Skip to main content

Full text of "Biographical and genealogical history of the city of Newark and Essex County, New Jersey .."

See other formats


-^,., .'i 

^0 -r. 






^^-^. "1 

y '^-f^'- 
^0^ .-•■■.% 
V ^?:* /^^'.; 

■-/^ b' 

■ <^^^^■\: 

" _' 




\. c^M 

■;• ■■ ;■ 

'"'^ o"* 



,4 o. 

• '1 



Genealogical History 






IN oflfering to subscribers the Biographical and Genealogical History of the 
City of Newark and Essex County, the publishers feel satisfied that they 
have been successful in producing a compilation of distinct historical value, 
and tliat all specifications set forth in the prospectus have been duly touched. 
The scope of the work has been such as to demand a large financial expenditure 
and a most discriminating research, and the result stands in evidence that the 
object of the publication, as defined in the prospectus, has been fully attained — 
"to hll up the wide gap in the biographical history of Essex county, and to give 
to the present and future generations a much deeper source of reliable informa- 
tion touching this locality." 

The editorial direction of the work had been undertaken by the late 
Frederick W. Ricord, who had designated the lines along which said work should 
be carried on to completion. Death's hand interposed, and released Judge 
Ricord from his labors. At the recjuest of the publishers, his daughter. Miss 
Sophia B Ricord, consented to continue the editorial work assigned to her 
distinguished fatlier. Miss Ricord, who had long been associated with her father 
in this kind of work, was therefore enabled to give her personal supervision in 
accordance with the plans by him formulated. It is felt that, in a measure, the 
publication will stand as a memorial tribute to one of the noblest men that has 
honored and been honored by the state of New Jersey, and it is a source of 
much gratification to the publishers that tliey were thus able to secure the 
co-operation of Judge Ricord, whose name here appears as representing the last 
editorial work with which he was associated. To Miss Ricord also are due the 
thanks of the publishers, as well as of all subscribers, and it is believed that the 
history, in its specific province, can not but meet with the favorable reception 
which it merits. 



Ackerman, Henry A 536 

Ackerman, Peter D 578 

Alien, Frank B 366 

Anderson. Henry J 492 

Andrews. William J S36 

Apgar, Jacob W 360 

Ashby, William S 211 

Austin. Edward 574 

Austin. William E 183 


Bachellcr, J. Henry 170 

Badgley, Alfred S 130 

Baer, Joseph 412 

Baker, Daniel N 380 

Baker, Thomas C 418 

Baker, Timothy H 544 

Baldwin, Aaron K 499 

Baldwin, David H 80 

Baldwin, George T 580 

Baldwin. Milton 484 

Baldwin, Noah 402 

Baldwin. Warren S 229 

Baldwin. William A 230 

Ball. Marcus D 306 

Ball. Philander 154 

Ball. Richard H 154 

Ball. William R 350 

Barrett. Halsey M 82 

Batty, James W 518 

Beach, Henry 151 

Beck. Charles 1 309 

Becker, Ludwig A. A 167 

Beggs, William F 307 

Bcldon. James M 506 

Benham. Hubert M 126 

Benson, Henry K 138 

Berg, Charles 545 

Berg. Franz 208 

Birdsall. Robert F 559 

Bishop. Charles R 362 

Black. Pierre • • 524 

Bond, Elihu 344 

Booth, Richard W 369 

Boudinot, Elisha 489 

Boutillier, Emanuel F 261 

Boyden, Seth 57i 

Bradley, Joseph P 477 

Brady, Ellis M 395 

Bragaw, David D 296 

Breeden, Charles E 378 

Brewer, William A., Jr 123 

Brower, Robert D 490 

Brown, James M 160 

Brown, Nathaniel 466 

Brueckner. George 453 

Bruyere. Walter R 524 

Buchanan, Paul 45° 

Budd, Ira 461 

Burgess, Hdward G 354 

Burnet, Elijah D 301 

Burnet, James B 535 

Burnet, Samuel H 522 

Burnet, Timothy 08 

Burnet, William 499 

Burns, Edward L 319 

Burt, Charles A 81 

Burtt, Aaron F 521 

Bush, Edward P 54 


Campbell, Ira 218 

Canfield, Cyrus 288 

Canniflf, Jonas C 149 

Carhart, Hennell 396 

Carpenter, Daniel H 161 

Carpenter, Joseph B 448 

Carter, Azariah H 224 

Chalmers, Thomas A 533 

Chapman, Henry S 68 

Church, Edward F 404 

Clymer, George E 374 

Coit, Henry L 187 

Colby, Gardner R 572 

Coles, ."Vbraham 5 

Coles, J. Ackerman 26 

Collins, William 383 



Collinson, Joshua 358 

Collyer, William W 553 

Condit, Edmund 330 

Condit, John P 175 

Condit, Jotham H 561 

Condit, Oscar H 575 

Conklin, Josiah S 375 

Connell. John J 259 

Cook, Hugh F 315 

Cope, George F 283 

Cort, Thomas 260 

Cort, Thomas. Jr 260 

Corwin, Theodore W 486 

Coult. Joseph 114 

Courtcr, David B 426 

Crane, Alfred J 386 

Crane. Ira S B2 

Crowell Family. The 555 

Cunningham, Peter F 455 


Dailey. Frank B 289 

Daisey, Dennis 406 

Darcy, John S 475 

Daum, Henry 577 

Day, Lewis E 513 

De Baun. John W 54 

Decker. Charles M 220 

Decker, Henry 566 

Denman, Abram C 236 

Denman, Isaac R 311 

Denman, John C 292 

Denman, Thomas 346 

Dennis. Laban 519 

Dey, Cornelius 135 

Dey, Samuel 134 

Diecks, William 411 

Dimond, William 182 

Dobbins, Edward L ^27 

Dodd, Amzi 106 

Dodd, Amzi T 456 

Dodd, Hiram F 391 

Doremus, Elias 194 

Doremus, Philip no 

Dorer, John 314 

Dorcr, Matthias D 441 

Dougherty, Alexander N 488 

Drake, Elias W 287 

Dryden. John F go 

Durand, Cyrus 392 

Durand, Cyrus B 392 

Durand. Elias W 234 

Durand, Jaines M 391 

Durands, Early 391 


Eggers, Augustus F 303 

Elsener. John 171 

Ely, John H 268 

Emmons, George 212 

Engelhorn, John 253 

English, Charles W 79 


Farley, John J 388 

Faulks, Theodore D 408 

Feindt, Henry 337 

Feindt, Lewis E 394 

First Presbyterian Church, Tlie 564 

Fish, Henry C 472 

Force, John H 173 

Force. Jonathan 172 

Fordyce, Alexander R 502 

Forrest, John M 537 

Fort, J. Franklin 66 

Foster, Herbert W 352 

Francisco, Richard S J40 

Francisco, William H 246 

Freeman, Charles W 467 

Frelinghuysen, Frederick T 56 

Frey, Albert 192 

Frisby, William 300 


Gaffney. John J 256 

Galbraith, John 280 

Gardner, William C l6l 

Gauch, William 310 

Geigcr, George J 470 

Genung, Silas P 174 

Gerhard, Frank J 272 

Gilfort, Robert C 317 

Gilfort. William 317 

Gill, John 204 

Goble, Frank C 148 

Goldsmith, Clarence A 357 

Goodell, Edwin B 290 

Gore, John K 578 

Gossweiler, Ferdinand 468 

Gould, Daniel E 421 

Granniss, Daniel D 168 

Guenther, Emil E 474 

Guild, Frederick F ;^3^ 


Hagar, John F 108 

Hahne, Julius 485 

Halsey, Edmund R 428 

Halsey, George A 115 


Halsey, Moses E 152 

Halscy, William 49,? 

Hanks, John C 197 

Haiinan, John J 527 

Hanson, John C 207 

Hardin, John R 440 

Harris Family, The 331 

Harris. Frederick H 331 

Harrison, Alfred J 250 

Harrison, C. A 231 

Harrison, Charles W 322 

Harrison, Irving B 325 

Harrison, John 250 

Harrison, John D 295 

Harrison, John G 460 

Harrison, Philip H 127 

Har\ ey, Hayward A 99 

Harvey, Thomas W 105 

Headlcy, Will C. : 433 

Heath, Stafford R. W 487 

Hedden. Austin E 150 

Hcdden, Clarence E 136 

Hedges, Nathan 492 

Hedges. Samuel M 464 

Hciniscli, Henry C 258 

Heinisch, Rochus 131 

Helbig, Frank W 462 

Hemmer, Frederick 561 

Hendry. Hugh C 521 

Herr. Charles F 380 

Hetzel, John G 216 

Hewlett, Peter V. P 520 

Hill. David F 558 

Hiller, Christopher F 436 

Hoffman. Frederick M 152 

Hoffmann. Adolf 410 

Hoffmann. Charles H 413 

Holland, Thomas B 217 

Holmes, Edward H 67 

Holmes, William D 371 

Hooper. Enoch W 398 

Hornblowcr. Joseph C 502 

Hornfeck, H. H 294 

Horton, Elmer E 547 

Houston, John C 191 

Howe, Chester C 359 

Howe, Edwin J 527 

Howe, John 482 

Howell, Francis K 409 

Hunter, C. H 266 

Hunter, Charles W 266 

Husk. Frank 144 

Husk, James H 133 

H uston. Walter A 232 

Hyer, Jackson 385 


IlifT, Elias P 196 

Ingcrman, John A 177 


Jacobus, Anthony 427 

Jocrschke. Herman 352 

Johnson, William L 55 

Jones, Thomas H 89 

Joy, Edmund L 370 

Judson, W. A 365 


Kaufmann, Albert 281 

Kcarns, William J 321 

Kent, William 423 

Keyler, John D 347 

Keyler, John G 341 

Kicrsted, Robert 267 

Kingman. Thomas S 414 

Kinney, Thomas T 446 

Kinney, William B 442 

Kirkpatrick, Andrew 178 

Kissam, Samuel 381 

Koegel, Conrad 312 

Koller, John 238 

Kraeuter, August 247 

Krahn, Henry 185 

Krause, Henry G 335 

Kridel, Jacob L 239 

Kuebler, William 299 


Lafon, Thomas 494 

Laidlaw, Benjamin P 213 

Lane, Isaac 282 

Lane, William 282 

Lebkuecher, Julius A 112 

LeBoeuf, G. A 548 

Lee. Joseph 176 

Lcc. Peter 428 

Leek, Walter L 214 

Lehlbach. Charles F. J 497 

Leibe, Henry L 507 

Lemond, James K 550 

Lintott, Thomas J 336 

Long. Herbert W 403 

Luff, William 568 

Lum, Frederick H 376 

Lyon, Ernest M 506 


MacWhorter, Alexander 470 

Manda, Albert A 278 


Mandeville, Francis N 205 

Manners, Abraham 37- 

Marsh, Charles 437 

Martin, George S 43° 

Matthews, Ambrose M i39 

Matthews, John H 4-2 

Maxfield, John F 186 

McArthur, Robert 184 

McCarter, Thomas N 338 

McCarter, Thomas N., Jr 34° 

McCarthy, James A i8l 

McDonough, James 393 

McGowan, James 245 

McGown, John A 549 

McGuirk, James W 203 

Meeker, John D 349 

Melville, Alexander 271 

Meyer, Michael 430 

Miller, Albert A 511 

Mitchell, Augustus J 302 

Mitchell, Hugh 325 

Moffet, James 275 

Moller, John 531 

Monteith, John 320 

Moritz, Thomas 570 

Morrison, Daniel 277 

Miiller, John G 254 

Munn, Joseph A 85 

Munn, Joseph L 342 

Musler, Christopher 419 


Nash, Patrick J 316 

Nathan, David B 304 

Nichols, Thomas 244 

Nicoll, William C 326 

Noyes, William II 257 


Oakes, David 298 

Ober, Michael F 476 

Odell, John T 188 

Ogden, Josiah 569 

O'Gorman, William 479 

Olmsted, Adelbert H 202 

Otterbein, John 263 


Parker, Cortlandt 74 

Parker Family, The 74 

Parker, James 74 

Parsil, Samuel B 373 

Parsil, Thomas B 348 

Peck, Stephen M 567 

Pennington, Samuel H 242 

Pennington, William 493 

Peoples, William H 312 

Peterson, Andrew 223 

Pier, John H 55 

Pierson, Abraham 563 

Pierson, Hubert L 164 

Pierson, Joseph C 108 

Pinneo, James B 500 

Plum, Stephen H 226 

Potter, Jonathan W 162 

Powers, Charles W 3i5 

Powles, Henry 551 

Pratt, Charles R 65 

Presbyterian Church, The First 564 

Preston, John F 452 

Preston, Nicholas 452 

Preston. Thomas F 452 


Rand, John M 530 

Rankin, William. Jr 505 

Ransley. John W 285 

Rassbach. John 562 

Read, Joshua 4^6 

Read, Joshua W 512 

Reeve, Edward 279 

Reeve, George W 387 

Reford, J. Banks 407 

Rehmann. Louis 228 

Reichstetter, John G 248 

Ricord, Frederick W Si 

Ricord, Philippe 545 

Robinson, Joseph H 548 

Rockwood, Charles G 146 

Rollinson, S. H 417 

Rowland, Shepard 78 

Rudd, Robert S 394 

Rutherford, John 483 


Sandford. George F 5I9 

Sandford, William E 533 

Sanford. George B 125 

Sargent, James W 583 

Sattler, Ludwig R 528 

Sayre. William H 364 

Schalk, Herman 458 

Schlegel, Robert P 524 

Schreitniuellcr, Henry 249 

Searle, Joseph 518 

Seibert, Charles L 397 

Scidler, William F 199 

Seymour, James M 480 

Shrunip, Fred W 270 

Skinner, Ben M 193 


Skinner, Isaac V 335 

Slayback, David H 1^9 

Slayback, Jolin \V i-8 

Sleght, Bcvicr H 481 

Smith, Aaron G 400 

Smith, Edwin 423 

Smith, George W 7° 

Smith, Harry W 286 

Smith, Harvey E 195 

Smith, Henry W 400 

Smith, William H 200. 

Snyder, Henry C 119 

Spear, John 520 

Spcer, Thomas T 308 

Squier, Charles M 4^3 

Stager, Lemuel I45 

Staniar, William 366 

Stoll, William 35i 

Stonaker, Edwin H 437 

Stout, Gideon Lee 368 

Stretch, Joseph 284 

Studer, Augustus C 509 

Sutphen, Theron Y 496 

Suydam, George H 540 

Symonds, George W 516 


Taylor. Joseph W 71 

Taylor, William M 92 

Thum, Frederick W 5I7 

Tillou, Abijah F 122 

Tillou, Job B 554 

Titsworth, Caleb S 498 

Tompkins, John 157 

Tompkins, William 159 

Townley, Richard 573 

Trabold. Valentin C 401 

Trautwein, Gottlob 5'4 

Trautwein, John G 435 

Treat. Robert 502 

Trusdell, John G 328 

Underwood, Charles F 532 


Van Buskirk, Levi 190 

Van Cleve. J. H 265 

Vanderhoof. George H 13S 

Van Horn. James 538 

Van Iderstine, Theodore 189 

Van Ness, Judson S 233 

Vogel, Adolph 4^5 

Voigt, Beda 243 

Voigt, Karl 252 

Voorhees, Abram 459 

Vreeland, Adrian 529 


Waldron, Edward M 241 

Wallace, William C 274 

Walsh, Michael 215 

Ward, Aaron 480 

Ward, Arthur 5'5 

Ward, Edwin M 553 

Ward, John F 508 

Ward, Leslie D 210 

Warren, William H 550 

Watkins, William 423 

Watson, William W '59 

Weeks, Edward W 180 

Weeks, William R 93 

Weyrauch, George 439 

White, William H 73 

Whitehead, William A 494 

Wilcox. Paul 96 

Williams. Abram P '53 

Williams. Chauncey G 166 

Williams, George N 282 

Williams, J. Edgar 546 

Williams, William N 121 

Williams. William S ■• 563 

Winans, Sidney B 169 

Wiss, Jacob 581 

Woodhousc, James F 109 

Woodhull. Addison W 504 

Woodruff, Philemon 384 

Woodruff. Thomas 165 

Woodruff, William H 390 

Wrightson, James T. 434 


Youmans, B. Franklin 556 

Youmans, Charles L 5S6 

Youmans, William B 55^ 

Young. Henry 382 

Yudizky. William 420 


Zch. Charles M 449 

Zocrner, C. G. H 291 

Zulauf, Charles 267 



■'Bacheller, J. Henry 170 

•^Badgley, Alfred S 130 

■J Baker, Thomas C 418 

- Baldwin, Noah 402 

^ Baldwin, Warren S 2J9 

/Baldwin, William A 230 

/ Ball, Marcus D 306 

v'Ball, Philander 154 

.Ball, Richard H 156 

. Barrett, Halsey M 82 

• Beck, Charles 1 309 

> Beldon, James M 506 

'Benson, Henry K 138 

> Bishop, Charles R 362 

•/ Breeden, Charles E 378 

, Brower, Robert D 490 

.'Brown, Nathaniel 466 

., Buchanan Paul 450 

. Burgess, Edward G 354 

Burnet, Samuel H 522 

Burnet, Timothy 98 


■ Campbell, Ira 218 

. Coles, Abraham Frontispiece 

/Coles, J. Ackerman 26 

/Condit, Edmund 330 

vCoult, Joseph 114 

. Courter, David B 426 

Crane, Alfred J 386 


Denman, Thomas 346 

w Dodd, Amzi 106 

vDoremus, Elias 194 

V Dorer, John 314 

. Dryden. John F 90 

Durand. Elias W 234 


V Fort. J. Franklin 66 

y Frelinghuysen, Frederick T 56 

I Frey, Albert 1 92 


/ Goodell, Edwin B 290 

^ Gore, John K 578 


- Harrison, Cliarlcs W 322 

Harrison, John 250 

Heinisch, Henry C 258 

. HotTmann, Adolf 410 

Howe, Jolin 482 

Hunter, C. H 266 

Joy, Edmund L 37° 

Kinney, Thomas T 44^ 

■ Kinney, William B 442 

■ Kirkpatrick, Andrew 1/8 


'Lane, Isaac 282 

' Lane, William 282 


vMaxficld, John F 186 

/McCarter, Thomas N., Sr 338 

, IMoritz, Thomas S/O 


'Oakes, David 298 

. Olmsted, Adelbcrt H 202 


'Parker, Cortlandt 76 

w Parker, James 74 

» Pennington, Samuel H 242 

/Plum, Stephen H 226 

.Potter, Jonathan W 162 


. Rand, John M 530 

. Rassbach, John 562 

. Ricord, Frederick W I 

,. Rockwood, Charles G 146 

: Rudd, Robert S 394 

•< Schalk, Herman 458 


> tillou, Abijah F 122 

. Tillou, Job B 554 

■ Titsworth, Caleb S 498 

Trautwein, Gottlob S'4 

Van Horn, James 538 


■ Wallace, William C 274 

■■ Ward, Leslie D 210 

i Williams, J, Edgar 546 

I'Wrightson, James T 434 




^ '^^jI^^^^^I 










Out of the depths of his mature wisdom 
Carlyle wrote: "History is the essence of 
innumerable biograpliies." Farther tlian 
this what propriety can tliere be in advanc- 
ing reasons for the compilation of such a 
work as the one at hand? Essex county, 
now venerable with age and honors, has 
sustained within her confines men who have 
been prominent in the history of the state 
and nation from the early colonial epoch. 
Her annals teem with the records of strong 
and noble manhood and womanhood, and, 
as Sumner said, "The true grandeur of na- 
tions is in those qualities which constitute 
the true greatness of the individual." The 
final causes which shape the fortunes of 
individual men and the destinies of states 
are often the same. They are usually re- 
mote and obscure; their influence wholly 
unexpected until declared by results. When 
they inspire men to the exercise of courage, 
self-denial, enterprise, industry, and call 
into play the higher moral elements: lead 
men to risk all upon conviction, faith, — such 
causes lead to the planting of great states, 
great nations, great peoples. That nation 
is greatest which produces the greatest and 
most manly men, and the intrinsic safety 
depends not so much upon methods and 
measures as upon that true manhood from 
whose deep sources all that is precious and 
permanent in life must at last proceed. 

Such a result may not consciously be con- 
templated by the individuals instrumental 
in the production of a great nation. Pur- 
suing each his personal good by exalted 
means, they work out this as a logical re- 
sult. They have wrought on the lines of 
the greatest good. 

Ceaselessly to and fro flies the deft 
shuttle which weaves the webof human des- 
tiny, and into the vast mosaic fabric enter 
the indiviiluality. the efTort, the accomplish- 
ment of each man. be his station that most 
lowly, or one of majesty, pomp and power. 
Within the textile folds may be traced 
the line of each individuality, be it the one 
that lends the beautiful sheen of honest 
worth and honest endeavor, or one that, 
dark and zigzag, finds its way through 
warp and woof, marring the composite 
beauty by its blackened threads, ever in evi- 
dence of the shadowed and unprolific life. 
Into the great aggregate each individuality 
is merged, and yet the essence of each is 
never lost, be the angle of its influence wide- 
spreading and grateful, or narrow and bane- 
ful. In his efforts he who essays biography 
finds much of profit and much of alluring 
fascination when he would follow out, in 
even a cursory way, the tracings of a life 
liistor}", seeking to find the keynote of each 
respective personality. These efforts and 
their resulting transmission can not fail of 


value in an objective way. for in each case 
may the lesson of life be conned, "line upon 
line; precept upon precept." 

Whether the elements of success in life 
are innate attributes of the individual, or 
whether they are cjuickened by a process of 
circumstantial development, it is impossi- 
ble to clearly determine. Yet the stud\- 
of a successful life is none the less interest- 
ing and profitable by reason of the ex- 
istence of this same uncertainty. So much 
in excess of those of successes are the 
records of failures or semi-failures that one 
is constrained to attempt an analysis in 
either case and to determine the method 
of causation in an approximate way. The 
march of improvement and progress is 
accelerated day by day, and each succes- 
sive moment seems to demand of men a 
broader intelligence and a greater discern- 
ment than did the preceding. Successful 
men must be li\e men in this age, bristling 
with activity, and the lessons of biography 
may be far-reaching to an extent not super- 
ficially evident. A man's reputation is the 
property of the world. The laws of nature 
have forbidden isolation. Every human 
being either submits to the controlling in- 
fluence of others, or, as a master, wields 
a power for good or evil on the masses of 
mankind. There can l)e no imjjropriety in 
justly scanning the acts of any man as they 
affect his public, social and business rela- 
tions. If he be honest and successful in 
his chosen field of endeavor, investigation 
will brighten his fame and point the path 
along which others may follow with like 
success. Not alone are those worthy of 
biographic honors who have moved along 
the loftier planes of action, but to an equal 
extent are those deserving who are of the 
rank and file of the world's workers, for 

they are not less the conservators of public 
prosperity and material ad\-ancement. 

Longfellow wrote. "We judge ourselves 
by what we feel capable of doing, while 
others judge us by what we have already 
done." If this golden sentence of the New 
England bard were uniformly applied, 
man}- a man who is now looking down with 
haughty stare upon the noble toilers on 
land and sea. sneering at the omission of 
the aspirate, the cut of his neighbor's coat 
or the humlileness of his dwelling, would 
be \ohmtaril_\- doing penance in sackcloth 
and ashes, at the end of which he would 
handle a spade or, with pen in hand, burn 
the midnight oil in his study, in the en- 
deavor to widen the bounds of liberty or 
to accelerate the material and spiritual 
progress of his race. The humble and 
lowly often stand representative of the 
truest nol)ility of character, the deepest 
patriotism and the most e.xalted purpose, 
and through all the gradations of life recog- 
nition should be had of the true values 
and then should full appreciation be mani- 

In the Biographical and Genealogical 
History of the City of Newark and Essex 
County the editorial staff, as well as the 
publishers, have fully realized the magni- 
tude of the task set them. The work is 
purely biographical in its province, and in 
the collation of material for the same there 
has been a constant aim to use a wise 
discrimination in regard to the selection of 
subjects, and yet to exclude none worthy 
of representation within its pages. Those 
who have been prominent factors in the 
l)ublic. social and industrial makeup of the 
countv in the i>ast have been given due 
recognition as far as it has been possible 
to secure the requisite data. Names 


worthy of perpetuation here have in sev- 
eral instances been omitted, either on ac- 
count of the apatlietic interest of those con- 
cerned or the inability to secure the in- 
formation demanded. Yet, in both the 
contemporary narrative and the memoirs of 
those who have passed on to "that undis- 
covered country from whose bourne no 
traveler returns," it is believed that there 
has been such utilization of material as to 
more than fulfill all stipulations and prom- 
ises made at the inception of the under- 

In the compilation recourse has been had 
to divers authorities, including various his- 
tories and historical collections, and im- 
plying an almost endless array of papers 
and documents, public, private, social and 
ecclesiastical. That so much matter could 
be gathered from so many original sources 
and then sifted and assimilated for the pro- 
duction of a single work without incurring 
a modicum of errors and inaccuracies, 
would be too much to e.xpect of any corps 
of writers, no matter how able the\- mitrht 

be as statisticians or skilled as compilers of 
such works. It is, nevertheless, believed 
that no inaccuracies of a serious nature can 
be found to impair the historical value of 
the volumes, and it is further believed that 
the results will supply the demand which 
called forth the efforts of the publishers 
and the editorial corps. 

To other and specific histories has been 
left the task of touching the general history 
of the county and the city of Newark, for 
the function of this work is aside from this 
and is definite in its scope, so that a re- 
capitulation would be out of harmony with 
the compilation. However, the incidental 
references made to those who have been 
the important actors in the public and civic 
history of the county will serve to indicate 
the generic phases and will shadow forth 
much to those who can "read between the 
lines." In conclusion we can not do better 
than to quote another of Carlyle's terse 
aphorisms : "There is no heroic poem in 
the world but is at bottom a biography, — 
the life of a man." 




tlie widely known poet, scliolar, philan- 
thropist, and eminent physician and sur- 
geon, was born in the okl homestead 
of his family, at Scotch Plains, New 
Jersey, December 26, 1813, and died, dur- 
ing a visit to California, at the Hotel del 
Monte, near Monterey, May 3, 1891. He 
was of Scotch and Dutch descent, his an- 
cestors being among the earliest settlers of 
New York and New Jersey. His great- 
grandfather, William Coles, had, with his 
wife, established himself, in early colonial 
days, at Scotch Plains, and there Dr. Coles' 
grandfather. James Coles, was born in 
1744. The latter married, in 1768, Eliza- 
beth Frazee. Their son, Dennis, the father 
of Dr. Coles, was born at Scotch Plains, in 
1778. and died there in 1844. He was "a 
man of great culture, skilled in mathemat- 
ics, a lover of polite literature, a polished 
speaker, a member of the state legislature. 
a charming reader, and an accomplished 
writer." He acquired the printers' art, 
with Shepard Kollock, and in 1803 estab- 
lished at Newburgh, New York, a newspa- 
per, the Recorder of the Times, whic'.. he 

conducted for three years, — a literary and 
financial success, which, also, under an- 
other name, it continued to be as late as 
1876. He married, in 1802, Katrina Van 
Deurzen, daughter of one of the prominent 
citizens of Newburgh, and a descendant of 
the famous Dutch dominie, Everardus Bo- 
gardus, and his noted wife, Anneke Jans. 
.\t the solicitation of his parents, Dennis 
Coles sokl out his Newburgii business 
( 1806) and with his wife returned to Scotch 
Plains, where his son was born, as stated 

Dr. .\braham Coles was educated by his 
parents until the age of twelve, when he 
entered the dry-goods store of a relative in 
New York city, with whom he remained 
five years. Here he acquired a thorough 
business education, while at the same time 
devoting his spare time to reading and 
study. .\t the age of seventeen he with- 
drew from this business to accept a posi- 
tiiin as teacher of Latin and mathematics 
in the academy of the Rev. Lewis Bond, at 
Plainfield. New Jersey. Subsequently, for 
six months, he studied law in the office of 
Hon. Joseph C. Hornblower, of Newark, 
and although the law was not to prove his 


chosen vocation, he, during this time, ac- 
quired a taste and solid foundation for 
legal study, which he never abandoned and 
whicli in after years was invaluable to him 
in his association with eminent jurists. 
After reading Blackstone's and Kent's 
Commentaries with care, and in the mean- 
time consulting his natural tastes and in- 
clinations, which drew him strongly 
toward medicine, he chose the latter, and, 
first attending a course of lectures at the 

his profession, becoming especially distin- 
guished in surgical cases, to which he was 
frequently called in consultation. In 1848 
he went abroad, visiting England and 
France and making a special study of their 
hospitals and schools of medicine. He 
was in Paris during the stormy days — May 
and June, 1848 — of the dictatorship of 
General Cavignac and the so-called French 
republic that followed, and, as correspond- 
ent of the Newark Daily Advertiser, de- 


University and College of Physicians and 
Surgeons in New York city, he entered the 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, at which he graduated in 
1835. The following year he opened an of- 
fice, as physician and surgeon, in Newark, 
New Jersey. In 1842 he married Caroline 
E. Ackerman, daughter of Jonathan C. and 
Maria S. Ackerman, of New Brunswick, 
New Jersey. She died in 1845, leaving 
one son and one daughter. 

Dr. Coles soon won a high position in 

scribed the bloody scenes of which he was 
an eye-witness. Returning to Newark he 
at once resumed practice. At this time he 
was regarded as the most accomplished 
practitioner in Newark, eminent alike for 
his professional and literary acquirements. 
In 1853 and 1854 he was again abroad, 
traveling extensively, studying the conti- 
nental languages and adding largely to his 
store of medical knowledge by contact with 
the most eminent physicians and surgeons 
of Europe. At Florence he made the ac- 

i:ssi:\ t <)( STY. 

quaimance of the Brownings, Hiram Pow- 
ers and others then and subsequently dis- 
tinguished for their attainments in litera- 
ture and art. In September, 1854, he took 
passage for home, on the Arctic, but after 
leaving Liverpool, he liad his ticket made 
good for the following steamer, and then 
disembarked at Queenstown. The Arctic 
proceeded on her voyage, was run into by 
a small French steamer, called the Vesta, 
off Cape Race, in a dense fog, and sunk, 
with a loss of three hundred and twenty- 
two lives. 

But the life, character and celebrity of 
Dr. Coles, eminent as he was as physician 
and surgeon, are chiefly connected with his 
literary and scholarly attainments, his pub- 
lished writings, and particularly his relig- 
ious hymns and translations, which have 
given him a world-wide reputation. He 
had early in his professional career been a 
contributor to various periodicals, but it 
was not until "Wednesday evening, March 
17, 1847." that his first translation of the 
"Dies Irae" appeared in the Newark Daily 
Advertiser, from a copy of which, after an 
interval of more than fifty years, we now 
quote : — 

In the following version of that fine old specimen of 
Latin rhyme, the Dies Irae, the translator Is fully 
conscious of not having done justice to the sounding 
cadence, exquisite rhythm, barbaric strength and 
beautiful simplicity of the original. This powerful 
poem, the composition of a monk who lived in the 
twelfth century, while It has commanded the admira- 
tion of critics generally, upon many eminent charac- 
ters It would seem to have exercised a wonderful In- 
fluence. It Is slated of Dr. Johnson that he could never 
read the verse commencing, "Quaerens me sedlstl 
lassus" without bursting into tears. It was a great 
favorite likewise with Sir Walter Scott. His -Lay 
of the Last Minstrel" contains a partial translation, 
and we are told by his kinsmen and biographer that 
in his last hours of life and reason he was overheard 
repeating portions of the Latin original. The Earl of 
Roscommon likewise uttered in the moment when he 
expired, with great energ>- and devotion, two lines of 
his own version of the seventeenth stanza— 
"My God. my Father and my Friend. 
Do not forsake me In my end." 

Goethe Introduces snatches of it In his "Faust." To 
these names might be added many others who have 

borne similar testimony to its extraordinary merit. 
This is farther shown by the numerous tranBlatlons 
which have been made into various languages. In Ger- 
many particularly there has been a surprising num- 
ber.— some executed by her first poets. With them care 
has generally been taken to preserv-e the trochaic 
ending and double rhyme of the Latin. The 
almost universal neglect of this In English versions 
Is a great defect, which can only be accounted for 
by the difficulties involved in the retention. A 
translation which appeared some years ago in 
the New York Evangelist (October. 1841) forms 
the only known exception and was highly applauded 
as an exemplification of success where everybody had 
failed. But doubtless it was the arduousness of the 
task that so far conciliated criticism as to lead to the 
most indulgent blindness to material faults. It were 
)>resumptlon. however. In the present translator to 
think that he ha.s succeeded much better in overcom- 
ing the dlfflcultles referred to. It Is well known that 
this Hymn has been set to music of the subllmest ex- 
cellence, forming, as It does, the subject of Moiarfs 
"Reiiulem." the last and best of his Immortal com- 
pcksltions. the excitement of preparing which, it la 
said, hastened his death. 


Day of wrath, that day of burning, 
All shall melt, to ashes turning. 
As foretold by seers discerning. 

O what fear shall It engender 

When the Judge shall come in splendor. 

Strict to mark and Just to render. 

Trumpet scattering sounds of wonder. 
Rending sepulehers asunder. 
Shall resistless summons thunder. 

All aghast then Death shall shiver 

And great Nature's frame shall quiver 

When the graves their dead deliver. 

Book where every act's recorded. 

All events all time afforded. 

Shall be brought and dooms awarded. 

When shall sit the Judge unerring. 
He'll unfold all here occurring. 
No Just vengeance then deferring. 

What shall 1 say that time pending? 
Ask what Advocate's befriending 
When the Just man needs defending? 

King almighty and all knowing. 
Grace to sinners freely showing. 
Save me. Fount of good o'erflowlng. 

Think. Oh Jesus, for what reason 
Thou endur'dst earth's spite and treason, 
Nor me lose in that dread season. 

Seeking me Thy worn feet hasted. 
On the cross Thy soul death tasted. 
Let such labor not be wasted. 

Righteous Judge of retribution, 
Grant me perfect absolution 
Kre that day of execution. 

Culprit like. I. heart all broken. 

On my cheek shame's crimson token. 

Plead the pardoning word be spoken. 


Thou who Mary gav'st remission. 
Heard'st the dying- Thief's petition. 
Cheered'st with hope my lost conditioti. 

Though my prayers do nothing merit. 
What is needful. Thou confer it. 
Lest I endless tire inherit. 

Mid the sheep a place decide me. 
And from goats on left divide me. 
Standing on the right beside Thee. 

When th* accurs'd away are driven. 

To eternal burnings given. 

Call me with the bless'd to Heav'n. 

I beseech Thee, prostrate lying. 
Heart as ashes, contrite, sighing. 
Care for me when I am dying. 

On that awful day of wailing. 
Human destinies unveiling. 
When man rising, stands before Thee. 
SiJare the culprit. God of Glor>-. 

Tliis translation undouhteilly attracted 
the attention and admiration of scholars 
throughout the literary world. Harriet 
Beecher Stowe introtkiced a portion of it 
into her Uncle Tom's Cabin, and Henry 
Ward Beecher haci it set to music for his 
Plymouth Collection of Hymns. 

In 1859 Dr. Coles published, with some 
sHght alterations, this translation, together 
with twelve other versions which he had 
made since 1847. This volume, entitled 
"Dies Irse in Thirteen Original \'ersions" 
(sixth edition, 1892), appeared in the x\p- 
pleton's best style of binding, and con- 
tained an introduction, history of the 
hymn, music, and . photographic illustra- 
tions of the Last Judgment, by Michael 
Angelo, Rubens, Cornelius, and Ary 
Scheffer. The book met with immediate 

James Russell Lowell, in the Atlantic 
Monthly said : "Dr. Coles has made, we 
think, tlie most successful attempt at an 
English translation of the Hymn that we 
have ever seen. He has done so well that 
we hope he will try his hand on some of the 
other Latin Hymns. By rendering them 

in their own metres, and with as large a 
transfusion of their spirit as characterizes 
his present attempt, he will be doing a real 
service to the lovers of that kind of reli- 
gious poetry in which neither the reHgion 
or poetry is left out. He has shown that 
he knows the worth of faithfulness." 

Richard Grant White, in a critical re- 
view, spoke of the work as "one of great in- 
terest, and an admirable tribute from 
American scholarship and poetic taste to 
the supreme nobility of the original poem. 
Dr. Coles," he says, "has shown a fine ap- 
preciation of the spirit and rhythmic move- 
ment of the hymn, as well as unusual com- 
mand of language and rhvme; and we 
much doubt whether any translation of the 
'Dies Ivx.' better than the first of the thir- 
teen, will ever be produced in English, ex- 
cept perhaps by himiself. * h= * ,\s (-q 
the translation of the hymn, it is perhaps 
the most difficult task that could be under- 
taken. To render 'Faust' or the 'Songs of 
Egniont' into fitting English numbers 
would be easy in comparison." 

James W. Alexander, D. D., and Will- 
iam R. Williams, D. D., scholars whose 
critical acumen and literary ability were 
universally recognized, pronounced the 
first two "the best of English versions in 
double rhyme." while the Rev. Samuel 
Irenreus Prime, D. D., in the New York 
Observer, said, "We are not sure but that 
the last version, which is in the same meas- 
ure as Crashaw's, but in our judgment far 
superior, will please the general taste most 
of all." The Christian (Quarterly) Re- 
view said, — "Dr. Coles' first translation 
stands, we believe, not only unsurpassed, 
but unequaled in the English language." 
The Rt. Rev. John Williams, D. D., LL. 
D., bishop of the diocese of Connecticut, 

i:ssi:\ coi STY 

\\n)te. — "Your first \ersion is (lcci<lc<lly 
the best one with which I am acquainted." 
William Culien Bryant, in the Evening 
Post, wrote, — '"There are few versions that 
will bear to be compared with these; we 
are surprised that they are all so well 
done." Rev. Dr. James McCosh, D. D., 
l^L. D., president of the College of Xew 
Jersey, Princeton, wrote to Dr. Coles — "I 
wonder how you could have drawn out 
thirteen translations of the 'Dies Ir;e.' all 
in the spirit and manner of the original, 
and yet so different. I thought each the 
best as I read it." 

"If not all of equal excellence," said 
George Ripley, in the New York Tribune, 
"it is hard to decide as to their res]>ective 
merits, so admirably .do they embody the 
tone and sentiments of the original, in vig- 
orous and expressive verse. The essays 
which precede and follow the hymn, exhibit 
the learning and the taste of the translator 
in a most favorable light, and show that an 
antiquary and a poet have not been lost in 
the study of science and the practice of a 
laborious profession." 

Lady Jane Franklin, wife of Sir John 
Franklin, while on her visit to this coun- 
try, met IV. Coles at the home of a mutual 
friend. Congeniality of tastes, as well as 
the interest taken by Dr. Coles in the 
search for her husband, ripened the ac- 
ciuaintanceship into that of mutual regard 
and friendship, .\mong the Doctor's let- 
ters we find the following, in Lady Frank- 
lin's handwriting: 

"Xew York, October 22. iSC>o. 
"Dr. Aliraham Coles: 

"Dear Sir: — I cannot deny myself the 
]>leasure of thanking you once more for 
your most beautiful little book, the "Dies 
Ir.-e in Thirteen Original \'ersions,' which 

I \alue, noi onU mr us nnrmsic merit. i)ut 
as an ex])ression of your very kind feelings 
towartl me. Believe me, 

"Gratefully and truly yours, 

Jane Franklin." 

Li 1865 he published his first translation 
of the passion hymn, '"Staliat Mater Dolo- 
rosa," which, like '"Dies Ira?," has been 
made the theme of some of the most cele- 
brated musical compositions. It was set 
to music in the sixteenth century by Pales- 
trina, and has inspired the compositions of 
Haydn, Bellini, Rossini, and others. The 
prima donna, Clara Louise Kellogg, in 
Rossini's "Stabat Mater," used Dr. Coles' 
translation. Dr. Philip Schaft, alluding to 
some eighty German and several Knglish 
translations that had been matle up to that 
time said: '"Dr. Coles has best succeeded 
in a faithful rendering of the Mater Dolo- 
rosa. His admirable English versioncare- 
fullv preserves the measure of the origi- 
nal." In 1866 appeared his "Old Gems in 
Xew Settings" (third edition, 1891), in 
whicii many treasured old Latin hymns, in- 
cluding "De Contemptu Mundi" and "\'e- 
ni Sancti Spiritus," are skillfully and grace- 
fully translated. In the following year he 
published his translation of "Stabat ^L-lter 
Speciosa" (second edition, 1S91). 

In 1866, before the centennial meeting 
of the Xew Jersey State Medical Society, 
held in Rutgers College, Xew Brunswick, 
and of which he was president. Dr. Coles 
read iiis poem entitled "The Microcosm," 
which was published with the proceedings 
of the society. This poem was subse- 
quently (in 1881) published in a volume 
containing "The Microcosm (fifth edition, 
1 891), National Lyrics, and Miscellaneous 
Poems," together with three additional 
versions of "Dies Irx." The volume was 

ES.SEX (•<)L\TY 

favorably criticised both in tliis country 
and Europe. Tlie Hon. Justin ^McCarthy, 
of England, wrote: "I am surprised to 
see, in looking through your volume, 'The 
Microcosm, and other Poems,' that you 
have been able to add three more versions 
to those you have already made of that 
wonderful Latin hymn. "Dies Ir;c.' Cer- 
tainly it is the most difficult to translate. 
I like your last version especially." "The 
idea of 'The Microcosm,' " said John G. 
\\ hittier. "is novel antl daring, but it is 
worked out with great skill and delicacy." 
In lines of easy and flowing verse the au- 
thor sets forth with a completeness cer- 
tainly remarkable, and with great power 
and beauty, the incomparable marvels of 
structure and functions of the human body. 
As an example, we quote a few lines 
from the section on "Muscular Dynamics." 

Bundles of_ fleshy fibres without end. 
Along the 'bony Skeleton extend 
In thousand-fold directions from fixed points 
To act their several parts upon the Joints; 
Adjustments nice of means to ends we trace, 
With each dj'namic filament in place; 
But Where's the Hand that grasps the million reins, 
Directs and guides them, quickens or restrains? 
See the musician, at his fingers' call. 
All sweet sounds scatter, fast as rain drops fall; 
With flying touch, he weaves the web of song. 
Rhythmic as rapid, intricate as long. 
W'hence this precision, delicacy, and ease? 
And Where's the Master that defines the keys? 
The many-jointed Spine, with link and lock 
To make it flexile while secure from shock, ' 
Is pierced throughout, in order to contain 
The downward prolongation of the brain; 
From which, by double roots, the Nerves arise— 
One Feeling gives, one Motive Power supplies; 
In opposite directions, side by side. 
With mighty swiftness there two currents glide- 
Winged, head and heel, the Mercuries of Sense 
Mount to the regions of Intelligence; 
Instant as light, the nuncios of the throne 
Command the Muscles that command the Bone. 

In Europe one of the most enthusiastic 
admirers of "The Microcosm." was the late 
Dr. Theodor Billroth, professor of surgery 
in Vienna. The New York Herald savs: 
"The poems that follow 'The Microcosm,' 
are mainly religious, and, for simplicitv, 
feeling, and, withal, great scholarsliip, have 

been equaled liy no hynm writers of this 
country." "The flavor of 'The Micro- 
cosm,' " said the New York Times, "is most 
quaint, suggesting on the religious side 
George Herbert, and on the materialistic 
side the elder Darwin. Some of the hymns 
for children are beautiful in their simplic- 
ity and truth." 


Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings, 
Thou canst perfect praise to Thee I 

Wilt thou not accept tfie worship. 
Humbly rendered. Lord, by me? 

Even me. 

Things that to the wise are hidden. 

Children's eyes are made to see; 
Thte to know is life eternal. 

O reveal Thyself to mel 

Thou hast given me power of loving, 
Give me power of serving Thee, 

Is there not some humble service 
Which can now be done by me? 

Even me. 

Hands and feet should ne'er grow weary 
When employed, dear Lord, for Thee; 

Tongue should never cease the telling 
Of Thy grace who diedst for me. 

Even me. 

Infant mouths need not be silent. 
Stammering lips can publish Thee. 

Sound Thy name o'er land and ocean, 
Be it sounded. Lord, by me! 

Even me. 


We praise, we magnify, O Lord, 

As little children can. 
That wondrous love wliich brought Thee down 

To die for sinful man. 

While here en earth Thou didst not frown 

And bid them to depart. 
When mothers brought their children near, 

But took them to Thy heart. 

Encouraged by Thy voice and smile, 

We toward 'Thy bosom press; 
O. lay Thy hands upon our heads. 

And mercifully bless! 

Help us to sing, dear Lord! we feel 

That silence would be wrong; 
Now every bird, with rapture stirred. 

Is praising Thee in song. 

The Critic (New York), after referring 
to "many beautiful and stately passages" in 
"The Microcosm," savs, "following it is to 


be found some of the best devotional and 
patriotic poetry that has been written in 
this country." 

The following is from his poem "A Sab- 
bath at Niagara." 

Fort'vermore, from thee, NIaKara! 

Kellglous cataract! Most Holy Fane! 

A service and a symphony ro up 

Into the ear of God. 'TIs Sabbath morn. 

My soul, refreshed and full of comfort, hears 

Thy welcome call to worship. All night long 

A murmur, like the memory of a sound. 

Has filled my sleep and made my dreams devout. 

It was the deep, unlntermlttent roll 

Of thy eternal anthem, pealing still 

Upon the slumbering and muffled sense. 

Thence echoing In the soul's mysterious depths 

With soft reverberations. How the earth 

Trembles with halleujahs, loud as l>reak 

From banded Seraphim and Cherubim 

Singing before the Throne, while God vouchsafes 

Vision and audience to prostrate Heaven! 

My -soul, that were mute, transported finds 

In you. O Inarticulate Harmonies! 

Expression for unutterable thoughts. 

Surpassing the Impertinence of words. 

For that the petty artifice of speech 

Cannot pronoimce th' Unpronounceable, 

Nor meet the Inlinlle demands of praise 

Before descending Godhead, lo! she makes 

Of this Immense significance of sound. 

Sublime appropriation, chanting It anew, 

As her "Te Deum," and sweet Hymn of Laud. 


(Air, Star Spangled Bann 

We hall the return of the day of thy birth. 

Fair Columbia, washed by the waves of two oceans! 
Where men, from the famhest dominions of Earth. 

Rear altars to Freedom, and pay their devotions: 
Where our fathers In fight, nobly strove for the Right, 
Struck down their fierce foemen or put them to filghf. 
Through the long lapse of ages, that so there might 

An asylum for all In the Land of the Free. 

Behold, from each zone under Heaven, they come! 

And haughtiest nations, that once far outshone thee. 
Now paled by thy lustre, lie prostrate and dumb. 

And render due homage, and no more disown thee. 
All the Isles for thee wait, while that early and late. 
Not a wind ever blows but wafts hither rich freight. 
And the swift sailing ships, that bring over the sea 
Th' oppressed of all lands to the Land of the Free, 

As entranced I look down the long vista of years. 

And behold thine existence to ages extended. 
What a scene, O my Country, of wonder appears! 
How kindling the prospect, surpassing and splen- 
did ! 
Each lone mountain and glen, and waste wilderness 

I see covered with cities, and swarming with men. 
And miraculous Art working marvels for thee 
To lift higher thy greatness, thou Land of the Free! 

From our borders expel all oppression and wrong. 

Oh! Thou, who didst plant us and make us a Nation! 
In the strength of Thine arm make us evermore 

On our gates Inscribe Praise, on our walls write 
May Thyself be our light, from Thy heavenly height 
Ever flashing new splendors and chasing our night, 
That united and happy we ever may be 
To the end of all time, still the Land of the Free! 

July 4, 16S3. 


(Air, America.) 

beautiful and grand 

My own, my Native Land! 

Of thee I boast: 
Great Empire of the West, 
The dearest and the best. 
Made up of all the rest, 
I love thee most. 

Thou crown of all the Past, 
Time's noblest and the last. 

Supremely fair! 
Brought up at Freedom's knee. 
Sweet Child of Liberty! 
Of all. from sea to sea, 

Th' undoubted heir. 

1 honor thee, because 
Of just and equal laws. 

These make thee dear: 
Not for thy mines of gold. 
Not for thy wealth untold. 
Not that thy sons are bold. 

Do I revere. 

God of our fathers! bless. 
Exalt In righteousness. 

This Land of ours! 
Be Right our lofty aim. 
Our title and our claim. 
To high and higher fame. 

Among the Powers. 

In 1S74 he published "The Evangel" 
(pages 400, second edition, 1891). "The 
purpose of this volume," said George Rip- 
ley, in the New York Tribune, "would be 
usually regarded as beyond the scope of 
poetic composition. It aims to reproduce 
the scenes of the Gospel history in verse, 
with a strict adherence to the sacred narra- 
tive, and no greater degree of imaginative 
coloring than would serve to present the 
facts in the most brilliant and impressive 
light. But the subject is one with which 
the author clierishes so profound a sympa- 
thy, as in some sense to justify the bold- 
ness of the attempt. The Oriental cast of 
his mind allures him to the haunts of sa- 
cred song, and produces a vital communion 
with the spirit of Hebrew poetry. Had he 


lived in the days of Isaiah or Jeremiah, he 
might have been one of the bards who 
sought inspiration at Siloa's brook, that 
flowed fast by the oracle of God." 

The Rev. Charles Hodge. D. D., LL. D., 
of Princeton, referring to the work, said, — 
"I admire the skill which 'The Evangel' 
displays in investing with rainbow hues the 
simple narrations of the Gospels. All, 
however, who have read Dr. Coles' ver- 
sions of the 'Dies Ircc' and other Latin 
hymns must be prepared to receive any 
new productions from his pen with high 
expectations. In these days, when even 
the clerical oftice seems in many cases in- 
sufficient to protect from the present fash- 
ionable form of skepticism, it is ;i great 
satisfaction to see a man of science and a 
scholar adhering so faithfullv to the simple 

Henry W. Longfellow, in a cordial note 
to Dr. Coles, remarks, — "As your work is 
narrative and mine dramatic, he nuist be a 
very captious critic w hc_) shoukl ^■enture to 
suggest any imitation." 

"Dr. Coles," says John G. Whittier, "is a 
born hymn writer. His 'All the Davs' and 
'Ever with Thee' are immortal songs. It 
is better to have written them than the 
stateliest of epics." 

(Tune, "Kinney Street.") 

From Thee, begettins sure conviction, 

Sound out. O risen Lord, always. 
Those faithful words of valediction, 

"Lo! I am with you all the days." 

Refrain— All the days, all the days, 
"Lo! 1 am with you all the days." 

What things shall happen on the morrow, 

Thou kindly hidest from our gaze; 
But tellest us in .icv or .sorrow. 

"Lo! I am with you all the days." 

When round our head the tempest rages. 

And sink our feet in miry ways. 
Thy voice comes floating down the ages, 

"Lo! I am with you al! the days." 

O Thou who art our life and meetness. 
Not death shall daunt us nor amaze. 

Hearing those words of power and sweetness, 
"Lo! I am with you all the days." 

(Tune, "Bethany.") 

Ever, my Lord, with Thee, 

Ever with Thee! 
Through all eternity 

Thy face to see! 
I count this heaven, to be 
Ever, my Lord, with Thee, 

Ever with Thee. 

Fair is Jerusalem, 
• All of pure gold, 
Garnished with many a gem 

Of worth untold; 
I only ask to be 
Ever, my Lord, with Thee, 

Ever with Thee! 

River of Life there flows 

As crystal clear; 
The Tree of Life there grows 

For healing near; 
But this crowns all, to be 
Ever, my Lord, with Thee, 

Ever with Thee! 

No curse is there, no night. 

No grief, no fear; 
Thy smile fills heaven with light. 

Dries every tear: 
What rapture, there to be 
Ever, my Lord, with Thee, 

Ever with Thee! 

In 1884 the Appletons issued Dr, Coles' 
poem, "The Light of the World," as a sin- 
gle volume also bound together with a 
second edition of "The Evangel" under the 
general title "The Life and Teachings of 
our Lord in \'erse, being a complete har- 
monized exposition of the four Gospels, 
with original notes, etc," 

Among the many foreign letters received 
bv Dr, Coles, in which reference is made to 
this work, we find one from the Right Hon. 
William E, Gladstone, M. P,. written from 
10 Downing street, Whitehall, London, 
and one from Stephen Gladstone, written 
from Hawarden Rectory, Chester, Eng- 

The Rev. Alexander McLaren, D. D., 
writing from Manchester, England, says, 
— "I congratulate you upon having accom- 

Essi:\ rol \TY. 


plislicd with success a most ilifiicitlt iiiidcr- 
takinjj. ami on having liecn able to ])resent 
the ever inexhaustible life in a form so new 
and original. 1 do not know whether I 
have been most struck by the careful and 
hne exegetical study, or the graceful versi- 
fication of your work. I trust it may be 
useful, not only in attracting the people, 
which George Herbert thought could be 
caught with a song, when they would run 
from a sermon, but may also help lovers of 
tlie sermon to see its subject in a new 

The Rev. Horatius Bonar, D. D., of 
Edinburgh, wrote. — "I am struck with 
your command of language, and your skill 
in clothing the sim])licities of history with 
the elegance of poetry. \'our "Life of Our 
Lord' is no ordinary volume, and your 
notes are of a very high order indeed. — ad- 
mirably written, and full of philosophical 
tiiought and scriptural research." 


In that fair roglon— fertile as of yore. 

Watered of Heaven; its valleys covered o'er 

With corn; with tlocks its pastures; scene in truth 

Of that sweet Idyl called the Book of Ruth, 

Where David, son of Jesse, lending sheep. 

In deep glen seated, or on mountain sttep. 

Sung to his harp In morn or evening calm. 

Many a holy pastoral and psalm— 

As certain shepherds, simple and devout. 

I'nder the starry heavens were lying out. 

Watching their flocks, while one lifts up the chant. 

"The l^ord my shepherd is. I shall not want." 

Or. as with upturned face, he ravished sees 

nelted Orion and the Pleiades, 

Singing. "When I the heavens consider, made 

Anil fashioned hy Thy lingers, thick Inlaid 

With stars and suns in numhers numhcrless. 

Lord, what Is man that Thou shouldst come to 

bless?" — 
An Angel of the Lord beside them stood: 
Thi> glory of the Lord in mighty Hood 
Shone round about them luminous and clear. 
And nil the shepherds feared with a great fear. 
"Fear not." the Angel said, "good news I bear. 
(' of great joy to people everywhere. 
In David's city Is a Saviour born. 
Who Is the Christ the Lord, this happy morn. 
And this the sign to you: Ye shall not find 
Prepared a stately edifice, designed 
l'''or His reception: this great Potentate 
And Prince of Heaven and Earth, assumes no slate; 
Comes with no retinue; conceals and shrouds 
Ills proper glory under veils and clouds 

1)1 lowliness. In stable of an Inn 

His Showing and Epiphany begin. 

There look and you shall itnd In manger laid 

The Infant Christ In swaddling clothes arrayed." 

Then suddenly were present, height o'er height, 
A countless multitude of the sons of light. 
In mighty chorus singing loud and clear, 
("harming celestial silences to hear; 
"Olory to God there In the highest heaven! 
I'eace here on earth, good will to men forgiven!" 

—The Evangel, pages 59-(;i. 


•"•••• He stood 

On a raised plain mid a vast multitude. 

Composed of His disclples-and all Ihein 

Who from Judea, and Jerusalem, 

And from the shores of Tyre and Sidon came 

To hear Him and be healed— His blessed name. 

Now on all lips, because there was no case 

Too desperate for His relieving grace; 

The virtue that wenl out of Him was such 

That men were healed with one believing touch. 

All hushed. He .sat, and lifting up His eyes 
On His disciples, taught them In this wise. 
Hapiiy the poor In spirit, who 
their deep demerit own. 
In them My Kingdom I set up; 
wilh them 1 share my throne. 
Happy are they, who mourn for sin 
with smitlngs on the breast. 
The Comforter shall comfort them 
in ways He knoweth best. 
Happy the meek, who patient bear 
unconscious of their worth. 
They shall Inherit .seals of power, 
and dominate the earth. 
Happy who hunger and who thirst 
for righteousness complete. 
Their longings shall fultlllments have 
and satisfactions sweet. 
Happy the merciful, who know 
to ))lty and forgive. 
They mercy shall obtain at last, 
and evermore shall live. 
Happy the pure In heart, whose feet 
with holiness are shod. 
They shall run up the shining way 
and see the face of Ood. 
Happy the friends of peace, who heal 
the wounds by discord given. 
The God of Heaven shall hold them dear 
and call them sons of heaven. 
Haiipy are they who suffer for 
adherence to the right. 
They shall be kings and iirlests to God 
In realms of heavenly light. 
Happy are ye when men revile 
and falsely you accuse. 
Be very glad, for so of old 

did they the prophets use. 
Happy are ye. when for My sake, 
men persecute and hate. 
Exult: for your reward In heaven 
Is made thereby more great, 

—The Light of the World, pages 7n-77. 

Tlie late Hon. Frederick W. Ricord. in 
his memorial address before the New Jer- 
sey Historical Society (May 19, 1892). 


/JSStJX vouyTY 

said: "Dr. Coles was a man who pos- 
sessed and enjoyed a religion founded upon 
tlie teachings of the Old and New Testa- 
ments. It was a religion which per\'aded 
all the recesses of his heart, which gave a 
temper to all his thoughts, which entered 
into all the transactions of his life, — a reli- 
gion of the soul, a religion of the closet, a 
religion which he cared not whether the 
world was cognizant of or not, never seek- 
ing to thrust it upon others, or to display 
it as a beautiful, well fitting garment. He 
recognized God as a being to be worshiped, 
to be loved and to be obeyed; and he ac- 
corded to his neighbor the same love that 
he had for himself. He was. however, a 
man of strong convictions, and in religious 
matters those convictions were the result 
of a thorough investigation by a mind well 
equipped, and influenced in its labors only 
by a desire to find out the truth. So ar- 
dent and thorough a student of the Scrip- 
tures as he was, reading them in the lan- 
guages in which they earliest appeared, he 
was fully able to gi\-e a reason for the faith 
that was in him. which was strictly evan- 

In refutation of certain statements and 
specious arguments published with the in- ■ 
tent of proving that the gallons of wine 
made by Christ for free distribution at 
Cana were intoxicating and that He thus 
sanctioned with Divine authority the use 
of alcoholic li(|uors as a beverage, the New- 
ark Daily Advertiser of Saturday, Nov. 27, 
1897, in its leading editorial, said: 

We print to-day a compendium of facts relating to 
the wine Christ made and dranlt, taken from 'The Life 
and Teaching.s of Our Lord." by the late Dr. Abraliam 
Coles, a work that has become a standard authority 
in this country and in Europe." ••••*• 

"Mahomet forbade wine, and Christ made it. The 
difference between Christ and Mahomet was that of 
divine knowledge and human ignorance. Mahomet 
mistook a part for the whole, and with his axe of 
prohibition struck at a branch, supposing It to he the 

trunk. The Omniscient Christ was guilty of no such 
.error. He knew that the bane was manifold, and 
that to single out wine for special prohibition was 

The truth is, Christ forbade nothing. Not but ten 
thousand things are forbidden,— everything hurtful is 
so. Nature forbids, and nature is final. W'hy re-enact 
nature? reaffirm creation? deal in dittoes and deu- 
teronomies? repeat laws established? settle what Was 
never unsettled? Christ left nature as He found it, 
inviolate, unrepealed. His walking on the water did 
not abolish gravitation. Fact was fact the same 
as l>efore; arsenic was arsenic; alcohol was alcohol. 
So far as nature forbade these they were forbidden; 
so far as nature permitted them they were permitted. 
Christ could go no farther than nature and be the 
Lord of nature. Consequently Christ could not have 
forbidden wine absolutely and been God. 

Wine is 'nany and different. There is a kind of 
wine which is not, and another which is, intoxicat- 
ing: that is, has a toxic or poisoning power, for that 
is the meaning of the term. Was the wine Christ 
made the latter? Christ's character is the answer. 
If that says no, it is no; for the wine is to lie judged 
by Christ, not Christ by the wine. Christ we know; 
the wine we do not know. That which best befitted 
Him to make. He undoubtedly made. » « • • Tak- 
ing our stand, therefore, on the immovable rock of 
Christ's character, we risk nothing in saying that the 
wine of miracle answered to the wine of nature, and 
was not Intoxicating. No counter proof can equal the 
force of that drawn from His attributes. It is an in- 
decency and a calumny to impute to Christ conduct 
which requires ai^ology. One thing is certain. He 
did not make fermented wine, for there was no time 
for fermentation. 

In opposition to those who den.v (for what is not 
denied b.v somebody?) that unfermented grape-juice 
is wine at all, we maintain that not only is it wine, 
but wine pre-eminentl.v, the original, the true, as be- 
ing nearest to the parent vine, and overflowing with 
the abundance of its life. Every step of that process 
called fermentation, whereby innocent sugar is con- 
verted into alcohol, is of the nature of a removal and 
eloignment. Wine and vine are etymologically the 
same. The Greeks called the vine "the mother of 
wine" (oinometor). Properly "oinos" is only then the 
child of the vine when vinous and vital it represents 
"the wine of the cluster," "the pure blood of the 
grape," Death follows life, and corruption death, and 
there results a deadly something which men call wine, 
but wrongly, for it is no longer vinous. The vine 
disowns it. It is a corpse, not a living thing. Al- 
cohol is not wine, but an atrocious usurper of its name 
and rights. 

Christ made wine. He was maker, not manufacttu-'er. 
The key-note to the miracle is creation. This alone 
renders it worthy and intelligible. Christ was no 
Demiurge, but God. Not inferior nor different. "The 
Word was with God. and the Word was God." "All 
things were made by Him." It was fitting that He 
should in the outset make this appear; and so He 
did. In a miraculous moment. He did what, in His 
ordinary working in nature. He takes four months 
to do. Such was His debut— an epiphany of Godhead; 
a demonstration to the whole universe that He was 
"over all. God blessed forever." "This beginning of 
miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested 
forth His glory"— giving, in His own Divine Person, 
b.v a new genesis, as "in the beginning" of the world, 
needed practical proof and illustration that God is; 
and that He is one. not two nor many: that He cre- 
ated matter: that nature is from Him; that though He 
exists and operates in nature. He is not nature, but 
a power apart from it and above it, acting upon it 
from without in omnipotent freedom of will, and di- 


i:ssi:.\ cm STY. 

rfctlns it to henellcent ends: that the Cio<l who feetla 
us Is Identical with the God who saves uw.— thus 
sweepliij^ away all the hoary diabolisms of disbelief, 
hearing the names of Atheism. Dualism, Polytheism. 
Materialism. Pantheism and Fatalism. 

It Is assumed, for this view necessitates It. that the 
wine of miracle was the same as the wine of nature, 
the wine of the cluster, holy and life giving, the 
type of all nourishment, and the type of salvation. 
The wine of art Is not this. It represents evil rather 
than good. It is better lilted to typify destruction 
than creation. It is less a making than an unmaking. 
Alcohol is unmade sugar. Men brand It jiolson. The 
Bible furnishes for our warning many examples of 
the evil following Its use. 

Thus far we have limited ourselves to asserting that 
Christ did not make intoxicating wine: whether he 
ever drank It is another question. Here. too. His char- 
acter Is everything.— far more than doubtful philol- 
ogy. Anything He drank must, we know, have been 
a safe and unhurtful beverage, wherein there was no 
"excess." We are not permitted to suppose that the 
Saviour from sin was an example of sin: that He 
who taught self-denial practiced self-indulgence. 
Rather must we believe that every meal he ale was 
a lesson of temperance. He. knowing what Is In man. 
the liability of the best to fall, ceased not to warn 
against a vain self-confidence and a false security. 
"Simon. Simon, behold Satan hath desired to have 
you that he may sift you as wheat; but I have prayed 
for thee that thy faith fall not." • • • • "Pray that 
ye enter not Into temptation." That the wine of com- 
munion was azymous wine, new wine, sweet and 
sacred, made the festal token of a heavenly renewal 
of divine fellowship. Is proved by His own words: "I 
will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine until 
that day when I drink it new (kainon) with you in my 
Father's Kingdom." • • • • 

It Is stated that all points In dispute have their final 
answer In the settlement of the one question.— "Does 
'wine," standing alDne, mean, as Is claimed, only and 
always the Juice of the grape fermented, and never 
the Juice of the grape unfermenled; and was the same 
made and drunk by Christ and used by Him as one 
of the elements of the Last Supper?" The pivot, evi- 
dently on which everything turns, are the words "only 
and always." so that If It can be shown, in a single 
Instance, that the woril "wine," uncoui)led with 
"new," Is clearly used anywhere In the Bible Itt the 
sense of "new wine" or "must." the learning which 
denies It goes for nothing, and the whole argument 
based on that erroneous assumption falls to the 

"Must." as defined In all the dictionaries. Is 'new 
wine.' Beyond all question oinos neos, In Greek, an- 
swers to vinum mustum in Latin, and new wine in 
Knglish. and all refer to the unfermented Juice of the 
grape. In Luther's translation, wherever oinos neos 
occurs In the New Testament. It Is Invariably rendered 
must. Must Is from the Latin mustus. new, fresh, 
with vinum understood, and the Imperial Dictionary 
defines It to be 'new wine, wine pressed from the 
grape, but not fermented." In similar terms it is defined 
In all the languages of P'urope. To say that new wine 
Is not wine, is as absurd as to say that a new bottle 
Is not a bottle. A thing Is known by what It is called. 
It Is mere trifling to say that what has the perpetual 
sanction of the highest literary and scientific authori- 
ties Is unwarranted and incorrect. It is true that it 
Is not wine In the sense of fermented wine, but It Is 
called wine nevertheless: and my purpose Is to pro- 
duce undoubted examples from the New Testament of 
oinos being u.sed In the place and In the sense of oinos 
neos — I. e.. must. 

In Matthew Ix.. 17. we read: "Neither do men put 
new wine (oinon neon) Into old bottles else the bottles 

("old" omitted) break, and the wine (oinos. alone, with 
neos omitted) runneth out.' In the parallel passage 
In Mark II., ■£:, there are the same omission.'* In the 
second clause of the verse. In Luke. It Is 'new wine' 
in both places, thus confirming the identity of the 
two. If oinos neos here means, as is admitted It does, 
must, then oinos inevltahly means must likewise, see- 
ing the two Indisputably refer to one and the same 
thing. When neos (new) was no longer nee.led for 
definition It was dropped and only the general or gen- 
eric term 'Wine.' was retained. It was In obedience 
to the same law of language that the defining adject- 
ives 'old' and 'new' applied to bottles, were dropped 
after they had served their purpose. One only needn 
to omit the specific and defining words to see how 
pointless and all this becomes: 'Neither 
do men put wine Into bottles: else the bottles break 
and the wine runneth out. But they put wine Into 
bottles and both are preserved." 

What now Is wanted to the completeness and ab- 
soluteness of the proof 7 Here we have the Holy Ghost 
for a witness, and a divine example of usus loquendl. 
clearly showing that oinos Is properly used to denote 
the unfermented grape Juice without the qualifying 
epithet neos. as well as with It. The proof Is certain, 
contemporaneous, positive. Inspired and infallible: not 
to be gainsaid or questioned, repeated by two evan- 
gelists and fortified by a third— proof drawn directly 
from the Holy Gospels themselves and Christ's own 
words. We might properly stop here without adding 
a single word. The proof adduced Is of the simplest 
kind, needing for Its full appreciation no learning be- 
yond the ability to spell. Yet so conclusive that I 
cannot doubt that It would be accepted as such by any 
court In Christendom. I for my part would not ask 
to have the title to my own house and grounds sup- 
ported by stronger proof. 

Reference has already been made to that familiar 
principle which governs speech in the use of generic 
and specific terms, of which here we have an excellent 
example. New wine Is expre.ssly named, because the 
similitude pointed at Is based on properties which are 
peculiar to unfermented wine. There are three neces- 
sary factors In the First. A fermentable liquor 
(which excludes, of course, any liquor that has under- 
gone fermentation already): second, the possible pres- 
ence of a ferment liable to be found In old bottles 
(i. e.. bottles previously used), whether made of skins 
or glass or earthenware, for this, by exciting fer- 
mentation In a fermentable liquor, would Inevitably 
give rise to the lll>eratlon of a large quantity of gas, 
which. If confineil. would operate with rending and de- 
structive violence; third, the closure of the bottle, for 
unless closed the gas would escape as soon as gen- 
erated and cause no damage. But as the whole pro- 
cedure avowedly lookeil to the prevention of fermenta- 
tion, and thereby the preservation of the liquor in Its 
unfermented state, the strict closure of the bottle, so 
as to efrecluali.v exclude the atmospheric air. formed 
a necessary part of It. Such was the Jewish method 
employed for preserving must from one vintage to 
another, which dllTers In no essential respect from 
that described by Latin writers— e. g., Cato, the eider, 
who lived two centuries before Christ, and Columella, 
who was contemporary. 

One cannot fall to be struck how verj- remarkably 
the two methods, the Roman and the Jewish, tally. 
Thus another Important point Is establlsheil. that It 
was customary In the time of our Lord to permanent- 
ly preserve the unfermented Juice of the grape. Why 
preserved, imless to be drunk? It Is clear, moreover, 
that this process was so common as to be known to 
everybody, otherwise Christ woulrl not have said, 
virtually. "No man" Is so Incredibly stupid or so Ig- 
norant (seeing the veriest child ought to know better) 
as to put "new wine." a fermentable liquor, In Imme- 



(iiate contact with a ferment if he wishes to preserve 
it. The structure of the whole similitude goes to prove 
that the thing entered into the daily domestic life of 
the people, living in a vine-growing country, and that 
the name of wine was constantly applied to it. 

Nobody who is acquainted with the high value 
of grapes, and grape .iuice as food (grape Juice being 
in this respect little, if at all. inferior to milk itself, 
which chemicall.v it closely resembles) will wonder 
that pains should have been taken to preserve anrl 
^■to^e up a means of subsistence so luxurious and so 

Tlie above article attracted profound and 
widespread interest resulting in extra de- 
mands for the paper, orders therefor rang- 
ing from one hundred to si.x liundred cop- 

The late Dr. Ezra M. Hunt and others 
eminent in their jirofession were, before 
graduation, students of medicine in the of- 
fice of Dr. Coles, who was particular to im- 
press upon the memory of his liearers the 
danger of prescribing for use in the nur- 
sery, hospital and in general practice prep- 
arations containing alcohol or opitmi, af- 
firming that although they produce effects 
that differ, they agree in this that if used 
habitually they alike tend by a law as con- 
stant as gravity itself to establish a tyranny 
compared with which chains, racks, dun- 
geons and whatever else go to make up the 
material apparatus of the most cruel despo- 
tism are as nothing. 

Dr. Coles was not a prohibitionist in its 
political sense, but as a Christian, physician, 
chemist and scientist, he taught and prac- 
ticed total abstinence. In the light of 
history, the power, and the consecjuent re- 
sponsibility of arresting and preventing the 
spread of the plague of intemperance 
would seem to rest, ])rini;irily. with the 
members of the medical, and, secondarily, 
with the members of the clerical, profes- 
sion, inasmuch as without their aid other 
philanthropists liave generally, if not al- 
ways, failed in their efforts to effect anv 
permanent abatement of the ravages of the 

disease, centuries of evidence bearing wit- 
ness to the fact that argument is of little 
or no avail with those who can (juote their 
physician or pastor as their authority for 

In 1888 Dr. Coles put forth a volume of 
more than three hundred and fifty pages, 
entitled "A New Rendering of the Hebrew 
Psalms into English Verse, with notes, 
critical, historical and biographical, includ- 
ing an historical sketch of the French, Eng- 
lish and Scotch metrical versions." 

The New York Tribune, in a lengthy 
critical review of the work, said : "Dr. 
Coles" name on the title page is a sufffcient 
indication of the excellence and thorough- 
ness of the work done. Indeed, Dr. Coles 
has done mucli more than produce a fresh, 
vigorous and harmonious version of the 
Psalms, though this was alone well worth 
doing. His full and scholarly notes on the 
early versions of Clement Marot, Sternhold 
and Hopkins, and others, his sketches of 
eminent persons connected in various ways 
with particular psalins, his literary and bib- 
liographical information, together impart a 
value and interest to this work which 
should insure an extensive circulation for 
it. Very much of the historical and other 
matter thus brought within the reach I'f 
the public is inaccessible to such as ha\c 
not means of access to public libraries. In 
his version of the Psalms he has wisely pre- 
served the rhythmical swing and the terse 
language which distinguish the early ren- 

The Rev. Frederic W. Farrar, D. D., F. 
R. S., chaplain in ordinary to the queen, in 
a letter to Dr. Coles, said : "The task of 
versifying the Psalms was too much, even 
for Milton, but you have attempted it with 
seriousness and with as much success as 


i:ssi:\ <<n \T). 


seems to be possible. I was nuicli inter- 
ested in your introduction." 

S. W. Kershaw. F. T. A., the Hbrarian 
uf the Lambeth Palace Library, London, 
iCnyland. also writes to Dr. Coles: "I am 
},'reatly interested in the introduction, in 
reading about the psalms of Clement 
Marot. and in the allusion to the Hugue- 

On the scroll in the hand of the beauti- 
ful symbolical figure of Poetry, by J. O. A. 

• nniis from hip rhnmhcr richly clrost. 
An athlcif stronic ami full of grace, 
AikI K'a'l lo run the heavenly race, — 
Completes his round with tireless feet. 
Ami naught Is hidden from his heat. 

But. Nature's book sums not the whole: 
God's perfect law converts the soul; 
His sure unerrlnu word supplies 
The means to make the simple wise; 
His precepts are divinely right. 
An Inspiration and delight: 
His pure commandment makes all clear. 
Clean and enduring In His fear. 

The Judgments of the Lord are true. 
And righteous wholly, through and through; 
More to be coveted than gold. 
Of higher worth a thousand fold; 


Ward, in the Library of Congress, at 
Washington, the artist has memorialized 
Dr. Coles" version of Psalm xix.. which is 
as follows : 

The rolling skies with lips of (lame 
Their Maker's power and skill proclaim: 
Day speaks to day. and night to night 
Shows knowledge writ In beams of light. 
And though no voice, no spoken word 
Can by the outward ear be heard. 
The witness of a traveling sound 
Reverberates the world around. 

In the bright east with gold enriched 
He for the sun a tent has pitched. 
That, like a bridegroom after rest, 


More sweet than sweetest honey far. 
Th' unfoldlngs of their sweetness are; 
They warn Thy servant, and they guard; 
In keeping them there's great reward. 

Who can his errors understand? 

My secr*'t faults are as the sand: 

From these me cleanse, make pure within. 

And keep me from presumptuous sin; 

Lest sin me rule and fetter fast. 

And I unpardoned die at last. 

My words and meditation be 

O Lord, my Rock, approved of Thee. 

During his travels abroad. Dr. Coles had 
been greatly impressed with the private 
and public parks of Europe, and as early as 
1862 inaugurated a unique project of land- 



scape gardening upon seventeen acres of 
his ancestral farm, at Scotch Plains, New- 
Jersey, converting it into a park of rare 
and enchanting beauty. It was adorned 
with native groves, every attainable choice 
variety of tree and shrub, with imported 
statuary, garden and lawn effects. It was 
named "Deerhurst," from its herd of deer. 
Here he had his library and study, built of 
brick, stone, foreign and native woods, 
memorable alike for its architectural beau- 
ty, its "easy-chair," its works of art, and as 
the rendezvous of distinguished guests. 
Here the Doctor spent the last thirty years 
of his life, with his son and daughter as 
constant associates, the latter gracefully 
presiding over their father's establishment, 
among literary and professional friends. 
While on a visit with his son and daugh- 
ter to California, Dr. Coles died suddenly, 
May 3, 1891, from heart complication, re- 
sulting from an attack of la grippe. At 
the time of his decease his life and works 
were extensively commented upon by the 
press, secular and .religious. Appreciatory 
letters w-ere received by his family from the 
Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, 
England; from the Royal Society, London; 
from the Academic des Sciences, Paris; 
from the home of Tennyson, Isle of Wight; 
from the Executive Mansion, Washington, 
D. C, etc., etc. The funeral services were 
held in Newark, New Jersey, — the private 
services at the home of his married life, on 
Market street, and the public services in the 
Peddie Memorial church, its pastor, the 
Rev. Dr. William W. Boyd, presiding. 
The Rev. Dr. Philip Schaff, by reason of 
the serious illness of his son, was prevented 
from preaching the funeral sermon. An 
address, by Rev. Charles F. Deems, D. D., 
of New York, was preceded by prayer by 

the Rev. Dr. Robert Lowry, and the sing- 
ing of Dr. Coles' hymns, "Ever with 
Thee," and "All the Days." An address, 
by George Dana Boardman, D. D., was 
followed by the singing of Dr. Coles' trans- 
lation of St. Bernard of Clairvaux's hymn, 
"Jesu Dulcis Memoria." 

The memory of Jesus' name 

Is past expression sweet; 
At each dear mention, hearts aflame 

With quicker pulses beat. 

But sweet, above all sweetest things 

Creation can afford, 
That sweetness which His presence bring 

The vision of the Lord. 

Sweeter than His dear Name is nought; 

None, worthier of laud. 
Was ever sung, or heard, or thought. 

Than Jesus, Son of God. 

Thou hope to those of contrite heart! 

To those who aslt, how kind! 
To those who seek how good Thou art! 

But what to those who find? 

No heart is able to conceive. 

Nor tongue nor pen express; 
Who tries it only can belie\'e 

How choice that blessedness! 

The New Jersey Historical Society at- 
tended in a body. James Russell Lowell, 
in a sympathetic note, one of the last he 
wrote, said; "I regret very much I can- 
not share in the sad function of pallbearer, 
l)ut my health will not permit it." The pall- 
bearers were : Vice-Chancellor Abram V. 
Van Fleet, Judge David A. Depue, e.x- 
Chancellor Theodore Runyon, Hon. Amzi 
Dodd, Hon. Thomas N. McCarter, Hon. 
Cortlandt Parker, Hon. A. Q. Keasbey, 
Hon. Frederick W. Ricord, Noah Brooks, 
Alexander H. Ritchie, Spencer Goble, 
James W. Schoch, William Rankin, 
Charles Kyte, Edmund C. Stedman, Dr. 
Ezra M. Hunt, Dr. A. W. Rogers, Dr. S. 
H. Pennington, Dr. B. L. Dodd, Dr. J. C. 
Young and Dr. T. H. Tomlinson. His 

EssFix (ofyTy. 


body was laid to rest by the side of that of 
his wife, in Willow Grove Cemetery, New 
Brunswick, New Jersey. 

"Dr. Coles' style," says Ezra M. Hunt, 
M. !)., Sc. D., LL. D.. "has individuality 
as much as that of Samuel Johnson or 
Thomas Carlyle. One certainly sees how 
thoughts sublime find expression in terse 
ami stately sentences, and how words are 
chosen, such as come out of the depth of 
inspiration and genius. There is not con- 
formity to the style of any favorite author, 
or to the modes of thought of any favorite 
logician, but a forging of weighty words 
wrought out from the depth of quiet inner 
feelings and conceptions." "Dr. Coles' re- 
searches," says Edmund C. Stedman. 
"made so lovingly and conscientiously in 
the special field of his poetic scholarship, 
have given him a distinct and most envi- 
able position among American authors. 
W'e of the younger sort learn a lesson of 
reverent humility from the pure enthusi- 
asm with which he approaches and handles 
his noble themes. The 'tone' of all his 
works is perfect. He is so thoroughly in 
sympathy with his subjects that the lay 
reader instantly shares his feeling; and 
there is a kind of white light pervading the 
whole prose aiul verse which at any lime 
tranquilizes and purifies the mind." 

Noah Brooks, LI^. D., author and eili- 
tor. said : "Dr. Coles, although playful 
and mirthful in some phases of his disposi- 
tion, was never trivial, and the most of his 
work which he has left us is an indication 
of the seriousness, even solemnity, with 
which he regarded human existence, its 
necessities, its responsibilities, and its fu- 
tiire. He had no time to devote any part 
of his conmianding talents to daintiness or 
superficialities. "Christ and His Cross are 

all my theme' was evidently his maxim in 
life. His poetry was suffused with love 
and admiration of Christ's character and at- 
tributes, and he never saw man without be- 
holding in him the image of the Master." 

Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, speaking of 
Dr. Coles, says: "I have always consid- 
ered it a great privilege to enjoy the friend- 
ship of so pure and lofty a spirit, — a man 
who seemed to breathe holiness as his na- 
tive atmosphere, and to carry its influences 
into his daily life." As regards his writ- 
ings, he says : "There was no line which, 
dying, he could have wished to blot, and 
there was no line which the purest of God's 
angels, looking over his shoulder, would 
not have looked upon approvingly. * * 
* His memory will long be cherished as 
one of our truest and sweetest singers." 

In addition to his published works. Dr. 
Coles left, at his death, in manuscript, 
translations of the whole of Bernard of 
Clairvaux's "Address to the Various Mem- 
I)ers of Christ's Body Hanging on the 
Cross;" the whole of Hildebert's "Address 
to the Three Persons of the Most Holy 
Trinity;" selections from the Greek and 
Latin classics, and various writings on liter- 
arv, medical and scientific subjects. 

The titles of Dr. Coles were: A. M., 
from Rutgers College; Ph. D., from Lewis- 
burg (now Bucknell) University, Pennsyl- 
vania; and LL. D., conferred in 1871, by 
the College of New Jersey at Princeton. 

"In the presence of several thousand 
people, an heroic bronze bust of the late 
Dr. Abraham Coles, by John Quincy Ad- 
ams Ward, with its valuable and unique 
pedestal." says the New York Herald, 
"was formally unveiled in the city of New- 
ark. New Jersey, July 5, 1897. 

"In deference to Mr. Ward's correct. 


classical taste, a bust of Dr. Coles was de- 
cided upon in preference to a full-length 
statue. The base of the bust represents 
two large folio volumes, bearing the titles 
of the published works of Dr. Coles. These 
rest upon the capstone of the pedestal, con- 
sisting of a monolith from the Mount of 
Olives, which, in turn, rests on one from 
Jerusalem, beneath which are two from 
Nazareth of Galilee, resting on two stones 
from Bethlehem of Judea. 

"The stones are highly polished on three 
sides, and are very beautiful. This is es- 
pecially true of the monolith from Solo- 
mon's quarry, under Jerusalem, believed to 
be like unto those used in the construction 
of the Temple, and to which Christ's atten- 
tion was called by one of His disciples, as 
He went out of the Temple on His way to 
the ]\Iount of Olives. (Mark, xiii., i). The 
fourth side, or back of each stone, has, for 
geological reasons, been left rough, as it 
came from the hands of the Judean or Gali- 
lean workmen. 

"The foundation stone is a huge bowlder 
of about seven tons weight, brought from 
Plymouth, Massachusetts, the homeland of 
the Pilgrim Fathers; combined with this is 
a portion of one of the monoliths of Che- 
ops, the great pyramid of Egypt. The 
memorial is surrounded by monoliths of 
Ouincy, Massachusetts, granite, each four- 
teen feet long, bolted into corner stone 
posts, quarried not far from Mount Tabor, 
nigh unto Tiberias and the Sea of Galilee. 

"Cast in solid bronze on the front of the 
pedestal is a copy of Dr. Coles' well known 
national song of praise, 'The Rock of 
Ages,' while riveted to Plymouth rock is a 
solid bronze tablet containing an oft-re- 
peated extract from a treatise by Dr. Coles 
on law in its relation to Christianity. 

"The song inscribed on the bronze tablet 
is as follows: 


(Isaiah sxvi., 4.) 

A National Song of Praise. 

Let us to Jeliovah raise 
Glad and grateful songs of praise! 
Let the people with one voice, 
In the Lord their God rejoice! 
For His mercy standeth fast. 
And from age to age doth last. 

He. across untraversed seas. 
Guided first the Genoese. 
Here prepared a dwelling-place 
For a freedom-loving race; 
For His mercy standeth fast, 
And from age to age doth last. 

Filled the land the red man trod 
With the worshipers of God; 
When Oppression forged the chain 
Nerved their hands to rend in twain. 
For His mercy standeth fast, 
And from age to age doth last. 

Gave them courage to declare 
What to do and what to dare; 
Made them victors over wrong 
In the battle with the strong. 
For His mercy standeth fast. 
And from age to age doth last. 

'Midst the terror of the fight. 
Kept them steadfast in the right; 
Taught their Statesmen how to plan 
To conserve the Rights of Man; 
For His mercy standeth fast, 
And from age to age doth last. 

Needful skill and wisdom lent 
To establish Government; 
Laid foundations resting still 
On the granite of His will; 
For His mercy standeth fast. 
And from age to age doth last. 

Wiped the scandal and the sin 
From the color of the skin; 
Now o*er all. from sea to sea, 
Floats the Banner of the Free; 
For His mercy standeth fast. 
And from age to age doth last. 

Praise the Lord for freedom won 
And the Gospel of His Son; 
Praise the Lord, His name adore 
All ye people, ever more! 
For His mercy standeth fast. 
And from age to age doth last. 

Abraham Coles, July 4, 1876. 

"The tablet on the Plymouth rock reads 
as follows: 

" 'The State, although it does not formu- 
late its faith, is distinctively Christian. 

i:ssi:x cor. Ml 

Christianity, general, tolerant Christianity, 
is a part of the law of the land. Reverence 
for law is indissolubly interwoven with rev- 
erence for God. The State accepts the 
Decalogue, and builds upon it. As right 
presupposes a standard, it assumes that 
this is such a standard, divinely given and 
accepted by all Christendom; that it under- 
lies all civil society, is the foundation of the 
foundation, is lower than all and higher 
than all; commends itself to reason, speaks 
with authority to the qonscience; vindicates 
itself in all government, giving it stability 
and exalting it in righteousness. — Abra- 
ham Coles, Memorial Volume, p. xxxvi.' " 

The stones of Palestine were secured 
through the agency of the Rev. Edwin T. 
Wallace. A. M.. our consul at Jerusalem. 

The foundation bed is composed of 
Palestine. Egyptian and Newark broken 
stone, bound together with Egyptian ce- 
ment, taken from the Pyramid of Cheops, 
mixed with American cement. Imbedded 
beneath the stones are a copy of the Bible; 
a complete list of the passengers of the 
Mayflower, with a sketch of their lives, 
from the Boston Transcript; the Declara- 
tion of Independence, with the signers 
thereof; the Constitution of the United 
States of America; a list of the Sons and 
Daughters of the American Revolution; 
the new constitution and list of members 
of the Xew Jersey Historical Society; list of 
the members of the American Medi- 
cal Association; all the published works 
of Dr. Abraham Coles; some water 
taken from the Dead Sea by Dr. Coles; a 
stone ornament from C.-esar's palace at 
Rome, and other objects of local, state an<I 
national interest. Mindful of the services 
renderetl the state by the late Dr. Abraham 
Coles. Dr. T. .\. Coles, in a letter, dated 

June i6th, to the lion. John W. Griggs, 
governor of New Jersey, had offered to 
give the bronze and its pedestal to the 
state, provided it could be located at New- 

The Governor, in a friendly reply, and at 
a subsequent personal interview, explained 
to Dr. Coles, that, if given to the state, the 
memorial would, like the Doctor's recent 
gift of the famous painting of "The Good 
Samaritan," by Daniel Huntington, have 
to be located at Trenton, in order that the 
state might have the care and custody of 
the same, which it would not have if placed 
in the city of Newark. It being, therefore, 
left to Dr. Coles to choose between Tren- 
ton and Newark for the location of his gift, 
he decided in favor of his native city. 

"That the unveiling might occur on July 
5th, the Newark board of works," says the 
New York Tribune, "held a special meet- 
ing on June 22d, to consider the matter. 
The letter written by Dr. J. Ackerman 
Coles to Mayor Seymour, proffering the 
bronze bust of the late Dr. Abraham Coles, 
by J. Q. A. Ward, and its pedestal, to the 
city of Newark, was read, as was the 
mayor's communication on the subject. 
Commissioner Van Duyne then offered a 
resolution that the gift be accepted, and 
tiiat Dr. Coles be authorized to place the 
same in Washington Park. The resolu- 
tion was unanimously adopted." 

The 4th of July occurring on Sunday, 
twenty thousand copies of a little book, 
consisting of patriotic songs, by the late 
Dr. Abraham Coles, set to music, were pre- 
\iously printed and given to the school 
children throughout the city; these were 
used in the Sunday schools and churches 
on July 4th. anfl on the occasion of the un- 
\eiling of the bronze. 


"On the afternoon of July 5th, Mayor 
Seymour presiding, the exercises in Wash- 
ington Park were begun," says the Newark 
Daily Advertiser, "by the band playing and 
the large assemblage singing Dr. Coles' na- 
tional hymn, "My Native Land,' the music 
being under the direction of John C. Day, 
of St. Luke's Methodist Episcopal church. 
Letters were received from President and 
Mrs. William McKinley, executive man- 
sion, Washington. D. C; from Vice-Presi- 
dent Garret A. Hobart, president of the 
United States senate; from Governor John 
W. Griggs, of New Jersey; from Bishop 
John H. Vincent, chancellor of Chautau- 
qua University, and from others prominent 
in political and literary circles." 

After prayer by the Rev. Dr. Robert 
Lowry, the large American flag surround- 
ing the bronze bust and its pedestal was un- 
furled by President William A. Gay, of the 
board of education, revealing, amid hearty 
cheers, the benignant and classical features 
of the late Dr. Abraham Coles. 

Dr. Jonathan Ackerman Coles, the 
donor, then made the address of presenta- 
tion. "In recognition and appreciation." 
said Dr. Coles, "of the bond of fellowship 
that existed between the people of Newark 
and my father, the late Dr. Abraham Coles, 
on account of his active efforts in the pro- 
motion of the physical, religious, educa- 
tional and scientific development of this 
city, it is with civic pride and pleasure I 
now present to your Honor the pedestal 
and bronze just unveiled by the president 
of the board of education, — an historic 
memorial different and distinctive from 
that possessed by any other city or nation, 
and, in editorial language, 'in harmony 
with the life career of the physician and 
scholar it commemorates.' " 

The statue was formally accepted on be- 
half of the city by Mayor James M. Sey- 
mour. The Mayor said : 

On behalf of the people of this city it grives me 
great pleasure to accept from our respected fellow citi- 
zen. Dr. J. Ackerman Coles, this fine memorial of that 
distinguished gentleman. Dr. Abraham Coles. Noth- 
ing could be more appropriate on this spot, apposite 
our new free public library, than this bust. 

Dr. Coles was one of America's greatest scholars. 
His cultured mind roamed through many fields and 
gave to the world some of its choicest treasures in lit- 
erature, poetry and art. He was a scholar, a statesman, 
and a physician. He found time in his busy life to do 
and know many things, and do and know each better 
than most men know one. When on yonder plot of 
ground our new building shall have been erected and 
stored with the learning of all lands, there will stand 
in proximity an invitation and an object lesson to the- 
youth of our city; yonder the offer of intellectual 
wealth; here a monument to its attainment; there 
the seeds of knowledge; here the emblem of its 

Dr. Coles spent the greater part of his life in New- 
ark. Here were his friends, of whom I am proud to 
have been one, his home and his family. His books 
and writings are known and read over all the world, 
but here we knew the pleasant, courteous, kind-heart- 
ed gentleman. His personality is still so fresh and 
strong in my remembrance that in offering this verbal 
testimony to his fame. I cannot forget that, like many 
other great men in all ages, he was greatest in meek- 
ness, charity and kindness of heart. 

It is eminently fitting that this memorial should he 
surrounded by and mounted upon these tokens indica- 
tive of the bent of his mind. His predilections from 
his youth were toward religion, and whether engaged 
in the relief of his fellow men. through the medium of 
medicine, or surgery, penning those beautiful lines 
■•Rock of Ages." or delving among the dead tongues of 
bygone days, it is easy to find in all his work a pre- 
dominating desire to serve, as best he knew how, his 

On behalf of the city of Newark I accept this bust, 
and though it cannot last as long as the memory of 
him whom it memorializes, let us hope that while it 
stands here in this public park it will have a wide- 
spread influence upon our young men, and incite them 
to emulate Dr. Coles' useful, studious, earnest life. 

In accepting the statue on behalf of the 
board of works. President Stainsby said : 

There is little that I need say at this time. It is 
a pleasure to commend both the filial and public spirit 
which prompted this donor. The men of means of 
Newark have not hitherto permitted their public spirit 
to take shape for the beautiflcation of the city. With 
good streets and elaborate parks should come beauti- 
fying statuary, and all that speaks for culture and 
pride in our public men and the perpetuation of objects 
of interest 'n our city. 

In this park now stand two monuments: One speaks 
for the foundry and the mechanic, the foundation of 
this city's strength. The other speaks of the profes- 
sional man and the man of literature, made possible 
by our material greatness. The foundation stone will 
recall to all passers the sterling worth and fixity of 
principles of the Puritan fathers, and the superstruc- 
ture hearing the bust will bring to our minds the reli- 
gious in man, and both will be found typified in the 
life and character of Ur. Coles. 



Mr. Stainshy was followed by the Rev. 
Dr. A. H. Tuttle, who delivered a review 
of the works of "Abrahani Coles, the Phy- 
sician-Poet." Dr. Tuttle said: 

Dr. Abraham roles !.•< called the physlclan-poet. not 
because he Is the only one of his profession who has 
put great thouKhts Into Immortal verse, but because 
of a single work In which he has sung, with genuine 
poetic genius, of the organs and functions of the 
human body. 

"Man, the Microcosm." is a perilous theme for a 
poet. It awakens the sclentltlc rather than the poetic 
faculty. Nothing of the kind had appeared before in 
our speech. Armstrong's "The Art of Preserving 
Health." published over one hundred and Hfty years 
ago, can hardly be called an exception. Only one with 
the daring of Lucretius and the genius of Pope, both 
of whom in many resi)ects the Doctor resembled, could 
so set scientific and philosophic facts as to make them 
sensitive to Ihe breath of the 

Usually sclentillc accuracy is the death of poetry. 
Darwin laments that he, who. in the beginning of his 
studies, took the greatest pleasure In Shakespeare, in 
later years lost all relish for the great dramatist. On 
the other hand, a glowing Imagination Is apt to wing 
its flight beyond the sphere of proven facts which ac- 
curate science demands. 

But this poem, which is an address delivered before 
the Medical Society of the Slate of New Jersey, 
illumes the theme of a learned profession with the 
sacred speech of Polyhymnia. It at once commanded 
the attention and commendation of both physicians 
and artists: and from the time of its delivery Its 
author has been known as the physician-poet. 

This characterization, however, does not do him jus- 
tice. We might with equal inaccuracy speak of David 
as the "warrior-psalmist." because the divine bard 
was a soldier and sometimes sang of war. 

"The Microcosm" is but one of the many products of 
Dr. Coles' lyre, and the spirit that breathes here, 
as in them ail. is not anatomy, but divinity. Correct 
as Is his science, this is the spirit that pervades his 

"For such as this, did actually enshrine 

Thy gracious Godhead once, when thou didst make 

Thyself Incarnate, for my sinful sake. 

Thou who hast done so very much for me. 

let me do some humble thing for Thee! 

1 would to every organ give a tongue. 
That Thy high praises may be fitly sung; 
Approiirlate ministries assign to each. 
The least make vocal. eloc|uent to teach." 

Though the learning is that of the physician, the 
language and the spirit are those of a seraph. We 
must place our author among the sacred poets. 

We cannot pause to consider at length the perplex- 
ing question. What Is sacred poetry? We are among 
those who believe in the sanctity of the art. altogether 
aside from the theme In which It Is employed. It is the 
voice of the soul's Innermost life, expressing Itself In 
form of creative speech, which kindles the feeling 
while it carries the thought. To turn such a gift to 
unholy uses Is like turning the language of prayer 
Into profanity. But in order to fix our author's place 
In the sacred choir, we accept the common thought 
that sacred poetry Is that which treats of sacred 

It may be epic, as In Job and Milton, or dramatic, 
as in the Song of Solomon and Bach's "Passion." or 
lyric, as in all the Psalms and hymns. 

The most copious of our sacred poetry Is the lyric. 
It is distinguished from others not by Its metrical 
forms, nor altogether by the material it fashions, but 
by its personal thought or passion and its easy adap- 
tation to song. 

There are four distinct grades of lyric poetry by 
which the rank of the poet is determined. The first 
is what we may call the natural, and is characterized 
by the outburst of Impassioned personal experience; 
the second is artistic, and Is distinguished by the ex- 
quisite finish of Its structure: the third Is didactic, 
and is differentiated by Its aim, which Is to teach cer- 
tain truths and facts. There are doubtless poets of 
high merit In this cla«s. but Its dominant motive Is 
sure to give It the air of the school room, and these 
lyrics are often only doctrine In rhyme. The fourth 
class is the liturgical. It is arranged for a service 
already prepared, and Is set to music already com- 
posed. It is usually characterized by poverty of ideas, 
wearisome repetitions and a fatal lack of passion. 

The foremost poet of the natural order is David, the 
creator of the Hebrew lyric, who. at the very begin- 
ning, gave to the world the very finest specimens of 
the art. There is in all his songs a spontaneous out- 
pouring of the passion of the moment. Every creation 
only Images the soul of the poet, and his utterance 
is an elegy or an idyl, according a.s he Is grave or gay. 
To this class belong also many of the old l>atin hymns, 
as those of Thomas of Celano: Bernard of Clairvaux, 
and Francis Xavier, They utter the soul's innermost 

.Measured by this standard. Isaac 'Watts and Charles 
Wesley are highest In the first rank of English hymn- 
Ists. The doctrines of .saving truth had become veri- 
ties in their experience: and they poured them out in 
rushing torrents of song. Their hymns are their own 
souls' biography. 

Dr. Coles has written more than fifty original poems, 
many of which merit a place high In the first class 
of lyrics. Some of them have the Intuition, the pas- 
sion, the imagery which remind us of Cowper. 

In a poem entitled "Prayer in Affliction." he de- 
scribes himself as Itowed In sorrow In his home, made 
desolate by the death of his wife. But In his grief 
his faith discovers the promise of good out of ill. Then 
he cries: 

"O. that my smitten heart may gush 

.Melodious praise— like as when o'er 
-■V:ollan harp strings wild winds rush. 

And all abroad, sad music pour. 
So sweet. Heaven's minstrelsy might hush 

Brief time to listen, for I know. 
The hand that doth my comforts crush. 

Builds bliss upon the base of woe." 

The whole poem is wondrously suggestive of the 
genius of him who wrote the Immortal, "My Mother." 

Some of his hymns throb with a spirit so akin to 
that of the matchless Wesley that we could readily 
believe they came from the Methodist's pen. Such Is 
the following: 

"I'pon His bosom thus to rest. 
I cannot ask to be more blest: 
To know my sins are all forgiven. 
For Jesus' sake. O, this Is heaven. 

■While I love Him and He loves me, 
I care no other heaven to see: 
And If there be some higher bliss, 
I am content while I have this." 

But the Doctor did not devote his strength to the 
product of original hymns. He deliberately chose to 
turn masterpieces of ancient tongues Into English 


L'.S.SEX ('01 STY. 

verse. Accordingly we are compelled to rank him in 
the second order of lyrists. He is "a poet of culture," 
whose aim is perfect, artistic expression. 

What determined his choice was partly his scholar- 
ship, partly his intensely spiritual nature, ami i>artl>- 

The \astness of his learning gave him such ample 
material for his verse that his poetic passion made no 
imperious call for the invention of the intuitive 

We cannot think of him as we do of Burns, walking 

Washington Park, Newark, N. J. 

the elegant refinement in which he was horn and lived. 
His learning was varied and accurate. He was a 
recOKUized authority In his profession, an accomplished 
linguist, a master of the classic and Sanskrit tongues, 
and a critical writer on the profoundest theological 

out under the stars, writhing in pain for some ade- 
quate form in which to emljody the tumultuous pas- 
sion he must express. He had but to lift his eyes, and 
select from his calm, wide vision the form he needed. 
Had he been an unlettered peasant, the poetic gift 
would probably have travailed in birlh of song, which 


would have come forth In varied and original Imagery. 
His poems would have shouted and danced lll<e the 
Psalms of the Maccabees. But wealth of advantage Is 
oftentimes poverty of invention. 

As It was, his Imagination was constructive rather 
than creative. lis Images are more remarkable for 
their exquisite Hnish than for the original Ijoldness of 
their conception. It was a fortunate tiling for the 
world, and probably for the fame of our author, that 
he devoted his superb gift to rendering the best of 
the Hebrew and classic lyrics Into English verse. He 
Is not alone among the seraphs who have made the 
attempt, but Is conspicuous In this goodly company as 
the recognized chief. 

Others have copied the ancient masterpieces with 
wonderful accuracy, but in most instances have failed 
to reproduce that indescribable charm that gives to a 
poem Its chief value. The spirit that breathes cannot 
be made to order. It must be born again. Otherwise 
the poem is a corpse. Dr. Coles has not used his art 
to exhume mummies. In his verses we have the living 
voices of the old-time singers. 

As Corot caught the varying movement of the trem- 
bling foliage In the deepening twilight, and so placed It 
on his canvas that one can almost see the shadows 
lengthening and hear the rustling of the leaves, so our 
poet has reproduced the very soul of the Hebrew and 
Latin verses. They are not versified translations— 
they are regenerations. They are not wrought from 
without, but from within. Hence they retain that In- 
estimable something that gives to a poem Its Immor- 

As a single Illustration, we name his "Dies Iroe," 
eighteen versions of which come from the strings of 
his restless lyre. This sublimest masterpiece of sacred 
Latin poetry and noblest Judgment hymn of all lan- 
guages has, through many ages, been inviting gifted 
tongues to voice Its majestic solemnities In English 

More than thirty have had the temerity to respond. 
Among them are Earl Roscommon. Sir Walter Scott, 
Lord Macaulay, Archbishop Trench and General Dlx, 
some of whom have given renditions of considerable 
merit. But among them all. Dr. Coles wears the green- 
est laurels. Competent critics, like Dr. Philip Schaft 
and John G. Whittler, unite In afflrmlng that no man, 
dead or living, has succeeded so well In rendering the 
text and spirit of the wonderful hymn. 

The doctor's baton has made our speech throb with 
the ancient rhythm and reproduced In astonishing 
degree the characteristic features of the original. 

Here are Its artless simplicity, its Impassioned sol- 
emnity. Us trumi>et-like cadences wlilch appall the 
soul with woeful terrors; its triple rhyme which "beats 
the breast like a hammer," and gives it an awful music 
of Its own. making the heart shudder with dread ap- 
prehension. And in ail this quivering of judgment- 
terror there breathes the thtense Christian spirit of 
the original, which finds Its strongest utterance In the 

"Jesus kind, do not refuse mcl 
O, remember Thou didst choose mel 
Lest Thou on that day shall lose me, 
Seeking me Thy tired feet bore Thee, 
Cruel nails for my sake tore Thee, 
Let all fail not, I implore Thee." 

With equal skill he has put in English verse, hymns 
from Thomas of Celano, Fortunatus, St. Bernard of 
Cluny, St. Bernard of Clairvaux, and others, together 
with many selections from the Greek and Latin 

It was natural for one with our poet's deeply spirit- 
ual life to turn with special fondness to those fountains 
of sacred song that spring from the Hebrew Psalter. 

There rather than at Helicon the voice of his Muse was 
hearil. He was himself a careful student of the 
Orient and familiar with the Hebrew tongue. 

He i^elleved that the life of the past was better ex- 
Ijresscd and preserved in Its song than in its history,— 
that the inspiration of the P.salms was not merely 
poetic, but really and truly divine. He also believed 
that the much praised antlphonal parallelism which 
Herder describes as "that language of the heart which 
has never said ail, but ever has something more to 
say," Is not adapted to the Saxon genius or knowledge. 
If then, while he translates the Hebrew Into English, 
he also translates the ancient antlphonal into modern 
meter, he brings the divine soul of the psalm in liv- 
ing presence before us. The correctness of his view 
has been often demonstrated. Clement Marofs metric- 
al version of the Psalms proved to be a potent factor 
In the French Reformation. There are few things that 
have told so mightily on the Scotch character as 
Rouse's version. It is asserted that In the time of the 
Reformation, psalm-singers and heretics became al- 
most Identical terms. It Is an interesting fact, if It be 
true, as stated, that such was the value our Puritan 
forefathers placed on psalms in meter, that this was 
the title of the first book printed In New England. 

The Church, however, has in a large measure ceased 
the use of metrical psalms in public worship. This Is 
due partly to the evolution of the English hymn, under 
the Inspiration of Watts and his successors: partly to 
the vitiated taste occasioned by the of Jingling 
ditties, and partly to the poor quality of many of 
the meterlzed psalms, which are in reality only 
mechanical paraphrases. 

■ We believe that If Dr. Coles' thought can only be 
adequately realized. If accurate translation can bo 
wediled to genuine poetry and set to filling music. 
It will be a boon to the Church, which Is now so sadly 
agitated with the question of the choral features of 
Its service. We will not ainrni that In his version of 
the Psalms he has in every instance satisfied either 
the critic's eye, or the Christian's heart. 

Even the wings of Jove's bird sometimes grew weary. 
The peerless Milton often stumbled in his meter. Are 
Da\'ld's own Psalms equal? 

But the Doctor has given us a noble volume, which, 
aside from the other products of his pen. will place his 
name on the walls of "the Immortals." And If psalm- 
singing never again becomes general in the home 
and In the Church, this rich collection will abide as a 
most helpful Interpreter of the heavenly meanings of 
the Hebrew songs. 

We can barely speak of one other work which this 
poet lived to complete.— the rendering of the Gospel In 
verse. To some souls the whole Christian life Is a 
poem— the Gospel Is music Itself. 

But h? is a l>rave man who attempts to sing it all. 
Samuel Wesley, the father of John and Charles, made 
the daring effort to versify the Gospels. It was both 
a literary and financial failure. 

With what Dr. Coles has made a similar 
effort. It remains for the coming generations to declare. 
In the meanwhile, we listen to the Judgment of the 
Right Honorable John Bright, of England, who says: 

"When I began your volume I thought you had at- 
tempted to gild the refined gold, and would fall: as I 
proceeded In my reading that idea gradually disap- 
peared, and I dl3covere<l that you liad brought the re- 
fined gold together in a manner convenient and useful, 
and deeply Interesting. I have read the volume with 
all Its notes, many of which seem to me of great 
value. I could envy you the learning and the Industry 
that have enabled you to produce this remarkable 
work. I hope it may have readers In all countries 
where our language Is spoken." 

One who consecrates his genius to echoing the 
thoughts and spirit of the peerless Intellects of the 



past is not apt to command popular affection. Tliere 
are few Platos and Boswells whose names appear on 
the scroll of immortality. But if ever that ambition 
enticed the heart of our author, he can sleep tran- 
quilly on the pillow of his deathless work. 

Only six years ago, at the age of 78, he descended 
to the tomb. Already his hymns have been placed in 
many hymnals. His Greek and Latin translations are 
ranked by critics the very foremost. His psalms and 
gospels occupy an honored place in every great library 
of Europe and America. 

As the years separate us wider and ever wider from 
those great productive periods of sacred song, which 
made glad the ages past, more and more will the com- 
ing generations feel the need of Dr. Abraham Coles' 
rich echoes. 

After the benediction by the Rev. Dr. D. 
J. Yerkes, there was more music. In the 
words of the New York Observer, "the 
whole occasion was a delightful tribute of 
honor to the memory of a noble man." 


only son of Abraham and Caroline E. 
Coles, was born in Newark, New Jersey, 
May 6, 1843, in his homestead building, 
No. 222 Market street, purchased by his 
father in 1842, and rendered historic by 
reason of its having, by its brick construc- 
tion, stopped the spread of the great fire 
of 1836. He was prepared for college at 
the collegiate school of Forest & Quack- 
enho.s, in New York city, where he was 
awarded the prizes for proficiency in rhet- 
oric and German. In i860 he entered the 
freshman class of Columbia College, New 
York. In his senior year, by the unani- 
mous decision of Professor Charles Davies, 
Professor Murray Nairne, and Professor 
William G. Peck, he received the Philo- 
lexian prize for the best essay. He gradu- 
ated in 1864, and in 1867 received the de- 
gree of A. M. 

After graduation he began the study of 
medicine and surgery in the office of his 
fatiuT, ill Newark, New Jersey, and, after 

matriculating at the College of Physicians, 
and Surgeons, in New York city, entered,, 
as a student of medicine, the office of Pro- 
fessor T. Gaillard Thomas. At the annual 
commencement of the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons in 1867, he received, 
from Professor Alonzo Clark, the Harzeii 
prize for the best written report of clinical 
instruction given during the year in the 
medical and surgical wards of the New 
York hospital. He graduated with honor 
in 1868, and after serving in the New York, 
P>ellevue, and Charity hospitals, opened an 
office in the city of New York, becoming a 
member of the New York Academy of 
Medicine and the New York County Medi- 
cal Society. 

The years 1877 and 1878, he spent for 
the most part in Europe, attending lectures 
and clinics at the universities of London, 
Edinburgh, Paris, Heidelberg, Berlin, and 
Vienna. While at Edinburgh he was the 
guest of Professor Simpson. At Paris, he 
was the guest of his father's friend and col- 
lege classmate. Dr. J. Marion Sims. At 
Munich, Bavaria, in company with Dr. 
Sims, he attended the meetings of the In- 
ternational Medical Congress, and, by invi- 
tation, there participated in the honors be- 
stowed upon this distinguished American 
surgeon, whose excellent bronze statue 
now adorns Bryant Park, in the city of 
New York. After visiting Syria, Pales- 
tine, and Egypt, he returned home and be- 
came associated with his father in the prac- 
tice of his profession, which he has con- 
tinued in Newark and Scotch Plains to the 
present time. During his absence, by rea- 
son of his father's letters and those of Hon. 
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, then secretary 
of state, at Washington. D. C, he was 
everywhere received with marked courtesy. 



i:ssij.\ col .\ TV 


Soon after his return, at a literary gallier- 
ing of friends, he, by request, read tlie fol- 
lowing epitome of his travels: 


Returned from foreign travel, 1 

No longer care to wander,— 
Of that dear spot I call my home 

My fond heart has grown fonder. 

Drawn by the fame of far-off lands, 

I souKht to see them nearer; 
And while they Justllled report 

I felt my own was dearer. 

Three years ago to carry out 
Long-cherUthed dreams romantic, 

1 waved farewells, and found myself 
Upon the broad Atlantic. 

The warring winds tiegan to blow 

And make the cordage rattle. 
And with the angry surges jo.n 

In lierce and mighty battle. 

The tossing of the sea was grand. 

But, Oh: too sympathetic, 
The stomach, maugre the sublime. 

Succumbed to the emetic. 

From yueenstown, on your way to Cork, 
Ycu hear "the bells of Shandon." 

As up you sail the river Lee, 
That stream they "sound so grand on." 

I've barely time to tell you how 

I went to kiss the Blarney. 
And then proceeded to the lakes 

Of beautiful Klllarney. 

With much to see. I rested not. 

To every wish compliant; 
Saw all the sights, and. last of all. 

The Causeway of the Giant. 

Then, rich in memories precious. I 

St. George's Channel crossing. 
Exchanged the Emerald for the Pearl— 

Gem-Isles the deep embossing. 

Fair Albion, no words can tell 

The debt of love I owe it; 
It gave me language, gave the lore 

Of prophet and of poet. 

Gave Shakespeare. Milton gave, and ope'd 
The door of school and college. 

Whence I enjoy the sweet delights. 
And blessedness of knowledge. 

Hall. Falher-Iand! Through all my veins 
The warm blood warmer gushes; 

Because of thee my Joyful heart 
Is musical as thrushes. 

With keen delight, six crowded weeks 

I roamed the country over; 
And then to see the Continent 

I crossed the straits of Dover. 

I passed through France, the beautiful; 
Through Leopold's dominions; 

Through Hollanil. earliest free, of which 
Dutch blood has Dutch opinions. 

I coasted Norway to the Cape, 

Where 1 beheld that woinler. 
The midnight sun, which scarcely dips 

The red tiorlzun under. 

