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Full text of "A Biographical and genealogical history of southeastern Nebraska"

Gc M.t:! 

978.2 

B51 

v.l 

12 71402 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRA 



3 1833 01065 6962 



A 



BiogTaphical and (iCnealoLncal History 



Southeastern Nebraska 



VOL. I 



ILLUSTRATED 



CHICAGO NEW YORK 

THE LEWIS PUBLISHIXC CO^H'ANY 

1904 ■ , . 



"f' Preface. 

y 1271102 

y> 

I Out of the deptlis of his mature wisdom Carlyle wrote, "Historv 

is the essence of innumerable biographies." Believing this to be tlie 
fact, there is no necessity of advancing any further reason for tlie com- 
pilation of sucli a work as this, if reliable history is to be the ultimate 
object. 

Southeastern Nelira.ska has sustained within its confines men who 
\m\e been prominent in public affairs and great industrial enterprises 
for half a century. The annals teem with the records of strong and 
noble manhood, and, as Sumner has said, "the true grandeur of nations 
is in those qualities which constitute the greatness of the individual." 
The final causes which shape ihe fortunes of indi\-iduals and the des- 
tinies of States are often the same. They are usually remote and obscure, 
and their influence scarcely perceived until manifestly declared by results. 
That nation is the greatest which produces the greatest and most manly 
men and faithful women; and the intrinsic safety of a community 
depends not so much upon methods as upon that normal development 
from the deep resources of which proceeds all that is precious and per- 
manent in life. But such a result may not consciously be contemplated 
by the actors in the great social drama. T\u-suing each his personal good 
by exalted means, they work out national destiny as a logical result. 
The elements of success in life consist in looth innate capacity and 



iv PREFACE. 

determination to excel. Where eitlier is wanting, failure is almost cer- 
tain in the outcome. The study of a successful life, therefore, serves 
hoth as a source of information and as a stimulus and encouragement 
to those who have the capacity. .\s an important lesson in this con- 
nection we may appropriately quote Longfellow, who said: "We judge 
ourselves hy what we feel capahle of doing, while we judge others by 
what they have already done." A faithful personal history is an illus- 
tration of the truth of his observation. 

In this biographical histors' the editorial staff, as well as the pub- 
lishers, have fully realized the magnitude of the task. In the collection 
of die material there has been a constant aim to discriminate carefully 
in regard to the selection of subjects. Those who have been iirominent 
factors in the public, social and industial de\-elopment of the country 
ha\-e been given due recognition as far as it has been possiI:)le to secure 
the requisite data. Names worthy of perpetuation here, it is true, 
ha\'e in several instances been omitted, either on account of the apathy 
of those concerned or the inability of the comiiilers to secure the informa- 
tion necessary for a symmetrical sketch ; but even more jiains have been 
taken to secure accuracy than were promised in the prospectus. \Vorks 
of this nature, therefore, are more relialile and complete tlian are the 
"standard" histories of a country. 

THE PUBLISHERS. 



Index. 



Acbenbach, Lewis 402 

Akin, Almon M 595 

Aldrich, Benton 353 

Allpress, Henry A 808 

Allvord, William H $2 

Ammernian, U. S 629 

Andrews, A. D 269 

Armstrong, George B 100 

Ashenfelter, J. W 239 

Aumiller, John 507 

Avery, W. H 689 

Axtell, Daniel 685 

Bacon. Caleb M 681 

Bailey, Benjamin H 515 

Baker, Luther S 569 

Baker, William II 444 

Barclay, Andrew D 904 

Barnes, Casner 112 

Barnes, C- D 539 

Barnhart, John W 129 

Beeler, J. A 1063 

Belding, G. T 66 

Bell, Alexander 805 

Bell, James T 806 

Bennett, Robert D 284 

Bill, Edwin J 69S 

Binger, Henry 769 

Black, Toliver P 672 

Blandin, John F 784 

Blessing, Clayton E 44 

Borst, Alanson M 479 

Bower, Henry T 693 

Boyd, Edward M 854 

Boyd, Robert C 42 

Brandow, William 499 

Brandt, John H 975 

Bridges, Henry C 878 

Brown, Harvey A 521 

Brown, Jefferson D 388 

Brown, J. P 666 

Brown, M. M 880 

Burress, James M 248 

Bush, Walter D 291 

Butler, Chatfield H 873 

Caldwell, Samuel L 37 



Caley, Lewis 861 

Callen, Harvey J 208 

Callison, Jesse B 977 

Camp, Chester R 116 

Carey, Peter 97 

Carmichael, John 894 

Carmony, Frank A 193 

Carmony, John W 567 

Carpenter, Jonathan 471 

Carr, Preston W 1064 

Castor, Bernard L 772 

Chaffin, Shadrach Pil 224 

Chaney, William R 87 

Chase, Lumon 761 

Chubbuck, Carlton K 530 

Clapp, Robert A 605 

Clark, Mrs. Mary E 312 

Clark, William A 195 

Clark, William L 495 

Coatney, John H 185 

Cole, Sanford D 425 

Collins, Andrew G 650 

Colman, Allen 847 

Confer, Daniel 153 

Conner, Monroe 1" 187 

Copeland, Thomas 49 

Cornell, John F 256 

Coulter, Robert 803 

Cowel, James 108 

Cowperthwait, S. J 943 

Cramb, E. M 54i 

Crane, William H 560 

Cravens, Joseph M 383 

Creuz, Charles 201 

Crinklaw, Robert 552 

Crook, Jesse 474 

Croop, Morton 1052 

Crow, George 306 

Cussins, Jackson 424 

Cussins, James 421 

Dalbey, J. Lee 294 

Darnell, George 856 

Darr, Francis D 818 

Davidson, S. P 536 

Davies, John 267 

Davis, Daniel D 160 



INDEX. 



Davis, Nathaniel E 600 

Day, E. H 663 

Day, Harry A 963 

Dean, Lewis H 281 

Deffer, Augustus 787 

DeKalb, Thomas J 668 

Deubler, Conrad 513 

Diller, Andrew 825 

Diller, Jacob K 587 

Diller, W. H 631 

Doane College 832 

Dodge, Seth W 603 

Dooley, Samuel B 183 

Dort, Edward H 63 

Dorrington, Williain E 418 

Downey, W. F 641 

Downs, Mrs. Catherine 429 

Doyle, James E 80 

Druerj', Jonas 325 

Dundas, John H 82 

Dustin, George T 25 

Dye, George E 12 

Easley, Drury T 367 

Easley, Stephen R- 919 

Eckhardt, August 210 

Edgar, W. H. 871 

Edgerton, William S16 

Ellis, William A 1016 

Engel, J. Louis 89 

Enlow, O. i\I 410 

Enoch, Absalom M 149 

Erisman, Henry B 191 

Fairall, Truman E 538 

Fall, C. P 903 

Fallstead, George H 390 

Feather, Peter W 1034 

Forney, Joseph 1041 

Fowler, Charles L 554 

Frankforter, David 763 

Frankforter, Noah 766 

Frederick, John 76 

Freel, Oliver 901 

Friday, John H 550 

Frieze, John 1 1044 

Fritz, L. R 447 

Fry, Isaac M 914 

Fuller, Mrs. Sarah E 103 

Fulton, Wesley M 351 

Furnas, Robert W 2 

Gaede, William 22 

Gage, Edward D. and Family 983 

Gallant, William 653 

Gardner, I- S 697 

C.illf'Spic, P. L 431 



Gilliland, Josiah 163 

Gilmore, Andrew H 14S 

Gilmore, Robert G 4° 

Gilmore, William .M 584 

Gi\en, H. A 428 

Glasgow, Sterling P 9SS 

Goin, James K. 458 

uoin, Phillip 1029 

Goldner, William 422 

Goodman, Daniel 123 

Graff, Gus 4S6 

Graves, Albion, 968 

Griffin, E. P 836 

Grimes, Joseph W 857 

Green, Francis 626 

Greenwood, H. A 870 

Grout, Arnold W 906 

Hacker, Charles R 78 

Haddan, John C i 

Hageman, Gaddis P 798 

Haggard, George T 638 

Hahn, Frederick J 524 

Hahn, Mrs. Callv.rine 526 

Hamershani. James 1031 

Harden, Charles 349 

Harmon, Henry 10 

Harris, G. A. " 973 

Hassler, Fred. S 274 

Hastings, George H 728 

Hawley, William H 518 

Hazard, Ashbcl P 648 

Heilman, W- L 490 

Helvey. Henry W 675 

Hclvev, Hiram P 1053 

Helvcy, Jasper 574 

Hensel, Claude P 807 

Heppcrlen, H. M 266 

Hcskett, John W 264 

Hibbert, Thoinas E 1074 

Hickman, Isaac N 399 

Hildebrand, Arthur E 74i 

Hileman, Milton 94i 

Hockman, Noah 726 

Holbrook, Stephen F 1057 

Holroyd, William 211 

Holtgrewe, John F 5" 

Hoover, Mrs. Harriet 74 

Hoover, Harry G 296 

Homey, Joseph M 742 

Flosford, James W 3S8 

Hossack, John .378 

Houck, James 654 

Houseman, Harry 814 

Howe, Seymour -. . . 896 

Huffman, Elisha 376 

Hughes, Amos T. D 958 



INDEX. 



Hummel, Wesley G 231 

Humphreys, Thomas Vv 50J 

Hurlburt, M. C S85 

Hurst, Charles B 220 

Hutchinson, Oswin S. 927 

Huyck, Isaac 488 

Isaac, S^ven A 261 

Jacobs, William 746 

James, P. H. 54 

Jeffrey, J. 862 

Jelinek, To^epli. Tr ion 

Tenkuis rhiliii 226 

joh.-M,, Janic. 724 

John-..!). I'urtcr C 531 

Johnston, William J 701 

Jones, Benjamin I-' 320 

Jones, Joel T 965 

Jones, William W 37^ 

Jump, John D 1033 

Karten, Frank ■ 709 

Kauffman, William M 141 

Kechely, Mechior 1014 

Keecly, Thomas J 57 

Kennedy, George L 435 

Kennedy, Stephen ^^' 4," 

Kimball, F. E 362 

King, John P 30J 

Kinney, Samuel A 364 

Kirk, .Mrs. Laura D 1013 

Koepptl, Albert 215 

Lake, D. B 293 

Lambert, John E 126 

Langley, Moses 533 

Lapp, Henry C 400 

Lawrence, Abraham L- 68 

Lawrence, John A 482 

Leedom, Conoway 921 

Leeper, Albert C 213 

Legate, Ehvard K 448 

Lescher. Joseph 405 

Lewis, George B 343 

Lewis, John B 314 

Lightbodv, Isaac 6yy 

Lillv, Gu'ilford 138 

Lilly, Wilson S 866 

Liltle, (k-orge F 945 

Littrell, Dan L 565 

Loch, O. H 287 

Lohr, William H 194 

London, John 547 

Loofbourrow, Abner R 131 

Lore. George L- 8 



Louderback, i\Iills 610 

Lowery, W. B 883 

Lum, George 243 

Lutgen, Sidney B 545 

Lyford, Victor G 737 

Lynch, John H 1050 

3iIajors, Thomas J 204 

Manley, Abram F 473 

}ilarlatt, Jeremiah 158 

?\larrs, Frank L 1042 

:\larshall, Thomas C 1047 

Martin, Everard 812 

^lassey, T. E. 491 

blasters, Joseph D 618 

Mather, Daniel 1023 

Maust, Elias A 411 

Maxwell, Edward T 311 

:\Iaxu-ell, Mrs. Ann 309 

Maxwell. Jackson 464 

Mc.\dams, Robert T 1008 

McBride, Daniel L 478 

.McCandlass, A, D 824 

McComas, Edward M 439 

McComas, Mortiiner M 443 

-McDowell, Joseph B 542 

?\IcElhosc, Robert 392 

^IcGuire, James A 432 

Mclninch, William H. 93 

McKibben, J. W 346 

?\lcKiunev, Alfred 1017 

.McMulk'u, Adam 869 

AlcXickle, A. B 416 

McXiiwn, I'Vank L 254 

Mead, Giles H 792 

?\Ieader, Cyrus C 276 

!Meliza, Michael 233 

Meyers, Henry S 406 

Millar, Appollas H 375 

Jililler, Franklin 907 

Miller, John 924 

Miller, Theodore H 730 

Moffitt, Andrew 888 

Moles, James S 581 

Moore, Jacob W., 385 

^Moore, Thomas 797 

]\Iorris, Lewis H- 369 

Moses, Ebenezer 852 

Muff, Mrs. Catharine 703 

?iluir, Robert V 315 

:\Iutz, ..\lbcrt B 51 

Mutz, .\nslin C 15 

Nelson, Ross W 366 

Nider, John 951 

Nntzman. Louis J 506 

Nye, C, F 34 



INDEX. 



Ogle, Joseph iSo 

Ord, Clarence E 170 

Ottens, Bernard 178 

Overman, James H 270 

Ozman, William L 781 

Pace, James W 409 

Page, Alfred, 228 

Palmer, John 251 

Palmer, Phillip 252 

Parker, Fred 175 

Parks, Robert B. 799 

Parriolt, William C 59 

Peabody, Valentine P 328 

Percival, Judson 929 

Perry, David P 828 

Perry, James K 937 

Pettit, Samuel 980 

Phillips, W. H 859 

Pickrell, William 899 

Pittman, Joseph K no 

Pittenger, Reuben S 930 

Place, George M 1059 

Poc, Thomas B 1025 

Pohlman, John H 118 

Porterfield, James N 381 

Prouty, Francis L- 1019 

Pyle, George W 1027 

Randall, Myron G 85 

Randall, Orlando T 874 

Raynor, James 104 

Reed, Enos H 426 

Reed, Francis B 527 

Reed, Harrison 462 

Reid, D, J 492 

Retchless, William 467 

Richards, W, H 21 

Riddle, W. M 633 

Riesenberg, Frank W 155 

Robinson, Edward 571 

Rodebaugh, Daniel F. 1071 

Roe, Joseph E 849 

Rogers, Edwin J 623 

Rogers, George A 621 

Rogge, J. H. F 946 

Rohmeyer, Louis H 114 

Root, Mrs. Emeretta 961 

Rounds, Lorin 61 

Rubelman, George J 537 

Sanders, William W 450 

Schoonover, Hiram 469 

Scott, Henry A 165 

Scott, Robert T 278 

Shade, Daniel A. 1060 

Shafer, Jlichacl 288 



Shannon, Greenville G 459 

Shaw, James 1 341 

Shepherd, Alexander 841 

Shepstall, Daniel 838 

Shepstall, George W 839 

Shepstall, Nathaniel 1 840 

Sherwood, David A 953 

Shook, John H 17 

Showalter, Benjamin F. 497 

Shubert, Henry W 1065 

Shubert, John D 297 

Shufeldt, H. W 717 

Skeen, Benjamin T ... 135 

Skeen, Thomas B 29 

Skinner, John B 64 ? 

Sloan, W. T 301 

Slocum, Samuel E 395 

Smith, Albert F 891 

Smith. George Y 577 

Smith, Mrs. Eliza C 245 

Smith, William 949 

Smith, William W 453 

Snyder, Anthony W 300 

Snyder, Edward W 484 

Snyder, James A 651 

Spirk, John F yy6 

Stainbrook, Marcus 658 

Stainbrook, W. B 661 

Starr, Joseph W 932 

Starr, Peter D 748 

Stephenson, James .\ 70 

Stewart, Washington 636 

Stewart, Charles F ' 8 

Stockman, Thomas J 152 

Stowell, William H 91 

Sullivan, Michael 715 

Sykes, Jasper M 876 

Taylor, J. S 558 

Taylor, William M 241 

Teale, Joseph 721 

Thacker, Levi 336 

Thompson, Isaac N 591 

Tidball, John L. 909 

Tigard, Samuel 720 

Tout, John M 863 

Towne, Reuben J 1049 

Tramblie, Julius 1055 

Trimmer, Thaddeus 699 

Tucker, Edward J 172 

Turner, Robert T 1045 

Twedell, Simon 493 

Tynon, William 198 

Upton, David 753 

\'ance. George C 597 



INDEX. 



VanDeventer, Morgan H 2i2 

Van Valkenbiirg, Dudley 347 

Vertrees, Samuel D 1032 

Viette, William 1037 

Vilda, Wencil 75i 

Vollbehr, John 93<) 

WaWter, Louis 796 

Walker, Benjamin 615 

Walker, W. H 238 

Ward, George E 972 

Ward, H. L 97i 

Ward, John A- 280 

Watson, Henrick L 125 

Watson, William, 218 

Welch, Henry C 756 

Wells, Horace M 7" 

Welton, Charles M 322 

Welsh, John B 606 

Wendorff, Ferdinand 790 

Weston. AVilliam 864 



\Vetniore, H. J 446 

Wey, Charles A 143 

Wheeler, Theodore M 779 

Whitaker Brothers 734 

White, William 28 

Whitfield, Needham P, S45 

Whillnw. TclcT 801 

Whitncv. A\-illi;,ni L 646 

Wnkir, DaM,! 338 

William-, laiiKN A 1040 

Willoughby, Winfield S O12 

Wilson, Joseph D 759 

Wilson, Walter H 923 

Wilson, W. P 974 

Winter, F. W 1039 

Wirick, John 504 

Wirtli. Lewis P 433 

Woodman. John H 820 

Wright, W. W 397 

Zook, Abraham 2^f' 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



JOHN C. HADDAN. 

John C. Haddan, of \\'ymore, Gage county, Nebraska, one of the 
leading residents of that locahty and a prominent veteran of the Civil 
war, has lived in Nebraska for thirty-two years and in this county for 
nineteen years. 

His enlistment took place at Putnam, Putnam count}'. Indiana, in 
August, 1861, in Company I, Twenty-seventh Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, Colonel Silas Colgrove in command. After a long and exciting 
term of service he was honorably discharged in February, 1863, and 
returned home. During his service at one time it was supposed he was 
taken prisoner, but he escaped as he was at that time guarding a train 
of su]iplies. He was in the battles of Winchester, Virginia, Straws- 
burg, Virginia, Banks' retreat in the Shenandoah A^alley, Cedar Moun- 
tain, second battle of Bull Run. 

John C. Haddan was born in Piitnam county, Indiana, not far 
from Putnamville, July 15, 1840, the year William H. Harrison was 
elected president. He was a son of Isaac Haddan and Mary (Wilson) 
Haddan, the former of whom died in Page county, Iowa, at the age of 
sixtj'-five years, while the mother, who was born in 1808, died aged 
eighty-six years. These worthy people had eight sons and three daugh- 
ters. 

Mr. Haddan is a grandson of John Haddan, a native of Virginia, 



2 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

born and reared a farmer. John moved to Ktentucky with his parents 
when a young man and they settled in Owen county. Jolin Haddan 
fought under (leneral Harrison at tlie battle of Tippecanoe. After that 
war he moved from Kentucky to Putnam county, Indiana, where he 
died aged one hundred years. He had two brothers, William and 
Robert, and they all served in the war under General Harrison. Robert 
was one of General Harrison's aides. John C. Haddaii resided in Iowa 
for some years after having come to that state with his parents, and 
in 1872 he removed to Nebraska. \Miile still residing in Iowa, he was 
married to IMary I. ^^''ymore, a daughter of Robert and Elizabeth (Mc- 
Mann) ^^^•more. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Wyniore were: 
Abram \l.. who served in the Fortieth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, died 
at Helena, Arkansas: Mathew, who died while a member of the Fortieth 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry: James H., of the same regiment. 

Working steadily to gain a comfortable home for himself and 
family Mr. Haddan is now the owner of four houses and lots and his 
home place is surrounded by four acres of ground. His house is a 
pleasant fi\-e-room cottage, comfortably furnished. In politics he is a 
Republican, and he is past commander of Coleman Post No. 115, G. A. 
R. Mrs. Haddan is a member of the Christian Science Club. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Haddan are well and favorably known throughout the 
entire communitv. 



EX- GOVERNOR ROBERT W. FURNAS. 

Robert \\'ilkinson Furnas was born on a farm near Troy, Miami 
county, Ohio, May 5, 1824, being a son of William and Martha (Jen- 
kins) Furnas, both natives of Newberry, South Carolina, where the 
father was born in 1804 and the latter in 1800. In the paternal line the 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 3 

family is traced back to the great-grandfather of our subject, John 
Furnas, who was born at Standing Stone, Cumberland, England, March 
5, 1736, while his son, Thomas Wilkinson, the grandfather of Robert 
W., was born at Bush River, South Carolina, March 2t,, 1768. Both 
the paternal and maternal ancestors were Friends or Quakers. William 
and Martha Furnas died of cholera within a few days of each other, at 
Troy, Ohio, in the year 183J. In their family were three children, the 
twin brother of Robert W. dying in infancy, and the daughter, Mary 
Elizabeth, died at the age of eighteen years. 

Robert Wilkinson Furnas was reared in the home of his grand- 
father Furnas until twelve years of age, receiving but limited educational 
advantages in his youth, and his school days were limited to about 
twelve months. For two years, from the age of tweh-e to fourteen 
years, he served as "chore boy" in the general store of Singer & Brown, 
of Troy, Ohio. At the age of fourteen years he was apprenticed to 
the tinsmith's trade, in which he ser\-ed for four years, and then served 
a four years' apprenticeship to Rich C. Langdon, of the Licking Valley 
Register. Covington, Kentucky, there learning in detail the art of 
printing. After the expiration of his term of apprenticeship he, with 
A. G. Sparhawk, for some years conducted a book and job printing- 
house in Cincinnati, Ohio, during which time he was also the publisher 
of several periodicals. Returning to his native county of Troy in 
1846, he there purchased antl published The Times at the county seat, 
but after a number of years thus spent he retired from the newspaper 
business and engaged in the clock, watch, jewelry and notion trade in the 
same town, also serving as the village clerk and deputy postmaster. On 
the completion of the Dayton & Michigan Railroad to Troy, he entered 
the employ of that company as railroad and express agent and conductor. 

In March, 1836, Mr. Furnas came t(j Brownville, Nebraska, bring- 



4 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ing ^\•it!l him a printing press and outfit and again ventured into the 
journahstic field. He established, published and edited the Nebraska 
Advertiser, which is still published in Nemaha county, and in 1868 
published and edited the Nehrcska fariiwr, that being the first agri- 
cultural paper edited in Nebraska. In the same fall in which he came 
to the state he was elected to the council branch of the territorial legisla- 
ture, serving four consecutive years, and was elected by that body the 
public printer, printing the laws and journals of the fourth session of the 
legislature. During his first session he was the author of the first com- 
mon school law for Nebraska, also the law creating the territorial, now 
state, board of agriculture. During his term as a legislator he intro- 
duced and secured the passage of many acts of both local and general im- 
portance, naver having failed in securing the passage of a bill when 
introduced. He was conspicuous in the passage of an act declaring 
against holding sla\-es in Nebraska. 

At the breaking out of the war between the states Mr. Furnas was 
commissioned by the then acting governor J- Sterling Morton, colonel 
of the territorial militia and was afterward commissioned, by acting 
governor A. S. Paddock, brigadier general in the same service for the 
district south of the Platte river. \\'ithout solicitation on his part he 
was appointed and commissioned by President Lincoln, Alru-ch 22, 1862, 
colonel in the regular army, being mustered into the service by Lieu- 
tenant C. S. Bowman, of Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, May 22, 1862, and 
under this commission organized three Lidian regiments from the Lidian 
Nation, composed of Creeks, Seminoles, Choctaws, Chickasaws and 
Cherokee Indians, commanding the brigade. In this campaign Colonel 
Furnas had with him as members of his staff and Indian advisers the 
two noted Seminole chiefs, Opotholoholo, then said to be over one hun- 
dred years old, and Billy Bow Legs. These two Indian leaders, it will 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 5 

be remembered, were conspicuous characters in the Florida-Seminole 
war of 1838. While in this service Colonel Furnas captured the cele- 
brated Cherokee Indian chief, John Ross, and family, sending them to 
Washington, D. C, for conference with the president of the United 
States. This terminated the trouble in the Indian nation. With these 
Indians he fought several successful battles against white confederate 
soldiers on the border of the IMissouri and in the Indian territory. 
Colonel Furnas was detailed from this service with a special commission 
from the noted "Jim Lane" to recruit in Nebraska, recruiting largely the 
Second Nebraska Cavahy. He entered that ser\-ice as a private, but was 
later commissioned captain of Company E, and when the regiment was 
completed was by Governor Alvin Saunders commissioned colonel of 
the same and served under General Sully in his northern Indian expedi- 
tion against the Sioux and other hostile Indians north, near British pos- 
sessions. The Second Nebraska Cavalry successfully fought the battle 
of ^^'hite Stone Hill against a treble number of the Sioux Indians. 

After the expiration of his term of service Colonel Furnas was hon- 
orably discharged, and soon afterward, without his knowledge, was ap- 
pointed by President Lincoln agent for the Omaha Indians in northern 
Nebraska, ser\'ing nearly four years, during which time he also had 
charge of the \Mnnebago and Ponca Indian tribes. During his term as 
Indian agent, from a condition of annual support by the general govern- 
ment, he ele\-ated the Omaha Indians agriculturally to the production 
and sale of forthy thousand bushels of surplus corn in one year. Through 
his efforts the mission school increased from thirty-five to one hundred 
and forty-five pupils. For political disloyalty to "Andy" Johnson he 
was removed by him, he having succeeded Lincoln after his assassin- 
ation. Returning to Brownville. • Mr. Furnas engaged again in the 
newspaper business and later turned his attention to farming in Nemaha 



6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

county. Politically He was an old-line \Vhig and afterward a Republi- 
can, and in 1872 he was elected the governor of Nebraska. After his 
term of service expired he returned to Brownville, where he has ever 
since been engaged in farming and fruit and forest-tree growing. Since 
coming to this state he has also held numerous other official positions, 
as follows : president and secretary of the state board of agriculture, 
president and secretary of the state horticultural society, president of the 
state horticultural society, jiresident of the Nebraska soldiers' union, 
vice president of the American Pomological Society, president of inter- 
national fairs and expositions, president of the American Fair Associa- 
tion, president of the first trans-Mississippi irrigation convention at Den- 
ver, Colorado, in 1879, a delegate to the convention at Topeka, Kansas, 
in 1857, to form a new territory composed of land between the mouth 
of the Kaw and Platte rivers, United States commissioner to Phila- 
delphia centennial, the New Orleans cotton centennial, Chicago Colum- 
bian exposition and special commissioner of the international exposi- 
tion at London, England. For two years Mr. Furnas was special agent 
for the United States pension bureau, and was a member of the first 
board of regents of the University of Nebraska, a portion of the time 
being president of the board. He was also special agent of the United 
States department of agriculture to investigate the agricultural needs 
of California, \Vashington, Oregon and New Mexico, also to obtain 
forestry data for territory between the Mississippi river and the Pacific 
coast, and special agent to obtain national data for the L'nited States 
treasury department. He was a delegate to the national convention 
which first nominated General Grant for president, and was a member 
of the committee on resolutions. 

While a resident of Cincinnati, Ohio, on the 29th of October, 1845, 
Mr. Furnas was married to Miss Mary E. McComas, and eight children 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 7 

were born to them, six sons and two daughters, as follows : William 
Edward, who was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, October 13, 1846, served 
as a soldier in the Union army during the Civil war, and died in a hos- 
pital at Omaha, Nebraska, December 16, 1862; Filmore Taylor, born 
in Troy, Ohio, October 29, 1848, died in Brownville, Nebraska, April 
21, 1864; Arthur W. was born in Troy, Ohio, June 30, 1850; George 
Gilbert was born in that city on the 25th of ]\Iay, 1852, and married 
Charlotte Judkins, at Brownville, September 25, 1873; Joh" Somerville 
Inskip, who was born in Troy, Ohio, February 6, 1855, married Martha 
Cook in California, May 14, 1889; Mollie, who was born in Brownville, 
June 23, 1857, was married in this city June 16, 1880, to William J. 
Weber; Celia Hensley was born in this city June 29, i860, was here 
married, June 5, 1895, to Edward E. Lowman: and Robert, who was 
born in Brownville August 29, 1862, died in the Omaha Indian reserva- 
tion on the i6th of May, 1864. Mr. and Mrs. Furnas have a unique 
volume entitled "The Golden Anniversary of Robert W. Furnas and 
Mary E. Furnas," dated Brownville, Nebraska, 1895, contains one hun- 
dred and seventeen pages and is filled with reminiscences and congratula- 
tory letters from their many friends. This volume is dedicated to their 
children. Mr. Furnas is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic 
and the military order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. He has 
filled all the grand chairs in the Masonic bodies of the state, also in the 
order of Odd Fellows in Nebraska and served as rqjresentative to the 
grand lodge of the United States. In religion he was born a Quaker, 
but when nineteen years old identified himself with the Methodist church, 
and after coming to Nebraska connected himself with the Presbyterian 
church, of which he is vet a member. 



8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

CHARLES F. STEWART, M. D. 

Dr. Charles F. Stewart, of Auburn, lias practiced medicine in the 
territory and state of Nel3raska longer than any other living physician, 
and from the pioneer days to the present has enjoyed a most honorable 
and useful career both as a professional man and as a civilian. 

Dr. Stewart was born in Switzerland county, Indiana. August 28, 
1832, so that he has already passed the age of threescore and ten, and 
is yet active and vigorous in the prosecution of his daily duties. He 
came to Nemaha county, in the then territoiy of Nebraska, in 1857, and 
this county has been the principal theatre of his activity in all the many 
subsequent years. He was acting assistant surgeon during the war of 
the rebellion. He was for a number of years superintendent of the 
Nebraska Hospital for the Insane at Lincoln He was a member of the 
state board of health for seven years. He has been a United States 
examining surgeon for the pension department for more than twenty 
years, and in addition to all these duties and responsibilities has been 
continually engaged in the practice of his profession in the territorjr and 
state, so that now, in point of years of service, he is the dean of the med- 
ical fraternitv of Nebraska. 



GEORGE L. LORE. 

George L. Lore, who has been serving as county clerk of Pawnee 
county, Nebraska, since his election in 1901, is one of the popular county 
officials and a resident of Pawnee City. He is a native son of the county, 
and has li\-ed within its boundaries all his life, so that he deserves men- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. g 

tion ns well for his own honorable career as also for the fact that he is 
a son of a pioneer homesteader and long-established citizen of the state. 

His father, John P. Lore, after a long and useful life, has retired 
from active business affairs and is now enjoying the fruits of his labors, 
being a retired resident of Dubois, Pawnee county. He was born in 
^^'ayne county, Ohio, where he was reared and educated. He afterward 
mo\-ed to ^Missouri, where he married Sarah A. Liggett, .\fter their mar- 
riage they left ^Missouri, and, with firm belief in the future of the 
then Territory of Nebraska as destined to become one of the great com- 
monwealths of the Mississippi valley, settled in South Fork township. 
Pawnee county, w here he took up a homestead and developed a fine farm 
from the prairie. He has been a Republican most of his life, and served 
acceptabl}' as county commissioner for three years, and also held various 
other oflices. Four children were born to himself and wife: Charles F., 
of Emporia, Kansas ; Mrs. Alice Potts, of Dubois, Nebraska ; George 
L. ; and Mrs. X'ellie Bailey, of Carroll, Nebraska. 

George L. Lore was born in South Fork township. Pawnee countv, 
Nebraska, October 25, 1869. He was reared in the same locality, and 
enjoyed the advantages of a common school education, which was sup- 
plemented by a course at the Iowa Normal College. After he finished 
his scholastic career he was for ten years located at Dubois, this county, 
but after election to the office of county clerk in 1901 he moved to Pawnee 
City. He has always taken an acti\"e part in local politics, and during 
his incumbency of the present office has discharged his duties faithfully, 
conscientiously and ably, and has made friends among all classes of 
people. 

Li 1892 ^[r. Lore was married to Aliss Katherine Atkinson, a 
daughter of Albert G. and I\Iary .Atkinson, who are now living retired 
in Dubois. Mr. and Mrs. Lore have two children, Eugene A. and ]\Iil- 



lo • SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

dred T. Fraternally Mr. Lore is a popular member of the Knights of 
Pythias, belonging to the local lodge, No. 94, and has served as a dele- 
gate to the general lodge on several occasions. He is a member of the 
Methodist church. Upright in principles, pleasant in manner, able and 
well fitted for the duties of his office, Mr. Lore is justly regarded as a 
representative of the best interests of Pawnee county. 



HENRY HARMON. 

This venerable citizen, now living retired in Auburn, Nebraska, has 
entered the octogenarian ranks. Henry Harmon was born in East Ten- 
nessee, February 4, 1823, the son of Virginia parents. Nathan Harmon, 
his father, was a gunsmith by trade, at which he worked in Tennessee 
and Illinois, he having removed to the last named state in 1828 and set- 
tled in Hillsboro, Montgomery county. He married Rebecca Myers, 
about 1813, when both were young, the bride in her sixteenth year. 
Their children were: Elizabeth, who died in young womanhood; Polly, 
who also died in early life; George, who become the owner of large 
tracts of land in Missouri and Nebraska, was twice married and the 
father of four children, died in 1899; Lottie,- deceased; Henry, whose 
name introduces this review ; Reuben, deceased ; Davidson, a resident of 
Kansas City, has a wife and five children ; and Mrs. Nancy Jane Beebe, 
who has her third husband and is the mother of fi\-e children. The father 
of this family died in the prime of life, and the mother married again, 
a Mr. Fraisher, in Missouri, by whom she had one son, ^Vashington 
Fraisher, now a resident of California. She died in 1873, at the age of 
seventy-seven years. 

Henry Harmon in his youth had only limited advantages for obtain- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. ii 

ing an education. He remained at home until he reached his majority, 
assisting his father in the shop, and then he took to himself a wife. 
With small means the young couple settled down to married life in 
Atchison county, Missouri, where they bought eighty acres of land, on 
which they farmed four years. From 1853 to 1855 they lived on another 
farm in that county. Then, selling out, they came to Nemalia county, 
Nebraska, pre-empted one hundred and sixty acres of land in Doug- 
las precinct, where they established their home in a lob cabin, sixteen by 
twenty feet in dimensions. Since then Mr. Harmon has owned two 
other farms and had as much as four hundred acres at one time. He 
has carried on general farming and stock-raising, selling some of his 
cattle to the Chicago market. He sold his last farm a year ago. His 
pleasant home, a two-story residence, on the corner of First and High 
streets, in Auburn, Mr. Harmon built in 1891. 

Mr. Harmon was married March i, 1849, to ^I'ss Margaret Hand- 
ley, who was Ijorn in Missouri, November 11, 1833, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth (Hall) Handley, both natives of Kentucky. In the Hand- 
ley family were eight sons and four daughters, all of whom married and 
had children, and four of the number are now living. The father died 
at the age of eighty-eight years, in Atchison county, Missouri, and the 
mother followed him in death three days later, her age being seventy- 
six years. Mr. and Mrs. Harmon reared thirteen of their fourteen 
children, eight sons and six daugthers. namely: William, of Auburn, 
Nebraska, has a wife and three sons; John, also of Auburn, is married 
and has one daughter ; Mary Ann, who died at the age of nineteen years ; 
Rebecca, wife of Jacob Snyder, of Nance county, Nebraska, has five 
children ; George, of Auburn, is married and has one son and three 
daughters; Frank, of Oklahoma territory, has a wife, one son and two 
daughters; Sophrona, wife of Hugh Lockard, of Nance county, has a 



12 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

son and one daughter; Lavina, wife of \^'illiam McKinney, of Nemaha 
county; Sarah, wife of Wilham Ball, of Nemaha county, has one daugh- 
ter and one son; Charles is married and lives in Auburn; Andrew, of 
St. Paul. ^Minnesota, is married and has one son and two daughters; 
Nettie, wife of John McCarty, of Auburn; Harvey, of Columbus, Indi- 
ana, is married and has one son and one daughter; and Nathan, of 
David City. Nebraska, has a wife and one daughter. Three of the sons, 
Andrew, Harvey and Nathan, are ministers in the Christian church, and 
all are occupying honored and, useful positions in life. 

Some years ago, as the result of blood poisoning, Mr. Harmon suf- 
fered the loss of his left leg, and he now goes about with the aid of an 
artificial limb. He has also been afflicted with partial paralysis. Not- 
withstanding these afflictions, however, he retains his strength and facul- 
ties to a remarkable degree in his old age, and the weight of his eighty 
_\'ears rests lightly uixni him. Both he and his good wife are de\-oted 
members of the Christian church. Politically Mr. Harmon is a Demo- 
crat and filled various township offices. 



GEORGE E. DYE. 

George E. Dye. a retired farmer and merchant of Auburn, Nebras- 
ka, dates his birth in the Empire state, in Yates county. August 6, 1840. 
Mr. Dye's father. William Dye, was born in Madison county. New York, 
about 1803, and died in Madison, AMsconsin, in the spring of 1865. He 
was a son of John Dye, a native of Rhode Island, whose death occurred 
in New York state about the year 1843. Both John Dye and his wife 
were buried in Cazenovia, New York. She, too, was a native of Rhode 
Island and her maiden name was Rhodes. They were the parents of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 13 

nine children, eight sons and one daughter. The daughter died in early 
womanhood. The sons were James, Daniel, John, Waher, Rouse, Wil- 
ham, Natlian and Enoch. Ah married and all except \\'alter had chil- 
dren. Four of these eight sons were Baptist ministers and the otiier four 
were deacons in the Baptist church, and all lived to good old age. Wil- 
liam Dye was a minister, and Xew ^'urk and ^^'isconsin were the field of 
his labors. He married Miss Ann Bailey, who was born in New York 
state in 1806, and who survived him a short time, her death also occurring 
in \Visconsin. They were the parents of five sons and two daughters, 
namely : Julia, who died at the age of twelve years, in Senaca, Xew York ; 
William Henry, a harness-maker, located in Ottumwa, Iowa, is married 
and has a daughter and one son; Nathan P., who died in Nemaha county, 
Nebraska, in the prime of life; James R., a retired resident of San Diego, 
Califoniia, has two daughters; Mary E, married a cousin by the name of 
Dye, both being deceased, and they left one daughter. The next in order 
of birth was George E. The youngest, Charles L., died at the age of 
four years. 

George E. Dye was educated in the common schools of his native 
state. He removed with his parents from place to place, where his father 
was engaged in the work of the ministry, and he remained a member of 
the home circle until 1862. In August of that year, at Whitewater, Wis-' 
cousin, he volunteered for service in the Union ranks and entered the 
army as a musician in Company D, Twenty-eighth Wisconsin Volunteer 
Infantry. The fortunes of this command he shared for three years, 
meantime being promoted to the leadership of the regimental band. He 
was a non-commissioned officer of the staff. At Helena, Arkansas, he 
was ill with typhoid fever and he also had a serious illness at Pine Bluff, 
Arkansas, and when he returned to \Visconsin at the close of his service 
in 1865, it was with health much impaired. A well built man and with a 



14 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

fine constitution naturally, he in time recovered his health, and has since 
led an active, useful life. The exposures incident to war, however, sel- 
dom fail to leave their effects. Now, although still active in mind and 
body, Mr. Dye is a sufferer and is somewhat crippled from rheumatism. 

In 1869 Mr. Dye removed from Whitewater, Wisconsin, to Nebraska 
and settled in Nemaha county. His first land purchase here was eighty 
acres, for which he gave $7. 50 per acre, and which he sold in 1881 for 
the sum of three thousand dollars. He then bought one hundred and 
thirty-one acres, at a purchase price of two thousand six hundred dollars, 
and later added thirty-four acres, a part of which he has since disposed 
of. He moved to Auburn in February, 1901, and bought his present 
home. He also owns other property in town, including the building 
occupied by the postoffice. 

Mr. Dye married, in March, 1866, Miss Mary E. Grant, a native of 
Jefferson county, Wisconsin, born in 1847. She is a distant relative 
of General Grant, ^^'illard Grant, her father, was a man well known in 
Jefferson county. He was a mechanic, teacher and farmer, and served 
at different times in various public offices, township and county, and he 
was also elected to and served in the Wisconsin state leigslature. Mrs. 
Grant was Miss Sarah Dye, she being a daughter of Mr. Dye's uncle, 
James Dye. In the Grant family were seven children, of whom six are 
now living. Mr. and Mrs. Dye ha\-e had five children, as follows: 
Charles G., who is married and resides on a farm in Nemaha county; 
Edith E., who died at the age of twenty-six years; and Jessie V., Anna 
Blanche and Emery G., at home. The two daughters are graduates of 
the Auburn high school. All the children have inherited talent for 
music. The daughters are music teachers and the younger snn is cornetist 
in the Auburn band. Mr. Dye is a musician and for many years was a 
leader and teacher of bands. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 15 

Mr. Dye was fnrmerly a Republican, Init recently has been an inde- 
pendent in his political views, voting for men and measures rather than 
keeping close to part\- lines. He has membership in the Ancient Order 
United W'orkmen and in the Grand Army of the Republic, being identi- 
fied with Corley Post. Xo. 173, of which he is senior \'ice commander. 



AUSTIN C. MUTZ. 

Austin C. Mutz, the well known nurseryman at Auburn, Nebraska, 
is a native of the Hoosier state, and dates his birtli at Edinburg. 
February 18, 1850. 

]\Ir. JMutz, as his name suggests, is of German origin. His grand- 
father and grandmother Mutz were natives of Germany. Emigrating 
with their family to America, they settled tirst in Pennsylvania and 
subsequently moved farther west, locating near Dayton, Ohio, where 
they spent the rest of their lives and died, his death occurring at the age 
of eighty years, and hers seven years later, at the age of seventy-seven. 
They left five sons and one daughter, namely: John, the father of 
Austin C. ; Jacob, a retired farmer living near Edinburg, Indiana; Adam, 
a druggist, died in Indiana, in 1899, leaving a family of sons and 
daughters ; Peter, a resident of Aberdeen, South Dakota ; Abram, a 
grocer of Edinburg, Indiana, is married and has a son and daughter: and 
Mary, wife of a' Mr. Darner, of Dayton, Ohio. 

John Mutz, the eldest of the above named family, was born in 
Pennsylvania, and was eight years old at the time his parents moved 
to Ohio, where he was reared. Going to Indiana when a young man, he 
was there married, May 19, 1847, to Phoebe \\'illiams, a native of that 
state, born in 1832, daughter of Caleb Williams, an Indiana farmer who 



1 6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

was a pioneer to Mills count}', Iowa, where he died in old age, leaving 
widow, six daughters and one son. John and Phoebe Alutz became the 
parents of eight children, as follows : G. \Y., a carpenter and contractor, 
Cass county, Nebraska; Austin C, whose name heads this review; 
Walter, a farmer of Marjwille, Missouri ; William A., a farmer of Pen- 
der, Nebraska: Otto, a large land owner, ex-state senator and publisher 
of the Western Rancher, Ainsworth, Nebraska; Albert B., of Auburn; 
Ann Jeanette, widow of John Majors, residing at Lincoln, Nebraska; and 
Hattie M., wife of A. T. Stewart, of Chicago. In 1856 John Mutz moved 
with his family to Mills county, Iowa, and the following year. 1857, came 
to Nebraska, where he and his good wife reared their children and spent 
the rest of their lives, their wedded life covering more than half a century. 
Pie died in Chicago, January 6, 1899, at the age of seventy-seven years; 
and her death occurred at the home place in Auburn, where they lived 
for more than twenty years, February 13, 1899. In their religious views 
they differed somewhat, Mrs. Mutz being a Methodist and Mr. Mutz a 
Lutheran. Politically, he was a Democrat, and in territorial days filled 
the office of county commissioner of Cass county. 

Austin C. I^Iutz received his schooling at Eight-Mile Grove, in Cass 
county, Nebraska. He remained at home until he reached his majority, 
when he started out to make his own way in the world, and has been 
variously occupied, his attention having been given chiefly to farming 
and the nursery business. For four years he resided at Beatrice, 
Nebraska, and traveled for the Phoenix Nursery of Bloomington, Illi- 
nois. For twenty years he has resided in or near Auburn. In 1893 he 
bought tlie ground where his nursery is located, and where in 1901 he 
built the pleasant cottage he and his wife occupy. After coming into 
the ownership of this property he planted an orchard, and a nursery of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 17 

one hundred thousand trees, and here he has since been doing jjoth a 
wliolesrUe and retail business. 

July 2, 1S84, Austin C. Mutz married Miss Mary Seybolt, a native 
of Greenville, Orange county, New York, and a daughter of Luther R. 
and Harriet (Moore) Seybolt, both natives of Orange county, New York, 
and now residents of Cass county, Nebraska. Mrs. Mutz has an only 
brother, John B. Seybolt. Mr. and ]\Irs. Mutz lost their only child, a 
daughter, that died at the age of two months, August 31, 1888; but they 
have an adopted child, Otto Mutz, fifteen years of age, a native of New 
York and a son of German parents. 

Politically Mr. Mutz is a Bryan Democrat. He has always been 
more or less interested in educational matters, \\nien a young man he 
went to Je\\ell county, Kansas, homesteaded a tract of land and built a 
house, and in his own house taught a school. He was a member of the 
school board of Auburn three vears. Mrs. Mutz is a Methodist. 



JOHN HAMILTON SHOOK. 

John Hamilton Shook, of Auburn, Nebraska, is a man whose more 
than threescore years of life cover a varied experience, including a Civil 
war service, numerous travels and frontier incidents. Mr. Shook came 
to Nebraska at an early day and has done his part toward bringing 
about the development which has been wrought here. A detailed review 
of his army life and his pioneer and later experience would require a 
large volume, and would be interesting reading, too, but in this connec- 
tion for want of space we can present only a brief sketch. 

John Hamilton Shook was born in Carlinville, Illinois, July 31, 1838, 
and traces his ancestry on the paternal side back to his great-grandfather 



i8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Shook, who was of German birth and who was for many years engaged 
in farming in Pennsylvania, where he died at a ripe old age. James 
Shook, his father, was born in Pennsylvania about the year 1797, and 
was reared in Tennessee. He died in Macoupin county, Illinois, at the 
age of forty-five years. Abraham Shook, the father of James, was born 
in Pennsylvania about 1775 and died in Tennessee in 1845. He was a 
Presbyterian minister. Of his family of four sons and three daughters, 
all married and reared families, and two of his sons were ministers of 
the gospel — Isaac, a Baptist minister in Ohio, and Abraham, a Presby- 
terian, preaching in Tennessee and Indiana. Each of these two sons 
lived to good old age and each was the father of four children. James 
Shook was twice married. By his first wife he had two sons and two 
daughters, namely : James, a farmer in Whiteside county, Illinois, died 
at the age of fifty-two years, leaving seven children, three sons and four 
daughters; Ellen, wife of Wilson T. Stout, died in 1863. leaving four 
children: Mary Jane, wife of Eli Daily, died in 1902, leaving seven 
children ; and Robinson, who went west early in the fifties and was hon- 
ored with a seat in the Oregon territorial and state legislatures, died 
some years ago, leaving three sons. In Carlinville, Illinois, in 1836, 
James Shook married for his second wife a Mrs. Gcxid, widow of Ezekiel 
Good, and daughter of a British soldier whose name was Knickerbocker 
but was afterward changed to Bird. She was born in New York in 
1800. B}' her first husband she iiad one son and three daughters, viz. : 
Sarah Ann, wife of a Mr. Bogess, died leaving two daughters and one 
son; Elizabeth, wife of Bennett Solomon, died about i860 in Girard, 
Illinois, leaving two daughters; Minerva, wife of Lewis Johnson, of 
Carlinville, Illinois, has one son and one daughter; and Thomas Good, 
a bachelor, is a well-to-do farmer of Arkansas. The children of the 
second marriage of James Shook were four sons, as follows: John 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. ly 

Hamilton and William B., twins. The latter is a resident of Lovington, 
Moultrie county, Illinois,' where he is at this writing filling the office of 
probate judge; George R., now of Grand Valley, Colorado, was for a 
number of years a resident of Nemaha county, Nebraska, where he 
figured prominently in public affairs, serving six years as county surveyor 
and five terms in the territorial legislature, in both upper and lower 
houses. He is a veteran of the Civil war, having served in the Seventh 
and One Hundred and Forty-eighth regiments of Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry. He has reared a family of three sons and four daughters. 
The youngest brother of our subject, Albert, died at Hillsdale, Nebraska, 
in 1882, of disease contracted while he was a soldier in the Civil war. 
He left three sons. James Shook, the father of this large family, died 
in middle life, as already stated, and his widow did not long survive him, 
her death rjccurring in 185 1. Side by side they rest in the little cemetery 
in Carlinville, Illinois. Both were church members, she a Presbyterian 
and he a Baptist. 

John Hamilton Shook had limitetl ach'antages for obtaining an 
education in his youth. When only seven years old he was put to work 
driving a yoke of steers. His mother dying when he was only thirteen 
vears old, he went to live with his half-sister. j\lrs Johnson, and remained 
a member of her family until he was twenty. Then, in March, 1859, he 
came to Nebraska, in com])any with his brother William. They made 
the journey by boat to Kansas City and were en route for Pike's Peak. 
Hearing discouraging reports from Pike's Peak, they changed their 
plans and came to southeastern Nebraska. Here they bought six yoke 
of oxen and plows and sjDent the summer in breaking prairie. Tliey 
entered one hundred and sixty acres of land, each giving his note for two 
hundred dollars for one year, at thirty per cent, interest. When they 
landed here John H. had one hundred and thirtv dollars and his brother 



20 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ninety dollars, not enough with which to purchase their teams, but tlieir 
credit was good and they went in debt and in due time discharged their 
obhgations. That fall they returned to Illinois, and in the spring of 
the following year John H. came back to Nebraska, alone, and engaged 
in farming on his brother-in-law's land. In i860 the crop was poor, but 
it was better the next year and industry and good management brought 
success to Mr. Shook. He became the owner of two hundred and fifty 
acres, eleven acres of which were timl)er land. At this time civil war 
was inaugurated, and Mr. Shook enlisted in Company F, Fifteenth Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry, October 10, 1861, and served until January, 1865. 
His service included thirty-six different engagements, prominent among 
them being Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, the siege of Vicksburg and the 
siege of Atlanta. 

. At the close of the war Mr. Shook returned to Nebraska and en- 
gaged in the sawmilling business on the ^Missouri river. His brother 
also became interested in this business and they were associated together 
under the firm name of Shook & Brother, until 1884, operating exten- 
sively, owning no less than three thousand acres in Nebraska at one 
time and employing forty men. They also owned three thousand two 
hundred acres of land in Texas. In Richardson county, Nebraska, where 
Mr. Shook made his home for some years, he owned a thousand acres of 
land and annually fed and sold two hundred head of cattle. He has 
disposed of all his holdings, however, and at this writing has only the 
five-acre place in Auburn, on 'which he built his present residence in 
1890. He has a rented farm near Auburn, where he keeps a number of 
horses, cattle and hogs. 

Mr. Shook married, in August, 1870, Miss Ella Pike, a native of 
Iowa, born in 1852; and their union has been blessed in the birth of 
five children. Their eldest son, William, is a practicing physician at 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 21 

Shubert, Richardson county, Nebraska. He has a wife and one daugh- 
ter. The next in order of birth is Arthur, a postal clerk on the Union 
Pacific Railroad. Charles T. is attending- college at Bellevue, Nebraska, 
and John R. is at home. A daughter died in infancy. 

Mr. Shook is a Master Mason and a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. Politically he is a Republican. During his long resi- 
dence in Nebraska he has many times been honored with official position, 
and in whatever office he has been called he has responded with faithful 
and efficient service. He was constable in i860. For seven years he- 
was postmaster of Hillsdale, was on the school board twenty-nine years, 
and twelve years was county commissioner, elected first in 1S74. Tn 
1895 he was elected to the lower house of the state legislature, and while 
a member of that bodv served on the Soldiers' Relief Committee. 



W. H. RICHARDS. 

W. H. Richards, attorney at law of Liberty, Nebraska, is one of the 
successful representatives of his profession in this portion of the state. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1894. He handles all kinds of legal mat- 
ters, and has conducted cases in many parts of the state, as well as in the 
courts of Kansas and Iowa. He is associated with his brother, L. S. 
Richards, in the real estate business, and they are largely interested in 
realty in Wyoming, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas. J- T. Rich- 
ards, another brother, is one of the successful dealers in pumps and wind- 
mills at Liberty. i\Irs. Clara Dobbs, of Beatrice, is a sister of Air. 
Richards. 

W. H. Richards was born in Atchison countv, Missouri, near Rock- 



22 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

port, August 27, 1853, and comes of an old and honorable family. He 
has been a resident of Nebraska since 1859, so that he is one of the oldest 
living residents of a commonwealth which was not admitted to the Union 
till nine years later. The Richards brothers are owners of the Central 
Hotel at Liberty, and for a time operated it. All are active and progres- 
sive business men, and always identify themselves with movements cal- 
culated to be for the best interest of Liberty. They are stanch Republi- 
cans in politics. Charles R. Richards, an elder brother, enlisted in the 
war of the rebellion, where he gave up his life in defense of his countiy. 
In 1900 Mr. W. H. Richards was married to Miss Minnie F. 
Thorp, of Beatrice. She is a daughter of Charles F. Thorp, a veteran of 
the Civil war, now deceased. Mrs. Richards is a graduate of the North- 
western Business College of Beatrice, and received her diploma from 
that institution just previous to her marriage. To Mr. and Mrs. Richards 
has been born one child, Wilma Ruth. 



WILLLAM GAEDE. 

William Gaede, cashier of the Nemaha County Bank at Auburn. 
Nebraska, is one of the prosperous and aljle business men of the county 
and is a member of a well known family in snutlieastern Xebraska. All 
the family were natives of Germany, and the name has been known in 
certain parts of Germany for many generations. William Gaede, the 
grandfather of the Auburn lianker, was a well-to-do man, aufl wrote his 
name Gade, with a cliaracter over the letter a, as did also the parents of 
William. 

Dietrich and Elizabeth (Pagels) Gaede, the parents of William 
Gaede. were born near Berlin, Germanv, where also all their children were 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 23 

born, and in 1870 they crossed the Atlantic on the good ship Harmonia, 
which was making her tliird trip, in tlie then short period of ten days. 
They brought with tliem their five children, as follows Lena, the wife 
of H. M. Mears (and their history is further detailed in this sketch) ; 
Louise, widow of William Hewekerl ; Fredericka, wife of H. H. Bartling, 
who is now serving his fourth term as mayor of Nebraska City : August, 
who went to the Black Hills in 1876, where he died a few years later; 
anil William. The parents both inherited property and were well-to-do 
when they came to America. They located in Peru in Nemaha county, 
Nebraska, and invested in farm and city property in this state and Kan- 
sas. Dietrich Gaede was a modest, retiring man, and, being unacquainted 
with business conditions in this country, he was unsuccessful in some of 
his ventures. He and his wife were worthy and refined people and gave 
their children the higher advantages in the fatherland, as well as in 
America. August was in the Episcopal Boys' College in Nebraska Cit\-, 
and William was in the State Normal at Peru. The family all have 
musical talent, both instrumental and vocal, and are charming and de- 
lightful people, in every relation of life. The parents were Lutherans, 
and their children are all reared in that faith. Dietrich Gaede was a 
Republican, as is also his son William. The former died in Nebraska 
City at the home of his daughter, April 17, 1899, ^-^ the age of seventy- 
six years, and his wife followed him six months later, on October 18, 
and they both sleep in the beautiful Mount Vernon cemetery, in Peru, 
Nebraska. An imported Olitic granite monument marks their grave, 
and, as a family monument, the names of Gaede and Mears are both 
carved upon it. 

Mr. William Gaede was born in Germany, November 28, 1861, and 
in common with the other children, enjoyed good educational advantages 
and parental instruction, especially from the mother, who was exception- 



24 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ally devoted to "Willie," as she loved to call him. As is common in 
Germany, he had three names, Herman Frederick William. He has 
been in the banking business since 1892. Previous to this he was 
manager of the business of his brother-in.-law, H. ]\I. ]\Iears, in Peru. 
The latter was the leading business man of the place for twenty-five years, 
a man who had made his own way to prosperity and a high position 
m the business affairs of his county. He had a department store of 
general merchandise, besides handling lumber, coal and briclc. Mr. 
Gaede was in the responsible position of manager of this concern, and 
while attending school kept the books of the establishment and the pri- 
vate banking concern connected with it. He left Peru on August i, 1892, 
and became one of the stockholders and the first cashier of the bank at 
Johnson, Nemaha county, where he remained for seven years. Pie re- 
turned to Peru on the death of Mr. IMears. and took charge of the latter's 
estate. Affairs were complicated and required all his business ability to 
settle satisfactorily, but he gave a m^ist careful administration, and after 
the entire matter was straightened out, in 1901 he organized the Nemaha 
County Bank, together with A. M. Engles, William Tynon, and others, 
with a capital stock of forty thousand dollars. Mr. Engles is president, 
Fred Lampe, vice president, and Mr. Gaede is cashier. The bank was 
opened for business in January, 1902, in the fine brick building with 
stone front, one of the substantial business buildings in Auburn, and 
since that time the institution has increased its patronage rapidly, and is 
one of the solid banks of the county. 

Mr. Gaede and his sister, Mrs. Lena M. Mears, live together in their 
pleasant home in Auburn. Mrs. Mears was married to Mr. H. M. 
Mears on November 5, 1872. The latter was born in Germany, near the ' 
borders of Holland, and his parents spoke both the Dutch and German 
languages. He was brought to this country when a baby, and his father, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 25 

an early settler in \Aestern Missouri, at a time when the principal market 
was St. Louis, died in that city, from the plague, leaving his widow and 
three sons and one daughter with a good estate. Mrs. Mears has a 
foster daughter, named Louise Wilhelmina Alears; she is a daughter 
of Mrs. Mears' sister, Mrs. Louise Hewekerl, and has heen the joy and 
comfort of the IMears home since she was three years old. Louise, or 
"Lulu" as she is familiarly known to her loved ones and friends, is a 
most worthy young lady, possessing a pleasing personality and a lovely 
character, having received careful training in early life, followed by a 
college education, supplemented by delightful travels in America and 
Europe. At present she has the chair of gfeography in the State Normal 
school at Moorhead. Minnesota, and likes the "Northland" very much. 
Miss Mears is the pride of her "Uncle Will" and "Mamma Mears." 



GEORGE T. DUSTIN. 

. George T. Dustin, the liveryman of Auburn, Nebraska, is one of 
the successful and respected business men of the town. Lie was born in 
Dubois county, Indiana, September 11, 1844, son of Timothy and Louisa 
T. (Combs) Dustin, the former a native of Haverhill, Massachusetts, 
and a direct descendant of Hannah Dustin, and the latter born in Ten- 
nessee in 1816. Timothy Dustin was by trade a ship carpenter. In 
August, before the birth of the subject of this sketch in September, Tim- 
othy w'as making a trip on the Ohio river, Avas taken with cramp colic, 
and died on the boat. Thus George T. is of posthumous birth. There 
were four children in the family — J^inies C., John M., Amanda and 
Laura F. All grew up and married and reared families. Amanda, w^ife 
of Daniel Macken, died at Denver, Colorado, July 19, 1898, at the age of 



26 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

fifty-seven years. James C. died at Cripple Creek, Colorado, a year 
later, leaving eight children, their mother's death having preceded his. 
John M. died in October, 1901, in Lancaster county, Nebraska, leaving 
three children. Laura F. is the wife of Thomas J. Metcalf, of Auburn, 
Nebraska, and is the mother of nine children, five of whom are graduates 
of the State Normal School and three of the State University; two of 
the sons, Clyde and Charles Dustin Metcalf, are ministers in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, in western Nebraska. 

.\i the death of her husband Mrs. Dustin and her little family 
were left in limited circumstances, she having only eight hundred dollars. 
She remained in Indiana two years and then, in 1846, she moved to 
Bureau county, Illinois, where she bought eighty acres of land and where 
she reared her family, the children doing their part to assist in the sup- 
port, and when possible attending the district school near their home. 
AVhen he was only ten years old George T. "worked out" and brought 
home to his mother his earnings. Here they lived until i860, when the 
Dustin family, in company with others, emigrated to Nebraska, making 
the journey by wagon in true emigrant style and being three weeks 
en route, arriving at Peru, Nebraska, on September ist. They brought 
with them two horses and three cows, and George T., then a youth of 
sixteen, walked most of the way. Peru then could boast of about ten 
houses. The Dustin family took up their abode in the village, and rented 
land for farming purposes. May 9, 1862, the mother died, and the family 
then scattered. 

At that time a profitable business in the west was teaming, and in 
the spring of 1863 George T. Dustin was employed by Ingraham & 
Christie, at the rate of twenty dollars per month, to drive six yoke of 
oxen to Colorado Springs, and was gone from Peru eight months. The 
next year he drove four yoke of oxen from St. Joseph, Missouri, to 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 27 

Montana, wliere he remained four years, employed there in ch-i\-ing mule 
teams, hauling freight. On his return trip to Nebraska, in 1868, he was 
accompanied by his brother John, as he also was on some other occasions, 
and they had many interesting experiences. From 1869 to 1875 Mr. 
Dustin was occupied in breaking prairie in Nemaha county, at $3.50 to 
$4.00 per acre. From his youth up he was a hustler and a money- 
maker, Ijut for some years he did not learn the worth of money and the 
importance of saving it. In 1874 he turned his attention to the liver}^ 
business in Peru. He rented a barn, owned one horse and buggy and 
went in debt for two more horses, and continued in business there until 
1 88 1. In this venture he saved two thousand five hundred dollars, with 
which he then bought a farm of one hundred and sixty acres on the 
Peru bottoms. He cultivated this land one year. The season was a wet 
one, however, and the crop was not a success and he was glad to sell out 
at a loss. Next we find him in Brown county, Nebraska, where he in- 
vested in another farm. He spent four years in Brown county and during 
that time owned five farms, all of which he sold at a profit. On Thanks- 
giving day, 1889, h^ disposed of his last farm in that county and in Janu- 
ary of the following year came to Auburn and bought the Minnick trans- 
fer line, the outfit consisting of six horses, two omnibuses, a buggy and 
wagon, and a barn forty by forty feet in dimensions, the purchase price 
being $3,100. As showing the success with which he has met in this 
business, we state that Mr. Dustin's establishment now consists of frame 
and brick buildings, the former forty by eighty feet, and the latter thirty- 
six by one hundred and forty feet, and his barns are stocked with good 
hor.ses, usually to the number of twenty-five. Each year he buys and 
sells many horses. 'Wr. Dustin also owns his home and has a (|uarter of 
a block where he exercises his horses. 

Mr. Dustin married. January 8, 1880, Miss Hulda Capwell, a native 



28 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

of Scranton, Pennsylvania, born in 1861, daughter of James Capwell of 
that place. By this marriage are four sons and three daughters, viz. ; 
Winnifred, Soame, Plann, Ralph, Laura, Nellie S. and John. Miss 
Winnifred is a teacher in the public schools of Auburn. 

Politically Mr. Dustin is a Republican. He served niiie years as 
constable, and was the Republican nominee for the office of county 
commissioner, but withdrcAv his name in favor of C. E. Ord, the present 
county commissioner. Fraternally Mr. Dustin is an F. and A. M., 
and his religious creed is that of the Lutheran church, while Mrs. Dustin 
is a Baptist. 



WILLLAM WHITE. • 

William White is a citizen of Beatrice, Nebraska, of twenty-three 
years' standing, and with a life record of efficiency, integrity and honora- 
ble worth in every capacity in which he has been called upon to act. He 
is esteemed not only for the part he has taken in business affairs since 
coming to this state, but also as one from a border state who responded _ 
to the appeal of his government during the Civil war and followed the 
flag in many campaigns and took part in nuich liard service. 

Mr. White was born in Greene comity, Tennessee, JNLay 8, 1845, ^"d 
was a member of an old and aristocratic southern family. His father, 
Abraham White, was born and reared in Tennessee, and there married 
Miss Nancy Jennings, also of a good southern family. They had eight 
children, four sons and four daughters, and three sons were soldiers 
in the Civil war, namely: Joseph, now deceased, who was in a Missouri 
regiment; William; and John. The parents both died in Tennessee, the 
mother in middle life and the father at the age of seventy-four. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 29 

Mr. White was reared on a Tennessee farm and early learned the 
virntes of indnstry and thrift. He was still a boy in years when the 
war came on, bnt Avas possessed of the fiery ardor of his race, and on 
November 7, 1862, enlisted in Company G, Fourth East Tennessee Vol- 
unteer Infantry, under Colonel Patterson and Captain West. The regi- 
ment saw much active service and some hard fighting, and during all 
his ser\-ice "Sir. White proved himself a bra\-e and dutiful soldier, seldom 
missing a rollcall, never negligent of duty, and never flinching from the 
danger of shot and shell or the exposure and weariness of marching and 
the camp. After the war h.e acted as manager of the farm until 1874, 
and in June of that >-ear moved to Illinois, and later came to Nebraska. 
He lived about three years in Pawnee City, and since that time has been 
in Beatrice. For a number of years he conducted a hotel, and was one 
of the m<ist popular men in that line of business in southeastern Nebraska. 
During the war he contracted several diseases, and has been a severe 
sufferer from chronic rheumatism ever since, so that his efficiency in 
many ways has been much impaired. 

I\Ir. White was married in Tennessee in 1866 to Miss IMary J. 
White (not related), who has been his faithful helpmate for nearly 
forty years. They have been the parents of three children : Lydia, Josie, 
and Mrs. Ella Hill, of Barber coimtv, Kansas. 



THOMAS B. SKEEN. 

Thomas B. Skeen, who was ch.ristened Thomas Hart Benton Skeen 
after the great Senator Benton, for whom grandfather Blevins was a 
warm admirer, is one of the oldest li\'ing residents of Nemaha county, 
Nebraska. He was a bov of seventeen on his father's farm near Nemaha 



30 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

city when the surveyors were running the base line in August and Sep- 
tember of 1855. He was born in Buchanan county, Missouri, on a part 
of the Platte purchase, on January 19, 1838. 

The family originated in England, among the English nobility, and 
had its seat in Scotland for many generations. Great-grandfather Skeen 
was the ancestor who came from Scotland and founded this particular 
branch of the family in America. Jesse Skeen, the grandfather of Thomas 
B. Skeen, was born in South Carolina, November 24, 1764, but emigrated 
to Tennessee, where he was a farmer and distiller. He and his wife, 
Kezia Taylor, who was also Scotch, born in 1777, reared fotir sons and 
four daughters, and two of the latter joined the Mormons and went to 
Salt Lake City. These grandparents died in old age in Tennessee. 

Alexander D. Skeen, the father of Thomas B. Skeen, was born in 
Sumner county. Tennessee, near Gallatin, December 18. 1815. and died 
in Nemaha city, Nebraska, in the early spring of 1892. His wife was 
Mary Blevins, who was born in Green county, Kentucky, in 1817, and 
was a daughter of Daniel and Mrs. (Roberts) Blevins, who were Ken- 
tucky farmers, and the former was in the Black Hawk war. Alexander 
D. Skeen and his wife were married at the respective ages of nineteen 
and sixteen, and they began farm life near Independence, Missouri. He 
had left home in his teens, and became a Mississippi river trader, going 
to St. I-ouis at an early day, and it was there that he met his wife. After 
the Platte purchase was opened he went viewing, and an old French 
trader, Roubidoux, urged him to take a claim on the Missouri near the 
mouth of the Blacksnake, which was the ultimate location of the city of 
St. Joseph, but he was not pleased with that locality, and took a claim in 
the dense timber, seven miles southeast of the present St. Joseph. He 
built the log cabin in which his son Thomas B. was born in the following 
winter, and as he was poor he had to work for wages to keep the wolf 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 31 

from the door, often cutting and splitting rails for twenty-five cent per 
hundred. He enjoyed the pioneer experience of going sixty miles to mill, 
with his blind horse Joaded with corn. He found this life too arduous, 
and shortly afterward pre-empted one hundred and sixty acres in Atch- 
ison county, Missouri, where he began life anew, but still in humble cir- 
cumstances. He moved to Nebraska in 1854, and he died on the old 
homestead which he had settled forty years before, and his wife followed 
him in 1899. He and his wife were members of the Christian church, in 
which he was an elder, and he had served in the militia which routed the 
Mormons from Jackson county. Missouri. He was a quiet, unobtrusive 
man. living at peace with his neighbors, and attended strictly to his own 
business. 

There were eleven children born to these parents, but a son died 
in infancy. Mrs. Margaret Snow, a widow of Auburn, was born in 
Buchanan county. Missouri: Jesse died at the age of twelve; the third in 
order of birth is Thomas B. ; Elizabeth is the wife of David Tourtelott, 
of Lincoln, Nebraska, and they have six children; Lucy Jane, deceased 
Avife of James Hiatt, left four children; Richard is a retired farmer at 
Red Cloud, Nebraska, and has two daughters ; Kenyon died in Arkan- 
sas in 1896, leaving his wife, a son and two daughters; Mary, wife of 
Henry Shubert, her second husband, li\es in this count)' and has four 
children ; John W. is at Broken Bow, Custer county, Nebraska, and has 
one S(5n and one daughter; Nancy Ann is the wife of James Linn, of 
Lincoln, Nebraska, and has one son and one daughter. 

Thosmas B. Skeen was reared and inured to farm life from an earl} 
age. Owing to his father's financial circumstances and the primitive 
surroundings in which they lived, his education was meager, and the old 
schoolhouse in which it was obtained was of the fashion now passed 
from history, being roughly made, with puncheon floor, slab seats and 



32 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

fireplace, and other equipments and appliances known to tlie schoolboy of 
sixty years ago. In 1854 he and his father came to Nemaha county, 
Nebraska, where they laid out a claim and built a double log house and 
cattle shed. They were among the first comers, and "batched" it the first 
winter, as the family did not come until the following April. The In- 
dians had not yet removed from their old camping grounds, but they li\-cd 
at peace with the whites, their only depredations being the stealing of 
corn once in awhile, nor where they polite in their visits nor ever back- 
ward in begging for food. The first winter that ]\Ir. Skeen spent there 
was a hard one, the deep snow making existaice for the cattle especially 
precarious, and some of their sheep perished, the red men eating the dead 
animals in the spring. 

JNIr. Skeen remained at home until he reached his majority, and 
in the spring of 1859 was among the stampeders to Pike's Peak. Den- 
ver then had about twelve houses, and from there his party of eight 
went to the Clear Creek and Boulder region. They were turned back 
by the deep snows on the east side of the mountains, and established 
claims at Twelve Mile Diggings, and they have since been thankful for 
the outcome of the expedition, for had they reached the other side of the 
mountains their bones would have later been found there by some subse- 
quent wanderers. After spending one summer in this new experience, 
Mr. Skeen returned to what seemed God's country, in Nebraska. But he 
was not satisfied with his western experience, and he soon afterward en- 
gaged in freighting, taking about ten wagons, drawn by four or six 
oxen or two or four horses, and loaded with flour, bacon and other pro- 
visions, to Denver and other parts of the state, where he sold the flour 
for sixteen dollars per hundred, his corn for nine cents a pound and 
other prices in proportion. He began this enterprise on borrowed 
money, and at the end of four years quit with two thousand dollars to the 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 33 

good. He had bought eighty acres of land, trading one hundred and 
twenty acres of wild prairie toward it and borrowing three hundred dol- 
lars at five per cent interest per month. He and his family moved on this 
property in 1861, and in the spring of 1865 he sold out for twelve hun- 
dred dollars and went to Jackson county, Missouri. He soon returned, 
however, and invested in a flouring mill two miles east of Auburn. He 
conducted this with success for nine years, and in 1873 sold his half inter- 
est in it for ten thousand dollars. During the following summer he was 
in the Northwest Pacific coast country for the purpose of locating land, 
but in the end came back to Nebraska, and settled on one hundred and 
seventy-three acres of improved land, where he was engaged in the stock 
business. In 1879 he bought two hundred acres near Nemaha city, and 
from then until 1898 engaged in the cattle-feeding business, shipping 
about five carloads each year. He moved into Auburn in 1888, farming 
by proxy for one year and then came back to the twd hundred and ciglitv 
acres three miles southwest of Nemaha City, but a year later he sold this 
for fifty dollars an acre, which was then the top-notch price for land. 
He then bought two farms nearer Auburn, and in 1892 built his good 
home on a quarter of block of city property. He owns these two farms, 
for which he paid forty-five dollars an acre, besides one hundred and 
sixty acres one mile north of Howe, for which he paid fifty-four dollars 
an acre. He has since refused sevent3^-five dollars an acre for some of his 
land, and he is now one of the prosperous landowners of the county, all 
of which he has made by his own well directed efforts, beginning with 
nothing at the start in life. Diligence, perseverance and honorable meth- 
ods of business dealing have brought these rewards to one of the best 
known pioneers and citizens of Nemaha county. 

On October 10, i860, Mr. Skeen was married to Miss Eunice Harger, 
who was born at Muscatine, Iowa, a daughter of Jarias and Elizabeth 



34 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

(Wickersham) Harger, who came to Iowa from Indiana at an early 
day, and the latter was connected with the family which settled Yellville, 
Arkansas, in the early history of that state. Mr. and Mrs. Skeen are 
the parents of the following children Mary Elizabeth, born January 14, 
1862, died when two years old; Eunice Eulalie, born April 7, 1864, is the 
wife of James Armstrong and has one son; Ada Frances, born March 
19, 18^7, is the present wife of Riley Turney, residing on one of her 
father's farms, and she has one son by her first husband, James Whit- 
comb Fairbanks; George B., born September 13, 1869, is in Grant county, 
Oklahoma, on one hundred and sixty acres which his father bought him, 
and he has one son and three daughters; Lydia May, born May 25, 1872, 
is the wife of William Harris, of South Auburn, and has one daughter, 
and she was a teacher before her marriage; Ford, born July 31, 1877, 
is on one of his father's farms, and has one daughter ; Adelbert died in 
1892 at the age of eleven; Cora Ethel died in 1874, one year old. Mr. 
Skeen is a Master Mason, and he and his wife are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, in which he has been an official for many 
years. In politics he is a Republican. 



CAPTAIN C. F. NYE. 

Captain C. F. Nye is one of the well known citizens of Clay township, 
Pawnee county, and he is also one of the pioneers of this part of 
Nebraska, having come here in 1867. He was born in Highgate, Frank- 
lin county, Vermont, December 17, 1838. He is a son of Nelson Nye, 
born at Keene, New Hampshire, December 17, 1810, and who lives at 
St. Albans, Vermont, at the age of ninety-three years. Nelson Nye is 
a son of Benjamin Nye and a Miss Wright, whose father was a soldier 




C. F. NYE 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 35 

in the Revolutionary war. Nelson Nye was reared in New Hampshire 
on a farm and married Eliza Fairbanks, who was born in Vermont and 
was a daughter of Benjamin Fairbanks of New England stock. Nelson 
and Eliza Nye moved to Highgate after their marriage and located upon 
a farm. The children born to them were as follows : Laura F. Marsh, 
of Sheldon, A'emiont ; Benjamin, of Highgate, Vermont; Chester F. ; 
and Albert, a prominent citizen of Highgate, who served in the Tenth 
Vermont Volunteer Infantry and made a fine record during the Civil 

127ilC2 

Mr. C. F. Nye was reared upon his father's farm and was early 
taught that industry, thrift and integrity are essentials to real success. 
His education was an excellent one ; he had the ad\antage of a course at 
the university at Burlington, Vermont, but he left that institution to 
enlist a few days after Fort Sumter was fired upon and entered the First 
Vermont Regiment for ninety days. At the expiration of his term of 
service he returned to the University, but his patriotism would not allow 
him to remain there, and after a year enlisted, in September, 1862, 
in the Tenth Vermont Volunteer Infantry, Colonel A. B. Jewett and 
Captain H. Piatt commanding. Among the battles participated in by 
our subject may be mentioned Locust Grove, the Wilderness, Spottsyl- 
vania, Cold Harbor, Cedar Creek and the campaign in the Shenandoah 
Valley. He participated in the battle of Petersburg and was wounded 
at Monocacy, July 9, 1864; his wound proved a very serious one and 
he was confined to the hospital for some time. Later he participated in 
the battle of Cedar Creek under General Sheridan's command with the 
Sixth Army Corps and was again wounded and forced to go to the hos- 
pital. He enlisted as a private both times and after his second enlist- 
ment he was promoted in the Wilderness to captain and continued in 
command until his final discharge. 



36 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

He graduated in law at St. Albans, Vermont, in 1867, after which 
he came west to Pawnee City and practiced law for some time, associated 
with Captain George M. Humphrey. In 1893 Mr. Nye was elected 
treasurer of Pawnee county and served two terms with great credit to 
himself and the satisfaction of his constituents. Of late years he has 
lived upon his beautiful farm on Turkey Creek, Clay township, where 
he owns six hundred and forty acres of the finest land in Nebraska, on 
which he carries on general farming and stock-raising. He makes a 
specialty of blooded cattle and hogs. Plots of blue grass surround his 
beautiful home, in the rear of which there is an excellent orchard. 

In 1 87 1 Mr. Nye was married to Maggie B. Dorrance, who was 
bom in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, and is a daughter of William 
Dorrance, a native of Pennsylvania of Scotch-Irish descent, whose wife, 
Mary Jane (Duncan) Dorrance, was born in Cumberland county, Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Dorrance went to Tazewell connty, Illinois, 
where the father died at the age of forty-seven j-ears. He was a hatter 
by trade but followed farming. In politics he was first a Whig and then 
a Republican. The wife died September 11, 1894, aged seventy-nine 
years. They had five children, as follows: Ellen North, of Marshall, 
Kansas; Marian Wagner, of Pawnee City, Nebraska; J. G., of Clav 
township; Mrs. Margaret Nye and J. W., of Pawnee City, Nebraska. 

Mr. and Mrs. Nye have five children, as follows: W. Nelson, a well 
known citizen of Clay township; Laura M., wife of L. R. Dillon, of 
Peru, Nebraska; Jane Ellen, wife of Arthur Pelton, of Dubois, Ne- 
braska; Chester Gilmore, and Florence Elizabeth. Mr. Nye has been 
a Republican ever since he cast his first vote and he is a prominent blue 
lodge and chapter Mason. He and his wife are members of the Eastern 
Star. His wife is a consistent member of the Presbyterian church. He 
is genial, courteous and pleasing in manner and both as a private citizen 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 37 

and public official has made himself highly respected throughout the 
tommunity. 



SAMUEL L. CALDWELL.- 

Samuel L. Caldwell, a merchant of Auburn, Nebraska, was born in 
Ross county, Ohio, November 26, 1849, a member of one of the pioneer 
families of that state. His father, Allen Caldwell, was born there March 
24, j8i6, son of Crawford Caldwell, a native of the north of Ireland, 
born about 1792. Crawford Caldwell, at the age of seven years, was 
brought to this country, was reared in New York state, and in early life 
became one of the pioneer farmers of Ross county, Ohio. He married 
a Miss McClure, and to them were given three sons and four daughters. 
One son died in infancy. William died, unmarried, at the old home- 
stead, at the age of thirty-three years. The daughters all married and 
had families and all lived to old age. Nancy, wife of John Bruce, of 
Highland county, Ohio, died in the spring of 1903, at the age of eighty- 
one years. The youngest, Mrs. Katie Nixon, is now in her seventy-fifth 
year. Grandmother Caldwell passed away in 1859, at the age of sixty 
years, and grandfather Caldwell died in 1872. By industry and good 
management in their frontier home they accumulated a competency and in 
their later years had all the comforts of life. Both were consistent and 
worthy members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Allen Caldwell married, in 1838, in Ross county. Miss Ellen J. 
Winegar, who was born in Rockbridge county, Virginia, near the famous 
Natural Bridge, December 27, 1822, daughter of John Winegar, born at 
that place about 1776. Mr. Winegar was a farmer. In the year 1830 he 
moved to Ohio, where his last days were spent. His family of four sons 



38 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

and three daughters all married and reared families. Ellen J. was the 
youngest. The only survivor of the seven at this writing is Walter 
Winegar, seventy-five years of age, a resident of Highland county, Ohio. 
By trade Allen Caldwell was a wagon-maker, but early in life he turned 
his attention to farming and was thus occupied for many years. Politi- 
cally he was a Whig. For twenty years he was a justice of the peace. 
He was well posted on general subjects and had rare legal ability, and his 
opinion was often sought and always valued. By word and act he 
strongly opposed slavery. Like his parents before him, both he and his 
wife were active supporters of the Methodist church. Physically he was 
of fine proportions, six feet and one inch high, weighing two hundred and 
twenty pounds in his prime. He died December 23, 1896, and was laid 
to rest on Christmas day. He left to his children a good estate and what 
was far better than money and lands — a good name. The devoted wife 
and loving mother survived him until April 17, 1903, when her death 
occurred at the age of eighty-two years. They were the parents of four- 
teen children : John C. a farmer and stock dealer of Highland county, 
Ohio, is one of the most prominent men in that county, where he has 
served seven consecutive years as county commissioner, elected on the 
Republican ticket; he has been twice married and is the father of four- 
teen children. William H. is also a respected farmer of Highland county, 
Ohio; James E., a farmer and shoe merchant, died Decem.ber 23, 1872, 
at the age of thirty years, leaving one daughter; Noble B., a retired farmer 
of Des Moines, Iowa, has three sons and four daughters; Sarah Ellen, 
wife of Washington Arnott, died in Ohio in 1895, leaving four children ; 
Nancy, wife of J. C. Town, an Ohio farmer, has nine children; Sam- 
uel L. is the direct subject of this sketch; Walter W., a merchant, died 
in Ohio, in 1897, at the age of forty-five years, leaving seven children; 
Maggie J., widow of James M. Hughey, resides in Greenfield, Ohio; 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 39 

David A., a farmer in Ohio; Abigail, wife of Cary A. Cowman, an Ohio 
farmer, has two children; Joseph L., an attorney of Greenfield, Ohio; 
Frank S., an Ohio farmer, has two sons ; and O. D., chief of police in 
Greenfield, Ohio. 

Samuel L. Caldwell spent his boyhood days on his father's farm. 
During the Civil war he was not old enough to enlist in the service of 
his country, as did other members of the family, but he made a hand on 
the farm, and thus it was that being detained at home to work it was not 
until after he was sixteen years old that he was able to obtain much 
schooling. Then he went to the town schools and later to the National 
Normal University at Lebanon, Ohio. He completed the scientific course 
in the normal at Lebanon in 1880. Meanwhile he taught school and 
studied law, and in 1879 was admitted to the bar in Washington Court 
House, Ohio. After this he was engaged in teaching high school. Two 
years he was principal of the high school at Prairie City, Iowa. In the 
fall of 1884 he came to Auburn to accept the principalship of the schools 
at this place, a position which he filled two years. During this time 
he was elected the first police judge of Auburn, which office he resigned, 
after two and a half years of service, in order to accept the position of 
principal in the South Omaha schools. That was in the fall of 1886. 

In Auburn, June 8, 1887, Mr. Caldwell married Miss Mary A. 
Wood, a native of Greencastle, Indiana, born in i860, daughter of 
Willis P. and Eliza (Moore) Wood, natives of Putnam county, Indiana. 
In the Wood family are two sons and two daughters, Mrs. Caldwell being 
the eldest. Her brothers are Frank and Nelson, the former a resident 
of Kansas, the latter of Indiana. Her sister Millie J. is the wife of Ed- 
ward F. Stone, of Greencastle. 

In March, 1893, Mrs. Caldwell opened a millinery store in Auburn, 
and was so successful in the venture that from time to time the establish- 



40 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ment was enlarged. In September, 1902, a full line of well selected dry- 
goods was added and another room occupied. The business is conducted 
under the firm name of Caldwell & Caldwell, and their two adjoining, well 
stocked rooms form one of the best stores in the town. Mrs. Caldwell 
attended the DePauw University and previous to her marriage was a 
teacher in Indiana. In Auburn she is popular in both business and social 
circles. She is an active worker in the Methodist Episcopal church, of 
which both she and Mr. Caldwell are members, and in the Rebekah degree 
branch of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows she has been honored 
with high official position, being president of the state organization. Her 
fraternity work takes her to various towns and cities in Nebraska, at all 
of which places her pleasant speech and her gracious manner have won 
for her the high esteem of her sisters and brothers of the order. Mr. 
Caldwell is an Odd Fellow. Politically he may be classed at a Populist 
who has come from the Republican ranks. He served as clerk of the 
district court of Nemaha county one year. Recently he has retired from 
his fourth term in the office of police judge, having served in all nine 
years in that office. 



ROBERT G. GILMORE. 

Robert G. Gilmore, a retired farmer of Beatrice, Nebraska, and a 
veteran of the Civil war, enlisted at Erie, Pennsylvania, August 17, 1861, 
in Company D, Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, Colonel 
J. W. McLane and Captain O. S. Woodward commanding. Among 
the battles he participated in were the Seven Days' battle before Rich- 
mond, Turkey Bend, second battle of Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericks- 
burg, Chancellorsville, and at Gettysburg, and the other battles and 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 41 

skirmishes of that campaign. He participated in the three days' battle in 
the Wilderness, previous to the battle of Spottsylvania. At the battle of 
Spottsylvania he was wounded, and carries a ball in his left leg to this 
day. At Spottsylvania he was taken prisoner, May 8. 1864, and August 
22, 1864, he was paroled and sent to Annapolis, Maryland. He enlisted 
as a private, but was promoted to the rank of sergeant for gallantry on the 
field. His regiment had more killed and wounded than any other in the 
army, except one. He was honorably discharged September 20, 1864, 
and returned to Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Gilmore was born July 28, 1839, in Venango county, Pennsyl- 
vania, being a son of William Gilmore, who in turn was a son of Brice 
Gilmore. William Gilmore was a native of Pennsylvania and followed 
the trade of carpenter. The maiden name of his wife was Jane Dickey, 
and she was born in Mercer county, Pennsylvania. The children born to 
these worthy parents were as follows : Adam C., served in the Ninth 
Pennsylvania Reserves, and died in 1875; Robert G. ; Ira B. served in 
Company I, Fourth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and now resides in Butler 
county, Pennsylvania ; Quinton B. ; Sarah J. Adams, of Utica, Pennsyl- 
vania; Agnes I. McCracken. of Utica, Pennsylvania; William W. ; and 
Ann Eliza Whitman. The father died on the old farm in Pennsylvania 
at the age of fifty-eight and the mother died at the age of eighty years. 
In politics the father was a Republican. Both were consistent members 
of the Presbyterian church, in which he was a deacon. 

Robert G. Gilmore was reared and educated in Pennsylvania, and 
there in 1867 he married Lucy M. Clough, a daughter of Horace and 
Ann (Brown) Clough, natives of New York. Ann Clough died in 
Illinois in 1867, and the father came to Gage county, Nebraska, in 1875, 
where he died August 25, 1891. 

Mr. Gilmore located in Highland township. Gage county, Nebraska, 



42 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

on a farm of one hundred and sixty acres, in 1876, but in 1892 retired to 
Beatrice, where he has since hved. His children are : Wilham B., who 
hves on a large ranch in Wyoming ; Flora Stewart, of Beatrice ; Leonard 
B., lives on the old farm; Horace lives in Gage county and follows 
teaching as his profession. The first vote our subject cast was for Lin- 
coln in i860, and he has since continued voting the Republican ticket. 
Like the majority of the veterans of the Civil war, he is interested in 
G. A. R. work, and was one of the charter members of the Cortlandt 
Post, of which he served as commander. He is now a member of Rawlins 
Post No. 35, of Beatrice. Genial, hospitable and pleasing ni manner, 
Mr. Gilmore makes and retains many friends, and is one of the repre- 
sentative men of the county. , 

ROBERT C. BOYD. 

Robert C. Boyd, assistant cashier of the Carson National Bank, of 
Auburn, Nebraska, was born in Upton, Franklin county. Pennsylvania, 
October 25, 1866. His education has been gained chiefly in the practical 
school of experience. Up to the time he was fifteen years of age he 
attended the public schools of his native town. The next three years he 
spent as a clerk in his father's store. In November, 1884, he came west 
to Nebraska and accepted a position as clerk in the bank of which his 
brother, Edward M., was manager, and he has since been identified with 
this bank, having been promoted to his present position of assistant 
cashier in 1891. During their residence here the Boyd brothers have 
in many ways been active in promoting the growth and best interests of 
Auburn. It was largely due to their enterprising efforts that the elec- 
tric plant of the town was secured in 1901. They have for years been 
interested in real estate, buying and selling both city and farm property. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 43 

Robert C. Boyd was married, April 24, 1890, to Miss Lillie Angle, 
a native of Welsh Run, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, liorn August 21, 
1868, daughter of Henry B. and Mary (Niswander) Angle, both natives 
of Franklin county. Mrs. Angle died February i, 1896, at the age of 
fifty-seven years, leaving ten of her eleven children, viz. : Ella, wife of 
John E. Shartle, of Independence, Missouri, has two sons; Annie, wife 
of W. B. Waddell, Oakland, California, has one son and one daughter; 
Avis, wife of W. B. Duffield, of Welsh Run, Pennsylvania, has one son; 
G. C, a railroad official, located at Spokane, Washington; Lillie; Harry 
F., of Welsh Run, Pennsylvania; Lyman, a Pennsylvania farmer; James 
Garfield, Lucretia and Minor, triplets. The first named died at the age 
of nine months. Lucretia is the wife of Rev. Rolland E. Christ, a Pres- 
byterian minister of Atglen, Pennsylvania. Minor is a resident of Chi- 
cago, is married and has one daughter. The youngest child. Miss Bessie, 
is at the old home in Pennsylvania, with her father, who is a retired 
farmer. Mr. and Mrs. Boyd have three children ; Avis Angle, born Feb- 
ruary 6, 1901 ; Mary Jane, June 28, 1895 '< ^"^ William N., July 8, 1899. 

Robert C. Boyd is a prominent Mason. He has received the thirty- 
second degree in this ancient and honored organization, and is a past 
master, past high priest and past commander. He also has membership 
in the Lidependent Order of Odd Fellows, Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks and Ancient Order of United Workmen, and, politically, 
he is a stanch Republican. He filled the office of city treasurer eight 
years, in which capacity he still serves. Both he and Mrs. Boyd are 
worthy members of the Presbyterian church. 



44 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

CLAYTON E. BLESSING. 

Clayton E. Blessing, a member of the firm of Blessing- & Tankers- 
ley, and proprietor of "Central Fruit Farm," Auburn, Nebraska, where 
he resides, has been a resident of this town for twenty years. 

Mr. Blessing was born in Burketsville, Maryland, June 21, 1855, and 
is descended from German ancestry on his father's side, his great-grand- 
father and great-grandmother Blessing having been born in Saxony, Ger- 
many. 

George Blessing, the grandfather of Clayton E., was born in Mary- 
land, in 1789, and was by occupation a planter. In his young manhood 
he was a participant in the war of 1812, and in later life, in the days of 
Civil war, he showed that he still had fighting blood in him. He was a 
strong Union man, and he had long been a disbeliever in slavery and had 
emancipated his slaves. His farm and timberland was on the border 
of the Confederacy and he was subject to depredations from both armies. 
In this connection we quote from an interesting article published some 
years ago in one of the Washington papers : 

"Mr. George Blessing, seventy years of age, was a farmer who 
resided in the mountains near Myersville. When it was learned that 
the rebels were prowling through the neighborhood, stealing horses and 
committing depredations generally, he was importuned by his family to 
remove his stock beyond the reach of the marauders ; but he declined to 
do so, avowing his purpose to defend his property to the last. He had 
ten gims in his house which he proceeded to load and put in readiness, 
in the event of any necessity arising for their use. At noon, July 2, 1863, 
he gathered his family about him and read aloud the ninety-first Psalm : 
T will say of the Lord, He is my refuge and my fortress ; my God, in 
Him will I trust,' then he engaged in devotional worship, imploring the 
Most High to shield and protect his household from the assaults and 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 45 

rapacity of the enemy who were laying waste his native soil, and seeking 
to overthrow the best government ever devised by the wisdom of man, 
pleading God to uphold and sustain the old flag of his fathers. Taking 
two guns, he repaired, with his son, a lad yet in his teens, to his barn, 
from which he descried a squad of rebels approaching on horseback. 
Handing his son a gun, he ordered him to take a certain position, and, 
should the squad dismount and attempt to break open the door of the 
stable, which was fastened by a lock, fire upon them. The rebels ad- 
vanced within a short distance of the stable, when one of the number 
threw himself from his horse, and commenced the work of demolishing 
the stable door. At that moment the old man and his son fired simul- 
taneously upon the offender, both balls taking effect in his right arm. 
The balance of the party scampered away, leaving their wounded com- 
rade behind them, and swearing vengeance upon their opponents. Before 
they had escaped beyond reach of Mr. Blessing's gun, he fired a second 
shot at the fleeing foe, but with what result he could not tell. The rebel 
at whom he fired fell forward on his horse, evidently wounded, but he 
managed to get away. 

"Mr. Blessing's neighbors, learning what he had done, waited upon 
him and by every argument they could advance endeavored to dissuade 
him from his purpose to 'stand his ground.' 

"They tried to prevail upon him to leave the vicinity and seek refuge 
from the infuriated rebels, who would return with reinforcements and 
not only destroy his property but would murder him and his son. The 
brave old partiot was immovable in his purpose to defend his property, 
though in the event his life would be forfeited. He was a man of prayer, 
and read his Bible and accepted literally its promise, and he had infinite 
confidence in his 'shield and buckler,' assured that "needed strength would 
be given him in the unequal contest which might ensue. The guns were 



46 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

reloaded, and father and son resumed their former positions, and awaited 
the return of the foe. They were not kept long in suspense. Twenty 
mounted rebels, accompanied by four citizens from Myersville, with 
whom Mr. Blessing was accjuainted, were advancing on his premises.- 
When within a short distance of Mr. Blessing's barn the citizens were 
ordered in front of the rebel squad, as a protection to them from the 
bullets which the cowardly land-pirates knew were ready to greet them. 
Undismayed, Mr. Blessing warned his acquaintances against moving a 
step forward, assuring them that should they do so they would meet with 
swift and certain death. Intimidated and bewildered, there the rebels 
stood, hesitating as to their further action. Every shot discharged in 
the direction where they supposed the 'Yankee soldiers' were secreted 
was promptly and vigorously answered. 'What shall we do?' reasoned- 
these baffled, thieving sons of Mars. Evidently they were fighting 
superior numbers, and would not hazard the chance for success with 
their present force, but would go back for the artillery. As they were 
wheeling their horses to retrace their course, Mr. Blessing shot one of 
the band through the head and killed him instantly. 

"A second time Mr. Blessing's neighbors waited upon him and urged 
him to desist from the course they were pursuing. Their entreaties were 
unavailing. He was determined to fight to the bitter end, whatever the 
consequences might be to him. Should God permit him to tcill but one 
more traitor, he was willing to die. Momentarily expecting the maraud- 
ers to return with artillery, Mr. Blessing shouldered two guns and posted 
himself in a clump of trees in a lane leading from a public road to his 
residence. He had been there but a short time when he observed heavy 
clouds of dust rising from the road, some distance off. A large body 
of horsemen were moving toward him. In the advance he noticed what 
he conceived to be a rebel stout; in an instant the old man raised his gun. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. ' 47 

and was in the act of firing, when the object of his aim fell back into the 
main column of soldiers, riding rapidly up the lane. He now recognized 
the blue coats, who, having heard of the heroic conduct of the dauntless 
old patriot and his worthy son, were hastening to the rescue, and their 
timely arrival was welcomed by this old man of prayer whose eyes were 
turned 'to the hills from whence came the help,' and whose faith in that 
God whose promises of succor in every time of trouble never weakened." 
After the fight, Abraham Lincoln presented George Blessing a fine silver- 
mounted repeating rifle as a token for his bravery. 

George Blessing and his wife, whose maiden name was Susanna 
Easterday, reared a family of three sons and six daughters, of whom two 
sons and five daughters married and had families. 

One of the sons in the above named family, Parker George Blessing, 
the father of Clayton E., was bom in Frederick county, Maryland, Decem- 
ber 3, 1829, and died in Highland, that state, in 1866. He married, 
September 19, 1854, Miss Wilhelmina Yonson, who was born in Green- 
castle, Pennsylvania, March 14, 1832, daughter of William Yonson. 
The children of this marriage were as follows : Clayton E. ; Avalonia, 
who was the wife of Martin Weller, was born March 31, 1857, died 
in Auburn, Nebraska, leaving two sons and two daughters; George 
Henry, born October 28, 1859, died in 1890, leaving a son and three 
daughters; Royal Madison, born in 1861, died in 1881 ; and the youngest, 
a daughter, died in infancy. The mother of this family died in 1865, at 
the age of thirty-three years, and the father died the following year, 
both in Maryland. 

At the age of seventeen years Clayton E. Blessing left school and 
entered upon an apprenticeship to the carpenter's trade, at Harmony, 
Maryland. He remained with and worked for the man of whom he 
learned his trade until he was twenty-three, when he began contracting 



48 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

on his own account, and was thus occupied there four years. In the 
meantime he married, and in March, 1883, he came west to Nebraska, 
bringing with him his wife and three children. Here, in Auburn and 
vicinity, he continued contracting and building until about six years ago, 
when he gave it up on account of failing health, and has since devoted his 
time and attention to fruit-raising-. He has five acres of land in the 
western part of Auburn, just inside the corjaoration limits, which he 
bought in 1898, and where he built his present residence. Here he raises 
all kinds of berries and a variety of cherries, peaches and plums, and in 
addition to raising fruit, he is also engaged in buying and selling fruit, 
doing this business under the firm name of Blessing & Tankersley. These 
gentlemen have been associated together two years, handling fruit in 
car-load lots, shipping to various points in Nebraska and other states. 

Mr. Blessing married, December 21, 1876, Miss Emma F. Knox, 
who was born in Boliver, Maryland, June 28, 1857, daughter of David 
and Mariah (Brandenberg) Knox. The children of this union are: Wil- 
helmina C. ; George W. ; Ava Lauretta ; Floyd Edwin ; Emma Jane 
Marie and Dolly May. All are living except the two last named. Emma 
Jane Marie was born March 3, 1893, and died October 14, 1896, and 
Dollie May, born November 16, 1895, died March 19, 1903. Both the 
daughters are teachers and musicians. George is a printer b)' trade. 

Mr. Blessing and his family are Lutherans in their religious faith, 
his parents and his grandparents before him having been devout mem- 
bers of that church. Politically he is a Republican, and has served four 
years as assessor of Nemaha county. He has fraternal relations with 
il-.e Masonic order and the Fratenal Union of America. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 49 

THOMAS COPELAND. 

Thomas Copeland, the present mayor of the thriving town of Dil- 
ler, Jefferson county, Nebraska, is one of the old settlers of this part 
of Nebraska, having- first taken up his residence here in 1880, which 
is an early date in the annals of Nebraska. He has enjoyed a success- 
ful career in the various pursuits to which he has devoted his seventy 
years of life, and is popular and highly esteemed among all classes. He 
is an ex-soldier of the Civil war, having follow-ed the flag on many 
haid-fought battlefields of the south, and this fact alone is ample proof 
of the loyalty and public spirit which have always pervaded his actions. 

Mr. Copeland was born in Richland county, Ohio, February 2, 
1833, of a family known for their integrity and substantiality. His 
father, William Copeland, was a native of Lincolnshire, England, and 
his mother, May Wells, was born in Devonshire, and after their mar- 
riage they came to America and settled in Richland county, Ohio, near 
Mansfield, General Sherman's old home. The former, who followed 
farming, and was a Republican voter, died at the age of seventy-five, 
and his wife, a member of the Methodist church, lived to be eighty- 
six years old. Their seven children were Charlotte, Henry, Rebecca, 
Catherine, Thomas, John, and Charles W., who died at the age of 
eighteen. 

Thomas Copeland was reared on the Ohio farm, and learned very 
early the lessons of industry and the honor of labor. He also learned 
the carpenter's trade, and followed this occupation until the Civil war. 
At Lincoln's call, in August, 1862, for sixty thousand troops, he en- 
listed in the Twenty-first Indiana Light Artillery, under Captain W. 
W. Andrews, of La Porte, Lidiana. He took part in many of the cru- 
cial battles of the war, among them being Chatlet Gap, Hooper's Gap, 
Columbia, both of the battles at Franklin, Tennessee, at Nashville, Chick- 
amauga, thence back to Chattanooga, was with Sherman at Ringgold, 



so SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Missionary Ridge, Lookout Mountain, was then sent back to Tennes- 
see and on detail duty for a time, and at Indianapolis, Indiana, received 
his honorable discharge in 1865, with a worthy and honorable record 
as a soldier and defender of the flag. He lived for a time in Indiana, 
and in 1869 came to Schuyler, Nebraska, where he homesteaded a place 
for fi\e years, and then went to Iowa and lived in Marion county until 
1880, in which year he came to Jefferson county, Nebraska, and settled 
near Steele City. He conducted a farm and raised stock there, and later 
came to Diller, where he has been one of the enterprising and popular 
citizens ever since. 

Mr. Copeland was first married in Bourbon county, Indiana, to 
Miss May Lucas, who died in Jefferson county, Nebraska, leaving six 
children : Rosa Bell, Thomas Ellsworth, Francis W., Emma, Charles 
Walter, and James Ernest. In 1895 Mr. Copeland married Mrs. Jennie 
Boilett, the widow of Egen Boilett, who died in Gage county, Nebraska, 
leaving her and three children, two of them married Leah and Jennie. 
Mrs. Copeland was born in France, of French parentage, and is a lady 
of intelligence, conversant with both the French and English languages. 
Mr. Copeland is a Populist in political principle. He was elected mayor 
of Diller by a good majority, and gave a most capable and satisfactory 
administration. He was also on the board of trustees for two years. 
He is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and has been com- 
mander of his post. He is also an Odd Fellow, and is a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. ' 51 

ALBERT B. MUTZ. 

Among the pretty homes in the pleasant town of Auburn, Nebraska, 
is a fine old residence with spacious lawn in front bordered by arbor-vitae 
hedge, and with a large orchard in the rear. This is the Mutz home- 
place, where lives the commercial traveler, that hale fellow well met, 
Albert B. Mutz. 

Albert B. Mutz was born in Cass county, Nebraska, November 10, 
1857, son of John Mutz, who settled in Auburn in 1881. and of whom 
further mention is made on another page of this work, in connection with 
the biography of A. C. Mutz, brother of Albert B. 

Mr. Mutz received his early education in the public schools and 
then took a course in the Nebraska State Normal School, of which insti- 
tution he is a graduate. For four years he was a teacher. Leaving the 
schoolroom, he turned his attention from the educational to the commer- 
cial field of labor, and for nearly nineteen years he has been selling 
groceries to the trade, chiefly in southeastern Nebraska. Two years, 
however, were spent in the Black Hills, South Dakota, and in Wj^oming. 
And thirteen years of his commercial career have been spent in the employ 
of one house. He owns a fine team, and with his own turnout drives to 
many of the points in his territory, on these trips frequently being accom- 
panied by his wife; and he makes it a practice to spend his Sundays in 
Auburn. He owns the home above referred to. This place originally 
comprised twelve acres, or four blocks, but some of it has been sold and 
there are now only seven acres in the place. 

Mr. Mutz was married in Auburn, in June, 1894, to Miss Minnie 
Furnas Teare, a native of Brownville, Nebraska, born June 3, 1868, 
daughter of Robert and Mary C. (Downey) Teare. Her father was a 
native of the Isle of Man and her mother was born in Maryland. The 
former is deceased and the latter is now living in Auburn, with 



52 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. ' 

her two sons. Mrs. Mutz was educated in the Brownville high school 
and previous to her marriage was engaged in teaching school four years. 
Their union has been blessed in the birth of five children, namely: Robert 
Teare, who died at the age of eleven months; Alberta Beatrice, born 
January 25, 1897; Mary Downey, born February 9, 1S99; Howard 
Stewart and Harold Furnas, twins, born December 14. 1900. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Mutz is a Knight of Pythias, and politically he is a Dem- 
ocrat. 

WILLIAM H. ALLVORD. 

The name of William H. Allvord is inscribed high on the roll of 
the honored veterans of the Civil war and of Gage county's pioneers. 
He was born in Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, in 1842, being a son of 
George and Mary (Shumper) Allvord, also natives of the Keystone 
state, and the former was of German descent. The mother died when 
her son William was but a child, leaving si.x sons and five daughters, and 
five of the sons served as soldiers in the Civil war, — H. Fred, David, 
William H., George and Jacob. Three were wounded, David, William 
H. and Jacob, but all returned home at the close of their services, and 
the military record of this family is one of which the members have 
every reason to be proud. 

William H. Allvord spent the early years of his life on a farm in 
Perry county, Pennsylvania. At the first call of Lincoln for troops, seven 
days after Fort Sumter had been fired upon, this patriotic lad offered his 
services to the Union cause, enlisting with the three-months men in the 
Second Pennsylvania Infantry, but four months elpased before his dis- 
charge. He was under fire at Williamport, Virginia, and Chambersburg, 
and after his second enlistment, in 1863, in Company E, Fifty-third 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 53 

Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, Colonel Brooks commanding, he took 
part in the battles of the Wilderness, Poe River, Spottsylvania, Cold 
Harbor and on to Petersburg, taking part in the siege of that place. He 
was wounded near that city, and on the i6th of June, 1864, was taken 
as a prisoner of war to Andersonville, where he was confined until the 
following December, a period of six months and four days. While there 
incarcerated he was threatened by Colonel Wertz that if he did not obey 
and move more quickly a ball and chain would be put on him. On 
entering this prison pen he weighed one hundred and seventy-five pounds, 
but ere his term had expired his weight was reduced to seventy-five 
pounds, being thus emanciated through starvation and exposure, and he 
suffered all the horrors of that noted rebel prison. After his release 
Mr. Allvord returned home on a thirty days' furlough, on the expiration 
of which period he went to Petersburg, where he was wounded in the 
right leg on the 31st of March, 1865. He was then taken to a hospital 
at Washington, D. C, where he was honorably discharged from the 
service as a corporal, having been promoted for gallant conduct on the 
field of battle. 

After the close of the struggle Mr. Allvord returned home, and for 
a time thereafter was engaged in the mining of coal in Pennsylvania for 
eastern parties. During the past twenty-six years he has made his home 
in Nebraska, and his valuable and well cultivated farm is located in High- 
land township. Gage county. Ere leaving the state of his birth and while 
home from the war on a furlough, he was united in marriage to Martha 
Buchanan, who was called to the home beyond at the age of fifty-four 
years, passing away in Gage county. She was a loving wife and mother, 
a kind neighbor, and was loved and honored by all who had the pleasure 
of her acquaintance. At her death she left one daughter, Sarah Sloan, 
who makes her home in Saline county, Nebraska. One daughter, Mary, 



54 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

is deceased. In political matters Mr. Allvord is a stanch Republican, 
and on its ticket has been elected to offices of public trust, having served 
for one year as road overseer and has also been a member of the school 
board. He maintains pleasant relations with his old army comrades 
through membership with the Grand Army of the Republic, having 
joined one of the first posts organized in the east. Religiously he is 
a believer in the Church of Christ, and his wife was identified with the 
United Brethren. 



HON. P. H. JAMES. 

Hon. P. H. James, a prominent agriculturist of Highland township. 
Gage county, Nebraska, is numbered among the veterans of the Civil war 
and is a worthy representative of the early pioneers of this region. He 
was born in Pike county, Ohio, on the 4th of July, 1842, a son of Samuel 
James, also a native of the Buckeye state, and the latter's father was 
born in Virginia, where the family were early represented and its mem- 
bers took part in the early wars of the country. The mother of our sub- 
ject bore the maiden name of Catherine Taylor, and was a descendant 
of Wolfenbarger, a Revolutionary soldier. Ten children were born 
to Samuel and Catherine James, six sons and four daughters, and three 
of the sons served as soldiers in the Civil war, — Marion, P. H. and 
Gilbert, all members of Ohio regiments. Mr. Samuel James was called 
from this earth at the early age of forty-six years, and the mother sur- 
vived until her seventy-fifth year, both passing away in the faith of the 
' Methodist Episcopal church, of which they were worthy and consistent 
members, and the father was a life-long farmer. 

P. H. James was reared and educated in the public schools of his 
native state, and on the 13th of July, 1861, before reaching his twentieth 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 55 

year, he offered his services to the Union cause, enhsting in Company 
I, Twenty-sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, under Captain W. C. Appier 
and Colonel E. P. Fife, having been the first to enlist from Marion 
township, and remained in service longer than any other man in that 
township. For a time he was stationed in West Virginia, under Generals 
Cox and Rosecrans. Later he was in the forced march under General 
Buel to Shiloh. Thence to Corinth, then luka and returned to Kentucky 
and participated in the campaigns of that state ; was in battles of Stone 
River, Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge and shortly afterward returned 
home on a furlough. Mr. James then took part in the Atlanta cam- 
paign, under Generals Sherman and Thomas, and later under General 
Thomas returned to fight General Hood's forces at Franklin and Nash- 
ville, during which time he had charge of his company. From Nash- 
ville they were ordered to Texas, via Louisiana and the Gulf, and 
there he was honorably discharged from the service as a non-cnp.imis- 
sioned officer, October 14, 1865. Out of the twelve men who left Marion 
township to fight for their country only two returned, ]\Ir. James and 
Samuel Umphreys. Though only nineteen years old at the time of his 
enlistment, Mr. James performed his arduous tasks with the steadiness 
and discretion of a man twice his age, and his military record is one of 
which he has every reason to be proud. He draws a meager pension of 
six dollars per month. 

In 1 87 1 Mr. James left his Ohio home and with team and wagon set 
out for the then new country of Nebraska, being accompanied on the 
journey by his wife and two children, and twenty-eight days were spent 
on the road. On arriving here they located first in Johnson county, 
but in 1872 came to Gage county and secured his present homestead in 
Highland township. His valuable homestead now consists of three 
hundred and twentv acres of as good land as can be found in the entire 



56 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

commonwealth, all of which he has placed under a fine state of cultiva- 
tion and has erected all the commodious buildings which now adorn the 
place. He is devoting his efiforts to general farming and stock-raising, 
and in both occupations is meeting with a well merited degree of success. 
He is also well known as a public-spirited citizen and as an active worker 
in the ranks of the Republican party. For a number of years he held 
the office of postmaster, and was also the representative of his district in 
the state legislature in 1892, in which he served with honor and credit. 

In Pike county, Ohio, in 1866, Mr. James was united in marriage 
to Miss Catherine Keppler, who was born, reared and educated in Pike 
county, a daughter of Conrad and Chri&tena (Eherman) Keppler, both 
of whom died in Ohio. They were the parents of four children, two 
sons and two daughters. Mr. and Mrs. James have had six children, 
namely : David F., a resident of Beatrice, Nebraska ; Alice Clare, of 
Lancaster, this state; Addie Clough, who makes her home in Gage 
county ; Cora Randall, also of Beatrice ; and Nelly, at home and a talented 
musician. A sad event in the life of Mr. and Mrs. James was the death 
of their son Morton who passed away when only sixteen years of age. 
He was an unusually bright boy, and had served as a page in the state 
house and as messenger boy to Governor Thomas Majors. Mr. and Mrs. 
James are numbered among the best known citizens of this community, 
where their friends are legion. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 57 

THOMAS J. KEEDY. 

Among the well known and respected citizens of Nemaha county, 
Nebraska, is Thomas J- Keedy, who has retired from his farm and is 
now living quietly in his pleasant home in Auburn. 

Mr. Keedy is of German descent. His grandfather, Henry Keedy, 
was born in Germany about the year 1778, and when a young man emi- 
grated to America, settling in Maryland, where he became the owner 
of a small farm, and where he passed the rest of his life and died, his 
death occurring in 1848. He reared a family of five sons and two 
daughters, namely: John J., Henry, Samuel, Jacob, Mattie, Rachael and 
Alfred. All married, and all had families except Rachael, and all lived to 
advanced age, Rachael being the last to pass away, her death being in the 
summer of 1902. 

John J. Keedy, the first of the above named family, was the father 
of Thomas J. ; was born in Maryland, in 1803, and died in that state in 
1868. He was a miller and a farmer, and owned both a mill and a farm. 
In Maryland, in 1826, he married Miss Mary Ann Middlecoff, a native 
of that state and one year his junior. They became the parents of eight 
children, four sons and four daughters, namely : Christopher Columbus, 
who was born in 1827, and who is now living in Keedysville. named in 
honor of grandfather Keedy, who was the founder of the town ; Sophia, 
deceased, was twice married, first to E. Hecker, by whom she had one 
daughter, and, second, to J. Ebersoll, by whom she had one son; the 
third and fourth died in early life; George W., a farmer of Reno county, 
Kansas, has a family of eight children; the sixth born was a son, who 
died when young; next came Thomas J., whose name introduces this 
sketch : and the youngest, Mary Ann, died in early life. The mother of 
this family died in Maryland, in 1881, and her remains rest beside those 



58 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

of her husband and other members of tlie family in the Keedysville 
cemetery. They were members of the Reformed church. 

Thomas J. Keedy was born in Washington county, Maryland, Janu- 
ary 27, 1840; spent his boyhood days on his father's farm and obtained 
only a limited education in the district schools. As a child he was deli- 
cate, and his ill health frequently kept him from school. When he was 
nine years old he missed a whole winter's schooling on this account. 
He remained at the parental home until his marriage, with the excep- 
tion of three years and three months spent in the army, during the Civil 
war. He volunteered, August 15, 1861, and was in Company A, First 
Maryland Infantry, which formed a part of the Army of the Potomac. 
During his army life he had a siege of typhoid fever, was sent home and 
■was there nine weeks. At Harper's Ferry he was taken prisoner, and 
was paroled, being one of the thirteen thousand paroled at that time, and 
was in camp at Annapolis six months. Among the engagements in 
which he participated were those of Gettysburg and Winchester. 

Mr. Keedy was married, December 27, 1864, to Miss Sarah Snyder, 
a native of Maryland, born August 17, 1841, daughter of David and 
S,arah (Hutzel) Snyder. In the Snyder family were five children, all 
of whom became farmers. David Snyder died in the prime of life and 
his widow was sixty-seven years of age at the time of her death. The 
children of Thomas J. and Sarah Keedy are as follows : Mary Ellen, 
wife of Dr. Long, of Lincoln, Nebraska, has one daughter and two sons; 
Ada May, wife of Henry Furrow, of Auburn, has two children living; 
Albert Lincoln, a farmer near Auburn, has a wife, two sons and a 
daughter; S. Elsworth, also engaged in farming near Auburn, is mar- 
ried and has two daughters; and Lorena, wife of Hugh Naysmith, a 
farmer of Republican county, Kansas, has one daughter. 

Mr. Keedy inherited two thousand dollars from his father's estate. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 59 

has worked hard and managed well and prospered, and has been able to 
give his own children a good start in the world. Previous to his coming 
to Nebraska Mr. Keedy was for several years engaged in the manufacture 
of lime at Keedysville. He came west in 1881. locating near what was 
then called Sheridan, now Auburn, and here he bought one hundred and 
sixty acres of improved land, upon which he carried on farming until 
the fall of 1893, when he sold to his sons, and bought two lots in Auburn. 
Here he built his present residence. 

When a young man in Maryland, Mr. Keedv was initiated into the 
mysteries of Oddfellowship. Politically, he is what is termed an inde- 
pendent, and in religion he also holds independent views, and has never 
identified himself with any creed. 



WILLIAM C. PARTIIOTT. 

