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Full text of "Biographical and genealogical history of the city of Newark and Essex County, N.J."

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IVIicrosoft Corporation 



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BIOGRAPHICAL 

AND 

1- 

Genealogical History 



OF THE 



CITY OF NEWARK 



AND 



ESSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY 



ILLUSTRATED 



THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 

NEW YORK AND CHICAGO 

1898 

>/. S. 




1?421 



INDEX: VOLUME 11. 



A 

Ahrens, John C 355 

Albey, Gfeorge A 13 

Allen Family, The 465 

Ailing, Horace 168 

Ames, William W 143 

Apel, Edward 153 

Armbruster, Gregory 300 

Arnold, George 219 

Ayers, Joseph S 23 

Ayres, H. Messenger 221 

Ayres, Morgan W 219 

B 

Baier, John : . . 338 

Bailey, Henry E 216 

Baldwin, Albert B 173 

Baldwin Family, The 96 

Baldwin, Ira C 223 

Baldwin, Isaac P 240 

Baldwin, Jeptha H 248 

Ball, Jeremiah P 134 

Banta, William H 254 

Barry, Michael 213 

Beach, Joseph E 418 

Beach, William L 8 

Beck, William F 193 

Becker, Louis' 9 

Beers. Ralph 272 

Bennett, John 258 

Bennetto, James T 307 

Berg, Frederick 288 

Berg, Henry 55 

Best, James 316 

Blair, Samuel E 143 

Blake, John L : 236 

Booth, James 377 

Borcherling, Charles S6 

Bowden, Anthony 48 

Boyle, Patrick 228 

Broughton, William R 294 

Brown, George H 24 

Brown, George F 409 



Brown, James H 152 

Bruen Family, The no 

Brush Family, The 462 

Burr, Aaron 35 

Burt, George H 40 

Bushauer. Peter 322 

C 

Cadmus, Eugene L. R 236 

Cadmus Family, The 234 

Cadmus, J. H. L 70 

Cahill, Owen A 323 

Caldwell, John D 364 

Campbell. John. Jr 79 

Canfield Family, The 106 

Carle, Frederick 25 

Carlson, John S 27 

Carter, Aaron 454 

Carter, Abram P 305 

Case, Al vin 361 

Chapman, C. Durand 267 

Chesney, Robert 77 

Ciaramelli, Guiseppe 295 

Cleveland, Grover 34 

Cohen. Jacob 425 

Coit, Charles S 184 

Colgate Family, The 125 

Colie, Edward M 471 

Collamore Family, The 44 

Colt. Thomas C 328 

Condit, Albert P 432 

Condit. Elias M 200 

Condit Family, The 200 

Condit. Ira H 200 

Condit. Samuel 205 

Condit. Samuel D 351 

Condit, William P 339 

Cook, Hiram 296 

Cooney, Martin J 325 

Corb, John 43 

Crane, Edward B 22 

Crane. Marcus S 74 

Crane, Matthias S 214 



IV 



INDEX. 



Crane, James C 259 

Crofutt, Benjamin S 81 

Cross, Jeremiah A 140 

Crowell, David S 358 

Cruden. Timothy 344 

Cullen, Thomas H 347 

D 

Dare. Hezekiah 222 

Davenport, George W 33 

Day. Abraham 369 

DeCamp, Aaron IQI 

DeCamp, George E 192 

DeCamp, Wilber W 54 

Denman, Aaron B 220 

Depue, David A 276 

Dettig, John P 360 

DeVausney, WilHam H 252 

De\^'itt, William H 263 

Dodge. James 450 

Dorer. George 3o6 

Dougherty, Arthur C 96 

Drake, George D 290 

Drake, Mahlon S 29 

Drake. Nathaniel 261 

Dugan, Daniel A 207 

Durand, Asher B 326 

Durand, Frederic F 326 

Duryee, John L I9 

E 

East Orange Gazette 93 

Edison, Thomas 49 

Ely Family, The 246 

English, Joseph 257 

Epstein, Harry B I5 

Evans, Joseph 26 

Evertz, Edward 106 

Evertz, Ernest C 104 

F 

Feick, Charles A 120 

Fewsmith, Joseph, Jr 167 

Firth, Harry 274 

Fletcher, Josiah 230 

Folsom, Henry 470 

Francisco, R. S 373 

Francisco, Stephen 3 

Frazar, Everett 457 

Frazer, David R "9 

Freeman, Cyrus G 123 

Freeman. George C 120 

Freeman. Jabez 112 

Freeman, Orville E 122 

Print, Charles H 275 



Fulcher, Andrew M 96 

Fulcher, Richard A 96 

G 

Gardner, James W. C 12 

Gareis, John 127 

Garrabrants. William B 262 

Gay, Matthew T 1.38 

Gay, William A 264 

Gazette, East Orange 93 

Geoffroy, Ernest A 402 

Giveans, Bradford W 29 

Glatzmay er, Herman A 305 

Goertz, August 302 

Grimm, Diedrich 5 

H 

Hagerty, John F 3i8 

Halsey, Henry B 270 

Halsted Family, The 123 

Halsted, Oliver S Mi 

Halsted, Oliver S., Jr 141 

Harrison, Amos W 304 

Harrison, Caleb M 256 

Harrison, Edwin D 37 

Harrison Family, The 255 

Harrison, Rufus F 298 

Harrison, Zenos G I9S 

Harrop, Thomas, Sr 341 

Hauser, Julius 286 

Haydon, Joseph H 212 

Haussling, Jacob 35 

Heald, Daniel A ii5 

Heald Family, The 113 

Heding, Albert 372 

Heller, Elias G 362 

Heller, George E 366 

Heller. John J 4io 

Hemmer, Frank 86 

Hemmer, Max 86 

Hemmer, William 83 

Hemmer, William, Jr 86 

Hemmer, Peter 85 

Hensler. Adolph 345 

Hensler, Joseph 128 

Herbert, Henry W 135 

Herold, Herman C. H I43 

Higgins, Thomas F 3I7 

Hill, William 33i 

Hinck, Christopher A 279 

Hoadley, Philemon L 232 

Holey, Tim»thy E 340 

Holmes, Hugh 208 

Hood, Louis '44 

Hopper, Benjamin W 432 



INDEX. 



Hornecker, Charles T 42 

Hosp, Ferdinand J 285 

Hunkele, Elias 176 

Hunkele, John 437 

I 
Irving, Washington 38 

J 

Jacobus, Abram L 231 

Jenkins, Melancthon W 72 

Jenkins, Oliver S 73 

Johnson, John L 64 

K 

Kazenmayer, Conrad 416 

Kazenmayer, Henry 416 

Kazenmayer, Otfo 418 

Keasbey, Anthony Q 420 

Keen, Zebulon M 340 

Keer, Ernest F 141 

Kierstead, Jacob 82 

Kierstead, Lester 367 

Kilgus, Frederick 281 

Kingsland, Joseph 444 

Kingsland, Thomas H 31 

Kipp, Charles J 147 

Kirkpatrick, Andrew (Chief Justice) 396 

Knapp. Minard A 291 

Knight, David G 317 

Koeck, Paul 28 

Kratt, Jacob 359 

L 

La Faucherie, John C 233 

Lambert, George H 224 

Le Glise. George 260 

Lighthipe Family, The 91 

Lindsley Family, The 57 

Lindsley, Morris B 424 

Lockward, Lewis G 374 

Long, John H 258 

Lyons, William W 436 

M 

Maher, Michael 159 

Malatesta, John M 199 

Mandeville Family, The 59 

Mandeville, Henry A 406 

Mandeville, Joseph W 249 

Mapes, James J 149 

Martin, Robert D 427 

Marquet, Eugene J 145 

Massmann, Frederick W 80 

Matthews, Harry E 303 



Matthews, Henry M 95 

Maurer, Frederick 368 

May hew, Francis L 252 

McBrair, Henry C 160 

McChesney, William 446 

McClellan, George B 103 

McDermott, Robert 41 

McEwen, Richard W 353 

McGowan, Thomas 244 

McGuinness, Patrick J 304 

Mead, George E 132 

Meeker, Dayton 312 

Meeker Family, The 117 

Meeker, Frank W 266 

Megaro, P. M 261 

Minott, Joseph A 397 

Mitchell, George L 415 

Mitchell, Winthrop D 424 

Morehouse, Harvey W 440 

Mortland, James H 312 

Miiller, J. J. Henry 314 

Munn Family, The 170 

Munn, Orson D 172 

N 

Newark Daily Advertiser 242 

Newark Evening News 170 

Nichols, Isaac A 151 

O 

Olcott. George P 435 

Orange Chronicle, The 181 

Orange Journal 177 

Orange Record 181 

Orange Volksbote 177 

Orben, Charles S. . . .' 287 

Osborn, Joseph H 205 

Osborne. A. H 167 

Osborne, James G 87 

Osborne. Thomas S 319 

Owen. Merton B 190 

P 

Pancost, George W 430 

Parker, R. Wayne 448 

Parkhurst, Andrew L 313 

Pascoe, John F 343 

Peddie, Thomas D i 

Peter, Lucas 291 

Pfeiffer, Louis V 335 

Pierson, Albert F 155 

Pitney, John O. H 159 

Plum. Joseph W 375 

Price, Edward L 282 

Price, Frederick H 206 



VI 



INDEX. 



Purssell Brothers 310 

Purssell, Francis J 310 

Purssell, James 310 

R 

Reeves, Isaac N 223 

Reilly, John 342 

Remer, John 154 

Righter, William A 250 

Rosenwasser, Adolf 194 

Ross, Aaron S 401 

Ruland, Frederick V 30 

Rutan, Calvin 190 

Ryerson, David A 88 

s 

Schaedel, Henry J 68 

Schmidt, Christian 382 

Scott, William L 139 

Sheldon, Israel 443 

Shepardson, J. M 226 

Shipman, Charles L 308 

Sieger, Francis H 284 

Smith, Cornelius 89 

Smith, Edward P l6l 

Smith Family, The 161 

Smith, G. Washington 404 

Smith, Henry 75 

Smith, J. Frank 75 

Smith, Luman 311 

Smith. Nelson 229 

Sommer, John 336 

Speer, Richard 350 

Spottiswoode, George 452 

Stager, Ralph V 365 

Stagg, George R 320 

Stahnten. Herman 15 

Starr. Charles 94 

Stasse, John W 78 

Stedenfeld, August 357 

Steffens. Julius 269 

Stevens, Joseph 301 

Stone, Levi P 468 

Straus. Moses 39 

Struck, Henry J 90 

Sutphen, Joseph S 273 

T 

Taylor Family. The 129 

Taylor, William F 349 

Tichenor, Hiram H 148 

Toler, John 165 

Travis, Isaac N 237 

Trepkau, Fritz 428 

Tucker, John J 395 



Turrell, George B 410 

Tuttle, Joseph N 146 

U 

Underhill, Charles F 227 

Underwood, Henry W 383 

V 

VanDoren, Howard J 55 

VanHorn, Amos H 458 

VanHouten, Cornelius 385 

Van Ness. Andrew J 354 

Van Ness, William 348 

Van Reyper, Edwin J 13 

Varley . George 198 

Voss, John H 

Vreeland, Warren 37° 

W 

Wakefield, William H 363 

Wallace, John B 133 

Wallace, Theodore C 196 

Wallace, William H 384 

Ward, Elias S 378 

Ward Family, The 379 

Ward, Frederic W 136 

Ward, Marcus L 65 

Watkins. S. C. G 332 

Webster, William H 378 

Weeks, Charles H 71 

Weigand, Charles 300 

Weston, Edward 386 

Whitehead, Asa 142 

Whitehead. William S 142 

Widenmayer, George W 7 

Wiener, Oscar 293 

Wigger, W. M 6 

Wilde, Edward S 76 

Williams, Charles E 236 

Williams, Edmund 216 

Williams. Edgar I79 

Williams, J. C 218 

Williams, Orlando 137 

Wolfe, F. W 221 

Wolfif, Charles G 356 

Woodrufl. Franklin C 32 

Woodward. Aaron H 309 

Wright, Edward H 18 

Wright, William 16 

Y 

Yardley, Mrs. Charles B 439 

Z 

Zehmisch, Emil 10 



INDEX. 



Vll 



INDEX OF PORTRAITS: VOLUME II. 



A 

Ailing, Horace i68 

B 

Baier, John 338 

Bailey, Henry E 216 

Baldwin, Isaac P 240 

Baldwin, Jeptha H 248 

Berg, Frederick 288 

Borcherling, Charles 56 

Bowden, Anthony 48 

Broughton, William R 294 

Brown, George H 24 

Brown, James H 152 

Burt, George H 40 

C 

Coit, Charles S 184 

Condit, Ira H 200 

Condit, Mrs. Ira H 200 

Crowell. David S 358 

D 

DeCamp, George E 192 

Depue. David A 276 

Dodge, James 450 

Durand, Asher B 326 

E 

Evertz, Edward 106 

Evertz, Ernest C 104 

F 

Francisco, Stephen 3 

Freeman, George C 120 

Freeman, Jabez 112 

Fulcher, Andrew M 96 

Fulcher, Richard A 96 

G 

Gay, William A 264 

Geoffrey, Ernest A 402 

H 

Harrison, Amos W 304 

Harrison, Caleb M 256 

Harrison, Rufus F. 298 

Halsey, Henry B 270 

Heller, Elias G 362 

Heller, George E 366 

Heller, John J 410 

Hensler. Joseph 128 

Hoadley, Philemon L 232 

Holmes, Hugh 208 



Hood, Louis 144 

Hunkele, Elias 176 

J 

Jenkins, Melancthon W 72 

Johnson, John L 64 

K 

Keasbey, Anthony Q 420 

Kazenmayer, Conrad 416 

Keen, Zebulon M 346 

Kingsland, Joseph 444 

Kirkpatrick, Andrew (Chief Justice) 396 

L 

Lambert, George H 224 

Lindsley, Morris B 424 

Lockward. Lewis G 374 

Lyons, William W 436 

M 

Mandeville, Henry A 406 

Massmann, Frederick W 80 

Midler, J. J. Henry 314 

P 

Peddie, Thomas B Frontispiece 

Price, Edward L 282 

Purssell, James 310 

R 

Reilly, John 342 

Ryerson, David A 88 

S 

Schmidt, Christian 382 

Speer, Richard 35° 

Stagg, George R 320 

T 
Trepkau, Fritz 428 

V 

Van Horn, Amos H 458 

Van Ness, Andrew J 354 

Vreeland, Warren 37° 

W 

Ward, Frederic W 136 

Ward, Elias S 378 

Watkins, S. C. G .332 

Weston, Edward 386 

Woodruff, Franklin C 32 

Wright, Edward H 18 

Wright, William 16 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 



HISTORY. 



THOMAS B. PEDDIE. 

Thomas B. Peddie. one of the most en- 
terprising and successful of tlie citizens of 
Newark, New Jersey, began his business 
career in that place in 1833, before it had 
been incorporated as a city. Mr. Peddie 
was a native of Edinburgh, Scotland, and 
this was also the birthplace of his parents, 
who were persons of more than ordinary in- 
telligence, of great industry, and of remark- 
able piety, his father being somewhat noted 
as a religious exhorter. To the example 
and influence of such estimable parents was 
young Peddie indebted for his habits of 
industry, as well as for his self-reliance and 
his reverence for everything that is essen- 
tial to an honorable and pious life. Such 
advantages for an education as were within 
the means of his parents were accorded to 
him, and, though not great, they were quite 
sufificient for the ordinary purposes of life. 
To the acquisitions made by him as a 
schoolboy he subsequently added largely by 
reading and by contact with his fellow men 
as he increased in years. He was fond of 
books of travel and of the accounts of for- 
eign lands given in the newspapers of the 
ii— 1 



day. His desire to visit America was thus 
aroused, and having at last, through his 
own industry, acquired sufficient means to 
gratify his desire, he left his native land for 
the United States, not quite decided, how- 
ever, to make it his permanent home. 

In 1833, as already stated, he found him- 
self in Newark, New Jersey, a place which 
he had been induced to visit on account of 
the rapid growth of its manufacturing inter- 
ests. Not intending to be an idle looker- 
on, but determined rather to obtain a thor- 
ough knowledge of the new people among 
whom he liad fallen, he visited the various 
factories of the place, and finally applied for 
employment in the great saddlery estab- 
lishment of Messrs. Smith & Wright, the 
latter of whom became subsequently a sen- 
ator of the United States. He bore about 
him no other commendation than his hon- 
est face and manly ways, but these sufificed 
to gain him a de.sirable position in this ex- 
tensive factory. Here he remained two 
years, when, having become familiar with 
the business ways of the land in which he 
had now concluded to make a permanent 
home, he resolved to test his own business 
abilities as an operator and financier. Ac- 



ESl^EX COUNTY. 



cordingly he undertook, in a modest way. 
the manufacture of leather trunks and car- 
petbag's. Success attended him beyond his 
expectations, and a large and lucrative busi- 
ness seemed to await him in no distant 
future. For ten years he continued to man- 
age alone his rapiilly extending operations. 
In 1846 he found it necessary, however, to 
take a business partner to assist him in his 
labors, especially in keeping liis books and 
attending to his growing correspondence. 
For this important service he selected Mr. 
John Morrison, who subsequently proved 
himself to be one of Newark's most es- 
timable and patriotic citizens. This part- 
nership continued until 1861, when Mr. 
Morrison died. On Mr. Peddie alone again 
devolved the care of his immense estab- 
lishment, and to it he gave his undivided 
attention; but the burden being more than 
he could long carry unassisted, he sought 
aid eventually from one of his most es- 
teemed and accomplished assistants, Mr. 
George B. Jenkinson, whose familiarity 
with every department of the complicated 
works relieved Mr. Peddie of much of his 
labor and finally resulted in a partnership 
between them, unfler the firm name of 
T. B. Peddie & Company. Under this name 
the business was conducted until the death 
of its founder. 

For many years prior to his decease, and, 
indeed, imtil within a short time before that 
event, Mr. Peddie was active in discharge of 
all the duties of a good and patriotic citizen. 
His interests led him, of course, to take a 
prominent part in the conduct of the mon- 
eyed institutions of the city, in many of 
wdiich he was an influential director. But 
even where personal interest did not call 
him he was equally earnest and active. In 
almost every important public movement 



he was among the leaders, aiding by his 
advice as well as by his purse. Of the board 
of trade of the city of Newark he was a most 
eflicient member, at one time its president 
anfl at all times an earnest participant in its 
])roceedings. 

It was unfloubtedh- the sterling honesty 
of Mr. Peddie which pointed him out as a 
desirable man to be placed in public posi- 
tions of great responsibility. It was this* 
that sent him. in i8C)3 and 1864. to the state 
legislature, where, as a member of the .gen- 
eral assembly, he gave valuable support to 
the general government during the war of 
the ]\el)ellion, and bv his influence and 
contributions did good service in behalf of 
the Union. Duriup- the neriod of four 
years, 1866-69, he was mayor of Newark, 
an office which he filled with credit 
to himself and advantage to the city. 
In 1876 he represented the sixth congres- 
sional district of New Jersey in the forty- 
fifth congress. On the expiration of his 
term he declined further nomination. 

Without making any pretense of learn- 
ing. IMr. Peddie appreciated fully the value 
of a good education, and this is shown by 
the interest which he took in building up 
the flourishing academy in Hightstown, 
New Jersey, to which was given, in honor 
of him, the name of Peddie Institute. He 
was one of the early promoters of the New- 
ark Technical School, an institution for 
which the city of Newark is mainly indebt- 
ed to its board of trade, by which body the 
first steps were taken for its establishment, 
with Mr. Peddie as chairman of the com- 
mittee having charge of the enterprise. For 
many years he was a trustee for the Newark 
City Home, a school to which he gave 
mucli attention. Of all benevolent enter- 
prises he was a supporter, ever ready to ad- 




,/^0uiA^eA.4-C<^ 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



vance them by contributing of his means 
as well as by his personal services. 

On Newark's principal thoroughfare, 
nearl}- facing one of its beautiful parks, 
stands a house of worship, built of gray 
granite, in Byzantine style of architecture, 
and capable of seating three thousand wor- 
shipers. It is called the Peddie Memorial, 
and was the gift of this beneficent man to 
the congregation with which he connected 
himself when, as a j-outh, he came to New- 
ark, and with which he continued to wor- 
ship throughout his long and useful career. 
The erection of this massive pile was the 
last work of Mr. Peddie's life. It is one of 
Newark's noblest structures, but he did not 
live to see it completed. The name given 
to it was never suggested until after his 
death, which occurred February i6, 1889. 
All of Mr. Peddie's designs in regard to the 
construction and appointments of this edi- 
fice were fully carried out by his estimable 
widow, who followed him into eternal rest 
three years afterward. She also complied 
with another wish on his part by giving 
to the church valuable property, in New 
York city and elsewhere, which yields it a 
handsome revenue. 



STEPHEN FRANCISCO 

is the owner of the most complete dairy 
plant in America and is the recognized lead- 
er in this enterprise. The volume of his 
business is so extensive that it at once in- 
dicates the superior ability and manage- 
ment of him who stands at its head, while 
all with whom he has had trade relations 
regard him as a most reliable and trust- 
worthy man. 

The farm upon which he was born Au- 
gust 21, 1850, and upon which he now re- 



sides, was the ancestral home of the Fran- 
ciscos. It is located in Caldwell township, 
Essex county, and was purchased from the 
Indians by his great-grandfather, Hendrick 
Francisco. The grandfather of our sub- 
ject, Josiah Francisco, and the fath- 
er, Peter Francisco, were both born 
on the old homestead. The latter be- 
came a very successful farmer, and was 
also a leader in public affairs and served 
his fellow townsmen in the office of free- 
holder. Both he and his wife were devout 
members of the jMethodist Episcopal 
church, and largely advanced the cause of 
Christianity in this community. The father 
died in 1843, at the age of forty-three 
years, leaving nine children to the care of 
the widowed mother. Mrs. Francisco bore 
the maiden name of Abbie Gould, and was 
a daughter of Josiah Gould, of Welsh de- 
scent and of old Revolutionarv stock. She 
died in May, 1896, at the advanced age 
of eighty-six, death thus terminating a life 
that had been as useful and noble as it was 
long. After the death of her husband she 
assumed the management of the home 
farm, comprising three hundred acres of 
land, and capably managed the same in ad- 
dition to performing the household duties 
in connection with the care of her large 
famih". She was a woman of very even 
disposition, never displaying an irritation 
of temper, equable, kind and loving. She 
contributed liberally to the support of the 
church, and by word and deed brought her 
children up in the admonition of the Lord. 
The children in her family were Eliza- 
beth, widow of Josiah Franklin; Henry, 
who died in 1892 in Fairfield; Joanna, de- 
ceased wife of Richard Spear, of Mont- 
clair; Marcus, who died in Newark, in 1874; 
Rachel, who became the wife of John H. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Spear, and died in 1874; Josiah, who died 
in childhood; Susan, Ella and Stephen. 

The subject of this review attended the 
common schools in his youth and was 
reared to manhood on the old homestead. 
He entered upon his business career in No- 
vember. 187S. when he bought a small milk 
route. He milked nine cows and delivered 
the milk with one wagon: but his patron- 
age steadily increased and he now milks 
four hundred and fifty cows, and employs 
sixty men to attend to the products of the 
dairy, and has thirty-five horses used in the 
distribution of tlie milk and in other ser- 
vice on the farm. He keeps Jersey and 
Guernsey grade cows and has what is uni- 
versally acknowledged to be the best 
equipped dairy plant in the countrv. The 
milk is shipped to Newark, Montclair and 
the Oranges, and the company has a milk 
depot and distributing station on Glen- 
ridge avenue, IMontclair, as well as in Cald- 
well. Over thirty-five hundred quarts of 
milk and cream are delivered daily by 
wagon. Great care is exercised in every- 
thing connected with the dairy, and it 
would be impossible to imagine a place 
where greater neatness and cleanliness pre- 
vailed. The men who form the milking 
force are attired in white suits, which are 
washed daily and inspected before being 
used. Such is the reputation of the dairy 
that the visitors' register which is kept 
there has shown as high as one hundred and 
forty visitors in a sinele day. Committees 
have been sent from Wisconsin and other 
states to inspect the plant, and among the 
visitors was Professor Henry, of the Wis- 
consin University, who reported that the 
plant was the most practical he had ever 
seen in this country or in Europe. A num- 
ber of states have sent committees here to 



investigate the methods used in the care of 
the cattle and of the milk, in order to intro- 
duce the same into the departments of agri- 
culture in the state colleges. An editorial 
in the Archives of Pediatrics, a medical 
publication which gives much attention to 
chiklren's diseases, complimented in the 
highest possible terms the methods fol- 
lowed by the company as securing the 
greatest purity in milk. On the ist of Au- 
gust, 1894, the business was incorporated 
under the name of the Fairfield Dairy Com- 
pany, and from the beginning its founder 
has been the president. To him is due the 
success of the enterprise; his has been the 
executive power and sound judgment 
which has made this a profitable concern, 
and certainly he deserves great credit in 
this particular. 

The ofificers of the companv, in atldition 
to Mr. Francisco, are his wife, who is vice- 
president and director; Joseph Blavelt, 
who is secretarv and director, and also man- 
ager of the farm; George C. Freeland, 
director, who is manager of the distributing 
depot in ^vlontclair; and W. P. Francisco, 
who is also a director. Mrs. Francisco has 
Ijeen to her husband a most faithful com- 
panion and helpmeet, and without her 
counsel he executes no business enterprise. 

She bore the maiden name of Lydia 
Morehouse, her father being Aaron B. 
Morehouse. The marriag^e of Mr. and Mrs. 
Francisco was celebrated May 27, 1874, 
and they became the parents of six chil- 
dren : Wellington P., who pursued a clas- 
sical course of study in Rutgers College; 
Ruth Edna; Stephen J. G.. a student in 
IMontclair Military Academy; and three 
now deceased. The family have a hand- 
some home in Caldwell township, which 
was erected by the grandfather, enlarged 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



5 



by the father and modernized by our sub- 
ject, who has added all the modern im- 
provements and conveniences. Its hospi- 
tality seems boundless, and is enjoyed by a 
very large circle of friends. Mr. Francisco 
is a whole-souled man, whose well spent life 
is worthy of high commendation. He has 
never used tobacco or intoxicants, and 
through a lifelong membership in the Re- 
formed church of Fairfield he has almost 
continuously held office, serving for many 
years in the position of elder and Sunday- 
school superintendent. He acknowledges 
his indebtedness to his noble mother and 
loving wife for what he has achieved, and 
while ver}' successful himself he is not nar- 
row or selfish in this, but generously aids 
others who desire to help themselves and 
thus make the most of life's opportunities. 



DIEDRICH H. GRIMM 

is one of the worthy sons that the father- 
land has furnished to Essex county. He is 
now identified with the business interests of 
Orange as a member of the firm of Lord & 
Company, painters and decorators. He 
was born in the city of Hoja, in Hanover, 
Germany, July 20, 1850, and is a son of 
Carson and Margaretta (Mahlstedt) 
Grimm. His father was a farmer all his 
life, and met his death as the result of fall- 
ing from a building; his wife has also 
passed away. They were the parents of 
four children, namely : August, who re- 
sides on the old homestead in Hoja; Mary, 
who died in 1897; Dora, wife of Fritz Bur- 
hofif, of Bremen, Germany, by whom she 
has seven children; and our subject. 

Diedrich Henry Grimm acquired a com- 
mon-school education in his native town 
and remained at his parental home until 



se\'enteen years of age. He learned the 
trade of shoemaking with his brother and 
worked as a journeyman in the city of 
Bremen for a time. He then returned 
home, but the opportunities for advance- 
ment were few and America held out great 
inducements for young men who wished to 
rise in the world; so he determined to cross 
the Atlantic. A wish to avoid military ser- 
vice also led to this step, and in 1871 he em- 
barked in a westward-bound sailing vessel, 
which bore him- to the harbor of New York, 
on the 26th of August, 187 1. Coming to 
Orange, he secured work at his trade, 
which he followed until 1873, when, desir- 
ous of finding a more lucrative occupation, 
he took up painting and decorating and 
paper-hanging. He became very proficient 
in this business, won success in his under- 
takings, and in 1891 was admitted to a 
partnership in the firm of Lord & Com- 
pany, who are now doing an extensive and 
profitable business in painting, decorating 
and paper-hanging in Orange. The firm 
have executed the interior work of some 
of the finest residences in Essex and adjoin- 
ing counties. It is ever of the most com- 
plete and artistic character and their pro- 
ficiency, honorable dealing and prompt and 
reliable business methods have won them a 
very liberal patronage. 

Mr. Grimm is a valued member of vari- 
ous societies, including Hillside Council, 
No. 1329, Royal Arcanum, of Orange, in 
which he was treasurer for some time; John 
F. Morse Lodge, No. 183, I. O. O. F., of 
Orange, of which he has been financial sec- 
retary for six years: and of Essex Encamp- 
ment, No. 59, of Orange. In politics he is 
independent, supporting the men whom he 
thinks best qualified for office. His time 
has been too largely taken up with busi- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



ness cares to allow him to enter actively 
in the field of politics, were he so inclined. 
His energy has enabled him to triumph 
over many obstacles in the path to pros- 
perity, and by determined purpose he has 
steadily wrested from fate the much-desired 
success. 

Mr. Grimm was married in Orange, 
'April 3, 1878, to Emma Nickle, a daughter 
of Christian Nickle, and they have three 
sons: Christian August, born November 
29, 1885, now a student in music; George 
Henry, born October 19, 1887; and Will- 
iam Diedrich, born September 9, 1889. The 
parents are leading members of the First 
German Presbyterian church of Orange, of 
which Mr. Grimm is now serving as trustee. 



RT. REV. W. M. WIGGER. D. D., 

the beloved bishop of Newark, was born 
December 9, 1841, and his preparatory 
studies were pursued at St. Francis Xav- 
ier's College, New York. He studied the- 
ology in the College Brignole-Sale, Genoa, 
Italy, and was ordained a priest in 1865. 
On the 17th of August of the same year 
he left Genoa for America, and while cross- 
ing the ocean on his way home chol- 
era broke out among the passengers on the 
steamship Atlanta, on which he had em- 
barked, and there it was that the young 
priest first publicly exercised the functions 
of the sacred ministry with which he had so 
recently been invested. His attentions to 
the sick and dying were unceasing, and on 
his arrival at New York he volunteered, 
with remarkable heroism, to remain in the 
pest ship until every vestige of the dreaded 
disease had disappeared. For two weeks 
he faithfully kept his post, consoling the 
dying and closing the eyes of the dead until 
the self-imposed task was fully performed. 



On arriving at Newark Bishop Bayley 
attached him to the cathedral, where for 
four years he gave edification as a pious, 
zealous and faithful priest. His zeal never 
flagged and his devotion to the sick and 
aiflicted never wearied, for the lesson he 
learned in the plague shio was never after- 
ward forgotten. In 1869 Father Wigger 
was appointed to the church in Madison, 
whose pastorate had been left vacant by the 
death of the talented and popular Father 
D'Arcy. At the time when St. John's 
church in Orange was in its worst phase 
of financial embarrassment, Bishop Corri- 
gan looked about him for a priest who, by 
prudence, piety, zeal and administrative 
ability, might be in every way fitted to in- 
spire confidence in the people and retrieve 
the fortunes of the overburdened church. 
Dr. Wigger was his choice, and without 
hesitation the present bishop of Newark 
obeyed the voice of his superior and gave 
up his comparatively easy mission for the 
discouraging and almost despaired-of 
charge of St. John's. In less than six 
months he paid ofi eleven thousand dollars 
of the debt, but believing the task to be a 
hopeless one he asked to be relieved, and 
was made pastor of Summit, in February, 
1874. 

In June, 1876, Dr. Wigger was again 
transferred to Madison, where he remained 
in the quiet discharge of his duties, respect- 
ed and loved by all, until called to the holy 
office which he now fills. He was conse- 
crated by his predecessor. Archbishop Cor- 
rigan, assisted by Bishop Loughlin and 
Bishop McOuaid. in the cathedral of New- 
ark, October 18, 1881. For a short time 
thereafter he remained in his beloved old 
Madison, but he soon became convinced 
of the necessity of making his abode where 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



his priests could have more easy access to 
him, and in consequence moved to New- 
ark. In April, 1883. he took up his resi- 
dence at Seton Hall, in order to l)e better 
able to give his immediate' supervision to 
the college and ecclesiastical seminary. 

Since his elevation to the episcopacy Dr. 
Wigger has been an indefatigable worker. 
Pastoral visitations, administering confir- 
mation, assisting in the neighboring dio- 
ceses and dispensing charity, — these are 
the daily occupations of the Bishop of New- 
ark; and it is chiefly in this last, his great 
sympathy for the suffering portion of hu- 
manity, that the key to the true character 
of the man can be found. While he is 
frugal in the extreme in wliatever concerns 
himself, he is lavish beyond measure wher- 
ever charity stretches out her appealing 
hand. The orphanages and hospitals of the 
diocese have in him a kind father and a gen- 
erous patron, and every work of charity or- 
ganized for the good of the poor, the neg- 
lected and the afflicted has his unqualified 
approval and support. One of his latest 
works is the establishment of an industrial 
school for boys, at Arlington. Here neg- 
lected and wayward boys are received, ed- 
ucated and taught trades, so that in after 
life they may be able to earn for them- 
selves an honest livelihood. The chief pas- 
tor of the diocese of Newark is indeed a 
father to his people. 



GEORGE W. WIEDENMAYER 

was born in Newark, April 28, 1848, and is 
descended from German and French ances- 
try. His parents were Christopher and 
Caroline Wiedenmayer. His mother bore 
the maiden name of Caroline Mayer, and 
was first married to Peter Schickhaus, bv 



whom she had two sons and one daughter. 
Her sons were Charles and Edward and 
the latter was a representative business man 
of Newark, who for a number of years 
was president of the State Banking Com- 
pany, of this city. He died July 7, 1897, 
leaving a widow and two sons and two 
daughters. 

Christopher Wiedenmayer, the father of 
our subject, was born in Meiningen, Ba- 
varia, Germany, in 181 2, acquired a com- 
mon-school education and learned the trade 
of cloth-weaving. In 1835 he came to 
America, having landed in New York city. 
Finally he located in Newark, where he had 
landed interests, and where he engaged in 
the trucking business, which he conducted 
with more than ordinary success until 1858, 
when he purchased the Schalk Brothers' 
brewery at the corner of Hamburg place 
and Napoleon street. There he engaged in 
the brewing business until 1876, when hav- 
ing accumulated a handsome fortune he re- 
tired from active life. He spent his re- 
maining days in the enjoyment of a well 
earned rest and died September 8, 1879. 
He had married in New York city, and by 
this union were born two sons and one 
daughter: Gustav A., who died at the age 
of fifty-five years; Amelia, wife of Jacob 
Smith : and George W. 

Having completed the prescribed courses 
of the grammar and high schools of New- 
ark, George W. Wiedenmayer of this re- 
view entered Eastman's Business College, at 
Poughkeepsie, New York. When his edu- 
cation was completed, he joined his father 
in business and imder his direction mas- 
tered the same, learning the trade in all its 
departments. In 1870 he was admitted to 
partnership, a relation that was maintained 
until the father's retirement from business. 



8 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



In 1879 our subject established the New- 
ark Citv Brewery, on East Market street, 
and has there built up an enterprise which 
has attained considerable magnitude, being 
one of the largest breweries in the county. 
Its products meet with a ready market 
throughout the state and the large sales 
of the brewery yield to the proprietor a 
handsome income. In addition to his other 
interests Mr. Wiedenmayer is a member of 
the directorate of the German Savings 
Bank of Newark and of the Newark Tele- 
phone Company. He is a man of great en- 
ergy, strong determination and unfaltering 
purpose, and carries forward to successful 
completion whatever he undertakes. 

In Trenton, New Jersey, Mr. Wieden- 
mayer was united in marriage to Miss Mara 
M. Becker, the wedding being celebrated 
June 8, 1870. The lady is a daughter of 
Joseph B. and Helena (Flesch) Becker, 
and by her marriage has become the moth- 
er of four children : George C, a graduate 
of the high school of Newark, is now with 
his father in business: Gustav A., a mem- 
ber of the graduating class of 1898 in La- 
fayette College, of Easton, Pennsylvania; 
Joseph E., a member of the graduating 
class of the Newark high school: and Helen 
C, a student in Newark Seminary. The 
family attend the German Reformed 
church. 

Politically Mr. Wiedenmayer is a Demo- 
crat, and on tliat ticket was twice elected 
alderman. At the beginning of his second 
term he was chosen president of the city 
council, and in 1889 was elected by a splen- 
did majority to represent his district in the 
state legislature, where he carried consid- 
erable influence, leaving the impress of his 
individuality upon the legislation of the 
state. He takes considerable interest in 



civic societies, is a valued member of St. 
John's Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of which he 
is past master; is a member of Harmony 
Chapter, R. A. M., of Kane Council, R. & 
S. M.. and of Atlas Lodge, I. O. O. F., of 
Newark, and by his genial manner and cor- 
dial disposition has won many friends in 
these organizations. It is a creditable fact 
that his business success is the result of his 
own judicious management and that his 
own strength of character served as the 
foundation for his prosperity. 



WILLIAM L. BEACH, 

of Roseland, was born in Hanover, Morris 
county. New Jersey, on the 13th of April, 
1834. His father, Lindsey J. Beach, also 
a native of Hanover, was a son of Noah 
Beach, whose birth also occurred in Morris 
county and who represented a family long 
connected with the settlement of this state. 
The mother of our subject bore the maiden 
name of Sarah Ball and was a daughter of 
Phineas K. Ball, of Morris county. Lind- 
sey and Sarah Beach became the parents of 
eleven children, ten of whom reached years 
of maturity. 

William L. Beach, the third in order of 
birth, was reared in Hanover to the age of 
seventeen years, when he left the parental 
roof an entered upon an apprenticeship to 
a blacksmith. His term covered four years, 
after which he worked as a journeyman for 
ten vears, and then came to Roseland. 
where he established a smithy of his own 
and has been since engaged in business for 
himself. He has built up a good trade and 
is a popular workman, whose enterprise 
and industry have enabled him to secure a 
liberal patronage. 

In 1 86 1, in Hanover, was celebrated the 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



marriage whicli united the destinies of Mr. 
Beacli and Miss Susan A. Winnans, a 
daughter of Joseph B. Winnans, of Han- 
over. Her death occurred on the nth of 
July, 1889, at the age of fifty-three years, 
and Mr. Beach was again married, in Feb- 
ruary, 1890, his second union being with 
Miss Jessie Howell, of Xewark, a daughter 
of Ambrose Howell, who died in Newark 
in 1897. Mr. Beach is a member of the 
Presbyterian church of Roseland, and has 
served as one of its elders from its organi- 
zation. He exercises his right of fran- 
chise in support of the principles of the Re- 
publican party and is deeply interested in 
its success. A self-made man, he has been 
dependent upon his own efforts since early 
life and has steadily worked his way up- 
ward from humble surroundings to a plane 
of success and competency. 



LOUIS BECKER. 

a farmer and horticulturist of South Orange 
township, Essex county. New Jersey, is a 
native of this county, born in Newark, Jan- 
uary 29, 1862. 

Mr. Becker comes of German parents 
and in him are found many of the charac- 
teristics which distinguish the thrifty Ger- 
man farmers. His father, William F. Beck- 
er, was born in Hanau, Germany, in 1832, 
and about 1848 emigrated to this country, 
landing in New York city and shortly after- 
ward settling in Newark. Here he married 
Miss Christian Turck, who came from Ger- 
many to this country when a girl. Al- 
though only sixteen years of age when he 
landed in America, William F. Becker had 
previous to that time learned the trade of 
jeweler, and this business he followed here 



successfully for many years. For about 
forty years he was a resident of Hilton. He 
died in 1894, at the age of sixty-two years. 
He took a commendable interest in the af- 
fairs of his adopted country, and afifiliated 
with the Republican party, but never 
sought or filled public office. Such was his 
life that he won and retained the respect of 
all those with whom he was associated. 

Louis Becker received his schooling 
chiefly at Hilton. At the age of fifteen he 
entered upon an apprenticeship to the art 
of engraving, with the firm of Carter. 
Sloan & Company, of Newark, became pro- 
ficient in the same and subsequently en- 
gaged in business for himself. However, 
his tastes were in another direction and he 
soon turned from engraving to farming and 
horticulture. In this he has been very suc- 
cessful. He is the owner of some valuable 
realty, including his beautiful country place 
and property on Burnet avenue. South 
Orange. 

December 24, 1884, Mr. Becker married 
Miss Emma Gant, a native of Bergen coun- 
ty. New Jersey, and a daughter of James 
Gant. who came to this country from Eng- 
land in the early part of the present cen- 
tury. The_\- ha\-e two children. Emma Cora 
and George Norman, aged respectively 
eight and ten years. 

Mr. Becker is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Foresters and the Ma- 
sonic order, his membership in the latter 
being in Irvington Lodge. No. 10, F. & A. 
M.. where he has passed all the chairs and 
now fills the office of worshipful master. 
L'nlike his father, he is irlentified with the 
Democratic party. He is public-spirited 
and progressive, actively interested in local 
affairs, and has filled some important posi- 
tions. For two years he was a township 



lO 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



committeeman and for a number of years 
he has been a memlier of the board of edu- 
cation. 



EMIL ZEHMISCH. 

Tlie German type is one that has found 
man_v representati\-es in the New World, 
and is one that has ever lieen found fore- 
most in giving impetus to the march of 
progress, in retaining a clear mental grasp, 
and in directing affairs along safe and con- 
servative lines. America owes much to the 
Teutonic race, and among its worthy rep- 
resentatives in New Jersey is the subject 
of this review, a young man who ranks first 
among the grocers of the Orange valley. 
His life has been one of well directed indus- 
try and has therefore been crowned bv a 
merited success. 

Mr. Zehmisch was born in the old town 
of Zeitz, in Saxony, Germany, Januarv 7, 
185C). and is a son of Frederick and Chris- 
tiana (Schuman) Zehmisch, also natives of 
Saxony. The father, also born in Zeitz, ac- 
quire<l his education in its public schools, 
after which he learned the stone-cutter's 
trade, which became his life's occupation. 
He was a just man in all his business tran- 
sactions, conscientious and honorable, and 
all who knew him esteemed him highly 
for his genuine worth. He departed this 
life in 1884, but his widow is still living and 
resides with her daughter Mary in the city 
of Hamburg, Germany. They were the 
parents of five children : Bertha, wife of 
John Kresse. a resident of Leipsic, Ger- 
many; Mary, wife of Amandus Metzler, 
who is living in Hamburg; Emil; Pauline, 
a widow, now residing in Hamburg, Ger- 
many; and Emma, now Mrs. Hemmerden, 
also of Hamburg. 



Reared at his parental home, Emil Zeh- 
misch accjuired his education in the schools 
of his native town, and like his father 
learned the stone-cutter's trade, after which 
he worked as a journeyman in Hamburg 
for several years. In 1881 he decided to 
come to America, believing that better 
business opportunities were here afforded 
to the ambitious young man; nor was he 
disappointed in this hope. Accordingly he 
made arrangements for leaving the father- 
land, and on the 21st of July, 1881, landed 
at New York, after a voyage of thirteen 
days. In that city he secured employment 
at his trade, which he followed iti the east- 
ern metropolis for about eight years. In 
1890 he removed to Hoboken, New Jersey, 
where he opened a grocery store, carrying 
on a successful trade at that point until 
October. 1894, when he came to Orange 
and purchased the premises he now oc- 
cupies. He has here a large and commo- 
dious store room and is conducting the 
leading grocery of the place. His store is 
well arranged and supplied with a large 
and carefully selected stock of staple and 
fancy groceries; his earnest desire to please 
his customers and his fair dealing has se- 
cured to him a liberal patronage, and he is 
meeting with a success that is well deserved. 

Mr. Zehmisch began life in this country 
empty-handed but has steadily worked his 
way upward. Industry wisely and vigor- 
ously applied never fails of success; it car- 
ries a man onward and upward, brings out 
his indixidual character, and acts as a pow- 
erful stimulus to the efforts of others. The 
greatest results in life are usually attained 
by simple means and the exercise of the 
ordinary qualities of common sense and 
perseverance. The every-day life, with its 
cares, necessities and duties, affords ample 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



II 



opportunities for acquiring experience of 
the best kind, and its most beaten paths 
provide a true worker with abundant scope 
for effort and for self-improvement. j\lr. 
Zehmisch has ever made the most of his 
opportunities, and in the every-day walks of 
life has so ruled his actions as to gain a 
foremost place in business circles and also 
in the esteem of his fellow townsmen. He 
is a valued member of Union Lodge, No. 
II, F. & A. M., of Orange, and of Friedens 
Lodge. No. 330. L O. O. F., of New York. 
In the city of Hamburg, Germany. August 
5, 1879, Mr. Zehmisch was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Amelia Theede, who was born 
May 27, 1858, in the old city of Altona, 
near the city of Hamburg, Germany, and 
is a daughter of Otto and Louisa (Earth) 
Theede, natives of Schleswig-Holstein. 
They have two children : Reinhokl, born 
June 5, 1880; and Alma, born June 2, 1881. 
After two years' residence in New York, 
Mr. Zehmisch was there joined by his little 
family. They attend the Lutheran church 
in Orange and in social circles they oc- 
cupy an enviable position. 



JOHN VOSS, 

a member of the well known firm of Lord 
& Company, who are extensively engaged 
in the house-painting and decorating busi- 
ness at No. 19 Center street. Orange, is a 
native of Germany, his birth having oc- 
curred on the 28th of June, 1856. in the 
town of Suederhastadt, province of Schles- 
wig-Holstein. His parents, Henry and 
Antje (Schmidt) Voss, were also of German 
stock. Henry Voss passed his entire life in 
agricultural pursuits and was regarded as 
a worthy, industrious citizen by his neigh- 



bors and attained some local distinction as 
a musician of merit. He died at the town 
of Ouickbon, on the 6th of March, 1866. 
His wife still survives, at present living in 
her native country. 

John Voss received a common-school 
education in the public institutions of Ger- 
many, attending the same until sixteen 
years old, when, in accordance with the 
custom of the land, he was apprenticed to a 
trade, choosing that of painting and deco- 
rating. After completing his apprentice- 
ship he worked as a journeyman until 1876, 
when he was drafted into the military ser- 
vice for a term of three years, and on the 
expiration of that period he returned home 
and resumed his chosen trade. 

Li 1880 he decided to seek broader fields 
for his labors, and, his attention being di- 
rected to the New World, he left home on 
the loth of November, 1880, crossed the 
Atlantic and landed at New York on the 
29th of the same month. Here Mr. Voss 
pursued various occupations, also in Con- 
necticut and New Jersey, and in 1884 came 
to Orange, where he once more took up 
his trade and followed it on his own re- 
sponsibility until 1890, when he entered 
into partnership with William Lord and 
Richard Grimm, under the firm name of 
Lord & Company, and has since that time 
met with signal success in that line of en- 
terprise. The firm has become well and 
favorably known in this part of the state 
and has executed the decorating and finish- 
ing of some of the finest of the modern resi- 
dences throughout Essex and adjacent 
counties. 

As to social relations, we may state that 
Mr. Voss is a member of John F. Morse 
Lodge, No. 83, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, of Orange: and he has also been 



12 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



more or less identified with a number of 
singing societies in this city. Regarding 
political matters, Mr. Voss prefers to re- 
main neutral, supporting those candidates 
whom he considers personally to be the 
most worthy of official preferment. 

The marriage of Mr. Voss was consum- 
mated on the 19th of October, 1887, when 
he was united to Miss Mary Louise Kazen- 
mayer, a daughter of Otto and Mary 
Louisa (\'olk) Kazenmayer. Mr. and Mrs. 
Voss are the parents of three children, 
namely : Bertha Louisa, born March 7, 
1888; Albert Frederick W.. born Decem- 
ber 20, 1889; and Antje Augusta Marie, 
born July 23, 1894. Mr. Voss and family 
are consistent adherents of the German 
Presbyterian church. 



JAMES W. C. GARDNER, 

now deceased, for many years a leading 
representative of the business interests of 
Essex county, was born January 18, 1832, 
and was a son of Charles E, and Catherine 
(Crozier) Gardner, whose children were as 
follows: James W. C. ; Sarah J.; Frances, 
wife of Joseph Wightman; Charles N.. and 
\\'illiam C. The grandfather. James Gard- 
ner, wedded Mary Earl and made his lK)me 
in W'eehawken, where he followed the oc- 
cupation of farming. 

The ancestry of the family can lie traced 
back to the time of Cromwell, at which time 
a member of the family owned a large es- 
tate in England. He was assassinated for 
political reasons, and the estate which he 
owned was recently advertised by the gov- 
ernment of that country, but the heirs were 
unable to secure possession of it on account 
of some little technicalitv and it reverted to 



the state. A son, Thomas Gardner, emi- 
grated to America and settled in Winches- 
ter, New York, where he married a widow 
whose name was Mary Ann Smith. Their 
son Elijah, who married Sarah Force, lo- 
cated at Linion Hill, New Jersey, and was 
the owner of all of the land on which the 
town is now built, and much besides. He 
died in 1809. a member of the Presbyterian 
church, and his remains were deposited in 
the Springfield cemetery. After his death 
his widow and son John removed to New 
York, where the latter was reared and edu- 
cated. He married Miss Phoebe Ann 
Bruen and li\-ed in Newark, New Jersey. 
He served as a soldier in the war of 1812 
and was the first coach-builder at Newark, 
doing an extensive business and employing 
a force of more than one hundred workmen. 
His coaches were shipped largely to the 
south and Mexico; and he conducted the 
old manufactory on Montgomery and Me- 
chanic streets. He died May 24, i860, and 
his wife died December 31, 1859. Their 
children were Sarah, Ann, William Bruen, 
]\Iaria Louisa (ist), Maria Louisa (2d), 
Frances Henrietta, 

James W. C. Gardner, whose name intro- 
duces this review, was reared on the farm, 
but after entering upon his business career 
established a coal yard in Newark, where 
he carried on operations for some time, en- 
joying a large trade and deriving therefrom 
a lucrative patronage. He also conducted 
a coal yard in South Orange, and his enter- 
prise, capable management and honorable 
dealing brought to him success of which 
he was well deserving. At length he dis- 
posed of his coal interests and removed to 
Delaware, where he engaged in fruit-farm- 
ing. He owned a valuable place, set out 
with fine varieties of the fruit best adapted 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



13 



to the climate, and asrain his sound judg- 
ment in business affairs and his well direct- 
ed efforts brous^ht him prosperity. He car- 
ried on that enterprise until his death, 
which occurred on the 19th of June, 1883. 
He had the respect of all who knew him and 
his loss was mourned by many friends. 

Mr. Gardner was united in marriage to 
Miss Frances Henrietta, daughter of John 
and Phoebe Ann (Bruen) Gardner, John 
being a son of Elijah and Sarah (Force) 
Gardner. Mrs. Gardner is now living in 
Newark, surrounded by her many friends. 
Her excellence of character and her sterling 
worth have endeared her to those whom 
she has met, and by all she is highly es- 
teemed. 



EDWIN J. VAN REYPER, 

a florist of Belleville, was born June 18, 
1859, in Jersey City, New Jersey, and 
is a son of John Van Horn and Mar- 
garet A. (Van Riper) Van Reyper. 
The father also was a native of Jersey 
City, and was a successful florist. Ed- 
win J. Van Reyper attended the common 
schools in his early youth, and later pur- 
sued a course of study in Hasbrook Insti- 
tute, of Jersey Citv. He learned the flor- 
ist's business with his father, continuing to 
act as his assistant until 1882, when he em- 
barked in business on his own account in 
Jersey City. In 1886 he removed to his 
present location in Belleville, where he has 
built up an excellent trade, doing both a 
wholesale and retail business, dealing in all 
kinds of flowers. He has an extensive pat- 
ronage in New York city, Jersey City, 
Newark, and other places, and no finer 
specimens of floriculture can be found upon 
the market than those which come from his 



greenhouses. He has made a close and 
thorough study of the business, under- 
stands fully the needs and requirements of 
the various kinds of plants, and the beauti-. 
ful flowers which he produces insure him a 
very liberal patronage. 

On the 5th of November, 1885, Mr. Van 
Reyper was united in marriage to Miss 
Anna E. Joraleman, a daughter of John B. 
Joraleman, a member of one of the old 
and worthy families of Belleville. By this 
union have been born two children : Clar- 
ence Edwin, who died at the age of two 
years; and Florence Edna, who is now at- 
tending the public schools. The parents 
attend the Dutch Reformed church of 
Belleville, and Mr. \'an Reyper is a mem- 
ber of Belleville Lodge, No. 108, F. & A. 
M. In his political views he is a stalwart 
Republican, is a member of the Republican 
central committee of Essex county, and is 
now serving his second term as a member 
of the board of freeholders. 



GEORGE A. ALBEY, 

dealer in fruits and vegetables at No. 195 
^lain street, was born in the city of Orange, 
New Jersey, on the 15th of January, 1865, 
a son of Nicholas and Catherine (Kutcher) 
Albey. The father is a native of Germany, 
and the mother was born in Morris county, 
New Jersey. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of East Orange, and at the age 
of eighteen he began to learn the printer's 
trade and was employed in the office of the 
Orange Journal until attaining his major- 
ity, when he engaged in the fruit and vege- 
table business in the employ of J. T. Munn 
& Company, and remained with them for 
several years. On May i, 1892, he came to 



M 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Orange and located at his present place 
on Main street, where he has since carried 
on a flourishing business, his success being 
the logical result of industry, perseverance 
and honorable methods in all his dealings, 
which have gained for him an extensive 
patronage among the best families in 
Orange. 

In relation to his social connections Mr. 
Albey is a popular and highly respected 
member of the Masonic fraternity, his affili- 
ation being with Lafayette Lodge, No. 12, 
of Orange. In his political adherency he is 
a Republican and a stanch advocate of the 
principles and policies of that party. 

Mr. Albey celebrated his marriage at 
Orange on the 30th of June, 189 1, when he 
was united to Miss Bernice Mabel Tolfree, 
a daughter of Francis and Eliza (Van Ness) 
Tolfree, and they are the parents of one 
child, Helen Irene, who was born June 13, 
1892. Mr. Albey is an adherent of the 
Bethel Presbyterian church, of East 
Orange, while his wife is a communicant of 
the First Methodist Episcopal church, of 
Orange. They are both well known in the 
Oranges and enjoy the warm regard of 
their numerous friends. 

Nicholas xMbey, father of the foregoing, 
was born in Germany on the 8th of May, 
1837, and is a son of Michael and Caroline 
(Emmons) Albey. He received a limited 
education in the public schools of his na- 
tive country, and at the age of twelve was 
brought by his parents to America, where, 
upon arriving at his fifteenth year, he was 
apprenticed to the blacksmith trade under 
William Morrison, at Montclair, New Jer- 
sey, and after completing a three and a 
half years' service he worked as a journey- 
man for some time. He then moved to 
Orange and engaged in the grocery busi- 



ness for a period of seven years, but eventu- 
ally returned to his trade and in 1891 
opened a shop in East Orange, where he is 
at present located. 

Mr. Albey married Miss Catherine 
Kutcher. a daughter of Louis and Adeline 
Kutcher, of German stock, and this union 
has been blessed with five children, as fol- 
lows: Louis N., born October 20, 1861, 
died November 8, 1895; George A., born 
January 15, 1865: Emma, born February 
17, 1868, married Nelson Gambol, of East 
Orange, and they have three children, — 
Lillie May, Leroy and Louis Albey; Ed- 
ward F. born October 6, 1872, resides with 
his parents; and Lillie May, born Septem- 
ber 17, 1875. Mr. and Mrs. Albey are 
Ijoth consistent members of the Bethel 
Presbyterian church, of East Orange. 

Michael Albey was born in Germany and 
came to America with his family in 1845, 
landed in New York and later took up his 
residence in Pompton Plains, Morris coun- 
tv. New Jersey, where he lived a short time 
and then came to Orange. He located near 
Orange mountain, followed farming and 
there passed the most of his life, the latter 
part of which he spent in Montclair, and 
there his death occurred, when he had at- 
tained the advanced age of seventy years. 
He married Miss Caroline Emmons, and 
her demise took place in Montclair when 
she was about forty-five years old. 

To yir. and Mrs. Albey were born the 
following children : Nicholas, of whom 
we have just written; John, who married 
Miss IMary Smith, and they reside in New- 
ark with their four children, — Frederick, 
Herbert, Walter and William. Frederick 
married Miss Sarah Fisher and they have 
two sons and three daughters; Catherine 
became the wife of Frank Grier and they 



ESSEX UOUNTY. 



have two children, — Joseph and Barbara; 
Augustus married, and died at the age of 
twenty-five years, leaving one child, Mor- 

rell. ' " ; " 



HERMAN STAHXTEN, 

a member of the board of aldermen of New- 
ark, and a well known grocer of the city, 
was born in Bremen, Germany, on the 20th 
of September, 1862, ana is a son of Herman 
and Mary Stahnten, who are still living in 
the Fatherland. The former followed the 
sea for many years, but is now living re- 
tired. Their family numbered ten children. 
— six sons and four daughters. 

The subject of this review was reared 
under the parental roof and acquired his 
education in the schools of his native land. 
When a young man of twenty years he de- 
termined to seek a home in America, hop- 
ing to find here better opportunities of se- 
curing a competence as the reward of hon- 
est labor. Landing in New York in 1882. 
he at once sought and soon obtained em- 
ployment in a grocery store there. He did 
not wait for a specially brilliant opening,— 
indeed he could not wait, and his natural in- 
dustry would not have permitted him to do 
so. even though his financial circumstances 
had been such as to make it possible. At 
that time he showed conspicuously the 
traits of character that have made his life 
very successful. He conscientiously and 
industriously performed all the duties that 
devolved upon him and his faithful service 
is indicated by the fact that he remained for 
three years in his first position. He located 
in Newark in 1886 and engaged in the re- 
tail grocery trade at No. 81 Niagara street, 
w^here he has since remained, and from the 
beginning he has met with gratifying suc- 



cess, securing a profitable and constantly 
increasing business. 

]Mr. Stahnten was married on the 20th of 
February, 1887. the lady of his choice being 
Miss Mary Thiel, of Newark, who was born 
in Hessen-Darmstadt, Germany, and came 
to America when a maiden of fourteen 
summers. Her father was Adam Thiel, who 
died when she was onlv four years of age. 
after which her mother came to the United 
States (about 1887), and is now living with 
her daughter in Newark. Mr. and Mrs. 
Stahnten became the parents of a daughter 
and three sons, namely: Annie, Herman, 
Albert and Arthur. The daughter, who 
was the eldest of the family, died at the age 
of three years. The parents are members of 
the Lutheran church, contribute liberally to 
its support and are highly esteemed in 
church and social circles. 

Mr. Stahnten is prominent in local politi- 
cal circles, and in the spring of 1896 was 
elected a member of the boartl of alder- 
men of Newark from the twelfth ward. 
During that year he was a member of the 
committee on weights and measures and 
also the market committee. In the present 
year (1897) he is chairman of the weights 
and measures committee, and a member of 
the license committee. He belongs to the 
Knights of Honor and also to several sing- 
ing societies, having a great fondness for 
music. 



HARRY B. EPSTEIN, M. D., 

one of the more recent additions to the 
medical profession of Newark, located here 
on the 15th of June. 1896, and has an oiifice 
and residence at No. 301 Bergen street. He 
was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, on the 
20th of June. 1870, and is a son of Baruch 



i6 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



and Bertha Epstein, both of whom were na- 
tives of Germany. They were married in 
that country and came to the United States 
in 1868, locating in Elizabeth, where they 
have since resided. The father is there en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits. 

Dr. Epstein was reared under the parent- 
al roof in the city of his nativity and was 
graduated at the public school. No. i. At 
the age of fifteen he entered a drug store 
as an apprentice and in 1890 was graduated 
in the New York College of Pharmacy, 
after which he was engaged for one year 
as a teacher of pharmaceutical chemistry in 
the New York Preparatory School. On 
the expiration of that period he began the 
study of medicine in the University of New 
York, where he pursued a thorough and 
comprehensi\'e course and was graduated 
with the class of 1895. He became a mem- 
ber of the surgical staf? of the Alexian 
Hospital at' Elizabeth. New Jersey, and at 
the present time is the visiting physician 
for that hospital. Coming to Newark, he 
has since been engaged in general practice 
here and is meeting with fair success. He 
is well versed in the science of medicine and 
has achieved considerable distinction in the 
prosecution of his chosen profession. His 
devotion to his duty has also won him the 
public confidence and his success might well 
lie envied by many an older practitioner. 



HON. WTLLIAM WRIGHT. 

There is in every person a something 
that is inseparable, — the suggestive power 
or character; the individuality. — and he 
knows neither himself nor mankind who 
believes that he can analyze the deeds and 
actions of men w-ithout taking into account 
this ever recurring principle. The history 
of the citv of Newark and of the state of 



New Jersey will ever give cognizance to 
the sterling character and distinguished 
public services of the honored subject of 
this memoir, while he left not less percept- 
ibly the impress of his individuality and 
powers upon the industrial progress of the 
metropolis of the state, recognized as one 
of the leading manufacturing centers of the 
Union. 

William Wright was a native of Rock- 
land count}'. New- York, where he was born 
about the year 1790, the son of Dr. Will- 
iam Wright, a graduate of Yale College, 
representing old and honored families of 
the republic. The subject of this review 
received such educational advantages as 
were commonly available in this section 
and period, his inherent force of character 
and exceptional mental receptiveness being 
such as to engender a distinct and powerful 
intellectuality, which dominated his entire 
life. Earlv in life he became identified with 
practical business and eventually became 
engaged in the saddlery trade in Bridge- 
port, Connecticut. From that city he re- 
moved to Newark, New Jersey, about the 
year 1821, and here for more than a quar- 
ter of a century he was most actively and 
successfully engaged in the saddlery and 
harness business. The firm of wdiich he 
was originally a member in Newark was 
founded about the year 1823. conducting 
operations under the title of Smith & 
Wright, the membership of the firm some 
vears later comprising Hanford Smith, 
William Wright. Edwin Van Antwerp and 
William Faitoute. Their establishment 
was from the start the leading one in the 
city, and their business eventually became 
the most extensive of any similar enterprise 
in the Union. Their extensive factory, a 
portion of which is still standing, was lo- 



THE 

NEW YORK 

[PUBLIC LIBP.ARYl 

^ Astor, Ltnox ind Tdden , 

Foundations. 

1901 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



17 



cated at tlie southeast corner of Broad and 
Fair streets. 

Through his well directed efforts and 
marked executive ability in the business 
world Mr. Wright attained well merited 
financial success, but his greatest distinc- 
tion and his peculiar claim to place on the 
pages of history lie in his service to the 
state and nation as the incumbent of ex- 
alted public office. He retired from active 
business about the year 1854. antecedent 
to which time he had manifested a lively 
interest in public aiifairs, being so resolute 
of purpose and so intellectually resourceful 
that such interest was in natural sequence. 
He was a live man. a distinct man, if we 
may be allowed the expression, and the 
mental horizon and the field for endeavor 
on the part of such a one are never circum- 
scribed by narrow limitations. His public 
spirit and concern as to the progress and 
prosperity of Newark led to his selection 
as the Whig candidate for mayor of New- 
ark in 1841: he was elected and was re- 
tained in this principal municipal office for 
three terms, — a fact clearly indicative of 
the popular appreciation of his administra- 
tive ability. In 1S42, while still the in- 
cumbent as mayor, Air. Wright was nomi- 
nated for congress and was successful at 
the polls, his opponent being the Hon. 
William B. Kinney, whose distinguished 
ability and popularity made him a formid- 
able antagonist. Mr. Wright was elected 
as his own successor in congress, in 1844, 
and gained prestige as a safe and conserva- 
tive legislator, — one in whose keeping the 
interests of the people at large could be 
unquestionably entrusted. In 1847 he was 
a candidate for governor of New Jersey, 
but was defeated after a spirited contest, 
his successful opponent being the late Hon. 

ii-2 



Daniel Haines. In his political adherency 
he was originally an old-line Whig, sup- 
porting Henry Clay in 1848, but in 1850, 
showing as ever the courage of his convic- 
tions, he withdrew from tliat party and 
identified himself with the Democracy, 
whose cause he ever afterward ardently 
espoused. In 1853 lie was the Democratic 
candidate for United States senator and 
was elected to this dignified ofifice. At the 
expiration of his term he was succeeded by 
a Republican, owing to a political manceu- 
. vering which had thrown the New Jer- 
sey legislature into the hands of that party; 
but when, in 1863, the Democrats again 
gained the ascendency. Senator Wright 
was again promptly returned to his posi- 
tion in the upper house of the national leg- 
islature. He was still in tenure of this 
of^ce at the time of his death, which took 
place on the ist of November, 1866, at the 
age of seventv-six vears. The reputation 
which he left as a i)recious heritage to his 
statewas not that of superficial brilliancy 
as a speaker, but that of an inflexible integ- 
rity, a broad mental grasp and a pragmatic 
ability which luade him at once a prudent 
counselor and one whose every thought 
and act was regulated by the deepest sense 
of conscientious obligation. His person- 
ality was one which gained to him not only 
esteem and confidence, but also the lasting 
friendship of those with whom he came in 
contact. While firm in his convictions he 
was ever tolerant and charitable; his was a 
noble character and his a life that counted 
for good in all the relations in which he 
was placed. In his religious views Mr. 
Wright was an earnest and devoted 
churchman of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, and he was one of the most influ- 
ential and honored communicants of the 



i8 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



House of Prayer, being one of the most 
liberal contributors to all portions of the 
parish work as well as that of the church 
at large. In the interior walls of the House 
of Prayer, on Broad street, Newark, has 
been let in a memorial tablet to this hon- 
ored benefactor, and a most beautiful and 
consonant phrase of the inscription thereon 
is this, that "charity was the rule of his 
life." 



EDWARD HENRY WRIGHT. 

As the progress or prosperity of a nation 
is the result of the aggregate endeavor of 
its individual citizens, so the history of a 
nation is the record of the composite 
achievements of its people. Biography 
thus l)ecomes the very foundation upon 
which must rest all general history of man- 
kind. The importance of making perma- 
nent record of the life of men who are 
worthy of such distinction can not be over- 
estimated. The subject of this review 
stands forward as one of New Jersey's 
honored and representative citizens. — one 
who has rendered distinguished service on 
the field of battle, who has proved a worthy 
incumbent of offices of high public trust 
and responsibility, anrl who has attained 
that success in temporal affairs which is the 
reward for earnest anrl well directed effort 
and which has in every case an important 
bearing upon the stable prosperity of any 
community. 

Colonel Edward H. Wright is a native 
son of the city of Newark, New Jersey, the 
date of his birth having been April 5, 1824. 
His parents were Hon. William Wright 
and Minerva (Peet) Wright, the father hav- 
ing been a man of distinguished abilities 
and having served with signal honor as a 



member of the United States senate. Col- 
onel Wright received his preliminary edu- 
cational discipline at St. Paul's School, 
College Point, Long Island, and after due 
preparation entered the College of New 
Jersey, at Princeton, where he graduated 
as a member of the class of 1844. He 
eventually received from his alma mater 
the degree of Alaster of Arts. After the 
completion of his collegiate course he be- 
gan the work of preparing himself for the 
legal profession, his preliminary studies in 
this specific line having been prosecuted un- 
der the preceptorship of Alexander Hamil- 
ton, of New York, ami Archer Gifford, of 
Newark. He finally matriculated in the 
Harvard Law School, from which he was 
duly admitted to the bar of his native state. 
Colonel Wright passed the greater portion 
of the years 1848 and 1849 in foreign 
travel, and shortly after his return to the 
United States, in May, 1850. he received 
from President Taylor, the appointment as 
secretary of the United States legation at 
St. Petersburg. Russia, whither he forth- 
with proceeded, retaining this honorable 
diplomatic preferment for a period of 
nearl}- four years. 

When the integrity of the nation was 
menaced by armed rebellion. Colonel 
Wright, with the patriotic ardor of a true 
son of the republic, promptly volunteered 
his services, and in May, 1861, was ap- 
pointed major of the Sixth Cavalry, United 
States Army, and aide-de-camp on the staff 
of Lieutenant-General Winfield Scott, in 
which connection he held the rank of 
colonel. L'pon the retirement of General 
Scott, Colonel Wright was appointed aide- 
de-camp on the staff of Major-General 
George B. McCleilan, with the rank of col- 
onel, and in this command did active and 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



19 



valiant service in the Peninsula and Mary- 
land campaigns. He was recommended 
for two brevets for gallant and meritorious 
service and manifested at all times the true 
soldierly qualities. The Colonel is a mem- 
ber of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, and is past commander of Max L. 
Ward Post, No. 88, Grand Army of the 
Republic. He is president of the board 
of managers of the New Jersey Home for 
Disabled Soldiers, with which noble insti- 
tution he has been intimately identified for 
more than a quarter of a century. 

Colonel Wright is a director of the Mu- 
tual Benefit Life Insurance Company, the 
Fireman's Lisurance Company, and was a 
director of the old Newark Gas Company. 
His interest in all that touches the progress 
and prosperity of his native city has been 
constant and vigorous, and his influence 
in affairs of public nature has been a potent 
and effective one. In his political adher- 
ency he is stanchly arrayed in the support 
of the Democratic party, in which he has 
been a zealous worker. For almost half 
a century he has been a member of the 
Union Club, of New York city; is one of 
the prominent members of the Essex Club, 
of Newark, of which he served as vice- 
president for several terms; and is a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees of the Epis- 
copal Fund of the Diocese of Newark. 

In the autumn of the year i860 was sol- 
emnized the marriage of Colonel Wright to 
Miss Dorathea Mason, daughter of Hon. 
Stevens Thomson Mason, the first govern- 
or of the state of Michigan and the founder 
of the famous University of Michigan. 

A man of culture and fine intellectuality, 
distinguished as a soldier and a citizen, 
broad and charitable in his judgments, 
true to all that is best in the various rela- 



tions of life, courteous at all times and to 
all people, Colonel Wright is distinctly a 
representative citizen of New Jersey. 



JOHN LUTHER DURYEE, M. D., 

a leading member of the medical profession, 
belongs to one of the distinguished families 
of this part of the country, its members hav- 
ing attained to eminent position in those 
walks of life which call forth the strongest 
mentality, the best business ability and the 
most brilliant intellectual achievements. In 
his own professional career he has fully sus- 
tained the high reputation which the family 
bears and has gamed a foremost place in 
the ranks of the medical fraternity. 

Born in the fourth ward in Newark, on 
the 20th of July, 1845. '^^ 's a son of Peter 
Sharpe Duryee, who was born in New 
York city in 1807. The grandfather, 
George Duryee, who successfully practiced 
law in New York for a number of years, 
was born in Newtown, Long Island, where 
his Huguenot ancestors had located on 
coming to America. Peter Sharpe Duryee 
was for many years the leailing spirit in 
the well known firm of Rankin & Duryee, 
hat manufacturers. At an early age he was 
apprenticed to learn the trade of hat-mak- 
ing with William Rankin, whose partner 
he afterward became. Mr. Rankin was a 
native of Charleston, South Carolina, 
whence with his parents he removed to 
Nova Scotia and afterward to Troy, New 
York. His next i)Iace of residence was 
Elizabeth. New Jersey, where he married 
the daughter of John Ogden, one of the 
earlv settlers of Elizabeth. There he es- 
tablished his hat manufactory, which he sub- 
sequently removefl to Newark. He was 
joined by his son-in-law, Peter S. Duryee, 
and the firm gained a leading place in their 



20 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



line of trade. Theirs was one of the few 
extensive manufacturing estabHshments in 
Newark which did not shut down during 
the financial panic of 1837, business being 
carried on profitably and continuously until 
the civil war, when it was closed out. Pre- 
vious to this Mr. Rankin had retired and 
erected a large number of houses in New- 
ark, deriving a good income from his prop- 
erty investments. 

Following the closing out of the hat busi- 
ness Peter Duryee became connected with 
a number of important business enterprises 
of Newark, which not only advanced his 
individual prosperity, but also promoted 
the general welfare of the city. He was 
president of the Newark & New York 
Turnpike Company, was a director in the 
National State Bank and was one of the 
founders of and most liberal donors toward 
the building of the North Reformed 
church, of Newark. He contributed freely 
of his means to many enterprises calculated 
to benefit the community and aided largely 
in the promotion of moral, educational and 
social as well as business interests. His 
death occurred in September, 1877. His 
wife was Susan, the third daughter of Will- 
iam Rankin, and a lady of superior educa- 
tion and many attainments. She possessed 
a broad charity and sympathy that were 
manifest in many acts of benevolence and 
kindness, quietly and thoughtfully per- 
formed. Her death occurred in November, 
1886. Nine children survived the parents. 

W'illiam Rankin Duryee, the eldest, died 
in January. 1897. in New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, where he served as professor of 
ethics in Rutgers College. For thirty 
years he was pastor of the Lafayette Re- 
formed church, at Jersey City, and was a 
man whose influence was most beneficent 



and widely felt. He was a graduate of 
Rutgers College of the class of 1856, and 
read law in the office of Frederick T. Fre- 
linghuysen. He was afterward graduated 
at the Theological Seminary of New Bruns- 
wick and then entered the Union Army as 
chaplain of the First Kentucky Regiment, 
serving under General Grant in the south- 
west. Ill health forced him to resign after 
a few months and he returned home. When 
he had sufficiently recovered he accepted 
the pastorate of the Lafayette Reformed 
church in Jersey City and served in that 
place until his death. He was a well known 
writer and published a book of poems. A 
poem entitled The Ivingdom of Home, 
which he wrote as a contestant for a prize 
offered by a leading periodical, was widely 
published throughout the country. He was 
a prominent member of the college fra- 
ternity, Zeta Psi, and wrote one of their 
most popular and widely known songs. 
Rev. Dr. Duryee married Charlotte Nut- 
man, a member of a well known family of 
Newark, who died leaving one son and 
three daughters. His second wife was a 
daughter of Dr. Theodore Richard Varick, 
a noted surgeon of Jersey City. His daugh- 
ters, Annie and Mary Duryee, are living in 
Newark, unmarried. 

Dr. John L. Duryee has won distinction 
in the medical profession. Reared under 
the parental roof, he was provided with ex- 
cellent educational advantages as a prepara- 
tion for life's duties. On the completion of 
a thorough course in Rutgers College, he 
was graduated in that institution with the 
class of 1864 and then matriculated in the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, of 
New York city, where he was graduated 
in 1868. For a short period following his 
graduation he practiced his profession in 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



21 



Champlain, New York, where he was also 
interested in the manufacture of paper. 
From 1870 until 1875 he remained in the 
Empire state and then returned to New- 
ark, where he has since remained, having a 
very pleasant and commodious home at No. 
436 High street. He is a member of the 
Essex County Medical Society and enjoys a 
large patronage. On the 27th of June, 
1872, the Doctor was united in marriage to 
Miss Amy Johnson Hall, a daughter of 
Andrew Austin Hall, deceased, who for 
many years was an extensive importer of 
cloths in New York city. By this union 
have been born three children : Peter 
Sharpe, who was born in Champlain, Clin- 
ton county, New York, April 10, 1873, ^"^ 
who died at the aee of one year; John Law- 
rence, who was born in Champlain, Novem- 
ber 19, 1874, was for eight years a student 
in the Newark Academy, graduating with 
the second honors of his class, after which 
he entered Rutgers College, in 1892, and 
was graduated in 1896 with the third hon- 
ors in a class of sixty : he is now in the gen- 
• eral traffic office of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western Railroad in New York 
city; and Bertha Hall, who was born in 
Newark, was educated in what is now called 
the Norwood School, Newark, New Jersey. 
The family is one of prominence in the city, 
holding an enviable position in social circles 
and enjoying the hospitality of the best 
homes in Newark. 

Charlotte Duryee, the next member of 
the family of Peter S. Duryee, is the wife 
of the Rev. John Frederick Butterworth. 
who at the time of their marriage was the 
rector of Calvary church, at Summit, Union 
county, New Jersey, and is now rector of 
Grace Protestant Episcopal church, in San- 
dusky, Ohio. 



George Sharpe Duryee. who died in Oc- 
tober, 1896, was graduated in Rutgers Col- 
lege in 1872. was admitted to the bar of Es- 
sex county in 1878 and was elected to the 
state legislature for two terms, 1878 and 
1879, being the Democratic candidate for 
speaker of the house during his second 
term. In 1881 he was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Ludlow to the position of clerk in 
chancery, an office he held for five years. 
He was elected a member of the board of 
aldermen of Newark from the fourth ward 
and during his membership in that body 
was chairman of the finance committee. 
He was appointed, by President Cleveland, 
Lnited States district attorney for three 
years; was appointed state commissioner of 
insurance and banking of New Jersey by 
Governor Abbett, and reappointed by Gov- 
ernor Werts. In July, 1896, he journeyed 
to Carlsbad, Germany, in the hope of bene- 
fiting his failing health. In the following 
October he made the return trip, but died 
within forty-eight hours after leaving the 
ship at New York. In 1878 he married Vir- 
ginia Beasley, a daughter of Rev. Dr. Fred- 
erick Beasley, of Torresdale, near Philadel- 
phia, and a niece of Chief Justice Beasley. 
One year after their marriage Mrs. Duryee 
died very suddenly, leaving an infant 
daughter who survived only a few months. 
Mr. Duryee was also a director in the New- 
ark State Bank. 

Joseph Rankin Duryee was educated in 
Lawrenceville Academy, near Princeton, 
New Jersey, and was graduated at Rutgers 
College with the class of 1874, following 
which he was engaged in teaching in the 
Lawrenceville Academy for three years. He 
then entered the Theological Seminary in 
New Brunswick. New Jersey, where he was 
graduated in 1877 and then became pastor 



22 



ESSEX cou:ntt. 



of Grace Reformed church at the corner of 
Seventh avenue and Fifty-fourth street, 
New York city. He married Marg^aret E. 
Sloan, daughter of President Sloan of the 
Delaware. Lackawanna & Western Rail- 
road, of New York city. 

Edward Henry Duryee pursued a course 
of study in Lawrenceville Academy and was 
graduated in Rutgers College in 1876. He 
then took up the study of law. was gradu- 
ated in the Columbia Law School in 1880, 
and is now practicing in Newark, New Jer- 
sey, and is treasurer of the Free Library 
board. Amy Duryee is unmarried. 

George V. W. Duryee, who is numbered 
among the graduates of Rutgers College of 
1889, entered the banking house of Brown 
Brothers, of New York, on the completion 
of his collegiate course, and subsequently 
was connected \\itli the lianking firm of 
Mabon & Kingsley. Wall street. New York. 
He married a daughter of Dr. Ed. D. G. 
Smith, of Newark, and is now living re- 
tired at Saranac Lake, New York. 



EDWARD B. CRANE, 

whgse well spent life justly entitles him to 
the rest from active business cares which he 
is now enjoying, is a representative of one 
of the old families of New Jersey. He was 
born in Cranetown. Essex county, on the 
9th of September. 1833. and is the eldest 
son of Matthias Crane, whose birth oc- 
curred on the old homestead on what is 
now Glenridge avenue, in May, 1802. The 
grandfather, Israel Crane, was born in 
Cranetown. in Bloomfield township, and 
died in March. 1858. in the eighty-fourth 
year of his age. The Crane family origin- 
ated in England, and in 1637 the first 
American ancestors of the name crossed the 



Atlantic, emigrating from London to the 
New World. 

The duties and pleasures of farm life 
early became familiar to Edward B. Crane, 
who was reared in the usual manner of 
farm lads of that period. He began his 
education in a subscription school and later 
attended a boarding school. Subsecjuent- 
ly he was a student in the Bloomfield Acad- 
emy and in the Warren Holt school on top 
of the mountain, and spent a short time also 
in a private school of Orange, taught by 
Albert Pierson, a noted teacher of his day, 
who was a brother of Dr. William Pierson 
and a son of Dr. Isaac Pierson. On put- 
ting aside his text-books to enter upon 
the practical duties of business life. Mr. 
Crane secured a clerkship in the store of his 
uncle. James Crane, of Bloomfield, with 
wliom he remained for three years, but the 
confinement told upon his health and he 
returned to the farm. Soon afterward he 
began contracting and building and erected 
many of the dwellines in Montclair and 
vicinity, continuing that business with ex- 
cellent success until 1872. In that year he 
was employed by the Essex county public 
road board as superintendent of the public 
roads, and acceptably filled that office until 
1888. when he resigned that position and 
retired to private life, burdened by no busi- 
ness cares save the superintendence of his 
property interests. As his financial re- 
sources had increased through all the years 
of his active career, he had made judicious 
investments in real estate, and is now the 
owner of considerable improved and imim- 
proved realty in Montclair. the income 
from which enables him to live retired. 

On the i6th of June. 1858. Mr. Crane 
was united in marriage to Miss Ellen Bald- 
win, a daughter of Samuel S. and Anna 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



23 



Baldwin, of Bloomfield, in which place Mrs. 
Crane was born and reared. By her mar- 
riage she became the mother of four chil- 
dren : Frank W., a civil engineer in Mont- 
clair; Samuel B., manager for Wiss Bros, 
in New York city; Nellie, wife of O. Soper, 
a successful and prominent physician and 
surgeon of Upper Montclair; and Edna G., 
at home. 

In his political views Mr. Crane was a 
Whig until the organization of the Repub- 
lican party, when he joined its ranks and 
has since been one of its stalwart advocates, 
although public office has had no attraction 
for him. His well spent life commends him 
to the confidence and regard of all and his 
friends in the localitv are manv- 



JOSEPH S. AYERS, M. -D. 

Prominent in the medical profession of 
Newark, New Jersey, is found the gentle- 
man whose history we are pleased at this 
point to present to the readers of this work. 
Dr. Joseph S. Avers was born at Fort 
Rockaway, Long Island, November 10. 
i860, and is descended from one of the old- 
est families in this country, — the lineage 
can be traced back to the days of William 
the Conqueror. The first of the Ayers 
family to come to America wa.; John Ayers, 
who crossed the Atlantic as earlv as 1636 
and settled in Massachusetts. The Doctor's 
great-grandfather was Ellis Ayers, a Revo- 
lutionary soldier, who served with Wash- 
ington at Monmouth and Princeton. Oba- 
diah Ayers was the first representative of 
this family to take up his abode in New Jer- 
sey, he having come hither from Newbury- 
port, Massachusetts, about the year 1670. 
He was the son of John Ayers. The grand- 
father of Dr. Avers was Samuel: the father. 



Ezra. Ezra Ayers was born in Union coun- 
ty. New Jersey, where he remained until 
1865, when he located in Newark and en- 
gaged in the grocery business. He is still 
carrying on this business. The Doctor's 
mother was before her marriage Miss Mary 
Ann Jones. She was born in Somerset- 
shire, England, and in 1830 accompanied 
her parents to America, their location be- 
ing in New York, where her father was en- 
gaged in business for some time. Later 
they removed to Westfield, New Jersey. 

Dr. Joseph S. Ayers, the immediate sub- 
ject of this review, received his early educa- 
tion in the connnon schools and the New- 
ark Academy, and when sixteen years of 
age commenced the study of medicine 
under the instructions of Dr. Andrews, of 
Newark. In 1883 he graduated at the New 
York Homoeopathic Medical College. As 
the result of a competitive examination, 
held in the spring of that same year, he re- 
ceived an appointment on the medical staff 
of the Homoeopathic Hospital at Ward's 
Island, where he spent one vear, when he 
resigned to take the position of ambulance 
surgeon at the Cumberland Street Hospi- 
tal, Brooklyn. This latter position he re- 
signed in 1885 in order to enter upon a pri- 
vate practice at Madison, New Jersey. In 
1887 he located in Newark, where he prac- 
ticed for three years, after that going west 
and locating in the state of Washington, 
where he practiced the next three years. 
Returning east, he again settled in Newark 
and here he has since conducted a success- 
ful practice, his office and residence being 
located at No. 21 Avon avenue. 

Dr. Ayers was married in 1885 to Miss 
Mary Corcoran, of New York city, whose 
untimely death occurred in 1891. To them 
was given one child, Florence. 



ESSEX COUXTY 



The Doctor is a public-spirited man, in- 
terested in the welfare of his city, and has 
been lionored with official position of local 
importance. In 1894 he was elected a 
member of the board of aldermen, to repre- 
sent the ninth ward, and served two years, 
the first year being a member of the poor 
and alms and the health committees; the 
second year serving on the public build- 
ings and election committees. 

Socially, he is identified with a number of 
organizations. Besides belonging to the 
State Medical Society, he is a Master 
Mason and an Odd Fellow, and has a mem- 
bership in a popular bicycle club. 



GEORGE H. BROWN, 

who is now living a retired life in South 
Orange, is a native of New York city. His 
father, David Brown, was a native of Essex 
county and belonged to one of the prom- 
inent families of Newark. His brother, 
Obediah Bruen Brown, was a prominent 
and wealthy citizen of Washington, D. C, 
and is said to have entertained all the presi- 
dents of his time in his own home. He 
was chief of the postoffice department, held 
other government ofifices and was a recog- 
nized leader in affairs of state. The pater- 
nal grandfather of our subject, Eleazer 
Brown, was a man of more than ordinary 
ability, and the records show that he was 
the owner of property at the corner of Kin- 
ney and Broad streets, Newark. His wife 
bore the maiden name of Mary Bruen, and 
by their marriage were born the following 
named: Hannah, who married Israel Ball: 
Experience, wife of William Tillou: ]\Iary 
B., wife of John Gardner; Phoebe B.. wife 
of Nehemiah Ward; David B. and Daniel. 
The Brown family has furnished many dis- 
tinguished representatives to the profes- 



sions especially to the law and to the min- 
istry. 

David Brown, father of our subject, mar- 
ried Rachel Mandeville, daughter of Gillis 
Mandeville. The family is of French 
origin, but from their nati\'e land emigrated 
to Holland and thence to America. The 
founder of the family in America was one 
Gillis Mandeville, who located in New 
York city and married Elsie Hendricks. 
The voyage across the .\tlantic was made 
in the ship Gox'ernor Stuy\esant, in 1647. 
Their son Hendricks, liorn in that year, 
was married July 18, 1680, to a daughter 
of A. P. School, an<l their son David, born 
in 1681, was married July 19. 1700, to 
Maria \'an Hoeson, by whom he had a 
son, Gillis ^landeville, who was born in 
1702 and married Rachel Hopper in i/Ji. 
Their son Gillis married Tonaka Waldron, 
a great-granddaughter of Resolve Wal- 
dron, baron, who came from Holland to 
this country in 16 — , being a member of 
the staff of Governor Petrus Stuyvesant. 
The next in the line of direct descent was 
also named Gillis, and on the loth of Sep- 
tember, 1750, he married Elizaljeth Hut- 
ton. It was their daughter, Rachel Mande- 
ville. uho. in 1806, became the wife of 
Da\'iil Brown. 

The father of our suljjcct was for many 
years engaged in the merchant-tailoring 
Inisiness in Greenwich street. New York, 
and had a fair trade, which yielded to him 
a good income. He died in 1S50, and his 
wife, surviving him a lunnber of years, 
passed away in 1862. Their children were 
William Mandeville; Eleazer Bruen, who is 
married and has two living children, Frank 
B. and Ella B.: Mary Elizabeth, who is liv- 
ing in Harlem, New York; and George 
Hutton. 




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ESSEX COUNTY. 



In the city of his hirth Mr. Brown, of 
this review, was reared and educated, and 
turning his attention to bookkeeping, l,e- 
came an expert in that line. For several 
years he was thus engaged and then in a 
similar way in Newark. In 1859 he took 
up his residence in South Orange, and in 
1862 located in his present home, where he 
has resided continuously since. With the 
rapid growth of the city of New York he 
sold his property to good advantage and 
thereby acquired a handsome capital, which 
now enables him to lay aside all the cares 
of business life. 

In 1849 Mr. Brown was united in mar- 
riage to Amanda Tillou, a native of Con- 
necticut and a daughter of John Tillou, who 
was born in New- York city. Her father 
was an expert machinist and was engaged 
in the manufacture of carding machines, 
which business he continued until the 
latter part of his life, when he sold out and 
lived retired. His wife was Minerva Mor- 
gan, a native of Connecticut and a daugh- 
ter of a well-to-do farmer. He served in 
the war of 181 2 and was given a bounty of 
one hundred and sixty acres of land in the 
west. His father, Peter Tillou. was one of 
the heroes of the Revolution, and his fa- 
ther, who also bore the Christian name of 
Peter, was a son of the Peter Tillou who 
founded the family in America, fleeing from 
his native France during one of the revo- 
lutions in that country and taking up his 
residence in New York city. General 
Alexander Macomb, the maternal uncle of 
John Tillou, rendered distinguished service 
in the war of 1812, and in May, 1828, he 
succeeded General Brown as major-general 
in command of the army. He was the 
author of a treatise on martial law and was 
a man of eminence and marked abilitv. He 



died in Washington. D. C, June 25, 1841. 
Mr. and Mrs. Brown have one of the 
pleasant homes of South Orange, in which 
are several pieces of furniture that have 
been handed down from generation to gen- 
eration, including a table which was made 
in her great-grandfather's cabinet shop in 
Broad street. New York. Their home is 
the abode of hospitality and its doors are 
ever open for the reception of their many 
friends. 



FREDERICK CARLE, 

a farmer and stock-raiser of Livingston 
township, is a native of Wurtemberg, Ger- 
many, born ]\Iarch 4, 1831. His parents, 
Frederick C. and Catherine C. (De Ruppee) 
Carle, were also natives of the same place. 
The grandfather was Conrad Christopher 
Carle, a son of Constantine De Carlee, a na- 
tive of France. The grandfather dropped 
the preflx to the name and since then it has 
been written in the more English form. 
He was a soldier for nine years under Bona- 
parte and lived to an advanced age. The 
father, Frederick C. Carle, died in the prime 
of life, in Germany, after which the mother 
came to America and married D. Pouzert. 
In the land of his birth the subject of 
this review spent the days of his boyhood 
and youth and about the time he attained 
his majorit}' sailed for the New World, tak- 
ing passage on a vessel wdiich sailed from 
the coast of France. They had been out 
only a short time when a severe storm 
arose, the masts were swept away and the 
vessel drifted into the English channel. At 
length they made an English port and re- 
paired the vessel, afterward resuming the 
voyage. One hundred and five days after 
the embarkation the vessel dropped anchor 



26 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



in the harbor of New York, April 7. 1852. 
Mr. Carle first located in the eastern me- 
tropolis, but soon afterward removed to 
Newark, where he was engaged in garden- 
ing for some time. Later he resided in 
Morris county for about three years, and in 
1862 settled upon his present farm in Liv- 
ingston township, now comprising about 
forty-five acres. At that time it was cov- 
ered with timber and stones, but by inde- 
fatigable labor he has brought it under a 
high state of cultivation, has erected there- 
on substantial buildings and has planted a 
good orchard and set out much small fruit. 
The place is neat and thriftv in apoearance, 
its carefully improved condition makes it 
\'ery productive, and in this section of the 
county it is regarded as one of the best 
improved farms. 

On the 6th of April, i860, Mr. Carle was 
united in marriage to Miss Hannah Lott, 
a native of Liverpool, England, born April 
I. i84i,a daughterof William andCatherine 
(Jenkins) Lott. Her father died in Eng- 
land, after which her mother came to Amer- 
ica and spent her last days in New C)rleans, 
where her death occurred from yellow 
fever. To Mr. and ]\Irs. Carle have been 
born the following children : Lizzie, wife 
of August Schluter. of Xew York; Phoebe, 
who died at the age of five years; Charles, 
who died at the age of three years; Eddie 
T. : William; Frances, who is living in 
Montclair; Lottie C, wife of Daniel Daly, 
of Caldwell, New Jersey; Ida, deceased; 
and Amelia, at home. 

Mr. Carle is a public-spirited man. whose 
interest in the welfare of the community is 
indicated by the support and advocacy of all 
measures for the general good. He votes 
with the Republican jiarty. and in 1879 ^'^''^s 
elected to fill the office of assessor. He has 



also served as township committeeman and 
commissioner of appeals, and in every po- 
sition to which he is called discharges his 
duty with marked promptness and ability. 
He and his wife are devoted members of 
the Presbvterian church of Caldwell. 



JOSEPH EVANS, 

justice of the peace, W^est Orange, New 
Jersey, is of Scottish birth and descent and 
counts among his ancestors men who oc- 
cupied many places of prominence and trust 
in the old country. 

He was born in 1831, son of Robert and 
Helen (Lady Anderson) Evans. Robert Ev- 
ans, son of Sir Hugh Evans, was born and 
reared in Edinburg, and in his native city 
learned the business of civil engineering. 
Years ago he came to America and spent 
much time in California. While in the far 
west he made the first map of Washoe ter- 
ritory. He frequently visited London, Eng- 
land, during his stay in America, and is now 
located in that city. His wife died on 
Staten Island, New York, in 1889. Of her 
family, who were prominent people in Eng- 
land, we record that her brother, Charles 
Anderson, was made K. C. B. of England, 
and a relative, Joseph J. Anderson, was a 
colonel in the British army, having received 
his commission from King George. The 
children of Robert and Helen Evans are as 
follows; John; Robert; Charles, of New 
York city; Helen, of Brooklyn; Frances, 
of Staten Island; and Joseph. 

Joseph Evans was reared to manhood in 
New York city and completed his educa- 
tion with a course at Columbia College. On 
reaching his majority he engaged in the 
real-estate business, which he conducted 
for some time in New York city. In 1879 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



27 



he came to West Orange township, Essex 
coimty. New Jersey, and at St. Clouil estal)- 
hshed himself in the hotel business. For 
ten years he conducted a hotel at that place. 
In 1890 he was made a justice of the peace, 
which of^ce he holds at the present time, 
and for two years from 1896 he was also a 
police justice. In addition to filling the 
office of justice of the peace, he conducts a 
restaurant and confectionery store and does 
a prosperous business. 

Politically, Air. Evans is a Democrat, ac- 
tive and infiuential in local aft'airs. A man 
of wide information, broad and liberal 
views, genial and generous nature, he is 
as popular as he is well known. 

Mrs. Evans was formerly Miss Elizabeth 
Price. She is a daughter of Matthew and 
Nancy (Pettegrew) Price, natives of Somer- 
set county. New Jersey, and representatives 
of old estaljlished families of this state. 



JOHN S. CARLSON. 

The brief but all-embracing term, "a self- 
made man," forms a summary of the career 
of this gentleman. That term not only in- 
dicates industrious effort, perseverance and 
the utilization of opportunities, l.iut also 
suggests the accomplishment of purpose. 
These elements are conspicuous in the life 
of Mr. Carlson, who is a leading representa- 
tive of the industrial interests of MoiUclair. 
He is now extensively engaged in contract- 
ing and building and in the manufacture 
of sash, doors and blinds, owning a com- 
pletely equipped planing mill in that city. 

Born on a farm in Sweden, in 1859, he 
spent his boyhood days in his native coun- 
try and oljtained a good common-school 
education. On leaving school he served an 
apprenticeship at the carpenter's and 
builder's trade and mastered the busi- 



ness in all its departments, becom- 
ing a proficient workman. In 1878 
he came to the United States, landing at 
New York city, whence he went to the 
western part of the state of New York, 
where he worked for one year in the lumber 
business. From there he removed to Penn- 
sylvania, where for two years he was em- 
ployed in railroad construction. In 1881 he 
came to Alontclair, New Jersey, where, as 
a carpenter, he went to work for E. F. 
Dodd, with whom he was thus associated 
for a period of four years. In 1885 Mr. 
Carlson identified himself with the firm of 
Peterson & Ditting, whereupon the firm 
title of Carlson, Peterson & Company was 
adopted. For four years the firm conduct- 
ed a successful business as contractors and 
builders, and at the expiration of this time 
there was a dissolution of the partnership, 
in 1889. Mr. Carlson buving tlie interests 
of his two associates and assuming the en- 
tire control and management of the enter- 
[jrise. In May, 1896, he purchased the 
planing mill of C. \\\ English and he has 
since operated the same in connection with 
his other lines of enterprise. He has all 
the latest and l)est improved machinery and 
gives employment to a force of from thirty 
to forty men, — a fact which to a degree in- 
dicates the volume of his business. He has 
erected more than two hundred buildings 
in Montclair, including residences, 
churches, schoolhouses, the Children's 
Home and the Montclair Military Acad- 
emy. He is prompt in execution, faithful to 
the terms of a contract, thoroughly relia- 
ble in all his dealings and has the unquali- 
fied confidence of the public. He is a di- 
rector in the Building & Loan Association 
of Montclair, and is one of the managers of 
the Montclair Savings Bank. 



28 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



In 1883 Mr. Carlson was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mathilda Ericson, who, like 
himself, was born in Sweden. Their mar- 
ried life was of short duration, as Mrs. Carl- 
son died one year after her marriage, leav- 
ing one child, who still survives. In 1887 
Mr. Carlson consunmiated a second mar- 
riage, being then united to Miss Annette 
Benson, a native of Sweden, and they are 
the parents of two sons and one daughter. 
Their pleasant and commodious home is lo- 
cated on Fullerton avenue, one of the finest 
residence streets in the city. 

Mr. Carlson has not only been promi- 
nently connected with the upbuilding of 
Montclair, but has also been the architect of 
his own fortvmes, and has builded wisely 
and well, rearing upon the substantial foun- 
dation of industry, energy and straightfor- 
ward dealing the superstructure of success. 



PAUL KOECK, 

one of the self-made men of Orange, was 
born in the town of Zenting, county Grafe- 
nau, Bavaria, Germany, August 7, 1862, 
and is the son of Paul and Mary (Lepple) 
Koeck. The family name was originally 
spelled Kock. The father of our subject, 
having fitted himself for life's duties by a 
])ractical education obtaineil in the common 
schools, learned the trade of brewer, wliich 
he followed in the land of his birth until 
1887, when he came to America, accom- 
panied by his wife and two children, Josie 
and Louie. The vessel in which they sailed 
dropped anchor in the harbor of New York 
and they made their way to Orange Valley, 
where thev now reside. Both parents are 
members of the Catholic church. They 
have seven children, as follows: George, 
who married Maggie Kessinger and resides 



in Saginaw, Michigan; Paul: ]Mary, wife 
of Jacob Bortsh. of Roseville; Johanna, 
wife of Mathias Mensminger, of Orange 
Valley: Regina, wife of Julius Boss, of 
Orange Valley: Josie, wife of Augustus 
Kunz, of Orange: and Louie, who resides 
at home. 

Paul Koeck. on arriving at the proper 
age. enteretl the public schools of the fath- 
erland and mastered the common branches 
of learning. He entered upon his business 
career as an apprentice at the baker and 
confectioner's trade, and has since made it 
his life work. On the 22d of May, 1882, he 
severed the ties that bound him to his na- 
tive country and sailed for the New World, 
arriving in New York on the gth of June. 
Taking up his residence in Orange, he fol- 
lowed the hatter's trade for nearly thirteen 
years in the employ of Berg Brothers and 
of Cummings, Matthews & Company, and 
with the capital he had acquired through 
his industn.- and careful management he 
embarked in business on his own account in 
1895, purchasing his present property at 
No. 103 Valley street. Orange, where he 
opened a bakery and confectionery. From 
the beginning his patronage has constantly 
increased and he now has a large trade. He 
possesses good business ability, persever- 
ance and sound judgment, and his success 
is due to the possession and exercise of 
these qualities. 

Mr. Koeck was married in Orange, Jan- 
uary 16, 1885, the lady of his choice being 
Miss Annie Pappre, a daughter of Carl and 
Josepha (Conrad) Pappre, born March 21, 
1864. Six children honored their union, 
but Josie died at the age of one year. The 
surviving children are : George, born May 
26, 1886: Emma, born November 6, 1887; 
Henry, born July 22, 1891; Annie, born 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



29 



November 2, 1893; and Elsie, born Oc- 
tober 28, 1895. Mr. and Mrs. Koeck are 
communicants of St. Tinantius church, 
Catholic, of Orange,, and the former be- 
longs to the Independent Germania Schiit- 
zen Verein, of New Jersey. His hope of 
finding a pleasant home and securing a 
good living in America has been realized, 
and he is now in the possession of a com- 
petence which is the reward of his own 
labor. 



MAHLON S. DRAKE, 

a prominent wholesale and retail ice dealer 
of Newark and a representative citizen of 
his home town, where he has been engaged 
in his present occupation since 1873, '^^'^^ 
born on the family homestead in Irving- 
ton, New Jersey, on the 2d of July, 1855. 
His preliminary education was obtained in 
the public schools of that place, and was 
supplemented by a course of study in the 
Newark Academy, which he attended until 
arriving at the age of seventeen years, when 
he engaged in the feed business at Irving- 
ton, continuing in the same for the ensuing 
five years. His next venture was in the 
wholesale dealing in ice. his store houses 
being located at Irvington, and for the six 
years following he carried on a large busi- 
ness in that line of endeavor, gratlually en- 
larging the same, vmtil he saw an opportun- 
ity of adding to it the retail feature by mov- 
ing into the city of Newark and establish- 
ing a storehouse nearer to the marts of 
trade, which he eventually did, locating in 
Hayes street in 1884. He also has large 
storage houses at Goldsboro, Pennsylvania, 
with a capacity of seventy-five thousand one 
hundred tons. Such has been his native 
energy and applied industry that success 



has crowned his efforts, and to-day he 
stands as one of the prosperous and pro- 
gressive citizens of Irvington. 

Mr. Drake was reared in the faith of the 
Democratic party, but corruption in the 
management of affairs in his borough was 
instrumental in causing him to seek other 
political affiliations and to render all as- 
sistance in his power in exterminating the 
corruptionists. as he is one of the extensive 
tax-payers and consequently feels some 
concern when extravagances and even 
peculation in the management of the public 
funds are being engaged in. He has served 
as clerk of Irvington, and is the present 
incunil)ent of the office of village trustee, 
this being the third time he has acted in 
that capacity. As a public official Mr. 
Drake is conscientious in the discharge of 
his duties, and his strict integrity of char- 
acter and high standard of principles have 
ever gained for him the entire confidence of 
his fellow citizens. 

The marriage of Mr. Drake was solem- 
nized on the 24th of July, 1878, when he was 
united to Miss Jannett M. Wade, daughter 
of Isaac O. Wade, and Margaret P. (Craw- 
ford) Wade, the former of whom died in 
Irvington in 1896. Mr. and Mrs. Drake 
are the parents of four children, namely: 
^lahlon S.. Jr., Raymond W., Margaret P., 
and Helen. C)ur subject and his family 
have a large circle of friends who hold them 
in the highest esteem. 



BRADFORD W. GIVEANS, M. D., 

one of the rising and progressive represent- 
atives of the medical profession in East 
Orange, is a western man by birth, the 
place of his nativity being Allen's Grove, 
Wisconsin, his natal dav. November 14, 



30 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



1868. His grandfather, William Giveans, 
was of Irish ancestry, and married Jane 
Ryerson. He made his home in Vernon, 
New Jersey, where he engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. His family numbered seven 
children, as follows : Sylvester, who wedded 
Mary Hunt; Samuel R. ; Elizabeth, wife of 
James Drew, of New York city ; Jane, wife 
of Job Woodruff, of New York; Abbie, 
wife of Charles Lane, of Morristown, New 
Jersey; Nicholas, who is married and re- 
sides in the Empire state; and John, who is 
married and resides in Middletown, New 
York. 

Samuel R. Giveans, the Doctor's father, 
was born October 5, 1838, and spent the 
greater part of his youth in Vernon, New 
Jersey, where he attended the district 
schools, and also pursued his studies under 
the direction of Judge John G. Truesdell, of 
Newark. He was married at the age of 
twenty-nine, in Februar\-, 1868, to Har- 
riet Wilkins, who was born December 22. 
1842, in Darien, Wisconsin, and was of Eng- 
lish and French ancestry. They continued 
their residence in Wisconsin for about two 
years, and then removed to Waterloo, Indi- 
ana, where he resitled twelve years, after 
which he removed to Newburg, New York, 
where Mr. Giveans made his home until 
1895, at which time he caiue to East Or- 
ange. He lost his wife the previous year, 
her death occurring Deceniber 15, 1894. 
They had four children : Bratlford William, 
Ada May, Walter William and Hettie Belle. 

Dr. Giveans spent his early childhood 
clays in Indiana, and with his parents re- 
moved to Newburg, New York, where he 
attended the Newburg Academy, being 
partially dependent upon his own efforts 
to meet the expenses of the academical 
course. Fully realizing the need of an ed- 



ucation in the practical affairs of life, he dil- 
igently applied himself to his studies, and 
on attaining his majority entered the New 
York Homeopathic Medical College, in 
New York city, where he pursued his 
studies with zeal and energy for three years, 
and was then graduated among the five 
highest in the class. 

The Doctor then, in the autumn of 1893, 
established an office and began practice in 
East Orange, where he has built up a good 
business. He is a memlier of the New Jer- 
sey Homeopathic Medical Society, and is 
\-isiting surgeon of the Homeopathic Dis- 
pensarv at Orange. His deep interest in 
his chosen calling prompts him to keep 
abreast with all the theories and improve- 
ments in connection with the profession, 
and from the faithful performance of each 
day's duty he receives strength and inspira- 
tion for the dut}' of the next. 

Dr. Giveans takes an active interest in 
various fraternal organizations and is a 
member in good standing of the Junior Or- 
der of American Mechanics, the Patriotic 
Order Sons of America, Daughters of Lib- 
ertv. Knights of the Red Cross and the Le- 
gion of Honor. Politically, he affiliates 
with the Republican party. He has al- 
ready won distinction in his profession, and 
in social circles holds an enviable position 
among his luany friends. 



FREDERICK VALENTINE RULAND. 

a member of the Newark board of aldermen 
from the Fourteenth ward, was born in 
the old Thirteenth ward of the city, Decem- 
ber 5, 1859, a son of Peter, and Mary 
(Schlighter) Ruland. Both were natives of 
the fatherland and came to the United 
States during the early '40s. Their mar- 



Ef<SEX COUNTY. 



31 



riage was celebrated in Rondout. New 
York, soon after tlieir arrival. Mr. Ruland 
engaged in the pork-packing business in 
New York city for a year or two, and then 
removed to Newark, where he and his wife 
continued to spend their remaining days. 
For thirty-five years the father was engaged 
in the provision business with Charles Joy 
and his son and successor, Edmund L. 
Joy, and was an industrious, enterprising 
man, widely and favorably known in this lo- 
cality. His death occurred in 1880. He 
w-as a member of St. Peter's Catholic 
church, and was an active member of the 
Democracy, but never an aspirant for office. 
He was frequently solicited to become a 
candidate for the position of alderman, but 
invariably declined all political honors. His 
widow is still living. 

Frederick V. Ruland was reared in New- 
ark and educated in St. Peter's parochial 
school. At the age of thirteen he began 
learning the trade of cigar-making, and has 
since followed that pursuit, having mastered 
every detail of the business. Steadily he has 
worked his way upward, and for the past 
eight years has been in the employ of Harry 
Stone, a manufacturer of cigars at No. 18 
Boudinot street, Newark, in whose estab- 
lishment he holds the inijjortant position of 
foreman. His thorougii understanding of 
the business and his ability to control men 
make him especially capabje in this posi- 
tion, wherein he merits the confidence of 
the company and the respect of all with 
whom he is associated. 

For fifteen years Mr. Ruland has been a 
member of Union No. 138, and for six 
consecutive terms has served as president of 
that organization. Since attaining his ma- 
jority he has been a stalwart advocate of the 
Democracy, active in the work of the party 



through all the campaigns. In the spring 
of 1897 he was elected to represent the 
fourteenth ward in the city council; the 
contest was \"ery close, for the parties are 
very evenly divided in this ward, but Mr, 
Ruland won by a majority of twelve. A 
recount was then demanded, and the re- 
sult of a majority of thirteen votes was an- 
nounced. He is a member of the commit- 
tees on public buildings, poor and alms, and 
market, and is progressive and energetic in 
support of all measures which he believes 
calculated for the public good. 

Mr. Ruland is a valued member of the 
Gottfried Krueger Association, of the 
Young German-American Benevolent As- 
sociation and of the Newark Young Maen- 
ner Bene\'olent \^erein. 

He was married in 1881, the ladv of his 
choice being Miss Maggie Trautretter, of 
Newark, by whom he has three children : 
Mamie. Lena and Edward. 



THOMAS H. KIXGSLAND, 

a son of Abel S. and Amanda (Van \\'inkle) 
Kingsland, was Ijorn on the 22d of March, 
i860, in Franklin, Essex county, and ac- 
quired his educational discipline in the pub- 
lic schools of his native place, and also of 
Bloomfield, after which he engaged in the 
vocation of farming, and has continued to 
devote his energies to agricultural pur- 
suits. 

In 1883 Mr. Kingsland was united in 
marriage to Miss Anna Elizabeth Frederick, 
a daughter of Henry and Leah (Spear) 
Frederick, and of this union seven children 
have been l)orn, of whom six survive, as fol- 
lows : Grace, Ethel, Bessie, Mabel, Marjorie 
and Helen. 

Mr. Kingsland contributes his support to 



i2 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



the cause of Republicanism. Ijeiiig a firm 
advocate of all the principles and policies of 
that party, and his religious adherence is 
with the Dutch Reformed church. Social- 
ly he is a memlter of the United Friends. 



FRANIvLIN C. WOODRUFF, M. D. 

Newark has quite a long list of able and 
talented physicians, and among these, 
holding a very desirable place, is the gen- 
tleman whose name heads this review. The 
causes which lead a man to choose a cer- 
tain calling as a life work are sometimes 
complex and not easy to determine, but 
environment and inherited tendencies fre- 
quently have much to do with the selec- 
tion of a vocation, and probably both of 
these entered into the decision of Dr. 
Woodruff when he determined to essay the 
healing art. He was born in Boonton, 
Morris county. New Jersey, on the 6th of 
September. 1865, and is a son of Christo- 
pher D. and Marietta H. (Crane) Wood- 
ruff. The father was born in Rahway, 
New Jersey, and is a son of Christopher D. 
Woodrufif. The mother was born at Pine 
Brook, Morris county, and is a daughter of 
Benjamin Crane, who was one of the distin- 
guished judges on the New Jersey bench. 
Mrs. Wooilruff was educated in the Tren- 
ton Normal School, and studied medicine 
in the New York Homeopathic College, of 
New York city, where she was graduated 
with the class of 1874. She then began 
the practice of medicine in Boonton, where 
she has since continued, meeting with most 
gratifying success. She has a very large 
business and is without a peer among the 
lady physicians of the county. 

Franklin Crane Woodruff, of Newark, 
acquired his preliminary education in a pri- 



vate school and at the age of thirteen years 
entered the Newark Academy, where he 
was graduated in 1883. Having long 
since become deeply interested in his mo- 
ther's work, he determined to follow the 
same profession, and on the completion of 
his academical course at once entered the 
Homeopathic College, of New York city, 
where he was graduated with the class of 
1887. For a year he practiced in connec- 
tion with his mother in Boonton and then 
came to Newark, in March. 1888, opening 
an office at No. 563 Orange street. On 
the 1st of January, 1890, he removed to 
No. 464 Orange street, and on the ist of 
May, 1895, he removed to No. i Roseville 
avenue, corner of Warren street. 

\\'ell versed in the science of medicine 
and attentive to the cases which come un- 
der his notice. Dr. Woodrufif has been very 
successful in his practice. He is a man 
of broad mind and deep sympathy, and 
without these the best results in the prac- 
tice of medicine are never obtained. The 
Doctor has been connected with the East 
Orange Homeopathic Dispensary as at- 
tending physician for seven years, and was 
president of the medical stafif of that insti- 
tution for two terms. He belongs to the 
New Jersey State Homeopathic Society 
and is connected with a number of benevo- 
lent and social organizations. He is a 
member of the Junior Order of American 
Mechanics and of East Orange Lodge, No. 
144. K. P.. also a member of Progress 
Encampment, No. 50, Knights of St. John 
and Malta, and of Roseville Council. No. 
24. Daughters of Liberty, for all of which 
organizations he is the examining physi- 
cian. 

On the 1 2th of June, 1890, the Doctor 
was united in marriage to Miss Carrie 




F. C. WOODRUFF 



THE 

NEW YORK 

f PUBLIC LIBRARY! 

, fcsfor,Lw(ixsn(ITild8n 

Foundations. 

1901 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



33 



Douglas Grimes, a daughter of Dr. Mal- 
com Grimes, of Boonton, and they now 
have three sons : Walter Grimes, Lucius 
Franklin and Philip Denman. The Doc- 
tor and his wife are members of the Rose- 
ville Avenue Presbyterian church, and in 
social circles they hold an enviable position, 
to which their many excellent characteris- 
tics justly entitle them. 



GEORGE W. DAVENPORT, 

who is engaged in blacksmithing in Ver- 
ona, was born September 3, 1843, ^^'^'^ 'S 
descended from good old Revolutionary 
stock. His grandfather, Elias Davenport, 
who was of Holland descent anrl a farmer 
by occupation, lived in Morris county, and 
died about 1852. 

Archibald Davenport, the father of our 
subject, was born in Morris county, learned 
the blacksmith's trade in early life and for 
many years followed that pursuit in Cald- 
well. Pie was united in marriage to Miss 
Henrietta Wade, a native of the same coun- 
ty, and they became parents of the follow- 
ing children : Anna E. ; Margaret, who 
became the wife of Horace Dean and the 
mother of two children, Charles and Ida; 
Mary C. ; George, who died in infancy, 
George W., the immediate subject of this 
review and William W., wiio married Cath- 
erine Magher, their children being Chester 
and Etta. The father of this family died 
about 1 88 1, and the mother, surviving him 
several years, passed away in February, 
1894. 

The early boyhood days of our suliject 
were spent at his parental home, and in the 
public schools of Montclair he pursued his 
education. He learned the blacksmith's 
trade under the direction of his father, but 



when the war came on he felt that he could 
not content himself with the labors of the 
smithy while his country's safety was im- 
periled, and offered his services to the gov- 
ernment. He proceeded to the front in 
the Seventh New Jersey Regiment, but his 
father followed him and brought him back, 
feeling that he was too young for army ser- 
vice. He then remained at home until 
June 2j. 1863, when having attained his 
majority he again offered his services and 
became a member of the Twenty-sixth New 
Jersey Infantry. He was assigned to Com- 
pany D. under command of Captain Dob- 
bins and Major De Camp, of Roseland, and 
mustered in at Camp Frelinghuysen. The 
regiment was then ordered to Washington 
and assigned to the Army of the Potomac, 
which was commanded by General Burn- 
side, and later by General Hooker. Mr. 
Da\enport then remained at the front until 
the close of the war, and participated in the 
battles of Chancellorsville and Fredericks- 
burg and in the "Mud March" under Burn- 
side; was mustered out just before the re- 
bellious south had been conquered, receiv- 
ing honorable discharge at Camp Freling- 
huysen. 

Mr. Davenport then resumed work at his 
trade. He had established his present shop 
in Verona in i860 and is now doing an ex- 
tensive Imsiness as a general jobber, — paint- 
ing, blacksmithing and wagon-making. 
His skill and excellent workmanship en- 
able him to command a large share of the 
public patronage. For si.xteen years he also 
conducted another shop in Verona, both 
enterprises proving profitable. His hon- 
orable dealing, industry and perseverance 
have enabled him to acquire a handsome 
competence, and as his financial resources 
have increased he has made judicious in- 



34 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



vestments in real estate. He now owns 
twenty-one acres in the home place and has 
a commodious residence near liis place of 
business. 

In 1868 he was married, the lady of his 
choice being Miss Lorana F. Baldwin, a 
daughter of Marshal and Kate (Sipp) Bald- 
win, who were of Holland extraction. Five 
children were born to them : Norman, who 
married Anna Kettrer; Estella, wife of Will- 
iam Hawlett, and their children are Grace, 
Eva and George: Evert; Stanley, and 
Hazel. The family attend the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and Mr. Davenport was 
formerly a meiuber of the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows and is a comrade of 
Caldwell Post, G. A. R. His political sup- 
port is given the Republican party. 



GROVER CLEVELAND. 

Stephen Grover Cleveland was born 
March 18, 1837, at Caldwell, near New- 
ark, New Jersey, and named after Rev. 
Stephen Grover, a former pastor of his 
church; but Grover never used his first 
name. 

Among the earliest settlers of the lower 
Connecticut valley was Rev. Aaron Cleve- 
land, an Episcopal minister, who preached 
in East Haddam, Connecticut. His son, 
Aaron Cleveland (second), was born there, 
in 1744. The family moved to Philadel- 
phia, where the father died in 1757, at the 
house of Benjamin Franklin; but the son 
moved to Norwich, Connecticut, estab- 
lished a hat factory, held local and state 
ofifices and finally became a Congregational 
minister, dying in New Haven in 1815. His 
son, Charles, who became the noted Boston 
city missionary, was born in 1772 and died 
in 1872. His second son was William, a 



sil\-ersmith in Norwich. William's second 
son, Richard Falley Cleveland, a Presby- 
terian minister, was the father of Grover. 
He married Anne Neale, daughter of a Bal- 
timore liook publisher. He preached in 
Windham, Connecticut; Portsmouth, Vir- 
ginia; Caldwell, New Jersey; Fayetteville, 
New York; was agent of the Home Mis- 
sionary Society and li\'ed in Clinton, New 
York. The family numberetl nine chil- 
dren, and Gro\'er, the fifth child, although 
nearly read)- for college, worked in a store 
in Fayetteville for two years, then re- 
turned to study. Failing health influenced 
his father to remove to Holland Patent, 
near Ctica, New York, where he soon died. 

Now fifteen years old, Grover was a 
clerk for two years in the New York Insti- 
tution for the Blind, where his brother was 
an inspector. Determined to study law, he 
returned to his mother's home anrl soon 
started westward to enter a law office. 
Finding no place in L'tica or Syracuse, he 
turned toward Cleveland, Ohio. Stopping 
in Buft'alo to visit his aunt, her husband, 
Lewis F. Allen, persuaded him to remain to 
help him in compiling the American Herd 
Book, and at the end of six months placed 
him, at the age of eighteen years, in the 
law otifice of Rogers, Bowen & Rogers, 
where he was for four years a student and 
clerk, and four years more in charge of the 
office. 

From 1863 to 1866 he was assistant and 
acting district attorney of Erie county. At 
difi'erent times he was a partner in leading 
law firms of Buft'alo. In 1869 he was sher- 
iiif of Erie county; in 1882 mayor of Buf- 
falo; in 1883 and 1884 governor of New 
York; in 1885 to 1889 and 1893 to 1897 
president of the United States. 

June 2, 1886,. Mr. Cleveland was mar- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



35 



rietl, in the White House, to Miss Frances 
Folsoni, (laughter of his former partner. 
This is the only instance of the marriage of 
a president of the United States while in 
office. 

