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3 1833 02231 9484 






, ; ' -■ 

Compiled, Edited AND Published BY "^ '<■:> '. 

:.- r '■■ ■■■ ■ ■■';.n,r#. 


j.. ^ SAMUEL T. WILEY, V 'r'-,/ : -■ ^^■'' f!*^^^^ 

•' ■"' CHIEK ASSISTA.NT. . -. ./ ' ■•.■ ' ' '. ■ V' 

Nos. 1218 and 1220 Filbert Street, Philadelphia. »,^ w ' " ... 


1890. • :'^0^?^^ 




® DUNUnP & CliARKE, (J) 


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i, ie|f. )!C.;i .,i i'H 

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•^I^IOGRAPHY is the basis of all historical structures, and the history of any 
^iil country resolves itself into the bio'graphies of its earnest and representative 
''"^ citizens. History is the <;reatest tlieine wliich can claim the attention of man, 
and the biographies of those whose deeds and utterances have made it open to the 
reader the great treasure-house of the past in which those departed heroes live again 
for the benefit of the present generation and for the satisfaction of posterity. A 
cyclapedia of biographies presents the only satisflictory means of handing down in 
permanent form ancestral history and is the only reliable method of keeping the 
records of society by the perpetuation of the intlividual memoirs of those who make 
it. In the Centennial year the Congress of the United States, by joint resolution, 
recommended to the authorities of the States tliroughout the Union the importance 
of taking immediate steps toward the collection and preservation of the history and 
biograpliies of their prominent and useful citizens. 

After the lapse of thirteen years the publislier of this volume became the 
pioneer of biographical works of this nature in the great Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania. In AVestmoreland ((unity, as in all other counties, the present generation is 
largely dependent on tradition to furnish what should be authentic history ; and 
especially is this true of ancestral history, whose ^■alue cannot be over-estimated. 
When history takes the form of biographical sketches, it is exceedingly valuable 
and interesting to the present generation, and will be of incalcuble value to genera- 
tions yet to come. Our liiilure to know anything of our ancestry is inexcusable 
ignorance. Present attention and intelligent action upon tlie part of public-spirited 
citizens of Westmoreland county ha\e enabled us to give an excellent history — past 
and present — of the representative men and leading families throughout the county, 
and have prepared the way I'nr future generations to profit by ibrmer negl(,'ct of the 


l)resent one. In endeavoring to secure the life-record of some of tlie prominent and 

useful men of the county, we were compelled to regret the paucity of their personal 

history and were pained to find that time has drawn the \eil of ohlivion o^■er many of 

their progenitors and family genealogy. 'We have labored to give to Westmoreland 

county the established record of those who have been instrumental in making it one 

of the most important counties in the Commonwealth, and by brief and attractive 

sketches of men who were worthy to be imitated as examples, we have sought to 

awaken the aspirations of our youth to noble achievements. The same care and 

attention has been given to the preparation of this work that has been bestowed 

upon preceding ones which we have published in this and other States. 

The mechanical work of this "^'olurae is all tliat was promised and is of 

standard excellence. 


Philadelphia, June 17, 1890. ... 


e O /N T E M T S 






Ackerman, Hon. H. S 39 

Allshouse, E. E 40 

Alluine, Samuel 40 

Annbrust, L. F 41 

Arter, Dr. D. A 42 

Bair, E. H 43 

liarnhart, A.R 44 

Barnliart, C. T 4-5 

Ik-acum, Hon. J. S 45 

licll, A. H iC 

Ilriuiilt, Junies 47 

liosl, J. D i8 

Jiierer, Z. P .51 

liiiTor, Samuel 62 

Black, Col. J. A 53 

Blank, (i. A 54 

llMtl, I,. W (A 

Bniwn, W'm 65 

Biiinot, II. J 5ti 

Bu^li, C. L 58 

llyiTH, II. I' r,H 

(al.hvill, .S. W 59 

<.'nnii)lii;ll, E. U GO 

Chambers, Eli 63 

Claw.son, Lucian G5 

Clawson, O. J 66 

Condon, Patrick 66 

Cojie, 0. P 67 

Cowan, Senator Eilgar 68 

Cowan, J. B. 69 

Crawford, Dr. J. L VO 

Cribbs, Christopher 73 

Culbertbon, Dr. Georire 74 


Curns, E. J 75 

Datz, G. W 76 

Davidson, J. L 77 

Deemer, A. P 78 

Desmond, Wm 79 

Detar, George 79 

Dick, Ed. K 80 

Dieflenbacher, Rev. C. B 80 

Donohoe, Thomas 81 

Dorn, John 82 

Dorn, George 82 

Doty, Ju.lge h. W 8.! 

Dunhill, John 85 

Ehalt, C. F 85 

Eicher, Alexander 80 

Folk, CharlcB 80 

Fisher, II. II 87 

KricH, Jacob 87 

Gay, F. C 88 

George, J. B .' 80 

Gill, J. I) 90 

Gnuv, Hr. 'I'. J HO 

Gregg, C. II .' 91 

GrilHlh, W. A 92 

llacke. Rev. N. P 93 

Hammer, Dr. K. B 93 

Harvey, Dr. J. ^V 94 

Huber, J. H 95 

Hun; Col. G. F 90 

Hun; w. A 100 

Hunter, Judge J. A 101 

Johnston, Gov. W. F 102 

■Tohnston, J. J 102 

uoues, G. M 103 


Kamerer,'Dr. J. W. B 103 

Keck, Leonard ^^* 

Keenan, E. W 10" 

Keener, W. A lOS 

KeHer, H. L 10«< 

Keffer, J. C 109 

kenley, E. B HO 

King, D.J Ill 

Kline, S. A 112 

Kline, A. B H" 

Knlms, G.E H*^ 

Kunkle, Daniel H'^ 

Laird, Hon, H. V ll'» 

Laird, J. M 120 

Latta, Hon. John 121 

Launer, I.E 122 

Levernian, Kev.P '23 

Lomison, Dr. H. G 12-1 

Long, C. T 12''> 

Long, J. K 125 

Marchand, J. A 120 

Marks, Sul 127 

McCuUough, Hon. Welty 35 

McAfee, Hon. J. R 128 

McCormick, Dr. John 128 

McCurdy, J. A 129 

McFarland, J. E 131 

McFarland, J. R 132 

Mctiuaid, J. B 133 

Meanor, M. R 133 

Meche.sney, Andrew 134 

Mensch, John 135 

Milligan, Dr. J, D 130 

Moore, Col. J. W 139 

Morris, D. C HI 

Musick, Darwin 1-12 

Keubauer, J. il H3 

Nicewonger, J. F 1-14 

Oniitt, Dr. L 1-14 

Ogden, D. C 146 

Oppenlieim, Isaac 146 

Ormlorf, Dr. A.J 147 

I'arkH, Thoman MS 

IVilly, J. iM 148 

riilnter, M. L 14'.) 

Pierce, E. C 150 

Porter, Dr. C. C 151 

Potts, S.J l.Vi 

Probst, G.W 15:; 

Kankin, K. A 154 

Eask, Dennett 155 

Eeamer, Daniel 155 

Reed, J. C 156 

Kial, John 156 

Robinson, J. C 157 

Senibower, II. S 158 

Shaw, S. W 158 

Shearer, Frank ICO 

Shields, J. A 161 

Shields, J. C lOli. 

Singer, K. W 162 

Snyder, O. R 163 

Spiegle, J. R 164 

Stark, C. H 165 

Stark, H. F 166 

Steck, Amos 167 

Steel, J. 1! 1G8 

TaUcr,(icorgo Illy 

Thompson, S. G 170 

Turney, Hon. Jacob 171 

Vugle, B. F 172, II. \V 173 

Wmigaiiiaii, Dr. Z. L 174 

Weaver, D. li 176 

Welty, A. D 175 

Wertz, II. M 176 

Williams, V. E 177 

AVirsiiig, Capt. J. J 178 

Wo.ids, J. Y 17V 



Young, J. M 180 

Zahniser, R. M. J 183 

Zahuiser, Dr. F. R 184 


Adams, J. Q 189 

Andrews, J. B 189 

Bowers, William I'.'O 

Brcclibill, ('. P l'.)l 

CoUUmith, J. li 191 

Galley, CM 192 

Gibbs, J. E 192 

Gilson, II. A 193 

Graul, C. A 193 

Harkins, Dr. James 194 

Hitchmau, Col. W. J 185 

Husband, S.W 194 

Jordan, Capt. W. N 195 

Kelley, S. C 195 

Kuhn C. L 196 

Kuhn, M.S 199 

KyLe, J. L 199 

Leonard, J. D 200 

.Lewy,J 201 

Loar, Dr. J. A 202 

Long, Z. T 202 

Marsh, Dr. F. L 203 

McCaleb, J. D 204 

McElwee, E.J 204 

Myers, Dr. A. II 207 

Ncel, W. B 208 

Neel, Samuel 208 

Plotncr, W. S 213 

Ramsay, Bobert 214 

Ramsay Morris 215 

Ruth, J. L 215 

Shields, J.L 216 

Shope, J.G 216 

Sliupe, O. P 217 

Simpson, W.R 218 

Stevenson, J. A 218 

Strang, A. R 211) 

Tiustman, II. 220 

Tiustman, 1^. S 221 

Treber, Frcacrick 2;i 

Weimer, G. W 222 

Wcrkraan, J. P., Jr 223 

Zuok,J.R ~ 223 


Anderson, D. G .. 225 

Armstrong, J. A 226 

Auitman, S. D 226 

Best, II. C 22'J 

Jiott, II. F 230 

Brinker, Z 231 

Byrne, Hon. J. R 232 

Callaghan, Hon. Edward 233 

Campbell, W.S 234 

Cunningham, A. H 235 

Eicher, J. K 235 

Ferguson, Samuel 236 

Frets, J.S :i39 

Garrett, Robert 239 

Gay, R.N 240 

Geyer, J. C 240 

Grantham, J. W 243 

Grazier, Clark 244 

Green, J. 11 245 

Herbert, W. K 240 

Humphries, E. A 249 

Jarrelt, C. M 250 

Jones, J. H _. 250 

Keister, A. L 251 

Kenney, T. C 251 

Loueke, J. S 2;)3 

McCullogh, Joseph 253 

McDowell, Dr. W. J 254 

Miles, N 254 

Morrow, J. C 257 

Overholt, B. F 261 

Owens, J. P 262 

Parker, J.S 262 

Pool, J. II 265 

Rogers, J. 1 2(i6 

Rogers, Dr. A. J 266 

Sewell, Maj.G.H 267 

Smitts, Dr. W. F 268 

Skemp, Hobert 269 

Sjiiitli, Nathan 269 


ypriiiKir, II. J -JTO 

f?luiicr, I>. 1" 273 

Siaii/Rr, C, \V 274 

Kiriikler, Dr. A.W 274 

Teiiiiaiit, K.J 275 

Walters, Jolm 270 

Wultliour, S. L 270 

Wedaie, Dr. E. P 279 

AVik-y, II. T 2S0 

Zcarlev, .S. J 2S1 


Itcrwirtli, F. II 289 

Uruwn, C. C 2'.l0 

Brown, Robert 2110 

Hyf5iite,T. A 2'Jl 

Carothers, Jolui 2tll 

Coldsmith, Samuel 292 

Collins, J. W 293 

Crousliore, Henry 282 

Dkk, A. M 293 

Gallagher, AV. C 294 

Getchey, B 295 

Goodman, Solomon 295 

Hamilton, D. E 296 

Hamilton, James .- 297 

Hamilton, J. F 297 

Hamilton, Hon. A. C 298 

Humi-s, K. I) 299 

King, A. B 300 

Latimore, K. H 301 

Lawhead, Dr. J. H 302 

Luiglity, Hon. E. C 302 

Liilz, Dr. M. 11 303 

JIarkli', S. B., Jr 304 

Milliron, John 305 

Moreland, Alex 305 

Kahar, Leonard 306 

Newman, John 307 

Obley, John 307 

Obley, II. A 308 

Orr, Dr. A. AV.. 809 

I'litlerson, J. J 310 

Koseu, D. F 310 

Sanders, C. AV 31] 

Schoaf, Jaeob 311 

Schcill, M. F 312 

Schioyer, J. M 313 

A'andyke, Dr.O. M 313 

A^ankirk, J. Z 314 

AVasliabaugh, George 315 

Wasliabanyh, G. AA' 315 

Zifgler, J. C 316 


Albert, (J. C 317 

liair, G. A 317 

Beam, J. C 318 

Bussart, U.S....' 319 

Bossart, M 319 

Brindle, K. L 320 

Burchtield, Dr. S. E 321 

Coughenour, John 322 

Dale, AVm 322 

Donnelly, Dr. H. L 323 

Donnelly, II. G 325 

Donohue, J. T 320' 

Eisemaii, Dr. R 326 

Evans, Dr. J. D 327 

Geiger, C'apt. B. F 328 

Golde, Jolm 329 

Harr, D. 1' 329 

Hartman, J. W.... 330 

llarlman, Dr. J. A 331 

Hoke, L. A 332 

Horrell, I. N 333 

Hughes, Dr. J. AV 333 

Keepers, Dr. .V. C 331 

Lemmon, Dr. J.l^l 335 

Lovely, C'ollis 336 

MacMiUan, AV. C 337 

Mellon, W. L 338 

Metzger, Fred 339 

McC'onaughy, Dr. D. A\' 340 

McKeever, Rev. Edward 341 

Wilier, Dr. II. J 341 

iMurray, M. B 342 

Newinghain, D. K 343 

O'Brien, AVm 344 

Peters, Jas 344 

I'; II. B .546 

Seanor, H. F 346 

.Shields, T. W 347 

Shuwalter, W. A 347 

Shumaker, A 348 

Story, J. A 349 

Ulerich, AV. AV 350 

AVeber, Louis 351 


Beamer, Jacob 352 

Bouquet, Col. Henry 353 

Brinker, l\ R 353 

Byerly, R. S.. 354 

Cort, J. T 355 

Davis, Morris 356 

Dewalt, J.A 350 

Eberhart. A. A 357 

Fry, F. L 358 

Goehring, Martin, Jr 359 

Good, Paul, Sr 359 

Good, A. J 360 

Greer, J. C 360 

Griffith, Dr. M. E 361 

Heintzleman, J. AV 362 

Henry, Hugh 363 

Hoey, A. M...^ 363 

Jackson, J. F 264 

Jones, AV. S 365 

Kautlman, M. D 365 

Keister, David 360 

I.andis. J. F 306 

Lauller, II. I' 367 

Lauder, Isaac 368 

Laullijr, H. A 368 

Leyda, Dr. I.N 369 

Lutz, J. F 370 

McKeever, Henry 3i0 

Miller, J. M 371 

Moore, G. IC 371 

Morrison, Dr. J. AV 372 

Mathias, Joseph 373 

Morrow, Dr. J. K 374 

Oakley, H.C 374 


OiT, K. M 375 

Kiilic, II. A 370 

.Sinister, W. (i 370 

.Skelly, Dr. C.J 377 

SliuUi-r, \V. II 378 

Smith, L. C 378 

Smith, J. B 379 

Smith, 0. R 380 

Seitz. Capt. J. A. M 3S0 

Sullivan, D. B 381 

Sutton, Dr. G. S 381 

Theobald, Joseph 382 

Vinton, E.J 3S3 

Wiilthour, B. K 383 

Weslbrook, L. C 384 

Walthour, Samuel 384 

"Weaver, S. II 385 

AVurzel, George 380 


Blackburn, J. 388 

Brown, George 385 

Carroll, W. II 380 

Caruthers, W. F 390 

Clohessy, M 391 

Fink.G.W 391 

Foster, Hon. H. 1) 392 

Giiut, C. W 393 

Hamilton, S. D 394 

Ilodgik-n, F 394 

Howell, J.0 395 

Jrwin, Henry 396 

I.iinghiim, John 390 

Leiihart, J. li 397 

I,in.U-l)Uui, M. K 398 

Lommel, M 398 

Long, S. C 399 

Mctlellan, Dr. R. P 399 

McFarlane, A. L 400 

McKtcver, J. L 401 

Miller, S. B .402 

Over, J. H... 403 

Painter, T. W 403 

Palmer, C.L 404 

Parkinson, Margaret 404 

I'a.r,Jacol> 405 

Pool, A. II 400 

Re^d, J. 1) 40(i 

Ronwljerg, S. C 407 

Ringer, Dr. J. II 408 

Rol.bins, Hon. E. F 409 

t^chade.A 410 

Sowash, Dr. M. F 411 

Speis, G. A 412 

SpringLr, J. F 412 

Taylor, L. H 413 

Thompson, R. F.... 414 

Thresclier, J. H ' 414 

^VhitL■lR•:ul, Peter 415 


Allison, A. J 417 

Aiikeniiiui, Joseph 418 

Aukerraan, J. R 418 

Austraw, G. F 419 

Banks, Dr. C.W 420 

Earnett, J. W 420 

Barnhart, Akx 421 

Baruhart, David 422 

Itarr, Samuel 423 

Bash, J. II 423 

Beutty, John, Jr 424 

Beistel, II. F 425 

Bennett, (apt. Wm 420 

Bemielt, O. M 427 

Boyer, W. H 427 

I'.iadiii, \V. D 428 

Blinker, Dr. T. II 429 

Briiiker, \V. F 430 

Brooks, II. F 430 

Brown, Dr. J. L 431 

Burd, S. K , 432 

Burkley, George 433 

Carpenter, D. L 434 

Caven, Amos 434 

Cease. J. R 435 

Chambers, Preston 430 

Coad, Wm 439 


Cochran, A. C 139 

Cochran, W. H 410 

Cook, 1). R 441 

Connor, Timothy 441 

Coughenour, D. R. & Co 412 

Dunlap, W. R 443 

Fausold, M. h 444 

Fausold, H. F 445 

Fetter, J. W 440 

Findley, Hon. Wm 446 

Fisher, C. B 447 

Fisher, J. W 448 

FLsher, Jacob 448 

Fiaher, S. B 449 

Foster. R. A 450 

Fowler, J. J 451 

Fry, George 451 

Fry, John 452 

Fulton, Dr. J. A 453 

Gaut, Dr. R. F 453 

George, Isaac 454 

Gorgas, S. L 458 

Graham, Richard 459 

Gress, Jacob 400 

Grillith, Joshua 401 

Guthrie, Doty 401 

(julhrie, Joseph 402 

Hackett, C. C 403 

Hamilton, Rev. J. M 403 

Haiiiill, Herman 404 

Harding, Janus 405 

Ilarman, A. D 405 

Hartzell, G. M 400 

Henderson, John 400 

Horn, J. J 407 

Horner, Lsaac 408 

Hughes, J. J 408 

Hugus, G. R 409 

Hull, H. D 470 

Hunter, Samuel 471 

Junkins, Isaac 471 

Johnston, A. A 472 

Johnston, Col. J. W 475 

Keck, J. M 470 

Keller, John 479 



Keeley, Henry 4>i0 

Kelly, Dr. J. H 480 

Kiiily, David 481 

Keimey, (i. W 4S2 

Kinkead, Wm 483 

Kiiiinjcll, Jacob 483 

Ullerly, Dr. J. II 484 

Ijiird, Thos 485 

Lauglilin, J. W 4x6 

Leiiimoii, James 480 

Lewis, Wilson 487 

Lobingier, J. S 488 

Macliesney, Jackson 489 

Maxwell, S. F 490 

McConnell, Rev. S. D 4'JO 

AlcCurdy, Dr. R. C 493 

McCarlliy, J. J 494 

Megary, G. W 494 

Miller. Dr. J. S 495 

Milcliell, II. W 496 

Muhlenberg, Chas 496 

Murphy, Owen 497 

Musick, Samuel 497 

Newill, Jo.shua 498 

Palmer, Michael 499 

Pearce, J. A 499 

Peebles, Dr. J. E 500 

Poorman, J. K 501 

Potts, Rev. A. D 502 

Pounds, Joseph 503 

Reed, O. C 504 

Robb, Shannon 505 

Runiliaiigh, John 505 

KuinljaiiKJi, Michael 5ll(! 

Rush, J. T 507 

Sarver, Ezra 507 

Seemann, J. H 508 

■ Siiearer, G. M 508 

Shupe, L. B 509 

•Shape, D. W 510 

■ Simp.son, David 511 

Smith, J. 11 512 

Smith, AVni., >Sr 512 

Smith, R. M 513 

Smith, Dr. L. T 514 

! Smiih, C. H 515 

I Snodgrass, W. B 515 

Springer, W. J 510» 

Steel, John 51U 

Stouffer, A. M 617 

Strohm, Samuel 518 

Tarr, A.T 518 

Thomas, N 519 

Tlioma,s, O. M 519 

Townsend, Rev. D. W 620 

Trauger, George 521 

Walkinshaw, J. C 622 

Weaver, D. G 523 

Welty, R. S 524 

Williams, G. W 525 

Wimmer, Rt. Rev. B 525 

Wright, Wm 523 


Ambrose, Dr. J.T 529 

Blackburn, Dr. E. W 530 

Boucher (family) 530 

Covode, Hon. John 532 

Frank, J. H 533 

Graham, R. M , 534 

Hargnett, Hon. John 535 

Hendricks, Gov. William 536 

Horner, Moses 537 

Hubb, John 638 

Huston, Dixon 538 

Keck, M. L 639 

Keller, J. W 540 

King, Rev. Franklin ._. 640 

Lenhart, LuilwicU 541 

Marker, Hon. X. M 542 

Matthews, W. H 543 

McCaskey, Dr. C. A 543 

McColly, Bales .544 

MiUhotr, H. M 645 

Murphy, S. D 646 

Murphy, Capt. G. H 549 

Myers, A. B 550 

Seawright, William 550 

St. Clair, Maj. Gen. Arthur 551 


Senft, George 653 

Smith, Francis 554 

Stairs, J.J 557 

Taylor, Dr. James 557 

Ulery, Frederick 558 

Walker, Clark 559 

Walter, William ! 559 

Whitworlh, Dr. R. S 560 


Allen, David B. H 562 

Aultman, William D 565 

Aultman, Christopher D 565 

Au.sburn, Robert 566 

Bair, David 567 

Bescnberg, Gotfred 608 

Biglcy, Nicholas J., Jr 568 

Blackburn, Hon. Geo. P 668 

Blackburn, .\. Byram 570 

Boyd, James M 570 

Bronson, Anion 571 

Budd, Benjamin 572 

Byars, William A .^. 572 

Covert, Rev. William R..' 575 

Daugherty, .Samuel 678 

Dick, Gen. M. M 561 

Dusenbery, Lieut. Wm. C 57S 

Errett, David 579 

Ewig, Charles 11 580 

Felger, John G 681 

Finley, Nebemiah 581 

Fisher, John G 1 682 

Flanagan, John C 582 

Fox, David F 583 

Fox, John C 534 

Freeble, Thomas D 585 

Frick, Favid C 585 

Frye, Dr. James P 586 

Fullcrton, John 587 

FuUerton, Nathan N 587 

(iilmore, Franklin 588 

Grace, Samuel Hibbert 689 

Ilahn, Ja;ob P 589 


lliisson, Samuel T o'JO 

llainilton, Joseiili 001 

Henclertflin, James o91 

IleiH-y, William 1' r,'.f2 

lliKl.lKigei, Al.rai.i K rm 

lliglilieigor, Simon o'Ji 

irixi-nhaiigh, N 5'J4 

liulienshell, George 595 

Hough, Daviil W 595 

Jioiigli, Joseph D 590 

Hough, Paul 599 

Housphold, William 599 

Jlowell, William B GOO 

Hunter, Archibald B 001 

Hyde, John Winter 002 

Jones, Clarence M 003 

Keck, Michael 603 

Keefer, Samuel 004 

Kelley, Geo. W 604 

Krepps, Jesse 005 

Lash, Christian 000 

Latta, Ephraim 000 

Limbaugh, Peter 007 

Linn, Jiimes S 608 

Lovo, Kobert T 60S 

Luce, Leonard E 609 

Lynn, John 010 

Markle, Joseph 610 

Markle, Geo. W (Ill 

Meredith, William 612 

Me(iufley, Kobert 613 

Mc-Mahan, Alex 614 

Milligan, AIct:. S Oil 

MilliKuii, Jam.s M t;l5 

Mitchell, Wm., Sr (116 

Monmyer, Albert 617 

Morgan, William F 617 

iN'ftflin, William C i;kS 

Norcross, John 619 

Osbiirn, Matthew 619 

Overholt, Abraham 620 

Patlerson, James !M 621 

Patterson, Israel 022 

Piitteison, John S 622 

Pnllon, Dr. Kobert 023 

Patton, Dr. N. W 024 

Paul, Morgan S 624 

Penney, Albert 024 

Pinkerton, James 025 

Poole, William A 020 

Porter, <Jliver 020 

Reeves, John S 027 

Rhodes, Louis S 628 

Robertson, Andrew 029 

Robertson, Jat ob Edmu nd 629 

Rossell, Charles 630 

Rufl; Quincey A 631 

Sampson, Thomas 031 

Sampson, Benjamin L 632 

Scholl, William L 033 

Sliawly, Benjamin F 633 

Shelar, Dr. Joseph W 634 

Shepler, Philip 635 

Shepler, Isaac 635 

Shepler, Lewis 636 

Shepler, Davis 636 

Sherriok, Dr. Albert S 037 

Smith, Louis L 037 

Smith, George W 633 

Smith, Samuel 639 

Smoek, Finley C 040 

Springer, Everell F 040 

Sterrett, John 041 

Stautrer, John F 642 

Stone, Samuel (i42 

Timms, William P 643 

Tomer, Jacob li! 

Vogel, John 614 

Weaver, Levi ,.... (i45 

Williams, Daniel F 045 

Wilson, Taylor 646 

Wilson, Presley 046 

Wilson, William D 647 

Zundel, John S 04S 

Zundel, Jacob 048 

Zundel, William 649 


Agnew, J amea 650 

All^hollse, John W 

Armbrust, J. W 

Barnhart, William R 

Barnharl, Samuel 

llauman, I!ev. J. Xevin 

Black, John 

Blank. Michael G 

Brown, John H 

Buchanan, James 

Croushoie, Geo. W 

Dible, Geo. F 

Ellwood, John Kelley 

Emmens, Dr. Stephen Henry. 

Ewing, Dr. James Rcss 

Fox, Levi 

Fry, William G 

Gongaware, P. J 

Hume^, James G 


Hall, Jacob C 

Hall, William J 

Hill, Philip 

Harvey, Josiah 

Haymaker, Michael K 

Hillis, William 

Hissem, Thomas 

Hihsem, David K 

Hugus, M.aj. William 

Hugus, Marion ., 

] Jones, John A !... 

I Keck. Henry 

I Keister, Elijah N 

I Kil'er, Mhhael B 

Kilgore, Je^se 

I Kuhus, Jacob H 

Lute>, William C 

I.tH'iiiH, llcrnian 

M c.V lister, A le.\ander 

Mcljuaid, Samuel D 

McWiUiaius, Robert H 

Miller, Joseph 

Mimroe, William J 

Grr, James 

Patterson, David K 

Phillips, Enoch B 




Wegley, Abmhain II 70'J 

■\Voiro, A. Tlu.uii«m 710 


Alter, Dr. David 712 

Alter, Jacob 713 

Alter, Samuel L 714 

Arnold, Robert P 714 

Barber, John 715 

Baxter, Charles W 715 

B,.al, John C 7IG 

Butler, Jesse 710 

Bu^h,'Dr. A. A 717 

C'aniiibell, Benjamin li 713 

C'lianibcrs, James II 718 

Clements, Jesse A 720 

Copeland, Samuel 720 

Dinsniore, Ivoliert S 721 

Dougall, James 1 722 

Faulk, Simon I' 722 

Gardner, Samuel 723 

Graham, James 724 

Gosser, Albert M 72'4 

Hawk, Joseph S 725 

Hunter, John 720 

Remaley, Henrv 080 

Rings, Jacob OSO 

Robinson, Edward T 080 

Rugh, John 08!) 

Ruff, Samuel 690 

Sell,Eli 003 

Sell, Jacob 003 

Shefller, Israel T 094 

Sliuey, Conrad 095 

Shuster, Cyrus J fci5 

Shruni, John 090 

Smeltzer, Cyrus F 097 

Stanton, James F 698 

Stark, John 099 

Steel Kbenezer 0'.i9 

Stewart, Francis L. 700- 

Snyder, Rev. Jacob F 701 

Snyder, Jolin 703 

Stahl, Daniel P 704 

Tarr, Jacob 704 

Thomas, M;ij. Cjrus 705 

Thompson, Rev. Jacob L 700 

Ulery, Daniel R 707 

Warden, Clark F 707 

Waugaman, John, Sr 709 


Kier, Thomas C 726 

Kunkle, Israel 727 

Logan, Alexander A 727 

Leslie, James 728 

Metzgar, Hiram T 729 

McGeary, John E 729 

McKean, John S 730 

McKean, James L 731 

McKean, Frank S 731 

MuWiUiams, William 732 

Miller, Robert 733 

Miller,Rev. O. n 734 

Nelson, Samuel N 735 

Parkin, Charles 736 

Reed, Rev. Robert 737 

Rowe, Ilezekiali 737 

Ross, George W 738 

Rubright, Jeremiah 739 

Shaner, Solomon 739 

Shcjjard, Henry 740 

Swank, William M 740 

Walker, William T - 741 

Watt, John 742 

WyUe, John 742 

Young Rev. .Mexani-ler 743 

.»» , .1, tV. ^ . 

^.^ . :i.? 






Best, J. D .....; 48 

Chambers, Eli : 63 

Crawford, Dr. J. L 70 

'Cribl;JB, Christopher 73 

Huff, Col. George F 96 

Kline. S. A .....^^ 112 

, MeCulIoUgh, lion. "Welty 35 

Moore, Col. J. W 139 

Musick, Darwin 142 

Keck, Leonard 104 

Young, J. M 180 

Hitchiuan, Hon. W. J 185 

Kuhn, C. I. ll'O 

McElwee, E. J 204 

Keel, W. B 20.S 

Neel, Siimuol 'JO'.i 

IK'sl, in: 229 

Frets, J. S 235 

Grantham, J. W 243 

Humphries, E. A 249 

■;h'-- ■ ^'- ." w ■;/-:■..: 

.-m.^- ■■■',:'■■*-. ■■■'~i ■.■; , ;■ 

McDoweil,'Dr: W. J '. .', 254 • 

Morrow, J, C ; "257 , 

Parker, J, g.... „ 262' 

Springer, H. J 270 

Weddel, Dr. E. P ....,.,;. 279 

C'roushore, Henrv ^ .283 

Crou&hore, Mr3. E. J ....".. 284 

Cochran, A. C ,439v, 

George, Isaac 454 

Johnston, A. A ■; 472 

Keck, J. M .;.,:;.'...,."476-' 

Maxwell, S. F .7..., ;..'..,...' 490 

Miiriiliy, S. D 510. 

Smith, Francis 554 ^: 

Dick, Gen. M. M 562 

Covert, Kov, W. K 575 

llousohold, William C. 699 

Armbrust, J. W 652. 

Eugh, John .- 689 ■. 

Sell, Jacob 693. ' 




■.i^s^^'f¥*"' '-""^i. 




'W ,-; 


Historical Sketch 

TAAestmoreland County 


§OUNDARIES and areas. Prehistoric 
races. Anglo-saxon pioneers. Forbes' 
expedition. Battle of Bushy run. Early 
settloments. County formation. Revolutionary 
war. Lochry's and Crawford's expeditions. 
Burning of Ilannastotvn. St. Clair's defeat. 
Whiskey insurrection. War of 1812. Pikes. 
Mexican war. First railroads. Great civil 
war. Connellsville coke region. Murrysville 
natural gas field. Recent and phenomenal de- 
velopment. Townships and boroughs. Political 
history. The press, churches, schools and banks. 
Census statistics. 

On account of the nature and plan of this 
work it is impossible to do justice to the history 
of this grand old county ; yet the publisher has 
decided that it is most essential that a brief 
chronological record of its important historical 
events should be made before proceeding to 
record at length the biographical sketches of 
the county's leading citizens. 

vania, is situated between the seventy-ninth and 
eightieth meridians of west longitude and the 
fortieth and forty-first parallels of north latitude. 
It is bounded on the north by Armstrong; and 

Indiana counties, from which it is separated by 
the Kiskiminetis and Conemaugh rivers ; on the 
east by Laurel Hill Ridge, which divides it from 
Cambria and Somerset counties ; on the south 
by Fayette county, from which it is partly 
separated by Jacob's creek, and on the west by 
Washington and Allegheny counties. It is 
thirty-seven miles long by twenty-nine miles 
wide, and its computed area is one thousand 
and four square miles. It is the eleventh county 
of Pennsylvania in order of age, and was the 
last provincial county of the "Keystone State." 
Its geographical center and center of population 
are supposed to be not very far apart, and both 
but a short distance from the county seat. 

The present territory of Westmoreland county 
was a part of the following counties for the re- 
spective times specified : 

Chester, from 1682 to May 10, 1729. 

Lancaster, May 10, 1729, to January 27, 

Cumberland, January 27, 1750, to March 9, 

Bedford, March 9, 1771, to September 26, 

Westmoreland county was created by Act of 
Legislature on February 20, 1773, and was taken 



from Bedtbid, and in 1785 a part of the pur- 
chase of 1784 was added thereto. It was named 
after Wcstmorehmd county in England, and 
embraced nearly all of Pennsylvania west of 
the Allegheny mountains. From 1781 to 18r)0 
■ the following sixteen counties were taken from 
its territory, the first five direct, and the other 
eleven indirect : 

Washington, March 28, 1781. Fayette, Sep- 
tember 26, 1783. 

Allegheny, September 24, 1788. Armstrong, 
March 12, 1800. 

Indiana, March 30, 1803. Greene, February 
9, 17[»G. 

Beaver, March 12, 1800. Mercer, IMarch 
12, 1800. 

Butler, March 12, 1800. Erie, March 12, 

Venango, March 12, 1800. Warren, March 
12, 1800. 

Crawford, March 12, 1800. Clarion, March 
11, 1839. 

Forest, April 11, 1848. Lawrence, Marcli 
20, 1850. 

Westmoreland county is in the second or 
southeastern region of the third topographical or 
western bituminous coal district of Pennsylvania. 
Portions of the county are in the upper and 
lower coal measure, and it has five coal basins, 
of which only one, the second or Connellsville, 
ia in the upper measures. The first coal basin 
is in the Ligonier valley; the second or Con- 
nellsville coke region lies along the western base 
of Chestnut ridge; the tliird basin extends 
through the center of the county ; the fourth or 
Sewickley is west of the center, and the fifth 
coal basin is in Allegheny and Burrell town- 

The county is divided into two physical divi- 
sions : The Eastern highlands and the Western 
tablelands. Its general slope is toward the 
northwest, and it is drained by the Monongahehi 
and Allegheny river systems. I'rof. Arnold, in 
1872, gave tiie average temperature of West- 

moreland county as follows : Summer, seventy 
degrees ; winter, thirty ; yearly average, fifty, 
and recorded its annual rain-fall at thirty-six 

Prchisloria Races. — The aborigines of North 
America were undoubtedly the Mound builders. 
Their seat of empire was in the Mississipjji and 
Ohio valleys, and their sentinel outposts were 
never planted further eastward than the crest 
of Laurel Hill ridge. Clear and unmistakable 
traces of this lost race were discovered by the 
early settlers of the Ligonier valley, but it seems 
that they confined themselves to that particular 
section in their occupation of this county. 
'Whence they came or where they went none 
can tell. 

They were succeeded in the proprietorship of 
the soil by the Indians, whose origin is as fruitful 
a theme for speculation, as the problem of the 
Mound builders fate has been an unsatisfactory 
topic for investigation. The Indian, like the 
Mound builder, seems to have never made a 
permanent home in the county, and used it 
chiefly for hunting purposes. The Six Nations 
exercised sovereignty over it, and the Delawares 
and Shawnees were their tenants upon its hunting 
grounds. There were two great Indian trails 
through the county ; the main one was the Ca- 
tawba war-path, that crossed Jacob's creek, and 
passed northward through the Ligonier valley, 
and towards the Sus([uehanna river. It ran from 
the Carolinas to New York ; the other was a 
trail running from the Ligonier valley to the 
Forks of the Oiiio. The Indians had but few 
villages within the present limits of the county; 
they were of a temporary rather than a perma- 
nent character, and were abandoned by the time 
that the first English settlers made their ap- 
pearance in the country west of the Alleghenies. 

Anglo-saxon Pioneers. — The first white men 
who came into Westmoreland county were hunt- 
ers and Indian fur traders. Christopher Gist, 
and a few Virginians settled in 17.')2 at ISFount 
Braddock, in what is now Fayette county. Pa. 



They were sent out under the auspices of the 
Ohio Company and in the interests of Virginia, 
who aimed to acquire title to the Ohio valley by 
right of occupation. The French had already 
taken possession of the coveted territory, and 
in 1754 they broke up Gist's settlement and 
captured Fort Necessity. The next year the 
French and Indians ambuscaded and slaughtered 
Braddock's army, at the battle of the Monon- 
gahcla, drove the English settlers east of the 
AUeghenies, and for nearly three years re- 
mained in undisputed possession of the entire 
Ohio valley. 

Forbes' Expedition. — In 1758, Gen. John 
Forbes, with an army of seven thousand men, 
was sent by England to regain what Braddock 
had lost and to capture Fort Duquesne. Wash- 
ington urged Forbes to take old Braddock road, 
but Col. Bouquet prevailed upon Forbes to cut 
a new road from Bedford, Pa., through what is 
now Westmoreland county, to Fort Duquesne. 
Bouquet led the advance, and in September made 
his camp on the bank of Loyalhanna creek, 
where his engineers erected a stockade which he 
named Fort Ligonier, in honor of Sir John 
Ligonicr, under whom Bou([uet served in Eu- 
rope. On the eleventh of September, Bouquet 
sent Maj. Grant with eight hundred men to 
reconnoitre. lie drew up in order of battle be- 
befure Fort Duquesne, on September 13, where 
he was attacked and his force routed, Avith the 
loss of three hundred men. The French and 
Indians, fourteen lumdred strong, marched from 
Fort Duquesne after defeating Grant, and on 
the twelfth of October made two attacks on 
Bouquet, at Fort Ligonier, but were repulsed 
and retreated. The English lost twelve men 
killed and fifty-five wounded. In November, 
Forbes arrived with the main division of the 
army, and Washington was sent forward to open 
the road to Fort Duipiesne, which was cut out 
past the sites of llannastown and Murrysville. 
On November 24, Gen. Forbes captured Fort 
Duquesne and the soil of Westmoreland county. 

and the Ohio valley passed into the hands of the 
Anglo-Saxon race. 

Battle of Bushy Run. — The country was 
garrisoned by the English from 1758 to 17G3, 
In that year Pontiac led the Indian tribes north 
of the Ohio against the English forts, from, 
Detroit to Ligonier. Col. Bouquet was dis- 
patched to the relief of the forts of Westerni 
Pennsylvania. He raised the siege of Fort 
Ligonier, and marched for the relief of Fort 
Pitt, with a-force of five hundred Scotch high- 
landers and Colonial volunteers. On August 
5, 17(53, near the site of Harrison city, West- 
moreland county, he was drawn into an Indian 
ambuscade. Darkness saved his army from ter- 
rible defeat, and on the next day by masterly 
strategy he drew the Indian force into an am- 
buscade, by a feigned retreat, and finally routed 
them with great slaughter. This battle, so nearJy 
lost on the first day by the carelessness^jand ^o 
brilliantly won on the second day, by tKtej 

terly generalship of Col. Henry Bouqueij'^is 
classed by Parkman (the historian), as one of the 
"decisive battles of the worhl," for mighty Pon- 
tiac's grand dream of Indian empire was wrecked 
when his warrior hosts were crushed and scattered 
at Bushy Run. 

Early Settlements. — With the army of Forbes- 
came the first settlers of Westmoreland county. 
Many of them located at Fort Ligonier, without 
any legal right to the soil but tiiat of possession, 
and were reinforced tiie next year by quite a 
number of Forbes' soldiers, who settled by mili- 
tary permit. One of the earliest settlements in 
the county, after the one at Fort Ligonier, was 
made by Andrew Byerly (see sketch of C. 
Cribbs, in this volume) in 1759, on Bush creek,^ 
now in Penn township. His military permit 
was for two hundred and thirty-six acres. As 
to who was the first settler, history is silent and 
tradition fails to supply the name. The earliest 
settler of whom we can find any trace was 
Joseph Hill, who settled in llostraver township^ 
in 1754. Among those who came in 1758 were- 



George Wendell and his son Peter Wendell. 
In 1759, Andrew Byerly and Robert Ilanna 
were west of Fort Ligonier. Among those who 
settled from 17G1 to 1709, were Matthias Cowan 
and Abner Gray, 17G1 ; John Pomeroy, 1702 ; 
James Wilson, 1763 ; Gen. Alexander Craig 
and Capt. John Shields, 1766; James Pollock, 
Robert Campbell, Richard AVallace, Frederick 
Roher, and Capt. James Christy, between 1766 
and 1769. On April 3, 1769, the Pennsylvania 
land office was opened to receive applications to 
take up land in what is now known as West- 
moreland county. Many tracts of land were 
taken and settlers came in rapidly, until 1768, 
when Pontiac's war drove them into the forts, 
and stopped further settlement until 1765. For 
the next decade settlers came into every section 
of the county, and then the westward tide of 
emigration received a second check by the 
opening of the war of the Revolution. 

naty Formation. — Westmoreland county 
treated by an Act of the Legislature on Feb- 
ruary 26, 1773, and was described as having 
been " that part of Bedford county lying west 
of the Laurel Hill." The new county began 
"where the most westerly boundary lino of the 
Youghiogheny crossed the boundary line of the 
province ; thence down the eastern bank of the 
river till it crossed Laurel Hill, which it fol- 
lowed north-eastward till it runs into the Alle- 
gheny mountains ; and these it followed along 
the ridge dividing the Susquehanna from the 
Allcheny river to the purchase line at the head 
of the Susquehanna river ; from the same due 
west to the limits of the province ; and by the 
same to the place of beginning." The territory 
of the new county before it was stricken oft' from 
Bedford was included in eight townships: Arm- 
strong, Fairfield, Ilempfield, Mount Pleasant, 
Pitt, Rostraver, Spriughill, and Tyrone. The 
first court of Westmoreland county met at Han- 
nastown, on April 6, 1773, and created three 
additional townships : Donegal, Huntingdon 
and Manillin. Mississiniwa township was 

erected March 16, 1847, and was annulled in 
1850. The county now contains twenty-three 
townships and twenty-four boroughs. The 
courts were held at Ilannastown until it was 
burned by the Indians in 1782, and then for 
five years at Robert Ilanna's house. Ilannas- 
town had a round log jail, a whipping post and a 
pillory. In 1787, Newtown or Greensburg be- 
came the county-seat. 

Public Buildings. — The first court-house was 
at Ilannastown ; the second court-house was a 
one-story brick house at Greensburg. The next, 
or the "old court-house," was a two-story brick 
building, erected about 1795 or '96, and was 
torn down in 1854 to make room for the present 
stone and brick court-house, which, in connec- 
tion with a jail, cost about §100,000, and has 
been occupied as a temple of justice since 1856. 
The first jail at Greensburg was small and insig- 
nificant ; the next one, a plain two-story brick 
building, was not much of an improvement on 
its predecessor, and stood until late years, when 
it was torn down to make room for its successor, 
the present fine brick architectural structure, 
which was erected at a cost of many thousand 
dollars, and is one of the finest jails in the State. 
The first poor house was erected in 1850, on a 
farm of one hundred and eight acres of land, 
which was bought of William Snyder, of Hemp- 
field township, for §6,000. It was a brick 
building, cost §9,000, and was destroyed by fire 
on August 20, 1862. It was rebuilt at an ex- 
pense of §(5,000, and in its turn was destroyed 
by fire. The present county poor-house is a 
fine and tasteful three-story brick structure. It 
was built near the site of the old one, and is 
two and one-half miles south of Greensburg, at 
County Home station on the South-west railway. 

Boundary Troubles. — The Revolutionary war 
not only checked emigration, but it also arrested 
a struggle between Virginia and Pennsylvania 
for civil supremacy over the territory of West- 
moreland county that threatened to end in 
bloodshed. Virginia claimed all of Western 


Pennsylvania, and in 177G embraced it in lier 
counties of Ohio, Monongalia and Youghioglicny, 
which she created in that year. Often the same 
tract of land was in dispute between two rival 
claimants, one armed with a Pennsylvania war- 
rant and the other holding a Virginia certificate. 
The noted John Connolly attempted several 
times to take possession of liannastown and the 
surrounding country as a part of Youghiogheny 
county, Va., but was foiled and defeated in every 
instance by Gen. Arthur St. Clair. The Revo- 
lution engaged the attention of both provinces 
to the exclusion of everything else, and in 1779 
Pennsylvania and Virginia commissioners met 
at Baltimore and settled the claim of disputed 
territory by establishing Mason and Dixon's 
line as the boundary between their respective 
colonies, which gave the territory in contest to 
the " Quaker" colony. 

Settlers' Forts. — In 1774 Dumore's war 
alarmed the settlers, and petitions containing 
four hundred and thirty names were sent from 
Westmoreland to the Governor of Pennsylvania 
asking for aid. The following forts and block- 
houses were built in the county from 177-1 to 
1778: Forts Shippen, Allen, Wallace, Barr, 
Palmer, Walthour, McDowell and Miller; block- 
houses, Rughs, Williams, Carnahans, Shields, 
Teague Island and Markles. 

Revolutionary War. — The rifle shots on 
"Lexington Common" awoke patriotism in the 
hearts of the Westmoreland pioneers, whose an- 
swer WHS cmiihatically given in tiie liannastown 
Declaration of Independence. It was made on 
the 16th of May, 1775, and in the form of reso- 
lutions condemned the system of English tyranny 
imposed on Massachusetts, and declared that 
Westmorelanders " would oppose it with their 
lives and fortunes." The inhabitants of West- 
moreland at this general meeting also resolved 
to form themselves into a military body, to 
consist of several companies, and to be known 
as the "Association of Westmoreland county." 
This regiment of Westmoreland Associations 

was organized under Col. Proctor, and most of 
its members afterwards served in different Penn- 
sylvania regiments, and fought in nearly all the 
battles of the Revolution. \Yestraorelanders were 
with Arnold amid the snows of Canada, sufiered 
untold privations at Valley Forge, were with 
Washington at Trenton and Princeton, won im- 
perishable renown at Saratoga under Arnold and 
Morgan, fought with Wayne at Stony Point, 
and were at Yorktown. Six companies were 
enlisted in Westmoreland county for the Con- 
tinental army. Their captains were : John 
Nelson, William Butler, Stephen Bayard, Joseph 
Erwin, James Carnahan and Matthew Scott. 
Seven of the eight companies of the Eighth 
Pennsylvania were raised in the county. This 
regiment was organized in July, 1776, to pro- 
tect the western frontier, but in three months 
was called to the front, served under Wash- 
ington and Gates, and in 1778 were sent to Fort 
Pitt for the defense of the western frontiers. 
Gen. Arthur St. Clair was the leading character 
of Westmoreland county in the Revolutionary 
war, while prominent among her many brave sons 
in that great struggle were : Lieut. John Hardin, 
afterwards Gen. John Hardin, of Kentucky, 
Capts. Van Swearingen and David Kilgore. 

Lochry's Expedition. — In the spring of 1781 
Gen. Rogers Clarke proposed to lay waste the 
Ohio Indian country, and thus protect the fron- 
tiers of Pennsylvania and Virginia. The Penn- 
sylvania authorities ordered Col. Archibald 
Lochry to raise fifty volunteei"s in Westmore- 
land county and join Clarke's forces. Lochry 
collected one hundred and seven men at Car- 
nahan's block-house, eleven miles northwest of 
liannastown. He had two companies of rang- 
ers, commanded respectively by Capt. Thomas 
Stokely and Capt. Samuel Shearer, and one 
company of horse under Capt. Charles Camp- 
bell. On July 25, 1781, Col. Lochry departed 
to join Clarke at Wheeling, then Fort Henry. 
Arriving there he found Clarke gone, and ac- 
cording to orders left by the General, proceeded 


down the Ohio river, but did not overtake him. 
Gen. Chirke had failed to receive troops from 
Kentucky, and was corapelled to push rapidly 
down the Oiiio, as his men were (ieserting in 
considerable numbers. Locliry's force, wiicn it 
arrived at the mouth of the Kanawha river, was 
nearly out of provisions and needed ammunition. 
Lochry sent four men in a boat to overtake 
Clarke and notify him of their condition. The 
Indians captured these men, learned from 
Lochry's letter, which they carried, of his des- 
titute condition, and made preparations to at- 
tack him. On the 24th of August Lochry 
landed at the inlet of a creek on the Ohio river, 
some nine miles below the mouth of the Muskin- 
gum. He was here attacked by the Indians, and 
a desperate encounter ensued, in which Lochry 
and forty-two of his men were killed and the 
remainder of his command taken prisoners. 
The Indians held these prisoners until 1783, 
when they were ransomed by the British in 
Canada and exchanged. But more than half 
of Lochry's command never returned to Penn- 
sylvania, and Westmoreland county lost over 
fifty of her bravest sons by that unfortunate 

Crawford's Expedition. — In May, 1782, Col. 
William Crawford led an expedition of four hun- 
dred and eighty men against the Ohio Indians. 
In May, 1782, his force was attacked on the San- 
dusky plains by the Indians and badly de- 
feated. Col. Crawford was captured and burned 
at tiio stake. His men were from what is now 
Fayette and Washington counties, and his home 
was near the site of Connellsville, Pa. 

Burning of Hannaitotvn. — From 1781 to 
1783 was the midnight period in the early his- 
tory of Westmoreland county. It seems that in 
the summer of the latter year, that the British, 
in Canada, projected an expedition against Fort 
Pitt, in which they were joined by a considerable 
force of Indians and a large number of Tories. 
A report of reinfoi'cements at Fort Pitt deterred 
them from an attack on that place, and several 

small bodies were detached from the main force 
against defenseless points along the western 
frontiers. One of these detachments, numbering 
about one hundred, and composed of Tories and 
Indians, was sent against Ilannastown. On 
Saturday, July 13, 1782, this mongrel band 
arrived at Michael Iluflnagle's, about one and 
one-half miles north of Ilannastown, where the 
settlers had gathered on that day to cut Iluff- 
nagle's harvest. The Indians were discovered 
in time for the settlers to make good their escape 
to the fort at Ilannastown. Tradition has sug- 
gested, but history is silent, as to who the leaders 
of the Tories and Indians were. By the time 
the renegades and Indians arrived at Ilannas- 
town, the court, which was in session that day, 
and all the inhabitants of the town, were safely 
within the palisades of the fort. The exas- 
perated enemy set fire to Ilannastown, which 
consisted of about thirty log houses and cabins. 
All the buildings were burned, except Robert 
Ilanna's and another house, which stood close to 
the stockade. Within the fort were twenty men, 
who had only nine guns ; without, one hundred 
savages and Tories, who were well armed. 
Foiled in their attempt to surprise the place, 
they invested the stockade, and sent out a party 
of forty or fifty, who surprised and captured 
Miller's block-house. Burning the block-house 
and surrounding cabins, they returned with 
several prisoners. None of the inmates of the 
stockade fort were killed or wounded by the 
desultory fire of the force, except Margaret 
Shaw, who lost her life in rescuing a child 
which was crawling toward the stockade pickets 
(see sketch of S. W. Shaw). In the evening the 
enemy fixed their camp in the Crabtree hollow, 
where they killed one prisoner and made the 
others run the gauntlet. During the night 
thirty men from George's station succeeded 
in approaching and entering the Ilannastown 
fort. Capt. Matthew Jack and David Shaw 
risked their lives in notifying the settlers outside 
the forts. Toward morning the Indians became 



apprelicnsive of tlieir retreat being cut oil" by 
forces from Fort Ligonier, and tied. Tliey killed 
Capt. Brownlee and several of their captives 
during llioir retreat. 'J'liey crossed the iviski- 
4iiinetiis near the site of Apollo, and distanced 
the pursuit of the whites. 1'liey took about 
twenty prisoners, and killed over one hundred 
head of cattle, with a loss of only two warriors, 
who were shot at Ilannastown. The Indians 
traded their scalps and prisoners to the British 
in Canada. The prisoners were afterward ex- 
changed and returned to Westmoreland county. 
Ilannastown made the first protest against 
British tyranny, and was really the last battle- 
field of the Revolution. 