William C. Parriott, county superintendent of schools of Nemaha 
county, Nebraska, is a native of the county in which he has been honored 
early in life with high official position in educational work. He was 
born in Peru, June 13, 1872. His father, William C. Parriott, was 
born in JNIoundsville. West Virginia, in January, 1829, and died in Peru, 
Nebraska, October 26, 1895. John Parriott, Professor Parriott's grand- 
father, also a native of West Virginia, was a lawyer and planter, and was 
the father of six sons and two daughtesr, most of whom passed their 
lives as farmers ; and of the number at this writing only one is living — 
Edgar Parriott, a resident of California. Grandfather Parriott died in 
Virginia, in the prime of life. He was a man of high intellectual attain- 
ments and figured prominently in the affairs of his day, several times 
being honored with a seat in the legislature of his state. He had the 



6o SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

family name, which is EngHsh and was originally spelled "Parrott," 
chimged to its present spelling. 

Professor Parriott's mother was before marriage Miss Margaret 
Moore. She was born in Burlington, Iowa, in 1839, daughter of Fran- 
cis Moore, who came to this country from Ireland. She was married to 
Mr. Parriott, in i860, at Danville, Iowa, and after their marrigae they 
lived in that state two years, removing thence to Cass county, Nebraska, 
which was the family home the next three years, two years of which 
time he was away in California engaged in mining. In 1866 they came 
to Nemaha county and settled on one hundred and sixty acres of land in 
Peru township, which he improved and to which he subsequently added 
until his farm comprised two hundred and thirty-one acres. Here he 
died October 26, 1895, and on the home farm his widow is still living, 
with her two sons John and Grover. In their family were seven sons 
and two daughters, namely : Edward, who is interested in the insurance 
business at Peru, as a representative of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen; Frank, a farmer near Brownville, this county; Joseph D., 
engaged in farming in Peru township; Alma, wife of W. Rainey, of 
Union, Nebraska; William C. ; Clara, wife of Charles T. Edwards, of 
Shubert, Nebraska; Lee R., a farmer of Peru township; and John and 
Grover, who have charge of the home farm. 

William C. Parriott is a graduate of the State Normal School at 
Peru, Nebraska, with the class of 1896. For three years he was employed 
as a teacher in the public schools and he is now serving his fourth year in 
the office of county superintendent of schools. As a candidate for this 
office in 1897 he was defeated by twenty-one votes; made his next run in 
1899 and was elected. Being a Democrat in a Republican county, his 
election was by a small majority, and as showing the rapidity with which 
he grew in favor with the people when they learned his value as an edu- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 6i 

cator and the earnestness with which he entered into his work, we state 
that when he was re-elected in 1901 he had a majority of 152 votes. 

Mr. Parriott was married, February 12, 1902, to Miss Bessie Tynan, 
a native of Stella, Nebraska, and a daughter of Andrew and Jenny 
(Richardson) Tynan of that place. Mrs. Parriott was educated in the 
State University of Nebraska and previous to her marriage was a teacher. 
In their own pleasant home on one of the nicest streets of the pretty town 
of Auburn the Professor and Mrs. Parriott live. 



LORIN ROUNDS. 

Uorin Rounds, who for many years was a popular landlord of Howe 
but is now retired, has had a busy and successful career in various parts 
of the country. He has been a carpenter by trade, and is also one of the 
survivors of the Civil war. His industry and business ability have given 
him a comfortable place in life and won him the regard of all his fellow 
citizens. He has proved his excellent citizenship during the years that 
he has been a resident of Howe, and has played his part in life with 
fidelity to self and loyalty to country and society. 

Mr. Rounds was a son of John W. Rounds, who was born in Penn- 
sylvania in 1819, and was a painter and decorator, following that pursuit 
in St. Louis, Missouri, for a number of years. He was fairly prosperous, 
and had accumulated about four thousand dollars with which he intended 
to buy lands in Nebraska, but on his way was murdered in St. Louis in 
1883. He married Miss Abbey Tracey, a native of New York state, 
where they were married in 1840. They had five sons and one daughter, 
and two of the sons died in infancy. The others were married, and there 
were eight grandchildren. Mrs. Abbey Rounds died in 1850, aged about 



62 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

thirty-five, and her husband was again married, but had no children by 
the second union. 

Lorin Rounds was born in New York state December 9, 1843. I" 
young- manhood he came to Wisconsin and Hved on Sun Prairie until 
1864, when he enlisted at Madison, Wisconsin, in Company K, Fortieth 
Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. He served less than a year owing to 
physical disability, and he now draws a small pension. He followed 
carpentering for a number of years, and was successful. 

May 18, 1885, Mr. Rounds was married at Brownville, Nebraska, 
to the widow of Daniel McLean. She is a daughter of John and Sarah 
Jane (Roberts) Stampp, who came to Nebraska from Michigan in 1892 
and are now living in Howe, the former having been born in the territory 
of Michigan in 1832 and the latter in Crawford county, Pennsylvania, 
in 1838. Daniel McLean was born in Argyleshire, Scotland, January 15, 
185 1, and died in Tecumseh, Nebraska. He married Mrs. Rounds, July 
20, 1877, ii^ Monroe county, Michigan, and their one daughter, Sarah 
Jane, born November 24, 1878, died when nearly three years old. Mr. 
and Mrs. Rounds lost their first child, Arthur Lorenzo, born in Michigan, 
February 28, 1889, and died aged about three years. They have a son, 
Cecil Thomas Rounds, born July 24, 1902. 

Mr. Rounds came from Monroe county, Michigan, to Nebraska 
in 1890, and in April, 1891, they built the Cottage Hotel on their four 
lots, and they -conducted this until May i, 1903. Mrs. Rounds had 
about five thousand dollars which she and her former husband had 
made by hotel-keeping in Tecumseh, Nebraska, where they had the Depot 
Hotel for five years, and which Mrs. Rounds conducted for five months 
after her second marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Rounds have built their present 
comfortable residence, also two tenant houses, and a barn and other 
buildings. In 1900 they established their meat market and grocery in 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 63 

their brick block, and in all their enterprises have made unusual success. 
Mr. Rounds is a Republican voter, and he and his wife have been mem- 
bers of the Methodist church. Another member of their household is 
Mr. George Hinkle, a widower of seventy-six years and with two chil- 
dren in Auburn. He has been in the store and market for some time, 
where he has been the right-hand man of Mr. Rounds, and he is one of the 
favorites about the home, being especially so with the baby boy of Mr. 
and Mrs. Rounds. 



EDWARD H. DORT. 

Edward H. Dort, who has the leading drug and book store in 
Auburn, Nebraska, is one of the representative and highly respected citi- 
zens of the town. He was born in Harpursville, Broome county, New- 
York, July 17, i860, and is descended from New England and New 
York ancestors who were noted for their honesty and industry and some 
of whom figured prominently in the localities in which they lived. John 
Luke Dort, his father, also a native of Harpursville, was born March 
24, 1823, and died at Rockport, Missouri. August 27, 1872. Grand- 
father Eli Dort was born and lived and died in Harpursville, the date 
of his birth being January 14, 1791, and his death August 25, 1857. 
February 16, 181 5, he married Eleanor Farrar, who was born January 
24, 1794, and died December 14, 1867. They reared a family of three 
children, one son and two daughters. The son, John Luke Dort, married 
Rhoda A. Smith, a native of Coventry, New York, born August 24, 1823, 
daughter of Clark and Louis (Kelsey) Smith, the former born in Brat- 
tleboro, Vermont, May 3, 1782, and the latter in Brainbridge, New York, 
September 20, 1789. Her parents were married at Brainbridge, Novem- 



64 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ber 8, 1807; reared a family of twelve children, and passed their lives as 
farmers in Chenango county, New York. Grandmother Dort's father 
Seth Smith, was born August 21, 1736, and passed his life in Grandy, 
Massachusetts, where he died October 13, 1820. He was a colonel in the 
Revolutionary war. When the news of the invasion of the British first 
reached his town it was on Sunday morning and he was in church. 
Instantly he left the house, mounted his horse and rode all over the town, 
raising volunteers. The next morning, with his newly raised recruits-, 
he marched about thirty miles, arriving at the scene of action in time to 
participate in the memorable battle of Bennington. The paternal great- 
grandfather of our subject was John Dort. He was born February 14, 
1767, and died July ir, 1848. He and his wife, whose maiden name 
was Elizabeth Briggs, were the parents of thirteen children, seven sons 
and six daughters. 

John Luke Dort learned the trade of wagon-maker of his father in 
Harpursville and worked at that trade there until he moved west with 
his family to Atchison county, Missouri, where they settled on a farm 
and devoted their time and attention to the improvement and cultivation 
of the same. Their seven children, all born in New York, were as fol- 
lows: Mary Elizabeth, wife of Albert F. Bush, was born July 27, 1847, 
and died in Litchfield, Nebraska, December 24, 1885, leaving four 
children; Ella, born January 9, 1852, is the wife of Frank D. Chaffee, 
of California: James A., born January 22, 1855, is a fruit grower of 
California, and has a wife, one son and one daughter; Clark Eli, born in 
1858, died May 13, 1872; Edward H. ; Louise D., born June 18, 1863, 
is the wife of Fred Dysart, of Nemaha county, Nebraska, and has one 
daughter living; and Frank O., bom June 9, 1867, is a banker of Med- 
ford, Oklahoma, and has a wife, one son and four daughters. The 
widowed mother, now seventy-nine years of age, blind and feeble, resides 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 65 

with her daughter, i\Irs. Dysart. She has long been a devoted member of 
the Presbyterian church, as also was her worthy husband. 

Edward H. Dort, the fifth born in the above named family, received 
a common school education in Missouri and Nebraska, and at the age 
of fourteen years entered the employ of the pioneer druggist, W. H. 
McCreery, of Brownville, with whom he remained six and a half years, 
becoming familiar with every detail of the business. From Brownville 
he went, in the summer of 1880, to St. Joseph, Missouri, where he 
was a salesman four and a half years. This experience qualified him 
to engage in business on his own account, and in May, 1885, he came 
to Auburn and purchased the drug store of Dr. A. S. Holliday. Since 
that date he has conducted a successful business here. In the spring of 
iSgo he suffered loss by fire, his store burning, Ijut he was soon re-estab- 
lished and better equipped than before the fire. His present location is in 
a brick building which he erected, thirty by eighty feet in dimensions, 
two stories and basement, all of which is occupied by his fine line of 
drugs, books, etc. His residence he built in 1888. It is one of the most 
attractive homes on one of the well shaded streets of the pretty town of 
Auburn. Its large grounds, dotted over with shrubbery, and every detail 
of the surroundings, both exterior and interior, indicate the taste and 
refinement of the family. 

Mr. Dort married, June 7, 1887, in Peru, Nebraska, Miss Florence 
M. Fisher, a native of Woodford county, Illinois, and a daughter of 
Lewis and Eliza (Peabody) Fisher, natives of Illinois. They came to 
Nebraska in 1868, where they lived for a number of years, and whence 
they went to California, where they are now living retired. Mrs. Dort 
is one of a family of eight children, two by her father's first marriage 
and six by the second. She was educated in the State Normal School and 
previous to her marriage taught school two years. Her union with 



66 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Mr. Dort has been blessed in the birth of three children : Clark L., 
Edward Nelson and Edith Elizabeth. 

Mrs. Dort is a member of the Christian church, while Mr. Dort is a 
Presbyterian. Politically he is a Republican. For seven years he was a 
school director in Auburn. Fraternally he is identified with the Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, the Knights of Pythias, and the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. Mr. Dort is president of the Auburn Mutual 
Lighting and PoAver Company, established in 1901, he being promoter 
and organizer. W. A. Gilmore is vice president, R. C. Boyd treasurer, 
and G. W. Thomas secretary. 



G. T. BELDING. 

G. T. Belding, attorney-at-law at Pawnee Cit}-, Nebraska, and one 
of the prominent men of Pawnee City, settled in this locality in 1870. 
He was born at Richmond, Walworth county, Wisconsin, in 1841, and is 
a son of Elijah Belding, Jr., who settled in Walworth county in 1836. 
Elijah Belding was born in Boston, Massachusetts, and was a son of 
Elijah Belding, Sr., of Massachusetts. The Belding family settled in 
Massachusetts and Connecticut in 1730. Elijah, Sr., died in Marquette 
county, Wisconsin, in 1852. His wife bore the maiden name of Miss 
Pease. Elijah, Jr., was reared and educated in the east and married 
Marv James, who was a native of Rhode Island and a daughter of 
Thomas and Dorcas (Perry) James, of ^\'elsh ancestry. Both died in 
^\'alworth county, Wisconsin. In politics Elijah Belding, Jr., was first 
a Whig and later a Republican. Elijah, Jr., died in 1882 and his wife 
is still lix'ing and makes her home in Pawnee City with our subject. She 
has attained the venerable age of eightv-one years. She is a member 




G. T. BELDING 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 67 

3f tlie Baptist cluircli. Eleven children were Ijorn to herself and hus- 
band, namely: G. T. ; Mary E., deceased; Emily D., of Delavan, Wis- 
consin: Eugene M., of Minnesota: Elvira, deceased: Mary E., of St. 
Paul: Frances H., deceased; Charles F., of St. Charles, Missouri: Lulu 
Tumey, who lives at Camden, Arkansas ; Bertha, died at the age of six- 
teen years: and one who died in infancy. 

Mr. G. T. Belding was reared in Walworth county on a farm, 
where he remained until 1S62, and was a school teacher from 1858. 
He enlisted August u, 1862, in the Twenty-second Regiment, Wiscon- 
sin Volunteer Infantry, Company D, serving three years. Colonel Utleys 
and Captain A. D. Kellam in command. Our subject was attached to 
the Twentieth Army Corps in General \\'ard"s Third Division, participat- 
ing in the famous march to the sea. He was mustered out of service at 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, June 29, 1865. Mr. Belding was taken prisoner 
at Spring Hill, Tennessee, and held twenty-fi\e days in Libby prison, 
suffering many pri\'ations. When he returned to his old home at Del- 
avan, Wisconsin, he married Miss Cetta M. Jones, of the same place 
in October, 1865, and for several years remained in the county of his 
birth. 

In 1870 he located at Pawnee City, Nebraska: was elected county 
judge in 1879 '^"f^ '^or twenty years served as county judge of Pawnee 
county, since which time he has been engaged in the practice of the law. 
During his practice he has been the attorne}' for several estates and 
served as attorney for various parties outside the state: in all demon- 
strating his ability and shrewdness as a lawyer. Ever since locating 
in Pawnee county Mr. Belding has made many friends, and he is justly 
regarded as one of the leading representatives of the bar of this locality. 



68 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN LAWRENCE. 

Abraham Lincoln Lawrence, sheriff of Nemaha county, Nebraska, 
was born at Brownville, then the county seat of Nemaha county, Decem- 
ber 25, 1863. Mr. Lawrence's parents were pioneers of Nemaha county, 
Nebraska, and his grandparents were pioneers of the locahties in whicli 
they lived. Samuel Lawrence, his grandfather, was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, from whence he moved when a young man to Ohio, settling there 
when that state was nearly all covered with timber. There he cleared and 
improved several farms. He was a soldier in the war of 1S12. He mar- 
ried his own cousin, and they reared three children, namely : Joim, who 
died in Marion county, Ohio, leaving two sons and three daughters; 
Samuel S. ; and Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Jacob Easterly, died leaving two 
children. 

Samuel S. Lawrence was born in Adams county, Ohio, October 25, 
1826, and in the winter of 1849 '^^ '5° '^^''^s married in Marion county, 
that state, to Rosena Moyer, a native of the county in which he was born, 
the date of her birth being September 11, 1827. Her father, Philip 
Moyer, an Ohio farmer, was thrown from one of his horses and sustained 
an injury from the effects of which he died, at about the age of forty 
years. His wife was a iMiss Cramer, and they were the parents of five 
children: Philip, Daniel, Samuel, Sarah and Rosena. They reared 
their family in Ohio and afterward moved to Iowa, where they spent the 
rest of their lives and died, Mrs. Moyer reaching the advanced age of 
ninety-one years. Samuel S. and Rosena Lawrence had a family of 
children as follows: the first born, a daughter, died in infancy; William, 
a farmer in Nemaha county, has a wife and one daughter and one son; 
Philip, the next born, was accidentally scalded to death, at the age of 
two and a half years; Daniel, v/ho died at the age of eighteen years; 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 69 

John A., a farmer in Nemaha county, is married and has three children ; 
Samuel C, also a farmer of Nemaha county, has a wife and three chil- 
dren ; Abraham Lincoln ; Valentine, who resides at the home farm in 
Nemaha county, has a wife and three children; and Rosena, who died at 
the age of seven years. The parents of this family moved from Ohio to 
Iowa in 1852 and settled in Jones county on a farm which they purchased 
and where they lived for a number of years. This farm they traded for a 
tract of land in Nemaha county, Nebraska, in 1863, and that year moved 
to this land from Brownville, this county, where they had located the 
pervious year. Their first two children were born in Ohio, the next 
four in Iowa, and the rest in Nebraska. And while they reared a large 
family an-d reared them well, they at the same time by careful economy 
and good management accumulated a competency, and to each child they 
gave eighty acres of land. Here Samuel S. Lawrence died, December 
9, 1901, and his wife died March 27, 1903. They were in early life 
members of the Lutheran church, but later identified themselves with 
the Cumberland Presbyterian church, of which they were consistent 
members at time of death. 

Abraham Lincoln Lawrence spent his boyhood days on his father's 
farm, receiving a fair education in the common schools and attending the 
Brownville school two years. For a short time he taught school for his 
brother, Samuel C, who was a teacher for a number of years, teaching 
one school six years. Their father also was at one time a teacher. After 
his marriage, which event occurred about the time he reached his 
majority. Mr Lawrence settled on one hundred and sixty acres of his 
father's land, eighty acres of which he now owns. He owns other land, 
amounting in all to two hundred and forty-two acres, located three miles 
west of Brownville. Until he was elected county sheriff in 1901, Mr. Law- 
rence gave his whole attention to farming, with the exception of one year, 



70 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

when he was engaged in mercliandising in Brownville. He has made 
most of the improvements on tlie farm on which he hves. He built the 
residence and barn and he planted his fine orchard, wliich is twelve acres 
in extent and comprises an excellent variety of fruits. 

February i, 1885, Mr. Lawrence married Miss Kate Agnes Penny, 
a native of Missouri, and a daughter of William E. Penny. The children 
born of this union are as follows, and range in age from sixteen to two 
years: Mabel Grace, Don A., Abraham L., Jr., William McKinley, 
Samuel Clinton, a son that died in infancy, and Daniel. 

Mr. Lawrence's own name and the names of two of his children 
indicate the political party with which this family have harmonized. 
As a Republican, Mr. Lawrence was elected to the sheriff's ofifice in 
1 90 1, for a term of two years and re-elected in 1903, which term 
expires January i, 1905. For years he has been affiliated with numerous 
fraternal organizations, among them being the Free and Accepted 
Masons, both lodge and chapter, he being a past master of his lodge; 
Knights of Pythias, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Ancient Order 
United Workmen, Modern Woodmen and the Highlanders. 



JA^IES A. STEPHENSON. 

James A. Stephenson, one of the premier farmers of Nemaha county, 
with a fine farm in Nemaha precinct, Nemaha city postoffice, has the 
hustling cjualities which bring success in any vocation, and give him a 
leading place among the men of his calling in this county. He owns 
one hundred and twenty acres of land, on which is located his nice home, 
and on this and one hundred and seventy-five acres of rented land he 
does general farming. He keeps ten or twelve horses, some high-grade 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. yi 

cattle and liogs, and each year grows about seven thousand bushels of 
corn, fourteen hundred bushels of wheat and thirteen hundred bushels of 
oats, and last year sold two hundred and fifty dollars' worth of fruit. 
He is thoroughly devoted to his pursuit, and his enterprise is gaining its 
reward. 

Mr. Stephenson was born in St. Lawrence county, New York, Jan- 
uary 1 6, 1862, and had a fair education in the district schools and was 
reared on the old farm where his parents settled in 1840, on two hun- 
dred and five acres, now owned by \\\ G. Stephenson, his brother. 
His grandparents were Rdbert Stephenson and a Miss Hutchison, and 
the former was a cousin nf the great engineer. Robert Stephenson, son 
of the inventor of the locomotive, all of whom came from the north of 
Ireland. (Iranfather Robert was a weaver of Irish linen in the old coun- 
try, and came to this country, with his wife and children, on money sent 
back by his son William, who had preceded the rest of the family to 
.America. He had the following children: William, the father of James 
A, Stephenson; Robert, in North Dakota; Joseph, who was in the gov- 
ernment employ in \\'ashington, and died there leaving sons and daugh- 
ters; Ann, who was the wife of Milo Boutwell and who died in St. 
Lawrence, New York, at the age of seventy, leaving two daughters and 
a deaceased son; Miss Mary was a veteran school teacher in New York, 
and on the completion of her fifty-sixth term, because of the introduction 
of drawing into the curriculum, lost her place, and in brooding over this 
lost her mind and is now in the insane hospital at Ogdensburg. New 
York. The mother cjf these children died in 1865. in Russell, St. Law- 
rence count}-. New York, at the age of seventy-five. Her husband died 
one month later, at the age of seventy-six. aud within the same month 
their son Robert, who was in the army, died of tlisease, and is buried in 
the government cemetery at \\'ilmington. North Carolina. 



-^2 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

William Steplienson, the fatlier of James A. Stephenson, wlio is an 
octogenarian li\ing in Edwards, St. Lawrence county. New York, was 
born near Belfast, county Antrim, Ii-eland, in 1816. In 1831, a lad of 
fifteen, he ventured alone across the Atlantic, and during the voyage of 
eight weeks thirty-two of the passengers and crew died of the cholera. 
In 1839 he married Helen Watson, who was born in Ballston Springs, 
New York, August 21, 1825, a daughter of Robert and Helen (Kerr) 
Watson, and of this union there were born twelve children. The eldest, 
a son, died in infancy; Robert, born June i, 1842, died May 16, 1865, 
as mentioned above: Ammire, born March 25, 1844, is the widow of Les- 
ter Winslow and the wife of J. C. Curtis, of Embarrass, Wisconsin; 
Rachael, born September 3, 1846, is the wife of Edgar Reed, in Russell, 
New York, and has one son; William G., born June 9, 1849, is a farmer 
in St. Lawrence county, and has a wife and two daughters living, having 
lost two; Charles W., born July 16, 1851, is a commercial traveler at 
Pottsdam, New York, and has a daughter living and lost one; Helen, 
bcrn August 23, 1853, is the wife of Frank O'Neil, in Herman, New 
"^'1. rk, and has two sons: Theodore P., born December 16, 1855, in 
Edwards, New York, a miller, Inst his only child : a child born July 8, 
1857, is deceased; Lucina E. is the widow of William Webb, in Water- 
town, New York, and has one daughter; James A is the eleventh child; 
and Roberta, born June 5, 1866, is the wife of Frank Raymond, owner 
and proprietor of the largest hotel in Adams, New York. The mother 
of these children died ALirch 28, 1896. Their father is still living with 
his children, and has made three visits here to his son in Nebraska, making 
the last one alone and when he was eighty-four years old. He is a man 
of self-acquired education, and is still a great reader and bright corre- 
spondent. He stands erect and is agile for his age, and with powers of 
body and mind still intact would pass for twenty years younger than he 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 73 

is. He had charge of tlie recruits at Malone, New York, during the Civil 
v,-ar, having the rank of colonel 

James A. Stephenson was married February 3, 1884, at Corning, 
Missouri, to Miss Louise Watson, who was born in Edwards, New York, 
February, 14, 1859, and was the daughter by adoption of John and 
Sarah (Flack) Watson, her father being a brother of Mr. Stephenson's 
mother. Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson first met in New York, while she 
was on a visit there in 1882. She came at an early day to Nebraska. 
She was educated in the Brownville high school and at the Peru normal, 
and began teaching at the age of eighteen, which she continued for five 
years in Nemaha and Lancaster counties. Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson 
have four children. Robert W., born on Christmas day of 1885, also the 
birthday of his grandfather and great-grandfather, graduated in 1901 
from the Nemaha high school at the head of his class, and is still a 
student; John M., bom April 23, 1888, is in the district school; Floyd 
J., born January 8, 1897, and Warren W., born June 13, 1899. 

Mr. Stephenson affiliates with the Independent Order of Odd Fellov ■ 
in which he has passed the chairs and is noble grand. Mrs. Stephenson 
is vice grand and past noble grand in the Rebekahs. He is also a mem- 
ber of the board of managers and a trustee in the Odd Fellows. He 
affiliates with the Woodmen of the World, and in politics is a Republican, 
having served as school director. He and his wife are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and he has been steward. 



74 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

MRS. HARRIET HOOVER. 

Mrs. Harriet Hoover, of Aspinwall precinct, Nemaha city postoffice, 
is the widow of the late well known physician and surgeon, Jerome 
Hoover, who was born in Miami county, Ohio, August 9, 1809, and 
died in this county, May 27, 1876 Nemaha city owes much to this 
public-spirited man and citizen, who was one of the founders and first 
settlers of the town. He is still cherished in affectionate memory for his 
generosity and beauty of character, and his name and deeds are not likely 
to be soon forgotten. He had settled, shortly after his marriage in 1849, 
on a ranch in Indiana, \\hich he soon afterward bought and on which 
he remained two years, and then came to Nebra.ska and pre-empted the 
townsite of this town. The fine park which adorns the town was donated 
by him. He had inherited property, and made money in his undertakings. 
He was liberal to a fault, and while this made him an ideal citizen it 
prevented the accumulation of means which otherwise his ability would 
have accomplished. As a Republican he was elected to the legislature, 
but declined to be a candidate after that. He was foremost in everything 
affecting the welfare of the town and its citizens, and his high ideals 
and enterprising spirit were responsible for much good that was accom- 
plished there. 

Mr. Hoover was a son of W'iUiam Henry Hoo\'er, a miller of 
Indiana, and his wife Sarah Curtis, a native of Bath. North Carolina. 
The latter died in Indiana past middle life, and he died in Nebra.ska at 
the age of seventv-five. They had come here from Indiana in 1853 and 
settled at Nemaha city. They reared four sons and five daughters. 

j\lr. Hoover was first married to Miss Ann Prill, on August 28, 
1829, and they had nine children, eight sons and one daughter, and the 
three who grew up were as follows: \Villiam H., who was born in 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 75 

Ohio, January 14, 1833; Burl. J., born December Jj, 1835, died January 
17, 1904; and Johnson P., born August 27, 1837, and died in Nemaha 
county in 1900, leaving one son. 

Mrs. Hoover, who married Mr. Hoover, July 4, 1849, soon after her 
eighteenth birthday, was in maidenhood Harriet Tann, and was born 
in Monroe county, New York, December 20, 1830, and was reared on 
the home farm and received but limited education. Her parents were 
John and Rachael (Doud) Tann, the former of whom was born and 
married in England, and of his seven children six were born in England 
and one in New York. His first wife died, and he was married in 1826 
to Mrs. Hoover's mother, by whom there were six children. Mary Ann. 
the wife of- Moses Ward, died in Indiana, and her fi\-e children died 
soon after; Frederick Tann. a farmer at Rockport !\Iissouri, died leaving 
three children and had lost five: IMrs. Hoover is the third of these chil- 
dren; Elizabeth is the widow of Burl. J. Hoo\'er. mentioned above; 
Lorenzo died of a wound received in the Civil war. lea\ing two daugh- 
ters; and Arthur died at the age of eight months. The father of these 
children died in 1839. lea\-ing his widow without property, and she was 
afterward married to Alexaniler Jamieson, a southerner, and she died 
in 1843, ^t the age of forty-eight. 

Mts. Hoover now resides with her son F. E. Hoover on the farm of 
one hundred and fifty-six acres in Aspinwall precinct, which was pre- 
empted by Johnson P. Hoo\-er. and which was rented for several years 
before Mrs. Hoover took up lier residence on it as her favored spot for 
passing the remaining years of her long and useful life. She has been 
the mother of nine children, and three of them are still spared to her, 
and she is also the grandmother of some bright children. Her eldest 
child, a daughter, born in 1850, died in infancy. IMary Jane, born Feb- 
ruary 2, 1852, died January ]8, 1854. Lawson, born February 7, 



76 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

1854, died November 19, 1855. Lucretia, born June 6, 1856, died 
January 6, 1865. Arthur, born May 4, 1858, died December 30, 
1865. Flora, born January 12, 1861, has her second husband, T. C. 
Hacker, Hving in Red Cloud, Nebraska, and she has three children by 
her former marriage. Frederick E., born August 5, 1863, married Min- 
nie Chambers, and they have the following children : Forrest E., born 
April 19, 18S6; Francis, born June 8, 188S; Mabel, born February 7, 
1892; Vera, born September 10, 1894; Velma, born July 3, 1899; and 
Jerome, born February 16, 1902. Edward, born May 12, 1865, died 
October 2'j, 1895. Harriet is the wife of L. F. Bradfield, in Oklahoma. 



JOHN FREDERICK. 

John Frederick, one of the well-to-do and successful farmers of 
Hooker township. Gage county, Nebraska, residing on section 16, has 
been in this part of Southeastern Nebraska for over thirty years. \\''hile 
now accounted a man of means, he began life poor, and his individual 
efforts have been crowned with a more than ordinary degree of prosperity. 
He is esteemed as one of the strictly self-made men of the county, as a 
foreign-born citizen who took loyal part in the Ci\il war, and as a man 
who can be relied upon for help and co-operation in all things affecting 
the public welfare of his county and community. 

Mr. Frederick was born in Wurtenberg, Germany February 11, 
1847, ^ son of Lewis and Catherine (Francis) Ferderick, who brought 
their family to America in 1854, settling first in Marylard, then in St. 
Clsir county, Illinois, and later in Missouri. His father died in Keokuk, 
Iowa, but his mother is still living at the age of ninety-three, and re- 
tains the energy and vitality sufficient to walk two miles. The three 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 77 

children living are JNIary, in Beatrice, John, and Lizzie, in Gage connty, 
Nebraska. They were all Lutherans. 

John Frederick was reared on a farm, and worked out by the month 
for several years after attaining his majority. He was only fifteen 
years old when he enlisted from Springfield, Illinois, as a drummer boy 
in Company F, Eighty-second Illinois Infantry, under Captain Weaver 
and Colonel Hecker. He was at Chancellorsville, Jackson, Gettysburg, 
Lookout Mountain, in the Georgia •campaign, at Resaca, New Hope 
Church, Burnt Hickory, at Atlanta, and many other engagemerits. He 
was captured and held prisoner in the ill-famed Libby prison for sixty 
days, but was then liberated, and after a short time went home. It was 
after a three days' march out of Savannah, Mr. Frederick and a companion 
went off from the regiment foraging, and while sitting in a log cabin 
about a dozen "Joimnies" came upon them. The doors of the cabin were 
instantly closed and a volley fired from the window, killing one man and a 
horse. The Johnnies started to run but finally decided to return, and 
did so, firing many shots through the door in a room occupied by several 
parties, three chil'iren being in the room, but no one was killed. Mr. 
Frederick and his companion were captured and later landed in prison. 
On the v>ay several times threats were made to kill the prisoners but one 
level-headed man pre^^ailed upon the rest not to kill them. For the 
last two years (;1 his ser\'ice he carried a gun in the ranl's. He was 
honorably discharged at Springfield, Illinois, in January, 1865, having 
gained an excellent record as a soldier. He had some narrow escapes, 
and once had a comrade shot down at his side. He was frugal and 
diligent from early youth, and with what he had saved he came to Ne- 
braska in 1870 and bought one hundred and sixty acres in Gage county 
for seven dollars and a cpiarter per acre. He now owns three hundred and 
twenty acres in this county, and it is worth sixty dollars an acre, and is 



78 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

finely improved with good house, barns and a grove of seven acres. It 
is a model farmstead, one of the many pretty places of which Gage 
county can boast. 

Air. Frederick was married November 12. 1878, to Elizabeth Gillett, 
who came here from Rock county. Wisconsin, at the age of seventeen, 
a daughter of Hamilton and JMargaret (Day) Gillett, the former a resi- 
dent of Adams, Nebraska, and the latter deceased. Nine children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Frederick: Margaret, Martha, William, 
Lydia, Andrew, Harrison, Jesse, Robert and Faura. Mr. Frederick is 
a Republican in politics, and a member of the Grand Army post at 
Adams, and attends the Methodist Episcopal church. 



CHARFES R. HACKER. 

Charles R. Hacker, county clerk of Nemaha county, Nebraska, was 
born on his uncle's farm, now the Nemaha county poor farm, August 29, 
1866, and all his life has been identified with this county. 

Mr. Hacker's ancestors were residents of the Old Dominion. His 
grandfather, David Hacker, was a native of Virginia, born July 24, 1797. 
Moving to what was then called the west, he lived in Ohio and Indiana, 
and when the Ci\'il war was inaugin-ated, although then well advanced in 
years, his patriotism was shown by his volunteer service. As a member 
of Company D, Thirty-seventh Iowa Volunteer Infantry, known as the 
"Graybeard Regiment," he performed faithful duty in the ranks, and 
died at St. Louis, Missouri June 20, 1863. He and his wife, whose 
maiden name was Catherine Gile, were the parents of seven children, 
six of whom reached adult age, namely: James Malcomb; Agnes Jane, 
wife of Robert Stogdel, was born in 1827 and died April 22, 1892 ; Eliza- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 79 

beth Ann, born November 30, 1828, died September 12, 1850; Sarab, 
wbo died in infancy; WiUiam S., born April 13, 1834. died Jannary 20, 
1899; Jobn Wesley, born Febrnary 26, 1838, died September 22,. 1897; 
and Francis Asbnry, tlie only snrvix'or of tbe family, was born July 11. 
1843, and is engaged in farming in Nemaha county, Nebraska. 

James Malcomb Hacker, the father of Charles R., was born at Day- 
ton, Ohio, September 12, 1825, and died in Auburn. Nebraska, January 
25. 1902. He was one of the pioneers of Nemaha county, having come 
to this county in 1858, from F.wa, to which jjlace he had emigrated from 
Ohio. Not long after coming to Nebraska he moved to Kansas, but re- 
turned shortly afterward to this state and county, of which he was an 
honored citizen for forty years. By occupation he was a civil engineer 
and for many years filled the office of county surveyor, and he also filled 
other public offices of trust and responsibility in Nemaha county. For 
three terms he was county clerk, and he was deputy in that office under 
County Clerks Culbertson and Hubbard. Fraternally he was identified 
with the Masons and the Knights of Pythias and Odd Fellows, having 
been a member of the first organization for more than thirty years and 
having received all the degrees up to and including the Scottish Rite, and 
was an I. O. O. F. for over fifty years. Politically he affiliated with the 
Whigs in early life and when the Republican party came into existence 
he harmonized with it and gave it his enthusiastic support. As a youth 
he took an active interest in the William Henry Harrison campaign. His 
last vote he cast in the fall of 1901. when he helped to elect his own son, 
Charles R.. to the office of county clerk. Religiously he was a life-long 
Methodist. March 8, 1851. he married Miss Mary Jane Fairbrother, 
who was born in Indiana. January 28, 1831, daughter of Arnold L. and 
Mary (Jane) Fairbrother, the former a native of Virginia and the lat- 
ter of Indiana. The children of James M. and Mary J. Hacker are: 



So SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

James Olney ; George Washington ; William Thomas : Charles R. ; 
Francis John, who died at the age of eleven years; Marietta, wife of 
Wesley H. Clark, died March 2, 1898, leaving five children, of whom 
four are living, two daughters with their grandmother and two sons with 
their father; and Harvey David. All are married except William 
Thomas, who is a gold miner in the Black Hills. 

Charles R. Hacker, with the other children in the family, was 
reared on the farm, which his mother managed with their assistance 
while the father was in Brownville and Auburn, attending to his official 
business. The farm on which they lived was sold in 1888 and the family 
moved to Auburn, where Charles R. has since lived, and where he has, 
in a measure, succeeded to the position occupied by his honored father. 
As already stated in this article, he was elected to the county clerk's 
office in the fall of 1901 and re-elected in the fall of 1903, and is now 
filling that position. 

Mr. Hacker was married, February 8, 1903, to Miss Elsie Hacker, 
a third cousin, and they reside with his mother in Auburn. Like his 
parents, Mr. Hacker is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, as 
also is Mrs. Hacker. Politically he is a Republican, and he has fraternal 
relations with the Modern Woodmen and the Knights of Pythias. 



JAMES E. DOYLE. 

James E. Doyle, of Liberty township. Gage county, Nebraska, who 
is adjutant of W. F. Barry Post, G. A. R., of Liberty, Nebraska, is one 
of the honored residents of this locality and a veteran of the Civil war. 
He enlisted at Bloomfield, Greene county, Indiana, in November, 1861, 
for three years, in Company E, Fifty-ninth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 







JAMES E. DOYLE 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 8i 

and after a long and liDiiorable service returned to more peaceful pur- 
suits. 

He was born in Zanesville, Ohio, in i8jo. being a sou of George 
and Orpah (Webb) Doyle. He learned the trade of wagon and car- 
riage maker at Xewcomerstown. Ohio. .After the war he again started 
his shop as wagon and carriage maker at Bloomfield. Indiana. In this 
state he pursued his trade until 18^)-, when he moved to a farm near 
Bloomfield, and in 1S83 he came to ("lage county and engaged in farming 
where he now owns a fine farm of one hundred and twenty acres. On 
this he built a comfortable house, good barn, and carries on general 
farming. His success is largely due to industry and good management, 
and he is justly regarded as one of the leailing farmers of the township. 

Mr. Doyle was married in Indiana to Alary W'eiser, of Ohio. She 
died in 1S56. She was a daughter of George \\'eiser. She left one 
son, Martin Doyle. AJr. Do}le was married a second time in 1861, his 
wife being Sarah Bender, of Indiana. She is a daughter of George 
Bender. The children born to Air. and Airs. Do)le were as follows 
Orpah Egbert; Laura Snyder: Alatilda Akins ; James S. : Frances L., 
deceased; Thomas; Ida; William; Arvilla; Lillian Spence; Jessie; Alary 
B. ; George, who died at the age of seventeen years: and Delphin L., 
deceasetl. The political faith of Air. Doyle is Republican and he is an 
active worker for the party. He ser\-ed for six years as justice of the 
peace. His first vote was cast for John C. Fremont, and he has voted 
for every Republican nominee for president since then. For man)' 
years he has been a Alason and is connected with lodge Xo. 65. He also 
ser\-ed as commander of his post, and is now its adjutant, and has 
ahvavs been very active in G. .A. R. matters. 



82 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

JOHN HENRY DUNDAS. 

John Henry Dundas, editor, lecturer and Chautauqua manager, 
Auburn, Nebraska, was born near Aurora, in Kane county, lUinois, 
October 14, 1845. ^'^r. Dundas is of Irish descent, his father, James 
Dundas, having been Ijorn in county Fermanagh, in the north of Ireland, 
April 22, 1800. In 1822, with his parents and brothers and sisters, James 
Dundas left the Emerald Isle and sailed for .\merica, landing in 
Montreal after a long and eventful voyage on which the vessel's crew 
mutinied against a brutal captain whom they put in chains. In the old 
country James Dundas was a farmer and steward for an English noble- 
man, but after coming to this country he worked at the carpenter's trade, 
later in life, howe\-er, returning to his former occupation, that of farm- 
ing. In Canada, in 1828, he married Miss Mary Alice Matthews, who was 
born in Clinton county. New York, May 2, 1813, daughter of John and 
Alice (Cheatham) Matthews, who came from England shortly before her 
birth. IMr. ]\Iatthews was a watchmaker. In 1845, after the death of his 
parents in Canada, James Dundas moved with his family to Kane county, 
Illinois, where he settled on a three hundred-acre tract of prairie land, 
which he developed into a fine farm and where he lived for eighteen 
years. In 1863 he came to Nebraska and took up his abode where 
Auburn now is, that being before Auburn existed, and here he became 
the owner of one hundred and eighty acres of prairie land, on which he 
made his home. He and his wife were the parents of five sons and four 
daughters, namely: Wesley, \Aho died in Auburn, in 1900, leaving a 
family of two sons and three daughters; Alice Lucinda, deceased wife 
of Amos Hall, died in Prairieville, Michigan, in 1874. and left two 
sons and one daughter; Mary Ann, wife of Fletcher Palmer, of Phillips 
county, Kansas, has six daughters and one son; Robert M., a Kansas 
mechanic, has a family of six sons and three daughters; John Henry, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 83 

whose name introduces this sketch; Irene, widow of W. A. Good, of 
Nuckolls county, Nebraska, has seven sons and four daughters; Charles 
D., deceased, left a widow, four sons and three daughters; Oscar N., of 
Riverside, California, has six sons and five daughters; and Lucy A., 
widow of Silas N. Miller, of Cook, Nebraska, has one son. The father 
of this family died on his Nebraska farm in 1870, at the age of seventy 
years, and his wife passed away in 1S84, she too having lived out three- 
score and ten years. 

John Henry Dundas was reared on his father's farm. At the age 
of eighteen years he began learning the trade of stonemason in Auburn, 
and for several years worked at his trade in summer and taught school 
in winter. 

He was married March 29, 1871, to Miss Wealthy J. Bishop, a 
nati\-e of Covington, Kentucky, born August i, 1847, daughter of 
^Villiam and Mary (Lusher) Bishop. Their marriage has been blessed 
by the birth of five children, as follows : Alta, who died at the age of 
four months; Hollis M., wife of Samuel Curtis, of Auburn; Lucius B., 
who married Clara Brock, of Eagle\ ille, Missouri ; Ada V. and ^Vendell, 
at home. 

Mr. Dundas has filled many public positions of trust and responsi- 
bility. He ser\-ed several years as assessor, three years as a justice of 
the peace, two years as police judge, twelve years as a member of the 
Auburn Board of Education, and two years in the Nebraska state senate. 

It was in 1884 that Mr. Dundas entered upon his journalistic work, 
when he purchased the Rcpnblicaii. After conducting this paper two 
years he bought the Granger, and consolidated the two, under the name 
of the Granger, a weekly publication devoted to every move in the interest 
of justice and right, and in no wise fettered by party, sect or creed. 
It is a six-column, four-page paper, published by J. H. Dundas & Son, 



84 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

and now lias a rirculation of one thonsand five hundred. In addition to 
his regular official and editorial work, Mr. Dundas has always found 
time for much other work, literary and otherwise. He is the author and 
publisher of a history of Nemaha county, termed by him "The Banner 
County of Nebraska," a i2mo., 220 page volume, issued in 1902, a 
credit both to the author and the county. He is also the publisher of a 
book called "Every Man's Account Book," which he has copyrighted, 
and which fills a long-felt want among the common business men. 

Mr. Dundas attended the World's Congress of Religions in Omaha, 
and gave this sentiment as the true basis of unity : "Man's duty to his 
fellow being is his only duty to his God ; and whatsoever more is taught 
is born of priestcraft, nurtured in superstition, and surrounded with per- 
nicious results." 

Mr. Dundas is the father of the Auburn Chautauqua, which was 
organized in 1899, and of which he has since been manager, and for the 
past two years he has also been manager of the Tecumseh Chautauqua. 
Both were organized and are being managed on the nonsectarian plan. 
Mr. Dundas takes a bold stand with the advanced thinkers of the day, 
is a sound reasoner and a fluent speaker, and never fails to bring con- 
viction to the minds and hearts of his hearers. He places deeds above 
creeds and sees sound religion in the doctries of Confucius. Some of 
his popular lectures are as follows : "The Songs We Sing," "The Better 
Way to Serve the Lord," "A Zetetic Sermon," "Everybody Has His 
Hobby," "The Religion of the Twentieth Century," "Men are Parrots; 
They Do Not Talk, They Only Repeat Sentences," and "Quit Your 
Meanness." 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 85 

MYRON G. RANDALL. 

Myron G. Randall, a retired farmer, residing on his one hundred and 
sixty acres in Bedford precinct, with postoffice at Howe, has lived in 
Nemaha county over forty years, ever since he was a boy of ten years. 
He has been an enterprising; and successful agriculturist, owning )a.t 
present one of the best farms in the vicinity, and in affairs of citizenship 
has gained the reputation of being a reliable and substantial man, who 
may be depended upon for public-spirited co-operation in what pertains 
to advancement and progress. 

When Mr. Randall was three years old and was on a visit with his 
parents to New York state, he remembers seeing his grandfather Isaac 
Randall, who was then an old man. Isaac Randall and his wife were 
natives of either Connecticut or Rhode Island, and the former was a 
scythe-maker, and they had seven .^ons and two daughters, as follows : 
William, Hiram, Nathan G., Anson, Philo, Walter, a son that died aged 
about fifteen, and the two daughters were married and died at Akron, 
Ohio. 

Nathan Gorham Randall, the father of Myron G. Randall, was born 
in New York state, August 22, 1816, and died in the home of the latter, 
July 30, 1901, when nearly eighty-five years old. He was first married 
to Asenath Lyons, in Ohio, and their children were : Hiram Lyons Ran- 
dall, who is surgeon in the soldiers' home, at Grand Island, Nebraska, 
and has lost his wife and two small children and has one son and one 
daughter living; George W., was a soldier, and was killed in action in 
Missouri, at the age of twenty-three and single; Elias Isaac, a farmer 
and Methodist preacher for twenty years, died February 2, 1903, at Have- 
lock, Nebraska, leaving a wife and children; Allen Duane, a farmer at 
Chapman, Nebraska, lost one daughter and has four daughters and one 



86 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

son living. After the death of his first wife, Mr. Nathan G. Randall was 
married to Mrs. Polly Mary (Ellis) Brown, who was born in Pompey, 
Onondaga county. New York, February 24, 1823, a daughter of Clark 
Ellis. On July 4, 1842, she was married to Judson Brown, who was 
born in New York, February 10, 1819, and by this marriage there was 
one son, William Ellis Brown, born September 6, 1843, ^^ho was a 
soldier in the First Wisconsin Cavalry, a prisoner in Andersonville and 
Libby, and died in Nebraska, September 28, 1890, leaving his widow. 
Nathan G. Randall had by his second marriage three children. 
Myron G. is the eldest. Horace Lafayette was born September 18, 
1838, and died March 6, 1871. Thyrza E., the wife of W. I. Fryer, in 
Denver, Colorado, has two daughters living and lost twins. The mother 
of these children died in Nemaha county, December 19, 1901. Nathan 
G. Randall had come to this part of Nebraska in 1859 from Dodge 
county, Wisconsin, having stopped here on his way to Pike's Peak, 
whither he was driving an ox team. He pre-empted eighty acres across 
the road from the present farm of his son, and his wife and children came 
here three years later. He was in debt, but gradually acquired prosperity, 
and at his death owned one hundred and sixty acres in two farms. At 
her death his wife gave this land to Myron G. Randall, and it is the 
nucleus of his present estate. 

Myron G. Randall was born in Dodge county. Wisconsin. September 
21, 1852, and in his youth had few advantages, being in the district school 
but little. He was married Jnne 14, 1876, to ]\Iiss Mary Eliza Quinn, 
who has become the mother of six children. Sidney M. is farming the 
home farm; Mrs. Millie F. Swope is the wife of a farmer in Aspinwall 
precinct; Merrill H. is farming; Elsie, aged fourteen, is at home, as are 
also Esther, aged eight, and Alfred, aged five. Mr. Randall is a Repub- 
lican, and has served on the board of elections, and on the school board 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 87 

for nine consecutive years. He has enjoyed a high degree of success in 
his hfe work, and he and his family are among the most esteemed of the 
precinct. 



WILLIAM R. CHANEY. 

Wilham R. Chaney is a well known citizen of Adams, Gage county, 
Nebraska, where he has resided for a number of years and become identi- 
fied with the best progress and material, intellectual and religious develop- 
ment of the town and vicinity. He is a man of recognized integrity and 
uprightness, capable in the performance of every duty devolving upon 
him, and in every way worthy of being classed with the foremost men 
of southeastern Nebraska. He has been satisfactorily successful in his 
life work, and, having come to his present circumstances through industry 
and perseverance, knows the value of toil and diligence in this workaday 
world. He is also honored as a veteran of the Civil war. 

Mr. Chaney was born in Greene county, Illinois, October 24, 1840, 
of a family which settled in that county in pioneer times. The ancestry 
is Irish, and Mr. Chaney's father, James Chaney, was a native of Ken- 
tucky, whence he came to Greene county. His wife, Sarah Smith, was a 
native of Tennessee, and came of an old southern family, resident in 
that state for several generations. Both James and Sarah Chaney are 
now deceased, having spent most of their lives in Greene county, where 
they had a home noted for its generous hospitality and wholesome com- 
panionship. 

William R. Chaney was reared and educated in Mason county, Illi- 
nois, and perhaps the most valuable lessons of his youth were the result 
not of precept line on line, but by actual experience in practical labor in 



88 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

the field and the hundred and one details of farni Hfe. In April, 1864, he 
enlisted from his native county in Company C, One Hundred and Thirty- 
third Illinois Infantry, under Captain Collins. The regiment was ren- 
dezvoused at Camp Butler, Springfield, Illinois, and was later put on duty 
at Rock Island and along the Mississippi, and later at Camp Butler, 
where Mr. Chaney received his honorable discharge in October, 1864. 
He then lived in Mason county three years and Morgan county, Illinois, 
for some years, and in 1880 came to Gage county, Nebraska, where he 
has been one of the prosperous residents ever since. He awns thirteen 
acres in the town of Adams, and this land is so finely improved and so 
productive that it makes an ideal and valuable suburban estate. He 
has a nice house, good barn, fruit and shade trees in abundance, and all 
the complements and accessories of a model Nebraska home. 

Mr. Chaney was married in Greene county, Illinois, in 1864, to Miss 
Pamelia Finley, who has traveled life's way with him for forty years, 
and they are co-partners in all its successes and joys. She is a native of 
Greene county, was reared and educated there. She was a daughter of 
Zuriah and Matilda (Mace) Finley, the former of whom was born in 
Greene county and was a son of an early Kentucky settler ; the latter was a 
nati\-e of Kentucky, and was eighty-two years old when she died. Mr. 
Chaney is a Democrat in politics, but does not desire or aspire to office. 
He affiliates with the Sergeant Cox Post, G. A. R., at Adams, and both 
he and his wife are members of the Baptist church. He has been a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows for over twenty-five 
years and passed through all the chairs, also the grand lodge degree, and 
was representative to same an several occasions. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 89 

J. LOUIS ENGEL. 

J. Louis Engel, one of the leading agriculturists of Bedford precinct, 
Howe postoffice, Nemaha county, settled here over thirty years ago. He 
has developed a raw and treeless tract of land into a beautiful farmstead, 
with a grove of fruit and shade trees, comfortable residence and all neces- 
sary outbuildings, and has been actively engaged in the cultivation of his 
productive land until the last few years, since which time he has in a 
measure ceased from hard industry, and is spending the years beyond the 
seventieth milestone in comfort. When he first located in this country 
he had lost all the capital with which he came, and has thus worked his 
way up from the bottom, for which reason he is all the more deserving 
of honor for what he has accomplished in life. 

His father, Louis Engel, Sr., was born in Germany, January 7, 1800, 
and died there in 1874, aged seventy-four years and eighteen days. He 
was a freehold farmer on three parcels of land, containing forty-five 
acres. His wife was Catherine Fisher, who died at the age of sixty-five, 
in 185 1 or 1852. They had one son and a daughter, Dora, who was 
the mother of six children and died in Germany in 1899. 

J. Louis Engel, the only son, was born in Germany, August 24, 
1829. He was reared on the farm, and had a liberal schooling of eight 
years, with one year in a normal school. At the age of twenty he entered 
the German army, and spent six weeks in military service. He remained 
in his native land until 1859, and then took passage from' Havre for New 
York, being forty-two days en route. Two weeks later he arrived in 
Sangamon county, Illinois, which he reached in the first week of June. 
He took three hundred dollars from the bank in New York, but had 
only twenty-five cents when he reached Springfield, having been swindled 
out of the rest in some unaccountable manner. He came from Spring- 
field, Illinois, to Nebraska in 1S72, arriving in Brownville on the 6th of 



90 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

October. He bought forty acres of naked prairie for ten dollars an acre, 
and he and his noble wife have planted e\ery tree which now adorns his 
farm boundaries. A year later they built their present residence. He 
afterwards added eighty acres more to his place, and he has been prosper- 
ous in his work during the subsequent years. 

February 2, 1856, Mr. Engel was married in Germany to Catherine 
(Handle) Seachrist, a widow Avith the following children: Catherine 
' the wife of William Mayer, who came to Nebraska at the same time with 
i\Ir. Engel and his wife, and they have three children; Christ Seachrist 
lives in Humboldt, Nebraska, and has five children; Annie Fredericka, 
is the wife of Louis Mayer, in Richardson county, Nebraska, with two 
sons and three daughters; and Fred Seachrist is owner of stock in a 
mine in South Dakota, and has four daughters and one son. Mrs. 
Engel has twenty-three great-grandchildren. Mrs. Engel was born in 
Marbach, Germany, December 2, 1822, and throughout her long life has 
been active and strong mentally and physically until the last year or so, 
when she has been in feeble health and for the past few months still 
more so. Mr. Engel is a Republican in politics, and served as constable 
for ten years during the first years of his residence here. He and his 
wife are Lutherans, and are valued and esteemed citizens of the county 
in which they have resided so long and been such important factors in 
the growth and development of this portion of southeastern Nebraska. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 91 

WILLIAM H. STOWELL. 

William H. Stowell, editor and proprietor of the Auburn Post, is a 
prominent factor in the business and social circles of Auburn, Nebraska. 
Mr. Stowell is a native of the Empire state and dates his birth in Leroy, 
May 3, 1855. His father, Luther K. Stowell, was born in Cazenovia, 
New York, October 18, 1823. son of Calvin B. Stowell. The Stowell 
family originally came to this country from England, the time of their 
settlement here being in colonial days. Early history shows them to have 
been mechanics and farmers, honest and industrious, occupying repre- 
sentative places among the people of the various localities in which they 
lived. Calvin B. Stowell was a blacksmith. He was born in 1794, and 
it is supposed he was a native of New Hampshire. He died in Darien, 
New York, in 1878. Thrice married, he reared a large family of 
children, namely ; seven sons and one daughter by his first wife, one son 
by the second, and one daughter by the third. Luther K. was one of the 
sons by the first marriage, his mother being Olive Sabine, and he is 
now a resident of Leroy, New York ; has been married twice and has 
outlived both of his companions. He first married, March 19, 1854, Miss 
Janette McGregor, who was born near Leroy, New York, in 1830, 
daughter of John McGregor, a Scotchman; and the only child of this 
marriage was William H., the subject of this sketch. Mrs. Janette 
Stowell died at the age of twenty-eight years. Subsequently Mr. Stowell 
married ]\Iiss Sarah Thomas, who bore him one son, Ernest C. Since 
her death the father has resided with his son. 

^Villiam H. Stowell was reared to farm life, and improved the 
opportunities he had for obtaining an education in the public schools. 
At the age of twenty he began a career as school teacher, a career which 
covered a period of ten years, and it was while he was thus occupied that 
he entered upon journalistic work as a newspaper correspondent. July i. 



92 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

1886, he began the publication of the J'cdcttc. in Verdon, Nebraska, 
which he edited and published -weekly for nine and a half years. Then, 
in October, 1895, he came to Auburn and purchased the Auburn Post, 
which he has since successfully conducted, owning both the building and 
the plant, and in connection with the publication of the paper also doing 
a job printing business, employing from three to six compositors. While 
in Verdon Mr. Stowell and four others organized a pioneer association, 
known as the Richardson County Pioneer Society, and in connection 
with that he published "The Pioneer Record," a quarterly pamphlet, 
some three years, and after he came to Auburn he continued it three 
months as a monthly publication, at the end of which time he sold out. 
From 1896 to 1899 he published the Nebraska State Poultry Journal, 
which was issued each month. The Auburn Post is a weekly paper, 
published on Friday ; is Republican in politics, up-to-date in every respect, 
and its columns show that it has plenty of the right kind of enterprise and 
push that are necessary to success in the newspaper line. As the Repub- 
lican organ, the Post exerts a potent influence that is felt for the good 
of the party. 

Mr. Stowell married, January 30, 1883, Carrie D. Robertson, a 
native of Cambridge, New York, born December 25, i860, daughter 
of John and Adeline (Parke) Robertson, now residents of Verdon, 
Nebraska. Previous to her marriage Mrs. Stowell was for several years 
a teacher in the public schools. They have two children, Frank L. and 
Helen M., both attending school. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stowell are regular attendants upon worship at the 
Presbyterian church, of which they are worthy members. Fraternally, 
he belongs to the ^^'oodmen of the World. ' 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 93 

WILLIAM H. McININCH. 

^\'illiam H. Mclninch, a retired farmer in Auburn, with a fine farm 
in London precinct, Brownville postoffice, is one of the oldest hving 
settlers of Xemaha county and likewise one of its most successful farmers 
and business men. He be.s^an life in youth with no capital, and since 
earning- his first money his record has been one of constant progress. He 
has been one of the large landowners of the county, but most of it he 
has either sold or allotted to his children. In addition to his material 
prosperity, he has been generous with personal work and means in aiding 
the cause of religion and education, and has never failed to give a good 
account of himself in whatever relation he has been placed with society 
and his fellow citizens. 

!Mr. jMcIninch was born in Tuscarora county, Ohio. ■March jo, 1S36. 
His grandfather, James Mclninch, was born in Ireland and had two 
children, John and Sarah. 

John ]\lclninch, the only son of James jMcIninch, was born in New 
York city, July 29, 1808, and died in Nebraska, January 16, 1894. He 
was reared and educated in New York city, and was a school teacher in 
Ohio and Missouri. He was married in Tuscarora county, Ohio, April 
2, 1829, to Miss Sarah Johnson, who was born on Laurel Hill creek, 
Pennsylvania, September 22, 1813, and died in Andrew county, Mis- 
souri, in 1851. They were parents of eight children: Esop Edgar, born 
in Tuscarora county, Ohio, in 1830, died in Linn county, Oregon, in 
1862, ha\-ing been a pioneer there in 1852; he was unmarried, and left 
an estate including the one hundred and sixty acres which had been gi\-en 
him by the United States government. Charles Postly Mclninch, born in 
1834, was named after his maternal great-uncle a prominent and wealthy 
New Yorker, who has one of the fine monuments that adorn Greenwood 



94 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

cemetery of that city; C. P. Mclninch died in Oklahoma in 1901, leaving 
a family of sons and daughters ^vho are now scattered throughout the 
southwest. Benjamin F. Mclninch is in Nemaha county. William H. 
is the fourth of the children. Le\'i Johnson, a teacher, died while at 
his work in Canton, Ohio, in the prime of life, leaving a wife and a 
daughter. Catherine Ann died at the age of twenty-three while with her 
aunt and uncle Caldwell in New York city. Amos Auderson is a retired 
merchant in St. Joseph, Missouri, and has three sons. David G. is a 
farmer east of St. Joseph, and has three daughters and one son. 

William H. Mclninch was reared on a farm, having limited edu- 
cational advantages in the primitive schoolhouses of the time and locality. 
At the age of seventeen, soon after his modier's death, he left home 
and went with Hux Bi\-ens to drive stock across the plains to Oregon. 
He was four and a half months from St. Joseph, i\lissouri, to Albany, 
Linn county, Oregon, and from there he went to the northwest corner of 
California in the spring of 1854. He was engaged in placer gold mining 
there until the fall of 1857, and then returned home l)y.way of New York 
city, and in the same fall came to this part of Nebraska and pre-empted 
the one hundred and sixty acres which still forms part of his farm, 
pa}-ing for it with a Mexican land warrant. There wQvt but few settlers 
here then, the nearest neighbor being a mile away. The landscape 
presented a picture of an undulating stretch of prairie, covered with 
wild flowers and grass, and was a dreary scene to one accustomed to the 
roll and woodland of more eastern states. He made his first dwelling of 
one room, built of poles, and with one door and one window, and its 
dimensions were fourteen by sixteen feet. He later helped a squatter 
prove up some land, and received a deed for forty acres on Snow Island, 
on which he built a log and mud cabin. In i860, soon after his marriage, 
he bought seventy-fi\e acres one mile southwest of his place, for one 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 95 

tliousand dollars, and his later purchases were : Five acres of timher on 
the bluffs near Brownville, for one hundred and twenty-fi\-e dollars; 
forty acres of timber for two hundred and fifty-five dollars ; eighty acres 
of prairie southeast of this farm for two thousand dollars: eighty acres 
west for eighteen hundred ; eighty acres of improved land foi" fifteen hun- 
dred ; eighty acres which he purchased near by in 1894 for thirty-six 
hundred: forty acres one mile south at fourteen hundred; and in 1901 he 
purchased a half a block in Auburn on which he has erected a beautiful 
home for his permanent residence. He paid two hundred and seventy-five 
dollars to the Cumberland Presbyterian institution, Missouri Walley Col- 
lege, at Marshall, Missouri, and has a lot there on which he has paid 
taxes for ten years. He has sold and traded a great deal of land, and 
his present farm consists of three hundred and sixty acres, and in the 
family there are over fifteen hundred acres, with eight sets of buildings. 
Mr. Mclninch. with the help and co-operation of his wife, has made 
all he has. He earned his first money by working on a farm in Missouri 
for Tom McDonald at ten dollars and a half a month. The second house 
which he built in Nebraska was of hewn logs, and it is now doing duty 
as a stable. This was replaced by the present brick, story and a half, 
house, which was built twenty-three years ago, and is beautifully sur- 
rounded with flowers and groves which make it a bower of beauty nearly 
all year. He has an apple orchard of ten acres, besides a large variety of 
other fruits, especially peaches. He has sold one ten-acre orchard, and 
has two others, and has planted twenty acres to fruit. His leading crop 
is corn, of which he plants from one hundred to two hundred and fifty 
acres, and from one hundred and six acres in 1902 he sold 5750 bushels. 
He has often raised as much as ten thousand bushels of corn. He and 
his wife are about to ensconce themselves in the new home in Auburn, 



96 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

and tlie maiden daughter and youngest son will remain on the farm and 
manage it. 

Mr. Mclninch volunteered on July 6, 1862, at Bro\vn\'ille, Nebraska, 
and was enrolled in Company G_, Second Kansas Cavalry, with which lie- 
saw service until the close of the war, for three years. He was under 
Generals Blunt and Steele in Arkansas. He was captured at Poison 
Springs, and was held a prisoner for nine months in Tyler and Camp 
Gross, Texas. After his capture he knew he would be reported among 
the dead, and he took the first opportunity to ingratiate himself with the 
Confederate officers, who permitted him to send a letter to his young wife, 
informing her of his real circumstances. This prison experience was the 
worst of all his life, and he suffered every physical torment except death, 
two hundred and ten of his companions in misery dying of disease, 
mostly of yellow fever. He was finally paroled and sent north, being 
luustered out at Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, and paid off and dis- 
charged at Lawrence, Kansas. The government paid him for his horse 
and equipment and the clothing he had lost, and he also received twenty- 
five dollars a month while in the service, having furnished his own 
horse. He also got four dollars a month pension, which was later raised 
to eight dollars, and is now twelve. 

Mr. Mclninch was married on January 27, 1859, to Miss Catherine 
L. Dunkle, who was born on the banks of the Ohio river, in West Vir- 
ginia, April 8, 1842, a daughter of Henry and Nancy (Smith) Dunkle. 
Henry Dunkle was a carpenter and boatbuilder, and died at the age of 
twenty-six, lea\ing his wife and this one daughter, having lost one 
daughter at the age of four. His widow afterward had eight children 
iiy James Emmons, and she died at Tecumseh, Nebraska, in the fall of 
1902, when nearly eighty-three years of age. Mrs. Mclninch came 
with the family in 1856 by water as far as Omaha, thence to Atchison 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 97 

county, Missouri, and her step-father took a claim in Nemaha county. 
The latter died in 1890, when about seventy-eight years old. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mclninch have had ten children : Ophelia is the wife 
of Casmer Barnes; James H. is a farmer near here, and has a wife and 
one son; Willa Kate, born in 1864 while her father was' in the army, was 
named after her father and mother; David P. is a farmer oni the Auburn 
road, and has two sons and one daughter: Clara Belle is the wife of 
D. E. Zook, a farmer near here, and has six children living ; M. S. is an 
attorney in Auburn, and is married ; Charles D. died at the age of 
sixteen months ; Barnett J., unmarried, is on the home farm and in part- 
nership with his father; one son died in infancy; and Julia Nellie is a 
student in the Auburn high school, class of 1904. 

Mr. Mclninch now votes the Prohibition ticket, having come over 
from the Democratic ranks . He is one of the surviving members of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. He has been a school director, but has had 
little time for active participation in public or political affairs. He and 
his wife are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian church, and the 
children have been baptized in the church. He is an elder, and has been a 
member, of the assembly three times.: 



PETER CAREY. 

Peter Carey is one of the oldest and best known residents of the 
town of Peru, where for thirty-five years he has been a familiar figure 
in the streets and personally known to every citizen both through ofificial 
and business connections and social and personal association. He is the 
pioneer and oldest established drayman of the place, has carried nearly 
all the mail that the town has e\er received or sent, and in his duties as 



98 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

chief police officer and representative of the majesty of the law has on 
more than one occasion made a reputation for coohiess and courage 
wliile upholding law and order. In every relation of life, wliether as 
soldier on the hardfought battlefields of the great Civil war, as a business 
man, as a public official, or as a public-spirited citizen, he has been 
efficient, enterprising, industrious, honest and brave, and deserves the 
regard and respect which are so gratefully accorded him by all who 
know him. 

i\Ir. Carey was born in Pike county, Illinois, January 12. 1838, 
a son of Peter and Matilda (Constantine) Carey. Avho were of English 
descent and both natives of New ^'ork city, where the former was born 
February 28, 181 1, and they were married in 1832. Peter Carey, Sr., 
was a baker in New York city, but after his marriage went to Illinois 
and engaged in farming during the remainder of his life. He died in 
1898, and his wife in 1883. They were the parents of five children, 
of whom three are now living: Margaret, who has some ten children; 
Peter ; and Cyrena Clans, who is a widow in Pike coutity, Illinois, and 
has two children. 

Mr. Carey was reared on his father's farm in Illinois, and enjoyed 
common school educational privileges. When the Ci\-il war came on he 
volunteered, in July, 1861, in Company K, Second Illinois Cavalry, and 
ga\-e four years and two months of loyal and devoted service to the 
country which he loves so well. He was commissary sergeant of his 
company. He was many times exposed to the missiles of death and had 
many narrow escapes, but his reckless courage and dashing impetuosity 
seemed invulnerable, although bullets often pierced his clolhes and his 
comrades fell beside him. At Holly Springs, Mississippi, his regiment 
was captured, and he was the last man to be taken, and it was almost a 
miracle that he was not shot down for his brave resistance. He was in 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. _ 99 

hospital at New Orleans for some two weeks, being afflicted witli a 
peculiar southern fever, wliicli caused him to sleep soundly from sunrise 
to sunset, and the only cure was a change of climate. \\'hen he was 
captured he weighed one hundred and sixty pounds and only one hun- 
dred and twenty-six on his release, but after leaving New Orleans he 
gained a pound a day until he weighed one hundred and seventy-six 
pounds. He received his honorable discharge at St. Augustine, Texas, 
September 25, 1865. 

He then returned to Illinois and engaged in farming for two years. 
He came to Peru, Nebraska, in 1869. For at least thirty years he has 
carried the mail to and from the trains, seldom being off dutv. He 
started the first regular dray \Aagon in the town, and is now probably the 
oldest drayman in the state. He has carried the express for the Normal 
College for thirty years. A few years ago he was thrown from his dray 
while the horse was running away, and for two weeks was unconscious 
and gixen up for dead, and was confined to his bed for two months, luit 
his old veteran spirit brought him safely through and he is once more 
active and engaged on his regular tasks. He is a stanch Reoublican in 
politics, and has served his fellow citizens on the town board and also as 
city marshal. In the latter capacity he has had some narrow escapes 
from crazy men, but the coolness and courage which he had displayed 
before on the battlefield here stood him in good stead, and in each case 
he performed his duty unflinchingly. 

■Mr. Carey was married in September, 1888, to J^Irs. Susan Debucjue, 
who was born in England in 1841, and came across the Atlantic at the 
age of sixteen years, being a sister of John and Phillip Palmer, who are 
written of elsewhere in this work. She had been married twice before 
her union with Mr. Carey, and had five children by her first husbands. 
ISIr. and Mrs. Carey have no children of their own, but have an adopted 



loo SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

son who is the idol of their affections and the cheer of the home. His 
name is Ezra Peter Carey, and he was born April i8, 1890, a son of 
Albert Debuque and a grandson of Mrs. Carey. He was adopted at 
the age of eleven months, and he also has a sister and a brother. He is 
an industrious little fellow, and he and his foster father own and operate 
some ninety acres on the Missouri bottoms, for which they paid two 
hundred dollars in 1901 and which is now worth si.x hundred. This 
land was once the bed of the river, and on it they raise corn and also 
have about thirty acres in vegetables and truck. I\Ir. Carey also owns 
two lots and two buildings in town, and his wife has one building. 
Mrs. Carey was reared in the Methodist faith, and is a most estimable 
woman and popular among her many friends. 



GEORGE BUCHANAN ARMSTRONG. 

George Buchanan Armstrong, one of the foremost farmers and 
stock-raisers of Nemaha county, residing in Bedford precinct, Howe 
postoffice, has lived here nearly all his life, since childhood, and has made 
unqualified success of his ventures. He is a man of progressive ideas 
and public spirit, and both in matters of individual interest and those 
affecting the general welfare of his course of action and counsel are 
reliable, and accomplish results. 

Mr. Armstrong's father, Josiah Armstrong, was born near Wheel- 
ing, Virginia, April 3, 1821, and died in Nemaha county, on the old 
home farm which he settled in in 1870. He was married on Thanksgiving 
day, 1838, in Pennsylvania, to Miss Catherine Morehead, who was born 
in Pennsylvania, September 10, 18 16, and died in Nebraska, September 
19, 1S92. They came to Nebraska in 1864, and three years later settled 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. loi 

on the prairie and began, without capital and in the pioneer fashion, to 
make themselves a iiome. They were successful people, and lived irre- 
proachable lives of industry. They were members of the Methodist 
church. Their children, all born in Ohio, are as follows: William, who 
died at the age of three years in Pennsylvania ; Robert, a stock rancher in 
Rooks county, Kansas, has nine children living, eight daughters ; one 
died in infancy: Mary Ann, the widow of Henry Halterman, lives at 
Verdon, Richardson county, Nebraska, and has six children : Telitha, 
the wife of Albert Douglass, at Hiawatha, Kansas, has seven children 
living: Elizabeth, the wife of George F. Huntington, died in California 
at the age of fifty, leaving four children; Lauina, the wife of Perry 
Montgomery, of Stella, Nebraska, has six children : George B. is the 
eighth in order of birth : Josiah, who was unmarried, was killed by his 
seven-horse team at Oxnard, California, \\;here he was hauling beets for 
the largest beet-sugar factory in the world. 

George B. Armstrong was born in Jackson county, Ohio, June 25, 
1856, and was brought to Nemaha county, Nebraska, on October 12, 
1864. He was reared to farm life, and enjoyed a fair amount of school- 
ing, stopping at the ninth grade, then tlie highest, in his ninteenth year. 
He remained at home until his marriage, which occurred when he was 
twenty-six years old, and then began farming on his own account. He 
now owns three hundred and twenty acres in two farms, and he makes 
stock-raising and buying his leading enterprises. He has as high as 
two and three hundred head of cattle at a time. He bought his present 
farm in 1889, paying six thousand dollars for it, and he has built all 
the buildings except the house. He planted his own orchard, and he has 
two of the finest barns in the vicinity. The cattle barn is fifty-two by fifty- 
six feet, with twenty-foot posts, and will shelter seventy tons of fodder 
and fifty cattle. His hay and horse barn is thirty-eight by sixty-four feet. 



I02 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

with twenty-foot posts, and will stall fifty-seven horses and hold eighty 
tons of hay. He raises about one hundred hogs each year, and about 
twenty horses. 

March i8, 1883, Mr. Armstrong was married to Miss Lizzie 
Hughes, who was born near Brownville, April 7. 1861, a daughter of 
R. V. Hughes and Elizabeth (CuUen) Hughes, the former born near 
Dayton, Ohio, and the latter in Pennsylvania. They were married in 
Indiana, and came west in 1859. ]\Ir. Hughes was a lawyer b}- profes- 
sion, and was honored with all the offices of the county during his resi- 
dence here. He had been a school teacher, and was a man of refinement 
and education, being a deep reader of all current and standard literature. 
He gathered the collection of fruit which took the premium among the 
exhibits from Nebraska at the W^orld's fair in Boston. ^Irs. Armstrong 
is one of ten children, and the others now living are : Jennie, the wife of 
Tom Ross, her second husband, has seven children ; Mrs. Armstrong is 
next in age; Catherine is the wife of Charles Wheeler, of this county, and 
has eight children ; Edward went to California at the age of nineteen and 
has a farm of one hundred acres tliere, and is the father of four children ; 
John is unmarried, and living in Howe; Minnie is the wife of Tom 
Lighthill, in Oklahoma; Rose is the wife of Lee Nunn, in western Ne- 
braska, and has seven children. ■\Irs. Armstrong was educated in the 
Brownville high school, and taught for three years. 

The following children have been born to Mr. and ]\Irs. Armstrong: 
Edna, who was educated in the normal and taught for a time, is the wife 
of ^Mike Beauchamp, who farms the old homestead ; Rosa has finished 
school and has a teacher's certificate; Boyd, born January 10, 1889. is at 
home and in school; Hope Mabel was born September 4. 1892; and Bob 
was born on Christmas day of 1898. Mr. Armstrong has been atiiliated 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows for the past twenty years, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 103 

and has passed all the chairs; he is also a Woodman of the World, and 
he and his wife are charter members of the Rebekahs. In politics he is a 
Democrat, and has been school director for nine years. ;I\Ir. Armstrong's 
parents held their golden wedding anniversary on November 29, 1888, 
and at their death they had the unusnal record of leaving thirty-three 
grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. 



MRS. SARAH ELIZABETH FULLER. 

Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth Fuller, an honored resident of the city of 
Nemaha, Nebraska, is the widow of Job Fuller, whose death occurred at 
his home three miles from Nemaha in 1900, when nearly sixty-nine years 
of age. He was born in the county of Kent, England, about eight miles 
west of London, and was reared as a farmer lad, remaining at home 
until reaching years of maturity. He then sailed from Liverpool to 
New York cit}', spending two months on the ocean, and during the 
time celebrated his birthday. He came to this country with small means, 
as his parents were in limited circumstances, but was a scholarly man 
and possessed a retentive memory. For about five years Mr. Fuller 
made his home in Canada, during which time lie was employed as a 
farm hand, and was there married in abinit 1857. He then removed with 
his wife and two children to Illinois, in which state his wife died,, leaving 
two of the four children born to them. During his residence in that state 
he also served as a soldier in the Ci\-il war. 

Soon after the close of that struggle, in 1866, Mr. Fuller came to 
Nebra.ska, and in that year was married to Mrs. Beckwith, the widow of 
Asal Beckwith and also of Jesse Ewing. She was twice married. She is 
a daughter of Huston and Lavina (Livingston) Russell, the former of 



I04 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

wiiom was liorn in Kentucky in 1807 and tlie latter in Pennsylvania in 
1819. Their marriage was celebrated in 1837, and they became the 
parents of ten children, only three of whom grew to years, of maturity, 
namely : Mrs. Fuller, who was born in Shelljy county, Indiana, August 
24, 1836; Tirrell, an agriculturist in Nemaha county: and Nathaniel, who 
died in Auburn, Nebraska, June 17, 1903, leaving a wife and six chil- 
dren and a small estate. He also served as a soldier in the Civil war. 
Mr. and Mrs. Russell remo\'ed from Indiana to Iowa, and about five 
years later, on the loth of February, 1835, came to Nemaha county, Ne- 
braska, crossing the river on the ice, and at this time the Indians wera 
plentiful but the white settlers few. The city of Nemaha then contained 
i)ut one small store, poorly stocked, and with the exception of its proprie- 
tor, who was named Brown, the only other resident was a Mr. Edwards. 
Their worldly possessions at the time of their arrival consisted of two 
yoke of oxen, two cows and two yearlings, and they pre-empted a quar- 
ter section of land three- fourtlis of a mile from Nemaha. Six children 
blessed the union of ]\Ir. and Mrs. Fuller, but nnlv three are now living, 
namely : Dora Mertsheimer. whose husband is engaged in the railroad 
business in Wyoming, and they have three children: JmIih, a resident of 
Evanston, Wyoming, and the father of five children : and Mary, 
the wife of Theodore Ginn, by whom she has three children, and the 
family reside in Auburn, Nebraska. 



JAMES RAYNOR. 

James Raynor, a retired farmer of Auburn. Nebraska, dates his 
birth in Nottinghamshire. England, May i. 1834. He is a son of Thomas 
Raynor. who was born in Lincolnshire, England, December 18, 1796, 
and who emigrated with his familv to America in 1837. Three times 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 105 

married, by his first wife he liad one daugliter. by liis second wife one son 
and one daughter, and by his tliird wife eight children. His third wife 
was Jane Wethereil. a native of York. England, born in 1808, daughter 
of Thomas W'etherell, an innkeeper. Tiieir eight cliildren were as fol- 
lows: Elizabeth, wife of George W. Mclntyre, of Lowell. Massachusetts. 
has one son; Thomas Wetherell. a retired railroad man of Jackson, Mich- 
igan, has one son and one daughter : George, who died in \\'aterville, 
Maine, left a widow and one daughter ; James, whose name introduces 
this sketch : Jane, wife of B. S. Gillman. of San Francisco, California ; 
I'tobert W'., a locomotive engineer and foreman of the round-house at 
Battle Creek, Michigan, has four sons; John W., who died in Kansas 
City. Missouri. April 26, 1896; and William B.. of Muskegon. Michigan, 
has been twice married and has one son and two daughters. The 
father of this large family died in Orange, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, 
March 16, 1864, and the mother died at the home of her son in Mount 
\'ernon, Illinois, in April, 1875, at the age of seventy-four years. 

James Raynor was three years old when he was brought by his 
parents to this countr}'. and his boyhood days were spent in \'ermont, 
the removal of the family to Ohio being in 1854, when he was twenty. 
He attended the pul^lic schools up to the time he was seventeen, when he 
began learning the trade of carriage painter. After serving an appren- 
ticeship of three years to this trade, he continued work at it until the 
outbreak of the Civil war. 

August 15. 1861. Mr. Raynor volunteered his services for the pro- 
tection of the country into which lie had been adopted. At this time 
he was in Albany. Green county. Wisconsin. As a member of Company 
E. Thirteenth Wisconsin, he served one year to the day. He was then 
transferred to the Thirty-first Regiment, Company F, the fortunes of 
which he shared until July 6, 1865. when he was mustered out at Madison, 



io6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Wisconsin. He was during tlie first year of liis army life made a second 
lieutenant, later was promoted to first lieutenant, and was in command of 
the company twenty-two months, as first lieutenant. He was brevetted 
captain. Mr. Raynor was in four hard-fought battles — Parksville, Peach 
Tree Creek. Nashville and Decatur. 

After the war Mr. Raynor returned to Albany, Wisconsin, and en- 
gaged in the manufacture of wagons and carriages, under the firm name 
of The Tilleys & Raynor. Selling his interest in the establishment in 
December, 1869, Mr. Raynor came further west the following year, 
landing in Washington county, Kansas, in June, where he engaged in 
farming. He still owns one hundred and si.xty acres of land in Barnes 
township, \\'ashington county, Kansas. 

April g, 1854, ^Ir. Raynor married ^liss Harriet Vrooman, a. 
native of Ohio, born in 183 1, daughter of Frederick and Elizabeth 
(Becker) Vrooman, both of Otsego county. New York. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Raynor were gi\'en two sons. One died in infancy and the other, 
\\'illis J., is a practicing physician of Auburn. Mrs. Raynor died Octo- 
ber 31, 1902, in Barnes, Washington county, Kansas, at the age of sev- 
enty-two years, after the term of their married life had lengthened out to 
nearly fifty years. A true wife, loving mother, noble woman — her death 
was a sad loss to Mr. Raynor. 

Fraternally, Mr. Raynor is identified with the Free and Accepted 
Masons, the Independent Oder of Odd Fellows and the Grand Army of 
the Republic. In the last named organization he was post commander 
three terms, two terms in Beadle Post, Nebra.ska, and one in Barnes 
Post, Washington county, Kansas. He has been a life-long Republican. 
He was a justice of the peace and police judge many years, in both Kan- 
sas and Nebraska. I\Ir. Raynor may be called a self-educated man. All 
his life he has been a close observer and a careful and constant reader. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 107 

Naturally of a genial disposition and with a retentive memory, both 
physically and mentally well preserved, and with a rare store of interest- 
ing reminiscences, he is indeed a cheerful companion for both young 
and old. 

Willis James Raynor, son of James and Harriet Raynor, was born 
in Wisconsin, January 14, 1856. He attended the district and high 
schools in his native state, spent two years in the Kansas State Normal 
School, and then took a course in the Medical College of Ohio, at Cin- 
cinnati, where he graduated in 1880. He has also taken two post-graduate 
courses in New York. After finishing his studies in Cincinnati, Dr. Ray- 
nor located in Hardy, Nebraska, where he was engaged in the practice of 
his profession twelve years. In. 1896 he removed to Denver, Colorado, 
where he had a nice home and where he spent one year practicing medi- 
cine. In 1898 he enlisted in the United States service, as assistant sur- 
geon, and was on duty at Fort Logan, Colorado, until June, 1899, in full 
charge of the hospital. With the Twenty-fifth United States Infantry 
he was ordered to the Philippines, where they landed in due time and 
where he was in the field during the Lawton campaign. Afterward 
he was transferred to the general hospital of the regular army, and re- 
mained on duty until August, 1900. At this time he secured a leave 
of absence and came home, being away seven months and returning, 
accompanied by his family, and with the rank of captain. He w^as mus- 
tered out in December. 1902, and at once embarked for home. He 
landed in San Francisco, California, the day his mother died in Kansas, 
but it was not until a week afterward that he reached the old home 
place and his bereaved father. 

Dr. Raynor was married June 5, 18S3, at Hardy, Nebraska, to Miss 
Mary A. Shore, a native of Pennsylvania. She was born May 9, 1858, 
daughter of Charles and Elizabeth (Whitehead) Shore, both now de- 



io8 SOUJHEASTFRN NEBRASKA. 

ceased, her mother having died at the age of sixty-five years and her 
father at seventy-three. Mrs. Raymond is one of a family of five children, 
four of whom reached maturity. To the Doctor and his wife have been 
given five children : Ivy, May, Iris, Ruth and Willis James, Jr. The son 
and youngest child was born in the Philippines, April 13, 1902. Like his 
father before him. Dr. Raynor is a Republican and a member of the 
Masonic order. 



JAMES CO\\'EL. 

James Cowel, who died at his late home in Bedford precinct, Howe 
postoffice, Kemaha county, July 4, 1903, at the age of fifty years, was 
one of the honored old settlers of Southeastern Nebraska, having come 
here before the admission of the state to the Union. Although lie 
finished his life's work early, his career was filled with useful efforts and 
was successful from every point of view. His citizenship and manhood 
were above reproach, and to his family he was generous in fatherly devo- 
tion, kind in action, and himself a high ideal for their subsequent life. 
Both he and his wife were taken from their children when their parental 
aft'ection and counsel and aid were indispensable, but the son and 
daughters have bravely taken up the duties of home and life and are 
carving for tliemseh'es honorable places in the world. 

Mr. Cowel was a son of Reuben Cowel, who was a farmer of Ohio, 
from which state he came to Cass county, Indiana, and in 1868 followed 
his son to Nebraska, where he farmed during the rest of his life. He 
was a soldier in the Civil war, and was a man of character and ability 
in every sphere of life. He was twice married, having ten children by 
his first wife, who died in Delaware countv, Ohio. Of the eight sons 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 109 

and two daughters, two sons died in infancy, and the tour now hving 
are: Lida, wife of Adam \\iIson. at Red Oak, Iowa; Jay and Andy, 
farmers of Oklahoma, and the latter a stock-dealer; and Uriah, in 
Lawrence, Michigan. 

James Cowel was born in Delaware county. Ohio, December 13, 
1852. He came to Nebraska in 1865, and began as a tenant farmer in 
Nemaha county. He came to the present homestead of one hundred and 
sixty acres in 1886, and in 1888 bought it for thirty-five dollars an acre, 
but it is now worth considerably more. He was a good farmer, and 
longer life would undoubtedly have made him one of the most prosperous 
men of the county. 

August 21, 1880, Mr. Cowel was married in Sheridan (now Au- 
burn) to Miss Margaret Hughes, a daughter of A. D. T. Hughes, one 
of the pioneers of this part of the state, and whose brother William home- 
steaded the Cowel farm. Mr. and Mrs. Cowel had four children : 
Oliver C, who since his father's death has assumed the conduct of the 
home farm and is doing well; Clara E., who is a teacher and living at 
home; Dollie C, who is just out of school; and Neva N., aged eleven 
years and in school. They were all educated in Auburn, and Oliver 
graduated in 1901, and the two sisters were in the classes of 1903 and 
1905 when their parents died. Mrs. Cowel died February 13, 1903, 
of dropsy, while her husband was afflicted with rheumatism and Bright's 
disease. Mr. Cowel was a Master Mason, and in politics a Democrat, 
but later a Populist. His wife was a Methodist, and he was reared in the 
Lutheran church, but throughout life placed deeds above creeds. By his 
w^ll he left his estate to his children, and notwithstanding their sore 
bereavement they are reflecting credit on their noble and worthy parents 
by the manner in which they have taken up the burdens of life. 



no SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

LIEUTENANT JOSEPH K. PITTMAN. 

Lieutenant Joseph K. Pittman, of Nemaha township. Gage county, 
Nebraska, is a resident here of fifteen years' standing. His Hfe of over 
sixty years has been passed in various localities, all of which have been 
honored by his substantial citizenship and worthy performance of every 
duty devolving upon him. When in the flush of young manhood he 
gave his services to the nation to preserve union and personal liberty, 
and the meritorious and gallant part which he took on the field of battle 
is attested by the title which he won. Since that time he has gained suc- 
cess equally great in civil life, has devoted himself without reserve to 
individual work and the discharge of those responsibilities which come 
up between man and man, and for all this deserves the honor and esteem 
which are shown him and his excellent family. 

Lieutenant Pittman was born in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, in 
1840, and comes of a family well known in that state, some of wihose 
members took part in the early wars of the colonies and republic. His 
great-grandfather Benjamin, his grandfather Joseph and his father, Ezra, 
were all born in Pennsylvania. Ezra Pittman was a native of Bedford 
county, followed farming there all his life, was a Democrat of the Jack- 
sonian type, and a church member and honored citizen. His wife was 
Elizabeth Knable. a native of Bedford county and a daughter of John 
Knable, of an old Pennsylvania Dutch family. She is also deceased. 

Joseph K. Pittman was reared on the home farm in Pennsylvania, 
and during limited seasons attended school, but the greater part of the 
practical training which has helped him through life was acquired by' 
experience which began when he was a boy. He was twenty-one years 
old when the Civil war came on, and on November 19, 1861, he enlisted, 
at Werefordsburg, Pennsylvania, in Company B. and taken into the 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. in 

Third Maryland Volunteer Infantry, under Captain Cardiff and Colonel 
Downey, and gave three years and three months of faithful service. He 
participated in the battle at Harper's Ferry and in many of the engage- 
ments in Virginia, and assisted in repelling General Mosby's raiders from 
the northern states. He was in West Virginia for some time, and his 
regiment was ordered to Gettysburg, but arriving there too late to take 
part in the crucial conflict of the war. ]\Ir. Pittman entered the service 
as a private, was made corporal, orderly sergeant, and then promoted 
to first lieutenant, with which rank he was honorably discharged, with 
the commendation of his superiors and the personal regard of the men 
of his company. In 1865, after he had returned from the war, he came 
west to Kno.x. county, Illinois, and was engaged in farming near Gales- 
burg for thirteen years. In 1878 he moved to Lincoln county, Kansas, 
and in that new country took up a homestead, on which he lived until 
1888, when he came to Gage county, and since then has been successfully 
engaged in farming and stock-raising. 

In 186S Mr. Pittman .was married in Knox county, Illinois, to Miss 
?«Iary F. Bower, and they have enjoyed a most happy union of over 
thirty-five years, gladdened with life's pleasures and made sweeter and 
closer by its sorrows. She is a natixe of Ohio, and a daughter of Jacob 
and Susan (Bryan) Bowier, both of whom are deceased, the latter at 
the age of seventy-eight. Twelve children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Pittman. One son died in childhood, and the others are: Jasper 
D., Joseph, Ulysses G., Ezra, William, Edwin, Roy, Robert, Susan, 
Jessie, and Mary. Mr. Pittman is a stanch Republican, and enjoys 
old army comradeship with the Sergeant Cox Post Xo. 100, G. A. R., 
at Adams. He is also a Mason, and he and his wife are members of the 
Baptist church. He is a w'ell informed man, genial and frank with his 



112 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

associates, and his home is a place of hospitahty and good cheer for all 
who enter its doors. 



CASNER BARNES. 



Casner Barnes, a prominent farmer near South Auburn, on mail 
route No. 2, has been a resident of Nemaha county for forty-five years, 
from the pioneer epoch down to the twentieth century present. He has 
been a successful farmer from youth, and has made a reputation in this 
line, as also as a citizen and man. Few men could have put their diligent 
efforts to better use than Mr. Barnes has in making one of the fine farms 
for wliich this county is noted, and to whatever he has turned his hand 
lie has done well. 

Mr. Barnes is a grandson of John Barnes, a Pennsylvania farmer, 
who in 1840 came west to Lee county, Iowa, w'here he died in i860, at 
the age of seventy-five. He had nine children, five sons and four daugh- 
ters, and the only survivor is Alexander, living in Smith county, Kansas. 
John Barnes, the father of Casner Barnes, was born in Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1821, and died at Nemaha city, Nebraska, Sep- 
tember 8, 1896. He and his wdfe inherited eighty acres of land in Iowa, 
and in 1857 they came to Richardson county. Nebraska, and two weeks 
later to Nemaha city, settling one mile north on one hundred and sixty 
acres of land, only ten acres of which had been broken, and they paid 
the claimant seventeen hundred dollars for his "squatter sovereignty" 
and then pre-empted. He bought and sold several farms and was in 
good circumstances. He was a Republican in politics, and was county 
commissioner and register of voters. He and his wife were Presbyterians, 
and he was an elder in the church at Brownville. He was married in 
1846, at West Point, Iowa, to Miss Elizabeth Harger, who was born in 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 1I3 

Indiana, Diecember 20, 1829, and died at Nemaha cit}', June 20, 1883. 
They were the parents of the following children: Casner; Catherine E., 
wife of James H. Drain, at Red Cloud. Nebraska, has nine children ; 
Amanda is the wife of Charles M. Welton, of Johnson, Nebraska; Isham 
B. is a farmer of Coolidge, Kansas, and has seven children ; John S. is 
a farmer of Smith county, Kansas, and has seven children living; Luther 
H. is a farmer, real estate man and contractor in Bison, Oklahoma, and 
has six children living; David, who was county superintendent of schools 
at Lamar, Colorado, died at the age of thirty-four, leaving a wife and 
three children; Lydia H. is the wife of H. O. Hermle, in California, and 
has two children; Mary E. is the wife of B. L. Shellhorn, M. D., of 
Peru, Nebraska, and has two children living. 

Casner Barnes wtis born at West Point. Lee county, Iowa, Novem- 
ber 14, 1847, and was reared on the farm and lived at home until his mar- 
riage in 1877. He bought his first land, ninety-two acres, in 1873. 
He now owns three hundred and twenty acres of choice land, upon which 
he has placed all the improvements, including three acres of orchard 
and shade trees. He does general farming and stock-raising, and in 
1903 had in one hundred and thirty-five acres of corn and sixty of wheat. 
His cattle are of mixed breeds. He has been especially successful in the 
feeding of hogs, and ships about two carloads each year and always keeps 
on hand about a hundred. 

April I, 1877. My. Barnes was married to Miss Ophelia Mclninch, 
who was born February 4, 1860, on a part of Nemaha county that has 
since been washed into the turbulent floods of the Missouri river. Her 
parents, W. H. and Catherine (Dunkle) ?ilclninch, the former a native 
of Ohio, and the latter of \'irginia, came to Nebraska in 1857, and are 
still living on the old farm near Auburn. They had eight children : 
Mrs. Barnes is the eldest ; James H. Mclninch is a farmer near Brown- 



114 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ville; Miss Wille Kate is at home; David C. is a farmer near Auburn; 
Belle is the wife of D. E. Zook, a farmer near Auburn; M. S. Mclninch 
is an attorney in Auburn; Barnett is at Brownville; and Julia, aged 
eighteen, is in school at Auburn. 

Nine children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Barnes. Katie E. 
is the wife of W. H. Linn, a dentist of Auburn, Nebraska; Miss Mattie 
M. is a teacher in Auburn, having taken the training course in the normal 
at Peru; Miss Lydia B. is a student in Auburn; Welton C. is also in the 
Auburn schools; Edna T. attends the district school at home; Mary; 
Delbert M. is eight years old; Guy died at the age of five; and Isham 
Bartlett is a boy of three. Mr. Barnes is a Republican in politics, and 
was once a candidate for county commissioner, and has been on the 
school board for twenty-five years. He and his wife are members of 
the Cumberland Presbyterian church. 



LOUIS H. ROHMEYER. 

Louis H. Rohmeyer, editor and publisher of the U'cstliclicr Bco- 
hachtcr, the official organ of the German Farmers' Insurance Company in 
Nebraska and the leading German paper in the southeastern part of the 
state, is a thoroughly Americanized Germaiv. Bringing with him to 
this country the characteristic energy and enterprise of the German and 
taking advantage of the opportunities for advancement which lie found 
here, he has pushed his way to the front and is justly deserving of the 
representative position which he holds among the leading citizens of the 
locality in which he lives. 

Mr. Rohmeyer is a native of Hanover, Germany, and was born Feb- 
ruary 5, i860. His ancestors were tradesmen, noted for honesty and 




LOUIS H. ROHMEYER 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 115 

industry, and longexity as well. Frederick Nolte, his maternal grand- 
father, lived to the advanced age of ninety-six years and retained his 
faculties, mental and physical, to the close of his life, his death occurring 
in Hanover, in 1865. Mr. Rohmeyer's father, William Rohmeyer, a 
shoe merchant of Hanover, is now past eighty years of age and is still 
active in business. The fiftieth anniversary of his marriage to Johanna 
Nolte was celebrated September 6, 1902. Their pictures in the souvenir 
designed and published by their son, Louis H., in memory of this anni- 
versary, show them to be still well preserved. Of their four children 
Louis H. is the only son now living. His two brothers, William 
and August, died in Hanover — the former at the age of nine years, and 
the latter on his fourtieth birthday, leaving a widow and three children. 
His sister, Louise Frerichs, now resides in Bremerhaven, Germany., 

Louis H. Rohmeyer received a common and high-school education 
in his native city. In 1874, at the age of fourteen years, he began work 
at the printer's trade, and served an apprenticeship of four years. 
Afterwards he worked in Switzerland and Germany as a journeyman 
printer, for several years, until 1890, when he came to America. His 
first location in this country was at St. Louis, where he was for some 
time employed as compositor on a German newspaper, and from whence, 
in 1898, he moved to Lincoln. Nebraska. Up to this time he had been 
able to save but very little if any of his earnings, and when he landed in 
Lincoln he had only thirty-five dollars. The following year he opened a 
job printing office, which he successfully conducted in Lincoln for nearly 
two years, at the end of which time, December i, 1900, he came to 
Auburn and purchased the JVcsfcni Observer, which had been established 
ten months previous to that date. ]\Ir. Rohmeyer has increased the cir- 
culation of his paper to two thousand three hundred, six times its original 
subscription list, and not only has the circulation of the paper been 



ii6 SGJJTIIEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

increased but the standard of the pubhcation also has been raised. He 
owns the plant, and in connection with running the paper he does a large 
job printing business in both German and English. 

Mr. Rohmeyer married, in Hanover, Germany, in 1884, Miss 
Johanna Tieman, and they have had five children, all of whom are living 
except Alfred, who was born in St. Louis, Missouri, October 29, 1891, 
and died at the age of four years. Amelia and William were born in 
Hanover, the former September 5, 1885, and the latter September 2, 
1887. Louis was born in St. Louis, January 6, 1894, and Elizabeth in 
Lincoln, January i, 1892. 

Fraternally Mr. Rohmeyer is identified with a number of fraternal 
organizations, including the Ancient Order of United Workmen, 
Knights of Maccabees, Sons of Herman, and the German Society of 
Lincoln. Politically he is a Republican. 



CHESTER REUBEN CAAIP. 

Chester Reuben Camp, a retired farmer in Auburn in his seventy- 
sixth year, has been one of the enterprising and progressive citizens of 
Nemaha county for forty years, so that he is one of the old settlers and 
has witnessed in his time a wonderful transformation of this country 
from unproductive prairies to a paradise of farms and towns. He has 
made his handsome property by diligence early and late and shrewd man- 
agement, so that he has well earned the prosperity and comfort which 
have come to his later years. He is public-spirited as well, and has 
always been \\''illing to help along any worthy enterprise for the general 
welfare. 

Mr. Camp was born in Ontario county. New York, March 4, 1828. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRAStOA. 117 

His father, John Camp, was born in Massachusetts about 1787, and died 
in Hillsdale county, Michigan, in 1856. He was a shoemaker and a 
farmer. He was married in \ew York to Amy Scott, who died in Mich- 
igan in 1863. They had come to that state in 1837. They were parents 
of live children, and reared three of them. Sylvester died past middle 
life in Hillsdale county, Michigan, leaving one son and one daughter: 
Patience, the wife of Joseph Bentield, died in Lenawee county. Michigan, 
in 1846. 

Chester Reuben Camp, the only survivor of the children, was reared 
on the home farm in Michigan. He recei\'ed his education in the dis- 
trict school, and after completing its studies was asked to become its 
teacher, but declined. He worked out by the month until he was mar- 
ried, and for two years he farmed the old homestead. In 1863 he came 
to Nemaha county and bought a quarter section in Glen Rock precinct, 
paying two yoke of oxen and one hundred dollars for it. He afterward 
traded this, with four hundred dollars to boot, for the farm on which 
he made his home for so many years. He has been an indefatigable 
worker, and has made his farming operations pay unusually well. He 
continued his active work on the farm until 1899, and in that year sold 
his land for fifty dollars an acre, but it is now worth seventy-five. He 
then located in his nice home on one and a half lots in Auburn, and is 
hare surrounded with all the comforts desired by one whose life has been 
passed in such strenuous effort. 

December 17, 1852, ]\Ir. Camp was married to Miss Sally ]\I. Phil- 
lips, who was born in St. Lawrence county. New York, June 9, 1832. 
Her parents, Allen and Lydia (Baker) Phillips, were born, respectively, 
in Vermont and New' York, and were married in the latter state. They 
reared seven children, five daughters and two sons, all of whom had fami- 
lies, and all are now deceased except }ilrs. Camp, who was the sixth 



ii8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

child. They were farmers in New York, and came from that state to 
Michigan in 1838. In the spring of 1857 they drove their team overland 
to Nebraska, and laid a land warrant on one hundred and sixty acres in 
Glen Rock precinct, where they began humbly and experienced the trials 
and privations of a new country. They returned to Michigan in i860, 
and spent the winter with Mr. and Mrs. Camp, but on March 25, 1861, 
they once more landed in Nebraska, where they spent the remainder of 
their lives. 

Mr. and Mrs. Camp have had twb children. Alvaretta is the wife 
of John M. Elliott, in South Auburn, and they have twelve of their four- 
teen children; Calvin, who died in 1876 at the age of seventeen years 
and seven months, of scarlet fever, was a promising youth, bright and 
energetic, and his death was a great sorrow to his parents. Mr. Camp 
has always voted with the Democrats, and officially has served as school 
director and supervisor of roads. He and his wife are esteemed members 
of the Highland Baptist church. 



HON. JOHN H. POHLMAN. 

Hon. John H. Pohlman, wlio is one of the model agriculturists of 
Washington precinct, Nemaha county, and whose farming and stock- 
raising operations in this county have brought him a most gratifying 
degree of material prosperity, is one of the old settlers of this part of the 
state. He crossed the Missouri river on the loth day of May, 1867, 
having driven across the state of Iowa in real emigrant style, with four 
of the best horses which had been seen in this part of the country for 
some time, and which excited universal admiration when he passed 
through the small town of Brownville to the place which he took up from 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 119 

the government. He has made his liome here for the past thirty-eight 
or more years, experiencing several of the ups and downs which fortune 
pays all men, but on the whole being unusually successful. He has 
shown himself to be a man of strictest integrity, uprightness in business 
dealings, thoroughly capable and careful in the management of his afifairs, 
and exhibiting a degree of industry which would bring success in any 
vocation. His principal occupation since taking up his residence in this 
state has been the subduing of the soil and its cultivation and the raising 
of all the products for which this section of the state is so justly famed, 
but he has likewise been keenly interested in the public welfare and the 
upbuilding and development of the community of his residence, having 
been more than once called to responsible offices in the gift of his fellow 
citizens. 

Mr. Pohlman was born in Neumuenster, Schleswig-Holstein, Ger- 
many, August 25, 1839, His father, Hartwig Pohlman, was a railroad 
man in Germany and died there at the age of forty-eight, leaving his 
widow and two sons with a small estate. He was born in 1799 and died 
in 1847. He had married Miss Anna Inselman, and they had two sons, 
John H. being the elder, and Fred was a printer and died in Chicago at 
the age of forty years, leaving his wife and three children. Mr. Pohl- 
man's mother crossed the Atlantic in 1857, and landed in New York on 
July 4th, having been seven weeks and three days on the ocean. She 
came out to Illinois, and was later married in Peoria to Charles Polster, 
who came from the same part of Germany as she had. She died in 
Peoria, September 30, 1898, aged eighty-three years, and strong in body 
and spirit to the last, having been sick only one week before she passed 
away. 

Mr. Pohlman had a good education in his native land up to his 
seventeenth vear, and also attended school awhile after he arrived in 



I20 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Knox county, Illinois. He worked in Illinois at wages from six to 
fifteen dollars a month, and was thus engaged until the war. August 
i8, 1861, he enlisted in Company C, Forty-seventli Illinois Infantry, ancj 
served thirteen months, but was discharged at St. Louis on account of 
physical disability, on Septeml:)er 27, 1863. He was confined in the 
hospital for two months before his discharge. His pension of eight dol- 
lars a month has recently been raised to twelve. After his marriage in 
1863 he lived in Illinois until he started across the country, in a large 
covered wagon, and was thirteen days on the road to Nebraska, bringing 
his wife and two children to the new country across the ^Tissouri. He 
took up government land, and his first residence cost him ten hundred 
and eighty dollars, but in 1871 this with its contents was burned to the 
ground. He could ill afford such a loss at that time, and in order to 
rebuild he was compelled to sacrifice a team of fine horses which he loved 
so well, selling them for four hundred dollars and erecting a cheaper res- 
idence until he could build a l)etter. With the increase of his family and 
his material prosperity he tore down his house number two, and has 
now one of the most substantial and comfortable country residences in 
this part of the county. It has two stories, with ten rooms, a cement- 
floored basement under all, and is everywhere known as one of the model 
homes of the vicinity. It is surrounded by a beautiful lawn, with cement 
walks leading in all directions, and the embowering groves of shade 
and fruit trees give the entire place a setting and charm which would 
entice any beauty-lo\-er to an hour's repose within its boundaries. Mr. 
Pohlman has always engaged in general farming and stock-raising, 
and his fine orchard of five acres, which he tends carefully and does not 
allow to die out, has also been a joifrce of revenue, in addition to supply- 
ing the home with all needed fruit. He has shipped as high as three 
carloads of apples in one season. In the matter of stock Mr. Pohlman 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 121 

lias always been an enthusiastic lover of fine horses, and he usually raises 
from twenty to twenty-five head, and each year feeds from forty-five to 
one hundred head of Poll Angus cattle and about five hundred hogs of the 
Poland China strain. He raises some of the best mules in the country. 
His farm consists of three hundred and twenty acres, and all its improve- 
ments and equipments and methods of cultivation show the up-to-date 
and progressive agriculturist who owns it. 

Diecember 23, 1863, Mr. Pohlman was married in Knoxyille. Illi- 
nois, to Miss Elizabeth Crawford, who was born in Knox county, Illinois, 
November 4, 1845. Her parents were Thomas and Diana (Metcalf) 
Crawford, who were born May 15, 1807, and February 20, 1809, respec- 
tively, and were married December 18, 1830, being the parents of 
fourteen children, as follows : Three died in infancy or childhood ; James 
Crawford died in California aged about sixty-five years; Thomas died 
in California when about fifty, leaving a wife : Deborah, the wife of James 
Buck, died in Illinois, leaving three children; Mrs. Mary Daniels lives 
in California, having one son; Robert died during the Civil war, leaving 
two children; Joanna is in California and has three children; Martha, 
the wife of John Thompson, died in Nemaha county, leaving two 
children; Mrs. Pohlman is the next of the family; Vachel is a farmer in 
Jewell county, Kansas, and has five children; William, a dealer in musical 
instruments in Lincoln, Nebraska, has three daughters and one son ; 
A\'alter died at the age of nineteen. Thomas Crawford, the father of 
this family, died in California about 1894, aged eighty-seven years, and 
his wife had passed away in 1859. 

Fifteen children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Pohlman, as fol- 
lows : Frank C, born in Knox county, Illinois, in 1864, is a successful 
stock rancher in Thomas county, Kansas, and has two sons and three 
daughters; Minnie L., born in Illinois in February, 1866, is the wife 



122 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

of George Leiser in Grand Island, Nebraska, and has four daughters; 
John H., born in Nebraska, December 7, 1868, died wlien two years old; 
Ohve B., born October 19, 1870, is the wife of B. L. Brinkley, of John- 
son, and has two daughters and one son; Etta, born August 28, 1872, is 
tlie wife of Byron Phelan, a farmer in Nemaha county, and has five sons ; 
Anna, born March 8, 1874, is the wife of John Weber, a farmer of 
Nemaha county, and has one daughter; Homer J., born February 25, 
1876, a farmer near his father's place and for the past two years a mail 
carrier, has two sons; Thomas C., born December 30, 1878, is unmarried 
and at home; Fred, born January 28, 1880, died when two years old; 
Ella and Delia, twins, born August 25. 1882, died within twenty-four 
hours of each other when two years old ; John H. and Jennie, born June 
10, 1884, are both at home; Charles P., born October 17, 1886, is a 
student in Grand Island College; and Rose, born January 4, 1887, is 
at home and attending school in Johnson. The daughters all have musical 
taste and sing and play. Withal it is a family to be proud of, and Mr. 
and Mrs. Pohlman thoroughly enjoy and appreciate their model home. 
Mr. Pohlman has served his fellow citizens two terms in the lower 
house of the legislature, and made a name while there for conscientious 
interest in the welfare of his costituents and the state. He has also 
served nine years in the office of county commissioner. He has always 
been a stanch Republican, and is logical and intelligent in his beliefs. He 
was reared in the faith of the Lutheran church, while his wife is a 
Methodist. He is one of the German Americans who on coming to this 
country readily adapted themselves to the ways and customs of this land 
and acquired the language with the readiness of a child learning its 
own vernacular, so that he has since helped many other Germans who 
have worked for him to learn the language. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 123 

DANIEL GOODMAN. 

Daniel Goodman, one of tlie prominent farmers and stock-raisers 
of Gage county, near Adams, Nebraska, is an old-time citizen of the 
state, having first settled here twenty-five years ago, and he has lived in 
Gage county for fifteen years. His life is a record of loyal citizenship, 
for he is listed among the veterans of the Civil war, where he displayed 
brave and creditable service as a soldier, and in all his subsequent 
activity has been as true to duty and the obligations imposed by family 
and society as when a youth wearing the blue uniform of a Union soldier. 

Mr. Goodman was born in Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, 
in 1845, of ^" old and highly respected family of that county and state. 
His parents, Daniel and Katie (Wagner) Goodman, were also natives of 
that county, and his great-grandfather Wagner was a patriot soldier of 
the Revolutionary war. Daniel Goodman, Sr., was an honest farmer, a 
good citizen, a member of tlie Reformed church, a Republican in politics, 
a man respected wherever he went. Both he and his wife died in Penn- 
sylvania. They had fourteen children, ten sons and four daughters, 
and three sons, Eli, Nathan and Daniel, were soldiers in the Civil war. 

Daniel Goodman, Jr., was reared on a farm and taught to work and 
given an honest purpose in life. Pie was eighteen years old when he 
decided to become a soldier. In February, 1863, he enlisted from his 
native county as a member of Company I, Forty-ninth Pennsylvania 
Infantry. He was in the terrible Wilderness campaign, at the battles 
of Cold Harbor, Spottsylvania Court House, Winchester and other en- 
gagements of lesser importance. He was around Petersburg during the 
last days of the war, and took part in the grand review of the troops at 
the close, after which he received an honorable discharge as an honored 
veteran of the greatest war in the annals of history, and went home with 



124 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

a record of service which will always remain a matter of pride to him- 
self and his descendants. 

Shortly after his return from the war Mr. Goodman went west to 
Stephenson county, Illinois, and settled on a farm near Freeport. where 
he lived until 1874, in which year he first took up his residence in the 
state of Nebraska, locating in Otoe county, near Dunbar. Here the noted 
grasshopper scourge descended upon him, destroying his crops and all 
his prospects for the time, and gave him such a bad opinion of Nebraska 
in general that he returned to Illinois and did not make the venture of 
settling across the Missouri for several years. But on coming to Ne- 
braska for the second time he fared better and came to realize the abun- 
dant resources of the state. He has been in Gage county for fourteen 
years, and is now a prosperous and contented agriculturist. He owns 
eightv-five acres of land, with a pretty and comfortable residence, ample 
barns, a fine lot of horses and cattle, and everything needed by the model 
Nebraska farmer. 

In Stephenson county, near Freeport, Illinois, in 1881, 'Mr. Goodman 
was married to Miss Emma Reed, who has been a faithful wife and helper 
to him for over twenty years. She was born in Schuylkill county, Penn- 
sylvania, one of the eight children of Daniel and Mary (Hay) Reed, 
who were natives of Pennsylvania, and the former of whom died in Otoe 
county, and the latter in Gage county, Nebraska. Mr. and !\Ir5. Good- 
man have one daughter, Essie, now the wife of Oscar Vanderpool, of 
Lancaster county, Nebraska, and they have one daughter, Goldie \'^an- 
derpool. Mr. Goodman is a stanch Republican in politics, and affiliates 
with the Sergeant Cox Post No. 100, G. A. R., at Adams. He is a man 
of excellent business ability and attractive social qualities, and is respected 
and liked by everj^one. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 125 

HENRICK L. WATSON. 

Henrick L. Watson, proprietor of the general blacksmith and repair 
shops of Adams, Nebraska, is one of the most successful men in his line 
in Southeastern Nebraska. He has been a respected resident of Adams 
for twenty-three years, so that he is really an old settler. He has been 
engaged in his trade continuously for forty years and his present pros- 
perity has been well earned. 

Mr. Watson was born in Tuscarawas county, Ohio, May 2, 1845. 
His father, ^^'illianl Watson, was born in Scotland, of an old Scotch 
family, and was a tailor by trade. He voted the "Republican ticket, and 
was a Scotch Presbyterian in religion. He died in Ohio at the age of 
sixty-nine, honored and respected for his worthy character. His wife 
was Lucy Barrett, a native of New York state, and she died when si.xty- 
eight years old. They had eight sons and three daughters. Their son 
Evanett was drum major of the Ninety-eighth Ohio Infantry, and with 
Sherman in the march to the sea. Some of the sons are deceased, and 
the two daughters living are Mary and Eda. 

Henrick L. Watson was reared and educated in Ohio. During the 
war he enlisted in Company E, One Hundred and Si.xty-first Ohio 
Infantry, under Captain Cables and Colonel Taylor, and served four 
months. He was at Harper's Ferry, and at various points in \'irginia 
and Maryland. He learned his trade as an iron and steel worker in the 
railroad shops at Denison, Ohio, where he remained for five years, and 
became very proficient, as his subsequent success proves. He followed 
his trade in Illinois and other states for ten years, and came to Johnson 
county, Nebraska, twenty-five years ago, two years later taking up his 
residence at Adams, Gage county, where he founded the business which 
he has carried on so successfully ever since. He has all the patronage 



126 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

which he can handle, and the long continuance of some of his customers 
gives his work the stamp of rehabihty. 

Mr. Watson was married in 1887 to Miss Jennie Shaw, a grand- 
daughter of Benjamin Shaw and a daughter of John Shaw, who is one 
of tlie honored old settlers of Adams, having come here in 1857. The 
Shaw family history is given on other pages of this work. John and 
Sarah Shaw both reside in Adams. Mr. and Mrs. Watson have six 
children : Blanche, Eda, Ruth, Lucy, Esther, and John McKibben. Mr. 
Watson is a Republican in political creed, and he and his wife are valued 
members of the Presbyterian church. They are liberal in dispensing 
their means and their efforts for the general welfare, and have a happy 
home and many friends throughout the town and county. 



JOHN EDWARD LAMBERT. 

John Edward Lambert, one of the leading agriculturists and stock- 
raisers of Nemaha precinct, Nemaha postofifice, has been a resident of 
Nemaha county for over thirty-five years. Coming here poor in health 
and pocket, he has taken advantage of opportunities as they presented 
themselves, has been an indefatigable worker in everything that he has 
undertaken, and his efforts have been rewarded by his being now in the 
front rank of the farmers of the county. 

Mr. Lambert was born in Franklin county, Virginia, August 19, 
1837. His grandfather and grandmother were Virginia farmers, and 
the latter {iicc Moore) was old enough to spin during the Revolution. 
Two of their sons volunteered for service in the Mexican war and were 
made ofificers, and one was disabled while drilling cavalry troops and the 
other was killed bv his horse. Two other sons came and settled in Mis- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 127 

souri in an early day. Grandmother Lambert died in ^"irg■inia when 
nearly a centenarian. 

Edward Lambert, the father of John Edward Lambert, was born 
in Virginia about 1796, and died in Montgomery county of that state in 
1862. He was a wagon-maker by trade, and had his shop on his farm, 
which he also tilled. He married Sarah Acres, of Virginia, who was 
related by marriage to the celebrated Pocahontas. She died in 1865 
when nearly sixty-seven years old. Edward Lambert was a man of great 
strength and vigorous constitution, and his death was caused by falling 
into ice cold water, from which he contracted lung fever. Neither of 
them was member of any church, but they reared their children under 
the best moral influences. They had a large family of children : Clayton, 
a farmer, died in Virginia about fifty years old, and had four children; 
Martha Ann, the wife of John PofY, died in Virginia at about forty-five, 
the mother of two sons and one daughter; Daniel is employed on public 
works in various parts of the country, and did not marry till late in life, 
having one son; William A., came to Nebraska in 1857, and is a farmer 
in Nemaha precinct; Amanda is the wife of George W. Broce, in Ten- 
nessee, and has six sons and six daughters: Adaline is the wife of 
Lewis Broce, in Ironton, Ohio, and has two daughters ; Samuel Henry 
was accidentally killed by his brother at the age of three; John E. is 
the next of the children ; Eleming Joseph, a farmer near Oxford Junc- 
tion, Nebraska, came to the state with his brother John, arriving on the 
day the state was admitted into the LTnion; Susan Elizabeth is the wife 
of Benjamin Moore, in Mississippi, and has nine children. 