The Pole I could not see. nor Poles, 

For Poland, I found later. 
Was placed far distant from the Pole, — 

What error could lie greater. 

I Sweden. Denmark, visited. 

And steppes and cities Russian; 
Saw Warsaw, which war saw, when Joined 

Russ. Austrian, and Prussian. 

I did the German capitals, 

L'p rivers, over bridges.— 
Did Switzerland, the land of Ice, 

Crossed Alpine mountain ridges. 

Passed Into Italy, now one. 

Of art the mighty centre; 
Consiantinot>le. Athens seen, 

I ancient IOgy|)t enter. 

Then on to Palestine I sail 

In Mediterranean steamer. 
The lanil made sacred by the feet 

Of our Divine Redeemer. 

Returning from the East, I stopped 

.At .Malta, and then hasted 
Through Spain, through Portugal, through France 

Without a moment wasted. 

I stood oncB more on English ground. 

But soon for Scotland started; 
Took in my trip the Hebrides, 

And then for home departed. 

I've told you nothing in detail. 

Because of my great hurry.— 
Then is it not all written out 

In Baediker and .Murray? 

For your sweet patience, listeners dear, 

I own myself your debtor; 
Before I went I loved my friends. 

Returned. I love t'hem better. 

I would not (latter, but since I 

Can give my reasons plenty. 
As many as you choose to ask. 

One million up to twenty. 

I venture to declare, while I 

Of ladles have seen many. 
Those 1 see here are quite as good 

And beautiful as any. 

In 1 89 1 Dr. Coles was elected president 
of the Union County Medical Society, of 
Xew Jersey, and has tilled other offices of 
public and private trust. He is a perma- 
nent delegate to the Xew Jersey State 
Medical Society, a member of the Amer- 
ican Medical .Association, a member of the 


Washington Association of New Jersey, 
a life member and trustee of the New Jersey 
Historical Society, a Fellow for Life of the 
Metropolitan Museum of Art. N. Y., etc. 
He has contributed to the press, has pub- 
lished articles on medical and educational 
subjects, and has edited some new editions 
of his father's works. 

On September 5. 1S95, he wrote: 

To the Honorable Julius A. Lebkuecher, Mayor of the 

City of Newarl^: 

My Dear Sir, — As a gift to Newark, my native city, 
in whose educational, scienlitic and religious advance- 

contending with more recent attachments, while their 
Indian lord.s looked on, scarcely less moved than they, 
yet hardening themselves with savage stoicism, and 
standing in the midst of their enemies imperturbable 
as statues of bronze. Of the women, who were com- 
pelled to return with their children to the settlements, 
some, subsequently, made their escape, eagerly hasten- 
ing back to their warrior husbands, whose kindness 
before, as well as at the time of. the surrender had 
proved to them the sincerity of their affection." 

In our artist's group the mother discovers the wife 
of the Indian to be her daughter, who was carried off 
in early childhood. She. however, fails in her endeavor 
to obtain from her some sign of recognition. It was on 
this occasion that Bouquet, observing her distress. Is 
said to have suggested that she should sing one of the 
songs she used to sing to her when a child. She did 
so; then, with a sudden start, followed by a passionate 
flood of tears, the long-lost daughter threw herself 
into her mother's arms. 

In order that his work might be accurate and dis- 


ment my father, the late Dr. Abraham Coles, always 
took a deep and active interest, I have bought one of 
the most characteristic and beautiful groups in real 
bronze to be seen in this country or in Europe. It con- 
sists of three figures— an American Indian, his wife 
and her mother, each life size. The pedestal is of 
rare dark Italian marble. The whole was executed at 
Rome, Italy, in 1SS6, by the distinguished American 
sculptor, the late C. B. Ives, and is illustrative of the 
following facts, related by Parkman and other author- 

After Colonel Bouquet had, in the fall of 1764, com- 
pelled the Indian tribes to sue for peace, he demanded 
the delivery, at Fort Pitt, of all captives in their pos- 
session. "Among those brought in for surrender." 
says Parkman, "were young women who had become 
partners of Indian husbands, and who now were led 
reluctantly into the presence of parents or relatives, 
whose images were almost blotted from their memory. 
They stood agitated and bewildered: the revival of oid 
affections and the rush of dormant memories painfully 

tinctive. Mr. Ives left Rome for this country, where 
he was successful in finding, for his model, an Indian 
who fulfilled all his requirements. Returning to Italy, 
he there perfected this, his great masterpiece. 

In 1S32. the New Jersey legislature appropriated 
two thousand dollars to pay the Indians for a claim 
they made in regard to certain hunting and fishing 
rights. On this occasion the red men were represented 
by Shawriskhekung (Wilted Grass), an Indian of pure 
native blood. He was a graduate of Princeton College, 
having been educated at the expense of the Scotch Mis- 
sionary Society, which named him Bartholomew S. 
Calvin. At the age of twenty-three he entered the 
Continental army to fight for independence, and at the 
time he presented to the legislature the petition for pay 
for the Indian fishing rights he was upward of eighty 
years of age. This aged Indian closed his address with 
the following words: "Not a drop of our blood have 
you spilled in battle; not an acre of our land have you 
taken but by our consent. These facts speak for them- 
selves and need no comment. They place the character 

/>'S'/-;a' col \ TV. 


of New Jtrsiy in holj rellpf ami brlRht oxample to 
those stales within whose territorial llmiis our breth- 
ren still remain. There may he some who would 
despise an Indian benediction, but when I return to my 
people and make known to them the result of my mis- 
sion, the ear of the great Sovereign of the universe, 
which Is still open to our cry. will be penetrated with 
our Invocation of blessings upon the generous sons of 
New Jersey." 

"It Is a proud fact In the history of New Jersey." 
said Senator Samuel L, Southard before the legislature 
on this same occasion, "that every foot of her soil has 
been obtained from the Indian!! by voluntary purchase 
and transfer, a fact no other state of the Union, not 
even the land which bears the name of Penn, can boast 
of." For these as well as for other reasons. It has 
seemed to me to be pre-eminently proper that New 
Jersey should possess this magnificent monumetit cast 
in honor of the American Indian. 

With your sanction I will have It brought to Newark, 
and have It placed on a suitably prepared foundation, 
all at my own Individual expense. In the locality we 
shall decide upon. Awaiting your reply, I am, with 
great respect. Yours sincerely. 


To tlie above was sent tlie following re- 

Office of the Mayor, City Hall. Newark, N. J. 
September 13, 1S95. 
Dr. Jonathan Ackerman Coles. 222 Market Street, City: 
Dear Sir. — The communication directed to the Mayor 
of the city of Newark, dated September 4. 1895, and 
containing your munificent offer to present to the city 
a handsome bfonze group, was referred to the common 
council at its last meeting, held Friday, September 6th, 
accompanied by a message which read as follows: 

Office of the JIayor, City Hall, Newark. N. J. 
September 6. 18!i5. 
To the Honorable the Common Council of the City of 

Newark ; 

Gentlemen.— I have the honor and pleasure to trans- 
mit herewith a commvinicatlon which I received .yes- 
terday from Dr. Jonathan Ackerman Coles. In it 
he offers, as a gift to the city of Newark, a work 
of art, by an American sculptor of note, being a group 
In bronze which marks a most Interesting historical 
event, and as a memorial will recall the valuable ser- 
vices rendered In the Interests of science and education 
by his distinguished father, the late Dr. Abraham 

I respectfully recommend that action he taken by 
your honorable body to acknowledge the valuable and 
Interesting gift, and to co-operate with the donor in 
providing a suitable place for Its erection. 
Yours very truly, 


It was received and read with great grallflcation. and 
In response thereto, the following resolution of ac- 
knowledgment and acceptance was unanimously 

"Whereas. A bea\itifnl work of art. by a sculptor of 
distinction, has been presented to the city of Newark 
by Dr. Jonathan Ackerman Coles; therefore, be It 

"Resolved, That the mayor be Instructed to convey 
to the donor the sincere sense of appreciation In which 
this gift Is received by the municipal government ami 
people of the city of Newark: and be It further 

"Resolved. That n committee of live, of whom the 
mayor and the president of the common council shall 
be members, he uppohilcl to act with the donor in the 
selection of a suitable site for the placing of this val- 
uable gift." 

In pursuance of the above resolution, I have the 
honor to extend to you. In behalf of the municipal 
government, the assurance of Its high appreciation of 
your generous gift, and as chief executive to tender to 
you the thanks of Its citizens. 

The spirit which prompts the presentation of this 
artistic group of bronze to the city Is worthy of the 
greatest commendation. It gives me much pleasure to 
acknowledge, for the llrst time In the history of the 
city, a gift from one of Its private citizens, which shall 
be for many generations a civic monument of beauty 
and a source of pride to the residents of Newark. 
I have the honor to be. yours very truly. 

J. A. LlCBKrKCHER, Mayor. 

The committee, whicii consisted of 
Mayor Julius A. Lebkuecher, Mr, David 
D. I>raga\v. president of the common coun- 
cil; Aldermen William Harrigan, Sidney 
X, Ogden. and Winton C, Garrison, after 
visiting the different parks, in company 
with the donor, finally decided upon the 
north end of Lincoln Park, as the most suit- 
able site for the bronze. 

Subsequently the mayor and common 
council presented Dr. Coles with a testi- 
monial of tlie city's appreciation of his gift. 
This memorial the Xew York Tribune ilc- 
scribes as "a beautiful specimen of the art 
of engrossing. It is in an album form, 
bound in dark leather of the finest quality, 
the fly leaves being of rich white moire silk. 
The hotly of the memorial contains the 
communication of the mayor to the com- 
mon council announcing the offer of Dr. 
Coles, the resolutions passed by the coun- 
cil in accepting the gift, and the announce- 
ment Ijy Mayor Lebkuecher to Dr. Coles of 
the acceptance. The delineator is Mr. 
John Pi. Morris, secretary of the board of 

An editorial in the Newark Daily Ad- 
vertiser said : "The public-spirited gift of 
a life-size bronze group to the city of New- 
ark, is most heartily appreciated by New- 




Executed by C. li. Ives ami pre.sented to the City of Newark by Dr. J. Ackermaii Coles. 



ark citizens. Dr. Coles could not have 
done a public act more graceful or more 
in harmony with the changing conditions 
of life in this community. We have been 
essentially an industrial people, and in our 
busy efforts to earn and save, there has 
been little time or leisure to be applied to 
the relinements of public art that belong 
to old and settled civilization. We are 
growing into that now. Soon we shall 
have a beautiful [jark system, and we hope 
to grace it with the adornments of art, con- 
tributed by educated and iniblic-spirited 

The Rt. Rev. John Williams. D. D., LL. 
D.. bishop of the diocese of Connecticut, 
chancellor of Trinity College, etc., in a let- 
ter to Dr. Coles, referring to the bronze 
and its pedestal, said: ".Vn inscription of 
the last stanzas of your father's beautiful 
national hymns, "Cokuubia, the Land of 
the Free,' and "My Native Land,' upon the 
marble pedestal of the bronze historical 
group, would not only be a graceful tribute 
to your father's memory, but would also 
give a national as well as local value to the 
gift." The bishop's recommendation was 
carried out. In 1666 Newark was settled 
by people from Connecticut. 

Thanksgiving day was selected l)y the 
conuuon council committee and Dr. Coles 
as the time most appropriate for the un- 
veiling exercises. The New York Herald 
referred to the occasion as follows: "Five 
thousand persons gathered in Lincoln 
Park, Newark, yesterday afternoon (No- 
vember 28, 1895), to witness the unveiling 
and presentation to the city, of a life-size 
historic group in bronze by the distin- 
guished American sculptor, C. B. Ives. 

* * * The entire cost of the grouj), 
its pedestal and everything in connection 

with its erection and unveiling was borne 
by Dr. J. Ackerman Coles, son of the late 
Dr. Abraham Coles. 

"The exercises opened with a national 
hymn, 'My Native Land,' by Abraham 
Coles, sung by the children, teachers and 
friends of the public and private schools of 
Newark, and elsewhere in the state, led by 
Professor Thomas Bott, James V. Orchard, 
and David B. Dana, cornetist, under the 
direction of Mr. Frank E. Drake. 

"Just as the hymn was finished the statue 
was unveiled by the drawing back of a 
large American tlag, by Miss Lucy Depue 
Ogden, granddaughter of Supreme Court 
Justice Depue. and Master Robert B. 
Bradley, grandson of the late United States 
Supreme Court Justice Bradley. A great 
cheer went up from the crowd as the group 
was disclosed to view, and when it had sub- 
sided Dr. J. A. Coles made a brief presenta- 
tion si)eech, which embodied what he said, 
in his letter to Mayor Lebkuecher, in offer- 
ing the group to the city. 

"On behalf of the citizens of Newark, 
Mayor Lebkuecher then made an address 
of acceptance. He said: 'It gives me 
great pleasure to receive and accept, on be- 
half of the people of Newark, the beautiful 
piece of bronze statuary which your gener- 
osity has prompted you to present to this 
city. The people will appreciate in its full- 
est sense this artistic gift, and will hoM in 
grateful remembrance the generous giver. 
In accepting it, I tender to you the thanks 
of all the people of our city. It should be 
a matter of self-congratulation and satis- 
faction that the city of Newark has reached 
that stage in its history and development 
when its citizens are able to give expression 
to their more cultured tastes. And now, 
Mr. President of the board of street and 



water commissioners, upon voiir board de- 
volves the diitv of seeing to tlie safe keej)- 
mg of tliis statue, and I now deliver it over 
to your care.' 

"President ^'an Du_\ne. of the board of 
works, followed with a short address, and 
then followed one of the most interesting 
features of the whole ceremony. It was 
the delivery, by the pretty little Miss Grace 
E. Bates, grandniece of Da\id D. Bragaw, 
president of the common council, of the 
keys of the metal boxes placed in the pe- 
destal (containing the names of more than 
thirty thousand school children, a copy of 
the bible, a Newark directory, and various 
objects of local and general interest) to the 
equally pretty and tiny Miss Helen Coy- 
kendall, while held in the arms of her 
grandfather, Chief of Police Henry Hop- 
per. It will be tlie duty of little Miss Coy- 
kendall to drop the keys into the Passaic 
river, from the draw of the Bridge street 
bridge, for safe keeping. 

"Then another national hymn, "Colum- 
bia, the Land of the Free.' was sung, and 
an address was made by the president of 
the board of education. Dr. Henry J. An- 
derson. This was followed by the singing 
of the 'Fourth of July," a national hymn, 
and an address by the superintendent of 
public schools. Dr. William N. Barringer. 
The subject of his talk was 'A Nation's 
History, as shown by its Monuments." 
'Our Country's Banner' was sung; there 
was an address by the Rev. Dr. D. R. Fra- 
zer, of the First Presbyterian church; the 
singing of a bicentennial ode. entitled 'Two 
Hundred Years Ago.' and then the bene- 
diction, by Rev. Dr. R. M. Luther, pastor 
of the South Park Baptist church. 

"All the national hymns and the ode 
sung were the compositions of the late Dr. 

Abraham Coles, in whose memorv the 
group will reallv stand." 

The Free Puljlic Library is the possessor 
of one of the choicest specimens of artistic 
work in steel and bronze ever seen in New- 
ark. It is a German Columbian memorial 
shield, executed for the German depart- 
ment of the Liberal Arts Building at the 
World's Fair, and is the gift of the family 
of the late Dr. Abraham Coles. 

The following description is from the 
Newark Evening News : The shield is of 
polished steel and bronze, and is about 
three feet in diameter. It is surmounted 
by the American eagle, which, with out- 
spread wings, holds in its claws arrows, 
sprays of myrtle and a banner bearing the 
legend, "Westward the Star of Empire 
Takes Its ^^'ay." Around the margin of 
the shield are the inscriptions: "Dedicated 
to the American People in Honor of the 
Four Hundredth Anniversary of the Dis- 
covery of America." "1492 — United We 
Stand, Divided \\'e Fall— 1892." 

In the center ui the shield in high relief 
stands a beautiful female figure represent- 
ing Science, or the Goddess of Discovery. 
She is lifting a mantle from the Western 
Hemisphere, which is illuminatetl by the 
golden ravs of the rising sun. Beneath are 
shown the mariner's compass and palms of 

Around the central group are placed the 
coats-of-arms of all the States and Terri- 
tories (49 in all), tied together with bands 
bearing the words "E pluribus unum," "In 
God We Trust." Eight bas relief bronze 
medallions represent principal events in the 
historv of America, \\z. : "The Landing 
of Columbus," "The Landing of the Pil- 
grim Fathers," "The Signing of the Dec- 
laration of Independence." "W'ashington 



Crossing the Delaware," "The Battle of 
Churubusco," in which the Mexicans, un- 
der Santa Anna, were totally defeated by 
the Americans, under General Scott 
(1847); "The Emancipation Proclama- 
tion," "The Capitol at Washington," "An 
allegorical picture representing progress in 
science, industry and commerce, with Co- 
lumbia welcoming all to the World's Fair." 

There are also eight bronze portraits on 
the shield, those of Washington, Franklin, 
Jefferson, Lincoln, Grant, Garfield, Morse 
and Longfellow. Eight small shields re- 
cord the names and population of the eight 
largest cities — New York, 1,627,000; Chi- 
cago. 1,100,000; Philadelphia, 1,040,000; 
Boston, 418,000; St. Louis, 450,000; Cin- 
cinnati, 306,000; Baltimore, 500,000, and 
San Francisco, 320,000. 

"Dr. Coles and his sister, Miss E. S. 
Coles," says the Christian Herald, "have 
given to the Newark Public Library, from 
the estate of their father, the statue of Ben- 
jamin Franklin and his whistle, executed in 
Cararra marble by Pasquale Romanelli. 
It was made in Italy, in 1863, and attracted 
much attention at the Centennial Exhibi- 
tion in 1876." 

It stands on a carved pedestal of dark 
marble. The figure is exquisitely graceful, 
and the execution shows the highest tech- 
nical power. The conception is based on 
the incident described by Franklin himself, 
in a letter written to a friend in Philadel- 
phia, in November, 1779. 

"When I was a child," he wrote, "seven 
years old, my friends, on a holiday, filled 
my pockets with coppers. I w'ent directly 
to a shop where they sold toys for children, 
and being charmed with the sound of a 
whistle that I met by the way in the hands 
of another boy, I voluntarily offered and 

gave all my money for one. I then came 
home and went whistling all over the house, 
much pleased with my whistle, but disturb- 
ing all the family. My brothers and sisters 


and cousins, unilerstanding the bargain I 
had made, told me I had given four times 
as much for it as it was worth, put me in 
mind what good things I might have 
bought with the rest of the money, and 
laughed at me so much for my folly that I 
cried with ve.xation. and the reflection gave 
me more chagrin than the whistle gave me 

"This, however, was afterwards of use to 
me. the impression continuing on my mind 
so that often when I was tempted to buy 
some unnecessary thing I said to myself, 
'Don't give too much for the whistle,' and 
I saved my money. 


"As I grew up, came into the world, and 
obser\-ed the actions of men, I thought I 
met w itli many, very man\-, who gave too 
much for the whistle. '■■ '•' * In short, 
I conceive that great part of the miseries 
of mankind are brought upon them by the 
false estimates they have made of the vahie 
of things, and by giving too much for their 

The New York Tribune, April 20. 1S97, 
says: "The Newark Free Library, which 
is soon to occupy a new and handsome 
building to be erected this year on a site 
selected, facing Washington Park, in New- 
ark, has begun to receive gifts from citizens 
of wealth and culture. Yesterday the li- 
brary trustees received, and placed in the 
library, two beautiful life-size medallions in 
high relief. x-\ccompanying the gift was 
the following letter from the donor : 

Prominent among the art treasures in tlie marble 
palace of the late A. T. Stewart, on Fifth avenue and 
Thii'ty-fourth street, in New York city, were two 
pieces of statuary, designated "Sappho" and "First 
Love," by the well known American sculptor. Richard 
Hamilton Park. Visitors to the Metropolitan Museum 
of Art will also remember this artist's beautiful mem- 
orial of marble and bronze, in "The Poet's Corner," 
to the memory of Edgar Allan Poe (1S09-1S49). 

Two other works, to some fully as interesting, and to 
many, perhaps, more fascinating, are his two beautiful 
life-size medallions, in Cararra marble, portraying in 
high relief the profiles of two little girls, appropriately 
designated "Evening" and "Morning." The counten- 
ance of the one, as attractive as an evening sunset, 
bears the impress of weariness, attendant upon the 
close of a well spent day; while that of the other, 
bright and Joyous, after refreshing sleep, is equally 
suggestive of early sunrise and the singing of birds. 

All who love children and their innocent pleasures 
will find In these two medallions much to admire, and it 
is, therefore, with a feeling of confidence and pleasure 
that I, presuming upon your acceptance of the same, 
have ordered them, with their elegantly carved frames 
and pedestals, costing, originally, in Florence, Italy, 
about eight hundred dollars, to be sent this day as 
gifts to the Free Public Lil>rary of Newark, believing 
that vistors thereto will find in them additional in- 
centives to the cultivation of the refined and beautiful 
in art. Sincerely and respectfully yours, 


Newark, April 19, 1897. 

"A letter sent to-day," says the Newark 
Daily Advertiser, "by Dr. J. Ackerman 
Coles, to Principal Edmund O. Hovey, of 

the High School, announces the writer's 
gift to the school of an elaborate copper- 
bronze globe. A hint is also given of an- 
other gift for the new High School. 

"Here is the text of the letter: 

"My Dear Sir: — I am in receipt of your 
courteous letter, in which you kindly refer 
to the time when the late Dr. Abraham 
Coles, my father, was. for a number of 
years, a member of the board of education, 
chairman of the normal-school committee, 
and ever active in advancing the varied in- 
terests of the public schools of Newark, 

"I appreciate your appreciation of the 
addresses you mention as made by him, in 
presenting to the president of the board of 
education, for graduation, the classes of 
1872, 1S73 and 1S74, 

"You, moreover, suggest the propriety 
of my giving something in bronze to re- 
mind the one thousand two hundred and 
four bright and intelligent boys and girls 
now in the high school, of the interest 
taken by Dr. Coles in the education of their 
parents, and in them, their successors. 

"Your letter reached me at an opportune 
moment, soon after the arrival at my ofifice 
of a box, not yet opened, containing a 
large copper-bronze globe, with its stand, 
which I had been successful in obtaining 
as an intended gift for the new High School 
of Newark, 

"This globe is a model of the earth, and 
is remarkably interesting as representing, 
as it were, a survey of the bottom of the 
sea, of the lakes and of the rivers. It also 
shows the comparative heights of the 
mountains and the depths of the valleys on 
land. It shows us what ever)' man, wo- 
man and child has always been curious to 
know, viz. : How the bottom of the sea 
looks. Here we see the cause of the dif- 



ferent currents, and the results of volcanic 
eruptions beneath the ocean's bed. It is 
interesting to note and compare the oce- 
anic levels, also the sudden and g^radual de- 
pressions, and the \aried elevations of the 
two hemispheres. 

"Xo school in New York city, nor in 
New Jersey, I am informed, has such a 
model of the earth, and it was, in a measure, 
due to my desire that the metropolis of 
New Jersey should continue to lead in edu- 
cational matters, that caused me to pur- 
chase the same as a gift for its High School. 
\\'hen you get into your new fire-proof 
building, it may be my privilege and pleas- 
ure to donate something else. When 
agreeable to the board of education. I will 
send the bronze globe and its pedestal, and 
locate them where you desire." 

"Another acceptable gift to the Newark 
Free Public Library," says the New York 
Tribune, "is announced in the following 

Gentlemen,— Of the more than seven hundred .sculp- 
tures In marble that line the walls of the Museo Chla- 
ramontl, of the Vatican, at Rome. Italy, there Is, 
probably, no one that receives more attention from, or 
is better remembered by visitors, thaiv the one known 
as the "Bust of Young Augrustus," found at Ostla. A. 

A beautiful life-size copy of this celebrated work, I 
was so fortunate as to discover a few days ago in 
the store of an importer. In New York city. Knowing 
the rarity and value of the bust, it being made of the 
finest Cararra marble, and of the same size and finish 
as the original, I immediately purchased it, with a 
suitable marble pedestal, as a gift to the Free Public 
I„ibrary, of Newark, where, anticipating your accept- 
ance of the same, it, with its pedestal, will probably 
arrive to-morrow. With great respect, I have the 
honor to be Yours truly, 


The trustees subsequently acknowledged 
the receipt of and acceptance of the gift. 

"To the New Jersey Historical Society," 
says the New York Commercial Adver- 
tiser, "for the erection thereon of a suitable 
fire-proof building, Dr. J. A. Coles has of- 
fered to sfive either one of two valuable 

plots of land in the city of Newark, front- 
ing on and overlooking the Branch Brook 
Park. One plot is near its Sixth avenue 
entrance, with a frontage of fifty feet on 
the park, thence running back two hun- 
dred feet, to Fifth street, with a front there- 
on of fifty feet. The other plot is at the 
Boulevard entrance, and has a frontage of 
one hundred and twelve feet on the park, 
and fifty feet on Fifth avenue." 

In order that the New Jersey Historical 
Society might, in addition to its other 
treasures, possess a complete and compre- 
hensive library of reference. Dr. Coles has 
given it, in addition to other works, Apple- 
ton's .\nnual Cyclopaedias and Registry of 
Important Events of the years 1876 to 
1896, inclusive, embracing political, mili- 
tary and ecclesiastical affairs, public docu- 
ments, biography, statistics, commerce, 
finance, literature, science, agriculture and 
mechanical industry, being twenty-two vol- 
umes, bound in half morocco, handsomely 
illustrated and indexed, the latest editions; 
also, as executor of the estate of his father, 
the late Dr. Abraham Coles, one of the 
special sets of the Encyclopaedia Britan- 
nica, consisting of twenty-five volumes, 
bound in half morocco, and printed in 
Edinburgh (1891) from the original plates, 
with the corrections authorized by the edi- 
tor, the late William Robertson Smith, to 
which gift was added Appleton's Cyclopas- 
dia of American Biography, six volumes, 
half morocco, and Appleton's Cyclopaedia 
of General Knowledge, sixteen volumes, 
half morocco, last editions. 

These seventy volumes in all constitute a 
complete and comprehensive condensation 
of the history- of all ages and peoples. 
Every article is brought down to the latest 
possible date, thus including the most re- 



cent events in history, and researches in 
science, art and manufactures. 

On March 29, 1897, Dr. J. A. Coles 
wrote : 

To the Hon. John W. Griggs, LL. D., Governor of the 

State of New Jersey. 

Dear Sir.— I am the owner of the celebrated oil paint- 
ing known as "The Good Samaritan," by our distin- 
guished American artist, Daniel Huntington. The 
picture, with its frame, measures about nine feet 
in width by eleven feet in height, the principal figures 
being life size. It was executed by Daniel Huntington, 
in his studio, in Paris, France, in the years 1852-3, and 
in illustration or interpretation of the second great 
commandment of the law: "Thou shalt love thy neigh- 
bor as thyself." Here, with wonderful skill, is vividly 
portrayed the arrival at the inn, the sympathetic in- 
terest of the host and others, and the respectful atten- 
tion given to the orders of "The Good Samaritan." 

Mr. Huntington informs me that while engaged on 
this painting he was visited in his studio by Paul 
Delaroche, the eminent historical painter of France, 
who took a deep interest in the progress of his work, 
and by friendly suggestions as to detail, color, etc., 
rendered him much assistance, a circumstance which 
adds immensely to the value of this picture, as it 
may be regarded as the joint work of these two great 
master minds. After its completion, requiring several 
months, it was, after attracting much attention in 
Paris, sent to this country, exhibited at the National 
Academy, then on Broadway, and formed one of the 
chief attractions at the Sanitary Fair Exhibition of 
Paintings, held in Fourteenth street, New York city, 
during the late civil war. 

Mr. Huntington, having learned that I contemplated 
giving this picture, through you, to the people of New 
Jersey, wrote to me a few weeks ago, suggesting that 
I should first send the canvas to his studio in New 
York city, and leave it with him for a month, in order 
that he might retouch and restore any injuries done 
by the hand of time. This I have done, and Mr. Hunt- 
ington has not only gone over the whole canvas, but 
has at the suggestion and request of friends, intro- 
duced a portrait of himself as the host of the inn. I 
have also had its artistic and beautiful frame relaid 
with the best of gold leaf. 

Upon receipt of word from you, that as a gift, the 
painting will be acceptable to the state. I will, as soon 
as practicable, at my own expense, send it to Trenton, 
and have it hung in the place deemed most suitable 
for its reception in the capitol, a building associated 
with pleasant meetings therein of my father, the late 
Abraham Coles. A. M.. M. D.. Ph. D.. LL. D., with 
his friends, some of whom are still living, while the 
portraits of others adorn its walls. It is with special 
pride I recall the recorded words of the late Governor 
Daniel Haines, and those of the late Henry Woodhull 
Green, chief justice and chancellor, who, in referring 
to the life and writings of Dr. Abraham Coles, affirm 
that "to him the world owes a debt of gratitude for his 
labor and research, which redound to the honor of our 
state." Awaiting your reply, I am, with great re- 
spect. Tours sincerely, 


Governor Griggs' reply is as follows : 

State of New Jersey, Executive Department. 

Trenton, March 30. 1S97. 
Dr. J. Ackerman Coles. 

My Dear Sir,— I have the honor to acknowledge the 
receipt of your esteemed favor of the 29th inst.. tender- 

ing to the state of New Jersey the painting known as 
"The Good Samaritan." I assure you nothing would: 
delight me more than to accept at your hands such a 
valuable gift on behalf of the people of the state. The 
picture will be accorded the best hanging that can be 
selected for it in the state house, and I will have an 
engraved plate, if it meets your pleasure, placed upon 
it, giving the name of the generous donor. Permit me 
to say that your generosity and goodness to your 
native state are deserving of the highest appreciation 
on behalf of the people, and when the picture shall 
have been received, I hope to express to you in a more 
formal way, the thanks and gratitude of the executive 
for your generous donation. 

Whenever it shall suit your convenience to forward 
the picture, it will be received and cared for with all 
the consideration that it deserves. Very sincerely 

JOHN W. GRIGGS, Governor. 

A special to the New York Sun, dated 
Trenton, New Jersey, June ii, 1897, says: 
"Daniel Huntington's painting, 'The Good 
Samaritan,' was received at the capitol this 

"The painting was so large that it could 
not be put in a freight car. It was brought 
here on a large truck, which started from 
Newark yesterday morning. A brass plate 
at the bottom of the frame bears this in- 
scription : 'A gift to the people of New 
Jersey, in memory of Abraham Coles, A. 
M., M. D., Ph. D., LL. D.,' and this quo- 
tation, from one of Dr. Coles' works: 'We 
can weigh actions better than we can mo- 
tives. The hand of Omniscience needs to- 
hold the scales when hearts are to be 
judged.' " 

"The painting was hung in the state 
house, opposite the front stairway." 

Harper's Weekly referred to New Jersey 
as getting "an admirable painting in mem- 
ory of a good and distinguished citizen." 

The Newark Sunday Call and other 
papers also took occasion to speak of the 
value and appropriateness of the gift. 

The two following incidents in the sur- 
gical life of Dr. Abraham Coles have but 
recently come to light and are here given as 
understood and reported : In fixing the 
ceiling of one of the churches in the city of 



Newark, the scaffolding tipped and one of 
the workmen fell to the floor, where he lay 
unconscious and apparently dead. Several 
surgeons were hastily summoned, but see- 
ing the case abandoned it as hopeless. Dr. 
Coles at last arrived, and listening at the 
man's breast thought he detected signs of 
life. lie had him immediately removed to 
his home and placed on a couch. Kneeling 
beside him, after engaging for a few mo- 
ments in silent prayer, he carefully tre- 
phined his fractured skull and lifted a por- 
tion of depressed bone from off his brain, 
whereupon the man regained conscious- 
ness and subsequently his wonted health. 

A boy laughing, while eating a piece of 
watermelon, inhaled a large seed, which, 
lodging in his pharynx, produced symp- 
toms threatening death. Dr. Coles was 
sent for and removed the seed by tracheot- 
omy. The boy's mother saved tlie seed, 
hatl it mounted in gold, and wore it con- 
stantly thereafter in grateful remembrance 
of her son's deliverer. The boy grew to 
manhood and became a useful citizen of 

At a meeting of the Trustees of Colum- 
bia College, held at the college on Monday, 
the fourth day of January, one thousand 
eight hundred and the fol- 
lowing action was taken : 


"Resolved: That tlic thanks of the 
Trustees be tendered to Dr. J. .Vckerman 
Coles for his most welcome and valuable 
gift to the University of several bronze 
busts, handsomely and appropriately 

"I. A copv of the 01vin[)ian Zeus, bv 

"2. A copy of the bust of Plato, found 
in the house of the Papyri, Herculaneum. 

"3. A copy of the Hermes of Prax- 
iteles, found in the Temple of Hera, in 

"A true copy. 

[Seal.] "JOHN B. PINE, Clerk." 

Previous to the receipt by Dr. Coles of 
an engrossed copy of the above resolution, 
he had received a personal note, which read 
as follows: 

Columbia University, In the City of New York. 
President's Room, December 16. 1896. 
My Dear Dr. Coles: 

I have Just seen the bronzes In the library. They are 
beautiful, and I am very sure they will be accepted 
with gratitude. I had the pleasure of telling the 
Alumni last evening of your generosity, and In due time 
you will receive the formal thanks of the Trustees. 
The Alumni received the announcement with applause. 
Yours faithfully. 

SETH LOW, President. 

On June 29, 1897. to Dr. Coles was sent 
the following, also beautifully engrossed: 

"The Trustees of Columbia College in the 
city of New York. 
"At a meeting of the Trustees of Colum- 
bia College, in the city of New York, held 
at the college on Monday, the seventh day 
of June in the year of our Lord, one thou- 
sand eight hundred and ninety-seven, the 
following action was taken : 


"Resolved: That the thanks of the 
Trustees be rendered to Dr. J. Ackerman 
Coles, for his gift to the University of an 
heroic-size marble bust of the Parthenon 
Minerva, with its pedestal, bearing a 
bronze medallion portrait of Pericles, and of an heroic bronze bust of Homer, a 
copy of the one in the Louvre which he 
has had cast especially for the University 
library building. 

"A true copy. 

[Seal.] "JOHN B. PINE, Clerk." 

Upon the completion of the Columbia 
University Library the New York Tribune 
said : "The front, with its massive colon- 



nade, gives at once the idea of grandeur 
and simplicity. And when the visitor steps 
inside,over the large tablet of brassnearthe 
threshold, which sets forth that the build- 
ing is given by Seth Low in memory of 
his father, it is evident that the interior ful- 
fils the external promise. Just within the 
entrance stands a magnificent bust of Mi- 
nerva, upon a high pedestal, presented to 
the University by Dr. Coles. As the light 
falls upon this through the aisles of lofty 
pillars the effect is wonderfully beautiful." 

"For Columbia University, on Morning- 
side Heights, New York city," says the 
New York Herald, "Messrs. TilTany & Co. 
have completed an elegant and very inter- 
esting work of art as a gift from Dr. J. Ack- 
erman Coles, of Newark, N. J., an alumnus 
of Columbia College. It consists of a 
bronze bust of Homer, heroic size, a copy 
of the one in the Louvre, Paris, and was 
cast especially for the university at the cele- 
brated foundry of Barbedienne, in France. 

"The pedestal is square and is about six 
feet high, its base being of Numidian and 
the shaft of Sienna marble, both specimens 
having been carefully selected for the pur- 
pose. On one side of the shaft, set in the 
marble, is a large bronze plaque represent- 
ing, in bas relief, Penelope busy at her 

"On the other side a bronze plaque of the 
same size depicts the return of Ulysses 
from his wanderings after the fall of Troy, 
as related in the Odyssey, the second of the 
two great poems attributed to Homer. 
Within a fortnight the gift will be trans- 
ferred to the university. 

"The story it tells is this : Penelope, the 
daughter of Icarus, the brother of Tyn- 
darus. King of Sparta, was an accomplished 
Princess of great beauty. She had many 

suitors, and her father promised her as a 
prize to the one who should win in a foot 

"Ulysses, being a competitor, outran the 
others, and his marriage to Penelope was 
celebrated about the same time as was that 
of Menelaus to Helen, the most beautiful 
woman in Greece, and the cause of the Tro- 
jan war. 

"Ulysses, with Penelope, returned to 
reign over Ithaca. There their son Tele- 
machus was born, and for several years 
their mutual happiness was supreme. In 
the meantime Paris, the son of Piram, King 
of Troy, with ^neas, were guests at the 
Court of Menelaus, then King of Sparta. 

"Taking advantage of a temporary ab- 
sence of Menelaus in Crete, Paris eloped 
with Helen to Troy. Menelaus, upon dis- 
covering his treachery, declared war 
against the Trojans, and in consequence of 
an oath, which bound the chieftains 
throughout Greece to aid one another, all, 
including Ulysses, were obliged to embark 
with Menelaus for the plains of IHuni, to 
lay siege to the city of Troy, as described in 
the Iliad of Homer and the yEneid of Vir- 

"In the ten years' war that followed, 
LHysses was distinguished not only for his 
prowess as a warrior, but also for his elo- 
quence, sagacity and inexhaustible re- 
sources under difficulties. Learning that 
Troy could not be taken while the Palla- 
dium, a wooden image of ]Minerva, re- 
mained in the city, he, by stratagem, got 
possession of it, and managed subsequently 
to be carried within the walls of Troy con- 
cealed, with others, in the belly of a wooden 
horse. Emerging from this when the Tro- 
jans were off guard, he effected the total 
destruction of their citv. 

i:ssi:x <■<)( \TY. 


"The war was now over. Paris liad been 
slain and Helen restored to Menelaus. 
Ulysses, accordingly, eagerly set sail for 
Ithaca. His vessel, however, no sooner left 
the shores of Ilium than a series of new- 
dangers and trials encountered him, and 
another ten years passed before he arrived 
in disguise on his palace grounds, unrec- 
ognized by all. save by his faithful hound, 
whose exuberant joy Ulysses, in the bronze 
])laque on the pedestal, is represented as 
suppressing by holding his jaws tightly 

"Here he learned from a faithful servant 
and from Telemachus that during his twen- 
ty-years' absence Penelope, still beautiful, 
faithful and loving, had anxiously waited 
for his coming, and had kept at bay her 
many suitors, who argued his death, by 
telling them she would entertain no offers 
C)f marriage until she had finished weaving 
a certain robe, the threads of which she 
was careful to remove each night after her 
day's labor. 

"This artifice having been made known 
to the suitors by one oj her maids, she con- 
sented to bestow her hand on that one who 
on the following day should from Ulysses' 
bow shoot an arrow through the eyes of 
several axe heads placed in a row. 

"Retaining his disguise. Ulysses, at the 
time of the trial, waited until all had failed, 
and then, readily shooting the arrow 
through the axe eyes, he, with some re- 
maining arrows, slew the suitors and made 
himself known to his devoted and delighted 
Penelope, thereafter the historical and 
classical ideal of a devoted, faithful, pru- 
dent and sagacious wife. 

"The bust and its pedestal will probably 
be located in Alumni Hall, inasmuch as the 
heroic bust of the Parthenon Minerva, 

given by Dr. Coles, as executor of the es- 
tate of his father, the late Dr. Abraham 
Coles, graces the entrance hall of the Low 
Memorial Library. 

"This beautiful marble bust of Minerva 
was executed at Athens, Greece, by the 
Greek artist, Droses, and is believed to be 
a correct copy of the one by Phidias that 
stood in the Parthenon on the Acropolis. 

"It was made for and attracted much at- 
tention at the Centennial Exhibition at 
Philadelphia in 1876, and was afterwards 
purchased by Messrs. TilTany & Co. for the 
estate of the late Dr. Abraham Coles, who 
was an art connoisseur of exquisite taste, 
but was more widely known to the literary 
world as the one of whom W'hittier said : — 
Xo man, living or dead, has so rendered 
the text and spirit of the old and wonder- 
ful Latin hymns.' His translation of the 
Hebrew Psalms is also considered by schol- 
ars in Europe and America as the best. 

"Since the death of Dr. Abraham Coles, 
in 1891, his son. Dr. J. Ackerman Coles, as 
executor of his estate, has given many val- 
uable works of art to institutions of learn- 
ing in New Jersey, and elsewhere. The 
literary writings of Abraham Coles are 
found in nearly every public library in Eu- 

"In 1S48 he dill surgical duty in Paris, 
France, during the revolution of that year, 
and in 1854 he was called as consulting 
physician and surgeon in England and on 
the Continent." 

To the College oi i'iiysicians ai^.d .bur- 
geons, Xew York, Dr. J. A. Coles, as ex- 
ecutor, has given two valuable bronzes cast 
in Paris at the foundry of Barbedienne. 
One is a copy of "The Dying Gaul" or 
gladiator found in the garden of Sallust, 



which, with its right' arm restored by 
Michael Angelo, is now in the Museum of 
the Capitol, in Rome. The other is a copy 
of the bust of /Esculapius in the Museum 
of the Louvre in Paris. Both appropriate- 
ly and elegantly mounted by Tiffany & Co. 
have places in the trustees' parlor in the 
college. By reason of its grace and realis- 
tic anatomical accuracy, "The Dying Gaul" 
has always been regarded as the master- 
piece of the Pergamenian school in sculp- 
ture, forming as it did with its companon 
piece, "The Fighting Gaul," the chief 
adornments of the triumphal monument 
erected in the second century, B C, to the 
memory of Attains II. in Perganios, Asia 
Minor, then at the zenith of its glory as a 
center of art, wealth and influence. 

"To Princeton University." says the (N. 
Y.) Examiner. "Dr. Coles and his sister 
have given, with its marble pedestal, the 
magnificent life-size marble statue of 'Ny- 
dia,' made of the best Cararra marble, by 
Randolph Rogers, in Rome, Italy, in 1856. 
Several copies of it were subsequently 
made. One was at the Centennial Exposi- 
tion, and another in A. T. Stewart's collec- 
tion. The one given to Princeton is the 
original. It has been carefully preserved 
and its value enhanced jiy the lapse of 
time." To this idealization of the blind girl 
of Pompeii is attributed the foundation of 
Rogers' fame as an artist and sculptor, se- 
curing for him the commission to design 
(1858) the bronze doors for the capitol at 
Washington, D. C, and to finish the Wash- 
ington monument at Richmond, \'irginia 

"The original statue of Nydia," says the 
American Register, Paris, France, "was 
given to Princeton University in apprecia- 
tion of the nuUual regard which for more 

than fifty years existed between the trus- 
tees, faculty and instructors of the College 
of New Jersey and the late Abraham Coles, 
A. M., M. D., Ph. D., LL. D." 

From the president of the university the 
donors received the following acknowl- 
edgment : 

Princeton, N. J., August 3, 1896. 
Miss Emilie S. Coles and Dr. J. Ackerman Coles. 

Deerhurst, Scotch Plains, N. J. 
My Dear Friends: 

At the meeting of the board of trustees of the Col- 
lege of New Jersey, held during commencement week, 
in June last, I had the pleasure of reporting to them 
that I had received, in behalf of the college, from you, 
the beautiful marble statue of Nydia, which you so 
kindly presented to the college out of the estate of your 
father, the late Dr. Abraham Coles, 

The gift was very gratefully received by the trustees, 
and I was requested, in their behalf, to write to you 
expressing the very cordial thanks of the trustees 
for the beautiful statue which now adorns the Museum 
of Historic Art. 

I have great pleasure in discharging the duty as- 
signed to me by the trustees. Nydia will always be 
associated in our minds with the memory of your 
gifted father, and I venture to hope that the common 
interest which you and we have in this masterpiece of 
the sculptor's art will constitute a strong bond be- 
tween you and Princeton University. 

I trust that we may have the pleasure of seeing 
you at Princeton sometimes, and I beg to assure you 
that whenever you will honor us with a visit you will 
find a most cordial welcome in our home from Mrs. 
Patton and myself, 

I am, very sincerely, 


The Chicago Evening Post says, — 
"Princeton has a new and novel mascot. 
It was given to the college at the sesqui- 
centennial celebration. It is an American 
tiger or jaguar, known for its great 
strength and fighting qualities. The spec- 
imen is an especially large one, being the 
one P. T. Barnum had in his museum in 
New York. After his death it was stuffed, 
and figured in the procession celebrating 
the laying of the Atlantic cable. It also 
appeared at the Old Guards' ball in New 
York and at other festivities in that city. 
It has been handsomely fitted up by the 
person who gave it, and is now in the bio- 
logical laboratory, from which it will be 
removed when other quarters are provided 



for it. The donor is Dr. J. Ackerinati 
Coles, of Newark, N. J." 

Prof. William Libbey, secretary .of the 
committee on reception and entertainment, 
sesquicentennial exercises, College of New 
Jersey, wrote to Dr. Coles, October 16, 

"We will be very glad to accept the his- 
toric tiger, and use it upon the occasion of 
the torch-light procession. I telegraphed 
you in order that there might be no delay 
in getting the animal packed up, so as to 
reach us in time. Permit me, on the part 
of the college, to thank you most cordially 
for this indication of your interest. 
"Yours verv truly, 
••WILLIAM LIBBLV, Secretary." 

The tiger was carefully cased and sent 
under special guard to Professor Libbey. 
Extra precaution was deemed necessary to 
prevent its going to some other college. It 
took part in the procession, which was a 
brilliant success. 

From Ainsworth Rand Spoft'ord, LL. 
D., the Librarian of Congress, Dr. J. .\. 
Coles has received the followine letter: 

Ijibrary of Congress, W'a.shliigton. D. C. 
Dear Sir: 

I have your much esteemed favor, proffering, as a 
gift 10 the congressional library, a life-size bronze bust, 
lo l>e preserved In the new library building, in memory 
of your father. This generous offer is fully appre- 
ciated, and will be communicated to the joint commit- 
tee of both houses of congress on the library when 
organized. Meanwhile I am authorized to receive the 
gift to he assigned an honorable and appropriate place 
In the new building of the library of congress, now 

Permit me to express my high sense of the literary 
value of Dr. Abraham Coles' rtne translations of Latin 
medlieval hymns and other works. 
Very respectfully, 

Librarian of Congress. 
J. Arkerman Coles, M. D. 
Newark, N. J. 


The University of Chicago was made the 
recipient of the bronze mentioned in the 
following correspondence. 

To the president, William Rainey Har- 

per, Ph. D., D. D., LL. D.; Dr. Coles 
wrote : 

"Belonging to the estate of the late 
Abraham Coles. A. M., M. D., Ph. D., LL. 
D., my father, is a bust of Homer, of the 
best quality of bronze. It is of heroic size, 
and was cast for Messrs. Tiffany & Co., of 
New York city, at the celebrated foundry 
of Barbedienne, Paris, France. This, with 
its imported marble pedestal, L as executor 
of my father's estate, my sister, Emilie S. 
Coles, cordially concurring, now offer as a 
gift to the University of Chicago, and upon 
notification that the same will be accept- 
able to its board of trustees, I will send 
them thither by express, with all charges 

"I have just re-read in the magazine en- 
titled "The Old Testament Student with 
New Testament Supplement,' edited by 
yourself, your kind critical review of the 
New Rendering of the Hebrew Psalms in- 
to English A'erse,' by Abraham Coles, a 
work which, I learn, has found its way into 
the university libraries of Oxford and Cam- 
bridge, England, and also into some of 
those on the continent of Europe, eliciting 
an endorsement of the criticisms uttered by 
yourself, while professor of the Semitic 
languages ami Biblical literature at Yale 

President Harper's reply is as follows : 

"I wish to assure you of the appreciation 
of the university of the courtesy and kind- 
ness of yourself and sister in presenting to 
tiie university the bronze bust of Homer, 
with its marble pedestal. I cannot think 
of any gift which we would appreciate 
more, and I am very much pleased, indeed, 
that we may thus perpetuate the memory 
of your father' in connection with the uni- 
versitv. The boxes containing them may 



be addressed directly to me, in care of the 
viniversity, and I will make the proper pre- 
sentation to the trustees, and thev will then 
acknowledge the gift oflicially. I am very 
much disappointed that I did not have the 
pleasure of meeting you at the Princeton 

The New York Tribune, in speaking of 
Harvard University, says: 

"Dr. J. Ackerman Coles, of Newark, 
whose gifts of valuable art objects to edu- 
cational and public bodies have been gen- 
erous, and who lately gave to the Chicago 
University a heroic bronze bust of Homer, 
has just presented to Har\-ard University a 
life-size bronze bust of Socrates. The 
bronze is part of the estate of the late Dr. 
Abraham Coles, of Newark, a well known 
classical scholar and author. It was made 
by Barbedienne. in France, for Tiffany & 
Co. The donor, in giving the bronze to 
Harvard, said that he desired it to be a re- 
minder of the friendly relations that ex- 
isted between his father and the ol+icers, 
professors and graduates of Harvard, espe- 
cially President Thomas Hill, Henry 
Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell 
Lowell, Oliver \\'endell Holmes and Phil- 
lips Brooks." 

'In acknowledging the gift. President 
Eliot writes as follows : 

J. Ackerman Coles: 

Dear Sir,— Your letter is just received. I hastrn to 
say that the gift of a bronze bust of Socrates, with iu 
marble pedestal, will be very welcome to Harvard 

I am obliged to you for saying that this valuable gift, 
made by yourself and your sister, is intended as a 
reminder of the friendly relations which existed for 
many years between your father and the distinguished 
men— officers and graduates of Harvard— whose names 
you record. Your letter will be deposited in the ar- 
chives of the university. Believe me. with high re- 
gard, sincerely yours, 


From North East Harbor, Maine, under 
date of July 6, 1897, President Charles W. 
Eliot writes to Dr, Coles: 

My Dear Sir: 

I desire to report to you that the admirable bust 
of Socrates, which you and your sister presented to 
the university, has been placed in the library of the 
classical department, in an advantageous position, and 
that it is universally regarded as a great ornament to 
the room. The admirable manner in which the bust 
is mounted adds greatly to the value of the gift. The 
liV)rary of the classical department is kept in Har\-ard 
Hall, in the rooms in the first story immediately on 
the right as you enter the Hrst door. Whenever you 
come to Cambridge, I beg that j'ou will visit this libra- 
ry and observe the appropriateness of this place of de- 
posit for your excellent gift. 

Very truly yours, 


J. Ackerman Coles. M. D. 

Following is a copy of the correspond- 
ence relating to the estate's gift to Yale: 

Rev. Timothy Dwight, D. D.. LL. D., President of 
Y'ale University. 

Dear Sir.— I have read with much interest of the safe 
arrival at your university of the "Curtius Library," 
its careful packing having been personally superintend- 
ed by Frau Curtius herself, who was particular to 
have it reach you in its entirety. I have read of its 
three thou.sand five hundred bound volumes and many 
pamphlets.— one hundred and fifteen being on Greeic 
epigraphy, forty-five on Olympia, and seventy-five on 
Greek lyric poetry.— all classified and arranged for con- 
venient use.— a library, in fact, covering the whole field 
of Greek philology and archaeology, made especially 
valuable from the fact that, had not Professor Curtius 
been tutor to the Emperor Frederick, the German ex- 
cavations (lS75-188n might ne\'er have been made, and 
Olympia be still left a buried city. 

To the estate of Abraham Coles, A. M., JL D., Ph. D., 
LL. D.. my father, belongs a beautiful life-size bronze 
bust, a copy of the Hermes of Praxiteles, found in the 
Temple of Hera, within the Altis. the sacred precinct 
of the Olympian Zeus. Of the same size as the orig- 
inal, this copy, cast for. and imported by, Tiffany & 
Co.. of New York, my sister and I will be pleased to 
give to Yale L'niversity, deeming it a suitable addition 
to the invaluable "Curtius Library." 

I remember with satisfaction and pleasure the rela- 
tionship, scholarly and social, that existed for many 
years between the faculty, instructors and graduates 
of Yale and my father. As for myself, a graduate of 
Columbia and the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
New Y'ork, some of my warmest friends are those of 

ITpon receipt of word that the proffered gift will be 
acceptable, I will send it, with its imported marble 
pedestal, to the university, by express, all charges pre- 
paid. Awaiting your reply, I have the honor to be, 
with great respect. 

Yours sincerely. 


Under date of February 3d, President 
Dwight made answer: 

Dear Sir,— In answer to your very kind letter of yes- 
terday, I beg to express my most sincere thanks for 
the generous offer which it contains. On behalf of the 
university I accept the gift, which will be most ap- 
propriately connected with the Curtius Library, and 
will be most pleasantly commemorative of your hon- 
ored father. The life and work of Professor Curtius 



were worthy of all honor on the part of all scholarly 
men, and It Is very interesting to us at Yale University 
to know that his wife was pleased to have his library 
—in such striking manner a monument perpetuating his 
name — placed here in this distant land. She added to 
the library a gift of the portrait of her husband, and 
thus testified most kindly of her good will to us. The 
addition which you now make, and which Is suggestive 
of Curtlus' work and influence in connection with the 
excavations to which you refer, will be a new testi- 
mony to what he did. I am sure that Mrs. Curtlus will 
be glad to know of your generous gift. 

If you win kindly, at your convenience, send the bust 
to our library, as you suggest, we will be glad to give 
It a conspicuous i>lace. 

May I ask you to present to your sister, who unites 
with you in the gift, the assurances of my very high 
regard, and to request her to accept the expression of 
my thanks to you In this letter as, also. Intended for 
herself. Very sincerely yours. 


On receipt of this acceptance, the bronze 
ami its pedestal were packed and sent, un- 
•ler the direction of Messrs. Tififany & Co., 
to the university, and Dr. Coles received 
the following acknowledgment : 

My Dear Sir.— I have the plea.sure of announcing to 
you, that the bronze bust and its pedestal, forwarded 
at your request, by the Tiffan.v firm, have arrived, 
and have been placed in a conspicuous position In our 
university library. The bust is very beautiful, and I 
beg you to accept, for your sister and yourself, my 
sincere thanks, for myself, and on behalf of the trus- 
tees of the university, for your most interesting and 
valuable gift. 

The portrait of Professor Curtlus has been placed 
very near the bust, and these two memorials. In con- 
nection with the library, will be a testimony, to. all 
who come to Yale, of scholarship and of generosity. 
Believe me, very truly yours, 


June 27, 1897. Henry \V. Farnam. Esq., 
of New Haven, Connecticut, writes to Dr. 
Coles : 

Dear Sir.— As a member of our library committee, 
I desire to express to you my personal appreciation of 
your generosity in presenting to Yale the beautiful 
bronze copy of the Hermes, which now stands directly 
beneath the portrait of Professor Curtlus. 
• I was attending the lectures of Professor Curtlus. in 
Berlin, in ISTB, when the Hermes was unearthed, and 
saw the first photograph that was sent out to the 
German directors of the excavations. I also knew 
Professor Curtlus and his family personally. It was, 
therefore, especiall.v gratifying to me that the acquisi- 
tion of his library by Yale should have ltd you to com- 
plete the collection by sending us the Hermes. 

Permit me to express my very warm thanks for your 
kindness and liberality, and believe me. 
Yours most sincerely, 

J. A. Coles. M. D., Newark, N. J. 

A special despatch to the New York 
Tribune, from New Brunswick, New Jer- 

sey, reads: "President Austin Scott, of 
Rutgers College, announced to the stu- 
dents this morning that J. Ackerman 
Coles, of Newark, had presented to the col- 
lege a life-size bronze bust of George 
\Vashington, in memory of the late Dr. 
Abraham Coles. The bust is a replica of 
the famous marble statue executed from 
life, by Jean Antoine Houdon, for the state 
of \'irginia. and now standing in the state 
capitol at Richmond. The bust is pre- 
sented in commemoration of the sunnort 
given, during the Revolution, to General 
Washington, by Rutgers College and the 
people of New Brunswick, and of the cen- 
tennial meeting of the- New Jersey Medical 
Society, held in the halls of Rutgers Col- 
lege, in 1866, at winch time Dr. Abraham 
Coles was its president, and read his poem, 
'The Microcosm.' The bust was cast in 
France, and was mounted by Tififany. 

"On motion of Dr. Jacob Cooper, and 
seconded by Dr. Van Dyke, the gratitude 
of the college was ordered expressed to Dr. 

The president wrote to Dr. Coles: 

My Dear Sir.— The board of trustees, at their recent 
meeting, retjuested me to convey to you the expression 
of their warmest thanks to yourself and your sister for 
your gift of the bronze bust of Washington. For the 
present it has been placed In the college chapel. 
I am. faithfully yours, 


To the General Synod of the Reformed 
Church in America, for its use in connec- 
tion with the Theological Seminary of said 
church, located in New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, Dr. and Miss Coles have given a 
unique and beautiful work of sacred his- 
toric art, in memory of their grandfather, 
Jonathan C. Ackerman, as well as that of 
their father. It consists of a life-size mar- 
ble group, representing Hagar and Ishmael 
in the wilderness of Beersheba. It is the 



masterpiece of Alessandro F. Cavazza, who 
executed the same in the purest Cararra 
marble, in Modena, Italy, in 1872. "Ish- 
mael," says the New York Christian Intelli- 
gencer, "in his utter weakness, has loos- 
ened his hold upon Hagar's neck, and has 
fallen back apparently lifeless across her 
left knee. The relaxed muscles of the lad, 
his death-like countenance, the agonized 
look of his mother, and the many other 
minute details of finished expression, show 
the artist to have been in full sympathy 
with his subject, and to have possessed the 
skill and knowledge (anatomical and eccle- 
siastical) requisite for its accurate por- 

President Woodbridge was authorized to 
accept the gift and to assure the donors, on 
behalf of the board of superintendents and 
the faculty, that the gift would be highly 
appreciated. Later there was received by 
Dr. Coles and his sister the following : 

"General Synod, Reformed Church in 

"Raritan, N. J., June 11, 1897. 
"I have been directed by the General 
Synod to forward to you a copy of the fol- 
lowing action, taken at its recent session 
held at Asbury Park, New Jersey. Re- 
solved, That the General Synod of the Re- 
formed Church in America, hereby assures 
Dr. J. Ackerman Coles, and Miss Emilie S. 
Coles, that the gift of the statuary, repre- 
senting Hagar and Ishmael, is fully appre- 
ciated, and that the thanks of the Synod is 
hereby tendered to the generous donors. 
Respectfully vours, 

Stated Clerk." 

The Lewisburg (Pennsylvania) Chron- 
icle refers to a recent gift, in the following 
language : "Bucknell (Lewisburg) Uni- 
versity has received a very valuable gift in 

the shape of a life-size bust of Julius Caesar, 
a bronze copy of the one in the Louvre, in 
Paris, France. It is mounted on an Ital- 
ian-marble pedestal, and has been placed 
on exhibition in the college library. No 
other copy like it is believed to be in Amer- 
ica. It is the gift of Dr. J. A. Coles and 
his sister, in memory of their father, the 
late Abraham Coles, M. D., Ph. D., LL. 
D., an honorary alumnus of the univer- 

President John H. Harris, D. D., LL. 
D., wrote to Dr. J. A. Coles : 

"Dear Sir: The bust of Julius Caesar, 
with pedestal, arrived safely, and has been 
put in place. The work evokes much ad- 
miration, and the feeling of gratitude to 
the generous givers is universal. 

"Please accept our hearty thanks for 
your kind remembrance and generous gift. 


A letter from Bishop John H. Vincent, 
chancellor of the Chautauqua University, 
to Dr. J. A. Coles, reads as follows : 

"Chautauqua, N. Y., July 14, 1897. 
"My Dear Doctor: I send to the New 
York Tribune this evening a copy of the 
enclosed telegram. The bust and its mar- 
ble pedestal are beautiful, and Chautauqua 
does really appreciate your great kindness. 
"Faithfully yours, 


"In connection with a great amphithea- 
tre concert at Chautauqua, under the di- 
rection of Dr. Palmer, a life-size bronze 
bust of Beethoven, presented by Dr. J. 
Ackermian Coles, of Scotch Plains, New 
Jersey, was unveiled. Just before the un- 
veiling. President G. Stanley Hall, of Clark 
University, delivered a brief address on 
music. As the veil was lifted, the amphi- 

A>'.sy;A' vol XTY. 


theatre gave the splendid CliaiUauc]iia sa- 
hite, in honor of Beethoven, and in recoe- 
nition of Dr. J. Ackerman Coles and his 
sister. Immediately following: this Mr. 
Wni. H. Sherwood gave a piano solo, — the 
Sonata Appassionata, by Beethoven. The 
performance was brilliant. The Chautau- 
qua salute was also given to Professor 

"To the Hall of Marble Statuary, in the 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," 
the New York Evangelist says, "Dr. J. 
Ackerman Coles, of Newark, who has ad- 
ded so largely of late to the art treasures 
of his own city, has made a couple of valu- 
able gifts." 

One gift is the famous statue, known as 
"The Promised Land," executed in Car- 
arra marble, by the celebrated American 
artist, Franklin Simmons, at Rome, Italy, 
in 1874. A beautiful ideal life-size female 
figure, gracefully robed, is designed to 
represent the earnest longing of the spirit 
for "The Promised Land," "The Better 
Country," "The Celestial City of Zion." 
Upon the plinth of the statue, w'hich rests 
upon an elegantly paneled octagonal ped- 
estal of dark Spanish marble, are inscribed 
four lines of the mediaeval Latin hymn, 
"Urbs Coelestis Sion," by St. Bernanl, of 
Cluny, with its translation, by the late Dr. 
Abraham Coles, the hymn and the transla- 
tion being well known to scholars through- 
out the literary world. Daniel Hunting- 
ton, the second vice-president of the mu- 
seum, and chairman of the committee on 
sculpture, in recommending its acceptance 
by the board of trustees, wrote : 

"I am greatly pleased with the statue. 
It has a refined and spiritual character, as 
well as artistic grace and beauty." 

The other gift from Dr. Coles, as execu- 

tor of the estate of his father, the late Dr. 
Abraham Coles, is a Cararra marble copy, 
by P. Barzanti, of Florence, Italy, of the 
antique statue, "Venus de Medici." The 
original, it will be remembered, was found 
in the Villa of Hadrian, at Tivoli, in the 
seventeenth century, and was taken to 
Rome, and deposited in the Medici Palace, 
whence it took its name. About the year 
1680 it was carried, by order of Cosmo III., 
to Florence. In 1796 Napoleon Bona- 
parte sent it, with other w-orks of art, to 
France, and had it placed in the Louvre, at 
Paris. .Here it remained until 1815, when 
it was returned to Italy, and is now the 
chief treasure in the tribune of the Uffizi 
gallery at Florence. It is of Parian mar- 
ble, and was executed by Cleomenes, the 
Athenian, the son of Apollodorus, who 
nourished between 200 and 150, B. C. 
From its exquisite proportions and perfec- 
tion of contour, it has become the most 
celebrated standard of female form extant. 
The copy, with its marble pedestal, given 
by Dr. Coles, is considered to be equal in 
every respect to the one in the gallery of 
the Duke of Devonshire, at Chatsworth, 
lingland. Soon after its proffer to the mu- 
seum, General Louis P. Di Cesnola, secre- 
tary and director, wrote to Dr. Coles as fol- 
lows : 

"I have the honor to inform you that, 
upon the recommendation of the conuuit- 
tee on sculpture, the trustees of the Metro- 
politan Museum of Art have accepted your 
gift, and have instructed their executive 
committee to convey to you an expression 
of their thanks for your generosity. In do- 
ing so, I may be permitted to add that 
these thanks will be constantly hereafter re- 
peated by the people, to whose enjoyment 
and instruction the Museum of Art is de- 
voted, and to which your gift is a valuable 



contribution. \Mth high regards, I re- 

"\'erv sincerely yours, 

•■•L. P. Dl'CESNOLA. 


Deerhurst, since their father's death, has 
continued to be occupied by Dr. Coles and 
his sister. "Back from the house a short 
distance," says the Boston Transcript, "is 
the deer park; farther on is the labyrinth, a 
fac-simile of the Maze, at Hampton Court, 
near London, England. The mansion it- 
self is substantial, elegant and beautiful, 
and replete with articles rich and rare, 
gathered in journeyings through foreign 
lands. The library is an ideal room. It is 
open to the roof, the rafters coming down 
in graceful sweeps, with here and there odd 
little windows, deeper ones, reaching to the 
floor and opening upon balconies. On 
every side are books, — in massive cases, 
filling deep recesses; on shelves substanti- 
ally built around corners and supported by 
ornamental columns, and on daintier 
shelves, arranged above one's head. A 
vast and varied collection, in all languages, 
carefully and worthily bound." One very 
rare volume is remarkable as being the first 
book printed containing Arabic types, and 
is entitled, "Psalterium, Hebrsum, Grse- 
cum, Arabicum, et Chaldseum, cum tribus 
Latinis interpretationibus. Genuae, Petrus 
Paulus Porrus, 1516." Folio, half green 
morocco. This, the first Polyglot psalter, 
edited by Agostino Giustiniani, is impor- 
tant also, as containing the first printed 
biography of Columbus. It is printed as a 
long marginal note to Psalm xix." 

"The fine collection of paintings, curios 
and bric-a-brac, belonging to Dr. Coles," 
says the New York Tribune, "which has 
been on exhibition in the art gallery of the 

Coles homestead building. No. 222 Market 
street, Newark, for the past two weeks, for 
the benefit of the Newsboys' Building 
Fund, is, without exception, one of the 
choicest collections in Newark, if not in 
New Jersey." 

The art critic of The Queen, says of the 
oil painting (ten feet by five feet) entitled 
"The Fall of Man," by Bouverie Goddard, 
and exhibited by him at the Royal Acad- 
emy, London, England, in 1877, — "Second 
to no picture painted since Sir Edwin 
Landseer's palrny days, in which animal 
forms and character have been represented 
and expressed on canvas is Mr. Goddard's 
truly noble 'Fall of Man.' In the distance 
appears the vision of the celestial warrior- 
guardians of the gate of that blissful gar- 
den, no longer the home of the fallen ones, 
from which, for the first time conscious of 
the fierce instincts of their nature, various 
animals are rushing away in amazement 
and alarm." 

"The picture portrays," says The Acad- 
emy, "the savagery of the brute nature en- 
suing upon the disobedience of Adam and 
Eve. * * * The dif^culty of Mr. God- 
dard's attempt becomes all the greater, in 
that he does not represent any actual at- 
tack of one animal upon another, but only 
the moment when the attacking and raven- 
ous impulse arises and manifests itself in 
gesture and demeanor." 

"We have not, for a long time, met with 
a picture of animals by an Englishman," 
says The Athenjeum, "showing so much 
care, energy, and learning, as Mr. B. God- 
dard's 'The Fall of Man,' in which the life- 
size beasts, terrified by the portents attend- 
ing 'The Fall,' rush from the neighborhood 
of Eden, new ferocity being manifested by 
their actions and expressions." 

i:ssi:.\' col STY. 


The London Times says, — "One is at 
first puzzled to account for the tremendous 
commotion among Mr. Bouverie God- 
dard's wild beasts, carried to its height in a 
powerfully designed and well painted fore- 
ground group of a lion, lioness, and 
cubs, till we learn, more from the 
title than from the extract of Mil- 
ton, appended to it, that, such was 
the effect produced among the beasts 
of the forest bv the 'Fall of Man." Thev 

ity,' there is nothing in the way of animal 
painting here so remarkable for the way 
the painter has brought landscape and ani- 
mals into harmonious imaginative condi- 
tions as Mr. B. Goddard's 'Combat' — a 
couple of bulls in deadly encounter on the 
nic^rgin of a river, under a stormy sunset 
sky, watched by an excited and eager herd 
of cows. Full of action, original in group- 
ing, and forcible in light and shade, this 
really is a powerful picture, an excellent il- 

TUF "irAMr I'l 'N 

.A i :'i"l;l \T1 ; 

arc supposed to sympathize with the signs 
in the heavens, the eclipsed sun, the lower- 
ing sky, the muttering thunder, and sad 
drops 'wept at the completing of the mor- 
tal sin.' " 

Of the second painting, named "The 
Combat," or "A Bull Fight in the Vale," 
(seven feet by four feet,) painted in 1S70. 
and exhibited the same year in the Royal 
Academy, the London Times, of May 30, 
1870, said, — "After Sir Edwin's animal pic- 
tures, and, perhaps, Mr. B. Riviere's 'Char- 

lustration of the wealth of subject that lies 
yet undrawn upon in the wide range of ani- 
mal life." 

A third painting (nine feet by five feet), 
by Goddard, "A sale of New Forest Ponies 
at Lyndhurst Fair, England," is regarded 
by critics as equal in many respects to the 
"Horse Fair." by Rosa Bonheur. 

The collection includes, also, works by 
the following artists: G. P. A. Healy, 
"The Arch of Titus," Rome. 1871 (canvas 
forty-eight inches by se%'enty-three inches). 


in which the poet Longfellow and his 
daughter are seen standing under the arch, 
while the artist F. E. Church is seated 
sketching, with G. P. A. Healy and J. Mc- 
Entee looking over his shoulder; all excel- 
lent portraits; through the arch a magnifi- 
cent view is had of the Colosseum beyond. 
J. F. Cropsey (five), Corfe Castle, England 
(seven feet by five feet), "Lake Nemi and 
Village on the Appian Way, Italy" (six 
feet by four feet), also three other land- 
scapes. Albert Bierstadt (five), "Mount 
Hood, in Oregon, at Sunset" (six feet by 
four feet), in merit and beauty, thought to 
be equal to his "Rocky Mountains;" 
"Mount Hood, Oregon, with storm ap- 
proaching;" "Niagara Falls from Goat 
Island;" "Mount Blanc, from near Geneva, 
Switzerland;" "Dieppe, near the Club 
House, France." Daniel Huntington 
(three) — one a life-size portrait of Abraham 
Coles,— A. T. Bricher (two), J. F. Kensett 
(three), F. E. Church, J. E. Freeman, 
"Scene in the Pyrenees, Spain" (six feet by 
three feet); Jones, "Niagara;" Thomas 
Moran, Edward Moran (two), H. 
P. Smith, James M. Hart, Will- 
iam Hart, Julian Scott, Edward Gay, 
George Inness, W. S. Hazeltine, John Con- 
stable, R. A., Brunery; L. Verboeckhoven, 
A. Reinert, Paul Jean Clays, Jan Chilnisky, 
J. Carabain (two), H. De Buel, Rosa Bon- 
heur (pen and ink sketch), J. H. L. De 
Haas, Edward Portielge, B. C. Koekkoek; 
J. G. Brown, N. V. Diaz de la Pena, J. B. 
C. Corot, Constant Troyon; Theodore 
Rousseau (two), George Jeannin, Eugene 
Fichel, Georges Washington, Julian Du- 
pre, Jules Dupre (two), Charles Jacque, G. 
L. Pelouse, C. F. Daubigny, Karl Daubig- 
ny, H. Delacroix (two), F. De Vere, La- 
zerges, V. G. Stiepevich, Jean Francis Mil- 

let, Anton Mauve, Felix Ziem, R. Eiser- 
mann, "The Trumpter of Sackingen" (six 
feet seven inches, by four feet six inches); 
others are attributed to Rembrandt, Peter 
Pourbus (1510-1583), David Teniers, Da- 
vid Teniers, the younger (1610-1690) 
(two); Dubois, Til Borg (1625-1678), Luca 
Giordano (1632-1701), "Europa" (six feet 
by five feet), from Prince Borghese sale, 
Rome, a fair rival of the artist's painting in 
the Berlin Gallery; Jean Steen, Gerhard 
Douw, Hans Memling (1440-1495), the 
eminent decorator of missals and church 
books; Jacob Backer (1609-1651), pupil of 
Rembrandt, "The Antiquarian" (six feet 
by four feet six inches), remarkable for its 
realism and as illustrative of the perma- 
nency of colors used by the old masters; 
Ostade, Minderhout Hobbima (born at 
Antwerp about 161 1), a small landscape of 
much grace and beauty; Holbein (1498- 
1543), portrait of his patron, Henry VIII, 
of England; Salvator Rosa; Ribera (1588- 
1656), Gerard (1770-1837), David Cox 
(1783-1859), etc., etc. 

The marble statuary includes life-size 
busts of Abraham Coles, by J. Q. A. Ward; 
William Harvey, by Horatio Stone; Walter 
Scott, by Chantrey, a copy of the one at 
Abbotsford; Eve and Charity, by Hiram 
Powers; a full-length statue of the Hebrew 
prophetess, Deborah, by Lombardi; Mar- 
tin Luther; a large copy of the Warwick 
Vase, in Cararra marble; the Village Black- 
smith, full length figure, by Shakespeare 
Wood; the Venus of Melos, half of the size 
of the original in the Louvre, cast in bronze 
for Dr. (^oles, at the foundry of Barbedi- 
enne; also bronzes by Barye, A. Gaudez, P. 
J. Mene, A. Mercie, Fournier, E. Pigault, 
G. Bareau, etc., etc. 

Since the exhibition, which was a sue- 



cess, the committee liavinjj the matter in 
liantl have secured a large comfortable 
home for the Newsboys and five hundred 
tlollars from Dr. Coles toward paying; for 

August, 1897, Dr. Coles wrote : 

R<-v. John Williams. D. D.. LL. D., Chantillor of 

Trinliy ("ollepe. 

I>ear Sir.— Helongring' to the estate of my father, ttie 
late Abraham Coles. A. M., M. D., Ph D., LL. D., 
Is a very heatitlful life-size bust of Mozart, the llrst 
and only one In bronze cast from the original model. 
It was made for and Imported by Messrs. Tiffany & 
Company, of New York city. To Trinity, as represent- 
ative of the Protestant Episcopal colleges In America, 
I, as executor of my father's estate, my sister, ICmllle 
S. Coles, cordially concurring, will be pleased to give 
this bronze, with Its imported marble itedeslal. as a 
memorial of tlie affectionate regard that existed be- 
tween my father and yourself while you were presi- 
dent, professor and chancellor of Trinity, dean of 
Berkeley Divinity School, chairman of the house of 
Bishops and Bishop of the Diocese of Connecticut, 
from which state came the founders of the city of 
Newark. In lt;i;6. 

The correspondence carried on between yourself and 
my father, relative to the latter's "unequaled transla- 
tions" of the "Dies Ir.-e." has suggested the seemingly 
eminent propriety of giving 10 Trinity the bust of "that 
great composer by whose means this immortal poem 
has come to be worthily wedded to immortal music." 

As a graduate of Columbia. I am personally gratified 
in knowing that my alma mater honored herself In 
honoring you, in 1S51. with the degree of LL. D. I'pon 
notification that the proffered gifts will he acceptable 
to the trustees of Trinity College. I will have the bust 
and Its pedestal boxed by Messrs. Tiffany & Company. 
and sent as you may direct, liy express, all charges 
prepaid. Awaiting your reply. I am. with great respect. 
Yours Sincerely. 

Replyinj,' to Dr. Coles, Ralph Birdsall, 
secretary to the Bishop, said : 

"Bishop Williams thanks you very much 
for your kind proposition, and when the 
fall term begins at Trinity College he will 
send notification, that proper action may 
be taken in the premises." 

Under a later date George Williamson 
Smith, D. D., LL. D., president of Trinity 
College, writes to Dr. Coles: 

"A letter just received from Bishop Will- 
iams informs me of your kind ofifer to pre- 
sent to Trinity College 'a life-size bronze 
bust of Mozart' from the estate of your fa- 
ther, the late Dr. Abraham Coles. We 

shall be very glad to have such a valuable 
addition to our rather meager collection of 
objects of art, and place it in Alumni Hall, 
where the portraits of benefactors and pres- 
idents are hung," 

From Trinity College, Hartford, Con- 
necticut, October _', 1S97, President Smith 
wrote : 

,"The boxes containing the bronze bust 
of Mozart and its marble pedestal have been 
opened and the work is placed in Alumni 
Hall, where it attracts attention and 
awakens great admiration. I beg leave to 
thank you in the name of the college, and 
will report the gift to the trustees at their 
next meeting," 

To Amherst College Dr. Coles has given, 
from his father's estate, an heroic-size bust 
of \'irgil, the only known bronze copy of 
the original in the Museum of the Louvre. 
It was cast at the foundry of Barbedienne, 
Paris, purposely for Dr, Coles, by order of 
Tiffany & Co,, and by them was appropri- 
atelv mounted on an imported pedestal of 
dark Italian marble. 

President Merrill E. Gates. Ph, D., L. 
H. D.. LL. D.. in his acknowledgment of 
the gift wrote : "The bust has great and 
exceptional value in itself, and coming 
from you. in memory of your father, his re- 
gard for Amherst and his relations with us 
in the past, it will have a double value." 

Dr. Coles sent, also, recently, a valuable 
bronze and pedestal to the home of Wash- 
ington at Mount \'ernon. the receipt of 
which gift has been courteously acknowl- 

The New York Observer says: "Dr. 
Coles has given princely gifts of art to pub- 
lic and educational institutions, but none 
more appropriate or better appreciated 
than his donation to the public, of a superb 



bronze bust of his distinguished father, the 
late Abraham Coles, physician, poet, au- 
thor and scientist, which, with its pedestal 
of historic and religious interest, was un- 
veiled in Newark, July 5, 1897." 

The following "Tribute," by RI. Win- 
chester Adams, is from the Newark Daily 
Advertiser : 

With thankfulness for the sweet hymns 

To comfort "all the days," 
And admiration in our hearts. 

Upon his face we gaze. 
He is not dead— no one is dead — 

Whose voice speaks through all time 
In adoration, faith and love 

In ev'ry clime. 

The little children whom he loved. 

Stop oft to read the song, 
"The Rock of Ages," wondrous words. 

So true and grand and strong. 
It gives the weary pilgrim strength, 

"God's mercy standeth fast," 
His promises "from age to age" 

For aye shall last. 

"Ever with Thee." perfect faith 

Abounds throughout the hymn; 
No more of sorrow, night or fear. 

Or tears the eye to dim. 
'T will comfort many, long years hence, - 

Whose lives have shadows gray, — 
And they will breathe a prayer of thank: 

As I, to-day. 

"As a gift for the new I)uilding, to be 
erected at the head of Washington Park, in 
Newark, N. J., for the Free Public Library, 
Dr. Coles," says The Republican (Spring- 
field, Massachusetts), "has ordered Messrs. 
Tififany & Co., of New York city, to have 
cast in bronze at the foundry of Barbedi- 
enne, France, a life-size bronze bust of 
George Washington, from the original 
model by Jean Antoine Houdon, whose full 
length statue of Washington in marble, 
modeled from life at Mt. Vernon, by order 
of the State of \'irginia, is, in the Capitol at 

"When the library building shall be 
ready for the reception of the bust cast es- 
pecially for it, Dr. Coles will give also a 
pedestal of marble and bronze, in harmony 

with its subject, and in keeping with the 
architecture of the entrance hall, or other 
site decided upon as most proper for its lo- 

"On February 22, 1898," says the Mor- 
ris County Chronicle, "Washington's birth- 
day was celebrated at the headquarters of 
the Washington Association at Morris- 
town. Austin Scott, LL. D., president of 
Rutgers College, delivered an able address 
on Washington. Jonathan W. Roberts, 
president of the Washington Association, 
then briefly announced the receipt of a val- 
uable bronze from Dr. J. Ackerman Coles, 
of Newark, and called upon the donor for 
some remarks concerning the same. Dr. 
Coles said : 

"As executor of the estate of my father, 
I would have been derelict in the discharge 
of my duty if, in the distribution of works 
of art to the various institutions of learning 
he loved, I had omitted to remember 
Washington's Headquarters, at Morris- 
town. N. J., a building that is said to have 
shehered more statesmen, military and 
naval heroes connected with our War for 
Independence than any other house in 
America, the home where for many months 
Martha Washington, as hostess, hospitably 
entertained her husband's guests; where 
Alexander Hamilton, during the winter of 
1779. met, laid siege to and won the heart 
of the daughter of General Schuyler; 
where, from time to time, gathered mem- 
bers of the Continental Congress, in front 
of which mansion Washington's body- 
guard of one hundred \'irginians kept 
watch day and night. 

"In every room and on every wall are 
objects of historic interest. Therefore, Mr. 
President, I esteem it a privilege and a 
pleasure to be permitted to add something 



thereto, and, as a member of the Washing- 
ton Association, in memory of my father, 
the late Dr. Abraham Coles, I now proffer 
for your acceptance the bronze medallion, 
bearing the stamp of Tiffany & Co., and en- 
titled "Triumviri Americani," representing 
in bas-relief life-size portraits of George 
Washington, Abraham Lincoln and Ulys- 
ses S. Grant, and designated also, respec- 
tively, 'Pater, 1789-93,' 'Salvator, 1861-65,' 
'Custos, 1869-73' — father, saviour and pre- 
server, of the republic." 

Upon vote, the gift was unanimously ac- 
cepted, with many thanks. 

For the officers and graduates of An- 
dover, Massachusetts, Dr. Abraham Coles 
entertained both high regard and affection, 
and he often referred to the zeal, earnest- 
ness and devotion of Judson, Newell, Nott, 
Hall, Mills, Richards, Rice and others, that 
finally resulted in the founding, January 
28. 1810. of the American Board of Com- 
missioners for F"oreign Missions. To the 
trustees of Andover Theological Seminary 
Dr. Coles has sent, as a gift from his fa- 
ther's estate, a life-size bust of Mendels- 
sohn, whose oratorios of "St. Paul" and 
'"Elijah" have made their author's name im- 
mortal. The bust is the first made and 
probably only copy in bronze of the orig- 
inal in the Louvre. It was cast at the 
Barbedienne foundry, in Paris, especially 
for Dr. Coles, by order of Tiffany & Com- 

In 1878 Emilie S. Coles published the 
Mission Band Hymnal, consisting for the 
most part of liynms written by her father, 
at her request, to be sung to his favorite 
tunes. One of her own together with 
some of her father's composing were subse- 
quently incorporated in Hymns of the 
Ages, an excellent work compiled by the 

Rev. Robert P. Kerr, D. D., of Richmond, 
\'irginia, for the use of the churches, es- 
pecially those at the south. The preface 
to this work is written by the Rev. Moses 
D. Hoge, D. D., who was a beloved com- 
panion in foreign travel of the late Dr. 
Coles. Two of the hymns by Dr. Coles in 
this volume are "When Jesus speaks, so 
sweet the sound, the harps of heaven are 
hushed to hear" (Migdol, L. M., Arr., L. 
Mason), and the "Hymn of Dedication," 
beginning "We can not build alone" 
(Brooklyn, H. M. — J. Zundel). We give 
below tli€ words of the familiar hymn 
known by the name "Adoration," com- 
posed and written by Miss Coles, to the 
tune "Berlin" (Mendelssohn's Songs With- 
out Words), but in "Hymns of the Ages," 
set to the tune of "Eventide," by W. H. 
Monk, and to Troyte's Chant No. i. 

Xow lift we Hymns of heart-felt to Thee, 
Our Klner. Redeemer. Saviour, Brother, Friend'. 

And when Thy face we, In Thy likeness, se*. 
Our adoration-song shall never end: 

Then shall we sing— when with our God we reign. 
Serving Thee, ever. In most holy ways— 

"Worthy the Lamb who once for us was slain'." 
That Song, forever new, of ceaseless praise. 

While here we tarry In this world of need. 
Seeking the lost ones who In darkness roam, 

Thy little floi.k. Good Shepherd, gently lead. 
And bear Thy lambs In safely to Thy Home. 


Frederick William Ricord, son of Jean 
Baptiste I^icord and Elizabeth (Stryker) 
Ricord. was born in Guadeloupe, West In- 
dies. October 7, 1819. and died in Newark, 
New Jersey. August 13, 1897. 

Mr. Ricord represented several lines of 
descent, including the Holland Dutch of 
his maternal grandfather, whose family set- 
tled in New Amsterdam in 1652, where 
Jan Stryker, of Ruiven, the first bearer of 
the name to come to America, was a man 



of no little importance, and later was the 
founder of a Dutch colony on Long Island, 
the modern name of which is Flatbush. 
Jan Stryker was its first chief magistrate, 
which oi^ce he held for twenty years. This 
family was one both ancient and honorable 
in Holland. Of its pedigree fourteen de- 
scents are given in Holland up to 1791. 

Of the French line of Mr. Ricord's line of 
ancestry, it may be said to include Hugue- 
not and Girondist blood, the French Revo- 
lution being chiefly responsible for its emi- 
gration to America, his grandfather Ricord 
having fled to this country in 1793 to es- 
cape, with his young wife and little chil- 
dren, the horrors of that terrible era. 

Jean Baptiste, the father of the subject of 
this memoir, who always bore the family 
title of Madianna, which belonged to him 
as the eldest son of the family, studied med- 
icine, was graduated at the College of Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons of New York, and 
practiced medicine in this country and at 
his home in the West Indies. He is well 
known as the author of several valuable 
scientific works. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Ricord, wife of Dr. 
Ricord, was a pioneer in the higher educa- 
tion of women, the friend and associate of 
Mary Lyon, Emma Willard and other early 
educators. Bereft of husband and left with 
four sons to educate, she returned from the 
West Indies to America to give to her boys 
the advantages of a Christian land and 
civilization. In that day it was not custo- 
mary for women to face the world, as now 
may be done, without call for special effort 
or courage. Delicately reared, the daugh- 
ter of a clergyman, Rev. Peter Stryker, ac- 
customed throughout married life abroad 
to the dependent life of the wife of a large 
slaveholder, Mrs. Ricord came to America 

to fight her way with an entire change of 
environment. At once she decided upon 
the life of a teacher as that which, while 
supporting herself, would also be a life of 
help to others. To this end she opened a 
school in Woodbridge, New Jersey, where 
her youngest son died. As her worldly 
goods increased she was enabled to realize, 
in larger degree, the idea which had long 
been uppermost in her mind, in engaging 
in the work of teaching, which was that of 
establishing a school where young women 
might have educational advantages of- 
fered to them, greater than any given by 
the schools of her own girlhood. To this 
end she opened, in 1829, in Geneva, New 
York, her seminary for young women, in 
which institution an education was made 
possible for women that was upon a par 
with that offered by the higher schools for 
voung men. She was eminently successful 
in her undertaking; her seminary took first 
rank, and its jnipils were numbered by 
thousands during the many years of its 

As an immediate outcome of her under- 
taking, Mrs. Ricord was enabled to send all 
of her three remaining sons through col- 
lege and give to two of them a legal, and 
to the other, a medical, education. Fred- 
erick W., the youngest of the three, the 
subject of this sketch, graduated at both 
Hobart and Rutgers Colleges, completed 
his law studies, and was admitted to the 
bar of the state of New York. In 1843 he 
married Sophia, daughter of William Brad- 
ley, whose family represented one of the 
best of New England. Upon her mother's 
side, Sophia Bradley was a descendant of 
Governor William Bradford, of the Ply- 
mouth Colony, and also of Governor John 
Webster, of the Connecticut Colony. 



•Mr. Ricord did not follow his legal pro- 
fession, but, shortly after marriage, having 
taken up his residence in Newark, New 
Jersey, he began teaching, and occupied 
his spare time with literary pursuits, as a 
writer for papers, magazines and later as 
the author and editor of many works. His 
life is too well known by those among 
whom it was spent to need mention in de- 
tail. As a public officer he is known as one 
above bribe or corruption, jealous in his 
adherence to right, the tool of no man. 
His attitude on the wood-pavement ques- 
tion is too well known in the city of New- 
ark to need rehearsal. Through his action 
liundreds of thousands of dollars were 
saved to the city and to its citizens as indi- 
viduals. As state superintendent, Mr. 
Ricord did much to systematize the educa- 
tional afifairs of the state. During the sev- 
enteen years of his connection with the 
Board of Education of Newark he did also 
important work for city educational mat- 
ters. Although offered chairs in various 
well known colleges and universities, Mr. 
Ricord preferred to live in the city of his 
choice, and therefore accepted none of 
these offered positions, although he was 
not insensible to their honor. Nor did he 
ever accept the honor of representing his 
constituents in the state legislature or 
I'nited States legislative bodies, although 
he was asked to accept nominations for 

From boyhood Mr. Ricord belonged to 
the church of his Holland ancestors, but 
was, for the last forty years of his life, a 
member of the Presbyterian church. For 
many years he was superintendent of one 
of the first colored Sunday schools in the 

During the fifty-four years of his resi- 
dence in Newark Mr. Ricord occupied the 
various positions and oflices of librarian of 
the Newark Library Association, member 
and president of the board of education, 
state superintendent of public schools, 
sheriff of Essex county, mayor of the city 
of Newark, judge of various courts, and 
librarian and treasurer of the New Jersey 
Historical Society. He was a member and 
Master of St. John's Lodge, F. & A. M., 
and connected with many literary and edu- 
cational societies and bodies, both in his 
own and other states. He was the author 
of many works and the translator of many 
more. His Youth's Grammar and His- 
tories of Rome were, for many years, lead- 
ing text-books in the schools of the land. 
He was emphatically a linguist, being mas- 
ter of fourteen languages and dialects, and 
was, during his long life of literary work, 
editor of many magazines, papers and bio- 
graphical works. 

The political record of Mr. Ricord is 
without stain. In his social life he was 
known and loved as a man of pure life and 
noble thought, of warm heart and courte- 
ous bearing, a man to whom the pomps 
anil vanities of life had little value, and the 
approval of his own conscience was the best 
reward. He was a tireless worker and a 
man of rare simplicity of character. Of the 
possessions and treasures of a long life, 
none were so dear to this man of unworldly 
thought, as the friendsliips he made and 
held as the best gifts of the God he wor- 

[A portrait of Judge Ricord appears in 
connection with the introductory article of 
this volume. — The Publishers.] 




a progressive agriculturist of Caldwell 
township, was born in Schuyler county, 
New York, on the 25th of October, 1858, 
and is a son of John and Lettie (Folley) 
De Baun. His father was born in Bergen 
county. New Jersey, in 1813, and in his 
early life he worked as a carpenter in that 
locality and in New York city, locating 
about the year 1847 '" Schuyler county, 
whence he came to his late residence in 
Essex county in 1866, purchasing a farm 
near Clinton, and there resided until his 
death, which occurred on the 24th of Jan- 
uary, 1895. His father was an American 
bv birth, although his ancestors were of 
French origin. Mrs. De Baun was the 
daughter of William Folley, of Bergen 
county, New Jersey, was born July 9, 1818, 
and died December 3, 1897, and to her and 
her husband were born the following 
named children : Abram, of Paterson, New 
Jersey; Maria, wife of Charles C. Harvey, 
of Schuyler county, New York; Catherine, 
wife of Adonile King; Jeremiah R., who 
was a member of Company G, One Hun- 
dred and Ninth New York Volunteer In- 
fantry, and who died in the service near the 
close of the war; Peter, of Minneapolis, 
Minnesota; Ella O., wife of John H. Pier; 
Emma O., wife of Edward P. Bush; and 
John \V. and Amos. 

John W. De Baun acquired a limited 
amount of schooling while growing up on 
his father's farm, and at the age of twenty- 
four he left the old homestead and removed 
to a small farm he had previously secured, 
and there engaged in the bu.siness of mar- 
ket gardening. Fifty dollars was all the 
money he possessed with which to make the 
first payment on the farm, from which it 

may be inferred that his initial movements- 
were indeed but primitive. His industry 
and unfaltering perse\erance brought their 
own reward, and in time his improvements 
were all made, his farm paid for and he 
had accumulated a surplus to be used in 
any possible emergency. His was the first 
truck wagon to make a trip from the vi- 
cinity of Fairfield to the Newark market, — ■ 
a fact that establishes him as the pioneer 
truck farmer of Fairfield. In his political 
belief Mr. De Baun is a stanch advocate of 
Republican principles and he is a member 
of the school board in his district. 

The marriage of INIr. De Baun was cele- 
brated at Boston, Massachusetts, on the 
25th of December, 1883, when he was 
united to Miss Abbie M. Kimball, a daugh- 
ter of Washington Kimball, of Bucksport, 
Maine, and their children are: Inez W., 
Roscoe W.. Ruth E., John W., Jr., and 
Sadie A. 


The Bush family is one of the oldest and 
most honored in Essex county, the found- 
ing of it having occurred during colonial 
times. "Governor" Bush, the grandfather 
of our subject, was born in the neighbor- 
hood of Clinton, as was his son William, 
the father of Edward P., the birth of whom 
occurred about the year 181 2. A few years 
of his early married life were passed in To- 
ledo, Ohio, but he returned to his native 
county before the war and was one of the 
]irominent Democratic leaders for many 
years, serving as justice of the peace of his 
township, collector of the same, a member 
of the Essex county road board, was county 
collector for two or three terms, and about 
the year 1872 he w^as elected sheriff of 
Essex county. He was united in marriage: 

E.^SEX rnrxTY. 


to Miss Charlotte Pierce, a daughter of 
Edward Pierce, and she died in 1884, sur- 
vived by the following children : Ezra, of 
Brooklyn, New York; Antoinette, the wife 
of Charles Demorest: Charles, of South- 
ampton, Long Island; James K.; Cyn- 
thia, who married W. H. Barton; Sarah, 
the wife of John R. Jacobus; and Edward 
P., the immediate subject of this sketch. 

Edward P. Bush, one of the representa- 
tive farmers of Essex county, was born on 
the homestead which is now in his posses- 
sion on the loth of June, 1852, and received 
such literary education as was afforded by 
the district schools of that vicinity. He 
subsequently adopted the calling which his 
ancestors had followed for several genera- 
tions before him, that of farming, and has 
continued to successfully devote his efforts 
in the pursuit of that line of industry. 

On the 31st of December, 1876, Mr. 
Bush was united in marriage to Miss 
Emma O. De Baun, and they are the 
parents of five children : Ada, Norman C, 
Grover, Florence and Elsie. 


of Caldwell, one of the progressive and 
thrifty farmers and gardeners of Caldwell 
township, was born on the farm which he 
now owns, February 27, 1855. Through- 
out the century the Pier family has been 
represented in Essex county, the grandfa- 
ther of our subject, John Pier, having been 
born within its borders, while his residence 
throughout life was maintained in Pier 
Lane. His son. Simon D. Pier, the father. 
was born in Fairfield, in 181 5. and followed 
the carpenter's trade in connection with 
agricultural pursuits. He married Caro- 
line Cole, a daughter of Richard Cole, a 
representative of one of the early families 

of the county, and they became the parents 
of four children, namely: Richard; Abbie, 
wife of Henry Bird; Hattie. wife of Charles 
Garrabrant; and John H. 

John H. Pier has spent his entire life at 
the place of his birth. He obtained his ed- 
ucation in the common schools, and no 
event of special importance occurred dur- 
ing, his youth, which was spent in the 
school-room, on the farm, or enjoying boy- 
ish sports with the lads of the neighbor- 
hood. In his younger years he learned 
the carpenter's trade, serving an appren- 
ticeship to Nicholas Bond, of Caldwell, and 
after mastering the business he followed it 
as a means of livelihood for twelve years. 
Out of his wages he managed to save 
enough capital to purchase his present 
farm, and has since engaged in raising veg- 
etables for the city market. 'His land is sys- 
tematically laid out, being divided into beds 
of convenient size, and his thorough under- 
standing of his business enables him to util- 
ize his ground to the best advantage. He 
raises an excellent quality of vegetables and 
finds a good market for his products. He 
is now enjoying a good and profitable busi- 
ness and is certainly deserving the success 
which is attending his efforts. 

In 187S Mr. Pier was united in marriage, 
the lady of his choice being Miss Ella O. 
a daughter of John De Baun, and they have 
two children, — Hazel and Charles. 


of Bloomfield, township clerk and secretary 
of the board of health, was born in Bloom- 
field township, Essex county, on the 13th 
of July, 1866. For a century both his pa- 
ternal and maternal ancestors have been 
residents of this section of the state. His 
grandfather, Thomas V. Johnson, was 



luini in New Jersey and made his home in 
Newark (Un'ing the great part of his hfe. 
The maternal grandfather was Simeon 
Riggs Hayes, also a native of the state, 
liis parents, J. Cory and Sally W. (Hayes) 
Johnson, were born and reared in Essex 
county and for many }ears he has been the 
special agent for the Mutual Benefit Insur- 
ance Company, of Newark, New Jersey, 
and agent for the Mutual Life Insurance 
Company, of New York, with office in 

The gentleman whose name begins this 
review spent the greater part of his youth 
in Bloomfield, where he attended the pub- 
lic schools. Later he pursued a commer- 
cial course in the business academy in 
Newark and on its completion entered 
upon his business career as a salesman in 
thg wholesale and retail store of William 
Whitty, of Newark, in Avhose employ he 
remained for three years. He then ac- 
cepted a position as salesman for S. S. Pe- 
loubet, of New York city, with whom he 
continued for two years, after which he 
dealt in law books in New York city and 
carried on business with good success for 
four years. On the expiration of that pe- 
riod he disposed of his business in order to 
assume the duties of township clerk, to 
which position he had been elected in the 
spring of 1892. So acceptably and faith- 
fully has he served in that capacity that he 
has been twice re-elected without opposi- 

Mr. Johnson was married in 1890, the 
lady of his choice being Miss Arvilla G. 
Dancer, of Bloomfield, a daughter of 
Thomas L. and Anna (Kent) Dancer. Mr. 
and Mrs. Johnson are well known and have 
the warm regard gf a large circle of friends 
in Bloomfield. 

Mr. Johnson has taken a very active part 
in the affairs of the city and lends his sup- 
port to every movement calculated to bene- 
fit the community, materially, socially or 
morally. He was for nine years a member 
of the Bloomfield Hook & Ladder Com- 
pany, and for four years has been foreman, 
still occupying this position. He is a val- 
ued and prominent member of various be- 
nevolent and social organizations, is past 
regent of the Bloomfield Council of the 
Royal Arcanum; also a member of the Im- 
proved Order of Heptasophs. which 
was organized in June, 1893; o^ the Loyal 
Additional Benefit Association, of which 
he is treasurer; treasurer of the Exempt 
Firemen's Association, and a member of 
Bloomfield Lodge, No. 40, F. & A. 'SI. In 
politics he is a stalwart Republican and be- 
longs to the Lincoln Republican Club. Al- 
ways courteous and genial, he possesses a 
social disposition that well fits him for the 
important part which he has taken in pub- 
lic aft'airs. His life record will bear the 
closest scrutiny and commends him to the 
good will and respect of all. 


True biography has a nobler purpose 
than mere fulsome eulogy. The historic 
spirit faithful to the record, the discerning 
judgment unmoved by prejudice and un- 
colored by enthusiasm are as essential in 
giving the life of the individual as in writ- 
ing the history of a people. Indeed, the 
ingenuousness of the former picture is 
even more vital, because the individual is 
the national unit, and if the unit be justly 
estimated the complex organism will be- 
come correspondingly intelligible. The 
world to-day is what the leading men of the 

y i^ cef . cy. J/L^C^^..,,-^^ 


IJssiJX rorwTY. 


last generation liave made it. From the 
past has come tlie legacy of the present. 
Art, science, statesmanship, government 
are accumulations. They constitute an in- 
heritance upon which the present genera- 
tion have entered, and the advantages 
secured from so vast a bequeathment de- 
pend entirely upon the fidelity with which 
is conducted the study of the lives of the 
principal actors who have transmitted the 
legacy. This is especially true of those 
whose influence has passed beyond the con- 
fines of locality and permeated the national 
character. To such a careful study are the 
life, character and services of the late Fred- 
erick T. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey, pre- 
eminently entitled, not only on the part of 
the student of biography but of every citi- 
zen who, guided by the past, would in the 
present wisely build for the future. 

Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen, who 
rose to the distinction of being secretary of 
state in President Arthur's cabinet, was 
born in the village of Millstone, in the 
county of Somerset, state of New Jersey, 
on the 4th day of August, 1817. His hon- 
ored ancestry, distinguished for piety, elo- 
quence and patriotism, traces back, in 
direct line, to the Rev. Theodorus Jacobus 
Frelinghuysen, who was born in Holland 
and there educated and ordained to the 
ministry in the Reformed Dutch church. 
In the year 1720 this pious ancestor emi- 
grated to America, in obedience to a call 
from the Dutch churches of America to 
the classis of Amsterdam. In his ministry 
in this country he occupied almost the en- 
tire county of Somerset, with parts of 
Middlesex and Hunterdon, as the field of 
his missionary labors. He was laborious, 
devoted, successful. His motto, found in- 
scribed upon a small collection of his ser- 

mons printed in 1733, was "Laudcm non 
quero; Culpam non timeo," — "I ask not 
praise; I fear not blame." In a successful 
ministry of more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury he stamped upon the religious faith 
and character of the Holland inhabitants of 
Somerset county an impress which is trace- 
able down the generations to the present 
day. His undaunted attitude toward the 
colonial courts of magistracy in the en- 
croachments of the Church of ' England 
upon the Reformed Dutch faith and polity 
was characteristic of the deep spirit of 
religious freedom with which he was in- 
spired and which he transmitted to his 
descendants. He had five sons ordained 
to the ministry and two daughters who 
married ministers. 

The second of the five sons was Rev. 
John Frelinghuysen, who was educated 
and ordained in Holland and succeeded to 
the labors of his father in 1750, with his 
residence in Somerville. Here he estab- 
lished a preparatory and divinity school, 
which became the nucleus of a college, and 
from which, through one of his pupils, the 
Rev. Dr. Hardenburg, was evolved 
Queen's College, now Rutgers, of which 
Dr. Hardenburg became the first president. 
The Rev. John Frelinghuysen was a man 
of brilliant gifts, and was popular and suc- 
cessful as a preacher. He died suddenly 
in 1754, leaving a wife, who was the 
daughter of a wealthy and distinguished 
East India merchant residing at Amster- 
dam. Her name was Dinah Van Berg. 
She was a very remarkable and highly 
gifted Christian woman, and subsequently, 
as the wife of Dr. Hardenburg, was known 
in all the Dutch churches in Holland and 

The son of Rev. John Frelinghuysen and 



Dinah Van Berg was General Frederick 
Frelinghuysen, of Revolntionary fame, who 
was born in Somervilie, April 13, 1753. He 
is, in this sketch, the central representa- 
tive, being the grandson of the ancestor 
and the grandfather of the late secretary of 
state. He graduated at Princeton in the 
class of 1770 and was a classmate of Presi- 
dent James Madison and S. Stanhope 
Smith. D. D.. LL. D.. who later became 
president of Princeton. He was admitted 
to the bar of New Jersey, became a member 
of the provincial congress of New Jersey, 
of the committee of safety, and was a 
member of the continental congress at 
different times. He was captain of a corps 
of artillery in the Revolutionary war and 
took part in the battles of Trenton and 
Monmouth. He was afterward made ma- 
jor-general of the militia in the Whisky 
rebellion, and was a member of the United 
States senate, from New Jersey, from 1793 
to 1796. He died in 1804, highly hon- 
ored and eulogized. He left three sons. 
General John Frelinghuysen, Theodore 
Frelinghuysen, and Frederick Frelinghuy- 
sen, — all men of public distinction and rep- 

General John Frelinghuysen was a grad- 
uate of Queen's College, was frequently a 
member of the state council, and under the 
old constitution was popular in politics. 
Military in tastes, he commanded a regi- 
ment at Sandy Hook, in the war of 1812, 
and in the absence of the chaplain officiated 
as such himself. He was for years surro- 
gate of the county of Somerset and held 
numerous private and public trusts. 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, the second 
son, who achieved high distinction as an 
educator, as well as a jurist and statesman, 
was the uncle of the distinguished secre- 

tary, whom he had adopted as a son. He 
graduated at Princeton. It has been said 
of him : "His name was enshrined in the 
popular heart. He was the Christian's 
model man, an elocjuent senator, an emi- 
nent jurist, a patriotic statesman and, in 
his later years, an educator of young men 
in college." At the time of his death he 
was president of Rutgers College and was 
revered for his greatness and goodness 

Frederick Frelinghuysen, the youngest 
of the three sons of General Frederick and 
the father of the late Secretary, was born in 
Millstone November 7, 1788. He, too, 
was educated at Princeton, and being ad- 
mitted to the bar commenced practice in 
his native town of Millstone, where he 
rapidly acquired a lucrative practice and 
brilliant reputation. Though suddenly 
stricken down b}' death in his thirty-second 
year, he is remembered as a natural orator, 
with a fervid imagination, a buoyant tem- 
perament, and as possessing great power 
over juries. He died suddenly in 1820, 
leaving surviving him his young widow, 
daughter of Peter B. Dumont, Esq., who 
owned a valuable plantation on the south 
bank of the Raritan, near Somervilie; and 
also leaving three daughters and two sons, 
the younger son being Frederick Theo- 
dore Frelinghuysen, the late secretary of 
state in President Arthur's cabinet. 

Young Frederick was only three years 
of age when his father died, and immedi- 
ately thereafter he was adopted by his 
uncle Theodore and taken to live with him 
in Newark. It is especially satisfactory to 
record that, inheriting his father's natural 
gifts, his eloquent speech and fervid emo- 
tions, and partaking of the refinement and 
comeliness of his mother, whose heart was 

i:ssi:\ roi \TY 


ever tilled with ambitious aspirations for 
the honorable career of her son, the loss of 
his father could not have been more fully 
compensated than it was, by the care and 
custody of the little boy in the guardian- 
ship of his distinguished uncle, who, hav- 
ing no children of his own, lavished upon 
him all the means that could be employed 
in his training and culture. Mis prepara- 
tory education alternated between the 
academy at Newark and the academy at 
Somerville. He entered Rutgers College 
as a sophomore and graduated in the class 
of 1836, a class conspicuous for names 
that subsequently became eminent. While 
a student in college Mr. Frelinghuysen's 
prepossessing personal appearance, his tall, 
slender figure, neatly attired, his hand- 
some, glowing face, together with a dig- 
nified and manly bearing, gave him a sin- 
gularly attractive and impressive presence. 
John F. Hageman. a classmate, speaking 
of him at this time says: "His natural 
talents were of a high order, but he had 
no specialties in his studies, no genius for 
the higher mathematics, no special fond- 
ness for the physical sciences. While his 
standing was good in the classics and in 
the general studies prescribed, it was evi- 
dent that he enjoyed most the branches of 
mental and moral philosophy, logic and 
rhetoric. Oratory had a charm for him. 
He seemed to have a prescience of the path 
in life he was destined to pursue, and all 
his stutlies were subordinated to that end." 
Upon graduation Mr. Frelinghuysen en- 
tered at once upon the study of law in the 
office of his uncle Theodore, at Newark. 
The advantages and training which he re- 
ceived here were of e.xceptional value. 
His uncle was a lawyer of the highest rank, 
learned in his profession and a most per- 

suasive and powerful advocate, his legal 
ability having won for him the eminent 
distinction of the attorney-generalship of 
his native state. After three years of 
study the subject of this memoir was ad- 
mitted to the bar as attorney, and three 
years later, in 1842, he was admitted as 

At this juncture two iniportaiu events 
in his history were to be recorded. — the 
public profession of his religious faith, by 
which he formed ecclesiastical relations 
with the church of his ancestors, the Re- 
formed Dutch church, and secondly, his 
marriage to Miss Matilda Griswold, the 
accomplished daughter of George A. Gris- 
wold, a wealthy and conspicuous merchant 
of New York city. These two relations, 
the church and the home, ever afterward 
held the heart of Mr. Frelinghuysen, and 
were his chief joy to the day of his death. 

Mr. Frelinghuysen stood on high vant- 
age ground at the very start of his pro- 
fessional career in Newark. Succeeding 
to the office and library of his uncle, 
whither the old clients of the elder Fre- 
linghuysen were accustomed to resort for 
professional services, now that his uncle 
had become chancellor of the University of 
New York, the young attorney was wel- 
comed as the representative successor of 
the venerable jurist and senator, loved and 
revered for so many years: and he received 
the sympathy and support of the business 
men, — the merchants and the manufactur- 
ers of Newark. A host of influential 
friends gathered arouml him. The relig- 
ious classes cherished an afTection for his 
name: the Newark bar took him into their 
special favor, and the whole community 
bestowed upon him their plaudits and good 
will. Besides, the helping hand and warm 



recognition of such men as Cliief-Justice 
Hornblower, Asa Whitehead, Elias Van 
Arsdale, Governor Pennington, John P. 
Jackson, Ohver S. Halsted and many other 
leading lawyers were extended to him. 
He was soon appointed city attorney, an 
office bringing him in contact with the in- 
dustrial classes and securing for him a 
general interest in the government and 
business of the city. His early appoint- 
ment as the retained counsel of the New 
Jersey Central Railroad Company and the 
Morris Canal & Banking Company pro- 
vided a rare field for the development and 
exhibition of his legal capabilities. Re- 
quired to appear before courts and juries 
in different counties, in hotly contested 
suits at law, meeting as antagonists the 
strongest counsel in the state and abroad, 
and in the highest courts of the state, 
within a few years he stood in the foremost 
rank of the New Jersey bar. He became 
not only an eloc|uent advocate, capable of 
swaying juries, but an able lawyer, prepar- 
ing and conducting most important cases 
with strategic skill and eminent success. 
A formidable antagonist in any cause, civil 
or criminal, his practice became lucrative 
and enviable. It is especially noteworthy 
that in achieving his eminence at the bar 
he relied not more upon his eloquence and 
genius than upon the unwearied diligence 
with which he studied and toiled. 

Patriotism was a strong virtue and an 
inheritance in Mr. Frelinghuysen and he 
kept well read in the politics of his state 
and country. He was frequently called to 
address large political gatherings. As far 
back as 1840 he was one of the speakers at 
the Whig state convention, at Trenton, 
in the presidential campaign of that mem- 
orable year. Having acquired eminent 

legal distinction, and with an unbroken 
line of ancestry standing high in the annals 
of honorable official positions, his ambition 
to follow in the same path was a logical 
sequence. It is recorded that the only 
instance in which he failed to obtain the 
appointment he desired was in 1857, when 
he was a candidate for the attorney-gen- 
eralship of New Jersey, ex-Senator William 
L. Dayton, who failed in re-election as 
United States senator, being the success- 
ful candidate. But in 1861, Attorney- 
General Dayton being nominated by Presi- 
dent Lincoln as minister to France, Gov- 
ernor Olden, who had in the meantime 
been elected governor, appointed Mr. Fre- 
linghuysen to the vacant place. In 1866, 
when the term of the office of attorney- 
general expired, Marcus L. Ward, who was 
then governor, renominated Mr. Freling- 
huysen for a new term in that office. He 
filled this office with eminent ability. It 
was the stormy period of the civil war, and 
the legislation of that day demanded much 
special labor, attention and official assist- 
ance. During this trying period he spent 
the most of his time at Trenton, in dis- 
charging the duties of his office and bravely 
sustaining the governor in defending the 
Union. The years which covered the war 
of the Rebellion were pre-eminently an 
educational period, — one that tested and 
demanded the profoundest application of 
the minds of public men to comprehend 
the principles of civil government and to 
solve the hard problems that rose out of 
the attempted secession of states and the 
question of the rights of freedmen. No one 
learned more rapidly and thoroughly in 
this school for making statesmen than did 
Attorney-General Frelinghuysen, who had 
already become one of the most popular 



political speakers in his state, being well 
read in history and the politics of the coun- 
try and capable of electrifying the masses 
when he appeared before them. 

Thus prepared, upon the death of Will- 
iam Wright, of Newark, United States 
senator from New Jersey, in 1866, Gover- 
nor Ward appointed Mr. Frelinghuysen as 
Mr. Wright's successor, and he took his 
seat in the senate in December, 1866. In 
the winter of 1867 he was elected by the 
legislature to fill the unexpired term of 
Mr. Wright, which would end March 4, 
1869. At the expiralion of his term the 
legislature of New Jersey was Democratic, 
but Mr. Frelinghuysen had taken such 
high rank in the senate and had been so 
able and eloquent a supporter of President 
Grant's administration that, in 1870, he 
was nominated by President Grant, and 
confirmed by the senate, as minister to 
England. This honorable position, which 
the most ambitious public men have so 
fondly coveted, Mr. Frelinghuysen, singu- 
larly enough, declined. The reason, which 
did not appear until after his death, throws 
a beautiful sidelight upon Mr. Freling- 
huysen's intense devotion to the purity and 
simplicity of his home life. It is recorded 
that he stated in private conversation that 
he declined '"because Mrs. Frelinghuysen 
was opposed to exposing her children to 
the influence of court life which the mis- 
sion would involve," and he yielded to her 
wish. In 1871, however, there again oc- 
curred in the senate a vacancy to be filled 
from New Jersey for a full term, and the 
legislature was Republican. The public 
eye was at once directed toward Mr. Fre- 
linghuysen, and after a spirited struggle in 
caucus he was elected by the legislature, for 
a term of six years, from 1871. 