ITarmar's Defeat. — From 1782 to 1784 the 
settlers west of Chestnut ridge, in AVestmore- 
land county, planted no crops and were gathered 
into the frontier forts and block-houses. From 
1784 to 1790 was a period of peace in West- 
moreland, and many settlers came into the 
county. In 1790 Gen. Ilarmar collected one 
thousand one liundred and thirty-three militia, 
and marched from the site of Cincinnati toward 
Miami to punish the Indians for their continued 
depredations in Ohio. In October he was at- 
tacked and badly defeated, with a loss of two 
hundred men and half his horses. One of his 
bravest ollicers was Col. Christopher Truby, of 

Saint ('lair's Defeat. — Tho next year Gen. 
Saint Clair set out with two thousand men to 
r<Urii>vo llarniar's failure, but at tho battle of the 
Wabash, on Noveudior 4, 1791, he siilVereil a 
.terrible defeat at tho hands of tho Indians, by 
which he lost over seven hundred men and his 
artillery. One company of Westmoreland mi- 
litia was in his army and fought very creditably 
in this disastrous battle. 

Last Indian Trouldcs. — Tho success of the 
Indians in Ohio emboldened the tribes along the 
Allegheny river, and the northern part of West- 
moreland county was frequently raided by war 
parties from 1790 to 1795. During this period 

ranger and militia companies were stationed at 
the forts and blockhouses through the northern 
parts of the county. In 179- a party of Corn- 
planter Indians came into Derry township, 
where they killed Mrs. Mitchell and took her 
son Charles prisoner. In the same year they 
captured Massy Harbison, whose captivity and 
sufl'erings have so often been related in the his- 
tories of the frontier. 

Wayne's victory at the battle of the Fallen 
Timbers forever broke the Indian power and 
gave peace to the Westmoreland frontier. 

Whiskey Insurrection. — The first rebellion 
against the United States Government was the . 
Whiskey Insurrection of 1794. It was confined 
to Fayette, Washington and Allegheny counties, 
Pa., and Monongalia and Ohio counties, Va. 
(Now West Virginia.) As early as 1785 Graham 
the excise collector for Westmoreland county, 
was driven out of Greensburg, and in June, 
1794, John Wells, who was serving in the same 
capacity, was captured and escorted beyond the 
county line. 'William Findley and many other 
citizens of Westmoreland were prominent in 
this insurrection, that died for want of military 
leaders. Its undeveloped elements of strength 
were such, that Alexander Hamilton said that 
it endangered the foundations of the newly es- 
tablished republic, and that Washington pur- 
posed leading in person against it an army of 
fifteen thousand men, whose divisions were com- 
manded by his ablest generals of the llevolution- 
ary war. On October 22, 1794, a meeting was 
hehl at Greensburg, and resolutions were passed 
by the citizens present to yield (jbedieiico to tho 
laws of the country. The insurgents dispersed 
before the United States army arrived, and all 
of the guilty participants were eventually par- 
doned by the Government. 

War of ISIJ. — On May 12, 1812. Governor 
Snyder directed the organization of tiie I'enn- 
sylvania militia on a war basis. Westmoreland 
county was included in the Thirteenth Division, 
which was commanded by Major General David 



Marchand. Westmorelanders served with credit 
along Lake Erie, at Baltimore, and around 
Washington city ; but the soldiers, who had the 
opportunities and reflected glory upon the 
county, were those who fought under Harrison, 
" whose trumpets never sounded the notes of re- 
treat." The Greensburg Rifle Company, com- 
manded by Major John B. Alexander, distin- 
guished itself at Fort Meigs, where one day it 
defeated a body of Indians commanded by the 
mighty Tecumseh in person. It also fought at 
Fort Sandusky, against Proctor and Tecumseh. 
The Westmoreland troop of cavalry, commanded 
by Capt. Joseph Markle, fought gallantly under 
Gen. Harrison, who regarded them for behavior 
and military appearance as the first troop of 
United Suites volunteer cavalry in the North- 
western army. Maj. Alexander's company was 
forty- four strong And Capt. Markle's numbered 
thirty-five. There were other soldiers from 
Westmoreland who served under Harrison be- 
sides those in these two companies, but their 
names and companies could not be secured at 
this writing. 

Pikes. — The first main road through the 
county was the Forbes' military road, on which 
was built Hannastown and Ligonier. From 
1773 to 1782, many roads had been cut in 
different parts of the county. In 1785 an Act 
of Assembly was passed for the "State Road," 
which passed through the villages of Ligonier, 
Youngstown, Greensburg, Adamsburg, and just 
south of the site of Irwin. This road with 
slight variations became u part of tiie Harrisburg 
and Pittsburg turnpike, which was created by an 
Act of Assembly on February 24, 1806. This 
pike was the great road of the county until the 
era of railways ; it is generally known as the 
Greensburg turnpike. The " Northern turn- 
pike " was projected but was never made. Its 
course was to be nearly over the old Frankstown 
road, which ran through New Alexandria, New 
Salem, Newlandsburg and Murrysville. 

Pennsylvania Canal. — In 1826 the Legisla- 

ture provided for the construction of the Penn- 
sylvania canal at the expense of the State. In 
1831 the main line of the public works, from 
Philadelphia to Pittsburg, was completed at an 
expense of over thirty-five millions of dollars. 
The Kiskiminetas was slacked, and in 1834 canal 
boats ran from the Quaker to the Iron city. 
Along its route sprang up the most of the fol- 
lowing villages of Conemaugh, Nineveh, Flor- 
ence, Lockport, Bolivar, Blairsville, Bairdstown, 
Livermore, Saltsburg, Leechburg and Freeport. 

Mexican War. — When war was declared 
against Mexico over one hundred of Westmore- 
land's favorite sons enlisted in the armies of 
their country, and over one-third of them never 
returned from the land of the Montezumas. 
The Westmoreland Guards were raised and com- 
manded by Capt. J. W. Johnson. They became 
Co. E, second reg.. Pa. Vols., and were en- 
gaged in all the battles from Vera Cruz to the 
City of Mexico. They entered the service 
ninety- four in number and were mustered out, 
forty-four men all told, July 14, 1848. Among 
the noble sons of Westmoreland who fell fighting 
in Mexico were Capt. Simon II. Drum and 
Lieut. Richard Johnson. Six natives of the 
county served in the Duquesne Grays, and one 
of the number was Richard C. Drum, now Ad- 
jutant General of the LTnited States army. 
Isaac George was one of the soldiers in Doni- 
phan's wonderful march. (See sketch of Mr. 

Early Railroads.— On April 18, 1846, the 
Pennsylvania Railroad was chartered, and on 
December 10, 1852, the first train ran through 
from Philadelphia to Pittsburg by way of 
Greensburg. This road runs 55.3 miles through 
Westmoreland county, and along it have been 
built the towns of Derry, Latrobe and Manor, 
and a score of prosperous villages. The second 
railroad in tlie county is the Pittsburg and Con- 
nellsville railroad, which was opened from Lay- 
ton station, in Fayette county, Pa., to West 
Newton on May 7, 1855, and was afterwards 


continued to Robbins' station, wliere it passed 
into Allegheny county. The third railroad 
■which was completed in Westmoreland county 
is the Western I'ennsylvania, wliich was char- 
torud February U, 18iJ3, as tho Northwestern 
Pennsylvania railroad, and was to run from 
Blairsville, Indiana county, to Freeport, Arm- 
strong county. Pa., by nearly the route of the 
Pennsylvania canal along the northern border 
of Westmoreland county. The company build- 
ing the road failed and a new company completed 
it in 18G5, as the Western Pennsylvania rail- 
road, under a charter approved March 22, 1860. 
The opening of the first two roads and the 
projection of the third inaugurated a new era in 
the history of the county, whose progress was 
arrested for a decade of years by the breaking 
thunders of the greatest civil war of modern 

The Great Civil War. — One week after 
President Lincoln's call for troops the " Old 
eleventh regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers" 
was organized, and in it were two companies, 
I and K, which were recruited at Greensburg. 
In the eleventh Pa. Reserves were the following 
Westmoreland companies : C, recruited at La- 
trobe ; E, at Latrobe and Ligonier ; F, at Salem ; 

I, at Greensburg, and K, at Youngstown ; com- 
panies II and I of the fortieth regiment were 
raised in the county; Co. C, eighty-fourth 
regiment, was recruited in the Ligonier valley ; 
Co. E, one hundred and fifth regiment, was 
raised in tho county, besides several other 
companies, which are given below: 

The following companies were entirely raised 
or partly recruited in Westmoreland county : 
Co. I, eleventh regiment, commanded by Capt. 
Richard Coulter, promoted to Brigadier-General, 
and Capt. W. R. Terry ; Co. K, eleventh, W. 
B. Coulter, II. L. Donnelly ; Co. C, eleventh 
Reserves, J. J. Bierer, Absalom Schall, W. S. 
Ellis ; Co. E, eleventh Reserves, J. C. McCurdy, 

II. B. Piper, J. J. Briggs; Co. F, eleventh 
Reserves, D. M. Cook, E. II. Gay, J. T. Chal- 

fant; Co. I, eleventh Reserves, G. N. Gribbs, 
J. N. Thomas, A. G. Hopper; Co. K, eleventh 
Reserves, J. B. Keenan, promoted to Major, 
John Reed, J. B. Lauffer; Co. G, fourteenth; 
Co. B, twenty-eighth, Robert Warden, W. N. 
Jordan, W. C Armor, promoted to Major ; Co. 
H, fortieth, D. Kistler, L. A. Jordan, B. A. 
Job ; Co. I, fortieth, T. Spiers, Eli Wauga- 
man ; Co. F, forty-first, A. G. Oliver, Chill W. 
Ilazzard ; Co. K, fifty-third, W. B. Coulter, G. 
C. Anderson, D. B. Wineland ; Co. C, sixty- 
fourth, J. J. McCullough, R. D. Martin, N. J. 
Ilorrel, promoted to Major; Co. D, sixty-fourth, 
George II. Covode, promoted to colonel, J. T. 
Peale, D. P. Smith, J. C. Paul, promoted to 
Major ; Co. E, sixty-seventh ; Co. F, seventy- 
fourth, G. A. McLain, John Kintner ; Co. C, 
eighty-fourth, J. M. Logan, J. J. Wirsing ; 
Co. M, one hundredth, D. A. Leckey, pro- 
moted to Major, A. B. Campbell, J. L. Mc- 
Feeters ; Co. B, one hundred and first, W. 
S. Ilarah ; Co. E, one hundred and fifth, Mingo 
M. Dick, promoted to Major, J. W. Green- 
await, C. M. Markle ; Co. F, one hundred 
and thirty-fifth, G. C. Mahon ; Co. B, one 
hundred and thirty-sixth, S. S. Marchand; 
Co. B, one hundred and forty-second, J. G. 
Andrews, D. S. Wilkins; Co. F, one hundred 
and forty-eighth, John Markle ; Co. II, one 
hundred and sixty-eightli, J. T. Fulton; Co. I, 
ono hundred and sixty-eighth, James Ilitch- 
man ; Co. K, one hundred and sixty-eiglith, 
J. B. Lauffer ; Co. I, two hundred and fourth, 
J. C. Hawk ; Co. E, two hundred and sixth, 
John T. Fulton, promoted to lieutenant-colonel, 
C. L. Brant, J. S. Coulter ; Co. E, two hun- 
dred and eleventh, AV. Walter ; Co. II, two 
hundred and eleventh, M. B. V. Harding ; 
Co. I, two hundred and eleventh, J. W. 
Graham ; Co. K, two hundred and eleventh, 
J. Henderson ; Co. II, two hundred and 
twelfth, M. Leslie. Besides the men in these 
companies we have account of soldiers from 
Westmoreland in the western armies, and in 


thirty-seven other Pennsylvania regiments serv- 
ing in the Army of the Potomac. The county 
furnislied tlie Union armies with one major- 
general — Jolin W. Geary ; two brevet brigadier- 
generals, Kiciiard Coulter and Tliomas F. Gal- 
highcr, and the present adjutant-general of the 
U. S. A., llichard Coulter Drum. It also gave 
to the navy Com. John Bonnett Marehand and 
many gallant seamen. In 1862 the county fur- 
nished Governor Curtin with four companies of 
militia, which were used in guarding the State 
against Lee's threatened invasion of that year. 
In 1863 Westmoreland raised two cavalry and 
seven infantry companies to aid in repelling 
Lee's threatening invasion in the east and to 
assist in the capture of Morgan's raiders in 
Ohio. The companies that served against Morgan 
aided materially in his capture. It is estimated 
by those who know that two thousand soldiers 
of the late war were from Westmoreland county, 
Pa. Her sons fought amid the clouds on Look- 
out Mountain, and were with Sherman ii^ his 
" ]\Iarch to the Sea." They served amid the 
hills of West Virginia and along the " Southern 
Gulf," and helped to capture Morgan and his 
bold raiders in Ohio. Hundreds of them joined 
the Army of the Potomac, and were with it from 
Cedar Mountain until the sun of the " Great 
Hebellion" went down at Appomatto.x Court- 
House, when Leo's war-worn veterans grounded 
arms to the " Silent Man " from Galena. 

Connellsville Ooke Region. — In 1865 the sol- 
dier WU.S lost in the citizen, and peace, the "glad- 
ness-giving (juecu," reigned supreme throughout 
the land. After the war the people of West- 
moreland county, while not neglecting their great 
agricultural resources, yet turned their attention 
largely to the development of their immense coal 
beds in the Connellsville coking belt. In 1873 
the Southwest Pennsylvania railroad was com- 
pleted from Greentiburg to Scottdale, and from 
that time until the present the coke industry has 
increased with wonderful rapidity. The num- 
ber of coke ovens in the county has increased 

from a few hundred in 1873 to many thousands 
in 18'J0. These ovens produce the typical coke 
of the world. 

Murrysville Natural Gas Field. — The nat- 
ural gas wells in the Murrysville and Grapeville 
districts are conceded by geologists to be the 
greatest on the globe. These wells have given 
no sign of failure for over ten years, and supply 
Pittsburg and many towns over thirty miles 
away. The abundance and cheapness of this 
gas has brought steel, iron and glass works to the 
county, and has increased three-fold its volume 
of business. It has led to a building boom in 
all the main towns, and led to the founding and 
growth of Jeannette, " the magical city of glass," 
that in one year after being laid out numbered 
two thousand people. 

Recent and Phenomenal Development. — To- 
day Westmoreland is one of the most prosperous 
and rapidly progressive counties of the State. 
Its great agricultural resources, its large bodies 
of timber and vast mineral wealth of gas and 
coking coal, iron, rock and natural gas, have 
been wonderfully developed within the last de- 
cade. In the race of future competition West- 
moreland county will lead and be in the front 
rank of the progressive counties of the United 
States. The mineral development of the county 
and the growth in the number and size of its 
vast manufacturing establishments have been 
marvelous and phenomenal. From 1870 to 
1880 the population increased 20,000, and during 
the last decade competent authorities estimate 
that the county has increased from 75,000 to 
150,000 in population. 

Towmhips. — The eight parent townships in 
1778 were: Armstrong (now included in terri- 
tory of Armstrong county), Fairfield, Ilempfield, 
Mount Pleasant, Pitt (Allegheny county), llos- 
traver, Springhill and Tyrone (now in Fayette). 
On April 6, 1773, three townshi[)3 were formed: 
Donegal, Huntingdon and Manillin (Fayette 
county.) Since then the following townships 
have been erected: Derry, 1775; Wheatfield 


(Intliuna county), 1770; Wharton iind Franklin 
(Fayette county), 1781 ; Franklin and Suioni, 
between 1785 and 1790; Unity, 1789; South 
Huntingdon, 1790; Allegheny, 1795; East 
Huntingdon, 1798; Ligonier, 1822; Loyal- 
haniia, 18;i3; Sewickley, 18155; Mississiniwa, 
1847, and disannulled 1850; Burrcll, 1852, and 
sub-divided into Upper Burrell and Lower Bur- 
rell, 1879; Bell, 1853; Cook, 1855; Penn, 
1855 ; and Saint Clair, 1856. 

Fairfield Township. — One of the sub-divi- 
sions of Bedford county was Fairfield township, 
and wlicn it became a part of Westmoreland 
county, in 1773, it embraced the greater portion 
of the Ligonier Valley. Out of its original ter- 
ritory has been carved part of Ligonier and all 
of Saint Clair township. Fairfield is an agri- 
cultural township. Its population at each 
census, from 1810 to 1880. has been as follows: 
1,542, 1,757, 2,1 8U, 2,320, 2,560, 1,760, 1,797, 
and in 1880 was 1,611, including Bolivar, 378 ; 
Fairfield, 119, and Lockport, 104. In 1835 
there was seven schools ; now the township 
contains thirteen schools with five hundred 

Jfcinpjiehl township is situated in the central 
part of the county, and contains a large amount of 
farming and coal land. Its early settlers were 
mostly German Lutherans. Its census popula- 
tion from 1810 to 1880 has been as follows: 
3,444, 3,885, 4,565, 4,772, 5,935, 5,668, 5,819, 
and in 1880 was 6,286, including East Greens- 
burg, 53; (IrapcviUu, !>2 ; I'aiadise, 110; Stan- 
ton, 118. It i.s traversed by two railways, and 
among its promising towns are : Paintersvillc, 
Middletown and Aroma. The township has 
thirty-eight common schools with an enrollment 
of over eijjhteen hundred pupils. 

Mt. Pleasant township lies in the southern 
part of the county, and is one of the richest 
coke townships in the State. It was early 
settled and has always been wealthy and pop- 
ulous. Its population by decades from ISIO to 
1880 has been: 1,780, 2,060, 2,381, 2,123, 

2,576, 2,690, 3,266 and 4,224. It has nineteen 
seliools with about twelve hundred pupils. 

Rostraver township is the extreme south- 
western township of the county, and the name 
was first written Rosstrevor. It is a fine agri- 
cultural and mineral township, and its farmers 
are thrifty and prosperous. Its first white set- 
tler was Joseph Hill, who located in 1755. 
Gen. La Fayette was highly pleased with the 
reception given him at Lebanon school house, 
in this township, in 1825. The population from 
the third to the tenth census has been : 1,786, 
1,679, 1,721, 1,880, 2,087, 2.450, 2,786 and 
3,231. The township had six school houses in 
1835, but now has seventeen schools and about 
nine hundred pupils enrolled. 

Donegal township is the southeastern town- 
ship of the county, and originally included a 
portion of Fayette county and Cook township. 
The chief employments of its people are agri- 
culture and lumbering. Its population at the 
last eight census has been : 2,147, 2,564, 2,052, 
2,261, 2,527, 1,389, 1,277 and 1,242. It has 
eleven common schools with an enrollment of 
over four hundred pupils. 

Huntingdon township is now known as North 
Huntingdon township, and is the parent town- 
ship of East and South Huntingdon townships. 
It is a wealthy and populous township. It is 
traversed by three railways and contains several 
important towns. At the last eight census its 
population has been : 2,345, 2,217, 3,170, 1,878, 
2,570, 2,798, 3,326 and 6,341. Its twenty- 
five schools have an enrollment of over fifteen 
hundred pupils. 

Den-g toivnship is the first-born of the town- 
ship erected by Westmoreland, and is situated 
in the nothcrn part of the county. It is rich in 
agricultural, mineral and timber lands, and is 
the largest and most populous township in the 
county. It has four boroughs and a large 
number of towns within its borders. Its census 
population since 1820 has been : 2,380.2,301, 
3,890, 3,722, 5,567, 4,703, 5,264 and 6,909. 



It has tliirty-two schools in operation with an 
enrolhnent of over fourteen hundred pupils. 

Franklin township is in the western part of 
the county, and contains tho wonderful Murrys- 
villo natural gas district. The township waa 
settled as early as 17G9. At each census from 
1810 its population has been as follows : 1,542, 
1,757, 2,1G8, 2,320, 2,560, 1,7G0, 1,797 and 
1,704. It has thirteen schools and over five 
hundred pupils enrolled. 

Salem township is north of Hempfield town- 
ship, and its pioneer settlers were of English, 
Scotch-Irish, German and Yankee ancestry. It 
is heavily underlaid with veins of coal. Its 
population by decades since 1810 has been : 
1,518, 1,965, 2,294, 1,892, 2,065, 2,551, 2,578 
and 1,851. Its fourteen schools have an enroll- 
ment of nearly six hundred pupils. 

Unity township is east of the center of the 
county. It contains vast mineral wealth, and is 
one of the best wheat and corn producing dis- 
tricts in the State. The Pennsylvania R. R. 
runs through it, and coke plants are numerous. 
Its population by the last eight census reports 
have been as follows: 2,174, 2,436, 2,990, 8,003, 
4,152, 3,700 and 3,925. In its twenty-seven 
schools are enrolled over one thousand pupils. 

Washington township is one of the three 
northwestern townships. Its citizens are chiefly 
engaged in agriculture. Heavy veins of coal 
exist in the central and southern parts. Tho 
census reports give its population from 1810 to 
1880 «a follows: 1,695, 1,478, 2,153, 2,004, 
2,076, 1,389, 1416 and 1,604. Its eleven 
schools have an enrollment of about five hun- 
dred pupils. 

South Huntingdo7i township is in the south- 
western part of the county, and contains a vast 
amount of coking coal besides excellent building 
stone and some very good farming lands. By 
the last eight census its population has been : 
1,656, 2,004, 2,294, 2,793, 1,470, 2,264, 2,210 
and 3,005. Over eight hundred pupils are en- 
rolled in its fifteen schools. 

Allegheny toivnship is in the extreme north- 
west. The northern p;irt abounds in coal, and 
the remainder of its territory is specially adapted 
to agricultural purposes. Its population by de- 
cades from 1820 has been : 1,888, 2,058, 2,642, 
3,329, 1,888, 1,710 and 2,050. Its fourteen 
schools have an enrollment of nearly six hundred 

East Huntingdon township is in the southern 
part of the county. Its surface is varied. It 
is entirely underlaid with bituminous coal. Its 
pioneer settlers were Scotch-Irish, who were 
succeeded by Germans in 1790. The popula- 
tion of the township by the last eight census 
has been: 1,267, 1,383, 1,516, 1,776, 1,873, 
1,915, 2,134 and 4,404. Its schools number 
sixteen with an enrollment of over one thousand 
two hundred pupils. 

Ligonier township lies between Chestnut and 
Laurel Hill ridges in the historic valley of the 
same name. It is pierced by the Ligonier rail- 
road, and its inhabitants are chiefly engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. Its population by decades 
since 1830 has been: 1,916,2,204,2,582,2,730, 
2,434 and 2,640. Its twenty-two schools enroll 
nearly eight hundred pupils. 

Loyalhanna township is in the northern part 
of the county. Coal exists in abundant quan- 
tities, and its inhabitants are chiefly engaged in 
farming. Its population since 1840 has been as 
follows: 1,130, 1,258, 867, 814 and 848. Its 
four schools enroll nearly two hundred pupils. 

Scwickh'y township is in tho southwestern 
part of Westmoreland, and was settled at an 
early date. Its inhabitants are engaged in 
mining, manufacturing and farming. Its popu- 
lation by decades since 1840 has been : 1,573, 
1,689, 1,936, 2,372 and 3,457. It has six 
schools in which about two hundred and fifty 
pupils are enrolled. 

Burrell township is now divided into Upper 
and Lower Burrell townships. They both con- 
tain coal, and the chief occupation of their people 
is agriculture. In 1860 Burrell had 1,779 and 


in 1870 1,819 of a population. In 1880 Upper 
lUirrell lunl a population of 714 anil Lower 
Burrell of 940. Tiie former has six schools 
with nearly two hundred pupils, and the latter 
numbers seven schools with over two hundred 

Bell township is in the northwestern part of 
Westmoreland, and was settled about 1769. It 
contains several extensive coke plants and several 
large brickyards for the manufactureof fire-brick. 
Its population in 18G0 was 901 ; in 1870, 810 ; 
and in 1880, 2,064. It has seven schools and 
nearly three hundred pupils. 

Cook towniliip is situated between Ligonier 
and Donegal townships. It was originally a 
part of Donegal, and is chiefly adapted to farm- 
ing and grazing. Its population in 1860 was 
1,043; in 1870, 878; and in 1880, 1,256. It 
has nine schools with nearly four hundred pupils. 

Penn township is west of the center of the 
county, and ranks as one of the most fertile 
portions of Pennsylvania. It contains heavy 
bituminous coal veins and numerous natural gas 
wells. Its population in 1860 was 2,109; in 
1870, 2,424 ; and in 1880, 2,798. In its nine- 
teen schools are enrolled over eight hundred 

St. Olair township is in the extreme north- 
eastern part of Westmoreland county, and con- 
tains coal and building stone. It is the last 
created and smallest township in the county. 
Its population in 1860 was 956 ; in 1870, 777 ; 
anil in ISSO, 781!. It has four schools with an 
cnrolluu'iil of nearly two huinhcil pupils. 

Boroayhs. — There are twenty-live boroughs 
within the county. 

Greensburg is the oldest borough in the 
county, and is noted for its many fine and costly 
churches. It was established by an Act of As- 
sembly passed March 13, 1785. In 1810 it 
had 685 of a population ; in 1820, 770 ; in 
1830, 810; in 1840, 800; in 1850, 1,051 ; in 
1860, 1,388; in 1870, 1,642; in 1880, 2,500; 
and, by a late directory, in 1890 it had, includ- 

ing East Greensburg, Bunker Hill, Ludwick 
and other suburbs, a population of 8,003. 

Latrobe borough was laid out in 1851 and 
incorporated May 24, 1854. In 1860 it had a 
population of 758; in 1870, 1,127; in 1880, 
1,813; and is now estimated to have between 
3,000 and 4,000 inhabitants. 

West Newton borough was incorporated Feb- 
ruary 26, 1842, and in 1850 had a population 
of 771; in 1860, 949; 1870, 819; 1880, 1,475. 

Irwin borough was laid out in 1853, and 
incorporated November 14, 1864. Its popula- 
tion in 1870 was 833, and in 1880 numbered 

Scottdale borough is one of the most flourish- 
ing and progressive railway towns of south- 
western Pennsylvania. It was laid out by 
Jacob S. and Peter S. Loucks, and was named 
in honor of Col. Thomas A. Scott. It was 
incorporated February 5, 1874, and six years 
later contained a population of 1,278. It now 
has in the neighborhood of 5,000 inhabitants. 

Mt. Pleasant borough was laid out by Alex- 
ander McCready, August 28, 1797, and was 
incorporated by an act of Assembly February 
7, 1828. In 1840 it had 554 population; in 
1850, 534; in 1870, 717; in 1880, 1,197. 

Ligonier, while not the oldest borough, yet is 
the oldest settled place in Westmoreland county. 
It was made a borough by an Act of Assembly, 
April 10, 1834, and in 1878 became the eastern 
terminus of the Ligonier Valley Railroad. Its 
population in 1840 was 294 ; in 1850, 878; in 
1870, 317; in 1880, 635. 

Penn borough was laid out in 1859 by J. II. 
Oliver, and was incorporated May 16, 1865. 
In 1870 it had a population of 820, and in 
1880, 604. 

Ludwick borough adjoins Greensburg, and 
was incorporated February 17, 1859. Its pop- 
ulation in I860 was 299; in 1870, 533; in 
1880, 603. 

New Florence borough was laid out by Judge 
Robert Givens, and first applied for incorpora- 


tion in 1805, and was incorporated prior to 
1870, when it contained 333 inhabitants. In 
1880 it had a population of 532. 

I'arnasxus l/orouc/h was I'lmndod in 185lJ, 
' and incorporated by an Act of Assembly, April 
9, 1872, and eight years later its population was 

New Sidem borough was laid out March 3, 
1811, by Thomas Wilson, and was incorporated 
by an Act of Assembly, April 8, 1833. The 
postoffice is designated Delmont. In 1840 the 
population was 204 ; in 1850, 299 ; in 1870, 
448; in 1880, 460. 

Bolivar borough was a canal village, and 
afterwards became a railway town. It was in- 
corporated November 25, 1863. In 1870 its 
population was 298, and ten years later had 
1/ increased to 378. 

i New Alexandria borough was laid out by 

Alexander Denniston, and became a borough 

by an Act of Assembly, April 10, 1834. In 

. ■ 1870 its population 305; and in 1880 was 

• 335. 

Youngstown borough is one of the oldest 

villages in the county, and was incorporated by 

I the Assembly by Act of April 2, 1831. Its 

population in 1870 was 301; and in 1880 was 


North Belle Vernon borough was founded 
many years ago, and became a borough by an 
Act of Assembly passed March 5, 1841. In 
1850 its population was 263; in 1870, 229; 
and iu 1880, 199. 

JUadison borough is in Ilompfiold township, 
and was incorporated October 3, 1876. In 
1830 its population was 199. 

Donegal borough is one of the old towns of 
the Ligonier valley, and was incorporated Sep- 
tember 20, 1867. In 1870 its population was 
155, and in 1880, 183. 

Livermore borough was laid out in 1827, and 
named for John Livermore. It was incorporated 
February 13, 1865, and its population in 1870 
was 211; In 1880, 164. 

Since 1880 the following five boroughs have 
been established: 

Derry borough was incorporated October 15, 
1881, and had a pojmlation of 777 in 1H80. 

Banker Hill borough adjoins Greensburg, and 
had a population of 327 in 1880. 

Cokcville borough is in Derry township, and 
had a population of 566 in 1880. 

Jeannette borough was laid out in 1888, and 
its population is now between three and four 

The following villages are returned in the 
census of 1880, with the following population: 
Bridgeport, 635; Webster, 560; Westmoreland 
city, 527 ; Suterville, 403 ; South Side, 484 ; 
Ilahntown, 432 ; Texas, 410 ; Wardentown, 
359; Shafton, 343; Paintertown, 299; Pleasant 
Unity, 298 ; Harrison city, 247 ; Saint Clair, 
221; Gibsonton, 180 ; Salina, 172; West La- 
trobe, 159; Spring Garden, 153; Millwood, 
147; Circleville, 149; Jacksonville, 132; Grim- 
town, 129; Fairfield, 119; New Stanton, 118; 
Paradise, 110; Lockport, 105; Kelleytown, 
99 ; Grapeville 92 : Paulton, 90 ; Murrysville, 
81; East Greensburg, 53; Stewardsville, 44 ; 
Ragentown, 33 ; Perryton, 29 ; Blairsville Inter- 
section, 61 ; Cooperville, 144 ; New Derry, 184. 

Political historg. — The political history of a 
county is always recorded in the vote cast for 
presidential candidates, and we give this vote 
from 1828 to 1888, excepting eight election re- 
turns which we could not obtain. 
1828. Democratic, Andrew Jackson, 8,419 
Nat. Rep., John Q. Adams, 629 

1832. Democratic, Andrew Jackson, 3,419 
Anti-Mason, William Wirt, 819 

1852. Democratic, Franklin Pierce, 5,509 

Whig, Winfield Scott, 3,203 

1864. Democratic, Geo. B. McClellan, 5,683 
Republican, Abraham Lincoln, 4,084 
1868. Democratic, Horatio Seymour, 6,360 
Republican, Ulysses S. Grant, 5,285 
1872. Republican, Ulysses S. Grant, 5,412 
Dem. and Lib., Horace Greely, 4,719 


1876. Democratic, Samuel J. TilJen, 7,466 
Rep., Rutherford B. Hayes, 6,217 

1880. Dem., Winfield S. Hancock, 7,975 
Uepublicaii, James A. GarKold, 7,113 

1884. Democratic, (Jrovcr Cleveland, 8,348 

Republican, James G. Blaine, 8,340 

1888. Republican, Benjamin Harrison, 0,927 

Democratic, Groyer Cleveland, 9,602 

The greenback voto has been: 1876, Peter 

Cooper, 265 ; 1880, James B. Weaver, 899 ; 

1881, Benj. F.Butler, 516; and 18S8, Alson 
J. Streeter, 147. 

The prohibition has been : 1884, John P. St. 
John, 307, and 1888, Clinton B. Fisk, 430. 

The following residents of Westmoreland have 
represented the district, of which the county has 
been a part, in Congress: William Findley, 
democrat, elected in 1791, 1793, 1795, 1797, 
1803, 1805, 1807, 1809, 1811, 1813 and 1815. 
George Plummer, elected in 1820, 1822, 1824. 
Richard Coulter, democrat, elected in 1826, 
1828, 1830 and 1832. Albert G. Marchand, 
democrat, elected in 1840 and 1842. Henry 
D. Foster, democrat, elected in 1844, 1846 and 
1870. Joseph II. Kuhns, whig, elected in 1850. 
Augustus Drum, elected in 1852. John Covode, 
whig and republican, elected in 1854, 1856, 
1858, 1860, 1866 and 1868. Jacob Turney, 
democrat, elected in 1874 and 1876. Welty 
McCullough, republiean, elected in 1886. 

We have gathered from many sources the 
following list of members of the Legislature of 
Pennsylvania from Westmoreland county. 

Meiiibirs I'cnnsylvania House of Iieprescnt- 
atwes.— lli)0, William Findley. 1791-93, 
Christian Lobeinger. 1812-18, George Plum- 
mer. 1816-19, Richard Coulter. 

From old papers we get the following mem- 
bers: 1830, J. C. Plummer. 1831, James 
Findlay. 1834, James Findlay and John B. 
Alexander. 1844-47, J. M. Burrell. 1848- 
50, H. P. Laird. 1850, L. L. Bigelow. 1851- 
52, L. L. Bigelow and Joseph GutTey. 1853- 
54, W. A. Cook and Benj. Byerly. 

From Smull's Legislative Hand Book we 
compile the folowing names of members : 1860, 
J. W. Coulter and J. R. McGonigle; 1861, 
James Taylor and J. R. Mclionigle; 1862-63, 
Richard (.Jraliaiii and S. Wakefield; 1864, John 
W. Riddle and John Hargnett ; 1865-66, J. R. 
McAfee and James McElroy ; 1867-68, T. F. 
Gallagher; 1869, A. C. Hamilton and James 
A. Hunter; 1870, J. F. Kreps and A. M. 
Fulton; 1871, A. M. Fulton and 11. B. Piper; 
1872-73, A. Greenawalt and John Latta; 1874, 
James L. Toner; 1875, Thompson McLean and 
H. B. Piper; 1877-78, W. J. K. Kline, William 
Donnelly and John Ilugus ; 1879-80, E. C. 
Leighty, J. S. Warden and A. M. Marker; 
1881-82, R. S. Robinson, James S. Marshall 
and II. C. Akerman ; 1883-84, Joseph Smith, 
J. A. Bennett and J. J. Bierer; 1885-86, T. 
J. AVilliams, Mingo M. Dick and Robert Dudley; 
1887-88, James S. Beacom and Edward Calla- 
ghan ; 1888-89, George P. Blackburn, A. H. 
Mcchesney and John G. Foight. Surprising as 
it may seem, Smull's Hand Book makes many 
glaring mistakes, and some of the above names 
and dates may be wrong. 

We do not give lists of judges, sheriffs, etc., 
as they are to be found in Dallas' History of 
Westmoreland county. At the present time 
Westmoreland county is in the Twenty-first 
Congressional District of Pennsylvania, and 
constitutes the Tenth Judicial and the Thirty- 
ninth Senatorial District. Tiie county has 
ninety-four polling precincts and cast 19,676 
votes in 1888. 

The Press, as an institution, when it falls into 
the hands of men competent to make it discharge 
its duty fully and properly, is a most important 
factor in the advancement of any county. The 
pioneer of the Westmoreland county press was 
the Fanner's Rei/istcr, which was established at 
Greensburg, in 1798, by a man by the name of 
McCorkle, and edited by John M. Snowden. 
It was democratic. The first federalist paper 
was the Greensburg Gazette, established in 


1818. From the first named paper the We8t- 
.moreland Democrat (sec sketch of B. F. Vogcl) 
traces its history, and from the otlier the Tribune 
and Herald traces the history of its press. 

The Penmylvania Argus was established in 
1831 (see sketch of James M. Laird). 

Frank Cowan's Paper ran from May 22, 
1872 to 1875. 

The Greensburg Press, a weekly Republican 
paper, and the Evening Press, a daily Indepen- 
dent paper, were established respectively May 
18, and June 16, 1881. This consolidation is 
under the editorial management of James B. 
Laux. The Greensburg Daily and Weekly 
Record was established in 1886, by Darwin Mu- 
sick and D. P. Stahl (see their sketches). In 
1888 the Greensburg ludependent was founded 
by L. F. Armbrust (see his sketch). 

The first paper at Mount Pleasant was the 
Democratic Courier, which was started in 1843, 
and the present paper at that place is the Journal. 

The Latrobe Inquirer was issued in 1861, 
■was succeeded by the Latrobe Advance, which 
was started August 6, 1873, and is now edited 
by G. B. Fink. Another paper is the Home 

The Irwin Spray was founded August 20, 
1875. Its successor was the Irwin Chronicle, 
which was issued in 1881. The present paper 
is the Irwin Standard. 

The first newspaper of West Ncwtoii was The 

Weekly Cycle, which was published in 1855. 

Tiic ne.\t paper was the West Newton J'ress. 

' Its present paper is the Youghioylieny Times. 

The newspapers of Scottdale are the Labor 

Tribune, established December 22, 1880 (see 

sketch of Hon. J. 11. Byrne), and the Inde- 

, ^ pendent, founded September 10, 1888, by W. 

L. Kelley. 

^ ,^ The Newsiiihn name of a sheet published 

at New Florence. The jjresent press of the 

,_; county comprise three dailies and fourteen 


Churches. — Among the oldest religious de- 

nominations in Western Pennsylvania is the 
Presbyterian. The oldest Presbyterian church 
organization in Westmoreland county is the Mt. 
Pleasant church, whicli was organized in 1775, 
and the first Presbyterian Sunday school was 
organized in 1817, at Greensburg. On April 1, 
1889, the Presbyterian church membership in 
the county was five thousand two hundred and 
ten, and four thousand scholars were enrolled in 
their Sunday schools. 

Reformed Church. — The first church was 
Ilarrold congregation, organized in Revolu- 
tionary days. In 1881 there were twenty-five 
congregations with a membership of three thou- 
sand and thirty-six. 

Evangelical Lutheran Church. — Their first 
organization was Zion's church at Harrolds, 
about 1772. In 1881 there- were twenty-six 
congregations and three thousand eight hundred 

United Presbyterian Church. — Their first 
church was organized between 1775 and 1793. 
In 1881 they had twenty-five congregations and 
over two thousand communicants. 

Methodist Episcopal Church. — The first 
Methodist preaching was at "Falls Settle- 
ment " in Rostraver township in 1785. Among 
the early ministers were : Revs. Isaac Conway, 
Valentine Cook and John Casper Wirsing, the 
latter a Iiighly educated and famous local 
preacher. In 1881 there were sixteen stations 
and circuits within the county. 

United Rrcthrun Church was established prior 
to 1800, and eighty-one years later numbered 
seventeen churches with a membership of one 
thousand two hundred and ninety-five. 

Mennonite Church has declined in numbers 
since its early introduction, and its membership 
is in East Huntingdon township. 

Baptist Church. — Salem Baptist church was 
the fourth church of that faith organized in 
Western Pennsylvania, and its first meeting 
house was built in 1792. In 1881 there were 
seven strong churches in the county. 


Cii/holic Church. — Catholicity was fouiuled at 
an ciirly diiy in \Vestern Ponnaylvania, and in 
1787 five Gcriiiaii Catholic families settled near 
Ori't'iisbury. In 1881 there were ten parishes 
in Westmoreland county witli a meuibcrship of 
llireo thousand eight hundred and two. 

J'rotfstant F/nncopal Church was founded at 
(in-oiislmrg in 1818, and at Latrobe in 18rj2. 

The dhurch of God, at Centre Bethel, 
Stoiierville, this county, was organized in 
November, 1831), by Elder John llickcrnell. 
• I>iscijile Church was organized at Greensburg 
in 1 ■''^'.l, and is under the jiastoral care of Rev. 
A. M. llarvuot. 

The A. M. E. Church was organized at 
Greensburg about 187ii. 

Hrhools — The old subscription schools of the 
county were as good as any of their class in the 
State, but to provide for a higher education 
than they afforded select schools and academics 
were founded at an early date. In these acade- 
mies many men of natural ability and fine 
scholarship taught languages and the higher 
brunches. Greensburg Academy was built 
in 1810, and Westmoreland College was 
founded in 1849, and in 1871 was incor- 
porated as The Western Pennsylvania Classical 
and Scientific Institute. AVhen the common 
school system was first introduced into the 
county it met with considerable opposition, but 
it soon became popular. The creation of the 
county superiutendency was bitterly denounced 
by uiany, but all now realize its importance. 
We give below the names of those who have 
been elected to that office in Westmoreland 

Coutdy Superintendents. 1S54-1S90. 

1851. Rev. Matthew McKinstry, West New- 

1855. James I. McCormick, North Hunting- 
don township. 

1857. J. R. McAfee, Latrobe. 

18G0. S. S. Jack, rieasaiit Unity. 

1863. S. S. Jack, Pleasant Unity. 

18G6. Joseph S. Walthour, Greensburg. 

1869. Henry M. Jones, Salem township. 

1872. Henry M. Jones, Salem township. 

1875. James SiUiman, East lluntingilon 

1878. Jacob R. Spiegel, Greensburg. 

1881. Jacob R. Spiegel, Greensburg. 

1884. George H. Hugus, Salem township. 

1887. George H. Hugus, Salem township. 

The first teachers' institute was the " West- 
moreland county Teachers' Association," which 
met on December 24, 1862, at New Alexandria. 
The " Westmoreland County Teachers' Insti- 
tute " has met annually since 1859. Of the 
number of common schools in the county since 
1854 we have the following : 

1866,280; 1869, 312.; 1871, 321; 1873, 
329; 1875, 342; 1881, 398, and in 1888, 
464 ; taught by 265 male and 205 female teach- 
ers. The schools of Westmoreland are in a 
fiourishing condition. Greensburg, Latrobe, 
Irwin, ^Vest Newton, Mount Pleasant, Scott- 
dale, and Ligonier have fine graded schools and 
excellent courses of study. 

From the subscription and common schools 
and academic institutions of Westmoreland 
county have gone forth many distinguished 
ministers, jurists, politicians, soldiers, and emi- 
nently successful business men. 

Banks. — There is but little account pre- 
served of the early financial history of the 
county. The earliest bank of which we find 
any trace is the "Bank of Westmoreland " at 
Greensburg. It occupied the site of the present 
Barclay Bank and did business as early as 
1816. The present banks of Greensburg are 
the Barclay Bank, founded in 1854 by Thomas 
Barclay ; the Greensburg Banking Company, 
which was organized in 1874 by Col. George F. 
Huff and several others ; the First National 
Bank, organized in 1881, and the Merchants' 
and Farmers' National Bank, which was also 
organized in 1881. The First National Bank 


of Mount Pleasant was founded in 18(34, and 
tlie Mount Pleasant ]5ank was organized in 
1878 by W. J. Ilitcliman and otiieis. The 
Farmers' and Miners' Deposit Bank of Irwin 
came into existence in 1877. The Citizens' 
Banking Company of Latrobe began business 
in 1873, and the Banking House of \V. S. 
Head & Son was organized at the same place 
in 1873. The Derry Deposit Bank was opened 
by Amos 0. Caven. The Banking House of 
M. M. Dick was established in 18U7, and the 
bank of Jeannette was founded in 1888. Banks 
are indispensable to business men and essential 
to the progress and prosperity of any town or 

county. The fourteen flourishing banks of 
Westmoreland county furnish auiple facilities 
for the transaction of the immense business of 
the county. 

C'enaiiS Statistics. — The total population of 
Westmoreland county at each United States 
census is as follows : 

1790, 16,018; 1800, 22,726; 1810, 26,- 
392 ; 1820, 30,540 ; 1830, 38,500 ; 1840, 
42,699 ; 1850, 51,726 ; 1860, 53,304 ; 1870, 
58,699 ; 1880, 78,036. 

The population is now estimated between 
125,000 and 150,000 people. 

Samuel T. Wiley. 


mXestmoreland County 


1 re 

O « .1 

I J of great natural ability, of superior legal 
(i) attainments, of earnest convictions, of 
rare independence, and who deservedly won and 
modestly wore the high honors of political life 
was the gentleman wliose name heads this sketch. 
Welty McCullough, with rare ability, well rep- 
resented the Twenty-first Congressional District 
fruiii 1M87 to 188!t, and u|i()n him was bestowed 
the couipliiiient of being the hundsoiiiesl man in 
the Fiftieth Congress. 

Welty McCullough was the eldest son of 
John and Kliza (Welty) McCullough, and was 
born ut Greensburg, Westmoreland county, Pa., 
October 10, 1847. 

The McCulloughs and Weltys were two of 
the oldest, wealthiest and most highly respected 
families of Greensburg. The McCullough fam- 
ily was planted in Eastern Pennsylvania prior 
to the war of the Revolution by John McCul- 
lough, who was of Scotch-Irish descent and 
emigrated from tlie north of Ireland. He had 
tliree sons: William, James and John. Tiie 
eldest son, William McCullough (grandfather), 

was born February, 1774, and died November, 
1824. He was a resident of Cumberland county, 
this State, where he married Sarah McBride, 
who was born October y, 1782, and died April 
4, 1834. They reared a family of nine children. 
His second child was John McCullough (father), 
who was born October 12, 1803, near Neville, 
that county, and died at Greensburg, February 
18, 1884. Ho removed in early life to Pitts- 
burg, where he remained but u short lime. Ho 
then came to Greensburg, and, on May 13, 1845, 
married Eliza Welty, who died December 18, 
1S82. They had si.x children, of whom three 
arc living. Eliza (Welty) McCullough was the 
eldest daughter of Jacob Welty, a prosperous 
merchant, who was born September lUth, 1791, 
and whose wife was Jane Brady, a daughter of 
James Brady, first sheriff of AVestmoreland 
county, and one of the old and honored pioneer 
settlers of Western Pennsylvania. 

Welty McCullough received his elementary 
education in the public schools of Greensburg, 
was prepared fur college at Elder's ridge and 
Cannonsburg acadamies, entered Washington 



and Jeft'orson college, wliere lie reiuaiiieil from 
18GG to ISGL), an<l then went to Prineetoii col- 
lege, from which fur-faiiieil luiil time-lionoreil 
iiiMtitiilioii lie was gnuliiateil in .June, 1870. 
At college he was a diligent student, made 
rapid progress in his studies and won the esteem 
of his professors and fellow-students by his man- 
liness, generosity and kindness of disposition. 

lie read law with Judge James A. Logan and 
W. II. II. Markle, of Greensburg, was admitted 
to the Westmoreland county bar in May, 187-, 
and shortly afterwards to the bar of Allegheny 
county, Pa. After admission he rapidly built 
up an extensive practice, and the thorough 
knowledge of law which he possessed, and the 
consummate skill which he displayed in con- 
ducting important cases soon placed liim in the 
front rank of the distinguished lawyers of 
Western Pennsylvania. He was in partnership 
with W. 11. II. Markle at Greensburg from 
1872 to 1883, and in 1889 he admitted John B. 
Steel into partnership with him, which lasted 
until his death. He had a large practice in 
Pittsburg, acted as solicitor for the Baltimore 
and Ohio railroad company, held a directorship 
in several other railroads, and was retained 
counsel for nearly all of the large coal, coke, 
and manufacturing companies of Westmoreland 

His political career was short but liigldy 
honorable. In 188(i lie was elected to Congress 
from the 'I' district, then composeii of 
tiie counties of NVe.stmoreland, Fayette and 
Green. He had the honor of being the only 
republican who ever carried that strongly dem- 
ocratic district, and served in the Fiftieth Con- 
gress with satisfaction to his constituents of 
all parties, and with honor and credit to him- 
self At the expiration of his term in Congress 
he returned to Greensburg and resumed his law 

On the 13th of June, 1872, he united in 
marriage with Ada B. Markle, of Greensburg. 
They were the parents of two children : Harry 

Markle, now preparing for college at Media, Pa., 
and Eliza, wiio is three years of age. Mrs. 
McCullough is a daughter of W. II. H. Markle, 
who was born near Millgrove, this county, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1823, an<l died from paralysis at the 
Girard Hotel, Philadelphia, December 18, 1883. 
He came of distinguished ancestry, of a sturdy 
stock that has made its mark in the county and 
State. (See sketch of the Markles.) He was. a 
son of Jacob and Catharine (Painter) Markle, 
and was married to Elizabeth Covode Goodwin, 
and when he died left one child, Ada B. (Mar- 
kle) McCullough. He read law with Senator 
Cowan, was admitted to the bar in 1847, and 
was successively a law partner of Judge Clark, 
Judge Logan and Hon. AVelty McCullough. 
He served as district attorney and collector of 
internal revenue, and was a man of integrity, 
geniality and kindness. 

Welty McCullough had won his way into 
public confidence by his honorable and useful 
labors in Congress, but in the very prime of life, 
with the certainty of a distinguished political 
career before him, he was stricken down by the 
hand of death. On the morning of the thirty- 
first day of August, 1889, in his forty-third 
year, between midnight and day-dawn, standing 
on the margin of the river, lie wrapped his man- 
tle about him and 

' Willi till.- silent boatman 
Cnissod til ihootlioi ■^lllll•l.■." 

His remains were entombed in the St. Clair 
cemetery, and from the elociuent and impressive 
funeral discourse pronounced on that sad 
occasion by the Rev. Morehead we extract: 
" Welty McCullough was endowed by his Crea- 
tor with a strong physique, a handsome face, and 
talents of a high order. Few indeed have been 
more highly favored. He would not feign a 
friendship he did not feel, nor climb to place and 
power on the shoulders of people whom he de- 
spised. He was honest in his expression of opin- 
ion and had been more popular had he been less 
sincere. The circle of his friends was not very 

i .1 

. \ 


wiile, but those who were in it were most 
devoteil. A sun has set at noon-day. One 
whose infancy and youtli wore crowned with as 
strung and tender a niotiier-iovo as ever fell 
upon a human heart — whose manhood was 
blessed with the love it sought and all that do- 
mestic happiness which grew out of it, and one 
whom the world was pleased to honor now lies 
all unconscious. Into this Gethsemane, where 
whitened lips drink grief's bitter cup, may the 
love of Christ come to help them say ' Thy will 
be done.' " 

The bar of Allegheny county passed highly 
eulogistic resolutions of the worth and merit 
of Welty McCuUough, and the Westmoreland 
county bar recorded its tribute to his memory 
in warm and glowing terms of admiration and 
respect. The press of this county spoke in 
appropriate terms of his honorable and success- 
ful career. The great Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania has never been lacking in eloquent 
orators to speak at the bar, in the pulpit and 
through the press, of the virtues and services 
of her prominent and distinguished sons, and 
this duty was willingly rendered and well per- 
formed for Welty WcCullough, who in high 
official place worthily maintained the ancient 
renown and the lofty faith of Pennsylvania. 

■fS ON. HENRY S. ACKERMAN, ex-mem- 
|S^ ber of the Pennsylvania House of Repre- 
resentatives, a leading music dealer of 
Greensburg and a popular citizen of this county, 
was born in Unity township, Westmoreland 
county, Pa., April 9, 1845, and is a son of 
Henry and Catherine (Smith) Ackerman. His 
paternal grandfather, Philip Ackerman, came 
from Germany to Westmoreland county, where 
he married Christina Reed and settled in Unity 
township, on the farm now owned by his grand- 
son, Philip Ackerman. His father, Henry 
Ackerman, was born on his fatlicr's iiirm, Feb- 
ruary 2, 18U1. His occupation wa.s farming. 

in which he met with good success. He was a 
life-long democrat, cast his first presidential 
ballot for General Jackson, never desired office, 
but scrveil onco as school director. He was a 
constant member of and fre(juently served as a 
local oiiicer in the Lutheran church at Youngs- 
town. He OAvned a good farm, enjoyed the 
respect of his neighbors, and lived to the ad- 
vanced age of eigiity-four years. His death 
occurred April 5, 1885. In 1828 he married 
Catherine, a daughter of Joseph Smith, of 
Derry township. They were blessed with nine 
children, all of whom are living in Westmore- 
land county, except one daughter, who resides in 

Henry S. Ackerman attended the common 
schools of Unity township. He left the farm 
and agricultural pursuits and learned the trade 
of carpenter, which he followed for nine years. 
In LsT'J he opened a music store opposite the 
Zimmerman House, at Greensburg, this county, 
and has built up a large trade in Westmoreland, 
Fayette and Indiana counties. He has four 
men constantly in the field canvassing for his 
excellent pianos, fine organs and other first-class 
musical instruments. Mr. Ackerman also hand- 
les the White sewing machine. 