John Edward Lambert had very few advantages in the subscription 
schools of Virginia, and at the age of twenty years left the home in 
Montgomery county with the intention of coming to Nebraska. He 
stopped, however, in Lawrence county; Ohio, and worked on a farm by 



128 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

the month for a year at twelve dollars a month, the usual wages being 
e\-en lower than that. He theri returned to Virginia, and remained there 
until the latter part of 1861, when he enlisted in Company K, Eighth 
Virginia Infantry, of the I'nion army. He was taken sick in camp and 
was in the hospital for some time, and when he started to join his regi- 
ment he was captured by the Confederates. He was kept in durance vile 
for about t\\o years, in the jails at Stanton, Lynchburg. Belle Isle, and 
in Libby. He escaped twice arid was recaptured, but finally took perma- 
nent departure from captivity, and was secreted from the rebels during 
the rest of the war. In 1867 he came with his brother Fleming to Ne- 
braska, directly from A'irginia. He had fifty dollars of borrowed money, 
and was an invalid from the exposure of prison life. The dry air of the 
western prairies soon reinvigorated him, and he was able to ply energet- 
ically his trade of mason, and was also a tenant farmer both before and 
after his marriage. After his marriage he sold the forty acres which he 
had managed to acquire, but since then has been continually adding to his 
real estate interests until he is now owner of five hundred and eighty-six 
acres of contiguous land, with two dwellings and barns, and he has a 
tenant farmer on a jiart of the land. He has successfully carried on 
mixed farming, raising as high as ten thousand bushels of corn annually. 
During the thirty-six years that he has spent in this state his average 
yearly profits ha-ve been a thousand dollars, which is a record to be 
proud of. 

^Ir. Lambert was married December 9, 1873, to ]\Iiss Tena ^\'ebber, 
who was born in Bradford county, Pennsylvania, a daughter of John 
and Polly ( }iIorse) \^'ebber, farmers, who came to Missouri in 1859, and 
in 1866 to this neighborhood, where they bought forty acres ; they reared 
two children, and Mr. Webber had two sons and a daughter by a former 
marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Lambert have had fi\e children : Dora, the 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 129 

wife of R. L. Keister, died at the age of twenty-five; Luella, whom 
everyone cahed Lou, was the wife of William Russell, and died a bride 
of two montlis, at the age of nineteen; Miss Sarah Ada, aged nineteen, 
is at home; ^Vaverly ]M. died aged eighteen months; Dan is in the dis- 
trict school. ■Mr. Lambert has been a Republican in principle, but is now 
independent in the casting of his vote. He has been successful in the 
ultimate outcome of his business career. 



JOHN W. BARNHART. 

John W. Barnhart, proprietor and publisher of the Nemaha County 
Herald, Auburn, Nebraska, was born November 8, 1856, in Mount Joy, 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. Alsace-Lorraine was the home of the 
Barnharts before they came to this country, and their arrival in America 
dates back beyond the Revolutionary period. One of Mr. Barnhart's 
grandsires was a commanding officer under Washington in the war of 
the Revolution. His father and grandfather, Israel and Jacob Barn- 
hart, were born in York county, Pennsylvania, the former in 1827 and 
the latter in 1793. Grandfather Barnhart passed his life and died in his 
native county, his age at death being seventy-eight years. Israel Barn- 
hart has for many years been a resident of Alount Joy, Pennsylvania, 
and as a contractor and builder has been prominently identified with 
that place. He was married in 1853 to Miss Lydia Bear, a native of 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, born in 1826, daughter of a merchant 
tailor. Of the six children born to them, we record that Mary is the 
wife of John S. Hamaker; John W. was the second born; William B. 
is a resident of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania ; Henry C. lives in York, Penn- 
sylvania ; Samuel B. is a resident of Pittsburg; and Elizabeth, the 



I30 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

youngest, resides at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The father, Israel Barn- 
hart, makes his home with his daughter, Mrs. Hamaker, in Mount 
Joy, the mother having died in 1895. 

John W. Barnhart obtained his education in the public schools of 
his native town and at Cedar Hill Seminary. He began his newspaper 
work as "printer's de\ir" in the office of the Mount Joy Herald, and 
remained in that office three years, working his way up and thoroughly 
familiarizing himself with every detail of the business. He was after- 
wards employed for a short time in the office of the Daily Ncz^' Era, at 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania. In 1877 he came west to Nebraska, first locat- 
ing in Lincoln and soon afterwards remu\-ing to Sterling, where he estab- 
lished the Sterling News, a weekly paper which he published a year and 
a half. His next move was to Tecumseh. There he started the Johnson 
County Journal, a weekly paper Democratic in politics. This paper he 
sold in the spring of 1881. Returning to Lincoln, he purchased a half 
interest with General Victor Vifquain, in the Daily State Deinoerat. One 
vear later General \'ifquain sold his interest in the paper to Hon. Albert 
\\'atkins. and the firm became \A'atkins & Barnhart. In the sum- 
mer of 1883 Mr. Barnhart sold out to Hon. W. S. Sawyer, who was 
afterwards United States district attorney for the district of Nebraska. 
In the fall of 1883 Mr. Barnhart located at Elk Creek, Nebraska, where 
he published the Echo until the latter part of 1887. and at the same time 
was postmaster of the town, his appointment being made by President 
Cleveland. Late in 1887 he moved his plant to Auburn, and February i, 
1888, issued his first copy of the Nemaha County Herald. He owns the 
building in which his plant is located and from time to time has made 
improvements and enlargements in his equipment until he is now pre- 
pared to care for the regular work of the paper, which at this writing 
has a circulation of o\er two thousand seven hundred, and also to do 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 131 

the large amount of job printing whicli comes to his office. His employes 
number seven to ten. 

l\lr. Barnhart married, in 1883, in Tecumseh, Nebraska. Miss Clarabel 
Foster, a native of Greencastle, Indiana, and a daughter of William L. 
and Adelaid (Chittenden) Foster. Mrs. Barnhart was educated in her 
native town, famed far and near as an educational center, and had for 
one of her professors the historian Ridpath. She was for some time 
previous to her marriage a teacher. They ha\-e three sons and two 
daughters, namely: Edgar Geoffrey, Kathryn Elois, Charles Bryan, 
Chandler Foster, and Marguerite. 

Mr. Barnhart is, fraternally, identified with the Knights of Pythias 
and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. Politicallv he is a Demo- 
crat, active and enthusiastic in party affairs. He has served his ward 
in Auburn as a member of the common council. In 1897 he was in the 
legislature as second assistant clerk of the house of representatives. At 
this writing he is secretary and treasurer of the Nebraska Democratic 
Editorial Association, with office at Auburn. Mr. and Mrs. Barnhart in 
their religious faith are Episcopalians. 



ABNER R LOOFBOURROW. 

Abner R. Loofbourrow, a retired farmer who has resided in or near 
the city of Peru for the past thirty years, and has lived in Nebraska 
since 1869, is well known and thoroughly esteemed and respected 
throughout Nemaha county and has had a career of unusual interest. 
While he is now seventy-fi\e }ears old, he still retains his powers of mind 
and body and is able to enjoy the comforts which his past labors have 
given him. As a citizen he has performed all the duties which have fallen 



i 



132 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

to his lot, as a toiler in the world for his individual gain he has been 
successful, and as the father of a family he has placed his children well 
equipped on the road of life and won their undying love and respect as 
a father and kind friend. 

Mr. Loofbourrow was horn in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, Jan- 
uary 2, 1829. His grandfather, David Loofbourrow, was born in Scot- 
land in 1755, and after coming to America was a soldier in the ranks of 
the patriot army, afterward drawing a pension for the part he had ren- 
dered as a soldier of the country. He was an old-school physician and 
also a Baptist minister, and though he lived a life of usefulness to his 
fellow men he was not a money-getter. He died at the age of ninety- 
three years, and his last resting place is in Jefiferson county, Ohio. He 
was twice married. By his first wife. Amy Gaskell, he had three sons 
and two daughters. His second wife, the grandmother of Mr. Loof- 
bourrow, was Catherine Rittei. house, a nati\-e of New York or of New 
England. 

David Loofbourrow, the father of Abner Loofbourrow, was born 
in Pennsylvania, January 4, 1799, and died in Van Buren county, Iowa, 
in June, 1877. He and his wife were members of the Baptist church. 
He was married about 1819 to Miss Jane Shanks, who was born in Fay- 
ette county, Pennsylvania, in 1800, and died in 1S81. They had eleven 
children, eight of whom came to adult age: Malinda, the wife of Joseph 
Day, died in Jefferson county, Ohio, in 1870 at the age of forty-seven, 
leaving two sons and three daughters. Louisa died at the age of twenty- 
two, unmarried. \\^illiam, who died in Fairfield, Iowa, in 1853, was a 
teacher, and in the year of his death he and his wife had come from 
Ohio to Council Bluffs, Iowa. Abner R. is the next of the children. 
David, a farmer died in Humboldt county, Kansas, at the age of fifty- 
six, leaving seven sons. John, a farmer and teacher, died in Harrison 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 133 

county, Ohio, in 1871, and lefl two sons. Wade is a farmer in Wayne 
county, Iowa, and lias eiglit children. James now a farmer in Van 
Buren county. Iowa, was a sokher in the Civil war, and on one battlefield 
was left for dead and \\'as supposed for six months to be dead ; he lost an 
eye in the service and has been totally blind for years, but is \-ery active, 
cheerful and performs his farm duties with wonderful ability; he is a 
great "favorite at the soldiers" reunions, and recently attended one in 
Ohio : he has five sons and one daugliter, all grown. 

Abner R. Loofbourrow had a limited schooling in the district schools 
up to the age of sixteen years, and while his elder brother William was 
awa}' at college he was required for the work at home. He remained 
at home until he was past his twenty-second year, and after his marriage 
lived with his wife's family until 1854. In that year he came west to 
Jasper county, Iowa, and bought a quarter section of new prairie land, 
where he made his home and engaged in the improvement of his land 
until 1869. He then sold his place for five thousand dollars, at a hand- 
some profit over his original investment. In the fall of 1869 he came 
to Richardson county, Nebraska, and with four thousand dollars of his 
cash capital bought a farm of two hundred and forty-four acres, with 
fair improvements. He came to Peru on the first of January, 1873, 'I'l^' 
bought a farm of eighty acres near by. This he soon sold at a profit, 
and bought a farm of fifty-five acres adjoining the town of Peru. He 
also disposed of this place at an advantage, and his present property con- 
sists of seven acres within the city limits. He has three houses, two 
of which he had built, and bought the other, the newest one renting for 
two hundred dollars a year. Before the death of his wife they kept 
boarders, and he now takes roomers from the normal students. 

June 19, 185 1, Mr. Loofbourrow was married to Miss Mary Jane 
Carr, who was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, in November, 1834. Her 



134 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

fatlier, William Carr, married a Miss Bechtell, and they were farmers 
in good circumstances in Ohio, where they died past middle life, leaving 
Mrs. Loofbourrow as their only daughter. Mr. and Mrs. Loofbourrow 
had si.x children : William, who is a college-bred man and a minister 
of the iNIethodist Episcopal church, is located at Atwood, Kansas, and 
has been married twice, having seven living children, three sons and 
four daughters; Wade, born in Iowa in 1856, died in Red Willow 
county, Nebraska, in July, 1891, leaving a wife; Mary, the wife of Mr. 
N. E. Wagner, a shoemaker and dealer in Eureka, California, has four 
sons and two daughters ; Rose, who graduated from the Peru normal 
at the age of nineteen and taught school for ten or twelve years, is now 
the wife of Mr. A. D. Brown, a machinist in the mills of Eureka, Cali- 
fornia, and they have two children; Lillian, the wife of INIarion Newton, 
having been a teacher before her marriage, died at the age of thirty years ; 
Thaddeus Lincoln, who graduated from Rush Medical College in Chi- 
cago and was one of the thirty out of a class of two hundred to carry 
off honors, is now practicing medicine in Eureka. California, and has 
four daughters. 

The mother of this family died in Peru, June 2. 1889. On Janu- 
ary 7, 1892, ]Mr. Loofbourrow was married to Mrs. ^Millie Carl, the 
widow of James Carl. Her maiden name was Thompkins, and she was 
born in Galesburg, Illinois. She was a teacher, and a noble and true 
Christian woman. She died January 16, 1903, at the age of sixty years. 
She was an active worker in the Alethodist Episcopal church, although 
reared in the Congregational faith. She was of a most intellectual and 
high-minded family, and one of her brothers is a Congregational minister 
in Chicago and another is a physician. ]Mr. Loofbourrow voted the 
Republican ticket until about ten years ago, since which time he has sup- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 135 

ported the Prohibition cause. He lias been connected witli botli the 
Baptist and the Methodist churches, and has held official relations in both. 



BENJAMIN T. SKEEN. 

Benjamin T. Skeen, who is one of tlie thoroughly practical farmers 
and stockmen of Nemaha county, residing in London precinct, Brown- 
ville postoffice, has lived in this part of southeastern Nebraska practically 
all his life, since the year 1855, when the country was one unbroken 
stretch of prairie and woodland, uncultivated, unimproved, the haunt of 
the Indian antl the wild animals which had roamed it for all the pre- 
ceding centuries. Coming at such a period, he has naturally been a wit- 
ness to all the development and progress which have transformed the 
land into waving grain fields, beautiful homesteads and prosperous towns 
and \'illages, and he has taken his due share in this work of advance- 
ment. 

]Mr. Skeen belongs to one of the old families of the country, varioits 
members of which have taken part in all the principal wars of the republic. 
He is of Scotch-Irish origin. Alexander Skeen, great-grandfather of 
Mr. Skeen, was a .patriot of the Revolution, and died in a prison pen 
with his oldest son. His wife Sarah then left her home in South Caro- 
lina with her only son, Jesse, and came to Tennessee. Jesse Skeen was 
born in South Carolina, No\ember 20, 1764, and was a Tennessee 
planter. He married Keziah, a daughter of Robert Tailor, and born 
April II, 1777. They reared all their ten children, three sons and seven 
daughters. Kenyon Skeen, the oldest of the sons, was a farmer of Ken- 
tucky, where he lived and died, leaving five children; Alexander D. 
Skeen, born November 18, 181 t, was an earlv settler to Nemaha countv, 



136 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

his further history being detailed with that of T. B. Skeen in another 
part of this work. 

John G. Skeen, the other son, was born in Tennessee, September 3, 
1818, and died in Nemaha county, January 28, 1899. He married Miss 
MeHnda Dinning, wlio was born in Tennessee, January 16, 181 5, and is 
now hving in Wabaunsee county, Kansas, bright in mind and body for 
all her eighty-eight years. Her father was a school teacher and a Mis- 
sissippi tlatboatman, born in May, 1794, and died April 28, 1829, and his 
wife was Lavina Beason, born in 1794 and died in 1875, and they reared 
four children. Melinda was the only daughter, and she was married to 
John G. Skeen, December 12, 1843, '^Y whom she had seven children: 
Andrew J., born October 2y, 1844, is a farmer and stock rancher in 
Wabaunsee county, Kansas, where his mother lives, and has eight sons 
and one daughter; Melvina E., born October 29, 1847, the wife of James 
Maddox, died in Nebraska, July 8, 1890, leaving two sons and one 
daughter; Alexander, born April 28, 1850, died when eight months old; 
Benjamin T. is the next in order of birth ; Kenyon P., born June 6, 1853, 
died May 2z„ 1857; John W., born June 29, 1855, died May 7, 1857; 
Melinda J., born August 22, 1858, the only one born in Nebraska, is the 
wife of C. W. Roberts, in this county, and has two sons and two 
daughters. John G. Skeen's first wife was Betsey Herald: who died 
leaving one child, Mary K., born January 22, 1842. She married E. 
Harwood, by whom she had a son, John W. Harwood, and she then 
married James Thrush, by whom she had a daughter, who is now a Mrs. 
Beattie, in Logansport, Indiana; ]\Irs. Thrush died October 6, 1878. 
Grandmother Dinning left four Bibles, the oldest of which was printed 
in 1617, and is now owned by her grandson, H. D. Dinning, in Ten- 
nessee, who prizes this heirloom both for its own value and for the cher- 
ished memorv of its former owner. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 137 

John G. Skeen brouglit his family to Nemaha county on November 
I, 1855, coming in true emigrant fashion, with a two-horse covered 
wagon and a spring wagon which his wife drove. He had inlierited some 
means, and pre-empted one hunch'ed and sixty acres of land in section 
33, London precinct, his entry being the sixth on tlie book at the land 
office in Omaha. He was accompained by Bill Hayes and Bob Herron as 
far as Omaha. Hayes is now living in Atchison county, Missouri, in 
his ninety-ninth year, and attended the last old settlers' picnic in 1903, 
being still bright for the patriarch of the assemblage. 

Benjamin T. Skeen was born in middle Tennessee, September 23, 
1851, so that he was a boy of four years when he came to this state. He 
was reared to farm life and labor from the age of nine, and the schooling 
which he recei\-ed in the district was meager. He has worked hard for 
all he got, and his prosperity has been won by steady progression. He 
now owns two huinlred and forty and one-half acres in his farm, and 
does not owe any man a cent. He feeds and markets one or two car- 
loads of cattle each year, besides a hundred and fifty Poland China hogs. 
He keeps ten or fifteen head of first-class horses and mules. He puts 
in about a hundred and twenty acres of corn and cuts from thirty to 
eighty tons of hay annually. His first purchase of land here was ninety- 
two acres for a thousand dollars, and he afterward bought ninety for 
two thousand, ten acres of which he sold at forty dollars an acre, and in 
1 89 1 bought sixty-seven and a half for eighteen hundred dollars. One 
hundred acres of this lies on the first bottom along the Nemaha river, 
forty acres on the second bottom, and eighty acres on the highlands 
back of his house and barns. He is a diligent worker in every depart- 
ment of his industry, and his practical farming has brought to him its 
just reward. 

Mr. Skeen was married, January 15, 1873, to Miss Hester Y. Blount, 



138 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

who was born in Nicholas county, Kentucky, May 30, 1855. a daughter 
of WilHam H. and Sarah (Fuller) Blount, farmers of Kentucky. Wil- 
liam Blount, who had served in tlie Mexican war, came to Nebraska 
in 1868, and died here May 16, 1875, leaving his widow and four chil- 
dren, as follows: Hester V., now Mrs. Skeen : William K. Breckin- 
ridge Blount, born in 1858, who is a farmer in this precinct and -has 
four children ; Anna, wife of O. P. Dovel, in Auburn, and Nancy Marinda 
Tilton, wife of W. E. Robertson, at Cook, Nebraska. The mother of 
these children lives in Auburn. 

Six children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Skeen : Lottie, the 
wife of E. S. Stiers, a farmer in Nemaha precinct, and has two sons and 
one daughter ; Lillie K. died at the age of twelve months ; Herman died 
when ten months old ; Ninon was educated in Peru and is at home with 
her parents; Carl is at home; and Helen, aged fifteen, is in the district 
school. Mr. Skeen is a Master Mason of Hope Lodge No. 29, and he 
and his wife and daughter affiliate with the Eastern Star lodge. He is 
a Populist in politics, ha\ing come o\-er from the Democratic ranks, 
where all his ancestors were. He has ser\-ed as school director for sev- 
eral years, and in both public and d(imestic relations has won the esteem 
of his many friends and associates, hi the early days here his father's 
house was used as a place of worship, the elder Skeen taking an active 
part in church work. 



GUILFORD LILLY. 

Among the retired farmers who are living quietly in the pleasant 
town of Auburn, Nebraska, is found the subject if this sketch, Guilford 
Lilly. 

Mr. Lilly is a New Yorker by nativity, but for nearly half a cen- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 139 

tury has been a resident of Nebraska. He was I^nrn in Old Deerfield, 
Oneida connty, New York, October 3, 18^9, a son of New England 
parents. Shnbael Lilly, his father, was born near Lebanon, Connecticut, 
in 1798. and died in Dodge county, Wisconsin, at the age of fifty-six 
years. He and his wife were the parents of nine children, the family 
record being as follows: Harriet, who died in Bea\erdam, Wisconsin, 
in 1901. at the age of seventy-nine years, was twice married, and had 
one child by her first husband, Mr. Clawson, and one by her second hus- 
band, ]\Ir. Rising; the next three children, Sarah Ann, Fidelia and Ada- 
line, died of an epidemic, within three weeks of each other, when they 
were quite small; Elizabeth, wife of Maxson Crandall, a farmer of 
A^alley county, Nebraska, has a large family ; Guilford was the sixth in 
order of birth; Parker died at the age of ten years; Julia, wife of S. C. 
Saunders, of Milton, Wisconsin, has a family of three children; and 
George H., a farmer and teacher of vocal music, died in Albion, Wis- 
consin, in 1902, leaving one son and one daughter. The mother of this 
family died in Harts\-ille, Steuben county. New York. 

Guilford Lilly was reared to farm life in New York state, spending 
his first five years in his native county and the next fifteen years in 
Steuben county. In 1850 he landed in Dodge county, Wisconsin, where 
he farmed rented land until 1859. That year he came to Nemaha county, 
Nebraska. The trip from Madison, Wisconsin, to his place was made 
in a "prairie schooner" with two yoke of cattle, Mr. Lilly being one of 
a party of fi\e, and they were from April ist to May 20th in making the 
journey. After his arrival here, Mr. Lilly traded his interests in the 
outfit for a yoke of oxen, and with the six hundred dollars he had saved 
and brought with him he bought ninety acres of wild prairie land, pay- 
ing one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre for eighty acres, and one 
hundred dollars for ten acres of timber land, this purchase being in Bed- 



I40 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ford precinct. This land he sold in 1865, at a profit, and bought another 
farm, which he operated for a number of years and whicli he still o\vns. 

During the Civil war period Mr. Lilly donned the blue and fought 
for the preservation of the Union. He enlisted in the fall of 1S62. as 
a member of Company C, Second Nebraska Cavalry, and shared the 
fortunes of that command for nearly a year, their duty being in Nebraska, 
to watch the Indians on the west and the Bushwhackers on the east. 

Mr. Lilly was married, February 24, 1861, in Dodge county, Wis- 
consin, to Miss Elizabeth Johnson, a native of Vermont. Mrs. Lilly was 
born September 29, 1842, daughter of O. B. and Helen Ann (\\'ood) 
Johnson, and granddaughter of Captain Nathan Wood. O. B. Johnson 
and wife were the parents of five sons and two daughters, of whom three 
are living, viz.: Mrs. Lilly; Julia, wife of George C. Bryaut. of River- 
side California, is the mother of four children; and Henry P. Johnson, 
of Illinois. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lilly have and only child, Encie, wife of E. P. Thomas; 
and the grandchildren now number five — Ethel, Elfie, Edna, Erica, and 
Edith, — an interesting little group. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas also have a 
son and a daughter deceased. 

In 1893 Mr. Lilly retired from the active duties of farm life and 
moved to Auburn. His pleasant home in Maxwell street he has owned 
and occupied since 1897. For fifteen years Mr. Lilly was a school direc- 
tor. He is, politically, a Republican and, fraternally, a ]\Iason. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 141 

WILLIAM M. KAUFFMAN. 

Numbered among the leading business men of Brownville is William 
M. Kauffman, the \vell known merchant, and since 1868 he has made his 
home in this county. He came here from Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, the place of his nativity, his birth occurring there on the 2d of 
February, 1S48, and the family is of Swiss origin. His father, John j\I. 
Kauffman, also claimed Lancaster county as the place of his nativity, 
where he was born in 1818, and he was a son of John Kauffman, who 
was born in either Pennsylvania or Maryland, and his death occurred 
in the former state in 1866. The latter married a Miss Mets, also of 
Pennsylvania, and they reared five sons and three daughters One son, 
Aaron, was numbered among the goldseekers to California in 1849, when 
twenty-three years of age, and fills and unknown grave. Another son, 
Cyrus Kauffman, came from Ohio to Brownville in 1867. and is now 
engaged in the nursery business. Christian Kauffman died in Pennsyl- 
vania in 1874, leaving a family, and Andrew, also deceased, made his 
home in Tippecanoe City, Ohio. 

John M. Kauffman, the father of our subject, was a merchant tailor 
in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, and was a member of the state 
militia. After attaining his majority he married Martha Miller, who 
was born in that county in 1818, and was a daughter of George Miller. 
Five sons blessed their marriage, namely : Franklin, who died in early 
childhood; Hiram, who died at the age of nine years; William M. ; Jere- 
miah, a merchant of Baltimore; and Winfield Scott, a merchant of Balti- 
more, Maryland. The mother still resides at the old homestead, and has 
reached the age of eight-five years. 

William W. Kauffman attended the public schools of his neighbor- 
hood until seventeen years of age, and for three years thereafter was 
employed as a clerk in a store at Manheim, Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 



142 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

vania. Coming thence to Brownville, Nemaha county. Nebraska, he 
entered the store of W. T. Den, where he remained as a salesman for 
three years, and from that time until 1887 was employed in the store 
of \Y. W. Hackney. In that year Mr. Kauffman purchased his em- 
ployer's interest, and has since been alone in business, enjoying a large 
and lucrative patronage. In .'Xpril, 1903, his store was destroyed by 
fire and he sustained a heavy loss, but he immediately rebuilt, and he 
now occupies a leading place in the ranks of the representative business 
men of the city. 

The marriage of Mr. Kauffman was celebrated in May, 1881, when 
Miss Teresa McLaughlin became his wife. She is a native of Iowa and 
a daughter of Timothy and Mary (Wogan) McLaughlin, both born in 
the Emerald Isle. After coming to this country they went first to Con- 
necticut, thence to Iowa, and about 1856 located in Omaha, Nebraska. 
The father was a stonemason by trade, and he survived his wife four 
years, the latter passing away at the age of sixty years. Two sons have 
been born to brighten and bless the home of Mr and Mrs. Kauffman. — 
^^'illiam, who is connected with his father's store, and John M., a clerk 
in the Union National Bank. Both are graduates of the Brownville 
high school and for two terms were also students in the Peru normal, 
while the elder, William, received a business course in Omaha. Mr. 
Kauffman is prominent in Masonic circles, being a member of the ]\I)-stic 
.Shrine, and his political affiliations are with the Democracy. For thir- 
teen consecutive years he served as the treasurer of Brownville, and for 
thirteen years was treasurer of the school board. Mrs. Kauffman is a 
member of the Catholic church. For ten years they have resided in their 
pleasant residence in Brownville, and there they delight to extend a 
gracious hospitality to their many friends and acciuaintances. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 143 

CHARLES AUGUST WEY. 

Charles Aug-ust Wey, who was engaged in the butchering business 
in Peru for twenty years and is now retired, is an old settler of this 
town, where lie first took up his residence on July 17, 1869. He is now 
in prosperous circumstances and happy and contented with what he has 
gained in the world, but about thirty-six years ago, when he came up 
the Missouri river from St. Joseph, he had only five cents with which 
to pay in part his passage across the river by ferry boat. Such con- 
trasts in material circumstances are not the result of good fortune or 
chance, and in this particular instance unflagging industry and a pertina- 
cious grip on the business in hand have steadily wrought increasing suc- 
cess for Mr. W'ey. He is a man of true worth and integrity and relia- 
bility, and deserves and retains the esteem of all his friends and asso- 
ciates. 

Mr. Wey was born in Saxony. Germany, in 1837. His father, 
Frederick Martin ^^'ey, was born in Saxony, March 9, 1804, and died 
in Germany in i860, leaving his second wife and seven children, five by 
his first wife and two by the second. His first wife was Kathrina Doll, 
who died at the age of thirty-six, leaving five of her nine children, 
namely: Elias Wey, is a farmer in Germany, aged seventy-six years; 
Mary Elizabeth came to America in 1847, heing six months on the pas- 
sage, and died soon afterward in Huntington, Indiana, at the age of 
eighteen years; Frederick came at the same time with his sister; Andrew, 
who came to America in the early fifties, is now the owner of a confec- 
tionery store in Peru, Indiana, of which town he was trustee for twenty- 
five years, and he has five children. 

Charles August Wey. who was the youngest of the children left 
by his mother, enjoyed a fine schooling in Germany, and was reared 
to his father's business of butchering and beer brewing. He served a 



144 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

year and a half in the German army. He came to America in 1867 and 
landed at New York ^lay 20th, having six hnndred dollars in 
gold at the time of his arri\-al. He came to Peru, Indiana, and butchered 
there for two months, and then \vent to St. Louis, ]\Iissouri, where his 
half-brother George, who had graduated from a German school, was 
engaged in teaching the German language in one of the schools, and he 
is still living in St. Louis, being a bookkeeper, and has a family. Air. 
Wey remained with his half-brother two days, and then embarked on a 
boat for St. Joseph, Missouri, where his brother Fred was in business. 
He ramained there from June, 1867, to March 9, 1868, and then came to 
Brownville, Nebraska. He had lost his six hundred dollars, and had 
just five cents to pay the ferryman at Brownville. He remained in the 
latter place about three weeks, being unsuccessful in his efforts to gain 
steady employment, and from there went to Nebraska City, where he 
found employment at his trade at a salary of thirty-five dollars a month 
and board. After leaving there he came to Peru and opened the first 
meat market in this town. He was in trade for twenty years, during 
which time se\eral competitors started rival establishments but all failed. 
]\Ir. W'ey now owns his nice home and two and a half town lots, besides 
a forty-acre timber and fruit farm in the precinct. He still does some 
butchering for the old settlers and their children. He has made all that 
he has by his unaided efforts, and well deserves his prosperity and easy 
retirement from the hard labor that characterized his early life. 

.\ugust 15, 1884, Mr. Wey was married to Miss Mary Margaret Wis- 
sig, who was born in Germany, March 16, 1862. She came to America in 
1880, with a sister, locating in Ottawa, Illinois, where she worked as serv- 
ant for wages of a dollar and a half to two dollars a week for three 
years. In November, 1883, she and her sister came to Peru, and here 
she and Mr. W'ev met and were married. She has been a most excellent 




ANDREW H. GILMORE 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 145 

wife and motlier, and is an estimable woman in every sphere of lier 
influence. ]\Ir. and Airs, ^^'ey Ijecame the parents of nine children, but 
lost three in infancy, tlie others being as follows : Anna Catherine is a 
young lady of eighteen years, at Iiome and through school ; Julius Andrew 
works on his father's farm ; Charles August is also employed ; Mary 
Eliza and Frieda Louise, aged respectively thirteen and twelve, are bright 
young girls in school : and Frederick, a boy of ten, completes the family. 
Mr. and Mrs. \\'ey are Lutherans, and he has always voted the Republi- 
can ticket. 

ANDREW H. GILMORE. 

Andrew H. Gilmore, a merchant of Auburn, Nebraska, is one of the 
pioneers of this state. He passed through this section of the country 
first in 1850, while en route to California, and when he next came it was 
in February, 1869, as a permanent settler. 

Mr. Gilmore belongs to a large family whose original ancestors in 
this country were Scotch-Irish Presbyterians who came here and made 
settlement on the banks of the James river in Virginia in colonial days. 
For the most part they have been farmers. Thomas Gilmore and 
William Gilmore, the father and grandfather of Andrew H., were born 
in Rockbridge county, Virginia, the former November 20, 1792, and 
the latter in 1760. William Gilmore served in the Revolutionary war. 
He married Martha Lackey, a native of Pennsylvania, born in 1761, and 
both lived to ripe old age, his death occurring September 16, 1836, and 
hers February 15, 1843. They reared a large family, whose names are 
as follows: Agnes, born I\Iay 9, 1784, died August 24, 1812; Robert, 
born April 9, 1786, died February 25, 1839; Martha Davidson, born 
March 6, 1788, died in June, 1856; James, born January 25, 1790; 



146 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Thomas; Eli, born February 5, 1795, died April 4, 1857; William, 
born April 2, 1797, died February i, 1837; Sabina, born June 13, 1799; 
Samuel, born September 13, 1801, died September 12, 1836; Nancy 
Paxton, who died February 28, 1852. 

Thomas Gilmore served in the war of 181 2. He married May 29, 
181 5, Miss Margaret Leech, who was born in Rockbridge county, Vir- 
ginia, in 1795, daughter of John Leech, a Virginia farmer. Grandfather 
Gihnore moved to I'reble county, Ohio, from Virginia in 1824, some 
of his sons accompanying him. He took along a few slaves that he 
emancipated after they reached Ohio. Previous to this, in 181 7, Thomas 
Gilmore and his wife moved to Kentucky and settled on lands that grand- 
father Leech had traded his Virginia farm for. The Kentucky land, 
however, proved poor, and about 1824 Thomas Gilmore and his family 
left it and went up into Ohi.o, joining the other emigrants there. He 
emigrated to Putnam county, Indiana, in 1836. He and his wife were 
the parents of twelve children,i of whom one died in infancy and another, 
Martha, at the age of eleven years, in Ohio. Nine sons and one 
daughter reached adult age, as follows : William D. Gilmore, born in 
Virginia, May 26, 1816, went south in early life, and died shortly after 
the close of the Civil war, leaving no children. Thomas L. Gilmore, 
born in Kentucky, February 16, 1818, died in Putnam county, Indiana, 
at the age of thirty-six years, leaving sons and daughters: James Mad- 
ison Gilmore, born in Kentucky, September 29, 1819, died in that state 
in 1852, having lost wife and children by death; John Gilmore, born in 
Kentucky, January 3, 1823, is now living retired at Greencastle, Indiana, 
which place has been his home for sixty-seven years, and where he once 
filled the office of county treasurer and served in other official capacities; 
Mary, wife of Thomas Leech, was born in Ohio, August 8, 1825, was 
the mother of six children, five of whom are deceased; Samuel B. Gil- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



147 



more, born January 22, 1827, is now a retired resident of East St. Louis, 
Illinois, all of his family having died except one son and one daughter; 
Andrew H. Gilmore, was born in Preble county, Ohio, near Eaton, 
January 8, 1829; Nathan Gilmore, born December 26, 1830, went to 
California at an early day, where he became well known and was hon- 
ored with a seat in the state legislature. He died at Placerville, Cali- 
fornia, in 1898, leaving his estate to his two daughters; Robert Harvey 
Gilmore, born in 1833, died of consumption, in 1856, in Indiana, where 
he was attending college; Sylvester F. Gilmore, born August 17, 1837, 
has long been a resident of Effingham, Illinois, where he has filled the 
office of judge. He has been twice married and has four children. 
Margaret (Leech) Gilmore, the mother of the above named family, died 
January 24, 1866, in Indiana, at the age of seventy-two years; and the 
father, Thomas Gilmore, survi\-ed her until January 9, 1880, when his 
death occurred at Effingham, Illinois. 

Having thus briefly referred to liis ancestry, we turn now to the life 
of Andrew H. Gilmore, the immediate subject of this review. As 
already stated, he was born in Preble county, Ohio. He was educated 
in one of the primitive log schoolhouses of Putnam county, Indiana. 
At the age of twenty-one years he taught his first of two terms of 
school; the other term he taught after his return from California. In 
1850 Mr. Gilmore made the "trip of his life." In the spring of that 
year he was one of seven young men who set out for California, his 
brother Nathan being of the number. A detailed description of the 
experiences of these young men as they traveled across the country, with 
two ox teams drawn by seven yoke of cattle, over rivers, plains and 
mountains ; of the other parties that joined them in their travel ; of their 
encounter with the Indians, and the many interesting incidents con- 
nected with the journey, would make a large volume. Suffice it to say 



148 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

that they arrived after weary months of travel at PlacerviUe, or 
"Hangtown," as it was then called, in California, on September loth. 
Mr. Gilmore was a gold miner for about three years in the vicinity of 
the PlacerviUe diggings. In December, 1853, he went to San Francisco, 
took a steamer for home, which passed down the western coast and 
crossed to the eastern waters Ijy the way of Lake Nicaragua, thence to 
New York and by cars to his place in Indiana. 

Some time after his return from the far west, JNIr. Gilmore was 
located at Greencastle, from which place he came to Nebraska in 1869, 
settling first in Brownville, at that time the county seat of Nemaha county, 
and from there coming to Auburn, in 1882. He was the founder and 
proprietor of three additions to the town of Auburn, has built three 
stores and seven residences, including his own home in the Gilmore 
Addition. This latter he has recently sold and expects soon to erect a 
handsomer home. In 1903 he, with two others, built a large brick block, 
one hundred and ten feet by seventy-five feet, which is now occupied by 
a department store under the firm name of "Gilmore, Annstrong & 
Company. Under the firm name of A. H. Gilmore & Sons he was for 
a number of years engaged in merchandising. 

Politically, Mr. Gilmore has always given his support to the Repub- 
lican party and at its hands has been the recipient of official honors. 
He served eight years as county treasurer of Nemaha county and has 
been a member of the town council of Brownville and school board of 
Brownville and of Auburn. 

June 12, 1862, he married, in Atlanta, Illinois, Miss Josephine 
Allen. She is a daughter of David Allen, a soldier in the Mexican war, 
who died at Buena Vista, Mexico, in 1846, in the prime of life, leaving 
his widow and two daughters. Mrs. Allen was by maiden name Osea 
Ann Dunham. Some time after the death of Mr. Allen she became the 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 149 

wife of A. W. Morgan, a well known citizen of Indiana, by whom she 
had two daughters. Mr. and Mrs. Gihnore have had eight children, 
three of whom died in infancy, those living being as follows: Albert D., 
steward at the Insane Hospital at Lincoln, Nebraska, has a wife and 
one son; Walter, married and in business with his father; Paul A., also 
in partnership with his father, is married and has two sons ; Eugene A., 
professor of law in the State University of Wisconsin, has a wife and 
one son; and Grace Allen Gilmore, student at the State University of 
Wisconsin. 

Fraternally Mr. Gilmore has long been identified with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and his religious faith is that of the 
Presbyterian church, of which he and liis family are worthy members 
and in which for half a century he has been an elder. 



CAPTAIN ABSALOM M. ENOCH. 

Absalom M. Enoch is one of the best known characters of Hum- 
boldt, Richardson county, \\here he has made his residence since Thanks- 
giving day, 1869. He is one of the many old men in whom the health- 
ful, breezy prairies of Nebraska abounds, and whose energies and vital 
resources are almost unimpaired till the final summons comes. He is 
approaching the eightieth year of his life, and his active decades of life 
have been well spent and useful to himself and his fellow men. He is 
an especial favorite with everyone in Humbodlt, and there is not a man, 
woman or child in the town who does not know him and will not sin- 
cerely miss him when he is gone from their number. 

Mr. Enoch was born in Miami county, Ohio. September 18, 1825. 
His father, Jacob Enoch, was born in Pennsylvania, and pioneered it to 



ISO ■ SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Ohio and settled in the dense timber. He followed the occupation of 
hunter and trapper, with incidental Indian fighting. He was in the 
Black Hawk war in Illinois, and after returning to Ohio said that God 
had cleared the timber from that country and he accordingly moved out 
to the prairie state. He came out in 1835, and settled eight miles east 
of Rockford and six miles north of Belvidere, where he pre-empted and 
paid one dollar and a quarter an acre for one hundred and sixty acres. 
He continued farming until 1850, when he crossed the plains with ox 
teams to California, being some six months on the way, and died in that 
state in the following year, being buried in Hangtown, now Placerville. 
He married Mary Maddox, a cousin of the late well known Wilson Mad- 
dox, of Falls City. She was a native of Ohio, and they were married in 
1824, their first child being Absalom; the second was Sarah, who died in 
youth in Ohio ; Mary Jane became the wife of Dennis Clark, of Overton, 
Nebraska, who came to this state in an early day, and they have three 
sons and one daughter living. 

Captain Enoch was reared in Ohio and Illinois, and for a time 
farmed the home place in Boone county of the latter state, and then 
sold it and bought another farm near Belvidere. He sold this in 1859 
and went to Rochester, Minnesota, which was his home until he came 
to Nebraska. He has made a most creditable military record. He en- 
listed for the Civil war and was made captain in Company F, Ninth 
Minnesota Infantry, having raised that company, and he commanded it 
throughout the war. Part of his service was against the Sioux Indians, 
and he witnessed the hanging of thirty-nine of them convicted of mur- 
der. He was wounded during the Indian outbreak, and still carries a 
bullet in his right lung. He also saw hard fighting in the south, being 
present at the engagements at Guntown and Tupello, Mississippi, at the 
siege of Nashville, and in various minor skirmishes. He was in the 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASK^A. 151 

Sixteenth Army Corps, which remained behind when Sherman made 
his march toward the sea. Captain Enoch's subsequent career has been 
mainly concerned with farming and hotel-keeping, and for twenty 
years he was proprietor of the Enoch House in Humboldt, but is now 
retired from active pursuits and spending the evening of a long and 
useful life in comfort and ease. 

Captain Enoch was married in Boone county, Illinois, January i, 
1850, to Miss Elizabeth Caulfield, a native of Ireland. She was born 
in 1826, and died in the home at Humbodlt, in 1888, being without issue. 
Captain Enoch's present wife, whom he married in Falls City, was Miss 
Anna Brickey, who was born in Sullivan county, Indiana, a daughter 
of Peter and Mary (Brock) Brickey. Her father was a farmer and died 
in York, Illinois, in 1878, leaving three children: Thomas, whose where- 
abouts are not known; Mrs. Enoch; and Cora Brickey, of Kansas City. 
The mother of these children died in 1880. ]\Irs. Enoch had only a 
limited education, and has had mainl)' to make her own way in life, 
which she has done most heroically and ably, and her youthful years 
and energy do not allow her to remain inactive now that she is inde- 
pendent. She is a most competent dressmaker, and is one of the leading 
ladies in that line of business in Humboldt. She is a member of the 
Catholic church, and is prominent in social circles. Captain Enoch is 
a Democrat in politics. He served as police judge of this place for many 
years, until he refused to serve longer. He has also been a justice of 
the peace, and for several terms was on the city council and chairman of 
the board. He was baptized in the Universalist church. He is still 
erect and sprightly in spite of his years and work in his own behalf and 
in the service of his country. 



152 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

THOMAS J. STOCKMAN. 

Thomas J. Stockman, who, with his son Samuel, owns and conducts 
the Adams Hvery and sales stables and is land agent at Adams, Nebraska, 
has lived in this part of southeastern Nebraska for o\-er fifteen years. He 
has displayed executive ability and good management in his business 
affairs, and as a man and citizen is held in high esteem by friends and 
associates. He became acquainted, mainly in his capacity as a soldier 
of the government during the Civil war, with the territory of Nebraska 
as it was forty years ago, so that lie may be considered among the ranks 
of the old settlers. 

I\Ir. Stockman was born near Goshen, Elkhart county, Indiana, 
April 28, 1838. His father, Samuel Stockman, was one of the first 
settlers of Elkhart county, having come from Bedford county, Pennsyl- 
vania, of a family of German stock. His wife was a Miss Johnson, a 
native of Ohio, and they were parents of four sons and four daughters. 
Two daughters and one son live in Wisconsin, and another son is in 
Adams, Nebraska, besides Thomas. Three sons were in the Civil war: 
T. J. : George, who was first lieutenant in the Seventy-fourth Indiana, 
and died in 1891 ; and John, of tlie Eorty-eighth Indiana Infantry. 

Thomas J. Stockman was reared and educated in Indiana, and in 
boyhood moved to a farm near Warsaw, Kosciusko county, Indiana. At 
the age of twenty-one he came west to the territory of Nebraska, and in 
1863 enlisted at Omaha in Company A, First Battalion of Nebraska 
Cavalry, under Captain George Armstrong. He was stationed on the 
frontier guarding the government trains and settlers from hostile Indians, 
and the troops did excellent service in suppressing the depredations. He 
was at Eort Kearney and Plum Creek much of the time. While arrest- 
ing parties at Camp Douglas he was struck by a gun, breaking his collar 
bone and otherwise being injured so that he was crippled for two years. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 153 

He was honorably discliarged at Omaha, and then returned east. He 
was in Indiana until 1877, when he went to Wisconsin, and for the fol- 
lowing ten years was engaged in farming in Dunn and Barron counties. 
He came to Gage county, Nebraska, in 1887, ^"^1 later bought the livery 
business wdiich he and his son are now^ carrying on so successfully. They 
have a good barn, good facilities, and their patronage is large. IMr. 
Stockman is also agent for \\'isconsin lands in Dunn, Barron, Polk and 
Chippewa counties, and has some fine agricultural lands there, which are 
destined to reach a high value when developed and improved. He is 
an excellent authority on real estate in those counties because of his long 
residence there. Mr. Stockman is in every way a first-class business 
man, and Iiis reliability and integrity have never been questioned. 

In 1859 Mr. Stockman was married at ^^'arsaw, Indiana, to ]\Iary 
Jane IMcKibben, who was reared and educated in Indiana and was a 
daughter of Samuel IMcKibben, of Warsaw. Seven children were born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Stockman : Parthena Burton, of Cameron, \\'isconsin ; 
Tillie Cook, of Cumberland, Wisconsin: Alice Evans, of Adams, Ne- 
braska; Samuel, the partner of his father in the livery business; E. L., 
in the barber business at Adams; Frank; and Retta, who died in Wis- 
consin at the age of sixteen. Mrs. Stockman, who was a member of the 
Methodist church and a beautiful character and devoted wife and mother, 
died in July, 1896. 

DANIEL CONFER. 

Daniel Confer, a well known farmer and popular citizen of Adams 
township. Gage county, Nebraska, has resided here since 1884. He is a 
frank and genial gentleman, successful in business, honored and esteemed 
at home and abroad. He made a creditable record as a soldier in the 



154 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Civil war, and since retnrning to peaceful pursuits has done equally well 
in civil life. 

Mr. Confer was born in Hocking county, Ohio, INIarch 3, 1838, of 
a family noted for honesty, industry and sobriety. His great-grandfather 
was a solider in the Revolution. His grandfather, Andrew, was a native 
of Pennsylvania, and his father, John Confer, was born in Ohio, was a 
farmer and died in Wells county, Indiana. He was a Democrat of the 
Jackson type. He married Miss Eliza Poling. She was a member of 
the United Brethren church. They were parents of fourteen children, 
and four of the sons were soldiers in the Civil war : Daniel, William, of 
the One Hundred and First Indiana Infantry, killed at Chickamauga, 
Peter, in the One Hundred and Fifty-seventh Indiana Infantry and now 
living in Wells- county, Indiana, and Samuel. 

Air. Confer was reared on a farm near Bluffton, Wells county, Indi- 
ana, was taught the value of independent labor and received his educa- 
tion in the public schools. In September, 1861, he enlisted at Blufifton 
in Company A, Thirty-fourth Indiana Infantry, under Captain Swaim 
and Colonel Steele. He veteranized in February, 1863, and served till 
the end of the war. He was at the siege of Vicksburg for forty-seven 
days, until the stars and stripes floated over the fort on July 4, 1863; 
he was at Jackson, Mississippi, and under General Ord for some time. 
His regiment was then ordered to Texas, and was on duty there until the 
close of hostilities. After the war he located in Wells county, Indiana, 
and remained there until he came west in 1884. 

In 1864 ]Mr. Confer was married in Wells county, Indiana, to 'Miss 
]\Iary L. Robb, who has been a noble wife and mother for forty years. 
She was born in Warren, Trumbull county, Ohio, a daughter of Peter 
and Nancy Robb. Her brother. Rev. C. O. Robb, was a soldier in the 
war, and is now located at Pawnee city, Nebraska. Mr. and Mrs. Con- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 155 

fer have six children: Charles, John, William, Howard, Orman, and 
Martha ]Morical, of Firth, Nebraska. Air. Confer is a stanch Repnblican. 
He is a member of the Sergeant Cox Post No. 100, G. A. R., at Adams, 
being popnlar among his old army comrades as with all his fellow- citizens 
and associates. He is a man of strong physique, endowed with physical 
and moral courage for all the trials of life, and has a career to be 
proud of, Ijoth in Nebraska and wherever has has had residence. He and 
his wife are both members of the United Brethren church. 



FRANK W. RIESENBERG. 

Frank W. Riesenberg, an enterprising and prosperous agriculturist 
of Nemaha county, Nebraska, where he owns four hundred and eighty 
acres of choice land in Glen Rock precinct, with Auburn as his posoffice 
and on rural delivery No. i, has been more or less identified with Ne- 
braska agricultural interests since 1879, when he came to this state and 
bought four hundred and eighty acres in the southwestern part, which 
twenty years later he sold without profit at ten dollars an acre. He was 
more fortunate when he decided upon Nemaha county as his location, 
and on August 27, 1896, he purchased two hundred and forty acres 
here, paying thirty dollars an acre. He later acquired eighty acres at 
forty dollars an acre, and his present estate is one of the best in the 
entire county. He has a two-story frame residence, which he erected 
in August, 1897, and he keeps two tenants on the place. Each year he 
grows about one hundred acres of corn and fattens a hundred head of 
hogs, besides raising other live-stock, and has one hundred acres in 
pasture and timber. 

Mr. Riesenberg has made his present prosperous condition largely 



156 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

by his own efforts. He was blessed with a meclianical genius, and most 
of his hfe has been spent in mechanical pursuits. He has made many 
in-\-entions, some of which have been profitable from a financial stand- 
point as well as useful to the world in general, and from these sources 
he has made the beginning of his prosperity and been enabled to gain 
the foothold in agricultural interests which he has in Nebraska. He 
has also been a man O'f mark in his relations with his fellow citizens and 
has always displayed sound common sense and a high degree of fairnes? 
in his dealings with his fellow men. 

Mr. Riesenberg was born in Peoria, Illinois. December 21, 1856. 
His father, Carl Riesenberg, was born in the Riesenberg Mountains, 
Germany. The family was noble in its connections. He was by profes- 
sion a musician aud teacher, and later in life was a merchant. He and 
his family left Germany to locate in Brazil, but in the passage they were 
thrice wrecked, and after thirteen weeks arrived in New York. He came 
to Peoria, Illinois, and had a prosperous career during the remainder 
of his life, retrieving in large measure his early losses. He died in 
Peoria at the age of about fifty-six. His wife was Josephine Ellsner, 
who died in 1896, aged seventy-three years. They were the parents of 
eight children, all born in Germany but two, and only three of these are 
now living: Mrs. Mary Erion, a widow, of Peoria, with six children; 
Frank W., and William, a merchant. 

Frank W. Riesenberg was educated in the high school at Peoria, 
from which he graduated at the age of sixteen. Then he entered the 
machine shops at Peoria and served three years, and for many years 
worked in various states at good wages, often carrying on his trade 
while interested in farming. He has been successful in both departments 
of activity, and they together with his inventions have brought him a 
good income for a number of years. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 157 

In 1885 Mr. Riesenberg was married at Bainbridge, Nebraska, 
(now known as Huntley), to Miss Frances Virginia Peck, who was 
born in Xenia, Ohio, and died in 1897, in Auburn, at the age of thirty- 
tliree, leaving three children, namely : Walter, at home and in school : 
Ralph, in the district school ; and Frances, aged seven years. April 14, 
1898. ]\Ir. Riesenberg married Miss Isabel Tapping Foster, who was 
born in Peoria, Illinois, January 8, 1872. Her parents, Benjamin F. and 
Christiana (Clark) Foster, were both born in Deal, county Kent, England, 
on April 14, 1829, and April 2, 1833, respectively, and were married April 
30. 185'!, and were the parents of the following children: Benjamin 
Franklin Foster, born in 1857, died in Peoria, in 1880, unmarried; 
]\Iary Amelia, the wife of John Bryner, of Peoria, is a ladv of much 
ability and especially interested in the International Sunday-school work ; 
Zilla. the wife of ]\Ioses T. Stevens, of St. Louis Missouri, has two chil- 
dren ; Edgar Charles Foster, is a manufacturer of straw board in Peoria ; 
Alfred Lincoln Foster, born January 2, 1866, died August 2, 1868; 
Amanda Agnes Foster is a bookkeeper and accountant in Peoria ; Mrs 
Riesenberg is the seventh of the famih'. 

^Irs. Riesenberg was educated in the high schools of Peoria, and 
was a successful stenographer before her marriage. On child has been 
born to her and her husband, which happy event occurred May 23, 1903, 
and the name they have selected for this beautiful baby boy is Benjamin 
Foster Riesenberg. He is a great favorite in the family, and as a present 
for his first Ijirthday received from his uncle E. C. Foster twenty-five 
shares in the straw board factory. Mr. and Mrs. Riesenberg are liotli 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and he has always advo- 
cated and voted for Republican principles. 



iS8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

JEREMIAH MARLATT. 
Among the citizens of Brownville to whom is vouchsafed an honored 
retirement from labor, as the reward of a long, active and useful busi- 
ness career, is Jeremiah Marlatt, who for a number of years was promi- 
nently connected with the agricultural and mercantile interests of Ne- 
maha county. He was born in ^vlendon. Monroe county, New York, on 
the 1st of June, 1S33, in which state his father, Mark Marlatt, also had 
his nativity. The latter was born in Schenectady, in 1787, and was 
there married in 181 1 to Dorothy Frank, who was born there in 1789, 
and they became the parents of ten children, as follows: Michael, de- 
ceased, was a cooper and farmer in Lenawee count)', Michigan, to 
which place he removed about 1867, and reared two sons; Bffie, who was 
was born about 1816, was the wife of John Speer, by whom she had three 
sons, and she died in 1904 in New York; Andrew, who died in 
Honeoye Falls, New York, was a prominent agriculturist, and was the 
father of one son and four daughters; Maria, who became the wife of 
a Mr. Morgan, and died at the age of forty-five years, in Mendon, New 
York, after becoming the mother of one son, and she was the first of 
the family to pass away; Daniel, who was engaged in coopering and 
farming in Lenawee county, to which state he remo\-ed in 1836, is also 
deceased; Alvah, who removed to Los Angeles, California, in 1853, died 
there in 1878; John, who was engaged in farming in New York, was 
killed by a train about 1896; Martin, also engaged in agricultural pursuits 
in that state, was called to his final rest about 1899 ; Jeremiah ; and Fred- 
erick, who is a farmer near Rockport, IMissouri. The last named came 
to the west in 1859. and at the time of the Civil war enlisted from Iowa 
in the artillery service. After the close of the war he taught school in 
Missouri, and was there married. He has served as assessor of his coun- 
ty, and was defeated for the office of county clerk by only three votes. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 159 

Mrs. Dorothy Rlarlatt departed this Hfe in the fall of 1864, on the old 
home farm in Monroe county, and there the father passed away in 1872, 
when eighty-five years of age, lea\ing an estate valued at twenty thous- 
and dollars. The parents were members of the Baptist church. 

During one year Jeremiah Marlatt was a student in Genesee College 
at Lima. Xew York, and during the winter of 1854-5 he was employed 
as a teacher in IMissouri. Forty-seven years ago, in 1856, he came to 
Nemaha county, Nebraska, where he pre-empted a farm but lost his 
claim. In 1862 he became the owner of eighty acres located two and 
half miles southwest of Brownville, the purchase price being nine hun- 
dred dollars, but the place has since increased in value until it is now 
worth five thousand dollars. For four years, from 1881 to 1885, ]\Tr. 
Marlatt was engaged in mercantile pursuits in Aspinwall, during three 
years of which time business was carried on under the firm name of 
Marlatt & King and for one year he was alone, and on the expiration of 
that period he sold his interest on account of poor health. 

In Brownville, on the nth of January, 1857, Mr. Marlatt was 
united in marriage to Mrs. Ellen Gulick, the widow of Lafayette Gulick, 
a native of Dayton, Ohio, and there their marriage was also celebrated, 
but three months afterward Mr. Gulick was called from this earth, his 
death resulting from an accident while serving in the position of a 
fireman. ]\Irs. Marlatt is the daughter of Isaac and Sarah (Crouch) 
W'estfall, the former a native of Virginia and the latter of Kentucky. 
Their marriage occurred at Dayton, Ohio, where they were farming peo- 
ple, and they became the parents of eight children, two sons and six- 
daughters, Mrs. jMarlatt being the youngest in order of birth and the 
only one now living. The father died in Ohio in 1852. when sixty-four 
years of age. Two daughters have blessed the union of ]Mr. ^larlatt and 
wife: Effie, the widow of William Drain, a resident of Chapman, Kan- 



i6o SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

sas, and the mother of tliree sons; and Sarah Ellen, the wife of Frank 
M. King, of Holton, Kansas, and they have one son and two daughters. 
Both daughters were educated in Brownville and Peru. Mr. and ]\Irs. 
[Nlarlatt are justly proud of their two granddaughters, who are proficient 
in both vocal and instrumental music, and also of their grandson, Clyde 
F. King, who is now twenty-three years of age and a member of the legal 
profession. During the past twenty years Mr. and Mrs. Marlatt have 
spent much of their time in traveling, having visited the Dakotas, the Hot 
Springs, Deadwood, Lead City, Idaho Springs, Clear Creek, Manitou 
Springs, and many other places of interest. In this county, where they 
have so long resided, they are lield in the highest regard by their innum- 
erable friends. 



DANIEL D. DAVIS. 

Daniel D. Davis, one of the leading agrictilturists and stockraisers 
of Nemaha county, Nebraska, was born in Carmarthenshire, Wales, on 
the Jist of July, 1833, and in that country his grandfather, Daniel 
Davis, was a man of wealth and a large land-owner. He became the 
father of nine children, five daughters and four sons, all of whom mar- 
ried, and one daughter, Hannah, married Thomas McLea, a Frenchman, 
and she is still living in Paris, France, aged ninety-three years. She is 
also very wealthy. David Davis, the father of Daniel D., was born in 
a shire adjoining that of Carmarthen, the birthplace of his son, and for 
twenty-one years served as the county clerk. He was a teacher and 
busin.ess man and wedded Maria Daniels, by whom he had two children, 
the daughter being Dina, who became the wife of Da\id Jones, to whom 
she was married in Australia. He was a master mechanic, engaged in 
erecting hea\y mining machinery, and they became the parents of eight 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKL-i. i6i 

cliikiven, all of whom grew to years of inaturity and are now living in 
Pennsylvania. Both our subject and his sister recei\'ed excellent educa- 
tional advantages in their youth, as their father was a college-bred man 
and one of the best scholars in his county. His death occurred in Janu- 
ary, 1880, at the old home in \\'ajes, when he had reached the age of 
eighty-two years, and he left to his wife and children a good estate. 
His widow survived until 1896, when she too passed away at the old 
family home and also at the age of eighty-two years. 

On the 30th of June, 1854, Daniel D. Da\is married Rachel Davis, 
who, although of the same name, was not a relative, and she was born 
in England, June 4, 1828, the daughter of David and Mary Davis, who 
were farming people and were the parents of eight children. In 1856, 
two years after his marriage, Mr. Da\-is, accompanied by his wife, her 
mother, three brothers and four sisters, embarked on the vessel John 
Bright for America, sailing from Liverpool on the 27th of May, and on 
the 3d of July following landed at New York. Making his way to Wis- 
consin, Mr. Davis purchased eight}- acres of land in Iowa county, for 
which he paid five dollars an acre, and for eight years made his home in 
Dodgeville, engaged in speculating and buying stock. Selling his pos- 
sessions there at the expiration of that time he came to Nemaha county, 
Nebraska,, making the trip with four yoke of oxen and one large covered 
wagon, eighteen days being consumed on the journey, including three 
days spent in Omaha, and they arrived at their destination on the 30th 
of June, 1863. Mr. Davis had previously visited Nemaha county in 
search of a location, and after his second arrival here secured one hundred 
acres of land at Barada, Richardson county, the purchase price being 
about three hundred dollars, but two years later he sold that land at a 
good profit and came to the vicinity of Aspinwall, his first purchase 
here being a tract of eighty acres, for which he paid five hundred dollars. 



i62 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Before two years had passed by, however, he had added one hundred and 
sixty acres to his original purchase, the latter being in its primitive state 
and costing sixteen hundred dollars. Tn 1892 he became the owner of 
one hundred and fifty-six acres, the purchase price being thirty-five hun- 
dred dollars, and he also has eighty acres lying a short distance west of 
this tract and twenty acres in the vicinity of Glen Rock, while in addition 
he has a timber tract of thirty-five acres. Throughout the period of his 
residence here Mr. Davis has been engaged in both agriculture and stock- 
raising, about two hundred acres of his place being devoted to corn, 
and be annually raises about one hundred tons of hay. He has a fine 
grade of shorthorn cattle, with registered males, feeding from fifty to 
eighty head annually, his markets being at Chicago and Kansas City, 
and he also raises from one hundred to one hundred and fifty hogs a 
year, principally of the Poland China breed. Many buildings adorn this 
I'aluable estate, and he erected both his barn and house, the former being 
forty by forty feet and forty feet high, while the latter, which took the 
place of a box house, is a substantial frame dwelling erected thirty-two 
years ago. This farm also contains two large orchards, of five acres 
each, which yield an abundance of fruit in season. 

The union of Mr. and ]\lrs. Davis was blessed with nine children, 
as follows : David, who resides with his father on the home farm ; 
Thomas, also at home; Mary Davis, who is acting as her father's house- 
keeper: Benjamin, who died at the age of thirty-six years; George, 
who was called to the home beyond at the early age of twenty-six years ; 
John, who was born in Wisconsin and died there when one and a half 
years old; Albert, who died in this county at the same age; !Maria, 
deceased in infancy; and Jonathan, who was born in Wisconsin in 1863, 
and his death occurred in this county at the age of thirty-four years, 
leaving one son. Mrs. Davis passed away in death on the 30th of 




JOSIAH GILLILAND 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 163 

July, 1890, aged seventy-two and a half years and twenty-six days. 
She was a faithful Christian woman, a devoted wife and loving mother, 
and her loss was deeply felt by all who had the pleasure of her acquain- 
tance. In his political affiliations Mr. Davis is a Republican, and foi 
about twenty years he has served as a justice of the peace, while for two 
years he held the position of assessor. Although having reached the 
age of three score 3'ears and ten. he is yet vigorous and active, and is now 
spending the evening of a useful life at his pleasant farm home. 



JOSIAH GILLILAND. 

Josiah Gilliland, a retired farmer of South Auburn, has become 
well known through his connection with the agricultural interests of 
Nemaha county. He had led a thrifty and industrious life, has made by 
his own efforts all that he has in the way of worldly possessions, and 
wherever he has been called to touch the public life of the community 
he has performed a public-spirited part both as a man and as a citizen. 

Mr. Gilliland was born in Belmont county, Ohio, September 17, 
1834. His grandfather was a Virginia farmer, and reared two sons and 
two daughters. One of the sons was Jesse Gilliland, who was born in 
old Virginia in 1812, and died in Morgan county, Ohio, when about 
seventy-five years old. He was a farmer in fair circumstances, and 
gave his children such advantages as were afforded in the community. 
His wife, who survived him several years, was Margaret Douglas, a 
relative of Stephen A. Douglas, and of Scotch ancestry. Her father 
was one hundred and eight years old when he died in Belmont; or Guern- 
sey county, Ohio. The following children of Jesse Gilliland and his 
wife are now living; James, a blacksmith and farmer in Morgan county, 



i64 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Ohio; Jesse Morgan, a farmer and carpenter in Ohio, with six children; 
Ellen, who has three children ; Josiah ; and John, a farmer in Schuyler 
county, Missouri, and now living with his third wife. The following 
children are deceased: Elizabeth Batie, who died in Belmont county, 
Ohio, leaving a family; Ruth Foreman, who died in Guernsey county, 
Ohio, leaving children; and Sarah Ann Hill, who died in Morgan 
county, Ohio. 

Josiah Gilliland moved with his father to Morgan county, Ohio, 
when he was seventeen years old, and lived there at home until he was 
twenty-two. He was then in Iowa for a short time, and from there 
went to Ogle county, Illinois, where he was married. He lived in Mis- 
souri until 1876, at which date he came to Nebraska, where he has been 
industriously and profitably engaged in farming until recently. He 
bought his good home in South Auburn in June, 1903, and is most 
comfortably situated to spend the remainder of his years. While now 
in his seventieth year, his capacity for work is hardly diminished, and 
he contemplates engaging in some business. During the Civil war he 
was a member of the home militia and also enlisted from Atchison 
county in Company I, Forty-third Missouri, serving for one year. 
While he was away his wife received an inheritance of four hundred 
dollars, and this is the only money which he cannot say he has made by 
his own efforts and honest industry. 

Mr. Gilliland was married in Ogle county, Illinois, to Miss Dalitha 
Maxwell, who died in Andrew county, Missouri, in 1866, aged twenty- 
four years, leaving three children : William A. is a farmer and land 
agent in Jackson county, Kansas, and has two sons and two daughters; 
Margaret Ellen is the wife of H. G. Rhodes, in Nemaha county, and 
has four children; and Alida is the wife of Andy Spear, of Jackson 
county, Kansas, and has four children. Mr. Gilliland was married on 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 165 

March 4, 1867, to Miss Carrie Coleman, of Morgan county, Ohio, and 
a daughter of Elisha and Lola (Scott) Coleman, the latter of whom died 
in Andrew county in 1901, leaving four children, but the latter is Still 
living on the Missouri homestead. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gilliland have had ten children : Elisha is a farmer 
in Richardson county, Nebraska, and has one son and one daughter; Lola 
Virdie is thei wife of S. Keister, and has two children living; Harry is a 
farmer in Nemaha county, and has a wife; Samuel, married, is on the 
home farm of two hundred and forty acres; one son died in infancy; 
Ernest, single, is also on the home farm : Mary and Clara both died of 
diphtheria, aged respectively thirteen and ten; Louisa is aged fourteen; 
and Edith is a bright Miss of ten. Mr. Gilliland is now a Populist, 
having been formerly a Republican. The only office he has consented to 
hold has been that of school director. He is taking the initiatory 
degrees of the Masonic lodge at Rochester, ]\Iissouri. He and his wife 
are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian church, of which he is an 
elder, and he took an active part in the building of a church on his farm, 
contributing liberally of time and money. 



HENRY A. SCOTT. 

Henry A. Scott, the well known retired merchant and business man 
of Humboldt, Nebraska, has taken a proniinent and influential part in 
business and public affairs in Richardson county for the past thirty- 
seven years, and has been a resident of the town of Humboldt for thirty 
years. His career has been one of wide scope and varied in its useful 
activities, and he and his estimable wife have probably enjoyed as deep 
draughts of wholesome and happy living as any other two people in 



i66 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

the county. While pursuing ways of pease and pleasantness themselves, 
they have by no means been selfish in their aims or neglected the welfare 
of others, and their public-spirited and kind-hearted interest and efforts 
have manifested themselves in many ways for the beterment of the insti- 
tutions and material progress of their community and city and county. 

I\Ir. Scott is of Puritan lineage on both sides of the house, and 
comes of a family known and honored in America for many generations. 
He was born in old Hatfield, Hampshire county, Massachusetts, January 
I, 1844. His grandfather was Thaddeus Scott, a farmer of old Hat- 
field. He married a Miss Doty, a descendant of Plymouth settlers, and 
they reared four sons and three daughters. The daughters married and 
liaU small families, and the sons are as follows : Gad Scoti, a farmer, 
went to Dubuque county, Iowa, in 1856, and died at ad\-anced age, having 
been married twice but with no children ; James dietl on the home place 
at old Hatfield when an old man, leaving no children ; Alpheus and 
Lebeus were twins, the former being the father of ]\Ir. Henry Scott. 
Lebeus was a prominent character in Massachusetts. He was a teacher 
and school superintendent, was an express messenger many years, was 
warden of the prison in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and was popular with 
all parties and classes. He was an orthodox Congregationalist, which 
has been the religion of all the family. He married but had no 
children. 

Alpheus Scott was born in the old home in October, 1824, and died 
in Richardson county, Nebraska, in 1876. In young manhood he mar- 
ried Julia Russell, who was born in the same part of Massachusetts in 
1828, a daughter of Charles Russell, a farmer. Their first child was 
Henry A. The second was Charles, who was born in Lorain county, 
Ohio, and was accidentally killed in a saw-mill in Oregon, leaving a wife, 
one son and two daughters. The third child is I\Iary, wife of David 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 167 

Weaver, of Boswell, Indiana, and has two sons; Annie, wife of Barton 
Hued, of Waterloo, Iowa, lias a large family; Thaddeus, unmarried, is 
in Dubuque county, Iowa; Edward died at Epworth, Iowa, in middle 
life, leaving a wife and four children; Alpheus, unmarried, is in the 
state of Washington ; Lizzie Martin died in Humboldt. Nebraska, in 
young womanhood, leaving one son ; James is married and lives in Wat- 
erloo, Iowa; Hattie Bremer lives in Seattle, Washington; Jessie Haskins 
is in Tekoa, Washington, and has three children. The mother of these 
children died at Hebron, Nebraska, at the age of fifty-two. 

Alpheus Scott was not a money-getter, but always lived well, and 
he and his wife were genial, wholesouled people, with hosts of friends, 
and ^\■ere strong Congregationalists. He was a graduate of Berea Col- 
lege, studied law under Judge Striker at Sandusky, and was admitted to 
the bar in Iowa. He taught school while preparing for his profession. 
He left Erie county. Ohio, in 1852. and moved to Clayton county, Iowa, 
settling on a claim of forty acres, paying the regular price of a dollar 
and a quarter per acre. This was bare prairie, with the nearest neighbor 
two miles and a half away, and he began b}' building a round-log house 
of two rooms, in which he and his wife lived three years. He then became 
one of the two founders of the town of Stra\\berry Point in the same 
county. He was engaged in law practice there for several years, and 
was one of the brainy and clear-headed memljers of the first constitu- 
tional convention of the state. The law firm was Murdock and Scott 
for two years. He also served as prosecuting attorney and county judge. 
He was a ready and rapid speaker, with quick wit and ability at repartee 
and dcliate, and could make a S])eech on any and every occasion. He was 
popular as an auctioneer, and in pleading before a jury he was tireless 
and earnest and con\incing. He was a successful man. and was helped 



1 68 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

inucli by his industrious and sympathetic wife, who was at all times 
devoted to the interests of her family. 

Henry A. Scott had a limited education in the public schools, and 
rather took to work and sport in his youth. In April, 1861, he volun- 
teered in the cause of his country, enlisting in Company C, Third Iowa 
Infantry. He was at the battle of Shiloh and throughout the western 
campaigns, and after three years veteranized in the same company and 
regiment. In Sherman's campaign about Meridian he was taken pris- 
oner, and endured incarceration in southern prisons at Cahaba. Alabama, 
Andersonville, Georgia, and Florence, South Carolina, from February 
27, 1864, until he signed his parole March 4, 1865. He participated in 
the grand review on Pennsylvania avenue in Washington in 1865, and 
again in 1903 as a member of the Nebraska delegation of Grand Army 
veterans. After the war. in May, 1867, Mr. Scott came to Nebraska 
and homesteaded a claim of one hundred and sixty acres in Franklin 
township, Richardson county, and farmed the land for several years and 
still keeps it under tenancy. He mo\-ed into Humboldt in 1874, and this 
has been his home and center of activity ever since. For about twelve 
years he was a salesman in the. hardware and implement house of F. W. 
Samuelson, and he then opened up a business in the same line under the 
firm name of Scott and Skalak, which partnership continued most suc- 
cessfully for fifteen years, after which Mr. Scott withdrew from active 
participation in business affairs and has since been taking things rather 
easily. For the last few years he has been traveling considerably, and he 
and his wife have enjoyed many of the fruits of their years of thrift 
and good management. He was not enjoying good health when he left 
business, but his subsequent free activity has almost completely rejuven- 
ated him. He and his wife have been to the Pacific coast twice, having 
traveled the entire length of the coast down to old Mexico, and they 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 169 

also spent one winter in Florida. They reside in one of the pleasant 
homes of Humboldt, having erected it some five years ago, and he also 
owns a fine brick business block besides other residence property. 

September 22, 1868, ]\Ir. Scott was married in his present precinct 
to Aliss Margaret Smith, who was born in Licking county, Ohio, in 
October, 1849, a daughter of Henry and Sophronia (Payne) Smith. 
Her father was a blacksmith in Ohio, where he died in old age, and his 
widow died at Blue Springs, Nebraska, in December, 1903, in the 
eighty-first year of her age. Mrs. Scott is one of seven living children, 
two brothers and four sisters. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Scott's only son and chilct 
is Aretas, one of the leading dentists of St. Joseph, Missouri. He mar- 
ried Mary Lionberger. He was a graduate of the Humboldt high school 
at the age of seventeen, then took a course at the State University at 
Lincoln, and graduated from the Gem City Business College at Quincy, 
Illinois. The head of the latter school, D. 1\L ]\Iusselman, gave him a 
certificate graded at 97, one of the very highest marks, for he never gave 
higher than 98. Dr. Scott is a young man of much talent in various 
lines. He graduated with high standing from the Kansas City Dental 
College, and has since built up a fine practice in St. Joseph. He was 
secretary of the Dental Association in St. Joseph. He is a Master ]\Iason, 
a Modern Woodman, and is a stanch Republican. 

Mr. Scott has been a Republican for many years. He takes an 
active part in the proceedings of the Grand Army of the Republic, and 
affiliates with Humboldt Lodge No. 40, Ancient I^ree and Accepted 
Masons, and with the Ancient Order of United W'orkmen. He has 
served as constable and is widely and favorably known is the county 
and state. He has taken an interested part in the campaigns for the past 
few years. Mrs. Scott is a member of the Presbyterian church. 



I70 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

CLARENCE E. ORD. 

Clarence E. Ord, one of the respected farmers of Douglas precinct, 
Nemaha count)'. Nebraska, is a native of Cleveland, Ohio, born May 19, 
1858. The Ords are of English origin. Joseph E. Ord. the father of 
Clarence E., was born in Durhamshire, England, July 15, 1830, and his 
father, Robert Ord, was born in Yorkshire, in 1795, son of George Ord, 
a freeholder, farmer and preacher and the author of a poem entitled 
"Spiritual Portrait." Robert Ord married Jane Elizabeth Laidler. With 
their three children, they emigrated to this country in 1832, embarking 
at Liverpool and landing in New York city, May 8, after an ocean 
voyage of eight weeks. Of their children, we record that Christopher 
entered the arm}' during the Civil war. with the rank of corporal, and 
was killed in the battle of Resaca, in the prime of life. lie left a widow, 
two sons and a daughter. The second child of Robert Ord was a 
daughter who became the wife of Perriander Fish. Both died some years 
ago in Brooklyn, Ohio, leaving three daughters and a son. Joseph E. 
Ord, the youngest of the family, was six years old at the time of their 
emigration to America. His education was obtained in the common 
schools of New York, Ohio and Wisconsin, and he married. .Vpril 8, 
1857, in Berea, Ohio, Miss Marie Reeder, a native of Chautauqua county. 
New York, born December 8, 1825, daughter of Rev. Nathaniel Reeder, 
a Methodist minister, who was born in Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, 
April 14, 1789, married March 9, 1821, and died August 10, 1838. 
Her mother was before marriage Miss Orra Colt. In the Reeder family 
were eleven children, nine of whom reached adult age. Mr. and Mrs. 
Reeder died in Berea, Ohio, he at the age of forty-eight years, and she 
at fifty-two. Joseph E. and Maria Ord were married April 8. 1857, and 
had five children, Clarence E. being the oldest. The others in order of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 171 

birth are: Joseph Franklin, at this writing in Alaska; Emma, who died 
June 9, 1894, at the age of thirty-two years, was a graduate of the Evan- 
ston (IlHnois) University, and for some time a teacher of elocution in 
the Weslyn University of Lincoln, Nebraska; Annie, wife of Charles 
Partridge, of Toronto, Canada, has two daughters; Esther Myrtle, wife 
of Professor Duncanson, a teacher in the State Normal School at Peru, 
Nebraska. Joseph E. Ord has prospered in his efforts to accumulate a 
competency and at the same time educate and provide for his family- 
Though iie has met with losses, he now has a fine landed estate, including 
over five hundred acres of land in Nebraska and other lands in Kansas. 
And his cliildren are all well to do. His aged father died at his home 
in Nebraska January 28, 1875. 

Clarence E. Ord was reared a farmer boy and received a common 
and normal school education, graduating at the Nebraska State Normal 
School in 1882, after which he engaged in teaching and taught five terms 
of school in Nemaha county. One of the first schools in Auburn was 
taught by him. 

March 31, 1891, Clarence E. Ord married Miss Clara Richards, a 
native of Wisconsin and a daughter of J. S. and Louisa (Daigh) Rich- 
ards. Mr. and Mrs. Richards were natives respectively of Virginia and 
Illinois, were married in Springfield, Illinois, and subsecpiently settled 
in Wisconsin. Mrs. Ord was educated in Springfield, and in Peru, 
?\cbraska, and previous to her marriage was a teacher in Nemaha county. 
Their happy union has been Ijlessed in the birth of two children, namely; 
Gladys Ord Ord, born February 26, 1S92, and Esther Lucile, July 11, 
1894. 

On their wedding day ^Ir. and Mrs. Ord settled in their present 
home, he having bought one hundred and sixty acres of land and erected 
a residence, to which he took his bride as soon as thev were married, he 



172 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

being then thirty-three and she twenty-seven years of age; and here they 
lia\e since hved and prospered. Mr. Ord has a nice orchard and pleasant 
surroundings at his country home. He does general farming, raising 
a variety of crops, and has some high-grade stock. 

Politically Mr. Ord is a Republican. He has been a member of the 
boa'-i. of county commissioners since January, 1901. He and his wife 
and children are members of the Methodist church. 



EDWARD J. TUCKER. 

Edward J. Tucker, the prominent business man of Howe, Nemaha 
county, Nebraska, has lived in southeastern Nebraska for over forty 
years, practically all his life, and, as an inhabitant of the state for the 
greater part of its sovereign existence as well, has performed a credit- 
able part in its business life and prosperity. He began life with only 
good schooling advantages as capital, but has made such excellent use of 
his opportunities that he has found no reason to chide fate or cast any 
imputations upon fickle fortune for his position in the world. He is a 
shrewd, jsractical business man, devoted to home and family and the 
things of the higher life, interested in the civic and material progress of 
his county and town, and while working for his individual welfare at the 
same time not infringing on the rights of others and willing to put his 
hand to any public-spirited enterprise. 

Mr. Tucker's grandfather, James H. Tucker, was born in Kentucky 
in 1S12, and died in 1863, while his wife survived until 1883, and 
they reared all their four sons and three daugliters. Christopher Tucker, 
the father of Edward J. Tucker, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, 
February 9, 1835, was taken to southern Illinois about 1845, thence 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 173 

to nortliern Iowa in 1849, ^"d from tliere came to Nemaha county, Ne- 
braska, in i860. He was married in ]\Iason City, Iowa, in 1856, to ]\Iiss 
Martha Parker, who was born in Virginia, November 27, 1836, a daugh- 
ter of Ellis Parker, who was a farmer and in the public life of Hardin 
county, Iowa, for about forty years, being county judge for a number 
of years. His two sons and two daughters were : Frank Parker, a farmer 
in the state of Washington ; Martha, wife of Christopher Tucker; Hiram 
Parker, a mason of Boonesboro, Iowa; and Mary, wife of Benjamin 
Robb, of Eldora, Iowa. Christopher and Martha Tucker were farmers 
in Cerro Gordo county, Iowa, for a few years, and then drove to Ne- 
brasl-a, crossing the Missouri on a flatboat, and began their career on a 
wild ])rairie farm on a treeless stretch, which no effort of the imagination 
could picture as otherwise than gloomy. They prospered in the state, 
however, and were highly esteemed citizens of their community. He died 
in Page county, Iowa, in 1901, but his widow is still living. They had 
four children : Lucretia, the wife of W. E. Irwin, died November 4, 
1902, in Shenandoah, Iowa, leaving her husband and one son; Edward J. 
Tucker; Ellis Tucker is cashier of the Bank of Shenandoah, and is a 
widower with no children; May is the wife of H. I. Foskett, a banker 
of Shanandoah, and has three children. 

Edward J. Tucker was born in Cerro Gordo county, Iowa, January 
10, 1859, and arrived in Nemaha county, November i, i860, with his 
parents. He was reared to farm life, and remained at home until he 
was twenty-two, attending the district schools and the State Normal 
for two years. He then as a member of the firm of Chatfield and Tucker, 
engaged in merchandising, general goods, in Howe for eighteen months, 
and since then, for twenty years, has been manager of the Howe Lumber 
Company, whose members are himself and H. R. Howe. Ecr the same 
period of time he has been engaged in grain-buying, shipping from three 



i 



174 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

hundred to six hundred cars each year from Ho\\e \vliich has made this 
the banner grain-shipping station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. In 
1883 Mr. Tucker also began conducting the farm implement business 
of Robert Teare, but since the first year has carried it on for himself, 
and now has the largest stock of such goods in the county. He has been 
successful in all these enterprises, and his extensive connections place him 
in the front rank of the business men of the county. He owns one half 
of a brick business block, and also his own cosy home in the village. 

December 29, 1885, Mr. Tucker was married to Miss Kate Scott, 
who was born in Indiana, a daughter of Tom and IMary (Hughes) Scott. 
Tom Scott was a native of Kentucky, and was a printer by trade, for the 
last twenty years of his life being engaged in the government printing 
office at Washington. He died in the prime of his life in 1875, in 
Indiana, and his wife, who was a native of Indiana, died in the follow- 
ing year. They lost two sons in childhood, and their daughter Anna 
died in young womanhood. ]\Irs. Tucker was educated in science and 
music in Crawfordsville, Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. Tucker's only child, 
Clarence Christopher, was born May y. 1892, and is an apt student, 
learning to spell and read by spelling out the names of the five daily and 
weekly papers which his father takes. Mr. Tucker takes much pleasure 
in his well selected library, which comprises the best works in history, 
biography and poetry. 

Mr. Tucker is a Republican in politics, but has no time to devote to 
party affairs other than keeping well informed on the issues of national 
and local importance. He affiliates with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, in which he has passed all the chairs, and with the Knight? 
of Pythias. His father, who served for eighteen months in the Civil 
war, where he contracted the chronic disease which ended in his death, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 175 

was a Rupulilican in politics and a prominent member of tlie Grand 
Army of tiie Republic, and also a ^Master Mason. 



FRED PARKER. 

Fred Parker is one of the most prominent farmers and stockmen 
of Washington precinct, Nemaha comity, his farm being located on 
sections 4. 5 and 13, and with his postoffice at Johnson. He arrived 
in Brownville, Nebraska, in Ma}-, 1S66, and for nearly forty years has 
given visible e\-idence of what enterprise, capable management and 
thrifty industry can do in making agriculture and stock-raising a paying 
venture in the great commonwealth of Nebraska That he has suc- 
ceeded anyone can witness who will \isit his fine farmstead, with all its 
improvements both useful and ornamental, which he himself has placed 
there. 

The Parker farm was built up from a nucleus of a quarter section 
of raw prairie, which Mr. Parker purchased for eighteen hundred dollars 
cash. He now has two large barns, forty by fifty-eight feet and fifty- 
six by thirty-two feet in dimensions, one of which has a stone basement ; 
there is a corn crib thirty by forty feet, with a stone foundation ; a 
wagon house twenty by sixteen ; a shop fourteen by sixteen ; and a shed 
twelve by eighty. There are three residences on the farm. The first 
one. twenty-four by twenty- four feet, was built in 1870, and continued 
to be the family home until the present large and modern dwelling was 
erected, being two stories, thirty-two by thirty feet, and with an addition 
twenty-four by fourteen feet with commodious basement. This is one 
of the most substantial residences of the countv. The first home is now 



1/6 SOUTHEASTERN N-EBRASKA. 

occupied by a friend, and there is also another house occupied by Mr. 
Parker's son. Mr. Parker also planted all the six acres of groves, and has 
three orchards of about twelve acres, one being a young fruit orchard. 
The ample stretch of lawn about the house is ornamented with shade 
trees, evergreens, Scotch firs and larches, in all about fourteen varities of 
trees and shrubs. A tall windmill is a feature of the place, and supplies 
water for all the uses of the place. There is a quarry of fine building 
stone on the place, and it has furnished the foundation and material for 
many houses in the neighborhood. Mr. Parker makes a specialty of 
thoroughbred, pedigreed shorthorn stock, and most of the cattle are reg- 
istered. He has paid from one hundred and forty to two hundred dol- 
lars for many of his animals, and has sold some of the besi in the county. 
He kept about one hundred head before the drop in prices, and now has 
about forty, which have the best of shelter and care in the winter and 
stand up to their knees in pasture during the summer. He also markets 
about a hundred hogs each year. 

Mr. Parker came to Nebraska from Somersetshire, England, where 
he was born August 19, 1841. His father, Samuel Parker, was also 
born there, in 18 19, was a bricklayer, and died here at the age of fifty- 
two years, leaving a widow and three children and little property, but a 
much better inheritance in the shape of a good name and a happy memory. 
His wife was Maria Payne, who died in Brownville, Nebraska, when 
about fifty-three years old. They lost three children in youth, Anna 
Maria having died when eighteen years old, and the three now living 
are : "Fred ; Walter Samuel, near Auburn ; and Elizabeth Dominey, in 
Nemaha county. 

Fred Parker had only meager school advantages, and at the age of 
fourteen years began learning the tinner's and plumber's trades, at 
which he served for seven years at small pay. After coming to Brown- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 177 

ville, Nebraska, he was for twelve or fourteen years the leading salesman 
and manager of tlie large hardware, grocery and implement house of 
Stephenson and Cross, after which he began the farming operations 
which he has since carried on so successfully. 

He was married in Brownville, August i, 1870, to Miss Elizabeth 
Gange, who was also born in Somersetshire, England, on April 10, 1845, 
a daughter of William and Martha (Stagg) Gange, the former of whom 
was a carpenter. Her parents reared four children, as follows : Mrs. 
Mary Denmon, a widow, of Dorsetshire, England; Mrs. Parker; Mrs. 
Amelia Forsey, who died leaving three children ; and Albert, unmarried, 
who has been a blacksmith in the English na\-y. William Gange's first 
wife was a ]\Iiss Guppy, and he had sixteen children. He was a strong 
and vigorous man, and died in 187 1, when nearly ninety-four years old. 
Mrs. Parker's mother died in England in 1862. Four children have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Parker: .\ daughter that died in infancy; Albert 
Gange, born in Brownville. May 4, 1874, is a tenant farmer near his 
father and has a wife and one son, Fred; George Denmon lives on his 
father's farm, and has a wife and a son and a daughter; Carletta Eliza, 
aged seventeen, is at home and in school pursuing piano music. Mr. 
Parker is independent in political and religious beliefs. He has served as 
justice of the peace four years, and was on the town council of Brown- 
ville for five years, and has been on the school board for twenty-five 
years. Mrs. Parker is an Episcopalian. Mr. Parker is a Mason of 
thirty-seven years' standing, and has taken the Royal Arch degrees. He 
and his wife are royal entertainers in their beautiful home, and are 
charming people in every relatiiin in which they meet their friends and 
associates. ' 



178 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

BERNARD OTTENS. 

Bernard Ottens, or Barney Ottens, as he is familiarly known over a 
great part of southeastern Nebraska and elsewhere, is now a retired 
resident of South Auburn, Nemaha county, but for forty years or more 
was one of the most active farmers and public-spirited citizens of the 
county. He came to Nebraska in pioneer days, lived in pioneer fashion 
for some years, and from the primitive conditions which he found 
evolved a home and farmstead. He began without a cent of capital, and Ijy 
industry, frugality and honorable perseverance has reached a place of 
prosperity and esteem among his neighbors and fellow citizens. 

Mr. Ottens was born in Germany, October 24, 1830, and after 
spending the first twenty years of his life therei he emigrated to America, 
in 185 1. He was two months on the way from Bremen to New York, 
thence he came to Chicago, from there to South Port, now Racine, 
Wisconsin, and from that point walked one hundred and fifty miles to 
Mineral Point, Wisconsin, where he had acquaintances. He was out of 
money, and found farm work at ten dollars a month. He remained there 
from December, 1851, to 1857, and in this time was married and began 
to get ahead a little in the world. He then came to Nebraska and pre- 
empted a farm of one hundred and sixty acres in Washington precinct, 
Nemaha county, which had plenty of timber on it, but was absolutely 
untouched from an agricultural standpoint. He first put up a log house 
of plain poles, two rooms, but some time later erected a stone house, 
thirty-two by twenty-eight, one story and a half, getting the stone from 
his own quarry. He has been a diligent worker and an able business 
man, and has accumulated considerable property since he first came 
within the borders of this state. In 1898 he bought four lots in South 
Auburn on Maxwell street, where he has built his home, and he has two 




BERNARD OTTENS 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 179 

tenant houses close to the South Auburn mill. He has his own hay scales 
and barn, and is also owner of another farm in Douglas precinct. In the 
summer of 1862 he teamed to Julesburg, Colorado, taking his own farm 
products for disposal to the ranchmen. He drove oxen 10 his wagon. 
He sold butter at fifty cents a pound, eggs at fifty cents a dozen, potatoes 
from; seventy-five cents to a dollar a bushel and bacon forty to fifty cents 
a pound. He also killed buffalo and sold the meat. He has killed all 
kinds of big game on the plains, and he relates that during the sixties 
the buffalo were so numerous that he has driven his wagon across 
sloughs over their carcasses. He also bears witness to the wanton and 
needless slaughter of these animals by the so-called sporting fraternity, 
and that it is small wonder that the noble animal is now nearly extinct. 
Mr. Ottens was married in 1854, at \\'illow Spring, \\'isconsin, to 
Miss Mary McCarvel, who was born in Monahan county, Ireland, in 
1835, a daughter of Pat and Alice (IMcCabe) McCarvel. Twelve 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Ottens : Patrick, born in Wis- 
consin, died at the age of two years; Harmon died aged eight; Lizzie 
died at the age of two years ; Frank died when six years old ; Harmon, 
the second of the name, died at the age of eight; Elizabeth, is the 
wife of John Jurgensmeier, and has seven children living; Frank, 
the second of the name, died at the age of six ; Alice died in Kansas, the 
wife of Henry Grewing, leaving five children: Catherine is the wife of 
John Bradley, of Oklahoma, and has six children; Miss Jane is at 
home; Harmon died at the age of three; and Tillie is the wife of David 
Okane, a farmer at Pender, Nebraska, and has two children. Mr. and 
Mrs. Ottens are Catholics, and he is a Democrat in politics, and for four 
years, from 1866 to 1870, was justice of the peace and served as con- 
stable previous to that time. Mr. and Mrs. Ottens were the founders of 



i8o SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

tlie St. Joseph's parachial school of Auhurn ; he donated one hundred 
and sixty acres of land for the school. 



JOSEPH OGLE. 

Joseph Ogle, agriculturist and stock farmer of Grant precinct, with 
postoffice at Dawson, is a Richardson county settler of 1873, having come 
here from Hancock county, Illinois. He was a young man then, and 
time has since added to his years, but he is still young in vigor and 
energy and capacity for enjoyment of the best things of life. He and 
his wife have been happy toilers along life's way, have applied all their 
endeavors and intelligence to the work which was cut out for them, 
and they therefore richly deserve the magnificent success that has 
crowned their diligence and wise management. Their home is to-day 
one of the fine ones of Richardson county, the lands cultivated to the 
highest degree of profit and permanent returns, all the operations of 
the farm being carried on with machine-like system, and the home and 
household from every standpoint being one of the most attractive, 
hospital and comfortable that an intimate friend or a far-faring trav- 
.eler would ever care to find for his solace and pleasure. 

The owner and successful operator of this model farmstead was 
born in Fulton county, Illinois, March 31, 1849. His grandfather was 
a cooper in the same county, and died there during the cholera year. 
His father was John Ogle, who was born in Ohio about 1823, and died 
near Humboldt, Nebraska, in 1880. He was married in Illinois to 
Jemima Servia Burgess, who was born in Pennsylvania. After a long 
marital union and having become the mother of ten children she passed 
away, being buried on a birthday of her son Joseph, and her husband 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASICA. i8i 

was again married. They were members of the United Brethren cliurch. 
They reared all their ten children but one, a daughter, Azubah Hayes, 
died in Montana leaving two sons and two daughters. The living chil- 
dren are: Mrs. Hattie Davenport, a widow, lives in Augusta, Illinois, 
without children; ]Mrs. Mary Brown, a widow, living at South Sioux 
City, Iowa, has five living children of the seven born to her ; Joseph is 
the third oldest of those living; John M. lives in Missouri and has a 
family; William Otto, of Washington county, Colorado, has two sons 
and two daughters; James Oscar, of Franklin township, Richardson 
county, has two sons and two daughters ; Noah is a farmer of Augusta, 
Illinois, and has four living children. 

^Ir. Joseph Ogle had a district schooling until he was eighteen years 
old. At the age of twenty-two he left the home and county of his birth, 
and, with a team of good horses, a wagon, plough and cultivator, drove 
overland to Nebraska, which was the land of promise of his youthful 
ambition. He camped out on this journey and leaving Illinois on Feb- 
ruary 26th arrived in Brownville, ]\Iarch 9, 1873. He had fifty dollars 
in cash, and for the first season he farmed on land of his brother-in-law. 
He then returned to Illinois for the girl who for thirty years has been 
the companion of his joys and labors and whom he counts as the coequal 
partner with himself in the success that has been vouchsafed to them 
in all their undertakings. After his marriage he returned to Nebraska 
to build up his fortune. He bought a cjuarter section of land that had 
never been touched by the plow, and this still forms a part of his farm, 
although he now has three hundred and twenty acres in his home place 
and a quarter section of bottom land in Nemaha county. He began the 
work of improvement in the spring of 1877, having built a snug little 
frame house which served as his abode for a number of years. A few 
years ago he moved this house back a few feet and began the erection of 



i82 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

his present beautiful country residence, which is among the finest in the 
countryside. It stands back from the dusty highway, is embowered in 
trees, and has all the surroundings that harmonize with a successful man's 
dwelling. The house is two stories high, with a large attic and a base- 
ment, the furnace being in the latter and the large steel tank from which 
all the rooms are supplied with water being in the attic. There is a 
large pillared porch before both stories in front, and the rear of the 
house is all screened in. There are seven large and airy bedrooms, 
and the parlor, living-room, dining-room and kitchen are richly furnished 
and decorated according to the best ideas of modern taste and arrange- 
ment. Mr. Ogle had this residence built by day work, under his con- 
stant supervision, and it cost four thousand five hundred dollars, for every 
dollar of which he got value received. They moved into this commodious 
dwelling in November, 1903. He also has a cyclone cave made of a solid 
stone arch. His large barn was built in 1884, and there are also numer- 
ous other buildings and equipments around the place. Stock-raising 
and general farming are the profitable departments of Mr. Ogle's enter- 
prise, and he makes his undertakings pay unusually well even for the 
state of Nebraska with all its fertile resources. I\Ir Ogle is a Republican 
in politics, but the only office he has held has been as a member of the 
school board. He and his wife at one time were members of the Grange. 
Mrs. Ogle's maiden name was Lourette E. Swisegood. She was 
born in Hancock county, Illinois, a daughter of Daniel H. and Anna C. 
(Haynes) Swisegood, who were both natives of North Carolina, but were 
reared in Illinois, of which state their parents were pioneers. Both 
her parents are still living, in advanced years but still in good health, on 
their old homestead in Hancock county, Illinois. Mrs. Ogle is one of 
ten children, as follows: Sarah S., who died at the age of eighteen 
months; John Swisegood, who came to Nebraska in 1877 and died on 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 183 

his farm near Dawson, having heen a locomotive engineer while in Ilh- 
nois, and three sons and two daughters survived him ; Mrs. Ogle is next 
of the family; Cornelia White, in Augusta, Illinois, has one daughter; 
the fifth child died at the age of three years; Eliza Blanche died when 
twenty-six years old; Nora Spence lives in Missouri and has four sons 
and three daughters; George is a farmer in Illinois and has some six 
children; Thomas died in Illinois aged twenty-five and unmarried; and 
one son died in infancy. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ogle have lost three children and have four living: 
John, who is farming one of his father's places, has a wife and one 
son and one daughter; Anna Blanche is the wife of Walter Cross, a 
tenant farmer, and has one son and two daughters; Susie died March 
21, 1903, aged twenty-two; Marcellus died in infancy, January 10, 1883 ; 
Lena E. is her mother's right-hand supporter and helper at home and is 
a charming young lady; Ray, aged eighteen, is at home and still a stu- 
dent; Bertha Pearl died October 28, 1892, aged three years. 



SAMUEL B. DOOLEY. 

Samuel B. Dooley, one of the popular and enterprising residents of 
Beatrice, Nebraska, is a veteran of the Civil war and a member of the 
G. A. R. Post No. 35 of Beatrice. He enlisted in Company D, Four- 
teenth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, May, 1861, for three years, and his 
regiment was one of the ten regiments organized for the state of Illinois 
under what was known as the Ten Regiment Bill, but when the govern- 
or's call came for men these ten regiments were placed at the disposition 
of the United States government. Colonel J. M. Palmer commanded 
the regiment in which Mr. Dooley enlisted, and the company was com- 



i84 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

mantled by Captain T. J. Bryant. This regiment participated with 
General Fremont and General Hunter and later was transferred to the 
command of General Grant when he was at Shiloh ; they also participated 
in the siege of Vicksburg, and then were with the seventeenth army corps 
under General Sherman in his famous march to the sea. Mr. Dooley 
was taken prisoner on October 4th, and for six months was confined at 
Andersonville; when he was first confined he weighed one hundred and 
si.xty pounds but when released was a mere skeleton of ninety pounds. 
No words can do justice to the gallant service done by the veterans of 
one of the most terrific struggles the world has ever known. Remnants 
of their arduous fighting and long marches still remain, and make their 
sacrifice all the greater. 

Samuel B. Dooley was born in Boone county, Indiana, November 
6, 1S36, and he is a son of Robert Dooley, a native of Kentucky, and a 
grandson of Samuel Dooley, also born in Kentucky, who served in the 
war of 1 81 2. Robert married Julia A. Shelburne and eleven children 
were reared from "their union, three of whom were soldiers in the Civil 
war : John K. resides in Nuckolls county, Nebraska, a veteran of the Civil 
war; James R. served in an Illinois regiment and died in Andersonville 
prison. The father died at the age of fifty-two years and the mother 
died when she was forty-six years of age. 

Samuel B. Dooley resided in Indiana until he was eighteen years 
of age, during which time he learned the carpenter trade and later the 
brickmaker's trade, but he then engaged in a mercantile line and removed 
to Illinois. After several changes he settled in Kansas in 1857 and from 
there returned to Illinois. In 1882 he located in Beatrice, Nebraska, 
where he has since resided, and is now engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness. He was married May 25, 1865, at Coldwater, Michigan, to 
Elizabeth Wilkins, whom he had met in Kansas. She was born in Indi- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 185 

ana and was a daugliter of Dr. \\'ilkins, a physician and minister of the 
Christian chnrch. The children horn to Mr. and Mrs. Dooley were : 
Effie, who married a Mr. Almon Stevenson, of Beatrice, Nebraska, and 
they have one child, Bush; ]\Iinnie Alta, who died at the age of eleven 
years; and two boys who died in infancy. In politics ]\Ir. Dooley is 
a stamich Republican and served in Illinois as justice of the peace and 
mayor of Chapin, Illinois. He has always taken an active part in the 
G. A. R. post, in which he is very popular, and he serves faithfully 
as elder in the Christian church, of which his wife is also a member. 
He was elected commander of Rawlins Post, No. 35, G. A. R., in Janu- 
ary, 1904. 

JOHN H. COATNEY. 

John H. Coatney, a leading farmer and stock and fruit grower in 
Peru precinct, Nemaha county, with postoffice at Peru, is now in the 
main retired from the more strenuous and arduous toils connected with 
the raising of the fruits of the soil. He has certainly deserved much in 
the way of material prosperity and latter-day comforts and advantages, 
for he has been one of the thrifty, industrious and business-like farmers 
of southeastern Nebraska for forty years, which time, when \\ell em- 
ployed, is sufficient in a productive state like that of Nebraska to pro- 
vide any man against the advancing foot of time or the dangers of an 
idle and profitless old age. 

Mr. Coatney knows wdiat pioneer conditions and hardships are. 
He made his arrival in Otoe county, Nebraska, in the fall of 1864, before 
Nebraska was admitted to statehood and when the country was very 
new and barren of much of the beauty and material improvement which 
now meet the eye of the traveler on every hand. He came from Cass 



i86 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASK)A. 

county, Illinois, having driven through with two covered wagons or 
prairie schooners, and bringing his family and goods and chattels, pre- 
pared to make a place for himself in a new country. For the first two 
years he was a tenant farmer, but then bought an eighty acre farm, 
with scant improvements in the shape of a house little more than a shell 
and with five acres broken for cultivation. The purchase price was 
fourteen hundred dollars, and he had five hundred dollars that he had 
made and saved. This place was in Nemaha county, and it has been his 
home ever since. About twenty years ago he tore down the old shanty 
and built in its place a commodious and comfortable farm house. He 
has also built a fine barn, thirty by twenty-six feet, with a forty-foot 
addition and a ten-foot driveway. He keeps from twenty-five to thirty 
head of cattle and ten to sixteen horses, and each year raises about one 
hundred Poland China hogs. The orchard of one hundred and fifty trees 
which he planted soon after coming to the place has died out, and about 
five years ago was replaced with one hundred apple trees and one hun- 
dred cherry trees, which are now bearing fruit. Mr. Coatney is known 
everywhere for his hard-working qualities and for the success that he 
has won by his owa: efforts in this county. 

May 28, i860, Mr. Coatney was married in St. Louis, Missouri, to a 
Virginia maiden of seventeen summers. Miss Margaret Holtzman, who 
was born in Page county, Virginia, October 26, 1843. Her parents, 
William and Ruth (Battman) Holtzman, were born, respectively, in 
Maryland and Virginia, and were married at the county seat of Page 
county. The former was a farmer, and died in Virginia in 1854, when 
about sixty-five years old. His widow died in 1864 in Cass county, Illi- 
nois, whither she had moved in 1857, and of their ten children five mar- 
ried and had families. 

Mr .and Mrs. Coatney reared ten of their twelve children, as fol- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 187 

lows : David Henry, called "Dick," is an enterprising farmer on an adjoin- 
ing farm, and has one daughter. Myrtle Zoe; Martha Lee is the wife of 
Willard Redfern and has eight children; John William, a farmer in 
Oklahoma, has two sons and two daughters ; George B., also of Oklahoma, 
has one son and two daughters; Jennie, the wife of Cyrus Milan, of 
Auhurn, has six children ; Linnie Irene, the wife of Fred Nelson, has four 
children ; Addie is the wife of D. McKenney, a harber of Leavenworth, 
Kansas, and has two sons ; Edward is a farmer near by and is married ; 
Bessie Pearl is the wife of Lewis Chavey, of Auburn, and has one son; 
Charles Cleveland is at home and engaged in the conduct of the home- 
stead. Mr. Coatney is a gold Democrat. He has served his fellow citi- 
zens with capability and conscientious zeal for eighteen years as road 
overseer and for o\-er twent}' years as a member of the school board. He 
has always supported the churches, but is not a member, and has gained 
the esteem and respect of his associates and many friends by his sterling- 
honesty and fidelity to every duty incumbent upon his manhood. 



MONROE T. CONNER. 

Monroe T. Conner, a prominent grain dealer and farmer of South 
Auburn, Douglas precinct, Nemaha county, has been identified with this 
part of southeastern Nebraska for over twenty-five years, and has justly 
gained distinction among the business men of his county. He practically 
began his career in this state, and, being possessed of a little property 
when he came here, he has used his capital to the very best advantage. 
He has proved an industrious and indefatigable worker in every line in 
which he has engaged, has displayed shrewd business ability and push and 



1 88 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

enterprise, and with tliese qualifications he lias won a foremost place 
among the citizens of his county. 

Mr. Conner belongs to an old-established family of the Mississippi 
valley. His father, David Conner, was born in Decatur county, Indiana, 
in 1824, and died in Missouri in 1867. He was a prosperous farmer, 
and came to the latter state in 1841 in boyhood, before the memorable 
flood of 1844 devastated the valleys of the IMissouri and Mississippi. He 
was reared and lived in Buchanan county, Missouri, and was there mar- 
ried to Margaret Brown, who was born in Indiana in 1828, a daughter to 
the first marriage of William Brown, who was a pioneer settler of Ken- 
tucky, whence he went to Indiana, and from there to Missouri. Mr. 
Brown was a man of wealth for his time, was a merchant, and built a mill 
on Sugar creek, and both the Brown and Conner families were prominent 
and well known in northeastern Missouri. Seven children were born to 
David Conner and his wife ; ^Monroe T. ; George W. ; who is in the agri- 
cultural implement business in Maryland and has one son and two daugh- 
ters; Penelope, wife of Cleveland Black, residing near the old home in 
Missouri, and they have three sons; Mary A., wife of A. D. Sutton, lives 
at the old farm in Missouri, and has two sons and two daughters; 
Emily, the wife of William Jones, died in the prime of life, having 
been the mother of one son and one daughter ;Henry Clay died at the 
age of two years ; and one died in infancy. The mother of these children 
died in 1901 at the age of seventy-three years. 

Monroe T. Conner was born in Buchanan county, Missouri, October 15, 
1849. He was reared on a farm, and learned its duties. He received 
a common school education up to the age of eighteen, at which time his 
father died, and he remained with his mother until he was twenty-seven. 
He came to Nemaha county from Missouri on March 18, 1877, and for 
two years engaged in farniing and stock grazing on rented land. He had 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 189 

about a thousand dollars to start with, and in 1880 he purchased a quarter 
section of land for twenty-five hundred dollars, and from this as a nucleus 
has developed a large business by general farming and stock-raising, the 
latter branch being the industry to which he has devoted his principal 
efforts and with the most success. He now owns three hundred and 
twenty-six acres of choice land, in one farm, with two residences, four 
barns and other outbuildings, and his well kept fences are mostly of wire. 
His fine forty-acre apple orchard was just beginning to bear in 1900 when 
it was almost ruined by a storm, with a loss of four thousand dollars to 
^Ir. Conner. 

He embarked in tlie grain-buying business at Howe, and in 1881 
started a grain and stock business in South Auburn, having the credit 
of shipping the first carload of hogs from that place over the Burlington 
and ^lissouri River Railroad. He continued the stock business in 
Auburn and South Auburn for about twelve years, for ten years the firm 
being Conner and Bousfield. I\Ir. Conner sold out to this partner in 
January, 1899, and was engaged at home on his farm until April, 1903, 
when the firm of Conner and L. L. Coryell was formed. They have 
an elevator of twelve thousand bushels' capacity, and they ship from 
one hundred and fifty to two hundred carloads of grain each year. 

June II, 1873, ^^'"- Conner was married to Miss Nina Elliott, who 
was born in ^Missouri, October 14, 1855, one day earlier in the month 
than her husband. She is a daughter of Dawson and Elizabeth (Argo- 
bright) Elliott, who were from Kentucky and came from that state to 
Missouri in 1844, where the latter died in 1S97, at the age of sixty,- but 
the former is still living on the old homestead, hale and hearty at the age 
of seventy-two. Mrs. Conner is one of eight children, of whom she is 
the eldest, and the others were : one that died in infancy ; Nellie, Edward, 
Dawson, Bessie, Lulu, and John. All were married and had families 



I90 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

but two. Mrs. Conner was educated by her well-to-do parents at the 
college in Piatt City, Nebraska, and she is a lady of much refinement 
and culture. 

■Mr. and Mrs. Conner have six children living, and lost the third in 
order of birth when it was an infant. Lemuel Conner, born May 14, 
1874, is running his father's farm; Eva is the wife of Francis Thomas, 
of Howe, and has one son ; Gertrude is a teacher of vocal and instru- 
mental music; Earl is married and living on the home farm; Mable is 
at home; and Raymond is twelve years old. 

Mr. Conner adheres to Democratic principles. He held the office 
of county commissioner for two terms, and was chairman of the board 
most of the time. During this time the county court house was built, 
and it is one of the public structures of which the county feels proud, 
both because of its architectural outlines and convenience and because it 
was built economically and without burdening the taxpayers with heavy 
debt. The last bond will be redeemed in 1904, and then the county will 
not have a cent of indebtedness. Mr. Conner as chairman helped draw 
the interior plans, and in many other ways assisted in the erection of the 
building at the lowest possible cost consistent w-ith good workmanship. 
The court house will compare in every way with any to be found in 
counties of the same size in the west, and it is so substantially con- 
structed that it will last for generations. Mr. and Mrs. Conner are 
identified with the Christian church, and enjoy the highest esteem of all 
with whom they are associated. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 191 

HENRY B. ERISMAN. 

Henry B. Erisinan, a prominent farmer in Douglas precinct, Glen 
Rock postoffice, is one of the thrifty and industrious men to whom 
Nemaha county and southeastern Nebraska owe tlieir most substantial 
development and progress. Thirty years ago Nebraska was one of the 
most uninviting p'laces for a sluggard or anyone not possessed of great 
energy and diligence and even courage for combatting the primitive con- 
ditions to be found at that time. But the proper kind of men came, settled 
and worked, and the result is that beautiful country which seems to the 
traveler almost paradisiacal. Mr. Erisman, while now the possessor of 
one of the fine farms of the county and in prosperous circumstances, 
began with nothing, and at one time was heavily in debt for his place. 
He deserves great credit for his successful career, and is highly esteemed 
both as a man and citizen. 

Mr. Erisman was born in Miami county, Ohio, March 7, 1847. 
His grandfather was a native of Germany and a farmer of Pennsyl- 
vania, where he died about 1848, leaving a large family, of whom there 
are now living four sons; Joseph, in Illinois; Christopher, in Ohio: 
Benjamin, in Ohio; and Emanuel^ in Ohio. 

Jacob Erisman, the father of Henry Erisman, was born in Pennsyl- 
vania in 1826 and died in Nemaha county in 1895. He was one of the 
first to come from Ohio to Nebraska, in 1865. He had a meat business 
at Brownville for a number of years. He began life without money, 
and at one time possessed ten thousand dollars. He and his wife were 
members of the Methodist church. He married Miss Fanny \\'hitmer, 
who was born in Pennsylvania, and is still living, in Washington pre- 
cinct, Nemaha county, active and bright at the age of sixty-three. Six 
of their nine children are still living: Henry is the oldest; Lillie is the 



192 SOJJTIIEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

wife of William Flack, in Washington precinct, and has seven children; 
Lincoln, a bachelor, lives on the old homestead of eighty acres, with 
his mother; Carrie is the wife of Mr. John Hastie, in Oklahoma, and has 
three sons and one daughter; Leroy, in Nemaha county, has two sons 
and one daughter; Lizzie is the wife of Charles Swift, in Garfield, Whit- 
man county, Washington, and has three children. 

Henry B. Erisman had only a limited education, and has known 
hard work from early boyhood. He left home at the age of twenty-one, 
and worked out until he was married. He bought his present farm of 
one hundred and sixty-nine and a half acres in 1894, and he has made 
all the improvements. He now has two hundred acres. He built his com- 
fortable two-story residence in 1899, and has all the conveniences which 
make the farm an ideal home. He grows about one hundred acres of 
corn, with an average yield of thirty-three bushels to the acre, and fifty 
acres of wheat; keeps twenty-five high-grade shorthorns, eight or ten 
horses and fifty hogs. At the beginning he was in debt on this -place 
$2940. but he is a hustler .and has made his property and more besides. 
His residence is surrounded by shade trees, and stand well back from the 
road, its embowered appearance suggesting cosiness and inviting com- 
fort, which, in fact, are always found in this home. 

February 24, 1884, Mr. Erisman was married to Miss Samantha 
Swift, who was born in Nemaha county in 1862, a daughter of Benja- 
min Swift and his first wife, both from Missouri. Seven children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Erisman : Carrie, aged eighteen, is in the 
Auburn high school, class of 1905; William, aged sixteen, is in the dis- 
trict school ; Fannie is thirteen ; Benjamin nine ; Bryan seven ; Grace four ; 
and one son died in infancy. Mr. Erisman now votes the Populist ticket, 
having come over from the Republican ranks. He has never sought 
office, but has held minor offices. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 193 

FRANK A. CARMONY. 

Frank A. Carmony, who has given three terms of satisfactory ser- 
vice as county superintendent of schools of Jefferson county, has spent 
the greater part of his Hfe in southeastern Nebraska, and is a well known 
and popular resident. He has given to educational matters the best 
efforts of his life, and has evinced special fitness for the duties which 
he is now performing. The office of superintendent is b}' no means 
a sinecure, and he has devoted all his energy and executive ability to 
the management of the complicated system under his charge. 

Mr. Carmony was born in Ringgold county, Iowa, Seotember 9, 
1873, a son of the well known grain dealer of Endicott, this county, 
J. W. Carmony and his wife Mary J. (Batten) Carmony, whose biog- 
raphies find place on other pages of this work. Mr. Carmony is one 
of four children, three sons and one daughter. He was reared in Iowa, 
Kansas and Nebraska, and from youth up has known farm work. He 
received his earlier education in Kansas and Nebraska, and later at- 
tended the Western Normal College at Shenandoah, Iowa, where he 
was graduated with the class of 1896. He was principal of the Reynolds, 
Nebraska, schools for some time, and his long experience in educa- 
tional work gives him a thorough equipment for the office to which he 
has been elected by the voters of the county. He has carried the county 
at each election by a good majority, and his administration meets with 
the approval of the best classes of citizens. 

Mr. Carmony is a Populist in politics, and has been active in party 
affairs and a delegate to the state conventions. In 1897 he was married 
to Miss Sadie H. Boggs. Mr. and Mrs. Carmony have one son, 
Arthur, who is five years old. They are members of the Presbyterian 
church, and are highly esteemed in the social circles of the county. 



194 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

WILLIAM H. LOHR. 

William H. Lohr, the popular and efficient postmaster at Howe, 
Xemaha county, and also the leading hardware merchant of the town, 
has been a resident of the county for twenty years, and is one of the long 
established and best known citizens. He has excellent qualifications both 
as a citizen and business man, and during his four years" incumbency of 
the office of postmaster has given one of the best administrations in the 
histor}' of the office. 

Mr. Lohr was born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, April 5, 1858. 
His grandfather, Andrew Lohr, was a native of Pennsylvania and a life- 
long farmer there. He married a j\Iiss Smith, of Franklin county, and 
she died at the age of seventy-six, while he survived and was about 
eighty-five years old at the time of his death. They reared all their 
ten children, six sons and four daughters, and all married but one and 
had a numerous progeny. Some of the sons served in the Civil war. 

Jacob Lohr, tlie father of ^Villiam H. Lohr, was born at Gettysburg, 
Pennsylvania, in 1828, and is now living, at the age of seventy-five, in 
Rock county, Minnesota, with his son George. He married Elizabeth 
Foutz, of the same locality in Pennsylvania, and her brothers were sol- 
diers in the Civil war. She died in the summer of 1880 at the age of 
fifty-two, leaving four of her six children. George, the eldest, born in 
1855, is in Rock county, Minnesota; John died in youth; Jacob died when 
about three years old; William H. is the next in order of birth; Mrs. 
Mary Jane Hopkins died at the age of twenty-eight, leaving three chil- 
dren ; Ellen is the wife of Jacob Harrison, in Rock county, Minnesota. 