The leading characteristics of Mr. Cleve- 
land are patient persistence and the law- 
yer's habit of subjecting every cjuestion to 
the test of law. 



JACOB HAUSSLING, 

one of the well known and successful iner- 
chants of Newark, being a bottler of min- 
eral waters, was born in Essex county. New 
Jersey, on the 22d of February, 1855. He 
attended the public schools of this city, fin- 
ishing his education at the old Bryant & 
Stratton Business College, immediately 
after which he embarked in the business 
of which he is now sole proprietor, and 
has since devoted his entire time and atten- 
tion to that enterprise, meeting with the 
distinct success merited by industry, perse- 
verance and intrinsic worth. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Haussling 
is a staunch adherent of the Democratic 
party, in which he has for many years been 
well known, his devotion to its interests and 
his loyalty to aspiring friends being the all- 
important factors in his success with the 
voters of Essex county. In 188 — ■ he was 
nominated for the office of registrar of 
deeds, and although the county had been 
Republican in former years by some three 
thousand and five hundred votes, he was 
defeated by only seventeen votes. In 1890 
he received the nomination for sheriff and 
turned the normal Republican majority in- 
to a majority for himself of two thousand 
and six hundred votes. He was unani- 
mously nominated by his. party in 1896, 



and, although he was defeated, he ran over 
seven thousand votes ahead of his ticket. 
It was while he was serving as sheriff of Es- 
sex county that the grand jury ordered and 
had removed from the center of the streets 
all the poles used by the trolly car lines. 

The father of our subject, Henry Haus- 
sling, was Ijorn in Bavaria in 1828, and emi- 
grated to the United States in 1848. He 
was a blacksmith and locksmith, and fol- 
lowed those vocations until some twenty- 
eight years ago, when he engaged in the 
mineral-water bottling business, which is 
still continued by his son. His death oc- 
curred in 1892. He married Miss Jose- 
phine Freund, who departed this life in 
1872. 

Jacob Haussling, the immediate subject 
of this review, was united in marriage, in 
Newark, on the nth of January, 1874, to 
Miss Ellen EUigott, a daughter of John and 
Ellen (Sheridan) Elligott, and the follow- 
ing children have been born to them : 
Henry J.. Elizabeth, Jacob and Josephine. 



AARON BURR. 

There is no name in American church 
history more suggestive of all that 
is sweet and pure and holy in man than that 
of the elder Aaron Burr. It is not enough, 
though, to say that he was sweet in disposi- 
tion, pure in life and godly in his holy office. 
He was a really great man, as well as a real- 
ly good one. Mr. Burr was born at Fair- 
field, Connecticut, January 4, 1716. His 
ancestors might easily have been of a race 
intensely "puritan," and yet have been the 
descendants of a native of Germany, per- 
haps, but Holland more likely. Holland 
was not strong to Puritanism. Fourteen 
years before the landing on Plymouth Rock 



36 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



many of the precious freight of tlie May- 
flower sought and found refuge in Holland, 
whence came names that are historical 
in America, and which furnished New Jer- 
sey with the reverend founder of the Frel- 
inghuysen family. 

Aaron Burr was the youngest of six 
sons, and early displayed aptness and incli- 
nation for study. He entered Yale Col- 
lege and graduated in 1735. In Septem- 
ber. 1736. he was licensed as a candidate for 
the ministry. His first sermon was 
preached at Greenfield, Massachusetts. 
Rev. Mr. Burr's first appearance in Newark 
was in November, 1736, and during his en- 
tire ministry in Newark, from 1736 to 1755, 
a period of nineteen years, his labors were 
attended with the most gratifying results 
to both pastor and people. Very early in 
the settlement of the province the need of 
more clergymen was felt. As years and 
population increased this need grew great- 
er. The germ of a college, named the Col- 
lege of New Jersey, was planted at Eliza- 
bethtown, under the care of Rev. Jona- 
than Dickinson, an eminent divine and 
scholar. For a number of years he had a 
classical school for young men which he 
conducted in connection with his minis- 
terial duties. Measures had been taken to 
turn the school into a college where young 
men could be trained for the ministry, as 
well as other pursuits. On October 22, 
1746, a charter was obtained from Govern- 
or John Hamilton, attested by the court 
seal of the province of New Jersey. Rev. 
Mr. Dickinson was appointed president, 
and in the latter part of May, 1747, the col- 
lege was opened at Elizabethtown. Scarce- 
ly had it started, however, when President 
Dickinson died. The students, eight in 
number, were removed to Newark and 



placed under the care of Rev. Mr. Burr, 
who, like Mr. Dickinson, had established a 
classical school in connection with his pas- 
torate. As a matter of fact, the College of 
New Jersey ceased to exist. No president 
was chosen to succeed Mr. Dickinson. 
Happily the project was not abandoned. 
.About the time of Mr. Dickinson's decease 
there arrived from England a true friend of 
religion and learning. Governor Jonathan 
Belcher. He early took a deep interest in 
the suspended college. The old charter 
had never been filed. A new one was draft- 
ed by Burr and was granted in September, 
1748. Two months later a majority of the 
trustees met at New Brunswick, and on 
Wednesday . November 9, 1748, Aaron 
Burr was unanimously chosen president of 
the rehabilitated college. He accepted the 
ofifice and took the oath required by the 
charter. By express request. Governor 
Belcher received the degree of A. M., the 
first one of the kind conferred l)y President 
Burr. In Newark the college remained 
eight years, flourishing niarvelously under 
the care of President Burr. 

"The talk of the town" in June, 1752, was 
the marriage, on the 29th of that month, of 
President Burr. He was then in his thirty- 
seventh year. His bride was a New Eng- 
land beauty, one who appears to have been 
as lovely in her life and disposition as she 
was winning and attractive in manner and 
beautiful in face and form. This was Miss 
Esther Edwards, third daughter of the dis- 
tinguished Rev. Jonathan Edwards, of 
Stockbridge. Massachusetts, who subse- 
quently became president of the College of 
New Jersey. 

The ministry of Mr. Burr continued until 
1755. Finding the labor of managing the 
affairs of the rapidly growing college, and 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



37 



tlie demands of pastoral work also, too bur- 
densome, he applied to the church for dis- 
mission. With great reluctance it was 
granted. A year later, in the autumn of 
1756, the college was removed and per- 
manently located at Princeton. President 
Burr and his family moved with it. The 
college was scarcely established in its new 
quarters before a general calamity befell it, 
the death of President Burr. This oc- 
curred September 24, 1757. shortly after the 
death of Governor Belcher, and about one 
year after the removal from Newark. In 
accordance with his death-bed wishes, Mr. 
Burr's remains were interred with as little 
parade as possible, and no expense beyond 
that necessary to decent burial, the place of 
interment being Princeton. On his tomb- 
stone was chiseled a glowing tribute to the 
great man's worth. He was an excellent 
preacher, a great scholar and a very great 
man. 

Within less than a year after his death 
President Burr was followed to the grave by 
his iieloved Esther. Mrs. Burr died April 
7, 1758, leaving two children, Sarah and 
Aaron, both born in Newark. Sarah mar- 
ried Hon. Tappan Reeve, who had been 
tutor to her and her brother, but who after- 
ward became judge of the supreme court 
of Connecticut. Aaron it was who shot and 
killed Hamilton in a duel. That Burr had 
faults, grievous faults, is not to be doubted. 
That he had his virtues is not to be denied. 
He was a man of exalted genius, large cul- 
ture, and decidedly statesmanlike abilities. 
In battle he was as brave as a lion, as wit- 
ness his gallantry at Quebec; but he com- 
mittefl that deed, which for more than half 
a century has held the name of Burr up 
before the world as something to regard 
forever with horror. If he had had the 



sweet and loving rule of father and mother, 
with their affectionate counsel to guide his 
budding manhood, his passions, it may 
reasonably be presumed, would have been 
"properly regulated," and not been "let 
loose" to become "the tempests whicli tear 
evervthing before them." 



EDWIN DEMAS HARRISON, 

who has been closely identiiied with the in- 
dustrial interests of Irvington for the past 
twenty years, was born in this city on the 
30th of December, 1S50. and was educated 
in the Irvington public schools and the 
Newark Academy, completing his studies at 
the latter institution in 1867. Before he 
arrived at his majority he became associated 
with a party of surveyors who laid out the 
boulevards of the county, and in 1876 he 
entered the employ of the celluloid works 
at Newark, where he has since given unin- 
terrupted service, at the present time being 
in charge of one of the departments. His 
long connection with this enterprise 
vouches for the fidelity and executive abil- 
ity with which he discharges the duties en- 
trusted to his care, and his present responsi- 
ble position is indicative of the confidence 
with which he is regarded by the ofBcials 
of the corporation. 

A Republican in his political afifiliations, 
Mr. Harrison has been in close touch with 
the leaders of his party regarding public 
matters, and has rendered valuable services 
as village treasurer for eight years, as a 
member of the school board for the same 
length of time, and as a member of the 
county Republican committee from the 
township of Clinton. He is one of the vice- 
presidents of the Irvington Improvement 
Association, for the past ten years he has 



38 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



been a director of the Irvington Building 
and Loan association, and in several other 
enterprises has he demonstrated his public- 
spirited nature. 

The marriage of Mr. Harrison was con- 
summated on the 6th of May, 1874, when 
he was united to Miss Emma E. Ash, a 
daughter of Henry and Catherine (Mat- 
thews) Ash, and a granddaughter of Jon- 
athan Ash, who emigrated to New Jersey 
from Germany in 1799. Mr. and Mrs. Har- 
rison became the parents of two children, 
namely: Charles H., born February 8, 
1875; and Mary L., born January 30, 1879. 



WASHINGTON IRVING. 

Washington Irving, America's distin- 
guished author, was at one time a resident 
of Essex county, and a brief review of his 
life is appropriate here. He was born in 
the city of New York, April 3, 1783. and 
died at Tarrytown, New York, November 
28, 1859. His father's family were Scotch, 
and claimed descent from William de 
Irwyn, secretary and armor-bearer of Rob- 
ert Bruce; his mother was English, attached 
to the Episcopal church, and of a loving, 
sunny temper. His education was scanty 
and desultory. His brothers were sent to 
college, but he showed no inclination to 
study, being "a dreamer and a saunterer." 
This rose in part from his tendency to pul- 
monary disease. He began to read law at 
the age of nineteen, but after two years his 
health became precarious and his brother 
sent him to Europe. 

His first writing was in the Salmagundi, 
a semi-monthly sheet in imitation of the 
Spectator, conducted jointly by himself, his 
brother William, and J. K. Paulding. It 
ran for twenty numbers and then, without 



e.xplanation, stopped in the fullness of suc- 
cess. 

His first characteristic work, and the 
one by which he will be best known to pos- 
terity, was A History of New York, by 
Diedrich Knickerbocker, published in 1809. 
All readers of English know the little man 
in knee breeches and cocked hat as one of 
the permanent figures in the gallery of lit- 
erary portraits. The history has some 
grains of truth, but is openly a good-na- 
tured burlesque upon the old Dutch settlers 
of Manhattan island. The humor and the 
gravity which mask it are alike irresistible. 
It may be doubted if there is in the lan- 
guage a more delightful or more perfectly 
sustained piece of drollery. Readers of 
Scott will remember his warm praise of the 
book, written while "his sides were sore 
with laughing!" In the United States it 
was universally read. It is to the Amer- 
ican people as real in its way as Pilgrim's 
Progress. 

.\11 the writings of Irving have a certain 
charm, if for nothing more, for their felicit- 
ous touch and purity of style. The chief 
interest, however, centers in Rip Van Win- 
kle, the Legends of Sleepy Hollow and 
Westminster Abbey. The last is one of the 
most finished and descriptive essays of our 
century, though perhaps a little lacking in 
sympathy. After a few years passed on 
the continent, he published "Tales of a 
Traveller," a work which he thought his 
best in regard to style, but which some con- 
sider to be over-refined. 

Irving was ne\'er married. In his youth 
he was betrothed to Miss HoiTman. a 
lovely young lady of eighteen, daughter 
of a lawyer with whom he pursued his 
studies. Separated from her by her un- 
timely death, he remained all his life faithful 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



39 



to her memory. He was fond of children, 
and always beloved by them. His was a 
fortunate and honorable life. On the 
whole, though inferior to one or two noted 
writers, he must be pronounced thus far the 
most successful of the writers in the New 
World. 



MIOSES STRAUS. 

In a city like Newark, lying so near the 
chief port of the nation, the emigrants from 
the old world find refuge, and the majority 
of the inhabitants are therefore of foreign 
birth. Those who, attracted by finer insti- 
tutions, lareer educational facilities and the 
superior advantages of making a living, 
have come here to find a new home in a 
new country — these valuable additions to 
the nati\'e population have, by their indus- 
try, economy and honest methods, become 
essential factors in the growth of the coun- 
try. They furnish not only needed work- 
men, skilled and unskilled, but enterpris- 
ing merchants, manufacturers and apt deal- 
ers in our marts of trade. Prominent 
among those who have come from the fath- 
erland to identifv their interests with those 
of the American republic, and in the adapta- 
tion of their lives to the new conditions of 
life and trade have won success, is Mr. 
Straus of this review. 

Born in Baden, Germany, November i, 
1 83 1, he remained in his native land until 
1849, when with a brother and sister he 
sailed for New York. It was in July that 
he took his farewell of his native land, pre- 
paratory to making his home in a coun- 
try whose people, customs and manners 
were unfamiliar to him. On arriving at 
New York he at once proceedefl on his 
way to Keokuk, Iowa, to join a brother. 



and in that citv he attended an English 
school for some time. In a few months the 
brother determined to remove to Florida, 
and our subject formed one of the little 
overland party, which spent forty days in 
making the trip. They made a location in 
Quincy, but Moses Straus was not very 
favorably impressed with the locality and 
almost immediately started for the north. 
He went to New York and thence to New- 
ark, wdien he entered upon an apprentice- 
ship to "Deacon" Daugherty, a well known 
tanner of that day. He served his full term 
of three years and was afterward employed 
bv the firm of Trier & Newman and by 
Crocket & Company, two other leading 
leather firms. He continued his labors 
along that line until 1855, when, attracted 
by the discovery of gold in California, he 
made his way to the Pacific slope in the 
hope of more rapidly acquiring wealtli than 
through the channels of trade, but he was 
not very successful in his mining venture, 
and after a year's absence returned to New- 
ark. In 1856 he embarked in business for 
himself in Bristol, Florida, antl remained 
in the south throughout the war, being un- 
able to return to the north during the 
fratricidal conflict. Business was at a 
standstill in that part of the country, and in 
consequence his financial ventures were a 
failure. 

On again coming to Newark. Mr. Straus 
opened a small tannery on Yesey street, 
employing only three men in the beginning, 
but he conducted his business in a conser- 
vative, systematic, honorable and progres- 
si\-e manner that brought to him a steady 
increase in trade, and from time to time he 
has been forced to enlarge his facilities to 
meet the growing business. In 1873 '^^ 
began the improvement of his plant by the 



40 



E.S^SEX COUNTY. 



erection of new buildings which constitute 
a part of his now immense factory. The 
construction of these .buil(Hngs caused Mr. 
Straus no Httle uneasiness for tlie reason 
that tlie sudden business depression of the 
time cut short coHections, lessened greatly 
his orders for goods and in other ways in- 
terfered with the smooth and successful o])- 
eration of his factory. But he outrode the 
stormy sea of financial disturbance and 
glided out upon the first wave of prosperity 
into the harbor of calm and settled indus- 
trial conditions. In 1895 he added the last 
of the substantial structures comprising his 
plant, the large four-story building on 
Johnson street. With his force of one hun- 
dred men his weekly output is one thousand 
pieces of leather. His constant attention to 
every detail of his factory has placed him 
in the splendid financial position in which 
we to-day find him. To conduct a business 
of this magnitude requires exceptional busi- 
ness acumen, in order that the credit and 
the honor of its proprietor be maintained. 
This result has been attained in the manage- 
ment of the establishment, and Mr. Straus 
stands to-day as one of the leading repre- 
sentatives of the industrial interests of New- 
ark, a man honored no less for his unques- 
tioned lousiness integrity than for his ster- 
hng worth in other relations of life. 

Mr. Straus has not infrequentlv been 
called upon to lend his advice and counsel 
in the management of matters afl:'ecting the 
public welfare, and he has responded as 
freely as his private business interests would 
permit. He is a member of the board of 
health, was for eleven years president of 
the Benevolent Hebrew Orphan Asylum, 
and has ser\ed in the same city for the 
Jewish Temple. He is a trustee of both 
of those societies. 



In New York, on the 5th of July, i860, 
Mr. Straus was united in marriage to Miss 
Eliza May, a daughter of Louis May. The 
children of this marriage are : Carrie, wife 
of Charles K. Stern, of Philadelphia: Louis, 
Isaac P. and Burnett W. Straus, who are 
associated in business with their father; and 
Francis. The life of Mr. Straus has been 
pre-eminently a busy and useful one, de- 
voted to the accunuilation of a fortune by 
honorable methods, to the betterment of 
his fellowmen, to the happiness of his fam- 
ily and to advancement along many lines 
of progress. He has won and merited the 
highest esteem of all with whom he has 
been brought in contact, and his high repu- 
tation in business and social circles is well 
deserved. 



GEORGE H. BURT, 

a manufacturer of Millburn, is at the head 
of one of the leading industries in this sec- 
tion of the county, having built up a busi- 
ness of extensive proportions that yields a 
handsome income to the owner and is also 
of benefit to the community by reason of 
the employment which it furnishes to a 
large force of workmen. Keen discrimina- 
tion, careful oversight, energy and progres- 
siveness, — these are his chief characteris- 
tics, and are the qualities which have 
brought to him success and insure him a 
continuance of the prosperity which is now 
attending his efforts. 

Mr. Burt is a native of Boston, born on 
the 9th of November, 1864, and is a son 
of George L. and Mary E. Burt, also na- 
tives of the same city. The father is a 
woodturner by occupation and is still con- 
ducting business in his native city. The 
son was educated in the public schools 




GEORGE H. BURT 



ES^^EX COUNTY. 



41 



there, and when twenty-three years of age 
removed to New York, where he began 
the mannfacture of biUiard and pool balls 
on Ann street. In 1888 he opened a sim- 
ilar establishment in Newark, carrying on 
that enterprise until 1890, when the plant 
was destroyed by fire. 

Mr. Burt then leased two acres of 
grounil near Millburn and erected thereon 
the substantial and commodious buildings 
which now constitute his plant. The scar- 
city of ivory for his manufacturing pur- 
poses led to the discovery of a composition 
of celluloid which could be substituted for 
ivory. It is called the Standard, and is 
used by Mr. Burt in the manufacture of 
various articles, including billiard and pool 
balls, bicycle handles, check rings, etc., and 
has not an equal on the market for dura- 
bility, finish and wear. The buildings 
which constitute the factory, including 
large store rooms, manufacturing rooms, a 
boiler room and offices, are fitted up 
in the most convenient and perfect way for 
the manufacture of everything found in his 
line, having all modern appliances and ac- 
cessories. Seventy-five workmen are em- 
ployed in the factory and a number of ex- 
perienced traveling salesmen are kept upon 
the road, and thus the house, through its 
representatives, is in constant touch with 
its patrons. A business of about seventy- 
five thousanfl dollars annually is transacted 
and the enterprise therefore yields a good 
profit to the owner, who is a most pro- 
gressive, energetic man. He ships goods 
all over the United States. Canada and 
even Europe. Although yet a young man 
he has eighteen years' experience in busi- 
ness life and is considered authority on all 
matters pertaining to the business. 

On the 15th of September, 1888, Mr. 



Burt was united in marriage to Miss Ella 
M. Vose. a native of Boston. He affiliates 
with the Republican party, but the duties 
of his business and the pleasures of the 
home and social circles leave him with no 
time for political office even were he so 
inclined. 



ROBERT McDERMOTT, 

a highly respected and well known citizen 
of East Orange, New Jersey, is a native 
of this state, born in Manalapan township, 
Monmouth county, November 14. 1841. 
He is a son of ]\Iiles and Rachael (Coombs) 
]\IcDermott, the former of Scotch and the 
latter of New Jersey Dutch descent. Grand- 
father William McDermott came to Amer- 
ica previously to the Revolutionary war, 
was a participant in that war, and at its close 
settled in Monmouth county. New Jersey, 
where he spent the rest of his life. He was 
one of the [pioneers in the art of raising and 
weaxing fiax in his vicinity, and followed 
agricultural pursuits for a livelihood. His 
good wife was before her marriage a Miss 
Yetman and they had thirteen children, all 
now deceased. Their son Miles, the father 
of our subject, was born in Monmouth 
county and passed his entire life there. By 
occupation he was a carpenter. He and his 
wife had twehe children, seven of whom 
died in infancy, those who reached mature 
years being as follows: William, who mar- 
ried Lydia Thompson; Mary, wife of J. B. 
Emmons; Eliza, wife of John G. Breeze; 
Gilbert C. who married Mary E. Stillwell; 
antl Robert, the subject of this sketch. 

Robert McDermott was reared to man- 
hood in his native county, received a fair 
education in the district schools, and 
worked on his father's farm in early life and 



42 



ESSEX rOUXTY. 



subsequently turned his attention to work 
at the carpenter's trade. The latter has been 
his life occupation. He located in Orange 
on the 14th of Septemjjer, 1867, and for the 
past eighteen years has maintained his 
home in East Orange, where he has ranked 
as one of the substantial business men of 
the town. 

Mr. McDermott is a man of family. He 
was married in Monmouth county. New 
Jersey, October 25, 1865, to Miss Margaret 
A. Van Cleaf¥, daughter of John Q. and 
Margaret Van Cleaff of that county, and 
their happv union has been blessed in the 
birth of two children, a son and daughter. 
The son, Lorton C, married Miss Mary 
Pennington and they have three children, — 
Robert, Eleanor and Margaret. 

In his political views Mr. McDermott ac- 
cords with the Republican party, and so- 
cially he is identified with the Chosen 
Friends. 



CHARLES T. HORXECKER, 

one of the most extensive nurservmen and 
best known landscape gardeners of Essex 
county. New Jersey, has greenhouses and 
ofifices located in Newark, East Orange and 
Union, where his name is familiar not only 
to lovers of the beautiful in tlie floral line 
but also to business men in general. 

Mr. Hornecker is a German. His ances- 
tors as far back as their history can be 
traced lived and died in Germany. He was 
born in Hamburg, August 30, 185 1, being 
a son of Henry and Amelia Hornecker, 
the former of whom died some years ago in 
Hamburg, the latter still being a resident of 
her native land and having attained the 
advanced age of eighty years. In their fam- 
ily were eight children, of whom two died 



in infancy and two after reaching adult age. 
Four are still living, namely: Mary; Fer- 
dinand, a retired merchant; Bertha, a resi- 
dent of Hamburg: and Charles T., whose 
name appears at the heatl of this sketch, 

Charles T. Hornecker was educated in 
the public and private schools of his na- 
tive place. At the age of thirteen he began 
working at the landscape-gardening busi- 
ness, and has devoted his time and atten- 
tion to this occupation ever since, with the 
result that to-day he stands first among the 
nurserymen and landscape gardeners of Es- 
sex county. At sixteen, believing that he 
could better his station in life by emigration 
to this country, he bade adieu to home and 
friends and native land and took passage for 
America, embarking in a sailing vessel in 
June, 1867, and, after a voyage that cov- 
ered ninety-two days, landing in New York 
city August 30th. He remained in New 
York city for several years, or until 1870, 
when he came to Essex county, New Jersey. 
He worked for wages till 1874, that year 
he laimched out in business for himself, and 
has from time to time increased his facilities 
and extended his business until it has 
reached its present proportions. 

Mr. Hornecker was married in Newark, 
New Jersey. July 22. 1873, to Paulina 
Aleckeler, a daughter of Michael and Maria 
Meckeler, of that place: and to them have 
been born fourteen children. Two died in 
infancy: one daughter. Augusta, died at 
the age of seventeen, and the following 
named survive : Julia, wife of Charles H, 
Thorne: Frances, wife of David Solkend; 
and Henry, Bertha, Bernhard, Edward, 
Halmouth, Caroline, Minnie, Helen and 
Charles. 

^^'hile not active in political matters, Mr. 
Hornecker takes a commendable interest 



E^'^SEX COUNTY. 



43 



in public alTairs. and casts his vote with the 
RepubHcan party. Fraternally, he is iden- 
tified with a number of organizations. He 
is a member of Newark Lodge, No. 85, 
Knights of Honor; Philip Morse Lodge, 
L O. O. F.. of Orange, and also the en- 
campment of this order; and Germania 
Shutzenbery Lewellyn Company, No. 18, 
of Orange. His family are attendants upon 
worship at the German Lutheran church. 



JOHN CORE, 

one of the substantial citizens of Nutley, 
was born in Newark. New Jersey, on the 
20th of August, 1839, and is a son of Adam 
and Elizabeth (Smith) Corb. The family 
name was originally spelled Korb. The 
father was l)orn in Germany, near the river 
Rhine, in 1794, and won distinction as a 
soldier, serving as aide-de-camp on the staff 
of Napoleon Bonaparte. He was wounded 
at the memorable battle of \^'aterloo. His 
wife also was a native of Germany, and by 
their marriage they had five children, but 
the first two, sons, died in infancy, and the 
third, a daughter, died at the age of eight 
years. John Corb, of this review, is the 
next younger. His brother Andrew, who 
completed the family, was born in Newark 
in the year 1842, attained his majority and 
enlisted in the United States Navy. He 
died at Key West, Florida, about 1869. 

John Corb is therefore the only survivor 
of the family. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools of his native city, and later 
learned the trade of wheelwright, in i860 
and 1 861, following that pursuit in Frank- 
lin township under the direction of Thomas 
Vreeland. He afterward went to Paterson, 
New Jersev. where he followed the same 
pursuit until his enlistment in the army. 



For the past twenty-nine years he has been 
associated with the Kingsland Paper Com- 
pany, of Franklin township, and his long 
service well indicates his absolute fidelity 
to duty and his perseverance and thorough- 
ness in his work. No representative of the 
house enjoys or deserves the confidence of 
the company in a higher degree. 

Loyalty is among Mr. Corb's chief char- 
acteristics, not alone in business but also 
in everv interest with which he becomes 
connected. During the civil war he gave 
strong evidence of this element in his nature 
bv responding to his country's call for 
troops, and joining the boys in blue of 
Company K, Twenty-fifth New Jersey Vol- 
unteers, in September, 1862. He enlisted 
for nine months' service and participated in 
the battles of Fredericksburg and Suffolk 
during that time. On the expiration of his 
term he returned to New Jersey and worked 
on a farm for a month or two. In September, 
1864, however, he re-enlisted for one year, 
as a member of Company H, Thirty-ninth 
Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers, and 
with that command valiantly defended the 
Union cause. He participated in the battle 
of W'eldon Road and at Petersburg, and 
when hostilities had ceased once more re- 
turned home. 

Soon after his return from the war Mr. 
Corb was married and for a year was en- 
gaged in teaming for Mr. Kerstead, after 
which he entered the employ of the Kings- 
land Manufacturing Company. It was on 
the 4th of July. 186=;, that he was joined in 
wedlock to Miss Mary Kingsland, a daugh- 
ter of Joseph P. and Catherine (Garra- 
brant) Kingsland, of Franklin township. 
Her maternal grandfather, John Garra- 
brant. was a shoemaker by trade and was 
born at what was then known as Stone 



44 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



House Plains. He married Sarah Brciwn, 
wliose sisters were Katie, Annie and Jane, 
wliile her brothers were John, Aljrahant anil 
Peter Garrabrant. Joseph P. Kinssland. 
the father of Mrs. Corb, was probably a na- 
tive of Passaic coimty, New Jersey, and was 
of English descent. He had two brothers, 
Harry and George, and two sisters. Mary 
and Sarah. He married Catherine Garra- 
brant, and they had nine chiklren. Sarah, 
George, Lucinda, Isaac, Mary, John, Jane, 
Manda and Richard, all of whom were mar- 
ried with the exception of one who died in 
early life. 

Seven children were horn of the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Corb. Allina, who was 
born July 23, 1867, married E. H. Tyler, of 
New York city, and lias three children. — 
Charles, John, and Margaret M.: Susan 
Viola, who was born March 11, iSvo, mar- 
ried Carpenter Carey, who died Anril 22. 
1895: a son born May 23. 1873, died the 
following day; Lucy Madee, born August 
13, 1874, married George Garrabrant, and 
has two living children. Pearl and Jesse, 
and one deceasetl, Elsie: Harry William. 
born March 8, 1877, is at home; another 
son died on the day of his birth, June 3, 
1880; and George Andrew, born May 13, 
1885, is now attending school. 

Mr. Corb and his family attend the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church and are people of 
prominence in the comnnmit\'. ha\'ing 
many warm friends and occuuving a high 
place in social circles. Our subject is a 
charter member of the United C)rder of 
Friends and is a comrade of Meade Post, 
No. 7, G. A. R., of Passaic, New Jersey. 
In early life he was a Democrat, but is now 
a stanch Republican, and is well informed 
on the issues of the day. Very industrious 
and energetic, he is a man of unbounded 



honor in all business and social relations, 
and is highly esteemed in the community in 
which he has so long made his home. 



THE COLLAMORE FAMILY. 

Davis Collamore. the only representative 
of his familv name in the Oranges, was con- 
temporaneous with Haskell, Marcy, Tomes, 
and other enterprising men, who cleared 
the mountain forests of West Orange, mak- 
ing there a series of refined suburban 
homes. Belhurst, Mr. Collamore's beauti- 
ful country seat, with its gracefully sloping 
lawns, grand old forest trees, and its wealth 
of flowers and shrubs, will ever be associat- 
ed with memories of its owner, whose cre- 
ati\e genius and love of nature enabled him 
to em])hasize the natural beauties of the lo- 
cation, so that it yielded the largest meas- 
ure of pleasure to the many who were per- 
mitted to enjoy his genial hospitality. Mr. 
Collamore was an exemplification of that 
rare development of qualities which, 
through successive generations, had char- 
acterized the family as one of marked in- 
fluence in its day. 

In early colonial records the name is vari- 
ously spelled — Collymore, Colmore, Colly- 
mer, Collmer, etc. It is derived from Col- 
line, a small mound or hill. From the de- 
scription of the arms. gi\'en in Burke's Gen- 
eral Armory, it would appear that the fam- 
ily came from France, and the inscription 
on the shield indicates that its members were 
among the Ijold crusaders who followed 
the fortunes of Richard Cceur de Lion, and 
were knightetl for brilliant achieve- 
ments. The first of the familv name men- 
tioned in the historv of Plymouth colony, 
is that of Peter Collymore. who secured a 
grant of land at Scituate, Massachusetts, in 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



45 



1639, and wliose home, Brook Hall, on the 
"Tliird Herring Brook." was on the direct 
road to Scituate Harbor. He was also an 
original proprietor at Seconset, now Little 
Compton. Peter became a freeman in 
1643. 3nd ha\ing no children he sent to 
Europe for his nephews. William Black- 
more (soon afterwards killed by the In- 
dians), and Anthony Collymore. By will. 
dated in 1684. Peter provided for "wife 
Mary, one-third of the income of my es- 
tate." also for children of William Black- 
more, and then to his nephew Anthony all 
other property. 

Captain Anthony Collamore. was a 
prominent citizen, always taking part in 
military, civil and ecclesiastical affairs of 
his town. In 1666 he married Sarah, twin 
daughter of Isaac Chittenden, several times 
deputy from Scituate, member of the coun- 
cil of war, etc. Anthonv was a captain 
of militia and master of a vessel, and lost 
his life December 16. 1693, in a wreck on 
the coast near his home, his vessel going to 
pieces on a rocky reef which still bears the 
name of Collymore's Ledge. In 1694. 
shortly after his death, there was printed 
in Boston a memorial, composed Ijy the 
Rev. Deodet Lawson. under the title of 
"Threnodia, or a Mournful Remembrance 
of the Much-to-be Lamented Death of the 
Worthy and Pious Captain Anthony Col- 
lamore." Of Anthony Collamore's twelve 
children, only five lived beyond infancy: 
Peter, Mary, Sarah, Martha and Elizabeth. 
The last named was twice married; first to 
Jeremiah Rose and afterwards to Tymothy 
Symmes. Her great-granddauehter, Anna 
Symmes. married, November 22. 1795. 
William Henry Harrison, ninth president 
of the United States. 

Peter Collamore, son of Captain An- 



thony and Sarah (Chittenden) Collamore, 
was born in Scituate, Massachusetts, in 
1 67 1, and in 1695 married Abegail Davis, of 
Roxbury, Massachusetts. Their children 
were: Abegail, Sarah. Anthony, Peter, 
]\Iary, John, Isaac, Thomas and Samuel. 
P^eter and Samuel died young; the de- 
scendants of v\nthonv went to New York 
state and V^ermont; they adopted the "er" 
termination of the name. Among these 
was Hon. Jacob Collamer, who was post- 
master-general in 1849, and LTnited States 
senator from Vermont, 1855 to 1865. The 
descendants of Isaac went to Maine and 
Rhode Island, while those of Thomas and 
John remained in Massachusetts. 

John Collamore. sixth child of Peter and 
Abegail (Davis) Collamore, was born in 
Scituate, in 1704, anu died April 17, 1755. 
He married Margaret Whiton, daughter of 
Enoch Whiton, of Hingham, Massachu- 
setts, April 2/. 1732. Their children were: 
Sarah. Mary. Betty. John and Enoch. 

Captain Enoch Collamore. fifth child of 
John and Margaret (Whiton) Collamore, 
was born in Scituate, Massachusetts, June 
27, 1745. and died Anril 22, 1824. In the 
war of the Revolution he "marched for the 
Relief of Boston in the Lexington Alarm," 
April, 1775, and March 17, 1777, was elect- 
ed one of the committee of correspondence, 
inspection and safety, serving till the close 
of the war. He represented Scituate in the 
first state legislature in 1781-2-3. and again 
in 1806-7-8. His title of captain was 
gained in the militia. He married Hannah 
Cushing. daughter of Captain Pyam and 
Hannah (Lincoln) Cushing. whose ances- 
tor. Matthew Cushing. came in the ship 
Diligent from Hingham. in old England, 
and settled in Hingham, in New England, 
in 1633. Hannah was a granddaughter of 



46 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



the Hon. Benjamin Lincoln, who was a 
representati\-e of the i^eneral court in 1746- 
47-48, and a niece of General Benjamin Lin- 
coln, who served through the Revolution 
and was secretary of war in 1781. Their 
nine children were: John, Hannah, Sarah, 
Enoch, Sophia, Anthony, Gilman, Horace 
and Susannah. 

Colonel John Collamore, eldest child of 
Enoch and Hannah (Gushing) Collamore, 
was born in Scituate, Massachusetts. July 
9, 1775, and died March 18, 1859. He was 
a manufacturer and farmer, cultivating the 
acres of his ancestors with success. Like 
others of his race, he was prominent in the 
affairs of his native town. The military in- 
stinct was inherited naturally, and from the 
time he received his first commission as en- 
sign, from the Hon. Samuel Adams, in No- 
\ember, 1795, until the expiration of that of 
colonel, given him by John Brooks, in 
1820, he was a commissioned officer in the 
militia of the commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts for thirt}' years. It is recorded that he 
was never superseded, and was, during the 
entire time, never hut once absent from any 
regularly appointed training or review. In 
civil life he served as selectman, assessor, 
justice of the peace, school committeeman 
and county commissioner, and also as a 
member of the convention, held in 1820, 
to revise the state constitution. Colonel 
Collamore was also a deacon in the Baptist 
church, and widely esteemed as a man of 
sterling integrity and fervent piety. He 
was twice married, first on October 4, 1801, 
to Michal Curtis, daughter of Ebenezer 
Curtis, of Hanover, Massachusetts, one of 
his contemporaries in the Revolutionary 
service. Her grandfather, Bazaliel Curtis, 
was made one of the committee of corre- 
spondence, inspection and safety for Han- 



over, in 1775. The children of Colonel 
John and Michal ( Curtis) Collamore w^ere : 
John and Michal (twins), born August 13, 
1802; Sarah, July 26, 1804; Mary, March 
7, 1806; Betsey, November 5, 1807, Eben- 
ezer, September 5, 1809; Williams, July 
23,1811: Lucinda, March 28, 1813; Will- 
iams and Lucinda (twins), August 13, 1815; 
Andrew Fuller, September 11, 1817; Davis, 
October 7, 1820. Colonel John Collamore 
married, second, Polly Little, of Marsh- 
field, and had issue : Almira Amanda, 
George Enoch, William Ward, Gilman. 

Da\-is Collamore. twelfth child of Colonel 
John and Michal (Curtis) Collamore, the 
seventh generation of the name in America, 
was born in Scituate, Plymouth county, 
Massachusetts, October 7, 1820. Having 
received a thorough academic education, he 
came to New York in 1836, to enter the 
emplov of his Vjrother, Ebenezer, an im- 
porter of fine china and glass, then located 
at 151 Broadway, and lived with his broth- 
er, whose home was in the neighborhood of 
St. John's park. After six years with his 
brother, during which Davis not only mas- 
tered the details of the business as then con- 
ducted, but made as well a study of ce- 
ramics, hefounded the house of Davis Colla- 
more, at 595 Broadway. Some years after 
the name was changed to Davis Collamore 
& Company, Mr. Collamore admitting to 
partnership some of his clerks, to whom 
he gave an interest. Highly endowed with 
that mental trait which has been so aptly 
styled "'the gentle genius of taste," Mr. Col- 
lamore speedily devoted his energies to em- 
phasizing the artistic features of his busi- 
ness. He ditl much to refine and cultivate 
the public taste of his day, and to increase 
the understanding and love of ceramic art, 
his mind quickly grasping the wisdom of 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



47 



the view which held that it should be stud- 
ied for the new forms of beauty it reveals, 
and for the sake of the enlarged intelligence 
and consequent widened range of refined 
pleasure afYorded by such research. Among 
his business contemporaries he soon be- 
came not only a leader whose opinions were 
sought in this branch of trade, but his 
marked ability as an art connoisseur and his 
originality as a designer of styles was fully 
recognized and acknowledged by leading 
manufacturers of Europe. He was most 
appreciative of all that is best in art ami 
literature. 

The business of which he was the founder 
remained practically unchanged till 1886, 
when it was reorganized as a stock com- 
pau}-, with Mr. Collamore as president. 
Though naturally of a retiring disposition, 
during his business career of fifty-one years 
Mr. Collamore did not hesitate to take part 
in public affairs where he thought he could 
be of service. As a member of the Seventh 
Regiment he was on duty during the night 
of the Astor Place riots, and as a loyal Re- 
publican was a stanch supporter of the na- 
tional government during the Rebellion. 
Among his business associates he was re- 
garded as the soul of honor and integrity, 
and his commercial probity enabled his firm 
to meet every obligation through all the 
financial crises. 

Al^out 1864 Mr. Collamore became a 
summer resident of West Orange, pur- 
chasing seventy acres on the eastern slope 
of the Orange mountain, part of the Simeon 
Harrison farm, twenty acres being appie 
orchards and the balance the line foresv, 
which gave to his home its fitting name, 
"Belhurst," (beautiful wood). The estate 
was bounded on the east by ^Ir. Tomes' 
property, and extended on the west to the 



verv crest of the mountain. While the 
home was being built Mr. Collamore lived 
at Cosy Cottage, adjoining Silver Spring, 
the home of Dr. Lowell Mason. In im- 
pro\ing the property it was the owner's 
pleasure to enhance the natural beauties of 
the location rather than to make it in any 
degree artificial. The dignified mansion, 
built of lirown stone, (juarried on the estate, 
was designed by his nephew, George Hath- 
orne, the eminent architect, whose early 
death deprived his profession of a talented 
memljer. 

Among the first to introduce the breed- 
ing of Jersey cattle in the neighborhood 
of Orange, the beautiful creatures grazing 
in the fields at Belhurst were one of the 
features of the place. Much friendly rivalry 
existed among the various owners of the 
vicinity, and representatives of Mr. Colla- 
more's herd won many a prize at the annual 
state fairs at Waverly. New Jersey. In 
1867, during the early agitation of the ques- 
tion of good roads, Air. Collamore joined 
other public-spirited citizens in serving on 
the township committee and as chairman 
of the road committee he was largely in- 
strumental in securing the adoption of the 
Telford system of improved road-building. 
The owner of Belhurst was one of the 
twelve original members of the New Eng- 
land Society of Orange. 

Of dignified mien, a semi-military bear- 
ing increasing his courtliness of manner, 
Davis Collamore was the personification of 
thoughtfulness in all the varied range of 
his charities. From his pilgrim ancestors 
he inherited to the fullest extent all the 
characteristics of resolute courage and de- 
votion to duty which marked the sturdy 
settlers of the Plymouth colony of Massa- 
chusetts. From both parents he drew a 



48 



ES(-<EX COUXTY. 



mingling of strength and gentleness- of 
manner that was specially attractive in his 
character and which made his home life 
ideal. Though naturally reserved in man- 
ner, he was a most charming social com- 
panion. In conversation, a breadth of 
knowledge acquired by extended travel, ob- 
servation and reading, gave to his concise 
and comprehensive, yet well-chosen words, 
the impress of wise thought. His tact and 
heljjfulness, in the ])resence of suffering, 
made him a welcome visitor in many a sick- 
room. All who were fortunate in possess- 
ing his acquaintance bear testimony to his 
purity of life and to the many attributes 
which marked him pre-eminently the 
Christian gentleman. His death, August 
13, 1887, was a loss to the community. 

On November 7, 1842, Mr. Collamore 
married Hannah Augusta Fiske, a Boston- 
ian by birth, and a direct descendant of 
David Fiske, who came from England to 
Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1642, and 
whose English record traces back in the 
direct line to Symon Fiske, lord of the man- 
or of Stradhaugli, parish La.xheld, county 
of Suffolk, England, in the reign of Henry 
\'I., (1399-1422). Robert Fiske (and wife 
Sybil Gould), the progenitor of the New 
FZngland family, was fourth in descent from 
him. 

Davis and Hannah Augusta (Fiske) Col- 
lamore, hatl four children : Emma Au- 
gusta, Lucinda Fuller, Davis and Marion 
Davis. The eldest married Samuel Pat- 
ridge. The second and third children died 
in infancy. Mrs. Collamore died Novem- 
ber 13, 1882. After the death of Mr. Col- 
lamore. his two daughters, finding the cares 
and responsibilities of the place too great, 
sold the homestead and nineteen acres, re- 
taining the forty acres adjoining. They 



still spend their summers on the Mountain 
Ridge, and cling fondly to the many pleas- 
ant associations connected with this neieh- 
borhood. 



ANTHONY BOWDEN. 

For a half century this gentleman has 
given his close and undivided attention to 
the manufacture of cotton goods and to- 
day stands as one of the leading repre- 
sentatives of manufacturing interests in the 
state. He has added to a thorough under- 
standing of the business, keen perception 
and sound judgment in business affairs, en- 
terprise and resolute purpose, and by his 
fair dealing has been enabled to keep his 
goods upon the market and secure a liberal 
patronage. His is the success that results 
not from a combination of fortunate cir- 
cumstances but follows as the logical result 
of earnest labor and well defined purpose. 

Mr. Bowden is a native of Cedar Grove, 
born October 22. 1827. His father, John 
Bowden, was a native of Derbyshire, Eng- 
land, and in that land learned the trade of 
cotton-weaving. In 1819 he crossed the 
Atlantic to America and locating in Newark 
he soon afterward engaged in the manu- 
facture of cotton goods in the old Wash- 
ington street factory. In a short time, 
however, he abandoned that and came to 
Cedar Grove, where in 1825 he opened a 
mill under the firm name of Bowden & 
Stanley. Still later he returned to New- 
ark, where he continued in the same busi- 
ness. He possessed much talent in the line 
of music and for several years served as 
organist in the old Episcopal church in 
Newark, and did much to promote the 
taste for music among his fellow towns- 
men. In 1826 he purchased the old Van 





^. 



NEV. VORK 
[PUBLIC library! 

j^Ajtor, L«,«x in* Tlldon 

foundations. 

1901 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



49 



Riper farm at Cedar Grove of Matthias 
Williams, of Elizabeth, and established his 
home there. 

John Bowden was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary Sidebotham, a daughter of a 
wealthy cotton manufacturer of Cheshire, 
England, and to them have been born the 
following children: John; William; 
Thomas; John, an organ manufacturer in 
New York city; Joseph, who is living in 
Caldwell; Mary, deceased; Hannah, wife of 
Peter Lee; Alice, deceased wife of Henry 
Coulter; and Edna, wife of Abraham Ja- 
cobus, who is living in Verona. The father 
died in 1857, and the mother passed away 
in 1868. 

Anthony Bowden acc^uired his education 
in the schools of V^erona, and early in life 
learned the business of manufacturing cot- 
ton goods in his father's mill. When 
about eighteen years of age he took charge 
of the mill, which has been in continuous 
operation from the time of its establish- 
ment more than seventy years ago. He is 
now engaged in the manufacture of all 
kinds of cotton goods, for which he finds 
a ready market in New York city. The 
factory is svipplied with modern machinery 
and good equipments and facilities for 
turning out first-class work, and the busi- 
ness of the house is extensive and profit- 
able. In connection with his manufactur- 
ing interests, Mr. Bowden is also engaged 
in general farming and is the owner of 
sixty-five acres of rich land which is under 
a high state of cultivation and improved 
with all modern accessories and conveni- 
ences. The substantial stone residence 
which stands upon the place was erected 
by the Van Riper family soon after the 
Revolutionary war. 

In 1852 Mr. Bowden was united in mar- 

ii-4 



riage to Miss Eliza Stagg, a native of Ve- 
rona and a daughter of Nicholas and Re- 
becca (Jacobus) Stagg. The following 
record is of the family born of this union : 
Sarah, now the wife of Walter C. Bross; 
Mary, wife of Wilber Canfield; John, de- 
ceased; Josephine, wife of E. E. Taylor; 
William and Louis G. 

Mr. Bowden is a thoroughgoing busi- 
ness man, of good natural abilities and 
sound judgment, and in the management 
of his affairs his care and labor have 
brought to him substantial financial re- 
turns. He" casts his ballot in support of 
the men and measures of the Republican 
party, but has neither time nor inclination 
for public office. 



THOMAS EDISON. 

Glenmont, the home of Thomas Edison, 
the inventor, is situated between Park Way 
and Honeysuckle avenue, in Orange. The 
house is a combination of brick, stone and 
wood. Dixon, in his Life of Edison, de- 
scribes it as "refreshingly independent of 
architectural rules, it yet presents a v.talth 
of fancy, which brings into view at every 
turn unguessed and delicious surprises. It 
abounds in gabled roofs, picturesque nooks 
and angles, carved balconies and mellow 
sheets of stained glass, the whole set in a 
panorama of rare shrubs, floral arabesques 
and beds of emerald velvet, the brilliant col- 
oring of which is thrown in broad relief by 
a background of somber pines." The ex- 
tensive grounds contain specimens of the 
ornatum, the weeping red-cut leaved Japan 
maple, several specimens of the weeping 
Ijirch, the American and Jaoan Judas trees, 
fern-leaved and weeping beech, double red- 
flowering cherry, purple-leaved or copoer 



so 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



beech, vveepino- European larch, purple- 
leaved oak, golden oak, guyko or maiden- 
hair tree, white-leaved European linden, 
camperdown weeping elm, several varieties 
of spruce, Hudson's bay silver fir, Colorado 
blue spruce, heathlike Japan cypress, 
thread-branched retinospora, Japanese um- 
brella tree, golden yew, etc. 

In his description of the interior, Mr. 
Dixon says: "The hall, after the fashion of 
English manors, is luxuriously furnished. 
Red mahogany, cunningly wrought, enters 
into the composition of the floor, walls and 
ceiling, affording an effective background 
for the glowing eastern fabrics which 
abound. Mr. Edison's 'den,' back of the 
hall, contains the large collection of gifts 
from the crowned heads of Europe and 
other celebrities; gold medals of merit 
from the various expositions, in recognition 
of his wonderful achie\'ements in electrical 
inventions. Edison's purchase of Glen- 
niont constituted a ten days' wonder to 
those acquainted with his rough-and-tum- 
ble ways and his utter disregard of luxuiy. 
That a nature whose domestic requirements 
liad hitherto been met l)y the most prosaic 
of surroundings, should suddenly develop 
a necessity for the ver\' blossoming of 
jEsthetic art, was. indeed, calculated to ex- 
cite popular comment, but the inventor's 
selection was universallv commended as a 
suitable shrine for his young and lovely 
wife." 

Thomas Edison is unquestionably the 
greatest inventor, if not the greatest man, 
of the present age; his reputation is world- 
wide. His power over the elements of na- 
ture is almost boundless. Franklin drew 
the lightning from the heavens; it was har- 
nessed by Morse, and made the instrument 
of communication between man and man 



in every part of the known world; it was left 
to Edison, however, to guide and direct its 
course, to make it subservient to his own 
will, and to api:)ly the electric force to pur- 
poses never ]:>efore dreamed of. His scien- 
tific discoveries have placed him foremost 
among modern scientists, while his inven- 
tions have effected a revolution in almost 
every branch of industry, and have added 
millions to the wealth of this and other 
countries. His inventions have ceased to 
excite wonder or astonishment, for nothing 
is considered too great or too difficult for 
his fertile l)rain. 

Mr. Edison began life at the bottom of 
the ladder, and has risen, wholly independ- 
ent of environment or aid from other 
sources than those which originated in his 
own brain. He was born in Alva, Ohio, 
February ii, 1847. His mother, who had 
been a teacher, gave him the little schooling 
he received, and at the age of twelve he 
became a newsboy on the Grand Trunk line, 
running into Detroit. While thus engaged 
he started the Grand Trunk Herald, which 
he sold with his other papers. He wit- 
nessefl the operations of the telegraph at 
the different stations, and became inter- 
ested in the work. A stationmaster, whose 
child he had rescued in front of a coming 
train, at the risk of his own life, taught him 
telegraph operating. He became a de- 
voted student of and made many improve- 
ments in electric science. While employed 
as an operator he invented an automatic re- 
peater, by means of which a message could 
be transferred from one wire to another 
without the aid of an operator; and in 1864 
conceived the idea of sending two messages 
at once over the same wire, which led to his 
experiments in duplex telegraphy. This 
he subsequently perfected. In 187 1 he be- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



came superintendent of the New York Gold 
& Stock Company, inventing the printing 
telegraph for gold and stock quotations. He 
subsequently established a large workshop 
at Newark, New Jersey, removing in 1876 
to Menlo Park, at which place some of his 
most important inventions were perfected. 
His system of duplex telegraphy he devel- 
oped into quadruplex and sextuplex trans- 
mission. 

With the use of this harmonic multiplex 
telegraph, the principle of electric selection 
has been carried so fast in it, that as many 
as sixteen messages have been sent at 
once over a single wire. He invented the 
carbon telephone transmitter, used by near- 
ly all the telephones throughout the world. 
His phonoplex system of telegraphy did for 
way-station work what the quadruplex did 
for trunk-line work. This system of rail- 
way telegraph made possible the sending 
of telegraphic messaees to and from mov- 
ing railway cars without a metallic circuit 
connection. The messages are conveyed 
by induction to a conductor extending 
along the line of the railway. Another of 
Mr. Edison's inventions is what is known 
as the pyromagnetic generator, tiie object 
of which is to produce electricity direct 
from the heat energy of coal or other fuel 
without the intervention of a steam engine 
or other prime motor. This apparatus is 
constructed upon the principle that the ca- 
pacity of iron for magnetism decreases at a 
high heat. 

After years of experimenting, Mr. Edi- 
son solved the problem of electric lighting 
by perfecting the incandescent lamp. After 
perfecting a device for a lamp with a platina 
burner, he adapted a filament of carbon of 
high resistance, enclosed in a glass cham- 
ber, from which the air was almost com- 



pletely exhausted. He also solved the prob- 
lem of the commercial subdivision of the 
light in a system of general distribution of 
electricity, like gas, and in December, 1879, 
gave a public exhibition in Menlo Park of 
a complete system of electric lighting. This 
was the first instance of subdivision of the 
electric light, and created great interest 
throughout the world, especially as scientific 
experts had testified before a committee of 
the English house of commons in the pre- 
vious year that such a subdivision was im- 
possible. \\"hile working at this there were 
nearly, or quite three thousand theories and 
series of experiments investigated: experts 
were sent to all parts of the globe in search 
of fibres that could be utilized for the man- 
ufacture of carbon filaments, and the ex- 
haiistless zeal and dogged perseverance 
with which the great inventor pushed his 
researches dav and night, scarcely taking 
time for eating or sleeping, continued un- 
abated till at last his labors were crowned 
with success, and the incandescent lamp, 
practically perfect, was ready for the mar- 
ket. It is this resistless, rushing, burning 
intensity of purpose, combined with a bull- 
dog tenacity of grip and determination to 
reach the end desired, at all hazards, that 
has contributed very largely to the success 
of Mr. Edison in his work. 

The phonograph, which is one of the 
crowning wonders of the life of the great 
electrician, was invented by him in 1877. 
Mr. Edison was the very first to aoply the 
induction coil to the transmission of speech. 
The motograph receiver, generally known 
as the "loud-speaking telephone," is an in- 
vention by which the voice from a tele- 
phone can be received with such power as 
to be readily heard by a laree audience. 
The telephonograph is. as the name implies, 



52 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



an arrangement by which a telephonic com- 
munication from a distance can be recorded 
on the phonograph and reproduced at will. 
By the megaphone, which was invented by 
Mr. Edison during his acoustic researches, 
it is claimed that under favorable condi- 
tions, conversation, in an ordinary tone of 
voice, has been carried on over a distance 
of two miles, without the aid of connecting 
wires or any other medium than the air. 

In the tasimeter Mr. Edison has made 
an exceedingly sensitive machine for meas- 
uring slight degrees of heat. This is done 
by the employment of the principle of the 
varying electrical resistance of carbon in 
connection with the expansion of hard rub- 
ber under the influence of heat. It is so 
arranged that the expansion of a strip of 
hard rubber increases the pressure on a 
carbon button, and this increase of pres- 
sure is at once registered by a galvanome- 
ter. It is so sensitive to heat that the heat 
of a person's hand sensibly affects the in- 
strument at the distance of thirty feet, and 
by means of this instrument the heat given 
ofY by some of the planets and fixed stars 
has been successfully measured. In this 
same line is the odoroscope, which is con- 
structed on the same principle, but has for 
its object the measurement of the amount 
of moisture in the air. 

The electro dynamo was, to a certain ex- 
tent, a completed invention when Mr. Edi- 
son took up his work, and its general prin- 
ciples and details of construction were well 
understood by experts: but Mr. Edison at 
once began to make experiments, that have 
well nigh revolutionized the manner of 
building dynamos. He was the first one to 
design large steam dynamos, and in 1881 
he built a dynamo that weighed twenty- 
seven tons, and of whicli the armature was 



built of massive bars of copper instead of 
wires. This dynamo has been exhibited 
at all the great exhibitions since that time, 
and is acknowledged to be one of the 
greatest feats of modern science. 

Among Mr. Edison's inventions is the 
kinetoscope, designed to exhibit pictures 
of various objects in motion, the idea being 
to show all the movements of the object 
without any perceptible break in the pic- 
ture. Attempts have been made by others 
to accomplish this, but Mr. Edison was the 
first to give to the public a perfect machine. 
To accomplish this it is necessary to make 
from twelve hundred to three thousand im- 
pressions or pictures per minute, according 
to the character of the subject, to properly 
exhibit the movements or changes of the 
object. The negatives for these pictures 
are taken by an apparatus which Mr. Edi- 
son calls the kinetograph, in which a trans- 
parent sensitized film, in the form of a long, 
narrow tape, is moved at a very high rate 
of speed, behind a camera lens and an in- 
tervening rapidly moving shutter. The 
mechanism which moves the tape is pro- 
vided with a stop mechanism for positively 
arresting the forward movement when the 
tape is exposed by the shutter, and for giv- 
ing the proper periods of exposure in inex- 
posure. The negatives are reproduced 
upon long transparent tapes for use in ex- 
hibiting machines. A very large number 
of the machines are in public use, and for 
some time past have been combined with 
the phonograph. These machines are man- 
ufactured at Mr. Edison's works at Orange, 
New Jersey. 

The fluoroscope and fluorescent lamp are 
the result of Mr. Edison's investigation of 
the X-rays. By the use of this device the 
objects which had previously to be photo- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



53 



graphed can now be seen directly. This 
device is a flaring box. having a pasteboard 
bottom, over the inside of which is a layer 
of tungstate of calcium, which becomes 
fluorescent under the influence of the X- 
rays. The top of the box is provided with 
a curved sight, opening like a stereoscope, 
and the edges are padded so as to fit closely 
and exclude all light. The fluorescent 
electric lamp is a vacuum tube, covered 
with a layer of tungstate of calcium, which 
becomes highly fluorescent and gives off a 
pure white light when the vacuum tube is 
excited by oscillating waves of electricity. 

]\Iost of Mr. Edison's inventions are 
patented in the United States and foreign 
countries, although he has given to the 
public a large number of inventions and 
discoveries which were never patented. In 
the United States he has filed nearly one 
thousand applications for letters-patent, 
and up to date seven hundred and thirty- 
two patents have been issued for his inven- 
tions. In foreign countries, including the 
principal European countries. Canada, In- 
dia, Australian colonies. New Zealand, Tas- 
mania, Natal, Ceylon and Cape of Good 
Hope, over seven hundred and fifty patents 
have been issued for his inventions. 

While noting the successful experiments 
of Mr. Edison, the press frequently referred 
to him as "The Wizard of Menlo Park." He 
achieved some of his greatest successes in 
his laboratory at that place. He continued 
there for some years, when he removed to 
New York city. Soon after purchasing 
his beautiful home in Llewellyn Park, Mr. 
Edison concluded that it would be more 
convenient to have his laboratory and 
workshop near his home, and in 1887 he 
purchased the property on the corner of 
Valley road and Lakeside avenue, on which 



he erected substantial brick buildings, con- 
veniently arranged for his work. The main 
building, three stories high, contains on the 
first floor a magnificent library, elegantly 
furnished in hard wood. It is provided 
with galleries and alcoves, by which the 
upper tiers of book-shelves are reached, 
these shelves running from the floor to the 
ceiling, being filled with valuable works on 
electricity and kindred subjects. Near the 
center of the library is Mr. Edison's private 
desk, which is connected by electric bells 
and speaking tubes with every part of the 
several buildings. In the rear of the library, 
on the first floor, is the storeroom. This is 
a veritable museum, or, rather, it is a com- 
bination of museum, ironmonger's shop, 
drug house and tinware establishment. It 
would be difficult to enumerate the various 
articles in this room. There are skins, hair, 
horns, lioofs, teeth of almost every known 
domestic and wild animal, including tusks 
of elephants, hide of rhinoceros and hippo- 
potamus, horn of antelope, antler of deer, 
shark's teeth, llama's wool, and specimens 
of other beasts. There is also almost every 
known variety of grain and cereals, fishes 
from all quarters of the globe, the rarest 
and most costly of drugs and chemicals, 
ore of gold, silver, copper, tin, etc., flour, 
sugar and other commodities, as well as 
iron and tinware, are found in the collec- 
tion. All these are made use of by Mr. 
Edison in his various experiments. On the 
second story of this building are a num- 
ber of small rooms, used by Mr. Edison's 
assistants in making experiments, conduct- 
ing researches, etc., under his direction. 
There is a well equipped photograph gal- 
lery, and a room devoted to the displav of 
Mr. Edison's inventions in the telegraph 
and telephone. To the north of the main 



54 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



building is a long, low, one-story brick 
structure, known as the galvanometer 
building. It is filled with the most deli- 
cately adjusted instruments for measuring 
electric currents; and one peculiarity of 
the structure is that there is not a particle 
of iron or steel in its construction, all the 
nails, nuts and screws being of copper. 
North of this building are the chemical 
rooms, where experiments are made. A 
short distance east of the laboratory is an- 
other cluster of brick and frame buildings, 
which form the Edison phonograph works. 
Mr. Edison, while living in Orange, is 
not of it. He is too much absorbed in his 
inventions to give society or other afifairs 
much attention. He is well represented, 
however, by Mrs. Edison, who mingles 
freely in societv and is active in benevolent 
and other works. She is popular with all 
classes. 



WILBER W. DE CAMP, 

a veteran of the civil war and a prominent 
citizen of Roseland, was born in his home 
city on the ist of December, 1840, a son 
of Aaron De Camp, of whom mention is 
made elsewhere in this work. Mr. 
De Camp was reared to farm life until at- 
taining the age of fourteen years, when he 
served an apprenticeship at the shoemaker's 
trade with his father, and he continued to 
follow that line of industry until the war 
of the Rebellion caused him to offer his 
services in defense of the Union. On Sep- 
tember I. 1862, he enlisted in Company D, 
Twenty-sixth New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry, as a private, participating in the 
battle of Fredericksburg, besides many 
other engagements and skirmishes, and for 
brave and efficient work he was promoted 



to the rank of first sergeant. He was hon- 
orably discharged on the 19th of June, 1863, 
and at the conclusion of the war he worked 
at his trade until 1874, when he engaged in 
the manufacture of shoes, making a strict- 
ly hand-made article for the New York and 
Hudson valley market, and giving employ- 
ment to between thirty-five and forty 
hands. In 1889 he established a general 
mercantile store at Roseland, where, by in- 
dustry, thrift and honest business methods, 
he has succeeded in building up a large and 
constantly increasing trade. 

In his political views Mr. De Camp is in- 
dependent. He was appointed postmaster 
of Roseland under President Cleveland's 
first administration, and he has served as 
connuissioner of deeds, was town commis- 
sioner for two terms, a member of the 
school board for eight years, was master of 
the Grange for two years and is at present a 
notary public. 

The marriage of Mr. De Camp was con- 
sununated on the 25th of February, 1868, 
when he was united to I\Iiss Justinah 
De Camp, a daughter of Harrison De 
Camp, of Roseland, Essex county, and a 
granddaughter of Benjamin De Camp. 
They have one child, Marcus W., of Rose- 
land, who married Elizabeth B. Moger; 
they have four children. — Witsel R., 
Blanch M., Aline and Harold L. 

Harrison De Camp followed the vocation 
of shoe-making during his life and resided 
at Roseland. He married Miss Electa 
Bond, a native of Caldwell and a daugh- 
ter of Alva Bond, and they became the par- 
ents of four children, Justinah; Annie C, 
the wife of George L. Smith; Sarah Eliza- 
beth, who married Jeptha Williams: and 
Jane Maria, who died young. Mr. and Mrs. 
De Camp were members of the Roseland 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



55 



church, in the faith of which Mr. De Camp 
departed this Hfe on the 2d of April, 1897. 



HENRY BERG, 

who is prominently and widely known in 
business and social circles, has a lar^e circle 
of friends, whose confidence and esteem he 
enjoys by reason of his sterling worth, fidel- 
ity to duty and strict adherence to the 
ethics of commercial life. He is a son of 
Frederick and Anna Berg and a member of 
the well known firm of F. Berg & Com- 
pany, hat-manufacturers of Orange. He 
was born in Orange on the 3d of February, 
1865, and was educated in the public 
schools and in the New Jersey Business 
College, in which he pursued a commercial 
course that well fitted him for the practical 
duties which he assumed on entering mer- 
cantile life. 

He learned the hat-maker's trade in his 
father's establishment, wher£ he continued 
as an employee until 1888, when he was ad- 
mitted to a partnership in the business. This 
enterprise is conducted after the most ap- 
proved modern methods, the partners 
working in harmony and their progressive- 
ness bringing continual advancement in 
the manner of carrying on the trade. The 
hou.se has an enviable reputation for relia- 
bility, good workmanship, promptness in 
filling orders and for fair dealing, and the 
liberal patronage which they receive is 
justly merited. 

Mr. Berg, of this sketch, was married in 
Orange, on the 24th of October, 1887, 
when Miss Anna E. Leimer became his 
wife. Her parents, Benno and Elizabeth 
(Schuldyce) Leimer, were natives of Ba- 
varia, and the father now resides in Orange, 
but the mother departed this life in 189&. 
The family of Mr. and Mrs. Berg num- 



bered three children, but one died in in- 
fancy. The others are William H., who 
was born January i, 1894, and Henry, born 
January 9, 1896. 

]\Ir. Berg takes quite an active interest 
in civic societies and is a valued member of 
various organizations. He belongs to 
Union Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and has at- 
tained the thirty-second degree of the 
Scottish rite. He is a member of Eiche 
Lodge of Heptasophs, of Newark, and the 
Waterwitch Club, of Neversink Heights. 
He is a trustee and treasurer of the Ger- 
man School Association, attends the Ger- 
man Presbyterian church, of Orange, and 
in his political views he is a stalwart Re- 
publican. 



HOWARD J. VAN DOREN, 

whose industrial interests add to the busi- 
ness life of Bloomfield and who is ranked 
among the progressive and valued citizens 
of the town, is a native of this state, coming 
of a family numbered among the most an- 
cient of those who aided in the colonization 
of the new world. He descends from a 
family prominent in Revolutionary days. 
The original American ancestor came from 
Holland in 1640 and from an early date the 
name has been linked with the history of 
New Jersey. The last slaves owned in this 
state were held by this family. At an early 
day, as well as at the present time, the fam- 
ily have been connected with many of the 
leading of^cials of New Jersey and with 
many prominent lawyers. Mr. Van Dor- 
en is a relative of Vice-President Hobart. 

The subject of this sketch acquired his 
elementary education in Brooklyn, New 
York, and afterward continued his studies 
at Cornell Universitv, Ithaca, New York. 



56 



Et<f<EX COUNTY 



Thus, by excellent educational privileges, 
he was fitted for the practical and respon- 
sible duties of life. On the completion of 
his collegiate course he began his business 
career, entering the house of Samuel 
Wilde's Sons, in New York city, wholesale 
dealers in coffee and tea, and continued his 
connection therewith until 1895, when he 
purchased the ice plant in Bloomtield; and 
since then he has been extensively and suc- 
cessfully engaged in the manufacture of ice. 

The works of which he is now at the head 
were established in 1890, and were first 
owned and operated by the Bloomfield & 
Montclair Crystal Ice Company, which 
continued in charge until 1895, when Mr. 
Van Doren purchased the plant and ma- 
chinery. He has since put in improved ma- 
chinery and equipments and the latest fa- 
cilities for manufacturing a superior qual- 
ity of ice, and has one of the best plants in 
this section of the country. The ice is 
manufactured from pure artesian-well 
water, entirely free from animal or vege- 
table matter, and the capacity of the plant 
is from twenty-five to thirty tons in twenty- 
four hours. The product of the factory 
finds a ready sale in the market : the busi- 
ness is exclusively wholesale, the ice being 
purchased by the jobbers, and has steadily 
grown in volume. The increased sales have 
brought a corresponding increase in profits, 
so that he is now doing a good business 
and reaping a just reward for his labors. 
Besides the ice business Mr. Van Doren is 
also engaged in other industries, in New 
York city. 

In his political principles he is a Repub- 
lican, taking an active part in the advance- 
ment of the measures of his party. He is a 
member of the Royal Arcanum, the Loyal 
Additional and several other orders. 



In 1 89 1 was celebrated the marriage 
which united the destinies of Mr. Van Dor- 
en and Miss Leonie Hauxhurst, of West- 
chester county, New York. They have 
many friends in Bloomfield and are warmly 
received in the best homes in the city, their 
culture and sterling worth insuring them 
a welcome everywhere. 



CHARLES BORCHERLING, 

in whom are combined the elements that go 
to make up the skilled and successful 
lawyer, was born in Berlin, Prussia, on the 
nth of January, 1827. His father was 
Charles F. Borcherling, a highly respected 
citizen of Newark, who came with his fam- 
ily to the United States during the child- 
hood of our subject. The latter afterward 
returned to Germany, where he received a 
practical education and on again crossing 
the Atlantic he continued his literary 
studies. It was his original intention to 
follow a commercial life, but his fondness 
for study and desire to comply with the 
wishes of his father led him to prepare for 
the bar. To this end he became a student 
in the law ofifice of Cortlandt Parker, of 
Newark, under whose direction he contin- 
ued his reading until June, i860, when he 
was admitted to the bar and immediately 
afterward entered upon the active practice 
of his profession. He soon rose to promi- 
nence and has long been regarded as one 
of the strongest members of the legal fra- 
ternity of Essex county. 

Mr. Borcherling is a close student, careful 
in the preparation of his cases, and when he 
enters the court-room he has that calmness 
which arises from a mastery of the interests 
entrusted to him. He loses sight of no 
assailable point in an opponent's argument 



ESSEX COrXTY 



:>/ 



and in his defense brings to bear each point 
of, his case with telhng force. He is logi- 
cal, clear in his reason, convincing in ora- 
tory and persuasive, strong and accurate. 

In 1869 Mr. Borcherling was united in 
marriage to Miss Eliza S. Ouinby, a daugh- 
ter of James M. Ouinby, deceased, who was 
one of the most esteemed and prominent 
citizens of Newark for many years. Mrs. 
Borcherling died in 1875, leaving one son, 
Frederick Adolph Borcherling, now a prac- 
ticing attorney in Newark. In 1885 ^Ir. 
Borcherling was again married, his second 
union being with Mrs. Mary Ruxton Nor- 
ris, widow of Thomas P. Norris, deceased, 
of Newark. 

Although Mr. Borcherling has always 
taken a deep interest in matters relating to 
the public welfare, he has never sought 
prominence in the political arena: his pref- 
erence has been to give his full time and 
attention to the law, where he has achieved 
renown and gained a distinctive clientele. 



THE LINDSLEY FAMILY. 

This name is variously spelled Linle, 
Linley, Linsley and Lindsley. The name 
was originally Linesley, and there is a town 
of that name in county Lancaster, England, 
where this family had their seat. They 
bore : Arms — Sable, a lion rampant be- 
tween eight crosses pattee fitchee argent. 
Crest — An arm in armor, embowed, hold- 
ing in the glove a sabre, all ppr. 

John and Francis Linley emigrated from 
a place hot far to the southwest of London 
and settled in the New Haven colony about 
1640. John Linley took the oath of fidelity 
to the New Haven colony, July i, 1644. 
The names of John and Francis Linley 
appear on the New Haven records the fol- 



lowing year in a suit for "damadges" as 
follows: "Stephen Medcalfe complavned 
that he was going into the house of John 
Linle_\-, Francis Linley, his brother, being 
in the house, told him he would sell him a 
gunne. that said Stephen asked him if it 
were a good one, he answered yea, as any 
was in the towne." The "gunne" proved 
defecti\'e as was shown by the result and 
the finding of the court. "The court con- 
sidering the premises, the great damadge 
Stephen Aledcalfe had susteyned in the 
losse of his eye, wth the losse of his time 
and the great chardge of the cure, Mr. 
Pell atTirming it was worth lol, ordered 
Francis Linley to pay to Stephen Medcalfe 
20I damadges." 

Branford, formerly Totoket, was estab- 
lished as a plantation in 1644 ^'''d the names 
of John and Francis Linley appear on the 
records in 1646. They were probably 
among the first planters. Tolin remained 
at Branford, where he died, his children 
having settled "ancient Woodbury." 

Francis Linley came with the first 
settlers to Newark, and his name appears 
among the forty additional settlers who 
signed the "Fundamental Agreement," 
June 24, 1667. In the first division of 
"home lots," he drew No. 44. He also 
had his division of meadow land and a "lot 
in the Great Neck." He obtained patents 
for several tracts of land, part of which was 
in the right of Ebenezer Canfield. Among 
the records of the New Jersey Historical 
Society are copies of several deeds of Fran- 
cis and Ebenezer, his son. He was a large 
landholder, but does not appear to have 
taken a prominent part in the town affairs. 
His "home lott" was on the corner of the 
present Market and High streets. His 
chiklren born in Branford were : Deborah. 



58 



ES.^EX COUNTY. 



born 1656; Ruth, born 1658; Ebenezer, 
born 1665; John, born in Newark, 1667; 
also Benjamin, Joseph and Jonatlian. 

Ebenezer Lindsley. eldest son and third 
child of Francis Lindsley, was born in Bran- 
ford, Connecticut, in 1665; was brought 
with his parents to Newark two years later. 
His children were: Hannah, born 1693; 
Ebenezer. born 1696; Josiah. Elihu and 
Btnjamin, born 1715. Benjamin Lindsley, 
youngest child of Ebenezer Lindsley. was 
born in Newark, in 171 5. That he lived 
and owned property in w^hat is now Orange 
is shown bv the fact that he was one of the 
subscribers to the amount of six pounds to 
the "second meeting-house," in 1753. He 
married Mary Morris, daughter of John 
Morris, son of Captain John Morris, and 
had issue, John, known as "Judge John," 
born 1752, Sarah, Elizabeth. 

John Lindslev. eldest child and only 
son of Benjamin and i\Iary (Morris) Linds- 
ley, was born in that part of Newark now 
known as South Orange, in 1752. His 
name appears among the subscribers to the 
"Parish Sloop," in 1784. John Lindsley 
and Aaron Munn were appointed a com- 
mittee to meet the committee of the New- 
ark church to try and "accomidate the dif- 
ference existing between Newark church 
and the church of Orange, respecting the 
lower parsonage." At the "usual Fourth 
of July celebration," held in 1814, John 
Lindsley. Esq.. with Major Abraham 
Winans, were the "bearers of the national 
standard." This honor was always accord- 
ed to the leading men in the town. In the 
early records he is mentioned as "Judge 
John." He was justice of the peace for a 
number of years and afterwards associate 
death. Judge John Lindsley married 
judge of one of the county courts until his 



Phebe Baldwin, daughter of Israel Baldwin, 
and had issue. Lydia, Sarah, Marv (Squire 
Stephen D. Day married Sarah, and on her 
decease, married Mary), Matilda, John 
Morris, born 1784. Benjamin, Phebe, Eliza. 

John Morris Lindsley, son of Judge John 
and Phebe (Baldwin) Lindsley, was born in 
Orange, in 1784. He was a leading man in 
the community and was one of the first 
to start a country store. He was asso- 
ciated with his brother-in-law, Stephen D. 
Day, until 1806, when the firm was dis- 
solved and the business continued by Mr. 
Lindsley in the store built for the firm on 
the easterly corner of Cone street, the site 
of which is now occupied by the Orange 
Savings Bank. He continued to do a thriv- 
ing business for many years and was recog- 
nized as one of the leading and most en- 
terprising merchants in Essex county. 
When his sons Nelson and George arrived 
at rhe proper age they were taken into part- 
nership and the business continued as John 
AL Lindsley & Sons until his death. In 
1850. Nelson and George established the 
coal business, being the lirst to introduce 
its use in Orange. They built up an exten- 
sive business in this line and gradually re- 
duced their stock of general merchandise, 
limiting it to that of coal and hardware. 

While taking no prominent part in poli- 
tics, he encouraged improvements in every 
direction and had great faith in the ulti- 
mate development of his native town. He 
witnessed its growth from a simple farming 
district to a flourishing township, which 
gradually tleveloped into a prosperous city. 
He married Charlotte Taylor, a descendant 
of Rev. Daniel Taylor, the first pastor of 
the Mountain Society. His children were: 
Nelson, born August 2^. 1808; Romana 
A., married Philip Kingsley, the first lawyer 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



59 



of Orange, afterwards Locke Catlin; John; 
Ann E., married Edward Truman Hillj'er; 
James Girard; George. 

Nelson Lindsley, eldest child of John 
Morris and Charlotte (Taylor) Lindsley, 
was born at the homestead of his father, on 
the corner of Main and Cone streets, on the 
site now occupied by his son as a hardware 
store, August 2^,. 1808. He attended the 
public school and the Orange Academy, 
and entered his father's store as clerk and, 
together with his brother George, succeed- 
ed to the business. In 1862 the new brick 
building was erected on the opposite cor- 
ner, and for twenty years the firm was the 
most prosperous of any in the county out- 
side of Newark. In 1883, owing to increas- 
ing weakness. Nelson withdrew from the 
firm, the business being continued by his 
brother. 

Mr. Lindsley had no desire for politics or 
social life, but was a stanch Republican and 
always a leader in every movement tending 
to improve the town or benefit his neigh- 
bors. He was especially active in the move- 
ment made in 1857 to secure better facilities 
on tJTc Morris & Essex Road. He was one 
of a committee which waited upon the man- 
agers of the Morris & Essex Railroad to 
protest, in the name of Orange, against an 
increase of fares to New York and New- 
ark, of fifty and twenty-five per cent. He 
continued to agitate the matter until the 
object was accomplished. He also assisted 
in securing the incorporation of Orange as 
a town. The agitation was begun in 1839, 
and he called to order the first public meet- 
ing held to consider that cjuestion, in Wil- 
low Hall, November 17, 1859. He was 
elected to represent the third ward in the 
following year, when the first town com- 
mittee was organized. He served one term 



of three years. Mr. Lindsley was president 
of the Rosedale Cemetery Association for 
many years and spent much of his time in 
bringing the cemetery to that state of de- 
\'elopment which has since characterized it. 
Lender the old militia system he took an 
active interest in military afl^airs and was 
adjutant of the Fifth Regiment, Essex 
Brigade. There were few men who occu- 
pied a more important position or exer- 
cised greater influence in the community. 
He was a devoted husband and a model 
father. He married Ann Harrison, daugh- 
ter of Caleb Harrison (son of Caleb, of 
George, of George, of Sergeant Richard), 
and had issue. Charlotte: Edward; Anna, 
married, first, Farrand Dodd, second, Orrin 
S. Wood; John N. ; W^alter. Mr. Lindsley 
died Sunday, July i, 1888. 



THE MANDEVILLE FAMILY. 

The Mandevilles of America all have a 
conmion origin and are descended from one 
of the oldest and most distinguished fam- 
ilies of France. An inscription on a plate 
over the gate at the entrance of Rouen, in 
Normandy, France, whence the family came 
originally, shows that they had achieved 
great distinction in the early history of that 
ancient city. When William, duke of Nor- 
mandy, "the Conqueror," passetl over into 
England, A. D. 1066, he was accompanied 
by one Godfridus de Mannavilla, who, on 
the distributory lands and lordships which 
afterwards took place, was very liberally re- 
warded for his services. A grandson of the 
latter was the first earl of Essex. 

Giles Jansen De Mandeville, the Ameri- 
can ancestor of this family, fled from the 
city of Rouen, Normandy, France, to Hol- 
land, and in the province of Guilderland he 



6o 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



married Elsje Hendricks, about 1640. He 
received from the Dutch government a 
grant of land at Flatbush, Long Island, 
and came to this country in 1647, O" the 
ship Faith, in company with Peter Stuyve- 
sant, afterwards governor of the colony, 
who was a great friend of the family and 
who, later, gave his friend Mandeville a 
grant of land on the Hudson river, extend- 
ing from Ganzevoort street upwards and 
including the present Abington Square, 
which was then the family burying-ground. 
The locality was Greenwich village. 

Hendrick Mandeville, the eldest child of 
Giles Jansen De Mandeville, came into pos- 
session of the Flatbush property, which he 
sold and then removed to Pompton Plains, 
New Jersey. He was twice married and 
had six children, viz. : David, Peter, Antje, 
Johannis, Hendrick and Giles. Giles Man- 
deville, youngest child of Hendrick, was 
born at Pompton Plains, New Jersey, Jan- 
uary 25, 1708; died August 8, 1776. His 
first residence was in a log house, which 
was destroyed by fire in 1742. He built a 
stone house on the same site, which is still 
standing. He married Leah Bruen or 
Brown and had eight children, viz. : Hen- 
drick (3), born 1732; Elizabeth, born 1736; 
William, born 1739: Johannis, born 1740; 
Anthony, born March 7, 1742; Grietje, 
Giles, Abraham. 

Abraham Mandeville, youngest child of 
Giles and Leah (Brown) Mandeville, was 
born at Pompton Plains, New Jersey, Oc- 
tober 25, 1750. He was a man of consider- 
able means and influence in the community. 
He married Antje Van Wagoner. Their 
children were : Catherine, born August 7. 
1775, died in infancy^ Gellis, or Giles, born 
November 29, 1777; Cornelius, born No- 
vember 20, 1779; WilHam, born May 20, 



1782; Helmah, born August 18, 1785; 
Abram, born May 14, 1788; Catherine, 
again, born July 24, 1789; Leah, born June 
8, 1795. 

Giles Mandeville, eldest living child of 
Abraham and Antje (Van Wagoner) Man- 
deville, was born at Pompton Plains, New 
Jersey, November 29, 1777; died in 
Orange, June 14, 1863. He was a pros- 
perous farmer and a man of more than or- 
dinary intelligence, possessed of a retentive 
memory and fond of books, of which he had 
a large and varied collection. He was well 
informed on the leading topics of the day 
and was a man of nmch ability and influ- 
ence. He was the founder of the Orange 
branch of the family, having settled here in 
1800, being then a young man of twenty- 
two. He was interested in educational mat- 
ters and founded the first public library 
ever established in the Oranges, his own 
collection of books forming the nucleus. It 
was well patronized by the young men of 
the day, who derived great benefit from it, 
and Mr. Mandeville was recognized as a 
public benefactor. He died June 14, 1863, 
and was buried in the old Orange burying- 
ground, but afterward was removed to 
Rosedale cemetery. He was a man of hon- 
est convictions, but simple and unaffected 
in his manner. In appearance and personal 
characteristics he showed the hereditary 
traits of the family. He married Sally, 
daughter of Henry Wick, of Morristown, 
New Jersey, and had issue: Abraham; 
James Camp: Elizabeth, married Cyrus 
Baldwin: Henry Sears, and Preston. Giles 
Mandeville married, second, Abigail Crane, 
a descendant of Jasper Crane, who married 
the daughter of Governor Treat, of Con- 
necticut, and one of the original settlers of 
Newark. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



6i 



Abraham Mandeville, eldest child of Giles 
and Sally (Wick) Mandeville, was born in 
Orange, August 27, 1805. He was edu- 
cated at Colonel Chester Robinson's school 
and later engaged in mercantile affairs and 
held many offices of trust and honor. He 
was coroner and was for fifteen years justice 
of the peace. He was one of the incorpor- 
ators of the Orange Savings Bank and con- 
tinued on the board of management up to 
the time of his death. His early connection 
with the Masonic fraternity was a notable 
event in his life. ha\-ing been raised to the 
sublime degree of Master Mason. February 
20. 1827, in Union Lodge, No. 11, only a 
few weeks before the corner-stone of Ma- 
sonic hall was laid. Stephen D. Day, one of 
the founders of the lodge, was grand junior 
warden of the state at the time, and took 
an active part in the ceremonies. Dr. Dan- 
iel Babbitt, who afterwards became grand 
master of the state, was worshipful mas- 
ter of Union Lodge at the time, and from 
him Mr. ]\Iantleville received his first les- 
sons in speculative Masonry, and exem- 
plified its teachings during the remainder 
of his life. During the anti-Masonic ex- 
citement, from 1836 to 1846. he remained 
firm and loyal to the order, and at the time 
of his death was the oldest living Master 
Mason in Orange, having been a member of 
Union Lodge for over half a century. When 
work was resumed by the lodge, after a 
lapse of many years, he was among the first 
to take his place among his brother mem- 
bers. He died in May, 1887, age eighty- 
one years and nine months. He married 
Lydia L. Kilburn, daughter of Daniel Kil- 
burn, of Orange, a descendant of "Ser- 
geant John" Kilburn, of Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut, whose ancestry dates back to that 
of William de Kilbourne, lord of the manor 



of Kilbourne, in Yorkshire, born A. D. 
1 173. The children of Abraham and Lydia 
L. (Kilburn) Mandeville were: Lewis A., 
Sarah E., Giles P., Phebe A., and Mary K., 
who married Joseph A. Minott. 

James Camp Mandeville, second child of 
Giles and Sally (Wick) Mandeville, was 
born in the house, on Main street (still 
standing I, opposite the Methodist church, 
about 1807. He received a good common- 
school education, and learned the trade of 
coach-making with Hedenburg, Pickett, 
Cooper & Company, and was associated 
with them in jjusiness. He made consider- 
able money, but through the failure of his 
old employers, in 1841, he lost it, and was 
obliged to go to work as a journeyman. 
He removed to Newark and lived there 
during the remainder of his life. He mar- 
ried Caroline Van Vilsor, of Hempstead, 
Long Island, and had issue Dr. Frederic B. 
and Anna ]M., who married Edwin Scud- 
der. 

It is not surprising to find a physician in 
this branch of the family, as there have been 
several members of the different branches 
who have attained distinction in this pro- 
fession. Sir John Maundeville, born in St. 
Albans, England, about 1300, was a man 
of scholastic learning and also accjuainted 
with meclicine and natural science, as 
understood in that day. Bernard Mande- 
ville, M. D., born at Dordrecht about 1665, 
was settled as a physician in London, where 
he died January 21, 1733. Several mem- 
bers of the American branch have been 
prominent as physicians. 

Frederick B. ^Mandeville, eldest son of 
James Camp and Caroline (Van Vilsor) 
^landeville, was born at 291 Washington 
street, Newark, August 17, 1840. He 
evinced early in life a thirst for knowledge 



62 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



and a determination to adopt a professional 
life. With bright hopes for the future, the 
father gave him every encouragement, and 
his preliminary studies were pursued untler 
the direction of Nathan Hedges. Rev. Will- 
iam Bradley, and the distinguished classical 
teacher, Rev. Dr. Weeks. He completed 
his preparatory course at the Newark 
Academy, and soon after entered Rutgers 
College. At the end of his sophomore 
year he decided to give up his studies and 
pursue a mercantile career. He began as 
clerk in the mercantile establishment of 
S. R. W'. Heath & Company, and soon won 
the confidence of his employers and was 
tluly promotetl. The desire to enter the 
medical profession returned and he applied 
himself diligently, during his leisure hours, 
to the study of such works on medicine as 
would enable him to enter a medical col- 
lege. He became interested in the theories 
of the new school of practice and, at the 
age of nineteen, entered the New York 
Homeopathic Medical College, in which he 
was graduated in 1861. While pleased with 
the new school of practice, he determined 
to obtain a knowledge of the old as well, 
and after completing his course in the first, 
he entered the New York Medical College 
from which he received his degree of M. D. 
in 1863. While pursuing his studies in the 
latter college he availed himself of the op- 
portunity occasioned by the civil war and 
obtained an appointment as medical cadet 
in the United States service, and was as- 
signed duty at the Ward United States 
Hospital, in Newark. After a brief experi- 
ence he was promoted to acting assistant 
surgeon. His experience in this hospital 
proved of great a(h'antage to him in his 
subsequent practice. He was associated 
for a vear with Dr. Charles R. Fish, a 



homeopathic physician, in Newark, New 
Jersey. On the latter's removal from New- 
ark, Dr. Mandeville succeeded to his prac- 
tice. During this period he continued his 
studies and his mind broadened and ex- 
panded and he was led to take a more lib- 
eral view of the old and new schools and 
adopt such methods as seemed best adapted 
to circumstances. The wisdom of this 
course was soon manifest, and his clientele 
increased from year to year and the "God 
bless you" fell from the lips of many who 
had experienced the benefit of his independ- 
ent methods. During his long and success- 
ful practice, Dr. Mandeville has kept apace 
with the times, ready at all times to adopt 
the best methods of others, even where it 
conflicted with his pre-conceived theories. 
He enjoys a high reputation among those 
of his professional Iirethren who are not 
wedded to iron-clad theories, and is ad- 
mired for his bold, independent, manly 
course. In 1869 he was appointed to the 
chair of diseases of children and hygiene, 
in the New York Homeopathic Medical 
College: his professional duties, however, 
compelled him to decline the honor. 

.The cause of education has always been 
one of deepest interest to Dr. Mandeville, 
and he has never neglected any opportun- 
itv to place the best means and facilities 
within the reach of the masses. He was 
elected a member of the board of education 
of Newark, in 1872, continuing for nine 
years, until his removal from the ward, in 
1881, necessitated his retirement. For 
seven years of this period he was chairman 
of the teachers' committee. He was for 
some years a member of the Newark board 
of health, having succeeded Dr. J. D. 
Brumlev to that position in 1882. He was 
twice president of the health board and was 



ESSEX COUNTY 



63 



chief officer of health for five years under 
the old regime, and during this period he 
recommended many changes and improve- 
ments which were of great benefit to his 
native city. He served as president of the 
new board of health for one year. Dr. 
Mandeville was one of the founders of the 
New Jersey State Homeopathic Society 
and served two terms as its president. He 
is a member of the New Jersey Medical 
Club and American Institute, and an hon- 
orary member of the New York and Penn- 
sylvania State Homeopathic Societies. He 
has been for many years a contributor to 
the medical journals, his articles evincing 
originality and independence of thought as 
well as careful study and thorough investi- 
gation. He is a member of the New Jersey 
Club, composed of physicians residing in 
Union, Hudson, Essex and Passaic coun- 
ties, New Jersey. 

Dr. Mandeville has been identified with 
various business enterprises, which have 
profited by the results of his early business 
experience. His reputation for business sa- 
gacity and foresight shows that the time 
spent during his earlv days in acquiring this 
knowledge was not in vain. He was one of 
the organizers of the Schuyler Electric 
Light Company; was its first vice-president, 
and was its president until its consolidation. 
He was one of the organizers of the United 
States Industrial Insurance Company, of 
Newark, which enabled the poorest men to 
avail themselves of its benefits, relieving 
want and misery in thousands of cases 
which the old plan of life insurance, under 
its costly methods, would have failed to 
meet. He was its medical director and 
vice-president, and was elected president in 
1892. 

In his religious connections Dr. Mande- 



ville was first with the Reformed Dutch 
church, afterward elder of the Park Presby- 
terian church, and when that was removed 
to the north end of the city he united with 
the old First Presbyterian church. He is 
also a member of St. John's Lodge, F. & A. 
M.. of Newark. Socially, Dr. Mandeville 
is one of the most genial and entertaining of 
men. Kind-hearted and charitable, he has 
always been foremost in performing good 
deeds, and relieving those in trouble and 
distress. He is still in the prime of life; his 
physical manhood strong, vigorous and 
pure. He is beloved by his associates, as 
well as by those under him, over whom he 
exerts a kind and fatherly influence. He 
married. October 7. 1863. Sarah Teel, 
daughter of George Tucker Teel. of New 
York. They had issue, Frederick Allen, 
born August 17, 1864; Henry C, deceased; 
Mary, married E. W". S. Johnson, of New 
York; James Arthur. 

Frederick Allen Mandeville, M. D., eld- 
est child of Frederick B. and Sarah (Teel) 
Mandeville, was born at the home of his 
father, on Washington street, Newark, Au- 
gust 17, 1864. His early instruction was 
received at the public schools of Newark, 
his father being at that time greatly inter- 
ested in the cause of public education, and 
a member of the Newark board of educa- 
tion. Frederick A. was prepared for col- 
lege at the Newark Academy, and entered 
Rutgers College in the cla.ss of '85, graduat- 
ing with honor. He was graduated and re- 
cei\'ed his degree of M. D. from the New 
York Homeopathic College in i8go. He 
established himself at 224 Belleville avenue, 
Newark, depending wholly upon his own 
exertions, and at the end of two years had a 
lucrative practice among the best people of 
the eighth ward. In 1892 he made a trip to 



64 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Europe and took a post-graduate course at 
the University of \'ienna, his preceptors be- 
ing the eminent Drs. Albert and Bilroth. 
In 1893. soon after his return home, he 
combined liis own with his father's practice 
and formed a co-partnership, which still ex- 
ists, although Frederick A. has now almost 
the entire control of it. Like his father, he 
is not tied down by any iron-clad rules or 
system, but adapts his methods of treat- 
ment to suit each particular case. He loves 
his profession, and is ready to make any 
personal sacrifice to achieve success, re- 
gardless of the criticisms of those who are 
wedded to stereotyped methods of either 
the old or new school. He has original 
ideas and has invented and devised appa- 
ratus and improved methods which have 
been of great benefit to the profession. 

His inventions have been favorably no- 
ticed by the press, and had he chosen to 
avail himself of the commercial advantages 
to be derived therefrom he might have add- 
ed materiallv to his exchecjuer, but in all his 
inventions he has strictly observed the un- 
written code, which debars the profession 
from reaping any pecuniarv lienefit from 
their inventions. Even had there been no 
barrier. Dr. Mandeville could never be in- 
duced to restrict the use of any discoveries 
of his own that would help to relieve the 
sufferings of his fellowmen. He inherits 
from his father those strong sympathies for 
suiTering humanity that would lead to great 
personal sacrifices for the accomplishment 
of the ends sought. Like one of his dis- 
tinguished ancestors, his mind runs more' in 
the line of scientific than medical research, 
yet his researches all tend to increase his 
medical knowledge. He is a member of the 
New York Microscopical Society, the 
Academv of Sciences, the Torrev Botanical 



Club, the jMacKeon Club, and the several 
Columbia College societies. 



JOHN L. JOHNSON 

is numbered among the legal practitioners 
of the bar of Newark and has attained con- 
siderable distinction by reason of his com- 
prehensive and accurate knowledge of the 
law, his painstaking preparation of cases 
and his absolute fidelity to the interests en- 
trusted to his care. 

Born in St. Lawrence county, New York, 
on the i6th of May, 1847, he is of Scotch- 
Irish descent. The family was founded in 
Vermont at a very early day in the history 
of the colonies and among the first of the 
name of whom we have record is Obadiah 
Johnson. William Pitt Johnson, the father 
of our subject, was born in St. Lawrence 
county. New York, and after attaining his 
majority married Abigail Adaline Bell, who 
was born near York, Scotland. This 
worthy couple became the parents of five 
children who reached adult age, John L. 
being the youngest of the family. He 
gained a liberal education in the public 
schools and supplemented the same by at- 
tending the Albany Normal School, of Al- 
bany, New York. He then ceased to be 
a pupil and became an instructor, follow- 
ing the profession of teaching for a num- 
ber of years. In 1871 he came to New 
Jersey and engaged to teach in Hoboken. 
From 1872 to 1882 he was employed as 
professor of mathematics in the high school 
of the city of Newark, and was recognized 
as one of the ablest educators that has been 
connected with the educational department 
of the city. 

In the meantime Mr. Johnson took up 
the study of law and was admitted to the 



>i^'***'-'^^---,- 





NEW YORK 
I PUBLIC UIBRARvl 

^,*tfor,U(«>xi,(i<TiliJ«n , 

Foundations. 

fSOl 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



65 



bar. In 1883 he was appointed by Govern- 
or Ludlow to the office of associate judge 
of the court of common pleas, serving in 
that capacity for a term of five years, with 
strict impartiality and fairness. His su- 
perior knowledge of the elemental princi- 
ples of jurisprudence, as well as his accu- 
rate comprehension of the finer shades of 
meaning which are aften found in the law, 
eminently qualified him for judgeship. On 
his retirement from the bench he estab- 
lished an office in Newark, and his eminent 
abilities soon won him a distinctive clien- 
tele, which he has since retained. 

In 1872 Judge Johnson was united in 
marriage to Miss Sarah Alice, daughter of 
Stephen Personette, of French Huguenot 
descent. Two children were born to them, 
but one is now deceased. The mother of 
this family passed away in 1879. and in 
November, 1880, the Judge was again mar- 
ried, his second union being with Miss Alice 
L. Thornton, by whom he has one child, 
Maria J. Judge Johnson is a Knight 
Templar Mason and Past Master of St. 
John's Lodge, No. i, of Newark. He has 
a wide acquaintance in this city and in pro- 
fessional and social circles his many excel- 
lencies of character connuand hieh resard. 



HON. MARCUS L. WARD. 

Hon. Marcus L. Ward, ex-governor of 
New Jersey, was born November 9, 18 12, 
in the city of Newark, where his paternal 
ancestors have resided since 1666. The 
Wards are of English stock, and their home 
was in Northamptonshire, where the rec- 
ords of the family may be found. Stephen 
Warde married Joice Traford. and after his 
death his widow, with some of their chil- 
dren, including John Ward, came to New 



England in 1630, and in 1635 settled at 
Wethersfield, Connecticut. John Ward 
came to Newark in 1666, in company with 
about thirty families, and these formed the 
first settlers on the shore of the Passaic, 
laying out the present city of Newark. A 
son of John Ward, of the same name, was 
shortly after married to Abigail Kitchell, 
the granddaughter of the Rev. Abraham 
Pierson, the pious and eloquent pastor of 
the settlers, in honor of whose birthplace 
in England the name of Newark was con- 
ferred upon this, his new home. From 
such a stock one might well expect an hon- 
ored progeny, and it is not too much to say 
that during seven generations this family 
have been distinguished by the highest 
qualities of integrity and personal honor. 

In early life Governor Ward entered into 
trade, in connection with his father, and 
scion became connected with the financial 
institutions and public enterprises of the 
city. His wise counsel, his prudent judg- 
ment, his unswer\'ing integrity have been 
felt in their management and success; and 
thus he gained that confidence which he re- 
tained to the close of his life, through the 
passage of years, the virulence of party 
warfare, and through the strongest test, — 
that of public position and administrative 
responsibility. Governor Ward's political 
associations were with the Whig party, 
but he was among the earliest to recog- 
nize the necessity of a stronger organiza- 
tion to curb the growing domination of 
the south. He supported Fremont and 
Dayton in the presidential campaign of 
1856, but his attention was not seriously 
drawn to political subjects until the sum- 
mer of 1858. In that year the exciting con- 
test between slavery and freedom called 
him to Kansas, and while there he fully saw 



66 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



and appreciated the importance of the 
struggle going on in that territory. He 
gave, while there, his prudent counsels and 
generous contributions to the Free State 
party, and on his return to New Jersey he 
engaged warmly in the work of rousing 
public attention to the pending issue. At a 
time when party spirit was thoroughly 
aroused, and when constant misrepresenta- 
tions sought to confuse the public mind, his 
clear and unanswerable statements of fact 
were received with the confidence which 
his character always inspired. He was deep- 
ly interested in the political contest of the 
ensuing autumn, and none rejoiced more 
sincerely over the result in New Jersey. 
which secured a United States senator and 
an unbroken delegation in the house of 
representatives against the Lecompton 
fraud. 

In i860 the growing political influence 
of Governor Ward began to be felt and ac- 
knowledged, and he was unanimously chos- 
en a delegate to the Republican- national 
convention, the proceedings of which cul- 
minated in the nomination of Abraham 
Lincoln. In the contest which ensued he 
bore his full part, and when the result was 
reached he felt amply repaid for all his 
exertions. He neither challenged nor 
sought to avoid the consequences of that 
success. When the signal was given for 
that revolt which had long been prepar- 
ing in the southern states, it found him 
ready for any services or sacrifices which 
were necessary to defend the right. He was 
neither discouraged by defeats nor unduly 
elated with transient successes, but his ef- 
forts were devoted to the suppression of 
the Rebellion and the preservation of the 
Union. At the outbreak of hostilities he 
led in a call for a public meeting to sustain 



the go\'ernment. As the struggle in- 
creased in importance and drew into the 
ranks of the patriot army regiment after 
regiment of New Jersey troops, Governor 
Ward saw the necessity of sustaining the 
families of the volunteers during their ab- 
sence. Alone and unaided, he devised and 
carried out that system of relief the advan- 
tages of which were felt in every county of 
the state. The pay of the volunteer was 
collected at the camp and passed over to 
the wife and children at home; if killed or 
wounded, the pension was secured; and 
this continued until after the close of the 
war, without a charge of any nature upon 
these sacred funds. Hundreds and thou- 
sands of families were preserved from want 
and suffering by this wise and considerate 
scheme, and of all the means devised to 
sustain the state in its patriotic eft'orts none 
were more potent than this. 

But his active efforts did not terminate " 
here. It was through his efforts and in- 
fluence \\ith the general government that 
a hospital for sick and wounded soldiers 
was established in Newark, and in view of 
his loyal action his name was bestowed 
upon it. Ward's Hospital became known 
as one of the best controlled institutions of 
the kind in the country. His sanitary ar- 
rangements were fully appreciated by those 
most competent to judge of them. 

In 1862 so strongly did his services im- 
press the Repul)licans of his state that he 
was imanimously nominated for governor, 
but in the absence of the loyal soldiers of 
the state in the field, and in the deep de- 
pression of that memorable year, he was 
defeated. This did not change his un- 
swerving loyalty nor affect in the slightest 
degree his constant and unwearied labors 
for the right. In 1864 he was a delegate at 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



67 



large to the Republican national conven- 
tion at Baltimore, which renominated Mr. 
Lincoln. 

In 1865 he again received the Republican 
nomination for governor, and after an un- 
usually exciting contest he was elected by 
a large majority. His administration was 
in all respects one of the best which New 
Jersey has known. His executive ability 
was fully demonstrated, and his honesty 
and fidelity were unquestioned. Every de- 
partment of the public service, so far as 
his influence could reach it, was economic- 
ally and faithfully administered. The laws 
passed by the legislature were carefully 
scanned, and pardons for criminal offenses 
were granted only when mercy could be 
safely united with justice. His appoint- 
ments to office were widely approved, be- 
cause he regarded capability, honesty and 
worth as the basis for them. To his admin- 
istration New Jersey was deeply indebted 
for many important measures affecting the 
interests of the state. The present public- 
school act was passed upon his strong and 
urgent representations, and its advantages 
have been felt in the increased educational 
facilities of the state and the more thorough 
character of its schools. The riparian 
rights of the state were called by him to 
the attention of the legislature, and a com- 
mission secured, through which its large 
and valuable interests have been protected. 
His constant and persistent representations 
to the legislature, in his various messages, 
of the mismanagement of the state prison, 
under both political parties, contributed 
largely to the passage of an act removing it, 
as far as possible, from partisan govern- 
ment, and the result has been large sav- 
ings to the state. 

In 1S64 Governor Ward was placed upon 



the Republican national committee, and in 
1866 he was chosen chairman. In this ca- 
pacity he made the preliminary arrange- 
ments for the national convention of 1868, 
which nominated General Grant for presi- 
dent of the United States. He took a de- 
cided part in the campaign which followed, 
and his services and efforts were fully ac- 
knowledged. 

During a few succeeding years Governor 
Ward lived in comparative retirement, but 
was frequently called to duties of a public 
character. He was the first president of 
the Newark Industrial Exposition, and by 
his efforts contributed largely to its suc- 
cess. The Soldiers' Home, of Newark, was 
originally established through his exer- 
tions, and as one of its managers and the 
treasurer he gave it constant and unwearied 
service. It seemed natural and proper that 
the man who, during the war, had protect- 
ed the interests and families of the loyal 
soldier, who had provided him with the 
care and attendance of a hospital when sick 
and wounded, should, when the war was 
over, still secure him, crippled and maimed, 
the comforts of a "Soldiers' Home." 

During the presidential campaign of 
1872, Governor Ward was nominated for 
congress by the Republicans of the sixth 
district of New Jersey, and was elected by 
over five thousand majority. Upon taking 
his seat in the house of representatives he 
was recognized as one of its most valuable 
members. He was placed on the commit- 
tee of foreign relations, where his influence 
was felt, and always in the direction of the 
public interests. Governor Ward made no 
pretensions to the role of a speaker, but 
on a few occasions when he addressed the 
house he commanded its attention by clear- 
ly expressed views and the thorough hon- 



68 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



esty of his convictions. In 1874 Governor 
Ward was unanimously renominated for 
congress, but the condition of the country 
was unfavorable for success. Financial dis- 
aster disturbed all the marts of trade, and 
the large manufacturing district he repre- 
sented was most severely affected. Thou- 
sands of laborers were unemployed, and 
the hope that a political change would re- 
turn prosperity influenced their action. The 
tidal wave which swept over the strongest 
Republican states submerged his district 
also, although, as usual, he stood the high- 
est on the Republican ticket. The confi- 
dence and attachment of the people were 
never shown more clearly than in the regret 
and disappointment which this defeat occa- 
sioned. x'\fter the expiration of his con- 
gressional term he was tendered by the 
president the important post of commis- 
sioner of Indian affairs, but it was declined, 
while fully appreciating the compliment 
thereby conveyed. 

The ne.xt ten years of Governor Ward's 
life were spent in attention to his private af- 
fairs, and in two trips to Europe, which 
ga\e him great and unalloyed pleasure. In 
the beginning of the year 1884 he seemed 
in excellent health, but in March he deter- 
mined on a trip to Florida with a portion 
of his family. While there he was subject 
to malarial influences, which developed in 
his system during his return, and detainetl 
him sick in Washington for a few days. 
He was, however, brought back to New- 
ark, where he had the advantage of the best 
of care and the highest medical skill, but 
all in vain; he expired on the 25th of April, 
1884. The knowledge of his death was 
received by the community in which he 
lived with universal sorrow. The minutes 
of the institutions with which he was con- 



nected show their appreciation of him, and 
that of the managers of the Soldiers' Home 
was a most elocjuent tribute to the man. 

In 1840 he married Susan L. Morris, the 
daughter of John and Elizabeth Long- 
worth AI orris. They had mourned the 
loss of children; but two sons remained, 
around whom centered their hopes and 
affections. His life was singularly free from 
difficulties and anxieties. Accumulating 
by care and prudence a large fortune, his 
life was full of deeds of considerate charity, 
which have been as numerous as they have 
been blessed. Many a struggling artist 
has received from him the generous order 
which (lid not degrade the spirit, while 
relieving the necessity. His charities have 
frecjuently Ijeen pursued for years, unknown 
to the world, the result of the native kind- 
ness of heart which characterized him. 
Few men ever brought to public duties a 
greater amount of conscientious principle. 
Every public act was governed by that law 
of justice and of right which would stand 
the test of the closest scrutiny. Popular in 
the highest and purest sense of that term, 
he would not sacrifice his judgment or his 
convictions to the caprices of the multitude. 
His manners were unassuming and popti- 
lar, but he reached position because of the 
qualities which shoukl command it. He 
preferred the true to the false, the substan- 
tial to the pretentious, and his life was one 
which may be studied by all who seek dis- 
tinction and success in public life. 



HENRY J. SCHAEDEL 

is a leading representative of the building 
interests of Newark, where as a contractor 
he has attained prominence among the 
business men of the city. In many respects 



ESf^EX COUNTY. 



69 



his life is worthy of the liighest commenda- 
tion, for lie has been tlie arcliitect of his 
own fortunes as well; and enterprise, en- 
ergy, strong determination and capable 
management are tlie essential factors in his 
deserved prosperity. Thirty years have 
passed since he became identified with the 
building interests of Newark, years in 
which he has erected many of her best 
buildings and in which he has gained and 
retained the respect of his fellow townsmen 
by reason of his honorable dealing. 

Mr. Schaedel was born in Hessen, near 
Frankfurt-am-Main, June 27, 1845. ^"^^1 '^ 
a son of John and Elizabeth (Hauser) 
Schaedel. His father held a responsible 
position in a steam printing establishment 
and was an enterprising business man. His 
wife still survives him and is living with her 
son, Henry J. Schaedel, being now eighty 
years of age. She has three children, one 
of whom, Charles Schaedel, holds the re- 
sponsible position of superintendent of the 
Boston Rubber Company at Fells, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Henry J. Schaedel was educated in the 
fatherland, in a technical school, pursuing 
his literary studies in that institution, while 
in the davtime he worked in the shop, com- 
pleting a regular apprenticeship at the cab- 
inet-maker's trade. His apprenticesliip cov- 
ered a period of four years, — from 1859 to 
1863. Following the completion of his 
trade he remained in the land of his nativity 
for three years, during which time he had 
accumulated a small sum of money which 
was used in defraying the expenses of the 
voyage to America. Influenced by an uncle 
to come to America, where he believed bet- 
ter opportunities were afforded voung men, 
he sailed from Frankfurt in September, 
1866, and seventeen davs later landed at 



Castle Garden, New York city. Coming 
direct to Newark, he at once secured em- 
ployment at the carpenter's trade and for 
three years worked as a journeyman, in 
which time he managed to acquire a fair 
knowledge of the English language and 
also a small amount of capital. He then be- 
gan business on his own account, as a con- 
tractor, and gradually won a success that 
placed him among the substantial citizens 
of the community. As his financial re- 
sources increased he made investments in 
real estate, and when the financial panic 
of 1873-75 came, so much of his capital was 
thus in use that in order to meet the de- 
mands of the da}- he had to dispose of much 
of his property at a great sacrifice. He 
then ceased contracting for a time, and with 
his tool-chest went to Philadelphia, where 
he secured employment on the buildings 
then in process of construction for the Cen- 
tennial Exposition, and for a year his time 
was thus passed. 

He then returned to Newark and with 
the assistance of a kind friend, one of the 
well known business men of the city, he 
was enabled to buy a Ijoarding-house and 
saloon, which he conducted through the 
succeeding six years, recovering in that 
time much of the amount that he had lost 
in the panic. In the meantime the building 
interests of Newark were again in a flour- 
ishing condition and he resumed operation 
as a contractor, which industry has received 
his attention continuously since. Many of 
the best structures of the city have been 
erected under his supervision, including the 
corset factory at the corner of High and 
Orange streets, the Turn Verein hall, the 
Saengerfest hall, Feigenspan's and the Es- 
sex County breweries and the Freie Zei- 
tung building, which he erected in 1873. 



7° 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Also he has taken the contracts on many 
of the fine residences of the city, and has 
received a most liberal patronage, his faith- 
ful performance of his part of a contract 
and his uniform courtesy and honesty an<l 
his reliability securing him a large and con- 
stantly increasing trade. 

Mr. Schaedel entered upon the pleasures 
and duties of home life in Newark, Sep- 
tember lo, 1869, when was celebrated his 
marriage to Miss Ida. daughter of Joseph 
Stueble, of Baden, Germany. Mr. and Mrs. 
Schaedel have had the following children : 
Charles Henry, who married Lizzie Dry, 
and is a carpenter by vocation; Joseph, 
who is a paint merchant; John, a carpen- 
ter; August, who is an apprentice in the 
plumbing business; Edward, in the public 
school. 

In his political associations Mr. Schaedel 
is a Republican and at the earnest solicita- 
tion of friends became a candidate for al- 
derman in the sixth ward at the spring elec- 
tion of 1897, but was defeated. He is 
treasurer of the Boss Carpenters' Associa- 
tion, is president of the board of directors 
of the Beacon Street German and English 
school, is president and one of the organ- 
izers of the Improved Building & Loan As- 
sociation and a director of the German 
Building & Loan Association. Thus 
through his connection with the various 
building enterprises he has aided largely in 
the upbuilding and improvement of the city 
and has enabled many men in moderate cir- 
cumstances to gain homes where other- 
wise they could not do it. He is a public- 
spirited and progressive citizen and earn- 
estly co-operates in all measures that tend 
to the public welfare. He is a popular 
member of the Turn Verein and of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, and has the high regard of 



all with whom he is brought in contact 
through business or social relations. 



J. H. L. CADMUS. 

In the seventeenth century the Cadmus 
family was founded in New Jersey and its 
representatives have since been prominent- 
ly and honorably connected with the de- 
velopment and progress of the state. Two 
brothers of the name emigrated from Hol- 
land at a very early, period in the coloniza- 
tion of America and settled on the 
Jersey coast in Bergen county. The grand- 
father of our subject was Henry Cadmus, 
who was born in 1764 and was on^ of the 
colonists who resisted the oppression of the 
British government, bearing arms against 
that countrv until American independence 
was achieved. He was a deacon in the 
Dutch Reformed church, of Belleville, and 
was a leading and influential citizen of his 
day. His wife bore the maiden name of 
Letty McKeen, and was born in 1767. 

Abram H. Cadmus, the father of our sub- 
ject, was the eldest son of Henry and Letty 
Cadmus, and after arriving at years of ma- 
turity he wedded Mary Brown, by whom 
he had thirteen children, ten of whom 
reached years of maturity. He was also 
a deacon in the Dutch Reformed church, 
of Belleville, and when his country again 
became engaged in war with Great Britain, 
like his father, he went to its defense, serv- 
ing in the American army in 181 2-13. Three 
of his sons aided in the preservation of the 
Union during the civil war, James, the eld- 
est, and George, the youngest, being mem- 
bers of General Sickles' brigade, while 
Abraham enlisted in the Thirteenth New 
Jersey Infantry, all going to the front with- 
out receiving bounties. There were also 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



71 



several grandsons in the rebellion, among 
whom was Abram. the eldest son of James. 
He enlisted as a private at the beginning of 
hostilities, and served all through the war 
without being wounded, his meritorious 
conduct on the field of battle winning his 
promotion to the rank of captain. He was 
afterward killed by a stroke of lightning 
while working on a church in Nebraska. 

J. Henry Lafayette Cadmus was born 
July 24, 1824, and is the seventh son of 
Abram and Alary Cadmus. At the time of 
his birth the Marquis de La Fayette, who 
was visiting in this country, came on the 
packet Cadmus to celebrate the birth of his 
namesake. Mr. Cadmus is a worthy repre- 
sentative of this old and honored family 
that has not only been prominently con- 
nected with the development and progress 
of Essex county in days of peace, but has 
also furnished its loyal members to the 
nation in times of war. On the last pub- 
lished list of voters in Bloomfield there were 
thirtv-four of the name of Cadmus, all ad- 
herents of the Reiniljlican party. 



CHARLES HENRY WEEKS, 

of East Orange, was born in Hudson City, 
New Jersey. September 9. 1861 (and is a 
son of Frederick W. and Joeann (Brown) 
Weeks. The Weeks family is of English 
origin and for many generations its repre- 
sentatives were known as navigators. The 
father of our subject was born in New 
York city, where he acquired a good com- 
mon-school education and learned the trade 
of ship-calking, which he followed during 
the greater part of his business career, prin- 
cipally in the city of his birth. He and his 
wife are members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, and are ])eople of the high- 



est respectability. In their family are three 
children: Charles Henry; Addie Eveline, 
a graduate of the New York schools, now 
employed as a stenographer in that city; 
and \\'illiam Herbert, also a graduate of 
the New York schools and assistant teller 
for the Holland Trust company, with which 
he has been connected for five years. 

Charles H. Weeks acqtiired his early 
education in the common schools and re- 
mained at his parental home until he had 
attained the age of twenty, when he secured 
a position as pilot on the East river. For 
twelve years he was employed in that 
capacity, and on the expiration of that 
jjeriod, in 1893, he formed a connection 
with the Crocker & Wheeler Electrical 
Company, entering the enameling depart- 
ment, of which he is now serving as fore- 
man. \\ell qualified for the position, he is 
discharging his duties with marked fidelity 
and promptness, and his careful oversight 
of the department adds not a little to the 
success of the concern. 

Mr. Weeks is a member in good standing 
of Council No. 162, Junior Order of Ameri- 
can Mechanics, at East Orange; of Coun- 
cil No. 33, Daughters of Liljerty; also of 
Apex Lodge, Knights of Pythias, of East 
Orange, and the Uniform Rank of Knights 
of Pythias, of Newark. In his political 
views lie is a Republican, and both he and 
his- wife are consistent members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

In Brooklyn, New York, on the 3d of 
January, 1882, w-as celebrated the marriage 
of Mr. Weeks and Miss Jennie E. Wilson, 
a daughter of Albert A. and Hettie (Peer) 
Wilson, both of English descent, her birth 
having occurred August 15, 1861. Their 
home has been blessed with the presence 
of two children : Florence May, born Janu- 



ESSfJX COUNTY. 



ary 14, 1884; and Hettie Peer, born March 
16. 1887. 



MELANCTHON W. JENKINS. 

It would be difficult to find one who 
more fully exemplifies the American spirit 
of enterprise, progress and unfaltering per- 
sistence than this gentleman. The measure 
of man's success is not determined by the 
heights he happens to occupy, but by the 
distance between his present position and 
his starting point. Reckoned in this way, 
Mr. Jenkins has made a most creditable 
record, for he began business life in very 
limited circumstances and has steadily 
worked his way upward to the planes of 
affluence. He is now engaged in the man- 
ufacture of brushes in Cedar Grove, and is 
accounted one of the leading business men 
of the town. 

.\ nati\e of Alontclair. he was born Sep- 
tember 28, 1854. His grandfather lived in 
Essex county for many years, but spent his 
last days in Geneseo county. New York. 
His parents were Smith and Caroline 
(Jacoljs) Jenkins, natives of New York. 
During his earlv bovhood the father was 
bound out to a farmer in Short Hills, Essex 
county, and subsequently learned the shoe- 
maker's trade. For a short time he was in 
the charcoal business in Newark, and then 
remo\-c(l to Montclair, erecting the first 
house on Park street. There he followrtl 
his trade of shoemaking, doing quite an 
extensive business. He married Catharine 
W'ilty, and they became the parents of the 
following: Moses C, deteased; one who 
died in infancy; Harriet L., Oliver S. and 
Charles W. Eor his seconfl wife the father 
married Caroline Jacobs, and their children 
were Kinie, Anna R., Melancthon \V., Hat- 



tie, John and William. Their father died 
April 6, 1886, and their mother in July, 
1885. 

Melancthon W. Jenkins was reared ami 
educated in Montclair, and early in life be- 
gan earning his own living, following 
various pursuits. He afterward learned 
the painters' trade, which he pursued for 
some time, when he removed to Verona 
and became keeper of the toll-gate for a 
year. His next service was as a clerk in a 
grocery store owned by Jacob Braino, and 
in the same capacity he served Charles 
Ogletree. He went to Newark as a sales- 
man, but not finding that work congenial, 
he came to Cedar Grove, and on the 13th of 
August, 1877, entered the employ of Jona- 
than B. Ward, a brush manufacturer, for 
whom he acted as tra\eling salesman, 
traveling extensively throughout New Jer- 
sey, New "^'ork and Connecticut. He con- 
tinued with that house tmtil the factory 
was burned down, when he resolved to en- 
gage in business on his own account. He 
had but sixty dollars, but with undaunted 
energ)- and courage he began manufactur- 
ing brushes, doing business under a tree. 
It was, of course, impossilile for him to 
work in wet weather, so he soon built a 
little shed, and from that time on his busi- 
ness has prospered and increased in volume. 
He now has a w-ell equipped establishment 
and employs about seven men. He manu- 
factures a general line of brushes, but 
makes a specialty of brushes for jute mills, 
hat factories and all kinds of machinery. 
His trade comes from adjoining states as 
well as New Jersey, and the business has 
assumed important proportions and brings 
to him a good income. 

Mr. Jenkins has served his township as 
committeeman, also treasurer in Caldwell 




MELANCTHON W. JEHKINS. 



ES^EX COUNTY. 



73 



townsliip, and was one of the first elected 
to that ofiice after the organization of 
Verona townsliip. He is at present one 
of the members of the board of education. 
His pubHc service has Ijeen marked by the 
strictest fidehty to duty, and has won him 
the unqualified confidence of his fellow 
citizens. 