He was married on January 15, 1880, to 
Mollie C. Weaver, who is a daughter of William 
Weaver, of Mt. Pleasant township, this county. 
They have no children. 

Henry S. Ackerman has always been an active 
democrat, and is recognized as an energetic and 
efficient worker for his party and its success. 
In 1880 ho was nominated by the democrats of 
Westmoreland county as a candidate for the 
Legislature and was elected. His course of ac- 
tion while serving in the Legislature was straight- 
forward and highly honorable. He neither 
neglected the interests of his constituents nor 
was unmindful of the needs of the State. He 
introduced some measures of a political character 
which was promptly voted down by the repub- 
lican majority. Mr. Ackerman is a member of 



tlio Lutlieriui cliuich. lie is genial, accom- 
inoUating ami popular. His remarkable energy 
is a large and prominent factor of his signal 
success in business. 

^ E. ALLSIIOUSE, an attorney-at-law, is 
fe)]* a great-grandson of Henry Allshouse, who 
was a native of the province of Alsace- 
Loraine, a much disputed territory lying be- 
tween France and Germany, and by right of 
con(juest and treaty at various times it was an- 
nexed to both, but at that era was under the 
dominion of France, although the language and 
customs were those of the Germans. He came 
to America and settled in New Jersey prior to 
the Revolutionary war, in which heroic struggle 
for liberty and independence he served as a 
soldier throughout almost the entire contest ; 
having been carried to England a prisoner, he 
effected his escape and returned to witness the 
success of the Colonists, and to see their efforts 
crowned with victory and independence in the 
cause of right. He then came to Pennsylvania, 
settled in this county, and purchased a large tract 
of landjustnorth of the presenttown of Jeannette. 
Here he resided and became prominent in the 
county and a conspicuous figure in politics, being 
elected to the State Legislature, term after term, 
for upwards of twenty years. He was twice 
married, his first ivife's name being Truxel, 
from whom sprang several children, one of 
whom was Isaac Allsliouso (gnuidl'alhcr). After 
a life well speut he died at the ago of eighty- 
eight years. Isaac Allshouse followed the vo- 
cations of tailoring and teaching school. His 
wife was Margaret Miniam, a lady of French ex- 
traction, beautiful and refined, and much es- 
teemed in her neighborhood. To this union 
were born four sons and five daughters. Isaac 
Allshouse died at tho age of sixty-eight years, 
but his wife lived to the ripe old age of ninety 
years. Henry Allshouse (father) was born in 
Ilempfield township, October 29, 1816. Ar- 

riving at his majority, he pursued the occupation 
of a farmer till 187'J, when ho engaged in the 
mercantile business at Ludwick. In religion 
he was a Lutheran and a member of the First 
Evangelical Lutheran church of Greensburg, 
and in politics an ardent adherent to the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party. His wife was 
Elizabeth Kunkle, daughter of John Kunkle, a 
highly respected farmer of Ilempfield township 
and one of the earliest settlers in the county. 
Her mother was Sarah Williams, whose parent^ 
Avere likewise pioneers of the county. To this 
union were born twelve children ; Lovina, wife of 
J. J. Croushore ; William, who for many years 
was an oil operator is now engaged in the mer- 
cantile business ; Sarah, wife of George W. 
Croushore, a successful tanner of Grapeville 
station ; John, husband of Elizabeth McCutch- 
eon, of Franklin, Pa., and engaged in the oil 
business; Mary, wife of D. S. Keefer ; Eliza- 
beth, wife of George Ilantz ; Catharine, wife of 
John D. Stall! ; Charles E., student-at-law ; 
Elmer E., attorney, and Harriet S., wife of 
Joseph H. Weaver. 

E. E. Allshouse was educated in the common 
schools and Greensburg seminary, taught school 
for two years, after which he began the study of 
law in the office of McAfee, Atkinson and 
Peoples, was admitted to the bar December, 
1887, and since then lias been engaged in the 
practice of his profession. 

fAMUEL ALLWINE was born on his 
father's farm in Salem township, West- 
moreland county. Pa., February 27, 
1820, and is a son of Jacob and Catharine 
(Smith) Allwine. His paternal grandfather was 
born near Lebanon, Pa., where he followed the 
occupation of farming all his life. Jacob All- 
wine (father) was born in Lebanon county. Pa., 
in 1771, and came to Westmoreland county in 
early days, when Ihinuastown was yet tho 
county-seat. He followed agricultural pursuits 


and distilled some in winter. lie believed in the 
principles of the Democratic party and was a 
faithful and devoted member of the Catholic 
church. Ho married Catharine Smith, by whom 
ho had seven children. After her death he 
married a Miss Stevenson in 1835, but to this 
union no children were born. Jacob Allwine 
departed this life at the age of ciglity-three 
years in 1854. 

Samuel Allwine, after leaving the subscrip- 
tion schools of his youthful days, learned the 
blacksmith trade in Greensburg, at which he 
worked for thirty-five years, at the same time 
carrying on wagon making. He then engaged 
in the the livery business, and contracted on the 
S. W. 1'. R. 11., for some four years. He pur- 
chased the hotel now known as the Zimmerman 
House, which he enlarged and improved, until 
it is now one of the best hotels in the county. 
Owing to industry and business ability Mr. 
Allwine has succeeded in amassing considerable 
wealth. He is a stanch democrat, and has 
served twelve years as burgess of the borough 
of Greensburg. He is a devout and useful 
member of the Catholic church and is one of 
the substantial citizens of the county. 

Samuel Allwine was married June 22, 1813, 
to Elizabeth, a daughter of Samuel Allshouse, 
and they have had si.x children, of whom three 
are living : Samuel, a baker of Greensburg ; 
Henry, living at home ; and Cordelia, who mar- 
ried B. B. Zimmerman, for many years pro- 
prietor of the Zimmerman House. 

r5)EWIS F. ARMBRUST, who served as 
y' I an officer in the late civil war and who 
has been connected with the newspaper 
business for over twelve years, is now the pro- 
prietor and successful editor of the Independent., 
one of Greensburg's live and widely-read papers. 
He is the son of William and Margaret (Gonga- 
ware) Armbrust, and was born at Adamsburg, 
Westmoreland county, Pa., November 28, 1843. 

His paternal grandjiarents were John and Cath- 
arine (Shelter) Armbrust, who emigrated from 
Germany. His father, William Armbrust, was 
born in Greensburg, and is now in the milling 
business at AVeaver's Old Stand. (For further 
ancestry, see sketch of J. W. Armbrust, of 
Hempfield township.) 

Lewis F. Armbrust received a fair common 
school education, and at nineteen years of 
age entered the Union army. He enlisted in 
Co. I, lG8th Reg. Pa. Vols.,' on the 16th of 
October, 1862, and served until his regiment 
was discharged at Harrisburg, Pa., on July 25, 

1863. Returning home he assisted his father 
on the farm and in the flouring mill for about a 
year, when the roar of cannon came louder and 
nearer, and the government was calling for more 
volunteers, which so strongly appealed to his 
patriotism that ho again enlisted, August 31, 

1864, as a corporal in Co. E, 206th Reg., Pa. 
Vols., and served until the close of the war. 
His regiment helped to dig Dutch Gap canal, 
on the James river, which was continually shelled 
by the rebel batteries from tlie hill above. He 
also helped to build Fort Brady, which was fre- 
quently shelled by rebel forts in close pro.ximity, 
and did picket duty in front of Richmond the 
last winter of the war, and it is claimed his 
regiment was the first to enter that city after 
its surrender. After the close of the war he 
was discharged with his regiment at Richmond, 
Va., June 26, 1865. He then returned home 
and assisted his father two years on the farm 
and in the mill, when he opened a store at 
Weaver's Old Stand, which he ran for two years 
and sold to his brother. He then went to Penn 
station and purchased a store, which he con- 
ducted for a year. Here he became acquainted 
with Miss Nannie Speer, daughter of James B. 
Speer, who then resided there. They were 
united in marriage October 14, 1869. Of their 
marriage have been born : Harrison B., engaged 
in printing ; Lilian Frances and Mary Edith, 
who are attending school. Shortly after mar- 


riiige lie purcliasod two lots at Turtle Creek, 
Ph., a thriving mining town, where he built ii 
dwelling and store-room, to which he removed 
in the spring of 1871. lie sold his store and 
j)ro])erty five years later, ami on December 2'2, 
1877, lie printed the first copy of the Jr'evph's 
Independent, a six-column four-page weekly ; 
this he conducted a little over six months; about 
this time the Greenback party was organized 
and he was appealed to remove his paper to 
Westmoreland county, and at a county conven- 
tion of the Greenback party it was made the 
official organ for Westmoreland county, and on 
May 15, 1878, he removed his office and family 
to Greensburg. The paper was shortly changed 
in name to The National Issue, which he con- 
ducte<i and edited about a year and a halt, when 
be sold out to Col. John T. Fulton and the Rev. 
Uriel Graves ; they managed the paper a short 
time, when they sold to Brunot & Laux, the 
present owners of the Press. 

In 1881 Mr. Armbrust removed to McKees- 
port, where he engaged in the mercantile business 
and contracted in house building. In 1882 he 
established the McKeesport Tribune and Herald, 
which he published until Jaimary, 1890, when 
he consolidated it with the Greensburg Inde- 
pendent, which he had founded August (J, 1887. 
It is an eight-page five-column jiajier, and lias 
for its motto "Devoted to the interest of labor 
and the advancement of thought." It contains 
local. State and national news, and gives much 
space to the various reform movements. It is 
regardetl as a champion of labor and political 
reform. In 1888 he erected the Independent 
building at Nos. 77, 79 and 81 West Otterman 
street, Greensburg, Pa.; it is a very large and 
neat structure, which is well adapted for a news- 
paper office and dwelling. In July, 1888, he 
removed his family and printing office from 
McKeesport to this building, not yet completed. 
In 1880 Lewis F. Armbrust was an elector on 
the presidential ticket of J. B. ^Veaver. In 
1884, while residing at McKeesport, ho was a 

candidate for the Legi.slature in the Fifth Dis- 
trict of Allegiutny county, being nominated by 
the Prohibitionists, Labor i)arty, and endorsed 
by the Democratic party, and jioUed more votes 
than all three parties combined in the district 
for other candidates, but the district being Be- 
publican by a large majority, was of course not 
elected. In 188t) his friends in the Labor party 
again nominated him for the Legislature, but was 
not elected and did not expect to be. In 1888 
he was a presidential elector on the Union 
Labor party ticket for Hon. A. J. Streetor. 

Lewis F. Armbrust, upon his removal to 
Greensburg, was made County Chairman of the 
Union Labor party, which position he is still 
holding ; lie is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church ; Gen. John A. Logan Command 
No. 2, Union Veteran's Union ; Gen. Geary 
Council, No. 342, 0. U. A. M. ; Daughters of 
Liberty ; and Master Workman of Good Will 
Asseuibly, No. 0905, Knights of Labor. He 
detests hypocrisy, whether found in the church, 
in political or social life, and does not admire 
pride anywhere. He does his own thinking 
and acts from his convictions regardless of what 
may seem ])ublic opinion. 

As an editor Mr. Armbrust has won an hon- 
orable reputation. He made labor interests and 
local news the chief features of the Independent, 
and its success and permanent establishment 
followed as fruits of his enterprise and sagacity. 
The Independent is a power to-day in the labor 
and grange organizations of the county. Mr. 
Armbrust's success in life is due to his per- 
severance, energy and enterprise. 

/TX ANIEL A. ABTER, one of the old, suc- 
iPj cessful and favorably known physicians 
of Greensburg, was born in Salem town- 
ship, Columbiana county, Ohio, October 26, 
1828, and is a son of Col. Simon and Elizabeth 
(Burger) Arter. I lis paternal grandfather, Abra- 
ham Arter, was a native of Maryland and of 


Englisli descent. He was a quiet citizen, a 
consistent clnucli member, an industrious man, 
and in 1802 removed to Columbiana county, 
Ohio. His wife was Magdalena llalin. One 
of his sons, Col. Simon Arter, was born nijar 
Strusburj;, Maryland, and was reared and trained 
to the lite of a farmer. In 1802 he removed to 
Ohio, engaged in farming and became quite 
wealthy. lie was an active member in the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran church ; was elected colonel in 
a militia organization ; a whig, and afterwards 
a republican, in politics, and was noted for being 
upright and liberal to the poor and distressed. 
After a long, useful and active life Col. Simon 
Arter passed away on February 27, 1SS3. In 
1824 lie waa married to Elizabeth Burger, 
daughter of Daniel Burger, of Bedford county. 
Pa. They had seven sons and four daughters. 
Mrs. Arter was born in 1800. Iler grand- 
father, Nicholas Burger, came from Switzerland 
to Bedford county, and in 1806 removed to what 
is now Columbiana county, Ohio. 

Dr. Daniel Arter, after attending the public 
schools entered New Lisbon academy, from 
which he was graduated in 1847. One year 
later he began reading medicine under the in- 
struction of Dr. D. Springer, of New Lisbon, 
Ohio. After satisfactorily completing the pre- 
paratory course of medical study with his pre- 
ceptor he entered the Cincinnati Electic Med- 
ical college, where, with commendable zeal, he 
soon won an honorable position in the profession 
of his choice. Dr. Arter began practice at 
Blairsville, Indiana county, I'a., but after five 
months' residence there he removed to Lock- 
port, which was in the spring of 1851. August 
2, 1851, he came to Westmoreland county and 
opened his present office at Greensburg, where 
he has been in continuous active and successful 
practice ever since. 

In 1851 he was married to Mary Jane, 
daughter of Samuel McCune, of Blairsville, 
Pa. She died in 1850 and left him three chil- 
dren, names and births as follows : Charlotte 

B., March 3, 1852, married to Charles R. Mil- 
ler, of Greensburg ; Mary K., October 15, 1854, 
wile of B. W. Stanley, a mechanic of Salem, 
Ohio, and S. Marcus, Novemlier 17, 1850, mar- 
rieil to Sarah I'l. Loughrey, and is a clerk in 
the county register's office. Dr. Arter, on Oc- 
tober 15, 1857, was married to Caroline A., 
daughter of Jacob M. Miller. His second mar- 
riage was blessed with two children: Elsie B., 
born October 22, 1858, and Anna S., born July 
11, 1803, married II. S. Serabower, of Union- 
town, Pa., and died June 18, 1888. 

Dr. Daniel A. Arter is a self-made man in 
the true meaning of the term. Beginning life 
without anything e.\cept his energy and deter- 
mination to win, he has accjuired considerable 
money and real estate. He is a member of the 
K. of H., Royal Arcanum, United Workmen and 
Philanthropy Lodge, No. 225. In politics he is 
a rejtublican, and was prominently identified with 
the Republican party when it was in a minority of 
2100 in the county. In religious matters he is 
an unassuming but faithful member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. Ilis life has been 
mainly devoted to the study and practice of 
medicine ; he is well read, is skilled in the med- 
ical sciences and is a useful and an honorable 

(^ DWARD II. BAIR, one of the progres- 
^[ sive young men of Greensburg, who gives 
promise of a very successful business ca- 
reer in the future, was born at the village 
of Congruity, Salem township, ^Vestindrehind 
county. Pa., March 0, 1859, and is a son of II. 
11. and Elizabeth (Keener)^ Bair. Henry II. 
Bair was born in Manor school district, Penn 
township, February 2, 1825. He was a car- 
penter and a machinist, lie, with his brothers 
Isaac and Jacob, were the inventors and manu- 
facturers of a tumbling shaft threshing machine. 
It was an invention out of which they made 
some money as well as fame. He was an 
ardent democrat, but never aspired to office, 

19WI' 1W ,fir 


and never would serve in any office except that 
of school director, to which he was freijuently 
elected. He was one of the founders of the 
New Saleiii Reformed church, in which he 
Hcrveil as a deacon till his death. He was a 
prominent Odd Fellow and a strong advocate of 
the free-school system, and died January 14, 
1873, from the effects of a fall received in re- 
turning from a school visitation. In 1845 he 
married Elizabeth Keener, who is still living. 
They had five children: Emma, who married 
W. II. Keck and died in 1875, leaving one 
child, Helen; Anna M., wife of W. W. Marts; 
Lizzie J., who married W. F. Jackson ; E. II. 
and Jacob, who died at 14 years of age. 

E. H. Bair was educated in the common 
schools and Delmont academy. He taught four 
terms of school in his native township, was prin- 
cipal of New Safem schools in 1881, and served 
in 1882 and 1883 as principal of Scottdale 
schools. He resigned at Scottdale with the 
view of reading law, but was soon urged to take 
and accepted the principalship of Ludwick pub- 
lic schools, which he held for two years. Dur- 
ing the summers of 1882 and 1883 he and I. 
E. Lauffer (present district attorney) conductep 
the Delmont Normal and Classical institute. 
In 1884 he was principal of the Scottdale Nor- 
mal school, and in 1885 was associated with J. 
K. Speigcl and I. E. Lauffer in teaching the 
tirccnsburg Normal school. In 188() he (juit 
teiiching to embark in the real estate bu.siness 
lit (ireon.sburg, and becaino u partner of the 
present well known real estate and ins\irance 
firm of Gay i: IJair. (For full description of 
this firm see sketch, of F. L. Gay). They 
transact a large amount of business and have 
branch oflices at Jeannette and Penn station. 

On October 14, 1885, he was married to 
Esther Suydam, daughter of the late Joseph L. 
Suydam, of Coatesville, Pa., who was superin- 
tendent of the AVilmington and Delaware Kail- 
road at the time of his death. Their union 
lias been Idessed with two children : Paul Suy- 

dam, born May 20, 1887, and Kenneth IK, 
born June 25, 1889. 

In politics Mr. Bair is a democrat. Ho is a 
member of the Second Reformed churclL and 
Secretary of the Greensbuig Homestead Loan 
and Trust Company. He is active, enterprising, 
affable and popular, and is a fine business man. 

>OrDDIS0N R. BARNHART, of Greens- 
II burg, was born in the historic village of 
Hannastown, Westmoreland county. Pa., 
January 26, 1805, and is a son of William II. 
and Mary (Rumbaugh) Barnhart. The Barn- 
harts are of German origin. David Barnhart 
(grandfather) came to Westmoreland county, 
where he followed the occupation of farming. 
He married Elizabeth Hugus. One of his chil- 
dren was William II. Barnhart, who was born 
near Mt. Pleasant, this county. He was a 
farmer, and for some years engaged in the patent- 
right business. Being very successful he ac- 
quired much valuable property, and for a number 
of years previous to his death he lived in Greens- 
burg, retired from the active duties of life. 
Politically he was a republican, but was fair- 
minded and by no means a biased partisan ; he 
was a useful member of the Reformed church, 
in which he served many years as a deacon. 
William II. Barnhart was an excellent business 
man, social, intelligent, of good judgement, ami 
stood high in the estimation of all his friends 
and acquaintances. He died March 21, 1887. 
Mr. Barnhart was married to Mary Rumbaugh, 
a daughter of James Rumbaugh, of Mt. Pleasant 
township, who bore him one child, a son named 
Addison R. Barnhart. 

Addison 11. Barnhart was educated in the public 
schools of his native township and the excellent 
schools of Greensburg. He is yet quite a young 
man, and proposes to soon open a wallpa])er and 
tile mantel establishment, in Avhich it is safe to 
predict for iiim most excellent success, as he is a 
popular and energetic gentleman. In jiolitics ho 


ia a republican, and is active and useful in the 
party to wlioso principles lie adiicrcs. Mr. 
]krnhart is a. pleasant companion, genial and 
frank ; he is a member of the Second Reformed 
church of Grcensburg; of Greensburg Council, 
No. 82, Jr. 0. U. A. M. ; and of Greensburg 
Commandery, No. 2, U. A. ^I. 

eYRUS T. BARNIIART, one of Greens- 
burg's leading furniture dealers, was born 
November 11, 1849, in llempfield town- 
ship, Westmoreland county, I'a., and is a son of 
William and I'^lixabeth (Hugh) llarnhart. His 
grandfather, Joiiii Barnhart, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, and lived for many years in 
llempfield township, about four miles from 
Grcensburg. His lirst wife was a Miss lirinkcr, 
and after her death he niarrieil a widow by tlie 
name of Swartz. One of his children was 
William l^aridiart (father), who was born in 
1819, and is now living near Mt. Pleasant. 
All his life he has followed farming, in which 
he has met with excellent success ; he believes 
in the principles of the Republican party, is a 
member of the Reformed church, in which he 
has held all the various offices. lie married 
Elizabeth, a daughter of Jacob Rugh, of near 
Grcensburg, who is still living, and they have 
had fifteen children, of whom ten are living. 

Cyrus T. Barnhart, one of the living children, 
received a common school education at what is 
known as Barnhart's school in llempfield town- 
ship. The first eighteen years of his life were 
spent on the farm ; he then learned the cabinet- 
making and carpentering For eighteen months 
he was with Henry Rugh, of Grcensburg, who 
was accidentally killed, and after that Mr. Barn- 
hart followed the trade of carpentering until 
1878, when he opened a furniture store on East 
Pittsburg street, Grcensburg, where he remained 
three years. He then removed to his present 
location on Pennsylvania avenue. In 1881 he 
erected a fine building, and during the past year 

(1889) he remodeled it, making an elegant three- 
story structure, ilia stock of furniture is largo 
and complete in every respect, and his trade a 
most desirable one. He is a republican and with 
his wife is identified with the First Reformed 
church of Grcensburg. 

C. T. Barnhart was married December 11, 
1879, to Emily, a daughter of Philip Walthour 
(deceased), a resident of Grcensburg and a 
printer by occupation. Mr. Barnhart belongs 
to Centennial Lodge, No. 100, A. 0. U. W., 
and is a first-class citizen, upright, industrious, 
enterprising and progressive. 

■pVON. JAMES S. BEACOM, ex-member of 
1^1 the House of Representatives of Pcnn- 
V») sylvania, and a ])rominent mend)er of the 
Westmorelan<l county bar, is a son of Rev. H. 
C. and Mary A. (Spear) Bcacom, and was born 
at the village of Merwin, Washington township, 
Westmoreland county. Pa., December 9, 1853. 
James S. Beacom's paternal great-grandfather 
was a Westmoreland county farmer whose birth- 
place was in Ireland. His jKiternal grandfather, 
James Bcacom, died earl}"^ in life. His maternal 
grandfather, James Spear, was a resident of 
Pittsburg. His father, Rev. H. C. Bcacom, D. 
D., was born May 29, 1830, in the northern 
part of Westmoreland county. In youth he 
manifested those distinguishing traits of character 
that have so honored him in manhood. From a 
professional school teacher he passed to the 
ministry and was licensed to preach by the 
Methodist Episcopal church in 1860. In 1865 
he became a regular member of the Pittsburg 
M. E. conference, and is now the able and popu- 
lar pastor of the Main Street Methodist Episco- 
pal church. West End, Pittsburg. He was 
chiefly instrumental in erecting one oi Jie finest 
church edifices in that city. On December 2, 
1850, he was married to Mary A. Spear, 
daughter of James and Margaret Spear, of Pitts- 
burg. Rev. and Mrs. Beacom were the parents 


of six cliililruii, lliree sons iuiJ throe duugliters : 
Athiline, ilicd in int'ancy ; Hon. James S. ; 
Angeline, intermarried Avitli T. F. Hamilton, 
ussislaiit siiperintcniU'tit of tlie Oaiiticr works, 
al JolmstowM, I'u. ; lUiny (!. .Ir., a fanuir of 
Johnson county, Iowa; John Wesley, nianied 
to Isabella Fisli, of AUej^heny city, and resides 
at New Brighton, and Eva J. 

James S. IJeacom received his elementary in- 
struction in the common schools of Pennsylvania, 
completed his academic studies at Elderton, this 
State, in 1870, and after six years spent out of 
school he entered Washington and Jeft'erson 
college in 1870, and was graduated with high 
standing in the class of 1880. In 1881 and 
1882 he was principal of Blaii-sville academy, 
and at the same time was editor of the '^Blairs- 
viUe Enterprise." In 1881 he registered as a 
student-at-law, read with W. H. Klingingsmith, 
of Greensburg, and was admitted to the West- 
moreland county bar January 1-t, 18Sl. In 
188G he was elected to the Legislature of Penn- 
sylvania as a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, being the only candidate on the 
republican ticket that was successful that year 
in ^Vestmoreland county. He served creditably 
during the sessions of 188G-7 and 1887-8, and 
was a member of the Committees on Judiciary 
General, Constitutional Reform, Centennial Af- 
fairs, Iron and Coal and Mines and Mining. 
In 1887 and 1888 he served as chairman of the 
republican county committee, and conducted the 
campaigns of those respective years very suc- 
cessfully, the republican ticket being successful 
both years. In 188U he was nominated by the 
republicans for District iVttorney of Westmore- 
land county but was not elected, the county 
being democratic that year by a majority of 770 
votes on the State ticket. Since 1884 Mr. 
Beacom has been engaged in the successful 
practice of law at Gr'eensburg. 

July 17, 1888, he was married to Mary II. 
Zimraers, daughter of Jacob Zimmers, a well- 
known citi/en of Blairsville, Indiana county, 

Pa. 'I'iiey have one child, Robert Zimmers Bea- 
com, born Sei)tember 10, 188'J. Mrs. Beacom 
was educated at Blairsville seminary, and was 
graduated from that i'avorably known institution 
of learning in the class of IM78. 

James S. Beacom is an active and earnest re- 
publican leader in Westmoreland county. He 
is a fine scholar, an influential citizen, a good 
lawyer, and enjoys a fair and constantly in- 
creasing practice at the Greensburg bar. 

•^LBERT II. BELL, a member of the 
II Westmoreland county bar, was born 
November 20, 1857, in Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa, and is the son of John R. and Margaret 
(Singer) Bell. David Bell, his grandfather, was 
a native of Westmoreland county, where he 
followed school teaching most of his life ; he 
was a brother of Judge James Bell, one of the 
early associate judges of this county. In poli- 
tics he was a firm democrat and did much for 
the success of the measures of his party. He 
married Mary Robinson, a native of this county, 
and a daughter of John Robinson, one of the 
pioneer settlers of " old Westmoreland," and a 
soldier in the Revolution, whose wife was Isa- 
bella Guffey, a sister of John Guffey, the ances- 
tor to the numerous Guffey family. John R. 
Bell (father) was born December 17th, 1824, 
in this county, and he, too, was a pedagogue for 
a number of years ; he was also for years a 
justice of the peace in Donegal township. In 
187'J he was elected clerk of the courts of West- 
moreland county by the Democratic [larty, which 
position he filled with credit for three years. 
Since 1883 he has been living a retired life, 
but always takes an earnest, active part in be- 
half of the njjynbers and principles of the Demo- 
cratic party. Mr. Bell first married Jlargaret 
Singer, a sister of R. ^V. Singer, whose family 
history appears in this volume. They had three 
children : Mrs. Emma Lcnhart, of Greensburg ; 
Albert II., and Jlrs. May M. Cairns, now 


dend. After tlie ilcatli of liis first wifo he 
imuricd Margaret Kal]), by wlioni lie had three 
children, one of whom, James E. Bell, is living 
and engaged us teller with (ireeusliurg IJaiikiiig 

Albert II. Bell attended the public and select 
schools of Westmoreland county and in 1877 
entered Mount Union College, and pursued his 
studies two years in that well-known institution. 
Following in the footsteps of father and grand- 
father, he entered the pedagogical ranks, taught 
seven years in this county, and conducted a 
normal class one year at Mount Pleasant. 
From 1880 to 1883 he was deputy clerk of 
courts under his father, and in 1870 served six 
months as clerk in the Prothonotary's office. In 
1880 he registered as a law student with James 
S. Moorehead, and was admitted to the bar in 
September, 1884, since which time he has been 
actively engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion. Mr. Bell is an active and useful member 
of the U. P. Church, of Greensburg, in which he 
is an elder. He is a diligent, modest and pleasant 
gentleman, careful in business, affable in man- 
ner, intelligent and efficient in his profession, 
and is a worthy descendant of an excellent 

Albert II. Bell was married March 19, 1885, 
to Mary C, a daughter of Judge James C. 
Clarke, of Greensburg, by whom he has two 
children — a son and a daughter : James Clarke, 
and Mary M. 

•fAMES BENNETT, one of the most suc- 
"f ' cessful railroad contractors of Pennsyl- 
(®/ vania, and senior member of the firm of 
Bennett k Talbott, general contractors, at 
Greensburg, was born near Cadiz junction, 
Jefferson county, Ohio, August 21, 1852, and 
is a son of John and "Mary (Nolan) Bennett 
Ilis paternal granfather was a physician in the 
vrest of Ireland. His maternal grandfather, 
John Nolan, was a farmer who resided in county 

Limerick, Ireland. His father, John Bennett, 
was born at the town of Escatin, 12 miles <lis- 
tant from the city of Limerick. In 1846 he 
emigrated from Ireland to (^lebec, but immedi- 
ately left there and came to Vermont. His 
stay in that State was short, as western Penn- 
sylvania offered hiui superior inducements in 
his line of business. 

He received and completed several large con- 
tracts on railroad work, and at the time of his 
death had an important contract on the Ashtabula 
and New Lisbon railroad company. He was soon 
afterwards thrown from his horse and died from 
injuries he received. He was intelligent and 
well educated, a strict member of the Catholic 
church and an exemplary temperance man. He 
never drank a drop of licjuor or smoked a cigar 
during his life. In politics he was a democrat 
and cast his first presidential ballot for James 
Buchanan. He married Mary Nolan, a resident 
of his native county. They had six sons : 
l^atrick Henry, a contractor in Virginia with 
Senator Camden ; Daniel, a contractor with the 
subject of the sketch ; James ; John, a passenger 
conductor on the New Jersey Central railroad ; 
Thomas, a promising young man who was 
killed in a boiler explosion in 1880 at Duke 
Center, near Bradford, where he was telegraph 
operator for the Standard Oil Company, and 
Joseph, who is so badly crippled as to be unable 
to work. 

James Bennett received his education in the 
common schools of Pennsylvania and Ohio. He 
elected to follow his father's business and began 
when sixteen years of age with pick and shovel at 
the very bottom rung of the ladder to work. 
Prompted by a laudable ambition he did his 
work so well that he was promoted in three 
years to be foreman under the Mackay Bros. 
After this he was engaged by different contract- 
ors until 1880, when he took a contract under 
Booth and Flynn, of Pittsburg, on the Somer- 
set and Cambria railroad. He built the branch 
road from Leisenrin;; to Vance's Mill for the 


Pennsylvania Railroad company. lie also 
built the Ilecla and Mount Pleasant branch of 
railroad. He next built 2\ miles of the Crab- 
tree branch in \Vestnioreland county. After 
completing the last branch he widened his field 
of operations and removed to West Virginia, 
where he built eight miles of the Baltimore and 
Ohio railroad from Morgantown to Fairmont. 
Returning to Westmoreland he constructed the 
branch road to the Central coke works, for 
which he did the grading. In October, 1884, 
he removed to Greensburg, where he expects to 
remain for life. 

In 1879 Mr. Bennett was married to Addle 
Barrows, daughter of Perry Barrows, a farmer 
of Athens county, Ohio. Their union has been 
blessed with two children, of whom one, a 
daughter, is living : Mary Eliza, born April 11, 

He entered into partnership with Robert 
Talbot in tie general contracting business under 
the firm name of Bennett k Talbot. From the 
organization of the firm until the present they 
have taken and successfully finished many large 
contracts at Greensburg and throughout the 

In politics Mr. Bennett is a democrat. He 
and his wife are members of the Catholic church. 

•f AMES D. BEST, of Irish-German descent, 
'f ' a popular citizen and the present favorably 
(zJ known clerk of the courts of Westmoreland 
county, is the fifth child of Robert C. and Anna 
(Bierer) Best, and was born in Ilompfield town- 
ship, Westmoreland county, Pa., July K5, 1858, 
His grandfather, John Best, a native of Ireland, 
was brought to America in his boyhood by his 
parents, who settled in Ligonier valley, this 
county. There, near Bottsville, young Best was 
reared and lived to an advanced age, engaged in 
the pursuits of agriculture. He always resided 
near Bottsville, where at one time nearly all the 
members of the Presbyterian church were Bests. 

Robert C. Best (father) was born in Cook town- 
ship, this county, in 1812 ; he was a member of 
the Presbyterian church, a life-long democrat, 
and lived to the age of fifty-three years. His 
wife was Anna Bierer, a daughter of David 
Bierer, who was of German lineae. They 
reared a family of nine children, of whom seven 
sons are living. Mrs. Anna Best was born in 
1830, and now resides in Greensburg. 

James D. Best received his education in the 
public schools and the normals of Greensburg. 
When but eight years of age his father died, and 
for the next seven years he made his home with 
his uncle, Capt. John Rinkey, of Stahlstown. 
In 1874 he returned to Herapfield township, 
where he worked in a brick yard and was also 
engaged in mining coal. Being industrious and 
economical he succeeded in saving some money, 
attended normal school, passed an examination 
in 1879 under J. R. Spiegel, then county super- 
intendent, and taught school for two years in his 
native township. In 1881 he became a fireman 
on the Pennsylvania railroad, and five years 
later was promoted to the position of engineer, 
which he skillfully and satisfactorily filled until 
1888, when he resigned to look after his political 
aft'airs. In the spring of that year he, by the 
solicitation of his friends, became a candidate at 
the democratic primary election of Westmore- 
land county for tiie nomination of clerk of the 
courts, and was successful over several able and 
worthy competitors. In tlie general election 
held tiie following November, he was elected by 
a neat majority, being the onl}' successful can- 
didate on the democratic ticket. His election 
was secured by tiie strong support he received 
from the working classes, by whom he was well 
and favorably known. His services thus far in 
the important office which he fills have given ex- 
cellent satisfaction, and a continuation of his 
present business methods, courtesy and genial 
manners will make his administration of the 
office one of the best and most popular in the 
history of the county. For a young man, left 



without a father at the tender age of eight years, 
anil with a widowed motlier to care for, Mr. 
Best has acliieved enviable distinction. Couni- 
geous, persevering, and possesseil of a noble ambi- 
tion he has pressed onward along the pathway 
that leads up the hill of life, surmounting difficul- 
ties and overcoming obstacles, until he now stands 
in the front rank of the young men of the county. 
lie was full of life, vigor and energy, of excellent 
habits, and labored and studied 
"Oft till llie star that rose at evening bright, 
Towaril IKaven's descent hud sloped his westering wheel." 

believing implicity in the old saying, 

" There is no excellence without great labor." 

James D. Best, on July 3, 1888, was united 
in marriage with T. May Keltz, of Ligonier, 
Pa., and they have one chiM, a son named 
Robert Edward Best. 

J. D. Best is a prominent member of Greens- 
burg Council, No. 82, Jr. 0. U. A. M.; An- 
drew Carnegie Lodge, No. 325, Brotherhood of 
Engineers of Pittsburg; Knights of the Mystic 
Chain and the Odd Fellows. lie has always 
been a democrat, and is identified with the 
Evangelical Lutheran church, of which his wife 
is also a member. 

September 7, 1832, in Greensburg, West- 
moreland county. Pa., and is a son of 
John M. and Eliza (Pool) Bierer. The Bierer 
family is an old one, and traces its ancestry 
back to the Kingdom of ^Vurtenlburg, Germany. 
The name in the "fatherland" was Buehrer, 
but it has been Anglicised, and is now almost 
universally written Bierer. In Germany most 
of the ancestors were farmers and merchants, 
though some of them were prominent in the 
civil and military afiairs of the empire. In 
May, 1804, John Bierer (great-grandfather), 
with his family took shipping at Amsterdam for 
the United States. The voyage was long and 
tedious, the vessel having been carried by storms 

to the region of the West Indies, where it was 
becalmed several weeks. During these weeks a 
tropic fever carried off many of the passengers, 
among others Mr. Bierer. About the first of 
October the vessel landed at Baltimore, Md., 
and his widow atid her three sons journeyed 
across the mountains, settling near Greensburg, 
this county. One of these sons, John M. Bierer 
(grandfather), was about eighteen years of age 
at that time. For many years he followed the 
occupation of butchering, but later purchased a 
farm upon which he took up his residence. He 
married Barbara Iloltzer, a native of "old West- 
moreland," by whom he had ten children. John 
M. Bierer (father), one of these children, was 
born in Greensburg, where the First Lutheran 
church now stands, October 24, 1807. He was a 
successful farmer, and in 18G8 was elected county 
commissioner, serving with credit for three 
years. lie was also overseer of the poor for some 
time, and after the erection of the County Home 
was a poor-house director for two terms. He 
was an uncompromising democrat, and one of 
the most active politicians in the county. For 
many years he served as major in the old militia 
battalion and was quite elhcient and popular. 
He was married to Eliza Pool, a daughter of 
Zachariah Pool, who came in early days from 
Maryland to this county. They had eight 
children, of whom Zachariah P. is the third, 
and Capt. J. J. Bierer, of Latrobe, who has 
served in the Pennsylvania Legislature, another. 
Zachariah P. Bierer has been a carpenter and 
contractor since 1849. He is a sound democrat 
and has served a number of times as burgess of 
Greensburg. Although active in political mat- 
ters, bighearted and popular, he has never 
sought any county office. When " Morgan, the 
Raider" was spreading consternation throughout 
the country and troops were needed to repel or 
capture the bold invader, Mr. Bierer raised and 
organized Co. C, of which he was made captain, 
and gallantly commanded. He is a member of 
the A. 0. U. W., the K. of H., and is a Royal 


Arch Mason, a Knight Templar, and a Scottish 
Kite degree Mason, having reached the toi)niost 
rung of the noble Masonic ladder. 

Zachariiih P. Bicrer was united in marriage, 
A])ril 17, 1850, with Juliu A., a daughter of 
Jacob Mclntyre, of Greensburg, and they have 
had eight children, five of whom are living : 11. 
Foster, Jessie, Mary, Edward K. and John M. 
II. Foster IJiercr, born Se])tember la, 18(il, 
was married to Jenny Colville, and is engaged 
at the carpenter trade. Edward K. Bierer, a 
P. 11. 11. passenger conductor, is married to 
Margaret, a daughter of Prof J. S. Walthour, 
and they have one child named Kichard. John 
M. Bierer, following in the footsteps of his 
father, is engaged in carpentry. 

fAMUEL BIERER. In the early years 
of the present century, among the worthy 
and reliable families who came from Ger- 
many to Westmoreland county was the Bierer 
family, who scattered descendants throughout 
the Union are noted for intelligence, patriotism 
and usefulness. One of these is Samuel Bierer 
of Greensburg. He was born on West Pitts- 
burg street, Greensburg, W^estmoreland county. 
Pa., August 30, 1830, and is a son of Frederick 
and Elizabeth (Lafi'erty) Bierer. His paternal 
grandparents, John and Barbara (Midler) Bierer, 
were natives of the kingdom of W^irtemberg, 
Germany, where the Bueher (Anglicised Bierer), 
family hail resided for several centuries back. 
The Bierers were mostly farmers, tradesmen 
and merchants, thougii some of them were 
prominent in the military and civil annals of 
Germany. John Bierer, with his family, started 
for America in 1804, but died at sea. His 
widow and three sons, John, Everhart and 
Frederick, landed at New York city and came 
to Greensburg. Frederick Bierer (father) was 
born in 17!U, at Monsheim, in tho kingdom of 
^Vurtemburg, anti ai'ler his arrival at (iieens- 
burg he worked for several years with his 

brother John in tho butchering business. He 
then removed to Connellsville, Pa., where ho 
was engaged in butchering for many years, and 
owned forty acres of land, which included the 
present site of the P. R. R. (le[)ot. lie went 
to Pittsburg in 1817, and became a partner 
with his brother Everhart in the butchering 
business, but removed to Greensburg in 1823, 
where he conducted a butcher shop until 1831. 
In that year he went to llannastown, where he 
owned a farm of one hundred and seventy-five 
acres, and was engaged in farming until his 
death, June 7, 1854. At his death he owned 
nearly five hundred acres of land, was con- 
sidered one of the progressive farmers of the 
county, and always kept very fine stock. lie 
was a strong democrat, belonged to the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, and was a strict member of 
the Lutheran church, in which he had served 
as deacon and elder. He was a man of large 
stature, a peaceable citizen and a popular man 
in his neighborhood. He married Elizabeth 
Lafferty, daughter of James LafTerty, of Con- 
nellsville, Pa. They had twelve children, of 
whom eleven grew to manhood and woman- 
hood, and seven of these are yet living. Mrs. 
Bierer was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 

Samuel Bierer was educated in the common 
schools and learned the trade of cabinet-maker, 
which he followed for five years. He then 
(185'J) engaged in farming, which he success- 
fully pursui-d for twenty-eight years. He has 
been a resident of Greensburg since 1884, and 
has recently retired from farming and all other 
business jiursuits. He is a democrat in polities, 
has always voted for the State and National 
nominees of that party, and believes in an 
economical administration of public affairs at 
the county seats as well as at the National 

On March 12th, 1H.';7, he united in marriage 
with Emily \\. Boice, of Greensburg. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bierer are the parents of five children : 


Clmrles E., now einployeJ on tlie Methodist 
Jiccunhr, oi^ rittslniif^, Pa.; D Wclty, a telc- 
gnipli operator; S. WakelieUl, who is a teacher 
and secretary of the Young Men's Cliristian 
Association of Greensburg; and Clara E., wife 
of W. II. Thomas, wlio is a manager of the 
scales at Rodebaugh station. Mrs. Bierer is 
a daughter of Alonzo II. Boice (originally spelled 
DuBois), a native of New York. He was a son 
of Mark Boice, was a cabinet-maker by trade, 
and came to this county in 1810. He married 
Elizabeth Hardin, a daughter of Richard Hardin, 
who was a cabinet-maker, and came from Mary- 
land. He served one year in the war of 1812, 
and was first sergeant under Major J. B. 

Samuel Bierer is an active worker in the tem- 
perance cause, with which he has been identified 
ever since arriving to manhood. He is a mem- 
ber of Greensburg Methodist Episcopal church, 
and is now enjoying in his neat and tasteful 
home the abundant fruits of over forty years of 
honest labor. 

eOL. JOHN A. BLACK. But for the 
late civil war the military ability and 
daring bravery of many men would 
never have been known. To this class belongs 
Col. John A. Black, of Greensburg, who rose 
from the .rank of private to the command of his 
regiment by his distinguisheil services and gal- 
lantry on many bloody fields of battle. He was 
born in Mercer township, Butler county, i'a., 
August 19, 1828, and is a son of Robert C. 
and Nancy A. (Kerr) Black. Col. Black is 
of Irish descent. Mathew Black, (great grand- 
father) along with three (Jther brothers, James, 
John and William, left .Scotland about A. D. 
ITS.'J, and came to Letterkenny, Donegal county, 
Ireland. Mathew Black had a family of 
four sons and two daughters. His son, John 
Black, was born 1770, and came to America 
about 17i)r), and married Jane Criswell, at or 

near Chambersburg, Franklin county, Pa., when 
he moved to tlie headwaters of Slijipy ]{ock, in 
Mercer townsiiip, J3utler county. Pa., about 
1797. He reared a family of six sons and four 
daughters, and died October 2, 1882. Jane 
Criswell, his wife, was born September, 1775, 
died February, 18('4. Robert C. Black, their 
son, was born January 10, 1804, and married 
Nancy A. Kerr, November 1, 1827, and died 
July 9, 1850. Nancy A. Kerr was born Octo- 
ber 27, 180(3. Their family consisted of seven 
sons and four daughters. All, with the mother, 
Nancy A. Black, are living and in good health 
at this date except their second, Thomas K. 
Black, who died of typhoid fever, June 20, 
1851. Robert L. Black, fifth son of Robert C. 
Black, was born January 27, 1835, and married 
Sarah Hartley about January, 1850. and took 
the old farm. He has reared a family of thir- 
teen children, all living. But one death has 
occurred on the old farm where the three gen- 
erations were reared, and that was Robert C. 
Black, July 9, 1850. 

Col. John A. Black was reared on his father's 
farm and received his education in the old sub- 
scription schools of Pennsylvania, when they 
were in the last decade of their existence. His 
first employment was farming until nineteen 
years of age, after which he was engaged from 
1847 to 1855 in railroading on the Portage 
road. In 1855 he returned to farming and was 
steadily engaged in that line until 1801, when 
he was rudely summoned from his rural life by 
the sounds of battle and his country's call for 
troops, to relieve the damaging effects of Bull 
Run and crush out of armed existence the 
spirit of rebellion. As an obscure private ho 
passed from the farm to the tented fields, where 
he was to win promotion and honorable men- 
tion. On September 21, 1801, Col. Black en- 
listed as a private in Co. B, Fifty-sixth Pa. 
Vols., and served until July 1, 18G5 ; he was then 
honorably mustered out of service with the rank 
of lieutenant-colonel. He encountered all the 


lianlsliips of a sdlilier's lite, ami was in tiie battle 
of Ciottysbiirg and ninny ollicr.s. At llio battle 
of Gettysburg he was cajiturecl by the Confed- 
erates on the fust c-f July and held prisoner 
four days, when his captors fell into the hands 
of the Union forces and he was restored to his 
company. For gallant conduct he was pro- 
moted in 1863 to second lieutenant on October 
10, and became captain November 15 of the 
same year. He commanded a regiment under 
Meade and led it through the " Battles of the 
Wilderness," where it made an enviable record 
for bravery and faithful service. At the battle 
of "North Anna River," on May 23, 18G4, 
Col. ])lack had his left arm shot to pieces in the 
very thickest of the carnage. His shattered 
arm disabled him from active service until 
March, 1865, ^yhen he was promoted to major, 
and on the next day commissioned lieutenant- 
colonel in recognition of his valuable services 
and distinguished bravery during Grant's march 
from the Rapidan to the North Anna. He re- 
mained in command of the Fifty-sixth until it 
was mustered out in July, 1865. He was of- 
fered the rank of colonel by brevet, but declined 
to receive it, as he purposed to retire from mili- 
tary life to civil pursuits. After the close of 
the Avar ho engaged for several years in butch- 
ering. June 18, 1877, he was appointed mail 
agent on the Southwest Pennsylvania Railway, 
and held that position for five years. From 
1881i to January 1, 1888, lie was agent of Ad- 
ams Kxpress Company at Grcensburg. In He- 
cember, 1888, he was appointed tipstaff by Judge 

On December 25, 1851, he was married to 
Margaret L. Kerr, daughter of Thomas B. 
Kerr. To them were born six children, of 
whom five are living : Willis Morton, who 
married Aniui Ha/.let, and is an engineer on 
the Pennsylvania Railroad; Agnes M., ivife of 
J. M. Scott, of Delano, Butler county. Pa. ; 
Carrie R., Jessie L., telegraph operator on the 
West Penn railroad; John Audley, clerk at 

Greensburg, and Clarence B., who died Decem- 
ber 13, 1865. 

When the National Guards of Pennsylvania 
were organized he became successively captain 
of Co. B., lieutenant-colonel of one of the bat- 
talions and colonel of the Tenth regiment. He 
commanded this regiment in the Pittsburg labor 
riot of 1877, and is well remembered there for 
the firm but judicious manner in which he dealt 
with the crazed and riotous masses that block- 
aded the streets of the city. He is a member 
of the Grand Array of the Republic, Union 
Veteran Legion, and the Society of the Aimy 
of the Potomac. In politics he was a democrat 
until 1863. In that year, because the demo- 
crats opposed the right of the soldiers to vote, 
he left that party and joined the republicans ; 
to these principles he has since adhered. Col. 
Black served two terms as justice of the peace 
at Livermore, Pa., and was overseer of the poor 
for several years in Indiana county, Pa. He is 
a member of the Presbyterian churcli. 

fEORGE A. BLANK, one of Greensburg's 
prosperous business men and leading gro- 
cers, was born in Ilempfield township, 
Westmoreland county. Pa., October 5, 1853, and 
is a son of Jonas and Charlotte (liierer) Blank. 
Jonas Blank was born in Montgomery county. 
Pa., and has always been engaged in farming 
until lately, when he retired from active business. 
He is a democrat, a member of the Evangelical 
church, in which he has held all the local offices, 
and was very successful in business while en- 
gaged in farming. On December 2, 1811, he 
married Charlotte Bierer, daughter of John 
Bierer. They have had eleven children, of whom 
three sons and two daughters are living. Mrs. 
Blank belongs to the same church as her husband. 
He is u son of George A. Blank, who was born 
in Eastern Pennsylvania, but removed to this 
county when Jonas was nine years of age. 
George A. Blank, an early settler, was engaged 

wi:stmori-:land co unty. 


in fiirming and was a strict member of the 
Evangoliciil Lutlioran cliurcli. llu manicil 
Catliaiiiie ShoUe and their union was blessed 
witli eleven cliiblren. 

George A. JJlank, a grandson of the al>ove 
mentioned George A. Blank, was educated in 
the common schools of llempfield township. 
Leaving school, he engaged for two years at 
Greensburg in the piano and organ business and 
then served as clerk with Bowman iV Sons for 
about seven years, until 1 883, when he engaged 
in the present grocery business. 

On February 11, 1883, he was united in mar- 
riage to Kate Roley, daughter of Sarah Roley, 
of Greensburg. They have had four children : 
Margaretta, Ralph, Sarah (deceased), and Irene. 

He is a democrat, a member of the Jr. 0. U. 
A. M. and the Evangelical Lutheran church. 
His grocery establishment is at No. 137 Main 
street, above the court-house ; it is ample in size 
and convenient in arrangement. lie carries a 
large and well assorted stock of staple and fancy 
groceries, especially selected and well suited to 
the wants of his large and lucrative patronage. 

i^OUIS W. BOTT, a contractor and builder 
y j of Greensburg, was born November 7, 
1848, in Donegal township, Westmoreland 
county. Pa., and is a son of John C. and 
JIagdalena Bott. lie was educated in the public 
schools of Greensburg, his father having removed 
there when Louis was but an infant. After 
leaving school he engaged in surveying on the 
Allegheny Valley railroad for two years, but 
quit this to learn the carpenter's trade, which he 
did with Ziegler, Baker & Co., beginning in 
18G8, at the age of nineteen. After the com- 
pletion of his apprenticeship he worked as a 
journeyman until 1883, when he took the con- 
tract for the erection of public school building 
No. 2. During his first year as a contractor he 
did $40,000 worth of business, which is con- 
vincing evidence of the confidence reposed in his 

skill and integrity by his life-long acciuaintances. 
Mr. Bott employs from forty to fifty men in tlio 
various lines of his bu.siness, and is well known 
as an honest, relialile and ollicient contractor, 
builder and dealer. He is a man of high 
character, decided views and considerable ability. 
His political principles are those of the demo- 
cratic party. He is a member of St. Glair 
Lodge, No. 53, A. 0. U. W., as well as of the 
Homo Circle, and with his wife is identified with 
the Lutheran church. 

On January '25, 1870, Louis W. Bott was 
united in marriage with Elvira j\l., a daui^hter 
of Isaac Wible, of Greensburg, and their mar- 
riage has been blest with two children : George 
W., born January 4, 1877, and Mary Elvira, 
born December 8, 1884. 

ILLIAM BROWN, the late popular and 
leading druggist and proprietor of the 
oldest drug store at Greensburg, was a 
son of Dr. Samuel P. and Mary J. (Nichols) 
Brown, and was born at Greensburg, West- 
moreland county, Pennsylvania, October 10, 
1842. The Browns are of Scotch-Irish descent, 
and in Scotland (their original home) they were 
Covenanters. Dr. Samuel Potter Brown was 
born in Greensburg, April 10, 1801, where he 
died May 30, 18L)0. He was a son of Robert 
Brown, an early merchant of GreensburiT. He 
was a very prominent physician in his day; his 
field of practice extended over Westmoreland 
and into adjoining counties He was a demo- 
crat, a ruling elder in the Presbyterian church 
of Greensburg, and was always recognized as 
a warm friend of the educational interests of 
his town, where he served for years as a trustee 
of the old Greensburg seminary. In 1830, 
March 16, he married Mary Jane Nichols, 
daughter of John Nichols. They had eight 
children, of whom five are dead. 

William Brown was educated in the Greens- 
burg school and Jefferson collcire at Cannonsburg. 



His college attendance was diiring the palmy 
days t)t' Jellerson, when it received a large niindjer 
ofstudeiits from the lending families of the South. 
In lSr)8 ho lAsinned charge, us proprietor, of 
his father's drug store, and has continued suc- 
cessfully in the drug business ever since. 