William H. Lohr was reared on the farm in Pennsylvania and 
enjoyed a fair amount of schooling there. He left home at the age of 
eighteen, coming to Iowa, where he worked as a farm hand and also 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 195 

attended Tilford Academy. He began teaching school at the age of 
twenty-one, and was engaged in tliis pursuit altogether for fourteen 
years, both in Iowa and in Nebraska. He came to Nemaha county in 
1883. For the past ten years he has been engaged in the hardware 
business in Howe, enjoying a good trade in the town and county. Pros- 
perity has come to him through his years of efifort for self-advancement, 
and he deserves all he has gained, for he began life without capital and 
each step of progress has been the result of his own endeavors. He is a 
Republican in politics, and has held the postmastership for four years. 
He owns his home and his store building, and he is always willing to 
work for the town of his choice and do all in his power for its upbuilding. 
Mr. Lohr was married in Iowa in 1881 to Miss Amanda J. Mathews, 
w'ho was born in Ashland county, Ohio, in 1846, a daughter of John and 
Mrs. (Wolf) Mathews, natives of Ohio, now deceased as a result of a 
typhoid epidemic, which also took away two or three of their children. 
Two of their sons, Theodore aud George, are farmers in Nemaha county, 
and have families. John Mathews was a l)lacksmith by trade. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lohr lost their first child, a daughter, in infancy : Ethel is at home ; 
Ralph is a boy of fifteen and in school ; Inez is thirteen years old, and 
Lola is eleven. Mr. Lohr affiliates with the Woodmen of the World, has 
served as banker of the order and is now clerk, and ]\Irs. Lohr is a 
member of the Methodist church. 



WILLIAIM ARTHUR CLARK. 
William Arthur Clark, president of the Nebraska State Normal 
School at Peru, has a useful and creditable record as an educator, begin- 
ning with the teaching of his first school when he was fifteen years old. 
Many years of experience in schools of all grades from the old-fashioned 



196 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

"deestnct" temple of learning to the loremost institutions of higher learn- 
ing in this country, liave broadened his intellectual horizon and fortified 
ills powers for the responsible position which he now holds and for the 
career that still awaits him — now in the prime of his life and with his 
years of greatest usefulness before him. Education's progress and ad- 
\-ancement are the causes dearest to his heart and the goal of his ambition, 
and he has found a broad and ample field in his place as head of one of 
the most important educational training centers in the state of Nebraska, 
a commonwealth noted for its high intellectual standards and its wide 
dififusion of literary culture among the people. In the short time that 
Dr. Clark has been connected with the Nebraska State Normal he has not 
only maintained the high standard set by his predecessors but has notice- 
ably increased its educational efficiency in all departments. 

Dr. Clark was reared in Ohio. At tlie age of eleven, soon after his 
father's death, he entered the high school at \\'est Union, Adams county, 
and graduated from there at the age of fourteen. In his fifteenth year 
he secured a country school and taught six months for forty dollars a 
month. Following this early pedagogical experience, he entered the Nor- 
mal University of Ohio, from which he was graduated at the age of 
nineteen years. He taught a country school and also a village school, 
then became principal of his home high school, and for several years was 
principal or su])erintenilent of town schools. In 1880 he was appointed 
superintendent of the school of the Ohio Sailors' Orphans' Home at 
Xenia, and filled that position for two years. He was then called to his 
alma mater, the Normal L'niversity, as teacher of mathematics, and dur- 
ing the ten years that he filled that chair over fourteen thousands pupils, 
from all parts of the Union, received instruction from him and many 
of these ha\e in turn Ijecome teachers and filled other worthy places in the 
world's activitv. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 197 

111 1893 Dr. Clark resigned his position in the Normal University 
and entered Harvard University as a graduate student in mathematics, 
but left before the end of the year in order to become dean of the faculty 
of the ^^'estern Normal College at Lincoln Nebraska, where he spent 
one year as teacher of psychology and pedagogy, and a most busy year 
it was. for he delivered addresses in eighty-one of the ninety counties of 
the state in addition to other duties. From Lincoln he came to Peru 
and accepted the position of instructor in psychologv' and pedagogy in 
the State Normal, holding-this from 1895 to 1898. In the latter year 
he returned to Har\-ard and took work in pedagogy, psychology and 
philosophy. In 1899 Harvard X'nixersity awarded him the degree of 
A. ]\I. Li the same vear he was appointed to the fellowship in pedagogy 
in the L'niversity of Chicago, and in connection with his duties in that 
position taught educational psychology. He received the degree of 
Ph. D. from the L'niversity of Chicago in 1900, the subject of his 
Doctor's thesis being "Suggestion in Education." 

Dr. Clark was elected to the presidency of the Peru State Normal 
in 1900. He is an active member of the National Educational Associa- 
tion, is a member of the Nebraska Academy of Science, of the American 
Association for the Teaching of Speech to Deaf-mutes, and of the 
American Social Science Association. 

Dr. Clark is the author of se\eral small outline text-books on 
arithmetic, geography and physiology ; also magazine articles on educa- 
tional topics. He is at present writing a work on "Suggestion in 
Education" which will be an expansion of his Doctor's thesis. 



198 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

WILLIAM TYNON. 

\\'illiam Tynon is one of tlie best known and most prosperous 
agriculturists and stockmen of Nemaha county, and for thirty-five 
years lie has been at the forefront in that business. Possessed by 
inlieritance and nature witli an energetic and enterprising disposition 
and adapted by early training and inclination for tlie various departments 
of the stock industry, he has made it his life work and devoted his best 
years and efforts to building up an industry with which his name 
will always be connected in this section of Southeastern Nebraska. 

Mr. Tynon is the owner of an almost princely estate of ten hundred 
and forty acres situated two miles west and north of Peru, and this 
broad demesne is not only the scene of profitable and thorough agricul- 
tural enterprise but is also a place of beaut}', and in the summer no more 
grateful and pleasing view could meet the eyes than that of the waving 
grain fields, the meadows and pastures with the many herds, and the 
picturesque homestead centered in the midst of giant cottonwoods and 
groves of fruit and shade trees — the whole place alluring and inviting 
whether from the standpoint of the artistic-minded or seeker after rustic 
ease or that of the appreciative and business-like husbandman. i\Ir. 
Tynon bought all this land at an early day, and when prices were from 
ten to seventeen dollars an acre, but his acreage is now worth an average 
of fifty dollars per acre, and he was recently oft'ered fifty-five thousand 
dollars for the estate. He feeds yearly about three hundred cattle, 
shipping about two bunches of his own annually ; he also feeds many 
hogs, and in one year lost six thousand dollars from the ravages of 
cholera. His corn fields will aggregate about five hundred acres, averag- 
ing fifty bushels to the acre, and at present he feeds out about twenty 
thousand bushels of corn each year, although he does not go into the 
jtock-feeding business as heavily as he was wont a few years ago. For 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 199 

the past ten years he has had tenant farmers on tlie place, and has four 
tenant houses. Tlie fine large mansion which is the abode of so much 
open-hearted hospitality was erected in 1893. He has planted the one 
hundred apple trees and some of the shade trees, but the seven giant cot- 
tonwoods which are the chief arboreal adornment to the farmstead and 
one of the landmarks of all the country around, have been here for 
over forty years. He has about four miles of osage hedge about his 
place and the other fences are of wire, and all the barns and other up-to- 
date improvements he has placed on the farm since coming here. 

Mr. Tynon was born in county Kilkenny, Ireland, March 20, 1842. 
?Iis father, Patrick Tynon, was born on the same farm, and was a 
large dealer in horses and cattle and a tenant farmer on an extensive 
scale, often exhibiting stock at the weekly fairs throughout the United 
Kingdom, and also shipping much stock to Scotland and other places. 
He brought his family to America in 1S48, and after the long voyage 
from Liverpool to New York settled in Syracuse, New Xovk, being a 
man of means for that time. In 1851 he went to Joliet, Illinois, and 
bought a half section of land, and lived there until his death. He left 
a good estate, and was everywhere known as a man of integrity, honesty, 
thrift and well directed industry. His first wife and the mother of Mr. 
Tynon was Catherine Brennan, also of county Kilkenny, and she died 
in Ireland in 1844, leaving two sons. The son Andrew is now a stock 
rancher in Indian Territory, whither he removed after a number of 
years' residence in Nemaha county, Nebraska. Patrick Tynon was again 
married, but his second wife preceded him in death by twenty-four years. 
They had a number of children, but only two are now living: Catherine 
Cavanah, a widow in Joliet; and John Tynon, a retired coal dealer of 
Joliet, and has one son. 

William Tynon attended the district schools, and remained at home 



200 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

until his majority. In the spring of 1861 he went to Peoria, Ilhnois, 
and was a general helper and salesman in a drug store for over two 
years. Christmas, 1863, he returned to Joliet and remained with his 
father for some time, the later heing afflicted with the asthma. His 
brother had gone to Nemaha City, Xeljraska, and for se\eral years was 
successfully engaged in freighting across the plains, having two outfits 
and four yoke of oxen for each. Andrew Tynon, the cousin of ^^'illiam 
and Andrew, was also engaged in freighting with the latter, and was 
afterward engaged in the merchandising business at Peru, and is now a 
resident of Stella, Richardson county, Nebraska. William left Joliet 
in 1869 and went to visit this cousin in Peru, and this led to his perma- 
nent settlement in Nemaha county. He soon liegan to buy and ship cattle 
to Chicago, and this has l)een his leading enterprise ever since. During 
the early days he paid one hundred and thirty dollars per car, but this 
tariff has since been more than halved. He has shipped from six to 
eight cars at a time, and at an interval of every ten days during the busy 
season. He used to take his cattle across the Big Muddy on a flat boat, 
which was a slow and uncertain oi^eration, and made Phelps or ^^^^tson, 
in Missouri across from Brownville, his shipping points. 

Mr. Tynon was married in Chicago, July 30, 1871, to Miss Bridget 
Coonin, who was born near Joliet, Illinois, a daughter of Ed Coonin, of 
Canada. Eight children were born to "Sir. and ]\Irs. Tynon, as follows: 
Catherine, who graduated from the Peru Normal, where all the other 
children have likewise been educated, and is now principal of the graded 
school in Nebraska City; Elizabeth, who is helping her mother at home; 
IMary Agnes; Josephine; Alargaret ; William A., who is on the farm and 
purposes to follow farming as his occupation, although all his sisters 
have educated themselves for teachers; Louise, a teacher in this county; 
and Rosa, who will graduate from the normal school in the class of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 201 

1904. ]\Ir. Tynon is a Democrat in politics, and has served as scliool 
director for over twentv years. 



CHARLES CREUZ. 

Charles Crenz, one of the intelligent and progressive farmers in 
Bedford precinct, Sonth -\ubnrn postoffice, Nemaha county, has resided 
in this county for over twent}' years, and in this time has brought out one 
of the prettiest farms in the locality from the virgn sod of the prairie 
which had hardly been touched by the civilizing power of man when 
he first located upon it. Mr. Creuz has already passed the seventieth 
milestone on his life's journey, but is still working with almost undi- 
minished vigor, and many results will yet be apparent before the sun of 
his career sets. He began life without any capital, and from careful 
sa\'ings has gone forward step by step to independence and a prosperous 
position among his fellow citizens. Besides working- out hi=. indi\idual 
career, he has become the father of sons and daughters who are now 
filling honorable places in the wurld, and in matters of citizenship, also, 
he has not been lacking in the public spirit and readiness which are the 
qualities demanded by national loyalty and civic advancement. 

Mr. Creuz was born in W'uertemberg, Germany, September 17, 
1830, and was a son of John and Fredericka (Crummel) Creuz, who 
were parents of the following children: Charles; Christina, born in 
1833, is the wife of Christ Rau, a farmer in Eogan county, Illionis, and 
has eleven children; John, fiorn in 1837. is a farmer in Douglas county, 
Illinois, and has two children; Barliary, born in 1840, is the wife of 
John Auer, a wealth}' retiretl farmer, and has three sons living: Caroline, 



202 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

born in 1844, is the wife of John Mason, in eastern Ilhnois, and has one 
son and one daughter. The parents of these children were farmers, and 
came to the United States in 1854, making the trip in forty-six days. 
The father died in Coles county, Illinois, in 1855, '^t the age of fifty-two, 
and his wife, who was born in 1806, lived to the age of ninety-one 
years, one month and five days. Both of them rest in the Methodist 
churchyard in Edgar county, Illinois. 

Charles Creuz had al)out eight years' schooling in Germany, and 
at the age of twenty, on November 28, 1850, sailed from Bremen for 
the United States. After encountering fi\-e severe storms, which caused 
all to lose hope of ever reaching land again, and during which Mr, 
Creuz displayed as much fortitude of mind and body as did the best of 
the sailors, the ship landed at Baltimore in January. He came out to 
visit his uncle in Ohio, having barely enough money to get there. He 
arri\ed in Delaware county, Ohio, in January, and for the following three 
years worked out by the month. W^hen he was married in 1S55 he had 
about four hundred dollars, all saved from his earnings, and he began 
life as a tenant farmer. He and his brother John owned one hundred 
and eighty acres in common for a time, but in 1880 he sold and came to 
Nemaha county. Nebraska. He bought one hundred and seventy-si.x 
acres for two thousand dollars, and then \\ent back to Illinois and 
brought his family to liis new land in February, 1882. This was all 
prairie land in the state of nature's dress, and in the twenty years since 
then it has become as fine a farm as one could wish to see. His first 
house was of two rooms, to which he has since added until he has a com- 
fortable abode of six rooms. He built a good barn in 189 1. Mr. Creuz 
was fifty-three years old when he was planting his orchard, and a neigh- 
bor woman remarked in passing, "The old fool is out planting trees, 
and he will never live to eat the fruit." But the orchard of one hundred 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 203 

and twenty-five trees has borne fruit many times since that day, as many 
other improvements to the place iia\e served their days of usefuhiess and 
been replaced \vith others. But he is not yet weary of well-doing, for he 
believes that the good he does here will live after him, and every good 
deed will bear its fruit, if not for him, for those that come after, and 
thus the world will be Ijetter for his effort. 

July 2J, 1855, Mr. Creuz was married to Miss Cynthia Summers, 
who was born March 22, 1830, in Cincinnati, Ohio, a daughter of John 
and Elizabeth (^^'ite) Summers. The former had a cooper shop in 
Cincinnati, and in 1831 he fell a victim to the cholera scourge, as did 
also his wife and all the relatives. Cynthia, who was the only child, 
was adopted by a ]\Ir. McFaren, and from an early age she knew the 
life of toil, and had meager schooling. She met Mr. Creuz about a 
year before they were married. Imvc children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Creuz, as follows : Jonathan Jackson is a tenant farmer in 
Oklahoma, and has lost his second wife and has six children, the son 
Luther living here with his grandparents; Clara is the wife of George 
Gillen, of Oklahoma, and has four children; Herman is a well-to-do 
farmer in Oklahoma, owning one hundred and sixty acres, and has nine 
children; Charles is a farmer in Clay county, Nebraska, and has eight 
children; and Franklin owns a farm of one hundred and sixty acres in 
Oklahoma, and has three children. Mr. and Mrs. Creuz have twenty- 
nine grandchildren li\-ing, and ha\e lost five. Mr. Creuz has a good 
picture of his mother which was taken when she was about ninety years 
old, one year before her death. Mr. Creuz and his wife are Lutherans, 
and he is a Republican in politics. They are still active, although j\lrs. 
Creuz has the rheumatism much of the time, and it is to be hoped that 
they may live many more years to adorn the county and community in 
which they have done such useful service in the past. 



204 • SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

HON. THOMAS JEFFERSON MAJORS. 

Hon. Thomas Jefferson Majors, ex-lieutenant governor of the 
state of Nebraska and one of the most prominent figures in the agricul- 
tural, financial, public and political life of Nemaha county, is a pioneer 
and old-time settler of this part of Southeastern Nebraska, Avhere he 
first took up his residence in June, 1859. From the very first lie took 
a foremost part in the county's development. He has had an extreme- 
ly prosperous career from a material point of view, but his place in 
the c<immunity and state is not due to his financial success, for he has 
given some r)f his best efforts to public enterprises. He is honored as 
a veteran of the Ci\-il war, in which he rose from the rank of lieutenant 
to colonel, and bad a creditable record of fi\-e years' service to his coun- 
try. Fie has been again and again -sent to the state balls of legislature, 
as \\ell as to the second executive office of the commonwealth. Educa- 
tional progress also owes much to Mr. ^Majors, and wherever he has 
touched the life of the comnmnity be has left his impress for good and 
advancement. 

j\[r. Majors was born at Libertyville, Jefferson county, Iowa, June 
25, 1 841. His Scotch-Irish ancestors from the north of Ireland settled 
in this country many generations ago. and the family has always been 
a race of stalwarts in physique and mentality, and as a rule there have 
been large families of children. Mr. Majors' great-grandfather was a 
Kentuckian. liut the son of a South Carolinan. Elijah ?^lajors, the 
grandfather of ]\lr. ]\lajors, was a native of Simpson county, Kentucky, 
born during the earliest days of that commonwealth. He owned a 
large plantation, worked by slaves, but his sons did not favor the "pecu- 
liar institution," although during the Ci\il war some were ranged on 
the side of the north and others with the south. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 205 

Sterling P. ?\Iajors, the father oi Mr. Majors, was born in Simp- 
son county, Kentucky, in April, 1819, and died in Nebraska, July 13, 
1886, his remains resting in the cemetery at Peru. He had the follow- 
ing brothers and sisters: Alexander ^lajors, a stone and brick mason 
and contractor in Kentucky, Illinois and Iowa, and he died in the last 
named state when past middle life, leaving three sons and one daugh- 
ter; Katie, the wife of Henry Hart, died in Illinois at an advanced age, 
lea\-ing four sons and four daughters; Mary, the wife of .\mos Hart, a 
farmer in Sangamon county, Illinois, left three sons and one daughter. 

Sterling P. Majors was married in Lee county, Iowa, to Miss Ann 
Brown, who was born in Simpson county, Kentucky, March 18, 1820, 
a daughter of ^A'illiam and Mary (Ingraham) Brown. There were 
ele\-en children of this union, of whom fi\-e grew up, as follows : Sarah, the 
widow of \\'. G. Glasgow, in Peru, has si.\ living children, three sons 
and three daughters, and twenty-three grandchildren, havir.g lost one; 
Thomas J. is the next oldest ; \\'ilson E. Majors lives in Peru ; Lizzie 
is the wife of C. G. Dorsey, of Kansas City, Missouri, and has two liv- 
ing children : John F. was a merchant in Bradshaw, Nebraska, where 
he died in January, 1897, leaving a wife and seven children, with a 
small estate. 

The following is the obituary of Sterling P. Majors: "Hon. S. P. 
Majors, born in Kentucky, April 2-. 1819; reared on a farm and had 
a common schooling during winters until sixteen; learned the brick and 
stonemason trade and worked at it for several years ; studied law and 
was admitted, but was a merchant many years and well-to-do, although 
he met losses; his later years were spent in agriculture; moved to Iowa 
from Illinois, where he and his wife had gone in childhood, and lived 
in Iowa from 1837 to 1861, when he came to Nebraska; was a [Meth- 
odist, and an active and efficient official most of his life." 



2o6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Tliomas Jefferson Majors was reared in Libertyville, Iowa, en- 
joyed a liberal schooling, and as his father was a prominent merchant 
of that town he early became familiar with mercantile affairs. On June 
15, 1861, when he lacked a few days of being twenty years old, he en- 
listed in the First Nebraska Infantry as first lieutenant of his com- 
pany. He participated in the engagement at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, 
siege of Corinth, Memphis, Helena, Cape Girardeau and numerous 
minor battles. \Miile in Arkansas the regiment re-enlisted, and was 
then sent to the western frontier to hold the Indians in check. Mr. 
Majors spent the last two years of his service on the plains. He was 
mustered out at Omaha, July i, 1866, and during this five years of 
army life had spent one month in the hospital at Pilot Knob, Missouri, 
ill with pneumonia. 

After this gallant career as a soldier he returned to Peru_, Nebraska, 
where he had settled in 1859 and engaged in the mercantile business, 
and now resumed his activity in that line. In the fall of 1866 he was 
elected to the territorial council, and in the next year was elected to the 
first state senate, being re-elected. The first important act he did while 
in the senate was to introduce and carry through the bill providing for 
the State Normal School to be located in Peru, thus conferring inesti- 
mable benefit upon his adopted town. For a time he was assessor of 
internal revenue for district of Nebraska. He served for three 
successive terms as the representative of his county in the state legisla- 
ture and in 1887 was elected to the state senate and in 1889 again re- 
turned to the house. In 1891 he was elected lieutenant governor of 
the state, and re-elected in 1893. In 1894 he was the Republican nomi- 
nee for governor, but by the margin of three thousand votes was de- 
feated by Silas Holcomb. He is still active in politics, and has always 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 207 

wielded much influence in party councils in liis own county and in the 
state. 

In August 1870, Mr. j\lajors was married to Miss Isabelle Bush- 
ong, who was born in Bureau C(iunty, Illinois, a daughter of John and 
Lucinda (Munson) Bushong, who were natives, respectively, of Tennes- 
see and New York, and are now deceased. Her father, who \vas a 
prominent farmer, in 1893 recei\ed some votes for the United States 
senate. ]\Irs. Majors is a lady of much intelligence and culture, and 
is a skilled musician. Ten children have been born to ]\lr. and ^Slrs. 
Majors, but li\e died when young. Frank Majors is a graduate of 
the Peru normal and the Law Department of the State University at 
Lincoln, and is now an attorney in North Yakima, Washington: James, 
a farmer on one of his father's farms, is married and has two daughters; 
Thomas is married and is the station agent of the Burlington Railroad 
at Rockford, Nebraska ; Charles is at home and unmarried ; and Gladys, 
aged fourteen, is attending the normal school. 

Air. Majors is a Mason of thirty-six years' standing and has at- 
tained the thirty-third degree, and all his sons are members of that 
fraternity. He is also prominent in the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and is a past department commander. Since retiring from his mercan- 
tile business in 1878, Mr. Majors has given his attention to his real 
estate interests. He owns eighteen hundred acres of farm lands, be- 
sides residence property in Peru. He was one of the organizers and is 
a' director of the only bank in Peru. His home farm consists of eight 
hundred acres, and he located upon it in 1870. He has recently erected 
not onlv the finest residence in Peru but in the entire county, and it 
is a place of architectural beauty, comfort and homelike elegance. The 
building is strictly "home-made." The brick which forms its walls 
was burned on his own land, and the timbers for the frame work grew 



2o8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

on his place. Its dimensions are forty-eiglit and forty-eight feet, with 
basement, two full stories above, and the top floor being practically a 
story. It contains a Grand Army hall and rooms for the Women's Re- 
lief Corps. It is finished in cjuarter-oak. is heated throughout ■with the 
latest hot water apparatus, and has all the comforts and conveniences 
of the urban home. It is situated under the Iiluffs. facing the east, and 
is siu'rijunded with a spacious lawn and abundance of shade trees. 
Here it is the privilege of Mr. Majors to enjoy what his career of in- 
dividual effort and public-spirited endeavor ha\-e brought him, and 
his own genial good nature and the open-hearted hospitality of the 
family make this a home -which a guest, once welcomed, loths to lea\-e 
and longs to revisit. 

HARVEY J. CALLEX. 

Harvey J. Callen, one of the prominent grain dealers of South- 
eastern Nebraska, has been in business in South Auburn, Nemaha coun- 
ty, for a number of years, and is one of the well known citizens of 
that place. Besides being concerned in many of the business interests of 
the town, he has taken a due part in social, political and religious ac- 
tivities, and is in all things a public-spirited citizen who may be de- 
pended upon for influence and aid in promoting the progress and de- 
velopment of his town and community. 

]\Ir. Callen's grandfather was Edward Callen, of Tennessee, who 
married ^Nliss Martha Cate, also of that state. He was of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry and she of German, and they had five children, one of the 
sons dying wdiile in the service of the Union during the Civil war. 
Grandfather Callen was a large and rugged man, and lived to be about 
seventv vears old. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 209 

Prvor L. Callen. tlie father of Harvey J. Callen. was born in east- 
ern Tennessee in September. 1827. and in 1833 came from that state 
to Appan(.>ose county, Iowa, wliere in 1855 be was married to ATiss 
Lementine America Hays, who was born near Xash\'ille, Tennessee, in 
iS;^;},. Pryor L. Callen was a pioneer farmer of tliis part of biwa. taking- 
up eighty acres of land, and is now the owner of two hundred acres, al- 
though he lives in Des ]\biines. He and his wife were parents of the 
following children : Har\ey J. : Preston Alex is a contractor and 
builder of Des Moines, and is married: Edward is in business with 
Har\-ey in Auburn, and is married: John A. Logan Callen is a con- 
tractor and builder of Des Moines and has two sons and two daughters: 
Ella, wife of J.- B. Kenyon, of Center\ille, bnva, has one son: Frank 
Ha)s Callen, a grain dealer of Marquette, Xeliraska, has six children : 
Mvrtle died at the age of three; Ceorge P. is a contractor and builder 
of Des Moines, and is single: Mrs. Lora Spurgeon, whose husband is a 
farmer near Center\ille, biwa, has two children. 

Harvey J. Callen was born in .-\ppanoose county. b>wa. March 19, 
1856. Being the oldest of the family be had to work from an early 
age, although be obtained good schooling in the public schools. He left 
the home farm and b)wa in 1879 and came to Hamilton county, Ne- 
braska, where for two years he was engaged in the farm implement 
business at Aurora. He later came to South Auburn, and the firm 
of H. J. Callen and Comjiany has two elevators in this city and is 
doing an cxten-^ive business in handling grain. W. H. Furguson. of 
Hastings, Nebraska, is the comjiany part of the firm, and is one of the 
large speciilators and grain men of the state, ba\"ing about eighty 
ele\'ntors in \arious towns o\er a large area. Mr. Callen is also a 
stockholder in the new fine brick hotel, called Avenue Hotel, in Auburn, 



2IO SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

and besides his own comfortable home on ^Maxwell street owns consid- 
erable other city property. 

On Christmas day of 1880 ]\Ir. Callen married Aliss Ellen Hiatt, 
who was one of his schoolmates in Iowa, and is a daughter of Oren A. 
Hiatt by his first wife, both of whom were natives of North Carolina. 
Her father is now living- ^^■ith his third wife, and has four children by 
his first ^^■ife and five living by his third wife. Three children have 
been born to ]\Ir. and ]Mrs. Callen ; Irene Clen. who died at the age of 
nine years; Ernest Ray. who died at the age of eighteen; and Fay, a 
girl of thirteen. ]\[r. Callen afliliates with the Ancient Order of United 
\\'orkmen and the Modern \\'oodmen, and is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, of ^\•hich lie has been trustee for nine years. He 
votes the Republican ticket, but has ne\er aspired to office. He is a 
good citizen, and he and his family are held in the highest esteem 
wherever known. 



AUGUST ECKHARDT. 

August Eckhardt. who resides on section 33, Clay township, Pawnee 
county, Nebraska, is one of the old settlers of this locality and an 
e.x-soldier of the Ci\il war. He was born in Germany, December 5, 
1840. His father was a sergeant in the German army for twenty-five 
years. He married Elizabetli W'asniann, and their children were as 
follows: Lillie, who died in the United States; Anna, of Illinois; and 
August. 

August Eckhardt was educated in Germany until he was thirteen 
years of age, when he came to the United States, and after a voyage of 
eighteen days landed upon .\merican soil. He at once proceeded to 




AUGUST ECKHARDT 



I 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 211 

Cook county, Illinois, and tlience went to Tazewell county, Illinois. In 
1872 he removed to Pawnee county, Nebraska. On September 5, 1861, 
he enlisted at Ottawa, LaSalle county, Illinois, in Company H, of the 
Fourth Illinois Cavalry, Colonel Hoyd Dickey, of Ottawa, and Captain 
Wimple, of Pulaski, commanding. The regiment was sent to Belmont, 
Kentucky, and later to Forts Henry and Donelson. still later to Shiloh, 
and finally Mr. Eckhardt was placed on the body guard of General 
Grant, and participated in the wonderful cam]iaigns of the famous general. 
At Corinth he had a horse shot under him. The animal fell upon Mr. 
Eckhardt, injuring him so seriously that he has never fully recovered, 
and will always suffer from the effects of the terrible wound. On 
account of it, after a long siege in the hospital, he was honorably dis- 
charged and returned to his Illinois home. 

On February 12, 1867, Mr. Eckhardt was married at Delavan, 
Tazewell county, Illinois, to Rachel F. W'ertz, a daughter of John and 
Catherine (Hauk) W'ertz, natives of St. Thomas. Pennsylvania, who 
removed to Illinois in 1864. where both died. Mr. and Mrs. Eckhardt 
are very well and favorably known and have many frie\uls not only in 
Clay township, but throughout the county. 



WILLIAM HOLROYD. 

William Holroyd, living retired from active life in his pleasant 
country home in Glen Rock precinct, Xemaha county, Nebraska, is one 
of the pioneer citizens of this locality, and is enjoying now the rest 
and comfort to which he is entitled after long years of careful manage- 
ment and honest toil. 

Mr. Holroyd is an Englishman by birth. He is a native of York- 



212 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

shire, and was born October ii, 1829, son of John Holroyd. The latter 
also a native of Yorkshire. England, was born about 1807, and died 
there about 1863, leaving his widow and eight of their nine children. 
He was a manufacturer of steel, in which business he brought up his 
sons, and he also gave them good schooling ad\-antages. 

William H<ilroyd first came to America in 1853. with \\\it and 
one child, in a sail vessel, landing in Xew York after a \'oyage of twenty- 
eight da}-s. At Pittsburg he was employed in a steel mill for o\-er a 
}ear, when he returned to England taking his ^^ife with him. Later 
he again went to \\-ork in the Pittsburg steel mill, and remained there 
another year. In the spriiig of 1855 he came to Nebraska, landing at 
P)rown\ille on May iitli. and here he purchased nne hundred and 
sixty acres of government land, at ."^i.^^ per acres, and estalilished 
his home in a log cabin, sixteen by twenty-t\\o feet in dimensions, hav- 
ing two rooms, one upstairs and one down. But few improvements 
had been made in this part of the country at that time, and the Indians 
were still here — not hostile, however. Game of \-arious kinds was 
plenty, and '\]x. Holroyd recalls the fact tliat in the early days of their 
settlement here he supplied the larder with vensinn. Their western 
i')U.rney was made b}- boat and on the wa}- he stopj^ed in Inwa. When 
he came here he lirought a yoke of oxen of his brother-in-law Thomas 
Mosley. Here he has been interested in farming all these years, with 
the exceiJtion of four years during the Civil \\ar, when he returned 
to Pittsburg and made good wages in the mill. He now owns two 
hundred acres of well improved land; with its long stretches of neatly 
trimmed hedge and its well kept buildings, including the two residences 
(one occupied by himself and one by his son), barns and other build- 
ings. .And his land is stocked with high-grade horses, cattle and hogs. 

Mr. Holrovd is the father of ten children, one born in Englanil, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 213 

line in I'ittsburg and the otliers in Xehraska. Those now li\-ing are: 
Echvin. a farmer in Oklahoma territory, lias a wife and four chilch'en ; 
Eveline, wife of Erank Comstock. a farmer living southeast of Auburn, 
has one son and four daughters: and \\'ilfred, a farmer. The mother 
of his children, whose maiden name was Eliza Alosley. and who was 
a native of Yorkshire, England, died May 22, 1879. at the age of 
fifty-one years. March 3. iSSi. Mr. Hojroyd married Mrs. Marv L. 
\\'ilson. nee Biddle. widow of David Wilson, who died in \\'isconsin. 
Iea\ing her and an adopted son. Mrs. Holroyd was born in ^Vashing■ton 
county. Xew York. December 25. 1829. daughter of John and Joanah 
( \'an Patten) Biddle, the former a native of Xew York and the 
latter of Xew Jersey. In the Riddle family were eleven children, four 
of whom reached adult age: Mrs. Holrdyd and her lirother Henry. 
\\ho resides in X'r.rth Park, C<ilorado. are the only sur\-i\-ars. 

Mr. Holroyd has usually been a sup])orter of the RejmbHcan party. 
Recently, howex'er. he has \oted the indejiendent ticket. 



ALBERT C. LEEPER. 

Albert C. Leeper. one of the prosperous farmers and highly re- 
spected citizens of Douglas township. Xemalia county. Xebraska, set- 
tled liere in 187J, and has been identified with this kicality f(ir more 
than three decades. A brief re\•ie\^• of his life is as fcjllows: 

Albert C. Leeper was Ix^rn in Cass county. Blinois. .\pril 9. 1851, 
and belongs to a family several generations of which have been agricul- 
turists. The family have records dating back as far as 1700. showing 
Mathew Leeper. the great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, tn 
have been the owner of a large tract of land. Leeper township in 



i . 



214 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Bureau county, Illinois, \vas named in honor of this family. Albert C. 
Leeper's grandfather. Robert Txeper, \vas born either in Virginia or 
Kentucky. In the latter state he lived for a number of years. He 
married a Miss Somers, and they were the parents of seven children, 
viz. : Enmatyre, William Dudley, Samuel, Elizabeth, John, Martha 
and Mary. The mother of these children died in Kentucky. The 
father subsequently went to Illinois, where he married a second wife 
and had two children — Robert and Nancy. He died in Illinois, in 1844, 
at the age of sixty years. 

William Dudley Leeper was born in Kentucky, I'ebruary 17, 181 7, 
and died in Cass county, Illinois, March 25, 1866. He married in 
Cass county, Illinois. January i, 1848, Mary Ann Run}-an, a native of 
Gallatin county, Kentucky, born in 1832. daughter of Wilson Runyan. 
After their marriage tliey settled on sixty acres of land, a part of his 
father's estate, where their family was reare<l. Of their six children, 
three are now li\ing: George \\'., of Cass cmmty. Illinois: Albert C. 
whose name introduces this article; and Arthur A., a lawyer and an 
ex-state senator of Illinois. The mother of this family died in 1857, 
and the father afterward wedded ]Miss ^laria Hermeyer. who bore him 
a daughter and son. Mary E. and Henry S. The second wife (bed 
Febrviary 6, 1898, at the age of sixty-five years. 

Albert C. Leeper received a fair common school education. In 
1872, on reaching his majority, he left home and came to Nemaha coun- 
ty, Nebraska, where he bought one hundred and sixty acres of rich 
prairie land, at ten dollars per acre. From its jjrimitive condition he has 
developed his land to its present high state of cultivation and improve- 
ment. Here we now find three-fourths of a mile of hedge fence, shade 
trees and fruit trees (one hundrd and fifty of which are apple), and a 
comfortable residence, barns, granaries, etc. In connection with his 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 215 

general farming Mr. Leeper has always gi\-en more or less attention 
to stock-raising. It is worthy of note that he fed and sold the first car- 
load of cattle shipped from Auhurii. 

Mr. Leeper has a wife and six children. ]\lrs. Leeper was hefore 
her marriage Miss Cyntha Ethleen ^^'ood. She is a native of Crawford 
county. Indiana, and a daughter of Eli and Sallie A. (Stewart) Wood, 
natives of Indiana and now residents of Custer count)-. Oklahoma. The 
Wood family comprised four children, Mrs. Leeper being the eldest. 
Of the others we record that Eunice, now Mrs. Hollar, resides in Okla- 
homa ; Wallace S. also is in Oklahoma : and Jeanette died at the age of 
five years. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Leeper are: A'ida E., a 
teacher, now living with her grandparents in OklalK mia ; .\nnie E., 
Nellie. Dudley W., Bessie and Dale R. 

Politically, ^Ir. Leejjer is a Populist and a Bryanite, antl fraternal- 
ly he is identified with the F. and A. j\1. and A. O. l\ W. He has 
always taken an acti\-e interest in local affairs, and has served twelve 
years as school director in his district. Mrs. Leeper is a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. 



ALBERT KOEPPEL. 

Albert Koeppel, who has been numbered among the thrifty, ener- 
getic and prosperous agriculturists of Southeastern Nebraska since the 
loth of September, 1867, has his present beautiful farm in Peru precinct, 
about a mile west of the town. When he came to this state he had to 
begin operations with little money and consecjuently crude means of 
living and of preparing the soil for the raising of crops. The shell of a 
house which he erected for his first domicile he still remembers as a 



2i6 • SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

scene of liap])iness but of Ixireness and lack of comfort, luit that has long 
since gi\en place to an abode of neat and pleasing- exterior, of ciimfort and 
gijcid cbeer within, and. withal, a home worth striving for and a fit re- 
ward for a life of toil_ and early privation in a frontier country. 

]\[r. ICoeppel. who thus took up his residence in the new state of 
Nebraska nearlv thirtv-se\-en years ago. was born near Halle. Saxony, 
Germany. August 26. T844. His father. August Koeppel. born De- 
cember 10. 1814. \\as an overseer of a coal mine, and was in good cir- 
cumstances and gave his children good advantages. He died in 1885, 
at the age of seventy-one years. He married Augusta Knap])e, of 
^^■ettiu. in i8_^8. and they had tweUe children, three sons and nine 
daughters, seven of whom grew up. namely; Louisa is the wife of Will- 
iam Damme, of Halle: Alliert is the second oldest: .August is a well-to- 
do farmer seven miles southwest of Fairliury. Nebraska, and has three 
daughters: Louis is a baker in Nebraska City, and has fi\e children 
living: Alary is married and has three children living: Emily lives in 
C'icrnruiv and has six children: Au.gusta. who was the olilest of the 
family, came to America in \'t^C^y with her brother Alliert. and she died 
in Neliraska without leaving any children. The mother of these children 
preceded her husband in death by one year, passing away in 1884. at 
the age of sixty-eight years. 

Albert Noeppel was reared in his native place, and from the age 
of fourteen until he was nineteen worked in the mines. At the latter 
a,ge he entered the (lerman army, and gave three )-ears and four months' 
service to his emperor, bein,g in fixe battles during the course of Austro- 
Hungarian and Prussian \\ar, never failing to report for duty at a 
single roll call. In the spring of 1867 his brother August came to 
America, and in the fall he and his sister followed. He had some 
monev on his arrixal here, and he first took ui) his residence in Sidney, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 217 

Ii)\va, where he remained fur a year witli his uncle. William Knappe, 
who had come tn this CDuntry in 184S, haxing spent sixtv-nine davs 
Dn the water. In 1869 Mr. Koeppel left Sidney and came to Otoe 
county. Nebraska, wliere he bought eight}" acres of raw praire land 
for two hundred dollars. He at once began the task of improving this 
purchase, and built for his shelter a frame house sixteen by twenty-four 
feet, of one story, and in this he made his home until iSjf). He pur- 
chased his ]iresent farm of eighty-fi\-e acres in iSgi. paying twent\'-one 
hundred and twenty-fi\e dollars for it. with its good improvements, con- 
sisting of a brick residence and an orchard. In 1894 he erected liis good 
barn, anfl he has also planted a new apple and peach orchard in the 
spring of 1904. He does a general farming luisiness, growing from 
twelve to eighteen hundred bushels of corn and raising a numlier -of 
liogs. 

On January 23. 1873. ^ memorable day to all Xebraskans and 
doubly so to Mr. Koeppel. on which da}' the mercury fell to the unpre- 
cedented mark of tliirty-six degrees below zero, he was married to 
Mrs. Kathrina Provost, who was born in Switzerland in 1843, a daugh- 
ter of John Griuet. a carpenter. In 1S50 her parents brought her to 
America, being twenty-two days on the passage to Xew Orleans, whence 
they went to St. Louis. Six children were born to :Mr. and Mrs. Koep- 
pel : Oliver, born in Otoe county, died at nine months; Mary is the 
wife of Frank Ivers, of Peru, and has two sons: Emma is the wife of 
Charles Patterson, of Oregon, and has two sons and a daughter; 
Theresa died in Otoe county, aged twenty-two months: Edward is a 
farmer and has a wife and one son; and P>ertha is the wife of Arthur 
Simpson, a farmer in London jirecinct, and has one son. Mr. Koeppel 
is an independent voter, and is indifferent as to political preferment. 
He is now serving his district as school director. 



2i8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

WILLIAM WATSON. 

This venerable citizen and retired farmer of Auburn, Nebraska, is 
of Scotch birth and parentage. Mr. Watson first saw the Hght of day 
in the county of Edinburg, Scotland, January 12, 1824. His father, 
William Watson, a coal miner by occupation, was born in the same 
place, about 1791 ; and his mother, \\hose maiden name was Jane Shan- 
non, was also a native of Edinburg county. In their family were nine 
children, all of whom married, except two daughters. The fourth in 
order of birth was William. 

William Watson was reared and married in his native land, and 
was occupied in the coal mines of Scotland until 1851, when he emi- 
grated to America, accompanied by his wife and four children. He had 
just money enough with which to purchase their passage to this coun- 
try, the voyage was made in a sail vessel and they were six weeks and 
two days from Liverpool xo New Orleans. Eight days later they landed 
in St. Louis. The first night on their trip up the ^Mississippi the boat 
sprang a leak, the passengers were put ashore at midnight, where they 
remaine<l until the trouble was o\-ercome and the journey could be con- 
tinued. Arri\ed in St. Louis, ]\Ir. Watson soon found employment, 
mining coal near that city, and worked there six years, receiving two to 
five dollars per dav. In 1857 he, with one hundred others, came to 
Nemaha county, Nebraska, expecting to homestead land. Their plans 
were changed, however, and ?\Ir. Watson bought eighty acres, four 
miles southwest of Auburn. He entered one hundred and sixty acres, 
and by paying one hundred and sixty dollars to a land speculator and 
relinquishing eight}- acres he was deeded eighty acres. He paid forty 
percent interest. His first work here was to build a little cabin of logs, 
hewing them on the inside, and into this humble home he moved his 
family. Some years later he built a substantial stone house, thirty-four 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 219 

by twenty-four feet in dimensions, two stories. He quarried the rock 
and dressed it and burned liis own lime for Iniilding purposes, doing all 
the work himself, alone, from the foundation to the roof. And the 
house is standing to-day as solid as e\er. ^Ir. \Vatson added to his farm 
until he had two hundred acres, which he sold in 1901. He has done 
no farming, however, since 1898, when he retired, after forty years 
spent as a successful agriculturist. In 1898 he bought and moved into 
his present residence, which had just been built. 

Mr. Watson married, in 1845, ^^'ss Margaret McNeil, a native of 
Lanarkshire, Scotland, bom April 9, 1825, daughter of Daniel and Mary 
(McCollins) McNeil. Her father, who was a coal miner, was accident- 
ally killed in the mines, in the prime of life; and her mother kept the 
little family, two sons and two daughters, together and reared them by 
her own efiforts. She died in Scotland at an advanced age. The chil- 
dren all grew up and married and have children of their own, and all 
are still living. ^Ir. and Mrs. Watson have ten children, namely: Will- 
iam, who is married and has one son and one daughter, owns and occu- 
pies a part of the old homestead ; Mary, who resides with her parents, 
is the widow of Ephraim ^lilton Long, and has five children, all married 
and settled in life; Daniel, an Oklahoma farmer, has a wife and eleven 
children: James, also of Oklahoma, is a farmer and stone-layer, doing 
fine mosaic work, and is married and has ten children: Margaret, wife 
of Joseph Snurr, of Dawson county, Neliraska, has two sons and one 
daughter: Jane, wife of Robert Bryant, a furniture manufacturer of 
Omaha, Nebraska, has one son and two daughters ; Robert, a blacksmith 
of Howe, Neliraska, has a wife, son and daughter: Agnes, wife of 
George Harmon, of Auburn, has one son and three daughters; Euphemy, 
wife of William Myers, a farmer of Bedford township, Nemaha county, 
has a son and a daughter : and David, engaged in farming in Nemaha 



220 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

county, lias wife, one son and two daugliters, tlie family at this writing 
numbering twent\'-six grandsons and twenty-one granddaugliters, and 
the great-grandchildren number twent}'-one. 

Politically Mr. Watson was for years a Republican, but recently 
he has af^filiated with the Populist party. He and his good wife are 
de\oted members of the Church of God: both \\ere reared in the Presby- 
terian church. ^Ir. A\'atson inherited to a marked degree the strong 
constitution peculiar to his nationality. Some time ago while nccupied 
in painting his building, he fell from a ladder and sustained se\ere in- 
juries, from ^^•hich be has never recovered, and he now goes about on 
crutches. Notwithstanding this, he is still remarkably active, both men- 
tally and physically, for one of his }-ears, since be has entered the oc- 
togenarian ranks. 



CHARLES B. HURST. 
Charles B. Hurst, a prosperous agriculturist residing in Peru. Ne- 
braska, is an old settler of this vicinity, having taken up his residence 
across the river in Missouri over furty-fixc years ago, and his large 
farm still being situated there. He has arrived at a creditable degree 
of prosperity through his own efforts, and is a strictly self-made man. 
He began life bv working for wages and gradually got ahead in the 
world, until by his con.stant diligence and economy he had a working 
ca])ital and has since made ample pr(i\-ision fur bis own declining years 
and done much for his family. Mr. Hurst has all the substantial qual- 
ities of citizenship which form the strength of a great nation, and his 
capable performance of the duties connected with bis individual career, 
with his responsibilities as head of a faniil}'. and as a member of so- 
ciety- and a unit of the community and state, furnishes good grounds 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 221 

for the esteem in which lie is e\-er\\vhere held by his friends and as- 
sociates. 

Mr. Hurst was born in Pickaway county, Ohio. September 13, 
1S42. His grandfather, Levi Hurst, was of Scotch stock and probably 
a nati\-e of Scotland. He was a farmer by occupation, and came to 
America in an earlv day, mmino- from the place of his first settlement, 
in [Maryland, to Chilliccitlie, Ohi", in 1798, where he died in 1856, at 
the age nf ninety-two years, and his wife died several years later, at 
the age of ninet\--three. They lip.d begun life \-ery humbly, grandmoth- 
er Hurst having been married in her bare feet, Init they were strong 
atifl industrious and in time gained a fair share of this \\'orld's goods, as 
well as the esteem of all within the circle nf their influence. There 
large family of sons and daughters settled in different states of the 
west, in Indiana, Iowa and [Missouri. Levi Hurst was a fine fiddler, and 
furnished many hours of ])Ieasure to the family, and especially tn [Mr. 
Hurst's father, who was a natural dancer. But when about thirty years 
of age he was converted and joined the Methodist church. After this 
his religions feelings led him to believe that the fiddle was an unholy 
thing and a temptation to the spirit, so notwithstanding the almost tear- 
ful remonstrances of his son, he kindled a fire on the hearth and placed 
the beloved instrument, for which he paid a large sum of money, in the 
dames, for conscience's sake. 

James Hurst, the father of Charles P.. Hurst, was born on the Isle 
(if Man, December 7, 170 [. His first wife was Betsey Williams, who 
died leaving the follo\\ ing four children: \\'illiam E., who was born 
in Ohio and died in Holt county, Missouri, in 1888, at an advanced age, 
leaving four sons and one tlaughter; Betsey .\nn, wife of Palmer Low, 
in Columbus, Ohio, and the mother of one son and rme daughter; Caro- 
line, the widow of Hiram Crenshaw, but bv her first husband, JMadison 



222 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Shackleford, a Methodist minister, slie had six children ; and Henry H., 
who died in Clrand Junction, Tennessee, and was twice married, having 
had one son and two daughters by In's first wife. In 1822, when thirty- 
one }ears of age, James Hurst married Ehzabetli Sly, aged sixteen, who 
was hnrn in \\'est Virginia, June 30, 1806. Her father, Henry Sly, 
was a German farmer, who ne\er talked good English, who was mar- 
ried in Ohio, and who lost his wife at the age of fifty, she having been 
a midwife and ha\-ing worn herself out by attendance on the sick. James 
Hurst and wife had fourteen children. One son died in infancy, and 
Moses and Jesse died in boyhood, the former having been killed by a 
falling tree at the age of five. The other sons and daughters grew up, 
as follows : James died at the age of twenty-two, soon after his marriage: 
Thomas M., born in Ohio about 1825, was a brick and stone mason 
and died in Otoe county, Nebraska, in 1898, having had twelve chil- 
dren; Harriet, the widow of Joseph Brusha. lives in Washington state, 
and has seven children; Sarah is the wife of Benjamin E. Drummins, of 
Worth county, Missouri, and has seven living children, having lost 
three; Elliott S. is a stock rancher of Idaho and has six children; Ezra 
M. is a fruit farmer of Hollywood, California, and had twelve children, 
seven of whom are living: Mary J. is the wife of George Johnston, of 
\'ernon county, Missouri, and has four sons; Charles B. is next of the 
children; Josejih P. is a farmer of Chetopa, Kansas, and has his sec- 
ond wife, ha\-ing eight children I)y his two wives; Cynthia D. is the 
widow of William Pugh and lives in Nebraska City; Matilda died in 

1853- 

The family left Ohio in 1852 and came to St. Joseph, Missouri, 
\\here thev lived two years. The father owned four hundred acres of 
land and was a leading stockman, t)ut met reverses and sold out at 
seven dollars an acre. He then came to Atchison countv, Missouri, and 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 223 

altliougii in Iiis sixty-second year, worked at liis trade of brick and 
stone mason, and tnok contracts, Iniilding tlie first three brick houses 
in Atchison county. He died in that county at the age of eighty-eiglit 
years less nine days, and his widow died tliere in Fel)ruary, i8()r. at 
tlie age of eighty-fi\-e. 

Cliarles Pi. Hurst was ten years old when the family came to ]\Iis- 
siiuri, and the schooling which it was his pri\-ilege to receive was very 
limited in c|uantity and deficient in quality, but he learned to rearl and 
cijilier, and has always l)cen a good speller. He remained at home un- 
til he reached his majority, and was then with a threshing outfit for a 
time, and in the fall of 1S63 engaged in iierding and feeding cattle in 
Doniphan county. Kansas, at the wage of a dollar a day. He worked 
for the firm of Fisher, Warner and Piatt for two hundred and forty- 
two da}'S, in rain and shine. Sundays too, and ne\'er missed a day. He 
then fed hogs for three months at a dollar and a half a day. after which 
he worked on the home farm for a year. In 1869, a few }-ears after he 
iiegan married life, he bought a hundred and fourteen acres in Missouri, 
across the rix'er from Brownx'ille, at al)out five dollars an acre, and later 
purchased two hundred acres at twenty-four dollars an acre. This is 
the land on which he has worked out his career as a farmer, and it is 
now worth sc\ent)--fi\c dollars an acre. There are two sets of buildings 
on his land, anrl the entire ])ro]ierty is \aluable and brings in large an- 
nual returns. Plis home place in Peru consists of a nice and comfort- 
able residence and two acres of land, most of which is in orchard. 

April 8. ]^(>(i. Mr. Hurst was married in A.tchison county to Miss 
Carobn.e .\. Rich, who was born in Bureau county. Illinois. February 7, 
184(1. Her ])arents. Washington and Seline ( Prowance ) Rich, were 
farmers, and mo\ed from Pennsylvania to Illinois, where the former 
died, and his \\idow and her ten children then came to Atchison county, 



224 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Missouri. Tlie following cliiklreii lia\-e lieen born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Hurst: Lindley S. is a teacher and farmer, living at home in Peru: 
Findley D. is a farmer in Xodaway county, ^fissouri. and has five chil- 
dren ; Mary S. is in the Peru normal and perparing herself for a teach- 
er: Sophia S. is the wife of Glenville X. Coon, manager of a lumber 
yard in Osceola. Xeliraska : P)eniamin B. is a teacher in Harvard, X'e- 
braska. being a graduate of the business department of the Tarkio ( Mis- 
souri) College: Calista A. is a member of the class of 1906 in the 
Peru normal. The beloved mother of this family died on the farm in 
Atchison county, ^Missouri, in 1891, at the age <•>{ fortv-four. She was 
a woman of noble character and attrilmtes, and was not onh- a re\-ere(l 
personage in her family circle hwi was a favorite among her many as- 
sociates and friends. She and her luusband were members of the Meth- 
ixlist Episcopal church, and he is a trustee of the church in Peru. 



SPTADRACH ^I. CHAFFIX. 

Shadrach M. Chaffin, farmer and veterinarian of Humboldt, Rich- 
ardson county, is an old and well known settler of Southeastern Xe- 
braska. He first became acquainted with this county in 1858, and has 
resided here continuously since the 12th of August, 1861, on which 
date he arrived from Holt county, Missouri. Xebraska was not yet a 
state and was indeed a wild country compared to its present highly civil- 
ized condition, and its many changes and steps of development are 
phdtographed on the mind and engrafted in the experience of Mr. Chaf- 
hn, who has himself been intimately identified with the life and times 
in which he has lived for o\'er forty }ears. 

Mr. Chaffin was born in Scioto county, Ohi<i, -\ugust 12, 1833, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 225 

so that he is now past the Psalmist's Hiiiit of tliree score and ten years, 
yet is able to do a day's \vorl\ and perform liis part of the obligations of 
life with much of the zeal of youth. He was reared on his father's 
Ohio farm, and remained with his parents till after he \\as grown. His 
schooling was meager and acquired in the primitixe log schoolhouse 
such as was marked out for the temple of learning in the early part of 
the last century. From the age of si.xteen he was constantly engaged 
in farm labor, and has had an increasing ratio of success in all the 
years that have followed. In 1835 he left Ohio and moved to Holt 
county, Missouri, and five years later arrived in Nebraska. For thirty 
years he was engaged in farming near Salem, and in 1S91 he took up 
his abode on his present nice homestead, a part rif which lies within the 
corporate limits of the town of Humboldt. Besides working with profit 
his small farm he follows the vocation of stock doctor, and is well known 
for liis connection with both pursuits. 

Mr. Chaffin is a Republican in pi:)litics. but has nourished no spe- 
cific aml)ition to leave the rank and file of the party and attain office. 
He has served on the city council of Humboldt for three terms, and 
is known as a public-spirited and enterprising citizen. Fie and his 
wife are members of the Christian church, and he is a firm advocate 
of llie temperance cause. 

September 25, 1864, Mr. Chaftrn was married to INHss Lucinda O. 
Pierce, who was born in \'ermont, November 19, 1847, a daughter of 
Daniel \V. and Lucy Edwin Pierce, both natives of A'ermont. Her 
father was a cabinet-maker, who mo\-ed to \\'aterIoo, ^^'isconsin, in 
1857, and died in 1899, in the same week with the death of his oldest 
son, Daniel \\'. The family had come to Nebraska in 1858 and twenty 
years later had gone to the state of Washington, where Mrs. Chaffin's 
mother died in i8qi. ]\'Irs. Chaffin remained at home until her marriage. 



226 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

which was celebrated in Brown county, Kansas. Eight cliildren were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Chaftin, as follows: George is an office man in 
the employ of the Great Northern Railroad, and has a wife, one son and 
thiee daughters; Francis died at the age of one year; Ettie, the de- 
ceased wife of Charles C. Pool, died at the age of thirty-three, leaving 
six children; Mrs. Lucinda Belle Corn, a widow with three children, 
resides with her parents; Edgar E. died at the age of four years; Mrs. 
Lucy Boss, in Humboldt, has one daughter; Miss Mary is at home 
and in the employ of the telephone company, and also sings and plays 
well ; the eighth child, a daughter, died in infancy. 



PHILIP JENKINS. 

Philip Jenkins, one of the well known and much esteemed citizens 
of Pawnee City, Nebraska, was born December 6, 1821, in Onondaga 
county, New York, and is a son of Christopher and Minnie (Howard) 
Jenkins, both of whom were born in New' York. The father descended 
from three brothers of the name who came to America from England, 
prior to the Revolutionary war. The father died in 1847 ^^ Lacon, 
Illinois, aged fifty-two years, the mother dying in 1840, in Morgan 
county, Illinois. By trade Christopher Jenkins was a carpenter. He 
lived an honest, upright life and died respected by all who knew him. 
Our subject's parents had a family of nine children, four of whom still 
survive. 

Philip Jenkins was reared to manhood in his fathers home, in 1839 
coming with his parents to Morgan county, Illinois, and later to Wood- 
ford county. He was one of the loyal citizens who responded to the 
call of President Lincoln for troops, and enlisted for service on August 




PHILIP JENKINS 




MRS. PHILIP JENKINS 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 227 

13. 1862, in Company C, Seventy-seventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
under Colonel D. P. Grier. His term of service covered eighteen 
months, and during that period he participated in the Yazoo expedition, 
was at the siege of Vicksburg, Jackson, New Orleans and in the move- 
ments of the army on the Texas coast. On one occasion, when the 
flag bearer was struck down, Mr. Jenkins gallantly seized the banner 
and carried it in the face of the enemy. For his bravery on the field 
of battle he was promoted from second to first lieutenant, and doubtless 
would have received further recognition had not domestic trouble caused 
him to resign and return to his home. During his absence two of his 
little children were taken sick and died, both being buried in the same 
grave. The prostration of their mother caused such serious illness that 
her devoted husband felt that his place of duty was at her side. 

Mr. Jenkins was married in Woodford county, Illinois, February i, 
1846, to ]\Iiss Malinda Sweet, who was born in Morgan county, Illinois. 
She is a daughter of Phelig and Abigail (Bardeen) Sweet, natives of 
New York, who settled in Illinois, where both died. The three children 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins are: E. M., of Byron, Thayer county, 
Nebraska; Lola M.. wife of Niel Duncan, of Pawnee city; and Myrtle, 
wife of J. H. Phelps, of Wilsonville, Nebraska. The two children who 
died in Illinois were: Abraham Lincoln, aged three years, and Philip J., 
a babe. 

Mr. Jenkins came to Nebraska in 1878 and located in Brownville 
for eighteen months, then went to Alexandria and remained until 1883. 
For the following two years he was at Tobias, and in 1885 located in 
Ohiowa, Fillmore county. From 1878 to 1893 he successfully followed 
the lumber business. In 1894 Mr. Jenkins came to Pawnee city. He 
is a Republican in politics and is the oldest member of the John Ingham 
Post No. 95, Grand Army of the Republic, of Pawnee city. For forty- 



228 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

eight years he lias been a Mason. He belongs to the Baptist churcli. 
Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins celebrated their golden wedding m Pawnee city 
in 1896. 



ALFRED PAGE. 

Alfred Page, of section 28, Grant precinct, near Dawson, Richard- 
son county, is identified with the best traditions and highest develop- 
ment of agricultural enterprise and public-spirited citizenship in this 
rich and beautiful section of Southeastern Nebraska. For forty-five 
years he has given faithful attention to his life pursuits on the govern- 
ment land that he took up when he came here, and his management and 
toil have been so effecti\-ely directed that now for several years he has 
lived in retirement on his beautiful homestead, free to spend some time 
before and all his life after his sixty-eighth birthday in wholesome ease 
befitting strenuous endeavor during the fulness of manly vigor. Mr. 
Page has been prominent and influential in the affairs of his community 
as well as successful in material circumstances, and has been honored 
with of^ces of trust and responsibility and has given a due share of 
his time and attention to matters concerning politics, religion and insti- 
tutions of county and state. 

This well known Nebraska citizen was born in Monroe county, 
Kentucky, on Christmas day, 1835. His father, Samuel Page, was a 
nati\'e of Tennessee, and was r.ccidentally killed in the woods when 
his son Alfred was five years old. There were two other sons. B. W. 
Page came to Richardson county in 1859, and died in Nemaha precinct 
in 1879, following his wife in death and leaving seven living children. 
He was born in 1832, was a stock farmer, and served in the state legis- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 229 

lature. Tlie otlier son, Elijali, is a miner in Wasliington and Montana, 
and IS a bachelor. 

Alfred Page was reared by kind god-parents, but had only meager 
tpportunities for gaining an education. At the age of twenty he left 
home and went to Missouri, wdiere he followed farming mainly, in 
Sullivan and Holt counties, and in November, 1859, arrived in Ne- 
braska. He tciok up a hundred and sixty acres of government land, 
the same tract that comprises his present farm, but how vastly changed 
and improved since he first occupied it only he and his oldest neighbors 
can picture. In addition, at present, he also owns a timber lot of twenty 
acres, and lie has sold two otlier farms in this state. His first house 
here was erected of logs that he hewed out of the timber with his own 
hand. But in spite of this being a very primitive and rude house, he 
had one equipment which was in advance of his neighbors' houses and 
for wdiich he had to endure much good-natured chaffing from his neigh- 
bors. This "style" wh.ich was the object of so much attention and wdt 
consisted in glass windows for his house, and they were the first in 
the neighborhood. The pleasant frame house which is now the family 
home was built in 1867, and a fine red barn was completed in 1897. 
There are also a cow house and hog Iiouse and all other improvements 
needed by the up-to-date farmer. Mr. Page also planted the hedge 
around the entire quarter section. At an early day he carried from the 
bottoms, on his shoulder, a bundle of one hundred and twentv-one cot- 
tonw'ood and soft maple sprouts, and during the years since they were 
planted they grew into large trees, from which were sawed much of 
the lumber which went into the above mentioned bam. There is also 
a fine orchard of various fruits, and the embowered home is a scene of 
beauty and coolness and shade during the most of the year. Mr. Page 
has made a specialty of raising shorthorn cattle and Poland China hogs, 



230 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

and keeps a considerable number of Ijoth varieties of stock. He now has 
a tenant on his farm, to whom he lias turned over the entire operation 
and the management of the land. 

]Mr. Page in politics is a Democrat, and has fraternal affiliations 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is a veteran school di- 
rector, having served twenty-five years on the board. He was assessor 
four years, and county commissioner nine years or three terms, he 
later served one year as county supervisor, being the first Democrat 
elected in the county to membership on the board. 

]\Ir. Page married, September 26, 1856, Miss Elizabeth Buchanan, 
who was born in Kentucky in 1832 and was reared in Missouri. Her 
father, Fielden Buchanan, was a farmer of Kentucky and Missouri, and 
married Miss Eliza Edwards, by whom he had two sons and three 
daughters. One of these sons, O. A. Buchanan, is a farmer near Mr. 
Page, and came here in 1865, from the Civil war, in which he served 
over four years as a soldier from Missouri. Mr. and Mrs. Page had 
nine children, eight of whom are living: Mollie, the wife of Frank 
Porter; Minnie Staley, who lives in Greenwood county, Kansas, and 
has four living children; Fielden Porter Page, who is a liveryman in 
Dawson and has two living children; Eliza Roberts, in the state of 
Washington, Lincoln county, who has six daughters and four sons; 
Sarah Peatling, of Kansas, who has two sons and one daughter; Julia 
Lee, of Nemaha precinct, who has one son living; Grizell Lawson, of 
Kansas City, who has one daughter; Eva Whitney, who lives in Liberty 
precinct and has three sons and one daughter; and Emma, who died 
at the age of nineteen, in the flower and beauty of young womanhood. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 231 

WESLEY G. HUMMEL. 

Wesley G. Hummel, of Grant precinct, Richardson county, with 
postof!ice at Dawson, is one of the enterprising and progressive farmers 
of this portion of Southeastern Nebraska. He settled here in March of 
1877, from Kane county, Illinois, and a few years later commenced op- 
erations on the bare prairie which has since been transformed into his 
beautiful farm, one of the best in this county. Industry aimed at a 
definite end has been throughout one of his principal characteristics, and 
thereby he has attained prosperous condition in life and dignity and 
wholesome esteem among his fellow men. When a boy in years but a 
man in patriotism and devotion to duty, he gave loyal service to the 
Union cause during the war of the rebellion, and ever since, wherever 
he has lived, he has been noted for his public spirit and genuine interest 
in the welfare of his community, doing what he could to advance the 
general good. 

]\Ir. Hummel was born in Lebanon county, Pennsylvania, June 8, 
1847. His father. Christian Hummel, was born in Germany, June 11, 
1 8 10, and died in Kane county, Illinois, in 1896. He was married in 
Philadelphia, March 17, 1840, to Miss Barbara Duper, who was a native 
of Germany. They were the parents of nine children, seven of whom 
are now living: Elizabeth is the wife of Samuel Rickert, of Dupage 
county, Illinois, and has two daughters and one son; Amelia is the wife 
of Daniel Piper, of Ogle county, Illinois, and has nine children; Wes- 
ley G. is the third ; C. L., in Richardson county, has six children ; F. A., 
in Franklin precinct of this county, is a farmer; Sarah A., of Edison 
Park, Illinois, is the wife of Mr. Mesner, who had two children by her 
deceased sister Catherine, and she had one child by her previous mar- 
riage; Mary died in middle life in Kane county, Illinois; and Henry L. 
lives in Holdrege, Nebraska. 



232 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

]\Ir. W. G. Hummel attended school in Illinois up to the time he 
\\as sixteen }-ears old, and then enlisted from Ogle county in Company 
E of the Fourth Illinois Cavalry. He served two years and three 
months, until the close of the war. After the rebellion he lived and 
farmed in Kane county, Illinois, for several years, and in 1877 came 
to Nebraska. In j88i he bought a quarter section of land, which was 
in the state of nature, and in the subsequent twenty-three years had 
devoted his best efforts to its profitable culivation and improvement. 
He planted all the fruit and ornamental trees on the place. He built 
his first bouse it: 1880, and the present large two-story residence was 
erected quite recently, and the commodious barn in 1899. Each year 
he raises about seventy-five fine Poland China hogs, and from thirty 
to sixty head of Polled Angus cattle, which he has bred up during the 
past ten years. He keeps about ten horses and tills from sixty to eighty 
acres of corn, with an average yield of fifty bushels to the acre, and 
also some twenty acres of wheat. 

Mr. Hummel is a man of intelligence, and takes an interest in the 
world about him as well as his immediate daily aft'airs and needs. He 
finds much delight in collecting things of antiquarian interest, and 
has a co])y of the first paper printed in America, having bought 
it at the Philadelphia Centennial, and also a cane made from the wood 
of the old ship Consitution. Mr. Hummel is a Republican in politics, 
and is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He served two 
}ears as county supervisor and for fourteen years as school director 
of district No. 92. He and bis wife are members of the United Evan- 
gelical church. 

Mr. Hummel was married in Grant precinct November 3, 1880, to 
]\Iiss Helen E. Burr. They have a bright and happy family of nine 
children, some of whom have already taken up life's responsible duties 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 233 

and others have tlie joys of childhood still before them, as follows : 
Boyle, aged twenty-two, is at home, fanning; Frank Everett, aged twen- 
ty-one, is at home; Ethel Kate is a teacher and at present a student in 
the Peru Xormal ; Nellie F., is at home and in school; W'ilber Harri- 
son; W'esley Earl; Nannie Pearl; Harry Christian; and Helen Martha, 
the babv of the family. 



AHCHAEL M ELIZA. 

Michael Meliza, of section 9, Liberty precinct, near Yerdon, Rich- 
ardson county, is an agriculturist and stock-raiser of pronounced promi- 
nence in this county, thoroughly successful in his operatiijus and busi- 
ness transactions, thrift}' and most enterprising in the management of 
his place, and \\ithal a representatix-e and public-spirited citizen who 
acts and accomplishes results in his \-arious dealings for the benefit not 
alone of himself but also of the community in which he lives and of 
which he is a most worthy part. He came to Rchardson county and his 
present place twenty-two years ago, on March 4, 1882. so that, while 
not n pioneer, he is an ok! and honored resident of this portion of 
southea.stern Neliraska. 

Mr. ]\Ieliza x\as born in Henr}' county, Indiana, April 9, 1850." 
His grandfather was John Hcnrx- Meliza, a farmer and carpenter in 
\'irginia, where he died, leaving six children, two sons and four daugh- 
ters, who all had families. Jacolj Meliza, the father of Michael, was 
born in A'irginia, .\pril 12, 1809, and died in Adell, Iowa, in 1889, pre- 
ceded two years b)' bis wife. He was a very successful farmer, 
and his landed estate was valued at twelve thousand dollars. He had 
also engaged in merchandising, losing .some six thousand dollars by 
security, wdiicb was the princi])al misfortune that he met in his career. 



234 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

He married ^Margaret Shively, who was born in Germany one year later 
than lier husband, and came to this country at the age of fourteen, be- 
ing three montlis on the voyage. She was the only daughter, and her 
two brothers are : Alike Shively, who owns nineteen hundred acres of 
land in California and a similar amount in South Dakota ; and John 
Shi\-ely, an able farmer of Missouri. Jacob and Margaret Meliza had 
eight children : Lydia is the wife of Thomas Fike, in Iowa, and has 
three children; Perry is a farmer and fruit-grower in Ashland^ Oregon, 
and has two sons and one daughter; Michael is the third of the family; 
Sophia, wife of James Trimble, died in Richardson county in 1900, 
aged forty-eight years, lea\-ing two sons; Alartha is tlie wife of W. F. 
Hulbert, of Auburn, and has two daughters; Francis Marion lives in 
Iowa and has one daughter; Melissa is the wife of J. B. Shuey, of 
Adell, Iowa, and has one son and three daughters ; Rosa died at tht 
age of sixteen, in Adell. 

Mr. Michael Meliza was reared principally in Davis county, Iowa, 
and his school advantages in youth were rather limited. He worked on 
the home farm, and when he started out for himself at the age of 
twenty-three he had five hundred dollars that he had saved from his 
wages. He was married in 1874, and the'.i began as a tenant farmer 
in Davis county. Seven years later, when he came to Richardson coun- 
ty, Nebraska, he had thirty-five hundred dollars that had accrued from 
his industrious labors. He bought the quarter section of his present 
homestead, paying sixteen liundred fifty for it. It was naked prairie at 
that time, ami all the present fine improvements have been placed here 
at his own cost and under his management. He has one of the finest 
barns in the county, built in 1892 at a cost of two thousand dollars. It 
has a stone basement, is painted yellow, with a cupola on top, and alto- 
gether is one of the most commodious and best equipped structures of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 235 

its kind anywhere in the country around. He completed his modern, 
two-story house in 1899. It is amply large, is well built, and its invit- 
ing quarters plus the genial hospitality that pervades it all and the 
comfort and good cheer, for which the noble and energetic Mrs. Meliza 
is responsible, make this home one out of a hundred. There are two 
fine orchards, of apples and other fruit, which Mr. Meliza planted. He 
owns another quarter section, adjoining this place, and a half section 
in South Dakota. He keeps a large herd of shorthorn cattle, and a 
number of horses and mules for working his farm. He sold forty head 
of cattle in the fall of 1903, and some of his fine cow's have brought as 
much as eighty-five dollars. He has some two hundred blooded Poland 
China hogs, and in one season he sold three thousand dollars' worth from 
the breeding of twenty sows. There is a fine hedge around the home quar- 
ter section, and half way round tlie adjoining tract, and all his land is 
divided into forty acre fields, fenced hog-tight. Without doubt this 
is one of the best cultivated, best managed and best equipped farms in 
Richardson county, and ^Ir. Meliza's pains have been well rewarded 
in the profitable enterprise he has built up since coming here over twenty 
years ago. 

Mr. Meliza is a Republican in politics, but the only offices he has 
held are road overseer and school director. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Christian church, in which he is a deacon. 

December 2'i>, 1874. ]\Ir. Meliza married Miss Arminta J. Cham- 
berlain, who was born in Da\-is county, Iowa, and whose family history 
will be found in the accompanying liiography of Abraham Zook. Two 
children were born to ]Mr. and Mrs. Meliza. Lem Elmer, born in Iowa 
September 16, 1875. died at Hunter Springs, in 1900. He was a grad- 
uate of Lincoln University, and at the time of his death was employed 
bv a wholesale drv-soods firm at a salarv of eightv dollars a month. 



236 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

He is buried in Verdon. His jiarents and sister were in California when 
he died, and liis taking off in the lieight of young manhood has re- 
mained a lasting herea\ement to them all. Katie IMeliza, a young lady 
of fourteen years, is in the ninth gra<le of the A'erdnu schools, and is 
also taking- musical instruction, having much talent in that direction. 
Mrs. ^[eliza is a full copartner \\ ith her husband, and the way in which 
she keeps up her end of the domestic establishment is most creditable to 
her manv virtues of heart and mind. 



ABRAHAM ZOOK. 

Abraham Zook, a retired farmer of \''erdon, was born in Wayne 
county, Indiana, June ^4, 183J, shortly after the death of his father, 
Abraham Zook, who left his widow and three children already born, as 
follows: Daniel, who was born in 1824 and died near Birmingham, Iowa, 
in 1902; Esther, \\ho was the wife of John Hoo\-er and died in Indiana, 
leaving two sons and one daughter; and Joseph, who is a retired farmer 
of Appanoose county, Iowa, and has three sons and one daughter. The 
mother of these children died in Iowa at the age of sixty-two. She 
kept her little family of children together and reared them to be honest 
and industrious. She had been left with a hundred and sixty acres of 
land, so that they all had a home until they could do for themselves. 

The father was buried in Indiana and the mother in Lnva. Both 
parents were Brethren in church faith. When he was a child Mr. 
Abraham Zook saw his grandfather, John Zook, who was a prosperous 
farmer in Indiana. His earliest American ancestor was his great-grand- 
father, who was one of two brothers and a cousin that came from 
Germany and settled in Pennsylvania. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 2^7 

Mr. Abraham Zook had only a limited schooling in the district 
school. He lived at home until his first marriage, on November 6, 
1851, in Indiana, when he was united in wedlock with Miss Mary A. 
Ulrich, who was born in Indiana in December, 183 1, a daughter of John 
and Catherine (Teeter) Ulrich, all of Pennsylvania. There were four 
children of this marriage: Mrs. Susanna Price, a widow, who lives in 
Iowa and has five children; Martin, of I'alls City, who has five children; 
Catherine, who died at the age of seven; and Oliver, who is a farmer 
two miles south of Humboldt and has one son and two daughters. The 
mother of these children died in Iowa in 187 1. 

January 2, 1S76, Mr. Zook married ]\Irs. Mary C. Chamberlain, 
7ice Wallace, who was born in White county, Illinois, September 19, 
1838. Her first husband was Raymond Chamberlain, a native of Vir- 
ginia and a farmer of Iowa, where he died in the prime of life in 1873, 
leaving three children, as follows: Mrs. Arminta Meliza. wife of the 
prominent Richardson county farmer whose biography is given above; 
John Calvin Chamberlain, who is an able farmer of Nuckolls county, 
Nebraska, and has five sons and one daughter; and Robert Marshall 
Chamberlain, who bought Mr. Zook's farm of one hundred and forty- 
si.x acres in Liberty precinct and is farming it very successfully, and who 
has one son and one daughter. 

Mr. ?-!ook is a member of the Brethren church and his wife of the 
Christian church. In 1897 he paid eleven hundred and fifty dollars 
for a ten-acre tract in Verdon, v.-hich was then a ploughed field, and 
after taking out a sixty-six foot strip for a street, he built his fine house 
of two stories and attic, containing nine rooms, with modern high ceil- 
ings and all the conveniences that mark the twentieth century resi- 
dence. He has a l)arn twenty-four by thirty-two, and several other 
buildings. He has now one of the delightful homes of A^erdon. There 



238 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

is a large lawn before the house, which is almost surrounded by shrub- 
bery and orchards. Both he and his wife are now passing their old age 
in comfort and amid surroundings that are fit rewards for previous 
lives of honorable effort. 



W. H. WALKER. 

W. H. Walker, justice of the peace of Beatrice, Nebraska, is one 
of the well known and honored old settlers of Gage county. He was 
one of the first merchants of Beatrice to operate a general store, and he 
located in Gage county in 1867, since which time he has made it his 
home. Judge Walker has a war record which commenced August 16, 
1862, when he enlisted in Company E, Ninety-third Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, Colonel Putman and Captain Wilkerson commanding. Col- 
onel Putman was killed at Missionary Ridge and succeeded by N. C. 
Buzwell. Mr. Walker participated in many of the leading battles 'of 
the war, including Champion Hills, Black River Bridge, siege of Vicks- 
burg, Missionary Ridge and the famous march to the sea, participated 
in the grand review at W^ashington and was honorably discharded ]\.m& 
5, 1865. 

Mr. Walker was born at \^andalia, Fayette county, Illinois, June 
25, 1838, a son of Absalom and Mary (Walker) Walker. Absalom 
Walker was a soldier in the war of 181 2 and the Black Hawk war. He 
was born in Kentucky, coming of a family noted for courage and in- 
tegrity. The mother was born in Illinois, her parents being early set- 
tlers of Fayette county, Illinois. The children born to these parents 
were: W. H. ; Jeremiah, who died in the service; Louise, deceased; Ben- 
jamin F., also deceased. The father died in Illinois. For a number of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASWA. 239 

years he was a prominent fanner and took active part in local affairs ; 
while fraternally he was a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. 

After Mr. W. H. Walker returned to Illinois he lived for two years 
in that state and then removed to Gage county, Nebraska, first working 
upon a stock farm, but later opened the first general store in Beatrice, 
Nebraska. On account of his military experience he was made instruc- 
tor of military tactics in the public schools of Beatrice, and he is -a 
charter member of the G. A. R. post of Beatrice and has held all the 
offices pertaining thereto. While living in Illinois in 1866 he was 
married to I\Iiss Maria Terry, a daughter of Peter Terry. She died 
in December, 1874, leaving four children, namely: Mary E. ; Katy B. ; 
Ora B. ; and Cora B. Later Mr. W^alker married Miss Jennie M. 
Scott, of Beatrice, and three children have been born of this union, 
namely: Pearl, Eddie and \\"illiam H., Jr. Mr. Walker is a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in which he is very popular. 
His wife is a consistent member of the Baptist church, which Mr. 
\\^alker also attends. He is a man who has won his way through his 
own unaided efforts, and he can well be proud of his record both as a 
business man and a soldier. He is a Republican and has served in 
various minor offices. In January, 1902, he was elected justice of the 
peace and January, 1904, was re-elected to same office. 



J. W. ASHENFELTER. 

J. W. Ashenfelter. chief of police of Beatrice, Nebraska, and one 
of the leading men of that city, was elected to that responsible office in 
the spring of 1901. Chief Ashenfelter was bom in Jo Daviess county, 
Illinois, in 1853, and is a son of Joseph Ashenfelter, a native of Mont- 



240 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

gomery county, Penns}I\-aiiia, wiio came of Cierman ancestors and was 
a miller by trade. He married Margarette Weeks, born in Huntington 
county, Pennsylvania. The parents came to Illinois in 1852, settling in 
Ogle county, whence tliey removed to Jo Daviess count}-, and later 
moved to Jackson county, Iowa. But in 1859 they returned to Illinois, 
and in 1865 moved to Iowa and in 1866 moved to Chercikee county, 
K'ansas, and in the fall of 1S66 the father went back to Washington 
county, Iowa. From 1870 to 1877 he lived in Richardson county Ne- 
braska, and later settled at Turner, Oregon. He died at the age of 
eighty-two years, and his wife died there at the age of seventy-nine 
years. Both belonged to the German Baptist church. Five children 
were born to these parents, four of whom grew up, namely : John \V. ; 
Auna Lichty, of Falls City, Nebraska; Elizabeth, of Oregon; Jacob B., 
of Turner, Oregon. 

Mr. J, W. Ashenfelter was reared and educated in Illinois, Iowa, 
Kansas and Nebraska, as his father moved from one place to the other, 
and he at the same time learned the trade of miller from his father. He 
was married in 1876 to Miss Lucinda Z. Carter, of Falls City, Nebraska, 
a daughter of Dr. James Carter, now deceased, who was a soldier in the 
Civil war. Four children were born to Mr. and ]\Irs. Ashenfelter, 
namely; Ellsworth, who is cashier in Klin's store of Beatrice; J. Levett, 
traveling salesman; John A., a railroad man; and \^iola. Mr. Ashen- 
felter is a Republican, and fraternally is a member of the Ancient Order 
fo U'nited Workiuen. In his official capacity he displays great effi- 
ciency, but he has held positions of like character before, having served 
as deputy sheriff of Gage county for four years. He located in Gage 
county on October 20, 1881, although he has been a resident of Ne- 
braska for thirty-three years. His force at present consists of himself, 
ex-chief J. T. More, an able officer with a good record, and W. G. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 241 

Hall, also a most excellent official. The police justice is J. A. Callison, 
who is noted for his just decisions, which seldom are overruled. 



WILLIAM M. TAYLOR. 

William M. Taylor, commander of Scott Post No. 37, Blue Springs, 
Nebraska, and district commander of southeastern Nebraska, is one bf 
the best known men in this section of country, and is also a distinguished 
veteran of the Civil war. His enlistment took place in Huntingdon 
county, Pennsylvania, July 15, 1863, when he entered Company A, 
Twenty-seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, under Captain Morgan and 
Colonel Greenfield. After nine months' .service he was honorably dis- 
charged, but he veteranized on January 27, 1864, for three years or 
during the war. At the close of the war he was again honorably dis- 
charged, and left the service with an excellent record, although much of 
his service consisted in skirmish and guard duty. 

His birth occurred in Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, Septem- 
ber 8, 1843, '^"'i ^^ 'was a son of Isaac Taylor, born in Todd, Pennsyl- 
vania. Isaac was a son of John, a native of Germany. Isaac Taylor 
was reared in Pennsylvania and there married Nancy Elias, who was 
born in Todd, a daughter of Henry Elias, also of German descent. 

Our subject received an excellent education in Pennsylvania, and 
he then studied for the ministry of the Methodist church, his first charge 
being the circuit in Fulton county, Pennsylvania. He was transferred 
from one place to another, and from Pennsylvania was transferred on 
account of ill health to Nebraska, being the only preacher in Frontier 
county for two years. After several changes he finally was located at 
Blue Springs, and had charge of the Methodist church there for two 



242 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

years, when he retired from the ministry, and has since then devoted 
his attention to farming. 

When he was twenty-four years of age, he was married in Pennsyl- 
vania to Miss Jennie Dunlet and she is a daughter of Donald and Mary 
Dunlet. Mrs. Taylor died, leaving one child, Alvah O., of Helena, Mon- 
tana. Mr. Taylor married in Jefferson county, Pennsylvania, February 
12, 1874, Lydia F. Wilson, a daughter of Captain John G. Wilson and 
Amanda F. Wilson. Mr. and Mrs. Taylor have had the following 
children Belle W. ; C. B., of Sheridan, Wyoming; Denver W., of 
Sheridan, Wyoming; Eric A., of Oketo, Kansas; Mary D., of Gage 
county; Lawrence E. at school; Lulu A. at school; and the youngest a 
boy in school. 

For thirty-three years Mr. Taylor has been a Mason, he is a mem- 
ber of the Order of Odd Fellows, Ancient Order of United Workmen, 
the Knights of Pythias and Grand Army of the Republic, and has been 
very active in the latter organization. He has also been prominent in 
Republican politics, and served as police judge of Blue Springs, notary 
public for six years, and always lends his influence towards the meas- 
ures he believes best for the development and advancement of the citv. 
As a religious worker, he has always been zealous, successful and sin- 
cere, and while not now in charge of any church, his thoughts and 
efforts are employed in his Master's work, and he is one of the pillars 
of his denomination, and justly regarded as one of the best examples of 
a devoted Christian man and loyal citizen. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 243 

GEORGE LUM. 

George Lum, dealer in lumber, was the first business man to estab- 
lish himself in Verdon, where he settled and began his prosperous busi- 
ness career about twenty-two years ago. The second man to open a 
shop in the village was Charles Oathout, a blacksmith, and the third was 
Hopper and Carroll, general merchandise. Mr. Lum has had a busy 
and successful life, one marked with enterprising effort and good busi- 
ness management and foresight, and he has taken a prominent part in 
public and material affairs concerned with the development of this 
town of Verdon. 

He was born in Oswego county, New York, October 15, 1836, 
being a son of Ransom Lum, who was born near Decatur, New York, 
in 1797, and died on his farm in Oswego county in 1845. Ransom 
Lum was one of the five sons and some three daughters, whose father 
was a well-to-do farmer. Ransom married a Miss Prindle, who 
was a widow many years and died in 1880. They had seven children: 
Aurelia. the wife of O. B. Wright, lives in Litchfield, Michigan, and 
has one son and one daughter : Julia, the first wife of Nathaniel Stewart, 
died without issue; Abel, at Steinauer, Nebraska, has one son; Clark, 
who died in Verdon in 1894, left two sons and one daughter; Electa, 
the second wife of Nathaniel Stewart, died leaving one son, Clark A. 
Stewart, a physician in New York ; George is the sixth child ; and 
Charles died in his seventeenth year. 

Mr. George Lum was reared on the farm in New York until he 
was eighteen years old. In 1855 he went to Boone county, Iowa, and 
began farming on three hundred and twenty acres of government 
land, which he bought at one dollar and a quarter an acre, paying in- 
terest at the rate of ten per cent. He and his two brothers "batched" 
for two or three years while engaged in this work. One brother had a 



244 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

half section and another a quarter section. After coming to Verdon 
in 1882 he built his lumber yard and office and sheds, one hundred and 
fifty-two by twenty-six feet, and his more recent addition is fifty by 
eighty feet. He carries a stock valued at about six thousand dollars. 
The business at Verdon is carried on under the name of George Lum 
and Son, and the yard at Steinauer as M. H. Lum and Company. Mr. 
Lum also owns three quarter sections of land in Nebraska. He was 
one of the founders and the first president of the first bank in Verdon, 
named the Farmers' State Bank of Verdon, which is now the Verdon 
State Bank and is owned by the Hall Brothers, to whom it was sold 
sixteen months after it was opened. Mr. Lum erected his good home 
in A^erdon in 1883, but he has since changed it considerably and made 
a number of improvements. In 1890 he was one of a party of lumber- 
men of the northwest who took an excursion to California and Old 
Mexico and many other points in the west, leaving Minneapolis in 
January and returning in March. It was a most delightful trip, filled 
with many occasions of interest, and the various scenes of the daily 
panorama of travel from indelible and happy memory pictures in Mr. 
Lum's mind. A most joyous part of the journey was a ride by steamer 
from Puget Sound to San Diego in southern California. 

On August 6, 1861, Mr. Lum enlisted at Des Moines, Iowa, for 
three years' service in the Union cause. He became corporal of Com- 
pany D, Second Iowa Cavalry, and after thirty-seven months of cam- 
paigning was mustered out at Davenport, Iowa, with a most creditable 
record as a ])atriot and soldier. He has been a stanch Republican since 
arriving at majority, although he usually votes for the man he believes 
the best representative of the people's interests. He served as president 
of the town board for four years. 

Mr. Lum was married in Boone county, Iowa, in January, 1865, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 245 

to Miss Laura E. Shepard, wlio was born in Genesee county, New York, 
a daughter of Chauncey and Laura (Bristol) Shepard, the former a 
native of Connecticut and tlie latter of Genesee county, Xew York. 
Her parents were farmers, and she was one of seven children, four 
of whom were reared : Chauncey K. Shepard, who died in Summer- 
town, Tennessee; Frances C, wife of Abel Lum, mentioned above; 
Eliza A., widow of Aiuos Cooper, of Forest City. jNIissouri : and Mrs. 
George Lum. Mr. and ]\Irs. Lum became the parents of five children: 
Fred B., who died at the age of three years; Gertrude L., at home, who 
was obliged to leave school on account of failing health; Clyde V., 
who is a graduate of the Gem City Business College and is in business 
with his father; Harry C, who is in the class of 1907 at Doane Col- 
lege in Crete, Nebraska ; and Roy E., who is in the same college and 
in the class of 1908. 



MRS. ELIZA C. SMITH. 

Mrs. Eliza C. Smith, a widow of South Auburn, Nebraska, has 
known Southeastern Nebraska from girlhood to the present time, and 
this state has been the theatre of her worthy and successful efforts in 
combatting with material things and winning a prosperity which few 
men can equal. Both Mrs. Smith and her mother have been women 
of unusual energy and business acumen. Deprived of their husljands 
before provision had l^een made for the future welfare of their fami- 
lies, they set to work, and Mrs. Smith by her own unaided effort, to 
make a living in competition with the hardier sex. Mrs. Smith was 
left a widow and in debt not more than twenty-five years ago, and 
since then she has built up one of the finest ranching properties in west- 



246 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ern Nebraska, and owns a model ranch of large dimensions and worth 
thousands of dollars, besides valuable real estate and other property 
in Colorado and in this part of the state. She deserves and receives 
great credit for what she has accomplished in the face of obstacles, 
and she ranks as one of the foremost business women of the state. 

Mrs. Smith was born in Miami county, Ohio, about fifty years ago. 
Her father, William Smith, wa§ born in London, England, in April, 
1818, and was married there in 1846 to Miss Elizabeth Smith (no 
relation), who was born near London in 1828. They came to America 
by sailing vessel in 185 1, having a long and tempestuous voyage of nine 
weeks, in the course of which their fourth child was born, and buried 
in the sea, and a little son also died on ship, while their little daughter 
died soon after landing in New York. Their children were Elizabeth 
Sara, born December 6, 1846, and was killed in a sugar cane mill near 
Brownville, Nebraska; Benjamin John, born July 2, 1848, died at the 
age of fourteen and was buried at Howe; Eliza B., born January 27, 
1850; the infant son mentioned above; Mrs. E. C. Smith is the fifth; 
William B., born in Ohio, July 28, 1855, died March 15, 1868. Mr. 
William Smith died in Ohio at the age of thirty-seven, leaving his 
widow with but little property. In the spring of 1858 she came to 
Brownville, Nebraska, and was soon afterward married to George 
Wheeler, wlio was an early emigrant from England of Kansas. There 
were five children born of this marriage: Frank Wheeler, born in 1859, 
is a farmer near Glen Rock, Nebraska; George Wheeler, born March 
15, 1862, is a farmer near Howe, and has a large family; Rosa May, 
the \\ife of James Penney, near Howe, has three children; and twins 
who died in infancy. The mother of these children died in the present 
home of Mrs. E. C. Smith, April 3, 1S97, and Mr. Wheeler died here 
March 23. 1898, when about seventy-three years old. These parents 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKlA. 247 

had inherited no money, and the fine property which they left was the 
direct resuh of their industry and persevering toil. They owned at 
iheir death a half section of land in two farms, eighteen city lots and 
three dwellings. 

Mrs. Smith was reared to the rugged life of the farm, having 
been accustomed from childhood to working in the field and meadow 
as well as in the house. On March 7, 1875, she was married, at the 
age of twenty-two, to John Cochran. They settled in western Ne- 
braska, where their first and only child was born, Daisy Alice, the 
wife of Joseph E. Trinnier, in Cheyenne county, Nebraska, and their 
two sons are Marvin, three years old and weighs fifty pounds, and 
Thurston, two years old and weighs forty pounds. Mr. Trinnier is 
an educated man and a great reader, and is successful in his business 
enterprises. 

Mrs. Smith was soon left a widow and in del^t, and in the emergency, 
with the courage and physical strength native to her, she, with the 
help of her maid servant, began running a ranch house and feeding 
station in Cheyenne county, Nebraska. There she took in from fifteen 
to one hundred a per day, and had soon paid her debts. Her con- 
tinued prosperity is evidenced by the fact that she is now owner of a 
ranch of twelve hundred and eighty acres. Besides this she fenced and 
occupied government land while she was running her stock ranch. 
She raised both cattle and horses, and had some fine stock. She con- 
tinued the eating house on the old stage route from Sidney to Black 
Hills, at which she sheltered and fed both men and stock. She was 
engaged in these enterprises for about seventeen years. She also 
owned another ranch which she sold for thirteen thousand dollars, and 
she owns property in Denver worth ten thousand dollars. At present 
she leases her ranch, and is in the main retired from active effort, giv- 



248 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

mg her attention to the oversight of her accumulations. She has been 
able to retire in good season and has many years in which to enjoy the 
comforts which her industry has given her. She now occupies the 
place in South Auburn where her step- father settled in 1893, consisting 
of a large cottage home, barns and the vacant lots across the street. 



JAMES MONROE BURRESS. 

James Monroe Burress, real estate dealer, and excursion agent for 
the Rock Island System and the Missouri Pacific, at Auburn, Nebras- 
ka, is one of the representative citizens of the town in which he lives. 

Mr. Burress is a native of Missouri. He was born in Mount 
Pleasant, in Miller county, October i, 1848, the son of Missouri par- 
ents. His father, Thomas Burress, AVas born in Hickory county, 
^Missouri, in 1826, and died at Glen Rock, Nemaha county, Nebraska, 
in February. 1897. Andrew Jackson Burress, the grandfather of our 
subject, was a Virginian by birth, and was one of the pioneers of Mis- 
souri, where he died at the age of forty-eight years. Grandmother 
Burress was a native of Nova Scotia. She lived to be over se\'enty years 
of age, and died in Windsor, Missouri. Their children were: Thomas; 
Burrel G., who died in Pueblo, Colorado; John W., who died in Se- 
dalia, Missouri, in March, 1903, leaving one son and two daughters; 
j.uncs IMonroe, of Windsor, ]\Iissouri, has a wife and two daughters; 
Andrew Jjickson, of Glen Rock, Nebraska; Polly, wife of Sylvester 
Cotton; and Sarah, wife of W. J. Livingston, of \\^indsor, Missouri. 

Thomas Burress, the eldest of the abo\e named family, married 
Charlotte Williams, in Mount Pleasant, Missouri, about 1847. The 
only child of this union was James Monroe, the subject of this sketch, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASK?A. 249 

and tlie young mother died when lie was three months old, leaving 
him to the care of his grandmother, with whom he remained five years, 
until his father married again. For his second wife the father married 
Julia A. .Swift, who hore him five children, two sons and three daugh- 
ters, namely: John G.. a grain merchant of Cook, Nebraska, is married 
and has a family of two sons and two daughters ; Nancy F., who died 
at the age of eighteen years; Sarah, wife of J. N. Simmons, of Glen 
Rock, Nebraska, has two sons and one daughter; B. N.. a miller and 
merchant of Auburn, has four sons living; and Charlotte L., who 
resides with her mother, the latter being now past seventy-five years 
of age. 

James Monroe Burress passed his days until he was fifteen years 
of age much as other Missouri boys of that time, attending the district 
school. Then, in 1863, with the consent of his father, he hired to a 
neighbor to drive cattle to Denver and Central City, Colorado, receiv- 
ing as compensation his board and twenty dollars per month. This 
trip consumed three months and twenty days, was attended with some 
interesting experiences, and brought to him not only a good time but 
also good health, for he was far from being a rugged boy when he left 
home. He followed this business of diiving cattle west for three sum- 
mers, sometimes receiving as high as seventy-five dollars per month. 
At one time his party was attacked by the Indians, who made an at- 
tempt to rob their wagons. Fortunately, just at this time, a band of 
scouts or soldiers were seen approaching in the distance, and the red 
men made a hasty retreat. 

Mr. Burress married, March i, 1870, in Nebraska, Miss Louise 
Bourlier, who was born in Ripley county, Ohio, in 185 1, daughter of 
James Bourlier, a native of France. Mr. Bourlier was a farmer. He 
came with his familv by boat from Ohio to Nebraska in i860. It was 



250 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

in 1856 that the Burress family came to Nebraska. James Bourher 
died at the age of sixty-nine years, on his farm, near Julian, in 
Nemaha county, and his wife died about four years later, at the age 
of seventy years. They were the parents of four sons and four daugh- 
ters, as follows : Frederick Bourlier,, who lives on a farm near the old 
home, has four sons and three daughters; Kate Bretty, a widow resid- 
ing in northwestern Nebraska; Emile Bourlier, of Oklahoma, has two 
sons and one daughter; Mrs. Burress; Ellen Handley; Fanny Tobin, 
of Sidney, Nebraska, has a daughter and one son ; August Bourlier, on 
the old homstead; and James Bourlier, a farmer at Fort Worth. 

Mr. Burress has one hundred and fifty acres, improved with build- 
ings, etc., at Glen Rock, Nebraska; one hundred and sixty acres, well 
improved, in Custer county, Oklahoma, and eighty acres in Wyoming. 
He is vice president of the Hart Mountain Oil & Development Com- 
pany, organized to operate in the Big Horn basin, Wyoming. He re- 
sides in Auburn, in a beautiful residence on the corner of Second and 
Fifth avenues. 

Politically Mr. Burress is a Republican, and at various times has 
served in local office, ever performing his public service with fidelity. 
In the fall of 1891 he was elected county clerk, and then re-elected, 
serving two terms. Also he filled the offices of road overseer, assessor 
and constable. At one time he was a candidate for the office of state 
senator, on the independent ticket, but was defeated. Fraternally Mr. 
Burress is a Knight Templar Mason, a Knight of Pythias and a 
Modern Woodman. Both he and Mrs. Burress are members of the 
Presbvterian church. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 251 

JOHN PAOIER. 

John Palmer, who is one of the prominent farmers of Namaha 
county, Nebraska, with his productive and beautiful farmstead situated 
three quarters of a mile west of Peru, has been a resident of this 
section of Southeastern Nebraska for thirty-five years, ever since 1869. 
He was born in Lincolnshire, England, January 9, 1839. 

His father, John Palmer, was born in the same place, and was one 
of the sturdy yoemanry of England, and was an industrious farmer 
there, but was in poor circumstances when he decided to come to 
America in 1857. He and his family embarked on the ship George 
Washington, and were twenty-four days en route to Boston, whence he 
went to St. Louis, where his family joined him. He worked for some 
time as a farm hand, and was also a tenant farmer for about four 
years. He then went to the mountains of Idaho, but in 1869 came to 
Nemaha county, Nebraska, and was located for a time on Dr. Neal's 
farm. He later bought eighty acres for fourteen hundred dollars, and 
this place is still owned by his son Phillip, whose history will be found 
below and in which connection will be noted other facts of the family 
history. The wife of John Palmer, Sr., was Eleanor Dove, and their 
nine children were all born before they left England. 

John Palmer remained in the parental home till he was married 
and was also with the family in their various migrations about the 
country, living in Idaho from 1863 to 1869. In the latter year he took 
up his home in Nebraska and later bought land. He settled on his 
present place about seventeen years ago, buying eighty acres with but 
slight improvements, and he erected his good and comfortable house 
six years ago. In the season of 1902 he had twenty-one hundred and 
fifty bushels of corn, and in all his agricultural operations is meeting 
with well deserved success. 



252 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Mr. Palmer was married in April, 1861, to Miss Mary Moore, 
who was born in England, being five years her husband's senior, and 
her death occurred May 21, 1902, at the age of sixty-nine, after a use- 
ful and worth}- life of devotion to her husband and children and in 
which she gained the affection and regard of all with whom she came 
in contact. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Palmer were the parents of seven children: 
Henry, who is a farmer on Dr. Neal's farm and has a wife and two 
daughters : Sarah, who is the wife of Lute Hanaford and has two daugh- 
ters and one son : Alice, who is the wife of John Root and has four 
daughters and one son; Emma, the wife of Thomas Carlisle and has 
one daughter and two sons; Minnie, who is the wife of Archer Cook 
and has two sons and a daughter ; Miss Mary, who has been her father's 
housekeeper since her mother's death; and John, at home. All the 
children had good educational advantages in the common schools and 
in the normal. 

PHILLIP PALMER. 

Phillip Palmer, a brother of John Palmer and a retired farmer 
living in Peru, was born in Lincolnshire, England, November 17, 1846, 
a son of John and Eleanor (Dove) Palmer, the former of whom was 
born in England in 1806 and died in Peru, October 14, 1889, and the 
latter was born February 2, 1812, and they were married February 
14, 1834. Their nine children reared to maturity were all born in 
England, and they lost their eldest child, Sarah, born in 1837. They 
came to America and made their way to St. Louis, having to borrow 
money to reach their destination, and they began their career in this 
country in humble circumstances, but gradually advanced by honorable 
and industrious efforts to a fair degree of material prosperity before 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 253 

their lives were ended in death, both passing away within the same 
week. 

PhiHip Palmer began working b}' the month near St. Louis, re- 
ceiving only five dollars a month at first, and this wage was afterward 
increased to six dollars. In 1863 he, with the rest of the family, went 
by boat up the river to Omaha, where they were compelled to wait 
twelve weeks on account of illness, and from that point went across 
the plains with ox teams in a train of twenty-six wagons to Salt Lake 
City. They all located one hundred miles north of there, in Idaho, 
where one of the sons-in-law had settled previously, and there for six 
years the men of the family were engaged in farming, freighting and 
stock-raising. But to remain there in peace and harmony they should 
have been compelled to turn Mormons, and not favoring that idea they 
returned to Omaha and in the same fall came to Nemaha county. Phil- 
lip Palmer still owns the eighty acres which his father located, and he 
made it his home until the fall of 1903. He lost his right leg in January, 
1900, and was compelled to give up active farming, so he moved into 
town and now has a pretty cottage home surrounded by five acres 
of land, mostly in orchard and beautiful evergreen groves. He is a 
Repulilican voter, and his wife is a member of the Christian church. 

April 1.2, 1886, Mr. P'almer, after with filial devotion having re- 
mained with his parents for many years, as he also continued to do until 
their death, was married to Mrs. Minerva Spicer, the widow of William 
Spicer, who died in 1885, leaving his widow and three daughters. Mrs. 
Palmer was born in Jasper count}-. Iowa, a daughter of C. C. and 
Nancy (\\'oIf) Tharp, the former of whom was born near Indianapo- 
lis, Indiana, in 1818. and died March 19, 1902, at the advanced age of 
eighty-four years and the latter at the age of sixty-eight. 'Mr. and Mrs. 
Tharp had five children : One that died in infancy ; Minerva, now Mrs. 



254 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Palmer; Martha, the wife of Wilson Canning, in Colorado, and the 
mother of nine children ; Armada, the wife of Rev. Chapman, a minis- 
ter of the Christian church, and has eight children; and John Tharp, 
in Olkahoma and has fave children. William Spicer was a native of 
Delaware, was a carpenter by trade, and came to Nebraska before 1872 ; 
he was a non-commissioned officer in the Union army during the Civil 
war, and was twice wounded, in the head and in the arm. Mr. and Mrs. 
Palmer have three daughters, all of whom were educated in the normal 
and have taught, as follows: Edith is the wife of Henry Palmer, a 
cousin, and has two daughters; Mary is the wife of Lee Parrish, on the 
farm three miles south of Peru, and has an infant son; and Bessie is 
a student in the training class of the normal. 



FRANK L. McNOWN. 



Frank L. IMcNown, who is serving his second year as principal 
of the graded schools of Peru, is a young educator of unusual ability 
and fitness for the work which he is now doing. In a state which holds 
the record for the highest degree of literacy, the maintenance of the 
standard of the elementary schools is of the highest importance. The 
public schools of Peru have always been noted for their efficiency in 
all departments, and their progress has been accentuated by the higher 
institutions of learning in the same place, especially the normal school. 
Mr. McNown has devoted himself with ardor and enthusiasm to his 
work, and his connection with the schools has already resulted in many 
improvements in system and detail. 

Mr. McNown is a native son of Peru, and being a product of the 
town and its educational institutions, he naturallv takes all the more 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 255 

pride in their welfare and upbnilding. He was born December 12, 
1874, and after completing the grades became a student in the State 
Normal at Peru. He has been engaged in teaching for the past five 
years, and was elected to his position of principal of the grade schools 
two years ago. He has made rapid ad\ancement in his profession, and 
has a bright career before him. Like his father, he is a Republican in 
politics, and fraternally affiliates with the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, the Royal Highlanders and the Degree of Honor. 

Mr. McNown is the sixth and youngest child born to John and 
JNIartha (Hatton) McNown, the former deceased, but the latter, though 
at an advanced age, is living in Peru, a nnble type of southem woman- 
hood, bright and pleasing and cheerful in her age as she has been use- 
ful and devoted to family and home during her earlier years. Mr. 
McNown's grandfather, James INIcNown, was born near Dublin, county 
Down, Ireland, about 1769, and he and his wife (of the same name and 
a distant relative) emigrated to America and became farmers of Brown 
county, Ohio; they lived to the respective ages of eighty-four and 
sixty-two years, and were faithful and esteemed citizens of their com- 
munity. They were the parents of two sons, John and William, the 
latter of whom died in early life, leaving two children. 

John McNown was born in Brown county, Ohio, May 10, 181 5, 
and had good schooling considering the educational advantages of the 
time. He was a soldier in the Thirty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 
having enlisted at Lincoln's second call for troops, and while in the 
army suffered a stroke of paralysis, for which he received a pension of 
from fourteen to thirty dollars a month during the rest of liis life, and 
his widow still draws twelve dollars a month. 

John McNown was twice married. In Ohio he was married to Miss 
Fraim, and tliev came west to Iowa, where they spent one winter, and 



256 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

in the spring of 1857 dro^•e through to Peru, Nebraska, where she died 
in i860. She was the mother of six children, all born before the re- 
moval in Nebraska, and only two of them grew up and none are now 
living. December 4, 1862, John McNown was married in Ohio to 
Miss Martha Hatton, who was born in Rockbridge county, \''irginia, 
August 18, 1830, a daughter of William and Delilah Hatton, both of 
Scotch-Irish nationality. Her father died in Virginia in 183 1, leaving 
his widow and their only daughter and child, and four years later she 
passed away, in the meantime having moved to Brown county, Ohio. 
!Mrs. McNown. thus orphaned, was reared by her maternal grand- 
parents in Ohio, and enjoyed a fair schooling. She and her husband 
moved to Peru in April, 1863, and here she has resided ever since. 
Thev were the parents of the following children: Calista N., the wife 
of Dr. T- F- Neal; Florence Nightengale, the wife of Otis McAdams, 
of Peru, has one son; Nannie Marie became the wife of Herbert W. 
Helms, a native of New York, who was a brick-maker and died in 
Peru at the age of thirty-seven years, August 16, 1898, and their only 
child, B. Otis, is a youth of fourteen and in school in Peru; John Rich- 
ard McNown is a railroad man in Oregon, and has a wife and two sons 
and one daughter; Lula Myrtle is the wife of James Grant Smith, of 
Peru, and has one son and one daughter; and Frank L., completes the 
family. 



JOHN F. CORNELL. 

John F. Cornell, of section 9, Liberty township, is one of the 
old settlers of Richardson county and has been prominent as an agri- 
culturist and public man in county and state affairs for a number of 
years. When he came to the state as a boy of nine years, nearly fifty 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 257 

years ago, Nebraska territory liacl been only recently organized and he 
has witnessed the entire growth and development of the country into one 
of the remarkably fertile states of the Union. The entire family has 
been indentified in many ways with Richardson county, and the first 
school taught in Liberty township was at the house of Mr. Cornell's 
father, who was also the teacher, and, for many years following, a 
director of the school district, which embraced four precincts, but had 
only fifteen scholars, Salem being in the large district. For many 
other reasons the name of Cornell is an honored one in Richardson 
county, and those who have borne the name have never failed in the 
discharge of their proper obligations to themselves, to the community 
and to all the institutions of church and state. 

Mr. Cornell was born in Indiana, February 7. 1847. His grand- 
father, .Smith Cornell, was born in North Carolina, where he was a 
farmer and also in Maryland, where he died in middle life, leaving six 
sons : Benjamin, who was a farmer in Ohio, where the family settled 
in 1836; William; John; Samuel, who settled in Indiana; Charles; and 
Nathaniel, an able minister of the Lutheran church, located in New 
York. The father of these sons was of \\'elsh descent, and during the 
war of 1 81 2 was a captain in the American army. 

John Cornell, father of John F., was born in Maryland in Decem- 
ber, 1808, and died .January 8, 1883, on his home farm on section 4, 
Liberty township, of this county. He married, in 1837. Levina Wil- 
hite, who was born in Maryland in 1814, and died in this county in 
1896. Her father came from Germany to INIaryland at a very early 
day, and many relatives are to be found in that state at the present 
time. After his marriage John Cornell moved to Indiana, settling in 
the woods, and taught school several years and also cleared up a farm. 
He began life very humbly, but was successful and a prominent per- 



258 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

sonage in every locality where he made his home. From Indiana he 
went to Nebraska, and in 1856 took up his residence in Richardson 
county. He and his wife had the following family of sons and daugh- 
ters: Mary Elizabeth, the wife of Alfred Hollingsworth, who is a 
large farmer of Idaho: Lydia Ann, who died in infancy; William 
Henry Harrison, who died in Verdon, Nebraska, in July, 1903. at the 
age of sixty-two, leaving three daughters, and who had served in the 
ranks for one year during the Civil war and afterwards farmed ; Mrs. 
Celestie \\'orley, a widow, in Boxbute, Nebraska, the mother of two 
daughters and one son: John F. ; Jane, who is the wife of Allen Ting- 
ley, of Oklahoma, and has a large family of sons ; Mrs. Catherine 
Simpson, a widow, of Lawrence, Kansas, with three sons, one of whom 
is a teacher in the Philippines; George Wash, of Auburn, Nebraska, 
who has a large family; and Charles T., who died at the age of thir- 
teen. 

Mr. John F. Cornell was reared to manhood in Nebraska, and 
spent two years as a student in the State University at Lincoln, after 
which he was a teacher for some time. The fine farm of two hundred 
acres which he has been operating for some years is known as the John 
Patterson farm, and he is also owner of one hundred and ninety-two 
acres of land in Oklahoma. He has been very successful in his busi- 
ness ventures, and is one of the representative agriculturists of the 
southeastern part of the state. For some years he was a stanch adher- 
ent of Republican principles and policies, but voted for W. J. Bryan 
in 1892 for Congress and at both the presidential elections. He has 
been in public affairs for many years, and has become known for his 
ability and unswerving integrity in all public acts. He served as state 
auditor for two terms, and the press of the state gave him unequivocal 
commendation for his conduct and excellent accounting of the large 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 259 

amounts of state funds. He was a member of the county Ijoard for 
five years. He is an active member of several fraternal orders, and in 
church affiliations is a Baptist, while his parents were both Presby- 
terians. 

December 21, 1882, Mr. Cornell married Miss Bell Patterson. 
They have four children of their own, and have adopted a bright boy 
of eight years. Zelie May, their first child, is the wife of Robert 
Mickle, on the staff of the daily Star at Lincoln, Nebraska; she was 
educated in the Lincoln high school and one year in the State Univer- 
sity, and taught for two years ; she is an able pianiste. Neenah Vashti, the 
second daughter, is in the Peru normal. Ann Eunice W. is a girl of 
thirteen, and Helen is aged nine years. All the family are blessed with 
fine physiques and the best of health, and are happy, interesting peo- 
ple, with something worth while to say and with plenty of ability to 
act in the world about them. 

Mrs. Cornell is the only daughter and only surviving child of 
John W. and Lucy (Girwell) Patterson. Her brother, Albert H. B. 
Patterson, died in his tenth year, November 25, 1871. John W. Patter- 
son, now a retired farmer of Verdon, came to Richardson county in 
August, 1858, from Birmingham, Van Buren county, Iowa. He was 
born in Lawrence county, Lidiana, close to Bedford, April 10, 1838. 
His grandfather, Gilbert Patterson, was born in North Carolina about 
1770, became an early settler of Davis county, Lidiana, and died there. 
By his wife, a Miss McBride, he had nine children: Rebecca Bynum; 
G. B. ; Betsey Lytton; William; Gilbert; Kizzie, wife of Wiliiam Baker; 
Dr. Mary Parsons, M. D. ; Louis Patterson, the only one living, and 
Nancy. 

G. B. Patterson, father of John W.. was born in North Carolina 
in 181 1, and died in Richardson county, Nebraska, in 1891. He mar- 



26o SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ried Patsy Cavaness, of Indiana, and they had three children, Mary 
Ann, who died at the age of five years ; John W. ; and Sarah, who died 
in infancy. 

John \\. Patterson was taken to Ilhnois in 1848, and there reared 
to manhood, receiving his schoohng in the subscription schools. Febru- 
ary II, 1S58, he married Miss I.ucy A. Girwell, who was born in 
Holmes county, Ohio, in 1834, a daughter of D. R. and Rachael (Speel- 
man) Girwell. Mr. Patterson came out to Richardson county soon 
after his marriage, and for some years was engaged in freighting 
across the plains to Denver and other points, laying the foundation of 
his later prosperity in this enterprise. He has been prominent in farm- 
ing and other lines of business in this state, but ten years ago sold 
his last farm, and has since lived in Verdon. While Mr. Cornell was 
state auditor he also resided in Lincoln. For several years he has writ- 
ten some fire and life insurance and attended to some collection business. 
For about ten years he did a large business in feeding and shipping 
live-stock. He has lived in this part of the state so many years that he 
has witnessed almost every detail of its progress. For many years he 
and his wife have been accustomed to making summer trips to the 
west, and from year to year the changes in the country through which 
he has traveled have been almost startling in, their rapidity, resulting ire 
a complete transformation of the region in a few years. 

Mr. Patterson is a Democrat in politics and fraternally is a Mas- 
ter IMason. His wife is a member of the Evangelical church. They 
are particularly proud and happy in their grandchildren, the children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Cornell, and find a renewing of years and delightful 
solace in their youthful companionship. 




MRS. SWEN A. ISAAC 




SWEN A. ISAAC 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 261 

SWEN A. ISAAC. 

Swen A. Isaac, one of the prominent citizens of lurkey Creek- 
precinct. Pawnee county, Nebraska, is a nati\-e of Sweden, wliere lie 
was born March 20, 1837. In his native land he was known as Isaacson, 
but he dropped the last syllable after locating in the United States. 
His parents bore the names of Isaac and Katrina (Johnson) Lorson. 
and both were born and died in Sweden. The father was born in 1800 
and the mother in 1813, and their deaths occurred in 1852 and in 1901 
respectively. Among the most cherished possessions of our subject is 
the old family Bible, in which there is recorded that these parents had 
eleven children. One died in infancy ; another' was evidently killed in 
the Civil war, as nothing was ever heard from him after the battle of 
Chickamauga, September 21, 1863. Our subject, a brother and three 
sisters, are the only survivors. 

Swen A. Isaac was reared upon his father's farm and commenced 
learning the trade of shoemaker, but never followed it. His education 
was very limited, and he came to the United States in July, 1857, set- 
tling first near Galesburg, Illinois, where he assisted in laying the very 
first foundation for a dwelling house in that vicinity. When the war 
broke out he was among the first to respond to the call for soldiers 
and enlisted, August 21, 1861, in Company A, Forty-second Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, under Captain Northrop, for three years, and after 
the expiration of his time he re-enlisted and was honorably discharged 
at Springfield, Illinois, at the close of the war. He lost his left arm at 
the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, in November, 1864, and at the same 
time received two other bullets in his body, either one of which the 
surgeons thought would cause his death. He was taken prisoner and 
confined in the Confederate prison, and through ignorance on the part 
of the physicians his arm was amputated when through proper care it 



262 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

might lia\'e been saved. He pleaded with the physicians to make tlie 
amputation below the elbow, for he knew he possessed a very strong 
constitution, but as this would have necessitated more trouble and the 
surgeons believed that his death was certain, the arm was taken off at 
the upper muscle. After he had been exchanged and discharged he 
returned to Illinois and located in Chicago, thinking he would be given 
a chance in the soldiers' home to go to school, but as it was full he 
determined to make his own way in life. Going into the country, he 
worked by the day and month, studying as opportunity offered. All 
during the war he had carried a spelling book and an arithmetic with 
him, and studied every spare hour, and when in the prison and in the 
several hospitals. About 1866 Mr. Isaac took a trip to Kansas and 
Nebraska. Returning to Illinois, he entered the Prairie City Academy, 
where he remained until spring, when he removed to Pawnee county and 
homesteaded a claim in Plum Creek precinct, just south and adjoining 
his present home in Turkey Creek precinct. He filed his claim in June 
of 1866 and after his return to Illinois he purchased his team and wagon. 
Then after his term in the academy he drove through to Nebraska as 
railroad facilities terminated eighteen miles northwest of St. Joseph, 
Missouri. He came west in company with two brothers, who also took 
up adjoining homesteads. Later he took up three hundred and twenty 
acres more. During the fall and winter of 1868-69 1^^ taught school, 
but as he felt his lack of proper pronunciation of the English language he 
decided not to follow teaching as a business. 