Fraternally Mr. Jenkins is a member of 
National Lodge, No. 102. I. O. O. F.. and 
is also a member of the Junior Order of 
American Mechanics. In 1880 he wedded 
Miss Mary E.. daughter of Jonathan B. and 
Martha (Dean) Ward. In their family are 
six children : Mabel W., born May 26, 1S81 ; 
Lillian M., June 8, 1883: Edna I., Septem- 
ber I. 1885: Melancthon Warren, October 
8, 1887: Edward S., January 18. 1889; and 
Martha C, June IQ, 1897. 



OLIVER S. JENKINS, 

proprietor of the Rose\-ille liakery, was 
born in Newark, June 2j. 1835, and is a 
son of Smith and Catherine (Witty) Jen- 
kins. He was reared and educated in the 
city of his birth and in early life learned 
the trade of shoemaking with his father. 
He followed that pursuit until 1887. at 
which time he took charge of the bakerv in 
Roseville and has since conducted a profit- 
able business there, enjoying' a large 
patronage. 

Mr. Jenkins in his early manhood was 
united in marriage to Miss Hannah Corby, 
who died, leaving one child, William E. 
For his second wife he chose Rachel 
Jacobus and l:>y this union were born three 
children : Delia. Frank and James. The 
present wife of Mr. Jenkins bore the 
maiden name of Gertrude Burt, and was a 



daughter of John and Alida Burt. Her 
father belonged to one of the old Jersey 
families of Morris county, who furnished 
its representatives to the Colonial Army in 
the war of the Revolution. Three chil- 
dren have been born by the last marriage: 
Oliver L., born April 24, 1880: A. Irving, 
born April 6, 1885; and Eva G., born May 
13, 1887. 

Prior to becoming the wife of Mr. Jen- 
kins. Gertrude Burt had also been previ- 
ously married. On the 26th of October, 
1865, she became the wife of Charles Al- 
dred, of Somerx'ille. and her son by that 
union is Frederick, who was born August 
2, 1866, and is a traveling salesman living 
in Ohio. On the 17th of December, 1869, 
IVIrs. Aldred was joined in wedlock to John 
William and they had two children : Rob- 
ert, who was born April 15, 1871. and is a 
clerk for the Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pan}-; and John H.. who was born Febru- 
ary 15, 1873, and has for ten years been a 
clerk in the Central Railroad office, his 
home being in Roseville. After the death 
of Mr. \\'illiam, his widow, now Mrs. Jen- 
kins, took charge of the bakery which had 
just been opened, verv successfully con- 
ducting it and building up an excellent 
trade. She is careful in management, of 
good executive ability and managed the 
enterprise, with success, until her last mar- 
riage. They now have a large number of 
customers and their patronage is steadily 
and constantly increasing. Mr. Jenkins is 
a Democrat in his political Ijelief, but has 
never sought or desired offtce, preferring 
to devote his energies to his business inter- 
ests. As a citizen he is true to all the 
duties that de\'olve upon him, and Roseville 
numbers him among her worthy represen- 
tatives. 



74 



ESl^EX COV:S'TY. 



MARCUS S. CRANE, 

of Caldwell, who devotes his energies to 
agricultural and milling pursuits, claims 
the distinction of being a direct descend- 
ant of Jasper Crane, one of the heroic little 
band of Puritans who, in search of religious 
freedom, braved the dangers of a voyage 
over an unknown sea, in order to have the 
right to worship God according to the dic- 
tates of their conscience in the forest of 
America. Landing on the bleak coast of 
New England, Jasper Crane made for him- 
self a home, and his descendants scattered 
throughout the New England colonies. 
The branch that located in Connecticut 
sent its representatives to New Jersey, and 
the family was thus founded in Essex coun- 
ty. The line of descent is traced down 
from Jasper Crane tlirough Azariah, Na- 
thaniel, Noah, Samuel, Cyrus and Asher 
B. to Marcus S. Crane, the subject of this 
review. 

Samuel Crane, the great-grandfather, 
was born on the 29th of October, 1747, 
and died February 28, 181 1. In 1768 he 
was united in marriage to Mary Baldwin, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth Baldwin, 
who was born October 3. 1747, and died 
January 26, 1817. Their children were 
Caleb; Zenas; Dorcas, who married Tim- 
othy Crane; Cyrus; Bets)', who became 
the wife of Matthias Cantield; Polly, wife 
of Samuel Harrison; and Major Nathaniel 
Crane. The grandfather. Colonel Cyrus 
Crane, was born October 2Tf, i779- and 
died November 17, 1827. His wife was 
in her maidenhood Hannah Crane, and by 
their marriage they became the parents of 
seven children. The oldest daughter, Dor- 
cas, became the wife of Demas Harrison, 
and the oldest son, Asher Crane, was born 



November 30, 1809, and was a prominent 
farmer, whose interest in public affairs was 
marked and conuiiendable. He was at one 
time a member of the board of freeholders 
of Essex county, and also served on the 
town committee. In his political affilia- 
tion in early life he was a Whig, afterwards 
a Democrat, and joined the Republican 
party during the early part of the civil war. 
He held a membership in the Presbyterian 
church in Caldwell and served as trustee 
and elder therein. He was twice married, 
his first union being with Eunice Baldwin, 
who died April 14, 1848, leaving a son, 
Cyrus B. Another son of this marriage, 
Joseph E., is now deceased. For his second 
wife Mr. Crane chose Joanna Harrison, 
daughter of Samuel Harrison, and to them 
were born two children: Mary E., deceased, 
and Marcus. The father died March 4, 
1888, and his death was mourned through- 
out the c(immunity, for he was a worthy 
citizen, a faithful friend, a devoted husband 
and father and a consistent Christian gen- 
tleman. 

Marcus S. Crane was born on_ the old 
family homestead. April 21, 1853, and there 
spent his boyhood days, assisting in the 
labors of the farm and conning his lessons 
in the district school of the neighborhood. 
He supplemented his early educational 
privileges by study in the Newark Acade- 
my and then returned home, resuming the 
work of the farm, which he has since con- 
tinued. The land is under a high state of 
cultivation, the improvements are in keep- 
ing with those of the model farm, and the 
neat and thrifty appearance of the place 
well indicates his careful supervision. He 
has erected new and commodious buildings, 
and is methodical, systematic and pains- 
taking in his work. Since 1894 he has also 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



75 



carried on the lumber and milling business; 
having purchased of the other heirs their 
interest in the saw and grist mill built on 
the farm by Caleb Heatfield and sold by 
him to Samuel Crane about the time of the 
Revolution. He is a worthy successor of 
an honorable and honored ancestry, and his 
undertakings have been rewarded with that 
return commensurate with his great indus- 
try and untiring energy. Mr. Crane is an 
officer in the Caldwell Presbyterian church 
and a member of the Patrons of Husbandry. 
His deep interest in the public welfare is 
indicated by his advocacy and liberal sup- 
port of all measures for the public good, 
and he is ranked among the valued citizens 
of the community. 



J. FRANK SMITH, 

a hat manufacturer of Orange, claims Con- 
necticut as the state of his nativity, his 
birth having occurred in Newtown, on the 
27th of August, 1852. Tradition says that 
the family of which he is a representative 
was founded in America by three brothers, 
one of whom settled in Ridgefield, Con- 
necticut, the second in Ridgebury, same 
state; and the third in another part of that 
state. From the first descended those 
through whom J. Frank Smith traces his 
ancestry. The first of whom we have au- 
thentic record was Daniel Smith, the great- 
grandfather, who was born in Ridgefield, 
Connecticut, and there spent his entire life, 
following the occupations of farming and 
butchering. He married Miss Phoebe 
Whitney, also a native of Ridgefield, and 
they became the parents of four sons and 
five daughters, as follows : Gamaliel: Daniel ; 
Harry; Samuel; Phoebe, who became the 
wife of Orman Broadway; Lucy, who mar- 



ried William Clark; Eliza, who wedded 
Benjamin Seymour; Sarah, wife of Matthias 
Comstock; and Catherine, who married 
Daniel Shoals. Both Daniel Smith and his 
wife died in Ridgefield after attaining an 
advanced age, and their remains were in- 
terred in the family burying-ground on the 
old homestead. 

Henry Smith, the grandfather of our stib- 
ject, was also a native of Ridgefield, fol- 
lowed agricultural pursuits for a livelihood, 
and with the exception of a few years spent 
in New York passed his entire life in Con- 
necticut. His children were: Sarah Esther, 
who is the widow of Charles Olmstead, and 
resides on the old homestead at Ridgefield, 
Connecticut: William; Gamaliel, deceased; 
Henry; Samuel A., who was killed by a 
train at Kensico, New York, April 12, 1897; 
George C. and Daniel, both deceased; 
and Phoebe E., wife of Elisha Brown, a 
resident of Ridgefield, Connecticut. The 
grandfather died in his native town, De- 
cember 24. 1885, and his wife passed away 
many years previously, at the age of sixty- 
seven years. 

Henry Smith, the father of our subject, 
was also born in Ridgefield, his natal day 
being October 3, 1827. He spent his boy- 
hood days upon the homestead farm, and 
accjuired a district-school education. WHien 
fifteen years of age he was apprenticed to 
learn the hatters' trade, which he has made 
his life ciccupation. having for thirty-three 
years engaged in manufacturing hats in 
Orange. He was married in Newtown, 
Connecticut, on the 13th of October, 1851, 
to Miss Ann J. Crofutt, a daughter of Rus- 
sell and Ann (Peck) Crofutt. She was born 
in Newtown, November 7, 1832, and by 
her marriage has become the mother of five 
sons, namelv: John Frank, of this review; 



76 



ESSEX COUNTY 



Edwin and Edward, who were twins, horn 
at Newtown, Novemljer 21, 1853, hut the 
former died in January, 1895; Charles H., 
horn in Ridgefield, July 9, 1838; and Harry 
\\'., horn in East Orange, Jul)- 4, 1873. 
The sons are all engaged in the manufac- 
ture of hats with the exception of Harry 
W., who is now an engineer on the Green- 
wood Lake Railroad. In his political views 
the father of this family is a stanch Repuh- 
lican, and hoth he and his wife are members 
of the Bethel church, in which he is holding 
the office of deacon. 

J. Frank Smith was only a year old wdien 
his parents removed to Ridgefield, Con- 
necticut, and was a lad of ten summers 
when they came with their family to 
Orange, New Jerse)'. He acquired his ele- 
mentary education in the conunon schools 
of Ridgefield. continued his studies in the 
high school of Orange, and completed his 
education in a private school conducted by 
the Misses Robinson. \\'hen he laid aside 
his text-books he entered upon an appren- 
ticeship at the hat-maker's trade in the fac- 
tory of Porter & Crofutt, and after coiuplet- 
ing his term of service he worked at his 
trade as a journeyman for some years. For 
the past twenty years he has conductetl 
business on his own account, and is regard- 
ed as one of the leading hat manufacturers 
in Orange. He is a man of keen discrim- 
ination, sound judgment and excellent 
business and executive ability, and these 
attributes of his character have contributed 
largely to his success. He has a plant sup- 
plied with the most improved machinery 
and equipments, and turns out an e.Kcellent 
grade of work. 

Mr. Smith was married on the 23d of 
September, 1873, to ]Miss Jane Hunter, 
who was born on Staten Island, New York, 



and is a daughter of Rol)ert and Ellen 
Hunter. They now have three children: 
George H., born on Sunday, June 28, 1874; 
Frederick D., born Saturday, June 10, 
1876: and Eva May, born Monday, Octo- 
ber 3, 1878. 

In pul)lic alTairs l\Ir. Smith takes an 
acti\e an<l leading i)art, and for four years 
efficiently and faithfully served as a mem- 
l)er of the town council. He is a past master 
of Union Lodge, No. 11, F. & A. M., of 
C)range, and a iueml)er of Orange Chapter, 
No. 2T,, R. A. M. In his political faith he 
is a Republican. 



EDWARD S. WILDE, A. M.. 

a lawyer residing at Glen Riilge, formerly 
a part of Bloomfield township, Essex coun- 
t}-. New Jersey, is a representative of a 
well known New Jersey family. 

He was born on the family homestead in 
Bloomfield. Decemlier 30, 1838. being the 
only child of James and Eliza Cook (Cad- 
nuis) Wilde. James Wilde was a native of 
England, Ixjrn in Yorkshire. August 14, 
1793, and came to America wdien about 
thirt}' years of age: he died October 16, 
1877. Eliza Cook Cadmus was born in 
Bloomfield, July 28, 1800, and died August 
10, 1882: she was the only child and heir 
of Hermon Cadmus, a son of Thomas Cad- 
mus, who was a soldier in the war of the 
Revolution and held a colonel's commis- 
sion prior to the war. Hermon Cadmus was 
l.)orn in Bloomfield — then Wardsesson — 
December 7, 1774, and died JNIarch 5, 1869. 
The maternal grandmother of our subject 
was Sarah \\'ard, a representative of the 
fanfilv of that name coming from Danbury, 
Connecticut, and settling at what is now 
Bloomfield : this patronymic gave then 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



77 



the name to tlie place. Slie was born 
March 17, 1775, and died January 25. 1863. 
All the above-named ancestors of Mr. 
\Vilde died in the homestead where he was 
born. A part of the homestead still stands 
on the northerly .side of Park street at the 
junction of Bloomfield avenue, opposite 
Christ church. It was built by Colonel 
Cadmus for his son Hermon, in the year 
1800. the title in the family going back to 
the reign of Oueen Anne. 

Edward S. Wilde, whose name stands at 
the head of this sketch, was reared at the 
old homestead in Bloomfield township, re- 
ceiving his early education at Bloomfield 
and later entering Princeton College, of 
which noted institution he is a graduate 
with the class of 1861. having been a junior 
orator from Clio Hall in i860. On leaving 
college he took up the .study of law. dili- 
gentlv pursued the same and in due time 
was admitted to the bar, his admission 
to practice Ijefore the supreme court at 
Trenton being in [804. Immediately 
thereafter he l)e<'"an the practice of his 
profession at Newark. Xew Jer.sey, and 
continued in active |)ractice there until 
1873. That year he turned his atten- 
tion to the settling up of his grandfather's 
estate and to looking after his own private 
business, being the owner of considerable 
\-aluable real estate, which came to him 
through his mother, and has since occupied 
his time chiefly in this way. Mr. Wilde 
owns a pleasant home with attractive sur- 
roundings, a part of the homestead pro].)- 
erty, on Ridgewood avenue and Wildwood 
Terrace. The opening of these and other 
avenues upon the family property and the 
fine improvements resulting are due to 
him. 

Mr. Wilde was married June 15, 1864, to 



Miss Helen A. McComb. of New York city, 
daughter of John and Fanny (Gale) Mc- 
Comb. Mr. and Mrs. Wilde have had three 
children: James, deceased; Frances Gale 
and Helen A. In his political views Air. 
\\ ilde harmonizes with the Democratic 
jiarty. 



ROBERT CHESNEY, 

who is the owner of large greenhouses on 
Pompton turnpike. \'erona township. 
Essex countw was born in Wigtonshire, 
Scotland. March 30. 1842. antl is the third 
in order of l)irth in the family of eight chil- 
dren of Hugh and Mary (Coburn) Chesney. 
To the public schools of his native land he 
is indel)ted for the educational advantages 
he received, and in that country he was also 
trained to the business of floriculture. 
However, on coming to the United States, 
in 18(12. he took up the leather business in 
New York city and followed that pursuit * 
for three years, but on the expiration of 
that period he resumed his labors as a florist 
and established an extensive business with 
large greenhouses between Kingsbridge 
anfl Fnwood. For nearly twenty years he 
conducted his enterprise there and btiilt 
up a very large and profitable business, but 
in 1884 he disposed of his plant by sale and 
transferred his interests to New Jersey, pur- 
chasing a tract of land and founding his 
present business in \'erona township. Essex 
county. He has here thirty-five thousand 
square feet under glass, and requires the 
assistance of his three sons to carry on the 
Inisiness. His trade has steadily and con- 
stantly increased, and upon his place are 
found a very great variety of the beauties 
known to the floral world, including some 
of the finest specimens of floriculture that 
have ever been produced. He conducts a 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



store in Montclair, which is the center of 
floral attraction in the cit\', and disposes of 
much of his surplus stock in the New York 
markets. His understanding of the science 
of plant cultivation is most accurate and 
comprehensive, and the products of his 
greenhouses vie with any that are placed 
upon the market. 

Mr. Chesney was married in 1874, at En- 
wood, New York, to Miss ]\Iary Kelly, and 
their children are: Robert; ^Nlary, wife of 
George E. Taylor; Hugh, a bookkeeper, 
of Newark; and Eddie. The parents hold 
a membership in the Congregational 
church, and Mr. Chesney has served as 
school trustee. 



JOHN W. STASSE 

is a man whom to know is to respect and 
honor, for his life in all its varied relations 
has been marked by the utmost fidelity to 
duty and to principle. He is now ably fill- 
ing the position of assistant electrician of 
the East Orange fire department, and has 
. the confidence and regard of all with whom 
he is thus associated. 

He was born in New York city on the 
25th of May, 1855, and is a son of Fred- 
erick and Hannah (Hicks) Stasse. the lat- 
ter of Holland ancestry. The father was a 
son of Frederick and Annie Stasse, natives 
of Switzerland, in which country his birth 
also occurred. He came to America in 
1850 and took ud his residence in New 
York city, where he became largely inter- 
ested in the sale and exchange of real es- 
tate, and also dealt largely in real estate in 
the city of Brooklyn. He liecame prom- 
inently known in both cities, and by his 
well managed business affairs accumulated 
a handsome comjietence, which enabled 
him to lav aside liusiness cares and retire 



to private life in 1870, at which time he re- 
moved to Orange. Politically he was for- 
merly a Democrat, but is now a stanch ad- 
vocate of Republican principles. His faith- 
ful wife died in 1875, at the age of thirty- 
seven years. She was an earnest Christian 
woman and held membership in the Ger- 
man Lutheran church. 

Mr. and ]Mrs. Frederick Stasse had nine 
children, two of whom died in early life, 
while the others are as follows: John W. ; 
Barbara, wife of Leonard Spahn, by whom 
she has two children; Sophia, wife of Au- 
gustus Helwig, by whom she has three chil- 
dren; Annie, wife of George Helwig, and 
the mother of five children; Mamie, wife of 
\\'alter Helwig. and the mother of five chil- 
dren; Henry, who is married and resides 
in Irvington, and has one child; and Her- 
man, who is also married, and resides in 
Philadelphia, and has one child. 

John W. Stasse acquired his early edu- 
cation in the schools of New York city, 
and remained under the parental roof until 
seventeen years of age, at which time he 
began to learn the hatter's trade in the fac- 
tory of ^^'hiting■ and Dorn, of Orange. 
After completing a regular term of ap- 
prenticeship he pursued the trade until 
1894, when he was appointed to his present 
position, as assistant electrician in the East 
Oranp-e fire department, by Mr. Thompson, 
president of the board. This is one of the 
most efficient fire departments in the state, 
and his own faithful and able service fully 
sustains this well merited reputation. He 
is a member of the Exempt Firemen's As- 
sociation of East Orange, and is now serv- 
ing as one of its trustees. Politically he is 
a Repul)lican, content to support the party 
without seeking returns in the way of 
official preferment. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



79 



Mr. Stasse was married January 7, 1872, 
to Miss Mary Youmans, a daughter of 
Charles and Catherine (Little) Youmans. 
They now have five children: Charles L., 
Frank; Edward and Edith, twins, and John 
W. The daughter is now a student in the 
East Orange high school. The parents are 
both members of the Sanford Street Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, of which Mr. Stasse 
has been trustee for twelve years. He takes 
great interest in its work, and does all in 
his power for its advancement and growth. 



JOHN CAMPBELL, JR., 

dealer in general hardware and house-fur- 
nishing goods at Nos. 149 and 151 Wash- 
ington avenue, Belleville, was born April 4, 
i860, in Belleville, his parents being John 
and Margaret (Wilson) Campbell. The 
father is a native of Staten Island, and the 
son of James Campbell, who was born in 
Scotland. John Campbell, Sr., first opened 
his eyes to the light of day March 16, 1834, 
and in his early youth learned the trade of 
wire-weaving according to the Fourdrinier 
process, and is still following that occupa- 
tion, being now associated with the Dewitt 
Wire Cloth Company, of Belleville. By 
his marriage to Margaret W'ilson he had 
five children: James, born August 2, 1857, 
married a daughter of William Bennett and 
resides in Belleville, where he is also en- 
gaged in wire-weaving; John is the second 
of the family; Jennie, born in October, 
1863, married Archie Allen, of Washing- 
ton, New Jersey, and they have one son, 
John; Elizabeth, born in October, 1866, is 
the wife of John Morgan, of Philadelphia, 
an engineer for the Heller Manufacturing 
Company, and they have the following 
children: Elizabeth, Mary, John, Howard 



and Margaret; and Catharine, born March 
6, 1869, married Myron Cadmus, of Bloom- 
field, New Jersey, and they have three chil- 
dren, — Myra, James and John. The mother 
of these children died in the autumn of 
1 87 1, and John Campbell, Sr., was again 
married in 1882, his second union being 
with Miss Ricarda Mawhis, of New York 
city. They now have four children, — Anna, 
\Mlliam, May and Gertrude. 

In his native village the subject of this 
review pursued his education in the com- 
mon schools, and in early life started out to 
make his own way in the world, following 
the trade which his father had learned in 
early manhood. He has been associated 
with the Dewitt Wire Cloth Company, of 
Belleville, for twenty-one years, and is now 
an enterprising and prosperous merchant 
of the city, conducting a large and well- 
equii^ped hardware store on Washington 
avenue, where he also carried a complete 
line of house-furnishing goods. Whatever 
success he has achieved in life is due en- 
tirely to his own efforts. He is indus- 
trious, energetic and not easily discour- 
aged, and pressing forward resolutely to 
the goal of prosperity he has gathered 
many of the rich fruits of successful man- 
agement and earnest labor. 

Mr. Campbell was married May 21, 1885, 
to ^lary E. \\'idmer, a daughter of Jacob 
^^'idmer, of Newark, who was one of the 
early German settlers of that city. He was 
one of the founders of the German hospital 
there, also of Green's German school. He 
was successful in his undertaking, and for 
over thirty-seven years was in business at 
the corner of Commerce and Mulberry 
streets, Newark. Mrs. Campbell was born 
in Newark, May i, i860, and by her mar- 
riage has five children : Alvin Allen, born 



8o 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



February 9, 1887; Ruth \\'idmer, born 
March 5, 1890; Leggett Charles, born June 
15, 1892; Eleanor Wilson, born March 18, 
1895; Mary Evelyn, born July 14. 1897. 

Mr. Campbell is a member of Boyden 
Council, No. 1356, Royal Arcanum, of 
Belleville. In politics he is an ardent Re- 
publican, deeply interested in the growth 
and success of his party and the triumph of 
its issues, but is not active in local politics. 
In the year 18S1 he was elected district 
clerk of Bellexillc township, and filled the 
office in a most creditable manner. On the 
1st of May. 1897, he was further honored 
Ijy receiving the appointment of justice of 
the peace of Belleville. He is at all times 
an honorable, energetic young business 
man, and is in thorough sympathy with all 
enterprises that tend to elex'ate humanity. 
In 189J, through the instrumentality of Dr. 
William J. K. Leggett, Ph. D., now of 
Nyack. New York, he espoused the Chris- 
tian faith and became a member of the 
Dutch Reformed church of Belleville. He 
has since been elected deacon and treasurer, 
and is also assistant Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. He is an ardent and zealous work- 
er in the church, and has also a high stand- 
ing in social as well as church circles. 



FREDERICK W. MASSMANN, 

a prominent florist of East Orange, was 
born in the province of Schleswig-Holstein, 
Germany, on the 3d of June, 1859, and is a 
son of \\'illiam and Sophia (Vogt) Mass- 
mann, both of whom are deceased. The 
great-grandfather on the father's side was 
originally from Denmark, and came to Ger- 
many at an early date, and there William 
Massmann was born, in the province of 
Schleswig-Holstein, on the ist of August, 



.1825. He was reared, educated and spent 
his entire life in Germany, wdiere he fol- 
lowed the occupation of painter and deco- 
rator until his death, in July, 1884. The 
maternal ancestors of our subject were of 
German stock, and Mrs. Massmann spent 
her entire life in the fatherland, dying there 
in 1864. To this worthy couple were born 
si.x children, of whom the following record 
is given : Frederick, who died in the Ger- 
man army at the age of twenty-four; Carl, 
who resides in Segeberg, province of 
Schleswig-Holstein, and conducts the busi- 
ness formerly carried on by his father; 
Frederick W.. our subject; Herman, who 
resides in Athens, near Nordenham. Gros- 
herzogsthum Oldenburg; Emma, who is 
the wife of Frederick Gosch and resides in 
Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein; antl Frieda, the 
wife of Frederick Dencker, a school-teach- 
er. William Massmann, the father, was an 
officer in the German army and served with 
distinction during the war of 1848, between 
Denmark and Schleswig-Holstein. 

Frederick W. Massmann was educated 
in the excellent public schools of his native 
land, after leaving which his great admira- 
tion for nature determined him to embark 
in the occupation of florist, and as such he 
was engaged in various parts of Germany, 
subsequently spending two years in France 
and two years in England, lea\ing London 
in 1886 to come to the United States. 
Upon his arri\-al in this country he located 
at Irvington, New York, where for two 
vears he was in charge of Jay Gould's fruit 
and orchid conservatories. In 1888 he 
made a journey to South America for the 
purpose of collecting orchids, subsequently 
making five other trips with the same ob- 
ject in view, and the orchids thus procured 
were brought north and sold in the New 







FREDERICK W. MASSMAH. 



THE 
NEW YORK 

; PUBLIC library! 



. hiXor, Lenox 3i\i Tilden 

Foundations. 

1901 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



8i 



York markets. During one of tliese trips 
Mr. Alassmann was fortunate in discover- 
ing a very rare specimen — the only one of 
its kind in the world, so far as is known — 
and this plant is now owned by Henry 
Graves, of Orange, who has refused the ex- 
traordinary sum of three thousand dollars 
for it! In 1892 ]\Ir. Massmann went to the 
Himalaya mountains, in India, for more va- 
rieties of this beautiful flower, and returned 
a year later with some very rare specimens. 
He then located in Newtown, now Elm- 
hurst. Long Island, and in connection with 
I. Forsterman, carried on an extensive flori- 
culture trade until November, 1893, when 
the partnership was dissolved and Mr. 
Massmann removed to East Orange and 
there established his present business. 

The marriage of our subject was consum- 
mated c:>n November 25, 1893, when he was 
united to Mrs. Lena Mau, widow of Freder- 
ick Mau, and to Mr. and Mrs. Massmann 
has been born one son, William Carl Henry. 
By her former marriage Mrs. Massmann 
had three children. Hettie, Margaret and 
Frieda. 

Socially. ]\Ir. Massmann is a Master 
Mason in L'nion Lodge, No. 11, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Orange: the New 
Jersey Horticultural Society; and the 
Schwaebischer Volksfest Verein, of Brook- 
lyn, New York. In his religious faith he is 
an attendant of the Central Presbyterian 
church, of Orange. 



BENJAMIN SOMMERS CROFUTT. 

for some years prominently connected with 
the manufacturing interests of Orange, was 
born in Newtown, Connecticut, April 13, 
1830, and is a son of Russell and Ann 
(Peck) Crofutt, the latter a daughter of 
Gideon Peck, a resident of the Nutmeg 



state. Russell Crofutt was a son of Samuel 
Crofutt, a resident of Stratford, Connecti- 
cut, who followed navigating on the Con- 
necticut rivers during a large pcjrtion of his 
lifetime. 

In his early manhood Russell Crofutt 
learned the hatters' trade at Newtown, Con- 
necticut, and made it his life work. His 
death occurred at that place, when he had 
arrived at the age of eighty-five years, and 
his remains were interred in the old family 
burying-ground at Newtown. Henever rode 
on a railroad train during his entire life! 
His brother Samuel took only one rail- 
way journey, and that was in his later man- 
hood. He started to visit his daughter in 
New ^"ork. and in a collision between two 
trains lost his life! In 1888 Martha Jane 
Crofutt, a sister of our subject, while walk- 
ing upon the railroad tracks of the Erie 
road (luring a blizzard in Orange, was run 
over by a locomotive, and a cousin of the 
family was also killed by a train in Milford, 
Connecticut ! The children of Russell Cro- 
futt, five in number, were as follows: Ben- 
jamin S.; Ann Jeanette, wife of Henry 
Smith, of Orange: Lydia Ann, wife of 
Norah Sherwood, of Reading, Connecticut; 
Susan E., wife of George O. Smith, of 
Orange, by whom she has three sons, — 
Henry R.. Charles and Wallace; and 
Martha Jane, mentioned above. 

Benjamin Sonmiers Crofutt acquired his 
education in Newtown, Connecticut, and in 
early manhood learned the hatters' trade, 
V hich he pursued in New England until 
1856. when he came to Orange and estab- 
lished a successful business here in the same 
line. He established the firm of Porter, 
Crofutt & Hodgkinson, and for a number 
of years did a good business in the line of 
manufacturing hats. 



82 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Mr. Crofutt was married in Newtown, 
Fairfield county, Connecticut, to Miss Car- 
oline Amelia Moorehouse, daughter of 
Georo-e and Dehlia (Johnson) Moorehouse. 
One son was born of this union, George 
Benjamin, October 20, 1864. Mrs. Cro- 
futt's maternal grandparents were Abraham 
and Sarah (Briscoe) Johnson, and her pa- 
ternal grandparents were Aaron and Urana 
(Starr) Moorehouse. of English ancestry. 
The early progenitors of the Moorehouse 
family made their first settlement in Ameri- 
ca at Wethersfield, Connecticut, in 1640. 
This was Thomas Moorehouse, and he was 
one of the original twenty-nine settlers who 
located there and purchased the ground 
from the New Haven colony that had pre- 
viously bought it from the Indians for one 
hundred bushels of corn. The descendants 
of Thomas Moorehouse are now found in 
Elizabeth, Paterson, Newark and other 
points in New Jersey. 



JACOB KIERSTEAD, 

for many years an honored citizen of 
Franklin, was born in Little Falls, Passaic 
county. New Jersey, November 6, 1833. 
and is a son of Major Isaac and Mary 
(Vreeland) Kierstead. His father was born 
May 24, 1795, served in the war of 1812 
ancl was mustered out with the rank of 
major. He lived to be more than four- 
score years of age, and reared a family of 
seven children. 

In his youth Jacob Kierstead removed 
to Brookdale, Essex county, and thence to 
Franklin. He learned the carpenter's trade, 
but did not long pursue that occupation. 
Later he engaged in the contracting and 
draying business, and for a long time did 
the haulincr for the Stitt & Underbill Manu- 



facturing Company, in Franklin, and later 
was connected in the same way with the 
firm of A. T. Stewart & Company until 
1875, when he established the coal yards at 
Franklin, on the Erie Railroad. He estab- 
lished a reputation for integrity that was 
indeed enviable. His charities were many 
and unostentatious; no one knew of them 
except the recipient, yet no one in need 
ever went to Jacob Kierstead who did not 
receive help, and many times it was done 
when it resulted in his own inconvenience. 

Mr. Kierstead was always active in the 
political development of the township. He 
was a member of the citizens' committee 
that visited Trenton to advocate the separa- 
tion from Belleville, and was a member of 
the first township committee. He served 
several years as assessor and was four times 
elected freeholder, which position he held 
at the time of his death, which occurred 
March ig, 1893. For ten years prior to 
his demise he was the recognized leader of 
the Republicans in Franklin, and during 
that period was continuously their repre- 
sentative in the county committee, serving 
during the greater part of the time as a 
member of the executive committee. He 
was fearless in defense of his principles, and 
open in his opposition to the Democracy. 

A local paper said of Mr. Kierstead : "As 
a neighbor and friend he was the best. He 
had a wider acquaintance than fell to the 
lot of most men, and he was a friend to 
every one. No matter how lowly was a 
man's position he had a good word for him, 
and was ready to encourage and aid him. 
In his death Franklin has lost her leading 
citizen, foremost in all that went to forward 
her prosperity. He was one of the organ- 
izers of and active workers in the Building 
& Loan Association, that great help to the 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



83 



advancement of the township. In all 
things looking to the development of 
Franklin he found his place. He was a 
charter member of Granite Council, O. U. 
F., of the Franklin Club, now the Nutley 
Athletic Club, and was one of the organ- 
izers of the Yauticaw Improvement As- 
sociation, and in all was active up to the 
time of his death. He will be missed in all 
our councils and meetings, and his place 
will be hard to fill. He left behind him 
the most enviable of qualities — an unsullied 
character and an untarnished name." 

Mr. Kierstead was married at Stone 
House Plains, in Bloomfield township, De- 
cember 24, 1855, to Eliza E. Post, a daugh- 
ter of Abram and Anna Post, both of whom 
were born in Bloomfield township, Essex 
county. Mr. and Mrs. Kierstead were the 
parents of three children, all sons, — Wilson 
G., Jesse R. and Charles H., — who since 
their father's death have continued the coal, 
wood and ice business, in the name of Jacob 
Kierstead's Sons. 



WILLIAM HEMMER, 

deceased, was long and prominently con- 
nected with the industrial interests of Es- 
sex county and established one of the larg- 
est office and library furniture manufactor- 
ies in this section of the state. He pos- 
sessed superior business ability, keen dis- 
cernment and sound judgment, and his 
well directed eft'orts brought to him a hand- 
some competence. He came to America 
with little capital and from a humble be- 
ginning worked his way steadily upward 
to success. 

He was born in the ortschaft of Neu- 
kirchen.an old village situated nearKaisers- 
lautern, in the Rhine-Pfaltz, of Bavaria, 
Germany, May 29, 1810. His parents were 



Johannis and Magdalena (Wildanger) 
Hemmer. The former, a blacksmith by 
trade, followed his chosen vocation in the 
ancient town of Neukirchen and was a 
skillful and ingenious mechanic, a thor- 
ough master of his trade. He was born at 
Frehner Hof, the ancestral home of his 
family, and died at the ripe old age of 
seventy-five years. His faithful wife sur- 
vived him about three years and was 
seventy-five years old at the time of her 
demise. Both were of the Roman Catholic 
faith. 

This worthy couple had fifteen children, 
of whom John Adam, Sebastian, Christian 
and William all came to America. Sebas- 
tian crossed the Atlantic about 1833, tak- 
ing passage on a French sailing vessel. He 
is known to have landed at New York and 
to have taken passage on the same vessel 
on her return trip to Europe, but after sail- 
ing from New York no news was ever re- 
ceived from him. His two brothers came 
to America soon after, landing in the me- 
tropolis, where they remained for a short 
time and then came to Newark, where they 
spent their remaining days. Both married 
and reared families. 

William Hemmer, whose name begins 
this article, was educated in the schools of 
his nati\'e town, according to the laws of 
his native land pursuing his studies be- 
tween the ages of six and fourteen years. 
He was then apprenticed to learn the cab- 
inet-maker's trade in Kaiserslautern, and 
during his four years' term became very 
proficient, acquiring an excellent knowl- 
edge of the business. He then started out 
in life on his own account and traveled 
through the southern states of Germany 
and the countries of southern Europe, vis- 
iting the principal cities of the continent, 



84 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



wherein he worked as a journeyman. Be- 
fore attaining his majority he returned to 
the place of his nativity and soon after was 
drafted into the military service, becoming 
a member of the Ninth Bavarian Infantry. 
After having served for three years he de- 
cided to hire a substitute to fill out his en- 
tire term of six years, in order that he might 
resume work at his trade, and accordingly 
he paid the sum of two hundred and fifty 
dollars for a substitute, to obtain his re- 
lease. 

In 1835 Mr. Hemmer was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Apollonia Schall, who was 
born in the village of Heiligenstein, situated 
in Rhenish Bavaria. July 4, 181 7, and was 
an only daughter of John and Magdalena 
Schall, who had six sons, all older than 
the daughter. Mr. Hemmer began his do- 
mestic life in Heiligenstein, about three 
miles distant from the celebrated city of 
Speier, on the Rhine, and there worked at 
his trade until 1842, when he remoyed his 
business to the old fortified city of Germer- 
sheim, where he conducted a successful en- 
terprise and became prominently known as 
a contractor and builder. He was exten- 
sively engaged in contract work for the gov- 
ernment, frequently employing fifty or more 
men. and in this way he became prom- 
inently associated in social. business and po- 
litical circles with some of the leading men 
of the kingdom located at Germersheim. 
During the political uprising throughout 
the central German states, which precipi- 
tated the revolution of 1848-9, he allied 
himself with the people who were striving 
to establish a more democratic form of gov- 
ernment and do away with some of the 
extravagances of the royal family who in 
this way had done much to deplete the pub- 
lic treasury. It was also the wish of the 



revolutionists to ultimately consolidate the 
German states under one head and one 
government, but the time seemed not yet 
ripe for this movement and history tells of 
the disastrous defeat which followed the 
war, causing great loss of life on both sides. 

Mr. Hemmer's support of the defeated 
army led to the loss of his position; many 
of his one-time frientls turned against him 
through the stress of party feeling, and 
rather than humble himself to ask for his 
position again and a renewal of the old 
friendship of his former associates, he de- 
cided to come to America. Accordingly, 
in November, 1849. he left his home and 
made his way to Antwerp, where he took 
passage on the barque Cotton Planter, 
which after a voyage of forty-seven days 
dropped anchor in the harbor of New York, 
January 13, 1850. WHien his old associates 
found that he had gone they expressed 
great regret, for all acknowledged his fidel- 
ity to the duties which had been entrusted 
to him and noted his very efficient ser- 
vices. 

On reaching this country Mr. Hemmer 
at once sought employment at his trade and 
his excellent workmanship enabled him to 
command high wages. Becoming con- 
vinced that the advantages here aft'orded 
were superior to those of the Old World, 
he sent for his family to join him, and his 
wife and five children accordingly sailed 
from Havre, France, on the ship La 
Duchesse d'Orleans, which crossed the At- 
lantic in thirty-two days, reaching New 
York November i. 1850. Mr. Hemmer 
settled with his family in that city and en- 
gaged in business on his own account at 
No. 375 Madison street, where he met with 
gratifying success until i860, when he re- 
moved to Newark. Here he purchased 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



85 



the land at Nos. 29 and 31 West Parker 
street, erected thereon a substantial plant, 
and began the manufacture of desks and 
office furniture. He made his own designs 
and styles and perfected a model for an 
office desk, which he later patented and 
manufactured exclusively for his own trade. 
In his new enterprise he met with the satis- 
factory results which always follow well 
directed and honorable efforts. 

Mr. Hennner's labors, however, were in- 
terrupted in 1861, for his spirit of patriot 
ism would not let him remain quietly at 
home when his adopted country was in the 
throes of civil war, and on the 25th of Au- 
gust, 1 86 1, he enlisted in Company C, First 
Regiment of New York Volunteer Engin- 
eers, under Colonel Edward \V. Serrell. He 
participated in the campaign until Novem- 
ber 23, 1863, when he was discharged at 
Folly Island by reason of physical disability. 
Returning then to Newark, and after he 
had regained his health, he resumed busi- 
ness and met with splendid success, his 
trade constantly increasing until it had 
assumed very extensive proportions. He 
continued to operate the factory on Parker 
street until October 7, 1870, when he re- 
moved to the site of the present commo- 
dious factory, now operated by his sons, on 
Bloomfield avenue and Morris canal. The 
first building erected consisted of the wing 
on the north side of the main building, and 
here he began to use steam power in the 
manufacture of liis wares. Year after year 
the volume of the business increased, and 
he was compelled to enlarge the plant in 
order to meet the growing demands of his 
trade. A handsome financial return 
crowned his efforts and he continued in 
active business until his death, which oc- 
curred January 17, 188 1. He was a skill- 



ful and ingenious mechanic, persevering 
and energetic in all his undertakings, just 
and conscientious in all his b^isiness tran- 
sactions. He won the respect and esteem 
of all with whom he came in contact and his 
loss was mourned throughout the com- 
munity. 

Mr. Hemmer was a very charitable and 
benevolent man and no worthy person was 
ever turnetl from his door empty-handed. 
He contributed liberally to church and 
charitable enterprises and was a devout 
member of St. Augustine's church, Roman 
Catholic. In politics he never swerved from 
the Democratic principles as laid down by 
Jefferson, and was always a stanch advo- 
cate of his party. His wife, who was also 
a communicant of St. Augustine's church, 
sur\-ived him a number of years and passed' 
away on the 31st of July, 1883. 

The following is the record of the chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Hemmer: 

Peter, the eldest child, born April 12, 
1837, died in early life. 

Frederick, whose sketch appears else- 
where. 

Peter Hemmer.the third child of WiUiam 
and Apollonia Hemmer, was born February 
ig, 1841, and married Magdalene Stroe- 
bert, a daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Ebert) Stroebert, who was born in New- 
ark November 16, 1844: and this union has 
been blessed with the following children ; 
John Peter (ist), born April 26, 1867, and 
died September 13, 1875; Magdalene (ist), 
born November 29, 1868, and died .Sep- 
tember 10, 1869; Magdalene (2d), bom 
September 16, 1870; Anna, born Novem- 
ber 15, 1872, and died in November, 1877; 
William, born December 21, 1874, and died 
in 1880: Peter J., born January 29, 1876, 
and died the same vear; Frank T-. born 



86 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



June 29, 1878; John Peter (2d), born Sep- 
tember 20. 1880; William H., born Aiay 9, 
1883; and Frederick A., born January 29, 
1885. 

The father of these children was one of 
the "boys in blue," having enlisted on Sep- 
tember 30, 1861. in Company C, First 
Regiment of New York Volunteer En- 
gineers, and was promoted to the rank of 
corporal for meritorious and faithful ser- 
vice, and he was honorably discharged at 
New York city, October 13, 1864. 

Alax Hemmer, the fourth of the family, 
usually known as Maurice, was born at 
Germersheim, Germany, August 11, 1843, 
and married Matilda Burgmeier, a daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Margaretta (Saxer) Burg- 
meier, by whom he has two children : Maxi- 
millian Joseph, born October 6, 1882; and 
Matilda Margaretta, March 18, 1885. The 
parents of Mrs. 'Max Hemmer were both 
natives of Germany, but were married in 
New York, where they resided for some 
time, but on account of ill health Mr. Burg- 
meier returned with his family to his na- 
tive land and died in the ortschaft of Og- 
gersheim, in Wurtemberg. His widow 
afterward married Peter Hemmer, by 
whom she had three children, namely : 
Frank, who died at the age of five years; 
Peter, who married Annie Schmeckenbeck- 
er and resides in Brooklyn, New York; and 
Elizabeth, who died in infancy. The chil- 
dren of her first marriage are Louis, who 
married Caroline Schalter and resides in 
Brooklyn, New York; Otto, who died at 
the age of twenty-three years; Sophia and 
Lena, who died in early childhood; and 
Mrs. Max Hemmer. 

August, the fifth child of William Hem- 
mer, was born December 23, 1845, and died 
November 18, 1851, in New York city. 



Anna Maria, the sixth, was born May 10, 
1848, at Germersheim, was married No- 
vember 25, 1867. to Joseph Abendschoen, 
and to them were born the following 
named : Joseph, who was born September 
5, 1868, and died July 8, 1874; Annie, who 
was born May 6, 1870, and is now Mrs. 
Aloise Kramer; Mary, who was born 
June 17, 1872, and died May 30, 
1874; William, who was born June 2, 1874, 
and married Rosa Haasenfutter; Julia, born 
June 6, 1876; Frank Joseph, born Septem- 
ber 23. 1880: Lawrence Edward, born Au- 
gust II, 1S84; Peter Paul, who was born 
January 24, 1889, and died September 10, 
1891; and Aloise Peter, born August 20, 

1895- 

]Maria Magdalena, the seventh member 
of the family, was born January i, 1852, in 
New York city, and died in September, 
1883. She became the wife of John Schu- 
macher, and had three children, — Magda- 
lena, Anna and Matilda. 

William, the eighth member of the Hem- 
mer family, was born February 3, 1855, in 
New York city, and was married in St. 
Peter's church. Roman Catholic, in 
Newark, June 19, 1883, to Elizabeth 
Nigel, who was born April 9, 1864, 
a daughter of George and Magdalena 
(Holdenried) Nigel. They have five 
children, namely : Louisa Elizabeth, born 
July 20, 1884; Magdalena Elizabeth, 
born April 8, 1886; William Peter, bom 
October 18, 1887; Amelia Apollonia, bom 
January 16, 1890; and Marie Theresa, born 
July 19, 1892. 

Frank, the youngest member of the 
Hemmer family, was born September 10, 
1857, in New York city, and was married in 
St. Mary's church of the Immaculate Con- 
ception in New York city. November 25, 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



87 



1884, to Miss Louisa Freese, wlio was born 
December 21, 1864, in New York city, and 
is a daughter of John and Catharina (Lan- 
zer) Freese. They have seven children, as 
follows: Catharina, born November 7, 1885; 
Frank William, born April 6, 1887; Louise 
Theresa, born July 31, 1888; Martha 
Frances, born August 12, 1890, and died 
on the 6th of November following; Blanche 
Barbara, born November 28, 1892; John 
Louis, born April 3, 1894; and Bertha 
Anna, born September 11, 1896. 

This family was represented in the civil 
war not alone by the father, for two sons, 
as well, "donned the blue" and went forth 
to the defense of their country. Peter en- 
listed September 30, 1861, in Company C, 
First Regiment of New York Volunteer 
Engineers, and was promoted to the rank of 
corporal for meritorious and faithful ser- 
vice. Maurice Hemmer enlisted at the 
same time as his father, — August 25, 1861, 
— becoming a drummer boy in the same 
company to which his brother belonged, 
and both served until October 13, 1864, 
when they were honorably discharged in 
New York city. Thev then returned home 
and entered their father's employ. 

Each of the sons had acquired a thor- 
ough knowledge of the business under the 
direction of their father, and on his death 
they succeeded to the ownership. They 
have a very large and splendidly equipped 
plant and theirs is one of the leading in- 
dustrial concerns in the city. In 1885 they 
were forced to increase their facilities in 
order to meet the demands of the trade, 
and their output of offiice and library furni- 
ture is very extensive, comprising all kinds 
from the simple in design and inexpensive 
to the most elaborate and beautiful. In 
1882 they invented and perfected an auto- 



matic combination lock, which they use ex- 
clusively on the desks which they manu- 
facture. The Hemmer brothers are all 
men of well known business powers and 
reliability, and the house sustains a 
reputation in trade circles that is in- 
deed enviable. Their policy with their 
patrons and with their employes is 
most honorable and commends them 
to the confidence and the business sup- 
port of all. The family name is honor- 
ably connected with the business and so- 
cial interests of Newark, and this work 
would be incomplete without the record of 
the family. 



JAMES GILLL^M OSBORNE, 

deceased, was born in Richmond, Virginia, 
and was a son of Charles F. Osborne, a 
representative of one of the old and hon- 
ored families of that state. In ante-bellum 
days, Mr. Osborne, Senior, brought his 
family to the north, locating in New York 
city, where he was prominent in the Church 
of the Holy Communion, and filled the 
ofiice of Senior Warden. 

James G. Osborne was educated at 
Columbia College, where he pursued the 
study of law, which he afterwards practiced 
for several years in New York city. He 
then abandoned the law, and turned his at- 
tention to the tobacco trade, which he car- 
ried on with most excellent success, secur- 
ing a custom which made the enterprise a 
very profitable one. 

Forty years ago he removed to South 
Orange, where" his father purchased the 
present home of the family, "Ashford." 
He afterwards made many improvements 
there, and transformed the place into one 
of the most beautiful residences in this sec- 



88 



I'JS>SfJ\ COUNTY. 



tion of the county, adorned in a most taste- 
ful way, while the furnishings of the house 
indicate a refined and cultured taste. 

Mr. Osborne married Miss Alice Clop- 
ton Terry, daughter of the Rev. Mr. Terry, 
also of an old and well-known \'irginia 
family. Two children were born to them, 
namely : Alice Harrison and Mary Gilliam. 

Mr. Osborne was an influential and gen- 
erous member in the church which his 
father founded in South Orange, also called 
the "Church of the Holy Communion," and 
served there as Junior Warden for many 
years. He was a member of several secret 
societies connected with the colleges, and 
was popular with all by reason of his kindly, 
sympathetic spirit, generous, frank nature 
and engaging manner. He died in 1889. 



DAVID AUSTEX RYERSOX, 

who for more than a cjuarter of a century 
has maintained a distinguished place at the 
bar of Xewark, is one of the most compe- 
tent and able lawyers in Essex county. 
Well versed in the science of jurisprudence, 
strong in argument, logical in his reason- 
ing, he prepares his cases with the utmost 
thoroughness and exactness and provides 
for every possible contingency. To his po- 
sition of eminence he has attained by earn- 
est efifort, for in the law more than in any 
other profession advancement depends 
upon individual merit. 

Mr. Ryerson was born in Pompton, Pas- 
saic county, Xew Jersey, a son of Peter M. 
and Mary A. Ryerson. He is of Huguenot 
descent, his ancestors coming from Holland 
at a very early date and locating in the vi- 
cinity of Xew York city, whence they re- 
moved to Xew Jersey in the early part of 
the eighteenth century. The subject of 



this review, having accjuired his prelimi- 
nary education in private schools, was grad- 
uatetl at Rutgers College in the class of 
1858, and then took up the study of law 
under the direction of John Whitehead, 
Est)., of Xewark. He was admitted to the 
Xew Jersey bar as an attorney, in June, 
1 86 1, and began active practice in Xewark, 
but his legal career was interrupted by his 
military service. 

Prompted by a spirit of patriotism to 
defend his country in her hour of trial, he 
enlisted in August, 1862, and raised Com- 
pany C of the Thirteenth Xew Jersey Vol- 
unteer Infantry, of which he was commis- 
sioned captain on the 25th of August. His 
regiment was attached to the Third Bri- 
gade. P'irst Di\ision, Twelfth Armv Corps, 
and subsequently to the Second Brigade, 
First Dix'ision, Twentieth Army Corps, and 
on the 5th of April, 1864, he was promoted 
to the rank of major. He was detailed as 
judge advocate of court martial of the First 
Di\'ision, Twentieth Army Corps, in Ten- 
nessee, and also as judge advocate of a 
military commission during the winter of 
18O3-4, and was brevettecl lieutenant-colo- 
nel and colonel, March 13, 1S65, for gal- 
lant and meritorious services during the 
war. He participated in a number of im- 
portant engagements, including the battle 
of South Mountain, Maryland, September 
14. and Antietam, same state, September 
17. i8()2; Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 
1-3. and GettysJjurg, Pennsylvania, on the 
2(1 and 3d of July, 1863, being wounded on 
the latter day; Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia, 
May 8-1 1 ; Resaca, Georgia, May 15; Cass- 
ville, Georgia, May 16; Dallas, Georgia, 
May 25; Pine Knob, Georgia, June 16; 
Kulp's Farm, Georgia, June 22; and Kene- 
saw mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864. On 






% 



V> 



f\ 






(! NEW YOf?K , 
|l PUBLIC LIBRARY 



AAstor.LenexandTfldsn /J 
foundations. 




ESSEX COUNTY. 



.89 



the 1 6th of July, 1864, he resigned and 
returned home. 

Mr. Ryerson resumed the practice of law 
in Newark and in 1871 was licensed to 
practice as a counselor. He served for 
several years as city attorney of Newark. 
His knowledge of the science of jurispru- 
dence is accurate and extensive, and his 
clientage is large and of a very important 
character. His strong mentality, his clear 
insight and his ready mastery of the intri- 
cate points of a case give him a strength 
before court or jury that is much to be de- 
sired. 

On the 27th of November, 1883, Mr. 
Ryerson was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary Mcllvaine Brown, a daughter of 
James and Eliza (Mcllvaine) Brown, of 
Philadelphia. His social qualities and ster- 
ling worth make him a popular citizen and 
he is highly esteemed by all classes. 



CORNELIUS SMITH, 

a prominent dealer in flour, feed and grain 
in Newark, was born at Mount Horeb, 
Somerset county, New Jersey, on the tst of 
March, 1844, and is a son of William and 
Harriet (Coddington) Smith, the former of 
whom was born in New Jersey, a descend- 
ant of Anglo-Saxon stock. His education 
was acquired in the district schools, and 
upon attaining his majority he chose farm- 
ing as his occupation, which he followed 
most of his life in Somerset county. He 
was a just and conscientious man, a good 
citizen, always taking an active part in 
local affairs, and he served in the various 
offices of his township. Politically he was 
at one time a Whig, but after the formation 
of the Republicaji party he became one of 
its most ardent supporters and still main- 



tains a deep interest in its welfare. He is 
living at the present writing ( 1898), having 
reached the venerable age of eighty-seven 
years. His wife, who was born in 1808, a 
daughter of John and Mary (Coon) Cod- 
dington, was a consistent Christian and a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. She was known to have been a 
most charitable woman, aiding the poor of 
her neighborhood on numerous occasions, 
and her death, which occurred on the 28th 
of March, 1887, was sincerely mourned by 
those who had enjoyed her generous hos- 
pitality as well as by a large number of 
friends. Mr. and Mrs. Smith were the par- 
ents of the following children : Catherine, 
who married Manning Titus and now re- 
sides in Jersey City: her husband (de- 
ceased) left four children, — Keziah, Joshua, 
Cassie and Manning, the latter of whom 
died in 1882; Mary L. is now deceased : she 
married Joshua G. Slocum, and they re- 
sided in Newark, and had two children, — 
Walter W. and De Witt T.; John C. mar- 
ried Miss Louisa French and they are liv- 
ing in Newark, and have one daughter, 
Laura; William, Jr.. married Miss ]\Iary 
Lawler and they are residing at Burlin- 
game, Kansas, where their children com- 
prise the following: Myra, Jennie, Fanny 
and Salis: Harriet became the wife of Sam- 
uel Edmunds and they live in Somerset 
county. New Jersey; Sarah Jane married 
Bergen Hufif, of Newark, their children be- 
ing William B., Hattie M., Dudley B., JuHa 
E. and Charles L. ; George W. married 
Miss Mary K. Schott, and they also live in 
Somerset county, with their four children, 
Frederick, George, Bertha and \Varren; 
Cornelius, our subject; Silas O., who mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Skinner, and resides in 
Newark, their children being Daisy, Nor- 



90 



E.^filEX COUNTY 



wood, Lester, Aver_v and Ethel; Albert C. 
married Miss Clara Moore, moved to Ches- 
ter, New Jersey, and has two children, 
Howard and Mabel. 

Cornelius Smith received a common- 
school education and remained under the 
parental roof until he was sixteen years old, 
when he engaged in farming and milling 
at Beciminster Mills, Somerset county. 
After the declaration of war young Smith, 
filled with a spirit of patriotism, enlisted in 
Company E, Thirtieth New Jersey Vol- 
unteer Infantry, under Captain C. T. Cox, 
and ser\'ed nine months, participating in the 
battles of Chancellorsville. Fredericksburg 
and others. After completing his term of 
enlistment he was discharged in Virginia 
and returned home, where he remained but 
a sliort time and then went west, locating in 
Illinois, where he engaged in farming. 
After a year thus employed he returned to 
Somerset county and embarked in the mer- 
cantile business for one year, was then em- 
ployed as bookkeeper, collector and sales- 
man for his brother, John C, in the grain 
and coiumission business, and remained in 
that capacity for a period of ten years, when 
he entered the flour, feed and grain trade 
on his own responsibility, his place being 
located on Plane street, Newark, New Jer- 
sey. In 1895 li^ established himself in the 
large and commodious warehouses on 
Fourteenth street, where he has since re- 
mained, and he has met with pronounced 
success in this line of enterprise. He is a 
self-made man in the strongest sense of the 
term, and may be classed among the pros- 
perous and enterprising business men of 
Newark. Sociallv he is a member of Lin- 
coln Post, No. II, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and of the North End Club. 

Mr. Smith was married at Newark, in 



1868, to Miss Mary A. Luke, a daughter of 
Charles Henry Luke. The mother of Mrs. 
Smith died while she (the former) was yet 
an infant. The following children have re- 
sulted from this union : Charles Harold, 
who is a graduate of Miller's (New Jersey) 
Business College: Ada Z., who is a gradu- 
ate of the Penington Seminary; Halsey El- 
wood, who is likewise a graduate of Miller's 
Business College. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are 
faithful adherents of the Halsey Street 
Methodist Episcopal church, which the 
children also attend. 



HENRY J. STRUCK, 

deceased, was a worthy and respected citi- 
zen of the Orange Valley, where he con- 
ducted a successful grocery business. He 
was a native of the old town of Burg, situ- 
ated on the island of Fehmarn and belong- 
ing to the province of Schleswig-Holstein, 
Germany, his birth occurring June 13, 
1847. His father, John Struck, lost his 
parents during his childhood. During his 
early manhood days he learned the tailor's 
trade, which he made his life work. He 
married Miss Gertrude Beyer, a daughter 
of Matthew and Gertrude Beyer, both na- 
tives of Schleswig-Holstein. Mr. and Mrs. 
Struck were worthy Christian people, hold- 
ing a membership with the Lutheran 
church. 

Henry J. Struck, whose name introduces 
this memoir, acquired a common-school 
education and remained in his native town 
until fifteen years of age, when he decided 
to come to America, believing that the op- 
portunities here were more favorable for 
rapid advancement in business life. Ac- 
cordingly he bade adieu to friends and 
fatherland and sailed for New York. He 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



91 



landed in tlie spring of 1863, and finding 
employment in the metropolis continued 
there until the following year, when he 
came to the Orange Valley. Here he was 
employed by his brother John for some 
time, and in 1866 he embarked in the 
grocery business on his own account on the 
Valley road. He possessed a strong deter- 
mination to succeed if success could be 
won by close application to business, hon- 
orable dealing and an earnest desire to 
please his patrons, and these proved the 
necessary cjualifications, for his trade grew 
and he was soon enabled to ourchase the 
property which he had hitherto rented and 
to make some excellent improvements 
thereon. His work was carried on with en- 
ergy. He carried excellent goods and a 
large increasing trade brought him a good 
income. In this way he continued until 
1884, when failing health caused his re- 
tirement, and he was compelled to travel. 
He went abroad and upon his return home 
traveled for some time in the west and 
south, hoping to be benefited thereby, but 
all to no avail; and on the 27th of Novem- 
ber, 1890, he passed away. He was a con- 
sistent Christian man, taking an active and 
commendable interest in church work, and 
was instrumental in the organization of the 
Hillside Presbyterian church, at Orange. 
He was charitable and benevolent, honor- 
able and trustworthv, and over the record 
of his life there falls no shadow of wrong. 
He left to his family not only a comfort- 
able competence, but also that priceless 
heritage of a good name. Socially he was 
connected with the Royal Arcanum and the 
Knights of Honor of Orange, and his breth- 
ren of the fraternities held him in the high- 
est regard, while all who knew him enter- 
tained for him unqualified respect. 



His home life was very pleasant. He was 
married February 26, 1870, to Miss Cecelia 
Moller, a daughter of John and Catherine 
Moller, and to them was born one son, 
August C. W., whose birth occurred Feb- 
ruary 7, 1 87 1. The mother died Febru- 
ary 21, 187 1, and Mr. Struck was again 
married, his second union being with Miss 
Henrietta W. Timme, by whom he had 
four children: J. Ernest, born July 21, 
1874: Henry J., December 27, 1875: Ce- 
celia G.. July 21, 1878; and George F., born 
August 13, 1880. The mother is still liv- 
ing at the family homestead in Orange Val- 
ley. She, too, is a consistent member of 
the Hillside Presbyterian church, and 
shared with her husljand in the good work 
of that organization. 

Henry J. Struck. Jr., who assists in the 
management of his father's estate, was 
born on the old homestead and was edu- 
cated in the district schools. He received 
his business training in his father's gro- 
cery store and has become a practical, pro- 
gressive young business man. In his po- 
litical views he is a Republican and is a 
popular and enterprising young citizen of 
Orange \'alley whose excellent qualities 
will undoubtedlv win success in the future. 



THE LIGHTHIPE FAMILY. 
The Lighthipes stand first in chronologi- 
cal order as builders of the Oranges, their 
connection with Orange beginning two 
vears after it was set off from Newark as 
a separate township. From that time to 
the present they have been constantly iden- 
tified with the growth and prosperity of the 
township, town and citv of Orange, in all 
of which Charles A. Lighthipe. the present 
representative, has borne a conspicuous 
part. 



92 



ESSEX rorxTY 



John Lighthipe, the ancestor of the 
family, came from Brunswick. Germany, 
about the beginning of the Revokuion and 
immediately joined the Continental army. 
serving faithfully until the close of the war. 
He then settled at Pompton Plains. Xew 
Jersey, and drew a pension until his death. 
He was a man of means and considerable 
influence in the community. He married 
ilary Duftv, whose parents were natives 
of Scotland. 

Charles Lighthipe. a son of the ancestor, 
was born at Pompton. New Jersey. He re- 
moved to Orange in 1808 and was one of 
the leading manufacturers of that period. 
He built what is still known as the Light- 
hipe homestead, on Main street, near Jeffer- 
son, and had his factory on the same prop- 
ertv. He was a man of strict integrity and 
honesty, and highly respected. He married 
Maria S. Condit. born April 25. 1789. 
daughter of Captain Moses and Hannah 
(Smith) Condit. His father was a private 
in the Revolutionary war and took part in 
the battle of Monmouth. He was also a 
captain of militia in the war of 1812. He 
was a ruling elder in the First Presbyterian 
church from 1805 until his death, in 1S3S. 
He was a brother of Dr. John Condit. a 
distinguished officer of the Revolution and 
for thirty years representative and senator 
in congress. 

Charles Alexander Lighthipe. youngest 
son of Charles and !Maria (Condit) Light- 
hipe. was born in Orange, at the homestead 
of his father, on !Main street, near Jefferson, 
October 11. 1824. and attended the little 
village school which was then located oppo- 
site St. ^Mark's church, and the old Orange 
Academy on Main street. He served his 
time at hat-making and afterward became 
the leading: manufacturer in the business 



under the firm name of C. A. Lighthipe & 
Company. He carried on a successful man- 
ufacturing business for nearly twenty years, 
and was known from one end of the coun- 
try to the other. He was one of the first 
to adopt the use of machinery which re- 
sulted in a large increase of his business. 
In 1865 he became interested in the hat- 
forming business, introducing the newly- 
invented hat-forming machine, which pro- 
duced a better grade of work, with much 
less labor. He sold out his hat business in 
1863 and became interested in the patent- 
forming business, preparing the material 
used by the hat manufacturers. He pur- 
chased a large factory property at Millburn, 
where he carried on the business success- 
full}- for many years, until the expiration 
of the patents, when, owing to the strong 
competition, it was no longer remunera- 
tive. 

^Ir. Lighthipe was one of the pioneers 
in the development of Orange and West 
Orange. He cut through and laid out Cen- 
tral avenue from Centre street to Valley 
road. He was associated with Mr. Everett 
in the opening of North Jeft'erson street, 
and was also instrumental in laying out 
Bell street and a part of Essex avenue. He 
and Mr. Everett opened Lincoln avenue 
from IMain street to Highland avenue, and 
named it in honor of President Lincoln. 
He owned, altogether, between seventy-five 
and one hundred acres. In connection with 
Mr. Haskell, he opened Park avenue from 
the Orange line to Valley road, in West 
Orange. He spent large sums of money 
in the improvement and development of 
this property. He also opened New Eng- 
land Terrace. Mr. Lighthipe was elected 
president of the Orange Bank on January 
8. 1862. as the successor of Dr. Babbit, and 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



93 



continued in that position for twenty-three 
years, resigning January 13, 1885. His 
administration of its afifairs was wise and 
judicious, and during this period the Ijank 
grew from a small country bank to one 
of the strongest financial institutions m 
the state of New Jersey. It was during Mr. 
Lighthipe's administration that the bank 
was changed from a state to a national 
bank. \Vhen he assumed charge of its af- 
fairs in 1862 the stock was below par; 
when he resigned the stock was worth 175, 
and paid 10 percent, per annum dividends. 
In 1864-5 he represented his native town 
in the state legislature. He was an active 
director of the Alorris & Essex Railroad 
Company until that roa<l was leased to the 
D. L. & W. R. R. Co. 

Every business enterprise with which 
Mr. Lighthipe has been connected has 
proved successful. For more than thirty 
years he has been a director in the Ameri- 
can Insurance Company, of Newark, one 
of the most successful insurance companies 
in the state of New Jersey. He has also 
been a director in the, Citizens' Gas Com- 
pany almost from the date of its organi- 
zation. In 1888 he assisted in organizing 
the United States Industrial Insurance 
Company, of Newark, of which he is vice- 
president and treasurer. This, the second 
life insurance comjianv in New Jersey, 
operated on the industrial plan, bids fair to 
rival its older competitors. jVIr. Lighthipe 
brought to bear a successful business ex- 
perience of nearlv half a century and has 
devoted all his energies to the development 
of this wise and beneficent plan of life in- 
surance which enables the industrial classes 
to participate in its benefits. He has been 
too much engrossed in business affairs to 
participate in the public affairs of his native 



township, but has worked faithfully in the 
interests of p^ood government and contrib- 
uted liberally to public improvements of 
every kind, being a man of broad and lib- 
eral ideas and of generous impulses. In 
religious matters his interests have been 
with St. Mark's church, Episcopal, of which 
he has been for many years a warden and 
of which his sainted mother was one of the 
earliest members. 

Mr. Lighthipe married Sarah, daughter 
of Caleb Smith, son of Samuel, son of 
David, son of James Smith, the ancestor, 
who married the daughter of Deacon 
Azariah Crane, the founder of Cranetown, 
now jNIontclair. The issue of this marriage 
is Charles Francis, Arthur Nichols, Her- 
bert. Ernest, Florence and Sarah M. 

Charles Francis, the eldest son, was born 
in Orange, May 25, 1853; graduated at 
Harvard College, in 1875; ''^'i*' '^^^^' '" '^'^^ 
office of Blake & Freeman, at Orange; at- 
tended Columbia College Law School; was 
admitted to the liar as an attorney in 1878, 
and as counselor in 1881; and is a prac- 
ticing lawyer in Orange. 



THE EAST ORANGE GAZETTE. 

When a town has reached that point 
where it can support a local paper, its subse- 
quent growth is already assured. This fact 
was fully appreciated by Stephen M. Long, 
the enterprising real-estate agent, when, in 
order to further his business operations, he 
started a real-estate paper. The first num- 
ber was issued May i, 1873, and was a 
very modest affair. It was an eight-page 
sheet, 14x20 inches, five columns to the 
page, and was called the East Orange Ga- 
zette, the name it still retains. The experi- 
ment proved successful, and Mr. Long 



94 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



found the people of East Orange were ready 
to support a weekly newspaper of their own, 
and be no longer dependent on the neigh- 
boring township journals for their news. 
Being a Republican in politics, Mr. Long 
decided to make it a Republican paper, 
and received sufficient assurances from the 
leading members of that party to justify 
him in this course; it thus became, and still 
continues as the organ of the Republican 
party. The paper was subsequently en- 
larged to 20 X 26 inches, four pages, eight 
colunuTs to the page. It was printed at first 
partly in New York and partly in Orange, 
and for some time at the Chronicle office in 
Orange. 

On May i, 1882, Mr. Charles Starr, the 
present proprietor, purchased the good 
will, etc., of the paper, there being no plant 
to dispose of. He at once enlarged it to 
its present size, and a year later put in a 
complete newspaper and jobbing plant. 
On January i, 1893, 1^^ moved into his 
present quarters on Main street, near the 
junction. He fitted up the office with the 
best and all the latest improvements in 
presses, etc., and everything necessary to 
carry on his business in enlarged quarters. 
The expectations of the present proprietor 
have been fully realized; the circulation, 
as well as the advertising, has steadily in- 
creased, and the Gazette is recognized, not 
simply as the organ of a political party, but 
as one of the best family papers in the state. 

Charles Starr, the editor of the Gazette, 
is a native of Cincinnati, Ohio, born April 
19, 1853. He is the son of Edear P. and 
Lucy M. (Jackson) Starr, of New York, 
and a direct descendant of Comfort Starr, 
of Boston, who had a son and grandson 
named Comfort. A descendant of these. 
General Comfort Starr, was a distinguished 



officer of the Connecticut line in the war 
of the Revolution. Most of the descend- 
ants of the first Comfort Starr resided in 
Connecticut. Charles Starr came east with 
his parents when he was nine years of age, 
and since then has been a resident of 
Orange. He received his education at the 
public and pri\ate schools of the city. He 
left school at the age of fifteen and spent 
four years at surveying, in the office of 
Mead & Taylor. He began his journalistic 
experience in the office of the Orange 
Chronicle, as reporter, bookkeeper and 
finally as local editor. He had an experi- 
ence of seven vears in this line of work, and 
when, in the spring of 1882, he decided to 
undertake the publication of the Gazette, 
he was well fitted and thoroughly equipped 
for such an undertaking. Although the 
paper is the recognized organ of the Re- 
publican partv, Mr. Starr has conducted it 
in such a manner as to win the confidence 
of. the people without regard to party dif- 
ferences. Upright, honest and fearless in 
the discharge of his duties to the public as 
a journalist, he never oversteps the bounds 
of propriety by personal attacks on the in- 
dividual, whatever may be the cause of 
grievance, but presents his facts in a clear, 
concise and forcible manner, leaving it for 
his readers to "hear and determine." He 
devotes his whole time to his journalistic 
labors, leaving others to manage the politi- 
cal afifairs of the township. As a man he is 
courteous, kind and agreeable, and equally 
accessible to rich or poor. 

He is interested in the various benevolent 
organizations of the Oranges, in some of 
which he has borne a conspicuous part. He 
is past regent of Longfellow Council, No. 
675, Royal Arcanum; past commander of 
Arlington Council, American Legion of 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



95 



Honor; past dictator of Garfield Lodge, 
Knights of Honor; past archon in East 
Orange Conclave, Improved Order of 
Heptasophs; a member of Hope Lodge, 
F. & A. M., of East Orange; of Plato 
Lodge. Knights of Pythias, and other fra- 
ternal organizations. 

Mr. Starr married, October 20. 1880, 
Minnie E. Smith, daughter of Caleb A. and 
Mary J. (Munn) Smith. She died December 
4, 1891, leaving one child, Charles Edgar. 
On September 10, 1896, Mr. Starr again 
married, his wife lieing lean Tamezen Slee, 
daughter of Matthew Henry and Miranda 
Caldecott Slee, of Auburn, New York. 



HENRY M. MATTHEWS. 

Of the builders and contractors in 
Orange, Mr. Matthews has a record of 
fortv-two vears' service in that line. Born 
on the 24th of November, 1833, at the old 
Matthews homestead, situated on the cor- 
ner of Scotland street and Central avenue, 
the subject of this review is the son of the 
late Albert and Mary Ann (Cary) Mat- 
thews. The father, also born on the old 
homestead, passed his life in (Jrange, ob- 
taining his education in the public schools 
of those days, and subsequently learned the 
shoemaker's trade, in connection with 
which he contracted for the manufacture of 
shoes for the southern trade, but later, on 
account of failing health, he was obliged to 
retire from that business and engaged in 
gardening. He was of quiet, unassuming 
habits, possessing the high regard of his 
fellow citizens, and spent the autumn of his 
life in comparative retirement. His death 
occurred in 1858, and his wife, who is in 
the ninety-second year of her age, is still 
living, with mental faculties unimpaired. 



They reared five children, as follows: Jos- 
eph, who was killed in defending the Union 
while assisting in storming Fort Hudson, 
on the Mississippi river; Henry M., our 
subject; Mary Emily, deceased; William 
Edgar, who was accidentally killed while as- 
sisting in erecting the Brick Church station 
of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western 
Railroad; Anzenette Laviina; and there 
were two who died in infancy. 

At the age of two and a half years Mr. 
Matthews was taken to visit his maternal 
grandfather, Clement Cary, at Succasunna 
Plains. ^lorris county, and became so at- 
tached to his grandparents that when his 
time expired he refused to return home and 
was consequently adopted by the old folks. 
He received his education in the district 
schools, finishing at the academy of Morris 
county, after which he went to Newark and 
there learned the carpenter's trade, which 
he has made his life vocation. L^pon com- 
pleting his apprenticeship, in 1855, he re- 
mo\ed to Orange, engaged in business, and 
for forty-two years he has been continu- 
ously engaged in building and contracting. 

Mr. Matthews has been twice married, 
his first wife being Miss Anna Amelia Perry, 
a daughter of ^latthias and Mary (Foster) 
Perry, who was bom in Orange, and of this 
union two children were born, namely : 
Mary Alice, now residing with her father; 
and Frederick Henry, a steamboat purser, 
who died on the i8th of last ]\Iarch. Mrs. 
Matthews died in 1864. and our subject 
contracted a second marriage in 1868, when 
he was united to Miss Damaris Halsey Fos- 
ter, daughter of Job and Parmelia (Perry) 
Foster, a cousin of his first wife, and to 
them were born three children : ]Myra 
Emilie, Clift'ord Minton and Donald M'cix- 
well. 



96 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



In his political views Mr. Matthews is a 
stanch Republican and has taken an active 
interest in national affairs, but has never 
sought nor desired office. He is one of the 
founders of the Orange Valley, or High- 
land Avenue. Congregational church, of 
which all the memliers of his family are ad- 
herents, and of which he has been a deacon. 
He has been closely identified with the 
church and its interests since its organiza- 
tion and is a liberal contributor to its sup- 
port. 



RICHARD A. and ANDREW M. 
FULCHER, 

hat manufacturers, at the corner of New 
and Hoyt streets. Newark, occupy a prom- 
inent position in industrial circles in the 
city. Hat manufacture is one of the lead- 
ing enterprises of Essex county, and it re- 
quires splendid executive ability, enterprise 
and sound judgment to win and maintain 
the enviable position which they occupy in 
the trade. 

These gentlemen are brothers, natives of 
London, England, the former born July 
27, 1832, the latter March 16, 1836. They 
are sons of Charles and Sarah (Butler) 
Fulcher. The former was of French de- 
scent and was a silk weaver by trade. Dur- 
ing his early manhood he engaged in the 
manufacture of silk goods, in which en- 
terprise he was very successful, doing a 
very profitable business and employing a 
large force of workmen. He died in the 
autumn of 1854, at the age of sixty-one 
years, his birth having occurred in 1793. 
He came to America in 1853 and took up 
his residence in Brooklyn, where he re- 
mained until called to the home beyond, 
his remains being interred in Greenwood 



cemetery. His faithful wife afterward re- 
turned to the land of her nativity, where 
she passed away in 1866, at the age of six- 
ty-nine years. Both held their religious 
membershi]i in the Episcopalian church. 



ARTHUR COLES DOUGHERTY, 

son of Alexander N. Dougherty, M. D., 
elsewhere mentioned, was born in Newark, 
New Jersey, December 10, 1858. He re- 
ceived a good preparatory education in the 
schools of Newark and spent one year in 
the College of New Jersey. His medical 
studies were pursued in the office and under 
the direction of his distinguished father. 
In 1882 he was graduated at the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons of New York, 
and liegan at once the practice of medicine 
in his native city. Dr. Dougherty w'as for 
a time surgical clinical assistant to St. 
Michael's Hospital, and is a member of the 
Essex District Aledical Society. 



THE BALDWIN FAMILY. 

The name Baldwin is said to be derived 
from the words "Bald." quick or speedy, 
and "win." an old word signifying victor or 
conqueror. — the true signification being 
"the speedy conqueror or victor." The 
Baldwins, earls of Flanders, were contem- 
porary with Alfred the Great, whose son 
Baldwin (2d) married the daughter of 
Robert of France, whose daughter Matilda 
married William the Conqueror. Baldwin, 
archbishop of Canterbury, with a train of 
two hundred horses and three hundred 
foot, his banner inscribed with the name of 
Thomas a Becket, went on a crusade with 
Richard Cceur de Lion, in 1120. 

Most of the Baldwins of the Oranges 



THE 
HIWYORK 
'■■•3L,C LIBRARY' 

.*stor, Lenox and Tildan // 
\ foundations. 
I9CJ 




^iLi^J^^.L^r4^ (X^ ^^^/^/Cc^' 




c::z^^^^^t£^a^, /W). C^li^Z:^ 




ESSEX COUNTY. 



97 



trace their ancestry, through Benjamin, to 
Joseph Baldwin, one of the first settlers in 
Milford. Connecticut, in 1639. This Joseph 
was probably the brother of Timothy and 
Nathaniel, sons of Richard Baldwin, of 
Cholesbury, county Bucks. England, whose 
will was proved in 1633. Joseph removed 
to Hadley, Massachusetts. His wife, Han- 
nah, joined the church June 23, 1644, and 
his children were then baptized. These 
were: Joseph, born- 1640: Benjamin, 1642; 
Hannah, 1644; Alary, 1645; Elizabeth, 
1646; Martha, i')47; and Jonathan, born 
1649. Joseph (ist) gave his property in 
Milford to his sons Benjamin, Jonathan and 
Joseph. 

Benjamin Baldwin (ist), second child of 
Joseph and Hannah Baldwin, was baptized 
in Hadley, Massachusetts, June 23, 1644, 
and was taken thence by his parents to Mil- 
ford. He married Hannah, daughter of 
Jonathan Sergeant, one of the Branford 
signers of the "Fundamental Agreement," 
at Newark, in 1666. Benjamin Baldwin's 
name does not appear on the list, but he evi- 
dently came with the other settlers, as his 
name is on the "Sure List of Every Man's 
estate," in 1667. His "home lott" in New- 
ark was bounded east by Washington 
street, west by High street, and extended 
above the present line of New street to the 
canal. The Town Records of Newark, Sep- 
tember, 1668. contain the following "Item. 
— the town hath granted to Seth Tomp- 
kins, Liberty to lay downe his Own Home 
Lott and take up that which was formerly 
Granted to Benjamin Baldwin." Whether 
Benjamin (ist) removed to South Orange 
is not definitelv known, but at a town meet- 
ing held March 19, 1673-74, "it is also 
agreed that Weavers Thomas Pierson and 
Benjamin Baldwin shall be considered by 

Ji-7 



the Surveyors to make their out lotts on 
the Hill shorter." 

At a town meeting, January 24, 1686-87, 
"it is agreed that Benjamin Baldwin's or 
Stephen Davis's half Bushel shall be the 
standard which shall be thought most suit- 
able, and all Measures shall be sealed with 
an N and all Weights shall be tried by brass 
Weights if they can be had." "Town Meet- 
ing. January ist, 1693-4. Item. — Benja- 
min Baldwin is chosen constable and he 
hath chosen Jonathan Baldwin, his son, for 
his deputy." 

The children of Benjamin and Hannah 
(Sergeant) Baldwin were Benjamin (2d), 
Jonathan. Sarah, and Joseph. Benjamin 
Baldwin (2d), eldest child of Benjamin (ist) 
and Hannah (Sergeant) Baldwin, was born 
in Newark (probably in that part now 
known as South Orange) about 1690. His 
children were David, born 1715; .Varon, 
about 1717; Sarah. 1720; and Benjamin 

(3':0. 1730- 

Aaron Baldwin, second child of Benja- 
min (2d), was born in South Orange, about 
1717. He owned and died in the stone 
house (still standing, 1896) situated on the 
northwest corner of South Orange avenue 
and Munn avenue, in South Orange. He 
was a member in communion of the Moun- 
tain Society prior to 1756. By his will, 
dated September 7, 1797, he devised to his 
son Elias "forty acres of my land on the 
westerly end by Elizabeth River. * * * 
To son Aaron, my house and all my land 
which I have not ?iven to Elias," etc. 
Aaron (2d), however, died intestate before 
his father, in 1805, and the father, Aaron. 
Sr., made a codicil to his will in which he 
devises to grandsons Nehemiah, Joel and 
Cyrus, and further provides that their 
mother — the widow of his son Aaron — 



98 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



sliould l)e entitled to the same right of dow- 
er ill the estate as she would have been had 
the property been vested in her husband 
and had he died intestate. The children of 
Aaron, Sr., were Zenas, liorn 1748; Aaron 
(2d), baptized February 5, 1758; Elias A.; 
Elizabeth, who married Richard Harrison; 
Eunice: Sarali, born 1766, and married 
Aaron Munn; Susannah: Tabitha. born 
1752, and married Aaron Crane: Hannah, 
born 1762, and married Deacon Joseph 
Pierson: and Phebe. 

Aaron Baldwin (2d), second child of 
Aaron (ist), was born in South Orange 
and baptized at the church in Orange, Feb- 
ruary 5, 1758: he died in 1805 at the home 
of his son Nehemiah. He served as a pri- 
vate in the war of the Revolution, as a 
member of Captain Squiers" company, Sec- 
ond Regiment, Essex; also Captain Craig's 
company, state troops. He married. May 
5, 1780, Sarah Baldwin, of Newark, born 
July 7, 1762, daughter of Joel Baldwin. 
Their children were : Mary, born 1780, and 
married Moses Munn; Nehemiah, Novem- 
ber 4, 1783: Samuel, 1786; Cyrus (ist), 
born 1788, died 1793; Joel, born 1790; Ira; 
Cyrus (2d), born 1795: Phebe, 1797: Lu- 
cetta, 1799: Sarah and Matilda L., twins, 
June 23, 1802. Both Aaron and his father 
died at, the house of Nehemiah. in South 
Orange. 

Neheiuiah Baldwin, second chiUl of 
Aaron and Sarah Baldwin, was born at the 
homestead in South Orange. November 4, 
1783. The fact that his father and grand- 
father died at his liouse shows that he sup- 
ported both of them in their old age. He 
married Rhoda Terrill, daughter of Amos 
Terrill, of South Orange. Their children 
were: Eliza, Aaron Ludlow, Aaron Riggs, 
Samuel A., born April 7, 1808, Amarantha, 



Phebe Louisa, Mary Elizabeth and 
George W. 

Samuel A. Baldwin, fourtli child of Ne- 
hemiah and Rhoda (Terrill) Baldwin, was 
born at the old Baldwin homestead, corner 
of South Orange a\'enue and Munn avenue, 
in South Orange, April 7, 1808. He mar- 
ried, first, September i, 1830, Letitia Davis 
Ward, daughter of Abraham K. Ward, and 
his daughter. Emma Whybrew, married 
Dr. Joseph A. Corwin. of Newark; Anna 
Adelaide, born 1834, died 1855: Frederick 
Wellington, born July 14, 1839: Rev. 
Theodore Ailing, born November i, 1843, 
married Matilda Jane, daughter of William 
E. Lay ton, went as a missionary to Turkey 
in 1867 and still resides there. Samuel A. 
Baldwin married, secondly, Mary Addis, 
daughter of Miles Addis, of Addisville, 
Pennsylvania. By this marriage he had 
Wilmer Addis, Mary Adelaide, Elizabeth 
and Jane DuBois. 

Wilmer Addis Baldwin, son of Samuel A. 
and Mary (Addis) Baldwin, was born in 
Newark, July 19, 1854, is a member of the 
firm of J. W. Goddard & Son, New York, 
and has resided in East Orange since 1891. 
He married Anna B.. daughter of John 
Smith Hartsliorne, of Newark, and has 
three children, viz. : Mabel Hartshorne, 
Anna Hartshorne and Elizabeth Carol. 

Benjamin Baldwin (3d), son of Benjamin 
Baldwin (2d), was born in South Orange in 
1730. In his will, dated September i, 1801, 
proved April 9, 1804, among other devises, 
gives "to eldest son Josiah, in addition to 
the farm he now lives on, all that ten-acre 
lot I bought of Benjamin Coe, adjoining on 
Gershom Killwrn. * * * To son Uzal 
all that farm he now lives on. * * * 
To son Jephtha all the farm I now live on, 
including the land I bought of jabez Pier- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



99 



son." The cliildren of Benjamin (3d) were 
Josiah, born 1755, died 182'), married Lydia 
Ogden; Jeptha. born 1778, killed by rail- 
road cars at Market street crossing, in New- 
ark, in 1852, married Catharine Bishop; 
Uzal, married Sarah Parrott; Rhoda, mar- 
ried John Myers; Phebe, married Isaac 
Condit; Mary, married, first. Joseph Cone, 
second, John Personette; Abbey, married 
Jonathan Condit; Ennice, married James 
Condit; and Zebula. 

The Uzal Baldwin farm became the prop- 
erty of East Orange township for use as 
the poor-farm. The Jeptha Baldwin farm 
became the property of his son Benjamin 
and was sold by him to the Montrose Park 
syndicate, and is now within the precincts 
of Montrose Park, since annexed to the vil- 
lage of South Orange. 

Josiah Baldwin, son of Benjamin (3d), 
[of Benjamin (2d), of Benjamin (ist), of 
Joseph], was born in 1755, married Lydia 
Ogden and had : Abram, who married 
Sarah Baldwin; Samuel, who married Mary 
Meeker; Rachael, who married Mr. Mun- 
son; Josiah O., born 1796, who married 
Ann Munn; Elizabeth, born 1782, who 
married Jonathan Lindsley; Sarah, who 
married Joel Harrison; Mary, who married 
Cyrus Baldwin; Abbey, who married Joel 
Baldwin; Harriet, born 1800; and James 
E. Smith, born 1798. 

Jeptha Baldwin, son of Benjamin (3d), 
[of Benjamin (2d), of Benjamin (ist). of 
Joseph], was born 1778, died 1852, married 
Catherine Bishop. They had as issue : 
Mary, who married Jabez Harrison; Clar- 
issa, who married Charles Ailing; Susan, 
born 181 1, who married Matthias Crane; 
Eliza, born 1810, who married Ira T. Free- 
man; Sarah, who married John Lindsley; 
Catherine B., born 1816, who married 



Robert P. Day; Amelia F., who was born 
1 81 7, and married Charles Williams; Mar- 
garet, who became the wife of Joseph 
Wilde; Emma A., who married Walter 
Tompkins; Virginia; George W.; Benja- 
min E., who married Rebecca Tompkins; 
and Aaron Bishop, who married Catharine 
Mason. 

L'zal Baldwin, son of Benjamin (3d), [of 
Benjamin (2d), of Benjamin (ist), of 
Joseph], married Sarah Parrott. They had 
as children Jeptha; William W., who mar- 
ried Phebe Lindsley; Matilda, who mar- 
ried Elias Ross; Uzal; Sarah, who mar- 
ried Daniel Camp; Josiah L., who married 
Antoinette Quimby; and Abby. 

Jonathan Baldwin, son of Joseph and 
Hannah Baldwin, was born February 15, 
1649. He married, first, Hannah Ward, 
born 1663, and died 1693; and secondly, 
Thankful Strong. He died December 13, 
1739. Children: John, born May 22, 1683; 
Joseph, baptized 1685, married a Miss 
Bruen, and died in 1777. 

John Baldwin, son of Jonathan Baldwin, 
was born May 22, 1683, and died January 

20, 1773, leaving a son named Ezekiel. 
This member of the family was born De- 
cember 19, 1 719, married Sarah, daughter 
of Benjamin Baldwin (2d), and had as issue 
Gabriel, born 1740, who married, first, Re- 
becca Little, and secondly Hannah Foster. 
His children were: Jeptha, born 1744, and 
married Phebe Freeman; Eunice, who was 
born 1745, and married Samuel Smith; 
Mary W., born 1752, married Isaac Munn; 
Rachael, born 1755, and married Zadoc 
Hedden; Caleb, born 1757; Benjamin, 
who married Isabella Albright. Caleb 
Baldwin, son of Ezekiel, was born October 

21, 1757, served in the war of the Revolu- 
tion, as private in Captain Abraham Lyon's 



lOO 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



company, Second Regiment of Essex. He 
had charge at one time of several British 
prisoners. He died in 1799, shortly before 
the birth of his youngest son, Caleb. He 
married Lydia Johnson, and had children, 
Eunice, who married Simeon Crane; Sarah, 
who married Henry Baldwin; Betsy, who 
married Louis Dodd; Catharine, who mar- 
ried Jabez Freeman; and David, Isaac and 
Caleb. 

Caleb Baldwin (2d), youngest son of 
Caleb and Lydia (Johnson) Baldwin, was 
born in Orange, November 28, 1799, after 
the death of his father. He is now (1895) 
one of the oldest persons in Essex county, 
in full possession of all his mental faculties 
and a man of remarkable vigor and strength 
for his age. He is able to walk four miles 
a day without fatigue. In his boyhood, he 
attended school in the old white school- 
house that stood on the site of the present 
brick church, his teacher being Nathaniel 
Bruen. After completing his studies he 
was apprenticed to his brother David at the 
trade of shoemaking. About 1827 he 
opened a shop of his own and carried on a 
successful trade for about five years and 
then started in the meat business. About 
1836 he opened a country store in Main 
street, in what is now East Orange, and be- 
came one of the first countrv merchants in 
this locality. In 1847 ^^r. Baldwin ob- 
tained a position in the ofifice of the Newark 
Daily Advertiser, which he held for twenty 
years and enjoyed the confidence of his em- 
ployers. He left the employ of the Adver- 
tiser to accept a position in the ofifice of 
the Newark Water Board and after twelve 
years of active service he retired, having 
reached his eightieth year. 

In his younger days, Mr. Baldwin served 
ten vears as a member of two different mili- 



tary companies of Orange, one of which 
was commanded by Captain Robinson. 
Many of the old Revolutionary soldiers 
were still living, and the military ardor of 
the young men was at its height. It was 
in 1824 when Mr. Baldwin had just reached 
his twenty-fifth year that one of the great- 
est events in the history of Essex county 
took place. This was the reception of La 
Fayette by the people of Newark, on his 
second visit to this country. All the mili- 
tary of the county turned out on that oc- 
casion, and Mr. Baldwin marched with his 
company from Orange to Newark and took 
part in the great celebrations, his company, 
among others, being reviewed by the Mar- 
quis de La Fayette and the governor of 
New Jersey. 

With the exception of his military career, 
Mr. Baldwin has led a very uneventful life. 
He has made the best of his opportunities. 
With "malice toward none and charity for 
all," he has endeavored to live up to the 
golden rule. Upright, honest and conscien- 
tious in all his dealings, he has always 
proved himself worthv of the trust and con- 
fidence reposed in him. and in his declining 
years he has a "conscience void of offense." 

Mr. Baldwin married, first, in 1825, 
Sarah, daughter of Betliuel Pierson, son 
of Samuel (3d), of Samuel (2d), of Samuel 
(ist), son of Thomas Pierson, one of the 
original Branfortl settlers of Newark, and 
brother of Rev. Abraham Pierson. The 
children of Caleb Baldwin by his first wife 
were: i. Mary, born July 28, 1826, who 
married Caleb Neagles. 2. Hiram Pier- 
son, born July 20, 1828, general passenger 
agent of the Central Railroad of New Jer- 
sey; married Caroline E. Schnyder, daugh- 
ter of Aaron Schnyder, of Easton, Pennsyl- 
vania. Their children are: Mary Gertrude: 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



lOI 



Maggie S., who married Henry M. Bylles- 
by; Emily Pierson, wlio married Isaac Post; 
Caroline Napier, who married Warrington 
G. Lawrence. 3. Oscar L., born March 29, 
1832, and married Isabel, daughter of 
Charles R. Akers. Issue: Charles R., 
Isabel, Joseph Halsey and Edith Merchant. 
4. William H., born December 25. 1834; 
resides in Newark; married Cornelia Price, 
of Newark, and has four children, viz. : 
Elizabeth, who married Frederick F. Guild; 
Oscar H.; Bertha, married F. Walter Law- 
rence; Raymond S. 

Caleb Baldwin married, secondly, Abby 
D., daughter of Lewis Munn, and their 
children were, Sarah C, who married James 
Clark; Theodore Frelinghuysen, who mar- 
ried Adele Laeis, daughter of Felix Laeis, 
of St. Louis, Missouri. 

Joseph Baldwin, son of Jonathan, was 
born November 29, 1685, married Miss 
Bruen and had, among other children, a son 
named Amos. The latter, known as "Dea- 
con Amos." was born about 1720, was a 
devout, earnest Christian, a man of consid- 
erable note in his day, was one of the earli- 
est deacons of the First church, and was 
one of the six elders who welcomed Rev. 
Jedediah Chapman to the pastorate, in 
1766. He married Mary, daughter of Rev. 
Daniel Taylor, the first pastor of the Moun- 
tain Society, in 1721, and had a son named 
Lewis. Lewis Baldwin, son of Amos and 
Mary (Taylor) Baldwin, was born in 
Orange, October 22, 1744. He married 
Martha, daughter of Samuel Williams and 
had a son, Henry, by name. Henry Bald- 
win, son of Lewis and Martha (Williams) 
Baldwin, was born in Orange, May 24, 
1773. married Sarah, daughter of Caleb 
Baldwin, and had a son named Cyrus. 
Cyrus Baldwin, son of Henry and Sarah 



Baldwin, was born in that part of East 
Orange known as Brick Church, in 1808. 
He had only the advantages of the little 
neighborhood district school, and yet he 
accomplished more than many collegiate 
graduates of the present age. He grew up 
on the farm and emoloved his leisure hours 
during the winter months, as did most of 
his neighbors, in the manufacture of shoes. 
He took up surveying without any previous 
instruction, and for many years before his 
death was the only surveyor in this locality 
outside of Newark. He was conscientious 
and painstaking, and his work could always 
be relied upon. He was employed by Mr. 
Haskell to make all the surveys for Llew- 
ellyn Park; during his lifetime he laid out 
hundreds of acres into city lots, and made 
the original survey of Rosedale cemetery, 
Orange. His work extended for miles be- 
yond the Oranges. He was for many years 
justice of the peace and the only recognized 
legal counselor in this neighborhood; drew 
up most of the wills, deeds and other legal 
documents, not one of which has ever been 
contested on the ground of legal imperfec- 
tions. He was a man of great natural 
ability and sound common sense, and ac- 
cordinglv was often called upon to arbitrate 
disputes between neighbors and seldom 
failed to arrange matters to the satisfaction 
of both parties. He enjoyed the confidence 
and respect of the people during his whole 
life, and not a single act of his ever brought 
dishonor or reproach on the name. By his 
wise and equitable decisions in the settle- 
ment of disputes, he doubtless saved thou- 
sands of dollars in litigation that might 
have ensued had the parties employed the 
usual methods. While not specially active 
in Christian work, he lived very near to the 
standard of the golden rule and set a wor- 



I02 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



thy example for Cliristians to follow. While 
a man of decided convictions, he never gave 
oitense by intruding his views on others, 
and ventured an opinion only when called 
upon to do so. He was a devoted husband, 
a kind neighbor and a steadfast friend. He 
died August 30. 1854. He married Eliza- 
beth Cooper, third child of Giles and Sally 
(Wicks) Alandeville. She was born July 
8, 1810. Their children were: Henry 
Wicks, born 1831. and died July 31. 1868; 
Giles Mandeville. born 1833. and died 
August 3. 1888; Albert and Abram }»lan- 
deville, twins, born July 5, 1835. 

Albert Baldwin, third child of Cyrus and 
Elizabeth (Mandeville) Baldwin, was born 
at the homestead, in East Orange. July 5. 
1835. He had none of the advantages of 
the higher education enjoyed by those of 
the present generation. He mastered the 
rudimentary branches, however, in the little 
village school, and fitted himself for the 
honorable position which he has filled for 
so many years. He entered the Orange 
Bank as a boy. when Stephen D. Day was 
its president and W. A. Vermilyea its 
cashier. He acquired a sufficient knowl- 
edge of the business in three or four years 
to enable him to obtain a position in the 
City Bank, of Newark, in 1856. as receiv- 
ing and paying teller. The only other em- 
ployees at that time were a bookkeeper, 
clerk and "runner." The capital stock of 
the bank was three hundred thousand dol- 
lars, and the deposits amounted to three 
hundred thousand dollars annually. Even 
with this amount of business it was a very 
responsible position for a youne man to 
fill. He inherited from his father, however, 
those strong traits and sterling qualities 
that would enable a man to succeed in any 
undertaking, and he proved himself fully 



equal to the duties he assumed, and for 
forty years he has conducted its aft'airs with 
rare fidelity and devotion that has won for 
him the warmest aft'ection and confidence 
of his associates. In 1858 he became its 
cashier, and now holds the dual position of 
cashier and vice-president. During his ad- 
ministration the deposits have increased 
from three hundred thousand annually to 
nearly two millions, the capital stock in- 
creased to half a million and the working 
force to three times the original number. 
There are probably few, if any. bank em- 
ployees in the city of Newark who can 
show so extended a record of faithful ser- 
vice. The staying and sterling qualities of 
the Baldwin family, however, are pro- 
verbial. 

The foundation of Mr. Baldwin's suc- 
cess was laid in his native town, but he has 
not resided there since early manhood. His 
winters have been spent in Newark and his 
summers at Covent Station, on the Dela- 
ware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad. 
He has had no time to attend to aft'airs out- 
side of the bank, its duties recjuirine his un- 
divided attention. He has been for many 
years a vestryman of Grace Episcopal 
church. Newark. ]\Ir. Baldwin married, in 
May, 1861, Jennet P.. daughter of Charles 
Hooker. M. D.. of New Haven. Connecti- 
cut, a descendant of Rev. Thomas Hooker, 
who came to New England in 1633, settled 
in Hartford in 1636 and founded the first 
church in Connecticut. Mr. Baldwin's wife 
died in 1883. leaving the following named 
children : Charles Hooker, Albert Henry, 
and Jennet Eliza. 

Abram Mandeville Baldwin, son of Cyrus 
and Elizabeth (Mandeville) Baldwin, and 
twin brother of Albert Baldwin, of Newark, 
was born at the homestead on Prospect 



E^^SIEX COUNTY. 



103 



street, near Main street, East Orange, July 
5, 1835. After leaving school he began his 
business career as clerk in the shoe manu- 
factont' of Joseph A. Condit. In 1859 he 
established a retail boot and shoe store and 
was the pioneer in the retail trade, the busi- 
ness having previously been done by coun- 
try stores which dealt in every class of 
goods. He soon established a reputation 
for first-class goods and honest dealings, 
and was enabled to carry a larger stock and 
greater variety than his "general-store" 
competitors. He erected a large frame 
building at 345 ]\Iain street. Orange, which 
was destroyed by fire in 1873. This was 
replaced by a fine brick building, where he 
has since carried on a successful and con- 
stantly increasing trade. During his busi- 
ness career of over thirty-five years, he has 
passed through the various money crises 
and has been able to meet ])romptlv all his 
obligations, and notwithstanding the fact 
that competitors have entered the field 
from time to time, he has kept well in ad- 
vance and held his patrons. Like his 
brother, he has devoted his time to his busi- 
ness and mingled but little in public affairs. 
He has been a regular attendant at the 
Brick church for many years, and has led 
an exemplary, upright life, honored and 
respected by his neighbors. 



GEN. GEORGE B. ]\lcCLELLAN. 

To one who had "achieved greatness" 
and "had honors thrust upon him," it 
w'ould be dif^cult to find a more modest, 
unassuming man than General George B. 
McClellan, who for twenty years or more 
was a resident of West Orange. During 
that time he mingled freely in all the social 
affairs of the Oranges, and every Sabbath 



he worshiped in the little St. Cloud Pres- 
byterian church, greeting in the most cor- 
dial manner the plain, simple people whom 
he met there. General McClellan came of 
the same Puritan stock that settled New- 
ark and Orange Mountain. His great- 
grandfather. General Samuel McClellan, 
was a native of Woodstock, Connecticut, 
and commanded the first company of cav- 
alry that joined the Continental army at 
Camljridge. He subsequently became gen- 
eral and served throughout the war. AVhen 
the currency of the Continentals had de- 
preciated and no funds were forthcoming 
with which to pay their soldiers. General 
(then Colonel) McClellan advanced one 
thousand pounds from his own private 
purse to pay the men of his regiment. 

The father of George B. McClellan, a 
well known and prominent physician, set- 
tled in Philadelphia, where George B. was 
born December 3, 1826. It was expected 
the son would follow in the footsteps of his 
father, but he chose a military career and 
was sent to West Point Military Academy, 
at which he was graduated in 1847. H^ 
served with distinction in the Mexican war 
anrl was afterward placed in command of a 
company of engineers at West Point. In 
1855 he was commissioned by Jefferson 
Davis, then secretary of war, to study the 
military operations in the Crimea. He 
afterward became chief engineer of the Il- 
linois Central Railroad, and on its comple- 
tion was made vice-president. At the break- 
ing out of the Civil war he was commis- 
sioned major-general by Governor Den- 
nison of Ohio, and placed in charge of the 
state troops. In May, 1861, he was com- 
missioned by the general government 
major-general of the regular army and 
placed in command of the Department o( 



I04 



EfiSEX COUNTY. 



the Oliio. He was later assigned to the 
invasion of West Virginia, where he 
achieved great success. After the Bull Run 
disaster, in July, 1861, he was placed in 
command at Washington with an army of 
52,000 men. He displayed great ability as 
an organizer and soon placed this immense 
army in splendid condition. He speedily 
attained a popularity seldom, if ever, 
equaled in the case of any other American 
general. Politics, however, played an im- 
portant part in the conduct of the war, and 
McClellan. not being in sympathy with the 
methods employed, was superseded in his 
command by other generals who were able 
to command political influence. 

In August, 1864, he was nominated by 
the Democratic national convention for 
president of the United States. He re- 
signed his commission as major-general. 
U. S. A., and accepted the nomination. 
The principles of the Democratic party at 
that time were not popular and McClellan 
was defeated. After this he spent some 
years abroad, and after his return he pur- 
chased a home for himself on Orange 
mountain, where he resided until his death. 
In 1887 he received the Democratic nom- 
ination for governor of New Jersey and was 
elected by a large majority. His adminis- 
tration was moderate and conser\'ative, giv- 
ing satisfaction to all. He was the first 
governor who made his official residence 
at the state capital. General McClellan 
was especially active in the affairs of the 
Presbyterian church. As a Christian he 
was humble, devout and earnest. He was 
one of the founders of the St. Cloud Pres- 
byterian church and one of its first elders. 
The tablet placed there to his memory 
shows the esteem in which he was held by 
the people. He was a member of the New 



. England Society, of Orange, and took fre- 
quent part in its proceedings. His kind- 
ness to animals was shown in his aft'ection- 
ate regard for his old war horse, Daniel 
Webster, which bore him through the sev- 
eral Virginia campaigns. The old horse 
died, and was burietl in a little grove on the 
mountain, and this spot is religiously cared 
for by the present owner, Mr. Chisolm. 
General McClellan died at his home on Or- 
ange mountain, October 29, 1885. His re- 
mains were interred at Riverside cemetery, 
Trenton, where, while governor, the de- 
ceased purchased a beautiful lot on a cliff 
overlooking the Delaware river. 

General McClellan married the daughter 
of General Marcy. His widow and two 
children — a son and daughter — -still survive 
him. The son has lieen prominent in New 
York politics for soiue years. 



ERNEST C. EVERTZ 

was born in the town of Solingen, in one 
of the Rhine provinces of Prussia, October 
2, 1854, a town noted for its extensive cut- 
lery manufactories. His parents were Peter 
Daniel and Alvena (Kouart) Evertz. The 
mother was a daughter of Henr}' and \Vil- 
helmina (Stracher) Kouart, both of whom 
belonged to old families of Germany. The 
grandfather of our subject served in one of 
the campaigns under Napoleon Bonaparte. 
With his wife and two daughters, Alvena 
and Amelia, he bade adieu to home and 
friends on the ist of December, 1859, and 
sailed from Bremen to America, but con- 
tracting a heavy cold he died on the third 
day of the voyage, and his remains, en- 
shrouded in a canvas, were lowered into 
the depths of the sea. The widow and her 
two daughters, together with their families. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



105 



all landed safely in Xew York, after a long 
and tedious voyage of fiftv-five days. All 
went to Newark, where they resided for a 
short time and then took up their resi- 
dence in the district which is now called 
Roseville. The second daughter. Amelia, 
was then a widow and had one child, Rosa- 
lie. The other daughter, Alvena, and her 
husband, Peter Daniel Evertz, had eight 
children. 

Mr. Evertz secured employment with 
Henry Sauerbeer, afterward working at his 
trade for some time in the employ of Jacob 
Wiss, the founder of the firm of Jacob Wiss 
& Sons, of Newark. His diligence and per- 
severance, after two years, enabled Mr. 
Evertz to begin business on his own ac- 
count in the manufacture of cutlery hard- 
ware, and in this he was \-ery successful, 
continuously conducting the enterprise un- 
til 1865, when, on account of failing health, 
he was forced to relinquish the ijusiness. 
Within the same year he purchased the 
homestead in East Orange, consisting of a 
fourteen-acre tract of land, to which he in- 
tended to retire with his family: but on the 
19th of February, 1866, at his home in 
Newark, he passed away, at the age of 
forty-one, his birth having occurred on the 
2d of February, 1825. His wife, who was 
born on the 17th of May, 1827, died Sep- 
tember 30, 1 88 1. 

This worthy couple had eleven children : 
Emma, wife of Alexander Kohler, of New- 
ark, by whom she has two children; 
Charles, who married Enmia Hass, by 
whom he has six children, and resides in 
Newark: Rosalie, who married Frederick 
Schmachtenburg, of Newark, and has four 
sons: Ida, who died at the age of eighteen 
years: Ernest C: Amelia, wife of Jacob 
Kocher, of Newark, and the mother of two 



daughters: Edward: Peter Daniel, who 
married Hattie Matthews and has four chil- 
dren : Matilda, who died at the age of four- 
teen years: Charlotte Wilhelmina, wife of 
\\'illiam J. Layden. by whom she has three 
children: and Bertha, who died in infancy. 

Ernest C. E\-ertz acquired his education 
in the schools of Newark and East Orange. 
and since the age of fifteen years has de- 
pended upon his own efforts for a liveli- 
hood, so that whate\-er success he has 
achie\'ed is due entirelv to his labors, his 
capable management and his resolute pur- 
pose. He ser\'ed a three-years apprenticc- 
shi]) to the florist's trade under Richard 
Purdue, and then began business on his 
own account, erecting commodious green- 
houses on the Evertz homestead in East 
Orange. In this enterprise he met with a 
fair degree of success, and in addition to 
his labors in that direction he managed the 
family estate until 1887, when the home- 
stead was sold to the East Orange Water 
Com])any. Mr. Evertz then leased the 
property from the water company and in 
addition to the nursery business is suc- 
cessfully engaged in the dairy business. 
He has a good patronage in both lines, and 
the industries yield to him a gratifying 
profit. 

On the 15th of April, 1885, Mr. Evertz 
was married in Newark to Miss Mary M. 
Weimer. who was born October 15, 1861, 
and is a daughter of George and Matilda 
(Weigman) Weimer. Four children grace 
this union: Meta M., born June 28. 1886: 
Irving E., November 25, 1889; Hazel May. 
May 3, 1893: and Ethel Mildred, Novem- 
ber 12, 1896. The parents hold member- 
ship in the Lutheran church of Newark, 
and Mr. Evertz is a valued member of Radi- 
ant Star Lodge, No. 190. I. O. O. F., 



io6 



Et^SEX COrXTY. 



of Newark; America Lodge, No. 143, 

Knights of Pythias, of Newark: and New- 
ark City Conclave of Heptasophs. No. 
247. In his poHtical connections he is a Re- 
pnbhcan. His honorable methods, his en- 
terprise and sound judgment have made 
him one of the successful business men of 
East Orange, and he is now the possessor 
of a comfortable competence as the result of 
his labors. 



EDWARD EVERTZ, 

a representative of the mercantile interests 
of Newark, was born on the 5th of August, 
1858, in Solingen, Prussia. Germany, and 
when three years of age was brought to 
America liv his parents, Peter Daniel and 
Alvena (Konart) Evertz. ]\Iore detailed 
data touching his ancestral history may be 
found in the sketch of Ernest C. Evertz, 
appearing on another page of this work. 
To the public schools of East Orange he 
is indebted for the educational privileges 
which he received. He remained at his 
parental home until eighteen years of age 
and then Ijegan to learn the butcher's trade, 
with Joseph Schmidt, of No. 324 Broad 
street, Newark. When his term of appren- 
ticeship had ended he bought out his em- 
ployer and carried on the business for a 
year. On the expiration of that period he 
entered the employ of Louis V^ Pfeifer, 
with whom he remained for five years, 
when, in 1887, he again embarked in busi- 
ness on his own account, at the corner of 
Ele\-enth and Warren streets. Newark. He 
met with excellent success, and in 1890 
purchased his present business property 
and has added to it a number of good im- 
provements. He here carries on a meat 
market and also deals in fruits and vege- 



tables. His honorable business methods, 
his efforts to please his customers and the 
excellent line of goods which he carries, 
ha\'e brought to him a very liberal patron- 
age, and his trade is constantly increasing. 
Mr. Evertz is a member of Trinity 
Lodge, No. 160. L O. O. F., in good stand- 
ing, and in his political convictions is a Re- 
pulilican, who stanchly advocates the prin- 
ciples of his party without demanding offi- 
cial honors for his services. He was mar- 
ried in Newark, December 29, 1881, his 
union being with Miss Sarah McGill, a 
daughter of William and Sarah McGill. 
They now have three children : Harry 
Alexander, born October 2^, 1882; Edna 
May, June 21, 1884; and Jesse, June 19, 
1890. The family attend the Methodist 
Episcopal church in Roseville. 



THE CANFIELD FAMILY. 

Matthew Canfield, the American ances- 
tor of this family, was one of the original 
settlers of the New Haven colony. His 
name is in the royal charter as petitioner 
and grantee in 1639. He swore allegiance 
in 1644. He married Sarah, daughter of 
Richard Treat, of \\'ethersfield, Connecti- 
cut, before 1643, ^"^ their children were 
Samuel, Sarah. Ebenezer, Matthew, Han- 
nah. Rachael, Jonathan, Mary. He was a 
representative at the general court in 1654, 
until the union of the Connecticut and New 
Haven colonies. He came with the colon- 
ists to Newark in 1666, and both Matthew 
and his son Ebenezer signed the two "Fun- 
damental Agreements." He was one of the 
committee chosen consisting of "Seven 
>ilen that should have full Power to hear, 
examine and judge of every Man's Estate 
and Persons, as their Rule, &c." He was 
also one of the commissioners chosen to 





OLM/^€iy2J>C 




The 

// NEW YORK 

,';PU3l.lc library!' 

V, Astor, Uncx ind niden ,/ 
'\x foundalions. 
1907 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



107 



"agree upon and fully issue the Divident 
Line and Bounds between Elizabeth Town 
and Newark." He died in Newark in 1673. 
His son Matthew had a son John, who pur- 
chased of C. Ball fifty acres near the moun- 
tain, in 1705. 

Ebenezer Canfield, eldest child of 
Alatthew and Sarah (Treat) Canfield, was 
born in 1649 and died in 1694. He married 
Bethia and had a son Joseph, who was born 
in Newark in 1681, and died December 14, 
1733, aged fifty-two years. He was known 
as "Deacon Joseph." He married Rachael 
Daglish, and their children were Benjamin, 
Abiel, Ebenezer, Bethya. Rachael. The 
Ebenezer here mentioned was born in 
Newark in 1712, died June 10, 1775. aged 
sixtv-three, antl was buried in the old 
churchyard at Orange. His wife Del^orah 
died December 9, 1791, aged seventy-five, 
and was likewise buried at Orange. Their 
children were Joseph, Sarah, Ebenezer and 
Deborah. 

Tradition says that red clover and timo- 
thy for hay and pasturage were introduced 
about the beginning of the present century 
by Ebenezer Canfield, who had the best 
farm at the mountain. It lay at the north 
side of Main street, beginning a little east 
of the old road to Watsessing (Bloomfield), 
now Prospect street, and was next on the 
east to Closes Jones' land, where the Cal- 
vary Methodist Episcopal church now 
stands in East Orange. The site of his 
large stone house was on Main street, op- 
posite the present Dutch Reformed church. 
He was a member in communion with the 
Mountain Society prior to 1756. 

Ebenezer Canfield (2d), son of Ebenezer 
and Deborah Canfield, was born at the 
homestead of his father on Main street, in 
East Orange, in 1761, and died September 



8, 1 83 1, in his seventieth year. He served 
in the war of the Revolution as private in 
Captain Josiah Pierson's company. Second 
Regiment. Essex state troops. He married 
Rhoda Baldwin and had children, Eliza- 
beth, Maria, Harriet, Eanny, Isaac, Ben- 
jamin, Ira, and Moses Baldwin. He was 
buried in the old Orange cemetery. His 
wife, Rhoda, died at Belleville, 22d March. 
1815. in her fifty-seventh year. Ebenezer 
signed himself "gentleman." Mr. Jotham 
Condit. of East Orange, states that he kept 
an hotel for a number of years in the old 
stone house erected by his father, and at 
that time was the owner of the lands in 
direct line extending northward from his 
homestead in East Orange through to 
Bloomfield. 

Closes Baldwin Canfield, third son of 
Ebenezer and Rhoda (Baldwin) Canfield, 
was born at the Canfield homestead, on 
Main street, C)range, July 28, 1806. He re- 
ceived a fair education and learned the 
trade of shoemaking, which was the pre- 
vailing industry of Orange during his life. 
He became master of this, and his amijition 
was to excel and to produce the best cjuality 
of work obtainable, using only the finest 
materials. He began the manufacture of 
the higher grades of boots and shoes early 
in the '30s, and built up a large and exten- 
sive trade. He began in a modest way at 
first, his factory being near his residence 
on Scotland street. He afterward owned 
and occupied the large brick building ad- 
joining the present library building, near 
the Eirst Presbyterian church, on Main 
street. He used this l)uilding as a manu- 
factory and had a store underneath, where 
he did an extensive, retail business. He sold 
his property on Scotland street and bought 
a valuable property nearly adjoining his fac- 



io8 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



tory on Main street. He carried on an ex- 
tensive business there for many years. His 
house and store were destroyed by fire, De- 
cemljer, 1850, and lie then mox'ed to the 
opposite side of the street. He also had a 
large factory in Newark. He carried on 
an extensive trade with the S(_uith before 
the war and made many warm friends 
among the southern people. His generous 
treatment of them in all his business deal- 
ings and the many nol)le qualities exhibited 
in his personal intercourse with them won 
for him their respect and admiration, and 
when the separation of the north and south 
became inevitable they took no advantage 
of the situation, but continued to remit 
promptlv until all intercourse was cut off, 
and even then tliev made frequent remit- 
tances through private sources. Air. Can- 
field did a large trade with the east and 
west during the war and obtained a repu- 
tation for the superior quality of his goods 
that found a ready demand in every market 
at higher prices than those of his com- 
petitors. 

In his private life Mr. Canfield was the 
soul of honor and integritv. He had a 
smile and a word of encouragement for 
every one. The children loved him, and 
when he met them on the street he had a 
kind word for all. Through his great gen- 
erosity and his desire to heln those who 
were in trouble, he often met with severe 
financial losses, but he ne\'er grieved over 
these: the satisfaction of having done a 
kind act and of having contributed to the 
happiness of his fellowmen amply repaid 
him for all his losses. He was a deacon 
in the First Presbyterian church in 185 1, 
and afterward an elder, serving under the 
Rev. James Hoyt as one of his warmest 
supporters and most faithful officials of the 



church. Mr. Canfield married Mary Ann 
Baldwin, daughter of Colonel Isaac Bald- 
win. His children were William Henry, 
Hiram Ouiiub)-, Ira. Mary Lucetta. Charles 
Baldwin, Jane Eliza, \\'iley. and Jessup. 

William Henry Canfield, eldest child of 
Moses B. and Mary Ann (Baldwin) Can- 
field, was liorn in Orange, April 12, 1829. 
After a due courseof preparation he entered 
Princeton College and was graduated with 
high honors. He also took a theological 
course at Princeton Seminary, intending 
to enter the ministry. He was a young 
man of great promise and bid fair to make 
his mark in the world. He was an eloquent 
speaker, a warm-hearted, sympathetic, 
Christian gentleman, and had alreadv made 
for himself hosts of friends, when he was 
suddenly cut off at the very threshold of his 
]>romised useful career. He attended the 
funeral of a classmate, where he took a 
severe cold which settled on his lungs, re- 
sulting in his death January 22, 1856. 
About one hundred feet from the entrance 
to Rosedale cemetery, in Orange, is a plain 
marble obelisk erected by his father, which 
contains the following inscription: "In 
memory of \\'illiam Henry Canfield. A. M., 
a graduate of the College of Xew Jersey. 
In the bloom of early manhood, rich in the 
love and esteem of an ever-widening circle 
of acquaintances and frien<ls. his mind in- 
vigorated and embellished by study and 
various learning: prosecuting the two-fold 
labors of a tutor in his alma mater and of a 
student in divinity, the past fragrant with 
pleasing memories of duties done, the 
future bright with hopes of serving God in 
proclaiming the gospel of His Son, he 
ceased to be mortal. Entering into rest on 
the morning of January 27,. 1855, at the 
age of 25 years, 9 months and 1 1 days." 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



109 



Ira Canfield, Jr., third son of Moses Bald- 
win and Mary Ann (Baldwin) Canfield, was 
born at the homestead of his father, in 
Orange, where he spent his boyhood days. 
He was sent early in life to the best private 
schools in Orange, among which were 
those of Rev. S. S. Stocking and Mr. Alonzo 
Brackett. He was prepared for college, but 
owing to failing health was unable to con- 
tinue his studies. He finally decided upon 
a business career and entered his father's 
employ, and subsequently acquired an in- 
terest in the business. He inherited many 
of the traits of character which contributed 
so largely to his father's success. Genial, 
courteous, obliging, full of push and en- 
ergy, he was almost without a rival as a 
salesman. He traveled west and south and 
always kept ahead of his competitors, and 
not unfrequently made sales beyond the 
capacity of his firm to supply. He bought 
out his father and carried on the manufac- 
tory at Newark for some years, where he 
did a most successful business. The old 
employees, who had been with his father 
for so many years, remained with him and 
were treated with the utmost kindness and 
consideration. They were influenced, how- 
ever, by the labor disturbances, and while 
he sought by everv means in his power to 
conciliate them by conceding every reason- 
able demand, they tried his patience beyond 
endurance until he finally closed out his 
stock and gave up the business about 1872. 
Later, he started in the grain business in 
New York city, under the firm name of 
Canfield, McCoun & Company. He was a 
member of the Produce Exchange, and for 
a time did a successful business, continu- 
ing for a number of years, when, owing to 
continued reduced rates of commission, he 
withdrew. 