On January 28, 18(32, he married Millie Eyster, 
second daugliter of llev. Michael Eyster, who 
■was pastor of the Lutheran church at Greens- 
burg for many years. They have two children : 
Samuel Potter, born December 9, 18G2, who 
married Maggie A. Ilill and Millie Eyster. 

William Brown was a democrat, a member of 
the Presbyterian church and was superinten- 
dent of its Sabbath School for many years. In 
18(19 he erected his present fine business build- 
ing on No"tli Main street, near the court-house, 
in which he does a large wholesale and retail 
drug business. His establishment is neatly and 
hamlsomely fitted up, and always contained a 
large and carefully selected stock of fresh and 
pure drugs, together with all standanl proprietary 
medicines and a choice assortment of toilet arti- 
cles. He was a thorough and careful pharma- 
ceutist, and a jirompt, accommodating business 
man. He died in March, 1890. 

■rv-IT-AltY J. RIUJNOT. AVestmoreland 

I J cimiily is extremely fdrliiiKile in (ho 
V$ niineral wealth and agricultural richness 
of her territoiy, and very remarkable for theen- 
crgrlic and pnigi'essive spirit ofiii'r many pmni- 
iiiciit eiliz'iis. Oui.' ol' ihiM class is Hilary J. 
liruncit, a leading business man and capitalist 
of (ireensburg, who is descended from one of the 
old and highly honorable families of France, 
and who has had to do largely with the material 
development of the Monongahela valley, and is 
the real pioneer of the natural gas region of 
Pennsylvania. He was born in the Allegheny 
arsenal, in Pittsburg, Pa., July 24, 1824, and 
is a son of Lieut. Hilary and Ann Tankard 
(Ileville) Brunot. The Brunot family is one of 

the old families of France, which firjt came 
into national i)roniiiience during the jjeriod of 
the religious wars in that country in the si.\- ' • 
teenth century. Major Sanson Hrunot (great 
grandfather) was a distinguished oHicer in the 
French army and had a coat of arms (still in pos- 
sion of the Brunot family), which was bestowed 
on him for meritorious conduct on the field of 
battle. J lis son. Dr. Felix Brunot (grand- 
father), was born in Parish Morey, France, 
January 9, 1752, and was a foster brother of Gen. 
LaFayette. He was originally intended for 
"orders " by his uncle, a Catholic bishop, but 
experiencing an aversion for that calling he was 
permitted to enter upon the study of medicine. 
After graduating from one of the first medical 
schools of France he joined Gen. LaFayette in 
his espousal of the patriotic cause in America. 
He came to this country in 1777, was appointed 
as a surgeon in the Continental army under 
Washington, and rendered invaluable services 
at the battle of Brandywine and on many other 
battle-fields during the Revolutionary war. At 
the close of that great struggle he was rocoiT- 
nized as one of the most successful physicians 
and skillful surgeons in the new-risen Republic, 
in whose cause he had patriotically risked his 
life, and with whoso destiny he had unhesitat- 
ingly cast in his fortunes. No warmer hearted 
and more earnest friend of freedoui than Dr. 
Brunot ever came to this continent, and no 
man's service was ever rendered in the cause of 
.America n Independence more devotedly than 
his. After the ileclaration of peace between- 
Great Rritain and the " Thirteen Colonies," 
Dr. Brunot located at Annapolis, Md., but soon 
removed to Philadelphia, where he enjoyed a 
large practice and remained until 1797. In 
that year he came to Pittsburg and selected his 
place of residence on a beautiful island (now- 
known as " Brunot's Island ") in the (_)hio river, 
a short distance below that city. At liis island 
home he entertained his foster brother and com- 
rade in arms, (Jen. LaFayette and George 


Rogers Cliirkc and Kcnuaii J^loniiciliassL't and 
many other prominent characters of American 
liistory. He subsequently removed to Liberty 
Btrect, ritlsbiirg, wliere lie died May S-l, 188H. 
llewiis a public-spirited c li/eii, ami after coming 
to Pittsburg, always took a great interest in the 
growth and prosperity of that city. Dr. Brunot 
was twice married. His first wife was a lady of 
Annapolis, by whom lie had one daughter, who 
married, but died without issue. His second 
wife was Elizabeth Kreider, of Philadelphia, 
whom he married December 17, 1789, and by 
whom he had six sons and one daughter. Of 
these sons, two, Breton and Casper, were physi- 
cians ; one, Sanson, was a iirominent minister 
in the Ejiiscojial church and at one time was in 
cinirge of the church at Cirecnsburg; another, 
Hihiry, served as a Lieut, in the United States 
army, and the other two, Felix and James ^L, 
became lawyers and settled in the Suulliern 
States. James AL Brunot was the father of 
Hilary 15. Jirunot, now practicing law in Pitts- 
burg. Susan Louisa was the only daughter. 

Lieut. Hilary Brunot (fatlier) was the fourtli 
son and was born July 14. 1795, in a house that 
is still standing in Philadelphia, on the bank of 
the Schuykill river. When quite young he en- 
tered the United States Military Academy at 
West Point, and was a member of one of the 
early classes which was graduated from that 
institution. After graduation he was com- 
missioned as lieutenant in the United States 
regular army, and Avas wounded in the sortie at 
Fort Erie during the War of 1S12 and was jiro- 
moted to First Lieut, for gallantry in this battle. 
After the close of that struggle he was stationed 
respectively at Fort Snelling, Mackinaw, Green 
Bay and Newport. From the latter place, in 
Kentucky, he was stationed at the Allegheny 
arsenal in Pittsburg. In 1825 he resigned his 
command in the army and was engaged in the 
manufacture of white lead for many years. His 
works occupied the entire square upon which the 
Union depot in Pittsbui-g now stands, iiieiii. 

Brunot retired from active business in 1850 and 
died March 20, 1H7-. He was an earnest 
Christian, a man of great force of character and 
was very active in jiolitics. He was a whig and 
later a republican, and served for many years as 
a member of the city councils of Pittsburg. 
On May G, 181'J, iie married Ann Tankard 
lleville, a daughter of Ilandell and Margaret 
Keville, of Newport, Kentucky. The Uevilles 
were early settlers of Somerset county, Mary- 
land. To Lieut, and Mrs. Brunot were born 
nine children, of whom two are living: Hilary 
J. and Felix 11. Brunot, of Pittsburg, who is 
one of the most noted ])liilautliropists of the 

Hilary J. Ihunot was educated in Scwickley 
academy and ^Vestern University of Pittsburg. 
Leaving school, ho was engaged for a short time 
in the white lead business. In 1845 he engaged 
in civil cngineeiiiig and assisted Nathan 
McDowell to make test surveys for slackwater 
navigation on the iMunongaliela river. in 
1849 he went with a I'ittsburg company to Cali- 
fornia, where he remained two years. In 1851 
he returned to Pennsylvania and helped locate 
and survey the Allegheny Valley railroad. In 
1854 he resigned from the engineer corps, went 
to Indiana, where he married and then purchased 
a stock-farm in Rock Island county, Illinois, 
upon which he resided for five years. In 1859 
he removed to Fayette county, Pennsylvania, 
where he was engaged in farming and speculat- 
ing in coal lands until 1873, when he came to 
Greensburg. Since then he has been dealing 
in coal, oil and gas lands. He was one of the 
jiioncers of the natural gas business, and with 
the Haymaker brothers put down the first well 
at MurrysviUe. In 1883 he started the Daily 
and Weekly Press, one of the leading papers of 
the county, which now has far more than a 
local circulation. 

During the late war Mr. Brunot was mus- 
tered into the service of the United States at 
Camp Howell on July '1, iMiu, and serveil 


until August IG, 1863, when tlie regiment, the 
fifty-fourth ]';i. Vols, wiis disbanded and he uas 

Hilary J. Bruiiot was married at Boone 
Grove, Indiana, ui\ July 12, 1855, to Mary 
Bissell, a daughter of William anil Sarah Bis- 
sell of that [dace. To tliis marriage have been 
born ten cliihhen. Ann Elizal)etli, Mary 
Caroline, wife of Dr. I. P. Klingensmith, of 
Blairsville, Pa.; Hilary Sanson, business mana- 
ger of the Press; Sarah Louisa, William B., 
died at nineteen years of age; Felix Reville, 
member of the engine-building firm of Ilenift' k 
Brunot ; Melesina Cory, James Thompson, at 
Annapolis, Md., preparing for the navy ; In- 
diana Traner, who died in infancy, and John 
Breton, who is attending school. 

Politically Mr. Brunot is a stanch and ardent 
republican. In Masonry he has passed through 
lodge, council, chapter, commandery, temfile 
and consistory, and is a Thirty-second degree or 
Scottish Kite Mason. 

L. BUSH, a thorough business man and 
one of the leading booksellers and sta- 
tioners of Greensburg, was born near 
Greensburg, in Ilenipfield township, AVestmore- 
land county, Pa., March 13, 1863, and the 
second and youngest child of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth (Row) Bush. Jacob Bush was born in 
IIemi>tield township, where he resided until his 
deatli in 1S(J6. Mr. liusli seiecteil farming as 
an occupation and was successfully engaged in 
that line of business during his lifetime. He 
believed in the principles and practices of the 
democratic i>arty, was an active working mem- 
ber of tiie German Reformed Church, in which 
he served for many years as deacon and after- 
wards as an elder, and was a prominent man in 
his community and township. lie married 
Elizabeth Row, daugiiter of Samuel Row of 
Ilempfu'ld township. Tlieir marriage was blessed 
witii live children, of wlioiri tlie lliree iolluwing 

are living: David J., a lawyer residing at La- 
trobe, ]'a. ; Sadie and C. L. Mrs. Bush was 
born in 1825, and is a member of the Evangeli- 
cal Lutheran church. Jacob Rush was a son of 
Daniel, Sr., who wasa Westmoreland county 
farmer and married Marie Smeltzer. The Smelt- 
zers arc a numerous and widely scattered family. 

C. L. Busli was reared on a farm and educated 
in the common schools of his native township 
and at Greensburg High School. At seventeen 
years of age he began business for himself. In 
1880 he learned the trade of paperiianger in 
which he was actively and successfully engaged 
for nine years. On August 1, 1889, he pur- 
chased his present book and stationery store 
from A. W. McCoy. 

On October 3, 1888, he married Ida F. Naley, 
daughter of Eli Naley, of llempfield township. 
Mrs. Bush received her education in the common 
schools and Greensburg Academy, and is a 
member of the German Reformed Church. 

C. L. Bush's book and stationery establish- 
ment is located at No. 141 North Main street, 
and is known as the " A. P. A." store. His 
room is commodious, conveniently arranged and 
heavily stocked with a complete assortment of 
books, stationery, papers, magazines, window- 
blinds, school material and toilet articles. The 
book department represents the widest range of 
literature, from science and philosophy to 
amusement and romance. A specialty of the 
establishment is the wall-paper department, in 
wliicli a full stock of jihiin and fancy wall-paper 
are always kept on hand. He has within a com- 
paratively brief period secured a large and pay- 
ing trade. He is a member of the Jr. 0. U. A. 
M. and a useful member of the German Re- 
formed church. 

F. BYERS, the late popular and efficient 
sheriff of Westmoreland county, is a son of 
John H. and Mary (Runnihaugh) Byers, 
and was born on the uld Byers homestead near 


Mt. Pleasant, Wcstinorolaiul county, Pa. Jolin 
II. IJycis is a son of John Byeis, who was a 
furmer and distiller of Westmoreland county. 
lie is a comfortably situated farmer, a stanch 
democrat and a leading member of the Reformed 
church, lie operated the P>yers' distillery prior 
to the late civil war. His tirst wife was Mary, 
daughter of Abraham Runnibaugh, of Mt. 
Pleasant township. She died and left five 
children. His second wife was Charlotte Miller, 
by whom he had two children, and after her 
death he was married to Miss Emily Lynn. 

B. F. Byers received his education in the 
common schools and Mt. Pleasant academy ; 
leaving school he began farming, which he soon 
relinquished and engaged in stock-buj'ing. He 
was later engaged in the livery business for two 
years and then became a partner of E. II. Fiscus. 
This partnership lasted about six months. iMr. 
Byers' political career commenced by his being 
elected constable of Latrobe borough. After 
two years acceptable service in this position he 
became deputy sheriff" of Westmoreland county 
for three years under Sheriff James Boreland ; 
and served in the same position for the same 
length of time under Boreland's successor, Sheriff' 
Kethering. At the e.xiiiration of Kcthering's 
term he was employed as a railroad detective by 
the P. II. R. company and remained in their 
service two and one-half years. In 188G he 
was nominated for sheriff" of Westmoreland 
county b}' the democrats, and after a heated and 
excited contest was elected to that office. The 
county two years jjreviously had gone republican. 
He is a member of Philanthropy Lodge, No. 
225, A. Y. M., and is a shrewd business man. 
For years Mr. Byers has been a leading demo- 
cratic worker. As sheriff' he discharged the 
duties of his office faithfully and eiliciently, and 
in all iiis business relations ho is pleasant and 
obliging to all. 

As a judge of horses Mr. Byers has few 
superiors in Westmoreland county ; and his judg- 
ment as to men is cijuuUy good. 

AMUEL W. CALDWELL. One who ha 
been remarkably successful in every enter'' 
prise he has undertaken is Samuel W. 
Caldwell, real estate dealer and insurance agent, 
of Greensburg. He was born at Manor Station, 
AV^estmoreland county. Pa., September 12, 18G3, 
and is a son of Samuel and Maria E. (Morrow) 
Caldwell. His paternal grandfather, William 
Caldwell, was born in 1793. He was a farmer 
by occupation, a democrat in politics and a use- 
ful member of the German Reformed church. 
His maternal grandfather, John Morrow, was a 
farmer who resided near Irwin Station (see 
sketch of J. C. Morrow). His father, Samuel 
Caldwell, was a grain dealer at Manor Station, 
where he died October 5, 18(J3, in the thirty- 
fifth year of his age. He was a conservative 
democrat in politics and a useful member of the 
UniteJ Presbyterian church. He was a success- 
ful and influential man who after his death was 
much missed in that section of the county. In 
1850 he married Maria E. Morrow, by whom he 
had three children, two sons and one daughter : 
William B., in the real estate business and in 
charge of the Jeannette oflSce of S. W. Caldwell 
& Co.; Frances E., wife of C. W. Seibold, a 
member of the firm of S. W. Caldwell & Co., 
and Samuel W. Mrs. Caldwell resides at Manor 

S. W. Caldwell was educated in the common 
schools and Murrysville academy. The first 
commercial enterprise in which he embarked was 
the general mercantile business with his brother 
at Manor Station. They owned and operated 
the Manor store, which they sold in 188-4 and 
purchased another in Greensburg in 1885. In 
1887 they sold their store and embarked in a 
new field of commercial industry. S. D. Cald- 
well formed a co-partnership with C. W. Seibold, 
under the firm name of S. W. Caldwell & Co., 
and engaged in the insurance and real estate 
business at Greensburg. Their office is in the 
new Press building on West Otterman street. 
i In the insurance department they represent tho 



following well-known companies: The Crecnwich 
File In.suniiicc Company of New York ; The 
Uniteil States Fire Insurance Company of New 
York; Penn j\Iiitual Fire Insurance Company 
of Philadelphia, capital $1^,000,000. They 
have a large number o'" houses, lots and farms 
for sale and rent, and besides selling property, 
renting houses and collecting rents they have 
money to loan. They enjoy a large and exten- 
sive patronage, and in order to better accommo- 
date a part of their patrons a branch office was 
opened at Jeannette in 188tl. They are thor- 
oughly conversant with every detail of their 
varied business, and justly deserve the success 
their energy and thrift have achieved. 

On December 0, 1880, S. W. Caldwell was 
married to Anna L. Phillips of Greensburg. 
They have two children : Maude Gertrude and 
AVallace. Mrs Caldwell is a member of the 
Presbyterian church. 

S. W. Caldwell is a republican and is a 
member of the Presbyterian church. By able 
management he has built up his present success- 
ful business, and is recognized as a reliable man 
and honorable citizen. 

^ ZllA G. CAMPBELL, a soldier of the 
(g)f late civil war and popular caterer of 
Greensburg, was born in Ligonier valley. 
Cook township, Westmoreland county. Pa., May 
29, 1840, and is a son of George and Keziah 
(Gelvin) ('aiiiphcli. At an early pciind in llie 
history of what is now ^W>jtmllrellUhl county, 
eight brothers by the name of Campbell settled 
in the Ligonier valley, in what is now Cook 
township, where seven of them owned adjoining 
farms. One of these brothers was George 
Campbell whose son, John Campbell (grand- 
father), was a farmer and large landholder. 
John (Janipbell was a justice of the peace, 
captain of a militia company and an elder in 
the Presbyterian church. lie marric<l Mary 
Galbraith, daughter of John and Isabella (Camp- 

bell) Galbraith. Mrs. Galbraith, along with her 
brother Robert Cam|)bcll, ^Villiam, Thomas and 
one sister were captured in July, 1770, in Ligo- 
nier townshij), by the Indians and carried to 
Canada, where they were held lour years as 
prisoners. Her father was absent at the time of 
the capture, while her mother and an infant 
sister were killed on the spot and their house 
burned. One of John Campbell's sons was 
George Campbell (father) born October 11, 
181G, in Cook township, lie was reared to 
farming, received a fair education for that period 
and was one of the "old-school masters" and 
singing-school teachers of half a century ago. 
lie is a democrat, has held the various offices of 
his township, was elected commissioner of West- 
moreland county in 1884, served his term and 
went out of office with hosts of friends in both 
parties. lie is pleasant and agreeable, a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church and resides 
at Mannsville, Cook townshij). On ]May 28, 
1838, he married Keziah Gelvin, daughter of 
Matthew Gelvin, of Chambersburg, Franklin 
county. Pa., by whom he had two children : 
Ezra G. and Isabella M., wife of John II. Nicely, 
of Ligonier township. 

Ezra G. Campbell received his education, 
like most of farmer's sons, in the common 
schools of his native township, and engaged 
in farming until the breakingoiit of the great 
rebellion. On September 2, 18(31, he en- 
listed in Co. E, eleventh Pa. Infantry Vols, 
and served in the army of the Potonuic. Par- 
ticipating in the battles of Cedar Mountain, 
I{aj)jjaliannock Station, Thoroughfare Gap and 
Second Bull Run, where in a rank of six men, 
two were wounded and three killed ; one of them 
was killed in Mr. Campbell's arms, being 
wounded prior to being killed, and 5Ir. Camjibell 
alone escaped unhurt. He was discharged De- 
cember 31, 1803, re-enlisted in the same com- 
pany January 1, 1804, and served until July 1, 
180;'), when he was honorably mustered out of 
the L^nited States service. Returning' home he 

t u 

(O-UL^ <h'A>a^^'T^ -iCi^-^^^ 


engajicd fur ii slioit time in iiinninj;, .^icrvcil as 
car iiispoctor iit Cunt'iiuiujih for iIiitl' years, and 
in 187- returned to Greensburg, where he em- 
barked in liis j)res('nt restaurant business. 
Quite reeently lie opened a second restaurant, 
whiuli is located on the corner of I'eiinsjlvania 
avenue and West Otterman street. 

On April 22, 1866, he was united in mar- 
riage to Sarah Sease, daughter of John and 
Nancy (Balsley) Sease. To th.s union have been 
born five children, of whom the eldest is dead. 
Those living are: Nannie S., born October 'J, 
1869; Henrietta K., February 26, 1874; Fran- 
cis Jlarion, September 9, 1878, and Leona Lo- 
weta, January 15, 1881. 

Ezra G. Campbell is a member of G. A. 
Cribbs Post, No. 276, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, Encampment No. 5, Union Veteran liC- 
gion and Protection Council No. 11, Chosen 
Friends. lie is a strong democrat, a member 
of the United Brethren church and a good citi- 
zen. No one more fully un<lerstand8 or better 
provides restaurant entertainment for the public 
than Mr. Campbell, who is ever accommodating 
and obliging. He has secured a large and 
liberal patronage, has been successful financially 
and owns considerable property in Greensburg. 

e^ LI CHAMBERS. Prominent among the 
)]" representative bnsiness men of the county, 
distinguished for financial ability, honesty, 
and ellieiency, is Eli Chaudjors, the present 
treasurer of Westmoreland county. He belongs 
to that clasa of useful men whose patriotism, 
integrity, intelligence, and usefulness give stabili- 
ty to society, and progress and prosperity to its 
business affairs. Eli Chambers, who was a 
brave soldier and faithful olficer during the war 
of the Great Rebellion, is a son 'William and 
Elizabeth (Leas>ire) Chambers, and was born 
near Pleasant Unity, in Unity township, West- 
moreland county. Pa., in 1836. The Chand)ers 
family of Westmoreland county is of Scotch- 

Irish origin and Prisbyterian faith. It was 
founded by John Cluuiiiieis (grandfather), who 
was the descendant of a Chambers who settled 
in Eastern Pennsylvania at a very early day. 
John Chambers was born near idttle York, 
York county, Pa., where his paternal ancestors 
erected the first grist-mill of that county, and 
their descendants in that section have been 
engaged in milling ever since. Some years 
prior to the opening of the present century, 
John Chambers left his comfortable eastern home 
and crossed the mountains into the frontier 
settlements of Westmoreland county, in whose 
wealth of virgin forests, rich soil and fine water- 
power for manufacturing purposes he saw a wide, 
not then inviting, field for business activity and 
future prosperity-. He selected a large tract of 
land near Pleasant Unity, in one of the very 
garden spots of the county, upon which he set- 
tled and erected a factory for the manufacture 
of woolen goods, in which business he was en- 
gaged for many years. He married Leah Ilart- 
zell, of Little Y'ork, Pa., by whom he had seven 
children : William, John, Elizabeth, George, 
Rev. Joseph, a Presbyterian minister of Wooster, 
Ohio, Dr. Daniel and Mary. The eldest son, 
William Chambers (father), was born at Little 
Y'ork, Pa., in 1796, and was brought by his 
parents to Unity township, where he was reared 
and received his education. He followed card- 
ing and cloth finishing until 1839, when he 
settled permanently on the present site of La- 
trobe, and purchased Findley's fiouring mill, 
which he operated in connection with farming 
until his death, which occurred in November, 
1851. His remains are entombed in Unity 
cemetery. He, like his father before him, was 
an old line whig and a member of the Unity 
Presbyterian church. By his integrity and 
strict attention to business he was remarkably 
successful in his farming and milling enter- 
])rises, and secured the respect and esteem of 
the community in which he lived. About 1821, 
he married Elizabeth Leasure, second daughter 

11100 UA PHIL'S OF 

of Captain Daniel and Elizabeth (Ryan) Lea- 
sure, wlio (lied in 1840, aged 37 yeara. To 
William and Elizabeth (Leasure) Chambers 
were born, lour sons and one daughter : John 
L., who married Eliza Glessner; Daniel M., 
married to jNIary iSmith ; Jesse, who married 
Kezziah Geiger; Eliza, wife of Jolm Tieatty, 
and Eli. 

The remote jiaternal ancestors of Eli Cham- 
bers, the Leasures, were natives of Navarre, 
France. They were Huguenots, and fled from 
a storm of religious persecution to Germany, 
where they settled in a beautiful province along 
the Rhine river. Their name was spelt Le Suer, 
but it is now written Leasure. One of iheir 
descendants was Abraham Leasure (maternal 
great grand-father), who was born in 17^35, and 
married a French woman. He emigrated to 
Pennsylvania, where he settled near Chambers- 
burg sometime prior to the Revolutionary war. 
During tiiat great struggle he removed to the 
valley of the Kiskiminetas, where he was en- 
gaged as an Indian scout until 1790. He then 
purchased a train of pack-horses and engaged 
in transporting merchandise. He eventually 
purchased a large tract of land near Pleasant 
Unity from the heirs of William Penn. On 
this land he settled and remained until his death 
in 1805, and in 1820 his widow followed him 
to the grave. His youngest son, Capt;un Dan- 
iel Leasure (grandfatlier), was born in 1707. 
He was elected captain of a frontier company 
before he was of age and served as such until 
he was fifty years of age. He was in the Indian 
war of 1790, and enlisted as a first lieutenant 
and reported for service in the War of 181-2, 
but was discharged. He married Elizabeth 
Ryan, of French-Irish descent, who, when a 
young girl, was in the fort at Hannastown when 
it was attacked by Indians in 1782, and run 
pewter spoons into bullets for the use of those 
wiio were besieged. Captain Daniel and Eliza- 
beth (Ryan) Leasure were the parents of seven 
chihli-en : Mary, Abraham, George, John, 

William, Jesse, and Elizabeth, the mother of 
the subject of this sketch. 

Eli Chambers spent his boyhood on a farm 
and in a mill. He received his education in tiio 
common schools and Sewickley academy. At 
twenty-one years of age he commenced to work 
for his brothers, J. L. and D. L. Chambers, 
who were engaged in milling and grain buying 
and a general shipping business, and continued 
with them for nearly four years. In April, 
1861, he enlisted in Co. K, eleventh Pa. Vols., 
and at the end of his three months term of ser- 
vice re-enlisted in Co. K, fifty-third Pa. Infan- 
try Vols., and was honorably discharged January 
20, 1803, on account of jihysical disability con- 
tracted in the army. He enlisted as a private, 
was promoted corporal, and participated during 
his term of service in the battles of Falling 
Water, Siege of Yorktown, Savage Station, 
AV^iite Oak Swamp, Fair Oaks, Gaines' Mills, 
]\Ialvern Hill and Antietam, as well as in many 
smaller engagements and skirmishes of the war. 
When Lee invaded Pennsylvania, although 
crippled badly, he assisted in raising Co. B, 
fifty-fourth Reg., State Militia, refused to 
become its captain, but accepted a lieutenancy, 
and his regiment, the fifty-fourth, assisted in 
the capture of the great Confederate cavalry 
chieftan, John II. Morgan, at Wellesville, Ohio. 
After his third term of service had expired 
Lieut. Chandjcrs located at Latrobe, and in 
1807 went into partnership with his brother, 
J. L. Chambers, in the general grain business, 
which occupied his time and attention until 
180'J, when he took the place of his brother in 
the milling business, continuing therein five 
years. In 1887 he was made the republican 
candidate for treasurer of Westmoreland county, 
and was elected by a neat majority in a very 
close contest. 

On February 20, 1873, he united in marriage 
with Lydia J. Harvey. They have five children, 
two sons and three daughters: Belle L., Edith E., 
William Harvey, Charles Arthur and Alice B. 


Eli Cliiiinbcrs is ii life-long republican and 
has always given liis party an earnest and 
whole-hearted support. Mr. Chambers has not 
disappointed liis friends in his nianaixeinent of 
the county treasury, as he Inis discharged ^^\^•xy 
duty of his ollice with credit to himself and the 
county. He has worked out for himself a posi- 
tion in life which commands respect, and his 
record in business, society and church circles 
is without blot or stain. lie is a member of 
Latrobe Presbyterian church, and in every 
station of life which he has occupied he has 
always been active, efficient and successful. 

eUCIAN CLAWSOX. A prominent and 
leading democrat of Westmoreland county, 
a man of extended business experience, 
and a well-known resident of Greensburg is 
Lucian Clawson. He was born in Eell town- 
ship, Westmoreland county. Pa., August 2G, 
1839, and is a son of Peter and Elizabeth 
Clawson. Peter Clawson (grandfather) was an 
industrious and thrifty farmer. His wife was 
Barbara Ringle, of German descent. She lived 
far beyond the allotted years of life, and died in 
18M0 at ninety-three years of age. Peter Claw- 
son (father) was born in 1818. His occupation 
was farming, but he spent much of his time as a 
boatman on the old Pennsylvania canal. He 
was a life-long democrat, a substantial meiidier 
of the Lutheran church, and died of typhoid 
fever ill iJ^TiO. Mr. Clawson had seven children, 
of whom live are living, two girls and three 

Lucian Clawson was reared on a fiirni and 
received his education in the common schools of 
Bell township and Elder's Ilidge academy. At 
eighteen years of age he left home to engage in 
oil-well drilling. He ran an engine for some 
time in the oil region above Franklin, Venango 
coijnty, and then engaged in boating oil on the 
Allegheny river for a short season. He was 
iie.xt employed as a clerk in the Gil City post- 

office, and then went to Illinois, where he was 
engaged in the grocery business for one year. 
In 18G5 he returned to his native State, where 
he was appointed through the inlluence of Judge 
Petlis as mail route agent on the Eariiier.s' rail- 
roail. Ho served in that capacity until the 
Pennsylvania railroad company purchased the 
railroad. Leaving the mail service in 18G2, he 
became a grain dealer, and engaged in boating 
on the old canal. In March, 18G8, he came to 
Greensburg and was engaged for one year as a 
carpenter and one year as a huckster. From 
1871 to 1879 he was a partner with C. Cribbs 
at Greensburg, in the tobacco business. In 
1880 he was with Joseph Bowman in the 
mercantile business From 1882 to 1889 he 
owned and conducted a wholesale and retail 
grocery on Main street, Greensburg. In 1889 
he became proprietor of his present book and 
stationery store on Main street. He has a 
fine room and carries in stock a full line 
of standard works, school, miscellaneous and 
blank books, fine stationery, magazines, popular 
volumes of fiction and school supplies. By 
courteous attention to the public and fair deal- 
ing he has secured an ample share of public 
j)atronage. He has dealt and is considerably 
interested in real estate. 

On November 28, 1867, he was married to 
Mary E. Bowman, daughter of Joseph Bowman, 
who is a leading merchant of (jreen.sburg. They 
have had six children, of whom one son and two 
daughters are living: Henrietta, born Septem- 
ber 20, 187G; Lurine B., December 10, 1879, 
and Curtis Bowman, March 11, 1882. 

Lucian Clawson is unswerving in his allegi- 
ance to the democratic faith of his fathers, and 
has always been actively engaged in the in- 
terests of the Democratic party. In 1875-76 
he served as deputy sheriff of Westmoreland 
county, and June 8, 1889, he was nominated at 
the democratic primaries for sheriff of the county. 
lie had nine hundred majority over his highest 
competitor at the primary election, and in No- 


veuibov was clccteil by 1,062 majority over Col. 
Joliii 11 Ousliler. In all cuinpaigiis, local, state 
or national, he lias always taken an active part. 
Defeat never dampens his ardor or exercises any 
depressing effect on his efforts. His record as a 
public official was satisfactory. His business 
qualifications and accustomed energy well fit 
him for tlie disciiarge of public duties. 

J. OLAWSON, one of the leading gro- 
cers and tobacco dealers of the enter- 
prising town of Greensburg, was born in 
Bell township, Westmoreland county, I'a., jMarch 
18, 1841, and is a son of James and .Sarah 
(Alcorn) Clawson. His ]iatcrnal grandfather, 
Peter Clawson, was a native and fanner of 
AVestuiiu-cland county, and was descended fnjni 
a Clawson family of Holland. He married 
Barbara Uinglc, daughter of a large land-holder 
in Sewickley township. She lived to be quite 
aged; her death occurred about twelve years ago. 
His father, James Clawson, was born in August, 
1812, in Bell township. He is a prosperous 
farmer, a democrat and an influential member of 
the Evangelical Lutheran ch.urch. He married 
Miss Sarah Alcorn, of near Saltsburg, Pa., and 
eight children were born unto them, of whom 
five sons and one daughter are living. Mrs. 
Clawson's father, Michael Alcorn, came from 
Ireland to near Saltsburg, Pa , at thirteen years 
of age, and was a firm believer in the teachings 
of the Prt'sbyteriiin church. 

O. J. Clawson was reared on a farm, educated 
in the common schools and Saltsburg academy, 
and in 18G2 removed to Illinois, where he was 
engaged in merchandising for twelve years. In 
1S7;5 he returned to his native county and was 
engaged for seven years in business at Ileleiui, 
a station on the W. P. railway. In l(S7t) he 
removed to Greensburg, and successfully engaged 
in his present large and prosperous wholesale 
and retail grocery and tob;icco trade. His 
cstabli.shnieut is amjde in size, well airanged, 

and heavily stocked with a fine as.sortment of 
staple and fancy groceries and choice tobaccos 
and segars. Mr. Clawson owns real estate in 
Bell township, besides considerable real estate in 
and around Cireensburg. He is president of the 
Westmoreland Mutual Insurance Company and 
Iiis business interests are chiefly in this county. 
He is an active and successful business man, 
honorable and fair in all his dealings, and is 
especiidly deserving of the success he has 

ATRICK CONDON, a resident of Greens- 
burg and a soldier in the Army ui' the 
Potomac, from Falling Waters and Hull 
Run to Appomato.x Court-House, was born in 
County Limerick, Ireland, in 1840, and is a son of 
John and Catherine (O'Connor) Coiulon. His 
paternal grandfather was a native of Ireland, 
Avhere he was extensively engaged in farming. 
His farm is now managed by one of his sons. 
John Condon (father) was a drover and farmer in 
Ireland, wiiere he dealt in fat cattle and man- 
aged a large farm. He came to the L'nited 
States ill 1844, became a railway foreman, and 
eventually moved to Canada, where he pur- 
chased a farm near St. Thomas, in Belgian 
county, upon which he resided until his death, 
wdiich occurred in 1856. He was an active and 
successful business man. His wife was Cather- 
ine O'Connor, a daughter of William O'Connor, 
who was a wealthy farmer in Ireland, and held 
some position under the British government. 
Mr. and jNIrs. Condon were the parents of five 
sons and six daughters, of whom seven are 

I'atrick Condon was brought by his j)arents 
to America in 1844. After his father's death 
he worked on the farm for three years, when his 
mother removed to Clinton county. Pa., where 
she carried on the farm business until 1863. 
In April, 1S61, Mr. Condon enlisted in the 
Union army. He was a uienibei' of Co. B, 



eleventh Ueg. Pa. Vols., fought in the fust 
battle of the war, served a tliree-nmntlis lerni, 
was proninteil to eorporal, and rc-enlisicd fir 
three years. When his sceund Icrni ol cnlisl- 
liient was init ho eiiiisled again at ('niar Moun- 
tain, and served until iSe|iteniber, IbG.'), when 
he was honorably discharged. lie fought in 
eighteen battles, besides being in numerous 
skirmishes, and was wounded in the left arm in 
front of Petersburg while on skirmish duty at 
night. He kept a diary while out in the army 
and recorded the daily events of his military 
life. After the close of the Avar he engaged for 
several years in carpentering and lumbering, but 
was obliged to quit that business on account of 
his wounded arm In 1881 he opened his pres- 
ent billiard parlor at (ireensbui'g. 

In 1881 Mr. Condon married Mary Brannon, 
who died in 1883 of consumption, by whom he 
had two children : Catharine J. and Mary B., 
the firmer died when eight days old, the latter 
still lives. His second vife was Mary A. All- 
britian, who bore him one child, a son, John iS. 
Mrs. Condon and her child both died of typhoid 
fever in 1886, and Mr. Condon in 1888 mar- 
ried his third wife, Elizabeth Dehart, who has 
also one daughter living, Maggie Ij. Dehart. 
She is of a very old and respected family of 

In ])olitics Mv. Condon is not a strict party 
man. lie is a member of the Catiiolic church 
of Greensburg. lie is energetic and enterpris- 
ing, and has accumulated considerable means, 
anil a man who always lives uj) to his word. 

|YIIUS P. COPE, the popular proprietor 
of the Grant House, of Greensburg, and 
a lineal descendant of Oliver Cope, who 
came over with William I'enn in lt!81, is a son 
of George and Anna Mary (Eisaman) Cope, and 
was born eight miles southwest of Greensburg, 
in Hem])field township, Westmoreland county. 
Pa., June 30, 1838. The Cope family of West- 

moreland county trace their ancestry back to 
Oliver Cope, who came over with William i'enn 
in l(i81, in which year he erected in Chester 
county his hig house, still standing in 1)SI)3. 
One of his ilcsi'ciidalits was lliii paternal graliij- 
father of the subject of this sketch, who was a 
native of Lancaster. county, Pa, He married 
Susan Snyder and r(in(jved to Westmoreland 
county at an early day. He wa.i an industrious 
and thrifty (.Quaker and cleared out a large and 
valuable farm. George Cope (father) was born 
on the home farm in ITl'T and died in 1841. 
He followed farming and wagoning on the old 
pike. He was a man of energy and push and 
had accumulated considerable property at the 
time of his death. He was a democrat, a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran church, and married Anna 
Jlary Eisaman, daughter of Michael Eisaman, 
by whom he had six children : Henry, of 
Manor Station ; Maria, wife of Jacob Long, 
who died about 1874 ; Annie, wife of Eli Heck ; 
Catherine and George M., who died at an early 
age, and Cyrus P. 

Cyrus P. Cope attended the common schools 
and Mt. Pleasant college. Leaving college, he 
taught school for some time and then made an 
extended tour of the " West." Returning to 
this county he was engaged in the stock busi- 
ness at Greensburg for about twenty years. He 
ran the Eagle Hotel, of Pittsburg, for one year, 
and in 1868 opened the Grant House, of Greens- 
burg, which he has successfully conducted ever 
since. His hotid is eligibly located on the 
corner of Pittsburg street and Pennsylvania 

He united in marriage on November 3, 1869, 
with Sarah J. Cribbs, a daughter of Capt. 
George Cribbs (see sketch of C. Cribbs.) Their 
children are: Laura B., Abbio A., Elma J., 
James II., Harry E., Horace C, Vitor, George, 
llilliard C, Anna Mary, Boy Thomas and 
Oscar M. Mrs. Cope's mother was a great- 
granddaughter of Beatrice (Guldin) Byerly, who 
was born in Canton Berne, Switzerland, the 


lioiiio of ('(il. 15(1111(1101, " wlio csaiped I'oiiliiic's 
confedcrutcii ami bore her teiulcr balies tlirougli 
the ■wilderness (at night) from Bushy Kun to 
Ft. Li"onicr in 17()3, and who was a blessing 
to huiidrods of i)ionoer settlers by her deeds of 
Christian eharity. 

In politics Mr. Cope is a republican, lie is 
a member of the Second Evangelical church of 
Greensburg, and Centennial Lodge, No. 100, 
A. 0. U. W. 

DCAR COWAN, L.L.D., a Senator in 
Congress, and one who lived a life emi- 
nently useful, highly honorable and patri- 
otic, was the most distinguished man in political 
public life that Westmoreland county ever pro- 
duced. Senator Cowan was on the maternal 
side of Scotch-Irish extraction, and was born in 
Sewickley townshij), Westmoreland county. Pa., 
September 19, 1S15. The immigrant, Hugh 
Cowan, settled at an early day in Chester county. 
Pa., where Captain William Cowan, tlie grand- 
father of the Senator, was born on Christmas 
day, 1740. He was a man of large stature and 
vigorous menial jiowers and served us a captain 
iu tlie Revolutionary war. 

In the family of liis grandfather Edgar 
Cowan passed the early years of his cliiidliood. 
Senator Cowan owed nothing to birtli or fortune 
to fit him for 11 is distinguis]ie<l career in after-life, 
but he had an uniiueiichable thirst lor know- 
ledge, and during boyhood read every book lie 
could obtain. At .sixteen years of age lie went 
to Allegheny county, Pa., where he taught 
school for six months, then engaged for a time in 
rough carpenter work, help build the West New- 
ton bridge and ran a keel-boat, w hereby he earned 
a little money and entered Greensburg academy. 
Completing the academy course, he taught several 
terms of school, and in 1838 entered Franklin 
college, Ohio, from which he graduated in 1839, 
as valedictorian of his class. In 1871 his alma 
mati'i- conferred upon him the degree of L.L.D. 

He read law with Hon. lluiiiy 0. Foster, and 
was admitted to the Westmoreland county bar in 
February, 1842. He opened an oflice at Greens- 
burg, where his commanding talents and superior 
leal attainments soon secured him a large and lu- 
crative practice. He was always employed in 
the most important cases which came before the 
courts, and was generally successful in the suits 
he brouglit or defended, although often opposed 
by the best legal talent of the State. In 1855 
he made a most masterly defence of Ward and 
Gibson, who were indicted for murder, and by 
his consummate skill, great eloquence, and ex- 
tensive knowledge of criminal law secured an 
acquittal, where nothing but conviction was ex- 
pected and demanded by the public. In the suc- 
ceeding year he prosecuted Corigan for murder 
and secured a verdict for conviction, although 
the prisoner was ably and stubbornly defended 
by Hon. Henry D. Foster and Col. Samuel 
Black, of Pittsburg. 

Specially qualified by natural ability and well 
fitted by a classical education and a thorough 
knowledge of constitutional law for political lead- 
ership, he soon became cons]iicuous as a speaker 
at ))olitical meetings in his own county. He was 
originally a Jackson democrat but joined the 
wliigs in 1840, and in 1850 supported "Fre- 
mont in preference to Fillmore and Buchanan, 
the former of whom represented know-nothing- 
ism, and the hitter indilVerentisin to the extension 
of slavery into the territories." In 18G0, on 
account of the Kansas troubles, he united with 
the conservative republicans and was elector on 
the Lincoln and Hamlin ticket. In January, 
18(il, Edgar Cowan was elected to the United 
States Senate, taking his seat on the fourth of 
March, 1801. In view of the war he laid down 
for his own guidance five rules from wliicli he 
never swerved : 

1. That the North should not violate the con- 
stitution in coercing the South. 

2. That there were two elements to be concili- 
ated; the Democratic party in the Free States, 


and tlie Union men of the Bonier and Confed- 
erate States. 

3. That Congress shuuhl confine itself to pro- 
viding siiflieient revenue and raising iirniies. 

4. That the war should be wagi'cl ucconling to 
the rules of civilized warfare. 

5. That the war was made to suppress a re- 
bellion and not to make a conquest of the Con- 
federate States. In pursuance of these rules he 
spoke and voted against legal tender, confisca- 
tion, national banks, tenure of oflice, reconstruc- 
tion, Freedmen's Bureau and civil rights. He 
also opposed test oaths and negro suffrage. lie 
was the author of the $300 clause in the conscrip- 
tion act, and by having the Steubenville bridge 
raised prevented the destruction of the lumber 
and coal trade of western Pennsylvania on the 
Ohio river. Wlien elected to the senate he was 
unknown except in south-western Pennsylvania, 
but he was soon recognized at 'Washington city 
as a leading lawyer, a fine classical scholar, and 
as fully abreast in science and philosoi)liy with 
the best thought of the time. His speeches were 
earnest, elo(juent and logical, and he was soon 
known throughout the land as one of the intel- 
lectual giants of the United States senate. In 
describing Mr. Cowan, the poet, N. P. Willis, 
said: "Of his powerfully proportioned frame 
and finely-chiseled features, the Senator seemed 
as naturally unconscious as of his singular readi- 
ness ami univelsul irudiliun." I le widl niain- 
laiiicd llui prcsligo mid Imnor of I'eiinsylvania 
and the press throughout liio Union during his 
seiiatunal career sjioke in the highest terms of 
him as a uian of great ability, wonderful elo- 
quence, earnest conviction and noble indepen- 
dence. When "his senatorial term ended in 
18ti7, he returned to Greensburg and was en- 
gaged for several years in the practice of his 

In 1842 Senator Cowan married Lucy Oliver, 
daughter of Col. James B. Oliver, of West New- 
ton, who died in 1873 at the advanced age of 
ninety-three. To Senator and Mrs. Cowan were 

born three children : Elizabeth, widow of J. J. 
llazlett, who was a member of the Oreensburg 
bar; Dr. Frank Cowan, a member of the bar 
and a ])iiysician, an author of several works of 
high literary merit and a gentleman of extensive 
scientific attainments, a world's traveler who has 
made the circuit of the globe and James B. 0., 
whose sketch is given in this volume. 

On August 31, 1885, his spirit passed calmly 
and peacefully from earth. In the old St. Clair 
cemetery at Greensburg is a plain but costly 
monument, on one side of which is the simple 
inscription — Edgar Cowan. Nothing more is 
needed, for his ability, integrity, courage and 
patriotism has written his epitaph in the mem- 
ories of the jieople of his native county for all 
time to come, and the story of his life has 
passed into the history of his country. 

'I' AMES B. 0. COWAN, of Greensburg, 
'l' is the second son and youngest cliild of 
(jj the late Senator Edgar Cowan (whose 
sketch appears at length in this volume), and 
was born in Greensburg, Westmoreland county. 
Pa., October 2, 1840. His mother, Lucy 
(Oliver) Cowan, was a daughter of (''ol. James B. 
Oliver, a prominent citizen of West Newton. 
James B. 0. Cowan was reared at Greensburg, 
receiving his education in the public schools of 
his native town ami in Greensburg academy, 
which was chartered in 1810. After leaving 
school he worked at tlie '' art preservative of all 
arts" in the printing oflice of the Greensburg 
Democrat, and for several years engaged in the 
pursuit of his trade at Greensburg, working on 
the Democrat and several other papers. lie did 
not engage permanently in the printing business 
or take control of any paper, as a large portion 
of his time and labor was re(iuired for the 
management of his father's farm. For the last 
ten years of the life of his father (who was nearly 
blind) he was his constant companion, doin'T' 
nearly all his reading, writing and oflice work. 


III 1803, wlieii L(ie invaik'il reiiiisylvaiiiu iind 
tlie Coiift'dorutu cavalry leader, Cicii. Juliii II. 
Morgan, was on a raid through Indiana and 
Ohio, Gov. Curtin called for oO,UO(J men to de- 
fend the State. Among the first to respond to 
the call was Mr. Cowan, who enlisted in Co. C. 
(raised in Greensbnrg), fifty-fourth regiment, 
State Militia, and was elected corporal. The 
fifty-fourth regiment was organized in Pittsburg 
July 4, 1803, and aided materially in Morgan's 
capture; it helped to guard the fords of the Ohio 
river between (.)liio and West Virginia, at some 
of which Morgan had hoped to escape into West 
Virginia. Near Warrenton the Confederate 
chieftain tried the position of the fifty-fourth 
regiment, but did not deem it prudent to ven- 
ture an attack. After participating in this 
short campaign, that terminated with the capture 
of Morgan, Mr. Cowan returned with his com- 
pany to Pittsburg, where he was honorably 
mustered out of the service August 17, 1803. 
Mr. Cowan, who is a pleasant, sociable and in- 
telligent gentleman, devotes the most of his time 
to the supervision and improvement of the home 

'f L. CRAWFORD, U. D. The medical 
t profession is one of the most important 
(^ professions of tlie world, and in the his- 
tory of medical jiractitioners as a cralt it is a 
matter of record that numy of them are specially 
qualified, entertain an enthusiastic love for their 
noi)le calling and arc oniiut'nlly successt'ul in the 
practice of medicine. Of this worthy class of 
physicians is Dr. J. L. Crawford, of Greensburg, 
who was a brave ollicer in the Army of the Po- 
tomac and is a leading physician and surgeon of 
Westmoreland county. lie was born near 
Marchand, in North Mahoning township, Pa., 
October 20, 1842, and is a son of Allen and 
Nancy (Brown) Crawford. Allen Crawford, son 
of Moses Crawford, was born in 1804 near 
Centerville, in the Ligonier valley. lie was 
reared on a farm and received only a meager 

education, which that period and the surrounding 
circumstances would allow his j)arcnts to give 
him. lie followed farming and lumbering, lie 
was a member of the I'resbyterian church, a 
democrat in politics, a straightforward, thorough- 
going man in Ijusiness ami died in 1872. Ilia 
wife was Nancy Brown, of Indiana county. Pa. 
They had nine children, four sons and five 
daughters, of whom the daughters are all dead. 

Dr. J. L. Crawford received his literary edu- 
cation in the common schools and Marion and 
Indiana academies. Leaving school, he served 
four years in the Army of the Potomac. In 
1808 he entered the ollicc of Dr. Alter, at Par- 
nassus, and read medicine, lie attended one 
course of lectures at Michigan University and in 
18G'J matriculated in Jefferson Medical college, 
at Philadelijhia, frotn which time-honored insti- 
tution he was graduated March 7. 1808. After 
graduating he went to Saltsburg, Indiana county, 
Pa., where he practiced me<licine until 1875, 
when he entered Belle View Hospital, New York 
city, and remained one year in the study of spe- 
cial subjects in surgery and anatomy. In 1870 
he removed to Greensburg, where he has been 
actively engaged in the successful practice of his 
profession ever since. 

In 1808 Dr. Crawford was married to Zeruiah 
Griflith, of East Mahoning, and after her death 
in 1872 he was married June 4, 1884, to Mary 
Baer, daughter of Adam Baer, of (Jreensburg. 

Dr. J. L. Crawford, at nineteen years of age, 
enlisted as a private in Co. A, sixty-first ret. 
Pa. ^^)ls., August 21, 1801. lie was shot in 
the left arm at "'Pair Oaks" May 31, 1802, and 
was honorably discharged on account of his 
wound. After remaining at home for a year he 
re-enlistcd May 7, 1803, as second lieutenant of 
second Pa. rcgt., and was wounded in the side. 
His third enlistment was as second lieutenant of 
Co. C, thirty-second regt., IT. S. C. T. He en- 
listed September 7, 18G1, and was wounded in 
the right foot. In 1864 he became adjutant of 
200th Pa. Vols, and was struck in the left shoulder 





by a rifle ball. The close of the war brought 
his eventful military career to an end. lie had 
enlisted four tiiiie.^, held four eommissions and 
was wounded in four diftercnt fights. lie was 
honorably mustered out of the service June -5, 

Ur. Crawford is an ardent republican and 
takes an active part in political campaigns. He 
served as pension examiner under President 
Arthur's administration and was recently re-ap- 
pointed to that position. He owns a large and 
■extensive library, whoso choice volumes treat of 
<;very department of medicine and extend be- 
yond professional subjects into the domain of 
science and art. He frequently attends the 
leading medical schools of the United States for 
a few days at a time in order to familiarize him- 
self with their latest teachings and discoveries. 
Active, vigilant and progressive, he stands in 
the front rank of the medical profession of south- 
western Pennsylvania and enjoys a large and ex- 
tensive practice. He is an extensive contribu- 
tor to medical journals and some of his articles 
have been widely copied. His military record is 
an enviable one. His comrades in arms bear 
testimony that as an officer he was popular with 
his men and never asked them to go where he 
dared not lead.; that as a soldier he was faithful 
in the discharge of duty and in time of battle 
was always fiund in the thickest of the dcatli- 
ful fray, and tluit he was one of the bravest of 
the many brave soldiers which Westmoreland 
county sent into the field during the late war. 
i'r. .). jj. (hauliird has licen called upon at dif- 
ferent limes to address public assemblages an<l 
has always acquitted himself with credit. Several 
of his Decoration day orations are said to be 
modt'ls in style and thought. 

ellRISTOPHEIl CRIBBS, registerai. . re- 
corder of Westmoreland county and a pop- 
ular and obliging public ollicial, is a sou of 
the lule Cap! (ieorgeand Jane (Skelly) Crihhs, 

and was born at Cribbs " Old Stand," Hemp- 
field township, Westmoreland cuunty, Pa., De- 
cember 30, 1S47. The Cribbs family traces its 
ancestry back to Alsace-Lorraine, now a west 
province of»Liermany and known as Elsas-Loth- 
ringen. Christopher Cribbs' (great-grandfather), 
Lieut. John (hibhs, served in the Revolutionary 
war and was killed at St. Clair's defeat, Novem- 
ber 4, 179L His paternal grandfather, Chris- 
topher Cribbs, was a native of Ilempfield town- 
ship, a j)ottfr by trade, and niai'ried Mary M. 
Silvis. His maternal grandfather was William 
Skelly, of Adamsburg, Pa., who was born in 
Ireland and emigrated to America when about 
12 years of age. He was a member of Capt. 
Markle's infantry company of Westmoreland 
county, which served in the war of lbl2. Mr. 
Skelly was called out, but resigned on account of 
ill health, and his place was taken by his brother- 
in-law, Joseph Byerly. William Skelly married 
Mary Byerly, daughter of Jacob Byerly, who had 
served three years in the Revolutionary war and 
whose father, Andrew Byerly, was one of Col. 
Bouquet's scouts at " Bushy Run." Andrew 
Byerly was one of 18 scouts sent out on the 
morning of that battle, and was one of but six 
who were not killed. He married Beatrice 
Guldiii, who came from Canton Berne, Switzer- 
land, which was the birth-place of Col. Bou(juet. 
Cajit. (leorge Cribbs (father) Avas born on the 
Cribbs homestead, April 15, 1820. When the 
late civil war broke out he was among the first 
to respond to President Lincoln's call for troojjs. 
He w;is conimissioMt'il captain of Co. 1, eleventh 
Pa. Vols., August 21, 18(il, which was re- 
cruited at Greensburg and mustered into the ser- 
vice at Ilarrisburg, Pa., September 20, 18G1. 
Capt. Cribbs participated in the battles of Cedar 
Mountain, August 9, 18G2, Rappahannock 
Station, August 21, 18G2, Thoroughfare Gap, 
August 21, 18G2, and was mortally wounded at 
Second Bull Run, August 30, 18G2. He died 
at Columbia Collegia Hospital, Washington City, 
September 20, 18G2. Capt. George Cribbs was 


a good oilicer, a brave soldier and one wlio never 
feared danger. He left a reeord' of which his 
country may be justly i)roud, i\s it is nndimnied 
by a single net nidifc-oniing a liravc olllcer or a 
consiHli'lit cliiircli nicniluT, imd liit< n:uiU' will 
live li>rever in the history of Westmoreland 
county. Capt. Crihbs was married September 
4, 1845, to Jane Skelly, of Adamsburg, Pa. 
They were the parents of eight ehildren, two 
sons and six daughters, of whom one son and 
three daughters are living : Aliee, who married 
Capt. J. N. Thomas, and after his death became 
the wife of U. G. Kemp ; Sarah J., wife of 
Cyrus Cope, proprietor of the Grant Hotel at 
Greensburg; Amelia E., wife of Samuel 
Kumbaugh, and Christopher. Capt. Cribbs and 
bis wife are both highly respected members of 
the Second Lutheran church of Greensburg. 