It was in the senate that Mr. Frelinghuy- 
sen added the choicest laurels to his fame. 
The senate chamber was admirably adapted 
to his tastes and qualifications. \'erscd in 
the science of law and civil government, 
possessed of oratorical graces, with keen 
and skillful dialectic power in debate, of 
fine presence and dignity of action, con- 
scious of integrity, nerved with indomit- 
able courage blended with faultless Chris- 
tian courtesy, with an inborn patriotism, 
and spurred on by ancestral prestige, he 
entered at once into the honors of the sen- 
ate and became a prominent and leading 
member of that august body. He was 
there during the reconstruction period, 
when every phase of legislation required 
the profoundest statesmanship, but he was 
both ready and ripe, diligent, assiduous 
and watchful and alert to grapple every 
new and important question that arose. 
As a memljer of the judiciary committee, 
the finance committee, the committee on 
naval aft'airs. the committee on claims and 
on railroads and as chairman of the com- 
mittee on agriculture he was charged with 
a varied and often perplexing responsibil- 

During his career in the senate he took 
part in the impeachment trial of President 
Johnson, and his judicial opinion, filed in 
the public record of that court, was brief, 
clear and convincing. He took a promi- 
nent part in the debate on the Washing- 
ton treaty, and also in the French arms 
controversy, and he raised his voice em- 
phatically against polygamy as engrafted 
upon the body politic of Utah. The meas- 
ure to return to Japan the balance of the 
indenmity fund not used for the payment 
of American claims, though just and hon- 
orable, was not carried until after a pro- 



longed struggle, and the success of this 
measure was due to Senator Frelinghuy- 
sen's efforts. He introduced the bill to 
restore a gold currency and he took charge 
of Mr. Sumner's bill for reconstruction 
after the Massachusetts statesman had be- 
come unable to look after it. 

It is impossible in a limited sketch to 
enter into details concerning even Senator 
Frelinghuysen's more notable speeches, 
through which he made a brilliant record 
for himself and his state. He voted and 
spoke invariably against the inundation of 
the flood of bills for relief which were 
founded upon claims of southern loyalists 
during the war, and which, if carried to 
their logical consequences, would have 
swamped the national treasury. He spoke 
on the supplementary reconstruction bill, 
in 1868, with great eloquence and force 
and with a radicalism born of sagacious 
conservatism. The situation was a critical 
one. The constitutional amendments 
formed the background, and the state gov- 
ernments of the south must be reorganized. 
The white population refused to reorganize 
and recognize at the same time the rights 
guaranteed to the freedman by the consti- 
tutional amendments. The alternative on 
the part of congress was to confer on the 
freedman full citizenship, — the right to 
vote and to be voted for. Senator Freling- 
huysen, always cautious and conservative, 
upon this question became as radical as any 
senator on the Republican side, and bril- 
liantly and with rare logic and force, cov- 
ering in his arguments both the "sover- 
eignty" of the nation and the constitution- 
ality of the reconstruction laws, not only 
kept pace with the advance of public sen- 
timent but sagaciouslv stood for a govern- 

ment which should be the same in every 

A change in the political party in control 
of the state retired Senator Frelinghuysen 
from the senate at the expiration of his 
term, March 4, 1877; but he was not left 
long unemployed in the public service of 
his country. Upon the tragic death of 
President Garfield, Vice-President Arthur 
succeeded to the presidency under embar- 
rassing circumstances. His own party, 
irritated and distracted, extended to him 
meager sympathy. Under these trying 
circumstances he invited ex-Senator Fre- 
linghuysen to take the first place in his 
cabinet, as secretary of state. It would 
have been difficult for him to place at his 
right hand a secretary whose education in 
political science and international law, and 
whose experience at the bar and in the sen- 
ate, united with exalted character, so thor- 
oughly qualified him for that high position 
as those Mr. Frelinghuysen possessed. The 
foreign policy of the administration was 
correspondingly pacific and honorable, con- 
ciliating but firm. In negotiating inter- 
national treaties, taking in the scope of the 
subject matter, anticipating contingencies 
liable to arise in the far future, adjusting 
the conflicting interests of industries, reve- 
nues and commerce of nations. Secretary 
Frelinghuysen, in labor and responsibility, 
sustained the heaviest burden of his life. 
The two treaties that cost the secretary the 
most exhaustive labor in their general pro- 
visions were probably the Spanish treaty, 
which President Arthur submitted for rati- 
fication near the close of his term, and the 
great treaty involving the building of the 
Nicaragua canal. Both failed of ratifica- 
tion. The preparation and procurement of 



the latter international rlocument will ever 
remain a nioniunent lo Secretary Freling- 
hiiysen's skill, industry and statesmanship, 
standing alike creditable to himself and to 
the department of state. This survey of 
the early and political career of the late sec- 
retary has necessarily been rapid and frag- 
mentary, but a volume of details would 
have continued to challenge only respect 
and admiration. 

As in public so in private life Secretary 
Frelinghuysen was a model man. At 
home he was the center of the affections 
of his family; in the church, which was his 
supreme delight, he was a pillar; on the 
platform of religious associations, at Sun- 
day-school and Bible-society anniversaries. 
he was from early manhood a familiar, pop- 
ular and eloquent speaker. At the time of 
his death he was president of the American 
Bible Society. The religious element in 
his character was positive and of a high 
type. A close student of the Bible, repos- 
ing in the orthodox faith of his fathers, he 
was yet free from cant and narrowness and 
preserved throughout his public, as in his 
private career, the pre-eminent Christian 

The broader tields of his activity did not 
preclude his interest in and sympathy with 
the lesser and more local institutions. 
Schools, public libraries, young men's asso- 
ciations received his sympathy and assist- 
ance, and in higher education he was ever 
mindful of his alma mater, serving on her 
board of trustees for thirty-four years, from 
1851. He seldom addressed literary socie- 
ties, a notable exception being an oration 
before the literary societies of Princeton 
College in 1862, followed by the conferring 
upon him by that institution of the honor- 
ary degree of Doctor of Laws. 

On the 4th of March, 1885, upon the in- 
auguration of a new administration, Mr. 
Frelinghuysen surrendered his seat in the 
cabinet to his successor, Secretary Bayard. 
Laden with honors, he took with him the 
gratitude of his countrymen for his distin- 
guished services. Apparently he had en- 
joyed uniform good health, but the re- 
moval of his public official burdens revealed 
his bodily waste and weakness. He went 
from the cabinet to his home in Newark 
and to his dying bed. He was too ill to 
receive the congratulations anil welcome of 
his fellow citizens, who had thronged his 
home to greet his return. H6 fell into a 
comatose state, and in that condition the 
eminent statesman lay for several weeks, 
self-conscious, but almost dead to the 
workl. Day after day, for many weeks, 
expressions of sympathy and anxiety were 
telegraphed from all parts of the country, 
and the metropolitan press announced, by 
hourly bulletins, the reports of his attend- 
ing physicians. The end came. He died 
on the JOth of May, 1885. sixty-eight years 
of age, leaving a wife, three sons, — Fred- 
erick, George Griswold and Theodore, — 
and three daughters, — Miss Tille. Miss 
Lucy and Mrs. John Davis. 

Public expressions of sorrow and sym- 
pathy were numerous and eulogistic. The 
press, local, metropolitan and over the 
country, gave unwonted space to obituary, 
historical and editorial notices of the sad 
event and of the eminent public citizen. 
The Historical Society, then in session at 
Newark, not only expressed in elaborate 
resolutions their appreciation of his pub- 
lic services and their admiration of his 
high character, but attended the funeral in 
a body. The Newark bar did likewise. 
Secretary Bayard, of the department of 


£'.S'.S'£'X COUNTY. 

state at Washington, the governor of New- 
Jersey and the mayor of Newark all issued 
official proclamations announcing his 
death, and, besides paying high tribute to 
his memory, personally attended his fu- 
neral. Resolutions of sympathy and eulogy 
were adopted by the trustees of Rutgers 
College, by the church of which he was a 
member, by the American Bible Society, of 
which he was president, by other local 
Bible societies and also by numerous other 
public bodies. — religious, benevolent, po- 
litical and financial. — expressing their love 
and reverence for his life, character and 
services. • 

The obsequies were held in the North 
Reformed church, in Newark, on the after- 
noon of the 23d of May. Brief services 
were held at the house, previous to the 
gathering at the church, at which only the 
family, immediate relatives and intimate 
friends were assembled. Among those 
present were : Ex-President Arthur, Sen- 
ator Sewell, the Russian, French. Brazilian 
and Mexican ministers; Rev. Dr. Camp- 
bell, ex-president of Rutgers College; 
Comptroller Anderson; Mayor Haynes; 
Frederick H. Potts; Colonel McMichael 
Marshall, of the District of Columbia, wdio 
represented the jiresident; Judge Joel 
Parker and the distinguished bearers. The 
church was filled with the prominent men 
of state, — officials and private citizens, 
members and ex-members of the diplo- 
matic corps, bringing tributes of sorrow 
and praise to his memory, — a vast assem- 
blage of the great and good, mourning his 
death with sincerest grief. At the con- 
clusion of the services, in the silence of tlie 
city, with its flags drooping in svmpathv 
with a population in mourning, his mortal 
remains were solemnly carried b\- distin- 

guished men to the tomb prepared for the 
body, in ]\It. Pleasant cemetery, and were 
there left buried in flowers. 

But tears and flowers and funereal cere- 
monies are the expressions of the, first 
sense of loss. The memory of the good 
and great survives in the heart and takes 
enduring form in the tribute paid by sur- 
viving and after generations. On the 9th 
day of August, 1894, in the same city of 
Newark, was unveiled the statue erected 
to the memory of Frederick T. Freling- 
huvsen l:)v a union of private citizens and 
the municipal go\'ernnient of the city of 
his home. The statue is a bronze, was the 
work of the Hartford sculptor, Karl Ger- 
hardt, and was the gift of the citizens of 
Newark. It is colossal in size, standing 
nine feet high, and represents the subject 
addressing an audience, — an attitude so 
familiar to the people of the city. The 
pedestal is of granite, twelve feet high, on 
a broad extending base of the French 
style, and was the gift of the city through 
the cijmmon council and the board of 
works, and is a rare specimen of the archi- 
tectural skill of A. Wallace Brown, of 

The imposing ceremonies were partici- 
pated in liy the governor of New Jersey, 
Hon. George T. Werts, and his staff; the 
orator of the day, ex-Chancellor Runyon, 
ambassador of the United States to the 
court of Berlin: the nia\(>r of the city. Ju- 
lius A. Lebkuescher; the special committee 
of the board of trade; the bar of Essex 
county; the common council of the city of 
New-ark ; the board of w-orks and the board 
of trade of the city of Newark and the 
First Essex Troop, National Guard, who 
led the procession to the ground. The 
presentation address was made by Am- 



bassador Riinyon and included a sketch of 
the life and services of him to whom the 
statue was erected. Thus fittingly and 
enduringly does the distinguished citizen, 
the brilliant lawyer and the eminent Chris- 
tian statesman live before the eye of the 
rising generations as well as in the hearts 
and memory of a grateful people. 


resident manager of the Sprague Electric 
Company, Bloomfield, New Jersey, is a 
gentleman whose inventive genius and 
marked business ability have brought him 
to the front. In this connection we are 
pleased to make special reference to Mr. 
Pratt and the company with which he is 

The Sprague Electric Elevator Com- 
pany's industry was established in Bloom- 
field, New Jersey, in 1893, having been re- 
moved from New York city, where it was 
first founded upon a small scale and where 
it grew so rapidly that it soon demanded 
larger quarters. The plant is constructed 
of iron and steel, the dimensions being 
IOC X 375 feet, with an L, 60 x 150 feet; 
Monitor roof and gallery, upon which is lo- 
cated the smaller machinery. The center 
walls are brick. The machinery is ponderous 
and heavy, is run night and day, and during 
the busy season no less than three hundred 
and fifty men are employed. Everything 
in the way of machinery in connection with 
the plant is of the latest and best, their 
large output is shipped to many of the 
large cities throughout the country, and 
the Sprague-Pratt electric elevator is being 
placed in the newest and finest buildings. 

This electric elevator is the invention of 
Mr. Pratt. The first one was placed by 

him in a Boston building in 1889, as a test; 
it proved satisfactory in every respect, and 
soon brought him notoriety. Mr. 
Sprague, seeing its utility, invested his own 
means in its manufacture, associated others 
with him, and thus formed the company 
which they incorporated under the name of 
the Sprague Elevator Company, of which 
Mr. Pratt became resident manager. 

The company has now been reorganized, 
under the title of the Sprague Electric 
Company, which is capitalized for five mil- 
lion dollars. The scope of the enterprise 
has been extended very materially and now 
includes all branches of general-electric and 
railroad work in addition to continuing its 
extensive operations in the manufacture of 
electric elevators. Mr. Pratt is resident 
manager of the reorganized company, as 
he was of its predecessor. 

Charles R. Pratt is a native of Boston, 
Massachusetts. He was born in i860 and 
is the eldest son of John C. Pratt. In Bos- 
ton he received his education, completing 
a course of study in the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, and on leaving 
school he was employed by the Whittier 
Machine Company, of Boston, where he 
learned the trade of machinist and where 
he remained for five years. After this he 
opened an office of his own in that city 
and devoted his time chiefly to inventions, 
and experiments on machinery. Then for 
three years he was assistant superintendent 
of the Boston Sugar Refining Company. 
His next engagement was as New England 
agent for the firm of Ottis Brothers & 
Company, of New York city, the largest 
elevator concern of the world, and re- 
mained with this firm one year, in that time 
acquiring a thorough knowledge of the ele- 
vator business in all its departments. It 



was after this that he experimented upon 
his own invention and brought it to com- 
pletion. In 1892 he became interested 
witli Mr. F. J. Sprague and other capital- 
ists in the business above referred to. and 
has since been its manager. 

John C. Pratt, the father of our subject, 
was for many years presitlent of the Og- 
densburg & Lake Champlain Railroad. 
He died in 1887. His wife was before her 
marriage Miss Mary A. Richardson, she 
being the daughter of a ship-owner in Bos- 


The progenitor of the Fort family in New 
Jersey was Roger Fort, who probably came 
from England, with his wife Anne, about 
the year 1696, and settled in Burlington 
county, New Jersev. The family is said to 
be of Welsh origin, and this ancestor 
spelled the name Fforte. To him and his 
wife were born the following children : 
John, Joseph, ]\Iarmaduke. Roger, Joan, 
Edith and Esther. 

The children of IMarmaduke Fort were : 
John, Anne, William, Elizabeth and 
Thomas. John, the eldest son, rendered 
valiant service in the New Jersey state mi- 
litia during the war of the Revolution. He 
married Margaret Heisler, and their seven 
children were: Gusannah, Mary. Deborah, 
Margaret, Andrew, John and Daniel. 

Andrew Fort married Nancy Piatt and 
their children were : George Franklin, who 
was born on the 30th of June, 1809, and 
was honored with the office of governor of 
New Jersey; Margaret, Sarah Ann, Mary, 
John, Jacob Piatt, Susan, Andrew Heisler, 
Daniel Adams and Caroline, 

Of this family Andrew Heisler Fort was 

united in marriage to Miss Hannah A. 
Brown and they had four children, of whom 
John Franklin, the subject of this review, 
was the only son, and was born in Pember- 
ton, Burlington comity. New Jersey, on 
the 20th of March, 1852. His literary edu- 
cational discipline was received at Mount 
Holly Institute and Pennington Seminary. 
While attending the former he began to 
study law under the instructions of a lead- 
ing lawyer of Mount Holly, completing his 
labors in that direction at the Albany Law 
School, in 1872, and receiving from that 
institution the degree of Bachelor of Law; 
and the following year he was admitted to 
the bar in New Jersey. In 1873-4 Mr. 
Fort was appointed journal clerk of the 
New Jersey general assembly, and in the 
latter year he located in Newark, where he 
entered upon the active practice of his pro- 
fession. In 1878 Governor McClellan 
appointed him judge of the first district 
court of the city of Newark for a term of 
five years, and to this position Governor 
Ludlow reappointed him in 1883. In 
March, 1886, Judge Fort resigned his oftlce 
in order to resume his general practice, 
which gave him more liberal opportunities 
and proved more remunerative. 

The political career of Judge Fort was 
inaugurated early in his life, for he was not 
yet of age when, during the Greeley cam- 
paign, he made the then remarkable record 
of twenty-seven speeches. In 1884 he was 
a delegate-at-large, from New Jersey, to 
the Republican national convention held at 
Chicago; he was chairman of the Repub- 
lican state convention which nominated 
General Grubb for governor in 1889; and 
held a similar position in the convention of 
1895, which nominated John W. Griggs 
for governor. 




Judge Fort was appointed by tlie gover- 
nor of New Jersey a member of the con- 
stitutional commission created by the legis- 
lature of 1894, and was an active partici- 
pant in the movement then begun to sim- 
plify and reorganize the courts of the state. 
In 1895 he was also appointed by Governor 
W'erts, for a term of five years, one of the 
tiiree commissioners to confer with a sim- 
ilar commission from every state in the 
Union in an endeavor to bring about a uni- 
form system of laws in the several states, 
regarding insurance, insolvency, wills, mar- 
riage and divorce, assignments, oaths, the 
law of negotiable instruments, the exempli- 
fication of the public records and questions 
of a like nature. 

In 1896 the judge was a delegate to the 
Republican national convention, held in St. 
Louis, and was there chairman of the cre- 
dentials committee and presented the name 
of Hon. Garret A. Hobart for vice-presi- 
dent. On December i, 1896, Governor 
Griggs appointed Judge Fort president 
judge of the court of common pleas of 
Essex county, an incumbency he is at pres- 
ent filling with a high degree of executive 

Judge Fort is recognized throughout the 
county as a powerful advocate, a man of 
superior intellectuality, and a clear-headed 
jurist of abundant learning. His rise in 
the legal profession has been a rapid one. 
which circumstance is a logical result of 
applied industry and integrity of purpose, 
combined with rare natural endowments. 
Personally, the Judge is of a prepossessing 
appearance, and his genial nature and so- 
ciable disposition have gained for him a 
distinct popularity and a large circle of 
warm friends, who accord to him both their 
respect and esteem. 


acting cashier of the Bank of Montclair, of 
Montclair, Essex county, is an enterprising 
young business man who was born in the 
town which is still his home, in August, 
1867. The ancestral history of the family 
from which he springs can be traced back 
to Captain John Holmes, a native of Eng- 
land, who emigrated to America in 1640, 
taking up his residence in the colony of 
Massachusetts. The grandfather of our 
subject, Samuel Judd Holmes, was a native 
of Connecticut, became a prominent busi- 
ness man and was a leading member of the 
Congregational church in Waterbury, 
Connecticut. The father. William B. 
Holmes, was born in the Nutmeg state in 
1 83 1, and having arrived at man's estate 
married Miss Mary H. Bull, who was born 
in New York city. Her father, Frederic 
Bull, was a native of Connecticut and for 
many years a prominent commission mer- 
chant of New York city. He married 
Mary H. Lanman, of Norwich, Connecti- 
cut, who w'as born in 1804, and who was a 
daughter of Peter and Abigail (Trumbull) 
Lanman. The latter was a daughter of 
David and Sarah (Backus) Trumbull, and 
a granddaughter of Jonathan Trumbull, 
who was governor of the state of Connec- 
ticut. He was a loyal American during 
the war of the Revolution and a warm per- 
sonal friend of General Washington, who 
frequently addressed him as "Brother Jon- 
athan." He married Faith Robinson, a 
great-granddaughter of the Rev. John 
Robinson, who was pastor among the Pil- 
grim band that settled Massachusetts. 

William B. Holmes, the father of our 
subject, has for many years been a leading 
and influential citizen of Montclair, pro- 


h'SS^JX rol \TY 

moting its best interest bv his liberal sup- 
port of all measures for the public good. 
He has taken an active part in securing the 
building of railroads to this point anil in 
bringing a good class of citizens to the 
town, and has been the owner of a large 
amount of real estate here. For many 
years he has been a prominent member of 
the First Congregational church, has 
given largely of his means to its work and 
has tiius aided materially in upholding the 
moral tone of the town. 

Edward H. Holmes was reared in Mont- 
clair, attended the primary and grammar 
schools and later entered the high school, 
where his literary education was completed. 
On laying aside his text books, he went 
to New York city, where he entered upon 
his business career as a clerk in a photo- 
graphic-goods store, remaining there for 
four years. On the expiration of that pe- 
riod he accepted the position of teller on 
the opening of the Montclair Bank, June 
I, 1889, and has since continued his con- 
nection with the institution. After a time 
he was promoted to the position of paying 
teller, and on the ist of July, 1897, was 
promoted to acting cashier in the same 
bank, to fill the vacancy caused by the res- 
ignation of Thomas W. Stephens. He is 
now holding that position, and his enter- 
prise, indefatigable labors and personal 
popularity have contributed not a little to 
the success of the institution. 

In January, 1893, Mr. Holmes was 
united in marriage to Miss Frances Wood, 
of Montclair. Her grandfather was James 
Wood, of Concord, Massachusetts, whose 
wife bore the maiden name of Rispah Far- 
mer. Her parents are Daniel H. and 
Lydia (Hosmer) Wood. The latter, a na- 
tive of Concord, Massachusetts, was a 

daughter of Cyrus and Lydia P. (Wheeler) 
Hosmer, of that place. Daniel H. Wood 
is a well known civil engineer and for many 
years was a resident of Montclair. ]\Irs. 
Holmes was born in Pennsylvania, but 
spent the greater part of her girlhood in 
!^'Iontclair. She became a student under 
the direction of Dr. Clarence Williard But- 
ler, of Montclair, and in October, 1889, en- 
tered the Medical College and Hospital for 
Women, of New York city, at which insti- 
tution she was graduated in April, 1892. 
Immediately afterward she began practice 
in Upper Montclair. She is a lady of cul- 
ture and refinement and like her husband 
has a host of warm friends in Montclair. 
Both Mr. and Dr. Holmes are members of 
the Christian Union Congregational 
church of Upper Montclair. 


The apprehension and subsequent devel- 
opment of the subjective potential must 
ever figure as the 'delineation of the maxi- 
mum of success and usefulness in any field 
of endeavor, and the failure to discover the 
line along which lie the greatest possibili- 
ties for development in any case, can not 
but militate against the absolute accom- 
plishment of the subject. To the subject 
of this review has come the attainment of 
a distinguished position in connection with 
the great material industries of the nation, 
and his efforts have been so discerningly 
directed along well defined lines that he 
seems at any one point of the progress 
which he has made through his own ef- 
forts, to have realized at that point the full 
measure of. his possibilities for accomplish- 
ment. This is a truly successful life. A 



man of distinctive and forceful individual- 
ity, he has left, and is leaving, his impress 
upon the industrial world, while there has 
been no shadow of wrong or injustice to 
mar his pronounced success. As presi- 
dent of the Arlington Manufacturing Com- 
pany, the j\Ietallic Cap Manufacturing 
Company, and treasurer of the Climax 
Fuse Company, he has his business head- 
quarters in the national metropolis, while 
he maintains his residence in that beautiful 
section of Essex county. New Jersey, 
which bears the picturesque title of Glen 
Ridge. As a man of wealth and influence, 
and standing distinctly as the artificer of 
his own fortunes, there is in a review of his 
career much of interest and incentive, and 
such a synopsis is altogether germane in 
this compilation. 

A native son of the old Bay state, Henry 
S. Chapman was born in Huntington, 
Massachusetts, on the 22d of December, 
1837, being the son of Hiram and Fanny 
(Stanton) Chapman. His mother was a 
daughter of Joseph Stanton, who was born 
in Massachusetts, as was she herself, being 
in direct line of descent from Thomas Stan- 
ton, who came to America in the year 
1634, locating in Virginia, and aiding in 
establishing the greatest republic the world 
has ever known. Jedediah Chapman, the 
grandfather of our subject in the agnatic 
line, was of English extraction and was 
horn in New England, so that on either 
side the ancestry has been long identified 
with the annals of American history. 
Henry S. Chapman passed the first fifteen 
years of his life, and within this interval was 
accoriled the advantages of a good aca- 
demic educational discipline. When but a 
lad of fifteen years he faced the responsibil- 
ities of life for himself, proceeding to 

Dutchess county, New York, where he se- 
cured employment in a drug store. He 
gave careful and discriminating attention 
to all details of the business and eventually 
became thoroughly familiar with the same 
and competent to manage an enterprise of 
the order. He eventually associated him- 
self with another gentleman in the pur- 
chase of the establishment in which he had 
been employed, and in time they built up 
an extensive business, both wholesale and 

.\tter several years had elapsed Mr. 
Chapman disposed of his interests in the 
enterprise and became identified with the 
iron-mining industry in Dutchess county, 
associating himself with others and suc- 
cessfully carrying on operations for a num- 
ber of years. He then came to New York 
city, where he organized the Arlington 
Metallic Cap Manufacturing Company, of 
which he is president: while he also organ- 
ized the two other companies previously 
mentioned, being treasurer of each. The 
headquarters of the three concerns are in 
New York, and the business transacted an- 
nually by each is of wide scope and impor- 
tance, all having distinctly felt the guid- 
ing hand of Mr. Chapman, whose keen dis- 
crimination and mature judgment have to 
a large extent brought about the success- 
ful expansion of the three great enter- 
prises. The transition from the young 
lad, practically without influence or ad- 
\antageous circumstance, to the man con- 
trolling affairs of great commercial im- 
portance, must bear its lesson at every 

Mr. Chapman has from time made ju- 
dicious investntents in real estate, being at 
the present time the owner of valuable 
property at Arlington, New Jersey, and 



also in Essex county. His own beautiful 
residence, "Sunny Crest," at Glen Ridge, 
Essex county, was formerly the home of 
A. G. Darwin, and is located in a most pic- 
turesque site near the summit of the ridge. 
The grounds are beautifully laid out with 
regard to the most approved ideas of land- 
scape gardening, and about the place are 
some seventy native forest trees. A mag- 
nificent view of the surroimding country 
is commanded, and the attractions of the 
place as a home are almost idyllic in char- 
acter, — it is one of the many beautiful 
homes for which Essex county is so cele- 
brated. It is worthy of note that the for- 
mer owner at one time refused ninety 
thousand dollars for the property, and af- 
ter his death it was purchased by Mr. 
Chapman, who has modernized and still 
further enhanced its attractions, so that its 
value has been appreciated and its beauties 
and accommodations increased. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Chapman 
has ever been stanchly arrayed in the sup- 
port of the Republican party and its prin- 
ciples, but the demands of his private in- 
terests have precluded him from accepting 
public preferment, even had he ever had a 
desire for same. The only office of which 
he has ever been the incumbent was that as 
a member of the court of appeals, to regu- 
late assessment and taxes in the borough of 
Glen Ridge. He maintains a lively inter- 
est in all that concerns the borough, and is 
public-spirited in his attitude at all times. 
In March, 1873, Mr. Chapman was 
united in marriage to Miss Jennie Brew- 
ster, who was a direct descendant of one of 
the name who was among the Puritans of 
the Mayflower. Mrs. Chapman died in 
1883, leaving one son, Charles Brewster 
Chapman. In September, 1887, Mr. 

Chapman consummated a second mar- 
riage, being then united to Emily M. 


In any compilation touching upon the 
life histories of those who have lived with- 
in the borders of Essex county and have 
made their lives count for good, there is 
sienal propriet}' in according a memoir to 
the late George W. Smith, who was for 
many years a prominent merchant in New 
York city and who maintained his resi- 
dence in Glen Ridge. Upon his record in 
the business world and as a man among 
men there has never been the shadow of 
wrong or the suspicion of evil, and attain- 
ing success through his own efforts, it was 
worthily achieved, and he was never un- 
mindful of the obligations which success 
imposes nor of the higher values of life. 
Beginning life's duties for himself at an 
early age. by securing a modest clerkship, 
he advanced consecutively and steadily un- 
til he left the ranks of the many and stood 
among the successful few. Throughout 
his entire business career the subject of this 
memoir was looked upon as a model of in- 
tegrity and honor, never making an en- 
gagement or promise whose provisions he 
did not fulfill, and standing as an exempli- 
fication of what may be accomplished by 
determination and resolute force in a man 
of intrinsic ability and strength of charac- 
ter,^ — a character dominated by the highest 
principles. He was respected by the com- 
munity at large and was honored by his as- 
sociates in commercial circles. 

George W. Smith was born in New 
York city in the year 1821, being the son 
of James and Eliza (Sells) Smith, the for- 


mer of whom died when our subject was 
but three years of age, and lie was then 
taken to Jamaica. Long Island, where liis 
boyliootl days were passed. As a youth he 
secured employment in the store of Joseph 
W. (ireene. in New York city, and after a 
few years had elapsed he was admitted to a 
partnership in the business, under the firm 
name of Greene & Smith. They engaged 
in the manufacture of jewelry on a large 
scale, their manufactory being located at 
Providence. Rhode Island. The plant 
was built upon a substantial plan and a 
large force of competent operatives was 
employed. The office of the firm was lo- 
cated in Xew York, and from this point 
the sales were conducted, their trade terri- 
tory extending throughout many of the 
surrounding states and eventually reach- 
ing extensive proportions. 

In 1870 Mr. Smith purchased a fine 
country-seat in Bloomfield. now Glen 
Ridge. Essex county. New Jersey, and for 
a number of years passed his summers here 
with his family. Finding that his health 
was greatly improved by his sojourns in 
the country, he at length moved his family 
permanently to the suburban home. He 
was a man of domestic tastes, and all of 
his interests centered in his home and fam- 
ily. The spacious grounds about the beau- 
tiful resilience, on Ridgewood avenue, 
were beautified and adorned imder his per- 
sonal supervision, and with a thorough ap- 
preciation of the most artistic effects in 
landscape gardening. 

On the 24th of April. 1845. Mr. Smith 
was united in marriage to Miss Jane E. 
Brush, the third daughter of Conklin and 
Rosanna (Hoyt) Brush. She was born in 
New York city, but early in life accompa- 
nied her jjarents upon their removal to 

Bro(,)kIyn. Her father was a retired mer- 
chant of New York. In 1851-2 he served 
as mayor of Brooklyn, and during his ad- 
ministration succeeded in introducing 
many needed reforms and in securing the 
establishment of Washington Park. He 
was also instrumental in securing to 
Brooklyn the control of the South Ferry, 
whicli New York made insistent efforts to 
obtain. He was fearless and enthusiastic 
in whatever he undertook and was always 
loyal to the interests of the people, as op- 
posed to corporate or selfish interests. He 
was an old-line W'liig of pronounced \ iews, 
and throughout his active life labored zeal- 
ously for law and order and all thai con- 
served peace and prosperity. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith became the parents 
of four children. — W'essell S., who died in 
1895: Warren G.. who is engaged in the 
jewelry trade at 170 Broadway, New \'ork, 
the place so long occupied by his father; 
Mary A., wife of Theo M. Nevius, of Cilen 
Ridge: and Julia E.. wife of Louis E. Bliss, 
of Glen Ridge. 

-After a long and honorable career, in 
which he won the unqualified regard of all 
who knew him. Mr. Smith pased away in 
February. i88r. Mrs. Smith still occupies 
the homestead, on Ridgewood avenue, 
(ilen Ridge. 


The name borne by the subject of this 
memoir is one w hich has been long and <lis- 
tinctively identified with the annals of the 
great state of New Jersey, and there is man- 
ifest propriety in according a review of one 
of the sterling representatives of the line, 
— Joseph W. Taylor, who, during a long 
and useful life, did not fail to impress him- 


self upon the material prosperity and higher 
conditions which have conserved the ad- 
vancement of Essex county, where he re- 
sided from childhood until the hour of his 

It is predicated beyond reasonable doubt 
that the original progenitor of the Taylor 
family in this particular line of American 
descent was Nathaniel Taylor, whose an- 
cestors came from England and emigrated 
from the mother country at a very early 
day, taking up their residence in Xew Jer- 
sey. Here Nathaniel Taylor followed the 
vocation of a tanner, proving true to all the 
duties of citizenship and attaining a due 
measure of success in the temporal affairs 
of life. He established what is now known 
as the old Redmund place, in this county, 
and there Moses Taylor, the father of the 
immediate subject of this sketch, was born, 
in the year 1767, and there lived until he 
had attained man's estate. He eventually 
became prominently concerned in farming 
and shoemaking. He took unto himself a 
wife, in the person of Mary Brown, who 
was born on the 13th of November. 1767, 
and they became the parents of seven chil- 
dren. Mr. Taylor built the house in which 
his grandson now resides, and the tract of 
land which he improved in the early days 
is now comprised within the limits of South 
Orange, having naturally greatly appreciat- 
ed in value as the march of development 
and improvement has steadily advanced. 
He was a man of sound judgment, of in- 
flexible integrity and was known as one of 
the representative citizens of the commun- 
ity. In politics he was a stanch AMiig of 
the old line, and he was called upon to ser\e 
at various times in different offices of local 
trust and responsibility. In religion he 
clung to the faith of the Presbyterian 

church, and was for many years a trustee 
in the local body of that denomination. Mr. 
Taylor died on the 6th of December, 1853, 
having survived his wife by about two years, 
she having entered into eternal rest on the 
29th of September, 185 1. 

Joseph W. Taylor, in whose honor this 
memoir is more particularly granted, was 
the fifth child in order of birth, the date of 
his nativity having been February 16, 1817. 
He was reared to the sturdy discipline of 
the farm and was accorded such educational 
opportunities as were afforded by the dis- 
trict schools. He remained at the parental 
home until the time of his marriage, which 
was celebrated on the 4th of September, 
1838. when he was united to ]\Iiss Catherine 
Pebbles, a native of Blanford, ]\Iassachu- 
setts. and a daughter of Rufus Pebbles, who 
was born in Massachusetts. His ancestors 
emigrated to America in an early day. Mr. 
and Mrs. Taylor located on the old home- 
stead, where they continued farming pur- 
suits and there reared their two children, 
Edgar ^l. and Alice A., the latter of whom 
died at the age of forty-seven years. 

In his political allegiance, IMr. Taylor was 
originally an old-line Whig, then the Amer- 
ican party, but upon the organization of 
that stronger candidate for popular fa\or 
and support, the Republican party, he 
promptly transferred his adherency to the 
same and ever afterward advocated its prin- 
ciples and policies. In the gift of his party 
he held several ofliicial preferments, having 
been a member of the board of trustees at 
the time the village of South Orange was 
organized. His was a vigorous mentality, an 
unwavering conscientiousness and a signal 
fidelity in all the relations of life. He was 
a zealous member of the Presbyterian 
church, his tenure of ofifice as one of the 



trustees of his church extending until tiie 
hour when death released for him the sil- 
ver cord of life. He died on the 5th of Octo- 
ber, 1878, honored and revered by a coni- 
niunity in which he had lived and labored 
to so goodh- ends. His venerable widow, 
now eighty-four years of age (December, 
1897). survives him. sustained by exception- 
al mental and physical vigor and secure in 
the filial devotion of their only child. She 
is a devoted member of the Presbyterian 
church, in which she was for many years a 
zealous and active worker. 

Edgar M. Taylor, the only son of Joseph 
W. and Catherine Taylor, was reared on the 
old homestead, hallowed by the associations 
of years, receiving his preliminary educa- 
tion in the public schools and effectively 
sujiplementing the same by courses of study 
at Mr. Chapman's private school and later 
at Fergusonvilie Academy. Delaware coun- 
ty, New York. He has been most intimate- 
ly identified with the industrial affairs of his 
locality, having not only continued opera- 
tions in farming, — a pursuit doubly honored 
by ancestral association, — but has been 
consecutively concerned for many years 
in mercantile pursuits and has been active 
in real-estate operations, in which line he 
has contributed materially to the upbuild- 
ing and advancement of the community. 
Mr. Taylor was one of the organizers of the 
Second National Bank of Orange and was 
a member of its original directorate. 

At the time when the integrity of the 
nation was menaced by armed rebellion, 
Mr. Taylor tendered his services, enlisting 
as a member of the Twenty-sixth New Jer- 
sey Infantry and proving by his service 
his loyfilty to the cause of the republic. In 
politics he is a stalwart Republican, and 
his prestige in party ranks has been signally 

evidenced, since, in 1891, he was elected 
to the lower house of the state legislature, 
in which capacity he labored zealously and 
effectively for the best interests of his con- 
stituents and the people of the state, regard- 
less of political affiliations. He was for 
three years a member, from South Orange, 
of the board of freeholders of Essex coun- 
ty. For the past decade he has been a 
member of the South Orange board of 
trustees. In fraternal adherency Mr. Tay- 
lor is a member of the Masonic order, hav- 
ing passed the three degrees of ancient- 
craft Masonry, in Century Lodge, No. 100. 
He is known and honored as a worthy 
scion of one of the old and distinguished 
families of this section of the state, and his 
popularity in business and social circles is 


a phvsician and surgeon of Bloomfield, is 
well established in his profession and takes 
rank with the leading practitioners of this 
part of the state. He was born in the vil- 
lage of Seneca, in Ontario county, New 
York, June ii, 1837, and is a son of Rev. 
John and Eliza White. His father was a 
native of Scotland and a minister of the 
Presbvterian church, devotine the greater 
part of his life to that caUing. 

The Doctor was principally reared in 
Pennsylvania and acquired his education in 
the public schools. His professional train- 
ing was begun under the direction of Dr. 
Ohl, of Carbon county. Pennsylvania, and 
was continued in the Pennsylvania Medical 
College, in which institution he was grad- 
uated with the class of i860. Thus fitted 
by thorough preparation for his chosen life- 
work he entered upon active practice, and 



has won an enviable success in his under- 
takings. In 1861 lie offered his services 
to the government and was appointed as- 
sistant surgeon of the Seventy-ninth Penn- 
sylvania Volunteer Infantry, in Mhicli ca- 
pacity he served until 1864. when he was 
promoted to the rank of surgeon of the 
same regiment and continued to faithfully 
discharge the duties of that position until 
the close of the war, alleviating the suffer- 
ing of the sick and wounded and bringing 
comfort to many of the boys in blue. 

In ]\Iarch, 1866, the Doctor came to 
Bloomtield, where he has since made his 
home. He carries on a general practice 
here and has a very liberal patronage, 
which attests his superior understanding of 
the principles of medicine and his success 
in applying them to the needs of suft'ering 
humanity. The Doctor is a member of the 
Essex County Medical Society and the 
Orange Mountain Medical Society, and is 
also visiting physician to the Mountain- 
side Hospital. He has a fine library and 
owns an elegant residence in one of the 
best sections of Bloomfield. 


The Parker family of New Jersey has 
figured prominently in the public life of 
that state for many generations. Elisha 
Parker, of Barnstable, Massachusetts, was 
one of the colony of Puritans who settled 
in Woodbridge, New Jersey, about 1666. 
The records of 1675 exhibit him as the 
proprietor of a large tract of land in Wood- 
bridge, wliile his previous social position 
in Massachusetts is illustrated by his mar- 
riage to the sister of Governor Hinckley 
of that colonv. While liiislia Parker was 

active in the early affairs of Woodbridge, 
his son, Elisha (second), was still more 
prominent. He was in 1694 high sheriff' 
of ]\Iiddlesex county: later he was deputy 
to the provincial assembly: in 1712 he Ije- 
came a member of Governor Hunter's 
council, and was appointetl one of three 
custodians of the seal, thus inaugurating 
the New Jersey court of chancery. 

John Parker, his son, next in the line, 
also became a member of the governor's 
council, in 171S. and continued in this 
honorable office until his death in 173^, 
serving under Governors Hunter, Burnet, 
Montgomerie, and Cosby. James Parker, 
son of the alxive. was no less distinguished. 
He served as captain in the French and 
Indian war of 1746; held the office of sur- 
veyor-general and register of the board of 
proprietors of East Jersey, and, like his 
father ami grandfather, became a member 
of the council, under (Joxernor Franklin, 
in 1764, — a tlignity which he held until the 
Revolution changed the form of govern- 
ment. During that war he removed from 
Perth Amboy, then the capital of East Jer- 
sey, to Hunterdon county, for the safety 
of his family, l)ut at its close returned to 
his old home. In 1775 he was elected a 
member of the provincial congress. He 
was also a candidate for membership of 
the first congress of the United States, and 
in 1783 was elected mayor of Perth Am- 
boy. He was both a leading member of 
the convention which organized the Prot- 
estant Episcopal chin-ch of the L'nited 
States and largely instrumental in the com- 
pilation of its prayer book. While an ex- 
tensive land-owner, by purchase from the 
"proprietors" in all the counties composing 
East Jersey, Mr. Parker was also a pros- 


(J-Cc- v^-vt \J 



perous importing merchant of New York 
city and Amboy, having for his partner 
Beverly Robinson. 

James Parker (second), who was born in 
Bethlelicm. Hunterdon county. New Jer- 
sey, March i. 1776, and who died in Perth 
Amboy, April 2, 1868, was the son of the 
foregoing, and ably perpetuated the dis- 
tinguished traditions of his family. He 
was educated at Columbia College, where 
he graduated in 1793, second in his class. 
He then entered the counting-house of 
John Murray, intending to be a merchant. 
C)n the death of his father he was com- 
pelled to return home as acting executor 
of his estate, a task involving the support 
of a large circle of dependents, and requir- 
ing assiduous labor and much acquaintance 
with law. In 1806, when about thirty 
years of age, he was elected a member of 
the legislature, and was re-elected eight 
successive years; again from 1815 to 1S19, 
and afterward in 1827-28. He was a 
Federalist of the school of W^ashington and 
Hamilton. In 1806 he was appointed one 
of five commissioners to settle the boun- 
daries and jurisdiction of the states of 
New York and New Jersey. In 1827 this 
commission was renewed, and he was 
again made a member. With Theodore 
Frclinghuysen and L. Q. C. Elmer he 
signed the treaty between said states of 
New York and New Jersey, September 16, 
1833. In 1829 he was made collector of 
Perth .\mboy, then a place of much com- 
merce. In 1832 and again in 1834 he was 
elected to congress, serving two terms with 
much distinction. In 1844 he' was elected 
a member of the convention for the forma- 
tion of a new constitution for New Jersey. 
Thus he was engaged in legislation during 
at least seventeen vears of his life, while he 

also serveil a long period as mayor of 

Though never one of the party of the 
majority in any or the legislative bodies 
mentioned, he was always a leading and 
influential member. He inaugurated the 
system of public schools in New Jersey, 
suggesting and following up the idea in 
different legislatures from 1809 to 1817, 
and the act, drawn by hiin, to create a fund 
for free schools, became a law. After- 
ward, in the constitutional convention, this 
subject received his careful attention, and 
at his instance the New Jersey constitution 
provided that "It shall not be competent 
for the legislature to borrow, appropriate, 
or use the said fund (for the support of 
common schools), or any part thereof, for 
any purpose, under anv pretense what- 
ever." He was the author of the attach- 
ment law: the law enabling aliens to hold 
land in the state; the law authorizing com- 
missioners to take proof, etc., of deeds; the 
law prohibiting, umler severe penalties, the 
exportation of slaves from the state, thus 
ending the doiuestic slave trade in New 
Jersey; and of laws for the suppression of 
intemperance, for aiding internal improve- 
ments, encouraging manufacturers, for 
putting habitual drunkards under guardi- 
anship, and others of similar importance. 
In the constitutional convention he re- 
ported the bill of rights. He was a prin- 
cipal advocate for the construction of the 
Delaware ami Raritan canal, and a director 
of that company for nearly forty years. 
His last year's service in the legislature was 
undertaken with this enterprise in view. 

In congress he was known as a leading 
practical member, a strong "tariff man.'' 
a defender of the right of petition, aiding 
John (Juincy Adams in the struggle for 



tlie admission of petitions praying the 
abolition of slavery in the District of Co- 
lumbia, and was celebrated for outspoken 
sincerity and hon'esty. 

He was for years a trustee of the two 
colleges, Princeton and Rutgers, and to 
the latter gave the land whereon the col- 
lege buildings were erected. In the 
Protestant Episcopal diocesan conventions, 
as well as in his own church in Amboy, he 
was prominent and active. He was from 
the beginning a vice-president, and for 
years before his death president, of the 
New Jersey Historical Society. He closed 
his long life in 1868, having attained the 
age of ninety-two years and one month. 

Renowned for purity of character and an 
intense love for usefulness, independent 
though earnest in his support of what he 
thought right, rather than what was ex- 
pedient, never giving up to party what was 
meant for mankind, never an aspirant for 
office and valuing onlj' that popularity 
which follows a good man, practicing 
warm-hearted charity in thought, word, 
and deed, and always evincing an ability 
more than adequate for all he undertook, — 
such are the qualities which characterized 
him and which are attributed to him in 
the memorial address (before the New Jer- 
sey Historical Society) from which this 
brief sketch is chiefly compiled. 

Cortlandt Parker, the distinguished 
lawyer, son of the preceding, was born at 
Perth Amboy, New Jersey. June 2-. 18 18. 
That he does not fall behind any of his 
illustrious line in character and attainments 
is manifest when it is considered that he 
stands confessedly at the head of the bar of 
the state of New Jersey. Not merely has 
he figured in the most prominent litiga- 
tions, served the state in many important 

capacities and refused a remarkable num- 
ber of high ofificial positions, but he has 
also represented his profession in literature 
to a marked degree. He is the author of 
such papers and addresses as: The Moral 
Guilt of the Rebellion (1862); Philip Kear- 
ny, Soldier and Patriot (1863); Our Tri- 
umphs and Our Duties (1865); New Jer- 
sey: Her Present and Future (1870); 
Abraham Lincoln (1872); The Onen Bible, 
or Tolerant Christianity (1876); Alexander 
Hamilton and William Paterson (1880); 
the Three Successful Generals of the Army 
of the Potomac, — McClellan, Meade, and 
Grant; Justice Joseph P. Bradley (1893); 
and many others treating similar themes. 

Mr. Parker has served as president of the 
American Bar Association. While he has 
held only one public office, — that of prose- 
cutor of pleas for Essex county. New Jer- 
sey, during the ten years from 1857 to 
1867, — yet this has been due solely to his 
persistence in refusing, one after another, 
the most honorable positions. In 1857 
his name was brought before the state leg- 
islature for the office of chancellor; he was 
twice proposed for attorney-general of 
New Jersey; a justiceship on the supreme 
bench of the same commonwealth was of- 
fered him; President Grant solicited him 
to accept a judgeship in the court for set- 
tling the Alabama claims; President Hayes 
tendered him the post of minister to 
Russia; President Arthur oft'ered him the 
mission to Vienna; a Republican conven- 
tion nominated him for congress, — but all 
these honors were declined. It is doubt- 
ful if such an instance can be duplicated. 

All the considerations thus cited, as be- 
ing outside the strict fines of his profession, 
are of the more significance in estimating" 
the peculiar prominence which Mr. Parker 

^,.^31 Rk 




enjoys. In the actual practice of law he 
lias Hgured in litigations of the greatest 
magnitude, although this feature cannot be 
entered here. The famous Meeker will 
case, however, which was carried through 
the various jurisdictions to the United 
States courts, may be mentioned as one 
in which Mr. Parker distinguished himself 
when comparatively a young man, against 
such opposing counsel as Justice Bradley 
of the United States supreme court. Gov- 
ernor Pennington, United Stales Senator 
Dayton, and Chancellor Halsted. Pie also 
upheld the commerce and navigation in- 
terests of Newark in the litigation to pre- 
vent the erection of two bridges across the 
Passaic river, involving the constitutional 
question whether "tidal waters leading to a 
port could be obstructed imder authority 
of a state legislature." Again, in the fa- 
mous Lease case, Mr. Parker helped to 
secure to the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany the right to acquire the United Rail- 
road and Canal Companies of New Jersey; 
while he successfully represented the Mor- 
ris & Essex Railroad in its contest with 
the Erie for the occupation of the tunnel 
leading to New York. After this he be- 
came the Erie counsel for New Jersey, a 
post he has held since 1873. Very lately 
(1894) he was senior counsel in suits of 
great public note, the result of one of 
which was to prevent future gerrymanders 
by a construction of the state constitution 
requiring election to the lower house by 
counties instead of districts; that of the 
other was breaking the deadlock in the 
New Jersey senate. These few cases are 
cited as merely indicative of the important 
nature of Mr. Parker's private practice. 

Another characteristic is yet to be no- 
ticed, — his readiness, . while refusing per- 

sonal honors, to undertake the most oner- 
ous duties where it is purely a question of 
subserving the public interests. Thus 
after referring to Mr. Parker's persistent 
declination of political positions, Judge 
Ricord adds: "His legal knowledge and 
experience were, however, never withheld 
from the state when, upon important occa- 
sions, they were demanded. The diflicult 
task of revising the laws was assigned to 
him, jointly with Chief-Justice Beasley and 
Justice Depue, by the legislature, and was 
performed to the satisfaction of the courts 
and the people. He served also as a com- 
missioner to settle the disputed boundary 
lines between New Jersey and Delaware. 
To him is the state mainly indebted for the 
I)assage of the general railroad law, which 
has been the means of ridding it of its 
abundant sources of corruption. .In such 
and other ways has Mr. Parker rendered to 
the state services which are not commonly 
known to many, and to the publicity of 
which he has always seemed indifferent. 
But not to the state alone has he given 
the benefit of his legal attainments and his 
experience. The Protestant Episcopal 
church, with which he is connected, num- 
bers him among its most valued laymen, 
and to its diocesan convention he is year 
after year a chosen delegate; while he has 
been a member likewise at the General 
Convention si.x times." — The National 
Magazine, February-March, 1894. 

It is an interesting fact that Mr. Parker's 
pre-eminence among his fellows dates from 
boyhood. At fourteen years of age he 
entered Rutgers College, graduating four 
years later (1836) as valedictorian of his 
class. Mr. Parker's class was a remark- 
able one, containing, according to Judge 
Ricord, "Joseph S. Bradley, late justice of 



the United States supreme court; Freder- 
ick T. Frelinghuysen. late secretary of 
state of the United States: William A. 
Newell, formerly governor of New Jersey; 
Henry Waldron, long member of congress 
from Michigan; Professor Coakley, of New 
York University, and several doctors of 
divinity in the Reformed Dutch church." 
— The National Magazine. He studied 
law in the office of Hon. Theodore Fre- 
Hnghuysen, father of one of his classmates, 
and later with Hon. Amzi Armstrong, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1839. 

Mr. Parker takes rank as one of the 
most prominent tigures in that remarkable 
group of jurists and lawyers whose advent 
must ever mark a sort of golden age in the 
history of the judiciary of New Jersey. 


Distinctively identified with the welfare 
and advancement of Montclair for a num- 
ber of years, public-spirited and broad- 
minded, Mr. Rowland is a representative 
citizen of Essex county and a prominent 
and honored resident of his home city. He 
was born August 15, 1845, "^^'" Deer Park. 
Long Island, New York, the son of Au- 
gustus Rowland and Maria (Snedecor) 
Rowland. The grandfather, Frank Row- 
land, married Sarah Rowland, and the 
great-grandfather, Alexander Rowland, 
was born on Long Island, where he died at 
the venerable age of ninety-six years, his 
wife being ninety-four years old at her 
death and in the possession of all her facul- 

Shepard Rowland passed the first six- 
teen years of his life on Long Island, where 
he received his educational discipline in the 
public schools. Upon attaining his eight- 

eenth year he went to New York city 
and there secured employment in the pro- 
duce house of Abram Snedecor, remaining 
in his employ for two years, after which he 
accepted a position with W. H. Horton, 
who was likewise engaged in the produce 
business, and later became associated with 
W. L. Smith, continuing with him for 
eighteen months. In 1867 Mr. Row- 
land established a produce house on 
his own responsibility, in New York 
city, in connection with which he 
dealt in butter and cheese on a large 
scale, and actively conducted this enter- 
prise until 1896, when the firm name was 
changed to Fitch, Rowland & Company. 
Prosperity has attended the labors of Mr. 
Rowland, and he owns valuable property in 
New York and Montclair, including a 
handsome residence in the latter city, lo- 
cated on Park street and furnished 
throughout w'ith taste and elegance and 
possessing all the modern improvements. 

The marriage of Mr. Rowland was cele- 
brated in 1867, in which year he was united 
to Miss Mary Cooper, of Jersey City, a 
daughter of Garret Cooper, a prominent 
citizen of that place. Of their children 
two sons survive, namely: Alfred C, a 
resident of New York city and a member 
of the firm of Fitch, Rowland & Company; 
and Harry S., who resides at home. 

In 1896 Mr. Rowland retired from the 
active management of his business and 
now devotes his time and attention to look- 
ing after his various other interests. In 
his political belief he is a Republican and 
gives his stanch support to the principles 
and policies of that party, and in his social 
relations he is a member of the Royal Ar- 
canum. He was one of the members of 
the board of citizens' committee, number- 

HSSEX rocyrv. 


ing one hundred, which was organized to 
restrain the liquor traffic in Montclair, and 
he and his wile are adlierents of the Meth- 
ochst Episcopal church, in wliicli he has 
served as a trustee for several years. He 
was twice elected a member of the common 
council of Montclair and served two years, 
after which he refused to asjaiii become a 
candidate for the office. 


The man of merit and distinction who 
by his own efforts has attained a prominent 
position in business circles and by his 
worth commands a high place in social 
circles is certainly deserving of biographic 
honors, and as such a one we present Mr. 
English to our readers. He is widely 
known and as to his high standing in pub- 
lic and private life no comment is needed, 
but the outline of his career cannot fail to 
prove of interest to his many friends. 

Born in Newark on the 22d of August, 
1847, Mr. English is descended from one 
who left the mother country as a British sol- 
dier and came to America. His son, Joseph 
English, the grandfather of our subject, 
was one of the early settlers of Philadel- 
phia and died in 1858. Daniel Smith Eng- 
lisli, the father, was born in Green street, 
riiiladelphia, and in that city was reared to 
manhood, after which he embarked in the 
saddlery hardware business, continuing in 
that line in the city of his birth for some 
time. He then removed to Newark, where 
he enjoyed a very extensive and profitable 
trade as a dealer in cutlery and saddlery 
hardware. His death occurred in 1850. 
His wife, who bore the maiden name of 
Mary P. Sayre, was born on the ancestral 
homestead in New York citv, and died in 

1891. She was a daughter of James R. 
Sayre, of Newark, who was a mason by 
trade, but for many years conducted 
business at the foot of Center street, New- 
ark, carrying a full line of masons' mater- 
ials. The Sayre family originated in 
France and the ancestry can be traced 
back for more than two centuries. 

Charles \V. English, the subject of this 
review, spent the greater part of his youth 
in the city of Newark, where he acquired 
a good common-school education, supple- 
mented by study in a parish school taught 
by Professor Robert Gray, a most thorough 
and competent teacher of that day. He 
entered upon his business career when fif- 
teen years of age, clerking in a lumber yard 
in which a large stock of masons' materials 
were also kept, and thus he received train- 
ing in the handling of the commodities 
which he now carries. He continued 
clerking for six years, after which he spent 
fifteen years in the Importers' and Traders' 
National Bank of New York city, serving 
as bookkeeper and in other capacities. On 
the expiration of that period he came to 
Montclair and entered into partnership 
with his cousin, Frederick F. Sayre, under 
the firm name of F. F. Sayre & Company, 
dealers in lumber and masons' materials. 
This connection was continued for seven 
years when Mr. English purchased the in- 
terest of F. F. Sayre, his partner. His 
lumber yard is conveniently located near 
the Greenwood Railroad station and the 
extensive sheds, well filled with all kinds 
of lumber, indicate the volume of his busi- 
ness. He also deals largely in masons' 
building materials, and from both branches 
of the enterprise derives a good income. 

On the loth of March, 1869, Mr. Eng- 
lish was united in marriage to Miss Marv 



J. Brewster, a daughter of Benjamin 
Brewster, a mason, originally from Wood- 
bridge, New Jersey. Six children have 
been born of this union, two sons and four 
daughters: Arthur Sayre, who is associ- 
ated with his father in business; Mary B., 
wife of E. R. North, an architect of Mont- 
clair; Charles W., who is assisting his fa- 
ther in the office; Bessie Titus; Grace; and 
Mildred. The family have an elegant 
home at No. 112 Park street, Montclair, 
and the members of the household occupy 
an enviable position in social circles. 

Mr. Enghsh has been called to several 
positions of honor and trust within the gift 
of his fellow townsmen. He was a com- 
missioner for six years and served as a 
member of the first town council. His 
deep interest in the welfare of the com- 
munity is shown by his active champion- 
ship of all measures for the public good. 
He is a worthy exemplar of the true spirit 
of Masonry and for twenty-seven years 
has been connected with that fraternity, 
now holding membership in Orange Chap- 
ter, R. A. M. In politics he is a stalwart 
Republican and is an active and influential 
member of the Republican county com- 
mittee. Socially he is a valued representa- 
tive of the Montclair Club, also of the Ath- 
letic Club, and is a trustee of the Grace 
Presbyterian church. He is popular with 
all classes and commands the resoect of all 
who know him. 


In tracing back the genealogy of the 
Baldwin family, we find that the progeni- 
tor of the American branch was Simeon 
Baldwin, who emigrated to this country 
and first settled in New England. Just 

where he located is not known, but his son 
David was born in Essex county, New Jer- 
sey, where he was reared and married, and 
of his children Simeon Baldwin, grand- 
father of our subject, was born in Bloom- 
field in 1780. Nathaniel Baldwin, son of 
Simeon and father of David H., was born 
August 27, 1817, in Bloomfield, and in his 
twenty-second year he married Miss Ab- 
bie Ball, also of Bloomfield, who departed 
this life in 1867, leaving two children, one, 
Sarah E.. having died in her twenty-second 
year. The other two are our subject and 
Emma A., the latter being the wife of H. 
H. Biddulph, and four of the children born 
to them are living. The grandmother of 
David H. was, in her maidenhood, Miss 
Elizabeth Ward, daughter of Samuel Ward 
and a native of Cranetown, West Bloom- 
field. Her father was born in Essex 
county and was a representative of one of 
the pioneer families. 

David H. Baldwin was the youngest 
child and was reared in Bloomfield, where 
his preliminary educational discipline was 
acquired in the public schools. This was 
supplemented by his attending the Bloom- 
field Academy, and also the Newark Acad- 
emy, after which he completed his studies 
at Columbus College, taking a full course, 
including chemistry and mining engineer- 
ing. He engaged in the drug business on 
his own responsibility under the firm 
name of Griffen & Baldwin, which contin- 
ued for two and a half years, and then, 
in the latter part of 1879, he purchased his 
partner's interest and has since conducted 
the enterprise alone. His store is newly 
fitted up and completely equipped with 
everything that pertains to a first-class 
apothecary shop. He has an excellent and 
well selected stock, and, being centrally lo- 

i:ssi:x cocxrv 


cated. he does a large and remunerative 
business. He is one of tlie leading drug- 
gists of Montclair, and the factors of his 
success comprise a high order of intelli- 
gence, distinct ability, a genial disposition 
and an undoubted integrity of character. 

The marriage of Mr. Baldwin \vas sol- 
cnuiized in 1877. when he was united to 
Miss Eftie H. Lyon, of New York city, a 
daughter of William P. Lyon. Of this 
union four sons have been born. 

Politically considered. Mr. Baldwin is a 
stanch Republican and advocates the prin- 
ciples and policies of his chosen party. 
He takes a deep interest in all matters per- 
taining to the public welfare, is bacteriolo- 
gist in the Mountainside Hospital, and is 
a member of the Montclair Club. In 1894 
he took a special course in bacterioloev at 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
New York city. 


a merchant of South Orange, was born in 
the city which is still his home, October jo, 
1851, a son of Nathaniel and Fanny J. 
(Ball) Burt. The father was born near 
Basking Ridge, Somerset county. New- 
Jersey, in 1812, and was a son of .\brahani 
Burt. When he was a lad he was appren- 
ticed to Joseph Baldwin, of South Orange, 
to learn the shoemaker's trade and later 
carried on an extensive business along that 
line, engaging in the manufacture of shoes 
for the New York market and later for the 
army during the civil war. In connection 
with this industry he opened a general 
store, and after the introduction of the 
modern machinery for the manufacture 
of shoes, he abandoned that business ancl 
devoted his entire attention tn his mercan- 
tile trade. 


Mr. Burt was united in marriage to Miss 
Fanny J. Ball, of South Orange, and to 
them were born eight children: George 
M.. of South Orange; Mary, wife of W'ilson 
Decker, of South Orange; Daniel F.. who 
died in 1869, at the age of twenty-six years; 
Emma F. ; Lewis C, of South Orange; 
Charles A.; Ella J., wife of S. L. Crowell, 
of Caldwell, and Nettie, wife of George T. 
Hatt, of East Orange. 

The father of this family was quite prom- 
inent in public affairs and ser\ed for three 
years as township collector of Soutli 
Orange. In his political views he was a 
Democrat. His death occurred December 
10, 1881, and his wife passed away August 

5- 1894- 

Charles .\. Burt spent the greater part of 
his youth in school and on attaining his ma- 
jority embarked in business with his father, 
succeeding to the ownership of the store on 
his father's death. His stock is complete 
and well selected, his goods modern and 
his prices reasonable, and he has a liberal 
l)atronage by reason of his honorable deal- 
ing and his earnest desire to please his pa- 
trons. The energy and progressiveness 
necessary for successful competition in this 
busy, bustling age are his. and his well di- 
rected efforts have brought to him good 
financial returns. 

in 1S91 Mr. Burt was united in marriage 
to Miss .\nna Davenport, of Morris county. 
New Jersey, a daughter of Lewis Daven- 
port, also a native of Morris county. They 
have now an interesting little daughter, 
Tina Leona. Mr. Burt belongs to the First 
Presbyterian church. He is independent 
in his political views, and takes no active 
part in politics, preferring to devote his at- 
tention to his business interests and the 
enjoyment of the home life. 




is a well known member of the bar of Es- 
sex county. He entered upon practice in 
June, 1878. His advancement has been 
continuous and commendable and to-day 
he is recognized as one of the leaders in the 
Essex bar. 

Mr. Barrett was born in Cornwall, 
Orange county, New York, on the 14th of 
July, 1852, being the son of James M. and 
Sarah (Randolph) Barrett. His mother 
was also a native of New Jersey, as was her 
father, Hugh F. Randolph. The father of 
our subject was born ii: Cornwall, New 
York, and grew to manhood there, after 
which he followed merchandizing for 
a number of years in the neighbor- 
hood in which his youth was passed. 
In 1865 he moved to Bloomfield, New 
Jersey, and became a merchant in 
New York city. His death occurred in 
March, 1887. His father was Lewis Bar- 
rett, a native of Bedford, Westchester 
county, New York, and a descendant of 
English ancestors who located in the Em- 
pire state at an early period in its history. 

Halsey M. Barrett, whose name intro- 
duces this review, remained in his native 
state during the first twelve years of his 
life and began his education in the district 
schools near his home. In 1865 he accom- 
panied his parents on their removal to 
New Jersey, and entered the Bloomfield 
Academy, where he pursued his studies for 
a time, followed by a course in Newark 
Academy. Subsequently he entered Phil- 
lips Academy, in Andover, Massachusetts, 
where he was graduated in the class of 
1870. Soon afterward he matriculated in 
Yale College, but, owing to impaired 
health, he abandoned his college course 

and accepted the position of assistant in 
the actuary department of the Mutual 
Benefit Life Insurance Company, of New- 
ark. He retained this position until 1874, 
when he took up the study of law under 
the direction of Hon. Amzi Dodd, who was 
vice-chancellor of New Jersey and who is 
now president of the Mutual Benefit Life 
Insurance Company, of Newark. 

^Ir. Barrett applied himself with zeal to 
the mastery of the principles of law and 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in 
1878 and as a counsellor at law in 1881. 
He entered upon the practice of his chosen 
profession in Newark and has enjoyed 
from the first a large clientage. For the 
past four years he has been attorney for 
the North Jersey Street Railway Company. 

In November,. 1878, Mr. Barrett was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary L. Coe, 
daughter of the Rev. Dr. David B. Coe, 
who for manv }ears was secretary of the 
American Home Alissionary Society in 
New York. Mr. and Mrs. Barrett have 
four children, one son and three daughters. 
He and his family are members of the First 
Presbyterian church of Bloomfield, the 
children being the fifth generation who 
have continuously attended that church. 


The family name of this gentleman is 
one which is inelTaceably traced on the his- 
tory of Essex county and figures conspicu- 
ously on the pages of the records that per- 
petuate the principal events from early co- 
lonial days down to the present time. 
Through several generations the ancestry 
of the family can be traced, and in the lat- 
ter part of the eighteenth century there 
was born in Essex county, one who became 
a very important factor in the material, 

V/t/^iJ-^ /TC , /^^^U^LcZtr^ 



mora!, educational and social development 
of the commimity — Zenas Squire Crane, 
whose birth occurred in Cranetown,- Octo- 
ber 20, 1793, in the old homestead situated 
on the Valley road, near the junction with 
Church street, subsequently purchased by 
Grant J. Wheeler and now occupied by the 
latter's son. 

Squire Crane, as he was called, began his 
business career as a clerk in the store of 
Job Dod, in Bloomfield, and when but 
eighteen years of age was elected a con- 
stable of Bloomfield township. A year 
later, on the breaking out of the war of 
18 1 J, he responded to his country's call, 
and though a mere youth, shouldered his 
musket and enlisted in a New Jersey regi- 
ment, doing service at Sandy Hook and in 
the southern part of the state, defending 
the coast against the invading forces. On 
his return he joined the state militia, and 
on the 15th of May, 1821, was made lieu- 
tenant and subsequently captain of the 
First Company, Second Battalion, of the 
Fifth Regiment, acting as such for more 
than eleven years. In 1826 he was ap- 
pointed justice of the peace by the state 
legislature, which office he filled in a most 
creditable manner for fifty-four years. His 
rulings during all this time were never re- 
versed by those of a higher court, and the 
decisions rendered by him were at all times 
sound and logical. He received an ap- 
pointment as commissioner of deeds 
the year after his appointment as jus- 
tice of the peace, and in 1837 was 
appointed a lay judge of Essex coun- 
ty, in which capacity he served until 
1853, when he was appointed master in 
chancery. When the building of the pres- 
ent courthouse was proposed, he was one 
of the members of the building committee. 

There was, perhaps, not another man in 
Essex county who was so well informed 
concerning the general transactions in real 
estate, since Judge Crane was a surveyor 
and surveyed the lands and prepared the 
deeds for nearly every transaction made in 
this vicinity for fifty years. He was for a 
long period the president of the Rosendale 
Cement Company, of Jersey City, and at 
one time owned all the land bounded by a 
line running from the corner of Valley road 
to a point at the top of the mountain, near 
the lands of Mr. Pillsbury, and thence to 
the Old Road, then known as the Pompton 
Turnpike, the lands being bounded on the 
east and west by Valley road and the 
Caldwell township line. 

Judge Crane was one of the corporate 
members of the Presbyterian church and 
ser\ed as a trustee for more than twenty 
years. Among the archives of the public 
schools is a book wherein he recorded the 
organization of the present school, on May 
17, 1831, to which he subscribed himself 
as president of the board of trustees, of 
which he was a member for many years. 
Few men in this vicinity ever led such a 
life of public usefulness; he was prominent- 
ly identified with the various measures 
which promoted the educational, moral and 
material welfare, and his influence and sup- 
port were important factors in the substan- 
tial progress of the county. In his early 
life the Judge was a stanch advocate of the 
old Whig party, and he subsequently be- 
came an uncompromising Republican. 
At the presidential election in 1880 Judge 
Crane and "Uncle" Nathaniel R. Dodd 
marched to the polls early in the morning, 
the former bearing aloft an American flag. 
Quite a number of voters had preceded 
them, but before exercising their own right 



of franchise all waited until the two old 
veterans had deposited their ballots. Mr. 
Crane was ever a loyal adherent of his 
country and neglected no duty of citizen- 

On the 24th of September, 1821, he was 
united in marriage to Miss Maria Searing, 
the ceremony being performed in the old 
Bloomfield hotel by the Rev. Dr. Judd, 
who was at that time the pastor of the 
Presbyterian church of that place. The 
following children were born to them : 
Sarah A., wife of Thomas Jessup, who lived 
and died in Newburg, New York; Ange- 
lena, wife of Hon. Stephen K. Williams, 
a resident of Newark, Wayne county. New 
York; Mary Elizabeth, wife of John An- 
drus, who makes his home in Hackensack, 
New Jersey; Theodore T., who is located 
in Yonkers, New York; and Frances J., 
wife of Dr. J. J. H. Love, of Montclair. 

Jeremiah, son of Stephen and Rhoda 
Crane, was born April 2, 1770. His home- 
stead stood on what is now the foundation 
of the cottage of Thomas Porter, near the 
corner of Harrison avenue and Union 
street, and his farm extended from what is 
now Harrison avenue to the top of the 
mountain. He was a man of considerable 
prominence in his day and was a recog- 
nized leader in public affairs. He married 
Elizabeth Corby, who was born June 22, 
1774, and they became the parents of 
eleven children, namely: Purthana, Han- 
nah, William, Julia, Rhoda, Israel, Linas, 
Ira, Mary, Eliza and Ann Martha. 

Of this family Ira Crane is the next in 
the line of direct descent to our subject. 
He was born on the old family homestead 
and succeeded to the ownership of the es- 
tate. He was a man of considerable 
prominence, served on the town committee 

and held other offices of trust and respon- 
sibility. He belonged to the Presbyterian 
church of Bloomfield and held official 
preferment therein. During most of his 
life he carried on the shoe business and 
earned a comfortable living for his family. 
His home was on South Fullerton avenue, 
where he purchased ground and erected a 
residence, since altered and remodeled and 
now owned by Dr. Butler. He married 
^Margaret Norwood, and their children are 
Jarvis G., Angeline and Israel. 

The eldest, Jarvis Crane, the father of 
our subject, was born at the old family 
home on Harrison avenue and Union 
street, February 7, 1831. He became a 
carpenter and builder and erected some of 
the best houses in his day, including the 
residences of Samuel Wilde, on Fullerton 
avenue, and of Julius Pratt, on Elm street; 
also the homes of William Terry, George 
S. Dwight, J. C. Hart, Joseph Van Vleck, 
Robert M. Boyd and many others, and all 
these stand as monuments to his enter- 
prise, his industry and his efficiency in his 
chosen calling. He afterward engaged in 
the hardware business, which he carried on 
successfully for many years. He bought 
the lot adjoining that of his father on Ful- 
lerton avenue and built the house now oc- 
cupied by his son. Dr. Frank S. Crane. 
About 1854 he removed to Boonton, New 
Jersey, where he maintained his residence 
for five years. He there married Henri- 
etta Smith, and has three children, namely: 
Ira Seymour, Frank S. and Alice B. 

Ira Seymour Crane, whose name intro- 
duces this review of a prominent and dis- 
tinguished family of Essex county, was 
born in Boonton, New Jersey, December 
29, 1855, and when four years of age was 
taken by his parents to West Bloomfield, 

/;n.s7:.V iOUSTY 


now Moiitclair, the old home of liis father, 
lie enjoyed the best educational advan- 
tages then to be had in the township, and 
was graduated in the high school in 1873. 
He learned the carpenter's trade with his 
father and for eight years followed that 
pursuit, but when his father bought out the 
hardware store of William S. Morris, in 
18S1, he was admitted to a partnership in 
the business under the firm name of J. C. 
Crane & Son. Since his father's retire- 
ment, in 1888, our subject has carried on 
the business alone and has an excellent 
trade, which comes to him by reason of his 
honorable dealing, his uniform courtesy 
and his earnest desire to please his patrons. 
He possesses keen foresight and sound 
judgment and his affairs are so conducted 
as to yield to him a handsome return. He 
is connected with numerous other business 
enterprises, in all of which he has displayed 
the same business capacity and enterprise. 
He is a director in the Montclair Building 
& Loan Association, one of the strongest 
of its kind in the state, is a stockholder in 
the Montclair Bank and a director in the 
Montclair Savings Bank. 

In 1882 was celebrated the marriage 
which united the destinies of Mr. Crane 
and Miss Caroline A. Doremus, a daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Caroline (Mead) Dore- 
mus. His wife died October 14, 189J, 
leaving two children, Ira Seymour and 
Henrietta Mead. On June 20, 1895, he 
was again married, to Miss S. Maud W. 
Priest, daughter of Rev. Dr. J. Addison 
Priest, formerly pastor of the First Presby- 
terian church of Montclair. The maiden 
name of her mother was Frances Walker. 
There are two sons by this marriage, Wol- 
cott Bogle and Robert Dempster. In re- 
ligious matters Mr. Crane has evinced the 

same energy, earnestness and devotion 
that have characterized all his business af- 
fairs. He is one of the most public-spir- 
ited and progressive men of the present 
generation, as well as one of the most pop- 
ular. He helped to organize the fire de- 
parment, was elected assistant foreman of 
the company and in 1890 was made chief 
of the fire department. Under his able 
management the department has increased 
in efficiency and strength and is now one 
of the best conducted in any suburban 
town in the state. In 1891 he became a 
member of the town committee and was 
made the first township treasurer after the 
creation of that office, filling the position 
with marked fidelity and ability. His 
worth to the community is highly esti- 
mated and the county numbers him among 
its valued citizens. He is fortunate in 
having back of him an honored ancestry 
and happy that the lines of his life have 
been cast in harmony therewith. Es- 
teemed by his friends, respected in business 
and public life, he commands the regard 
of all with whom he has been brought in 


The history of a state, as well as that of a 
nation, is chiefly the chronicles of the lives 
and deeds of those who have conferred 
honor and dignity upon society, whether 
in the broad sphere of public labors or in 
the more circumscribed, but not less worthy 
and valuable, of individual activity through 
which the general good is ever promoted. 
The name borne by our subject is one which 
has stood exponent for the most sterling 
personal characteristics, the deepest appre- 
ciation of the rights and privileges of citi- 



zenship in our great republic, and is one 
which has been indissolubly identified with 
the annals of the state of New Jersey from 
an early epoch in its history. There have 
been strong men and true, as one genera- 
tion has followed another, — men leal and 
loyal to our national institutions and to the 
duties of patriotism. There is both pro- 
priety and satisfaction in according even a 
cursory review of the genealogy of such 
a line, and to touch the more salient points 
of personality. 

As to the original American progenitor 
of the Munn family the records ex- 
tant are unfortunately meagre in ex- 
act information, though there is a tra- 
dition, sufficiently well authenticated, to 
the effect that the original ancestor of our 
subject in the agnatic line was one of two 
brothers who came to the United States 
in the seventeenth century, from Wales, 
and settled in_ Massachusetts, where he re- 
mained until the French and Indian war, 
when he came to New Jersey, where the 
family has ever since had many represent- 
atives. Tracing back the lineage, we find 
that Isaac Munn, a resident of Orange, 
Essex county, died on the 8th of January, 
1811, while his wife, Mary, passed away on 
the 31st of March, 1820. These were the 
parents of Captain Joseph Munn, the 
grandfather of the immediate subject of this 
review. Joseph Munn was born in Orange 
on the 4tli of May, 1774, and his death oc- 
curred October 18, 1864. He married 
Martha I''. Williams, and they resided in 
Orange until about the year 1800, when 
they removed to Montclair, Essex county 
(the place being then a portion of Bloom- 
field), and here the Captain purchased a 
valuable projjcrty on the corner of Valley 
Road and Church street, where he resided 

until 1822, when he removed to the corner 
of Bloomfiekl avenue and Valley Road, 
where he had erected a building, which is 
still standing and which is now known as 
the Mansion House. He occupied this 
house until about 1845, and then removed 
to the southwest corner of the same two 
thoroughfares, where he passed the residue 
of his days, his death occurring October 18, 
1864. His wife, Martha P., who was born 
March 15. 1776, died April 16, 1853. Cap- 
tain JNIunn was one of the influential and 
most highly honored men of this section. 
For forty-five years he conducted a hotel, 
having first engaged in this line of business 
in 1802. He was also prominently identi- 
fied with other industrial pursuits, having 
been associated as a copartner with Nathan- 
iel H. Baldwin in the manufacture of hats, 
while he w'as also one of the most extensive 
land-owners in the township, carrying on 
farming operations upon a large scale. He 
was one of the oldest Masons in the state 
and was widely known as a thorough and 
consistent exemplar of the noble princii)les 
and precepts of this ancient and honored 
crafthood, having affiliated with Bloomfiekl 
Lodge, F. A. M., and Washington Chapter, 
R. A. M. He manifested great interest in 
Masonic matters until the hour of his death. 
Early in this century lodge meetings were 
held in a room of his hotel, on the corner of 
Valley Road and Church street. The Cap- 
tain was a man of large stature, command- 
ing presence, and was very active and en- 
ergetic. His personality was distinct and 
reliant, he was resolute of purpose ami his 
depth of character, strict adherence to i)rin- 
ciple and admirable social qualities gained 
for him the admiration and esteem of his 

The children of Captain Joseph and 

i:ssH\ foc.vyr. 


Martlia F. (^^'illiams) Munn were five in 
number, and of them we make brief record, 
as follows: John B., born January i. 179S. 
died July 14, 1831; Calvin Munn. father of 
the immediate subject of this sketch, is re- 
ferred to more specifically in succeeding 
paragraphs: Rlioda \V., Iiorn February 21. 
1804, died in May, 1864; Eli Emmons 
Munn was born December 12, 1808; 
George H., born February 26, 1812, died 
August 8, 1814. Rhoda W. became the 
wife of Joseph Collins, November 22, 1842, 
and their only child was Joseph M., now 
deceased. Eli E. Munn was married to 
Rachel Doremus, July 18, 1833, and they 
had five children: Rhoda A.. John R., de- 
ceased; Joseph E., deceased; Margaret A.; 
and Mary, deceased. 

Calvin Munn, father of our subject, was 
born in Bloomfield (now Montclair), on the 
2 1 St of October, 1799, and his death oc- 
curred August 26. 1 87 1. Under the direc- 
tion and in the establishment of his father 
he learned the hatter's trade, to which he 
devoted his attention until 1835, when he 
located on his farm on the Valley Road, 
where he continued to make his home luitil 
his <lemise. July 14, 1822, he was united in 
marriage to Mary E. Squire, daughter of 
Nathaniel Squire, of Morris county. She 
was born in Livingston, that county, on 
October 2, 1800, and her death occurred 
June 6, 1888. Both of her parents at- 
tained extreme longevity, each being nearly 
ninety years of age at time of death. She 
was born and educated in a period when 
girls were taught to be good housewives, 
while not neglecting the discipline of the 
mind, — the good old days when were de- 
veloped that strong manhood and true and 
gentle womanhood which have given stabil- 
ity and grace to many a community. Mrs. 

Munn thus learned the arts of spinning and 
weaving of wool and flax, and to fashion it 
into wearing apparel and other forms to be 
utilized in the domestic economies, of which 
she was mistress in all varied phases. She 
was such a one as to exemplify the state- 
ment that "her children rise up and call 
her blessed." She raised a large family, 
vs as a model mother, — methodical, industri- 
ous and devoted to her home and family. 
Her faculties remained unimpaired until 
death set its seal upon her aged lips; she 
always found time to read and keep in- 
formed on current events; she retained the 
management of her household until within 
two days of her death. It is worthy of note 
that her mother's youthful days were passed 
in New Jersey at a period when wolves and 
Indians were numerous, and when the 
crime of witchcraft still reared its horrid 
head. Her father was killed in a skinnish 
at Connecticut Farms in the war of the 
Revolution. Not less to this noble and de- 
voted mother, Mary E. Munn, than to the 
father. Calvin, did the children owe the ut- 
most filial love and admiration. Calvin 
Munn was a man of deep sentiment and 
winning personality, being a lover of and 
favorite with children and never wearying 
in his efforts to entertain them. His nature 
was strong and honest and his friends were 
in number as his acquaintances. He was 
greatly interested in fruit culture, and had 
probably more varieties than any other in 
the township. He died full of honors and 
good works, and his name will long be re- 
vered in the community where his long and 
useful life was passed. 

The children of Calvin and Mary E. 
(Squire) Munn were seven in number, 
namely: Mary A., born January 20, 1823; 
Phebe C. bom November 9, 1826; Albert 


E.. October 17. 1829; Joseph A., whose 
name initiates this article; Martha A., who 
was born December 9. 1835, and who died 
October 20, 1875: John B., l)orn December 
7, 1838, died March 3, 1803: and Helen A., 
born April 5, 1841. 

Joseph A. Munn, our immediate subject, 
was born in Bloomfield (now Montclair). 
on the 25th of September, 1832. He se- 
cured his educational discipline in the pax- 
schools of the village and in the excellent 
boarding school of Milton Holt. Inherit- 
ing the self-reliance and resolute purpose of 
his honored parents, he early began to for- 
mulate his plans for the future and made 
ready to assume the responsibilities of life. 
In his eighteenth year he went to Jersey 
Citv, where he remained three years, after 
which he proceeded to New York city. 
where he was variously employed as sales- 
man and bookkeeper until 1861. He then 
entered into a copartnership with J. Darwin 
Cobb, under the firm name of Munn & 
Cobb, for the purpose of carrying on a 
business in London, England. He sailed 
for London in February, 1861. and main- 
tained his residence there for several years, 
representing and selling the products of 
American manufacturers. In 1865 he 
opened in New York a house for the sale of 
French and German manufactures, doing a 
large importing business and continuing 
operations under the name of Alunn & 
Cobb until 1873. when the copartnership 
was dissolved and ]Mr. !Munn retired from 
mercantile business. 

Within the succeeding year he went to 
Colorado, where he became largely inter- 
ested in the mining and milling of gold 
ore, continuing operations in this line until 
1890, when he returned to his old and cher- 

ished home in Montclair, where he has 
since resided, fully enjoying the hallowed 
associations of the past and the many pleas- 
ing environments of the present. On the 
1st of January, 1856, Mr. Munn was mar- 
ried to ]\Iiss Margaret L. Sandford, whose 
death occurred in 1874. February 22, 
1896, he consummated a second marriage, 
being then united to iliss Augusta A. Hud- 
son. He maintains a constant and lively 
interest in all that touches the progress and 
prosperity of his native place, where he is 
honored as a worthy scion of worthy par- 

AUiert E. Munn. son of Calvin and Mary 
E. r^Iunn, was born in that part of Bloom- 
field which now bears the name of J^Iont- 
clair. October 17, 1829, receiving his educa- 
tion under the same circumstances and aus- 
pices as did his brother, Joseph A. He 
learned the carriage-maker's trade, which 
he followed for several years. When armed 
rebellion menaced the integrity of the 
Union he promptly enlisted as a member 
of the Twenty-si.xth Regiment of Volunteer 
Infantry and served until the expiration of 
his term, when he was honorably dis- 
charged. He then assumed charge of his 
father's farm, on Valley Road, where he 
now resides. 

John B. Munn. the youngest son of Cal- 
vin and j\lary E. Munn, was bom in Mont- 
clair, on the 7th of December, 1838, and 
was educated in the village school. At the 
time of the late war of the Rebellion he was 
occupied as a salesman in New York. He 
enlisted in the Thirteenth Regiment, be- 
coming orderly sergeant. He participated 
in several battles, and sacrificed his life 
upon his country's altar in the l)attle of 
Chancellorsville, Virginia, I\Iay 3, 1863. 

i:ssi:x cofXTY. 


TUDMAS il. J(_)Xi:S. 

wlio lias been conspicuously identified 
with the public atYairs of Irvington and 
who most effectively represented his dis- 
trict in the state legislature of New Jer- 
sey, is a native of this state, his birth hav- 
ing occurred in the city of Harrison on the 
nth of November, i860. His father, the 
late David Jones, was born in Wales in 
1S23 and emigrated to the United States 
in 1832, his death taking place in this coun- 
try in 1872. He followed the vocation of 
a saddler, and was married in New Jersey 
to Miss Mary A. Reynolds, who departed 
this life in 1890. 

Thomas H. is the third of five children. 
The death of his father threw him upon 
his own responsibilities at the early age of 
twelve years, and he secured work on a 
farm at Free Union, \\'arren county, New 
Jersey, remaining there for nearly four 
years, obtaining such literary education as 
was afforded by the public schools of the 
neighborhood, which he attended in the 
winter months during the years 1872-3-4. 
He spent another four years on a farm at 
Stanhope, Essex county, following which 
period he entered the employ of the cellu- 
loid company in Newark, retaining his po- 
sition with that concern for ten years, and 
in 1884 he came to Irvington, where he is 
now conducting an insurance and real-es- 
tate business and where he has been prom- 
inently connected with the best interests of 
the village. Touching upon the positions 
of trust and honor he has occupied with 
distinct efficiency, we may state that he was 
elected clerk of the village and served three 
consecutive terms in that office; he was 
postmaster during President Harrison's 

administration; in 1884 he was elected a 
member of the board of education and be- 
came its president; he is an active member 
of the Irvington fire department; is secre- 
tary of the Irvington Land & Improve- 
ment Company, and of the Clinton Water 
Company, both of which enterprises he as- 
sisted in organizing. 

Mr. Jones was elected to the New Jer- 
sey general assembly by the Republican 
party in 1896 and again in 1897, and proved 
a most useful member of that honorable 
body. He was instrumental in securing 
the passage of some wholesome legislation, 
among which may be mentioned the fol- 
lowing bills: That providing for the col- 
lection of taxes and assessments, unpaid, 
by selling the property in fee simple, the 
excellence of the law being fully proven by 
subsequent events; a bill to enable South 
Orange to build sewers to tide water; an 
amendment to an act known as the '"road 
act," saving the town of Belleville fifteen 
thousand dollars; a bill providing for the 
annexation of a portion of Clinton town- 
ship to Newark; a bill providing for the ap- 
portionment of the assets and liabilities be- 
tween a city or other municipality and any 
territory that may be annexed to it; a bill 
to restore to Irvington certain rights of 
which it was deprived in 1890, relating to 
opening streets, laying sidewalks, etc.; and 
a bill authorizing township committees to 
appoint commissions to condemn land for 
township purposes. He was chairman of 
the committee on towns and townships and 
was a member of the committee on educa- 
tion. His services as a legislator were 
most valuable and were highly appreciated 
by his party in general and by the district 
represented by him in particular. On Jan- 



uary ii, 1898, he was elected clerk of the 
house of assembly of the one hundred and 
twenty-second legislature. 

On November 24, 1881, Mr. Jones was 
united in marriage to Miss Lottie Colton, 
daughter of James D. Colton, and they be- 
came the parents of the following children : 
Verra L., Colton D. and Audry L. 

In his social relations Mr. Jones is a 
member of Franklin Lodge No. 10, F. & 
A. M.; Clinton Lodge, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows; Washington Encampment 
of Odd Fellows; and Irvington Council, 
Junior Order of American Mechanics. He 
is an active participant in the workings of 
all these bodies, in which he has attained a 
high degree of popularity. 


John Fairfield Dryden, president of the 
Prudential Insurance Company of America, 
was born August 7, 1839, in Temple Mills, 
near Farmington, Maine. The family of 
Dryden is one of antiquity, and represents, 
both in England and Wales, a stock an- 
cient and honorable. The parents of Mr. 
Dryden, John Dryden of Massachusetts, 
and EHzabeth Butterfield Jennings, his wife, 
who was a native of INIaine, were people of 
culture and standing. In early life their 
son manifested taste and inclination for 
study and was by his father given 
the best of advantages for preparatory 
education and, later, entered Yale Col- 
lege. Before the completion of his col- 
legiate course, however, ill health obliged 
him to abandon his greatest desire, en- 
trance to the legal profession, for which he 
had already given indications of fitness, 
and he returned to his home under orders 
from his physicians, that by rest and bodily 

exercise he might, if possible, recover the 
health so greatly impaired by over-applica- 
tion to study. 

Again with his family, Mr. Drj-den for 
a time obeyed his physicians and, leav- 
ing his books, allowed the tender ministra- 
tions of his parents to assist in every pos- 
sible way in his return to health and 
strength. Soon, however, he began anew 
to devote himself to reading and study, 
anti particularly to mathematical investiga- 
tion; in connection with which latter branch 
he became almost immediately greatly in- 
terested in the subject of insurance, and, 
as was his wont with anything that par- 
ticularly excited his interest, he went into 
the subject thoroughly. He obtained all 
the literature that was to be had bearing 
upon it;' "devoured," as he says himself, 
every book that he could get on the subject. 
Thus was laid the foundation of his life 
work. From theory he passed into prac- 
tice and became a life-insurance operator, 
with the view of mastering the practical 
side of the science, — for that is really what 
life insurance is. 

About the time of the close of the war 
of the Rebellion of 186 1-5, a report made 
by the late Elizur Wright, then insurance 
commissioner of Massachusetts, was made 
to the legislature of that state. It embodied 
a reference to industrial insurance as prac- 
ticed in England, and remarked that be- 
cause such a system was operated success- 
fully in Great Britain was no reason neces- 
sarily why a similar system should succeed 
in this country. Mr. Wright was rather in- 
clined to think it would not, owing to the 
differences existing between England and 
.America, their peoples, habits, customs, in- 
stitutions, etc. It required courage in those 
days to differ with Mr. Wright upon mat- 

ESSEX rorwrv. 


ters of this sort. Mr. Dryden ha<l tliis cour- 
age. He diflered radically from tlie Mas- 
sachusetts official on the point in question. 
As he had done with life insurance general- 
ly, so he did with this industrial plan, wholly 
new to America. He secured all the print- 
ed matter obtainable on the subject; went 
into the whole history of friendly societies, 
out of which was finally evolved the indus- 
trial system, and ended by becoming thor- 
oughly convinced that a plan could be ar- 
ranged whereby a system based on the 
same fundamental principles could be ap- 
plied and successfully operated in this coun- 
try. He set himself the task to arrange 
such a plan. He devoted several years to 
the work, and fixing upon Newark, 
New Jersey, then as now a great 
industrial center, started, in 1873, to 
put his plan to a practical test. 
Along with several leading citizens of 
Newark, whom he had interested in his 
project, he secured the passage by the New 
Jersey legislature of an act authorizing him 
and others to form and operate such a com- 
pany as his plan called for. A society was 
formed, called the "Widows' and Orphans' 
Friendly Society," but during the two years 
of its existence all that was done by it was 
in the nature of an experiment and prepara- 
tion for the real work that was to be done 
by the permanently organized institution, 
the Prudential Insurance Company of 
America. This company was established on 
October 13, 1875. What followed immedi- 
ately after this is thus narrated in a work 
published in Chicago in 1896, and called 
the Underwriter: 

"Its ofiice staff consisted of three per- 
sons. Its whole outfit was limited in cost 
to two hundred dollars. The life and 
soul of the institution was John F. 

Dryden. All his working hours were 
devoted to it. and it was the sub- 
ject of dreams by night. He saw then 
the great success of the future, but was alive 
to the fact that it could only be realized 
by tireless activity, unflagging industry and 
the greatest energy. And all he possessed 
of these qualities he threw into the venture. 
Fight o'clock in the morning ahvavs saw 
him at his desk. Often it was midnight 
before he ceased work. His jjlans pros- 
pered. It was demonstrated that the new 
system could be successfully operated in 
this country. The field of operations must 
be enlarged, however, — must be extended, 
so that instead of Newark and the adja- 
cent towns being the boundaries, the whole 
United States must be embraced. 

"But before taking positive steps in this 
direction, Mr. Dryden went to Fngland to 
learn there all that was to be learned about 
the practical workings of industrial insur- 
ance. In five weeks from the time he left 
Newark he was back again. He brought 
with him a great mass of valuable informa- 
tion, statistical guides, blanks, forms and 
the like, all of which proved of enormous 
service to Mr. Dryden and his associates. 
Besides, it determined them to go ahead 
and extend their lines. They did so. They 
raised one hundred thousand dollars and 
deposited it with the New Jersey State In- 
surance Department. This authorized 
them to do business all over the Union. 
This was in the early part of 1879." 

From thence forward the history of the 
Prudential has been a never-ceasing but 
ever-increasing record of progress and pros- 
])erity. Its advances have been by leaps and 
bounds. The Newark acorn planted in 
1S75, under conditions that made prudence 
and economy of the closest kind prerequi- 


/;-^,S'£'X COUNTY. 

sites of primary management, and that 
seemed to all but the little l:)and of pioneers 
engaged in the work to ])e full of insur- 
mountable difficulties and all sorts of dis- 
couragements, has, from the first, grown 
with steady growth, and has reached pro- 
portions that now place it in the front rank 
of the greatest institutions of the kind in 
the world. 

In summing up the character and extent 
of Mr. Dryden's life work, it is not enough 
to give him his share in the creation of the 
Prudential Insurance Company of America. 
To him is also to be justly ascribed the 
honor of being the chief pioneer of the in- 
dustrial form of insurance in America, a sys- 
tem which was wholly unknown to the 
masses of this country in 1875, but which is 
now operated by eleven companies, large 
and small, whose combined force of field 
and office employes number fully thirty 
thousand persons; whose policy-holders ag- 
gregate about eight million, whose total 
amount of insurance in force reaches nearly 
a iiillion of dollars, and whose total pay- 
ments to policy-holders foot up not far 
from one hundred million dollars. Another 
highly significant and suggestive fact, re- 
sultant from the introduction in this coun- 
try of the industrial system is this: The 
number of persons insured in America has 
l)een increased from about two per cent, of 
the population in 1875 to about fifteen per 
cent, in 1897. 

While the establishment and maintenance 
of this great company's work demands 
the incessant care and watchfulness of his 
directing eye and hand, Mr. Dryden has 
found time and place to give attention to 
other interests than those of the Prudential 
alone. His name appears as vice-president 
of the Fidelity Title and Deposit Company, 

and he is an active and useful director in 
other financial institutions. 

The building occupied by the Prudential 
is one of the finest edifices in the world. 
The company itself stands in the front rank 
of the great financial institutions of the 
world, and of its conditions and benefits to 
policy-holders, it is said, "they constitute 
an instrument which is undoubtedly the 
most comprehensive and liberal policy is- 


is prominently connected with the busi- 
ness, political and social life of Montclair 
and possesses those qualities of genuine 
worth which everywhere command respect. 
Honorable in all trade transactions, thor- 
oughly reliable in the discharge of public 
duties and courteous and kindly in social 
circles, he is one of the popular and valued 
citizens of the county, and the circle of his 
friends is ever widening. 

Mr. Taylor, who represents one of the 
old fainilies of Essex county, was born in 
West Bloomfield, now Montclair, May 3, 
1839, being a son of Samuel and Lydia 
(Osborn) Taylor, also natives of Bloom- 
field. The ancestors of the Taylor family 
came from England and took up their resi- 
dence in New England when that district 
was the property of Great Britain. The 
ancestral history, however, is one of long 
and close connection with Essex county. 
The grandfather, David Taylor, was born 
in this county and followed the occupation 
of farming. He took a very prominent 
part in church work and aided in building 
the old Presbyterian church in Bloomfield, 
which has withstood the storms of more 
than a centurv. He served as deacon in 



that church for many years and was one of 
its most consistent and worthy members. 
Tlie maternal grandfather of our subject 
was John 11. Osborn, a native of Essex 
county, descended from a member of the 
New England colony that settled in this 
county at a very early period in its develop- 
ment. He married Miss Rhoda Baldwin, 
of Bloomfield, New* Jersey. 

Samuel Taylor, the father of our subject, 
was a carpenter and builder and erected 
many of the dwellings in Bloomfield and 
vicinity. He died in his native city after 
a useful and honorable career, at the age 
of eighty-two years. 

William M. Taylor was reared in the 
county of his nativity and attended the 
public schools in Bloomfield and Mont- 
clair, pursuing a high-school course. On 
leaving the schoolroom he began learning 
the carpenter's trade under the direction 
of John C. Collins, of Montclair. and on the 
completion of his term of apprenticeship 
he worked as a journeyman for two years. 
He then began contracting and building 
on his own account and formed a partner- 
ship with his brother, Warren S. Taylor, 
under the firm name of Taylor Brothers, 
dealers in lumber and masons' materials. 
After a time they established the first plan- 
ing mill in Montclair. which they continued 
to operate in connection with their other 
business for several years, meeting w'ith 
good success in their undertakings. In 
the meantime they had also added a coal 
and wood yard to their other interests and 
about 1878 disposed of their other enter- 
prises, continuing only the ownership of 
the coal and wood yard. In 1886 Mr. 
Taylor, of this review, embarked in the 
real-estate business, his ofifice being now lo- 
cated in the Crawford building, near the 

depot of the Delaware, Lackawanna & 
Western Railroad. In both departments 
of his business he is meeting with a fair de- 
gree of success, by reason of his close at- 
tention, his enterprise and capable mairage- 

In his political views Mr. Taylor is an 
ardent Republican, and he stanchly advo- 
cates the principles promulgated by that 
party. In 1894 he was elected assessor of 
^Montclair. and was re-elected in 1896 for 
a term of three years, so that he is now the 
incumbent. He is fair, faithful and prompt 
in the execution of his official duties and 
has the confidence of people of all parties. 

In 1866 Mr. Taylor was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Adelia Gilbert, of Bloomfield, 
New Jersey, a daughter of Charles and 
Elizabeth Gilbert. In 1892 he erected his 
fine residence on Mountain avenue. It is 
built in a beautiful style of architecture, 
supplied with all modern improvements, 
and has most tasteful and decorative sur- 
roundings, while the charm of its hospital- 
ity is enjoyed by many friends. 


Conspicuously identified with the literary 
and legal interests of Essex county, and 
one whose powerful mentality and facile 
pen have placed foremost among the noted 
citizens of New Jersey, it is with particular 
propriety that \\'illiam R. Weeks is accord- 
ed a place in this compilation, and a resume 
of his career will no doubt be perused with 
interest by his many friends as well as the 
general public. 

William Raymond Weeks was born on 
the 4th of August. 1848, the son of John 
Randel and Mary Frances (Adriance) 
Weeks, and received his educational disci- 



pline in the public grammar and high 
schools of Newark, completing his studies 
in the Newark Academy, at which he was 
graduated in 1865. He is now one of the 
trustees of that institution, is the historian 
of the Newark Academy alumni and was 
president at their centennial in 1892. Dur- 
ing the civil war he was a member of the 
New Jersey militia and of the Union 
League. Subsequently he engaged in read- 
ing law with his father, John Randel 
Weeks; was admitted to the New Jersey 
bar as an attorney-at-law in November. 
1S70, and as a counsellor- at-law in Febru- 
ary, 1876, and was granted permission to 
practice before the New York bar in March. 
1895, ^nd that of West Virginia in 1897. 

In 1883 Mr. Weeks organized a volun- 
teer fire department at Bloomfield, New 
Jersey, serving the following year as a mem- 
ber of the legislative committee of the New 
Jersey State Firemen's Association, of 
which he became the first state counsel, in 
1884, and held that office for four years, 
during which time he drafted and remod- 
eled the state fire laws. Later he compiled 
and published a compendium of these laws, 
with a series of forms. He is an expert in 
real-estate, probate, corporation and min- 
ing laws; has under his management large 
and important estates and is an organizer 
of business and mining corporations. He 
was one of the counsel employed in defend- 
ing Joseph A. Blair, of Montclair, New Jer- 
sey, the paying teller of the Mechanics' 
National Bank, in Wall street, New York, 
who was tried and acquitted in 1879, 
charged with the nnu'der of his coachman, 
John Armstrong. 

Mr. Weeks has been a member of the 
American Bar Association since 1879, and 
he is a member of the Association of the 

Bar of New York; the Lawyers' Club, the 
Twilight Club, the Dunlap Society, the 
iVmerican Numismatic and Archseological 
Society, of New York; the American His- 
torical Association, the New Jersey His- 
torical Society, the New Jersey Sons of the 
American Revolution, the New Jersey and 
New York Societies of the Founders and 
Patriots of America, and the Revolutionary 
Memorial Society of New Jersey. 

For several years Mr. Weeks was the 
historiographer of the American Numis- 
matic and Archaeological Society, of New 
York, and published a history of the same. 
He is the author of a history of the Newark 
Academy, and has in preparation a Bibli- 
ography of New Jersey, a History of 
the Colonial Schools and School Masters 
of New Jersey, a monograph on the Jerseys 
in America — their Nomenclature and Car- 
tography prior to 1700, and a history of 
the First Endowment of the College of New 
Jersey, now known as Princeton Univer- 
sity. At a meeting, held April 21, 1897, 
of the New Jersey Society of the Order of 
the Founders and Patriots of America, he 
read a paper on New Jersey's Influence 
upon her Surroundings, and is preparing a 
paper on The Manhattans, showing that the 
name was not first applied to New York. 

The marriage of Mr. Weeks was solem- 
nized on the 4th of August, 1869, when he 
was united to Miss Irene Le Massena, who 
was born March 23, 185 1, at Newark, a 
daughter of Andrew and Margaret Will- 
iams (Whitlock) Le Massena, and a great- 
granddaughter of Andre Massena, Prince 
of Essling, one of Napoleon's marshals. 
She is also descended from the Williams 
and Whitlocks of New Brunswick, and the 
Lees of New York. Mr. and Mrs. Weeks 
are the parents of two daughters, — Nina 



Margaret, born December 3, 1876, and 
Ivcnee Hutchinson. Ijorn November 29, 

In tracing the paternal genealogy of our 
subject, we find that the founder of the 
family in America was George W'eekes.who 
came from Devonshire, England, to Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, in 1637. accompa- 
nied by his wife, Jane, a sister of Roger 
Clap, who was descended from Osgod 
Klapa, a Danish nobleman. George Weekes 
was a surveyor and a selectman of Dorches- 
ter, where he died in 1650. His ancestors 
were landed gentry of England, one of 
them. Sir Robert le Wrey de la Wyke. a 
Norman knight and a descendant of Charle- 
magne, being granted large estates in Eng- 
land by William the Conqueror. 

In the Records of Connecticut Men in 
W'lir of the Revolution, page 18, is fouml 
the following: 

"Ebenezer Weeks, great-great-grandson 
of George Weekes, was born in 1741 at 
Pomfret, Connecticut; in 1764 married 
Eunice, daughter of Rev. George Griswold. 
and died in 181 3. at Steuben, New York. 
He responded to Lexington Alarm, in 
April, 1775, and was a private in Captain 
Elisha Fox's company. Colonel Samuel H. 
Parsons' regiment, Connecticut militia, in 
Revolutionary war." 

Rev. William Raymond Weeks, D. D.. 
son of Ebenezer Weeks, was born at Brook- 
lyn, Connecticut, in 1783, was graduated at 
the College of New Jersey, Princeton, in 
1809, and in 1812 he married Hannah, 
daughter of John Randel. He learned the 
trade of a printer before attending college, 
but was subsequently ordained a minister of 
tlie Presbyterian church and occupied the 
pulpit at Plattsburg. New York, from 1811 
to 1814^ serving as chaplain of the Ameri- 

can troops in the war of 181 2. From 181 5 
to 18 18 he was head master of Morris Acad- 
emy, near Litchfield, Connecticut, which 
was established in 1790 by General James 
Morris. William R. Weeks was a noted 
linguist and mathematician, the author of 
an arithmetic and lessons in Latin and 
Greek, and of many controversial religious 
works. He died in Newark, New Jersey, in 

John Randel was a jeweler by occupa- 
tion, living in New York city, and was a 
member of a committee organized to fit out 
privateers. He was taken prisoner l>y the 
British, placed on board a privateer and 
taken to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where he 
was confined on a prison ship. 

John Randel Weeks, son of Rev. William 
R. Weeks, and father of our subject, was 
born in 1817 at Morris, Connecticut, and 
married Mary Frances, daughter of Charles 
Piatt Adriance. He learned the printer's 
trade, which he followed from 1833 to 1838. 
and then took up the study of law, being ad- 
mitted to the New Jersey bar in 1845. He 
was a volunteer fireman in Newark from 
1840 to 1847; held the office of clerk of 
Essex county from 1849 to 1854; was for 
several years a member of the Newark 
board of education; was real-estate counsel 
and director of the Mutual Benefit Life 
Insurance Company; and for many years 
was a director of the American Fire 
Insurance Company, of Newark. He had 
an antipathy to litigation, believing most 
of it to be useless, and he frequently said 
that "three-quarters of the cases could be 
settled, and nine-tenths ought to l)e." His 
death occurred in 1879. 

Regarding the maternal ancestors of 
William Raymond Weeks, we learn that the 
founder of the Adriance family in America 



was Adriaen Reyerse, a son of Reyer El- 
bertse. of Utrecht, Holland, who came from 
Amsterdam in 1646, and in if'-^g he married 
Annetje, a daughter of Roelof Martense 
Schenck. Adriaen Reyerse was a magis- 
trate in Flatbush, Long Island, in 1677-9. 
and died there in 17 10. 

Elbert Adriaense. son of Adriaen Rey- 
erse. became the father of Rem Adrianse. 
who married Sarah BrinckerhofY, daughter 
of Annetje Tunise Bogaert, daughter of 
Sarah Jorise Rapalje. who had the distinc- 
tion of laeing the first white child born in 
the New Xetherlands. that event taking 
place at Albany, on the 9th of June, i'i25. 

Theodorus Adriance. son of Isaac Adri- 
ance and grandson of Rem Adrianse. was 
bom at Hopewell, Xew York, in 1751, was 
married in 1772 to Killetie. or Helicke, a 
daughter of Rudolphus Swartwout, and 
died in 1817. He enlisted as a private, be- 
came a corporal and afterward a sergeant, 
in New York state troops, in the Revolu- 
tionary war. — Archives of New York, the 
Revolution, Vol. I., page 312. 

Charles Piatt Adriance, son of Theodo- 
rus Adriance, was born at Hopewell. New 
York, in 1790, and in 181 3 he married 
Sarah, the daughter of Aaron Camp. He 
was a jeweler in Richmond, \'irginia, for 
many years, but retired from active life in 
1 83 1 and removed to Poughkeepsie, New- 
York, where he bought, for his residence, 
the property afterward known as College 
Hill, the highest ground in Poughkeepsie, 
and there he lived about forty _\ears, his 
death occurring in 1874. 

.'\aron Camp. of Newark. New Jersey, was 
a private in the New Jersey militia, in the 
Revolutionary war. His father. Nathaniel 
Camp, was captain of an artillen' company, 
organized at Newark, and attached to the 

Second Regiment. New Jersey Alilitia, in 
the Re\oIntionary war. — Register of Ot^- 
cers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolu- 
tionary \\'ar, pp. 384-529. 

General \\'ashington, as a token of his 
high esteem for. and confidence in Captain 
Camp, presented to him. personally, a can- 
non, since known as "Old Nat," which re- 
mained for a long time in the Camp family, 
but is now at Washington's lieadciuarters, 
in Alorristown, New Jersey. 


The law has ever called into tlie circle 
of her followers the brightest minds, the 
most gifted sons of the nation. The keen 
intellect is sharpened by its contact with 
others as brilliant, and gains thereby an 
added strength and power. The most care- 
ful analysis, closest reasoning and most 
logical thou,ght-processes are brought into 
])lay. and the lawyer of ability, by reason of 
his strong intellectuality, rises above the 
ranks of the many to beccjme a leader in 
thought and action, his influence extending 
n()t onlv to the pr(jfessional. but into the 
political and social circles as well. Promi- 
nent among those who in that most import- 
ant branch of jurisprudence, corporation 
law. have won distinctive preferment in 
legal circles in New York city, is Paul Wil- 
cox, whose reputation as a lawyer places 
him among the ablest representatives of the 
profession in the country. 

He comes of a familx- that, living in 
Tennessee, was widely known in the South 
and that has furnished many representatives 
in the important walks of life. This family 
undoubtedly had a common origin with 
those of the same name in New England. 
Burke's "Landed Gentrv" states that "the 

ESSEX rnrxTY. 


English branch, settled at county Essex and 
county Middlesex, liore arms: Argent a 
Hon rampant between three crescents sable; 
a chief vair. Crest: Out of a mural coro- 
net, or a demi-lion rampant, sable collared 
vair." The ancestor of the Tennessee 
branch of the family came from England in 
the early part of the last century. John, 
the great-grandfather of Paul Wilcox, mar- 
ried the daughter of "Squire Boone," broth- 
er of the famous Daniel Boone, the pioneer 
of Kentucky. Dr. George Boone Wilcox, 
son of John, was a noted physician, who 
practiced for forty years in Boone county, 
Missouri. Dr. John Wilcox, his son, and 
the father of Paul, was one of the most 
prominent physicians and surgeons of Mis- 
souri, and aftenvard took a foremost place 
in the ranks of his profession in Indiana. 
Owing to his southern sympathies in the 
early part of the war, he was driven from 
his native state and settled in Indiana, 
where he made many warm friends and ac- 
, quired a large practice. He was consid- 
ered the best surgical expert in the middle 
western states. Among his most intimate 
friends and associates were President Har- 
rison. \'ice-President Hendricks, United 
States Senator Joseph E. McDonald and 
other distinguished western men. He mar- 
ried Margaret H. Griffin, of Culpeper 
Courthouse, Virginia, a descendant of an 
old and well known family of that state. 
Her paternal grandfather was Zachariah 
Griffin, who served with the Continental 
army throughout the war of the Revolu- 

Paul Wilcox, son of Dr. John and Marga- 
ret H. (Griffin) Wilcox, was born in lioone 
county, Missouri, on the 3d of October, 
1858. and after acquiring a masters- of the 
common branches of learning entered De 

Pauw University, of Indiana, where he was 
graduated with the valedictorian honors of 
his class. He afterward went abroad and 
continued his studies in Berlin and Leipsic, 
Germany, and was graduated at Columbia 
CoUege'Law School, of New York, in 1884. 
He read law in the office of Mitchell & 
Mitchell, a prominent firm of that city, and 
in 1885 was admitted to the bar. The fol- 
lowing year he began practice on his own 
account and continued alone in business 
until 1890, when he entered into a profes- 
sional partnership, as a member of the firm 
of Wilcox & Barkley. Although one of 
the younger members of the bar of New 
York, his success as a corporation lawyer 
has been marked. In many of his most im- 
portant cases he has been arrayed against 
some of the oldest and ablest lawyers in 
the citv. He spares neither time nor labor 
in his legal investigations. He discusses 
legal questions with a clearness of illustra- 
tion, a strength of argument, a fullness and 
variety of learning rarely equaled by one of 
his age and experience. He is the legal 
representative of many of the largest cor- 
porations in the city, among which may be 
mentioned the American Press Association, 
the largest newspaper corporation in the 
world, comjirising ten thousand news- 
papers and having its various sub-compa- 
nies in fifteen different states. He was a 
director in this company until the pressure 
of an increasing practice made it necessary 
for him to give it up. He secured the adop- 
tion of favorable laws for American corpor- 
ations in Canada and argued successfully 
important cases in England, connected 
with the Thome Type-Setting Machine 

In 1888 Mr. Wilcox took up his resi- 
dence in Montclair, and he has been ever 



active in advancinQ- its interests. Probably 
tlie most important service that he has ren- 
dered to liis fellow townsmen was' the con- 
spicuous part he took, and the material aid 
which he gave, in the organization of the 
Montclair Bank. The first meeting of its 
projectors was held in his New York ofifice, 
in Temple Court, where the preliminary 
steps were taken to insure its success. To 
his active efTorts in its establishment, as well 
as those of his associates, the citizens of 
Montclair are indebted for one of the best 
and most successfully managed banking in- 
stitutions to be found in any suburban vil- 
lage or township in this part of the country. 
Mr. Wilcox was a subscriber to the original 
stock and has been a director since its or- 

In 1884 Mr. Wilcox was united in mar- 
riage to Miss ]\Iary Maul, daughter of Will- 
iam Garrison Maul, of Omaha, Nebraska, 
whose ancestors were among the early set- 
tlers of New Jersey. Uriah Maul, her 
great-grandfather, served throughout the 
war of the Revolution, in Captain Bloom- 
field's company. Third Battalion, First Es- 
tablishment; Captain !\Iott's company. 
Third Battalion. Second Establishment, 
'Jhird Regiment; also First Regiment. To 
i\Ir. and Mrs. Wilcox have been born two 
sons and a daughter, — Harold, in 1885, and 
Gladys, in 1890, and Paul, in 1897. 