He soon after organized a company of 
which he was president and treasurer, and 
began the publication of an illustrated paper 
known as "La Exposicion Norte Ameri- 
cana." He secured the best literary talent 
that could be found and spared no expense 
in procuring the finest illustrations of sub- 
jects of great interest to its South Ameri- 
can patrons. Portraits and biographical 
sketches of our military leaders, statesmen 
and other prominent men, views of historic 
interest, of our magnificent buildings, 
American scenery, arts, industries, manu- 
factories were selected with the greatest 
care and executed in the most artistic man- 
ner, thus imparting to the South American 
people a knowledge of our republic, its 
greatness and importance, that would re- 
c^uire years of residence here to obtain. 
Advertisements of leading manufacturers, 
business houses, with suitable illustrations, 
were inserted, the great object being to 
pa\e the way for an increase of trade with 
our sister republics of South America. It 
was a great undertaking and gave promise 
of ultimate success. It was well conceived 
and ably executed. It was followed up by 
Mr. Canfield with a personal visit by him 
and his partner to the leading cities of 
South America, and resulted in establish- 
ing a more friendly intercourse between 
these republics and the United States and 
an immense increase in trade. Agencies 
were opened in the principal cities of Chili, 
the Argentine Repul)lic and Brazil, for our 
American manufacturers, and direct busi- 
ness intercourse established between these 
people and our own manufacturers. Mr. 
Canfiekl left his partner there to manage 
the afi^airs at that end, while he returned 
to his New York quarters, where he could 
be placed in constant communication with 



no 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



such parties as desired to extend their trade 
in this flirection. His partner, in the mean- 
time, was engaged in building up and ex- 
tending their trade in South America, re- 
sulting" as it did in establishing a successful 
business. In all this affair, which has re- 
sulted in great pul;)lic as well as private 
benefit, Mr. Canfield has been the leading 
spirit. Notwithstanding the severe draw- 
backs occasioned by the frequent revolu- 
tions in the South American states, he has 
managed the affairs with discretion and 
safety. It is a noteworthy fact that the 
Canfields, through every generation, ha\-e 
preserved unsullied the reputation for hon- 
esty, integrity and uprightness which char- 
acterized their worthy ancestor. The sub- 
ject of this sketch, the latest representative 
of the old Orange family, is no exception, 
and the success achieved by him in life is 
due to his strict observance of the great 
moral princijiles so firmly engrafted on 
each and every generation of his family. 

Mr. Canfield married Fannie T. Backus, 
a niece and adopted daughter of Judge 
Franklin T. Backus, of Cleveland. O., a 
direct descendant of Lieutenant William 
Backus, one of the original proprietors of 
Saybrook, Connecticut, under the grant 
made to Lords Say and Seal and Lord 
Brook. 



THE BRUEN FAMILY. 

Obadiah Bruen was the ancestor of all 
the families of this name in east New Jer- 
sey. He was the second son of John Bruen, 
Esq., of Bruen, Stapleford, Cheshire, was 
a descendant of Robert Le Brun. of Staple- 
ford, A. D. 1230, and was baptized Decem- 
ber 25, 1606. He came into the Plymouth 
jurisdiction from England with his wife, 



Sarah. 1640, removed thence to Gloucester, 
was made freeman 1642, and selectman the 
following year, and represented the town 
at the general court. 1647-51. He removed 
to Pequot (New London. Connecticut), and 
was town clerk fifteen years; was a repre- 
sentative at the general court, and is named 
in the charter of Connecticut, 1662. He 
came to Newark with the Milford colon- 
ists, in 1666. and his name is second on the 
list of the sul.)scribers to the "Fundamental 
Agreement." His "home lott" and resi- 
dence was on Market street, not far from 
the present Pennsylvania Railroad depot. 
By his wife, Sarah, he had Hannah, born 
1643, who married John Baldwin, Sr. ; 
John, born 1(146: and Rebecca, widow of 
Thomas Post, of Norwich. 

John Bruen, only son of Obadiah and 
Sarah Bruen, was born in Gloucester, Mass- 
adiusetts, in 164^, and came with his father 
to Newark just before he reached his ma- 
jority. He married Esther, daughter of 
Deacon Richard Lawrence, one of the 
Branford settlers. He died before 1696. 
His children were: Eleazer, Joseph, John, 
and tradition says he had a daughter who 
married Joseph Baldwin. 

Joseph Bruen, second child of John and 
Esther (Lawrence) Bruen, was born in 
Newark, in 1669, and died February i, 
1753. He had as issue, David, Ruth, widow 
of Caleb Davis, and perhaps other children. 

David Bruen, son of Joseph Bruen, was 
born in Newark, about 1700. He removed 
to, and was one of the original settlers of, 
Chatham t(3wnship, Morris county. New 
Jersey. He married Phebe, daughter of 
Christopher Wood, and had as children, 
Joseph, Elias, Jabesh, Elizabeth and Phebe. 
He married, secondly, Phebe Crane, daugh- 
ter of Robert, son of Deacon Azariah 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



1 1 1 



Crane, and had Benjamin. Jonathan and 
Barnabas. 

Joseph Brnen. son of Da\"id and Phebe 
(\\'oo(l) Brnen, was J^orn in Chatham. 
Morris county, about 1730, married Matil- 
da Bonnell, and had Alexander, Benjamin 
and Ichabod, 

Benjamin Brnen, son of Joseph and Ma- 
tilda (Bonnell) Bruen, was born in Chat- 
ham, New Jersey, about 1765: he married 
Nancy Harris, and had as issue. Isaac Har- 
ris, Elias Runyan, Ashbel, Jacob, Phebe, 
Eliza Jane, and Caroline. 

Ashbel Bruen, third child of Benjamin 
and Nancy (Harris) Bruen, was born in 
Madison, Chatham township, New Jersey, 
in 1806, and died in 1853. He was a suc- 
cessful builder and contractor, and erected 
some of the finest dwellings, as well as pub- 
lic buildings and churches, in Madison and 
Morristown : was a man of considerable 
prominence and stood well with his neigh- 
bors. He married Mary Chandler, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Chandler, a descendant of 
John Chandler, who settled in Elizabeth- 
town before 1750. The children of Ashbel 
and Mary (Chandler) Bruen were, Benja- 
min, Jane. Elizabeth. Theodore W.. Caro- 
line Merritt, Frank and Adeline. 

Theodore Wood Bruen, son of Ashbel 
and Mary (Chandler) Bruen, was born in 
Madison, Chatham township, New Jersey, 
October 12, 1832. He was associated with 
his father in building until the breaking out 
of the civil war. He joined Company K. 
Seventh Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, 
and was mustered into service in Septem- 
ber. 1861. for three years, or the war. His 
regiment was attached to the Third Bri- 
gade. Hooker's division. His first engage- 
ment was at the siege of Yorktown, April 
and May, 1862. In the battle of Williams- 



burg, May 5. 1862, while his regiment was 
retreating and firing, he fell forward and 
struck his back on a fallen tree, sustaining 
a serious injurx- to his spine which renderetl 
him unfit for further service, and after re- 
maining in the hospital for some months he 
was discharged at Philadelphia, June 12, 
1863, lieing totally disabled on account of a 
lateral curvature of the spine. Some time 
after his return home he removed with his 
family to Elizabeth, and entered the em- 
ploy of the New Jersey Central Railroad 
Company. He was a mere wreck of his 
former self and he finally died, in 1879. of 
hemorrhage, the result of his injury in the 
army. Though a constant suft'erer he re- 
fused to apply for a pension, and it was not 
obtained until after his death. He married 
Caroline, daughter of Smith iNIaxwell Mil- 
ler, son of Smith Miller, born in Elizabeth, 
1765. a great-grandson of William Miller, 
one of the settlers of Elizabethtown, 1687. 
admitted an "associate," i^gg, and was one 
of the memorialists of 1700. The mother 
of Caroline M. Miller was Catharine Cod- 
dington, daughter of Benjamin Codding- 
ton, a captain of artillery in the war of the 
Revolution, who was long confined and 
nearly starved to death in the New York 
prisonhouse, living for a time on tallow 
candles. 

The children of Theodore Wood and 
Caroline (Miller) Bruen were, Frederick S., 
Edward Everett, Ella C. (who married 
Arthur C. Webl>), Katie J. (who married 
Joseph B. Roberts), and Theodore Ashbel, 
who is the youngest child. 

Edward Everett Bruen, son of Theodore 
Wood and Caroline Maxwell (Miller) 
Bruen. was born in Chatham. Morris coun- 
ty. New Jersey. June 26, 1859. He was 
taken by his parents to Elizabeth when he 



112 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



was but five years of age, and enjoyed the 
benefit of the exceUent pubHc-school sys- 
tem of that city. After completing his time 
at the machinist's trade he entered the cleri- 
cal department of the New Jersey Central 
Railroad Company, and was subsequently 
promoted to the general freight office. New 
York city, where he remained about two 
years, and then became private secretary 
to his father-in-law, Mr. Peebles, master 
mechanic of the Manhattan Elevated Rail- 
road. He continued in this capacity for 
four years, until May, 1855. Two years 
previous to this he had removed to East 
Orange, and in 1855 he started the first 
steam laundry ever attempted in the 
Oranges. This he left to the management 
of his brother while he began, in a small 
way at first, buying and selling real estate. 
He soon evinced a remarkable adaptatioi: 
for this business, and distanced many of 
his oldest competitors whose whole life had 
been spent in this line of business. He 
opened an office on Washington Place, 
near Brick Church station, and confined 
himself mainly to buying lots, building and 
selling. He has been one of the most suc- 
cessful real-estate ooerators in the Oranges. 
He has assisted others in building and has 
erected a number of first-class dwellings, 
averaging in cost from $5,000 to $150,000 
each, the result of which has been to draw 
a large number of first-class people to the 
Oranges, and has added upwards of half a 
million dollars to the wealth of the town- 
ship. He is a most indefatigable worker, 
and during the general depression of 1894- 
5 he continued his operations without in- 
terruption and succeeded where others 
failed. 

A man of keen foresight, good judgment, 
with a thorough knowledge of realtv values. 



he seldom errs in his calculations. His uni- 
form courtesy and agreeable manners have 
made him many friends, and when solicited 
to become a member of the township com- 
mittee in 1893 he accepted the nomination 
antl was elected by a handsome majority, 
and re-elected in 1895 for another term of 
two years. He has held the position of vice 
chairman and chairman of the finance 
committee, and still holds the latter posi- 
tion. A very important measure — that of 
tide-water sewerage — was introduced dur- 
ing his first term, and he gave to this his 
most earnest support as well as to all other 
measures of real improvement. He believes 
in an economical administration of the 
township government, but favors a liberal 
expenditure where the health of the com- 
munity is involved. He served the full 
period as private in Company A, Third 
Regiment, N. G. S .N. J. He has long been 
a member of the Masonic fraternity, having 
received his first knowledge of its mysteries 
in Corinthian Lodge, No. 488, of New 
York, in 1882, from which he dimitted to 
Union Lodge, No. 11, of Orange, and later 
to Hope Lodge, No. 124, of East Orange. 
October 16, 1881, Mr. Bruen married 
Jennie Aylesworth Peebles, daughter of 
Thomas W. Peebles, of Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, whose wife was Melissa 
Aylesworth. The children of Edward E. 
and Jennie Aylesworth (Peebles) Bruen 
are, Clarence, Edward, Edith May and 
Marion Anita. 



JABEZ FREEMAN, 

deceased, was a citizen whose worth made 
him greatlv valued in the community where 
he made his home. He was born in 
Orange. New Jersey, and was a represent- 




JABEZ FREEMAN^ 




I 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



113 



ative of the old Freeman family so long 
prominent in that locality. His parents 
were " Henry B. and Harriett Bryant 
(Waite) Freeman, and his paternal grand- 
father was Jabez Freeman. He attended 
the public schools of Orange, pursued his 
studies in Schenevus, near Troy, New York, 
where he took an academic course. While 
a young man he was employed as book- 
keeper in New York city, and later he be- 
came associated with the firm of Bucking- 
ham & Paulson, rope and twine manufact- 
urers of New York city, with whom he 
remained until his death, one of the most 
trusted and relialjle men connecteil with 
that house. He enjoyed the unlimited con- 
fidence of the firm and had the regard of 
all who were witli him in the house. He 
came to his present location in 1884, pur- 
chasing a tract of land in Franklin town- 
ship, near the village of Nutley, where he 
made a number of excellent improvements. 
He was one of the organizers of the Build- 
ing & Foan Association of Franklin town- 
ship and was serving as its vice-president at 
the time his life labors were ended. 

Air. Freeman was a loyal and interested 
citizen, who gave his support to all meas- 
ures for the public good and was active in 
promoting many enterprises that resulted 
to the advancement and improvement of 
the community. He was very charitable 
and though not a church member gave lib- 
erally to church and benevolent work. He 
had the warm regard of all with whom he 
came in contact, by reason of his honorable, 
upright life, his consideration for the rights 
of others, and his genial, social manner. He 
was a valued member of the Masonic order, 
holding a membership in Excelsior Lodge, 
of New York, and became a charter mem- 
ber of Nutley Lodge, A. F. & A. M. 

ii-8 



Mr. Freeman was married by Rev. G. W. 
Wenner, at No. 528 Fifth street. New York 
city, July 22, 1872, to Miss Mary Louise 
Healy, a daughter of Henry and Rose 
Healy. Her parents were both natives of 
the Emerald Isle, members of the Roman 
Catholic church, and her father was a baker 
by trade. They were the parents of three 
children, but two died in early life. Mrs. 
Freeman was left an orphan in early girl- 
hood and became the ward of her uncle, 
William Healy. She was educated in the 
public schools of Harlem and is a lady of 
culture -and refinement wdio enjoys the 
friendship of a large circle of acquaintances. 
Mr. and Mrs. Freeman had no children of 
their own. but reared an adopted son, Will- 
iam J. Allan, who went to live with them at 
the age of eighteen years. He was born 
February 18, 1866, in New York city and 
at an early age was left an orphan, was edu- 
cated in the common schools there and 
learned the carpenter's trade. He holds a 
membership in the Improved Order of Red 
Alen, No. 124, Chattahoochie Tribe, of 
Newark, and is also a member of the Frank- 
lin Republican Club. 



THE HEALD FAMILY. 

The name Heald is supposed to be of 
Danish origin, but is found in England 
through several generations. The coat ar- 
morial of one branch of the family, as given 
by Burke, is : Arms, quarterly gules and 
azure in the first and fourth quarters an 
eagle, with wings elevated or; in the second 
and third, a fret of the last, over all a fesse 
argent thereon, between two crosses pattee, 
a rose, of the first, barbed and seeded ppr. 
Crest, on a mount vert a bundle of arrows 
fesseways, the points toward the dexter. 



114 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



ppr. bound gules thereon an eagle, wings 
elevated, criminois, in the beak a sprig of 
oak, also ppr. ; the dexter claw resting on a 
cross pattee as in the arms. Motto, Mea 
gloria crux. 

John Heald, the American ancestor of 
the family, came from Berwick. England, 
and settled in Concord, Massachusetts, in 
1635; made freeman, 1641. His children 
were John (2d) and seven other children. 
John (ist) died May 24, 1662. John Heald 
(2d), son of John (ist), was born in Con- 
cord, married Sarah Dean and had four 
children, of whom John (3d) was the sec- 
ond. John Heald (3d), son of John (2d) 
and Sarah (Dean) Heald, was born Septem- 
ber 19, 1666, died November 25, 1721. He 
was commonly known as "Lieutenant 
John." He married Mary Chandler, daugh- 
ter of John Chandler, and had as issue, 
among other children, a son named Amos. 
Amos Heald, son of John (3d) and Mary 
(Chandler) Heald, was born in Concord, 
Massachusetts, in 1709. He married Eliza- 
beth Billings, daughter of Nathaniel Bill- 
ings, of Concord. He had as issue, Daniel 
and other children. 

Daniel Heald, son of Amos and Elizaljeth 
(Billings) Heald, was born in Concord, 
Massachusetts, July 14, 1739. He was a 
man of uprightness of character, but bold 
and fearless in the discharge of every 
known duty. In 1774, during the exciting 
events that preceded the war of the Revolu- 
tion, he was deputy sheriff of Concord, and 
in the discharge of his official duties he 
posted the notice of the adjournment of 
the court on the court-house door. On re- 
ceiving notice from the committee of safety, 
however, he promised "not to make return 
on said proclamation, nor in any way be 
aiding or assisting in bringing on the un- 



constitutional plan of government." He was 
looked upon with suspicion by his neigh- 
bors, but, as he said to them, "they would 
be treated simply as rebels, while any overt 
act on his part would be treason and he 
would suffer the penalty if caught." At the 
battle of Concord, however, while he de- 
clined to be enrolled, he shouldered his 
musket and fought side by side with the pa- 
triots, joining them^at "The Bridge." At 
the battle of Bunker Hill he served in 
Colonel Prescott's division. He was also at 
Ticonderoga in the summer of 1775, and 
throughout the entire war his sympathies 
were with the struggling patriots. He was 
a man much respected in the community 
and was long a deacon in the Congrega- 
tional church. Some time during the war 
he moved to Chester, Vermont, where he 
died September 17, 1833, aged ninety-four 
years. He married Abigail Wheeler and 
had, among other children, a son named 
Amos. 

Amos Heald, son of Daniel and Abigail 
(Wheeler) Heald, was born in Concord, 
Massachusetts. November 18, 1765. He 
heard the "clatter of arms" and the "roar of 
artillery" when but a little child, and at the 
age of nine years he witnessed the battle of 
Concord. Young as he was he was a true 
patriot and "lived in the days that tried 
men's souls," and would gladly have fought 
side by side with his worthy sire had he 
been able. He was but eleven years of age 
when his father moved to Chester. Ver- 
mont, and there the lad worked the farm, 
and after peace was declared obtained a 
little schooling in the old log school-house. 
He was a man of marked distinction in the 
community and held many positions of 
honor and trust. He was town clerk, jus- 
tice of the peace, judge of the county court, 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



115 



high sheriff of the county and represented 
his town in the state legislature; he was 
also for many years a deacon in the Con- 
gregational church. He married Lydia Ed- 
wards, daughter and third child of Captain 
Ebenezer Edwards, of Acton. Both Eben- 
ezer (then nineteen years of age) and his 
father, Nathaniel Edwards, were with the 
Acton company at the battle of Concord 
Bridge. Young Ebenezer was also at the 
battle of Bunker Hill and worked on the 
fortifications at Dorchester Heights. He 
was a carpenter by trade and did military 
duty at the same time. The issue of the 
marriage of Amos Heald and Lydia Ed- 
wards was Amos Edwards, Anna D., Pres- 
cott, Persis and Daniel Addison. 

Daniel Addison Heald, youngest child of 
Amos and Lydia (Edwards) Heald, was 
born at Chester, Vermont, May 4, 1818. 
He is one of the few living connecting links 
with the Revolutionary period, having 
heard from the lips of his father and grand- 
father the thrilling stories of the Revolu- 
tion, and he still has in his possession the 
sword carried by his grandfather as deputy 
sheriff of Concord. As a boy he attended 
the common school, and remained on the 
farm until he was sixteen years of age. He 
was then prepared for college at Kimberly 
Union Academy, Meriden, New Hamp- 
shire, and was graduated at Yale College in 
1 84 1. During his senior year he read law 
in the office of Judge Dugget, and after- 
ward with Judge Washburn, whose daugh- 
ter he married, and whose son, Peter T., 
afterward became governor of Vermont. 
Mr. Heald was admitted to the bar of his 
native state in May. 1843. Early in life 
he adopted as his motto: "The Temple of 
Honor has no room for those who throng 
her portals without forcing her gates and 



leaving traces of their stay within her 
walls." Mr. Heald continued the practice 
of his profession from 1846 to 1854, and for 
a portion of the time he was cashier of the 
bank at Black River. He took an active 
part in politics, being identified with the 
Whig party, and in 1850 was elected to the 
lower house of the legislature of V^ermont, 
and in 1854 represented his district in the 
state senate. In 1856 he practiced law for 
a short time in Galena, Illinois, during the 
residence of young Grant, later general and 
president of the United States. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar of Galena about the same 
time as Rawlins, who afterward became sec- 
retary of war. 

Soon after Mr. Heald began the practice 
of law in .his native town, he accepted the 
agency of the .Etna and other Hartford 
insurance companies, and during the thir- 
teen years that he remained in his native 
state, he acquired a marked reputation as 
a lawyer and underwriter. In 1856 the 
Home Insurance Company of New York 
invited him to become their general agent 
in that city. In April. 1868, after twelve 
years of faithful service as general agent, he 
was elected second vice-president; in April, 
1883, vice-president, and in 1888 he suc- 
ceeded Charles J. Martin (deceased) as 
president. When he entered the service of 
this company its capital was five hundred 
thousand dollars and its assets eight hun- 
dred and seventy-two thousand eight hun- 
dred and twenty-three dollars; in 1890 the 
capital had increased to three million dol- 
lars and the assets to nine million dollars. 
Mr. Heald has been prominent in the New 
York Board of Underwriters for many 
years, and the existence of the National 
Board of Fire Underwriters is due mainly 
to his eft'orts, having been established on 



ii6 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



account of the fierce competition for busi- 
ness and the extraordinary cutting of rates 
in 1866. In September, 1880, Mr. Heald 
delivered an address before the Fire Under- 
writers' Association of the Northwest on 
"Fire Underwriting as a Profession." set- 
ting forth the evils that had crept into the 
system, and the dangers that threatened 
the companies in consecjuence. His treat- 
ment of the subject evinced deep thought, 
and the thorough knowledge which can be 
acquired only by long experience. 

Another speech delivered in New York, 
July, 1886, on the occasion of the twentieth 
anniversary of the organization of the Na- 
tional Board, is said to be the most master- 
ful presentation of fire-insurance history 
and suggestions of which there is any rec- 
ord. His address before the same board at 
the twenty-fourth annual meeting. May 8, 
1890, contained a clear and comprehensive 
statement of the condition of fire insurance 
throughout the United States, illustrated 
by carefully prepared tables, showing the 
aggregate business done in the several 
states from i860 to i88q, and a comparison 
of the mode of business and results of 
American companies with those of foreign 
companies. As an insurance expert Mr. 
Heald has few rivals, his legal training hav- 
ing enabled him to meet and overcome diffi- 
culties that would otherwise have been in- 
surmountable. He is a rapid thinker and 
a careful, painstaking and very methodical 
worker. "His services to the profession of 
underwriting, gratuitously rendered," says 
an observing writer, "have justified the as- 
sertion that has been made, that no other 
fire underwriter of late years has done so 
much to uplift the profession or advance 
the real interests of fire insurance as he." 

Mr. Heald's connection with the 



Oranges, and more especially with Llewel- 
lyn Park, began in 1857, two years after 
Llewellyn S. Haskell conceived the idea of 
utilizing this beautiful tract of mountain- 
ous country as a park, and he has been 
identified with its growth and the various 
improvements that have been made almost 
from the beginning. He is the sole sur- 
vivor of the original projectors of this en- 
terprise: he has been secretary of the Board 
of Proprietors since 1858, and has been 
largely instrumental in carrying out Mr. 
Haskell's plan of keeping it as a park for 
private residences. Over four miles of 
macadamized roads have been made under 
his immediate supervision. Mr. Heald was 
one of the nine original members of the 
New England Society, of Orange, and has 
been one of the most active in promoting 
its objects. He was twice elected its presi- 
dent, the first time receiving a larger num- 
ber of votes than General George B. Mc- 
Clellan, who was running against him for 
the office. He was one of the original mem- 
bers of the Orange Valley Congregational 
church, and served six years as a member 
of the board of trustees. He has been iden- 
tified with the Orange Memorial Hospital 
since its organization; was for fifteen years 
president of the advisory board, and has 
been treasurer of the endowment fund since 
it was established. 

Mr. Heald married, in 1843, Sarah Eliza- 
beth Washburn, daughter of Judge Reuben 
Washburn and a sister of Governor Peter 
T. Washburn, of Vermont. This family is 
traced back in an unbroken line to Edward 
HI. Judge Washburn was a direct de- 
scendant of John Washburn, secretary of 
the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and was 
previously its secretary in England. Judge 
Reuben Washburn, the father of Mr. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



117 



Heald's wife, married Hannah Blaney 
Thatcher, daughter of Rev. Thomas Gush- 
ing Thatcher, who was the son of Rev. 
Peter Thatcher, of Brattle Street church. 
Boston, during the war of the Revolution. 
He was the son of Oxenbridge Thatcher, 
an inimigrant lawyer of Boston, and an in- 
timate friend of John Hancock, Samuel Ad- 
ams. Paul Revere and others; distin- 
guished as an orator of rare ability; men- 
tioned by Bancroft as the '"silver-tongued 
orator." Oxenbridge Thatcher was the 
son of Rev. Peter Thatcher, of Milton, who 
married Theodora Oxenbridge, a daugh- 
ter of Rev. John Oxenbridge, pastor of the 
First church in Boston, who came to Bos- 
ton from the north of England, about 1635. 
Rev. Peter Thatcher was the son of Rev. 
Thomas Thatcher, son of Rev. Peter 
Thatcher, rector of St. Edmund's church. 
Salisbury, England, who died in 1614. 
Five children were the issue of the marriage 
of Mr. Heald with Miss Washburn, one of 
whom died in infancy. Mary Eliza, mar- 
ried A. M. Burtis, of Orange; John Oxen- 
bridge; Charles Arthur, died at Yale Col- 
lege during his senior year, aged twenty- 
two; and Alice Washburn, who married 
Prof. George L. Manning, of Stevens Insti- 
tute. 



THE MEEKER FAMILY. 

The progenitor of the New Jersey branch 
of the Meeker family was William Meeker, 
who came from England about 1635 to the 
Massachusetts Bay, and thence removed to 
the New Haven colony, of which he was 
one of the founders. While residing there 
he married Sarah Preston, a native of York- 
shire. England. In the spring of 1665. 
with his family and others of the New 



Haven colony (whom tradition says he 
brought in his own sloop), he landed on the 
site that became known as Elizabethtown 
Point, New Jersey, and was enrolled with 
his eldest son. Joseph, with the original 
"Associates," who acquired title by pur- 
chase of the Indians, and also by grant from 
Governor Nichols, for the ground, a por- 
tion of which now comprises the entire 
county of Union. Following the subse- 
quent appointment of Sir Philip Carteret as 
successor to Governor Nichols, came (in 
the belief of the Associates) invasions of 
their purchase rights, which culminated in 
dissatisfaction and final revolt on their part, 
and the flight of Governor Carteret. Chosen 
by the Associates, and holding a commis- 
sion from Governor Carteret as constable 
of the town, William Meeker became an 
active adherent of Captain James Carteret, 
who succeeded the absent g-overnor. For 
this offense he was, in 1675, adjudged to 
lose his estate. The people of Elizabeth- 
town and Newark, appreciating his fidel- 
ity to their interests, presented him with a 
tract of land at Lyons Farms, where the 
old homestead of the family was erected 
by his son, and where he died in 1690. The 
children of William and Sarah (Preston) 
Meeker were: Joseph, Benjamin, Sarah, 
Mary and John. 

Benjamin Meeker, second child of Will- 
iam and Sarah (Preston) Meeker, was born 
in New Haven, March, 1649. He also was 
of the EHzabethtown Associates. He was 
a planter and carpenter by occupation, and 
built the house known as the Meeker home- 
stead at Lyons Farms, about 1677. This 
quaint old house, one of the oldest in the 
state, has never been alienated from the 
family. The successive generations, who 
have been its occupants, have adhered to 



ii8 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



the Englisli ratlier than the American prac- 
tice in cherishing "the old," even though 
homely. An enlargement, corresponding 
in style to the original structure, and the 
necessary repairs, have been made, but the 
main features have been preserved. Re- 
cently, however, the "old oaken bucket" 
and the still more antiquated well-sweep, 
after over two centuries of service, have 
given way to modern fixtures, and while it 
is not on record that the successive occu- 
pants dispensed with clocks, the ancient 
sun-dial not only indicates the meridian, 
but reminds the observer, in the words of 
David, engraven upon the stone to which 
it is afifixed. "Our days on earth are as a 
shadow, and there is none abiding." 
Benjamin had seven children : William, 
Benjamin, Jonathan, Daniel, Samuel, 
Thomas and Joseph. 

William Meeker, eldest child of Benja- 
min and Elizabeth Meeker, was born at the 
homestead of his father, October 13, 1677. 
He married Hannah Potter and had as is- 
sue, Jonathan, Isaac and David. He died 
March .5. 1744. 

Jonathan Meeker, eldest son of William 
and Haimah (Potter) Meeker, was born 
at the Meeker homestead, November 
18. 1712. After his marriage he built 
a house on a farm given him by his 
father, adjoining the homestead property. 
His children were Johanna. Jonathan. Oba- 
diah, Sarah and Rebecca. He died in 1781. 

Jonathan Meeker (2d), son of Jonathan 
and Sarah Meeker, was born at Lyons 
Farms. February 11. 1744. and died June 
10. 1805. He served with the Essex county 
militia in the war of the Revolution. He 
was twice married. By his first wife, nee 
Mary Ogden. he had three children, — Oba- 
diah. Hannah and Joel. He married, sec- 



ondly, Rachel Denman. Of this marriage 
were born, Jonathan, Rebecca, Denman, 
Elly, Polly, David, Moses and Rachel. 

Denman Meeker, third child of Jon- 
athan Meeker (2d) and Rachel (Den- 
man) Meeker, was born at Lyons 
Farms, June 10, 1781. In connection 
with his brother Jonathan, he estab- 
lished a potterv in Newark, his interest in 
which continued till 1814, at which time 
he removed to Succasunna Plains and es- 
tablished himself in the same business, 
which is still successfully run under the 
ownership of his son Josiah. He married 
Mary, daughter of John Maxwell, son of 
David. Thirteen children were born to 
them, of whom Josiah, Marcus and Edward 
are now living. 

Edward Meeker, youngest child of Den- 
man and Mary f Maxwell) Meeker, was 
born at Succasunna Plains, Morris county, 
New Jersey, September 27, 1830, and re- 
ceived such educational advantages as the 
place of his birth affordetl. After serving 
an apprenticeship to the carpenter trade, at 
Newark, he, in i8=;3. began contracting 
for the erection of buildings at Newark and 
Orange. In 1865 he removed his business 
entirely to East Orange, and availing him- 
self of the wider opportunities offering, (for 
the great development of the Oranges dates 
from about that time), he engaged actively 
in the purchase and improvement of real 
estate, in addition to his former busi- 
ness of contracting. Both at Newark and 
in the Oranges he has constructed many 
public buildings, churches and private resi- 
dences, which will compare favorably with 
those of any in the limits of the two 
]>laces. In 1891 he retired from active 
business and is now devoting himself to 
the care of his real-estate interests, which 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



119 



stilf continue to be large. In the pub- 
lic offices he has held that of township 
committeeman, school trustee, commission- 
er of appeals, etc. He endeavored to serve 
his constituents faithfully, on the basis of 
a wise economy in the expenditures of pub- 
lic moneys. 

In 1854 Mr. Meeker married Emma Car- 
oline, daughter of Nathaniel Douelas, of 
Hanover, New Jersey. The children of 
this marriage are: Henrietta M., now 
Mrs. M. P. Ward; Anne Maxwell; Edward 
C, who married Lorena, daughter of 
Stephen B. Colgate; Helen Douglas, and 
Arthur Denman. 



DAVID R. FRAZER. 

Fifteen years have passed since David 
Ruddach Frazer accepted the pastorate of 
the First Presbyterian church of Newark. 
A man of ripe scholarship and marked abil- 
ity, his life has been consecrated to the 
cause of the Master and to the uplifting of 
men; and there is particular propriety in 
here directing attention to his life history. 
He has devoted himself without ceasing to 
the interests of humanity and to the further- 
ance of all good works. His reputation is 
extended and unblemished, and his power 
and influence in his holy office have been 
exerted in a spirit of deepest human sym- 
pathy and tender solicitude. 

Mr. Frazer was born July 10, 1837, in 
Baltimore, Maryland, and is a son of Will- 
iam R. and Eliza J. (Armitage) Frazer, the 
former a merchant. On the paternal side 
he is of Scotch ancestry and on the mater- 
nal side is of English and Welsh descent. 
In 1853 he was graduated in the Central 
high school of Baltimore, Maryland, and 
on the completion of the regular course in 



the College of New Jersey, at Princeton, he 

was graduated in that far-famefl institu- 
tion, in 1861. The year of his graduation in 
the Union Theological Seminary of New 
York city was 1864. After leaving the pub- 
lic schools he was employed in a wholesale 
dry-goods house until entering upon his 
collegiate work. His first pastoral charge 
was in Clifton, Staten Island, where he oc- 
cupied the pulpit of the First Presbyterian 
church from 1865 until 1867. He then ac- 
cented a call from the First Presbyterian 
church at Hudson, New York, where he re- 
mained until 1872, when he removed to 
Buffalo, having charge of the First Pres- 
byterian church in that city for eight years. 
From 1880 until 1883 he was engaged in 
pastoral labors in the Classon Avenue Pres- 
byterian church of Brooklyn, and then 
came to Newark, where he has since la- 
bored among the people of the First Pres- 
byterian church. As a speaker he is force- 
ful and eloquent, and his every utterance 
rings with sincerity and honest conviction. 
A master of rhetoric, he is enabled to pre- 
sent his views in such a way as to enter- 
tain as well as instruct his hearers, and his 
earnest and impassioned words reveal the 
deep fervor with which he is imbued in pre- 
senting the divine truths, which are thus 
made to appeal more strongly to those 
whom he addresses. His mind, carefully 
disciplined, analytical and of broad ken, his 
deep perception and quick and lively sym- 
pathy, make him a power in his field of 
labor. In addition to his work in Newark 
he is a director in the Union Theological 
Seminary of New York, a trustee of Prince- 
ton University, and vice-president of the 
German Theological Seminary of Bloom- 
field, New Jersey. 

On the 2d of July, 1866, the Rev. Mr. 



I20 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Frazer was married, at Penn's Manor. 
Pennsylvania, to Miss Rose Thompson, of 
that place, and their children are Francis 
M., a practicing physician; Phoebe E., H. 
Thompson, Florence, and H. F. Spaulding. 



CHARLES A. FEICK. 

Charles A. Feick, Newark, was admitted 
as an attorney in November, 1881, and as 
a counselor in June, 1886. He is one of the 
leadinof German lawvers of Newark. 



GEORGE C. FREEMAN. 

If biography is the home aspect of his- 
tory, as Willmott has expressed it, it is en- 
tirely within the province of true history to 
commemorate and perpetuate the lives and 
character, the achievements and honor of 
the sons of the nation, whether it were 
theirs to walk in the full light of public dis- 
tinction, or in the quieter avenues play 
equally well their parts in life. If any stim- 
ulus is needed in this behalf it may be 
found in the caustic words of Burke, that 
"Those only deserve to be remembered 
who treasure up a history of their ances- 
tors." 

The Freeman family figures as one of the 
oldest and most honored in Orange Valley 
and traces the ancestral line through Ger- 
shom W., Cyrus and Abel to Samuel Free- 
man, who was probably the original pro- 
genitor in this section of the state. Cyrus 
Freeman, the grandfather of the immedi- 
ate subject of this review, served in the 
war of the Revolution, having been a young 
man at the time and having been detailed 
for detached duty. He eventually settled 
on a farm in Essex county, and from that 
time forward the representatives of the fam- 



ily have figured among the sturdy yeo- 
manry, upon which has ever rested the 
stable prosperity of the republic. Cyrus 
Freeman married a Miss \\ illiams, and 
they became the parents of seven children, 
of whom Gershom W'., the father of our 
subject, was the youngest son. He was 
born on the old homestead farm in 1792, 
and there he remaineil until lie had at- 
tained man's estate, when he was united 
in marriage to Miss Eliza N. Gildersleeve, 
a daughter of Ezra Gildersleeve, and they 
reared two sons. — Edward, who lived to 
the age of forty years, and George C, 
whose name initiates this review. When 
our subject was about fifteen months of 
age his mother died, and the father subse- 
quently consummated a second marriage, 
being united to Miss Eliza B. Crane. 
Their children were three in number, — Cy- 
rus G., who died in childhood; Eliza N., 
who became the wife of R. C. Campbell and 
who is now deceased; and Anna M., the 
wife of T. W. Tavlor. Mr. Freeman con- 
tinued to follow farming until his death, 
which occurred at the venerable age of 
eighty years. He was a man of sterling 
honor in all the relations of life. He was 
a member of the First Presbyterian church 
of Orange, and politically he was identified 
with the old-line Whig party. 

George C. Freeman was born on the old 
homestead and in the same house which he 
now occupies and which was built by his 
grandfather, Cyrus Freeman, the date of 
his nativity being August 15, 1825. The 
old farm was settled upon by Samuel Free- 
man early in the seventeenth century and 
has been in the possession of the family 
ever since, having descended in turn to 
Abel, Cyrus, Gershom W. and George C, 
the last named of whom is the immediate 




^,^^ cu .3^ 



tce^'n^^ 



E^^EX COUNTY 



121 



subject of this sketch. The present dwell- 
ing was erected about the year 1815. and 
is the third one to have been l>uilt upon 
the farm. On the ancestral farmstead 
George C. Freeman passed his youth, 
under the invigorating discipline thus im- 
plied, and he acquired his educational train- 
ing in the district school. He has followed 
the vocation dignified by the efforts of his 



county, and a daughter of JNIartin R. Van- 
duvne. Mr. and Mrs. Freeman became 
the parents of five children, of whom we 
offer firief record, as follows; Orvil E., 
Horace N., Cyrus G., William B. and 
Herman M. Orvil E. and Cyrus G. are 
the lea<ling greengrocers of Orange Val- 
ley, their establishment, widely known as 
the Freeman Brothers' Store, being located 




THE FREE.MAN 

ancestors, and has been continuously and 
successfully engaged in farming pursuits, 
bringing to bear that judgment and dis- 
crimination which ever render returns in 
success. 

In the year 1861 Mr. Freeman was 
united in marriage to Miss Sarah Frances 
Vanduyne, a native of Montville, Morris 



HOMESTEAD. 

on Freeman street. Herman is employed 
as a salesman in his brothers' store. Will- 
iam B. died at the age of twenty-eight 
years, and Horace is a clergyman of the 
United Presbyterian church, having a 
charge at McAlevys Fort, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Freeman is a man of strong men- 
tality and mature judgment, is known and 



122 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



honored as a public-spirited citizen, and is 
distinctively one of the representative men 
of the community in which his long and 
useful life has been passed. In his political 
allegiance ;\Ir. Freeman is stanchly arrayed 
in the support of the principles and policies 
advanced by the Republican party, and 
though he has never been an aspirant for 
public preferment, he has served most effi- 
ciently as one of the school trustees of 
West Orange, and ever maintains a lively 
interest in all that conserves the well-be- 
ing: of the communitv. 



ORVILLE E. FREEMAN, 

the eldest son of the gentleman whose 
sketch precedes this re\'iew, is one of the 
popular citizens and leading business men 
in Orange Valley. He was born on the old 
homestead, on the 17th of February, 1863, 
and his preliminary education was acquired 
in a private school taught by his aunt. Miss 
Lucy Van Duyne, after which he entered 
the high school of Orange, in which insti- 
tution he was graduated at the age of nine- 
teen years. In early life he became familiar 
with all the duties that fall to the lot of the 
agriculturist, and when not occupied with 
his studies he devoted the greater part of 
his time to farm work on the old home- 
stead. After his graduation he assumed 
the management of the farm for his father, 
and continued to successfully engage in its 
operation until 1889. when he resolved to 
engage in mercantile pursuits in Orange 
Valley. Accordingly, in connection with 
his brother, Cyrus G. Freeman, he estab- 
lished what has grown to be one of the 
largest and most popular stores in Essex 
county. The greater part of the vegeta- 
bles, of which thev carrv an extensive as- 



sortment, is the product of their own farm. 
They also conduct a meat market in con- 
nection with the other branches of the en- 
terprise, and in all departments of their bus- 
iness they are enjoying a very liberal 
patronage. The building which the firm 
of Freeman Brothers occupies was erected 
especiallv for their business and is a 
structure forty-live by fifty feet, located 
at Nos. 53 and 55 Freeman street, near 
the Highland avenue station. This mar- 
ket constitutes one of the leading busi- 
ness houses of the Oranges, and en- 
joys a large trade, which is constant- 
ly increasing. The senior member of the 
firm is also engaged in the livery business, 
as a partner in the firm of P. Vroom & 
Company, which is also a profitable enter- 
prise, with a large patronage. 

Orville E. Freeman married Miss S. 
Adelaide Sigler, a daughter of Charles and 
Margaret (Beam) Sigler. On the i6th of 
January. 1895, they became the parents of 
a little daughter. Elizabeth Frances, who is 
the joy of the household and the pet of the 
grandparents. ]\Ir. and Mrs. George C. 
Freeman, who reside with their son. 

Orville E. Freeman is deeply interested 
in the welfare of the community with which 
he is connected, and does all in his power 
to promote the educational, moral and ma- 
terial growth of the county. He is pro- 
gressive and public-spirited and withholds 
his co-operation from no movement calcu- 
lated for the public good. In 1894 he was 
elected a member of the board of education, 
and so ably did he discharge his duties that 
in 1896 he was re-elected for another term 
of three years. He holds a membership 
connection with Council No. 799, of the 
National Union, at Orange, and is also a 
valued member of the Patrons of Hus- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



123 



bandry. His public career and his private 
life are alike above reproach, and in 
matters of business his reputation is un- 
assailable, by reason of his close adherence 
to the ethics that govern an honorable, 
business life. 



CYRUS G. FREEMAN, 

the junior member of the firm of Freeman 
Brothers, is actively engaged in the man- 
agement of the enterprise which has now 
grown to extensive proportions. A por- 
tion of his time is devoted to the manage- 
ment of the farm and the cultivation of the 
vegetables which are sold in the store, and 
to the control of the milk business which is 
carried on in connection with the store. The 
milk is also a product of their farm and they 
use in their business about two hundred 
quarts daily. Their well kept gardens en- 
able them to supply to their patrons a fine 
grade of vegetables, always fresh, brought 
in directly from the farm. Their meats are 
alike noted for their excellent qualit}', and 
this, added to the firm's well known reliabil- 
ity, iias insured them a patronage which has 
returned to them a good income. Success 
does not depend altogether upon advan- 
tageous circumstances or the influence of 
the wealthy, but comes as the reward of 
earnest, persistent labor, guided by a well 
defined purpose and sound judgment; and 
such are the qualities which have given the 
Freeman Brothers prestige among the mer- 
chants in their line in Essex countv. 



THE HALSTED FAMILY. 

That a native of east New Jersey and a 
descendant of an adjoining town should be- 
come the first builder of the Oranges, is a 
cause for congratulation by the native pop- 
ulation. To the efforts of Matthias O. Hal- 



sted is due the wonderful growth of East 
Orange. He laid the foundation and gave 
it its first impetus. Little is known of the 
early history of the Halsted family. Jonas, 
Timothy and Joseph Halsted are found at 
Jamaica. Long Island, as early as 1656-57. 
Timothy Halsted was the ancestor of the 
New Jersey family of this name. 

Timothy Halsted, Jr., son of Timothy 
(1st), was taxed on seventy-eight acres of 
land at Hempstead, in 1685. He probably 
sold his land and removed to New Jersey 
the same year, as appears by the following 
affidavit : "The testimony of Timothy Hol- 
stead, of Hempstead, in Queens county 
(Long Island), wdio declareth yt ye pur- 
chasers of Aft'ter KuU (viz.) : Daniel Den- 
ton, John Baylus and Luke Watson, did ad- 
mit off myselft' and my brother alsoe, vpon 
ye disbursement oft' ft'our pounds a peece in 
bever pay to be Associates wt ym in ye pur- 
chase in case wee liked, which money we 
disbursed ffor Indean trade which sayd 
Indean goods went to ye purchase of ye 
sd land at Affter Kull, at ye request of ye 
aft'oresd purchasers, we desliking ye place 
vpon a run off" it. And they imaging we 
should be payd ft'or our goods and wee ac- 
knowledge yt wee Received satisfaction off 
Danl Denton aft'orsd, one of ye purchasers, 
the whole sum payd by selft' and brother, 
was ffour pounds a peece and two and six- 
pence. Sworn before vs ye 17th of No- 
vembr, 1685. Elias Doughty, Richard 
Cornwell, Justices in Quorem." Timothy 
Halsted, Jr., had a son, Caleb: the latter 
had a son Caleb, who also had a son, Caleb 
Halsted, born in 1741. The last Caleb mar- 
ried Rebecca Ogden, and had a son, 
Robert. 

Robert Halsted, M. D., son of Caleb (3d) 
and Rebecca (Ogden) Halsted, was born in 



124 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Elizabeth, New Jersey, September 13. 1746. 
He was a leading and fearless citizen in the 
gloomy days of the Revolntion. On one 
occasion a renegade Tory informed against 
him as a rebel and an ardent uoholder of 
rebellion, and he was temporarily lodged 
in the old Sugar House on Liberty street. 
New York, where he suffered great hard- 
ship; but was finally released, through the 
influence of friends. On another occasion 
he saved the life .of Colonel Aaron Ogden, 
who had been seriously wounded by the 
Hessians, while out alone on military 
reconnoissance. He was a physician of 
note. His younger brother. Caleb, was also 
an eminent physician. On July 25, 1825, 
the latter, while confined to his house by 
illness, received a visit from General La- 
fayette, and he had the pleasure of enter- 
taining that son of France. Caleb Halsted, 
Jr., was for a long time mayor of the bor- 
ough of Elizabeth. Robert Halsted, M. D., 
married, first, Mary Wiley; second, Mary 
Mills. He had children, of whom jMatthias 
Ogden was the fourth. 

Matthias Ogden Halsted. fourth son of 
Dr. Robert and Mary (Mills) Halsted. was 
born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, July 12, 
1792. He was graduated at Princeton 
College and studied law with Matthias Og- 
den, of Elizabeth Town. New Jersey. He 
settled at Belvidere, New Jersey, where he 
practiced law for some years and was sur- 
rogate of Warren county. He made many 
warm friends and was held in high estima- 
tion throughout that district of New Jer- 
sey. He subsequently relinquished the 
practice of law and entered, as partner, the 
mercantile house of Halsted, Haines & 
Company, New York city, which in his day 
was one of the largest and most successful 
dry-goods firms in the country. Among 



their customers was Amos W^ Cundit, of 
East Orange, who failed, owing the firm a 
large balance. He oft'ered his farm, — one 
hundred acres, — and the homestead front- 
ing on Main street in liquidation of the 
debt. Mr. Halsted assumed the debt on his 
own account and took the farm in payment. 
He removed to East Orange about 1838, 
and in 1840 built the large elegant mansion 
with Corinthian pillars now occupied by 
Mr. Hawkesworth, who married a grand- 
daughter of Mr. Halsted. The building at- 
tracted great attention at the time, as there 
was nothing like it in this part of New Jer- 
sey. The farm which he purchased was 
known as the Gruett farm. It lay between 
what is now Halsted street and Clinton ave- 
nue, with a frontage on Main street and 
extending in a southerly direction nearly 
to the South Orange line. He subsequent- 
ly bought thirty acres on Harrison street, 
adjoining his original purchase. All this 
he laid out into large building plots. He 
erected homes for his two daughters and 
built other houses, which he sold to his 
New York friends and induced them to 
settle here. When he began operations 
there was but one train each way on the 
D. L. & W. R. R. The morning train took 
him and the evening train let him off, both 
stopping near his residence for his indi- 
vidual accommodation. He soon provided 
better facilities. He erected a depot on the 
site of the present Brick Church station at 
his own expense, placed a man and wife in 
charge, and conveyed the property to the 
railroad company free of cost. He thus 
opened the way for the pioneer settlement 
and lived to see it well advanced, although 
he reaned but little pecuniary benefit from 
his large outlay. He was generous and lib- 
eral at all times. He gave freely to the 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



125 



Brick church, of wliich lie was a member. 
He was unostentatious in his charities and 
it afforded liim pleasure to help his fellow- 
men. He mingled freely with the people 
and took part in all their meetinp^s. He 
was an elder of the church and superintend- 
ent of the Sunday-school. He established 
a private school for voung ladies, erected 
a building on Washington Place and in- 
duced Rev. F. A. Adams, of Andover, 
Massachusetts, a celebrated teacher in his 
day, to come and take charge of it. 

During the war Mr. Halsted was thor- 
oughly loyal to the government and aided 
in the vigorous prosecution of the war by 
encouraging enlistments and arousine pub- 
lic sentiment. He lived to see the union of 
the states maintained and the government 
established on a firm basis. He died June 
12, 1866. Mr. Halsted was twice married. 
His first wife was Cornelia Wade, of Eliza- 
beth, New Jersey. By her he had three 
children, — Phebe, Marv. Enos. He mar- 
ried, secondly. Miss Hepzebah Clary, nee 
Eastman, a relative of Daniel Webster. 
Their children were Jttlius, Cornelia, Emily 
and \\'illiam. 



THE COLGATE FAAHLY. 

Counting the latest of those who have 
arrived at the age of manhood, there are 
only four generations of Colgates in this 
country, and yet there is no name more 
prominently identified with the religious 
history of the country, especially of the 
Baptist denomination, than this. Robert 
Colgate, the progenitor of the American 
family of this name, was descended from a 
line of ancestors who had been in Kent 
county, England, for one hundred years. 
He was in strong sympathy with the de- 



mocracv of France and his name headed a 
list of several persons who were to be ar- 
rested by the government. He was a warm 
friend and an old schoolmate of William 
Pitt, the "Great Commoner," and through 
the latter's efforts he was enabled to es- 
cape. Pitt sent a private messenger from 
London to warn him of his peril and ad- 
vised him to emigrate to a country whose 
politics were more congenial to his own, 
and Pitt assured him that he would delay 
arrest upon his pledge to leave the king- 
dom within two weeks. The messenger 
bore back the promise to London thjit in 
two weeks the liberty-loving citizen would 
embark, and in ^Nlarch, 179=;, he took his 
departure for "the land of the free and the 
home of the brave." He purchased a farm 
for his large family, where they lived several 
years. 

His son William, born in the parish of 
Hollingbourne. county of Kent, January 
25, 1783, came with his parents to this 
country when he was twelve years of age. 
He founded the house of Colgate & Com- 
pany, which is now the oldest and one 
of the largest concerns in this country 
manufacturing soaps and perfumes. He 
was for many years connected with the 
Oliver Street Baptist church. New York, 
and was afterward prominent in the organ- 
ization and building up of the Baptist Tab- 
ernacle, in Alulberry street. He inaugur- 
ated the movement which led to the organ- 
ization of the first Baptist societv in New 
York, known as the Young Men's Bible 
Societv, of New York, the object of which 
was to translate the Bible or assist in caus- 
ing it to be translated into other languages. 
In 1816, when the American Bible Society 
was formed, Mr. Colgate became a director, 
and up to the last hours of his life he de- 



126 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



voted his best thouglits and energies to the 
work of ministerial eihication, especially at 
Hamilton University. Its first appeal met 
from him a ready response. He secured 
collections from his own and other churches 
of the metropolis. His increasing contribu- 
tions led to increasing interest in his annual 
visits to Hamilton to share the responsi- 
bility of the board of administration. He 
was married in 1811, to Mary Gilbert, a 
lady of English descent. Miss Gilbert pos- 
sessed rare endowments of mind and heart 
and a superior education. They raised a 
large family, of whom Samuel and James B. 
have both been conspicuous in furthering 
the interests of the Baptist church and in 
promoting the cause of education. 

Samuel Colgate, son of \\'illiam and 
Marv (Gilbert) Colgate, was born on John 
street. New York city, March 22, 1822, en- 
joyed the best educational advantages af- 
forded bv the private schools of the city, 
and succeeded to the business established 
by his father, which, through his efforts, has 
largely increased. Mr. Colgate began his 
religious work in the Oliver Street Baptist 
church, and was associated with his father 
in this and other religious work. He 
came to Orange in 1857 and the fol- 
lowing year purchased nine acres on Cen- 
ter, near Harrison street, and subse- 
quently twenty acres additional, it being 
a part of the Zenas Baldwin farm. He 
built there his first residence. Soon 
after he came to Orange ]\Ir. Colgate, with 
a few others, began the organization of a 
Baptist society, and in connection there- 
with a Sunday-school, of which he was 
made superintendent, and as soon as the 
church was publicly recognized he was 
elected one of its deacons. He has held 
both positions uninterruptedly for a period 



of nearly forty years. Mr. Colgate has been 
identified with various Baptist organiza- 
tions for more than fifty years. Most of 
this time he has been a member of the board 
of managers of the Baptist Missionary 
Union. He was for twenty-five years a 
member of the finance committee of the 
American Tract Society, and has been a 
member of the Baptist Home Mission So- 
ciety, of which he was three years president. 
He was one of the founders of the Society 
for the Suppression of Vice, and as presi- 
dent has been active in promoting its ob- 
jects. As a member of the New York Bap- 
tist Education Society of the State of New 
York, whose aim is to assist young men in 
preparing for the ministry, he has done 
luuch to promote its objects. Madison 
University — recently changed to Colgate 
University in recognition of the princely 
gift of his brother, James B. — has been the 
special object of his attention for many 
years past. 

He has long been engaged in the collec- 
tion and classification of historical data 
from all parts of the world, both ancient 
and modern, bearing on the history of the 
Baptist denomination and the growth and 
development of the Baptist church. This 
collection, now numbering over 40,000 
pamphlets, includes manv rare and valuable 
works in the French, English and German 
languages: also annual reports and statis- 
tics from every state in the Union. These 
are conveniently arranged and indexed so 
that any information connected with the 
history of the Baptist church can be readily 
obtained. When completed, this will form 
the most valuable collection of historical 
data connected with the Baptist denomina- 
tion ever brought together. This collec- 
tion has involved a large amount of labor 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



12', 



and money, but it has l^een entirely a work 
of love. All the books, papers and docu- 
ments connected with this work will be 
placed in the fire-proof building at Colgate 
University and will thus become accessible 
to all those who wish to examine the his- 
tory and work of Baptists, etc. 

Mr. Colgate married Elizabeth A., 
daughter of Richard C. Morse, a descend- 
ant of Jedediah Morse, one of the orio-inal 
settlers of Dedham, Massachusetts, whose 
descendants for generations have exempli- 
fied the teachings of their Puritan ances- 
tors. Mrs. Colgate was well known to the 
people of Orange for her life-long labor 
of love in behalf of the poor and unfortu- 
nate. 



JOHN GAREIS. 

\\'hen, after years of long and active la- 
bor in some honorable field of business, a 
man puts aside all cares to spend his re- 
maining years in the enjoyment of the 
fruits of his former toil, it is certainly a 
well deserved reward of his former industry. 

"How blest is he who crowns in shades like 

these 
A youth of labor with an age of ease !" 

wrote the poet, and the world everywdiere 
recognizes the justice of a season of rest 
following an active period of business life. 
Mr. Gareis is now living retired at his pleas- 
ant home in Newark, and his history is one 
wdiich shows the accomplishment of well 
directed labor. 

A native of the fatherland, he was born in 
the ortschaft of Reichenbach, Ober Frank- 
en, in Bavaria, Germany, February 2, 1815, 
and is a son of John and Margaret (Stumpf) 
Gareis. There were four children in the 
family, the other three being daughters. In 



the land of his nativity he acquired his early 
education, and in accordance with the cus- 
tom of the country he was confirmed 
at the age of fourteen. During his 
minority he remained at home and 
assisted his father in the various de- 
partments of farm work. When twenty- 
four vears of age he decided to come to 
America, hoping that he might find better 
opportunities of making a home and for- 
tune for himself. 

Accordingly he l^ade adieu to friends and 
native land and took passage on the sailing 
vessel Caroline, which weighed anchor on 
the i8th of June. 1840, and reached the 
harbor of New York on the 2d of Septem- 
ber following. In the eastern metropolis 
he followed various occupations for a time 
and was there married. September 17, 1844, 
to Miss Dorothea W'eitman, a daughter of 
Lorenz and Kundigund Weitman, both of 
whom were of German ancestry. Remov- 
ing to Newark Mr. Gareis located in Plane 
street, where he remained for a year and a 
half, when he took up his residence on the 
corner of \\'est and Mercer streets. There 
he engaged in merchandizing until 1855, 
when he removed to Springfield avenue, 
where he successfully carried on business 
until 1876. In 1854 he purchased three 
acres of ground on Springfield avenue, 
made many improvements on his property 
and has been an important factor in the de- 
velopment and substantial advancement" of 
that neighborhood. His judicious invest- 
ments in real estate and his well directed 
eltorts along commercial lines have brought 
to him a success which numbers him among 
the prosperous residents of the community. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Gareis were born ten 
children. Dorothea became the wife of 
John Schreiber and died in 1879, leaving 



128 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



five children, namely : Dorothea, Annie, 
George, Frank and Mary. Barbara is the 
wife of Peter Keller, and they have five 
children : John, Katie, Peter, George and 
Jacob. Catharine is married and has five 
children : John, ]\Iay, Frank, Joseph and 
Rosie. Sebastian married Barbara Steck- 
ert and their children are Antonius. Lillie, 
Joseph, Barbara and Clara. Alary is the 
widow of Joseph Duetsch, who was born 
July 12, 1859, and died May 18, 1896, leav- 
ing four children : Joseph, Edward, Charles 
and Dorothea. George was married in 
1897 to Katie Hanson. John wedded Mary 
Miller and has two children, — Matilda and 
Dora. Michael died at the age of eleven 
years. The next member of the family died 
in infancy, and George died at the age of 
nine months. The mother of these chil- 
dren was called to her final rest November 
2, 1878, at the age of fifty-four years. She 
was a lady of ^any excellencies of charac- 
ter, belonging to the Catholic church, and 
was widely known for her hospitality and 
kindness. Mr. Gareis also belongs to the 
same church. Coming to this country 
without capital, he has steadilv worked his 
way upward to a position of affluence and 
has won the proud American title of a 
"self-made man." 



JOSEPH HENSLER, 

president of the Hensler Brewing Com- 
pany, of Newark, was born in the ortschaft 
of Gutenstein, in the oberamt Moeskirch, 
near the Baden sea in the kingdom of Ba- 
den, Germany, February 2, 1830, and is a 
son of Bonifatz and Catherine (Blender) 
Hensler. His father was educated in the 
common schools of his native town and 
there learned the brewer's trade, which he 



followed as a life work. He was a just and 
conscientious man in all life's relations, and 
was charitable, giving freely of his means 
to the needy. He held membership in the 
Roman Catholic church. 

In 1854 he decided to come to America 
and with his family, consisting of himself 
and six children, he crossed the Atlantic, 
arriving at New York on the 26th of Oc- 
tober, 1854, after a voyage of thirty-four 
days. Locating in Newark with his family, 
he spent the remainder of his days in this 
city, his death occurring in September, 
1874. He was twice married. His first 
wife died in the fatherland in October, 
1834, at the age of thirty-one years, her 
birth having occurred in 1803. Her chil- 
dren were Theresa, wife of John Bell; Jo- 
seph; Mathias, who married and had two 
children. Init he and his family are all now 
deceased; John, who married Catherine 
Kaiser, and both died, leaving three chil- 
dren, Elizabeth, John and George; and Jo- 
hanna, wife of John Baumgartner, by 
whom she has four children, — Joseph, 
John, Elizabeth and Annie. After the 
death of his first wife Bonifatz Hensler 
married Theresa Knittel, who died Decem- 
ber 6, 1837, leaving one son, Adolph, who 
came with his father to America. 

Joseph Hensler acquired his education in 
the schools of his native land, and on lay- 
ing aside his text-books began learning the 
brewer's trade with his father. When he 
had attained to man's estate, he was 
drafted into the military service of his 
country as an infantryman and continued 
in the army until the expiration of his reg- 
ular term. Accompanying his father on 
the emigration to America, he located in 
Newark and entered the employ of Herman 
and Adolph Schalk, by whom he was em- 




w*V 




^--^^^^'^-^^j^^/i^rfZ^ f^ ^>^ 



THE 
// NEW YORK 
(PUBLIC library] 

^^Astor, Lenox and Tilden 

Foundations. 

1901 



ESt<EX rOUXTY. 



129 



ployed as a journeyman. By perseverance, 
industry and economy he was at length en- 
abled to begin business on his own account, 
in November, 1858, and formed a partner- 
siiip with his brotlier-in-law. George I-o- 
renz, opening a brewery on a part of the 
site which is now occupied by his extensive 
plant. Tlie}' were successful in the new 
enterprise, and the partnership was con- 
tinued until 1866, when it was dissolved by 
mutual consent, I\Ir. Hensler buying out 
his brother-in-law's interest. He has since 
carried on operations alone and has met 
with most gratifying results. In 1891 he 
admitted his two sons to a partnership and 
the Joseph Hensler Brewing Company was 
incorporated with our subject as president, 
Adolph F. Hensler as vice-president, and 
Joseph Hensler. Jr., as financial secretary. 
The plant has been enlarged from time to 
time to meet the requirements of the con- 
stantly increasing trade and now ranks 
among the largest of the kind in the city. 

Mr. Hensler was married November 4, 
1858, to Magdalena, widow of David Jac- 
quilliard, and a daughter of George Adam 
and Margaretta (Burger) Reis. They now 
have two children: Joseph, who married 
Amelia Rohrig, daughter of Charles Roh- 
rig, and has one son, George Arthur; and 
Adolph F., who married Josephine Ender- 
son, daughter of James Enderson. Their 
children are Richard and Robert, pupils in 
the high school of Newark; Edward, Gil- 
bert and Belle. By her first marriage Mrs. 
Hensler had two children : Sophia, wife of 
Jacob Kaiser, of Newark, by whom she has 
seven children, — Jacob, Andrew, John, 
Nicholas, Martin, Elizabeth and Annie; and 
Lena, wife of John Fauwald, by whom she 
has one son, George. 

Mr. Hensler is a member in good stand- 

ii— 



ing in Schiller Lodge. No. 66, A. F. & A. 
]\1., of Newark; in politics is a Democrat, 
and in religious faith is a Roman Catholic. 



THE TAYLOR FAMILY. 

Every man who induces another to settle 
in the Oranges adds just that much to the 
wealth of the whole community. When it 
is considered that the combined efforts of 
Abraham C. and Ira M. Taylor — father and 
son — in this direction extend over a period 
of more than sixty years, it is safe to say 
that they have added hundreds of thousands 
of dollars to the wealth of the Oranges. 
Both are natives of Essex county and are 
identified by marriage with some of the old- 
est families in this vicinity. William Tay- 
lor, the American progenitor of this branch 
of the Taylor family, was the son of Jacob 
and Elizabeth (Eccles) Taylor, of Randall's 
Town, near Belfast, Ireland. Jacob was a 
linen, manufacturer, a native of Scotland, 
the familv being all stanch Scotch Presby- 
terians. 

William Taylor, son of Jacob, was a mill- 
wright. He came to this country soon after 
1800, in company with Deacon John 
Nichol, one of the pillars of the Brick 
church, East Orange. William Taylor set- 
tled in Bloomfield, where he married Ger- 
trude, daughter of Colonel Thomas Cad- 
mus, of that place, a descendant of one of 
the old Holland families who settled in east 
New Jersey. The house in which Colonel 
Cadmus lived, on Washington street, 
Bloomtield, was built by his ancestors 
about 1672. This house is mentioned in 
the history of Bloomfield as Washington's 
headquarters. 

Abraham Cadmus Taylor, son of Will- 



I30 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



iam and Gertrude (Cadmus) Taylor, was 
born in Bloomtield, New Jersey. ^March g. 
1812, and died in East Orange, December 
17, 1883. He lived with his uncle. Abra- 
ham Cadmus, from an early age until the 
latter"s death, and inherited most of his 
property. His grandfather. Colonel Thom- 
as Cadmus, served with distinction in the 
war of the Revolution and enjo}-ed the per- 
sonal friendship of General Washington, 
who presented him with a sword, the bro- 
ken parts of which are still in the family. 
At the age of eighteen years Abraham C. 
Taylor came to Orange, where he spent the 
remainder of his life. He kept a country 
store for some vears and sulisequently es- 
tablished a large clothing business in ^io- 
bile, Alaliama, under the firm name of Tay- 
lor & Dickinson. Mr. Taylor remained 
north, attending to the buying, manufac- 
turing, etc.. while his partner attended to 
the southern branch of the business. He 
discontinued the business just liefore the 
panic of 1857 and thereby escaped financial 
disaster. 

Mr. Taylor was among the first of the old 
residents to appreciate the possibilities of 
Orange as a place of suburban residence, 
and, with wise forethought, he purchased 
large tracts of land in Orange and Mont- 
clair. His first home property was located 
on Main. Baldwin and Harrison streets. He 
afterward purchased several acres on Wash- 
ington street and built for himself a new 
house, in which he lived and died. He di- 
vided this property into building lots, and 
opened William street through the prop- 
erty, from Prospect to Washington streets, 
and made other necessary improvements. 
Among other properties he developed the 
Uzal Dodd tract at Doddtown; he also 
opened Xew street to Orange. He did not 



wait for others to develop their property in 
order that he might reap the benefit, but 
with a worthy public spirit he spent his 
money freelv in improving all his property, 
while many of his neighbors profited there- 
by. He was a whole-souled, enterprising 
business man, with large ideas which he 
was capable of carrying out. He was 
a leader in politics, although, with a single 
exception, he invariably declined to accept 
office. He worked earnestly for his friends, 
and whoever was fortunate enough to se- 
cure his influence was almost certain of an 
election. He managed all his own aft'airs 
with consummate ability, exercising wis- 
dom and forethought in all his transactions. 
Though not a member of any church he led 
an exemplary life, and in all his intercourse 
with his fellow men endeavored to conform 
to the Golden Rule. He had large busi- 
ness interests and was connected with vari- 
ous organizations. He was a director in 
the Orange Savings Bank, and in the Essex 
County Alutual Insurance Company. 

^Nlr. Tavlor married Elizabeth Simmons 
Condit. daughter of Samuel Wheeler and 
Sarah (Brundage) Condit, residents of what 
is now \\'est Orange. Samuel Wheeler 
Condit was the son of Joel and Sarah 
(Wheeler) Condit. Joel served in the war 
of the Revolution. He was the son of 
Daniel, son of Samuel, the Newark ances- 
tor of the family. The children of Abraham 
Cadmus Taylor and his wife, Elizabeth, 
were; Mary C; Harriet, who married Sam- 
uel G. Van Auken; William A., born No- 
vember 17. 1840, and died January 9. 1856; 
Elizabeth, who married Marcus A. Gould, 
and is a practicing physician of the new 
school; Gertrude, who resides in W^ashing- 
ton. D. C; Ira 'SI.: Samuel 'M.. and Caro- 
line died in infancy. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



131 



Ira M. Ta}'Ior, sixth child of Abraham 
Cadmus and EHzabeth (Coiuht) Taylor, 
was born in Orange, or what is now East 
Orange, October 31, 1846. He was sent to 
the best private schools in Orange, among 
these being the well known institution 
of Mr. Adams. Mr. Taylor's first bus- 
iness experience was in New York city, 
where he was first engaged in mercantile 
affairs and afterward in the manufacturing- 
business. He was for some time connected 
with the Paragon Manufacturing Com- 
pany, which made the first paragon um- 
brella frames in this country. After his 
father's death ]\Ir. Taylor returned to East 
Orange to assume charge of the estate, 
which for a time recjuired his undivided at- 
tention. In the settlement of his father's 
affairs he was gradually drawn into the real- 
estate business and began operations for 
himself and others. His pleasing and cour- 
teous manners drew people to him, and 
without any special effort on his part busi- 
ness increased. Strangers, as well as his 
personal friends, found that they could al- 
ways rely on his representations, that he 
had no personal ends to serve. His aim has 
been to please the buyer as well as the 
owner of the property, and he has never 
failed to state the true conditions as to 
health, drainage, etc., even though it might 
be to the detriment of the owner and at a 
personal sacrifice of his own interests. His 
methods, which were actuated by a consci- 
entious regard for the pulilic welfare and 
for the good of his patrons, have yielded 
their legitimate fruits, and a large number 
of the most desirable class of business men 
have been induced to settle in the Oranges 
and build for themselves fine residences. 
These in turn have induced others to locate 
here, who invariablv commend Mr. Ta\lor 



as the best man to conduct negotiations. 
The fact of his individual success and pros- 
perity is the best evidence of what he has ac- 
complished in the development of the Or- 
anges, and through his efforts hundreds of 
thousands of dollars have been added to the 
wealth of his native town, and without any 
pretense or assumption on his part he has 
proved one of the greatest of public bene- 
factors. His conscientious regard for the 
truth, his honesty and perfectly fair deal- 
ings with all, have won him the confidence 
and support of both buyers and sellers of 
property. 

It was Mr. Taylor's reputation for honor- 
able dealing, as well as his good judgment 
and strict impartiality, that led the projec- 
tors of the New Orange Industrial Associa- 
tion to make him their representative and 
manager for this district' for the greatest 
real-estate enterprise ever attempted in this 
country, viz., the purchase and immediate 
development of nineteen hundred acres of 
land lying between Millbnrn and Roselle 
and the immediate outlay of millions of dol- 
lars for improvements, etc. Mr. Taylor 
was one of the commissioners appointed to 
widen and straighten Second river in that 
part of the Doddtown district formerly 
known as Rattlesnake Plains. He organ- 
ized and is secretary of the Penn Bluff Brick 
and Tile Company, an enterprising and suc- 
cessful corporation. He served on a com- 
mission for opening new streets in East Or- 
ange. Mr. Taylor is thoroughly domestic 
in his tastes and habits and has no interest 
whatever in club life. He is a member of 
Brick church and was formerly secretary 
and treasurer of the Sunday-school. 

Mr. Taylor married Kate N. Seymour, 
of New York city, and they have one child, 
Catharine. 



1 3-' 



ESSEX COUXTY. 



GEORGE E. MEAD. 

The progenitor of the IMead family in 
America was Peter Mead, \v!io came from 
Holland to this country about the year 
1730 and settled in what was then known as 
Mead's Basin, now Mountain View, Pa'ssaic 
county. New Jersey. John A., son of Peter, 
came to "Dutch Lane." in Caldwell town- 
ship, and here reared a number of children, 
including John and Aaron. 

John (2d) was born in "Dutch Lane" on 
the 1st of November, 1769, and spent his 
boyhood days in the usual way, farming 
and attending such schools as were provid- 
ed in those days. He married Miss Sarah 
Dodd, daughter of Captain Caleb Dodd, of 
Caldwell, and thev had eight children. 

Allen C. Mead, son of John (2d), was 
born on the 21st of April, 1805, and passed 
his entire life in Caldwell township, most of 
the time being occupied in following the 
shoemaker's tratle. The last few years were 
spent in farming, in which he met with 
marked success. He married Lucretia 
Dayton, of Basking Ridge, daughter of 
John Dayton, who was an uncle of William 
L. Dayton, one of New Jersey's most dis- 
tinguished citizens. He was a supporter of 
church interests, a member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and in his political 
faith was a stanch Democrat, being an in- 
fluential resident of his home city. He was 
a member of the old muster, was a fifer and 
a drummer, and his sons are all gifted with 
the talent of music. Mrs. Mead was a lov- 
ing wife and good mother, and her life was 
one of useful endeavor and Christian forti- 
tude. She was called to her eternal rest 
on August 27, 1893, being survived by her 
husband until February 26, 1895. Of their 
six children, George E. is the subject of this 



sketch; Sarah E. became the wife of 
George Canfield; Joel D., born August 18, 
1832, was postmaster for a term at Cald- 
well and also held town offices; James R., 
born July 17, 1834, was postmaster at Han- 
over for thirty years; John Milton, born 
May I, 1837, was postmaster one term at 
Caldwell; and Emily A., born October 28, 
1838, was the youngest. 

Mr. George E. Mead was born on the 
1 2th of August, 1828, and after attending 
the public schools learned the carriage- 
making trade at Morristown, New Jersey, 
and followed the same for about ten years, 
at the end of which period he engaged in 
general merchandizing at Pine Brook, 
Morris county. New Jersey, continuing in 
that line of enterprise with marked success 
for twenty-six years. He then purchased 
his father's farm, taking u]) his residence 
thereon, and from time to time has added 
to it until he is now enjoying a comfortable 
competency and is one of the most pros- 
l^erous agriculturists of Essex county. 
Conmiencing in 1856 he was postmaster for 
twenty-five years at Pine Brook, filling the 
office with great credit under both Repub- 
lican and Democratic administrations; he 
himself has always been a Democrat. 

Socially Mr. Mead is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and in his religious be- 
lief he is an adherent of the Presbyterian 
church of Caldwell. He is a public-spirited 
citizen and is deeply interested in the edu- 
cational advancement of the county. 

On the 5th of November, 1851, Mr. 
]\Iead was united in marriage with ]\Iiss 
Sarah A. Van Ness, daughter of Peter Van 
Ness, of Pine Brook, Morris county. New 
Jersey. The latter was a farmer and a sup- 
porter of the Methodist church. He mar- 
ried Miss Mary Peer, of Fairfield, Essex 



ESSEX COUXTY 



133 



county, who also was a member of the 
MethocHst church. Air. George E. Mead 
and wife have the following named chil- 
dren: Caroline H. is the wife of Henry C. 
Lewis, and has three children, — Sarah M., 
Irvin R. and Alice C. : Alice L.. the wife of 
Edwartl M. Young; Mary Lucretia, who 
married Wilbur B. Gould; and Henry C., 
an officer in the state penitentiary, who was 
formerly associated with his father in the 
mercantile business. He married Miss 
Charlotte Kent, and they have had two 
children: Allen K., who died October 25, 
1897, at the age of eight years: and Ida K. 



JOHN B. WALLACE, 

of the firm of Wallace & Company, manu- 
facturers of structural and ornamental slate 
work, in Newark, was born in the town of 
Clough Jortlen, in the countv of Tipperary, 
Ireland, January i, 1874, and is the son 
of Wellington and Catherine (Lewis) Wal- 
lace, both of Irish parentage. 

The father received a common-school ed- 
ucation and chose as his life work the till- 
ing of the soil. In 1882 he came to Amer- 
ica to seek a broader field for his labor, 
reaching Philadelphia in March of that 
year. He was accompanied by his family, 
consisting of wife and three children, — 
John B.. Esther and Catherine. He did not 
remain in Pennsylvania, liowever, but took 
up his residence in Toronto, Canada, where 
his two sons, Richard and Jeremiah, had 
located some time previously, and were en- 
gaged in l)usiness. Both parents are still 
residents of that city and are consistent 
members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. The family of this worthy couple 
numbered twelve children, as follows: 
Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Biackwell, a 



resident of Alontreal. Canada, by whom slie 
had six children; Jeremiah, who is con- 
nected with the Bank of Commerce of To- 
ronto, and resides there with his wife and 
three children; Richard, who is engaged in 
contracting and building in Toronto, where 
he li\"es with his wife and three children; 
William, a member of the police force of 
Toronto, who is married and has one child; 
Rachel, wife of James Brown, of Toronto, 
by whom she has three children; Welling- 
ton, Jr.. cashier in the Home and Loan Sav- 
ings Institution in Toronto, who is married 
and has two children; Kathleen, a profes- 
sional nurse, now following her chosen life 
work in the Empire state; Esther, wife of 
Alartin Kellough, a resident of East 
Orange: Matilda, who is living with her 
parents in Toronto; James, who came to 
East Orange and lives with his sister; John 
B. of this review; Sarah, who died in Ire- 
land when about twenty years of age; be- 
sides two who died in early childhood in the 
same country. 

John B. Wallace acquired his education 
in the pulilic schools of Toronto, and when 
in his early "teens began to earn his own 
livelihood. Since that time he has depend- 
ed entirely upon his own efforts, so that 
whatever he has achieved in life results from 
his earnest labors and perseverance. In 1890 
he went to Brooklyn, where he found em- 
plovment in the slate-working business. He 
applied himself earnestly and closely to the 
duties entrusted to his care, and as time 
progressed thoroughly mastered the busi- 
ness in all its departments. He then re- 
solved to carry on the enterprise on his own 
account, and in 1S94 embarked in business 
at Roseville. where he has met with good 
success in his undertakings, building up an 
excellent trade. He has executed the slate 



134 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



and mantel work on a numl^er of the duIjHc 
buildings in Newark and Bloomfield, and in 
1896 the firm of which he is a member did 
the work in the Pennsylvania Railroad 
depot at Elizabeth, and in the new Turn 
Verein Hall and the Krueger Auditorium 
at Elizabeth. In 1895 they established their 
present place of business on Warren street, 
Newark, and in this locality they have se- 
cured a good business among the best class 
of patrons. Thoroughly understanding the 
work in all its departments, and meeting 
fully every obligation imposed by the terms 
of the contract, he gives full satisfaction to 
his many patrons, and has gained their con- 
fidence and regard. 

Mr. ^^'allace is a member of the Roseville 
Methodist Episcopal church and of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, of 
Newark, and takes an active part in church 
and benevolent work, doing all in his power 
to advance the cause of humanitv. 



JEREMIAH r. BALL, 

butcher. East Orange, New Jersey, is one of 
the representati\'e business men and re- 
spected citizens of this place, belonging to 
a family long resident of New Jersey. He 
w-as born in Newark, this state, March 28, 
1833, and is a son of Archibald and Sarah 
Gibbs (Price) Ball, l)0tli natives of Essex 
county. 

George Ball, the grandfather of Jeremiah 
P., was Iiorn and passed his whole life in 
Essex county, where he was well known as 
a man of industry and honest w^orth. By 
trade he was a blacksmith. Of his family 
only three sons — Stephen, Edward and 
Archibald — are known to survive. Archi- 
bald Ball, like his father before him, was 
born and passed his life in Essex county. 



He died in Elizabeth. By occupation he 
was a morocco dresser. On the maternal 
side also the ancestors of our subject were 
among the primitive settlers of New Jersey, 
the time of their location here being pre- 
vious to the Revolutionary war. Repre- 
sentatives of the family were participants 
in that war. Jeremiah Price, the maternal 
grandfather of our subject, was a prominent 
official in the town of Elizabeth. For a 
period of forty-one years he was constable 
and deputy sherifif at that place. He died 
there at an advanced age. To Archibald 
Ball and wife were born six children, as 
follows: Martha C., deceased wife of Will- 
iam Meeker; Jeremiah P.; George M., de- 
ceased, and his wife, Sarah Moore- 
house, were the parents of three chil- 
dren, — Martha, Jessie and Charlotte; 
Maria D.. wife of John Cary, New York, 
has two children, — Myrtie and Harriet; 
Sarah E., a resident of Vineland, New Jer- 
sey; and Henry C deceased, who married 
Rebecca Leipsey and had a family of two 
children, — Irwin, who resides in New 
York, and Harry, of Newark. 

Jeremiah P. Ball remo\'ed to Orange, 
New Jersey, with his parents in 1841, when 
eight years of age. He received a limited 
education in the public schools of this place, 
attending school until he was ten. At that 
early age he entered upon an apprenticeship 
to the trade of shoemaker in the shop of 
Peter Campbell, located at what was called 
Doddtown, between Orange and Bloom- 
field. Mr. Campbell died before young Ball 
had completed his apprenticeship. He, 
however, continued work at the trade until 
1856. That year he engaged in the butcher 
business, which he has since continued and 
in which he has had a fairly prosperous 
career. 



ESSEX COVXTY. 



135 



Mr. Ball was married in East Orange, 
December 27, 1854, to Miss Lydia M. 
Washburn, daughter of Silas and Lydia 
(Baldwin) Washburn: and their union has 
been blessed in the birth of two children, 
namely: Stephen C, who married While- 
mina Bodner and has one child, Dorothy; 
and David W., who married Elsie Mc- 
Chesney. 

Politically, Mr. Ball is in accord with the 
Republican party and is enthusiastic in the 
support of the same. Before the organiza- 
tion of this party he was a Whig. He has 
several times been elected to the office of 
justice of the peace. His family attend 
worship at the Second Presljyterian church 
of East Orange. 



HENRY W, HERBERT. 

Henry William Herbert was born in 
London on the 7th of April, 1807, a year 
which has been made famous by giving 
America her Longfellow and her Willis. 
Until the age of twelve Master Henry was 
taken charge of by tutors in his father's 
house, which, in those days especially, was 
a general resort for parliamentary wits and 
distinguished scholars. On entering his 
'teens, Henry was sent to Dr. Hooker's 
academy at Brighton, on the Sussex coast. 

In April, 1820, commencing his four- 
teenth year, he was entered at Eton, where 
his happy powers of analysis, or of synthe- 
sis, astonished his professors. He made 
such remarkable progress that in 1825 his 
father sent him to Caius College. Cam- 
bridge, and in the class of 1829-30 he was 
graduated. 

While at Cambridge the society of the 
youthful Herbert was eagerly sought after 
bv more wealthv commoners; and, as he 



was especially anxious to associate with 
them, he gradually formed some very ex- 
pensive haljits. One of the best things 
Herbert did while at Cambridge was to join 
a troop of Camljridgeshire veomanrv cav- 
alry, a full squadron of which was occa- 
sionally "camped out" on the routes be- 
tween Cambridge and Huntingdon, Peter- 
borough, Lynn and Norwich, as the differ- 
ent counties might invite each other's mem- 
bers. By the knowledge of equestrian and 
field mo\ements thus acquired Herbert was 
subsequently enabled to give us those fine 
descriptions of Roman battles, sieges, and 
campaigns, which Herbert's delighted read- 
ers find in "The Captains of the Old 
World," or in "The Roman Republic," and 
which he intended to have continued. While 
at college Herbert had rapidly acquired a 
restless and reckless way of living, and his 
parents could exercise little or no control 
over him. He plunged deeper and deeper 
into debt on coming of age. He went to 
Brussels and afterward to Paris: but neith- 
er the continent nor Europe itself was large 
enough for his peculiar ideas; nothing 
short of "a boundless continent," like that 
of America, seemed worthy of his notice. 

Herbert landed in this country about No- 
vember, 183 1, and the few hundred pounds 
having been soon expended he was com- 
])elled to turn his attention to business. He 
readily obtained an engagement as a teach- 
er of Greek in the Rev. R. Townsend Hud- 
dart's classical and fashionable school, 
which at that time was in Beaver street, 
near Broadway, and gave perfect satisfac- 
tion for eight years. In 1834, Mr. Her- 
bert's first historical novel, "The Brothers, 
a Tale of the Fronde," was published by the 
Harpers, and was favorably received by the 
public. From 1833 to 1836, he was more 



136 



ESSEX COUXTY. 



or less connected witli the "American 
Monthly ]\Iagazine." sometimes writing all 
the editorial matter. In 1837, his reputa- 
tion as a writer of historical novels seemed 
fully confirmed by the appearance of 
"Cromwell," Mhich was even more favor- 
ably recei\xd bv the American public than 
"The Brothers." 

Mr. Herbert was married in 1839 to Miss 
Barker, daughter of the then mayor of Bos- 
ton. The happy marriage seemed to make 
Mr. Herbert more useful and more ad- 
mirable in society, With a happy home a 
man has some chance for shining forth in 
his true character. So it was with Mr. Her- 
bert. 

In 1840, the year his son was born. Her- 
bert extended his literary and poetical con- 
tributions to the papers more freely than 
ever. It was at this interesting period 
when the name of "Frank Forrester" came 
from Mr. Herbert's Jove-like brain, and the 
world has consented to receive "Frank For- 
rester" with all the honors, regardless of 
title or nation. The name "Frank Forrest- 
er" soon became famous by creating him 
a spirited controxersarv in the "Aiuerican 
Turf Register," while the able records fur- 
nished by "Cyphers. Jr.;" and "Warwick 
Woodlands" caused a general desire for "a 
few more of the same sort." While thus 
engaged in producing some of the finest 
nove's of his dav, he found time to con- 
tribute many a good fugiti\'e to the "Knick- 
erbocker Alagazine," "Graham's Maga- 
zine" and several other periodicals. One 
of the articles Mr. Herbert furnished to 
Graham in 1841 was the "Roman Bride," 
a beautiful story. .Xnother of the articles 
sent to Graham in 1841 was "The Mar- 
riage of Achilles," which attracted general 
attention. 



'Sir. and Mrs. Herbert shortly after mar- 
riage renioxed from the Carlton House, in 
New York, to the Park House in Newark, 
New Jersey. In 1846 !Mrs. Herbert died, 
while at the latter place. Their son was 
sent to England, where he pursued his edu- 
cation. 

In February, 1858, Henry William Her- 
bert married Adela R. Budlong. 

Owing- to unfortunate family relations 
Mr. Herbert became melancholy, and on 
the 17th of May, 1858, put an end to his 
own life. He is buried in ]\Iount Pleasant 
cemetery, Newark, New Tersev. 



FREDERIC W. WARD. 

a prominent and successful legal practi- 
tioner of Newark, was born in Railway, 
Union county. New Jersey, on the 30tli of 
January, 1858, his parents being Samuel 
D. and Rebecca M. (Miller) Ward. In an 
early dav in the history of New Jersey, 
three brothers by the name of Ward moved 
from Connecticut to New Jersey, one of 
them settling in Newark, one in North 
Jersey, and the third in Hanover, Morris 
county, from the last of whom the father 
of our subject descended, Samuel D. was 
for many years a resident of Rahway, where 
he engaged in the manufacture of carriages 
until his death, ■which occurred in 1882. 
The paternal grandmother's maiden name 
was r)odd and she belonged to the Bloom- 
field, New Jersey, Dodds. Mrs. Ward was 
born in Westfield, New Jersey, and was a 
daughter of Isaac Miller, a member of one 
of the oldest and be'st known families of 
Elizabeth, who resided in Newark for over 
forty years. Mrs. \\'ard survived her hus- 
band about twelve years. 

Frederic \\". Ward was reared in the citv 




FREDERIC W. WARD. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



of liis iiatisit}-, and after a preliminary train- 
ing in the public schools he completed his 
literary education in the Rahway Academy. 
In 1875 he entered the law office of Hon. 
F. W. Stevens, now vice-chancellor, and 
luider that gentleman's able tuition he be- 
gan to read law, being admitted to the bar 
as an attorney at law in 1879, and as a coun- 
selor at law in 1882. Upon engaging in 
the jjractice of his profession Wr. Ward 
formed a partnership with his former pve- 
ceptor and the tirm of Ste\'ens & Ward was 
continued until 1891, when the latter took 
up the practice alone, and since then has 
rapidly risen in his chosen calling, lieing 
recognized to-da\' as one of the most tal- 
ented lawyers in the state. He enjoys a 
large and lucrative patronage, and for a 
number of vears he has been counsel for 
the United States Industrial Insurance 
Company, is now the executor for the ex- 
tensi\e estate of the late William M. Force, 
and is also executor for several other im- 
portant estates. His integrity of character 
has gained for him the confidence of the 
public and he has a reputation for fidelity 
and sincerity in all his endeavors. He is 
in ever\- respect a self-made man, and his 
success and prosperity in life have been ac- 
complished by his individual efforts. 

In 1888 Mr. Ward was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Jessie O. Peck, a daughter of 
James Peck, of East Orange, and they have 
had three children. 



ORL.\XDO WIIJJ.VMS. 

The first rejjresentatives of the \\ illiams 
family in Xew Jerse}- Avere Samuel. .\mos 
and Matthew Williams, who were among 
the pioneers of Xewark. and it is from the 
first named that our subject is descen<led. 
He was the father of Jonathan \\'illiams, 



who married a ]\Iiss Squire. They became 
the parents of Nathan Williams, the grand- 
father of our subject. He married Catha- 
rine Wade, and to them were jjorn the fol- 
lowing children : Abigail, wh(_) married Jo- 
seph Dobbins; Electa, wife of Henry 
Beach; Albert, a graduate of Princeton Col- 
lege, who went to California in 1849 and 
became a distinguished preacher on the 
Pacific coast, but died in W^est Orange, 
New Jersey; Heiu'v W.; Henrietta Mul- 
ford, who l)ecame the wife of Dr. J. C. Bar- 
ron; and Albert. 

The parents of our subject were Jonathan 
S. and Phoebe (Perry) W'illiams. The fath- 
er was born on the old homestead, was 
reared to farm life, and in his early- years 
also learned the hatter's trade and engaged 
in the manufacture of hats for many years. 
He married Phoebe Perry, a daughter of 
William S. Perry, who was born on the old 
Perry homestead, on what is now Prospect 
a\-enue. West Orange, but was then known 
as Perry Lane. He was a son of Samuel 
Perry, who was of English descent and was 
one of the first settlers of Newark, where 
he reared a number of children, including 
the grandfather of our subject, William S. 
Perry, who served throughout the Revolu- 
tionary war. He followed agricultural pur- 
suits anfl also engaged extensively in the 
manufacture of cider, — a |)0]nilar industry 
at that day, — conducting a store in New 
York city for the sale of this product. He 
married j\Iiss Kent and they became the 
parents of the following named : Abbie, 
who became the wife of Zebulon Condit; 
jotham. who married Margaret Morris; 
Jacob, who married Emma Brundage: 
Sarah, wife of John Garrison; .\chsah, wife 
of Prosper Warner;' and Charlotte, wife of 
Lemuel Baldwin. 



I3S 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Aiter his marriage Jonathan S. Williams 
located on the old homestead which his 
father had settled and which is now the 
home of our subject. He rebuilt the house, 
made many excellent improvements and be- 
came the owner of a large landed estate in 
addition to the homestead. The land com- 
prising the latter has always been in posses- 
sion of the family since it was first located 
by a Williams. For many years the father 
of our subject filled the office of justice 
of the peace and was a member of tlie town- 
ship committee, while for about forty-three 
years he was an elder in the old Presby- 
terian church of Orange. His family num- 
bered the following: Samuel A., who died 
in 1894. at the age of seventy years; Cath- 
erine R., wife of Albert Condit; William 
N. ; Orlando; Albert, who died at the age 
of fifty-nine; J. h~.; and Sarah A., wife of 
Herman Woodruff. 

At the ancestral home of the AVilliams 
family, on the 30th of October, 1831, Or- 
lando W'illiams first opened his eyes to the 
light of day, and the farm whereon his boy- 
hood days were passed has also been the 
scene of his manhood labors. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools and has always 
followed agricultural pursuits. His labors 
have been well directed as the result of his 
judicious management, enterprise and in- 
dustry, and he has now a valuable property, 
a very pleasant home and is surrounded 
with the comforts that go to make life 
worth the li\ing. 

In April, 1871, Mr. Williams was united 
in marriage to Miss Hannah Condit, a 
daughter of a Ira H. Condit, of Roseland, 
and their union is graced with one daugh- 
ter, jNIarie Antoinette. Mrs. W'illiams and 
her daughter are members of the St. Cloud 
Presbyterian church, and the family is 



wideh- and favorably known. [Mr. Williams 
has servetl as a member of the township 
committee and is accounted one of the val- 
ued citizens of the community. 



MATTHEW T. GAY 

was born in Newark, November 15, 1845, 
and educated in the common-schools, leav- 
ing the public high school at the age of six- 
teen to enter the employ of the Newark 
Daily Mercury. After working for about 
one year in the office, and later in the com- 
posing room, in February. 1863, he secured 
a position with N. F. Blanchard & Brother, 
manufacturers of patent leather, on Bruen, 
Hamilton and McWhorter streets. In 1869 
this firm was changed by the admission of 
P. Van Zandt Lane to Blanchard Brothers 
& Lane; and in 1887, when the concern 
was merged into a corporation, retaining 
the same name, Mr. Gay was elected treas- 
urer of the company. On the death of Mr. 
Lane, in 1894, he was elected president, 
which position he still retains. In the 
thirtv-six years he has been connected with 
this establishment it has grown to be one 
of the largest of the kind in the country, 
its trade extending to all parts of the 
L^nited States. Europe, Australia and 
South America. That in a marked degree 
he had the confidence of those with whom 
he was first associated is shown by the fact 
of his l)eing an executor of the estate of 
Noah F. Blanchard and administrator of 
Samuel F. Blanchard, the former of whom 
died in 1881 and the latter in 1889. 

In 1867 Air. Gay married Miss Joanna 
M. Beach, a daughter of Joseph Beach, of 
Rahwav, New Jersey, and to tliem were 
born two children. Alice W.. the elder, 
who was born May 2\. 1S69, and was edu- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



139 



cated in the State Normal School, of Tren- 
ton, New Jersey, married Harry T. Craw- 
ford, of W'illiamsport, Pennsylvania, and 
has two children, — Elsie Beach and Har- 
old Gay. Joseph H., who was Ijorn May 
II, 1873, is now engaged with his father in 
business. The mother died April 11, 1877, 
and Mr. Gay was again married, in 1879, to 
Miss Elizabeth Eversoll, daughter of Abra- 
ham Eversoll, of Hunterdon county. They 
have one son, Herljert S., who was born 
August 20, 1 88 1, and is a student in Cayuga 
Lake Militarv Academy, of Aurora, New 
York. 

In the year 1873 ^^r. Gay took up his 
residence in Rahway, New Jersey, and later 
served for three years as a member of the 
common council there, and as a member of 
the board of water commissioners. Since 
1892 he has resided in Newark, having a 
very pleasant home at No. 47 Lincoln ave- 
nue. He is now serving as a member of the 
board of health of this city, and in his po- 
litical views is a Republican. Sociallv he is 
connected with St. John's Lodge, F. & A. 
M., of Newark, also with the commandery 
of Knights Templar, and Mecca Temple 
of the same order. He is also a member of 
the Essex Club and is a director in the 
Newark City National Bank. 



WILLL-\M LEWIS SCOTT, 

assistant superintendent of the Newark 
City Hoiue, was born in the village of 
Greene, Chenango county. New York, May 
24, 1829, and is a son of G. V. and Abigail 
(Williamson) Scott. His father was a na- 
tive of Connecticut, and his mother of 
\\'estchester county, New York. The 
former became a well-to-do farmer and 
spent his last days in Broome county, of the 



Empire state. His children were William 
L., Thomas. 'SI. W. and Alvah. On both 
the paternal and the maternal sides the 
ancestrv can be traced back to colonial 
days. The grandfather, Mark Scott, was a 
descendant of one of the early families of 
Connecticut, while Garrett Williamson was 
a pioneer of Westchester county, New 
York. Both were supporters of the Whig 
party, and their descendants became advo- 
cates of Republican principles. 

In the county of his nativity William L. 
Scott was reared to manhood and attended 
the public schools until fifteen years of age. 
He afterward pursued his studies in the 
schools of Broome county, and was a stu- 
dent in Binghamton Seminary. Early in 
life he turned his attention to educational 
work and began teaching in the district 
schools of the Empire state, where he soon 
demonstrated his ability to impart readily 
and clearly to others the knowledge that he 
had acquired. In 1859 he came to New 
Jersey, and locating in A'erona, Essex 
count}', was numbered among its successful 
teachers for a period of ten years. He 
then embarked in merchandizing, which he 
followed for almost a decade, when in 1879 
he was. appointed assistant superintendent 
of the Newark City Home, which position 
he has since acceptablv and creditably 
filled. He is a man of broad humanitarian 
principles, and his deep interest in others 
makes him especially fitted for his work. 
In i8r>9 he was apjjdinted postmaster at 
Verona, the oflice then paying the round 
sum of twenty-eight dollars a year ! But 
imder Mr. Scott's management the revenue 
was greatly increased, and in 1878 it had 
reachefl four hundred tlollars. 

yir. Scott was married in Colesville, 
Chenango count v. New York, to Miss 



I40 



Et^SEX COUNTY. 



Martha AI. Watrous. and they have one 
daughter, Miss Carrie A. Scott, who has 
taught successfully for several years. 

Mr. Scott has made a deep study of 
the political situation and issues of the 
countr_\- and is a stanch advocate of Re- 
publican ]jrinciples. He was one of the 
first Republican committeemen ever elected 
in Caldwell township, and is now township 
assessor of Verona township, formerly a 
part of Caldwell township. He holds a 
membership in the ^Methodist Episcopal 
church, in which for manv vears he has 
been steward, and also belongs to the Ala- 
sonic fraternity, his membership being in 
Caldwell Lodge. No. 59. F. & A. M. He is 
a worthy representati\-e of this benevolent 
order, with its all-embracing creed of the 
fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of 
man, and in e\er\- relation of life he com- 
mands the respect and confidence of those 
whom he lueets. 



JEREAHAH A. CROSS 

was born in Sharon. Schoharie countv. 
New York, where he grew U]) to manhood, 
and where, at the age of sixteen, in conse- 
quence of the death of his father, he was 
thrown upon his own resources. His am- 
bition was to acquire an education and to 
fit himself for one of the learned profes- 
sions. To this end, under \-erv adverse cir- 
cumstances, he obtained such an educa- 
tion as could l)e had in the district schools 
of the county, over one of which, in time, 
he was appointed to the mastership, and 
then, as is usuallv the case, learned ten 
times faster and ten times as much as when 
a pupil. The profession of law was his 
first choice, Init this he soon abandoned, 
with the determination to tle\'Ote himself to 



the stuily and practice of medicine. With 
this in \icw he removed from the state of 
New York and fixed his residence in Frank- 
lin, Essex county. New Jersey, where, as a 
student, he entered the office of Dr. S. 
Dail}-. In 1854 he attended a course of 
medical lectures in the University of A'lichi- 
gan, and the next year attended another 
course in the Albany Medical College, 
where he was graduated in the spring of 
1856. In August of , the same year he estab- 
lished himself in practice in Newark, New 
Jersev, where he continued to reside till the 
end of his life, March 30, 188 r. 

Dr. Cross was one of the physicians and 
surgeons of Essex county who rendered es- 
sential ser\-ice to the countr\' during the 
war of the Rebellion. In i86j he, with a 
small Ijody of surgeons, \-olunteered to take 
care of the wounded New Jersey soldiers ai; 
the siege of Yorktown. During his ab- 
sence on this service the W^ard United 
States Army Hospital was established in 
Newark, and on his return he was attached 
to it as acting assistant surgeon, which po- 
sition he held until December, 1863, when 
he accepted the post of surgeon to the 
board of enrollment of the fifth congres- 
sional district of New Jersey. Here lie re- 
mained until the close of the war, and then 
resiuned his pri\ate practice. In 1870 he 
was appointed one of the staff of St. 
Alichael's Hospital, in the city of Newark, 
and during the same year Ijecame physi- 
cian for the Essex County Home for the 
Insane, with which latter institution he re- 
mained connected til! his death. As a mem- 
ber of the Essex County Medical Society 
he was active in all that concerned the in- 
terests of his profession, and as a citizen he 
was prominent and influential whenever 
and wherever an earnest and leading spirit 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



141 



was needed in the conduct of public atYairs. 
By reason of his genial nature, his kindly 
disposition, and honest dealing. Dr. Cross 
made many warm friends, and his tleath. was 
lamented throughout the whole com- 
munity. 



OLIVER S. HALSTED, 

the first chancellor of New Jersey appoint- 
ed under the constitution of 1844, was born 
at Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1792, and, 
after receiving a good preparatory educa- 
tion, entered the College of New Jersey, at 
Princeton, where he was graduated in iSio. 
receiving, in course, his degree of A. ~M. In 
1814 he was admitted to the bar, and set- 
tling in Newark continued the ])ractice of 
his profession luuil near the close of his 
life, with the exception of seven years, when 
he held the oilice of chancellor. In 1836 
Mr. Halsted was recorder of the city of 
Newark, in 1840 held the office of mayor, in 
1827 was a member of the general assem- 
bly, in 1834 a member of the state council, 
and was at one time surrogate of the county 
of Essex. 

On the expiration of the gubernatorial 
term of Daniel Haines, who was the last 
governor and chancellor under the consti- 
tution of 1776, Air. Halsted received from 
Governor Stratton the nomination for 
chancellor and the same was confirmed by 
the senate, February 5, 1845. He held his 
office until 1852, when he resumed the prac- 
tice of his profession. Chancellor Halsted 
was a man of much learning, and in his lat- 
ter years a great student of the Bible. In 
1875, two years before his death and at the 
age of eighty-three, he published "The 
Book Called Job," being a literal translation 
from the Hebrew. It is accomijanied with 



copious notes, which show a vast amount of 
study and research. He was also the 
author of a work entitled "The Theology 
of the Bible." Chancellor Halsted died 
Aup-ust 29, 1877. 



OLIVER S. HALSTED, JR., 

son of the late Chancellor Halsted, was 
born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1818, and 
was graduated at the College of New Jersey 
in 1838. He entered soon after, as a stu- 
dent at law. the office of his distinguished 
father, and in 1841. having been admitted 
to the bar, began the practice of his profes- 
sion in Newark, New Jersey. He met with 
great success as a practitioner, and acquired 
considerable reputation as a fearless and 
eloquent speaker. 

In 1849 lie went to California, and there 
commenced the practice of law, but after 
an absence of about one year he returned 
to his former home. A\dien the war for the 
L'nion broke out,, in 1861, he relinquished 
his practice in Newark, and located in 
Washington, where he remained till the 
close of the year 1865. During all this time 
he was actively engaged in the cause cf the 
LTnion, and is said to have rendered many 
and inqjortant services to the government 
and to the country. Some months after the 
close of the war he returned to Newark and 
resumed the practice of his profession, in 
which he remained until the time of his 
death, which occurred July 2, 1871. 



ERNEST F. KEER 

was born in the city of Newark, on the ist 
of November. 1870. His parents, Julius 
and Josephine (Sautermeister) Keer, both 
natives of Germanv. were married in New- 



142 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



ark. after lia\-in,i,' resided in the city some 
years. Julius Keer was for twenty-five 
years employed by the Joseph Hensler 
Brewing- Company, and previous to that 
conducted a brewery for himself, in this 
city. The mother of our subject was a sis- 
ter of Ferdinand Sautermeister, deceased, a 
long resident citizen of Newark. She died 
in 1895, leaving four children. 

Mr. Keer, our sul)ject, has spent his en- 
tire life in Newark. The public and the 
German schools of the city afforded him his 
preliminary educational privilege and his 
collegiate course was pursued in the Uni- 
versity of the City of New York, in which 
institution he was graduated in 1892 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws. The fol- 
lowing year he was admitted to the New 
Jersey bar as an attorney at law, and in 1896 
as a counselor at law. For five years he has 
been actively engaged in practice here. His 
success in a professional way affords the 
best evidence of his capabilities in this line. 
His knowledge of the law is accurate and 
comprehensive, and the success he has won 
is the result of earnest effort, without which 
there is no advancement in this most exact- 
ing of all the professions. 

In his political views ]\Ir. Keer is a Dem- 
ocrat and is well informed on the issues of 
the day, thus giving to his party an intelli- 
gent and effective support. His genial 
manner and courteous disposition make 
him a popular favorite. 



ASA WHITEHEAD, 

one of the prominent lawyers and public- 
spirited citizens of Newark, was a native of 
Essex county, where he was born in 1793, 
and there spent the early years of his life 
upon a farm owned and occupied by his 



father, Silas Whitehead. Subsequently he 
took up the study of law in the office of 
Hon. Theodore Frelinghuvsen, at Newark, 
and in 1818 was admitted to the bar. His 
father, who at that time was clerk of the 
county of Essex, died the following year, 
and the son was commissioned by the gov- 
ernor to fill the vacancy. At the meeting 
of the legislature in 18 19 he was regularly 
appointed clerk, and, being reappointed in 
1824, such was his popularity- that he was 
the incumbent of that position for the fol- 
lowing ten years. Upon retiring from the 
clerkship, he devoted his entire time and 
energies to the active practice of his pro- 
fession, and his superior ability being quick- 
ly recognized he soon took rank as a ju- 
dicious counselor and a wise advocate. 

William Silas Whitehead, son of Hon. 
Asa Whitehead, was born in Newark, New 
Jersey, on the 3d of March, 1829, and after 
completing his preliminary literary studies 
he entered the College of New Jersey, at 
Princeton, and was graduated at that insti- 
tution in 1847. He continued his legal 
studies in the office of his father, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1850, immediately 
after which he began the active work of 
practice in Newark, and met with distinct 
success in that line of endeavor. In 1872 
he formed a professional partnership with 
Albert P. Condit under the firm name of 
Whitehead & Condit, and this association 
has been continued with a high degree of 
success. In his political faith Mr. White- 
head is a stanch Republican, and in 1859 
he was elected surrogate of Essex county, 
holding that office for a period of five 
years, and he is regarded as a lawyer of pro- 
found and extensive learning, his reputation 
extending throughout the state of New Jer- 
sey. For many years he has been prom- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



H3 



inently affiliated with the Masonic frater- 
nity and for several terms he was grand 
master of the state. 



WILLIAM WHITNEY AMES, 

one of the younger members of tlie New 
Jersey bar, was born in Rockville, Con- 
necticut, on the 30th day of July, 1866. His 
ancestors, both paternal and maternal, were 
among the earliest settlers in New Eng- 
land, of pure English and Scotch blood, 
and there were in the Ames family several 
distinguished lawyers in Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island. Mr. Ames' father. Charles 
Fisher Ames, was born in Rhode Island, 
and has spent his whole life in the manu- 
facture of cotton goods. In March, 1865. 
he married Ellen L. Goodell, an older sis- 
ter of Edwin B. Goodell, now of Mont- 
clair. 

William W. Ames spent his childhood 
and youth in his native city and acquired 
his early education in its public schools. 
He graduated in the high school of that 
place in 1883, and during the next year 
worked in the factories of Rockville, as a 
clerk, and as a woolen weaver. He also 
spent one year in teaching a public school. 
In the autunui of 1885 he entered Yale 
College, and immediately after his gradu- 
ation, in 1889, came to Montclair, New Jer- 
sey, where he entered the law office of 
Edwin B. Goodell. In 1892 he was ad- 
mitted to the bar and immediately entered 
upon the practice of his profession. 

In 1892 Mr. Ames was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Hattie O. Hunt, of Hartford, 
Connecticut, a daughter of Milo Hunt. She 
is a graduate of the high school of Hartford, 
and is a lady of natural culture and refine- 
ment, who presides with grace over their 



hospitable home. They have two children, 
a daughter, born in 1895, and a son in 1897. 
In his political views Mr. Ames is inde- 
pendent, giving his support to the candi- 
dates who, in his judgment, are best quali- 
fied for office, without regard to party ties. 
Since 1896 he has filled the office of record- 
er for the town of Montclair. He is a 
popular and valued member of the Mont- 
clair and Athletic Clubs, and is a genial, 
pleasant gentleman, having a host of warm 
friends in the community. 



HERMAN C. H. HEROLD 

was born in New York city, j\Iarch 4, 1854, 
educated in the public schools of Newark, 
and is a graduate of the high school. In 
1878 he received his degree of M. D. from 
the Bellevue Hospital Medical College, and 
during the same year began the practice of 
medicine in Newark, New Jersey. He is 
visiting surgeon to St. Michael's Hospital, 
and surgeon of the Fifth Regiment, Na- 
tional Guards, state of New Jersey. 



SAMUEL EDMUND BLAIR, 

one of the progressive and representative 
farmers of Essex county, was born in 
Franklin, New Jersey, on the ist of No- 
vember, 1864, and attended the public 
schools of his native city, but, on account of 
the death of his father, he was unable to 
complete his studies. After leaving school 
he went to Michigan, locating in Kalama- 
zoo, where he followed the carpenter's 
trade, and continued in that occupation at 
Kalamazoo for eight years, at the end of 
which period he came to Essex county, pur- 
chased the old Brown homestead, in i8gi, 
and has .since devoted all his energies to ag- 
ricultural pursuits. 



144 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



James L. Blair, father of uur suljject, was 
l>orn in New Jersey, where he was reared, 
and learned the carpenter's trade in his 
youth, liaving been early in life a cloth fin- 
isher. Upon the outljreak of the civil war 
he enlisted in a New Jersey regiment and 
rendered faithfid service in defending the 
old flag. He married Miss Emma Day, a 
native of New Jersey, in 1863, and two chil- 
dren were born to them. He died in 1879, 
and his wife is still living, in Michigan. 

Samuel E. Blair celebrated his marriage 
on the J/th of November, 1888. when he 
was united to Miss Addie E. Scudder, of 
Kalamazoo, Michigan, a daughter of Theo. 
Scudder. a native of Connecticut, and Sarah 
E. Scudder, who was born in Massachu- 
setts. Of the four ciiildren born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Blair, the three following survive: 
Lewis E., born January 5, 1890, Earl W., 
born on the 18th of March, 1894. and 
Roger W., September 2y, 1897. 

In his political faith Mr. B>lair is a stanch 
Republican, and in his religious adherency 
he is a member of the Dutch Reformed 
church. He is a public-spirited citizen and 
esteemed bv all who know him. 



LOUIS HOOD 

stands to-day among the most able and 
active members of the Essex county bar. 
Endowed by nature with strong powers of 
mentality, trained in the most ach'anced 
educational institutions of our land, he has 
made the most of his opportunities and by 
the force of his character and splendid legal 
qualifications has risen to an enviable posi- 
tion among the legists of the county. He 
maintains his residence in Newark, where 
he has secured an extensive and representa- 
tive clientele. 



Mr. Hood is a nati\'e of Prussia, his birth 
having occurred in the town of Radwouke, 
on the 13th of February, 1857. His par- 
ents, ]\lyer S. and Ernestine (Samuel) 
Hood, determining to try to seek a home in 
America, bade adieu to their native land in 
1866 and with their family crossed the At- 
lantic to the New World. Landing in New 
York city, they remained in the metropolis 
for a short time and then retnoved to New- 
ark, in 1869. The father has devoted the 
greater jjart of his life to educational work 
and for a number of years has been super- 
intendent of the Hebrew Free School, of 
Newark. He is a man of scholarly attain- 
ments and broad humanitarian principles, 
his energies being given to the benefit and 
ad\'ancement oi his fellowmen. 

When a child of nine years Louis Hood 
accompanied his parents on their removal 
to this country, and since 1869 has been a 
resident of Newark. His elementary edu- 
cation, acquired in the public schools, was 
supplemented by a course in the high 
school of this city, in which institution he 
was graduated with the class of 1874. He 
afterward matriculated in Yale College and 
was graduated in 1878. With a broad 
general and classical knowledge to serve as 
a foundation up<jn which to rear the super- 
structure of professional education, he next 
entered the Columbia Law School, where 
he was graduated in 1880. and in order 
more thoroughh' to prepare himself for the 
law he pursued a post-graduate course in 
the science of jurisprudence in Yale Col- 
lege, in which institution he was graduated 
in 1882. 

In November of that year Mr. Hood was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey, as an 
attorney, and in 1885 as a counselor. By 
appointment he held the position of police 



'^ 



ES^^EX COUNTY. 



145 



justice during the year 1884. and in 1888 
was appointed assistant prosecutor of pleas, 
a position in which he lias since rendered 
service of recognized value. He prepares 
his cases with the utmost care and precis- 
ion and allows no point to escape him: in 
the presentation of his cases he is forceful. 
earnest and logical, basing his argument 
upon a clear statement of the facts and the 
law applicable to them. He has carried his 
researches far and wide into the realms of 
jurisprudence and his legal lore is compre- 
hensi\-e and accurate. In the court-room 
he has achieved many notable forensic vic- 
tories, and as a result has gained a large 
clientage. 

In his political relations 'Mv. Hood is a 
Democrat who earnestly advocates the 
cause of his party, but has never sought 
office rjther than that in connection with 
his profession. Fraternally he is a Master 
Mason, and in social circles has most pleas- 
ant relations. 



EUGENE J. MARuUET, 

of Orange, is a leading representati\-e of the 
manufacturing interests of Essex county 
and one of the ablest and best known busi- 
ness men of the city in which he makes his 
home. Tireless energy, keen perception, 
honesty of purpose, genius for devising and 
executing the right thing at the right time, 
joined to every-day common sense, are the 
chief characteristics of the man and have 
brought to him a success which is well mer- 
ited. 

Mr. Marquet was born in Newark, on the 
loth of January, 1851, and is a son of John 
B. and Theresa Marquet. He was an in- 
fant when his mother died. He acquired 
his education in the public schools of his 
ii— 10 



nati\e citv. and on completing his training 
in that direction began to learn the busi- 
ness of manufacturing paper boxes, which 
has been his life occupation. His father 
carried on that lousiness in Newark, estab- 
lishing there a manufactory on a small scale, 
but his success was rapid and immediate. 
His trade steadily increased and he was 
constantly forced to enlarge his facilities to 
meet the growing demand, .\fter a time 
he admitted to a partnership jn the business 
his two sons, under the firm name of J. B. 
Marquet & Sons, and in 189J the J. B. Mar- 
quet Company was organized. 

Mr. Marcpiet, whose name introduces 
this article, continued his connection with 
the factory in Newark until 1891, when he 
removed to Orange and established the fac- 
tory at this point. It has since attained ex- 
tensive proportions, being now one of the 
largest in Essex county. Our subject com- 
pletely mastered the business in every de- 
tail, and is therefore very capable of direct- 
ing those under his control. His business 
relations with his employees are always 
pleasant, for he is ever fair and courteous in 
his treatment of them; and his patrons en- 
tertain for him the highest regard, for he is 
most reliable in all his dealings and justly 
merits their confidence and good will. His 
business has now assumed extensive pro- 
portions and is a paying investment which 
brings to him individually a good return 
and at the same time promotes the com- 
mercial activity of the town. In Decem- 
ber. 1897, Mr. Marquet purchased the ma- 
chinery and all appurtenances of the Wake- 
field Box Manufacturing Company in the 
< )range valley, where he now conducts his 
entire business. 

Mr. Marquet was united in marriage in 
Newark, June 16, 1879, to Miss Susan 



146 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Totanis. a nati\e of Andencourt, France. 
They now ha\e one son, Frederick Ernest, 
who was Ijorn July 14. 1886. In his poHt- 
ical views Mv. ]\Iarquet is a Democrat and 
he and his family attentl the Congregation- 
al church. 



JOSEPH NATHANIEL TUTTLE, 

deceased, was born in Newark, New Jersey, 
January i, 1810. His father, William Tut- 
tle, was a lineal descendant of William Tut- 
tle, who, at the age of twenty-six years, 
landed in Boston (April 2, 1635); and his 
mother was Hannah (Camp) Tuttle, a de- 
scendant of ^^'illiam Camp, who, in 1666, 
remoxed from Branford, Connecticut, be- 
coming one of the founders of the town of 
Newark, New Jersey. The eighth in the de- 
scending line of the American progenitors 
whose name he bears, he can look back 
upon an ancestry, paternal as well as mater- 
nal, of whom history makes honorable 
mention. The first and second of his 
American forefathers, \\'illiam and Joseph 
Tuttle, ne\er removed from Connecticut, 
but the third. Stephen, left his native place 
and settled in Woodbridge, New Jersey, 
where, according to the Newark "Town's 
Records." he became a man of mark and 
a public officer. The fourth, Timothy, who 
was born in Woodbridge, removed in early 
life to Newark, and for many years was 
prominent in its township aftairs. Toward 
the close of his life he went to Hanover, 
Morris county. New Jersey, and there 
served for several years as a magistrate. 
The fifth. Daniel, was the father of fifteen 
children, and. together with five of his sons, 
did good service in the Continental army 
during the Revolutionary war. The sixth, 
Joseph, was a successful man in business 



until public office was conferred upon him, 
when, his business becoming necessarily 
neglected, he lost everxthing, and, to add 
to his discomfort, became a cripple. Being, 
howe\er, a man of great energy, he re- 
trieved his fortune to some extent before 
his death. The seventh, William Tuttle, 
father of the subject of this sketch, was 
l.)orn in New \'ernc)n. [Morris county. New 
Jersey, and at an early age removed 
to Newark, in the same state, where he 
learned the printing business, and for many 
years was the proprietor and editor of 
the Sentinel of Freedom. He was a man 
remarkalile for his pietv and his benev- 
olence, and during his latter years de- 
\'Oted much of his time and income to 
works of charity and love. The story of his 
exemplary life was written by President 
Tuttle, of Wabash College, and was pub- 
lished by Carter & Brothers, of New York. 
He married, as has already been intimated, 
Hannah Camp, daughter of Nathaniel 
Camp, and great-granddaughter of Wil- 
liam Camp, mentioned above as one of 
Newark's earliest settlers. 

With a preparatory education far beyond 
what was required, yoinig Joseph N. Tuttle 
entered the sophomore class of the College 
of New Jersey, at Princeton, in 1823, after 
the collegiate year had half expired, and 
was graduated at that institution in 1827. 
Soon afterward he became a student in the 
law office of Joseph C. Hornblower, subse- 
quently chief justice of New Jersey, and in 
183 1 was admitted to the bar. Opening 
an office in Newark, he continued to prac- 
tice in the \-arious courts of common law. 
both of the county and state, until 1842, 
when his business in the court of chancery, 
together with the management of various 
important private trusts, began to occupy 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



147 



so much of Iiis time that he gradually with- 
drew from his common-law practice and 
gave his whole attention to this branch of 
his profession. Finally, in 1863, he with- 
drew entirely from the courts, in order to 
assume, without any impediments, the du- 
ties of treasurer of the Howard Savings In- 
stitution, a position which he retained until 
his death. 

In early life Mr. Tuttle became promi- 
nent in political matters as a member of the 
old Whig party. In 1835, when only twen- 
ty-five years of age, he was elected a mem- 
ber of the general assembly, and was then 
the sole representative in the legislature 
of Newark, Elizabethtow-n and Paterson. 
In 1836 and 1837 he was re-elected a mem- 
ber of the legislature. While he was in this 
position the government of Newark was in 
the hands of a town committee, and Mr. 
Tuttle, being its clerk, had every oppor- 
tunity to study the wants and interests of 
this now thriving town. Convinced that 
its growth and prosperity would be greatly 
promoted by giving to it corporate powers, 
he assisted materially in preparing a suit- 
able charter, and one of his first acts as a 
member of the assembly was to introduce 
it and to secure its passage. At the first 
election under this charter, held on the sec- 
ond Monday of April, 1836, William Hal- 
sey was elected mayor, and at an early 
meeting of the connnon council. Joseph N. 
Tuttle was elected clerk, which office he 
held until 1844. In 1843 he was elected an 
alderman of the west wartl, and was also 
president of the common council during 
that year. At the expiration of his term 
of office he retired from politics, and de- 
voted all his time to the duties of his pro- 
fession, which were then becoming more 
and more onerous. 



At the cM-ganization of the Howard Sav- 
ings Institution Mr. Tuttle became one of 
its directors and its vice-president, an of- 
fice which he held until he assumed that of 
treasurer. In 1840 he was elected a direc- 
tor of the National Newark Banking Com- 
l^any, and was for eight years its notary. 
The Newark Foster Home is largely in- 
debted to him for its establishment, and 
after 1848 he Ijecame one of its trustees and 
earnest supporters. He was one of the cor- 
porators of the Fairmount Cemetery, and 
for many years one of its managers. As a 
director of the Newark Library Associa- 
tion, as well as chairman of the finance 
■ committee of the New Jersey Historical So- 
ciety, he was active and useful : but nowhere 
did he render more hearty service than in 
the old First Presbyterian church of New- 
ark, of which he was for many years the old- 
est living elder, occupying the same pew in 
which his fathers had successively for three 
generations sat and worshiped God. 