Christopher Cribbs received his education in 
the common schools of Ilcmpfield township and 
Greensburg. Leaving the school room, he began 
life for himself He engaged in the livery busi- 
ness for a short time, when he disposed of his 
livery interest. From 1872 to 1879 he was a 
tobacconist on Main and Pittsburg streets in 
Greensburg. In 1881 he was a candidate on 
the republican ticket for register and recorder, 
and was defeated for the nomination by 27 votes ; 
in 1885 was a candidate for prothonotary but 
was again defeated at the republican primary 
election. In 1882 he became a United States 
storekeejier, apjiointed January 25, 1882; 
served in that capacity until ^Lu•cll 25, 1888, 
at which time he became Internal Revenue 
storekeeper and ganger. This assignment was 
revoked Ajiril 24, 188(1, and Mr. Crihhs relieved 
May 1, 188G, having served 4 years, 2 months 
and 27 days. In 1887 he was the nominee of 
the Republican party for register and recorder of 
Westmoreland county and was elected, receiving 
the largest majority of any candidate on the re- 
publican ticket. On September 4, 1872, Mr. 
Cribbs was married to Amanda x\nn Potteiger, 
daughter of John Potteiger, of Lebanon county. 

Pa. Tliey had three chihlren, of whom two are 
living: John JOvans, horn April 1, 187-i, and 
Warren C, September 20, 1H78. Mrs. Cribbs 
<lied June 111, 1885, and on New Years Day, 
188',t, Mr. Crililis was united in njai'riagc to 
Mary 15. McKean, daugluer of Samuel Mc- 
Kean, of Belle Vernon, Fayette county. Pa. 

Christopher Cribbs is a member of Westmore- 
land Lodge, No. 8411, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows; Protection Council, No. 11, Chosen 
Friends ; Greensburg Council, No. 82, Junior 
Order of United American Mechanics ; Lodge 
No. 100, Ancient Order of Unite<l Workmen ; 
and General Coulter Camp, No. 37, Sons of 
Veterans. Mr. Cribbs has always been a re- 
publican, and was qualified by twenty years of 
experience f)r register and recorder. His suc- 
cessful management of the office is evidence suf- 
ficient of his ability to fill any important county 
office. He is a popular and jhliging public of- 
ficial and is a meiuher of the First Reformed 
church of (ireensburg. 

prominent and successful dentist of 

«i^ Greensburg, was born near Pleasant 
Unity, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, 
May 30, 1859, and is a son of Alexander Cul- 

Alexander Culhertson, an excellent sur- 
veyor and a {U'ominent citizen of Westmoreland 
county, died March 21, 1871. He was reared 
on a farm, where he was inured to bard labor 
and became well trained in the management of 
farming. His education was necessarily limited, 
as the schools of his time only furnished an 
elementary but practical course of instruction. 
Leaving school to engage in farming, be still 
kept up his study of mathematics and in a short 
time he commenced to learn surveying, in which 
he made rapid progress and soon became an 
efficient surveyor. He was afterwards employed 
by the United States Government to make sur- 

wjjsTMoJiiiLAM) coiwrr. 


vcys ill llie tlicii ti'i-ritiiry of Miiiiicscita. Ac- 
coiiiii;iiii(.il by liis liiollioi', lio roilo down tlio 
Ohio river in a roiij^'li caiioo and ascondud tlie 
" Fatlicr (if Walcra " to liis apjiciinli'd lit'ld of 
oporationH in llic same niilc cralt. On tli(! Min- 
nesotian plains and prairirH, he spcnl, t\v<j yeans 
in making (jovernnient surveys. Mr. Oullieit- 
son, while engaged in western surveying, never 
neglected his landed interests in his native 
county. Returning home, lie engaged in farm- 
ing and general business, whereby he accumu- 
lated considerable property. To him belongs 
the credit of being the first man who drilled fur 
salt water at Pleasant Unity. lie was a life- 
long member as well as an earnest advocate of 
the principles of the Republican party% and was 
a ruling elder for many years of Unity Presby- 
terian church which was founded IMarch 1, 
1774. During the late civil war he was among 
the most active engaged in recruiting troops for 
the Union service, in which his oldest son Ed- 
ward served as a private. 

George Gulbertson attended the common 
schools and finished his education in ureens- 
burg academy. At sixteen years of age he 
went to Gidenburg, Clarion county, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he was engaged for some time as 
engineer at the oil wells in that county. 

In 1876 he was one of the great throng of visi- 
tors to Philadelphia at the " Centennial." During 
the winter of the last-named year he was em- 
ployed as a clerk by Joseph Taylor of Greens- 
burg. In the spring of 1877 Mr. Culberlsun 
removed to Missouri, where lieeng;iged in farm- 
ing with Foster Lightcap. Early in 1880 he 
and his brother Griflin went into the adjoining 
State of Nebraska, where they had charge of a 
large sheep ranch until the fall of 1881. In 
October of that year George Culbertson returned 
to Greensburg, where, on the first of November, 
1881, he entered as a dental student the office 
of Dr. J. S. Waughanian, now of Pittsburg. 
In September, 188"J, he entered the Philadel- 
phia Dental college and attended during the 

winlcr term. lie spent the Mininier of 1883 
in jiraclice willi T. L. Smith, M. D., of Unity, 
and returned in the fall of the same year to the 
Piiiladelphia Dental college, from which lie was 
graduated in l''cliniaiy, JSHl. Soon ai'lrr hi.s 
graduation he established himself at Greens- 
bui'g, where he continued successfully in the 
practice of dentistry up to the jnesent time. 
His dental parlors are well i'uniished and 
equipjjcd with everything ])ertainiiig to a first- 
class dental office. 

In June, 1883, he was married to Jennie S. 
Smith, a daughter of William Smith, of i'leas- 
aiit Unity. To their union have been born two 
sons : William Smith born, August 5, 1884, and 
Alexander Edward, January 19, 1888; Mrs. 
Culbertson was born January 19, 1859, and is a 
consistent member of the Presbyterian church. 

Dr. Culbertson is a member of the Greens- 
burg Presbyterian church. 

J. CURNS, who has been a successful 
contractor in stone and wood-work for 
over thirty-five years in Canada and the 
U^nited States, was born in the beautiful valley 
of Pine Creek, in Pine Creek township, Clinton 
county, Pa., February 1, 1833, and is a son of 
John R. and Jane \Vhite (Henry) Curns. His 
grandfather, James Curns, was born in Lancas- 
ter, but settled in what is now Clinton county, 
this State. He was a farmer, and married 
Margaret Davis of Scotland, whose father was 
Henry Davis. Her mother's maiden name was 
Foi'd. One of their children was John R. 
Curns, who was born on Chartiers run, Novem- 
ber ~S, 1811, and was killed by the fall of a 
derrick on the Lewisburg bridge on October l(j, 
18G8. He was a stone contractor and bridge 
builder. He was an open-handed, warm- 
hearted man, went out of his way to oblige his 
neighbors, and was always jirorainent in all 
matters of importance in his community. Ho 
was a large man physically, and belonged to the 


Wliig party, but before liis dcatb became a 
iloiiiDCrat. lie was a leading Odd l'\dli]\v, and 
in 1S:!0, niarricd Jane W., dauglilcr (if Kdhcit 
iind Aniiii (I,(jvc) Henry. .Mr. (Jnns bad 
twelve ebililren, (if \sii(jrn (jne sun and one 
daugbter died. Five suns and five daugliters 
are living: INIary E., living in California; La- 
vina J., wife uf Mr. Myers, of Fort Scott, Kan- 
sas ; Nancy M-, wlio married a Mr. Smitb ; 
Margaret A., wife of Mr. Strayer, of Howles- 
burg, Oliio ; Alice A., at borne with hermotber ; 
Thomas II. and Robert A., contractors at Fort 
Scott, Kansas; John M., who is a successful 
real estate agent at Winfield, Kansas ; Samuel 
M. and R. J. Mrs. Curns was born February 
22, 1809, and still retains all ber mental facul- 
ties unimpaired. 

R. J. Curns attended the common schools 
until fourteen years of age, and then learned 
the trade of stone-cutting with bis fatlier. For 
several years, during the rafting season lie took 
contracts and ran large rafts of timber from 
Rockland to Marietta,, on the Susquehanna 
river. He soon became an extensive contractor 
in Canada and the " Middle States." He 
built the Welland canal in Canada, Lock No. 

4, above Charleston, on the Kanawha river in 
West Virginia, and many railroad bridges and 
jails. At the ]iresent time he is engaged in 
erecting forty dwelling bouses at Jeannette for 

5. Macaniont. In 188G be removed to Greens- 
burg, where he has resided ever since. Mr. 
Curns is a republican from princijile, attends 
tlie Presbyterian church, of wbieli bis family 
arc mcmliers, and is a member of several secret 

On March 10, 1858, he was married to Mary 
E., only daughter of Tillman Roucb,of Rouch's 
Gap, Pa. Tbey have tliree sons and three 
daughters: Ada Jeannette, teacher of music; 
George B., who is a stone cutter in St. Louis, 
Mo.; Sallie J., engaged in the millinery busi- 
ness ; ^laud B., nuisic teacher ; Clyde C, who 
is engaged in stone and bridge business ; and 

Tillman Russei, attending school. Mrs. Curns 
was burn in December, 1 M.'!l), and was c<hicate(l 
at DiiK'esiin setiiinary at Houclitown, whicli was 
named in liunur uf iier fnlhcr. 

K. J. (!nii]H is a jnactiral Htuiiocutter, [lus- 
sesses good judgment, understands thoroughly 
stone and wood work, and has been successful 
in bis business of contractintj. 

>k EORGE W. D ATZ. One of the many en- 
\^ terprising young business men of Greens- 
'i* burg is George W. Datz, carriage and 
wagon manufacturer and dealer in carriaces, 
buggies and spring wagons. 

lie was born on the old Datz homestead farm 
in Penn township, Westmoreland county. Pa., 
August 30, 1862, and is a son of John and Rose 
(Greaninger) Datz. Jacob Datz (grandfather) 
was a farmer in Gernniny, where he was born. 
He married Catherine Keber, who bore bim 
three sons and one daughter. One of these sons 
was John Datz (father), wlio was born in Riiein, 
Prussia, May 20, 1825. He emigrated from 
Germany to tliis country in 1849. Shortly after 
arriving in the United States he removed to 
Penn township, tins county, where he was en- 
gaged for many years in market-gardening and 
truck-farming. Ho has now retired from busi- 
ness of all kinds. He is a democrat in politics 
and a member of the Second Reformed church. 
He was a member of a cavalry company in Ger- 
many, and to avoid serving in the Revolution, 
then threatening in that country, he left home, 
where be was on furlough, and came to America. 
At New York city he became acquainted with 
Rose Greaninger, whom he married in a short 
time. Tbey had eleven children, of whom ten 
are living. Mrs. Datz is a daughter of Benja- 
min Greaninger, who was a founder by trade. 
George W. Datz was reared on bis father's farm 
in Penn township, where he attended the com- 
mon schools until be was seventeen years of ace.. 
Leaving school, he came to Greensburg, where 


lie leaniod the trudc of carriage iruiker with liis 
brother, who is now in I'ittsl)urg. lie worked 
for seven years at his trade and then purehased 
tiie eiirriii;j;o works of the iaie .Iiiiues Sleuail. 
These lie relitled, eiilaij^i'tl, and has siieeessfidly 
opeiateil over since. 

G. W. Datz is an earnest democrat and a 
member of the Union Order of United American 
Meclianics and the Reformed churcli. His car- 
riage and >Yagon manufacturing establishment is 
at No. 85 West Otterman street, opposite Har- 
rison avenue. He employs seven to eight men, 
and in addition to his regular manufacturing 
operates a repairing department, in which special 
and prompt attention is given to all kimls of 
work in that line. JMr. Datz tlioroughly under- 
stands his business and has a good tiade in 
Greensburg and in Westmoreland and adjoining 

•jpOHN L. DAA^DSON, a popular justice of 
I the peace and a leading citizen of Ludwick 
(2/ borough, is a son of Samuel and Hannah 
(Christman) Davidson, and was born near 
Madison, in Sewickley township, Westmoreland 
county, Pa., January 27, 183(3. The David- 
sons are of English descent. Their progenitor 
in the United States was Uev. Robert Davidson, 
who emigrated to this country from Knglaud 
prior to the Revolution and located at I'hihidel- 
phia, I'a., where he died in 17S4. He was a 
minister of the gos|>el, but iif wliiit ])ersuasion or 
denomination is not known to the writer. His 
wife and two children — Elizabeth and Jacob — 
who survived him, moved to Hunnnclstown, I'a., 
soon after, where the niolher ilied, leaving the 
children helpless and destitiile. Elizabeth, on 
reaching maturity, married Robert AVright, and 
migrated with him to Montgi^mcry county, Ohio. 
Jacob Davidson, the younger of tjie two chil- 
dren, was apprenticed to a German ov Duteh- 
8i)eaking iliinily named Ncisly, and after serving 
them several years lie learned the burr-making 

and millwrighting business. Jacob Davidson 
was born in riiihidelphia in 17M1, ami died April 
ir>, 18."i0. He was married to Mary Voiing, 
daughti'r of I'eler and Salome Voiuig, of l,;in- 
easler eonnly, I'a., in IHDii, and soon after \vitli 
liis wife came to Westmoreland county, locating 
on Jiig Sewickley creek, at the place known later 
as Funk's Mill, and now as Apple's Mill, which 
is near West Newton. He at once busied him- 
self in erecting a mill at that point, at which 
place he remained until 1812, when he purchased 
a farm near Madison, then owned by Alexander 
Campbell. In 1832 he sold this homestead to 
his son Samuel, in whose ownership it remained 
more than half a century. Jacob then bought 
the land on which the borough of Madison now 
stands of Henry G. Spayth, which he afterward 
sold to James and John McAyeal in 183.J, and 
then moving to a farm which he purchased near 
Brownsville, Fayette county, I'a., and residing 
there the remainder of his life. He was an un- 
tiring laborer, following his trade of burr-niak- 
iniT continuously, and supplied mills on the 
western slope of the Alleghenies with mill stones 
of his manufacture, some of which are still to be 
seen, if not in actual use. He was also a minis- 
ter of the gospel, preaching as opportunity pre- 
sented itself, and assisted in holding the General 
Conference of the United Rrethren church at or 
near Mt. Pleasant in 181,0. Samuel Davidson 
was born January 30, 1807, and was married to 
Hannah, daughter of Jacob and Anna Christ- 
man, of near Mt. Pleasant, in the year 1827. 
To them were born si.x children : Mary, married 
to George Miller, and died in 1874; Elizabeth, 
wife of James M. Milligan, of Sewickley town- 
ship (see his sketch); Jacob (!., of Greensburg ; 
John L., Sarah J., wife of J5. F. Phillijis, of 
Searights, Fayette county, Pa.; and Henry, 
who died at the age of five years. Samuel was 
a farmer by occupation during the greater part 
of his life. He was industrious, frugal and hon- 
est, strongly attached to the jirinciples of morality 
and reli;rion, a member of the United Rrethren 



church and a leading citizen in the conmiunity. 
He died July 18, 1883. 

.Toliii L. Davidson grew up on tlie I'arni, ac- 
customed to industry and the toil of farm life, 
just prior to the general use of modern machi- 
nery, when lalior was more fatiguing than now. 
He received his educational training in the com- 
mon schools and normal schools, and later in Mt. 
Pleasant college. Before the close of his school 
days he engaged in teaching, continuing in that 
profession until after his marriage, when he en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits, and was postmaster 
at Madison from 18(j2 until 1869. Removing 
to Ludwick in 1871, he taught in the borough 
schools, and again embarked in the hardware 
and grocery business in Greunsburg for a number 
of years. After retiring from that occupation he 
resumed his chosen profession, and is tlius en- 
gaged now in the schools of Ludwick. 

On July 4, 1800, he was married at Pittsburg 
by the Rev. William JI. Paxton to Mary Jane 
Evans, daughter of the late William Evans, of 
Hempfield township. Four children were born 
to them, only one of whom, Maggie M., is living. 
The family arc all members of the United Breth- 
ren churcii at (ireensburg. In politics he has 
always been a republican, has served as justice 
of the peace, and is always interested in any 
enterprise calculated to morally benefit the com- 
munity in which he lives. 

P. DEEMER, A. M., an experienced 
and able educator, and soldier of the 
late war, was born in Ilemplield township, 
Westmoreland county. Pa., August "23, 1837. 
He is a son of Andrew and Sarah ((uessinger) 
Deemer. The Doemcrs are among the oldest 
settlers of the county and are of German de- 
scent. John Deemer (grandfather) was born in 
Hempfield township. He was a tall, powerful 
man, yet he was very quiet and unassuming. 
One of his sons, Andrew Decuier, was born June 
y, 1^00. He was a cabinet-maker and was very 

successful as a business man. He was a democrat 
of the strongest kind, wliile in religious affairs he 
was a plain and modest member of the Evangelical 
Lutiieran church. On October 17, l«2-2, he 
nnirried Sarah Gressinger, daughter of Andrew 
Gressinger. To this union were born nine 
children, of whom five are living: Maria Hunter, 
of Greensburg ; Susan, wife of Henry A. Wal- 
ter, of Latrobe; Flora Harrison, of Greensburg; 
Hannah, wife of James Grace, of Greensburg, 
and Prof. A. P. Mrs. Deemer was born in 
1806. Prof. A. P. Deemer was educated in 
the common schools, Scwickley academy, and 
Capitol university at Columbus, Ohio. He 
entered the latter institution as a member of the 
senior class, and graduated July 2, 18G2. On 
August 13, 18G2, he enlisted in the fifteenth 
Pa. cavalry, was a member of the Anderson 
troop, detailed as Gen. Buell's body guard, fought 
in the liattles of Stone river, Nashville and 
Mumfordsville, and was discharged in 1803 on 
account of a disease of the eyes contracted in the 
army. At seventeen years of age he began 
teaching to enable him to finish his education. 
After the war he was principal of Mt. Pleasant 
schools for four years; of Latrobe schools three 
years ; Ligonier schools four years, and is now 
principal of the Ludwick schools, besides having 
taught eight normal schools and several terms in 
the common schools. 

On October 16, 1866, he was united in mar- 
riage to Mary L., daughter of Samuel Hays, of 
Lycippus. They have four children; Cora, born 
September 17, 18U7, now teacliiiigher third term 
of school ; Dana, February 8, 1871, attending 
Iron City college; G. M. Hays, December 11, 
1876, and Arthur P., September 2;t, 1881. 
Mrs. Deemer is descended from an old settled 
family and is a member of the Lutheran church. 

Prof. A. P.« Deemer is a member of the I. 0. 
of 0. F., the Masonic fraternity, G. A. R., and 
the Evangelical Lutheran church. He is a 
fine schiilur, a thorough teacher, and one whose 
name has been mentioned IVenuently in connec- 


tioii with the county tiu|ii'iiiiteii(lfiicy of Wcst- 
iiioiehiiKl county. 

y-JY ILLIAM DESMOND, a citizen of 
I Ji[l the ' Old I'ominion " and an expert 
|ihiniber of Greensburg, is a son of 
Morris and llonora (Hurley) Desmond, and was 
born at Alexandria, ^'^irginia, November 8, 1859. 
Morris Desmond was born in county Cork, Ire- 
land. He crossed the Atlantic and settled in 
Virginia, where he soon engaged in the paving 
business. Being a fine paver his services were 
soon secured by the United States government 
contractors, and he has been in government em- 
ploy ever since. He is a democrat and a mem- 
ber of the Catholic church. He owns property 
of considerable value at Alexandria, Va., where 
he now resides. He married Honora Hurley, 
by whom lie has bad four cnildren, of whom two 
are William anil Kate S. Mr. Desmond lias 
been successful in various ])usiness enterprises in 
which he has been interested at different times. 

AVilliam Desmond was reared at Alexandria, 
where he attended |)riv:ite schools anil St. John's 
iicadciiiy. Leaving school, he learned the trade 
of jilumber with Joseph Higgins, and worked 
for some time at the plumbing business in his 
native town, where he averaged two thousand 
dollars woitli of woik per year. lie came to 
(Ireensbiirg and entered the employ of the firm 
of Stark Hro's, general contractors and builders. 

On January o, 1SS7, Mr. Desmond uniteii in 
marriage with Amanda R. Smith, of near 

In politics he is a cleniocrat, and has always 
yielded his party a hearty and faithful support. 
He is a skilled ami experienced workman, and 
has been successful in his particular line of 
business, and at Greensburg and throughout 
Westmoreland county his social and business 
standing reinaiti unim[ieachable. 

EOllGE DETAU, one of Greensburg's 
successful young business men and a de- 
scendant of one of the early settled fami- 
lies of Westmoreland county, was born in 
I lcm|ilic|il loun.shi|), \\'esliiiiu<'land county, I'a., 
Uctoher 'J, 1857, and is the eldest son of Simon 
and Maria (Uncapher) Detar. As the name in- 
dicates, George Detar is the descendant of an 
old French family. His paternal grandfather 
was born in France, and left his native land 
when the star of Napoleon Bonaparte was in 
the ascendant. He came to near Greenburg, 
where he died soon after his arrival. He had 
six children : Joseph, settled in Venango 
county, Pa.; Philip went to Iniliana county. 
Pa. ; Simon, and three whose names are not 
given. Simon Detar was born on the Detar 
homestead, near Greensburg, in 1804, and was 
an octogenarian in years when he passed off the 
stage of life in 1884. He was a farmer by oc- 
cupation and a member of the German Re- 
formed church and held all its local offices. 
He was successful in all of his undertakings and 
enterprises. He was a democrat of the old 
school, served as treasurer of Westmoreland 
county, anil later was elected county commis- 
siiMn'r. In iMil be renuived to (ireensburg, 
where he served as justice of the peace for fif- 
teen years. He nunried Maria Uncapher, 
daughter of Andrew and Susanna (Ludwick) 
Uncapher. Mrs. Uncapher is li\'iiig iiear 
I'unxatawney, I'a. Mr. and .Mis. Delar were 
the pareiUs of live children, of whom three arc 
living: George, iVnna S., and Jacob, who is a 
civil engineer. 

(ieorge Detar was reared on a farm until he 
was six years of age, when lie was taken by bis 
parents to the county seat. He was educated 
in Greensburg public schools and academy, and 
took a full course in Dulls Commercial and 
Business college in Pittsburg, Pa. Having spe- 
cially fitted himself by his commercial course 
for a business life, he became a. member of the 
lirm of C. H. Fogg iV (Jo. They arc engaged 

t: I' 




in the luinlicr bnsiiioss ;mil operate a planing 
mill and lumber yards at Greciisburg. Tliey 
are extensive and suceessfnl dealers in rough 
and dressed lumber, and furnish all kinds of 
planing-mill work. In politics ^Ir. Detar holds 
to the democratic faith of his forefathers. lie 
is a pleasant and affable gentleman, and is al- 
ways interested in whatever tends to promote 
the business interests of his town and county. 

^@) D. K. DICK was born in Greensburg, 
tg)]* Westmoreland county, Pa., January 2, 
1859, and is the eldest son of John and 
Priscilla (Allshouse) Dick. John Dick was 
born September 10, 1832, in Switzerland, and 
emigrated to the United States in 1848, settling 
at Greensburg, where he carried on the mer- 
chant tailoring business for many years. Not 
long after the late war he removed to Ligonicr, 
this county, where he died February 2, 1885. 
He was a democrat and quite active in party 
work, especially in local politics, and held the 
offices of mercantile appraiser and county au- 
ditor for two terms. lie was a member of the 
Reformed church at Greensburg, active in his 
support thereof, a man of decided convictions, 
and was held in high esteem by all who knew 
him. lie was identified with the I. 0. 0. F., 
and was a ])rominent member of the Masonic 
fraternity. lie married Priscilla Allshouse, who 
is yet living, and by whom he liad eleven chil- 
dri'ii, hiiic III' wlinni ui-o living. 

Ed. K. l)ick, alter recriving an education in 
the public schools of Greensburg and Ligonicr, 
began his business life as a jeweler at Greens- 
burg, and continued in that line fur five yiiars. 
In November, 1S88, he sold liis jewelry store 
and eiiiliurked in the dry goods line in the ele- 
gant stoic loom on the corner of Main and Sec- 
ond streets, Greensburg, where he is now located 
and doing a flourishing business. 

He was married Februai'y It), 18S2, to Car- 
rie, a daughter of J;icob Mensch, of Greensburg, 

and to their union have been born two children : 
Mary, born April 14, 1884, and Paul, April 
2U, 188G. 

lie is a member of Greensburg council. No. 
44, R. A., lielongs to the M E. church and 
believes firndy in the principles of democracy. 
Though young in years he is a prosperous and 
[jopular business man, and deserves tlie succes-s 
already achieved as well as a life-long continu- 
ation of go(jd fortune. 

•*^EV. C. R. DIEFFENBACHER, pastor 
of the First Reformed church of Greens- 
burg, was born December 22, 18.3'J, in 
Butler county. Pa., but reared at Woodstock, 
Shenandoah county, in the beautiful and historic 
valley of the same name in Virginia. The 
Dieflenbachers of this country are descendants of 
the old stock that emigrated from the Rhine 
country, Germany, about the close of the Revo- 
lutionary war, seeking a more quiet home in 
the New World. They were sturdy, honest, 
Christian people, who settled in Eastern Penn- 
sylvania, probably in Northumberland county. 
Rev. Jacob F. Dieffenbacher (father) was born 
in Montour county, this State, in 1800 ; was 
educated at Carlisle, Pa., and preached for 
many years in Virginia. He died in February, 
1841, and although yet a young man had risen 
to prominence in the Reformed church — his 
chosen denomination. While in Virginia he 
was married to Dorothy C. llottel, whose father 
was George llottel, an early settler in the Shen- 
andoah valley, who was a wealthy planter, own- 
ing several thousand acres of land. The Hottels, 
who were of Ilugcunot descent, were pioneers of 
the Shenandoah valley, having located there 
long before the Revolution, and when contests 
with Indians was a common occurrence. Rev. 
Jacob F. Dieffenbacher was the father of four 
sons, three of whom arc clergymen of the Re- 
formed church. Of these children, Rev. D. S. 
Dieffenbacher is pastor ot the First Reformed 


church, Altoona, Pa. ; llcv. E. II. Dieileiibacher 
has a charge at Pleasant Unity, this county ; 
and J. F. Dieftenbacher is a ))ublisher of J'itts- 

Hcv. C. 11. Dicll'cnbaclier received his )ire- 
paratory education in the common and academic 
schools of Woodstock, Va., and in 185G entered 
Franklin and Marshall college, from which he 
was graduated in IHGO. In 18G2 he completed 
his seminary course at Mereersbiirg, having 
studied under Drs. Sehafl" and Woltf. His first 
charge was at Kittanning, I'a., where, during 
his pastorate of two and one-half years, he 
established two new congregations — one at Kitt- 
anning and one at Jlddyville. In 18G5 he took 
charge of a new mission at (ireenviUc, Pa., 
■which was self-supporting at tiic end of six 
years, although he began work with only four- 
teen members. Remaining seven years longer, 
he, on April 1, 1878, succeeded Dr. N. P. 
Ilacke, as pastor of the First Reformed church 
of Greensburg, to whose people he is still break- 
ing the bread of life. During the first five 
years of his pastorate at Greensburg the new 
church and parsonage were built at a cost ot 
some $85,000, and the indebtedness of the con- 
gregation has been entirely wiped out. The 
membership has been doubled, now numbering 
about five hundred and fifty, and there has been 
a great increase in Christian activity. In the 
winter of 1888 Rev. Dieflonbaeher collected 
and partly organized a congregation at Jean- 
nettc, which is now under the care ot Rev. N. 
II. Skiles. 

On September 9, 1802, Rev. C. R. Dieffen- 
bacher was united in marriage with Emma, a 
daughter of Gerhart and Mary (Erisman) Metz- 
gar, of Lancaster, Pa., and their union has been 
blest with five ciiildren, of whom three are liv- 
ing : Flora O. died March ai, 1888, aged 
thirteen years, and Lillic C. followed her to the 
grave on the fijurth of the following month, at 
the age of twenty-one. R(jth were most excel- 
lent young ladies. Of those living, Nevin ti. is 

a machinist, and is now with Kelly O^c Jones, of 
Greensburg; Mary Grace is the wile of Harry 
T. Wolfersberger, an employee in the olHce of 
the Pennsylvania IJailroad (Company at Piiila- 
delphia; and Emma Alberta at home. 

^-•IIOMAS DONOIIOE, one of Greens- 
rt) burg's successful and reliable business men, 
^r was born in Carlo county, Leinster Prov- 
ince, Ireland, December 20, 1830. He is a son 
of Edward and Judith (Brennan) Donohoe, the 
former (a son of Henry Donohoe), was born in 
1796, in county Carlow. Thomas Donohoe re- 
ceived his eilucation in the schools of Ireland, 
which were then noted for thoroughness in the 
knowledge which they imparted. At twenty-one 
years of age he sailed for the United States, be- 
ing a wider field for individual effoitand business 
than his native land presented to him. Alter 
landing at New York, he cast about him some 
time for a favorable situation and finally engaged 
at Blairsville, Indiana county, Pa., in the em- 
ploy of William Maho, who was engaged in the 
general mercantile business. After seven years 
of faithful service and valuable experience, he 
removed to Greensburg in 1858, where he be- 
came a partner of the firm of Donohoe & Maho. 
They wore engaged in general mercantile busi- 
ness until 1886, when Mr. Maho withdrew f^om 
the firm, and a brother of Mr. Donohoe's suc- 
ceeded him. The firm name being Donohoe & 
Bro. Jilr. Donohoe's brother died in 1878, and 
Thomas Donohoe continued the store until 1868, 
when he admitted Armor C. Trauger as a part- 
ner. In 1888 iMr. Trauger withdrew, and the 
present firm of Donohoe & Son was organized. 
In 1862 Mr. John Kuntz became a partner with 
Thomas Donohoe in the purchase and sale of 
grain, and this partnership still continues. Mr. 
Donohoe's early mercantile ventures were re- 
markably fortunate, while his later business in- 
vestments have been signally successful. His 
large mercantile business and extensive traiisac- 



tioiis it) grain did not fully engage his time, and 
in order to be constantly employed lie became in- 
terested in tiie Alexandria coal works, of which 
he is superintendent at the present time. 

In October, 18G1, he married Cecelia ^, 
daughter of Jacob Wise, of (jreensburg. Their 
family consists of ten ciiildrcn, six sons, four 
daughters: Edward, Mary, Cecelia, Thomas, 
Henry, llichard, Agnes, John, Joseph and one 
whose name is not given. 

Thomas Donolioo is a member of the Holy 
Roman Catholic church. He is a democrat, but 
he takes no active part in politics, as his entire 
time is required for the supervision and manage- 
ment of his dilferent business enterprises. T. 
Donohoe & Son's general mercantile establish- 
ment, in the beautiful Opera Block on West Ot- 
terinan street, Greensburg, Pa., is furnished with 
everything in that line of business that thirty- 
one years of experience has found necessary to 
provide for a large trade, while their stock is 
constantly kejjt full to supply every cull made 
for anything kept by him. They carry full 
lines in dry-goods, notions, groceries, hardware, 
wood, willow and queensware, besides handling 
powder, dynamite and fuse. Mr. Donolioe is a 
leading, substantial and inlluential business man 
of Greensburg. lie is one who has been em- 
phatically the architect of his own fortune. 

TOIIN D(JUN, proprietor of the Dorn 

J livery slables and a member of the Greens- 
burg brewing company and is a son of 
George and Elizabeth (Mayberry) Dorn, and 
was born on east Pittsburg street, Greensburg, 
Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, February 
ly, 18-')1. His father, (Jeorge Dorn, was a j 
luitive of Germany (see his sketch in this 
volume), and his niotluT was born in that part of 
Westmoreland county included in the celebrated 
Ligonier Valley. 

.lohn Dorn was reared at Greensburg and re- 
ceived his education in tiie j)ui)lic schools. As 

soon as ho was of proper ago to enter into busi- 
ness he engaged with his father at the Dorn 
livery stables. 

In 18U8 he withdrew from livery business, 
accepted a position in the iilaning-mill of lleeil, 
Wilson and Company, and remained in their em- 
jiloy for eight years. In 1877 he made a tour of 
nearly all the western States and continued to 
reside west of the Mississippi liver for ten years. 
In 1887 he left the west and returned to Greens- 

In 1888 he entered into a partnership with 
his brother Louis and George E. Kuhns, under 
the firm name of the Greensburg Brewing Com- 
pany. Their brewery has a capacity of 5,000 
barrels per year. Tiiey have a large local as 
well as an extensive general trade. In addition 
to his brewery interests he is the proprietor of 
the Dorn livery and feed stables at Greensburg. 
He keeps a " large stock of good liorses, fine 
buggies and excellent carriages and is well pat- 
ronized by the traveling public. John Dorn is 
a conservative democrat, yet he firmly believes 
in the principles and usages of the Democratic 
party as laid down and practiced by Thomas 
Jefl'erson in the early years of the American lie- 
public. Mr. Dorn is a good business man, 
genial and affable, and is well liked in the large 
circle of his uequaintauceship. 

EORGE DORN. In a pleasant little val- 
ey in northern Germany near the beauti- 
ful river Rhine, famous in German song 
and story is the ancestral home of the Dorns 
and birth-place of the late George Dorn, who 
was in after-life one of the most widely known 
business men of Greensburg. He was born on 
Now Years Day in 1818, under the great con- 
federation of German States that formecl an in- 
terregnum of the German empire from 1815 to 
1835. He was carefully trained to habits of 
iiulustry, honesty and economy and received his 
education in the rural schoolsof the Fatherland. 


At eigliteen years of age he conceived tlie idea of 
emigrating to tiie new world in quest of more 
profitable employment than lie could tiien secure 
in Germany. 

In 183(5 he came to Pennsylvania, where 
after a considerable struggle for work he ob- 
tained employment on the Philadelphia turn- 
pike. Although young in years, his excellent 
deportment and disjilay of good judgment in the 
care of teams secured him the responsiide position 
of stable manager at Turtle creek ; where he had 
charge of all the horses used on one section of the 
pike. After a few years services at the latter 
place he removed to Greensburg, where he as- 
sumed charge and was in control of the pike 
stables until the building of the Pennsylvania 
Central railroad. The railroad monopolized the 
trade and travel of the State, and the old ]iike, 
unable to enter into competitive ri\alry, was 
soon abandoned as a jtiiblic highway and be- 
came a local throughfare. In consei|ueiice of 
this great change in mode of travel Mr. Dorn 
engaged in a new line of business and accord- 
ingly opened a large livery stable at Greens- 
burg. As a liveryman he met with remarkable 
success. And with his usual eneigy, soon had 
one of the best livery stables in western Penn- 
sylvania outside of Pittsburg, which was largely 
patronized until his death in IbSo. For over 
thirty years he was probably the most widely 
known and popular liveryman in his section of 
the State. Besides his livery Mr. Dorn was 
interested in various business enterprises of 
Greensburg and in the county. His long, suc- 
cessful and honorable career was brought to a 
close by his death on July -, 1885. His large 
circle of friiiids and relatives mourned his 

Mr. Dorn was married to Elizabeth Mayberry, 
of Ligonier, this county. They had si.x child- 
ren, of whom four are living: George was book- 
keeper for Lewis Tranger many years, and died 
in 1872; Julia, wife of Dr. /,. T. Waugaman 
(see his sketch) ; Jacob, wlio died when a young 

man ; John, one of the owners of the Greens-' 
burg brewery (see his sketch); Harry M. and 
Lewis T., who is a partner in the Greensburg 
brewery com[iany. 

(Jeorge Dorn at the time of his death was 
worth over $100,000. He was a self- 
made man, acquiring his wealth by honest in- 
dustry and frugality. His business obligations 
were always prom])tly met and his contracts 
honorably fulfilled. 

In 1881 he sold the lot where the present 
jail building stands". He was a strong democrat, 
was a useful member of the Evangelical Lutheran 
church and a man noted for his charity to the 
poor. He was a very good linguist ; could 
speak with lluency and ease the German, 
French and English languages. 

Geoi'ge Dorn was popular and well liked 
both as a citizen and business man, on account 
of bis generous nature and sterling integrity. 

His life was one of activity and event. He 
was a self-made man ; he enjoyed none of the 
educational advantages of the present era ; 
nevertheless, he was a man of varied information, 
endowed with a strong mind and was the hewer, 
out of his own fortune and the honest architect 
of his own fame. 

•f UDGE LUCIEN W. DOTY. It is a raat- 
I ter of regret that in this age of steam and 
Qj electricity business cares or unholy am- 
bitions cause some to forget their lineage and to 
sink their regard for family in the mire of sel- 
fishness. To such persons Macauley refers when 
he says, " A people which takes no pride in the 
noble achievements of remote ancestors will 
never achieve anything worthy to be remembered 
with pride by remote descendants." Lucien W. 
Doty, President Judge of the Courts of West- 
moreland county, was born July 18, 1848, at 
Mifflintown, Juniata county, Pa. The Doty 
family is one of the oldest in the United 
States ; Edward Doty, a native of England, 



being one of tlie " ])ilgi-inis " wlio, fleeing from 
bigotry und oiipressioii, cios.scil tbe Atliintic in 
the MauJhwcr. One of liis sons was Oaiitiiiu 
Samuel I*<ity, a surveyor, wliose son, David 
Doty, a pbysieian of Sharon, Conn., vva.s Juiige 
Doty's great-granJfatlier. Dr. Ezra Doty 
(grandfather), was a distinguished physician, a 
member of the Masonic fraternity, who organ- 
ized the first ilasonic kidge at Mifflin, Pa., and 
an active worker in the interests of the okl 
Democratic party. He was born in Sharon, 
Conn., and moved to Mifflintown, Pa., in 1790. 
He was elected to the State Senate of Pennsyl- 
vania when the seat of government was at 
Lancaster, Pa. He married Rebecca North, a 
daughter of Caleb North, who was of English 
origin and lived in Perry county. Pa. To this 
union were born two sons and one daughter, 
Eliza, who married Andrew Parker, of MilUin, 
a distinguished lawyer and member of Congress. 
Edmund S. Doty (father) was born August 2'2, 
1815, at Mifflin" Pa., and died December 24, 
1884. He received a collegiate education, 
studied law, was admitted to the bar in jMifflin- 
town in 1830. and practiced his profession for 
forty-five years. In 1843 he was married to 
Catharine Wilson, of Juniata county, by whom 
he had nine sons and one daughter, all of whom, 
save one son, who died in infancy, arc living. 
Mr. Doty was one of nature's noblemen, bright 
and well-developed intellectually, upright and 
courteous, modest and charitable in the true 
sense of llie leriu. As a lawyer lie stood at the 
head of his profession, scrupulously honest and 
conscientious, careful and reliable as a counsel- 
lor, able and eloquent as an advocate. In poli- 
tics he was an earnest democrat, and believing 
in the principles of that party was always 
ready and willing in national and state issues, 
to lend his voice, pen and vote in furtherance of 
its success. The only time he asked for the 
suffrages of his fellow-citizens was in 18r)4, 
when he was a candidate for the Senate against 
Hon. James M. Sellers. The Know-Notliinj: 

whirlwind of that year engulfed him in defeat, 
and he never again would accept a nomination. 
It was as a Christian, however, that the charac- 
ter of i\Ir. Doty shone forth most cons|)icuously. 
He was from early life conneetecl with the I'les- 
byterian church, in which he was for many years 
an active worker and a ruling elder. His pro- 
fessions were earnest and sincere, his life was 
one of piety and devotion, and his death a most 
triumphant one. 

Hon. Lucien W. Doty attended the public 
schools of Mifiiin, prepared for college at Tus- 
carora and Airy View academies, and in 18G6 
entered the Freshman class at Lafayette college, 
Easton, Pa., from which institution he graduated 
in 1870, taking one of the three equal honors 
and delivering the Latin salutatory. After teach- 
ing school one year as assistant principal of the 
Newton Collegiate Institution of New Jersey, 
he in 1871 entered his fiither's law office and 
was admitted to practice in the courts of his 
native county in September, 1872. In 1875 he 
was admitted to the Philadelphia bar, where he 
practiced until 1879. In January, 1881, he 
came to Greensburg and was admitted to the 
bar at the ensuing May term. In 188G and in 
1888 he served as chairman of the Democratic 
county committee, and in 1887 he visited Europe, 
where he traveled through many noted and his- 
toric places. In 1889 he was nominated for 
President Judge by the Democratic party of 
Wcstmori'land county, and in November was 
elected over A. D. McConnell, the republican 
candidate, by a plurality of 2,079. 

Judge Doty was married October 2, 1873, to 
Anna E. Moore, daughter of Samuel Moore, of 
Easton, Pa., by whom he had three children : 
Catharine, Helen and Edmund S. He, together 
with his wife, is a member of the Presbyterian 
church of Greensburg, of which be has been a 
trustee for soi^ie years. 

Judge L. W. Doty is an able attorney, an 
eloiiuent advocate, and in his judicial capacity 
is energetic, prompt, ujiriglit and thoroughly 


unbiiiswl. lie is finely cultured, modest :ind 
uiiMssuiiiing, ill every res]ject a tliovougli gcii- 

•jl'UlIN DUNIIILL, a resident ..f (ireeiisburg 
and one of its experienced, energetic and 
reliable business men, is a son of llicliard 
and Mary (llawley) Dunliill, and was born in 
Yorksbire, England, October 28, 18tJ0. Richard 
Dunliill was a potter by occupation, lie was a 
member of the Congregational church and the 
Liberal party of Great Britain. lie owned large 
pottery interests and married Mary llawley, by 
whom he had five children. He was the son of 
a well-to-do farmer, who was (juite prominent in 
his county. His maternal grandfather, George 
Hawley, was a prominent liberal and congre- 
gationalist. lie was very prosperous in his 
business enter])riscs and owned an interest in 
several potteries. 

John Dunliill w:is educated in the old and 
noted grammar school of Rotherham and passed 
the preliminary examination for Candjridge 
University, which would have admitted him as a 
studetit of any of the learned professions of Eng- 
land, lie served as a book-keeper for John 
Brown k Co., of Sheffield, for a short time, and 
at twenty-one years of age crossed the Atlantic 
to seek his fortune in this country. He landed 
at New York, whore he remained a few weeks 
and then removed to Pittsburg. After a resi- 
dence of three months in the Iron City he 
oliliiined the position of litiiil^-keeper for the 
llei-ln Coke Co., Lid., nt iheir wuiks in tliis 
county, and was ai'terward ajipoiiited postmaster 
at the same place and served seven years. On 
April 1, 18Hi), he located in the "Press" 
building, on West t)tterman street, Greensburg, 
and engaged in the steamshij) and railroad ticket 
business. He also represents several reliable 
insurance companies. He furnishes steamship 
tickets and foreign exchange at New York city 
rates and railroad tickets to all points westward 
at reasonable prices. 

On September 23, 1881, he united in marriage 
with Marllia A. Croft, daughter of James R. 
Croft, of Settle, Yorkshire, England. 'I'liey 
have two children: Trixie B. and Leone T. 

John iJiiidiiU has prosecuted his present busi- 
ness with his usual characteristic energy, and 
his success has been cominensurate to his efforts. 
He has established a permanent and paying 
business whose proportions are continually in- 
creasing. Mr. Dunliill is a man whose business 
ability, education and experience, well fit him 
for any commercial enterprise in which he may 
engage, and in which his energy and perseverance 
woulil inevitably win him substantial and lasting 
success. His leisure moments from business 
have been improveil by reading, and he is well 
informed u])on many subjects of general import- 
ance and pulilic interest. 

IIARLES F. EH ALT was born at 
Greensburg, Westmoreland county, Pa., 
December 31, 1858, and is a son of 
Jacob Ehalt, who was born in Wurtemberg, 
Bavaria, July 8, 1821. About thirty-eight 
years ago he came to Greensburg, and for fifteen 
years was engaged in mercantile pursuits. In 
1851 he built the hotel known as the Station 
House, on the present site of the Union hotel. 
In 1870 he completed the Union hotel, now 
owned by his heirs. In 1852 he was married 
to Lydia A., daughter of Samuel Cosby, of 
Westmorehmd county, 'fliey had seven chil- 
dren of whom Charles l'\ was the IJiiid born. 
Jacob Ehalt was a stanch democrat and a 
member of the Catholic church, as was also his 
wife, lie was for many years engaged in the 
hotel business, and died October 4, 1885. His 
house is one of the oldest licensed hotels in the 
country; he was never refused a license by the 
court and was a man of the strictest integrity. 

Charles F. Ehalt was educated in the public 
schools of Greensburg an<l at Saint Vincent 
colle^re. He succeeded his father in the hotel 

liioonAriiiiis OF 

business, wlii^'li lie is siiccossfiiUy comliu'tin;; at 
the in-cseiit time. He is ii ileiiuKnit uiid u mem- 
ber of the Catliolic church, lie was married to 
Mary, (hui^iitir of .1. Ru liner, of Derry town- 
Hliip, on October -, 18HH. 

'LEXANDEll EICIIER, lawyer, at 

Greensburg, was born at New Stanton, 
IlempfielJ townsliip, Westmoreland 
county, Pa., November 24, 1851, and is a son 
of Jolm S. Eicher, who was born in rieasunt 
Unity, Pa., July l25, 18-23. lie was one of the 
best auctioneers in the county and a leading 
democrat in politics ; he was elected treasurer 
of Westmoreland county in 18G9. Tliis was 
the only time he ever oiVered himself as a candi- 
date for an ollice. He is a man of decided cun- 
victions, whose wonl is good as liis lioud and 
who was never known to forget a favor or for- 
sake a friend, lie was married to Mary, a 
daughter of dohn Pool, of Ilenipfield township, 
in 1850. She was born in 1833 and died on 
February 14, 18ti I. Jacob Eicher (grandfather) 
was a son of Abraham Eicher, who was of French- 
German descent. Jacob Eicher was born at 
Ilagerstown, Md., in 1800, and was married 
to Sallie Slonecker, of Fayette county. She 
was a member of the family of John Slonecker, 
and a woman of great beauty and rare intelli- 
gence. Jacob Eicher was a mill-wright by trade 
and an active member of the Rajitist church. 

Alexander Eichia- lias been tlie sole architect 
of his own fortune. He received oidy the ad- 
vautaiTcs of a common school education, and on 
leavin" the school-room he became a sales clerk 
in various general stores for seven years. In 
1870 ho was appointed deputy in the register 
and recorder's ollice of Westmoreland county, 
Avhich position he lilled very satisfactorily for 
six years; three years with tJ. F. Warden and 
three years with John M. Laird. In 1877 he 
became a clerk in the otlice of A. A. Stewart. 
In this office, during his spare moments, he 

applied liimsclftM his bodks, afterward read law 
and was admilted to the har on July 30, 1880. 
lie remained in Mr. Stewart's office until Stew- 
art's death, July 3, 1S!S]. Ho has succeeded in 
buihiing M|) a paying piaclice in tlie courts of 
tlie county. On October 4, 1873, he was mar- 
ried to Mary Ella, a daughter of Archibald 
McClelland, of Ireland. To their marriage 
have been born six chiMren : Ward, Alexander, 
John S., Mary, Elinor and Uomayne. He is a 
member of Knights of Honor, A. 0. U. W., 
Uoyal Arcanum, Cho.sen Friends, Natioiuil 
Union, and is a member of the Christian 
church, as is also his wife. 

HARLES FALK, one of Greensburg's 
leading clothiers, was born in Aachren, 
at the town of Duren on the river Ruhr, 
(iermany, July 21, 1S33. His father, Leo F;ilk, 
was married to Julia, a daughter of Simon Wul- 
lach. To them were born eleven children, four 
of them sons, of whom Charles Falk is the sec- 
ond. He attended school in Daren, worked at 
the business of butchering witli his father until 
1858, when he enlisted and served three years in 
the German army. On October 18, 18(35, he was 
married to Sarah, a daughter of Leo Sander of 
tlie same district in Germany. They have had 
seven children: Maurice, born Decendjcr 15, 
186G, is now a traveling salesman for J. Klee & 
Co., New York and Pittsburg, and was married 
to Laura Kline Orlinger, of Allegheny; Carrie, 
born April 13, 1808; Leon, born December 12, 
1800 ; Matilda, born October 28, 187 1 ; Sigmund, 
born August 4, 1873; Jessie, born April 28, 
1876 and Amy, born October, 19 1883. In 
1865 Mr. Falk came to America and located in 
Allegheny City, thence to Irwin in 1871 and 
engaged in merchant tailoring and ready-made 
clothing business, wiiich he most successfully 
carried on for a period of fifteen years. On leav 
ing this business he engaged extensively in buy- 
ing and selling stock at East Liberty for two 


years. In 1880 he engaged in the chdliing 
business again, this time at i\It. ricusant ; he 
continued in business tliero until April, 188U, 
when he removed to Grcensburg and is now rec- 
ognized as one ut' tiie successful nuTchants ul' the 

r^ARRY n. FISIIER, one of Westmore- 
I J land county's prominent and leading 
(*) teachers and professor of mathematics in 
the High school, of Greensburg, was born at 
Mendon, South Huntingdon township, Novem- 
ber 15, 186G, and is a son of Philip and Reb- 
becca (Carey) Fisher. Philip Fisher is a son of 
John Fisher and was born in Westmoreland 
county. At fourteen years of ago he became an 
apprentice to learn the trade of blacksmith and 
has followed that trade ever since, except two 
years which he spent in farming. He is a demo- 
crat from principle, a member of the United 
Presbyterian church, in which he has served for 
several years as a local officer, and an honest 
man who commands the respect of his neighliors. 
He married Rebecca Carey, daughter of Jacob 
Carey, who came from New England and settled 
in Mt. Pleasant township, where he was engaged 
in farming for several years before his death. 
Mr. and Mrs. Fisher have had five children, of 
whom four are living: William, a maciiinist of 
Mansfield, Ohio; Melinda J., wife of Joseph 
Mathias of Manor station ; Harry H. and one 
whose name is not given. 

Harry H. Fisher attended the common schools 
of Hempfield township and the Indiana State 
Normal school, at Indiana, Pa., from which insti- 
tution he was graduated in June, 188U. lie 
holds the normal degree M. E. and will enter 
Harvard college ne.xt year to complete his clas- 
sical education. He taught two terms of com- 
mon school before graduating at Indiana. In 
188G he was principal of Penn schools; in 1887 
of IiUihvick schools, and in 1888 he was elected 
professor of mathematics in the High School of 

Greensburg, which ini[iortant position he still 
hoMs, having been elected in IM'JO fi/r a third 
ti rm. Jn his dei)artment he has been pursuing 
a regular line of college work. His scientific 
and thorough work has been prcjductivc of good 
results. He is a fine discijiliiiarian and a suc- 
cessful teacher and is conversant with the educa- 
tional ideas of the present age. Mr. Fisher is 
a democrat in political opinion. In religious be- 
lief he is a Presbyterian. He is a member of 
Philanthropy Lodge, No. liiTi, A. Y. M., of 

f* ACOB FRIES, a Greensburg merchant of 
j nearly thirty years business experience and 
l*y a dealer in dry goods, fine groceries and 
general merchandise, was born on his father's 
l\irm in Bucks county, Pa., Junel7,]838, and is 
the son of Jacob and Mary (Myers) Fi-ies. Jacob 
Fries was a prosperous farmer in Bucks county. 
He was a soldier of the war of 1812, and sup- 
ported his old conniiander, Gen.W. II. Harrison, 
for president. He was an Odd Fellow, a whig 
and a man of great resolution and firmness. Ho 
married Mary Myers, by whom he had nine 
children, one of the number being dead. 