He was married on March 12, 1868, to Louisa Shewey, who was 
born in McLean county, Illinois, August 26, 1850. She is a daughter of 
Joseph and Margaret (Beaver) Shewey, the former of whom was 
born in Ohio, but died in Kansas aged seventy-six years, and the 
latter was born in Indiana and died near the home of her son-in-law, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 263 

Mr. Isaac, aged sixty-seven years. She and her husband were old pion- 
eers of the county and settled in Plum Creek precinct. Mrs. Isaac was 
one of a family of eight children, all yet living. 

About 1870 Mr. and Mrs Isaac moved into a little log cabin on the 
northern part of their land in Turkey Creek precinct where they lived 
and labored until 1880, and at that time erected their present comfortable 
home, one of the finest houses in Pavraee county. Five years later their 
fine barn was finished, and the two structures cost over $10,000. A good 
deal of the work Mr. Isaac did himself, as he hauled all the lumber from 
a half-dozen different towns in the county and helped the various work- 
men in the construction. 

Both he and his excellent wife are active members of the Baptist 
church at Burchard, of which he has been a deacon for over thirty years, 
while Mrs. Isaac is equally prominent in the ladies' society. They both 
have been workers in the church of Burchard since its organization and 
contributed largely towards the erection of the imposing church structure. 
Mr. Isaac was one of the first to join the G. A. R. post in Illinois and is 
at present commander of the William A. Butler Post No. 172, of Bur- 
chard and he was one of its charter members. He is also a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows local lodge and of the grand 
lodge of the state. His first vote was cast for General Grant in 1868, 
and he has since that time continued a staunch Republican. He has held 
about all the local offices, for six years was county commissioner and was 
first nominated when he was away from home, without his knowledge or 
consent. He is also one of the old justices of the peace. 

The career of Mr. Isaac has been a most remarkable one, for he 
came to this country absolutely penniless, and soon after his arrival 
entered the service of his adopted land, and in defense of tlje Union was 
maimed for life. In spite of a calamity which would have utterly pros- 



264 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

trated an ordinary man he has gone steadily ahead ever working upward, 
and is now one of the leading men of Pawnee county. His great ambi- 
tion in life, however, has been to educate himself, and he never has 
lost a single opportunity of acquiring knowledge. He is an upright 
and honorable man, a kind neighbor, a loving and devoted husband. 



JOHN W. HESKETT, M. D. 

John \\'. Heskett, M. D., is the longest established physician and 
surgeon of Salem, Richardson county, and for the twenty years, since 
April II, 1884, the date of his locating in this town, he has held a 
recognized place as a reliable and successful practitioner and a promi- 
nent and public-spirited citizen. Medicine was the profession toward 
which his aspirations early in life reached out to, and by considerable 
self-denial and energetic resolution he attained his M. D. some thirty 
years ago. Since then he has not failed to make definite progress to- 
ward high professional standards and successful practice with each 
year, and through the large part of a generation he has been favored 
with the confidence and been esteemed as the counselor and professional 
friend of many a household of Salem and the adjacent country. 

Dr. Heskett was born in West Carlisle, Coshocton county, Ohio. 
His father, Benjamin F. Heskett, was born in old Virginia, and during 
the Civil war was captain of Company C, Fifty-first Ohio Infantry, and 
was killed at the battle of Stone River. He left a wife, a half brother 
and this one son. His wife was Hannah Barcroft, a nati\'e of Harri- 
son county, Ohio, and a daughter of John Barcroft. Dr. Heskett lost 
his mother when he was three years old, and was then taken into the 
family and reared by his grandfather Barcroft and his second wife. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 265 

His early life was spent in Coshocton and Knox counties, Ohio, 
and he was well educated. After he had finished the common schools 
at Martinsburg he taught several terms, and then entered the Cincin- 
nati Medical College, from which he was graduated in 1874 with the 
degree of M. D. On March 1 1 of the same year he began practice in 
West Bedford, Ohio, where he continued his professional labors for 
ten years. At the time above mentioned he came to Salem. He located 
on the south side of the village, building a pleasant cottage home, on a 
hill overlooking the town and the surrounding country, and he is the 
only resident on the south side within the city corporation who has 
lived there for twenty years without moving. He has nine acres of 
ground around his home, enough to be dignified with the name of a 
farm, and on this he has placed all the improvements and planted the 
many fruit and ornamental trees. He has an extensive regular practice, 
and he has lived here so long that in his professional rounds he knows 
by sight or name every person he meets, lioth in town and tlie sur- 
rounding country. 

Dr. Heskett is a Master Mason and a member of the ]\Iodern 
Woodmen of America. In politics he was a Republican for many years, 
but is now a Democrat. He and his wife are members of the Metho- 
dist church. He is vice president of the Salem Chautauqua, which has 
a reputation throughout Southeastern Nebraska and has been a very 
successful assembly for ?e\-eral years. 

He was married, September 15, 1874, to Miss Anna E. Coulter, a 
natixe of Jefi"erson county, Ohio. Fixe children have been born to their 
union : Leo B. is operator and local cashier in the railroad office at 
Tccumseh, \ebraska, and has a wife and one daughter; Dasie V. is 
the wife of Rav Huston, cashier of the Salem Bank; A. Frank is the 
station agent at Thompson, Nebraska, and has a wife and one daughter; 



266 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Charles M. farms his fatlier's one hundred and twenty acre farm near 
Salem, and has a wife and two sons ; and the fifth child, a son, died in 
infancy. 



H. M. HEPPERI.EN. 

■ H. M. Hepperlen, pin-sician and surgeon of Beatrice, Nebraska, 
one of the leading men of his profession in that locality, has been a 
resident of that state since i8Si. He was born in Lycoming county, 
Pennsylvania, January 26, 1868, and is a son of John Hepperlen, the 
latter having been born in \Vurtemberg, German)', but is now de- 
ceased. The Plepperlen family is one of the good, substantial ones of 
Wurtemberg. Germany, where it originated. 

Dr. Hepperlen was educated in the high schools of his native 
county, and early evinced a taste for medicine, so that when he com- 
menced its study with Dr. C. A. Bradley he made rapid strides forward, 
and, entering the Keokuk (Iowa) Medical College, he w^as. graduated 
from it in 1891. In 1896 he was graduated from the Jefferson Medical 
College at Philadelphia, with the degree of M. D. In 1897 he took a 
post-graduate course in New York city, and then going abroad studied 
at A'ienna. in 1898, after which he returned to Beatrice. Nebraska, 
and resumed his practice, thoroughly fitted to carry on the particular 
branch of his profession which had always claimed much of his attention, 
and of which he now makes a specialty — diseases of women and surgery. 
Dr. Hepperlen was married in Beatrice, Nebraska, to Miss Rosa 
\\'arner, a nati\e of Scranton, Pennsylvania. Two children have been 
born to Dr. and Mrs. Hepperlen, namely : May Bernetta and Joseph T. 
In politics Dr. Hepperlen is a Republican, while fraternally he is a 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 267 

Kniglit Templar Mason belonging to Beatrice commandery. Being a 
close student Dr. Heppericn is thoroughly aljreast of all modern dis- 
coveries and is meeting with marvelous success, and although yet a 
young man has the confidence of the con.nunity at large and numbers 
amoug his patients the very best people of the locality. Pleasing in 
manner, courteous and genial, he has made and retained a large num- 
ber of friends. \\'hen he came to Beatrice in 1899 he established what 
is known as the Dr. H. ]\1. Hepperlen Private Hospital, for the 
treatment of the diseases of women and surgery. 



JOHN DAVIES. 

John Davies, the well known fruit farmer of Brownville, is num- 
bered among the early pioneers nf the cnuntry, where he has made his 
home for the long period of thirty-four years. He was born on the 
border land of Wales, in Radnorshire, on the 21st of June, 1847, being 
a son of Edward and Mary Da\-ies, the former of whom was a tailor 
and lived and died in Wales, passing away at the age of seventy years. 
They were the parents of three children, two daughters and a son, 
one of the former dying wh.en young, and the other, Elizabeth, became 
the wife of a Mr. Corns and died when young, leaving three children. 
In the land of his birth Jolm Davies received but meager school 
advantages, and in 1869 he bade adieu to the home of his childhood 
and youth and sailed for the United States, landing in New York 
city, whence he made his way to Chicago, and one month later came to 
Brownville, Nebraska, arri\'ing here on the 17th of June, 1869. When 
he left Chicago his wealth consisted of one hundred dollars, and after 
his arrival here he secured employment with John A. Carson, the first 



268 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

banker in the state, with whom he remained as coachman and in other 
capacities for nine years. His present fine fruit farm of thirty acres 
Hes partly within the corporate limits of Brownville, and has been 
the home of Mr. and Mrs. Davies for twenty-eight years. When he 
secured this property it was covered with a native growth of timber, 
and all the improvements which now add to its value an'i attractive 
appearance stand as monuments to his thrift and buisness ability. 
Among these may lie mentioned the pleasant and attractive residence, 
two stories in height and containing seven rooms, also his large barn 
and fruit house, while in his orchard may be found a large variety of 
nursery stock. He has planted one thousand apple trees, two thousand 
peach trees, about four acres of strawberries, and he annually garners 
large quantities of both the large and the small fruits. 

On the 6th of August, 1875, in Brownville, Mr. Davies was united 
in marriage to Mrs. Amanda J- Gaunt, a native of Gibson county, Indi- 
ana, and a daughter of George King, who followed farming in both 
Indiana and Missouri, removing to the latter state at the close of the 
Civil war. He reared nine children, five sons and four daughters, and 
all are married and scattered throughout many different states, residing 
in Indiana, Kansas City and Colorado. By her first marriage Mrs. 
Davies had one daughter, who is now the wife of W. C. Sloan, of 
Grand Junction, Colorado, and has three daughters. The union of our 
subject and wife has been blessed with one son, William J., who grad- 
uated from the Brownville high school, and for two terms thereafter 
was employed as teacher. In the fall of 1901 he was a candidate for 
the district clerkship on the Prohibition ticket, and for the past few 
years he has been engaged in the fruit and real estate business with his 
father, the firm being known as Davies & Son. They are meeting with 
.splendid success both as fruit growers and in the wholesale and retail 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 269 

nursery business, and are numbered among the leading business men 
of this community. The son married Minnie Shantz, and they have 
one little son, named Willie. Mr. and Mrs. John Davies are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he has served as steward 
and trustee, and for one year was also district steward. He gives his 
political support to the Prohibition party, and was its nominee for the 
office of county commissioner, while for a number of years past he has 
been a member of the school board. 



A, D. ANDREWS. 

A. D. Andrews, who owns a beautiful farm of three hundred and 
fifty-two acres in Clay township, Pawnee county, Nebraska, was born 
in Somerset county, Maine, June 9, 1848. He is a son of James An- 
drews, who was born in Maine. James Andrews was a son of Dudley 
Andrews, a soldier of 18 12, born of English parents. James Andrews 
was a carpenter by trade, a good workman and one who was very suc- 
cessful in life. He married Erances Haines, daughter of Thomas 
Haines. In 1857 James Andrews and wife moved west to Floyd county, 
Iowa, where during the Civil war James enlisted in an Iowa regiment. 
He later went to Texas, near Dallas, where he died at the age of sixty, 
having been a firm Republican and a prominent Mason. He left two 
children, A. D, and Adelia F. Lepley, of Nemaha county, Kansas. The 
mother still survives and is now eighty years of age and a consistent 
member of the United Brethern church. 

A. D. Andrews was reared upon the farm in Iowa and educated 
in the pioneer schools of his locality. At the age of fourteen he came 
to Nebraska, settling in Pawnee county, where on December 31, 1868, 



270 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

he married Sarah EHzabeth McCoy, who was born in Michigan, a 
daughter of Allen and Julia (Harless) McCoy, the former a native of 
Virginia and now a resident of New Mexico. These parents had the 
following children: George \V., a soldier in the United States army 
who lives in New Mexico; Almirtha Jane; James Allen, a soldier in 
the state militia of Nebraska, but who lives in New Mexico ; Sarah E. ; 
Cyntha Ann; Letitia; Harvey, New Mexico; Charles Robert; Lydia 
Zella; and three who died in infancy. 

Mr. Andrews settled in South Forks township in 1862, but in 1875 
he came to his present farm, which is one of the best in the state. He 
has his farm fully equipped with all modern appliances, and it is appro- 
priately called Pleasant Hill. Mr. Andrews devotes his land to gen- 
eral farming and stock-raising. The fields are surrounded by hedge 
fences. 

The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Andrews are as follows: Mrs. 
Almirtha Byers ; Minnie Gertrude Hutton ; Mary Agnes ; and Zella Mabel, 
the last three of whom are popular teachers of Pawnee county and were 
all educated at the Nebraska State Normal School; Levi James; Edith 
R., is a student of the State Normal School; Lillian Grace, and Clin- 
ton Lyle. Mr. Andrews is a very popular Republican, and the family 
are all connected with the United Brethern church, of which he is a 
trustee. 



JAMES HARVEY OVERMAN. ' 

James Harvey Overman, who is for the second time in the last 
thirty years serving as an efficient postmaster, lacks only a few years 
of having completed a half century of residence in a state which has 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 271 

only existed that length of time as a territorial organization, and he 
was taking up liis active career in hfe when the territory was made one 
of the states of the Union. He has been engaged in the mercantile 
business in several Nebraska towns in addition to his career in public 
office, and at all times and in all places has displayed qualities of loyal 
citizenship, upright manhood and strictest integrity and fair dealing. 

Mr. Overman's family record details much that is connected with 
the early life of various communities, and the representatives of the 
name ha\-e always filled honorable and useful places in the v/orld. His 
ancestry on the paternal side is Holland Dutch, and of his grandparents 
he remembers little, except that his grandfather was one of the earlv 
settlers and a farmer of Indiana, where he died in 1830, in early life, 
leaving by his wife, who was a INIiss Amick, a large family. 

James L. Overman, the father of James Harvey Overman, was an 
old and esteemed citizen of Richardson county, Nebraska, He -was born 
in Clark county, Indiana, February 15, 1824, and died at his home in 
Stella. Nebraska, December 28, 1894, aged seventy years, ten months 
and thirteen days. At the time of his birth Indiana was almost an un- 
broken wilderness, and he grew up surrounded by all the pioneer condi- 
tions which have fitted so many men for large positions in the world's 
strife, and at the same time compelled them to undergo hardships and 
privations which in the twentieth century would seem unendurable, and 
which, in fact, cannot be realized by the present generation. In 1852 he 
moved with his family to Missouri, where he remained until 1858, when 
he advanced further out on what was then the western frontier and lo- 
cated at St. Deroin, Nebraska. He operated a ferry at this place, and 
many of the older families in this section of the state can yet remember 
having crossed the river under his guidance. Roving bands of Indians 
and outlaws infested the country at that time and made both residents 



272 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

and property insecure, and the cliildren were seldom allowed to go be- 
yond call. Land was then worth from sixty-two and a half cents to a 
dollar and a c|uarter an acre, and went begging at that price. In March, 
1861, Mr. J. L. Overman enlisted in Company D. Fifth Missouri Vol- 
unteer Cavalry, and served sixteen months until he was discharged for 
disability. He saw a great deal of the roughest kind of. work in fighting 
the bushwhackers under Ouantrell, Jesse James and others. After being 
discharged he engaged in the cooperage business in St. Joseph, Missouri, 
and for the following ten years prospered, after which he again came 
to St. Deroin, where he lived until 1884, when he moved to Stella, where 
his long and busy life was brought to a close, peacefully and quietly 
for one who had witnessed so many stormy scenes. 

James L. Overman became a member of the Christian church when 
he was twenty years old, and lived and died true to that faith. He was 
a loyal member of Shubert Post, G. A. R. December 2q, 1845, h^ '^^'as 
married to Miss Mary Daily, who was born in Clark county, Indiana, 
May 16, 1819, and is still living in Stella, at the age of eighty-four years, 
and several others from a family of sixteen brothers and sisters, of whom 
she was the first born, are living. There were four children born of 
this union : Kate is the widow of Peter Fraker, of Stella, and has three 
children; Andrew M., who enlisted, in 1865, at the age of fifteen, in the 
Forty-eighth Missouri, and because of his youthful strength and vigor 
gave loyal service till the end of the war, is now living in Oklahoma ter- 
ritory and has one son and one daughter; Arabelle, who lives in Stella, 
is the widow of John M. McCullough, who died in Ktmsas in September, 
1900, leaving one daughter, Ona, who is now serving as the assistant 
postmaster in her uncle's oflice; James H. Overman is the youngest of 
this family. 

James Harvey Overman was born in Clark county, Indiana, January 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 273 

10, 1852, and was brouglit by iiis parents to St. Deroin, Nebraska. May 
6. 1858. He liad a common schooling until he was seventeen years old, 
and tlien became a clerk in his brother-in-law's store at Deroin. He has 
been a resident of Stella most of the time for the past twenty vears, 
having come here soon after the town was laid out. He received his 
first appointment as postmaster from President Hayes, in 1879, ^^ Deroin, 
serving over a year, when he moved to Corning, Missouri, and his 
second from President McKinley. and was also appointed by Roosevelt, 
April 27, 1004, as postmaster of Stella. His business life has been de- 
voted to merchandising and hotel-keeping. He was in l)u^iness at St. 
Deroin from. 1868 to July, 1871. in Severance, Kansas, until 1874, from 
then till March, 1879, in St. Deroin, for the following three vears in 
Corning. IMissouri, and since that time has been in Stella with the ex- 
ception of ten months spent in conducting the Enoch House in Hum- 
boldt. 

He is now building a modern hotel at Stella, of twenty-three rooms, 
three stories, brick structure, furnace beat, located on ^lain and Third 
streets. 

Mr. Overman was married March 24, 1878, to ]\Iiss Lucinda Marie 
Thomas, a native of Putnam county, ^Missouri. They have not been 
blessed with any children of their own, but their home has seldom been 
without young people. Their foster daughter, Mary Palmer, came to live 
with tlieiu at the age of twelve, and was educated in Stella, and was 
married there. September 22. 1895, to W. Harris, a son of a wealthy 
farmer, and they are now engaged in sheep ranching in North 
Yakima, Washington, where they took up their residence in ^larch, i8g6, 

Mrs. Overman's father, Elijah P. Thomas, was born at Maysville, 
Kentucky, h'ebruary 11, 1827. His great-grandfather came from Wales, 
and his grandfather, Solomon Thomas, was a soldier in the Re\-olutioii, 



274 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

going from his native state of Virginia. John Thomas, the father of 
Elijah P. Thomas, was born in Kentucky about 1795, and when about 
seventeen years old became a soldier in the war of 1812. He was a miller 
and a farmer. He married Margaret Harmer, of Champaign county, 
Ohio, and they reared nine of their twelve children, all of whom married 
and had children, and the oldest, William Thomas, is living in Oregon 
at the age of eighty-three years. Their mother died in Putnam county, 
Missouri, in old age, and their father died in Scotland county, Missouri, 
at the age of eighty. 

Elijah P. Thomas was married September 15, 1859, in Knoxville, 
Iowa, to Miss Samantha Ann Hillis, who was born March 18, 1833, a 
daughter of ]..!). B. Hillis, M. D., who was l)orn in Bourbon county, Ken- 
tucky, January 10. 1810, was college bred, and married Lucinda Stearett, 
who was born in Ohio, near Urbana, in 181 3, and died in 1843, leaving 
three children, as follows : Samantha Ann ; Mary E. Stephens, a widow ; 
and Minerva, the wife of H. H. Pierce, of Portland, Oregon, and 
her first husband was a brother of Elijah Thomas, Stephen Thomas, who 
died in the hospital during the Civil war. The father of these daugh- 
ters, was assistant surgeon to the Second Wisconsin Cavalry and was 
present at the surrender of Vicksbtirg. Elijah Thomas and his wife were 
hotel-keepers in Missouri, and are now living retired in Stella, Nebraska. 



FRED. S. HASSLER. 

Fred. S. Hassler, editor and proprietor of The Pawnee City Press, 
is one of the oldest and best known newspaper men of the state of 
Nebraska, having been connected with the profession in this state for a 
full third of a century. The Press is one of the influential papers of 




FRED. S. HASSLER 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 275 

southeastern Nebraska, ably edited and conducted in the interests of 
progress and pubHc welfare. The plant is number one in all its equip- 
ment, and perfect workmanship marks the paper throughout. Mr. Hass- 
ler has been very successful in the conduct of The Press for the past 
fifteen years, and has made it an organ for good and social uplift 
throughout the county. 

Mr. Hassler arrived in Pawnee City when it was a mere village, 
coming from Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, where he had been engaged in 
work on the Chronicle and the Gazette. He had learned his trade 
on the Greensburg ( Pennsylvania) Herald, and sulisequently worked on 
the Meadville Republican, the first daily paper started in Meadville, 
Pennsylvania. He came to Pawnee City on the first day of November, 
1870, and immediately associated himself with the late Judge J. L. 
Edwards in the publication of the Pawnee Tribune, which name was 
afterwards changed to the Pawnee Republican, under which title it is 
still published. Mr. Hassler sold this paper to his brother and uncle, 
and then bought the Pawnee Banner, which he ultimately sold, buying 
the Table Rock Argus. In 1886, when the town of Dubois was started 
in Pawnee county, he established the Times in that place, but eventually 
sold both this and the Argus to purchase the Beaver City (Nebraska) 
Tribune, which he conducted until 1889, then selling it to F. N. Mer- 
win, now private secretary of Hon. George W. Norris, congressman of 
the Fifth Nebraska district. Mr. Hassler then returned to Pawnee City 
and became the owner of TJie Press, which he has published ever since. 

Mr. Hassler's two oldest childien, William Nessley and Walter 
Earle, are now connected with the Livingston (IMontana) Post. His 
three daughters, IMabel, Hazel and Helen, are at home with their parents, 
at their residence on Western avenue. Mrs. Hassler is a cousin of the 
late ex-Governor David Butler, and her father was an early pioneer 



276 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Nebraska!!, and a member of tbe legislature which removed the state 
capital from Omaha to Lincoln. Mr. Hassler is a brother-in-law of 
Hon. W. B. Raper, and an uncle by marriage of County Attorney John 
B. Raper, of Pawnee City, both well known residents of southeastern 
Nebraska. 

Mr. Hassler was the first city clerk when Pawnee City was incorpor- 
ated, and served in that capacity for two terms. He lias endeavored 
to give his best influence for the good of county and state, and instances 
might be mentioned where these efiforts have been highly appreci_ated 
bv his fellow citizens. 



CYRUS C. MEADER. 

Cyrus C. Meader. one of the prosperous farmer.s of section 
25, Clay township, of Pawnee county, Nebraska, owns a beautiful home 
of three hundred and twenty acres. He was born in Waukesha countv. 
^^'isconsin, August 26, 1844, and is a son of Gideon ]\Ieader, who was 
born at Earmington, Vermont, a son of James Meader. also a n-i.tive 
of Vermont. Gideon Meader was reared on a Vermont farm, and when 
he attained to maturity moved to Montreal, Canada, v.here he married 
Louisa Purrington, a daughter of Elijah Purrington. Francis Cnok, 
a relative of Louisa Purrington. came tn this countrv on the Mayflower. 
Li the year 1841 Gideon and his wife went to Waukesha county, Wiscon- 
sin, and later to Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, and from there to Nemaha 
county, Neliraska. where he died at the age of fifty-two vears. For a num- 
ber of years he was a successful farmer and in politics was a sturdy Repub- 
lican. The mother died at the age of seventy-nine years and both were 
Quakers in their religious persuasion. The children born to these parents 
were as follows : Nathan ; Cyrus C. ; Anna Maria, of Elmo, Missouri ; 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 277 

Curtis, of Seattle, \\'ashington ; Eunice Parl<er. of \'ictor, Montana ; 
Joshua, a merchant of Ehno, Missouri. 

Cyrus C. Header was reared in Fond du Lac county on a farm and 
early learned the meaning of hard work. He ne\'er had many educatioiial 
advantages. On May 4, 1864, he was married to Josephine ]\Iartin. She 
was born at Jericho, Vermont, a daughter of Porter Martin, Porter Mar- 
tin was born in Vermont and reared near the old home of Colonel Ethan 
Allen. He was a soldier in the war of 1812. Porter Martin married 
Margaret Griffith, also a native of Vermont, \\ho died at the age of forty- 
seven years. For many years he was a sailor on the lakes. In politics he 
was a Republican. Six children were born to Porter IMartin and wife, 
Josephine; Myron; Betsy; Fannie, of Smith county, Kansas; Giles, of 
Lincoln, Nebraska; Clarence, of Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. 

In 1864. Mr. and Mrs. Meader went to Polk county, Iowa, and re- 
mained there one winter. In 1865 they removed to Nebraska and lived 
in Nemaha county until fall of 1868, then moved to Pawnee county, Ne- 
braska, on one hundred and twenty acres, which they sold and later 
bought three hundred and twenty acres. They now have a beautiful rural 
home in Clay township, on which they have erected a house at a cost of 
one thousand and three hundred dollars. On the south side is a fine bear- 
ing orchard. He makes a specialty of raising hogs and cattle. 

Mr. Meader has always been a good Republican and has strongly 
espoused the cause of good roads. He has served as road supervisor for 
sixteen years. He is a member of the United Brethren church and is one 
of the trustees and an ex-superintendent. Genial, kind-hearted, indus- 
trious, always ready to give to those in need, Mr. Meader is held in high- 
est esteem by his fellow townsmen and has many friends throughout the 
country. 

The children born to Mr. and :Mrs. jMeader are: Bertha Dickinson, of 



278 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Puyallup, Washington; Lillian Edgerton, of Puyallup, Washington: 
Gideon, of Snohomish, Washington ; Harry, of Clay township ; Blanche, 
school teacher ; and Herbert, the two latter residing at home. 



ROBERT T. SCOTT. 

Robert T. Scott, proprietor of the Green Dale stock farm and 
tlie owner of the best herd of shorthorn cattle in Southeastern Nebraska, 
was born in Roxburyshire, Scotland, in 1840. He is a son of Matthew 
and Kittie (Temple) Scott, both of whom died in Scotland, the father 
when our subject was small. 

At the age of fourteen years Mr. R. T. Scott came to America and 
went to live with his uncle, Henry Scott, at Toulon, Stark covmty, Illi- 
nois, and grew to maturity on the farm. In June, 1861, he enlisted for 
service in the Civil war, in Company B, Nineteenth Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, and participated in many of the important battles of the war, 
the most important being Stone River, Missionary Ridge, Chickamauga, 
Buzzard's Roost, Resaca and Nashville, and serving under some of the 
most distinguished and gallant officers. His record is an honorable one 
and he was honorably discharged in 1864. 

Mr. Scott then came to Pawnee county, Nebraska, and located five 
miles southwest of his present home, but thirty years ago he sold that 
property and came to Green Dale. Here Mr. Scott owns a fine estate of 
six hundred and sixty acres, rich bottom land, and no better can be found 
in the state. It is watered by Turkey creek and Johnson's creek, and thus 
he overcomes the greatest drawback to farming or stock-raising in Ne- 
braska. The abundance of water also insures plenty of shade, and in a 
fine grove of walnut, oak and boxekler the old settlers of this locality 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. . 279 

meet to tell of early experiences and to greet old friends. Mr. Scott has 
a blue grass pasture which rivals those of Kentucky, and his meadows 
and corn fields put those of Illinois to shame. Mr. Scott has spent many 
thouands of dollars in making improvements here and in introducing his 
fine herds, but he has also realized many thousands on account of their 
value. Mr. Scott has here an ideal country home, his residence and other 
buildings being adornments to the landscape. He is the pioneer breeder 
of shorthorn cattle and owns a herd of one hundred registered animals. 
He also breeds Poland China hogs. He has done much to raise the 
standard in cattle and other stock in this section. 

On March 10, 1866, Mr. Scott was married to Anna P. Rogers, who 
was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, and was a daughter of the late P. M. 
and Sarah (Beeler) Rogers, old settlers of Pawnee county. Mrs. Scott 
died January 27, 1902. She was a most estimable lady and possessed 
the grace and hospitality of her southern birth. The children of this 
marriage were : Mrs. Sadie Wheeler, of Montesano, Washington ; Katie ; 
Effie; Charles M. ; Robert; Frank; John T. and George C. Five are de- 
ceased, one of these, Harry S., being a young man of great promise. Burr 
died at the age of four years. Matthew died aged two years, John died 
at the age of sixteen, and an infant died aged one year. 

Mr. Scott has served Pawnee county as commissioner for nine years 
and has also been assessor, filling every office with efficiency. He be- 
longs to John Ingham Post No. 95, Grand Army of the Republic. He 
is one of the most public-spirited and progressive men of this section 
and is liberal in his support of education and church work. Few men 
of this county are more universally esteemed. 



28o SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

JOHN A. WARD. 

John A. Ward, ex-manager of rin-al mail route Xo. 4, of Paw- 
nee city, Nebraska, is a well known and respected citizen. He was born 
May 18, 1847, near Bloomington, McLean county, Illinois, and was a 
lad of eleven years when he came to the territory of Nebraska, on April 
II, 1858. He is a son of David Adison and Sarah (Harrah) Ward, 
the later of whom was born in Indiana and was a daughter of Dr. John 
Harrah, a native of \A'est Virginia. She was her husband's second wife. 

David A. Ward was born in Greenbrier county. West Virginia, and 
he married first a Miss Reeves and had three children : James O., Susan 
L. and David A. He died in 185 1 and left his widow in McLean county, 
Illinois, with two children: John A. and Joseph R., who died in Ottawa 
county, Kansas. The mother later married John N. Burge, and in 1858 
tliey came to Nebraska and took up a claim in Pawnee county. Here 
Mr. Burge died and his widow made her home in Pawnee county with 
her step-children, Lydia and Lucinda. Later she married Reason Ball 
and she died at the age of fifty-five years. She was a true pioneer woman 
and possessed all the endurance and many virtues of that courageous 
class. She was beloved in life and mourned in death- 

In June, 1862, Mr. John A. Ward enlisted in the army, entering 
Company I, Fifty-fifth Indiana W)Iunteer Infantry, and was on duty at 
Frankfort, Richmond and Lexington, Kentucky. In 1863, after his hon- 
orable discharge, he visited his mother in Indiana and then returned to 
Pawnee city, after spending two years at Minneapolis, Ottawa county, 
Kansas. At the age of twenty-five years he was married in Pawnee coun- 
ty to Hannah Gallagher, a most estimable lady. She was born near Zanes- 
ville, Ohio, and is a daughter of Davis and Elizabeth (Morrison) Gal- 
lagher, early settlers of Pawnee county, who lived through the early 
Indian troubles in Nebraska. Her father was the first blacksmith in 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 281 

Pawnee city and lived to the age of eighty-four years. He was a strong 
Repubhcan. He died in 1896. 

The mother died in 1879. Both parents were much respected and 
belonged to the hospitable and kind and neighborly people of this com- 
munity. Their children were: J\Irs. Ann Syrung; Mrs. Marj^ Stall; Mrs. 
Hannah Ward; Mrs. Susan McKee, deceased; John; and James, of Paw- 
nee cit\-. Both I\lrs. Ward and Mrs. McKee were among the first teach- 
ers in Pawnee county. j\lr. Ward served for six months under Colonel 
Mason, on the plains, in the Indian war. 

On November 15, 1900, Mr. Ward began his service on the rural 
mail route and continued in that service for thirty-two months. His ser\- 
ices were satisfactory in e\-ery particular and he had hosts of friends. 
His daughters are both capable business women, the elder, Lenie, being a 
teacher and also the manager of the Girl's Industrial School at Geneva, 
Nebraska, and the other, Susie, being a popular clerk in this city. Mrs. 
Ward and daughters belong to the Christian church. Mr. and Mrs. 
Ward have taken little Fern Burlingame to rear and educate. 

In politics Mr. Ward is a Republican and is the youngest ex-soldier 
member of John Ingham Post No. 95, of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public. 



LEWIS H. DEAN. 

Lewis H. Dean, who is one of the old settlers of Pawnee coun- 
ty, Nebraska, coming to Clay township in 1878, is a highly respected 
citizen and an honored survivor of the Civil war. He was born March 
5, 1838, at Xenia, Ohio, and is a son of Joseph Dean, who was born in 
Kentucky, in 1804, and a grandson of Daniel Dean, who was born in 



282 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

county Down, Ireland. The family was established in Kentucky shortly 
a'fter the settlement of Daniel Boone. 

Joseph Dean crossed the river into Ohio, in young manhood, and 
there married Hannah Boggs, who was born in Gallia county, Ohio, a 
daughter of Samuel Boggs, who later moved to northwestern Indiana. 
Joseph Dean and wife took up a homestead farm in Ohio and lived there 
all their lives engaged in farming, both passing away when about eighty 
years old. Mr. Joseph Dean was a Whig in politics. The Dean family was 
Presbyterian in religious belief, while the Boggs's were Methodists. These 
parents had children born to them as follows : George Washington died 
in Ohio; Mrs. Julia A. Struthers died at Monmouth, Illinois; Daniel, of 
Cedarville, Ohio; Louise and Willis both died young; Lewis H. ; Anna 
Oldham lives in Xenia; Joseph N., of Xenia, was a member of Company 
B, Fortieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry and for years after the war served 
as probate judge; Mrs. Mary C. Wright lives in Dayton, Ohio; Samuel 
S. is a prominent man in Green county and lives on the old homestead; 
and Eliza J., wife of Rev. Renwick, died in Henderson county, Illinois. 

Lewis H. Dean grew up in Ohio and attended the district schools. 
On April i6, 1861, he enlisted in defense of his country's flag, just four 
days after Fort Sumter had been fired upon, entering the Twelfth Ohio 
Infantry for ninety days. His second enlistment was on August 12, 
1862, with Company H, Ninety-fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and 
his faithful service continued until the close of the war. He served under 
Generals Rosecrans and Thomas and took part in many of the leading- 
battles of the war, among these being Perryville, Stone River, Chicka- 
mauga, Missionary Ridge, and Bentonville, later going with Sherman 
to the sea; marching through the Carolinas and triumphantly to the 
grand review at Washington city. Mr. Dean came out of the service 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 283 

unharmed and had never been incapacitated for duty. He has a record 
of which he may justly be proud. 

On November 5, 1861, Mr. Dean was married to Miss Panetta 
Haines, who was born in Greene county, Ohio, and is a daughter of Sam- 
uel P. and Rebecca (McFarland) Haines, an old Tennessee family, and 
a brother of Alfred A. Haines, who was a soldier in the Eighth Ohio 
Cavalry and now lives in Texas. In 1867 Mr. Dean removed to Clay 
county, Illinois, but in 1878 came to Pawnee county, Nebraska. He 
secured a farm of two hundred and forty acres, but this he sold in 1901. 
He went to California in 1893 and spent eighteen months there. Mrs. 
Dean died May 26, 1895, aged fifty-seven years. She was the beloved 
mother of these children; Mrs. Lula M. Albro died at Pasadena, Cal- 
ifornia; Mrs. Florence McCall, of Washington, Kansas; Lida Gertrude 
died at the age of eleven years, at White Hall, Illinois, on the journey 
to Nebraska; Rena is Mrs. Frankenfield of Pawnee city; Mrs. Cora Lo- 
baugh, of Washington, Kansas; Willis is a successful physician of Sioux 
City, Iowa; Clara E. is the wife of Dr. A. P. Fitzsimmons, of Tecumseh, 
Nebraska ; Frank A. is a dentist at Colville, Washington ; Joseph Calvin, 
a bright young man, was accidentally killed in 1890. 

On October 28, 1896, Mr. Dean married Mrs. Harriet A. Stephen- 
son, who is a daughter of William and Senath (Powers) Farrow, of 
Axtell, Kansas. She had two brothers in the Civil war, Gideon, a member 
of an Iowa regiment, and William, a member of an Illinois regiment. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dean have a home in Pawnee city and own two valu- 
able farms in Washington county, Kansas, and one of one hundred and 
ninety-six acres near Emmons. In politics Mr. Dean is a Prohibitionist 
and he belongs to the John Ingham Post No. 95, Grand Army of the 
Republic. They have several articles of great historic values in their 



284 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



home, one a table one hundred and ninety-three years old. and a gold- 
smith's mortar formerly used to crush eold. 



ROBERT D. BENNETT. 

Robert D. Bennett, one of the prosperous and highly respected 
farmers of Douglas precinct, Nemaha county, Nebraska, was born in' 
Scotland, near Edinburg, December 2, 1833. 

His father, Hugh Bennett, also a native of Scotland, was by occupa- 
tion a coal miner, who came first to America, about 1823, to see his only 
brother, whose death, however, occurred in Pennsylvania before his ar- 
rival here. After eighteen months spent in this country at that time, he 
returned to Scotland. Subsequently, at dififerent times, members of the 
family came to America, a son-in-law, James Stoddard, and his wife 
and children, being the first. They came in 1848. In 1850 the father 
returned, accompanied by his son William, and in 185 1 they were fol- 
lowed by the mother and two daughters and Robert D. This last party 
was five weeks and two days in making the voyage from Liverpool to 
New Orleans. They settled in Jackson county, Illinois. The following 
year, 1852, while at St. Lousi Missouri. Hugh Bennett died of cholera, 
his age at death being a little more than sixty years. His widow died in 
Belleville, Illinois, in i860. She was before marriage Miss Jane Robin- 
son. Of their eight children, six reached adult age, namely : A^iolet, wife 
of James Stoddard, died in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1852; Barbara died 
in Scotland; William died in Nemaha county, Nebraska, in 1901 ; Mrs. 
Sarah Nicholson is a widow residing in Nemaha county; Robert D. is 
the next in order of birth, and Ann is the wife of Henry Naysmith, of 
Nemaha county. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 285 

Robert D. Bennett had limited educational advantages in his youth, 
his schooling being obtained chielly in night sessions. At the early age 
of ten years he began work in the mines. He remained a member of 
the home circle until his marriage. 

Mr. Bennett was first married, in 1856, in St. Louis, Missouri, to 
!Miss Jane Kinghorne, who died, childless, at Belleville, Illinois, in 1862. 
March 4, 1869, he married Miss Sarah E. Long, daughter of John and 
Rachael (Price) Long. John Long was a native of Washington coun- 
ty, Maryland, born August i, 181 1, and his wife was a native of Balti- 
more county, that state, the date of her birth being October 29, 181 1. 
They were married at Beardstuwn, Illinois, November 2. 1836, and set- 
tled soon afterward on a farm in St. Clair county, Illinois, where they 
made their home until 1S52. That year they moved to Atchison county, 
Missouri, and in 1856 they came to Nemaha county, Nebraska. Before 
the family moved here, Mr. Long visited this locality on a prospecting 
trip. He was the first white man here. The first house he built — a double 
log house — was burned by the Indians. In 1857, the year following their 
permanent settlement, he pre-empted a claim, and in 1866 he took a 
homestead claim, making in all three hundred and twenty acres ; and by 
industry and good management he accumulated a competency. He and 
his good wife were the parents of ten children, as follows: Ephraim, 
born in 1838, died in Nemaha county, in ]\[ay, 1890, leaving a familv 
of four .sons and one daughter: John, who died in childhood in Illinois; 
A. J., who died in 1856; Mrs. Bennett, born in Illinois, August 9, 1842; 
Melinda Ann, wife of William Stoddard, was born in 1844: Josephine, 
wife of John Loveless; Rachel Meh'ina, wife of Elbridge Hughes; Mary 
Jane; Louisa B., died at the age of thirteen years: and the youngest, a 
daughter, died in infancy, in Illinois. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bennett have had seven children, namely: Robert, 



286 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

who died at the age of sixteen months; Mary ]., wife of J. G. Ramsey; 
Frank, a farmer, resides near his father; Anna, wife of Albert Allspa; 
Rachael, wife of Russell Razean; Grace, at home; and an infant son. 
Mr. Bennett has taken pleasure in affording his children better educa- 
tional advantages than it was possible for him to have in his youth. His 
daughter Anna won the one hundred dollar prize, awarded for scholar- 
ship, at the Auburn high school. 

It was on Christmas Day, 1869, that Mr. Bennett landed in Nemaha 
county, Nebraska, with his wife, and they took up their permanent abode 
here on land he purchased at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre. 
Several years previous to this, in 1857, he had been here and pre-empted 
land. A change in the law, however, made this pre-emption claim invalid. 
He is the owner of two hundred acres, well improved, where he carries 
on general farming. During the early years of his residence here he 
worked early and late, but of recent years as his health and strength 
have waned, he has turned the laborious part of the farm work over to 
younger and stronger hands. His present residence he built in 1883. 
A large two-story, square house, it stands in a pleasant location; its 
books and its pictures, and its general surroundings, both inside and 
out, give evidence of the culture and refinement of the family as well 
as the prosperity which is theirs. 

Mr. Bennett cast his first presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln, 
and has harmonized with the Republican party ever since, always taking 
an active interest in local affairs and frequently, as a delegate, attending 
the conventions of his party. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 287 

O. H. LOCH. 

O. H. Loch, county treasurer of Pawnee county, Nebraska, is one 
of the well-known and popular citizens of this part of the state. He was 
born August 3, 1875, in Pawnee county, and is a son of the late Walter 
Loch, an early settler here and a native of Scotland. In that country 
Walter Loch married Isabella Rutherford, and in 1859 they came to the 
United States and settled in Henry county, Illinois. Fourteen years la- 
ter they came to Pawnee county, Nebraska, and settled in West Branch 
township, where Walter Loch operated a farm. He died there at the 
age of seventy years. He became a man of prominence in his township 
and held many positions of trust and responsibility. In politics he was a 
Republican and served many times as delegate to conventions and for 
three years was a county commissioner. The mother of our subject died 
at the age of sixty-five years. Both parents were most estimable Christian 
people. They had a family of eleven children born to them as follows : 
Mrs. Jennie Scott; Mrs. Ellen Welch; George; James; Walter C, assist- 
ant county treasurer; Mary Loch; O. H. ; W. T. ; A. R. ; Bessie died at 
the age of twenty years; Mrs. Katie Reece died aged twenty-seven years. 

O. H. Loch was reared on the old homestead and developed a fine 
physique in the active outdoor life of the farm. He was educated in 
the local schools and spent two years at the Pawnee Academy. He then 
engaged in the drug business for a time and then served three years as 
assistant cashier in the First National Bank. His eminent qualifications 
and his popularity made him the choice of his party and the public for 
the office of county treasurer, to which honorable position he was elected 
in 1901, having a majority of si.xty-one votes over his opponent, and was 
re-elected in 1903 with a majority of seven hundred and si.xty-three. 

On August 2T,, 1900, Mr. Loch was married to Miss H. M. Kelley, 



288 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

and they have one son, OHver H. Fraternally Mr. Loch is an Odd Fel- 
low, also a member of Pawnee Lodge No. 23, A. F. and A. M. 

Lie has the distinction of being the youngest county treasurer in 
the state. 

MICHAEL SHAFER. 

Michael Shafer, who is a prominent retired farmer in Stella, Ne- 
braska, has enjoyed a most prosperous career of over twenty-five years 
in Southeastern Nebraska, and he is certainly deser\-ing of the rewards 
of his life's efiforts, because of his willing industry and perseverance in 
striving for a definite goal. He is reputed to be one of the wealthy men 
of Richardson county, and is accordingly esteemed for the successful out- 
come of his useful and well spent life. He came to Nebraska before 
the days of that state's great prosperity, having only a small amount of 
capital, and by judicious investment and wise management, supplemented 
always by his energy and diligence, in a few years he came into posses- 
sion of a large amount of landed property, and has ever since been on 
the up grade of financial and material prosperity. 

i\Ir. Shafer was born in Clark county, Indiana, December 3, 1848, 
and when almost thirty years of age, on August 28, 1878, arrived 
in Falls City, Nebraska, from Carroll county, Illinois, where he had 
been reared from the age of three years. His parents were George and 
Rebecca Ann (Miller) Shafer, both natives of Germany, whence they 
were brought to this country at the respective ages of eight and five 
years. His maternal grandfather Miller spent fourteen weeks on the 
voyage to this country, and, coming here with small means, followed 
farming in the states of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Mis- 
souri ; he reared two sons and two daughters. George and Rebecca Ann 
Shafer were industrious people, and to the property inherited from their 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 289 

parents they added a large bulk by their own efforts, and were able to 
set their cliildren on the sea of life with gocd advantages. They were 
members of the Evangelical church. 

The children born to George and Rebecca Ann Shafer were as fol- 
lows : Elizabeth, a widow in Stella, has six children ; William, who at 
the age of eighteen served for six months in Company E, Fifteenth Illi- 
nois Infantry, and was discharged from the hospital, is now a retired 
farmer in Polo, Illinois, with two daughters: Mrs. ]\Ielvina Manning was 
accidentally killed while driving a team, and left five children ; the fourth 
is Michael Shafer; Reuben is a retired farmer in Brookville, Illinois, and 
has three sons and three-daughters; George lives at Fremont, Carroll 
county, Illinois, and has a daughter and twin sons, the latter as much alike 
as two peas: Joseph died in Illinois at the age of thirty years, leaving a 
son and a daughter ; Wesley is in Jewell City, Kansas ; Martha, the widow 
of Henry Weaver, of Richardson county, has five children ; and Mary is 
the wife of Isaac Campbell, of Polo, Illinois, and has two living daughters, 
and lost four. 

Mr. Michael Shafer was reared on a farm, enjoying only a fair 
common schooling, which in his later years he has supplemented by abund- 
ant reading and intelligent observation of affairs of the world. At the 
age of fourteen he began working in a blacksmith shop in Polo, Illinois, 
and was thus engaged steadily for three years, and then for five follow- 
ing winters. He remained at home until his removal to Nebraska in 
1878. He came here with six hundred dollars, and first bought an eighty 
acre farm. He sold this two years later, and purchased a quarter section 
at ten dollars an acre, later forty acres for one thousand dollars, and still 
later eighty acres for thirty-two hundred dollars. This fine farm of two 
hundred and eighty acres is now worth from seventy-five to one hundred 
dollars an acre. It is divided and conducted as two farms with two sets 



290 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

of buildings. In addition he owns his good home in Stella, with eight 
lots in all. He has carried on general farming, and of late years has done 
considerable stock-raising. 

Mr. Shafer was married December 19, 1886. to Miss Lillie Ann 
Bright, who was born in Tazewell county, Illinois, in 1865, and died on 
the home farm in Nebraska, December 23, 1891, having lost an infant 
daughter. Bertha Adelia, and leaving her only living daughter, Jessie 
IMyrtle who was born June 23, 1890. Mrs. Shafer was a good scholar 
and a musician, and a lady of much culture and ability, and especially 
skillful in all kinds of needle work. Her death was due to consumption, 
and she was ill from March to December. ]\Ir. Shafer was married on 
September i, 1893, to his present wife, who was Mrs. Malinda Sultz- 
baugh, a daughter of William and Catherine (Erdman) Kehres, the 
former of who Avas born in Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, April 5, 
1806, and the latter born in 1808, and died in 1884. Mrs. Shafer has her 
only son, William Sultzbaugh, who was born in 1882, and is a steady 
young man engaged in farming in this county. Mr. and Mrs. Shafer 
were married in Chicago, while he was there attending the world's fair. 
Mrs. Shafer was a successful manager of a boarding house in Chicago 
for six years, at two locations on the north side, and owing to her energy 
and executive ability, she has not been content to be at ease since her mar- 
riage, and in the fall of 1903 opened a boarding house in Stella, of which 
she is the popular hostess and which has a well deserved reputation for 
appetizing and wholesome cuisine and first-class homelike comfort. She 
is also a member and an active worker in the Baptist church, and is held 
in the highest esteem among all circles of Stella and the vicinity. Mr. 
Shafer has fraternal affiliations with the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, and in politics is a stanch Republican, but content to perform his 
duties of citizenship by casting intelligently his ballot for good men and 




WALTER D. BUSH 




MRS. WALTER D. BUSH 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 291 

good principles. His religious creed is a strict observance of the golden 
rule, and his life history shows how well he has followed this principle. 



WALTER D. BUSH. 

Walter D. Bush, who passed away from his sorrowing friends and 
household on October 26, 1903, had during the latter years of his life 
passed his days in retirement from the activities of his earlier career, 
and his death occurred on his pleasant home farm in Glen Rock precinct. 
Nemaha county. 

Mr. Bush was born in Leeds county, Ontario, Canada, January 
5, 1828, and had accordingly li\'ed more than three quarters of a century 
when his life was terminated. He had in his veins a mixture of English, 
Irish and German blood, his paternal ancestors being English and Irish, 
and his mother's people being of German origin. His father, F. T. Bush, 
was born in Rutland county, Vermont, about 1799. and died in Johnson 
county, Nebraska, about 1885. Grandfather \\'illiani T. Bush, a nati\-e 
of Rutland, Vermont, was a tailor and fine machinist. He died when his 
son. F. T., was a boy, and grandmother Bush subsecjuently married a 
Mr. Sutherland. F. T. Bush married, in 1825, Xarcissa ^Nliddleton, a 
native of Canada, born in 1805, daughter of Ezekiah and Betsy (Carpen- 
ter) Middleton, of Rutland, Vermont. They became the parents of 
eleven children, all of whom reached adult age, namely: Sidney, a 
farmer and miller in Canada, and later in Nebraska, to which place he 
came in 1875, ^^^^ '■'^ this state in 1900, leaving a widow and one daugh- 
ter and an adopted son ; Walter D. ; Emma, widow of \Y. W. West, lives 
in Lenawee county, ]Michigan ; Azubah, wife of Knowlton Lawrence, 
died in Iowa at the age of twenty-three years, lea\-ing one son; Jane, 



292 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

unmarried, died in South Dakota at the age of fifty-eight years; Andrew, 
a farmer in Johnson county, Nebraska, is married and has a family of 
four children ; Hester Ann, wife of Edward Williams, died in Lockport, 
New York, at the age of thirty-three years, leaving four cliildren ; Albert, 
a Montana farmer, has a wife, two sons and two daughters; Jonas, a 
Uuion soldier in the Civil war, died in hospital at Little Rock, Arkansas, 
in October, 1865, at the age of twenty years; Wallace W., a farmer and 
miller of Idaho, has a wife and eight children ; and Julia, wife of Austin 
Nickelson, of the state of Washington, is the mother of five children. 

The first emigration of the Bush family to Nebraska was in 1866, 
when Albert and Atidrew Bush, the latter of whom died June 10, 1904, 
settled in Johnson county. A year later, in 1867, Walter D. Bush left 
his home in Canada and followed his brothers to this state. Here he 
acquired one hundred and sixty acres of land in Glen Rock precinct, 
Nemaha county, and made that his home and place of business all the re- 
maining years of his useful life, having made farming and milling his 
principal occupations. 

February 14, 1849, Walter D. Bush married Miss Eliza Ann Bul- 
lard, who was born in Canada in 1829, a daughter of Josiah and Amy 
(Sly) Bullard. She shared the joys and sorrows of life with him for 
over half a century, until her death, January 9, 1900. Two children 
were given to them, a son and a daughter, the former dying in Canada at 
the age of four years ; the latter, with her family, now residing at the 
old homestead. 

About twenty-five years before his death Mr. Bush met with 
a serious accident which resulted in the loss of his left eye. In politics 
he was throughout his long residence in the United States a Republican. 
Whether in' the United States or in Canada he always stood ready to 
defend the stars and stripes, as did his father and grandfather before 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



293 



him. His grandfather Busli's mother was a daugliter of Charles Car- 
rolton, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. The 
family have long heen identified with the Methodist Episcopal church. 
In one branch of the famih" were found five brothers and two sisters, 
the brothers all Methodist ministers and the sisters wives of Metho- 
dist ministers. INIr. Bush was himself a stanch Methodist, as also was 
his good wife, and their only daughter, Ruhama, married a Methodist 
minister, the Rev. D. B. Lake. 

D. B. Lake, whose name thus carries forward the genealogical 
record and family history of this branch of the Bush family into suc- 
ceeding generations, was born in Canada, June 15, 1845, a son of 
Amos and Mary (Dennis) Lake, the former a native of Yates county. 
New York, born in 1820, and the latter a native of Pennsylvania, born 
in 1822. His parents were married in Victoria county, Ontario, in 
1842, and passed their lives as farmers. Their large family of ten chil- 
dren all reached maturity. D. B. Lake in his youth received an aca- 
demic education, and at the age of sixteen began working at the car- 
penter's trade, which he followed for three years. Early in life, in Vic- 
toria county, Ontario, he was made a local preacher, and in 186S he 
joined the Toronto conference of the Methodist Episcopal church. In 
1870 he came to Nebraska, and preached on circuits for several years 
in Missouri and Nebraska. Einally failing health compelled him to 
seek a supernumerary relation. Sulisequently he returned to the active 
work of the ministry, and for some years he had regular charges, being 
a potent force in the c<inference and doing much valuable work, build- 
ing churches and adding to the membership. 

Mr, Lake married Miss Bush December 14, 1870, in Glen Rock 
precinct, Nemaha county, Nebraska, where they now live. They have 
had two children, Walter, who died in infancv, and Charles, who has 



294 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

chief charge of the farm. ]\Ir. Lake is a broad-ganged man, mentally, 
socially and physically, weighing two hundred and seventy-five pounds. 
His library nf eight hundred volumes is one of the largest owned by 
a private indix-idual in this part of the state, and he shows the polish 
that comes from library study as well as that which comes from contact 
with men and the world. 



J. LEE DALBEY. 

J. Lee Dalbey, publisher and editor of the ,Shubert Citizen, has 
been in the printing and newspaper business since he was a boy of six- 
teen years, having been a man of experience in the profession long 
before the modern machinery for type-setting and rapid manifold 
printing- were thought of. His career has been typical, for he has 
had many of the ups and downs of the veritable journalist, and only 
recent!}', in August, 1903, his plant was burned out with great loss to 
him, but the Citizen still continues to enlighten tlie public of all the 
news in and about Shubert, and in the spring of 1904 the paper 
moved to a home of its own, and was equipped with a new dress, im- 
proved macliinery and everything mechanical needed to make it keep 
its lead among the enterprising, bright and public-spirited journals 
of Richardson ounty. The Shubert Citizen was establish.ed by IMr. 
Dalbey on April 6, 1893, 'i"cl '^^s had a successful career of more than 
a decade. It was begun as a seven-column folio, and is now a six- 
column quarto, with from four hundred to five hundred subscribers, 
and the office does an especially large business in job printing and ad- 
vertising, for which it is well equipped and has gained a reputation for 
liigh-grade work. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 295 

Mr. Dalbey was Ijorn in Jamestown, Ohio, July i, 1846, a son of 
Dr. Jacob S. and Delilah Albertine (Jolmsun) Dalbey, the former of 
whom was born in Ohio in 181 1, and the latter in Virginia, March 4, 
1812, and they were married at the county seat of Highland county, 
Ohio, in January, 183 1. Dr. Dalbey was a life-long eclectic physician, 
and was a resident of Indiana, where one son was born, later of Ohio, 
and in 1847 came to Iowa. He was a man of considerable property, 
and in addition to his practice carried on merchandising for some 
time. He died in Montezuma, Iowa, January 2y. 1866, and his wife 
sur\i\-ed him and died at Falls City, Nebraska, at the age of eighty- 
four years. They reared ten of their thirteen children, and seven are 
now living, as follows: Simeon J. is a music dealer in Des ^Moines, 
Iowa, and has three children ; J. AA'. is an attorney at Hamburg Iowa, 
and president of the Big Four Alining Compan)- at Deadwood, South 
Dakota, and has one son; Airs. Louisa Day lives in Helva, Nebraska, 
and has two sons and two daughters : J. Lee is the ne.xt child ; Airs. 
Mary Margaret Sherman, of Kankakee, Illinois, has two children: 
Frances Lydia Davis lives in Falls City: and Airs. .Alice ^IcLeod has 
two sons, and her husband is manager of a mine at Deadwood, South 
Dakota. 

J. Lee Dalbey was in the common schools of Montezuma. Iowa, 
until May 21, 1861, when he began as apprentice to the printing trade 
with Frank Campbell, who was later a ca])tain in the army and lieu- 
tenant-governor of Iowa. Before coming to Nebraska in 1879. Air. 
Dalbey edited four different papers in [Missouri and two in Iowa, 
He established the Leader at Falls City, and in 1888 came to Stella 
and established and conducted the Stella Press, which he carried on 
until coming to Shubert. 

Mr. Dalbey was married at Hamburg, Iowa, July 31, 1870, to 



296 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Miss Belle Hall, of Kentucky, a daughter of George B. and Delia 
(Higg-enbotham) Hall, both of Kentucky. Two children were born of 
tliis marriage, but the son, Louis, died in Albany, Missouri, when a 
month old; the daughter, Mrs. Agnes Tipton, now resides in Albany, 
Missouri, and has one son. Mr. Dalbey affiliates with the Masonic 
order, with the Knights of Pythias, is a commander of the Woodmen 
of the World, is a Highlander, and a member of the Knights and Ladies 
of Security. Li politics he is a Democrat by principle, but runs his 
paper independently ; his relatives are nearly all Republicans. He has 
never sought or held office, but was solicited to run for rej^resentative 
to the legislature. He and his wife are members of the Christian 
church, and are very popular people in the town and vicinity. They 
erected their present home and moved into it in October, 1899. 



PL\RRY GUY HOOVER. 

Harry Guy Hoover is a prominent young agriculturist and stock 
farmer residing one mile west of Nemaha, where he was born twenty- 
two years ago, September 29, 1881. His father, John P. Hoover was 
long a well known resident of this locality, and here he was called from 
this earth on the 24th of November, 1900, at the age of sixty-three 
years. His birth occurred in the east, but he was among the first to 
seek a home ^vithin the borders of Nebraska, where prosperity rewarded 
his efforts, and at his death he left a large estate. In this cimnty 
he was united in marriage to Huldah Pavey, a native of Indiana, and 
here they spent nearly their entire lives and here eight children were 
born to bless their home, but the subject of this review is the only one 
©f this large number now living. The mother entered into eternal rest 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 297 

on the 19th of Xovember, 1902, jxissing- away in the faith of the Epis- 
copal church, of which both she and her luisband were worthy mem- 
bers. Mr. John P. Hoover gave liis pohtical support to the Repubhcan 
party, and was a stahvart advocate of its principles. 

Harry Guy Hoover recei\etl his education in the schools of 
Nemaha, and here he has made his home throughout his life. He was 
the sole heir of his father's large estate, consisting of two hundred 
and forty acres divided into two farms, and also large herds of cattle, 
hiorses, sheep and swine. He now owns three hundred and fifty head 
of a fine grade of Shropshire sheep, selling from one to two car-loads 
annually, has sixty head of graded shorthorn cattle, and has about 
fifteen head of horses, well adapted to the different needs of the farm. 
His hogs are of the graded Poland China breed, which he fattens for the 
market. The substantial buildings which adorn this valuable homestead 
were placed there by his father, and the residence is surr(^unde(l by 
beautiful shade and fruit trees. ^Ir. Hoover is a young man of ex- 
cellent education, is broad-minded and patriotic, and merits the g^enuine 
regard which is freely accorded him. 



JOHN D. SHUBERT. 

John D. Shubert, proprietor of the Cedar Lake Farm, and dealer 
in fruit, poultry and ice. at the pretty little town of Shubert. which 
was named in honor of his father, has built up an enterprise of which 
he and the surrounding country may well be proud. In fact, the Cedar 
Lake Farm has reason to be called an institution, not a private farm, 
for the beauty and charm which it lends to the town, its many advant- 
ages as a place of recreation and pleasure to all the inhabitants of the 



298 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

country around, are within the reach of all, and the farm offers many 
of the attractions of an urban park to the residents of Shubert. The 
Cedar Lake Farm is situated on the west side of the town, part of it 
being within the corporation, and the grounds and the pretty ten-room 
cottage face the east. There are eighty-six acres in the place, and 
there is no better fruit farm in southeastern Nebraska, and few so 
good. Between the farm and the town is a wide a\enue overarched 
with trees. Mr. Shubert bought this place of his father, and it was 
then part of a wheat farm, with no improvements save some fences, 
so that the transformation that he has wrought in its appearance and 
productivity is nothing short of wonderful. There are two fine apple 
orchards of twelve hundred trees of choice varieties, an acre of peach 
trees, over two hundred cherry trees, five hundred grape vines, an acre 
of blackberries and an acre and a half of strawberries. There is a 
fine" lake of spring water, from four to twelve feet deep, well stocked 
with fish. The ice house holds four hundred tons, and from it the town 
is supplied with that commodity. There are also arrangements for 
bathing and boating in the summer-time, and skating and toboganning 
in the winter season, so that it is a model farm, a model home, and a 
delightful summer resort. 

JNIr. Shubert was born in Mason county, Illinois, February 29, 
i860, being thus a "leap-year child," and is the second child and eldest 
son of the eleven children of H. \\^ and Mary (Griffin") Shubert. As 
the family moved to Nebraska in 1865 as pioneers to the state he has 
lived here practically all his life and is a resident of forty years" stand- 
ing. He was educated in the district schools of Nemaha and Richard- 
son counties, being in school during the winter and at work on his 
father's farm during the other seasons of the year. For several years 
he was a leading hardware merchant in Shubert. He is a natural car- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 299 

penter, and has built twelve residences in Shubert, all of which he has 
sold, and in 1900 he erected the beautiful story-and-a-half cottage on 
his place. 

He remained at home until he was twenty-three years of age, and 
was married November 20. 1882. at Nemaha city, to Miss Rosa L. 
Rogers, who was born in Hardin county. Iowa. October 2, 1861, a 
daughter of Ezra D. and ^Invy (Sumner) Rogers, the former of whom 
v,-as horn in 183 1 and reared in Tazewell county, Illinois, and the lat- 
ter was born in Missouri, January 8, 1837. These parents were mar- 
ried ]\[arch 27, 1856. and reared seven of their eight children, as fol- 
lows: Laura E.. the wife of James \V. Coons, of Oklahoma, has five 
children; Helen M. is the wife of J. C. Rimel, of Auburn, Nebraska; 
]\Irs. Shubert is the third of the children; Alva, in Auburn, has three 
children; Roy is a farmer in Aspinwall precinct and has one daughter; 
Effie is the wife of Charles Duerfeldt. a farmer of Aspinwall precinct, 
and has fom' children; and Etlward is in Oklahoma and was married 
jMarcli. IQ04. Mrs. Shubert's parents came to Nebraska in 1866 and 
settled on the home farm in Aspinwall precinct, Nemaha county, but 
are now living retired in Auburn, being bright and active in their ad- 
vanced years. JNIr. and Mrs. Shubert ha\-e three children and have lost 
one: ^lerle. born October 30. 1887, is in the eighth grade of school: 
Worth was born September 22, 1889: the third child, a daughter, died 
in infancy; and Dale was born January 8. 1896. ]\Ir. Shubert is a 
Modern ^^'oodman. a strong Republican, and IMrs. Shubert is a mem- 
ber of the Christian church. 



300 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ANTHONY WAYNE SNYDER. 

Anthony Wayne Snyder, who was elected county supervisor and 
county commissioner of Gage county, Nebraska, in the fall of 1902, 
and is giving most excellent satisfaction to all in that responsible office, 
first came to Southeastern Nebraska thirtj'-three yeaFS ago, and has 
been a successful farmer and prominent resident of various counties 
in this state and Kansas ever since. 

Mr. Snyder was born in Dayton, Ohio, August 27, 1837, a son 
of Eli and Barbara (Manning) Snyder, the former a son of Alexander 
Snyder, and a native of INIaryland and of an old family of that state; 
the latter was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. Eli and Bar- 
bara Snyder both died in Tippecanoe City, Ohio, when past seventy years 
of age. The former was a Democrat, and a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. Nine of their children grew up, four sons and five 
daughters. 

A. 'W. Snyder was reared on a farm in Ohio, was taught early the 
value of mainial labor, and received a fair education in the public 
schools. In April, 1861, a few days after Fort Sumter was attacked, he 
enlisted at Lawrenceburg. Indiana, in Company G. Seventh Indiana 
Infantry, under Captain Lord and Colonel Dumont. He was at the 
battle of Phillippi, West \'irginia. and at Carrick's Ford, besides other 
skirmishes. He received an honorable disch.arge at Indianapolis, 
Indiana, after a creditable record as a soldier. He then returned home, 
an<l in 1870 came to Neljraska, locating in Nemaha county for two 
years, was in Richardson county for five years, in Johnson cc^unty nine 
years; then \\ent to Sherman county, Kansas, and was on a home- 
stead for five years, after \\hich he sold out and came to Gage county. 
Nebraska, and bought a nice farm of one hundred and twenty acres 
about two miles from Adams. He raises stock, and has made a sue- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 301 

cess of his ventures since coming here. His farm is now vahied at sixty 
dollars an acre. 

In 1862, at the age of twenty-five. Mr. Snyder Vvas married to 
Miss Christine Van Dusen, who had a brother in the Ci\'il war. Eight 
children of this marriage are now living, as follows : Charles, Edward, 
Harry, Richard, W. Franklin, Hattie, Myrtle and Nellie. Mr. Snyder 
is a Democrat, but is tolerant in his views. He was elected county 
commissioner by a majority of thirty-one in a district usually Republi- 
can by two hundred votes, and this is ample evidence of the esteem and 
confidence in which he is held by all his fellow citizens and associates. 
He is a man of ability in the performance of his every-day duties, and 
his frank and genial nature opens the way for the formation of many 
friendships. 



DR. W. T. SLOAN. 

Dr. W. T. Sloan, a recent addition to the ranks of the medical 
fraternity of Gage county, Nebraska, and whose worth as a man and 
skill as a practitioner are already well recognized in the community, 
took up his residence in Adams in July 1902. He is thoroughly de- 
voted to the work of his profession, has a mind broadened and seasoned 
by contact with men and books, is affable and genial with all, and has 
at once taken rank with men of longer residence and greater experience. 

Dr. Sloan is a Kentuckian, was born near Mill Springs, Wayne 
county. May 21, 1869, and comes of one of the old families of that 
county and state. His father, C. W. Sloan, was a farmer and stock- 
man, and was a strong advocate of Republican principles, during the 
Civil war espousing the cause of the Union. He died aged seventy- 



302 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

three years. His wife, whose maiden name was Mahala Tate, was a 
native of Kentucky, and by her marriage became the mother of twelve 
children, eleven of ^\■hom grew up and are still living. 

Dr. Sloan was reared on a Wayne county fami, where he developed 
his muscle by hard work, besides learning many other valuable lessons 
which have staid Avith him in later life. He attended the common 
schools, and after deciding on the profession of medicine as his life 
work, entered the Lincoln Medical College, in Lincoln, Nebraska, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 1898. He had previously 
studied under the direction of Dr. Latta, a well known physician of 
Nebraska. ' 

December 18, 1901, Dr. Sloan was married at Firth, Nebraska, 
to Miss Olive McElvain, a native of Nebraska and a lady of much in- 
telligence and a true helpmate to her husband. She was reared and 
educated in this state. Dr. Sloan is a Republican; he is a member of 
the State Medical Society; and affiliates with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and is medical examiner for the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen and the Woodmen of the World. 



JOHN- P. KING. 



John P. King, who has recently retired from active participation 
in a long and successful career as stock farmer, is one of the oldest resi- 
dents of Richardson county, Nebraska, having taken up his abode here 
as an actual settler in the fall of i860. He bought eighty acres of the 
Indians, for three dollars per acre, at the site where Barada now stands, 
and on this land he made the beginnings of his subsequent prosperity. 
He has always been known as an indefatigable worker as well as capable 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 303 

business manager, and the large estate which he now owns is entirely 
the result of his own labors and intelligent efforts. 

He was born at the heatl of Hemlock Lake, in Livingston county. 
New York, October 12, 1833, and in 1856 went west to Clayton county, 
Iowa, and from there four years later made his final long removal to 
Richardson county, Nebraska. For a number of years he was sur- 
rounded by the primitive conditions .of real pioneer life, and his suc- 
cess was not gained without many privations in early life. He gave 
up active farming in 1901, when he had nearly reached the age of three 
score years and ten, and moved into a comfortable and pretty house 
in the town of Shubert, where lie now enjoys comfortable ease, al- 
though he is vigorous and energetic as of yore and gives his attention 
to business and matters affecting the public welfare. He owns four 
farms in the county, aggregating six hundred and forty acres, and also 
has twenty acres of land just outside the city of Lincoln. He has fed 
and shipped large numbers of stock of his own raising, and has been 
successful in all departments of his fanning. He has always been a 
stanch Republican in politics, but has never aspired to ofifice, although 
he was elected to the office of mayor of Shubert in 1903, and has done 
well by his fellow citizens in the attention he has given to the affairs of 
that village. He ctffiliates with Hope Lodge No. 29, F. and A. M., 
and was master of the lodge for ten years. 

^Ir. King comes of a good and long-established family in this 
country. His great-grandfather, Simeon King, married Mary Carver, a 
daughter of Jonathan Carver, who held a commission from the king to 
treat with the Indians about the IMississippi river, and had a deed to a 
tract of land near that river, which in size was to be a day's journey 
in each direction, but this deed was annulled after the Re\'olution. 
Simeon King, Ji'-, the grandfather, was a farmer in Vermont and New 



304 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

York, and most of his children were born in the latter state. His 
chikh-en were as follows : Ruth, a Mrs. Russell, of ^^'aukeslla, Wiscon- 
sin ; ]Minerva, the wife of a farmer in New York by the name of Graves; 
Mrs. Olive Carpenter, who died in Springwater, New York; Martin, 
who at the age of fourteen years went to the war of 1812, and died in 
Livingston county. New York, leaving two sons and one daughter; Sid- 
ney, who was an Ohio farmer; Mrs. Mindwell Hooker; Mason Avery; 
and Eliza, who died in girlhood. 

Mason Avery King, Mr. King-'s father, was born in 1795, and 
died in 1872. He married, in 1825, Phebe Doud, of Connecticut, who 
was then eighteen years old, and who died in Richardson county, Ne- 
braska, in Humboldt, twelve years later than her husband, at the age 
of sevent}'-seven years. They were the parents of fourteen children : 
Jane is the present wife of George Swick, of Abilena, Kansas, and her 
first husband was Samuel Young. Ann married, first, Mr. J. M. 
Austin and, second, a Mr. Bradford, and she died in Shiawassee 
county, Michigan, leaving one son. Levi King was in the Union army, 
and died at Jackson, Tennessee, filling an unknown grave. John P. 
King is the fourth of the family. Ellen is the wife of M. D. Ford, 
in Jewell county, Kansas, and has four daughters and one son. Mary 
E. was a nurse in the Benton barracks during the Civil war, and was 
twice married, leaving, at her death, two sons, Fred and Ernest Fisher. 
Charles C. King served throughout the Civil war, having been honor- 
ably discharged three times, and came out a non-commissioned officer; 
he lives in Jewell county, Kansas, and' has one daughter and five sons. 
Hiram D. King was a member of the Missouri state militia during the 
Civila war, and died in Peru, Nebraska, leaving a wife and two sons. 
Daniel ^Yebster King, of Pawnee county, Nebraska, has two sons and 
one daughter. L. R. King lives in Superior, Nebraska, and is a 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 305 

widower witli two sons and three daugliters ; he entered tlie Union 
army at tlie age of seventeen and ser\-ed in the caN'alr}- for five years, 
the last year heing spent on tlie western frontier. Rose, the wife of 
Frank Berry, died in Oregon when about forty-nine years old, leaving 
no children. Frank M. King is a merchant of Holton, Kansas, and 
has one son and two daughters. Vinton died at the age of five years. 
Sarah, the widow of George Lockridge, who was a Congregational 
minister, resides in Long Beach, California, and has two sons and two 
daughters. 

Mr. John P. King was married at Garnavillo, Iowa, May 19, 
1858, to Miss Mary Cornelia Slocum, who was bom in Linesville, 
CraM'ford county, Pennslyvania, September 4, 1840, and comes of a 
well known and prominent family. Her parents were Samuel E. and 
Mar)' V. (Line) Slocum, the former of whom was born in Vergennes, 
Vermont, January i, 181 5, and now resides in Falls City, Nebraska, 
in his ninetieth year, having come to this state from Minnesota thirty- 
seven years ago, and having followed the occupation of farming dur- 
ing his active career; the latter was born in Plainfield, New Jersey, 
October 9, 1817, and died at the age of thirty-six years, leaving five 
of her six children: Mrs. King, the eldest; Phebe Storm, in Lincoln, 
Nebraska; James L., who is one of the wealthy men of Falls City, 
Nebraska, and president of the Richardson County Bank; George L., 
who is a stock farmer in Richardson county; and Rachel E. Hutchins, 
of Falls City. 

Mr. and Mrs. King have seven children living of the eleven born 
to them. Corydon Elliott, born June 29, 1859, was the first child. May, 
the fifth child, is the wife of C. O. Tompkins, a prosperous stock farmer 
in this county, and has three daughters. Helen is the wife of Lee 
Bolejack, a farmer at Shubert. Myrtle is the wife of R. A. Downs, 



3o6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

a banker in Emerson, Nebraska, and has one daughter. Donna is the 
wife of Professor Carr, of Shubert, and has one son; her husband is 
principal of the high school. John Royal King was graduated from 
the ^^'e3tern Normal College of Nebraska at the age of sixteen, and for 
the past two years has been a musician with the United States navy, 
being now stationed on the battleship Topeka, in the vicinity of Pana- 
ma : he is a natural musician and has been with the Shubert band. J. 
V\'orth King is farming at home. Mr. and Mrs. King have five grand- 
children: The three children of Mrs. C. O. Tompkins, Gladys, Irene 
and Helen ; Helen, the daughter of Mrs. Downs : and John Roland, 
the bov of Mrs. Carr. 



GEORGE CROW. 

George Crow, said to be the oldest living resident of Nemaha 
county, has enjoyed a life of many years and of much honor. Being 
now in his eighty-third year, he has a retrospect which takes in the 
most important period of this country's history. The state of Nebraska 
was not admitted into the Union until he was forty-six years old and 
in the prime of his manhood. When he first came to this part of the 
country the land was still in undisputed possession of the Indians, and 
his first departure from the trans-Missouri region was caused by the 
hostility of the redmen. He has made his name honored in the county 
because of his jiarticipation in the best movements for development and 
progress and because of liis worthy individual career. 

Mr. Crow's father, George Crow, came to America from Germany 
in 1798, when he was about fifteen years old, his parents settling in 
New Jersev. He was a brick-maker, and in the winter followed the 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



307 



fulling trade in the woolen mills, and began life without money, prog- 
ressing to comfortable circumstances before his death. He married 
Susan Johnson in New Jersey, who was born in 1792, a daughter of 
Joseph Johnson, who was an active man at the age of eighty-seven and 
died at ninety years. George Crow and wife had nine children, five 
daughters and four sons, and the only ones now living are George and 
his sister Rachel, who is the widow Remley, living in Laharpe, Kansas, 
and the mother of two children. The daughter Elizabeth was born in 
1808 and died in 1896 in Iowa, haxing been the mother of two daugh- 
ters and one son. The mother of these children died in Indiana at the 
age of forty of milk sickness, and her husband died there in the fall 
of 1848. Nearly all the family seems to have been remarkable for the 
length of their years, and they were worthy and useful citizens in every 
community in which they lived. 

George Crow was born in Burlington county. New Jersey, May 
II, 1821, and when a boy of twelve or thirteen was brought to Ran- 
dolph county, Indiana. In 1844 he joined a company who were going 
to Andrew county, ^Missouri, he driving the wagon of a widow woman 
for his passage. One of the reasons for this move was that the young 
lady whom he afterward married and who is now his honered companion 
of old age, came at the same time with her parents, and young Crow 
at the ardent age of twenty-four could not believe otherwise than that 
it was his duty to go also. In the same year, however, he left Missouri 
and went to Nebraska. The Presbyterian mission among the Pawnee 
Indians just at this time wanted a farmer, and Mr. Crow went there 
for that purpose, spending one year there before his marriage, after 
which he went back and conducted the mission farm until August, when 
the Indians became hostile and dro\-e the settlers down the Missouri. 
This makes Air. Crow's residence in the state antedate that of any other 



3o8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

living wliite man, and he is also the oldest actual settler of this part of 
the state. 

In the spring of 1850 Mr. Crow \Yas one of the great expedition of 
argonauts from Andrew county, Missouri, who went across the plains 
with oxen and horses to California, being from May to September on 
the journey. He was fairly successful during nearly three years that he 
spent there, although he would have done just as well at home, and he 
returned to Andrew county on December 30, 1852; most of his mining 
experiences having been in the placers. In October, 1856, he moved 
from Buchanan county, Missouri, to Nemaha county, Nebraska, and 
has been a permanent resident ever since. He and his good wife have 
made all they have through the hard work of their hands and shrewd 
management and business ability. He has engaged in farming and 
stock-raising since coming here, and fifteen acres of broken land was the 
only impro\-enient on the two hundred and forty which he made so 
profitable during the remainder of his life. He is now living retired 
on his eighty-seven acre farm in London precinct, Brownville post- 
office. 

Mr. Crow married, February 14, 1846, Miss Mary Ware, who 
was born in Burlington county, New Jersey, December 4, 1823, two 
and a half years later than her husband, and they first knew each other 
when she was seventeen years old. Her parents, Joseph and Lydia 
(Clutch) ^Vare, were of New Jersey, whence they were pioneers to 
Clermont county, Ohio, about 1828. Seven years later they went to 
Indiana, and thence in 1843 or 1844 to Andrew county, Missouri. Mrs. 
Crow was the third of twelve children. Her father was born June 
14, 1797, and died in 1879, and her mother was born ]\Iay 25, 1800, 
and died September 2j, 1887. ]Mrs. Crow has four brothers and two 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 309 

sisters living, and slie is the eldest. Her brother James Story Ware 
died of disease in the army during the Civil war. 

Mr. and Mrs. Crow have been the parents of the following children : 
Lydia Ellen, wife of Amos Mclninch, of St. Joseph, IMissouri ; Charles 
Elliott, who died when five years old; George Ranney, who died at the 
age of two months; Anna, wife of John Felton, in Auburn; William 
Allen, of Oklahoma, who has had one son by each of two wives ; Susan O., 
wife of John \\'. Ritchey, a merchant of Brownville, and has two sons: 
Ida M., wife of David Kite, a farmer near Howe, and has one son 
and two daughters; Mary Emma died in infancy; Walter P. is in 
Colorado, and has two daughters and one son ; Charlotte L. died at the 
age of seven months. 

Mr. and Mrs. Crow are among the octogenarians who have had 
the honor of celebrating their golden wedding. He is a Master Mason, 
for over fifty years a Mason. He was formerly a Democrat. He was 
sent as a representative to the territorial legislature for about five 
terms, and he introduced the measure for removing the capitol to Lin- 
coln. ^^'hiIe serving in this body he practically gave his time and serv- 
ice to the territory, for the remuneration was so small that it would 
not hire a man to take his place on his stock farm. He served as jus- 
tice of the peace for a time, and the only couple who came before 
him seeking matrimonial bonds he tied free of charge. 



MRS. ANN MAXWELL. 

Mrs. Ann Maxwell is well known to the residents of Nemaha 
county, and is the widow of John Maxwell, who was born in Lanark- 
shire, Scotland, June 22, 1823. On the ist of January, 1847, in the 



3IO SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

land of his birth, he was united in marriage to Miss Ann Wardrop, a 
daughter of Daniel and Agnes (Donald) Wardrop, both of whom 
died in the prime of life,, leaving three of their five children, namely : 
Daniel, who died when about fourteen years old; Ann; and Margaret, 
who resides in Glasgow and is the wife of a railroad engineer. Mrs. 
^Maxwell was but six years of age when her mother died, and two years 
later her father was called away by death, leaving these two children 
with but a small estate left by their grandfather Waldrop. By her 
marriage Mrs. Maxwell has become the mother of eleven children, as 
follows: John, who was born in Scotland, January 2y. 1848, and is now 
engaged in farming in Sheridan county, Kansas; Daniel, who resides 
on one of his mother's farms; William, a farmer near the old home 
place; Agnes, the wife of Frank Hacker, a farmer of this township; 
Nettie, who died at the age of sixteen years ; \\'alter, a mail carrier in 
Xemaha city: Alexander, engaged in the livery business in Oklahoma; 
INIargaret, who died when but two years old; Charles, who died at the 
age of eleven years; Frank, deceased at the age of three months; and 
Edward, whose history will be found below. 

In 1852 Mr. and Mrs. Maxwell bade adieu to the home and friends 
of their childhood, and came by sailing vessel to America, spending 
seven weeks and four days on the voyage from Glasgow to New York. 
After residing one year at Buffalo, New York, where Mr. Maxwell 
followed his trade of shoemaking, they removed to Whiteside county, 
Illinois, there securing forty acres of land, on which he farmed during 
the summer months, while in the ^^■inter he worked at his trade. Fifteen 
>-ears were spent in the Prairie state, and in. 1867 this worthy couple 
made their way to Nebraska with their eight children, two of whom 
were babes, and here for a time they farmed on rented land. For thirty- 
three years they had charge of the county almshouse, and in this official 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 311 

position they proved themselves honest and trustworthy. In his fra- 
ternal relations Mr. Maxwell was a member of the order of Odd Fellows, 
and was an unswerving Republican in political matters. 

There are one hundred and sixty acres in the home place, another 
farm has one hundred and seventy acres, — in all three hundred and 
thirty acres ; one hundred and sixty acres are in Kansas. He came here 
without anything and was a self-made man. 

Edward J. Maxwell, a son of these worthy Scotch parents, was 
born in this county on the Jd of August, 1872. He was reared as a 
farmer lad and in his youth attended the district schools and the com- 
mercial college at Shenandoah, Iowa, graduating in that institution 
in 1 89 1. Since his father's death he has been his mother's constant 
support, and is now engaged in farming on one hundred and sixty acres 
of land belonging to the estate. On Christmas day of 1897 he was 
united in marriage to Lizzie Leibhart, who was born in Pennsylvania 
in 1876, a daughter of W. \\'. and ]\Iary Leibhart, both of whom are 
living in Nemaha, to which place they removed from Illinois in 1883. 
They became the parents of six daughters and two sons, but one son 
is now deceased, and the two married sisters of Mrs. Maxwell are Clara, 
the wife of W. E. Patterson, of Gretna, Nebraska; and Rose, the wife 
of Frank Titus. One little daughter, Maxine, has been born to brighten 
and bless the home of ]Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Maxwell, her birth occurring 
on the 26th of August, 1903. Mr. Maxwell is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and is a stanch supporter of Republi- 
can principles. During the heated campaign of 1903 he was the suc- 
cessful candidate for the office of assessor, which he is now filling with 
honor and credit. INIrs. Alaxwell is a member of the Baptist church. 



312 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

MRS. MARY E. CLARK. 

Mrs. ]Mary E. Clark, residing on the farm of her late husband 
in London precinct, Nemaha City postoffice, is one of the oldest living 
settlers of Nemaha county and southeastern Nebraska. Few, indeed, 
are they Avho can lioast of a half century of residence in this state, 
dating from a time even before the organization of this section of the 
country as a territory. Mrs. Clark spent nearly all the days of her 
long and happy married life in this state, during which time she wit- 
nessed its organization under "squatter sovereignty," the troublous 
days preceding and during the Civil war, and the magnificent in- 
dustrial and agricultural development which has taken place since. 
She is a true pioneer, a woman of noble attributes and Christian charac- 
ter, and deeply esteemed and revered within her own circle of relatives 
and in the community which her long and blameless life has adorned. 

JMrs. Clark was born in Jackson county, Missouri, August 4, 
1832, a daughter of Smallwood V. and Sally (Profit) Noland, who 
were both of Kentucky and were married in Chariton county, Mis- 
souri. They owned slaves before the war, and were respected farmers 
of Jackson countv. ]\Ir. Noland was a Democrat, and served in the 
state legislature. He died in Holt county. INIissouri, leaving his widow 
with all their children. She was born in 1804, and had married at 
the age of sixteen. They were parents of ten children: William Rhodes 
Noland was killed by the Indians in Oregon, a single man; Cordelia 
]McE\\'an, who married young, and died at the age of twenty-three, 
leaving four children; Pleasant C, who lived in Oregon, died in 1904, 
and had a wife and two children; Mrs. Clark is fourth in order of birth; 
Ledston died in the iNIe.xican war; Benton Boggs died out west, un- 
married; John M. died in Oregon, unmarried; Adelia Stephens died, 
leaving four children; Gabriel Fitzhugh is in Oregon, and is single; 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 313 

Martin Win Buren went to Mexico with considerable money, and has 
not been heard of for tliirty }-ears. All the sons who went to Oregon 
made money. 

Mrs. Clark is well reared by her grandparents, and at the 
age of nineteen, in 185 1, married John C. Clark, who was born in 
Kentucky, in 1826, and was by trade a brickmason, having built the 
present residence of Mrs. Clark forty-nine years ago. They came to 
Brownville, Nebraska, in 1854, and later traded their good home in 
that town for a squatter's right to their present place. Mr. Clark was 
an honest and industrious man throughout his life, and his career of 
successful effort was not closed until his seventy-sixth year, on May 29, 
1901, after he and his wife had lived together for fifty years. He 
was a member and a deacon in the Christian church in Brownville, 
he and his wife having been charter members when it was organized in 
the early fifties. He and his brotiier Henry took care of their widowed 
mother till her death, which occurred on an adjoining farm, when she 
had reached the great age of ninety-seven years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Clark were parents of nine children, all of whom 
were born on the home farm but one. Sally is now Mrs. B. F. Jones; 
William Smallwood died at the age of eighteen ; Dora E. died wdien 
three months old; Florence is the wife of Elder M. M. Good, a Chris- 
tian minister at St. Joseph, Missouri ; Kate is the wife of Sam Barnes, 
in Smith county, Kansas, and has nine children: O. L. is a non-com- 
missioned officer in Company F, Seventh United States Infantry, in the 
Philippines; Edith M. is a teacher and is the wife of D. C. Shell, a 
school principal, and they have one daughter; D. H. Clark runs the 
home farm of one hundred and fifty acres, and is taking care of his 
mother; Thomas A. is a telegraph operator on the Union Pacific Rail- 
road in Nebraska, and is married. 



314 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

JOHN B. LEWIS. 

On the roster of Nemaha county's officials appears the name of 
John B. Lewis in connection witli the office of mayor, which is an in- 
dication of his popularity and prominence, and he is also serving as 
the station and ticket agent for the Burlington Railroad at Brown- 
\]]]e. He was horn in Atchison county, ^lissouri. February 22, 1869, 
and his education was received in the schools of Brownville, Nebraska. 
On the 30th of April, 1891, at Vesta, this state, he began his railroad 
career as a station agent, and there he also learned the art of telegraphy. 
At Vesta, on the 14th of September, 1892, Mr. Lewis was united in 
marriage to Miss Bertha Hardenberg. who was liorn in Peoria county, 
Illinois, August 29, 1874, a daughter of H. D. and Anna (Coe) 
Hardenberg, the former a native of New York. After their marriage 
Mr. and ]\Irs. Hardenberg located in Vesta, Nebraska, where they 
engaged in mercantile business and in 1900 located in Osceola. Iowa, 
where they now reside. They became the parents of four children, 
three daughters and a son, namely: INIrs. Lewis; Edna, who is em- 
ployed as a saleswoman: Alora, a stenographer in Dexter, Iowa: and 
Newton, the proprietor of a barber shop in Osceola. Three children 
have blessed the home of Mr. and Mrs. Lewis, — Nevada. Vesta and 
A'idla, aged, respectively, ten, eight and four years. The family reside 
in a pleasant, two-story brick residence in Brownville, which has been 
their home since the spring of 1902, but they have resided in this city 
since December, 1893, at which time Mr. Lewis was transferred from 
Vesta. 

In his fraternal relations Mr. Lewis is a Master }vIason and a 
member of the Knights of Pythias. His political support is given to 
the Republican party, and as its representative he is now serving his 
second term as the mavor of Brownxllle, while for eight vears he was 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 315 

a member of the city council and for two terms president of the school 
board. Mr. Lewis is a well informed man, and enjoys the high regard 
of railroad officials, patrons and the citizens of Nemaha county. 



ROBERT V. MUIR. 

Robert V. ^luir is one of the oldest living settlers, both in point of 
his own age and in length of residence, of which southeastern Nebraska 
can boast. If he survives a very few years longer so as to be an octo- 
genarian, he will at the same time have completed a half century cycle 
of sojourn in this state. He has been identified with the growth and 
progress of this section of the state almost from the days when Ne- 
braska territory was organized under the famous "squatter sovereignty" 
of Senator Douglas, and he is honored and respected by all for the 
worthy part he has taken in affairs of citizenship and private life. 
He and his estimable wife, the long-time companion of his w^orld 
journey, also claim distinctive recognition in this work because of their 
lo'ig and famous famih- relationships and ancestral pedigrees, wdiich 
are cursorily mentioned in the followed paragraphs, but are of such 
interest to the genealogist that material for a \-olume might be compiled 
£onccniing the personal and family history. 

Mr. IMuir was born in Lanarkshire, Scotland, October 22, 1826. 
His father. William Wuir, was born in the same place, about 1769, 
and died in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, in 1853. He was one of three 
sons of a Scottish farmer, and one of these sons, Robert, was a 
prominent jeweler in Edinburg. The family possessed a coat of arms, 
iian.led down from an antique generation. The device, an engraving 
of a ]Moor's head and the inscription Diiris Non Frangor, is to be seen 



3i6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

on the heavy, hand-beaten sih-er spoons in the possession of Robert V. 
Mnir, altliough the engraving is dim with the passage of years and 
constant nse. 

Mr. Muir came to the United States with his parents in 1835, 
settHng with them in Greene county, New York, whence fifteen years 
later he went to Carbondale, Pennyh-ania. In 1856 he was elected 
treasurer of the Nebraska Settlement Company, and in that capacity 
came to Table Rock, Nebraska, where, in company with Luther Hoad- 
ley, he built a sawmill. In 1857 the company built a sawmill at North 
Star, Missouri, opposite Brownville, Nebraska, and on the dissolution 
of the firm in the following year this mill became the property of Mr. 
INIuir. He managed this mill and at the same time did an extensive 
real estate business. From 1867 until 1874 he engaged in mercantile 
business in North Star, and from the latter date until his practical re- 
tirement in 1881 -he devoted his time and attention to the flour busi- 
ness in High Creek Mills, Missouri, which he had already begun in 
1863. He built his large and substantial residence in Brownville in 
1870, and this is still accounted one of the best homes in the town. 
Its interior furnishings are of butternut, birdseye ■ maple and black 
walnut, all of which were cut in his mill, and it is a home of taste and 
refined appearance as well as comfort. Mr. Muir began this success- 
ful career humbly enough. He was educated in the Wyoming Semi- 
nary in Pennsylvania, and taught his way through school, and in this 
way got his start. He also got his wife in this same school, for Esther 
Davidson was his fellow student, and for several years before they 
were married he taught in a district adjoining her home. Mr. Muir 
is a member of the Presbyterian church, an interested worker for re- 
ligious principles and the cause of prohibition. In politics he was 
originally a Whig, later a Republican, and now a Prohibitionist. In 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 317 

1898 he was candidate for g-o\-ernor of Nebraska on the prohibition 
ticket and in 1903 was a candidate for regent of the State University. 

Mr. and Airs. Mnir ha^'e three children : Downie Davidson, born 
in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, November 12, 1853, is engaged in min- 
ing enterprises in New York city, and 1)y his marriage to Armista 
Wilson, of Mineral Point, lias one son, Downie Davidson; Frank 
Davidson AInir, l:)orn in Carbondale, August 2, 1856, has been a bank 
inspector, and lives in Brooklyn, New York, where he married Aliss 
Mary Barber; and Robert Davidson Muir, born in North Star, Mis- 
souri, September 19, 18(16, is cashier of the national bank in Port 
Jervis, New York, ami by his wife, Lillie Estella Hathaway, of 
Lincoln, Nebraska, has two daughters. 

Mrs. Robert Y. Aluir is of one of the oldest Scottish families, 
going back to the time when clan fought clan in terrible struggle. It 
is said that the descendants of the great Robert Bruce and the Da\id- 
sons intermarried. The Davison (or Davidson or Davisson, as 
variously spelled) coat of arms bore this motto: Vigct ct Ciiicre Virtus, 
— Virtue lives e\en in death. This was selected after the battle of the 
Inches or North Inch of Perth, fought by thirty picked men of the 
Davisons against a like number of the McPhersons with broadswords 
only, with King Robert III as umpire, A. D., 1396, in which battle 
nearly all on both sides were killed, one man of the Da\-isons surviv- 
ing, and he was saved by swimming the river Tay and remaining under 
water. Since those dark medieval days many a Davison has been 
prominent, on both sides of the Atlantic, and one branch of the family 
has been established in this country almost since the beginnings of 
American civilization. 

Esther Davidson was born in Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1827, 
a daughter of Robert and Helen (Kelly) Davidson, the former a 



3i8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

native of Kelso, Scotland, and the latter of Saratoga, New York. 
Robert Davidson was a machinist and builder of cotton mills, and 
built spinning Jennys in South Carolina. He came to America in 1812, 
and on the voyage was robbed by the crew of an American privateer 
of all his good clothes and tools and all his money except what was 
sewed in his clothes. He married in Saratoga, New York, and they 
reared three of their five children : ]m\q, the wife of John Stuart, 
of Scotland, died in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, the mother of four 
children, three surviving her; Mrs. Muir is the second; and Peter 
Davidson, of Scranton, Pennsylvania, is a retired farmer, and has 
six children li^•ing and has lost two. 

In 1902 Mr. and Mrs. Muir spent several months in New York 
and Pennsylvania. They celebrated their golden wedding anniversary 
at the Cafe ]\Iartin in New York city, and the public press had this to 
say of them : "Back in Scranton after fifty years' absence, the prominent 
Nebraskan and his wife. Mr. and Mrs. R. V. ]\Iuir, returned to the 
home of their youth. They were guests of Peter Davidson and family, 
of Green Ridge, Scranton, Pennsylvania. They have spent three 
months visiting friends and relatives in Warren, Pennsylvania, Port 
Jervis, New York. New York city, and Prattsville, New York, and 
will soon return to their western home. They celebrated their golden 
anniversary with a sumptuous dinner at Cafe Martin September 22, 
1902. Seated at the tables were the bride and groom of fiftv years ago, 
D. D. Muir and his wife, Amasta ^^'ilson and their son, F. D. Muir 
and his wife, ^lary Barber, of New York city, R. D. Muir and his wife, 
Li Hie Hathaway, and Anna, Mary and Esther Davidson. They were 
married by the Rev. Reuben Nelson, the principal of Wyoming Semi- 
nary at Kingston, Pennsylvania, Avho met the bridal party at the 
W'ydming Hotel in Scranton. The part}' were Esther Davidson and 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 319 

Roliert V. Muir, tlie bride and groom, Peter Davidson, best man, and 
Mary Shannon, bridesmaid ; also Jane Davidson and John Stnart, of 
Carbondale, and Rev. and Mrs. Reuben Nelson. Death in all these 
years has not invaded the family circle, but Peter Davidson is the only 
surviving wedding guest. Mr. Muir was conversant with Scranton 
when it was Slocum's Hollow. He assisted in building the enigne 
houses on the ^^'ashington gravity railroad, and was in the employ of the 
Hudson and Delaware Canal Company until he moved to Brownville, 
Nebraska." 

The following obituary notice gives additional facts relating to 
the subject matter of this history: "Died at Table Rock. Nebraska, 
August 22, 1873, relict of the late William ]\[nir, and daughter of 
Daniel Brown, of Lanark. Scotland, in tlie eighty-ninth year of her age. 
She was born in Lanark, Scotland, a descendant of the Browns, a 
name known to church history. Sh.e was acquainted with her grand- 
father, who was born in 1694. She distinctly remembered the close of 
the French revolution, the rise and fall of the first and second Na- 
poleon dynasties, the second war with Great Britain, and other events 
down to the late Civil war in the United States. At ah early age she 
united with the Scotch Presbyterian church. She was not demonstra- 
ti\'e, but witnessed her faith by her works, at the bedside of tlie sick 
and dying and in comforting the sorrowing: she had her own troubles 
and sorrows, and knew how to sympathize. At the age of fifteen she 
was bereft of her parents within a few days of each other. She lost 
three of her lovely children within six weeks, aged two, four and six 
years; later was sorely bereft by the death of her youngest daughter at 
the age of nineteen : and fi\e years later she was a widow. She was the 
last of her generation, and the dust of her kindred is in Scotland, Italy, 
\\'est Lidies, New York, and Pennsylvania. A sojourner of nearly 



320 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

four score and ten years, she died in a strange land, but comforted bv 
the presence of her eldest daughter. She sleeps that last long and 
dreamless sleep in ^^'alnut Grove cemetery in Brownville." 



BENJAMIN FRANKLIN JONES. 

Benjamin Franklin Jones, one of the well known farmers of 
London precinct, Nemaha county, having a nice farm on section 23, 
with postoffice at Brownville, has lived in this county for nearly forty 
years, since he was a boy of nineteen. He has enjoyed a successful 
career in his chosen pursuit, and as a good citizen and the father of a 
family who are among the popular and useful younger members of 
society, his record is one that can be scanned with closest scrutiny. 

Mr. Jones was born in New Hano\-er county, North Carolina. 
June 10, 1846. on the same plantation on which his father, David 
Jones, was born, October 3, 1807. The latter was married in North 
Carolina in 1833 to Miss INIargaret Ann K'eith, who was born in the 
same county in North Carolina, March 12, 1818. They brought their 
movables and two female sJaves to Missouri in 1849, and settled in 
Buchanan county, nine miles south of St. Joseph, they being witnesses 
to some of the first building operations in that city. He had eighty 
acres of land, which he cleared of the heavy timber and farmed from 
1849 ""til 1865. In ]\Iarch, of the latter year, he sold out and came 
to Nemaha county. Nebraska, and bought one hundred and sixty acres 
which adjoins the farm of Mr. B. F. Jones on the south. They were 
parents of fourteen children. Annie died in infancy; William J. is 
a farmer in Oklahoma, and has three sons and three daughters and has 
lost t\\i> daughters; Susan L. is the widow of B. F. Rice, in Oklahoma 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 321 

City, and has four daugliters and two sons li\ing: Mary P. is the wife 
of Henry W. Highsmitli in Oklahoma City, and lias one son ; David 
died wlien seven }-ears old; Annie is the wife of John J. Whittington 
in St. Joseph, Missouri, and has two sons and one daughter; Amanda 
H. is the wife of W. T. Moore, in Seattle, Washington, and has four 
sons and two daughters living; B. F. is the next child; T. L. is an 
extensi\e merchant and live-stock dealer in Hendley, Nehraska, and 
has five daughters; Charles M. was, at last accounts, at Joplin, Mis- 
souri, and has a wife, two sons and one daughter; Eveline, in Seneca, 
Kansas, is the widow of B. F. Coons, and has two sons; John Leoni- 
das Keith is unmarried and with his hrother T. L. ; Milton F. died at 
the age of thirty-two in St. Joseph, Missouri, leaving a wife and one 
son; and Addie is the wife of Thomas A. Bath, at Auburn, and has 
three sons and three daughters. The mother of these children died 
here on the old home, July 22, 1874, aged fifty-six, and the father died 
July 18, 1879. ^g^'^ seventy-two. They were both Baptists, and he was 
a Democrat, and was justice of the peace in Missouri from 1849 to 
i860. They had lioth recei\ed small inheritances, and they in turn 
helped their children get a start in life. 

Benjamin F. Jones \\as reared on a farm, and had his schooling in 
the district school, although most of his learning was acquired at home. 
The little brick school house, known as Happy Hollow, and standing 
only a few rods from his present place, has been the scene of his, his 
wife's, his children's and his grandchildren's schooldays, and it is a 
place of affectionate memory and happy reminiscence. Mr. Jones has 
consistently followed farming throughout his career, and his home 
place consists of ninety well cultivated and well improved acres, and 
he also owns one hundred and sixty acres in Sheridan county, Kansas. 



322 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

He raises corn and wheat crops principally, and is also connected to 
some extent with cattle-raising and threshing machines. 

Mr. Jones was married November 5, 1872, to ]\Iiss Sarah E. Clark, 
w-ho was born in Holt county, Missouri, in 1854. a daughter of John 
C. and Mary E. (Xoland) Clark. The latter is the oldest living set- 
tler in Nemaha county, and in the history of her life will be found fur- 
ther details of interest to the present sketch. The nine children born to 
Mr. and I\Irs. Jones are all living : Da\-id is a farmer, within sight 
of his father's place, and has two sons and one daughter; Florence gradu- 
ated from the State Normal, taught several years, and is now a sales- 
ladv with Thompson and Perry: IMiss Myrtle, \Aho was also educated 
in *he State Normal at Peru, has been a teacher for four years in Au- 
burn; Mary, educated in Peru, is a teacher three miles west of Peru; 
y\ddie is a student in Auburn, as is also her sister Dora ; B. F. Jones, 
Jr., is a boy of eleven and attending the Happy Hollow school; Mar- 
shall Clark is aged nine, and the youngest, Victor, is seven years old. 
Mr. and Mrs. Jones may well be proud of this bright and intelligent 
family, and rejoice in the fact that the circle is still unbroken by the 
hand of death. Mr. Jones is a Master Mason, and a Democrat, and 
he and his wife are members of the Baptist church. 



CHARI^ES MERRITT WELTON. 

Charles Merritt Welton, who is the owner of a fine, productive 
farm just east of the town of Johnson, Nemaha county, is a resident 
of twenty-five years' standing in this part of the state, having come 
here in 1878 from Marshall county, Illinois, where he was born Decem- 
ber 26, 1855. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 323 

His grandfather, Noah Welton, was a Connecticut farmer, born 
at Watcrlairy, and one of tlie streets of that city is named \\'elton in 
honor of the family, some of whose members were participants in the 
war of 1 81 2 and tlie Mexican war. Noah Welton was twice married, 
and reared a large family of sons and daughters. He lived to the 
advanced age of ninety-one years. 

Bela .\dolphus \\>lton, the father of ]\Ir. \\'elton, was born in 
Connecticut. December 2y. 1823, and died in Nemaha. Nebraska, in 
1882. at the age of fifty-nine. He married r^liss Abigail T^Ierritt, who 
was born in Cattaraugus county. New York, in 1832. Her father, 
Joseph Merritt, was a farmer, and in 1844 removed from Cattaraugus 
county to Bureau county, Illinois, where he had only money enough 
to pay for forty acres of land, but at the time of his death he owned 
fifteen hundred acres in that rich agricultural section of the state. 
Adolphus ^\'elton was married to Miss Merritt in Bureau county. Jan- 
uary 4, 1855, and they had four children: Charles ]\I. : Albert J., who 
died at the age of two years ; Ellen, who died at the age of eight years ; 
and Frank, who died when nine years old. The mother of these chil- 
dren died in 1878, and their father was then married to Felicia Ann 
Holmes, ncc Frisby, of Connecticut, who is still living near Bracken, 
Nemaha county, bright and cheerful at the age of seventy-eight. She 
has been a resident of this county since 1856, and was married here. 

I\Tr. \\'elton had a fair education in the common schools of Henry. 
Illinois, near which place his father owned a auarter section of land 
for which he paid eight hundred and fifty dollars. In the fall of 1869 
his parents moved from Mar.shall county, Illinois, to Berrien county, 
Michigan, and bought a peach farm near St. Joseph, but three years 
later they sold and went to Bureau county, Illinois, and settled on a farm 
which grandfather Merritt gave them. Three years later they sold 



324 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

this place also and moved to Henry, Illinois, where Mr. Welton's 
mother died. 

In I\Iarch, 1878, Mr. Welton came to Johnson, Nebraska, and 
bought the quarter section of land a mile and a quarter north of the 
town which his father a few years previously had purchased from the 
government. On this land he built a one-story frame building, and he 
has since moved this structure to his present home and now uses it as 
an implement buikyng. Besides the original quarter section he owns 
one hundred and twenty acres at his present homestead, and on the 
latter he has placed nearly all the improvements except an old frame 
house and a few cottonwood and fruit trees. He does general farming, 
growing about eighty acres of corn and from sixty to eighty of wheat, 
and keeps his place in fine shape and makes it yearly more profitable 
and valuable. His nice residence was erected in 1900 and he moved 
into it on the loth of December of that year. It is a full two-story 
dwelling, of eight rooms, with basement, and is well built and furnished 
throughout. 

Mr. Welton was married October 25, 1882, to Miss Amanda Jane 
Barnes, who was born at West Point, Lee county, Iowa. November 17, 
1853, a daughter of John and Elizabeth Harger Barnes, whose further 
personal history is detailed in the biography of Casner Barnes, to be 
found on another page of this work. Four children were born to 'Sir. 
and Mrs. Welton : A daughter that died in infancy ; Albert Casner, who 
died when nearly two years old ; Alice I\Iay, w'ho was born April 6, 
1891, and is a bright little girl in school; and John Barnes, who was 
born January 24, 1894, and is in the intermediate department of the 
public school and is especially bright at penmanship, writing as neatly 
and gracefully as a girl and with seemingly natural talent. Mr. Wel- 
ton is a stanch Republican, and has served as school treasurer for two 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 325 

years. He and his wife are ^Methodists and he is a trustee and treasurer 
of tlie church. 



JONAS DRUERY. 

The deserved reward of a well spent life is an honored retirement 
fnini business in which to enjo}- the fruits of former toil. To-day. 
after a useful and beneficent career. Mr. Druery. is quietly living at his 
pleasant home in Brownville, surrounded by the comforts that earnest 
labor has brought to him. Since 1857 this city has been his home, 
and here he is well known as a skilled mechanic. He was born in Lin- 
colnshire, England, on the 22(\ of July, 1827, and is of the fourth 
generation to bear the name of Jonas. His paternal grandfather, Jonas 
Druery, was a freeholder in the county of Lincoln, and belonged to 
the yeomanry. Jonas Druery, the father of our subject, was also a 
native of Lincolnshire, England, and was there married to Ellen Harris, 
they becoming the parents of five children. The eldest, Robert, died 
young. Jane became the wife of Edward Slight, and died in Indiana 
when seventy-eight years of age. lea\-ing a son and daughter. Jonas 
is the third child in order of birth, and the subject of this review. 
John came from England to this country two years after the arrival 
of his brother Jonas, in 1856, and located near Dayton, Ohio. In 1866 
he located on his farm in Nemaha county, Nebraska, where his death 
occurred. Eveline is tlie widow of Abe Stoker and resides in Ohio. She 
is the mother of one son and seven daughters. The father of this 
family was called to the home beyond in his seventy-se\enth year, and 
the mother's death occurred here in 1896, at the age of eighty-seven 
years, she lieing ten years her husljand's senior. Her religious views 



326 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

connected her with the IMethodist church, while her husband at^Hated 
with the Baptist denomination. 

Jonas Druery was ol.)hged to discontinue his studies in the district 
scliool when ele\-en yea'rs of age, and tliereafter worked on the home- 
stead farm until his thirteenth year, w hile for the following five years he 
was emjiloyed at the carpenter's trade, during all of which time he 
received only his board in compensation for his services. On the lOth 
of ^la}', 185]. he was united in marriage to ]\Iiss Eliza W'oolsey, who 
was born in Lincolnshire, England, on the 23d of Xo\-emher, 1825, the 
daughter of Thomas and i\Iary ( Sawyer ) W'oolsey, also natives of that 
shire, and for many years the father was a merchant in Gainsborough. 
These parents reared seven children, the eldest being John, who was a 
satldler by occupation, and his death occurred in England, lea\'ing three 
sons and a daughter. Thomas, who \\as a ^lethodist Episcopal minis- 
ter, died in Toronto, Canada, where he was an early missionary among 
the Indians. He was a scholarly man and an orator, and in his later 
life was superanuated by his church. At his death he left two daughters, 
one of whom became the wife of a Alethodist minister. Elizabeth 
became the wife of Walter Hart and died in middle life, leaving one 
son, Walter Hart. Alary became the wife of Daniel Dowell and died 
in Gainsborough, England, when fifty years of age, leaving four child- 
ren. ]vlrs. Druery is the fifth child in order of l:)irth. Sarali Ann, who 
also died in England, was the wife of Charles Hetchell. a watch-maker 
and jeweler, and at lier death, which occurred at the age of thirty-five 
years, she left three daughters and a son, all of whom were musicians. 
The youngest child, William, is a watch-maker and a wealthy jeweler 
in Lincoln, England, and has one son. The father of these children, 
Thomas Woolsey, was called from this earth at the age of fifty-two 
ve.irs. His father, Thomas Woolsev, Sr., was for many years a sea 



so U THE A S TERN NEBRA SKA . 327 

captain, and his wife was a lady of talent and of superior education. 
Mrs. W'oolsey, the mother of Mrs. Druery, passed away about 1849, 
in her fiftieth year. 

On account of her father's failing health jNIrs. Druery was taken 
from boarding- school when only fifteen years of age, at which time 
the estate was sold, but later repurchased and again sold at a large 
price. In 1855 Mr. Druery, accompanied by his wife and their oldest 
son, William Henry, sailed from Liverpool to the United States, spend- 
ing six weeks on the ocean voyage and landing in New York soon after 
the Fourth of July. Two other sons have been born to them, namely : 
John \\^oolsey, of Evans, Colorado, and Jonas H., a farmer of Nemaha 
county, and the father of one little daughter. They have also lost sev- 
eral children. 

]\Ir. Druery has long been numbered among the leading citizens of 
Brownville, where he owns four residences and five ^•acant lots, and 
also has one hundred and sixty acres at Glen Rock. In his fraternal 
relations he is a member of the masonic order, in which he has reached 
the blue lodge degree, and in his political affiliations is a Democrat. 
After a pilgrimage of nearly eighty years, in which they were obliged to 
surmount many obstacles which beset their path, ]\Ir. and Mrs. Druery 
are now living in quiet retirement at their pleasant home in Brown- 
ville, where they have many friends and acquaintances. 



328 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

VALENTINE P. PEABODY. 

\'alentine P. Peaborh', a leading" farmer and fruit grower of Aspin- 
wall precinct, Nemaha postol'tice, has been a resident of Nemalia county 
since 1869. He came here sliortly after an arduous term of service in 
tlie Civil war, and began on the bare prairie with the intention of 
making himself a living and a home, in which he has succeeded in an 
unusual degree. The very jjeauty of the place where he now makes 
his home is one of the rewards of his years of honest toil and endeavor. 
He has been prosperous in these business ventures, and also as a man 
and citizen. He has served his fellow citizens in various capacities, and 
he has gi\-en his influence for good and progress in every public matter 
which he has undertaken. 

Air. Peabody was born in Allegany county. New York, March 15, 
1842, and comes of an old eastern family. His grandfather, \\'illiam 
Peabody, was a blacksmith and farmer in northern Connecticut and 
western New York, coming as a pioneer to the latter place in 1809. 
His wife was Polly Holmes, also of Connecticut, and they reared all 
of their eleven children, se\en daughters and four sons, all of whom 
were married and all but one daughter had children. They all moved 
fnim western New York to Michigan during the late forties and early 
fifties, and most of them were farmers in Mahoning- county near Albion 
and Coldwater, All of them are now deceased. 

Thomas Peabody, the father of Valentine P. Peabody, was born in 
Stonington, Connecticut, September 7, 1797, and died in \\'oodford 
county, Illinois, in 1884. January 25, 1825, he married Fidelia Shat- 
tuck. who was burn in Potter county, Pennsylvania, February 12, 1809, 
a daughter of William Shattuck, a lumberman and farmer in Pennsyl- 
\'ania, and who reared se\eu children. The\' were married at Couders- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 329 

port, and then settled on Oswego creek, t\vel\-e miles from that village, 
where ]\Ir. Peabody was a farmer and lumlierman nntil 1844; lie then 
sold and moved to Athens county, Ohio, where he bought and sold land 
after taking the timber off; in No\-eml)er, 1858, he moved to Wood- 
ford county, Illinois, where he li\'ed retired among his children, who 
had preceded him there, until his death. He and his wife reared all 
their eleven children : Daniel died in Potter county, Pennsvlvania, in 
1869, aged forty-three, lea\'ing- four children living: Janette is the wife 
of R. S. Burnham, in Woodford county, Illinois, and has a larg-e family; 
\\"illiam Nelson is a wealthy farmer and large landowner, and has a 
large family; Mary, who died at the age of sixty-four in Illinois, was 
the wife of John Wallace, who came from Scotland at the age of ten, 
and they had a large family; Amelia, wife of James Richards, who died 
in Kentucky, his nati\'e state, was an in\-alid for tw^enty years and bed- 
ridden for twelve, and she died in Woodford county, Illinois, February 
21, 1892, leaving two children: Laura, widow of John H. Pilack, at 
Unadilla, Nebraska, has two children living; the seventh child was Val- 
entine P. ; Thomas P., who enlisted in the Union army in 1862, died of 
pneumonia at Arkansas Post in 1863, January 10 ; Eliza, wife of Lewis 
Fisher, now retired in San Diego, California, has a large family; Lephia, 
wife of C. W. Harford, a carpenter of Randall, K'ansas, has a number 
of daughters living: Alice and her husliand, ^^'illiam West, are both 
deceased, one daughter surviving them. The mother of these children 
died in Washburn, Illinois, January 21, 1861, at the age of fifty-one 
years. 

Valentine P. Peabody had a very meager education, and at the age 
of fifteen went with his brother-in-law, R. S. Burnham, to Woodford 
county, Illinois, where he worked on the latter's farm for one year. He 
then hired out at wages from ten to sixteen dollars a month, which 



330 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

work he continued until the war came on. In April, 1861, he re- 
sponded to Lincoln's first call for troops, and was enrolled in Company 
G, Seventeenth Illinois Infantry. He was wounded in the shoulder at 
Shiloh, in June, i86j, and was discharged according to Halleck's order. 
After remaining at home for two months, he re-enlisted, August 12, 
J 862, for three years' service, in Compan}- H, Seventy-seventh Illinois 
Infantry, becoming second sergeant. He was in .-Vrkansas, Tennessee, 
Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Alaljama, was slightly wounded several 
times, but ne\-er off duty, now ha\ing three crooketl fingers on his right 
hantl, as result of being struck by a shell. He returned to Spring-field, 
Illinois, in July, 1865, and he spent the following two years in Chicago 
undergoing treatment for granulated eyelids, until his sight was restored. 
He then spent about two years in Tazewell county, Illinois, where he was 
married, and in the spring of 1869 came to Xemaha county, Nebraska. 
He had spent all his cash capital on his eyes, and the first few years were 
vears of economy, if not privation, until he got a substantial start.' He 
has made fruit-growing his principal enterprise. He has a farm of 
one hundred and eight acres, and altogether has some six hundred fruit 
trees of all \arieties. He also has about ten acres of timber. 

In h^bruar)-, 1869, Mr. Peabody was married to Miss Mary E. 
Dressier, who was born in Tazewell county, Illinois, a daughter of 
Joseph and Eleanor ( ^\'ooIey) Dressier, the former of Pennsylvania 
and the latter of Xew Jersey, and they had been farmers in Pennsyl- 
vania, Ohio and Illinois: the former died in the war, of pneumonia, 
in 1863, at the age of forty-three, and the latter's death occurred in 
Mr. Peabody's home in Nebraska. There were six children in the Dress- 
ier family: Sarah, the wife of George Stock, died in Tazewell county, 
leaving three children: Mrs. Peabody is the second: Henry, a farmer of 
Nemaha county, came here in 1870, and has eight children: John is a 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 331 

Nemaha county fanner and has four cliildren ; Lorine, ui Aspinwall 
precinct, is the widow of Pulaski Harford, and has eight cliildren; 
Minerva is the wife of A. B. Davidson, of this county, and has four 
children. 