CHARLES JOHN KIPP 

was born in Hanover, Germany, October 
22, 1838. His preparatory education was 
obtained in his native place. In New York 
city he studied medicine, and was grad- 
uated at the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons in 1861. In that city he settled for a 
short time, and then, in 1869, removed to 
Newark, New Jersey, where he has since 
resided. 

Soon after graduating Dr. Kipp volun- 
teered his services in defense of the Union, 
and in 1861 was appointed surgeon to the 
Fifth New York State National Guards; in 
1862 assistant surgeon of the Third Battal- 
ion, New York Artillery; May, 1863, as- 
sistant surgeon of United States volunteers; 



148 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Marcli. 1864. surgeon of United States vol- 
unteers: in March. i8f)5, he was hrevetted 
lieutenant-colonel for faithful and meritor- 
ious services during the war. He served 
in the field until 1863, and performed hos- 
pital duty after that at Nashville, Tennes- 
see, at Indianapolis, Indiana, and was chief 
of the United States Board of Inspectors of 
Recruits, etc., at the general rendezvous of 
the state of Indiana. He also held the posi- 
tion of medical director of the Freedmen's 
Bureau of that state from August, 1865, to 
Februar3^ 1868. 

Dr. Kipp is a member of the Oi)hthal- 
mological Congress, corresponding secre- 
tary of the International Otological Society, 
a member of the American Ophthalmologi- 
cal, American Otological, New York Oph- 
thalmological and New York Pathological 
Societies. In 1875 he was elected president 
of the German Hospital Medical Associa- 
tion, and in 1876 was a delegate to the In- 
ternational Medical Congress held in Phila- 
delphia. He was elected president of the 
Essex County Medical Society in 1880. 
vice-president of the Medical Society of 
New Jersey in 1883, and is a member of the 
Council of Alumni Associations of Colum- 
bia College. 

In addition to his private practice, which 
is very large, he is now giving much time 
as surgeon to the Newark Charitable Eye 
and Ear Infirmary, and as ophthalmic sur- 
geon to the German Hospital and Foster 
Home, in the city of Newark. Besides the 
contributions which he is now frecjuently 
making to medical literature as one of the 
editors of the Archives of Otology (the only 
journal for ear diseases in America), he has 
Avritten many valuable papers, which may 
be found in the "Medical and Surgical His- 
tory of the Rebellion," the "Transactions 



of the Medical Society of New Jersey," and 
the proceedings of other medical and scien- 
tific bodies of which he is a member. 



HIRAM H. TICHENOR 

was born in Newark. New Jersey, August 
7, 1828. His preliminary education having 
been obtained in his native place, he en- 
tered the University of the Citv of New 
York, where he continued the preparation 
so essential to the profession he bail re- 
solved to adopt. In the medical depart- 
ment of that institution he was graduated 
in 1854; but while connected with the col- 
lege, and a participant in all the advantages 
afforded by its lectures and clinics, he was 
also attached, as a student, to the assisting 
stafY of Professor Gunning S. Bedford, as 
well as to that of Professor \'alentine Mott, 
and from both of these eminent gentlemen 
received honorary diplomas. To become 
still more proficient in his studies, he at- 
tended the medical school of Dr. P. A. 
Aylett, of tlie New York Medical Institute, 
and was graduated at that institution. Af- 
ter this thorough preparation for the work 
of his profession, he established himself in 
Newark, as a medical practitioner, and for 
over thirty years, with very few interrup- 
tions, discharged faithfully the duties of a 
physician and surgeon. Desirous of doing 
his part in advancing the interests of his 
profession, he became, at the commence- 
ment of his medical life, a member of the 
Essex District Medical Society, and was 
an active and prominent participant in all 
its proceedings; for several years he was its 
secretary. He was a member of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, and was also con- 
nected with the Essex Medical Union as 
long as it had an existence. In 1867 he was 



ESSEX COUNTY 



149 



a delegate to the New Jersey State Medical 
Society. 

Since he first began the work which he 
has so industriously pursued. Dr. Tichenor 
seemed to feel the importance of taking a 
part, as far as possible, in whatever ap- 
peared to him to be of permanent advan- 
tage to his fellows. Being, to a great ex- 
tent, a self-made man himself, he sympa- 
thized quite naturally with those who, as 
he imagined, had to struggle painfully in 
their efforts to become useful to themselves 
and others; and thus it happened that he 
took so warm an interest in public educa- 
tion. Of the schools of Newark, and es- 
pecially of the high school, he was always 
the ready and well-armed champion, and 
with both tongue and pen stoutly defended 
it against the assaults of those who, for sel- 
fish reasons, would limit public instruction 
to the lowest grades of human knowledge. 
For him the high school was an idol, and 
his yearly prizes for the best rhetorical work 
performed by its pupils did much to enkin- 
dle a love for the highest and purest styles 
of writing. With a purpose quite as laud- 
able, he always took an interest in the meet- 
ings of the Board of Trade, of which he was 
a member, and, when the establishment of 
one or two additional savings institutions 
in the city of Newark seemed to be of the 
utmost importance, he very promptly ac- 
corded the use of his name and influence, 
and was elected one of the directors of the 
Security Savings Institution. Offices of 
every kind, and especially of a public or 
financial character, he always eschewed, ex- 
ceot in the instance above named. 

As almost every man will, outside of his 
daily pursuits, find some favorite object 
which may serve to give recreation, so it 
was with Dr. Tichenor. His hobby was art. 



as it is displa_\ed by the Ijrush or pencil. He 
was not a painter himself, but a profound 
admirer of the masterpieces of others. To 
^•isit picture galleries was his diversion, and 
to talk over his favorite artists, tell their 
good and bad points, discuss their touches 
and enumerate their various ciualities, was 
medicine w hich he found good for himself, 
and which he prescribed without fee to 
everybody. The collection of paintings left 
by Dr. Tichenor contains many which he 
selected himself in Europe. 

The death of Dr. Tichenor was a loss not 
only to his immediate family and his large 
clientele, but also to the city, for in him 
passed awa}- a warm friend of advance 
movements, a man of public spirit and wide 



JAMES JAY MA PES. 

Professor James Mapes was Ijorn in New 
York, May 29, 1806. Plis father, Jonas 
Mapes, was a major-general in command of 
the New York state forces in and around 
New York in the year 181 2. His grand- 
father, James Mapes, born in 1744, at 
Smithtown, Long Island, near New York, 
was a farmer. Nearly all his ancestors on 
his father's side were farmers on Long Is- 
land, back to 1640, when Thomas Mapes 
came from England and settled at South- 
old, SulTolk county. Long Island. In 
Thompson's "History of Long Island" 
(1839), Thomas Mapes is referred to as one 
of the seven leading colonists, who, in com- 
pany with Rev. John Young, came from 
England, via New Haven, and founded at 
Southold the first settlement on Long Is- 
land. 

At the age of twenty-one he married a 
Long Island lady, Sophia Furman, two 
vears his junior, daughter of the late judge 



ISO 



E88EX COUXTY. 



Garret Furman, of ]\Iaspeth, Long Island. 
Much of the professor's success in life, as 
well as that of his children, is due to the 
sterling qualities of his wife and life-long 
companion. 

In early youth he evinced a mind of great 
activity and invention; in fact, he may be 
said to have been born a chemist, having, 
among other experiments, manufactured il- 
luminating gas when but eight years of age, 
when gas was but little known. When only 
seventeen years of age he delivered a full 
course of lectures in New York on "Mili- 
tary Tactics." 

Throughout his life he retained his inter- 
est in military matters. There remain with 
the family a handsome sword and large sil- 
ver salver, presented to him respectively by 
his company and regiment, in token of their 
esteem for him as captain and colonel. 
When about eleven years of age he was a 
pupil in the classical school of Timothy 
Clowes, LL. D., at Hempstead, Long Is- 
land, and remained there a few years, dur- 
ing which time he resided in the family of 
the distinguished William Cobbett. 

As an analytical chemist Professor Mapes 
had few superiors. His analyses of beer, 
made at the request of the senate of New 
York, and beer ami wines, for the temper- 
ance societies, are regarded as standard ex- 
periments. He was the first manufacturer 
of epsoni salts from the hydrobisilicate of 
magnesia, and the author of many im- 
provements in distilling, dyeing, tempering 
steel, color manufacturing, etc. In 1832 he 
invented a new system of sugar refining, 
many features of which are still in general 
use. He subsequently invented an appa- 
ratus for manufacturing sugar from the 
cane, which is now extensively used in 
manv of the southern states and the West 



India islands. He was the inventor of a 
plan for the manufacture of sugar from 
^^'est India molasses, which has long been 
in use in nearlv every state in the Union. 
He also in\-ented a tanning leather and 
centrifugal machine for separating molasses 
from sugar, and other very valuable pro- 
cesses and machines. 

Soon after the organization of the Na- 
tional Academy of Design of New York he 
was appointed professor of chemistry and 
natural philosophy to that institution. Sub- 
sequently he was appointed professor of 
chemistry anil natural philosophy to the 
American Institute. In 1844 he was elected 
president of the ^Mechanics' Institute of 
New York. He also held the position of 
A'ice-president of the American Institute, 
with which he had been actively connected 
for at least twenty-five years. The night 
schools, under the same and kindred insti- 
tutions, were mainly the work of the Pro- 
fessor. It was really the forerunner of tlie 
work of such noble institutions as the 
Cooper Institute, Museum of Art and oth- 
ers. 

His success as a student of natural his- 
tory was very great, and, some of his ar- 
ticles attracting attention, he was made a 
permanent member of the New York Ly- 
ceum of Natural History, and of the Na- 
tional Institute at \^'ashington, D. C, and 
an honorary member of the Scientific In- 
stitute of Brussels, Royal Society of St. 
Petersburg, Geographical Society of Paris, 
Artists' Fund Society of Philadelphia, and 
of many of the horticultural and agricul- 
tural societies of Europe and America; 
while one of our state universities (Williams 
College, Massachusetts), conferred on him 
the degree of LL. D. He had begun as 
early as 1842 to attract some attention as 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



i=;i 



a chemist, particularly by Iiis analysis, in a 
report to the New York state senate, of 
beer and Avines. above referred to, l)Ut still 
more by his able papers on scientific sub- 
jects published in the American Repertory 
of Arts, Sciences and Manufactures, of 
which he was the founder and etlitor. The 
four volumes edited by him are to-day fre- 
([uently quoted as a standard authority of 
the current progress of practical science. 

Shortly after changing his residence to 
Newark Professor JVIapes organized the 
Franklin Institute in that city, and was its 
first lecturer. 

He was one of the first men in the coun- 
try to advocate a department of agriculture 
in the general government, the head of 
which should be a cabinet officer, holding 
equal rank with the other secretaries of de- 
partments. He was one of the founders of 
the National Agricultural Societv: was one 
of the early promoters of county and state 
agricultural societies, and delivered very 
able addresses before manv of them. In 
July, 1851, he became associate editor of 
the Journal of Agriculture, an aljle semi- 
monthly paper started in Boston under the 
editorial charge of W. S. King, Esq.. of 
i\Ianton, Rhode Island. As a writer he 
was distinguished for terseness, united with 
rare simplicity of style, and he was still 
more remarkable for his conversational 
powers. 

In New Jersey, whither Professor Mapes 
removed in 1847. he is best known as a 
farmer and a teacher of science as applied to 
agriculture. During the last twenty years 
of his life his energies were directed chiefly 
to this work. 

Professor ]\Iapes died Januarv 10, 1866, 
at his residence in New York. At his death 
he was not quite sixty years of age. 



Of the children of Professor Mapes, four 
are living, three daughters — ^Mary Mapes 
Dodge, the writer and the editor of the 
St. Nicholas magazine; Sophy Mapes Tol- 
les, the artist; Catherine T. Bunnell, resid- 
ing in San Francisco; and one son, Charles 
A'. Mapes, familiar to the farmers of New 
Jersey as the originator of the "Mapes 
Coiuplete Manure," and for his contribu- 
tions to the annual reports of the New Jer- 
sev State Board of Asfriculture. 



ISAAC A. NICHOLS 

was born in Newark. New Jersey, on the 
24th of February, 1828. He was a pupil in 
the classical school of Dr. William R. 
\\'eeks, who for so many years maintained 
the reputation of a learned and efficient 
teacher in the city of Newark. In 1846 
young Nichols entered the office of Drs. 
Darcy and Nichols as a student, and there 
enjoyed more than ordinary advantages in 
the necessary preparation for his profession. 
In 1S50 he received his diploma from the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons of New 
York, and at once began the practice of 
medicine as an associate with his recent pre- 
ceptors, whose mantle fell, in a very short 
time, upon his shoulders. 

His rise in his profession was very rapid. 
In 1858 he was appointed health physician 
of the city, and continued to hold this po- 
sition until his death. November 22, 1880. 
In this office he was very active and effi- 
cient, and mainly through his instrumen- 
tality the Newark City Dispensary Avas es- 
tablished. When the Ward United States 
Hospital was located in Newark, he was 
intrusted with its chief management until it 
was placed in the charge of a surgeon of the 
regular army. His industry was so great 



15^ 



ESSEX COUXTY 



that, notwithstanding his growing private 
practice, he found time to discharge his du- 
ties as surgeon of the New Jersey Railroad 
Company and as one of the staff of St. Mi- 
chael's Hospital. In 1873 he was elected 
president of the District Medical Society 
of Essex, wliich position he filled with no- 
ticeable dignity. 

Dr. Nichols was remarkable for his devo- 
tion to his profession. Things not thereto 
appertaining engaged xery little of his at- 
tention, though he was a genial companion 
and a warm-hearted friend. His widow, 
daughter of the late distinguished Anthony 
Dey, and four children survive him. 



JAMES H. BROWX, 

a farmer of Livingston township, and a na- 
tive of Newark, was born on the 9th of 
February, 1840, a son of \\'illiam and Ann 
(Wykes) Brown. \vho were natives of Eng- 
land. About 1837 the father crossed the 
briny deep to the New World and took up 
his residence in Newark, where he remained 
imtil 1844. A\hen he removed to Shorthills, 
and thence to Livingston township in 1858. 
There he purchased a farm of ninety acres, 
the ownership of which is easily ascertain- 
able. The land was first granted to \\'ill- 
iam Muchmore. who sold it to Joseph Wil- 
son, who in tiu-n disposed of it to Henry 
Mcllvaine. The ne.xt owner of the place 
was Patrick Houston, from whom it was 
purchased by William Bro^vn. The father 
continued the culti\'ation and de\eloi:)ment 
of his land until his death, which occurred 
in April, 1874, his \\ife passing awa\- on the 
1st of January, 1879. Their children were 
as follows: Joseph, who left home for the 
war and is supposed to have been killed in 
battle; ^latilda: Salina; Maria; Joseph; 



Alary: Naomi: Ruth; George W., who is 
living in Hilton; Martha, a resident of 
Belleville: and James H. 

The last named spent much of his \'outh 
in Shorthills and attended its pul)lic 
schools, acquiring a good practical educa- 
tion to fit him for life's responsible duties. 
He assisted in the cultivation of the home 
farm and is now the owner of the place, 
which under his careful management and 
active supervision has become one of the 
\-aluable farms of the locality. He has 
made man}- excellent and substantial im- 
provements on the place and has all the 
accessories and con\'eniences of the model 
farm of the nineteenth century. His well 
tilled fields yield abundant har\-ests, and a 
profitable source of income to him is his 
stock-raising, keeping on hand good grades 
of horses, cattle and hogs. 

On the 28th of No\'ember, i860, ]\Ir. 
Brown was married, the lady of his clKiice 
being Miss Catherine Victoria Ayres, who 
was born on the uth of October, 1840, a 
native of Livingston tow'nship and a 
daughter of Andrew (who was of Orange 
count)'. New York), and Nancy (Baldwin) 
Ayres, of this township. Her father died 
on the 1st of ALarcli, 1S50, and her mother, 
whose birth occurred in 1798, died on the 
2d of September, 1889. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Brown have been born the following chil- 
dren : Jennie I^., born May 10, 1862: Anna 
Bell, l)orn December 13, 1863; Grace D., 
born April 28, 1865: Nancy E., born April 
18, 1869: Ivitty M., born May 2, 1873; 
Enniia A., born April 6, 1876; Helen L., 
born February 29, 1880; and Willie H.. 
])orn February 27, 1882. 

Mr. Brown keeps well informed on the 
political issues of the day, and exercises his 
right of franchise in support of the men 





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JAMES H. BROWH 



TH£ 
NEW. YORK 

(PUBLIC LIBRARY j 

Foundalloni, 
1901 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



153 



and measures of the Republican party. He 
hasser\e(l as a member of the township 
committee for tlu'ee }-ears and does all in 
his power to j^romote the growth and in- 
sure the success of his party. He and his 
wife are members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church at Li\-ingston. and are people 
of the highest respectability whose sterling- 
worth has won them the confidence, good 
will and high regard of many friends. 



h:i)\\'.\R]) APEL. 

A native of New York city, h^dward Apel 
Avas born March 19. 1853, and is a son of 
Henry and Mary ( Muecker) Apel. His ma- 
ternal grandparents were natives of Saxony. 
Germany, and after coming to America emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where thev probably 
spent theirlast days. Henry Apel was born 
in the town of Bidebach in the kreis of 
Hirschfeld, in the pro\ince of Hessen, Ger- 
many, where he acquired his education and 
learned the trade of a tailor. In 185 1 he 
crossed the Atlantic to New York city. 
Avhere he followed his trade and conducted 
a successful business until his death, which 
occurred May 23, 1878, at the age of fifty- 
four years, for he was born March 16, 1824. 
His life was well spent and commanded the 
■confidence anrl good will of all.. In New 
York city he married Miss Muecker, and 
they became the parents of three children : 
Edward, of this sketch: Louisa, who was 
born ]\Iarch 18, 1855, and married Chris- 
tian Gilman. by whom she has three chil- 
dren — Henry, Edward and Mamie; and 
Henrietta, wdio was born October 13, 
1864, and is the wife of Edward Behar, a 
resident of Newark, their children being 
Nettie, Henry, Mamie, Edward and Agnes. 
The mother of our subject was born August 



12, 1826, and died January 10, 1884. Like 
her husband, she was a consistent Christian 
of the Protestant faith. 

Edward Apel, who acquired his early ed- 
ucation in the public schools of Newark 
and under private instruction in both Ger- 
man and English, then learned the steam 
and gas fitter's trade, working as a journey- 
man until 1875, when he entered the em- 
ploy of the city, remaining in the govern- 
ment service for a year. He afterward fol- 
lowed various occupations until 1883, when 
he secured a situation with George Brueck- 
ner in the undertaking and embalming busi- 
ness, remaining with him until 1890, when 
he began business on his own account at 
No. 320 Springfield avenue. He has there 
a large establishment and is meeting with 
excellent success. On the ist of Novem- 
ber, 1893, he opened his present office at 
No. 286 Springfield avenue. 

Mr. Apel was married in Newark, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1873. to Teressa Liebhauser, who 
was born April 5, 1853, and was a daughter 
of Christopher and Margaretta (Brickner) 
Liebhauser. She was a consistent Christian 
woman, holding her religious membership 
in St. Marys Catholic church. She died 
August 2, 1895, leaving one daughter, 
Mamie, who was born December 18, 1875. 
Mr. Apel was again married May 9, 1897, 
his second union being with Charlotte 
Lang, a daughter of George and Elizabeth 
(Dieterle) Lang. She holds her ecclesias- 
tical membership in the Presbyterian 
church and is a most' estimable lady. 

Mr. Apel is prominent in several civic 
societies. He belongs to Oriental Lodge, 
No. 244. I. O. O. F. ; Newark Lodge, No. 
21, B. P. O. E., of Newark: Alamo Council, 
No. 1749. Royal Arcanum; Newark City 
Camp. No. 21. Fraternal Legion; and Sago 



154 



ESSEX COUNTY 



Tribe, No. 206, Improved Order of Red 
Men. In politics he is a Democrat of the 
true Jeffersonian t}pe. 



JOHN REMER. 

The family of whom the subject of this bi- 
ography is a memljer came to America orig- 
inally from the river Rhine, Germany, 
where the name was spelled Reimer. The 
grandfather of Mr. Remer was a soldier in 
the war of 1S12 and a grandson of a colonel 
of the New Jersey v(jhmteers in the Conti- 
nental army. 

Jacob F. Remer. the father of John, was 
born at Long Hill, near Springfield, New 
Jersey, in 1800, and spent several years of 
his life in the state of New York, but about 
1830 he came to Newark and near the time 
the city was chartered, in 1836, he em- 
barked in the grocery business in this place, 
which he conducted mitil the early '60s, 
when he engaged in the saddlery and har- 
ness business. He built the house in which 
our subject was liorn — the old building 
which is still standing next to the postof- 
frce in Academy street. Mr. J. F. Remer 
was married in New Brunswick, New Jer- 
sey, toMartha, daughter of Elias I. Thomp- 
son, a descendant of English pioneers who 
settled in Elizabethtown. He died in 1885, 
survived by his wife until 1892, when she 
was called to her eternal rest, at the ven- 
erable age of eighty-one years. Of their 
four sons and three daughters, our subject 
was the fourth in order of birth. 

John Remer was born in Essex county. 
New Jersey, on the i8th of July, 1846, and 
attended school until sixteen years old, 
when,. the needs of his country appealing 
to him and being imbued with the patriotic 
spirit that possessed his ancestors, he an- 



swered the call for volunteers to assist in 
supporting the Union and enlisted in Com- 
pany B, Eleventh New Jersey .Infantry, in 
July, 1862. and served his country faithfully 
and efficiently for three years. The regi- 
ment went from Trenton into camp at Ar- 
lington Heights, Washington, D. C, and 
from there to the vicinity of Fairfax Court 
House, and Fredericksburg, Virginia, sub- 
seciuently engaging in its first battle at 
Chancellorsville. On account of illness Mr. 
Remer was detailed to duty in the medical 
director's office and was absent from his 
command until January, 1865, when he re- 
turned to the regiment and was immedi- 
ately transferred to the Veteran Reserve 
Corps, as a detail, with which he endeil his 
services. 

lie was mustered out in July, 1865, at 
I'hiladelphia, Pennsylvania, and soon there- 
after was clerking for his father, who was 
engaged in the saddlery and hardware busi- 
ness in Mechanic street. In 1866 he en- 
tered the employ of the Morris & Essex 
Railroad Company as a clerk in the freight 
office, and such was his industry and ability 
that in two years he was promoted to the 
agency of the company at this place. The 
Ijusiness of the road at this time, as com- 
pared with that of to-day, was infinitely 
small, consisting of only about one-sixth of 
tlie amount accomplished at the present 
time. The Morris & Essex line was ab- 
sorbed by the Delaware, Lackawanna & 
Western Railroad system in 18G9, and Mr. 
Remer has been continuously in its employ 
since it was chartered. He has always dis- 
charged the duties incumbent upon his po- 
sition with fidelity, circumspection and en- 
ergy, and has won the confidence and re- 
spect of all with whom he is associated. He 
is interested in several other business enter- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



155 



prises, among which he is treasurer of the 
New Jersey Adamant Manufacturing Com- 
pany. 

Socially he is a member of Damascus 
Commandery No. 5. K. T., Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and the Legion of Honor, 
and in religious matters he is a trustee of 
the First Presbyterian church, to which he 
renders liberal support. 



ALBERT F. PIERSON. 

Li tracing the genealogy of the Pierson 
family we find that its members have been 
conspicuously identified with the earliest 
history of New Jersey, and down to the 
])resent day representatives of the name 
ha\'e been prominently associated with the 
professional and commercial interests of the 
state. Thomas Pierson, Sr., and his broth- 
er, Rev. Abraham Pierson, are the first an- 
cestors of whom any record can be found. 
In the histories concerning the settlement 
of Newark, published at various periods, 
there is mention made of Thomas Pierson, 
Sr., as being "a near relative, possibly a 
nephew or brother, of Rev. Abraham Pier- 
son." On page 262 of the "Branford An- 
nals," published by the New Haven His- 
torical Society, is found the following rec- 
ord : "November 27, 1GG2, Abigail Pierson, 
daughter of Rev. Abraham, was married to 
John Davenport, son of Rev. John. * * 
* * * On the same day Thomas Pier- 
son, brother of Rev. Abraham, married 
Maria Harrison, daughter of Ricliard." 

Thomas Pierson, Sr., came to Newark 
with the Branford settlers in 1666, and was 
one of the signers of the "Fundamental 
Agreement." In the first division of land 
he had for his home lot "six acres, bounded 
with the Common west, the High east, and 



the rear of other lots, together with Benja- 
min Baldwin, north." This property ex- 
tended from what is now High street to 
Brick Lane. He was one of the first set- 
tlers, if not the first, of Watsessing, now 
Bloomfield. As appears by the records of 
1676, "he hath another parcel of land on 
both sides of the Second River, containing 
20 acres in length. He hath another parcel 
of land, containing eighteen acres, lying 
upon Watsessing Hill, bounded on the 
south by Daniel Dodd, on the north by 
Benjamin Baldwin, on the east by the plain, 
and on the west by the Brook." He also 
had a tract of land in Watsessing, acquired 
by patent from Governor Carteret, as ap- 
pears by the following: "Thomas Pier- 
son, in November, 1690, conveyed for 
thirteen pounds to Daniel Roonros and 
Jasper Nessepot, both merchants of 
New York, all his rieht, title and 
interest in a certain parcel of upland, con- 
taining 20 acres, lying by the second River; 
bounded east, west, north and south by land 
unsurveyed, according to my Patent, 
granted by Governor Carteret, bearing date 
loth July, 1679." In a work called "Early 
Roads." mention is made of a "third going 
over," supposed to indicate a third crossing 
or ford of Second river, on Thomas Pier- 
son's land, about 1678. That he erected a 
house and located in this neighborhood is 
shown by the fact that Thomas Pierson's 
"fence" below Watsessing hill is mentioned 
in the records as early as 1695. The busi- 
ness of Thomas Pierson is indicated in an 
item which appeared in tlie Newark Rec- 
ords of March 19, 1673 : "It is also agreed 
that the weavers, Thomas Pierson and Ben- 
jamin Baldwin, shall be considered by the 
surveyors to make out their lots on the Hill 
shorter." In his will, dated 1698, the 



1S6 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



names of his children are crix'en. as follows: 
Samuel, Thomas, Hannah. Abigail. Eliza- 
betli and Mary. The last named liad one 
son, Sam Lyon. 

Of this family Samuel Pierson, the eldest 
son of Thomas and Maria (Harrison) Pier- 
son, was born in Branford, Connecticut, in 
1663, and was brought by his parents to 
Newark when but tliree years of age, 
Avhence lie doubtless removed with the fam- 
ily to Watsessing some years later. It is 
said that he was a carpenter by trade, but he 
turned his attention to farming and took 
up a tract of land between the First and 
Second mountains, being one of the first 
settlers there. His name is lirst mentioned 
as one of the organizers of the Mountain 
Society. When a purchase of twenty acres 
of land was made for a glebe, January 13, 
17 19, the grant was made to Samuel Free- 
man, Samuel Pierson, Matthew Williams 
and Samuel Wheeler. ]\lr. Pierson was a 
deacon and a leading member of the new or- 
ganization. He died March ig, 1730, and 
was buried in the "old graveyard." He wed- 
ded Mary Harrison, daughter of his uncle. 
Sergeant Richard Harrison, and his children 
were: Joseph, born in 1693: Samuel, born 
in 1698; James, who was born in 1703 and 
died in 1777, leaving two sons, Moses and 
Daniel, the latter known as Judge Daniel; 
Caleb, Jemima and Mary Hannah. 

Dr. William Pierson, Sr., the eldest son 
of Dr. Isaac and Nancy (Crane) Pierson, 
was born in Orange, December 4, 1796. 
His preparatory studies were pursued in 
the Orange Academy, and he was gradu- 
ated at the College of New Jersey, in Prince- 
ton, in 1816. Under the direction of his 
father he began the study of medicine and 
later attended a course of lectures in the 
X'niversitv of Penns\l\ania and at the Col- 



lege of I'hysicians in New York. On the 
comijletion of his course of study, he was 
licensed to practice by the ^Medical Society 
of New Jersey, in 1820, and received from 
that organization his degree of M. D. Later 
he served as its recording secretary for 
thirty _\ears and was one of its most hon- 
ored anil able members. He was thorough- 
Iv dex'oted to his profession and enjoyed a 
very extended patronage, covering a wide 
territory. Public-spirited and progressive, 
he manifested a ileep and commendable in- 
terest in everything pertaining to the public 
welfare and largely advanced the general 
good Ijy his wise counsel and elificient serv- 
ices. In 1837-8 he was a member of the 
state legislature of New Jersey, was a di- 
rector of the board of freeholders, sheriff 
of Essex county from 1846 to 1850, and was 
also prominently connected with various 
commercial interests which largely pro- 
moted the public welfare as well as ad- 
\'ance<l his indi\i<lual prosperity. He was 
instrumental in the promotion and con- 
struction of the Morris & Essex Railroad 
and was one of the incorporators of the 
Newark Savings Institution, ser\-ing as 
its \ice-president for many years. He 
was the original promoter and became 
one of the incorporators of the Rose- 
dale Cemetery, of Orange, in 1840, and 
continued an active trustee until a short 
time before his death, when he resigned. 
When the town of Orange was incor- 
porated, he was elected its first mayor 
and ser\-ed continuously in that office 
for three vears. On his retirement from 
that position he served for three years 
as a member of the common council. 
He was very prompt and faithful in the 
discharge of his public duties and his name 
was inseparably connected with the best 



ESSEX rorxTY 



157 



development of the county. Dr. Pierson 
married ]\liss Margaret Hillyer. a daughter 
of Rev. Asa Hillyer, D. D., who for many 
years was pastor of the First Presbyterian 
church of Orange. Their children were 
Jane Riker, Anne. William, Edward Dick- 
son and Margaret Riker. 

Rev. Albert Pierson. the father of our 
subject, was the second son of Dr. Isaac 
Pierson, and was born in Orange. New 
Jersey, December 17, 1798. He acquired 
his preliminary education in the (grange 
Academy, and when fifteen years of age 
matriculated in the junior class of Prince- 
ton College, where he was graduated in 
1816. He was one of four who divided the 
first honors of his class and was a man of 
scholarly tastes and attainments, who left 
the deep impress of his individuality upon 
the mental culture of Essex county. In 
early life he determined to engage in the 
practice of law, and as late as 1820 was still 
a student in the office of Air. Frelinghuysen, 
of Newark, but soon afterward he resolved 
to abandon the law for the ministry, and 
1:)ecame a teacher and theological student in 
the Bloomfield Academy, of which institu- 
tion Dr. Amzi Armstrong was then presi- 
dent. In Mav, 1824, ]\lr, Pierson was ap- 
pointed professor of languages by the 
Presbyterian Education Society, and two 
years later was made principal of the 
academy. On the 7th of April, 1827. in 
Bloomfield, Rev. Pierson and ]\Iiss Jane 
Armstrong, daughter of Rev. Amzi Arm- 
strong, were united in marriage by the 
Rev. Mr. Judd, and in December of 
that year Rev. Pierson united, by let- 
ter, with the PVesbyterian church of Bloom- 
field, having made a public profession 
of his faith in the Presbyterian church 
of Orange in 182 1. He made many pleas- 



ant friendships, of lifelong duration, in the 
years which he spent in Bloomfield. He 
continued his connection with the Bloom- 
field Academy until the spring of 183 1, 
when he resigned and removed to Or- 
ange, where he was engaged in teach- 
ing, witli brief periods of change, until 
near the close of his life. He was verj- suc- 
cessful in his educational work, and won 
the esteem of his pupils by his learning and 
unassuming dignity. Although a man of 
positi\'e convictions in religion and poli- 
tics, and extremely conscientious in all the 
relations of life, he was liberal in his views 
and charitable in his judgment of others. 
He passed away June 10. 1864. His chil- 
dren were William Hugh; Frances J.; Sarah 
R.. who became the wife of Jacob L. Hal- 
sey ; Rev. George and Albert F. 

Rev. George Pierson, another son of Dr. 
Isaac Pierson, was born in 1805 and died in 
1880. He was a clergyman and was the 
first pastor of the Second Presbyterian or 
"Brick" church of Orange, New Jersey. He 
married Eliza L. Day, a daughter of 
Stephen D. Day, and after her death he 
wedded Caroline Stall. His children were 
Wilson G.. Caroline Elliott, Stephen and 
Sarah Ann, 

In taking up the personal history of Al- 
Ijert F. Pierson, we present to our readers 
the life record of one who has long been 
prominently and honorably connected with 
the business interests of Orange, and who 
bv the faithful discharge of all the duties of 
public and private life, and by his support 
of all measures for the public good, has be- 
come a valued citizen of the community. 
During the civil war he manifested his loy- 
alty to his country by following the stars 
and stripes on the battlefields of the south, 
and in the days of peace the same fidelity 



158 



ESSEX COUNTY 



to all the duties of citizensliip mark his 
pul)lic career. 

Mr. Pierson \vas born in Orange. De- 
cember 19, 1838, his parents being the Rev. 
Albert and Jane (Armstrong) Pierson. He 
acquired his earlv education in the district 
schools and partly under the instruction of 
his father. At the age of seventeen lie re- 
moved to the \^■est. locating in Kendall 
county, Illinois, where he engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits for several years. At the 
outbreak of the Rebellion he enlisted in 
Company K, Twentieth Illinois Infantrv, 
under command of Colonel C. C. Marsh, 
but remained in the service l)ut a short time 
when he was taken ill, his regiment being 
at that time in Missouri. Being totally un- 
fitted for duty, he was granted a furlough 
and returned to Kendall county, Illinois, 
where he suffered a severe illness of six 
months' duration. Through the mediation 
of some friends he was then brought to 
Orange and reported to the government 
authorities on Bedloe's island, in Xew York 
harbor, being finally discharged in Novem- 
ber. 1862. Mr. Pierson then returned to 
his home in Orange, but in June, 1863, 
re-enlisted, in Captain Roberts' independ- 
ent company, of Newark, with which he 
served a short time. 

Again returning home Mr. Pierson en- 
tered upon a business career in connection 
with Mr. Mande\-ille, under the firm name 
of Mande\'ille & Company, dealers in flour 
and feed, with offices and store rooms in 
Willow Hall, Orange. In 1868 Mr. Pier- 
son organized the firm of A. F. Pierson & 
Company, and engaged in the coal and 
wood business, in connection with his other 
enterprise. In 1870 he embarked in the 
sale of masons' materials, as a member of 
the firm of ]\Iatthews & Pierson. Our sub- 



ject continued his connection with these 
various enterprises until 1872. when he 
withdrew from the flour and feed business 
and also sold his interest in the store of 
masons' materials, continuing, however, 
as the senior member of the firm of A. F. 
Pierson & Company in the coal business. 
This enterprise is a very profitable one, ow- 
ing to the extensive patronage which the 
firm receive and which has come to them 
as the result of their honorable dealing 
and their courteous and fair treatment of 
their customers. 

Mr. Pierson was married October 19, 
1876, to Adelaide Decker, a daughter of 
John W. and Maria Louise (Hawes) Deck- 
er. They had two children : Albert H.. 
who is now a student in Princeton College; 
and Alfred, who died at the age of five 
_\ears. The wife and mother passed away 
May 1 1, 1897. She was a consistent mem- 
ber of the Second Presbyterian church of 
East Orange, and her many e.xcellencies of 
character won her the regard and friend- 
ship of all with whom she came in contact. 
'Slw Pierson also belongs to tlie same 
church and contributes liberallv to everv in- 
terest that will advance the moral, educa- 
tional, social or material welfare of the com- 
munity. His political support is given the 
Republican party, but he has had neither 
time nor inclination for public office. His 
attention is given to his business interests, 
in which he has met with signal success. 
Often do we hear it said of those who have 
attained prosperity that they have risen to 
position of affluence through advantageous 
circumstances, and yet to such carping criti- 
cism and lack of appreciation there needs be 
made but the one statement that fortunate 
en\ironments encompass nearlv everv man 
at some stage in his career, but the strong 



ES^EX COUNTY 



159 



man and the successful man is he who 
realizes the intrinsic value of minor as well 
as great opportunities; who stands ready 
to take advantage of circumstances and who 
even molds adverse conditions imtil they 
serve his ends. J\Ir. Pierson has recognized 
the opportunitv for accomplishment when 
it was presented, and to this attribute of his 
character, combined with unfaltering in- 
dustry, may be accredited the gratifying 
success which he has won. 



high rank with the most prominent lawyers 
of the state. 

I\Ir. Pitney is a man of family. He was 
married in 1890, and resides in one of the 
pleasant homes of Newark, 



JOHN O, H. PITXEY. 

Essex county. New Jersey, has its full 
quota of bright, up-to-date legal lights, and 
among the prominent and representative 
members of the bar of this county is found 
the abo\-e named gentleman. 

Mr. Pitney is a native of New Jersey. He 
was born in Morristown, this state, April 
14, i860, son of Henry C. and Sarah L. 
(Halsted) Pitney. 

In his native town j\Ir. Pitney was reared 
and receix'ed his early education. Tlien he 
entered Princeton University, of which fa- 
mous institution he is a graduate with the 
class of 1 88 1, and on his return from col- 
lege he began the study of law in his father's 
ofBce at Morristown. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1884, in June, and in September 
of that year formed a ])artnership with 
Frederick H. Teese, will whom he was as- 
sociated imtil the death of Mr. Teese, in 
January, 1894. Since that date Mr. Pitney 
has practiced alone. He is a young man 
well fitted for his profession both by in- 
herited and acquired ability, his make-up 
including all the qualifications of the first- 
class lawyer, and in consideration of the suc- 
cess he has already attained it is fair to pre- 
sume that he will at no distant dav take 



MICHAEL MAHER. 

Back to stanch old Irish stock does Mr. 
]\Iaher trace his lineage; and that in his 
character abide those sterling equalities 
which ha\e e\er marked the true type of 
the Irish nation is manifest when we come 
to consider the more salient points in his 
life history, which has been one marked by 
persistent industry and unwavering honor, 
— which qualities ha\e eventuated most na- 
turally in securing him a position in the 
respect and esteem of his fellow men. 

He was l:)orn in county Tipperary. Ire- 
land, September 26. 1852, and is a son of 
Jeremiah Henry and Catharine (Griffin) 
]\[aher. He was the third in order of birth 
in a family of four children, namely: Jo- 
hanna, who is married and resides with her 
family in Australia; ]Mary, who is married 
and also li\es in that country: IMichael: and 
Bessie, who is a resident of \\'oonsocket, 
Massachusetts. The father of this family 
died in his native land, and the mother 
passed away in 1894, at an advanced age. 

]\Iichael Maher acquired his education in 
the conmion schools of Ireland, and when 
quite young began learning the black- 
smith's trade under the direction of his 
father and his uncle Jeremiah. When a 
youth of fourteen years he decided to come 
to America, that he might take advantage 
of the better opportunities afiforded here. 
Crossing the Atlantic he landed at New 
York and finally located in Stockbridge. 
^Massachusetts, where he secured employ- 



I Go 



i:ssrx coi s'l'v 



nient at his trade, making that cit)' his 
home until 187 i, \\Iieii lie came to Newark. 
Entering the employ of John Bowne. he 
remained in his serx'ice as a jonrneyman for 
seven years, when he came to East Orange, 
in ]\rarch. 1879, and began business on liis 
own account. He has been very successful 
in his labors, and in 1892 erected his pres- 
ent block on Main street, where he is con- 
ilucting a large and profitable business. 

He is a self-made man whose frugality, 
enterprise and honorable dealing have 
brought to him a substantial reward for his 
labors. 

]Mr. }iiaher was married in Newark. Oc- 
tober 30, 1877, to Miss Alary Connelly, and 
the\' now have six living children, namely: 
Mamie Josephine, Elizabeth. James John, 
Genevie\e. Augusta and Lauretta. Mr. 
Maher and his family are all communicants 
of the St. Rose of Lima chiu'ch, Roman 
Catholic, at Newark. 



HENRV CLAY l\[cERAH^^. 

known as a substantial citizen of Li\'- 
ingston township, is a natix'e of New York 
city, his birth having occurred on the 15th 
of July, 1847. His parents were also born 
in .America's metropolis, but the paternal 
grandfather. James McBrair, was a native 
of Paisley, Scotland. Emigrating to Amer- 
ica, he became one of the directors of the 
Washington Fire Insurance Company of 
New York, and was very prominent in fire 
insurance circles. John AIcBrair, the fa- 
ther of oiu' subject, was a dry-goods mer- 
chant in his early business career, but later 
engaged in the fire-insurance business as 
secretary of the \\'ashington Company. 
When a young man he kept the first set of 
books of the Erie canal. He was a promi- 



nent member of the \"olunteer fire organi- 
zation of New \"ork city and in all com- 
mercial transactions managed his interests 
with an abilit)- that brought him handsome 
financial returns. He married Margaret 
Ann Varian, whose ancestors Avere among 
the first settlers on Manhattan Island, New 
York. In August, 1865, his life's labors 
were ended bv death, and his wife, sur- 
viving him for a number of years, passed 
away in April, 1880. They were the par- 
ents of twelve children, of whom three are 
now li\ing, namelv ; Margaret, wife of 
William V. Hanson, of Brooklyn; Eliza, 
wife of Andrew Marshall, of Brooklyn; and 
Henry C, of this review. 

At the parental home Henry C. McBrair 
was reared to manhood, and the public 
schools aft'orded him his educational privi- 
leges. At an early age he accepted a clerk- 
ship in the establishment of Harry Aliller, 
a ship chandler of New York, with whom 
he remained for two years, after which he 
spent two vears in the employ of E. & G. 
Blunt, dealers in nautical instruments on 
South Water .street. New York. Since 
1869 he has not been in acti\e business, but 
has speculated in real estate, ^nd has made 
some very paying investments in property 
whose rapitl rise in price has brought him a 
handsome income. He is a man of ex- 
cellent business and executive ability, far- 
.sighted in all transactions, and his sound 
judgment and keen discernment seldom 
allow him to make a mistake. His reliabil- 
itv, too, is one of his marked characteris- 
tics, and has won him the confidence of the 
public in a large degree. 

On the J(\ of February, 1870. Mr. Mc- 
Brair led to the marriage altar Aliss Susan 
A. \\'inans. a daughter of William B. Win- 
ans, of Livingston township, and a native 



E;<SEX COUNTY. 



i6i 



of Livingston. This union has been 
blessed with six children, as follows : Wil- 
fred Clayton, a resident of Essex Falls, 
New Jersey, who was born July 13. 1871, 
and married Dorinda Kent; Robert James, 
who was born September 15, 1873: Horace 
Linden, born June 26, 1S77; Florence, 
born September 16, 1879, and died August 
31, 1891J Bertha Marion, born April 22, 
1887; and Annie Gladys, born August 2y, 
1889. 

Mr. McBrair has maintained his resi- 
dence at his present home for a quarter of 
a century. To be a resident of this section 
of the county and not know ]\Ir. McBrair, 
is to argue one's self unknown. His genial 
manner, affability and kindness have won 
him the warm regard of all with whom he 
has come in contact, and his sterling worth 
commands the respect of his fellow towns- 
men in an unlimited degree. He is now 
serving as trustee of the Olivet Chapel, of 
Livingston. In politics he is an independ- 
ent Democrat and has been very active and 
prominent, exerting a wide influence in his 
party. However, he has never consented 
to accept public office, content to fill the 
position of a "high private" in the ranks of 
American citizenship. 



THE SMITH FAiMILY. 

If biography be "the home aspect of his- 
tory," as Willmott has expressed it, it is 
entirely within the province of true history 
to commemorate and perpetuate the lives 
and character, the achievements and honor 
of those who have lived and labored to 
goodly ends; and if any stimulus is needed 
in this behalf it may be found in the caustic 
words of Burke, that "those only deserve to 
be remembered who treasure up a history 
of their ancestors." Each state presents 

ii— H 



with pride her sons as her jewels, and the 
annals of New Jersey bear up a wealth of 
historical data in connection with old and 
honored families established within her pre- 
cincts in the early colonial epoch. Well 
may the present ami succeeding genera- 
tions hold in high estimation the record 
which touches the lives and labors of those 
who have wrought nobly for the common- 
wealth in the past, and in this connection 
there is peculiar interest attaching to that 
old-established family wdiose name is borne 
by the immediate subject of this review. 

Tradition, — which, however, is well forti- 
fied by authenticity, — pronounces that the 
original American ancestor of this particu- 
lar branch of the Smith family was one 
James Smith, who is accredited with having 
emigrated from Scotland to America as 
early as the year 1680, Iseing at the time 
a mere youth and an orjihan. The cap- 
tain of the sailing vessel on which he found 
passage landed at the old historical sea- 
port town of Perth Amboy, New Jersey, 
and he assumed guardianship of the orphan 
lad who had thus come to seek his fortunes 
in the New World. The captain brought 
him to Newark, where he bound him out 
to serve an apprenticeship of seven years 
with Deacon Azariah Crane, son of Jasper 
Crane, who was one of the first settlers in 
what is now the city of Newark. Deacon 
Crane was a blacksmith by trade, and, ac- 
cording to the English custom, young 
Smith served the full apprenticeship cover- 
ing the period noted. After thus becoming 
eligible as a journeyman, Mr. Smith as- 
sumed domestic responsibilities by taking 
unto himself a wife, in the person of Mary, 
a daughter of Deacon Crane. He forth- 
with engaged in business for himself, his 
modest establishment, the scene of his con- 



1 62 



ESSEX COVNTY 



secuti\"e and sturdv endeavors, having l:>een 
doubtless located within the present cor- 
porate limits of the city of Newark. 

After a number of years Deacon Crane 
took up his abode on what he termed his 
"mountain plantation," having presented 
to his (laughter. [Mary, after her marriage 
to ]Mr. Smith, a small portion of this farm 
or purchase, — said portion having been lo- 
cated on the southerly side of the tract. 
The site of his house was on the east side 
of the mountain, near what is now generally 
known as the Bradwell house, in West 
Orange. The Crane plantation extended 
north to the Wheeler tract, running from 
the top of the south side of the Northfield 
road, thence along the southerly side of 
the Wheeler tract to Scotland street and 
including the property- afterward owned by 
Caleb Harrison and still later inherited by 
his son, Simeon Harrison. About this time 
many of the residents began looking up 
lands in what are now known as the town- 
ships of the Oranges, Bloomfield and Mont- 
clair, and James Smith secured possession 
of a tract which e\'entually l^ecame known 
as Scotland Ridge, though he himself ap- 
plied to it the title of Bushy Plain. Said 
domain extended from the south side of 
what was then Peck tract. on Scotland road. 
— property now owned by Charles A. 
Lighthipe — which was the southerly side. 
the main street lieing the northern bound- 
ary of the same. James Smith was also one 
of the number who effected the Horse- 
neck purchase of the Indians, — the same in- 
cluding all the lands west of the Orange 
mountains and east of the Passaic river. 
He became a man of marked influence in 
the community, was successful in his efforts 
and was known for his sterling attributes 
of character. 



It is conjectured that James Smith, the 
American progenitor, was born about the 
year 1665, and his death occurred, in 
Orange, about 1727, at which time he had 
attained the venerable age of seventy-two 
years. Of the children of James and Mary 
(Crane) Smith we make brief record as fol- 
lows: James, born 1694; Joseph, in 1701; 
John, in 1703; David, born in 1705, mar- 
ried Alartha F"reeman, daughter of Samuel 
Freeman; and besides these there were 
Ebenezer, r^Iary, Hannah. Sarah and Jane. 

David Smith, who figures in the direct 
genealogical line in tlie ancestrv of the im- 
mediate subject of this sketch, married Mar- 
tha Freeman, and they took up their abode 
in a one-story double house, with the gable 
end fronting on Scotland street. Accord- 
ing to family tradition the gable end and 
chimney were substantially constructed of 
stone, and it is recorded that the west gable 
was cracked from top to bottom -by an 
earthquake which occurred in 1776. There 
is extant no definite information as to the 
time of the death of >\Iartha (Freeman) 
Smith, but it is supposed that she died 
about 1805 or 1806, while she is said to 
have attained remarkable longevity, being 
a centenarian at the time of her demise. 
David Smith died February 5, 1777, at the 
age of seventy-two. Of the children of this 
marriage we accord such record as is acces- 
sible : Moses married Esther Campbell, 
daughter of John Campbell; James, 1740, 
married Eleanor, daughter of Amos Har- 
rison; Joseph married Phoebe Sargeant; 
Samuel, 1743. married Eimice, daughter of 
Ezekiel Baldwin; David went west prior 
to the war of the.Revolution and all trace of 
him was lost; Phoebe, 1736, married Jabez 
Condit, son of Philip Condit of Morristown; 
Nehemiah was a cripple and of unsound 



ESSEX COUNTY 



163 



mind; INIartlia married Isaac Harrison, son 
of .\iiios Harrison; Rachel ne\'er married. 

Samuel Smith, son of David and Martha 
(Freeman) Smitli, was born in 1745, and 
married Eunice Baldwin, who was born on 
Connecticut Farm, New Jerse}-, October 
10, 1745, and who died Deceml)er 19, 1831, 
aged eighty-six years. They lived in the 
homestead on the east side of Scotland 
street, south of Tremont avenue, where 
his death occurred February 13, 1800, at 
the age of fifty-five years. Their children 
were as follows: Caleb, born in July, 1778, 
married Sarah Garthwaite, and died July 4. 
1867; David, born February 17, 1780, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Garthwaite (sister of Sarah), 
who was born March 27, 1790, and who 
died June 6, 1867; Rachel died in infancv. 

John Garthwaite, father of Sarah and 
Elizabeth, was an active participant in the 
war of the Revolution, entering the Con- 
tinental ranks at the beginning of the great 
struggle for independence and receiving an 
honorable discharge at the expiration of 
three years. He, however, continued to 
serve in the patriot army during the entire 
period of the war, receiving his discharge at 
the end of the seven-years conflict which 
had gained to the colonies the boon of 
freedom and had hurled oppression liack 
for all time. He was twice taken prisoner, 
but managed to elude the vigilance of his 
captors on each occasion, without waiting 
for his liberty through exchange. He was 
once wounded, but did not leave his post 
on the field by reason of his injuries. The 
headquarters of his command were at Alor- 
ristown, and Mr. Garthwaite assisted in the 
building of the famous Fort Nonsense. He 
died in 1834, at the advanced age of ninety- 
two years. 

Caleb Smith, son of Samuel and Eunice 



(Baldwin) Smith, was born in July, 1778, 
and married Sarah Garthwaite, who was 
born October 2y. 1787, and who died Oc- 
tober 26, 1847. They lived on Scotland 
street, occupying the southern half of the 
old homestead farm. Besides devoting 
himself to agricultural pursuits Caleb 
Smith carried on a successful enterprise in 
the manufacturing of harness and horse col- 
lars. He died March. 16, 1866, at the age 
of eighty-seven years. Of his children we 
are enabled to oft'er the following record : 
Samuel, born November 14, 1804, married 
Caroline P. Tichenor, daughter of Stephen 
Tichenor, son of John; Mary, born No- 
vember 27, 1805, died in 1809: John G. 
married Martha Ouinby; George married 
a Miss Edwards; Mary Ann died in 1894, 
unmarried; Albert married Naoma Gray, 
and after her death espoused Sarah Wood; 
Caleb Oliver, born November 8, 18 15, died 



Mav 



1 88 1, aged sixty-six; Edward G. 



was twice married, his second wife having 
been Margaret Roft; David G. married 
Phoebe Curry; Aaron Augustus was thrice 
married, — first, to Henrietta Gray, secondly 
to Mary A. Coleman, and thirdly to a Miss 
Ward; Elizabeth; George died October 
12, 1846; and Sarah became the wife of 
Charles Lighthipe. 

David Smith, son of Samuel and Eunice 
(Baldwin) Smith, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Garthwaite, and their 
children were as follows; William B., born 
April 26, 1809, married Mary Reynolds; 
Mary, born November 22, 1810, married 
John T. Tichenor; Jeptha, born March i, 
181 2, was married first to C. D. Connet and 
second to M. G. Halsted; Caroline, born 
September 19, 1813, married William H. 
Edwards; Susan, born August 10, 1815, 
married J. Burrows: Sarah A., born March 



164 



ESShJX COUNTY. 



17, 1817, married Foster Lent: Samuel M., 
born February 4, 1819, married Ann Vin- 
cent; Abby, born July 29, 1820, married 
Jacob E. Vandewater; Silas, born !March 
II, 1 822,, married Jane Harrison; Robert 
B., born January 19, 1824, married Cather- 
ine Squire; Charles, born December 12, 
1825, married Mary E. Knowels; Alon- 
zo, born February 2^. 1828, mar- 
ried Nancy K. Halsted; Edwin, born 
July 26, 1830, married Lydia AI organ; 
Louisa, born April 28, 1832, married John 
W. Coleman; David, born December 25, 
1834, married Ellen O'Nal. David Smith 
was a native of Orange, having been born 
on the old homestead, on Scotland street, 
February 17, 1780. He was reared on the 
paternal farmstead, receiving his education 
in the common schools and early in life 
learning the shoemaker's trade, which he 
followed in connection with his farming 
pursuits. Inheriting the intense loyalty 
and patriotism of his race, he was one of 
those who went forth to do valiant service 
in the war of 18 12, and in acknowledgment 
of his services an appreciative government 
accorded him a bounty of one hundred and 
sixty acres of land in the west. This tract 
he sold w'ithout having seen it. He died 
July 4, 1867, and his wife. Elizabeth, had 
preceded him into eternal rest by about a 
month, her demise having occurred on June 
6th of the same year. 

Jeptha Smith, son of David and Elizabeth 
(Garthwaite) Smith, was born in Orange on 
the 1st of March, 1812, learned the shoe- 
makinp- trade and in 1837 removed with his 
family to Newark, Ohio, where he engaged 
in the shoe business, which he continued 
until 1858, when he returned to the east, 
locating at Brooklyn, New York, where he 
became concerned in the manufacturing of 



shoes, under the tirm name of J. A. Smith 
& Brothers. The enterprise soon attained 
extensive proportions and became one of 
the most important industries of the sort in 
the Lhiion. He continued to be identified 
with this magnificent business until 1887, 
when, by reason of his advanced age, he 
retired from active life, disposing of his 
interests to Ephraim Martin. He is now 
maintaining his home with his daughter, in 
Passaic, New Jersey. He married Cather- 
ine D. Connet, a native of Morris county, 
New Jersey, and a descendant of one of the 
most prominent of the old families of the 
state. Their children were as follows : Ed- 
ward P., the immediate subject of this 
sketch; Mary E., who is the wife of J. W. 
Clements, of Passaic; James L., who died in 
California; Horatio Nelson, now deceased; 
Sarah C, the «ife of Ephraim Martin, of 
Brooklyn, who is carrying on the shoe- 
manufacturing business established bv her 
father: Alfred \\'., who is engaged in the 
shoe business at Lynn, Massachusetts. 
^Irs. Catherine (Connet) Smith died De- 
cember 26, 1884, 

Edward P. Smith is a nati\'e of Orange, 
New Jerse_y, where he is known as one of 
the most prominent builders and contract- 
ors of the section and as one of the repre- 
sentative citizens of the locality where his 
family has been established for so many 
generations. He was born August 17, 
1834, and was but two years of age at the 
time of his parents' removal to Newark, 
Ohio, where he was reared to manhooci, 
receiving his educational discipline in the 
public schools and assisting his father in 
the store. Upon attaining his legal ma- 
jority he determined to prepare himself for 
the practical duties of life by learning a 
trade. Accordingly, in 1854, he came to 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



^65 



Newark, where he served an apprenticesliip 
at the carpenter's trade, under the hrm of 
Calaway & Headley, after which he was em- 
ployed as a journeyman until 1804. when 
he began operations upon his own respon- 
sibility, associating himself with Thomas 
Williams, under the firm title of Williams & 
Smith. They opened an establishment in 
Orange and the partnership continued for 
a term of years, when it was dissolved and 
Mr. Smith formed a business alliance with 
John Edwards, under the name of Smith & 
Edwards, which association has ever since 
obtained, the firm's headquarters being lo- 
cated at 24 North Center street. Orange. 
They carry on a general contracting and 
building enterprise and have erected many 
of the beautiful homes which have made 
the Oranges so attractive as a residence sec- 
tion. 

In his political adherency Mr. Smith ren- 
ders a stanch allegiance to the Republican 
party, and as a progressive, public-spirited 
citizen he has been called upon to serve in 
positions of distinctive trust and respon- 
sibility. He served as township committee- 
man for four years and as chairman of the 
board for one year of this time, while at 
present he is township treasurer. Frater- 
nally he is identified with the Masonic 
order, being a Master Mason in Union 
Lodge, No. II, F. & A. M., of Orange, 
while his life has been so ordered as to gain 
and retain to him the respect and confi- 
dence of all with whom he comes in contact. 

On the loth of December, 1862, was 
solemnized the marriage of Mr. Smith to 
Miss Emily Knapp. a native of Tory Cor- 
ners, West Orange, and a daughter of Is- 
rael and Dorcas (Williams) Knapp, both of 
whom are representatives of old New Jer- 
sey families. Mr. and I\Irs. Smith have one 



chilfl. ^^'illard K.. who is connected with 
the Chronicle, the leading newspaper of 
Orange. He married Bertha Gunther, of 
Newark. The family residence is one of 
the attractive, homes of Orange, being of 
modern architectural design and showing 
in its surroundings and equipments the 
most artistic and cultured taste. The house 
is situated on a most beautiful site, at the 
foot of the Orange mountains, near the 
celebrated Eagle Rock, and within a few 
minutes' walk from the beautiful Llewellyn 
park. 



JOHN TOLER, 

deceased, was numbered among the manu- 
facturers of Newark who aided in making 
this one of the leading industrial centers of 
the east. He established the John Toler 
& Sons Company, manufacturers of mal- 
leable-iron wares and iron castings for 
piano frames. In trade circles he was re- 
garded as a most reliable and trustworthy 
man, and his reputation in this direction, 
added to the excellence of the wares which 
he manufactured, brought him an exten- 
sive and profitable business. 

]\Ir. Toler was a native of Ireland, his 
birth having occurred in county Clare in 
18 1 5. His education was rather meager, 
for the advantages which he received were 
limited to those afi'orded by the common 
schools of the neighborhood. With his 
parents he came to America in 183 1. tak- 
ing up his residence in New York city, 
wdiere he was apprenticed to learn the busi- 
ness of manufacturing surgical instruments. 
On the completion of his term of service 
he worked as a journeyman for a short 
time and then became engaged in the man- 
ufacture of furniture castors in New York 



1 66 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



city. In this \-eiiture he soon sncceeded in 
buikhng np an excellent tratle, bnt the 
high rent which he was forced to pay in 
New York led him to remove his business 
and factory to Newark. He accordingly 
located in the Heddenburg building on 
Warren street, where he remained for six 
years, when he erected a suitable building 
for his foundry work on Chaml^ers street. 
In 1868 he purchased the tract of ground 
on Adams street and erected there commo- 
dious buildings in which to conduct his 
business, this step ha\'ing been necessitated 
by his rapidly increasing trade. In 187 1 he 
took up the general iron-foundry work and 
engaged in the manufacture of castings for 
pianos, this enterprise pro\ing a valuable 
addition to his already successful Inisiness. 
Being a man of social and genial nature, 
he. in 1852, organized and thoroughly 
equipped the first military company in 
Newark, known as the Montomery 
Guards. On being elected captain of the 
company, and being well acquainted with 
military tactics, it was not long before the 
Montomerv Guards were known as the 
pride of Newark. During the reign of the 
Montomery Guards, and previous to the 
breaking out of the Rebellion, there were 
several local organizations, known respect- 
ively as the American Continentals, the 
American Guards and the Irish Volunteers, 
all of whom volunteered their services to 
the government on the breaking out of hos- 
tilities, amongst the first to otTer their ser- 
vice being the Montomery Guards; but at 
that time they were to all intents and pur- 
poses to be mustered into the First Regi- 
ment of New Jersey. Through some unfore- 
seen circumstances (or the will of the pow- 
ers that were) the Guards, on presenting 
themselves to the official of Newark, were 



ordered to be nuistered in under another 
connnand, with no appointment for Captain 
Toler. The Montomery Guards to a man 
refused to join any regiment in which their 
organizer and captain was not gi\en the 
right of position to which he was entitled, 
being the senior officer from Newark, and 
ha\ing, from past competiti\'e drills w^ith dif- 
ferent military organizations in New York 
and vicinity, shown his ability as a com- 
manding officer. The ramification of this 
was afterward sho\vn, when the Montom- 
ery Guards enlisted under Sickles' brigade 
and mustered in as Company A of the 
Se\-ent}'-first New York Volunteers, Cap- 
tain Toler then being appointed drill-mas- 
ter for the regiment. Here in this position 
he showed his ability as a commanding 
officer, a rank which his own state denied 
him. 

He served through the memorable 
battles of Dumfries, Yorktovvn, Williams- 
burg, Se\-en Pines, Fair Oaks, and both 
battles of Malvern Hill. After the battle of 
Fair Oaks he received his commission as 
major of the Sevent}--first Regiment, and 
for the next two years saw service through 
every battle participated in by Sickles' bri- 
gade. After the two years' service he was 
compelled to return to his home an invalid, 
honorably discharged with the rank of 
colonel. To the older generation and his 
personal acquaintances he was always 
known as "Major." Honored and respect- 
ed by all, he passed to his eternal rest April 
14, 1896, aged eighty-one years, life's work 
having been well and faithfully performed. 

Mr. Toler was regarded as a sagacious 
and practical business man, just and honor- 
able in all his transactions, and his close 
attention to his interests, his careful man- 
agement and sound judgment l)rought to 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



167 



liim a most gratifying success. He was al- 
ways deeply interested in all matters re- 
lating to the general welfare and the public 
good, and withheld his support from no 
movement calculated to advance the etluca- 
tional, moral or material interests of the 
community. Politically he was an ardent 
Democrat of the true Jeffersonian type and 
served for one term as street commissioner 
of Newark by appointment of the mayor. 
He was a liberal contrilnitor to church and 
charitable enterprises, and was a devout 
Catholic in religious faith, a communicant 
of St. Patrick's cathedral of Newark. 

He was married in Newark to Eliza Den- 
man, a daughter of Joseph Denman. a rep- 
resentative of one of the old New England 
families. To them were born the following 
children: Francis J., who died January 5, 
1873, leaving a wife and one daughter, Ella; 
Martha, wife of Francis Young, by whom 
she has four children. — Annie, Clara, Fran- 
cis and Vivian; Charles H.; and ^lary, 
wife of Frank Price. 

Charles H. Toler, the third of the family, 
was born xA-Ugust 13, 1843, 'i''"' ^^'^s edu- 
cated in the pul)lic schools of Newark. .\t 
the age of sixteen he learned the founder's 
trade with his father and on attaining his 
majority became interested with his father 
in the manufacturing business. In 1S94 the 
firm was incorporated under the name of 
John Toler, Sons & Company, with the 
father as president and Henry J. Ill as secre- 
tary and treasurer. After the death of the 
father, Charles H. Toler succeeded to the 
presidency of the company and is now man- 
aging the affairs of the company with 
marked success and excellent business and 
executive ability. Their trade is steadily 
increasing and the enterprise is one of the 
important concerns of tlie county, giving 



cmpIo_\-ment to a large force of operatives. 
Charles H. Toler was married March 26, 
1865, to Miss ?klary Ackerson, and they 
have four children. — John, Mary, Freder- 
ick and William. 



JOSEPH FEWSMITH, JR., 

was born at Auburn, New York, January 
31, 1 85 1. His preparatory education was 
received at Phillips .Vcademy, Andover, 
and in 1871 he was graduated at Yale Col- 
lege. Having spent two years in prelim- 
inary study, he entered the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of New York, and 
there received his tlegree of M. D. in 1874. 
Soon after graduating he became house 
surgeon in Roosevelt Hospital, New York, 
a position which he occupied for some time, 
and then went to the city of Vienna, Aus- 
tria, where he entered the General Hos- 
pital as a student and assistant. Return- 
ing, he established himself as a practitioner 
in Newark, New Jersey, where, in addition 
to his private practice, he has been physi- 
cian at the City Dispensary, St. IMichael's 
Hospital and St. Barnabas Hospital, and 
was for some time a medical examiner for 
the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Com- 
pany and the Royal Arcanum. 



A. H. OSBORNE. 

"Historv is the essence of innumerable 
biographies," said Carlyle, and the annals 
of Essex county are formed of the lives of 
tlKJse who have Ijeen prominent factors in 
her educational, moral, political, military 
and business interests. For twenty-three 
years Mr. Osborne has carried on the drug 
Ijusiness at No. 193 Main street, of Belle- 
\ille, and is one of the enterprising, re- 



1 68 



ESSEX COUXTY. 



liable and respected merchants of the town. 
He was born there July 23, 183 1, and be- 
longs to one of the oldest families in this 
section of New Jersey. His father was 
Henry Osliorne, and his mother was Cath- 
erine Osborne, a daughter of Aljraham P. 
Sanford and a descendant of one of the 
pioneer families of the county, of Holland 
origin. The first of the name to locate here 
received liy grant a large tract of land, 
which extended from Newark bay to Hack- 
ensack, on the east bank of the Passaic, and 
many of his descendants have been exten- 
sive land-owners. 

Henry Osborne was a shoemaker l^y 
trade and followed that business in pursuit 
of fortune for a long period. Prominent 
in the affairs of the community he served 
as tax collector of Belleville for fifteen vears 
and was xevy widely and favorably known. 
He flied in 1892, and his wife passed awav 
in 1884. They were the parents of five chil- 
dren, namely: Moses and Adelaide, now 
deceased; Joseph H., of Belleville, who 
occupies the important position of super- 
intendent in the works of Heath & Drake, 
of Newark: Eugene, deceased; and A. H. 

No event of special importance occurred 
during the childhood and youth of Mr. Os- 
borne, who was reared in Belleville, and in 
1867 began to learn the drug business in 
the store of I. W. Ketcham. In 1875 he 
began business on his own account at his 
present location, where he has remained 
for twenty-three years. He carries a large 
stock of goods and has a well equipped 
store which enables him to readily supply 
the wishes of his many patrons. He is also 
a partner in the firm of W. E. Sanford & 
Company, proprietors of a general market 
in Belleville. 

Mr. Osborne was joined in wedlock with 



]\Iiss Mar\- E. Dickinson, of Belle\ille. So- 
cially he is connected with the Knights of 
Honor, the Royal Arcanum, and the 
League of American Wheelmen. In poli- 
tics he is a Democrat, and has been hon- 
ored with a number of local offices of pub- 
lic trust. In 1879 lis was elected a member 
of the trnvnship conmiittee, served as its 
chairman for two years, has been township 
tax collector since 1888, and has served 
four or fi\-e terms as fire commissioner. He 
takes a very active interest in politics, 
has been a memljer of the Democratic 
county committee, and is a capable worker 
in the behalf of Democracy. His well spent 
life CDunnends him to the confidence and 
esteem of all with whom he has been 
brought in contact, and his reputation in 
business, political and private life is alike 
unassailal)Ie. 



HORACE ALLING 

has stood forth as a central figure in the 
business life of Newark for half a century, 
and to his discretion, foresight and superior 
ability is clue tlie splendifl success that has 
crowned his eft'orts. No honors of a polit- 
ical or public nature has he sought, but his 
example is probably of more benefit to the 
majority of mankind than that of heroes, 
statesmen and writers. In addition to his 
business interests his energies have long 
been devoted to the furtherance of many 
enterprises which ha\'e for their object the 
uplifting of man and the promulgation 
of higher standards among humanity. 
Honorable in business, loyal in citizenship, 
charitable in thought, kindly in action, true 
to every trust confided to his care, his life is 
the highest ty]")e of Christian manhood. 
Btirn in Ne\yark, New Jersey, on the 





<^'^e:^^-e€ ^TlU i\_ C 



Ei^SEX COUNTY 



169 



24th of September, 1822, Mr. Ailing is a 
son of David and Eunice (Roberts) Ailing, 
and a lineal descendant of Roger Ailing, a 
member of the band of Puritans, and one 
of the original proprietors of New Haven. 
Connecticut. He was also a signer of the 
compact of 1639, and took an active part in 
the establishment and attairs of the colony 
with which he was identified. His son re- 
moved to Newark in the second deporta- 
tion from New Haven, about 1670, and 
thus the family was founded in Essex 
county, where its representatives soon took 
a leading part in the development and 
progress of the county. Since that time 
the .\llings ha\"e been luunbered among 
the best citizens, and in the quieter walks 
of life the subject of this review has pro- 
moted the material and moral welfare of 
the county, in a manner most commend- 
able and wortln-. 

Mr. Ailing is now the only surviv(jr of a 
family that (ince numbered fi\'e sons and 
one daughter. His education was th(ir- 
ough and systematic, l^eing obtained in the 
Newark Academy and other preparatorv 
schools. It was his intention to pursue a 
collegiate course, but ill health pre\'ented 
him from executing this purpose, and at 
the age of sixteen he entered upon his busi- 
ness career as a clerk in a dry-goods store. 
After a short time, howe\'er, he left that 
employ and entered upon an apprenticeship 
at the jeweler's trade under the direction of 
his brothers, Isaac A. and Joseph C. Ai- 
ling, well known jewelers of Newark. His 
service began in June, 1841, and continued 
for nine years. He gained a thorough and 
comprehensi\'e knowledge of the business, 
and in 1850 entered into partnership with 
his brothers under the firm name of Ailing 
Brothers. For thirtv-five vears he was 



connected with the jewelry trade, and the 
establishment witii which he was con- 
nected was one of the most popular, ex- 
tensi\'e and thoroughly equipped in their 
line in the city. Their patronage was ex- 
tensive and thev did a \-ery profitable and 
satisfactorv liusiness. 

■Mr. Ailing did not confine his attention 
alone to one enterprise, having been long 
connected with some of the most impor- 
tant financial institutions of Newark. He 
was one of the original board of directors 
of the Prudential Insurance Company of 
America and is now its treasurer. He is 
also a director of the Newark Firemen's 
Insurance Comjiany and has been invited 
to join the directorate of a number of bank- 
ing institutions, but has always declined, 
feeling that his duty lay in other directions. 
His business methods have ever been most 
honorable and his dealings will bear the 
most scrutinizing in\-estigation. His trust- 
worthiness has nndonbtecUy been one of the 
most important factors in its success, and, 
combined with his excellent executive abil- 
ity and sound judgment, has brought him 
the prosperity which is the laudable goal of 
all business x-entures. 

In his home life Mr. Ailing is ever cour- 
teous, considerate and hospitable. In early 
maidiood he was married. May 31, 1848, to 
Miss Julia Etta Ball, of Newark, who traces 
her genealogy to Milford, Connecticut, 
where the first of the name settled about 
1667. Three children were born to Mr. 
and ]Mrs. Ailing, of whom tu'o. H. Fred- 
erick and Clarence \\\, now survi\'e. 

In politics Mr. Ailing is a stanch Repul)- 
lican. He has been a lifelong follower of 
the Christian religion, hax'ing become a 
member of the Third Presbyterian church 
of Newark, in 1838. while since 1868 he 



I/O 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



has faithfully served as elder therein, and 
for several years a member of the board of 
trustees. His energies, money and coun- 
sel have been gi\'en freely for the upbuild- 
ing of the cause, and his work in this direc- 
tion has not been without excellent results. 
He is a life director of the American Sun- 
day-school Union, a life member of the 
American Tract and Bible Societies, and a 
member and treasiu'er of the Ijoard of man- 
agers of the Cliildren's Aid Society and So- 
ciety for the Prevention of Cruelty to Chil- 
dren, organizetl in 1868. He is also a trus- 
tee of the Newark Academy, and a life 
member and director of both the Xew Jer- 
sey Historical Society and the Washington 
Association of Xew Jersey. His interest 
in all matters ])ertaining to the intellectual 
and moral welfare of his nati\e county is 
marked and deei), and his influence has led 
many others to supiiort such enterrjrises. 



THE NEWARK EVENING NEWS. 

This journal was first published on the 
1st of September. 1883. A short time pre- 
viously the Evening News Publishing Com- 
pany was organized, with Wallace M. Scud- 
der as president and treasurer and Henry 
Abbott Steel as secretary. The business 
was incorporated for the purpose of pub- 
lishing the above named journal, which 
each evening has heralded the news of the 
world to the citizens of Newark and vicin- 
ity. The enterprise has been a successful 
one, and the News has continuously main- 
tained its place among the leading journals 
of New Jersey. Its office and printing 
house were first located at No. 844 Broad 
street, and on the 1st of January, 1894, 
were remo\'ed to the present cpiarters at 
No. 21 T ^larket street. From the time of 



its first publicatiiju to the present, Wallace 
M. Scudcler has been the publisher and 
business manager, and Henry Abbott Steel 
has been the editor. Both are reliable and 
prominent business men, and under their 
able control the paper has reached a large 
circulation and has met with a merited pros- 
perity. 



THE MUNN FAMILY. 

The origin of the name of jMunn is not 
definitely known, but it is doubtless of great 
antitiuity, as shown in the armorial bearings 
of the English branch of the family, viz.: 
Arms. — Per chevron sable and or, in chief 
three bezants and in base a castle triple- 
towered of the first. Crest. — A dexter arm 
in armor, holding a lion's paw erased ppr. 
Motto. — "Omnia \incit \'eritas" — truth 
conquers all things. 

FJenjamin Mun, the American ancestor of 
this branch of the Munn family, was, in 
1637, a resident of Hartford, Connecticut, 
l)ut he removed to Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, in the same year. He joined John 
Mason's company in an expedition against 
the Pequots in 1637, and was at the attack 
on the fort at Groton, Connecticut, where 
several hundred Indians were slain. This 
expedition followed an attack made by the 
Indians upon Wethersfield, where many 
settlers were killed. In May, 1637, Mason 
set out with his followers and was joined by 
Uncas, chief of the Mohegans. The Pe- 
quot fort was a formidable afifair, Init it was 
surprised, stormed and carried by assault, 
with terriljle destruction of the natives, who 
never recovered from the blow inflicted. 
The remnant of the tribe was nearly anni- 
hilated not long afterward in the swamp 
lands near Fairfield. Mason's company con- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



171 



sisted of only sevent_\--se\'en Englishmen, 
while the savages nnmberecl about ten times 
that number. As they were strongly en- 
trenched behind almost impassable pali- 
sades, the Mohegan and Narragansett In- 
dians that had joined the expedition de- 
serted before the assault took place. Upon 
his return he received, with others, l)y "the 
town's courtessie," in 1639, a grant of land 
on the east side of the "cow-pasture lane," 
now known as North Main street. He 
was the official "viewer of chimneys and 
ladders" in Springfield, the duties of which 
referred to precautionary measures to pre- 
vent fires originating in the thatched roofs 
then universally used. In 1653 he was fined 
the sum of five shillings "for taking tobacco 
in his hay-cock." He married .\pril 12, 
1649, Abigail, daughter of Henry Burt, 
widow of Francis Ball, and took up his res- 
idence where now is locatetl Court Scpiare 
and the Chicopee Bank building. The chil- 
dren of this union were: Abigail, borne ye 
28 of ye 4 mon, 1650: John, borne ye 8 day 
of 12 mon, 1652; Mary, who married Na- 
thaniel Wheeler; Benjamin, borne the first 
day of ye i mon, 1655; James, bornethe loth 
day of 12 mon, 1656; Nathaniel, borne the 
25th day of.ye 5 mon, 1661. In 1665, being 
\ery weak and aged, he "was exempted 
from military service." He died in Novem- 
ber, 167^. and tradition has it that he was 
killed by the Indians, although the details 
of his death are not recorded. 

Nathaniel, youngest child of Benjamin 
anil Abigail (Burt) Ball Mun, was born in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, July 25, 1661. 
Married Sarah Chapin, daughter of Japhet 
Chapin. of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
March 24, 1689. They had seven children: 
Sarah, born September 10. 1692: Abigail, 
born April 9, i6g6; Benjamin and Hannah, 



twins, born ;\Iay 28, 1698 (Benjamin died 
June 2, 1698): Benjamin, born August 12, 
1700; Samuel, Iwrn July 20, 1706; John, 
born January 24, 1708. "He was deacon of 
the First church in Springfield; dyed the 
31st day of December, Adomi, 1743, in the 
63d year of his age." 

Benjamin Mun, son of Nathaniel and 
Sarah (Chapin) Mun, was born August 12, 
1700. Married, December 30, 1731, Re- 
becca Russell, daughter of Adonijah Rus- 
sell, of Brimfield, Massachusetts, and had is- 
sue, Benjamin, born October 8, 1732; Jo- 
seph, born May i, 1734; Abner, born July 
28, 1736; Abigail, born September 14, 1739: 
Reuben, born April 25, 174^; Rebekah, 
born December 1 1, 1745; Mary, born Octo- 
ber I, 1749: Jeremy, born April 11, 
1754. In 171 5 the new settlement of 
Brimfield was opened up, and young- 
Benjamin, together with ten others, 
became the original proprietors of the 
new township. In 1760 the part of 
Brimfield in which Benjamin resided was 
set apart as a separate township under the 
name of Monson, "On petition of Benja. 
Munn \'oted to abate the Highway Ratesof 
those Soldiers in the Continental service the 
vear past." (See records of Monson, June 
24, 1776.) 

Reuben Munn, son of Benjamin and Re- 
becca (Russell) Munn, was born April 25, 
1742; married Hannah , and had is- 
sue, Alfred, born ( )ct()ber 29, 1769: John, 
born January 17, 1771; Elizah, born Sep- 
tember 7, 1772; Julius, liorn February 9, 
1774; Rice, born May 17, 1776; Cyrene, 
Ijorn November 12, 1777; Pamela, born 
April 13, 1780; Fidelia, born June 17, 1783; 
Oral, born August 6, 1783; Ulysses, born 
July 14, 1788. \Mdow Hannah Alunn died 
at Monson, Massachusetts, Octol)er 4, 1823, 



172 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



aged eiglity years. It was he wlio, when on 
June 24, iJ/Ci. the ti)\vn passed a vote as to 
the attitude the town should take in relation 
tojoining the Continental forces, made the 
following record on the minutes of the 
town meeting, viz. ; "Voted unanimously 
for Indipency." At the time of the alarm 
roll call, previous to the battle of Lexing- 
ton, he formed a companv and marched, on 
April 19, 1775, to Cambridge, where he re- 
ported for service. His name appears with 
the rank of "Captain in the Lexington 
Alarm Roll of Captain Reul)en Munn's 
Companv." He ser\-ed under General Gates 
at Ticonderoga, and in 1778 was raised l:)y 
ballot of the house of representatives to the 
rank of second major of the First Regiment 
in Hampshire county, and finally was raised 
to the rank of lieutenant-colonel of the First 
Berkshire Count\' Regiment. He was in- 
strumental in suppressing the disorders 
arising at the close of the war, and he 
formed a company, which he marched to 
the front at the time of Shay's rebellion. 
Howe\'er distressing the condition of the 
revolutionists may have been, and how- 
ever serious their grie\ances, he had no 
sympathy for those who' endeavored to re- 
dress their wrongs b_\' taking up arms 
as'ainst their country. 

Rice Munn. son of Reuben and Hannah 
Munn, was born May 17. 1776; died March 
12, 1866. Married La\'ina Shaw, of Mon- 
son; born November 19, 1778: she died 
April 15, 1867. They had five children, viz. : 
Pamelia, born May 9, 1803, died August 22, 
1880; Oril, born July 29, 1807, died July 16, 
1891; Adaline, born March 11, 1811, died 
August 31, 1894: Rice Shaw, born Octoljer 
17, 1814, died February 15, 1890: Orson 
Desaix, born June 1 1, 1824. Rice exempli- 
fied the sterling cjualities of the Puritan 



stock from which he was descended, and 
was upright and honest in all his dealings 
with his fellowmen, a true friend, a good 
father and husband, and a man of more than 
a\-erage ability. He never aspired to great 
worldly wealth, but like the good parson 
C)li\-er Goldsmith describes in his poem, 
the Deserted Village, "he was passing rich 
on fortv |.)ounds a year." It would be true 
to say of him, "he was one of nature's no- 
blemen." 

r)rson Desaix Munn, youngest son of 
Rice and Lavina (Shaw) Munn, was born 
in Monson. Massachusetts, and was edu- 
cated at ]\Ionson Academy, an institution 
which had more than a local reputation, 
young men from distant sections of the 
country being attracted by its superior ed- 
ucational facilities. Soon after reaching 
the age of twenty-one years he was in- 
formed by an old school companion, Alfred 
E. Beach (at that time engaged with his 
father in the jndilication of the New York 
Sun), of a good opening for business. He 
started at once for New York city, and to- 
gether with his friend Beach, purchased 
for a few hundred dollars the Scien- 
tific American plant, the publication 
having been founded a few months 
liefore by Rufus Porter. The co- 
partnership of Munn & Company was 
formed in 1846, and was continued without 
interruption up to January i, 1896, when 
]\Ir. Beach passed away, necessitating the 
conversion of the old firm into a corpora- 
tion, which is still conducted under the orig- 
inal firm name, Munn & Company, and 
without change of management. 

It is seldom that a young man's first busi- 
ness venture continues with uninterrupted 
success for half a century, but Mr. Munn 
proved to be well adapted to his calling. 



IJSSi:X (VUXTY. 



173 



His tastes and inclinations all ran in this 
direction, and under his management the 
Scientific American and the other publica- 
tions issued from the office of ]\luim & 
Company have acquired inlluence and 
standing. 

Immediately after Mr. Munn and his 
partner, Mr. Alfred E. Beach, assumed con- 
trol of the paper they established an agency 
"for the soliciting of patents" for inventors, 
not only in the United States, but in all for- 
eign countries. This branch of their busi- 
ness became at once an important adjunct 
to the publication of the Scientific Ameri- 
can, and continues to this day a most impor- 
tant branch of Munn & Company's business. 
Mr. Alunn was thus brought i)rofessionally 
into contact with many of the most distin- 
guished inventors and thinkers of the last 
half century. Among such who may be 
mentioned as having been specially instru- 
mental in the early industrial development 
of this country, are Morse, Ericsson, Eads, 
Howe, Wilson, Stevens, Cooper, Alaxim, 
Gatlin, W'oodworth, Blanchard, McCor- 
mick and a host of others. 

In his desire to escape the turmoil of the 
city, it was eminently fitting that Llewellyn 
Park, the suburban paradise of the metrop- 
olis, should become the sunuiier home of 
the still active publisher and world-wide 
known patent attorney. Some thirty years 
ago Mr. Munn purchased a large plot in 
the park, which he has made to "blossom 
like the rose." He has a large and taste- 
ful villa fronted by a well kept lawn, and 
the grounds were laid out to correspond 
with the natural elevation of the land and 
the topography of the country. The nine 
terraces rise one above another, each cov- 
ered with a variety of plants and flowers, 
inspiring the beholder with the thought, as 



he attempts to ascend, that he is truly 
"stepping heavenward." 

Air. Munn's possessions in the park com- 
prise sixty acres, and in addition to this he 
has a large farm on the top of the mountain, 
where he is engaged in raising a breed of 
cattle, hitherto Ijut little known in this 
country. They ar« the Dutch belted or 
blanket breed of cows, natives of Holland, 
and though in appearance they resemble 
the Holsteins, yet are a distant family, an- 
tedating the seventeenth century, when 
the cattle interests in Holland were in a 
thrifty condition and this type and color 
were established by scientific breeding. 
Their form is usually ^•ery fine and their 
hardy and vigorous constitutions enable 
them to stand sudden changes in the cli- 
mate and thri\e on any \-ariety of fodder. 
Mr. Munn has been very successful in rais- 
ing this breed of cattle and is proud of the 
result which has attended the exhilMtion of 
his stock every autumn at state and county 
fairs. Mr. Munn married Julia Augusta 
Allen, August 15, 1849. She died October 
26, 1894. lea\'ing two sons, who are asso- 
ciated with their father in the publication of 
the Scientific American and the patent de- 
partment of this office. 



ALBERT BAILEY BALDWIN, 

a well known and highly respected citizen 
of East Orange, enjoys the distinction of 
ha\'ing been born in the distant land of 
China, where his parents were stationed at 
the time in the performance of missionary 
duties. His birth occurred in the city of 
Foo-Chow, province of Fo-Kien, on the 
26th of December, 1861, a son of Rev. C. 
C. and Harriet (Fairchild) Baldwin. The 



174 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



father is a son of Eleazar Baldwin and 
Jemima (Matthews) Baldwin, and was born 
in Bloomfield, Essex county. New Jersey. 
his primary mental discipline being re- 
ceived in the public schools of his native 
countv. His next step in the line of educa- 
tional attainments was to enter Princeton 
College, after which he secured his degree 
of doctor of divinity and was graduated at a 
seminary in Baltimore, Maryland. But a 
short time elapsed before he was assigned to 
missionary duty in China, imder the 
auspices of the American Board of Commis- 
sioners of Foreign Missions. On the 28th 
of September, 1849, he married Miss Har- 
riet Fairchild. who accompanied him to his 
new field of labors, and after a long and 
tedious journey they reached Foo-Chow, 
where they at once entered upon their mis- 
sionary work and continued the same for 
a period of forty-seven years. The children 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin comprised 
the following: Harriet Gertrude, born Oc- 
tober 10, 1850, married David Gerry, of 
East Orange, who was a descendant of 
Governor Elbridge Gerry, of Massachu- 
setts; Caleb Clifton, born at Foo-Chow on 
the 1 6th of February, 1851, died nine days 
later; Mary Jane, born June 9, 1853, died 
April 7, 1859; Cecil Fairchild, born May 
21, 1854, died February 3, 1859; Sarah 
Cummings, born November 26, 1855, died 
at Orange, New Jersey, November 29, 
1866; Helen Burrows, born at Orange 
June 8, 1857, died April 19, 1858; Ella 
Matthews, born at Orange on the 5th of 
September, 1858, died November 21, 1858; 
Albert Bailey, our subject: Alice Mills, born 
at Foo-Chow on the 6th of February, 1864, 
married Dr. W. C. Robbins and they at 
present reside in Durban, state of Natal, an 
English settlement in South Africa; Agnes 



Seymore. born November 10, 1865, mar- 
ried William Fairchild, of Summit town- 
ship, Essex county, and they have one child, 
whose name is Winifred. 

Albert Bailey Baldwin was nine years old 
when his parents returned to Orange for a 
rest from their missionary labors in China, 
and he olitained his early education in the 
district schools, attending the same for 
two years, when he went to Newton, Massa- 
chusetts, and there completed his studies. 
He entered upon the practical duties of life 
in Boston, Massachusetts, where he em- 
barked in the piano-tuning business in a 
large factory, where he remained for over 
fifteen years. In 1891 he returned to 
Orange and established himself in his trade, 
and has since built up a large and remuner- 
ative liusiness throughout the Oranges, 
where his popularity is a recognized fact. 

Mr. Baldwin celebrated his marriage on 
the 6th of May, 1884, when he was united 
to Miss Sarah J. Davis, a daughter of John 
and Harriet (Watson) Davis, and they are 
the parents of four children, as follows : 
Clifton Davis, born January 18, 1885; Alice 
Harriet, July 18, 1889; Albert Fairchild, 
March 8, 1892; and Cyril Crockett, Novem- 
ber 21, 1893. Both Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin 
are consistent members of the Congrega- 
tional church. 

Mrs. Baldwin, the mother of our sub- 
ject, was born in Bloomfield, New Jersey, 
and after spending fort\'-seven years of her 
life in the missionary fields of China, her 
health began to fail and she returned to the 
United States, finding a home with her 
daughter, Mrs. William Fairchild, at Sum- 
mit, New Jersey, where she passed to her 
eternal rest on the 29th of July, 1896. Mrs. 
Baldwin's maiden name was Harriet Fair- 
child, and her l)irth occurred on the 5th of 



ES8EX COUNTY 



175 



November, 1826, her mother Ijeing a very 
devout Cliristian. Tlie daughter received 
her education in the seminary of her native 
city, which was conducted by Mrs. Harriet 
B. Cook and her son, the former of wiiom 
was noted in parts of New Eng^land and 
New Jersey as an able teacher and achninis- 
trator. To the devotion and careful train- 
ing- of "Mother Cook" the loved pupil owed 
much of her fitness for future work on 
heathen soil. She was graduated at the 
seminary in 1847. having occupied for a few 
years, as a pupil, the position of assistant 
teacher, and on the 28th of September, in 
the same year, she married Rev. C. C. Bald- 
win, and together they sailed from Phila- 
delphia on the nth of November, 1847, by 
way of the Cape of Good Hope, to the 
newlv opened missionary field in Foo- 
Chow, reaching that city on the 7th of May, 
1848. Mrs. Baldwin was unusually effi- 
cient in various branches of mission work, 
and of her many labors her husl)and writes 
appreciati\'ely as follows : 

"For about seven years she superintend- 
ed the first regularly organized girls" board- 
ing school. Her peculiar gifts and fitness 
for educational work also found full scope, 
almost from the beginning of the mission, 
in organizing and managing numerous 
common schools. She worked courageous- 
ly and persistently, believing that such 
schools, under wise and improved methods, 
would prove a success even among heath- 
en people, in spite of their inveterate preju- 
dices. In a like spirit she visited women in 
their homes, trusting that they could be 
raised from their degradation by the love 
and truth in Christ. She liad very strong 
literary tastes, working with a keen relish 
over geographies and ma|)s in the Foo- 
Chow colloquial style, written in Chinese 



characters and now used in the three mis- 
sions, in schools, and sold among the peo- 
ple. ]\Iuch more serious was the task of 
preparing and publishing the Foo-Chow 
]\Ianual, and revising proof sheets of a dic- 
tionary of ele\en hundred pages in English 
and Chinese. This she did in concert with 
her husbaiul, assisting him also in settling 
the text of his share of work in the transla- 
tion and revision of the whole Scriptures in 
the Foo-Chow dialect, her judicious sug- 
gestions helping him over the 'hard places.' 
One other cjualification for missionary work 
should be mentioned. She had rich poetical 
and musical talents. She dearlv loved 
sacred song and was herself a sweet singer 
till her voice failed in strength. She loved 
to write iiumorous rhymes, as well as more 
serious pieces, to please the little ones, 
while the lo\'e-light in her eyes was enough 
in itself to draw them close to her side. 
Scattered among her promiscuous pieces 
and hastily penciled jottings we find pre- 
cious gems of thought to remind us of the 
departed one." 

Mrs. W'oodin, who for thirty-six years la- 
bored side by side with Mrs. Baldwin, has 
expressed her affection and high regard for 
her co-laborer in the following terms : 

"Our dear sister, Mrs. Baldwin, pos- 
sessed rare qualifications for usefulness as a 
missionary. She was a fine Chinese schol- 
ar. I think we unanimously gave lier the 
first place among the missionary ladies at 
Foo-Chow for her thorough familiarity 
both with the written and spoken language. 
She was a laborious student of the native 
tongue, sparing neither time nor efifort that 
she might perfect herself in it. We young- 
er sisters all looked up to lier as our teach- 
er, and she was often called upon to answer 
difficult questions and give us the benefit 



1/6 



ESSEX COUXTY. 



of licr own experience. Ever ready to help 
us with her patient, loving words, many of 
the unmarried ladies of the mission claimed 
her as their 'Chinese mother.' The mission- 
ary children tlearly loved "Auntie Baldwin,' 
and her efforts to make them happy and 
give them a "good time' were always appre- 
ciated. She was no less loved and respected 
by the Chinese. Her fluent command of 
the language gave her direct access to the 
people and a great influence over both 
the heathen and the Christian Chinese. She 
impressed herself upon her pupils of both 
sexes, and some of our most active Chris- 
tian women owe much of their present 
strong consistent characters to her wise 
teachings and example. Her gentle and pa- 
tient manner especially met the tastes of the 
Chinese and won their confidence and aft'ec- 
tion. She was remarkably careful of her 
words, and I think she will have very few 
idle words to give an account for. To do 
her wdiole dntv and bless and help others 
as she could, seemed to be the ruling motive 
of her life." 

Mrs. H. W. Osgood, who, during the 
life of her husband. Dr. Osgood, was asso- 
ciated with Mrs. Baldwin in the Foo-Chow 
mission, has this to say of her : 

"Her acti\'e, useful life has been a bless- 
ing to others, and now she is at rest from 
her labors and her works will follow her 
both in China and America. How many 
Chinese women there are who will receive 
the tidings of her death with sad hearts 
and a feeling of personal loss ! She will live 
for years to come in the hearts antl homes 
of the Foo-Chow people. The o-irls whom 
she trained in school are making better 
wives and mothers to-day than thev would 
have done had they not been blessed by 
Airs. Baldwin's labors and influence." 



ELIAS HUNKELE, 

of Newark, was born in the state of 
Baden, in the ortschaft of Neuhausen, 
Germany, on the 3d of March, 1839, and 
is a son of Joseph A. and Rosa (Friton) 
Hunkele. His father followed the occupa- 
tion of blacksmithing as a life work. He 
was a Catholic in religious faith, and tlied 
in 1854, at the age of forty-seven years. 
The mother's death occurred in Newark, 
when she had reached the advanced age of 
eighty-foiu'. 

In the common schools Elias Hunkele 
acquired his education, and assisted in the 
labors of his father's farm until fifteen years 
of age. In 1854 he crossed the Atlantic to 
America, hoping here to find a better busi- 
ness opening than was assured in the land 
of his nativity. He sailed from Havre, 
France, on the 15th of March, and on the 
i()th of April landed at New York. He 
first went to Ir\'ington, where he worked 
for a year antl a half at the shoemaker's 
trade, and later was employed by various 
leather manufacturing concerns in Newark, 
at japanning leather. He followed that 
pursuit until the war, when his loyalty to 
his adopted country prompted his enlist- 
ment in the Union army. 

It was on the 3d of September, 1864, 
that Mr. Hunkele joined Company F, Thir- 
tv-ninth New Jersey Infantry, his brother 
John being captain of the company. He 
first saw service at Baltimore and City 
Point, and was assigned to an engineering 
cor])s. Later he went to Poplar Grove, 
A'irginia, and saw se\-ere service on picket 
dutv at Petersburg. At the close of the 
war he was honorably discharged, on the 
17th of June, 1865. 

Returning to the north Mr. Hunkele was 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



177 



emi)loyed at liis trade until 1869. after 
which he was variously engaged until 1874. 
In that year he embarked in the wholesale 
egg and cheese business at 193 Broome 
street, up to 1892, when he came to his 
present location. The business he has 
since conducted with remarkable success, 
his store being located at Xo. 35 Avon 
Place. Newark. 

Mr. Hunkele was married April 14, i8C)i, 
to Miss Catharine Huether, who was born 
May II, 1838, a daughter of George 
A. Huether, who was born in Baden, Ger- 
many, and was a cabinetmaker by trade, 
but after coming to America engaged in 
the manufacture of trunks in Newark. To 
Mr. and Airs. Hunkele have been born 
the following children : One who died in 
early life; Sophia R., who was born 
April 3, 1863, and died April 6, 1888; 
George A., who was born November 11, 
1866, and died November 13, 1869: Anna, 
who was born August 8, 1868, and died 
November 25, 1869; Harry H., who was 
born December 30, 1869, and married Miss 
Fredericka Roessler, by whom he has one 
daughter, Florence; Emma, who was born 
November 14, 1871, and married Charles 
Roessler, her death occurring June 30, 
1897, two children, Harry and Lilian, being 
left to mourn her loss; George, who was 
born September 5, 1873, '^"'^ is his father's 
assistant in business; Ann, born August 5, 
1875; Catharine, born December i, 1S7O; 
Rosa, born February 20, 1879; and Elias 
W., born IMarch 13, 1881. The three sons, 
Harry H., George and Elias W., are en- 
gaged with their father in business. 

The parents attend the Episcopal church, 

and Mr. Hunkele is a member of Lincoln 

Post, G. A. R., while to the Republican 

party he gives his political support. He is 

ii— 12 



an energetic business man, to whose nature 
imlolence and idleness are utterly foreign. 
He justly regards earnest, honorable lalDor 
as the road to advancement and financial 
success, and in this path he has reached the 
goal of prosperity. 



THE ORANGE VOLKSBOTE, 

which is printed in the German language, is 
de\oted to the interests of the German- 
American residents of the Oranges. It is 
Democratic in politics and is a six-column 
paper, issued weekly. It was established in 
1872. by Darnstaedt & Erdman. In 1876 
August Erdman, the junior partner, pur- 
chased Mr. Darnstaedt's interest in the pa- 
per. Mr. Erdman continued as its editor 
and publisher till his death in 1890, when he 
was succeeded by his son, Charles Erd- 
man. In 1892 Ernest Temme, a well 
known Newark newspaper man, bought the 
\'olksbote and he is still its editor and pro- 
prietor. He is also city editor of one of the 
Newark German dailies. The Orange 
Sonntagsblatt is a German paper published 
on Sundays. It was established in 1883 
bv August Koehler, its present editor and 
projirietor. It is Democratic in politics. 



THE ORANGE JOURNAL. 

So far as journalism is concerned. Orange 
was for many years a suburb of Newark, 
depending on the one Newark paper for its 
local news. With the exception of deaths 
and marriages, Orange supplied but little 
material for the columns of the pajier, but 
when, early in the "305, New York mer- 
chants commenced buying farm lands and 
converting them into villa plots, ample 
space was given to record the facts and 
other items of interest growing out of the 
change. It was not until 1854, when the 



178 



ENS EX cor \ TV 



new e'emcnt ha<l largely supplanted the 
old, that the people of Orange realized 
the importance of ha\'ing a weekly journal 
of their own. The project originated with 
Robert Seers, a New York publisher, who 
came to Orange in 1850. He talked oyer 
the matter with his friends and neighl^ors, 
and the result was that Edward Gardner 
offered to start a weekly paper, proyided 
the people of Orange would fiuniish a cap- 
ital of $1,000. A canvass was made and 
forty indiyidualssnbscribed $25 each, among 
wliom was E. O. Doremus, of East Orange, 
from whom these facts were obtained. The 
Orange Journal was then started, with Ed- 
ward Gardner as editor and proprietor. 

There were no separate local govern- 
ments then, and the four Oranges were un- 
der one name and municipality, and this 
was the only j^aper in Essex county out- 
side of the city of Newark. The size of the 
paper was then 24x37 inches, quarto, seven 
columns. In i860 Mr. Gardner disposed 
of the nroperty to Henry Clay Bloomfield 
and Henry Farmer. At this time it had en- 
larged its pages to 28x40 inches and in- 
creased the number of its columns to eight. 
These gentlemen retained proprietorship 
until July 13, 1861, when Mr. Gardner again 
took possession and remained at its head 
until April 30, 1870, and on May 2 of the 
same year he disposed of it to J. M. Reuck, 
of the New York Evening Post. For six 
years, or until April i. 1876, the Journal 
was conducted l)y Mr. Reuck as a Repub- 
lican paper, and on that date he disposed of 
it to Oliver Johnson, of the New York 
Tribune. Mr. Johnson brought to the ed- 
itor's chair an experience and ability which 
enabled him to advance the Journal to a 
leading position among the papers of the 
state. He made many improvements in the 



])aiier, changing it from a folio to a quarto, 
adding new t\pe and ex])ending a large 
sum in making it conform to his literary 
and artistic taste. Not having real- 
ized his monetary anticipations, Mr. 
Johnson disposed of his interest to 
Samuel Toombs then city editor, who 
at once changed the character of 
the pai)er by confining its work almost 
wholly to the local field, magnifying local 
interests, giving full and accurate reports of 
all local aft'airs. In 1883, believing that the 
time had come when the citizens of Orange 
would appreciate an advance in newspaper 
work, Mr. Toombs issued the Journal as a 
semi-weekly. He continued until 1885, 
when it was purchased by its present owner. 

As soon as Mr. Williams secured the 
Journal he thoroughly overhauled the es- 
tablishment, putting in a new Campbell 
press, with new type, and enlarging the 
paper to 2(>x42 inches, nine columns. 
The first issue under his manage- 
ment was on Ai)ril 17. 1885, but 
it was not until a later date that 
all the improvements were completed, and 
the Journal made an attractive appearance 
in its enlarged form, tidy dress and makeup. 

In June, 1895, the Journal was incor- 
])orated as the Orange Journal Publishing 
Company, under the laws of New Jersey, 
Mr. Williams, of course, retaining the con- 
trolling interest. The present memtjers of 
the editorial staff of the Journal are : Edgar 
Williams, editor and proprietor: Frank H. 
Jamison, city editor: Eugene W. Farrell, 
business manager: William J. Fitzgerald, 
advertising manager. The paper has stead- 
ily gained favor under the present manage- 
ment. 

In politics the Journal is Republican, but, 
although the editor continues the iMilicy of 



ESSEX COUyTY 



179 



his predecessors in maintaining the prin- 
ciples of the Repubhcan party, he is not 
so Ijiased that he cannot condemn his own 
part\- when occasion recjuires, or applaud 
a political adversary for meritorious acts. 
Not only is the Journal appreciated by resi- 
dents of the Oranges for the large amount 
of interesting local news furnished each 
week, but a glance at its columns shows 
that it is valued by merchants as an adver- 
tising medium, circulating as it does not 
only in the Oranges Init in some of the 
other villages about this noted cluster. The 
advertisers are not confined to the resi- 
dent merchants, but some of the largest 
houses of Xew York and Newark, realizing 
that the trade of Orange is not wholly con- 
fined to local houses, liberally advertise for 
a share of it. The progress and growth of 
the Oranges is reflected in the growth of 
the Journal, and it is a representative paper 
of a flourishing and highly-favored com- 
munity, a welcome visitor to homes where 
the word "welcome" is always uttered with 
the emphasis of sincerity. 

Edgar Williams, to whose energy and 
enterprise the Journal owes its greatest 
success, is the first one of its proprietors 
during its forty years' existence who is a 
native of Orange. His ancestors were 
among the sturdy founders of this portion 
of Essex county, while as a molder of pub- 
lic opinion he is foremost in the ranks of 
its modern builders. Earnest and inde- 
pendent as a man, he voices the sentiments 
of his party without being partisan. His 
utterances have no uncertain sound, and 
they come from the honest convictions of 
an honest heart, trained in the school of an 
honest ancestry. 

He was born in Orange, a son of Leander 
and Emilv Williams, and is a direct de- 



scendant of the first Matthew Williams, 
through ^Matthew (2), Gresham, Joseph, 
Zophar, Job, father of Leander. His great- 
grandfather, Joseph, served with the Essex 
countv militia in the war of the Revolution. 
Air. Williams' preparatory course of edu- 
cation was received in the public and pri- 
\'ate schools of his native city. Four years 
in the oftice of Blake & Freeman (one of 
the leading law firms in the county), with 
ample facilities for acc[uiring a knowledge 
of the law, failed to awaken in him any de- 
sire to follow that profession. Later, while 
a student at Phillips Academy, at Exeter, 
New Hampshire, he was enabled to gratify 
his taste for journalism which he formed 
in early life. He became business manager 
of the Exonian, a school paper that was 
highly creditable to its projectors. Even 
in this limited sphere he showed his capacity 
for this kind of work. He did not carry 
out his plan of entering college, owing to 
circumstances over which he had no con- 
trol. After he returned to his native city 
he decided to adopt journalism as a profes- 
sion. Being a Republican and a man of de- 
cided convictions, it was but natural that 
he should avail himself of the first oppor- 
tunity for engaging in work of this charac- 
ter, and when he found the Journal was for 
sale he was not long in deciding to pur- 
chase. For a man without practical knowl- 
edge or experience other than that men- 
tioned, his success has been marked. He 
had his own ideas of what a paper of this 
charact.er should be, and, with due defer- 
ence to his predecessors wdio had estab- 
lished the reputation of the Journal, he 
marked out a line for himself to which he 
has strictly adhered. "Principle, not pol- 
icy," is his motto, and while working for 
the success of his party he has ne\-er hesi- 



i8o 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



tated to criticise its acts nor to condemn its 
individual members when occasion re- 
quired. Tliat his efforts to serve his par- 
ty have been appreciatetl was sliown at 
the sessions of the legislatures of 1894-5, 
when he was made engrossing clerk of the 
house, an office of great responsibility and 
trust, the duties of which he discharged to 
the satisfaction of the legislature and by uni- 
form courtesy won the approbation of all 
parties. In 1896 Mr. Williams was ap- 
pointed to the corresponding office in the 
senate, where he added to the good reputa- 
tion made in the house. 

Mr. Williams is in touch with every 
movement that tends to promote the moral, 
intellectual or physical develo[)ment of his 
native city. He is a member of the Orange 
Board of Trade, the New England Society, 
East Orange Republican Club, East Or- 
ange Improvement Society, Orange 
Athletic Club and Orange Council, 
Royal Arcanum. He is also a member of 
the Society of the Sons of the American 
Revolution, bv virtue of his great-grand- 
father's service in the war of the Revolu- 
tion, Dr. John Condit. who was surgeon of 
Colonel Van Cortlandt's battalion of 
Heard's brigade. 

Mr. Williams married Miss Gertrude A. 
Robinson, daughter of James Roljinson, of 
East Orange. His chiklren are Revsis G., 
Edgar and Kathryn Smith. 

Eugene William Farrell was born in 
South Orange, July 22, 187 1. He is the 
business manager of the Orange Journal 
and the South Orange Bulletin, both pub- 
lished liy the Orange Journal Publishing 
Company. Mr. Farrell was educated 
in the parochial and public schools 
of his native tillage. When he 
left school he went to work as of- 



fice boy in the office of the South Orange 
Bulletin when that paper was owned by F. 
D. Crozier. Mr. Farrell soon showed his 
love for the newspaper business, and while 
with the Bulletin he became South Orange 
correspondent for the Newark Daily Ad- 
vertiser. Mr. Farrell left Mr. Crozier's em- 
ploy to accept a position in the office 
of the Orange Journal, and when Edgar 
Williams, the editor of the Journal, bought 
the Bulletin. Mr. Farrell was made business 
manager of both papers. Aside from his 
connection with the Orange Journal Pub- 
lishing Company. Mr. Farrell and Frank 
H. Jamison represent out of town papers 
as their correspondents for the Oranges, in- 
cluding the Newark Evening News and the 
New York Sun. Mr. Farrell is well known 
in the newspaoer fraternity in Essex county 
and is vice, president of the Newark Press 
Club. 

Frank Harrison Jamison, city editor of 
the Orange Journal, was born in Orange on 
Deceml^er 20, 1873, and for the past four 
years has been connected with the Jour- 
nal, serving as reporter for a year, then be- 
ing made city editor. Air. Jamison has al- 
ways been interested in newspaper work. 
When thirteen years of age he began con- 
tributing to the Newark Sunday Call from 
seaside resorts and served that paper as a 
summer correspondent for five years. He 
was educated at the Orange high school, 
graduating in 1892. During the last two 
years of his course there he edited and pub- 
lished High School Life, founding the pa- 
per in 1891. W'ith his graduation the paper 
discontinued publication. During the four 
vears of his high-school course he was em- 
ployed at the Orange postoffice as clerk in 
the registry and money-order departments. 
In addition to his work on the Journal Mr. 



ESSEX COUXTV 



i8i 



Jamison conducts, in conjunction with 
Eugene W. Farrell, a successful newspaper 
correspondence bureau. 

William J. Fitzgerald, the advertising 
manager of the Orange Journal and the 
South Orange Bulletin, was born in South 
Orange, on September 12, 1871. He was 
educated in the Maplewood public school 
and in St. Mary's parochial school, South 
Orange. Mr. Fitzgerald has only been in 
the newspaper business for three years, but 
during that time he has made a good rec- 
ord as an advertising solicitor. He is a 
wide-awake and energetic young man. Be- 
fore accepting a position with the Orange 
Journal Publishing Company, Mr. Fitz- 
gerald did suburban work for the Newark 
Daily Advertiser. 



THE ORANGE RECORD. 

The next to enter the field for journalistic 
honors was the Orange Record, started in 
1867 by Michael Purcell, a former em- 
ploye of the Journal. Others had already 
conceived the idea of starting another pa- 
per, believing the time was ripe for such 
an enterprise, but Purcell, being on the 
spot, was the first to make the attempt. 
His means were limited and he had many 
obstacles to contend with, and after a few 
months' trial he sold his interest to Hugh 
P. Shields, a bright young Irishman, who 
had served in the war and acquired some 
experience as a newspaper correspondent. 
He met with no better success, however, 
than his predecessor, and the Record ex- 
pired just before Christmas, in 1868. 



THE ORANGE CHRONICLE. 

The death of the Recorfl in its infancv did 
not discourage Frank ^^^ Baldwin from 
making another attempt in this direction. 



He had watched the growth of his native 
town and was nearly ready to begin opera- 
tions when his rival unexpectedlv came 
to the front. When at last the opportunity 
came for carrying out his cherished project, 
he hurried to his native town and pur- 
chased the plant of the Record, which had 
fallen into the hands of its creditors. As- 
sociated with him in the enterprise was Jo- 
seph Atkinson. It was found that the plant 
of the Record could be purchased for eight 
hundred dollars; as the partners had but 
two hundred each to invest, the balance re- 
mained on chattel mortgage. They began 
operations on January 19, 1869, in a little 
store oil Main street. The ensuing nine 
days were occupied in preparing for the first 
issue of the Orange Chronicle, and on Sat- 
urday, January 2/. the first edition made 
its appearance, having been printed on a 
Washington hand press. Four members of 
the craft connected with the Newark Jour- 
nal came up and worked until midnight, 
without pay, to aid their fellow-craftsmen 
in getting their paper out on time. One 
thousand copies were printed, but many of 
these were distributed free in order to in- 
troduce the paper, and it was not until the 
second or third issue that the bona-fide cir- 
culation was established. Then the regular 
edition settled down to between two hun- 
dred and three hundred, from which point 
it steadily increased. Isaac P. Baldwin, 
the father of Frank W., rendered material 
aid to his son in soliciting and collecting. 
In September, 1869, Mr. Atkinson sold his 
interest to Joseph B. Loomis, and in Octo- 
ber, 1870, Frank W. Baldwin purchased the 
latter's interest, since which time, up to date 
of incorporation, in 1892, he has been its 
sole owner. 

The Chronicle grew in favor and on July 



i8j 



ESSEX COUNTY 



2T,. 1870, it was enlarged from a seven col- 
umn paper, ^4x36 inches, to an eight-col- 
umn sheet, 27^x41-^. A cylinder press was 
purchased, operated by man power, capable 
of printing- one thousand impressions per 
hour. On October i, 1881, the Chronicle 
was enlarged to 28x42, and again on Octo- 
ber 23, 1883, to 29x42. The size of the 
page was reduced on May 12, 1888, to 26 
X40, but two more pages were added, and 
subsequently two pages at once till the 
maximum normal issue has reached four- 
teen pages. Special holiday e<litions of six- 
teen pages and cover, handsomely illumi- 
nated, have been issued during the past 
five or six years, and on January 27, 1894 — 
the twenty-fifth anniversary of its first pub- 
lication — the Chronicle appeared in one of 
the most beautifully illuminated covers 
ever issued from any suburban press. This 
edition contained a complete history of the 
enterfirise from its inception to that time, 
including brief notices of the several mem- 
bers of the editorial staff who had been con- 
nected with it at various periods. The of- 
fice and composing room were also in- 
cluded, and every one — from foreman to 
"devil" — was honorably mentioned. Among 
those who have contributed materially to its 
success are : Elbridge G. Bunnell, first 
city editor; Isaac P. Baldwin; A. H. Ward, 
foreman; Charles Starr, city editor (now 
editor and proprietor of the East Orange 
Gazette; L. C. McChesney, city editor; 
Horace E. Kimball, and F. C. Shann. 

In April, 1889, the first bookbindery ever 
existing in Orange was established as a 
part of the Chronicle plant. The enterprise 
was an experiment, but has exceeded the 
anticipations of its proprietor and has 
received the hearty encouragement and 
support of the business community. As a 



family jjaper, neutral in politics, the Chron- 
icle has few equals and no superior in the 
state of New Jersey. Clean, bright, newsy 
and attractive, it is always a welcome visitor 
in the homes of the Oranges. 

Frank Wilfred Baldwin, the founder of 
the Orange Chronicle, is a lineal descendant 
of one of the founders of the Oranges, and 
has been one of the most successful builders. 
In molding public opinion, in jjromoting 
public enterprises and in educating the 
masses up to a higher standard of virtue 
and morality, he has rendered valuable 
service to the i^lace of his birth. His line 
of descent is through — 

Joseph Baldwin, of Milford, Connecti- 
cut. 1639, who by his first wife, Hannah, 
had Joseph, born 1640; Benjamin, 1642; 
Hannah, 1644; Mary, 1645; Eliza, 1646; 
Martha, 1647; Jonathan, 1649; David, 
1651, and Sarah, 1653. Of these, Joseph, 
Benjamin and Jonathan are named among 
the Newark settlers. Jonathan was born 
February 15, 1649; married, first, Hannah 
\\'ard; second. Thankful Strong: hail a son, 
John; and died December 13. 1730. John 
was born ]\Iay 22, 1683, died January 20, 
1773. He had a son, Ezekiel, who was born 
December 19, 1719. His son, Caleb Bald- 
win, was born October 21, 1757, and mar- 
ried Lvdia Johnson, and had eight children, 
of whom Isaac, the fifth, was born July i, 
1 79 1, married Nancy Hopper, and had a 
son named Isaac Preston. The latter was 
born on Scotland street. Orange, June 17, 
1 82 1, married Abby Dean, daughter of 
VinerDean. The second child of this mar- 
riage was Frank Wilfred. 

Frank Wilfred Baldwin was born on the 
corner of Valley road and Mount Pleasant 
avenue. Orange, June 26, 1846. Starting 
out in life at the earlv age of thirteen, with 



i:ssi:x rorxTY. 



183 



a fair knowledge of the elementary branches 
acquired at the public schools of his native 
town, he was soon able to support himself. 
He worked at odd jobs for the tirst three or 
four years, and in 1862 found employment 
as clerk with a New York publishing firm. 
He availed himself of this opportunity to 
acquire a knowledge of the details of other 
departments than that to which he was as- 
signed, especially of the printing depart- 
ment, with which he became thoroughly 
familiar. In 1868 he obtained employment 
in the office of the Newark Daily Journal, 
and there received his journalistic training 
which was the foundation of his successful 
career as editor and publisher of one of the 
best conducted weeklies in the state of New 
Jersey. He did not wait for "something to 
turn up," Init with true journalistic enter- 
prise he was quick to "turn up" the first 
opportunity which presented itself, and he 
got in ahead of his comijetitor and secured 
the prize. But for his indomital)le will, te- 
nacity and steadfastness of purpose, the 
prize might have slipped from his grasp, for 
he had little conception of the obstacles to 
be met and overcome. The plant which he 
purchased of his predecessor was limited in 
quantity and poor in (pialitw His little 
cash capital was soon exhausted and with 
little or no credit, "a steady outgo for ma- 
terials and wages, it was for a time up-liill 
work, and oftentimes so discouraging that 
thoughts of giving up the struggle often 
presented themselves." He held on, how- 
ever, and his efforts were e\-entually 
crowned with success. The name selected 
for the paper w-as an indication of the char- 
acter of its founder — a true and faithful 
chronicler of passing e\'ents. On January 
27, 1894, he celebrated the twenty-fifth an- 
niversary of the founding of the Chronicle. 



and, without egotism, he could truly say, 
"This is my monument." From the begin- 
ning of his journalistic career his individual- 
ity has been stami)ed on every page of his 
journal and he has invariably pursued a 
straightforward, independent course, with- 
out fear or favor. His belief in the brother- 
hood of man has been exemplified in his 
treatment of his employes, some of wdiom 
have grown up with him from boyhood, 
and through his assistance and encourage- 
ment have not only accumulated property 
but ha\-e become "bright and shining 
lights" in the i)rofession. ' 

With journalism as a profession, the cul- 
tivation of his musical talents and the pro- 
motion of musical organizations has been 
his pastime. He founded, in 1881, the 
Orange Mendelssohn Union, composed of 
the best musical talent in the Oranges, and 
this has been one of the most successful 
organizations of its kind in this or any 
other suburban city or township in the 
state. Gifted by nature with a good tenor 
voice and a passionate love of music, ]Mr. 
Baldwin has availed himself of every oppor- 
tunity for the cultivation of vocal and in- 
strumental music from early childhood, and 
during this period he has enjoyed frecjuent 
intercourse with the musical celebrities of 
the day. His influence in the community 
in educating the people up to a high stan- 
dard of musical attainment has been 
marked and positive. He has achieved dis- 
tinction as a musical critic and is a per- 
former on the violin and other stringed in- 
struments. Of these he has a rare and val- 
uable collection. 

Air. Baldwin married, first, Frances Eliza 
Love, daughter of Samuel G. Love, of 
^^'estern New York, for many years super- 
intendent of the schools of Jamestown, and 



1 84 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



one of the first to introduce manual train- 
ing in the pul)lic schools. Four children 
were the issue of this marriage. The sec- 
ond wife of j\lr. Baldwin was Miss Harriet 
M. E. Cox. daughter of Thomas C. and 
Harriet E. Cox, a descendant of an old 
New Jersey family. Mr. Baldwin lias been 
for twenty-five years a member of the New 
Jersey Editorial Association and was its 
president in 1891. He is also a member of 
the New England Society, of Orange. 

Leonard C. McChesney, city editor of 
the Chronicle, assumed charge of his de- 
partment with but a limited experience to 
fit him for the work; but he applied him- 
self to the task with untiring industry, and 
rapidly developed an instinct for news. The 
news columns of the Chronicle and its con- 
tinued growth in public favor are the best 
evidence of Air. McChesney's fitness for the 
position. He is a man of good judgment as 
well as business capacity and is popular 
with the patrons of this journal. He was 
born in Orange, November 7, 1859: edu- 
cated at the public school; engaged in vari- 
ous business enterprises until June i, 18S2, 
when he began his connection with the 
Chronicle. His ancestor was one of the 
early settlers on the Northfield road. West 
Orange. 

Horace E. Kimball has passed his first 
decade as a member of the Chronicle staff, 
his connection with the paper dating from 
1886. As a news-gatherer he is wide- 
awake, earnest, industrious. He penetrates 
every nook and corner of the Oranges and 
nothing worthy of record escapes his 
notice. 

Mr. Kimball is the eldest child of Horace 
Kimball, M. D., — the first resident dentist 
of Orange — and Mary Davenport (Fisher) 
Kimball, daughter of Rev. Samuel Fisher. 