In 1888 Mr. Wilcox purchased the Bayles 
iiomestead, on Upper [Mountain avenue, 
which is one of the most beautiful sites in 
the township, affording as it does one of 
the most extended views to l)e had from 
any point on the mountain. The main 
house, as it stood originally, is of brown 
stone of the early English style of archi- 
tecture. To this Mr. Wilcox has added a 
large extension, which is in rough cast 

or cement, to correspond somewhat with 
the original design. The interior of the din- 
ing room, twenty by thirty feet, is made to 
correspond with the exterior, Init is far 
more elaborate, being of the early English 
style, finished in antique oak, with which 
it is wainscoted in square panels, with heavy 
beam ceiling. Tiie hospitable doors of this 
palatial home are ever open for the recep- 
tion of the many friends of the family. They 
are leaders in society circles and ]\Irs. Wil- 
cox is a lady of superior intellectual and 
musical gifts. She is a leading member of 
the Sorosis, before which she has often 
sung, and in its delilierations she is an 
active participant. Mr. Wilcox was one of 
the organizers and most active promoters 
of the Outlook Club, has served as a mem- 
ber of one of its committees from the begin- 
ning; in 1893 was elected its president and 
again holds the same position. He is presi- 
dent of the Montclair Club, which was or- 
ganized and incorporated in 1887, and has 
l)een equally active in advancing its inter- 
ests. He also belongs to the Montclair 
Golf Club, of which he is president, and the 
Montclair Athletic Club. One of the well 
known lawyers of New York, in private life 
he is a most pleasant, social and approach- 
al)le gentleman, who has won popularity 
and the high regard and warm friendship 
of all with whom he has been brought in 


It is not necessary that the man who 
achieves wealth be made of sterner stuff 
than his fellow men, but there are certain 
indispensable characteristics that contrib- 
ute to the prosperity of the individual, and 
these are energy, enterprise, determination 

c// -^^^//.j Si c-^i^ y 




and tlie ability to recognize and improve 
opportunities. These qualities are cardinal 
elements in the character of Mr. Bumet 
and have accompanied him in his progress 
from a humble station in life to one of 
Ijrominence and affluence. 

Mr. Burnet was born in Union county. 
Xew Jersey, on the i8th of December. 1809, 
a son of John Oliver and Hannah (Miller) 
P)urnet. who were natives of this state and 
were of English descent. The first settle- 
ment of the Burnet family in .\merica was 
made on Long Island in colonial days. The 
mother of our subject died in January. 1812, 
and the father passed away some years 
later. During his early youth Timothy Bur- 
net went to live with Amos Day, a butcher, 
in whose home he was treated as a son of 
the family and with whom he remained until 
Mr. Day's death. He drove a meat wagon 
to Xewark when that now Hourishing city 
was a mere hamlet, and carried the mail 
from Camptown to Xewark on his wagon. 
In 1837 he embarked in the meat-market 
business on his own account and followed 
that pursuit for twenty years with excellent 
success. He began operations on a small 
scale, for his capital was limited, and with 
the aid of a small boy did his own butcher- 
ing. As the years passed his financial re- 
sources largely increased, and in 1857 he 
turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, 
establishing a home at his present place of 
residence. He at first had only six acres 
of land, but from time to time he extended 
the boundaries of his farm until it now 
comprises one liundred acres of good land 
under a high state of cultivation. His land 
fronts on Springfield for a mile and is a very 
valuable property, yielding to him rich re- 

In 1837 Mr. Burnet was united in niar- 


riage to Miss Sarah Petty of Morris county. 
Two children were born to them, but one 
died in infancy. The daughter, Ann Au- 
gusta, since her mother's death, which oc- 
curred in June, 1876, has superintended the 
household affairs for her father. 

Mr. Burnet attends the Presbyterian 
church and is a liberal contributor to its 
support. He cast his first presidential vote 
for General Andrew Jackson and has since 
been an advocate and supporter of the prin- 
ciples of Democracy. His life has been well 
spent in conformity with the rules of moral 
conduct, and his business and social associ- 
ates entertain for him the highest regard. 
He has now reached the advanced age of 
eighty-eight years and his is an honored old 
age, for his many excellent qualities have 
gained for him the unqualified regard and 
esteem of those with whom he has been 
brought in contact. 


Grand achievements always excite ad- 
miration. The men of deeds are the men 
the world delights to honor. He who con- 
ceives new things and fashions them into 
shape is a creator. He who, out of the 
material which is within his reach, and with 
the resources at his command, l)rings into 
being that which adds to the comfort and 
hapiiiness of man, and which before had 
no existence, is following in the footsteps 
of the great Architect of all things. All 
the countless and useful inventions, all the 
wonderful structures which have ever ex- 
isted or w hich now exist on the face of the 
earth, lived first in the minds of men. How 
to bring them out and give them form and 
substance were the problems which were 
to be solved. Men studied the fields and 


tlie forests, and Ijrought their products into 
their workshops. They brought to their 
aid the air. the earth, the sea, fire and 
water, wind and wave and subtle vapor, the 
timber from the forests, tlie rocks from the 
hills, the ores from their hidden caverns, 
and even the lightning from the skies, and 
from them, or by their aid, they fashioned 
or wrought into shapes and forms of beau- 
ty or utility the wonderful creations which 
their imaginations had conceived. He who 
serves is royal. Among those who have 
stood as distinguished types of the world's 
workers and who have introduced new eras 
of thought by inventions of great utility, 
no one is more worthy of honorable men- 
tion than the subject of this memoir, the 
late Hayward A. Harvey, of Orange, New 
Jersey. There is an element of peculiar in- 
terest in his career, since it was his to in- 
herit the talents and the genius, as it were, 
of a distinguished father and to carry for- 
ward a great work initiated by the latter. 
It is singular])' true that if any scion of a 
house still honored rises to greatness, he 
will have achieved it. He will not be l)orn 
to it or find it thrust upon liim, liut he 
must be great indeed to overcome the dis- 
advantage of standing in the shadow of the 
colossal dead. As the inventor of the Har- 
vey process for hardening steel plate, the 
reputation of Mr. Harvey has extended 
throughout the civilized world. To the 
people of Orange, where he lived and lab- 
ored to goodly ends during a period of 
more than a quarter of a century, he was 
known as a quiet, modest, unassuming citi- 
zen and as a man animated by the deepest 
sincerity and one fortified by impregnable 
integrity. Thus to the man and his works 
all honor is due. 

Hayward Augustus Harvey was born in 

Jamestown, Xew York, on the 17th of Jan- 
uary, 1824, the son of General Thomas W. 
and Matilda (Hayward) Harvey, both of 
whom were natives of the old Green Moun- 
tain state. The original American pro- 
genitor in the agnatic line was William 
Harvey, who was one of the prominent 
meml)ers of the Massachusetts colony, the 
direct ancestral line tracing from him 
through Thomas, William, Jonathan, 
Rufus, and Thomas W., the last named be- 
ing the father of the immediate subject of 
this review. Thomas William Harvey was 
a brigadier-general in the old New York 
militia, having come originally from Wards- 
boro, Vermont, and having become one of 
the earliest settlers in Jamestown, New 
York. He was a thoroughly skilled me- 
chanician and was exceedingly prolific as 
an inventor, and as his son has said of him, 
"his work was a continual luifolding of fu- 
ture possibilities." As touching his more 
important work we cannot, perhaps, do 
better than to make excerpt from an arti- 
cle published in the Engineering and Min- 
ing Journal, under date of September 2, 

"His inventions included many mechan- 
isms which are to-day in operation all over 
the world. He was a pioneer in automatic 
pin machinery and screw machinery, into 
which he introduced the toggle joint and 
cam movement, which gave to so many 
machines their almost human capacity of 
operation. He was the inventor of the 
gimlet-pointed screw. He made many in- 
ventions in connection with the manufac- 
ture of pins, screws, spikes, haircloth and 
ly])e molding. He was, perhaps, the first 
to depart in steel manufacture from the old 
blister or cement process, and to introduce 
the crucible steel. Further than this, and 


perliaps even more striking, is the fact that 
in 1S42 he ran all the machinery in his ma- 
chine shop in New York city by a mag- 
neto-electric engine. In this, however, he 
was in advance of his times, as nothing was 
then known of the modern dynamo, and 
it required an enormous number of batter- 
ies to run his engine. His inventions 
acted as great educational forces in the 
mechanical world, and attracted much at- 
tention from mechanics and mechanical 
engineers of that day. He was invited to 
lecture on the subject of the cam before 
the American Institute, of which he was 
one of the founders, and at one time the 
president. He was well known as an in- 
vestor in and promoter of mining and other 
enterprises. General Harvey moved from 
Jamestown to Ramapo in 1833 and to 
Poughkeepsie in 1836. The names of the 
Harvcys, father and son, are very closely 
connected with the manufacture of wood 
screws in this country. General Harvey 
had carried on the manufacture of wood 
screws in a small way at Ramapo and 
Montgomery, New York. This was con- 
tinued at Poughkeepsie, the first patents 
being granted to General Harvey in 1836, 
in which year the Poughkeepsie Screw 
Company was organized. Before General 
Harvey's inventions the operation of 
screw-making was very crude, the blanks 
being put in and taken out one by one, and 
the cutting tool operated by hand. By 
General Harvey's first improvement the 
operation was made partially automatic. 
The blanks were still supplied one by one, 
but the operation of the cutting tools was 
regulated and adjusted by the machine it- 
self. ■ Although the gimlet-pointed screw- 
is generally supposed to be a comparative- 
ly modern invention, yet the first screws 

offered by General Harvey in the market 
in New York were gimlet-pointed and 
were so named by him. General Harvey 
also first introduced machines for shaving 
screw-heads, and the chaser tool in place 
of the cutting dies previously employed. 
In 1839 .the Poughkeepsie company sold 
out to a company organized at Somerville, 
New Jersey, and screws were first made in 
Providence about 1840. In 1842 General 
Harvey began the experiments which 
made the screw machines entirely auto- 
matic, introducing self-feeding of blanks, 
etc. Patents on this machinery were taken 
out in 1846. In 1844 the New York Screw 
Company was organized, with General 
Harvey as president. In 1849 the Somer- 
ville company was reorganized, buying the 
machinery of Thomas \V. Harvey and of a 
small concern at Schenectady, and taking 
the name of the Union Screw Company." 

General Harvey was devoted to his pro- 
fession and continued to be identified with 
l)ractical in\'entive work and concomitant 
industrial enterprises until death brought 
his honorable and useful career to a close. 
He was a strong man. a great man and a 
good man, and the heritage which he left 
to his son, who was destined to equal 
honors and perhaps greater accomplish- 
ments, was one that did not fall short of 
appreciation. General Harvey died at 
Canaan, Connecticut, on the 5th of June, 
1854, an honored citizen and a conspicu- 
ous figure in the industrial world. 

As a boy of twelve years, Hayward A. 
Harveyaccompanied his parentson their re- 
moval from Poughkeepsie, New York, and 
here he secured effective educational dis- 
cipline in a local academy and later contin- 
ued his studies in the academy at New 
Paltz, New York. He early manifested a 


distinct predilection for theoretical and ap- 
plied mechanics, and after leaving school 
he was permitted to follow his natural tastes 
and to stand on high vantage ground, by 
reason of the opportunities which his dis- 
tinguished father could ofifer to him. En- 
tering his father's shops at Poughkeepsie, 
he devoted his attention to learning draft- 
ing and thoroughly familiarizing himself 
with the various technicalities of mechani- 
cal engineering. His individual powers soon 
gained him recognition and would have 
insured his consecutive advancement, even 
had he not been reinforced by the deep in- 
terest and fostering encouragement of his 
father. As touching his early career it is 
necessary at this juncture to revert onlv 
to the more salient points. He was for a 
time employed as a draftsman in the shops 
of the New York Screw Company, of which 
his father was president, and in 1850 he 
was placed in charge of the wire department 
of the Union Screw Company, at Somer- 
ville. In 1852 he became associated with 
his father in the Harvey Steel & Iron Com- 
pany, of Mott Haven, New York, and in 
1854, which year marked the death of his 
father and the dissolution of the companv 
mentioned, our subject went to Canaan, 
Connecticut, where he for a time conducted 
steel works, operations here being largelv 
of an experimental nature. During the 
ne.xt decade his attention was mainly di- 
rected to developing many of his father's 
unfinished inventions and projects, and the 
work could not have been entrusted to 
more capable and more discriminating 
hands. Within the period mentioned he 
maintained at intervals intimate relations 
with the American Screw Company, of 
Providence, contributing largely to the ex- 
tending of productive facilities in the line, 

In- means of improved machinery and man- 
ipulating devices which improved also the 
practical value of the output. He had been 
associated with his father in the founding 
of the Wamgum Steel Company, of Con- 
necticut, where his experiments were con- 
tinued, as noted. In 1865 he founded, in 
Jersey City, the Continental Screw Com- 
pany, which acquired the right and title to 
Mr. Harvey's first patents on screw ma- 
chinery, covering the entire process of 
wood-screw manufacturing. This company 
was in a short time assimilated by the 
American Screw Company, of which Mr. 
Harvey continued a stockholder. From 
1870 to 1890 Mr. Harvey gave unremitting 
attention to the designing of new machin- 
ery for the making of screws, bolts, wire 
nails, washers, spiral springs and other arti- 
cles of kindred nature. The most notable 
of his inventions within this score of years 
is • what is known as the rolled-thread 
screw. Instead of cutting the screw thread 
into the wire. Mr. Harvey devised the meth- 
od of cold-forging the thread partly into 
it, partly upon the surface of the wire itself, 
also giving to the screws a sharp central 
point, which improvement, as taken in con- 
nection with the large thread and small 
neck, with incidental saving in the weight 
of material employed, made the article pro- 
duced one of such absolute superiority over 
all others that the leading screw manufac- 
turers of the world were practically com- 
pelled to ward ofi a disastrous competition 
!)}• the one method of recourse — the pur- 
chase of the Harvey patents. Thus the 
American Screw Company, of Providence, 
Rhode Island, and the Nettlefolds, of Eng- 
land, acquired these valuable and revolu- 
tionizing patents in the year 1886. 

The wonderful inventive fecundity of Mr. 

/^-s'.sAW COUyTY 


Harvey was shown in many valuable devices 
which have come into use the world over. 
Among the more imjjortant of these may 
he mentioned the so-called grip bolt, which 
is used in securing the tish plates on many 
of the principal railroad lines of the country 
and which effectually does away with nut 
locks. To meet a certain prejudice among 
many engineers and master mechanics of 
railroads in favor of a w asher or nut-lock of 
some kind. Mr. Harvey showed the fertility 
of his inventive genius by the invention of a 
device whidi met the demand and still did 
not compel him to sacrifice the original 
principle involved in his grip bolt. He in- 
vented the ribbed spiral washer, and this 
is now very extensively used, fully over- 
coming the objection made to the original 
device, though by no means a needed re- 

Mr. Harvey's career was one of consecu- 
ii\c i)rogress and development and his pres- 
tige as an inventor was ever cumulative in 
character. To one of so deep intellectuality, 
maintained in ecpiipoise with practical skill 
on the higher planes of mechanical applica- 
tion, expansion and growth must come in 
logical sequence. In later years he added 
most fully to his honors through his pe- 
culiarly original researches and experiments 
in connection with the tempering or hard- 
ening of steel — a process which still l)ears 
his name and which alone will per])etuate 
his fame through all the years to come. He 
inaugurated his experiments in this line 
in the early "8o's and the history of the in- 
ception and progress of this series of in- 
vestigations antl experiments is interesting 
in the extreme. At the time when the Mar- 
A ey Screw & Bolt Com])any was conducting 
operations he conceived the idea of ]ircKluc- 
ing a bolt and nut of cast iron, w ith threads 

partially impressed upon them in the mold, 
and then hardening or carbonizing the en- 
tire surfaces to give them the requisite 
toughness. The original experiment was ;i 
l)ractical failure, and yet was full of sug- 
gestion and value as taken as the forerun- 
ner of other experiments which reached 
their denouement in most gratifying and 
magnificent success. This experiment, 
made in 1885. gave such peculiar results 
that it was noted in scientific and mechan- 
ical circles as indicative of a new- discovery 
in the metallurgy of steel. Mr. Harvey was 
encouraged to continue his experimenta- 
tion, and he soon succeeded in producing 
from ordinary low-grade Bessemer steel a 
steel etjual in every respect to the finest 
crucible or cast steel, the product being 
available for the manufacture of the finest 
steel tools, razors, knife blades, etc. Let- 
ters patent on the product and process were 
granted to Mr. Harvey in 1888, and works 
were established for the carrying on of the 
])rofitable industry made possible l)y his 
great discovery. The plant was originally 
located in Jersey City, but was eventually 
removed to Newark, where operations were 
conducted on a gigantic and ever w idening 
scale. Mr. Harvey carried his invention to 
its broadest capacity for practical applica- 
tion, since his experiments were continued 
along the line of producing armor plate, 
eventuating in a complete revolution of 
this branch of the great steel industry of the 
world. The first armor plate was treated 
at the Newark works in 1890. and came 
forth victorious against the severest tests. 
The naval authorities of the national gov- 
ernment immediately took recognition of 
the new Harvey process and product, sub- 
jected the plate to tests which had no pre- 
cedent in severity, and conclusively i)roved 



ihe superiority of the Harvey plate over any 
other form, as touching the points of tough- 
ness and effectual resistance to impact. 
What more need be said than that 
the Harvey armor plate has been 
adopted unreservedly by the United 
States government and also, after fur- 
ther and most exacting tests, by all 
the governments of Europe? All of Mr. 
Harvey's inventions are covered by United 
States patents, and their number aggre- 
gates nearly one hundred and fifty — repre- 
senting a life work at once of great value 
and worthy of all praise. In 1889 Mr. Har- 
vey organized the Harvey Steel Company, 
of which he became president, being one of 
the largest stockholders in the magnificent 
enterprise controlled. He lived to enjoy 
the fruits of his earnest and indefatigable 
efforts, but ever bore himself with the un- 
pretentious modesty which typifies a great 
mind and a noble heart. Mewed from 
whatever standpoint, the life of Hayward A. 
Harvey appears as successful as it was earn- 
est, honest and pure. His devotion to his 
applied science was supreme: to him no 
labor was too severe, no sacrifice too great, 
if thereby he could approach more nearly 
the ends sought. The researches he had 
already made, and much more that he had 
projected, involved the largest expenditure 
of his time and means, but such was his 
enthusiasm that he was never happier than 
when hard at work on some one of his valu- 
able experiments. His abilities were many- 
sided, and as has been well said of him: "He 
was emphatically a progressive man. 
When his mind was engaged in inventions 
it was dif^cult for him to stop: he always 
saw so much beyond. In making his in- 
ventions he usually declined to be guided 
by the experience of others. The fact that 

some one had done a certain thing in a cer- 
tain way almost always made him reject 
that way and look for a path of his own. 
He was a singularly persuasive man, as he 
must needs be to get the attention and the 
confidence and support of prominent cap- 
italists, in which he was very successful. 
Although always a positive man, yet it is 
doubtful whether he left any enemies l)e- 
hind him, for his sympathetic and really 
lovable nature made him warm friends 
among all classes of men." He was affec- 
tionate, noble, just and generous; a thor- 
ough gentleman, with a quick and burning 
contempt for all shams and meanness; a 
friend most kind and sympathetic, helpful 
and brotherly; clear-headed, prudent and 
active in l)usiness; a man of the most re- 
fined and highest intellectual tastes and 
qualities: a lover of art and music and 
himself an accomplished musician, — in 
short, a man fortunate in the great re- 
sources which lay at his disposal, and in the 
wisdom to manage and use them well: in 
the lines he chose for his experimentation 
and investigation and in the complete suc- 
cess which he ultimately attained. 

Mr. Harvey maintained a lively interest 
in all that touched the welfare and advance- 
ment of the city of his home, where he was 
so honored by all classes. He served from 
1873 to 1879 as a member of the common 
council, was a member of the board of 
commissioners which devised the present 
water system and also of the advisory board 
of citizens which was the predecessor of the 
sewerage advisory committee. He was 
vice-president of the American Washer & 
r^Ianufacturing Company, of Newark, being 
essentially a man of affairs. In politics he 
gave his allegiance to the Republican party, 
while in religious adherency he was orig- 

ni^f^nx ('ou\Ty. 

itially a member of the Brick Presln'terian 
church of East Orange, from which he 
eventually transferred his nvemhership to 
Trinity Congregational church, in which he 
held the office of precentor for many years. 
He was one of the founders of the Xew 
England Society of Orange, was identified 
with the ancient-craft body of Freemason- 
ry and had attained all the degrees in the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In 
both social and business life he held the 
unreser\'ed confidence and esteem of all 
who came within the circle of his. influence. 

In the year 1850 was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. Harvey to Miss Matilda Win- 
ant, of New York, who died in 1856. leav- 
ing one son. Dr. Thomas W. Harvey, a 
prominent physician and surgeon of 
Orange. In i8C)5 he consummated his sec- 
ond marriage, being tlien united to Miss 
Emily A. Halsey, of Bridgehampton, Long 
Island, and they became the parents of one 
son, Hayward A. Harvey, Jr., who has 
been in charge of the works of the Harvey 
Steel Company, in Newark. >[rs. Harvev 
still resides in the beautiful Iiomestead in 

On the 28th of .\ugust. 189.^, after a 
weary and painful illness of several months, 
death released the golden cord which held 
the mortal life of this distinguished and 
honored citizen of New Jersey, and full of 
years and goodly deeds he passed into eter- 
nal rest, while a comtnunity mourned the 
loss of a good man and true. His works 
live after him to perpetuate his name and 
to hold it up for the respect and high esti- 
mation of succeeding generations — a name 
typical of exalted ideals and of worthy ac- 

Pr. Thomas W. Harvey was born on the 
loth of September. 1853. and after grailuat- 

ing at Princeton College, in 1875, '^^ deter- 
mined »o devote his career to the medical 
profession, and with this end in view he be- 
gan to study that science under the able 
preceptorage of Dr. William Pierson, of 
Orange. subsequently attending the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, where he ob- 
tained the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 
1878. He forthwith entered upon the ac- 
tive practice of his profession, continuing 
the same in an individual way until 1890, 
when he entered into a professional part- 
nership with Dr. Pierson. his former pre- 
ceptor, which alliance has since obtained, 
the firm having a practice of most gratify- 
ing order and having attained that suc- 
cess which is the natural sequelae of well 
directed elTort, ability and earnest purpose. 
The Doctor is a member of the .\merican 
Medical Association, the New York Acad- 
emy of Medicine, the Essex District Med- 
ical Society, the Orange Mountain Medical 
Society, has served for four years as sec- 
retary of the Orange board of health, is 
attending surgeon of the Orange Medical 
Hospital, is physician and lecturer on ob- 
stetrics to the Orange Training School for 
Nurses, and physician to the Orange Or- 
phans" Home, and is known as a talented 
physician, — one who is precise and reliable 
in his methods and who stands high in the 
estimation of the medical world and of 
those with whom he comes in contact in the 
various relations of life. He is vice-presi- 
dent of the Harvey Steel Company, and in 
a more purely social way is identified with 
the Orange Camera Club and the Prince- 
ton Club, of New York. 

The marriage of Dr. Harvey was cele- 
brated on the 3d of October. 1882, when 
he was united to Miss Catherine Green, 
dausfhter of Edward Green. Dr. and Mrs. 



Harvey are the parents of three children, — 
Thomas \V.. Jr., Spencer Green and AHce. 


For half a centiir}- itlentitied with the 
public life of his native state, distinguished 
as a jurist and as one of the most promi- 
nent representatives of life-insurance inter- 
ests in the nation, Amzi Dodd is one of 
the most unassuming of men and wears 
without ostentation the honors which have 
been conferred upon him. 

Born in Bloomfield, New Jersey, on the 
2d of March, 1823, he is a lineal descend- 
ant of Daniel Dodd, an English Puritan 
who emigrated to America about 1646 and 
took up his residence in Sagus. now Lynn, 
Massachusetts. In 1665 he died in Bran- 
ford, Connecticut. He left six children, 
all minors at the time of his death. Four 
of these came to New Jersey in 1666 with 
the Rev. Abraham Pierson, the founder of 
Newark, and since that time the family 
have been prominent in the history of the 
city, and have furnished to its public life 
several men of distinction. 

Daniel Dodd. Jr., the eldest son of the 
founder of the family on American soil, 
was a good mathematician and a surveyor 
by profession, and in fitting recognition of 
his intelligence and honesty was elected, in 
1692, a member of the colonial house of 
assembly. Joseph Smith Dodd, a lineal 
descendant of Daniel Dodd, was a gradu- 
ate of the College of New Jersey and a 
prominent jiliysician of Bloomfield, this 
state, his nati\e town. In 1817 he married 
Miss Maria Crover, daughter of Rev. Ste- 
phen Grover, wiio for a half century was 
pastor of the Presbyterian church in Cald- 
well, New Jersey. 

Amzi, the second son of Josejih and 

Maria Dodd. received his early scholastic 
training in the Bloomfield Academy and 
after thorough preparation entered the 
sophomore class of the College of New 
Jersey, in the spring of 1839, and at that 
institution was graduated in September, 
1 84 1, with the highest honors of his class. 
Through the succeeding four years he was 
engaged in teaching school in Virginia, 
and in 1845 returned to his native state, 
where he took up the study of law in the 
city of Newark. In 1S48 he was admitted 
to the bar and soon afterward became asso- 
ciated with Hon. Frederick T. Frelinghuy- 
sen, then a distinguished jurist enjoying an 
extensi\e practice, and later secretary of 
state in the cabinet of President Arthur. 
This association continued until 1850, 
when Mr. Dodd was elected clerk of the 
common council of Newark, at which time 
he opened an office and began practicing 
alone. His clientage so rapidly increased 
that in 1853 he was constrained to resign 
his clerkship that he might give his entire 
attention to his profession. 

His reputation as an earnest, faithful and 
able attorney and counselor steadily grew, 
leading to his employment in the legal 
affairs of important corporations. Pos- 
sessed of remarkable judicial powers, rein- 
forced by strong forensic ability, Mr. Dodd 
became one of the ablest lawyers of the 
state. He had the full confidence of the 
bench and bar of New Jersey, was careful 
and painstaking in the preparation of his 
cases, conservative and cautious in their 
management and pre-eminently a wise and 
safe counselor. In 1871 the business of 
the court of chancery of the state of New 
Jersey had become so pressing that Chan- 
cellor Zabriskie, then at the head of the 
court, was obliged to ask for the appoint- 

lim^ Sf-^L^ 

i:ssi:\ < <)i \TY. 


nient of a vice-chancellor, and Mr. Dodd 
was selected for that position, this choice 
giving^ entire satisfaction throughout the 
state. He remained engaged in the ardu- 
ous labors of the position until 1875, when 
he resigned. Six years later he was again 
called to the same office, but before the 
close of a year's service he was tendered 
the presidency of the Mutual Benefit Life 
Insurance Company, of Newark, one of the 
wealthiest, oldest and most reliable institu- 
tions of the kind in the land. Since 1863 
he had served as its mathematician and was 
thoroughly acquainted with the vast and 
complicated business of the institution, and 
jierhaps for tliis reason he was more will- 
ing to accept the position which was unan- 
imously and urgently pressed upon him. 
Yielding to this urgent solicitation, and 
retiring a second time from the office of 
vice-chancellor, he became president of the 
Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company, a 
position he has since filled with universal 
satisfaction. By his rare business and ex- 
ecutive ability he lias rendered most valu- 
able service in directing the large affairs of 
this institution. 

From the beginning of his professional 
career Mr. I/)tKl<l wt)n the confidence and 
esteem of all with whom he came in con- 
tact. In his early days political honors 
were constantly within his grasp: still he 
never sought prominence in that direction. 
His devotion to professional duties, how- 
ever, did not lessen his interest in public 
afTairs, and accordingly, when the opposi- 
tion to slavery led to the fomation of the* 
Rcpublican party, he became one of its 
active and prominent leaders. His zeal in'^ 
the cause and his reputation as an orator 
prompted his nomination as the Republi- 
can candidate for congress in the district 

composed of Essex and Hudson counties, 
in 1856. Called to lead a forlorn hope, he 
suffered the inevitable defeat, with undi- 
minished ardor in the cause, his name and 
intluence contributing to the ultimate suc- 
cess of this great national party. 

In 1863 Mr. Dodd accepted the nomina- 
tion of his party for the state legislature 
and was elected by a handsome majority. 
He declined the nomination for a second 
legislative term. Though a stanch Repub- 
lican, it is a remarkable and ver}' compli- 
mentary fact that the public offices held by 
him after his service in the legislature were 
all by appointment in Democratic admin- 
istrations and entirely unsolicited on his 
jiart. Governor Randolph appointed him 
to the office of vice-chancellor in 1871, and 
the following year Governor Parker ap- 
pointed him one of the special judges of 
the court of errors and appeals, and the 
appointment was confirmed by the senate. 
To this same position he was again ap- 
])ointed by Governor McClellan in 1875, 
serving in that capacity until 1882, when he 
resigned. Governor Bedle appointed him 
a member of the Riparian Commission and 
this position he held until 1887. In 1876 
the supreme court appointed him as one of 
the managers of the New Jersey Soldiers' 
Home, a gratuitous office, in which he has 
since acceptably and faithfully served. 

His career has been long, active and use- 
ful, but quiet and unostentatious. No man 
is more favorably known or popular in the 
state, and this high regard has been gained 
by no artifice, but is the spontaneous trib- 
ute to real worth. His popularity and 
splendid reputation have been won by be- 
ginning life as an upright man with no 
false pretenses, and continuing in that path 
through all the years of his long career. 




is a representative of one of tlie pioneer 
families of Essex county, long identified 
with the progress and development of this 
region. His father, Samuel Pierson, was 
born on the old family homestead in jMa- 
plewood, in 1794, and acquired his educaj 
tion in the common schools of that day. 
He afterward taught school for a time and 
at the age of twenty-one entered the employ 
of Mr. Hayes, of Newark, in whose ser- 
vice he remained until going to New York. 
He was there engaged in the dry-goods 
business in the employ of Mr. Underbill. 
a Quaker, and later established a dry-goods 
store of his own in Chatham street. This 
was the first dry-goods store not on the 
main floor, but the new enterprise proved a 
success and he carried on a profitable busi- 
ness there until May, 1832, when he re- 
moved to Newark and purchased of Samuel 
Perry the property, on Clinton avenue, 
where our subject now lives. The follow- 
ing year he built a store, stocked it with 
general merchandise and carried on opera- 
tions along that line until 1S52. when he 
retired from active business. 

November 21, 1820, Samuel Pierson was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary Clark 
Townley, who was born on Morris avenue, 
two miles from Elizabeth, the old home- 
stead being still in possession of the family. 
Her father, Captain Jonathan Townley, was 
the son of Richard Townley, who was born 
in 1736, and who emigrated from England 
to America in colonial days. He command- 
ed a company during the war of the Revo- 
lution and valiantly aided in' winning free- 
dom from English tyranny. Mr. and Jvlrs. 
Pierson became the parents of six children, 
three sons and three daughters, of whom 

four died in infancy, while Mary Emma 
died in December, 1849, leaving our sub- 
ject the only survivor. The parents were 
members of the Third Presbyterian church 
of Newark. The father was converted 
under the preaching of Rev. Joseph Christ- 
mas, pastor of the old' Bowery Presbyterian 
church, of New York. He served as trus- 
tee of the old White school, on Clinton ave- 
nue, Newark, and took an active interest in 
ever\' movement calculated to promote the 
general good. His business career was a 
very successful one. owing to his well di- 
rected efforts, his enterprise, resolute pur- 
pose and sound judgment, and he accumu- 
lated a large property. His death occurred 
in Tulv, 1873, and his wife passed away in 

Joseph C. Pierson was born in New York 
city in 1831, and was reared in his parents 
home, at Newark, acquiring his education 
in the neighborhood. He continued his 
studies until eighteen years of age and then 
entered his father's store. In 1856 he 
erected a store building on Clinton avenue, 
Newark, and embarked in the dry-goods 
business on his own account, successfully 
conducting that enterprise until 1875. 
Three years later he went to New York 
city, where he engaged in the wholesale 
underwear and hosiery business, which he 
continued until June, 1890, when on ac- 
count of ill health he closed out his estab- 
lishment. He had a vers^ extensive trade, 
coming from a wide territory, and his house 
represented one of the leading wholesale in- 
terests of New York. In May. 1890, he 
erected five brick residences on Clinton ave- 
nue. Newark, and has since devoted his en- 
ergies to the management of his property 

In November, 1853, Mr. Pierson was 

j:ssi:\ riH .\t) 


married to Miss Sarah A., danphter of 
Abraham BKivelt. one of the old residents 
of Newark, who came from Newfoundland 
to Essex count)-. Three children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Pierson: John T., 
now a member of the firm of Lappan & 
I'ierson. of New York; J. C. ; and Mary 
Emma, wife of G. \\'. McCutcheon. In 
social circles the family hold a very prom- 
inent position and their household is justly 
noted for its culture and hospitality. Mr. 
Pierson is a member of the Clinton Re- 
formed church, in which he has held office 
for four years. He is identified with the 
Republican Club of Newark, and is a stanch 
advocate of the principles of the Republican 
party. He is a broad-minded man, of 
strong character, pleasing personality and 
kindly disposition, highly esteemed by all. 


A man who is the possessor of a home 
of almost idyllic character, whose social po- 
sition is assured not less by an honored an- 
cestry than by personal worth, and who 
stands sponsor for the deepest American- 
ism, may be considered to be favored of for- 
tune. All these elements may be appro- 
jiriately touched upon in according a brief 
review of the life of one of the represent- 
ative citizens of South Orange — he whose 
name initiates this paragraph. 

It is a recognized fact that in that beauti- 
ful section of Essex county designated as 
the Oranges are to be found some of the 
most attractive suburban homes in the 
world. A section favored by nature and 
with such attractions doubly enhanced 
tlirough the effective work of man, here 
the man of manifold business cares may find 
rest and solace and may quicken anew his 

appreciation of the higher values of life, 
— the idealities which ever touch nature, — 
and yet find his the privilege to be num- 
bered with the busy throngs of the national 
metropolis but a few moments after leaving 
the sequestered beauties of his home. The 
magnificent demesne of Mr. Woodhouse is 
situated on the Ridgewood road, in South 
Orange, the tract comprising twenty-three 
acres of land, which slopes gently from the 
beautiful Orange mountains toward the vil- 
lage of South Orange. The place is con- 
sidered to be one of the most attractive of 
the many magnificent homes of the locality. 
The residence grounds have a frontage of 
three hundred feet on Ridgewood road and 
extend back to the summit of the mountain. 
The residence proper is situated on the 
tableland of the first rise of the hill, being a 
large and commodious villa of modern 
architectural design and built with a view 
to convenience as well as picturesque elTcct. 
Mr. Woodhouse took up his abode in South 
Orange in 1886, and here he passes the 
major portion of his time, finding release 
from the burdens and perplexities which 
compass every man whose manipulations 
touch the great world of finance and trade. 
It is but natural that he should take great 
pride in the home where his dominating 
interests center, and in every particular the 
evidence of such appreciation is shown. 
The stables are of modern design, and 
architecturally in harmony with the resi- 
dence building. An idea of the commodi- 
ous character of the stables may be gained 
from the statement that the dimensions of 
the main floor are such as to permit the 
complete turning about of a family car- 
riage and team without difficulty. On the 
place are fine gardens and conservatories, 
whose products satisfy not only the a^sthe- 


tic Ijut gastronomical tastes of the house- 
hold. The great lawns are attractively 
laid out and receive careful attention, being 
arranged in accord with the most approved 
ideas of landscape gardening, — parterres of 
flowers, beautiful trees, decorative shrub- 
bery and winding driveways. Pur^ water 
is supplied from a mountain spring which is 
on the place, and recourse is also had to the 
city water system if found necessary. 

James F. Woodhouse is a native son of 
New York city, and his is the distinction 
of being descended, in both the paternal 
and maternal lines, from stanch old colonial 
stock, — both families having been repre- 
sented in the war of the Revolution, where 
they rendered the \'aliant and loyal service 
of true patriots. Captain Philip Wood- 
house, the father of our subject, was also a 
native of the national metropolis, and was 
for many years most prominently con- 
cerned in the maritime service, — being con- 
nected with the merchant-marine as well 
as the passenger and government service 
in this line. He first sailed his vessel in the 
interest of the firm of Woodhull & Minturn, 
and he also had an interest in vessels oper- 
ated by Grinnell, Minturn & Company, 
which was at that time the largest concern 
of the sort in the Union, their fleet of ves- 
sels being numerous and touching the prin- 
cipal seaports of the world, — this being be- 
fore the introduction of steam into marine 
operations. The firm held contracts for a 
term of years for the carrying of the United 
States mails to foreign ports. Captain 
W^oodhouse lived to attain the age of sev- 
enty-five years, his wife having passed 
away at the age of sixty-five. 

James F. Woodhouse, the immediate 
subject of this review, became identified at 
an earlv age wntli the line of business in 

which his father had achieved so notable a 
success, but he did not long continue his ac- 
tive association with this line of enterprise, 
and for many years past his time and atten- 
tion have been to a very great extent given 
to the management of the large estate left 
by his father, who was a man of strong men- 
tality, stern integrity and great capacity for 
affairs of breadth and importance. 

The subject of this sketch is a member 
of the Church of the Holy Communion, 
Protestant Episcopal, of South Orange, 
and is a member of its vestry, being prac- 
tical in his religious life, as in temporal af- 
fairs, and showing a helpful charity of 
judgment and action, which touches "all 
sorts and conditions of men." He is ever 
ready to lend his influence and support to 
any cause operating for the good of so- 


sixth child of Peter and Rhoda (Crane) 
Doremus. was born in the old homestead 
which stood near his present residence on 
Bloomfield avenue, October 29, 1825. He 
was ambitious to acquire a good education 
and was sent to the boarding school of 
Warren S. Holt. He decided to adopt his 
father's occupation, but realized the neces- 
sity of a more thorough knowledge of the 
details of the business than could be ac- 
quired in a country town, and in 1841 he 
went to New York city and engaged first 
with a retail and afterward with a wholesale 
and retail grocery firm, spending altogether 
about seven years with both firms. He re- 
turned to his native town in 1848 and as- 
sumed charge of his father's business. He 
continued it as a general country store for 
a number of years in the same location. 

i:ssi:\ cfn WY. 

In 1853 lie hiiilt a two-story frame Iniild- 
ing on tlie original site. As tlie population 
increased and railroad facilities hroiiglit the 
residents within easy access of the city, he 
found it necessar\' to chang^e his stock of 
,t,'^oods to suit the wants of the new coni- 
nninity, and he gradually "weeded out" his 
stock of general merchandise and limited 
iiis trade to groceries and crockery, of the 
finest class of goods, especially adapted to 
tiie wants of the wealthy classes, who for 
many years past have been his largest pat- 
rons. In 1890 he erected the Iniilding he 
now occupies, which is one of the finest and 
most attractive buildings for business pur- 
poses in this part of the country. .\s a 
merchant he has met with deserved success, 
and has kept pace with the growth of the 

lie is a man of advanced and liberal iiicas. 
and was for many years associated with Dr. 
Love and others in the school board, and 
always took an advanced position for the 
cause of higher education. Fie was for six 
\ears a member of the county board of 
freeholders, and a part of the time was 
chairman of the committee that had charge 
of the county penitentiary. He also served 
for several years as a member of the town 
committee. He was one of the founders 
and is still a director of the Montclair Bank. 
He was also one of the founders of the 
Montclair Savings Bank and was elected its 
lirst presiilent, still holding that position. 

Probably no man in Montclair has been 
more prominently identified with the cause 
of religion than Philip Doremus. Self- 
sacrificing, earnest, conscientious, he has 
taken a leading position in every movement 
tending to the advancement of religion and 
the improvement of the moral and social 
condition of the community. His religious 

experience began early in life as a member 
of the Seventh Presbyterian church, corner 
of Broome and Sherifif streets. New York. 
When he finally decided to settle in West 
Bloonifield, the home of his youth, he 
brought with him his letter to the First 
Presbyterian church, in which he subse- 
quently served as an elder for about thirty 
years, and was for fifteen years superintend- 
ent of the Sabbath school. Mr. Doremus 
has always been an earnest advocate of 
church extension. He assisted in the early 
movement to found a church at Upper 
Montclair, and in 1886, believing that cir- 
cumstances favored the organization of a 
new church, he with others withdrew from 
the First Presbyterian church and organ- 
ized the Trinity Presbyterian church, which 
has since more than doubled its member- 
ship. Mr. Doremus was elected one of the 
two first elders of the new organization, 
and still holds that position. 

During a European tour which he matle 
in 1883 his letters to the Montclair Times 
showed him to be a writer of no mean abili- 
ty and a keen observer of men and things. 
His descriptions of the places he visited 
were read with great interest by the patrons 
of that paper. Mr. Doremus combines all 
the qualities of the Christian gentleman, 
quiet and unostentatious in his manner, 
strong in his convictions of right, yet ten- 
der, affectionate and kind to all. While in 
no way lacking the courage of his convic- 
tions he would sacrifice his own interests 
rather than wound the feelings of another. 

Mr. Doremus was married November 20, 
1 85 1, to Hester Ann Yarrington. daughter 
of B. C. Yarrington, in old St. Bartholo- 
mew's church, by Rev. B. M. Yarrington, 
who is a cousin of Mrs. Doremus. and who 
has since officiated at the marriage of each 


of their daughters. The children are : Mary 
Yarrington, married to Dr. S. C. G. Wat- 
kins; Caroline S., married to W. Low Do- 
remus; Annette C, married to E. B. Good- 
ell, a practicing lawyer in Montclair; Adah 
N., married to Joseph B. Renwich, of Mont- 


Among those of foreign birth who have 
become prominent in business circles in 
Newark is Mr. Lebkuecher, the well 
known jeweler. His success in all his xm- 
dertakings has been so marked that his 
methods are of interest to the commercial 
world. He has based his business princi- 
ples and actions upon strict adherence to 
the rules which govern industry, economy 
and strict, unswerving integrity. His en- 
terprise and progressive spirit have made 
him a typical American in every sense of 
the word, and he well deserves mention in 
a volume treating of the business life and 
substantial development of Newark. What 
he is to-day he has made himself, for he 
began in the world with nothing but his 
own energy and willing hands to aid him. 
By constant exertion, associated with good 
judgment, he has raised himself to the 
prominent position which he now holds, 
having the friendship of many and 
the respect of all who know him. 
As mayor of the city he promoted 
its interest, and with a steady hand 
and wise judgment guided its im- 
provement. His official service v.?as of 
marked benefit to the city, and his name is 
among the foremost of the public-spirited 
and progressive residents of Newark. 

Mr. Lebkuecher was born in the prov- 
ince of Baden, Germany, February 9, 1844, 

and is a son of Francis and Louise (Kurz) 
Lebkuecher, who emigrated to the United 
States in 1848, taking up their residence in 
Jersey City, where they made their home 
until 1852, when they came to Newark. 
Our subject is the eldest of their three chil- 
dren. He is indebted to the public-school 
system for his education, which was com- 
pleted by his graduation at the high school 
of Newark in the class of i860. He then 
began learning the jewelry trade and in a 
few years was thoroughly conversant with 
both the mercantile and manufacturing 
branches of the trade. He studied closely 
and systematically every department of the 
business until he was master of the same, 
and in 1869, with a broad understanding 
thereof, he embarked in business on his 
own account, joining George Krementz in 
the organization of the firm of Krementz 
& Company, which is now one of the old- 
est and best known jewelry firms in this 
part of the state. Their reputation for re- 
liability, their commendable methods of 
business and the excellent stock which 
they carry have secured to them a very lib- 
eral patronage, and their business is now 
extensive and profitable. In connection 
with his other interests Mr. Lebkuecher is 
a director in the German National Bank, 
the Franklin Savings Institution and is 
president of the Fourteenth Ward Build- 
ing & Loan Association. 

Mr. Lebkuecher was married on the 
20th of July, 1870, to Miss Mary Hayden, 
a native of Phillipsburg, New Jersey, who 
died in 1893, leaving three children, — 
Frank, Carl and Mary. Mr. Lebkuecher's 
present wife was Mrs. Louise Burger. 

In his political views Mr. Lebkuecher 
has long been an ardent Republican, and 
his political belief is the result of close and 

i-:ssi:\ <(>i \TY 

earnest investigation of tlic issues and 
(|uestions affecting the weal or woe of the 
country. Since becoming a tax-payer he 
has felt a ileep and growing interest in mu- 
nicipal affairs, hut it was not until the 
spring of iSy4 that he could be induced to 
permit his name to be used in connection 
with public office. In that year there 
seemed to be a general demand that a 
practical business man be placed in the of- 
fice of mayor, and Mr. Lel)kuecher was 
nominatetl by liis party. He received a 
majority of nearly live thousand, the larg- 
est ever given a mayoralty candidate in 
Newark. His election, therefore, was un- 
mistakable evidence of the trust and confi- 
dence reposed in him as a man of splendid 
business qualifications and un(|uestioned 

( )n the Jth <>l .May, iS()4. lie entere<l 
upon the duties of his office and in the be- 
ginning of his administration he placed the 
general business of the city upon a business 
footing. Extravagances in the piuxdiase of 
supplies were cut off; the cost of sewers, 
paving and other improvements was les- 
sened; the business methods of the depart- 
luents were put on a more practical and 
therefore economical basis; the long-out- 
standing claims due the city from various 
corporations were collected, including one 
of eighty-nine thousand <lollars against 
two railroad corporations, which money 
was devotetl to the increase of public- 
school accoiumodations in the city; and he 
secured the passage of a state law encour- 
aging street paving. Originally the cost 
of all street paving had to be met at once; 
if not, the parties assessed were subject to 
heavy rates of interest, but under the bill 
passed by the legislature at the instance 
of the mayor parties assessed for street 

paving were permitted to meet the ex[)cnse 
in five annual installments at a low rate of 
interest. As a result of this law, thirty 
miles of street pavements were laid in New- 
ark in two years, whereas only sixty miles 
of streets had been ])aved in sixty years pre- 
viously. At the close of his term he had 
almost completed arrangements for the 
elevation of the railroad tracks in the city 
and for the accpiirement and use, by the 
city, of the Ijurying-ground property in the 
lilock bounded by Broad, Market, llalsey 
and William streets. 

Mr. Lcljkuecher's aclministration was 
business-like, energetic anil guided by 
sound judgment, and won the support of 
many of the best citizens who could kn)k 
beyond the exigencies of the moment and 
provide for the future welfare of the city. 
Considering the fact that great improve- 
ments were made during his term and that 
there had lieen but a slight increase in tax- 
able valuations, owing to the depressed 
conditions of the times, the tax rate of the 
city was reduced, rather than increased. 
Mr. l.ebkuecher, however, was not success- 
ful in his candidacy for re-election, al- 
though supported by the most substantial 
and progressive citizens. The methods 
which he had employed were in such con- 
trast to the lax and imbusiness-like meth- 
ods formerly in vogue that the introduc- 
tion of these striking innovations caused 
some dissatisfaction within the lines of his 
own party: and to this was atlded certain 
factional differences, growing out of ap- 
pointments, which created such a breach 
that in his candidacy he did not receive the 
unanimous support of his party. The im- 
petus given to public improveinents dur- 
ing his administration still obtains, and its 
influence will be permanent and constant. 



There are in every community men who 
without any particular effort on their part 
leave an impress upon the community 
which can never be effaced. Mr. Leb- 
kuecher is one of these. Whatever he has 
done for his own financial benefit has also 
conferred permanent and valuable results 
upon the entire community. He has done 
much for the city, and no man takes less 
credit for his acts than he. With his own 
hand he has shaped his destiny. The com- 
mon testimonv concerning him is that he is 
a man of remarkable sagacit\'. a quality of 
the human mind that we can scarcely over- 
estimate in business and many relations of 
life; a man who is careful, prudent and 
honest; a man therefore favored not by 
chance but by the due exercise of his own 
good qualities. He is a perfect type of a 
noble American citizen, and manliness, pa- 
triotism, sincerity and friendship are in- 
stinctively associated with his name. 


one of the most prominent lawyers of the 
state of New Jersey and for many years a 
resident of Newark, traces his ancestry in 
the agnatic line back to England, his fore- 
fathers belonging to the gentry. Repre- 
sentatives of the family were among the 
early settlers of New England. The rec- 
ords show that John Coult was a resident 
of Hartford, Connecticut, in 1638, and Jo- 
seph Coult a prominent citizen of Windsor, 
that state, in 1648. About the middle of 
the eighteenth century some members of 
the Coult family removed to New Jersey 
and settled in Sussex county, where their 
iiome was maintained for many years. 

In Frankfort, Sussex county. New Jer- 
sey, Joseph Coult, whose name heads this 

re\iew, was born May 23, 1834, youngest 
of the family of ten children of Joseph 
Coult, Sr. The boy had excellent educa- 
tional advantages, and predilection led him 
into the profession of law. Graduating in 
the Law School at New Albany. New York, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, he 
was admitted to the bar in the state of New 
York and began the practice of law in New 
York city. Shortly afterward, however, he 
returned to his native state and was ad- 
mitted as an attorney at law in New Jersey 
in February, 1861. 

Mr. Coult entered upon his professional 
career in this state at Newton, in partner- 
ship with Hon. Thomas Anderson, the 
partnership continuing for several years 
and being attended with signal success. 
For thirteen years he practiced in his native 
county. Then, in 1874. desiring a field 
from which he could draw a larger client- 
age, Air. Coult came to Newark, and here 
his business soon grew to such an extent 
that it I)ecame necessary for him to secure 
one with w honi to share his labors, and he 
entered into a copartnership with James E. 
Howell, Esq., thus forming the law firm of 
Coult & Howell, now one of the oldest, best 
known and most successful in the state. 

Mr. Coult is a Republican. Ever since 
the organization of the Republican party 
he has consistently and unfalteringly advo- 
cated and supported the principles of this 
jjarty, both in state and local politics ever 
taking a conspicuous part. On numerous 
occasions he has been a delegate to conven- 
tions of various kinds, and he has the honor 
of having helped to nominate no less than 
three of the men who have stood at the 
head of this nation. He was a delegate to 
the Baltimore convention, that nominated 
Lincoln for a second term, the convention 


i:ssi-:\ ((KWT) 

at Philadelphia, which noniinate'l General 
Grant, and tlie Cincinnati convention, 
which nominated Rutherford Ij. Hayes for 

Both as a lawyer and citizen he lias the 
contidcncc and high esteem of all who 
know him. 


of Newark, now deceased, was through the 
period of America's greatest development 
one of her most eminent representatives. 
Through the dark days of civil war. the 
period of reconstruction and the era of 
progress in agriculture, commerce, science 
and art which followed, he was a most con- 
spicuous figure. His opinions were sought 
in the council chambers of the nation and 
he was a recognized leader in the trade 
circles of the country. His distinguished 
service in congress and his brilliant achieve- 
ments in business life gained him prestige 
throughout his native land, and he was 
known and honored in all sections of the 
republic : his work redountled to the glory 
of America and the perpetuation of her 
fair name. 

George A. Halsey sprang from one of 
the oldest and most honored families of 
this land. Ear back into English history 
is traceable the connection of his ancestors 
with the events which form the annals of 
that nation. It has been conjectured that 
the .\lsis mentioned in the Domesday Book 
are the originators of this family. During 
the reign of William the Conciueror, 1066- 
1087. they possessed land in half the coun- 
ties of the realm and had representatives 
in each of the three great classes into which 
landed proprietors were divided by the 
compilers of the Domesilay Book. Such 

is the origin of the family, as given by tra- 
dition; but well authenticated records fur- 
nish evidence that John Hals, a man of 
considerable wealth and repute, living in 
the reign of Edward HI, 13^7-1377, was a 
direct ancestor of the Halsey family which 
took root on American soil two and a half 
centuries ago. Although his early home 
w as in Cornwall he afterward erected in the 
adjoining county of Devon the ancient 
mansion of Kenedon, mentioned by Burke 
in his Landed Gentry. This ancestral 
home stood at the time of the building of 
the palace of William Rufus, known as 
Westminster Hall of London, and of Wind- 
sor Castle. The reign of Edward HI was 
notable as a time of luxury and most ex- 
travagant living, and it became necessary 
to pass sumptuary laws, which John Hals, 
as judge of the common-pleas court, aided 
in enforcing. 

Robert Halse, second son of John, 
changed the orthography by the addition 
of the final "e. " Educated in Exeter Col- 
lege, he liecame successively provost of 
Oriel, proctor of Oriel, prebentlary of St. 
Paul's and bishop of Litchfield and Cov- 
entry. He was present at the battle of 
Bloreheath during the War of the Roses, 
and escorted Margaret of Anjou, the queen 
of the imbecile Henry VI, from that field to 
Eccleshall. Bishop Halse died in 1490 
anil was buried jn Litchfield cathedral. 

Probably the best known representative 
of the family at the present time in Eng- 
land is Thomas I'reilerick Halsey, of Gad- 
des<len Place. Hertfordshire, a member of 
parliament from that county. Gaddesden 
r^lace was granted to William Halsey by 
Henry V'HI and has since been in posses- 
sion of the family. His great-grandson 
was knighted and became Sir John Halsey. 



The first of the family to arrive in Amer- 
ica was Thomas Halsey, of Hertfordshire, 
a descendant of Bishop Halse. He pos- 
sessed extensive property interests, was a 
man of strong will and much force of char- 
acter and was the central figure in his col- 
ony. He made his final settlement at 
South Hampton, on Long Island, where 
he died about 1679. Among New Jersey's 
honored pioneers were members of the 
Halsey- family who located in the colony 
of Berkeley and Carteret just before the 
close of the seventeenth century and left 
the indelible impress of their individuality 
upon all the generation of this state. The 
history of their descendants is inseparably 
interwoven with that of the nation. As 
patriots of the American army they aided 
in securing the independence of the coun- 
try, as leaders in business and professional 
life they were widely known, and their in- 
dustry brought to them the rich fruits of 
honest toil. That in private character 
they were also exemplary is indicated by 
the confidence and regard which they won 
in the various communities with which 
they were connected. 

Samuel Halsey, father of him whose 
name introduces this review, was born in 
Springfield, New Jersey, October 11, 1801, 
and died June 17, 1884. He was a son of 
Isaac Halsey and his ancestors located in 
Springfield as early as 1684. He married 
Mary Hutchings and they had three chil- 
dren, of whom George A. was the eldest. 
In 1845 they removed to Newark, where 
the father engaged in the manufacture of 
clothing for the southern trade, but retired 
after three years and embarked in the man- 
ufacture of leather under the name of Hal- 
sey & Taylor, his partner afterward being 
succeeded by the subject of this review. 

Air. Halsey was a Republican and at one 
time served as a member of the city coun- 

George A. Halsey, who was born in 
Springfield, New Jersey, December 7, 
1827, was reared amid rural surroundings 
until the removal of his father to Newark. 
He served an apprenticeship to the firm of 
Halsey & Taylor and fully mastered the 
details of the leather business, in which he 
achieved great success in later years. 
Early in life he developed remarkable busi- 
ness powers, and gave evidence of splendid 
executive ability, keen discrimination and 
sound judgment. As he gained prestige in 
the business world, he directed his ener- 
gies into other fields of labor and became 
prominently connected with the banking 
and insurance institutions of Newark. In 
1861, however, the firm of which he was 
the head suffered severe losses through the 
secession of the southern states. Within a 
few months the labor of years was swept 
away, but notwithstanding their reverses 
the obligations of the firm were finally met. 
This instance indicates the unswerving 
fairness and justice which predominated in 
the nature of Mr. Halsey. He resolutely 
set to work to retrieve his lost possessions 
and overcame all obstacles in his path to 
success by determined and honorable ef- 
fort. He was connected with various busi- 
ness enterprises, and his wise counsel and 
enterprise proved an important factor in 
conducting these to a successful issue. He 
was a director in the Niagara Fire Insur- 
ance Company, in the Mutual Benefit Life 
Insurance Company and the Citizens' Gas 

But though his business interests made 
heavy demands upon his time Mr. Halsey 
in no wise failed to fulfill every obligation 

r:ssi:\ roixry 


of citizensliip and to fully meet the trust 
reposed in him on account of his eminent 
fitness for high ofTicial preferment. His 
fellow citizens, noting his reliability in all 
personal matters, wisely judged that the 
interests of the state would be in good 
hands if given into his keeping and turned 
to him for co-operation in public affairs. 
in i860 he was elected to represent the 
district of Newark in the general assembly 
of New Jersey. Notwithstanding his large 
southern trade and his intimate association 
with business men at the south, he was a 
strong and active Republican from the or- 
ganization of that party in New Jersey. 
He belonged to the minority in the state 
legislature, but even under such unfavor- 
able circumstances his splendid business 
qualities, his sterling integrity and sound 
judgment gave him a large degree of in- 
fluence. Through the critical days which 
preceded the inauguration of the civil war, 
he was one of the strong aids of Governor 
Olden. In 1861 he was re-elected to the 
legislature and upon the organization of 
the internal-revenue bureau in 1862 he was 
appointed assessor for the fifth district of 
New Jersey. The territory over which he 
was thus given control comprised one of 
the largest manufacturing districts in the 
United States, and the revenue business 
was therefore very extensive and compli- 
catetl, requiring the skillful handling of a 
competent business man. During his ser- 
vice in that capacity he was frequently con- 
sulted by the internal-revenue commis- 
sioner in reference to the construction and 
revision of the law, and many of its harsher 
provisions were ameliorated through his in- 
fluence. At the close of the war he was 
selected by the conunissioner to visit the 
southern states and instruct the newly ap- 

pointed revenue officers in their duties, but 
the requirements of his own district 
obliged him to decline the appointment. 
His services to the government, however, 
during these eventful days, were not con- 
fined to the due performance of his official 
duties. He loyally sustained the adminis- 
tration of Mr. Lmcoln in its prosecution of 
the war for the preservation of the Union, 
and to this end his labors and energies were 
fully given until its object was secured. 

In 1866 Andrew Johnson sought to re- 
move Mr. Halsey, together with many 
other faithful officers, from his official posi- 
tion, but the senate refused to confirm the 
nomination of a successor, and Mr. Halsey 
retained the assessorship. This attempt 
of the president, however, and the high es- 
teem in which Mr. Halsey was held, natur- 
ally called the attention of the Republicans 
of his district to him as their best choice for 
nomination as a representative to con- 
gress. He was almost unanimously se- 
lected by the convention, and after a vigor- 
ous contest was elected by a large major- 
ity, although the district heretofore had 
been largely Democratic. In congress he 
Ijecame distinguished as one of the leaders 
of his party and his fidelity to the best in- 
terests of the nation won him the gratitude 
and honor of the American people. He 
was consulted upon questions affecting the 
financial and manufacturing interests of the 
country, while his service in behalf of his 
home district was constant and invaluable, 
benefiting both Democrats and Republi- 
cans, the question of party never entering 
into the discharge of his duties affecting an 
entire constituency. He served on the 
committee on the District of Columbia; was 
appointed on the joint select committee on 
retrenchment and served with Senator Ed- 



monds on the sub-committee of the same, 
"to examine the metliod of printing; and is- 
suing bonds, notes and other securities." 
the results of which secured important re- 
forms in the treasury department. 

In 1868 Mr. Halsey was unanimously 
renominated for congress, but was de- 
feated, although his popularity was attested 
by the fact that his vote in the district 
largely exceeded that given General Grant. 
When the administration of the newly 
elected president was inaugurated, and Mr. 
Boutwell assumed the position of secretary 
of the treasury, he tendered Mr. Halsey the 
important office of register of the treasury, 
but he declined the honor that would have 
thus been conferred upon him, wishing to 
devote his attention to his business as a 
manufacturer of patent leather, which en- 
terprise he had resinned on retiring from 
congress. \\'hile thus engaged he was 
not unmindful, however, of tiie large inter- 
ests which centered around him and which 
naturally looked to him for protection. 
His knowledge of the wants of his district 
and his services in supplying these were so 
generally acknowledged that he was again 
nominated for congress in 1870, and 
elected by over three thousand majority. 
This brilliant success brought him promi- 
nently before the public, and upon taking 
his seat in congress he was assigned to the 
chairmanshii) of the committee on public 
buildings and grounds, the duties of which 
were performed with signal fidelity. He 
was jire-eminently watchful of the inter- 
ests of his district and state, it being largely 
due to his influence that the new court- 
house and postoffice at Trenton and the 
postoflice at Jersey City were secured. It 
was also largely through his instrumental- 
itv that the improvements on the Passaic 

vivev and other waterways of the state 
were made. In 1872 he declined a renomi- 
nation to congress. The same year his 
party nominated him for governor, b}- ac- 
clamation, but the Democratic power in 
the state was too strong to be overcome, 
and although he received the unwavering 
support of liis party he met defeat. For 
years he was a member of the Republican 
national committee and his wise counsel 
and sountl judgment were very effective in 
guiding the interests of his party. 

While jHiblic duties so largely claimed 
his attention Mr. Halsey was at the same 
time one of the most important factors in 
the development and improvement of the 
city in which he made his home and left the 
impress of his splendid individuality upon 
its public life. Upon the retirement of 
Governor M. L. Ward he was immediately 
chosen president of the Newark Industrial 
E.xposition, and his labors in its behalf 
were a source of inspiration to his associ- 
ates in this work. In connection with 
Governor Randolph and others he was 
prominent in |ireserving to the future one 
of the few remaining landmarks of the 
past, — Washington's headquarters at Mor- 
ristown, — and from 1884 to 1887 was pres- 
ident of the Washington Association. In 
1S7J he was one of the commissioners of 
the new lunatic asvlum. He was a direc- 
tor in the Newark Librarv Association, 
chairman of the executive committee of the 
New Jersey State Historical Society, vice- 
president of the New Jersey Agricultural 
Society, vice-president of the Society of 
Sons of the American Revolution, member 
of the Esse.x Republican and Esse.x Clubs 
and of the Union League Club of New 
\'ork. He was for many years president 
of tiie New Jersey State Insane .Xsylum at 



Morris Plains, and at the time of his death 
was tlie only surviving member of the com- 
mission appointed to select a site for that 
institution and direct the building of the 

Mr. Halsey was married January 18, 
1849, to Miss Abbie C. Connet. daugliter of 
Zenas Connet. Their children are William 
A., born December 5. 1849; George E., 
born April 5. 1856; and Isabel, wife of P. 
W. Vail, Jr.. born April 10. 1864. Mr. and 
Mrs. Halsey are both now deceased, the 
former ilying April i. 1894, and the latter 
April 2. 1897. 

For years a distinguished leader in po- 
litical and commercial circles, the malevo- 
lence of detraction dared never assail his 
reputation, nor the tongue of calumny utter 
a word against either his public or private 
character. The institutions with which he 
was connected and with whose success his 
name will ever be associated will long stand 
as monuments to his energy and ability 
and a visible proof of what lie was able to 
accomplish during a long life of honorable 


Heinrich Schneider came to America 
from Holland in the latter part of the sev- 
enteenth century and settled near Easton, 
Pennsylvania. He married Catherine 
Buschne (Bush) August 3, 1787. and of 
three children Samuel Snyder was the third 
in order of birth. He was born February 
5, 1792, and married Susannah Bittenben- 
der October 4. 181 2, at Easton, Pennsyl- 

His first business was that of saddler. 
Then he engaged in the slate business at a 
place now known as Slateford. New Jersey, 
two miles below the Delaware Water Gap, 

Pennsylvania, along the Delaware river, 
and there opened the quarry then known as 
the Clay Slate Quarry and Factory. In 
1826 he invented and put in use the first 
machinery for sawing and framing school 
slates at that place. In 1832 he purchased 
the Kittatinny House, Delaware Water 
Gap, I'ennsylvania, with the view of mak- 
mg it a place of resort, and to his memory 
the credit is due of bringing it into public 
notice and for giving the house a character 
for neatness, cleanliness and comfort that 
has required much effort on the part of his 
successors to maintain. Among his first 
guests in 1833, before the house, which 
was enlarged, was completed, was General 
Cadwalader. When Monroe county, Penn- 
sylvania, was organized, in 1836, Governor 
Ritner appointed Samuel Snyder prothono- 
tary register, recorder and clerk, a very un- 
usual thing for one man to hold so many 
offices. He was an expert penman and the 
records of the county have never been kept 
more neatly nor more correctly since then. 
He died April 5, 1844. His wife died De- 
cember 3. 1S67. They had four sons and 
eight daughters. 

William Katts, the second son. was born 
at Easton. Pennsylvania, February 11, 
1821. He was engaged in the lumber 
business in the starting of his early busi- 
ness career with his brother, Henry Clay, 
in Virginia, but returned north again in 
1862 and took charge of and opened the 
Limestone Quarry at Delaware Water 
Gap, Penn.sylvania. for the Lackawanna 
Iron ct Coal Company, which stone was 
used at their Scranton (Pennsylvania) fur- 
naces. He remained in their service 
(twenty-one years) until killed by accident, 
February 9. 1883. in their Voss Gap 
Quarry at Bridgeville, New Jersey, which 


he opened in 1875. This untimely accident 
was remarkable, for during his entire ad- 
ministration none of the employees were 
ever seriously injured, which record he was 
proud of; and a further peculiar coincidence 
with his death was that it occurred on the 
day his resignation took effect. He was a 
plain man, conservati\e and with much 
force of character, and one in whom em- 
plovers and employees had much confi- 
dence, as was shown by the erection of a 
handsome monument as one of the expres- 
sions of esteem shown by the company. 
He was an elder in the Presbyterian church 
at Delaware \\'ater Gap. Pennsylvania, for 
a number of years, and one of its earnest 
workers. His wife's maiden name was 
Miss Elizabeth Eilenberger, and of their 
five children three were boys. 

Henry. Clay, eldest son, was born July 4, 
1845, at Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylva- 
nia, and at the age of sixteen years enlisted 
voluntarily in Company K, Nintieth Regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, at Easton, 
Pennsylvania. Although young he was a 
stalwart man and o\'er six feet tall. He 
was promoted from the rank of a private 
through the grades to that of lieutenant, 
and was killed by a sharpshooter at the 
battle of the W'eldon Railroad, in North 
Carolina, August 18, 1864. He was in 
eighteen battles, among which were Bull 
Run, South ^lountain. Fredericksburg, 
Gettysburg, Wilderness, Cold Harbor and 
Petersburg. Had he lived three weeks 
longer his three years' enlistment would 
have been completed witli an honorable 

Joseph Samuel Snyder, second son, fa- 
ther of the subject of our sketch, w'as born 
at Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania, 
July 16, 1847. He entered the machine 

shops of the Lackawanna Iron and Coal 
Company at Scranton. Pennsylvania, to 
learn the machinists' trade. He then was 
appointed assistant superintendent to his 
father at the Delaware Water Gap quarries; 
aliout 1879 he took charge of the extensive 
lumber business of Rhodes & Bauman at 
Gouldsboro, Pennsylvania, and remained 
there over four years, when he succeeded 
his father as superintendent of the Lacka- 
wanna L'on & Coal Company's \'oss Gap 
Quarry at Bridgeville, New Jersey, which 
position he held at the time of his death, 
August 18, 1888. He was. like his father, 
of a retiring disposition and conservative in 
his expressions; was a member of the Pres- 
byterian church, afiiliated with the Masonic 
and other orders, and a member of the 
town council at Belvidere, New Jersey, 
where he resided. July 4, 1867, he mar- 
ried Martha, daughter of Thomas W. 
Rhodes, a prominent farmer and man of 
aft'airs living near Stroudsburg, Pennsylva- 
nia. Their children were Henry Clay, An- 
na Elizabeth. Leonora Broadhead and 
Thomas Lester. 

Henry Clay Snyder, subject of our 
sketch, was born at Delaware \\'ater Gap, 
July 14, 1868. His early education was re- 
ceived at public and private schools and at 
Belvidere Seminary, Belvidere, New Jer- 
sey, where he completed the regular course 
and then engaged in railroading with the 
Pennsylvania Railroad, in the telegraph 
department at Belvidere, New Jersey, and 
following his serxice there was in the em- 
I)loy of the Delaware. Lackawanna & 
Western Railway and West Shore Railway 
as telegraph operator. Li 1886 he en- 
gaged with the Lehigh & Hudson River 
Railroad as agent at McAfee, New Jersey, 
which position he resigned the following 


year, in Fel)ruary. 1887. to enter tlieir train 
department as conductor, tlie oliject of 
which was to have practical experience in 
iiandling trains, in order eventually to be- 
come a train despatcher. He engaged 
with the New York, Lake Erie & Western 
Railway as agent at Ramapo, New York, 
October 1. 1887. February, 1892, he was 
])nini()tO(l to the agency at Middletown. 
New York. July i, 1893, he was again 
promoted, to the agency at Newark, New 
Jersey. September i, 1896. the position of 
general agent, Erie Railroad, was created, 
with headquarters at Newark. New Jersey, 
and Mr. Snyder was again advanced. He 
is a member of the Newark General 
Agents' .Association, the Railway Tele- 
graphic Association, and for several years 
the i)residing officer of the New York Di- 
vision, No. 129. as well as their delegate to 
the annual conventions of the order held 
in St. Louis, 1891, Toronto. 1893, and 
Denver. 1894, holding important chair- 
manships at each convention; also a mem- 
ber of the New York Railroad Club, New- 
ark Board of Trade, and affiliated with the 
Masonic fraterni'ty. In his religious faith 
he is an elder in the Park Presbyterian 
church, Newark, New Jersey, and superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school. 

The marriage of Mr. Synder was cele- 
brated on the 17th of October, 1888. when 
he was united to Sarah, daughter of Stott 
and Melvina (Jackson) Mills, the former 
being superintendent of motive power of 
the Lehigh & Hudson River Railroad at 
Warwick, New York. Mrs. Snyder is the 
eldest of three daughters and two sons. 
They have two boys: Joseph Samuel, who 
was born at Ramapo, New York, Decem- 
ber 9, 1890; and Stott Mills, born at New- 
ark, New Jersey, October 22,, 1896. 


was born in September, 1829, on the old 
family homestead in West Orange, where 
he now resides. His father was Jonathan 
S. Williams, a well known agriculturist of 
the community. On the farm our sub- 
ject was reared, and the labors of field and 
meadow early became familiar to him. He 
attended the common schools, pursued his 
studies uiuler the direction of his imcle. the 
Rev. A. Williams, at Clinton, for one term, 
and also attended Albert Pearson's school 
in Orange, thus being fitted by liberal edu- 
cational privileges for the practical duties 
of life. 

In the spring of 1846 Mr. W'illiams went 
to New York to learn the cabinet-maker's 
trade and entered the employ of H. V. 
Sigler. who was engaged in the manufac- 
ture of picture and mirror frames. For 
three years he followed that vocation and 
then returned to the home farm, where he 
has since remained, devoting his time and 
energies to agricultural pursuits. He has 
a well improved farm, the well tilled field 
surrounding substantial buildings, and the 
w hole characterized by an air of thrift that 
well indicates one of the predottiinant traits 
of the owner. 

In 1854 Mr. Williams was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Phoebe Ann Underbill, a 
daughter of Gilbert and Sarah Underbill, 
of Westchester county, New York. They 
have a son and daughter, John F. and Lil- 
ian, the latter being now the wife of Harry 
C. Hedden. 

Mr. Williams has taken quite an active 
part in public affairs and has filled a num- 
ber of local positions of honor and trust. 
He has served on the board of freeholders 
for twenty-one years, retiring from that of- 


fice in 1887 in order to accept the position 
of tax collector, in which capacity he is 
still the incumbent. He discharged his 
duties in perfect harmony with good citi- 
zenship, is prompt, faithful and reliable and 
has won the unqualified confidence of the 
people of his township. Socially he is con- 
nected with the Masonic fraternity, holding 
membership in Union Lodge, No. 11, A. 
F. & A. M., and in Orange Chapter, No. 
23, R. A. M. He is a member of the St. 
Cloud Presbyterian church and is clerk of 
the session. Politically he is a Democrat, 
and in all the affairs of life he is an upright, 
honorable man, whose many excellencies 
of character command the highest esteem 
of friends and neighbors. 


has long since rounded the psalmist's span 
of three score years and ten. It has already 
been given to him to pass the eighty-sev- 
enth milestone on the journey of life and to 
write upon the pages of time a record of 
usefulness and worth that is well worthy of 
emulation and commands the highest re- 
spect. He has seen the progress of the re- 
public through the greater part of the cen- 
tury and has kept in touch with the onward 
march, rejoicing in the advancement of his 
nation, delighting in its splendid achieve- 
ments, the fulfillment of its possibilities and 
in its glorious opportunities. He is a typi- 
cal American citizen, thoroughly in har- 
mony with the spirit of the republic, making 
the most of his own opportunities and 
steadily working his way upward to suc- 
cess, and to all that is desiral)le and en- 
nobling in life. 

Born on what is now Ridgewood road. 
South Orange, October 3, 1810, Mr. Tillou 

is a son of Joseph B. Tillou, whose birth oc- 
curred in New York city, l)ut who was 
reared in New Jersey. The grandfather, 
Peter Tillou, was one of the French Hugue- 
nots who settled in the Empire state at 
an early day. The mother of our sub- 
ject bore the maiden name of Mary Free- 
man. She was also l)orn on the Ridge- 
wood road and was a daughter of Amos 
Freeman, one of the pioneers of Essex 
county. Peter Tillou died when his son 
Joseph was a small boy. His wife, who bore 
the maiden name of Mary Brown, was also 
born on the Ridgewood road, and it was 
her ancestors who secured from the gov- 
ernment, in 1677, the land upon which our 
subject now resides, the property remaining 
continually in possession of the family. 
.\fter her husband's death, Mrs. Peter Til- 
lou became the wife of a Mr. Cofifin, and 
removed to the neighborhood of Pough- 
keepsie. New '^'ork, where her second hus- 
band died, after which she returned to New- 
ark, where her death occurred in 1841, 
when she had reached the age of ninety-sev- 
en years. 

Jose])h B. Tillou, the father of our sub- 
ject, spent his youth upon the farm and 
throughout his entire life followed agricul- 
tural pursuits. He attained the ripe old 
age of nearly eighty-seven years and was 
long a leading resident of the community in 
which he made his home. His family num- 
bered eight children, all of whom attained 
years of maturity, while three are still living. 

Abijah F. Tillou was reared on the home 
farm, and during the winter seasons attend- 
ed the subscription schools for a short time. 
He resided with his parents until he had 
reached manhood, after which he prepared 
for a home of his own by his marriage, in 
1840, to Miss Family Brown, a daughter of 


i:ssr:\ coi \r) . 

Samuel Brown. Since 1836 he has man- 
ai^eil the old Brown farm and for many 
years was its owner. A portion of the 
farm, however, has since been sold. (li\i(lcd 
into tnwn lots and is now ad(-)rncd with 
many heantiful homes, wiiich stand upon 
the helds that he once tilled and whicli 
yielded to him their golden fijrain in return 
for his care and labor. By the sale of his 
property and the careful nianajjement of 
his other business interests. Mr. Tillou 
accumulated a handsome competence, 
which in his declining years has surrounded 
him with all the comforts and many of the 
lu.xuries of life. He has served as execu- 
tor of nineteen difTerent estates, and his in- 
tegrity and honor in all business relations 
are above cpiestion. He has probably fur- 
nisheil the money to build more homes in 
South Orange than any other one man and 
has thus not only proved a benefactor to 
Iris neighbors and fellow townsmen; but 
has materially contributed to the substantial 
development of the city. He is also a di- 
rector in the Orange National Bank and 
was a stockholder in the first public library 
in Orange, also of South Orange. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tillou became the parents 
of four children, three of whom are still 
living: Mary Ellen, Samuel B. and Daniel 
\\ . Mrs. Tillou died in 1879, at the age 
of sixty-nine years. She was a member of 
the Presbyterian church and a most estima- 
ble lady, many excellencies of char- 
acter won her the love and regard of many 
friends. Mr. Tillou also belongs to the 
Presbyterian church and by his fellow 
townsmen has been called to serve in many 
local otVices of trust and responsibility. In 
politics he was originally an old-line Whig. 
but on the organization of the Republican 
party he joined its ranks. • He has voted at 

sixteen presidential elections and has lived 
through all but three administrations. Still 
hale and vigorous, at the age of eighty-sev- 
en years, he superintends his extensive busi- 
ness interests, and his life of activity will 
probably continue until he passes to eter- 


We of this end-of-the-century period, 
representing the most electrical progress 
m all lines of material activity, are too 
prone not to give due heed to those ele- 
mental valuations which touch upon the 
deeper essence of being. We cannot af- 
ford to hold in light esteem those who have 
wrought nobly in the past, nor fail to ac- 
cord honor to those who have given an 
heritage of worthy thoughts and worthy 
deeds and have aided in laying fast the 
foundations of the greatest republic the 
world has ever know n. 

The Brewer family is one which has been 
long and prominently identified with the 
history of our national commonwealth. 
The original American ancestor was Dan- 
iel Brewer, who emigrated from England 
to the American colonies in 1632 and took 
up his abode in Boston. From him the 
line of descent is directly traced through 
Nathaniel (i). son of Daniel. Nathaniel (2). 
Nathaniel (3), Nathaniel (4). Samuel and 
William Augustus, the last named being 
the father of the immediate sul)ject of this 

William Augustus Brewer, son of Sam- 
uel and Sally (Norton) Brewer, was a na- 
tive of Boston, Massachusetts, where he 
was born on the ?ist of March, 1807. He 
was a man of signal business ability, of 
profound individuality, and ordered his life 



upon the highest plane of integrity. By 
jirofession he was a druggist, and to this 
line of enterprise he for many years de- 
voted his attention in the city of Boston, 
but during the declining years of his life 
he maintained his home with his son in 
South Orange, where his death occurred 
on the nth of April, 1890, at the venerable 
age of eighty-three years. In early man- 
hood he was united in marriage to Marcy 
Sawin Hunting, daughter of Bela Hunt- 
ing, a direct descendant of John Hunting, 
who was a resident of Dedham, Massachu- 
setts, as early as 1638. Of this marriage 
four children were born, the eldest of 
whom was William Augustus, Jr.. who con- 
sequently represents in New Jersey the 
New England branch of the family. 

William A. Brewer, Jr., to whose career 
we now direct attention, was born in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, on the 9th of October, 
1835. He secured his preliminary educa- 
tional discipline in the public schools, 
graduating from the public Latin school in 
1851, after which he entered the Lawrence 
scientific department of Harvard Univer- 
sity, where he graduated as a member of 
the class of 1854. He forthwith put his re- 
quirements to a practical test in a technical 
way by engaging in civil-engineering work 
for a period of about two years, after which 
he received an appointment in the actuary's 
department of the IMutual Life Insurance 
Company of New York, with which he re- 
mained for a period of three years, becom- 
ing thoroughly familiar with the details and 
intricacies of this important line of enter- 
prise and thus preparing hiipself to assume 
increased responsibilities. 

Upon the organization of the Washing- 
ton Life Insurance Companj^ of New 
York, in i860. Mr. Brewer was chosen its 

secretary and actuary, and at the expira- 
tion of nine years was made vice-president 
of the important corporation, while in 1879 
distinctive recognition of his powers and 
executive ability was accorded in his being 
elected president of the company, of which 
office he has ever since been the incum- 

Mr. Brewer's residence in South Orange 
dates from the year 1867, when he came 
hither and effected the purchase of that old 
local landmark known as the "Stone 
House by the Stone House Brook." With 
a view to retaining as far as possible the 
integrity of the original and historic build- 
ing, he erected at the front elevation an ad- 
dition of modern design and architecture, 
also throwing out additions at the rear 
and still leaving the old house practically 
in its original condition. To the place, 
now claiming the charms of modern art 
and historic interest, he gave the appropri- 
ate name of Aldworth, signifying "old 

Mr. Brewer has maintained a constant 
and lively interest in all that touches the 
upbuilding and beatxtifying of South 
Orange, and his public-spirited attitude 
has naturally brought about the result of 
his being called upon to serve in numerous 
positions of public or semi-public order. 
For a number of years he did effective ser- 
vice as commissioner of assessments, was 
president of the village from 1875 to 1877, 
inclusive, and for a long term of years was 
president and secretary of the South Or- 
ange Library Association. In 1881 he 
was appointed by the court of common 
pleas one of the commissioners of drainage, 
whose function it was to provide means for 
draining the east branch of the Rahway 


In political matters Mr. Brewer exer- 
cises his franchise independently, while in 
religious matters he is a member of the 
Protestant Episcopal church, being a com- 
municant of the Church of the Holy Com- 
munion, of South Orange. He was one 
of the original members of the New Eng- 
land Society of C)range and for twelve 
years served as treasurer of the same, and 
for two years each in the otitices of vice- 
president and president. 

In the year 1863 was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Brewer to Miss Bella Cal- 
vert Fisher, daughter of Charles Willis 
Fisher, of Medway, Massachusetts. They 
arc the parents of four children, namely : 
May, the wife of Eugene \'. Connett, Jr., 
of South Orange: Graham M.: Calvert: and 
Clara, the wife of William A. Minott, of 
South Orange. 


of Newark, occupies a most enviable posi- 
tion in business circles in the metropolis of 
the country, due to his excellent powers of 
management, his keen discrimination, his 
thorough reliability and his indefatigable 
energy, resulting from a laudable ambition. 
He is general purchasing agent for the 
United States Express Company. He en- 
tered the service of that corporation as a 
wagon-boy and has gradually and steadily 
worked his way upward, demonstrating 
that the road to wealth and prominence is 
open to all, and that the obstacles which 
are there encountered may be overcome by 
persistence, enterprise and undaimteil pur- 

Mr. Sanford is one of New Jersey's na- 
tive sons, his birth having occurred in Do- 
ver on the 19th of August, 1839. For 
more than a century the family has been 

connected with this state, his ancestors re- 
moving from Bridgeport, Connecticut, to 
New Jersey. His father, John Sanford, 
who was born in West Milford, New Jer- 
sey, in 1816, and died in 1867, was a part- 
ner of Peter Sanford in dock and bridge 
building in this state many years ago. He 
was a son of Gamaliel Sanford, who was 
born in 1733, and is the father of the 
prominent contractor, Joseph B. Sanford, 
of Newark, who is recognized throughout 
the country as the most expert dredger, 
dock builder and harbor improver in the 
United States. He filled in the Potomac 
flats in Washington, dug the famous Kear- 
ney cut on the Montclair & Midland Rail- 
road, unloaded and placed in position the 
Statue of Liberty in New York harbor, 
and is now rebuilding the Dismal Swamp 
canal in Virginia and a large pier and 
warehouses for the Chesapeake & Ohio 
Railroad at Newport News, Virginia. The 
mother of our subject bore the maiden 
name of Harriet A. Wilson, and was a 
daughter of Samuel A. Wil.son, a Scotch- 
man, of Parsippany, New Jersey. Her 
two children are James \'. Sanford, of Or- 
ange, and the subject of this article. 

Mr. Sanford was educated in the E. A. 
Stiles Seminary in Deckerstown, Sussex 
county, and at the very early age of four- 
teen began teaching school, his first posi- 
tion being in St. John's Seminary in Dover, 
New Jersey. Following this he accepted 
a position as bookkeeper with N. and C. 
Lindsley, of Orange, New Jersey. He 
went next to the Morris C-anal & Banking 
Company, as stock clerk. Since 1855 he 
has been connected continuously with the 
United States Express Company and his 
advancement has been continuous. His 
first duties were those of wagon-boy, but 


soon demonstrating liis thorough reHabil- 
ity and his fitness for more responsible du- 
ties, he was made collector, later became 
receipting clerk, after which he was in the 
president's office; was next promoted to a 
place in the accounting department; spent 
a season in the money department as cash- 
ier, after which he was promoted to the po- 
sition of general cashier of the company, 
in which capacity he served for eighteen 
years. In 1891 he was promoted to his 
present position of general purchasing 
agent. This position requires a supervis- 
ion of much of the business of the com- 
pany in all its intricate and complex work- 
ings, and demands on the part of the in- 
cumbent a managerial ability scarcely sur- 
passed in any line of trade. Forty-two 
years' connection with the company well 
indicates his trustworthiness, fidelity to 
duty and the unqualified confidence of the 
officers of the company whose regard for 
him personally and professionally is very 

Turning from the public to the private 
life of Mr. Sanford we find that in Bergen, 
New Jersey, the Rev. B. C. Taylor, on the 
24th of December, 1861. performed the 
marriage ceremony which united the des- 
tinies of our subject and Miss Sophia 
Speer. Her father. Colonel Abraham 
Speer, commanded the Second Regiment 
of New Jersey Volunteers during the civil 
war, and in private life was an undertaker 
in Bergen. To Mr. and Mrs. Sanford have 
been born the following children: Harry 
P., born in 1862,' now in the tracing depart- 
ment of the United States Express Com- 
pany, in New York; Edwin M., born in 
1870, employed in the cashier's depart- 
ment of the same company; and Miss Ade- 
laide, born in 1872. 

Mr. Sanford is a member of Eureka 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and of Union Chap- 
ter, No. 7, R. A. M. He located in New- 
ark in 1863 and has been prominently con- 
nected with public matters in the city. As 
a Republican he has been connected with 
some of the political campaigns here, 
served as alderman from the old ninth ward 
for four years and was chairman of the po- 
lice committee. He introduced an ordi- 
nance increasing the pay of the police offi- 
cers and introduced and inaugurated the 
practice of giving medals to officers for 
meritorious service, providing out of his 
private funds the medals distributed in the 
first and second precincts, the first medal 
being won by officer Van Ness. Honored 
in business, respected by those with whom 
city affairs have brought him in contact 
and esteemed by neighbors and friends, he 
is well deserving of mention among the 
prominent and representative citizens of 
Essex county. 


of the firm of J. M. Mead & Company, of 
Caldwell, is one of the leading merchants of 
that city, and has l)een continuously con- 
nected with the house in which he is now 
partner for twenty-nine years. He ranks 
among the most reliable, energetic and pro- 
gressive business men of his part of the 
county, and his well directed efforts in the 
affairs of trade have brought him a hand- 
some financial return for his labors. 

Mr. Benham is a native of Connecticut, 
his birth having occurred in Colebrook 
township, Litchfield county, on the uth 
of August, 1847. The family had for some 
generations been connected with that state. 
His grandfather. Lent Benham, was acci- 

hssKx corxry 

dentally killed at Riverton, and the father 
of our subject. Leonard D. Benham, 
resided on the old homestead in Colebrook 
township until his death, February 22. 
1898. He was born at Riverton. in Con- 
necticut, in April. 1814. and passed the 
greater part of his life upon a farm in the 
state of his nativity. In 1853. however, he 
located in Caldwell. Xew Jersey, but after 
a few years returned to Connecticut, where 
he remained. He was very prominent and 
influential in the community where lie 
ma<le his home, and twice represented his 
district in the state legislature. He mar- 
ried Laura Deming, daughter of Allen 
Deming. a representative of one of the old 
families of Colebrook. Connecticut. The 
children are: Ellen G., wife of lulwiii 
Barnes, of Robertsville. Connecticut: Hu- 
bert M.; F. \\'., of Derby. Connecticut: and 
Edward X.. of Montclair. Xew Jersey. 

Mr. Benham. whose name forms the cap- 
tion of this article, was educated in Cald- 
well. Essex county, and soon after his fa- 
ther's return to the Xutmeg state began 
clerking in West Granville. Massachusetts. 
The following year, 1867, he- was employed 
in the same capacity in Riverton, Connec- 
ticut, and then returned to Essex county, 
entering the empiloy of J. M. Mead. After 
serving in the capacity of salesman for four 
years he was admitted to a partnership in 
the business, and the firm of J. M. Mead & 
Comi)any have since been recognized as 
leaders in commercial interests, receiving a 
liberal patronage and enjoying a trade 
which has been secured by reason of their 
honorable business methods, their courte- 
ous treatment and their reasonable prices. 
In April, 1876. was celebrated the mar- 
riage of Mr. Benham and Miss Enuna Can- 
field, a daughter of George Canfiekl, of 

Caldwell, Xew Jersey. She died the fol- 
lowing year, and in 1880 he married Miss 
Louisa E. Canfield. a sister of his first wife. 
He has been a member of the Caldwell 
Athletic Club for years, and is an active 
member of the Caldwell Presbyterian 
church. He takes a deep interest in every- 
thing pertaining to the social, moral or ma- 
terial welfare of the community am! lends 
an active support to all measures for the 
public good. 


of Newark, whose extensive business inter- 
ests place him among the leaders in indus- 
trial circles, has achieved that success 
which is the logical result of enterprise, sys- 
tematic effort, resolute purpose and 
straightforward dealing. There are no 
other qualities absolutely essential to de- 
velopment, and upon the ladder of his own 
building he has climbed to prominence and 
prosperity. His reputation as an expert in 
his line of business extends far beyond the 
community in which he makes his home, 
and has brought to him a patronage from 
many points throughout the Xew England 
and eastern states. 

Mr. Harrison was born in Roseland. Es- 
sex county, in 1831. and is a son of Jared 
F. Harrison. His mother, whose maiden 
name was Eliza Duryee, was a daughter of 
Rev. John Duryee. who was pastor of the 
Dutch Reformed church at Somer- 
ville, Xew Jersey. Mr. Harrison is 
also a ilescendant of Sergeant Rich- 
ard Harrison, one of the honored 
pioneers of Essex county. His boy- 
hood days were spent on the home farm 
and he assisted in the duties of field and 
meadow until he had attained his majority, 


wlien lie joined R. F. Harrison in the lum- 
ber and sawmill business at Roseland. 
There he carried on operations until 1861, 
when he established a line of stages be- 
tween Caldwell and Montclair, with a mail 
route from the latter place to Parsippany. 
That enterprise claimed his attention for 
seven years, but about 1868 he disposed of 
his business and mail contract and engaged 
in bridge and sewer building. He has 
since increased his field of labor by taking 
contracts for the erection of waterworks 
and for road grading and excavating, and 
is doing a very extensive and profitable 
business. He has admitted his sons to a 
partnership under the firm name of P. H. 
Harrison & Sons, and the firm has taken 
contracts for some very extensive and im- 
portant work. They erected the water- 
works in East Syracuse. New York; Oak- 
mount and Verona, Pennsyhania. and at 
Granville, in the Keystone state. Their 
large contracts for the placing of sewers 
include work in Newark, East Orange, 
Bloomfield, Rutherford, Kearney. Belmar 
and Irvington, New York, Mechanicsville, 
New York; Kittanning, Pennsylvania, and 
an immense contract now being executed 
in Hartford, Connecticut. 

Mr. Harrison was married in Montclair 
to Hester A. Crane, a daughter of Josiah 
W. Crane and a descendant of Deacon Aza- 
riah Crane, who came to Newark with the 
first settlers and wife was a daugh- 
ter of Governor Treat of Connecticut. 
The children of Mr. and Mrs. Harrison are: 
Carrie L., wife of Benjamin Parkhunst; 
Fannie C, wife of Oscar H. Condit; Kath- 
arine S. : Harry L., who married May 
Cresse: Louis B.. who married Mabelle H. 
Walker, of Vonkers, New York; and Edith 

While residing in his native township, 
Mr. Harrison served as freeholder for three 
years, town clerk and a member of the town 
committee, discharging his duties with 
marked promptness an.d fidelity. In his 
political views he is a Republican, but ow- 
ing to the increased volume of his business 
he has now no time for pul)lic office, de- 
voting his energies almost exclusively to 
his industrial affairs. He employs a large 
force of men and his fair treatment has 
won their confidence and respect. He has 
excellent executive ability, keen discrimi- 
nation and power of control, and his able 
management has resulted in bringing to 
him the patronage wherefrom he derives 
splendid financial returns. His "wealth has 
been worthily achieved, and not only in 
business circles but also in all the relations 
of life he commands the esteem of those 
with whom he is brought in contact. 


of \'erona, is a most enterprising and ener- 
getic business man, who by his own efforts 
has arisen from a humble position to one 
of prominence in traile circles. His suc- 
cess has been achiexed through resolute 
purpose, keen discrimination and unflag- 
ging industrv. and the firm of Slayback 
Brothers are now at the head of extensive 
and profitable business interests in Verona, 
Caldwell and Little Falls. 

The suljject of this review was born in 
Raritan, New Jersey, on the ist of No- 
vember. 1863, and is a .son of William Slay- 
back, who was born June 20. 1838. He is 
a miller by trade and for the past twenty- 
five years has resided in Verona. He mar- 
ried Adalinc, daughter of Samuel War- 



man. of lluntenlon county, New Jersey, 
and tliey became the parents of two sons. 
— David H. and John \V. The latter re- 
ceived hut limited school privileges, but 
added largely to his fund of knowledge by 
working in a printing-office. At the age 
of sixteen he entered upon his business ca- 
reer as an apprentice to the printer's trade 
in the office of the Montclair Times, and on 
the expiration of- that period opened an of- 
fice with Lane & Lockward at Caldwell, 
where he did the printing for that firm for 
six years. In 1888 he accepted a position 
with H. C. Dabney. of Montclair, as book- 
keeper, in his coal-yard, where he remained 
twn years. 

The lirm of Slayback Brothers was or- 
ganized in 18S5 and has since continued 
business, and from the beginning has met 
with gratifying success. They commenced 
operations in Montclair in 1885, and in 
1891, when their earning from the ice busi- 
ness had become sufficient to enable them 
to branch out in other lines, they began 
dealing in coal. In September, 1892, they 
added lumber and builders' supplies, estab- 
lishing a lumber-yard in connection with 
their coal office on Bloomfield avenue, near 
the junction of the Erie Railroad. They 
are now carrying on a profitable business 
in X^erona. Caldwell and Little Falls, and 
the volume of their trade has become quite 

In November, 1892, John W. Slayback 
was united in marriage to Miss Nellie 
Husk, daughter of James H. Husk. He is 
a prominent and valued citizen and was 
chosen the first clerk of Verona township 
rather for his fitness for the position than 
on account of political affiliations, for he is 
independent in politics. He is a stock- 
holder and director in the Verona Club. i« 

a niemijer of Montclair Council, Royal Ar- 
canum, and also belongs to the Junior Or- 
der American Mechanics. 


is enrolled among the progressive, prac- 
tical Jjusiness men who have been the archi- 
tects of their own fortunes. He was born 
in Hunterdon county. New Jersey, August 
2j. 1861. and is a son of William Slayback. 
He spent the days of his boyhood and 
youth in \'erona and acquainted himself 
with the English branches of learning 
taught in the public schools. At the age 
of seventeen he began earning his own liv- 
ing by working at the painter's trade, and 
later he commenced to learn the business 
of type-metal engraving at No. 104 Fulton 
street. New York city. He followed that 
\ocation for five years, concluding his ser- 
vice in that line as an employee of the Sam- 
uel Crump Label Company, of Montclair. 
He was industrious, energetic and ambi- 
tious, and his faithful and able service 
brought him good wages. From this he 
managed to save a small amount, and join- 
ing his brother, they embarked in the ice 
business in Montclair. During the first few 
seasons they obtained their ice from Vero- 
na lake, and as a direct result of their man- 
ner of conducting the industry it became 
very popular, and their trade increased rap- 
idly. .\s their financial resources increased 
they extended their field of operations into 
the coal trade, subsequently added a lum- 
ber yard and also began dealing in build- 
ers' supplies. They are now dealing in 
these various conmiodities and are enjoy- 
ing a large and lucrative business. Theii" 
business methods commend them to the 
confidence of all and they have worked up 



an excellent trade, which yields them a 
good income. Three beautiful homes have 
been erected in Verona as an evidence of 
the success that has attended the efforts of 
the well known firm of Slayback Brothers, 
and in commercial circles these gentlemen 
hold a very enviable position. 

David H. Slayback is a meinber of and 
stockholder in the Verona Club, and is a 
•member of Montclair Council of the Royal 
Arcanum. He was married in Alarch, 
1893, to Miss Henrietta Grosch. daughter 
of the late William Grosch, the first manu- 
facturer of bronze in the United States. 
They have three children, — Gertrude, Hen- 
rietta and Linda. Air. and Mrs. Slayback 
are widely and favorably known in Verona 
and have the warm regard of many friends, 
who esteem them highly for their sterling 


counselor at law and master in chancery 
of Montclair, is one of New Jersey's native 
sons, his birth having occurred on a farm 
in Somerset county, in 1849. ^^^^ ances- 
tral history is one of close connection with 
the development of this state. In colonial 
days the great-grandfather, George Badg- 
ley, came to America with Lord Ireland 
and fought against the British in the war 
of the Revolution. During that sangui- 
nary struggle he was taken prisoner and 
held in captivity until peace was declared 
and American independence was estab- 
lished. The grandfather, Stephen Badg- 
ley, was a native of New Jersey, born in 
Elizabethport, and married Catharine Den- 
man, who was a lineal descendant of Sir 
Richard Townley. The father, Alfred 
Badgley, Sr., was born in this state and 

became one of the well-to-do farmers of 
Somerset county. He married Sarah 
Moore, who was born in New Jersey, as 
was her father, James Moore. Her grand- 
father was also one of the heroes of the 
war of the Revolution, and the first Amer- 
ican ancestor was Joseph Moore, who be- 
longed to the valiant band of pilgrims who 
came to the shores of New England in the 

Alfred S. Badgley thus has back of him 
an ancestry honorable and distinguished, 
and the lines of his own life have been cast 
in harmony therewith. He spent the 
great part of his youth in Somerset and 
Alorris counties, where he attended the 
common schools, while later he pursued 
his studies in Pennington Seminary, where 
he was graduated in 1869. He then went 
to Tennessee, where he read law and was 
admitted to the bar in 1873. After en- 
gaging in practice for a time he entered the 
National L'niversity in the District of Co- 
lumbia, where he was graduated with the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws, in 1884. Re- 
turning then to Tennessee, he was ap- 
pointed special examiner of the United 
States pension bureau, with headquarters 
at Bakersville, North Carolina. For two 
years he held that ofifice and upon his re- 
tirement again went to Tennessee, where 
he continued in the practice of law until 
1887, when he was admitted to the New 
Jersey bar as an attorney, and in 1890, at 
the November term of court, in Trenton, 
he was licensed to practice as a counselor. 

Locating in Montclair Mr. Badgley soon 
took rank among the ablest representatives 
of the profession there, and his ability is at- 
tested by his large clientele and the sub- 
stantial returns which he receives for his 
legal services. For the past six years he 






i:ssi:\ col \TY 

lias served as adviser and town attorney lor 
tlie town of Montclair. 

In 1860 Mr. Badglcy married Miss Mary 
J. E. Simerley. a dauf^liter of Elijah Simer- 
ley. of PIani])ton. Tennessee, and tliey now 
have three sons: Alfred C. ; Theodore J., 
who is now with his father in the law of- 
fice: and Oliver K., a student at Princeton 
University. They lost one daup^hter, 
Mary C. who dicil on the 24th of April, 

In his i)olitical views our subject is a stal- 
wart Republican, deeply interested in the 
{growth and success of his party, lie is a 
nieuiber of Montclair Lodge, Xo. 144. A. 
F. vS: A. M., in which he is past master, and 
he and his wife hold membership in the 
Methodist Episcopal church, in which he 
is serving as a member of the ofificial board. 
He is president of the local board of the 
National Building, Loan & Provident As- 
sociation, and a member of the supreme 
committee of laws and appeals of the Ini- 
prove<l Order Heptasophs. In his profes- 
sion he has attained an eminent position 
and is distinguished among his brethren at 
the bar for the provident care which he 
shows in the preparation of his cases. His 
devotion to his client's interests is prover- 
bial and his ahilitv is niarke<l. 

ROClllS ill':iXlSCH. 

Newark as a manufacturing center takes 
high rank among the cities of America, and 
the subject of this review has been an im- 
portant factor in sustaining her reputation 
in this direction. He stands at the head of 
one of her leading enterprises, and is a 
wide-awake, progressive business man, 
whose well directed efforts result not only 
in his individual prosperity but also pro- 

mote the material welfare of the commun- 

-Mr. lleinisch has always made his home 
in Newark, where his birth occurred, De- 
cember 2. 1836. He is the eldest son of 
the late Rochus Heinisch, Sr., whose repu- 
tation as a manufacturer of shears and 
scissors was world-wide. R. Heinisch, 
Sr., was born in Bohemia. .Austria, on 
the 14th of February, 1801, acquired 
an excellent etlucation and then began 
learning the trade of manufacturing sur- 
gical instruments, which he completed 
in Paris, France. His ability soon won 
him promotion to the position of foreman 
in the factory in which he was employed 
and he there remained until in the 
early "20s. when he made arrangements 
to seek a home in America. He had 
heard much of the splendid opportunities 
here afforded young men, poor but indus- 
trious, and resolved to take advantage of 
these. Crossing the Atlantic, he located in 
Brooklyn, and soon conceived the idea of 
manufacturing shears of malleable iron 
faced with steel. He was the first paten- 
tee of the tailor shears, and the first to weld 
steel to iron. He began the manufacture 
of his invention in Elizabeth, but in 1829 
came to Newark, where he established the 
business with which he was connected 
throughout his life and which grew to be 
the most extensive and important of its 
kind in the world. His chief work was the 
manufacture of tailors' shears, and his in- 
vention and manufactures proved of im- 
mense value to that class of men. Those 
previously used were of English manufac- 
ture, and the handles were most ill-shaped, 
so that the tailors called them "instruments 
of direst torture." Afterward improve- 
ments were made in the English article. 



but tlie Ileinisch invention continued to 
maintain its place in the front ranks of all 
manufactures, and to be the most extensive- 
ly used. In fact it supplanted nearly all of 
foreign manufacture, not only on this con- 
tinent but abroad, so that the business of 
manufacturing tailors' shears was largely 
suspended in England. Many new inven- 
tions have been placed on the market by 
the English manufacturers of cutlery, but 
the American product has continued in the 
lead, although hundreds of pounds were 
expended in perfecting and making an 
English shear. So marked was the su- 
periority of Mr. Heinisch's article that the 
English newspapers took up the subject 
and questioned why Shefifield — called the 
"edged-tool city" — could not produce 
something as good. This high reputation 
which the house gained has never been lost, 
and the enterprise still continues in the lead 
of shear and scissors manufacturing con- 
cerns in the world. 

Rochus Heinisch, whose name intro- 
duces this review, spent his youth in the 
public schools of Newark until fifteen years 
of age, when he was placed by his father in 
the latter's New York store, where he spent 
six years in- gaining experience in handling 
the goods made in his father's shear fac- 
tory. He entered the factory when twen- 
ty-one years of age in order to learn the 
business in its every department, and soon 
became an expert workman, capable of 
performing every detail in connection with 
the enterprise. He has since been con- 
nected with the company and upon his fa- 
ther's death he was elected to the presi- 
dency of the R. Heinisch's Sons Company, 
in which incumbency he has since been re- 
tained. Not only has he a practical knowl- 
edge of the business, but in addition he is 

a man of keen discrimination, foresight and 
sound judgment in business matters, cap- 
able of planning, devising and executing 
the right thing at the right time. He is 
progressive, enterprising and energetic, 
and carries forward to successful comple- 
tion whatever he undertakes, if honorable, 
persistent and patient effort can accom- 
plish it. 

During the ci\-il war Mr. Heinisch mani- 
fested his loyalty to the country by enlist- 
ing, in i8f)2, in the nine-months service, 
becoming a private of the Twenty-sixth 
New Jersey Infantry. He was promoted 
to the rank of second lieutenant and later 
was commissioned first lieutenant of his 
companj'. His regiment was assigned to 
the arm\- of the Potomac and saw much of 
the hard service incident to the campaigns 
in and around Fredericksburg. He votes 
with, the Republican party, and at one time 
took quite an active part in political work. 
Ho was elected from the thirteenth ward 
of Newark to the general assembly in 1871 
and in 1872, and had the honor and su- 
preme satisfaction of voting for the late 
Hon. F. T. Frelinghuysen for United 
States senator. 

Mr. Heinisch was married in Newark, 
June 29, 1868, to Miss Alice J., daughter 
of Isaac Robbins, and to them have been 
born the following children: Rush E., who 
is now secretary of the R. Heinisch's Sons 
Company; Florence, who completed her 
education and is an accomplished musician 
and expert pianist; and l^dward A., who is 
now a junior in the military academy in 
Mount Pleasant, New York. This family 
enjoys the hospitality of the best homes in 
Newark, and their own beautiful residence 
is the center of a cultured society circle. 
Mr. Heinisch is a Knight Templar Mason, 

/:ssi:\ loi \i). 

' .V? 

belonging, to Damascus Conimanfleiy. A 
leader in the world of commerce, an inte- 
gral factor in the business life of Newark, 
of pleasant, courteous manner, easily ap- 
proachable, and of un<|ucstioned honor, he 
stands to-day among the most prominent 
citizens of Newark, commanding the re- 
spect (jf young and old, rich and poor. 


f>ne of the successful business men and 
honored citizens of Caldwell, is a prominent 
representative of a pioneer family of Essex 
county. One hundred years have joined 
the march of the centuries to eternity since 
John Husk, of a respected and leading 
Dutch family, settled in this locality. The 
wiirk of development seemed scarcely be- 
gun. The settlers, in the dress of colonial 
days, carried on their labors, and laid the 
foundation for the present prosperity and 
advancement of the county. John Husk 
took up his residence u])on the farm now 
occu])ied by Mr. M(30se, and continued the 
development of his land through his re- 
maining days. He there reared his family 
of seven children, namely: Abraham; 
Ellen, who became the wife of John M. Van 
Duyne, of Morris county; Sarah, who be- 
came the wife of Henry Erancisco and 
passed her life on the Newton Canfield 
farm; Rachel, who married Lewis Estler 
and died at Boonton; Richard, who died at 
Boonton; Eliza, who married Henry Stager 
and died on the North Caldwell roatl; and 
John, who also died in the same neighbor- 

Abraham Husk, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born in 1807, anil the farm where 
his birth occurred continued his place of 
abode throughout his life. He carried on 

agricultural pursuits and lived quietly, win- 
ning the respect of all by his sterling worth. 
He married Ester, daughter of Abijah 
Crane, and to them were born the following 
children: Maria, wife of R. S. Francisco; 
James H.; Stephen; Eliza, who married Gil- 
bert A. Jacobus; Lucetta, who married 
Isaac Gillen, of Morris county; Richard; 
William, deceasetl; John, of Boonton; Al- 
fred, of Newark; Abbie. deceased wife of 
J. W. Van Duyne. of Morris county; and 
Marcus E., of Newark. The father of this 
family passed away March 4, 1S58, and the 
mother departed this life February 14, 

James H. Husk was born on the old fam- 
ily homestead, October 13, 1829, and re- 
mained on the farm until he had attaiiied 
his majority, but the work of the farm was 
distasteful to him and on reaching man's 
estate he left home, empty-handed, going 
to Boonton, where he drove a team for a 
time. For two or three years he serveil as 
a nail-cutter with the Boonton Iron Com- 
pany and was then promoted as general 
superintendent of their outdoor work. In 
1869 he entered the employ of Campbell 
Lane & Company, at ele\en dollars ])er 
week and expenses, driving a wagon and 
selling their goods through the country. 
So efficient were his services that his wages 
were increased from time to time until he 
was enabled to command a salary of twen- 
ty-five dollars per week and expenses. Dur- 
ing this time he saved a considerable sum, 
which he invested in land, and on leaving 
the road he turned his attention to farm- 
ing, but his boyhood's distaste for the work 
was still with him and he soon sold out. 
His next enterprise was the purchase of the 
Caldwell and Montclair stage line, which he 
operated from the spring of 1883 until June 



30. 1897. That proved to be a very profit- 
able investment and the returns therefrom 
placed him in a position of financial inde- 
pendence: and while he is yet in business. 
it is only as a means to avoid complete re- 
tirement. Indolence and idleness are utterly 
foreign to his nature and it is this feature 
of his character that prompts him to retain 
some business interests. 

Mr. Husk was married in Morris county. 
January 19. 1850. to Adaline. daughter of 
Nicholas Stites, and to them have been 
born the following children: Wilson: 
Maria L., wife of Marcus Bush: Jessie, de- 
ceased wife of E. M. Canfieltl. by whom she 
had two children. Bessie and John H.: 
Sarah Anna, deceased: Thomas S., who 
married Emma M. Stillwell: Nellie H.. wife 
of John Slayback: and Adaline. wife of H. 
A. Mills, of Newark. 

Mr. Husk is a self-made man. whose en- 
terprise, industry and resolute purpose 
have been the stepping-stones on which he 
has risen from an humble position to one 
of affluence. His labors have been reward- 
ed l)y a \-ery desirable capital, which has 
been so worthily won that it places him 
above envy. Few men in the county are 
more widely known than Mr. Husk and 
none more faxoral)]}- so. for he is uniformly 


The ancestry of the gentleman whose 
name initiates this paragraph is traced back 
tfi the old Dutch emigrants who took up 
Ihcir abode on Manhattan Island at an early 
day, and who is a blood relative of Anneke 
Jans, whose name has attained consider- 
able note in connection with the suit in- 
stituted by her heirs to recover property 

owned by Trinity church in New York city. 

Mr. Dey was born in Caldwell township, 
New Jersey, on the 31st of July, 1842, and 
is a son of Henry and Susan (Berry) Dey, 
the latter being a daughter of Martin Berry. 
Henry Dey was born in 1819, and followed 
farming as his vocation in life, his father, 
Cornelius Dey, being the keeper of Dey's 
Hotel, which is now the residence of our 
sul)ject. Cornelius was born near "the two 
bridges" in Morris county, and was a son 
of Colonel Richard Dey, an officer in the 
colonial army during the Revolutionary 
war. Cornelius died about the year 1873, 
at the achanced age of se\'entv-eight. and 
Henry departed this life in 1882. 

Samuel Dey attained to years of maturity 
on the old homestead, where he resided 
until his marriage, when he settled at the 
junction of the F'ine Brook and Paterson 
roads. He learned the hatter's trade in 
Orange. New Jersey, with Charles Hedden, 
and followed the same for a period of five 
years and then returned to the farm, where 
he has since remained. He owns fifty-five 
acres of fertile land and has devoted his 
entire time and attention to its skillful and 
successful management, and is recognized 
throughout the county as one of the pro- 
gressive and prosi)erous agriculturists of 
the state. He has acquired some reputation 
as a worker in the interests of the Demo- 
cratic party, having served on the town 
committee, besides which he has been a 
freeholder for Caldwell. The postoffice of 
Fairfield is located in his residence. 

The marriage of Mr. Dey was solemnized 
in 1865, when he became united to Miss 
Ellen I'ush. a daughter of Nicholas Bush, 
and the children of this union are: Leslie, 
of Newark, and Cornelius. 

The other children born to Henrv and 

i:ssi:\' (■<)( \ TV. 


Susan Dey were: Jolin R., of Newark: 
Cornelius; and Mary, wlio is the widow of 
George W'. W'inans. 


a prominent and influential citizen of Essex 
county, was born in the township of Cald- 
well on the 2ist of August, 1840, and with 
the exception of a temporary absence in the 
early '60s he has resided continuously on 
the old homestead, which he now owns. 
He is a son of Henry Dey and a great- 
grandson of Colonel Richard Dey, a gallant 
soldier in the American Revolution. 

True to the spirit that infused the breasts 
of his ancestors, Mr. Dey enlisted, during 
the second year of the civil war, in Com- 
pany D, Twenty-second New Jersey \'ol- 
unteer Infantry, for nine months, and was 
under the immediate command of Captain 
Bush, with DeCamp as colonel of the regi- 
ment, which was sent into the very heart of 
the Confederacy, where it participated in 
severe, active service during the limited 
time it was out in the field. Among the 
engagements in which it took part were 
the Rappahannock campaign and the bat- 
tles of Seven Pines and Fredericksburg, 
and the work performed therein by the 
"boys of the Twenty-second" gave to them 
an experience never to be forgotten. After 
a year's faithful, efficient service in defend- 
ing the Union, Mr. Dey was honorably dis- 
charged and soon thereafter he went to 
Nashville, where he engaged in the carpen- 
ter's trade, returning to his home in 1865. 

Mr. Dey was united in marriage to Miss 
Nellie Sigler, and the three following chil- 
dren were born of this union : Jessie, 
Gracie and Helen. 