Jacob Fries was educated in the common 
schools and was engaged in farming until 1861. 
In that year he went to Philadelphia where he 
became a salesman for Fries k, Lehman, whole- 
sale and retail clothiers. After serving with 
them four years he commenced in the clothing 
business for himself on Market street and fol- 
lowed it successfully for ten years. In 1875 he 
sold his clothing establishment with a view of 
embarking in farming. He then returned to 
his native county where he purchased a large 
farm and was engaged in its cultivation and im- 
provement for ten years. At the end of that 
time Mr. Fries sold his farm and two years later 
came to Greensburg, where on April 2H, 1888, 
he opened his present general mercantile estab- 



111' iiiiilc'il ill lii:iniiij;c with Maigiirot .Jiiliii- 
sou, ihuij^litur of iiobort Johnsoti. 'i'u tlii.'ir 
marriage \v;is born seven cliilihen, of whom tive 
are living; Walter, who U a raili'oail oHii'ial ; 
Clarence, the youngest son, is ill the store with 
his father; Howard is a banker at Tacoina, 
Washington; Laura and Sallie. His wife died 
and he married Nettie Benzon, who is a native of 
Germany and a daughter of Frederick Benzon. 

Under the first call for troops at the opening 
of the late war, Mr. Fries enlisted and served 
under Gen. Patterson. At the expiration of his 
term he was honorably discharged and returned 
to Philadelphia. lie was also an " emergency 
man" when Lee was at Antietam and again 
when the great Confederate chieftain attacked 
Meade at Gettysburg. lie is a republican from 
principle and gives his support to his party when- 
ever it is needed. His mercantile establishment 
is at No. 89 East Pittsburg street. His stock 
consists of dry goods of home and foreign manu- 
facture, staple and fancy groceries in large quan- 
tities and general merchandise, especially selected 
to gratify the wishes and satisfy the needs of 
his patrons. Mr. Fries is always careful and 
attentive to the interests of his business and 
receives a liberal patronage. He is a man of 
perseverance, energy, prudence and business 

CT^REEMAN C. GAY, a veteran of the 
i'C lale war and a prominent member i)f one 
of (irccnsliiug's leading real estate and 
insiiiaiu'e hrms, is a son of ^\Mlliam l>. and 
Martha (Speer) (iay, and was born in Ddiicgal 
township, ^Vestllloreland county. Pa., July 3, 
1838. His paternal grandfather, Peter Gay, 
■was born in Franklin county. Pa. Peter Gay 
started with his father and two brothers, Will- 
iam and Joseph, to emigrate to Indiana. When 
they reached the Ligonier valley in their west- 
ward journey Peter Gay liked the country so 
well that he remained in the county and engaged 

in merchandising and stock-dealing. He was a 
|)rosperous business man of broad and liberal 
views ; was one of the founders of the Lutheran 
church of Dcjiiegal and a supporter in all relig- 
iinis causes, allliDUgh he was not a meiiiber of 
any church. He was an old line whig, served 
as justice of the peace for thirty-five years, was 
a good scholar, and an accurate surveyor. He 
was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Lewis 
Hayes, an early settler of the county. They 
reared a family of two sons and three daughters, 
who all married and settled in their native 
county. One of the sons, William 15. (father of 
F. C. Gay), was born September 3, 1815, and 
died April 4, 181)4. He was by occupation a 
farmer and in political belief a Jefl'ersonian 
democrat. He was justice of the peace for fif- 
teen years and lived an exemplary life. In 
March, 1835, he married Martha Speer, who 
passed away January 7, 1883. She was a 
daughter of William Speer, of L^niontown, Pa. 

Freeman C. Gay was educated in the common 
schools, Stahlstown normal school and Sewick- 
ley academy. At twenty-three years of age he 
left the farm and enlisted in Co. K, eleventh 
reg. Pa. A^ols. He was made corporal, pro- 
moted to second lieutenant in 1802, and partic- 
ipated in all the battles in which his regiment 
was engaged until the first day's fight at Gettys- 
burg, where he was wounded and taken prisoner 
by the Confederates. He was one of the 109 
who escaped through the Hose tunnel, and like- 
wise was among those unfortunates who were 
recaptured. After twenty months in various 
Southern prisons he was paroled March 1, 

March 30, 18G5, he was married to Harriet 
L., daughter of Robert L. Jones, of Jones' 
Mills (see his sketch). They have three 
children: Lizzie, born February 20, 1850; 
Charles, born October 20, 1808, a carj)enter, 
and one whose name is not given, born August 
14, 1872. 

F. C. Gay is a democrat, was superintendent 


of tlio county home for five years and a candi- 
ilate for county treasurer in 1887, but was de- 
feated by a small majority. From 18G5 to 1873 
lie was engaged in merchandising. In 1884 he 
entered into partnership with E. M. Bair, wlio 
are noAV engaged in their present successful real 
estate, fire, life and accident insurance business. 
They represent the German American, Liberty, 
Niagara, Orient, Girard, Union, German, Trav- 
eler's, and Home insurance companies of the 
United States ; the North British, Lancashire 
and London, and Lancashire companies of Eu- 
rope, and the Fidelity Plate Glass Company. 
Freeman C. Gay is a member of the Union 
Veteran Legion, an energetic and successful 
'business man and a jdeasant and aflable gen- 

•{•oSKril B. GEORGE, a descendant of 
I one of the oldest pioneer families of the 
■(§/ country and a popular funeral director and 
undertaker of Greensburg, is a son of Peter W. 
and Mary Ann (Geiger) George, and was born 
near George's Station, Hempfield township; 
Westmoreland county. Pa., February 18, 1858. 
The founder of the George family of Westmore- 
land county was Adam George (great-grand- 
father), who came from Germany and settled in 
this county, near the site of George's station, 
about 1709. He erected George's block-house 
and served in the Revolutionary war. His son 
Conrad was in tiie fort at Ilannastown when 
that village was burned by the Indians in 1782. 
I'eter tieorge (grandfather) was born January 1, 
1777, and died November 2, 1855. He was a 
•carpenter by trade but followed farming. He 
owned three farms was a democrat, and be- 
longed to the U. B. church. He married Cath- 
erine Wolcommuth, who was born in 1770 and 
died October 28, 1858. Tiiey had nine cliil- 
dren, of whom three are living: Peter W. George 
{father) was born June 18, 181(5, on the old 
George farm, and followed farming until 188G, 
when he removed to Grecnsbui'j'. He was a 

democrat until 1850 when he joined the Repub- 
lican party. He married Mary Ann (Jeiger, 
February 4, 1841, a daughter of George Geiger. 
They have had nine children, of whom seven 
are living: James E., of Indiana; Daniel K. 
and Austin C, who are railroad engineers and 
live in Kansas; Charles W., Joseph B., Harriet 
A., wife of William II. Gilchrist, of Kansas, 
and Sadie F. Mr. George is well preserved 
and ratlier active for one of his advanced years. 

Joseph B. George attended the common schools 
and Greensburg academy. At twenty-one years 
of age he left the farm, came to Greensburg and 
became a clerk for the old firm of Donahoe Bros. 
k Co., wholesale and retail dealers in all kinds 
of grain, and was in their employ from October, 
187U, until December, 1880, when he left tlieir 
employ, ami in December, 1880, engaged with 
Frank Fisher, who was also a wholesale and 
retail dealer in all kinds of grain and feed, and 
did quite an immense business, whose ])lace of 
business was at South Greensburg un the S(juth- 
west Pennsylvania railroad, and was in his em- 
[)loy until March, 1885. 

In February, 1885, he purchased the furnish- 
ing undertaking establishment of the late John 
L. Hacke, which was established in 18G8, and 
has continued in that business until the jjresent 

J. B. George was united in marriage on 
March 1, 1883, with Ella B. Hacke, daughter 
of John L. Hacke. To Mr. and Mrs. George 
has been born one child: John Hacke. 

The furnishing and undertaking establishment 
of Mr. George is at No. 20i), 211 and 21U 
Pennsylvania avenue, Greensburg. It is com- 
plete throughout in all of its arrangements. He 
carries a large and complete stock of coffins, 
caskets, robes, wrappers, etc., of the various 
late modern styles. Mr. George makes under- 
taking a sjjccialty and furnishes black or white 
hearses and open or closed carriages, as desired, 
for funerals. He is practically experienced as 
a funeral director and undertaker and is con- 



ducting liis lai'^c liusincss witli fvoi'-incrcasiiig 
success. lie is a re|iublicaii ami a regular 
atteii'laiit of the First Hefornied cliurcii of 

*|*01IN I). GIIjL, a proniiiieiit lawyer and 
I citzen of Greensburg, was born un the 
(*i/ banks of the Allegheny river in Alle- 
gheny (now Burrcll) township, Westmore- 
land county, Pa., October 10, 1845. His 
father, Cornelius Gill, was born in northern 
^Vestnloreland county July 12, 1817. He was 
reared on a farm and learned the carpenter's 
trade, which he followed for a number of years 
afterwards. For about twenty years he was 
e.xtcnsively engaged in the lumber business in 
AUegiieny and Venango counties, controlling 
several mills, being a man of wonderful 
mechanical genius and skill, he was able to 
make almost anything in the mechanical line, 
He was a democrat from instinct and was a 
member of the United Presbyterian church, in 
which he was elected ruling elder but declined 
to serve. He deeply interested himself in edu- 
cational matters. He began life poor, but by 
his perseverance, honesty and industry made it 
a success. He was married to Sarah Goldinger, 
born July 10, 1S-J.3, a daughter of Major Gold- 
inger, of iiurrcll township, Westmoreland 
county, who was born in ITlH!. To their union 
was born eleven children, of whom si.x arc living, 
four sons and two daughters : John 1)., Mary 
A., .fohnston H., engaged in the oil business; 
Kate 11., wife uf JauHS 11. ^Vatt, of Greens- 
burg ; Thomas N., engaged in railroad business 
at Cleveland, Ohio, and William 11., ^^ ho is en- 
gaged in the cattle business in Washington ter- 
ritory. Arthur Gill (grandfather) was a native 
of Ireland, and an emigrant to this country 
about the close of the American Revolution. He 
settled in Allegheny township, was fond of the 
chase, and was married to Miss Mary Hunnell, 
a member of one of the jiioneer families of the 
county. Cornelius Gill (great-grandfather) was 

a Seceder, and upon the foiuiation of the U. P. 
Churchill 1858 the (Jills became members of 
that denomination. 

John D. Gill attended the common schools 
and academies of the county, and was for three 
years a private student umler Prof. J. G. 1). 
Finley, where he made a specialty of the study 
of Latin and higher mathematics. With Prof. 
Finley he also began the study of law, after- 
wards read in the office of Hon. Ilenrv D. 
Foster and was admitted to the Westmoreland 
county bar in 1871 He is a luling elder in the 
United Presbyterian church and an earnest and 
efi'ective worker in the Prohibition jjarty. He 
was nominated for President Judge on the pro- 
hibition ticket in 1889 and received 27U votes. 
In 1886 he founded the Temperance Banner, 
wiiich was merged into the National Issue 
in August, 1889. It is devoted to the cause 
of temperance, has a circulation of over 4,000, 
and is perhaps more extensively read than 
any other paper of the kind in the State. 
Mr. Gill is secretary of the Greensburg Buildiu'i- 
and Loan Association and has been for fifteen 
years. He was married on June 25, 1874, to 
Agnes B., a daughter of James Gennell and 
Nancy Brown, of Greensburg. To their mar- 
riage have been born live children: Henry S., 
born April G, 1875 ; Arthur B., December 12, 
1876 ; llobert G., January 7, 1879 ; John G., 
April 27, 1882, and Kenneth E., May 31, 1885. 
In 1874 Mr. Gill formed a law partnership with 
Hon. John Latta, the year in which the latter 
was elected lieutenant-governor of Pennsylvania, 
and continued with him until Ajiril, 1886. 

R. THOMAS J. GRACE, a rising young 
[£y physician of Greensburg, was born at 
Milllirook, Mercer county, Pennsyl- 
vania, on February 3, 1865, and is a son of 
John J. Grace, who was born in Sandy Lake 
township, Mercer county. Pa., September 18, 
1837. He is residing at Grove City, Pa., is a 


painter by tnidc and was a solilior in tlie lOOtli 
reg. I'll. Vols., iiaving enlisted in l.Htil. At tiie 
battle of Second Bull Run ho lost his left arm ami 
was also shot through the right arm ami right Irg. 
Ho is a rej)ul)lican in polities and tVom iKiis to 
1871 served as treasurer of Mercer county. His 
wife wasMary E. Anderson, adaughterof William 
Anderson, of Millbrook, Pa. To their marriage 
were born three children : Frances, Charles and 
Thomas J. Dr. Thomas J. Grace, on leaving 
the common schools attended Sandy Lake High 
school, subsequently entered Grove City col- 
lege, from which he was graduated in the class 
of 18S(J. He began the sttnly of medicine in 
the ollice of Dr. J. JM. Martin at Grove City in 
1886, took lectures at the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons in Chicago, and commenced the 
practice of medicine at Greensburg on April 1, 
188it. He is the medical examiner for the 
Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company 
and the benefit e.vaminer for the New England 
Mutual Accident Association. He has been 
signally successful since he began the practice of 
his ])rofession and stands high among his medi- 
cal brethren. He was married to JLss Lillie T. 
Black, daughter of llev. W. A. Black, of Xenia, 
Ohio, on October ^'J, 188it. 

UllTIS HUSSEY G1!EG(;, a member 
of the Westmoreland county bar and e.x- 
city editor of the G reenshunj Press, was 
born at .\damsbuig, Westmoreland county, 
Pennsylvania, August !•, 180;"), and is a son of 
James and Eliza (iJyerly) Gregg. The Gregg 
family is of Scotch-Irish extraction and is de- 
scended from four Gregg brothers, who emi- 
grated during the eighteenth century to Cum- 
berland Valley, this State. One of these broth- 
ers was the great-grandfather of the subject of 
this sketch and the maternal grandfather of 
Andrew Gregg Curtin, ex-governor of Pennsyl- 
vania. Another descendant of one of these 
brothers is Gen. John Irvine Gregg, of the U. 

S. A. James Gregg (father) was born at Car- 
lisle, (Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, in June 
1821. He came west of the Alleghenies when 
(piite a young man and engageil in the mercan- 
tile liusiness at Adamshiirg. In 187/J Ijo was 
elected treasurer of Westmoreland county and 
subsequently was chosen justice of the peace at 
Greensburg, to which he had removed in the 
spring of 187(). He married Eliza Byerly and 
had seven children, of whom three are livini'- : 
William II. Gregg, who is in the employ of the 
Colorado Coal Company at Pueblo, Col uadcj ; 
Anna M. and Curtis 11. Those dead are : 
Minnie, Ada M., George Byerly and Daniel 
Byerly, who was an attorney-at-law and located 
at Pueblo, Colorado, where he died in 1S8G. 
Mrs. Eliza C. Gregg is a daughter of George 
and Hannah (Cort) Byerly. George Bverly 
(maternal grandfather) was a son of Michael 
Byeily, whose father was the celebrated Andrew 
Byerly, who served as one of Col. Bouquet's 
scouts. Andrew Byerly was a baker by trade, 
came from Germany to Lancaster county. Pa., 
where his wile died, and he afterwards married 
Beatrice Guldin. He then removed to the site 
of Harrison City where he reared a family of 
five sons : IMichael, Jaculi and Francis, who mar- 
I'ied three sisters nanieil Hariuon ; Jose])li iind 
Andrew, Jr. (l^'or a full account ol' Andrew 
Byerly see sketch C. Cribbs and C. P. Cojie.) 
One of ^lichael Byerly 's sons was George 
liycrly, who married Hannah Cort, a dan "liter 
of Daniel Cort, who nnirricd Elizabeth Turney, 
by whom he had fourteen children : Joseph. Simon, 
Jacob, Daniel, Jr., ^Vlbert, Kev. Lucian, John, 
Margaret, Hannah, Lavina, Catharine, Eliza, 
Lucetta and Amanda. Daniel Cort was born 
March 5, 1780, and was a son of John Yost 
Curth, who was a native of Feindorf bie_ Sicken 
in ^Vestphalia, Prussia. In 1758, when twenty 
years of age, he came to Ilagerstown, Md. lie 
was a member of the Reformed church and had 
charge of a frontier block-house. He married 
^Margaret Kemmerer and reared a family of 



three children : Joseph, Frederick and Daniel. 
Tliese sons, at the instance of a yankee school- 
teacher, changed their name from Curtli to Cort. 
(lurtis II. Gregg was reared at Adanisburg 
till lie was eleven years of age, when lie came 
with his fallier to Greenslmrg where he received 
his education in the Greensburg, liigii school and 
the Greensburg seminary, lie was employed 
as the city editor of the Greenshurg Press from 
1883 to 1887. He then taught for a short 
period, lie studied law with ex-district at- 
torney A. M. Sloan, who was associated witli 
Judge L. W. Doty, admitted to the bar of 
Westmoreland county in August, 1888, and 
since then has been engaged in the practice of 
law at Greensburg. 


'ILLIAM A. GRIFFITH, one of the 
youngest members of the Westmoreland 
county bar, was born October 9, 18(32, 
at Buena Vista, Allegheny county. Pa., and is 
a son of Hugh C. and Isabel (Lewis) Griffith. 
His father was born November 5, 1829, in 
Elizabeth township, Allegheny county. Pa., and 
became a harness-maker, following his trade at 
Elizabeth, West Newton, IJuena Vista and 
finally at Adanisburg, this county, where he 
remained for twenty-four years. Two years ao-o 
lie removed to Greensburg and engaged in the 
grocery business. He married Isabel Lewis, 
a daughter of Abraham Lewis, who was born 
near Trenton, New Jersey, and whose wife, 
AVillianna Cowan, was a daughter of Captain 
William Cowan, a soldier of the Revolutionary 
war; she was the mother of Senator Ed"ar 
Cowan (see his sketch.) Hugh C. Griffith has 
five sons and two daughters : Edgar Cowan, 
engaged^ in railroad work ; James, in the same 
business in Texas ; Mary E., Thomas W., First 
Lieutenant in eighteenth United States Infantry, 
and now professor of Military science and tac- 
tics in the University of Nebraska, at Lincoln ; 
Anna B., Harry C. and William A. James 

Griffith (grandfather) was a native of Ireland 
who came to the United States when a young 
man and settled in Allegheny county, Pa. 
Before leaving the Emerald Isle he was married 
to Margaret Thompson, by whom he had seven 
children, of whom four sons and two daughters 
grew to manhood and womanhood ; three of the 
sons are yet living. James Griffith was a com- 
mon laborer, but he was endowed with that 
peculiarity of his race — a combination of stron^ 
intelligence and a high sense of honor. He 
believed in the principles of the Democratic 
party, and was a man of good judgment and 
excellent ideas of citizenship. 

William A. Griffith received his education in 
the public schools, the normals at Greensburg 
and the* Southwestern State Normal School at 
California, Pa. At the age of seventeen he 
began to teach and continued in that work until 
he was twenty-two. For two years he was 
principal of the public schools at Penn Station, 
and for two years vice-principal of the excellent 
schools of Greensburg. In 1882 he entered 
the law office of Hazlett k Williams, where he 
did clerical work until October 9, 188-3, when he 
was registered as a law student. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar April 3, 188G, and September 
1 of the same year formed a partnership with 
V. E. Williams (one of his preceptors), under 
the firm name of Williiyns k. Griffith. This is 
recognized as one of the ablest law firms in the 
county, and Mr. Griffith, who was admitted to 
the bar at the age of twenty-three years, already 
enjoys an extensive practice. He possesses a 
keen intellect, is aftable in manner, a diliirent 
and persistant worker, and is destined to make 
his mark in his chosen profession. 

William A. Griffith, on November 5, 1884, 
was united in marriage with jMary, a dauo-hter 
of Adam J. Turney of Greensburg, whose sketch 
appears elsewhere in this volume. Their union 
has been blessed with two children : James Haz- 
lett, born September 23, 1885, and Elizabeth 
Turney, born October 23, 1887. 


r;^EV. NICHOLAS p. IIACKE, 1). I). 

A protuiiient and distinguished position 
ill tlio Iiistory ot" tlio IJofornioil ciiiirch in 
wi'Nicin I'ciinsylviiniii is <)(:<:ii|)ii'(l liy llic liUc 
eminent divine whose niinie iipiiears ul llie lieiul 
of tliis sketch. Dr. Jlucke was born in Hulti- 
more, Md., September 20, 1800, and died at 
Oreensbiirg, Westmoreland county, Pa., August 
25,1878. At six years of age lie was sent to 
Germany to be educated. Alter ten years spent 
in the educational institutions of the " Father- 
land " he returned to Baltimore, where he com- 
menced his theological studies under Kev. C. L. 
Becker and completed them with Dr. J. C. 
Becker, of Friendensville, Pa. 

In 1819 he came to AVestmoreland county, 
by invitation, and preached his first sermon in 
St. Paul's churi;h near Pleasant Unity. lie 
then preached in the old court house at Greens- 
burg and returned east, where he continued his 
studies until September, 1819, when he re- 
ceived a call from Greensburg charge of the 
Reformed church. He was ordained by the 
Synod of Lancaster on September 19, 1819, 
and in October commenced his remarkable and 
successful pastorate at Greensburg, which con- 
tinued for fifty-eight years. He entered upon 
his work witii hopefulness and energy and was 
largely instrumental in making Westmoreland 
county what it is, the stronghold of the Re- 
formed church west of the Alleglienies. His 
charge consisted of six congregations at the 
time he came, and four of tliese he served 
throughout the whole time of his pastoral work. 
At dift'erent periods of his pastorate he liad 
charge of nine congregations : Greensburg, 
Harold's, Brush Creek, Ridge, Ligonier, 
Youngstown, Hill's, Seanor's and Manor. 

Dr. Ilacke was a useful and inlluential man. 
He was the contemporary, personal friend and 
intimate acijuaintanco of six of the presi<lent 
judges of Westmoreland county. Judges 
Young, White, Knox, Burrell, BulTington and 
Logan. Being a man of fine literary attain- 

nients and excellent social (pialities, he became 
intimately ac([uinted with a very large number 
of the h'ading and inlluential citizens of tlie 
(■(iiiHly. Young men entering upon a jirofes- 
sional career always sought his friendshiii arid 
advice as a passport to success. He was fully 
abreast of the times, for he read incessantly but 
with discrimination the advanced thoughts and 
profound speculations of educated writers in every 
department of learning. The present prosperity 
of the Reformed ciiurch at Greensburg and in 
southwestern Pennsylvania is largely due to his 
long and active service in the cause of his Divine 
Master. His remains rest in one of the ceme- 
teries of the town. His residence is still stand- 
ing, which is a substantial two-story brick house, 
and is now the residence of his fomily. From 
his biographer we quote: " Dr. Hacke possessed 
inflexible firmness and a solid character of tem- 
perateness. lie was a thorough German and 
proud of his Saxonancestry. In a good old 
age, crowned with honor and respect, he has 
been gathered unto his fathers, and will not 
rise " till the heavens be no more.' " 

1^ OBERT BROWN HAMMER, a skillful 
1^ young physician of Greensburg and ex- 
V*) coroner of the county, was born near 
Greensburg in Ilempfield township, Westmore- 
land county. Pa., June 25, 1858. His father, 
Jeremiah Hammer, is a native of Westmoreland 
county. Pa., and was born February 25, 1820. 
He followed for some years canal-boat building 
and afterwards bought the Hammer homestead 
near Greensburg. He was married to Maggie 
Anderson, of Saltsburg, Pa. To their union 
were born ten children, six sons and four 
daughters, of whom three sons and three 
daughters are living. George Hammer (grand- 
father) was born near Philadelphia, April 22, 
1781, and married Catharine Brown of the same 
place. John Hammer (great grandfallicr) mar- 



ritMl Hasina I'liind/.in, liotli lioni in tlio east. 
<.jioorj;o llaniiiRT was a sloiie-inasoii ami miller 
l)y trade, and died on iiis fann near (j!roci>3- 
biirg. I'a., in the early part (jf the ei^^hlecnth 
century. Jeremiah ilaiinuer, in eoniieetiun 
with his farm interests, ran a saw and grist 
mill whieli was located i>n his larni ; he also 
opened coal mines on his farm and in jiart siip- 
})lied Grecnsburg with coal for over twenty years. 
The Hammers are of that sturdy German stock 
of people who have been sueli strong element 
in the development and in the making of this 
county what it is. Of Jeremiah Hammer's ten 
children six are living : Theodore, a grocer of 
Greensburg ; Inez, Maggie, William J., a den- 
tist of Greensburg ; Carrie and Robert B. 
The family are all members of the Lutheran 

Robert B. Hammer was educated in the pub- 
lic schools at Greensburg, and for awhile was a 
special student at the Greensburg seminary. In 
1878 ho entered the University of Pennsylvania, 
and after three years as a student was graduated 
from the medical department of that college in 
the class of 1881. lie subsequently took a 
post-graduate course under the instruction of 
the eminent J. Ewing i\lears, of I'hiladelphia, 
making a specialty of microscopic work and 
surgery. He was elected coroner of Westmore- 
land county in 1884 and re-elected in 1887. 
In the Johnstown disaster Dr. Hammer ofliciated 
over two hundred and thirty-four bodies, and 
returned his inquests without any charges what- 
ever. He was the tirst republican coroner ever 
elected in Westmoreland county. He is active 
and ])rogressive in his profession and is well 
skilled in the science of medicine. 

•j" W. HARVEY, M. D. One among the 
"'■" young and rising physicians of Westmore. 
2/ land county is Dr. J. W. Harvey, of Lud- 
wick borough. He was born at Delmont, 
Westmoreland county, Pa., IMarch 31, 1862, 

and is a son of Joseph and Angcline (Metzgar) 
Harvey, 'i'he Harveys are of Irish descent. 
His paternal grandfather, James Harvey, was a 
native of this country. He was a prominent 
democrat during his ilay, served one term as 
sheriff of Westmoreland county and was an 
inlluential citizen of the community in which 
ho resided. One of his daughters is the wife of 
Judge Hunter. Joseph Harvey (father) was 
born at Greensburg in 1829. He always votes 
the democratic ticket and supports the nominees 
of his party, but neither takes an active part in 
politics or cares anything for office. He has 
been a Presbyterian for many years and is a 
ruling elder in that church. He married Ange- 
lina Metzgar, who is a daughter of Daniel 
Metzgar, and was reared near Murrysville. 
Mr. and Mrs. Harvey have had six children, of 
whom four are living. 

Dr. J. W. Harvey received his education in 
the common schools and Murrysville academy, 
and taught one term in the common schools 
during the winter of 1880. He read medicine 
with Dr. J. A. Fulton, now of New Florence, 
and in 1882 entered Jefferson Medical College, 
of Philadelphia, from which he was graduated 
March 2'J, 18S4. Immediately after graduation 
he opened an office for practice of medicine at 
Salina. In the fall of 188G he came to Greens- 
burg and located at Ludwick borough in the 
active practice of his professon, which he has 
continued until the present time. In connection 
with his practice he conducts a drug store, and 
keeps a carefully selected stock of fresh and 
pure drugs, chemicals, toilet articles and per- 
fumery goods. Dr. Harvey is rapidly building 
up a practice in his chosen profession of medi- 
cine, and if present indications are any index to 
the future, he will attain the full measure of 
success that always follows ability and energy. 

He united in marriage with Sarah Moore- 
head, who is a native of Salem township and a 
daughter of W. L. Moorehead, now of Greens- 
burf. Dr. and Mrs. Harvey are the parents of 

wi:s'nioRi:r..i .\i> co uyrv. 

four cliililicu ; I'lmncr, JosL'pli, JMary ami Etliul. 
Dr. llarvcy is a democrat politically anil an 
active inciiiber of the First I'reshyteriun cliiircli 
of (jreensburi;. 

•jr II. IIUBER, proprietor of one of the 
I leading music stored of Greensburg and 
(*J owner of the largest and finest green 
house and conservatory in \\ estnioreland county, 
was born in iMontgoniery county, Pcniisylvania, 
June 20, I808, and is a son of Isaac and Eliza- 
beth (Hood) Iluber. 

The progenitor of the Huber family in the 
United States was Rudolph Iluber (great-grand- 
father), who came from Zurich, Switzerland, 
and died in Philadelphia at forty-eight years of 
age. C)ne of his sons was Henry Iluber 
(grandfather), who was born and educated in 
I'liiladelpliia. He was a fine scholar, served 
as a clerk in the courts of that city and married 
a^MissEngle, of Swiss descent. Their children 
all lived well toward the century mark in years : 
Mrs. Mary Sell attained the age of ninety-three 
years and nine months; Rudolph, Jr., made a 
I'cctu'd of twelve days past his ninetieth birth- 
day ; Josei)h lived ninety-one years, nine 
months and fifteen days ; Mrs. Anna Ocker 
reached half-way between her ninety-first 
and ninety-second year ; Isaac, who is wearing 
well on into the last year necessary to make him a 
nonogenariaii, and Josiah, who lives in Cali- 
fornia and has his four-score years by several 

Isaac Iluber (father) was born in Bucks 
county. Pa., in the spring of 1801 and is still 
living and in the enjoyment of good health. In 
the early part of his life he was a miller. lie 
next i'oUowed weaving and later in life became 
a farmer. When young he went to Montgomery 
county where he now resides. He is a member 
of the Reformed church, has been successful in 
his business pursuits, has always supported the 

Democratic party, served as tax collector of his 
township for several years and in 180-1 was 
elected county commissioner of Montgomery 
county. He marrie<l Elizalieth Hood, a daugh- 
ter (jfJolin llooil, who was a large land-owner 
of that county. They had six children, of 
whom only three lived to years of man and 

J. II. Huber was educated in the common 
schools, Washington Hall select school and the 
public schools of Allentown. Leaving school, he 
engaged in teaching, whicli he followed in Mont- 
gomery and Bucks counties until 1862. He 
was organist for four years of several churches 
in his native county. He subsequently came to 
Greensburg as organist in one of the churches. 
He also organized classes of from thirty to 
forty pupils in vocal and instrumental music, 
which he instructed for several years. He quit 
teaching to engage in his present business of 
selling musical instruments and tuning pianos. 
Later he established his present large and 
beautiful green ohuse and conservatory, which 
is the only one of note in Greensburg. 

On March 19, 1864, Mr. Huber united in 
marriage with Angeline Graff, daughter of John 
and Catherine Frederick (Grail') of Montgomery 
county. Pa. Mr. and Mrs. Iluber have had 
eight children, of whom five are living: John, 
born February 23, 1806, and a florist for his 
father; Charles F., born September 1, 18G7, 
attending Pittsburg School of Pharmacy ; J. 
Nevin, born March 18, 1871, a printer; Harry 
G., born December 3, 1871, attending school, 
and Mary A., born June 2, 1886. 

Politically he is a conservative democrat. 
He is a member of K. of P., Chosen Friends, 
Home Circle and the Second Reformed church, 
of which he is a trustee and choir leader. Mr. 
Iluber has recently patented a lamp shade 
which gives promise of being a great success. 
If properly advertised and pushed upon the 
market it will no doubt take the place of all 
the present ones now in use. 

/oil (fjijii muKsin 



the most energetic and public-s|iirited men 
i)t" Westmoreland county is Ex-State 
Senator (jleorge F. Iluft', of Greensburg, 
a remarkably able and widely-known banker and 
financier. He is prominently identified with 
every industry of any magnitude or importance 
that exists in the county, and was especially in- 
strumental in the organization of many of those 
industries developed within the limits of West- 
moreland daring the last quarter of a century. 
He was born at Norristown, Montgomery 
county, Pa., July 16, 1842, and is a son of 
George and Caroline (Boyer) Huff. His pater- 
nal ancestry dates back to Baldwin Von Hoof 
(now written Huff), who resided on tlie family 
estates near the city of I'assau, Bavaria. He 
was faMU)us amot)g the Bavarian knighthood and 
nobility, and lost iiis life in the first crusade in 
July, lO',*',*, at the storming of Jerusalem. 
George F. Huff's paternal great-grandparents 
were John Frederick and Susanna (Kinie) Huff, 
both natives of Berlin, Germany. The former 
was born July 8, 1734, and died April 26, 1818. 
at Huff's Church, Berks county, Pa., so called 
because of tlie donation of land at that place by 
him for a church site and burial ground ; the 
latter was born on Christinas, 1739, and died 
May 12, 18011. They liad four sons and five 
daughters living in 1818. One of these sons I 
was George Huff, Sr. (grandfather), who was 1 
born August 1, 177'J, at Huff's Church, where 
he followed farming and hotel-keeping until his 
death in ISlo. He married Anna JIull, who 
lived to be nearly ninety-two years of age. Of 
their children one was George Huff (father), 
who was engaged in mercantile business at 
Huff's church for a short time and then re- 
moved about 1840 to Norristown, Pa. From 
there he went to Middletown and five years later 
removed to Altoona, Pa., where he died January 
I'J, 1858, aged forty-five years, four months and 
twenty-si.x days. He iniirried Caroline Kreps 
Eoyer September 16, 1835, at Boyertown, Pa., 

which was named for her family. She died at 
Altoona February 3, 1876, aged fifty-eight 
years, four months and twenty-nine days. 
George F. Huff on his maternal side traces his 
ancestry back four generations to Jacob Biiyer 
(now written Boyer), who came from Germany 
with bis wife and three sons, Valentine, Philip 
and Jacob. The latter had four sons : Piiilip, 
Jacob, Daniel and Henry (maternal grand- 
father), who was born October 19, 1778, and 
died March 18, 1857. He was a member of the 
Legislature from IJerks county in 1823, 4, 5. 6 
and 1831. He was one of the early founders of 
the fiourishing borough of Boyertown, wliich 
was laid out in lots in 1835 and duly incor- 
porated in 1851. He was married ^Lircli 3, 
1800, to Sarah Kreps, who was born February 
28, 1784, and died July 7, 1858. They had 
eleven children, one of whom, Caroline Kreps 
Boyer, married George Huff and was the niuther 
of Senator George F. Huff. 

At four yea|-3 of age George F. Huff was 
taken by his parents to Middletown, Dauphin 
county, Pa., where he attended the public 
schools until 1851, when his parents removed to 
Altoona, Blair county. There he attended the 
public schools till at the age of seventeen years. 
He then entered the shops of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company at Altoona to learn the trade 
of car-finishing. After three years of assiduous 
labor he received, without solicitation upon his 
part, a high recommen<lation from his railroad 
employers to the banking house of William M. 
Lloyd i Co., who were at that time the leading 
bankers of Blair county. They invited him to 
take a position with them, which he accepted. 
In 1865 they sent him to Ebensburg, Cambria 
county, Pa., to establish a banking house. In 
that mission he was successful beyond the ex- 
pectations of all concerned, and in one year was 
recalled to the home house at Altoona. In 1807 
he removed to Greensburg and established the 
Greensburg Deposit Bank of Lloyd, Huff k Co., 
with branches at Latrobe, Irwin and Mt. Plea.s- 

'. :j^^f^^^^'^3^)^- 

]vkstm()Ri:la nd co unty. 

ant. Tlicso banks went out of Imsincss in ^H1',\ 
on account of the serious financial embarrass- 
ment of tlie senior member of the firm, Mr. W. 
M. Lloyd. In JS71 Mr. I lull' organizeil the 
Farmers' National itank of dreenshur',', wilh a 
capital of §10U,0U0, and was its first president, 
remaining at the head of the bank until 1^74, 
when he took the active management of its busi- 
ness as cashier and General Kichard Coulter 
was elected president. Subsequently the olVicers 
of the bank procured an act of Congress chang- 
ing its location and name ; it then became the 
Fifth National Bank of Pittsburg, and upon its 
removal to that city Mr. Huif was chosen vice- 
president, which position he held until 187tj, 
when he resigned. In 1874 he helped organize 
the Greensburg Banking Company, one of the 
soliil and substantial banking institutions of 
western Pennsylvania, and few banks in the 
state wield such an influence or maintain so 
prominent a position in the confidence of the 
public as this bank. He was elected cashier of 
the Greensburg Banking Company and served 
as such until 1887. His management of this 
institution was based upon wise, safe and 
economical financial principles, which best sub- 
serves and largely protects the business interests 
of the county, and this conservative manage- 
ment of the bank has held its ani]ilc resources, 
secured its inmiense deposits and built up its 
Avonderfully lai-ge volume of business. He is 
also a director of the First National Bunk of 
Greensburg. lie is largely interested in the 
coke ami coal industries of Westmoreland county 
and "as mainly instrumental in the establish- 
ment of the Greensburg Coal, the Ilempfield 
Coal, tlie Argyle Coal, the Unitfd Coal and 
Coke, the Mutual Mining and Manufacturing, 
the Manor Gas Coal, the Latrobc Coal and the 
Carbon Coal Companies, which furnish employ- 
ment for many hundred men. Col. George F. 
Huff also took an active and prominent part in 
the organization of the Southwest Pennsylvania 
Railway Company, whose main line passes 

through the heart of the celebrated Conncllsville 
coke and coal region. 'I'ijis road has been ever 
since its construction one of the best paying 
railroad properties in the United States. Ho 
was its treasurer until that ollice was removed to 
Philadelphia, and since then has served as a 
director. He is identified with and director in 
the Greensburg Electric Street Railway Com- 
pany, Greensburg Fuel Company, Greensburg 
Gas (illuminating) Company and Greensburg 
Steel Company. He is president of the Greens- 
burg Electric Light and Westmoreland \\'^ater 
Companies and has been an important factor in 
the development of the Jeannette natural gas 
region and the building of the town of Jeannette. 
At Burrell, the adjoining station, he lately 
donated seven acres of land for a manufacturing 

To the material development of Greensburg, no 
citizen of the place has contributed more than Sena- 
tor Huff. He has built a fine residence, put up a 
block of brick buildings and has erected on South 
]\Iain street the finest and most imposing business 
building within tlie county — a structure of archi- 
tectural beauty and pernument solidity, which is 
pronounced by competent judges to be equal in 
every respect to any building of its size in either 
Philadelphia or New York. His " Rose Foun- 
tain Farm " which adjoins the borough, contains 
about one hundred and eighty acres of land, with 
its four miles of drive, handsome groves, large 
iish jionds and many sjirings of pure, cold water; 
it has become a favorite drive ami pedestrian re- 
sort for the citizens of Greensburg. 

Senator Huff was married March lij, 1871, to 
Henrietta Burrell, of Greensburg, daughter of 
Hon. Jeremiah Murry Burrell, formerly presi- 
dent Judge of the Tenth Judicial District of 
Pennsylvania, and afterward United States as- 
sociate judge of the territory of Kansas, and who 
died at Greensburg on October 21, 1850. To 
Senator and Mrs. Huff have been born eight 
children, of whom four are living : Lloyd Bur- 
rell, the eldest, is now attending the Renssehcr 



Polytechnic Institute, at Troy, New York. 
Mrs. Iluft" is active in church work, intcri^stcd 
in lior hushiiiKl'ij Iju.sinosn ull'iiiis ami counwuis 
wilh iiiiii 1)11 all hi.s iiii|i(irlaiit (.'iitcriiriscis. 

ScuatDi' ( icor^^c K. Hull' is a ])r()grcs.sive re- 
publican and " can justly claim a larj^cr personal 
political following than any other man in his 
county." His political career commenceil in 
ISSO, when he came into national prominence in 
the repulilican convention at Chicago as one of 
the " < >hl Guard," or " Immortal 306," which 
was led by the imperious and incorruptible silver- 
haired senator of New York in support of the 
" Great Commander" for the presidential nomi- 
nation. In 1884 Mr. Hufl' was the republican 
candidate for State senator in the Thirty-ninth 
Senatorial District, comprising Westmoreland 
county. He was elected by seven hundred ma- 
jority over his democratic opponent, and served 
his constituents of all parties faithfully for four 
years as a member of the State Senate of Penn- 
sylvana. In 1887 he was nominated for Congress 
in the Twenty-first District by the republicans 
of Westmoreland county, but the nomination 
was secured after a close contest by S;iniuel A. 
Craig, of JelTerson county, the district being 
Westmoreland, Indiana, Armstrong ami Jeffer- 
son counties. ''Socially, lie is the same affable, 
approachable gentlemen to high and low alike, 
and has won success and position in life by his 
intellectual ability, untiring energy and indomi- 
table perseverance. He is now in the very 
jirime of matured manhood and the zenith of his 
power is yet before him. 

rJYn.LIAM A. HUFF. One of the young 
and progressive bankers of Westmore- 
land county and western Pennsylvania 
is the gentleman whose name appears above. 
William A. Ilufl" was born in Altoona, Pa., 
January 21, 1850, and is a son of George and 
Caroline (Boyer) Hufi'. (For ancestry see 
sketch of Col. George F. Huff.) 

William A. Huft' was reared and educated at 
Altoona, Plair county, T'a., learned telegraphy, 
entered the cmijhiy of the Pennsylvania Hail- 
I'oad (.'iiMipany and served fur two and onc-iialf 
years as a telegraph opeiatur in tlieii' (cilices from 
Pittsburg to llarrisburg. In June, 1873, he 
engaged in banking and since that year has 
been principally employed in various positions, 
latterly as cashier, by the Greensburg Banking 
Company, whose i)lace of business is at Greens- 
burg. February 17, 1885, he united in mar- 
riage with Catharine E. Heller, who is a daugh- 
ter of Captain F. P. Heller, of Reading, Pa. 
They have three children: George F. Huft", Jr. 
born January 1.5, 188G ; Rose Caroline Huff, 
born September 18, 1887, and Edith Angeline 
Huff, born February 24, 1881*. 

W. A. Hufl' is a member of Greensburg Coun- 
cil, No. 44, Royal Arcanum, ami Greensburg 
Council No. 82, Junior Order of United Ameri- 
can Mechanics. He is prominent in the Masonic 
fraternity, being a member of Westmoreland 
Lodge, No. 61'J, a High Royal Arch Mason of 
Urania Chapter, No. 152, a Knight Templar of 
Kedron Commandery, No. 18, and has taken the 
Mystic^ Shrine degree of Freemasonry. His 
business (jualifications and well-known integrity 
have recommended him to the leading men of 
various successful enterprises, and he is now 
treasurer of the Greensburg and llempfield Elec- 
tric Street Railway, Dunbar Dimension and 
]5uilding Stone, Greensburg Coal, Alexandria 
Supply, (ilobe Sand and Stone and South Fork 
Supply Companies, and of the Westmoreland 
and the Home Ruilding and Loan Associations. 
He is a director of the Hemjifield Coal, Carbon 
Coal and Greensburg Electric Light Companies, 
and of the First National Bank of Greensburg, 
which was organized in 1881 and is one of the 
flourishing banks of that place. He is also sec- 
retary of the Corona Coal and Coke Company of 
Corona, Ala. The rapid strides Greensburg is 
making toward taking her ])lace as a leading c(ty 
of Pennsylvania is largely due to her intelligent, 


honorable ami eiiturprisiiig citizens, among 
whom none are more prominent or favorably 
known than AVilliam A. Ilufl", business re- 
lations have broiij^lil him in iniiiiicl with iind 
seutireil lor him tiie good will dI' the hading busi- 
ness men of the State, lie is cashier of one of 
tlie most substantial and best conducted banking 
houses in western Pennsylvania. This institu- 
tion was organized as the Greensburg Banking 
Company by Col. George F. Ilutf and several 
other of the leading capitalists of Greensburg, 
who are prominently identiiied with the coal and 
railroad interests of this county and who stand 
high as business men and able financiers. This 
bank is the depository of the Pennsylvania and 
Southwest Railroads, and its eastern correspond- 
ents are the National Bank of the Republic and 
Cassatt & Co., Philadelphia, and the American 
National Bank of New York City. It is one of 
the oldest banks in Greensburg, and its con- 
stantly iiici'casing volume of business is correctly 
and rapidly transacted by W . A. Hull', lie is 
a reliable and efficient cashier and has won an 
enviable reputation for good judgment, correct 
business methods and financial ability. 

I president judge of the tenth judicial dis- 
(2/ trict (Westmoreland county) of Pennsyl- 
vania, is the son of Scotch-Irish parents, who 
were married in Lancaster county in 1832 and 
remiived to this county in Iwll ; he was born 
April 18, lS;jr), in Lancaster county. Pa., and 
is a son of James K. and Eliza (Stewart) Hun- 
ter. ' James K. Hunter was a native of London- 
derry, Ireland, entigrated to the United States, 
and died at Greensburg in 1879 at the age of 
ninety years. His wife, I'^liza ^stewart, was 
boi-ii in (!oiiiity Tyrone, Ireland, and died Octo- 
ber ",•, ISSli, al tli<' age of eighty-seven. 

After receiving a conimun scIukiI education 
Judge Hunter ubtaineil uii academic training by 
his own eilorts, teaching conniion ami .select 

schools for some years. Having read law at 
Greensburg with Judge James Todd, formerly 
of Philadelphia, he was ailmitteil to the bar in 
18r)8 ami at once hc^gaii )iniriiir in this county. 
His first partner was (Jnl. .1. \V. (ireenawalt, 
who died from a wound received in the battle of 
the Wilderness ; his second partner was Hon. 
J. R. McAfee, afterwards editor of the Tribune. 
After the death of Jacob Beaumont, his third 
partner. Judge Hunter formed a partnership 
with W. 11. Klingensmith, with whom he con- 
tinued until a])pointcd to the bench to fill the 
vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Judge 
James A. I^ogan. He was commissioned by 
Gov. Iloyt, July 1*2, 1879, his commission run- 
ning to the first Monday of January, 1880, and 
took the oath of oOice July 14, 1879. In the 
fall of that year he was the candidate of the Re- 
jiublican party for the same othce, and was 
elected by a majority of more than a thousand 
although the county was Democratic. He re- 
tired from the bench January 5, 1890, having 
pr'esided for more than ten years over the courts 
of the county with ability, firmness, fairness 
and faithfulness, and carrying with him the con- 
fidence and esteem of the bar and of the public. 

In 1.§G9 Judge Hunter was elected to the 
Legislature of Pennsylvania, but on account of 
professional duties refused to stand for re-elec- 

On. September 20, 1859, he married Cynthia 
A. Ilarvey, a daughter of Major James Harvey 
(deceased), who was sherilf of Westmoreland 
county in 1810-44. In politics he has always 
been a republican, taking an active part in all 
important campaigns, and he so avoided giving 
oU'ense to opponents and conducted all political 
atl'airs with so much shrewdness that whether suc- 
cessful or not he always gained new friends while 
retaining old ones. He is recognized as a man of 
much political forecast in his party, is just and 
fair and a sworn enemy of the '•cliques" and 
"rings" whose unscrupulous methods so often 
defeat the will of thi; p(;0|ile. 



twa adjoining townships in Westmore- 
iiiiiil county anil at places not a half 
dozen miles apart, were born two of tiio chief 
magistrates of the " Keystone State." 'I'hey 
were William Freame Johnson and John \Vhite 
Geary, both of Scotch— Irish descent. AVilliam 
Freame Johnson, Governor of Pennsylvania from 
July 26, 1848, to January 20, 1852, was born 
at Greensburg, Westmoreland county, Pa., No- 
vember 2'J, 18U8, and was a son of Alexander 
and Eli/.ubeth (Freame) Johnson. Ale.xander 
Joiinsou was of Scotch extraction. He was 
boin in county Tyrone, Ireland, .July 10, 177o, 
and died near Youngstown, this county, July 
10, 1872. He came to America in 17'.l7 an<l 
soon thereafter settled at (ireensburg, where he 
niarrieil Elizabeth, second daughter of ^Villiam 
Freame, who was a native of lielfast, Ireland, 
and had fought under Wolfe at Cjtiebec. Mr. 
and Mrs. Johnson reared a family of eight sons 
and two daughters. Ale.xander Johnson held 
several important county offices and was the old- 
est Mason in the United States at the time of his 

William Freame Johnson received but a limi- 
ted common school and academic education, but 
by reading and study acquired a vast fund of 
information. He read law with Maj. John B. 
Ale.xander, was admitted to the Greensburg bar 
in May, 1829, and removed to Armstrong county, 
where he soon rose to a position of commanding 
inlluence. He was appointed district attorney, 
represented the county in the Assembly of Penn- 
sylvania for several years, and in 1847 was elec- 
ted a member of the State Senate. He was an 
acknowledged political leader and his bill author- 
izing the State to issue relief notes in alleviation 
of the panic of 1837 made liim very popular 
throughout Pennsylvania. In 1847 he was 
elected president of the Senate, and as such 
served as acting governor from the resignation 
of Governor Shunk in 1848 until a new elec- 
tion could be ordered. At this election, held in 

the same year, Senator Johnson received 168,- 
522 votes for governor, while his democratic 
ojjponent, Morris Longstreth, received 168,225. 
As govenujr he took a great interest in the 
mining and manufacturing interests of the State, 
and it is due to his unceasing eflorts that we have 
to-day the •' Colonial Records " and "Pennsyl- 
vania Archives." He was nominated for re-elec- 
tion by the Whig party but was defeated. Upon 
retiring from olfice lie engaged actively in busi- 
ness pursuits in western Penn.sylvania for several 
years. During the late war he rendered valua- 
ble service in organizing troo])s for the Union 
army, in fortifying Pittsburg and aiding West 
^'irginia with ammunition in a critical hour 
when she was invaded by a Confederate army. 
President Johnson appointed him collector of the 
port of Philadelphia, and, although he served 
elliciently for several months and made a splen- 
did record as a collector, yet he was rejected by 
the Senate on account of their hostility to the 

On April 12, 1832, Governor Johnson mar- 
ried Mary Monteith. To their union Avere born 
five sons and two daughters. 

Governor Johnson through life was a man of 
uncoumion physical powers, iron will and untir- 
ing energy. Amid all his cares of business and 
responsibilities of office he preserved his reputa- 
tion for honesty, integrity and morality. His 
life of usefulness closed on October 25, 1872, 
when he passed to the unseen world. He left 
behind him a record of which his native county 
may well be proud, for he faithfully discharged 
all the duties of the various stations in life 
which he was called to fill. 

XOSEPH J. JOHNSTON, a prominent mem- 

Jber of the bar, was born July 12, 1886, at 
Pleasant Unity, W^estmoreland county. Pa., 
and is a son of William and Julia Ann (Gorgas) 
Johnston. John Johnston (grandfather) was born 
in county Fermanagh, Ireland, where he married 


Miss McLuuj^liliii, iiinl witli lior omiiriatcd to the 
United States siiortly after tlieir maniaj^e, set- 
tling in Uicliniond, ^'a., whence lie went to 
Frederickshiir;^, .''aiiie Slate, thence to lla;;er.s- 
town, Md., and rniallv In Caiii^le, I'a., uheii! 
lie reniuined until his death, lie was by trade 
a tinner and coppersmith, in religious belief a 
presbytcriau and was the father of six children, 
four sons and two daughters, one of whom was 
William Johnston (father), who was born Decem- 
ber 25, 1800, in Fredericksburg, ^'a., but reared 
at Carlisle, Pa. From Carlisle William John- 
ston came to Westmoreland county, locating at 
rieasant Unity about 182(J or 1828. Nearly all 
his life he followed his trade, which was the same 
as that of his father. He was an ardent demo- 
crat, served many years as justice of the peace, 
and in 1840 was elected to the Legislature of 
Pennsylvania, serving three terms, having twice 
been re-elected. lie was tall in stature, courte- 
ous and popular, and a leading citizen of the 
county. lie served in the Legislature previous 
to the adoption of the common school system, of 
which he was an earnest advocate and a strong 
supporter. Ilis wife was Julia Ann, a daughter 
of Samuel Gorgas, of York county. 