He was born in Clyde, Wayne county. New 
York, September 18, 1839. while his par- 
ents were there on a visit. He was brought 
to Orange by his parents when he was five 
years of age. He attended the iniblic schools 
both here and in New York city, and later 
entered the Free Academy, now the Col- 
lege of the City of New York. During his 
sophomore year he left that institution and 
engaged in business. Soon after the 
breaking out of the war he raised Company 
G, of the Fourth New York Heavy Artil- 
lerv, was commissioned first lieutenant and 
served in the defense of Washington. He 
was afterward transferred to Ullman's bri- 
gade, was commissioned captain and trans- 
ferred to New Orleans; participated in the 
siege of Port Hudson; served on General 
Burke's stati' as assistant engineer, and con- 
structed the seventeen-gun battery on the 
left of the line. Returning to New York at 
the close of the war. he engaged in busi- 
ness for a time on his own account and was 
afterward editor of Brainartl's Musical 
World. He came to Orange in 1878 and 
in 1886 he joined the staft' of the Chronicle. 



RE\'. CHARLES S. COIT, 

of Irvington, is an honored representative 
of two pioneer American families, and is de- 
scended in a direct line from the Coits of 
Glamorganshire. Wales, and from the 
de Places whose agnatic ancestor, Victor 
Hugo de Place, was the first of this family 
in England. 

With reference to the Coits, '"Groves' An- 
tiquities of England and Wales" reveals to 
us that the exact time when Coity (also 
spelled Coite) castle was first erected seems 
uncertain, though in all probability it was 
built about the year 1091 by Payanus de 





c:^c>-r^4- 



-iC LIBRAP-' 



\\ litor, Lenox Jnd Tiiiter 
\\ foun'tations. 



ESSEX rOUXTY. 



i8S 



Tuljerville, one of the twelve Norman 
knights who seized the lordship of Glamor- 
gan under Robert Fitzhamon. 

The first American Coit was John, who 
came, probably, from their native heath, 
Glamorganshire, between 1630 and 1638. 
He was granted a tract of land in Salem, 
Massachusetts, this latter year. He re- 
moved to Gloucester in 1644. where in 
1647 he was made a freeman and. in 164S. 
a selectman. He was a land-owner on 
Planter's Xeck and a lot-holder at W'heel- 
er's Point. The records of New London, 
Connecticut, show that he was granted 
land in that colony on October 19. 1650. 
He was the first of a long line of ship car- 
penters. John Coit was married in Eng- 
land to ]\Iary Ganners or Jenners. and all 
their children were Ijorn before their ar- 
rival in America. He died in 1659 and his 
wife in 1676. Only his descendants in a 
direct line to the subject of this review are 
herewith presented. 

Joseph Coit, son of John and INIarv Coit. 
was a shipbuilder in New London. Con- 
necticut, carrying on a large business for 
his day. He married Martha Harris, of 
Wethersfield. in 1647. He died in 1704 
and his widow three years later. Xearlv 
or quite all the Coits in America are de- 
scended from him. 

John Coit. the eldest child of Deacon 
Joseph and IMartha Coit. was born in New 
London. December i. 1670. He spent 
a long life in pursuit of the busi- 
ness of his father, and for this purpose the 
town granted him, in 1689, ground for a 
new shipyard near the Point of Rocks. He 
married Mehetabel Chandler. June 25. 
1693, died in 1744, and his widow in 1758. 

John, son of John and Mehetabel Coit, 
was born in New London, May 25, 1699. 



He pursued the occupation of his ancestors 
in Bank street, the city of his birth, as late 
as 1743. In 1758 he was town clerk. His 
first wife was Grace Christophers and his 
second wife was Hannah Potter. 

Samuel Coit. fourth child of John and 
Grace Coit. was born in New I^ondon. Oc- 
tober 14, 172C). He was a shipbuilder and 
was married to Elizabeth Ely, daughter of 
David and Elizabeth Richards, February 
18, 1753. He died in November. 1792. and 
his widow in August. 1794. His son, Sam- 
uel, the grandfather of our subject, was 
born in the city of his fathers June 17, 
1 70 1, succeeded to the occupation of his 
long line of honorable ancestors, married 
Silvia Lewis November 28, 1782, and died 
]\Iay 22. 1845, followed by his widow April 
18, 1851. 

Samuel Coit, and his son, Samuel, Jr., 
fought in the Revolutionary war. Samuel 
Coit was a private in the first alarm-list 
company, in the Third Regiment of militia 
in the state of Connecticut, under the com- 
mand of Captain John Deshon; Winthrop 
Saltinstall, lieutenant. Samuel Coit, Jr., 
was a private in Captain John Hempstead's 
company of militia in New London, Con- 
necticut. 

Nathaniel Coit, Rev. C. S. Coit's father, 
and third son of Samuel and Silvia Coit, 
was born in New London, December 28, 
1786. and died in Bloomfield. New Jersey, 
July 8. 1866. He began an apprenticeship 
at boat-making with his uncle, David Coit, 
in New York city, at the age of fourteen, 
but before he liecame of age he abandoned 
his trade for the grocery business. He was 
called out in 1813 to join the state militia 
in defense of New York city, at Harlem 
Heights, in our second war with England. 
Li 1827 he removed his family to his new- 



1 86 



ESSEX COfXTY. 



Iv purchased farm al Hhiomrield. New Jer- 
sey, where lie dieil. He retained his Inisi- 
ness in Xew York till the close of the '40s, 
when he devoted his last years to the duties 
of a fanner. In business he was active, 
prompt, energetic and honest to a fault. He 
was a diligent student of the times, 
and watched with much interest the 
progress of political events. Next to 
his God and family he loved his 
country, and during the late Rebel- 
lion he regretted that only age prevent- 
ed him from active participation in tlie war 
for the preservation of the Union. He was 
an earnest, constant Christian worker, 
joined the John Street Methodist Episco- 
pal church in New York city early in life 
and was a member of that denomination at 
his death. For nearly forty years he had 
charge of a class of colored people in Ann 
street. New York, and until the close of 
his life maintained a warm interest in every 
movement which sought the elevation of 
that people. In his more advanced vears 
it was frequently his ])ractice to walk long 
distances to spend a Sabbath in Christian 
labor with a neighboring church. 

Mr. Coit was twice married, his first w'ife 
being -Esther Olmstead, of Wilton, Con- 
necticut, whom he married March 9, 1807, 
and his second wife being Mariam, the 
youngest daughter of James and Sarah 
Place, of Hempstead, Long Island, whom he 
married December 18, 1820. He was the 
father of three children by his first mar- 
riage aufl of six by his second. The first 
born of his last marriage was Rev. Charles 
S. Coit, the immediate subject of this men- 
tion. Mariam Place Coit was descended 
from the de Place mentioned in the intro- 
duction to this article. Pie it was who re- 
belled against King John on the occasion of 



the signing of the Alagna Charta in 1215. 
He was a l)aron and held seven knights' 
fees in Lloyd and W'erherbourne, in the 
county of Stafl-'orcl. The American Places 
start with Peter Place, who settled in Bos- 
ton in 1635, having crossed the w'ater in the 
"Truelove," at about twenty years of age. 
From the best obtainable evidence the 
Rhode Island Places descended from one 
Peter I'lace, of Providence, believed to 
have been a son of the Boston Place wdiose 
ancestors were the de Places prominent in 
English history in the time of King John 
and the Edwards. The chain connecting 
James Place, our subject's grandfather, 
with Boston or Providence Places ha? not 
been linked and welded, but there can be 
no doubt of their kinship. They seem to 
have scattered o\'er the wdiole of southern 
New England: and as James Place w-as 
born on Long Island, and died (of yellow 
fever) in New York in 1799. it is correct to 
presume they were descended from a com- 
mon parent. 

The Re\'. Charles S. Coit was born in the 
cit}- of Xew \'ork April 14, 1822. He 
di\ided his time, from the age of fi\'e to 
seventeen, between his father's farm at 
Bloomfield, New Jersey arM the common 
school. In iiis father's absence the su- 
pervision of the farm work fell to his lot, 
and the knowledge he gained then, of busi- 
ness and of men, has been of vast service 
to him. In his youth he acquired a fair 
knowledge of history and science. In his 
sixteenth year he was a pupil of Mr. I. K. 
McDonald at the Bloomfield Academy and 
a schoolmate of Re^•. J. D. Ward, Amzi 
Dodd and others. Pie acquired also a fond- 
ness for practical architecture and from the 
age of se\'enteen to twentv he made sundry 
attempts in Brooklju antl in New York to 



ESSEX COUNTY 



187 



acquire a knowledge of it, Init for perhaps 
providential reasons he failed. One of his 
employers was burned out, the other failed 
in business, and returning home in 1S43 he 
attended a revival meeting then in progress 
at Montclair, his conversion followed and 
soon afterward his union with the ^letho- 
dist Episcopal church. When called to the 
ministry he felt the need of l^etter prepara- 
tion for that work, and turned his attention 
to the study of theology under the direction 
of his pastor, Re\'. C. S. Van Cleve, sta- 
tioned at Montclair. While a student at 
Pennington Seminary he did much effect- 
tive work for Christ among his fellow 
students, some of whom became his fellow 
laborers in the pulpit. He closed his col- 
lege labors in July, 1846, antl was appoint- 
ed by Presiding Elder Felch.of New Jersey, 
in Septemlier following as a supjily on San- 
diston circuit, Sussex county, on the Dela- 
ware river. His first year's labor put his 
Christian fortitude and his physical strength 
to a severe test, yet he was equal to the de- 
mands, and at its close he received a recom- 
mendation to the New Jersey conference 
'"as a young man well qualified for the work 
of the ministry." In 1847 he was admitted 
as a probationer, and after successfully pass- 
ing his examinations was admitted to full 
membership. Since that date for more than 
fifty-one years he has been a zealous and 
successful minister of the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. 

The following is a partial list of the ap- 
pointments he has filled since his admis- 
sion to the conference: New Prospect, 
Rockland Lake, New York; Port Jervis, 
New York; Hackensack, Hackettstown, 
Pitman Church, New Brunswick (where he 
built that church and was its first i)astor). 
Hoboken, Madison, Bethel (Staten Island), 



Newark, New Providence, Fulton Street, 
Elizabeth, Newton district as presiding 
elder four years, Doser (New Jersey), 
Grace church at I'aterson, La Fayette 
church in Jersey City, presiding elder of 
the Paterson district four years. Centenary 
church (Newark), Newton and De Groot 
cliurch (Newark), besides Ijcing corres- 
ponding secretary of the Preachers' Aid 
Society four years. 

His efiiciency as a presiding elder was 
marked. His districts were large, rough 
and mountainous, with many appointments, 
requiring him to preach often. Fre- 
quently, w hen his regular official work was 
done, at his quarterly meetings, he would 
remain to assist in special efforts, thus 
cheering and greatly aiding his preachers 
in their fields of labor. 

Rev. C. S. Coit's gifts are those of the 
highest practical order. He has a warm 
heart and a genial nature, and the culture 
he has acquired makes him a safe counselor, 
a warm friend, a pleasant companion, and 
an interesting and instructive preacher. His 
pulpit eft'orts are often ^•ery eft'ective. In 
the midst of an earnest exhortation, while 
the audience is throl:)bing with emotion, 
under his thrilling wortls, he will occasion- 
ally add to the interest of the occasion by 
some appropriate melody, and thus more 
deeply impress his subject upon the hearts 
of his people. His sermons are character- 
ized bv great simplicity and directness of 
aim. They are frequently adorned with 
quaint and original figures. His old par- 
ishoners \\\\\ recognize some of the follow- 
ing: "A bad thought placed in a child's 
mind is like the egg which an insect de- 
posits in the blossom: it hatches before 
the fruit is ripe." "His speech is like the 
bee, darting hither and thither, carrying 



1 88 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



honey and a sting." "Tlie church sup- 
porting itself by fairs and worldly enter- 
tainments is a trolley car drawn by old 
discarded horses." "In fishing for souls 
spearing is sometimes more efficient than 
netting." 

Rev. Coit has been peculiarly successful 
as an administrator. He is a man of affairs. 
He has a quick discernment, a rare practical 
sagacity, a strong will, and a genius for or- 
ganization. He studies the materialities of 
his church with the minute care of a mer- 
chant. He served two terms in the elder- 
ship, with great credit to himself and the 
blessing of the districts. He has done ex- 
cellent service as trustee of the INIount Ta- 
bor camp-ground, Hackettstown Institute 
and Drew Theological Seminary. He has 
been a member for twenty years of the 
missionary board of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church: he has represented his confer- 
ence at the Wesleyan and Syracuse Uni- 
versities, and in 18S4 he was elected a re- 
serve delegate to the general conference. 
For four years he was corresponding secre- 
tary of the Preachers' Aid Society, which 
he reorganized iii 1889. In 1893 he took 
a supernumerary relation in the Newark 
conference. 

Rev. Mr. Coit has always possessed a pas- 
sionate love for the country. When Provi- 
dence clearly indicated that the end of his 
active ministry was approaching he was 
greatly relieved by the purpose he had cher- 
ished of spending liis closing years amid 
rural scenes, and in employments which had 
gilded the dreams of his life. He and his 
wife planned and erected a commodious 
house on their Irvington plat, to which he 
retired in 1891. With the memory of fifty 
years in the ministrv, — an only son carrving 
the mantle his father has laid aside. — his 



immediate familv in their normal health anil 
his own reinvigorated. the evening of his 
life began with golden promise. 

December 22, 1852. Rev. Coit was mar- 
ried to R. Malinda. only tlaughter of the 
late Demas Harrison, of Newark, and half 
sister of the Rev. James M. Tuttle, of the 
Newark conference. Mrs. Coit was born 
at Caldwell, New Jersey, January 30, 1831; 
educated in Newark Academy, Borden- 
town, and Wesleyan Institute, Newark: 
was converted in her girlhood, and for forty 
years was "a tower of strength" to her hus- 
band in his ministerial labors. There was 
no place she touched that did not feel her 
inspiring influence. She was a natural lead- 
er in every circle she entered, and all her 
strength was spent for Christ in the service 
of others. Her generosity is known 
throughout the churches. All the institu- 
tions of the conference were tlie recipients 
of her benefactions. For many years she 
was closely identified with the \\'(iman's 
Foreign Missionary Society, and supported 
a Bible reader in India, who bears her name. 

Their two children are : Rev. Olin B. 
Coit, D. D., of Potsdam, New York; and 
Miss Burnettie Place Coit. Mrs. Coit died 
April 13, 1892, as bravely as she lived. One 
of her last declarations was, 

"I would rather walk in the dark with God, 

than go alone in the light, 
I'd rather walk by faith with Him than go 

alone by sight." 

Rev. Olin B. Coit, D. D., oldest child of 
our subject, was prepared for college at 
Morristown, New Tersev, and Wilbraham, 
Massachusetts, and was graduated at the 
\\'esleyan University in 1877. He was 
professor of languages and mathematics 
in the University of Holly Springs, Missis- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



189 



sippi, and later entered Drew Theological 
Seminary, where he graduated in 1881. 
He spent some time with Bishop Hurst in 
travel in Europe, and upon entering the 
ministry regularly he was stationed at Al- 
pine, New Jersey, Mendham, Somerville, 
and in 1893 was appointed to Oswego, New 
York, which pastorate he filled most suc- 
cessfully for four years; he is now stationed 
at Potsdam. He married Emma Stitzer. of 
Philadelphia, and their four sons are Law- 
rence, Jay, Carl and Lynde. 

Their daughter. Burnettie Place Coit, 
attended several select schools before en- 
tering the Centenary Collegiate Insti- 
tute at Hackettstown, New Jersey, for 
a four-years course. Having completed 
that course she became a puj^l. in vocal 
music, of Mme. Florenza d'Arona, of New 
York city, and at length received from her a 
diploma as a graduate from her special 
"teachers' " course. Miss Coit resides in 
Irvington, New Jersey, where she is active- 
ly engaged in Christian work. 

In Rev. Mr. C. S. Coit's semi-centennial 
address, delivered Ijefore the Newark con- 
ference April 8, 1897, he summarized his 
experiences of fifty years in the ministry, in 
an address which Bishop Andrews declared 
was the best of the kind he had ever listened 
to, and concluded with the exhortation, "I 
commend to you the veterans of the minis- 
try. Do not leave them entirely to medita- 
tion and [jrayer; gi\-e them something to 
do, and they will be happy. You, your- 
selves, will soon take their places." 

The death of his wife did not cause him 
to flee from the scenes of his greatest sor- 
row. His character and the fiber of his 
faith are seen in the calm resolution with 
which he resumed the unfinished task at 
the point where death had for a moment in- 



terrupted it. It is evident to all who come 
in contact with him that his own spirit is 
the most fruitful garden he cultivates. He 
is visibly ripening in the atmosphere of 
"that better country which is heav- 
enly." 

Since the aliove sketch was written. Rev. 
C. S. Coit was suddenh' called to his heav- 
enly home, on March 6, 1898. After en- 
joying supper with his family, they had 
evening worship, as was their custom, 
choosing as the hymn to be sung one of his 
favorites, "Home of the Soul." He sang 
the last verse with unusual tenderness — 

"(Jh, how sweet it will be in that beauti- 
ful land. 
So free from all sorrow and pain. 
With songs on our lips and with harps in 
our hand. 
To meet one another again !" 

Before the sun arose the next morning he 
realized the joy of meeting those whom he 
loved "in that beautiful land." His death 
was as calm and beautiful as had been his 
life. 

A large number of ministers and other 
friends attended his funeral, which was held 
in Centenary church. Methodist Episcopal, 
at Newark, of which he had once lieen ))as- 
t(jr. It was said bv Bishop Hurst, who knew 
him well : "His is one of the lives on which 
there is no blemish from beginning to end. 
His great strength lay in his high sense of 
lionor and his perfect loyalty to the church 
and the kingdom of our Lord. He was 
never placed in a position of honor or con- 
fidence in which he did not prove himself 
worthv of the trust. His name and his 
deeds stand high on the honor roll of the 
Newark Methodist Ei)iscopal conference. 
He has gone to be 'forever with the Lord." " 



190 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



MERTOX B. OWEN, 

collector of taxes for Clinton township, Es- 
sex county. New Jersey, and a resident of 
Irvington. is a native of this place, born 
March 2. 1867; 

The family is of English origin. The 
grandfather of our subject. Charles J- 
Owen, was an Englishman who emigrated 
to this country early in his life, l)ecame 
a man of local prominence, was one of the 
original Republicans of his locality and was 
the organizer of the hrst Repul.)lican club 
at Irvington, during the Fremont cam- 
paign. His son. Charles J., married 
Sarah R., the tlaughter of Jabez 
Smith, and they had the following 
children: Alary E.. Charles J.. Mev- 
ton B., Horace G. and Beulah A.. — all 
residents of Irx'ington exce])t the eldest son. 
Charles T.. who lives at South Orange. New 
Jersey. 

Merton B. Owen was educated in the 
]>ublic schools of his native town, attend- 
ing school up to the time he was fourteen. 
At that time he went to the printer's case 
in the office of L. J. Hardh.am & Company. 
Newark, New Jersey, where he diligently 
applied himself and soon became master of 
the trade. Nine \-ears ago he secured a 
position on the Dailv Ad\"ertiser. where he 
is still occupied and where he is now a 
linotype operator. Like his father before 
him. Mr. Owen is an enthusiastic Repub- 
lican. Erom 1894 to 1897 he ser\-ed as a 
member of the township committee, and in 
April of the latter year was elected to his 
present position, that of collector of taxes, 
to succeed Thomas S. Osborne, lacing the 
candidate of all parties. 

Mr. Owen was married in August, 1894, 
to Miss Louisa J. Olirest. daughter of John 



Obrest. a farmer l)v occupation and of Cer- 
man extraction. Their only child is 
Helen R. 

Public-spirited, enterprising, genial and 
generous. Mr. ( )wen is held in high esteem 
by his fellow citizens and lias by them been 
honored with various positions of trust and 
responsibility. He is secretary of Erank- 
lin Lodge, E. & A. M.; secretary of the 
\'illage Improvement Societv: member of 
the fire department and president of its 
social organization. 



CALVIN RUT AN. 

The old Rutan homestead, located in 
Belleville township. Essex county, has been 
in possession of the family ever since 1731. 
— one hundred and sixty-seven years. Sam- 
uel Rutan. the founder of the famih- in this 
section, was of Erench descent, and in early 
life went to live with an aged gentleman 
named Bradbury, in whose service he re- 
mained for manv vears. When Mr. Rutan 
had attained his majority Mr. Bradbury 
gave him one hundred acres of land, which 
has since been in the possession of his de- 
scendants: and the ruins of the old stone 
house, which was the birthplace of nearly 
all the Rutans, may still be seen there. 
Henry Rutan, a son of Sanniel and the 
great-grandfather of our subject, would 
have taken part in the Revolutionary war, 
but was partially crippled and unaljle to do 
military duty. The disposition thus mani- 
fested stands as much to his credit as an 
intelligent, loyal citizen as though he ac- 
tually did ser\ice in the army. His son, 
Sanniel EI. Rutan, Jr.. the grandfather of 
Calvin, was born in the year 1776, — the 
vear that American inde])endence was de- 
clared, and he took jjart in the war of 1812 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



191 



asrainst Great Britain. He brought up two 
sons and two daugiiters, — Henry. Jolm, 
Ann ami Frances. Ann married Henry 
Joralemon. of Bellexille. and Frances mar- 
ried Amos Williams, of Newark; all are now- 
deceased. John was the father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch. The family have always 
been connected with agricultural ])ursuits. 
have been people of quiet and unassuming 
manner, honorable lives and genuine worth, 
commanding the respect of all. In politics 
they ha\'e been supporters of the \\'hig 
party and later of the Republican, but 
have never been aspirants for official hon- 
ors. 

Calvin Rutan was born May 29, 1841, 
on the old family homestead, which was also 
his playground in Iwyhood and his training- 
school for the duties of farm life. He now 
ow-ns the property and is successfuUv carrv- 
ing on agricultural pursuits, keeping pace 
w-ith the imi^rovements which are tjeing 
made in farmii-|g methods and machiner\-. 
His fields are well tilled, and the neat and 
thrifty apjiearance of his place indicates liis 
careful supervision. 

]\Ir. Rutan married Miss Rachel E. 
Stager, a daughter of Richard and Eliza- 
beth (Snyder) Stager, and they l-iave twci 
children : Howard, who was liorn June 24, 
1866, ancl now has charge of the hon-ie 
farm; and Stella, born July 5, 1868. The 
family attend the Dutch Reformed church, 
and in social circles hold an en\-iable posi- 
tion. 

During the civil war Mr. Rutan mani- 
fested his loyalt}- to the go\-ernnient bv en- 
listing, in 18(12, in Companv C, Twcntv- 
sixth New- Jersey Infantry, under Captain 
Samuel H. Pemlierton. He served for nine 
months on the Potomac, under the com- 
mand of Generals Burnside and Hooker, 



and participated in the battlesof Fredericks- 
burg and Marye's Heights and a number of 
minor engagements. He has ever been 
loval and true to his country's interests, is 
a public-spirited and progressive citizen and 
withholds his support from no enterprise 
designed to benefit the puljlic. 



AARON DE CAMP, 

for manv \-ears numbered among the lead- 
ing citizens of Essex county, worthily rep- 
resents one of the honored pioneer fam- 
ilies whose identification with public af- 
fairs materialb- aihanced the interests of 
the community, and was in the war of the 
Revolution. The founder of the De Camp 
family in America was a native of Holland 
and married a lady of French descent. He 
settled in Caldwell township, Essex county, 
and became the owner of a large tract of 
land, obtaining the grant from the Queen 
of England. He followed farming as a life 
vocation and was an influential member of 
the community. His children were Moses, 
w-ho married a Miss Williams; Benjamin, 
Daniel, Polly, Deborah and Abbie. The 
father spent his entire life upon the farm 
and died in old age. Benjamin De Camp, 
the next in line of direct descent, was born 
in Essex county, and married Dorcas Wil- 
liams, a daughter of Jonathan Williams, 
familiarly known as Squire Williams. In 
earlv life Benjamin De Camp learned the 
mason's trade, which he always followed 
as a means of livelihood. He also owned a 
farm, which was worked by his sons. He 
was in the war of 181 2, serving as captain 
of a company, and was stationed at Sandy 
Hook. In politics he was a Whig, and he 
and his faniil>- were members of the Pres- 
bvterian church of Caldwell. His death 



192 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



occurreil aljout 1823. In liis family were 
the following; named : Phoebe, ]\Iary Ke- 
turah, Timothy, Aaron, Jonathan and Har- 
rison. 

Aaron De Camp, the second son of the 
family, was reared and edncated in Living- 
ston township, atteniling the schools of the 
neighborhood. In early life he learned the 
mason's trade nnder the direction of his 
father and followed that pursuit through- 
out his acti\'e business life; and amid the 
first work that he did was a task on the 
construction of the old city hall in New- 
ark in 1836. He was also the owner of 
a farm which yielded to him a good income, 
but has lately sold most of his land and is 
now living retired on the old homestead, 
unencumbered l)y the responsibilities of 
business life. His career has been one of 
activity and industry and his rest is well de- 
served. 

Mr. De Camp was married to Miss Mary 
Tompkins, a daughter of Ezra Tompkins, 
of Livingston township, belonging to one 
of the old families. Their children are W' il- 
ber W., concerning wdiom individual men- 
tion is made in this compilation ; George E., 
whose sketch inunediatelv follows this; 
Thomas J. ; .'Xaron Bentley, who is engaged 
in the ice business in V'erona; Emma E., 
who became the wife of Dr. Halsey and wdio 
died in 1884; Joseph Edgar, of Verona, 
one of the prominent freeholders of the 
county; and Katie, at home. 

In his political views Aaron De Camp is 
a Republican, but he has never sought or 
desired the honors or emoluments of pub- 
lic office. His life has been one of useful 
activity, in w hich labor has brought to him 
a worthy reward, and not only has he 
gained pecuniary success, but by his devo- 
tion to duty has also won the respect and 



good will of his fellow citizens, and is w^ell 
deserving of honoraljle mention in this vol- 
ume. 



GEORGE E. DE CAMP, 

who has been honored with various politi- 
cal preferments and has won the unciuali- 
fied commendation of the public by his 
faithful performance of every duty, was 
born in Roseland May 15, 1843, and is a 
son of Aaron and Mary (Tompkins) 
De Camp. He is indebted to the pul)lic- 
school svsteni for his educational privi- 
leges which fitted him for the practical 
affairs of this work-a-day world. With his 
father he learned the mason's trade and also 
mastered the trade of shoemaking in his 
vouth. He follo\yed the former vocation 
for some vears ami built many of the good, 
substantial Ijridges over wdiich the thor- 
oughfares of the county pass. He now de- 
votes his energies to farming, and his land 
yields to him good returns for the care 
and labor he bestows upon it. He is a wide- 
awake, progressive farmer, systematic and 
methodical, and his well directed efforts 
have placed him among the leading agri- 
culturists of the community. 

Mr. De Camp was joined in wedlock to 
Miss Matilda L. Harrison, a native of Rose- 
land and a daughter of Cyrus and Jane 
(Casterline) Harrison, the former a native 
of Roseland, the latter of Dover. Her par- 
ents are both now deceased. The marriage 
of our subject and his wife was celebrated 
on the 9th of September, 1867, and was 
blessed with nine children, as follows; Ella 
J., Hattie L., Mary Lillian, Ada L., Ezra 
O., Emma E., Carrie L., Charles H. and Ira 
W. Ella is now the wife of John Ellison, 
who is living in Rhode Island ; and Hattie is 




GEORGE E. DeCAMP 



THE 

NEW YORK 

[PUBLIC LI3RARY1 

yAjlor, U(io«in(jnid«n 

Foundations. 

^901 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



193 



the wife of George R. Beam, whose home 
is in Roseland. 

Mr. De Cam]) is a very prominent and 
active member of the Grange of Roseland 
and is a member of the executive commit- 
tee of that organization in tlie state of New- 
Jersey. He also holds memliersliip in the 
Indian League of Newark. He takes a 
\-ery active part in political afifairs and has 
been a stanch advocate of Republican prin- 
ciples since casting his first presidential 
vote, for Abraham Lincoln. He has served 
as vice-president of the Essex county Re- 
jjublican conmiittee, and his advice on mat- 
ters political carries considerable weight in 
the councils of his party. He served as as- 
sessor for the long and continuous period of 
sixteen years, discharging his duties in a 
manner that won him the commendation 
of even his political enemies and gained him 
many votes from among the ojjposition. 
He is also justice of the peace and his de- 
cisions are strictly fair and impartial. For 
five years he has served as a member of the 
town conunittee and has been overseer of 
roads. Last year he was appointed by the 
governor and confirmed by the state sen- 
ate as a member of the board of managers 
of the experimental station of Rutgers Col- 
lege. He belongs to the Methodist Prot- 
estant church of Roseland, and is one of 
the most j^rominent and highly respected 
citizens of his township, whose good judg- 
ment in business affairs has won him suc- 
cess in matters of trade, while his honor in 
the matters of pul:>lic and private life com- 
mend him to the confidence of all. 



WILLLAM FREDERICK BECK, 

a plumber and steam-fitter of (3rang-e, has 
made rapid. progress along the road to suc- 
cess, and by persistent, honorable effort has 

ii— 13 



overcome many of the obstacles that ob- 
struct the w ay. A comfortable competence 
is now his, and the same commendable lousi- 
ness characteristics that have hitherto 
marked his career will undoubtedly bring 
him greater prosperity in the future. 

Mr. Beck was born in Orange, Septem- 
ber (>, 1864, a son of John Frederick Beck, 
who was born in Wurtemberg, Germany. 
In that land he ac(|uire(l his education, and 
when fifteen years of age crossed the Atlan- 
tic to -America with his father, taking up 
his residence in New York city. There he 
secured a position as salesman in a mer- 
chandizing establishment and was thus em- 
ployed for some time. When eighteen 
years of age he came to Orange, where he 
learned the hatter's trade, under the direc- 
tion of Charles Hedden. That jjusiness he 
made his life w'ork. His death occurred in 
1 888, when he had reached the age of forty- 
nine years, and his wife passed away in 
January, 18S5, at the age of forty-six. Mrs. 
lieck bore the maiden name of Margaret 
Lea\'enguth and was a daughter of Jacob 
Leavenguth. Both Air. ami Mrs. Beck 
were members of the First Presbyterian 
church, on Williams street, and were con- 
sistent Christian people who exemplified in 
their li\es their religious belief. Thev had 
but two children, and the daughter, Mary 
Elizabeth, died in 1874, at the age of eleven 
years. 

William F. Beck accpiired his early edu- 
cation in the district schools and supple- 
mented it by a course in the high school 
of Orange. On reaching the age of seven- 
teen he decided to master a trade and ac- 
cordingly learned that of plumber and 
steam-fitter, under the direction of A. H. 
Freeman, of Orange. Having completed 
an apprenticeship of four years, he worked 



194 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



as a journeyman for 'Sir. Freeman for four 
years and then spent three and a half years 
in the employ of Oliver S. Williams. In 
^larch. 1893, he embarked in business on 
his own account and has succeeded in build- 
ing up an excellent trade. To the excel- 
lence and promptness of his work and his 
honorable dealing is attributable his suc- 
cess in life, which is the just reward of his 
earnest labors. 

On the 9th of February, 1886, Mr. Beck 
was united in marriage to Miss Annie j\len- 
zing, a (laughter of Casper Menzing. To 
them were born three children, one of 
whom died in infancy. The others are 
\Mlliam Russell and Harold Wilton. The 
parents are members of the German Pres- 
b\terian church, of Orange, and ]\Ir. Beck 
is a worthy member of John F. ^lorse 
Lodge, No. 186, I. O. O. F. His political 
support is given the men and measures of 
the Reiiublican party, and he is a public- 
spirited, progressive citizen who lends his 
support and co-operation to all movements 
tending to ad\-ance the general welfare. 



ADOLF ROSFXWASSER, 

of Newark, one of the most extensive cloth- 
ing manufacturers of New Jersev, stands 
to-day as a leading representative of the 
race from which he sprang. His life, hon- 
orable in its purpose and earnest in its pur- 
suits, has been crowned with a brilliant suc- 
cess, and to-day he stands among those 
whose efforts have enabled them to rise 
from humble stations to positions of emi- 
nence in the world of commerce. 

Born in the ancient city of Eperies, in the 
state of Hungary, now one of the states of 
the Austrian federation, April i, 1849, our 
subject is a son of John and Bertha (Palm- 



er) Rosenwasser. His father died about 
1855, during the cholera scourge in Hun- 
gary, leaving three sons, — Adolf, Simeon 
and Alorris. The second named studied 
for the ministry in early life and was gradu- 
ated in the University of Preesburg, in 
Hungary, but did not follow the profession. 
He married a Miss Goldfinger, who came 
into possession of large estates in Hun- 
gary, and his time was thereafter taken up 
by the luanagement of the property. Mor- 
ris Rosenwasser, also a graduate of the 
University of Preesburg, having completed 
the course of civil engineering in that insti- 
tution, married Rosa Ameisen, whose fath- 
er was a l)anker in the town of Neusandiz. 
They had three children, one of whom, 
Morris R.. died at the age of thirty-four 
years. The mother of our subject died in 
the city of Eperes in 1883, at the age of 
sixtv-five years. 

Adolf Rosenwasser acquired his early 
education under private instruction, and 
when he had attained the age of fourteen 
was apprenticed to a tailor for a three- 
years term. When he had mastered the 
business he decided to seek a field for his 
labors in America, and accordingly left 
home on the ist of May, 1865, crossing 
the Atlantic in a sailing vessel, which after a 
long and tedious voyage of thirteen weeks 
dropped anchor in the harbor of New York, 
on the 5th of August. Coming to Newark 
he secured employment at his trade with a 
I\Ir. Talmos, on Rivington street, and for 
the first week's service received nine dol- 
lars; but it was soon seen that he was a 
skillful and rapid worker and his wages 
were accordingly increased. He continued 
to serve as a journeyman until nineteen 
years of age, when he began business on his 
own account, opening a tailoring establish- 



ESSEX VOiXTY 



195 



ment at No. 106 East Houston street, New 
York city. Success attended his efforts 
from the Ijeginning, and after a time he be- 
gan the manufacture of clothing at No. 
1 1 13 Clinton street, New York. In 1868 
he opened a factory at the corner of Stan- 
ton and Cannon streets. New York, where 
he conducted a profitable business for 
twenty-three years, when in 1895 he decided 
to come to Newark in order to obviate the 
interference and dela}"s occasioned in his 
business by the strikes ordered by the 
trades unions of New York city, and also 
to secure more commodious cjuarters for 
his operatives. He accordingly purchased a 
tract of land at the corner of Morris and 
Thirteenth avenues, and upon a portion of 
this erected a large building of modern de- 
sign and architecture, ninety by one hun- 
dred and eighty feet. When Mr. Rosen- 
wasser came to Newark he brought with 
him one hundred and fifteen families, each 
represented by members in iiis employ, and 
provided for all these for a period of three 
weeks, at a cost of over four thousand dol- 
lars, while his new building was being com- 
pleted ready for occupancy. He has exe- 
cuted work for the firm of Brokaw Broth- 
ers, who are extensive clothing dealers in 
New York city, having been under contract 
with them for over sixteen years. His busi- 
ness is now colossal in its extent, and his 
success is the result of his industry, perse- 
verance and honest business methods. 

Mr. Rosenwasser was married January 
21, 1868, to Mina Coan, a daughter of 
Jacob and Rosa Coan, and their union was 
blessed with nine children, but two died in 
infancy, and Nathan, Jacob, Rosa and Na- 
than — the second of the name — have also 
passed away. Those still living are Annie, 
wife of Leon Platky, of New York city, by 



whom she has two children : Minnie Mil- 
ler and Ira Seymour; Charles A., who is 
studying civil engineering in Columbia Col- 
lege, of New York city, with the class 01 
1898; and Samuel, who is a graduate of the 
Packard Business College, of New York 
city, and is now engaged in the manufactur- 
ing business in connection with his father. 
The mother of this family passed away, 
January 11, 1887, at the age of forty-six 
years. 

The life record of Mr. Rosenwasser is 
one of which he may be justly proud. His 
dealings have ever been honorable and 
straightfonvard; in his treatment of his 
employes he is ever fair, as is evidenced by 
his maintenance of the one hundred and 
fifteen families liefore work could be com- 
menced in the new factories; energy, enter- 
prise and careful management have formed 
the keynote of his success and have dem- 
onstrated the possiljilities that America fur- 
nishes to young men of determined purpose 
and sterling worth. 



ZENOS G. HARRISON. 

A native of Livingston township, Es- 
sex county, Zenos G. Harrison was born on 
the old farm which is still his home, April 
23, 1826, being the son of Samuel and Mary 
(Crane) Harrison, the former of whom was 
born on the farm now owned and occupied 
by Mrs. Becker, in Livingston township, 
and was a son of Joseph Harrison, one of 
the early settlers of Essex county. Samuel 
Harrison was reared to farm life and ac- 
quired his education in the common schools 
of his native county. He married Mary 
Crane, a daughter of Colonel Cyrus Crane, 
a representative of one of the old and hon- 
ored families of the county. Mrs. Harrison 



196 



ESSEX COUXTY. 



was a native of Caldwell township, Essex 
county. Upon their marriage they located 
on the farm which is now occupied by our 
subject, and there the father carried on 
agricultural jnirsuits for the remainder of 
his life, being successful in his efforts and 
holding the confidence and respect of the 
community, by reason of his sterling char- 
acter and kindly nature. Samuel and Mary 
(Crane) Harrison became the parents of 
the following children, only two of whom 
are living at the present time: Mary died 
at the age of about fifty years; Rhoda C. is 
the wife of David S. Baldwin; Samuel O. 
died January 31, 1897; Elizabeth died at 
the age of eighteen years; Cyrus F. died in 
1893; Zenos G. is the immediate subject of 
this review; and Amanda is deceased. Sam- 
uel Harrison was for many years an elder in 
the Presbyterian church. He was a man of 
unswerving integrity in all the relations of 
life, was a devoted churchman and exem- 
plified his Christian faith in thought, word 
and deed. Both he and his wife are now tie- 
ceased. 

Upon the family homestead, in the midst 
of farm scenes and interests, Zenos G. Har- 
rison was reared to manhood, and his tastes 
have never led him into other fields of labor. 
He owns and operates one hundred acres 
of land, all under a high state of cultivation, 
and the well tilled fields yield to him a gold- 
en tribute and indicate the careful super- 
vision which he bestows upon the place. 

In 1855 Mr. Harrison was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Frances Reeve, a native of 
Milll)urn and a daughter of Jacob Reeve. 
They are the parents of five children, name- 
ly: Elston, a provision dealer of Mont- 
clair, this county; Edward, a farmer of that 
place; ClifYord B. and Clarence, twins, the 
former a commercial traveler, and the latter 



at home; and Harriet R., at home. Mr. 
and Mrs. Harrison are members of the 
Caldwell Presbyterian church, and they are 
known as representative people of the com- 
numit\-, enjoying a distinctive popularity 
and having a wide circle of acquaintances. 

In his political proclivities Mr. Harrison 
is stanchly arrayed in the support of the 
Republican party and its principles, and he 
is zealous in his advocacy of all measures 
which he believes will advance the public 
welfare and promote general good. He has 
always lived on the old homestead, hal- 
lowed by the associations of years, and thus 
his life is as an open book to his friends and 
neighbors who cannot but commend the 
unsullied record. 



THEODORE C. WALLACE. 

Thirty years ago this gentleman, then a 
young man, became connected with the 
business interests of New York. Since 
then, as a manufacturer of and dealer in 
iron, he has been an important factor in 
commercial circles and no man has been 
more respected or more worthy of the high 
regard in which he is held in the trade than 
Mr. Wallace. With the strictest regard 
for commercial ethics, he has conducted his 
interests in a manner most commendable; 
keen discrimination, unfaltering persever- 
ance and undaunted energy have brought 
to him a high degree of success. 

Mr. Wallace traces his ancestry back to 
the early New York colonists. From 
Scotch ancestry he is descendeil, the first 
of the family coming to the United States 
about 1700. Through the nineteenth cen- 
tury the family has been prominently iden- 
tified with the mercantile interests of the 
metropolis. The grandfather, Robert Wal- 



/v.S'.S'/'.'-V COl STY. 



197 



lace was for a nuinljer of \ears a merchant 
of the cit}", and the father, Thomas Wal- 
lace, was for a long period a prominent re])- 
resentative of that class of business men. 
He was born in New York and there mar- 
ried Miss Eliza Adams, also a native of the 
city and a daughter of John Adams, who 
died at the advanced age of ninety years. 
He was descended from Holland Dutch an- 
cestry. 

Theodore C. ^^^allace, the subject of this 
review, was born in New York, December 
18. 1842. and was the second son of the 
family. He was reared in the place of his 
nati\'ity and attended the public schools, ac- 
quiring there a thorough knowledge of the 
English branches. Throughout his busi- 
ness career lie has been connected with the 
iron trade. In 1858 he entered the employ 
of Smith. Hegeman & Company, dealers in 
iron and steel, and w-as connected with that 
house as an employe for ten years, during 
which time he mastered the business in all 
its details and won continued advancement 
by liis ability and fidelity to duty. In 1868 
he ceased to be an employe and became a 
partner in the house. Many changes have 
occurred in the firm since then, but the 
business is still carried on. and to-day Mr. 
Wallace is at the head of the enterprise, 
wdiich is conducted under the firm name of 
Ogden & \\'allace. wholesale dealers in iron 
and steel, at Nos. 577-583 Greenwich street. 
New York. The volume of their business 
has now assumed mammoth proportions 
and their shipments are made to all parts 
of the country. For reliability their house 
has a reputation second to none in the coun- 
try, and the wisdom of the partners in for- 
mulating and executing their plans is dem- 
onstrated in the successful results which 
follow their undertakings. 



Mr. Wallace is also connected with other 
enterprises of the north, and his capable 
management and keen foresight have en- 
abled him to direct to a successful outcome 
these various interests. He is now a stock- 
holder and director in the Boonton Iron & 
Steel Company, at Boonton, New Jersey, 
and is agent for the largest iron manufac- 
tories in the country. His record should 
serve as a source of inspiration. Working 
his way steadily upward, he has overcome 
the obstacles and ditliculties which always 
encompass the business man in his efforts 
to compete with old-established houses 
and win the public confidence and patron- 
age, but his determination has triumphed 
over all discouragements and he stands to- 
day one of the leaders in his line in the 
country. 

During the cix'il war Mr. W'allace mani- 
fested his loyalty to the Union cause by 
enlisting at President Lincoln's first call for 
seventy-five thousand volunteers to serve 
three months, joining the Seventy-first New 
York Militia in April. He took part in the 
first battle of Bull Run and on the expira- 
tion of his term was honorably discharged, 
and returned to his home. In politics he is 
a pronounced Democrat. i)ut business cares 
have prevented his taking an active part in 
political work. 

In 1 87 1 Mr. \\'allace was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Lucy E. Huckins, of Boston, 
Alassachusetts. a daughter of Frank Huck- 
ins, a prominent and successful merchant of 
Boston. The family originated in Eng- 
land and was related to the Crocker family, 
both coming to New England in the i\Iay- 
fiower. Mrs. Wallace was born and reared 
in Boston, and obtainetl her education in 
the schools of that city. By this marriage 
there are four children, a son and three 



198 



ESSEX VOUXTY 



daughters: Theodore C, who is assisting 
his father in the business; Helen, Lucy and 
Margaret, at home. In 1885 Mr. Wallace 
erected a fine residence on Prospect avenue, 
Montclair, New Jersey, calling the place 
Ellerslie. Its architectural beauty is en- 
hanced by the elevated site, which affords 
a magnificent view of thesurroundingcoun- 
try. Its interior furnishing would delight 
the most artistic eye, being all that a cul- 
tured taste can suggest and wealth ])rocure. 
The lawns are handsomely and tastefully 
adorned with beautiful flowers, ornamental 
shrubbery and grand old trees, while the 
landscape beyond forms an ever varying 
panorama of the beauties of nature. With 
the aid of a telescope one can see many of 
the prominent buildings in New York city, 
also Coney Island and Long Island. The 
time and money that Mr. Wallace has ex- 
pended in fitting up this magnificent home 
indicate one of his most prominent charac- 
teristics, — his devotion to his family and his 
tlelight in e.xtending the hospitality of his 
own fireside to their many friends and 
neighbors. 



GEORGE VARLEY, 

one of the most capable and well known 
carpenters and builders of Newark, is a na- 
tive of Yorkshire, England, where his birth 
occurred on the 7th of February, 1849, and 
is a son of William and Ann (Denton) Var- 
ley, who reared two other children besides 
our subject : Joseph, and Mrs. James 
Brakes, both now residing in England. 
George Varley was reared in the city of his 
nativity, securing his education in the pub- 
lic schools, and in 1868 he decided to seek 
broader fields of endeavor and set sail for 
the United States. He subsequently lo- 



cated in Newark, and shortly after his ar- 
rival here he detained emi)Ioyment as a 
carpenter with Timbrook, of Brick Church, 
one of the leading sash, door and blind man- 
ufacturers of East Orange, and remained 
in the capacity of a journeyman until 1881, 
when he embarked in the business of con- 
tracting on his own account, his first work 
in that line being the erection of a residence 
for R. J. Carey, on Humboldt street. The 
excellent character of his workmanship is 
displaved in many of the admirable and 
tasteful residences in the Short Hills, Sum- 
mit, Glen Ridge and Montclair, besides 
which he erected the McDermott, William 
Riker, Jr., Joseph M. Riker and the White- 
head residences, and numerous blocks of 
buildings for the Duryee estate. 

Mr. Varley is one of the charter members 
of the Master Carpenters' Association, and 
is one of its directors. In his political af- 
filiation he is one of the leading local 
Republicans, and has been chairman 
of the Eleventh Ward Republican commit- 
tee, and served in a similar capacity for the 
district for a number of years and is pres- 
ident of the Roseville Republican Associa- 
tion. For about eleven years he served in 
the New Jersey state luilitia, enlisting first 
in Company A of the First Regiment of 
Newark, with wdiich he served about three 
years. He re-enlisted May 5, 1874. in 
Company C, of the Fifth Regiment, Nation- 
al Guards of the state of New Jersey (N. G. 
S. N. J.), and received his discharge Sep- 
tember 15, 1882. He responded to three 
dift'erent calls for troops at the time of dif- 
ficult riots in Newark, and served his state 
well in this capacity. At one time he filled 
the position of orderly sergeant. He is a 
memljer of Roseville Lodge, No. 143, F. 
& A. ]M., and at one time served as chair- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



199 



man of the board of trustees. He is a past 
master of Trinity Lodge. Xo. 160, I. O. O. 
F., of Roseville. For some years he was 
chairman of the l^oard of trustees of tlie 
Baptist church of Roseville. 

In January. 1871, ]\Ir. Varley was united 
in marriage to Miss Sarah J. Carey, daugh- 
ter of Richard Carey, the following chil- 
dren being the issue: Richard W'., Harry 
F., Joseph D.. and Edward G. The two 
first named are carpenters by vocation, and 
Joseph D. is bookkeeper for Alsop Broth- 
ers. Mr. Varley is popular in his home city 
and merits the high regard in which he is 
held bv his manv friends. 



JOSEPH M. MALATESTA, M. D., 

who is engaged in the practice of medicine 
with gratifying success, at No. 42 Eighth 
avenue, Newark, was born in Philadelphia 
on the 27th of ]\Iay, 1859, and is descended 
from one of the oldest families of sunny 
Italy, the name figuring conspicuously on 
the pages of Italian history. His grand- 
father, Francis Malatesta, was the third 
representative of that nation to land in 
New York city and the first to make a 
home in Philadelphia, in which city he en- 
gaged in the fruit-commission business for 
many years. 

■Mark Malatesta, the father of our subject, 
was born in Genoa, Italy, and was brought 
to the United States by his parents when 
about three years of age. In early manhood 
he engaged in the wine and liquor business, 
being an extensive importer of wines, but 
later he turned his attention to the hotel 
business and since 1878 has been proprietor 
and owner of Hotel Malatesta, at Atlantic 
City, one of the finest and most popular 
hotels in New Jersey. He was joined in 



wedlock to Miss Alarv Airola, daughter of 
Francis Airola, a Corsican who came to the 
L'nited States when his daughter was only 
three months old and settled in Philadelphia, 
where he died in 1852. Mrs. ]\Ialatesta also 
departed this life in Philadelphia in Sep- 
tember, 1 89 1, lea\'ing three children: the 
Doctor; Carrie, wife of James K. Carmack, 
a prominent hotel man, formerly manager 
of the Grand House, of Philadelphia, and 
now manager of the Hotel Malatesta, of 
Atlantic City; and Ella, now deceased. 

Dr. Malatesta acquired his elementary 
education in the Ringgold grammar school 
of Philadelphia, and on leaving the public 
schools at the age of fifteen was sent to 
Genoa, Italy, where he studied the Italian 
language and pursued a course in the class- 
ics, there continuing his studies for four 
and a half years. Returning to America 
he entered the Aterford, New Jersey Acad- 
emy, where he was graduated in 1879 with 
the degree of Master of Arts. 

His literary training being thus com- 
pleted he secured a situation in Helmbold's 
pharmacy in the Continental Hotel, Phila- 
delphia, and afterward matriculated in the 
Philadelphia School of Pharmacy, where 
he was graduated with the class of 1884. 
But this was but a means to an end. He 
had determined to make the practice of 
medicine his life work, and having learned 
how to compound medicines he now began 
to master the science of applying them to 
the alleviation of human suffering and was 
enrolled as a student in the Jefferson Medi- 
cal College, where he completed a thorough 
and comprehensive course and was grad- 
uated in 1886. Following this he became 
a member of the Jeft'erson ]\Iedical Hospital 
stafT and served for four years as an assist- 
ant under Professor Gross, in the surgical 



200 



ESSEX COUM'Y. 



department. He then became chief of the 
medical clinic and an instructor in the Phil- 
adelphia polyclinic. SidDsequently he was 
made chief of the clinic for diseases of the 
skin, in the same institution. In Septemljer, 
1894, he located in Newark and has since 
engaged in the general practice of medicine 
with gratifying success. He is one of the 
best informed members of the profession 
in the city, is a close and thorough student 
anil ])OSsesses a skill and ability that rank 
him far above the average member of the 
profession. 

The Doctor is a member and medical ex- 
aminer for Newark City Lodge, No. 247, 
Heptasophs; also is the medicine man of 
Lucas Tribe, No. 143, Improved Order of 
Red Men. He is medical examiner for Ris- 
ing Star Lodge, No. 2283, of the Knights 
of Honor, and belongs to the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks. The home re- 
lations of Dr. Malatesta are very pleasant. 
He was married in 1887 to Miss Sabina 
Barchy, of Pittsburg, a lady of Italian de- 
scent, and in the communitv where thev 
reside they have manv warm friends. 



THE CONDIT FAMILY. 

John Cunditt is known to be the ancestor 
of nearly all bearing the name of Condit or 
Condict in the Plnited States. Of his an- 
cestry nothing definite is known. Tradi- 
tion says he came from England or Wales. 
In the "Life of Sir Isaac Newton," by 
David Brewster, it is stated that John Con- 
duit, knight, married in England, a widow. 
Catherine Barton, who was a niece of Sir 
Isaac Newton, with whom they resided dur- 
ing the life of Sir Isaac and inherited his 
estate. Burke's "General Armor}'," refer- 
ring to the Conduitt family, gives: "Arms, 



— Gules on a fesse wavy argent between 
three pitchers, double eared or, as many 
liees \olant ])pr. Crest. — Two caducean 
rods with wings, lying fesseways or, there- 
on a peacock's head ereased ppr." 

The earliest reference made to John Cun- 
ditt, the American ancestor, is in 1678. 
He married, first, in Great Britain, where 
his wife dietl. As his name indicates, he 
was of Xorman descent. He came to 
America in 1678 with his son Peter, and 
settled at Newark, New Jersey, where he 

married, second, Deborah . by 

whom he had a son, John, who died a 
minor. He was the purchaser of lands "in 
the bounds of the town of Newark." in 
1689 and i()9i. The first deed describes 
the boundaries as "on the east l)y the 
river, on the south by said Condit, and on 
the west by a highway." This description 
indicates a previous deed. The second deed 
is from Richard Lawrence. March 24, 1691, 
and conveys to John Condit, weaver, nine- 
teen acres of upland for a lawful sum of 
monev. This lot is described on the plain 
commonly called the "Mill Brook Plain." 
John Cunditt died in 1713, leaving one son, 
Peter. 

(Second Generation.) — Peter Condit. 
son of John Cunditt. was l)orn in England 
and came to America with his father. He 
married in 1695, Mary, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Mary (W^ard) Harrison (son of 
Sergeant Richard Harrison). He had is- 
sue, Samuel, Peter, John. Nathaniel, Mary, 
Philip. Isaac. Three of the sons. John. Na- 
thaniel and Lsaac, settled at the foot of the 
Orange mountain on the east. 

(Third Generation.) — Samuel Condit, 
eldest son of Peter and i\Iary (^Harrison) 
Condit, was born in the town of Newark, 
December 6, 169(1. He married, first, in 




^ 




HR. AND MRS. IRA H. COHDIT. 



Et<^EX COUXTY 



20I 



1722. Alary Dodd, l)orn Xoveml)er 8. 169S. 
and wlio died May 25, 1755. He died July 
18, 1777. 

AJjoiit the year 1720. lie purcliased from 
tlie Indians land lying- l^etween the Orange 
mountains in what was afterwards called 
Pleasant \'alley. According to tradition, 
this land was purchased of the Indians; 
its first private ownership, as the rec- 
ords show, was \'ested in Samuel Condit, 
and its extent was such that during his 
lifetime he gave to eacli of his live sons 
fifty acres, and on each lot thus donated 
he erected a house and also gave to each 
son a family Bible. He reserved to himself 
about sevent\- acres of land. Three of the 
farms have ever since remained in the fam- 
ily line of descent. Like his grandfather 
John, his first care was that each son should 
possess a copy of the holy scriptures, an 
act which, combined with the meager items 
of his history which are still preserved, indi- 
cates the sturdy Christian citizen. His selec- 
tion of a farm was a fortunate one. Tak- 
ing the Livingston road west from Orange 
by way of Eagle Rock, and by a long ascent 
reaching the to]i of the mountain, the val- 
ley beyond stretches out in a panorama of 
neat and productive farms with comfortable 
and tastefully Iniilt farm houses. Here was 
Samuel's home, where 

"In sober state. 
Through the sequestered vale of mortal life. 
The venerable patriarch guileless held 
The tenor of his way." 

From here, during the many years of his 
manhood, was he wont to take his wav 
over the mountain to the Orange church 
as often as the time arrived for divine ser- 
vice, and from here was borne his sacred 
dust to the Orange burying-ground, where 
a simple slab bears the inscription : "Sam- 



uel Conduitt, Sr.. died Jul\- 18, 1777." He 
hafl sur\ived his first wife more than twenty 
years. He outli\ed his second wife, Mary 
Xutman (widow of Amos \\'illiams), born 
1700, whom he married in 175''), and who 
died February 18, 1777. Their graves are 
near their husbancFs, while in close prox- 
imit}- is that of his third son, Samuel, whose 
monument Ijears the name, "Samuel Con- 
duitt, Jr." Here, also, repose the remains 
of man_\' useful members of the Condit fam- 
ily. The children of Samuel Condit (i) 
were: Daniel, Jotham, Samuel (2). 
Alartha, David, Jonathan. 

(Fourth Generation.) — Line of Daniel, 
eldest son of Samuel ( i ) : Daniel Condft, 
eldest son of Samuel and ]Mary (Dodd) 
Condit, was born December 22. 1723, at 
the homestead, situated on the highway be- 
tween Orange and Swinefield roads (now 
Eagle Rock avenue), on the corner where 
\'alley road crosses the highway. He occu- 
])ied the farm given him by his father. He 
was an earnest patriot and served through- 
out the war of the Revolution. He was a 
member of Captain Williams' company. 
Second Regiment, Essex, also state troops, 
also Continental army. His brother David 
was major of the same regiment and for 
gallantrv was made lieutenant colonel. 
Daniel was an exemplary Christian and a 
deacon in the Presbyterian church. He 
married Ruth, daughter of Samuel Harri- 
son, son of Samuel, son of Sergeant Rich- 
ard, son of Richard Harrison, the ancestor 
of the Harrison family, who died at Bran- 
ford, Connecticut. October 25, 1653. The 
issue of this marriage was Adonijah, Eu- 
nice, Jemima, Alary, Joel, Amos, Samuel, 
Ira, Martha, 

Rev. Ira Condit, son of Daniel, was a 
verv good and noted man. He graduated 



202 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



at Princeton in 1784, and from 1804 to 
1809 was a trnstee of the same college. 
From 1 79 1 to 1794 he was president at 
Rutgers College, and did much to l)uild it 
up, as it had run down during the Revo- 
lutionar}- war. He was ordainetl to preach 
at Newton in 1787, and had charge of 
churches at Newton and Hardwick. He 
was a gentleman eminent in learning, and 
prudent and successful in his ministr}-, and 
was prominent in the church and in Sun- 
day-school work. He was pastor of the 
Dutch Reformed church at New Bruns- 
wick at the time of his death. He died in 
New Brunswick, New Jersey, June i, 181 1, 
and his last words were: "Prepare for the 
life to come, and may you be of the right- 
eous who shall meet with the saints of 
God." 

(Fifth Generation.) — Sanuiel Condit, 
seventh child of Daniel and Ruth (Harri- 
son) Condit, was born at the homestead of 
his father, August 16, 1761. He was but 
fLfteen_ years of age at the breaking out of 
the war of the Revolution, yet he served as 
private in the Essex county militia. After 
his marriage he removed to the east side 
of Orange mountain and resided at what 
was known as Tory Corners. He was a de- 
vout Christian, a kind parent and a sincere 
friend. He was a member of the state 
legislature early in the centurv. He mar- 
ried Hannah, daughter of Ichabod Harri- 
son, son of Nathaniel, son of Joseph, son of 
Richard Harrison, the ancestor. His chil- 
dren were: Jemima, who died soon; 
Sarah; Jemima (2d); Eunice; Harriet; 
Samuel; Mary; Abby; Clara; Ira Harri- 
son, Ichabod. Samuel, the father, died 
August 31, 1822. 

(Sixth Generation.) — Ira Harrison Con- 
dit. tenth child of Samuel and Hannah 



(Harrison) Condit, was born on the corner 
of Park and ^^'ashington streets, Orange, 
in what has long Ijeen known as the Sam- 
uel Condit homestead, ]\Iay \(\ 1808. His 
sisters were born in the old homestead, 
the stone house on the mountain side. 
His only education was that afforded by the 
little \-illage school, yet he made the most 
of his limited opportunities and what he 
lacked in l)Ook knowledge he made up in 
good judgment and hard common sense. 
He was a live business man in his day and 
speculated extensi^•ely in real estate and 
was, in his early days, a well known con- 
tractor in Essex county. He always took 
an active part in politics, which was char- 
acteristic of the family, and was one of 
the leading men of Essex county. He 
was an old-line Whig until the organiza- 
tion of the Republican party, which he 
united with and heartilv endorsed its prin- 
ciples. He never desired office, but served 
in the board of chosen freeholders from 
1871 to 1874. At one time he owned a 
large part of what is now Llewellvn park, 
and used it for farming purposes, which 
occupation he carried on in addition to 
his general business. In 1855 he sold one 
hundred acres to Llewellyn S. Haskell, and 
moved to Roseland in 1838. He has 
watched with pride the transformation of 
his old farm into the beautiful retreat which 
it is to-day, and gave to the immortal Has- 
kell many valuable suggestions. 

Mr. Condit is still a large landholder, 
his property in West Orange, in Livingston 
township and in Morris county amounting 
to nearly six hundred acres. Among other 
tracts, he owns the original farm of .\aron 
Kitchell, his wife's grandfather. Mr. Con- 
dit has nearly reached his four score and ten 
vears, and is still hale and heartv and in 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



203 



full possession of all his mental faculties 
and able to attend personally to all his busi- 
ness affairs. Mr. Condit married Phel)e 
Farrand Mulford, daughter of Timothy, 
who was the son of Timothy ]\lulfonl: the 
former married Susan Kitchell. daughter of 
Aaron Kitchell, who was one of the patriot 
leaders of New Jersey. In the opening 
scenes of the Revolution he was foremost 
in the great debate, a zealous and sagacious 
champion of freedom. At the close of the 
war he was for some years in the state legis- 
lature. In 1799 he was elected representa- 
tive in congress and held that position by 
successive re-elections till 1807. He was 
then chosen United States senator and 
served four years in that capacity. The is- 
sue of Mr. Condit's marriage with Phelie 
Mulford was: Samuel, born July 9. 1832; 
Clara, born January 27, 1834; Hannah, 
born October 9, 1839; Elias Mulford, born 
May 22. 1841; Susan, born July 2. 1843. 
died November 23, 1894; Sarah, born De- 
cember 18, 1848; Mary and Harriet, twins, 
born October 31, 1850; Ira, born February 
5, 1855, died March 24. 1859. Ira and 
Phebe. l)oth in their ninetieth years, are liv- 
ing out a beautiful old age; and she, as well 
as he, is in possession of all her mental 
faculties. At all social events, in the home, 
it can be trulv said of them that thev are 
the host and hostess of the occasion. They 
are anticipating on September 13, 1898, to 
celebrate the sixty-seventh anniversary of 
their wedding, — a rare occasion indeed. 
Three daughters — Susan, Mary and Har- 
riet — grace the home. Their lives, too, 
ha\'e had an influence that has been felt, 
not only in the family circle but -also in 
public walks of life. They saw the needs 
of a new church in their village and were in- 
strumental in estal)lishins: the Presl.)vterian 



church of Roseland; and with the co-op- 
eration of their father and uncle Elias Mul- 
ford, who was a member of the family, the 
neat little concrete building which stands in 
the center of the \-illage was presented by 
them to the Presbyterian society by deed 
dated May 8, 1894: and they are still lib- 
eral contributors to its support. The three 
sisters bought the hotel at Roseland, which 
had for over one hundred years main- 
tained the only bar room in the village, and 
converted the place into a distinctively tem- 
perance house, and as such it has been con- 
ducted since 1893. After a life of devotion 
and loving service, Susan entered peace- 
fully into rest November 23, 1894. Mary 
and Harriet were educated at the State 
Normal School and graduated in 1870, 
after which time they successfully held re- 
sponsible positions as teachers in the coun- 
ty. They retired from that work in 1892. 
At the present time Mary is devoting her 
strength and ability to a free night-school 
for working bovs who wish to obtain an 
education. Harriet was ofYered the state 
lectureship of the Patrons of Husbandry. 
She wrote a sketch on old-fashioned arti- 
cles, which appeared in the historical ex- 
hibit of New Jersey at the \\'orkrs Fair in 
Chicago. She is indeed quite a literary 
character. Both sisters are members of the 
Order of Patrons of Husbandry. 

(Seventh Generation.) — Elias Mulford 
Condit, fourth child of Ira Harrison and 
Phebe Farrand (Mulford) Condit, was born 
at the homestead of his father, on Eagle 
Rock avenue, in what is now West Orange, 
Alav 21, 1841. His education was received 
at public and private schools. With these 
limited advantages he has achieved suc- 
cess far beyond that of many who have re- 
ceivetl a collegiate education. Like most 



204 



ESSEX COUXTY 



of his ancestors he was endowed with great 
powers of observation. Gifted witli a re- 
tentive memory and other mental quahtica- 
tions, lie acquired a fund of information 
that made up in a great measure the lack of 
a more thorough education. His strong, 
rugged constitution is due to his early life 
on the farm. His occupation as a surveyor 
which he subsequently chose was better 
suited to his tastes and inclinations. He 
became city surveyor and this afforded him 
the opportunity for acquiring a knowledge 
of realty values that laid the foundation 
of his subsequent success. He increased 
the circle of his acquaintance and made 
many warm friends, not onlv in his native 
town but throughout the county. He was 
never known to sacrifice his friends to 
further his own interests. 

In politics he is a Republican, and has 
been a zealous worker for his party. It 
was at the solicitation of his friends that 
he became a member of the board of chosen 
freehcjlders and for years its director, a posi- 
tion which is recognized as the most honor- 
able of any local oflice in the county. This 
proved of great political ad\antage to him 
and was the stepping stone to higher hon- 
ors. In 1885 he was nominated for the 
legislature by the Rei)ul)licans of his dis- 
trict and elected ]>y a handsome majority, 
and re-elected in 1886. He served on sev- 
eral important committees during both ses- 
sions of tlie legislature an<l without any 
violation of his own con\-ictions he fully 
rejiresented the interests of his constitu- 
ents and received their hearty congratu- 
lations for the effective services he rendered 
his party. Still higher honors awaited him, 
and three years later his friends deter- 
mined to place him in nomination for con- 
gress. 



At the county convention, held Septem- 
ber 20, 1890, he became the unanimous 
choice of that body. The campaign was an 
exciting one and the tariff' issue, under the 
McKinley bill, was pushed vigorouslv by 
its advocates, and the working peojile were 
told that their salvation depended on the 
defeat of the Republican party. The Dem- 
ocratic candidate, Thomas Dunn English, 
was the strongest man of his party in Es- 
sex county. He made a strong canvass 
and, while Mr. Condit ran considerably 
ahead of the ticket, he was defeated by a 
small majority: his total vote was 21,468 
and that of his opponent, 2^.2'/8. Even the 
defeat was an honor to Mr. Condit, for it 
showed the strong following he had, not 
only from his own party but hosts of his 
personal friends in the Democratic party 
testified their appreciation of his merits by 
giving him their hearty support. In 1892, 
Mr. Ccjndit was chosen by his party as one 
of the delegates to represent his district at 
the national convention held at Minne- 
apolis. 

Mr. Contlit has been for manv vears e.x- 
tensively engaged in real-estate operations, 
and while he is an honored descendant of 
one of the chief fountlers he is worthy to be 
classed among the leading builders of the 
Oranges. He has done much to improve 
and beautif)- his native town, in which he 
has always taken a laudable pride. 

He is a worthy representative of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, and acquired his first 
knowledge of its mysterious rites in Union 
Lodge, F. & A. M., of Orange. He is also 
a member of Orange Chapter, R. A. M. 
He is a member of various other societies 
in the cit\- and county, to all of which he is 
a most liberal contributor. 

Mr. Condit married, in 1870, Sarah 



ESSEX VOUXTY. 



205 



Louise Beach, daughter of Cliarles Beach, 
a descendant of Zopher Beach, son of 
Thomas, who took the oath of fidehty at 
New Haven, in 1654. Zopher was in New- 
ark (1685) called the "well beloved broth- 
er" by Samuel and Sarah Lyon (1687). 
The children of Elias M. and Sarah Louise 
(Beach) Condit are : Charles Beach. Phebe 
A., Clara L.. Wilberforce. Albert Kitchell, 
Hattie Alav and Elias Mulford, Jr. 



SAMUEL CONDIT, 

of the firm of Williams & Condit, carriage 
builders of East Orange, was born in Or- 
ange, New Jersey, on the 9th of July, 1832, 
and is a son of Ira H. and Phoebe F. (Mul- 
ford) Condit. He has been a resident of 
the Oranges during his entire life, receiv- 
ing his literary education in the public 
schools of his native city, and at an early 
age serving an apprenticeshij) in the car- 
riage-making trade. After completing his 
term of service he continued working at 
that vocation, in which he has now been 
engaged on his own responsibilit)- for a 
period of forty years, making a most suc- 
cessful career, distinguished by faithful en- 
deavor, industry and signal ability. 

Mr. Condit celebrated his marriage at 
Orange in May, i860, being then united to 
Miss Mary E. Harrison, a daughter of 
Richard B. and Mary (Porter) Harrison. 
Mr. and Mrs. Condit became the parents 
of three children, namely: Ira H., born 
May 13, 1862; Mary Belle, born May 16, 
1869; and Roland S.. born February 9, 
1879. 

In his political faith Mr. Condit supports 
the platform of the Republican party, and 
in his religious adherency he and his fam- 
ilv attend the Presbyterian church, to 
which thev are liberal contributors. 



JOSEPH H. OSBORN, 

who is engaged in the real-estate and insur- 
ance business in Hilton, was born in Union 
township, Union county, on the 19th of 
May, 1848, and is a son of William H. Os- 
born, who was a native of the same locality. 
The grandfather, Jonathan Osborn, re- 
moved from Long Island, and was the 
founder of this branch of the Osborn family 
in New Jersey. The father of our subject 
was a shoemaker by trade and followed that 
pursuit throughout the greater part of his 
life. He married Elmira Little, a native of 
New Jersey, and they became the parents 
of five children, four of whom reached years 
of maturity, namely: Joseph H.: J. Well- 
ington, who is li\-ing in Newark: Laura M. 
and Clarence W.. who died at the age of 
forty years. The father of this family was 
at one time a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. His death occurred 
in 1893. but his widow is still living. 

During his boyhood Joseph H. Osborn 
was afflicted with an enlargement of the hip 
joint, and in consequence could attend 
school but little. However, he improved 
his time at home, and at the age of eighteen 
entered the public schools, where he pur- 
sued his studies for two years, after which 
he engaged in teaching for a year. He then 
turned his attention to the real-estate and 
insurance business, establishing an office in 
Hilton, where he has since remained. He 
represents a number of the leading insur- 
ance companies of the country, but does 
business chiefly with the American. His 
genial manner, unfailing courtesy and nat- 
ural affability well fit him for his duties, 
while his honorable dealing commends him 
to the confidence and regard of all. 

His fellow citizens, appreciatinghis worth 



2o6 



ESSEX COUNTY . 



and capability, have called upon him to fill 
various public positions. In 1879 he was 
elected township clerk and has been con- 
tinuouslv re-elected up to the present time. 
He was school director for about twenty 
years, is president of the board of educa- 
tion and is now secretary of the Hilton Li- 
brary Association. He does all in his power 
to promote the interests of education and 
mental culture, and is a man of scholarly 
tastes and habits. His political support is 
given the men and measures of the Democ- 
racy. 



FREDERICK H. PRICE, 

a wholesale and retail dealer in coal, is one 
of Newark's native citizens, and has at- 
tained a prominent place in her business 
circles. He was born December 28, 1854, 
and is a son of Jeremiah C. and Sarah Ann 
(Mooney) Price. The Price family is of 
Welsh origin and was founded in America 
by four brothers who came from the little 
rock-ribbed country of Wales to the New 
World and took up their residence in Eliza- 
bethtown. New Jersey, now Elizabeth. 
Two of the brothers married and 
reared their families there, and the 
other two went further west, finally 
locating in Chicago, where both married 
and reared families. Some of their de- 
scendants are among the representative 
men of Chicago, notably Cornelius and Ab- 
ner Price, who for a number of years 
were successful antl extensive contractors 
and builders in that city. 

Jeremiah C. Price, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born in Newark, New Jersey, and 
at an early age was left an orphan. His ed- 
ucational privileges were small, as he at- 
tended school only until eleven years of 



age, at which time he entered upon an ap- 
prenticeship to learn the cabinet-maker's 
trade, under Mr. Crane, in Broad street, 
Newark. Subsequently he worked as a 
journeyman and then engaged in business 
on his own account, continuing his connec- 
tion with the industrial interests of Newark 
until i860, when he removed with his fam- 
ily to Columbus, South Carolina, where he 
engaged in cabinet-making and the under- 
taking business. He was a skilled and ar- 
tistic workman in his line and among his 
patrons were many of the most prominent 
citizens of Columbus, including the Hon. 
Wade Hampton. 

In 1865. owing to the depression in busi- 
ness in the south, caused by the 
ci\'il war. Mr. Price returned with 
his family to Newark and engaged 
in cabinet-making and the furniture busi- 
ness in New York city. Prosperity at- 
tended his well directed efforts and he con- 
ducted his store in New York until he had 
accjuired a handsome competence, when he 
retired to private life and spent the remain- 
ing days in the enjoyment of a pleasant rest 
in Newark. He passed away in Newark, 
New Jersey, in 1892. His faithful wife still 
survives him and now resides with her son 
Frank L. Mr. Price was a consistent Chris- 
tian, a just and conscientious man and an 
active worker in St. Paul's church in New- 
ark, wherein he long held membership. In 
politics he was an ardent Republican. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Price had nine 
children. Elizabeth, the eldest, became the 
wife of Henry Barry, and they have one 
daughter, Anna, now the wife of Leon Blan- 
chard. Ijy whom she has one son, Linus. 
The second child, Linus M., the eldest 
brother of our subject, died in Asheville, 
North Carolina. He was for several years 



ESSEX COUNTY 



207 



cashier in the United States treasnry de- 
partment in Washington, D.C., havingbeen 
appointed to that position during President 
Lincoln's administration. He resigned 
that office in order to accept the position of 
casliier of the Merchants' National Bank 
of Newark, having organized the institu- 
tion, and continued to act as cashier for 
a number of years, when he was appointed 
special bank examiner by President Grant. 
In that capacity he served for some 
time and was then appointed receiver 
of the Pacific National Bank of 
Boston, and continued at the head 
of its affairs until all the business 
was settled up, to the entire satisfaction of 
the creditors. So arduous were his duties 
in that capacity that his health was under- 
mined, and. ad\-ised by his physicians to seek 
a more genial climate, he went to Asheville, 
North Carolina, wdiere his death occurred 
in 1895. James E., the third of the family, 
resides in Newark and is single. Catherine 
W. is the wife of John P. Gruet, of St. 
Louis, Missouri, and they have six children: 
Wallace, John, Ruth, Howard, Sarah and 
Ester. Anna died in infancy. Charles and 
Clara died in early childhood. Frederick is 
the next of the family. Frank L., the young- 
est, who is now employed by his brother 
Frederick, married Louisa Leach and has 
two children, namely, Helen and Marion. 

Frederick High Price obtained his pre- 
liminary education in the public schools of 
Newark and later was a student in the New- 
ark Academy for four years. This train- 
ing was supplemented by a course of study 
under the private instruction of Professor 
Robert Gray, of Grace church, Newark, 
and when he laid aside his text-books he 
decided to fit himself for a business career 
by learning the jeweler's trade. He ser\'ed 



an apprenticeship of fi\-c and a half years 
with Durand & Companv, of Newark, and 
worked as a journeyman for a short time, 
after which he associated himself with Ho- 
mer H. Moore, under the fn"m name of 
Moore & Price, and engaged in the silver- 
ware business at No. 886 Broad street, 
Newark. After a successful career of five 
}-ears ^Ir. Price withdrew from the firm 
and began dealing in coal, doing a whole- 
sale and retail business. He is one of the 
enterprising business men of the city, and 
the success that he has achieved has re- 
sulted from his own well directed efforts. 

On the 28th of May, 1882, was celebrated 
the marriage of Mr. Price and Miss Nettie 
C. Blanchard, a daughter of Charles C. and 
Margaret (Smith) Blanchard. She was 
born in 1861, and by her marriage has one 
son, Charles Blanchard, who was born 
March 4, 1893. Mr. Price is a stanch Re- 
publican in his political associations, and 
he and his wife are attendants on the serv- 
ices of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian 
church, of which Mrs. Price is a member. 
They occupy an enviable position in social 
circles, where true worth and intelligence 
are received as the passports into good so- 
ciety, and in the community they have a 
large circle of friends. 



DANIEL A. DUGAN 

was born in Orange, June 19, 1866. a son 
of Daniel and Elizabeth (Dunn) Dugan, 
both of whom were natives of New York 
city, and were of Irish parentage. He ob- 
tained his preliminary education in the pub- 
lic schools, and afterward spent two years 
as a student in Seton Academy, at Orange, 
completing his educational training in St. 
John's parochial school. In 1884 he de- 



208 



Et^sEX cor \ TV. 



cided to become master of a trade, and ac- 
cordingly entered the printing office of the 
Orange Monitor. He also learned stenog- 
raphy, and after becoming an adept in the 
"art preservative of all arts" he served as 
associate editor both on the Orange Moni- 
tor and the Orange Journal. Later he l)e- 
came correspondent at Orange for the New- 
ark Press, then owned by James C. Con- 
nelly. He also became the Orange corre- 
spondent for the Newark J(_)urnal, and was 
finally transferred to Newark, where he con- 
tinued until 1886, when he became the Or- 
ange correspondent for the New York 
World, and at the same time was manager 
of the Orange edition of the Newark Jour- 
nal. 

On the 1st of September, 1888, Mr. Du- 
gan established the Orange Herald, wdiich 
he conducted until 1893, when he sold to 
Thomas F. Lane. His next position was 
that of the assistant New Jersey editor on 
the New York World, and at the same time 
he became the legislative correspondent at 
Trenton for the same pajier. fdling both 
positions until 1894, when he was made the 
New Jersey editor of the New York World, 
which position he filled imtil January i, 
1897. He then resigned to accept the posi- 
tion of Brooklyn and New Jersey editor of 
the New York Journal, serving in that ca- 
pacity until the ist of May, 1897, when he 
once more resigned, in order to enter upon 
the duties of city clerk of Orange, to which 
position he had recently been appointed. 
He is still serving as political and legisla- 
tive correspondent of the New York Jour- 
nal. 

His connection with the leading news- 
papers of America's metropolis well indi- 
cates his ability in that line. He is a force- 
ful, clear, entertaining writer, and New Jer- 



sey's interests are well represented by his 
facile pen. 

In JS9O Mr. Dugan was elected an en- 
sign of the First Division of the Battalion 
of the East New Jersey Naval Reserve. 
He is a member in good standing of the 
Knights of Columbus, and he and his wife 
are communicants of the St. John's church, 
Roman Catholic. Mr. Dugan was married 
June 20, 1889, to Miss Anna C. Davis, a 
daughter of Hon. ]\Iichael and Mary 
(Rooney) Davis, of Orange. Their children 
are: Anna Louise, born Sej^tember 14, 
1890: Daniel A., born June 20, 1892; Clar- 
issa, born November 7, 1894, and Dorothy, 
born February 6, 1897. 



HUGH HOLMES. 

The town of Belleville largely owes its 
early tlevelopment and much of its later 
progress to this gentleman, who has been 
an important factor in the progress and 
advancement of Essex county. He was 
twice its rejiresentative in the general as- 
sembly, and after a long and useful life is 
now living retired in his pleasant home in 
his native town of Belleville, honored and 
respected by all. He was born September 
8, 1820, at the home of his grandparents, 
his parents being Hugh and Ann Eliza 
(Dow) Holmes. 

His maternal grandparents were Rev. 
John and Anna Dow, the former a Meth- 
odist minister, highly esteemed and beloved 
by the people of Belleville. He represent- 
ed his district in the state legislature of New 
Jersey during the latter part of the eigh- 
teenth century and died at the ripe old age 
of seventy-seven years. He had one son, 
William, who became sherift' of Essex coun- 
ty and married Catharine Van Zandford, by 



ESSEX COUNTY 



209 



whom lie had one son, John, who was for 
many years a worthy citizen of Bellevihe. 
Rev. John Dow also had a son John, who 
died a bachelor, and the other members of 
his family were: Sarah, wife of Nicholas 
N. Jerolaman; Phoebe, wife of Jeremiah T. 
Brower, who was for many years a school- 
teacher of Belleville: Jane, wife of William 
H. Rolston, a New York pilot, by whom 
she had three sons, one of whom died dur- 
ing boyhood, the others being John H., 
who became a cashier in one of the banks 
of New York city, and Rosswell, who is 
still Hving and is now the president of the 
Farmers' Loan & Trust Company, of New 
York city; Abby, the next daughter of 
Rev. John Dow, became the wife of Will- 
iam Lee, and they had two children, Charles 
W. and Mary Ann; the fifth daughter, 
Mary Dow, became the wife of William M. 
Sandford, a local Methodist preacher, who 
died in Belleville, at the advanced age of 
ninety-one years; Eliza was the next of the 
family; and Margaret became the wife of 
Rev. Lsaac X. Felch, a prominent Meth- 
odist minister of the New Jersey confer- 
ence, by whom she had two sons and two 
daughters. 

The paternal grandparents of our sub- 
ject were William and Abigail (Crane) 
Holmes, the latter a daughter of Israel 
Crane, who was one of the pioneers of 
Cranetown, now Bloomfield, Essex county. 
William Holmes was born October 4, 1766, 
and his father was a native of the Emerald 
Isle, whence he came to America with his 
two sisters. Locating in Belleville, William 
Holmes was for many years one of its suc- 
cessful merchants. He and the Rev. John 
Dow were the founders of the first Meth- 
odist Episcopal church in Belleville, and 
this was the first organization of the de- 



nomination in New Jersey. On the 19th of 
April, 1785. he marrietl Abigail Crane, who 
was born October 30, 1768, and died Aug- 
ust 22, 1800. Their children were as fol- 
lows: Betsey, who was born ]March 2^, 
1786, and became the wife of Benjamin 
Alead; Sarah married Ralph Meafl; Lydia, 
born July 10, 1796, wife of States Mead; 
Mathias, born March 23, 1788, and died 
June 26, 1796; W^ilson, who was born Aug- 
ust 22. 1794, and lost his life by drowning, 
July 6, 1799; and Israel, who was born Sep- 
tember 22, 1798, and married and located 
in New York, where he became a minister 
of the Presliyterian church. He had one 
son. Mead, who became a Presbyterian 
minister, and resides in Rockford, Illinois, 
where he is very prominent in church cir- 
cles. He married and has two children, — - 
a son who enlisted in the army during the 
rebellion and lost his life in battle, and 
Mary E., a talented and cultured woman, 
wlio is very active in Christian work. 

The father of our subject, Hugh Holmes, 
was born in Belleville, February 14, 1790, 
and married Eliza Dow, who was born 
November 15, 1789. They became the par- 
ents of ten children: Angelina, born ]\Iarch 
9, 1 8 10, married Cyrus Pearson; Sarah 
Henrietta, born May 11, 1812, became the 
wife of John S. Kingsland and had two 
sons, — Hugh Adolphus and Stephen De 
Forrest; Orilla Clarissa, born May 16, 
1814, married Charles A. Lent and has two 
children, James W. and Susan; William 
Wilson, born November 6. 1816, married 
Elizabeth Van Riper, who had three sons,— 
Edmund, John and William Dow: the last 
named has been postmaster of Belleville for 
the last thirteen years; Anna Eliza, born 
September 7, 18 18, became the wife of 
James G. Hinkle and had three children, — 



2IO 



ESSEX COUXTY 



James, Frank and Sarah; Hugh is the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Lydia. born May 31, 
1822, became the wife of Nicliohis \'an 
Houten and had five children, of whom 
Frank, Sarah and Emma are still liv- 
ing: John Dow, born May 7. 1825. 
died in early life; Adolphus Morrel. 
born December _2j. iSj/, died at the age 
of nine years; and Abigail Emeline. born 
October 31, 1829, became the wife of John 
Rusby, of Franklin township, and is still 
living, having seven sons and two daughters 
living. All of these children were bap- 
tized, at Belleville, by their grandfather, 
Rev. John Dow. 

Hugh Holmes, whose name introduces 
this review, accjuired his education in the 
common schools, and when fourteen years 
of age continued his education in the night 
schools. He soon began to earn his own 
livelihood, and applied himself ililigently to 
his work, following various occupations un- 
til 1839, when, having by his earnest labors 
accjuired some capital, he became asso- 
ciated with his brother-in-law in the manu- 
facture of tobacco, at Belleville, under the 
firm name of Holmes & Kingsland. in 
which enterprise they met with good suc- 
cess. His ne.xt business venture was in the 
grocery trade, in connection with his 
brother-in-law, John CoUard, under the 
firm name of Holmes & Collard, and on dis- 
posing of his interest in that line, he 
entered the coal business in East Newark, 
where he continued in business for five 
years. 

His ambition next led him to explore 
the oil fields of Pennsylvania and he there 
organized a company for the development 
of oil wells, becoming its manager. In 
this he only met with partial success and 
finally abandoned the enterprise, but the 



three wells which he opened afterward 
yielded an enormous output. On leaving 
Pennsyhania he went to the lumber regions 
of Michigan, where he built extensive mills 
for the manufacture of lumber and met with 
good success, but later he sold out and lost 
the result of his labors, owing to the dis- 
honesty of the purchaser. Mr. Holmes has 
at various times lieen interested in real es- 
tate in lielleville. and though he has met 
with some re\erses his career has alto- 
gether been a prosperous one, owing to his 
energy, perseverance and well directed ef- 
forts. Fie was the principal factor in the 
upbuilding and development of Belleville at 
an early day and laid the foundation for its 
present prosperity and progress. He took 
an active interest in all matters pertaining 
to the general welfare and lent his support 
and co-operation to all measures for the 
pulilic good. 

In his political views Mr. Holmes has al- 
ways been a Jeffersonian Democrat, and in 
1854 he was nominated by his party for the 
general assembly, being elected by a ma- 
jority of three hundred, while at the pre- 
ceding election the opposition had a ma- 
jority of four hundred. At the end of his 
first term he was re-elected by an increased 
majority, a fact which indicated his fidelity 
to the interests of his constituents. During 
his second term he came within one vote of 
being elected speaker of the house. When 
his name was called for he voted for his 
opponent. ]Mr. Holmes was largely instru- 
mental in securing the passage of a number 
of important bills which affected the inter- 
ests of Essex county. He was the leading 
spirit and prime mover of the bill which 
made Belleville a city, and his name is as- 
sociated with other important legislation. 

It is a recognized fact that ]\Ir. Holmes 



ENSEX CnUXTY. 



211 



figured as the most prominent factor in 
many of the enterprises and undertakings 
which have conserved the development and 
material prosperity of Belleville, and his 
zealous efforts have not fallen short of ap- 
preciation on the part of his fellow citi- 
zens. There is no doubt that his chief ac- 
complishment in the way of advancing the 
interests of Belleville was in connection 
with the very important work of widening 
and deepening the channel of the Passaic 
river at this point, involving the elimination 
of the bar which had for so many years been 
a menace to navigation. Mr. Holmes in- 
augurated the movement for this essential 
improvement and labored earnestly and un- 
tiringly until success crowned his efforts. 
Through the effective aid of Hon. George 
A. Halsey. then a member of congress, an 
appropriation was secured from the govern- 
ment, in the amount of twenty-five thou- 
sand dollars, and this was subsequently in- 
creased to eighty thousand. This appro- 
priation was expended carefully and ju- 
diciously in the completion of the pre- 
scribed work, and the result will prove a 
perpetual benefit to navigation and to the 
various towns along the Passaic river. An 
article recently published speaks as fol- 
lows in regard to this great improvement : 

The draws in the bridges, which had al- 
ways been a nuisance, and by which much 
damage was occasioned, have been torn out 
and new ones placed therein, giving free 
navigation to the largest vessels that may 
want to sail on our river, and, most im- 
portant of all, our river, which was before 
only two feet in depth, has been so deep- 
ened as to make it equal to Newark in this 
respect, for any vessel that can get over the 
Newark bar, can reach the docks at Belle- 
ville. All the steamboats before the reefs 
were cleaned out and deepened had to be 
run according to the tides, and, indeed, 



e\ery sailing vessel and canal boat that came 
in the river had to wait for the tide. Some- 
times there would be half a dozen, above 
and below the reef, waiting to get over, and 
it was also a dangerous place for all vessels, 
— full of rocks, any one of which if a boat 
got fast, was sure to go through and fill the 
vessel with water, and if a perishable cargo, 
it was destroyed. Many and many a thou- 
sand of dollars have been the losses sus- 
tained thereby. Its reputation was as a bad 
and dangerous one throughout the com- 
mercial world. There was always from ten 
to twentv-five cents per ton more charged 
for freight, as lumber, brick, coal, etc., that 
had to cross the reef; in fact such was its 
reputation abroad that some captains could 
not be induced to bring a cargo over it at 
any price, and some who did load for Belle- 
ville would not start until a written indem- 
nitv was given securing them from all loss. 
There are thousands of dollars annually 
saved to parties receiving freight on this 
river, from the fact of these great im- 
provements. 

Mr. Holmes was prevailed upon, by a 
large and enthusiastic meeting of citizens, 
to place steamboats on the river, with a 
positive promise of one hundred com- 
muters, at thirty-five dollars each. He built 
a large boat adapted to the river, and 
bought another, his investment represent- 
ing thirty thousand dollars. He ran the 
l)oats for two years, but from the non- 
fulfillment of the promises his loss was 
nearly six thousand dollars, besides a great 
loss on the boats. To Mr. Holmes is also 
due the credit of having been the first per- 
son to propose the operation of horse cars 
on Broad street, in the city of Newark. 

On the 13th of September, 1842, Mr. 
Holmes was united in marriage to Miss 
Ann Dow Williams, a daughter of John and 
Rachel (Van Riper) \\'illiams, who was 
born September 27, 1817. Their home life 
has been ideal, and their pleasant residence 



212 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



has ever been noted for its hospitality. 
They possess many social qualities which 
have brought them warm friendship, and 
they are favorites with the young as well 
as with those of more mature years. 



JOSEPH H. HAYDON, M. D. 

One of the busiest men of Newark is Dr. 
Haydon, whose extensive practice indicates 
his standing in the profession. Recondite 
genius often exists in specific instances, but 
is seldom brought into the clear light of 
utilitarian and practical life. Hope is of the 
valley, while effort is climbing the mountain 
side, so that personal advancement comes 
only to those whose hope and faith are 
those of action. Thus is determined the full 
measure of success to one who has strug- 
gled under disadvantageous circimistances, 
and the prostrate mediocrity to another 
whose ability has been as great and oppor- 
tunities wider. Then we may well hold in 
high regard the result of individual effort 
and personal accomplishment, for cause and 
effect here maintain their functions in full 
force. That Dr. Haydon has attained to an 
eminent position in the medical profession 
is due .to his careful and systematic prepara- 
tion for the work, his fidelity, his deep inter- 
est in the science of medicine and his de- 
termination to succeed. 

Born in New Orleans, Louisiana, April 
12, 1851, he is the only son of William B. 
and Mary E. W. (Jewett) Haydon. His 
father was a native of Hopkinsville, Ken- 
tucky, and for some years resided in the 
south. He made his home in New Orleans 
and also lived in Mobile, Alabama, where 
he served as mayor of the city and also as a 
member of the board of city aldermen. He 
was a Mason of high standing and a promi- 



nent and influential factor in the public life 
of the cities in which he at various times 
made his home. The Haydon family is well 
known throughout Kentucky and other 
southern states. The Doctor's mother was 
a daughter of General Jewett, a soldier of 
the Mexican war. She was a lady of natural 
culture and refinement and like her hus- 
band spent her last days in Newark. Her 
birth occurred in Fitchburg, Massachusetts. 

Dr. Haydon spent his early days in the 
south, and at the age of si.xteen entered the 
University of Virginia, where he remained 
as a student for four years. He then en- 
tered the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of New York, where he was grad- 
uated with high honors in the class of 1872. 
Among his classmates were such eminent 
physicians as Dr. E. C. Spitzka, of New 
York city: Dr. Weeks, of Trenton, New 
Jersey, and Dr. J. E. Winter, of the New 
York University. Dr. Haydon is now a 
member of the Alumni Association of that 
institution. For the first six months after 
leaving college he was associated with the 
charity hospital on Blackwell's island, and 
for three months was in the Epileptic and 
Paralytic Hospital on that island. Subse- 
cjuently he spent six months in the New 
York City Asylum for the Insane, on Ward's 
island, and for one year was in the Colored 
Home Hospital of Sixty-fifth street and 
First a\-enue, New York. His varied and 
extensive experience in these various hospi- 
tals gave him splendid equipment for the 
private practice of his profession, and in 
his chosen calling he has won a reputation 
among the ablest physicians of Newark. 

Dr. Haydon came to this city in Decem- 
ber, 1874, and opened an office at the corner 
of Bank and Washington streets, where he 
entered upon a general practice. He de- 



ESSEX COUXTY 



213 



votes his energies to all lines of medical and 
surgical work, but perhaps making special- 
ties of surgery and nervous and obstetrical 
diseases. His ability is of a very high order, 
and, added to a profound knowledge of the 
science of medicine and surgery, he has that 
accuracy and calm judgment which are in- 
dispensable to the successful physician. His 
practice is now very large, and he is there- 
by winning a success which he justly merits. 
He is a member of the y^isculapian Society, 
the Essex District Medical Society, the 
New Jersey State Medical Association and 
the American Medical Association. 

The Doctor is also a member of many so- 
cial fraternities, but finds little time to de- 
vote to them on account of the pressing de- 
mands of his practice. He was for fifteen 
years medical examiner for the Prudential 
Insurance Company, of Newark, and for 
some time held a similar position in con- 
nection with the United States Life Insur- 
ance Company. In politics he is an inde- 
pendent Democrat, but has little time to 
give to political affairs. 

Dr. Haydon married Miss Sarah C. 
Green, a daughter of Amos A. Green, and 
theirs is one of the charming homes of the 
city, its hospitality being proverbial. So- 
cially, the Doctor's cordiality is well 
known, and his unfailing courtesy and gen- 
uine worth render him a favorite with all 
classes. 



MICHAEL BARRY, 

funeral director and undertaker. No. 18 Val- 
ley street, West Orange, was born in Ross- 
common county, Ireland, February 22, 
1845, and is the son of Dennis and Bridget 
(O'Berine) Barry. His mother was a daugh- 
ter of Michael O'Berine, who came to 



America in the latter part of the eighteenth 
century and located in Brooklyn, New York, 
where he successfully engaged in the manu- 
facture of leather for a number of years. 
He afterward returned to the land of his na- 
tivity, where he died in 1852. Mrs. Bridget 
Barry was a cousin of General James O'Ber- 
ine, a distinguished officer of the civil war. 

Dennis Barry, the father of our subject, 
was a son of Michael Barry, who had a large 
family of sons and daughters, most of whom 
came to America and settled in New Or- 
leans, Louisiana. Dennis Barry and his 
wife are now residents of Mount Vernon, 
New York, and both are communicants of 
the Catholic church, in which faith they 
reared their family of thirteen children, four 
of whom are still living. Michael; Bernard, 
who resides in Mount Vernon, New York; 
Mary, wdio also lives in that place, and John, 
who makes his home in Orange, New Jer- 
sey. 

Michael Barry attended a public school in 
his native country until eleven years of age, 
when he accompanied his parents on their 
emigration to America, and completed his 
education in the schools of Mount Vernon. 
When his school days were over, he be- 
gan to learn the hatter's trade, in the fac- 
tory of Edwin Tichenor, and was thus en- 
gaged until after the breaking out of the 
civil war, when, feeling that it was his duty 
to aid his adopted country, he enlisted in 
the United States Navy and served under 
Commodore Farragut until the close of the 
war, when he was honorably discharged in 
New York, April 19, 1863. 

Returning to his home Mr. Barry worked 
at the hatter's trade as a journeyman for 
one year, and then liecame manager of Wil- 
liam Henderson's hat factory, in wdiich ca- 
pacity he served for about a year. He then 



214 



ESSEX COUNTY 



became one of the organizers of the firm 
of Cummings, Matthews & Barry, hat man- 
tifacturers, and entered upon a prosperous 
epoch in his business career. Under the 
wise and prudent management of the part- 
ners, aU weh known business men of thor- 
ough reliabihty, the business steadily and 
constantly increased, and brought to the 
owners a handsome income. Mr. Barry 
continued a member of this firm until 18S7, 
when he sold out. He then spent some time 
traveling in Europe, and on his return to 
America, located in Orange Valley, estab- 
lishing his present successful undertaking 
and funeral-directing Ijusiness. In 1894 he 
removed to his present location, where he 
has extensive warerooms and a large stock 
of everything needed in his line. 

On the 6th of October, 1872, Mr. Barry 
was united in marriage to Miss Mary Mc- 
Hugh, a daugliter of Peter and Ann (Fitz- 
gerald) McHugh. To this union have been 
born five children: Mary Francis, who is 
a graduate of the Seton Hall Academy, of 
South Orange; Walter Francis Leo, who is 
assisting his father in business; Genevieve, 
who is at present a student in the ])arochial 
school of the Church of Our Lady of the 
Valley, and is also the organist in the 
church; Annie Christiana and Aloysius. 

Mr. Barry and his family are all com- 
municants of the Roinan Catholic church, 
and he is a member in good standing of 
a number of fraternal organizations, name- 
ly: The Knights of Columbus, The Catho- 
lic Benevolent Legion, the St. Patrick's Al- 
liance of America, and the Ancient Order 
of Hibernians. Mr. Barry has always taken 
an active interest in local and political af- 
fairs, and has been more or less identified 
with the various ofifices in the township. He 
has served for two terms as a member of 



the Ijoard of education, was for a mmiber 
of jears a member of the fire department 
of Orange, and served for one term in the 
health department, during which time he 
was president of the board. He is recog- 
nized as one of the successful and enter- 
prising business men of Orange Valley, and 
has won a handsome competence, due to his 
untiring energy and perse\'erance. 



MATTHIAS S. CRANE, M. D., 

one of the prominent and popular physi- 
cians of Newark, was born in Fulton street, 
that city, on the 25th of December, 1844, 
and is a son of Matthias and Elizabeth 
(Morgan) Crane. His father was born at 
Paulins Hook, now Jersey City, being a de- 
scendant of north-of-Ireland and Scotch 
stock, and for many years he was a citizen 
of Newark, where he was an expert in the 
line of veneering, varnishing and gold-leaf 
painting. He was at one time general man- 
ager of Sigler's Cabinet Works, one of the 
old town industries, the manufactory stand- 
ing formerly on the site of the present 
Penns}'lvania Railroad depot, in Market 
street. For several years j\Ir. Crane lived 
at Irvington with his family, which he left 
in Newark in 1854-5, and went to New Or- 
leans, with the intention of locating there 
and engaging in the sugar business. The 
war cloud, however, which was at that time 
gathering, convinced him that he would be 
better off in the north, and thither he re- 
turned, remaining in Newark until his 
death, which occurred in 1893, ^^ ^o- ^99 
Garside street. Mrs. Crane was born on 
Manhattan Island, and is now living in 
Newark, at the venerable age of eighty-six 
years. 

The primary education of Matthias S. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



2\'- 



Crane was acquired in the pulilic schools 
of Camptown, now Ir\-ington, and a pri- 
vate select school there, tauyht by Miss 
Peck. On the 30th of August, 1S61, 
at the age of fifteenivears and eight months, 
he answered the call of duty and enlisted in 
the defense of the Union, in Company E, 
Eighth Regiment, New Jersey \'olunteer 
Infantry, serving in the Third Brigade, 
Second Division, under General Joe Hook- 
er, Third Army Corps, Army, of the Poto- 
mac. He participated in the battles of York- 
town, \\'illiamsburg, Fair Oaks, Vir- 
ginia, Ijeing under fire for a month; 
Malvern Hill twice, Bristow Station, 
Fredericksburg, second Bull Run and 
Chancellorsville, having his left slioul- 
der shot awa}- at the latter en- 
gagement while carrying the regimental 
colors to the front. The regimental loss in 
that Ijattle was one hundred and twenty- 
five out of a total of two hundred and sixty- 
eight engaged. Mr. Crane, with his regi- 
ment, participated in fourteen battles, ex- 
clusive of skirmishes; and while King at 
the United States Army General Hospital 
on Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia, he was mus- 
tered out of service, on the ijtli of June, 
1864, being incapacitated for further duty 
on account of the injury received. While 
an inmate of the army hospital j\Ir. Crane 
was detailed as a clerk to the board of sur- 
gery, and under its preceptorage he began 
the study of medicine. \Vhen able to do so 
he left the hospital and returned to his 
home, where, notwithstanding his still open 
wound, he was drafted for service, but was, 
of course, excused when the circumstances 
became kno^\■n. In consequence of his in- 
jury he was an invalid for four or five years 
following the war. and in order to recuper- 
ate his health he went to the mountains of 



Pennsylvania, where he lived in a tent dur- 
ing one summer, which proved of great 
benefit to him and effected a complete 
change in his condition. 

Subsequently Dr. Crane located in Cosh- 
octon. Ohio, and there read medicine under 
the tuition of Dr. J. B. Ingram, later at- 
tending two courses of lectures at Starling 
Medical College, and at the Columlnis 
^ledical College, graduating at the latter 
in 187S. Upon obtaining his diploma he 
went to Newton county, Indiana, and there 
engaged in the practice of his profession 
for al.)out two years, when a disastrous fire 
destroyed everything he possessed, and he 
moved to the southwestern part of Benton 
county, in the same state, where he con- 
tinued in practice alone for two years, and 
then formed a professional partnership with 
Dr. J. Y. Campbell, at Paxton, Ford coun- 
ty, Illinois. While in the latter place the 
Doctor was severely afflicted with rheuma- 
tism and returned to Newark, and here, 
since November, 1882, he has followed his 
profession with the distinguished success 
that is well merited by his extensive knowl- 
edge of his calling in all its branches. He 
holds diplomas from the Starling [Medical 
College, the Columbus Medical College, is 
a Hcentiate of the Illinois State }iledical 
Board (1879), a post-graduate of the Chi- 
cago Medical College in 1882, and is an 
alumnus of the Starling Medical College, 
1895, and of the Columbus Medical Col- 
lege, 1878. For five years the Doctor has 
served as secretary of the Newark Board of 
United States Pension Examiners; he is a 
member of the Union Veteran Legion, in 
which he held the office of colonel of En- 
campment No. 100 during the year 1895, 
and was its surgeon general in 1895-6, with 
the rank of brigadier general. He is the 



2l6 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



present commander of Marcus L. \\ anl 
Post, No. 88, Department of New Jersey. 
Grand Army of the Repu1-ilic. and was med- 
ical director of that department in 1894-5. 

Dr. Crane celebrated his marriage on the 
2ist of January, 1873, at Coshocton. Ohio, 
where he was united to Miss Carrie C. Wil- 
son, daughter of William and Virginia Wil- 
son, of Coshocton county. The following 
four children have l)een Ijorn to the Doctor 
and his wife: Frank Pierce, deceased; Fred 
M., David H. and Kathie M. 



HENRY E. BAILEY, 

a well known resident of Millburn. was 
born in Millburn township, Essex county, 
New Jersey, on the i6th of June. 1848. The 
ancestrv of Mr. Bailey can be traced in a 
direct line back to Thomas Bailey, who was 
born November 25, 1717, his wife's birth 
having taken place on September 22, 1722. 
He died August 5, 1768. Samuel Bailey, 
son of Thomas, was born April 24, 1756, 
and married Phoebe Beach on September 
15, 1779. She was born November 15, 
1752. Their deaths occurred April 28, 
1815, and October 18, 1793, respectively. 
Six children were born to them, namely: 
Samuel, John, David, Abraham R., Thomas 
Wade and Phoebe. 

Samuel (2d) was born in IMillburn town- 
ship on January 8, 1781, and engaged in the 
meat business and in farming during his 
life. On the 4th of March, 1801, he mar- 
ried Miss Polly Edwards, and their chil- 
dren were: Phoebe, Aaron, Edward, John, 
Maria, Abraham Edwards, Harriet Ed- 
wards, Phoebe D., Samuel M., Oliver E., 
and Charles M. Mr. Bailey was prominent 
in public affairs and held several local of- 
fices. He died September 19, 1867. his wife 



having departed this life August 19, 185 1. 
He was twice married, his second wife be- 
ing Mrs. Abigail Crowel, a sister of his 
first wife. Samuel M. Bailey was born in 
Millburn on the 25th of February, 1818, 
and early in life learned the carpenter's 
trade, which he followed for several years, 
subsequently succeeding his father in the 
meat business and engaging in the same 
at Short Hills for a long period. On No- 
vember 2T,. 1842, he was married to MiSs 
Lydia Baldwin, a daughter of Ezra Bald- 
win. Six children were born to them, four 
daughters and two sons. 

Mr. Bailey was an active Republican, and 
was township assessor, township commit- 
teeman and held numerous other local of- 
fices. Mrs. Bailey died on the 9th of De- 
cember, 1889, and was survived by her hus- 
band until Fel)ruary 15, 1897. 

Henry E. Bailey, the eldest of the two 
sons and the immediate subject of this 
mention, has passed nearly all his life on 
and near the old homestead. On the 25th 
of February, 1873, he was united in mar- 
riage to ^liss Odessa Reeves, a daughter of 
Abner and Elizabeth (Baldwin) Reeves, and 
they have two daughters. 

In his political adherency Mr. Bailey is 
a supporter of the Republican party and re- 
ligiously he and his family attend the Pres- 
byterian church of Springfield. 



EDMUND WILLIAMS. 

Advancement has been the watchword 
of the world through the present century. 
In every line of endeavor great progress 
has been made, but in no field of human 
effort has it been more marked than in hor- 
ticulture. Experiment, scientific research, 
chemical analysis, the conditions and effect 
of climate. — all have been taken into consid- 




H. E. BAILEY 



E88EX COUNTY. 



2i; 



eration in the production of fruits, vegeta- 
bles and flowers, and varieties have been so 
multipHed and qualities improved that the 
products of_ nursery, garden and greenhouse 
are almost beyond comparison with those 
of a century ago. In New Jersey there was 
no one who did more to improve this line 
of business than Edmund Williams, who 
ranked first among the horticulturists of 
the state. 

He was born in Montclair (then West 
Bloomfield), May 14, 1831. Early in life 
he became deeply interested in the produc- 
tion of flowers and fruit, and studied closely 
the best methods of caring for and cultivat- 
ing trees, shrubs and plants. He carried 
his investigation and researches far beyond 
the average horticulturist, and his discov- 
eries and comprehensive knowledge of the 
subject gained him marked prestige in this 
department. He became known through- 
out the country as a prominent horticultur- 
ist, and was instrumental in introducing 
the Kittatinny blackberry; also was the first 
planter of the noted Japan or Oriental plum 
in this locality. His forte was fruit culture, 
particularly the cultivation of grapes and 
strawberries, and lie was also the originator 
of the Montclair raspberry. His intimate 
knowledge of pomological matters was 
stamped with practical truth and absolute 
honesty. 

Being a ready and lucid writer, Mr. Wil- 
liams contributed freely to the horticultural 
press of the country, and what he wrote had 
sterling practical value as the expression of 
a wide experience and a singularly clear 
insight. He took deep interest in the arts 
and sciences allied to his profession, and 
was one of the founders of the New Jersey 
State Horticultural Society, serving as sec- 
retary the first fifteen years of its existence. 



and afterward as president for two years. 
He died July 12, 1894, and at the twentieth 
annual session of the New Jersey St;ue 
Horticultural Society, held at Trenton, Jan- 
uary 2 and 3, 1895, the following memorial 
was read: 

"Nineteen years ago, on the 17th of Aug- 
ust, 1875, a few men, earnest and enthu- 
siastic horticulturists of this state, met and 
organized the New Jersey State Horticul- 
tural Society, numbering among them men 
from all sections of the state, noted for their 
love and interest in horticulture, the ob- 
ject being mutual intercourse and j^romot- 
ing the interest of this science so intimately 
interwoven with our daily life, many of 
whom have gone to join the silent hosts, 
and conspicuous among whom was our for- 
mer secretary and for the last two years 
president of this society. 

"Edmund Williams, chosen to occupy 
the position of secretary of the society at 
its organization, ably discharged — and how 
ably we all know — the duties devolvingupon 
him for a number of }'ears. imtil incapaci- 
tated by bodily disease and intense suffer- 
ing, when he was obliged to relinquish the 
active duties pertaining to the office, but 
still retained his interest in the affairs and 
prosperity of the society Two years ago 
he was chosen to preside over the society 
as its president, and retained his interest 
in it to the last. 

"Edmund Williams was in many respects 
a uni(|ue man. Starting in life in an entirely 
different calling, his tastes and inclinations 
led him to adopt the profession of horticul- 
ture, and in this he was certainly the right 
man in the right place. Combined with his 
ardent love for his chosen profession, he 
was in all respects 'the noblest work of God 
— an honest man.' 



:i8 



ESSEX couxrv. 



"In his investigation of all tilings lie was 
thoroiigli, active, conscientious and true, 
and gave to tlie public his honest convic- 
tions, but not without thorougli in\'estiga- 
tion and careful study. He was a large and 
popular contributor to the horticultural 
journals of the day, and his opinions regard- 
ing the merits of the new fruits and the 
modes of cultivating generally, as well as 
older varieties, were sound and reliable, and 
anything over the signature of 'E. ^V." se- 
cured careful attention. 

"We recognize, in addition to his serv- 
ices to the cause of horticulture, the bene- 
fit he conferred upon the general public by 
his timely and unsparing criticisms and ex- 
posure of many of the horticultural hum- 
bugs of the day. 

"Mr. Williams — after a long and painful 
illness, and how painful none knew save 
those in daily intercourse with him — w'as 
finally called to his rest on July 12, 1894. 
His end came peacefully and he passed away 
as one going to sleep. He died as he had 
lived — in the hope of a glorious immortal- 
ity. Truly the Lord giveth his beloved 
sleep. 

"We desire to record our testimony to 
his worth as a man, as a friend, as a coun- 
selor and as a Christian. May his death 
serve to incite us all to increased exertions 
in the interest of the cause he loved so well, 
and be prepared to do our duty, one and all, 
and when the final suninious comes, be as 
well prepared as he!" 



J. C. WH^LIAMS. 

The proprietor of the Chestnut Hill Nur- 
series, whose name forms the caption of this 
article, was born on the old family home- 
stead in West Bloomfield township, now 



Montclair, Essex county, Feljruary i, 1846, 
and is the third son of John and Martha 
EI. (Carter) Williams. The family was 
founded in this county at the time the New 
England colony made a settlement in this 
locality. The grandfather, Zenas Williams, 
was born in Essex county, and the father 
was a native of West Orange, born Decem- 
ber 3, 1798. Throughout his life he fol- 
lowed the occupation of farming, and was 
one of the well known and highly respected 
citizens of the community. He is now de- 
ceased, but the mother of our subject is still 
living on the old homestead, in the ninety- 
third year of her age, her birth having oc- 
curred in 1805. Her father. Philander Car- 
ter, was a native of Alorris county, New Jer- 
sey. 

J. C. ^\'illiams was reared upon his 
father's farm and attended the district 
schools, supplementing his early education- 
al privileges by a commercial course in Bry- 
ant & Stratton's business college, of New- 
ark. He entered upon his business career 
as a merchant, in Orange, but after carry- 
ing on operations along that line for eigh- 
teen months he sold out and returned to 
the farm. Soon afterward he entered into 
partnershij) with his brother Edmuml. un- 
der the iirm name of E. & J. C. Williams, 
proprietors of the Chestnut Hill Nurseries, 
at Montclair. They engaged in a general 
nursery business and stood at the head of 
their line of trade in this part of the state. 
The senior member of the firm was one of 
the most ])rominent and honored horti- 
culturists that the state has produced, and 
the younger brother, whose name heads 
this sketch, has fully sustained the high 
reputation which is attached to the name of 
\\"illiams in connection with horticulture. 

He not only understands the best meih- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



219 



ods of raising fruits, but is also a practical 
business man in trade transactions, and 
thoroughly reliable at all times. 



MORGAN WILLCOX AYRES, M. D., 

residing at Lorraine avenue and Park, Up- 
per Montclair, has been a resident since 
1876, when he came from Brooklyn, New 
York, the city of his birth, being the son of 
Dr. Daniel and Charlotte Augusta (Rus- 
sell) Ayres, of that city. 



GEORGE ARNOLD, 

is one of the worthy citizens that the Fath- 
erland has furnished to New Jersey. He 
was born in Bavaria, Germany, on the i ith 
of October, 1856, a son of Conrad and Eliz- 
abeth (Toffer) Arnold. His father died in 
1858. leaving the mother with two chil- 
dren, George and Margaret, the latter now 
the wife of Fred Zigler, of South Orange. 
Mrs. Arnold afterward married again, be- 
coming the wife of a Mr. Ivoab, and in her 
native .land she still resides. 

To the public schools of Germany George 
Arnold is indebted for the educational ad- 
vantages which he received. He served a 
three years' apprenticeship to the shoe- 
maker's trade and afterward worked as a 
journeyman for seven years, Ijut wages were 
low and opportunities for advancement 
meager in the old world and he resolved to 
test the advantages ofifered to young men 
in the American republic. Accordingly he 
sailed for the United States in 1872 and 
learned the barber's trade, which he fol- 
lowed in New York city until 1878. Li 
that year he entered the military service of 
his adopted country. He had inherited 
from his father, who was a proficient musi- 



cian, much of his love for and talent in that 
art, and as a member of the band of the 
Twentieth Regiment of the United States 
troops he joined the army, serving in that 
capacity in Texas for four years and in Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas, for one year, when 
his term having expired, he was honorably 
discharged. 

Locating in Orange, Mr. Arnold opened 
a barber shop, which he conducted for three 
years, when he came to South Orange and 
followed his trade for a time. His industry, 
economy, perseverance and straightforward 
dealing brought to him some capital, which 
he invested in the old Hixon property, a 
farm situated on Valley street. This he 
divided into town lots and has sold a large 
number at a good profit. For some years 
he has been extensively engaged in the real- 
estate business and his progressiveness in 
this direction has contributed not a little to 
the upbuilding and substantial improve- 
ment of the town. He also represents a 
number of the old, reliable insurance com- 
panies and his business in this direction has 
added not a little to his income. His suc- 
cess is the outgrowth of his own well di- 
rected efforts, the result of his honorable 
dealing and industry, and has been so 
worthily achieved that it places him above 
all envy. 

Mr. Arnold has been twice married. Li 
1883 he was joined in wedlock to Miss Eliz- 
abeth Bruner, a native of Switzerland, who 
died in 1884. In 1886 he married Miss 
Caroline F. Werner, a native of Newark and 
a daughter of Charles F. Werner, now a 
hardware dealer of Orange. Their family 
numbers five children: Irene, Louise, 
Ruth, Margaret and Werner. Mr. Arnold 
is a member of the INIethodist Episcopal 
church, the Roval Arcanum and the An- 



220 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



cient Order of United Workmen. He also 
belongs to the ■Nlarkwith Ijand, the oldest 
organization of the kind in the state, and 
has done much to promote a love and taste 
for music in this locality. 



AARON B. DENMAN 

follows farming in his native township of 
Millburn. He was born on the old family 
homestead March 19, 181 5. and is a son of 
John Denman, whose birth also occurred 
there. The grandfather, Thomas Denman. 
was also a native of the same locality. Tra- 
dition says that the ancestors of the Den- 
man family in America were three Ijrothers 
who came from England in early colonial 
days, by name Stephen, Jacob and John; 
and that all reared families in the vicinity 
of Millburn and Springfield, New Jersey. 
Thomas Denman was a large land-owner 
and received much of his land in its primi- 
tive condition from the English govern- 
ment. The district was then thickly set- 
tled with Indians, wdio occasioned much 
trouble to the white people. Throughout 
the war of the Revolution the grandfather 
served as a gallant soldier of the colonies 
and was several times wounded, carrying 
the British lead with him to his grave. He 
married Hannah Chandler, of Elizal;>eth, 
who belonged to one of the first families of 
this state. 

John Denman, father of our subject, was 
reared and educated under his father's di- 
rection, and on account of his father's 
health took charge of the old homestead. 
Upon the latter's death he came into pos- 
session of a portion of it and continued to 
conduct the farm in connection with shoe- 
making in company with his eldest son, Ed- 
win. They manufactured shoes and sold 



to the New York trade, and thus added not 
a little to his income. He was united in 
marriage to Miss Deideme Dean, a daugh- 
ter of Jacob Dean, wdio was a large land- 
holder and belonged to an old New Jersey 
family. To this union were born the fol- 
lowing children: Edwin, Aaron, Isaac, 
Lewis, Bethuel, Thomas, Electa (widow of 
Daniel Dean), and Henrietta, wife of 
George Littell, of Livingston township. 
The family were acceptable members of 
the Presljyterian church. The parents are 
both now deceased. 

Aaron B. Denman was reared under the 
parental roof and acquired his education in 
the public schools of the neighborhood. 
After attaining his majority he continued 
to follow the occupation which had claimed 
much of his attention in boyhood and has 
throughout his life been identified with the 
agricultural interests of Millburn township. 
He also assisted his father at shoemaking in 
his younger years, and after his marriage 
purchased forty acres of the old homestead, 
whereon he has since made his liome. He 
has added many substantial improvements 
to the place and now has one of the finest 
farms in Essex, supplied wdth all modern 
accessories and conveniences. 

In 1838 Mr. Denman was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mary Ross, a daughter of 
Aaron and Hlannah (Drew) Ross, natives 
of Millburn township and early settlers of 
this section of the county. The children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Denman are Henrietta, wife 
of William Browning, a resident of East 
Madison; Elizabeth, now deceased; Anna, 
who married George Denman, and is living 
in Millburn. The mother of this family de- 
parted this life on the 2d of April, 1855, and 
for his second wife Mr. Denman chose Mrs. 
James Howell, a widow. They have one 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



221 



child, Elmer, who married Lottie Brokaw, 
a daughter of Leander and Charlotte Bro- 
kaw, and now resides in Millburn township. 
^Ir. Denman votes with the Democracy, 
but has never been an aspirant for political 
honors. He is a consistent member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church and his well 
spent life has won him uniform regard. He 
is now living retired, being the owner of 
several valuable farms and other property 
which yields him a good income and en- 
ables him to lay aside the heavier burdens 
of business life. 



H. MESSENGER AYRES, M. D., 

resides at Park street and Inwood avenue, 
Upper Montclair. He removed in 1895 from 
Brooklyn, New York, his birthplace, being 
a son of Dr. Daniel and Charlotte Augusta 
(Russell) Ayres, of that city. 



F. W. WOLFE. 

A man's reputation is the property of the 
world. The laws of nature have forbidden 
isolation. Every human being submits to 
the controlling influence of others, or, as a 
master spirit, wields a power either for good 
or evil on the masses of mankind. There 
can be no impropriety in justly scanning 
the acts of any man as they affect his public 
and business relations. If he is honest and 
eminent in his chosen field of labor, investi- 
gation will l>righten his fame and point the 
path that others may follow with like suc- 
cess. From among the ranks of quiet, per- 
severing yet prominent citizens — promi- 
nent on account of what he has done in 
commercial circles — there is no one more 
deserving of mention in a volume of this 
character than I\Ir. Wolfe. 

He was born in New York city in 1849, 



and removed with his parents to Pleas- 
antdale, Essex county. New Jersey, when 
only two years old. He is a son of John 
and Margaretta (Pomer) Wolfe, well-to-do 
farming people, who owned considerable 
property in Pleasantdale. The father died 
in 1889, but the mother is still living. Their 
family numbered the following named : 
George, who married Esta Williams; F. W., 
of this review; John F., who wedded Caro- 
line Sippel and is living in Pleasantdale; 
and Margaretta, wife of George Noll, a res- 
ident of New York. 

F. W. Wolfe was reared to manhood in 
Pleasantdale, and after attaining his ma- 
jority was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Werner, a native of Millbach, Germany, 
and a daughter of J. Baptiste and Helen 
Werner. Her father died in 1891, and her 
mother passed away on the 29th of April, 
1897. 