In his political atifiliation Mr. Dey is an 

uncompromising Republican and has ren- 
dered valuable service to his party as a 
member of the executive committee. In 
respect to religion he was converted early 
in life to the doctrines of the Reformed 
church. He possesses a farm comprising 
one hundred acres in extent, and is one 
of the thrifty, progressive and greatly re- 
spected men of the township. 


who is now living retired from active busi- 
ness cares at his pleasant home in Caldwell, 
on Campbell avenue, was born in this place, 
September 16, 1840, and is a representative 
of one of the old Dutch families of Essex 
county. His grandfather was Garrett Van- 
derhoof. who located at Fairfield. New Jer- 
sey, and married Mary Masker. He was 
a soldier in the war of 1812, and his ances- 
tors were participants in the war of the 

Abraham \'anderhoof, tlie father of our 
subject, was born in Caldwell, November 
8, 1 81 5, and married Ann Welshman, a 
daughter of lulwaril Welshman, who was 
born in county Down, Ireland, and em- 
igrated to the United States in 1802, be- 
coming the owner of a large tract of land 
in Rockland county. New York. He mar- 
ried Jane Kemp, of that county. Mr. and 
Mrs. \'anderhoof had a family of six chil- 
dren, in order of birth as follows : George 
H.: William M.: Edward J.: Addie J., wife 
of Benjamin Kent; Emma T., wife of Leon- 
ard Meddler; and Cecelia S., wife of David 
Campbell, of Newark. 

The subject of this review, George H. 
\'anderhoof, acquired his education in the 
schools of Caldwell, and before attaining 
his majority learned the carpenter's trade 



in Newark. In 1862 he manifested his loy- 
alty to the government by enlisting in the 
Second Regiment, District of Columbia, 
which was the first regiment that went out 
from the capital. For three years he faith- 
fully served his country, following the old 
flag in many hotly contested engagements, 
including the second battle of Bull Run and 
the battle of Antietam. With his command 
he was also sent against General Early in 
the Shenandoah valley campaign, and in 
other engagements and movements dis- 
played his fidelity to the Union cause 
through three years' arduous service. 

When the war was ended and the coun- 
try no longer needed his services, Mr. Van- 
derhoof returned home and engaged in con- 
tracting in Newark, where for more than a 
quarter of a century he was identified with 
that industry, making a specialty of stair- 
building, which requires peculiar skill and 
ability. He executed contracts not only in 
Newark, but also in surrounding cities and 
in New York and Pennsylvania, and had 
a very extensive patronage, which brought 
to him a handsome remuneration. With 
the capital that he had acquired through his 
own efiforts, he retired to private life in the 
summer of 1897, and, locating at his birth- 
place, Caldwell, he is there, amid many 
friends, enjoying the fruits of his former 

Air. V;uulerhoof has been twice married. 
He first wedded Emma T., daughter of 
William Cole, of Pine Brook, who died in 
1878, leaving one child. Daisy B. In 1888 
Mr. Vanderhoof was again married, his sec- 
ond union being with Miss Jessie Davey, a 
daughter of Edward Davey, of Halifax, 
Nova Scotia. Their children are George 
H. and Stella M. 

Devotion to all the duties of public and 

also of private life has characterized the ca- 
reer of Mr. Vanderhoof, whose honor in 
business, fidelity in public affairs, loyalty in 
war and geniality and kindliness in social 
circles, have won him the regard of all with 
whom he has been brought in contact. 

William M. Vanderhoof, brother of the 
subject of the foregoing sketch, also enlist- 
ed in the war for the Union as a member of 
the Twenty-sixth Regiment of New Jersey 
Volunteers. Participating in a charge on 
Sunday, July 3, at Chancellorsville, he re- 
ceived a gunshot wound in his right knee, 
was taken prisoner, had to sufifer an ampu- 
tation of his leg, and at length was ex- 
changed, when he returned home. He went 
to Seneca Falls, New York, where by his 
own exertions he gained considerable prop- 
erty, and now owns and conducts a large 
store in the line of general merchandise. 


principal of the Caldwell public schools, is 
one of the leading and successful educators 
of this section of the state, and his progres- 
sive methods, scholarly attainments and 
faculty of imparting clearly and readily to 
others the knowledge he has acquired, has 
given him a prestige in the profession that 
is indeed enviable. 

Professor Hedden was born in Orange, 
New Jersey, November 8, 185b, and is de- 
scended from one of the oldest families of 
Essex county, nearly two centuries having 
passed since Joseph and Caleb Hedden, 
brothers, came to New Jersey from the 
Connecticut colony. Essex county then 
embraced every county which now touches 
its boundaries. Joseph Hedden located in 
East Orange, and his son, Abial Hedden, 
who also made iiis home there, became a 



prominent stone-cutter and aided in the 
construction of the forts of Castle Garden 
and LaFayette. He married Maria, daugh- 
ter of Enos Baldwin, a representative of one 
of the earliest families of Newark, the old 
Baldwin homestead comprising the site 
now occupied by the county jail. Both the 
Hedden and Baldwin families furnished 
soldiers to the colonial army in the war of 
the American Revolution and otherwise 
took an impt)rtant part in foundiuij the 

Elijah Hedden. a son of Abial and Maria 
(Baldwin) Hedden, was born in 1778 and 
died in 1873. He resided at the old family 
homestead, which was located in Roseville 
near the junction of Orange and Warren 
streets, and on that place all the members 
of the early branch of the family were prob- 
ably born. John S. Hedden. of \'erona. 
father of our subject, first opened his eyes 
to the light of day in 1831, and in his 
youth learned the shoemaker's trade, which 
he followed in his native city during the 
time that occupation was the leading indus- 
try of the people of Orange. On leaving 
the place of his birth he came to Caldwell 
township, settling in Verona, and has been 
a leading man in its public affairs, now 
serving as its tax collector. He married 
Harriet Munn. daughter of Jotham Munn. 
She tlied in November. 1S56. leaving one 
son. Clarence E.. then only a few days old. 
For his second wife the father chose Sarah 
Pryor. daughter of Lemuel Jacobus, and 
their children are Edward. Harry. Nellie 
and Leon. 

This work would be incomplete without 
the life record of Clarence E. Hedden, who 
has been so prominently connected with 
the educational interests of the county, and 
who is so worthy a representative of an 

honored pioneer family. He spent his boy- 
hood days in the home of his paternal 
grandfather and attended Mr. Noll's pri- 
vate school, which was conducted in what 
is now Lindsley's stable, in Caldwell. He 
afterward pursued his studies in the schools 
of \'erona and later was a pupil in the 
Montclair schools, being a member of the 
first high-school class and the first one to 
graduate at that institution, the year of the 
graduation being 1874. Of studious nature 
and anxious for advancement along educa- 
tional lines, he was next sent to Amherst 
College, where he was graduated four years 

Immediately afterward Professor Hed- 
den began teaching, being employed in the 
schools of West Orange for one year. In 
1879 he came to Caldwell to accept the 
position of principal and has since remained 
at the head of the school system in this 
place. On his arrival he found an ordinary 
grannnar school of five grades, since which 
time he has doubled the grades, raised the 
standard to that of "an approved high 
school" and otherwise increased its effi- 
ciencv as an educational institution. Few 
men in the county have been more promi- 
nently identified with the furtherance of 
educational interests in Essex county than 
he. Progressive and keenly alive to the 
needs in our public-school systems, he has 
put forth every efTort in his power to meet 
these needs and to secure higher standards 
in the schools throughout the locality. His 
own interest and enthusiasm have inspired 
i>thers and the benefit of his labors is in- 

Professor Hedden was one of the orig- 
inal members of the County Teachers' As- 
sociation, was for two years its secretary 
and treasurer, and for the same period 



served as its president, also for two terms 
chairman of its executive committee. He 
has also been a member of the High-School 
Principals' Association, and in 1896 was a 
member of the County Schoolmasters" As- 

In 1 88 1 Professor Hedden was married, 
in \'erona. to ^Nliss Sarah ?\[. Ha_ves, daugh- 
ter of Rev. J. L. Hayes. In 1885 he was 
called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, 
who died, leaving one child, Earle. In Au- 
gust. 1887. he was again married, his sec- 
ontl tmion being with Aliss Anna Condit, 
daughter of Edmund Condit. of West 
Orange. He is a member of the Verona 
Alethodist church, and both he and his wife 
hold an enviable position in social circles, 
enjoying the hospitality of the best homes 
in this ])art of the county. 


of the lirm of H. K. & T. S. Benson, suc- 
cessors to the late Samuel Benson, manu- 
facturers of sheet and rolled brass. Glen 
Ridge. Xew Jersey, is one of the represen- 
tative business men of this place. Personal 
mention of him and the family of which 
he is a member is therefore ajipropriate in 
this work, and to it we now turn. 

Samuel Benson, the fountler of the Glen 
Ridge Brass Rolling Mill, was born in 
Bethlehem. Xew York, a son of William 
Benson, also a native of that state. The 
latter's father was a Hollander by birth and 
had emigrated to this country in early life. 

William Benson and family moved to 
Belleville, Xew Jersey, from Bethlehem, 
Xew York, when Samuel Benson was quite 
young, and at Belleville he grew up to 
manhood, receiving his education in that 
place. In 1832 he came to Bloomfield. 

Xew Jerse\-. and entered into business 
with James G. Moffet and engaged in the 
manufacture of sheet brass and other met- 
als, the plant being located on the old turn- 
pike between Bloomfield and West Bloom- 
field. In 1852 he built a new mill and en- 
tered into the refining and rolling of sheet 
silver for platers' use. which he continued 
successfully for several years. In 1863 he 
disposed of this business to Peter Hayden. 
of Xew York city, and continued with him 
in the management of the business until 
1S75, when he retired from business. 

In 1878 he built the present mill, located 
in the borough of Glen Ridge, and he con- 
tinued in business here until the time of 
his death, which occurred in 1882. A man 
of honest industry, sterling integrity and 
business ability, he made a success in life, 
and left to his sons a fine business and the 
heritage of a good name. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Margaret King, was 
born in Xew Jersey and was a daughter of 
Henry King. 

Henry K. Benson was reared principally 
in Bloomfield township, Essex county, 
Xew Jersey, receiving his education in the 
common schools and later attending a 
boarding and day school taught by the 
Re\-. E. Seymour, a noted educator and a 
Hiative of this county. 

.\t the age of seventeen the youth en- 
tered the rolling mill to assist his father, 
commencing at the bottom and thus be- 
coming familiar with every detail of the 
work. He remained with his father until 
the latter's death, after which he carried on 
the business in his own name until 1887. 
The mill was then renovated, new and im- 
proved machinerj' was put in, making it 
first-class in every respect. 

In 1888 he admitted to the firm his 


i:ssi:\ (ill \ry. 


brotlier, I*Vank S. Benson. Tlicy do a 
general business in siieet and rolled brass, 
making specialties of silver-plated metal, 
plates, granulated and annode silver, en- 
gravers' etching, electric and foil-copper, 
silver-solder. German silver, platers' brass 
and oroide and music engravers' plates and 
all kinds of job rolling. This work is tlone 
by a Corliss engine of one hundred twenty- 
fi\e horse-po\ver. and they employ twenty 

Mr. Henry K. Benson was marricil in 
1868 to Miss Theresa H. \\'atson. of Mid- 
dletown, Connecticut, a daughter of Ar- 
nold Watson. Mr. and Mrs. Benson have 
a son and a daughter. — Harry W. and 
Helen F. Benson. 

Mr. Benson is one of the most enterpris- 
ing and progressive men of his town, and 
has at heart its best interests. In many 
ways, aside from the important business 
"above referred to. is his name connected 
with the history of Bloomfield. In 1882 
and 1883 he served as a member of the 
town council. 

He is at this writing the secretary of the 
Board of Health of Glen Ridge. He 
helped to organize the Bloomfield National 
I5ank. and was a director of the same for 
several years. Politically he is a firm ad- 
herent to the principles advocated by the 
Republican party. 

c.M'T. .AMi'.kosi-: .\i. M.\'rTiii:\\s. 

"Peace hath its victories, no less re- 
nowned than war." said Sumner, and this 
fact has been proved often and again as 
the march of progress has continued with 
ever accelerating speed. But the crucial 
period anil the one that evokes the most 
exalted patriotism is that when a nation's 

honor is menaced, its integrity threatened 
and the great ethic principles of right in- 
volved. Then is sterling manhood rouseil 
to definite protest and decisive action, and 
above all the tumult and horror of interne- 
cine contlict never can greater honor be 
paid than to him who aids in holding high 
the -Standard which represents the deeper 
principles of liberty, hurling oppression 
l)ack and keeping the boon of liberty. The 
military career of the subject of this review 
is one which will ever redound to his honor 
as a loyal and devoted son of the republic, 
and as one whose courage was that of his 
convictions, and yet one who was content 
to fight for principle and for his country's 
righteous cause rather than for mere glory 
in arms or relative precedence. In touch- 
ing the history of Essex county, or indeed 
that of the state, there is eminent propriety 
in according representation to Captain 
Matthews, not alone by reason of the part 
he has jilayed in its civil and military af- 
fairs, but on the score that his ancestral his- 
tory is part and parcel of the record which 
tells the tale of progress, of stalwart patri- 
otism in each succeeding generation and of 
that integrity of ])urpose which has con- 
ser\ed the stable i)rosperity of the nation. 
We cannot do better in this connection 
than to make consecutive excerpt from a 
review of our subject's career as recently 
l)ublished in a history of the Oranges : 

"The development of the hereditary 
traits of Captain Matthews, for which his 
ancestors, who were among the founders, 
as well as the defenders of the republic, 
were cons])icuous. is due in a great measure 
to the events connected with the civil war. 
The discipline incident to army life, the per- 
sonal courage, self-reliance and unselfish 
devotion to the cause he espoused, were 



among the personal traits developed that 
led subsequently to his successful business 
career and inspired confidence in his fellow 
citizens, who were not unmindful of the 
debt of gratitude thev owed him for his 
faithful service to his country in her hour of 
need. On Saturday, the 13th of April, 
1 861, was fired the first gun which pro- 
claimed the secession of the southern states 
from the Union, and on Simdav thereafter 
a proclamation of President Lincoln sum- 
moned the militia of the republic, to the 
number oi sevent\'-fi\'e thousand, to as- 
semble and execute its insulted laws. In 
response thereto Ambrose ]\I. Matthews, 
on the loth of ]^Iay following, entered 
the ranks of the Union army as a private, 
rose to the rank of captain, and served con- 
tinuously from the first important battle of 
the war to the surrender of the entire Con- 
federate armies untler Lee and Johnson. 
The important ser\"ice he rendered in- 
cluded the campaigns and battles of the 
Army of the I'otomac from first Bull Run 
until October, 1S63: the campaign of 
General Grant, which held fast to Tennes- 
see and in four great battles completely de- 
feated tlie rebel generals, Bragg and Long- 
street; the campaign which, from Chat- 
tanooga to Atlanta, after many battles, all 
of which were victorious, capturetl Atlanta; 
Sherman's campaign from Atlanta to the 
sea. the capture of Savannah, Georgia; the 
campaign through the Carolinas, which 
virtually captured Charleston, South Caro- 
lina; the final campaign of General Sher- 
man, which, after Lee's surrender, com- 
pelled the surrender of (aenera! Johnston 
and all armed foes of the federal go\ern- 

"Caiitain .M;itthe\\s had the honor to 
belong to the First New Jersey Brigade, 

which was the First Brigade of the First 
Division. First Corps of the Army of the 
Potomac, for fifteen months, and it was 
commanded by General Phil Kearney; in 
the Richmond campaign of McClellan it 
became the First Brigade. First Divrsion of 
the Sixth Corps, and so continued until the 
close of the war. He also had the honor 
to belong to a brigade composed of the 
Second Massachusetts, Third \\'isconsin, 
Twenty-Seventh Lidiana, Thirteenth New 
Jerse}-, One Hundred and Seventh and 
r)ne Hun4red and Fiftieth New York, First 
Division, Twelfth Corps, and commanded 
successively by Generals George H. Gor- 
don. Thomas H. Ruger, Silas Colgrove and 
others. It is a matter of record that these 
two brigades had no superiors in the great 
armies to which they belonged. These 
commands ser-\'ed in the historic Army of 
the Potomac until after the battle of Get- 
tysburg, and then the Eleventh and Twelfth 
Corps consolidated with the Twentieth 
Corps and joined the Army of the Cumber- 
land, and formed a part of the great army 
of General Sherman, comprising the Army 
of the Tennessee and the Army of Ohio, 
and afterward, as the Army of Georgia and 
the Tennessee, marched through Georgia 
and the Carolinas, and finally, by way of 
Richmond, over the battlefields of \'irginia 
to the national capitol at Washington. 

"During the first \"irginia campaign Pri- 
vate Matthews took part, as a member of 
Company G, Second New Jersey \'olun- 
teers. in the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 
1861 ; West Point, Virginia, May 7-8, 1862; 
Mechanicsville. Gaines' Mills, Golding's 
Farm; Frazier's Farm; Charles City Cross 
Roads; Malvern Hill, Virginia, including 
the Seven Days Fight. After these en- 
gagements he was discharged, at the re- 



quest of Governor Olden, of New Jersey, 
for the purpose of assisting in raising a new 
regiment. Owing to the difficulty of ob- 
taining the requisite number of men in 
Orange to complete the quota of the com- 
pany, it became necessan*- to consolidate 
with those enlisted at JMontclair, and Mr. 
Matthews offered to enlist again as a pri- 
vate, in order to secure the promotion of 
one of his friends. He consented, however, 
to accept the jiosition of second lieutenant 
of Company E, Thirteenth Regiment, New 
Jersey \'olunteers, and was promoted first 
lieutenant of Company K, on September 
17. 1862 (date of battle of Antietam), and 
was commissioned captain of Company I, 
November i, 1862. After his re-enlistment 
and promotion he participated with the 
Army of the Potomac in the battles of 
Antietam. First Fredericksburg, Chancel- 
lorsville and Gettysburg; after the last- 
named engagement was transferred to the 
Army of the Cumberland with the Twelfth 
Corps. This was afterward consolidated 
with the Eleventh Corps, forming the 
Twentieth Corps, and with it he took part 
in the battles of Wauhatchie, Tennessee; 
Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, 
Resaca. Cassville. Dallas, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, Marietta, Pine Knob, Gulp's Farm. 
Chattahoochie, River Crossing, Nance's 
Creek. Peach Tree Creek and Atlanta. 
Georgia (.July 22, 1864), siege and capture 
of Atlanta; Sherman's march to the sea, 
including capture of Milledgeville, the capi- 
tal; Montieth Swamp, near Savannah; cap- 
ture of Argyle Island, and also the move- 
ment to enemy's rear in South Carolina, 
by General Ruger's Brigade; capture of 
Savannah; campaign of the Carolinas, in- 
cluding battles of Averysboro, Bentonville, 
North Carolina; Goldsboro, North Caro- 

lina; capture of Raleigh an(j surrender of 
General Johnston's army. In all there were 
represented forty battles, besides 'affairs' 
and skirmishes, among the latter being in- 
cluded the approach to Atlanta, at which 
time the First Division of the Twentieth 
Army Corps, with which Captain Matthews 
was connected, was for one hundred con- 
secutive days under fire. At the battle of 
Antietam, Maryland, Captain Matthews 
was wounded in the left leg, by a grape 
shot, but did not leave the field; he re- 
ceived a flesh wound in the face at Chancel- 
lorsville, Virginia, and was wounded in the 
left arm at the battle of Resaca, Georgia. 
He was one of the officers specially men- 
tioned at the battle of Chancellorsville for 
■gallantry, coolness and efficiency on the 
battle field.' 

"It is a noteworthy fact that Captain 
Matthews was one of the ofiicers who, at 
the close of the war, declined to make an 
application for a brevet in excess of the 
commission he held, the reasons for which 
are apparent. While in active service a 
brevet rank is an honor justly appreciated 
by those who have won distinction on the 
battle field. At the close of the war, how- 
ever, it became an empty honor, and could 
be had for the asking, and although it was 
conferred on many deserving ones, 'for 
gallant and meritorious service,' it is well 
known that many worthy ofticers declined 
to ask for that which thev knew they were 
justly entitled to. Such ofiicers resent only 
the implied superior claim of the brevets to 
a distinction greater than their own, while 
as a fact they take issue with and ever 
maintain that it is unjust to the greater 

"A retrospective view of the events con- 
nected with Captain Matthews' military 



career shows 'what might have been.' 
When President Lincoln called for one 
hundred thousand \-olunteers to serve for 
three years, a company was within a few 
days organized in Orange. an<l it was ex- 
pected that it would be attached to either 
the First. Secontl or Third Regiments of 
the First New Jersey Brigade, but as each 
regiment had already received its full c^uota 
this company was not accepted. It was 
commanded by Captain Owen Murphy, a 
generous-hearted Irishman, who had seen 
several years' service as captain of the 
Columbia O'Brien Rifles, a local military 
company, ami had maintained its organiza- 
tion until it was accepted, in July, 1861, as 
one of the companies of the Seventy-First 
New York Regiment, Excelsior Brigade, 
raised by Daniel E. Sickles, subsequently 
major-general conmianding the Third 
Corps of the Army of the Potomac. In 
this company young Matthews was offered 
the position of first lieutenant. He modest- 
ly declined the honor, however, for, as he 
said, 'having no military training, he might 
make a poor private, but could not hope to 
be a good officer.' The offer was several 
times renewed, up to the month of May, 
1862, but he invariably declined for the 
reason stated. Every regiment connected 
with the Excelsior Brigade made a brilliant 
record, and none more so than the Seventy- 
First. What might have been the record 
of Private Matthews had he been influenced 
by motives of personal ambition, instead of 
modestly refusing because of liis unfitness 
for the position, it is difficult to conjecture. 
It simjily shows the s|)irit of unselfish, de- 
voted patriotism which animated the yoimg 
men who filled the ranks of the Armies of 
the Potomac, the Cumberland and of the 
Tennessee — steadfast, faithful, undaunted. 

never discouraged and never acknowledg- 
ing defeat, and which at last forced the 
armies of Lee into the last ditch at Ap- 
pomattox, and compelled the surrender of 
Johnston in North Carolina, where Captain 
Matthews was then serving with General 

This was the faith that made faithful, and 
there can be no less a tribute of honor paid 
these brave men who served for the sake 
of their country alone, with no thought of 
self-aggrandizement or personal glory, 
than to those who gained the higher dis- 
tinctions of office and perhaps greater in- 
dividual precedence. His military career is 
but one exemplification of the sturdy, un- 
flinching, noble characteristics which have 
made men honor and respect Captain 
Matthews in all the relations of life — such 
a sterling manhood can never be less than 
true to itself, and thus true to all that goes 
to make for the deeper humanitarianism, 
The safety of the republic depends not so 
much upon measures and methods as upon 
that manhood from whose deep sources all 
that is precious and permanent in life must 
at last proceed. 

Ambrose Meeker Matthews has the dis- 
tinction of being a native son of that sec- 
tion of New Jersey in which practically his 
entire life has been spent and in which he 
has labored to goodly ends. He was born 
in Orange. New Jersey, on the 21st of Sep- 
tember, 1836, the son of John H. and Elima 
(Meeker) Matthews, representine promi- 
nent old ])ioneer families of the state and 
nation. On lioth sides the Captain's an- 
cestors were not only among the founders 
of Orange, but records extant show them 
to have had valiant representatives among 
the patriot soldiers in the war of the Revo- 
lution. William Matthews, great-grand- 



fatlier of our siil)ject. was a niemlier of 
Captain Cornelius Williams' company. Sec- 
ond Ivegiment, Essex; was discharged Sep- 
tcniher 13, 1777. having received at Second 
River wounds which resulted in his death. 
Simeon Harrison, the great-great-grand- 
father of Captain Matthews on his father's 
side, was a descendant of Richard Harrison, 
and was the immediate ancestor of the late 
Calel) Harrison and his son Simeon Harri- 
son, both of whom were known to many 
of the older inhabitants of Orange in the 
present generation. Eiima (Meeker) Mat- 
thews, mother of the Captain, was born 
in 1 810, being the daughter of Abraham 
P. Meeker, whose father, Thomas, served 
in the French and Indian war, having been 
with Wolfe in the battle of Quebec, and 
having been an active participant in the war 
of the Revolution, serving from its begin- 
ning until victory had been achieved by the 
Ctintinental forces and independence was 
established. The Meeker family came orig- 
inally from Connecticut and settled in the 
F'assaic valley of New Jersey. The Cap- 
tain's honored father, a man of notable 
business ability and utmost integrity, died 
in the year 1873, having been survived for 
many years by liis wife, who has attained 
tlie venerable age of eighty-eight years. 

Ambrose Matthews grew up under the 
refining influences of a cultured home, re- 
ceiving his educational discipline in the 
schools of Alonzo Brackett and Rev. Peter 
Stocking, of his native town. After leav- 
ing school he found employment in his 
father's hat factory, representing a line of 
iiuhistry which has brought Orange into 
wide repute. At the age of eighteen years 
he became a member of the firm of John 
II. Matthews & Company, having become 
familiar with the processes of manufacture 

and having won this recognition by faith- 
ful endeavor. He continued to be actively 
associated with the enterprise until the out- 
break of the Rebellion, during the progress 
of which his interests and connections with 
the business were held intact, so that at the 
close of the war he resumed his business 
association with his father. Within the fol- 
lowing year he became as.sociated with 
James and Charles Gardiner in the coal 
business in Orange, under the firm name 
of Gardiner & Matthews, subsequently pur- 
chasing his ])artner's interest in the enter- 
prise, which he has since continued in con- 
nection with other business operations of 
importance. He has been intimately iden- 
tified with the growth and substantial de- 
\elopment of Orange during the past years 
and has never abated his interest in all that 
conserves the stable prosperity of the place 
of his nativity. The Captain was one of 
those concerned in the organization of the 
Second National Bank of Orange, in 1892, 
and became and has continued its presi- 
dent. He was president of the New Jersey 
Coal Exchange, and has served as presi- 
dent of the Orange Board of Trade and in 
other positions of similar preferment. He 
is known as one of the leaders and most 
zealous promoters of all public 
and his influence and efifective aid are ever 
to be counted upon in connection with any 
legitimate undertaking. 

The Captain retains the most lively con- 
cern in all that touches the welfare of his 
old comrades in arms, whose ranks are 
l)eing rapidly decimated by the encroach- 
ments of time, and he is ever ready to recall 
the kindlier associations of that crucial 
epoch in our national history with which he 
was so closely identified as a soldier of the 
Union. He is a member of the most prom- 



incnt \eteran military organizations of the 
country. In 1878 he assisted in organizing 
Uzal Dodd Post, G. A. R., of Orange, and 
became its first commander, the post retain- 
ing among its members men of distinctive 
prominence in civil as well as military life. 
In this connection a distinguished honor 
was conferred upon this post and upon 
Captain Matthews in 1890, when he was 
chosen commander of the New Jersey state 
department of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public. At this juncture it is pertinent that 
we refer to a certain event by quoting from 
the article to which we have previously had 
recourse: "The city of Orange alone in 
New Jersey enjoys the distinction of having 
had the Society of the Army of the Poto- 
mac as its guests, which important event 
occurred in 1889. The reunion was one 
of the most successful ever held by the 
society, and among the participants on that 
occasion were Governor Robert S. Green, 
accompanied by both brigades of the Na- 
tional Guards, and many military ofilicers 
and civilians of national reputation. A 
grand review of the military and Grand 
Army of the Republic took place, and on 
the following day an excursion to West 
Point, where they were received by the 
officer in command of the West Point Mili- 
tary Academy. The success of this affair 
was largely due to Captain Matthews, 
chairman of the committee of arrange- 
ments, and in recognition of his services 
on this occasion he was tendered a public 
dinner by his fellow citizens of Orange, 
which was second in importance only to 
the great public event over which he had 
the honor to preside." The Captain is 
prominently identified with the Society of 
the Sixth and Twelfth Army Corps, the 
Kearny Brigade Association, the Second 

Regiment Veteran Association, the Thir- 
teenth Regiment Veteran Association, the 
Society of the Army of the Potomac, the 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, 
the New York Commandery of the Mili- 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States, the Society of the Sons of 
the Revolution, and is a member of various 
other fraternal and social organizations, 
including Corinthian Lodge of Free and 
Accepted Masons, the New England So- 
ciety of Orange, the Essex County Riding 
Club, Orange Club, etc. In politics he is 
an uncompromising Republican, and in re- 
ligious affiliations he was originally a mem- 
ber of the Valley Congregational church, 
from which he transferred his membership 
to the Hillside Presbyterian church at the 
time of its organization, being made one 
of its trustees at this time and having been 
chosen its treasurer in 1891. No man en- 
joys in a greater degree and more specifi- 
cally the confidence and esteem of the com- 
munity, and this unmistakable popularity 
has been but a logical result. 

In the year 1865 was consummated the 
marriage of Captain Matthews to Miss 
Mary E. Harrison, daughter of Ira Harri- 
son, a descendant in the eighth generation 
of Richard Harrison, one of the founders of 
Newark. Two sons and two daughters 
were the issue of this union, of whom the 
following survive: Alfred Harrison, treas- 
urer of the A. M. Matthews Companv; 
Amy C, and Agnes M. 


a market gardener of Fairfield, whose en- 
terprise in affairs of business is bringing 
him good financial returns, was born on the 
7th of October, 1868, on the farm which 



is now liis home. His grandfather was 
Abraham Husk, one of the old-time resi- 
dents of the county. His father, William 
Husk, was l)orn in iiS4i, and after attain- 
ing his majority was united in marriage to 
Rachel A. Jacobus, a daughter of Thomas 
G. and Emeline (Vanderhoof) Jacobus. Her 
father was born in Caldwell township in 
18 1 5 and made carpentering his life work. 
His father was a representative of one of 
the earliest families of Essex county. Not 
long after his marriage William Husk re- 
moved with his young wife to the west and 
spent three years in Iowa. He returned to 
his native heath in 187 1, and during the 
later years of his life was prominently con- 
nected with public affairs and with the 
management of the interests of the town, 
serving as a member of the committee for 
five years, in which time he labored ear- 
nestly and effectively for the welfare of the 
town. His political support was given the 
Mr. and Mrs. William Husk were the par- 
ents of two children, Frank and Estella, the 
latter the wife of Charles De Baun, of Fair- 
field. The father died in 1889, but the 
mother is still living, a resident of Fairfield. 
I'pon his death, the duty of caring for the 
family devolved upon our subject, Frank 
Husk, the only son, who fell readily into 
the management of the affairs of the home- 
stead and has demonstrated his capacity as 
a successful market gardener. His educa- 
tion was obtained in the common schools 
of the neighborhood, and from his early 
youth he served as his father's assistant in 
the management of the home place. He is 
now extensively engaged in the raising of 
all kinds of vegetables and finds a ready 
market for his products in the neighboring 
cities. The excellent quality of his produce 

and his thorough understanding of the 
business has enabled him to supply his cus- 
tomers with what they desire in his line, and 
his patronage is now extensive and remu- 

In April, 1888, Mr. Husk was joined in 
wedlock to Miss Lottie, a daughter of Peter 
J. \'anderhoof, and they now have five chil- 
dren: Jesse T., Lula V., Alfa M., Leroy 
N.. and Francis E. 


of Caldwell, is the present representative 
of one of the early families in Essex county, 
and was born on the i6th of September, 
1854, the son of Thomas J. and Rachel 
(Van Ness) Stager, the latter a daughter 
of Isaac Van Ness. Thomas J. Stager was 
born in Caldwell township in 1807, and in 
early life followed the trade of builder, but 
passed the last years of his life upon a farm, 
where he died in 1891. His father, John 
Stager, who, it is believed, was also a na- 
tive of this county, was a descendant of 
German parents. To Mr. and Mrs. Stager 
were born the following children : Eliza, 
who became the wife of Moses \'an Ness; 
John H.; Maria, the wife of Nicholas Dob- 
bins; Martha, who married Artemus Zeliff ; 
Rachel, the wife of John Millage: Corne- 
lius, and Lemuel. All the children, includ- 
ing our subject, were reared on the old 
homestead, which is now in the possession 
of Lemuel, and were given such literary ed- 
ucation as could be obtained at the primi- 
tive school of the district. 

Lemuel Stager remained with his parents 
and aided in the management and cultiva- 
tion of the farm until they were called to 
their eternal rest, when he became owner of 
the property. On the i6th of August, 



1875, lis ^'^"^s united in marriage to Miss 
Mary A., daughter of Levi Mains, of Mor- 
ris county. New Jersey, and their children 
were: Joseph, Levi, Viola, Jennie, Pres- 
ton. Clarence, Lemuel and Flora. 

The Stager family is identified with the 
Republican party on all political issues, but 
the members are in no sense office-seekers, 
preferring rather the independence that is 
assured in the successful management and 
control of interests entirely private. 


whose eminent position in financial circles 
and prominence in public life demand for 
him distinctive recognition in the history 
of Essex county, is descended from an an- 
cestry long and jjrominently connected 
with the republic. The family had its ori- 
gin in England, and sixteen years after the 
landing of the pilgrims of the Mayflower 
at Plymouth Rock, the first of the name in 
America braved the dangers incident to an 
ocean voyage at that day and founded a 
home in that district of our land to which 
was given the name of the mother country. 
All through the colonial epoch the repre- 
sentatives of the name were prominent in 
shaping those events which constitute the 
distinctive annals of the nation, and on 
many of the higher planes of life they at- 
tained marked prestige. Dr. Ebenezer 
Rockwood, grandfather of our subject, was 
a Harvard graduate of the class of 1773 
and was a surgeon in the Continental army 
in the war of the Revolution. At the close 
of his service he located in Wilton, New 
Hampshire, where he not only attained 
eminence in liis profession, but became 
highly inHucntial in all affairs, civil and re- 
ligious. -At the ripe old age of eighty-four 

years he passed away, mourned by the en- 
tire community, but the impress of his 
strong individuality still remains upon the 
public life of the Granite state. 

His second son, Ebenezer, Jr., the father 
of our subject, also acquired his literary 
education within the classic precincts of old 
Harvard, and he subsequently studied law 
in Boston, where he entered upon the prac- 
tice of his profession. He was a man of 
strong mentality and scholarly attainments 
and possessed not only an accurate and 
comprehensive knowledge of the principles 
of jurisprudence, but also had superior gifts 
of oratory. It seemed that a most bril- 
liant career at the bar awaited hini. but 
death ended the professional life that was 
opening with such rich promise. He died 
when only thirty-four years of age. leaving 
a widow and four children to mourn his 
loss. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Elizabeth Breese Hazard, was a daughter of 
Ebenezer Hazard, who was connected with 
the postoffice department under W'ashing- 
ton, as the first postmaster of New York, 
then as surveyor of post roads and ofifices 
throughout the country, wdiile from 1782 
to 1789 he was postmaster-general, being 
the third incumbent in that office. He was 
a man of rare mental powers, highly cul- 
turetl and a noted linguist, having mas- 
tered several of the ancient languages. He 
was the author of several voluminous his- 
torical works and contributed many able 
and scholarly articles on historical subjects 
to journals and societies of that day. At 
the same time he won distinction as a finan- 
cier and was the original director, the first 
secretary and the untiring business man- 
ager of the Insurance Company of North 
America, in Philadelphia. 

Fortunate is the man who has back of 




liim an honored ancestry. Every American 
is proiiil, and justly so, of the nol)ility of 
his ancestors, and Charles G. Rockwood, 
of this review, bears worthily a name that 
is untarnished by the shallow of wrong or 
dishonor. I'orn in Boston, July 19, 1814. 
he was yet an infant at the time of his fa- 
tlicr's death. The mother, with her four 
children, removed to rhiladelphia, to the 
home of licr father, and a few years there- 
after became the wife of Rev. Thomas E. 
\crmilye, D. D.. LL. D., at that time a 
rising young clergyman and subsequently 
an eminent divine, who for more than half 
a century filled the pulpit of the Collegiate 
Dutch I^eformed church in Xew York city. 
This e.Ncellcnt man devoted himself at once 
lo the welfare of the interesting group of 
children thus providentially placed in his 
care, and to his instruction, as well as to 
that of a highly cultured mother, Mr. 
Rockwood is indebted for his early train- 
ing, which was so thorough and conii)lete 
that it proved an excellent foundation upon 
which to rest tiie superstructure of more 
advanced knowledge. After a suitable 
preparation at home he entered an excellent 
academy conducted by E. W. Morse, of 
Xew York, and therein completed a course 
of studies sulticiently advanced to tu him 
for any spliere of life. His tastes, however, 
seemed to incline to a commercial instead 
of a professional career, and being allowed 
to follow the bent of his own nature he en- 
tered a large conmiission house in Xew 
\'ork, where he remained from the age of 
fifteen until he had attained his majority. 
In 1846 Mr Rockwood entered upon his 
long, conspicuous and successful career as 
a banker, having accepted the position of 
cashier in the Orange Bank, of Orange. 
Xew Jersey, in which institution he re- 

mained until 1849. when he became cashier 
of the Stamford Bank, at Stamford. Con- 

For three years he acceptai)ly served in 
that capacity, and from 1852 to 1857 was 
at the head of the ]>rivate banking 
of Rockwood. Hazards & Company, of 
Mauch Chunk. Pennsylvania, in which 
place a chartered bank was organized in 
1857, and Mr. Rockwood removed to Xor- 
walk, Connecticut, to enter upon the duties 
of cashier in a newly established bank there. 
But in a short time a greater field of labor 
and responsibility was opened to him in 
Xewark, Xew Jersey, where he became 
cashier of the Xewark Banking Company, 
in 1858. He filled that position, with 
credit to himself and .satisfaction to the di- 
rectors, for almost thirty years, and was 
then, in January, 1887, elected president of 
the institution. Working in perfect har- 
mony with his fellow executives and direc- 
tors, Mr. Rockwood has so directed the 
alTairs of the bank that it has not only main- 
tained its high prestige and prosperity, but 
has also increa,sed them. This is the oldest 
banking institution in the .state. The first 
charter granted by the state of Xew Jersey 
to any bank was to the Xewark Banking 
and Insurance Company, on the 1 8th of 
February, 1804. This company never pur- 
sued the insurance business, and on the 
second renewal of its charter the word "in- 
surance" was dropped from its title, leaving 
the name Xewark Banking Company. In 
1865 it was changed to a national bank, 
imder the name of the Xational Xewark 
Banking Company, having now had a con- 
tinuous existence of ninety-three years. 
The sound and conservative principles of 
finance displayed by Mr. Rockwood in the 
supervision of this institution have won for 



him uniform commendation. His atten- 
tion has not been given to this enterprise 
alone, for he has been a director of the 
Howard Savings Institution, of Newark, 
for over tliirty years, and a member of its 
finance committee. Notwithstanding the 
fact tliat lie has attained the age of four 
score and three years he yet gives regular 
attention to the business of the National 
Newark Banking Company, and is daily at 
his desk. 

In 1840 Mr. Rockwood was united in 
marriage to Aliss Sarah Smith, daughter of 
George B. and Joanna (Vermilye) Smith, 
of New York city. Her death rjccurred in 
1893. Of the four children born of this 
marriage only one is now living, — Charles 
G. Rockwood, Jr., who is professor of 
mathematics in Princeton Uni\-ersity. 

Deeply interested in all movements that 
tend to the l:>ctterment of humanity, ^Ir. 
Rockwood has given largely of his time to 
Christian and philanthropic work, and the 
poor and needy have found in him a true 
friend. He is especially ready to aid those 
who are willing to help themselves, and 
thus promotes that practical benevolence 
which enal)les the recipient to retain his 
self-respect and independence of character. 
His nature is kindly and gracious and rests 
upon broad humanitarian principles. His 
religious life identifies him with the Pres- 
byterian church, in which he is an active 
worker. He is also a director in the 
Young Men's Christian Association of 
Newark and is a valued member of the 
Essex County Bible Society, in which he 
served as president a few years since. Ac- 
tive in his co-operation in all movements 
for the advancement of mental cidture, his 
laliors in behalf of education ha\e been 
verv effective. For more than thirlv vears 

he has filled the office of trustee of the 
Newark Academy, which was founded in 
1792 and is one of the oldest and best edu- 
cational institutions in the state, and dur- 
ing most of this time he has been secretary 
and treasurer of the board, filling these 
positions at the present time. He is a 
member of the New Jersey Historical So- 
ciety, the American Historical Association, 
the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, the Sons of the American 
Revolution, and is also identified with the 
Washington Association, of Morristown, 
New Jersey. His life, characterized by a 
dex'otion to all that is good and pure and 
true, is worthy of emulation and should 
ser\e as a source of inspiration to others. 


of \ erona, a prominent and well known 
florist, was born on the place which is now 
his home, January 18, 1856. His father, 
John L. Goble, was born at Amity, in 
Orange county. New York, in 1819. made 
farming his life occupation and came to 
New Jersey in 1855. and died in Verona in 
i8()j. He was married in Sussex county 
to Ruth Wright, a daughter of Samuel 
W right, whose familv had resided at \\ ay- 
avanda. near (ireenwood Lake. New Jer- 
sev. Mrs. Goble is still living and has 
reached the advanced age of seventy-six 
years. Noah Goble, the paternal grandfa- 
ther of our subject, was born in Orange 
ccnmty. New York, and was a son of a 
Jerseyman born at Basking Ridge. 

Frank C. Goble is the only child of his 
parents. He graduated at the Montclair 
high school in 1874, one of thirteen in the 
first class that completed the course in that 
institution. In his earlv manhood he en- 

£;.s'.s7v.V i(il \T). 


gaged in fanning and gardening, but was 
loth to follow that pursuit permanently be- 
cause of his natural tendency toward the 
culture of flowers. When he embarked in 
that enterprise his capital was very small 
and he was enabled to secure a greenhouse 
(luly eleven by fifty feet. The growth and 
general success which has attended his 
business is best shown in the contrast be- 
tween his original greenhouse and that of 
the present day. which comprises ten thou- 
sand square feet under glass. He makes a 
specialty of growing carnations, violets and 
mignonette, with a lull line of bedding and 
ornamental stock, and his patronage has 
become very extensive, making the enter- 
l)rise a profitable one. His thorough under- 
standing of the business, and his great love 
of flowers make him especially proficient 
in their culture, and his greenhouses pre- 
sent as fine and beautiful varieties as can be 
found upon the market. In order to keep 
in touch with the work of florists and to 
learn of the best methods for the cultiva- 
tion of flowers and the production of new 
and imi)r(ned varieties, he has connected 
himself with the Society of American Flor- 
ists, and is secretary of the Paterson Flor- 
ists' Club. He is also a member of the 
l-'sse.x County Board (jf Agriculture. 

In October, 1878, in Painesville, Ohio, 
was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Goble 
and Miss Lillian Huntoon, a daughter of 
William Huntoon. Their children are 
Maud, Mabel, John, Harold and Kyrle. 

Mr. Goble is a member of Montclair 
Council, Royal Arcanum, and takes quite 
an active interest in all measures calculated 
to advance the welfare of the community 
along educational, moral, social or mate- 
rial lines. He has served as clerk of Ve- 
rona township, is a member of the school 

board, has served on the Caldwell township 
committee and was once treasurer of the 
town. In the discharge of his duties he is 
ever prompt and faithful and his efforts are 
commendable and satisfactory to the gen- 
eral public. 


of \'erona. who is extensively engaged in 
dealing in coal in (Jrange street, Newark, 
was born in the latter city, at No. 62 Boston 
street, October 31, 1846. The family is of 
French lineage, and the grandfather, Ste- 
phen Canniff, was for many years a tavern- 
keeper in Sing Sing, New York. The fa- 
ther of our subject, VV'illiam H. Cannifif, 
was born at Sing Sing, in 1819, and in 1837 
came to Newark, where he learned the 
trade of carriage-making. He afterward 
began business on his own account on Bank 
street, where he carried on operations until 
1857, when he removed to Connecticut. In 
1864 he returned to Essex county, and lo- 
cating on a farm near Caldwell, carried on 
agricultural pursuits throughout the re- 
mainder of his active business life. His 
death occurred in Newark in 1893. His 
wife bore the maiden name of Elvira O. 
Cooper and was a daughter of Jonas Coop- 
er, of Hanover, New Jersey. She closed 
her eyes in death in 1892, after having be- 
come the mother of seventeen children, of 
whom the following are living: Margaret- 
ta. wife of Sherman Paddock, of Caldwell; 
Jonas C; Amelia, wife of Theodore Linds- 
Icy. of Montclair; Annie K., wife of Will- 
iam W. Winner, of Newark; Louisa, 
wife of T. Douglas Baker, of Orange; Let- 
tie J., wife of Charles D. Coe, of Newark; 
Carrie M., widow of William Winans. of 
Newark; Minnie, wife of Warren Jacobus, 
of Cedar Grove: and Frank, of Newark. 



Jonas C. Canniff acquired a liberal edu- 
cation in Middletown, Connecticut, and en- 
tered upon his business career as clerk for 
the New Jersey Coal Company, continuinsr 
in their employ for a year. On the expira- 
tion of that period he secured a situation 
with D. 'SI. Uyckoff & Company, also of 
Newark, and a year later became a partner 
in the business. They dealt extensively in 
coal, and Mr. Canniit continued a member 
of the firm until 1878, when he embarked 
in business alone in Orange street. He has 
secured a very liberal patronage, for his fair 
dealing and courteous treatment of his 
patrons has secured the public confidence 
and therefore the public support. He is 
very prominent in his line and is enjoying 
a success which is well deserved. 

Mr. Canniff was married in Newark, De- 
cember 24, 1869, to Annie E., daughter of 
Lemuel W. Jacobus, and to them have been 
born the following named: May C, now 
the wife of Frank M. Clark, of Elizabeth; 
William C. ; Florence L. ; Oscar D. and 
Robert B. Mr. and Mrs. Cannit^' hold 
membership in the Presbyterian church. 


of \^erona, is one of the representative cit- 
izens of his home city, who is ever active 
in promoting the welfare of the community 
and who has been closely identified with 
public afTairs pertaining to the county. He 
is the youngest of eight children born to 
the late Elijah Hedden and wife, his birth 
having taken place at East Orange, New 
Jersey, on the 27th of January, 1843, ^^i^ 
he was reared to farm work, his mental dis- 
cipline being received in the district 
schools. He remained upon the old home- 
stead until the death of his parents, when 
he erected a new residence on the thirty- 

three acres belonging to him and on which 
he has since continued to live. Aside from 
attending to his farm, Mr. Hedden has 
done little except to engage in local road 
contracting, a part of which comprised por- 
tions of Fairview avenue and all of Grosch 

In public matters Mr. Hedden has served 
on the election board for over twelve years, 
and has acted as overseer of roads. What- 
ever of public interest that comes before the 
township committee having for its object 
the welfare and advancement of the com- 
munity meets with a ready response from 
Mr. Hedden. and whichever side of the 
question is taken by him is vigorously sup- 
ported, lie opposed the bonding of his 
township fur the construction of hard roads 
during the period of financial depression 
and the proposition was lost, which, as is 
now conceded, was a lucky termination of 
the project. He was' an active member of 
the committee appointed to devise ways 
and means and to make recommendations 
as to the course to pursue in the matter. 

In touching upon the social side of Mr. 
lledden's life, we may state that he is a 
meml)er of the \'erona Club, to which he 
donated the land upon which the club 
building stands, and he was one of the or- 
ganizers of the Caldwell brass band, being 
one of the leading players in the same. In 
his religious faith he is an adherent of the 
Caldwell Presbyterian church. 

The marriage of Mr. Hedden was sol- 
emnized on the loth of February, 1875, 
when he was united to Miss Jennie C. 
Lindsley, a daughter of John P. Lindsley. 

He was one of the organizers of the Cald- 
well Grange, and one of the leaders of the 
society now; a Democrat and member of 
the Essex Countv Democratic Committee. 

Ei^sEX cory'ry. 


The paternal ancestor of the subject of 
this review was one of three brothers who 
came from Scotland, probably in the early 
part of the eighteenth century, and settled 
on Long Island, later moving to West Liv- 
ingston. Essex county, where he became 
the first owner of the property which has 
ever since been known as the Beach home- 
stead. One of his sons, Aaron, built a saw- 
mill, which he conducted in connection 
with his farming pursuits. He married 
Phebe Burnett, of Rockaway Neck, a 
daughter of Zenus Burnett, and they reared 
six children, namely: Nancy, who married 
David ^loorhouse: Susan, who became the 
wife of Allen Smith: Electa married Wili- 
iam Ward: Israel, William D.. and Marcus. 
Aaron Beach died at the age of sixty-two 
years, his wife surviving him until attaining 
her eighty-fourth year. 

Marcus Beach, father of our subject, was 
born in 1802 on the old homestead, and 
learned the shoemaker's trade, following 
iliat and farming at the same time. He 
married Miss Mary Camp, a native of Sus- 
sex county and a daughter of Samuel 
Camp, who was of Scotch-Irish ancestry. 
Mr. and Mrs. Beach reared two children, 
Henry O.. and Ann Eliza, who became the 
wife of Ezra R. Sc|uier. of Millburn town- 
ship. They were members of the Hanover 
Presbyterian church, and politically Mr. 
Beach was an old-line Whig. He had the 
honor of escorting General Lafayette 
through the county on the occasion of that 
gentleman's visit here. His brother, Israel, 
served as a soldier in the war of 181 2. The 
death of Mr. Beach occurred in 1882, at the 
age of seventy-nine years, and he was sur- 
vived by his wife until December 15, 1893, 

when siie passed away, age<l eighty-nine 

Henry Oscar Beach was born in the 
house he now makes his home, in Living- 
ston township, on the ist of July, 1825. and 
resided with his parents until attaining his 
majority, acquiring the shoemaker's trade 
from his father's instructions. In June, 
1845, he was united in marriage to Miss 
Charlotte A. Osborne, of Hanover, Morris 
county, a daughter of Philetus and Betsy 
(Beach) Osborne, and he and his wife set- 
tied on a place near the parental homestead, 
where they continued to reside for five 
years and then Mr. Beach traded his land 
for property in Orange and engaged in the 
manufacture of shoes until August, 1862, 
when he enlisted his services in the defense 
of the L'nion as a member of Company H, 
Twenty-sixth New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry, leaving Camp Frelinghuysen early 
in September. He participated in the bat- 
ties of Fredericksburg, South Mountain, 
Morris Heights, and in several skirmishes, 
and was captured at Morris Heights by 
two Confederates, from whom he eventu- 
ally escaped and returned to his regiment. 
He served until the expiration of his term 
of enlistment, and was honorably dis- 
charged on the 20th of June, 1863, after 
wiiich he returned home and engaged in 
the shoe business in Orange, where he also 
filled the ofiice of sexton of the Union 
Avenue church for eleven years. He con- 
tinued in Orange until 1882. when he re- 
turned to the old homestead and has since 
made that his place of residence, devoting 
himself to agricultural pursuits. 

Mr. and Mrs. Beach became the parents 
of three children, of whom the following 
record is given : Mary A., vvho married W. 
W. ^\'estervelt, of Wood Center, New Jer- 



sey; Clarence married Annie Van Rossan, 
of Beverly, New Jersey; and Annie Eliza, 
who is the wife of Frederick A. Cora, of 
Afton, Morris county. Mr. and Mrs. Beach 
are consistent members of the Presbyterian 
church, and he is a staunch supporter of the 
Republican party. 


deceased, for many years one of the es- 
teemed citizens of Livingston, New Jersey, 
was born in New York city, November lO, 
1823, son of Abram and Sarah (Ely) Hal- 

He was reared in his native city, where 
he had the advantage of a common-school 
education and where in early life he learned 
the trade of chair-maker. For a number 
of years he was engaged in the manufacture 
of chairs. About 1853 he located in Living- 
ston, Essex county. New Jersey, and here 
spent the rest of his life, not being engaged 
in active business for some time before his 
death. He was a man of prominence, was 
at one time a member of the general assem- 
bly of New Jersey, and as a legislator made 
an honorable record. He died May 31, 
1893, honored and respected by all who 
knew him. 

Mr. Halsey was married in 1850 to Miss 
Adelia Teed, a daughter of Hon. Parker 
Teed, a native of Livingston, New Jersey, 
and a son of John Teed who was probably 
a native of this state. Parker Teed was a 
surveyor, a public-spirited man, true to all 
the interests of life, and was frequently 
honored by his fellow citizens with posi- 
tions of trust. He served three terms as a 
member of the New Jersey assembly. He 
died at the age of sixty-six years. His wife, 
whose maiden name was EHzabeth A. 

Force and who was a daughter of Jonathan 
Force, was sixty-five at the time of her 

Mr. and Mrs. Halsey had two children, 
namely : Ida, who died at the age of twenty 
years; and Moses Ely, now engaged in 
business in New York city. Mrs. Halsey, 
who died September 6, 1897, was a consist- 
ent Christian, a member of the Baptist 
church. Mr. Halsey also was identified 
with this church, one of its staunch mem- 
bers and most liberal supporters. 


of Livingston, Essex county, was one of 
the boys in blue who, in the civil war, val- 
iantly aided in the preservation of the 
Union, and since his return from the scene 
of conflict he has manifested the same loy- 
alty and fidelity in the discharge of his du- 
ties of citizenship as when he followed the 
starry banner. 

Mr. Hoft'man was born in Northfield, 
Essex county, on the 29th of November, 
1845, ^"<-' is a son of George Hoffman, a 
native of Saxony. Germany, whose father, 
John A. Hoflfman. came with his family to 
America when George was sixteen years of 
age. He established a home in Northfield, 
where he spent the remainder of his days. 
George Hofifman learned the jeweler's 
trade in the fatherland, and after coming 
to America followed farming. In 1844 he 
purchased the farm in Northfield and has 
since made it his place of abode. He mar- 
ried Susan A. Musser, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and a descendant of the celebrated 
Dr. Muhlenberg, who took up his resi- 
dence in the Keystone state at a very early 
day. Her great-grandfather was General 
Peter Muhlenberg, of Revolutionary-war 



fame. Tliree children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Hoffman, two of whom are now 
living: Frederick M. and John A., of Or- 
ange. The eldest, Eflie, died in childhood. 
The mother of this family died in 1853 and 
Mr. HolTman afterward married Sarah 
James, of New York, by whom he had three 
children: Snsan, wife of Wallace Bnrnet: 
Margaret H.; and George, who died in 
1896, at the age of twenty-three years. Mr. 
Hoffman takes a deep interest in educa- 
tional matters and has done effective ser- 
vice in behalf of the schools during his 
many years' service as school trustee. He 
is a member of the Lutheran church and 
in politics is a Republican. 

Frederick ]\I. Hoft'man was reared on 
the home farm until seventeen years of 
age when he went to learn the carpenter's 
trade with Lewis F. Kirsten. but after a 
short time he put asitle the plane and 
s(|uare for the rillc, and went forth in de- 
fense of his country, his patriotic spirit 
prompting his enlistment, August 26. 18^)3, 
when eighteen years of age. He became a 
member of Battery A, First New Jersey 
Artillery, under Captain Hexamer, and 
with the Sixth Army Corps served in the 
Army of the Potomac. He participated in 
many hard-fought battles and received a 
slight wound at Cold Harbor, June 2, 1864. 
He served until the close of the war and 
was honorably discharged June 21. 1865. 

On his return to the north Mr. Hoffman 
resumed work at the carpenter's trade, 
which he has since followed, being now 
regarded as a prominent representative of 
the building interests of his township. He 
has also taken a very conspicuous part in 
local politics. During the years 1887. 1888 
and 1889 he served on the board of chosen 
freeholders, and in 1874, 1875 ^"^1 1876 he 

served as township clerk. He was deputy 
warden of the Essex county penitentiary, 
and has filled other local offices, discharg- 
ing his duties with marked fidelity and 

(Jn the 2 1 St of July, 1868, Mr. Hoffman 
was united in marriage to Miss Lucia .\. 
Teed, and their union was blessed with five 
children : Ida C, now the wife of Edward 
Stevens; Frank E. ; Rose S. ; Oscar F., who 
died April 17, 1894, at the age of seven- 
teen years; and Ernest F. Socially Mr. 
Hoft'man is connected with several civic so- 
cieties. He is a valued and popular mem- 
ber of Caldwell Lodge, No. 59, A. F. & 
A. ^L; Orange Chapter, No. 23, R. A. M.; 
Bartlett Post, No. 39, G. A. R. ; Ocalia 
Council, No. 186, American Mechanics; 
yit. Pleasant Council, No. 25, G. S. F. 
True and faithful in public office, loyal on 
the field of battle, honorable in business, 
and cordial and kindly in social circles, he 
has won the respect of all with whom he 
has come in contact and has a large circle 
of warm friends. 


of Roseland, is a descendant of Matthew 
Williams through Eleazar, Daniel and 
Abram, all of whom were associated with 
the pioneer days of New Jersey. Eleazar 
married Mary Ball, and their son, Daniel, 
married Naomi Dodd, a daughter of James 
Dodd. who settled in West Orange, and 
there Abram Williams, the father of our 
subject, was born in 1799. The latter was 
reared in West Orange and learned the 
cabinet-maker's trade of a man named 
Jacob Allen, serving a full term of appren- 
ticeship, after which he returned to his 
native ci.ty and started a shop on his own 



account, following his trade in connection 
with farming. In 183 1 he married Miss 
Matilda Carter, of Hanover, Morris coun- 
ty, and a daughter of Philander Carter, 
who belonged to one of the old families of 
Morris county, and by this union three chil- 
dren were born, two of whom died in in- 
fancy, the third being Abram P. Mr. 
Williams served as town clerk for several 
terms: he was a director of the Orange Na- 
tional Bank, and for many years was ves- 
tryman of St. Mark's church, of which his 
wife also was a member. His death oc- 
curred in 1861, his wife preceding him to 
her eternal rest in 1858. 

Abram P. Williams was reared on the 
old homestead, located on the corner of 
Washington and \'alley streets, and ac- 
quired his literary education in the public 
schools. In 1857 he went to Newark and 
started to learn the carpenter's trade with 
the firm of Gould & More, but upon the 
death of his father he returned home and 
followed farming until 1877, when he 
moved to Chester, Morris county, and 
there continued in agricultural pursuits 
until 1879, in that year coming to Roseland 
and engaging in carpentering, which he 
has since followed. By his ability and in- 
dustry he has built up a large and flourish- 
ing trade, securing the patronage of peo- 
ple within a radius of fifteen miles. 

In 1861 Mr. Williams was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Sarah M. Collier, who was 
born in New Fairfield and reared in Rose- 
land, a daughter of Ezra Collier, who died 
in 1890. Of the children born to Mr. and 
Mrs. ^\'illiams, but two lived to maturity, 
Ezra A. and Frank E., the latter of whom 
was accidentally killed, at the age of twen- 
ty-four, by coming in contact with a live 
electric-light wire at Orange. Mrs. Will- 

iams is an adherent of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, while her husband is a com- 
municant of St. Mark's. He is a member 
of the Knights of Honor, and in his po- 
litical views is stanchly allied to the Demo- 
cratic party. 


are representatives of a family that has long 
l)een connected with the history of Essex 
county, and whose interests have been so 
inextricably interwoven with the develop- 
ment and progress of the county as to form 
a part of the public records. Edward Ball, 
the original ancestor of the Ball family in 
New Jersey, came from Connecticut with 
others of the Connecticut colonists who set- 
tied in Newark about the middle of the sev- 
enteenth century. He was a surveyor by 
profession and was a man of distinctive 
ability. His son, Thomas Hall, settled at 
Hilton, Essex county, and the latter's son. 
Aaron Ball, the great-grandfather of the 
subjects of this review, located in South 
Orange October 21, 1741, since which time 
the name has been conspicuously and con- 
secutively identified with the material in- 
terests of this favored section of the county. 
Aaron Ball purchased the old homestead in 
South Orange, and here the old dwelling 
depicted in this connection was erected by 
his son. Joseph, in the year 1784. The at- 
tractive old residence is in a fine state of 
preservation, and in its historical and sub- 
stantial dignity will put to blush many a 
more pretentious modern structure. The 
house is now occupied by Richard H. Ball, 
one of the immediate subjects of this sketch. 
Joseph Ball served in the British army and 
participated in the capture of Martinique, 
in the West Indies in 1755 or '56. He was 

/A^iU^:'^'^--i^^^^-^t /j^i^c. 


afterw artl a \aliaiit soldier in tlie war of the 
Revolution, assisting in the capture of 
Stony Point, inider General Anthony 
Wayne, and participating in the l)attle of 
Si^ringfield. His papers of discharge from 
service in the French and Indian war are 
now in the possession of Richard H. Ball. 
One of the stones in the old house is in- 
scribed with the date of its erection, and 
here he continued to maintain his home 
until his death, which occurred only when 
he had attained a venerable age. 

Orange church, a daughter of Richard 
Harrison, who was a native of New Jersey 
and served for seven years in the Colonial 
army during the war for independence. 
.\ftcr his marriage Mr. Ball settled on a part 
of the old homestead and carried on agri- 
cultural pursuits in connection with shoe- 
making. — an industry that was followed by 
many of the early settlers of Essex county. 
In politics he was a Jacksonian Democrat, 
and in religious faith he was a Presbyterian, 
his wife also holding membership in the 


^ ^ ^- — s 

Joseph Ball married Rachael Tompkins, 
and they became the parents of the follow- 
ing nametl children : Eleazar T.. born in 
ijdj; Hannah, in 1768; Israel, in 1770; 
Mary, in 1772; Mary (2), in 1773: and Jos- 
eph B., the father of Philander and Richard 
H.. whose names initiate this review. 

Joseph B. Ball was born on the old home- 
stead. March 15, 1778, spent his youth upon 
the farm and received such educational 
privileges as the schools of the community 
then alTorded. He married Eunice Harri- 
son, who was bom in Orange, near the old 

same church. His death occurred in 
September, 1842, and his wife died in 
December, 1846. They were the par- 
ents of the following children : Amzi. 
who went west and died in Delavan, 
Illinois, at the age of eighty-five 
years. Icaxing one son, Eleazar T.. who 
was a minister of the Presbyterian church 
and died in Belvidere. Illinois, at the age 
of fifty years, leaving a family; Mary, who 
died at the age of sixty-three years: Philan- 
der: Hannah, widow of the Rev. Joseph 
\'ance. who was a prominent Presbyterian 



minister, and died at the age of ninety-two 
years; Elizalieth. who died in infancy, and 
Ricliard Harrison. 

Philander Ball, whose name initiates this 
article, is one of the enterprising and inililic- 
spirited citizens of South Orange township 
and one who. by his many years of honora- 
ble dealing and upright life, has won the 
ei-teem of all who know him. He was l.)orn 

their domestic life on his present farm, 
which is a part of the old homestead, and 
he at once began the work of cultivation and 
imj)ro\ement. w hicli he has carried forward 
until he now has one of the finest country 
homes in the county. His buildings are 
commodious, convenient and attractive. 
The rows of beautiful shade trees surround 
one of the lo\'eliest homes to be found in 

JJliME OF R. II. B.\LT^. 

in the old stone mansion. January 8. 1814, 
was reared on the farm and obtained his ed- 
ucation in the connnon schools. He re- 
sided on the old homestead until his mar- 
riage, which was celebrated in 1849, Miss 
Sarah .\nn Guerin Ijecoming his wife. She 
is a native of Morristown, New Jersey, a 
daughter of Aram (juerin. of an old Morris 
county family. Mr. and Mrs. Ball began 

this part of the county, and the air of cul- 
ture and refinement which pervades the 
])lace is one of the most attractive features. 
The farm comprises seventy acres, and his 
valuable property yields to him good finan- 
cial returns. 

Mr. Ball has lieen a leader in all public 
movement tending to benefit the commun- 
ity or promote the general welfare. He has 

■\ ?■! ' '1 


i:ssi:.\ cor STY. 

served in nearly all the township offices and 
has ever been found on the side of progress 
and improvement. He has been fre(|uentl\" 
called npon to serve as administrator in the 
settlement of estates and has ever been 
found careful, prom])t and honorable in his 
adjustments. His business record is above 
reproach, and in private life no duty is neg- 
lected, lie is an exemplary member of the 
Presl)yterian church, and in his political 
faith he was formerly a Democrat, but is 
now a Republican. Mrs. Ball departed this 
life January 6. 1885. at the age of sixty- 
seven years. 

Mr. and Mrs. I'.all liecanie the parents of 
five children, four of whom are living: John 
Ci., .\nna H., Elizabeth, widow of August- 
us L. Whiteliead: Warren P. and Edward 
1'.. the first born, who died at the age of 
two years. 

Richard Harrison Ball, who occupies the 
ancestral home, was born there Movember 
13. 1820, and the years of a busy and useful 
career of more than three-quarters of a 
century have there been jiassed. After the 
death of his father he aitd his brother Phi- 
lander settled up the estate, he retaining 
possession of the old home. When iiis 
mother died his sister became his house- 
keeper and performed those functions for 
many years. He was married on the loth 
of September, 1862. to Miss Frances 
Haines, of Union count}', a daugiiter of 
Frazee Haines, who was a son of Josejih 
Haines, one of the heroes of the Revolution, 
who valiantly aided in securing the freedom 
of his country. 

Nine children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Ball, as follows: Frederick Harrison, 
who at the age of twelve years accidentally 
shot himself while out hunting and died 
from the injury: Joseph, who went to Colo- 

rado and engaged in the banking business 
with promises of a brilliant future, but who 
died September 9, 1890. at the age of twen- 
ty-four years: George Haines: I'anny May: 
Lillie M.; Amzi; Edward, deceased: Jennie, 
and Alice. Mr. and Mrs. Ball have one of 
the finest homes in Es^ex county, the resi- 
dence being the one Ijuilt by his grandfather 
in 1784. Its surroundings are very tasteful 
and give an air of picturesqueness to the 
\ enerable home, which w ith its surrounding 
seventy acres stands between Newark. Irv- 
ington and South Orange, thus affording 
every convenience of city life, in combina- 
tion with the charms and pleasures of a 
country home. The land is very valuable 
and Mr. Ball is rated as one of the wealthy 
men of Essex county. He and his wife at- 
tend tlie Connecticut Farms church, and in 
politics he is a Republican. The Ball fam- 
ilv is one of much prominence in Essex 
countv. and this history would be incom- 
plete without honorable mention of its pres- 
ent representatives in South t)range town- 


is probably the oldest man of Livingston 
township — a venerable citizen whose life 
has been devoted to good works and nol)le 
deeds in the furtherance of the Christian 
religion. He was born in the house which 
is now his home, March 22. 1806, a son of 
Daniel Tompkins, who was born in Morris 
county, New Jersey, on the 15th of March, 
1766. His grandfather. Jedediah Tomp- 
kins, was a son of John Tompkins, who was 
one of the first settlers of Livingston town- 
ship, where he entered land from the gov- 
ernment and established thereon his home. 
The grandfather of our subject married a 



Miss Burnet, of Morris county, and to them 
were born tln^ee daughters and a son. He 
spent the greater part of his life in ]Morris 
county and when the colonies attempted to 
disown all allegiance to the British crown 
he joined the American army and valiantly 
fought for independence. He lived to a 
very advanced age and died in 1816. His 
wife died when the father of our subject 
was quite small. 

Daniel Tompkins, in his early manhood, 
was em]ilo\ed in the iron works and later 
engaged in agricultural pursuits and bas- 
ket-making. He was married in 1788 to 
Phoebe Walker, a native of what is now 
the town of New Providence, and a daugh- 
ter of Richard Walker, who came from Ire- 
land and settled in Morris county, where 
he engaged in the manufacture of brick. 

He had ten children by his first marriage 
and after the death of their mother he wed- 
ded a Miss Wood, liy whom he had seven 
children. He purchased the farm upon 
which our subject now lives, the improve- 
ments upon that place consisting of a log 
house and a wrought-nail shop. Eight 
children of the first marriage reached ma- 
ture years, namely: Jabez; Rachel, who 
became the wife of Samuel Pickens and 
died in middle life, leaving three children; 
Rebecca, who married Levi Schonover, of 
Pennsylvania, and died at the age of fifty 
years; Fanny married Abram Herring, in 
1816, and died in Ohio, when past the age 
of fifty years; Richard, born November 11, 
1800. died November 8, 1833; Ira married 
Elizabeth Allen, a cousin of Asa White- 
head, of Newark; John was the next of 
the family; and Eli, died between the ages 
of sixty and seventy vears. The father of 
this family dei)arlcd this life January i, 
1830, and his wife jjassed away November 

I, 1835. They were members of the Presby- 
terian church, of Hanover. 

John Tompkins, whose name introduces 
this re\ie\v. learned the shoemaker's trade 
with his brother-in-law and afterward 
worked on the farm ancl engaged in the 
manufacture of baskets. He was indus- 
trious and energetic and his industry 
brought to him a fair return. He chose 
as a companion and helpmeet on life's 
journey Miss Hannah \\'illiams, the mar- 
riage being celebrated January 11, 1827. 
She was a native of Clinton township, and 
a daughter of Azel Williams, one of the 
old settlers of the county. She was reared 
in Caldwell township and after her mar- 
riage went to her husband's home, their 
domestic life beginning on the old family 
homestead which has always been his place 
of residence. Twelve children came to 
bless this marriage, eight of whom lived to 
mature years, while six are still living: 
Sarah became the wife of John C. Ward 
and died at the age of forty-ti\e years, 
leaving three children; Jane W. is the wife 
of Rosville IMerry, of Livingston and has 
one child; Richard, of Morris county, mar- 
ried Densia Long, by whom he had three 
children yet living, and after her death he 
wedded her sister; ^^'illiam is a resident of 
Livingston township; Jeptha \\' ., of ]Morris 
county, married Elizabeth Redic and has 
five children; John wedded Mary Jacobus 
and. with his wife and one child, lives on 
the old homestead; Theodore is a resident 
of Caldwell; and David died at the age of 
twenty-seven years. The mother of this 
family died in 1877 and Mr. Tompkins was 
again married, his second union being with 
Sarah Ann Pierce, a native of Clinton. 

For many years Mr. Tompkins has de- 
voted his life to the cause of Christianity 



as a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church and has lon^j been a local preacher, 
for forty-three years holding a license as a 
minister of that denomination. He has 
preached in all the churches of this locality 
— in Newark aoJin Morris county, and has 
yi\en his servicS freely, without compen- 
sation, prompted solely by a love of the 
Master. Now almost ninety-two years of 
age, his life span almost finished, he is 
joyously looking forward to the hour when 
the happiness of eternity shall compensate 
for the woes and trials of time. 


Tiic world is not slow to pass jutlgment 
u])()n tlie individual, and when a man has 
won the high respect of those with whom 
business and social relations have brought 
him in contact it is by reason of a well spent 
and honorable life. Condemnation comes 
cpiickly from the public and esteem there- 
fore indicates the possession of worthy 
(|ualities and characteristics. When we say 
that Mr. Tompkins is one of the most high- 
ly respected citizens of Essex county, it is 
an indication that his life is one well worthy 
(if emulation. Born in Livingston town- 
ship, on the iSth of July. 1838. he is a son 
of John Tompkins, one of the early settlers 
of the community. 

L 'mil nineteen years of age our subject 
remained amid the surroundings of the 
home farm and then started out in the 
business world, learning the mason's trade 
as an apprentice with Simpson Van Ness, 
on Elm street, Newark. He served for 
four years and then located in Livingston, 
where for thirty-eight years he has engaged 
in business along that line. He is one of 
the best known mason contractors in this 

section of the county, and many of the best 
buildings stand in evidence of his superior 
handiwork. He has clone the mason work 
on most of the jirincipal buildings within a 
radius of eight miles, and erected the Pres- 
byterian church in Roseland. His business 
methods are most commendable and his 
thorough reliability and honesty have se- 
cured to him a very liberal patronage. 

Mr. Tompkins was married NoveurtSer" 
25, 1869, to Miss Emma, daughter of Alex- 
ander and Jane (Stevens) Parmly, natives 
of New York. Four children were born 
of this union: Orrin P., who died at the 
age of sixteen months; Ernest Juilson, 
born April 23, 1873; Lillian H., born Sep- 
tember 19, 1887; and Burd P., born Au- 
gust 17, 1891. Mr. Tompkins gives his 
political support to the Republican party 
and has tilled the ofVice of school trustee. 
He is a member of Golden Star Loilge. No. 
25, of Mt. Pleasant, and he and his wife 
hold membership in the Methodist Epis- 
copal church of West Livingston. 


a retired l)nsiness man of Livingston, has 
been closely identified with the mercantile 
interests of Essex county. He was born in 
Middlesex, now L'nion county, New Jersey, 
in 1822. and is of English ancestry, both 
his father and grandfather being natives of 
Great Britain, the latter's birth occurring 
at Nottingham. .At the age of seventeen, 
John Watson, our subject's father, emi- 
grated to the United States and located in 
New ^'ork. later moving to New Jersey, 
where he entered the employ of a shoe 
dealer, with whom he learned the trade and 
followed the same for a short time. In 
meanwhile he had been preparing himself 
for the ministry, and on attaining his twen- 

1 62 


back to Dirck Jansen Hoogland. of New 
Amsterdam, 1657. 

Having finished his education at the 
''Flower Hill" district school, at twelve vears 
of age, and removing then with his parents 
to New York, he soon became a clerk in a 
grocery store and continued in that busi- 
ness until his marriage, in 1853. to Hester 
L., daughter of Granden and Cathalena 
(Vreeland) Van Zile. He then engaged 
in the lumber trade, having a steam mill 
and factory in Bethune street, near Wash- 
ington street, where for nearly thirty-five 
years he remained in business, furnishing 
material for many of the finest dwellings, 
stores and public buildings in New York 
and vicinity, — notably the residences of 
William B. Astor, Alexander T. Stewart 
and A. A. Low; the Fifth Avenue hotel, 
the Brick church, etc., etc. 

In 1889 Mr. Carpenter sold his mill and 
factory in New York and removed to Ma- 
plewood. New Jersey, where he purchased 
a tract of land and erected thereon a num- 
ber of beautiful dwellings, changing the 
whole character of the section from a for- 
lorn and unsightly aspect to a delightful 
and attractive neighborhood. 

Whatever leisure hours Mr. Carpenter 
has had have been spent in historical and 
genealogical research. He has furnished 
much valuable data regarding the early 
Long Island and New Jersey families, es- 
pecially those of Dutch origin. Many arti- 
cles from his pen on these and kindred sub- 
jects are to be found in the periodicals de- 
voted to such matters. 

In politics Mr. Carpenter is a Republican, 
but has never held any ofifice except that of 
school trustee. He belongs to no club or 
secret society. In religion he is a Metho- 
dist, and in his church and home finds the 

very acme of all this world can give of true 
happiness. His wife, one son, four daugh- 
ters and five grandchildren constitute the 
family as numbered at this date. 

The son is Dr. Marvin H. Carpenter, 
dentist, of South Orange. One daughter, 
Jessie, is the wife of Clarence B. Riker. 
Aliss Idelette is teacher of botany in the 
high school. New York; Miss Alice is 
teacher of sewing and Miss Grace of draw- 
ing in New York city schools, but residing 
at Maplewood. 


To have attained to the extreme fulness 
of years and to have had one's ken broad- 
ened to a comprehension of all that has 
been accomplished within the flight of 
many days, is of itself sufiScient to render 
consonant a detailed consideration of such 
a life in a work of this order, but in the 
case at hand there are more pertinent, 
more distinguishing elements, — those of 
usefulness, of high honor, of marked in- 
tellectuality, of broad humanitarian spirit, 
— which lift high in regard the subjective 
personality of one who has ever stood four 
square to every wind that blows. No 
shadows darken any period of the long and 
honorable life of him whose name initiates 
this paragraph, and his has been the heri- 
tage of an ancestry typical of all that 
makes for integrity and true worth in the 
various relations of life. 

A resident of Montclair (formerly a por- 
tion of Bloomfield), New Jersey, and one 
of the best known and most highly re- 
spected members of the community where 
so many years of his life have been passed, 
the venerable subject of this review is the 
president of the Bloomfield Savings Insti- 




tution, at Bloomfiekl, an institution in 
whose foundinsj he was prominently con- 
cerned and with whose affairs he has been 
intimately identified from the time of its 
organization. Mr. Potter is a native son 
of New Jersey, having been born in Hun- 
terdon county, on the i8th of September, 
1813, the son of Jonathan and Hannah 
(Woolverton) Potter, both of whom were 
born and reared in New Jersey. In both 
the paternal and maternal lines the ances- 
try of Mr. Potter has stood representative 
of patriotism and sterling worth of charac- 
ter. His maternal grandfather, Jonathan 
Woolverton, was a native of New Jersey 
and held a colonel's commission in the 
United States army. After many years of 
service he resigned his commission, retired 
to private life, taking up his abode on a 
farm in Hunterdon county, where he 
passed the residue of his days. Samuel 
Potter, grandfather of our subject in the 
agnatic line, was likewise a native of New 
Jersey, and he served with distinguished 
valor in the Continental army during the 
war of the Revolution. He was of Eng- 
lish extraction, the original American an- 
cestors of the family having emigrated 
here in an early epoch of our colonial his- 
tory and settled in New England, whence 
representatives eventually made their way 
to New Jersey, being among the pioneer 
families of the state. Thus, bearing an 
honored name, and having granted to it an 
added dignity by a life of honor and useful- 
ness, it is clearly incumbent that our sub- 
ject be accorded distinctive recognition in 
these pages, which memorialize many of 
the leading families of Essex county. 

Jonathan W. Potter was reared to the 
sturdy discipline of practical life, though he 
was accorded such educational advantages 

as were available, attending school in Som- 
erset county, in the immediate vicinity of 
his home, which was located near the di- 
viding line between the two counties men- 
tioned. He left school at the age of four- 
teen years to become assistant to his father 
in the gristmill owned and operated by the 
latter. Thus it may be consistently said 
that he grew up in the mill and became fa- 
miliar with the various details of the busi- 
ness. .\bout the time he attained his 
eighteenth year his father died and the 
property was sold. Some time subsequent 
to this Mr. Potter located in Pottersville, 
Hunterdon county. — a place whose name 
was derived from the family of which he is 
a representative, — and here he opened a 
general-merchandise store, which he con- 
ducted for a period of six years, after which 
he removed to Morristown, Morris coun- 
ty, where he entered into a partnership as- 
sociation with Jesse Smith and became 
once more identified with that line of en- 
terprise with which he had been concerned 
as a boy, — erecting a gristmill, which was 
operated under the firm name of Potter & 
Smith for several years. Finally dispos- 
ing of his milling interests, Mr. Potter re- 
moved to Brooklyn, New York, where he 
engaged in the retail grocery business, at 
the corner of Fulton and Oxford streets, 
where he carried on a successful trade for 
six years, after which he sold out and came 
to Bloomfield, New Jersey, in which sec- 
tion of Essex county he has ever since 
maintained his home. 

As has already been stated, Mr. Potter 
was one of the organizers of the Bloom- 
field Savings Institution, a concern whose 
affairs have been conducted upon the con- 
servative and honorable principles which 
make for reliabilitv and consecutive expan- 



sion. and the institution has been of great 
value to the people of the locality. He 
has been president of the institution for 
the past five years, and as its executive 
head has administered its affairs wisely and 
successfully. His name is a synonym for 
honor and integrity, and as the days speed 
on to mark the end of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, brilliant in its record of progress and 
accomplishment, his must be the satisfac- 
tion and the honor which come to those 
whose years have counted to goodly ends, 
— those to whom age comes with the gen- 
tle graciousness of the twilight hour, bear- 
ing its compensation and its benediction. 

In the year 1838 was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Potter to Miss Gertrude 
Craig, a daughter of William Craig, of 
Hunterdon county. For nearly sixty 
years, one in hope, in purpose and in mu- 
tual devotion, they have traveled life's 
pathway together, and theirs is the solace 
of knowing that the blessings have tem- 
pered the sorrows and that, like Philemon 
and Baucis, there is the love which will en- 
dure and uphold them until the mortal is 
merged into immortality. They became 
the parents of eight children, of whom 
only two survive, — Elizabeth, the wife of 
Theodore H. Ward, of Bloomfield; and 
Anna, who remains at home. Of the other 
children we make brief record as follows : 
The firstborn was a son, who died in in- 
fancy; Samuel J. lived to attain the age of 
forty years; Robert C. died after at- 
taining manhood; Gertrude C. died in 
childhood; as did also another daughter, 
Laura Clark; and Emmeline B. was 
drowned in a canal when a child of five 
years. Mr. Potter has accumulated a val- 
uable property, including his own delight- 
ful home, and the evening of his life will be 

blessed with the comforts and environ- 
ments and associations which engender 
content and happiness. 


was born in South Orange township, on 
what is now Valley street, Maplewood, July 
10. 1847. His father, Lewis Pierson, was 
born on the old family homestead in 1801, 
and was a son of Samuel Pierson, who was 
also a native of Essex county and a de- 
scendant of one of the prominent colonial 
families. Lewis Pierson was reared on a 
farm and when a young man engaged in 
general merchandizing. In 183 1 he built 
the \'alley Mill, which at that time was one 
of the largest mills in this section of the 
country. He followed that business with 
marked success during his life and accu- 
mulated a good property. He was united 
in marriage to Miss Abbie Susanna Beach, 
a native of South Orange, and a daughter 
of David Beach. They became the parents 
of five children, three of whom died in in- 
fancy, while Harriet Beach died in August, 
1896, leaving our subject the only surviv- 
ing member of the family. In early life 
Mr. and Mrs. Pierson were members of the 
First Presbyterian church of South Or- 
ange, and later placed their membership in 
the Springfield Presbyterian church, of 
which he was a trustee. Politically he was 
an old-line Whig until the organization of 
the Republican party, when he joined its 
ranks. He departed this life in 1889 and 
his wife passed away in 1886. 

As before stated, our subject is the only 
survivor of the family. In early youth he 
attended the district school, later pursued 
his studies in the Newark Academy, and 
completed his education in the New York 

ESSEX coryTY. 


University, where he spent three years. 
After leaving school he went west and be- 
came familiar with the ^rain l)usiness dur- 
ing his sojourn in that country. He spent 
much time at the hoard of trade in Chi- 
cago and became thoroughly acquainted 
with the business in all its details. On re- 
turning from the west he was for ten }ear5 
engaged in the wholesale grain business in 
New York city, after which he went to 
South Orange and assumed the manage- 
ment of his father's business, which he con- 
ducted in that capacity for fifteen years, in 
the meantime making manv modern im- 
provements in the mill, and establishing a 
wholesale and retail hay, grain and feed 
business, which proved a very profitable 
addition to the other interests. Upon his 
father's death he succeeded to the business, 
which he conducts after the most enterpris- 
ing and progressive methods. In 1879 he 
shipped the first car-load of baled hay to 
South Orange. The industry at the time 
did not appear very feasible, and many 
predicted failure, but the first year he sold 
ten car-loads, the second forty-three car- 
loads, and since that time the volume of his 
business has steadily and rapidly increased 
until his sales of hay are very extensive. 
He is one of the largest dealers in grain, 
flour, hay and feed in this section of the 
country. He receives a liberal patronage 
and is conducting a very profitable busi- 
ness. In 1884 he met with a serious acci- 
dent, having his eyesight destroyed in a 
powder explosion. The best possible med- 
ical aid was summoned, but all to no avail. 
He continued his business, however, and 
there is now no move successful business 
man in Essex county than Hubert L. Pier- 
son. He is a director of the Second Na- 
tional Bank, of Orange, and is a man of 

broad capabilit)^ and resource in business 
affairs. He possesses keen discrimination, 
tmabating energy and tmtiring persever- 
ance, and his reputaliim t(jr reliability and 
trustworthiness in all affairs of trade is in- 
deed enviable. 

On the 17th of May. 1871. .Mr. Pierson 
was united in marriage to ^Nliss Emma C. 
Kays, of Newton, Sussex county, New 
Jersey, a daughter of Henry B. Kays. Two 
children were born of this union : Lewis 
Henry, who is associated in business with 
his father; and Emma Maud, at home. 
Lewis H. Pierson married Miss Eva Brown, 
of Springfield, New Jersey, and they have 
one child. The family attend the Presby- 
terian church and are very prominent in 
the community. Mr. Pierson is a promi- 
nent member of the Masonic fraternity, 
belonging to Century Lodge, No. 100, A. 
F. & A. M. : Orange Chapter, No. 23, R. A. 
M., and Kane Council, No. 2, R. & S. M. 


The subject of this memoir attained to a 
venerable age, and having passed the 
eighty-fifth milestone came to the end of 
life's journey. All along the way he had 
won friends who gave him their high re- 
gard, by reason of his splendid character, 
his manly conduct, his honorable dealing 
and his fidelity to every duty. 

He was born in Caldwell in 1804 and was 
a son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Ogden) 
Woodruff. His father was one of three 
brothers who came to America from Eng- 
land prior to the war of the Revolution, and 
the family settled in Essex county. The 
mother was a daughter of Thomas Ogden, 
a representative of one of the early families 
of the county. Thus reared to manhood 

1 66 


in tliis locality, Thomas O. Woodruff ac- 
quired his education in the common schools 
and spent his youth in the usual manner of 
lads of the period. 

After attaining his majority he married 
Miss Hannah Markvvith, who was born in 
Orange, in 1808, a daughter of Richard 
Markwith, also a native of Orange. He 
was a son of John Markwith, whose father 
came from Germany to the United States 
in colonial days. While on his way to 
Essex county he was taken prisoner and 
held by the Indians for some time. Finally 
he succeeded in killing his guards and was 
then hid by a squaw in a hollow log, where 
he remained for the three days, waiting the 
opportunity to escape. The mother of Mrs. 
Woodruff bore the maiden name of Ester 
Ward, and she was born and reared in 
South Orange. 

After his marriage Mr. Woodruff' resided 
in Orange until the 15th of December. 
1828, when he removed to the house which 
is now the home of his widow. He greatly 
improved the place and there carried on 
farming to some extent. Eleven chi'dreu 
came to bless their home, namely: Alex- 
ander, who died in childhood; Mary, widow 
of John Atchison; Ann Eliza, deceased wife 
of .'\nthony Kunick; Charles T., who died 
at the age of eight years; John W., who is 
living in West Orange township; Lys- 
ander, who died at the age of eleven years; 
Ester, who died at the age of fifteen; Her- 
man, of Orange; Rebecca, who is the wife 
of Joseph Tilley and resides on the old 
homestead; Thomas B., of Orange; and 
Hannah Maria, who died at the age of four 

Mr. Woodruff held many local offices of 
trust and responsibility and discharged his 
duties with a promptness and fidclitv which 

won him high commendaticjn. He attended 
the Presbyterian church and was aChristian 
man. In his political faith he was a Demo- 
crat. He passed away on the 15th of 
March. 1889, and the memory of his good 
deeds is yet enshrined in the hearts of all 
who knew him. Mrs. W oodruff is still 
living at the old home, where she has re- 
sided for almost seventy years, and retains 
possession of her physical and mental facul- 
ties in a remarkable degree. 


w ho is now holding the responsible position 
of collector of ta.xes in Orange, is a citizen 
who has the utmost regarjl and confidence 
of his fellow townsmen and well merits their 
respect and appreciation of his services. He 
was born in Orange on the 13th of March, 
1831, being the second son of Job \\'illiams 
and Catherine Tichenor (Stiles) Williams. 
The ancestry can be traced back through 
Jeniah, Zophar, Joseph and Gersham to 
Matthew \\'illiams, who establi.shed a home 
in the Newark mountains, now called Tory 
Corner, West Orangi\ in 1686. Jeniah 
Williams, the grandfather, married Char- 
lotte Pearce, of Fairfield, Caldwell tounshi]). 
Essex county. The mother of our subject 
was a daughter of Captain John Stiles, a son 
of Samuel Stiles, of Montville, Morris coun- 
ty. Her mother was a descendant of Mar- 
tin i'ichenor, 1688- 1732, through David 
Tichenor, 1721-1788, and Jabez Tichenor, 
who wedded Mary Darcy and resided in 
Hanover, Morris county. Their daughter, 
Eleanor, was the mother of Mrs. Job Will- 

In early life Chauncey G. Williams 
learned the hatter's trade under the direc- 
tion of his father, mastering the business in 



all its departments and becoming an ex- 
pert workman. He later engaged in the 
industry on his own account, successfully 
conducting a hat factory until ill health 
compelled him to relinquish the enterprise. 
His business was conducted with the strict- 
est regard to the ethics of commercial life, 
and the enviable reputation sustained by the 
house, combined with energy, enterprise 
and progressiveness, brought to Mr. \\'ill- 
iams an excellent trade. 

In 185 1 Mr. Williams was united in mar- 
riage to Aliss Emily Frances, daughter of 
Joseph and Hannah (Francisco) Ward, of 
Harrison township, now Kearney, Hudson 
county. Their children are five in number. 
— three sons and two daughters: Frederick 
Herbert. Charles Eckford, Richard Irving. 
Emilie Frances, and Mrs. Mabel J. 
Knowles. The family is one of prominence 
in the community, their true worth insuring 
them a warm reception in the best homes 
of the neighborhood, while their own house- 
hold is noted for the gracious hospitality 
there extended. 

In earlier years Mr. Williams ranked 
among the leading and influential factors in 
the political life of this section of Essex 
county, his nt^liations being with the 
Democratic party. He has been honored 
with various offices of trust and responsi- 
bility, and that his intrinsic honor and eligi- 
bilit}' have been duly appreciated is evi- 
denced in the fact that he has enlisted the 
endorsement of both of the leading political 
parties. In 1868 he was elected a member 
of the common council of Orange, and the 
following year was chosen to represent his 
district in the state legislature. In 1870 he 
was appointed city auditor of Orange, and 
in November. 1874, he was appointed treas- 
urer and collector of taxes, which responsi- 

ble position he has retained up to the pres- 
eyit time. Xo higher testimonial to his 
elificient service and his promptness and 
trustworthiness could be given, than that 
which is exemplified in his long tenure of 
public office. For thirty years he has con- 
tinuously held position of public trust, and 
in the fulfillment of his duties has revealed 
the constancy, integrity and fidelity which 
are among his cardinal characteristics. Few 
men in the community are more widely 
known, and no one has the regard of his 
friends in a greater degree than has Mr. 
Williams. In his fraternal relations he is 
a Mason, being one of the oldest members 
of Union Lodge. Xo. 11. A. F. & A. M. 
He and his family attend the Episcopal 


deceased, was one of the leading German 
citizens of Livingston township, Essex 
county. He was born in Obernkirchen, 
Germany, on the 26th of September. 1830, 
a son of August and Charlotte (Vogt) 
Becker, the former a glass manufacturer. 
Our subject acquired a collegiate education 
and when eighteen years of age began 
preparation for the bar, but. owing to finan- 
cial reverses which overtook his father, he 
was forced to relinquish the plan of enter- 
ing professional life and to earn his living 
through means of agricultural pursuits. 
He accepted the position of superintendent 
of a large estate, and continued his resi- 
dence in the land of his nativity until i860, 
when he bade adieu to home and friends 
and sailed for the Xew \\'orld. 

He took passage on a westward-bound 
steamer, which, after seventeen days spent 

1 68 


on the bosom of the briny deep, dropped 
anchor in the harbor of New York. He 
then made his way to Livingston township, 
Essex county, where he purchased seventy- 
two acres of land of Daniel Range. Giving 
his attention to its development and cultiva- 
tion he transformed his land into a beautiful 
farm and built a model residence, this being 
one of the finest country seats in that sec- 
tion of Essex county. In 1867 he planted 
a number of evergreen trees, which have 
now grown to mammoth size and throw 
their grateful shade over the lawn, protect- 
ing it from the hot summer sun. All mod- 
ern improvements and conveniences were 
added to the farm by Mr. Becker, who was 
a most progressive and practical agricul- 

On the 26th of February, i860, was cele- 
brated the marriage of Mr. Becker and Miss 
Matilda Henrietta Ida Bohlens, who was 
born in Bremen, Germany, July 17, 1835, 
a daughter of Jurgen Lira and Emma Ma- 
tilda Julaine (Bastran) Bohlens, who died 
in the Fatherland. Mrs. Becker came to the 
United States in 1859, and after her mar- 
riage went to her husband's home, since 
which time all the interests of her Hfe have 
centered around this beautiful place, where 
she still resides. To Mr. and Mrs. Becker 
were born six children, five of whom are 
still living: Matilda Franciscan; Henrich 
Carrol Frederick; Frederick August, who 
died at the age of seven months; W'ilhelm, 
who married Frances Lavinia Congle and 
has one child, Floyd Carl; Frederick Aug- 
.ist. who married Alice Eveline Brenner, 
and had one ciiild. Carl Walter, who died 
at the age of six years; Matilda Henrietta 
Ida, wife of Albert Frentzloff, by whom she 
had two children, Maria Louise surviving. 

Mr. Becker served as school trustee and 

took a deep interest in educational matters, 
giving his children good advantages in that 
direction in order to fit them for the respon- 
sible duties of life. He was a Democrat in 
his political relations and he and his family 
held membership in the German Reformed 
church. His death occurred November 3, 
1896, and the entire community mourned 
the loss of one of its most valued citizens, a 
man whom to know was to respect and 
honor. Mrs. Becker still resides on the old 
homestead, surrounded by her family and 
friends. She is a lady of culture and refine- 
ment, esteemed by a large circle of friends. 


a highly respected citizen of Livingston, 
was born at Troy Hills, Morris county. 
New Jersey, on the 19th of August, 1848, 
and received his educational discipline in 
the public schools. After securing such ad- 
vantages as were afforded by these institu- 
tions of learning, Mr. Granniss entered 
upon the vocation of a farmer, assisting his 
father on the old homestead and engaging 
in the dairy business, and is now one of the 
enterprising and prosperous agriculturists 
of Essex county. 

Mr. Granniss was united in marriage on 
the 18th of September, 1872, to Miss Emma 
E. Force, a daughter of John H. Force, 
and two children were born to them, John 
H., a graduate of the Caldwell high school 
and at present a law student at Newark, 
and Rachel E. Airs. Granniss was called to 
her eternal rest in 1894. Our subject is now 
school commissioner, and a member of the 
town committee. 

John Granniss, father of our subject, was 
born in Orange county, New York, on the 
1 8th of November, 1815, and was a son of 



Henry and Julia (Dains) Granniss, the for- 
mer of whom was a native of Connecticut, 
the latter having been born in New York. 
John Granniss was reared in Orange coun- 
ty, Xew York, until attaining his sixteenth 
year, when he moved to New York city, and 
then to Morris county, New Jersey, where 
he learned the shoe-making trade, following 
the same in Orange county. New York 
city and in Orange, New Jerse\'. In Morris 
county he comliined the two vocations of 
shoe-making and farming. In the fall of 
1854 Mr. Granniss settled in Pleasantdale, 
West Orange township, Essex county, 
and later moved to Orange, where he he- 
came actively identified with matters of pub- 
lic interest. 

In his jiolitical faith Mr. Granniss was 
originally a Democrat, but was one of those 
who early took up the cause of free soil and 
abolition, and later he entered the ranks of 
the Republican party. 

He was elected as first marshal of Orange, 
holding that oftice one term. In the spring 
of 1869 he located in Livingston township, 
where he purchased a farm of seventy-five 
acres, on which he has since lived, engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. Mr. Granniss was 
elected assessor, and has also served as 
township clerk for one year, township com- 
mitteeman five years, freeholder three years, 
collector of taxes six years and justice of 
the peace for ten years, besides which he 
has been administrator of several large and 
important estates. 

John Granniss was united in marriage on 
the 24th of May. 1836, to Miss Rachel A. 
De Hart, a native of Morris county and a 
daughter of Daniel De Hart, who is a rep- 
resentative of one of the old and distin- 
guished Xew Jersey families. By this union 
five children were born, as follows: Marv 

Elizabeth, who died in infancy; Laura 
Frances, the wife of William H. Hall, of 
Orange; Martha Ann, who married Lewis 
Bruen, of Springfield, Illinois; Mary C., 
married Frederick Daum, of Orange, and 
died in 1888; and Daniel D., the immedi- 
ate subject of this review. 


was born in Livingston township, Essex 
county. New Jersey, December 5, 1846, 
and has spent the most of his life in this 
township, where he is well known and high- 
ly respected. 

Mr. Winans is a son of William B. and 
Betsey (Smith) Winans. The Winans fam- 
ily have for several generations been resi- 
dents of New Jersey. William B. \\'inans 
was born in Hanover, Morris county, De- 
cember 19, 1813, son of Isaac Winans, who, 
with his sister Hattie, was left an orphan 
in early childhood. Isaac Winans was 
reared at Battle Hill, ]\Iadison county, and 
went from there to Morris county, where 
he learned the tailor's trade — a trade he 
followed, in Morris and Essex counties, for 
many years. He died April 5, 1814, and 
his last wife sur\ived him a number of 
years, her death occurring December 16, 
1834. He was tw^ice married. By his first 
wife, wdiose maiden name was Mary Beach, 
he had the following named children : 
Jacob, Cyrus, John, Nathaniel, Susan, 
Lydia, and Mary. For his second compan- 
ion he wedded Abigail Ball, a daughter of 
William Ball, of Morris county, and by her 
had three sons, Isaac, Joseph and William 

\\'illiam B. \\"inans spent the first sixteen 
years of his life on a farm. The next five 
years he was an apprentice to the trade of 



shoemaker, and this trade he followed for 
the long period of fifty years. He was 
married December 24. 1835. to Betsey 
Smith, a native of Livingston township. 
Essex county, New Jersey, and a daughter 
of Allen Smith. The record of their child- 
ren is as follows: Sumner M., who died 
at the age of sixteen years; Smith, who 
lived only a year and a half; Thomas J., 
of Binghamton. New York: Sidney B.. 
whose name introduces this sketch; Susan, 
wife of H. C. McBrair. of Livingston town- 
ship; and Mary E.. wife of S. W. Force, 
of Madison. Xew Jersey. Mr. \\'inans has 
lived in Livingston township since 183 1. 
and during his long life here he has been 
prominent and active in local affairs. He 
has served on the board of chosen free- 
holders, has been chairman of the township 
committee, and has acted as election judge. 
He was in early life a Whig. \\'hen the 
Republican party was organized he identi- 
fied himself with it and has supported it 
ever since. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church of Hanover. 

Sidney B. Winans, the immediate subject 
of this review, has. as above stated, passed 
nearly the whole of his life in Livingston 
township. After finishing his studies in the 
district schools he went into a carriage 
factory in Newark to learn the trade of 
carriage-maker. Later he turned his atten- 
tion to the carpenter's trade, at which he 
has worked extensively for a niunber of 
years. In 1877 he went west to Nebraska, 
later returned east and located in Delaware, 
and from there came soon afterward to his 
old home in Livingston township. 

He was married in September, 1875. to 
Miss Elizabeth Parsels, a native of Scran- 
ton, Pennsylvania, and a daughter of Ben- 
jamin T. Parsels. Mr. and Mrs. Winans 

are the parents of three children, namely: 
Benjamin C, Alice "M., and Ray P. 

Mr. Winans is a Republican and a promi- 
nent figure in local affairs. For fifteen 
years he has been a justice of the peace. 
He has served as a member of the township 
committee, has been on the board of edu- 
cation, and is now serving his fourth year 
as district clerk. Fraternally he is identi- 
fied with the Junior Order of American 
Mechanics. In religion he adheres to the 
faith in which he was reared, and both he 
and his wife are members of the Hanover 
Presbvterian church. 


a memlier of the Newark board of aldermen, 
representing the ninth ward, is one of the 
enterprising and thorough-going young 
business men of the city of Newark. 

J. Henry Bacheller was born in Newark. 
New Jersey, February i, 1869, and is the 
son of John C. Bacheller, also a native of 
Newark, and by occupation a manufacturer. 
Joseph Newhall Bacheller. the grandfather 
of our subject, was of Alassachusetts birth, 
and a descendant of the Rev. Stephen Bach- 
eller. a noted divine of the old Bay state. 
The Bacheller family is one that was for a 
numljer of generations identified with New 
England, and the "family tree" includes 
the names of many men who have figured 
])r()niinently in their day. among whom 
may be mentioned John G. Whittier and 
Daniel \\'ebster. The mother of Mr. J. 
Henry Bacheller was before her marriage 
Miss Hattie .\. Parcells. She is a native of 
Newark and a daughter of Henry A. Par- 
cells, one of the old settlers of this city and 
of Huguenot descent; and the Parcells 
familv. like the Bachellers, are related to 



numerous prominent and influential people, 
among their relati\es being the Lyons fam- 
ily, of Lyons' Farm, and the Cranes, of 
Newark. Mrs. Bacheller is a niece of 
George D. G. Moore, who was for two 
terms surrogate of Essex county. 

The subject of our sketch was reared 
and educated in his native city, and after 
completing his studies in the Newark high 
school entered the employ of the New York 
Life Lisurance Company, with which he 
was connected for six years. Following 
that, he turned his attention to the real-es- 
tate business, and he is now engaged in 
looking after large property interests be- 
longing to an estate. 

Mr. Bacheller's popularity as an enter- 
prising citizen of his native town was e\i- 
denced in April, 1897, '^y 'lis election to its 
board of aldermen, to represent the ninth 
ward. Also he has been honored by a place 
on the market and public-school commit- 
tees, where he is serving ef^ficiently. Polit- 
ically, he is a Republican, a stanch, active 
worker for the best interests of the party. 
He is a member of the Garfield Club and is 
chairman of its finance committee, and is 
first vice-president of the Newark Field 

April 30, 1895, Mr. Bacheller wedded 
Miss Edith Smith, of Newark, daughter of 
the late Israel P. Smith, of this place. They 
have two children, Muriel and Adele. 


Mr. Elsener became identified with the 
interests of Essex county. New Jersey, in 
1 89 1, and acquired his homestead farm in 
January, 1896. His worth as a citizen of 
the community, however, was not meas- 
ured by the number of years he resided 

Mr. Elsener was of Swiss birth and de- 
scent. He was ushered into life in 1844, son 
of Joseph and Catherine (Tyler) Elsener, 
and was reared and educated in his native 
land, being brought up to farm life and re- 
maining with his parents until reaching 
adult age. Then he started out to make 
his own way in the world. Many difficulties 
appeared in his pathway, but notwithstand- 
ing the many obstacles which arose he sur- 
mounted them, worked his way on and up 
until he had a tine farm and comfortable 

Mr. Elsener followed farming in Switzer- 
land until August, 1 88 1, when, accom- 
panied by his wife and two small children, 
lie took passage for America, and in due 
time landed at New York city. When he 
arrived in New York he had only seventy- 
five cents in money. He had pluck and 
energy, however, and he soon found em- 
ployment, and for some time worked at 
whatever he could get to do. From New 
York he came to Newark. His next move 
was to Chester, this state, where he worked 
by the month for a while. Then he rented 
land in Essex county, was fairly successful 
in his operations and continued to farm 
rented land until January. 1896. when he 
purchased what is known as the Colonel 
Swinger farm, a tract of ninety acres, well 
improved and under excellent cultivation. 

March 4. 1867, Mr. Elsener was married, 
in Switzerland, to Miss Onnon Hess, a 
native of that country and a daughter of 
Melphia and Onnon Maria (Infelt) Hess; 
and their union was blessed in the birth of 
two sons — John, at home, and Joseph, an 
engineer and a resident of Newark. The 
family have been devout members of the 
Catholic church. In his political views Mr. 
Elsener supported the Republican party. 



The death of Mr. Elsener occurred on the 
2C)tli of December, 1897, and the com- 
munity recognized the loss of a true and 
upright man and a valued citizen. 


This well known and much respected 
citizen was born on the farm on which he 
now lives, in Livingston township, Essex 
county. New Jersej', and is a descendant of 
French ancestors wdio settled in this state 
during the colonial period. 

Jonathan Force dates his birth October 
25, 1840. He is the youngest son of Jona- 
than Force, Jr.. and a grandson of Jonathan 
Force, Sr., the former a native of Living- 
ston township. Essex county, and the latter 
of Woodbridge. New Jersey. The first Jon- 
athan Force moved to Essex county soon 
after the Revolutionary war, in which he 
was a participant from beginning to end, 
and shortly after his location in this county 
he built the first tannery in Livingston 
township, having been a tanner by trade. 
In this township he passed the rest of his 
life and here died. 

The second Jonathan Force was born 
and reared upon his father's farm in Liv- 
ingston township, his father having been 
interested in agricultural pursuits as well as 
the tannery business, and after reaching 
manhood engaged in the manufacture of 
shoes, in which he did a large business for 
many years. From time to time he made 
investments, and accumulated one hundred 
acres of valuable land, w'hich is still owned 
by his children. He was a man of sterling 
integrity. He was an attendant upon wor- 
ship at the Northfield Baptist church, was 
identified with the order of Freemasons, 
and in politics was a Whig. He died in 

1846. at the age of fifty-one years, honored 
and respected by all who knew him. Of 
his domestic life, we record that he was 
twice married. His first wife, whose maiden 
name was Electa Cook, was a daughter of 
Peter Cook, of Essex county. His second 
wife was before her marriage Miss Julia 
James. She was born in Dutchess county. 
New York, daughter of George D. James. 
By this last marriage Mr. Force had five 
children, four of whom are living, namely: 
Charles, George J., Sarah E. and Jonathan. 
At the time of the father's death the wid- 
owed mother was left to provide for her 
little children, and nobly did she take the 
place of both parents in bringing them up. 
She lived to the advanced age of eighty 
years, her death occurring in 1882. 

Two of the above named family, George 
J. and Jonathan, reside on the old Force 
farmstead. George J. has spent the whole 
of his life here with the exception of al>out 
a year and a half. He was married in 1861 
to Miss Elizabeth Post, a native of Mont- 
clair. New Jerse\-, and a daughter of John 
and Patience (Corbey) Post. Their only 
child died in infancy. Here, in connection 
with farming, Mr. George J. Force has for 
years carried on shoemaking. 

Jonathan Force, whose name introduces 
this sketch, remained on the home farm 
with his mother and other members of the 
family until the outbreak of the civil war. 
when. September 3, 1861, he enlisted as a 
member of Company D, Twenty-sixth New 
Jersey Volunteer Infantry, and went to the 
front. Among the engagements in which 
he was a ])articipant were those of Fred- 
ericksburg and Chancellorsville. He re- 
mained on active duty until the expiration 
of his term of enlistment, when he was hon- 
orably discharged and returned home. 



Since then he has devoted his attention to 
general farming and dairying at the old 

He was married November 23. 1881. to 
Miss Susan Amanda Baker, a daughter of 
the late Daniel N. Baker of Livingston 
township. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Force are the 
parents of the following children: James 
Walter, Edna Adelia and Jonathan, Jr. An- 
other son, Daniel B., died in 1897, at the 
age of six years. 

Jonathan clings to the religious faith in 
which he was reared, being a member of 
the Baptist church. Politically, he is a Re- 
publican, stanch in the support of his party, 
and interested in all that pertains to the 
welfare of his locality. Jonathan Force 
sers'ed for six years as a member of the 
township committee. 


one of the venerable citizens of Livingston 
township, Essex county. New Jersey, be- 
longs to a family whose identification with 
this state covers a period reaching back 
beyond the Revolution, and whose origin 
is traced to England. The first represent- 
ative of the family to come to America lo- 
cated in Woodbridge, New Jersey. 

Jonathan Force, the grandfather of John 
H., served all through the Revolutionary 
war, and in the war of 1812 was commis- 
sioned a lieutenant. At the close of the 
Revolution he, while yet a young man, set- 
tled in Livingston township, Essex county. 
He married Miss Margaret Cooper, a mem- 
ber also of one of the early settled families 
of New Jersey. By trade Jonathan Force 
was a tanner. He established the first tan- 
nery in this township. Here also he im- 
proved a large tract of land, and for a num- 

ber of years operated both the farm and 
tannery. He and his wife were the parents 
of ten children, all of whom reared fam- 
ilies, namely: Benjamin. Elizabeth, Mar- 
garet. Nancy, Maria, Henry, Lockie, 
Charles, Sarah and Jonathan. The father of 
this family was for many years an acti\e 
member of the Northfield Baptist church, in 
which for years he served as chorister. His 
death occurred in 1849; his wife's, some 
years before. 

Henry Force was a shoemaker by trade. 
His youth was spent in assisting his father 
on the farm and in the tannery, and after 
his marriage to Miss Mary Sidman of 
Bloomfield. New Jersey, he was allotted a 
portion of the home farm and built a house 
upon it. He carried on shoemaking here 
until his death, in 1834. His children, in 
order of birth, are as follows: William, who 
died June 22, 1883; Margaret; Sarah S., 
George B. ; Susan, widow of Isaac Denman ; 
and John H., whose name forms the head- 
ing of this review. 

John H. Force was born in Livingston 
township, Essex county. New Jersey, in 
1829, was about five years old at the time 
his father died, and was reared on the farm 
by his widowed mother, who made this 
her home until her death, about 1872. He 
. had the advantage of a public-school edu- 
cation, and in early life learned the trade 
of shoemaker in his brother George's shop, 
working at this trade until the civil war 
broke out. Since the war he has been 
engaged in farming and dairying, making 
a specialty of the latter. 

Mr. Force was married March 30, 185 1, 
to Miss Rachel E, Jennings, a native of 
Northfield, New Jersey, and a daughter of 
Charles H. and Phoebe (Barnett) Jennings. 
Their union has been blessed in the birth 



uf five cliildren, namely : Emma, deceased 
wife of Daniel D. Grannis; Charles H., 
Orange, New Jersey; Lillian, wife of A. C. 
Knowlton. of Philadelphia. Pennsylvania: 
William L.. Montclair, Xew Jersey: and 
Augustus, Newark, New Jersey. 

;\Ir. Force has always manifested a com- 
mendable interest in public affairs in his 
community and has filled some positions 
of local importance, such as town commit- 
teeman, etc. He and his wife are members 
of the Baptist church. 


of Livingston township, has been identi- 
fied with the interests of Essex county since 
1881. He is a native of Afton, Morris 
county, New Jersey, where he was born 
on the 2ist of August, 1841, a son of Ehas 
P. and Mary M. (Smith) Genung. Elias 
P. Genung also was a native of Morris 
county, where he passed his life, following 
the occupation of a farmer and was promi- 
nent in public affairs, being an old-line 
Whig and later one of the organizers of the 
Republican party in Morris county. He 
held several local offices, among them be- 
ing a chosen freeholder and chairman of the 
township committee during the civil war. 
He married Miss Mary M. Smith, daughter 
of William and Charity (]Mutchmore) 
Smith, and they reared five children. Hi-; 
death occurred on the 12th of August. 
1888, at the advanced age of seventy-three 
years, his wife surviving him at the present 
time, having attained the age of eighty-one 
years, and .still retaining much of the mental 
and physical vigor of her youth. The 
grandfather. Thomas Genung, was born in 
Morris county and was a participant in the 
war of 181 2. The family is of French ex- 

Silas P. Genung passed his youth on his 
father's farm, receiving his education in the 
district schools of the vicinity and remain- 
ing with his parents until the needs of his 
country caused him to enlist, on the 12th 
of August, 1862, in Company C, Fifteenth 
New Jersey \'olunteer Infantry. He par- 
ticipated in all the battles with the Army 
of the Potomac, after the first battle of 
Fredericksburg, and was with Sheridan 
through the Shenandoah valley, where he 
was slightly wounded, which, however, did 
not disqualify him for active service, in 
which he continued until June 22, i8fj5, 
when he was honorably discharged. In 
Fox's report of regimental losses it is stated 
that in the battle of the Wilderness, at the 
"Bloody Angle," the Fifteenth New Jersey 
lost, in about twenty-five minutes' time, 
sixty-two and one-half per cent, of the men 
who went in. He returned to the farm and 
engaged extensively in the broom business, 
which he carried on for a number of years 
until his health failed him, when he retired 
from active work and, in 1881, came to 
Essex county. 

Mr. Genung has given his support to the 
Republican party from the time he first ac- 
quired elective franchise, and he has repre- 
sented the board of freeholders in Morris 
county for three years. He was on the 
connnittee that had in charge the building 
of the soldiers' monument, and in 1896 he 
was elected to the board of freeholders of 
Essex county. He is an advocate of good 
roads and is doing what he can as a free- 
holder to promote improvements in this 
line. Socially he is a member of Madison 
Lodge No. 93, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and of A. T. A. Torbert Post, Grand Army 
of the Republic, of Morristown. 