Josejih J. Johnston was educated in the ])nlilic 
schools at the Sewickley academy, after which 
he was an assistant teacher in that academy and 
taught nine years in the schools of his native 
county. Having ijuit teaching, he was engaged 
for two years in the oil business in Venango 
county, anil then began reading law with K. .1. 
Keenan. He was admitted to the bar, and since 
that time has been successfully practicing his 
profession. Although an earnest, faithful and 
able democrat he has never aspired to political 
office but takes a great interest in the public 
schools, having been a member of the board 
since 186'J. He is a member of Philanthropy 
Lodge, No. 225, A. Y. M., a'Royal Arch Mason, 
a Knight Templar, and has taken the Mystic 
Shrine, one of the highest degrees of Masonry. 

In 185U Joseph J. Johnston was married to 

Louisa C, a daughter of Jesse Kilgore, of Hemp- 
field township, this county, and they have eight 
children: John K., supervisur on the .Monmi- 
gahclu city divison of ihr I'. V. \ (,'. K. |{. ; 
Anna Mai-y, wife nf Williani C. JN'opK.M, an at- 
torney of (ireensburg ; William A., a civil engi- 
neer and assistant supervisor of the P. U. 11. at 
Philadelphia; Jesse K., a civil engineer; Wil- 
helmina, a graduate of the Greensburg hi"h 
school ; Joseph B., a telegrapher ; Gertrude and 
Bessie L. Joseph J. Juhnston is a modest and 
unassuming gentleman, who possesses considera- 
ble ability and an unblemished reputation. 


\^J Greensburg, 

■'I* Westniureland county. 


•fOSEPII W. B. KAMERER is a popular 
I physician of Greensburg, whose many 
QJ years of skillful and successful practice 
have made him distinguished in his profession. 
He was born three-fourths of a mile east of 
Penii station, in Hempfield (now Penn) town- 
shi|), We.itmoreland county. Pa., September 2'J, 
1845, and is a son of Jose])h and Elizabeth 
(Smith) Kamerer. Among the worthy German 
pioneer settlers of Hempfield township was Dr. 
Kamerer's paternal great-grandfather, who came 
with his family from Morrison's Cove, Bedford 
county, in 1780. He settled about the time 
that the Clines, Detars, Drums, Mechlincrs, 
Turneys, AValthours, Byerlys and numerous 
other staid, hardy, tlir^ty and intelligent Ger- 
man families came into the country, and these 
German pioneers to a large extent gave char- 
acter to the township, ami from them have de- 
scended many honorable and honored citizens of 
AVestmoreland and adjacent counties. The doc- 
tor's grandfather, Adam Kamerer, was born ia 
Bedford county and came with his father, Lewis 
Kamerer, to Westmoreland in 1780. He mar- 



ried a Miss Smith, and one of his .sons, Joseph, 
■was born July 14, l^iOS. Joseph Kanierer was 
a very successful fiiruier, an active ileuioerat, an 
earnest member of the German Reformed church, 
and who died April (J,- 18.01. At his death he 
left considerable wealth, all of which he had ac- 
quired by hard work and good management. On 
January 4, 18"J7, he married Elizabeth Smith, 
■who was born December IG, 180G, and passed 
away October 17. 1879. They had nine chil- 
dren, of whom three sons and two daughters are 
living. Mrs. Kamerer's father, Simon Smith, 
■was of German descent and a soldier of the 
war of ISI'2. Ilis wife was a member of the 
Whitehead family, Avho were pioneer settlers 
near Irwin station, this count)'. 

Dr. Kamerer received his education in the 
common schools, Irwin and Harrison City acad- 
emie.s, and learned the languages under a pri- 
vate tutor, who was a fine linguist. At twenty- 
one years of age he commenced the study of 
medicine with Dr. J. ^I. Stevenson at Adams- 
burg, now of East End, I'ittsburg, Pa., matric- 
ulating in the fall of 1809 in Jefl'erson Medical 
college, I'liiladelphia, from which well-known 
institution he was graduated March I'J, 1871. 
Imnieiliately after graduation he couimeiieed 
])ructiee at Larimer's station, AVestmorcland 
county, I'a., and there followed his profe.ssi(jn 
with fair success for about one year. In 187-J 
he removed to Penn station, wiiere lie leuiained 
for over a year. Siiiee 1.S74 be has been a 
jjiaetieiiig physirian at Greensburg. 

Oil .Inly -i, 1879, i)r. Kamerer was united 
in marriage to Miriam E. Trauger, a daughter 
of Solomon Trauger. They have one child, a 
son : Paul Trauger Kamerer, who was born 
April 28, 1888. 

Dr. J. W. B. Kamerer is a member of Ener- 
getic Lodge, No. 7L>, Knights of Honor, \V'est- 
moreland Lodge, No. 518, A. Y. M., and Cen- 
tennial Lodge, No. 100, A.'O. U. W. He is a 
democrat who believes imidicitly in the cardinal 
principles of tlie Democratic party and is an at- 

tendant ujiou the Services of the Presbyterian 
church. His practice i.s extensive and he com- 
mands the confidence of the public. 

jf^EONAUD KECK. A man of great en. 
y 1 ergy and sjtecial business abilities and 
proprietor of the " Five mammoth stores " 
at Greenslmrg is Leonard Keck, who, during 
his active business career has won a measure of 
success second to no other member in commer- 
cial circles in southwestern Pennsylvania. Leon- 
ard Keck was born in \Vurteinburg, Germany, 
April 12, 1849, and is the youngest son of 
Christian and Rosa (Schwartz) Keck. Chris- 
tian Keck was a son of Adam Keek, a farmer 
and native of Wurtcmburg. He was a farmer 
by occupation, a regular attendant and strict 
member of the Evangelical Lutheran church, 
and died in the " Fatherland " October 9, 1881. 
In 1832 he married Rosa Schwartz, daughter of 
Andrew Schwartz. They had ten children, of 
whom nine are living. 

Leonard Keck was reared on a farm, received 
his education in the pay schools of (jermany and 
learned the trade of linen weaver, which he fol- 
lowed for two years. At seventeen years of ai'o 
he resolved to seek his fortune in the United 
States, and accordingly he with his brother 
Frederick embarked on a westward bound vessel 
and landed at New York city June 28, 18GG. 
Not Securing any remunerative employment in 
the metropolis of the new world, he came to 
western Penii.sylvania, wliere he dug coal and 
worked at whatever oftered to his hand for three 
years. His beginning, while not auspicious, was 
indicative of persistent energy and an entire 
willingness to labor unceasingly. In 18G9 he 
removed to Greensburg, where he became a clerk 
in the store of Donohoe k Bro., who had a larcre 
German custom, and Mr. Keck was employed 
by them on account of his being able to speak 
the German language. J[r. Keck had now en- 
tered upon the business for which lie was emi- 

1». .. 





neatly (juulified. For eleven years lie reniuined 
in their einjiloy, where lie acquired the actual ex- 
perience necessary to successfully conduct larj;e 
mercantile interests. In IHtSO he kit the well- 
known firm of ])onalioe k J>ru. and engaj^ed in 
business for himself. He ojiened a small store on 
Main street, where liis room was not one-half as 
large as any one of the five departments of his 
present mammoth business establishment. This 
initial effort of his in the mercantile business was 
about the time when Greensburj^ first began to 
give promise of her future importance as an in- 
dustrial and commercial center of westein I'enn- 
sylvania. For^six years he successfully con- 
ducted his Main street store, never interesting 
himself in politics or engaging in speculations, 
but gave his entire time and attention to his busi- 
ness. Securing only reasonable profits on legiti- 
mate transactions, he soon acquired a patronage 
and a volume of business that required for its 
accommodation a far larger room and stock of 
goods than he then owned. To meet this de- 
mand he enlarged his present site on South Main 
street near the court-house. 

On October 23, 1S73, Mr. Keck was married 
to Lydia A. lions, daughter of (ieorge lions, of 
New Stanton, Pa. They have four children : 
Joseph Edward, born June 30, 1875; Charles 
Warden, June 2G, 1877 ; Anna Marie, August 
29, ISSf), and Helen Winifred, January 3, 

C»n the basis of honorable dealing Mr. Keck 
lias built up ail iiiunciise tnide, and his large 
business establisluiicnt is (li\ided into live coiii- 
modious rooms or deiiaitiiieiits. The first room 
or store is the clothing, hat, cap and gent's fur- 
nishing department ; the second is filled with 
dry goods and notions ; the third contains boots 
and shoes ; the fourth is stocked with wall pa- 
pers, oil cloth and carpets, and the fifth is de- 
voted to groceries and queensware. Each de- 
partment is under tlie charge of an experienced 
manager and every attention is given to accom- 
modate the public. His sales yearly are in the 

neighborhood of |200,000. His establishment 
is the re]>resentative house in the mercantile 
trade of Westmoreland county ; every foot of 
its great area of floor space is needed for an 
adecjuate display of the stock ami goods, and 
among its patrons are numbered the leading 
families of the town and county. Mr. Keck is 
one of the most active and prominent citizens of 
Westmoreland county and is a model business 
man. lie takes a deep interest in the material 
and commercial welfare of Greensburg, and is 
strictly honest, a plain, unpretending, straii'ht- 
forward man of business experience, great en- 
ergy and executive ability. 

^ DWARD W. KEENAN, a popular young 
^SJ democrat of AVfstmoreland county, is a 
son of jNIajor John B. and Lucy (West) 
Kcenan, and was born at Youngstown, Westmore- 
land county, Pennsylvania, August 17, 18;j7. 
His paternal grandfather, James Keenan, was a 
miller of Youngstown. He married Isabella 
Johnson, by whom he had seven children. His 
maternal grandfather, Robert West, kept one of 
the early hostelries of Youngstown. His father, 
Major John B. Keenan, was born in Y'ounrrs- 
town February 12, 1832, and fell at the head 
of his command in the battle of Spottsylvania 
court house. May 8, 18G4. Major Keenan 
was a hotel keeper at Youngstown until the 
breaking out of the late war, when he raised 
Co. K, eleventh Reg. Pa. A'ols. and was eom- 
niissioncd its captain. .\t Manassas Cap, in 
the thickest of the fight he was struck in 
the right shoulder by a iiiinnic-ball which 
deprived him of all use of his right arm as long 
as he lived. For gallantry he was piomoted 
to be major and was always at the head of 
his command until he was killed. He was a 
democrat and left five children: Edward W , 
Frank, clerk at the B'lsher house; Mary E. 
wife of II. A. Donnelly of Latrobe, and two 
who arc dead. Major Keenan's many good 

BioainrnrKS of 

qualities cndoarcd liiin to his iiuineruus friends. 
His death was a shock to the pe()])lc of the entire 
county and was deeply regretted by all. 

Edward W. Keenan wan cdiicutiMl in the puli- 
lie schools of Youngstown. Following in the 
footsteps of his ancestors, he engaged at an early 
age in hotel-keeping. With his brother he next 
conducted the Keenan house. In lHH',i they 
took charge of the Fisher House at Greensburg, 
and conducted it until September, 1880. He 
leased the Parker House in 1886 for two years ; 
since the expiration of this lease he has not been 
engaged in any business. 

On January 10, 1884, he was married to 
Anna Jack {nee Eason), widow of William Jack 
of Greensburg, and daughter of John Eason, of 
Indiana county. Pa. Mr. and Mrs. Keenan had 
one child: J. Hilary, born January 23, 1885. 
Mrs. Keenan died November G, 1885. E. W. 
Keenan takes an active part in political matters, 
and in June, 18^9, he was a candidate for the 
democratic nomination for sherift". He made no 
canvass, yet lie received nearly two thousand 
votes and was next to the nominee. He is pop- 
ular and well known throughout the county. 

A. KEENER, a popular young justice 
of the peace of Greensburg, was born 
'f May 21, 1851, in Hempfield township, 
Westmoreland county, Pa. His father, ]\Iichael 
Keener, was born in the same township in 1813. 
He was a democrat, was elected commissioner 
of Westmoreland county and served one term 
during the war. He also served as jury com- 
missioner and was clerk of the board of county 
commissioners for several years. For many 
years he was an influential worker in his party, 
and was a member and an ofl'icer in the Lutheran 
church. He died in December, 1888, being 
confined to his bed for fifteen years before his 
death. He bore his sufferings patiently ; he was 
a man of great force of character, possessed a 
wonderful memory and was universally respected 

for his many good traits of character. For 
twenty-one years, he taught school ; ho was a 
great reader and a man of scdiolarly attainments. 
His wife was I'lli/abeth Snyder, a iiativt! of 
Greensburg, who was boin in 1H13. She is 
living in good health and is a daughter of Adam 
Snyder, who was born in Hempfield township. 
Adam Snyder wa-s a son of Adam Snyder, who 
came to the county from Germany and was one 
of the pioneers of Western Pennsylvania. Mi- 
chael Keener (paternal grandfather) was proba- 
bly born in Scotland. 

W. A. Keener received his education in the 
common schools and at the Greensljurg academy. 
For some years he was engaged in the business 
of butchering with Herman Hainel. In 1883 
he was elected to the ollicc of justice of the 
peace and served so acceptably to the people 
that he was re-elected to the same office in 1888. 
He is a democrat, a member of the First Re- 
formed church of Greensburg, Pa., and is a 
member of several beneficial societies. He was 
married to Miss Barbara, a daughter of Renja- 
min Eiseman, of Hempfield township, April 30, 
1874. Their marriage has been blessed with 
five children, now living: John M., born May 
1!), 1875; William A., September 2, 1877; 
C. R. Defenbacher, June 13, 1884 ; Violet Be- 
atrice, October 27, 188(3, and Benjamin Eise- 
man, December 19, 1888. Walter, born De- 
cenJjer 3, 1879; died September 1, 1885, and 
Herman Henry, July 5, 1881 ; died April 3, 

r^ L. KEFFER. The wonderful develop- 
f^J ment of the mineral wealth and the rapid 
(*) increase of the population of Westmore- 
land county has created a great demand for 
flouring mill supplies, and the outgrowth of tliis 
demand has been the establishment of some as 
fine flouring mills as can be found in the State. 
Of this number is the Derry Roller Flour Mill, 
whose proprietor, H. L. Kefl'er, is one of the 


foremost business men of the county, lie is a 
son ot" Captiiin Mieliael and Jane (Clark) Keft'er, 
anil was born in Ligonier townslii]), VVestniore- 
Jand county, I'a., Uctober 28, 1832. The 
Amcrieaii branch of the Iveller family traces 
its ancestry back through three generations to 
Michael Keffer (grandfather), who was born at 
Berlin, now capital of the German Empire but 
then of the Prussian kingdom. lie came to 
Somerset county, Pa., where he was one of the 
founders of the beautiful town of iierlin. He 
served in the war of 1812, was a German Lu. 
tlierau and a man of excellent character. One 
■of his children was Captain Michael Keft'er, 
who was born at Berlin, Pa., June 3, 1811, and 
passed away on April 5, 1884. His wife was 
Jane Clark, who was born July 1), 1810, and 
survived hira but one day. 8he was a daughter 
of John Clark, a leading citizen of Westmore- 
land county and sister to Hon. James Clark, 
who served as one of the governors of Iowa 
territory. (For extended notice of John Clark 
see sketch of J. C. Keft'er). Captain Michael 
Keft'er commanded a volunteer company called 
the " Ligonier Blues " for many years, lie reared 
a family of ten children and gave all of them a 
good education. Of these children, who grew 
up to be respectable men and women, seven are 
yet living. He was an old line whig until 
1854, when Know-Nothingism drove him into the 
Democratic party anil all his sons became ilemo- 
crats. He was an earnest member and pillar of 
.strength of the Kvangclical Lutheran churcli, of 
whii'h his entire luuiily were members. An 
earnest advocate of the free school system, an 
exemplary citizen and a Christian gentleman, 
his loss was deeply felt in his township, where 
he commanded the respect of all who knew 

H. L. Keft'er received his education in the 
common schools and Latrobe High school. At 
Hcventeen years of age he engaged in teaching, 
which he pursued for four years and then turned 
his attention to farminj; which he followed for 

two years. He next embarked in the general 
mercantile business at Youngstown, where he 
remained for three years. In 1887 he came to 
(jreensbiirg and iMitered into partnei'ship with 
his brother, J. (!. Keller, in the grain business. 
Two years later he purchased an interest in the 
Greensburg flouring mill, which he disposed of 
early in 1890 and became a member of the firm 
of Keft'er Bros. They purchased the " Derry 
Roller Flour Mill," and are manufacturers of 
flour, corn meal, chop, etc., and dealers in all 
kinds of grain. The mill is thoroughly eijuijiped, 
has the roller process and a capacity of seventy- 
five barrels per day. They have a fine local 
custom besides shipping flour and mill-feed to 
many points outside of the county. 

On January 22, 1880, II. L. Keft'er united 
in marriage with Maggie McClelland, a daughter 
of Archibald McClelland of Pittsburg, who is 
an architect and contractor and whose wife was 
Mary Funk, by whom he had six children. 
The McClellands are of Scotch-Irish descent. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Keft'er have been born three 
sons and two daughters : Nellie, George, who 
died of diphtheria in 1889 ; Jennie, John and 
Harry M. (dead). 

II. L. Keft'er is a democrat and a member 
and ofticer of the Evangelical Lutheran church. 

JOHN CLARK KEFFER, ex-prothonotary 
I of this county, chief burgess of Greens- 
11/ burg, and a judicious business man of strict 
integrity, was born on the old Keft'er home- 
stead farm in Ligonier township, Westmoreland 
county. Pa., June 23, 1837, and is a son of 
Captain Michael and Jane (Clark) Keft'er, His 
paternal grandfather, Michael Kefl!"er, was born 
at Berlin, Germany, and came to Somerset 
county. Pa., where he became one of the founders 
of the town of Berlin, which was so named at 
his suggestion in honor and rcnunnbrance of 
the eajjital city of the " Fatherland." He was 
a soldier in the war of 1812, but would never 



apply for a pension. He was a whig, a mem- 
ber of the (ierinan Lutheran ciiiuch and was 
twice nianietl. His maternal grandlathci-, John 
Chifk, was one of tiie most proiiiimiit and suh- 
Btanlial eilizens of lliu eoiuity in liis day. lie 
served fur several years as justiee of the peace 
at Ligonier, was appointeil protlionutary of 
Westmoreland county by Gov. Joseph Ritner, 
was elected to the same oflice by the jteople in 
1840, and died in 184'J while serving his second 
term. His records are among the finest to be 
found in the county. His wife was Mary Ram- 
sey, who bore him nine children. One of his 
sons, James Clark, was governor of Iowa terri- 
tory, while another served in tiie ))ust-otlice 
department in Washington city. Captain xMich- 
ael Ketl'er was born at Berlin, Pa , June '5, 
1811, and died April 5, 1884. He married 
Jane Clark, by whom he had ten chiKiren, of 
whom seven are living. (Fur i'luther account 
of Captain Keller, see sketcii of 11. L. Keller.) 

John C. Keller attended the common schools 
of Litronier township and Sewickley academy. 
He commenced life as a school teacher in his 
native county, where he taught thirteen consecu- 
ive terms. He spent four years in farming 
and was engaged in the mercantile business for 
thirteen years, during the must of which time 
he conducted a store at Latrobe. In ISS;] i\Ir. 
Keller came to (ireensburg, where he has resided 
ever since. 

He was united in marriage October 19, 18G5, 
with Lottie S. Lobingier, a daughter of John C. 
Lobingier of Mt. Pleasant township, who is a 
descendant of the old and honorable liobingier 
family wiiich was so cons|)ieuous in the Kevoiu- 
tionary history of Eastern Pennsylvania and 
Westmoreland county. 

J. C. Keffer is a member of the firm of 
Keller Bros., proprietors of the " Derry Roller 
Flour Mill." In 18(;.3 he enlisted in Co. F, 
fifty-fourth regiment, Pa. Militia, and served in 
()hio in the force that cajitured (ieu. John H. 
Morgan. He is a mend)er of /ioa Lutheran 

church, of Greensburg, and P. A. Williams 
Post, No. 4, G. A. K. Mr. KefTer has always 
been an active democrat. He served from 1883 
to 188t! us protlionotary of Wesluioruland 
county, anil at the I'Vbiiiary election of 18l)(> 
he was elected chief burgess of Greensburg. 
His course of action as a public officer has 
always been in the best interests of the people 
of Greensburg and the county ; his career as a 
business man has been distinguished fur bunoty 
and fair dealing, and his life as a piivaie citizen 
has been such as to rellect honor upon him. 

^ DWARl) B. KENLEY, a Uniun veteran 
^S)/ of the civil war, and a prominent and 
successful business man, is the eldest son 
of Richard B. and Lucinda (Turney) Kenley, 
and was born (near Harvey's five points) in 
IIem})tield township, Westmoreland county. Pa., 
March 5, 1845. His great-grandfather, Richard 
Kenley, a native of Howard county, Md., re- 
moved with his two brothers to Philadelphia, 
Pa., where he met and married a iNIiss Ilarmer. 
She was a member of an aristocraticand wealthy 
family of Philadeli)hia. Her sister was the 
wife of Gen. O'Hara of Revolutionary fame, 
who was a trusted friend of Washington. His 
grandfather. Dr. Charles J. Kenley, was a 
practicing physician of Pliiladeli)hia ; leaving 
there in 18liO he came to Franklin townshij). 
Westmoreland county, where he lived a retired 
life for many years. He inherited great wealth, 
was a lu.xurious liver, liberal in all his dealings 
and lost many thousand dollars by endorsing 
for bis frifiiils. When at about Bi.\ty-(ive years 
of age his horse tlirew him and he died from the 
injuries received. Although fond of high living 
and open-handed in his hospitality he left con- 
siderable wealth to his family. His wife, 
Clarissa Saylui', was of English descent and a 
member of a Philadelidiia family of high social 
standing. Dr. and Mrs. Kenley had live 
children, four daughters and one son, who grew 

)vi:sTM(>nELA yi) co vnty. 

til iii;iii anil wniuiinlHiinl. Ills i'alljcr, liicliard 
J{. Kuulc'V, wa.s born in I'liilailnliiliia, l'Vl>niaiy 'J, 
1821, wlio witli his father came to Franklin town- 
ship wlieii at the ago of nino years. Ho startoil 
in the ilni;; husinoss for himself, Imi soon lel'l 
the (Irii;^ trailo and operated fur two years 
a general merohandise store at Weaver's 
Old Stand. After his retirement from the 
mercantile business he removed to Liidwieic in 
1857, where he engaged in the grocery business 
and at the same time opened the first lumber 
yard in Westmoreland county of whieli we have 
any knowledge. His death occurred March ii, 
1.S87. lu May, ISl:!, lie was married to 
Lucinda 1'urney, a da\ighter of Jacob Turney 
and a sister to Hon. Jacob Turney (see sketch 
of the Turneys). To Mr. and Mrs. Kenley 
■were born eleven children : Edward B., Mar- 
garet T., Lucy, Nannie, wife of Kobert Hughan, 
an engineer ; Carrie L., Charles Harmer, as- 
sistant cashier of the First National bank of 
Jeannette. Mrs. Kenley was born September 
25, 1819. 

Richard B. Kenley was a conscientious man 
and a ruling elder in the Presbyterian church. 
He was an ardent temperance man, an active 
democrat and a zealous Ciiristian worker. lie 
served seven terms as sciioui director in liiiil- 
wick jjorough and was freipiently a member of 
the town council. He was elected U> the ollice 
of justice of the peace under (Jov. Packer's ad- 
ministration and served fur live years in that 
ollice most acceptably to ihe ]n'iipie. 

Edward B. Kenley was reared at the county- 
seat and attended the common schools. At 
si.xti'cn years of age he left his school books and 
entered the Federal service, enli.^ting .July 4, 
1861, in Co. A, si.xty-second reg. Pa. \'ols., 
commanded by Col. (afterwards General) Samuel 
Black, a Mexican veteran, who was subsecpiently 
killed at Gaines' Mill. In March, 1.SG2, he be- 
came Gen. Silas Casey's secretary and was re- 
tained in the same office by Gen. Peck, who 
succeeded Gen. Casey in command of the brig- 

ade. Mr. Kenley was wuiniileil at l''air Oaks 
anil afterwards taken prisoner in Southern \'ir- 
ginia, hut fortunately was rescued by his com- 
rades in a few days. He was honorably dis- 
charged from the Miviee July 1 ii, 18(14, when 
he served for a time in the Adjutant General's 
ollice at Washington city. He refused a civil 
service ajipointment, returned home and served 
for a short time in the Provost Marshal's ollice 
at Allegheny city. Leaving Allegheny, he en- 
gaged in the oil business, but in one year left 
the oil region and entered Dartmouth college 
where he remained two years. He returned 
liome and for a time read law, but the profession 
of law did not suit him and he engaged in the 
grocery and lumber business with his father. 
Since his father's death he has successfully con- 
tinued in these lines of business. He is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Honor, Union Veteran 
Legion and Grand Army of the Republic. He 
is a graduate of the Iron City lousiness and 
Commercial college ; he adheres to the political 
faith of his forefathers, which was purely demo- 
cratic and is a tliorouj'h business man. 

J. KING. One uf that highly resj)ccta- 
' ble class of men who owe honorable stand- 
ing in society ami remarkable success in 
business to their own unaided effort, is D. J. 
King, who is now a resident of Greensburg. He 
was born in Somerset county, I'a., November G, 
1820, and is a son of John King and Elizabeth 
Neff. His paternal grandfathei was a native 
of this country and reared a large family. He 
removed to Somerset county where his son, John 
King (father) was born. He was a farmer by 
occupation, a whig in politics and a prominent 
member of the M. E. church. He died in 1814. 
His wife was I'^lizabeth Neff, who bore him two 
sons and one daughter. She was the daughter 
of Michael Nelf, who was of German descent 
and followed farming in Somerset county. 

D. J. King attended the subscription schools 



of SoiiKTsct cuiuity luilil lie WHS ill'ietii yoar.s of 
age, when lie beg;ui life lor liiiii.self with the 
hunhible aiiil)itiou of winning hononible success 
anil a eonifortalile home. ]Io starteil out in life 
with nothing hut strong arms and a willingness 
to work and a firui determination to succeed, 
and the nniny obstacles which he encountered 
never disheartened him in his hard struggle 
for a competency. He worked as a farm 
laborer until 18811, when he removed to AVest- 
moreland county where lie rented farms for 
fifteen years, and by good farming secured means 
to purchase a desirable farm of one hundred and 
fifty-seven acres in Ilempfield township. lie 
then devoted his time and energies to the devel- 
opment and improvement of this farm until it is 
now one of the best improved and most valuable 
farms in tliat section of the county. In 1838 
he removed to Greensburg where he has resided 
ever since. 

In 18-18 he united in marriage with Mary Ann 
Simpson, a daughter of William Simpson, of 
near Mt. Pleasant. To Mr. and Mrs. King 
have been born twelve children, of whom ten are 
living : Rebecca, wife of David Music, of Adams- 
burg ; William S. King, D. B. King, who gradu- 
ated at Lafayette college, where he was afterward 
professor of Latin for some years and is now a 
prominent member of the New York city bar 
and a very successful lawyer; Fannie, wife of 
Joseph W. Stoner; Theodore, of Richland 
county, Ohio; Tlieophilus, of Alpsville ; Prof. 
]?yrnn W., who is principal of the Curry school 
of t'loculion ami oratory of J'itl>liiii-g, and who 
ranks as one of the foremost elocutionists in the 
United States ; Frank A., Jilaryetta and John 
II., of Paintersville. 

D. J. King has been a democrat since 18G3. 
He has held the townsliip offices of ta.x collector, 
assessor and school director, in which his execu- 
tive ability, sound judgment and intelligent 
action made him successful and popular. lie was 
a deacon in the Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian 
church, and since his removal to Greensburg 

has been a member of the i'resbyterian church 
of that place. Mr. King is a man who had 
tilwuys had the courage to act upon his convic- 
tions, and although slow in forming conclusions 
yet is firiii in their dc^fense. 

^^ILAS A. KLINE, a prominent member 
(^j of the Greensburg bar and a descendant 
is of one of the substantial pioneer German 
families who have added so largely to the wealth 
and prosperity of western Pennsylvania, was born 
in thehistorical village of Bou(iuet, Westmoreland 
county. Pa., November IS, 1844. lie is a son 
of Lewis and Catharine (Cort) Kline, the latter 
a daughter of Daniel Cort and a sister of Rev. 
Lucian Court, of Greensburg. S. A. Kline's 
paternal ancestry can be traced back to Peter 
Kline, of Lancaster county, Pa., but whether he 
was a native of that county or came from Ger- 
many is not known, lie was the father of 
three sons, of whom the eldest, John, only lived 
to manhood. John Kline served under the com- 
mand of Gen. Washington at Valley Forge. 
After a season of active service and exposure he 
became seriously ill. On his recovery he was 
transferred to the commissary department and 
given charge of the foraging parties or troops 
who collected supplies for the army. After the 
close of the Revolutionary war he married a 
Miss Mace and settled on a farm (inherited by 
his father) near Millersburg, Lebanon county, 
Pa. He remaine<l on a farm for a number of 
years. Recausc of the jjart he took in the Revo- 
lutionary war the tories in that neighborhood 
persecuted him by destroying his fences, crops, 
property, etc. He became alarmed as to the 
safety of himself and family, so much so that his 
wife prevailed upon him to rent the farm and 
remove to Kentucky. They left the farm in 
charge of a tenant and started on their western 
journey, crossing the Allegheny mountains on 
pack-horses. On the way to Fort Pitt they came 
to a place where the roada forked, near where 

^« ,,!• 



tlio town of Ciriipi'viUo now stanils. 'I'lioy took 
tlie roml tluit sueinuil the most tniveletl uml it led 
them to the Manor settlement instead of Fort 
Pitt. After going some distance tliey liaitod at 
a spring for rest and to water their horses. Upon 
inquiry of a woman making hay in a mea(h)w 
close by the road, they were informed of not be- 
ing on the right road and also that "a terrible In- 
dian outbreak " had just occurred. They believed 
the story of cruelty and murder committed on the 
frontier by the Indians as related by the woman. 
John Kline was prevailed upon by his wife not 
to go any farther. The good people of the set- 
tlement extended to them their hospitality, lie 
settled in a garden spot of Westmoreland county, 
on the •' I'ainter Improvement," sold his horses 
and pursued his traile, that of a weaver. lie 
founded a family noted for its industry, intelligence 
and integrity. His children were : John, 
William, of Adamsburg ; George died young ; 
Samuel went west ; Polly married Peter Kemerer 
and removed to Illinois; and Catharine, who 
married Daniel Kemerer and settled in Iowa. 
They continued to live in that neighborhood for 
years. Kline was besides a weaver, etc., a con- 
veyancer and the business of conveyancing oc- 
casioned him several trips to Philadelphia fur the 
purpose of examining titles, and on one of his 
trips to that city, as is su[)posed, he mysteriously 
disappeared and was never heard of by his wife 
and family. His family settled in the neighbor- 
hood of Adamsburg. John, the eldest son, eared 
for the widow iiiid family. He helped to clear 
away the forest and build the first log cabin in 
that village. When he grew to manhood he 
married Nancy Buchman, a native of llagers- 
town, Md. They had a family of eleven chil- 
dren : Henry, Joseph, Jacob, George, John, 
Lewis, Isaac, Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Klingen- 
smitli; Catharine, who married (ieorge Lose; 
Sarah, wife of Nicholas Naley, and Susannah. 
Lewis Kline (father) was a carpenter by trade 
but abandoned his trade years ago and bought a 
form near Bou(juet, in Penn township, where he 

engaged in farming and where he now resides. 
He is a democrat and a member of the (Jerman 
Reformed church at Manor. 

S. A. Kline is the eldest of five brothers and 
six sisters : Edward C, who lives in Iowa ; 
Franklin J., Daniel L. and Ab T., attorney-at- 
law at Denver, Col.; Sidney, wife of li. D. Fos- 
ter; Margaret, wife of P^dward Fox; Cynthia, 
now deceased, was intermarried with Peter Naley ; 
Ida, who died young ; Amanda, intermarried with 
G. Speis; and Jennie, intermarried with William 
Glunt. He received his early education in the 
common schools but is one who might justly be 
accorded the honor of being a self-made man. At 
eighteen years of age he started out in life ibr 
himself, and by dint of hard manual labor, 
drilling of oil wells, etc., in the northwestetn 
part of the State, and by teaching school he saved 
enough money to secure an academic education. 
In 18GU he entered the law office of Hon. Jac. 
Turney, at Greensburg, Pa., as a student, and 
was admitted to the bar in May, 1871. In 1872 
he was associate editor and proprietor with W. 
J. K. Kline, of the Westmoreland Democrat, 
in which position he showed remarkable aptitude 
for journalism. In 1873 he was appointed 
deputy sherift" umler Alex. Kilgore, Es(p, serv- 
ing in that capacity until January 1, 187r), after 
which time he engaged in the active practice of 
law. In 1877 he was elected district attorney 
of Westmoreland county and served in that office 
two terms with marked distinction, his term ex- 
piring January 1, 1884. Mr. Kline has an ex- 
tensive and lucrative practice and has taken part 
in many of the important cases tried in the 
county, always with credit. He is invariably 
found on the side of the oppressed and always 
the ready and able champion of the laboriuT 
man. He was favorably spoken offer Congress 
in 188G. 

On January "21, 187.'J, he was married to 
Elizabeth Eacr, daughter of Adam and Mary 
(Uannibaugh) 15aer, of (.ircensburg. Mr. and 
^h■s. Kline have three children: Wade 'i'liriiey, 



boiii Aiiiil 1, 1877; George riuiuiner, Imni June 
2!t, 1.S78; aiul IJi'Ssio M., burn Drci'iiilicT 8, 

S. A. Kliiir liciaiiic 11 iiHiiilicr of ('(•iiti'iiiiial 
l.iMlgc, No. KM), A. (). l. W., ill l.S7li, Imviiig 
joiiiL'tl ;is ;i cliurter iiioniber ami lias ever since 
taken an active part, serving in every capacity 
as an ollicer of liis subordinate loJge. In 1870 
he became a member of the Grand Lodge and 
lias served on many important committees. In 
1884 he was elected Grand Overseer, 1885 
Grand Foreman, and in 1886 Grand Master 
Workmen of the jurisdiction of Pennsydvania. 
In 1888 he was elected Supreme Kepresenative 
and represented his jurisdiction at the session of 
the Supreme Lodge at Omaha. lie is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Honor and represents his 
lodge in the Grand Body. lie is also a member 
of the Kiiyal Arcanum. He joined the I.O.II. 
in 1888, is a charter nifuiber ut' (ircensburg 
Conclave, No. 174, faithfully and earnestly rep- 
resented his conclave at the sessions of the Su- 
preme Conclave, held in Richmond \w., in 
Ajiril. 188U, and is District Supreme Represen- 
tative for liis district, No. 7. In religious faith 
he adheres to the doctrines of the Reformed 
church, having united with that denomination in 
early life at the old Manor church. In 1878 he 
transferred his membership to the First Re- 
formed church of Greensburg. In 1881 he was 
elected by that congregation as one of the build- 
ing comiiiittee; during the continuance of that 
coiiiiuiitcc lie acted in a dual capacity as secre- 
tary and treasurer. On account of his many 
years of jiolitical experience and special qualifi- 
cations as a supervisor and manager, he was 
selected in July, 1889, as chairman of the 
"Westmoreland democratic county connnittee, and 
is now acting eliiciently in that very important 
political position. The party under his manage- 
ment and direction achieved a signal victory, 
electing the entire ticket by an unusually large 
majority, including the judge, the first democrat 
elected to the bench in the county for forty years. 

R. K'LINK. The Kline family has 

long licen ])roiiiinent in Westmoreland 
loiuily. 'I'lie fust of the name to sirttle 
hero was .lolin Kline, it pioniurr, who came from 
the eastern jiart of this Stale shortly after the 
Revolutionaiy war. He was a son of Peter 
Kline, who lived in Lancaster county. Pa., in 
that part which is now Lebanon county, but 
whether he was a native born or an emigrant 
from Germany is not known. John Kline took 
part in the Revolutionary war umler the com- 
mand of Washington at A^alley Forge, and after- 
ward was assigned to the commissary depart- 
ment and placed in charge of foraging parties. 
Soon after the close of the war he married Miss 
Mace and followed farming for several years. 
He then migrated westward with his wife and 
family on horseback and located in the vicinity 
of Grapcville. He made frc([uent journeys to 
Pliihidi'lpliia to examine titles, as he was a con- 
veyancer as well as farmer. At last he made a 
trip to that city and was never afterward heard 
of by his family. His sons, John and William, 
settled in the vicinity of Adamsburg. George 
died single and Sanmel went to the southwest 
and was never heard from by his friends. The 
daughters were : Polly, who married Peter 
Keinerer and located in Illinois ; Cathei'ine, 
who married Daniel Kemerer and settled in 
Iowa ; John, the eldest son, married Nancy 
Ruchman, of Hagerstown, Md., purchased prop- 
erty in the manor of Denmark, where he lived 
and had a large family, one of whom, John by 
name, was the father of Amos B. He settled 
on the farm known under 'William Penn's patent 
as " Landsdowne," in the Denmark Manor dis- 
trict in Penn township. He was a prosperous 
farmer and owned and operated the Bouijuet 
mills for a time. He was energetic, industrious 
and strictly honest. In 1832 he married Eliz- 
abeth Knappenberger, daughter of John Knapp- 
enberger, of an old and early settled family in 
the Manor district. He died in December, 
1855, aged forty-si.x years. They had ten cliil- 

1 i 


(Ircn : Ilczekiali J., wlio died in McDuiiouf^li 
county. 111., ill IXG'J; William J. K., A. M., 
jM.D., a piiu'ticin;^ pliyHiinuii of (JruciiMljiiri^ 
.siliCd 1K7I mill wlio wiiH olrcli'il II iiiciiiIjci' III' iJid 
Sliiti! liCf^iHliUiiro ill IHTd; Nidiolas L., ii clciilisl, 
now at Scottiliilo; Mary Ann, nuuriuil to Daviil 
L. Snyder; Henry, who entered the Union 
army and died at New hern, N. C, in 1803, 
aged twenty-one years ; Lydia E., wife of Cyrus 
J. Snyder; Amos J>. ; Kev. Alpha K., who 
graduated from Franklin and Marshall college 
and is a minister in the Reformed church, and 
Jacob, who died in infancy. iMrs. Kline was an 
energetic and intelligent woman, with her mind 
unimpaired to the time of her death. With 
rare tact, good judgment and the exercise of the 
Christian virtues she reared her family well, 
always commanding their love. She died March 
11, IS^O, in the eighty-seventh year of her 

Amos B. Kline was born near the historic 
village of Bourjuet, in Penn township, ^Vcst- 
niin-cland county, I'a., April ID, liSi;], and is a 
son of John and I'^lizaiii'th (KiKippcnbergcr) 
Kline. lie received a liberal coiiiiuou school 
and academic education. In September, ISOli, 
lie volunteered in Co. C. twenty-second reg. Pa. 
militia, which saw several weeks of service on 
the southern borders of the State. Leaving 
school, he tauglit several terms of public school. 
During IHiii") and 18ll(i he was 8ii|)erintendcnt 
of the (yiirUiw and Iliglilaiul Oil companies, two 
organizations operating at Hurning Springs, \V. 
A'^a., after wliicli to further prepare himself to 
follow some business pursuit he entered East- 
man's Business college, Poughkeepsic, N. Y., 
from which lie graduated in the spring of 18li7. 
lie then embarked in the drug and grocery 
business at Irwin, which he quit two years later 
to accept the position of assistant superintendent 
and bookkeeper with John S. Love, of Pitts- 
burg, who was then constructing the Cove rail- 
road from Ilollidaysbiirg. In October, 1873, 
lie became a partner with liis brother. Dr. W. J. 

K. Kline, in the publication of the Westmore- 
land Democrat and liepuUican. They enlarged 
the paper, changed the name to Wcxhiiorvldud 
Driitiicral and iimdii it a live and iniporlniit 
weekly, taking a leading part in politics and 
ably discussing the issues of the day. Mr. 
Kline took part in the editorial work and was 
general manager until the fall of 1882, when 
they sold the paper. They then purchased a 
large coal field in the vicinity of Pleasant Unity, 
which they sold to William Thaw, of Pitts- 
burg. They afterwards bought fifteen hundred 
acres of gas-coal lands in Manor valley, and 
were instrumental in the building of the Manor 
A^alley railroad and organizing the Manor Gas 
Coal company, in which they held an interest 
until 188(j. Since 1x86 Mr. Kline lias been 
dealing in real estate in Westmoreland and 
Allegheny counties. During 1889 he and his 
brother. Dr. Kline, bought several tracts of 
land and laid out West Wilinerding, an addition 
to Wilinerding, in the latter county, on the lino 
of the P. K. B. This addition is fast building 
11)) into an enter])rising city. AmosB. Kline is 
still a dealer in coal lands, holding interest in 
sevenil valualjle tracts besides town projierty. 

lie united, on September 17, 18811, in mar- 
riage with Elizabeth B. Kays, daughter of D. 
S. Kays, of Pittsburg. 

Ill politics Mr. Kline is an unswerving demo- 
crat. In ri'ligioii he is a nieiiiber of the Be- 
foniied churcli and during 1888 and 18>S!I aided 
with his time as chairman of the building com- 
mittee, and his means in the erection of the new 
church, known as Denmark Manor Reformed 
church, which ranks among the most handsome 
country churches in western Pennsylvania. The 
rapid and unprecedented growth of AVestmore- 
land county and her score of busy and prosper- 
ous towns has quickened into wonderful activity 
the business of her real estate dealers. Among 
these is Mr. Kline, whose energy, wide-awake 
spirit and experience has enableil him to reap 
success in that line of business as well as in all 



other commercial in -wliicli he has 
been interested. 

young attorney of Greeusbiirg, was born 
^ January 2, 1859 at Crestline, Ohio, and 
is a son of II. Byers and Harriet L. (Moritz) 
Kuhns. Bernard Kuhns was of German de- 
scent and one of the early settlers of Northamp- 
ton county. Prior to 17S0 his son Philip 
Kuhns settled near Greensburg and was elected 
sheriff of Westmoreland county in 1798, and 
died March 28, 1823. He married Eliza, 
youngest daughter of Dr. David Marchand, by 
whom he liad eight children, one of whom was 
Joseph II. Kuhns (grandfather) born in Sep- 
tember, 1800, and graduated from \Vashington 
college in 1820. He was admitted tn the bar in 
1823, having read law with Major John P. 
Alexander, whose sister afterwards became his 
wife. After practicing law successfidly for more 
than a quarter of a century he was elected in 
1850 by the Whig party to Congress from the 
district at that time composed of Westmoreland, 
Somerset, Indiana and Fulton counties. Prefer- 
ring his profession to public life he declined a re- 
election and returned to ])rivate life. He was 
first married in 1825 to Margaret .\.lexander, of 
Carlisle, Pa., by whom he had eight children, 
one of whom was H. Byers Kuhns, who was born 
in Greensburg, Pa., graduated from Washington 
and Jefl'erson college and admitted to the bar of 
AVestmoreland county in February, 1849. II. 
Byers Kuhns was a soldier in the Mexican war 
and served throughout the contest. He entered 
as third sergeant but was promoted to second 
lieutenant, being commissioned by President 
Polk. During the entiie civil war he was with 
Gen. Coulter, seiviiig in the adjutant general's 
oilice. lie was a good niathcnuitician and an 
excellent writer. He was married to Harriet L. 
Moritz, by wlmm he hud three children : Julin 
A., manager of the Fnrt Wayne ( Indiana) iron 

works, who is married to Adele Bond of that 
city ; Margerie, who died in 1880 at the age of 
twenty-five, and George Edward. 

George E. Kuhns prepared for college in the 
public schools of Greensburg and in 1878 
entered the freshman class at Washington and 
Jefferson college from which he graduated in 
1882, being tlie third of the family that has 
claimed that institution as alma mater. He read 
law Avith his father and was admitted to the liar 
in 1885, since which time he has been successfully 
engaged in the practice of his profession. 
George E. Kuhns is an active democrat, a mem- 
ber of the Sons of Veterans, a printer by trade, 
which he learned in his younger days. 

ANIEL KUNKLE, one of the substantial 

^ ' and successful business men of Greens- 
burg, is a son of Major Michael and Mary 
Mechling Kunkle and was born one mile north 
of Greensburg, Hempfield township, Westmore- 
land county, Pa., February It!, 183(J. Daniel 
Kunkle is of German descent. His father, 
Major Michael Kunkle, was born near New 
Alexandria, this county, and was a prosperous 
fanner. He was a democrat, an active member 
of the German Reformed church, and major in a 
military regiment of Westmoreland county. His 
wife was Mary Mechling, by whom he had five 
sons, of whom three are living : Amos, who re- 
sides on the home farm ; Michael lives near Jack- 
sonville, Mich., and Daniel. Mrs. Kunkle was 
a daughter of Jonas Mechling, a descendant of 
one of the early settled families of the county. 
Daniel Kunkle was reared on a farm, where he 
was thoroughly trained to farm work and taught 
to be industrious, honest and economical. His 
education was I'cceived in the common schools of 
his native county. He left the farm and the 
school-room to enter into business at Greens- 
burg. He was successfully as well as actively 
engaged in the lumber business and operated a 
jdaniiig mill. Since 1881 ho has devoted his 


time to superintending his fine farm adjoining 
Groensburg and in looking after his extensive 
and valuable town projierty. 

On Oitolier IS, IS,')H, ho married Uebeeca 
Smith, daugiiter of Kdward Smith, of Lalrobe, 
I'a. She died and left two sons : Harry, born 
July 15, 18o'J, married Vernie Blair, of Ashta- 
bula, Ohio, and William, born January 18, 18lJl, 
and married September, 1803, to Alice Wilson, 
of the last named place. Harry and William 
Kunkle are thrifty, energetic and prosperous 
citizens of Ashtabula, which is situated on Lake 
Erie in northern Ohio. They are engaged in 
the lumber business and have several tug-boats 
^vhich bring in and take out of Ashtabula harbor 
all the boats and other lake craft that frc<[uent 
that i)ort. On October 23, 1884, Daniel Kun- 
kle married for his second wife Wary Gault, 
daughter of Samuel Gault, by whom he had one 
child: Eilna, born " Independence Day, " 1SS7. 

Daniel Kunkle is a republican but has taken 
no active part in political matters of late years, 
and never had much time or inclination for 
politics. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
church and has been throughout his life a 
straightforward and thorough going man. He is 
eminently a self-made man and by his earnest 
■will and untiring industry has accumulated con- 
siderable wealth. He is a good citizen and a 
successful business man. 

youngest son of Rev. Francis and Mary 
V») (Moore) Laird, and is of Scotch-Irish and 
English descent on the remote paternal side. 
His great-grandfather, John Laird, was the son 
of a gentleman of county Donegal, Ireland, who 
married an English lady, and owned in per- 
petuity a farm of ninety acres which is still in 
the Laird name. John Laird married in Ireland 
a lady named Martlia Russell, and emigrated 
with her to America about 1760, and settled in 
York, now Adams county, Pa., in the manor of 

Mask. He there reared a family, of which one 
was ^Villlam Laird, his youngest son and the . 
grandfather of 11. I'. Laird. William l.aird 
inherited his father's farm in Adams county, 
married Jane McClurc, and became the father 
of several children, the youngest of whom was 
Rev. Francis Laird, D. D., who was educated 
at Dickinson college, Carlisle, Pa. He came to 
Westmoreland county, was installed over the 
churches of Poke run, in this county, and Plum 
creek, in Allegheny county, and continued to 
preach till 1854. He was a man of unusual 
ability, a fine classical scholar and an excellent 
mathematician. lie was an able theologian and 
a highly est(*med minister. He was clear in 
thought and faultless in exprosion, and in 
recognition of his ability and learning, W ash- 
ington college conferred upon him, unsought, 
the doctorate of divinity. He married Mary, 
daughter of Hon. John Moore, who was the first 
president judge of Westmoreland county, and 
who also was a member of the first Constitutional 
Convention of Pennsylvania and a State senator 
prior to 1790. 

Rev. and Mrs. Laird were the parents of 
several children, Harrison P. being their y(jung- 
est son. He received his early education under 
Jeremiah 0' Donovan, a superior teacher of his 
day, and Rev. David Kirkpatrick, D. D., a fine 
classical scholar. He then entered Jefferson 
college, Washington county, Pa., from which he 
was graduated. After graduation he assumed 
charge of Madison academy, Ky., for one year 
and then entered Transylvania university, at 
that time the most renowned institution in the 
great valley of the Ohio, and took courses of 
lectures for a year. At the end of that time he 
returned to Pennsylvania, read law with Hon. 
Charles Shalerof Pittsburg, was admitted to the 
Allegheny county bar, and immediately after 
admission located in Greensburg, where he is 
still engaged in the practice of his profession. 

Shortly after his arrival at Greensburg, H. P. 
Ijaird was elected to the State Le;;islature for 


tlircu ti'iiiis ill .siicii^ssiuli, iilid us clininunii (if 
tliu bank coiiuuiUeL', lie drew up the bunking 
liuv of IV'niisylvaiiia of I.STjO. In ISSO lie was 
cU'ctfil to iliu Stato sciiale iVoui tlio lliirty-nintli 
senatorial district, liien consisting of Wcstniore- 
laiul county, ami served for four yeais in that 
body witli fidelity to liis constituents and credit 
to liiniseif 

•jr.VMKS yi. LAIRD, one of tlie editors of 
I the Pennsylvania Argus, is a uieiubcr of 
(2/ an old and most highly respected family of 
the county ; he was born December 13, 1837, 
in Murrysville, Westmoreland county, Pa., and 
is a son of John M. and Rebecca (Moore) Laird. 
The Lairds are of Scotch-Irish and English ex- 
traction. One of the ancestors, John Laird, 
\vas a resident of County Donegal, Ireland, 
whose farm is still in the Laird name. John 
Laird (great-great-grandfather) married in Ire- 
land a lady named Martha Russell, and with her 
emigrated to America, settling in York county, 
afterwards in Adams county. Pa., where he reared 
a family of which the youngest son ^Villiam 
Laird (great-grandfather), who married Jane 
McClure. Francis Laird, the youngest sou of 
this marriage (and the grandfather of James M. 
Laird), was a Presbyterian minister and began 
his clerical career about 1800 in Westmoreland 
county. He marrieil Mary jMoore, whose father, 
Hon. John Moore, was the first president ju<lge 
of W'esimorelaud county and also a State sena- 
tor. The eldest of the sons of Rev. Francis 
Laird was John M. Laird, father of James M., 
■who died January 25, 18S7. lie was editor of 
the Arc/us from 1850 to the time of his death, 
and succeedeil in making it one of the leading 
weekly pajiersof the State. John M. Laird was 
a democrat of the old school and was a vigorous 
champion of the principles of the party to which 
he belonged. He was a man of very decided and 
positive views on all <i[Uestions and fearless in 
the e.xiiression. Duriii'^ the civil war lie was 

persecuted beyond endurance by rea.soii of his 
convictions, and many times was his life threat- 
ened and his ollice besiegeii by mobs, but he 
boldly and bravely bid delianco to all attempts 
against his [leison or property. He was elected 
and served one term as register and recorder, 
and was for many years a justice of the peace, 
both ill Minrysville and Greensburg; while 
serving in the latter place he was coroner by 
common consent, no coroner being elected dur- 
ing his term as justice. Although able and 
deserving he never aspired to State or national 
positions. He was a friend and intimately ac- 
quainted with James Buchanan, Thaddeus Ste- 
phens and the leading characters of that day. 
Edwin M. Stanton learned the printer's trade 
with him while he was editor of the Steubenville 
(Ohio) Gazette. lathe " Buckshot war " Mr. 
Laird was a private, taking his own arms with 
him. He Avas first married to Mary Martin of 
the State of Ohio, by whom he had one daugh- 
ter, Mrs. George W. Ilankey, of Franklin 
township, this county. After her death he mar- 
ried Rebecca, a daughter of James Moore, of 
near New Alexandria, who died in 1875, and 
who bore him four children : James M. Laird 
and Francis V. B. Laird, the present editors of 
the Argus ; Kate R., and William, who died in 

James M. Laird was educated in the common 
schools and in the printing office, where he has 
spent liis life. He and his brother are editors 
and proprietors of the Argus, a weekly demo- 
cratic jiaper, which is one of the most widely- 
known and quoted journals in the State. He 
with others organized the '' Arthur St. Clair 
Guards," known as Co. I, tenth reg., N. G. P., 
and was elected captain December 31, 1878, 
Avhich position he held more than four years, 
when he was elected major of the tenth reg., N. 
G. P. He held that position until the captaincy 
of Co. I became vacant, when lie resigned to ac- 
cept his former position, that of captain of his 
old coinmaud, in which capacity he remained 



until June 10, 1888, when he resigned. lie 
■was also orderly sergeant of Co. C, in the fifty- 
fourth reg., Vol. militia (in tlic U. S. service), 
whicli went out in July, l!^(J;i, to I'epel or cap- 
ture •* Morgan, the confederate raider." 'I'lie 
capture of this noted guerilla chieftain was 
cflected while raiding througii Ohio, and is a 
part of tiie history of the great Rebellion. Mr. 
Laird is an uncompromising democrat, a fear- 
less and forcible writer and a man of much 
ability and practical experience. 