Xine children ha\-e heen born to Mr. and Mrs. Peabody. Laura, 
deceased wife of C. E. Harris, a railroad engineer in Colorado, died 
at the age of twenty-seven, leaving two sons, Charles and Earl, who 
ha\e since been with their grandparents; Elmina and her husband, C. 
H. Kindig, are Ixith successful teachers at Wakefield, Nebraska, she 
having begun at the age of fifteen, and they have taken post-graduate 
courses and are enthusiastic in their profession: Lester is a farmer north 
of Nemaha and also a railroad trainman, and has three children ; Elsie, 
^\ife of \\'. F. Higgins, a stockman of Stella, Nebraska, has two chil- 
dren ; Clarence, unmarried, is a flagman on the fast trains between Table 
Rock and St. Joseph, on the Burlington antl Missouri River road ; Adah 
is the wife of Eli Knapp, a farmer near Stella ; Mabel is the wife of 
Harry Russell, in Nemaha precinct, and has one child; i\Iiss Alice, aged 
sixteen, is a student in Nemaha ; and Grace, aged fourteen, is in the 
same school, and is also taking instrumental music, being \-ery apt in 
this line. 

Mr. Peabody is a stanch Repulilican ; his father was a Democrat 
in earlv life. He served in the lower house of the state legislature in 
18S0-1, and has been an active political worker in the campaigns. He 
has also held minor offices, school director for fifteen years, road super- 
visor, etc. He was census enumerator in 1880. He was a charter 
member of Corbett Post, G. A. R., of Nemaha, which has since been 
abandoned. Mrs. Peabodv is a member of the Christian church. 



332 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

MORGAN H. VANDEVENTER. 

Morgan H. \^anDeventer, stock-buyer and shipper at Stella, 
Nebraska, ranks as one of the soHd and substantial business men and 
agriculturists of southeastern Nebraska, and is one of the real pioneers 
of this part of the country, having taken up his residence in this vicinity. 
May I, 1859, or forty-five years ago, at a time when development and 
progress had hardly begun. He has figured prominently in the histor\' 
of this section ever since, both as a landowner and stockman and also 
as a public-spirited citizen, and as such he has represented the so^'ereign 
people in the halls of legislation and in other responsible offices. 

Mr. A^anDeventer was born near Delphi, Indiana, September 9, 
1836, and notwithstanding his near approach to the threescore and ten 
mark is as vigorous in mind and body as ever. The ancestors of the 
family were from Holland, and his grandfather, Isaac VanDeventer, 
was a native of New York and followed the occupation of a farmer. 
He married Elizabeth Culbertson, also of New York, and she was left a 
widow in the prime of her life with little or no property, and she died 
in Indiana at the age of fifty. She was the mother of two sons and three 
daughters, and the son James was a farmer at Delphi, Indiana, where 
ne died in the prime of life, leaving two children. 

The other .son, Christopher VanDeventer, the father of Morgan 
H. VanDeventer, was the eldest of the family, and was born in the 
Genesee valley of New York, Septemlier 29, 1803. and died in Jewell 
ciiunty, Kansas, aged eighty-eight years, seven months and four days. 
He married Elizabeth Baum, who was born in Ohio, June 3, 181 1, 
being a member of a pioneer family. The following items concerning 
the Baum family history have been preserved: — 

Jacob I'.aum, the father of Elizabeth Baum, was l)orn in Mifflin 
v.-ounty, Pennsylvania, October 7, 1780, and was married there in 1801, 




MORGAN H. VANDEVENTER 





MRS. SARAH J. VANDEVENTER 



MRS. L. R. VANDEVENTER 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 333 

February 20th, to Asenath Rotlirock, wlio became the mother of twelve 
cliildren. October 8, 1805, he moved to Ross county, Ohio, and after 
the division of that county he was in- Pickaway count)-, where he resided 
for twenty years. ?^Iarch 7, 1S25, he removed with four otlier families 
to tlie wilds of Indiana. Embarking on the Ohio river in a fiatboat, 
which they afterward sold and l)ougiit a keelboat, they ascended the 
Wabash to Deer creek, and thence up that a half a mile, and on April 
30th went ashore and pitched their tents and proceeded to put in crops. 
In October Mr. J3aum moved into a new house which he had erected 
on land he had the previous year bought at a land sale, and from that 
time until the spring of 1827 his house was crowded with hunters and 
travelers. Dr. Daniel VanDeventer came there with a small stock of 
goods and opened a store in a little log house built by Mr. Baum. The 
former was elected recorder, and the little store was occupied for the 
purposes of recorder's office, court room, etc. 

Christopher and Elizabeth \^anDeventer were married February 10, 
1S31, and had twelve children, all of whom grew up but one son. 
Isaac VanDeventer, born January 11, 1832, was a farmer in Indiana, 
Nebraska and Kansas, having come to Nebraska in 1861, and was a 
soldier in the Civil war; he died in Kansas at about sixty years of age, 
leaving three sons and one daughter. Mary Ann, born July 17, 1834, 
died April 2, 1857. Morgan H. is the third in order of birth. George, 
born September 25, 1838, died in Richardson county, Nebraska, Sep- 
tember II, 1874, leaving a wife and three daughters: during the rebel- 
lion he recruited a company for the Union army. Jonas, born Septem- 
ber 24, 1840, enlisted in Pennock's regiment, and was killed near Inde- 
pendence, Missouri, Alarch 22, 1863. Ira B. and Eliza Jane, twins, 
were bom October 9, 1843, ^"'^1 tlie latter died April 4, 1884, while Ira 
is an extensive farmer in Jewell county, Kansas. Margaret, born August 



334 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

lo, 1846. 1jv her first husband, Chauncey Thayer, had one son, and by a 
]\Ir. JNIower liad four children, and slie is now a widow hving in Jewell 
county, Kansas. Matilda, born October 10, 1848, is the widow of E. J. 
Proutv, of Washington state, and has three children. Reuben, born 
March 4, 1851, is a farmer in Jewell county, Kansas, and has one son 
and two (laughters. Christopher, born November 12, 1854, died August 
2y, 185 V John, born June 25, 1858, is a resident of Colorado, where 
he is serving his countv as assessor; he is a widower without children. 
]\Torgan H. VanDeventer had rather limited educational advan- 
tages, and such as he had were obtained in a primitive log school- 
house, with the rough puncheon floor, slab seats and the other usual 
pioneer equipment of the temple of learning of those days. He was at 
home until he was twenty-two years old, and on May 5, 1858, left Indi- 
ana with an ox team and a drove of stock cattle, and went to Hudson, 
A\"isconsin, where he was employed on a farm for thirty days, and 
thence went to Ottawa, Minnesota, where he remained two months, and 
during the following winter was in Mahaska county, Iowa. In the 
spring of 1859 he started for Nebraska, driving an ox team, and on the 
1st of May filed on a quarter section of land in Richardson county. 
After proving up he rode back to Indiana on an Indian pony for which 
he had traded his gold watch, and in the spring of i860 he and his 
parents drove overland with two wagons drawn by three yoke of oxen 
and a team of horses, bringing also six cows. His parents, who came 
with considerable means, settled on his claim, and his father also filed 
on an adjoining claim. In 1865 Mr. VanDeventer went across the 
plains with a party of sixteen driving ox teams, engaged in freighting 
hardware from Nebraska City to Denver, and also taking loads of corn 
to Julesburg in the same" season. He and his brother had two outfits, 
each wagon drawn by four yoke of oxen. For the past thirty years 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 335 

Mr. A"anDe\-enter has been dealing- in liog's, and has shipped from 
se\'ent}'-fi\-e to one hnn(h"ed cars a season. He began Ijusiness in Salem, 
the firm of VanDeventer and Morgan continning for seven years, and 
lie was tlien in business alone in Dawson and in Stella, for the past 
three }ears the firm of \'anDeventer and Wagner having been in busi- 
ness in the latter place. He has shipped more hogs from this section of 
the state than has any other man. For eight years he and a partner 
^\•ere in the general merchandise business together, yir. VanDeventer 
has lieen residing in town since 1888, and for the past twelve years his 
fine farm in this county has been conducted by his son. They raise 
a larg-e number of hogs, cattle and other stock, and have a model farm- 
stead, with large house, barns and other improvements. 

January 12, 1862, Mr. VanDeventer married Miss Sarah Jane 
Brown, and thev became the parents of four sons : Albert is a stockman, 
in Colorado, and has a wife and three sons and a daughter; Burl, a 
farmer in Jewell county, Kansas, is a widower with two daughters and 
one son; Walter is on his father's farm, as mentioned above, and has a 
wife but no living children; and Charles, born July 20, 1869, died aged 
seven months, seven days. The mother of these children died December 
II, 1900, and on December 12, 1901, Mr. VanDeventer married Miss 
L. R. Linn, a veteran school teacher and one of the following family: 
E. H. Linn, a harness-maker of Lincoln, Nebraska; Mrs. VanDeventer; 
Mrs. J. A. Willianis, of Lilly, Illinois, a former teacher; R. G. Linn, of 
Pawnee Citv, Nebraska; A. A. Linn, of Ottawa, Kansas; and Mrs. 
William M. Rogers, of ]\Ionmouth, Illinois. Mrs. VanDeventer's fam- 
ily came to Nebraska in the fall of 187 1, leaving Tremont, Illinois, on 
October 20, and drove through with two large wagons. 

Mr. VanDeventer has been a member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows for the past thirty years, and has passed all the chairs of 



336 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

his lodge. ^^'l^iIe on his farm he was a member of tlie school hoard 
for eighteen consecutive years. He is a stanch Republican, and was 
elected county commissioner in 1868 and served three years. In 1890 
he was sent t(j represent his county in the lower house of the legislature 
for one term. 



LEVI THACKER. 

Le\i Thacker, the well known miller and dealer in grain and flour, 
m Jefferson precinct, Falls City, is one of the old citizens of this com- 
munity, having settled here in December, 1869. He has followed the 
milling business most of his active life, and has made a great success 
of it. His enterprise has grown from small proportions in the days 
of its first establishment to one of the important industries of the 
county, and he has built it up by his industry and thrift and steady per- 
severance, always relying upon .exact and honorable business methods, 
so that prosperity has not smiled on him undeservedly. 

Mr. Thacker was born in Clermont county, Ohio, February 23, 
1843. His grandfather, Townsend Thacker, came to America from 
Germany in company with his father and two brothers, and after locat- 
ing for a time in Virginia came on to Clermont county and settled in 
the heavy timber. His wife was Sarah Owens, by whom he had some 
eight children, but Mr. Levi Thacker has recollection of only three of 
the sons : Isaac, who was a physician of Defiance, Ohio ; \\'illiam, who 
was a farmer in good circumstances; and John O. Townsend Thacker 
died in 1850, and his wife in 1870, when past the ninetieth milestone of 
her life's journey. 

John O. Thacker, the father of Levi, was born in Ohio in 1804, 
and died in that state in 1845. He married Rebecca Randolph Mount, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 337 

a nati\e of Xew Jersey, and they had four children: Henry, Avho died 
of the measles in boyhood; Allen, who has a wife only, went to Cali- 
fornia twenty years ago and is a successful miller of that state; George 
is a miller of Phillips county, Kansas, and has four sons and one 
daughter; and Levi is the youngest of the family. The mother of 
these children was married a second time, her husband being John W. 
Jones, and she survived him some twelve years, her death occurring 
at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1S66. 

]\Ir. Levi Thacker was reared in Ohio, and as a young man saw 
some service in the Civil war as a teamster. He began learning the 
milling business under his eldest brother, and has made this his voca- 
tion in life. He came to White Cloud, Kansas, in 1864, and for five 
years was engaged in running a flour mill which he sold out, and in 
i86g arrived in Richardson county, Nebraska. He had inherited twenty- 
five hundred dollars from his father, and on coming to Nebraska he and 
his brother purchased a sawmill and corncracker, together with ninety- 
three acres of land, for five thousand dollars. In 1875 they erected the 
first grist mill nearer than Salem, with a two-burr mill twenty by fifty 
feet. The firm was first A. and L. Thacker, and Adam Davis after- 
wanl joined them, buying A. Thacker's interest, and they continued to 
carry on operations for twelve years. I\Ir. Thacker has himself been 
in control of the business for some years. In 1898 he enlarged the 
plant, putting in an engine, and his ec|uipment is now complete for pro- 
ducing fifty barrels of high-grade flour every day. ]\Iost of the output 
is sokl to Rulo and Falls City, and he does a large custom business. 

Mr. Tliacker was married at Craig, Missouri, April 17, 1873, to 
Miss Elizabeth Catherine Jones, a native of ^Missouri and a daughter 
of Isaac H. Jones. ^Nlrs. Thacker is the eldest of the five living children, 
the others being: Jane, in Colorado; William, in southern Kansas; 



338 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Jo1in, north of Falls City ; Mrs. Emma Arnold, in Richardson county. 
Mrs. Thacker's mother died near here, and Mr. Jones was again mar- 
ried and had one daughter. He died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. 
Thacker, in 1901, at the age of seventy-nine. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Thacker 
have seven children : Otho, who is a miller, assisting his father : Edgar 
A., a street car conductor in Los Angeles; Gertrude, at home; Mary, 
in the Falls City high school ; Leona Schneider, near Pawnee city : Clyde, 
also employed in the mill ; and Mary, at home. ]\Ir. Thacker is a 
Democrat, but without aspirations for office. His wife is a member 
of the Methodist church. South. Mr. Thacker has made all the improve- 
ments on his property, including a modern residence situated on beauti- 
ful grounds just above the mill, and his business and real estate interests 
are all verv desirable and valuable. 



DAVID WILKIE. 

David Wilkie. who resides on section 22. Lafayette township, Ne- 
maha county, with his postoffice at Talmage, is one of the old pioneer 
settlers of this part of Nebraska, and is likewise one of the oldest men 
of the county, being now past the eightieth milestone of an unusually 
active and useful career. He began life in the crude and primitive 
early decades of the last century, and Avhat ad\-antages there were in 
in an educational Avay in that time he was hardly privileged to enjoy, 
for since his young body had thirteen years' growth he has known what 
hard labor is. FTe is therefore a man who has made his own way in 
the world, and the success which is his present lot has been gained by the 
sweat of the brow and intelligently directed industry. After spending 
his early years in his native state, he came to the Mississippi valley and 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 339 

was in Illinois before the Civil war, during which conflict he gave three 
years of his loyal service to the cause of the Union arms, as a member 
of an Illinois regiment, and he now draws a pension from the govern- 
ment to which he gave a patriot's highest devotion. Right after the 
war he came, in true emigrant fashion, in his wagons and with house- 
hold efifects and stock and family, to the new country across the Big 
Muddy, where he made his start, in humble circumstances, on govern- 
ment land. In the years that have since elapsed the results of his dili- 
gence have yearly become more manifest, as anyone could bear witness 
who should visit the fine estate of four hundred acres where he has 
developed his home and made the seat of his residence for nearly forty 
years. 

Mr. Wilkie was born in the little town of Queensbury, Warren 
county. New York, August 8, 1823. His grandparents. David and Eliza- 
beth (Irish) Wilkie, were farmers of Rensselaer county. Xew York, and 
their remains now rest in Warren county of that state. They reared 
two sons and one daughter, Mary, who became the. wife of Isaac File 
and reared thirteen of her fifteen children. 

Jacob Wilkie, Mr. Wilkie's father, was born in Warren county,' 
New York, before 1800. and was a successful farmer, owning a place 
of two hundred acres and also fifteen hundred acres of timber land in 
the same county. He was married about 1820 to Mary Weston, of the 
same county, and they had four sons, as follows : John Weston Wilkie, 
born about 1821, and died at Glen Falls, New York, about 1897, was 
all through the Civil war as a private soldier, was twice married, and 
followed the business of manufacturing the old-fashioned cradles for 
reaping grain; David \A'ilkie is the second son; James is a farmer at 
Brock, Nemaha county ; and Martin died in Warren county New York, 
in middle life, leaving a small family. 



340 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



David Wilkie grew up in Warren county and remained at home 
until his marriage. Two weeks after he was thirteen years old he began 
driving teams to lumber wagons, although his childish strength would 
not permit of his loading the lumber. He was married in 1847, and 
afterward came to Illinois. After his return from the Civil war, in 
1865, he left Dekalb county, Illinois, and drove overland to Nebraska 
Citv. where he arrived in October, having been three weeks enroute. 
He had one hundred and fifty dollars capital, and in the next June he 
paid out the last dollar of this for a plow with which to break the new 
sod of his government purchase. He now owns without incumbrance 
four hundred acres of choice land, and he has placed all the imi)ni\-o- 
ments upon it, including the shade trees and orchards which embower 
and beautify the place. He has a fine new barn fifty by fifty feet, and 
his comfortable farm house was erected in 1897. He has engaged in 
general farming, and hogs has been the principal stock raised, of which 
he has kept from one hundred and fifty to two hundred head, to which 
he has fed the most of his corn, of which he grows about eighty acres 
each year, besides what is put in by his tenant. He has a tenant house 
on the place. 

On July 31, 1847, Mr. Wilkie was married to Miss Lovina Hala- 
day, who was born March i, 1830, one of the six children reared in the 
family of Harvey Haladay. Mr. and Mrs. Wilkie have their one son, 
Har\e\- Jacob, born in Warren county, New York, ^lay 26, 1848, 
He was married in Illinois to Miss Julia Thompson, of that state, and 
of this union there are seven living children, one having died in infancy, 
.•IS follows; Emma, Mary, Carrie, David and Douglas, twins, Adelbert 
and Floyd. These granddaughters of Mr. Wilkie are married, and he 
is the proud great-grandfather of se\-en boys and girls. Mr. Wilkie 
is a Master Mason, and in politics a Republican, as are also his son 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 341 

and grandsons. He has served as road overseer. He and his wife are 
members of the Methodist church. 



JAMES I. SHAW. 

James T. Shaw, a prominent farmer and business man of Adams, 
Gage county, Nebraska, is one of the county's very oldest residents. 
He came liere in 1857, during tlie days of squatter sovereignty, so that 
there is scarcely a phase of political or industrial history of the state 
with which he has not been contemporaneous and personally familiar. 
He has always been known as a capable and enterprising citizen, able 
to advance his own prosperity and at the same time public-spirited and 
foremost in lending aid to endeavors for the general welfare of the com- 
munity and county. He has an honorable record as a soldier of the 
Civil war, and since that time has several times figured in the public 
life of his home locality. He is esteemed by a wide circle of friends 
and acquaintances, and is genial and open-hearted and popular through- 
out Gage county. 

]\Ir. Shaw was liorn in Dutchess county. New York, November 30. 
183S. His great-grandfather was a Revolutionary soldier, and his 
family was in the Wyoming massacre, in which two of his sons were 
victims of the Indians' tomahawks. Benjamin Shaw, another of the 
sons of this Revolutionary patriot, escaped massacre, and his son Stephen 
was the father of ]\Ir. Shaw. Stephen Shaw married Hannah Hicks, a 
daughter of John Hicks. The family moved from Dutchess county, 
New York, to Kenosha county, Wisconsin, and in 1857 again embarked 
their goods and set out for Nebraska. Two months after starting they 
arrived in Gage county, and took up a claim two miles from Adams. 



342 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

There were the foHowing sons and daughters in the family besides Mr. 
Shaw: WiHiam, who was a soldier, and met his death by accident; 
Egbert, deceased, was a soldier in the same company with his brother 
James; John is a resident of Adams, Nebraska; Steven lives in Adams; 
Margaret Gale is deceased; Emily is married and living in Gage county; 
Almira Lyons resides in Adams ; Hannah Noxom ; and Rebecca Sil- 
vernail, living in Adams. The father of this family, who was a farmer 
by occupation and in politics a Democrat, died at the age of sixty-two 
years, and his wife died at the age of eighty-five. 

James L Shaw was reared on a farm and educated in the common 
schools, finishing his school days before coming to Nebraska. On July 
3, 1861, he enlisted at Omaha in Company H, First Nebraska Infantry, 
under Captain Kenedy and Colonel Thayer, the latter afterward becom- 
ing a general and also governor of Nebraska. The regiment was sent 
south in time to participate in the campaign ending with the capture of 
Fort Donelson, in the battles of Shiloh and Cape Girardeau, and then 
was sent against the forces of Price and Marmaduke through Missouri 
and Arkansas. In July, 1864, Mr. Shaw received a furlough and went 
to Omaha. He had veteranized in the fall of 1863 and in the fall of 
1864 was then sent to the frontier to guard government trains and set- 
tlers against the Indians, being stationed at Fort Kearney and Julesburg. 
He received his final discharge at Omaha in 1866, being first sergeant 
of his company. He thus has a record of unusual length of service, 
and fully deserves all the honor which is shown the old veteran of the 
greatest war of history. After the war Mr. Shaw set himelf to farm- 
ing and business pursuits in Gage county, and that he has prospered is 
indicated by his present circumstances. He owns one of the fine farms 
of the county, consisting of four hundred and eighty acres, and has one 
of the best brick store buildings in Adams, besides five good houses. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 343 

Mr. Shaw was postmaster of Adams during the Harrison adminis- 
tration, and has heen active in. the work of the Republican party. He 
is a loyal member of the Sergeant Cox Post, G. A. R., and is popular 
with all his old comrades. He was married in Omaha in 1867 to Mrs. 
Virginia Stewart, who was born on the ocean while her Scotch parents 
were on their way to America. They have one son, Egbert, who is now 
twenty-eight years of age, a resident of Adams. 



GEORCtE B. LEWIS. 

This honored veteran of the Civil war and the well known fruit 
farmer and grain dealer of Brownville, is numbered among the early 
pioneers of Xemaha county, for here he has made his home since the 
1st of June, 1857. Tie came here from Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, 
his native place, his birth there occurring on the 4th of August, 1844. 
He is of Welsh ancestry, for in that country his father, George B. 
Lewis, was born in 1789, but when a young man came to this country 
and was here married to Mary Jones, a lady of ^^'elsh descent. He was 
a coal miner, and they early went to Penns)-Ivania, where he was 
engaged in mining anthracite coal and for many years also served as 
overseer of the mines of Colonel Lee. From that [ilace they came by 
rail and water to Xemaha county. Nebraska, in 1856, where the elder 
Mr. Lewis purchased a half section of land two miles southeast of 
Auburn, paying four hundred dollars for the pre-emption right of Joseph 
Council, fie made many improvements on this place, and at his death 
left a valuable homestead to his seven surviving children. He' passed 
away in 1859, and one year previously he had buried his wife. They 
were worthy members of the Baptist church, in which he served as a 



344 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

deacon in Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania. He was also a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Their seven children were as fol- 
lows : David, who died during his service in the Ci\'il war, when twenty 
years of age, leaving a wife; Elizabeth, the widow of H. O. Minnick 
and a resident of Nemaha City; George B. ; Washington J-, who went 
to California in an early day and is now deceased : Isaac, a carpenter in 
Colorado; Daniel D., who died in Brown\-ille in the prime of life, 
leaving one son; and Charles, who died in his boyhood. 

George B. Lewis enjoyed but limited educational pri\-ileges in 
his youth, being- permitted to attend school only until his twelfth year, 
and previous to that time he also worked in the mines. At the first call 
for volunteers to assist in the suppression of the rebellion he enlisted 
in a six months' Alissouri infantry, later entering the Fifth Missouri 
Cavalry, in which he served for two years, on the expiration of which 
period he was mustered out. He then became a member of the First 
Nebraska Cavalry, with which he served from 1864 until 1-866 on the 
frontier of Nebraska, and on the 30th of J"ne, 1866, received an hon- 
orable discharge at Omaha as a first sergeant. Returning thence 10 
Atchison county, Missouri, he w'as there married on the 6th of Decem- 
ber following to Mrs. Mary Stout, the widow of W. C. Stout and a 
daughter of H. S. and Charlotte (Harmon) Hill, natives respectively 
of Kentucky and Tennessee. Their marriage was celebrated in Bond 
county, Illinois, she being then fifteen years old and he twenty, and 
in that state they became well known farming people. In 1850 they 
left the Prairie state for Missouri, but one year later returned to their 
old home farm in Atchison county, where they remained for about a 
year. Mr. and Mrs. Hill reared three sons and three daughters, as 
follows: Mrs. Tewis; William, who died in Missouri when twenty-one 
years of age; George, who was a printer, died at St. Joe, Missouri, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 345 

leaving a -wife and one daughter; Nancy Jane, who became the wife of 
Lewis Keel, died in middle life, leaving two children; Drucilla. the 
wife of Dr. Jones, of Watson, Alissouri, and they have one son; and 
Benjamin F. is a printer in St. Joe, and has two daughters. Mrs. Hill 
was called from this earth at the age of sixty-eight years, in 1894, and 
]\Ir. Hill was an octogenarian at the time of his death, which also 
occurred in 1894. They were members of the Christian church, and for 
a number of years he served as a county judge. By her first marriage 
]\Irs. Lewis became the mother of the following children : Henry Clay 
Stout, who died at the age of twenty-two years, leaving one son ; Clara 
Bell, who died at the age of six years; Elmer Ellsworth Stout, a resi- 
dent of St. Louis, Missouri; Carrie Bell, who died at the age of ten 
months. 

The following children have blessed the union of Air. and Airs. 
Lewis; Nevada Idona. who was born in Missouri, October 18, 1867, 
became the wife of Thomas Fisher, and died at Liberty, Nebraska, 
in 1894. For several years she was a teacher in Auburn. John B. was 
born in Missouri in i86g, and is now serving as a station agent at 
Brownville. He is married and has three daughters. Libbie is the 
wife of R. Setzer, of Nebraska City, and they have one son. Morris. 
She also has one son by a former marriage, Lewis Heaton, a bright 
little lad of twelve years, who makes his home with his grandparents. 
Malcolm was drowned at Brownville when sixteen years of age. Mr. 
Lewis is numbered among the leading business men of Brownville. 
where he is a well known fruit farmer and grain dealer, and on his 
thirty city lots he is raising many varieties of fruit. His home is a 
sightly one and was erected by Air. ^^^heeler. who was our subject's 
guardian in his youth. Both Air. and Airs. Lewis are worthy members 
of the Christian church. 



346 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

DR. J. W. McKIBBIN. 

Dr. J. W. McKibbin, a prominent physician and surgeon of Adams, 
has been engaged in practice here for over twenty-one years. He is 
a thoroughly up-to-date practitioner, is broad-minded and possessed of 
abundant theoretical knowledge, and has all the personal attributes 
which make the popular and sympathetic physician, able to enter a house- 
hold not only as the messenger of healing but of good cheer and kind- 
ness. He has been very successful since locating in Adams, and is 
entirely worthy of the esteem which is everywhere accorded him. 

Dr. McKibbin was born near Milford, Kosciusko county, Indiana, 
Januarv 8, 1852, a member of a well known family of that county. His 
father, Samuel McKibbin, was born in Pennsylvania of Scotch ancestry, 
and came to Indiana in 1837, being one of the early settlers. He was 
married in Ohio, and by his first wife had two children, and he was 
afterwards married to Malinda Wood, in Indiana; she was a native 
of Kentucky and of an old Kentucky family. Dr. iMcKibbin's father 
died in Indiana at the age of seventy-nine years, and his mother at the 
age of twentv-seven. The former was a stanch Jacksonian Democrat, 
and was honored and respected throughout the community. He was 
also a leading member of the Methodist church, and was a class-leader. 

Dr. McKibbin was reared in Kosciusko county, and given a good 
education. He is a graduate of the Medical Department of North- 
western University, in the class of 1878. For two years he engaged 
in practice in his home place, and then came to Gage county, Nebraska, 
where he has been in continuous residence and practice for over twenty 
years. In addition to his practice he is owner of the Adams Stock 
Farm, on which he raises some of the best shorthorn cattle in south- 
eastern Nebraska, and this enterprise is not only a source of profit as an 
investment, but creates a diversion from professional duties. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 347 

Dr. jNIcKibbin is independent in political matters. He affiliates 
with the Masonic fraternity and the Improved Order of Red Men, and 
is a member of the county and state medical societies. He is vice presi- 
dent of the State Bank of Adams, which is one of the best and safest 
of Gaee county banks. 



DUDLEY VAN VALKENBURG. 

Dudley Van Valkenburg, grain buyer of Rulo, Richardson county, 
first came to this town on March 7, 1866, and has been in many ways 
identified with the best interests of the community since that early time. 
He has had a varied and wide experience in life and affairs, and is a 
man of ability and personal worth in all the undertakings of a busy 
career. He has witnessed and taken an acti\e part in the material and 
general development of the southeastern part of the state, and has never 
been found wanting in capable performance of the duties and obligations 
of good citizenship and as a social factor. 

Mr. Van Valkenburg, who is of a good old Dutch family of the 
old York state, was born in Kinderhook, New York, December 21, 1839. 
His grandfather was Harry Van \'alkenburg, Avho lived and died at 
Kinderhook, attaining the age of seventy. Of his two daughters and 
four sons, all had families, and two sons and two daughters remained 
in Columbia county, New York, and two went to Syracuse of the same 
state. 

Samuel Dudley- Van \"alkenburg, the father of Dudley, was born 
in Columbia county. New York, in 1816, and died in Green county, 
Wisconsin, at the age of about fifty-six. He married, in 1S38, Mar- 
garet Shufelt, who was born in 1817, and who is still living with her 



348 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

daughter in Wisconsin, bright and acti\'e, notwithstanding her many 
years. They were the parents of three sons and one daughter : Dudley ; 
Mrs. Elsie Darlington, of Buffalo county, Wisconsin; Adelbert, in 
Washington state; and Norman, of the same state. 

Mr. Dudley Van Valkenburg had a first-class common school train- 
ing, and in the course of his career has taught school for twelve years. 
On Jnne i, 1862, he volunteered at Kingston, Wisconsin, in Company 
C, Third Wisconsin Cavalry, and served till the close of the war, for 
three years and sixteen days, being mustered out at Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas, on Jnne 16, 1865. He Avas a corporal and on detached duty for 
nineteen months, and was lucky enough to escape all wounds and impris- 
onment during his many campaigns. Altogether he has been in the 
service of the government for fifteen years, being employed in North 
Dakota in erecting mills for the Indians, for four years was a mail 
carrier in Nebraska and Missouri, and for several years acted as super- 
intendent of Indian schools in Kansas. He has been in the grain-buying 
trade since he located permanently at Rulo, in 1S92, and has an extensive 
and profitable business. He owns his home and seven lots in the town, 
and also owns a farm of two hundred and forty acres near WHiite 
Cloud, Kansas, having bought it in 1890. 

Mr. Van Valkenburg is a Democrat in politics. He has served 
as justice of the peace, was deputy sheriff for eight years, was constable 
two years, and for six years deputy United States marshal. He is a 
Master Mason and past master of Orient Lodge No. 13, Free and 
Accepted Masons, at Rulo. His wife is a member of the Eastern Star 
and of the Degree of Honor, and belongs to the Episcopal church. 

Mr. Van Valkenburg was married in Yankton, North Dakota, 
November 5, 1869, to Miss Sylvania Roubidoux, who was born October 
21, 1843, i" St. Joseph, Missouri, a city founded by her paternal grand- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 349 

father, Joseph Roubidoux, and one of the streets Isears his name. Her 
parents were Farren and EHzabeth (Cedar) Roubidoux, who lost one 
child in infancy and reared this one daughter. Her mother was born 
in Council Bluffs, Iowa, in May. 1823, and married for her second hus- 
band Major Stephen Story, by whom she had six children. She died 
in Rulo, December i, 1900. She and her first husband entered a claim 
on the site of the present city of St. Joseph, and she also figin-ed as 
one of the earliest settlers of Richardson county, Nebraska. Her first 
husband, Mr. Roubidoux. died in St. Joseph in 1845, and Major Story 
died in Rulo, January 2j, 1882, at the age of seventy-two. The latter 
ser\-ed in the ^Mexican war. and at his death was the oldest white settler 
of Nebraska. ]Mr. and ]Mrs. A'an Valkenburg have two children: 
Vesta, at home, who is an accomplished pianist and a forceful character 
and energetic worker both in her home and in various social matters : 
Frank, the son, has for the past three years been employed in the office 
of the superintendent of the Burlington Railroad at Chicago. 



CHARLES HARDEN. 

Amongst the most pleasant rural homes of Gage county is that 
of Charles Harden, of Blue Springs township, it Ijeing complete in all 
its appointments, and a gracious hospitality adds a charm to its material 
comforts. ]\Ir. Harden is a \-eteran of the Ci\il war and bears an 
honorable record for bra\e service in the cause of freedom and union, 
and in the paths of jieace he has also won an enxiable reputation 
through the sterling qualities which go to the making of a good citizen. 

Mr. Harden was born in Peoria county, Illinois, in 1847, ^'^^'^ '^ 
a son of Richard Harden, a native of Brigliton, England, who was 



350 ' SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

seven years old on tlie emigration of liis parents to America, tlie family 
locating in Ohio. In 1833 h^ went to Peoria, Illinois, and became 
identified with the earl)^ development of that locality, assisting in the 
erection of many of the first log cabins in Peoria county. He married 
Miss Mary Gillon, of Washington county, Iowa, who died at the age 
of thirty years, loved and respected by all who knew her. She left 
four children : Mary Jane, now deceased : Charles ; John ; and Mary E. 
The father was again married, and by the second union had two chil- 
dren : Alice and Richard A. He died in Peoria county at the age of 
sixty-five years. By occupation he was a farmer and in politics was 
a Democrat. 

The early life of Charles Harden was passed in a rather uneventful 
manner upon the home farm in Peoria county, Illinois, and his education 
was obtained in the public schools of that locality. He was only sixteen 
years of age when he entered the army, enlisting at Peoria, in May, 
1864, as a private in Company E, One Hundred and Thirty-ninth Illi- 
nois Volunteer Infantry, with which he served until the close of the 
war. His command was following up Generals Price and Forrest 
most of the time and were on duty in Kentucky, Missouri and Arkan- 
sas. When hostilities ceased Mr. Harden received an honorable dis- 
charge and returned home to resume the more quiet pursuits of farm life. 

In 1866 Mr. Harden went to Iowa, and after spending some time 
in Wapello county, he settled near Shenandoah in Page countv. He 
was married in that city in 1877 to Miss Mary Beer, who has been to 
him a faithful comijanion and helpmeet. She was born in Fulton 
county, Illinois, and was reared and educated in that state and Iowa. 
Her parents were William and Adeline Beer, the former of whom is 
now deceased, but the latter is still living. To Mr. and Mrs. Harden 
were born tlie following children: Delia: Ola, wife of O. D. Strong, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 351 

and lives in Little Rock, Arkansas ; Nettie, who is now successfully 
engaged in teaching school in Gage county, Nebraska; Floy; Hattie; 
Madge, deceased ; Lynn ; and Dale, who died at the age of twenty-eight 
months. 

Leaving Iowa in ]88i, INIr. Harden and his family removed to 
Marshall county, Kansas, and located near Oketo, where he became 
the owner of a good farm of eighty acres. He sold that place in 1893 
and came to Gage county, Nebraska, purchasing what is now known as 
the Riverside farm in Blue Springs township, which consists of one 
hundred and thirty acres. This he placed under a high state of 
cultivation and impro\-ed in a creditable manner, erecting an elegant 
ten-room house. He has two large orchards, yiv. Harden votes with 
the Democratic party and keeps up his acquaintance with his old army 
comrades by his membership in Scott Post No. 37, G. A. R. 



W. ^L FULTON. 

The gentleman whose name introduces this sketch is one of the 
most prominent and influential citizens of Liberty township. Gage 
county, Nebraska, where he has made his home for the p^st twenty 
years. He was born in Center county, Pennsylvania, about fifty-four 
years ago, and is descended from a good old family of the central part of 
that state. His father, John R. Fulton, was a native of Pennsylvania 
and a son of Jacob Fulton, who was also born there and was of Scotch- 
Irish extraction. The latter was a .soldier of the war of 18 12, while 
the former aided in the preservation of the L'nion during the Ci\il war. 
In earlv manhood John R. Fulton married Elizabeth Beals, who was 
also born in the Keystone state, of Welsh ancestry. Many years ago 



352 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

he removed to Trego county, Kansas, where he is now hving at tlie 
ripe old age of eighty-five years. By trade he is a carpenter. Tlirough- 
out Hfe he has been a faithful members of the ]\Iethodist church, in which 
he has served as class-leader and exhorter, and he has lead an earnest, 
consistent Christian life. His political support is given the Republican 
part)'. His wife, who was a most estimable lady, died in Wymore, Ne- 
braska, in 1884. To them were born nine children, five sons and four 
daughters, namely: Wesley M. ; D. B. ; Cannarissa; Fannie; Ben and 
Mary, twins; Steven Ed; Arthur, deceased; and Emma, deceased. 

]\Ir. ^^'esley M. Fulton passed his boyhood and youth in Center and 
Indiana counties, Pennsyh-ania, where he was reared to habits of indus- 
try, his education being acquired in the puljlic schools. He has greatly 
broadened his knowledge in later years by reading 'and experience in the 
business world. On the 23d of September, 1873, he led to the mar- 
raige altar r\Iiss Lucinda Enterline, who was also born in Pennsylvania, 
and was reared and educated in Jefferson county, that state. On the 
paternal side she is of German descent, though her parents, Daniel and 
Lucinda ( Shives) Enterline, were natives of Pennsylvania, the former 
born in Dauphin county. Both died in that state. They held member- 
ship in the Evangelical church, and Mr. Enterline voted with the Re- 
pul)lican party. In the family were tweh-e children, of whom eleven 
reached maturity. Mr. and Mrs. Fulton have had ten children : Chandas, 
deceased; Lillie N. ; Charles P.; W. D., editor of the Liberty Journal; 
John L., deceased; F. F., who is engaged in the granite and marble busi- 
ness in Wymore, Nebraska ; Bessie L. ; W'ilda B. ; George E. ; and 
Ralph E. 

In 1883 Mr. Fulton came to Gage county, Nebraska, and purchaseil 
a farm of one hundred and sixty acres in Liberty township, which he has 
converted into a very valuable property, being now worth sixty-five dol- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 353 

lars per acre. There is a good bearing orchard and grove upon the 
place and the buildings are gocnl and substantial. In addition to gen- 
eral farming Mr. Fulton carrie.s on stock-raising and is also engaged in 
the real estate and insurance business, representing the ^Mutual Insurance 
Company of Nebraska. He is an upright, reliable business man, and 
soon gains the confidence of all ^vith whom he is brought in contact. 

At state and national elections Mr. Fulton supports the Democratic 
ticket, but at local elections where no issue is involved he v.ites for the 
men who he belie\-es best c|ualified for office regardless of party lines. 
He has been a delegate to county and congressional conventions of his 
party, and has taken quite an active and influential part in local politics. 
For thirteen years he has been a member of the school board and served 
two terms as assessor of Liberty township and is now ser\-ing as jus- 
tice of the peace. Pleasant and genial in manner, he n'lakes many friends 
and is held in high regard bv all who know him. 



BENTON ALDRICH. 

Benton Aldrich, the well known farmer and horticulturist in Wash- 
ington precinct, near Auburn, Nemaha county, receiving his mail by 
rural delivery route No. 2, has lived in the same locality for nearly forty 
years, coming to Nebraska in the last year of the Civil war. As he is 
one of the oldest citizens, so he is one of the most successful and one 
of the most highly esteemed. He is one of the substantial, thorough- 
going men who devote their best efforts to the performance of the 
work for which they have displayed the most aptitude, and this with 
Mr. Aldrich has been the free outdoor life of the farm and among the 
trees. He is an authority on tree culture, and is one of the leading 



354 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

apple-growers of Nemaha county. His long life of over seventy years 
lias been filled with useful effort, and he and his wife still retain their 
full capacity for enjoyment of the comforts and pleasant things that 
surround them, and are contented and happy in every phase of their 
lives. 

Mr. Aldrich comes of one of the oldest American families, and 
its members through many generations have filled positions of honor 
and trust and usefulness in various parts of this broad land. Authentic 
history states that George Aldrich, a native of England, landed in 
America, November 6, 1631, and first settled in Dorchester, Massa- 
chusetts, later in Braintree, and came to the territory which was incor- 
porated as the town of Mendon, before July, 1663, and he was the sixth 
of the pioneers of this town. All his children were born in Braintree. 
This progenitor of the Aldrich family in America died on March i, 1682. 

Passing over several generations in direct descent, the great-great- 
grandfather of our Nemaha county citizen was Benjamin Aldrich, who 
was born in Massachusetts. He was the second on the list of the 
eight grantees of the town of Westmoreland, New Hampshire, where 
he settled in 1741. He was driven off by the Indians before his grant 
was proved up, but it was renewed, and the farm thus settled remained 
in the possession of members of the family down to 1885. He died 
in Westmoreland, May 15, 1763, in the sixty-ninth year of his life. 

Caleb Aldrich, the great-grandfather, was born in Walpole, Mass- 
achusetts, March 4, 1730, and he was a farmer and died in AVestmore- 
land. New Hampshire, December 6, 1799, having married in 1757. 
Grandfather Aldrich was born in Westmoreland, New Hampshire, May 
29, 1764, was a life-long farmer in that state, and died in 1842, a short 
time before the death of his wife in the same year. He married Sarah 
Brown, who was a daughter of Mr. Brown, of Salem, Massachusetts. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 355 

They had six children : William A., a farmer, and died single at the 
age of twenty-eight; Alfred, mentioned below; Sarah, wife of Daniel 
Winchester, died at the age of seventy and was the mother of six 
children; Fanny had a large number of children by Samuel Mason and 
she died aged about sixty years; Polly died at the age of eighty, with- 
out children; and Sophia died without children at the age of fifty. 

Alfred Aldrich, father of Benton Aldrich, was born on the old 
homestead in New Hampshire, March 14, 1795, ^"^ died there on 
March 10, 1873. He was married in 1825 to Miss Mary Farrar, who 
was born in Hillsboro, New Hampshire, September 11, 1805, and died 
in Brattleboro, Vermont, October 26, 1887, and was a daughter of 
Isaac Farrar and his wife. Alfred Aldrich and his wife had the fol- 
lowing children : Alfred, born J'luuary 5. 1827, was blind from birth 
and died from cancer at the age of three; one died in infancy; Benton 
is the third; Hanson, born October 21, 1833, was accidentally killed 
September 25, 1847; Mi's- Mary Elsie Chickering, a widow residing at 
Brattleboro, Vermont, was born February 3, 1836, and has two sons 
and one daughter and has grandchildren by each of them; Miss Har- 
riet Elizabeth died in 1865 ; and Lina is the wife of F. D. Fisk, of 
Brattleboro, and has three daughters. 

Benton Aldrich was born on the old farm in Cheshire county. New 
Hampshire, May 3, 1831. He spent one year in the academy at Sax- 
tons River, Vermont, and at the age of twenty left home and came 
west to Hudson, St. Croix county, Wisconsin, where he began the 
career which has eventuated so prosperously by working for various 
farmers. During the four and a half years that he was thus engaged 
he met and married his wife. He had become owner of some land in 
the county, and immediately after his marriage he sold at a profit and 
moved to Winona county, Minnesota. He settled on one hundred and 



356 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

sixty acres of wild land there, and when it came into market bought the 
squatter's right to it. He kept a postoffice in his log cabin, and named 
this office and the hamlet which grew up about it Wiscoy, which name 
it still retains. He improved his land, and in 1862 sold it and went 
to Dunn county, Wisconsin, where he farmed for two years. In the 
spring of 1865 he sold out and moved to Nemaha county, Nebraska, 
where has been the scene of his operations ever since. He bought 
forty acres for fifty dollars, and this tract is now a part of the four 
hundred and fifty acres which comprise the family estate, of which his 
son owns one hundred, a daughter fifty-one, Mrs. Aldrich one hundred, 
and of the remainder his younger son now owns a part. He resides in a 
house that is a composite of grotto and dugout, and is curious in ap- 
pearance, but has afforded his family the comforts of a home for many 
years. He and his wife are very contented in this modest dwelling, 
hut they contemplate building in the near future a more commodious 
home, and on one of the prettiest sites to be found anywhere. This ideal 
spot is surrounded with groves of ornamental and fruit trees, retired 
from the dusty road and reached through an embowered driveway be- 
tween a colonade of maples which have all been planted by Mr. and 
Mrs. Aldrich. I\Ir. Aldrich is considered an authority on horticulture. 
He has an orchard of four thousand apple trees, and has planted over 
six thousand, his oldest son having two thousand. He also has a large 
■\-ariety of shade trees and shrubs, and he brought in a large number of 
red cedars in 1866. many thousands of which have since been sold. 
One season he sold sixteen carloads of apples, but the curculio pest has 
nearly ruined his orchard. 

The young lady whom Mr. Aldrich married while \vorking in 
Wisconsin was Miss Martha Jane Harshman, who was born in Wash- 
ington, Pennsylvania, March i, 1836, and was a daughter of John and 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 357 

Hannali (Smalle)') Harslinian, the former a native of Washington, 
Pennsylvania, and the latter of Greene county, that state. They were 
married in 1826, the bride being seventeen and the groom twenty, and 
they were the parents of fourteen children, of whom an infant son was 
accidentally poisoned, but all the rest grew to manhood and woman- 
hood, and twelve were married. The son William Henry was a soldier 
in the Civil war, and died at Madison, AVisconsin, while still in his 
minority. The other children are as follows: Catherine, wife of Wheeler 
Barnum, died in 1888, leaving one daughter and four sons; Mrs. Eliza- 
beth West, a widow, living in Los Angeles, California, had tweh-e chil- 
dren and ten are living; Daniel Harshman was in the army and is now 
in a soldiers' home, and was the father of twelve children ; Limerick, 
in Pierce, Wisconsin, has four children: Mrs. Margaret Dixon, a widow'; 
Mrs. Aldrich is the next of the children; Mary, wife of John Eubanks, 
in Chippewa county, Wisconsin, has two children: John, in Pierce 
county, Wisconsin, has three children; Hannah, wife of John Able, in 
Waseka, Minnesota, has seven children; Samuel McFarlane Harshman, 
in Montana, has four children; Romaine Amanda Morrison (her second 
husband Yansey), has seven children; and Mrs. Laura Matilda Wilcox, 
deceased, had six children. 

Mr. and J\Irs. Aldrich lost two children in infancy, and their 
others are as follows: Karl, living on a farm adjoining his father's, 
has one daughter, Elizabeth; Martha, widow of Campbell Stoddard, 
has one daughter and one son ; Mary, wife of D. Gallup, died at the age 
of thirty-nine, leaving an infant which is deceased; Lina is the wife of 
Alfred Butterfield, a carpenter, and they live on a farm near by, and have 
one daughter and two sons : Alfred, lived in one of the b.ouses on his 
father's farm, married Miss Cremona Jackson Rawley, from North 
Carolina, and thev have two sons. 



358 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Mr. Aldricli was a strong abolitionist, and since then a Republican. 
He served as postmaster for fourteen years, two years in Minnesota 
and twelve years at Clifton, but has otherwise been free from the cares 
of public office. He is too enthusiastic and devoted to his agricultural 
and horticultural duties to be concerned with other matters, and now 
in his old age his greatest joy is in the beauties and comforts of the home 
place which he has made by his past efforts. He was one of the organ- 
izers of the farmers' institute in southeastern Nebraska. At his home 
for many years was kept the Clifton Library of over seven hundred 
volumes, comprising the collections of about sixty families. 



JAMES W. HOSFORD. 

James W. Hosford, senior partner of the well known mercantile firm 
of Hosford and Gagnon of Rulo, has made this town the base and 
center of his business operations for nearly forty-four years, and has 
the longest established^ continuous business houses in Rulo. He began 
this career by itinerant merchandising on the plains before the advent 
of railroads, and in this branch of pioneering has perhaps seen as many 
varied experiences as any other man. He is a man of great ability and 
remarkable self-achie\ement, and has been going it alone ever since 
he was a small boy. He has gained a most creditable success, and his 
place in Rulo is one of honor and universal esteem'. 

He was born in Marion county, Ohio, January 24, 1835, being a 
descendant of an old American family. His great-grandfather, \\'illiam 
Hosford, was a Scotch highlander, who died at or near Bangor, Maine, 
an old man and well to do for his day and generation. Grandfather 
William Hosford was born at Bangor, Maine, in 1767, ser\-ed in the 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 359 

war of 1812, and died in Marion county, Ohio. He wedded a Maine 
woman, and they had five children: Horace; Asa, who served in his 
state legislature, and died in Galion, Ohio, at the age of eighty-three; 
Eri, who was driver of an old-fashioned stage with four horses, and who 
died at the age of seventy-five, having reared a family and amassed a 
fortune; Harry, deceased, who was a pioneer of Council Bluffs, Iowa; 
William was a farmer in Marion county, Ohio, where he died when 
past middle life, leaving two sons and one daughter. 

Horace Hosford, the father of James W., was born in Ontario 
county, New York, in 1796, and died at Greencastle, Indiana, in 1861. 
He farmed in Marion county, Ohio, from 1833 to 1838, and he and 
his brother Asa also built and ran a flouring and saw mill. In 1838 
he sold out and went to Shelby, Ohio, where he engaged in farming 
and stock-raising. He was married in 1833 to Charlotte Wilson, who 
was born in eastern Virginia in 1812, and at the age of eleven she was 
brought to Muskingum county, Ohio, by her parents. Charles and Anna 
Wilson. There were five children born to Horace and Charlotte Hos- 
ford : James W. ; Eliza, wife of Harvey McConnell, died at Liberty, 
N'ebraska, in 1889, leaving all her eleven children : Amanda, wife of B. 
S. Chittenden, lives at Winfield, Kansas, antl has one son and one daugh- 
ter; Candace, wife of Edward Fairbanks, dietl at the age of twenty- 
eight, in Greencastle, Indiana, leaving no children ; and Clara died in 
infancy. 

Mr. James W. Hosford was reared on the farm and also learned 
the mill business. His schooling was in the very primitive log schools, 
with their rough seats and desks and other uncomfortable and pioneer 
furnishings. He left school at tlie age of sixteen, and when eighteen 
he began teaching, for two terms near Shelby, Ohio, one term in Miss- 
ouri, and one in Kansas. He came to Kansas Citv. Missouri, or rather 



36o SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

at the site of the present city, in Septemljer, 1858, and spent tlie follow- 
ing \\inter in teaching there. He \\as at St. Ji/iseph when the Hannibal 
and St. Joe Railroad was formally 0]3ened, in the spring of 1S59, which 
was made the occasion of a great celebration. On INIay i, 1S60. he 
left Leavenworth, Kansas, and drove six yoke of oxen from that city 
to Central Citv. Colorado. He was seven weeks on the trip out. and 
there were some twentv-iive wagons, thirty men and three hundred oxen 
in the train. He was engaged in freighting merchandise, and got g-ood 
])ay and had a good time. He spent the summer of i860 in g'old mining 
and freighting in the mountains, and on December i, 1S60, came to 
Rulo. He and ^Ir. Gagnon formed a partnership, and fifteen days 
later they left for Fort Laramie, Wyoming, with a large co\-ered wagon 
loaded with pork from the old packing house at \\diite Cloud, Kansas. 
They paid four and a half cents a pound for the pork and sold it for fifty, 
and during their four weeks' trip made consideral)le money. On their 
return they were delayed at Grand Island, Nebraska, on account of 
the deep snow, and while they were there Fort Sumter was fired upon. 
On their arrival in Rulo they bought and equipped three wagons and 
thirt}--six yoke of oxen, and with loads of merchandise and provisions 
started out for Fort Laramie. \A'hen five hundred miles out from the 
Missouri they began trading, and continued their (iperations one hundred 
and fifty miles Ijeyond Laramie, coming back Ijy wa}' of the present city 
of Che}-enne and Boulder, Colorado, where they cnmpleted their suc- 
cessful enterprise, and thence reached Rulo in the fall of 1861. In the 
following spring they freighted for the go\ernment from this place to 
Fort Laramie, and in the summer of 1863 hauled merchandise with eight 
wagons from Xeliraska City to Denver. In 1S64 they hauled machinery 
for quartz mills from Atchison, Kansas, to Central City. Colorado, and 
on one of the trips passed over the road just after the Indian hostilities 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 361 

of August of that year liad liroken out, uarrowly escaping the devasta- 
tion that the redskins wrouglit for many miles of territory. In the fall 
of 1865 they loaded tweh-e wagons with corn, and with one hundred 
and fifty head of cattle started for the Black Hills and Fort Halleck. 
being paid by the go\-ernment nearly eight dollars a bushel for their 
freight, and realizing several thousand dollars frnm their trip. By the 
fall of 1866 the Union Pacific was completed as far as Kearney, Ne- 
braska, and the days of the prosperous freighter were over, so they 
sold their cattle and ha\e since engaged in merchandising at the perma- 
nent location of Rulo. In the fall of 1866 they erected the first store, 
which, together with their fine grain elevator and mill, was burned down 
in the summer of 1883, at a loss of forty thousand dollars, and it was a 
long' time before they secured their insurance of thirteen thousand five 
hundred dollars. In 1887 tliey erected their present brick block, which 
is the largest and best establishment of the kind in Rulo, and througli- 
out the years their trade has increased and prospered and augmented 
their reliability and high standing in the community. ^Ir. Hosford owns 
altogether fifteen hundred acres of Richardson county land, in ten farms, 
and also has three tenant houses in addition to his own large and com- 
fortable dwelling, which was one of the early houses of the town. 

]\Ir. Hosford is a prominent Republican, and has been mayor of 
Rulo three times. He is a \'eteran member of the school board. In 
1868 he was a charter member of the Nemaha Valley, Lincoln City and 
Loop Fork Railroad Company. It was he who found and buried the 
body of Sam Gilmore. of Platte count}-, ?^Iissori, who was killed by 
the Indians in April, 1864, and he has been connected in countless other 
ways with pioneer life and days of the Missori valley. 

He was married in Rulo, to ]\Iiss Permelia Mildred Fasley, who was 
born in Franklin county, ^Missouri, October 30, 1850, a daughter of 



362 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Edward A. and Susan Easley, detailed mention of \\hich worthy people 
will be found in the sketch of their son, Drury T. Easley. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hosford have had five children : Lottie H., wife of Edward Nich- 
ols, of Des Moines, Iowa ; Miss Mary Mildred, who is a competent and 
successful stenographer at Los Angeles, California; Horace G., a civil 
engineer and engaged in surveying on the Des Moines and Missouri 
Railroad: James V., a student in the class of 1904 in the Gem City 
Business College at Ouincy, Illinois; and Xewton K., a boy of fifteen, 
at home. 



F. E. KIMBALL. 

A well known figure on the streets of Beatrice, Nebraska, and a 
man occupying a prominent place in the business circles of the city, is 
F. E. Kimball, proprietor of a laundry and livery, and a stock breeder. 

Mr. Kimball was born in the territory of Wisconsin, in November, 
1841. The name Kimball is of Scotch origin, but the family to which 
the subject of this sketch belongs has long been resident of America, 
the early home having been New England and several generations of the 
family having been born in New Hampshire. Peter Kimball, tiie 
great-grandfather of F. E., was a native of New Hampshire and was 
a veteran of the Revolutionary war, in which he rendered valiant serv- 
ice for the cause of independence. Joseph Kimball, Mr. Kimball's grand- 
father, was a New Hampshire farmer who was called "Captain." He 
was twice married and was the father of twelve children, all by his first 
wife. One of Joseph Kimball's sons was Jesse ^^'. Kimball, born in 
Sullivan county. New Hampshire, in 1803. 

Turning to the maternal ancestry of I\lr. Kimball, we find that his 
mother was before her marriage Miss Emily Cotton. She was a daugh- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 363 

ter of Nathaniel Cotton, a descendant of John Cotton, who came to this 
country in the Mayflower. The Cottons were members of the Congre- 
gational clmrch and in the family were several ministers of that denomi- 
nation. 

Jesse W. Kimball and his family left their New England home in 
1840 and went to ^Visconsin, settling in Walworth township, Walworth 
county, where they were pioneers and became leading citizens. Later 
they moved to Galesbnrg, Illinois, where he died at the age of seventy- 
four vears. His wife's death occurred in Lorain, Ohio, in 1883, at the 
age of eighty-two years. Both are buried at Galesbnrg. They were 
the parents of four children, all of whom, with one exception, grew to 
adult age, viz. : Rev. Charles Cotton Kimball, D.D., LL.D., who spent 
many years in eastern Congregational pastorate, and who is now living- 
retired in New Jersey, at the age of seventy years; Mrs. Francis Ann 
Knight, widow of George H. Knight, who died' in Cleveland, Ohio, in 
1893; '^'""^1 F, E. Kimball, whose name introduces this article. 

F. E. Kimball was just emerging from his teens when the trou- 
blous days of Civil war came on. He was amiong the first to leave 
home and chase the "Jay Hawkers." He was mustered into the service 
as a private in a Kansas cavalry, in September, 1861, at Leavenworth, 
and .shared the fortunes of his command until the following year, when 
he was honorably discharged. 'Mt. Kimball spent twenty of the best 
years of his life as a locomotive engineer on the Burlington Railroad, 
running between Galesbnrg and Chicago, with headquarters at the 
former place. He came from Galesbnrg to Nebraska, locating first in 
Hastings. In 1891 he moved to Beatrice, where he has since resided. 
He has a pleasant home in Ella street, at No. 813, and he also owns his 
livery and laundry buildings. In bis livery barn he keeps from forty 
to fort\--five head of horses, some of them speedy and blooded and as 



364 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

fine stock as will be found anywhere in the country. Three and a half 
miles east of Beatrice Mr. Kimball has fifty acres of land, where he is 
making a specialty of raising fine hogs. 

Mr. Kimball was married October 24. 1864, to Miss Emma L. 
Kimball, of Ouincy, Illinois, daughter of Rev. Milton Kimball, a Pres- 
byterian minister of Illinois. They have an only child, Frank J. Kim- 
ball, who is married and living in Omaha, Nebraska, where he is pro- 
prietor of the Kimball Laundry. He first engaged in the laundry busi- 
ness in Beatrice, when a mere youth, and established the business at 
this place that his father now has charge of. 

Mrs. Kimball is a member of the Presbyterian church, the faith in 
which she was reared. Politically Mr. Kimball is a Republican, always 
taking a commendable interest in public affairs, but never seeking official 
honors. 



SAMl^EL A. KINNEY. 

Samuel A. Kinney, proprietor of "Wolf \'alley Stock Farm" in 
Gage county, Nebraska, is one of the prominent farmers of the county. 
Mr. Kinney was born in Richardson count}', Nebraska, January 2, 1861, 
and is descended from English ancestry. His father, David Kinney, 
first saw the light of day on the shores of Lake Champlain, in northern 
A'ermont. he being a son of Hammond Kinney, whose father was 'an 
Englishman who came to this country befure the Revolutionary war and 
in that war fought for the independence of the American colonies. Ham- 
mond Kinney died at the age of eighty-five years. His wife, iice 
Lucretia Edson. was a native of Vermont. Their son David grew up 
in the Green Mountain state and there learned the carpenter's trade. 
\\'hen a young man he came west, first to Wisconsin, then to Illinois, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 365 

next to Leavenworth, Kansas, and finally to Richardson county, Ne- 
braska. Here he met and married Miss Malinda Stumbo, a native of 
eastern Ohio, and a member of a German family, her father being John 
Stumbo, one of the first settlers of Richardson county. Mr. David 
Kinney built the first mill in this county, for his father-in-law. He died 
here in 1891, at the age of fifty-six years. He was politically a Repub- 
lican and his religious creed was that of the Evangelical church, in which 
he was a deacon. His widow is still living, now a resident of Blue 
Springs, Nebraska. They had a family of six children, namely : Samuel 
A., Frank Edson, Dora, Henry B., William and Viva. 

Samuel A. Kinney was reared on a farm and received a liberal 
schooling at White Cloud and Manhattan, Kansas, and was a successful 
teacher for nine years in Kansas and Nebraska. Since leaving the 
schoolroom he has given his whole attention to farming and stock- 
raising. He owns Wolf Valley Farm, which comprises eight hundred 
acres and, he has a good residence and one of the finest barns in Gage 
county. This barn is seventy-four by forty-four feet in dimensions, 
has a large basement built of rock, with all modern improvements and 
is especially fitted for dairy business, having room for twenty-five 
cows. 

Mr. Kinney was married December 25, 1883, to Julia Smead, who 
was previous to her marriage a popular and successful teacher. Her 
father, E. O. Smead, came to Nebraska from New York, and is now a 
resident of Kearney, this state. He is a veteran of the Civil war. Her 
mother, whose maiden name was Mary Hitchock, was born in Ohio. 
In the Smead family were five children, of whom Mrs. Kinney is the 
oldest, the others being Anna, Arthur, Eugene, and Ah'in. Mr. 
and Mrs. Kinney have had seven children, viz. : Loyette, Earl D., Edith 
O., Guv, Flovd, Ruth and Glenn. The last named died at the age of 



366 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

five years. Like his father before him, Mr. Kinney is a RepubHcan 
voter. 



ROSS \V. NELSON. 

Occupying a representative position among the leading and success- 
ful business men of Pawnee county, Nebraska, is Ross W. Nelson, the 
grain and coal dealer of Bookwalter. 

Mr. Nelson was born in Van Buren county, Iowa, September 24, 
1866. Hugh Nelson, his father, a native of Ohio, was bom near Savan- 
nah, July 2, 1830, and died in Van Buren county, Iowa, June 12, 1900. 
William Nelson, the grandfather, was also an Ohio man and was en- 
gaged in farming there for many years. He traded a forty-acre farm 
in that state for three hundred acres of raAv prairie land in Van Buren 
county, Iowa, in 1845, ^"d this land is still held by members of the family. 
He lost two sons and three daughters in childhood, and reared three 
sons: John, William and Hugh. 

Mr. Nelson's mother is still living and is now seventy-two years 
of age. She was before her marriage Miss Hannah Coulter, and was 
born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, in 1832, daughter of Wil- 
liam Coulter, a farmer who came west in 1845. I" 1864 she was 
united in marriage to Hugh Nelson, and their children are Ross W. 
and his two brothers, William E. and Clyde H., who are engaged in 
farming in Iowa. 

Ross W. Nelson was reared to farm life and had the advantage of a 
common school education only. He remained a member of the home 
circle until his twenty-second year, after which he engaged in farming 
with an uncle in western Iowa. He came to Pawnee county, Nebraska, 
fourteen years ago, in 1889, ^"d was a wage worker on farms here 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 367 

for two years. Then he married and settled down, and witli the passing 
years he has met with success and has accumulated a competency. Four 
vears ago he bought the coal and grain business of F. B. Felton, which 
he has since conducted successfully, handling all kinds of grain and doing 
and extensive business in coal. His elevator holds ten thousand bushels 
and he handles on an average one hundred and fifty carloads per year. 
He owns one hundred and sixty acres of land near Bookwalter and has 
a pleasant home in town. 

December 30, 1891, Mr. Nelson married Miss May E. Laird, daugh- 
ter of T. A. and Emma Laird, who came to Nebraska from Henry 
county, Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. Nelson have five children, as follows : 
W'illa, born June 17, 1893; Clyde A., November 24, 1894; Mary L, 
February 28, 1897; Ruby, March 17, 1899; and Thelma Louise, March 
9, 1903. 

Politically Mr. Nelson is a Democrat, and while he has never been 
active in politics he has always taken a commendable interest in public 
affairs, especially those in his own locality, and he has served efficiently 
ds a member of the school board of Bookwalter. He is identified with 
the Modern Woodmen of America and the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, in which he has served officially, in the former holding next 
to the highest office at this writing. His religious faith is that of the 
Presbyterian church, of wdiich he is a worthy member. 



DRURY T. EASLEY. 

Drury T. Easley, of Rulo, is a retired merchant, and was one of 
the earliest settlers of this portion of Nebraska, having come to Rulo 
in 1858. He has been continuously in trade for the past forty-five 



368 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

years or until his recent retirement from active duties in order to enjoy 
a well earned rest. He was one of the few men who went to California 
in the Eldorado days and returned with money to reward his efforts 
and exposure to the dangers and hardships of the gold coast. He arrived 
in New York city with over twelve thousand dollars to the good. He 
had gone across the plains and returned to the States by way of the 
isthmus. He was the second merchant to establish a business in Rulo, 
when Nebraska was yet a territory, and his long career enabled him to 
gain a good competency besides doing well by his family, and when he 
retired two years ago it was with the well wishes of all his friends and 
many associates. He has also performed his share of public and church 
and social obligations, and as a Democratic voter and a member of the 
Methodist church he has been a valued part of the community life. 

Mr. Easley was born in Halifax county, A'irginia, March 2, 1831. 
His grandfather, Drury Easley, was an otlicer in the Revolution, and 
was several times wounded in the war. His wife was a Miss Faulkner, 
and he was a Scotchman and she of English lineage. They followed 
farming in Halifax county, Virginia, where both lived to good old age. 

Edward A. Easley, the father of Drury T., was born in Halifax 
county, Virignia, April 4, 1S07. He married Susan D. Crowley, who 
was born May 16, 181 1, and died October 30, 1854. They were the 
parents of the following children : Elizabeth F.. the widow Poindexter, 
of Forest City, Missouri, was born in Halifax county, Virginia, in 1829; 
Drury T. is next; William K., born in May, 1833; Susan Jane, born 
October 11, 1835: Martha Ann, born August 25, 1838; I\Iary, born 
in 1842, died in 1844; ^^irginia C, born in 1846; Edwin A., born Octo- 
ber 31, 1848; and MilHe, born October 30, 1850. 

Mr. Drury T. Easley married, August 12, i860. Miss Marj^ Ann 
Thomas, -who was born in Pennsyl\-ania, June 4, 1838. the daughter of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 369 

a Baptist minister. The following children were born of this union : 
Fred Drury, born September 8, 1861, met a sad death on the railroad, 
on April 20, 1895.; Susan Adaline, born November 3, 1862, is now 
Mrs. Miles, wife of the well known banker and capitalist, J. H. Miles, 
of Falls City, and has six children; Mary Mildred, born August 12, 
1864, is the wife of J. A. Hinkle, the successor of Mr. Easley in the 
mercantile business in Rulo; he is a college graduate and a genial gen- 
tleman and successful business man; they have three children: Edith 
Hinkle, aged thirteen; John Talbot, aged ten; and Mary Mildred, aged 
eight. Tda Bell, born November 21, 1867, a talented young lady, died 
February 8, 1885, just after her graduation. Carrie Alice, born July 
14, 1871, died July 31, 1884. Bertha D., born April 2, 1874, is living 
in Los Angeles, California, and has one daughter. Grace Edna, born 
August 23, 1877, died September 6, 1877. Mrs. Mary Ann Easley, 
the mother of this family, died in Falls City, September 29, 1902. 



LEWIS HARVLIN MORRIS. 

Lewis Harvlin Morris, now living retired in Auburn, Nemaha 
county, is one of the old-time residents of southeastern Nebraska, and 
has been successful in everything he has undertaken. He was a farmer 
in this county for many years, but has been retired since 1900, and 
now gives his attention mainly to caring for the property which he 
lias gained by many years of diligent labor and careful business man- 
agement. While not a young man in years, he is one of those peren- 
nially youthful spirits whom age never touches but lightly, and who are 
able to bear with joy life's burdens to the end. 

Mr. Morris can just remember his grandfather Morris, who was 



370 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

sheriff, and who married a Miss I-incohi, a relative of Abraham Lin- 
coln. His father, HarvHn Morris, was born in Massachusetts, and was 
a shoemaker bv trade, following farming- later in life. He was married 
to Miss Clarissa Bullard in Utica, New York, a daughter of Jonathan 
Bullard, a farmer and carpenter. These parents lived in Depeyster. 
St. Lawrence county. New York, for some years, and then moved to 
Gouverneur, where the father rented and also owned a small place. 
They had the following children: Lovell died at the age of one year; 
Adaline Amanda, the wife of Cephas Smith, died in St. Lawrence county 
at the age of seventy, without children ; Volney died at the age of sev- 
enty, August 13, 1894, leaving a son, Bower J- : Jonathan B., a widower 
with one son, lives in North Wilmington, Massachusetts, and is in 
business in Boston; M. Duane died in Gouverneur about 1890, leaving 
a wife and one daughter; Franklin Willard is a retired miller in Gouv- 
erneur. and has two daughters; Frances, wdio is a twin of the preceding, 
died at the age of twenty-one in New York; Orville O. is a miller in 
Peoria, Illinois, and has a wife and three children. 

Lewis Harvlin Morris, who completes the above family, was born 
at Depeyster, St. Lawrence county. New York, April 28, 1837, and was 
reared there and at Gouverneur in the same county. He served an 
apprenticeship at shoemaking and harness-making, and followed this 
business at Gouverneur for some time. He lived there eight years 
after his marriage, and he came to Nemaha county, Nebraska, in 1868, 
settling on the eighty acres which his brother Frank had located two 
years before, and some time later he bought this land. He lived on 
this farrrt and prospered until the spring of 1900, when he sold it for 
fifty dollars an acre, and moved into his nice home in Auburn. He has 
also sold two other places in this county and a half section in Chase 
county. He owns two tenant houses in Auburn and some village lots. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 371 

July 3, i860, Mr. Morris was married in South Edwards, New 
York, to Miss Calista Sheldon, who was born in Otsego, Micliigan, 
March 19, 1841, a daughter of Henry and Betsey (Bottsford) Sheldon, 
the former born in St. Lawrence county, New York, in 1814, and tlie 
latter in 1817, and they were married in 1838. Mrs. Morris's mother 
died in the prime of life, leaving three children : Charles, in Ventura, 
California, has two sons and two daughters ; Mrs. Morris ; and George 
B., who died in Pennsylvania at the age of forty-four, having been born 
in 1846, and leaving three children. Mr. Sheldon was afterward mar- 
ried to Martha Aldoes, by whom he had five children: Julia is the wife 
of Judge Neary, in Gouverneur ; Theodore is a superannuated express 
agent in the hospital at Toledo, Ohio, the ward of the United States 
Express Company, and he has a wife; Arthur is a widower with one 
son, in Carthage, New York ; Emma is a professional nurse in New 
York city; and James is cashier of a bank in Gouverneur, and has a 
wife and one child living. Mr. Sheldon died in Gouverneur at the age 
of fifty-five years. 

Nine children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Morris. Dora Ada- 
line, born in Gouverneur in 1861, died there at the age of seven; 
Walter L. is in the state of Washington, and has a wife and three 
children, one of the sons, aged sixteen, being here with his grandfather; 
William F. died when thirteen months old, in New York ; Merrit Duane 
is single and in California ; Ida is the wife of George B. Skeen, of 
Medford, Oklahoma, and has three daughters and one son ; Fred Henry 
lives in Nebraska City, and has a wife and three children; Franke is 
the wife of William Coons, at Custer City, Oklahoma, and has one 
daughter; Katie is the wife of William Hacker, a farmer in Nemaha 
precinct, and has two daughters; the ninth child, a daughter, died in 
infancy in Nebraska. Mr. Morris is a Republican in politics, and has 



372 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

served as a school director. He has ahvays been a good horseman, 
both in riding and driving, and knows and loves a fine steed, taking 
keen delight in this mode of recreation. 



WILLIAM \\\ JONES. 

William W . Jones, near Rulo, Richardson county, is a pioneer of 
the pioneers, and he and his wife are the most distinguished old couple 
in this part of Nebraska. It is remarkable that their lives have run 
side by side for seventy-three years, under the lowering skies as well 
as the sunshine of life, from that memorable day when they set forth on 
life's journey together until for a number of years they have been 
descending the afterslope and are nearing the end of the world's Course. 
It is the hope of all their many friends that they may be living two years 
hence to celebrate that most uncommon of festivals, the Diamond wed- 
ding, which would be a most happy culmination to a career of usefulness 
and happy and true love. In such lives as those of "Uncle Billy Jones" 
and his wife is found a reminder of the real youth of American institu- 
tions and history. When they came into the world the republic had 
hardly been firmly established, and there were heartl the mutterings of 
the second cunflict with Great Britain, by which independence was 
finally asserted and proved. They hatl ])assed the third of a century 
mark when the Mexican war came on, and had reached the full mean 
of life when the Ci\il war marked the last great conflict on American 
soil. .Vnd after viewing the varied events of the wonderful nineteenth 
century in almost their entirety, they are ushered into the still more 
glorious twentieth, which is as far removed in material development 
and means of civilization from the earlier decades of their existence as 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 373 

liglit from darkness. It is furtlier wortliy of comment that the last 
years of their lives are being spent in a country that, when they were 
children, had never been seen by any white men except the very fore- 
most pathfinders, hunters and explorers. There is no better known char- 
acter in Richardson county than "Uncle Billy Jones," who is himself 
a typical frontiersman, and for many years kept well on the outer 
edge of the advancing wave of civilization, until it reached the beautiful 
countr}- (jf southeastern Nebraska, where he has been content to remain 
until the final summons to join the "Choir Invisible." 

William W. Jones was born in Tazewell count}', Virginia, Septem- 
ber 6, 1S12, and his wife, Rebecca Morris, was born in Pennsylvania, 
January 28, 18 10. H-e was taken to Jackson county, Ohio, at the age 
of three years, and they were married on August 18, 1831, after which 
they began farming in Jackson county, and continued there until he was 
twenty-two years old. He then came west to Fulton county, Illinois, 
being one of the pioneers of that place. He took a claim of one hundred 
and sixty acres, and after improving and cultivating it for six years 
moved still further west to Johnson county, Iowa. He and some twenty 
other settlers made large claims where Iowa City is now located, but 
were unable to hold all their land. Mr. Jones impro\-ed a good farm 
of one hundred and sixty acres and lived there until 1854, when he took 
up his abode in Cass county, Iowa. On March 10, 1855, he arrived in 
Dakota county, Nebraska, from Council Bluffs; two years later he 
spent a summer in Leavenworth county, Kansas; during the following 
winter was at Dallas, Texas; returned to and lived in Leavenworth 
county for two years, and in the spring of 1861 came to Falls City, 
Nebraska, where he rented a farm of Bob Whitecloud, two miles west 
of town. He bought a half section near here, paying at the rate of 
two dollars and a half an acre and making the payments in horses. On 



374 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

May lo, 1863, he and his family, together with five other prairie 
schooners, started across the plains for Portland, Oregon. On arriving 
in that now populous city there were fifty-five wagons and many settlers 
located. In October, 1865, he and his wife and three little sons started 
back to Nebraska, with ten horses, and were one hundred and twelve 
davs en route to Omaha, where they spent the winter, and then returned 
to the half section. Here they continued their toils during the reiuainder 
of their active careers, and they still live in a cottage on one hundred 
and sixtv acres of the land which they settled nearly forty-five years 
ago. The farm is owned by their son, whose residence is close to 
theirs. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jones had nine children, as follows: Phebe Ellen 
Swartz, who died in Atchison, Kansas, and left three children; Charles 
A., who died on the home place, March 6, 1892. leaving one son and 
two daughters: William H. Harrison, who when last heard of was in 
Texas, and unmarried; Cass: Lydia Margaret ^McCartney, who died in 
Oklahoma, leaving three children ; Rachael Gardner, who died in Leav- 
enworth, leaving one child ; Louisa Renneck, who died in Leavenworth, 
leaving one child ; Lewis, who owns the home farm as mentioned above 
and has three children; and Stephen B., who is a farmer in Oklahoma 
and has two sons and three daughters. 

Mr. Jones is a stanch Republican, but his voting years extend back 
a number of campaigns before the formation of the RepiTblican party. 
He has held no office except in connection with school affairs. He 
belongs to no society or creed, and is a free man in every sense of the 
word. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 375 

APPOLLAS H. MILLAR. 

The industrial interests of tlie prospen.ius town of Auburn, Ne- 
braska, have a strong- factor in the subject of this sketch, Appollas H. 
Millar, a caqienter, contractor and builder. Mr. ^lillar has done a 
large amount of Ixiilding here and elsewhere and during the busy season 
employs a dozen or more men. The Tom Bath mansion, one of the 
recently constructed houses in Auburn, shows something of the char- 
acter of his work. 

Mr. Millar was born at Ray Center, near Detroit, Michigan, Octo- 
ber 15, 1866, and may be said to belong to a family of contractors and 
builders, two. of his brothers and his father, Lesley L. Millar, having 
followed this occupation. Lesley L. Millar was born in Ohio, in 1832, 
and in boyhood went to Michigan, where he \\as reared and where he 
has spent the greater part of his life. He is now living retired at 
Washington, Michigan. During the Civil war he was a band 
master in the Fourth Michigan Cavalry. He enlisted in 1861 and 
served all through the war, as a musician, it Iseing his band that played 
the music when Jefferson Da\is was captured. Lesley L. ■Millar has 
been twice married. His first w^ife, whose maiden name was Adalaine 
Hazelton, died in the prime of life, leaving three sons, namely : Theron 
W. Millar, who is now married and a resident of Detroit, where he is 
engaged in contracting and building; Allison R. Millar, also a con- 
tractor and builder, is married, has one son and three daughters, and 
lives in Bay City, Michigan ; and Ralph C. Millar, who died at the 
age of thirty years, leaving a widow. For his second wife the father 
married Vandalie Risk, who bore him four sons and two daughters, 
as follows : Appollas, whose name graces this sketch ; Elizabeth A., wdio 
died at the age of twenty-one years ; Lewis L., who died at the age of 
twenty-five years; Minnie M., a resident of Detroit, ^Michigan : Arthur, 



376 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

in tlie employ of tlie Grand Union Tea Company, in Detroit ; and Thomas 
C, also of Detroit, is an employe of the Grand Union Tea Company. 

In the spring of the year following his twelfth birthday, Appollas 
H. Millar began work at the carpenter's trade, nnder his father's instruc- 
tions, and worked for him until he was nineteen. Then he went to 
Bay City and entered the employ of his brothers, with whom he remained 
five years. Mr. Millar went to Chicago in 1890 and followed his trade 
there until 1898. In 1900 he located in Auburn, Nebraska, where he 
bought a place and has since remained. 

Mr. Millar was married, in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1900, to Mrs. 
Fannie Cook, widow of Henry Cook, deceased, and daughter of David 
and Rhoda (Wood) Hamlin, natives of Oswego county. New York. 

Mr. Millar is identified with the IModern Woodmen and, politically, 
is a "Bryanite." Mrs. Millar is a member of the Presbyterian church. 



ELISHA HUFFMAN. 

Elisha Huffman is the oldest citizen of Rulo, Richardson county, 
and, indeed, of southeastern Nebraska. His age is more easily compre- 
hended when it is stated that he was born before the outbreak of the 
second war with Great Britain, and that he has been able to vote at all 
presidential elections from John O. Adams down to the present; that 
he was a grown man and enlisted for the Black Hawk war, that he was 
a man past the prime of life when the Civil war opened: and that 
he began life about the time of the first steamboat, was a boy when 
railroads were first successfully operated, had lived a third of a century 
when the telegraph was invented, and has really been an old man 
in point of years throughout the wonderful electrical age of the present. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. m 

Such a life, especially when filled from earliest years to the present with 
useful and busy activity, is \-enerable and worthy of the highest honor, 
and in such estimation is Mr. Huffman held by all the citizens of Rulo. 
He was born twenty-fi\e miles west of Pittsburg. Pennsylvania, 
on January 7, 181 1, being the first of nine children. His first years 
were begun in humble circumstances, and at the age of six, before he 
had acquired any school training, he was bound out to a widow, with 
whom he remained seven years, until she broke up housekeeping. At 
a place four miles south of Pittsburg he learned the wagon-maker'.s 
trade, and when he had leisure hours his chum taught him the rudiments 
of reading and writing. About 1832 he volunteered to fight Black 
Hawk, but his services were not needed. He went to Ohio, where he 
was married in 1835, a"d in 1845 '^^ left Knox county of that state 
and settled at Savannah, Andrew county, [Missouri. In 1856 he went 
to Brown county, Kansas, where he had a claim, wdiich he later sold. 
In 1863 he came to Rulo, Nebraska, and made his home on the same 
plot of ground wdiere he still lives. He had spent the winter of 1855- 
. 56 in Salem, Nebraska. He ow-ns five acres at his present home, and 
has a comfortable though not pretentious place in which to pass his 
remaining years. He has never sought riches, but has done his duty 
and fulfilled all his obligations to his fellow men, so that the end of his 
life is peace and contentment. He owns five lots in town. He grows 
grapes on a hundred vines, has a nice orchard which had been set out 
before he settled on the place, and his little home is surrounded with 
fruit trees. In his palmy days he used to make high wages, but he did 
not care to lay his money by, and has always been liberal and generous 
in all his relations. He has in his possession a bureau that he made in 
1838, o\-er sixty-five years old. He has been a champion shot with a 
gun, and has bested many an opponent. He is a devout member of the 



378 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Holiness cluuxli, which seems to him to open the true patli to Hea\-en, 
and he lias abided by its doctrines and been zealous in its good work 
for many years of his life. 

Mr. Huffman was a Whig during the first years of his political 
activity, and since the organization of the party has been a stanch 
Republican. For twenty-seven years he was a constable in Ohio and 
Kansas, and for twelve years was constable and marshall in Rulo. ' 

He was married in Ohio, April 20, 1835, to Miss Rebecca Hender- 
son, who died in 1849, at the age of thirty-six years. There were seven 
children of this marriage: Jacob, who died in infancy; Samuel was in 
the Civil war; a daughter that died in infancy; Anna, who died in 
infancy; Louisa, who died in Kansas leaving three children; Mary, 
wife of Langdon Jackson, at her father's home in Rulo, has three child- 
ren, by her first marriage, Sherman Alexander and Hattie, the mother 
of three children by her deceased husband Cyrus Wetzel, and by her 
second marriage, Florence Jackson; Hepsibeth Huffman, the seventh 
child, died at the age of five years. 



JOHN HOSSACK. 

John Hossack, now serving in his third term as sheriff of Richard- 
son county, has held this county his home and center of activity for 
forty-five years, since he was a boy of seven years. He knew this 
section of the state in the pioneer days, and he and the country grew 
up and developed together. He has followed farming most of his life, 
and during his incumbency in his present office he has given unusual 
satisfaction to the citizens, as is evidenced by his two re-elections. He 
is a popular and genial man, and is well worthy of the esteem and honor 
accorded him bv his friends and constituents. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 379 

Mr. Hossack was born in ^^'illiams county, Ohio, November 3, 
1852, and several moves took place before he finally arrived in this 
state. At the age of three he was taken to Illinois, and in 1857 'o 
Black Hawk county, Iowa, and on June 3, 185Q, arrived with the 
rest of the family on the "half-breed" tract in Richardson county. His 
grandfather was a Scotch farmer, and lived and died in his native land, 
and Ytry little is known of the family history. Mr. Hossack's father 
was Alexander Hossack, who was born near Inverness. Scotland, in 
1804, and died in JefYerson precinct, Richardson county, October 3, 
1S64. He was married in Scotland to Miss Janette McNeechen, who 
was born about 181 5, and died in 1855. Thej' had seven children, and 
reared but four of them.. One of the deceased children was Elizabeth, 
wife of L. F. Hitchcock, of Richardson county, and she left two chil- 
dren. The living children are Margery, the widow Grant, of Preston, 
Nebraska, and has a family of nine children ; Anna, the wife of John 
Freel, of Jackson county, Kansas, and his six children ; and John. The 
parents came from Scotland shortly after their marriage, being six 
weeks on the sailing vessel, and they began life without money and 
gained their livelihood by their industry and persevering toil. 

Sheriff Hossack passed his youth in pioneer communities, so that 
his education was meager and acquired in the primitive old schoolhouse 
and methods. He has in his possession a card written by his teacher 
and given him as a reward of merit when he was eleven years old. He 
still cherishes highly both the memento and the memory of the giver. 
The card is inscribed as follows: "Aug. 21, i86j. From Mrs. E. C. 
Mosse, presented to John Hossack for good attention to his books in 
school. You must be a good boy and learn your books. Forget me 
not." As his father died when he was twelve years old he soon began 
doing for himself, and has made his own way in the world ever since. 



38o SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

His first work was driving five yoke of oxen to a breaking plow, at the 
wage of four dollars a month. He also worked at home. His father had 
bought, a tract of eighty acres, but the family was compelled to pay a 
second price for it owing to a defective title. He continued farming 
until 1898, and in that year went to Alaska in search of gold. He 
was taken sick after arriving in the gold fields, was in a canvas tent 
surrounded by the snow for two weeks, and was then put on a hand- 
sled and hauled to a vessel, on which he was shipped to Seattle, Wash- 
ington, finally reaching home without a cent. In the following year 
he was elected to the office of sheriff of Richardson county, and is now 
in his third term and fifth year of a most successful official service. 

Mr. Hossack was married December 28, 1874, to Miss Mary Sin- 
clair, who was born in Connecticut in 1853, August 10, a daughter of 
James and Jane (Ladd) Sinclair, of Scotch lineage. Her parents 
moved to Illinois at an early day, and in 1868 came to Richardson 
county where her father pursued his blacksmith's trade, which he had 
learned in Scotland. JNIrs. Hossack is one of eight children, five sons 
and three daughters, all of whom are married and most of whom have 
children. Mr. and Mrs. Hossack have had nine children : William, 
born on the farm in 1876, is a bridge-building boss in Iowa, and un- 
married; James, born in 1878, works with a liridge gang in Kansas; 
Janette, who died at the age of twenty-one, was a graduate of the 
Verdon high school, had been a most successful teacher for two years, 
and her death was all the sadder because of the fact that she was to have 
been wedded within a few days; Elizabeth is a bright young school 
teacher in this county; Isabelle, a graduate of the Verdon schools, is 
a compositor on the Falls City Tribune; Pearl May is the wife of Wil- 
liam Sloan, of Verdon, and has one baby boy; Ouinby John is a young 
man of eighteen, and graduates from the Falls City high school in 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 381 

1904; and George P. and Xellie, tlie two youngest, are both in scliool. 
Mr. Hossack is a member of the Ancient Order of United ^^'■orkmen. 
and in politics is a stanch RepubHcan. 



JAMES N. PORTERFIELD. 

James N. Porterfield, deceased, was one of the respected citizens 
of Liberty township, Gage county, Nebraska, where he died March 26. 
1895, at the age of sixty-four years. 

]\'Ir. Porterfield was born in Belmont county, Ohio, son of James 
and Mary (Cavender) Porterfield, and one of a family of sixteen 
children, of whom twelve reached adult age — eight sons and four 
daughters. The eight sons all volunteered for service in the army 
during the Civil war, made good records in the Union cause, and all 
returned home. On one occasion the youngest son narrowly escaped 
death, a bullet passing through his mouth, taking out his front teeth, 
and afterward being removed from his neck. The father of this large 
family died in Ohio, in 1855, at the age of seventy-two years. The 
mother sur\-ived him some four years and her death occurred in Penn- 
sylvania. 

James N. Porterfield was reared in Ohio and in early life learned 
the trade of blacksmith. In September, 1853, at the age of twenty-one 
years, he was married in Belmont county, Ohio, to Miss Catharine A. 
Tracey, and the following year they moved west to Richland, Keokuk 
county, L:)wa, where he was employed as blacksmith in a carriage 
factory. When the Indian reserve was opaied up for settlement, 
about 1885, he came to the place where his widow now resides and 
located on eighty acres of land, which cost him seven dollars per acre. 



382 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Here he developed a farm, passed tlie rest of his life and died, his 
death occurring in 1895, ^s stated at the beginning of this sketch. 

"Mrs. Catliarine A. (Tracey) Porteriield was born December 23, 
1833, and is a native of Ohio. Levi Tracey, her father, was born in 
Maryland. He was a shoemaker by trade, was employed in Baltimore 
for some years, and was regarded as a fine workman. In early life 
he went to Ohio and there met and married Maria Holt, daughter of 
one of the wealthy pioneers of that state, who had large land holdings. 
To each of his children Mr. Holt gave a farm and what was termed in 
those days a "fitting out." He may be said to have been generous to a 
fault, for while he was at one time a very wealthy man. he gave away 
and lost much of his "property and at the time of his death he was in 
only moderate circumstances. Levi and Maria Tracey became the 
parents of fifteen children, of whom seven sons and three daughters 
grew to maturity and are still living, namely : Jacob, David, John, Levi, 
Isaac, Everett and Ayers, and Nancy, widow of Samuel Mosler, Mrs. 
Porterfield, and Sarah, wife of Hiram Gentell. 

Sons and daughters to the number of eleven were given to Mr. 
and Mrs. Porterfield. Four died in infancy, and Isaac died at the age 
of twenty years. Alice is the wife of Martin Heffelinger of Brighton, 
Iowa; Laura died at the age of fourteen years; Hattie died at the age 
of thirteen; Nettie is the wife of Edward Burgett, and the youngest 
daughter is Sadie Doyle. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 3S3 

HON. JOSEPH. M. CRAVENS. 

Hon. Joseph M. Cravens, of Armour, Nebraska, member of the 
state legislature and otherwise prominent in business and public rela- 
tions, was born in Highland county, Ohio, March 19, 1855, and is the 
son of Isaac and Mary J. (Stcickwell) Cravens, the former a native of 
Pennsylvania and a farmer and local preacher in the Methodist church, 
and the latter a native of Virginia. Mr. Cravens has three brothers 
living. David B., who lives in Scotland county, Missouri, was a private 
in Company I, Twenty-first [Missouri X'uluntecr Infantry, enlisting June 
18, 1861, at Memphis, Missouri, and mustered out December 5, 1864, 
at Nashville, Tennessee; he participated in the battles at Shiloh, Corinth, 
luka, Pleasant Hill, Nashville, Fort Blakely, and many others. William 
T. is of 'KInox county, Illinois, and Wesley F. is also of Kno.x county. 

In the fall of the year in which Mr. Cravens was born his parents 
moved to Scotland county, Missouri, where they remained till 1861, 
and then removed to Henry county, Illinois, and from there to Kno.x 
county, in the same state, in 1864. Joseph lived at home and attended 
the common schools until 1872. In December of that year his mothef 
died, and the home was broken up. He, being the youngest child and 
the only one at home, went to work for a neighbor during the summer. 
and during the following three winters did chores for his board and 
went to schcx)l. In August, 1875, in company with a neighbor boy, he 
bought a small grocery in Gilson, Knox county, Illinois, and under the 
firm name of Lawrence and Cravens conducted it for three years. In 
1878 he sold out and, with Henry Linn, bought a drug stock, which they 
conducted under the name of Cravens and Linn until 1879, when Mr. 
Cravens sold to his partner. 

In 1882 Mr. Cravens, with his wife and baby, came by wagon 



384 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

to the west ; the first stop was near the state line south of Falls City, 
Nebraska, where he lived for two years, then moved to a new farm 
near Barnes, Washington county, Kansas, in the spring of 1885. Farm- 
ing was his occupation for the next five years, but from 1890 to 1893 
he clerked in a store in Barnes. In April. 1893, he took up his per- 
manent location in Armour. Nebraska, and started a general merchandise 
store. In 1895 he bought the farm on which the present town of Armour 
is located, and platted the townsite, so that he is in large measure 
founder and promoter of Armour's prosperity. In the spring of 1897 
he was appointed postmaster, which office he retained until he was 
elected to the state legislature in 1902, when he resigned. 

Mr. Cravens is a self-made man. When his home was broken up at 
the age of seventeen he was given a one-dollar bill as capital for his 
start in life, and by economy, industry and careful attention to business,- 
he has gained a comfortable place in life, with a good home and business, 
and with the respect and regard of associates and friends. 

Air. Cravens cast his first presidential ballot for Hayes in 1876, 
and has been a consistent Republican since that time. He held the office 
of town clerk in Haw Creek township, Knox county, in 1879, and tax 
collector in 1880. He has never sought ofiice, and has only done his 
duty as a private citizen and Republican partisan, his recent election to 
the legislative body coming more in recognition of his worth and sub- 
stantiality than as a political worker. 

October 26, 1891, he became a charter member of Guardian Camp, 
M. W. A., at Barnes, and served as banker until he removed to Nebraska 
in 1893. March 2, 1896, he joined the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men at Armour, and was financier six years. In March, 1875, he became 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, at Orange Chapel, Knox 
county, Illinois, and in the different parts of the country in which lie 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 385 

has made liis home has served the church as steward, trustee, recording 
steward, and for ten years as superintendent of the Sunday schooL 

Mr. Cravens was married near Gilson, Knox county, lUinois, 
December 5, 1878, to Miss Hattie L. Smith, who was born and reared 
in Knox county, Ilhnois, and spent one year in Abingdon College, that 
county. Her father, H. W. Smith, served in Company F, Fifty-seventh 
Illinois Infantry, Fourth Division, Fifteenth Corps, under Logan. The 
children born of this marriage were as follows : Raymond R., born in 
Gilson, Illinois, August 13, 1880, and is still at home with his parents, 
being postmaster of Armour ; Ora Edith, born in Richardson county, 
Nebraska, September 7, 1884, died of membraneous croup in Wasliing- 
ton county, Kansas, December 15, 1887; Edna Pearl, born August 15, 
1887, in Washington county, Kansas, is still at home. 



JACOB W. MOORE. 

Jacob W. Moore, one of the prominent and successful early settlers 
of Pawnee county and pioneers of Clay township, an ex-soldier of the 
Civil war, came to Nebraska in 1865. He was born in Summit town- 
ship, Erie county, Pennsylvania, November 9, 1839, of ancestry noted 
for integrity and industry. His father was John Moore, a soldier of 
the war of 1812, was also born in Erie comity, and was a son of John 
Moore, who was born in Argyleshire, Scotland. The mother of our 
subject was Catherine Steinbrook, who was born in Berlin, Germany, 
and was a daughter of Dr. Jacob Steinbrook, who came to Pennsylvania 
when she was a child. A family of seventeen children were born to 
John and Catherine Moore, namely: Isaac, Adam, Andrew, Mary Ann, 



386 SCJJTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Augustus, Sarah J., Samuel, Jacob \V., David C, James K., John W., 
Elizabeth, and the otliers died in childhood. 

Of the above family, Samuel resides in this county and was a mem- 
ber of the Sixteenth Pennsyh-ania Cavalry during tlie Civil war ; James 
Iv. is now deceased, and he was a member of the Second Ohio; and 
John W., who lives at Waterloo, Nebraska, was a member of the Eighty- 
third Pennsylvania Regiment. The father died at the age of fifty-four 
years, but the mother lived to be sixty-five. Both were consistent mem- 
bers of the Methodist church. 

Jacob W. Moore was educated in the common schools and then 
went to work in the pineries of Wisconsin. He voted for President 
Lincoln, in i860. The outbreak of the war found him ready to enlist 
for service in defense of his country, and on August 2, 1861, he became 
a member of Company C, Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteen Infantry, 
and served for three years and three months, in this time participating 
in thirty battles. He was v.-ith Colonel J. \\'. McClaine in the Peninsular 
campaign, with Fitz John Porter at the battles of Gainesville and Har- 
rison Landing, with the Army of the Potomac at Fredericksburg and 
Gettysburg and was stationed at Little Round Top on guard duty. He 
also took part in the battles of the Wilderness under General Grant and 
was also under General Meade at Petersburg. On August 29, 1862, 
at the second battle of Bull Run, he was struck by a piece of shell which 
cut his haversack and caused a flesh wound in the leg. He returned home 
safely, however, after an honorable and faithful service. 

Li 1864 he was married in Erie county to Emma J. Walbridge, 
who was born in Springfield township. Erie county, Pennsylvania, 
being a daughter of John and Jane (Malory) Walbridge, the former of 
whom served in the war of 1S12. Her father died at the age of forty- 
five years and her mother at the age of fifty-four. They had these 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 387 

children : Mrs. Moore : Charles P.^ a soldier in the One Hundred and 
Forty-fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, of Marshall county, 
Kansas; Florence H., of Pawnee county; Henry Carl, also a soldier of 
the above regiment, who lost a leg at Chickahominy ; Andrew, of Erie 
county; Delos, of Pennsylvania; Mrs. Ida Church; and Mrs. Eliza Mor- 
gan, who died in Kansas. 

After coming to Nebraska, Mr. Jacob Moore became first a foreman 
on a stock ranch. Seven months later he went to St. Joseph, Missouri, 
to meet his wife, a distance of eighty miles, with a team and wagon. 
With her assistance Mr. Moore soon began to prosper, and now has a 
fine farm of one hundred and forty-six acres, including meadows, 
orchards, and pastures. His home is comfortable and his large barns 
give shelter to stock and abundant harvests. A family of six children 
has been born, namely: Mrs. Clara Scott, of Nemaha county, Kansas; 
Mrs. Vinnie Judkins, of Broken Bow, Nebraska; Mrs. Angle Tracy, 
of this county; Kate, a successful and popular teacher at Table Rock, 
Nebraska; Mrs. Lucia Hildebrand, of Dubois, Nebraska; ]\Iary A., at 
home. Three sons and one daughter died in infancy. 

Mr. Moore has taken a prominent part in public affairs in his locality, 
was deputy-sheriff for a time, and for two years was tax collector. He 
belongs to the Masonic order, blue lodge, No. 23, of Pawnee, Nebraska. 
The family is one of the intelligent, hospitable households of this locality, 
and its members enjov the esteem of the conununitv. 



388 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

JEFFERSON D. BROWN. 

Jefferson D. Brown, a retired merchant and now stockman of Burch- 
ard, Nebraska, was born in Miami county, Indiana, May 13, 1842. He 
is a son of Samuel L. and Harriet (Idson) Brown, the former of whom 
was born in Virginia and became a successful farmer in Ohio, to which 
state he emigrated at the age of twenty years. Later he went to Indiana 
and still later located at Centerville, Iowa, where he died aged sixty-four 
years. The paternal grandfather of our subject was Samuel Brown, 
a native of Graceland county, Virginia. The mother of Mr. Brown was 
born in Ohio and died in Miami county, Indiana, when Mr. Brown was 
but three vears of age. She was the mother of six children, but our 
subject is the only survivor. 

Jefferson D. Brown was reared and educated in Indiana and Iowa. 
At the first call for men when the rebellion broke out, he enlisted, on 
July 15. 1861, in Company B, Forty-seventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry 
under Colonel Daniel Miles and Captain Joe Miles. The regiment was 
ordered to the front at once, and at the battle of Corinth in October, 

1862, he was wounded and taken to the hospital at St. Louis. In May, 

1863, he was honorably discharged and returned home. On July 25th 
of the same year he re-enlisted in the Eighth Iowa Cavalry under Captain 
M. M. Waldon, and served until the close of the war. In July, 1864, 
he was wounded and captured with his regiment and taken to Anderson- 
ville, where he was kept a prisoner for nine months, when he succeeded 
in making his escape. He enlisted as a private and when he was mustered 
out he was a commissioned first lieutenant. After his second discharge 
he returned to his father's farm and soon after opened a livery estab- 
lishment in Centerville, Iowa. 

November 20, 1865, he married Salina F. Dye, who was born in 
Monroe county, Ohio. She bore him five children, as follows : Frank 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 389 

E., a merchant of Lewistoii, Nebraska, is married and has two cliildren ; 
Salina M. married George H. Sheik, a merchant of Lewiston, Nebraska, 
Annetta B. married J. F. Halderman, cashier of the bank of Burchard ; 
Joseph J., a stockman at \^irg-inia, Nebraska ; Charles E., a mercliant 
of Tate, Nebraska. 

After his marriage, Mr. Brown continued in the Hvery business a 
few months and then sold out and retired to a farm near Manhattan, 
Kansas. In 1873 he was elected sheriff of the county and moved to 
Manhattan, the county seat, was re-elected in 1875, and for four years 
he efficiently filled that responsible office. He sold his Kansas property 
in 1880 and moved to Tecumseh, Nebraska, and opened a hardware 
store, which he continued until 1884, and then disposed of it, and in 
May that same year went to Blaine county, Nebraska, where he helped 
to locate the county seat at Brewster. While there he operated a general 
store and stock ranch, but after nine years sold his interests and located 
at Burchard, Nebraska, where he opened the largest general store. This 
he conducted until August, 1903, when he sold out. He also deals 
largely in stock. He cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln in i860, 
and has supported the Republican party since that date. Like the major- 
ity of the old soldiers he is a member of the G. A. R. post and is con- 
nected with W. A. Butler Post No. 172 of Burchard. He has been a 
member of the Masonic order for thirty-seven years, being the oldest 
Mason in the vicinity, and he is also a member of the Independent Order 
ot Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias orders.. Both he and his 
wife are members of the Methodist church, where he is as active as in 
politics and business afifairs. Upright and honorable in all his dealings 
he is one of the most highly respected citizens of Burchard. 



390 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

GEORGE H. FALLSTEAD. 

George H\ Fallstead, until recently of the firm of Powell and Fall- 
stead, leading real estate men of Falls City, is a native son of Richard- 
son county and has passed all his life within its boundaries, making his 
best successes within call of the place of his nativity. Farming and 
business transactions have occupied his attention since he left school, 
and his career has been one of steadily increasing success and pros- 
perity from the first. 

Mr. Fallstead was born on a farm not far from Falls City, Decem- 
ber 12, 1867. His paternal ancestry is altogether German. His grand- 
father, John Fallstead, was a German farmer and freeholder, born about 
1766, and died in his fatherland when about eighty- four years old. 
He reared three sons and three daughters. The son John is the father 
of Mr. G. H. Fallstead, and was born in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 
August 28, 1827. He was reared in his native land and well educated 
in the German schools. He entered the German army and took part in 
several battles, and after coming to this country also had some military 
experience in fighting with the Indians. He left Bremen in 1853. and 
after fifty-two days of sailing arrived in New York, having spent forty 
dollars for his passage, and being worth only twelve dollars in money 
as he stood on the streets of the foreign and unfamiliar city and country 
where he was to carve out his destiny and fortune. He first went to 
Monroe, Michigan, and thence to Toledo, Ohio, where he worked in a 
brick yard, and later came to near Fort Wayne, Indiana, where he 
worked as a farm hand and also in a mill. He came to Nebraska in 
the pioneer times of the sixties, bringing about five hundred dollars 
which he had managed by his industry to accumulate, and soon pur- 
chased the eighty acres which forms part of his present farmstead. 
He was married in February, 1867, to Miss Elizabeth Pollard, who was 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 391 

born in Tennessee in 1847, "^ daughter of George W. Pollard, a Ten- 
nessee farmer. She lost her mother in infancy and was reared by 
strangers. 

Mr. and Mrs. John Fallstead began their domestic life in a most 
primitive fashion in Nebraska. He had built on his eighty acres a 
frame house sixteen by eighteen feet, and this was the home until fortune 
smiled more genially on his diligent efforts. He improved his land 
and added forty acres thereto and there reared his family and has since 
made a good property, having been able to equip well all his children 
for fife's duties and still retain a comfortable home for his and his 
good wife's age. Their three children are: George H.; John W., who 
lives on the home farm and has one daughter; and Mabel, who is also 
on the home place. 

Mr. George H. Fallstead was reared to farm life, and engaged in 
that pursuit until about nine years ago, when he moved to Falls City, 
where he owns a nice home in Chase street. He was in the real 
estate business for about three years, and he and his partner made a 
reputation as hustling business men, carrying on a very large business 
in city and farm property. He sold his real estate interest to his partner 
in June, 1904, and is now engaged in fire and life insurance exclusively. 

Mr. Fallstead lived at home until his marriage, on Christmas day, 
1889. His wife's maiden name is Annie M. Birdsley. She was born 
in Iowa, and was two weeks old when brought across the Missouri into 
Nebraska, in April, 1870. Her parents are Simon Quincy and Ellen 
(Teeter) Birdsley, who were married in Illinois about 1862, and the 
former of whom is now about seventy-five years old and the latter some 
eighteen years younger. Mr. and Mrs. Birdsley lost two children, 
and the following are living: Charles D., in Falls City, has three chil- 
dren; Hiram, in Washington county, Kansas, has two sons and three 



392 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

daughters; Viola Chapman Hves in Falls City; Fanny, the wife of W. 
N. Corder, in Kansas, has two children: ^frs. Fallstead is next of the 
lamily ; Lucy Billips, at A^erdon, Nebraska, has one son ; Jacob Birds- 
ley is a farmer of this county. These seven living children are all 
worthy men and women. The two deceased are John, who died at the 
age of twenty-two. and Asa, who died at the age of sixteen. ' 

Mr. and Airs. Fallstead have had five children ; Naomi, a bright 
girl of thirteen, in the seventh grade and also taking piano instruction; 
a son that died in infancy; Coral Clyde, aged six, has entered school; 
Dale Deloss, aged three; and Floyd Francis. Mr. Fallstead is a Dem- 
ocrat ; but without political aspirations or longings. He is a prominent 
Knight of Pythias, and in his lodge is master of finance and keeper of 
records and seals. 



ROBERT McELHOSE. 

Robert McElhose, who has been one of the esteemed residents 
of Pawnee county since 1894, has a life record of unusual interest and 
activity. He has alwa^-s been noted for his substantial qualities of citi- 
zenship, and in more than one instance has been of service to his com- 
munity and during the great Civil war was a faithful and loyal follower 
of the flag of the Union in many marches and campaigns of the south. 
He is a distinctly self-made man, as the following details of his career 
will verify,' and by his honesty and integrity has won an en\iable posi- 
tion in every community where he has made his home. 

Mr. McElhose was born in county Antrim, Ireland, June i, 1844, 
the youngest of a family of twelve children born to William and Mar- 
garet (Smith) McElhose. When he was three years old the family, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 393 

witli the exception of one sister, emigrated to America and landed in 
Philadelphia, wliere they remained for one year, and where the sister 
rejoined them. They removed from Philadelphia to a farm in Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, and there four years later the father of the family 
died, at the ag'e of sixty years, having spent his life in farming. His 
wife survived him and died in Plainfield, Illinois, in 1865, at the age 
of seventy-five years. They were members of the Presbyterian church. 
Their children were named as follows: Hannah, who became the wife 
of James Scott; Robert; Benjamin; Margaret, who became the wife 
of Matthew Smith; Matilda; Sarah, who was the wife of John Gilles- 
pie; Eliza, who married John McCann; William, \vho was a scildier in 
the Civil war; Hugh; Richard; James; and Robert. 

Robert McElhose was fifteen years old when he removed with 
his mother from Pennsylvania to Plainfield, Illinois, having spait the 
preceding years in work on the farm and in attendance at the common 
schools. He was then apprenticed to the blacksmith trade, but before 
he had served his time the war broke out. At the age of seventeen he 
enlisted in Company D, One Hundredth Illinois Volunteers, and served 
for three years, receiving his honorable discharge at Albany, New York, 
in July. 1865. He participated in some of the campaigns of the west- 
ern armies, his most important battles being those of Perryville, Stone 
River, and Lavergne, besides numerous skirmishes. Sickness kept him 
from active duty for some time, but he was always ready and willing 
to serve in any capacity for which he had the strength. For eleven 
months he was never off duty for a single day. He was advanced 
from a private to corporal and then to sergeant, which latter grade he 
reached before he was nineteen years old. 

When the war was over he went home and completed his period 
of apprenticeship of three years. He worked as a journeyman for two 



394 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

years, and then moved to Kane county, Illinois, where he opened a shop 
of his own, having a good patronage for about five years. He then 
went to Cambridge, Illinois, and went into the carriage business with 
Sylvester Rockwell, under the firm name of McElhose and Rockwell. 
Two years later this partnership was dissolved, and Mr. McElhose 
moved to Rock Island county, Illinois, and thence in the spring of 1877 
came to Page county, Iowa, where he made his home until his removal 
to Pawnee county, Nebraska, in 1894. He had a farm of one hundred 
and twenty acres in Page .county, five acres of which was a magnifi- 
cent orchard, and he was a very successful farmer and fruit grower. 
Since coming to Nebraska he has continued the prosperity of former 
years, and is held in high esteem in business and agricultural circles. 

Mr. McElhose has been a stanch adherent of the Republican party 
since he cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln, being at that time 
under age and a soldier in the ranks of his country. He is popular 
Grand Army man and affiliates with the post at Pawnee. November i, 
1867, Mr. McElhose was married to Miss Lottie Wicks, who was born 
in Michigan in 1847, '^ daughter of Ira and Mary (Hand) Wicks, 
natives of Massachusetts. She died in 1870, leaving two childrei., 
Ira, who lives in Los Angeles, California, and Roy, deceased. Septem- 
ber 7, 1876, Mr. McElhose married Miss Alice Monfort, who was born 
in Galesburg, Illinois, August 3, 1851, and was one of three children. 
Her father died when she was a baby, and her mother in 1885. Mr. 
and Mrs. McElhose have three children. Bertha M., Maggie S. and Roy. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 395 

SAMUEL E. SLOCUM. 

Samuel E. Slociim is one of tlie earliest settlers of southeastern 
Nebraska, and has resided in Richardson county for nearly forty years. 
He is one of the patriarchs, but the vigor and vivacity of the past years 
have by no means deserted him, and he may well be said to be eighty- 
nine years young. He has a good account to give of every year of his 
long career, and his age of usefulness is crowned in happy retirement, 
with serene contemplation of the years agone and with beatific visions 
of the l)ourne to which his spirit journeys. Despite his long and event- 
ful life, his memory travels with sure and active step along all the ways 
he has come, from the time of boyhood pleasures in the old Green Moun- 
tain state, through the restless activity of young manhood, and thence 
through the sober realities of the past fifty years. He truly deserves 
the honor and veneration which all who know freely accord him. 

Mr. Slocum was born in Addison county, Vermont, January i, 
18 1 5, or, as his father used to tell him, on the first day of the year, 
the first of the month, the first of the week, and at sunrise. His earliest 
ancestors were from England, whence three Slocum brothers came years 
ago and settled in Rhode Island. His grandfather, Samuel Slocum, 
was a farmer of Addison county, Vermont, where he died at the age 
of eighty years. He held a commission as lieutenant in the arm^j' of 
the Revolution, and his son Samuel fought in the war of 1812, and the 
latter's son. Samuel E., was a balje in the cradle when Jackson fought 
the battle of New Orleans. Samuel Slocum, the father of Samuel E. 
Slocum, was born near Providence, Rhode Island, and died in 1865. 
in Richardson county, Nebraska, when aged eighty-four years. He fol- 
lowed the sea from the age of thirteen to twenty-six, rising from cabin 
boy to the position of captain of a vessel. He married Mary Sherman, 
of Rhode Island, and they had the following children: Henry Sher- 



396 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

man died in Minnesota in middle life, leaving one son and two daugh- 
ters; Samuel E. is the next; Elizal.ieth died in jMeadville, Pennsyl- 
vania, in middle life, leaving a family; George, a resident of Chautau- 
qua county, New York, was the first justice of the peace of the county 
and held the office for twenty-eight years ; Fitzgerald, proprietor of a 
hotel at Lake City, Minnesota, has two sons and seven daughters ; Ruth, 
Mrs. \\"illiam Stringham, living at Lake City, Alinnesota; Amanda, of 
Lake City, has four sons and one daughter ; ]\Ianley, a carpenter and 
contractor of California, has two daughters and one son; Lucy is 
deceased. 

Mr. Samuel E. Slocum was reared on a Vermont farm, widi his 
educational equipment acquired in the district schools and his further 
training for life gained on his father's small farm. On May i of the 
year he was nineteen years old he went to Brighton, New York, and 
was employed on a farm there from May 9 till the following October. 
His father then came through, being on his way to a more western 
place of settlement, and he joined the rest of the family and located 
with them in Crawford county, Pennsylvania, where he helped clear a 
farm from the woods. Crawford county was his home for nineteen 
years, and in that time he grew to manhood and gained a foothold in 
the world of affairs. 

In 1S55 he sold his seventy acre farm in Pennsylvania and migrated 
west as far as Clayton county, Iowa, where he bought an improved 
half section on which he lived for eight years. He then sold and went 
up into Minnesota, where he bought a quarter section of wild land for 
a thousand dollars, and after three years of labor spent on it he sold 
the place for three thousand dollars. He had raised over thirteen hun- 
dred bushels of wheat, seven hundred of oats, besides large amounts of 
corn and potatoes. Li September, 1865, he arrived in Richardson 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 397 

county, Nebraska. On Saturday night he stopped at the home of liis 
daughter, ]\Irs. John P. Ring, and on the following Wednesday was 
making hay on his own land. He was a prosperous agriculturist for 
many years, but is now retired from acti^'C duties, making his home 
alternately with his sons James and George, lx)th in this county. 

Mr. Slocum has been married three times, and all the marriages 
took place while he was living in Pennsylvania. His first union, in 
iS37> was with Mary V. Line, a lady of most estimable virtues, who 
died sixteen years later, leaving two sons and three daughters, of 
whom Mrs. J. P. King is the eldest. His second marriage was to 
Martha M. Maxwell, who died at the birth of her first child. He was 
married in 1854 to Miss Elizabeth Smith, a daughter of John Smith, 
and they had a most happy and useful marital life of forty-six years. 
Mrs. Slocum died on the farm in Nebraska, May 2, 1900, when almost 
eighty years old. She and her husband were Methodists of manv years' 
standing, and she was a most pious and worthy Woman. Mr. Slocum 
was formerly a \Miig, but a Republican since the party was organized. 



W. W. WRIGHT. 

^V. W. Wright, county treasurer of Gage county, Nebraska, and a 
prominent resident of Beatrice, has been in this locality since 1880 and 
has held his present office since 1901. Mr. ^^'right was born near Mon- 
roeville, Huron county, Ohio, April 8, 1857, and is a son of James 
Wright, who was born in Lincolnshire, England, and came to the 
United States when a young man, settling in Ohio. The maiden name 
of his wife was Eliza Wakefield, born and reared in England, and 
married in this countr}'. They first resided in Huron count}', but later 



398 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

located in Wood county, Ohio, where the father was a prosperous farmer 
and stock-raiser. In politics he was a Republican, and his religious 
convictions made him an Episcopalian, while his wife was a Methodist. 
The following family were born to them : Charles H. ; William W. ; 
Mary, deceased; Emma; James; Lydia; Riley, deceased; Etta; 
Frank; Dudley; three died in infancy. 

Mr. W. W. Wright was reared in Ohio and then went to Nebraska. 
During his boyhood he was taught the principles of integrity and hon- 
esty. He developed his muscle on the farm and received his education 
in the public schools. After attaining his majority he was a successful 
teacher for some time in Nebraska, coming here in 1880 and locating 
at Blue Springs, Gage county. Later he moved to Wymore, where he 
invested largely in real estate, bought and sold land with marked suc- 
cess and followed that business until he was elected to his present office 
of county treasurer. 

In May, 1902, he married Tillie Kuhn, a native of Flat Rock. 
Ohio. She is a daughter of Alfred and Susanna Is^uhn, and the former 
is now deceased. Mr. Wright has always been an ardent Republican, 
active in the work of the party, and served in various ofifices of responsi- 
bility. He has also represented his party as a delegate to various con- 
ventions. Fraternally he is a Mason and is a member of the blue lodge 
and chapter. He served as high priest of the local lodge for fourteen 
years. He is now grand scribe of the Grand Chapter of Nebraska. He 
is a man of personal magnetism, jovial in manner and one who makes 
and retains many friends. He moved to Beatrice in 1901, where he still 
resides. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA . 



CAPTAIN ISAAC N. HICKMAN. 



399 



Captain Isaac N. Hickman, of Beatrice, Gage countv, Nebraska, 
is one of the honored veterans and members of the G. A. R. post of this 
city. His war record began in Augnst, 1862, when he enhsted at St. 
Lonis, Missouri, in Company A, Thirtieth Missouri Vohmteer Infantry 
although he liad been active as a recruiting officer prior to tliis and was 
therefore elected second lieutenant. The regiment was placed under the 
command of General Sherman, First Brigade, First Division, Fifteenth 
Army Corps, and he was promoted for gallant service to Captain of the 
Sixth United States heavy artillery under Colonel B. G. Farrar, and 
had charge at Natchez of the fortifications. At the close of the war, 
after an honorable record too lengthy to insert in full in this brief 
space. Captain Hickman remained at Natchez until 1866, and then 
removed to St. Lonis, where he served on the police force of that cit) 
for some time. 