Mr. Wolfe is a thoroughgoing, enterpris- 
ing and up-to-date business man, and his 
efforts have been crowned with success. In 
1880 he embarked in merchandizing in 
Pleasantdale and three years later erected 
his present residence and store building, in 
which he has since conducted a general 
store. He carries a large stock of goods 
and from the surrounding country re- 
ceives a liberal patronage. His straightfor- 
ward business methods and his earnest de- 
sire to please his patrons secure him a con- 
tinuance of their support and bring to him 
a good income. He is the owner of a con- 
siderable extent of desirable real estate, hav- 
ing ten acres of land surrounding his store 
and twenty-six acres on the Pleasant Valley 
way, which is rapidly increasing in value as 
population extends in that direction. He 
also owns three residences in West Orange, 
which he rents. 



222 



ESfiEX COUNTY. 



Mr. \\'olfe was appointed postmaster of 
Pleasantdale under President Cleveland's 
administration and has held the office for 
the past ten years, with credit to himself and 
satisfaction to the patrons of the of^ce. He 
and his wife are active members of the Pres- 
byterian church, in which he is now serving 
as treasurer and trustee. He contributes 
liberally to its support and does all in his 
power for the promotion of the cause. Al- 
ways social and genial, he possesses a social 
disposition that well fits him for his official 
duties and his mercantile life. 



HEZEKIAH DARE, 

one of the representative citizens of South 
Orange township. Essex county. New Jer- 
sey, is an Englishman In- birth and early as- 
sociation, having been born in England in 
1823, a son of English parents. 

Samuel Dare, his father, emigrated to 
this country with his family in 1842 and 
located first in ^Montgomery county. New 
York, where he followed his occupation, 
that of farming. In 1S55 he left New York 
and went west to Kankakee, Illinois, where 
he spent the rest of his life. Both he and 
his wife died at Kankakee a number of years 
ago. She was before her marriage Miss 
Anna Biggs, her native place being near 
Wrinton. Both were devoted Christians, 
members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and enjoyed the high esteem of all 
who knew them. Following are the names 
of their children : Hezekiah, whose name 
heads this sketch: Elizabeth, deceased: 
John, who married Antonette Howard: 
Marv, matron of the House of Shelter at 
Albanv, New York: ^lark, who married 
Miss Florence Howard, and is a school 



teacher in Illinois: Hannah, widow of a Air. 
Koon, resides with her children at Kanka- 
kee, Illinois; Mrs. Anna Kolgon, of Kansas. 

Hezekiah Dare was reared to farm life, 
his boyhood days being spent in assisting 
his father in the farm work, and shortly 
after their settlement in America he learned 
the carpenter's trade. This trade he has 
followed through life. 

Mr. Dare has been married three times. 
His first wife, nee Sarah Staley, he wedded 
in December, 1849. She was a native of 
Scotchbush, New York, and a daughter of 
Harmonious Staley, a New Yorker and 
a representative of one of the first families 
that settled in the Empire state. Their 
union was blessed in the birth of two chil- 
dren, namely: Eveline and Anna, the for- 
mer a resident of South Orange township, 
Essex county, New Jersey, and the latter 
of Amsterdam, New York. For his second 
wife Mr. Dare married Frances Irene 
Reeves, a native of this township and a 
daughter of Thomas A. Reeves, a repre- 
sentative of one of the first families of Essex 
countv. Of their children, we record that 
Samuel ,\llen is an engineer at Long 
Branch. New Jersey; Raymond Scott mar- 
ried Miss Susan Baker, lives at Alaplewood, 
New Jersey, and is a painter by trade; Jo- 
sephine is deceased; Emer}% who married 
Charlotte Gardiner, and Walter Edward are 
at home. The mother of these children 
died in 1876. The present Mrs. Dare was 
formerly Tvliss Agnes Campbell. She is a 
native of Millburn township, Essex county. 
New Jerse}-, her people ha\'ing long been 
residents of this county. 

At the outbreak of the Alexican war in 
1846 the patriotism of Mr. Dare was 
aroused and in the fall of that year he en- 
listed in the United States armv and went 



E^'^SEX COUNTY. 



223 



to the front, where lie saw much hard fight- 
ing'. Among the prominent engagements 
in \\ hich he participated were those of Vera 
Cruz, Cerro Gordo. Churubusco, Chapulte- 
pec, Mexico city, and JMoHno del Rev. 
Faithfully he served his adopted country 
and at the close of the war was honorably 
discharged and was mustered out of the 
service at Fort Hamilton, New York. 

Mr. Dare and his wife are consistent 
memljers of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and in his political views he is inde- 
pendent, supporting men and measures 
rather than holding to party lines. 



IRA C. BALDWIN, 

a retired citizen of South Orange, New Jer- 
sey, resides in one of the pleasant homes on 
Valley street. He dates his nativity in East 
Orange, this state, and traces his ancestry 
back through several generations to an 
Englishman who emigrated to this country 
and settled, it is thought, in Connecticut. 

The record of the Baldwin family shows 
them to be a patriotic and li])erty-loving 
people, participating in the wars of this 
country and in times of peace ranking with 
its representative citizens. Israel Baldwin, 
the grandfather of Ira C. was a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, and his son John, our sub- 
ject's father, was in the war of 181J. The 
former was a native of Bloomfield, New 
Jersey, and lived to a ripe old age. and his 
wife lived to be ninety years of age. John 
Baldwin, also a native of the same place, 
was reared to farm life, in early life making 
his home with Abial Dodd. He learned the 
trade of shoemaker, which, however, he 
followed but a short time. As already 
stated, he served in the war of 1812. Ira C, 
Baldwin has in his possession his father's 



honorable discharge, which bears the date 
of 1815. Politically, John Baldwin was a 
supporter of the old Whig party during 
his younger days, liut later allied himself 
with the Republican party, to which he re- 
mained attached during the remainder of 
his life. He died December 6, 1884, at the 
age of nearly ninety years. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Anna B. ]Munn, was a 
daughter of Joseph Munn, a representa- 
tive of one of the first families that settled 
in East Orange. She died in 1859. 

Ira C. Baldwin enjoyed the advantages of 
a good common-school education, and after 
reaching his majoritv engaged in various 
occupations; for several years he was in 
the hatting business, — for Agins & Com- 
pany for a year. Then he went west and gave 
his attention to agricultural pursuits, farm- 
ing successively in Illinois, Indiana and 
Iowa. After an absence of some years he 
returned to New Jersey and settled in East 
Orange and engaged in hatting and 
subsec|uently came to South Orange, where 
he owns and occupies a valuable home on 
Valley street. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. 

Mr. Baldwin was married May i, 1850, 
to Miss Abby Ann Baldwin, a daughter of 
Cyrus Baldwin, of Bloomfield township, Es- 
sex county. New Jersey. They have three 
children, — ]\Iarv G., Orrin M. and Lucv. 



ISAAC NEWTON REEVES, 

son of Al.Jiier and h^lizabeth (Baldwin) 
Reeves, was born in Millburn township. Es- 
sex county, New Jersey, on the 28th of 
November, 1857. His father was also Ijorn 
in this township and was a son of Isaac 
Reeves, who settled in Northfield at an 
earlv dav and there followed the vocation 



224 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



of farming. By liis first marriage Isaac 
Reeves had three children, Parker, Hitie, 
and Phoebe, and after the death of his wife 
he married Miss Rebecca Edwards, of 
Northfield, and of tliis union the foUowing 
were born: Abner, Ohver, Racliel, Juh- 
ette and Moses. Isaac Reeves Hved to a 
venerable age, his wife dying when sixty- 
fi\-e years old. 

Abner Reeves, father of our subject, fol- 
lowed the trade of shoemaking in his early 
life, but subsequently he purchased a farm 
in Millburn townshi]) and devoted the rest 
of his life to agricultural pursuits. On the 
6th of March, 1836, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Elizabeth Baldwin, daughter 
of Ezekiel Baldwin, who was a member of 
one of the prominent families of Essex 
county. To this couple were born eleven 
children, the following record of whom is 
herewith given: Sarah J-, born November 
22, 1836; Rachel, March i, 1839: Emily, 
February 26, 1841 ; Mary, January 15, 1843; 
Rebecca, October 4, 1845; IMelvina, .\u- 
gust 18, 1848: Ann Eliza. August 20. 1850; 
Odessa, September 7, 1852; Corinthia, Sep- 
tember 22, 1855; Isaac Newton. November 
28, 1857; Minetta, January 8, 1861. ~ Emily 
died August 9, 1849: Minetta died May 25, 
1889. Politically ^Ir. Reeves was an old- 
line Whig and later a Republican, and he 
and his wife were members of the West 
Livingston Methodist Episcopal church. 
He departed this life on the 27th of August, 
1881, and was survived by his wife until 
December 22, 1884, when she, too, passed 
aAN'ay. 

Isaac Newton Reeves, the immediate 
subject of this review, was reared on the 
old homestead, residing with his parents 
until his marriage, which was celebrated on 
the 27th of December, 1880, when he was 



united to Miss Alida E. Tyson, of Morris 
county. New Jersey, a daughter of George 
and Mary Ann (Douglas) Tyson, also na- 
tives of Morris county. After their mar- 
riage Mr. and Mrs. Ree\'es lived one year 
on an adjacent farm and then mo\-ed to the 
old homestead, where he has thirty-nine 
acres of improved land. In connection 
with managing this, he conducts a black- 
smith shop. In his political belief Mr. 
Reeves is a stanch Republican and votes 
for the principles and policies of that party. 
His wife is an adherent of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. Five children have been 
born to Mr. and IMrs. Reeves, namely: 
Abner, Erdman, Voorhees, Minnie and 
Rhoda. 



■ GEORGE H. LAMBERT, 

judge of the first crinnnal court of Newark 
and a distinguished member of the Essex 
county bar. was born April 12, 1853, in 
the Clove Valley, near Deckertown, Sus- 
sex county. New Jersey. Both his grand- 
fathers were heroes who fought in the war 
of the Revolution for the independence of 
the colonies. His father was Jesse Lam- 
bert, who for many years carried on black- 
smithing at the old homestead, following 
that pursuit until his death in 1869. 

Judge Lambert of this review attended 
the public schools near his home until thir- 
teen years of age. when he was sent as a 
day pupil to Mt. Retirement Seminary, 
about two miles from his home, pursuing 
his studies under the direction of Edward 
A. Stiles, a well known educator, then prin- 
cipal of the school. Through the winter 
months he was a student in that institu- 
tion, and in the summer season assisted in 
the labors of the farm or in working upon 



ESS!EX rOUXTY 



neighboring' farms in order to aid in the 
support of the family. When seventeen 
years of age he passed an examination be- 
fore the coimty superintendent of schools 
of Sussex county and was given a teacher's 
certificate. In the following winter he was 
employed as teacher of the school at Flat- 
brookville. on the Delaware river, but in 
the summer accepted a school near his 
home, in order to be with his mother, who 
was in poor health. The following winter 
he again taught at Flatbrookville. but in 
the succeeding summer- took charge of the 
Clove school, owing to his desire to be 
near his mother, whose ill health continued. 
His mother died in 1873. and in April. 
1874. he liecame a student in the school of 
William Rankin, in Mendham. Morris 
countv, New Jerse)'. and in order to pursue 
this course worked at gardening and other 
duties around the iiome of a neighbor for 
his board. In the autumn of that year he 
was appointed male assistant in the school 
and continued to occupy that position until 
Mr. Rankin's death in May, 1876. Mrs. 
Rankin had for many years had charge of 
the female department of the school, and 
she and Mr. Lambert, together continued 
the school until the fall of 1876. at which 
date the latter removed to Newark. 

For a year before his arri\'al in this city 
Judge Lambert had been studying law and 
spent Saturday of each week in the oflice of 
Burtis McGee, at Dover, nine miles from 
Mendham. On coming to Newark he en- 
tered the office of Elwood C. Harris, where 
he occupied a clerical position until Feb- 
ruary. 1880. when he was admitted to the 
bar. He then entered upon his career as 
a legal practitioner and soon won a posi- 
tion of prominence among the representa- 
tives of the profession in this city. With 

ii— 15 



a keenly analytical mind and habits of 
close investigation he allows no point to 
escape him which will strengthen his posi- 
tion in the trial of a case, and at the same 
time he never loses sight of an assailable 
point in an opponent's position. His prep- 
aration is thorough and exhaustive, his 
reasoning clear, his deductions sound and 
his logic almost incontrovertible. For some 
years past he has been associated in the 
practice with Judge Howard W. Haves, 
and the firm of Hayes &: Lambert stands 
among the most prominent at the Newark 
bar. On the 27th of May, 1897, he was ap- 
pointed judge of the first criminal court 
of Newark by Mayor James M. Sevniour. 
His course on the bench has already indi- 
cated his freedom from judicial bias and his 
comprehensive knowledge of jurisprudence, 
and has won him an en\"ialjle reputation. 

Judge Lambert is widely recognized as 
one of the leading representatives of the 
Democracy of Newark, and has taken a 
deep interest in political affairs since cast- 
ing his first vote, at Deckertown. in the 
spring of 1874. In 1877 he aided in the or- 
ganization of the Jeffersonian Club, served 
as its president for two terms, and is now a 
member of the executive council. He was 
( ine of the organizers of the National Asso- 
ciation of Democratic Clubs, and was 
chosen treasurer at the first convention, 
held in Baltimore, July 4, 1888, while from 
the beginning he has been a member of its 
ex;ecutive committee. He attended the sec- 
ond quadrennial convention of the associa- 
tion at St. Louis in 1896, and in 1897 was 
chosen president of the New Jersey Demo- 
cratic Society. In October. 1896, he was 
unanimously nominated by the Democratic 
county convention for the position of state 
senator, and the enthusiasm with which the 



226 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



action was received by the convention and 
the party in general shows that a more 
popular man could not have been selected, 
and the honor came entirely unsolicited. 
His political record is without a blemish, 
his methods are open and above lioard, and 
his uniform courtesy and fairness have won 
the res]iect of all classes of people.. In 
addition to his other political connections 
he is president of the Ele\-enth Ward 
Democratic Association, and in 1897 was 
A'ice-president and chairman of the commit- 
tee on speakers of the Essex county 
Democratic committee. 

Socially Judge Lambert is a valued mem- 
ber of several organizations, including the 
Joel Parker Association, the Knights of 
Honor, the Royal Arcanum, the Independ- 
ent Order of Heptasoplis, the Roseville 
Athletic Association and the Masonic fra- 
ternity, in the last of which he has taken 
the thirty-second degree and is a Noble of 
Mecca Temple, Mystic Shrine. 

He was married in 1886 to Miss Ida F. 
Peck, and they have two children, — Ethel 
May and Howard W. They enjoy the hos- 
pitalit}' of Newark's best homes, and their 
own hr)me is the center of a cultured so- 
ciet\" circle. 



J. M. SHEPARDSON. 

Classed with the representative business 
men of South Orange, New Jersey, is found 
the gentleman whose name forms the head- 
ing of this sketch — J. M. Shepardson. 

Mr. Shepardson is of Scotch descent, antl 
comes of a family long resident in New Eng- 
land. He was born in Woonsocket, Rhode 
Island, October 26, 1836. His father and 
grandfather, both named John Shepardson, 
were natives of Massachusetts and both fol- 



lowed the quiet pursuits of the farm. The 
younger John Shepardson was born in 1807 
and died in 1878, at the age of seventy-one 
years. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Mary Pratt, also was a native of Massachu- 
setts. Of the other children born to them 
besides the subject of this sketch we record 
that Catherine is a native of Massachusetts; 
Mary Jane, wife of George Putman, is a res- 
ident of Greenfield, South Carolina; and 
Ruth, wife of Cyrus White, lives in Massa- 
chusetts. 

J. M. Shepardson was reared to farm 
life. When he was four years of age the 
family home was changed from Rhode 
Island to Massachusetts, and there he grew 
to manhood. In his vouth he learned the 
jewelry business, followed the same for 
some time, and from that drifted into the 
machinist's trade, ^\'hen the war of the Re- 
bellion broke out he was for a time engaged 
in the manufacture of guns at Providence, 
Rhode Island, and after the war he went to 
Boston and engaged in luisiness there. In 
1882 he and his son, Everett B., established 
the business in which they are now occupied 
at South Orange, New Jersey, that of agri- 
cultural implements and bicycles. Besides 
carrying a large stock of both they also 
manufacture all kinds of tools and do bi- 
cycle repairing. In connection with 
this implement business, Mr. Shepardson is 
interested in insurance, being the agent at 
South Orange for the Prudential Insurance 
Companv. 

Mr. Shepardson married Miss Amanda 
Fuller, a native of Massachusetts and a 
daughter of Wilder and Patience (Briggs) 
Fuller, the Fullers belonging to one of the 
primitive families of the Old Bay state. To 
this worthy couple two children were born, 
namely, Everett B. and Frederick. Everett 



ES^EX COUXTY 



227 



B. married Miss Laura Courter, daughter 
of Theodore Courter, a native of Morris 
county, New Jersey, and a member of one 
of the first New Jersey famihes. Two chil- 
dren, Raymond and Harold, have been born 
to them. Frederick Shepardson wedded 
Miss Mary Doremus, a native of Morris 
county. New Jersey, daughter of John Do- 
remus, who likewise was a representative 
of one of the first families that settled in 
New Jersey. 

Socially, Mr. Shepardson is an Odd Fel- 
low. His membership in this organization 
is with Lodge No. 4, Providence, Rhode 
Island, and he is also identified with the en- 
campment. Politically, he is a Republican. 



CHARLES F. UNDERHILL, 

warden of the Essex county prison, was 
born in Concord, New Hampshire, on the 
1 2th of June, 1842, and is a son of Charles 
^\'. and Susan Eastman (Kimball) Under- 
bill, both of whom were natives of New 
Hampshire. In 1847 the parents removed 
to Woonsocket Falls, Rhode Island, in 
which place they resided for about five 
years, the father carrying on the harness- 
making and carriage-trimming business. 
While there he took an active part in the 
"Dorr war," being an ardent follower of the 
leader of the movement, and as the result 
of his active interests in this struggle his 
business was broken up and he was forced 
to leave the state. He then removed to 
Millville, Massachusetts, just over the 
Rhode Island line, but subsequently re- 
turned to the latter state. However, he 
again went to Millville and two years later 
again took up his residence in Concord. 
Although his age exempted him from ser- 
vice in the civil war, he enlisted in the 



Union army and was with Grant at the 
siege of Vicksburg, and subsecpiently par- 
ticipated in the battle of the Wilderness, in 
which he was seriously wounded. He was 
carried from the field and sent to Norfolk, 
Virginia, and thence to New York city, 
where he remained in the hospital for some 
time. After the war he returned to Con- 
cord, where his death occurred, at an ad- 
vanced age. His wife also spent her last 
days in that city. 

Charles F. Underbill spent the days of 
his boyhood and youth in New Hampshire, 
Rhode Island, and Massachusetts, and hav- 
ing accpiired a good common-school educa- 
tion h° learned the business of manufactur- 
ing woolen goods, and in 1866 came to 
Franklin, New Jersey, to take charge of the 
woolen mills of B. Underbill & Company. 
A year later he assumed the management of 
the Yantico Woolen Mills, owned by the 
firm of Stitt & Underbill, with which house 
he was connected until 1882, when the own- 
ership was changed, the factory becoming 
the property of A. T. Stewart & Company, 
and Air. Underbill continued in charge until 
Mr. Stewart's death. In 1883 he leased 
the Harrison Woolen Mills, which he oper- 
ated until 1885, manufacturing fancy cash- 
mere for a time and then engaging in the 
manufacture of men's woolen under^vear 
imder the name of the Underbill Manufac- 
turing Company, of which he was president 
and manager. In 1888 he withdrew from 
that company and formed a connection 
with the Star Hosiery Mills, owned by Has- 
kell Palling, with which house he remained 
until 1890. In August of that year he went 
to the west, locating in Provo City, Utah, 
where he operated an eight-set woolen 
mill until 1893. Returning then to New- 
ark he has since made this city his home. 



228 



ESSEX COUXTY. 



In March, 1895, Mr. Underbill accepted 
the position of keeper in the Essex prison, 
and on the 8th of Jnly, 1897, was appointed 
warden of the institution, in which capacity 
he is now acceptably serving. He is just, 
careful and discriminating in the discharge 
of his duties, and his efforts have won the 
commendation of those who have the su- 
pervision of the institution. He has filled 
one other public position of trust and re- 
sponsibility, having in 1886-7 been a mem- 
ber of the New Jersey legislature as the 
representative from the first district. 

In 1 861, following the firing upon the 
Sixth Massachusetts Regiment on its way 
through Baltimore, he manifested his loy- 
alty to the government by offering his 
services. He joined a regiment that was 
made up of volunteers, and although ready 
for duty this regiment could not be mus- 
tered into service because of the lack of 
equipments. Owing to this fact Governor 
Andrews was compelled to refuse the ser- 
vices of the regiment. Later, however, he 
enlisted in Company C, Forty-eighth Mas- 
sachusetts, and served for about a year in 
General Meade's division, doing duty most 
of the time at Port Hudson. 

Mr. Underbill was united in marriage to 
Miss Sarah E. Darling, of Millville, A'lassa- 
chusetts, and nine children have been born 
to them, but the eldest son and the fourth 
daughter are now deceased. Socially Mr. 
Underbill is connected with the Masonic 
fraternity, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, the United Friends and the Order 
of Red Men. He has always taken a deep 
interest in the welfare of his adopted city, 
has served for eight years as a member of 
the board of freeholders and was chairman 
of the town committee during the first five 
years after the organization of Franklin 



township. He supports all measures cal- 
culated for the public good, and lends his 
co-operation to all enterprises tending to 
advance the general welfare. His sterling 
worth has won him many friends, and he 
well deserves representation in this volume. 



PATRICIv BOYLE, 

a florist at South Orange, was born in the 
Bluefield region, county Roscommon, Ire- 
land, March 14, 1857, and is a son of John 
and Hannoria (Kennedy) Boyle. The 
father, a son of Patrick Boyle, received a 
common-school education and followed the 
useful occupation of farming throughout 
his life. He died October 24, 1885, at the 
age of seventy-five years, but his wife is 
still living, her home being in county Ros- 
common, Ireland. The family numbers 
thirteen children, all of whom are vet living 
with the exception of Mary Ann, who be- 
came the wife of David McNuIty and died 
about 1887, leaving three children, namely, 
Aggie, John and Joseph. John is now a 
resident of San Francisco, California; 
Michael wedded Mary Kane and resides 
in Orange, Essex county; Peter and Ellen 
make their home in Xew York city; 
Theresa is a resident of East Orange; 
Thomas is living in Dublin, Ireland; Jo- 
seph is living on the old homestead in Ros- 
common county, Ireland; Hanorea, Sabina, 
Katie and Eliza are all with their mother. 

Patrick Boyle is indebted to the public 
schools of his native land for the education 
he acquired. He remained in his parents' 
home until seventeen years of age, at which 
time he went to Birmingham, Warwick- 
shire, England, where he was employed by 
James Timkins, a rose grower and horti- 
culturist, remaining in his service for nine 



ESSEX COUXTY. 



229 



years, during which time he completely 
mastered the business. On the expiration 
of that period he made up his mind to come 
to America and carried out this resolution 
by his embarkation on a westward bound 
steamer, March 25. 1881. On the 4th of 
April he landed at New York, and thence 
came to East Orange, where he entered 
the employ of Richard Purdue. He was 
afterward employed by Thomas Lyons, 
with whom he remained one year, and for 
nine years was in the service of Henry 
Graves. That ended his labors for others, 
for on the expiration of that period he em- 
barked in business on his own account. 
He purchased land at the corner of Aloun- 
tain House road and Clark street. South 
Orange, made extensi\-e improvements 
upon the place, erected a commodious and 
handsome residence, and built large green- 
houses on the latest improved plan. He 
is extensively engaged in the cultivation of 
all kinds of flowers, but makes a specialty 
of roses, and his rose gardens are the won- 
der and admiration of all lovers of this 
"cpieen of the garden." His thorough 
understanding of the business and his love 
for the calling have made him very success- 
ful in the cultivation of flowers, and his 
good management and honorable dealing 
ha\'e secured him excellent financial returns 
for his labors. 

Mr. Boyle was married in Orange at the 
church of Our Lady of the Valley, October 
29, 1884, to Bridget Fox, a daughter of 
Martin and Helen (Xerttig) Fox, both na- 
tives of county Roscommon, Ireland. Five 
children have been born of this union : 
Theresa, born October 17, 1886; Peter, 
born September 18, 1888; Mary, May 26, 
1889; Patrick, who was born March 9, 
1891, and died January 14. 1895; and 



Anna, born November 29, 1896. The fam- 
ily are communicants of the church of Our 
Lady of the Valley. Mr. Boyle is a worthy 
and highly respected citizen and a leading 
business man. The elements of honorable 
success have characterized his business ca- 
reer, and energy and perseverance and am- 
bition have enabled him to triumph over 
all obstacles in his path and work his way 
steadily upward. 



NELSON SMITH, 

who was born in Livingston township, Es- 
sex county. New Jersey, on the 9th of 
April, 1820, is a son of Allen Smith, a na- 
tive of the same place, whose birth took 
place some time in the latter part of the 
eighteenth century, his death occurring at 
the venerable age of eighty-four years. His 
father, LViah Smith, was probably also a 
native of this county. 

Allen Smith, the father of our subject, 
was a carpenter by trade, and he married 
Miss Susan Beach, a daughter of Aaron 
Beach, a representative of one of the old 
families of the county. The maiden 
name of Mrs. Beach was Burnett, 
and she was likewise a nati\-e of this 
county. To Allen Smith and his wife 
were born the following children : Mary, 
who died when sixteen years old; Betsy 
became the wife of William B. Winans, 
of Livingston township; Nelson, our 
subject; Charlotte, who married Benjamin 
Whitney and died at about forty years of 
age; Catherine; Susan, who married Luis 
Rathburn; Phebe Ann became the wife of 
Amos Rathburn, of Madison; and Mar- 
garet. Mrs. Smith died a short time prior 
to her husband, aged about sixty-five years. 

Nelson Smith spent his early years on 



230 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



the farm, assisting in the work thereof and 
later learning the carpenter's trade from 
his father, following that vocation for over 
half a century. When he first entered upon 
this line of enterprise he secured his timber 
from the forests, hewed the logs and built 
a house, manufacturing his own sash, doors 
and blinds, and since then he has continued 
with merited success, confining his labors to 
his resident countv, where he has acquired 
an enviable reputation as a man of enter- 
prise and ability- 

On the 22d of December, 1S4J, Mr. 
Smith was united in marriage to Miss Ma- 
linda Courter, a native of Livingston and a 
daughter of Joseph and Sally (Johnson) 
Courter, both of whom were also born in 
this county. By this union the following 
named children were born : Laura, the wife 
of Bern Dickinson; Joseph, of Elizabeth; 
Lambert; Emma became the wife of j\L A. 
Budd, of Morris county; and William, at 
home. 

Li politics Mr. Smith was formerly an 
old-line Whig, later becoming a Repuli- 
lican, and for several years he served as 
township conuiiitteeman. He is an ad- 
herent of the Hanover Presbyterian church, 
in which he is a trustee. Mrs. Smith de- 
parted this life on the loth of February, 
1897, at the venerable age of seventy-four 
years. 



JOSIAH FLETCHER, 

deceased, who made his home in Orange, 
was one of the distinguished lawyers at the 
bar of New York. Naturally the brightest 
minds in the profession assembled in the 
metropolis of the nation. To gain a posi- 
tion of eminence among such indicated the 
possession of strong mentality, marked in- 



dividuality antl superior legal powers on 
the part of Mr. Fletcher. 

He was born in Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts, in 1839, and his death occurred on 
the 8th of January, 1887. His father, 
Richard Frederick Fletcher, was a great- 
grandson of one of the name who founded 
Ludlow, Vermont, in early colonial days 
and was a direct descendant of Josiah 
Fletcher, who came from England on the 
second trip of the Mayflower and was 
among the first settlers of Plymouth, ]\Ias- 
sachusetts. Josiah Fletcher, whose name 
forms the caption of this memoir, acquired 
his early education in Phillips Academy, in 
Andover, Massachusetts, afterward attend- 
ed a Jesuit college in Canada, and was 
a graduate of Dartmouth College. Having 
determined to engage in the practice of law 
as a life work, he entered the law depart- 
ment of Harvard L'ni\'ersit_\- and became a 
graduate of that institution. He first prac- 
ticed in the office of Judge Richard Fletch- 
er, his uncle, who was judge of the supreme 
court of Massachusetts, and later went to 
Europe on account of his health. While 
abroad he was united in marriage to Miss 
Bertha Charles, a native of Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, a daughter of John Charles and 
a granddaughter of Captain John Cav- 
anaugh, of the British ariuy. Her early life 
was largely passed in Europe, where she 
was educated. 

On returning to his native land Air. 
Fletcher resumed the practice of law in New 
York in the office of Edwin James, a re- 
nowned criminal law}-er of that city, who 
previous to lea^■ing England was (|ueen's 
counsel, and on coming to Newark chose 
criminal law as his specialty. He subse- 
quently practiced alone, having his ol'tice 
in the Triltune building. He was remark- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



231 



able among lawyers for his wide research 
and the provident care that he gave to the 
preparation of his cases. He attained high 
distinction in civil law. wliich embraces the 
most difficult and invoh-ed problems of 
jurisprudence, and was engaged by a syndi- 
cate of mine-owners to go to Mexico as 
their counsel. In that capacity he re- 
mained in the land of Montezuma for two 
years, and in 1883 returned to his home. 
He had a distinctively representative 
clientele, and the volume of his business as- 
sumed extensive proportions. His wide 
legal learning, his logical arguments, his 
thorough mastery of the principles of the 
law and the cause in litigation gained him a 
prestige which was indeed enviable. 

In 1876 Mr. Fletcher removed to Orange 
and three years later purchased the property 
which is now occupied by Mrs. Fletcher. 
He greatly improved and beautified this, 
making it one of the most attractive 
and valuable residences in this local- 
ity. The home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Fletcher was blessed with two chil- 
dren. Lilian Maud is the wife of George B. 
\Vason, of Boston. Massachusetts. She is 
a Daughter of the Revolution and served as 
secretary of the society. Ethel Bertha is 
the wife of Winthrop Lincoln Mead, of 
South Orange. Mr. Fletcher was a mem- 
ber of the New England Society of Orange 
and attended the services of the Episcopal 
church. A man of marked courtesy, of 
pleasing personality and attractive manner, 
he had many friends in the business antl 
social world. Mrs. Fletcher still makes 
her home in Orange. She is a lady of 
culture and refinement and a leader in so- 
ciety circles there. 

Josiah Fletcher, an ancestor of the sub- 
ject of this memoir, was among the first 



who took up arms against the British in 
the war of the Revolution. He remained 
in acti\'e service to the end of that struggle, 
and was adjutant general on General Wash- 
ington's staff during the Rhode Island cam- 
paign. Mr. Fletcher's aunt, Grace Fletch- 
er, was Daniel Webster's first wife, and her 
son, Fletcher Webster, was a colonel in 
the civil war. 



ABRAM LUTHER JACOBUS, 

one of the ])rosperous farmers of Essex 
county, was born in New York city on the 
nth of September, 1829, and is a son of 
Adrian and Nancy (Mead) Jacobus, natives 
of New Jersey, the former of whom was 
born in Whitehall. ^Morris county. His 
first American ancestors were natives of 
Holland, who came to America, probably 
two hundred years ago, and settled in this 
state. Adrian Jacobus, father of our sub- 
ject, was reared on a farm, subsequently 
going to New York, where he learned the 
carpenter's trade. follo\\ing the same dur- 
ing the remainder of his life, his tleath oc- 
curring in 1832. Both he and his wife were 
members of the Dutch Reformed church. 
Thev reared three children, namely: Ame- 
lia, who married a Mr. Hopper; Abram L. ; 
and Elizabeth, who became the wife of John 
Berdan, of Paterson, New Jersey. Mrs. 
Jacobus eventually married William S. 
Hogancamp, and of the six children born 
to them five survive: William, Jane, Fan- 
nie, Mary and Helen. Mrs. Hogancamp 
departed this life in 1879, aged seventy-one 
years. 

Abram L. Jacobus passed his youth upon 
the old homestead, acquiring his education 
in New York city and in the district schools, 
and upon attaining his majority he went to 



e;^8EX vouxty. 



New York and engaged as a clerk in a 
store for tlnxe years. In 1853 he went to 
California by way of the isthmus of Panama, 
the journey occupying thirty-one days, and 
there embarked in the dairy business, con- 
tinuing in the same for two years, when he 
returned to New Jersey and took up his 
residence on his ]:>resent farm, which com- 
prises one hundred and sixty acres of highly 
cultivated land. 

Politically Mr. Jacobus is a stanch Dem- 
ocrat, rendering a loyal support tc) that 
partv, and he has served as judge of elec- 
tion for several years. In their religious 
faith he and his wife and children are con- 
sistent adherents of the Alethodist Episco- 
pal church. 

In No\'ember. 1856, ]Mr. Jacobus was 
imited in marriage to Miss Eliza Van Blar- 
com. a daughter of Jacob and Hulda \'an 
Blarcom, of New York city. Eight chil- 
dren have been born to them, four of whom 
survive, as follows: Amelia: Mary, who is 
the wife of Harvey H. Naylor, of Chatham; 
Ella and Frederick. Mr. Jacobus is an in- 
dustrious, progressive agriculturist, and he 
and his family are among the most respect- 
ed and influential residents of the commu- 
nity. 



PHILEMON LYMAN HOADLEY, 

secretary of the agency department of the 
American Insurance Company, of Newark, 
was born in Collinsville, New York. De- 
cember 6, 1845, and is a representative of 
a distinguished old American familv that 
has furnished a number of prominent char- 
acters to the history of the nation. Gov- 
ernor George Hoadley, of Ohio, belongs to 
this family. The original American ances- 
tor was \\ illiam Hoadlev, who was born 



in lingland about 1630 and became a resi- 
dent of Saybrook, Connecticut, about 1663. 
Three vears later he removed to Branford 
and purchased the homestead of Rev. 
Abraham Pierson, who afterward became 
the first I'resbyterian minister of Newark. 
His son, Samuel Hoadley, was the father 
of a second Sanuiel. whose son, Jacob 
Hoadley, was the great-grandfather of our 
subject. The grandfather, Philemon Hoad- 
lev, was l)orn in Branford. Connecticut, in 
1755, served as one of the heroes of tlie 
Colonial army in the war of the Revolu- 
tion, and died in Collinsville. New York, 
in 181 1. His son, Lyman Hoadley, the 
father of our subject, was born in Westtield, 
Massachusetts, in 1781, and died in Collins- 
ville. New York, in 1861. He manifested 
his lovalty to his country by service in tlie 
war of 18 1 2. He married Charlotte Eliza 
Cowles, who was born in Durham, Green 
county, New York, in 18 12, and died in 
Newark, in 1893. They had two sons, 
Philemon I... of this review: and Rev. 
James H. Hoadley. D. D., a prominent 
Presbyterian divine of New York city. 

Philemon L. Hoadley acquired an 
academic education and was graduated in 
1862 in the Whitestown Seminary, of 
Whitestown, New York. He entered upon 
his business career as a clerk in a bank in 
Camden, New York, and in 1868 conduct- 
ed a local insurance agency there. In 1869 
he removed to New Jersey, having accept- 
ed a position as special agent of the Han- 
over Fire Insurance Company, of New 
York, for New Jersey and eastern New 
York, acceptably filling that and other po- 
sitions with the Hanover until Decem- 
ber, 1874, wdien he assumed his present po- 
sition as secretary of the agency depart- 
ment of the American Insiu'ance Company 



THE 
// NEW YORt^ 
If PUBLIC LiaRARVi 

^ Aslor, Lenox snd niden 
foundations. 



/v'.S.s'LW VOLWTY 



233 



of Newark. Air. Hoadlex' is a man of keen 
sagacity and discrimination, of excellent 
executive and business ability, and is there- 
fore peculiarly well f|ualified for the duties 
of his office. Not a little of the success of 
the American has resulted from his able 
management and his fulclity to all the in- 
terests committed to his care. 

In 1870 Mr. Hoadley took up his resi- 
dence in Roseville avenue, Newark, and the 
following year erected his pretty and com- 
fortable residence. He married Mary Olm- 
stead, of Camden, New York, and to them 
were born four children. Mrs. Hoadley has 
made her home noteworthy for its gener- 
ous hospitality and the family have a large 
circle of friends. Mr. Hoadlev takes a deep 
interest in e\'erything pertaining to the up- 
building and advancement of the city and 
lends a hearty support to all movements 
calculated to promote its welfare. He is a 
prominent member of the Presbyterian 
church, a member of the Sons of the Amer- 
ican Revolution and of the New Jersey 
Historical Society. A man of broad gen- 
eral culture, interested in evervthing that 
tends to promote the literary taste of the 
community, genial and pleasant in manner, 
he is popular with all classes. 



JOHN C. LA FAUCHERIE. 

a prosperous and well known builder and 
contractor of Belleville, Esse.x county, was 
born in Trenton, New Jersey, on Hie .27th 
of May, 1847, his parents being John 1!. 
and Cornelia (Costner) La Faucherie. 

John B. La Faucherie was a native of 
France, his birth taking place in Bordeaux 
on the 9th of June, 1784, and when about 
nineteen years old he left France in com- 
pany with his mother and went to the West 



Indies, where they engaged in the importa- 
tion of sugar and molasses, Mrs. La Fauch- 
erie continuing her residence in that coun- 
try until her death. The son came to the 
United States and first located at Borden- 
town, where he established a stage line be- 
tween that city and Burlington, Init subse- 
quently moved to Trenton and purchased 
a tract of land which now forms a part of 
the citv, and thereon built extensive stables 
and formed what was known as the Union 
Line, its route being from New- Brunswick 
to Trenton and thence across the Delaware 
to Bristol, conducting the same imtil the 
introduction of steam power. 

In ]Mlitics Mr. La Faucherie was an en- 
thusiastic Democrat, and socially he was a 
member of Trenton Lodge, No. 5, Free 
and Accepted Masons. Upon the celebra- 
tion of LaFayette day in New Jersey he was 
appointed marshal of the day, and, as he 
was about five feet ten and a half inches in 
height, weighing one hundred and seventy- 
five pounds, and erect in carriage, lie made 
a very gallant appearance in his uniform. 

Bv his first marriage he became the 
father of two children: Rostein F., a hard- 
ware merchant of Trenton, now deceased; 
and Annie, also deceased, who became the 
wife of James L. Robinson, of Trenton. 
LTpon the occasion of his second marriage 
Mr. La Faucherie was united with Miss 
Cornelia Costner, of Trenton, a daughter of 
\\'illiani Costner. and they reared three 
children, all of whom survive, namely: 
Fannie, the wife of John Zenker, of Tren- 
ton: Rostein F.. in the employ of the Roeb- 
ling & Son Manufacturing Company: and 
John C. the subject of this review. 

John C. La Faucherie passed his boy- 
hood in attending the public schools of 
Trenton until he was fourteen years old, 



'-34 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



when he was appointed i-iage to Go\'ernor 
Joel Parker at his first election, remaining 
in that capacity for a }'ear and a half, and 
then, at the age of sixteen, he enlisted as a 
drummer l>ov in the First New Jersey 
A'olunteers, and nine months later he was 
discharged for disability. Rettu'ning to 
Trenton, he re-enlisted, in the Thirty- 
seventh Regiment, as a iirivate under Col- 
onel E. Bird Gruhl). serving his full time 
and participating in the second battle of 
Fredericksburg, his regiment being in front 
of the city seven weeks, during which time 
it lost one hundred and sixty men killed. 
Mr. La Faucherie was wounded during this 
battle and was honorably discharged, but 
enlisted once more, this time in the Thirtv- 
eighth New Jersey Volunteers, under com- 
mand of Colonel William J. Sewall. which 
performed garrison duty at Crows' Nest 
Battery and took part in a few skirmishes, 
until the clo.se of the war. about tliree 
months later. 

Returning to Trenton, ^Ir. La Fauclierie 
learned the mason's trade and continued in 
tlie same for three years, when he began 
contracting and building. He took an 
active part in politics, as a Democrat : was 
elected assessor of the Third ward, was on 
tlie police force for three years, and in 1876 
was appointed liy the Centennial connnittee 
as a police officer at the exposition for one 
year. In the s]5ring of 1877 he moved to 
\\'arren county, resided there a number of 
years and then came to Belleville, Essex 
county, where he continued as a contractor 
and builder. He still takes an active inter- 
est in politics; is secretary of the executive 
conmn'ttee. commissioner, notary ]Hiblic 
and justice of the peace, and is prominently 
identified with the^ Belleville Building & 
Loan Association and is one of Ik'llex'ille's 



foremost citizens. In 1888. while living in 
\Varren county, he was assessor of Inde- 
pendence township and was chairman of the 
Democratic county committee. 

Mr. La Faucherie was united in marriage 
with ]\Iiss Susie \\\ Hall, of Trenton, in 
June, 1868, and they became the parents 
of the following three children: Hattie, 
born in 1869, married Jesse Ayers, of War- 
ren county, and she died in 1893, leaving 
one child, Leonore, wlio is with her grand- 
parents in Belleville; Hamilton Jay, born 
Novemlier 29, 1870. is associated with his 
father in l)usiness; he mafried Miss Katie 
Ouinn, and they have an infant child; Susie, 
born on the 17th of February, 1886, is re- 
siding at home. 

Touching upon the social side of Mr. La 
Faucherie's life, we may state that he is the 
commander of the \'eteran Association of 
the (irand Army of the Republic in Belle- 
ville township; he is a trustee of Belleville 
Lodge, No. 108, Free and Accepted 
^Masons; is a charter member of North End 
Lodge, No. 22"/, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows; is afiiliated with Belleville Lodge, 
Knights of Honor; and is a charter member 
of Sedgwick Post, No. 18, Grand Army of 
the Republic, at Hackettstown, New Jer- 
sey. 



THE CADMUS FAMILY. 

It is entireh' within the province of true 
history to commemorate and perpetuate the 
lives and characters of those who have lived 
and labored to- goodly ends. The annals 
of New Jersey afford a wealth of historical 
data in connection with old and honored 
families established within her precincts in 
the early colonial epoch. Among one of the 
old families of Essex county is that of Cad- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



235 



mus. The founder of the family name in 
Essex county was Thomas Cadmus, who 
was born in Leyden, Holland, and came to 
America in 1634. A few years later he re- 
ceived a grant of land of six thousand acres, 
a strip running from the Passaic river to 
Eagle Rock. In 1657 he built the stone 
house which is still standing as one of the 



ing, and had the honor on several occasions 
of entertaining General Washington at his 
home. He married Peterchie Cadmus, of 
Bloomfield. 

His son, Thomas Cadmus, Jr., also was 
born in Bloomfield, and married Maria 
Egbert, of Speertown, now Upper Mont- 
clair. Their son, Cornelius Cadmus, was 




THE CADMUS HOMESTEAD. 



landmarks of colonial days. It was remod- 
eled in 1763 by Colonel Thomas Cadmus, 
his grandson, who valiantly defended the 
colonies in the war with Great Britain for 
American independence. He was a schol- 
arly gentleman, well educated, and had an 
excellent pri\ate library; was a man of 
conmianding presence and soldierlv bear- 



born in Bloomfield, in 1805, and had large 
land interests in Essex county. In the lat- 
ter part of his life he removed to Fowler- 
\ille, Michigan, where his death occurred. 
George W. Cadmus, son of Cornelius Cad- 
mus, was born February 22, 1839, and 
served his countr\- in the ci\'il war, as ser- 
geant in Company F, Twenty-sixth New 



236 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Jerse)' Infantry. He married Maria \'an 
Riper, daughter of John Van Riper, of 
Belle\iile. She was Ijorn in Belleville, Sep- 
tember 29, 1839. Both are still living. 



EUGENE L. R. CADMUS, 

son of George W. Cadmus, was l)orn in 
Middletown, Monmouth county, New Jer- 
sey, in 1872, and spent the greater part of 
his youth in Bloomfield. After finishing 
school he was first employed with a fire- 
insurance company, of New York, with 
whom he remained for a period of fi\e 
years. After the death of his brother, Had- 
ley Cadnnis, who had established a feed 
business, he assumed charge of the affairs. 
He afterward entered into partnership 
with Fred J. Ogden, under the firm name 
of Ogden & Cadmus, and they are now the 
recognized leaders in the line of mason's 
materials, coal, wood, and feed, in Bloom- 
field, doing a large and constantly increas- 
ing business. 

In 1897 Mr. Cadmus was married to Miss 
Edith G. Godwin, of Brooklyn, New York. 
Socially, Mr. Cadmus is a member of 
Bloomfield Lodge No. 40, E. & A. M., also 
of the Sons of the American Revolution, 
and was formerly a member of the New 
York Naval Reserve. 



HON. JOHN L. BL.\KE. A. M., 

was born at Boston, Massachusetts, March 
25, 1 83 1, a son of the Rev. John L. Blake, 
D. D., and Mary (Howe) Blake. His 
father was born in North wood, New 
Hampshire, and his mother was a native of 
Killingly, Connecticut. Having acquired a 
classical education, Mr. Blake, after his re- 
moval to Orange, New Jersey, took up the 



study of law and was admitted to the bar 
as an attorney, in June. 1852, and as coun- 
selor in November, 1855. 

Mr. Blake was elected to the general as- 
sembly in 1857, and in 1878 to congress. 
He has also been largel_\' interested in vari- 
ous local aft'airs and for thirty successi\-e 
years served as counsel for the townshi]). 
town and city of Orange. He is a man of 
scholarly attainments an<l broad general 
culture, and Brown University conferred 
upon him the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts. He now maintains his residence in 
Orange, where he has in a great measure 
retired from active practice. 



CHARLES E. WILLIAMS. 

a pharmacist of Orange, is well known in 
the business circles of the town. He was 
born in Binghamton, New York, on tlie 
2d of December, 1858, and is a son of 
Chauncey G. and Emily F. (Ward) Will- 
iams. The Williams family has been prom- 
inently connected with the development 
and progress of Essex county since the 
days of its early settlement, and since the 
Re\'olutionary war has l)een conspicuous 
in civil and social aft'airs in the eastern sec- 
tion of the state. The father of our sub- 
ject resided for some time at Binghamton, 
New York, and then t(.)ok up his resi<lence 
in Orange. 

With his parents, Charles E. Williams 
came to this city, and ha\-ing acquired his 
preliminary education in the common 
schools, when only twelve years of age lie 
became connected with the drug business, 
entering the employ of N. F. Smith, of 
Orange, in whose ser\-ice he remained for 
four years. He next entered the employ 
of R. E. Parsons, also of Orange, and after 



Ehi^sEX vouxry. 



^37 



several years' connection with that gentle- 
man as an employe was admitted to a 
partnership in the business, under the tirm 
name of Parsons & Company. They met 
with gratifying success in the undertaking, 
and this relation was maintained until Mr. 
Williams began business alone at the cor- 
ner of Main street and Essex avenue, where 
he has a well appointed establishment. He 
is a progressive and wide-awake business 
man, and by his careful management and 
well directed efforts has accumulated a 
comfortable competence, which is the just 
and merited reward of his own labor. 

Mr. Williams was married on the 15th 
of April, 1879, to Miss Mary Isabel Ober, 
a daughter of Michael and Rosalie (Pferr) 
Ober, both of whom were of German line- 
age. This union has been graced with four 
children, namely: Authur Ward, who is 
now assisting his father in the drug store; 
Emily Rosalie, Mary Catharine and Charles 
Chauncew The family attend the Ej^is- 
copal church of Orange, and Mr. Williams 
is a memlier of Union Lodge No. 1 1 , F. 
& A. M., also Plato Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias. In politics he is a Democrat of 
the pure Jeffersonian type. 



ISAAC NEWTON TRAVIS. 

The efficient superintendent of the 
Orange water works, Isaac Newton Travis, 
was born in Stockport, Cheshire, England, 
on the 28th of January, 184^1, and is a son of 
Thomas and Ann (Nadin) Tra\-is. His ma- 
ternal grandparents were John and Mary 
Nadin, also natives of England: and the 
paternal grandfather was James Travis, a 
hatter l.)y trade, who resided in Cheshire, 
England, and married Miss Sarah Kelsal, 
by whom he had three children, viz.: James, 



who married and liecame the father of six 
children; Thomas, the father of our subject; 
and Nannie, who married William Hyde 
and has five children, the oldest of whom, 
William Hyde, Jr., is principal of a boys* 
boarding school near Stockport. England. 

The second of that family, Thomas 
Tra\-is. acquired his education in the com-^ 
mon schools and then learned the hatter's 
trade, after which he worked as a journey- 
man for several years. Subsecjuently he en- 
gaged in the manufacture of hats on his 
own account, carrying on an extensive en- 
terprise, in addition to which he was also 
engaged in merchandizing, owning a store 
in Stockport and another in Preston, Lan- 
cashire, England. By energy and persever- 
ance he built up an extensive trade, and his 
honorable business methods won the 
esteem of all with whom he came in con- 
tact. 

In 1854 he crossed the Atlantic to 
America and in Orange Ijegan the manu- 
facture of hats. Removing subsec|uentl_\' to 
Philadelphia, he made his home there for 
the ensuing twelve years. On the expira- 
tion of that period he went to Caldwell 
county, Texas, but at length took up his 
abode in Cherokee county, in the Lone 
Star state, where he died, at the venerable 
age of seventy years. His wife departed 
this life on the ist of IMay, 1873, at the age 
of iifty-four years. They were both devout 
Christians and possessed the warm regard 
of a large number of friends. 

Tiiey hail five children, namely: Henry 
N., who was for three years a student in 
Oberlin College, Ohio, married Miss 
Amanda Foust, formerly a school teacher 
of Philadelphia: they reside in that citv 
where for some time Henry Travis and our 
subject have been extensively engaged in 



238 



ESSEX COISTY. 



the manufacture of hats, and tlic former 
still conducts the enterprise, under the 
name of Tra\'is Brothers: Isaac Newton is 
the second of the family; (ieortje died at 
the age of twenty-two years, while attend- 
ing college at Oberlin, Ohio; James, who 
married Isabella Massey, resides in Lus 
Angeles, California, where he is superin- 
tendent of the hat tlepartment of the Peo- 
ple's Store; Mary resides with her hrolier 
Henry in Philadelphia, and is the youngest 
of the children. 

Isaac Newton Travis l:egan his education 
in the schools of his native England and 
continued his studies in the public schools 
of Newark after his emigration to the 
United States, at the age of eight years. 
In early life he learned the hatter's trade, 
and after completing his apprenticeship 
worked as a journeyman in (Jrange and 
Philadelphia. In 187-', in connection with 
his brother Henry, he began business on his 
ow'n account, under the name of Travis 
Brothers, opening a hat store on North 
Eighth street, in Philadel]:)hia, at the same 
time successfully conducting estaljlish- 
ments on North Ninth street and Ridge 
avenue in that city. 

In 1879, on account of impaired health, 
he went to Texas and engaged in the culti- 
vation of cotton until 1881, when he re- 
turned to Orange and secured employment 
with the engineering corps in the construc- 
tion of the Orange water-works. He dis- 
played such ability and application in the 
discharge of his duties that he has lieen 
promoted from time to time, and in 1894 
was appointed 1)\' the city council superin- 
tendent of the Orange water-works, in 
which capacity he has since served with 
marked fidelity and trustworthiness. 

On the 1st of Octolier, 1872, Mr. Travis 



was united in marriage with Miss Susan 
.\nn Collinson, a daughter of ^\'illiam 
Langlev and Elizalieth (Dumpher) Collin- 



son, nati\es of Oxford, Englam 



Her 



father was a son of Matthew Collinson, a 
nati\e of Oxford and a trumpet major in 
the British army. He has three sisters liv- 
ing. One, Mrs. Franklin, is conducting a 
hotel in Oxford. Her son, Thomas Frank- 
lin, was editor of the Oxford Journal. An- 
other sister is Mrs. Timothy Heath, of 
Cleveland, whose husliand was formerly 
superintendent of the gas works in Cleve- 
land, and a highly respected citizen. Her 
son now carries on the business in his 
father's place. Mrs. Heath's daughter, 
Lill}-, married ^^'illiam Jenkins, who was 
princi])al and chaplain of the Deaf Mute 
Institute at Hartford, Connecticut, and 
who died in the spring of i89ri, leaving his 
widow with four children. The third sister 
is Mrs. Mary Lee, of Toronto, Ohio, who 
had two sons — Joseph and Richard — who 
fought in the war of the Rebellion, in which 
the latter was killed. Matthew Collinson, 
the grandfather of Mrs. Travis, married 
Sarah Watts, whose brother, William 
^^'atts, went with Captain Cook on his ex- 
pedition around the world. William Collin- 
son, the father of Mrs, Tra\-is, was a shoe- 
maker by trade. He married ]\Irs. Elizabeth 
Dem])ster, widow of William Dempster, 
by whom she had one son, \\'illiam, 
who was in the naval service of the 
Union during the war of the Reliellion. 
Mrs. Collinson was a daughter of Charles 
and Sarah (Hazlitt) Dumpher, the latter a 
daughter of Squire Hazlitt, whose wife 
bore the maiden name of Howard. Her 
uncle, Charles Hazlitt, was a prominent 
Unitarian minister and the father of Will- 
iam Hazlitt, the well known literar\' critic. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



239 



Sarah Hazlitt attended a Ijoarding school 
on the Isle of Wight and there became 
acquainted with Charles Dunipher, to 
whom she ga\e her hand in marriage. He 
was a son of a market gardener who was 
extensively engaged in raising vegetables 
and small fruits. Charles Dumpher re- 
moved with his wife to the old town of 
Winchester, where he served for thirty- 
years in the position of postman. Their 
children were Charles, who was the pro- 
prietor of a bakery, which is now conduct- 
ed b}- his son at the same place where 
he carried on business; George, who en- 
gaged in the manufacture of cut glass for 
many years; Sarah, an exceptionally de- 
vout Christian and greatly Ijeloved liy all 
who knew her; ]\Iary, who became the wife 
of Charles Adams and removed to London; 
and Elizabeth, mother of Mrs. Travis. Mr. 
and Mrs. Collinson came to America about 
the year 1851, accompanied by their tliree 
children — Mary, Susan and Joshua, and l)y 
his two children of a former marriage, — 
Helen and Jesse R. H. The latter married 
Ann Higgins, daughter of Robert P. Hig- 
gins, owner of extensive farm lands in West 
Orange, and with his wife and four chil- 
dren removed to Detroit, Michigan. There, 
during the early part of the civil war, he 
entered Company B, Twenty-fourth Regi- 
ment of Michigan Infantry, of the "Iron" 
brigade, under the command of Lieutenant 
Colonel Albert M. Edwards, of Detroit. 
Mr. Collinson was a great favorite of Col- 
onel Edwards, who strongly commended 
him for his great bravery in the many bat- 
tles in which he fought. While on duty 
in the battle of the Wilderness he received 
a severe wound in the head and was taken 
to the Columbian hospital, at Washington. 
As soon as he had suilicientlv recovered to 



shoulder a musket he volunteered to en- 
gage in the battle of Cedar Creek in tlie 
Shenandoah valley, and was shot through 
the knee, from which wound he suffered in 
the hospital for months. As soon as he 
was able he again enlisted and remained 
with his regiment to tiie end of the war. 
Colonel Edwards was a brave, patriotic 
man and greatly honored and Ijeloved Ijy 
all his regiment. In 1891 he wrote to Mr. 
Collinson, telling iiim that he had kept 
track of all his men since the war. At that 
time he said there were twenty-four living. 
Mr. Collinson died January 28, 1897. 

Helen, daughter of William and Eliz- 
abeth Collinson. married Robert Howe, 
and removed to Bethel, Maine. Mary, the 
eldest child, became the wife of Steven 
W.Herdman, and their children are Horace 
P., Susie E. and Joseph W, The first named 
completed his education in Miller's Busi- 
ness College, in Newark, and was then em- 
plo}-ed as bookkeeper by the building firm 
of Cook & Berryman until his death, in 
July, 1890, when he had attained the age of 
twenty-six years. He left a widow, whom 
he had wedded only six months previously 
and who bore the maiden name of Florence 
Fairchild. Susie Herdman. the second of 
that family, was graduated in the Orange 
high school and completed her education 
in the State Normal School, in Trenton. 
She was a teacher in the Franklin public 
schools, of East Orange, New Jersey, for 
ten years, and then married Herbert Bloom- 
field, with whom she removed to Walton 
Mills, Suffolk, England. In 1897 she re- 
moved to Cape Town, South Africa, where 
she is now living. Joseph W. Herdman, 
the third child, completed his education in 
the Franklin pulilic school and is now en- 
gaged in the plumbing business. 



240 



AXS'A'A' col \TY. 



Air. and Mrs. Travis hatl fe)ur chiMren. 
Isaac Newton, Jr.. was born in I'liiladel- 
phia, Jnly 29, 1873, and after accompany- 
ing his parents on their trip to Texas re- 
turned with thein to Orange in 1881. He 
was graduated in the grammar schools of 
West Orange, and at an early age dis- 
played unusual ability and zeal in the study 
of natural sciences. es])ecially natural his- 
tory. Without the advantages afforded by a 
collegiate education, he began the study of 
ornithology, and subsequently became an 
expert taxidennist, pursuing that profes- 
sion with remarkalile success. Being a 
sportsman, he made frequent trips into the 
country, where with his dog and gun he 
secured many specimens. Pie was also an 
expert in the use of the camera and became 
a member of the Orange Camera Club. He 
soon found a broad field for his labor, 
being employed as taxidermist in the Amer- 
ican Museum of Natural History, in Cen- 
tral Park, New York, where his superior 
workmanship soon won him high honors. 
He was appointed to represent the Museum 
of Natural History, as naturalist and taxi- 
dermist, on the Dr. Cook-Peary relief ex- 
pedition to the Arctic regions. The expedi- 
tion sailed with the steamshij) Miranda, 
July 7, 1894, and were shipwrecked off the 
coast of Greenland, losing everything and 
barely escaping with their lives. They 
were rescued by Captain Dixon, of the 
fishing schooner Rigel. 

After returning home Air. Travis con- 
tinued with the Museum of Natural His- 
tory until Deceml)er, 1895, when he ac- 
cepted the position of superintendent of the 
ornithological department of the Field 
Columbian Museum. Chicago, where he re- 
mained ten months, when he resigned and 
resumed his former jjosition in the Museimi 



of Natural History, Central Park, New 
York, which position he held at the time of 
his death, August 28, 1897. It is seldom 
that a man so young becomes so noted as a 
specialist, but Mr. Travis took rank among 
the most prominent in his line in the en- 
tire country, and his death proved a great 
loss to the scientific world as well as to his 
family and friends. 

Annie Nadin, the second of the family, 
was graduated at the East Orange high 
school and is now a student in the State 
Normal School, Trenton. 

George Thomas is a graduate 01 the New 
Jersey Business College, Newark. For 
five years he was employed in the mirror 
department of the Xan Horn Grififin Glass 
House, of New York, as shipping clerk, 
paymaster and assistant manager. He is 
now proprietor of a prosperous bicvcle 
store in Orange. Mary Marcella, the 
youngest, is a graduate of the East Orange 
high school. 

Mr. Travis' family attend the Grace 
Episcopal church. Socially. Mr. Travis is 
connected with Corinthian Lodge No. 57, 
A. F. & A. M., and is also a popular mem- 
l.)er of Garfield Lodge No. 2775. Knights 
of Honor, of Orange, and of the Orange 
Conclave No. 475, Improved Order of 
Heptasophs. 



ISAAC PRESTON BALDWIN, 

who represented one of the oldest families 
of the county, was born at the homestead 
on Scotland street. Orange, June 17, 1821, 
and descended from sturdy ancestry noted 
for longevity. Jonathan Baldwin removed 
from Branford. Connecticut, to Newark, 
New Jersey, in 1668. and settled at the foot 
of the mountain, in which localitv the town 




m^ 



^Y»<M^:^S^^:, 




ISAAC PRESTON BALDWIN. 




/;' NEW YOBK 
'public LIBRARV 




ESSEX COUNTY. 



241 



of Orange was afterward Iniilded. Since 
that year the representatives of this family 
have ah 1)een born in Orange, a record 
that can hardly be paralleled in the history 
of another family of the community, and 
their historv is also remarkable for the 
longevity of those who bear the name of 
Bakhvin, very few having passed away be- 
fore the age of eighty years, while many 
have been nonagenarians. Caleb Baldwin, 
who resides in Orchard street, Newark, is 
now in his ninety-ninth year. The parents 
of our subject were Isaac and Nancy Bald- 
win. 

When Mr. Baldwin of this review reached 
the age of twelve years his school life 
was ccjmpleted, for his father at that time 
secured him employment in the store and 
shoe factorv of Ichabod Condit, who car- 
ried on business on Mount Pleasant ave- 
nue, at the foot of the mountain. The 
young employe was mostly engaged in 
packing shoes and became quite expert in 
that line of work. In 1838 he was appren- 
ticed to Henry Stryker. under whose direc- 
tion he learned the trade of a hatter, and 
when his term was completed he had ac- 
cpiired a thorough knowledge of the busi- 
ness, from the bowing of the fur to the 
finishing, trimming and packing. While al- 
ways faithful to his duties, Mr. Baldwin 
found time for a great deal of boyish en- 
joyment, and in later years took great de- 
light in relating many of the pranks and 
practical jokes that were perpetrated in that 
vicinity by himself and companions. The 
Stryker shops stood on the northwest cor- 
ner of Main and Center streets, with the 
Condit shops on the opposite side of the 
street. 

In the year 1848 ]Mr. Baldwin became 
the proprietor of the Park House, then the 

ii— IG 



principal hotel in the (granges, but after 
one year abandoned that enterprise to en- 
ter the employ of the Golden Rule, a publi- 
cation of that day. Later he became con- 
nected with the United States Express 
Company, and in 1833. in partnership with 
Jonathan and .Vlexander McChesney, 
imder the firm name of McChesney & Bald- 
win, he Ijegan the manufacture of hats in 
the shops that stood on Main street just op- 
posite the west end of Military Common. 
In this undertaking he was prosperous; he 
was a progressive man, ready to turn all im- 
provements to advantage. It was while 
here that he introduced the first labor- 
saving machine used among the hat-manu- 
facturers of this section of the country. 
This was a sewing-machine, the first of any 
kind ever brought to Orange. 

The firm' of McChesney & Baldwin con- 
timied until 1857, when Mr. Baldwin with- 
drew and embarked in business on his own 
account. 

Soon afterward he was appointed post- 
master of Orange by President Buchanan, 
and distributed the mails from a little office 
that occupied a part of the drug store of 
Cyrus S. Aliner in the Gerbert building, ad- 
joining the corner of Main and Canfield 
streets, where he remained until 1859, when 
for the first time in its history the postoffice 
was located separate from other busi- 
ness interests. This change was great- 
ly appreciated by the people, as were many 
others introduced by I\Ir. Baldwin, which 
greatlv increased the postal facilities of the 
office. During the period of his incum- 
bency in the postoffice Mr. Baldwin ren- 
dered signal service to the j^eople along the 
entire line of the Morris & Essex Railroad. 
In those days Edward Jackson, of Dover, 
was the only postal clerk on the trains of 



242 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



that line. He made two trips o\'er the 
road each way ihiil}', and it not infre([uently 
occurred that from one cause or another he 
failed to make connection and there would 
be no one to take on, assort and throw off 
the mails. Mr. Baldwin, in these instances, 
would Ijoard the train and perform the 
work, until Jackson's train was met, when 
they would exchange places. The railroad 
company's recognition of this valuable ser- 
vice was a pass over their road given to Mr. 
Baldwin. His connection with the post- 
office ceased in i860. 

Mr. Baldwin served the county as cor- 
oner when that office was one of more im- 
portance than it now is, and twice held a 
commission as justice of the peace. In 
i860 he was census marshal for Orange, 
■which then included wliat is now the city 
of Orange and the tow^nships of East 
Orange, West Orange and a part of South 
Orange. The population, according to his 
enuiueration, w-as eight thousand nine 
hundred and sixty-four. In politics he was 
an unswerving Democrat, and was a recog- 
nized leader of his party. From 1840 until 
i860 no man in Essex county was more 
prominent or better known in the Democ- 
racy than lie. As a memlier of the Orange 
Troop he participated in the great recep- 
tion held in honor of General Kossuth in 
1850. Later, wdien the Orange Brigade 
was organized, he was chosen lieutenant 
colonel of the First Regiment, the other 
officers being Alfred F. Munn, colonel; 
Napoleon Stetson, major: Jeptha B. Linds- 
ley, quartermaster, and Joseph A. Condit, 
adjutant. 

One faculty possessed by Mr. Baldwin 
that added greatly to his local reputation 
was his brilliant memory for events and 
dates, both local and general, and man}' a 



discussion concerning these points was re- 
ferred to him for settlement. Often wagers 
were made to be decided liy him. Some- 
times it occurred that a disputant, having 
been defeated, would insist upon looking 
up documentary evidence. Init when found 
it was invarialilv in accord with his state- 
ments. 

In 1842 Mr. Baldwin was luiited in mar- 
riage to Abby Dean, a daughter of Viner 
Dean, and to them were born eight chil- 
dren, two of whom died in infancy. The 
others are all living, namely: Jane Au- 
gusta, wife of Frank Arnold: Frank Wil- 
fred: Jeptha Harrison: Mary Estelle: Abby 
Caroline, wife of Sylvester Y. L'Homme- 
dieu: and Arien Gertrude, wife of Dr. 
Henrv A. Pulsford. 



NEWARK DAILY ADVERTISER. 

On Thursday, March i, 183J, the first 
number of the Newark Daily Advertiser 
was issued. It was published by George 
Bush & Company, "two doors east of the 
]\Iarket in Market street," at five dollars per 
annum, the editor Ijeing Aiuzi Armstrong, 
a young" lawver of aliilit}'. He was ably 
assisted by the late John P, Jackson. It 
was the first tlaily newspaper published in 
New Jersey, and to this day is familiarly 
known as the Daily. The Advertiser, when 
it started, was a rather bright quarto sheet, 
almost wholl\' given to the discussion of 
party politics. It was an ardent champion 
of the Whig party, and its first issue pro- 
claimed itself for Henry Clay and John 
Sargeant, the Whig candidates in 1832 for 
president and vice-president. Upon the 
completion of the first volume the con- 
ductors of the pajier announced themselves 
satisfied that a dailv paper could and would 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



243 



be maintained in Newark. They confessed 
that the enterprise was not profitable thus 
far, but expressed confidence that it would 
be in time. They trusted "that the im- 
pression wliich had been circulated to their 
injury, that it (the paper) was merely got 
up for temporary purposes during the 
late presidential election, will no longer 
operate to their disadvantage." 

In the first number of the second volume 
Mr. Armstrong withdrew. In his valedic- 
tory he said his connection with the paper 
was "originallv intended to continue only 
for a few weeks." He gently upbraided 
"the liljcral and scientific citizens of the 
town" for not assisting him by contributions 
to the columns of the paper, and hoped 
they would pursue a different course to- 
ward his successor, Mr. William B. Kinney, 
who then became l;>oth editor and pro- 
prietor of the Daily; but the title of George 
S. Bush & Company was retained as pub- 
lishers. Bush being the manager of the 
mechanical department of the paper. In 
1833 Mr. James B. Pinneo entered into 
partnership with Mr. Kinney and took 
charge of its business management. The 
style of the firm was J. B. Pinneo & Com- 
pany, Mr. Kinney manifesting always an 
aversion to ha\'ing his name spread out in 
connection with the proprietorsliip. Mr. 
Pinneo subsequently retired. Mr-. M. S. 
Harrison succeeded Mr. Pinneo on the Ad- 
vertiser. Upon his death Mr. Kinney be- 
came the sole proprietor, and under his 
control the paper rose steadily in value, 
power, excellence and influence. 

Under his contract the Advertiser stead- 
ily continued to prosper. Among those 
whose pens enriched the columns of the 
Advertiser during Kinney's editorship were 
the late Rev. James \V. Alexander, who, 



under the nom de plume of "Charles Quill," 
wrote a series of very interesting papers on 
",\merican Mechanics and American 
Workingmen;" and Mr. Samuel K. Gard- 
ner, who wrote under the name "Decius." 
Joseph P. Bradley, late associate justice of 
the supreme court of the United States, 
may be said to have begun active life as the 
Trenton correspondent of the Advertiser. 
From the Advertiser ofifice there ha\'e also 
graduated men who have become quite 
distinguished as clergymen, jurists and rail- 
road managers. 

In 1 85 1, on June 19, after occupying the 
editorial tripod of the Advertiser during a 
periodof eighteenyears, William B.Kinney, 
entered the "season of well-earned rest," 
having been appointed United States min- 
ister to Sardinia, by President Zachary 
Taylor. The paper then was conducted 
most successfully by Thomas T. Kinney, 
son of William B., who has had the sagacity 
to secure eminent editorial assistance. After 
the death of the \\'hig party, the Adver- 
tiser espoused the Republican cause. For 
three decades it has been properly regard- 
ed as one of the most ardent advocates of 
the Republican party, as opposed to the 
Democracy. In local and state affairs it 
has long spoken with the voice of one hav- 
ing authority, almost with the effect of a 
law giver, — and it is not without influence 
in the consideration of national questions. 
Having a large circulation, the paper is one 
of the best advertising mediums in the city. 

In 1897 Charles William Fisk became 
the editor. He is a native of New York 
city, born there in 1853, a descendant 
from an old Jersey family. His maternal 
parents came to Hanover, Morris county, 
New Jersey, and are descendants of the 
Balls and Cooks who came from South- 



244 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



anipton. Long Island. al)out 1740. The 
maternal great-great-gran<lfather, Ellis 
Cook, married Isabel Davis, in Weston in 
1775, while a delegate to the provincial 
congress. 

Mr. Beach C. Slocum became the busi- 
ness manager. He is the son of J. D. 
Slocum and Cleone Day Slocum. Cleone 
Day Slocum is the daughter of Elihu 
Day, a former prominent citizen of 
Newark, associated for a long lifetime 
with its mercantile interests, and for 
a number of years president of the "New- 
ark Savings Institution," when that bank 
was one of the largest and most successfully 
managed savings banks in the country. 
Through his maternal grandmother Ix C. 
Slocum traces direct descent from Jasper 
Crane, who was one of the four agents em- 
powered by the emigrants from Connecti- 
cut, who settled Newark in 1666, to pur- 
chase from the Indians the territory now- 
included in the county of Essex, and to 
select a site for the town that has grown 
into the present city of Newark. 



THOMAS McGOWAN. 

No man in Essex county has been more 
prominently identified with her progressive 
advancement through the exercise of of- 
ficial prerogatives than Mr. McGowan, to 
whom is due much of the substantial de- 
velopment whereon rests the prosperity 
and happiness of the community. He has 
ever manifested a public-spirited loyalty to 
all interests for tlie general good, and his 
practical ideas and untiring labors have left 
their impress on many of the most bene- 
ficial improvements of the county. 

Mr. McGowan is a native of the Emerald 
Isle, his birth having occurred August 25, 



1834, and he is of Scotch-Irish lineage. 
His parents were James and Elizabeth 
(Reilly) McGowan. His father died in Ire- 
land, and when our subject was nine years 
of age his mother removed with her fam- 
ily to the United States, locating first in 
New York city. Later our subject spent 
two years in Philadelphia and then went to 
Camden county, New Jersey, where for ti\e 
}'ears he was employed as a farm hand. He 
attended school in Bloomfield to some ex- 
tent, but his educational privileges were 
very limited. With a desire to make the 
most of his opportunities, however, he con- 
tinued his reading outside the school room, 
and through that and the practical experi- 
ences of life he has gained a broad general 
knowledge. From the early age of eleven 
years he has been dependent entirely upon 
his own resources for a livelihood, and the 
success that he has achieved is certainly well 
merited. In 1851, when seventeen years of 
age, he came to Bloomfield, and served an 
apprenticeship to the hatter's trade, after 
which he worked as a journeyman in 
Bloomfield, Newai^k and Philadelphia. He 
began business on his own account in 1866, 
under the firm name of Fairchild & Mc- 
Gowan, estaldishing a hat manufactory in 
Newark, where he carried on business for 
twenty-five years, conducting an extensive 
factory at the corner of Market and Con- 
gress streets and enjoying a large and prof- 
itable trade. Besides that he has been con- 
nected with other business enterprises, and 
is an energetic, capable business man, who, 
starting out in life a poor boy, has worked 
his way steadily upward to a jiosition of 
affiuence. For some time he was a special 
partner in the firm of Taylor Brothers & 
Company, of Montclair, dealers in lumber 
and coal, and operators of a planing mill. 



ESSEX (rn'xrv. 



245 



Mr. McGowan was united in marriage to 
Miss Elmira Taylor, a daughter of Samuel 
and Lydia (Osborne) Taylor, and a sister 
of Taylor Brothers, of the firm mentioned 
above. On both the paternal and the ma- 
ternal sides she is a representative of pio- 
neer families of Essex county. Mr. and 
Mrs. McGowan are highly respected people 
and have a large circle of friends, whom 
they frequently entertain at their pleasant 
home at No. 278 Montgomery avenue, 
Bloomfield. Socially Mr. McGowan is a 
member of Bloomtield Lodge, No. 40, F. 
& A. M., in which he was raised to the sub- 
lime degree of Master Mason in 1866. 

From his boyhood he has been a stanch 
supporter of Republican principles, casting 
his first vote for John C. Fremont, in 1856, 
when twenty-two years of age. He has 
been honored by his party with various 
positions of public trust and is a statesman 
with an e}-e to practical results and not to 
glittering generalities. In 1880 he was 
elected a member of the board of chosen 
freeholders of Essex county, representing 
Bloomfield township, and continued in of- 
fice until 1889, when an act of the legisla- 
ture retired the board from office. At one 
period he represented Bloomfield, Belleville, 
Franklin, East Orange, Montclair, Verona, 
Caldwell, Livingston and Millburn town- 
ships, at a time when the freeholders were 
elected bv the assembly district, those town- 
ships comprising the eleventh district. In 
1888 he was elected from the first district 
of Essex county to a seat in the state legis- 
lature, and during his two terms took an 
active part in all important measures, ably 
representing his district. He has many 
times been chosen as a delegate to the citv, 
county and district conventions of the Re- 
publican party and since casting his first 



vote has been an important factor in the 
politics of county and state. He has many 
times been a member of the Republican 
county central committee, and has been a 
member of the executive conmiittee of that 
organization. 

From 1880 until 1889 he was continu- 
ously a member of the board of chosen free- 
holders, and in 1892 was re-elected. Since 
December, 1894, he has been a director of 
the board, and under his leadership more 
practical improvements have been made 
than ever before in the history of the board. 
These include improvements in roads, 
county buildings, the erection of a new jail, 
the handsome new hospital for the insane 
at Overbrook, the erection of the new peni- 
tentiary, the new bridge at Jackson street 
over the Passaic river connecting Essex 
and Hudson counties, etc. Throughout 
his connection with the board Mr. Mc- 
Gowan has taken an active and humane 
interest in the welfare of the poor and in- 
sane, has always been a member of the hos- 
pital committees, and at one time was its 
chairman. In every way possible he has 
aided in the substantial improvement and 
advancement of the county, and for his 
labors in this direction the county owes to 
him a debt of gratitude. 

Strong and positive in his Republican- 
ism, his party fealty is not grounded on 
party prejudice, and he enjoys the respect 
and confidence of all his associates regard- 
less of party affiliations. Well grounded in 
the political maxims of the schools, he also 
studied the lessons of actual life, arriving at 
his conclusions as a result of what may be 
called his "post-graduate studies in the 
school of affairs." Such men, whether in 
office or out, are the natural leaders of 
whatever party they may be identified with, 



246 



ESSEX COUXTT. 



especially in that movement toward higher 
politics which is common to both parties, 
and which constitutes the most hopeful 
political sign of the period. 



THE ELY FAMILY. 

Captain ^^'illiam Ely, who was born in 
1 71 5 and settled in Livingston, New Jersey, 
in 1750, was the great-grandson of Richard 
Ely, who came from Plymouth, England, 
in 1660 and married the sister of Colonel 
George Fenwick, husband of the famous 
Lady Alice Fenwick. In 1802, at the ripe 
age of eighty-eight years, Captain Ely 
departed this life and is buried in the Ely 
cemeteiy, a family burying-ground set 
apart for purposes of sepulture Iiy the 
worthy Captain upon his own land. Be- 
side him in the quiet hillside cemetery rests 
his wife, who died in 1782, at the age of 
sixty-eight years. Captain Ely was blessed 
with a large family, having had ten chil- 
dren, several of whom lived to a good age 
and distinguished themselves in various 
walks of life, but interest centers more 
about Moses, the youngest of them all, for 
his name and memory are more particu- 
larly associated with Livingston, and with 
Essex county, where he made his home 
during the greater portion of a long and 
useful life. 

Moses Ely was born November 18, 1756, 
and passed his earlier years upon the 
family estate at Livingston, New Jersey. 
When the Revolutionary war broke out, 
Moses was not wanting in the patriotic 
spirit of his ancestors. He joined the army, 
rendered good service and was in after 
years granted a pension on account of his 
services in the army of the Revolution. 
January 3, 1782, he married Miss Rebecca 



Cook, who was a daughter of Epaphras 
Cook, and his wife, Rebecca Smith, sister of 
Dr. Peter Smith, of Chatham, New Jersey. 
The Cooks resided near Livingston and 
were an influential family in the community. 

After his marriage Moses Ely resided for 
a time in New York city, on the north side 
of Duane street, not far east of College 
Place, on property purchased by him and 
which extended through to Reade street, 
and was engaged in the trucking and for- 
warding business, which he carried on with 
considerable success. 

About the opening of the present cen- 
tury, when an epidemic broke out in New 
York, Mr. Ely sold his property and re- 
moved with his family to the farm at 
Livingston, New Jersey, which at that 
time came into his possession through 
his father's death. He died July 14, 
1838, and his wife followed him in 1852. 
Both are Ijuried in the cemetery of the Ely 
family at Livingston. 

They had nine children, all of whom have 
now passed away, and several are interred 
in the family Inn'ial ground, near their par- 
ents' last resting place. 

Old residents of Essex county will doubt- 
less remember Epaphras Cook Ely, son of 
Moses and Rebecca Cook, who was born 
April 15, 1795, for he, perhaps more than 
any other of the children of that family, was 
identified with the family place at Livings- 
ton, which he inherited, and continued to 
hold until his decease in 1864, when it came 
into the possession of his children, who still 
retain and occupy it. WHien yet a lad 
Epaphras went with his brother Moses to 
engage in the business of tanning near 
Newburg, New York. Not long afterward 
the war of 1812 began and Moses Ely was 
called upon to serve in the militia for the 



i:ssijx corxTY. 



247 



national defense. As ]\Ioses Ely coukl ill 
afford to leave his family and his business, 
Epapliras volunteered to enter the army in 
his brother's stead, and became a member 
of Captain Ben. Morton's company of New 
York Detailed Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel 
Michael Smith commanding. The regi- 
ment was for a time stationed on Staten 
island to repel an expected attack of the 
British army. After the declaration of 
peace, Mr. Ely was for a time employed in 
the tanning business at Esopus, New York, 
in partnership with his brother Moses. 

In 1822 he married Julia Ann Kitchell, of 
Hanover, New Jersey, daughter of Am- 
brose Kitchell and Eliza Mulford. The 
Kitchells are an old New Jersey family and 
are among the most estimable and promi- 
nent families of the state. 

In 1835 Mr. Ely engaged in the hide and 
leather business in New York and removed 
thither with his family. The business was 
successful from its inception, and Mr. Ely 
was for years one of the most respected and 
most widely known of the merchants in the 
"Swamp." Mr. and Mrs. Ely both died in 
1864, and are interred in the Ely cemetery 
at Livingston. Their family consists of 
Ambrose Kitchell, Smith, William Henry, 
Edwin Augustus and Maria Louise. 

The eldest brother, Ambrose, is unmar- 
ried, and has for many years been known as 
one of our most prominent New York 
merchants. He first engaged in mercan- 
tile pursuits as an assistant to his father in 
the hide and leather business in the 
"Swamp" (NeAv York city); afterward he 
accepted a position with Messrs. Lapham, 
Corse & Company, in the same trade, and 
a few years later became a member of the 
well known firm of Thorne, Watson & 
Company. In 1857, however, Mr. Ely re- 



tired from the firm and has since Iieen in 
liusiness on his own account. Mr. Ely's 
home in New York city is at No. 47 West 
Fifty-se\'eiith street, \\here he resides with 
his Ijrothers and sister-in-law. 

yh. Smith Ely, also unmarried, was edu- 
cated for the bar of the state of New York, 
but preferred mercantile pursuits, and has 
a reputation scarcely second to his brother 
Ambrose in the hide and leather trade, of 
which he has been for years a nieml^er. Mr. 
Ely has always had a taste for politics and 
has held important political positions. He 
was elected school trustee in 1856, state 
senator in 1857, member of the board of 
supei-\'isors of the city and county of New 
York in i860, retaining the position until 
the board was abolished in 1870, commis- 
sioner of public instruction in 1873 and 
1874, member of the forty-second and 
forty-fourth congresses, from the sixth dis- 
trict of New York, and in 1876 mayor of the 
city of New York, by a majority of fifty- 
eight thousand over General Dix, the Re- 
publican candidate. In 1895 ex-^Iayor 
Ely was appointed commissioner of the de- 
partment of public parks and places in and 
for the city of New York. 

]\Ir. Elv is a memjjer of the JNIanhattan, 
Union and Century clubs, and is associated 
with the best social, literary and benevolent 
lines of activity in the city and throughout 
the country. 

William Henry Ely married Maria 
Josephine Rogers, daughter of Mr. Abel 
H. Rogers and Caroline Gaines. Their 
children are: JuHa, who married Captain 
Charles A. Smylie; and Alice, who married 
Dr. P. Flewellen Chambers. 

Maria Louise Ely married George B. 
A'anderpoel, son of Jacob Vanderpoel and 
Catharine Ann Waldron, of 607 Fifth 



248 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



avenue, New York, and tlieir cliildren are 
Julia Louise, Catharine Ann and Amljrose 
Ely. 

The children of Julia Ely and Captain 
Charles Albert Smylie are Ely Elmore, who 
died in infancy, Margery and Charles Al- 
lien. Captain Smylie has achieved prom- 
inence in connection with his years of act- 
ive service in the National Guard of the 
state of New York, and as author of that 
excellent and well known manual of mili- 
tary science, "Points in Minor Tactics." 

Alice Ely and Dr. P. Flewellyn Cham- 
bers ha\-e one child, William Ely. Dr. 
Chambers is at present and has been for 
some years one of the foremost physicians 
of the city of New York, having -become 
especially prominent in surgery and in the 
skillful diagnosis and treatment of women's 
diseases. He is also widely known socially, 
and is no less esteemed for his social than 
for his mental e'ifts. 



JEPTHA H. BALDWIN. 

On the 9th day of March. 1849, in the 
home of his parents, Lsaac Preston and 
Abby Dean Baldwin, in Scotland street. 
Orange, this gentleman first opened his 
eyes to the light of day. He was not a ro- 
bust child and it was thought by some that 
he had but a meager chance of attaining 
manhood. His early life was passed in the 
usual manner of the ordinary boy of the 
period, and when he was old enough he 
was sent to the public school in Dav street, 
where in a few years he had mastered the 
elementary branches of an English educa- 
tion. In 1S61, when the clamor of war 
filled the land, his ambition to do some- 
thing to add to the family income led him 
to seek employment entirely without his 



parents' knowledge. He succeeded in this, 
his first independent step in life. Through 
the kind assistance of a playmate some 
years his senior he obtained, in 1862, a situ- 
ation in the office of the Orange Journal, 
then owned and edited by Edward Gardner. 
There he laid the foundation for the thor- 
ough knowledge of the printing business 
that proved of inestimable value to him in 
later years. 

On the 5th of May, 1864, Mr. Baldwin, 
then fifteen years of age, entered the office 
of the Newark Evening Journal in the me- 
chanical department. Edward N. Fuller, 
editor, and Henry Farmer, local editor, 
constituted the entire literary staff of the 
paper. Mr. Baldwin thought he recog- 
nize<l his opportunity in this fact. He ac- 
cordingly bestirred himself and gathered 
such items of news as his judgment told 
him would be of value. These he prepared 
in the best language at his conmiand and 
handed them to I\Ir. Fuller, who, ever 
ready to extentl aid to ambitious youth, 
passed them over to the city editor anil ad- 
\ised Stephen Thorne, the business man- 
ager, to pay for the same. This opened 
the wav for further work along that line, 
and he was soon recognized as a member of 
the reportorial staff. 

In 1870, at the recpiest of his Iirother 
whom he materially assisted the year be- 
fore in establishing the Orange Chronicle, 
yiv. Baldwin assumed charge of his print- 
ing-office, at the same time maintaining 
a connection with the Newark Journal, to 
which he sent daily some "copy." Subse- 
quently he became connected with the Ad- 
vertiser in a like capacity. In 1873 his 
connection with the Orange Chronicle was 
dissolved, and in November of that year, 
in partnership with Joseph Howard, Mr. 



THE 

NEW YORK 
(PUBLIC LiaaARVl' 

^ Attor, Lenox iind Tildsn 

fountiatlons, 

1901 



ESSEX COUNTY 



249 



Baldwin establislied a weekly paper in East 
Orange, the title of which was the East 
Orange Expositor. After six months this 
paper was discontinued, on account of Mr. 
Baldwin's poor health, and in the same 
year. 1874, he found it necessary to go 
south for the benefit of his health, spending 
the following winter in the city of Savan- 
nah. While there he was continually em- 
ployed on the force of the Savannah News, 
of which John Estell was proprietor. Re- 
turning to the north in 1875 -^I''- Baldwin 
engaged in newspaper work until 1880, in 
connection with the Journal and Advertiser 
of Newark and the Orange Journal. In 
that year, associated with his father, Isaac 
P. Baldwin, he began the publication of the 
Orange Directory, and from the Ijeginning 
was the manager of the enterprise, of which 
he became sole proprietor in 1890. 'J'he 
death of A. M. Holbrook, in 1891, who had 
for many years managed the Newark City 
Directory, left the Holbrook Newark Di- 
rectory Company without an experienced 
man at its head, and the principal stock- 
holder, A. O. Keasfiy, invited Mr. Baldwin 
to become manager, which position he ac- 
cepted. He at once introduced new fea- 
tures and otherwise improved the direct- 
ory, and recentlv imder his management 
the Holbrook Company has extended its 
field of operations, taking in Elizabeth, 
Harrison, Kearny, Rahwav. Summit, 
Plainfield, Westfield, Cranford and Roselle, 
and expects soon to control the directory 
field of the entire northern portion of the 
state. 

In 1872 Mr. Baldwin married Elma Vale 
Reimer, daughter of the late Captain Fred- 
eric Reimer, of East Orange, where they 
resided for many years. Of this union four 
children have been born, as follows: Mer- 



rick Reimer. born March g, 1874: Cyrus 
Preston. July 28. 1875; [Marion Elma, April 
4. 1877: and Ralph Brinton. July 22, 1878. 
Mrs. Baldwin died October 21, 1884, and 
in 1886 Mr. Baldwin wedded Hannah 
Reeves Edwards, daughter of the late To- 
bias Edwards, of Livingston. 



JOSEPH W. MANDEVILLE 

was born on the 28th of January. 1854, in 
the old ninth ward of the city of New York, 
being the eldest of four sons and one daugh- 
ter of Washington and Anna Jane Mande- 
\ille. He lived in New York until about 
se\-en years of age, when his familv re- 
moved to the state of New Jersey, from 
which state his .father originally came. His 
education was limited to the scope of the 
country schools of that time. 

At an early age his father, who was a 
stair-builder by trade, took him as an ap- 
prentice and he became a skilled mechanic, 
but his desires did not seem to satisfy him 
in that line, although he continued at his 
trade until 1873, when he became con- 
nected with life insurance and made a 
marked success in that line, holding several 
very important positions until the year 
1885, when he associated himself with the 
National Newark Bank, the oldest bank in 
the state of New Jersey, where he has ever 
since held an important position. 

Mr. Mandeville has for years been a 
member of the Park Presbyterian church. 

Yellis Mandeville, who came from Hol- 
land to New Amsterdam (now New York 
city) among its very earliest settlers, was 
the ancestor of all the Mandevilles in Amer- 
ica, and was possessed of large domains of 
the part of New York city which com- 
prised a part of the ninth ward of that city. 



2;o 



7;n.s7;,v coixty. 



Adrian Man(le\'ille, one of the lineal de- 
scendants of Yellis Mandeville, and tlie 
great-grandfather of Joseph \V. Mande- 
\-ille, was a large land-o\\ner on the Ponip- 
ton Plains, Morris county, New Jersey, and 
m the old cemetery of the Dutch Reformed 
church of that ])lace are huried a large num- 
ber of the descendants (jf the 2\Iandeville 
family. 

On the 28th of April, 1880, Mr. ]\Iande- 
ville was married to Sarah E. Speer, a de- 
scendant of one of the old families of Speers 
of Essex county, New Jersey. 



WILLIAM A. RIGHTER. 

It is but rarely that we meet an indi- 
vidual who has not only inherited a good 
mental and physical organization but has 
also a capacity and a disposition to main- 
tain the high standard for which nature 
seems to have designed him. The subject 
of whom we now propose to write, in his 
many illustrious characteristics, reminds us 
of the high ideal to which it apjiears nature 
is ever tending". Mr. Righter was a repre- 
sentative example of the noblest class of 
high-minded citizens, for many years oc- 
cupying a position of prominence at the l)ar 
of Essex county and indeed enacting a con- 
spicuous part in the history of his portion 
of the state of New Jersey. Faultless in 
honor, fearless in conduct and faithful to 
his trusts through a long residence in New- 
ark, he was regarded* as one of the most 
distinguished and esteemed citizens. The 
prominent facts of his life which constitute 
interesting topics in a biographical review, 
are so numerous, as well as important, that 
even had we ten times the space here al- 
lotted we could give l)Ut a mere outline of 
them. 



In this connection we may briefly touch 
upon his parentage, by way of chronolog- 
ical introduction. His father, John Righter, 
was of sturdy German origin, characterized 
by a thorough scientific spirit. He was a 
native of New Jersey, representing a family 
long connected with the state, and during 
his life's career honoring the vocations of 
farming and agriculture. January 9, 1806, 
he married Miss Lockey Stiles, whose an- 
cestry was traceable to the e(|ually de- 
veloped English people. 

Mr. Righter, to whom these paragraphs 
are devotetl, was a native of Parsippany, 
New Jersey, born in 1821, and after acquir- 
ing his preliminary education in the schools 
near his home he pursued a collegiate 
course in Union College, at Schenectady, 
New York, at which institution he was 
graduated in 1842, during the presidency of 
that distinguished educator. Dr. Eliphalet 
Nott. Determining to enter the legal pro- 
fession, he soon became a law student in 
the office of Chief Justice Joseph C. Horn- 
blow-er, where he became thoroughly versed 
in the elementary principles of the law, and 
he was duly admitted to the bar, in 1848; 
and from that time until his death he was 
|>rominenth' connected with the Newark 
bar, throughout his professional life wear- 
ing the distinguishing honors of a broad- 
minded and liberal man and a conscientious 
practitioner of the law. He was connected 
with much of the important litigation in 
the courts of Newark, attaining marked 
prestige for his deep research and painstak- 
ing care. His logical grasp of facts and of 
the principles applical)le to them enabled 
him to guide his cases without perturliation. 
His diction was characterized by a remark- 
alile clearness of expression and impressive 
tone. 



E,'<^EX COUXTY. 



In his political views Mr. Righter always 
coincided with the Democratic iiarty. In 
1876 he was the nominee of his party in 
the sixth congressional district for the of- 
fice of representative in congress, Init in 
the election was defeated by the Repnhlican 
candidate. In 1877 his name was ])ronii- 
nently mentioned in connection with the 
nomination for governor of the state. He 
always took a deep interest in municipal af- 
fairs. He served as a member of the board 
of health and also of the board of ednca- 
tion, doing effective service in the interest 
of the schools and of the general physical 
welfare of the people. He was also one of 
those who made strenuous elTorts to secure 
the establishment of a creditable park in 
Newark in 1868, and contiinied his labors 
in that connection imtil his death. In the 
winter of 1888 he served as one of the ad- 
visory connnittee to procure an adequate 
supply of good water for the city, and the 
efforts of the committee were crowned 
with success. In 1869 Mr. Righter became 
a member of the Historical Society of New 
Jersey, with which he was connected dur- 
ing the remainder of his life. Also he was 
one of the vice presidents of the American 
Bible Society of New York, and for many 
years was a trustee of the First Presbyterian 
church of Newark. 

In 185 1 he was united in marriage with 
Miss Emma Louise Shugard, a daughter of 
William Shugard, of Newark, and they had 
eight children, named as follows: William 
S., Florence C, Mary, Addison A., Ed- 
ward, Emma A., Clara and Howard C. 

Mr. Righter passed away on the i8th of 
October, 1896, and the funeral services 
were conducted by Dr. Frazer, pastor of the 
First Presbyterian church of Newark, of 
which Mr. Righter had long been a mem- 



ber; and this is perhaps the most appro- 
priate place to say a few words concerning 
the moral character of the deceased. Dr. 
Frazer, who had been one of his close 
friends, told at the funeral how well he re- 
membered, at his coming to Newark four- 
teen years previously, that Air. Righter had 
been one of the first to greet him and re- 
ceive him with the warmest cordiality and 
most open-hearted welcome; that in the 
years since then he had gi\-en him his fullest 
confidence and had stood by him loyally in 
every emergency, and that he had always 
felt, come what might, he could always 
count on Mr. Righter's fullest sympathy 
and support. "Few people," continued 
Mr. Frazer, "could depart and leave behind 
a more enviable reputation. For fifty years 
he had lived in Newark, and his life had 
been an open one, — seen of all men. In his 
profession, in his social life, among men of 
business, he was universally liked and re- 
spected, for he stood, as few men have, for 
what was right and honorable; but to those 
who knew him best in his home life it was 
that his goodness and character were seen 
in their perfection. There was never a 
better or purer man in the home relation- 
ships. Fle was all that a son, a husband, a 
brother and a father should be, and he 
counted no personal sacrifice too great that 
would enhance the welfare or promote the 
happiness of his family. He had a deep re- 
ligious faith and an unboumled trust in the 
mercv of the Savior." 

Through a successful business career Mr. 
Righter had accumulated a handsome for- 
tune; however, he not only left to his family 
a substantial patrimony but alsoliecpieathed 
to them that priceless heritage, a good 
name, which Solomon said was rather to 
be chosen than srreat riches. His memory 



ESISEX COrXTY 



is enshrined in the hearts of all who knew 
him, and the influence of his life is yet a 
potent factor for good among his many 
friends. 



\\'ILLIAM H. DE VAUSXEY. 

The De\'ausney famil}" is of P'rench 
origin and was founded in America h}' the 
great-grandfather of our subject, who was 
born in France and came to America about 
the time of the Revolutionary war. His 
mother left a large estate in France, but he 
never recrossed the water to claim his share 
of the inheritance. His son. Henr\' De- 
A'ausney.the grandfatherof our subject, was 
a nati\'e of Franklin township, Essex coun- 
ty, and after arriving at years of maturity 
married Miss Rachel ]\Iills. He was a 
tanner by trade and also learned shoe- 
making, following that dual occupation 
throughout the greater part of his active 
Inisiness career. Both he and his wife died 
in middle life. They were the parents of 
seven children: \\'illiam, Celia, Mary, 
Marguerite, John, Richard and Eliza. The 
father of our subject, John DeVausney, is a 
native of Essex county, and now resides in 
Nutley. Throughout his entire life he has 
followed the carpenter's trade. In 1834 he 
married Eliza Brown, a daughter of Samuel 
and Julia (Speer) Brown. Their children 
are Margaret; Julia E.. who married John 
RawclifYe; John Henry; Sarah, wife of 
Robert Rushmore; William H.; Elizabeth, 
wife of John Reynolds; and Samuel. 

Born in Essex count^•, W'illiam De\'aus- 
ney has spent his entire life within its bor- 
ders. In his vouth he learned the carpen- 
ter's trade and has since been connected 
with the building interests of Franklin 
township. He is recognized as one of the 



foremost contractors in his part of the 
count}' and now carries on an e.xtensive 
business in partnership with Charles Carter, 
of Newark, who secures the contracts while 
]\Ir. DeVausney acts as superintendent of 
the workmen, and many fine buildings in 
Bloomfield. Newark and other places have 
l)een erected under his inunediate super- 
\'ision and stand as monuments to his 
handiwork and enterprise. Thoroughly 
familiar with the business in every detail, he 
is therefore competent to direct the labors 
of his employes to the best advantage and 
to secure durable and pleasing results. 

Mr. DeVausney was luiited in marriage 
to Miss Rachel, daughter of Henry and Ann 
(Vreeland) Cueman, and their children are 
Clarence, Edith, Clifford and Millie. In 
politics Mr. DeVausneyis a Republican. and 
in 1 89 1 served as a member of the town 
committee. His name is a synonym for 
honorable business dealing, and his ujv 
right life and fidelity to every trust reposed 
in him have won the confidence and good 
will of all with whom he has Ijeen brought 
in contact. 



FRANCIS LE BARON MAYHEW. 

Ceaselessly to and fro flies the deft shuttle 
which weaves the web of human destiny, 
and into the vast mosaic fabric enter the 
individuality, the effort, the accomplish- 
ment of each man, be his station that most 
lowly, or one of majesty, pomp and power. 
Within the textile folds may be traced the 
line of each individuality, and while all are 
merged into the great aggregate, yet the 
essence of each is never lost, be the angle 
of influence wide spreading and grateful, or 
narrow and baneful. He who essays bi- 
ography finds much of profit and satisfac- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



-Jo 



tion in following ont the tracings of a life 
history, determining the keynote of each re- 
spective personality and conning the les- 
sons of life, "line upon line and precept 
upon precept." The subject of this review 
is one who has wrought to goodly ends 
and has attained that well-earned success 
which entitles him to withdraw largely from 
the activities of business life and to enjoy 
the fruits of his labors in his beautiful home 
in South Orange, where he is known and 
honored as a representative citizen. 

Mr. Mayhew is a native of the old Bay 
state, having been born in Mattapoisett, 
Massachusetts, in the year i8ji, the son of 
Matthew and Sara Allen (LeBaron) May- 
hew. His ancestors in the paternal line 
were among the early settlers in Martha's 
Vineyard, Massachusetts. Among them 
were Governor Thomas Mayhew and Rev. 
Thomas Mayhew, the famous Indian 
preachers; Rev. Jonathan Mayhew, of old 
West Street church, of Boston, whose 
name is historic for his aid to the New Eng- 
land colonies in their struggle for independ- 
ence, whither the original ancestor emi- 
grated from England. As the name implies, 
the LeBarons were of French origin, the 
family having been established at Plymouth, 
Massachusetts in the early colonial epoch. 

Matthew Mayhew was a seafaring man, 
having been captain of a whaling \-essel and 
having followed the implied line of industry 
for a term of many years. He was a man 
of stanchest integrity of purpose and was 
honored and esteemed by all with whom he 
came in contact. The subject of this re- 
view, Francis LeBaron Mayheu', received 
such educational advantages as were af- 
forded in the common schools of his native 
town, and by dul\- profiting by the oppor- 
tunities thus oti'ered, he acquired a good 



practical education. In 1840 he left the 
schoolroom to assume the practical duties 
of life, proceeding to New York city, where 
he secured employment as bookkeeper and 
clerk in a wholesale grocery estal)lishment. 
He retained this incumbency for a full dec- 
ade, within which time he became thor- 
oughly informed as to the details of the 
l)usines5 and as to the most effecti\'e meth- 
ods of handling the financial portion of the 
enterprise, having shown a ]>ronounced apt- 
itude and discermnent for the conduct of af- 
fairs of scope and importance. 

As bookkeeper he had an opportunity to 
familiarize himself with the financial meth- 
ods emploved in various sections of the 
Union, the banking systems of that day 
having been somewhat primiti\e and loose- 
ly regulated. Mr. Mayhew's ambition and 
self-reliance eventually led him into wider 
fields of endeavor, and through his timely 
and well-directed efforts he gained a posi- 
tion among the representative lousiness men 
of the national metropolis. He had natural- 
ly been from childhood somewhat familiar 
with the whaling industry, with which his 
father was so closely identified, and this cir- 
cumstance, as taken in connection with his 
extended acquaintanceship in New Bed- 
ford, the headquarters of the whale-oil in- 
dustry at that time, led him to l^ecome con- 
cerned in this important line of enterprise, 
and he engaged in the oil business, with 
headquarters in New York city, continuing 
operations with notable success for a period 
of thirty-six years. He brought to bear a 
thorough business acumen, was duly con- 
servative and yet progressive in his meth- 
ods, so that success attended his efforts 
from the start and was cumulative in char- 
acter. Mr. Mayhew retired from active 
Inisiness in 1888, lia\-ing accpiircd a suffi- 



254 



7->'.s7;x rorxTY 



cicnt competency to enaljle liim to enjoy 
the fruits of past years of labor and consec- 
utive application. 

During the first ten years of liis l)usiness 
career in New York city Mr. Mayhew re- 
tained his residence in Brookl}-n, hut in view 
of the impaired health of his wife, and look- 
ing to the securing" of a place of aljoile 
where conditions would he more conduci\-c 
to her recovery, he removed to South 
Orange in 1854, residing for a time on 
Ridgewood road, after which he effected 
the purchase of a most desirable tract of 
land at the foot of the South Orange moun- 
tains, and located on \\hat is now South 
Orange avenue. Here he has erected a 
beautiful residence, which is one of the ideal 
homes of this most attractive suburban dis- 
trict. 

Since taking ui:> his residence in Soutli 
Orange Mr. Mayhew has maintained a con- 
stant and lively interest in all that has 
touched the prosperit\- and substantial up- 
building of the \'illage, and has been among 
the foremost in advancing local interests 
through all normal and legitimate channels. 
He was largelv instrumental in securing the 
incorporation of the \illage of South 
Orange, by which means the locality has 
gained valuable facilities and i)rivileges not 
otherwise possible, and he has been most 
liberal, both in giving time and money to 
furthering the improvement and beautify- 
ing of the locality where he has maiiUainc<l 
his home for so man}- years. Mr. Mayhew 
served as president of South Orange during 
the fiscal }'ear of 1875, and his adnunistra- 
tion of municipal aft'airs was such as to gain 
to him the endorsement and approval of the 
local pul:>lic. He. Imwever, prefers to hold 
aloof from ijuldic otficc, and to exert his 
influence in a (luiet wa\'. He is one of the 



founders of the South Orange free liljrary. 

In political matters Mr. Mayhew exer- 
cises his franchise in the support of 
the princi|)les and policies of the Re- 
publican jiarty, while in religion he 
clings to the faith of his fathers, and 
is a member of the Congregational church. 
His maternal grandfather. Rev. Lemuel Le 
Baron, was for sixty years ]iastor of the 
Congregational church at Mattapoisett, 
Massachusetts. He was a direct descend- 
ant of Governor Bradford, of Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, and Dr. Francis LeBaron, 
whose name Mr. Mayhew bears. Mr. and 
Mrs. Mayhew have been particularly active 
in the Sunday school of their church, as well 
as in other good works, being liberal in 
the support of all collateral charities and 
bene\-olences. Our subject is not dogmatic 
in his religious views, but has the deepest 
reverence for spiritual realities and for good 
accomplished through any worthy medium. 

In 1849 ^^■'is solenmized the marriage of 
Mr. Mayhew to Miss Calista S. Wass, 
daughter of David Wass and Feadassah 
Wass, of .\ddison, Maine 



^^"ILLl.\:\[ h. banta. 

a son of John and Rachel Ann (Frederick) 
Banta, the suliject of this sketch, was born 
in Passaic county. New Jersey, in 1847. 
His parents were nati\-es of Bergen county, 
the former born Decemliei- 4, 1819, the lat- 
ter July 15, i8_>4. Their marriage was cel- 
e1)rated June 13. 1844, and they became 
the ]>arents of the following children: Wil- 
liam H.; Jane Ann. who married George 
Stager: Sarah ^latilda and Catherine Maria, 
both of whom died in childhood. The 
father was a carriage-maker by trade and 
followed that occupation for man_\- years in 



ESSEX VOUNTV. 



■is 



Newark. I'lie last years of his life were 
spent in Franklin township, where his death 
occurred October 31, 1852. The grand- 
father, William Banta, resided in Hacken- 
sack, and in connection with farming en- 
gaged in weaving. 

William H. Banta was reared and edu- 
cated in Franklin township and early in life 
learned the carpenter's trade, which he fol- 
lowed for a few years. He then engaged in 
the butchering business in Nutle}', but for 
some years past has been connected with 
the ice trade. He has built up an extensive 
business in this line and has large ice-houses 
in order to meet the demands of his patrons. 
He is a wide-awake, energetic man, whose 
resolute purpose and untiring labor have 
brought to him a comfortalde competence. 

On the 2 1st of December, 1871, Air. 
Banta was joined in wedlock to Miss Marv 
C. Preston, and they now have six children: 
Henry Frederick, Amelia, Jane Ann, Lottie 
May, Rachel Elizabeth and Fannie B. The 
parents are widely known in this localitv 
and their many excellent characteristics 
have won them high regard. 



THE HARRISON FAAHLV. 

Da\id Harrison came from Orange in 
1740, and located one-half mile west from 
Caldwell village, on a large tract of land. 
He was untiring in his purpose, and be- 
fore the beginning of the Revolutionarv 
war he had a large area of arable land and 
an apple orchard in bearing. He enter- 
tained patriot soldiers on several occasions 
when they were foraging, and kept their 
live-stock in a secluded field, which, from 
this circumstance, obtained the name of 
"Hog Pasture." He died from sunstroke, 
at the age of eighty-three years, while rak- 
ing rye in his field. He had a large familv. 



all of whom were girls except two, — David, 
who removed to North Caldwell, and 
Jabez, who Imilt a frame house on the New- 
ark road, and who inherited from the estate 
a farm of fifty acres. Jabez had two sons, 
one of whom, David, died at Detroit in 
1812. He had been connected with Gen- 
eral Harrison's army of the west, and had 
shared its fights and hardships. Caleb D. 
Harrison remained for a time with his 
father; then, in 1821, he entered into part- 
nership with Nathaniel Douglass in the to- 
bacco business. In 1830 he became super- 
intendent of the Ixosendale Cement Works, 
near Kingston, New York. He returned to 
Franklin in 1833, and bought from the sev- 
eral heirs the greater portion of his grand- 
fathers estate. He purchased the store 
propertv from Thomas Cochran in 1836, 
and re])laced the Philemon Bates dwe'ling- 
house by the erection of one more modem. 

Mr. Harrison was a magistrate for sev- 
eral years, town clerk for four terms and as- 
sessor for six years. He transacted legal 
business for his neighbors, wdio gladly 
availed themselves of his counsel. 

The homestead is now held by Caleb M. 
Harrison, who, after eleven years' absence 
from the village, returned, upon the death 
of his father, in 1868. During this period 
he had occupied the jtrincipalshi]) of the 
public schools of Plainfield and New Bruns- 
wick, the state superintendency of pul)lic 
schools during 1863 and 1864, and the prin- 
cipalship of the Newark Academy from 
1864 to 1869, inclusive. It was during his 
superintendency that the initial steps were 
taken in the ref(5rm of the puldic-schoo! 
system of the state. Afterward he devoted 
himself to agriculture, being the first in his 
section to compound mineral fertilizers in 
kind and quantity in adaptation to special 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



crops. Ill 1880 he was aiipoimed to the 
superintendency of the Ne-xvark City Home. 
a reformatory^ institution, and he holds that 
position at the present time. Tlie farm is 
rented by his nephew. Caleli A. Harrison, 
who is engaged in the milk business and 
who utilizes the land solely in the interests 
of his trade. 



CALEB RI. HARRISON 

can claim an ancestral connection with the 
history of Esse.x county covering a period 
of more than a century and a half. It was in 
the year 1740 that David Harrison re- 
moved from Orange, New Jersey, and lo- 
cated one half mile west of the \illage of 
Caldwell, where he secured a large tract of 
land. With unfaltering purpose and tire- 
less energy he l)egan the development of 
that property and at the beginning of the 
Revolution had a considerable amount of 
the land under cultivation and an apple 
orchard in l>earing. He w'as strongly in 
sympathy with the cause of the colonists, 
and on several occasions entertained pa- 
triot soldiers, who were foraging in that 
vicinity and kept their li\e stock in a se- 
cluded fiekl. which, from this circumstance, 
to this day has been an object of interest 
tc) the family. A\'hile raking in the rye fiekl, 
at the age of eighty-three years, David 
Harrison sutTered a sunstroke wdiich ter- 
minated his life. He had a large family, 
all girls with the exception of two, — David, 
who removed to North Ca'.dwell ; and Jabez, 
who built a frame house on the Newark 
road and who inherited from the estate a 
farm of fifty acres. Da\id Harrison, who 
had been connected with (General Harri- 
son's army of the west and had shared in its 
battles and its hardships, died in Detroit 
in 1812. The either son was Caleb D. Har- 



rison, who remained for a time with his 
father, and then, in 1821. entered into part- 
ner.ship with Nathaniel Douglass in the 
tobacco business, in 1830 he became su- 
perintendent of the Rosendale Cement 
Works, near Kingston, New York, but in 
1833 returned to Franklin and secured from 
the several heirs the greater portion of his 
grandfather's estate. In 1836 he pur- 
chased the store owned by Thomas Coch- 
ran and replaced the dwelling, formerly 
owned l)y Philemon Bates, by the erection 
of a more modern residence. He held a 
number of official positions, was a magis- 
trate for several years, was town clerk for 
four terms and assessor for si.x years. He 
transacted legal Inisiness for his neighbors, 
who gladly availed themselves of his coun- 
sel, for he was a man of sound judgment, 
thoroughly reliable and honorable. His 
death occurred in 1808. 

Caleb M. Harrison, whose name intro- 
duces this article, a son of Calel) D. and 
Phoebe (Steele) Harrison, was born January 
23. 1838. His maternal grandfather, Josiah 
Steele, was one of the heroes of the Revolu- 
tion. The early life of our sul)ject was 
passed in West Caldwell, where he attended 
the pul)lic schools. He also pursued his 
studies in a school conducted in Montclair 
by David Frame, and was later graduated 
at the New Jersey State Normal. Subse- 
quentl\- he received the degree of A. M. 
from Rutgers College, in recognition of his 
work as an educator, on the same occasion 
upon which General Hugh Judson Kil- 
patrick received the same honorary distinc- 
tion. Since 1858 he has devoted his atten- 
tion largely to educational work, and has 
won a reputation in this line that ranks 
him among the most al:)le instructors in 
the state. In his earlv manhood he was a 




l,-***""'^ 



CALEB H. HARRISOH 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



257 



teacher in the schools of Paterson. New 
Jersey, and <hn-ing that time largely ad- 
vanced the standard of scholarship among 
his pupils. In 1859, he was chosen prin- 
cipal of the schools in Plainfield, and in 
i860 he resigned to accept the position of 
principal of the New Brunswick school, in 
which capacity he served with marked abil- 
ity, until honored by the appointment of 
state superintendent of schools. While fill- 
ing that ofiice he drafted and secured the 
passage of a law e.stalilishing a state board 
of education and gained from the educa- 
tional committees the approval of changes 
outlined in his report for 1863, for the sys- 
temization of the public schools of the state 
of New Jersey. From 1864 to 1S69 inclu- 
sive he was principal of the Newark Acad- 
emy, with marked success and acceptance, 
and afterward, for a few years, gave private 
instruction in New York. For some time 
he was interested in agricultural pursuits, 
being the first in his section to compound 
mineral fertilizers in kind and cpiantity in 
adaptation to special crops. About 1873 
he invested his means in a successful linen 
trade, which he carried on until 1880. Dur- 
ing this time, however, he was not wholly 
disassociated with the educational interests 
of Essex county, for from 1870 until 1872 
he had something to do with the erection of 
the Caldwell high school, framed the char- 
ter for the same, and was the first president 
of the board. 

In 1880 Mr. Harrison was appointed to 
the superintendency of the Newark City 
Home, a reformatory institution located at 
Verona, and has given the last eighteen 
years of his life to its successful manage- 
ment. He has made this school a very efifi- 
cient institution in the city life, and his ef- 
forts in this direction are appreciated by all. 

il— 17 



He is deeply interested in all movements 
tending to the betterment of mankintl and 
lends his hearty co-operation to every en- 
terprise whose object is the advancement 
of the public good. Mr. Harrison still re- 
tains the ownership of the old family home- 
stead, which is now rented to his nephew, 
Caleb A. Harrison, who is engaged in the 
milk business and who utilizes the land 
solely in the interests of that industry. 

In his political preferences Mr. Harrison 
is a Democrat, and in religious belief he and 
his family are Presbyterians. He is one 
of the best known educators in New Jersey, 
and his life has been a very useful one, thus 
devoted to the advancement of his fellow- 
men. His influence, whicli is far-reaching in 
its scope, is ever exerted for good, and upon 
the characters as \vell as the minds of his 
pupils has he left a deep impress. 

Mr. Harrison of this review was united 
in marriage to Miss Elizabeth H. Fallons- 
bee, who was one of the leading teachers of 
I'lainlield, and they now have five children: 
Wilford F., Charles W., John W., Raymond 
F. and Albert D. 



JOSEPH ENGLISH, 

a representative of the marble trade in 
Orange, is a native of Ireland, where he 
was born in Dundale, county Louth, and is 
a son of James and Mary (Rarin) English, 
who were also born in county Louth, Ire- 
land, both of them being now deceased. 
Thev became the parents of eight children, 
two of the latter dying in childhood, the 
surviving six being: John, a resident of East 
Orange: Marj', the wife of William Karr. 
living in East Boston: Margaret, who is 
married and is now living in Boston; 
Thomas, who makes his home in Newark; 
Joseph and Annie. 



258 



ESSEX COUNTY 



Joseph English received his education in 
the pubhc schools of his nati\e land, but, 
his parents d3'ing while he was yet j-oung, 
he was thrown on his own responsibility 
and obliged to secure employment in order 
to obtain the necessities of life. In 1883, 
learning of the greater advantages offered 
to young men in America, he emigrated to 
this country and located in Boston, where 
he learned the trade of marble worker, and 
in November, 1894, he came to Orange and 
established his present business, in which 
he has met with signal success. 

In his social affiliations Mr. English is a 
member of St. Patrick's Alliance, of 
Orange, and in his religious adherency he 
is a regular attendant of St. John's Roman 
Catholic church. 



JOHN H. LONG. 

Essex county is the center of hat manu- 
facturing in America, and its many exten- 
sive interests in this line form one of its 
greatest sources of material welfare. With 
this industry Mr. Long is connected, being 
proprietor of a hat manufactory in Orange, 
where he is accounted one of the leading- 
representatives of her industrial interests. 
His enviable reputation for honorable busi- 
ness dealing has secured to him a liberal 
patronage, and his success is certainly well 
merited. 

A native of New York city, he was born 
July 2, 1855, and is a son of John R. and 
Catherine A. (Taylor) Long. The early an- 
cestors of the Long family were natives of 
the north of Ireland, and at the time of the 
religious trouble between the Protestants 
and the Catholics, representatives of the 
name founded the family in America. The 
great-grandfather of our subject was the 
first to cross the Atlantic, and with his fam- 



ily he located in Philadelphia, where he 
spent his remaining days. His son, the 
grandfather, was born during the voyage to 
America, and was named Samuel Neptune 
Long. 

When a child of two years John H. Long 
was brought by his parents to Orange, 
where he acquired his primary education, 
which was supplemented by a two-years 
course of study in an academy at Schoharie, 
New York. He then entered Bryant & 
Stratton's Business College, finishing his 
education by a commercial course of study. 
He afterward spent four years as a civil en- 
gineer, and in 1876 he became associated 
with his father in the manufacture of hats, 
under the firm name of John R. Long & 
Son. Since that time he has been contin- 
uously engaged in his present enterprise, 
and his well directed eitorts have brought 
him a gratifying prosperity. 

Mr. Long was married June 14, 1882, to 
Miss Ida Virginia Hatfield, who was born in 
Newark, and is a daughter of Henry and 
Jane Hatfield. They now have two daugh- 
ters — Florence and Margery. 

In his political predilections Mr. Long is 
a Republican, and with his family he at- 
tends the Episcopal church. Their house- 
hold is one of the hospitable homes of 
Orange, and their large circle of warm 
friends is an index to the upright lives and 
admirable characters of the members of that 
home. 



JOHN BENNETT. 

The leaders of the world in any line of 
business are few, the followers many. It 
requires great sagacity, splendid business 
and executive ability, imflagging energy 
and unabating zeal in the pursuit of one's 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



259 



purpose to gain leadership, and the man 
who does so is certainly deserving of great 
credit. In one of the lines of artistic work 
— china decoration — Mr. Bennett attained 
marked prestige and for many years was 
prominently connectedwith that enterprise, 
but is now living retired. 

A native of Burslem, England, Mr. Ben- 
nett was born in 1843, and is a son of John 
and Mary (Vernon) Bennett, who were also 
natives of the same town. At his parental 
home the subject was reared to manhood 
and acquired his education in the public 
schools, supplemented by a course in the 
Art Training School, established by Prince 
Albert. Later he was apprenticed to learn 
the art of china decorating and served for a 
term of seven years. When he became suf^- 
ciently proficient to do salable work he was 
given a salary of two shillings per week. 
After the first year he was given a half 
crown per week through the second year, 
and for four years was engaged on piece 
work, receiving half the salary given a jour- 
neyman. Subsequently he was employed as 
a journeyman in the Hilltop pottery for a 
time, and then worked as a decorator for a 
short time, after which he engaged in busi- 
ness on his own account. Going to London, 
he located near the Dalton potteries, where 
he followed his art, attaining great profi- 
ciency therein. His skill was the means of 
procuring for him a number of excellent 
business offers, but he declined these in 
order to establish a home in America. 

Mr. Bennett came to this country in 1876, 
being sent to take charge of a china display 
in the English exhibit at the Centennial Ex- 
position in Philadelphia. In 1877 he made 
a permanent location in the New World, 
going to New York. He it was who intro- 
duced the Farance pottery into America. 