The marriage of Mr. Genung was sol- 



emnized in April, 1875, when he was united 
to Miss Lizzie Cook, a daughter of James 
B. and Harriet (Elinor) Cook. One son, 
Lester C, was born and they subsequently 
moved to the old Cook homestead in Liv- 
ingston. !Mr. Genung is a member of the 
First Presbyterian church, arid in that faith 
his wife was summoned to her eternal rest 
on August 22, 1897. 


In the subject of this sketch. John P. 
Condit. of West Orange. Essex county, is 
found a representative of one of the early 
settled families of New Jersey. 

Mr. Condit was born on the farm where 
he now lives, November 2, 1838. son of 
David W. Condit and grandson of Japhia 
Condit, both born on this. same farm, the 
former. September 26, 1801; the latter, in 
1760. Japhia Condit was a son of David 
Condit, born in 1734. son of Samuel Condit, 
the first grandson of the progenitor of the 
Condit family in this country. David Con- 
dit settled on this farm at the time of his 
marriage, and the old house in which he 
and his bride went to housekeeping still 
stands. He was a man of prominence in 
his day, was a participant in the Revolu- 
tionary war and held the rank of colonel. 
His son Japhia. when a boy, also took part 
in the Revolution. Japhia Condit married 
Miss Dorcas Dodd. 

David W. Condit. the father of our sub- 
ject, at the age of thirteen years entered 
upon an apprenticeship to the trade of 
carpenter with his brother-in-law. and 
served until he was twenty-one, after which 
he worked at his trade in connection with 
farming, carrying on farming operations at 
the old homestead. He married Miss Cor- 

nelia Perry, a native of this county, and a 
daughter of John and Rachel Perry. The 
Perry family have resided in this country 
for three generations. Mr. and Mrs. Con- 
dit are both deceased, his death having 
occurred May 1 1 , 1 884. They were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church of Orange, 
and, politically, he was first a Whig and 
later a Republican. The children born to 
them were as follows : Lewis, West Or- 
ange, New Jersey; Rosena, who died at the 
age of forty years; and John P., the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 

John P. Gondii's boyhood days were 
passed not unlike those of other farmer 
boys. He attended school in winter and 
worked on the farm in summer, and at the 
home place he has continued to carry on 
farming, as did his forefathers for three 
generations. He is enterprising and pro- 
gressive and keeps fully abreast with the 
times. An important feature of his farm 
is the dairy. 

Mr. Condit was married November 2, 
1865, to Miss Martha A. Baldwin, daugh- 
ter of Marshall and Catharine (Sipp) Bald- 
win. Marshall Baldwin was born in \'e- 
rona. New Jersey, in 1806, son of Aaron 
Baldwin, a representative of one of the first 
families of \'erona; and was by trade a 
shoemaker, which vocation he followed 
through life. He and his wife reared six 
children, namely : Amelia, wife of Ephraim 
Jacobus, West Orange township. Essex 
county. New Jersey; George, a resident of 
Illinois; Martha, wife of John P. Condit; 
Lorana, wife of George Davenport, of Ve- 
rona, New Jersey; Edward, West Virginia; 
and Lewis R.. Livingston, New Jersey. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin are deceased. 
They were members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. Mr. and Mrs. Condit 



have had seven children, three of whom 
are living — Elmer, Stewart and David. 
Ada, their first born, died in childhood, and 
they lost one child in infancy. 

Mr. Condit holds to the same religious 
and political faith in which he was reared. 
He is a Republican and a Presbyterian, 
both he and his wife being members of the 
St. Cloud Presbvterian church. 


a contractor and builder of East Orange, 
was born near Manchester, Lancastershire, 
England, October 21, 1850, a son of Henry 
and Nancy (Ellor) Lee. The father was 
born and reared in Lancastershire and was 
one of a family of six children, the others 
being Esther, Alice, Thomas, James and 
Charles. The father of this family followed 
the occupation of farming, but Henry Lee, 
quitting the farm, learned the trade of fin- 
ishing and dyeing cloths and fabrics, 
which vocation he made his life work. In 
1870 he came to America and resided with 
his sons in East Orange. A fall from a 
lumber wagon in July, 1873, caused his 
death, when fifty-three years of age. His 
estimable wife survived him until February 
15, 1897, passing away at the age of sev- 
enty-three years. They were members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church and were 
people of the highest respectability, having 
the warm regard of many friends. Their 
family numbered eight children, as follows: 
John, who resided in England and at his 
death left one daughter; William, of Lan- 
castershire, England, who married Harriet 
Anderson and has six children; Thomas, 
who married an English lady and came to 
America, locating in Orange, where he 
died in 1888, leaving a family of five chil- 
dren; Joseph, of this sketch; James Henry, 

who was married in this country and now 
resides in Bloomfield, Essex county; Alice 
Jane, wife of Samuel Coopper, of Bloom- 
field, by whom she has four children; 
Charles Andrew and Albert, who died in 
early life. 

Joseph Lee acquired a district-school 
education in his native land and remained 
under the parental roof until nineteen years 
of age. Attracted by the opportunities 
furnished by the new world, and hoping to 
better his financial condition in America, 
he took passage on a westward-bound ves- 
sel which weighed anchor on the 4th of 
December, 1869, and on the i6th of the 
same month landed in New York. He 
then went to East Orange, where his 
brother William resided, and the following 
year the parents and other members of the 
family also crossed the Atlantic. Our sub- 
ject here followed the carpenter's trade, at 
which he had served an apprenticeship in 
his native land. His industry and thrift at 
length enabled him to begin business on 
his own account, and since 1889 he has 
been numbered among the contractors and 
builders of East Orange, though his labors 
have not been confined to this town alone. 
Many of the excellent structures of the lo- 
cality stand as monuments to his enterprise 
and handiwork, and in his identification 
with the building interests of the town he 
has also built up a comfortable competence 
for himself. He is very progressive and 
energetic, and is an active promoter of that 
activity which is the source of all pros- 
perity. In 1872 he purchased his present 
homestead and has made extensive im- 
provements thereon. He also erected and 
owns the building now occupied by the 
First Ward Republican Club, of East Or- 



Mr. Lee is quite active in affairs of a 
public nature tending to the advancement 
of the best interests of the town, and is now 
acting as assistant chief of the fire depart- 
ment in East Orange, to which position he 
was appointed in 1890. He is a member 
of the East Orange Republican Club, is 
now serving as its treasurer and is an ar- 
dent advocate of Republican principles. 

Mr. Lee was married December 30, 
1872, to Aliss Elizabeth Bradley, a daugh- 
ter of George and Martha Ellen (Wilde) 
Bradley. They now have three children : 
Martha Bradley, wife of Joseph Longshaw, 
by whom she has one child, Elizabeth Lee; 
Mabel Alice, a graduate of the East Or- 
ange grammar school; and Henry George. 
Both Air. and Mrs. Lee are sincere mem- 
bers of St. Paul's Episcopal church, of East 


manufacturer of fine harness and equip- 
ments for horses, in East Orange, is a na- 
tive of Sweden and possesses the sterling 
characteristics of his countrymen, — perse- 
verance, energy and progressiveness. It 
is these qualities which make the Swedish- 
American population so valuable an ele- 
ment in our citizenship. Mr. Ingerman 
was born in the county of Skaraborg Laen, 
in the central part of Sweden, June 15, 
1858, and is a son of Charles and Lena 
(Anderson) Ingerman. The schools of his 
native land afforded him good educational 
privileges and he pursued his studies until 
fourteen years of age, when he was appren- 
ticed to a Mr. Peterson in the town of 
Kongsbacka, to learn the saddlery and 
harness-making trade. On the comple- 
tion of a four-years term of service he be- 

gan work as a journeyman for Mr. Peter- 
son and continued in his employ for two 
and a half years more, but the possibilities 
and opportunities of the New World at- 
tracted him and he sought a home in the 
American republic. 

It was in 1879 that Mr. Ingerman 
crossed the Atlantic, leaving home on the 
2d of May, and landing at Boston on the 
19th of the same month. He obtained a 
situation in New Bedford, Massachusetts, 
where he worked at his trade for fifteen 
months, after which he removed to Wo- 
burn, Massachusetts, but in a short time 
went from there to Hartford, Connecticut, 
where he found employment with Smith & 
Born, with whom he remained for ten and 
a half years, one of their most trusted and 
skilled employes. He had their unquali- 
fied confidence and well merited their trust. 

In 1890 Mr. Ingerman returned to the 
land of his nativity, spending a few months 
there, after which he again came to the 
United States, arriving here in the fall of 
1890. He located in Newark, but in Au- 
gust, 1891, removed to East Orange, 
where he opened a store. The following 
year he removed to his present location 
and has since been engaged here in the 
manufacture of harness, saddlery and 
trunks, doing a large and successful busi- 
ness, receiving a liberal patronage from 
among the best people of East Orange and 

On the 25th of April, 1886, Mr. Inger- 
man was united in marriage to Miss Sophia 
Moren, a native of Sweden, and to them 
was born a son, John Henning, but they 
lost this only child, in June, 1889. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Ingerman are pious members 
of the Swedish Lutheran church, and the 
former is a member of Plato Lodge, No. 



122, Knights of Pythias, of Orange. In 
his poHtical sentiments he is a RepubHcan 
and manifests a commendable interest in 
all movements calculated to promote the 
general welfare. He has never had occa- 
sion to regret his determination of making 
America the place of his abode, for fortune 
has favored him here, and he has secured a 
good business, a pleasant home and many 


The incident of birth and family is one 
for which least of all attending man's life 
he can take credit; yet, when an ancestry 
of honorable record may be claimed, it is 
certainly a matter for honest, though un- 
spoken, pride. A name bearing a signal 
place in the judicial history of New Jersey 
and of the country is that of the Honor- 
able Andrew Kirkpatrick, justice of the su- 
preme court of New Jersey from 1793 to 
1803, and thereafter, for twenty-one years, 
chief justice. 

Andrew Kirkpatrick, the subject of our 
sketch, grandson and namesake of Chief 
Justice Kirkpatrick, was born in Washing- 
ton, D. C, October 8, 1844. His father, 
John Bayard Kirkpatrick, was a prominent 
merchant of his day, whose largest inter- 
ests were in foreign trade. Upon the com- 
pletion of liis preparatory studies at Rut- 
gers grammar school, Mr. Kirkpatrick en- 
tered Union College, of Schenectady, New 
York, at which he was graduated in 1863. 
In the choice of a life work the bent of the 
young man's mind inclined rather to a lit- 
erary and professional career than to a 
mercantile life: following, thus, the steps 
of his grandfather, although, as proven in 
after life, not without the astute business 
faculties which gave to his father a place 

among the successful men of his genera- 

Having decided upon the legal profes- 
sion, Mr. Kirkpatrick entered, as a law 
reader, the office of Hon. Frederick T. Fre- 
linghuysen, of Newark, New Jersey, and 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in 
June, 1866, and as a counselor in 1869. 
As a practitioner i\Ir. Kirkpatrick soon 
made for himself a name of no small im- 
portance. While, as occupying a high 
social position, he always commanded a 
clientage among his associates, he has es- 
tablished a reputation as one who is no 
respecter of persons; the poor man and 
the rich alike claiming justice at his hand, 
and the man of low degree finding in him 
no less favor, upon that account, than his 
more important brother. 

Mr. Kirkpatrick, before his elevation to 
the bench, was a jiartner of Mr. Freling- 
huysen, and later of Hon. Frederick H. 
Teese. In April of 1885 he was appointed, 
by Governor Leon Abbett, lay judge of 
Essex county court of common pleas, to 
succeed Judge Ludlow McCarter, which 
position he held, by several successive ap- 
pointments, until December, 1896, when, 
having still an unexpired term of three 
years to serve, he resigned to accept the 
office of judge of the United States district 
court, of the district of New Jersey, ten- 
dered to him by President Cleveland, and 
which was made vacant by the death of the 
Honorable Edward D. Green. 

As 3. jurist Judge Kirkpatrick holds 
claim to a position of eminence and dis- 
tinction; a man of wide reading and sound 
judgment, his cjpinions carry weight 
throughout the legal world, and, for their 
peculiar clearness of statement, possess a 
remarkable virtue, the quality which ren- 




ders them easy of comprehension by the 
lay mind. In addition, it is truly said of 
them, "they command respect for their lit- 
erary excellence and evidence of thorough 

In the social, as well as the professional, 
life of his state, Judge Kirkpatrick holds a 
prominent position. Through both his 
paternal and maternal ancestors he was 
qualified to become a member of the Sons 
of the American Revolution. In fact, he 
was one of the earliest and most energetic* 
promoters of this organization. Of many 
local social clubs and organizations he is 
an active member, having been one of the 
founders of the Essex Club, of which he 
was one of the original governors and for 
fifteen years its treasurer. 

\\'ithout being a strict partisan, the 
Judge has always been a firm supporter of 
the principles advocated by the Demo- 
cratic party. While his name has not been 
without mention in connection with party 
honors, he has declined their acceptance 
except in the line of jjrofessional advance- 
ment. He is, however, greatly interested 
in tlie welfare of the city of Newark and of 
its citizens, and finds time to give attention 
to matters pertaining to the public good. 

At this writing he holds the office of a 
commissioner of the sinking fund of the 
city of Newark, which has in charge up- 
wards of three millions of dollars; he is one 
of the trustees of the Howard Savings In- 
stitution, a director in the Fidelity Title 
and Deposit Companv. and in the Xewark 
Gas Company. 

To his friends Judge Kirkpatrick is 
known as a man of high instincts and warm 
heart, of gracious and courtly hospitality, 
a lover of music and art, a man of quick 
and ready wit. 

Professionally he is recognized as a keen 
student of human nature, a man of insight 
and force of character. These qualifica- 
tions gave him, as barrister, great success, 
and have undoubtedly been to him, upon 
the bench, a secret of his decisions, as his 
familiarity with his profession and his thor- 
ough knowledge of precedents have been 
of his rulings. 

This little sketch of the life of Judge 
Kirkpatrick would be incomplete, even as 
an outline, were no mention made of a 
transaction characteristic of the man, as he 
is known by his fellow citizens, among 
whom he is regarded not alone as an able 
jurist but as a man of highest executive 
and financial ability. Upon the failure of 
the Domestic Manufacturing Company 
(one of the greatest manufacturing con- 
cerns of the county), which occurred in 
1893, Judge Kirkpatrick was appointed its 
receiver and given authority to continue 
the business of making and selling Do- 
mestic sewing machines. This he did, dur- 
ing a period of unexampled monetary 
stringency, and was thereby able not only 
ti) furnish empluvment to hundreds of 
working men, who would otherwise have 
been forced into idleness, but he was like- 
wise able to surrender the property to the 
stockholders as a going concern, with as- 
sets sufficient in value to pay its creditors 
in full. Indifference to such a record 
could not l)e justified in any right-feeling 
man. and not alone from its business, but 
also from its humanitarian point of view, 
the Judge may be congratulated upon his 
noble work in the discharge of the duties 
of this receivership. 

In 1869 Judge Kirkpatrick married 
Alice, daughter of Joel \V. Condit, of New- 
ark, New Jersey. Their children are An- 



drew, Jr., John Bayard and Alice Condit. 
In 1877 Mrs. Kirkpatrick died. The 
Judge married, as his second wife, Louise 
C, daughter of Theodore P. Howell; their 
children are Littleton, Isabelle and Eliza- 

The Judge belongs to Grace Episcopal 


is numbered among the native sons of Eng- 
land who in the New Worlil have achieved 
success in business, demonstrating the op- 
portunities which are afforded here to the 
young man of energy and enterprise. He 
was born at Exmouth, Devonshire. July 
31, 1867, and is a son of Captain Henry 
George and Mary Ann (Harris) Weeks, 
both of whom belonged to old families of 
England. The maternal grandfather was 
Edward Harris. The paternal grandpar- 
ents were Henry and Elizabeth Weeks, na- 
tives of Exmouth, Devonshire, where they 
reared three children : Elizabeth, who 
died when about fifty-three years of age; 
Henry George; and Mary, who died at the 
age of forty-five years. 

Captain Henry George Weeks was 
reared in Devonshire and attended its com- 
mon schools until about seventeen years of 
age, when he shipped before the mast on 
a vessel called the Speck, which was owned 
by Captain Edward Harris, who subse- 
quently became his father-in-law. Mr. 
Weeks, having served a complete appren- 
ticeship under Captain Harris, continued to 
follow the sea until thirty-five years of age. 
He was given charge of the vessels of 
which Captain Harris was owner and be- 
came commander of the Anti-Xerxes. 
W^hile thus engaged he visited the principal 

ports of Europe, where he shipped and re- 
ceived cargoes. He was known as a skill- 
ful and careful navigator. At last he lost 
his life in a storm, the vessel being ship- 
wrecked on the Goodwin shoals in the river 
Thames. All on board were drowned save 
the Captain, who, by the aid of a New- 
foundland dog, Nero, was enabled to reach 
the shore; but he lived only a short time 
afterward. The faithful dog who hafl res- 
cued him was tenderly cared for by the 
family throughout his life. Captain Weeks 
died December 2=;, 1871. His two sons, 
Edward Wallace and Henry George, still 
survive him. The latter, born June 10, 
1869, wedded Mary Daley and now resides 
in Bloomfield, Essex county. 

In his native town Edward Wallace 
Weeks pursued his studies in the public 
schools, but his educational pri\'ileges were 
somewhat limited, for at the early age of 
twelve years he was apprenticed to learn 
the butcher's trade. He served for three 
years and when sixteen years of age crossed 
the Atlantic to America, sailing from Eng- 
land on the 23d of August, 1883. He 
landed in New York on the 7th of Sep- 
tember, and soon afterward secured a posi- 
tion in Elizabeth, New Jersey, with the 
Singer Sewing Machine Company. In 
1885 he came to Orange and worked at 
his trade in the employ of F. J. Skinner. 
He embarked in business on his own ac- 
count in 1893, and now has a well ap- 
pointed meat market and provision store. 
He enjoys a good trade and his honorable 
business methods and careful management 
conunend him to the confidence and good 
will of all. He is an energetic and perse- 
vering man and is regarded as a worthy 

Mr. Weeks exercises his right of fran- 


chise in supportof the men and measures of 
the Democracy, and socially he is con- 
nected with Lafavette Lodge, No. 12, I. 
O. O. F.. at Orange. He was married on 
the 20th of February. 1S88, to Miss Alary 
E. Donahue, and they now have one child, 
Henry Edward, who was born on the 4th 
of January, 1889. They attend the Grace 
Episcopal church and are widely and favor- 
ably known in this community, having 
gained many warm friends during their 
residence here. 

JAMES A. McCarthy 

is one of the leading citizens of Newark 
w ho has attained a distinct recognition for 
services performed by him in advancing the 
welfare and prosperity of his home city, and 
who has been prominently identified with 
])ublic afl^airs ever since reaching man- 
hood's estate. He was born in Newark on 
the 31st of July, 1866, and is a son of Mich- 
ael and Mary A. (deary) McCarthy, both 
of whom were natives of Ireland. His edu- 
cation was acquired in the parochial schools 
attached to St. James' church, in the city 
of his nativity, and after finishing there he 
began to learn the plumber's trade, at the 
age of seventeen, working at that vocation 
for five years, at the end of that time em- 
barking in business for himself in the 
twelfth ward, at the corner of Bowery and 
Richard streets, where he has since con- 
tinued, meeting with that success "that in- 
varialjly attends industry, perseverance and 
an integrity of character that gains for its 
possessor the confidence and respect of all 
with wliom he comes in contact. 

Mr. McCarthy has always taken an active 
part in politics, and for a number oi years 
he has been a prominent factor in the ranks 

of his party. Before he was twenty-two 
years of age he was tendered the nomina- 
tion for assemblyman, but declined the 
honor. In 1895 he was nominated by the 
Democrats of the fifth ward for alderman, • 
and after a bitter fight was elected by a ma- 
jority of seventeen votes, being the only 
new man elected by his party that year, and 
one of the only two successful candidates 
on the ticket. That year he served as a 
member of the committee on printing and 
stationery, the committee on hospitals, and 
the committee on elections. During the 
second year of his term he served on the 
committees on fire departments, hospitals, 
and elections. In 1897 Mr. McCarthy was 
reelected by a majority of five hundred and 
forty. — the largest received by any Demo- 
cratic candidate that year. He is at the 
present writing chairman of the committee 
on public buildings, which is the most im- 
portant committee in the body, as it has 
charge of the new city hospital now in 
course of erection, and is also on the com- 
mittee on fire departments. Mr. McCar- 
thy is a trustee of the Newark City Home, 
and is chairman of that institution, this 
being the second year he has held that posi- 
tion. He is a member of the St. James 
^'oung Men's Christian Association and of 
the Newark Rowing Club. He is a pro- 
gressive, energetic young man. well read 
on matters of current issue, and one of 
whom the city of Newark may well be 

iMichael AlcCarthy, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born on the Emerald Isle about 
the year 1 832, remaining on his native heath 
until 1 85 1 or 1852, when he emigrated to 
the United States, first locating in New 
York city, residing there for about ten 
years, and then coming to Newark, which 



he made his home until his death, which oc- 
curred in May, 1897. For many years he 
was engaged in the wholesale liquor busi- 
ness in Newark, later entering the services 
of the old Newark aqueduct board as super- 
visor of all water ways, — a position he held 
for sixteen or eighteen years, finally retir- 
ing from the board on account of ill health. 
He was well and favorably known in this 
city and took an active part in politics, but 
neither sought nor desired office, preferring 
to assist his friends to political preferments. 
He was a member of St. James' church. 
Catholic, and of the Catholic Benevolent 

Mr. McCarthy was united in marriage 
to Miss Mary A. Cleary, in New York, and 
four children were born to them, two of 
whom survive, Mary E., now Mrs. M. F. 
Murphy, and the subject of this sketch. 


a member of the Newark board of alder- 
men, representing the seventh ward, was 
born in New York city on the 14th of Sep- 
tember, 1859, his parefits being William 
and Catherine (Smith) Dimond. His father 
was born in Dublin, Ireland, and emigrated 
to the United States when about thirteen 
years of age, and here engaged subse- 
quently in the architectural iron business 
in New York city, continuing in the same 
until his death, which occurred in 1872. 
The mother of our subject was born in New 
York state and is still living on her farm in 
the Highlands on the Hudson river. 

William Dimond, the subject of this re- 
view, was reared in the metropolis, receiv- 
ing his education in the public schools, su[)- 
plementing the same with a course of study 
in the New York City College. Upon 

leaving the latter he learned the typesetting 
trade, which he followed for some time, 
working at Troy, New York, and on dif- 
ferent newspapers throughout the state, 
spending altogether about five years in va- 
rious printing offices. In 1878 he quit the 
printing business and went to Montana, 
where he engaged in stock-raising in the 
Yellowstone Valley country, remaining 
thus employed for a period of two years, 
and upon his return east he entered the 
American Veterinary College, at which he 
was graduated with the class of 1883, attain- 
ing the honor of valedictorian, and as the 
result of a competitive examination he was 
appointed house surgeon of the hospital 
under Professor Liautard, with whom he 
remained about one year. He then opened 
an office in New York city, but shortly 
afterward accepted a position in the United 
States Bureau of Animal Industry in the 
department of agriculture, and was sta- 
tioned at Baltimore, Maryland, and in the 
District of Columbia and Virginia, for two 
years, at the end of which time he was or- 
dered to Trenton, New Jersey, to take 
charge of the work in the state, makmg 
Trenton his headquarters, and after investi- 
gating tnatters he moved to Jersey City, 
where he had charge of a corps of about 
seventy-five or eighty assistants. In the 
pursuit of his duties ■Mr. Dimond expended 
in the neighborhood of two hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars, principally in Hud- 
son county. He continued in the govern- 
ment service until the election of President 
Harrison, at which time, thanks to the 
arduous labors of our subject, pleuro-pneu- 
monia was al)out eradicated from New Jer- 
sey. He subsequently gave up his profes- 
sion and accepted a position with a large 
fish house in New York, going to the Pa- 



cific coast, where for two years he was en- 
gaged in shipping fish to New York, travel- 
ing up and down the coast from CaUfornia 
to Alaska. 

Returning east, Mr. Dimond located in 
Newark and became associated with Dr. 
Lawrenz, continuing this partnership for 
about four years, when he took charge of 
the Essex stables, located in Summit street. 
In the spring of 1897 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the board of aldermen as a Demo- 
crat. His father and uncle were both af- 
filiated with that party, and were promi- 
nent in Tammany circles, having held va- 
rious offices in that organization. Mr. 
Dimond is a member of the committees on 
the poor and alms and printing and sta- 
tionery, and is chairman of the committee 
on railroads and franchises. He is a di- 
rector in several building and loan associa- 
tions, and is connected with numerous other 
enterprises of a public nature. Socially 
he is a member of New York City Lodge, 
No. 624, Free and Accepted Masons, the 
Jeft'ersonian Club, and the Joel Parker As- 

Mr. Dimond was married June 23, 1891, 
to Miss Emeline Smith, of the Hudson 
Highlands, and they had four children, of 
whom the following three survive: Helen, 
Thomas and Catherine. 


a member of the firm of Austin, Drew & 
Company, the well known hat manufactur- 
ers of Orange, was born in West Orange, 
New Jersey, on the istof March, 1859, and 
is a son of Edward and Mary Jane (Allen) 
Austin. His early education was received 
in the public schools of Orange, added to 
which was a course of study in the Bryant 

& Stratton Business College, of Newark, 
and then he entered his father's hat manu- 
factory, where he continued until he had 
acquired a thorough and practical knowl- 
edge of the business in all its details, when, 
in 1884, he was admitted to partnership and 
since that time he has been closely identi- 
fied with the interests of the firm. He is 
a man of energy and enterprise, and by his 
thrift, industry and evident business quali- 
fications, he has been instrumental in 
largely advancing the prosperity of the con- 
cern with which he is associated. 

An ardent supporter of the Republican 
party Mr. Austin has had a prominent part 
in local political matters, and is at present 
treasurer of the Fourth Ward Republican 
Club and a member of the city central Re- 
publican committee. In his social rela- 
tions he is afiSliated with Corinthian 
Lodge, No. 159, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and is a charter member of Hillside 
Council, No. 29, Royal Arcanum, of Or- 

Mr. Austin has been twice married, his 
first union being in 1884, taking as his wife 
Miss Florence H. Hiller, a daughter of 
Alexander and Mary Hiller, and they be- 
came the parents of one son, Edward Hil- 
ler, who was born on the i8th of Decem- 
ber, 1885. Mrs. Austin was summoned to 
her eternal rest in 1890. The second mar- 
riage of our subject was solemnized at Or- 
ange in 1892, when he was united to Miss 
Sarah Redington, a daughter of William 
and Mary Redington, and to Mr. and Mrs. 
Austin have been born two children, — 
William Redington and Elizabeth. Mr. 
Austin is a member of the Congregational 
church, while his wife is an adherent of 
Grace Episcopal church, both of which are 
located at Orange. Mr. Austin has, by 

1 84 


virtue of his many admirable qualities, won 
the high esteem and personal regard of a 
large number of friends. 


a florist and horticulturist of West Orange, 
also having of^ces at i86 Main street and 
No. 30 Bell street. Orange, was born in the 
village of Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland, on 
the 14th of June. 1842, and is a son of John 
and Mary (McNabb) McArthur, also na- 
tives of Scotland. The father, a son of 
Peter McArthur, had received a common- 
school education in his native land and as 
a life work he chose the occupation of 
farming, which he carried on until called 
to his final rest at the age of seventy-three 
years. He was a sober, industrious, just 
and conscientious man who won the re- 
spect and esteem of all who knew him. 
His widow still survives and is living with 
her niece, Mary McPherson. They were 
both consistent Christian people, being sin- 
cere members of the Presbyterian church. 
Their family numbered four children, as 
follows: Robert, of this sketch; Mary, 
wife of Thomas Matthews, of Perthshire, 
Scotland; Janett, wife of Mr. McPherson, 
a resident of Northumberlandshire, Eng- 
land; and William, who married a lady of 
his own nativity and resides in Perthshire, 

In the common schools of his native land 
Robert McArthur acquired his education, 
and when he had reached his early 'teens 
was employed at gardening and rose-grow- 
ing. He also acquired a good knowledge 
of horticulture, and followed those lines of 
business in his native land until 1866, when 
he determined to come to America, hoping 
therebv to find a broader field for his labor 

and better financial conditions. Accord- 
ingly he made arrangements to cross the 
Atlantic and left home March 25, 1866, 
landing in New York on the 13th of April. 
He was first employed by James Lennox, 
of New York city, remaining with that 
gentleman for two years, after which he 
spent three years in the employ of D. H. 
Height, of Orange county. New York, as 
a practical gardener. He afterward had 
charge of the grounds of H. H. Farnim at 
Port Jefferson, New York, for two years, 
and in 1873 came to Orange, where he en- 
tered the employ of Dr. E. E. Marcy, having 
entire charge of his greenhouse and lawns. 
For nearly nineteen years he continued in 
that position and adding to his experience 
and knowledge of the business until, well 
qualified for his work and with a capital 
acquired from his own labors, he embarked 
in his present business. In i8qo he estab- 
lished his greenhouses and ofhce on Bell 
street. Orange, where he began the rose- 
growing and horticultural business on his 
own account. He subsequently estab- 
lished his large and commodious sales- 
rooms and ofifice at No. 186 Main street. 
Orange, and in 1896 he also began busi- 
ness at West Orange, in Gaston street, 
where he has made excellent improvements 
and has extensive greenhouses. He has, 
by thrift, energy and perseverance, suc- 
ceeded in establishing a large and profit- 
able business, and demonstrated the fact 
that the road to prosperity is open to all 
who have the energy and ambition to con- 
quer the difficulties that block the way. 

Mr. McArthur was married in Hamilton, 
Ontario, Canada, in 1873, to Jessie Mc- 
Pherson, a daughter of Donald and Ann 
(McDougal) McPherson. To the union 
have been born three children : Annie, 



George and AMlliam, the first two being 
graduates of the Orange high school. The 
mother of this family died in 1883, at the 
age of thirty-eight years. In 1885 IMr. 
McArthur was again married, his second 
union being with Miss Mary Adeline 
Crane, a daughter of George R. and Ann 
(Ward) Crane. They now have one son, 
Ralph C. Mr. and Mrs. McArthur and 
two children are leading members of the 
First Presbyterian church of Oranee. He 
cast his first presidential vote for R. B. 
Hayes, and usually supports the Republi- 
can presidential nominees, but at local 
elections, where no national issue is in- 
volved, votes independently of party ties. 


who is engaged in the manufacture of soda 
and mineral waters in Orange, was born 
on the old family homestead in the town of 
Neuhof, near the city of Lubeck, in the 
province of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 
October 23, 1866, and is a son of Henry 
and Clara (Stuben) Krahn. His maternal 
grandfather was Andrew Stuben. The fa- 
ther of our subject was a farmer by occu- 
pation and was extensively engaged in rais- 
ing the famous breed of Holstein cattle. 
He was a man of much energy and of sound 
judgment in business afifairs, and of 
thoughtful, earnest purpose. He died 
some years ago, but his widow still survives 
him and now resides with her daughter 
Mary. To Mr. and Mrs. Krahn were born 
the following children : Clara, wife of Ar- 
thur Voss, postmaster of the village of 
Pansdorf, Germany, by whom she has one 
daughter; Mary, who is living with her mo- 
ther; Emil, who died at the age of one 
year; Elizabeth, who resides in one of the 
suburban towns adjoining London, Eng- 

land; Helena, wife of John Schwerin, of 
Holstein, Germany; and William, who also 
resides in Holstein. 

Henry Krahn, whose name introduces 
this review, acquired his education in the 
district schools of his native town and re- 
mained under the parental roof until 1886, 
when he decided to come to America. On 
the 1 2th of January, of that year, he sailed 
from the fatherland, and on the 23d reached 
the harbor of Xew York. He did not 
tarry long in the metropolis, however, but 
made his way to Hackensack, New Jersey, 
where he met with an accident that 
brought on a long illness. He returned to 
his native country for medical treatment 
and after remaining for a short time in Ger- 
many again started for America, June 10, 
1887. The vessel in which he sailed 
dropped anchor in the harbor of New York 
on the 22d and once more he found him- 
self in the United States. 

After a time Mr. Krahn took up his resi- 
dence in Orange, where he secured a situ- 
ation with Laurence Harrison. He fol- 
lowed various occupations until December, 
1891, when, forming a partnership with 
Louis Muhly, he engaged in the manufac- 
ture of soda and mineral waters. In 1893 
he sold his interest in the business to John 
J. Barry, and being desirous of again seeing 
the land of his birth he crossed the Atlantic, 
remaining abroad until October, 1893. 
After his return to Orange, he purchased 
the interest of his former partner and under 
the firm name of Barry & Krahn conducted 
a successful business in the manufacture of 
soda and mineral waters. In 1894 he 
bought out his partner's interest and has 
since carried on the enterprise alone. He 
has a very large patronage and derives 
therefrom a good income. 



Mr. Krahn was married in Orange, No- 
vember i8, 1890, to Mary Riegraf, who was 
born August 14, 1872, and is a daughter 
of Frederick and Philomena Riegraf. They 
now have three interesting children : 
Henry, Mary and Clara; and they lost their 
first born, Agnes, who died at the age of 
eight months. Mr. and Mrs. Krahn attend 
the German Presbyterian church of Or- 
ange. Socially he is connected with John 
F. Morse Lodge, No. 183, I. O. O. F., of 
Orange, and in his political predilections is 
a Democrat. 


Among those whose activity in mercan- 
tile circles keeps in motion the busy wheels 
of trade in the metropolis of the country is 
this gentleman, who for many years has 
been one of the leading dealers in and ex- 
porters of fruit in New York city. He has 
attained a prominence in business that is 
due entirely to honorable and systematic 
methods, to indefatigable energy and reso- 
lute purpose, and his success has been 
worthily won. 

A native of Westchester county, New 
York, Mr. Maxfield was born. on the ist of 
September, 1840, being a son of John G. 
and Mary E. (Guion) Maxfield, the former 
a native of Brighton, England, the latter 
of the Empire state. The maternal grand- 
father, Hoagland Guion, located in the vi- 
cinity of New Rochelle, New York. He 
was a son of Charles Guion, who served in 
the war of the Revolution and held a cap- 
tain's commission. The paternal grand- 
father of our subject was William M. Max- 
field, a native of Brighton, England. The 
father, John G. Maxfield, was a carpenter 
and builder in Westchester county for a 

number of years, was later engaged in the 
same line of business in Brooklyn, New 
York, and eventually removed to New Jer- 
sey, where he passed the remainder of his 
life. He died in his eighty-first year, his 
wife having passed away in her sixty- 
fourth year. They were the parents 
of the following named children : Charles 
W. ; John F. ; Henry Guion; Juhett 
G., wife of Thomas Oakes, a prom- 
inent woolen manufacturer of Bloom- 
field, New Jersey; Joseph B., whole- 
sale jobber and importer of fruit, Park 
Place, New York; Eliza W., wife of Joseph 
Hayne, of Bloomfield; Jennie M., wife of 
John Lawrence, a leading representative of 
mercantile interests in Newark; and Adam 
T., deceased. 

John F. Maxfield spent his boyhood days 
in Brooklyn, New York, where his parents 
moved when he was a child, and where he 
received the educational advantages af- 
forded by the common schools. He be- 
gan his business career as a clerk in a fruit 
store in New York city, remaining in the 
same house for several years. From 1856 
until 1859 he lived on his father's farm in 
Morris county. New Jersey, and in i860 
he returned to New York city, where he 
secured a clerkship. Not long afterward, 
however, with capital he had acquired 
through his industry, economy and perse- 
verance, he embarked in business on his 
own account. 

Forming a partnership with his brother, 
Charles W. Maxfield, and James A. Gren- 
zebach, he began operation as a whole- 
sale fruit dealer, at the corner of Washing- 
ton and Fulton streets and has since built 
up an extensive and profitable business, 
Mr. Grenzebach eventually withdrawing 
from the firm. The firm handle all kinds 




of tropical fruits, and in 1867 began doing 
a large business in the packing and ship- 
ping of oranges, bananas and lemons, mak- 
ing extensive importations from the West 
Indies. The new tarilY bill of 1897, how- 
ever, has materially affected their trade in 
this line. They have one of the finest 
wholesale fruit houses in the citv, carrying 
the fruits produced in all parts of the world, 
and using the latest improved facilities for 
the care and shipment of their goods. Be- 
ginning operations on a small scale, Mr. 
Maxfield has steadily worked his way up- 
ward, until he now occupies a leading place 
in trade circles in his line, and as the result 
of his well directed efforts has accumu- 
lated a handsome capital. 

In September, 1875, Mr. Maxfield was 
united in marriage to Miss Caroline Todd, 
of New York city, a daughter of Theodore 
W. Todd. They have a family of nine 
children, six sons and three daughters. In 
1862 Mr. Maxfield removed his family to 
Bloomfield, New Jersey, and they have 
since resided at No. 261 Franklin street, 
where they have a pleasant home whose 
generous hospitality is proverbial. In his 
political views Mr. Maxfield is independ- 
ent, allying himself with no party, but he 
is a progressive, loyal American, support- 
ing the men and measures which he be- 
lieves will best promote the public good. 


A comparison of the relative value to 
mankind of the various professions places 
medicine among the first, and many give to 
it the most important position. Man's 
most prized possession is life, and he who 
alleviates pain and suffering and restores 
health and strength well deserves to be 

numljcred among the benefactors of the 

Dr. Coit was born in Peapack, New Jer- 
sey, on the 1 6th of March, 1854, a son of 
the late Rev. John Summerfield Coit, who 
was born in Bloomfield, New Jersey, on 
the i8th of September, 1828. The grand- 
father, Nathaniel Coit, was one of the pio- 
neers of Bloomfield. His parents were 
Samuel and Sylvia (Lewis) Coit. He was 
ijorn in New London, Connecticut, and 
when a youth of fourteen summers went to 
live with his uncle, David Coit, in New 
\ ork city. He served in the militia there 
in 1813, in defense of the city. 

Rev. John Summerfield Coit was edu- 
cated in Pennington Seminary, in which 
institution he was prepared for the ministry 
and was graduated with high honors. He 
joined the New Jersey conference in 1853 
and continued in active work as a minister 
of the gospel until his death, which oc- 
curred in Des Moines, Iowa, on the 7th of 
January, 1868, he having been transferred 
to the Iowa conference. He was a most 
conscientious and devoted minister, was 
instrumental in the building of a number 
of houses of worship and in leading many 
hundreds of people into the church of 
Christ. His memory remains as a blessed 
benediction to all who knew him, and is 
enshrined in the hearts of all who had the 
honor of his friendship. Upon his death 
his remains were brought back to Newark 
and interred in Bloomfield, whither they 
were followed by about thirty of his fellow 
ministers. In his early manhood he was 
united in marriage to Miss Ellen Neafie 
Herriman, who was born at Honeoye Falls, 
New York, and died in 1894. The follow- 
ing children were born to this worthy 
couple : Henry Leber, Catherine Miriam, 


Carrie Ella, Emma Lavinia, May Frances 
and John Lament, of whom the first three 
are Hving, the others having died in child- 

Dr. Henry L. Coit. wlio acquired his Hi- 
erary education in the pubHc schools of 
Newark, afterward attended the Colleg':' of 
Pharmacy, in Xew York city, where he was 
graduated in 1876 with the valedictori;in 
honors of his class. He followed the pliar- 
niaceutical profession as a chemist for four- 
teen years. After his graduation in phar- 
macy, he was elected a tutor in the college 
of pharmacy, which position he filled until 
1880, when he entered the College of Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons, of New York city, as 
a student of medicine. He was graduated 
at that institution in the class of 1883, and 
at once entered upon the practice of medi- 
cine in Newark, where he has since con- 
tinued. He is a member of the local, state 
and national medical societies and was for 
one term president of the Practitioners' 
Clulj. of Newark. In 1896 he promulgated 
the movement which resulted in the found- 
ing of the Babies" Hospital, of which insti- 
tution he is the attending physician. He 
is a member of the pediatric section of the 
New York Academy of Medicine and or- 
ganized the Essex County Medical Milk 
Commission, which has so largely influ- 
enced the general improvement in the qual- 
ity of milk ofYered for sale throughout the 

The Doctor was married in i88fi, the 
lady of his choice lieing Miss Emma, daugh- 
ter of John -M. (nvinnell, of Newark. 
Three daughters and a son ha\-e been liorn 
to them: John Summerfield. deceased; 
Jessie Barker. Eleanor Ci. and Edith Neafie. 

The Doctor is a member of St. John's 
Lodge. A. !•". & .\. .M.. and is a consistent 

member of the Halsey Street Methodist 
Episcopal church, in which he has held of- 
ficial preferment since the age of twenty- 
one years. He is a man of kindly nature 
and benevolent impulses, and his good 
works have won him the gratitude of man\-. 


of the firm of \'an Iderstine & Odell, con- 
tractors and builders. South Orange, New 
Jersey, is a veteran of the Civil war and 
belongs to a family noted for patriotism and 
sterling worth, his father and grandfather 
having served in the war of 18 12 and the 
Revolution, respectively. 

Tradition says that Grandfather John 
Odell was a Scotchman by birth. This, 
however, is not certain. Little is known 
of his history, as after his service in the 
Revolutionary war he went to New York 
state to find employment, and was never 
afterward heard from. It is supposed that 
he was killed. John Odell, the father of 
our subject, was probably bom in New 
Jersey. He was a wheelwright by trade, 
and in politics he was first a Whig and later 
a Republican. He died in 1892, at the ripe 
old age of ninety-six years. His wife, the 
mother of our subject, died in 1843. Her 
maiden name was Sarah Pruden. She was 
a native of Hanover, Morris county, New 
Jersey, and a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Elisha Pruden. natives of that county. Of 
the children born to John Odell and wife, 
we record that Charles died when young; 
Martha also died in early life; Phoebe 
Maria is the wife ui Joseph Kitchell; Wil- 
liam Henry married Elizabeth O'Dell. of 
Morris county. They are now Hving in 
Laporte, Indiana. Eliza Phoebe, de- 
ceased, married Moses H. Camfield; ILnie- 


line, now deceased, was the wife of Jacob 
A. Skinner, of Warren county. New Jer- 
sey; George P. Odell; next came John T.; 
and Susan M. is the youngest. John T. 
Odell was born in Columbia, Morris coun- 
ty. New Jersey, July 29. 1835; was reared 
at the parental home and enjoyed the ad- 
vantage of a good common-school educa- 
tion. On reaching manhood he turned his 
attention to the carpenter's trade, which 
he then followed for some years. Then for 
fourteen years he was engaged in fruit 
ranching in Delaware. In 1892 he cairie to 
South Orange, resumed work at his old 
trade, and formed a partnership with yir. 
Van Iderstine. \\hich association has 
proved a profitable one, the firm of \'an 
Iderstine & Odell now taking first rank 
among the contractors and builders of 
South Orange. 

Mr. Odell was married in 1857 to Miss 
Fannie Ball, a native of Jefferson Village, 
now known as Maplewood. New Jersey. 
She is a daughter of Charles M. and grand- 
daughter of Noah Ball, the former also a 
native of that place. Mr. and Mrs. Odell 
have five children, namely: Minnie E.. 
widow of Walter Reynolds, has three chil 
dren. Bessie, Helen and Grace: Clarence 
M., who married Sadie Garris, daughter of 
Hamilton Garris; and Fannie, Edith and 
Robert J., at home. 

As already stated. Air. Odell was in the 
late war of the Rebellion. He enlisted at 
Newark in 1862, in the Twenty-sixth New 
Jersey Volunteers, immediately went to the 
front, and saw much hard fighting, being a 
participant in the battles of Rappahannock 
and Fredericksburg, and being with Burn- 
side on his "mud march" in 1863. During 
all his service he showed himself to be a 
brave, true soldier, possessing the same 

valor which distinguished his forefathers in 
the wars with England. He was honor- 
ably discharged and mustered out of the 
service just before the battle of Gettysburg. 
His rank was that of sergeant, and for a 
time he was a member of the ambulance 

Fraternally, Mr. Odell is identified with 
the Masonic Order, having his membership 
in Century Lodge, No. 100, F. and A. M.. 
South Orange. Both he and his wife are 
active members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church at this place, he being a steward and 
trustee of the same. His political affilia- 
tions are with the Republican party; he 
takes a lively interest in local affairs, and 
has served as trustee of the village of South 


for over forty years a boot and shoe mer- 
chant of South Orange, New Jersey, was 
born in Morris county, this state. Septem- 
ber 13, 1828. son of Theodore Van Ider- 
stine, who was probably a native of New 
York citv. Of the ancestry of the family 
very little is known. It is lielieved. how- 
ever, that the great-grandfather came from 
Holland, landing here early in the eigh- 
teenth century. 

The senior Mr. Theodore \'an Iderstine 
was by occupation a shoemaker, which vo- 
cation he followed in the early part of his 
life, later settling on a farm and devoting 
his attention to agriculture. He married 
Miss Susan Van Norton, a native of Morris 
county. New Jersey, and a daughter of An- 
drew Van Norton, probably a native of that 
county, their ancestors having come to this 
country from Holland. The children of 
this worthy couple numbered thirteen, all 



of whom Grandmother Van Iderstine Hved 
to see married and settled in life, her age 
at death being ninety-five years. Grand- 
father Van Iderstine was seventy-eight 
when he died. At this writing the grand- 
children number about one hundred and 
fifty. Throughout its history the famil\- 
has been noted for its patriotism. The 
father of our subject served. in the war of 
1S12, and three of his sons were partici- 
pants in the late Rebellion. Theodore en- 
listed at Newark, New Jersey, in 1862, in 
the Twenty-sixth New Jersey Regiment, 
and immediately went to the front, serving 
as color guard and corporal. Among the 
engagements in which he took part were 
those of Rappahannock and Fredericks- 
burg, he being in two battles at the latter 
place. He was honorably discharged at 
Camp Frelinghuysen in 1863, on the eve of 
the battle of Gettysburg. 

Mr. Iderstine in early life took :\]i his 
father's trade, that of shoemaker, and is 
still engaged in the shoe business. At one 
time he manufactured shoes for the leading 
houses in New York, conducting a business 
which rec|uired the labor of about eighteen 
men. Now he has a shoe store and general 
repair sho]) on Second street. South Or- 
ange, and is doing a successful business. 

Mr. Van Iderstine married Miss Marv 
Jane Van Winkle, a native of Morris count v. 
New Jersey, whose ancestors were proba- 
bly of Holland origin. Their children are 
as follows: Daniel Wesley, who married 
Miss Mary Staley; Theodore, who married 
Miss Josephine Vanderhof; William, \\ho 
married Miss Mary \'anderhof; Susan, wife 
of George Barnard; and Etta, wife of F"rank 

Politically. Mr. \'an Iderstine affiliates 
with the Democratic party, and has always 

taken a commendable interest in public af- 
fairs, but has never sought nor filled public 
office. He is a member of the Order of 
American Volunteers and of the Masonic 
fraternity, his membership in the latter be- 
ing with Century Lodge, No. 100, South 

Mrs. Van Iderstine is a devoted and con- 
sistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 


funeral director and undertaker of West 
Orange, was born in this city, November 2, 
1S44, a son of David and Charlotte (Wil- 
liams) Van Buskirk. The former was born 
in Paterson, New Jersey, and was a son of 
Cornelius Van Buskirk, who was of Hol- 
land Dutch extraction. Having accjuired 
a district-school education, he learned the 
trade of shoemaking, which occupation he 
followed in his early manhood. Later he 
followed various pursuits. He died in his 
native city at the age of sixty-seven years. 
His wife was a daughter of Joseph and 
Mary \\'illianis. and died at the age of fifty- 
si.\ years. David \'an Buskirk was a loyal 
and devoted citizen, whose well spent life 
commanded the regard of all with whom 
the duties or pleasures of life brought him 
in contact. He was true to his friends, de- 
voted and loving to his family, and was a 
consistent Christian, both he and his wife 
holding membership in the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. Their family numbered the 
following: Aaron, of Morrisville, Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, who married Sarah 
'Si. Kanause and has four children living; 
Levi; Ira, of Plainfield, who wedded El- 
mira \'ermule and has three children living; 
and Sarah J., wife of John E. Brundage, of 



West Orange, by whom she lias five chil- 

Levi Van Buskirk acquired his education 
in the Oranges. He remained under the 
parental roof until he had attained his ma- 
jority, and then started out in life on his 
own account. He first engaged in the shoe 
business for a number of years in Freeman 
street, Orange, and in the enterprise met 
with very- satisfactory success. In 1878 he 
also opened his undertaking establishment, 
which he conducted in connection with the 
other until 1881, when he disposed of his 
shoe store. In 1883 he opened his present 
ofifice and w arerooms on Freeman street. 

On the loth of April, 1865, was cele- 
brated the marriage of our subject and Miss 
Mary E. Smith, a daughter of Edward G. 
and Katharine (\\'ilcox) Smith, who were 
of Scotch ancestry. The wedding took 
place in Springfield, Union county, and to 
them have been born four children: Hattie 
Amelia, who was graduated at the high 
school in Orange and is now the widow of 
Elmor Gordon, by whom she has two chil- 
dren — Mabel and Ernest; Charles G., who 
married Carrie Coursen. and is engaged in 
the business of staining glass, with oftices 
in Newark; Ernest L., a graduate of the 
West Orange school, now with his father; 
and Lottie G.. now a student in the West 
Orange high school. 

Mr. and Mrs. Van Buskirk are both faith- 
ful members of the First Presbyterian 
church of Orange. The former takes quite 
an acti\'e interest in public affairs and lends 
a hearty cooperation to all movements cal- 
culated to prove of public benefit. In 1887 
he was elected to the ofiice of assessor of 
A\'est Orange, was twice reelected and 
served three terms, retiring from office as 
he had entered it — with the confidence and 

good will of the public. In 1895 he was 
elected a member of the town committee, 
and in 1896 was reelected, serving as treas- 
urer of the board during his incumbency. 
He discharges his public duties with 
marked fidelity and promptness, winning 
the commendation of all concerned. He 
is a leading member of Union Lodge, Xo. 
II, A. F. & A. M., of Orange; Lafayette 
Lodge, Xo. 12, I. O. O. F.. and is also an 
associate member of the Walt Whitman 
Lodge (of Orange) of the Xational Union. 


is one of the younger physicians residing 
at Xewark who has already achieved 
marked success in his chosen profession, 
and is recognized as an able, progressive 
and enthusiastic practitioner of his home 
citv. He was born in \\'indham, Connecti- 
cut, on the 5th of ^larch, 1867, and is the 
son of Gavin and Martha (Cummings) 
Houston, the former of whom was a native 
of Scotland who came to the United States 
when about nineteen years old, and was 
here for a number of years engaged in the 
book business, later embarking in the in- 
surance line in Xew York city. The 
mother was born in Connecticut, where her 
familv was an old one. dating back to the 
pioneer settlers of that state. ^Irs. Hous- 
ton was called to her eternal rest in 1885. 
Our subject's father has for the past twen- 
tv-eight years resided in East Orange, while 
attending to his business in New York. 

The boyhood of Dr. Houston was spent 
in the Oranges, receiving his primary edu- 
cational discipline in the public schools, 
later attending boarding school for several 
vears. and finally completing his studies in 
the Xewark Academy at Xewark. After 



leaving school he entered the emplov of a 
hrni of contractors in a clerical cajjacity. 
remaining thus engaged for a time, and 
then decided to take up the science of me^li- 
cine, pursuing his studies under the efficient 
preceptorage of Dr. William B. Graves, of 
East Orange, and supplementing the same 
by a course at the University of New York, 
and finally graduating at that institution in 
1894. After obtaining his degree of Doctor 
of Medicine he took up his abode in New- 
ark and engaged in the general practice of 
medicine at the corner of Bloomfield and 
]\Iount Prospect avenues, where he has 
since continued, attaining that success con- 
comitant with and a result of a high or- 
der of mentality, perseverance, abilitv and 
a complete knowledge of the various 
branches of the profession he follows. In 
1895 Dr. Houston was appointed assistant 
bacteriologist of the city bacteriological 
laboratory, a position he retains at this 
writing (1897). He is a member of the 
Essex County Medical Society, is secretarv 
of the Aesculapian Society, and is a past 
chancellor of Covenant Lodge. No. 33. 
Knights of Pythias. 

The marriage of Dr. Houston was sol- 
emnized on the 2rnh of Januarv, 1889. 
when he was united to Miss Phoebe Edith 
Cooke, a daughter of George Cooke. Es(|.. 
a well known citizen of the Oranges. 


was born in Newark. New Jersey, on the 
24th of June, 1863, and is a son of Albert 
and Josephine (Ki])p) Erey. the former of 
whom was a native of Carlsruhe. Baden. 
Germany, where he was born in 1818. He 
was a merchant in the old country, and was 
one of the loval citizens during the Revolu- 

tion in 1848. The family is of royal birth, 
the great grandfather being one of the 
founders of Carlsruhe. The father of our 
subject came to the E'nited States in 1849, 
locating in New York, where he accepted 
a position with the well known firm of Lord 
& Taylor, with which he remained until 
1 85 1, when he moved to Newark and be- 
came associated with Edward Balbach & 
Son in their gold and silver smelting and 
refining works (now the Balbach Smelting 
antl Refining Company) and there contin- 
ued until his death, in 1873. The success 
of the above firm was largely due to the 
energy and ability of Mr. Erey. He was a 
member of the Masonic fraternity in New- 
ark Lodge, No. 7, and a devout adherent of 
the Lutheran church. His wife was also a 
native of Carlsruhe and survived him until 
September 4, 1890. They were the parents 
of the following five children: Josephine, 
now the wife of Erancis B. Chedsey, of New 
York city: Louise, who married Martin 
Rilke, of Germany: Ida, the widow of C. 
W. Sundmacher. of Germany: Katie, the 
widow of W. H. Erb. of Newark: and our 

Dr. Erey received his early education in 
a private German school on Green street, 
at which he was graduated in 1873, and 
then went to Germany and attended the 
real gymnasium of Carlsruhe. a scientific 
college, where he pursued his studies for 
the following three years, at the end of 
which time he went to Muenchen-Gladbach, 
and there entered the gymnasium, graduat- 
ing at the same in 1880. Returning to 
America he entered Phillips Academy, at 
Andover, Massachusetts, at which he was 
graduated in 1881, and in that year entered 
Yale College, but finished only the course 
of the freshman class. In 1882 he attended 







Ijoth the College of Pharmacy and the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons of Xew 
York city, pursuing his studies at the latter 
institution until 1884. when he once more 
visited Germany and entered the L'ni\ersity 
of Bonn, remaining there about a year. 
Upon his return to this country in 1883. he 
became associated with Professor William 
H. Porter, of the Post-Graduate Medical 
School in New York city, taking charge of 
the pathological- laboratory and assisting 
the professor in conducting post-mortem 
examinations in the city department of 
Belle vue Hospital, and at the same time he 
attended the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, at which he was graduated in 
1888. He remained a \ear longer witli 
Professor Porter, adding to his technical 
knowledge Ijy assuming charge of one of 
the first bacteriological laboratories in New 

In 1S89 Dr. Frey located in Newark, 
New Jersey, and there entered upon the 
active practice of his profession, gaining 
the distinction of being the first physician 
in New Jersey to use anti-toxin for the cure 
of diphtheria, and he has given much of his 
attention to the diseases of children. He 
is also greatly interested in surgery and de- 
votes a large portion of his time to develop- 
ing his knowledge in that important 
branch of medicine. The Doctor is a mem- 
ber of the National. State and Essex Dis- 
trict Medical Societies, and was secretary 
of the defunct Newark Medical Associa- 
tion. He is affiliated with the Masonic 
fraternity, his membersbi]) being in New- 
ark Lodge. No. 7. A. F. & A. M., Union 
Chapter. No. 7. R. .\. M., and Kane Coun- 
cil No. 3. K. ct S. M. in his religious faith 
he is a Lutheran and a member of the So- 
ciety of Chosen Friends, and he is a mem- 

ber of the German Liederkranz of Newark, 
the Arion and German singing societies of 
Newark, the Order of the Red Cross and 
the Knights and Ladies of the Golden Star. 
He also holds the responsible position of 
medical examiner for the ^Vashington Life 
Insurance Company of New Jersey. 

The marriage of Dr. Frey was solemnized 
on the loth of De(;:ember, 1884. when he 
was united to Miss Louise Jung, a native of 
Germany, and the following three children 
were born to them: Irmengard Elfriede 
Jose]:)hine. who died of scarlet fever at the 
age of three years and seven months; Ott- 
mar W'edekind Rudolph, aged si.x years; 
and Millie. The Doctor's domestic asso- 
ciations are of the most pleasant nature, 
and he and his good wife enjoy the esteem 
and w arm regard of a large circle of friends. 


The progenitors of the Skinner family 
were born in Scotland, three brothers of 
which came to America in 1621. the year 
following the arrival of the Mayflower, and 
one of them settled in Connecticut, one in 
Massachusetts, and the other in Vermont. 
The father of our subject. Justin P. Skin- 
ner, was a descendant of the latter branch, 
his birth taking place in the Green Moun- 
tain state. His wife was Miss Marian 
Moulton. a native of Connecticut, whose 
grandfather was killed by Indians on the 
forks of the Delaware river, the grand- 
mother taking refuge at the time with some 
friendly Indians. The maternal grand- 
parents' name was Loundsbur)', which at- 
tained considerable fame during the Revo- 
lutionary war. Both parents of our subject 
are now living in Connecticut. 

Ben M. Skinner, the subject of this re- 



view, was born in Plymoulh, Litchfield 
county, Connecticut, on the i/lh of Febru- 
ary, 1859, and passed his youth in the city 
of liis nativit}'. His education was ob- 
tained in tlie |)ul)lic and high schools of 
Plymouth, which he attended until sixteen 
years of age, and was then apprenticed to 
the blacksmithing trade, following the 
same for twelve years. Upon attaining his 
twenty-eighth year Mr. Skinner embarked 
in the undertaking business in Newark, and 
in March, 1895, h^ opened an establishment 
of his own, continuing to successfully pur- 
sue his vocation until the fall of 1896, when 
he was elected on the Republican ticket as 
one of the coroners of Essex county. The 
high degree of popularity attained by Mr. 
Skinner may be appreciated when it is 
stated that he made no effort to secure the 
ofSce of which he is the present incumbent, 
and the first knowledge he had of the mat- 
ter w'as when he was informed of his nomi- 
nation, which was followed as a matter of 
course by his election for a term of three 
years, lie is a capable, energetic gentle- 
man, and is fulfilling the duties of his ])osi- 
tion with an intelligence and ability that 
highly commends the excellent judgment 
of his many friends. 

In his social relations Mr. Skinner is a 
member of Newark Lodge, No. 7, h'ree 
and Accepted Masons; is district deputy 
of District No. 6, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, having become affiliated with 
that society in New Haven, Connecticut, 
where he held the office of Past Grand of 
Lucern Lodge, No. 181, and Past Chief 
Patriarch of Mount Ararat Encampment; 
and he is associated with Anthony Wayne 
Council, No. 159, Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics. 

Mr. Skinner w^as united in marriage in 

1884 to Miss Mary L. Miller, who was born 
in Newark, and is a daughter of \'alcntinc 


The first ancestor of this family in Amer- 
ica was Cornelius Doremus.who came from 
Holland about the year 1686, and settled 
at or near Acquackanonck (now Passaic), 
New Jersey, where he owned a large 
' amount of land. An Indian deed of the 
Duck Pyrchase, dated May 16, 1703, de- 
scribing a large tract of land lying along 
the Passaic river, has his name attached as 
a witness, the conveyance being made by 
twelve Indians, probably of the Hacken- 
sack tribe of Lenni-Lenapes. The name of 
Cornelius' wife is not known, but his chil- 
dren were : Johannes, Flolland, Thomas, 
Cornelius. Hendrick and Joris. Thomas 
was born at Acquackanonck and took up 
his residence at Wesel, New Jersey, where 
he was married to .\nnekes Abrahmse .-\ck- 
ernian. who was born at Hackensack, and 
the following si.x children were born to 
them : Cornelius, Goline. Abraham, Peter, 
Johannes and Anneke. 

Cornelius lived at Doremustown, New 
Jersey, and there married Antje Young, 
this union resulting in ten children, as fol- 
lows: Hendricus, Thomas, Peter, Maritji, 
Johannes, Jannetji, Susannah, Alitta, and 
two others whose names are not given. 

Peter, the son of Cornelius and Antje A. 
(Ackerman) Doremus, w'as born at Slotter- 
dam, New Jersey, in 1744, and married 
Polly Dey, the following being the issue: 
Jacob, Richard, Cornelius. Peter, and two 
daughters, one of wdiom married Henry 
Perry, the other Ijcconiing the wife of J. 



Cornelius, son of Peter and Polly (Dey) 
Doremus, was born near Beavertown, New 
Jersey, in 1787, subsequently marrying 
Jane DeHart, their children were : Peter 
Cornelius, John Cornelius, Sarah, Mary and 
Lydia. Sarah married John R. Vanduyne, 
of Montville, Morris county, New Jersey. 
Their only surviving child is Harrison Van 
Duyne, now one of the leading citizens of 
Newark. Mary married Cornelius Cook, 
both now deceased. Lydia married Peter 
Van Houten, and after his death she mar- 
ried, secondly, Elias Littell, of Montclair, 
New Jersey, both now deceased. 

Peter Cornelius Doremus, son of Cor- 
nelius and Jane (DeHart) Doremus, was 
born April 9. 1807, and died on the 30th 
of June, 1869. He married Julia A. Os- 
born. daughter of John H. Osborn, whose 
birth occurred in Bloomfield, New Jersey, 
in 1770. Her mother, Rhoda Baldwin, was 
a daughter of Zophar Baldwin, who served 
with the Essex county militia in the war of 
the Revolution. He was the son of David 
Baldwin, son of Benjamin, son of Joseph, 
son of John Baldwin, senior, the New Jer- 
sey ancestor who signed the Fundamental 
Agreement. Peter C. Doremus came to 
Orange in 1829 and here reared these chil- 
dren : Mary Cook, who married Charles 
Clark; Julia A., who became the wife of 
David J. Rogers; and Elias Osborn, the 
eldest child and the immediate subject of 
this review. 

Elias Osborn Doremus, son of Peter C. 
and Julia (Osborn) Doremus, was born in 
what is now East Orange, New Jersey, on 
the 17th of January, 1831. His father was 
a builder and contractor, and our subject 
succeeded him in that line of enterprise at 
the age of twenty-one years, continuing the 
business until 1874. He has been vice- 

president of the American Insurance Com- 
pany since 1881, and for many years he has 
occupied a position of influence among the 
leading citizens of Essex county. In 1868 
he was elected a member of the board of 
freeholders and by annual election retained 
that incumbency for a period of seventeen 
years, serving as president of the board 
during the last seven years of that time. 
He declined further election in 1883. In 
his political afSliations Mr. Doremus is a 
stanch Republican, and in 1873-4 he was a 
member of the New Jersey general assem- 
bly. He was for a long time a director of 
the Orange National Bank, and is now act- 
ing in a similar capacity in the Newark 
City National Bank and the United States 
Industrial Insurance Company. He is a 
member of the New Jersey Society of the 
Sons of the American Revolution and one 
of the board of managers of that body, also 
a member of the Board of Trade of the city 
of Newark, the New England Society of 
the Oranges, the New Jersey Historical 
Society, etc. 

The marriage of Mr. Doremus was sol- 
emnized in 1855, when he was united to 
Miss Harriet Peck, daughter of William 
Peck, and four children were born to him 
and his wife, namely : Emily, who died at 
the age of eight years; Edwin P., who, after 
a brilliant and successful but brief business 
career, died in 1895, aged twenty-seven 
years; Frederick Halsey is a partner of the 
George F. Bassett Company; and Fannie, 
whose husband, George F. Bassett, died 
May 24, 1 89 1. 


of Millburn, was born in Essex county in 
1816, and was a son of William W. Smith, 
a native of Pennsylvania, who came to this 



county when a young man. In his early 
life he learned the cabinet-maker's trade, 
and for a time was engaged in the manufac- 
ture of woolen goods. He also conducted 
a grocery store in Maplewood. and during 
his later years carried on agricultural pur- 
suits. His wife, who bore the maiden name 
of Elizabeth Allen, was a daughter of Sam- 
uel Allen, a Revolutionary hero, who at the 
attempt to throw ofi the yoke of British 
tyranny joined the colonial army and val- 
iantly aided in the struggle for independ- 
ence. For his meritorious conduct he was 
promoted to the rank of ensign. William 
\V. Smith gave his political support to the 
Democracy. His death occurred on the 
19th of December, 1854, and his wife passed 
away on the 17th of November, 1849. 

Harvey E. Smith, their youngest child, 
was reared upon the home farm and at- 
tended the common schools of the neigh- 
borhood, but desiring to follow some other 
pursuit than that of agriculture he learned 
the shoemaker's trade, to which he devoted 
his energies until after the war. manufactur- 
ing shoes for the southern trade. He after- 
ward turned his attention to agriculture 
and gave his time and energies to the culti- 
vation and improvement of his farm until 
his retirement from business life. He is 
now living quietly at his home on Spring- 
field avenue, Millburn. 

Mr. Smith was married on the 31st of 
December, 1839, the lady of his choice be- 
ing Miss Phebe D. Edwards, a daughter 
of John and Phebe (Baker) Edwards, who 
were natives of iVlillljurn township, Essex 
county. The grandfather Edwards was a 
captain in the Revolutionary war, and died 
in the early part of the nineteenth century. 
Mr. and Mrs. Edwards were of Welsh de- 
scent and were the ])arents of a large family. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Smith have been born the 
following named: Amanda Elizabeth, wife 
of Edward Reeve; and Julia H., who 
became the wife of Charles G. Weaver, and 
after his death married John Towle. They 
now make their home in Boston. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Smith was 
formerly a Democrat, but now votes inde- 
pendent of party ties, casting his ballot for 
the candidate whom he regards as Ijest 
qualified for ofifice. He has witnessed the 
growth and development of Essex county 
for four-score years, has ever taken his part 
in the work of advancement, and has given 
his support to all measures calculated to 
promote the material, social or moral wel- 
fare. He is a man whose well spent life 
makes his old age crowned with the venera- 
tion and respect due to ad\'anced years, and 
this volume would seem incomplete with- 
out the record of his career. 


one of the well known and progressive 
physicians of Newark, was born in Hunter- 
don county, New Jersey, on the 29th of 
September, 1841, and is of English ances- 
try. Up to the age of fifteen years he suf- 
fered from ill health, which seriously inter- 
fered with his literary studies, of which he 
was exceedingly fond, but gradually health 
returned, and, having left home, he was 
fairly adrift in the world, without means 
other than those acquired by his own labor, 
without influence, and without advice. 1 le 
had early in life decided to make the study 
of medicine his life work, but a great bar- 
rier was in the way : he must oljtain a pre- 
liminary education, and he was unable to 
go to school, as he must work to live. Only 
one avenue of advancement seemed open 



to him, and that was, to work during the 
(lay and stud\' at night, and thus the mid- 
niglit lani]i witnessed his single-handed 
struggle with what were to him knotty and 
(lithcult problems, hut, endowed with great 
will power and untiring energy, by dint of 
personal effort he finally acquired a very 
fair English education and a sufficient 
knowledge of Latin to ver)- materially aid 
him in his professional studies. 

Dr. lliff began the practical study of 
medicine under the ]ireceptorship of Dr. 
Charles Bartolette, of Milford, New Jer- 
sey, but just at that time the internecine 
struggle between the north and south was 
inaugurated, and this for a time changed 
the course of the Doctor's career. He de- 
sired to participate in the tlefence of the 
Union, but twice was refused enlistment on 
account of not being considered strong 
enough to endure the hardships of army 
life in active service; but finally, however, 
he was accepted in the navy, and spent the 
last year of the war in the South Atlantic 
st|uadron performing l)lockade service. 
Returning to New Jersey after the close of 
hostilities. Dr. Ilift' anxiously pushed ahead 
with his studies and was obliged to labor 
hard in order to obtain money to defray his 
expenses at the medical school. After se- 
curing a good start, an unfortunate busi- 
ness investment deprived him of every dol- 
lar he possessed and left him in debt, but 
notwithstanding this he was not disheart- 
ened, nor did he change his purpose, stead- 
ily persevering until at last he received his 
degree from the Long Island College Hos- 
pital, in Brooklyn, New York, in 1877. 

Coming to Newark in 1882, Dr. lliff con- 
tinued in the active practice of his ])rofes- 
sion, his worth and ability quickly securing 
to him a large and lucrative patronage. 

He is a hard worker in his calling, is earnest, 
conscientious and painstaking, and for the 
last few years he has given nuich attention 
and study to the subject of ])ulniunary tu- 
berculosis, lielieving that a remeily could 
be compounded that would destroy the 
germ of the disease or neutralize in the 
blood the toxine already formed. A num- 
ber of well authenticated cases alreadv at- 
test the efficiency of this method of treat- 

Touching upon the political faith of Dr. 
lliff we may state that he is a stanch ad- 
herent of the Republican party, but has 
never held official preferment other than 
serving for one term on the board of edu- 
cation of Newark. 

In 1866 the Doctor was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mary J\I. Drake, a daughter 
of Amos H. Drake, of Warren county. 
Two children have been born of this union, 
one of whom survives and is now a teacher 
in one of the grammar schools of Newark. 

The Doctor is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and is Past Master of Newark 
Lodge, No. 7; he is also a member of the 
Essex County Medical Society. He is a 
registered physician in the states of New 
Jersey and New York, where he is highly 
regarded in medical as well as in social cir- 


is a member of the firm of Hanks Brothers, 
which stands at the head of the dental pro- 
fession in the city of Newark, its members 
possessing a skill and ability that have ad- 
vanced them steadily to a leading place in 
their chosen calling. Advancement in any 
of the learned professions is the result not 
of fortuitous circumstances or of influence, 



but depends upon individual merit and 
skill. By close study and application John 
C. Hanks has qualified himself for the at- 
tainment of the success which is now his. 

Born in Plymouth, North Carolina, on 
the 4th of May, 1847, he is a son of Edgar 
and Sophia (Cornell) Hanks, the former a 
native of Auburn, New York, and the 
latter of Plymouth, North Carolina. His 
father went to the south about 1830, was 
married there and located permanently in 
the birth place of his wife and son. He 
was for many years engaged in the mill- 
wright business. His death occurred in 
1861, and his wife, surviving him two years, 
passed away in 1863. They had ten chil- 
dren, of whom the following are still living: 
Edmund F., a dentist of New York city: 
John C, Mrs. Leonora White, of Newbern, 
North Carolina, and Mrs. Catherine E. 
Bickford, of Colorado Springs, Colorado. 

Dr. Hanks, of this review, was reared in 
Plymouth, North Carolina, and acquired 
his education in an academy there. He 
was in the south during the war, but clid 
not enter the ami}-, having to remain at 
home and care for his widowed mother. 
After the war he came to the north, spend- 
ing some time in New York city, whence 
he removed to Elizabethport, New Jersey. 
In 1869 he began studying dentistry there, 
and when he had mastered both the theory 
and practice of the art. he located in Rah- 
way. New Jersey. Since that time he has 
practiced in South Norwalk, Connecticut, 
New York city, Goshen, New York, and 
Jersey City, and in July, 1873, he came to 
Newark, forming a partnership with liis 
brother. Dr. Edmund F. Hanks, under the 
firm name of Hanks Brothers. Theirs is 
one of the most extensive dental establish- 
ments in the country. They have very 

large dental parlors in Newark, New York 
and Jersey City. Their Newark office is 
situated at the northwest corner of Broad 
and Market streets, and the members of the 
firm ha\e availed themselves of all the mod- 
ern imi)rovements which have been made 
in mechanical and operative dentistry, keep- 
ing fully in touch with the progressive spirit 
of the age. They are both experienced in 
all the different branches and phases of the 
profession and enjoy a splendid practice 
and well deserved popularity. Their thor- 
ough understanding of the science and 
practice of dentistry, enabling them to do 
first-class work, has secured them a very 
liberal patronage, which is constantly in- 

Dr. John C. Hanks is a member of the 
Royal Arcanum. \V. ^Master of Roseville 
Lodge, No. 143, A. F. & A. M.. is an hon- 
orary member of the Jefferson Club, is \ice- 
president and a director of the Schuljert 
\'ocal Society. In May, 1881. was cele- 
brated his marriage to Miss Jennie L Shaw, 
of Roseville, a daughter of Robert and Ann 
Elizabeth Shaw. They have one daughter, 
Georgiana M. The family are members of 
the Trinity Episcopal church, and the Doc- 
tor is deeply interested in all that ])ertains 
to the moral, mental and aesthetic culture 
of Esse.x county's people. 


For nearly a ciuartcr of a century this 
gentleman has given to the ])rofessional du- 
ties that fall to the lot of the medical prac- 
titioner a close and undivided attention. 
He became identified with this calling in 
Newark in 1874, at which time the medical 
science was to him an almost untried field. 
Success and prominence in almost any call- 

/■ L'S'.S'L'X COUNTY. 


ing lie alonj^ tlie line of patient, persevering 
and faithful work. This he realized, and 
resolved that if earnest lahor could secure 
success it would Ije his. His career has 
therefore been characterized by this factor 
of prosperity, and supplementing this are 
sound judgment, natural ability and thor- 
ough preparation for his work. There are 
no other qualities absolutely essential to 
advancement, an.d u])on the ladder of his 
own Iniilding he has climbed to enn'nence. 

The Doctor was born in Libert}- street 
in Newark, New Jersey, on the _'9th of 
Xovember, 1851. a son of John H. Hagar, 
who was also a native of Newark. He was 
born in 1808 and died in the year of his 
son's birth. He was a son of Jesse Hagar, 
one of the early settlers of Essex county. 
John Hagar was a cutter by trade and fol- 
lowed that pursuit for many years. His 
wife was Elizabeth Shippen. who is still 
living, her home being in New York city. 

The Doctor acquired his primary educa- 
tion in the public schools of Newark and 
New York, and in 1865 was graduated in 
the Thirty-seventh street grammar school 
of New York. He then entered the Col- 
lege of the City of New York, where he 
jnirsued his studies for three years, after 
which he entered the Colored Home Hos- 
pital, where he was graduated in 1874. dur- 
ing which time he served as an apothecary. 
He was graduated in the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons of New York in 1893 
and then served one year as house jdivsi- 
cian for the Colored Home Hospital, lie 
located in Ferry street, Newark, in the 
spring of 1874, and has since continuoush' 
engaged in the general practice of medi- 
cine, securing a liberal and ])rotitrd)le pat- 
ronage. He is visiting ])hysician on the 
staff of .St. P)arnabas Hospital, is a member 

of the Essex County Medical Society, and 
of the Medical and Surgical Club. 

On the 18th of A])ril, 1877, the Doctor 
was united in marriage to Sarah A. Cham- 
bers, of Newark, a daughter of David L. 
Chambers. In his political views he has 
been a stalwart Republican since 18^11. and 
socially he is connected with the Knights 
of Pythias fraternity, the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, .American Mechanics 
and .\ncient Order of L'nited Workmen. 
He was regimental surgeon of the First 
New Jersey Regiment, Uniformed Knights 
of Pythias, for seven years, and on the for- 
mation of the brigade was chosen lu'igade 
surgeon for a term of foiu" vears. 


.-Vmong those who ha\-e attained distinct 
prestige in the practice of medicine and 
surgery in the city of Newark, and whose 
success has come as the logical sequel of 
thorough technical information, as enforced 
bv natural predilection and that sympathy 
and tact which are the inevitable concomi- 
tants of precedence in" the profession, is Dr. 
Seidler. He is a native of Newark, having 
been born in the tenth ward of this city 
on the ifith of September, i860, the son 
of William F. and .\melia ( Deisler) Seidler, 
the former of whom was born in Ziegen- 
heim, ( iermany, and the latter in Baden, 
in the same great empire. William F. 
Seidler, Sr., was an architect and 1 milder 
in the fatherland, and upon attaining his 
majority he determined to seek his fortune 
in .Vmerica, emigrating and arriving in 
New York in the year 1850. In the na- 
tional metroi^olis was celebrated his mar- 
riage to Miss Deisler. in i85d. and soon 
afterward he remo\ed w ith his wife to New- 


ark. New Jersey, where he engaged in the 
marble business upon his ownresponsil)ihty. 
continuing in this Hne of enterprise, with 
due measure of success, until the time of his 
death, which occurred about the year 1883. 

William Fred Seidler. the immediate sub- 
ject of this review, secured his preliminary 
educational discipline in the public schools 
of Newark, and after leaving school be- 
came interested in his father's business, to 
which he devoted his attention for a short 
time. His natural tastes and inclinations, 
however, led him aside from the circum- 
scril)ed jiroxince of this line of enterprise, 
and he secured a position in a drug store, 
where he remained until 1878, devoting 
himself assiduously to a study of the tech- 
nicalities of the science of ])harmacy and 
becoming so proficient that he was enabled 
to pass a successful examination before the 
state board of pharmacy in 1879. He 
graduated thereafter at the College of Phar- 
macy in 1884, and he continued to be 
identified with pharmaceutical work, as a 
registered clerk, until about 1887. when he 
engaged in business for himself, by effect- 
ing the purchase of his ])re.sent drug store. 
at No. 21 Ferry street, which was the first 
drug store on the east side of the railroad, 
established in \HC-i2. 

Ideiuified with an cnlcr])risc intiinateK' 
allied to the medical profession, it was but 
in natural sequence that Mr. Seidler should 
eventually turn his attention to the latter. 
He matriculated as a student in Bellevuc 
Hospital Medical College in 1889, complet- 
ing a two-years course, and graduating as 
a member of the class of 1891. Immedi- 
ately after his graduation he returned to 
Newark and entered ui)on the active jirac- 
tice of his profession, while still continuing 
in the drug business. Dr. Seidler has made 

a specialty of surgical work and has attained 
distinguished precedence in this branch of 
his profession, as well as in general i)rac- 
tice. He keeps thoroughly in touch with 
all advances made in the sciences of medi- 
cine and surgery, and, indeed, it may be 
justly said that he is a leader of the forward 
mo\ements, being closely analytical in his 
methods, discriminating and painstaking in 
his investigation, and ever signally alive to 
the welfare of his patients, which character- 
istics should govern this most imiiortatU of 

From 1891 to 1895 the Doctor was dis- 
trict physician, and for six _\ears he has 
served as house surgeon of St. IMichael's 
Hosi^ital. He is also visiting physician of 
the Cierman Hos]iital. chief of the genito- 
urinary, clinic in the city dispensary, and is 
a member of the State Medical Society, 
the Essex County ]\Iedical Society, the 
American Medical As.sociation, and of the 
Aescidapian Society, of which he was the 
first incumbent as president. Socially he 
is identified with the l'',ssex County Coun- 
try Club, and his interest in military affairs 
is indicated l>y his retaining membership in 
the Essex Troo]). Xatinnal (iuard. New 
Jersey Militia. 


Tiie subject of this review stands as a 
representatixe of stanch old families of 
this section of the state of New Jersey, and 
he himself is honored as a worthy citizen of 
Ma])lewood, South Orange township, 
where he was born ;in(l where he has main- 
tained his home consecutively to the pres- 
ent (lay. The year of his nativity was 1851, 
the i:)lace having already been designated. 
His father, Henry Squier Smith, was born 


in what was then Jefferson Village, in this 
coimty. The latter was a son of William 
Smith, who. came from Pennsylvania when 
a young man and engaged in agricultural 
operations in Jefi'erson. where he passed 
the residue of his days. He married Mrs. 
Lyon, formerly Elizabeth Allen, a (.laugh- 
ter of Captain Allen, who was a prominent 
resident of Elizabeth. Union county, and 
they became the parents of two children, 
Henry and Har\-ey. Henry, the father of 
our subject, learned the trade of shoemak- 
ing and to this line of industry he devoted 
his attention during his entire active life, 
eventually conducting operations ujjon 
quite an extensive scale, and for a number 
of years suppl\ing a very considerable trade 
in the south. He was a man of unflinch- 
ing rectitude of character and became influ- 
ential in local affairs through the sterling 
integrity which gained and retained to him 
public confidence and respect. 

Henry Smith married Miss Lucy Ho- 
gan. a daughter of Captain Ira Hogan. 
who came to South Orange from Troy. 
New York, and here engaged in the manu- 
facture of standard measures for mer- 
chants and farmers, in which line of oper- 
ations he so manifested his intrinsic in- 
tegrity of character that he gained the 
sobric|uet of "the honest half-bushel meas- 
ure maker." In connection with this enter- 
prise he operated a finely cultivated truck 
farm, the products of which he placed on 
the Newark market. He traced his lineage 
to stanch old Irish stock, the name having 
been spelled Hoagland by his ancestors of 
the Emerald Isle. He married Miss Al)by 
Baker, a descendant of Tuscan Ball, of the 
famous colonial family of that name, her 
mother having l)een married in the old 
Tuscan Hall, which was erected prior to the 

Revolution and which is still standing in a 
fine state of preservation, being located in 
Hilton. South Orange township, Essex 
county, this state. Captain Hogan lived 
to attain a venerable age, and his memory 
is revered even as in life he was esteemed 
and honoreil. 

Henry and Lucy (Hogan) Smith ije- 
came the parents of five children, of whom 
we make brief record, as follows: William 
H. is the inuuediate subject of this review; 
Anna is the wife of John Wellington Ball, 
of Newark: Ira Hogan Smith was a lieu- 
tenant in the late war of the Rebellion, hav- 
ing enlisted in a regiment formed at New- 
burg, New York, and having done valiant 
service in the ranks: he died in 1895, and 
his remains rest in the soldiers' plat in Fair- 
mount cemeter)-; Fanny became the wife 
of Ira Freeman, of South Orange, and her 
death occurred in January, 1889; Emma 
departed this life at the age of seventeen 
years. The father died in 1854, his widow 
surviving him until 1887. He was a mem- 
ber of the L'niversalist church at Irving- 
ton, with which his wife was also identi- 
fied, later becoming a member of the Pres- 
byterian church and eventually of the 
Methodist Episcopal, in which faith slie 

William H. Smith, the immediate snl)- 
ject of this sketch, passed his youth in the 
town of his nativity, acquiring his educa- 
tional discipline in the public schools, after 
which he turned his attention to the prac- 
tical affairs of life by identifying himself 
with the stock-brokers' business, in which 
line he has ever since continued, being at 
the present time the confidential man of a 
large and influential firm operating on the 
stock exchange in New York city. 

In his social relations Mr. Smith is a 


meml^er of tlie South Orange Field Club, 
the Forest Lake Association, of Pennsyl- 
vania, and the Torrey Botanical Club, of 
New York, in whicii last he maintains a 
particularly lively interest. In his politi- 
cal adherency he is stanchly arrayed in the 
support of the Republican party and its 
principles. His religious tenets are those 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, in the 
local body of which he is a trustee and 
treasurer. He has been the superintend- 
ent of the Sunday school for years, always 
active in the fostering of the church work 
in its direct lines and collateral avenues. 
Mr. Smitli is recognized as one of the rep- 
resentative citizens of the comnnmity in 
which he has ever maintained his home, 
and his efforts, which are ever directed to 
worthy ends, do not fall short of po])ular 


one of the efticient town of^cers, was born 
in Delaware county. New York, in the 
town of Masonville, March 7, 1846. His 
parents, John and Delilah (Tallman) Olm- 
sted, were also nati\es of the Empire 
state. There the father was reared and 
educated and followed the occupation of a 
farmer as a life work. He belonged to 
one of the old families of the state, his fa- 
ther, Moses Olmsted, having there been 
born. The latter married Miss Boggart. 
.Vdelbert II. Olmsted was reared prin- 
cipally in the .state of his nativity and after 
acquiring a good English education in the 
common schools, as a foundation for more 
advanced knowledge, he entered the Dela- 
ware Literary Institute, at iManklin, New 
York, where he ]:)ursued iiis studies for 
four years. He then engaged in teaching 

school for one term, at the close of which 
he turned his attention to civil engineering 
and was employed in that capacity on the 
New York & Oswego Railroad. Later he 
did civil engineering for the Ontario & 
\Vestern Railroad, remaining with the lat- 
ter for three years. On the expiration of 
that jjcriod he came to New Jersey, having 
accepted a position with the Greenwood 
Lake Railway Company, and subsequently 
he engaged with the Long Island Railroad 
Company. He has also been employed in 
the capacity of engineer for the East Jer- 
sev Water Works and in other public ser- 

In 1 87 1 Mr. Olmsted came to Bloom- 
tield, Xew Jersey, and for a time was em- 
p]o}-ed in the city, obtaining the appoint- 
ment of civil engineer, which office he has 
acceptably filled for more than five years, 
during which time many valuable improve- 
ments ha\'e been made both in the city and 
township of Bloomfield. His thorough 
understanding of the business, of the re- 
(|uirements and the best way to secure the 
most desirable results have made him a 
\'erv valuable dfiicial. He has under his 
super\ision a inunber of men and his f;iir- 
ness to them and his ex'ident desire to re- 
ward them l)y j)romoticin as opportunity 
offers, secures from them their best service 
and is thus of practical benefit to the city. 

In 1871 Mr. Olmsted was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Louisa Kerr, of Middletown, 
New York, where the greater part of her 
girlhood was i)assed, although she was 
born in Sullivan county. New York. They 
have three children: Mabel L., who is 
now the wife of Charles Conoley; Gertrude 
and Clara L.. bt)th at home. 

Mr. Olmsted and his family are members 
of the iMethodist Episcopal church, and in 




politics he is a stalwart Republican. He 
has taken a very active part in promoting 
the business interests of Bloomfield and 
was connected with the Bloomfield Savings 
Bank, having been a director of same for 
three years, and with the Bloomfield 
I'.uilding & Loan Association. He is the 
owner of considerable valuable property 
in the city, including a number of dwell- 
ings which he rents, and thus by careful 
management, judicious investment and un- 
tiring energy he has acquired a handsome 
competence. He is a man of broad busi- 
ness abilitv, of untiring energv and sound 
judgment and has gained a prestige in 
business circles which is only accorded the 
man who is honorably successful. 


a member of the firm of Commings. Mat- 
tliews & Company, proprietors of an ex- 
tensi\e and well established hat manufac- 
tory of Orange Valley, was born in what is 
now West Orange, Januar}- 2j, 1848, and 
is a son of John and ]\Iargaret (Haves) ]Mc- 
Guirk. The father was born in countv 
]\Ionahan, Ireland, and on coming to 
America located in New \'ork city, but 
after a short time removed to Orange. He 
was a frugal, industrious man and an en- 
terprising and worthy citizen. Both he 
and his wife were good Christian people 
and had the respect of all who knew them. 
The latter was a daughter of Nathan and 
Margaret Hayes, residents of Maine. Mr. 
and Mrs. McGuirk became the parents of 
eight children. He died in 1856, at the 
age of forty-nine years, and she passed 
away in 1890, at the age of fifty-nine years. 
James Warren McGuirk is indebted to 
the public-school system of Orange for the 
educational [jrixileges which he received. 

When he had reached his early "teens he 
began to learn the hatter's trade, under the 
direction of David and James Wilson, of 
Orange, and had almost completed his term 
of apprenticeship when, in response to the 
call of his country, he donned the blue as a 
member of the United States Navy, enlist- 
ing on the 15th of August, 1864. He then 
served until the close of hostilities and par- 
ticipated in the bombardment of Fort 
Fisher and in a number oi other important 
engagements. When the war was ended 
he was honorably discharged and returned 
home. Resuming his trade in Orange, Mr. 
McGuirk was employed as a journeyman 
until 1886, when he became identified with 
the firm of Commings, Matthews & Com- 
pany, of Orange Valley, in the hat-manu- 
facturing business. The firm has become 
widely and favorably known, and, as the 
result of the wise and prudent management 
and thorough reliability of the partners, 
has ])een eminently successful. 

In 1873 was solenniized the marriage of 
Mr. McGuirk and Miss Barbara Green, a 
daughter of Francis and Katharine Green. 
Thev had one son. Edward. ^Irs. Mc- 
Guirk died in 1874. and our subject was 
again married about 1883, this second 
union being with Margaret Curry, a daugh- 
ter of Bernhard and Rose Ann Curry. 
They have one son, Charles. The parents 
are connnunicants f)f the Roman Catholic 
church. Air. McGuirk is a Repul)lican in 
political sentiment and socially is con- 
nected with Hillside Council of the Royal 
.\rcanum. He takes an intelligent, active 
and commendable interest in all enterprises 
calculated to promote the general welfare, 
and is a valued citizen and leading business 
man who receives and merits the high re- 
gard of his fellow townsmen. 




A work of this nature exercises its high- 
est function when it takes into considera- 
tion the career and genealogical record of 
a man who has himself stood representative 
of the best citizenship and maximum use- 
fulness in the practical activities of life and 
whose lineage has been of that distin- 
guished order which can not l)ut be a 
source of pride and satisfaction to every 
worthy scion. The past bears its record 
and its lesson, and none can afiford to hold 
in light estimation the deeds and works of 
those ancestors who have wrought to good- 
ly ends and have won positions of honor 
and esteem among men. The ancestors 
of the subject of this review figured con- 
spicuouslv among the stalwart founders of 
the great American republic, and. as has 
been aptly and truly said, "were noted for 
their strong sense of justice, their loyalty to 
the mother government during the colonial 
period, and their intense patriotism during 
the war of the Revolution." Strong, noble 
men, and women of gentle refinement and 
fine sensibilities are numbered among those 
through whom Mr. Gill traces his descent. 

The Gill family is one of very ancient 
lineage, its history being readily traced 
back to the tenth century. In various ages 
and under different conditions there has 
been a certain fluctuation in the orthog- 
raphy of the name, which has been indilYer- 
ently spelled at various times. The name 
of Gill or Gyll signifies valley, and that 
standard compilation, the Domesday Book, 
bears record that a family of this name was 
seized of lands in ^'orkshire. England, prior 
to the Xorman invasion. Antecedent to 
the invasion of England by William the 
Concjueror the barony and {property of 

Gillesland. in Cumberland, were held by 
Bueth Gillie and were confiscated by the 
Norman victor mentioned and were grant- 
ed to Hubert, one of his followers. Hubert 
assumed the name of the original proprie- 
tor, adopting the French form, De Vaux, 
which is synonymous. The motto borne 
on the arms of this proud and distinguished 
famil}- was "\ irtutis gloria merces." 

The immediate subject of this review be- 
longs to the Stoughton or Canton branch 
of the Gill family, the progenitor of the 
division thus designated having been John 
Gill, who was a resident of Salisbury, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1638. On the 3d of May, 
1645, he married Phebe. daughter of Isaac 
Buswell. and their children were as follows: 
Elizabeth, born Januarv 8, 1646; John, 
born October 10. 1647: Phebe, l)orn Jan- 
uary 6. 1650; Samuel, born January 5. 
1652; Sarah, born June 2^, 1654; Moses, 
born December 26. 1656: Benjamin and 

Moses Gill (i). son of John and Phebe 
(Buswell) Gill, figures in the direct ances- 
tral line of the subject of this sketch. On 
March 23. 1678. he took the oath of fidelity, 
in com])any with his brother Samuel, and 
he became one of the original settlers of 
Stoughton. now known as Canton, Massa- 
chusetts. He received his lease from the 
Indians on the 23d of March, 1705. and his 
death occurred prior to 17 16. He married 
Sarah, daughter of Isaac and Mary Estey, 
of Topsfield, Massachusetts. Mary Estey 
was one of the unfortunate victims of that 
fanatical and iniquitous institution desig- 
nated as the Salem witchcraft, and was 
l)rutally tortured until death finally released 
her from her suffering. The heroism of her 
martyrdom was unmistakable, as is evident 
from the fact that she refused to plead 



guilty to the impious charge made against 
lier. Tlie children of Moses and Sarah 
(Estey) Gill were two sons and two daugh- 
ters, the sons being Moses and Benjamin. 

Moses Gill (2). son of Moses and Sarah 
(Estey) Gill, was born about the last year 
of the seventeenth centur\-. He was the 
first representati\e — 173 1-3 — to the gen- 
eral court, which was incorporated in 1726, 
and was again called to serve in this ca- 
pacity in 1737. Subsecjuently he attained 
still greater distinction, having been lieu- 
tenant-governor and governor of the com- 
monwealth of ^Massachusetts. He had no 
children, but adopted a son of his brother, 
Benjamin Gill, who w'as born about 1701. 
He married Abigail Pales, and after her 
deatli was united to Abigail h'isher. who 
bore him a son, Benjamin. 

Colonel Benjamin Gill, son of Benjamin 
and Abigail (Fisher) Gill, was born at Can- 
ton, Massachusetts, on the 2d of June, 1730, 
and his death occurred April 2^. 1807. On 
the 9th of January, 1752, he married Bethia 
Wentworth, who was born June 23, 1732, 
and who died March 22, 1817. He was 
actively concerned in all affairs touching 
the welfare of the community, and was par- 
ticularly prominent in church work. He 
was a deacon, 1768: selectman, 1776, and 
also represented his town in the general 
court. In 1766 he was lieutenant of militia, 
was made captain in 1773, and in Novem- 
ber, 1774, was elected lieutenant-colonel of 
the regiment commanded by Leonard Rob- 
inson, while in the succeeding year he was 
elected colonel, which represented the high- 
est military rank in the town. He was 
present with his regiment at the battle of 
Bemis Heights and at the surrender of 
Burgoyne, distinguishing himself for gal- 
lant service and effective manipulation of 

his command. Upon his return home the 
gallant Continental patriot gave a grand 
dinner at his house to the officers of his 
regiment, the leading citizens of the town 
being among the invited guests. Colonel 
Benjamin and Bethia (Wentworth) Gill 
became the parents of the following named 
children, the respective dates of birth being 
given in the connection: Elijah, 1752; 
Rebecca, 1755; Bethuah, 1758; Benjamin, 
1760; Sarah, 1762; Catharine, 1764; Sarah 
(2), 1767; Polly, 1769; John, 1772. 

John Gill, the youngest child of Colonel 
Benjamin and Bethia (Wentworth) Gill, 
was born in Canton, Massachusetts, in 
March, 1772, and his death occurred on the 
19th of April, 1816. He married Mary 
Withington. and among his children were 
four sons — Ira. Howard, Nathan and 
Charles. Ira Gill, son of John and Mary 
(Withington) Gill, was born at Canton, 
Massachusetts, in the year 1799. At an 
early age he removed to Walpole. a sub- 
division of the old town of Dedham, Massa- 
chusetts, and there became an apprentice 
at the trade of hat-making, in which indus- 
trial line he was destined to attain the most 
pronounced prestige and distinction. He 
eventually engaged in business for himself, 
and in 1823 began the manufacture of fur- 
napped hats, subsequently adopting fur felt. 
He was the successor of Rand & Hooper, 
and in 1804 figured as the oldest living 
manufacturer in the town, while his con- 
cern had gained rank as the second largest 
manufacturers of hats in the entire Union. 
He was the inventor of the hat-forming 
machine which bears his name, and 
through the medium of this ingenious and 
valuable device the work of manufacturing 
of fur hats was greatly facilitated and the 
production correspondingly increased. Ira 



Gill was a man of distinct individuality and 
marked business discrimination, being 
broad and liberal in his ideas and progres- 
sive in his methods. It is an undoubted 
fact that he contributed more to the ad- 
vancement of the hat industry than any 
other one man of his period. He married 
Caroline, daughter of Uriah Billings, of 
Walpole, Massachusetts. 

John Gill, son of Ira and Caroline (Bil- 
lings) Gill, was born in Walpole, Massa- 
chusetts, on the 28th of November, 1835. 
He received his early educational discipline 
in the public and private schools of his 
native town. Having a distinctive predi- 
lection for business, Mr. Gill determined 
not to enter college, but to forthwith iden- 
tify himself with the practical affairs of life. 
Thus upon attaining his legal majority he 
became associated with his father in the 
manufacture of hats, and later in hat form- 
ing — an industry with which the name was 
then and has ever since been prominently 
identified. Mr. Gill has been a resident of 
Orange, New Jersey, for a full quarter of a 
century, and has been most conspicuously 
concerned in all that touches the prosperity 
and substantial upbuilding and improve- 
ment of the place. He located in Orange 
in the year 1872, and to-day he is recog- 
nized as not only one of the representative 
business men of Essex county, but his 
ability and his interest in pubhc affairs have 
brought him prominently forward in posi- 
tions of high public trust and responsibility. 
He has proved himself ever equal to the 
duties imposed, and his character has been 
such as to command the confidence and 
unequivocal esteem of the local public. 
Upon coming to Orange Mr. Gill became 
associated with his brother in the establish- 
ment of a lial-foniiint;' slini) on Lumber 

street, now Essex avenue, the business 
being conducted under the firm name oi 
J. & G. H. Gill. His brother retired in 
1892, since which time the enterprise has 
been conducted by our subject individually. 
For more than two decades has Mr. Gill 
been prominent in the public affairs of 
Orange. He served ten years as a member 
of the board of education, filling an un- 
expired term as president of this body. He 
represented his district in the state legisla- 
ture for four terms — 1879-80 and 1883-8 — 
and here he exerted a strong influence and 
(lid much to further wise and effective leg- 
islation. In the spring of 1894 he received 
the Republican nomination for mayor of 
the city of Orange, and achieved a note- 
worthy victory at the polls, leading his 
Democratic opponent by eight hundred 
votes, representing a gain of twelve hun- 
dred, since the normal Democratic ma- 
jority in the city was about four hundred. 
In reviewing his career, at the time of his 
initial nomination for the mayorality, the 
Orange Journal speaks as follows: "As a 
school commissioner he was indefatigable 
in his efforts to improve the schools of the 
city, and made one of the best members 
who ever sat in the board. As assembly- 
man Mr. Gill served the district he repre- 
sented with conspicuous ability and con- 
stant fidelity; no member of the Essex 
county, delegation stood higher than did 
he. He also gave much labor and thought 
to the introduction of the water supply of 
this city, as one of the water commissioners, 
and the economical way in which that great 
public improvement was made — the work 
having been done well within the estimate 
— contrasts strongly with the introduction 
of the sewer system,which cost nearly twice 
the original estimate. Mr. Gill is, there- 



fore, eminently fitted for the office to which 
he has been nominated. His long residence 
and successful business career in this city, 
his experience on the board of education, 
and his legislative experience fit him ad- 
mirably to discharge the duties of mayor 
in a way to conserve the highest welfare of 
the city." That the endorsement accorded 
his nomination was fully justified has been 
shown by results, and the appreciation of 
his able administration was shown most 
conclusively by his being chosen as his own 
successor as the city's chief executive in the 
spring of 1896. A recent publication speaks 
of his work and policy as follows : "Since 
the incorporation of Orange as a town, 
January 31, i860, its aft'airs have never 
been administered in a more businesslike or 
satisfactory manner than during the past 
two years, ending April, 1896. Mayor Gill, 
although the nominee of the Republican 
party, has won the respect of his fellow 
citizens by his fearless, impartial and con- 
scientious discharge of the duties of his 
office." It is singularly characteristic of 
the man that throughout his entire life, 
whatsoe\'er his hand has found to do, 
whether in his business, his ofificial duties, 
or in any other sphere, he has done with 
all his might and with a deep sense of 
conscientious obligation. While not with- 
out that honorable ambition which is so 
powerful and useful as an incentive to 
activity in public aft'airs, he has ever re- 
garded the pursuits of private life as being 
in themselves abundantly worthy of his 
best eft'orts. 

Mr. Gill is an attendant and trustee of 
the old First Presbyterian church of 
Orange. Fraternally he is identified with 
that time-honored order, Freemasonry, 
being a member of Union Lodge, A. F. & 

A. M., and retaining his capitular member- 
ship in Orange Chapter, Royal Arch 

In the year 1861 was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. Gill to Miss Ellen Metcalf, 
daughter of David Metcalf, of Wrentham. 
Massachusetts. The American progenitor 
of the Metcalf family was Michael Metcalf, 
who was Ijorn in Tallerford, count}' of 
Norfolk, England, in 1586. He emi- 
grated to the American colonies and was 
admitted a townsman at Dedham, Massa- 
chusetts, July 14, 1637, joined the church 
two years later, and was made selectman 
in 1 64 1. His name appears first on the 
committee chosen to "contrive the fabricke 
of a meeting house." Mr. and Mrs. Gill 
are the parents of three children — Emlyn 
and George, wiio are the founders and pro- 
prietors of the Gill Engraving Company, in 
Orange; and Rev. Charles Gill, who is a 
graduate of Yale and who is now a mis- 
sionarv to China. 


is the senior member of the firm of Han- 
son & Son, leading contractors and build- 
ers of West Orange. He was born in the 
town of Oldenburg, Holstein, Germany, 
July 31, 1838, and is a son of Glaus and 
Mary (Blesmer) Hanson, whose family of 
eight children was as follows: Dertlef, a 
schoolteacher in one of the towns of Hol- 
stein, Dorothea, Marcus, Margaret, John 
C. Augustus, Henry, and one who died in 
childhood. The father of this family died 
in 1845, at the age of forty-seven years, 
and the mother afterward married Henry 
Wachtegale, by whom she had two chil- 
dren, — Augusta and Henry. FJer death 



occurred at the advanced aije of seventy- 
four years. 

Mr. Hanson, whose name heads this re- 
view, acquired his education in the thstrict 
schools of his native town, and at the age 
of sixteen entered upon his business career 
as an apprentice at the cabinet-maker's 
trade, serving for a three-years term. He 
followed that business for twenty-two 
years and was then drafted into the army, 
remaining in the military service for six- 
teen months. On the expiration of that 
period he resumed work as a cabinet- 
maker, to which industry he devoted his 
attention for a considerable time. At the 
age of twenty-eight years he was united 
in marriage to Miss Mollie Mentzel, daugh- 
ter of Daniel H. Mentzel, the wedding be- 
ing celebrated on the i6th of May, 1866. 

Soon afterward Mr. Hanson started 
with his bride for the Xew World, landing 
at Xew York on the 21st of July, of that 
year. He soon found work at his trade 
and finally located in Orange, where he 
worked at cabinet-making for two years. 
He then turned his attention to carpenter- 
ing, which he followed in the employ of 
others until 1886, when he entered into 
partnership with John Helbeck as a con- 
tractor and builder, under the firm name of 
Hanson & Helbeck. They located in West 
Orange and carried on business for a year, 
when the connection was discontinued and 
Mr. Helbeck was succeeded by Mr. Han- 
son's son, under the firm name of John C. 
Hanson & Son. They have taken many 
contracts for the erection of substantial and 
leading buildings in this locality and their 
jjatronage has been extensive and their 
business profitable. In 1891 Mr. Hanson 
built a saw and i)laning mill, and the 
branch of industry connected with this es- 

tablishment has largely facilitated their 
business and added considerably to their 

Mr. Hanson also erected a pleasant and 
commodious residence, supplied with all 
modern improvements. The home was 
blessed by the presence of three children, 
but the first born died in early life. John, 
who is in partnership with his father, was 
married January 16, 1897, to Christina 
Xorth. Max, who is em])loyed by Charles 
M. Decker & Brothers in the capacity of 
shipping clerk, was married in 1897 to 
Fannie Hoffman. The parents hold a 
membership in the Xorth Orange Baptist 
church, and in his political views Mr. Han- 
son is a Republican, but the honors or 
emoluments of public of^ce have had no 
attraction for him. He prefers to devote 
his time and energies to his business inter- 
ests, and in the legitimate channels of trade 
has won a creditable success. He started 
out in life empty-handed but with resolute 
purpose and strong determination to win 
a competence. He is truly a self-made man 
and the prosperity which he has achieved 
is the logical sequence of well directed and 
honorable effort. 


In the anxious and laborious struggle for 
an honorable competence and solid career 
on the part of the average business man 
fighting the every-day battle of life there is 
but little to attract the idle reader in search 
of a sensational chapter: but for a mind 
thoroughly awake to the reality and mean- 
ing of human existence there are noble and 
immortal lessons in the life of the man who, 
without other means than a clear head, a 
strong arm and a true heart, conquers for- 



tune and gains not only the temporal re- 
wards for his toil, but also that which is 
greater and higher, the respect and esteem 
of those with whom his years of active life 
have placed him in contact. America is 
distinctively a cosmc;politan nation : she has 
drawn from the four quarters of the world 
and rapidly assimilated the heterogeneoits 
elements. To no country does she. how- 
ever, owe more than to Germany, from 
whose provinces have come men of sturdy 
integrity, determined purpose and marked 
mental vigor — men who are both builders 
and conservators. The German-American 
is in the average case imbued most thor- 
oughly with the spirit of our national in- 
stitutions and brings to bear his strength 
of manhood to perpetuate and advance the 
higher interests of the republic. 

The subject cjf tliis re\'iew is known and 
honored as one of the representative and 
])ublic-spirited citizens of Orange, where he 
is now li\ing in practical retirement after a 
long and successful career in the world of 
active business. He has been a resident of 
Orange for more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury and has had an abiding and practical 
interest in all that has touched the pros- 
perity ami consecutive advancement of this 
favored section of Essex county. Born in 
Hessen. Germany, on the 3d of IMarch, 
1849. 1''^ received his educational discipline 
in the excellent schools of the fatherland. 
after which he turned his attention to the 
practical affairs of life by engaging himself 
to learn the hatter's trade. He had not. 
however, completed his apprenticeship, and 
was but a youth of eighteen years, when he 
decided to sever the tender ties which 
bound him to his home, and to seek a 
broader field for individual effort in the 
Unitetl States. Arriving here he entered 

the hat-manufactory of his uncle, Frederick 
Berg, at Orange Valley, this county, and 
under his effective direction became a 
skilled workman, familiar with all details of 
a business which has long figured as one 
of the most important industrial enterprises 
of Esse.x county. He remained with his 
uncle for twenty-two years, and he was for 
seven years the foreman of the manufac- 
tory. In 1875 he was admitted to a full 
partnership in one of the most extensive 
manufactories of the sort in the Union, and 
he continued in this connection until 1889, 
when he located in Newark, where he was 
engaged in a similar line of enterprise for 
a period of four years, after which he retired 
from active business life and is now enjoy- 
ing the fruits of his former toil. 

Mr. Berg became a resident of Orange 
in 1867. and for many years he has taken 
a distincti\-e interest in public affairs of a 
local nature, being stanchly arrayed in the 
support of the principles and policies ad- 
\anced by the Republican party, and hav- 
ing labored zealously for its cause. In 
1896 he was elected alderman from the 
fourth ward, whose normal political com- 
plexion has always been strongly Demo- 
cratic — a circumstance which bears ample 
testimony as to his personal popularity and 
to the respect and confidence in which he is 
held in the community. Mr. Berg is presi- 
dent of the German-English school at 
Orange, is a member of the Orange Valley 
Army Corps, and in his fraternal relations 
is identified with the Masonic order, being 
a member of Corinthian Lodge, No. 57, 
A. F. & A. M. and of Orange Chapter, No. 
23. R. A. M.. of Orange. 

In the year 1872 Mr. Berg was united in 
marriage to Miss Margaretta G. Gruner. a 
dausfhter of Georee F. Gruner, of New 


York, wliere she was born. Mr. and Mrs. 
Berg are the parents of the following named 
children : Matilda. Maria. Annie, Joseph. 
Graugott. and Alexander. Our subject and 
his wife are members of the Orange Valley 
Congregational church, and their attractive 
home is a center of sincere and gracious 


Leslie Dodd Ward bears the names of 
two of the early settlers of the town of 
Xewark. the records of which aflford abun- 
dant evidence of their important services 
in building up the settlement, and making 
it ultimately the foremost city in New Jer- 
sey. His earliest ancestor in this state was 
Josiah, son of George, of Branford, and 
the first, traditionally, to place foot on 
shore at the landing of the pilgrims on the 

The father of the subject of this sketch 
was Moses Dodd Ward. who. in the earl\- 
part of the present century, removed to 
Madison, in Morris county, New Jersey, 
where Leslie Dodd Ward was born. July 
I, 1845. I" his native place the lad re- 
ceived his preliminary education, and sub- 
sequently became a pupil in the old and 
famous academy at Newark. New Jersey, 
with a view to a preparation in this insti- 
tution for entrance into the College of 
New Jersey, at Princeton. It was near 
the close of the summer term of the acad- 
emy, in June, 1863, that the Confederate 
army, under General Robert E. Lee, in- 
vaded Pennsylvania, creating profound and 
widespreading alarm through the entire 
northern states. An appeal was made by 
the governor of Pennsylvania to the gov- 
ernors of the adjoining states, and in re- 
sponse thereto the governor of New Jersey 

called for volunteers to go to the aid of 
Pennsylvania in this emergency. In an- 
swer to this call eleven companies, consist- 
ing of seven hundred men and officers, went 
to the seat of war. Among them was the 
subject of this sketch, as a corporal in Com- 
pany F, commanded by Captain William 
J. Roberts. It was a short campaign, and 
when completed the young soldier returned 
to his home and the resumption of his 
academic course. This he continued to 
])ur6ue with so much credit to himself that 
at the ap])roaching commencement exer- 
cises, when he was to be graduated, he was 
awarded a position of honor among the 
orators of the occasion. His name was 
called, and the subject of his oration an- 
nounced; but while the audience awaited 
his appearance the master of the academy 
stepped forward and apologetically stated 
tiiat young Mr. Ward had just enlisted in 
the Thirty-seventh Regiment, and that his 
duties as tirst sergeant of Company G pre- 
vented the delivery of his speech. A shout 
of applause burst from the audience which 
no speech could ever have elicited. It was 
a fact that young Ward had, for the second 
time ere he had reached the age of nine- 
teen, enlisted as a soldier in the army of 
the L'nion. The commander of the regi- 
ment in which he last served was Colonel 
E. lUu'd (irui)b. and witli him he remained 
until the regiment was mustered out of ser- 
\-ice. in October. i8C)4. 

It was his experience among the sick 
and the wounded during his term of ser- 
vice in camp and field that led the yoimg 
soldier to believe that the life of a physi- 
cian was one that he ought to adopt. Re- 
turning to his home fully convinced of 
this, he entered, after a short rest, the 
office of Dr. Fisher, a well known 




])hysician of Morristown, New Jersey, 
where he began the study of medi- 
cine. In due time he became a stu- 
dent in the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons in New York city, and was grad- 
uated at that institution in 1868. Havmg 
determined to make Newark the field of 
professional labors, he became associated 
in practice at first with Dr. Lott Southard, 
a well known and esteemed physician of 
that city. This connection continued for 
two }ears, w hen Dr. Ward opened an office 
of his own, and soon made himself well and 
favorably known as a medical practitioner. 
In 1876 he became a member of the medi- 
cal board of St. Michael's hospital, the old- 
est institution of the kind in Newark, and 
for several years was secretary of this board. 
He was also visiting surgeon to St. Barna- 
bas" hospital, a position which he held with 
credit to himself and with benefit to those 
who came under his care. In 1877 he was 
appointed county physician of Essex 
county, an office which devolved upon him 
many duties that had been performed prior 
to 1876 by coroners and magistrates. 

In the organization of the Prudential 
Insurance Company of America Dr. Ward 
took an early and active part. He was one 
of its corporators and a member of its first 
board of managers. As early as October, 
1875, when it issued its first policy, he was 
its medical director, and continued in that 
position until 1884, when he was chosen 
its first vice-president. The duties of this 
office, which are largely of an executive 
character, he still performs, and it may be 
truly said that, for its admirable discipline 
and the promptness with which its daily 
work is performed, this mammoth institu- 
tion is greatly indebted to Dr. W'ard's ad- 
mirable executive ability. 