Tlie birth of Captain Hickman took place in Jefferson county, Mis- 
souri, in 1 84 1, the same year that King Fdward was liorn. His ancestors 
were the Hickmans of Kentucky, early settlers of Kentucky, a number 
of whom participated in the war of 1812. He is a son of William 
Hickman, of Kentucky, and Mary Jane (Wilson) Hickman who was 
born in Jefferson county, Missouri, of an old southern family. Both 
are now deceased, the father dying on a farm at the age of fortv-two. 
In politics he was a Whig, and in religion a Baptist as was also his 
wife, who died at the age of seventy. 

Captain Hickman was reared in Jefferson county, and while se- 
curing what education he could he learned both the cooper and mason's 
trade and became very successful as a brickmason, following the latter 
trade for some years. His next business venture was the conducting 
of a store at Highridge, Jeft'erson county, Missouri, and he was engaged 



400 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

in that line wlien lie entered the war. As before stated, he served on 
the St. Louis police force, but in 1871 he removed to Nebraska, settling 
in October of that year at Beatrice, where he \\as married to Mrs. 
Phoebe (Roads) Nesley, Avidow of David Nesley, who had served in 
an Ohio regiment, but died in Illinois leaving a widow and two chil- 
dren, namely: Emma died at the age of twelve; Minnie died at the 
age of eight. Mrs. Hickman was born in Fairfield county, Ohio, and 
is a daughter of Ellas and Nancy Roads, who came to Nebraska and 
died in Beatrice. The following children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Hickman : Walter A., a business man of Beatrice ; Charles M. ; and Wil- 
liam who died at the age of fifteen months. 

Captain Hickman resides at 901 Market street. In politics he is a 
Republican and is a prominent member of Rawlins Post No. 35. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and has passed all the chairs. Both he and his wife have many friends 
in Beatrice. Since locating in Beatrice he has followed general con- 
tracting and building. 



HENRY C. LAPP. 

Henry C. Lapp, engineer of the water works and the electric light 
and power plant at Falls City, is an old resident of this city, having 
made it his home for twenty-eight years, since 1876. He saw a good 
deal of life and the world before he settled down to permanency in 
southeastern Nebraska, and his career throughout has been useful and 
varied enought to give it spice and interest. He is one of the fore- 
most citizens of Richardson county, with his place of esteem assured 
by years of diligent and honorable effort. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 401 

Mr. Lapp was born in Stephenson county, Illinois, September 11, 
1855. The family originated in Lapland, with its first authentic rec- 
ord extending back to 1665, and various migrations were made, from 
Norway to Sweden, thence to Germany, from there to Vir- 
ginia, to Canada, and to Illinois. Mr. Lapp's great-grandfather was 
a Virginia planter, who on account of religoius scruples freed his 
slaves. ]\Iartin Lapp, the grandfather, was born in Virginia, and was 
a member of the religious sect of Mennonites. He was an early settler 
of Illinois, and his son Martin, who was born in Canada, about seven 
miles from Niagara Falls, was also an Illinois settler, and became the 
father of Henry C. Lapp. Grandfather Martin Lapp married Katie Her- 
shey, who was born in Pemisylvania in February 1796, and of their three 
sons, Abraham and Christopher still live, the latter being engaged in 
gold mining in Montana, and being the father of eleven children. Mar- 
tin Lapp, the father of Mr. H. C. Lapp, was married twice. His 
first wife was Miss Freeror, of Stephenson county, Illinois, and her 
family were Germans, who emigrated first to Philadelphia and thence 
to Illinois. His second wife was Miss Lizzie Gholing. 

Henry C. Lapp lost his mother in 1857, and he has no recollection 
of the noble and good woman of whom he was the only son. He was 
reared in Illinois by his grandparents Lapp. He has made his own way 
since 1866, and left with his grandfather, who was his guardian, some 
twenty-seven hundred dollars, of which he received none. He was in 
St. Louis when they were building the big bridge across the Missis- 
sippi, and worked and made his home in Springfield, Missouri, until 
1 87 1. From there he went to Waterloo, Iowa, and thence to northern 
Illinois. He was a fireman on a locomotive until 1876, and made his 
arrival in Fall City in June of that year, being on his way to San 
Francisco. He was with a surveying outfit in western Nebraska for a 



402 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

time, but has since been in this city, and has been the efficient engineer 
of the water works for some years. He had only a dollar and a quarter 
to his name when he was married, but his thrift and industry have 
o;ained him a goodly share of the world's goods. Ten years ago he 
built his cosy home of nine rooms, and he owns sixteen city lots. 

Mr. Lapp was married in Falls City, June 17, 1879, to Miss 
Eleanora C. Fikes, who was born near Rock Island, Illinois, April 9, 
i860. She has one brother, Charles, of Santa Cruz, California. Her 
father, John Fikes, was a farmer in New York, Illinois, Iowa and Ne- 
braska, coming to this state in 1864, and in 1886 went to California, 
where he died at the age of sixty-eight. Mr. and Mrs. Lapp have 
three children : Mattie is the wife of Dr. Foster, a veterinarian in Falls 
City; Miss Addie resides at home; and Sidney was born May 14, 1889. 
Mr. Lapp is a Chapter Mason, an Odd Fellow and a Knight of Pythias. 
In politics he is an independent voter. His family are members of the 
Episcopal church. 



LEWIS ACHENBACH. 

Among the veterans of the Civil war who are honored by their 
fellow townsmen in the city of Beatrice, Gage county, Nebraska, none 
stand higher than the gentleman whose name heads this notice. His 
enlistment took place in December, 1863, at W'aukegan, Lake county, 
Illinois, in Company I, Seventeenth Illinois Cavalry, one of the best 
cavalry regiments of the state, Col. Beverage (who won glory and 
honor in \'irginia) and Captain Nathan Vose commanding. The regi- 
ment was ordered to Alton, Illinois, to guard prisoners. Later it 
was engaged in the Missouri campaign. In 1865 Mr. Achenbach suf- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 403 

fered from sunstroke. He never fully recovered and it has bothered 
him more or less ever since. On account of this stroke he was in the 
hospital for some time, and when sufficiently recovered was honorably 
discharged and returned home to Illinois. 

Lewis Achenbach was born in Germany on September 11, 1838, 
and he was a son of John J. and Mary (Badenbender) Achenbach. 
In 1852 the family came to the United States from Bremen on a sail- 
ing vessel, which consumed nine weeks in a stormy voyage. They 
landed in New York and proceeded at once to Waukegan, Lake county, 
Illinois. Both parents died in that state. Nine children were born to 
these parents, of whom the following served in the Civil war. Leonard 
was in an Illinois regiment and is now deceased ; Edgar was also in 
an Illinois regiment, and Lewis. 

Lewis Achenbach was but f(iurteen years of age when he left 
Germany, where he had studied in his native language, and after 
coming to America he pursued his education still further and learned 
the cooper's trade. About the time he was enabled to earn good wages 
at his calling, he enlisted, and when he returned to his old home he 
found himself troubled by ill health. In order to improve it he removed 
to Flody county, Iowa, where he worked upon a farm until 1869, and 
then located in Brownville, Nebraska. This climate not seeming to 
suit him he made another change, settling in Vesta, Johnson county, 
Nebraska; again removed and remained at Turkey creek, Pawnee 
county, until 1883, when he came to Beatrice, and has since made his 
home in this city. 

In 1868 he was married in Floyd county, Iowa, to Lienan Estella 
Conlee, who was born at Alton, Illinois, but was reared and educated 
at Galena, Illinois. She is a daughter of John H. Conlee, a prominent 
citizen of Galena, Illinois, and an old friend and neighbor of General 



404 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Grant. Mr. Coulee was at one time sheriff of Jo Daviess county, 
Illinois, and was United States marshal. He enjoyed the privilege of 
being present at the celebrated debate at Freeport, Illinois, between 
Lincoln and Douglas in 1858. As he was a warm personal friend of 
President Lincoln his smypathies of course were with that great man, 
although he also admired the ability of Stephen .A. Douglas. By call- 
ing he was a merchant, and was very successful in all his ventures. 
He was born in Kentucky and married Mary Crowder, a native of 
Kentucky, whose father was a Revolutionary soldier. Mr. Conlee died 
at the age of eighty-two years. Lie was member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity. His wife died at the age of seventy-seven years. Twelve 
children, six sons and six daughters, were born to Mr. and Mrs. Cou- 
lee. Of them, Alexander served in Company K, Ninety-sixth Illi- 
nois Volunteer Infantry ; Thomas A. served in Company K, Ninety- 
sixth Illinois Volunteer Infantry; and William served in the One 
Hundred and Forty-second Illinois Volunteer Infantry. 

Mrs. Achenbach was one of the early pioneers of Floyd county 
and is a lady of pleasing manner and disposition. She has borne her 
husband the following children : Leone E. Fairchilds, of Orleans, Ne- 
braska; June A.; Jessie L. Reid, of Chicago; Lewis Elbert; Alexander, 
deceased. Mr. Achenbach is a member of Rawlins Post No. 35, and 
fraternally he is a member of the Modern Woodman and Woodman 
of the World. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 405 

JOSEPH LESCHER. 

Joseph Lescher, one of the weH known and highly respected vete- 
rans of the Civil war residing at Beatrice, Nebraska, was born in 
Berks county, Pennsylvania. He is a son of Dr. Jacob Lescher, who 
was one of the substantial men of Lancaster county, and w'ho married 
Maria Bricker, also born in Pennsylvania. They had the following 
children: Samuel, who was a surgeon of a colored brigade; Elvira; 
Mary Rebecca; Maria; John J., a physician; George; William, who was 
blind ; Elizabeth, who lives in Beatrice ; and Joseph. 

Joseph Lescher was reared in Pennsylvania, whence he went to 
Dayton, Ohio, and then he removed to Mt. Carmel, Illinois, and in 
1884 located in Beatrice, Nebraska. 

The war record of Mr. Lescher is one of which he well may be 
proud. He enlisted in Illinois, in August, 1862, Company B, Eighty- 
seventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Colonel Crebbs and Captain W. 
T. Prunty commanding. For three years he was a gallant soldier. 
He participated at Sabine Crossroads under General Banks, and took 
part in many battles and skirmishes diuMug his term of ser\-ice. Mr. 
Lescher was married to Liljby A. Ogborn, who was born at Liverpool, 
Madison county, Ohio, a daughter of Joseph Ogborn. Her father died 
in Perry county, Illinois. During his life he was a man of upright 
character and sterling principles and was deeply mourned after his 
demise. He married Sarah Foulke, a lady of character and great in- 
telligence. Mrs. Sarah Ogborn was born near Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
hei" father was a native of Pennsylvania while her mother came of a 
Virginia family. Three children were born to ]\Ir. and Mrs. Ogborn, 
namely: Lafayette, of Kingston, Indiana, and postal clerk for 
thirty-five vears. was a gallant soldier in Company G, Twelfth Illinois 
Volunteer Infantrv ; John also served in the Union army ; Mrs. Lescher. 



4o6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Mrs. Ogborn resides with her daughter in Beatrice, where John also 
makes his home. She was born in 1823. 

By occupation ]Mr. Lescher is a carpenter and builder, and has 
been very successful in his business transactions, firmly establishing 
himself in the confidence of the community. Mrs. Lescher is a mem- 
ber of the State Relief Corps, of which she is state deputy, and she is 
ex-vice president of the local W. R. C. Both she and her husband are 
well and favorably known throughout the entire county, and are repre- 
sentatives of the best interests of Nebraska. 



HENRY S. MEYERS. 

Henry S. Meyers, who resides just outside of Falls City, is one 
of the prominent and successful farmers of Richardson county, with 
a record for efiiciency, honesty, integrity, and prosperous results in all 
his dealings with his fellow citizens and in his individual work. He 
was born in Carroll county, Illinois, June 4, 1864, and comes of a 
family that has long been resident in the United States, and wliose 
individual members have been worthy and upright men and women 
in what ever sphere their abilities or inclinations have led them to act. 

His great-grandfather was Jacob Meyers, a German, who crossed 
the Atlantic and became a successful farmer in Somerset county, Penn- 
sylvania, where has been the principal seat of the family ever since. 
Jacob Meyers had eighteen children in all, and five of the sons became 
ministers of the German Baptist church, which has been the religious 
faith of tlie family to the present time. He died in old age, survived 
by his widow, and length of years was vouchsafed to all their de- 
scendants. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 407 

Martin Meyers, the grandfatlier of Mr. H, S. Meyers, was born 
in Somerset county, April 11, 1812. He was married in 1833 to 
Sarah Witts, who was born in November, 1820, a daughter of George 
Witts. She was married at the age of thirteen and was a mother at 
fifteen, and all of her fifteen children grew up, their names being as 
follows: Mary, born in 1835 ^"<i died in 1903; William, living in 
Morrill, Kansas ; Elizabeth, of the same place, and the mother of seven 
living children ; Adaline Smith, of Morrill, the mother of eight chil- 
dren; Elias S., mentioned below; Lydia, of Washington, Is^ansas, and 
mother of four children ; Martin, a farmer near Morrill ; Rebecca, of 
Hiawatha, Kansas; Harriet Springer; Sarah Springer, of Morrill; 
George and Michael, twins, the former deceased ; David, postmaster at 
Morrill; Anna Beard, deceased; Susan Slifer, of Oneida, Kansas. The 
father of this family died in 1895, his being the first death, and two of 
the children died in the same year, and his wife died in 1898. These 
worthy grandparents began life without money, and in addition to rear- 
ing and providing well for their children, left an estate valued at 
twenty-two thousand dollars. Martin Meyers was a self-educated 
man, of large and generous mind. He taught fourteen terms of school 
after his marriage, and was also a preacher in the German Baptist 
church for many years, and had also been a surveyor. 

Elias S. Meyers, the father of Henry S. Meyers, was born in 
Somerset county, Pennsylvania, May 24, 1845, settled in Carroll coun- 
ty, Illinois, in 1862, and was an early settler of Richardson county, 
Nebraska, in the year 1870, being now retired from farming life and 
residing in Falls City. He was married in Carroll county to Miss 
Susan Sipe, who was born in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, January 
6, 1844. The Sipes were prominent people of that county and state, 
and nearly all lived long as well as useful lives. Mr. and Mrs. E. S. 



4o8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Meyers began live as tenant farmers in Carroll county, and made a 
successful record Avhile living there. On coming to Nebraska they 
bought one hundred and twelve acres of prairie land at twelve dollars 
an acre, and worked hard for the improvement and cultivation of the 
place. The grasshopper plague was the most serious setback to their 
prosperity, but they have in the main been successful, and are now re- 
tired from active labor. 

Henry S. Meyers is the only child of his parents. He has a fine 
lot of land, and in 1901 erected a fine two and a half story residence, 
sixty by thirty-four feet, where he has a most happy and comfortable 
home. He has a farm of one hundred and sixty acres in Richardson 
county, Ohio township, and his wife has one hundred and sixty acres 
as a gift from her father. There are eighty acres in the home place, 
and his farming operations are conducted with gratifying success. 

Mr. Meyers married, March 16, 1886, Miss Laura Maddox, a 
daughter of William Maddox. She was educated in the district school 
one half mile north of her present home, and has lived in this county 
all her life. Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Meyers: Perry, 
born in 1886; William Raymond, born November 19, 1888; Anna, 
born May 26, 1891 ; and Wilma, born May 6, 1893, and who was taken 
to the Chicago World's Fair when five months old. The oldest son 
is a graduate of the Falls City Business College. Mr. and Mrs. Meyers 
have traveled over the country to a considerable extent, and the entire 
family made one trip to the Pacific coast. Mr. Meyers affiliates with the 
Modern Woodmen of America. He is independent in politics. He 
held at the same time the offices of township clerk and township asses- 
sor of Ohio township, being in those offices for several terms. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



409 



JAMES W. PACE. 

Janies W. Pace, one of the prominent residents of Beatrice, Nebras- 
ka, was born in Hart county, Kentucky, January 7, 1836, a son of 
Tiiomas Pace, also a native of Kentucky and a gallant soldier in the 
Mexican war, in General Taylor's command. The mother of Thomas 
Pace died at the age of one hundred and three years. The mother of 
our subject bore the maiden name of Amanda Anderson, and she was 
born in Barren county, 'Kentucky. Her father was William Anderson, 
a soldier in the war of 1812, serving under General Jackson, and partic- 
ipated in the battle of New Orleans. Thomas Pace and wife had the 
following children, viz. : James \A\ ; John L. : Abner H. ; George ^^^ : 
Captain C. C, of Lincoln, Nebraska, who were all gallant soldiers 
during the Civil war; Arabella; Mollie, deceased; and Ida. The 
father died at the age of seventy-nine years, while the mother died at 
Lincoln, Nebraska, at the age of eighty-six years. They were both con- 
sistent members of the Methodist church. 

James \Y . Pace was reared in Kentucky. He married Louisa 
Gardner. She was born in Larue county, Kentucky, a daughter of 
Hath and Anna Gardner, the former of whom was born in Virginia. 
The mother was born in Larue county, and died at the age of sixty 
years, while the father died at the age of forty-fi\'e years, and both 
were consistent members of the Baptist church. Li 1859 Mr. and Mrs. 
Pace removed to Doniphan county, Kansas, then to St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri, and finally to Gage county, Nebraska. Four children were born 
to Mr. and ]\Irs. Pace, namely: John, who was born in Kansas, June 
7, i860, and died in 1863; William L., of Beatrice; Ida Coon, of the 
same place; Nellie Elliott, also of Beatrice. Mr. Pace owns his home, 
and he and his excellent wife make welcome all their friends. He is a 
prominent member of the G. A. R. Post, which he joined thirty years 



4IO SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ago. In religious faith he is a Baptist. Kind-hearted, genial and sen- 
sible, he makes and retains many friends. 

In August, 1862, while living in the state of Kansas, Mr. Pace 
responded to the call of the President and enlisted under Colonel Thomas 
Bowan and Captain Schilling, and participated in a number of import- 
ant engagements in the Red River campaign. After a gallant service 
during which he made an honorable record for himself, ]\Ir. Pace was 
formally discharged and returned to his home in August, 1865. After 
General Grant died he cared for "Linden Tree," the horse which was 
presented to General Grant by the Sultan of Turkey. 



O. M. ENLOW. 

O. M. Enlow, attorney-at-la\v of Beatrice, Nebraska, is one of 
the old settlers of the county, having resided here since 1870. He was 
born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, November 15, 1844, and is 
a son of John N. and Margaret (Jamison) Enlow, both of whom were 
born in Pennsylvania. The family removed to Illinois in 1854, where 
the father died in December, 1878, aged fifty-two years, while his 
widow resided at Sprinfield, Illinois, and died there January 4, 1904, 
aged eight-one . The children born to this worthy couple were : O. M. ; 
Albert, of Springfield ; John, deceased ; Helen, deceased ; Josephine, 
deceased. 

Mr. O. M. Enlow was given a good education, and he taught 
school for two or three years after locating in Nebraska. Soon after 
his location in Gage county his influence began to be felt in political 
circles and he was made county judge in 1885, and he has also been 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 411 

district clerk, and always takes a very prominent part in the workings 
of the Republican party. 

In October, 1873, he married Julia Hyer, born in Tennessee, a 
daughter of the Rev. William Hyer, an eloquent divine of the Metho- 
dist church. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Enlow, 
namely: Bessie W., who is married and resides in Kansas City, Mis- 
souri, and Gertrude Helene, one of the popular teachers of Beatrice. 
In his fraternal relations Mr. Enlow is a Mason. He is one of the 
highly respected citizens of Gage county, where he has made his home 
for thirty-three years, and borne his part in its wonderful develop- 
ment. 



ELIAS A. MAUST. 

Elias A. Alaust, a prominent dealer in grain, live-stock and coal 
in Falls City, is one of the oldest business men of the city, having 
started the first grain elevator here in 1870. He has been successful in 
his operations from the first, and has delegated many of the cares of 
business to his sons and worthy successors. His position in the city 
is of assured importance, for he has taken a leading part not only in 
business but in all affairs concerned with the public welfare and mate- 
rial advancement. He is a man of sound worth and excellent personal 
character, one who gives more than he receives in his relations with the 
world and his fellows, and he has won and deserves the esteem of many. 

Mr. Maust was born in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, March 
23, 1839. Pennsylvania and in particular Somerset county has been 
the home of the Mausts for several generations, and the name is one 
of the most familiar as it is one of the most honored in that section of 



412 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

the state. The family history is most interesting and instructive, and 
leads to one of the Mennonite communities of worthy and pious people 
who are among the chief charms and adornments of western and cen- 
tral Pennsylvania. 

The family originated in Switzerland, and Mr. Maust's great-grand- 
father, whose name was Jacob, came from that country. He wrote his 
name Jilast, which afterwards in some way was changed to JNIaust and 
and as such has been spelled to the present time. He located near 
Reading, in Berks county. He had four sons and two daughters : John 
married a Miss Stailey, and lived on the old farm near Reading ; Jacob, 
the grandfather of Mr. Maust, married Barbary Fike, and in 1774 
emigrated to the old homestead in Somerset county; Christian married 
Rebecca Fike, and also located in Somerset county, living about four 
miles west of Salisbury; Joseph married Miss Berkey and lived about 
two miles west of Salisbury; Fannie married John Hochstetler, and 
lived in Somerset county between Salisbury and Mechanicsville, on the 
Yoder farm: Annie married a Mr. Kaufman. 

Grandfather Jacob was married three times. The two children by 
his first wife died very young. Barbary Fike bore him ten children: 
Magdaline, Barbary, Fannie^ Mariah; Jacob, who settled near Union- 
town, Fayette county, Pennsylvania; Sarah, Elizabeth, Catharine, 
Annie; and Abraham, who was the father of Mr. E. A. Maust. Of 
these daughters, one married a Mr. Thoinias, who lived in West Vir- 
ginia ; one was the wife of Solomon Bear, who lived near Somerset in 
Somerset county; and one married Jacob Fike, who lived near the old 
home place of her father's. Grandfather Maust's third wife was a 
widow, Annie (Kurtz) Fulton, and they had two children: Sarah, who 
died in her second year; and Gertrude, who married Jacob Zorn. 

Abraham Maust, the father of Mr. Elias Maust, was one of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 413 

nature's true noblemen. He was born on the old liome farm about 
two miles northeast of Salisbury, Somerset county, in 1793, and his 
life was not brought to an end luitil he had completed ninety-one years 
eleven months and five days on earth. And his life was as good and 
great as it was long. His bright and patient disposition enabled him to 
bear cheerfully the last sixteen years of his life, spent in total blindness 
and physical suffering. He was a faithful member of the Mennonite 
church for nearly seventy years. In politics he was a Democrat, but 
during the war was a pronounced L'nion man. He was married twice, 
and his second wife, Sarah Lichty, passed to the other world twenty 
years before him. He was like the Biblical patriarch after whom he 
was named, and in his age could be proud of a large and worthy pro- 
geny. among whom he was revered and venerated as the source and 
founder. At the time of his death his grandchildren numbered one 
hundred and twelve, and his great-grandchildren eight-nine, a total 
of two hundred and one to bless and help elevate the world. 

In 1817 Abraham Maust was married to Magdaline Longen- 
necker, one of the five sons and four daughters of Peter Longennecker, 
namely: David. John, Peter, Levi and Joseph; Magdaline; Susan, who 
married a Meyer; Elizabeth, who married a Strohm; and Catharine, 
who married a Hulsor and lived in Ohio. Mr. and. Mrs. Abraham 
Maust had nine sons and five daughters, as follows : Elizabeth, who 
married John Peck, of Addison, Somerset county, both now deceased ; 
Annie, who married Michael Glotfilty, who located near Fairfield, Jef- 
ferson county, Iowa, and are both deceased ; Peter married Elizabeth 
Saylor and lived on the home farm, and both are now deceased; Bar- 
bary married Jacob Schrock, and lives near Waterloo, Iowa; Joseph, 
now deceased, married Maggie Kimmel, and lived in Garret county, 
Marvland, about one mile south of Salisburv, Pennsvlvania ; Jacob mar- 



414 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA., 

ried, first, Miss Newman, and, second, Miss Kimmel, and lives near 
Somerset; John is married and lives near Preston, Fillmore county, 
Minnesota; Jonas, deceased, married Miss Berkey, and lived near his 
brother John; Abraham married Miss Newman, and lives in Garret 
county, Maryland, two miles south of Salisbury; Samuel married Miss 
Miller, a daughter of Jonas Miller, and lives in Waterloo, Iowa; Wil- 
liam married Eliza Wagner, daughter of Henry Wagner, and lives near 
Fruit Hurst, Alabama; Elias lives in Falls City Nebraska; Sarah mar- 
ried George Peck, son of Elias Peck, and lives near Falls City, Nebras- 
ka; Magdalene married Jacob W. Miller, son of William Miller, and 
lives in Waterloo, Iowa. The mother of these children was born in 
1795 and died in 1854, and she is buried on the old home farm, where 
also her husband and his parents are interred. 

With such lineage and family connections a worthy and consistent 
career should be expected in the case of Elias A. Maust, and such in 
truth it has been. He was reared in his native state and county, and 
obtained his education in the common schools. After his marriage in 
1865 he engaged in farming in Pennsylvania for two years, and then 
migrated westward to Waterloo, Iowa, where he remained two years, 
and in the fall of 1870 arrived in Falls City, Nebraska. He was in 
failing health at the time, and accordingly located on a farm of one 
hundred acres near town. In the healthy atmosphere of farming he 
had entirely recovered in one year, and he then moved into Falls City, 
and built the first grain elevator in the town as well as in this section 
of the state, that being before the advent of the railroad. He' has 
operated this ever since, and still carries it on in connection with his 
two sons. He soon added coal and the stock business to his enterprises, 
and he has been the leader in these lines and expanded his operations 
over a broad field. He owns two farms, each a quarter section, in this 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 415 

county, besides land in South Daivota and Colorado. Hie built his fine 
brick residence in 1891, and also his son's house in the same yard, and 
also owns six tenant houses. He has made this property by his own dili- 
gence and business judgment and management, and most of his opera- 
tions have been carried on in southeastern Nebraska, where he is hon- 
ored as a foremost citizen. 

Mr. Maust has also a military record made in his young manhood. 
November i, 1863, he enlisted in Company D, One hundred and Seventy- 
first Pennsylvania Infantry, for nine months' service, and came out of 
the ranks as a non-commissioned officer. The company saw some hard 
marching and service in North Carolina, but were in no engagement 
with the enemy. About the time of the expiration of their services, 
while they were at Fortress Monroe, the Confederate cavalry made a 
raid into Pennsylvania, and they all volunteered to serve as long as an 
firmed rebel was norfh of the Potomac. They were finally mustered 
out at Harrisburg at the end of ten months' service. The In-igade 
in which he was a soldier was one of the finest of the many sent out 
by Pennsylviania during the rebellion. Its commanding general in 
his farewell speech praised their soldierly character and records, and 
also the excellent moral and Christian principles of the men, who were 
in marked contrast with most soldiers and spent their Sundays in 
quiet and religious observance. 

Mr. Maust married, November 27, 1865, Miss Savilla Miller, who 
was born in Somerset county, July 27, 1849, a daughter of Moses W. 
and Catharine (Libingood) Miller. There are three children of this 
marriage: Irving C, born in Pennsylvania, May 15. 1868, is married 
and living in the same yard with his parents, and is in business with his 
father; Norman H., born in Falls City, January 14, 1874, died on the 
following October 12; Albert, born in Falls City, July 27, 1876, is a 



4i6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

graduate of the State University and resides at home. The family 
home is a beautiful and comfortable place, with evidences of the refine- 
ment and high-mindedness of its inmates everywhere, and Mr. and 
Mrs. Maust could ask no more pleasant place in which to spend the 
remaining years of their useful and noble lives. \ir. Maust was reared 
a Democrat, and has always adhered to that political faith. He and his 
wife are members of the Progressive Brethren church, and he has been 
a trustee for many years. Mr. Maust has a most valuable and highly 
prized legacy which he took instead of money from his father, in the 
shape of a large German Bible, dated in 1531 and printed in Zurich, 
Switzerland, and in the old German text. Its presentation inscription is 
dated 1697, and there are several births recorded from 1731 to 1736. 
This heirloom is without price and is valued for its associations, but 
would also be worth a large sum if placed on the market and would 
form a valuable exhibit in any collection of antiquities. 



HON. A. B. McNICKLE. 

Hon. A. B. McNickle, postmaster of Cortland, Nebraska, is one of 
the most popular men of Gage county, Nebraska, and an old settler of 
this locality as well as a veteran of the Civil war. He was appointed 
postmaster April 8, 1900, but he had also served as postmaster of 
Silver, Gage countv, under appointment by President Harrison. His 
war record is an interesting one. He enlisted in August, 1862, in Com- 
pany K, One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Colonel 
T. J. Henderson, who afterwards became so prominent in the history 
of Illinois, commanding. The regiment engaged in many important 
battles and skirmishes, and in all of them our subject proved himself a 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 4^7 

most gallant soldier. On August 6, 1864, he was shot in the right leg 
and was in the hospital for ten months. In spite of this, however, he 
participated in many of the thirty-two battles in which his regiment 
engaged, and has a record which should be given more extended space 
in this volume. 

He was born in Eastbrook, Lawrence county, Pennsylvania, Jan- 
uary 16, 1842, and is a son of John McNickle, a native of Pennsylvania, 
who married Rachel Scroggs, a daughter of General John A. Scroggs, 
who was a soldier in the war of 1812. Mr. Gustavus A. Scroggs, his 
son, was very prominent in the Civil war. 

j\Ir. McNickle remained in Pennsylvania until 1859, \\hen he came 
to Illinois, and after the war settled in Linn county, IMissouri. Still 
later he moved to Atchison, Kansas, where he was fuel agent for the 
Missouri & Pacific Railroad for four years, but in 1875 he settled in 
Highland township. Gage county, Nebraska, where he resided until 
1884. His next place of residence was C^^rtland, where he has since 
remained. Since coming to Nebraska he has held the office of justice of 
the peace for twenty-two consecutive years and is just now entering upon 
another term. He has followed real estate and insurance business since 
1884. In politics he is a standi Republican and has always taken an 
active part in party affairs. 

On October i, 1866, he was married in Illinois to Rhoda E. Bal- 
derson, who was born in Morgan county, Ohio. She has borne him the 
following children: Mrs. Mary E. Trekell, of Enid, Oklahoma; Mrs. 
Nettie A. Berryman, of Ashland, Kansas; Mrs. Edith R. Lucke, of 
Butte. Nebraska ; George, who is assistant cashier of the Stock Growers' 
National Bank of Ashland, Kansas; Harry died at the age of twenty 
years. All these children have become well and favorably known 
throughout Gage county. Both as a public official and pri\ate citizen 



4i8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Mr. McNickle has proved himself possessed of the virtues required to 
gain both confidence and friendship, and the people of Cortland are 
to be congratulated upon their postmaster. He was a member of the 
state legislature during the tferm of 1890 and 1891. He is now serv- 
ing on the Soldiers' Relief Commission of Gage county, an office he 
has filled since 1897. 

Mr. McNickle and his family are all members of the Congregational 
church, in which he is an active worker, and he is now chorister and 
superintendent of the Sunday' school, in which capacity he has served for 
the past twenty years. 



WILLIAM E. DORRINGTON. 

William E. Dorrington, a prominent and w^ell known business man 
of Falls City, Nebraska, has lived iii this section of the state most of his 
life, for the forty-five years since he was at the age of eleven, so that 
he ranks among the oldest settlers, and few have been more completely 
identified witli the progress and development of one part of the com- 
mon\\-ealth than he. He has been one of the foremost business men 
of Falls City for thirty years, and his activity has extended to many 
lines of usefulness and to individual and public profit. He belongs to 
a well known and influential family, and his own career has been in the 
highest degree successful and meritorious. 

^Ir. Dorrington was born in Oneida county. New York, Septem- 
ber 22, 1847. His grandfather, John Dorrington, was a life-long car- 
penter in England, and his children were as follows : Mary Ball, who 
died in Chicago, lea\'ing children, Thomas and Anna, and lost one 
daughter, Lucy ; David, the father of William E. ; Elizabeth Weston, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 419 

who died in Falls City, Nebraska, leaving one daughter, Mrs. Veh- 
meyer; Frederick, who died in England, leaving two daughters; Car- 
rie Nash, who died in Illinois, leaving a son John and having lost a 
daughter. 

David Dorrington, the father of JMr. Dorrington. was born in 
Yorkshire. England, in 1812, and came to America in 1840, locating 
for a time in Quebec, Canada. He thence went to New York state, 
where he was a contractor and builder at various points. I^eing a suc- 
cessful business man and manager. He came west to Geary, Doni- 
phan county, Kansas, in the summer of 1857, in the following Septem- 
ber went to Nebraska, where he invested in real estate, and in the 
following year came from the east and made his permanent location in 
Richardson county, where he died in 1885. He was a government con- 
tractor of stage and mail routes, with headquarters at Falls City, and 
was a prominent man in many ways. He was a Republican in politics, 
and served as justice of the peace, on the school board and in other 
offices. He affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
he and his good wife were members of the Baptist church. He was mar- 
ried, two years before leaving England, to Miss Anna B. ^^'ood, who 
was born in Essex, and died in Falls City, in 1877. She was of a 
most devout and religious nature, of great intellectuality, and her in- 
fluence in her home and on her children was deep and potent for lasting 
good. 

Mr. and Mrs. David Dorrington were the parents of the following 
sons and daughters : Frederick, known as Captain Dorrington, born in 
Etigland and died at Alliance, Nebraska, was a prominent and widely 
known Republican, was in his third term as receiver in the land office 
at the time of his death, was a captain in the state militia, and left two 
sons and one daughter; George E., who spends his time in Arizona and 



420 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

California for the benefit of his health, has lost his wife and five chil- 
dren; John W. is proprietor of the Arizona Sentinel at Yuma, is a 
mining speculator, and is unmarried; Anna is the wife of Isham Reavis, 
of Falls City, and has three sons and one daughter; William E. is the 
youngest son ; Kittie L. is the wife of Edwin S. Towle, of Falls City, 
a banker. 

Mr. W. E. Dorrington gained his early education in Nebraska, 
attending the Peru «ormal, and from there went to the University of 
Chicago. In 1871 he began his business career in Falls City as station 
agent of the Burlington Railroad. In 1873 '"^^ embarked in the furni- 
ture business in the firm of Dorrington and Stowe, and two years later 
as Dorrington and Wilson, which firm continued until Mr. Wilson sold 
his interest to David Dorrington Reavis ; the business went as Dorring- 
ton and Reavis from 1887 to 1895, and in the latter year Mr. Dorring- 
ton sold out to W. W. Abbey, and has since devoted his time and ener- 
gies to the telephone and banking business. He has throughout been 
a successful business man, and his reliability and excellent management 
place him among the leading men of affairs in Falls City. 

September 3, 1872, Mr. Dorrington was married to Mrs. E. A. 
Stowe, and the following children were born of their imion : David, 
who died in infancy; Maud is the wife of W. H. Wigtan. and has one 
son, Dorrington Alonzo Wigtan; May is the wife of John Martin, 
who was a court reporter for four years and is now connected with the 
Falls City Journal; Miss Anna is at home; John W. is in the class of 
1906 in the University of Nebraska; the daughter Lillian graduated 
from the Falls City schools, was in the State University two years, 
and has been a most successful teacher since she was sixteen, hav- 
ing been solicited to accept the principalship of the Central school in 
Falls City. Mrs. Dorrington's useful and beautiful life was closed by 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 421 

deatli, September 12, 1900. Mr. Dorrington resides in his nice liome 
at the outskirts of the town. He is a Knight Templar Mason and an 
Odd Fellow of the encampment degrees. He is a Republican in politics, 
and served as mayor two terms, and was in the city council eight years 
and on the school board for three terms. 



JAMES CUSSINS. 

James Cussins. one of the venerated ex-soldiers of the Civil war 
and a resident of Gage county, Nebraska, comes of one of the O'ld 
families of America, a representative of which, Benjamin Cus- 
sins. father of James, served in the war of 1812, and was a native of 
Franklin county, Pennsylvania. He grew to manhood in his native 
county, in which he married Jane Brown and then moved to Ohio, 
Athens county. Still later he and his family located in Iowa, and from 
thence to East St. Louis, Missouri, where he died at the age of seventy- 
five vears. In politics he was a Whig, and a devout member of the 
Christian church. His children were as follows- Elizabeth; Oliver: 
Sarah; Jamison; Margaret; Samuel, a .soldier of the Cival war; Jackson, 
in an Iowa regiment ; James, in an Iowa regiment. 

James Cussins was reared and educated in Lee county, Iowa, and 
learned farming upoa the family farm. In 1864 he enlisted in Company 
D, Second Iowa \'olunteer Infantry, Cfilonel Howard and Captain T. 
C. Tunis commanding, and he served until the close of the war. partici- 
pating in the famous march to the sea, the battles of that campaign, up 
through the Camlinas, was at Richmond, \'irginia, and participated in 
the grand review at Washington, District of Columbia, after which he 
was honorablv discliargecl and returned home. Soon after the war he 



422 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

went to Nebraska with his brother Jackson, and engaged in fanning. 
In poHtics Mr. James Cussins is a stanch Republican and always 
supports the principles of his party. He takes an interest in the G. A. R. 
matters, and is justly regarded as one of the representative veterans of 
the Civil war. 



WILLIAM GOLDNER. 

William Goldner, manufacturer of wagons and buggies and in the 
general blacksmithing business in Falls City, has been connected with 
this line of industry from youth, and has followed it with great success 
since taking up his residence here in 1886. He has been a shrewd and 
prosperous business man, has gained the favor and esteem of a wide 
circle of friends and associates, and is throughout the county known for 
his sterling integrity and high personal worth. His life from an early 
age has been a busy one, and, with the aid of his thrify and helpful wife, 
lie has accumulated a fair amount of material blessings and at the same 
time has enjoyed many comforts as he went along. 

Mr. Goldner was born in Vietz, Germany, May 12, 1854, a son of 
John Frederick Goldner, who was born in Schlosse, Germany, in 1795 
and died there in 1867, leaving his wife and the three children now living, 
as follows : Charles, who is a wagon-maker in the old home in Germany. 
and has one son and two daughters; Paulina, who is married and lives 
in Germany; and William. 

'Mr. William Goldner had a good training in the German schools 
throughout the required period of attendance, and about the time he was 
fourteen began learning his trade according to the thorough fashion pre- 
vailing in such matters in Germany. He served as a "Lehrling" for 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



423 



three years, paying seventy-fi\-e dollars for the privile.ee and bearing 
his own living expenses besides. He gave two years to the government 
in the artillery shops on the Rhine. He was married in the old country 
and in 1880 came to America. He worked with a railroad in Chicago 
for four mouths, and worked at his trade in various places until coming 
to Falls City in 1886. In 1890 he bought an old shop here and then built 
a large frame building, in which he continued his operations for six 
years, after which he had his shop in a rented building at his present 
location. He was burned out, and about a year ago completed his large 
two-story brick block, fifty-five by seventy-five feet, on a lot one hun- 
dred and twenty by one hundred and twenty-five, making one of the 
handsomest business properties in the city. He occupies the upper floor 
for his residence. He runs two forges and keeps an extra man in addi- 
tion to his two sons who are connected with the business. His trade 
is large and constantly increasing, and the relialile and perfect work 
turned out of his shop makes his patronage steady and of the highest 
class. 

Mr. Goldner was married in German}'. Feljruary 9, 1876, to ]\Iiss 
Jackobine Breitbach, who was the eldest of five children, and her mother 
died in Dakota, while her father is still living and an active man at 
the age of se\-enty-six. She had a common schooling in the old country. 
The following children were laorn to ^fr. and Mrs. Goldner, two of 
them in Germany; Jackobine Wetstine, a cigar manufacturer in ]Mis- 
souri; William G., working with his father, and is mar- 
ried; George is single and also with his father in the shops; Miss Alber- 
tina lives at home, and is an able pianist : Emma, also of musical tastes, 
is aged sixteen and in school ; Edward is in school ; Frederick, aged 
twelve; Clara, aged ten. Air. Goldner afliliates with the Modern Wood- 
men, the Woodmen of the World, the Roval Highlanders and the An- 



424 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

cient Order of L'nited W^orkmen, and the Bankers Fraternal Life. He 
votes the RepuI^Iican ticket, and the family are Methodists in their 
relig-idus views. 



JACKSON CUSSINS. 

Jackson Cussins, a veteran of the Civil war. residing in Gage county, 
Nebraska, is a representative of a staunch American family. Benjamin 
Cussins, his father, served in the war of 1812. and he was a native of 
Franklin county. Pennsylvania. He was reared in Franklin county, 
where he married Jane Brown, and located in Athens county, 
Ohio, whence later on he moved to Iowa and then to East St. 
Louis, Missouri, where he died aged seventy-fi\'e )ears. In politics he 
was a Whig and a devout member of the Christian church. His children 
were as follows : Elizabeth, Oliver, Sarah, Jamison, Margaret, Sam- 
uel, Jackson and James, the last three of whom served in Iowa regi- 
ments and 01i\"er ser\cd in an Ohio regiment. 

Jackson Cussins was but a 1)oy when l)rought to Lee coimty, Iowa, 
by his parents, and he grew to manhood in Iowa upon the homestead. 
In 1864, with his brother James, he enlisted in Company D, Second 
Iowa Volunteer Infantry, with Colonel Howard and Captain T. C. Tunis 
commanding. This regiment saw much active service and participated 
in the famous march to the sea and the battles of that campaign, up 
through the Carolinas, was at Richmond. A'irginia. and participated 
in the grand review at Washington. District of Columbia, after which 
he was honoral:)ly discharged and returned home. Soon after the war 
he went to Nebraska with bis brother James and engaged in farming. 

Politically he is a Republican, but has never had time to take an 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 425 

active part in local affairs. Nothing pleases either of the brothers more 
than to meet old army friends and live over once more the exciting events 
of those stirring days. 



SANFORD D. COLE. 

Sanford D. Cnle, the efficient postmaster of Wymore, Nebraska, 
has held this office since March i, 1900, and prior to that he acted for 
two years as assistant postmaster of Beatrice. His birth occurred in 
Sheboygan county, Wisconsin, in March, i860, and he is a grandson of 
Alvin Cole, an early settler and pioneer of Sheboygan county, who 
located in that county and cleared a home in the wilderness. Among 
his sons was Frederick Cole, father of our subject, who was a prominent 
lumber dealer of Sheboygan county, and married Mary Bonnett, born 
in England of a good English family. She was nine years old when 
brought to Wisconsin by her parents, but later was taken to New York 
and there educated; she was a very superior woman for her day, but 
lued at the early age of thirty-nine years, leaving three children : San- 
ford D. ; Stella, who married Ed Patrie, of Washington county, Kan- 
sas ; and Fred, now deceased. The father died at the age of fifty-four. 
He was a stanch Republican and a man who was highly respected. 

Sanford D. Cole was reared in Sheboygan county on the old 
farm and received his education in the schools of his neighborhood. In 
1869 he removed to Kansas and was on a farm until 1884. He then en- 
gaged in a mercantile business in Washington, Kansas, until 1887, when 
he removed to Ness county of that same state and carried on a like 
establishment, but in 1890 took advantage of an opening in Wymore, 
Nebraska, and established himself there. In 1898 he was appointed as- 



426 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

sistant postmaster of Beatrice under J- C. Burch, and is now in charge 
of the postoffice at Wymore, where he has made himself exceedingly 
popular. 

In February, 1885, in Washington county, Kansas, he married 
Lula J. Potts. She is a native of Ohio and is a daughter of Duncan and 
Orpha (Jarman) Potts, now of Lincoln, Nebraska. The children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Cole are as follows : Vera, Lynn, Neva and Elsie. 
Since he cast his first vote, Mr. Cole has been a stanch Republican, and 
his services to his party, have been appreciated and to some extent re- 
warded. He is one of the most genial and courteous men in tlie entire 
city, and very popular with all classes. 



ENOS H. REED. 

Enos H. Reed, one of the well known citizens of Beatrice, Nebras- 
ka, and a veteran of the Civil war, has resided in this state since 1885. 
His war record began August 14, 1862. when he enlisted at Camden, 
Illinois, in Company A, Ninety-third Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Colonel 
Putnam and Captain A\'illiam Ashbough commanding. The regiment 
engaged in the battles of Jackson, Mississippi, and Champion Hills; 
also engaged in the siege of Vicksburg and in the battles of Missionary 
Ridge, Altoona Pass, and finally marched to the sea with Sherman; -as 
well as engaged in many other prominent battles of the war; during 
the entire time Mr. Reed proving himself a gallant soldier and one in 
whom all confidence could be placed. After the war was over he re- 
turned to Illinois to engage in more peaceful pursuits. 

Enos H. Reed was born in Mercer county, Illinois, being a son of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 427 

Wilburn C. Reed, a son of Jacob Reed, who was a soldier in the war with 
Mexico under General Taylor, so that the martial spirit Mr. Reed pos- 
sessed was inherited. Wilburn C. Reed was for several years major of 
state militia in Indiana, and his father, Jacob Reed, was commissioned 
a captain during his service in the Mexican war. 

W' ilburn C. Reed was born in South Carolina and was a descendant 
of Scotch parantage, as his father was born in Scotland. The great- 
grandmother of our subject was a native of Germany. The father married 
Alary Keffer, and he died at the age of sixty-six, while his widow died 
at the age of seventy-seven years. Eleven children were born to these 
parents, three of whom served in the Civil war; George K. having been 
in the Twenty-eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and now lives in In- 
dianola, Iowa ; Samuel P., who served in the Seventh Iowa Volunteer 
Infantry and lives in Indian Territory; Enos H. served in the Ninety- 
third Illinois Volunteer Infantry. 

Mv. Reed was reared in Mercer county, Illinois, but was married 
in Muscatine, Iowa, in 1868 to Josephine Stausell, who was born in 
Wayne county, Michigan, a daughter of James J. Stausell, who served 
in the Tv/entj^-eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry in the Civil war, but 
now resides in New Virginia, Iowa. ' Three children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Reed, namely : Orin E., one of the reliable farmers of Beatrice. 
Gage county ; Elvina, who resides near Beatrice in Gage county ; and 
Clyde L., of Holmesville, Gage county. Three other children died in 
childhood, namely: Bert, Elmer and Everett. In politics Mr. Reed is 
a Republican, and he is a prominent member of Rawlins Post No. 35, 
G. A. R., in Beatrice. The family reside in a suburb of Beatrice, and 
Mr. Reed is held in highest esteem by all who know him, for he is a 
man possessed of the equalities calculated to inspire admiration and 
friendship. 



428 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

H. A. GIVEN, M. D. 

H. A. Given, physician and surgeon of Wymore, Nebraska, is one 
of the representative medical men of Gage county. He located here in 
1882, and is a graduate of Rush Medical College of Chicago, class of 
1871. 

Dr. Given was born February 12, 1847, in Woodstock, McHenry 
county, Illinois, and is a son of Childs F. Given, an early settler of 
McHenry county, who built the first log cabin in the present city of 
Woodstock. Childs F. Given was instrumental in the development of 
that part of the state and built his own home on government land, for 
which he paid one dollar and a quarter an acre. He came originally from 
Virginia and was the son of Henry Given, also of Virginia. In his 
native state Childs F. Given married Mary Rider, also of Virginia and 
a member of one of the first families of Virginia. Different members 
of her family played importants parts in the development of the coun- 
try, and two of lier great-uncles served in the war of the Revolution. The 
sixteenth governor of Virginia, Governor Dinwiddle, was also related 
to the father of our subject, who on his side of the family was very 
prominently connected with the leading men of his state. Childs F. 
Given died at the age of forty-two in Illinois, and his widow died in 
March, 1902, at the age of seventy-eight years, firm in the faith of the 
Methodist church. Two children were born to this most worthy couple, 
H. A. and Mary Dyer, who lives at Abingdon, Illinois. 

Dr. Given received his literary education in the common schools of 
Abingdon and Hedding seminary of that place, and then began the 
stud}' of medicine \\\t\\ Dr. Reece, a successful jihysician of that same 
cit)-. Afterwards Dr. Given attended Rush Medical College, from 
which he graduated with honors and the degree of M. D. He practiced 
in Iowa until 1882, when he located at Wymore, Nebraska, and has built 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 429 

up a large and successful practice among the best people of this locality. 
In 1874 Dr. Given was married in Woodstock, Illinois, to Eva Russell, 
who was reared and educated in that city, being a daughter of George 
Russell, of New York. Dr. and Mrs. Given have two children : Fred 
A., a machinist of Wymore, and Pearl Given, who is now attending a 
conservatory of music to perfect herself in that profession. Politically 
Mr. Given is a Democrat and a great admirer of W. J. Bryan. Fratern- 
ally he is a member of the Knights of Pythias of Nebraska, in which 
order he takes an important part. In manner he is frank and courtly 
and is justly regarded as one of the city's leading professional men. 
The Doctor has no superior in general practice in Gage county, and he 
keeps thoroughly abreast of all advances in science. Being well read 
as well as a close student, he has made many friends socially as well as 
among his many patients. 



MRS. CATHERINE DOWNS. 

Mrs. Catherine Downs, a well known and highly esteemed lady of 
Falls City, is the widow of Benjamin S. Downs, who died in this city, 
February 11, 1876, his death removing from the ranks of Falls City 
business men one of the strongest figures, and a man whose useful and 
well spent life was in itself a noble reward. INIrs. Downs has also in 
many ways proved tlie true nobility and strength of her character, and 
for a number of years since her husband's death has maintained a high- 
class boarding house, and is still active and happy, with length of years 
resting lightly on her and without decreasing her zest for work and 
accomplishment. 

Benjamin S. Downs was born in Knox county, Ohio, in 1818. 



430 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

His father, George Downs, was a carpenter, in both Ohio and Virginia, 
and by his wife, Rebecca Thrift, of Virginia, had thirteen children, 
the three sons, George, WilHam and Benjamin, having all departed this 
life. Mr. Downs followed the trade of miller throughout his life. Mrs. 
Downs's maiden name was Catherine Goben, a daughter of Hughey and 
Sarah (Richardson) Goben, of Virginia. Her father was born in 1765, 
and when a boy was in the Revolutionary war, in which his thigh was 
broken, and he was lame throughout the rest of his life. At the age of 
fifteen he was taken prisoner by the Indians, and was held among them 
for three years. Later in life he served under Jackson in the Seminole 
Indian war. He and his wife had fourteen children, of whom Mrs. 
. Downs was the youngest and the only survivor, and three of her brothers 
and six of her sisters grew up and were married. She lost her mother 
when she was four years old, and was accordingly reared by her 
eldest sister, Mary Gofif. Her mother died in Richland county, Ohio, 
in 1832, when about fifty years old. Mrs. Downs was reared in Ohio, 
and was privileged to gain only a meager schooling in her youth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Downs were married December 10, 1842, and located 
at first in Knox county, Ohio, in Putnam county, Indiana, for five years, 
and thence to Mills county, Iowa, where he was engaged in milling for 
nineteen years. He came to Nebraska and was a successful miller in 
Falls City from then until his death. He and his wife were the parents 
of seven children. George is a carpenter of Glenwood, Iowa, and has 
five living children; Alvira is the wife of Curtis White, the postmaster 
of Glenwood, Iowa, and has two sons and one daughter; William T., 
of Falls City, has one son and two daughters ; Mary Elizabeth Pickett, 
in Falls City, has five sons living, and has lost one; John H. is a car- 
penter in the state of Washington, and has one son; Sarah C. McCoy, a 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 431 

widow in Falls City, with three sons, hves with her mother in Falls 
City; and Emma, in Falls City, has four daughters. 

Mr. Downs was a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and in politics was a Democrat. Mrs. Downs is a member of the 
Christian church. She was left with a good home, and in 18S3 she 
built the large home in which she has maintained her boarding house 
for the past twenty years. She is blessed with twenty-seven bright 
grandchildren and eleven great-grandchildren, and her life's closing 
years are crowned with happiness and peace, secure in the affections of 
all around her. 



P. L. GILLESPIE, M. D. 

P. L. Gillespie, M. D., physician and surgeon of ^^'ynlore, Ne- 
braska, is one of the successful representatives of the medical profes- 
sion in that locality, and is a graduate of the John A. Creighton Medical 
College of Omaha, Nebraska, class of 1901. He was born at Potts- 
ville, Pennsylvania, September 2, 1875, and is a son of Hugh F. Gil- 
lespie, also born in Pennsylvania, the son of Peter L. Gillespie. 
Hugh F. Gillespie married Ellen Salmon, a daughter of Dr. James 
Salmon. The father of our subject was a skilled railroad engin- 
eer, who came to Wymore, Nebraska, in 1887. He now resides in Lin- 
coln, Nebraska. Seven children were born to these parents, four sons 
and three daughters, and of them Dr. Gillespie is the eldest. His early 
education was received in the schools of Wymore, and later he graduated 
from Creighton University in 1897 with degree of A. B. Two years 
later he received the degree of A. M. from the same institution. After 
his graduation from medical college, Dr. Gillespie was an interne in 



432 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

the St. Joseph hospital at Omaha, and after his experiences there, he 
settled at Wymore, and has already built up a very flattering practice. 
The suite of rooms occupied by Dr. Gillespie are now located in 
the Jones Building, and his library is one of the best in this section 
of the state. Being a young man with great enthusiasm for his profes- 
sion. Dr. Gillespie is a close student and keeps thoroughly abreast of 
the great discoveries of science and the healing art. In manner he is 
genial and courteous, and his many friends predict a successful future. 
Dr. Gillespie married, November 4, 1903, Stella R. Mercer, daughter of 
Lewis Mercer, and a native of Salem, Illinois. He is a member of the 
Gage County IMedical Society, and was elected president of the same 
for 1904. 



JAMES A. McGUIRE. 

James A. McGuire, cashier of the First National Bank of Wymore, 
Nebraska, was born in Scandia, Kansas, in 1879, and is a son of Daniel 
C. McGuire, the first mayor Wymore. The father was born in Scot- 
land, where he was educated and lived until he was twenty-one years of 
age, and then came to the United States, after which he married Jane 
Doctor, who had been born in Dundee, Scotland. The father was a 
mechanic and finally located in Republic county, Kansas, where he 
was engaged in the erection of a number of public buildings in that 
locality. In 1881 he went to Wymore, Gage county, Nebraska, and in 
addition to being the first mayor of Wymore he held a number of minor 
offices and always did everything in his power to advance the interests 
of the community. During a useful life he was a firm adherent of 
the Democratic party, and was a loyal friend, kind neighbor and patri- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 433 

otic citizen. He died at Goodland, Kansas, at the age of forty years and 
left his widow with five chilchxn, as follows: Catherine, who is a suc- 
cessful teacher of \\"ymore: James A.; Daniel D., assistant cashier in 
the same hank with his brother; Barbara, and Thomas. After the 
death of her husband the mother removed to \\'ymore and brought up 
her children in a manner that reflects great credit upon her. 

James A. ISIcGuire was educated principally in \\''ymore and when 
still a l)oy became a clerk. .So faithful was he in the discharge of his 
duties that his brightness and pleasing manner attracted the attention 
of those who desired the services of such an individual, and he was 
chosen cashier of the First National Bank, which is a very res]ionsible 
position for a young man who has not passed the quarter century mile- 
stone. Mr. McGuire was elected city clerk, first in 1901 on the citi- 
zen's ticket, and has been twice re-elected. The entire McGuire family 
are firm adherents of the Episcopal church, in which they take an 
active part. Mr. McGuire himself is a bachelor and is one of the lead- 
ers sociallv in \\'vmore, \\ here he has a host of friends. 



LEWIS P. WTRTH. 

Lewis P. Wirth, senior member of the firm of Wirth and Winter- 
bottom, general hardware, plumbing and heating, has been prominently 
identified with the business interests of Falls City for over a decade, 
and his connection with Richardson county is life-long, since he was 
born, reared and has performed his best efforts in this county, resulting 
ui success and a place of esteem among fellow citizens and associates 
that is truly creditable to his character and ability. His firm is the 
leading hardware house in the city, and has been in business since 1893. 



434 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Wirth and ^^'interbotton^ succeeded Wilson Maddox, who was one 
of the early merchants of this section of the state. They carry a large 
and full line of shelf and heavy hardware, and all things in their line 
used in an agricultural communit}'. The large brick, two story and a 
half, twenty-five l^y one hundred feet, store was erected liy Mr. Wirth 
in 1894. 

i\Ir. Wirth was born in Arago, Richardson county, December 4, 
1864. His father, Joseph O. Wirth, was born in ^^'urtemberg, Ger- 
many, June 19, 1S22, and at the age of twenty-four came across the 
ocean and settled in Buffalo, New York. He had some capital and 
worked at his trade of tinner. He was in Chicago for about eight 
years, and in the spring of 1857 arrived in Nebraska in company with 
a colony from Buft'alo. He was one of the earliest merchants of this 
^■icinity. and carried on a getieral hardware business in Arago until 
1873, and then continued the buisness in Falls City for six vears, after 
which he retired with a competency. He died November 27, 1901, 
at the age of seventy-nine. Most of his estate he had made in Nebraska, 
and he was enabled to give his children good advantages. 

Mr. L. P. Wirth received a common schooling at Imme, and re- 
mained with his parents until he was of age. He had learned the 
tinner's trade of his father, and he worked at it for six vears in Stella. 
He then returnetl to Falls City, and in May, 1892, set up business for 
himself, in the following year forming the firm which is now doing 
such a successful business. 

Mr. Wirth was married, ]\Iay 15, 1S96, to JNIiss ]\[aud Maurer, 
of Canada. They have three children: Louis, born April 2, 1898; 
Maud, born July 12, 1900; and Ruth, born May 15, 1903. The family 
home is at the corner of Third and Morton streets, where he erected a 
nice dwelling in 1901. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 435 

GEORGE LINCOLN KENNEDY. 

This name is one known throughont Nemaha county, for here 
I\Ir. Kennedy has passed his entire hfe and here his parents hved for 
many years. He was born in the precinct of London, near Brown- 
vilie, on tlie 17th of December, 1861. a son of the Rev. Stephen Wilken- 
son Kennedy, whose hfe history will be found below. George Lin- 
coln is one of fourteen children lirirn to his father liy two marriages, 
and the fifth of seven children l)y the last marriage. He received liberal 
educational advantages during the period of his boyhood and youth, 
attending- the district schools of the neighborhood and was also a student 
of the Brownville schools. On the 28th of JNIarch, 1883, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Anna Marsh, a native daughter of Brownville, 
where her birth occurred on the 9th of September, 1861, and she was 
a schoolmate of her husband. Her parents were H. H. and ]\Iary Jane 
(Thompson) ]Marsh, the former born at Jamestown, New York, in 
March, 1834, and the latter in Calloway county, Missouri, in February, 
1 84 1. At his death the father left his widow with two children, Mrs. 
Kennedy and Cassius Henry, the latter now a printer in Omaha, Ne- 
braska. The mother is now the widow of Albert D. ALarsh, a brother 
of her first husband, by whom she had one daughter, Almira, now the 
wife of Rutherford Carter, of Nemaha county. The following children 
have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy : Ethel Leone, a young lady 
cf nineteen years and a graduate of the state normal school, class of 
1904; lima Isola, a member of the class of 1906 at the same institution; 
Marv Burtis, who is thirteen )ears of age and at home; a daughter who 
died in infancy: and George Cassius. who was born June 30, 1894. 

Tn 1882 Mr. Kennedy became the owner of eighty acres of land in 
London precinct, the purchase price being eleven hundred dollars, and 
two vears later, in 1884, he purchased an additional eighty acres. He 



436 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

has made all the many improvements now to be found on this place, 
including the good one-story residence and an orchard of seven acres. 
About one hundred acres of his place is planted with corn, yielding an 
average of forty bushels to the acre, and from fifty to sixty acres with 
wheat, with an average yield of about twenty-five bushels. In his 
pastures may be found a mixed herd of shorthorn and Hereford cat- 
tle. As the years have passed by Mr. Kennedy has been adding to his 
landed possessions, first purchasing forty acres and later eighty acres 
of the old Kennedy homestead, where he was taken when but four years 
of age. His own industry and enterprise have been the means of bring- 
ing to him the splendid success which he now enjoys, and he is numbered 
among the extensive agriculturists and stock-dealers of the county. 
In political matters he is an independent voter, and for two terms held 
the office of assessor. He was reared in the Methodist faith and is still 
a member of that denomination, while for a number of years he has been 
one of its trustees. Progressive and public-spirited in all his ideas, he 
lends his influence to all measures which he believes useful to the ma- 
jority, and at all times performs the part of an earnest and patriotic 
citi/en. 



STEPHEN WILKENSON KENNEDY. 

Stephen Wilkenson Kennedy, deceased, was for many years a 
Methodist Episcopal minister and a farmer, but during the last eleven 
years of his life lived retired at Auburn. He came to his farm in 
Nemaha county, Nebraska, from Buchanan county, Missouri, forty-si.x 
years ago, but his birth occurred near Dayton, Ohio, June 12, 1816, and 
the family is of Irish descent. His father, Stephen Kenned}^, was born 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 437 

in Georgia in 1784, and his death occurred in W'arren county, Indiana, 
in 1856. During the war of 181 2 he was drafted for service, but hired 
a substitute. He was six times married, his first wife being Mary 
McMann, a native of Georgia and a few years Iiis junior. Their mar- 
riage was celebrated in 1805 or 1806, and their first child was Elizabeth, 
Avlio became the wife of John Stephenson, and she reared our subject 
from the age of sixteen months, after his mother's death. The second 
child, John Kennedy, was born in 1808, and died at about the age of 
ninety years, in Highland, Kansas, where he was visiting his daughter. 
He was the father of two sons and a daughter. Andrew Kennedy, 
born in Montgomery county, Ohio, in 1812, died at Indianapolis, Indi- 
ana, of small-pox. For six years he was a member of Congress, and 
at the time of his death was the candidate for the office of governor, 
and would no doubt have been elected. He also was the father of two 
sons and a daughter. Stephen \\'ilkenson was the fourth child in order 
of birth. The mother of this family died in Ohio in 1818. By his 
second wife Mr. Kennedy had four children, by his third wife six and 
by his fourth, one. His sixth wife sur\ived him several years. 

Stephen \^'ilkenson Kennedy spent the early years of his life on 
the homestead farm, during which time he received a fair education in 
the neighboring schools. At the age of fourteen years he left home 
and went to Lafayette, Indiana, where he was bound out for four years 
to learn the blacksmith's trade, but at the expiration of two years' time, 
on account of failing health, he abandoned the occupation. In Tippe- 
canoe county, Indiana, on the 23rd of March, 1837. Mr. Kennedy was 
united in marriage to ^^liss Sarah Frogge, a native of that state, and 
they became the parents of four children, namely : Eliza Jane, the wife 
of B. F. Mclninch, a farmer of Nemaha county, and they have eight 
children, four sons and four daughters ; Mariam Alice, now the widow 



438 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

M. L. Gates, wlio resides in the house adjoining that of lier father, and 
she has five children; Charles H., a hotel proprietor in Broken Bow, 
Custer county, Nebraska, and the father of two sons and two daughters ; 
and the fourth and youngest child, a daughter, died at the age of four 
years. The mother of these childi'en died in Missouri, April 9, 1852, 
while the family were enroute from Indiana to that state, passing away 
at the age of thirty-three years. On the 6th of May, 1853, near Savan- 
nah, Missouri, Mr. Kennedy married Miss Eliza Ware, who was born 
in New Jersey, December 16, 1828, a daughter of Joseph A. and Lydia 
(Clutch) Ware, also natives of that commonwealth, where they were 
farming people. From that state they removed to Cleveland, Ohio, 
and seven years later to Wayne county, Indiana, Avhere they also 
remained for seven years, going thence to Andrew county, Missouri. 
During the Civil war they returned to Indiana, in 1862, to the home of 
Mrs. Rachel Gray. In 1879, he came to Mrs. Kennedy's, and later 
went to his daughter's, Mrs. George Crow's, where he died in Decem- 
ber, 1879. The mother survived him five years, dying at the home of 
her youngest son, I. C. Ware, in Greenleaf, Kansas, when eighty-five 
years of age. Her birth occurred in 1800. Seven children blessed the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy, namely : William Walter, who died 
when less than a year old; Sarah Ellen and George Sullivan, who died 
at the ages of two and four years, respectively, their deaths occurring 
from eating matches; Margaret Ann, the wife of David Edwards, of 
Oklahoma, and they have three living children; George L., whose sketch 
appears above ; Lydia Belle, the wife of Seymour Calvert, also of Okla- 
homa, and they have five children; and Lizzie Etta, the wife of Samuel 
Gilliland, of Oklahoma, and they have eight children. This worthy 
old couple became the grandparents of thirty grandchildren and sixteen 
great-grandchildren. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 439 

Mr. Kennedy was for many }'ears a local minister in the Methodist 
Episcopal church. He became a member of that denomination when 
eighteen years of age, was afterward made a class-leader, became an 
exhorter at the age of twenty-five years, and nearly fifty years ago 
entered the ministry in Nebraska. In political matters he was a Prohi- 
bitionist from the ranks of the Republican party, and for fourteen years 
served as a justice of the peace in Nemaha county, for seven years was 
a county commissioner and for many years served as a member of the 
school board. He was also a life-long farmer, and at the time of his 
death owned two farms, consisting of forty and eighty acres, and at one 
time was the owner of four hundred and eighty acres in three farms. 
He also owned two houses in Auburn in addition to his own comfortable 
cottage, which was erected in 1895. For eleven years Mr. Kennedy 
made his home in Auburn, living retired from the active cares of life, 
and there his death occurred in September, 1903. His widow still 
makes her home in that city, although she spends much of her time with 
her children here and in Oklahoma. 



EDWARD M. McCOMAS. 

Edward M. McComas, who is now living a retired life on his farm 
one and a half miles west of Brownville, was born in Greene county, 
Ohio, on the ist of December, 1826. The family is of Scotch origin, 
and is descended from four brothers who came from that country to 
America, one locating on the ]\Iaryland side of the Potomac, of which 
one our subject is a direct descendant, and three on the Virginia side. 
The maternal grandfather of Mr. R'lcComas, Edward Mitchell, died in 
Covington, Kentucky, when seventy-five years of age, ajid his wife 



440 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

passed awa}' at the age of eighty-six years. They were tlie parents 
of twelve children, the youngest of wliom, Airs. IMahala McFetridge, 
died in Madison, Indiana, in 1903, at the age of ninety-two years, and 
their oldest daughter died in Covington, Kentucky, in 1901. aged ninety- 
eight years. She bore the name of Arabella and became the wife of 
Richard Langdon, the proprietor and editor of a paper and a life-long 
and able journalist, our subject serving as his printer's devil. 

Daniel McComas, the father of Edward ]M., was born in jVIaryland 
in 1799, and died in Cincinnati. Ohio, of smallpox, at the age of thirty- 
three years. About 1823 he was united in marriage to Mary Ann 
Mitchell, a native of Pennsylvania, and at her husband's death she was 
left with five children. Our subject's eldest sister. Elizabeth, became 
the wife of ex-Governor Furnas, and died in Brownville in 1898, at 
the age of seventy-one years. One brother, Mortimer, was burned to 
death when eight years of age, when the house was destroyed by fire. 
The mother passed away in death in this city when eighty-two years 
of age. 

Edward M. INIcComas was privileged to attend the public schools 
only at intervals until his fifteenth year, at which time he entered the 
Western Military Institute at Georgetown, Iventucky, of which Bushrom 
R. Johnson was the principal and James G. Blaine the professor of mathe- 
matics and our subject's teacher, while General Buckner was his room- 
mate. After attending that institution for eighteen months Mr. Mc- 
Comas went to Miami county, Ohio, and entered a printing ofifice, where 
he helped set up Polk's message. For a year and a half he was also 
engaged in the jewelry and drug trade. In 1854, after his marriage, 
he removed to Kickapoo, Kansas, being accompanied by his wife and 
their one child, the family taking up their abode in the first house, a 
Cottonwood box structure, erected there, and in which one child was 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 441 

born to them. At that time there were only three houses in Leaven- 
worth, and Mr. IMcComas there purchased six lots for sixty dollars, 
selling tlie same eight months later for eleven hundred dollars. While 
residing in Kickapoo he was engaged in the drug trade and as a physi- 
cian. At one time he was pressed into the service, as surgeon, of the 
Kickapoo Rangers, in their night march on Lawrence. Thev arrived 
at the break of day. and a blue jay, hopping upon a limb, called out 
"too slick," when the brave warriors broke ranks and never stopped 
until they were safe within Kickapoo. On the 7th of April. 1856. Mr. 
McComas came from that place to Nemaha county, Nebraska, and in 
the following May brought his family here. They had witnessed the 
stirring times in Kansas prior to that time, and his drug store was once 
burned by the pro-slavery followers. \\'hen Mr. McComas came to 
this state he had but two hundred and fifty dollars in monev. and he 
first took a claim of one hundred and sixty acres one and a half miles 
northwest of Brownville. beginning work on the same on the 3d of 
^lay, 1856, and succeeded in placing forty acres under the plow, while 
during the months of July and August he also split rails and fenced his 
lanfl. A herd of cattle and a flood, however, completely devastated his 
property, and becoming discouraged with farm life here he abandoned 
his property and went to Nemaha cit)-, where he erected two houses and 
for three years was engaged in the purchase and sale of city property. 
He next went five miles southwest of Nemaha and pre-empted one 
hundred and sixty acres of land and also purchased the quarter section 
adjoining, his nearest neighbor at that time being a half-breed Indian 
five miles distant. Seven years later Mr. McComas sold his half section 
for twelve hundred and fifty dollars and removed to Brownville, where 
for the third time he embarked in the drug business, thus continuing 
with success for twenty-three years, on the expiration of which period 



442 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

he sold his store, and in 1888 went to CaHfornia, there spending eighteen 
months. During his residence in the Golden state, he was engaged in 
the drug business in Modesto, and lea\'ing his son Harry in charge 
returned to Brownville and resumed the same line of trade here. Two 
years later he again sold, and came to his present farm of one hundred and 
thirty-five acres, which he had purchased in 1868 for fifty dollars an 
acre. The old log cabin which stood upon the land at the time of 
purchase gave place to a two-story brick structure in 187 1. Mr. Mc- 
Comas has made a specialty of fruit-raising, peaches being his leadiiig 
crop, and for this fruit he received a premium in Boston and Richmond. 
In 1876 he sent a sample of his Talpahawkin apples to the United 
States fruit show at Boston, Massachusetts, and a facsimile of three 
of them are now to be found in the Smithsonian Institute at Washing- 
ton. At one time he owned ninety acres of orchard land, but sold forty 
acres for four thousand dollars to ex-Governor Furnas's son. 

In Troy, Ohio, on the 6th of July, 1B52, Mr. McComas was united 
in marriage to Miss Almira Wagner, who was born in Covington, 
.Miami county, that state, July 18, 1835, a daughter of M. S. and Anna 
(I'"outs) Wagner. Twelve children were born of this union, as fol- 
lows: Mortimer M., who is engaged in the sheep business near his 
father's farm; Robert, who was born in Kansas and died in California 
at the age of forty-two years; Anna, the wife of Oscar Cecil, of Cali- 
fornia, and they have three sons; Edward, who has been engaged in the 
drug business at Broken Bow, Nebraska, since 1884; Mary, employed 
in the telephone office at Auburn; Almira, wife of W. H. Rice, of 
Modesto, California; Harry, a druggist of Stockton, California; Nell, 
the wife of J. S. Squires, of Broken Bow, Nebraska; Nine, a farmer 
of that place; Louis, who died at the age of two years; Helen G., em- 
ployed as a saleslady in Modesto, California; and Louise, the wife of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



443 



J. D. Curtis, on the old farm near Stella. In his fraternal relations 
Mr. McComas is a member of the order of Odd Fellows, and in politi- 
cal matters is a gold-standard Democrat. On its ticket he was a can- 
didate for the office of probate judge, overcoming a Republican major- 
ity of three hundred and fifty and was elected by eleven votes, while 
at the succeeding election, two years later, he was placed in office by 
eight hundred votes. Mrs. McComas is a worthy member of the Bap- 
tist church. 



MORTIMER M. McCOMAS. 

Mortimer M. McComas, one of the leading stock farmers of Nemaha 
county, was born in Ohio, but when two years of age was brought to 
this state by his father, Edward McComas, the pioneer physician and 
druggist of Brownville, and whose history appears above. On the 
29th of March, 1882, Mr. McComas was united in marriage to Miss 
Minnie Howard, who was born in Woodford county, Illinois, on the 
6th of December, 1859, a daughter of Sylvester and Rachel (Patton) 
Howard, the former of whom was born in Greene county, near Jackson- 
ville, Illinois, in March, 1833, and the latter a native of Kentucky. 
They were farming people, and reared two of their four children, the bro- 
ther of Mrs. McComas being Albert, an agriculturist of Oklahoma and the 
father of five living children. The mother died at the early age of 
twenty-five years, when Mrs. INIcComas was only four years old, and 
she was reared in the home of her grandparents at Chenoa, Livingston 
county, Illinois. She was married at the age of twenty-one years, on 
the golden wedding anniversary of her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. 
McComas being the same age as her grandparents were at the time of 



444 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

their marriage. This young couple met for the first time at Brownville, 
where she was \isiting, their marriage Ijeing celebrated two years 
afterward, and they first located on his farm of forty acres, now the 
property of SherifT Lawrence. Selling that farm, Mr. AlcComas went 
to Cherryvale, Kansas, where for three years he was .engaged in the 
grocery business, and for a time thereafter was engaged in the same 
occupation in Blufif City, that state. Returning thence to Xemaha 
county, in February, 1894, he purchased his present farm of one hundred 
and twenty acres from Charles Butler, one of the early settlers of this 
locality, where he homesteaded a cjuarter section of school land and 
made many improvements thereon, including the large, two-story, 
brick residence which now adorns the place. On this fertile and well 
improved farm Mr. McComas is n(jw extensively engaged in the stock 
business. 

The children born to Mr. and Mrs. McComas are as follows : How- 
ard, who was bom in 1883, and is now assisting his father and attending 
school; Hila, perfecting herself in piano music: Clarence, a freshman 
in the state normal at Peru; Helen, who died in infancy; Earl, who died 
at the age of nineteen months ; Leonard, a bright little lad of ten years ; 
Nina, eight years of age; and Edward, a beautiful bov of four years. 
Mr. McComas gives his pelitical support to the Democracy, and both 
he and his wife are members of the Baptist church. 



WILLIAM HENRY BARKER. 

William Henry Barker, who has the monopoly of the blacksmith 
and wagon-making business in Nemaha, where he has been successfully 
established for two years, has been engaged in this honorable occupa- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



445 



tion for o\-ei- fifteen years, and \vl:ere\'er lie lias been located he has 
gained a reputation for thorough workmanship and efficiency and skill. 
He is also a good business man, a worthy and public-spirited citizen 
of his adopted town, and a man of integrit\- and honor in every relation 
of life. 

Mr. Barker claims the honor of being a native son of the state of 
Nebraska, having been born in Richardson county, j\Iarch 20, 1864. 
His grandfather. William Barker, was a Missouri farmer during the 
early history of that state, and in 1861 moved to Richardson county, 
Nebraska. He was well-to-do at the time, and bought lands of the 
Indians. He died in Richardson county when about seventy-nine years 
old, leaving a small estate. He reared ten children, five sons and five 
daughters, and all had families of from five to eight children. 

Elias Barker, the father of \\'illiam H. Barker, was Ixjrn in Mis- 
souri in September, 1827, and is now living in his seventy-seventh year. 
He has been a stonemason by trade, and still owns his farm in Richard- 
son county, where he lives with his daughter. He married Sarah J. 
Hintsley, of Missouri, and she died in Richardson county, in 1882, 
at the age of forty-inne years. They were the parents of five children : 
James Thomas, who is a farmer in Washington state and has five chil- 
dren : ]\Iary Susan, who is the wife of Harvey Hall, of Richardson 
county, and has six children ; Calvin Preston, a farmer in Nemaha 
county, and the father of three children: A\"illiam H. : and Charles 
Franklin, who is a farmer at Blackbird. Xebra.ska, and is a widower 
with two children. 

William Henry Barker had a meager schooling up to the age of 
fifteen \ears, and has been dependent on his own resources ever since. 
He learned the blacksmith trade and engaged in the work in Richard- 
son county in 1887, and he had followed it in Stella and Shubert before 



446 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

taking up liis location in Nemaha in 1901, where he has since gained a 
very satisfactorj^ and substantia! patronage. When he came here he 
bought out the shop of Charles Lindsey, and now has the only estab- 
lishment of the kind in the town. He also owns his 'Own home, and is 
popular among the citizens. He is a Republican voter, and his wife is 
a member of the Christian church. 

Mr. Barker was married at the age of twenty years, on December 
10, 1884, to Miss Sarah N. Hamilton, who was born in Missouri in 
1865, a daughter of David and Martha (Hinton) Hamilton, who were 
residents of IMissouri. Mr. and Mrs. Barker have lost three children 
and ha\-e three living, as follows : Martha Ethel, who died at the age of 
two years; Everett and Gordon, twin sons, who died at the respective 
ages of five and eight months; Cleon Murle. who is twelve years old; 
Elva Stuart, aged eight years; and Edith, six years old. 



H. J. WETMORE, D. D. S. 

H. J. ^^'etmore, a leading dentist of Wymore, Gage county, Nebraska, 
located in this state in 1889. He graduated from the Western Dental 
College of Kansas City, Missouri, in 1899. He first studied dentistry 
in Kansas, where he received a permit to practice in the state, having 
successfully passed the dental examination given by the state board of 
dentistry. Dr. Wetmore is very progressive in his profession and under- 
stands thoroughly high-class work of all kinds. He makes a specialty 
of crown and bridge work. 

Dr. Wetmore was born in Oneida, Kansas, in 1876, and is a son 
of George A. Wetmore, one of the early settlers of that state, who was 
born in New York and later located in Illinois, whence he emigrated 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 447 

to Kansas. Tlie maiden name of the mother was Cornelia \\'ikoff, and 
four cliildren ^\■ere born to the parents. 

Dr. \\'etmore was reared in Nemaha county, where he received 
rtn excellent literary education in the common and high schools. He 
began the study of dentistry at the age of seventeen, after which he 
devoted all of his time to his profession. He was married in Novem- 
ber. 1899, to Maude Ford, a lady of culture, the accomplished daugh- 
ter of J. H. H. Ford, of Seneca. Dr. Wetmore occupies beautifully 
appointed offices, and his instruments and appliances are of the best. 
He keeps thoroughly abreast of all improvements and discoveries antl 
is rightly regarded as a leader of his profession. 

Fraternally he is a member of the Masonic lodge of \\'}-more 
and is very popular in that organization. Both he and Mrs. \\'etmore 
are important factors in the city and have a large number of friends. 



L. R. FRFfZ, D. D. S. 

L. R. Fritz, D. D. S., of Wymore, Gage county, Nebraska, is 
one of the successful dentists of that city, and is a graduate of the 
Kansas City Dental College, class of 190.2, when he received honors 
with his degree of D. D. S. 

Dr. Fritz is a native of DeKalb county, Illinois, where he was 
born Mav 2T,. j88o, a son of Dr. Benjamin Fritz, a popular and well 
known dentist of Blue Springs, Nebraska, wdiere he has been located 
for the past twenty-three years. Dr. Benjamin Fritz is one of the 
pioneers in his profession in this portion of Nebraska. Dr. L. R. Fritz 
was only one year of age when his father removed to Blue Springs, 
and he received his earlv education in the district schools of that locality. 



448 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

He was one in a family of four children born to his parents, but the 
others are deceased. 

From childhood, Dr. Fritz showed an aptitude for his profession, 
and although young in years, and in practice, he has already built up 
an enviable list of patients, and his finely appointed offices afford every 
convenience for his work. The prospect before this enterprising and 
gifted young dentist is a very promising one, and he holds the good 
will of all who have the pleasure of his acquaintance. 



ELWARD K. LEGATE. 

Elward K. Legate, ex-commander of Coleman Post, No. 115, 
G. A. R., of Wymore, Nebraska, is one of the well known residents of 
that section of country and a prominent veteran of the Civil war. His 
enlistment took place at Alta, Illinois, December 18, 1864, in Company 
B, Que Hundred and Forty-fourth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and he 
served until the close of the war, under Colonel Hall and Captain Mel- 
vin. Soon after his enlistment the regiment was sent to Rock Island. 
and later was taken into the western army. 

The birth of Elward K. Legate occurred in Reynolds county, 
Missouri, September 12, 1846, and he is a son of Henry Legate. The 
Legate family has long been noted for its patriotic spirit, for beginning 
with the grandfather, who was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, 
Samuel Legate served in the war of 1812, a brother of his in the Mex- 
ican war, and the sons of all the branches were in the Ci\'il war. Henry 
Legate remo\-ed to Illinois when a young man and was married in Jack- 
son county that state to Mary Skidmore. The death of Henry occurred 
in 1868. He was a consistent Methodist in his religious faith and 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 449 

a very strong Republican in politics. His widow survives and makes 
her home in Arkansas, aged seventy-eight years. Eleven children were 
born to this worthy couple, namely : E. K. ; James ; Samuel ; Nancy ; 
Elijah; George; Mary; Emily; J. Benjamin; and two who died in 
infancy. 

The early life of j\Ir. Legate was spent upon his father's farm, 
then followed by his war experience and after he returned to Illinois 
he decided to make a home for himself in new territory, so he removed 
to Missouri, and finally, in 1884, selected Gage county, Nebraska, as 
his abiding place. For some time after his settlement in the last named 
place, he was confined in the hospital as a result of the exposure ami 
hardship of his army life, but he recovered and began his new life. In 
1868, while living in Illinois, he was married to Nancy Lewellen, born 
in Coles county, Illinois. She is a daughter of Edward Lewellen, who 
was a soldier during the Civil war, and died in Marshall county, Kansar, 
at the age of eighty years. His widow lives in Texas, aged seventy- 
eight years. There were four children born in the family to which. 
Mrs. Legate belongs, namely: Edmund, Nancy, Joseph and Lawrence. 

Mr. and Mrs. Legate have six children, viz. : Lewis, a railroad 
man; Charles, of Seattle; Rnnna Starks, of Seattle; Henry; Edward 
and Lenney. Both Mr. and Mrs. Legate are members of the Knigl;ts 
and Ladies of Honor, and in religious belief they are IMethodists. Mr. 
Legate has been prominent in G. A. R. work for many years, and is 
ex-commander of the post at Wymore. 



4SO SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

WILLIAM W. SANDERS. 

William ^V. Sanders, postmaster and editor of the Nebraska Adver- 
tiser, at Nemaha City, is a native son of Nemaha county, and since 
reaching maturity has been one of the useful members of society in pro- 
moting the best interests of material, intellectual and moral affairs. 
He has enjoyed a long career as newspaper man, beginning with his 
service as devil, so that he understands the business from the ground 
up, and is especially familiar with conditions affecting journalistic 
growth in this part of the state. Besides the ^^■ork to which he has 
devoted the best years of his life, he has been public-spirited, and has 
held many offices of various kinds where he could be of service. 

]\Ir. Sanders was born in Nemaha county, Nebraska, September 
20, 1857. His grandfather, Benjamin Sanders, was -a physician of 
Indiana, where he settled in the early days, and he died in Shelby 
county of that state when past eighty years old. He had eight children, 
and the three daughters married, and the four sons that grew to maturity 
had families of from eight to nine children. Two of the sons died in 
Shelby county, Indiana, in the seventies, and two of them came to Ne- 
braska. D. C. Sanders came in 1855, and taught the first school in 
Nemaha City, was in the legislature many terms, and at his death was 
county commissioner. He lost most of his children. 

Thomas N. Sanders, the other son who came to Nebraska, was 
born in Shelby county, Indiana, February 16, 1832, and died at Brown- 
ville, this county, December 28, 1885. He came to Nebraska in 1856, 
driving from Illinois, and bringing his wife and their first child. He 
took a pre-emption of one hundred and sixty acres, and began life in 
very primitive style, in a dug-out wdiich still remains in London pre- 
cinct. He lived there three years, and the honored editor of the Adver- 
tiser first opened his eyes within that humble dwelling. He followed 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 451 

farming for many years, but later in life devoted his attention to horti- 
culture. He and R. W. Furnas in 1857 established the first nursery 
in this county. Thomas N. Sanders and wife reared seven of their 
eight children. George N., the oldest, is a farmer in London precinct 
and has five children; William W ., second in line of birth; Albert Arthur 
died unmarried at the age of twenty; Edward E. is at Spickard, Mis- 
souri, an editor and publisher, and has five children ; John G. is an 
editor and printer at Aberdeen, South Dakota, and has one son; Clytie, 
the only daughter, died when five years old; Carl E., unmarrietl and liv- 
ing with his mother, has a fruit farm of forty acres in London precinct 
and is also a teacher there. 

William \\ . Sanders had limited schooling in the district and 
at Brownville, and at fourteen became printer's devil on the Brown- 
\-ille Democrat, now the Granger. He was a compositor there for four 
years, then foreman for four years, and in the fall of 1880 came to 
Nemaha city and bought the Nemaha Times, which had been established 
the preceding spring by his brother Ben F. He ran this for four years, 
and then went to Auburn and bought the Advertiser, selling out the 
Times in the spring of 1885 to G. W. Fairbrother and Son. He re- 
tained the Advertiser in Auburn for three years, but in the fall of 1887 
moved it to Nemaha city, where he has contiiuied as its enterprising 
head ever since. 

Mr. Sanders is a Republican in politics, and was ajjpointed to the 
office of postmaster in June, 1903. He has serxed as village trustee, 
member of the school board, was census enumerator in 1900; he is a 
Master ALason, being secretary of Hope L(xlge No. 29, in Nemaha 
citv, is secretary of the lodge of the [Modern \\'nodmen of America and 
of the Royal Achates, and is a member of ^Modern Woodmen and East- 
ern Star. He has been located in his own honie for eleven years, and he 



452 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

also owns the printing office and a fruit farm in London precinct. He 
has been secretary of the Old Settlers' Society for ten years, and not- 
withstanding the fact that he is still a young man he feels perfectly at 
home among the old-timers, many of whom did not reach the state until 
after he had become one of its first native sons. 

Mr. Sanders uas married December 5, 1881, to Miss Alice Berger, 
a daughter of J. B. and Rebecca Rossell Berger, the former of New 
Jersey and the latter of Pennsylvania, and they came to Nebraska in 
1857 before they were married. Mr. and ]\Irs. Sanders have two 
children. William T., born November 29, 1882, in this city, graduated 
from the Nemaha high school and is now a printer in the office with 
his father; Nellie R. has been keeping house at home since her mother's 
death, on August 8, 1901. Mrs. Sanders was forty-two years old, and 
her twenty years of married life had. been most happy and useful. She 
was devoted to the welfare of her family, an untiring worker, and was 
popular with all. She and her husband were members of the Methodist 
church before their marriage, and she was interested in the work of 
the church and Sunday-school, having a large class of forty-two young 
men and women, which has grown from a class of five. The church 
was organized in 1882, and Mr. and Mrs. Sanders were among the 
leading spirits in the enterprise, and may be said to have been its 
founders. He has held all the official positions of the layman, having 
been lay delegate to the conference three times and superintendent of 
the Sunday-school for several years. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 453 

WILLIAM WARREN SMITH. 

William Warren Smith, one of the oldest ami best known farmers 
of Nemaha county, residing in Peru precinct on a rural delivery route 
from Peru, is an old and prominent pioneer of this part of the state. 
He made his arrival in Brownville, April 7, 1857, ten years before 
Nebraska became a state and only three years after the organization 
of the territory, so that the political history and the entire record of 
progress and agricultural and industrial de\-elopment are known to him 
from his own personal participation therein. During- the subsecjuent 
period of forty-five or more years he has been acti\'e in his own behalf 
in reaping the fruits of the soil and making a home for self and family, 
and he has won a deserved reputation among all his friends and associ- 
ates as a man of industry, integrity, fair and square dealing in all 
business transactions, and high personal wortli. 

Mr. Smith was born in Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, December 
15, 1826, and it was from that state and covmty that he made the begin- 
ning of his journey to Nebraska. His grandfather Smith, a descendant 
of a sturdy Pilgrim who came over in the Mayflower, was of English 
ancestry, while his wife was Scotch, and they reared six children, Ben- 
jamin, Erastus, Thomas, Hannah, Delia Ann and George, all of whom 
had families, and all died in Pennsylvania except George, who went to 
old Mexico, where he died when seventy years old. Thomas was killed 
during the Civil war by a car running over him. He was in the govern- 
ment service. 

Benjamin Smith, the father of William W. Smith, was born in 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, in 1798, and died in that county in 1873. 
He was a carpenter, but lived on and tended a farm. He was married 
about 1820 to Lydia Gardner, who was about three years his junior, 
and her father, Richard Gardner, was of New England ancestry, was a 



454 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

farmer during his active life, and at the age of thirteen was one of the 
children confined within the Forty Fort during the Wyoming valley 
massacre. Lydia Smith died in 1831 in the prime of her life, having 
■been the mother of five children, namely: Deodat Smith, a molder by 
trade, was in the foundry business in Pennsylvania and later farmed, 
and died in 1880, leaving four children by his first wife. Lizzie died 
at the age of seven years, before her mother's death. \\'illiam: W. 
Smith is the third of the family, and the only one of them all now 
living. Jane, the wife of James Caswell, died in 1876, leaving seven 
children. Richard Byron Smith, born in Luzerne county, was a machin- 
ist, and came to IMissouri in 1857, but being too loyal to the LTnion 
to live in that state, he moved to Peru, Nebraska, in 1862, setting up a 
blacksmith shop, and liyed there until 1901. when he moved to Auburn 
and died the same year, leaving five children, one son and four daugh- 
ters, having lost three. The father of this family was again married, 
but had no children by his second wife. 

Mr. Smith was feared to the life of a farmer, and grew accustomed 
to hard toil from an early year. His schooling was received in a log 
schoolhouse, with all its rough furnishings of a pioneer past. He re- 
mained at home until 1842, and then was in the pineries of Wisconsin 
for one winter and for a like period in Henry, Marshall county, Illinois, 
and was also engaged in lumber-rafting from Wisconsin to St. Louis. 
He returned to Pennsylvania in 1850, was married and re- 
mained in that state until he made his final and permanent removal 
to Nebraska at the time above mentioned. H'e still owns eighty acres 
of the first pre-emption which he made on arriving here, and he also 
owned another eighty on the Nemaha river, but in 1865 gave that to the 
Peru College, in which three of his children have since been students. 
He has been a prominent and influential man in his community and for 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



455 



fifteen years has served on the school board of his district, and has been 
often chosen as road overseer. He voted the RepubHcan ticket from 
almost the inception of that party until a few years ago when he went 
over to the Populists. He lias been a member of the IMethodist church 
since 1S63, and his wife was an officer in that church. 

April I, 1850, Mr. Smith was married to Miss CaroHne Whitman, 
who was born in Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, in 1829, a daughter of 
George Whitman. Eleven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Smith, 
as follows: Flora A., born in Pennsylvania in 185 1, is the wife of A. 
Denning, mentioned below, of Plainfield, Wisconsin, and has six chil- 
dren living of the seven born to them; Margaret, born in Pennsylvania, 
d'ed there at the age of six months; Mary, born in Pennsylvania, died 
in Nebraska at the age of two years; H. B., born on the present home 
farm July 24, 1857, is a farmer of Crystal Springs, Ohio, and has a 
wife and three children; Keturah A. is the wife of Jerome Price, of 
Legrande, Oregon, and has two sons and one daughter ; Elmer Elsworth 
died at the age of three years; William died at the age of eighteen 
months; Gertrude, born in Peru. May 24, 1868, died March 4, 1871 ; 
Maud, the wife of John McNown, of Legrande, Oregon, has three chil- 
dren; Charles, a painter and paper-hanger of Peru, has one son and one 
daughter; and Bessie is the wife of Lewis Pierce, on the home farm, and 
has two sons. The beloved mother of this family died at her home in 
this county in 1893, and since that time ^Ir. Smith's daughters have 
kept house for him. 

Alvin Denning, who married Flora A. Smith, was born in Harrison 
county, Ohio, January 19, 1847, '^^''^s reared in humble circumstances, 
and in 1870 came to Brownville, Nebraska. He spent eighteen months 
of the years 1884-85 in Kansas, and since 1899 has been a resident of 
Wisconsin. He was a soldier of the Civil war, entering Company G, 



456 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Twelfth Ohio Cavair}', at Cleveland, and served from 1863 to Novem- 
ber, 1865, being still but a boy in his teens at the time of his discharge. 
He was confined for some time in the hospital at Camp Denison, Ohio, 
with liver trouble and deafness, and now draws a pension of twelve dol- 
lars a month for the permanent disabilities received during his loyal 
service to the government. 



GUS GR.^FF. 

Gus Graff, mayor of Wymore, Nebraska, is one of the best known 
and most popular men of the city and of Gage county and has lived in 
this state for over forty years. He is a member of the Graff Implement 
Company, dealers in agricultural implements and carriages, which does 
a business of fifty thousand dollars per year. They carry a large line 
of goods in their several departments, including the Deering harvesters 
and all kinds of tools connected with farming. The business was estab- 
lished twenty years ago, and the firm has gained the confidence of all 
wRo have business relations with them. 

The Hon. Mr. Graff was born Noverber 27, 1858, at Lyons, Iowa. 
He is a son of Joseph Graff, who died in December, 1897, an early settler 
and pioneer of Nebraska. Joseph Graff was the first German settler in 
Gage county, and came from Lyons, Iowa, in company with his father-in- 
law, Philip Myers. They came here with only one ox team, a cow and a 
few household effects. From this small beginning Joseph became the 
owner of nine hundred and sixty acres of land and a very wealthy man. 
His wife was named Tressa Myers, and she died at the age of fifty-eight 
years. Both were consistent members of the Catholic church. Their 
children were as follows: Henry; Philip.who lives on the old home- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 457 

stead; Gus; Carrie, deceased; Lewis, a lumber mercliant of Beatrice; 
George, who died in 1891, leaving a widow and one son; John, deceased; 
Otto, who died at the age of seven 3-ears ; and Fred, of Beatrice. 

Henry Graff, brother of Gus, married, in 1885, Susie Myers, and 
she bore him four children : Clarence and Hazel, now living, and two 
deceased. Gus Graff married Anna Myers, and has three children, 
namely: Adolph, LeRoy and Gussie. IMrs. Gus Graff was born in Alil- 
waukee, and is a daughter of Valentine IMyers, who died in i8qi. 

The political opinions of Mr. Gus Graff make him a Republican, 
and he has been very active in the workings of his party. At various 
times he has served as delegate to city, county and state conventions, 
and he is now serving his third term as mayor of Wymore. Under his 
administration the city has had a clean, honest, business-like government. 
Henry Graff at one time occupied the same position of prominence at 
Blue Springs, Nebraska. Fraternally Mr. Gus Graff is a member of the 
Knights of Pythias, the Elks, the Woodmen, Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, blue lodge and chapter of the Masonic order, and he is very 
popular in all of these organizations. In manner he is cordial and genial, 
and makes and retains friends. He has prospered and understands how 
to make a well earned success, useful, not only to himself but also to 
others, and his associates appreciating this fact, have honored him for 
his remarkable ability. 



458 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

JAMES K. -GOIN. 

For over a third of a century this gentleman has made his home 
in Gage county, Nebraska, and he has aided materally in the growth 
and development of Island Grove township, which is his place of resi- 
dence. He was born in Claiborne county, Tennessee, on the loth of 
April, 1845, ^"d belongs to an old southern family of English and 
Scotch extraction that was founded in Tennessee at an early day in its 
history. His grandfather, Levi Goin, was a native of Virginia, but tlie 
greater part of his life was passed in Tennessee, where Sterling Goin, 
our subject's father, was born in 1818. There the latter grew to man- 
hood and married Miss Mary Keck, also a native of Tennessee, by whom 
he had sixteen children, fifteen of the number reaching mature years, 
namely: John, James K., Philip, Levi, Jasper, William, Howard, Proc- 
tor, Anna, Rachel, Rebecca, Sarah, Charity, Catherine and Mary. After 
the death of the mother the father married again, and by his second 
union had two children, one of whom is now deceased. He has been 
a third iime married, and has three children by that union. Throughout 
his active life he has followed farming and is still living m Tennessee 
at the age of eighty-five years. He is a faithful member of the Baptist 
church and is a supporter of the Republican party. He was a strong 
Union man during the Civil war and suffered much at the hands of the 
rebels, who took his grain and stock. 

James K. Goin was reared in much the usual manner of farmer 
boys of his day, and early became familiar with all the duties which fall 
to the lot of the agriculturist. His education was acquired in the com- 
mon schools of his native state. When the country became involved in 
Civil war he resolved to strike a blow in defense of the Union cause 
and on the first of May, 1863, at Crab Orchard, Kentucky, he enlisted 
in the First Tennessee Light Artillery, under the command of Captain 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 459 

Beebe and Colonel Crawford. He took part in the Ijattle of Russellville, 
Kentucky ; Loudon, Tennessee ; and Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, being 
stationed at the latter place for some time. When hostilities had ceased, 
he was honorably discharged at Nashville on the 20th of July, 1865. . 

At the age of twenty-one years Mr. Coin led to the marriage altar 
Miss Elizal^eth Ann McVe^y, who was also born, reared and educated in 
Claiborne county, Tennessee, and their union has been blessed by eleven 
children, those still living being Josephine, Lewis, Philip, Margaret A., 
Eli, Delia, Nellie, Lulu and Etliel. Levi and Maud are both deceased. 

In 1869 !\Ir. Goin brought his family to Nebraska and settled on a 
farm west of Liberty in Gage county. In 1882 he purchased one hundred 
and sixty acres of rich bottom land, which he has converted into a fine 
farm. ha\'ing erected thereon a good comfortable residence at a cost of 
fourteen hundred dollars and a barn at a cost of eight hundred. He has 
an orchard and grove upon his place, and a stream of running water adds 
to its beauty. Like his father Mr. Goin is unswerving in his allegiance 
to the Republican party and its principles, and he is an active church 
worker, serving as deacon of the Goodhope Baptist church, to which 
he belongs. His support is never withheld from any enterprise which he 
believes calculated to promote the moral, educational or social welfare 
of the community in which he lives, and he is recognized as a valued 
and useful citizen. 



GREENVILLE G. SHANNON. 
Prominent among the honored pioneers and representative citizens 
of Gage county, Nebraska, is numbered Greenville G. Shannon, whose 
home is in Island Grove township. He came here in territorial days and 
since 1857 has been identified with the interests of the state. 



46o SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Mr. Shannon was born in Giles county, Virginia, on the 9th of 
June, 1828, and comes of a good old family of that state. His paternal 
grandfather was Samuel B. Shannon, who was a native of Burkes 
Garden of the Old Dominion, and was of Irish extraction. Our sub- 
ject's father, Thomas R. Shannon, was also born in Giles county and 
in early manhood married Sally Allen, a native of the same state. In 
1833 they remo\ed to Hendricks county, Indiana, settling thirty miles 
west of Indianapolis, and in i860 came to Pawnee county, Nebraska, 
where the father, who was a farmer by occupation, died, at the age of 
sixty-six years, and the mother departed this life at the age of seventy- 
five. They held membership in the Methodist church and had the re- 
spect and confidence of all who knew them. In politics the father was 
first a Whig and later a Republican. He had five sons : Greenville G. ; 
\\^illiam, who was a member of the Home Guards of Nebraska during 
the Civil war: Thon-tas, who was a member of the Second Nebraska 
Cavalry and is now a well known hotel man of Pawnee city; and Milton, 
who also served in the Second Nebraska Cavalry and is now living in 
Ottawa county, Kansas. 

Mr. Shannon was only about five years old when he accompanied his 
parents on tlieir removal to Indiana, where he was reared to habits of 
industry,- his educational privileges being limited. In 1857 he came to 
the territory of Nebraska and first located in Pawnee county, where he 
was living at the time of the rebellion. With two of his brothers he en- 
listed in the Second Nebraska Cavalry, under Colonel Furnas, and this 
regiment made for itself a gallant record in fighting the hostile Indians in 
the northwest. They were rough riders and undobutedly had to en- 
dure more hardships on the plains than those fighting in the south. For 
a time they were stationed at Omaha and later at North Platte and Sioux 
City, Iowa. They participated in the engagement at Big White Stone 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 461 

Hills, Dakota, where eight hundred Indians were either killed or taken 
prisoners in battle. Many of these red men had been engaged in the 
massacre of the white settlers at New Ulm. Milton Shannon, a brother 
of Greenville, was wounded in this battle and lay for some time on the 
battlefield with a buffalo robe over him. The Indians killed all the 
wounded that fell into their hands and would have killed and scalped him 
had he been found. Our subject contracted typhoid fever and a chronic 
disease, which confined him in a hospital for some time, and he also lost 
his eyesigh, so that he is now blind. He thus made a great sacrifice for 
his country and the debt of gratitude which it owes to him can never be 
repaid. At the close of the war he received an honorable discharge at 
Nemaha, Nebraska, and returned to his home in Pawnee county. There 
he continued to reside until 1879, when he removed to Gage county, and 
here he has since made his home. 

,A't the age of twenty-five years Mr. Shannon was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Anna Huff, a native-of Indiana and a daughter of Eldred 
Huff, who was a prominent man of his community and served as county 
surveyor in Indiana for twenty years. Mrs. Shannon died in Sidney, 
Indiana, leaving two children, Sally and Julia. Mr. Shannon was again 
married in 1868, his second union being with Mrs. Esther (Sharp) 
Lyons, who was born in Claiborne county, Tennessee, of which state 
her parents were life-long residents. She had three brothers who were 
soldiers of the Civil war, these being Kirk, Greenville and Elihu Sharp. 
Her parents were George and Agnes Sharp. Mrs. Shannon was first 
married to Washington Lyons, who was also among the defenders of 
the Union during the dark days of the rebellion and was held a prisoner 
at Belle Isle for nine months. He died at the early age of twenty-seven 
years, leaving three children : Canada ; Wylie W. and Scott Lyons. By 
his second marriage Mr. Shannon has three children : Thomas, a resident 



462 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

of Island Grove township; Mary, wife of James Call, a resident of 
Gage county, by whom she has two children, Elsie Esther and Delia 
Agnes; Hazle, a resident of Liberty, Nebraska. 

Mr. Shannon never wavers in his allegiance to the Republican party, 
for whose principles he fought during the Civil war. He joined the party 
on its organization and has supported all of its presidential candidates 
from General Fremont down to William McKinley. Fraternally he 
is connected with the Grand Army of the Republic, and in years of peace, 
no less than those of war, he has bravely performed his duty to his 
country and is justly entitled to a place on the nation's roll of honor. 



HARRISON REED. 

Harrison Reed, better known throughout Nemaha county, Nebras- 
ka, as "Uncle Dick Reed," is one of the most interesting personalities 
and old-timers of the southeastern part of the state. He is passing the 
days of an unusually long and useful life in easy retirement on a farm 
in Glen Rock precinct, on rui-al route No. i from Auburn. On June i, 
1857, M''- ^^^"^ made a picturesque arrival in the town of Peru, although 
it was at that time an event of common occurrence. Driving two yoke of 
oxen to a prairie schooner, in which were his household goods and his 
family, and with some five cows, he made his advent to this place as 
the goal of a journey which had consumed from the 5th of April, and was 
unusually slow and toilsome on account of the stonny and backward 
spring. His initial starting point for the westward pilgrimage was Sulli- 
van county, Indiana, which he had left in the spring of 1856. On his 
arrival in Benton county, Iowa, he remained until the following spring, 
and then resumed his journey until reaching the territory of Nebraska. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 463 

During the forty-seven years that have since elapsed he has proved him- 
self an individual of usefulness and influence in his community, and 
his assistance has more than once been rendered in the development and 
upbilding of this part of the country, through the period of its territorial 
growth and settlement and from the time of its birth into the sisterhood 
of states until it is now ranked as one of the full-grown and most pros- 
perous commonwealths of the Union. He began his career in this state 
in limited circumstances, having on his arrival some four hundred dollars 
which he and his noble wife had managed by strict economy to save, 
and with this as a basis he gained a gratifying degree of prosperity before 
reaching the days of retirement from active labor. 

Uncle Dick Reed was born September 17, 1822, so that he is now 
an octogenarian and one of the oldest citizens of the county. When 
twenty-six years old, on February 6, 1848, he married the widow Gil- 
bert, nee Sarah Jane Huntsman, who was born in Kentucky, July 16, 
1820. She died August 15, 1889, having been the mother of eight 
children, as follows: Sylvia, born in Indiana in 1849, died at the age of 
five; Sylvester, born in Indiana in October, 1850, resides in Auburn and 
has one son and two daughters ; Sarah Jane died in Indiana at the age of 
two years; Nancy> born in Indiana, is now Mrs. Gillilan, of Custer 
City, Oklahoma, and has eight children living; one daughter died in in- 
fancy; the next children were twins, a son and a daughter, and the former 
died in infancy and the latter when two years old. 

William Reed, the eighth and youngest child of Harrison Reed, 
is now farming the home place of one hundred and sixty acres, and is a 
very prosperous and enterprising agriculturist and well known and popu- 
lar throughout the community. November 16, 1893, he married Miss 
Ida Head, who was born in Jasper county, Iowa, May 8, 1867, a 
daughter of Biggar John and Eliza (Dixon) Head, the former born in 



464 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Highland county, Ohio, in 1813, and the latter a native of Ross county, 
Ohio. Her parents were married in 1844, and in 1855 came to Jasper 
county, Iowa, settling twenty-two miles east of Des Moines and one 
mile east of Prairie City, which was named by Biggar John 'Head. The 
latter paid five dollars an acre for a half section there, and this in 1871 
he sold for forty-seven dollars and fifty cents an acre. He then moved 
to Nodaway county, Missouri, where he died in 1888, leaving all his 
eight children, of whom five are still living. His wife also died in Mis- 
souri, in 1878. Mrs. William Reed came to Nemaha county from Mis- 
souri in the spring of 1889, in company with a brother and a sister, the 
former being William Head, of Auburn, and the latter Irene Bozer, 
now at the Reed homestead. Mr. and Mrs. Reed have one daughter, 
Sylvia, a bright girl of eight years, who is a natural student and doing 
nicely in school. Mr. Reed owns an eighty acre tract about a mile from 
the home place, and is constantly making progress in his farming opera- 
tions and other business matters. He is a Democrat in politics, but 
usually votes for the man rather than the party. 



JACKSON MAXWELL. 

Jackson Maxwell is not only one of the leading citizens of Island 
Grove township. Gage county, Nebraska, but he is also an honored veter- 
an of the Civil war, having devoted the opening years of his manhood 
to the defense of the country. He is a native of Indiana, born in Mor- 
gan county, that state, on the 27th of July, 1842, and is a son of William 
and Lettie (Manley) Maxwell, who were natives of Pennsylvania 
and Indiana, respectively. On the paternal side he is of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry. His grandfather, James Maxwell, was a soldier of the English 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 465 

army. The maternal grandfather was John R. Manley, a pioneer of 
Indiana. From that state the parents of our subject started westward 
wfth tlie view of locating in Iowa, but the father died near Bloomington, 
Illinois, when en route. His widow and children proceeded on their way, 
and the mother is still living near Braddyville, Page county, Iowa, at the 
ripe old ag'e of eight-one years. She is an earnest member of the Metho- 
dist church, to which her husband also belonged, and in politics he was 
a Democrat. He made farming his principal occupation throughout 
life. The children of the family are Jackson, J. D., John M., George W., 
William R. and J. T. 

Jackson Maxwell grew to manhood on a farm near Albia in Monroe 
count}', Iowa, and, being the oldest of the family, he was of great assis- 
tance to his mother after the father's death in canying on the home 
farm and in caring for the younger children. His school privileges were 
somewhat limited, but he made the most of his advantages and by read- 
ing and observation has become a w-ell informed man. 

Mr. Maxwell was only twenty years of age when he offered his 
services to the country to aid in crushing out the rebellion, enlisting 
on the 22d of August, 1862, at President Lincoln's call for three hundred 
thousand more volunteers. He became a member of Company K, 
Thirty-sixth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and was under the command of 
Captain George Noble and Colonel C. \Y. Kitridge, of Ottumwa, Iowa. 
The regiment was first ordered to K'eokuk and from there to Benton 
Barricks, Missouri, and was later in Memphis, Tennessee; Helena, 
Arkansas; Fort Pemberton ; and Little Rock. Under the command of 
General Steele the regiment marched toward the Red river and were in 
the engagements at Camden and Pine Bluff. At the latter place Mr. 
Maxwell was taken prisoner by the rebels, being held as such for ten 
months, nine months of which time he was confined in the prison at 



466 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Tyler, Texas, He was then taken down the Red river to Shreveport, 
Louisiana, where he was exchanged on the 14th of Februray, 1865, and 
sent to New Orleans and on to the north. Being granted a furlough 
he returned home and later rejoined his command at St. Charles, Ar- 
kansas. The war having ended and his services being no longer needed, 
he was honorably discharged in August, 1865, and returned home with 
a war record of which he may be justly proud. During his service he 
had the bones in one finger of the left hand broken and it has since been 
useless. 

From Monroe county. Iowa, Mr. Maxwell removed to Shelby 
county, that state, and he was married in ]\Iontgomery county on the 
24th of November, 1S67, to ]Miss Nancy Thornton. She is a daughter 
of Joseph and Anna (Honaker) Thornton, natives of Virginia and 
representatives of an old and honored family of that state. For some 
time her parents lived in Kentucky and from there remo\-ed to Illinois. 
Later they went to Iowa, and after living for a time near Albia in Mon- 
roe county, they settled near Red Oak in Montgomery county, where 
iNIr. Thornton died at the age of seventy-four years. His widow came 
to Gage county, where she died at the age of ninety-two years in 1S96. 
In religious belief she was a Baptist and her husband was a member 
of the same church. By occupation he was a farmer and politically was 
a supporter of the Democratic party. Their family consisted of ten 
children, namely: Isaac, who went to California and died on his way 
home, being buried at sea ; Elizabeth ; Aaron ; Susan ; Thomas ; Nancy, 
the wife of Mr. INIaxwell ; William M. ; Francis; and two children who 
died young. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Maxwell were born four children, but William 
J. died in infancy ; and Emina Jane died at the age of twenty-two years. 
She was an active member of the Methodist church and an earnest Chris- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 467 

tian worker and was loved and respected by all who knew her. Her 
death was widely and deeply mourned. Those of the family still liv- 
ing are Benjamin F., who married Rosa Withers and has one child, 
Violet Marie; and Charles F., who married Myra Lane and has two chil- 
dren, Harold and Mildred. 

In 1867 Mr. Maxwell removed to Shelby county, Iowa, and after 
residing near Harlan for a time he located near Corley, where he made 
his home until 1883. That year witnessed his arrival in Gage county, 
Nebraska, and he has since been identified with the agricultural interests 
of this locality. He is to-day the owner of a well improved farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres, on which he has erected a good house and 
barn at a cost of ten thousand dollars. There is also a nice grove and 
orchard which add greatly to the beauty of the place, making it one of 
the most attractive country homes of the county. 

The Republican party has always found in Mr. Maxwell a stanch 
supporter of its principles, and he is an honored member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. Both he and his wife belong to the Methodist 
church, and they are numbered among the most highly respected and es- 
teemed citizens of their community. 



WILLIAM RETCHLESS. 

William Retchless, one of the old settlers and prominent citi- 
zens of Liberty township, Gage county, Nebraska, is one of the honored 
veterans of the Ci\il war. His career as a soldier commenced with his 
enlistment at Lockport, New York, August 7, 1862, for three years in 
the Nineteenth New York Light Artillery, under Captain William 
Stall and Captain E. W. Rogers. His company was taken into the Army 



468 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

of the Potomac. He participated in battle of Suffolk, Virginia, defense 
of Washington, Wilderness, and Spottsvlvania and was there wounded. 
He served until February 20, 1865, when he was honorably discharged. 

The birth of Mr. Retchless occurred in Cambridge, England, Qcto- 
ber 4, 1844. He is a son of John and Esther (Smith) Retchless, both 
natives of England, who came to the United States in 1847, making- the 
voyage in thirty-four days. 

He was reared in New York state, and was married in Niagara 
county, March 11, 1867, to Salina Humphrey, who was born in England, 
a daughter of William and Esther Molton Humphrey, both of England. 
William Humphrey died at the age of forty-three years in New York, 
and his wife now resides in Niagara county, New York. The following- 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs Retchless, namely : Alta Pope, 
Alice Hedricks, Alma Dewey, Frank, Charles, of New York, Fred, 
Edward, Jessie, Grace and Willie. 

In 1876 Mr. Retchless removed to Pawnee county, Nebraska, and 
there remained until 1883, when he located in Liberty township. Gage 
county, Nebraska, and purchased a two hundred-acre farm. He now 
has one of the finest pieces of property in the community. His 
house is a comfortable residence, and his barns and outbuildings are 
in good order, while the farm is well stocked and a good windmill pro- 
vides water. He conducts a general farming and stock-raising busi- 
ness and has been very successful. In politics he is a Republican, and 
strongly advocates the principles of that party. 'He is also a G. A. R. 
man, and is connected with the John E. Ingham Post at Pawnee city, 
Nebraska. Both he and his wife make all visitors -welcome to their 
delightful home, and they have many friends throughout the entire 
county, where they are so well and favorably known. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 469 

HIRAM SCHOONOVER. 

Hiram Schoonover, a fruit farmer in the precinct of Brownville, 
has made his home in this locality during the past nineteen years. He 
was born in Pennsylvania on the 24th of December, 1831, but when a 
small boy was taken from his native place to Mason county, Illinois. 
His father, Dennis Schoonover, was also a native of the Keystone state, 
where lie followed agricultural pursuits until his removal to Illinois, 
where in the summer of 1863, at the age of sixty-six years, he acci- 
dentally shot himself, leaving a family of eight children, three sons 
and five daughters. The mother of these children, Anna Wise, had died 
in Mason county, Illinois, about 1857, when fifty-four years of age. 
Their eight children were as follows: Almira, who was born in 1829, 
is now the widow Lane and resides in Mason county; Hiram; Martha, 
the wife of Hugh Fannin, of Illinois; Hettie Sapp, deceased; Jacob, a 
farmer in Fulton county, Illinois ; Wilson, who was a soldier in the 
Civil war, and died at the age of twenty-one years ; Sally Ann, a widow 
residing in Mason count)^; and Mahala, who died at the age of ten 
years. 

Hiram Schoonover received but limited educational advantages 
during his youth, and remained at home until his marriage, although 
from the age of twenty-three years he had been erriployed by others, 
three years of the time remaining on one farm in Cass county, Illinois, 
where his services were highly appreciated. In the spring of 1862, 
from Bath, Mason county, Illinois, he enlisted for services in the 
Civil war, entering Company F, Fifty-first Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
for three years. On the 27th of the following June he was wounded 
at Kenesaw Mountain, Tennessee, the ball passing through his left arm, 
carrying away his right thumb, unjointing his index finger and making 
a ghastly wound in his right cheek. He was a universal favorite with 



470 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

his comrades and the officers, was never refused a pass, and universaUy 
received the prize on dress parade. Mr. Schoonover was honorably dis- 
charged at Springfield, Illinois, and for his services during the war was 
awarded a pension of eight dollars a month, but this has since been in- 
creased and during the past ten or twelve years he has been receiving 
seventeen dollars a month. 