He established a large plant on Lexington 
avenue and Twenty-seventh street, and 
afterward removed to Twenty-fourth street, 
where he carried on business on an exten- 
sive scale. His beautifully decorated work 
soon became renowned throughout the 
country, and many came to him from all 
parts of the LTnited States and Canada to 
learn his art methods. In 1883 he removed 
to West Orange and locating on the banks 
of the Orange reservoir he erected his pres- 
ent fine residence and built his potteries. 
He still carries on business to a limited ex- 
tent, but is practically retired, having ac- 
quired a handsome competence as the result 
of his labors. His exquisite workmanship, 
wrought after the most artistic and ap- 
proved methods, won the highest praise of 
the connoisseurs, and he justly won a lead- 
ing place among the china decorators of 
this country. 

Mr. Bennett was married in 1862 to Miss 
Mary Hall, a daughter of Reuben Hall, a 
well-known decorator whose reputation ex- 
tended throughout Europe. By this union 
ten children were bom: John R., of New 
York; Charlie T., Mary, Frank, Sarah, 
Harry, W'illiam, Carrie W., Florence L. and 
Hettie L. The first two sons are members 
of the Masonic fraternity. The family is 
well known in Essex county, and its history 
deserves a place in this volume. 



JAMES C. CRANE, 

one of the honored and respected citizens 
of Montclair, comes of a family of long 
identification with the history of Essex 
county. In colonial days the first of the 
name took up their residence in this part of 
New Jersey, and down through the years to 
the present the Cranes have been substan- 



26o 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



tial, valuable citizens of the comiminity, 
bearing their part in all matters of public 
moment and supporting all measures for the 
general good. Their prominence is indi- 
cated by the fact that Cranetown was 
named in their honor, and it was in that 
place, now Montclair, that James C. Crane 
was born, on the 13th of October, 1822. 

His father, Timothy A. Crane, a son of 
Aaron Crane, was born June 20, 1786, and 
after attaining to years of maturity, married 
Miss Matilda Camp, a daughter of James 
and Mary Camp, born November 22, 1784. 
The father of our subject died in the ninety- 
third year of his age, and the mother was 
called to her final rest in her ninety-first 
year. The worthy couple had seven chil- 
dren, the record of whomfs as follows: Sarah 
Anna, born on the sth of February, 1809, 
became the wife of Stephen G. Gould; 
Aaron, born March 29, 1812, married Eliza 
Scott; Mary Camp, born June 30, 181 5, was 
joined in wedlock to Samuel D. Mead; 
Isaac, born July ^, 1820, married Emeline 
Brower; Nancy, was a twin sister of Isaac; 
James Camp, whose name heads this article, 
married Matilda S. Corby, and Horace, 
born January 4, 1826, completes the fam- 
ily. All were natives of Essex county. 



GEORGE LE GLISE, 

a member of the city council of Newark, 
representing the tenth ward, was born at 
Cypress Hill, Long Island, on the 22d of 
February. 1865, a son of Joseph and Annie 
(Gammas) LeGlise. both of whom were na- 
tives of Paris. France. The father followed 
the sea for forty-two years and first came 
to the United States in 1826. He died in 
1888. having survived his wife several 
years. 

Mr. LeGlise. whose name introduces this 



review, received a common-school educa- 
tion in the puljlic schools of his native town, 
and in 1879 came to Newark, since which 
time hehas beenaresident of the tenth ward, 
his home Ijeing now at 197 Thomas street, 
He began life for himself as an apprentice 
at the trade of edge-tool-making, but later 
decided to learn the trade of manufacturing 
saddlery hardware, and for a number of 
years followed that pursuit in connection 
with Anderson Albright, but for the past 
seven years he has been engaged in busi- 
ness on his own account. He has Ijuilt up 
an excellent trade, for his superior work- 
manship and honorable dealing commend 
him to the confidence of the puljlic and he 
has thereljy won a liberal and lucrative pat- 
ronage. 

IMr. LeGlise is a member of St. Colum- 
bia's Y. M. C. A. and of the Catholic Benev- 
olent Legion, and is serving as trustee of 
the latter organization. He has for some 
years l)een a prominent and active member 
of the Democratic party in Newark, but 
has steadily declined all offers of political 
preferment until the spring of 1897. when 
he decided to accept the nomination for al- 
derman in his ward. He polled eleven hun- 
dred and sixty votes, his Republican oppo- 
nent nine hundred and thirty-nine, thus re- 
ceiving a majority of two hundred and 
twenty-one. He is now serving as a mem- 
ber of the committees on police, elections, 
City Home and weights and measures, and 
is a public-spirited, progressive citizen, who 
supports all measures which he believes are 
well planned for the public good. He is a 
member of the Tenth Ward Democratic 
Club, and works earnestly with his party. 
He is a man of many sterling qualities and 
is very popular in business, political and 
social circles. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



261 



Mr. LeGlise was married Xovemlier 27, 
1887, to Miss Margaret Leonard, a daugh- 
ter of Thomas Leonard, of Newark. Five 
children have been born to them, one of 
whom is deceased. The hving are: 
Thomas, Rose Adell, George and Grace 
Eleanor. 



NATHANIEL DRAKE, 

a prosperous citizen of Irvington, and a 
member of the firm of Drake & Company, 
is the youngest son of Elias W. Drake, and 
a brother of M. S. Drake, whose sketch will 
also be found in this work, and was born 
in Irvington, Essex county. New Jersey, 
on the 2d of November, 1856. His literary 
educational discipline was received in the 
pu1)lic schools of his native city, which he 
attended until embarking in his business ca- 
reer. In 1878 he engaged in retailing feed 
and grain, succeeding his brother in that 
calling at Irvington and continuing in the 
same up to 1884, when he disposed of his 
interests and moved to Newark, there join- 
ing G. D. Drake in the milling business on 
Halsey street. This partnership was suc- 
cessfully conducted until 1892, when our 
subject, as a member of the firm of Drake 
& Company, established their large feed and 
grain house of Poinier street, and there they 
carry on one of the most important con- 
cerns of its kind in the city. Mr. Drake is 
a man of extensive experience and execu- 
tive ability, with which are combined those 
qualities that make the successful business 
man, and in consequence he is one of the 
prosperous and progressive residents of his 
home city, where he stands high in the re- 
gard and esteem of all with whom he comes 
in contact. 

On October i, 1879, Mr. Drake was 



united in marriage to Miss Marian Wade, 
daughter of Isaac O. Wade, a carpenter and 
builder of Irvington, and a descendant of 
one of the old families of that locality, and 
they are the parents of these children: Edna 
A., Imogene, Elias Arthur, Nathaniel, Jr., 
and Jannett. 

In his political affiliations our sul)ject is a 
stanch Democrat, but has not the inclina- 
tion of becoming an active worker in the 
field, either local or state, being content to 
cast his free ballot, thereupon considering 
his political duty ended. In his social 
relations he is a popular member of the 
Royal Arcanum. 



P. M. MEGARO, M. D. 

Under the blue skies of Italy, in the lit- 
tle village of Calabritto, near the city of 
Naples, Dr. Megaro was born, on the 15th 
of April, 1866. To-day he is numbered 
among the most able physicians and sur- 
geons of Newark, where he has a very ex- 
tensive practice among his countrymen. 
He is a son of Got taiKj- Megaro, a real-es- 
tate dealer, who is still living in his native 
Italy. In the town of his birth the Doctor 
was reared, and his early education, ac- 
quired in the common school, was supple- 
mented by a five-years course in the gym- 
nasium college. Later he continued his edu- 
cation in the lyceum, and while still very 
young he entered the Royal University of 
Naples, where he pursued a six-years 
course in medicine and surgery, and was 
graduated in the class of 1893. Immediately 
thereafter he was appointed to a position in 
the military hospital at Florence, where he 
held the rank of lieutenant, but discharged 
the duties of surgeon. 

In January, 1894, Dr. Megaro came to 



262 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



the United States and opened an office at 
No. 152 Central avenue, Newark, where he 
remained for a period of three years, com- 
ing to his present location at No. 320 High 
street, in 1896. Upon coming to this coun- 
try he creditably passed the examination 
before the board of medical examiners of 
New York state. He speaks the French, 
Italian and English languages and is a gen- 
tleman of broad general culture and schol- 
arly attainments. He now holds a mem- 
bership in the Essex District Medical So- 
ciety and the American Medical Associa- 
tion, and is an e.xpert surgeon, possessing 
superior skill in that department of the pro- 
fession. His practice is extensive and his 
comprehensive and thorough understand- 
ing of the science of medicine and surgery 
makes him one of the most competent 
members of the profession in the city. His 
fellow practitioners freely accord him a 
leading place in their ranks, and his pleas- 
ant, courteous manner has gained him 
many friends among them. In politics he 
is a Republican. 



WILLIAM B. GARRABRANTS, 

one of the leading manufacturers of New- 
ark, and a member of the board of alder- 
men in that city, was born at Washington 
Heights, New York city, on the 2d of April, 
1854, the son of William B. and Harriet 
(Laves) Garrabrants. At the age of two 
years he was brought to Newark by his par- 
ents and here received his literary education 
in the public schools. Before he was twen- 
ty-one years old, such was his ambition to 
become independent, he engaged in busi- 
ness for himself in the butter trade, and six 
years later he embarked in the grocery busi- 
ness, continuing in the same for a period 



of fifteen years. Following this he became 
associated, as manager, with the Standard 
Brick Company, the factories of which are 
located at Mountain View, New Jersey, and 
in this line of endeavor he has since con- 
tinued, meeting with merited success, his 
industry, high integrity of character and 
honesty of purpose inspiring the greatest 
confidence in all those with whom he has 
dealings of a business nature. 

Politically considered Mr. Garrabrants 
has been a strong advocate of Republican 
princi]>les from the time he was first per- 
mitted to cast a ballot, and he has given his 
unflagging support to the policies adopted 
by that party. In the spring of 1897 he was 
elected to the board of aldermen from the 
second ward and was appointed a member 
of the committees on hospitals and the New- 
ark City Home. In his social relations Mr. 
Garral)rants is a member of St. Alban's 
Lodge, F. & A. M., in which he is actively 
interested. He is an adherent of the Halsey 
Street Methodist church and is a faithful 
worker in all matters pertaining thereto. 

In 1877, on the 25th of January, was con- 
summated the marriage of Mr. Garra- 
brants to Miss Lizzie Ida Gardner, a daugh- 
ter of Elijah R. Gardner, of Newark, and of 
the five children born to them the follow- 
ing three are living: Elizabeth, William 
and May. 

William B. Garrabrants, the father of our 
subject, was born in New York city, and 
came to Newark to reside in 1856. He was 
a builder and contractor on a large scale 
while living in New York, but upon moving 
to this city he gave up active business and 
partially retired. He was a stanch Union 
man during the war of the Rebellion, but 
was refused enlistment on account of his 
age. He departed this life in 1870. Mrs. 



E^'^SEX COUNTY. 



263 



Garrabrants was born in Somersetshire, 
England, and came to this country wiien 
twenty years old. She was a devout mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church, and 
in that faith she was called to her eternal 
rest in 1872. Seven children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Garrabrants, only two of 
whom sur\-ive — our subject, and a daugh- 
ter, who is now Mrs. George E. Webber. 
Her husband is a prominent elevator manu- 
facturer. 



WILLIAM H. DE WITT 

is now living retired in JNlontclair, enjoy- 
ing the rest which is the fitting crown of 
many years of useful labor. His life, though 
unpretentious and quiet, is an object lesson 
of real value to the observing and thought- 
ful. It brings out prominently the charac- 
teristics that win, offers encouragement to 
young men who are willing to work with 
their minds and hands, and affords another 
proof of the familiar adage that there is no 
royal road to wealth or distinction in this 
republic. The achievement depends upon 
the man. Earnest, persistent labor, unflag- 
ging perseverance and honorable dealing 
have brought to him a comfortable compe- 
tence and numbered him among the sub- 
stantial citizens of Montclair. 

Mr. DeWitt was born in Orange county, 
New York, near Port Jervis, December 24, 
1849, and is a son of James and Mary 
(Carr) DeWitt. His parents were natives 
of Deckertown, Sussex county, New Jer- 
sey, in which locality the ancestors of the 
DeWitt family, emigrating from Holland, 
located at a very early day. The grand- 
father. Peter DeWitt, was numbered among 
the first settlers of the county, and took an 
active part in its development. The ma- 



ternal grandfather of our subject was Rob- 
ert Carr. Both Mr. and Mrs. James De- 
Witt, now deceased, passed their lives upon 
a farm, and by their upright lives won the 
respect of all who knew them. 

William H. DeWitt acquired the greater 
]5art of his education in Deckertown, New 
Jersey, but afterward attended school at Port 
Jervis, New York. His mother died when 
he was about twelveyears of age and he was 
early thrown upon his own resources, so 
that he has become a self-made man. his 
success being the outcome of his own ef- 
forts. At the age of sixteen he entered 
upon an apprenticeship at the carpenter's 
trade under Darius Rhodes, of Port Jervis, 
and after completing his term worked with 
that man until twenty years of age, when he 
began business on his own account, as a 
contractor and builder. He followed that 
vocation for a quarter of a century, during 
which time he never took a vacation, but 
with unremitting zeal and energy applied 
himself to his work and made steady ad- 
vancement. He erected many of the finest 
residences in Montclair, together with 
many substantial business blocks, churches, 
school-houses and club-houses, which stand 
as monuments to his handiwork and his bus- 
iness ability. His fidelity to the terms of a 
contract, his promptness and honorable 
dealing, secured to him a very liberal pa- 
tronage and brought to him good, substan- 
tial returns. For the past ten years he has 
dealt considerably in real estate, building 
houses, both for sale and rent, and still has 
considerable desirable realty. The rental 
from his houses yields to him a good income 
and enables him to lay aside the more ardu- 
ous duties of business life. 

In 1870 Mr. DeWitt was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mary Hornbeck, of Port Jer- 



264 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



vis, New York, a daughter of Lewis and 
Lydia (Stanton) Hornbeck. She was born 
in the city where her marriage was cele- 
brated, but was principally reared and edu- 
cated in Orange, New York. Her mother 
was a native of Sullivan county, of the Em- 
pire state. Three children grace the union 
of our subject and his wife: Sarah A., 
Charles I., who is now a student in Amherst 
College, and William H., Jr. 

Mr. DeWitt votes the Republican ticket 
on state and national questions, but at local 
elections where no national issue is in- 
volved, takes into consideration the quali- 
fications of the candidates and casts his bal- 
lot accordingly. Pinehurst, his fine home, 
is a beautiful and commodious modem res- 
idence, standing in the midst of a beautiful 
lawn, ornamented with native forest trees 
and pines. Their warm-hearted hospitality 
places the many guests at their ease and 
has made F'inehurst the center of a cul- 
tured societv circle. 



WILLIAM A. GAY. 

A leading representative of industrial 
circles in Newark. Mr. Gay is also prom- 
inently connected with the social, moral 
and aesthetic development of the city, — in- 
terests which tend to produce well rounded 
characters and make of a locality not mere- 
ly a business center but also the abode of 
those things which cultivate man's better 
and higher nature. A large circle of friends 
hold him in the highest esteem, and he 
well deserx'es mention in the history of 
Essex county. 

Mr. Gay was born in Rondout. New 
York, January 4. 1841, and is a son of 
Thomas and Salome (Johnson) Gay. In 
1845 the father removed with his family to 



Newark, where he continued to make his 
home until his death, which occurred in 
1890. His wife passed away the same year. 
In England, the country of his nativity, he 
learnetl the ship-carpenter's trade, and in 
that capacity he followed the sea for sev- 
eral years. After locating in Newark he en- 
gaged in the roofing business for an ex- 
tended period and was accounted one of 
the progressive, enterprising men of the 
city. His political support was given the 
Whig party until its dissolution, when he 
joined the ranks of the new Republican 
party. He was elected and served for two 
terms as a member of the county board of 
freeholders, discharging his duties with 
marked fidelity. One of the founders of 
the Trinity Methodist Episcopal church, 
he served as a member of the board of 
trustees until his death and took a very 
active part in its work. Of quiet and unas- 
suming manner, he never sought public 
honors, but his sterling worth won him 
recognition wherever he went. While re- 
siding in New York he was one of the 
pioneers in the cement business, supplying 
cement for the Croton aqueduct, which was 
built in 1842. The English home of the 
Gay family was in Devonshire, where those 
of the name have resided through a very 
long period. They were millers, and the 
old mill which has been in the family for 
several generations, is still standing. The 
maternal grandfather of our subject. An- 
thony Johnson, was the owner of extensive 
stone quarries in Derbyshire, England, and 
on coming to this country he located in 
Brooklyn, where he carried on the stone 
business that since his death has been con- 
ducted by his sons Anthony and Matthew. 
Mr. and Mrs. Gay were the parents of the 
following named children : Mrs. Judith A. 




WILLIAM A. GAY 



THE 
NEW YORK 

i'publ;c library 1 

\<Astor,Lencx and Tlldsn 
foundations. 

ISO) 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



265 



Kinsey, of Newark: Mattliew T., president 
of the Blancliard Brothers & Lane Patent 
Leather Company, of Newark; and Airs. 
Mary S. Devhn, of Newark. 

W'ilHani A. Gay was only four years of 
age when brought by his parents to this 
city, and he acquired his education princi- 
pally in the Newark Wesleyan Listitute and 
later in a short course in a boarding-school 
of Montclair. At an early age he joined his 
father in the roofing business and is still en- 
gaged in that enterprise. His headquar- 
ters are at the corner of New and Norfolk 
streets, and he is now enjoying an excellent 
patronage by reason of his excellent work- 
manship, his well directed efforts and his 
honorable business methods. 

Mr. Gay has been twice married. In 
New York city, in 1862, he wedded Miss 
Mary E. Crane, a daughter of Horace 
Crane, and to them were born three chil- 
dren : T. Elmer, who for seven years was 
with the Prudential Insurance Company 
and was for two years in charge of the Vir- 
ginia Insurance Company, at Richmond, 
then took charge of the American Insur- 
ance Company of Philadelphia : he served 
for six years as secretary of the United 
States Industrial Insurance Company, at 
Newark, and is now manager of the Indus- 
trial branch of the Pacific Mutual Insurance 
Company, of San Francisco, California, one 
of the best known insurance companies of 
this country; Matilda A., who is the wife of 
C. B. Hoyt, of Bridgeport, Connecticut; 
and Mary E.. who is at home. The wife 
and mother died in 1878, and Mr. Gay was 
again married, this second union being with 
Mary F. Clammon, of Orange, New Jersey. 

Mr. Gay is deeply interested in all that 
pertains to the welfare and advancement of 
Newark, and in addition to his roofing busi- 



ness he is a member of the City Board of 
Trade and the Builders & Traders' Ex- 
change. He exercises his right of franchise 
in support of the men and measures of the 
Republican party. In 1895 he was elected 
a member of the board of education from 
the eleventh ward, and in that year was ap- 
pointed chairman of the school-house com- 
mittee, having in charge the erection of 
new school buildings. Since 1896 he has 
served as president of the board of edu- 
cation antl has taken an active part in the 
formation and establishment of the present 
revised school system of Newark, which has 
largely advanced the grade of the schools in 
the city, and which is unsurpassed by any 
system in the entire state. He is deeply in- 
terested in all matters pertaining to the edu- 
cational advancement of the young and his 
labors have been most effective and valu- 
able. 

In social affairs Mr. Gay is also prom- 
inent. For many years he has been a mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows. In 1873 he joined St. John's Lodge, 
No. I, F. & A. M., and in 1889-90 was 
Worshipful Master of the lodge. He is also 
a member of Lhiion Chapter, R. A. M., of 
Kane Council, R. & S. M., and of Damas- 
cus Commandery. K. T. In 1896 he served 
as grand marshal of the most worthy grand 
lodge of New Jersey. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men and was master of Success Lodge, but 
withdrew from that organization in order 
to assist in the organization of Newark 
Lodge, of which he was a charter member 
and the first master. Mr. Gay is not only 
an ardent lover of music but is endowed 
with superior talents as a performer, and 
since twelve years of age he has served 
as organist in different prominent churches, 



266 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



both in Newark and Orange. He is a mem- 
ber of the Lincoln Club, and in all circles 
is very popular: his genial manner and 
kindly disposition, as well as his musical 
talents, make him a social favorite. 



FRANK W. -MEEKER, 

who is extensively engaged in farming and 
dairying in Millburn township, is a business 
man of much ability and force of character, 
who, starting out in life for himself witliout 
capital, has steadily w^orked his way upward 
until he is the possessor of a valuable prop- 
erty which yields to him a good income. 

Born in Millburn township, March 30, 
1858, Mr. Meeker is a worthy representa- 
tive of a family whose identification with 
Essex county covers a long period, but 
back ot that the ancestry can be traced to 
the Emerald Isle, where was born Timothy 
Meeker, the founder of the family in Amer- 
ica, who took up his residence near Spring- 
field, New Jersey, prior to the war of the 
Revolution. With his nine sons and two 
sons-in-law he participated in the struggle 
for independence and valiantly battled for 
the nation's rights. Few families can show 
so honorable a record. Isaac Meeker, his 
son, married a Miss McChesney, and reared 
three sons and four daughters, namely: 
Samuel, Oliver, Timothy, Mary, Ann, 
Nancy and Jerusha. Isaac Meeker followed 
farming as a life occupation and died when 
about seventy years of age. 

Samuel Meeker, the grandfather of our 
subject, was born in 1797, on the old home- 
stead in Livingston township, where oc- 
curred the birth of our subject, and married 
Hannah, daughter of David Meeker, who 
was a native of Millburn and his relative. 
David Meeker was the father of four chil- 
dren, threeof whom reached years of matur- 



ity — Elias, Betsey and Hannah, while Lu- 
cinda died at the age of eighteen years. 
Samuel Meeker followed farming in Living- 
ston township during his active life and died 
at the home of his son, Samuel Harvey, 
June 8, 1878. His wife passed away some 
years previously, at the age of sixty-five 
years. They were members of the North- 
field Baptist church, and in politics the 
grandfather was a Whig until the organiza- 
tion of the Republican party, when he 
joined its ranks. His famil}- included the 
following named children: Eunice, de- 
ceased wife of Sampson Sharp; Enoch, de- 
ceased; 01i\'er, who has also passed away; 
Samuel Harvey and Isaac. 

The father of our subject, Samuel Har- 
vey Meeker, was born on the old home- 
stead in Livingston township, March 3, 
1824, and when eleven years of age started 
out to make his own way in the world. He 
was employed as a farm hand until twenty- 
seven years of age, and in September, 1852, 
purchased the farm upon which our subject 
now resides, the land at that time being 
heavily timbered. This he cleared and im- 
proved, successfully carrying on farming 
for a long period. He was married in 1855 
to Miss Dorcas Almira Williams, a native of 
West Orange, and a daughter of Daniel S. 
Williams. Of the children born by this 
union, four died in childhood. Among the 
children were: Cora; Matilda, who married 
Joseph Condit, of Orange Valley; Frank; 
Ira: and Ada, wife of Joseph Ranibeck. 
Their mother died February 4, 1876, at the 
age of forty-five years, and Mr. Meeker 
was afterward married again, his second 
union being with Miss Rachel Frances Jen- 
nings, a daughter of David M. and Rachel 
(Burnett) Jennings. In his political views 
he is a Republican. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



267 



Frank W. ^Meeker, whose name intro- 
duces this article, was l)orn and reared on 
the old homestead and is indebted to the 
common schools of the neighborhood for 
his educational privileges. On attaining 
his majority he established a retail milk 
route in Orange and South Orange. This 
he conducted for a time from the old home- 
stead, but about 1880 purchased fifty-three 
acres of land in Livingston township, and 
at the same time rented the farm upon 
which he now resides. Two years later he 
purchased this place and now has one hun- 
dred and fifty acres of fine land, particu- 
larly well adapted for pasturage, a very im- 
portant essential in connection with the 
dairy business. He also has well tilled fields, 
and raises considerable grain, which he 
feeds to the stock. He is now engaged in 
the wholesale and retail dairy business in 
Orange and South Orange, and his arrange- 
ments for caring for his products are among 
the best in the county. His barns are 
models of convenience, one having a very 
large floor space, while another barn has 
a capacity of one hundred and fifty tons of 
hay. He also has a fifteen-horse-power en- 
gine and boiler for steaming and cutting 
feed and cleaning cans and bottles. All the 
arrangements are most complete and per- 
fect, and the products of the dairy find a 
ready sale on the market. 

Mr. Meeker was married March 20, 1882, 
to Miss Laura L. McChessney.a daughter of 
the late Hugh McChessney,a farmer of Mill- 
burn township, who married Sarah F. Col- 
lins. They were the parents of twelve chil- 
dren. By her marriage Mrs. Meeker has be- 
come the mother of eight children: Fred 
H., Laura A.. Sada, Grace, Edna, who died 
at the age of seventeen months, Harvey, 
Ada and Ruth. 



Mr. Meeker has taken quite an active 
part in political affairs and has served on the 
township committee and lioard of educa- 
tion. His vote supports the men and meas- 
ures of the Republican party. He is a mem- 
ber of the Patrons of Husbandry, and he 
and his wife hold membership in the North- 
field Baptist clnuxh, of which he is now 
serving as trustee. 



C. DURAXD CHAPMAN, 

at his beautiful home in Irvington, exercises 
in the art of painting, the talent which has 
gained him eminence among America's 
most famed artists and enables him to per- 
petuate on the canvas the beauty of the 
passing moment. The love of nature, the 
appreciation of harmony in color and form, 
the strong powers of imagination which 
look beyond the exterior to the soul and 
spirit within, the sensitiveness to beauty 
even in the humble scenes and walks of life 
which are found in the composition of every 
true artist, are his. It is the possession of 
these attributes which has gained hmi dis- 
tinction in the high calling to wdiich his life 
is devoted and which enables him to bring 
before the world the loveliness of animate 
and inanimate creation which is not recog- 
nized by the majority of mankind. New 
Jersey may well be proud to number him 
among her native sons, and Irvington ac- 
counts him one of her valued citizens. 

Mr. Chapman was born in Essex county, 
September 2Ti, 1856, and is the son of the 
late Rev. John L. Chapman, a noted edu- 
cator, divine and author, who died July 2y, 
1890. He was born in Ireland and was of 
Norman-French descent. His birth oc- 
curred in 181 2, and a few years later he 
came to the United States, where he was 



268 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



educated, being graduated in a theological 
seminary in New York cit_\-. Having de- 
termined to devote his life to his fellow men 
through the avenue of the ministry, he took 
up his residence in Irvington soon after his 
marriage and founded the First Reformed 
church of that place. He was also the foun- 
der of the Home Institute, a training school 
for young people, which flourished in Irv- 
ington for some years, and Ijecame one of 
the prominent institutions of learning in the 
state. He closed his work there about the 
beginning of the war and went abroad, be- 
ing absent for a year. Upon his return he 
was tendered the position of president of 
the Wetmore Institute, in Irving, Kansas, 
and for three years was at the head of the 
faculty, after which he came again to New 
Jersey. In a short time, however, he re- 
turned to Kansas, and for two years was 
pastor of a church in Troy. The remain- 
der of his useful, active and honorable life 
was passed at his pleasant home in Irving- 
ton, where he continued his labors for 
mankind, leaving behind him a memory 
that is a lilessed benediction to all who 
knew him. During his earlier residence in 
Irvington he formed the acquaintance of 
Dr. Vincent, then pastor of the Methodist 
church there, who became a student in the 
Home Institute, of which Rev. Chapman 
was then the head. Their friendshij) and 
association led to the ultimate initiation of 
the Chautauqua movement, wiiich has made 
Dr. Vincent famous throughout the entire 
country. Dr. Chapman was also associated 
with Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage m the 
Brooklyn Tabernacle, and in the Brooklvn 
Lay College, a theological school. He, was 
also the author of a system of text-books, 
published by D. Appleton & Company, and 
his life was devoted to the improvement of 



the mental and spiritual condition of the 
race. He was married to Miss Jane B. Du- 
rand, daughter of Cyrus Durand (the en- 
graver and inventor) and a niece of the 
famous American artist, Asher B. Durand. 
They had three sons, — Chalmers D., an 
Episcopal minister, S. W. and C. Durand. 

Mr. Chapman, of this review, acquired his 
literary education in Stephens' Institute, in 
Hoboken, New Jersey, and then turned his 
attention to the study of art. Early in his 
boyhood he manifested a love of painting 
and ga\e evidence of the talents he pos- 
sessed by excellent freehand drawing. He 
became a stutlent in the National Academy 
of Design, in New York city, where, at the 
age of twenty-two years he was graduated 
with honorable mention. Among his fellow 
pupils there were Henry P. Roor,B. R. Fitz, 
Fred \V. Kost and Ed A. Bell. Mr. Chap- 
man was also graduated in a night class in 
Cooper Institute about the same time he 
completed his studies in the National Acad- 
emy of Design. He then opened a studio in 
Tenth street. New York, where he re- 
mained for three years, when, wishing to 
still further perfect himself in his art, he 
went abroad and studied in Munich and in 
Paris. In the latter city he was a student 
in the Corman school, under the instruc- 
tion of Fernando Corman and Benjamin 
Constant. 

Returning to America in 1885, after two 
years' al)sence, he opened a studio in New- 
wark and one in Irvington, and has since 
devoted himself to painting and illustrat- 
ing. In 1896 he was in England in the ca- 
pacity of art writer anil illustrator for the 
magazine jniblished by the Prudential In- 
surance Company. In the intervals of his 
study while in Europe he produced several 
jiaintings of considerable merit, including 



ESSEX COUNTY 



269 



"Mine Ease in Mine Inn," and "Reverie," 
the latter exliihitetl in the Paris salon. 
Anionghis notable canvases in Boston, New 
York and Newark are "Reveries of a Bache- 
lor," "In Disgrace," ''Come In," "The Old 
Clarinette," "Eventide" and "Old Chums." 
Mr. Chapman delights in rendering quaint 
interiors, in which are figures, all having the 
atmosphere of homely comfort and old- 
fashioned cheer. 

As a painter of still life, he has heen pro- 
nounced liy leading critics to be without 
a superior in this country. He is well known 
as a designer of strong imaginative powers 
and an illustrator in black and white, and is 
also a very successful instructor in the art 
of painting and drawing, being now profes- 
sor in drawing in the anticjue classes for 
ladies at the "Evening Drawing School" 
in Irvington. He belongs to the American 
Art Society and the Newark Sketch Club, 
and is very prominent and popular in art 
circles. 

On the loth of December, i8go, Mr. 
Chapman wedded Miss Carrie A. Hol- 
brook, daughter of A. M. Holl)rook, of 
NcAvark. They have one child, John Hol- 
brook Chapman. Their beautiful home is 
the center of a cultured society circle, and 
the high artistic taste of the owner is indi- 
cated in its adornment. 



JULIUS STEFFENS, 

in the conduct of a large and constantly 
growing business, has acquired a handsome 
competence and is now living retired in the 
enjoyment of the fruits of his former toil. 
The attributes of the successful business 
man are his. He possesses great energy, 
strong determination, resolute purpose and 
above all, that most essential factor, good 



common sense, and from small beginnings 
he developed a lousiness which extended 
into many foreign countries and brought 
him rich returns. His dealings were char- 
acterized by the utmost fairness, and it is 
this that places Mr. SteiTens aljove envy in 
his present comfortable financial condition. 

It is ever of interest to note the progress 
of one who has risen from humble sur- 
roundings and to mark the jiath that he 
has followed to the goal of prosperity. Mr. 
Steffens entered upon the scene of his 
earthly acti\-ities as a native son of Prussia, 
November 4, 1829. His father, John 
Henry Steffens, born in i//(\ was a silk 
manufacturer, and two of his sons are still 
leading business men of Elberfeldt. Prussia, 
their old family home. 

Our subject was reared in the place of 
his nativity, and while pursuing the regular 
educational course also completed a course 
in chemistry, which in after years he put 
to practical use in experimenting in the 
manufacture of varnish. Just at the time 
when he was about to enter business life 
he was brought face to face with the govern- 
ment on the charge of being a revohitionist, 
having taken part in the attempted revolu- 
tion of 1848, which failed, and as that of- 
fense was punishable with a long and severe 
sentence, he chose to avoid such conse- 
quences and fled to the United States. He 
landed in New York in October, 1852, and 
here in tlie "land of the free" he has not 
only found political liberty, but has also 
taken advantage of the opportunities af- 
forded each man to utilize to the full his 
business powers in legitimate channels of 
endeavor and win the success which ever 
awaits honorable, persistent effort. 

Mr. Steffens readily secured work from 
Daniel Tiernan & Company, extensive 



270 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



color manufacturers of that city and re- 
mained in their employ for three years. 
Through the succeeding five years he was 
connected with the house of Reynolds, De- 
voe & Pratt, varnish-makers, after which 
he came to Newark and invested his capi- 
tal, which he had accumulated through in- 
dustry and economy, in a business of his 
own on Vesie street. There he engaged in 
the manufacture of varnish and operated his 
factory until eight years ago, when he sold 
out and laid aside the care of business life. 
He enjoyed a constantly increasing trade 
and was frequently obliged to enlarge his fa- 
cilities in consequence thereof. His patron- 
age came from all sections of this country, 
also from England, South America and 
Mexico, and the volume of his lousiness as- 
sumed gigantic proportions and brought to 
him a handsome income. 

In his political views Mr. Steffens is a 
stalwart Republican, who warmly advocates 
the principles of his party. He was elected 
a member of the city council from the tenth 
ward, filling that office at the time when 
Judge Ricord was mayor, and was a stanch 
friend of the chief magistrate in his oppo- 
sition to the granting of a franchise for the 
Nicholson pavement in this city. 

Mr. StefTens is a man of domestic tastes 
who finds his greatest happiness at his own 
fireside, and it seems that he cannot do too 
much to promote the happiness and en- 
hance the welfare of his family. He was 
married in New York city, in 1853, to Miss 
Sophie Snetzer, daughter of John Snetzer, 
a native of Baden, Germany. Four chil- 
dren grace this union, namely: Julius, 
Augustus T., a manufacturer of saddlery 
hardware in Newark; and Julia and Sophie 
both married. Mr. Stefifens has traveled 
extensively during the past twenty years 



and his wife is always his preferred travel- 
ing companion. He has visited many 
points of beauty and of interest in the 
United States and Canada, has journeyed 
through the West Indies, has seen most of 
the principal cities of Europe and contem- 
plates a trip to the Sandwich islands. He 
takes great delight in viewing nature's love- 
liness as well as the marvelous works of 
man, and has a broad general intelligence 
which onlv travel can bring. 



HENRY B. HALSEY, 

a dealer in lumber, coal and masons' mate- 
rials at South Orange, was born in Madison, 
New Jersey, February 5, 1854, being a lineal 
descendant of Thomas Halsey, one of the 
founders of the town of South Hampton, 
Long Island, in 1640 — -this being the first 
English town in the state of New York. 
His father. Major Thomas J. Halsey, was 
born in Flanders, Morris county, and was a 
son of Henry Halsey, a native of Southamp- 
ton, Long Island, and a grandson of David 
Fithian Halsey, who was a captain in the 
Revolutionary war, also born on Long Is- 
land. Henry Halsey was the first of the 
family to locate in New Jersey, and at Flan- 
ders he established a tannery, which he car- 
ried on for a number of years, after which he 
removed to Ohio, dying at Marseilles, that 
state, at the age of about sixty-five years. 
His wife, who bore the maiden name of Eliz- 
abeth Corwin, lielonged to a family that 
removed from Long Island to New Jersey 
at a ver}- early day. The grandfather of our 
subject served as a captain in the state mi- 
litia and was an elder in the Presbyterian 
church. 

Major Thomas J. Halsey was reared in 
Flanders. His educational privileges were 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



271 



limited, but he was a young man of great 
natural ability, which made up for his lack 
of school training. When a young man he 
went to Ohio, where he followed various 
business enterprises. After a few years, 
however, he returned to New Jersey, where 
he engaged in operating a canal boat for a 
short time. He then went to Madison, 
where he was employed as station agent 
for the Morris & Essex Railroad Company 
for about two years, after which he was 
transferred to Dover, where he remained 
until the breaking out of the civil war. 

When the south attempted to overturn 
the Union he raised Company E, Eleventh 
New Jersey Infantry, 1862, and as its cap- 
tain went to the front, and at Chancellors- 
ville he was severely wounded in the right 
thigh, which disabled him for active duty 
for a time. As soon as possible he rejoined 
his regiment, having been promoted as 
Major, and participated in the Grant cam- 
paign until captured on June 22, 1864, dur- 
ing the siege of Petersburg. He was con- 
fined in the prisons of Libby at Richmond, 
Virginia, Macon, Georgia, Charleston and 
Columbia, South Carolina, and Charlotte, 
North Carolina, and exchanged March i, 
1865. He then rejoined his regiment at 
Richmond, and was with his command until 
mustered out at the close of the war. 

Major Halsey then returned to his old 
position as station agent at Dover, and was 
soon after tendered the position of purchas- 
ing agent for coal and wood for the Morris 
& Essex Railroad, in which capacity he 
served until that road became a part 
of the Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern system. He remained with the 
latter company as wood and tie agent 
for several years and was then made 
dispatcher at Port Morris, but after a 



short time he resigned in order to engage in 
the lumber business at Dover, where he re- 
mained until 1876, when he sold out and es- 
tablished a grocery store at Hackettstown. 
After two years he disposed of that proper- 
ty and removed to Holden, Johnson county, 
Missouri, where he carried on farming for 
some years, and, selling the farm, he con- 
ducted a hardware store for about one year. 
On the expiration of that period he re- 
turned to the grocery business, which he 
continued until his death, January 20, 1893. 
Wliile residing in Dover he was a mem- 
ber of the first city council and was a promi- 
nent and influential citizen. 

In 185 1 Major Halsey married Miss 
Sarah Elizabeth Burt,of Succasunna Plains. 
New Jersey, a daughter of Job Burt, who 
was a representative of one of the old fami- 
lies of this state. They became the parents 
of nine children, two of whom died in in- 
fancy, while five sons and one daughter are 
still living. The parents were members of 
the Presbyterian church. The mother still 
survives her husband and makes her home 
in Holden, Missouri. The Major was at 
one time a member of the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, and in all the relations 
of life was true and faithful to the duties 
which devolved upon him. 

H. B. Halsey, whose name introduces this 
sketch, was reared in Dover until fifteen 
years of age, and acquired his early educa- 
tion in the public and private schools at 
Dover and at Deckertown, Blairstown and 
the Model School of Trenton. He passed 
an examination for West Point, but on ac- 
count of an injured arm could not enter the 
military school. He then entered upon his 
business career as ticket agent with the 
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Rail- 
road Company, at Dover, New Jersey, and 



272 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



later Ijecame a clerk for Beemer & Palmer, 
of Dover. Later he spent about a year in 
Texas, and then, returning to New Jersey, 
entered the employ of Gage & Halsey, of 
Dover, continuing with them for two years, 
when he became a student in the State Uni- 
versity at Cliampaign. Illinois. On leaving 
that institution he followed teaching 
through the following winter, and then re- 
turning to Dover resumed his old position 
with C. F. Gage & Company, his father hav- 
ing sold his interest in the firm, continuing 
with that firm until the business went into 
the hands of a receiver. He tlien aided in 
closing out the business, subsequently hav- 
ing entered the emplov of a lumber com- 
pany, and in August, 1879, went upon the 
road as traveling salesman, with headcjuar- 
ters at Newark. After a year's clerkship in 
Montclair, in the employ of F. F. Sayre & 
Company, he again entered the service of 
the Tobyhanna & Lehigh Lumber Com- 
pany, and a year later became salesman for 
J. S. H. Clark & Company, with whom he 
remained eight months. In 1890, in part- 
nership with J. Bayard Clark, he began 
dealing in coal, wood and masons' materials, 
under the firm name of H. B. Halsey & 
Company, and is now one of the enterpris- 
ing and successful business men of South 
Orange. 

Mr. Halsey was married in 1886 to Miss 
Sarah L. Harvey, a native of Morris county, 
and a daughter of Joseph P. Harvey of the 
same county. They have two children: 
Jeanette and Helen Elizabeth. Mr. Halsey 
belongs to the Masonic fraternity and the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, and is 
an ancient Odd Fellow. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Field Club. His political support 
is given the Republican party, and he has 
been an acceptable member of the town 



council twice, once by election and once by 
appointment of the board of trustees. 



RALPH BEERS, 

a machinist and dealer in bicycles, and a 
prominent and progressive young business 
man of East Orange, was born in Morris- 
town, Morris county. New Jersey, on the 
1 3th of August, 1868, and is a son of the late 
^Villiam and Harriet N. (Hoagland) Beers. 
Members of the Beers family were among 
the earliest settlers of New Jersey and 
were well known throughout Monmouth 
county, where most of the ancestors made 
their homes. W'illiam Beers was a native 
of Monmouth county, where he resided un- 
til 1845, following the vocation of farmer, 
and he was the first one to introduce the 
peach-growing industry into Monmouth 
county. In 1845 he moved to Morris 
county, where he became closely identified 
with the public affairs, was a member of 
the board of freeholders, and held other re- 
sponsible positions. Both he and his faith- 
ful wife were taken to their eternal rest in 
Morris county, after passing useful and well 
spent lives. They had two sons, James and 
Ralph. 

Ralph Beers passed his boyhood days 
upon the old farmstead, acquiring a good 
education in the public schools of the vicin- 
ity, and at the age of si.xteen years went 
to Morristown and learned the trade of ma- 
chinist, which vocation he has since fol- 
lowed, coming to East Orange in 1891 and 
establishing his present business, in which 
he has met with the success merited by his 
earnest efforts, diligence and strict integrity 
of character. 

In the social relations of life Mr. Beers 
is a member of East Orange Council, Royal 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



273 



Arcanum, and the Loyal Legion Benefit 
Society, of Newark. Politically considered 
he is a stanch Democrat, and in his relig- 
ious faith he is an adherent of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

On the 23d of September, 1889, Mr. 
Beers was united in marriage to Miss Anna 
Meslar, a daughter of William H. and 
Sarah Meslar, and of this union two chil- 
dren have been born, namely: Hattie, Janu- 
ary, 25, 1891, and Ruth, June 10, 1895. 



JOSEPH S. SUTPHEN, M. D., 

one of the well known members of the New- 
ark medical profession, with office and res- 
idence at No. 193 Orange street, was born 
in Somerset county. New Jersey, on the 
5th of April, 1839, and is a direct descend- 
ant of Dirck Van Zutphen, who came from 
Holland to the New World in 165 1 and 
took up his residence on Long Island. The 
Doctor's father, Peter Sutphen, was a na- 
tive of Somerset county, New Jersey, where 
he followed farming throughout his entire 
life, his death occurring in 1878. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Sarah 
Smith, and was also a native of Somerset 
county, passed to her final rest in the year 
1880. They had three sons and three 
daughters, but only two are now living, — 
the Doctor, and Arthur P., of Somerset 
county. 

Dr. Sutphen spent the early years of his 
life upon the home farm, acquiring his ed- 
ucation in the country schools and in Ches- 
ter Institute, where he pursued his studies 
for one term. In i860 he began the study 
of medicine with his brother, and after con- 
tinuing his reading for a few months en- 
tered the initiatory service of the govern- 
ment as hospital nurse in the United States 

ii— IS 



General Hospital, of Newark. He won the 
degree of M. D. in 1865 from the medical 
department of the New York University, 
and the same year located in his native 
county, where he opened an office and l)e- 
gan practice. There he continued until 
1870, adding to his technical knowledge a 
valual>le experience. After five years he 
came to Newark, opened an office and also 
established a drug store. He continued 
the dual work until 1894, wdien he disposed 
of the store in order to devote his entire 
time to his practice, which had grown to 
extensive proportions. He is doing an ex- 
cellent and profitable business and is one of 
the best informed members of the profes- 
sion in this city, being a close student who 
advances continually in connection with the 
progress that marks the science of medi- 
cine. He is a member of the Essex County 
Medical Society and the New Jersey State 
Medical Society. 

The Doctor is one of the recognized 
leaders of the Republican party in Essex 
county, well informed on the issues of the 
day and thoroughly in sympathy with the 
principles advocated by the party leaders. 
His worth and loyalty as a citizen are rec- 
ognized by his fellow townsmen, who, be- 
lieving in his fitness for civic lionors, have 
called him to a number of public offices. 
During the years 1878, 1879 and 1880 he 
represented his ward on the board of chosen 
freeholders of Essex county. In the latter 
part of 1880 he removed to Indiana, where 
he engaged in the drug business until 1884, 
when he returned to Newark. In 1891 he 
was elected a member of the board of edu- 
cation, serving one term and declining a re- 
nomination. In 1878 and again in 1892 he 
was the Republican nominee for the state 
legislature, but as the district is very 



274 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



strongly Democratic he failed of election. 
He has been a member of the county Re- 
publican committee for many years and his 
effective service has been of great value to 
the party. In 1896 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Newark board of aldermen 'rom 
the fifteenth ward and in that service has 
been the champion of all measures fcr the 
public good, for reform and for progiess. 

The Doctor was married in 1864 to Miss 
Harriet E., a daughter of the late Judge 
John Thatcher, of Newark. She died in 
1872, leaving three children, two of whom 
have since died. The surviving child is 
Minnie F., wife of Charles E. Scott, of 
Sheridan, Indiana. In September, 1873, 
Dr. Sutphen was again married, his second 
union being with Miss Margaret Cairns, of 
Newark, a granddaughter of Samuel Cairns, 
Sr. They now have one daughter, Cora, 
eleven years of age. 



HARRY FIRTH, 

one of the leading architects of Orange, 
New Jersey, is a native of England and 
traces his ancestry back to the Isle of Man. 
John Firth, his grandfather, was born and 
passed his life on that isle. He was never 
engaged in any active business, but lived 
the life of a retired gentleman. His chil- 
dren numbered four. Harriet, his eldest 
child, now deceased, was the wife of John 
W. Naylor, one of the largest iron founders 
in Great Britain; the next in order of birth 
was Marrion; George is deceased; and 
William, the youngest, is the father of our 
subject. William Firth was born and reared 
on the Isle of Man. When a young man he 
located in Bradford, England, where he en- 
gaged in the manufacture of woolen goods 
and where he is still carrying on business, 



now ]:)eing ranked with the largest manu- 
facturers of England. Hemarried Miss Jane 
Pullan, and their union has been blessed in 
the birth of eleven children, namely: Eliza- 
beth, widow of Walter Kirby, who was a 
woolen manufacturer of Bradford, is the 
mother of two children; Samuel P., a retired 
citizen of Devonshire, England, married 
Miss Emily Walmsley; Annie is the wife of 
Gilbert Hay, a wine merchant of Sheffield, 
England; Louisa, wife of Mr. Hicks, resides 
at Great Neck, Long Island, New York; 
Herbert, a prominent lawyer of London, 
England, has a wife and seven children; 
Ada, wife of )rge Loverige, a broker re- 
siding in H. - •' igland; Thomas, a retired 
citizen of New York; John, living retired' in 
Orange, New Jersey, married Miss Emily 
Lasher of New York, and they are the 
parents of six children; Harry, whose name 
heads this sketch, and Hettie and Amy, at 
their parental home. 

Harry Firth was born in Bradford, Eng- 
land, February 26, 1862, and in his native 
land spent the first twenty-one years of his 
life. His early training was in private 
schools at Bradford. He entered Thor- 
parch college in Yorkshire, England, where 
he pursued and completed a theological 
course; however, he never entered the min- 
istry. He seemed to have a natural bent for 
architecture, and on leaving college entered 
the office of Lockwood & Mavvson, archi- 
tects of Bradford, where he remained until 
1883, the date of his coming to America. 
Upon his arrival in this country he located 
in East Orange, New Jersey, where he has 
since resided and enjoyed a prosperous 
Ijusiness. Many of the handsomest public 
buildings and private residences of the Or- 
anges have been built after his plans, all 
showing wonderful ingenuity as well as 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



275 



wide knowledge of available material and 
devices for comfort. 

A few years after coming to this country 
Mr. Firth was united in marriage, in Jersey 
City, to Miss Millie Warren, daughter of 
John and Mary (Sniffen) Warren, and 
great-great-granddaughter of the famous 
General Warren. They have two children, 
William Harrold, born in 1891, and Milton 
Warren, in 1893. 

Mr. Firth is a member of the Episcopal 
church, and politically he harmonizes with 
the Republican party. 



CHARLES H. FRINT, 

the popular and well known member of 
the firm of Smith & Frint, was born at 
West Kill, Greene county, New York, on 
the 2d of July, 1857, and is a son of Sydney 
D. and Julia F. (Dunham) Frint. Both 
paternal and maternal ancestors were of 
German stock, members of the family com- 
ing to America at an early date and settling 
in the state of New York. The grand- 
father of our subject was born at Bushnell- 
ville. New York, and there passed his en- 
tire life, engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
He married Dymity Lament and the fol- 
lowing three children were born to them: 
Sydney; Dymity, who married Justice 
Knowles; and Catherine, who became the 
wife of Henry Banker. Sydney and Cath- 
erine still survive, the latter of whom now 
resides near Rochester, New York. 

Sydney Frint was born at Bushnellville, 
New York, on the 5th of March, 1826, 
where his education was obtained in the 
district schools, after leaving which he se- 
cured a position with a large mercantile es- 
tablishment and was one of the pioneer 
traveling salesmen in the Empire state. To 



Mr. and Mrs. Frint were born six children, 
of whom the following record is given: 
Rose, who liecame the wife of the Rev. O. 
C. Crawford, a Congregational minister at 
present being located at Indian River, 
Kansas; Charles H., the subject of this 
review; DeWitt C, residing at Deer Lodge, 
Montana, where he is extensively engaged 
in cattle-raising; George B. is engaged in 
the drug business at Middletown, New 
York; John W. resides at Middletown and 
conducts a wholesale liquor establishment; 
and Frank M. lives in Newark and is in the 
employ of the Singer Sewing Machine 
Company. Mr. Frint is now a resident of 
Middletown, New York, where he has spent 
the past thirty years of his life. 

Charles H. Frint received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of Middle- 
town, supplemented by a course at the high 
school and academy, and after completing 
his studies he was for three years engaged 
in the retail shoe trade in Middletown and 
for the following thirteen years was as- 
sociated with L. E. Schoonmaker & Com- 
pany, wholesale boot and shoe dealers of 
New York city, being for eight years the 
traveling salesman for the house. In 1891 
he became a partner in the present business 
and is one of the leading and successful mer- 
chants in Newark. 

On the 20th of October, 1885, Mr. Frint 
was united in marriage to Miss Lena Sut- 
ton, a daughter of Louis and Lydia Sut- 
ton, of Warwick, Orange county. New 
York, and they became the parents of four 
children, namely: Lydia, born April 20, 
1888; Edna, October, 1889; Madaline, 
March 4, 1892; and Helen, July 14, 1893. 

In his political views Mr. Frint is a 
stanch Republican, and as to his religious 
predilections it may be sut^cient to state 



276 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



that he and his family attend the Episcopal 
church. 



DAVID A. DEPUE, LL. D. 

David Ayres Depue traces liis ancestry 
back to one of the earliest families of the 
country. The name has been variously 
spelled by writers of early American his- 
tory; first appearing as Depui, then as De- 
pue, and again as Depuis. The family prob- 
ably preceded William Penn to the Key- 
stone state. Samuel Depue, one of the 
early progenitors of the family in America, 
is spoken of, in 1730, by Nicholas Scull, a 
surveyor, as "the venerable Samuel Depui," 
and the settlement of Minesink, on the 
Delaware, where he lived, was founded be- 
fore William Penn made his appearance in 
America. Samuel Depui, when seen by 
Mr. Scull, was, doubtless, a man between 
sixty and seventy years of age; but whether 
he or his progenitor were among the orig- 
inal settlers of Minesink is not certain. 
He had a son named Nicholas, who was 
born in Minesink, about the year 1720, 
and who, when old enough, accompanied 
his father upon his making trips to Esophus 
— now Kingston, New York. At that 
place Nicholas Depuis, or "Nicholas De- 
puis, Esquire," as he was afterwards called, 
settled for a short time, and then returned 
to Minesink, where, in 1787, he was joined 
by Surveyor Scull, residing in "a spacious 
store in great plenty and afifluence." Mr. 
Scull speaks of him as "the amiable Nich- 
olas Depuis, Esquire." 

From notes on Budets' Account of Penn- 
sylvania and New Jersey, 1685, we find that 
"Nicholas Depuy, founder of the family, 
fled from France to Holland during the 
persecution of the Huguenots and came to 



America, with his brothers, Ephraim and 
Abraham, settling near Kingston, New 
York." 

Moses Depui, son of Nicholas, first, was 
one of the charter members of Rochester, 
New York, under the grant of Queen 
Anne, in 1703. He took the oath of al- 
legiance in Ulster county in 1728, his name 
is given among a "List of Commanding 
Officers, Milletery and Sivel, old officers 
and old men." Moses Depuy is also men- 
tioned as a member of assembly of Ulster 
county, 1752. 

These men were among the early ances- 
tors of Judge I^epue, the subject of this 
sketch. His great-grandfather, Benjamin 
Depue, served as a commissary during the 
war of the Revolution and married Cather- 
ine, daughter of Colonel Abraham Van 
Campen, a judge of the court of common 
pleas, of Sussex county. New Jersey, who 
lield office as colonel in the Colonial army. 
Abraham, son of Benjamin Depue was the 
grandfather of Judge Depue. Benjamin, 
son of Abraham, who carried down the 
name of his grandfather, Benjamin Depue, 
was the father of the subject of this sketch. 
Benjamin Depue resided at Mount Bethel, 
at which place he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Moses Ayres. Mrs. Benjamin 
Depue was known as a most estimable 
woman; to her careful training and influ- 
ence much of the success of the life of her 
son, the Judge, is attributable. 

To those who may not be uninterested in 
the history of this old family, the following 
notes are culled from various sources, ar- 
chives, ancient manuscripts and records 
of divers kinds. To such we give, in brief, 
these notes upon the Depuy family, in con- 
nection with the sketch of Judge David A. 
Depue, who is, as already stated, a descend- 





4^^^ 



THE 
'\'£W YORK „ 
-PUBLIC UDfiARYJ 



\ Astor, 



■enoxttiiriMeii 



foundations. 



isy; 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



277 



ant of Nicholas Depui mentioned in the be- 
ginning of this article. Nicholas Depui, 
who may be called the founder of the family 
in America, "sailed from Artois, on the ship 
Ourmerland Church and reached New 
York in October, 1662." He applied, in 
March, 1663, to the city authorities "for 
land, seed and six months' provisions." In 
June, 1665, he was sworn in as "Beer and 
Weigh-house poster." In 1674 we find him 
named in a list of "the wealthiest citizens," 
and he is upon record as "paying tax on six 
hundred floumes." He lived in what was 
known as De Markeveth, in the rear of the 
present Produce Exchange. His wife was 
Catherina Renard. Nicholas Depui's chil- 
dren were: John, born 1656; Moses, born 
1657; Joseph, born 1663; Aaron, born 
1664; Magdelene, born 1667; Susannah, 
born 1669; Nicholas, born 1670; Paulus, 
born 1675. 

Nicholas' will was proven July, 1691, and 
he left his property to his wife and surviv- 
ing children, John, Moses, Aaron, Susan- 
nah and Nicholas, "share and share alike." 
Some time before his death he had been 
granted a large tract of land, west of the 
Hudson to Ulster county; on this land his 
son Moses settled, probably before his fath- 
er's death. It is said of Moses, son of Nich- 
olas, that "he became the most prominent 
man in Ulster county." His wife was 
Marie, or Margaret, Wynkoop. His chil- 
dren were: Moses H., born 1691, married 
February 14, 171 6, to Margaret Schoon- 
macher; Benjamin, born 1695, married 
September 3, 1719, to Elizabeth Schoon- 
macher; Catherine, born 1701, married 
May 10, 1722, to Benjamin Schoonmacher; 
Jacobus, born 1703, married August 20, 
1725, to Sarah Schoonmacher; Cornelius, 
baptized 1688. The Schoonmachers were 



all children of Jacobus Schoonmacher of 
Kingston. Nicholas, 2d, probably went to 
Kingston with his brother Moses. 

Moses Depuy, born February 16, 1761, 
married, in 1780, Margaret Van Gorden, 
and lived near the Delaware Water Gap. 
His children were: Elizabeth C, born 
March 11, 1781, married Ichabod Baldwin; 
John C, born June 29, 1782, died in prison, 
in Canada, 1812; James C, born July 7, 
1784; David C, born June 5, 1786; Will- 
iam C, born December 7, 1790; Navery 
C, born December 7, 1790, married Chris- 
tian Beidleman; Elijah C, born Novem- 
ber 14, 1793; Samuel C, born March 14, 
1796, married Hannah Rewalt; Benjamin 
C, born July 16, 1799, married Betsy 
Smith of Wallpack, New Jersey; Delilah C, 
born August 19, 1801. James (3) married 
Jane De Witt, December 10, 1809, and 
went to live near Geneva, New York. 

Of the genealogical record of the Depue. 
family branch of which the subject of our 
sketch belongs we give the following table: 
Nicholas Depui, founder of the family in 
America, married Catherina Renard; 
Moses, born 1657, married Marie Wyn- 
koop; Benjamin, born 1695, married Eliza- 
beth Schoonmacher, September 13, 1719, 
died 1765; Abraham, born September 28, 
1765, married Susannah Hoffman, died Oc- 
tober 21, 1851; Benjamin, born September 
I, 1796, married Elizabeth Ayres, died June 
18, 1884; David Ayres, born October 27, 
1826, married, first, Mary V. Stuart, and 
second, Delia A. Slocum. 

We are indebted to Mrs. L. E. Schoon- 
macher, of Stone Ridge, New York, H. T. 
Depuy, of New York city, to the Colonial 
Archives of Pennsylvania, to the Records 
of the First Dutch Church of Kingston, 
New York, to the History of Kingston, 



278 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



New York, antl that of Sussex county, 
New Jersey, as well as to Mrs. David Law- 
rence Gregg, of Salt Lake City, for a tran- 
script from a family Bible in her possession, 
for the information furnished above. 

David Ayres Depue, son of Benjamin 
Depue and Elizabeth (Ayres) Depue, was 
born at Alount Bethel, Northampton coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, October 27, 1826. The 
Ayres family, to which Mrs. Benjamin De- 
pue belonged, is one of antiquity. Origin- 
ally, the name Ayres and Eyres were identi- 
cal, their origin is traced to a knight of the 
time of William the Conqueror. 

The preparatory education of David A. 
Depue, the subject of our sketch, was re- 
ceived at the school of Rev. John Vander- 
veer, D. D., a well known educator of his 
day, in Easton, Pennsylvania. Having at- 
tained a thorough academic training Mr. 
Depue entered the College of New Jersey 
at Princeton, New Jersey, where he was 
graduated in 1846. His parents had re- 
moved from Pennsylvania to Belvidere, 
New Jersey, in 1840, their son, therefore, 
immediately after graduation, commenced 
the reading of law in that place, entering, 
for that purpose, the office of John M. 
Sherrerd, who, for more than forty years, 
was a leader of the bar of northern New 
Jersey. 

After his admission to the bar Mr. Depue 
began his professional life in Belvidere, and 
laid for himself in that place, and during 
his early days as a practitioner, the founda- 
tion upon which has been built his subse- 
quent success and eminence at the bar and 
upon the bench. 

In 1866 he was appointed by Governor 
Marcus L. Ward as associate justice of the 
supreme court, and shortly afterward re- 
moved to Newark, Essex county, New Jer- 



sey, which county, together with Union 
county, was embraced in the circuit to 
which he was assigned. 

In 1873, on the expiration of this term, 
he was reappointed for a second term by 
Governor Joel Parker. He was again reap- 
pointed, in 1880, by Governor George B. 
McClellan, and, for the fourth and fifth 
terms, was appointed, in 1887, by Governor 
Green, and, in 1894, by Governor Werts. 

No comment is necessary upon these suc- 
cessive appointments, for each one speaks 
for itself. The recognition of fitness for 
one of the highest positions in the gift of 
the executive, by five governors, covering 
a period of over thirty years, is a testi- 
monial such as falls to the lot of few men. 
It is recorded of Judge Depue that "he 
took to the bench the very highest qualifi- 
cations for the most responsible office in 
the system of the state government, and 
his record, as judge, has been in harmony 
with his record as a man and a lawyer." In 
1874, together with Chief Justice Beasly 
and Hon. Cortlandt Parker, Judge Depue 
was appointed to revise the laws of New 
Jersey; a work which was completed to the 
great satisfaction of the bench and bar 
throughout the state. 

The degree of LL. D. was conferred up- 
on Judge Depue, in 1874, by Rutgers Col- 
lege, New Jersey, and, in 1880, the same de- 
gree was given to him by the College of 
New Jersey, at Princeton. 

In right accord with the dignity and em- 
inence of his position, the subject of our 
sketch is known as a man of broad culture 
and understanding, and as one whose out- 
look upon men and affairs is without per- 
sonal bias, without prejudice or favor. 

Judge Depue married Mary Van Allen, 
daughter of John Stuart, who was for many 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



279 



years cashier of the Belvidere Bank. ]\Irs. 
Depue died in 1859, leaving one child, 
Eliza Stuart. In 1862 Judge Depue mar- 
ried Delia Ann, daughter of Oliver E. 
Slocum, of Tollard, Massachusetts. Their 
children are Sherrerd, Mary Stuart and 
Francis A. 

The son, Sherrerd Depue, was born in 
Warren county, New Jersey, on the ist of 
August, 1864. His life has been spent in 
greater part in Newark, Xew Jersey. Hav- 
ing graduated in 1881 at the Newark 
Academy, he entered Princeton University, 
at which he was graduated in 1885. Mr. 
Depue, having determined to make the 
practice of law his life work, became a stu- 
dent in the Columbia Law School of New 
York city, where he was graduated in 1887. 
The same year he was admitted to practice 
as counselor-at-law, and in September of 
1890 he was appointed assistant United 
States district attorney, in which capacity 
he served for one year. In 1894 he was 
appointed city attorney for Newark, and as 
such served two years. Mr. Depue is a man 
of exceptional ability, whose zeal for his 
profession, devotion to his clients, and 
known fidelity to all trusts will doubtless 
bespeak for him new honors in the future. 



CHRISTOPHER ANDREW HINCK. 

Although Mr. Hinck is among the more 
recent settlers of Montclair, the extensive 
improvements he has made in the town- 
ship and the large amount expended by 
him in opening and improving streets and 
avenues, are matters of record and entitle 
him to recognition in a history of Mont- 
clair. 

Mr. Hinck was born in Kehdingbruch, 
province of Hanover, — now a part of Prus- 



sia, — November i, 1831. He came of a 
good and respectable family, his father 
being of that class of well-to-do, intelligent 
farmers who compose the bone and sinew 
of the German empire. His maternal grand- 
father, Hein Pick, was a man of more than 
ordinary intelligence and of great influence 
in the community, and at the time of the 
French invasion in 1810 was elected mayor 
of a large district and clothed with ample 
authority to protect the interests of his fel- 
low citizens. 

Mr. Hinck was educated under a system 
which has long been compulsory, requiring 
parents to send their children to school 
from the age of eight to fourteen years, and 
at the present time a failure to do so in- 
volves a penalty of imprisonment to the de- 
linquent. Under such a system, which in 
his day existed in a more modified form, 
Mr. Hinck acquired an education sutTicient 
to fit him for a mercantile career. He after- 
ward spent five years in a mercantile house 
and then concluded to try his fortune in 
the New World. He left home and 
landed in New York city in 185 1, a total 
stranger. His frank, open manner and 
pleasing address made a favorable impres- 
sion upon those with whom he was brought 
in contact and he soon made friends who. 
"clung closer than a brother." Among 
those who took a kindly interest in his wel- 
fare and who offered to assist him was Wil- 
son G. Hunt. He made the acquaintance 
of other prominent merchants, who invited 
him to their homes and honored him with 
their confidence. He obtained employ- 
ment in a wholesale woolen house, where 
by his strict attention to business, his in- 
dustry and uprightness of character, he won 
the confidence of his employers. He served 
a year in one house, two years in another, 



28o 



E88EX COUNTY. 



and during this period he acquired a thor- 
ough knowledge of the business and laid 
the foundation for his subsequent success- 
ful business career. In July, 1854, having 
by careful economy saved something from 
his yearly income, together with a few 
hundred dollars received from his mother, 
he started in business for himself, under 
the firm name of Hinck, Harms & Com- 
pany. He withdrew in 1859 and organized 
the firm of Hinck & Pupke, which later 
became Hinck Brothers. He continued in 
active business for more than a quarter of 
a century and passed through several 
financial crises in which some of the oldest 
business houses in the countrv' were com- 
pelled to suspend; but, through all these 
and the frequent fluctuations of prices in- 
cident to the war, he maintained his credit 
unimpaired and met all his obligations 
promptly. He made it a principle of his life 
never to purchase in excess of his aljility to 
pay promptly in cash when due. With abun- 
dant opportunities for speculation during 
the war by risking his capital, and with the 
chances of acquiring wealth rapidly, he pre- 
ferred the "slow and sure" course, and was 
satisfied with fair profits and quick sales, 
and when the rapid depreciation in prices 
took place at the close of the war, he 
found himself in a condition to dispose of 
his stock without impairing his capital. 
From the beginning of his business career 
he sought to establish confidence between 
himself and his customers by fair dealings, 
and would never permit any misrepresen- 
tation in regard to the quality of goods for 
the purpose of making a sale. His con- 
scientious regard for the truth forljade him 
to take any advantage whatever of those 
who trusted in his judgment and in his in- 
tegrity. Honesty as a principle and not 



as a mere matter of policy was rooted and 
grounded in his nature and instilled into 
his mind through the early teachings of his 
parents, who believed that character was 
more to a man than riches or worldly hon- 
ors. His uniform kindness and courtesy 
toward all with whom he came in contact 
had much to do with his success in life. He 
believed that every friend made added that 
much to his capital and every enemy made 
impaired it to the same extent. 

After accumulating a moderate fortune 
Mr. Hinck retired from business in 1883, 
with a spotless escutcheon, conscious that 
he had wronged no man and that his gains 
had been honestly acquired. He was then 
able to carry out a long cherished plan of 
a visit to the fatherland and to view again 
the scenes of his childhood. He visited 
various parts of Europe and spent some 
three years with his family at Hanover, 
which country during his aljsence had been 
merged from an independent kingdom into 
the great German empire. His enforced 
idleness, however, began to wear on him 
after the long and busy life which he had 
led, and he determined to seek some occu- 
pation which should again call forth his 
dormant energies and give activity to his 
mind and body. Soon after his return to 
the land of his adoption he visited Mont- 
clair and was attracted by its beauty and 
the healthfulness of its location. He final- 
ly purchased what was known as the "Sad- 
ler Place," comprising the homestead and 
fourteen acres, nearly adjoining the home of 
Inness, the artist, and known as "The 
Pines" He enlarged and improved the 
homestead, which he changed from the 
simjjle farmhouse into a beautiful modern 
villa. The grounds were transformed into 
beautiful lawns adorned with shade and 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



281 



fruit trees of the finest variety and the 
whole place was made to blossom like the 
rose, presenting a most beautiful and pic- 
turesque appearance. He subsequently 
purchased three acres additional, adjoining 
the homestead property. 

Mr. Hinck became impressed with the 
great social, educational and other advan- 
tages of Montclair — of its healthfulness 
and other attractive features, and, with 
characteristic energy and faith in its future 
greatness, determined to do his share 
toward its further development. He pur- 
chased a tract of land north of Oxford and 
east of Grove street, and another tract of 
land lying west of Grove street, north of 
Greenwood Lake Railroad. Between 
Montclair avenue and Grove street, and ex- 
tending from Walnut to Chestnut street, he 
opened a new street to which he gave the 
name of "Christopher," — that being his 
Christian name, — thus perpetuating the 
name of its projector; this he graded so as 
to form a perfect drainage, curbed and 
macadamized it, all at his own expense. He 
also made the same improvements at 
Chestnut street, from Grove street to Mont- 
clair avenue. About six hundred feet north 
of Chestnut street from Grove to Forest 
street, he cut an avenue in 1892, which he 
named Columbia avenue, in commemora- 
tion of the quadrennial event of that year. 
He has erected fifteen houses on Christo- 
pher street, one on Walnut street — a dou- 
ble brick building — and a beautiful villa on 
the corner of Grove and Chestnut streets, 
and has prepared plans for further improve- 
ments in this direction. While benefiting 
himself by this large expenditure of money, 
he has proved a public benefactor to the 
township by the enhanced value of other 
property arising therefrom, and has thus 



added materially to the wealth of Mont- 
clair. 

In 1857, when fortune had smiled upon 
him, Mr. Hinck began to feel the necessity 
of a helpmeet, and his thought naturally 
turned toward the fatherland, which he 
resolved to visit, and amid the scenes of 
his childhood he found the woman of his 
choice, in Johanna Maria Fliedner,whom he 
married after a brief courtship and returned 
with her to the land of his adoption. She 
proved a valuable helpmeet and wise coun- 
selor, and his success in life is due largely to 
her aid and co-operation in all his plans, 
thus verifying the proverb, "Who so find- 
eth a wife findeth a good thing and 
o])taineth favor of the Lord." Their chil- 
dren are Maria, Henry, John, Georgine, 
deceased, George Frederick, Edward 
Louis, Louisa, Ernest Christopher, Ed- 
mund, deceased, Alfred John and Otto 
Helmuth, — the last named for Count von 
Moltke and Bismarck. A friend of the 
family communicated the fact to Count von 
Moltke and he sent a photograph to his 
namesake on the back of which was sub- 
scribed: "With the best wishes for Otto 
Helmuth," signed "Field Marshal Count 
von Moltke," 



FREDERICK KILGUS, 

the well known contractor and liuilder of 
Newark, is a native of Germany, who has 
brought his inherent talents and ability 
with him to this country, where he has not 
only become one of her loyal citizens, but 
has ever met with distinctive success in the 
lines of endeavor followed by him since his 
arrival. Born in Wurtemberg. Germany, 
on the 1 8th of November, 1851, he is the 
son of Frederick and Barbara (Pfau) Kil- 



282 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



gus, the former of whom was l;>orn in the 
same province as our subject, in 1S23, and 
there fohowed the vocation of a farmer, log 
cutter, and shipper, as did the grandfather, 
John Kilgus. 

Frederick Kilgus secured a fair education 
in the excellent public schools of his native 
land, and before coming to the United 
States had worked at both the carpenter's 
and the blacksmith's trades, at both of 
which he was quite proficient. In 1869 he 
determined to try other fields of endeavor 
and sailed from Bremen on the good boat 
"Main" bound for America, landing in New 
York harbor on the 9th of April. Coming 
to Newark he had no trouble in securing 
work at the blacksmith's trade, in which he 
continued during his first half vear in this 
country, next taking up the carpenter's 
trade and for the following two years he was 
associated with a Mr. Auckster. He then 
engaged with Kirk & Company, contract- 
ors, as a journeyman carpenter, continuing 
with them until 1883, when he embarked in 
the same business for himself, his initial con- 
tract being for a residence for Mr. O'Leary, 
on Eleventh avenue. During the first year 
his force did not exceed the small number 
of four men, which he has since increased 
as his business demanded, until now he has 
about forty men, and the character of his 
work may best be judged by a brief refer- 
ence to some of the contracts he has ex- 
ecuted, among which are: A residence for 
Dr. Chambers in East Orange, and one for 
John R. Howe, on Arlington avenue; the 
Hebbig Hotel; the Condit residence in 
Madison; the Berk hat factory in Orange 
Valley; the Eagle Brewery; No. 11 engine 
house; William Burnett's residence on Hal- 
sey street; the Highland Flats, on Quitman 
street; Dr. Wait's residence, on High 



street; a residence for Judge Guild, on 
Mount Prospect avenue, and the asylum at 
Overbrook, New Jersey. 

The first marriage of Mr. Kilgus was at 
Bloomfield, New Jersey, where he was 
united, in April, 1874, to Miss Caroline Ja- 
ger, who died, leaving five sons: Fred J. 
and Louie, who are carpenters; and Harry, 
Benjamin and George. The second mar- 
riage of our subject was on February 18, 
1897, when he was united to Miss Bertha 
E. Strumph, daughter of John Strumph, a 
japanner, born in Hessen-Darmstadt. He 
emigrated to the United States in i860, and 
served as a private in the late war. 

Socially Mr. Kilgus is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and of 
the Builders' Association, in both of which 
societies he enjoys a high degree of pop- 
ularity. 



EDWARD LIVINGSTON PRICE. 

There is, perhaps, no citizen of Essex 
county more closely entitled to definite 
representation in this compilation than is 
he whose name initiates this paragraph, — 
the elements making this representation 
peculiarly compatible being determined not 
through one source but several. His line- 
age traces back through the past to touch 
intimately the ancestral honors of those 
who were prominent in the settlement of 
the New World, conspicuous in colonial 
annals, stalwart patriots when the strug- 
gling colonies strove to throw ofY the un- 
just yoke imposed by the British throne; 
those whose names are illustrious on the 
pages of civil and military history through 
many successive generations, and in whose 
deeds and lives a sterling worth reposed. 
He of whom this brief review is written has 






'P^c^ 



THE 

^EW- YORK 

■^'USLJC LIBRARY l) 

founciations 
lay; 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



283 



gained distinctive prestige as a man of af- 
fairs, and has shown that it was his to 
inherit the trnest patriotism and to mani- 
fest it by valorous deedswhen the cataclysm 
of civil war deluged the country with blood; 
and all these are points which call for rec- 
ognition in any work purporting to touch 
upon the history of Essex county and her 
citizens. 

As early as 1700 the ancestors of Colonel 
Edward Livingston Price in the agnatic 
line settled in what is now Sussex county, 
New Jersey. His father was the late Judge 
Francis Price, of Weehawken, Hudson 
county, New Jersey. His mother was a 
representative of the Hart family, one of 
whose members, John Hart, was a signer of 
the Declaration of Independence. 

Edward L. Price, the immediate subject 
of this sketch, was born in the city of New 
York, December 25, 1844. At the early 
age of sixteen he laid aside his school-books 
and tendered his services for the defense of 
the Union, joining the United States army, 
in April, 1862, as second lieutenant of Com- 
pany E, Seventy-fourth Regiment of New 
York Volunteers. He was promoted to 
the rank of first lieutenant, and for gallant 
conduct at the siege of Yorktown, was ap- 
pointed by Major-General Joseph Hooker 
to a position on hisstaf? as ordnance ofificer 
of the division of the Third Army Corps. 
As such he served all through the Penin- 
sular campaign, at the termination of which 
he was promoted to the position of major of 
his old regiment, which he commanded 
through the subsec|uent battles of Bristow, 
Second Bull Run and Chantilly. Still fur- 
ther military honors awaited him, for his 
valor and meritorious conduct won him the 
colonelcy of the One Hundred and Forty- 
fifth Regiment of New York Volunteers, 



his commission bearing date December 18, 
1S62, at which time he was not yet eighteen 
years of age. His brilliant military record 
is one of which he may well be proud, and 
it is to such men that the country owed her 
salvation in the dark days of civil war. 

When hostilities had ceased and the 
country no longer needed the support of 
her loyal sons on the field of battle, Colonel 
Price returned to his home and began his 
preparation for a life work. Predilection 
led him to the profession of the law as 
affording him the best field for the exercise 
of his peculiar talents and for the greatest 
advancement. He studied under the direc- 
tion of Joseph P. Bradley, who later won 
distinction as an associate justice of the 
United States supreme court, and zealously 
and earnestly applied himself to the mas- 
tery of the science of jurisprudence. In 
1866 young men from all parts of New Jer- 
sey assembled at Trenton to take the exam- 
inations which would test their fitness for 
admission to the bar, and on the list of 
applicants for that year were Garret A. 
Hobart, now vice-president of the United 
States; Andrew Kirkpatrick, now a judge 
of the United States district court; Colonel 
E. L. Price and others who have gained 
enviable distinction at the bar and in the 
field of politics. 

Admitted to the bar as an attorney at 
law. Colonel Price at once located in New- 
ark and began practice. His success was 
marked and immediate. He soon rose to 
prominence and for over thirty years has 
maintained high rank among the ablest 
representatives of the profession in the 
state. With a strong power of analysis, 
a mind at once receptive and retentive, he 
quickly grasps all the points in a case and 
never loses sight of any assailable point in 



284 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



an opponent's argument. He has been 
connected with much of the important Hti- 
gation in eastern New Jersey since his ad- 
mission to the bar and has a large and dis- 
tinctive clientele. 

Colonel Price began his political career 
very early in life. He was not yet twenty- 
one years of age when, in 1865, he was 
elected to the lower branch of the state leg- 
islature, but before he took his seat in the 
general assembly he had attained his 
majority. In 1867 he was re-elected and 
as a legislator he met the most sanguine 
hopes of his many friends and rendered a 
service which gave abundant evidence of 
his unusual ability in legislative affairs. He 
is the author of many measures now found 
upon the statute books of the state, in- 
cluding the law creating the board of street 
and water commissioners of Newark and 
Jersey City, and which made a wonderful 
and much needed change in that branch of 
the municipal government in large cities. 
The law has stood the tests of the courts 
and thus far its provisions stand unchanged 
by a single adverse decision. His broad 
knowledge of constitutional law made his 
services especiallv valuable, and he was 
regarded as one of the ablest members of 
the house. For many years Colonel Price 
has been an active worker and effective 
speaker on behalf of the Democratic party. 
He has been a member of the Essex county 
Democratic committee for many years, and 
served as its chairman most of the time. 
He is especially effective as an organizer 
and has led his party through many cam- 
paigns to victory. He is now chairman of 
the Democratic state committee and as 
such commands the confidence and respect 
of his associates. 

In the Newark municipal campaign of 



1896, he took a very active part in securing 
the election of Hon. James M. Seymour to 
the mayoralty, and it was a fitting and de- 
serving reward that he was appointed to 
the important position of corporation 
counsel in May, 1896, and re-appointed to 
the same position by Mayor Seymour after 
his re-election in April, 1898, and since his 
first appointment Colonel Price has ac- 
ceptably served in that capacity; and his 
work has given abundant evidence of 
the wisdom of Mayor Seymour in calling 
him to the of^ce. He has rendered many 
written and verbal opinions relating to the 
city affairs which have met with the full 
approval of the courts and lawyers, and has 
the commendation of almost the entire bar. 
Few successful and accomplished politicians 
are also thorough masters of the law and 
possessed of good legal minds; but Colonel 
Price is credited with not only being a 
lawyer of both abundant learning and acu- 
men, but also a politician of rare power 
and discrimination. He is possessed of a 
commanding and pleasing personal appear- 
ance, and always manifests courtesy and 
respect for those with whom he is brought 
in contact, whether they be high or humble, 
rich or poor. Easy of approach, possessed 
of a charitable and sympathetic nature and 
endowed with the distinctive characteris- 
tics of a gentleman, it is not a matter of 
wonder that Colonel Price enjoys the re- 
spect, esteem and full confidence of his 
fellow citizens. 



FRANCIS H. SIEGER, 

of Newark, is one of that city's retired mer- 
chants and has been actively identified with 
its business interests for a period extending 
over thirtv vears. He is a native of Ger- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



285 



many, having been born in Hanover, on 
the 14th of November, 1828, the son of 
Charles and Sophie (Zurede) Sieger, who. 
although in humble circumstances, were a 
most respectable couple. The father was a 
harness-maker by occupation, and it was 
but natural that his son, as soon as he had 
finished his schooling, should apply himself 
to learning the same trade. He is the only 
surviving son and received his earlv mental 
discipline in the excellent public schools of 
his native country, attending the same until 
reaching the age of fourteen, when he was 
sent to Hamburg and there apprenticed to 
the liarness-making. upholstering, paper- 
hanging and carriage-trimming trades, 
serving at them for five years. He then 
went into the country and followed his trade 
from 1847 to 1853. and then, having accu- 
mulated a small sum of money, he decided 
to seek his fortunes in the United States. 

Mr. Sieger left Germany with some rela- 
tives on the i8th of October, 1853, and em- 
barking on a sailing vessel they made the 
trip to New York by the 15th of the follow- 
ing December. Our subject stopped for a 
short time in Brooklyn, but being unable to 
find employment he came to Newark, and 
here secured work from Lang & Hoffman, 
on Broad street, the only German mer- 
chants in their line at that time in Newark. 
He oscillated between them and a firm in 
the harness business for about three years. 
In 1863 he opened a small place in a base- 
ment on Mulberry street, and the profits 
from his business enabled him, in three 
years, to purchase a building at the corner 
of Market and Beaver streets, where he did 
a large and profitable trade until 1891, when 
he retired from active life, and is now en- 
joying the proceeds of a well spent, indus- 
trious career. The last enterprise in which 



he was engaged was as a retailer of carpets, 
furniture, oil-cloth, etc. At this writing he 
is a stockholder in the State Banking Com- 
pany. In his political affiliations he is a 
stanch supporter of the Democratic party. 

Mr. Sieger was united in marriage in 
1853 '^o Miss Sophie Miller, while residing 
in Germany, and they had three children. 
Mrs. Sieger departed this life in 1888, and 
in the same year one of the sons died. They 
were survived but five years by the only 
daughter. The remaining son, Francis H., 
is a resident of Chicago, Illinois. 

The career of Mr. Sieger is an excellent 
example of what industry and perseverance, 
combined with l)usiness acumen and a de- 
termination to succeed, can accomplish. 
Coming to this country a stranger to its 
language and customs, without the influ- 
ence of friends or the prestige acquired by 
wealth, he steadily made his way to the front 
without pausing to rest, until he had se- 
cured a comfortable competence, which he 
is now enjoying, as well as the respect and 
consideration of a large number of friends. 



FERDINAND J. HOSP, 

president of the Newark Lithograph & 
Bank Note Company and a member of the 
board of aldermen, representing the thir- 
teenth ward, Newark, New Jersey, is a na- 
tive of this city and dates his birth, at No. 3 
South Orange avenue, January 2, 1867. 

Mr. Hosp is of German descent, his par- 
ents, Charles and Matilda (Muller) Hosp, 
having both been born in Baden, Germany. 
Charles Hosp was the captain of a company 
during the revolution in the old country in 
1848. and in consecjuence of that fact came 
to the United States in 1849, ^t the same 
time Schurz, Sigel and others came. Im- 



286 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



mediately upon his arrival in America he lo- 
cated at Newark, where he has ever since re- 
sided, he being now sixty-nine years of age 
and his wife sixty. By trade he is a watch- 
maker, and was one of the first watchmak- 
ers in Newark, where he was in business for 
many years, but is now retired. 

In his native city Ferdinand J. Hosp was 
reared, receiving his education in its Eng- 
lish and German schools. In 1885, while yet 
a boy in his 'teens, he went to New York 
city and entered upon an apprenticeship to 
the business of lithographing. He remained 
in New York, giving his close attention to 
that business, until 1890, when he returned 
to Newark and organized the Newark 
Lithograph & Bank Note Company, hav- 
ing for his partner Mr. Carl Groebe. Mr. 
Groebe died in February, 1897. In 1894 
other partners were taken into the firm and 
the company was incorporated under the 
above name, Mr. Hosp at that time being 
elected its president and having retained the 
oflfice up to the present time. 

Mr. Hosp is a thoroughgoing, up-to- 
date business man, interested in all that per- 
tains to the welfare of NeAvark, and by his 
fellow citizens has been honored with of- 
ficial position of local importance. In the 
spring of 1896 he was elected a member of 
the board of aldermen, to represent the thir- 
teenth ward, receiving this election at the 
hands of the Repulilican party, of which he 
is a stanch and enthusiastic member. In 
1896 he served on the finance, police and 
printing committees, and this year, 1897, he 
is a member of the fire and license com- 
mittees. 

Mr. Hosp is also active and popular in 
social as well as political and business cir- 
cles. At this writing, and for seven years 
past, he has been president of the National 



Turn\-erein. the largest society in New Jer- 
sey. 

May 24, 1892, Mr. Hosp was united in 
marriage to Miss Annie Hopple, of New- 
ark, daughter of Robert Hopple. They 
have had two children, Ferdinand R., who 
died when a year and a half old, and Edna 
W., fourteen months old at this writing. 



JULIUS HAUSER. 

The time has come in the history of the 
world when the path of lalior and usefulness 
is indicated as the highway to honor. Bi- 
ography has brought to the attention of 
mankind the fact that it is the men in the 
industrial and commercial pursuits of life to 
whom more largely is due the development 
and prosperity of town, county and state. 
Those distinguished in military service, 
statecraft, science or letters play an impor- 
tant part in the public life; but it is now a 
recognized fact that the stability of a coun- 
try and its substantial growth is drawn from 
the citizens who are the workers in trade 
and agricultural circles. 

It is of this class that Mr. Hauser is a rep- 
resentative, and among the reliable and 
prominent contractors and builders of New- 
ark there is no one, perhaps, who is more 
highly rated than our subject. He was 
born in Sinkershausen, kreis Biedenkopf, 
Hessen-Darmstadt, March 24, 1841, and is 
a son of Jacol) and Catherine (Smith) Hau- 
ser. The father, born in 1805, died in 1S72, 
and the mother passed away in 1874. Ju- 
lius Hauser was the second of their five 
children, and his educational training was in 
accordance with the laws of his native land, 
which provided that each child should at- 
tend school between the ages of eight and 
fourteen years. On reaching the latter age 
he was apprenticed to a carpenter and 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



sen'ed a full term of seven years, after 
which he was obliged to enter the military 
service of his native land. Upon being dis- 
charged from the army he resumed his work 
as a carpenter, and soon afterward was in- 
duced by his stepbrother to leave the father- 
land and seek a home and fortune in 
America. Accordingly he crossed the At- 
lantic, sailing from Havre, France, and at 
length landed at pier 17, in New York, May 
28, 1867. 

For nearly a year Mr. Hauser remained in 
the metropolis, and in the spring of 1868 
came to Newark, where he entered the em- 
ploy of Tobias Wiedenmayer, a contractor. 
He continued his labors as a journeyman 
until the fall of i87i,when, in company with 
his brother, Jacob Hauser, he began con- 
tracting on his own account. Their first 
contract after this partnership was formed 
was for a two-story residence on Magazine 
street for Mr. Rothfnsz, and from this be- 
ginning their business steadily increased. 
Their shop was first located at No. 2 Bow- 
ery, later at 75 Wall street, and in 1887, 
when the brothers dissolved partnership, 
our subject established his place of business 
at Nos. 88 and 90 Alyea street, and his resi- 
dence at Nos. 99 and loi Hamburg place. 
Since his embarkation in business on his 
own account he has been prominently con- 
nected with the building interests of the 
city, and has taken contracts for the erec- 
tion of some of the principal buildings of 
Newark, including the ice and malt houses 
for the Hensler Brewery, Balentine's brew- 
ery, elevator and malt-house, the Third Ger- 
man Presbyterian church, the storage ice- 
house for the Krueger Hygeia Ice Com- 
pany and many residences whose architec- 
tural beauty attests his skill and ability in 
the builder's art. 



His hope of securing a home and com- 
petence in America has been more than re- 
alized, for prosperity has smiled upon his 
earnest efforts and he is now numbered 
among the substantial and highly respected 
citizens of NeAvark. 

Mr. Hauser has been twice married. On 
the i8th of June, 1868, he wedded Elizabeth 
Schaefer, daughter of John Schaefer, of 
Newark. She died December 10, 1894, 
leaving the following children: Lizzie, 
wife of Oscar Huberts: Julius, who married 
Tilda Clements: and Tinna. Mr. Hauser 
was again married August 6, 1895. his sec- 
ond union being with Mrs. Amelia Back- 
fisch, daughter of Max Geiger. 

Mr. Hauser belongs to the Master Car- 
penters' Association and was its first presi- 
dent. He is treasurer of the Security 
Building & Loan Association, and has been 
treasurer of the Twelfth Ward German and 
English school for a number of years. He 
belongs to the Concordia and Harmonia 
musical societies and his deep love of music 
has led him to do much toward promoting 
a taste for the "art divine" in the commu- 
nity in which he lives. His political sup- 
port is given the Democracy. He l^elongs 
to the Masonic and Odd Fellows fraterni- 
ties and the encampment of the latter 
order, and has been past master in the first 
named and past grand in the second or- 
ganization. 



CHARLES S. ORBEN, 

of Newark, is one of the well known and 
progressive carpenters and builders of this 
city, who has, in his brief career of a few 
years, earned an envial^le reputation as a 
contractor, the thoroughness of his work 
and his conscientious adherence to all 



288 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



agreements that may be entered into, gain- 
ing and retaining for him the entire confi- 
dence and esteem of his fellow citizens. 

Mr. OrI:ien was born in Milford, Pike 
county. Pennsylvania, on the 26th of June, 
1872, and is the son of Jacob and Elizabeth 
(Strichler) Orben. The father is a native of 
Prussia, where his birth took place in 1828, 
and there he was reared and educated and 
spent the first years of his life.emigratingto 
the United States in 1851, since which time 
he has made this country his home. Mrs. 
Orben was born in Pennsylvania in 1839. 
her demise taking place in 1896, at the age 
of fifty-eight years. She is survived by five 
sons and her husband. 

Charles S. Orben received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of his native 
city, supplementing his knowledge thus 
gained by a course in the academy at Mil- • 
ford, from which he was later graduated. 
At the age of sixteen he came to Newark 
and at once began to learn the carpenter's 
trade under the direction of his brother, J. 
C. Orben, completing his term of appren- 
ticeship in the usual time, and then entered 
upon the active work of his calling, his first 
contract being for a building on Fairmont 
avenue. His ability and absolute reliance 
were in a short time recognized and he soon 
built up a large and ever increasing busi- 
ness, until to-day he is one of the leading 
contractors in Newark. Among the many 
architectural triumphs of which he has been 
the author, the following may be men- 
tioned: Five houses in Columbus Heights; 
the Memorial Church chapel; two resi- 
dences in Forest Hill; three in Vailsburg; 
four in South Orange; six in Orange; the 
Meyer Neumann residence in Newark, and 
those of C. E. Schmidt and Messrs. Stengel 
and Rothschild. 



Mr. Orben is a member of the Builders' 
Exchange, the Mutual Provident Insurance 
Company, of Jersey City, and he is identi- 
fied with the West End and the People's 
Building and Loan Associations. 

In his political faith he is a stanch Repub- 
lican and is rather active in public affairs of 
a local nature. Socially he is a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Junior Order of United American 
Mechanics. 

The marriage of Mr. Orben was cele- 
brated on the 1 8th of December, 1895, when 
he was united to Miss Mabel Schales, 
daughter of William Schales, a representa- 
tive of an old family of Newark. Mr. and 
Mrs. Orben have a large circle of friends in 
their home city and are by them held in the 
highest esteem. 



FREDERICK BERG, 

a prominent hat manufacturer of Orange, 
has bv his energy, perseverance and indom- 
itable force of character achieved a reputa- 
tion that entitles him to rank among the 
leading manufacturers of this section of the 
country, and his position is due alone to 
his keen foresight and honesty of purpose, 
while it demonstrates to the young what 
can be accomplished by untiring energy and 
attention to business. His success has been 
truly wontlerful, and due alone to his indi- 
vidual efforts. One of the most active of 
men, never idle, and keeping his wealth in 
motion for the interest of the city in which 
he lives, his name in commercial circles is a 
tower of strength, and with him there is no 
such word as "fail" in anything he under- 
takes. He commands the esteem of all who 
know him and Orange numbers him among 
her most valued citizens. 




Jt^ 




'7'y.,c/yri:^ 




■e 




ESSEX COUNTY. 



289 



Mr. Berg was born in Meberau, in the 
province of Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, on 
the 1st of March, 1834, and is a son of 
George and Frederica (Hill) Berg. Both 
his paternal and maternal grandparents 
were natives of the province of Hesse- 
Darmstadt. His maternal grandfather, Mr. 
Hill, was a man of considerable intelligence 
and learning, and for many years a school 
teacher in the town of Meberau. Rebecca 
Berg, a sister of our subject, was the first 
of the family to come to America. Cross- 
ing the Atlantic about 1841 (after a tedious 
voyage of sixty-three days), she located in 
New Orleans, where she died a short time 
after her arrival. The father, who was the 
eldest of a family of seventeen children, 
spent his entire life in his native land, en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. In his fam- 
ily were the following children : Lizzie, who 
married and had a family of children, two 
of whom still survive, viz. : George and Mar- 
garetta — she died at the age of eighty-one 
years; Rebecca, who married and came to 
America, settling in New Orleans, Louis- 
iana, where she died; Alargaretta, who mar- 
ried and resides in her native land; George, 
who married and spent his life in his native 
land, dying in the autumn of 1897, aged 
seventy-six years; Catharine, who married 
and resides in the city of Hesse-Darmstadt; 
Maria, who came to America and married, 
and resides at Newark, New Jersey; Henry, 
who in 1852 left the city of Vienna, in Aus- 
tria, and came to America and has not been 
heard of by the family for a number of 
years; Phillip, who died in the city of 
Vienna, aged thirty-three years, and Fred- 
erick, the subject of this sketch. 

The last mentioned resided in the city 
of Dantzig, whence he sailed for America 
when twenty-three years of age. He was 

ii-19 



educated in the public schools of his native 
land and afterwji.rd learned the trade of a 
hatter in Vienna, Austria. Later he re- 
turned home and worked at his trade in 
the different cities of Germany. In the 
autumn of 1856 he bade adieu to the father- 
land and sailed for America, taking up his 
residence in Orange, New Jersey, where he 
has since made his home. In 1864 he em- 
barked in the manufacture of hats, on a 
small scale, and his business has steadily 
increased in volume and importance. He 
has a splendidly equipped plant, employs 
an elificient corps of workmen and is ready 
to meet the demand of the public on short 
notice. His trade is extensive and profit- 
able, and the enterprise has been crowned 
with a high degree of success. In 1889 Mr. 
Berg established a coal and wood yard, 
which he still conducts. He is also a stock- 
holder in the Second National Bank of 
Orange, and is a prominent representative 
of the business interests of the city, his ef- 
forts not alone promoting his individual 
prosperity, but also adding to the material 
welfare of the community. 

Mr. Berg was married in Newark to Miss 
Anna Nickel, on the 8th of March, 1857, 
a daughter of Kidon Nickel, a native of Ba- 
varia. Nine children have been born to 
them: Anna, deceased; George, who died 
at the age of seven and a half years; Fred- 
erick; Emma, wife of William Nixon; Hen- 
ry; Charles, Amelia, wife of Paul Wood- 
ruff; Mary, who died in childhood, and 
Christian. 

Mr. Berg manifested his loyalty to his 
adopted land by entering the service of the 
Union army, enlisting in 1862 for nine 
months as a member of Company H, Twen- 
ty-sixth New Jersey Infantry. He partici- 
pated in the capture of Fredericksburg 



290 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Heights. He has always been a Repubhcan 
in his pohtical views and served as assess- 
ment commissioner for tive years. He at- 
tends the Lutheran church and his wife the 
Roman Catholic church. They are widely 
known throughout Essex county and their 
circle of friends is very extensive. 

Frederick Berg, Jr., the eldest son of 
Frederick and Anna Berg, and a member of 
the firm of F. Berg & Sons, hat manufac- 
turers, was born in Orange, on the 27th of 
December, i860. He is indebted to the 
public schools of the city for literary train- 
ing, which was supplemented by a commer- 
cial course in Bryant & Stratton"s Business 
College, of Newark. He was thus well fit- 
ted to enter the firm of which he is an en- 
terprising, progressive member. Promi- 
nent in the Masonic fraternity, he has at- 
tained the thirty-second degree of the Scot- 
tish rite. He also belongs to the Newark 
Republican Club, which indicates his polit- 
ical afifiliations, and he is a member of the 
New York Yacht Club. 



GEORGE D. DRAKE, 

the senior member of the firm of Drake & 
Company, of Newark, is pre-eminently a 
man of afifairs, and it is now the men of 
"afifairs" who prove the most important ele- 
ment in the substantial growth, develop- 
ment and prosperity of the community. 
Since attaining his majority his attention 
has been devoted almost exclusively to his 
business interest, following systematic 
plans, carefully executed and governed by 
enterprise and energy. These attributes of 
his successful business career are strongly 
marked in his character and have brought 
to him a success in keeping with the pro- 
gressive spirit of the age. He is now ex- 



tensively engaged in dealing in grain and 
feed, and the volume of liis business insures 
him a liberal income. 

Mr. Drake is a representative of one of 
the ancient and influential families of East 
Jersey, and was born in Essex county 
April 4, 1845, a- son of Elias W. Drake. He 
is indel)ted to the public schools of Irving- 
ton for his educational privileges, and in 
his father's grist mill he received his busi- 
ness training, spending his youth and early 
manhood in that establishment. In Au- 
gust, 1 868, he commenced the milling busi- 
ness on his own responsibility by taking 
charge of the milling property belonging 
to the family, at Irvington. For three 
years he continued its operation and 
then removed to Newark, where he was 
associated in business with his father, in 
Halsey street, through the succeeding 
three years. On the expiration of 
that period he bought out his father's in- 
terests and became sole proprietor, success- 
fully conflucting the business until 1884, 
when he admitted his brother to a partner- 
ship in the business, under the firm name of 
G. D. & N. Drake. This connection was 
continued until 1892, when the character of 
the lousiness was somewhat changed, and on 
the remo\-al to Poinier street the present 
style of Drake & Company was assumed. 
The large business of this firm has grown 
from a small beginning, when operations 
were carried on entirely in the retail trade, 
but as the proprietors became known as 
men of integrity and straightforward busi- 
ness dealing, the volume of their trade grew 
rapidly, reaching out in all directions, even 
beyond the limits of Newark. The demand 
for the commodities which they handle be- 
came so great that in recent years, in order 
to meet the needs of large consumers of 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



291 



their stock, they have been forced to erect 
a new building, covering twelve lots and 
having a storage capacity of 100 carloads. 
The equipments of this storehouse for the 
handling of grain, etc., are so modern that 
it requires only a few minutes to unload a 
car of grain, whereas, under the old ar- 
rangement, the same work could not be 
performed short of many hours of tedious 
manual labor. The company buys exten- 
sively from western dealers and the volume 
of the business done during the year marks 
this as one of the strong and important en- 
terprises of Newark. 

Mr. Drake was married June 10, 1880, 
the lady of his choice being Miss Emma L. 
Taylor, a daughter of Oliver H. Taylor, a 
descendant of one of the old families of 
Irvington. He has had neither time nor 
inclination for politics, his attention being 
given entirely to his own business inter- 
ests, in which he has met with signal suc- 
cess. His interests are conducted with the 
strictest regard for the ethics of commer- 
cial life, and the firm of which he is the head 
has a most enviable reputation for relia- 
bility. 



MINARD A. KNAPP, 

one of the public-spirited citizens of New- 
ark, and a member of the board of alder- 
men from the tenth ward, was born in John- 
ston street, Newark, on the 4th of March, 
1861, a son of Charles and Sarah (Hicks) 
Knapp. The youth of our subject was 
passed in his home city, where he received 
his literary education in the public schools, 
supplementing his knowledge thus gained 
by attending night school. 

Mr. Knapp began business on his own 
responsibility as a newsboy on the old New 



Jersey Transportation Railroad Company 
(now the Pennsylvania line), and later en- 
tered the employ of McGregor & Company, 
dealers in clothes and other dry-goods, as 
an errand-boy, and by industry, ability and 
strict attention to business he worked his 
way up to the custom department, remain- 
ing with this firm for a period of ten years. 
On the 3d of August, 1881, he obtained a 
position on the Central Railroad of New 
Jersey as passenger brakeman, and on the 
1 6th of May, 1888, he was promoted to the 
duties of passenger conductor, which in- 
cumbency he has since continued to occupy. 
He has charge of one of the best trains run- 
ning out of Newark, and in summer he is 
placed in command of one of the seashore 
trains. He is a member of the Order of 
Railroad Conductors, the National Provi- 
dence Union, the Mutual Benefit Associ- 
ation of Railroad Conductors and the Jeffer- 
son Club. 

Since attaining his majority Mr. Knapp 
has been deeply interested in public affairs. 
In the spring of 1896 he accepted the nom- 
ination for alderman from the tenth ward 
and was elected, serving during that year 
on the committee on poor and alms, the 
health board and the election board. In 
1897 he was a member of the committees 
on poor and alms, printing and stationery, 
public schools, and was chairman of the 
license committee. 



LUCAS PETER. 

German immigration has furnished to 
America a substantial element in her citi- 
zenship. From the fatherland have come 
those who, adapting themselves to their 
new surroundings and conditions, have in- 
fused into the new American life the reso- 



292 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



lute purpose and undaunted energy of their 
countrymen, and have thus worked their 
way upward from humlile stations to po- 
sitions of affluence and prominence. Of 
this class Mr. Peter is a representative. 
Coming to the New World without capital, 
he has achieved in his chosen calling a suc- 
cess which is indeed enviable and has won 
the regard of the many with whom his 
business and social relations have brought 
him in contact. Newark claims him among 
her representative men. 

Mr. Peter was born in Alsace, Germany, 
on the i6th of October, 1841, and is a son 
of Conrad Peter, a well-to-do fanner who 
was enabled to provide his son with good 
educational privileges. He was trained in 
both German and English, and when in his 
'teens was apprenticed to a carpenter, com- 
pleting his term three years before his emi- 
gration to America. He applied himself 
diligently to his task and thus became an 
expert workman. Believing that the ad- 
vantages afforded young men engaged in 
mechanical pursuits were better in the New 
World, and desirous of benefiting his finan- 
cial condition, he bade adieu to home and 
native land and sailed for the "land of the 
free." It was his hope to amass here a small 
fortune and then return with it to Germany, 
there to spend his declining years; but his 
intentions were changed through an ac- 
quaintance he formed, resulting in his mar- 
riage. Thus establishing a home in New 
Jersey, he has given up all thought of re- 
turning to Germany; and though he has a 
deep love for the land of his birth, Newark 
can name no more loyal or devoted citizen 
than Mr. Peter. 

He arrived in New York, October 20, 
1866, with only six cents in his pocket. 
Having no acquaintances in Newark and 



no money with which to pay for a night's 
lodging, he slept in a baker shop, but this 
condition of things did not long continue, 
for he at once found work at his trade and 
has never since been idle, his ability always 
enabling him to secure employment. His 
surplus earnings were laid aside for the next 
three years, and in 1869 his work as a 
journeyman ceased, while he began con- 
tracting. He purchased property at Nos. 
92-96 Niagara street, located his shop 
thereon and announced himself as ready to 
take contracts for the building of houses, 
bridges and other structures. He has since 
enjoyed a large and prosperous business, 
and the high school of St. Mary's on High 
street, the St. Benedict church and school, 
and many factories and business blocks in 
Newark are monuments to his skill in the 
building art. 

Mr. Peter is a member of the Boss Car- 
penters' Association. For many years he 
has been president of the school board of 
St. Benedict's parish school, takes much 
pride in aiding the young to acquire an 
education, and urges strongly the teaching 
of both German and English to the children 
of German parents. He is a member of the 
German societies of the city whose object 
is to instruct the young in the theory of 
music and the art of singing. 

On the 1 6th of May, 1869, Mr. Peter was 
married to Miss Caroline, daughter of 
James Giesler, and their children are Alfred, 
an architect of Newark, who married Ber- 
tha Schultz; Clara, wife of Christian Bos- 
sert; Amanda, wife of Albert Holle, of New- 
ark; William, who is married; Bertha, Rich- 
ard and Adelia. 

This in brief is the life record of one who 
has made his own way in the world from an 
early age and has so lived as to secure a 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



293 



good financial return for his labors and en- 
terprise and at the same time win uniform 
confidence and regard by his honorable 
methods. 



OSCAR WIENER, 

an influential business man of Irvington, 
and proprietor of the Wiener Manufactur- 
ing Company, has been identified with the 
manufacturing interests of Essex county for 
more than forty years, which time covers a 
period of its phenomenal growth and great- 
est development. To be more accurate as to 
time, Mr. Wiener began learning his trade in 
silver-plating with Albert Stackhouse in 
1853, and, after completing his apprentice- 
ship, he was employed as a journeyman until 
1859. In this latter year he became asso- 
ciated with his brother Simon in the old 
firm of Wiener & Company, manufacturers 
of saddlery hardware, and although their 
beginning was somewhat modest, this fact 
was counterbalanced by their advanced 
knowledge and skill in their line. They 
did not hesitate to make advances in im- 
provements and inventions, in anticipation 
of the public needs, and by this course they 
placed themselves in the lead and were 
awarded by public opinion the enviable 
place of manufacturers of the finest goods 
in the country. During the war this was 
the only firm making high-class material, 
and as a direct consequence its volume of 
business was greatly increased and its prof- 
its were necessarily satisfactory, which fact 
placed it upon a doubly sure and stable 
financial basis. Simon Wiener died in 1892, 
and in the following year his estate pur- 
chased the interest of our subject, who then 
proceeded to erect his plant at Irvington, 
taking with him into partnership the follow- 



ing three sons: Dr. William, Bernard and 
Leo, and these four form the present com- 
pany. 

Oscar Wiener was born in Prussia on the 
I2th of March, 1841, and is a son of Gabriel 
H. and Amelia (Woolstein) Wiener, the 
father being a silver-plater in the old coun- 
try, who came to the United States in 1845, 
followed two years later by his family. He 
was a quiet, unassuming mechanic, possess- 
ing no ambition beyond the employment 
which gave him his livelihood, in which re- 
spect he differed from his sons, who were 
ambitious to become not only efficient 
mechanics, but also to come into competi- 
tion in the world of trade with the product 
of their own factory and to be leaders, in- 
stead of imitators. The father died in 
1892, at the advanced age of eighty years. 

The business education of our subject 
comes more from long experience in the 
marts of trade than from familiarity with 
text-books in school, but that he appre- 
ciates a higher education is shown by the 
fact that he has spared no expense in the 
proper training of his children for business 
or for professional life, as their tastes indi- 
cated. 

On the nth of April, 1866, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Frank, of 
New York, and their eldest son. Dr. Wil- 
liam Wiener, who is a graduate of Columbia 
College, with the degrees of Master of Arts, 
Bachelor of Arts and Doctor of Physics, is 
a noted chemist of this city, and holds a 
position in the Newark high school, where 
his acquirements are called into application. 
The other sons, Bernard. Leo and Edgar, 
are well fitted for their work as manufac- 
turers; and the daughters, Miriam, Emma, 
Rosalind, Beatrice, Florence and Irene 
have all taken advanced work in the city 



294 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



schools, two of them being' graduates of the 
high school. 

In the matter of fraternities Mr. Wiener 
has shown an exceptional fondness. His na- 
ture is in full accord with human sympathy 
and brotherly love, and his efforts in behalf 
of the many societies of which he is a mem- 
ber, have been appreciated and partially re- 
warded by his being placed in many respon- 
sible positions in the lodges. At the age of 
twenty-one he became affiliated with Diog- 
enes Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
the Columbia Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and Tabor Lodge, Independ- 
ent Order of B'nai B'rith. Since then he 
has joined the Knights of Honor, Knights 
and Ladies of Honor, Royal Arcanum, Im- 
proved Order of Heptasophs, Fraternal Le- 
gion, Knights of Pythias, Golden Star Fra- 
ternity and the Foresters. He has been 
honored with official preferment in several 
of these bodies, and has been past supreme 
protector of the Knights and Ladies of 
Honor, being for the past fifteen years 
grand protector of that order for the state 
of New Jersey. He is past grand dictator 
of the Knights of Honor, past chief patri- 
arch of the Encampment of Odd Fellows, 
past senior warden of his Masonic lodge, is 
supreme moderator of the Golden Star Fra- 
ternity, and has held many prominent posi- 
tions in numerous other kindred orders. 

Mr. Wiener's business career has been 
distinguished for its enlightened conserva- 
tive methods. His progressive nature has 
kept his factory apace with all the require- 
ments of the onward and upward tendency 
of the age, and his wise judgment has pre- 
served that equipoise essential to the con- 
ducting of a profitable business. He main- 
tains a friendly and sympathetic attitude 
toward his competitors for legitimate busi- 



ness, and he is characterized as the soul of 
honor in all his transactions. His name is 
a synonym for honesty, industry and integ- 
rity, and will lose none of its luster when 
left in the care of those whom he has trained 
to succeed him. 



WILLIAM R. BROUGHTON. 

The tendency of the present age is to- 
ward specializing, and in this manner a 
much higher degree of perfection is at- 
tainable than would otherwise be reached. 
No longer are one's energies dissipated 
over a broad field of labor, but are concen- 
trated upon one particular department, thus 
bringing a combined force whose accom- 
plishment is ofttimes marvelous. In no pro- 
fession have such rapid strides been made 
in the last quarter of a century as in the 
medical. Original investigation has solved 
many of the mysteries of practical import- 
ance and flashed the clear light of modern 
research upon paths that were before dark 
and invisible. Among the leaders of 
thought in the medical world is Dr. 
Broughton, an oculist whose skill has 
gained him an eminent place among the 
specialists in his line. While making his 
home in Bloomfield, he has an office both 
in this city and in New York, where he is 
associated with Dr. Ambrose L. Ranney. 

Dr. Broughton was born in New York 
city, November 3, 1866, and is a son of 
John G. and Eliza (Gray) Broughton. On 
the paternal side he is of English descent, 
the great-grandfather having come from 
the "merrie isle" to this country at an early 
day. The grandfather was Nicholson 
Broughton, one of the early settlers of 
Marblehead, Massachusetts. John G. 
Broughton, his son, was born in Marble- 




WILLIAM R. BROUGHTON. 



^ ■'^EVVYoftK „ 
^USLICLI3RARV! 

■^v '■ou'niations 
'3C; 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



295 



head, in 1835, was educated at the Boston 
Latin School, and when a young man re- 
moved to New York city, where he en- 
gaged in business as a book-publisher. He 
was also for a number of years connected 
with the American Board of Foreign ^fis- 
sions. He took up his residence in Bloom- 
field in 1868, and made his home there 
until his death, which occurred in 1S94. 
He took a very prominent part in Christian 
work and was an active and influential 
member of the First Presbyterian church, 
in which he served as elder for twenty-four 
years and as clerk of the session for a period 
of fifteen years. He was ever charitable and 
benevolent, and the poor and needy found 
in him a true friend. His wife still survives 
him and yet occupies the old homestead. 

Dr. Broughton, of this review, has spent 
the greater part of his life in Bloomfield, en- 
tered its public schools when he had ar- 
rived at the proper age, and in 1883 was 
graduated at the high school. He then 
matriculated in Williams College, where he 
was graduated in 1887, and thus, with an 
excellent literary knowledge to serve as a 
foundation, he entered upon the study of 
medicine in the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, of Columbia College, New York. 
He there pursued the regular course and 
was graduated in 1890 with the degree of 
M. D. In 1887 he associated himself with 
Dr. Ambrose L. Ranney, of New York, a 
noted oculist, and has since made a spe- 
cialty of that department of medicine. Their 
office is located at No. 345 Madison avenue, 
New York. The large number of their 
patrons shows that they have gained the 
public confidence by their skill and ability. 
The office in Bloomfield is a handsomely 
appointed suite of rooms, fitted up with the 
most improved electrical appliances known 



to the profession. The Doctor is well es- 
tablished in his business, and his love for his 
calling causes him to continue his study and 
investigation, thus continually advancing 
farther toward perfection and being better 
prepared for the delicate work entrusted to 
his care. 

On October 20, 1897, Dr. Broughton 
was married to Miss Jeanie Brittan Morris, 
of Bloomfield, dauarhter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Joseph Crowell Morris. 



GUISEPPE CIARAMELLI, M. D. 

Though the sunny peninsula of Italy has 
sent to America but few citizens in com- 
parison with other nations, it gave to the 
world the discoverer of this land, and many 
of those who have since crossed the Atlan- 
tic have become distinguished in the prom- 
inent walks of life. Among this number is 
the Doctor, now a successful practitioner of 
Newark. He was born in the pretty little 
town of Afragola, near Naples, on the loth 
of July, 1855, and was provided with excel- 
lent educational privileges. After attend- 
ing the lyceum he served as a soldier in the 
Italian army for three years, and upon leav- 
ing the military service entered the Uni- 
versity of Naples, where he studied medi- 
cine and surgery, obtaining his diploma 
from that institution in 1884. 

Dr. Ciaramelli engaged in the practice of 
his profession in Naples and the surround- 
ing district until August, 1896, when, at- 
tracted by information he had received in 
regard to the United States and the oppor- 
tunities here afforded, he determined if pos- 
.sible to broaden his field of labor, and left 
his home in Naples for the New World. 
Crossing the Atlantic he spent a few days 
in New York city and then came to New- 



296 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



ark, locating permanently in this city. He 
has since engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession, meeting with gratifying success. 
His patronage is large and lucrative and in- 
dicates his skill and ability. When he came 
to Newark he had no knowledge of the Eng- 
lish language, but within seven months he 
passed the medical examination in New 
York, answering all the questions in Eng- 
lish, and was licensed to practice in that 
state on the 14th of June, 1897. On the 
nth of August of the same year he was 
licensed to practice in New Jersey. 

There is no profession calling for more 
heroic service and personal self-sacrifice 
than the medical, and the certificates which 
Dr. Ciaramelli has in his possession indicate 
that in times of danger he has ever been 
found true and faithful. The soldier who 
goes forth to battle is inspired by the strains 
of martial music, by the inspiration of num- 
bers and the rattle of artillery, but the phy- 
sician goes forth often in the silent watches 
of the night to fight alone the grim messen- 
ger, death, upheld only by a sense of duty 
and his own humanitarian wish to relieve 
the suffering of a fellow creature. On the 
31st of December, 1885, Dr. Ciaramelli re- 
ceived a certificate and bronze medal from 
Minister Depretes, secretary of state for the 
Italian government, in recognition of his 
professional services in the province of Na- 
ples during the cholera epidemic of 1884. 
On the 24th of June, 1888, he received a 
certificate from the minister of public 
health, by direction of the minister of the 
interior of the Italian government, in com- 
memoration of his professional services dur- 
ing the cholera epidemic in the province of 
Lecce, Italy, in 1886. Such testimonials 
are highly to be prized and plainly indicate 
the character of the Doctor, who considers 



no personal interest when the needs of 
suffering humanity appeal to him. 

Dr. Ciaramelli was united in marriage in 
Naples. March 19, 1890, to Miss Julia Gau- 
diosa, and although their residence in New- 
ark covers but a short period they have al- 
ready won many friends, by whom they are 
highly esteemed. 



CAPT. HIRAM COOK, 

of Verona, is one of the loyal sons of the 
country, who, in the dark days of the civil 
war, ofifered his services to his country and 
braved danger and death in his efforts to 
preserve the Union. For two years he 
valiantly followed the old flag, and in the 
midst of civil life he has manifested the 
same loyalty to his duties of citizenship. 

Captain Cook was born in Hanover, 
Morris county. New Jersey, on the 15th of 
April, 1827, descending from good old 
Revolutionary ancestry. His grandfather 
Cook, and his great-grandfather. Colonel 
Ellis Cook, a native of Ireland, were both 
patriots in the war for independence, and 
the latter had a son, who fell in battle dur- 
ing the French and Indian war. John Bed- 
ford, also a great-grandfather of our sub- 
ject, enlisted in the American army and 
aided in the overthrow of British tyranny on 
American soil. Benjamin Cook, the father 
of our subject, was bom on the old Cook 
homestead in Morris county, in 1793, and, 
no less loyal than his ancestors, served his 
country in the war of 1812. He passed 
his life as a cabinet-maker and undertaker 
at Hanover, where he died in 1885. He 
married Celia Lacy, daughter of George 
Lacy, who was also a Revolutionary soldier. 
Her death occurred in 1870. Their chil- 
dren were as follows: Captain Hiram, An- 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



297 



drew J., who was a member of the Fifth 
New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, and died 
from wounds received in battle; Edward, 
who was one of the "boys in blue" of the 
Tenth New Jersey Volunteers, and died in 
the service immediately after the battle of 
the Wilderness; Luther, who was a lieu- 
tenant in a New York regiment, and died in 
captivity in Andersonville prison; James, 
of Morris county; Isabel, wife of Vozef 
Sayers, of Springfield, New Jersey; and 
Gertrude, who became the wife of a Mr. 
Doty, and they are both deceased. The 
father of this family was twice married, and 
by the first union had a son, William, who 
entered the army with a regiment from Ver- 
milion county, Illinois, and died in the 
service. 

Captain Cook, whose name introduces 
this article, spent his early boyhood days on 
the home farm, but at the age of seventeen 
left the parental roof and began learning 
the carpenter's trade under the direction of 
Jabez Cook, of Newark. After completing 
his apprenticeship, he engaged in contract 
work for three or four years in that city. 
At length he was induced to remove to 
Verona in the belief that the locality ofifered 
exceptional inducements for investors and 
especially to men of progressive, enterpris- 
ing ideas as well as means. Accordingly he 
purchased a tract of land of sixty acres, laid 
it ofT into lots and began its improvement, 
by the erection of pleasant residences there- 
on. He has been identified with real-estate 
speculation in Verona for the past thirty 
years, and his judicious investments, keen 
foresight and sound judgment have so en- 
abled him to conduct his business as to make 
it very profitable and satisfactory. He has 
been identified with every movement 
toward securing a locomotive railroad and 



providing other means of rapid transit, and 
his efforts in behalf of the town have proven 
most beneficial. His dealings are con- 
ducted with the strictest regard to the ethics 
of commercial life, and his honesty and fair- 
ness in all trade transactions have won the 
unqualified confidence of the public. His 
energy, resolute purpose and indefatigable 
labor are the factors that have contributed 
most largely to his success and made him 
one of the substantial citizens of the com- 
munity. 

Captain Cook was married in 1850 to 
Miss Esther Brown, who died in 1868, leav- 
ing the following-named children: George, 
now a contractor in the Oranges; Dr. Wil- 
ber. who is supervisor of the insane asylum 
in Middletown, New York; and Elwood, a 
plumber and gas-fitter of Newark. For his 
second wife the Captain chose Miss Mary 
J. Mills, daughter of John Mills, and this 
union has been blessed with four children: 
Floreta, Edna, Benjamin and Celia. 

Coming of a family whose patriotism has 
been tried on many a sanguinary battle- 
field, it is not strange that our subject was 
found among the loyal defenders of his 
country when the hydra-headed monster, 
rebellion, threatened to crush the nation. 
In the first year of the war he responded to 
the president's call for troops, enlisting as a 
member of Company D, Fifth New Jersey 
Infantry. He entered the service as a pri- 
vate, but was detailed as engineer on the 
stafT of General Hooker, being engaged in 
the building of roads, pontoons, bridges and 
docks, and keeping open a way of communi- 
cation with the rear of the army. His 
duties exposed him to the dangerous fire of 
the enemy many times, and on one occasion 
the flesh from his leg and ankle was carried 
away by a shell, this wound forcing his re- 



298 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



tirement from the service in 1863. He is 
now a member of Bartlet Post, G. A. R., 
and has s