Dr. Ward was married March 5, 1874, to 
Aliss Minnie, daughter of James Perry, 
Escj., of Newark, New Jersey, and by her 
has two sons. The elder, Leslie P., is a 
stutlent at Yale University; the younger, 
Herbert E., is at Harvard. 


a public-spirited citizen of Essex county 
and an agriculturist of advanced ideas, was 
born in Chatham, Morris county. New Jer- 
sey, on the 4th of January, 1838, his parents 
being William and Julia (Spencer) Ashby. 
The father was a native of Canterbury, 
Kent county, England, and remained in 
the land of his birth until attaining his ma- 
jority, when he came to the United States 
and located in West Livingston, New Jer- 
sey, where he engaged in farming. He 
married Miss Julia Spencer, who was born 
in Chatham, a daughter of William Spen- 
cer, an old settler of New Jersey, and of 
their five children four survive, namely: 
George, of Millburn; John H., who lives in 
Nebraska; William S. ; and Amelia, the wife 
of Edward F. Stiles. Mrs. Ashby died in 
1843, being sur\ived liy her husband until 

William S. Ashby began to earn his own 
living at the early age of ten years, and was 
employed at various places until reaching 
his twenty-first year, when he purchased a 
farm in Livingston township, which he has 
continued to improve and upon which he 
at present resides. He has fifty-seven acres 
of excellent land and is regarded as one of 
the progressive farmers of the township. 

On the 3d of July, 1859, Mr. Ashby 
was united in marriage to Miss Mary A. 
Agar, who was born in Ireland and who, 
when a child, was brought to America by 


her parents, James and Eliza (Whitaker) 
Agar. They settled in Northfield, Living- 
ston township, where Mr. Agar engaged 
in farming, continuing in the same until his 
death, in 1882, his wife having passed away 
when Mrs. Ashby was still young. Three 
children were born to them : John, of East 
Orange; Thomas, of Newark; and Mary 
A. Mr. and Mrs. Ashby became the par- 
ents of the following children : Harvey J., 
of Honesdale, Pennsylvania; John, of West 
Orange; Eliza, the wife of J. L. Brown; 
Afifie, the wife of Wallace J. Smith, of Or- 
ange; William E. ; Alfred, who died at the 
age of twenty; Lillian died when nine years 
old; and Julia died at the age of sixteen 

Politically Mr. Ashby is a member of the 
Republican party, and has served as over- 
seer of the poor for six years and also over- 
seer of the roads; the beautiful condition of 
the latter attesting to the efficiency, execu- 
tive ability and earnest endeavors of Mr. 
Ashby. He is a self-made man, in the most 
widely accepted sense of the term, and by 
his personal efforts and the help of his 
faithful and loving wife he has acquired a 
splendid property and a comfortable com- 


deceased, was born in Northfield, in 1839, 
and was a son of John and Eliza Ann 
(Lyon) Emmons. He spent his boyhood in 
the manner of most farmer boys, working 
in the fields through the summer months 
and conning his lessons in the public 
schools through the winter season. On at- 
taining his majority he went to New York 
city, where he engaged in the wholesale 
grocery business, in connection with his 

brother John. During that time he also 
established in Orange a feed store, which 
he carried on for about four years. He 
then closed out in order to give his en- 
tire attention to the grocery trade, and 
in that line he built up a very entensive 
and profitable business. The firm enjoyed 
a most enviable reputation for reliability 
and for the excellent quality of the stock 
which they carried, and in consequence 
were always able to command a large trade. 
Their business methods were above ques- 
tion and their unfailing courtesy and their 
earnest desire to please their patrons made 
them ver}- popular with those with whom 
they had dealings. 

^Ir. Emmons of this review was united 
in marriage in early manhood to Miss Bet- 
sey Burnet, a daughter of Samuel H. Bur- 
net, and they had one child, who died in 
infancy. After the death of his first wife 
Mr. Emmons was again married, in 1875, 
his second union being with Miss Charlotte 
Adela, daughter of Ashbel Squier, who was 
born in Squiertown, now known as West 
Livingston. Her father followed shoemak- 
ing and farming. He married Ruth Burnet, 
a daughter of Samuel H. Burnet, and their 
children were as follows : Eliza, deceased 
wife of Bentley Meeker; Mary; Sarah 
Frances; Emily, also deceased wife of 
Bentley Meeker; and Theodosia, deceased 
wife of Theodore Baldwin. The father of 
this family was a member of the Presby- 
terian church and the mother held member- 
ship in the Baptist church in Northfield. 

Mr. and Mrs. Emmons were the parents 
of four children : Mortimer, who is engaged 
in the insurance business in Newark; Ruth, 
L^-ederick and Blanche. Mr. Emmons was 
a Democrat in his political belief, but 
had no time to devote to politics, aside from 



informing himself upon the issues of the 
day, in order that he might cast an intelH- 
gent ballot. His business and home inter- 
ests claimed his attention and he found the 
one profitable, the other pleasant. His life 
was well spent and his death, which oc- 
curred in 1890, was mourned by many 
friends. Mrs. Emmons still survives her 
husband and makes her home in West 
Orange. She is a member of the Presby- 
terian church and is held in the highest 
esteem throughout the community, her 
friends being: numerous. 


who is engaged in the grocery business in 
West Orange, was born in Maplewood, 
Essex county, on the 8th of April, 1865, 
and is a son of Walter and Mary (Leslie) 
Laidlaw, both of whom were natives of 
Roxburyshire, Scotland, the former born 
July 7, 1837, the latter June 26, 1837. Her 
parents were Andrew and Elizabeth (Allan) 
Leslie, who, crossing the Atlantic, spent 
their last days in Canada, where they died 
at the ages of ninety-one and eighty-four 
years respectively. They had nine chil- 
dren, all of whom survive them and are now 
residents of Canada, with the exception of 
Andrew and Elizabeth, who reside in Por- 
tersville, Tulare county, California. The 
former is extensively engaged in the mill- 
ing business. He married a lady in that 
state, and they have four sons. Elizabeth 
became the wife of James Murray, who is 
engaged in fruit-growing in Tulare county, 
and they have five sons and two daughters. 
The paternal grandparents of our sub- 
ject were Walter and Isabella (Rutherford) 
Laidlaw, who had a family of two sons and 
five daughters, as follows: Janet, wife of 

Peter Cockburn, who has long served as 
gardener for the Roosevelt family; Bar- 
bara, wife of Andrew Craig, who served for 
some years as porter of Waverly Park; 
Jane, wife of Alexander McGregor, who 
followed blacksmithing for many years in 
Newark; Elizabeth, who married and re- 
sided in Roxburyshire, Scotland, until her 
death; George, who married Anna Hunter, 
and resided for a number of years in New 
York: Walter; and Isabella, wife of N. R. 
Currie, a tinsmith and plumber of Belvi- 
dere, New Jersey. All of this family are 
now deceased with the exception of Isa- 
bella. The grandfather's was the fourth 
interment made in Fairmount cemetery, 
and twenty-five years later, in 1881, his 
wife was buried in the same grave. 

Walter Laidlaw, father of our subject, 
attended the public schools of his native 
land until fifteen years of age, and four 
years later came to the New World. He 
was married in the town of St. Marys, On- 
tario, Canada, November 16, i860, to Miss 
Mary Leslie. Their union was blessed 
with six children: Walter G., of West Or- 
ange, who married Carrie Baker and has 
four children, — Nina, Nellie, Lillie and 
Malcolm De Witt, — and is the foreman of 
the Orange Journal Publishing Company; 
Benjamin P., who is the second; Andrew 
Leslie, who married Emma Sanders, by 
whom he has four children, — Walter, Ben- 
jamin, Hazel (who died at the age of fif- 
teen months) and Herbert, — resides in 
West Orange and is connected with the 
Orange Distilled Water and Ice Com- 
pany; Allan Rutherford, who married Min- 
nie McCallion and has three children, — 
Alice, Leslie and Ada, — and is engaged in 
merchandizing in Porterville, California, 
having gone to that place for his health; 



Mary Janet, private stenographer for the 
Edison General Electric Company, at Har- 
rison, Xew Jersey; and Peter, who died at 
the age of eighteen months, completed the 
family. The mother is still living and 
makes her home with her son in West Or- 
ange. Like her husband, she is a worthy 
Christian, holding membership in the 
Methodist Episcopal church. Until his 
death, January 5, 1878, at the age of forty- 
two years, Mr. Laidlaw was the manager 
of the famous Roosevelt estate at Maple- 
wood, New Jersey. 

Benjamin P. Laidlaw acquired his early 
education in the schools of Maplewood 
and began to learn the trade of machinist 
and molder when fifteen years of age. He 
worked as a journeyman in Newark for the 
Watts Campbell Company for four years, 
and in 1888 embarked in business on his 
own account as a dealer in staple and fancy 
groceries and vegetables. He first opened 
a store in West Orange, at the corner of 
White and Beaver streets, and after two 
years purchased land at the corner of Val- 
ley road and White street, whereon he 
erected his commodious residence and sub- 
stantial store. In 1893 he also built the 
residence adjoining and has made many 
excellent improvements on his property. 
Sound judgment, care in the management 
of his business interests and indefatigable 
energy have placed him among the leading 
representatives of mercantile interests. 

Mr. Laidlaw is a member of Llewellyn 
Council, No. 539, Royal Arcanum, and 
was elected its first regent. He also be- 
longs to Orange Council, Junior Order 
American Mechanics, of Orange, served as 
the third councillor in that organization, 
and was the first president of the Walt 
Whitman Council of the National Union. 

Li his political views he is independent, 
voting for the candidates whom he thinks 
best qualified for office, is deeply interested 
in all that pertains to the public welfare 
and progress, and was elected president of 
the Sinking Fund Commission of W^est 

Mr. Laidlaw was married in Belvidere, 
New Jersey, January 2, 1890, the lady of 
his choice being Miss Christina Perry, a 
daughter of Daniel and Catherine (Currie) 
Perry. They now have two children, — 
Elise Leslie, born in November, 1890; and 
Douglas Perry, born February 24, 1894. 
Mr. and Mrs. Laidlaw attend the First 
Presbyterian church, of which she is a 
member, and the hospitality of many of 
the best homes of the community is en- 
joyed by them, their circle of friends being 


an energetic, highly respected citizen of 
West Orange, was born in the Orange V'al- 
ley. New Jersey, in 1856, and is a son of 
Caleb H. and Louise Matilda (Condit; 
Leek. His grandfather, Daniel T. Leek, 
was a native of Chester, Morris county, 
New Jersey, where he followed the occu- 
pation of farmer and was regarded as a 
good and worthy man. He died at the 
venerable age of seventy-five years. He 
and his wife were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: Caleb H., Joseph C. J., Jr., 
Charles, William, Esther and Carrie. 

Caleb H. Leek received a common- 
school education and was reared to early 
manhood upon his father's farm and subse- 
cpiently engaged in agricultural pursuits 
for a number of years, after which he con- 
ducted a hotel at Mendham, Morris 

/?.S',S'^.Y COUNTY. 

county. New Jersey. He took an active 
interest in puljlic affairs, iiis political ad- 
herency being with the Democratic party 
after tlie true Jeft'ersonian style, and he 
filled various township offices during his 
residence at ^lendham. He married, in 
i860. Miss Louise Matilda Condit, the fol- 
lowing children being the issue of this 
union : Walter Ludlow, tlie subject of this 
review; and one daughter, who died early 
in life. The demise of ]\Irs. Leek oc- 
ciuTed in iSdj; she was sur\'i\-ed by her 
husband until 1SS4. the interment taking 
j)lace in the family plat at Morristown, 
Morris county, Xew Jersey. He was an in- 
dustrious, thougiitful man. of rare good 
sense and judgment. 

Walter L. Leek obtained itis early men- 
tal discii)line in t!:e public schools of Mor- 
ristown and later completed his studies at 
the academy conducted 1)v Professor 
Shears, at Orange. When twenty-two 
years old he entered the firm of .Austin. 
Drew & Company, where he learned the 
hatting business, which he has continued to 
follow ever since. His intelligence, intlus- 
try and ability attracted the attention of 
his employers and he was promoted to the 
position of foreman, acting in that capac- 
ity at tiie present time. 

The marriage of Mr. Leek was cele- 
brated on the 26th of August. 1884, at 
which time he was united to Miss Susie 
Austin, daughter of Edward and Mary 
Jane (Allen) Austin, and they have two 
children, namely: Marion Louise, born 
May 25. 1885; and Walter Austin, born 
March 4. 1888. 

In his political convictions Mr. Leek is 
a stanch Democrat, and is a valued and 
public-spirited citizen of West Orange. He 
is building a commodious, handsome resi- 

dence on Hillside avenue. West Orange, 
where he will in the future extend a cor- 
dial hospitality to his many warm friends, 
who hold him in the highest esteem. 


who is engaged in the cultivation of roses 
at the corner of Mountain House road and 
Clark street. South Orange, has built up an 
extensive and profitable business, and has 
achieved that success which overcomes ob- 
stacles, and with resolute and honorable 
purpose pressed forward to the desired 
goal. He was born in Rock Mills, county 
Cork. Ireland, in 1847, and is a son of Will- 
iam and Ellen (Houghlahan) Walsh. His 
mother was a daughter of John Houghla- 
han, a practical gardener, who followed 
that vocation in his native isle throughout 
his entire life. The father. William Walsh, 
was a son of Thomas and Honora (Hen- 
nessy) Walsh. He acquired a common- 
school education and in his earlv manhood 
learned the gardener's trade, which he fol- 
lowed throughout his business career. He 
];assed away in i860, and his wife closed 
her eyes in death about 1852. They were 
members of the Catholic church and were 
esteemed by all who knew them. 

Their family numbered eight children, 
four of whom died in childhood, namely : 
Honora, who died at the age of fourteen; 
Helen, at the age of six years; William, 
when about seven years of age; and 
Thomas, in infancy. Those who reached 
years of maturity were: John, who 
learned the baker's trade and is probably 
still living on the Emerald Isle; Robert, 
who is married and carries on a grocery 
store in Ireland; Margaret, deceased; and 



The last named entered school on arriv- 
ing at a proper age and pursued his studies 
while not engaged in assisting his father in 
gardening. He remained under the pa- 
rental roof until he had attained his major- 
ity and gained a practical knowledge of the 
cultivation of roses, other plants and vege- 
tables. Realizing that the road to wealth 
in his native land was a crowded and 
difficult one, and that better opportunities 
were afforded across the Atlantic, he made 
preparation to change his place of resi- 
dence, and, bidding good-by to home and 
friends, sailed for New York, March 2, 
1866. Anchor was dropped in the Ameri- 
can harbor on the i6th of the same month, 
and he secured employment on Staten 
Island, where he remained until ,1868, when 
he came to Orange and entered the employ 
of William Redmond, in whose service he 
continued for four years. In 1872 he 
bought his present property at the corner 
of Mountain House road and Clark street, 
South Orange, erected thereon a modern 
and convenient residence and made prepar- 
ations to engage in floriculture. A large 
and perfectly equipped greenhouse was 
erected, and on his own account Mr. 
Walsh here began business. His patron- 
age steadily increased until, in order to 
meet the growing demand, he was obliged 
to build a second greenhouse in 1893. 
Since that time he has made a specialty of 
the cultivation of roses and has met with 
most gratifying success in this department. 
He understands fully the needs and re- 
quirements of the different plants, the soil 
best adapted to their growth, the tempera- 
ture and all the other conditions necessary 
to produce the most healthful and beau- 
tiful specimens of "the queen of flowers." 
In November, 1870, in Seton Hall Col- 

lege, South Orange, Mr. Walsh was united 
in marriage to Miss Rosanna Ryan, a 
daughter of Philip and Mary (Fitzsim- 
monsj Ryan. They have had two chil- 
dren : William, who is now his father's 
assistant in business; and Michael, who 
died at the age of fourteen months. Mr. 
and Mrs. Walsh and son are members of 
the Catholic church, attending services in 
the church of Our Lady of the Valley. In 
his political views he is a Democrat, but 
has never been an aspirant for office, pre- 
ferring to devote his entire time to his busi- 
ness interests. 


deceased, was born in Newark, November 
10, 1841, a son of George Hetzel, who was 
of German lineage. He acquired his edu- 
cation in the public schools and when he 
had attained early manhood learned the 
slate and gravel roofing trade, after which 
he worked as a journeyman for some time. 
In i860 he began business on his own ac- 
count in that line on Railroad avenue and 
Commerce street and in the undertaking 
met with gratifying success from the begin- 
ning. In 1886 he purchased a tract of land 
extending from Nos. 74 to 80 Magazine 
street and from 59 to 65 Main street, com- 
prising an entire block, upon which he 
made extensive improvements, erecting 
large buildings in which to carry on his 
business and supplying the same with the 
latest improved machinery. His trade be- 
came very large and his reputation for 
reliability and efficient workmanship ex- 
tended far and wide. He also erected a 
number of dwellings in Newark and gave 
his encouragement and support to many 
measures calculated to prove of public 



Mr. Hetzel was a man of most earnest 
purpose, of unquestioned integrity and 
straightforward business principles, and 
throughout the community he was held in 
the highest esteem for his fidelity to every 
duty of public and private life. He gave 
generously in support of the church and 
frequently contributed to hospitals and 
similar institutions. He was a broad and 
liberal-minded man, not bound by any 
narrow opinions, but looking upon all sub- 
jects from a practical and humanitarian 
standpoint. In politics he was also inde- 
pendent, supporting the man whom he 
thought best qualified for ofifice, regardless 
of party principles. 

In Newark, on the 9th of September, 
1863, Mr. Hetzel married Eliza J. Rae, a 
daughter of John and Rose Ann (MacMil- 
lan) Rae. Their union was blessed with 
the following children, viz. : George, who 
was born May 3, 1865, was married Sep- 
tember 3, 1890, to Annie Volk, and has 
three children, — Josephine, Elizabeth and 
Annie; Josephine, born February 2, 1867, 
who is the wife of Walter Gillis, of Brook- 
lyn, New York; Charles Edwin, born Au- 
gust 28, 1868, who was educated in the 
Newark public schools and graduated in 
the Coleman Business College of Newark. 
He then learned the trade of slate and 
gravel roofing under the direction of his 
father, and on the death of the latter be- 
came executor of the estate and has since 
carried on the business, capably managing 
its interests and securing therefrom a good 
financial return. He is a member of Eu- 
reka Lodge, No. 39, A. F. & A. M., of 
Newark, and Alama Council, No. 1749, 
Royal Arcanum, of Newark, and of the lat- 
ter is past regent. He was married, Sep- 
tember 20, 1893, to Sarah Stilwell, a 

daughter of David and Mary (Wilson) Stil- 
well, and their marriage has been blessed 
with one child, Charles E., born July 28, 
1895. John Hetzel, the next son in the 
family of John G. Hetzel, was born Sep- 
tember 9, 1870, is a graduate of Coleman's 
Business College, and is now employed by 
the estate; William, the next, born Septem- 
ber I, 1872, is also a graduate of the New 
Jersey Business College, and is employed 
by the estate; and Eugene, born August 
10, 1879, died November 26, 1885. 

Mrs. Hetzel still survives her husband 
and resides with her children at the old 
home left by the husband and father. She 
was to him a true helpmeet and companion 
in all the affairs of life, and is a most gen- 
erous hostess, dispensing a charming hos- 
pitality to all her many friends. The fam- 
ily attend the Trinity Reformed church. 


a successful dairyman and milk dealer of 
East Orange, was born in Fayetteville, 
Cumberland county. North Carolina, Sep- 
tember 6, 1854, and is a son of William H. 
and Charlotte (Elam) Holland. The 
father also was a native of Fayetteville, 
where he acquired a good common-school 
education. He learned the carriage-mak- 
ing trade and followed that pursuit 
throughout his entire life, prominently 
connected with the industrial interests of 
his native city. He was drafted for service 
in the Confederate army in 1863 and was 
with the southern troops for nearly two 
years or until the war was ended. He was 
a brave and gallant soldier, earnestly de- 
fending the cause in which he so firmly 

William H. Holland was an onlv son. 



and lie had but one sister, Sarah, now the 
wife of Philemon Taylor, a merchant of 
Fayetteville, North Carolina, by whom she 
had several children. William H. Holland, 
the father, who was born in 1826, died in 
January, 1893. He was a faithful Chris- 
tian man. a devoted husband and father, a 
loyal friend and a valued citizen. For a 
number of years he was an officer in the 
Methodist Episcopal church. His wife sur- 
vives him and still resides in Fayetteville. 
In their family were four sons and two 
daughters: Charles A., who married Aliss 
Poindexter, of Virginia, and now resides in 
Maxton, North Carolina; William C, who 
married Lina Mitchell, of Fayetteville, and 
had a family of several children; Thomas 
Bragg; Alice D.. wife of H. I. McDuffy, 
who resides with his wife and children in 
Fayetteville; Robert Lee. of Fayetteville, 
who married Lulu Culbreth. by whom he 
has two sons and a daughter; and Ida E., 
wife of Rev. John H. Hall, by whom she 
has two sons and two daughters. 

Mr. Holland, whose name introduces 
this article, obtained his education under 
private instruction and in 1872 embarked 
in his business career in the line of mer- 
chandizing. In 1872 he came to New Jer- 
sey, locating in Bloomfield, Essex county, 
where he began to learn the trade of organ- 
tuning. That pursuit he followed for 
twelve years, and in 1885 he engaged in 
the dairy and milk business in East Or- 
ange, where he has since carried on opera- 
tions along that line. He succeeded to 
the business of his father-in-law, Theodore 
F. Pierson, and in the enterprise has met 
with gratifying success, having a large and 
constantly increasing patronage. 

Mr. Holland was married November 5, 
1879, the lady of his choice being Miss 

Sarah ilatilda, daughter of Theodore F. 
and Mary E. (Dodd) Pierson. Three chil- 
dren grace their union : Percival, born 
August 29. 1880; Walter Elam, born May 
20, 1884; and Arthur Edward, born July 
29, 1892. The parents are members in the 
Arlington Avenue Presbxterian church, 
and in the community x\here they now 
make their home are held in the highest 
esteem. The hospitality of the best homes 
in East Orange is extended them, and their 
circle of friends is constantly broadening. 


who is now living retired in his pleasant 
home at No. 316 Washington avenue, Glen 
Ridge, New Jersey, is one of the oldest 
residents of Essex county, now being in his 
ninety-first year and well preserved both 
physically and mentally. The history of 
one who has lived for nearly a hundred 
years in any community and whose life has 
been such as to win him the confidence and 
esteem of all those with whom he has been 
associated, cannot fail to be of interest. It 
is therefore fitting that the gentleman 
above named should be accorded biograph- 
ical mention on these pages. 

Ira Campbell was born in Montclair 
township, Essex county. New Jersey, April 
10, 1807. His parents, John and Sarah 
(Osborn) Campbell, were natives of New 
Jersey, Mrs. Campbell being a daughter of 
Joel Osborn. But little is known of the 
history of the Osborn family. The Camp- 
bells, as far back as their history can be 
traced, were Scotch Presbyterians. Some 
representatives of the family came to this 
count rv ])revious to the Revolutionary 
war. Phineas Campbell, the grandfather 
of Ira, was one of the pioneers of New Jer- 





sey. and was a soldier in the Revolution. 
His son John, referred to alio\'e. was a 
wheelwright by trade, which he followed 
for many years. He died when his son 
Ira. our subject, was a small boy. 

After the death of his father, Ira Camp- 
bell went to live with his uncle, Peter Camp- 
bell, who at that time lived in Orange, New 
Jersey, and in Orange the boy attended 
school in the old white schoolhouse which 
stood on the corner where the brick church 
now stands. At fourteen he began work 
at the shoemaker's trade, which he fol- 
lowed for several years, at first working in 
Orange and later engaging in the manu- 
facture of boots and shoes at Montclair, 
New Jersey. At the beginning of the civil 
war he was tloing a real-estate business. 
This he relinquished in order to accept the 
position of recruiting officer for the dif- 
ferent regiments of New Jersey. At the 
close of the war he again gave his atten- 
tion to the real-estate business and also to 
auctioneering, which he followed for many 
years. Also for thirty-six years he filled 
the ofifice of constable. His re-election to 
this place from time to time for so many 
years is ample evidence of his popularity 
and efficiency. The duties of his office took 
him all over Essex county, and for about 
six months of the year occupied his time 
in court, and in this way he became prob- 
ably as well known as any man in the 
county. His name became a terror to all 
evil-doers, for he never attempted to arrest 
a man that he did not accomplish his pur- 
pose. Not infrequently he was called up- 
on to arrest desperate characters whom 
other oificers were unable to handle. A 
man of nerve and firmness, fearing noth- 
ing and never using harsh measures, he 
had only to say his name was Campbell 

and that he was the constable, and the ar- 
rest was easy to make. In connection with 
this office he also served for a time as col- 
lector. Later in life he was induced by his 
friends to take up auctioneering, and in 
this, as in whatever else he undertook, he 
made a success, his services being in de- 
mand all over Essex county. He con- 
tinued auctioneering and the real estate 
Ijusiness until 1892, when, on account of 
his extreme age. he retired from actix'e life 
and since then has devoted his time and 
attention to looking after his own private 
aft'airs and entertaining his numerous 

Mr. Campbell has been married three 
times. By his first wife, whose maiden 
name was Jane Dodd. and who was a 
daughter of Jephthah Dodd, he had three 
children, namely: Edward H., engaged 
in the lime and cement business in Chicago, 
Illinois; Margaret A., wife of P. J. Ward, 
of Glen Ridge, New Jersey; and Phoebe C, 
wife of Heber Dodwill, a merchant of Or- 
ange, New Jersey. ]\Ir. Campbell's pres- 
ent wife was Miss Alartha J. Taylor, daugh- 
ter of the late Rev. James Taylor, of Sun- 
derland, Massachusetts. Mrs. Campbell 
was born in Sunderland, but has resided in 
New Jersey about forty years. 

The active public life Mr. Campbell led 
for so many years naturally brought him 
in contact with politics and political men. 
He took a lively interest in the same and 
was always found on the right side of every 
question. In early life he was an old-line 
Whig. At the organization of the Repub- 
lican party he allied himself with it and has 
been true to its principles ever since. He 
cast his vote for William Henry Harrison 
in 1840. in 1888 voted for the grandson of 
that grand old man. and in 1896 helped to 


elect President McKinley. It is the wish 
of Mr. Campbell's numerous friends that 
he may yet live many years and be able to 
cast his vote for other presidents. 

Mr. Campbell's long life may in a meas- 
ure be attributed to his temperate habits. 
He has never used intoxicating drink and, 
with the exception of a brief period when 
he smoked cigars, has never used tobacco. 
His sympathy is with the prohibition move- 
ment. For many years he has been a 
church member, is identified with the Con- 
gregational church, and for some time has 
served as a deacon of the same. He was 
formerly a member of the Presbyterian 
church of Bloomfield, and also served as 
an elder of the Presbyterian church of 


The inevitable law of destiny accords to 
tireless and well directed energy a success- 
ful career, and this fact has ample verifica- 
tion in a specific way in the case of the 
subject of this review. Mr. Decker, who 
is recognized as distinctively one of the rep- 
resentative business men and most public- 
spirited citizens of that beautiful section 
of Essex county known as the Oranges, 
and who has attained the grateful prestige 
of worthy success in material affairs 
through his own ability and industry, has 
promoted public good through private en- 
terprise and has proved himself fully alive 
to those higher duties which represent the 
most valuable citizenship in any locality 
and at any period. His personal career 
and his genealogical history are such as to 
render him particularly eligible for repre- 
sentation within these pages. 

The lineage of Mr. Decker touches two 

distinct strains, — the New England, or 
transplanted and reinfused English, and 
the Holland. The characteristics of these 
two lines are so well known, that, if hered- 
ity implies aught, it can not but be taken 
for granted that any scion must possess the 
sturdy, pragmatic ability of the latter, 
coupled with the alertness, vigor and en- 
durance of the former. Certain it is that 
these attributes are rnanifest in the career 
of our subject and in his individuality have 
been most potent, for he has made the 
best use of his powers and has proved a 
profitable servant in the great field of life's 

Jacob Decker, grandfather of Charles 
M., was a native of Orange county, New 
York, whence he eventually removed to 
Chemung county, in the same state, where 
he married Eunice Kelsey, of whom it is 
recorded that she was the first white child 
born in the town of Ashland, that county, 
the date of her nativity having been March 
1 6, 1789, and her father having been Abner 
Kelsey. The name of Johannis Decker is 
mentioned among those who settled in the 
town of Montgomery. Orange county. 
New York, between the years 1678 and 
1778, and it is practically authenticated 
that he was either a son or grandson of 
Abraham Decker, the American progeni- 
tor, who came from Holland and settled in 
Copake, New York, about 1757. Jacob 
and Eunice (Kelsey) Decker became the 
parents of six sons and two daughters, one 
of the sons, Harrison Decker, who was 
born about 1821, at Wellsburg, Chemung 
county. New York, being the father of the 
immediate subject of this sketch. Harri- 
son Decker took unto himself a wife, in 
the person of Harriet Tubbs, daughter of 
Charles Tubbs, who was a lineal descend- 


ant of William Tubbs, of Duxbiiry, Massa- 
chusetts. The last-named was made a 
freeman of Plymouth colony in 1637, and 
in June of the same year he was one of 
those who volunteered for service in the 
expedition against the hostile Pequot In- 
dians, who were then committing serious 
depredations and otherwise proving a men- 
ace to the colonists. \\'illiam Tubbs be- 
came a member of the historical company 
commanded bv the famous Puritan, Miles 

Charles M. Decker, son of Harrison and 
Harriet (Tubbs) Decker, was born at 
\\'ellsburg. Chemung county, New York, 
on the 1st of November, 1850. His edu- 
cational discipline was such as was af- 
forded by the public schools of his native 
town, and even as a boy he gave distinctive 
evidence of that ambition and self-reliant 
spirit which have been such potential fac- 
tors in insuring his success in connection 
with the material activities of life. His 
father was a successful business man and 
one whose character was such as to gain 
and retain to him the respect and conli- 
dence of the community in which he lived. 
He understood thoroughly the ambitious 
nature of his son and gave him all the en- 
couragement possible, recognizing that in 
the quickening of the inherent energies of 
the youth by actual conflict with the world 
woukl be engendered the maximum of 
strength and the greatest usefulness. Thus 
when Charles M. was but a lad of fourteen 
years he made his initial trip to New York 
city, with a view to seeking employment in 
the metropolis. After passing a brief in- 
terval in the city he concluded to continue 
his journey to Orange, New Jersey, to visit 
an old friend of his father's, Stephen D. 
Herman, who was at that time one of the 

leading business men of this section. The 
young man met with a kindly reception, 
and through the intluence of Mr. Herman 
secured employment in the grocery store 
of Benjamin F. Cairnes. After retaining 
this position about a year our subject en- 
tered the employ of Air. Herman and con- 
tinued with him and his successors until 
1869. \\'ithin this inter\-al of faithful and 
etficient service Air. Decker had become 
familiar with business methods and had 
duly profited by his experience. But one 
of so strong and resourceful individuality 
was certain to eventually seek wider fields 
of endeavor, and in 1870 Mr. Decker went 
to New York city, wliere, in the line of 
handling butter on commission basis, he 
engaged in Ijusiness upon his own respon- 
sibility, continuing the same, with a fair 
measure of success, about one year, when, 
haxing just attainetl his legal majority, he 
returned to Orange and effected the pur- 
chase of the grocery business of his old em- 
ployer, Mr. Cairnes. 

The courage of the young man and his 
keen discernment as to ultimate results 
were brought into ex'idence at this time, 
for he was not content to follow along in 
the old lines of undue conservatism. l)ut 
showed his progressive ideas and enter- 
prise by inaugurating an entirely new sys- 
tem of conducting operations. Much of 
the trade of the locality was still deflected 
to the New York market, and Air. Decker 
was convinced that by the proper methods 
this could be all, or practically all, retained 
in Orange. His prescience of the means 
necessary to attain the desired ends was 
manifest when he stocked his establish- 
ment with the finest lines of goods, pro- 
\ided a free-deliverv system and adopted 
the plan of extending only short credit. 


His labors were attended with success, for 
eventually the best suburban trade was 
drawn from New York to the home mar- 
ket, which offered equal inducements in the 
wa\- of goods and better facilities in all 
other ways. After his lease of his original 
headquarters expired Mr. Decker removed 
his establishment to the opposite side of 
Main street, in East Orange, where he was 
provided with ample accommodations and 
facilities for carrying on his ever increas- 
ing business. He wisely adopted the plan 
of purchasing all goods for cash, thereby 
securing discounts which enabled him to 
offer inducements outside the reach of 
competition. His trade gradually ex- 
tended its ramitications throughout the 
Oranges and outlying towns and villages. 
and an idea of the expansion of the enter- 
prise may he gained from the statement 
that while the year 1871-2 recorded tran- 
sactions amounting to approximately ten 
thousand dollars, the annual business for 
1893 had reached the notable aggregate 
of half a million dollars. The significance 
of this fact may not be fully appreciated at 
a glance, but a moment's thought will give 
one a comjirehension of the ulterior or in- 
direct benefit derived from deflecting this 
additional trade from the metropolis to the 
immediate locality, — the influence upon 
the wealtli and prosperity of the conuuu- 
nity is unmistakable. 

In 1889 Mr. Decker opened a branch 
establishment in the Lindsley building, lo- 
cated on Main street, in Orange, and 
within the following year he purchased the 
Sharj) property, at 222-4 Main street, 
where he erected a substantial and ornate 
building of approved modern architectural 
design, the same being one of the flnest 
business structures in the countv. The 

front of the building is of Indiana stone, 
rubied, and its lateral dimensions are 
50 x 100 feet, while it is four stories in 
height. The building extends through 
from Main street to Railroad avenue, and 
its total cost, including the land, was about 
sixty-five thousand dollars. It has been 
truly said that this, together with the new 
bank building, in whose erection Mr. 
Decker was largely instrumental, have 
added materially to the appearance of Or- 
ange as a business center and to the city 
in an architectural way. Mr. Decker has 
made other judicious in\estments in local 
realty, and has improved the same in a style 
indicative of his good taste and liberality. 

Strenuously withholding himself from 
active participation in political affairs of 
the city and county. Air. Decker has been 
by no means unmindful of the duties of 
citizenship along this line, and has given 
his influence to the promoting of good 
government and to all that conserves the 
progress and material prosperity of the 
community in which he has maintained his 
home for so long a period of years. He is 
known as a man of unswerving integrity in 
all the relations of life, and this may be 
said to be the key-note of a character which 
has ever appealed strongly to the confi- 
dence and esteem of all with whom he has 
come in contact. 

P)y marriage Mr. Decker is connected 
with two of the oldest families in East Or- 
ange. — the Peck and the Jones families. 
In September. 187 1. he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Harriett L. Jones, daughter 
of Alfred and Margaret E. (Peck) Jones, 
two of the earliest settlers of that locality 
which was formerly known as Pecktown. 
Mr. and Mrs. Decker are the parents of 
nine children, whose names, in order of 


birth, are as follows: Margaret, Harrison, 
Harriett L., Arthur, May, Richard F., 
Katharvn and Laraiis. Charles M., Jr., 
the third child born, is deceased. 


now engaged in the manufacture of cigar 
boxes at No. 95 Bruce street, Newark, is 
carrying on a successful and extensive busi- 
ness, which is the legitimate result of his 
own well directed and persevering efforts. 
Even in a republic like ours, where there 
is no fa\ored road to fame or wealth, where 
all may aspire to the highest point that am- 
bition may set w ithout natural hinflrances, 
individual failures are more numerous than 
individual successes: and it requires ex- 
cellent business qualities, the closest appli- 
cation and untiring energy to concjuer the 
circumstances which forced him to start 
out in life for himself at the early age of 
ten. and make his way upward in the face 
of many ditTiculties. This Mr. Peterson 
has successfully accomplished, however, 
and is now at the head of a large and profit- 
al)le enterprise of Newark. 

I^)orn in West Orange township, Essex 
county, on the 6th of January, 1867. Mr. 
Peterson is a son of Peter A. and Agatha 
(Bork) Peterson. The father was born in 
the city of Varda. in one of the districts 
of Denmark, and was educated in his na- 
tive land. In his early manhood he 
learned the wheelwright's trade, which he 
followed until his emigration to America 
in i8()6. Crossing the broad ocean, he 
landed at New York, and taking up his 
residence in Orange, New Jersey, entered 
the em])loy of Nicholas Alby, for whom he 
worked for some time, and next with Rob- 
ert Baldwin. After working- for less than 

two years at the trade of wheelwright, he 
decided to return to his native land and 
introduce many .\nicrican methods of con- 
struction into that countr_\-. He engaged 
in the manufacture of wagons on the 
American ]-)lan and was \-ery successful in 
that enterprise. ac([uiring thereb_\- a fair 
competence. Later he coji\-erted his busi- 
ness into money, and in 1873 again came 
to the United States, locating in Newark, 
where he entered the employ of the firm of 
]\Ieeker & Hedden. working for them in 
the capacity of wheelwright and stair- 
builder. He continued in their employ un- 
til 1876. when he took charge of an ex- 
hibit at the Centennial Exposition in 
F'hiladelphia, and on its close he again 
entered the employ of Meeker & Hedden, 
with whom he continued for several years, 
or up to the time of his death, which oc- 
curred March 5. 1879. He was born 
]\Iarch 12, 1844. He made investments in 
real estate after his second removal to 
America, and owned some valuable prop- 
erty. He was a consistent member of the 
church of the House of Prayer on Broad 
street. Newark, and was a man of the ut- 
most reliability. 

June 2. 1866. Peter Peterson was mar- 
ried to Agatha Bork. and to them were 
born four children: .Vndrew; .\nnie. wife 
of Emil Rosetzky : they had one son. An- 
drew, who died at the age of one year; 
Jeremiah, of Newark, who married Miss 
Hemhouser and has two children; and 
Harry. After the death of Mr. Peterson 
his widow married John Williams, and by 
this marriage has one daughter. Orando 
A., born May 14, 1880. 

In his early chiklhood Andrew Peterson 
returned with his parents to Denmark, 
where he attended school until the family 



once more came to America. He was af- 
terward a student in tlie schools of New- 
ark. At the early age of ten years he was 
obliged to earn his own living, and by his 
well directed efforts he acquired the money 
which- enabled him to jnirsue a course of 
study in the Coleman and New Jersey 
Business Colleges, thus being fitted for the 
practical and responsible duties of a busi- 
ness career. He then began to learn the 
cabinet-maker's trade, at which he served 
a three-years apprenticeship. He also 
worked for three years as a millwright and 
machinist. In 1889 and 1890 he worked 
upon and at length perfected an invention, 
consisting of a mechanical appliance for the 
construction of cigar boxes, and then em- 
barked in the manufacture of such boxes. 
In 1890 he admitted to a partnership in 
this business his brother-in-law, Ernest 
Riehman, opening a small factory at No. 
20 Broom street. This connection was 
continued for about a year, when Mr. 
Peterson bought out his partner's interest 
and installed himself in the rear of 172 
Newton street, Newark. For three years 
he remained at that i)lace, but his rapidly 
increasing trade necessitated his removal to 
more commodious rjuarters, and he pur- 
chased the ground at No. 95 Bruce street, 
erecting thereon a two-story building, 
twenty-tivc by fifty feet, and there he be- 
gan the manufacture of boxes by steam 
power. In 1895 he was again compelled 
to enlarge his plant and added another 
story to his building. He now has a well 
equipped factory, manufacturing according 
to his own invention, and turns out five 
thousand boxes per week. The industry is 
now a profitable one and brings to the 
owner a well earned reward for his labor. 
Mr. Peterson was married in Newark, on 

the 6th of February, 1889, to Miss Char- 
lotte Henrietta Riehman, a daughter of 
August and Dorothy Riehman. She is a 
member of the Presbyterian church, of 
Newark. ]Mr. Peterson belongs to several 
I)enevolent and social organizations, in- 
cluding Newark Lodge, No. 25, F. & 
A. M.: Orange Lodge, No. 135, B. P. O. 
E. : Golden Star Fraternity, Columbia 
Council. No. 4. ; and the society of the 
Young German-Americans of Newark. In 
his political views he is an ardent Republi- 


who is well established in business in East 
Orange as a successful contractor and 
builder, is numbered among New Jersey's 
native sons, his birth having occurred in 
Madison, Morris countv. on the i8th of 
April, 1S37. His parents were Azariah 
\\'esley and Abby (Force) Carter. The 
grandfather, Azariah Horton Carter, was 
also a nat4ve of Madison. Morris county, 
and was of Irish lineage. He was a farmer 
by occupation and followed that pursuit 
throughout his active business career. He 
was widely known for his generous hospi- 
talitv, his benevolence and his Christian 
\irtues, and his life was a benediction to all 
who knew him. He was instrumental in 
the organization of the first Presbyterian 
church in Madison, aiding in building the 
first house of worship, and by his means 
and influence contributed largely to its sup- 
port and progress. For a number of years 
he served gratuitously as its pastor, and 
ever earnestly endeavored to promote 
Christian enterprises. He died in 1852, at 
the advanced age of ninety years. It was 
"a father in Israel" that had fallen, a man 



beloved and honored by all, but the mem- 
ory of his noble life still is cherished by 
those who knew him. He had five sons 
and three daughters: Alahlon, Abraham, 
George, Azariah Wesley, Elias, Betsey, 
Phoebe and Alary. 

Azariah Wesley Carter, the father of our 
subject, was born in 1810, received a com- 
mon-school education and spent his child- 
hood days under the parental roof. He 
also followed agricultural pursuits until his 
life's labors were ended, November 18, 
1892. He married Abby Force, a daughter 
of Benjamin and Sarah Force, and six chil- 
dren were born of their union: Azariah 
Horton, whose name introduces this 
sketch; Harriet, wife of Ira De Hart, by 
whom she has two children: Elias, who 
died at the age of thirty-five years, after 
serving for three years as a member of the 
Twenty-seventh New Jersey Volunteers 
anil had been honorably discharged; Mah- 
lon, who married Mary Brandt, and died in 
1887, at the age of thirty-two, leaving one 
child, Mary, who married Joseph Kent and 
after his death became the wife of William 
Newman, while her death occurred in Oc- 
tober, 1894; Jane, who died at the age of 
seventeen years; and Phoebe, wife of 
James McMickle, by whom she has one 
child. The mother of this family departed 
this life at the age of seventy-eight years. 

Mr. Carter, of this review, spent his early 
boyhood days in Madison, where he at- 
tended the common schools. At the age 
of sixteen he began to learn the carpen- 
ter's trade under the direction of Asahel 
Bowen, who died a year and a half later, 
and Mr. Carter completed his apprentice- 
ship in the employ of Frank Springer. He 
afterward worked as a journeyman for a 
number of years, and in 1864 began busi- 

ness on his own account in East Orange, 
where he soon established a reputation as 
a skilled contractor and builder, who had 
thoroughly mastered his business and ren- 
dered excellent service to his patrons. He 
has erected many modern residences in 
Orange and East Orange, which attest his 
architectural skill and are monuments to 
his thrift and enterprise. In 1867 he built 
his own commodious home at No. 373 
Williams street. 

Mr. Carter was married November 15, 
1862, to Miss Esther A. Kent, a daughter 
of Simon and Jemimah (Day) Kent, who 
were of German lineage. Her grandfather, 
Jacob Kent, was a soldier in the Continental 
army during the war of the Revolution. 
He was a resident of Morris county, living 
near Greenwood lake, where he followed 
the quiet pursuits of the farm and also en- 
gaged in the manufacture of baskets. Dur- 
ing his service in the army he experienced 
the terrible hardships of the winter at Val- 
ley Forge. He married Affey Edwards 
and they became the parents of twelve 
children. He afterward inarried Keziah 
Dodd and they had nine children, all of 
whom reached mature years and became 
good Christian people. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carter had the following 
children: Charles Harvey, born May 11, 
1864, married Carrie Coons and has two 
children, — Florence and Ethel; Freddie 
W., born August 3, 1865, died at the age 
of six years; Jennie, born December 28, 
1868, is the wife of James E. Berry, and 
they have one child, Howard; Ella W., 
born November 6, 1872, died at the age of 
two years; Frank Wesley, born September 
24, 1870, died at the age of two and a half 
years: Azariah Wesley, born January 24, 
1879: Eva B., born November 24, 1881; 



Emma Force, born February 14, 1885; and 
Mildred Louise, born December 30, 1888. 
The parents of this family are worthy 
Christian people, holding membership in 
the Calvary Methodist Episcopal church, 
of East Orange. Mr. Carter is an advo- 
cate of Democratic principles, but at local 
elections where no national issue is in- 
volved supports the men whom he thinks 
best qualified for the duties of the office 
regardless of party affiliations. 


As general history is but composite biog- 
raphy, it naturally follows that the deepest 
human interest in study and investigation 
must lie along those lines where thought 
has engendered achievement, not less for 
the general than the individual good. In 
any locality where progress has left its con- 
secutive tracings by the way there must 
ever be a dominant interest in reverting to 
the lives which have been an integral part 
of such advancement, — whether on the lofty 
plane of "massive deeds and great." or in 
the more obscure levels where honest pur- 
pose and consecutive endeavor play their 
part not less nobly and efifectively. New 
Jersey is peculiarly rich in historical lore, 
and it can not but be a matter of gratifica- 
tion to find, in these latter days of electrical 
progress, that to the favored common- 
wealth remains a nutnerous progeny of 
those who were the founders and honored 
pioneers of the state. The ancestry of him 
whose name initiates this review is shown 
by records extant to have been long and 
conspicuously identified with the annals of 
American history. The lineage traces to 
Samuel Plum, or Plumbe, as the originator 
of the Essex county branch of the family. 

He was a son of John Plum, who removed 
from either Dorchester or Maldon. Essex 
county. England, and took u]) his abode 
in Wethersfield, Connecticut, prior to Sep- 
tember, i63r). In the succeeding year, be- 
fore deputies were introduced into the Con- 
necticut colony, he was a sort of ruler or 
colonial governor. He was a representa- 
tive in 1 64 1 and served in a similar office 
twice thereafter. He eventually removed 
to Branford, before 1646, and his death oc- 
curred in that place aljout two years after- 
ward. Samuel Plum came from Branford. 
Connecticut, and settled in Newark, having 
been one of the company who came hither 
with Governor Treat, one of the colonial 
governors of Connecticut, and figured 
among the founders of the city of X'ewark. 
The year of his arrival here was 1666, and 
the old records of the city show that he be- 
came a man of no little prominence in the 
community, his vocation l)eing that of a 
surveyor. He became the father of four 
sons and three daughters, and one of these 
sons married a daughter of Governor Treat, 
aljove referred to. The direct line of de- 
scent touching the immediate subject of 
this memoir is through Samuel's second 
son and fourth child, John (i), thence 
through John (2), John (3), Matthias and 
Stephen Haines, whose full patronymic is 
borne by our subject. Matthias Plum, the 
grandfather of Stephen Haines (2), was a 
well known and honored resident of New- 
ark, having been ]n-ominently identified 
with local affairs. The original orthogra- 
phy of the name was Plum, and later, until 
i^fDO, it was spelled Plume. The maiden 
name of our subject's mother was Margaret 
Monteith Todd, and she was born in Bel- 
videre. New Jersey, being the daughter of 
Michael Todd, who emigrated from Glas- 





gow, Scotland, and took up his residence in 
the United States in the latter part of the 
eighteenth century. He died while his 
children were yet young. 

Stephen Haines Plum, father of our sub- 
ject, was bom in the city of Newark, New 
Jersey, on the 7th of January, 1800, and for 
many years was a prominent merchant and 
shoe manufacturer of his native city, where 
he died in 1885, his wife having died Janu- 
ary 6, 1883. 

Stephen H. Plum (2), the immediate suli- 
ject of this review, was born in Newark on 
the 1 2th of November, 1842, acquiring his 
educational discipline under the effective 
direction of Professor Nathan Hedges, who 
was widely known as a cultured man and 
a thorough instructor in the educational 
field. At the age of nineteen Mr. Plum 
completed his studies and secured a posi- 
tion in the City Bank of Newark, retaining 
the same for eighteen months, after which 
he became connected with the National 
Bank of the Republic, in New York city, 
where his promotion was insured, since he 
proved his abilities and his fidelity to the re- 
sponsible trusts imposed. He continued 
with this institution for but one year less 
than a quarter of a century, and during the 
last twelve years of service he held the of- 
fice of paying teller. His father died in 
1885, leaving a large estate to be settled 
up, and on this account Mr. Plum resigned 
his position in the bank in order that he 
might devote his entire time and attention 
to his individual property interests. He 
spent eighteen months abroad, visiting 
England, Scotland, Ireland, France, Italy, 
Germany, Algeria and other foreign coun- 
tries, and since his return he has found that 
his private interests place demands which 
require his undivided attention. 

Politically Mr. Plum is a Republican of 
the most pronounced type in national and 
state matters, but in local affairs he main- 
tains an independent attitude, preferring to 
lend his support to the man whom he re- 
gards as the most fitting for municipal 
offices, thus ramifying outside of absolute 
ticket limitations. In his religious adheren- 
cy Mr. Plum has taken an active and prom- 
inent part in furthering the work and in- 
terests of the Baptist denomination, hav- 
ing, in 1858, become a member of the First 
Baptist Peddie Memorial church, of which 
he was for nineteen years the treasurer. 
He was also for several years president of 
the board of trustees, is active in the fur- 
therance of missionary work, and is one of 
the trustees of the Baptist Missionary 
Union. As a teacher he maintains an abid- 
ing interest in the Sunday school, and he 
has induced many youths to attend his 
class, inspiring them by precept and exam- 
ple, and in this manner he has been instru- 
mental in developing honorable men who 
have attained success in life and have be- 
come the heads of prosperous, Christian 

On the 25th of October, 1865, was sol- 
emnized the marriage of Mr. Plum to Miss 
Mary Runyon, a daughter of David C. and 
Lydia (Dodd) Runyon, of Newark, and this 
union has been blessed with three children, 
namely: ISIargaret Monteith, wife of 
Henrj- G. Atha, treasurer of the Cast Steel 
Works of New Jersey; Martha J., at home; 
and Stephen Haines, Jr., who is now a 
student at Princeton College. The family 
home is one distinctively worthy of the 
name, and there a gracious hospitality is 
ever in evidence, — a hospitality which is 
duly appreciated by the many friends of 
Mr. Plum and his family. 




who represents the industrial interests of 
Newark as a manufacturer of ornamental 
cornices and sheet-iron work, was born in 
the city which he yet makes his home, 
September 22, 1854, and is a son of John 
George and Lena (111) Rehmann, both of 
whom are of German descent. The latter 
is a sister of Dr. Fredolin 111, of Newark. 
The former is a native of the ortschaft of 
Kessel Brun, Baden, Germany, at which 
place he acquired his education. At the 
age of fourteen he was apprenticed to learn 
the jeweler's trade in the town of Pforz- 
heim, and after his term was ended he 
worked as a journeyman until 1848, when 
he decided to come to America to seek a 
broader field for his labors. Accordingly 
he made his preparations and crossed the 
Atlantic to New York, where he arrived 
after a long voyage of twelve weeks, hav- 
ing been greatly delayed by reason of a 
fire which occurred on board ship. After 
following various pursuits in New York 
city Mr. Rehmann came to Newark, where 
he found employment at his trade, follow- 
ing the same until 1886. 

It was in Newark, in 185 1, that John 
George Rehmann married Miss Lena 111. 
and here the following children were born 
to them : Lena, who died in early 
childhood; Louis and Louisa, twins, the 
latter having died at the age of five years; 
Julius, who died at the age of seven 
years; George, who learned the jeweler's 
trade with his father; Mary, wife of Oscar 
Lurich, of Newark, by whom she has three 
children; William, who died at the age of 
two years; Gustave, who also learned the 
jeweler's trade, and afterward entered busi- 
ness in company with his brother Louis in 

the manufacture of aluminum goods, in 
1891, being the first to manufacture alumi- 
num apparatus for the use of surgeons and 
druggists; Charles, of Newark, who mar- 
ried Henritte Werner and has one son; 
Edward, who died April 21, 1896, at the 
age of twenty-six years; and twins who 
died in infancy. The parents are people of 
the highest respectability and have many 
friends in Newark. 

Louis Rehmann acquired his early edu- 
cation under private instructors in both 
German and English, and also attended 
the common schools until fourteen years 
of age. when he began to learn the plumb- 
er's trade of Groel & Krueger, at Newark. 
On the completion of his term of appren- 
ticeship he worked as a journeyman for 
some time, and in 1871 began business on 
his own account, on Springfield avenue, 
his store and stock being small. However, 
as time passed and his trade increased he 
enlarged his facilities and soon built up an 
excellent and profitable trade. He has 
always had a remarkable aptitude for draw- 
ing and designing, and this has placed him 
in the front ranks among those who en- 
gage in the same line of business. He 
designed and executed the image that sur- 
mounts the dome of the Peddie Memorial 
church at Newark, and his services as a 
designer have been sought by many New 
York firms and by many parties through- 
out New Jersey. In 1887 he opened his 
present establishment on South Orange 
avenue, where he is extensively and suc- 
cessfully engaged in the manufacture of 
ornamental cornices and sheet-iron work 
and in sanitary plumbing. 

Mr. Rehmann was married in Newark. 
September 21, 1881, to Miss Lena Lud- 
wig, a daughter of Jacob and Lena (Rice) 





Liulwig. Unto them have been born the 
following children : Louis, who was born 
June 8, 1882. and was graduated in the 
Newark schools in 1897: Edward, born 
March 2, 1884; Arthur, who was born in 
1884 and died in 1891; Herbert, born July 
14, 1886; Norman, August 14, 1888; Viola, 
born January 26, 1892; Florence, April 26, 
1894; and Robert, born February 5, 1896. 
The family attend the High Street Pres- 
byterian church, of Newark. In his po- 
litical associations Mr. Rehmann is a Re- 
publican, and keeps well informed on the 
issues of the day, but has never sought or 
desired office. He is a member of the 
Newark German Hospital Association and 
of the Turn Verein. 


whose efforts in Ijehalf of the educational, 
moral, social and commercial interests of 
Bloomfield make his life-record an indis- 
pensable part of the history of Essex 
county, was born in the town whose inter- 
ests he advanced so largely. June 7, 181 2. 
His ancestral history was one of close con- 
nection with the progress of the county 
from its earliest epoch. In 1674 the town 
meeting "agreed that the weavers, Thomas 
Pierson and Benjamin Baldwin shall be 
considered by the surveyors to make their 
out-lots on the hill shorter." The family is 
descended from this Benjamin Baldwin 
who was "chosen to collect the money that 
is gathered by the subscription in Newark 
■for the maintenance of the ministry in the 
year 1692.'' It will thus be seen that from 
the earliest connection of the Baldwins with 
the history of this county they have been 
prominent in church work anil in sustain- 
ing all interests tending toward the public 
good. Benjamin Baldwin made his will in 

1726, and probably died soon afterward in 
the Newark settlement. Benjamin Bald- 
win. Jr.. his son, died before any division of 
his father's property had taken place, and 
his brother Joseph, in 1732, became owner 
of "the plantation at W'atsesson, where he 
now li\es,"' on the south side of the Sec- 
ond river, as far as the Old road and Harri- 
son street. David, the son of Benjamin, 
Jr., married Eunice, daughter of Daniel 
Dodd, settled on the one hundred acres of 
land on the west side of Third river, and be- 
came the founder of a numerous family. 
Shortly after the Revolution the Baldwin 
family became the most numerous of the 
early families in this part of the Newark 
colony. Jesse, the son of David, and grand- 
father of Warren S. Baldwin, was a well 
known soldier and officer in the army, held 
the rank of first ensign, then lieutenant, 
was quartermaster, and later was trans- 
ferred as quartermaster to the regular 

The father of our subject was Samuel 
Baldwin, a man of sterling worth, whose 
career was cut short by death at the early 
age of thirty-five years. The only brother 
of Warren died a year later, in 1818, and 
thus at the age of six years, he was the only 
member of the family left to the mother. 
She was in limited circumstances, and as 
the years passed he contributed to her sup- 
port from his earnings as a boy and man. 
At the age of twenty he embarked in mer- 
chandising, and his excellent business hab- 
its and honorable, straightforward methods 
were soon recognized by the public, who 
accordingly gave him a liberal patronage. 
In later years he associated with him his 
sons, under the firm name of Warren S. 
Baldwin & Sons, and their establishment 
was one of the most popular in the town. 



By close attention to business, energy, per- 
severance and sound judgment he won a 
handsome competence and ranked among 
the substantial citizens of the community. 
Mr. Baldwin took a deep interest in pub- 
lic matters as affecting the weal or woe of 
his county, and his support was generously 
given to all measures calculated to prove of 
public benefit. The cause of education 
found in him a zealous and faithful friend. 
He aided in procuring the school law of 
1849, \'^'3s treasurer of the school district 
for the long period of twenty-four years 
and had the satisfaction of seeing the school 
system and the school buildings make a de- 
cided advance. He was a lifelong memlier 
of the Presbyterian church, was made a 
member of its session, for thiriy-fi\e vears 
was a member of its board of trustees, and 
discharged the duties of secretary, treas- 
urer or president of that body for a long 
period. At his death he left a bequest of 
one thousand dollars to the church which 
he had served with such fidelity and affec- 
tion. Mr. Baldwin was also called to a 
number of civic positions of honor and 
trust. He was repeatedly a member of the 
township committee, and between the \ ears 
185 1 and 1871 was nine times an iticum- 
bent of the office of commissioner of ap- 
peals. He was a member of the board of 
chosen freeholders of the county and in 
.'856 was elected to represent his district in 
the state legislature. 

The home life of Mr. Baldwin was most 
pleasant. He was happily married Decem- 
ber 16. 1841. to Miss Elizabeth ^Vii(le, 
daughter of James Wilde, of Bloonnleld. 
and their family numbered four sons and 
three daughters. Mrs. I')aldwin also was a 
member of the Presbyterian church, shared 
with her husband in all his church and be- 

ne\olent work and was to him indeed a 
helpmeet and companion. On the 30th of 
August, 1873, Mr. Baldwin closed his eyes 
in death, and the entire community 
mourned the loss of a valued citizen and 
faithful friend, while his family mourned 
for a loving and tender husband and father. 
His life was noble, honorable, kindly and 
just, and his reputation was unassailable, 
so that he left to his sons and daughters 
not only the accumulations of a successful 
business career, but the priceless heritage 
of a good name, which is rather to be 
chosen than great riches. 


The department of Isiography is crowded 
with the lives of men distinguished in war, 
politics, science, literature and the profes- 
sions. All the embellishments of rhetoric 
and the imagination have been employed to 
captivate, stimulate and direct in these 
"upper walks of life'' the youthful mind and 
ambition of the country. The result of this 
system is manifest, and by no means for- 
tunate. The ranks of the professions are 
filled tcj overflowing. To instill into the 
minds and hearts of the young respect for 
great attainments, reverence for great vir- 
tues, and to excite to generous emulation 
by holding up, as examples for admiration 
and imitation, the lives of the wise, the 
great and good, is commendable and right. 
But the field of example should be ex- 
tended: the lessons of industry, energy, use- 
fulness. \irtue. honor, the true aims of life 
and the true sources of happiness, should 
be gathered and enforcetl from all the 
various provinces of lalior. The path of 
l.'ibor and usefulness should lie indicated as 
the highway of honor. 

One who has walked in this path and has 



■•'•■ to !>usiness. energy, per- 

'iind iiidgnient Re won a 

.fence and ranked among 

. stizens of the community. 

Mr. liaUhsin look a deep interest in pub- 

iii: matters as affecting the 
his county, and his suppoi' 
given to all mea- : ' 

public benefit. 


fuu'K' ■ ■ ;fu! friend. 

''■' 'ol law of 

-ici -Ji ihe schctol district 
iod of twenty-four \ears 
tnction of seeing the school 
chool building.^make a dc- 
e. He was a lifelong member 
I'jyterian church, was made a 
its session, for thirty-five years 
,l<er of its board of trustees, and 
fhe duties of secretary, treas- 
on 'ji <ji jjiesident of that body for a long- 
period. At his death he left a bequest of 
<jiie thousand dollars to the church which 
he had serve-l w t!i such fidelity and affec- 
>'<>n. Mr. as also called to a 

"1 il,er of ■. , ..ions of honor and 

He was repeatedly a member of the 

■ ■ ■" '"d between the years 

I'.e times an incum- 
■ "mmissioner of ap- 
i l>er of the board of 
'he county and in 
-cent his district in. 

Iwin was most 

larried Decem- 

:;:abeth Wilde, 

.if Bloomfield, 

iiHiMirt ii four sons and 

Mrs. Baldwin also was a 

■erian church, shared 

'. his church and be- 

ne\olent work and was to him indeed a 
helpmeet and companion. On the 30th of 
August, 1873, Mr. Baldwin closed his eyes 
in death, and the entire community 
mourned the loss of a valued citizen and 
faithful friend, while his family mourned 
1 a loving and tender husband and father. 
His life was noble, honorable, kindly and 
just, and his reputation was unassailable, 
so that he left to his sons and daughters 
not only the accumulations of a successful 
business career, but the priceless heritage 
of a good name, w hich is rather to be 
chosen than great riches. 


The <lepartment of biography is crowded 
with tlie lives of men distinguished in war, 
politics, science, literature and the profes- 
sions. -All the embellishments of rhetoric 
and tb.e imagination have been employed to 
captivate, i^timulate and direct in these 
"upper walks of life" the youthful mind and 
ambition of the country. The result of this 
system is manifest, and by no means for- 
tunate. The ranks of the professions are 
filled to overflowing. To instill into the 
minds and hearts of the young respect for 
great attainments, reverence for great vir- 
tues, and to e.xcite to generous emulation 
by holding up, as examples for admiration 
and imitation, the lives of the wise, the 
great and good, is commendable and right. 
But the field of example should be ex- 
tended : the lessons of industry, energy, use- 
fulness, virtue, honor, the true aims of life 
and the true sources of happiness, should 
be gathered and enforced from all the 
various provinces of labor. The path of 
labor and usefulness should be indicated as 
the highway of honor. 

One who has walked in this oath and has 




aclnieved distinction in tlie workl of com- 
merce and gained the highest regard of his 
fellow men is Mr. Baldwin, whose name 
introduces this review. He was born in 
IJloomfiekl. New Jersey, Feljruary i6, 
1 85 1, and is a son of Warren S. and Eliza- 
beth (Wilde) Baldwin. He was reared in 
his native town and attended the public 
schools. ])ursuing his studies in the school 
conducted by Professor Charles M. Davis, 
a noted educator. On leaving that institu- 
tion he entered Princeton College, of Xew 
Jersey, as a memljer of the sophomore class, 
and was graduated in 1872. Immediately 
afterward he entered upon his business 
career, embarking in merchandising in con- 
nection with his two brothers. James \\'. 
and Etlward \\'.. under the firm name of 
J. W. Baldwin & Brothers, dealers in gen- 
eral merchandise. This partnership has 
since been maintained, and the store, lo- 
cated at Xo. 438 Broad street, is stocked 
with a large line of goods, which indicates 
the extensive trade which they have built 
up. Their business methods commend 
them to the public patronage, and their 
earnest desire to please their customers, 
combined with their honorable dealings, 
has brought them a large and ))rofitable 

Our sul)ject has not confined his atten- 
tion alone to merchandising, and his abil- 
ity is such as to enable him to conduct suc- 
cessfully more than one enterprise. In i88g 
he was instrumental in establishing the 
First National Bank of Bloomfield. of 
which he is now vice-president, while 
Thomas Oakes is filling the office of ])resi- 
dent. This bank is considered one of the 
reliable financial concerns of Esse.x coimtv. 
and has been of material benefit to the com- 
nnmii\- as well as to the stockholders. 

In his pohtical views Mr. Baldwin is a 
Republican, and has been a member of the 
board of education since 1880. filling the 
office of district clerk, and taking great in- 
terest in the cause of the schools, laboring 
earnestly for their advancement. He also 
served for three years as chairman of the 
township committee. He holds a member- 
ship in the First Presbyterian church and 
for a number of years has served as trustee 
and ruling elder. His life is one of unques- 
tioned integrity, of fidelity to duty and of 
sterling worth, and he has a host of warm 
friends throughout the community. 


a milk dealer of Franklin, and one of Es^ex 
county's native sons, belongs to a fannly 
whose ancestral connection with Caldwell 
township covers a period of two and a half 
centuries. The first of the name to locate 
here was David Harrison, who removed 
from Orange in 1740. Flis father. Joseph 
Harrison, was a native of England, and, 
emigrating to America, took up his resi- 
dence in Connecticut about 1660. Jabez 
Harrison, a son of David, was l)orn in Cald- 
well, as was his son, Caleb D., the grand- 
father of our subject. Jabez M. Harrison, 
the father of our subject, also claimed CaUl- 
well township as the place of his nativity. 
At an early age he went to California, 
where he died in 1851. He was married in 
1844 to Harriet Courter. a daughter of 
Elias S. Courter, and she long survived her 
husband, passing away in 1897. She had 
four children: Justina, who became the 
wife of Henry F. Packers, of Caldwell. New 
Jersey; C. A., of this review: Phoebe M. 
and Harriet H. 

Mr. Harrison, whose name begins this 



sketch, has spent his entire Hfe in Essex 
county, and is regarded as one of its relia- 
l)le, trustworthy l)usiness men. He ac- 
quired his education in the schools of West 
Caldwell, and at an early age entered u])on 
his business career as a farmer, following 
agricultural pursuits until he embarked in 
the dairy business. He has met with Hal- 
tering success in this undertaking and now 
enjoys a large and profitable business. He 
is an excellent judge of cattle and keeps a 
fine grade for dairy purposes. To their care 
he gives his personal supervision, and his 
capable management and excellent business 
ability have brought him good financial re- 

Mr. Harrison was married in December. 
1866, to Miss Eliza Van Ness, a daughter 
of Cornelius Van Ness, and they have one 
child, J. Monroe. 


was born in New London township, Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, December 22, 
1852, a son of John and Martha (Arm- 
strong) Huston. On both the paternal 
and maternal sides he is of Scotch-Irish 
lineage. The great-grandfather, John 
Huston, was the founder of the family in 
America, and on coming to the New 
World located on a farm in Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, which is now occupied by 
the father of our subject. He followed 
agricultural pursuits throughout his life 
and continued his residence on the old fam- 
ily homestead until called to his final rest. 
The grandfather of our subject, also named 
John Huston, was born on the homestead 
farm in New London township, Chester 
county and spent his entire life in that 
neighborhood, where he was accounted a 
progressive and prosperous farmer. He 

had six children, only two of whom, John 
and Phoebe, widow of William Rankin, are 
living. A son, James, was killed by being 
thrown from a wagon, and another son, 
William, died in 1877. 

John Huston, father of him whose name 
begins this review, was born on the home 
farm in Chester county, April 28, 1816, 
spent the days of his boyhood and youth 
there and makes it his place of residence 
in his old age. He engaged in the tilling 
of the soil for many years and was an en- 
terprising, wide-awake farmer, but is now 
living retired, enjoying the rest which he 
has richly earned. He married Martha 
Armstrong, a representati\e of one of the 
early families of Cecil county, Maryland, 
where some of the name still reside. She 
was born in that count)- in 1818, was 
reared to womanhood there, and in the 
home of her parents, in February, 1841, 
gave her hand in marriage to John Hus- 
ton. After spending a few months in Bal- 
timore county, Mar_\-land, they removed to 
Chester comity, Pennsyhania. They be- 
came the iKirents of ele\en children: John 
N., who resides in \Vestchester, Pennsyl- 
\'ania: William, who died at the age of four 
years; William .S., who is living near Gib- 
son city, Illinois: James L. M., who is en- 
gaged in the operation of the homestead 
farm; Walter .\.: ^Marshall, of Philadelphia; 
Enuna. wife of Thomas Smedley, of Phila- 
delphia: Eliza, wife of J. S. Moore, of the 
same city; Amanda, wife of George Magee, 
of Philadelphia; Phoebe R., at home; and 
Amelia, a teacher in the public schools of 
Philadelphia. The mother of our subject 
died on the 29th of July, 1893. ^"^ ^^^s laid 
to rest in the Presbyterian cemetery in 
New London, Chester county, where sleep 
so many of the Huston dead. 



Walter A. Huston spent his boyhood 
clays in the ancestral home, attending the 
common schools in the winter season, 
while through the remainder of the year 
he assisted in the labors incident to the cul- 
tivation of the farm. At the age of six- 
teen he left the parental roof and went to 
Cecil county, Maryland, where he learned 
the miller's trade, following that occupa- 
tion for twelve years in Maryland and 
Pennsylvania. On the expiration of that 
period he entered the car-shops in Phila- 
delphia, where he was employed for one 
year, and in 1882 began work as an elec- 
trician in the Brush electric-light station of 
Philadelphia, where he continued for two 
years. During 1884 and 1885 he traveled 
for the McTighe Electric Company, of 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and through the 
three successive years was in the employ of 
the Thompson-Houston Electric Com- 
pany. Since August, 1888, he has efificient- 
ly filled the position of superintendent of 
the Essex County Electric Company, at 
Orange. His thorough, comprehensive 
and accurate understanding of the business 
in all its departments makes him especially 
capable in this incumbency, and he well 
merits the confidence and regard which the 
company entertain for him. 

Mr. Huston was married in Westchester, 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, October 17, 
1877, to Elizabeth C. Davis, who was born 
near Dubuque, Iowa, and is a daughter of 
Thomas R. and Henrietta Davis. They 
have four children; Helen D., born Decem- 
ber 26, 1878: Ethel A., born August 3, 
1880; Llewellyn, who died at the age of 
eight months; and Henrietta L., born in 
January, 1883. The family attend the Hill- 
side Presbyterian church, and in his politi- 
cal views Mr. Huston is a Republican. 


freeholder and farmer of Caldwell town- 
ship, was born on the farm which is now his 
home, December 20. 1861. The \'an Xess 
family, as the name indicates, had its origin 
in HolJand, but the grandfather, Isaac, and 
the father, \\'illiam I. \'an X'ess, were lioth 
born in the locality which is uaw the i)lace 
of abode of the subject of this re\icw. Tlie 
latter was a farmer by occupation and his 
capable management of his business inter- 
ests made him \-ery successful in his chosen 
calling. In 1854 he removed to Ohio, but 
in 1859 returned to Xew Jersey, where he 
continued to reside until his life's labors 
were endetl in death, in 1872. A devoted 
Christian man, he long held membership in 
the Methodist E])iscopal church and for 
man_\- years served as steward. ]\Irs. \'an 
Xess, who is still li\ing at the age of si.xty- 
seven years. bore the maiden name of INIaria 
Stager, and is a daughter of Thomas Sta- 
ger, of Caldwell township. In the family 
were fi\e children: Joseph, of Ohio; Jud- 
son S.; Arminda, wife of M. L. Henyon, of 
Caldwell; Grace, wife of A. M. Spear; and 

In the country schools near his home Mr. 
\'an Xess acquired his preliminary educa- 
tion, and at an early age removed to Ohio, 
where he engaged in shipping produce and 
live stock. In 1890 he returned to Essex 
county, where he has since carried on agri- 
cultural pursuits. He is the owner of two 
good farms of one hundred acres each, and 
his land is under a high state of cultivation, 
the well tilled fields with their waving grain 
giving evidence of his careful supervision. 
He also deals in hay, and adds considerably 
to his income through that channel. He is 
a wide-awake and active voung business 



man whose labors have resuhed in Iiringing 
to him a very desirable competence. 

On the 5th of June, 1884, was celebrated 
the marriage of Mr. Van Xess and Miss 
Evelena, daughter of Stephen Lusk. They 
now have an interesting family of six chil- 
dren, namely: Celina, Alice, Lowell, Earl, 
Willie and Ethel. The parents hold mem- 
bership in the Methodist Episcopal church, 
taking a very acti\-e ]5art in its work, and 
Mr. \ an Xess is now serving as steward 
and as superintendent in the Sunday school. 
In his political views he is a Democrat, and 
has been honored by election to se\eral 
local offices. He has served as town com- 
mitteeman for five years, has been a mem- 
l)er of the school board for three years, and 
in 1897 was elected to the position of free- 
holder. He is loyally devoted to the l)est 
interests of the county and manifests this 
by his faithful performance of every dut}- 
entrusted to his care. 


artist, inventor and agriculturist, and a 
member of the noted Durand family, of 
whom a sketch is included within this com- 
jjilation, was born at the corner of Broad- 
way and Canal streets, New York, on the 
12th of December, 1824, and is a son of 
Cyrus Durand, the celebrated bank-note 
engraver of New York city and father of 
the bank-note engraving art in this coun- 
try. Tiie mother of our subject was Mrs. 
I'hebe (Wade) Durand, a native of Spring- 
field, New Jersey. 

Mr. Durand received a fair literary edu- 
cation in the private schools of New York 
city and at boarding school in Mendham, 
New Jersey, completing that branch of 
studv at the okl academv. which was lo- 

cated where the custom-house now stands, 
in Newark. At the age of fifteen he was 
taken to New York city to learn the busi- 
ness of bank-note engraving with his fa- 
ther, but during a period of depression he 
was persuaded to try watch-case and jewel- 
ry engraving, with Taylor, Baldwin & 
Company, of Newark, then the most prom- 
inent concern of its kind in the country. 
Feeling the restraint incident to close appli- 
cation, and becoming dissatisfied with the 
conditions imposed, he concluded, being 
under no oblieation to remain, to return 
to New York city and perfect himself in 
the art under the preceptorship of John T. 
\\'hite, at that time the most celebrated 
engra\'er in his line. Remaining with him 
about two years, in which time he became 
a master in the art, JNIr. Durand decided to 
purchase and pursue the business of his 
employer and former instructor, continu- 
ing in the same with a force of several 
journeymen and apprentices. Finding the 
spasmodic periods of depression incident 
to the business so discouraging in their re- 
sidts and, so continually recurring, he con- 
cluded til tr\ wood engraving, as not only 
more desirable from a business standpoint, 
but also affording a higher and more ex- 
tensive range of art, receiving all necessary 
instruction under the guidance of J. A. 
Adams, who was then engaged with Har- 
l)er Brothers and about to issue his pic- 
torial Bible. Aided by his previous ex- 
perience, Mr. Durand soon became most 
proficient in this line and continued in it 
for a time most successfully. 

When ;i])()ut twenty-two years old our 
subject moved to Irvington and there re- 
sided while engaged in business in New 
York, where, assisted by his father, he in- 
vented and perfected a machine for the 




purpose of engraving the skies and tints 
upon wood. This proved a great suc- 
cess, and he patented and disposed of the 
same to considerable monetary advantage. 
At the age of twentv-five he decided to 
turn his attention to a higher branch of art, 
— that of portrait and landscape painting, — 
but finding the study of landscapes the 
more attractive lie soon after abandoned 
portraits, and in company with his uncle, 
the world renowned A. B. Durand, pro- 
ceeded at once to study from nature. Be- 
ing already well fortified by an extensive 
and varied experience in industrial art, he 
made rapid progress, but the necessary 
confinement and close application imposed 
upon him caused a complete prostration of 
the nerve forces and he was subsequently 
obliged to relinquish for a time his arduous 
labors in that direction. 

Upon taking up the life of a landscape 
painter ]\Ir. Durand removed to Newark, 
Essex county, but later changed his resi- 
dence to Greenville, on Bergen Neck, 
whence he journeyed daily to his studio in 
New York. Finding it impossible to con- 
tinue he again returned to Irxington, his 
present residence, where, with opportunity 
for more vigorous exercise, in the way of 
gunning and fishing, which afforded partial 
relief from d\speptic troubles, he pursued 
his art until a recurrence of ill health 
warned him that entire life out of doors 
was a positive necessity. Reluctantly the 
brush and palette were laid aside, awaiting 
renewed and established health or their 
abandonment forever. 

Finding that out-door existence was im- 
perative, our subject began the erection of 
ice-houses upon his place, and then, having 
more leisure time than he desired, and be- 
ing of an inventive and experimental turn 

of mind and also a fair mechanic, he called 
to his aid the tools and machinery of his 
father, and proceeded to make guns and 
pistols for his own use, meeting with a 
high order of success in that pastime. He 
still retains some of the products of his la- 
bors. His love for landscape painting 
would force him to the easel, but every ef- 
fort in that direction insured a return of 
his old troubles, and he decided upon a 
more active life. In 1857 he became ac- 
quainted with Seth Boyden, who at the 
time was experimenting successfully with 
the strawberry, and becoming interested, 
he also began a series of experiments to 
satisfy himself as to the peculiar eft'ects in 
the way of originating, soon becoming in- 
volved in all the perplexities that thorough 
investigation must invariably provoke. At 
times he would determine to abandon the 
whole work, but hesitating to lose the re- 
sults of so many years of intense labor, he 
has continued in a more moderate way, the 
whole matter becoming clearer and more 
plain by the establishment of certain prin- 
ciples which an extensive experimental 
course only can confirm. In the produc- 
tion of the strawberry Air. Durand has ex- 
cited the wonder and admiration of the 
whole country by the extent antl value of 
his productions, and, as being deeply in- 
terested in agricultural pursuits, and es- 
pecially in the improvement of all fruits, 
the public must now, as well as in the fu- 
ture, be greatly indebted to him for his ef- 
forts in that direction. 

For a period of twenty years the brush 
and pencil, the colors and palette, had been 
laid aside, to be again taken up, in 1882, 
with the same old love renewed with re- 
turning health, coupled with caution and 
care for its continuance. Being spare and 



light in biiild and active in habit, he still 
retains the vigor of boyhood, and as an 
ardent student of nature he is already as 
well known in art as in agriculture. 

The marriage of Mr. Durand was sol- 
emnized in 1846, when he became united to 
Miss Emma Averill, daughter of Lyman S. 
Averill, a merchant of Irvington, and the 
following-named children were born to 
them : Elena A., deceased, became the 
wife of George Cross; Louise died in in- 
fancy; Wilson W., is connected with a 
banking establishment in New York; 
Frank died at the age of twenty-four years; 
and Harry died in infancy. Mrs. Durand 
departed this life in February, 1897, about 
two months after the fiftieth anniversary of 
her marriage, which occurred on the 12th 
of December. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Durand . 
has been an adherent of the Republican 
party, and for nine years held the ofiices of 
president and trustee of Irvington. and for 
several years was a member of the board of 
chosen freeholders from Irvington. 


As a representative of one of the pioneer 
families of New Jersey and one that has 
figured prominently in the industrial life of 
the commonwealth, there is particular pro- 
priety in according recognition to Mr. Den- 
man in this compilation, even were his per- 
sonal prestige and his honorable accom- 
plishment less pronounced than thev are. 

A native son of the city of Xewark. 
Abram C. Denman was horn on the i(Sth 
of January, 1853, the son of Isaac M. and 
Mary ( Ransley) Denman. Isaac Marsh 
Denman was born in that division of West- 
field, Xew Jersey, which is known as the 

Denman Farm, an appellation applied by 
reason of the fact that the farm had been in 
the possession of the family from the time 
when it was accpiired from the Indians. 
He was born on the 7th of March, 1822, 
the second in order of birth of the four 
sons and two daughters of John and Lock- 
ey (Marsh) Denman. whose ancestors were 
among those who came from Great Britain 
prior to 1635 and settled in Xew England. 
The education received by young Denman 
was such as was afforded at the Road 
schoolhouse, a primitive institution whose 
advantages were meager in extent. Early 
in life he was obliged to earn his own liveli- 
hood, and having no inclination for farm- 
ing, he chose a trade — that of carriage 
manufacturing — I)eing given excellent 
])rivileges by his uncle. Ralph Marsh, who 
was then engaged in this line of enterprise 
at Railway, Xew Jersey. His ambition, 
fidelity and business aptitude soon won for 
him a clerkship in the firm's repository at 
Xew Orleans, Louisiana, where he made 
himself so valuable that he w as admitted to 
partnership, and within a few years he pur- 
chased the interest of the other members 
of the firm. While the business was al- 
rcadv extensive and prosperous. Mr. Den- 
man enlarged it materially, making it the 
most important of the sort in the south. 
The manufacturing department was nomi- 
nally in the south, but Mr. Denman caused 
nuich of his work to be done in Xewark. 
Thus his time was necessarily divided be- 
tween Xewark and Xew Orleans, but the 
former was his home, antl there his family 
resided. He was prominent among the 
business men of Xewark and active in any- 
thing that conserved the city's welfare. In 
Xew Orleans he was equally i)rominent, 
and, after his retirement from active busi- 



ness, in 1856. he was made president of the 
Merchants" Bank, which position he held 
at liis death. Arduous toil in the conduct 
of his business, together with the undue 
strain upon his overtaxed system during 
the ci\il war, hastened his death, which 
occurreil Xc)\emher25, iSCtd. at which time 
he was but forty-five years of age. 

Mr. Denman was known as a man of 
highest principles and most unswerving in- 
legritv of character in all the affairs of life, 
and in a farewell letter to his sons, upon the 
approach of death, he told them that he 
"never knowingly wronged a person." 
His generosity was unbounded and the 
needy never called upon him in vain. Such 
a life implies the richest heritage to those 
who are granted its benefice. He married 
Mary Ransley, the adopted daughter of her 
uncle. Abram Cross, of Newark. He was 
survived by his widow and three sons. Isaac. 
Abram C. and Frederick. 

Abram Cross Denman, the immediate 
subject of this sketch, is recognized as one 
of the representative men of Newark, and 
has been intimately identified with munici- 
pal affairs, being at the present time a mem- 
ber of the board of aldermen, representing 
the eleventh ward. He received his pre- 
liminary educational training in the New- 
ark Academy, supplementing this by study 
in private schools and finally entering Rut- 
gers College as a member of the class of 
1871. By reason of iinpaired health he 
was compelled to leave college before the 
completion of his course. In 1872 he se- 
cured a position with Brewster & Com- 
pany, the extensive carriage manufacturers 
of New York city, being retained in a cleri- 
cal capacity, his intention being to learn the 
business in which his father had attained 
so pronounced success. After a year. 

however, he became dissatisfied with the 
outlook in this line of enterprise and ac- 
cordingly resigned his position, after which 
he engaged in the special storage and 
lighterage business in New York, continu- 
ing operations in this line four years. 

In 1889 he associated himself with John 
Illingworth & Company, manufacturers of 
bar steel, at Harrison, New Jersey, becom- 
ing secretary of the company. In i8qi 
this company was consolidated with Benja- 
min Atha & Company, antl the new con- 
cern was incorporated as the Benjamin 
Atha & Illingworth Company, with head- 
quarters at Harrison and Newark. Mr. 
Denman being retained in the capacity of 
secretary. .-\t the present time he has 
charge of the company's agency in New 
York city. In 1890 Mr. Denman became 
• as.sociated with the Newark Electric Light 
& Power Company, as a member of its di- 
rectorate, and was soon thereafter chosen 
its secretary, serving as svich until 1896, 
when the corporation was merged into the 
People's Light & Power Company, of 
which he is a director and chairman of the 
auditing committee. He is also a director 
of the Newark Fire Insurance Company, 
with which he has l)een identified for a 
number of years. 

yir. Denman has not only thus been ac- 
ti\e in connection with the industrial enter- 
])rises which conserve the city's stable pros- 
])erity, but he has also maintained a lively 
interest in affairs of a public nature, and 
has been called upon to serve in positions 
of trust and responsibility. In October, 
1880, he was elected a member of the New- 
ark board of education, l)eing the only suc- 
cessful candidate on his ticket that year, 
and having the distinction of being the 
\oungest member of the board. In 1883 



Mayor Lang conferred upon him the ap- 
pointment as a member of the board of 
assessment and revision of taxes, but the 
law governing the matter of appointment 
was declared by the courts to be unconsti- 
tutional, and he retained his position only 
three months. In 1883 he was elected a 
member of the board of aldermen from the 
Fourth ward, representing that ward until 
1886. In 1896 he was chosen a member 
of the board from the eleventh ward, and 
that year was a member of the finance and 
public-buildings committees. He. in 1897, 
was made chairman of the finance commit- 
tee, chairman of the committee on legisla- 
tion and a member of the committee on 
public buildings. . He is the recognized 
leader of the Democratic wing of the board, 
and his efforts have been potent in insuring 
a wise administration of the municipal gov- 
ernment. He is known as a man of un- 
swerving integrity of purpose and of dis- 
tinguished business ability, and his person- 
ality has been such as to gain and retain to 
him the respect and confidence of those 
with whom he comes in contact. 

On the 17th of June, 1874. Mr. Denman 
was united in marriage to ^liss Sarah H. 
Littell, of Newark. Her father, the late 
William M. Littell, was a well known car- 
riage manufacturer of Newark. Mr. and 
Mrs. Denman are the parents of two chil- 
dren, Abram Cross, Jr., and Emma Halse} . 


is the manager of the firm of Roller & Com- 
pany, manufacturers of artistic and plain 
iron work, of Newark. It is ever of interest 
to examine into the life of a self-made man 
and ascertain by careful analysis the quali- 
ties that have enabled him to secure suc- 

cess when others have failed; and such an 
examination always shows that indtistry, 
great care and precision and strong deter- 
mination are the salient features in his pros- 
perity. The life record of Mr. Roller is an- 
other proof of this, and much interest at- 
taches to his history on account of what he 
has accomplished in the face of many dif- 

Mr. Roller was born in the town of Bo- 
denwoehr, in the county of Neuburg Von- 
wald, Bavaria, Germany, September 13, 
1859, and is a son of Joseph and Carolina 
(Schuster) Roller. His paternal grandpar- 
ents were George and Agnes Roller. His 
father, George Roller, was an iron-molder 
and followed that pursuit as a life occupa- 
tion. The grandfather, who reared a family 
of four sons and four daughters, died at 
the age of seventy-one years. His children 
were as follows: Frederick, who married 
and resided in his native town, where he 
reared a large family; William, who is mar- 
ried and lives in his native country in the 
town of Reagensburg; Sebastian, who died 
in that town, leaving a wife and five chil- 
dren; Joseph, the father of our subject; and 
four daughters, who all married and spent 
their lives in the land of their birth. 

Joseph Roller acquired a common-school 
education in Bavaria, and then learned the 
trade of iron-molder with his father, fol- 
lowing that pursuit throughout his entire 
business career. He was noted for his thrift 
and perseverance and was a complete mas- 
ter of his trade. He died March i, 1884, at 
the age of sixty years, and his estimable 
wife was called to the home beyond this life 
November 20, 1883, at the age of fifty-nine 
years. Both were communicants of the 
Catholic church. They had ten children : 
Annie, who married and made her home in 




Germany until her death in October, 1882; 
Joseph, also of the fatherland, who married 
and has four sons; Fanny, wife of John 
Forster, of Germany, by whom she has one 
son ; Knni, wife of Leopold Weinmyer, a 
resident of Germany, by whom she has one 
son and one daughter; John, of this review; 
Lena, who came to America and married 
Joseph Hofstetter and has two daughters; 
Hugo, who married Louisa Wilhelm and 
has one son; Mamie, wife of a Mr. Young, 
of Germany, andthe mother of one daugh- 
ter; Louis, who came to America, is mar- 
ried and has one son; and Charles, who 
came to this country and married Louisa . 
Krickbaum, by whom he has one daughter, 
Mary Rose. 

John Roller spent the days of his boy- 
hood and youth in the land of his nativity 
and is indebted to its public-school system 
for the educational privileges which he en- 
joyed. After completing his literary train- 
ing he learned the trade of an artistic iron- 
worker, serving a three-years apprentice- 
ship, and on its completion he worked as a 
journeyman in various towns in his native 
land. Believing, however, that success 
could be more rapidly reached in the new 
world, he decided to come to the United 
States, and on the loth of September. 1884, 
boarded a westward bound steamer that 
dropped anchor in the harbor of New York 
on the 25th of that month. He first secured 
employment with Mr. Conover. in whose 
service he remained for seven years. A man 
of good judgment and thorough industry 
and perseverance, he progressed very 
rapidly and finally was enabled to embark in 
business on his own account, being instru- 
mental in incorporating the Roller & Rrool 
Iron Works Company, of which he is now 
the manager. This is one of the leading en- 

terprises of the city, and the excellence of 
the work turned out by the firm has secured 
them a large and constantly increasing pat- 

]\Ir. Roller was married in the town of 
Reagensberg. Germany, March 16, 1882, to 
i\Iiss Anna Gruber, a daughter of August 
Gruber. and this union was blessed with 
four children, all of whom are living; Lena; 
Ella and Fredda, twins, and George. The 
parents are members of St. Augustine's 
church, Roman Catholic, and Mr. Roller is 
a member in good standing of the Im- 
proved Order of Heptasophs. Politically 
he is a Republican. His life has been well 
spent and his activity and enterprise ha\'e 
resulted in a comfortable competence, 
which is a fitting crown for his earnest 


is the senior member of the firm of J. L. 
Rridel & Son, hat manufacturers, repre- 
senting an industry which more than any 
other has contributed to the upbuilding, 
growth, progress and material improvement 
of Newark. His business career is an il- 
lustration of genius, enterprise and expedi- 
ents ceaselessly working, amidst the com- 
mon difticulties and obstacles of life, for the 
successful accomplishment of splendid re- 
sults. Like so many other representative 
men of Newark, he is indebted solely to 
himself for the success he has achieved, hav- 
ing mastered the problems of business and 
acquired a handsome competence as the 
result of his labors. 

Mr. Rridel was born January 8. 1845. '" 
Cracow, an old city founded about 700 A. 
D.. and now under the Austrian federation 
of states. His parents were Isaac and Sel- 



ma L. (Seiskin) Kridel, both of whom were 
also natives of Cracow. His grandfather 
was Jacob Kridel, who in Cracow learned 
the hatter's trade, following it as a life work. 
He was a just and conscientious man and 
lived to be eighty-seven years of age, while 
his wife passed away at the age of seventy- 
eight. They had five sons and two daugh- 
ters, including Abraham, Jacob, Samuel 
and Isaac. 

The last named, the father of our sub- 
ject, received but limited educational priv- 
ileges, and in early life learned the hatter's 
trade, under the supervision of his father. 
In 1861 he and his son Jacob L. decided 
to come to America, hoping to secure bet- 
teradvantages in theline of their trade here, 
and accordingly they left home, sailing in 
September for the New World. After a 
long and tedious voyage of ninety-three 
(lays, they landed at New York, on the 
4th of March, 1862, and taking up their res- 
idence in Orange, New Jersey, entered the 
employ of John Matthews. The father 
worked as a journeyman for about twenty 
years, and died in Newark, August 5, 1894, 
at the age of eighty-four years, while his 
wife passed away at the age of sixty-three 
years. In 1863 Mr. Kridel had sent for his 
wife and family of six children to join him 
in his new home, and in June of that year 
they landed at New York. A home was 
established in Newark, where Mrs. Kridel 
opened a millinery store, at No. 665 Broad 
street, and carried on a successful business 
until her death. 

This worthy couple were the parents of 
the following children: Abraham J., of 
Newark, who was married in his native ciiy 
of Cracow and has a family of three sons 
and four daughters; Jacob L.. of this re- 
view; Gussie. who became the wife of .^bra- 

ham Graber, of Newark, and had six chil- 
dren, one of whom, Samuel, died in 1896, 
at the age of twenty-two years; Rachel, who 
died in Newark, at the age of twenty-three; 
Samuel, who also died in Newark, at the 
age of thirty-two years; Annie, who became 
the wife of Adolph Seiskind; John, who died 
in Newark, at the age of twenty-eight; and 
.Sarah, who married Nathan Feathergreen. 
of Brooklyn, and has four sons and three 

In taking up the personal history of 
Jacob L. Kridel we present to our readers 
the life record of one who is well and favor- 
ably known in business circles in Newark. 
He acquired his education in the schools of 
Cracow, and under his father's direction 
learned the hatter's trade. He came to this 
country with his father as before stated, 
and continued to work as a journeyman 
until 1888. when he began business on his 
own account, at his present location, at No. 
59 Beacon street, and No. 64 Jones street, 
Newark. He purchased this property in 
1887 and has since made many improve- 
ments, fitting up the factory with every de- 
vice that enables him to turn out first-class 
work. He employs more than sixty opera- 
tives and manufactures a high grade of 
goods whose excellence of workmanship 
brings a ready sale on the market. The 
enterprise has been one of the constantly 
growing industries of the city, and New- 
ark's prosperity is due to such interests. 

Mr. Kridel was married in Newark. De- 
cember 8. 1866, to Miss Fanny Mercy, a 
daughter of Elias F. and Nache (Schnurer) 
Mercy, and to them have been born eight 
children: Susie, born December 8, 1867, 
who is the wife of Jacob I. Munzky, and 
they have three children, — Goldie, Erma 
and Helen; George Lorn, born March 28, 



1869; Gussie, who died May 12, 1895; Ber- 
tha, now the wife of Burlett Green, of Lib- 
erty. New York, by whom she has one son; 
Kacliel. ]\Ioses. Harry and Leah. 

In his political views Mr. Kridel is a Re- 
publican, and although of foreign birth is a 
loyal American citizen, true to the institu- 
tions of his adopted land, whose privileges 
he greatly values, especially admiring its 
spirit of liberty. He takes a deep interest 
in all movements calculated to improve and 
benefit the conuiiunity and has given his 
co-operation and substantial support to 
various enterprises for the public good. 


one of the well known contractors and 
i)uilders of Newark and a prominent mem- 
ber of the board of aldermen, representing 
the sixth ward, is a native of Ireland, born 
in county Mayo on November i. i8fi4. 
Coming to the L'nited States in i87<>. lie 
located in Newark and here learned the 
trade of mason with the tirni of Riker & 
Pool, remaining with them until 1886; then 
was employed by James Morton until 1887. 
when he decided to start in business for 
himself, and such was his diligence, perse 
verance. and earnest endeavor that in a 
short time he had gained an envialjle repu- 
tation for capability and excellence in work 
whicli resulted in securing to him a large 
number of contracts, among which may be 
mentioned the following: The Church of 
r)ur Lady Help of Christians in East 
Orange, which is a marble edifice and one 
of the finest in the state, costing the sum 
of two hundred thousand dollars: chapel 
of the Sisters of Notre Dame, at Fort Lee. 
New Jersey, costing nearly forty-five thou- 
sand dollars; Catholic Protectory, in Arling- 

ton, seventy-live thousand dollars: lodge at 
Fairmount cemetery; Warren street public 
school; chapel for Little Sisters of the 
Poor, Newark, costing thirty thousand dol- 
lars: warehouse for Martin Burnes, Mul- 
berry street; leather factory for Zeigle, Is- 
mon & Company, Frelinghuysen avenue 
and Pioneer street; factory for the 
Thatcher Furnace Company, on Francis 
street; factory for Henry Lang & Com- 
pany, Boyd street; a magnificent residence 
for Samuel Kalisli. (jn Broad street, and 
many others. Mr. Waldron's success in 
this line of enterprise is entirely the result 
of his personal efforts, and well does he 
merit the ])rosperity that, this early in life, 
has come to him. 

The political career of Mr. Waldron was 
inaugurated when he attained the age of 
twenty-one, his active work being per- 
formed during the presidential campaign 
when Mr. Cleveland was first elected to 
office. In 1896 Mr. Waldron was elected a 
member of the board of aldermen, serving 
on the market and fire committees, and tlis- 
tinguished himself on the occasion when 
the market c|uestion became an important 
issue, enrolling himself on the side of the 
mavor. In 1897 he was a member of the 
committees on finance, public l)uildings 
and fire, being chairman of the latter com- 
mittee, w hich is one of the most important 
in the body, on account of the recently 
passed building ordinance. He takes a 
keen interest in all affairs of a public nature, 
giving to his official work a high order of 
mentality, and ever using his intluence to 
further those projects which have for their 
aim the advancement and well being of the 

In touching upon his social relations, it 
mav be stated that Mr. Waldron is state 


ESSEX <(>r XT). 

president of the Ancient Order of Hiiier- 
nians, of New Jersey, and he is a prominent 
and useful member of St. Patrick's Alli- 
ance, the Catholic Knights of Columbus. 
Newark City Council of Royal Canumean, 
the Jefferson Club, and the West End Clul), 
in all of which he takes an active interest. 
In his religious faith he is a consistent ad- 
herent of St. Joseph's church. Catholic. 

The marriage of Mr. W'aldron was sol- 
emnized on the Oth of December, 189J, 
when he was united to Miss Margaret E. 
Moran. daughter of James Moran, a well 
known builder and pioneer citizen of New- 
ark. Three children — Helen R.. May and 
William T. — have come to bless the home 
of Mr. and Mrs. \\'aldron. 

The parents of our subject ne\er came to 
America, but remained in Ireland. Two 
brothers, however, — Samuel P.. and An- 
thony. — have sought their fcjrtiuies in the 
"land of the free'' and are in business with 
Edward M. 


The venerable and distinguished gentle- 
man whose name we are pleased to place 
at the head of this article, was born in New- 
ark, New Jersey. October 16, 1806. and is 
descended from ancestors noted for their 
sterling worth and their patriotism, some 
members of the family having figured in 
the Revolutionary war. 

Dr. Pennington had excellent educa- 
tional advantages. A graduate of Newark 
Academy, he entered Princeton College in 
1823. and received therefrom, in 1825, the 
degree of A. B., and in 1828 that of A. M. 
In the latter year he commenced the study 
of medicine in the office of his maternal 
uncle, Dr. Samuel Hayes, and subsequentlv 

attended lectures under the Rutgers medi- 
cal faculty, of Geneva College, among the 
names of whom we find those of the dis- 
tinguished Dr. David Hosack, Dr. Valen- 
tine Mott. Dr. John Griscom and Dr. John 
W. Francis. In 1829 our subject received 
the degree of M. D., and soon after began 
practice with his uncle at Newark, and in 
1839 succeeded to his uncle's practice. His 
great activity, knowledge and skill and ex- 
cellent judgment, together with his success 
as a practitioner, made him prominent in 
his profession and brought to him a very 
extensive consulting practice. For this 
and other reasons, after more than thirty 
years of arduous labor, he began by de- 
grees to release himself from the more 
burdensome duties of his profession, con- 
fining his practice within a very limited 

A man of learning himself, he naturally 
and cordially seconded every effort to ad- 
vance the cause of education, and his elec- 
tion and re-election as a member of the 
public-school board of Newark, Now Jer- 
sey, — for a period of seventeen years, seven 
of which he was president of the board. — 
is some evidence of the earnestness of his 
labors in behalf of the interests of his na- 
tive city. To the Newark Academy, of 
which he is a graduate, he has always 
shown great devotion, becoming a member 
of its board of trustees as early as 1833. and 
since 1854 being president of that board. 
In 1856 he was chosen a trustee of Prince- 
ton College, and soon thereafter a trustee 
of the Theological Seminary in the same 
place, both of which offices he still holds; 
and after the death of Chancellor Green 
became president of the board of the The- 
ological Seminary. While in the active 
practice of his profession he was prominent 




and useful in the Medical Society of Essex 
County, and in 1848 was elected president 
of the State Medical Society. That his 
]irofessional reputation was not confined to 
his native state, is shown l)y the fact that 
he was elected an honorary member of the 
Connecticut Medical Society: also was a 
corresponding member of the Medical So- 
ciety of Munich and of the Royal Botan- 
ical Society of Ratisbon. In the year 1895 
he received from his alma mater, the Col- 
lege of New Jersev. the honorary degree 
of LL. D. ' 

As a writer. Dr. Pennington is graceful 
and vigorous. His productions are not 
voluminous; nevertheless he has made 
many and valuable contributions to medi- 
cal science, and is the author of numerous 
addresses and papers on the subject of 
education and essays on kindred topics. 

More than forty years ago he took an 
active part in the establishment of the 
Newark City National Bank, and since its 
organization has been president of this 
bank. Although at an age when men usu- 
ally throw off the cares of business life, he 
is still faithfully exercising the sound judg- 
ment and l)usiness ability which have made 
this bank one of the most successful finan- 
cial institutions of the state. 

The Doctor is a member — and is now 
president — of the New Jersey Historical 
Society, to which he has rendered much 


a dealer in real estate, has been a promi- 
nent factor in the improvement and devel- 
opment of the city of Newark. To the real- 
estate dealers, perhaps more than to any 
other class of men. is due the substantial 
development of the city, — a fact which is 

not generally recognized by the casual 
thinker, for the methods by which they sub- 
divide their property and the class of pur- 
chasers to which they sell may make or mar 
a neighborhood. Mr. Voigt ranks well 
among the leading men in his line, and the 
success he has achieved has been worthily 

A native of the town of Stadt-llm. in 
Theiren, Saxony, Germany, Mr. Voigt was 
born March 12. 1846, his parents being 
Karl and Christiana (Grotz) Voigt. When 
only three years of age he was brought by 
them to America, and in Newark he ac- 
quired his education, chiefly under the di- 
rection of ex- Mayor Hahne. Later he 
learned the carpenter's trade, serving as an 
apprentice to Charles Ruser, and subse- 
quently he followed that vocation in New 
York city for three years. Returning then 
to Newark he began business on his own 
account as a contractor and builder, and 
also engaged in the real-estate business, 
which eventually claimed his entire atten- 
tion. He made some judicious investments 
in realty, from which he realized a hand- 
some profit, ami in 1880 ])urchased a tract of 
ground consisting of seven acres, formerly 
known as Tivoli Park.' Here he established 
the celebrated Caledonian Park, but previ- 
ously he had also become proprietor of 
Union Park. In 1886 he became the pro- 
prietor of the Krueger Auditorium, which 
he conducted in conjunction with his parks. 
Also he became the manager of the Gott- 
fried Krueger Club House. For a period 
of ten years he was probably the best known 
man in his line of business in the city, but in 
1897 he retired from that enterprise. The 
buildings in Caledonian Park were de- 
stroyed by fire, since which tiirie"~4i€.has 
subdivided the ground into building lots 



and is now engaged in the development 
and improvement of the same. 

At that time Mr. Voigt also changed his 
place of residence to Springfield avenue. 
He has other business interests which con- 
tribute to his income, and is a very capable 
and progressive business man. He was one 
of the organizers of the Standard Land &. 
Building Company, of Newark, of which 
he is now president, and was one of the 
organizers of the Short Hill Park Associa- 
tion, of which he is a director. 

Air. Yoigt is a member of Diogenes 
Lodge, No. 22, A. F. & A. M., of Newark; 
Schiller Lodge, No. 79, L O. O. F.; New- 
ark Lodge, No. 21, B. P. O. E.; Court No. 
6806, United Order of Foresters, of New- 
ark, and the Gottfried Krueger Democratic 
Association, of which he is chairman. He 
is a member of the Democratic county com- 
mittee and is a stanch supporter of the prin- 
ciples of Democracy. 

On the loth of December, 1865. Mr. 
Voigt married Elizabeth Grub, a daughter 
of Abraham and Margaret (Schneider) 
Grub. To them were born four children : 
Hulda, who was born June 19, 1868, is the 
wife of John Brunig, of Newark, and has 
three children, — Viola, Gertrude and Anita; 
Agnes, born November 29, 1870, is the wife 
of Dr. F. W. Becker, of Newark, and has 
two children, — William Voigt andSusanna; 
Elizabeth, born December 12, 1872, is the 
wife of Edward W. Becker, of Morristown, 
New Jersey, and has one child, Hilda; and 
Gustave Karl, born May i, 1875, is a grad- 
uate of Lafayette College, of Easton, Penn- 
sylvania, and is now a civil and electrical 
engineer. The mother of this family, who 
was born October 6, 1847. 'l'^"^' December 
16, 1891. She was a most charitable lady 
and was loved and esteemed by all who 

knew her. Mr. Voigt w'as again married 
^Nlay 15, 1894, his second union being with 
Julia Grub, a sister of his first wife. They 
are members of the Lutheran church, and 
have the warm regard of many friends. 


president of the Dalton Pouncing Paper 
Company, of Newark, has attained to an 
enviable place in industrial circles by reason 
of his indefatigable energy, close applica- 
tion and great care in the management of 
the business interests with which he has 
been connected. He is now at the head 
of a paying industry and has won not only 
prosperity in his trade transactions, but has 
also gained the confidence of those with 
whom he has had dealing by his strict con- 
formance to the ethics of commercial life. 

Mr. Nichols was born in Northampton- 
shire, England, on the 7th of March, 1837, 
and is a son of Samuel and Caroline (Win- 
gel) Nichols, who were also natives of 
Northamptonshire. Thefathercame with his 
wife and children to America in 1841. locat- 
ing in Newark, where he followed the shoe- 
maker's trade for a short time, but his early 
career was soon ended by death. He passed 
away in 1844. leaving five sons to the care 
of the mother, who by her industry and 
frugality was enabled to provide for them 
until they were able to care for themselves. 
Her death occurred in 1889. Her children 
were: b'.kin. who married Mary Costello 
and had foiu' children : he engaged in the 
manufacture of hats and died in Bergen 
county. New Jersey, in 1877; John, who 
wedded Louisa Ward and has one child; 
Thomas, the third in order of birth, and 
William, who married Miss Mary Crap- 
nell and has five living children. 



To the common schools of Newark 
Thomas Nichols is indebted for his educa- 
tional privileges. At an early age he learned 
the trade of brush-making, and when a 
youth of sixteen began learning the trade 
of hat-making. After working as a jour- 
neyman for a few years he went into busi- 
ness for himself in 1862, locating on what 
is now Central avenue. The new enterprise 
proved a paying one, and in 1893 he sought 
more commodious quarters at his present 
location, near Nutley. Industry is one of 
the component elements of his nature, and 
by honest toil he has won an enviable place 
in business circles. In 1895 he began the 
manufacture of pouncing paper, supplying 
the hat factories of Newark and other 
places, and three of his sons are now asso- 
ciated with him in business. In 1896 he or- 
ganized the Dalton Pouncing Paper Com- 
pany, of which he is president, while his son 
William fills the ofifice of vice-president and 
his son John that of secretary and treasurer. 
They manufacture large quantities of this 
paper, which is largely in use in making 
hats, and have built up a big trade among 
reliable houses. A man of strong purpose 
and sound judgment, he carries forward to 
successful completion whatever he under- 
takes and would be an important addition 
to the business force of any community. 

Socially Mr. Nichols is a Mason, belong- 
ing to Belleville Lodge, No. 108, F. & A. 
M., and to Harmony Chapter, R. A. M., 
both of Newark. In politics he is an inde- 
pendent Democrat, and his religious prefer- 
ence is for the Episcopal church, in which 
he and his wife attend services. 

Mrs. Nichols bore the maiden name of 
Mary Hamill, and their marriage was cele- 
brated December 31, 1855. Her father 
was David Hamill, a native of the north of 

Ireland. By this union have been born the 
following children: John, who married 
Leonora Church, and has three children, — 
Ellen, David and Mary; William, who mar- 
ried Anna Kirk, and has one son, Thomas; 
Thomas, who married Katharine Volkner; 
and Ekin, the eldest, who was born March 
5, 1857, and died November 25, 1895. 


a leading florist of South Orange, has his 
well equipped greenhouses at the corner 
of Mountain House road and Clark street. 
The proximity of several large cities, New 
York, Brooklyn and Newark, has made 
the cultivation of flowers for the city trade a 
very profitable industry, and Mr. McGowan 
holds an enviable position among those 
who are devoting their energies to this busi- 

Born in the county of Tyrone, Ireland, 
in March, 1848, our subject is a son of 
Francis and Ann (McCul)ough) McGowan. 
The latter was a daughter of Patrick and 
Ann McCullough. The former, having ac- 
quired his education in the common 
schools, remained in his parents' home until 
early manhood and then began farming on 
his own account. His life was quiet and 
unassuming, but honorable and industrious, 
and he had the respect of many friends. 
Both he and his wife passed away at the 
age of sixty-five years, and their remains 
were interred in their native county of Ty- 
rone. Their religious belief was that of the 
Catholic church. The children born to them 
were : Francis, who died at the age of four 
years; Patrick, who married and resides on 
the Emerald Isle; James; Mary Ann, who 
resides with her brother in Ireland ; Bridget, 



who came to America, married, and now re- 
sides in Brooklyn, New York; Katharine, 
who is living in Ireland; Elizabeth, who is 
married and makes her home in the same 
country; John, also living there; Isabella, of 
the Emerald Isle, and Frank, who married 
Katharine Shilling and resides in South 
Orange. He has five children, — John, 
William, James. Bertha and Francis. 

The educational privileges which James 
McGowan received were quite limited; 
neither did he have the advantages of wealth 
or influential friends to aid him in starting 
out on life's journey. He assisted his fath- 
er in the farm work until twenty-four years 
of age. and then bade adieu to friends and 
native land, for he had determined to seek 
a home in the United States. On the 2d of 
March, 1868, he sailed for New York, where 
he arrived on the 17th of the same month. 
Locating in West Orange, he secured a 
situation with Benjamin Tomes, in the ca- 
pacity of gardener, being thus employed 
until 1890, when with the capital he had ac- 
quired through his own industry, thrift and 
economy, he embarked in business as a flor- 
ist. In 1880 he purchased his present home- 
stead and erected thereon a commodious 
and pleasant residence, in which he still re- 
sides. He also built a number of large 
greenhouses, supplied with all modern im- 
provements and equipments, and in 1890 
began the cultivation of roses, in which de- 
partment of his business he has been very 
successful. He has made a close study of 
the industry, and his thorough understand- 
ing of the needs of plants has enabled him to 
produce some of the finest specimens and 
varieties that have ever been placed upon 
the market. 

In St. John's church, Roman Catholic. 
Mr. McGowan was married May 16, 1870. 

to Bessie Coyne, a daughter of Patrick and 
Elizabeth (Waters) Coyne. They had two 
children, but one died in early life. The 
surviving child is Francis Joseph, who is 
now his father's assistant in business. Mr. 
McGowan and his family are Roman Cath- 
olics in religious belief and are communi- 
cants of the church of Our Lady of the Val- 
lev. in Orange. 


son of Josiah .\. and Elizabeth (Francisco) 
Francisco, was born October 8, 1859. on 
the old homestead in Caldwell township, 
and acquired his educational training in the 
district schools of the vicinity. After com- 
pleting his studies he engaged in farming in 
conjunction with the dairy business, and 
now ranks as one of the progressive and 
successful agriculturalists of Essex count)-. 

Josiah A. Francisco, father of our sub- 
ject, was also born on the farmstead and was 
married on the 7th of April. 1855. his death 
occurring April 11. 1890. Mrs. Francisco 
was a sister of Stephen, born on the old 
home. Septem))er 24. 1833. and is now liv- 
ing with her son, \\'illiam H. The other 
children of Josiah A. and Elizabeth Fran- 
cisco were: Peter Andrew, born June 9. 
1857. died September i, 1863; Bernice. 
born June 6, 1863, resides on the old home- 
stead; Richard S.. January 8, 1867. resides 
at home; Lloyd J.. January t6. 1873. is 
living at Fairfield. 

The male members of the family are, 
without an exception, stanch Repul)licans 
and believe firmly in the principles of that 
l)artv. In religion the family is afifiliated 
with the Presbyterian church. Besides the 
old homestead, which is occupied by the 
inunediatc subject of this review, the latter 



and his brother, Richard S., now own two 
other farms and a half of a third farm. They 
are among the prosperous agriculturahsts 
of Essex county. 


was born on the 27tli of Octol)er, 1837, in 
the old town of Ivensingen, in Baden, Ger- 
many, and was a son of John Jacob and 
Augusta Kraeuter. His father was born in 
tlie village of Hoerdten, in Baden, in 1778. 
and served in the Rheinbund army under 
Napoleon Bonaparte. He rose to the office 
of quartermaster, took part in the Russian 
campaign under that brilliant and daring 
leader of the French and participated in tiie 
siege of Moscow. He was afterward pen- 
sioned and was made district custodian of 
the government property in the grand 
duchy of Baden, which was the ])lace of his 
residence. He died in 1847, and his wife 
passed away in 1840. They had se\en chil- 
dren, who reached years of maturity. One 
sister. Elizabeth, came to America and died 
of sunstroke in New York city, at the age 
of thirty years. 

August Kraeuter was left an orphan at 
the early age of three years. He attended 
the common schools of Karlsruhe and 
Mannheim, after which he prepared for a 
business career by learning the trade of 
locksmith and traveling through Germany, 
Switzerland and France as a journeyman. 
It was in 1859 that he determined to seek a 
home in America, landing in New York on 
the 1st day of September. Newark became 
the place of his abode and here he secured 
employment in a pistol factory on High 
street, near Warren street. He was after- 
ward employed by Henry Sauerbier. in the 
manufacture of military arms for the gov- 

ernment, and in 1864 he became a memljer 
of the firm of Heuschkel, Kraeuter & Com- 
pany. Under this style the firm continued 
to carry on business for five years, when 
the partnership was dissolved and the firm 
of Foerster & Kraeuter was formed. This 
connection was maintained until December, 
1878, when Mr. Kraeuter withdrew and em- 
barked in business on his own account in 
the manufacture of tools. In 1881 he re- 
moved to his present location, and has es- 
tablished a paying business, which from the 
beginning has constantly increased in vol- 
lune and importance. 