On the 28th of February, 1865, in Mason county, Illinois, Mr. 
Schoonover was united in mlarriage to Miss Mary Jane Floss, a native 
of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and a daughter of Joseph Floss, a farmer 
and gunsmith by occupation. Mrs. Schoonover now has in her posses- 
sion a rifle which he made. He wedded INIary Jane Ryter, a native of 
Ireland, while he was born in Pennsylvania. They reared but four of 
their eight children, having lost two sons and two daughters in infancy, 
and their li\'ing children are : Sarah Ann Williams, who resides in 
California and has eight children: Mrs. Schoono\'er; and Emma \Yil- 
liams, who resides in Illinois and is the mother of two children. Mrs. 
Floss was called to her final rest in 1886, when sixty-seven years of 
age, but her hubsand survived until 1892, passing away when eighty 
years of age. In her native land she was an Episcopalian although a 
member of a Catholic family, and in this countty she was connected 
with the Methodist church. From Pennsylvania this couple moved to 
Illinois in 1848, and in 1865 came to Nemaha county, Nebraska, settling 
in Brownville, where they purchased lots and built a cottage home. 

Mrs. Schoonover ^^■as married when eighteen years of age, and has 
become the mother of nine children, as follows: Mary Ellen, the wife 
of Frank Millsaps, a resident of Idaho and the mother of two sons; 
Henry resides on a ranch in South Dakota and has two sons and a daugh- 
ter; Clara Dooley died in 1903, leaving a little daughter; Ollie Frost re- 
sides in Chicago, and has been twice married, having one son by her first 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 471 

husband, Willard Foster; Anna Foxley resides in Portland, Oregon, 
and has one httle daughter; Effie Marshall makes her home in South 
Dakota; Hiram Francis died at the age of four years; Mary Eva assists 
her mother at home ; and David is seventeen years of age, and in addi- 
tion to assisting his father with the work of the home farm is also em- 
ployed by others. 

In 1881, over twenty-two years ago, Mr. and Mrs. Schoonover pur- 
chased two acres of land in Brownville precinct, erected their pleasant 
home and also planted their fine orchard, consisting of about three hun- 
dred apple and peach trees, besides much small fruit. Many years ago 
Mr. Schoonover became converted to the Christian religion in the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, but ere his probation had expired he joined the 
Baptist denomination, and was immersed before going to war. In his 
political affiliations he is a Prohibitionist from the ranks of the Republi- 
can party. He is a member of G. A. R., Ben Thompson Post, of 
Brownville. 



JONATHAN CARPENTER. 

Jonathan Carpenter, of Liberty, Gage county, Nebraska, is one 
of the old settlers of this localit}', having come here in 1879, and he is 
one of the veterans of the Cival war. His enlistment took place in 
Washington county, Marsdand, August 27, 1861, in Company B, First 
Maryland Cavalry, under Colonel Cole and Captain Firey, and he was 
honorably discharged September 17, 1864. 

Mr. Carpenter was born in Washington county, Maryland, July 
31, 1841, the same year of the birth of King Edward of England. He 
is a son of Jeremiah Carpenter, and a grandson of Henry Carpenter, a 



472 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

German by birth. Tlie family was originally kno\yn b}' the name of 
Zimmerman, which translated means Carpenter. The mother of our 
subject bore the maiden name of Susan Cross, and she ^yas also bom 
in Washington county, Maryland, and was a daughter of Colonel Cross, 
an officer in the Revolutionary war. Our subject's parents moyed to Ne- 
braska and settled at Ellis, where the mother died at the age of eighty 
years, and the father still liyes there aged eighty-six. They had the 
following children: Henry, Jonathan, Jerry, Theodore, Leyi, Josiah, 
Martin, Amanda, Alice. Both parents were members of the Church of 
God. 

Jonathan Carpenter resided in Marjdand until he came west in 1879. 
His marriage occurred in Pennsylvania in 1866 to Maria L. Baughman, 
who comes of a good German family. She is a daughter of Jacob Baugh- 
man. In 1879 Mr. Carpenter settled in Gage county, where he has 
since made his home and become one of the prosperous men of the com- 
munity. His children were two in number: Henry of Seneca, Kansas, 
wdio married Jennie Stevens and has four children, \-iz. — Floyd, Dewey, 
Roy and Herbert; Amanda E., who died young. In politics Mr. Car- 
penter is a Republican and has held several township offices with credit 
to himself. In G. A. R. matters he is very prominent and enjoys the 
reunions where he meets old comrades. Frank, genial in manner, upright 
in living, he is highly esteemed, and his word is literally taken to be as 
good as his bond. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 473 

ABRAM F. MANLEY. 

Abram F. Manley, justice of the peace, of Liberty, Gage count}'. 
Nebraska, is one of the honored residents of the city and a veteran of 
the Civil war. His career as a soldier commenced with his enlistment 
in Company G, Eighty-third Indiana A^olunteer Infantry, in Ripley 
county, Indiana, Captain George IMorris and Colonel Ben Spooner 
commanding. After a long and faithful service he participated in the 
Richmond campaign and in the review at Washington and received his 
honorable discharge in June, 1865, after which he returned home to 
Indiana. 

Abram F. Manley was born in Ripley county, Indiana, October 14, 
1839. He is a son of IMa'rtin Manley, who was born in Vermont, and a 
grandson of James Manley. who with two brothers served in the Revo- 
lutionai-y war. The mother of our subject was Huldah Holford, who 
came of an old New York family of Scotch ancestry. Both parents are 
now deceased, the father passing away in Illinois when sixty-five years 
of age, while the mother died in the same state, aged seventy-five 
years. The children born to this worthy couple were as follows: Mar- 
tin, Emory, Abram, Mary E., Martha and two who died 3^oung. The 
father was a farmer by occupation and a worthy man. Both he and his 
wife were members of the Alethodist church. 

Mr. Manley was reared in Ripley county on the old farm, and at- 
tended the little log cabin school. In 1861 he was married to Naomi 
Clark. She is a daughter of Thomas Clark, of England, a most estima- 
ble man. In 1866 Mr. Manley removed to Pawnee county and settled 
on iSIission creek, where he made his home until 1900, when he located 
in Liberty. The following children have been born to himself and 
wife: Elmer E., Charles, Thomas E., Arthur C, Floyd, Lillian and 
Francis E. Mr. Manley is a standi Republican and takes an interest 



474 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

in local affairs. For many years he has been a justice of the peace, and 
administers justice with rare abihty and fairness. He is a member of 
the G. A. R., W. F. Barry Post of Liberty, and is'very popular in that 
organization. 



JESSE CROOK. 

Jesse Crook is one of the stalwarts of southeastern Nebraska. Of 
the nearly eighty years which he has passed over since he came into 
the world in White county of the old commonwealtli of Tennessee, one 
bright day dated September 12, 1826, fifty of these cycles of time, come 
August 28, 1904, will have been spent, to the lasting welfare and benefit 
of the community, in Richardson county, Nebraska. Few, if any men, 
can claim so long an active career in this county, and none have enjoyed 
a more prosperous and worthy period of years. When, on the date 
mentioned, he located on his one hundred and sixty acres of land one 
mile north of Falls City, he made the first farming settlement on the 
prairie of Richardson county. He had made the journey from his na- 
tive state with three yoke of oxen, arriving in Andrew county, Missouri, 
in the fall of 1853, and proceeding the final stage of his migration in 
the following year. He had two prairie schooners, and during the six 
weeks and two days of his trip camped out all the time, making a ver- 
itable picnic of the aft'air, and li\-ing high on various kinds of wild 
game. He had sold his land in Tennessee and came to this country 
with some capital. While in Andrew county, he worked one of his 
brother's farms, and on arriving at his place in Nebraska he built a 
rough log house, with a stick and mud chimney, puncheon floor and 
shook roof, being sixteen by eighteen feet in dimesions, and with a small 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 475 

lean-to for a bedroom. During his first year's residence he spht enougl: 
rails to fence in forty acres, which land he broke and raised twenty-five 
bushels of corn from each acre. 

Such was the advent and the first settlement of his venerable old 
settler. Since those early days he has been the owner of twenty thousand 
acres of Nebraska soil, taken altogether. He purchased ten thousand 
acres of the Sauk reservation, having bought it from the government 
in sealed bids of from $1.25 to $1.40 per acre. He has disposed of all 
his farm lands, and his realty property now consists of a block of lots 
and a business block in Falls City.- His life throughout has been marked 
by industry, thrift, keen and sagacious management and most honorable 
and upright methods of dealing with his fellow men. His solid ability 
achieved success regardless of the fact that he was without advantages 
in his vouth, and only six weeks were taken from his years as a farmer 
boy in Tennessee in attendance at the rudest kind of log schoolhouse, 
with a dirt floor, beside which the country school of to-day would seem 
a palace. 

Mr. Crook's father was John Crook, and for many generations in 
the history of the family the name John has headed a family. His great- 
grandfather John was a Virginian, and died suddenly of heart disease 
at the age of fifty-five. Grandfather Crook was a Tennessee planter, 
owning many slaves, and his life was not terminated until he had reached 
the great age of ninety-seven years. John Crook, the father of Jesse, 
was born in Virginia in 1779, was reared in North Carolina, and came 
to Tennessee with his parents in 1807. He was married in 1803 to 
Miss Mary Lee, a relative of the famous military family of Lees, and 
she was born in Roan county, North Carolina, in 1784, and was also 
married in that county. She survived her husband about three years, 
and both passed away and are interred in White county, Tennessee. 



476 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

She was seventy-eight years old at the time of her death, and her hus- 
band was eighty. They were the parents of a large family, and all of 
the name seem to have been gifted with long lives, for the circle of their 
children was not broken for many years. The record of the children 
is as follows: Nancy died in Tennessee in 1852, leaving ten children, 
John died in White county, Tennessee, at eighty, the father of nine 
children; Isaac, who was an early northwest Missouri settler and who 
came to Nebraska in 1856, died at Mineral Springs, Missouri, at the 
age of seventy-two, and had a family of nine children, one son being 
a prominent county official; Allen came to Jackson county, Missouri, 
in 1832, was a resident near Savannah, Missouri, until the Civil war, 
then moved west to Denver, where he died at the age of eighty-two, 
leaving two children; Charles, who had a wife and one child, died in 
Tennessee at the age of sixty-five; William, who was the first of thc- 
family to die, passed away in Jackson county, Missouri, in 1835, at the 
age of twenty-one; Ruth Gillam, a widow, resides in Tennessee and 
is well on toward her eightieth year; Mary McBroom died in Tennessee 
at the age of sixty, having been the mother of ten children ; Jesse is the 
next in order of birth; Rebecca Stanton died in Tennessee when about 
sixty years old, having had seven children; Elizabeth Harper, now a 
Mrs. Clark, resides near Bonham, Texas, and has five children. 

Mr. Jesse Crook was married, February 28, 1847, to Miss Eliza 
Whittaker, who was born in Orange county. North Carolina, May 3, 
1830, a daughter of Isaac and Sally (Clinton) Whittaker, who were 
born in North Carolina in 1800 and 1802, respectively. Her father was 
a farmer, and he and his wife moved to Tennessee in 1832. Mrs. Crook 
was the third of their children, and the others are : Mrs. Melinda Holmes, 
a widow in Texas, still active at the age of seventy-nine and with six 
living children; Mrs. Nancy Ramsey died leaving three children; Wil- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 477 

liam Preston W'hittaker, wlio came to Nebraska in 1855 and in the fol- 
lowing year went to Colorado, still farms in die latter state, and has 
some eight children; Hickman, born in Tennessee in 1834, came to 
Nebraska in 1886, and died here in 1894, leaving nine children; Tames, 
Burt and Thomas Whittaker. 

Mr. and Mrs. Crook have had three children. John, who was 
born in Tennessee in 1848, died in Nebraska at the age of twenty-one. 
Sally, born in Tennessee, Alarch 2, 1840, married August Schoenheit, 
who died leaving two children: she is now the wife of Judge James 
Wilhite, of Falls City. A\'. H. Crook, born in Tennessee, May 9, 185 1, 
is a leading hardware merchant of Falls City. 

During the fifty years of I\Ir. Cook's residence in this county 
he has spent most of it in Falls City. He moved into town from his 
farm in 1858, returning to-the country three years later, but since 1864 
has made his home in the city, although he has moved from one resi- 
dence to another about six times, and has built and sold sold manv 
houses. He built the first hotel, the Crook House, in the county in 
1858; conducted it for a time, then sold, and afterward built another 
hotel, which he ran for three years. He carried on the Crook boarding 
house for fifteen years. He has been at his present nice residence for 
the past five years, and expects to meet the final summons at this home. 
He is a Democrat in politics, but throughout his long and successful 
career has never sought or accepted ofBce. He and his wife have been 
of the Methodist faith for forty years, although both come of Baptist 
households. They are still hale and hearty and fine examples of Ne- 
braska citizenship. 



478 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

REV. DANIEL L. McBRIDE. 

Rev. Daniel L. McBride, pastor of the Baptist church of Liberty, 
Gage county, Nebraska, and one of the leading men of the community, 
was born December 31, 1849, "i Montgomery county, Pennsylvania. 
He is a son of a farmer, David McBride, who came of Scotch ancestry. 
His mother is Hannah Taylor, who was born in England, but was reared 
and educated in New Jersey. 

Rev. McBride was reared in his native county. His mother died 
when he was ten years of age and he soon after shipped as a cabin boy 
on a vessel of the coast. After serving as a cabin boy he became a 
sailor and shipped before the mast for some time. When fifteen years 
of age he entered the service of the United States as a soldier, in Febru- 
ary, 1865, with Company G, Two Hundred and Thirteentli Pennsyl- 
vania Vokinteer Infantry, and served until November, 1865. After his 
honorable discharge, he entered Wyoming Institute of Delaware to 
better fit himself for life's battles as his experiences clearly showed 
him that if he would succeed, more knowledge was necessan,'. Finish- 
ing a course in this institution he taught school in Delaware and also 
two terms in Illinois. During the time he taught he was studying for 
the ministry, finally being ordained in 1874. 

At the age of twenty-three years he was married to Mary Bellamy, 
a native of Illinois and a daughter of David Bellamy. Our subject 
filled the pulpit at several places in Illinois for thirteen years. In Feb- 
ruary, 1890, he moved to McCook, Nebraska, and engaged in ranching 
in connection with his ministerial work there for ten years. During 
his stay there he was elected to the state legislature of Nebraska for 
the session of 1894 and 1895, and filled the office with credit. In Jan- 
uary, 1 90 1, he was called to the Baptist church of Liberty, and he ac- 
cepted. Rev. McBride is an earnest and a very successful church worker. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 479 

The family of children born to Mr. and Mrs. McBride, are as fol- 
lows : Mrs. Hannah Hayden, of Frontier county, Nebraska ; Emma ; 
Fred, of this county ; Lewis ; Susie : Howard ; Ruth ; and Alargaret ; 
Bessie, who died at the age of twenty years; Irene, who passed away 
when twenty-two years of age; and Frank, who died at the age of 
seventeen years. In politics our subject is independent in his views, and 
always supports the men and measures he believes of the most merit. 



ALANSON M. BORST. 

Alanson M. Borst, who has li\'ed in easy retirement in Peru for the 
past twelve years, has a most successful record as a farmer and business 
man. He has lived in Nebraska since 1861, and from a small farm, 
with primitive surroundings and equipments, steadily progressed along 
all lines of his endeavor until he ranks as one of the prosperous men 
of Nemaha county. He has passed the seventieth milestone of life, 
and has reason to be proud of what he has accomplished since beginning 
his active career. 

Mr. Borst was born in Schoharie county. New York, April 11, 
I S3 1, descended from a Hollander who came to the United States before 
the Revolution. His father, John Borst, was born in Schoharie county. 
New York, in 1792, and died in Oswego county. New York, in 1876, 
and he and his wife, who preceded him in death by three months, rest 
in the cemetery at Hannibal Center, New York. On February 28, 
iSji, he was married to Miss Elizalieth Billington, who was born on 
the ■Mohawk Flats, New York, in 1788, a daughter of James Billing- 
ton, a hotel-keeper. They were the parents of the following children : 
Sally Jane, born September 17, 1822, died at the age of nine years; 



48o SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Myron, born January 7, 1824, lives retired in Houston, Texas, and 
has one son and one daughter; Theron, born July 30, 1825, is a farmer 
in Kilbourn, Wisconsin, and has two daughters and one son; Christiana, 
born September 3, 1827, is the widow of Squire Fisk, in Rochester, 
New York, and has four sons and two daughters; Henry and James, 
twins, were born April 9, 1829, and Henry is a widower, living in 
Nance count}', Nebraska, and James is a millwright in Los Angeles 
county, California, and has one daughter; Alanson M. Borst is next 
of the children ; and Luther is farming the old homestead in New York. 
Alanson M. Borst was reared on a farm, and up to the age of sev- 
enteen had a common school education. He then entered the Falley 
Seminary, and later went to the Ypsilanti, IMichigan, School, and was 
also a student in Kalamazoo College. At the age of twenty he taught 
his first school in Oswego county. New York, and during the winter 
season was engaged in teaching for eleven years. He taug'ht six terms 
in IMichigan, and fourteen terms in Nebraska. He came to Nebraska 
in 1861 from southeastern Kansas. After his marriage, in 1865, he 
liegan on a farm of eighty acres, and he now has three hundred and 
forty-three acres in Nemaha county, Nebraska, which with its excellent 
improvements is worth sixty dollars an acre. He also owns a qua.rter 
section in Nance county, Nebraska. In 1891 he built his present sub- 
stantial, two-story and basement, brick residence, and after it was com- 
pleted left the farm and has since made Peru his home. Lie also erected 
a frame house near by, which he rents. He owns the brick block on the 
corner of Fifth and California streets, and also a half interest in the 
opera house building. 

April 23, 1865, Mr. Borst married Miss Frances Snyder, wdio was 
born in Wood county, Ohio, March 22, 1846, a daughter -of Samuel 
and Elizabeth (Sprankle) Snyder. Her father was a farmer, and in 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 481 

1852 came to Missouri and in 1857 to Nemaha county, Nebraska. He 
pre-empted a quarter section and bought one hundred and sixty acres 
southeast of Peru. He died in 1880 and his wife in 1888. They were 
prosperous, and left their children a good property. They had eight 
children, as follows : Sprankle Snyder, who is a fruit-grower in Cali- 
fornia ; Louisa, the wife of Mr. Cooke, died at the age of thirty, leaving 
two sons ; Mrs. Caroline McReynolds died aged about forty-five, leaving 
seven sons and one daughter; Rebecca Worrell died leaving two sons 
and two daughters; Henry lives in South Dakota and has two sons 
and two daughters; Mrs. Borst is the sixth of the children; Rosetta 
married August Quante, and is the mother of a large family of boys 
and girls ; and Frank lives on a part of the old home place on Honey 
creek. 

¥\\-c children were born to INIr. and Mrs. Borst: Jennie graduated 
from the Peru normal school in 1888 and is now a teacher in Seattle, 
Washington; John Henry died at the age of thirteen months; Annie 
Bell graduated in the 1904 class of the Nebraska State Normal, is a 
teacher and is principal of one of the ward schools in South Omaha, 
Nebraska ; Delia M. graduated in 1898 and is a teacher at South Omaha; 
Lillian, a student in the normal, has especial talent with the brusli and 
pencil, and many of her creditable productions adorn the walls of the 
home. Mr. Borst is a Master Mason, and has always been a stanch 
Republican. He is a veteran school teacher. Mrs. Borst is a member 
of the Methodist church. 



482 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

. ■ JOHN ALBERT LAWRENCE. 

John Albert Lawrence, who is one of the foremost farmers of Lon- 
don precinct, Nemaha county, Nebraska, was born in Jones county, 
Iowa, June i, 1857, the fifth of the nine children and the fourth of the 
seven sons of Samuel and Rose (Moyer) Lawrence, whose family history 
will be found in the sketch of Sheriff A. L. Lawrence in this work. 
Mr. Lawrence was reared on the home farm in Nemaha county, where 
his father had settled in 1863, and he had a fair district schooling and 
two years in the Brownville high school. He remained at home until 
he was married in his twenty-second year to Miss Mattie Collins, one of 
his schoolmates, in 1879. She lived only a year and a half longer, 
and died leaving two children. Allie is the wife of J. C. Penney, in 
London precinct, and has two sons ; an infant daughter died at the age 
of six months. 

On Christmas day of 1882, Mr. Lawrence married Miss Virginia 
Lindsay, a daughter of William and Phebe Ann Frances (Brj^ant) Lind- 
say. William Lindsay was born in county Londonderry, Ireland, 
August I, 18 12. His wife was born in Kentucky September 25, 
1826, a daughter of Daniel Columbus and and Elizabeth Darget 
(Kershaw) Brvant, who were Kentucky planters and owners of 
slaves. The former died in Kentucky, and the latter in Nemaha county, 
sleeping in the Brownville cemetery. William Lindsay and his wife 
came from Sangamon county, Illinois, to Brownville in 1S63, and they 
farmed one season on the William Mclninch farm. In 1864 they moved 
to the one hundred and sixty acres which comprises the homestead which 
Mr. Lawrence now owns, and which they bought at eleven dollars an 
acre and which is now worth eighty dollars an acre. There were but 
slight improvements here then, and Mr. Lindsay built their first house 
of two rooms. Th^y had sold their farm in Illinois, and came here 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 483 

with some means. They were married in 1S49 in Kentucky, where their 
first two children were born, and tiie remainder in lUinois, as follows: 
Lucy M., the wife of C. W. Butler, died in Oklahoma in December, 
1901, leaving five of her seven children; Margaret E. is the wife of 
Marion Willard, a Kansas farmer, and has four children living; Nancy 
/ane is the wife of W. W. Lawrence, in Nemaha county, and has two 
children : Robert A. is a merchant at Bessie, Oklahoma, and has one 
daughter: Letitia F. is the wife of A. W. Sultzbaugh in London pre- 
cinct, and has two sons; Mrs. Lawrence is the sixth in order of birth; 
Jesse T. Lindsay is a farmer in Jackson county, Kansas; Phebe A., 
the wife of W. Edwin Penney, died in Arkansas leaving five children 
living. The mother of these children died at what is now Mr. Law- 
rence's homestead, on December 24, 1889, at the age of sixty-three years 
and four months, and the father died December 28, 1895. The latter 
was a stonemason, which trade he followed both in Illinois and Nebraska. 
Among other things which he constructed, was the foundation of the 
first Cumberland Presbyterian church in this section, which his wife 
called Mt. Pleasant church, and he was one of the first elders and 
served as such till his death. He had been a soldier in the English 
army, and came to the United States in 1837, at the age of twenty-five, 
but a few years later returned and brought over his parents and all his 
brothers and sisters except one sister, who married in Ireland. He 
planted the old orchard here and the towering soft maples and cotton- 
woods, which shade the driveway from the road to the house. Mr. 
Lawrence has planted the young orchard of thirty acres of apple and 
peach trees. 

Mr. Lawrence was brought from Iowa to Nemaha county at the age 
of four years, and was reared here. He lived on the old Lawrence 
homestead until April, 1886, when he went to \'alley county, Nebraska, 



484 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

and bought one hundred and sixty acres, on which he farmed for nine 
years. He then sold and bought another tract, on which he farmed 
for three years, and then, in March, 1898, came to the Lindsay home- 
stead. He carries on general farming, growing from one hundred and 
twenty to one hundred and sixty acres of corn, with an average annual 
yield of fifty bushels to the acre. His principal live-stock is hogs, of 
which he raises from one hundred and fifty to two hundred, although 
the cholera has often made fearful ravages among them. He keeps 
thirty head of graded cattle, and feeds about two carloads each year. 
Air. and Mrs. Lawrence have two children, Iva Myrtle, born De- 
cember 30, 1894, and Hazel Murl, born May 12, 1898. Mr. Lawrence 
is a Master Mason, and affiliates with the Lidependent Order of Odd 
Fellows and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. He is a Repub- 
lican, like tlie rest of his family. He and his Avife were reared Pres- 
byterians, and she has been a teacher in the Sunday-school. Mrs. 
Lawrence's family was well represented in the great wars of the repub- 
lic, her oldest uncle, Robert Lindsay, having died in the Mexican war, 
the youngest uncle, Issah Biyant, was killed at the battle of Resaca, 
and Jesse T. Brj'ant was killed at Parkers Cross Roads, Tennessee. 
These were her motlier's brothers. 



EDWARD W. SNYDER. 

Edward W. Snyder, owner of what is considered the best farm in 
Nemaha county, in Douglas precinct, three miles east of Auburn, has 
lived here since the fall of 1867, and during the subsequent thirty-five 
years or more has taken rank as one of the leading agriculturists and 
and citizens of this section. Although of German birth and parentage. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 485 

he has made a record of uncompromising loyalty in his adopted land, 
and his worth as a man and citizen is recognized wherever his individ- 
uality has touched the common life of the county. 

]\Ir. Snyder was born in Hessen, Germany, February 17, 1S40, a 
son of John Snyder, who was born in the same village, Spetzwingle, in 
1794, and died in Illinois, in December, 1883, and who was the only 
son of his father, who died in 1813, but his widow survived until her 
ninetieth year. John Snyder ^^■as a government gamekeeper in the old 
country, owning his own farm. His first wife was a Miss Hose, by whom 
he had three children, and after her death he was married to Eva 
Hammell, the mother of Edward W. Snyder. The children of these 
two marriages were as follows : Heniy, a retired farmer eighty-seven 
years old in Bureau county, Illinois, and has twelve children ; John, aged 
eighty-five, is also a retired farmer in the same county, and has one 
daughter living; Catherine, the wife of Andrew Schlitt, died in Illinois 
about seventy years old, and had thirteen children. Julia, the first child 
of the second marriage, was the wife of Jacob Schoffer, and died in 
Nebraska at the age of seventy-two, the mother of nine children ; Wil- 
liam, who crossed the plains in 1850, was sheriff and treasurer of 
Butte county, California, and died there in 1893 at the age of seventy- 
five, having had five children ; Charles, who was a miner in the mountains 
of California, whither he went in 1851, died about i860, unmarried; 
Martha, in California, is the widow of Jacob Miller, and has ryne 
children; John died in California in 1893, leaving four sons and one 
daughter; Edward W. is the next in order; Henry, a well-to-do retired 
farmer of South Auburn, has his third wife and one son and one daugh- 
ter living. The children were all born in Germany, and came to Amer- 
ica in 1847 with their father, landing in New York after a sixty-days' 
passage and coming thence to Bureau county, Illinois. Their father had 



486 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

about eight liundred dollars, with which he purchased forty acres, and 
later eighty acres, on which he spent the remainder of his life. His wife 
died about 1894, and they were both Lutherans. 

Edward W. Snyder was reared on the hoirie farm, and his limited 
educational advantages were received in Germany and this county. In 
1858 he left home, and, following the example of some of his brothers, 
went to California via the Isthmus of Panama. He mined in the placers 
in Eldorado county for some time, and was in the meat business in Vol- 
cano, spending five years altogether on the Pacific slope, and did well. 
He returned to Illinois, and had a forty-eight acre farm for a few years. 
He sold this in 1867, and in the fall came to the present place in 
Nebraska and bought one hundred and sixty acres, with fair improve- 
ments, for twenty-five hundred dollars cash down. He later bought fif- 
teen acres for three hundred dollars, and then thirty for six hundred, so 
that he now owns two hundred and five acres of land that cannot be 
surpassed within the confines of this county. He could get one hundred 
dollars ,an acre for his land at present, which is a high price for im- 
proved land even in these days of prosperity. He has a fine orchard of 
four acres, some of which he planted as early as 1871, and the last in 
1877. In one year he sold seven hundred and fifty dollars' worth ot 
fruit, besides what he kept for his own use. He grows from seventy- 
five to eighty acres of corn, averaging fifty bushels to the acre, and 
sometimes as high as eighty bushels, and sows from twenty-five to 
forty acres to wheat. He keeps ten or twelve horses, from fifteen to 
forty high-grade shorthorns, with a few blooded shorthorn cows. For 
a time he made a business raising hogs, but the constant ravages of 
the cholera made this unprofitable. He has built his own nice residence, 
barns and others buildings, and lias a model farm, both in appearance and 
in general productivity, a credit to its owner and to the county. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 487 

June 12, 1864, Mr. Snyder was married to Miss Julia Wagner, 
who was born in Bavaria, Germany, July 14, 1844, a daughter of 
Andrew and Juliana (Hill) \Vagner, the former an overseer of the 
highways in Germany^ The Wagner family came to this country in 
1848, being six weeks en voyage, and settled in Bureau county, Illirrois, 
on one hundred and fifteen acres. They brought their daughter Julia, 
and had lost two children in Germany, and those born in this country 
were: John, who died in infancy; Mary, died in childhood; Elizabeth 
and Adam, twins, the former of whom died when one year old, and 
the later is a farmer in Richardson county, Nebraska, with four chil- 
dren living; and a daughter that died in infancy. Andrew Wagner 
was born in 181 1 and died in Illinois in 1869, and his widow died in 
this Nebraska home, whither she had come after the death of her 
husband. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sn3'der have had nine children : George, born in 
Bureau county, Illinois, May 8, 1863, is a farmer of Oklahoma, where 
he has one hundred and si.xty acres, besides land in Nebraska, and is 
unmarried; Dora is the wife of William McKinney, a farmer on 
Honey creek, and has two children; Miss Emma is at home; Charles 
is a farmer in Nemaha county, and is married ; Andrew is a barber and 
farmer of Oklahoma; Miss Elizabeth is at home; Bertha is a teacher 
in the home district; William is on the home farm; and John Cleve- 
land is a youth of eighteen at home. All the children had good 
school advantages, and the six younger ones in the high school. Bertha, 
John, William and Elizabeth at the normal, and Charles and Andrew 
at the Atchison (Missouri) College, a Lutheran school. Mr. Snyder 
is a Democrat in politics. A few years ago his friends nominated him 
for the office of county commissioner, and although he ran ahead of 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 



his ticket he was defeated by the rival candidate, John H. Shook. He 
Avas roadmaster for two years. 



ISAAC HUYCK. 

Isaac Huyck, until recently one of the prominent residents of Sher- 
man township, Gage county, Nebraska, located in this neighborhood 
in 1884 since which time he has made it his home. He is a veteran 
of the Civil war and enlisted in May, 1861, in the First Illinois Volun- 
teer Infantry for three months' service, but was not called into the 
field. His second enlistment took place August 25, 1861. when he en- 
tered the First Battalion, Thirteenth United States Infantry in Com- 
pany A, Captain Charles Ewing and Colonel William Tecumseh Sher- 
man (later General Sherman) commanding. Mr. Huyck served for 
four years and three months and participated in the following battles: 
Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas Post, Rolling Fork, Black Bayou, Haines 
Blufif, Champion Hills, Vicksburg, Jackson, Colliersville, Missionary 
Ridge. Afterwards he enlisted, February 13, 1865, in Company K, 
Second Regiment, Hancock's Veteran Corps, serving one year in the 
Army of the Potomac. He was in no important battle during the rest 
of the war. He was in Winchester when our grand Lincoln was killed 
—a wild night when tough old veterans wept like children. He had 
revenge later, when on guard at arsenal where the conspirators were 
hanged, he holding a guard on right of main entrance. He has reason 
to be very proud of his record in the Civil war, and much more might 
be given were there space. On February 13, 1866, after a long and 
faithful service, he was honorably discharged and returned home. 

Isaac Huyck was born in Jefferson county, New York, March 20, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 489 

1 84 1, the same year that King Edward of England came into the 
world. He is a son of John W. Hnyck, also born in New York, and 
his father came of Holland Dutch stock, the family settling in New 
York and being then known as Von Huyck. Later the Von was 
dropped and members of it became identified with American history. 
The maiden name of the mother of our subject was INIiriam Herrick, 
and her father served in the war of 181 2. 

In 1845 the parents of our subject came across the lakes to Water- 
town, Jefferson county, \A'isconsin, when the land was all unsettled. 
Upon the lot he took up, the father, who was a carpenter, built a com- 
fortable house and also found employment in erecting houses for others. 
Later he built mills and factories and bravely bore his part as one 
of the pioneers of the country. He lived in the first house built in the 
now prosperous city of Watertown. His death occurred when he was 
forty-one years of age. Fraternally he was a Mason, while in relig- 
ious views he was a Universalist. The mother lived to be seventy 
years of age, and she was noted for her kindness of heart and chari- 
ties. The following children were born to this worthy couple: An- 
drew; Achsah F. ; Himina; Isaac; John, who served in the Forty-ninth 
Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. 

Isaac Huyck owns and operates a fine home farm of two hundred 
and eighty acres in Sherman township, and also owns a farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres in Island Grove township. On the home farm 
he has a good orchard of ten acres, and both farms are well stocked 
with cattle, horses and swine. His house is a very comfortable one, 
while his barns and other buildings are in excellent condition. In 
March, 1904, the family moved into Pawnee city, where they have a 
fine residence property. 

At Sun Prairie, Wisconsin, Mr. Huyck was married to Mary Helen 



490 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Jewett, who is a native of New York, and a daughter of B. Hull 
Jewett and Emma J. (Cornes) Jewett. The parents died at the age 
of fifty-three years in Wisconsin. In politics Mr. Jewett was a Dem- 
ocrat. He and his wife had these children, viz. : George H., Henry C, 
Charles W., Edward H. and Mrs. Huyck. The children born to our 
subject and wife are as follows: Emma, wife of H. R. Jones, of Paw- 
nee county: John H.. of this township: Harry D. ; and Gilmer A. In 
politics Mr. Huyck is a Republican and has held various offices in the 
township with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of his constitu- 
ents. For thirty-eight years he has been a Mason, and is an honored 
member of the G. A. R. post, and is now commander of the local 
post. Both he and his wife are highly esteemed by all who know them 
and they are justly numbered among the leading people of their com- 
munitv. 



W. L. HEILMAN, M. D. 

W. L. Heilman, M. D., physician and surgon of Sterling, Nebras- 
ka, and proprietor of Heilman drug store, has been a resident of John- 
son county for twenty-two years, having located here in 1881. Dr. 
Heilman has been a druggist for seventeen years, and received his 
degree of M.D. in 1897. He was born in Northumberland county, 
Pennsylvania, October 27, 1854, and is a son of J. and Mary A. 
(Reitz) Heilman, both natives of Pennsylvania and members of sub- 
stantial families originating in Germany. By trade the father was a 
carpenter and general mechanic and became quite prominent in his 
calling. He removed to Nebraska and located at Waverly, where he 
died at the age of sixty-five years. In religious belief the father was 
a Lutheran, and an estimable man. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 491 

Dr. Heilman received a good literary education and after finish- 
ing his school days taught for five years in Pennsylvania, at the expira- 
tion of which time he entered into a drug business and began the study 
of medicine at Tecumseh. The Doctor is well known throughout 
Johnson county as a physician and druggist, and is a very close stu- 
dent of both branches of the healing art. He is popular with all- classes 
both as a physician and business man. 

On May 25, 1881, he was married at Tecumseh to Belle C. Davis, 
a native of Illinois. She comes of an old established family of that 
state. She was born at Jerryville, Illinois, and is the daughter of F. 
C. Davis, who served gallantly in the Civil war. Dr. Heilman is a 
Democrat in politics, but has never aspired to public office. Fratern- 
ally he is a member of the Knights of Pythias and is very popular 
in that body. He is a member of the Presbyterian church, while his 
wife is a member of the Episcopal church. 



T. E. MASSEY, M. D. 

T. E. Massey, M. D., physician and surgeon of Crab Orchard, 
Nebraska, is one of the successful members of his profession in this 
county as well as a prominent citizen of the city. In addition to con- 
ducting a large general practice Dr. Massey owns and operates a drug 
store and carries a full line of druggist sundries. 

Dr. Massey was born in Caroline county, Virginia, in i860, and 
is a son of John P. and Elizabeth (Holloway) Massey, the former of 
whom was a manufacturer of Bowling Green, Virginia, and who died 
when our subject was still a child. The mother was born in Virginia, 
a daughter of Robert G. Holloway, an ative of Virgiina who served 



492 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

in the war of 1812. Both the father and mother of Dr. Massey come 
from old estabhshed Virginia famihes. 

Dr. Massey is a graduate of the INIissouri University of JNIedi- 
cine. at Cohimbia, Missouri, in the class of 1882. from which institu- 
tion he received his degree of M. D. Later he graduated from the 
Kansas City Medical College in the class of 1896. For several years 
he practiced in Gage county, and in 1898 came to Crab Orchard, Ne- 
braska, since which time he has built up a large and flourishing prac- 
tice and become very popular widi all classes of people. 

Dr. Massey was married in 1900 to Miss Lucy Laro, a native 
of Beattie, Kansas, and a daughter of John Laro. Politically Dr. Mas- 
sey is a stanch Democrat and a strong believer in the doctrines of 
Jefferson and Jackson. He is a member of the Johnson County and 
State Medical Societies, and is a warm advocate of all measures tending 
towards the education of the masses, good government and better con- 
ditions of moralitv. 



D. J. REID, M. D. 

D. J. Reid, M. D., physician and surgeon of Crab Orchard, Ne- 
braska, is one of the promising young physicians of Johnson county, 
and has been a resident of this state since 1883. His birth occurred in 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, December 6, 1870, and he is a son of J. O. and 
Sarah (Gibbs) Reid, both natives of Canada, who removed to Iowa, 
and in 1883 to Nebraska, when Dr. Reid was a boy of thirteen. The 
family located in the western part of Nebraska, and there our subject 
was educated in the public schools and added to his store of information 
by studying at home. Having always had an inclination towards med- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 493 

icine he devoted h'is spare time to the study of that science and was 
graduated in medicine from the Omaha Medical College with the de- 
gree of M. D. in 1902. Although he is yet a young man both in years 
and in his profession, he has attained a distinction which is remarka- 
ble, and is building up an excellent practice among the best people of 
Crab Orchard. 

Dr. Reid was married at Arapahoe, Nebraska, in 1894, to Sarah 
Harvey. She was born at Red Oak, Iowa, where she was reared and 
educated. Two children, Hazel and Muriel, have been born to Dr. and 
Mrs. Reid. He is a prominent member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, in which he is deservedly popular. Dr. Reid is a young man 
of fine presence, is courteous in manner and makes friends wherever 
he goes. 



SIMON TWEDELL. 

Simon Twedell, a prominent citizen of Vesta township, Johnson 
county, Nebraska, has resided here for over twenty years, and has 
made a record of unusual excellence as a farmer and public-spirited 
member of the body politic. He has impressed his friends and asso- 
ciates as thorough and business-like in all he undertakes, and con- 
sicentious and honorable in every relation between man and man. His 
diligence and enterprise have won him a substantial reward since his 
advent into Johnson county, and he is in the comfortable enjoyment of 
plent}' gained by past efforts. He is likewise esteemed as a veteran of 
the Civil war, in which he gave a loyal citizen's best service. 

Mr. Twedell was born in Schenectady county. New York, October 
22, 1842, a son of William and Hannah (Hoffman) Twedell. The 



494 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

former was bijrn of Scotch parents and in Scotland not far from Ed- 
burgh, and came to the United States in young manhood. He died 
wlien his son Simon was two years old, and his wife died at the age 
of twenty-three. They had five children, and the three sons, Jacob, 
Thomas and Simon were soldiers. Jacob was killed at Alalvern Hill; 
Thomas was killed at Cedar Creek under Sherman. 

Mr. Twedell was reared in New York, and was nineteen years old 
when he offered his services to the country. October 8, 1861, he en- 
listed in Company H, Thirty-fifth Indiana Infantry, under Captain 
Crow and Colonel John C. Walker. He saw sixteen months' service. 
He was sent south and took part in the battle of Shiloh, and was then 
transferred to the Army of the Potomac under Burnside. and was in 
the terrible conflicts of Chancellorsville, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, 
Cold Harbor, and about Petersburg, and was at Winchester when Sher- 
idan made his famous ride. He was wounded in the knee, but missed 
very few days from the ranks. After his time as a volunteer soldier 
had expired he joined the regular United States army, and after the 
war was sent to San Francisco, California, where he served in vari- 
ous campaigns against the Indians for two years. He was under Cap- 
tain Robinson and Colonel French in the Second United States Artil- 
lery. He was discharged with a fine record as a soldier, for he had 
seen five ^•ears of arduous campaigning' during the most critical period 
of the nation's history. He early learned the trade of broom-maker, 
and after his return from the war he was in Butler count}', Ohiii, for 
some time, following his trade and engaged in farming. In 1883 he 
came to Johnson county, Nebraska, and located on a farm southwest 
of Tecumseh. He improved a farm of one hundred acres, and was 
very successful. He came to \'esta in 1901, and has a fine home at 
this place with plenty of fruit and a garden. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 495 

j\Ir. Twedell was married in Butler county, Ohio, to ?.Iiss Eliza- 
betli lutzi, who was I^orn and reared in tliat county, and has been a most 
devoted wife and mother. They had two children; Mrs. Helen Griffin, 
of Tecumseh, who has four sons ; and William, who died at the age 
of eighteen, after giving promise of splendid manhood and ripe devel- 
opment of powers; he was loved by all, and his loss is still deeply felt 
by his parents. Mr. Twedell is independent in political allegiance,^ 
although Republican in principle. He afiiliates with the Knights of 
Pythias, and is a member of the United Brethren church. 



WILLIAM L. CLARK. 

William L. Clark is one of the oldest settlers of this part of 
Nebraska, having lived in Pawnee and Johnson counties since 1867, 
which was the year of the admission of the territory to the Union. 
The surrounding country was then almost entirely uncultivated, the 
landscape presented only a view of prairie grass, timbered only along 
the streams, and some of the old denizens of the country in the shape 
of Indians and wild animals were still to be found. Railroads had not 
yet penetrated the territory, and ]\Ir. Clark had to face truly pioneer 
conditions for the first few years. His energy and perseverance, how- 
ever, prevailed o\-er the inertia of the past, and since the date of his 
coming he has been steadily advancing on the up-grade of prosperity. 
He is honored for what he has accomplished in a material way, and 
also for the worthy part he has played as a citizen, especially when he 
offered his services to the L^nion cause and followed the flag until the 
wounds of the conflict disabled him for active duty and compelled him 
to return to the peaceful farm and fireside. 



496 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Mr. Clark was born in Fulton county, Illinois, November i8, 
1838, of a family of early settlers in that state. His father, Michael 
Clark, was born of Irish parents from Dublin, and was married after 
coming to Fulton county, Illinois, to Rachel Smith, who was born 
in Virginia of an old family of that commonwealth. They had four 
children, a daughter, Mattie Jones, and the three sons were soldiers in 
the Civil war — ^^Alanson, of the Thirty-second Illinois Infantry for 
four years, and he died in Fulton county; John, in the Eighty-sixth 
Illinois for three years, now lives in Sterling, Nebraska, and 
William L. 

^ViIliam L. Clark lost his mother when he was three years old, 
and was reared by a Mrs. Jones. He spent his youth on a farm and 
was educated in the public schools, and for some time before the war 
lived in Peoria county, Illinois. In August. 1862, he enlisted in Com- 
pany I, Eighty-sixth Illinois Infantry, under Captain Phelenstock and 
Colonel Irons. The regiment rendezvoused at Peoria, Illinois, was 
then ordered to Louisville, in time to take part in the battle at Perry- 
ville. Here Mr. Clark was wounded in the right arm and in the right 
side, and soon after, while his regiment was scaling a stone wall, was 
struck in the head. He was senseless for a' time, but was later removed 
to the field hospital, and after a partial recovery rejoined his regiment 
at Nashville. But he was incapable for active duty, and was discharged, 
as it was thought he could not live. He returned home and regained 
his strength under careful nursing at home. In 1867 he moved out 
to Nebraska and lived in Pawnee county until 1875, in which year he 
located in Johnson county, and has been a resident here for over a 
quarter of a century. He owns a nice farm of sixty-five acres just one 
mile from Vesta, and on it has a good home, all necessary improvements 
and some timber land, and has met with well deserved prosperity. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 497 

November 3, 1859, Mr. Clark was married in Peoria, Illinois, to 
Miss Sarah Fuller, who has been a devoted wife and mother for over 
forty years. She was born and reared in Illinois, and was a daughter 
of Joseph and Elsie (Cowgill) Fuller, who both died in Illinois. Two 
of Mrs. Clark's brothers, Amos and John, were soldiers in the Civil 
war, members, respectively, of the Forty-seventh and Thirty-second 
Illinois regiments. The following children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Clark : Daniel, born in Illinois, lives five miles south of Tecumseh, 
and is engaged in the blacksmith, well and pump business, in com- 
pany with his brother Allen, of Vesta; he married Louisa Noyes, and 
they have had six children, Charles B., Enda, Bernice, Verna, and Ella 
and Daniel, deceased. John V., the second child of the family, lives 
near Vesta. Mrs. Mary Ross resides in Perry, Oklahoma. . Judson, a 
widower, lives in Berlin, Nebraska, his three children, Cleo, Fay and 
\''eda, live with their grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Clark, by whom 
they are loved as their own children. Mr. Clark is a Republican in poli- 
tics, and is a popular member of the Grand Army Post at Tecumseh. 
He is a Woodman of the World, and he and his wife are members of 
the Baptist church. 



BENJAMIN F. SHOWALTER. 

Benjamin F. Showalter, one of the prominent farmers of Maple 
Grove township, Johnson county, Nebraska, with postoffice at Vesta, 
ha: had a prosperous career both in this county and in the other places 
of his residence, and is everywhere known as a man of ability, industry, 
and honorable principles. He is esteemed as one of the remaining 
veterans of the Civil war, during which he served for three years and 



498- SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

was in the most brilliant and strenuous campaign of the entire con- 
flict. 

Mr. Showalter was born near Wooster, Wayne county, Ohio, 
October 26, 1844, son of Daniel and Catherine (McCarran) Showal- 
ter, the former of German descent and a native of Pennsylvania and 
the latter born in Ohio. When Mr. Showalter was a baby the family 
moved to the then territory of Iowa, being pioneers of Washington 
county, but later in life the parents came to Nebraska, where Daniel 
Showalter died at the age of seventy-two years and his wife at the age 
of seventy-five. They were members of the Baptist church, and highly 
respected people in whatever community they resided. There were 
six children in their family. 

Benjamin F. Showalter was reared on a pioneer farm in Iowa, 
and taught to work, gaining his schooling during the winter months 
in a log schoolhouse. He was eighteen years old when he enlisted from 
Washington county, in August, 1862, in Company A, Twenty-fifth 
Iowa Infantry, under Captain D. J. Palmer and Colonel George A. 
Stone. After being recruited and equipped in the camp at Mount 
Plea.^ant, the regiment was ordered south, where it took part in the 
battles of Helena, Arkansas, Chickasaw Bayou. Arkansas Post, all 
through the siege of Vicksburg, at Jackson, Lockout Mountain and 
Missionary Ridge, thence with Sherman in the Atlanta campaign, after 
the fall of Atlanta in the march to the sea. up through the Carolinas 
after Joe Johnston, and after his surrender on to Washington, where 
the grand pageant of the soldiers' review was held. ~M\-. Showalter 
was honoralily discharged June 9, 1865, and after the muster out at 
Davenport, Iowa, went home to the peaceful duties of the farm. He 
lived in Iowa for some time, and in 1869 came to Nebraska. In 190 J 
he bought the fine one hundred and seventy acre farm known as the 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 499 

Thomas Acker place, in Maple Grove township and a mile and a half 
from Vesta. This farm has all the modern improvements, a good 
house and ample barns, and he is doing well with his general farming 
and stock-raising operations. 

Mr. Showalter was married in 1867 to Miss Caroline A. Carter, 
who was born in Jefferson county. Ohio, a daughter of Hugh and 
Elnma (Wyckoff) Carter, who both died in Washington county, Iowa. 
Hugh Carter engaged in the tin and hardware business; he was a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His wife died at 
the age of thirty-eight years, and she was a member of the Methodist 
church. There were six children, two sons and four daughters, in their 
family. Mr. and Mrs. Showalter have had six children: Anna C. is 
married and living in Ulysses, Nebraska; Daniel L. is in Lincoln, Ne- 
braska; Katie B. is at home; and Ella, Winnie and an infant are de- 
ceased. ]\Ir. Showalter is now a Populist, having come over from the 
ranks of the Republican party. He is a well known Grand Army man, 
and he and his wife are members of the Baptist church. 



WILLIAM BRANDO^^^ 

William Brandow is one of the most successful and progressive 
stock fanners of Richardson county, and his farm at Humboldt is a 
model of its kind. He keeps only the highest grades of cattle and hogs, 
and makes a specialty of breeding fine animals. He is aided in this en- 
terprise by his thrifty and business-like wife, and together they have 
liuilt up a most profitable business. Their up-to-date methods and 
management have brought deserved rewards, and the)' rank among the 
foremost citizens of the county. 



Soo SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Mr. Brandow has lived in Humboldt precinct since jMay i, 1869, 
and accordingly ranks among the old settlers. He was born in Upper 
Canada in 1850, and was brought to Chicago in the same year. His 
father, Moses Brandow, was born in Canada, March 12, 1820, and 
died in Huniboldt precinct in 1891. Grandfather Brandow was one 
of four lirothers who came to America and settled in the Catskill moun- 
tains of New York and in Canada. He went to KeKalb county, Illi- 
nois, in 1850, but did not like the country and returned to Canada, but 
was not heard of afterward. Moses Brandow was one of eight chil- 
dren, five sons and three daughters. He was a carpenter by trade, and 
for a time owned and operated a farm in Illinois. He came to Ne- 
braska with five hundred dollars in cash, and paid eight hundred dol- 
lars for a farm of one hundred and sixty acres, with a log house and 
a few improvements, and passed the remainder of his life on this place, 
most of which makes up the present farmstead of his son William, 
who bought out the other heirs. Moses Brandow married Phebe Woods, 
who was born in Canada in 182 1, and died in this county in 1892. 
They were married in 1838, and had seven children: A daughter died 
in infancy; John is a mechanic in Illinois, and has one daughter; Eliza- 
beth, the widow Groesbach, lives in Arizona and has several children 
by two marriages; Thomas was a soldier during the last year of the 
Civil war, and died in Iowa in 1868; William is the fifth of the chil- 
dren ; Angeline Elliott, in Colorado, has four living children ; Emma 
Ray, in California, has two children. 

Mr. William Brandow was educated in Illinois, and after coming 
to Nebraska remained with his parents and helped cultivate the home 
place, and after his parents' death he bought and came into possession 
of one hundred and twenty acres of this farm, and this forms his pres- 
ent place. In 1894 he formed the life partnership which has contrib- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 501 

uted so much to his success. He married, in that year, Miss Nehie 
Matten, who was born in Richardson county, October 8, 1870, a daugh- 
ter of David and EHzabeth (Draper) Matten, the former of Germany, 
the latter of Indiana. Her father came to this country fifty years ago, 
and was a soldier of the Civil war. He was a well-to-do farmer, and 
died at sixty, leaving three sons and two daughters. His wife died 
six months later. Mrs. Brandow is a graduate of the Humboldt schools 
and is a very intelligent and capable woman. She keeps the records 
and accounts of the stock farm, and can give the pedigree of every 
head of stock on the place. Mr. Brandow began the stock business in 
1898, and has since sold as high as twenty-five hundred dollars' worth 
annually. He keeps a herd of Duroc Jersey hogs, all registered, and 
shorthorn cattle, and there are no better animals to be found in the 
state. He paid five hundred dollars for three Duroc Jersey sows, one 
of which he lost, and by his careful management and constant improv- 
ing of breeds has built up a fine trade and keeps a beautiful and valu- 
able herd of cattle and hogs. In his list he has a four-year-old Poll 
Durham bull weighing twenty-three hundred pounds, and as fine a 
specimen as can be found in the county. The one hundred and twenty 
acres of the farm is under the highest state of cultivation, and well 
improved, there being two orchards, good buildings and barns com- 
modious and ample for the accommodation of all the stock and grain. 
Mr. and Mrs. Brandow have no children. They are members of 
the K'nights and Ladies of Security, and are ]\Iethodists. He is a 
Republican, but never aspires to office. He began life without money, 
and his industry and thrift had accumulated a fair amount before his 
father's death. 



502 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

THOMAS W. HUMPHREYS. 

Thomas W. Humphreys, Avho has been engaged in the building 
and contracting business in the town of Johnson, Nebraska, for the 
past thirteen years, has left the impress of his useful activity in three- 
fourths of the buildings of this town and many throughout the county, 
especially within a radius of eighteen miles of Johnson. He is noted 
for his resourceful energy and as a man of push and business acumen, 
and in his dealings has gained the confidence of every patron of his 
skill. As an employer he is generous and helpful, and in every rela- 
tion of life, whether as a citizen, workman or in the confines of his own 
home, has proved himself a man of broad-gauge principles and upright- 
ness and strict integrity. 

Mr. Humphreys was born in Madison county, Iowa, September 
9, 1866, and represents the third generation in the paternal line to 
reside in this country. His grandfather, William Humphreys, was a 
native of Ireland and a farmer, and settled in Virginia in the early 
part of the last century, and died at the age of sixty-five years. He 
married a Miss Underwood, who died about 1834, and they reared 
thirteen children, seven sons and six daughters. Reuben Humphreys, 
the father of Thomas W. Humphreys, was born near Wilmington, 
Vii'ginia, in August, 1833, and in his venerable old age is now resid- 
ing with his son in Johnson, and is still hale and hearty after a long 
and useful life. He married Miss Hannah Johnson, who was the 
mother of four sons and three daughters, two of whom are deceased. 

Mr. Humphreys remained on the farm and engaged m the various 
pursuits incident thereto until he was nineteen years old. He had to labor 
during much of the time that other boys spent in school, and consequently 
had but mieager equipmeiit m book learning. He began learning his 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 503 

trade at the age of nineteen, and began contracting and bnilding in 
Oberlin, Kansas, before he took up his residence in Johnson. Since 
coming to the latter place he has gained a large patronage, and em- 
ployes from four to thirty workmen in the various seasons of the year. 
He erected his own large residence on five acres situated just outside 
the corporation limits though well within the town proper, and on these 
ample and beautiful grounds has his large shop and sheds for his 
tools and machinery. 

February 17, 1896, Mr. Humphreys was married to Miss Florence 
Moren, who was born in Knox county, Illinois, a daughter of Joseph 
and Margaret (Miller) Moren, who were both natives of Preble 
county, Ohio, and came to Knox county, Illinois,, before their marriage, 
and in 1882 removed to Nemaha county, Nebraska. Mr. and Mrs. 
Humphreys have three children: Marie, born November 18, 1896; 
Lula, born September 5, 1898; and Edna, born October 15, 1900. Mr. 
Humphreys is a member of the encampment of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and also of the Modern Woodmen of America. He 
is a stanch Republican in principle, and has been elected to office, but 
has never qualified. Mrs. Humphreys is an active worker in the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and is a most hospitable and charitable 
lady, unwilling to be outdone by her generous husband in good deeds, 
and they are both deserving of the high esteem in which they are held 
by all their friends and acquaintances. 



504 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

JOHN WIRICK. 

John Wirick, who for over fifteen years has been engaged in 
deahng in grain and stock at Johnson, Nemaha county Nebraska, is 
one of the long estabhshed citizens of this county, where lie made his 
arrival in the pioneer times of 1869, when land was cheap, improv- 
ments and cultivation meager, and the country was almost a wilderness, 
but only awaited the hand of the enterprising and industrious settler 
to become an agricultural Eden and a scene of beauty and joy forever. 
Mr. Wirick is numbered among the successful men who have in large 
measure taken advantage of the opportunities offered by this new coun- 
try, and he has progressed from small beginnings to a prominent place 
in the business and agricultural interests of this favored section of 
southeastern Nebraska. He is the more deserving of honor because what 
he has accomplished and what he has in the way of material prosperity 
are entirely the results of his own labor since as a boy hardly entered 
into his teens he took up the struggle for existence on his own account, 
and for many years made a brave and hard fight alone, but ending in 
a happy outcome with a gratifying share of worldly possessions and 
the esteem and respect of his fellow citizens and associates. 

Mr. Wirick was born in Champaign county, Ohio, May 10, 1846, 
a son of George Wirick, of Pennsylvania, in which state he was married, 
about 1840, to Miss Mary Gilbert, also a native of that state, and who 
died early in life leaving three children : Samuel L., who is a farmer in 
Shelby county, Ohio, and has two sons and one daughter; John; and 
Mary Martha, the wife of David Doremire, of Shelby county, Ohio. The 
father of these children was married again and had two sons and three 
daughters. He died in 1872, past middle life, leaving but little property. 
He had made a trip to California in 1853, by the overland route, but 
was sick and met with hard luck while there. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 505 

From the time he was seven years old John Wirick spent but one 
summer and two winters in his father's home. At eleven years of age 
he received a wage of three dohars a month for working on a farm in 
Shelby county, and he was a farm hand in that county for some years, 
his highest wages being eighteen dollars a month. At the age of thir- 
teen he went to live with a farmer till his majority. May 2, 1864, he 
enlisted for the hundi'ed days' service in Company G, One Hundred' and 
Thirty-fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, but he served about Richmond 
and Petersburg for one hundred and twenty days, and in January, 
1865, re-enlisted, being enrolled in Company H, One Hundred and 
Twentieth Ohio Infantry. He was never wounded and did not spend 
a day in the hospital. He was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, 
and discharged at Columbus, Ohio, and reached home in August or 
September, 1865. In March, 1869, he landed in Brownville, Nebraska, 
and for three years rented a farm. He then bought eighty acres in 
Nemaha county at seven dollars an acre, and since that time has been 
constantly progressing and becoming more prosperous. He now owns 
three farms of eighty acres each in Phinney county, Kansas, one of one 
hundred and sixty acres near Huron, South Dakota, besides his farm of 
eighty-five acres in this county. He moved into Johnson in 1891. He 
began the stock-shipping business in 1888, under the firm name of 
Douglass and Wirick for four years, but since that time has been alone. 
For the past seven years he has shipped only hogs. He has sent as 
many as one hundred and thirty cars to market each year, and before 
the cholera began its ravages often shipped seven or eight cars a week. 

March 8, 1866, Mr. Wirick was married in Shelby county, Ohio. 
to Miss Sarah Ellen Young, who was born in that county January 21, 
1846, a daughter of Samuel and Jane (Johnson) Young. Mr. and Mrs. 
Wirick have four children : Samuel L., who is the proprietor of the 



5o6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

flour and grain business in connection with his father; May, who is the 
wife of Norval Clark, of Johnson, and has two children; Earl, who is 
in the stock and grain business with his father ; and Fred, who is a boy 
of fifteen and at home and in school. Mr. Wirick affiliates with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and was a manber of the encamp- 
ment. In politics he is a Republican, and was an unsuccessful candidate 
on that ticket for sheriff of the county. His wife is a member of the 
Methodist church. 



LOUIS J. NUTZMAN. 

Louis J. Nutzman, a cigar manufacturer and dealer of Fairbury, 
Jefferson county, Nebraska, has been prominently identified with the 
growth and prosperity of this favored section of the state for the past 
fifteen years. He has lived in the state since boyhood, even before the 
territory was admitted to statehood, so that he has grown up with the 
country and is personally acquainted with the most important events in 
its progress. He has the reputation of an astute and sapient business 
man, and his energy and enterprise have also extended to matters af- 
fecting the public welfare and necessary to the upbuilding of the city. 

Mr. Nutzman was born in the city of Buffalo, New York, Septem- 
ber 5, 1857, second in order of birth of the eight children of Henry 
and Minnie (Schmidt) Nutzman, both of whom were natives of Ger- 
many and emigrated to America and settled in Buffalo in 1854. In 
1865 the family came to Nebraska, where Henry Nutzman died in 
1898. 

Mr. Nutzman began the battle of life on his own account at the age 
of fourteen years. In 1871 he became an apprentice to the cigar-making 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 507 

business, and after learning the trade engaged in business for himself. 
He took up his permanent location in Fairbury in 1888, and at the pres- 
ent time has two retail stores. One is located on the west side of the 
square, and to this he gives his personal supervision, while his main 
factory and other store is at 310 E street, this being in charge of his son. 
He employs three men in the manufacturing department, and has a good 
and growing trade, reaching into the surrounding counties. 

Mr. Nutzman was married in Richardson county, Nebraska, in 
1881, to Miss Kate Bickel, who is also a native of Buffalo, New York, 
and of German extraction. They have six children : Adam, Florence, 
Louis, Edwin, Charles L. and Frederick. In politics Mr. Nutzman is 
a stanch Republican and takes an active part in local politics. He is 
serving his second term as city clerk, and is also justice of the peace, 
having been elected in 1898. He is prominent in the various fraternal 
orders, affiliates with Fairbury Lodge No. 19, Knights of Pythias, in 
which he has passed all the chairs, has represented the grand lodge and 
is now master of finances in the subordinate; is allied with the Knights 
and Ladies of Security, No. 49, the Maccabees, Tent No. 51, Piute Tribe 
No. 54 of the Red Men, Royal Highlanders No. 149, and the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles, No. 149, all of this city. 



JOHN AUMILLER. 

John Aumiller, who is now one of the prominent agriculturists and 
stock-raisers at Johnson, Nebraska, has been a resident of Nebraska 
for over twenty years, the exact date of his arrival being August i, 
1880. The early part of his life was devoted to the profession of the 
ministry, which he followed for a number of years, and was stationed at 



5o8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

several places in this state. He has throughout his life been a progres- 
sive, enterprising, high-minded man, useful in every commtinity where 
he has made his home, and after devoting a proper share of his energies 
to acquiring his own prosperity has given his public-spirited efforts to 
the upbuilding and betterment of his fellow men and their material con- 
ditions. He is well known and popular in Nemaha county, and is es- 
teemed for his individual worth and excellence and his sterling qualities 
of true manhood. 

Mr. Aumiller was born in Crawford county, Ohio, December i6, 
1847, ^"<1 is of excellent colonial ancestry on both sides of the house. 
His grandfather, John Aumiller, was a native of Pennsylvania and was 
a soldier in the war of 1812. He died when past middle life, in Penn- 
sylvania. His wife was a Miss Roe, also of Pennsylvania, and she 
lived to be an octogenarian and died in Indiana, and Mr. Aumiller re- 
members this grandmother. They reared three sons : George, who died 
in Elkhart county, Indiana, leaving three sons and three daughters; 
John., who died in Pennsylvania in young manhood ; and Daniel. 

Daniel Aumiller was born in Union county, Pennsylvania, in Octo- 
ber, 1809, and received a good common school education in that state. 
He was a brickmason and a contractor and builder, which pursuits he 
followed for thirty-three years, being a very successful business man. 
He spent three years in learning the trade of brickmason, being paid 
but thirty-three and a third dollars a year and furnishing his own clothes. 
After completing his apprenticeship he walked all the way to Tiffin, 
Ohio, and invested his savings in eighty acres of government land. At 
the time of his death, when seventy-three years old, he left several farms 
in Ohio and in the west, owning altogether seven tracts, which aggre- 
gated over eleven hundred acres. He was a Univeralist in religion, 
while his wife was of the Lutheran faith. He was married about 1835 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 509 

to Miss Sarah Bover, who was bom in Pennsylvania in 18 16 and died 
at the age of eighty-three years. She was a noble and energetic woman, 
and much of the care of the home and family devolved on her during 
the absence of her husband at his work as contractor, and she shared 
in the success which came to their efforts. They were the parents of 
eleven children, as Tollo\vs : George Daniel, born in 1836, died in Craw- 
ford county, Ohio, when nearly thirty years old, leaving one son and 
one daughter; Emanuel lives in Crawford county and has two sons; 
Melissa, the wife of Frederick Wiseman, died in Ohio' at the age of 
fifty-seven, leaving three children ; Sarah A. is the wife of John Gear- 
hart, in Sheridan county, Missouri, and has three living children; Miss 
Julia is a dressmaker at Bucyrus, Ohio; John is the next member of 
the family; Almira, the wife of D. K. Spahr, died in Ohio aged about 
thirty, leaving two children ; Amelia is the wife of John W. Pittman, 
and they have been residents of Montgomery county, Kansas, for over 
thirty years ; IMary, the wife of Oscar Robinson, died in Kansas in 
1882 ; Emma is the wife of John Nichols, of Crawford county, Ohio ; and 
Charles is also a farmer of Crawford county, and is married. 

In 1872 Mr. John Aumiller became a member of the United Breth- 
ren church, after which he took a three years' course in biblical theology. 
He was ordained an elder and in 1876 was appointed to the charge of 
the church at Attica, Ohio. In the following year he was at the Chi- 
cago Junction church, and in 1880 was sent to Crete, Nebraska, and was 
also located at Beatrice, Blue Springs and Lincoln, his ministerial labors 
continuing for seven years. He located on a farm in Nemaha county in 
1882, and lived there until 1889, in which year he moved to University 
Place, a suburb of Lincoln, where he resided two years while his daugh- 
ter was receiving her education. He returned to Johnson in 1891, and 
in the following year built his fine two-story residence, which is one of 



5IO SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

the architectural adornments of the town. He owns a farm of three 
hundred acres in the county, and also has a section of land in Decatur 
county, Kansas. He has been in the stock business on an extensive scale, 
and still handles and feeds many cattle and hogs. His home is truly a 
l^lace of beauty and domestic comfort. The large lawn which surrounds 
the dwelling is made especially attractive by some thirty-five red cedar 
bushes, which are kept neatly trimmed into cone-shaped mounds some 
five feet high, besides a variety of ornamental trees. In 1902, while at 
Nebraska city, he cut some limbs of a weeping willow tree at J. Sterling 
Morton's Home (by name "Arbor Lodge"), which he brought home 
and planted on his lawn, and which are now living and doing Avell. 
September 5, 1871, Mr. Aumiller was married to Miss Susan She- 
mer, who was born in Stark county, Ohio, August 27, 1850, a daughter 
of John and Mary Magdeline (Wickard) Shemer, the former of whom 
was brought from his native Switzerland to America when eight years 
old, and the latter was a native of Stark county. Of these parents, the 
mother died in Crawford county, Ohio, at the age of seventy-three, but 
the fadier is still living, active in body and mind, at the age of eighty- 
four. They were farmers, and reared ten children. Mrs. Aumiller was 
educated in the public schools, and remained at home until her marriage. 
]\Ir. and Mrs. Aumiller have one child, Emma Grace, who is the wife 
of L. P. Welch, of Nebraska City, and is the mother of six children, as 
follows: Hazel Ruth Welch, a bright little girl of twelve; John Guy, 
aged ten; Gladys Fern, aged eight; Herschel V., six; Jennie Lucile, 
four; and Willa, three years old. These children are the joy and pride 
of both parents and grandparents. Mr. Aumiller affiliates with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and in politics, though reared in the 
faith of the Democracy, is a Republican, but has declined all official 
preferment. 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 511 

JOHN F. HOLTGREWE. 

John Holtgrewe, who has been a leading merchant at Johnson, 
Nemaha county, for the past fifteen years, deaHng in dry-goods, cloth- 
ing, groceries and all the staple articles demanded by the trade, is one 
of the enterprising individuals who are responsible for much of the 
growth and prosperity of towns like Johnson. He is essentally a busi- 
ness man, both by training and instinct, and, beginning with no capital 
except his earnings, he has been progressing toward prosperity ever since 
he left the home farm and took up mercantile life. 

Mr. Holtgrewe was born in Franklin county, Missouri, May 20, 
1857, of German parentage and inheriting many of the best characteris- 
tics of that race. His father, John H. Holtgrewe, was born in Hanover, 
Germany,, in October, 1819, and married Miss Anna Catherine Pohlman, 
who was born in Westphalia, Germany, September 29, 1825, and who 
came to America with her parents. John H. Holtgrewe died in Decem- 
ber, 1897, and his wife in August, 1890, leaving a good estate which 
they had made through their own diligent efforts. They began their 
domestic life in this conutry in the heavy timber of Missouri, on govern- 
ment land for which they paid the regular price of a dollar and a quar- 
ter an acre, and some land they purchased for as little as a bit an acre. 
There were two hundred and forty acres in the home farm, and they 
also owned other farms. These worthy people were Lutherans in faith 
and afterward of the Evangelical church. He had enjoyed very little 
schooling in Germany, and when he wrote his first letter home after 
coming to America it was a whole day's labor. He at once resolved to 
learn to read and write English, which he did. There were nine chil- 
dren born to these parents, as follows: Mary, born in 185 1, is the wife 
of Frank Meyer, a cai-penter in Missouri; Henr}-, bom in 1853, is a 
large farmer in Otoe county, Nebraska; Herman, born in 1855, is a resi- 



512 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

dent of Johnson ; John F. is the fourth in order of birth in the family ; 
Wilhehnina died when two years old; Annie, born in 1862, is the wife 
of Henry Birkman, a farmer in Nemaha county; Caroline, born in 1864, 
is the wife of Henry Damme, a merchant of Talmage, Nebraska ; Fred, 
born December 29, 1868, is manager of a lumber yard in Johnson, and 
is unmarried; and William, born in 1871, is also manager of a lumber 
yard at Talmage. 

John F. Holtgrewe attended the common schools of Missouri until 
he was seventeen, and was also in school one year after he had reached 
his majority. iHe remained at home until he was twenty-six years old, 
and in 1884 began clerking in a store in Talmage, Nebraska. His first 
business on his own account was in western Nebraska, but on account of 
a severe drought he was compelled to leave within five months. He 
came to Johnson in the fall of 1889, and has made this town the center of 
his business activity ever since. He had a capital of twenty-five hundred 
dollars, all of which 'had been saved from his earnings. His lowest 
salary as a clerk was twenty dollars a month and board, and his highest 
four hundred dollars a year, but from this he had made his start and 
gained that ^•antage ground in the business world from which he has 
never had to retreat. He has conducted a steadily gTO\ving business, 
carrying at present a stock worth thirty thousand dollars, and employ- 
ing from two to four salesmen. He owns one of the large stores of the 
town, twenty-five by eighty feet in dimensions, and also rents another 
building of the same size. He purchased his pleasant home in 1891, and 
he also owns two tenant houses in the town and a section of land in 
Chase county, Nebraska. 

'Sir. Holtgrewe was married January 7, 1892, to ]\Iiss Emilie Blinde, 
who was born February 16, 1873. Her father, August Blinde, was from 
Germany, and became a farmer in Lafayette county, Missouri, where he 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 513 

was married to Bertha Walkenhorst, also of Germany. They have since 
removed from their farm and have built in Johnson a brick hotel, which 
they are now conducting. Mr. and Mrs. Holtgrewe have four children: 
Bertha, born December 13, 1893; August, born October j8. 1896; Clara, 
born March 24, 1900; and Ida, born January 4, 1903. 



REV. CONRAD DEUBLER. 

Rev. Conrad Deubler, the beloved pastor of the Zion Lutheran 
church at Johnson, Nebraska, is practically the founder and builder of 
this congregation, with which he has been connected as its official head 
since its inception over twenty years ago. The church edifice was dedi- 
cated October 4, 1S83, 'i"c^ Rev. Deubler. fresh from his theological 
studies, at that time entered upon the task of developing, in the strength 
and love of the Lord, a society which should be influential for good 
throughout this communit)-. The heads of nine families composed the 
official church register in that day of small beginnings, and their names 
are as follows : George Ihrig, Jacob Schafifer, John Kaiser, John Schmidt, 
Charles Wagner, T. Klugherz, H. H. Berg, Fred Woerlen and Joseph 
Sadtler. The congregation has since had a steady growth, and there 
are sixty families represented in the church at the present time. Mr. 
Deubler has devoted himself without stint to this noble work, and has 
not only gained the love and esteem of his parishioners, but is respected 
throughout the community for his ability, his kindness and benevolence 
and his public-spirited citizenship. He is the owner of an eighty-acre 
farm about three miles from the church, but his time is now almost en- 
tirely taken up by his ministerial duties. He is the teacher of the 
parochial school, the confirmation session lasting from the first of Janu- 



514 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

ary to Easter, and the parochial term from Easter to July i and from 
September to Xovember. 

Rev. Deubler was born in the grand duchy of Hessen, Germany, 
February 19, 1863. His grandfather was a watchman in the govern- 
ment forests. His father, Johannes Deubler, is still living in Ger- 
many at the age of sixty-nine, having followed the occupation of farm- 
er and barber. He married Catherine Riedel, who died in Germany 
in January, i8g6, at the age of fifty-one years. Her father was a brick 
and stone mason. Johannes Deubler and wife reared four of their five 
children, as follows: Rev. Deubler: Mrs. Eliza Koch, who is a widow 
in Germany and has one child; George, who is a farmer in Nemaha 
county, Nebraska, and has three sons and one daughter, and Johannes, 
unmarried, who is a farmer in Germany. 

Rev. Deubler ]iassed the first seventeen years of his life in Germany, 
and was educated in the private schools. August 18. 1880, he arrived 
in Alendota, Illinois, where he spent three years in the Lutheran Tiie- 
ological Seminary, being graduated June 13, 1883, and at once entered 
the ministry. November 26, 1885, Thanksgiving day, he married Miss 
Emilie Stutheit, \\lio was born in Clayton county, Iowa, November 10, 
1866. Her grandfather came over from Germany and was a farmer 
in Bremer county, biwa, whence he came in Nebraska in 1866. He 
died at the age of eighty-one, and his wife at the age of seventy-four, 
and they had a family of nine children. Mrs. Deubler's father, B. F. 
Stutheit. was born in Hano\-er, Germany, and was brought to this 
country when an infant. He married Catherine Hempler, who was 
born in Oldenburg, Germany, October 4, 1S39, and came to America 
in 1839, being twelve weeks on the ocean voyage. She died in Johnson 
county, Nebraska, at the age of forty-nine, leaving all her eleven 
children, and her husband was again married, having a son by his sec- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 5i.t 

ond union, and all the twelve children are still living. J\lr. and Mrs. 
Deubler lost a daughter in infancy, and now have eight children: Rosa, 
a girl of sixteen, who was educated in both German and English; 
Eleanor, aged fifteen, also through school and having taken the Ger- 
man and English courses here; Charlotte, aged twelve years: Emilie, 
aged ten ; Freddie, aged seven ; Emma, three years old ; and Conrad and 
Ottilic, twins, who were bom Mav 2^. IQO^. 



BENJAMIN H. BAILEY. 

Benjamin H. Bailey, who has been the postmaster of tlie town of 
Brock for the past six years, has been a resident of this community 
since 1870, so that he is one of the old settlers and almost a pioneer 
of this part of the state. He has been engaged in business for a num- 
ber of years, and is numbered among- the foremost citizens . of the 
town and surrounding country, where he is well known and popular. 
He is one of the men who seem to distribute their time and attention 
to the various affairs of life in proper proportion and thus become well 
nmnded and symmetrical characters, and business, civil, social and do- 
mestic duties have all made requisition on his interest and been given 
a due place in his career, with the result that he is a man of broad 
experience and a largeness of mind fit to undertake any or all responsi- 
bilities which have fallen to his lot in an unusually active and useful 
life. 

Mr. Bailey was born in Chester count)-, Pennsylvania, June 26, 
T843. H's father, ^^■illian1 Bailey, was born in the same county, ]\Iarch 
20, 1807, and was killed by the cars in Bmck, Nebraska, in 1889, when 
almost eightv-two years of age. He was left an orphan at the age 



oi6 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

cf seven years, and his life was largely one of self-achievement. He 
■\vas a farmer in Pennsylvania, and in Cedar county, Iowa, for three 
years, and in 1873 came to Nebraska, where he spent the rest of his 
life, having accumulated a fair amount of property for his use in 
old age. In 183 1 he married Mary Holstein, who was born in Penn- 
sylvania in 1812, and was a daughter of Benjamin Holstein, a German. 
She died in Auburn, Nebraska, in 1881. She and her husband were 
both of Quaker descent, and joined the Methodist church. They Averc 
the parents of six children ; Sarah, the wife of John Eastwood, in 
Colorado; Mary, who married Isaac Bailey and later \\'i]liam jMahony, 
and resides in Tipton, Iowa, having two children; Martha, who died in 
Pennsyhania at the age of twenty-one; Benjamin H. ; Catherine, who 
is the wife of James Smith, in Ivansas, and has four children; and Eli- 
sha, a railroad engineer, who was killed in a railroad wreck in Phila- 
delphia, leaving two sons. 

Benjamin H. Bailey had a common school education and was also 
in an academy, which he left to go to the war. He enlisted in August, 
1862, and served ten months, after which he came home, but soon vol- 
unteered for a second time, and before the war was over had offered 
his services to the government three times. He was finally discharged 
in 1865, and for the following two years and a lialf attended what is 
now Freeland College, near Philadelphia. He farmed in Pennsylvania 
until he came to Nebraska in 1870, and also followed that occupation 
for some years in this state. He was in the lumber business in Brock 
for fourteen years, part of the time with Could and Company, the for- 
mer a relative of Jay Goukl. He was appointed postmaster si.\ years 
ago, in 1897, and has gi\'en his time and attention to that position since. 

October 4, 1866, Air. Bailey married Miss Sarah Smith, of Hope- 
well, Pennsylrania, and a daughter of James and Sarah (McCIurg) 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 517 

Smith, the former of Irish and the latter of Scotch ancestry. Her 
jjarents hved in Oxford, Pennsylvania, where her father was a cabinet- 
maker and an nndertalvcr, and Mrs. Bailey is the third of six children, 
the others being as follows : Nancy, who is the widow of Lafayette 
Bradley, living near the old home in Pennsylvania, and has fi\-e chil- 
dren; Ann died at the age of ten years; Samuel, wlio lives in Oxford, 
Pennsylvania, and has ten children; ^lary, wlio is the wife of John 
McFadden, in Pennsylvania, and has four children ; and James, of Irv- 
ing, Rlansas, who married l\Ir. Bailey's sister, and has four children. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bailey have had three children : Mary Louisa, who is the 
wife of Edwin C. Huston, and has three living children; James Walter, 
wlio is a grain merchant in Brock, and married Xellie Cathcart, by 
A\-hom he has one son ; and Harry, who died at the age of five years. 

Mr. Bailey is a Royal Arch IMason, and is past master of Lodge 
No. 162 in Brock. He has passed all the chairs in the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and in Roberts Post No. 104, of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, i:. a past commander, quartermaster, and has held 
other of the important offices. He is also a member of the Eastern 
Star. He is a stanch Republican, and he and his wife are Methodists, 
he being a steward and trustee of the church and superintendent of 
the Sunday-school. He resides in the pleasant home which he erected 
twenty years ago, and the family are held in high esteem in the town 
and vicinity. 



5i8 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

WILLIAM HENRY HAWLEY. 

William Henry Hawlej', a prominent retired agriculturist of La- 
fayette precinct. Brock postoffice, on mail route No. i, Nemaha county, 
now lives on a farm of one hundred and sixty choice acres, the remainder 
of a section of land which he owned up to a few years ago. He is one 
of the old settlers of this county, and has had a ]irosperous career here 
of over forty years. He and his wife are well ac(|uainted with pioneer 
conditions and hardships, and for that reason can appreciate the bless- 
ings and comforts of the twentieth century far more than one who has 
been surrounded by them all his life. Everything bears a different 
face from what it did when he first came to this portion of southeastern 
Nebraska, and the real develpoment of the state has taken place since 
that time. Besides taking such an active part in the material progress, 
he has been prominent as a citizen, and his seventy-five years of life 
ha\-e been well spent in performing his duty as he saw it, rewarding 
him now with the esteem and regard of all with whom his career has 
been related. 

Mr. Hawley was born at Stansted, county Kent, twenty-one miles 
south from London, England, on February 22. 1830. His father, 
Thomas Hawley, was born in the same old brick mansion. October 17, 
1803, and died at the present home of Mr. Hawley in Nebraska, in his 
eighty-eighth year. He and his father, John Hawley, were of the yeo- 
manry of England, \-oters and owners of large estates. He had only 
one brother, who died at the age of forty without heirs, and there are 
now no blood relations in England. Thomas Hawley was married in 
England in 1824 to Miss Rebecca Venner, who was born in the same 
county in England as her husljand, in 1805. They had six children, 
three sons and three daughters. Thomas B., born in 1826, was an Eng- 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 519 

lish marine, a modest and upright man, and in 1861 enlisted from Rock- 
county, Wisconsin, in tlie artillery. Van Cle\e"s Division, was captured 
at Rosecran's defeat, and was starved to death while a prisoner of war 
in Andersonville. Jane, the wife of George Vick, of Rochester, Xew 
York, died at the age of sixty-six, leaving four of her five children by 
her first husband, George Waghorn, and three of her children are now- 
living in California. William Henry was the next in order of birth. 
Ann died in England at the age of fourteen. Eliza, the wife of Joseph 
Vick, of Rochester, New York, died there in October, 1902. Richartl 
A. is interested in nfining in California, and has two sons and three 
daughters. The mother of these children dictl in 1877, when nearly 
seventy-two years old. She and her husbantl and family had come to 
America in 1849, landing in Xew York on May 6. after a sailing voyage 
of twenty-six days, in which two squalls had carried away the main 
mast and the mizzen mast. They made their first permanent home in 
Monroe county, Xew York, near Rochester, where they lived about five 
years, lived in Rock county, Wisconsin, for ten years, and came to 
Nebraska in 1867. 

William Henry Hawley received most of his schooling in America, 
and his first purchase of land was in Wisconsin, consisting of forty 
acres, and he improved this and sold it at a good figure. He first came 
to X^ebraska on April i, 1858, and filed a pre-emption, but did not 
pro\e up on it as he returned three months later to R(~ick county, Wis- 
consin. In October, 1861, he came on with his wife and two daughters, 
and homesteaded the one hundred and sixty acres on which he now has 
his home. He was the nineteenth applicant in the first district. He 
built a frame house, paying fifteen cents a ])<uuul for shingle nails and 
ten cents for common sizes, and four dollars for the eight by ten panes 
of glass which made up the one wintlow in the house. He began his 



S20 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

career here at the bottom, but has prospered, and has bought and traded 
a good deal of land in the county. As one illustration of pioneer condi- 
tions, in 1863 he took fifteen bushels of corn to Brownville and received 
but ten cents a bushel for it, while he had to pay fifty-five cents a yard 
for calico and sixty cents for unbleached muslin. \\'hen he came here 
there was one puny bo.x-elder on the place, and its bent trunk gave it 
the appearance of going into decline. He has planted a variety of trees 
around his house, which is now completely embowered, and also around 
liis fields, and some of his outbuildings are built of the lumber which 
these trees fiumished. From one tree he cut and planted over one hun- 
dred Cottonwood sprouts, and there are many large trees which were 
planted as tender shoots by him forty years ago. He and his son are 
enterprising farmers, and have carried on operations on a large scale, 
raising as high as eleven thousand bushels of corn annuallv, and in 
^903 his son sowed two hundred and twenty acres of wheat. 

February 21, 1856, INIr. Hawley was married to Miss Eliza A. 
Walton, who was born in England in 1837. Her father, Thomas 
Walton, was an English farmer, and her mother was Sarah Dolden, 
whose brothers were prominent merchants in England. They came 
from England and settled in Oneida county, New York, near Water- 
\-dle, thence moved to Madison county, and from there, in 1847, to 
Wisconsin, where Mr. and Mrs. Hawley met each other. Seven chil- 
dren have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Hawley. Emma died in Nebraska 
when fourteen years old. Ella is the wife of Thomas Smith, and has 
two daughters. Richard T., who was graduated from the Peru nor- 
mal, is an able and prosperous farmer on two hundred and eighty acres 
across the road from his father, and he has a wife and two sons and 
two daughters. Belle is the wife of Jake 'Huffman, a fruit farmer at 
Auburn, and has three daughters and a son. Cora is the wife of George 



i 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 521 

Sapp, a fanner on part of this farm, and lias three children. Grace 
A'ictoria died liere aged one year. Daisy Blanche was edncated in the 
Lincoln Normal School, where she was graduated in the vocal depart- 
ment of music, and she has been a piano teacher for the past fourteen 
years, and has also been organist at the Brock Baptist church. She 
sings soprano and alto and plays her own accompaniment and her broth- 
er is also a musician and plays and sings. This musical talent is in- 
herited from both sides of the house, and the whole family have musical 
inclinations. IMr. Hawley has been a member of and an organizer of 
four secret orders in this vicinity. He has usually been Republican in 
principle, but of late has been Prohibitionist. He has served as register 
of votes, served a short time as justice of the peace and for twenty-three 
years as school director and treasurer. He and his wife are members 
of the Baptist church, and he has been a deacon for thirty-three years. 



HARVEY A. BROWN. 

Harvey A. Brown, a highly respected citizen of the town of 
Brock, Lafayette township, Nemaha county, and who has for some 
years conducted the leading nursery of this part of the county, is a citi- 
zen of long and honorable standing in southeastern Nebraska, where he 
has lived since 1869. He has been very active in the industrial and 
civic life of the county, much of his efficient work being in visible 
e\idence in many of the houses of Brock and vicinity, which he as a 
carpenter and contractor erected. He is a man of undoubted worth 
and substantialit}-, and his record in all the affairs of business and 
private relations has been above reproach and highly creditable to his 
sterling manhood. 



522 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Mr. Brown belongs to one of the old families of the country, mem- 
bers of which were good citizens of the east long before the colonies 
won their freedom and became an independent nation. His great- 
grandfather, Sylvanus Brown, was a native of Vermont, and during 
the Revolution was one of the doughty and valiant minute-men famous 
in this country's history. He married Keziah Cushman, and they 
moved to New York state in an early day and settled in the wilds of 
Oneida county, where he lived to an advanced age. Harvey Brown, 
their son and the grandfather of ]\Ir. Brown, was born in Oneida 
county, and by his wife Ruth Vaughn liad six children: Ancil H., 
Eunice, Keziah, Sarah and Jennett, and one that died young. 

Ancil H. Brown, the oldest of Harvey Brown's children, was 
born in Oneida county. New York, September 21, 1818, and was reared 
on a farm and received an academic education. He studied for the 
ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church and was adiuitted to the 
conference, but was assigned to a charge in which the work and the 
exposure were so severe that his health broke down and he was forced 
to retire. He then engaged in farming, and also did service as a local 
preacher, which, in fact, he ccmtinued until his f)ld age. He moved 
to Wisconsin in 1852 and lived there until he came to Nebra.ska in 1869. 
He was located on a farm in Lafayette township, Xemaha county, 
until a few years ago, when he and his good wife retired into the city 
lit P)rock, where they have a nice home, are enjoying good health in 
their okl age, and have celebrated their sixty-third wedding anniver- 
sary. In June, 1840, he was married, in New York, to Miss Eliza 
r7il!:)crt, who was born in Oneida county, .\pril 2-j. 1821, a daughter 
of Joel and Mary ( Sturdivant ) Gilbert. They became the parents of 
six children: F.llen E., the wife of Henry Sherman; Sarah E., the 
wife of J. ]\I. Campbell, a merchant of Brock; Harvey A.; Riley A.; 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 523 

Maneroia, the wife of J. P. Johnson, of Johnson, Xemalia count)'; 
and Adella A., at home. 

Harvey A. Brown was horn in Oneida county. New York, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1849, heing- third in liis father's family. He hved with his 
parents until he was twenty-one, and enjoyed a common school edu- 
cation. He was taken to ^^'isconsin when he was five years old, and 
was living- there at the time of the Civil war. On his sixteenth birth- 
day he enlisted in Company H, Forty-ninth Wisconsin Volunteer In- 
fantry, and ser\-ed till the clise of the war, seeing duty in Missouri and 
the southwest and being in s(ime skirmishes with the bushwhackers. 
He was discharged at Madison and returned home, where he learned the 
carpenter's trade, which he followed for many )-ears. 'He came to 
Nebraska with the rest of the family in 1869, and as a contractor and 
builder constructed most of the houses in Brock and manv throughout 
the county, the large schoolhouse in Johnson being among the number. 
In 1882 he moved into the town of Brock and engaged in contracting 
and building until 1896, when ]ie engaged in the nursery Inisiness, 
which he has carried on very successfidly. He has a nice residence 
in the southwest part of town, situated on the ten acres where he raises 
his fine fruit and keeps his large stock of trees and shrubs of all des- 
criptions needed for sale in the country round. 

November 15, 1871, Mr. Brown was married to IMiss Hester .A. 
Hogue, who was born in Greene county, Ohio, August 9, 185 1. Her 
parents were Ceorge and Mary Killin Hogue, natives respectively of 
Pennsylvania and Ohio, and they came to Nebraska in 1866, locating 
in Nemaha county, where he died at the age of seventy and she at the 
age of thirty-two. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have had six children : "Slyv- 
tie A. is the wife of George Corryell, and they have one son, R. Earl 
Corrvell ; \\'ilford married Elsev Young and has one son, Ancil H. ; 



524 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Luzetta B. is the wife of Sidney Young; Ruth L. Marie is at home; 
\\'allace A. died at the age of seven months; and Winnifred A. died 
at the age of nine }-ears. ]\Ir. Brown is a stanch Republican, and has 
served liis township as constable. Fraternally 'he affiliates with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Modern Woodmen of 
America. 



FREDERICK J. HAHN. 

Frederick J- Hahn is one of the prominent agriculturists of Lafay- 
ette precinct, Nemaha county, and is one of a family which owns in the 
aggregate over two thousand acres of Nemaha county land, a large 
part of which estate \\as built up by the fine business management and 
industry of the father. Mr. Hahn is progressive and up-to-date in all 
his methods and is an exponent of high-class Nebraska farming. Also 
as a citizen and friend and neighbor he is held in high esteen through- 
out his community, and is a man of the strictest integrity and sterling 
manhood. His farmstead is one of the beautiful spots which man and 
nature together ha\e brought to the highest point of productiveness 
and profit. ^He has a fine large farm house, of two stories and seven 
rooms, and the handsome barn, painted in red and white, is twenty- 
four by thirty-two feet, and all the other ecjuipments and improvements 
are such as mark the model farm. He each year grows about sixty 
acres of corn, producing from thirty-five to fifty bushels to the acre, and 
aliout sixty acres of wheat. He keeps some good cattle and horses, 
and from twent}-five to one hundred Poland China hogs. 

Mr. Hahn was born in Peoria county, Illinois, January 21, 1861. 
His father, Henry Hahn, was born in Germany, December 4, 1832, 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 525 

and died in Nemaha county, Nebrasi<a, October 30, 1899. In his young 
manhood he came to America, being forty-two days on tlie ocean voy- 
age. He had enjoyed good educational advantages, and was reared 
to farm hfe. He had only enough money to pay his way to this coun- 
try, and after arriving here worked out by the month and the year for 
some time, but was soon started on Ids prosperous career. After iiis 
marriage he was in the cnal-mining regions of Pennsylvania for a 
time, and then came to Illinois, where he was a tenant farmer until 
1 87 1. In that year he started for Nebraska, driving three horses to a 
prairie schooner, and made his arrival in Johnson in the fall of that 
year. He possessed only a few hundred dollars at the time, and he 
bought one hundred and sixty acres of raw prairie land at five dollars 
an acre. This was the nucleus around whicii his efforts and untiring 
diligence Ijuilt up a handsome property. At the time of his death he 
owned i'wft hundred and twenty acres in four farms, and with what his 
sons own the family estate now comprises twenty-two hundred and 
sixty acres. 

Henry Hahn, after he had got a start in the new world, married 
the girl with whom he had attended school, and wdio was one day his 
juriior in age. He and Catherine Lehn came to America on the same 
ship, and they spent many }-ears of happy married life together, and 
she is still living, acti\'e in mind and body, and greatly beloved by the 
children whom she has reared to noble manhood and womanhood. 
Of their large family of children, eleven are living at the present 
time, as follows : Christine is the wife of Jacob Lehm, a farmer in 
Johnson county, Nebraska, and has fourteen children; Catherine is the 
wife of August Elciste, of riiillipsburg, Kansas, and has four children; 
Frederick J. is the next of the family; J. H. Hahn lives in Kansas and 
has six children; Jacob, who resides in this neighborhood, has eight 



526 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

children; George, also in tliis \-icinity, lias se\-en children; ]\Iary is 
the wife of Chris Ritter, of Oklahoma territory, and has ten children ; 
Barbara is the wife of Phillip Schocne, of Norton, Nebraska, and has 
five children ; Charles J. lives in this neighborhood and has six children ; 
Emma is the wife of Charles Smith, a farmer of Johnson county, and 
has four living children and two deceased : Lizzie is the wife of Henry 
Coleman and has two children. 

Frederick J. Hahn remained at home until his marriage, which 
occurred when he was twenty-two years old, February zj. 1883. His 
wife was Miss Catherine Mannschreck, who was bom in Germany,' 
February 26, 1865, a daughter of Christian Mannschreck. They have 
lost an infant daughter, and their eight living children are Mary, 
INIinnie, George, Clara, Rosa and Robert, twins, aged nine years, Flsie, 
aged seven, and Arnold, aged two. Mr. Hahn and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Evangelical church, and in politics he is a Democrat. 



MRS. CATHERINE HAHN. 

Mrs. Catherine Hahn, the widow of Henry Hahn, who died at his 
home in Lafayette precinct, Nemaha county, October 31, 1899, aged 
sixty-six years, is one of the noble pioneer women of southeastern 
Nebraska and the beloved mother of sons and daughters who have 
gained honorable places in the world and displayed true n-anhoocl 
and womanhood in all the relations of life. Mrs. Hahn's maiden name 
was Catherine Lehn. and she was born in the village of Edenkoben, 
Bavaria, German}-, December 15, 1832, in the same place and just one 
day later than lier husband, and they grew up together. Her parents 
were ^lichael and Lizzie (Ochner) Lehn, and thev owned a vinevard 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 527 

and made \Aine. They reared one son and five of their six daughters. 
Fred Lehn followed his sister Catherine to America, in 1865, and one 
of her sisters had come in 1864. Miss Lehn and Henry Hahn came 
to America in 1854, before their marriage, and they were married near 
Reading-, Pennsyh'ania, April 14, 1854. Her husband worked in the 
coal mines there for a time, and they afterward came to Illinois, where 
they both worked for a farmer in Bureau county for two years, after 
which they rented a farm, and lived in that state altogether for thirteen 
years. They came to Nebraska in the fall of 1871 and settled on one 
hundred and sixty acres of raw prairie which he had bought in 186S 
at five dollars an acre. He was very successful, and built the home 
in which his widow still resides, and four others. They 'had twelve 
children, eleven of whom are still living, and their names as well as 
further facts in regard to this interesting family are gi\-en in the biog- 
raphy of the son Frederick J- Hahn. 



FRANCIS BARION REED, M. D. 

Dr. Francis Barion Reed, one of the oldest practicing physicians 
in southeastern Nebraska, has had his home in this state since 1859, 
and has been an esteemed and useful citizen of Peru since 1876. He 
has been a man of much ability in business and professional life, and 
few men at the age of seventy-five can look back on a career of greater 
devotion to duty, family and his own highest interests. He has been 
almost continually engaged in the practice of medicine for over forty- 
five years, and in this most exacting profession has gained high rank 
and a place of esteem as the loved family doctor of many a household. 

Dr. Reed was born in Meigs county, Ohio, December 26, 1828. 



528 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

His grandfather was a farmer and of English descent, and was among 
the earliest settlers of Meigs county, having taken up his residence there 
in 1798. The old farm on which he located in that year is still the 
home of his grandchildren, having been in possession of the three gen- , 
erations for one hundred and five years. Major Reed, the father of 
Dr. Reed, was born in Genesee county, New York, and was eighteen 
years old when he went to ]\Ieigs county, Ohio, with his father. He 
was a blacksmith and farmer, being a strong man both physically and 
mentally, although his early education was much neglected. He served 
in the office of justice of the peace for over forty consecutive years, 
and was everywhere known as a conscientious and high-minded official. 
He was married in Ohio to Miss Sylvania Barstow, of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry, and her family came from Rhode Island. They became the 
parents of ten children, two of whom died in infancy, and but three 
are now living; the eight who grew up are as follows: Sylvester S. 
was an Ohio farmer and died at the age of sixty-five, leaving five 
children ; Manley W. was a farmer in Ohio and died in his sixtieth 
year, leaving seven children; Amanda Alice Chambers died in New 
York, leaving four children ; Maria A. Hoyt, a widow of seventy-nine 
years, is the only living daughter and resides on the old farm in Meigs 
county; C. R. Reed, M. D., was an able physician and surgeon, serving 
in the field and hospital in the Civil war, and died in Middleport, Ohio, 
in 1900, at the age of seventy-three; Franklin, a twin brother of Fran- 
cis B., is a farmer on the old home place in Meigs county; Francis B. 
and his twin brother were the eighth in order of birth; and Cornelia 
S., the deceased wife of Cyrus Rose, left five children. The mother of 
these children died at the age of forty-six, and the father was again 
married, also surviving his second wife. 

Dr. Reed was reared to the life of the Ohio farmer, and received 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 529 

his education in the common schools, and the Ohio Wesleyan Uni- 
versity. He studied medicine in Middleport. Oiiii:>, and graduatetl 
in medicine at the medical department of the Iowa State University. 
He began his practice in Madison county, Iowa, in 1857. and from 
there came to Rock Blufif, Cass county, Nebraska, in 1839, where In 
was engaged in practice until his remo\al to Peru in 1876. In 1862 
he entered the Union army as a private in Company I, First Nebraska 
Infantry, but was taken sick and served most of his period of enlistment 
in the hospital, suffering from lung trouljle. 

Dr. Reed was married in Warren county, Iowa, in October, 1S54, 
to Miss Mary Ross, of Brown county, Ohio. Three children were 
born to them : Franklin Barstow died at the age of two years ; Major 
Francis was a student in the state normal and is now general manager 
and superintendent of the firm of Van Horn, Miller and Company, 
large contractors in mining and railroad construction work, at Laramie, 
Wyoming, and his wife is serving as postmistress; and Eleanor C, the 
wife of J- D- Gra^•es, in the lumber business in Peru, is herself a reg- 
ular practicing physician, being a graduate of the Woman's Hospital 
Medical College in Chicago, and having taken a post-graduate course in 
Baltimore, and she has been in constant practice with the exception of 
one year. This daughter has a large practice, and she and her father 
have a large library of professional and general works. Mrs. Reed 
has been an invalid for the past five }-ears, suffering with paralysis. 
Dr. Reed and his wife and daughter each own a quarter section of land 
in Nemaha county, and he has country and city property in Colorado. 
He has always been Republican in politics, and is prominent in the 
Grand Army circles, having been post commander several times. He 
and his family are ]\Iethodists, and are held in the highest esteem in 
Peru and the surrounding countrv. 



530 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

CARLTON K. CHUBBUCK, M. D. 

Carlton K. Chubbuck, M. D., the pioneer physician of Tecumseh, 
Nebraska, who has been a resident of this city since 1871 and has 
built up a large and lucrative practice here, is a son of James and Par- 
melia ( Iveeney ) Chubbuck. James was a native of Tolland county, 
Connecticut, but later he removed to Bradford county, Pennsylvania, 
and there died in December, 1873, aged seventy-two years. During 
his residence in Pennsjdvania he became a very prominent man and 
held the offices of register of fleeds, associate justice and supervisor. 
His religious home was in the Methodist Episcopal church, in which 
he was class-leader, as well as a Sunday-school teacher for. thirty-five 
years. His wife was born in Black Walnut, Pennsyh-ania. March i, 
1807. 

Dr. Chublnick A\as the youngest of a family of four children, and 
he was born at Orwell, Pennsylvania, October 31, 1837. He received 
an excellent literary education at the seminary at that place. He began 
his medical studies at Binghamton, New York, and was graduated 
from the Susquehanna Medical College of that city in 1857. Follow- 
mg his graduation he was in a dry-goods store in New Orleans for 
two years, and then for some years practiced successfully his profes- 
sion throughout Illinois, residing at Lyndon, and Dixon, that state. 
While living in the latter city he was married at Frances E. Lawton, 
a member of one of the leading families of that place, who came from 
Ohio in i860. Both the parents of Mrs. Chubbuck are now deceased. 

In 1871, as before stated, Dr. Chubbuck located in Tecumseh, 
whre he has firmly established himself in the confidence of the people. 
For thirteen years he has been treasurer of the school board and for 
many years one of its representative members. Fraternally he is a 
prominent Odd Fellow, representing his lodge at the grand lodge 



so UTH EASTERN NEBRASKA . 



531 



of Nebraska; is past great sachem of Nebraska, and has been the rep- 
resentative of the grand lodge of Nebraska at various grand lodges 
at Washington, D. C, and other cities, and he has held all the offices 
of honor in his home lodge. He is also a member of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen. For many years he has served as trustee of the 
"i^rethodist church, of which he is now a deacon. 

His children are as follows, namely: Jennie, wife of Rev. Johnson, 
a well known ^Methodist divine of Nebraska, and thev have two daugh- 
ters, ]Mary and Nellie; Bessie, second daughter of Dr. Chubbuck, who 
died in 1894 aged twenty years, a most sweet and accomplished girl 
whose noble Christian life is an example to others. 



/ REV. PORTER C. JOHNSON. 

Rev. Porter C. Johnson, pastor of the Alethodist Episcopal church 
of Holmes\'ille, Neljraska, was born in Brooklyn, New York, on the 
14th of July, 1836, and comes of a family who were in humble circum- 
stances but industrious and honest. His father, Thaddeus H. Johnson, 
was a native of Greenfield, iMjissachusetts, his ancestors being of Scotch 
origin and early settlers of the old Bay state. A great-uncle of our 
subject fought {or American independence in the Revolutionary war. 
Thaddeus H. Johns(jn spent his early life upon a farm in his native 
state and from there remo\-ed to Brooklyn, New York, where he con- 
ducted a cafe (ir eating house. Politically he was identified with the 
Whig party. Although liberal in religious faith, he never wavered in 
his allegiance to what he believed to be right and was strictly honor- 
.ably in all his dealings with his fellowmen. He died at the age of 
fifty-six years, and his wife, \vho bore the maiden name of Mary Ann 



532 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Rhone, and was of German descent, departed this life at the age of 
thirty-two. To them were born three children, namely : Porter C, 
Edward R., and Marj- L., now deceased. The second son, who is now 
living at North Platte, Nebraska, served with distinction in the United 
States army for some years and was engaged in Indian warfare. 

Porter C. Johnson was principally reared in the city of his birth, 
though much of his early life was spent upon a farm, where he devel- 
oped his muscle in the work of the fields. He is practically a self- 
educated as well as a self-made man, and although he attended school 
to some extent he acquired most of his knowledge by reading and 
study at home. For several years he successfully engaged in teaching 
school and in 1867 entered the Methodist Epi.scopal ministry, being 
connected with the New Jersey conference for eight years. His first 
pastorate was at Heading, that state. At the end i:)f eight years 
he came to Nebraska and joined the conference here. He has had 
several charges, including the churches at Tecumseh, Omaha, and Grand 
Island and served as presiding elder for five years, from 1883 to 1888. 
He is now giving much of his attention towards the raising of an 
endowment fund for the benefit of the superannuated ministers of Ne- 
braska conference. 

When the country became involved in Ci\-il war ~M\-. Johnson 
offered his services to the go\-ernment as a defender of the Union 
cause, enlisting at Easton, Northampton county, Pennsylvania, in Julv, 
1861, as a member of Company B, Third Penns}'lvania Reserve Vol- 
unteer Infantry, under the command of Captain Curtis and Colonel H. 
G. Sicks, of Philadelphia. Mr. Johnson was in the service for fourteen 
months and seven days and took part in several battles and skirmishes. 
He received a skull fracture and was confined to the hospital for two 
and a half months. ' 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 533 

In 1863 Mr. Johnson was united in marriage to Miss Frances 
Vorhees, who died in New Jersey, and at Tecnmseh, Nebraska, he was 
again married, h.is second union being with Miss Jennie Chubbuck, a 
daughter of Dr. C. K. Chubbuck, a pioneer physician of Tecumseh, 
Johnson county, whose sketch appears on anotlier page of this volume. 
Rev. Johnson has two children: Mary C, now the wife of Fred Nor- 
ris. of Table Rock, Nebraska; and Nellie, wife of L. Reid, of Ohiowa, 
this state. 

In his social relations Mr. Johnson is a Knight Templar Mason 
and is a prominent member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
to which fraternity his father also belonged. Our subject has served 
as grand master of the grand lodge of Nebraska. He is connected 
with the Grand Army of the Republic. Being a man of pleasing 
address and good delivery, he has been called upon to dedicate fifteen 
churches in this state, and he is an untiring worker in the Master's 
vineyard, his time and energies being at the service of the church 
whenever needed in any capacity. He is progressive and pubhc-spirited 
and has been an important factor in the upbuilding of this state both 
morally and socially. 



MOSES LANGLEY. 

Moses Langley, a leading farmer of Vesta township, Johnson 
county, is an old settler of the state, having located in Nebraska in 
1866, when it was still a territory. He has been in Johnson county 
for over a quarter of a century, so that he has witnessed its greatest 
growth and development into one of the principal divisions of the 
commonwealth. He has enjoyed a prosperous career, has gained a 



534 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

comfortable share of this world's goods, and as a citizen has won t'he 
esteem and respect of his friends and associates. He responded to 
his country's call only a few weeks after the fall of Fort Sumter, and 
gave most loyal service during the terrible conflict that followed, a 
veteran's record being one of his highest marks of honor. 

jNIr. Langley was born in Scott county. Illinois. April 9, 1839. 
His grandfather, Joseph Langley, \\as born of Irish parents. His 
father, John W. Langley, was one of the early settlers of Illinois, com- 
ing before it was admitted to the Union. He was a carpenter by 
trade, and was a Republican and a memljer of the Methodist church. 
He died in Dallas, Texas, at the age of sixty-seven years. He mar- 
ried Eli2al)eth Nelson, who was born in Ohio, a daughter of Jacob 
Nelson, of English ancestry. At her death she left nine children, six 
sons and three daughters, three of the si.ms being soldiers in the Civil 
war, namely: George, of Company K, Fourteenth Illinois, died in 
Andersonville prison; James was in the Twenty-first Illinois, General 
Grant's regiment: and Moses was in the Fourteenth Illinois. 

Moses Langley was reared on a farm in Scott county, Illinois, 
and gained some literary education in the schools but more practical 
training in the duties at home. In 1861 he went to ^Missouri, and 
while in St. Louis saw the rebel flag floating in some of the streets. 
He then liastened back to Illinois, and on May 5, 1861, enlisted in 
Company K, Fourteenth Illinois Infantry, his captain being W. Cam. 
The colonel was John M. Palmer, who was later a general and for 
years United States senator from Illinois and one of the state's most 
prominent public men. The regiment -went into camp at Jacksonville 
and later at Ouincy. and their first battle was Shiloh. They were 
then at the siege of Corinth. After the siege of Corinth he went to 
■Memphis. He marched all over that part of the country. At this time 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 535 

the regiment belonged to the Fourth Di\ision, Thirteenth Army Corps, 
commanded by S. A. Hulbert. The}- were at the siege of Vicks- 
burg, at Jackson, and were tiien assigned to Sherman's army. Air. 
Langley was soon afterward taken prisoner Ijy the enem}-. and 
was transferred from one prisoir to another and languished in the pen 
at Andersonvihe for one year. He was a large man of two hundred 
pounds when he went in, but weighed only ninety-seven on his final 
release. He was then sent north to Annapolis, from there to Benton 
barricks in St. Louis, and received his honorable discharge at Spring- 
field, Illinois, April 26, 1865. He then returned home, but in the fol- 
lowing year came west to Nebraska and settled in Otoe county, where 
he li\ed for ten years, and since 1876 he has been engaged in farming- 
Johnson county land. 

Mr. Langley was married in Johnson county, in 1870, to Miss 
Lucy Dorsey, who was born and reared in Indiana, a daughter of 
Benjamin F. and Esther (Ramsey) Dorsey. The former was a native 
of Kentucky, and died in Johnson county, Nebraska, in 1900, at the 
age of eighty-one years. He was a carpenter and builder, and in 
politics a Republican. His wife, a native of Ohio, is now living in 
this county at the age of eighty. They had six children, and two 
sons and three daughters are living, and one daughter is deceased. ^^'. 
C. Dorsey, the prominent attorney of Beatrice, is Mrs. Langley's 
nephew. The following children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Langley: Mary Trueman, of Iowa; John, at home; Edith Lewis, of 
Portland, Oregon ; Frank, a railroad man of Iowa ; Ernest, in Johnson 
county; George, at home; Cora, in school; and one that died in infancy. 
Mr. Langley has always voted the Republican ticket. He is a well 
known Grand Army man, and popular in that organization as well as 
with all his associates. 



536 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

S. P. DAVIDSON. 

S. P. Davidson, attorney-at-la\v at Tecumseh, Nebraska, is one 
of tlie leading representatives of liis profession in Johnson county, 
and he has been a resident of this city since 1872. His birth occurred 
in ]\Iacon county, IIHnois, October 8, 1847, ^'^"^'^ li^ is a son of John 
Davidson, a native of South Carohna who settled in Macon county, 
Illinois, in 1 821, being one of the early settlers of that part of the state. 
John was a son of Andrew Dividson, who was a brave soldier in the 
war of 1812. John Davidson married Mary Campbell, who conies of 
one of the best families of Kentucky. His death occurred when he was 
seventy years of age, while his wife died at the age of forty; both were 
members of the Cumberland Presbyterian church, in which they took 
an active part. Five sons and five daughters were born to this worthy 
couple. During the Civil war one of the sons, James C. Davidson, 
was a gallant soldier in the Union army, serving in the One Hundred 
and Sixteenth regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and was mortally 
wounded at Vicksburg and died. 

S. P. Davidson Avas reared in his nati\-e state and received his 
literary education in the public schools of his locality and at the 
Lincoln University. His law studies were pursued under Judge W. 
E. Nelson, of Decatur, Illinois, and he was admitted to the bar of 111- 
nois, Alay 4, 1870. Two years later he came to Tecumseh, Nebraska, 
where he has since built up a large and lucrative practice. Mr. David- 
son has always taken an active part in the deliberations of the Republi- 
can party, and has been honored with positions of responsibility and 
trust, and served as chairman of the state Republican convention upon 
several occasions. Fraternally he is one of the most prominent Masons 
in the state of Nebraska and is a Past Grand Master, a Past Grand High 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 537 

Priest, Past AI. I. Grand Master of Royal Select ^Masters, and Past 
Grand Commander. 

In Lincoln, Illinois, J\Ir. Davidson married Mattie E. Houser, a 
daughter of John Houser, and hy this marriage Mr. and Mrs. David- 
son had three children, namely : Jessie, Nelson and Roscoe B. Mrs. 
Davidson died in 1886, and in 1889 Mr. Davidson married Sidna J. 
Houser, his sister-in-law, by whom he has four children, namely : 
Robert H., Lytha l\l., Melissa L., and Sidna Ruth. 

In religious faith Mr. and Mrs. Davidson are consistent members 
of the Presbyterian church and are very highly esteemed by a wide cir- 
cle of friends. 



GEORGE J. RUBELMAN. 

George J. Rubelman, M. D., physician and surgeon of Tecumseli, 
Nebraska, and one of the popular members of his profession in that 
locality, was born in Linden, Tennessee, May 17, 1854. and he is a 
son of Jacob Rubelman. The latter was born in Germany of a good, 
substantial family noted for its integrity and uprightness of purpose 
and action, and he married Regina Rentz, also a native of Germany. 
The father died February 26, 1898, aged seventy years, and the mother 
died in 1895. The father was in the wholesale harness and saddlery 
business, and being a good business man succeeded very well, and in 
1898 he came to Nebraska, on a visit to the Doctor, where his death oc- 
curred. A good many years of his life were spent in Iowa. 

Dr. Rubelman was reared and educated in Iowa, and graduated 
from Rush Medical College of Chicago in the class of 1880. 
He then located in West Branch, Iowa, from there to Saline county. 
Nebraska, then to Santa Ana, California, then back to Saline countv. 



538 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

Nebraska, and then to Tecumseh, Nebraska, Avhere he located in 1899. 
and where he has built up a large and lucrative practice. 

In 1884 Dr. Rubelman married Miss Kate Smith, of Des Moines, 
Iowa, daughter of A. E. Smith, who served in the Mexican war, and 
died in March, 1863, in Iowa. Her mother also passed away in that 
state, in 1894. Four children have been born to Dr. and Mrs. Rubel- 
man, \iz. : Julia, Harrison, George and Lanore. In politics Dr. Rubel- 
man is a Republican and takes an active part in local matters. Fra- 
ternally he is a Knight Templar Mason, being connected with lodge and 
chapter of Tecumseh, and with Commandry No. 36 of Santa Ana, 
California. Dr. Rubelman is a man of fine physique, standing six feet 
two inches high, and weighing two hundred and fort)- pnunds. He is 
genial and courteous in manner and has made many friends among the 
people of Tecumseh, although he has only resided in the city for five 
years. 



TRUMAN E. FAIRALL, M. D. 

Truman E. Fairall, M. D., a physician and surgeon of Tecumseh, 
Nebraska, has been identified with this prospering city since 1879, 
and is one whose skill and professional ability have gained him prom- 
inence in the profession. He was born December 13, 1851. at Accident, 
Maryland, of a family noted for its connection with public affairs and 
social standing in that state. He is a son of Richard Fairall, who 
served as a soldier during the Civil war, a member of the celebrated 
Black Horse cavalry of Maryland. He was wounded in the service, 
and died at the age of fifty-five years, a man who was respected by all 
who knew him. His widow survived to the age of seventy-three 
years, dying in 1885, mourned by a large family of children and a 



SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. ' 539 

wide circle of friends. Tlie children are : Dr. Truman E., Martha. 
Mary, Harriet, Rachel, Richard and William, all of whom, except our 
subject, are residents of Maryland. 

Dr. Fairall was reared in Maryland and there received a good 
education, and was a successful teacher in Mar_\-land for some years. 
He then engaged in the study of medicine with Dr. Carr, of Cumber- 
land, Maryland, also Dr. Bartlett and Dr. \\'elfley, all brothers-in-law. 
He then entered the University of Maryland, at Baltimore, where he 
was graduated in the class of 1873, bearing off the honors. Dr. Fairall 
first located at Western Port, ^Maryland, then located for practice at 
Thurman, Fremont county, Iowa, where he remained until 1879, when 
he became a pioneer physician at Tecumseh. His faith in the growth 
and development of this region has been justifietl, and he has done his 
part in the development of this community. 

In 1873 Dr. Fairall was united in marriage with ]\lary S. Jenkins, 
and, three children were born to this union, namely: ]\Iinnie Mary, 
wife of Harry West, of ^Maryland ; Richard R. and Charles. On No- 
vember 28, 1900, Dr. Fairall was married (second) to Miss Hattie 
V. Draucher, who was born in Lothersburg', Pennsvlvania, and is a 
daughter of A. M. and Mar)- iBreon) Draucher. In politics ^Dr. 
Fairall is a Democrat. Fraternally he is an Odd Fellow of thirty- 
years' standing. 



C. D. BARNES, M. D. 

C. D. Barnes, ]\I. D., of Tecumseh, Nebraska, is one of the best 
known and most successful physicians and surgeons of Johnson county. 
He was born at Plattsmouth, Nebraska, on August 12, 1866, and is a 



S40 SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA. 

son of Hon. J. ^V. and Martha (Gage) Barnes, both residents of Te- 
cnmseh. 

Hon. J. ^\'. Barnes is a prominent citizen of ijoutheastern Ne- 
braska and a pioneer settler. He was 1iorn in K