In 1859, in Newark, was celebrated the 
marriage of Mr. Kraeuter and Miss Mary 
Magdalena Margstein, and to them were 
born seven children, as follows : Elise, 
who married P. H. Miller, of Newark, and 
has one child. Ellsa; William, who married 
Katharine K. Jar\is. and has two daugh- 
ters, — Hazel and Emma: August L., of 
Newark, who is a member of the board of 
freeholders, and married Elenore Hotz, by 
whom he has three children, — George W., 
Augusta and Helen; Bertha, who married 
Frank Vorhees. of Irvington, and has one 
daughter, Sybilla; Emilie, wife of Gottfried 
Fiedler, of Orange, by whom she has two 
children, — Harry and Frank; Charles, of 
Newark, who married Miss Ella Bingham 
and has two children, Robert F. and Charles 
Howard: and Otillia. who died at the age 
of eight years. The mother of this family 
was called to the home beyond this life April 
2i<. 1872, at the age of forty years, and on 
the 2d of June, 1872, Mr. Kraeuter was 
again married, his second union being with 
Sybilla L. Monier, a daughter of Albrecht 
and Eleonora Monier. She is of French de- 
scent, her ancestors having fled from their 
native country by reason of the repeal of the 



Edict of Nantes. By the second marriage 
of Mr. Kraeuter there are also seven chil- 
dren : Arthur A., who is engaged in the 
manufacture of tools in connection with 
his father; Eleonora; Louisa; Cora Lucia; 
Richard Garfield; John Jacob and Clara 
Julia, all at home. 

In his political afhliations Mr. Kraeuter is 
a Republican, who warmly advocates the 
principles of his party. He was elected and 
served as school commissioner from 1876 
until 1878, but has never aspired to political 
honors, being content to devote his time 
and energies to his business. In 1877 he 
was a member of the grand jury of Essex 
county. He is interested in all that tends to 
the mental culture and artistic development 
of the people of the community, and is a 
trustee of the West Newark Kindergarten 
Society and the Arion and Lyra singing so- 
cieties of Newark. 


one of the practical and energetic business 
men of Newark, engaged in the manufac- 
ture of wagons and trucks, belongs to that 
large class of worthy citizens that the fath- 
erland has furnished to America. He was 
born on the 14th of December, i860, in 
Engelsbraent, Oberamdt Neuenburg, 
Wurtemberg, Germany, and is a son of 
Christian and Catharine (Kling) Reichstet- 
ter. His father was a farmer by occupation 
and was for twenty years chief burgess of 
his native town, — a man who enjoyed the 
confidence of his fellow citizens in a high 
degree. He was born in 1832 and died in 
1884, at the age of sixty-two years. His 
widow is still living on the old homestead 
in Germany. Both held membership in the 
Lutheran church and in that faith reared 

their six children, the record of whom is as 
follows: Frederick, who came to Newark 
in 1879 and still makes his home here, mar- 
ried Catherine Baer, and had two children; 
Christian is married and lives on the old 
homestead in Germany; John George, the 
third in order of birth; Gottlieb lives in Ger- 
many, is married and has a family; Karl, 
who is also married and has a family, makes 
his home in the land of his nativity; and 
Julia G. is with her mother. 

]Mr. Reichstetter, of this review, is in- 
debted to the schools of his native land for 
the educational training he received, and at 
the age of fourteen began to learn the 
blacksmith's trade, which pursuit had been 
followed by his father and grandfather. 
iVfter completing his apprenticeship he 
traveled as a journeyman through Austria 
and the central German states and in 1881 
came to America, landing at New York on 
the 7th of June. Taking up his residence 
in Newark he joined his brother in the 
blacksmithing business, and later he served 
for eight years as foreman of the wagon 
manufactory of Brandenburgh & Novelle. 
On the i8th of February, 1890, he began 
business for himself at his present location 
and has since greatly improved the plant. 
The wagons and trucks which he manufac- 
tures are of the best quality, being durable, 
and at the same time not too heavily con- 
structed, and supplied with all modern im- 
provements. His trade is constantly in- 
creasing and his business has grown to such 
size that it yields him a good financial re- 
turn for his labor. 

Mr. Reichstetter was married at Newark, 
New Jersey, September 20, 1883, to Miss 
Sophia M. Erb, daughter of Adam and 
Catharine (Trautwein) Erb, and three chil- 
dren grace their union : Fred K., born Jan- 



uarv 15, 1885; Sophia Catharine, born Aug- 
ust 7, 1887, and John George, born March 
20. 1893. The parents are members of the 
Lutheran church, and socially Mr. Reich- 
stetter is connected with several societies. 
He is a self-made man, and the accumula- 
tions of an enterprising business career 
have come as the result of his able, per- 
severing efiforts. The Trautwein family ap- 
pear in this work. 


of Newark, was born in the ortschaft of 
Deidesheim, Oberamt of Moesbach, in 
Baden, Germany, October 4, i860, his par- 
ents being Andreas and Sophia (Beck) 
Schreitmueller. His father was a weaver 
by trade and pursued that calling for a 
number of years, after which he was ap- 
pointed by the government as a keeper of 
the forests, a position which he filled for 
more than a quarter of a century, when he 
was pensioned by the government. He died 
in 1891 and his wife was called to her final 
rest in January, 1882. They had fifteen 
children, of whom the following reached 
mature years : Rosa, who is married and 
resides at Brucksal, Baden, Germany; Bern- 
hard, who is married and makes his home at 
Guedesheim, Baden; Andreas, who is mar- 
ried and is engaged in the building-stone 
trade in Guedesheim, Baden; John, who is 
married and resides in Wolterdingen. in the 
district of Donau-Eshingen, Baden; Mary, 
who is married and resides at Mertelstein. 
Baden, her husband being Ignaz Bernauer, 
who was a widower with six children at the 
time of their marriage, by which union sev- 
enteen children were born; Kilian, who 
came to America and makes his home in 
Newark with his wife and four children: 

Henry, of this sketch; IMartin, a locomo- 
tive engineer, residing in Carlsruhe, Baden, 
who is married and has a family; Anna, 
who is married and is also living in Baden. 

Henry Schreitmueller obtained his pre- 
liminary education in the schools of his 
native land, and later attended a school of 
technique in Moesbach for some time. Be- 
ing desirous of trying his fortune in Amer- 
ica he determined to sail before reaching 
his twenty-first birthday, as at that time he 
would be eligible for military service. Ac- 
cordingly he left home on the 9th of March, 
1 88 1, and sailed from Rotterdam to New 
York, arriving in the latter city on the 27th 
of March. He took up his residence in New- 
ark and entered the employ of M. Mayer & 
Son, stone-cutters, with whom he remained 
until 1891, a period of eleven years. He 
then formed a partnership with Frank Au- 
lenbach and engaged in the building and 
flag-stone business, under the firm name of 
Schreitmueller & Aulenbach. Their wise 
and prudent management made their enter- 
prise a successful one and they continued in 
trade together until 1895, when by mutual 
consent the partnership was dissolved, Mr. 
Schreitmueller continuing in the business 
which he has conducted with good profit. 

On the 1st of April, 1881, in St. Bene- 
dict"? church. Roman Catholic, Newark. 
Mr. Schreitiriueller was united in marriage 
to Miss E\a Frederick, who was born 
■March 24, i860, a daughter of Jacob and 
Mary Anna (Schoenlebe) Frederick. Five 
children grace this union : John, who was 
born August 6, 1885; Charles, who was 
born January 3, 1888; Josephine, born De- 
cember 23, 1890; Catharine, born Novem- 
ber 6, 1892, and Lena, born August 17, 
1896. Mr. Schreitmueller and his family 
are communicants of the St. Peter's church, 


Roman Catholic, and he is a liberal contrib- 
utor to church and charitable enterprises. 
He belongs to the Catholic Benevolent 
Legion, of Newark, is also a member of the 
Builders' Association of this city, and of the 
U. G. Schuetzenbund. of New Jersey. His 
political support is given the Republican 
party and he is well informed on the issues 
of the day. but has never aspired to office, 
preferring that his energies shall be directed 
in the channel of his business enterprise. 


The Harrison familv has been conspicu- 
ously identified with the public and agri- 
cultural affairs of Essex county for several 
generations, besides demonstrating its 
loyalty to the country in both the Revolu- 
tionary and Civil wars. Matthew Harri- 
son, the great-grandfather of our subject, 
was the seventh child of Samuel (2d) and 
Jemima (Williams) Harrison, and was born 
on the old homestead at Orange in 1726. 
During the war of the Revolution he 
served as a member of the New Jersey 
militia. He married Miss Martha Dod, 
and the following children were born of 
this union : Abijah, Aaron, Amos, Adon- 
ijah and Mary. 

Aaron, son of Matthew and Martha 
(Dod) Harrison, was born in 1753 at the 
old homestead on the Swinefield road. He 
also served with the New Jersey militia in 
the Revolutionary war, and, the martial 
spirit continuing long after that memor- 
able struggle, he was elected major of a 
battalion of light horse composed of seven 
companies, every member of which fur- 
nished his own uniform and equipments, at 
a cost of one hundred dollars. It is said 
that the first farm wagon ever used in this 

locality was brought here by Major Harri- 
son. He was a man of excellent judg- 
ment and sound common sense, and pos- 
sessed the confidence and respect of all his 
neighbors. He married, first, Jemima, the 
third child of Daniel and Ruth (Harrison) 
Condit, Ruth being a daughter of Samuel 
Harrison (2d). One child was born to 
Major Harrison and his wife, but it died 
early in life. After the death of Mrs. Har- 
rison the Major married Phebe. a daugh- 
ter of Lewis Crane, son of Elihu. son of 
Jasper (3d), son of Jasper (2d), son of 
Jasper (ist), one of the original settlers of 
Newark. Mrs. Lewis Crane was a cousin 
of Rev. Aaron Burr. The children born 
to Aaron and Phebe Harrison were : Sam- 
uel, who died when about sixty-five years 
old; Charles, who married Miss Mary 
Williams; Matilda; Phebe; Jemima became 
the wife of Caleb W. Baldwin; Ira, the 
father of our subject; Aaron Burr, Abigail 
and Mary. 

Ira Harrison, son of Aaron and Phebe 
(Crane) Harrison, was born on his father's 
homestead, near that of his grandfather, 
January 4, 1795, <and died on the 5th of 
March, 1890. He was one of the impor- 
tant connecting links between the past and 
the present centuries and lived to see the 
marvelous changes that have been wrought 
•in his native town. He lived a useful, 
honored life and died in the full enjoyment 
of a bright Christian faith. One of the 
enterprising, progressive farmers in this 
vicinity, he was attached to the good old 
customs, but was not, however, averse to 
innovations, and w;is quick to adopt any 
improv^nents brought to his notice. He 
kept well abreast of the times, and while 
the old ox team might satisfy his neigh- 
bors he preferred a horse and wagon and 






was the first to introduce that method of 
conveyance in the Oranges. He lived to 
witness the advent of the steam locomotive 
and all the other improved modes of 
travel. As a Christian and a gentleman he 
wielded an extensive influence, was for 
nianv \ears an elder and a conspicuous 
menil:)er of the First Presliyterian church, 
and his was a thorough and jiractical 
Christianity, his purse always being open 
whenever and wherever it was needed, and 
he could always be relied upon to bear his 
full share of life's burdens. As a father 
and husband he was tender and afifection- 
ate. and was loved, honored and respected 
by all who knew him. Although well ad- 
vanced in years he demonstrated his loy- 
alt\- and patriotism during the Civil war 
bv attending the public meetings and en- 
couraging enlistments. He married Miss 
Mary Jones, a daughter of Ichabod Jones, 
born December 2/, 1798, a son of Joseph 
(2(1), born in 1737. a son of Joseph (ist), 
born in 1681, son of John, the last named 
being the progenitor of the family in East 
( )range. The children born to Ira and 
Mary (Jones) Harrison were ten in num- 
ber and the following record of them is 
given : Aaron died at the age of forty 
years: Rhoda A. resides in the Orange 
\'allev: Sanniel went to California in 1850 
and met his death while prospecting in the 
winter of 1855: Matilda lives with her sister 
Rhoda in the Orange Valley; John is the 
subject of this review; Phoebe C. married 
Josiah B. W'illiams and they reside in Or- 
ange with their three children. — Alice 
Mary, Abigail Louise and Francis Marcita; 
Dr. Alfred J., mention of whom is given 
hereafter; William L. died September 20, 
1889; Mary E. became the wife of Captain 
A. M. Matthews, whose biography is given 

elsewhere in this work; and Frederick 
Irving, who enlisted in the Thirteenth New 
Jersey \'olunteer Infantry, with which he 
served three years, participating in numer- 
ous engagements and was honorably dis- 
charged after serving as a gallant and 
faithful soldier : he married Julia Jacobus 
and two children were l)orn to them, 
naniel}' : tJene\ie\e and Mary E. Mr. 
I larrison died on the 3d of February. 1873. 

William L. Harrison also enlisted in the 
Union army, as a member of the Seventy- 
second Illinois Volunteer Infantry, with 
which he served three years, taking part in 
several battles, and was honorably dis- 
charged. Ira Harrison departed this life 
on the 4th of }ilarch, 1890. at the venerable 
age of ninety-six years, his wife being sum- 
moned to her eternal rest in 1877 or 'jS. 

Dr. Alfred J. Harrison, brother of our 
subject, was born on the old homestead 
in West Orange, September 9, 1833, and 
ac(|uired his preliminary education in the 
district schools of his native township. At 
the age of fourteen years he entered the 
boarding school and academy of David H. 
I'ierson. remaining there for three years, 
and then attended Princeton College, at, 
which he was graduated in 1855 with a fair 
degree of merit. Having decided to de- 
vote his life to the art of healing he en- 
tered the office of Dr. William Pierson. of 
( )range. with whom he read medicine for 
some time and then attended the medical 
department of the University of New York 
city in the class of 1857. being graduated 
at that institution a year later. He at once 
entered upon the practice of his profession 
in New \'cjrk city, and so well equipped 
was he for the duties of his chosen calling 
that be met with immediate success and 
ciintinued for nianv vears as one of the 



prominent and prosperous physicians of 
the metropoHs, a part of his time being 
occupied as attending physician in some of 
the principal hospitals of the city. In 
1883, owing to the impaired condition of 
his health, Dr. Harrison was compelled to 
relinquish his practice and returned to his 
native township in West Orange, where, in 
1885. he erected his present beautiful home 
on Hillside avenue. He is a popular mem- 
ber of the New England Medical Society. 

The marriage of Dr. Harrison was cele- 
brated at Orange on the ist of May, 1862, 
when he was united to Miss Sarah E. 
Matthews, a daughter of John H. and 
Elima (Meeker) Matthews. Both Dr. and 
Mrs. Harrison are communicants of All 
Saints church, Episcopal, of Orange, and 
are identified with the work thereof. 

John Harrison, the immediate subject of 
this review, is one of the worthy and highly 
respected citizens of West Orange, where 
he resides, on the old Harrison homestead. 
He was born on the 25th of November, 
1829, his mental discipline being received 
in the district schools of his native town- 
ship, and he remained under the parental 
roof until attaining the age of twenty-five 
years, when he began life as a farmer on 
his own responsibility. In 1861 he moved 
to Illinois, where he engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits for about a year and then 
returned to New Jersey and located on the 
old homestead in West Orange, associating 
himself with his brother, William L., in the 
management and operation of the farm. 
He again embarked in the dairy business, 
meeting with pronounced success in that 
line of enterprise and continuing the same 
for a period of thirty years. He has al- 
ways been an enterprising, progressive man 
and was instrumental in bringing about 

many improvements on the home place 
after it had passed into his hands. 

Politically, Mr. Harrison is a stanch 
supporter of the Republican party, having 
formerly been a Whig and casting his first 
vote for Winfield Scott for president. He 
has been active in local affairs, has served 
on the township committee at various times 
during nine years, and he is an ardent ad- 
vocate of all enterprises that will benefit 
and advance the community. Socially he 
is an affiliate of Union Lodge, No. 11, Free 
and Accepted Masons, of Orange, and is a 
faithful adherent of the precepts and tenets 
of that fraternity. 

Mr. Harrison consummated his mar- 
riage on November 21, 1854, when he be- 
came united to Miss Amanda Simmons, a 
daughter of George and Ruth (Palmateer) 
Simmons, and of this union six children 
have been born, namely: Ellen J.; Elizabeth 
AL; Ruth H.; Samuel D., who was born 
October 20, 1864, and died November 29, 
1885; Mary and Julia L. : none of these 
children is married. Mr. Harrison and his 
family are faithful attendants of the First 
Presbvterian church. 


one of the pioneer florists and horticul- 
turists, of Newark, whose thorough under- 
standing of the business and capable man- 
agement have brought him success in his 
undertakings, was born in the town of 
Stadt-Ilm, in the province of Schwartzburg, 
Rudelstadt, in Dueringen, Germany, April 
5, 1839. His parents were Karl and Chris- 
tiana (Grotz) Voigt, the father a successful 
and enterprising business man, prominently 
known in his native town. He espoused the 
cause of the revolutionists in the war of 




1848-9 and in consequence was compelled 
to leave his native country. Accordinfjly 
he came to .Vmerica with his wife and four 
children, landing in New York city, on the 
23d of April, 1850. After remaining there 
for a short time, he finally took up his resi- 
dence in Newark, where he spent his re- 
maining days, his death occurring at the 
age of sixty-seven years. His wife is also 
deceased. They were the parents of six 
children, of whom the following survive : 
Karl, our subject; Beda; Agnes, wife of 
Hugo Florstedt, of Newark, by whom she 
has six children; and Luzia, who is the 
wife of Frederick Grub, of Newark, by 
whom she has three children living: two 
died in early life. 

I-varl \'oigt acquired his education in 
his native town and when thirteen years of 
age became his father's assistant at the 
shoemaker's trade. He accompanied his 
parents on their emigration to America, and 
in 1856 began business on his own accoimt 
at Nos. 424 to 436 Morris avenue, Newark. 
his attention being devoted to the horticul- 
tural and rose-growing business. The new 
enterprise proved a profitable one, and in 
1883 he purchased the premises at No. 389 
Eighteenth avenue, where he has since en- 
gaged in the cultivation of all kinds of flow- 
ers. He has studied their needs and re- 
quirements and his knowledge of ])lants is 
most comprehensive and accurate. The 
soil, the temperature and the moisture that 
the different varieties demand are well 
known to him, and he exercises the greatest 
care in their cultivation, so that he is en- 
abled to place upon the market as fine spe- 
cimens as can be found anywhere. 

On the j8th of February, 1S94, Mr. 
\'oigt was united in marriage to Miss Maria 
Manthey, who was born May 2, 1872. a 

daughter of Anton and Wilhelmina (Kordi- 
not) ]\Ianthey, the former of French an- 
cestry. 'Slv. and Mrs. Voigt are of the Prot- 
estant faith. He has taken an active in- 
terest in the movements tending to the de- 
\-elopment and progress of this locality and 
has l)ccn instrumental in promoting its im- 
pro\-ement. He has never sought or de- 
sired public ot^ce. but has been unwavering 
in support of the principles of the Republi- 
can ])arty. Energy is numbered among his 
chief characteristics and has been one of 
the most important elements in his success. 
He is now enjoying a liberal patronage in 
the line of his trade, and his success is the 
merited reward of a well spent life. 


deceased, was born in the celebrated imi- 
versity town of Heidelberg, in Baden, Ger- 
many, in 1832, and was educated in the pub- 
lic schools. On attaining the age of twen- 
ty-four he left the land of his birth, and 
crossing the Atlantic to the New \\'()rld 
took up ills residence in Newark, where he 
secured a situation with the firm of Hulfish 
& Crans, jvith whom he learned the under- 
taking business, and subsequenth' entered 
business on his own account on William 
street, Newark. In 1878 he began business 
as undertaker ami embalmer, opening his 
store at No. 16 Hamburg place. From the 
beginning the enterprise proved a success- 
ful one. His known reliability in all trade 
transactions won him the patronage of the 
public, and he soon had a large clientele. 
He was a self-made man. for he started out 
in life empty-handed, depending entirely 
upon his own resources. With persistent 
effort he overcame the dilificulties and ob- 
stacles in his path, and as the result of his 



energy and commendable lousiness methods 
won a handsome competence. 

Mr. Engelhorn was married in Germanx' 
and liy that union had two chilch^en: Bar- 
liara. who became the wife of Louis Mc- 
Kay, and Louisa, wife of John Saxer. wlio 
died in Newark. Tlie motlier of these cliil- 
dren was called to the home beyond this life, 
and Mr. Engelhorn afterward married Miss 
Valentine. She, too, passed away, and for 
his third wife he chose Mrs. Fredericka 
Fischer, widow of Charles Christian Fisch- 
er. Her first husband was a native of the 
citv of Hanover, Germany, where he ac- 
c|uired his education and made his home 
imtil the age of twenty-four vears. when, at- 
tracted by the opportunities America af- 
fords her citizens, he crossed the Atlantic to 
New York city, where he followed the tan- 
ner's trade for some time. In 1865 he re- 
moved to Newark, where he worked as a 
journeyman tanner. He was a very quiet, 
unassuming man and worthy citizen, and 
commanded the respect of all good people. 
On one occasion he was summoned as a 
witness in court and testified against Thil- 
horn brothers, whose enmity he thus 
roused, in an altercation he was shot and 
killed by them, and in the encounter a po- 
lice ofificer was also killed and another 
officer and a private citizen, John Albus, 
were wounded. To avoid capture the Thil- 
horn brothers committed suicide by jump- 
ing into the Passaic river, 

Mr. Fischer was married March 18, 1856, 
to Miss Fredericka Schoedele, and to them 
were born four children : Henrietta, wife of 
Henry .Schmidt: Johanna, wife of William 
Durie, of Kearny, New Jersey; Matilda, wife 
of Jacob Garber, of Newark, by whom she 
has one child; and Otto C, who was born 
January 6, 1867, and was educated in the 

district schools of Newark. When twenty- 
four years of age he became associated in 
business with his stepfather, Mr. Engelhorn, 
and upon the !atter"s death became his 
mother's assistant in the management of the 
estate. They have since carried on the bus- 
iness with excellent success, and the estab- 
lishment is one of the best of the kind in the 
city. The house has enjoyed an undimin- 
ished trade, and its present prosperity is due 
in a very large measure to Mr. Fischer, who 
is a young man of progressive ideas and 
marked ability. He holds a membership in 
Germania Lodge, No. 12, A. F. & A. ^L, of 
Newark, and in Council Progressive of the 
Intlependent Order of Foresters, of the city. 
He also is a great lover of the art of music 
and belongs to the Concordia and the ( )r- 
pheus Singing Societies. ]VIrs. Engelhorn 
is a memljer of St. Stephen's Lutheran 
church, of Newark, and is a lady whose 
many excellencies of character have en- 
tleared her to a large circle of friends. 


a florist of Newark, was born in the ort- 
schaft of Ciochsheim, district of Bretten, in 
Baden, Germany, near the old arsenal 
where the revolutionists of 1849 \vere de- 
feated. The date of his birth was August 
26. 1832, and his parents were George and 
Margaret (Benkert) Muller, both of whom 
were also nati\es of Baden. The former 
was a son of (ieorge Frederick and Cath- 
erine (Koch) Muller, and for his life work 
he followed agricultural pursuits. Both he 
.ind his wife were faithful Christian people 
of the Protestant faitii and both died when 
about sixty-six years of age. Their children 
were as follows : Joim George, of this 
sketch, who is the eldest; Catherine, who 



(lied at the age of forty-fi\'e }ears: Ernes- 
tina, who came to America in 1853 and 
married Christopher Sonn. and has the fol- 
lowing children: Professor Georg'e Sonn. 
of the high school of Newark: William, 
Charles. Annie, Lydia (a school teacher); 
Edwin, Albert, Emma and Herbert: and 
Frederick, who resides at the old homestead 
in Gochsheim. Baden, is married and has 
fonr sons and two daughters. 

Mr. Aluller. who is now prominently 
identified with the business interests of 
Newark, attended the schools of his native 
town until fourteen years of age and then 
assisted his father in the various depart- 
ments of his work until he had become thor- 
oughly familiar with the processes of culti- 
vating Howers. In 1849 he crossed the At- 
lantic to seek his fortune in the New World, 
sailing from Havre, France, on the 19th of 
August as a passenger on the vessel Bava- 
ria. After a voyage of twenty-four days 
he landed in New York and then took up 
his residence in Fhiladelphia. where he 
found emplovment with his uncle. Casper 
Benkert, in the shoe business, with which 
he was connected for four years. During 
the succeeding four years, owing to failing 
health, he sought out-door work and fol- 
lowed the trade which he had learned in his 

In 1857 Mr. Muller returned to the land 
oi his birth, spending six months among 
family and old-time friends, after which he 
returned to .\merica and again entered the 
emplo}- of his uncle in Philadelphia, where 
he remained until April i, 1865. He then 
came to Newark and took u]) his residence 
on the site of his present home. He made 
a number of improvements, erected a dwell- 
ing and greenhouses and began the cultiva- 
tion of roses and plants. He began business 

on a small scale, but his trade has constant- 
I\- inciTased. and from lime to time he has 
been forced to enlarge his facilities in order 
to meet the demands of his steadily increas- 
ing patronage. He now has twenty-eight 
thousand square feet under glass, and while 
he cultivates all kinds of choice flowers he 
makes a specialty of the raising of carna- 
tions of the finest varieties. He also con- 
ducts a store at No. 195 Ferry street. In 
188C) he replaced the old dwelling with a 
tine modern residence and thus is situated 
conxeniently near his business, so that he is 
always ready to give to it his personal 

.Mr, .Muller was married in Philadelphia. 
June 3, 1858, to Mary Sophia Muller, who 
was not a relative although of the same 
name. She was born September 22. 1832. 
and her father was a native of the old fort- 
ress town of Forchtenberg, in Wurtemberg, 
Germany. Nine children have been born 
in the famil_\- of Mr. and Mrs. Muller, as 
follows : George Frederick, who died in 
Philadelphia, at the age of six months; 
Catherine Eliza, who became the wife of 
Monroe Shallcross, a resident of Asheville, 
North Carolina, by whom she has two chil- 
dren. — \\"alter and Mary (Mr. Shallcross 
died January 5. 1898); Annie, wife of Eben- 
ezer Alorris. of Newark; Elizabeth, who re- 
sides at home; William, of Newark, who 
married Louisa Sessing and has two chil- 
dren. — Florence and ()li\e Louisa; Louis 
Henr_\-, who married .\(ldie Russel and re- 
sides in Newark : she had one son, Nelson 
Leroy. who died, aged si.xteen months; 
Ennna, wife of George Hamilton, of New- 
ark, by whom she has two children. — Ruth 
and Gertrude: Edwin, of Newark, who mar- 
ried "Emma Heck and has one son, — John 
George; and John Christian, who married 



Pauline Zorn. and is living in ilatamoras, 
Pennsyhania. The sons, William. Louis 
and Edwin, are all associated with their 
father in Ijusiness and are successful, enter- 
prising men. Mr. and Mrs. Muller are 
members of the German INIethodist Episco- 
pal church and the family attend services 

William, the eldest son. has begun 
business on his own account on Lyons ave- 
nue and Clinton place, where he has estab- 
lished a large and commodious plant for 
rose-growing, etc. 


superintendent of the Newark Electric 
Light and Power Company, and one of its 
stockholders, was born in this city. April 4. 
1859. his parents being Patrick and Bridget 
(Powell) Gaf¥ney. who were married in St. 
Patrick's Cathedral, May 7, 1853. The 
father was a native of county Cavan, Ire- 
land, and the mother of Roscommon coun- 
ty. The father came to America when sev- 
enteen years of age, landing in New York 
city. He. however, took up his residence 
in Newark, and found employment in the 
service of Charles Bishop and his successor, 
manufacturers of metal goods, with whom 
he remained until his death, which occurred 
in November, 1895. He was an industrious 
and persevering man, just and conscientious 
in all business affairs and won the confi- 
dence of all with whom he had trade rela- 
tions. At the beginning of the civil war he 
enlisted in the United States navy on board 
the North Carolina and participated in a 
number of engagements. He served for 
two years and was honorably discharged at 
Washington. D. C. after which he returned 
home and resumed his old position with his 

former employer. He was for many years 
the foreman of the establishment and very 
capably directed its affairs. 

The parents of our subject had a family 
of ten children. ]\Iary Regina. who was ed- 
ucated in the parochial school connected 
with St. Patrick's cathedral, in which in- 
stitution she was graduated, became a sister 
of charity of the Dominican order, and died 
at Mount Sinsinawa, Wisconsin, in 1887. 
Susan is an invalid and resides with her 
sisters on the old homestead. Bernard and 
Nicholas, twins, died in early childhood. 
John J. was the next of the family. Francis 
Augustine, who attended the parochial 
school and completed his education in St. 
Joseph's College, of Somerset, Ohio, was 
ordained as a priest, April 15. 1889. andis 
now pastor of St. Patrick's Roman Cath- 
olic church in Columbus, Ohio. Catherine, 
who received a parochial-school education, 
resides on the old homestead. Elizabeth 
was similarly educated and lives at the old 
home. Patrick died in early childhood. 
Agnes was educated in the parochial 
schools and lives with her sisters. The 
mother of this family passed away in T890. 

During his early youth John J. Gafifney 
attended St. Patrick's parochial school in 
Newark, and when eleven years of age se- 
cured work in the same shop in which his 
father was employed. In 1876 he took up 
the study of electricity and electrical ma- 
chinery under the direction of Prof. Ed- 
ward Weston, of Newark, who had just be- 
gun the manufacture of electrical machin- 
ery in Newark. Mr. Gafifney remained with 
Professor Weston for over ten vears. and 
while thus engaged visited many states of 
the Union, erecting electric plants. In 
1887 he became identified with the Newark 
Electric Light and Power Company, in 



which he is one of the stockholders, and 
is now efficiently and acceptably filling the 
office of superintendent. He is an expert 
electrician and has frequently been called 
upon to give expert testimony in important 
litigations concerning electrical work or 
machinery. He is also a stockholder in the 
Essex Land Compan\-, of Essex county, 
and is interested in other local enterprises, 
and one may feel assured that if he is con- 
nected with the direction of any interest, it 
will be carried forward to successful com- 
pletion, for he possesses unbounded inge- 
nuity, perseverance and sound judgment, 
and has achieved success in many instances 
where others, even competent men. would 
have failed. 

Newark recognized Mr. ("laft'ney as one 
of her leading and influential citizens, and 
he is now serving as a member of the New- 
ark Council of the Knights of Columbus. 
He is also a member of the Catholic Benev- 
olent Legion, of the Father Dalton Coun- 
cil, No. 62, of Newark. He belongs to the 
Cecelia Social Club and is an honorary 
member of the Harmonie Singing Society. 
He has taken a more or less active part in 
politics for, some years, and in 1893 was 
elected to represent the seventh ward in the 
city council, running ahead of his party 
ticket. He has always been a stanch Demo- 
crat, having followed in his father's foot- 
steps in this particular. Like his parents, 
he also is a communicant of St. .Antoninus 
Catholic church. 

Mr. Gaffney was married at Boonton, 
New Jersey, November 3, 1881. to Wini- 
fred Cunningham, a daughter of William 
and Mary (Dillon) Cunninglvun. Their 
union was blessed with seven children, as 
follows: William Patrick, who is now a 
student in .'>t. Patrick's ])arochial school. 

of Newark; Mary Regina, Catharine and 
Edward, who are attending St. "Vincent's 
Academy; Winifred and Francis, who are at 
home; and John, who died at the age of a 
year and a half. 


of Newark, is a native of the Pine Tree 
state, his birth having occurred in Bangor, 
Maine, on the 6th of May, 1858. His par- 
ents were Henry and Abagail Hopkins 
Noyes. His mother was a daughter of the 
Reverend Preserve Hopkins, a minister of 
the Universalist church, who devoted his 
entire life to that calling. His death oc- 
curred at the age of sixty-three years. 
Henry Noyes, the father of our subject, 
was born in Salem, Massachusetts, and was 
a son of Deacon John and Mary Ann 
Noyes, both of whom were descended from 
Puritan ancestry. The grandfather, John 
Noyes, was a brass founder by trade and 
for many years conducted a successful busi- 
ness in that line in Salem, Massachusetts. 
He lived to the advanced age of eighty- 
three years and was a man of strict integ- 
rity, just and conscientious, who molded 
his life in harmony with the doctrines of 
the Society of Friends, with which he was 
connected. His estimable wife passed to 
the home beyond this life when seventy-six 
years of age. They had a family of seven 

Henry Noyes. father of our subject, ac- 
(juired a grammar-school education, and in 
his frequent visits at his father's brass foun- 
dry picked up a knowledge of that busi- 
ness, to which he applied his energies with 
unremitting zeal after attaining to man's 
estate. Later he conducted a brass foun- 
dry in Newburyport. and his thorough 



knowledge of the trade, combined with 
keen foresight, energy and enterprise, en- 
abled him to win a high degree of success. 
The latter years of his business career were 
passed in Bangor, Maine, where, in 1879, he 
retired from the active cares of trade, hav- 
ing accumulated an ample competency for 
himself and family. He has led a con- 
sistent Christian life, full of earnest purpose 
and honorable actions, and is respected by 
all with whom he has been brought in con- 
tact. His wife died on the 5th of October^ 
1868, mourned by a large circle of friends. 
They had two children, the daughter being 
Frances, who now resides with her father in 
Bangor, Maine. 

William H. Noyes acquired his educa- 
tion in the schools of his native city, and 
during his early manhood assisted his 
father in the various departments of the 
brass foundry. In 1878 he went to Bos- 
ton, where he secured a clerkship, occupy- 
ing that position for four years. He then 
became a traveling salesman, remaining on 
the road until 1888, at which time he en- 
gaged in the manufacturing and lumber 
business on Orange street, Newark. He 
began the manufacture of scaffolding and 
ladders and also deals in poles. Success 
attended the new enterprise from the be- 
ginning, so that the constantly increasing 
trade soon demanded more commodious 
quarters, and in 1892 he purchased his 
present large and commodious establish- 
ment on First street, near Orange, and he 
has made extensive improvements by en- 
larging his buildings and equipping them 
with the latest improved machinery. 

At Boston, Massachusetts, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Noyes and Miss 
Clara White, on the 30th of August, 1882. 
The lady, who was born September 5, 1867, 

is a daughter of John and Clara White, de- 
scendants of prominent old New England 
families. Four children grace the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Noyes, namely: Etta, 
bom February 19, 1885; Clifford. Septem- 
ber 28. 1886; Ida, September 14, 1889; and 
Harrison, September 13, 1S91. 

Mr. Noyes and his family attend the 
Methodist Episcopal church in Roseville. 
He is a member of Apex Lodge, No. 148, 
Knights of Pythias, of Newark, and in his 
political predilections is a Republican. 
Prosperity has steadily accompanied him 
in his business career, resulting from his 
energy, keen discrimination and w'ell di- 
rected efforts. His dealings are straight- 
forward, and among business acquaint- 
ances he is spoken of as a "man whom you 
can trust." This is praise of which anyone 
might be proud and which Mi'. Noyes 
justly merits. 


a well known citizen of Irvington, and a 
son of Rochus and Susannah (Dievenbach) 
Heinisch, was born in the city of Newark, 
on the 13th day of November, 1839. He 
received his preliminary educational disci- 
pline in the public schools of Newark, sup- 
plementing this by a course of study in the 
famous old Newark Academy, which was 
located at the corner of High and William 
streets. He put aside his books upon ar- 
riving at the age of eighteen years, and in- 
augurated his business career by entering 
his father's store in New York, where he 
became familiar with the shears and scis- 
sors trade, subsequently augmenting his 
knowledge by close relationship with the 
factory and New York ofifice. He eventu- 
ally assumed entire charge of the New 
York store, and through his well directed 

j6. ^S. /^. 





efforts the business was greatly increased in 
extent. While conducting this store at 
No. 301 Broadway, New York, he was also 
exclusive New York agent for the Peters' 
Cutlery Company, of Solingen, Prussia, 
and in this line he transacted an annual 
business aggregating three hundred thou- 
sand dollars. 

For several years he lived retired, and 
then became connected with the large 
shears and scissors manufactory at Wind- 
sor, Connecticut. The product of this 
factory was stamped "H. C. Heinisch, N. 
Y.," and was handled at wholesale by H. 
Booker & Company, of New York city. 
He has ever since retained his association 
with the Windsor establishment, the busi- 
ness having shown a consecutive apprecia- 
tion in scope. 

Mr. Heinisch has recently patented 
an invention known as the H. C. 
Heinisch patent tailor's shears, which 
he believes are bound to come into 
exclusive use by the sartorial fraternity. 
He maintains that by the use of these shears 
an operator can do twice as much work as 
with the ordinary shears such as have 
heretofore been employed. The shears 
open to within half an inch of the rivet 
joint and by means of a projecting arm or 
handle the operator is enabled to apply the 
pressure of the body and to use the 
strength of the entire forearm in addition 
to the weight pressure. These forces have 
not before entered into the applied force 
used in cutting heavy fabrics. 

Mr. Heinisch was at one time a member 
of the board of village trustees of Irving- 
ton, and he also served for two terms as a 
member of the board of chosen freehold- 
ers, representing Clinton township, and 
proved an able and efificient official. 

The marriage of Mr. Heinisch was sol- 
emnized September 14, 1870, when he was 
united to Miss Virginia Rogers, a daughter 
of Thomas R. Rogers, of the Paterson Lo- 
comotive Works. They are the parents 
of the following named children: Maud 
R. (now the wife of Charles Terrell), Her- 
bert D., Edith R., Mabel and Mildred. 


of Belleville, was born on the 22d of March, 
1850, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and is 
a son of Philip and Mary (Riley) Connell, 
both of whom were of Irish birth. John J. 
spent his early life at Philadelphia, subse- 
quently going to New York city, where 
his education was received in Manhattan 
Academy, which is now Manhattan Col- 
lege, after leaving which he learned the 
printing trade at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 
and later went into the printing business. 
In 1880 Mr. Connell moved to Newark, 
New Jersey, where he remained three years 
and then came to Belleville and secured a 
position as reporter on the News Call. 
Eventually he went west and spent several 
years in California, but returned to Belle- 
ville and has since made this place his home. 

In his political proclivities Mr. Connell 
is a stanch supporter of Democratic princi- 
ples and policies and an energetic worker 
in the cause of his party. He has been 
twice elected justice of the peace and was 
the only successful candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket in the great landslide of 1892, 
and he has for some time been connected 
with the board of health, at present holding 
the position of inspector in the health de- 

Mr. Connell embarked in the real-estate 
business in 1890, and has since continued in 



that line of enterprise, meeting with the sig- 
nal success that is a logical result of indus- 
try, perseverance and undoubted integrity 
of character. Mr. Connell is a public-spir- 
ited citizen and has gained and retains the 
confidence and resi)ect of a large circle of 
friends and acquaintances. 


deceased, was a successful and well known 
shoe manufacturer of Newark, where he es- 
tablished and conducted a large and profita- 
ble business that was regarded as one of the 
leading industries of the city. He learned 
his trade in England, his native land, his 
birth having occurred in the town of North- 
ampton, Northamptonshire. There he ac- 
quired his education, and while still in his 
'teens was apprenticed to learn the shoe- 
maker's trade. On the completion of his 
term of service he engaged in shoemaking 
in Manchester, and later in London, Eng- 
land. He married Miss Maria Northcliffe, 
a native of Lancastershire, England, and a 
daughter of Barker Northclifife, whose birth 
also occurred in that county. 

In 1868 Mrs. Cort died and the following 
year Mr. Cort determined to come to 
America, hoping to find better opportuni- 
ties of providing for his family and securing 
a competence than he could obtain in the 
Old \\'orld. Accordingly he made ar- 
rangements to leave his native land and 
with four sons and one daughter crossed 
the Atlantic to New York, landing in Sep- 
tember, 1869. He located in Newark with 
his family and began the manufacture of 
men's fine slippers on Bank street. Success 
soon attended the new enterprise and his 
trade rapidly increased. Mr. Cort was the 
first to introduce and manufacture lawn- 

tennis shoes in this country, and in this de- 
partment of the business he secured a very 
extensive patronage. His thorough and 
practical understanding of the business en- 
abled him to manage it on economical prin- 
ciples, and as time passed he found himself 
in possession of a comfortable competence 
as the result of his well directed labors. He 
continued to engage in the manufacture of 
shoes until his death, which occurred in 
April, 1894. In all trade transactions his 
reputation was ttnassailable, and in every 
relation of life his character was above re- 

By his first marriage Mr. Cort had nine 
children, namely: Thomas; Susan, wife of 
Joseph Cox, of Newark; Edward, who mar- 
ried, and died in 1881, leaving one son, 
Thomas Edward ; Gilbert, who died in child- 
hood; Henry, who also died in childhood; 
John, of Newark, who married and has 
two children; Charles, a resident of New- 
ark, who is married and has a family of five 
children: and two, — twins, — who died at 
the age of two months. After coming to 
the United States Mr. Cort, the father of 
this family, married Mrs. Jones, a widow, 
who had one daughter, Mary. The chil- 
dren of the second marriage are Ulysses S., 
Gilbert, Mrs. Elizabeth Watts, of Newark, 
and Harry. 


muiibered among the leading business men 
of Newark, and the eldest son of Thomas 
Cort, deceased, received his education in 
the public schools of Newark and Philadel- 
phia. When only nine years of age he be- 
gan to take a deep interest in his father's 
work and under his direction learned the 
shoemaker's trade, advancing step by step 



until he had mastered the business in all its 
departments and details. When fifteen 
years of age he was able to accept a position 
as a journeyman; in 1872 he went to Phila- 
delphia, where he worked at his trade until 
1882: returning to Newark with his family, 
he again was employed as a journeyman for 
about a year; and in 1883 he began the 
manufacture of shoes on his own ac- 
count, commencing business on a small 
scale; but his skill and knowledge of the 
craft enabled him to turn out such credita- 
ble and satisfactory work that his patron- 
age steadily and rapidly increased, and in 
a short time he was at the head of a good 
business. In 1885 he opened his present 
establishment on South Orange avenue, 
where he has one of the extensive plants of 
the city, splendidly equipped with all the 
facilities that enable him to turn out first- 
class work. He employs one hundred oper- 
atives, and thereby adds materially to the 
general prosperity of the community as well 
as to his own income. 

In all matters pertaining to the devel- 
opment and advancement of the city. Mr. 
Cort gives an earnest and intelligent sup- 
port, and is a reliable, worthy citizen, who 
is regarded as a valuable factor in Newark. 
In 1894 he was nominated for the position 
of alderman on the Republican ticket and 
was elected by a large majority. In the dis- 
charge of his duties, his fidelity to the in- 
terests of the city and his constituents has 
won him the highest commendation. He is 
now a member of the Republican county 
central committee and his opinions have 
done not a little toward shaping the policy 
of the party in this section of the state. 

Mr. Cort was married in Philadelphia, in 
August, 1873, to Miss Kate K. Grubb, a 
daughter of William and Agnes (Loury) 

(jrubb. and to this union have been born 
nine children : Edith M., now the wife of W. 
Allen, by whom she has one child, Ellen; 
Margaret R.. a graduate of the Newark 
school; Minnie R.. who is also a graduate of 
the Newark high school; Thomas N., now 
a student in the Newark Academy; Elwood, 
who died at the age of five years; Robert, 
who died at the age of nine months; Susan, 
John and Xorman, who complete the fam- 

Mr. Cort is a member of Kane Lodge, 
No. 55. F. 8z A. M.; Union Chapter, No. 7, 
R. A. M. and Lodge No. 21. B. P. O. E., 
of Newark. The family attend the Method- 
ist Episcopal church on Littleton avenue, in 
Newark, of which Mrs. Cort is a member. 


One of the most important business in- 
terests of Newark is that of hat manufactur- 
ing. The city has become a center for this 
industry and Newark is largely the leader in 
this line in North America. Among the 
newer business houses of the city whose 
energies are directed in this channel is that 
of Boutillier & Carr, now doing business 
at the corner of Sussex avenue and First 
street, and the popular proprietors have 
succeeded in gaining an enviable place in 
the ranks of those who follow the same 

Mr. Boutillier, the senior member of the 
firm and the subject of this review, was born 
in Newark, on the ist of August. 1865. and 
is a son of Charles Louis and E. Theresa 
(Cashion) Boutillier. On the maternal side 
the descent is Irish, for the grandparents 
were both of Irish lineage. The grand- 
father was born on the Emerald Isle, and 
on crossing the broad Atlantic took up his 



residence in Newark, where he spent the 
remainder of his days. The paternal grand- 
father of our subject. Joseph Boutillier, was 
born in Canada and was of French Hugue- 
not ancestry. He learned the ship-carpen- 
ter's trade in early life and always followed 
that pursuit in support of himself and fam- 
ily. On his removal to New Jersey he took 
up his abode in Newark, where he remained 
for a number of years, but his last days were 
spent in Jersey City, where he died at the 
age of seventy-six. His family numbered 
the following: Jeremiah, Jr., who resided 
in Newark and never married; Joseph, who 
settled in New York and has not been heard 
from for a number of years; Rosa, wife of 
Thomas Gaven, of New York city, by whom 
she has three daughters; Mary, wife of 
Charles Kelley, a resident of New York 
city; Alexander, from whom no news has 
been received for a number of years; and 
Charles Louis. 

The last named, the father of our sub- 
ject, acquired his education in the schools 
of Newark and in his early manhood learned 
the ship-carpenter's trade, but owing to a 
decline in that business he was compelled 
to seek a more lucrative occupation and ac- 
cordingly learned the hatter's trade, which 
he followed during the later years of his 
active business career. He passed away 
April 15, 1893, ^""J his estimable wife died 
in 1878. They were members of the Luth- 
eran church and won the regard of all who 
knew them. Their children, five in num- 
ber, were as follows: Alary E., the wife of 
George Garabrant and the mother of two 
children, — George and Flossie; Emanuel 
Frank, the next younger; Annie A., the wife 
of William Knapp, a resident of Danbury. 
Connecticut, and their children are Ella, 
Frank and Fannv, besides Mamie, who 

died at the age of ten years; Henrietta, who 
is the wife of George Meyers, of Brooklyn, 
New York, and has one child; and Hattie, 
who died at the age of eleven years. 

Emanuel Frank Boutillier attended the 
public schools during his early boyhood 
and at the tender age of twelve years began 
to assist his father in the maintenance of 
the family. When he had reached the age 
of seventeen he began learning the hatter's 
trade at Newark, and after finishing his 
apprenticeship worked as a journeyman 
until 1893, when, forming a partnership 
with Thomas Hargraves and Herbert T. 
Reed, he embarked in the manufacture of 
hats in Newark, under the firm name of 
Hargraves, Reed & Company. In 1894 
he withdrew from the firm and associated 
himself with William Carr and William 
Clorer in a similar enterprise in Orange 
\'alley. under the style of Boutillier, Carr 
& Company. This connection was dis- 
solved December 31, 1895. and organizing 
the firm of Boutillier & Carr, these gentle- 
men opened their present establishment in 
Newark. They have a well appointed fac- 
tory, supplied with the latest improved ma- 
chinery and facilities for turning out first- 
class work, and employ from thirty-five to 
forty hands. They not only keep thor- 
oughly up with the styles but are leaders in 
their line and are now enjoying a very 
profitable and satisfactory business for a 
concern of only two years' existence. 

Mr. Boutillier was united in marriage, in 
Newark, to Miss Mary E. Carr, a daughter 
of William and Sarah Jane (Hafif) Carr. 
They now have one child, Jesse Wildy, 
born March 17. 1893. Mr. and Mrs. Bou- 
tillier attend the North Baptist church of 
Newark, and he is a member of the Golden 
Star fraternity of this city. He exercises 



his right of franchise in support of the men 
and measures of the RepubUcan party and 
is well informed on the issues of the day, 
but has never desired political preferment 
for himself. He feels that his time and 
cnert^ies should be devoted to his business 
and in this he is meeting with a desirable 


As one of the prominent and representa- 
tive citizens of Orange who for a number 
of \ears has been identified with the manu- 
facturing interests of Esse.x covuUy. it is 
particularly appropriate that the gentleman 
whose name initiates this paragraph should 
be accorded mention in this work: and 
therefore a resume of his career is herewith 
presented to our readers. A native of (jer- 
many, the birth of Mr. Otterbein occurred 
in the famous city of Lauterbach, province 
of Hesse-Darmstadt, on the loth of Janu- 
ary. 1834. his parents being John and 
Catherine (Gerhard) Otterbein. both of 
whom were also born in Hesse-Darmstadt. 

John Otterbein. the father of our subject. 
was born and reared in Lauterbach. and 
there received his education in the public 
schools, after leaving which he learned the 
trade of locksmith, and upon serving a 
com])lete a])prenticeship he worked as a 
journe\man in the various cities of Europe. 
He finally returned to Lauterbach and es- 
tablished himself in business, continuing in 
the same until his death, which occurred in 
1885. He married Miss Catherine (jer- 
liard. and her death occurred in her si.xtx- 
eighth year. Mr. Ottenbein was a thought- 
ful, industrious man. of a genial dis])osition 
and a religious temperament, and ])ossessed 
great good sense and sound judgment. 

To him and his wife were born the follow- 
ing children: Ludvvig, who came to the 
United States in 1848 and settled in New 
York city, eventually moving to Brooklyn, 
where he now resides: he married and 
reared sons and daughters, one of the for- 
mer being Louis, who <lied at Orange in 
1884. leaving a widow and two children, 
William and Anna; Conrad died in the 
town of Lauterbach at the age of twenty- 
seven years; Henry came to America in 
185 1 and located in New York city: he 
was twice married, having one child by his 
lirst union ami four children by liis second: 
he learned the trade of machinist and at 
present conducts a successful business on 
Twenty-ninth street. New York city: John 
is the innnediate sul)ject of this review; 
Frederick married twice, his first union re- 
sulting in three children : after the death 
of his first wife he married her sister, and 
thev reside on the old homestead in Lau- 
terbach: Katharine resides with her brother 

John Otterbein. our subject, acquired his 
earlv educational discipline in the public 
schools of his native city, continuing his 
studies until nearly fifteen years old. when 
he became apprenticed to the hatting trade, 
and after ser^'ing for four \ears he worked 
as journeyman for a short time, then de- 
termined to seek wider fields for his en- 
deavors. He left home on the 4th of .\pril, 
1853, crossed the Atlantic, and landed in 
New York on the 28th of May following. 
Here he worked at his trade for a' year, and 
at Brooklyn and Orange for a short time, 
and then came to Newark. Attracted by 
the reports of fabulous wealth to be ob- 
tained in California. Mr. Otterbein decided 
to seek his fortune there, and accordingly, 
in lanuarw 1858. he journeyed to the i)rom- 


ESSEX ('()( \T). 

ised land, worked at his trade in several 
towns in that state, and finally made his 
way to British Columbia, being one of the 
first white men to prospect and mine in 
those regions. After enduring many hard- 
ships and privations, he returned to the 
genial climate of California and secured em- 
ployment in Marysville. engaging in his 
trade for a while at San Francisco. 

In January, i860. Mr. Otterbein returned 
to Orange and worked at his trade, filling 
the position of foreman for Charles A. 
Lighthipe until 1865, when he entered into 
partnership with Frederick Berg, in the hat 
business, under the firm name of Berg. & 
Otterbein, and under their careful and ju- 
dicious management success soon attended 
them. Mr. Otterbein then associated him- 
self with Charles F. Lighthipe in the manu- 
facture of hats, the firm name being Light- 
'hipe & Otterbein, continuing as such until 
1874. when our subject purchased his part- 
ner's interest and conducted the business on 
his own responsibility up to within recent 
years, when he retired from active life, and 
is now enjoying the fruits of his early ef- 

Mr. Otterbein affiliates with the Demo- 
cratic parly, and has always taken an aliid- 
ing interest in local politics and all enter- 
prises that have for their object the ad- 
vancement and welfare of the community. 
In 1872 he was elected a member of the 
township committee, ser\dng as such for 
eighteen consecutive years: he was elected 
to the same position in 1893 for one year, 
and again in 1897. Socially considered, 
Mr. Otterbein is a popular member of Cor- 
inthian Lodge, No. 57. Free and Accepted 
Ma.sons, at Orange. 

The marriage of Mr. Otterbein was sol- 
emnized on the 23d of June, i860, when he 

was united to Miss Susanna Greer, a 
daughter of Frank and Katharine (Becker) 
Greer, of Orange, and of this union six 
children have been born, of whom the fol- 
lowing record is given: Amelia C. who be- 
came the wife of Albert S. Wallace, of 
Montclair, New Jersey, and they have one 
daughter. Isabella: John F.: Eugene, who 
is a progressive citizen of Orange, where he 
is engaged in the grocery business; Min- 
nie F., who resides at home: Louisa H., 
who also is at home: and Lily M., who for 
a time taught a kindergarten school in New 
York city, and resides at present with her 

John F. Otterbein. the eldest son of our 
subject, was born in Orange, New Jersey, 
on the 8th of July, i80j, and received his 
early education under private tuition, be- 
coming ])rohcient in both the English and 
German languages. Later he attended the 
district schools of Orange and completed 
his studies in the New Jersey Business Col- 
lege, at which he was graduated in 1879. 
He then learned the hatting business with 
his father, continuing in that until 1886, at 
which time he embarked in the Hour and 
feed business at Orange. ( )n the 1st oi 
January, 1890. Mr. Otterbein established 
himself at his present location, where his 
integrit}- of character and honorable meth- 
ods have secured to him a liberal patronage. 
He also takes a deep interest in public mat- 
ters, and in 1896 he was unanimously 
nominated by his party and elected a mem- 
ber of the board of freeholders, he being 
one of the two Democratic nominees 
elected to office in that campaign. Al- 
though his home township went Republi- 
can bv three hundred and sixty-nine major- 
ity, Mr. Otterbein won his victory by a 
suri)lus of one hundred and ninety-nine 

jE?.S»S'^X covxty. 


votes. Like his father, he is a Democrat 
of the true Jeffersonian type. 

J. H. ^^\X CLEVE. 

a leading and public-spirited citizen of 
Irvington, is descended from one of the 
early Holland families of New York, and is 
a son of the late John Van Cleve, who was 
for many years a prominent factor in the 
commercial and political affairs of Irving- 
ton. The latter was born in Xew York 
city in 1820, but at an early age he was 
deprived of his father by death, and in his 
boyhood was brought to New Jersey, and 
was here reared to manhood by his grantl- 
father. Garret \'an Cleve. His literary 
education was obtained in the night schools, 
and at rather a youthful age he went to 
Newark and learned the shoemaker's trade. 
About the year 1840 he moved to Camp- 
town, which is now the town of Irvington, 
and here opened a general store, but later 
changed the character of his stock and en- 
gaged in the shoe business. As he pros- 
pered he became interested in other enter- 
prises, as he thought he saw opportunities 
of adding to his income, and grading and 
excavating and the ice business were made 
a part of his regular work. In 1878 he 
embarked in the coal business, and was 
successfully conducting the same until in- 
terrupted by death, on the nth of Febru- 
ary, 1 88 1. 

In politics John \ an Cleve was an ener- 
getic member of the Democratic party and 
a leader in his township and village. He 
was one of a connnittee appointed to make 
a map of Clinton township: he participated 
in the framing of the village charter; he 
was a member of the board of village trus- 
tees and the school board, and was one of 

the early members df the board of mana- 
gers of the Clinton county cemetery. So- 
cially, he was prominent in Masonic circles. 

He married Miss Elizabeth C. Looker, a 
daughter of William and Mary Looker, of 
Esse.x count\', and she was called to her 
eternal rest in 187^. The following is a 
record of the children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
\'an Cleve: Harriet L., deceased, married 
Charles W'inans, of New York, and left 
three children, — Harry, Arthur and Edna: 
Abram married Mary \\". Sheridan, and 
they ha\e one child, Roljert: Mary 1{. be- 
came the wife of Daniel Heddon, and they 
have six children — Fannie, Laura, Charles, 
Leitha, I-'rank and Maud: Calvin D.. who 
died in 1895. was a leader of the Democratic 
j)art\- in Clinton township, and was a promi- 
nent contractor: he married Miss Mary 
A. Farrow, and their children were Irene. 
Allie, Eugene and \\'alter: I'annie I), 
married Augustus Fuller, of Xew I'ork, 
and has one child, Ethel: J. H. was born 
in Camptown on May 18, 1854, and mar- 
ried Hannah .\.. daughter of Sidney Meek- 
er and granddaughter of Zadoc Meeker, 
one of the old landmarks of Essex county; 
Florence A. became the wife of W'infield 
Scott, of Newark, and their children are 
Norma, Harry, l)oroth\- and N'ancleve: 
Laura E. is tlie wife of Frank Jagger, of 
Xew ark; Ida is the wife of Theodore Mel- 
ius, and their child is Eslie; Edgar E. mar- 
ried Alaggie Ray, and their children are 
William, Essie, Edgar and Russell: J. 
.\manda is the wife of Joseph Thompson, 
of Paterson, and they are the parents of 
one child, Mildred: the youngest child, 
William S.. is unmarried. 

J. 11. \'an Cleve, the immediate subject 
of this review, received his educational 
training in the public schools of Irvington, 



and at the age of seventeen entered upon 
his business career as a clerk in a grocery 
store, retaining that position for four years, 
when, his father having engaged in the coal 
business, our subject was taken into jiart- 
nership, wliich association continued until 
the father's death, after which J. H. suc- 
ceeded to the business. The latter in- 
herited something of his father's interest 
in public matters and much of his talent for 
executive affairs, demonstrating his aliility 
by serving two terms as president of the 
village of Irvington and one term as trustee 
of the same, and as postmaster during 
Cleveland's first administration. He is 
manager and treasurer of the Clinton 
Cemetery Association, and in his religious 
belief he has been an adherent of the Chris- 
tian church since he was thirteen years old; 
has served as president of the official board, 
has been for eight years superintendent of 
the Sunday school, and is at present one of 
the trustees. Mr. \'an Cleve is well and 
favorably known in his home cit\", and 
stands high in the estimation and regard of 
his manv friends. 


late of Caldwell, was. for nearly a score of 
years, one of the conspicuous characters of 
this locality, where he had built up a large 
practice and enjoyed the reputation of be- 
ing a signally successful physician, and his 
death, which occurred on the nth of Au- 
gust, 1887, was mourned as a public calam- 
ity by the residents of the community. The 
Doctor was born on December 8, 1827, the 
son of William and Elizabeth T. (Halsey) 
Hunter, his grandfather being a Scotch- 
man. Four other sons of William Hunter 
left families distributed throughout south- 
ern New York and New Jersev. 

Dr. C. H. Hunter was educated for the 
medical profession in the old Medical Uni- 
versity of New York, in New York city, 
previous to which he had spent some years 
as a pharmacist and in the drug business. 
He came to Caldwell about thirty years 
ago and here engaged in the practice of 
medicine, gaining a strong foothold on the 
people of the county by reason of his strict 
integrity as well as of his high standing 
in the profession. He was never identified 
with any of the political struggles in the 
cotmty, as it is now remembered, but was 
a quiet, modest citizen and an enthusiastic 
member of the Caldwell Presbyterian 
church. The first few years of Dr. 
Htmter's residence in Caldwell were 
spent in the home of R. C. Camp- 
bell and at the Caldwell Hotel, but 
after his marriage, May 24, 1866, to 
Annie O.. the slaughter of William H. 
and Maria Halsey. of Hanover, New Jersey, 
he moved to the house now occupied by his 
son, Charles Wilfred Hunter, which has 
recently become known as Laurel Hurst. 
It overlooks a large portion of Caldwell and 
the surrounding country and its new 
owner has laid out the grounds with beau- 
tiful drives, retreats and terraces, and it is 
one of the many objects of attraction in the 

Charles Wilfred Hunter, the only surviv- 
ing child of Dr. and Mrs. Hunter, and the 
present owner of Laurel Hurst, was born 
on the 31st of January, 1872, and was edu- 
cated at the Peekskill Military Academy. 
He was married on the 2d of July, 1892, 
to Miss Mabel L. Ward, a daughter of 
Frank F. Ward, and their issue is one 
daughter. Celeste. 

Mr. Hunter occupies his time in the 
management of the large interests inherited 




from his parents and is one of Caldwell's 
most loyal and public-spirited citizens. 


who is now living retired in East Orange, 
was born in Alsfeld, province of Hessen, 
Germany, on the i8th of August, 1828, 
and is a son of John and Anna Cath- 
arine (Schaaf) Zulauf. He acquired his 
education in the district schools of his 
nati\e town and remained a member 
of his parental household until seven- 
teen years of age, when he began to 
learn the carpenter's trade, which he fol- 
lowed for a number of vears. Not tinding 
employment at home profital)le he began 
to look about for a way in which he might 
improve his financial condition, and in so 
doing learned of the opportunities and 
privileges afforded in the Xew World. 
Accordingly, in the autumn of 1850, he 
sailed for .Vmerica, landing on the 29th of 
Octoljer in the city of New York. There 
he fouiKJ employment at the car])enter's 
trade, at which he continued to work for a 
number of years, after which he removed to 
Newark, New Jersey, where he was \arious- 
ly employed. He next spent three vears 
in Pennsylvania, after which he returned to 
this state, taking up his residence in Or- 
ange, where he entered the employ of Dr. 
Pierson, with whom he remained for five 
years. He subsequently engaged in black- 
smithing, which he followed for thirty-four 
years, when, with the ca])ital that he had 
actjuired through his own honorable and 
well directed labors, he retired to ]iri\ate 
life, and is now resting in the enjoyment of 
the fruit of his former toil. 

In 1858 Mr. Zulauf purchased the lot on 
Mulberrv street, now North Clinton street. 

where he has since made his home, and in 
1888 erected his present residence. He 
was married April 2, 1861, to Miss .\nna 
Catherine Ermel, who likewise is a native 
of Germany, and a daughter of Lucas and 
Anna C. Ermel. Their children are 
Charles, who married .\nna Stenhof, of 
Newark, by whom he has two children, 
Charles and Annie: Annie, wife of Freder- 
ick Stenhof, of Newark, l:)y whom she has 
one child, Elizabeth; Eliza1:)eth, who mar- 
ried Christian Berge and has one child, 
Catharine Sophia; Henry, Lewis and 
George. — all now deceased. 

Politically, Mr. Zulauf is a Republican, 
unfaltering in his support of the principles 
of the party. He and his wife hold mem- 
Ijership in the Evangelical Lutheran 
church. His career has been one of indus- 
try, usefulness and uprightness, and he has 
the respect of business and social acquaint- 
ances who esteem him highly for his many 
admirable qualities. He w-ell deserves the 
rest that is now crowning his labors as the 
fitting reward of his many years of faithful 



chief engineer of the Newark fire dejiart- 
ment, has Ijeen connected with this depart- 
ment of the city service for twenty-seven 
years, and his record is an untarnished one. 
For fourteen years he has occupied the 
position of chief, and his services in this 
direction are inestimable. A well organ- 
izeil fire department is one of the greatest 
safeguards and most indispensable depart- 
ments of a city. The constant watchful- 
ness, the readiness to face any emergency, 
the alertness in times of danger, are a bul- 
wark of safety whose worth is incalculable; 
and \et the majority of citizens never stop 



to consider how much is due to the well 
organized department and to the brave men 
who risk life in defense of the homes and 
property of others. Standing at the head 
of the system in Newark is Robert Kier- 
sted, a man of strong individuality, force of 
character and sound jndgment, brave, calm 
and collected in the greatest excitement or 
in face of the greatest danger, capable of 
directing the movements of the men and 
rendering the most etifective service. 

Mr. Kiersted was born in the city which 
is still his home, May 9, 1846. His father. 
Aaron Kiersted, was born in Hanover, Xew 
Jersey, but spent much of his life in New- 
ark, where he died at the age of sixty-four 
years, passing away in 1890. He was of 
Holland Dutch descent, and married Han- 
nah \'on Wagoner. Robert Kiersted, the 
eldest of their six children, acquired his 
education in the public schools of Newark, 
and during the civil war enlisted for nine 
months' service as a member of Company 
B, Twenty-sixth New Jersey Infantry. On 
the expiration of that term he reenlisted 
for three years' service as a member of 
Company F. Third New Jersey Cavalry, 
and with the army of the Potomac partici- 
pated in all the engagements from the bat- 
tle of Fredericksburg until the close of the 
war. He was a tirave and gallant soldier, 
and returned home with an honorable mili- 
tary record. 

Soon after his arrival in Newark, in Aug- 
ust. 1865, Mr. Kiersted began learning the 
trade of carpenter and followed that pursuit 
until 1870, when he became a member of 
Truck No. I, of the Newark hre dejjan- 
ment. He remained with that truck until 
his promotion to the responsible position 
of chief engineer, on the loth of January, 
1885. Imporlanl improvements have been 

maile in the tire department since he lie- 
came chief: the call system has been abol- 
ished, and the Gamewell Fire Alarm Sys- 
tem adopted: an electrical plant, second to 
none in the United States, has been pro- 
vided at a cost of twenty thousand dollars, 
and a jiermanent department has been es- 
tablished for organizing and drilling forces, 
the training school at the Turnverein on 
William street being used for this purpose. 
The city of Newark has demonstrated its 
pride in the superior service of Chief Kier- 
sted. and he is recognized as one being in 
all things the peer of any chief in the coun- 
trv. He is constantly studying how to im- 
]irove the system, and his thought and 
judgment have brought forth many excel- 
lent ideas whose practical utility have been 
put to the test. 

Fraternally, IMr. Kiersted is connected 
with Kearny Post, No. i, G. A. R., and of 
Eureka Lodge. No. 29, A. F. & A. M. He 
was married May 3, 1869, to Miss Henri- 
etta, daughter of George Wilson, of Pomp- 
ton, New Jersev. They now have two 
sons: George, agent for the Prudential In- 
surance Company, and Harry, telegraph 
operator on the hre-department force. 


one of the leading architects of Newark, 
was born in New Hope, Pennsylvania, on 
the 13th of June, 1851. The Elys in this 
country are descendants of three ancestors: 
Nathaniel Ely, who settled in Springfield. 
Massachusetts, in 1628 or 1630: Richard. 
who located at Lynn, Connecticut, in 1660: 
and loshua. who established a home in 
Trenton. .New jersey, in 1685. The last 
named is the ancestor of the i'llys in Essex 
county. New Jersey. The fact that three 



of the name came to this country in early 
colonial days has given rise to the tradi- 
tional theory of three brothers; hut investi- 
gation does not warrant this conclusion; 
for Richard came from the extreme south 
of England. Joshua from a district north of 
the center, and fifty-five years elapsed be- 
tween their respective emigrations. 

Joshua Ely came from Dunham. Not- 
tinghamshire. England, in 1683. and pur- 
chased four hundred acres of land in what 
was then called Burlington count}'. Xew 
Jerse}-. The lot on which the state house 
in Trenton now stands adjoins his tract on 
the south. He arrived in this countrv with 
his wife and three sons, Joshua, George and 
John, the last named being l:)orn on the 
\'o\age. Three other children were born in 
this country: Hugh, Elizabeth and Sarah. 
The mother died in 1698 and the father af- 
terward married Rachel Lee. by whom he 
had two children, Benjamin and Ruth, 
twins. Joshua Ely died in 170J. Xo ac- 
count of the descendants of his eldest son. 
Joshua, is obtainable. George is the an- 
cestor of the sul)ject of this review. John, 
the third son, lias numerous descendants 
now living in southern New Jersey: and 
some of the descendants of Hugh, the 
fourth son. are living in this section of the 
state, and some in Maryland. 

Joshua Ely, the eldest son of George and 
Jane (Pebbit) Ely, was Ijorn March 10, 
1704, and married Elizabeth Bell. Both 
w ere members of the Society of Friends, to 
which Mrs. Jane Ely also belonged; and 
Jiishua became an approved minister of 
that society. He took up his residence in 
Salisbury township, Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1737. reared seven children, and 
died in 1783. His son Joshua, who was 
born May 28, 1738. married Sarah Sim- 

cock, and after her death wedded Margaret 
Ixichards. By the first union there were 
five children, the second of whom. Asher 
Ely. was born July 11. 1768. and married 
Eleanor Holcombe, by whom he had nine 
children. The eldest child of that family 
was John H. Ely. who was born March 6, 
1792. married Elizabeth Pownall, and after 
her death wedded Elizabeth Kipel. 

Five children were born of the second 
■marriage, the second of w hom was .Matthias 
Cowell Ely. the father of the subject of this 
rex'iew. He was engaged in the lumber 
business in Pennsylvania from 1852 until 
i860, when he turned his attention to farm- 
ing, which he followed in different places in 
New Jersey. The last twenty years of his 
life were spent as superintendent of con- 
struction of the .Morris Plains Asylum, and 
he died in 1895. while filling that position. 
He married Kizziah Stackhouse, and to 
them were Ijorn the following named: John 
H.. Amy A., Lewis C.. Kizziah, wife of ex- 
Senator Ashley, of ^\'akefield, Massachu- 
setts; Matthias C., secretary to Mayor Sey- 
mour, of Newark; Rebecca C., wife of Jos- 
eph R. Harring. of Morris Plains. New Jer- 
sey; and Sadie G. 

John H. Ely was liberally educated in the 
schools of New Jersey, and wdien he at- 
tained his majority he left home and fitted 
himself for his life w ork by learning the car- 
penter"s trade, which he followed for some 
years, and in his leisure hours engaged in 
the study of architecture. He came to 
Newark fifteen years ago and since has de- 
voted his attention to architectural design- 
ing and contracting. He and his son Wil- 
son C.. designed the Newark City Hospital, 
the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and the Peo- 
ple's Bank, of Brooklyn, and other build- 
ings of importance, and is an expert in his 



line, commanding a liberal patronage and 
winning high commendation by his skill 
and proficiency. 

Mr. Ely has been very prominent in the 
municipal affairs of Newark, and has been 
a leader in thought and action, earnestly 
laboring for all interests that will advance 
the welfare and prosperity of the locality. 
In 1 891 he was elected on the Democratic 
ticket a member of the city council, and in 
1894 was reelected. On the organization 
of that body in 1895 he was unanimously 
elected president, and as such used his of- 
ficial power to promote many causes of ma- 
terial benefit to the city. He served on all 
the important committees of the council 
and lent his influence to the work of prog- 
ress, improvement and reform. He also 
served for two years as trustee of the City 
Home. He is noted for his activity in ad- 
vocating and promoting the building of the 
city hospital, in passing an ordinance regu- 
lating the construction of buildings, fought 
the redistricting of the city in the courts, 
but was defeated, and tested in the courts 
the law empowering the mayor to appoint 
councilmen to fill vacancies and won his 

Mr. Ely was married in Cranberry Neck, 
Mercer county. New Jersey, in 187 1, to 
Miss Lydia Helen, daughter of Dr. Ezekiel 
Wilson, whose father, the Rev. Peter Wil- 
son, was on the circuit embracing Hights- 
town, Hamilton Square and Trenton early 
in this century. The Doctor's second wife 
was Hannah Bergen, a sister of Judge Ber- 
gen, of Dutch Neck, IMercer county, Penn- 
sylvania. To Mr. and Mrs. Ely have been 
bom a son and daughter, Wilson C, his 
father's partner in business, and Ida Mav. 
Mr. Ely is a memlier of the Masonic. Odd 
Fellows and Knights of Pythias fraternities. 

In social and business circles he is highly 
esteemed for that sterling worth which 
everywhere commands respect, and his pub- 
lic and private life are alike above reproach. 


is one of the successful business men of 
Essex county, yet his prosperity is not the 
result of fortunate circumstances. It has 
come to him through energy and persever- 
ance directed by an evenly balanced mind, 
and by honorable business principles. He 
has made the most of his opportunities, and 
has steadily worked his way upward until 
he has left the ranks of the many to stand 
among the successful few. 

Born in New York city, on the 17th of 
January, 1847, Mr. Shrump is a son of 
Louis and Christina Shrump, who were na- 
tives of Germany and came to America in 
1845, taking up their residence in the me- 
tropolis of the east. The father was a 
skilled stone-cutter and followed contract- 
ing in that line in New York. He died in 
1873. but his widow is still living. The 
son, Fred W. Shrump, was reared and edu- 
cated in Montclair, and on attaining his 
majority became a contractor and builder, 
having learned the stone-cutter's trade un- 
der the direction of his father. 

In 1872 Mr. Shrump purchased a large 
stone quarry in West Orange township, Es- 
sex county, where he owns thirty-six acres 
of land. The quarry produces a high grade 
of brown-stone, which finds a ready market 
in the cities in this section of the country. 
It has been used in the construction of many 
of the prominent buildings of New York 
and Brooklyn, including Grace church at 
Montclair, Grace church at Orange, Father 
McCartv's church in Brooklyn, the first 



church in Caldwell, built in 1871. A. T. 
Stewart's church and school at Garden 
City. Long Island, and many other build- 
ings. The quarry is seemingly inexhausti- 
lile. running about two hundred feet deep, 
with about twenty feet of dirt and shale 01 ; 
top. The plant is supplied with all modern 
appliances, and from thirty to sixty men are 
employed at the quarry in getting out the 
stone and doing all the other work in dress- 
ing and preparing it for the building. The 
building is fifty by one hundred and ten 
feet, and the engine room, with fifty-five 
horse-power engine, is twenty-five by thirty 
feet. The quarry produces some very large 
stones, some having been taken out which 
weigh twenty-five tons. The industry has 
become a very important one in Essex 
county, and in its operation Mr. Shrump 
has attained a well merited success. His 
btisiness methods are straightforward and 
honorable and ever above question, and 
thus has he won the public confidence, and 
in consequence the public support. 

In 1869 Mr. Shrump was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Amanda J. W'akeman, a na- 
tive of Bloomfield, and a daughter of Rich- 
ard B. W'akeman. a native of Ulster county. 
New York. The following children have 
come to bless their union: Charley, Frank, 
Frederick, Henry, Christina and Lillie. 
Widely known in Essex county, the family 
have many friends, and their home is the 
center of a cultured society circle. 

Mr. Shrump is also a prominent factor in 
political circles, a stanch advocate of Re- 
publican principles, and has served as a 
member of the county committee. He was 
for three years a tnember of the township 
committee, and was the means of securing 
the good roads they now have here, and 
which he secured after fighting much op- 

position. He is the inventor of the Knox 
system of blasting, which enables anyone 
to blast rock in any shape or size without 
breaking it all up. He has also contracted 
for and built all of the large stone bridges 
of the county. 


There are no rules for building charac- 
ters: there is no rule for achieving success. 
The man who can rise from the ranks to a 
leading position in any line is he who can 
see and utilize the opportunities that sur- 
round his path. The essential conditions 
of human life are ever the same, the sur- 
roundings of individuals differ but slightly: 
and when one man passes another on the 
highway to reach the goal of prosperity be- 
fore others who perhaps started out before 
him, it is because he has the power to use 
advantages which probably encompass the 
whole human race. It is this pow-er w-hich 
has made Mr. Melville one of the leading 
contractors and builders of South Orange, 
and enabled him to maintain a place in the 
foremost rank among the business men of 
this section of the state. 

He is a native of Scotland, born July 13. 
1822, and is a son of Alexander Melville 
and Agnes (Robertson) Melville. His par- 
ents were also natives of the same country, 
and came to America in 1838, landing, on 
the 2d of January, in New York city, where 
they spent their remaining days. The fath- 
er was a stone-cutter by trade and became 
one of the extensive contractors in New 
York city, being an expert in the line of his 
chosen work. 

The subject of this review obtained his 
education both in Scotland and in New 
York city. After attaining his majority he 


learned the carpenter's trade, which he fol- 
lowed in New York until the war, when he 
responded to the call of his adopted coun- 
try, joining the Union army. His service 
was in the line of his trade, and he went to 
Charleston, South Carolina, where he was 
engaged in the erection of a prison on Mor- 
ris island, in which southern prisoners were 
to be ])laced. This was never used, how- 
ever, as an exchange of prisoners between 
the two armies was effected. Mr. Melville 
then went to Augusta, Georgia, and on to 
Florida, continuing in the south until the 
close of the war. He was also governor of 
the guards in New York city for ten years. 

When the war was over ^Ir. Melville re- 
turned to the north, and in July. 1867. came 
to South Orange, where he worked as a 
journeyman for a time. For twenty years, 
however, he has carried on business as a 
general contractor, and has succeeded in 
securing a liberal patronage. He has been 
prominently connected with the upbuilding 
of South Orange, where many monuments 
in the shape of fine public buildings and 
private residences, stand as monuments to 
his thrift and enterprise. He took the 
contract for the erection of the First Pres- 
byterian church, the town hall, the Decker 
building, the new postoffice building, and 
high school building, together with many 
others of more or less note in the town. 
His business principles commend him to 
the confidence of all. and his excellent 
workmanship has secured to him a liberal 

In 1870 Mr. Melville was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Margaret Boe, a native of 
Scotland, who came to this country with 
her parents when a child of two years. 1 ler 
father. David Boe, died some years since, 
but her mother, Mrs. Elizabeth (.\nderson) 

Boe, is still a resident of South Orange. 
Mr. and Mrs. Melville have two children: 
Alexander Duncan, who is engaged with 
the Lehigh Coal Company, of Newark, and 
Elizabeth, at home. 

Mr. Melville has been prominent in nni- 
nicipal affairs, and has filled a numlier of 
offlces in a most credital:)le manner. For 
nine years he' was town councilman., and 
for sexen years acted as chairman of the 
council. He votes with the Democracx'. 
and is a stanch advocate of JelYersonian 
principles. He and his wife are members 
of the First Presbyterian church of South 
Orange, and are prominent in the social 
circles of the city, occupying an enviable 
position where true worth and intelligence 
are received as the passports into good so- 


proprietor of the F5elmont Avenue Pottery, 
of Newark, and a leading business man, 
was born in Roemershag. in the kreis of 
Unterfranken, Bavaria, June 27, 1842. His 
parents were John Baptist and Katherine 
Schaetzlein Gerhard, and his paternal 
grandparents were Daniel and Eve Gerhard. 
The grandfather was a potter by trade, ami 
a ver}' successful business man. His father 
was a native of Baumbach. near Coblentz, 
in the i)rovince of Nassau. Prussia, and by 
trade also a potter. He engaged in the 
manufacture of jugs, used in transporting 
mineral waters from the celebrated springs 
of Bad-Brueckenau and Kissingen, Bavaria, 
at the instance of King Maximilian I., of 
liavaria. who was the owner of the springs. 
Accordingly. Mr. Gerhard removed his 
familv to Roemershag. where he estab- 
lished his i)ottery and carried on a very 



profitable business, which was Iianded 
flown to his son. Daniel Gerhard. 

The latter, having learned his trarle un- 
der the directions of his father, became his 
successor at the father's death by right of 
entailment, and also enjoyed tlie same roy- 
alty and other government privileges which 
had been granted to his father. He mar- 
ried and had a family of five children, as 
follows: (ieorge Joseijh. Theresa. John 
liaptist, Margarey and Josephine. lioth 
the sons learned the potter's trade in their 
father's establishment and succeeded to the 
business and rovalties which had been 
granted by the crown. In 184.' they re- 
cei\-ed the contract for jugs for the trans- 
portation of the celebrated Friedrichshaller 
Bitterwasser at Friedrichshall. Saxony, and 
a few years later built a factory there, be- 
cause the consumption of the Bitterwasser 
had so increased that the capacity of tlie 
Roemershag factory was inadequate to su])- 
l)ly the demand. This contract lasted until 
i8f8. when the owners of the well (Oppel 
& Coni])any) conmienced to use .glass liot- 
tles in place of stone jugs. The father of 
our subject reached the age of sixty- 
seven years, while his wife i)assed away at 
the age of forty-seven. They had a family 
of nine children: August, \\ho died at the 
age of five years: Frank Joseph of this re- 
view is the oldest living; Bertha became 
the wife of Joseph Dorn, and they had sev- 
en children, one of whom. Rudol]>h. was a 
graduate of Munich University, came to 
.\merica in 1893 to visit the World's I'air 
at Chicago, but afterward retiu-ued to his 
native land. J*ldvvard. who lives on the old 
homestead, has served as mayor of Roem- 
ershag (which is merely an honorary posi- 
tion) for several terms, and so had his father 
and also his grandfather held the same of- 

hce in the same old liomestead. He is 
married and has three children: Eniil, who 
married and had three children, died at the 
age of forty-five years; Henry, of Roemer- 
shag. is married and has nine children; 
Louis is married and has a large family; 
Lothar died at the age of twenty-five, and 
Leonora died at the age of three years. 

Mr. Gerhard, whose name introduces this 
review, obtained his education in the 
schools of his native town, in Saxony, in 
France, in the evening school under the 
former Principal and late Mayor Haynes, 
and in Bryant & Stratton's Business College, 
of Newark. He learned the trade which 
had for more than a century been the occu- 
pation of the family, and became an ex])ert 
potter. He assisted his father in his ])ot- 
teries until 1870, when glass bottles took 
the place of stone jugs: then he bade adieu 
to his friends and home and crossed the At- 
lantic, landing in Xew \'ork. Octoljer 31, 
. 1870. Settling in Newark, he here secured 
employment at his trade. In 1873 he be- 
gan business on bis own accoiuit. but the 
enterprise was not successful, and in conse- 
(juence he again took up his trade as a jour- 
neyman. In 1877 he once more estab- 
lished a pottery of his own. the location 
chosen being Belmont avenue, where he 
has since been established. Prosperity at- 
tended his undertaking, and he has built up 
a' business which returns to him a good in- 

Mr. Gerhard was married in Xew York 
city in St. Xicholas" Roman Catholic 
church. January 17. 1875, to Miss The- 
resa Roser, a daughter of John Joseph and 
Margaret Josephine (Straub) Roser, both 
natives of Brueckenau, Bavaria. ^Ir. and 
Mrs. Gerhard had two children: Catherine 
B. H., born January 15, 1878, now a stu- 




dent in the Normal School of Xewark: ami 
John Francis Joseph, who was born on 
March 19, 1880, and died Febrnary 27. 
1885. The family are members of St. 
Peter's Catholic church, of Newark, and in 
politics Mr. Gerhard is a Republican. He 
was appointed to fill out an unexpired term 
as alderman, and discharged his tluties with 
marked fidelity. 


During- a residence of four score years 
in Essex county the subject of this biogra- 
phy has gained distinctive recognition as 
one of the leading men of this section of 
the state. His life has been quiet, modest 
and unassuming. His prominence is due 
to the possession of those sterling quali- 
ties which everywhere command respect, — 
honesty in business, justice in public life, an 
unfailing courtesy in social circles, and a 
record that must ever be a source of satis- 
faction and pride to his descendants. 

He bears the name of one of Scotland's 
most renowned heroes, and his father, also 
bearing that name, was born in the land of 
hills and heather. His native city was Glas- 
gow and his natal day, October 29, 1757. 
In 1775, when eighteen years of age, he 
bade adieu to the home and friends of his 
youth and sailed for the new world, taking 
up his residence in Savannah, Georgia, 
where an enterprise he had contemplated 
promised to meet with splendid success. 
Before he had completed his business plans, 
however, he joined the colonial forces and 
battled for the freedom of the colonies. 
Joining a Georgia regiment of cavalry, he 
took an active and gallant part in the con- 
test, until, in the midst of battle, he was cap- 
tured and imprisoned in a British ship on 

the Sa\ annah river. He djd not regain his 
freetlom until the war was ended, and the 
independence of the nation was proclaimed 
by the force of arms. Thus set at liberty, 
he retm-ncd to his home and business and 
within a few years he was established in a 
large and constantly growing mercantile 

Near the close of the century William 
Wallace, Sr., was united in marriage to 
Aliss Sarah Clay, a daughter of Joseph 
Clay, an officer in the commissary depart- 
ment of the Continental army, who from 
1778 to 1780 was a member of the conti- 
nental congress. Not long after his mar- 
riage Mr. Wallace determined to carry into 
efl:'ect a resolution, formed many years be- 
fore, of retiring from business when he had 
secured a competency. Accordingly, in 
1805, having brought to a close his exten- 
sive business interests in the south, he left 
Georgia with his family and visited most 
of the towns of New England, as well as 
many settlements along the Hudson river 
and throughout New Jersey, in search of 
a home in which to spend the residue of his 
life. Noting the advantages and disad- 
\antages of the various places visited, he 
finally determined upon Newark on account 
of the beauty of its situation as well as of 
the superiority of its schools and the char- 
acter of its people. He purchased property 
on Broad street and erected the beautiful 
home now owned, and occupied by Hon. 
Cortlandt Parker. He also erected the resi- 
dence on Park Place in which Hon. Fred- 
erick T. Frelinghuysen spent the last years 
of his life. In addition to this he owned 
other property of great value in Newark 
and vicinity. It was not long after he be- 
came a resident of Newark that he was 
made a director in the Newark Banking & 

// ^ &. //^^t^^^i^i^t^^::^^ 



Insurance Company, a great honor in those 

His life was formulated according to the 
plan laid down by the Great Teacher, — 
charity, benevolence, justice, kindliness and 
honor forming the basis of his character. 
He died December 20, 1842, at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-five years. 

William C. Wallace, whose name intro- 
duces this review, has now passed the age 
at which his father's pilgrimage of life end- 
ed, but his strong mental powers are unim- 
paired and he yet enjoys good health. He 
was born in Savannah, Georgia, on the 4th 
of July, 1804, and accompanied his parents 
on their removal to Newark. His prepara- 
tory education was conducted with great 
care in the best schools of the day, and at 
the age of sixteen he entered the College 
of New Jersey, at Princeton, being gradu- 
ated in that institution with the class of 
1823. He is now the oldest living gradu- 
ate of that university. 

In early manhood he engaged in mercan- 
tile pursuits in the city of New York, with 
the well known firm of Leroy Bayard & 
Company, l)ut ill health compelled him to 
retire, and during the latter years of his 
father's life he devoted himself to the en- 
tire management of the estate which his 
father had acquired. Like that honored 
gentleman he has always preferred to live 
quietl}' and without displav- He has al- 
ways avoided public positions and it was 
with difficulty that he was persuaded to be- 
come a director in the National Newark 
Banking Company, of which institution his 
father was one of the earliest officers. 

On the 29th day of April, 1833, Mr. Wal- 
lace was imited in marriage to Miss Hen- 
rietta Riggs, a daughter of Caleb Riggs. 
Their family consisted of four children, as 

follows: William, Sarah, Mary Collins, and 

Mr. Wallace spends the summer months 
in Chatham, where he has a beautiful sum- 
mer home, and for many years he was an 
elder of the Presbyterian church there. 
The New Jersey Historical Society num- 
bers him among its members and to its 
support he has contributed regularlv and 
liberally. He has been the benefactor of 
many other institutions, but his giving is 
known only to himself. Entirely free from 
ostentation, without self-seeking, he is a 
true American citizen, loyal to his country, 
his church and his friends. 


Gifts of money to a city may be used in 
its adornment and add to its beauty and 
attractiveness; but the man who founds 
and keeps in successful operation extensive 
business interests, wherein are employed 
many workmen, does much more for the 
su])stantial and permanent development of 
the city than he whose generosity is mani- 
fest in the other way. Commercial activity 
is the life of a community, and it is the 
wheels of trade which continue o\er the 
road to success. Mr. Moft^et, in his indus- 
trial interests, was for some years numbered 
among the leading citizens of Bloomfield, 
and by the management of his industry not 
only added to his individual possessions but 
also materially increased the prosperity of 
the city. His life was one of great activity, 
energy and perse\erance, and these quali- 
ties ha\e gained him prestige in business 

Mr. Moffet was horn in the city of New 
York, on the 22d of .\ugust, 1836. His 
father, James Gardner Moffet, also a native 



of that place, born August 4, 1 801, married 
Miss Maria Benson, a native of New Jersey 
and a daughter of WilHam Benson. He 
established a factory for the manufacture 
of whalebone, slat ribs and fastenings for 
umbrellas, and successfully continued its 
operation for several years, but in 1830 be- 
gan the manufacture of sheet brass and 
German silver and ail kinds of metal plat- 
ing. For some time the rolling mill was 
operated by water power, and the first 
roller was only twelve by twenty-four inch- 
es; but as the business grew and the trade 
increased, the primitive machinery was re- 
placed by the most modern equipments. 
Heavy rollers were put in, boilers were pur- 
chased, and from a water-power the plant 
was transformed into a steam-power mill. 
The trade steadily increased until the prod- 
ucts were shipped to all the principal mar- 
kets of the United States and Europe, and 
the income from the enterprise was ver\' 
large. Air. Mofifet carried on the business 
until within a short time of his death, and 
left to his family a valuable estate. He 
passed away January 13. 1887. His father 
was a ship-builder, who was accidentally 
killed in South Carolina. At an early age 
he learned the trade of cabinet-maker and 
undertaker, and for several years followed 
the furniture and undertaking business. 
The beginnings of his commercial interests 
were small, but he possessed great discre- 
tion, keen foresight, untiring energy and 
strong determination, and by the e.xercise 
of these qualities steadily worked his way 
upward to a commanding position in the 
world of trade, and demonstrated that suc- 
cess is not the result of genius, as some 
would believe, but the legitimate result of 
honorable, persistent and earnest effort. 
James Moffet. whose name begins this 

article, acquired his early education in the 
schools of his native city, and afterward 
attended a select school taught by Rev. 
Da\'id A. Frame, a noted educator, in what 
was then West Bloomfield, but is now 
IMontclair. On leaving school he learned 
the trade of plumbing and gas-fitting, thor- 
oughly mastering that business in all its de- 
tails, and following the trade until the death 
of his father, when he took charge of the 
Bloomfield Rolling Alills, establishing his 
ofifice at No. 157 Wooster street. New York, 
where the greater part of the business was, 
and is even yet, transacted. Shipments are 
made to various parts of the United States 
and also to European countries. Sheet, 
rolled and platers' brass and German silver 
are manufactured on an extensi\e scale, and 
the business has now assumed mannnoth 
proportions, l:)eing one of the leading indus- 
trial concerns of the city. The enterprise 
has a most enviable reputation for reliabil- 
ity in all trade tran.sactions, and Mr. Moffet 
not only regarded the ethics of connnerce 
in his relations to his patrons, but was 
also extremely fair and just in his treatment 
of his employees, who recognized the fact 
that faithful service on their part would not 
go unnoticed. Init would receive proper 
recognition as opportunity arrived. 

For many years Mv. Moffet was con- 
nected with the New York fire department, 
belonging to the hook and ladder company 
from 1857 to 1876. He was a Repul)lican 
in politics, and accorded to others the right 
he reserved for himself of settling all such 
(piestions according to his own opinions. 
There was nothing narrow or ctrntvactcd in 
his nature, being a broad-mindeil. practical 
and progressive business man, true to life's 
duties, meeting fully its responsibilities, and 
thus winning the esteem of all witli whom 



he came in contact. 
September 15, 1897. 

His death occurred 


is now Hving a retired Hfe in South Orange. 
His career has been one of usefulness, 
characterized by the strictest honesty in 
business relations, and therefore he has 
won for himself an honored name and re- 
ceives the respect of the entire commu- 
nity. Born in VVhippany, Morris county, 
New Jersey, he entered on the stage of life's 
activities September 27, 1832. His father, 
William Morrison, was a native of Chani- 
bersburg, Pennsylvania, and was by occu- 
pation a paper manufacturer. He carried 
on business in Feltville, afterward removed 
to Paterson, then lived in Whippany and 
in other places in Pennsylvania, and finally 
went to the west, locating in St. Paul in 
1861. His last days, however, were passed 
in Minneapolis, where he died in 1881. He 
w as united in marriage to Miss Ester Colie, 
a native of Millburn township and a daugh- 
ter of Jacob Colie, who was born in Spring- 
field township, Essex county. Her father, 
in early manhood, married Betsey Smith, 
daughter of William Smith, a representa- 
tive of one of the old and prominent fami- 
lies of New Jersey, living in Millburn town- 
ship, Essex county. Mr. and Mrs. Colie 
were the parents of the following named 
children: Katie, William S., Israel, Ester, 
Aaron. Noah, Daniel, Charles and Moses. 
Noah, who died March 20, 1898, was born 
in Springfield township, on the 7th of Au- 
gust, 1805, lived in South Orange town- 
ship, and was next to the oldest man in 
South Orange, attaining the age of ninety- 
three years. He still retained his faculties 
unimpaired and was well preserved for one 

of his years. In his youth he learned the 
trade of cooper and measure-maker, which 
pursuit he followed through most of his 
life. He was industrious and energetic 
and won the regard of all with whom he 
came in contact. He cast his first presi- 
dential vote for Andrew Jackson, but of 
late years was independent in politics. He 
witnessed the development of the country 
from the early part of the century and saw 
the wonderful changes which have given 
the nation rank among the powers of the 
world and awakened the admiration and 
respect of all foreign countries. This ven- 
erable man was esteemed by young and old, 
rich and poor, and the county honored 
him not alone on account of his years but 
also by reason of his well spent life. 

Mr. Morrison, the subject of this sketch, 
devoted the greater part of his active busi- 
ness life to the shoemaker's trade. He 
learned this in his youth and made it a 
means of providing a livelihood for himself 
and family. Now, after many years of con- 
tinued activity along that line, he has laid 
aside business cares and is resting in the 
enjoyment of the fruits of his former toil. 

In June, 1854, was celebrated the mar- 
riage of Mr. Morrison and Miss Phebe R. 
Hogan, a daughter of Ira Hogan, who was 
a native of South Orange township, Essex 
county, and one of the organizers of the 
county. Five children were born to our 
subject and his wife, of whom three are 
now living, namely: Carrie L., Marion E. 
and Jessie W. Those who have passed 
away are Fred W. and William. 

Mr. Morrison has long given his politi- 
cal support to the Democracy and is a 
stanch advocate of its principles. Socially, 
he is a valued member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, belonging to Century Lodge, No. 



loo, A. F. & A. M., of South Orange, in 
which he has been honored with all the 
official preferments within the gift of his 
brethren of the mystic tie. He is a man of 
broad general information, of uniform 
courtesy and kindly disposition, and the 
strong elements of his character are those 
which universally win regard. 


takes rank as one of the leading florists of 
New Jersey. He resides in South Orange, 
where his gardens and hothouses, supplied 
with all modern accessories and conven- 
iences known to floriculture and containing 
almost ever>' variety of plant cultivated for 
beauty, form a picture that delights the 
most artistic eye. Symmetry in design, 
harmony in color, and the art that has 
reached such perfection that it seems na- 
ture's counterfeit, all lend their charm to 
his place, and make his conservatories and 
grounds renowned far and wide. 

Mr. Manda is a native of Prague. Bo- 
hemia, born on the nth of November, 
1862. His father, Joseph Manda, is now 
living in South Orange. Our subject ac- 
quired his education in his native land. 
where he made a special study of botany, 
spending six years in Vienna, London and 
Paris in mastering that science. On the 
expiration of that period he came to Amer- 
ica and accepted a position as curator in the 
botanical gardens at Harvard University, in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he con- 
tinued for five years. On the expiration of 
that period he resigned that position and 
removed to Short Hills, New Jersey, where 
he began business on his own account as 
a member of the firm of Pitcher & Manda. 
In 1894 this yiartncrship was formed into a 

stock company, and Mr. Manda then with- 
drew, coming to South Orange, where he 
purchased four acres of land adjoining the 
town. This he at once began improving, 
laid out a portion of it in beds, built hot- 
houses, and in a short time had an extensive 
business established, having iiow one of the 
largest distributing depots in the country, 
and keeping on hand the largest variety of 
plants in the United States. He handles 
all kinds of plants, bulbs, fruit trees, seeds, 
and in fact everything grown in greenhouse 
or garden. He imports plants from every 
part of the world, and also ships to many of 
the civilized ports. He takes contracts for 
landscape gardening and employs from 
twenty-five to fifty men in that work and in 
the'care of grounds and plants. His is one 
of the most perfectly equipped establish- 
ments of the kind in the country. The de- 
pot has a cold-storage shed seventy-five by 
thirty feet, while the hothouses, covered 
with twelve thousand feet of glass, are well 
heated and piped for water. He makes a 
specialty of producing new plants and new 
\arieties by crossing, and has placed upon 
the market some fine specimens which have 
excited the wonder and admiration of the 
l)Otanical world. He now has in his hot- 
house a "palm" of the species Cycas revolu- 
ta which came from the Tilden estate, and 
was formerly owned by George Washing- 
ton, being now three hundred years old! 
Mr. Manda does both a wholesale and re- 
tail business and a most enviable success 
has attended his efforts. His comprehen- 
sive knowledge of botany, his love of flow- 
ers and of all plant life, combined with ener- 
gy and enterprise, have enabled him to gain 
prosperity where others have been over- 
taken by failure. 

lie has made a studv of fifiriculturc. and 



will some day probably have the largest 
botanical garden in America. His beauti- 
ful home in Valley street. South Orange, 
is situated in the midst of an acre of ground, 
and the best etiforts of the landscape gard- 
ener have been exercised thereon. Beauti- 
ful e\ergreens and many kinds of flowering 
and ornamental plants adorn the place and 
indicate the owner's love for the most l)eau- 
tiful handiwork of nature. 


is the present representative in Orange of 
a family whose ancestral history is con- 
nected with that of eastern Xew Jersey from 
early colonial days. In the affairs which 
have promoted the welfare and upbuilding 
of the state they have borne an important 
and honorable part, and the untarnished 
name is worthily worn l)y the gentleman 
whose name introduces this review. 

Tradition says that the Reeve family 
originated in France, and authentic histor\' 
gives the settlement of its re])resentati\es 
in Xew Jersey at a very early day, William 
Reeve removing from Long Island to this 
state in the early colonial era. His son. 
also named William, was born in what is 
now Union county, and was a large land- 
owner there. The latter was the father of 
Walter S. Reeve, the grandfather of our 
subject, who was a native of ^forris county. 
New Jersey, born on the loth of January. 
1787. He learned the carpenter's trade*, 
but followed farming the greater ]jart of his 
life, and was the owner of extensi\e landed 
interests in Essex county. In politics he 
was a Whig, and in religious belief a Pres- 
byterian. He took an active part in mat- 
ters pertaining to the public welfare and 
was a very prominent citizen. On the 2i\ 

of December. 1809, he married Sarah Gard- 
ner, who died October 25, 1848. Their 
children were as follows: . Abigail M.. who 
was born October 6, 1813. and died Sep- 
tember 10, 1846, was married January- 28. 
^'^37> to John S. Brown; Isaac Oliver died 
in childhood; Sarah Ann. l)orn Mav 24. 
1 82 1, was married April 7, 1841. to Oriu 
Pierson. and died December 22, 1844; and 
■ Thomas Allen was the other member of the 

Thomas Allen Reeve was born in Mill- 
burn township, Essex county, September i , 
i8]0, and was married February i, 1832, to 
Mrs. Maria Parker Ball. His death oc- 
curred August 14, 1875, and his wife passed 
away on the 9th of February, 1895. Their 
family numbered the following named: Ed- 
ward; Mary, wife of Samuel A. Gardner; 
George, who owns the ancestral home of 
the family; and Sarah, wife of K. Mor, a 
resident of South Orange. 

The members of the Reeve family have 
long been prominent in the social and busi- 
ness circles of Essex county, and two of the 
number rendered their country distin- 
guished service in the war of the Revolution, 
Isaac ser\ing as captain in the war for inde- 
pendence, while John also joined the Amer- 
ican army and sustained a wound w'hile 
fighting for his country, being at the time 
engaged in the battle near EHzabeth, only 
a short distance from the Reeve homestead, 
w hich place was afterward called Vox Hall, 
the headquarters of the militia post, while 
the country immediately surrounding it is 
yet called \'ox Hall. Another member of 
the family who attained distinction is W'att 
Reeve, the musician and composer. man\' 
of whose hymns are still sung. 

The heirlooms which have come down to 
the present generation are many. Our 



siiljjcct now has in his possession man\- In- 
dian relics and relics of the Revolution, 
which were obtained near \'ox Hall Post 
and the old farm, together with the will of 
his great-grandfather, which bears date 
September 20, 1822, and was recorded in 
Essex county. 

A native of Millburn township, Edward 
Reeve, has spent his entire life in Essex 
county, remaining on the home farm during 
his youth, and his time being divided be- 
tween play and work, and attendance at the 
public school. After attaining his major- 
ity he married Miss Amanda Elizabeth 
Smith, a native of Essex county, and a 
daughter of Harvey E. Smith. 

Mr. Reeve is regarded as one of the most 
progressive and enterprising business men 
of Orange, and has been connected with 
many of its leading commercial pursuits. 
For a time he was proprietor of a meat mar- 
ket, and at various periods has engaged in 
the hotel business. He is now the owner 
of the Central Hotel, of Orange, and has 
made it one of the best hotels in the eastern 
part of the state, supplied with all modern 
conveniences and accessories for the com- 
fort of the traveling public : this he owned 
and operated until 1884, since which time 
the propert}' has been leased. In business 
affairs he is energetic, persevering and pro- 
gressive, and carries forward to successful 
completion whatever he undertakes. 

In the discharge of all the duties of citi- 
zenship Mr. Reeve is as true and faithful as 
when he followed the old flag on southern 
battle-fields. During the civil war he 
manifested his loyalty to the Union cause 
by enlisting in the Twenty-sixth New Jer- 
sey Infantry, and for nine months remained 
in the service, participating in the battles of 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and a 

numljer of skirmishes. His political sup- 
port has ever been given to the Republican 
party, and in his social relations he is a 
Mason. His pleasant, genial manner 
makes him a favorite in all circles, and his 
sterling worth commands the confidence 
and regard of all with whom he is brought 
in contact. 


There is no more honorable or highly 
esteemed representative of the business in- 
terests of Essex county in South Orange 
than this gentleman, who has spent almost 
his entire life here. For many years he has 
been known for his sterling qualities, his 
fearless loyalty to his honest convictions 
and his clear-headedness, discretion and 
tact in commercial circles, and South 
Orange well numbers him among her lead- 
ing and representative men. 

Mr. Galbraith was Ijorn on the i6th of 
January, 1834, in England, and is a .son of 
James Galbraith, a native of Scotland, who 
emigrated with his family to America in 
1837, and took up his residence in Penn- 
sylvania, where he remained for two years. 
He then removed to Newark, New Jersey, 
and established himself in business as a flor- 
ist and gardener at the corner of what is 
now High and Warren streets. He was 
a leader in his line, and his thorough mas- 
tery of the business and untiring industry 
brought to him a good patronage. He was 
joined in wedlock\vith Miss Mary Hill, and 
they became the parents of five children, 
namely: Margaret, Benjamin, William, 
Jane and John. The father died at the age 
of eighty years and the mother passed away 
at the advanced age of eighty-nine. Their 
three sons all learned the jeweler's trade. 


Coming to New Jersey in his early boy- 
liood. John Galbraith, of this review, has 
spent almost his entire life within the bor- 
ders of this state, and the commonwealth 
can find no more loyal son. He was reared 
in Newark, and as his father's assistant be- 
came familiar with floriculture and garden- 
ing in early life. Upon attaining his ma- 
jority, however, he learned the jeweler's 
trade, and for a considerable period en- 
gaged in business in that line; but the close 
confinement of the store at length forced 
him to close out his interests, and he once 
more turned his attention to the pursuits 
which occupied his time in his youth. Re- 
moving to South Orange, he purchased 
three acres of land, known as the old Beach 
homestead, and is now extensively engaged 
in raising flowers and ornamental plants. 
He has commodious and well appointed 
greenhouses, supplied with all modern con- 
veniences for the most successful conduct 
of the business, and his capable manage- 
ment of his work, combined with honor- 
able dealing, has won for him a liberal pat- 
ronage, of which he is well deserving. 

Mr. Galbraith led to the marriage altar 
Miss Catherine Howell, a native of New- 
ark, and a daughter of Stephen Howell, 
who was also born in the same city. He 
belonged to one of the old families of Essex 
county and lived to see the greater part of 
the development of Newark. His family 
was represented in the colonial army by 
several of the name, who served with dis- 
tinction in the cause for independence. On 
the maternal side Mrs. Galbraith is con- 
nected with the Drakes, also one of the old 
and prominent families of Essex county. 
By her marriage she has become the 
mother of four children, namely: Marv E., 
at home; Charles H., who is living in South 

Orange; Harvey G., who makes his home 
in the same city; and Frederick S., who is 
still with his parents. 


of the firm of Eowler & Kaufmann, East 
Orange, New Jersey, is what may truly be 
styled a self-made man. As such, it is but 
fitting that personal mention be made of 
him in this work, devoted as it is to a re- 
view of the lives of the representative men 
and women of Essex county. 

Albert Kaufmann is a German, born in 
Carlsruhe, Baden, July i6, 1858, son of 
Carl and Louisa (Rau) Kaufmann, the for- 
mer of German descent and the latter of 
French. The history of the Kaufmann 
family shows many men of note, — men who 
held responsible positions in the govern- 
ment. Henry Lang, an uncle of our sub- 
ject, was at one time mayor of Carlsruhe. 
The younger Carl Kaufmann, the father of 
our subject, was a hotelkeeper and brewer. 
He and his wife both died in early life, leav- 
ing two little children, Albert and Carl, 
the former then only two years old. At 
this tender age, deprived of both father and 
mother's love and protection, the little or- 
phans were placed in an orphans" home, 
where they remained until they were four- 
teen, during that time, when of proper age, 
attending the public schools. After leav- 
ing this institution, Albert Kaufmann 
learned the art of fresco-painting and dec- 
orating, and while thus occupied spent his 
evenings in attending a commercial school. 
At seventeen he left Carlsruhe and trav- 
eled through Berlin, Hamburg, and many 
other of the principal cities of Germany, as 
well as those of Switzerland and France, 
perfecting himself in his art by study and 



work in these cities. In 1881 he sailed 
from Hamburg for New York, whither he 
arrived in due time and where he spent 
eight months. Then he traveled exten- 
sively through the large cities of the west. 
Finallv he returned east and established 
himself in business at Jersey City Heights, 
where he continued until 1888. when he 
came to East Orange. Here he has since 
conducted a successful business. The pres- 
ent firm of Fowler & Kaufmann was estab- 
lished January i. 1897. 

Mr. Kaufmann is unmarried. He is an 
attendant at the German Lutheran church. 


who has been conspicuously identified with 
the business interests of Franklin, as. both 
boy and man, for over half a century, was 
born in his home city on the 5th of March. 
1830, and is a son of William and Jane 
( Pier) Lane. His mother was born January 
20, 1807. William Lane was also born in 
Caldwell township, September 10, 1804, 
and was a son of Henry Lane. He fol- 
lowed the occupation of carpenter until his 
death, which occurred February 19, 1890, 
at the venerable age of eighty-six years. 
His wife died in the same year, when eighty- 
three years old. The children born to this 
worthy couple were : George Lane, of 
Newark; Maria, widow of W. R. Cougar; 
Isaac, our subject: Esther, Sarah and Caro- 
line, the three latter being deceased. 

Isaac Lane obtained but little literary ed- 
ucation, his parents being in meager cir- 
cumstances. — a fact that compelled him 
early in life to seek employment, thereby 
gaining that self-reliance and business acu- 
men that characterized his subsequent ca- 
reer, llis first situation was with the firm 

of Bush & Campbell, a predecessor of Lane 
& Lockward, and here he worked as a 
stripper, earning twenty-five cents a hun- 
dred pounds. He continued with this firm 
and its successors, becoming thoroughly 
accjuainted with the tobacco business in all 
its departments, and eventually, in 1866, 
acquiring an interest as a partner. (This 
tobacco factory has been in operation ever 
since 1806.) Llis devotion to this one line 
of industry has not permitted him to share 
his time with other enterprises, which fact 
is sufficient to account for the sure, grad- 
ual growth and financial prosperity of the 
present establishment of Lane & Lock- 

Mr. Lane was married on January 28, 
1831, to Emma, daughter of Cornelius 
Gould. Her death occurred in 1869, and 
in 1871 our subject married Susan, daugh- 
ter of Moses Kinsey. No children were 
born by either marriage. In fraternal rela- 
tions Mr. Lane is a Master Mason. 


whose pleasant home is located on Pros- 
pect street. South Orange, New Jersey, is 
one of the retired citizens of this place. A 
resume of his life is as follows : 

George N. Williams was born in West 
Orange, New Jersey, June 22, 1829, son of 
Nathaniel and Ruth (Ludlow) Williams, 
both natives of New Jersey, the former 
born in West Orange and the latter in 
Morris county. The family on the pater- 
nal side is of Welsh origin. Grandfather 
Ludlow was a resident of Poughkeepsie, 
New York, where he had a tract of land 
granted Id him by King George. During 
the Revolutionary war his grandfather 





Williams was a soldier in the British army, 
and while on Long Island contracted small- 
pox from the British soldiers and died of 
that disease. Nathaniel Williams was a 
tailor by trade, and. as was the custom in 
those days, went from house to house to 
make clothes for the family. His religious 
faith was that of the Episcopal church, and 
in politics he was an old-line Whig. 

In his native place George N. Williams 
spent the first fourteen years of his life. 
\\'hen a boy he worked in a tannery and 
learned the trade of harnessmaker, which, 
however, he never followed. Most of his 
active life was passed as a carpenter and 
builder. Many t^f the buildings in the (3r- 
anges sliow his handiwork. In 1857, 
thinking to better his condition by going 
west, he went to Indiana and located at 
Elkhart, where he was residing at the time 
the civil war came on. He enlisted in the 
Twenty-sixth Xew Jersey Volunteer Infan- 
try, in 1862, and immediately went to the 
front. Among the engagements in wliich 
he participated were those of Fredericks- 
burg and Rappahannock. He was lionor- 
ably discharged and was mustered out oi 
the service at Camp Frelinghuysen jtist be- 
fore the battle of Gettysburg. Returning to 
Indiana at the close of his army service, he 
spent three years more in that state and at 
the end of that time went out to California, 
where he remained two years, during that 
period visiting all the places of interest on 
the Pacific coast. Coming back from Cal- 
ifornia, he stopped at North Judson. In- 
diana, which continued to be his abiding 
place until 1889. and since that time he has 
resided at South Orange, now retiretl. 

Politically Mr. Williams is in accord 
with the Republican party and the prin- 
ciples advocated by it. He was married in 

1854 to Louisa A. Baldwin, the youngest 
daughter of John S. Baldwin, of East Or- 
ange, and they have one son. Charles S.. 
of East Orange. 


of Hilton, belongs to that class of Amer- 
ica's adopted citizens, who. seeking a home 
in the New World, have adapted them- 
selves to the changed conditions and sur- 
roundings, and by the exercise of native 
ability, untiring energy and sound judg- 
ment have worked their way steadily up- 
ward. It is in this way that Mr. Cope has 
gained a place among the foremost busi- 
ness men of Hilton and won for himself a 
handsome competence, which is entirely 
the outcome of his own efforts. 

A native of Warwickshire, England, he 
was born in 1832. His father and his 
grandfather both bore the name of John 
Cope and were engaged as shepherds in 
their native England. The former died at 
the age of eighty-three years. In his fam- 
ily were four sons and three daughters, all 
of whom, excepting our subject, remained 
in England. 

George F. Cope began his education in 
the public schools of his native land and 
afterward attended night schools, prac- 
tically educating himself. He learned the 
trade of blacksmithing and followed that 
pursuit until thirty-five years of age, when 
seeking to better his financial condition he 
crossed the Atlantic to America, landing 
in New York city. Not long afterward he 
took up his residence in Newark, and at 
once began work at his trade as manager 
of the business of William M. Pier. He re- 
mained in the employ of that gentleman for 
some time and in 1874 began business on 



his own account in Hilton. He was alone 
at first, but his trade steadily increased as 
his skill and ability became known, and he 
was obliged to secure an assistant. He 
now has seven emplo3'es and is proprietor 
of one of the most extensive blacksmithing 
establishments in Essex county. He has 
facilities for manufacturing buggies and 
wagons and many of the materials used in 
the construction of the same, and is now 
making a specialty of the manufacture of 
milk wagons on which he uses a patent 
door, of which he is the sole owner. He 
received the first premium on this milk 
wagon at the last three state fairs. He 
has also invented and patented a bol