James M. liuird was united in marriage 
April 13, 186;'), with Sarah B. Fulhvood, then 
a resident of Pittsburg, and who was a daughter 
of Gen. David Fulhvood, in his time a prominent 
man in this county, having held various ofilces, 
among others those of sheriff and prothonotary, 
and who was collector of the Pennsylvania canal 
at the port of Jdhnstown. James M. and Mrs. 
Laird are the parents of three children, two of 
whom are living : Maggie F., born October 9, 
18GG, who is the wife of William J. Coshey, of 
Greensburg ; and John F. Laird, born Decem- 
ber 18, 18(J7, who is engaged in the plumbing 

James M. Lainl is a public-spirited, wide- 
awake citizen, a man of generous impulses, a 
firm and constant friend, whose courage, honor 
and integrity are beyond question. 

•OX. JOHN LATTA, of Scotch-Irish 
decent, an able member of the Westinore- 
(i) land county bar, and one of the best-known 
citizens of the county, was born March '2, 183(3, 
in Unity township, Westmoreland county. Pa., on 
the old Latta farm. His grandfather was John 
Latta, who, with his brother Moses, came from 
eastern Pennsylvania and settled in Mt. Pleas- 
ant township, where the Mammoth Coke works 
are now locateil ; he married a Miss Storey, of 
New Jersey, by whom be had four cliildren. 
Moses Latta (father), the second of these chil- 
dren, was born in ]\lt. i'ieasant township, six- 

miles north of the borough of Mt. Pleasant, in 
1790, and in early life removed to Unity town- 
ship where he successfully carried on farming 
until his death, which occured February, 1848. 
During the war of 1812 he enlisted in the com- 
pany commanded by Capt. Iteynohls, but before 
the company reached the seat of war, Jackson's 
victory at New Orleans had caused Great Britain 
to sign a treaty of peace, and the troo[)S returned 
home. Mr. Latta was married to Eliza, a daugh- 
ter of Robert Graham, who was a native of 
Greensburg, and a horse dealer by occupation, 
and to their union was born two children : Mary 
Jane, married to George R. Ilugus, who resides 
on the old Latta homestead, and John, the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 

Hon. John Latta received his education in the 
country schools and at Sewickley 'and Elder's 
Ridge academies, in which he spent about five 
years. In 1857 he entered the law department 
of Yale college, graduated from that institution in 
1859, and in November of that year was admit- 
ied to the bar of Westmoreland county, since 
which he has been almost continuously engaged 
in the practice of his profession. In 1863 he 
was the choice of his native county for State 
senator, was also endorsed by Fayette county 
which was then a part of the district, and was 
elected. Afterward, in the Indiana and West- 
moreland legislative district, Mr. Latta was the 
democratic nominee, but the district being 
strongly republican, he was defeated. In 1871 
and 1872 he was elected to the Legislature and 
served two terms with fidelity to his constituents 
and credit to himself. In 1874 he was nomina- 
ted and elected Lieutenant-Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, serving in that office from January 19, 
1875, to January 21, 1879 ; he led the State 
ticket in that election, his majority being over 
four thousand. As the office of Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor was created by the " New Constitution," 
which went into eflect January 1, 1874, Mr. 
Latta was the first man elected to the position. 
At the ex])iration of his term Gov. Latta re- 



turiu'd to Giccnsbiirg and rL'suinoil tlie practice 
of law. In 188G ho was nominated for Congress 
by tlie conference of the district coinjjosed of tlie 
counties of Westiiiorehind, Fayette and (ireeiie. 
Another conference had iiuniiaated (iilheit T. 
Kafferty, and the two nominees referreil the mat- 
ter to the State executive committee, which 
decided in favor of Mr. Rafferty, a resident of 
Allegheny county, who was overwheluiingly 
defeated at tiie general election. 

Gov. Latta attends the Episcopal church, in 
which he was for yeais a vestryman ; is a mem- 
ber of tiie A. 0. U. W., a Mason and a Knight 
Templar and Royal Arch Mason. 

Hon. John Latta was married September 12, 
1855, to Ennna A. Hope, a daughter of 0. C. 
Hope, of Uniontow'n, and a sister of W. H. 
Hope, a land speculator of the city of Mexico. 
Of their four children three are living: Outli- 
bert H., born September 7, ISGG, now contract- 
ing agent for the Chicago & North Western 
railway, and located at I'hiladclphia ; Mary 
Maude, born March 17, 18G8, wiio is the wife 
of W. E. Ryan, city passenger agent of the 
Mexican Central railroad, wdio resides in the 
city of Mexico, and Isabel G., born Fehiuary 17, 
1875. His first wife having died in 187(), 
Gov. Tiatta, on l)eccmiicr "-'5, 1877, was married 
to Rose Mc(_;iellaM, a daughter of K. I!. McClel- 
lan, of Ludwick borough, and the fruits of this 
union are five children, all living: Rose, born 
December 21, 187!' ; Marie Josepiiine, .lidy "_';!, 
1S8I; dolin. May 15, I88:i; I'oll.-ird, daiiuury 
15, 1885, and Saraii Marguerite, (Jctoher IS, 

(iov. Tjatta is preemiMcntly a man of tiie jieo- 
ple, and lias ever raised his voice in behalf of the 
poor and the oppressed. He is a logical reason- 
er, an eloquent speaker and a vigorous champion 
of all measures tending to advance tlie iiitt'ivsts 
of his coiiiid'y, or hciu'rit the great mass cd' our 
people, believing that in all guveliiliu'lits, but 
especially in a democracy, every man, whether 
in public or private life, should labor strenu- 

ously to secure " the greatest good to the great- 
est number." 

•|* E. LAUFFER, the present edicient and 
I faithful district attorney of Westmoreland 
y county, and a popular and genial young 
lawyer and politician of Greensburg, is a 
son of Joseph and Esther (Rerlin) Lauft'er, and 
was born near Miirrysville, Westmoreland 
county, I'a., June '-i, 18G1. The Lauftcrs of 
this county trace their ancestry back to John 
Laufler (grandfather), who was born in Allen- 
town, Lehigh county, Pa., and came to AVest- 
moreland county about seventy-five years ago. 
He settled in Franklin township, where he 
owned and operated a tlax-seed oil mill in con- 
nection with his farming interests. He was an 
industrious farmer, a correct and honest business 
man and an earnest democrat in politics. He 
was married in Philadelphia to Elizabeth Andre, 
who was born near that great city. They reared 
a family of several children, and after Mr. 
Laufl'er's death his sons operated the mill and 
conducted the farm for several years before any 
division of the estate was made. One of the 
sons is Jose])]! Laiilfer (father), who was born in 
18;!;5 near Miirrysville. He has always been a 
farmer, has never aspired to any county olfice, 
yet has served for many years as a member of 
the school board of his townshifi. He is an 
elder in the E\aiigelical Lutheran church. He 
niarricil E.stlier Herliu, who was born in 183-1. 
They have seven children, one son and six 
daughters. Mrs. Laulfer is a daughter of Col. 
Eli and Sarah (Anient) Rerlin. Col. Rerlin 
was the youngest son of Jacob and Eva ((Jar- 
baugh) Berlin, who settled in Franklin township 
in 17U5, near an uncle, Jacob Berlin, w lio had 
locatiMl in the township about 1775. 

1. F/. LaiilVer received his education in Bel- 
mont academy and Laird institute. Leaving 
school he was engaged for live years in teach- 
ing. He taught five winter terms of common 

|||-«WJ MitHW ttvll }ii}f,l 



scliool and five spring and siiminer terms of 
normal or academic scliool. Three years of this 
time he taught at Greensburg. lie read law 
and was admitted to the ^Vestnloreland county 
bar in 1885. lie was unanimously nominated 
by bis party, the democrats, for district attorney 
in 1889 and was elected. On January 1, 1890, 
he qualified as district attorney, and has been 
serving with credit in that responsible and im- 
portant oflice ever since. Mr. Lauft'er is a logi- 
cal reasoner and a forcible speaker. lie manages 
his cases with good tact and judgment and is a 
convincing pleader before a jury. He is intelli- 
gent and well read, active and energetic, and 
has made good use of his time and opportunities. 
lie is a scholai-ly gentleman, a successful lawyer, 
and iiiis the promise of a bright future before 
him in the field of his chosen profession. 

f^ EV. I'IRMIN LEVER.MAN, 0. S. B., 
an accompli.slied ami scholarly gentle- 
man and the present pastor of the 
Catholic church of the Most Holy Sac- 
rament, at Greensburg, was Ijorn February I'J, 
18'J9, in the famous city of Strasburg, province 
Alsace-Lorraine, Germany (then France). He 
received his education principally in Montreal 
and Toronto, Canada. He was engaged for 
many years in missionary work in Pennsyl- 
vania, Illinois and Kansas, but the " Keystone 
State" was the principal field of his labor and 
to which he devoted the most of his time. On 
October 1, 1889, he succeeded Rev. Father 
Agatho, 0. S. B., as pastor of the Greensburg 
Catholic congregation. Diocese of Pittsburg. 
This congregation has constantly increased in 
numbers and prosperity with the growth of the 

The history of the Catholic church of the 
Most Holy Sacrament, at Greensburg, is a most 
interesting one. In 1787 and 1788 si.K German 
catholics came with their families to Unity 
township, this county. They were John Projist, 

John Jung, Patrick Archibald, Simon Iluffner, 
Christian RulVner and George Rufl'ner. Tiiese 
pioneers in March, 1789, purchased an acre of 
ground on what is now North Main street, 
Greensburg. They, a-s trustees of the Catholic 
congregation of Greensburg, bought this lot of 
ground from Philip Freeman for the sum of five 
shillings, '' good and lawful money of Pennsyl- 
vania." Upon this land they laid out a grave- 
yard and proceeded to erect a church, which was 
a primitive structure of round logs. It was 
never completed and was torn down in 1800. 
In 1845 a brick church was erected and used 
until 1887, when the congregation became too 
large for its seating ca})acity. In that year, 
June 28, the foundations of the present beauti- 
ful aud commodious edifice were laid by Rt. 
Rev. Richard Phelan. It is a fine specimen of 
architectural skill, was erected at a c-it of 
$15,000 to §20,000, and is one of the handsom- 
est churches of Greensburg. The old parsonage, 
built in 1854 by Rev. Augustine Wirth, 0. S. 
B., was suijcrseded by the present handsome 
brick [larsonage, which was erected by Rev. P. 
Agatho, 0. S. B. A few years ago the trustees 
sold the north half of their five-shilling lot to 
Col. George F. Huff" for §15,000. This money 
was expended in the erection of the present 
church. This congregatioii in the first century 
of their existence has grown from five to one 
hundred and twenty-five families. In June, 
1789, Rev. John Bpt. Causey held the second 
celebration of holy mass west of the Alleghenies 
at John Proj^st's house, ten miles east of 
Greensburg, for this congregation. Their pas- 
tors have been, from 1789 to 1890 as follows: 
Supplied by St. Vincent Church until 1849; 
Rev. William Pollard, 1849 to 1853 ; Augustine 
Wirth, O. S. B., 1853 to 1856 ; Luke Wim- 
mer, 0. S. B., 1850 to 1859; Placidus Pils, 0. 
S. B., 1359 to 1861 ; Utho Huber, 0. S. B., 
1861 to 1863; Leander Schnerr, 0. S. B., 
1863-64; Otto Kopt, 0. S. B., 1864 to 1871 ; 
Placidus Pils, 1871 to 1875; Augustine Wirth, 

)il OQfit 

uiocnAfiiiis OF 

(>. S. It., I^TTi 1(1 I'^Hl ; AximimHiiiM Miii- 

toiiiu'li, o. s. U., issi to \><^:\\ I'. A^'iitlio, iss;i 

to ISS'.I, ;iiul Iniiii Octdlirr, lHSi», to tlio i.ix'.scnt 
tiiiu! llic (•ciiij,'ri-;;;iiti(>ii li;ts 1)C<'U ulily scrvcil l>y 
1(('V. I'iniiiii l.cvciiiiiiii, t). S. I!., wlio has 
always been iictivi'ly ami siicL-cdsliilly fiij^aguil 
in church -work. 

'ENRY G. LOMISON, M. D., a leading 
physician of Westmoreland county, is one 
of that distinguished class of men who 
not only deserve success but win it. He was 
born near Danville, Columbia (now Montour) 
county, Pa., July 17, 1«31, and is a son of 
William and Anna (Fulkerson) Lomison. Dr. 
Lomison is of English extraction on his paternal 
side and of Dutcii descent on the maternal side. 
His immigrant ancestor, Lawrence Lomison, was 
born at Bristol, England, and came to Chester 
(then called Upland), Pa., on December 11, 
1682. In a few years he married a lady by the 
name of Von Kindel, who was a native of Holland. 
They soon removed fnmi Chester to near Ger- 
mantown. Pa., where they reared a large family 
of children, all of whom left Germantown. 
Some of them went to Northampton county. Pa., 
others lucateil near Trenton, N. J., ami l>elvi- 
dere in that State. A descendant of the Belvi- 
dere branch was William Lomison, the father of 
the subject of this sketch. He was born near 
Belvidere in 1788, and died in 18G2 in Penn- 
sylvania. In ISU he married Anna Flllker^on, 
\vlio«asborn in ITST and died Decemlier 11, 
1850. She was a daughter of Col. John Ful- 
kerson, of Northumberland county, Pa., who was 
a native of Holland. William and Anna Lomi- 
son were the parents of eight children, of whom 
the youngest was Dr. H. G. 

Henry G. Lomison was reared on his father's 
farm in what is now Montour county. Pa. He 
received his education in the common schools 
and Danville academy. He taught school for 
two years, then read medicine with Dr. James 

iM. Slewiirt of Indiana lounly, ihirt Stale, and 
attended hctures at .J.ll'rison Medical college, 
Philadelphia, from which institution he wa-s 
graduated March (!, 1«-V2. After graduation ho 
(■Diiiiiii'MCid to practice at Sailsburg, Indiana 
county. Pa., where he r<'Miained mild 18ljt). 
During the winter of 1858 he attended the 
course of lectures at the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, of New York city, and in the 
succeeding winter he attended the medical lecture 
course of the University of Pennsylvania In 
18t)0 he removed to Greensburg and followed 
his profession until 1869, when he made an eight 
months tour of Europe aiul visited the chief hos- 
pitals of England, France, Germany, Switzer- 
land, Austria and Italy, in which he studied 
medicine and surgery as practiced in those 
countries. Returning from his tour he resumed 
his extensive practice, which he has held and 
continually increased ever since. In ]iolitics 
Dr. Lomison is a democrat, and in 1M78 the 
democrats of Westmoreland county presented 
his name as a candidate for nomination to Cun- 
•, but another county secured the nominee. 
Since then he has peremptorily refused to be a 
candidate on account of his professional and 
business interests. 

He was married to a Miss McCausland, of 
Greensburg, who is now deceased. 

In addition to the practice of his profession 
Dr. Lomison has taken a great interest in the 
material prosperity of Greensburg, and has been 
a potential factor in its progress. He built the 
Ui.xon house on Depot street, and on West Ot- 
terman street the Lomison Opera House, which 
is a tasteful and substantial structure with suffi- 
cient floor space to comfortably seat one thousand 
persons. His residence is one of the finest in 
the county. It is a graceful and splendid speci- 
men of modern architecture. It is a three-story 
brick structure and fronts on West Otterman 
street. The interior more than fulfills the ex- 
pectations awakened by its external attractive- 
ness, and is fitted up and furnished in modern 


Style and the best of taste. Dr. Lomison owns 
several liuinlred acres of valuable farming and 
uiinoral lands in tlie county and lias been very 
euccesaful in his various business onterprist^s. 

eYllUS T. LONG, ex-county surveyor, 
an accommodating gentleman and one of 
the leading surveyors of western Penn- 
sylvania, was born three miles north of Mount 
Pleasant in Mount Pleasant township, West- 
moreland county, Pennsylvania, November, 
22, 1840, and is a son of Jacob and 
Elizabeth (Tedrow) Lung. The progenitor of 
the American branch of the J^ong family was 
Jacob Long (grandfother), who was born in 
AVurtemburg, Germany, in 1750. lie emigrated 
to America, served as a teamster in the war of 
the Revolution, and came to Westmoreland 
county in 1803. The farm of one hundred and 
seventy-five acres which he purchased was 
near Mount Pleasant. lie died in 1841 at the 
advanced age of eighty-two years. He had four 
sons and two daughters, all of whom are dead. 
Jacob Long (father) was born in Caernarvon 
township, Lancaster county, Pa., November 19, 
IT'.'T, and came with his parents to this county 
at si.\ years of age. lie was a successful farmer, 
a republican in jiolitical opinion, and a stanch 
member of the I'^vangelica! Lutiieran (.liuich. 
He was a quiet, unassuming man, and passed 
away September 20, 1871. His wife was Eliza- 
beth Tedrow, youngest daughter of Henry Ted. 
row, of Fayette county. Pa. Tliey were the 
})arents of two children : Cyrus T., and Nancy, 
widow of AVilliam G. Kell. 

Cyrus T. Long received his education in the 
common schools and Sewickley academy, which 
he attended for two and one-half years, when it 
was under the charge of Profs. L. Y. Graham 
and W. A. Raub. i\lr. Long made a specialty of 
mathematics during his academic course, yet 
made a very creditable record in his (.Jreek and 
Latin studies. In 1859 he commenced to read 

law with Hon. Henry D. Foster, and four years 
later he went to John.stown, Pa., and completed 
his legal studies wiiii his cousin, Cyrus L. Persh- 
ing, who is now a judge in one of the eastern 
cuiinties of lh(! Stati!. On Septc^ndjer 0, lH(i4, 
lie was admitted to the Cambria county bar, and 
in August, 1805 was admitted to practice in the 
courts of Westmoreland county. He soon left 
the practice of the law to devote his time to sur- 
veying, which he had commenced in boyhood. 
He was elected county surveyor in 1871 and re- 
elected in 1874, anil for the last si.xteen years 
has been coiitinuimsly eniployeil in surveying 
for private parties and large corporations. He 
is well informed, owns a very fine library, and 
is thoroughly conversant with every detail of his 
profession. It is generally conceded that as a 
scientific and practical surveyor he has no 
superior in the county and but few peers in this 
part of the State. 

Cyrus T. Long, on July 8, 1872, was united 
in marriage with 15arbara S. Durstine, a daugh- 
ter of Henry Durstine, of near Mount Pleasant. 
Mr. and Mrs. Long are the parents of three 
children : John D., born February 12, 1874 ; 
Henry Durstine, March 13, 1870 ; and Edwin 
C, April 13, 1878. 

In politics jNIr. Long is a democrat but takes 
no active jtart in political campaigns. He is a 
member of Philanthropy Lodge, No. 225, A. 
Y. M. and of the Presbyterian church of Greens- 

"I* K. LONG, one of Westmoreland's prorais- 
1 ing young men, was burn about one mile 
(i/ south of Greensburg, in Hempfield town- 
ship, Westmoreland County, Pa., October 27, 
1863, and is the youngest child of Samuel and 
Mary (Scepter) Long. Samuel Long Avas born 
in Westmoreland county, near Adamsburg, in 
1822. He learned the trade of blacksmith, at 
which he labored successfully until 1881, when 
he purchased his present farm. For a number 


of years prior to roiiioviiig to liis farm ho wan 
actively ciigagod as a coal iiiercliaiit. Ho lias 
always been a proiiounceJ democrat, lias always 
taken part in bringing about tlie success of his 
j)arty, ami has worked "untiringly in the inter- 
ests of Westmoreland democracy. He is a man 
of decided convictions, a close observer of cur- 
rent events, a careful student of the political 
questions of the day, and a member of the 
Knights of Honor. In 1845 he was united in 
marriage with Mary Scepter, daughter of Fred. 
Scepter. They have six children. Mr. Long 
is a son of Nicholas Long, who was an old set- 
tler of Westmoreland county. 

J. K. Long was educated in the common 
schools of Ilempfield township. He began 
teaching in L881, taught eight consecutive 
terms in the common schools, and in 
January, 1889, was appointed deputy clerk by 
James D. Best, clerk of the courts of West- 
moreland county. Mr. Long has so far satis- 
factorily discharged the duties of his responsible 
and important position. He is one of the ear- 
nest, enthusiastic, progressive and active young 
democrats of Westmoreland. In December, 
1880, he was united in marriage with Ilosella 
Spiegel, daughter of John Spiegel. 

•jpOHN A. MARCHAND. Of the many 
honored and honorable families of West- 
moreland county, none stand higher for 
ability and uprightness of life than the JMarchand 
family, jihuited west of the Alleghenies in tlie 
closing decade of the eighteenth century by Dr. 
David Marchand, who was an eminent physician 
and surgeon. Dr. David Marchand was the 
son of a French Huguenot who settled in Lan- 
caster county when the Allegheny mountains 
were the western confines of civilization. Dr. 
Marchand, in 1770, located six miles southwest 
of Greensburg, and soon acquired an extensive 
practice in Westmoreland and adjoining counties, 
'riiroughuut his life he lived above reproach and 

had high standing, which was based upon his 
merits as a man and as a citi/.eri. He died July 
2'2, ISO'J His children were : Catharine, Eliza- 
beth, Susanna and Judith, and Drs. Daniel, 
David and Louis. The mantle of the father's 
medical knowledge and skill seemed to descend 
upon his three sons, who became famous through- 
out southwestern Pennsylvania as very success- 
ful physicians. Hon. David l\Lu-chand, M.D., 
(grandfather) the second son and progenitor of 
the Greensburg branch of the Marchand family, 
was a man of spotless reputation, and as a phy- 
sician he had few equals. He rose rapid) v to 
prominence in the political field, as well as in 
the profession of medicine, and was twice sent 
to Congress. He married Catharine Hoimett 
and reared a family of seven sons and two 
daughters : Dr. Lewis, Commodore John Don- 
nett who was born August 27, 1806, entered the 
United States navy in 1828, served with dis- 
tinction in the Seminole Indian and Mexican 
wars, was in command of the blockade of 
Charleston, S. C, for a time, served gallantly 
in the memorable naval battle of Mobile bay, 
commanded Philadeljihia navy yard for several 
years, was retired in 1870 under " tlie operation 
of a general law which only by a few weeks 
deprived him of the highest rank in his profes- 
sion," and died on April Dj, 1875, at Carlisle, 
Pa. ; Dr. Tliomas S., Elizabeth L., Lavina, 
Hon. Albert G., Dr. George W., David K., 
who was an editor, and Henry Clay Marchand, 
one of the most distinguished lawyers of Western 
Pennsylvania. Hon. Albert Gallatin Marchand 
was born February 2G, 1811, and died February 
5, 1848, in the early prime of manhood. Ilis 
loss was deeply felt by the community at large 
as well as his personal friends and relatives. He 
was admitted to the Greensburg bar in 1833, 
and soon became cons])icuous in a corps of law- 
yers second to none in the State in ability or 
fame. He was soon called into public life and 
was elected to Congress in 1840 by the demo- 
crats of ^Vcstmoreland and Indiana counties. 



lie survcil lii.s constituents so well tli;it lie was 
re-elected in IKll', ami at the eml (iC lii.s secdnil 
tcr^i ho uuiilo ii record of which his county was 
justly prouil. lie was a noble specimen of an 
honest man, ami lil^e his father hefoi'e him was 
trusted for his calm discriminating judgment 
and thorough coiisciuntiousness. 

John A. Murchaud received his literary edu- 
cation in Greenshurg academy and Washington 
college. In 18G2 he was registered as a law 
stiuieut with his uncle, II. C. Marchand, and 
was admitted to the Westmoreland cjunty bar at 
the May term of 1804. During 18U4 he was 
admitted to partnership with his uncle, under 
the firm name of II. C. k J. A. Marehand, and 
this law firm continued until the death of 11. C. 
Marehand, January 16, 1882. Mr. Marehand 
then continued in the practice of his profession 
until February 8, 188U, when he a<lmitted Paul 
II. Gaither into partnership with him, under tiie 
firm name of Marehand ifc Gaither, who have 
continued actively in the practice of the law 
until the present time. The Marehand law 
olllee was originally opened fifty-six years ago 
by lion. A. G. Marehand, who admitted 11. 0. 
Marehand as a partner in 1840, and from X. G. 
Marchand's death in 1848, II. C. Marehand 
practiced by himself until 18G4, when he ail- 
mitted the subject of this sketch. In 18lj'.t 
Chief Justice Chase, of the Supreme court of the 
United States, appointed John A. Marehand as 
register in bankruptcy for the twenty-first dis- 
trict of IV-nnsylvania, composed of the counties 
of Westmoreland, Indiana and Fayette, lie 
served until the bankruptcy law was rfyiealed. 
lie was a member of a company raised to repel 
Gen. John H. Morgan's threatened invasion of 
Pennsylvania in 18L).3. In 1888 he was the 
democratic nominee for State senate, but was 
defeated by a small majority. He is solicitor 
for the Pennsylvania railroad, the Soutiiwest 
Pennsylvania railway, and the West Penn and 
Allegheny ^'alley railroads; also, for the West- 
moreland coal company, the Penn gas coal com- 

pany, and for Carnegie Bro's., limited, Carne- 
gie's natural gas line and several other huge 

He united in marriage on October 1.'), 1808, 
with Mary Todd, daiightci' of David Todd, and 
grandilaughler of Judge James Toild, who was a 
native of Philadelphia. They have one child : 
Mary T. Marehand. 

John A. Marehand is a democrat and was a 
delegate to the democratic national convention 
which nominated Grover Cleveland for president 
in 1884. He served twice as burgess of Greens- 
burg, was president of the Merchant's and Far- 
mer's National Bank for three years and is a 
vestryman of the Episcopal church. He is one 
of the highest Free Masons in the United States 
and has taken the Scottish Rite and the Mystic 
Shrine deirrees in that order. 

^OLOMON MARKS, a thorough business 
{^j man and a popular clothier of Greens- 
(«; burg, was born on March 25, 1850, in 
llhien, Prussia, Germany. In the same town 
his father, Joseph JSIarks, was born in 1809. He 
was a butcher, in which business he is still 
engaged. His wife was Rose, a daughter of 
Ijouis AUenburg, of Ilettenheim, Bavaria. 
Moses Marks, grandfather, was a native of the 
same town as the subject of this sketch. 

Solomon Marks received his education in the 
German gymnasium schools ; he afterwards at- 
tended college for two years at the old historic 
town of Bingen on the Rhine. On leaving 
school he was employed in his father's butcher 
shop until 18GT, when he immigrated to the United 
States. After one year's residence in Philadel- 
phia he located at Ilarrisburg, Pa., where he was 
engaged in the clothing business. For seven 
years he was successfully engaged in business at 
that place, when in 1878 he came to Greens- 
burg where he has succeeded in establishing the 
leading clothing house of the place. Since 1884 
he has done business at his present location 



■\vliere lie has a large ami coiuiiioilious storo 

On August 31, lSS;i, he was nianiud to 
Rachel, a (lauj^htcr of Nathan (ialliiiger, of 
I'ill.-hur'r. 'I'liry iiavo (uo ehihlrcii : William 
]!., horii June "-'8, ISSA, mid Moi'iiia lUam-hc, 
March -l-l, ISST. 

He is u member of the Chosen Friends, the 
Heptasophs, and is a highly respected citizen of 

late Ilun. James Ross McAfee, a promi- 
nent and distinguished citizen of West- 
niorehmd county, was born in Indiana township, 
Allegheny county, Pa., March 10, l&l-l, and 
was a son of John and Mary Thompson 
jMcAfee. Ilis paternal grandparents came from 
Ireland to Franklin county, this State. They 
had two children: John, and ]\Iay, who married 
Thomas McOurdy about 1800. John McAfee 
removed to western Pennsylvania about 1801, 
and five years later married Mary Thompson, a 
daughter of John Thompson, a native of county 
Derry, Ireland, by wliom he had ten children, 
four sons and six daughters. 

James Ross McAfee was reared on a farm, re- 
ceived his education in Groensburg academy 
and followed teaching for ten years. From IShl 
to 18G0 he served as superintendent (jf the com- 
mon schools of this county. lie was admitted 
to the bar in 18GG. In 18G'2 he was appointed 
assistant United States assessor for the twenty- 
first district of Pennsylvania. In 18G-Iliewas 
elected to the Legislature and re-elected in the 
year following. He next served for seven years 
as assistant clerk of the State senate and then 
one year in the same capacity in the house of 
representatives of Pennsylvania. He ■was deputy 
secretary of state from 1879 to 1883. In 18GS 
he was one of the republican delegates to the 
Chicago National convention, and in the same 

year served as secretary of the State central com- 
mittee. In 1870 he foundeil the fircennlnirg 
Tribune, wdiich two years later he cijiisoliduted 
with the Grccnsliiin/ lli-rahl. 

In 18 11 he niaiiird .Maria l']. Kccd, by whom 
he had four (.hildrcn, two S(jns and two daughters, 
of whom the daughters are still living. Mrs. 
McAfee died in I8;')i! and in 18.13 Mr. McAfee 
marrieil Louisa A. Craig. 

On April -20, 18!)0, James McAfee died 
at his resilience at Greensburg when in the 
sixty-eighth year of his age. He was one of 
the active and leading repidjlicans of Westmore- 
land county, and was largely instrumental in 
placing the county in the hands of his party in 
1885. lie was a logical and vigorous writer, 
whose opinions upon the political measures ami 
public topics of the day were quoted throughout 
the State. 

tOHNMcCORMICK, M. D., of Greensburg, 
f" was born April 28, 18G0, at New Florence, 
(*/ Westmoreland county, Pa., and is a son of 
Dr. James \. and Rachel (Black) MeCormick. 
His grandfather. .John MeCormick, was Imuii 
August 22, 1789, in this county, and was one of 
theearly inliabitants. Having been apprenticed 
in his fifteenth year to Cas[)er Walthour he 
learned the tanning trade which he followed for 
years, but subse([uently removed to Irwin where 
he served many years as justice of the peace. 
His father was John MeCormick, who came to 
the United States from county Tyrone, Ireland, 
in 1788, locating near what is now Irwin, this 
county, and his wife was Esther Sowash whose 
ancestors in France were Huguenots, and who 
bore him thirteen children, the sixth of whom 
was Dr. James Irwin MeCormick. The latter 
was born in March, 1828, near Irwin, attended 
Washington college, Pa., but was graduated from 
Franklin college, Harrison county, C)liio. Ho 
was a fine classical scholar, excelled in mathe- 

wi:sTMoia:i,. i .v/) county. 

lii;itu's, was a I'olilriliutor to niciru'al iiia^aziiics, 
and po.s.sesst'd an cxcclluiit pnifcssioiial ami 
litci'iiry library. Ifo taiij^'lit .school at (irucii.s- 
lilir^ mill oilier |i1iici'M, iiml in IS'i."! uas up- 
]ioiul(.'(l liy (Jov. Pollock a.M sii|HTiiiU'iiilciit (il'llic 
Westiiiordaiul county scliools to serve out tiie 
unexpired term of Rev. Mattiiew McKinstry. 
Afterwards while conducting a Normal school at 
New Derry he read medicine with Dr. William 
Burrell, and graduated from the Western Reserve 
Medical College, Cleveland, Ohio. lie prac- 
ticed at New Florence and AVest Fairfield, and 
in 1871 removed to Irwin, where ho spent the 
last ten years of his life, soon ac([uiring a large 
practice and ranking among the ablest physi- 
cians of the county. lie married Rachel Black, 
who bore him five children : Emma, Samuel 
Black, John, Margaret Isabella and William II. 
II. His second wife was Margaret Black, a 
sister of the former, by whom he had four chil- 
dren. He died August IS, 1881. 

I'r. John McCorniick attended the public 
schools, but was chiefly educated by liis father, 
under whose care he studied Latin, Greek, 
higher mathematics, etc. After teaching one 
term he read medicine with his father and en- 
tered tho WcMlern Hcserve Medicai Coliegc, 
graduating therelVoiii in l.SSii. 1 le ijcgan ]irac- 
tice in Iowa, but so(ni came cast ami located at 
United, this county, where he remained until 
the spring of 188H, when he went to Gi-een.s- 
burg, his present home. Owing to his recog- 
nized ability and excellent character. Dr. 
McCormick has already built up a large jiractice, 
■which he merits. He is a progressive member 
of the medical fraternity, intelligent and pains- 
taking in his practice. In politics he is a re- 
publican and belongs to the Jr. 0. U. A. M., 
the commandery and the K. & L. of H. 

On October 23, 1870, Dr. McCormick was 
united in marriage with Anna D. Kunkle, and 
they have six children: Sadie Ethel, Rachel 
Floy, Glenn Carroll, Earl Voiglit, Tillie and 


J open boat, wliieli diii'ing the days of relig- 
ious perscciiliciiis in Sc()tlaml, made ii most 
ihiligiTiiiis Voyii;_'i' IViiiii (JalK.uay, in llnit I'ouii- 
(ly, to the tioi-th coast of Down, Ireland, and 
i whose only occujiants were three brothers named 
McCurdy, who were escaping from persecution 
because they were Scotch Covenanters, had in it 
one of the ancestors of Joseph Alexander 
McCurdy, a present member of the Westmore- 
land county bar. He was lioin in Derry town- 
ship, Westmoreland county, I'a., Friday, De- 
cember 11, 18;')T, ami is the second .son of 
Alexander J. and Sarah (Pounds) McCurdy. 
As the name MiCiudy indicates, he has de- 
scended from that jnedouiinant stock of western 
Pennsylvania inhabitants, the Scotch and Scotch- 
Irish. Tho M<([iJlou<e.r. which crossed the At- 
lantic in 1620, containing one of his paternal and 
two of his maternal ancestors. Edward Doty, 
who was one of the forty-one men who si"ned 
his name to the first constitution of government 
ever subscribed by a whole people in the history of 
the world, had among his descendants Mary Doty, 
j paternal grandmother. Thomas Bound, who in 
I KJ;);') came from London to New EnLdaml. and 
his wife, who was one of the chijclrcn who came 
in the Hfdi/lloiccr, have among their descendants 
Sarah Pounds, the mother of Mr. McCurdy. 
William Drummond came to New Jersey from 
Scotland, and hail among his grandchildren 
Mary Drummond, maternal grandmother. AVil- 
lian> Collier, a London merchant, who came to 
America in 1683, and who was assistant gov- 
ernor of Plymouth colony for thirty years, had 
among his descendants Sarah Collier, maternal 
great-grandmother. John Cannon, who came to 
Plymouth colony in 1()21, had two descendants, 
Hannah Cannon, married to Stephen Adonijah 
Pounds, and Ella Cannon, married to AVilliara 
Drummond, maternal great-great-grandmothers. 
Three of his great-grandfathers, Alexander Mc- 
Curdy, Joseph Pounds, and Nathaniel Doty 
were in the Revolutionary war, and two of his 


liKian.wniEs of 

greut-^ruat-gnuulfatlior.s, Stoplicii A. Pounds 
and William Druiniiiund were killed in that 
great struggle. 

All of lii.s ancestors have lived in AVestinoro- 
land county, l^a., principally in Derry township 
fur over a century. Alexander jNlcCurdy set- 
tled before ITtiO. Joseph Pounds, John Urum- 
n:ond and Nathaniel Doty came to Derry town- 
ship together about 178.5, from Basking Ridge 
and Sterlings Euildings, New Jersey, where 
some of their ancestors from Plymouth colony 
had settled a century before. They were Pres- 
byterians, and were among the founders and 
supporters of old Salem church in Derry town- 
ship. The McCurdy 's were at one time seceilers. 
Alexander McCurdy (great-grandfather) was 
born in 1744, in Ulster, Ireland. In 175(3 he 
came to America and settled on the banks of 
"Crooked creek," in Westmoreland county (now 
Indiana). IK' afterwards lived near the "Salt 
Works " on the Conemaugh river. During the 
latter part of his life he lived on the McCurdy 
farm, adjoining the Pounds homestead, near 
Livermore, where he died at the age of ninety- 
four, lie was a Revolutionary soldier in Capt. 
Matthew Scott's company, thirteenth Pa. Reg., 
afterwards became an officer, was wounded in 
the arms at Yorktown, and received a pension. 
He accompanied his son Samuel in the war of 
1812 for a short time, and was employed in 
training the soldiers in military exercises. He 
was a man of considerable wealth, a noted mu- 
sician, a strict seceder ami well known fur his 
extensive knowledge of the scriptures. He was 
married about 1785 to Jane Henderson. They 
had four sons and three daughters: AVilliam, 
Alexander II., Andrew, Samuel, Keziah, Ann, 
and Jane. Alexander Henderson ]McCurdy 
(grandfather) was born at Crooked Creek in 
1794. He was a farmer and carpenter and was 
for many years engaged in the manufl^cturc of 
pumps. He owned the " Piper farm " near La- 
trube, where he resiiled for many yeai'S previous 
to his death in 1^51. He was married about 

18-20 to Mary Doty. They had three sons and 
three daughters: Samuel Henderson, Nathaniel. 
Alexander Jackson, Mary, I'hebe, and Jane. 
Mary (iJoty) McCurdy was born in ]71t5 and 
died in 1877. She was a lineal descendant of 
Edward Doty, who came in the Mayfluwer. 
Rev. Francis Doty (son of Edward) was a min- 
ister in the first settlement at Taunton, Mass. 
In 1641, for utterances contrary to some of the 
Pilgrim Fathers' practices, he was driven to 
Long Island. The Dutch government issued a 
patent to him ''for a Colonic, Messpath Kill, 
twenty-eightli of March, 1(342." Some of his 
descendants settled in New Jersey. Three of 
these, Nathaniel, Jonathan, and Zebuhm J>oty, 
sons of Nathaniel Doty, Sr. (great-great-grand, 
father) settled in Derry township about 1785. 
Nathaniel Doty, Jr. (great-grandfather), born 
in 1757, and died in 1844, had been a soldier 
in tlie ]{evoliitionary war. He married Jane 
Bethoven, and one of their children, Mary, 
was marrie<l to Alexander II. McCurdy, whose 
third son, Alexander Jackson McCurdy (father), 
was born in Derry township, June 4, 182'J. 
He was a farmer in that township, was for some 
time in the employ of the Pennsylvania canal, 
and afterwards engaged in building the Pennsyl- 
vania Vailroad. He was an active republican and 
died September 2, 1884. In 1851 he was 
married to Rachel Lightcap, who died in 1852, 
leaving a daughter, Mary Susan, born February 
22, 1852, who was married to William Fishell, 
and died in August, 188(). In 1854 he was 
married to Sarah Pounds (born May 11, 1833), 
eldest daughter of Joseph and Mary (Druraraond) 
Pounds; [see account of Pounds family in this 
volume.] Mrs. McCurdy now resides at Liver- 
more, Pa. They have seven children : Rev. 
Irwin Pounds McCurdy, D. D., who is a gradu- 
ate of the Indiana (Pa.) State Normal school 
and of Lafayette college ; received his ministe- 
rial education at Princeton Theological seminary, 
and has been for the past six years pastor of the 
Southwestern Presbyterian church, Philailel- 


pl\iii, luid i.s also one of tin; Sfcrctiuit's of tlii' 
l'resl)yturi;ui buanl of oduc;ition, ;inil jiifsiilciiL 
of thu board of inanii<:;ors of ihc Evangelical 
Alliance of Pliiladflpliia ; Joseph A., Ilannali 
May (deceased); Joiin l)i'in]inMind, who is jiost- 
master at Livurnioio ; I'JUa S., attended the 
Ulysses S. Grant school at Philadelpiiia, and 
the Normal school at Indiana, Pa. and is a 
teacher; and William W. and ]\linnie May, who 
are attending school. 

Joseph A. McCurdy spent his childhood and 
youth on a farm in Derry township, attended the 
common schools, and in 186'J-70 he received 
valuable instruction of Rev. W. II. McFarland 
now of San Francisco, California. After at- 
tending the State Normal scliool at Edinboro, 
Pa., for one term, he began teaching in the 
public schools of Westmoreland county at the 
age of sixteen, since which time he has made 
his own way in the world. He educated him- 
self by teaching in the winter and attending 
school in the summer. In 1878 he graduated 
at the State Normal school at Indiana, Pa. 
In the years 1879 and 1880 he was a student in 
the classical course, first in the University of 
Wooster, Ohio, and then in Lafayette college, 
Easton, Pa. lie was principal of the public 
schools of Mt. Pleasant, Pa., in 1880-81, then 
became one of the owners and editor of the Mt. 
Pleasant Dcnvn, whicli he changed to the 'Jour- 
nal. He improved the i)a))er and trebled its 
circulation, but at the end of two years lie re- 
linc|iiislied iho edilori;d chair for Ids lil'e-woik in 
the legal ]>rofession. 

In April, 1883, Mr. McCurdy became a law 
student in the olfice of Moorehead k Head, at 
Greensburg, Pa. While pursuing his law c(jurse 
he was for one year teacher of the Greensburg 
High school, and was also reporter for the asso- 
ciated press and correspondent for a number of 
Pittsburg and Philadelphia papers. He was 
admitted to the Westmoreland county bar Au- 
gust 31, 1885, and soon gained a lucrative 
practice. He has been solicitor for Westmore- 

land county and enjoys a good and growing 
practice. He was ehaiinian of the Uepublican 
cotmty comnuttee in J8HG, when Hon. Welty 
McCidlougli was electiMl to Congress, llie first 
repiiljlii:an coiigre>,>iHan from We-.tiiiorehuid 
county since Hon. Jolin Covode. He is a mem- 
ber of the Greensburg Presbyterian church. 
He is full of energy, can always be relied upon, 
and stands well among his legal brethren and 
in the community. 

Joseph A. McCiudy was married September 
10, 1885, to Jane Brady Armstrong, the only 
daughter of Col. James and Kachel (Welty) 
Armstrong, of Greenburg. She died February 
li8, 1888, leaving an infant child, Rachel Welty, 
who survived her but five months. Mrs. Mc- 
Curdy came from one of the oldest and first 
families of Westmoreland county, and was a 
lady of fine accom])iishments and of the highest 
social standing, and a graduate of Hollidays- 
burg. Pa., female seminary. 

\ E. McFARLAND. One of Greensburg's 

J business men whose prospects for future 
success are of the most favorable character 
is J. E. JIcFarland. He is a son of J. R. and 
Nancy (Gourley) JIcFarland, and was born in 
llempfield township, Westmoreland county. Pa., 
June 28, 1853. His great-grandfather was 
James McFarland, who was a man of consider- 
able wealth in Ireland. His grandfather, James 
McFarland, emigrated in 18U1 to Westmoreland 
county, where he reared a fanuly of four chil- 
dren. The youngest of three of these children 
by his first wife, Jane (Russell) McFarland, was 
J. R. McFarland, the father of the subject of 
this sketch. (For a more extended and complete 
history of the McFarland family see sketch of 
J. R. xMcFarland.) 

J. E. McFarland received his education prin- 
cipally in the common schools of Hannastown, 
and labored on his father's farm until he was 
of age. He then engaged in farming in Hemp- 


r.iouuAPniEs of 

fii'lil township until 1888. In April, 1888, lio 
(li.-iposcil (if his t'aviuinji; iutoiisls :inil came to 
Grc'onshurj;, where lie cniharked in the Ihiur, 
liav ami ;_'! aiii jjiisiness. 1 1 is eslahlishmeiit is 
{(jealed ul Nu. 'M I'last I'illslmr;; .-.treel, and is 
cons[(icuuiis amung tlie liest known business 
houses on that street. His stoci< of supplies is 
large and complete. It include.s all the jioitular 
and reliable brands and grades of Hour, togetlier 
with meal, chop, bran, Iiay and grain. Mr. Mc- 
Farland has a large estul)lishment and can 
furnish on a moment's notice tmything to he 
found in a live and well-conducted flour and feed 
store. In the short time that he has been in 
business he has secured a large patronage and 
established a good reputation for honest and 
honorable dealing. 

On September 21, 1881, he united in marriage 
with Angie L. Reamer, a daughter of Solomon 
Eeamer, of Ilemptield township. Their union 
has been blessed with two children : Wesley 
R., born on Independence Day, 1884, and Mary 
E., born January 24, 1887. Mrs. MeFarland 
is a member of the Greensburg Presbyterian 

Politically J. E. MeFarland is a democrat. 
He is a member of <_!reensburg Council, aVo. 82, 
Jr. 0. U. A. M., and the Presbyterian church 
at (ireensbuig. Mr. MeFarland is a man of 
good business ability, and by energy, tact and 
honesty he ha§ been successful in building up a 
first-class store and winning a generous patron- 
»«»•■■ _, 

•f Pv. McFAKLAND, a resident of Greens- 
\ ^"''g '"^"J '^ l''o''b' I'cspected citizen of the 
(*2i county, was born three miles west of La- 
trobe, in Unity township, Westmoreland county, 
Pa,, April 23, 1828, and is a sou of James and 
Jane (Russell) MeFarland. His paternal grand- 
parents wi^re Jiiliii and Nancy (Armour) Me- 
Farland. wlio Were nativts of Iiehind, where 
Mr. MeFarland was ([uite a wcalihy man. 
James MeFarland (fatiierj was born in county 

Deiry, Ireland, in 17!)7, and emigrated to 
America al niiM'teen years <ii' age. lie loeateil 
in Delaware for a short lime, aflerwanl removed 
III l'ill>blirg, and aller um: year's rcsideiiec in 
tiial eily cauic to Wesliuorelaiid county, wiicru 
he purchased a farm of ninety acres in Unity 
township. ■ After several years residence he 
removed from that township to Salem township, 
where he resided aljout forty years, and then 
removed to Ilcmplield township, where he died 
at the age of eighty-eight years. He was mar- 
ried three times. His first wife was Jane 
Russell, daughter of Joshua Russell, by whom 
he had three children, the youngest being 
the subject of this sketch. Ills second wife 
was Mrs Martha Ralston (nee Craig), who 
bore him one child. His third wife was Mrs. 
Margaret Smith (nee Sloan). Mr. MeFarland 
was a democrat, cast his first presidential vote 
in this country for Andrew Jackson and held 
several of his township's various offices. He 
was a prominent citizen in the locality where he 
lived and acijuired considerable property dur- 
ing his lifetime. He was a liberal and benev- 
olent neighbor and a good and worthy citizen. 

J. 11. MeFarland \vas educated in the sub- 
scription and select schools of Salem township. 
He began the battle of life lor himself as a 
farmer, and after a few years farming in Salem 
township he purchased and moved on a farm 
near Ilannastown, which he cultivated until five 
years ago, when he became a resident of Greens- 

He united in marriage February 22, 1853, 
with Nancy Gourley, who was born September 
17, 1829, and is a daughter of John Gourley, 
of Ilenipfield townshij). To their union have 
been born nine children : John G., who died 
at twenty years of age ; J. E. (see his sketch) ; 
Joseph R., a printer on the Rocky Mountain 
News, Denver City, Colorado ; Jennie, wife ot 
S. II. Ralston, who resides at East Liberty, 
Pa., and is a civil engineer; Sanmel C, who 
died at eleven years of age; W..G., died when 



nine y»?iirs of iii;;o ; M;irj;;iit't, who lived ('loveii 
nionliis; I'lli/.alnili ainl M iiinic, wlio ri'siile ;il 
liouie with their parents. Mrs. iMeFiiriaud is a 
member of jhe I'reshyteriaii chiircii. 

In politics Mr. McKarlaml is a cUnii" rat of 
tiie old sclidul. lie is always deeply interested 
in the weal and welfare of liis party, hut he has 
never soii'^ht aijy olliec within the gift of his 
fellow eitizens. lie und his family are mem- 
bers of the I'resbyterian church and have 
always encouraged all Christian enterprises. 
By economy and industry he has accumulated 
considerable means and stands high as an hon- 
orable and industrious man with all who know 
him. His success in life has been largely duo 
to his own energy and good judgment. 

•f-OIIiN B. McQUAID, of Greensburg, one 
of the well and favorably known men of the 
county, was born December 15, 1850, in 
Loyidhanna township, Westmoreland county, 
I'a., at what was then Mc(.>uaid's mill, on the 
Loyalhanna creek, two miles from Saltsburg. 
lie is a son of Major William and Margaret 
(Borland) McC^iaid. His grandfather was ('ol. 
Thomas Mc(,.Uuiid, a native of Westmoreland 
county, who served as a soldier in the war of 
1812 and held the rank of colonel, ('apt. 
William McQuaid (father) was born in Salem 
township, about three miles north of Delmont, 
January 11, 1804, and died September 25, 
1^^5. lie was originally a farmer, then em- 
barked in the mill business, and from 1S5',I till 
1872 ho kept the " Westmoreland House " in 
Greensburg, wliich he owned. lie succeeded in 
acijuiring considerable wealth, but was unfor- 
tunate in the oil business, and like thousands of 
others lost a great deal of money. Mr. 
McCJuaid was a very courteous and obliging 
man, a member of the Presbyterian church and 
in jjolitics a republican until the nomination of 
Horace Greely for president,* when he became a 
democrat. He married Margaret Borland, a 

dauglitcrof John Borland, ami they had nine 
children, of whom but two aic living — ^llie ehlcst 
and youngest : (Jyrus and .lohn H. Mrs. Mar- 
garet (Horland) .Me<,>uaid was born October 28, 
1«07, and died in ISlilj. .I,,lii, Borland (ma- 
ternal grandfathei) was a native of Irelaml who 
emigrated to America, and his wife was Margaret 
Cairns, whom he married at the age of si.xteen 

John B. McQuaid received his education in 
the public schools of Greensburg, the military 
school at Chester. I'a., and Col. Lelaml's mili- 
tary school near Sharpsburg, this State. After 
assisting his father for a short time in the hotel 
he began buying stock, which he has continued 
for thirteen years, operating chiefly in this 
county, whence he ships to Philadelphia. Mr. 
McQuaid is an excellent business man, sober, 
honest and reliable. Politically he adheres to 
the principles of the Democratic party. 

He was united in marriage November 0, 1888, 
with Harriet L. Winsheimer, a daughter of Law- 
rence and a sister of Thomas M. Winsheimer, of 
the Democrat. 

R. MEANOK, a soldier of the late war, 
I F an old teacher, a prosperous merchant 
♦ of Greensburg. and a grandson of 
Michael Hugh, was born at Haymaker's Mill, on 
what was once a part of the Rugh farm in Frank- 
lin tOAvnship, AVestmoreland county. Pa., Sep- 
tember 25, 183'.', and is a son of William and 
Catharine (Bugh) Meaner. His paternal grand- 
father, John Meaner, was born in Westmoreland 
county. He was an old line whig, and died in 
Franklin township, where he had spent the 
larger part of his life. His maternal grand- 
father, Hon. Michael Rugh, was one of the 
pioneer settlers of the county. He and his first 
wife and their two children were taken prisoners 
by the Indians. One child, a son, was killed, 
but the other, Mary, was ransomed twelve years 
afterwards and married Jacob Hayujaker. She 

ojo3 r/Aky^-A 


Avas tlio niotlicr of six cliililreii ; Jolin, George, 
Michael, Sarah McKeuwuii, I'hebe Johnson and 
Ellen Cray. Michael Hugh escaped from the 
Indians, and after the death of his flist wife 
married Cathaiinc Smith, hy whom he liad on(! 
child; Catharine, the mother of the subject of 
tliis sketch. Michael llugii took an active jiart 
in the Indian wars of the frontier, and helped 
many families into the forts and block-houses 
during the Indian troubles. He was a preslty- 
tcrian, and served for many years as a justice of 
the peace. lie was one of the five commiss- 
ioners who laid out Greensburg, and served one 
term as State senator. lie owned three farms, 
embracing !t08 acres in all, and §1,400 in bank 
after paying for the farms. William Meanor 
(father) was born in Frankliu township, in 
March, 1808, and died December 22, 1872. He 
was a successful and wealthy farmer, and was an 
elder in the Murrysville Presbyterian church 
from 1856 until his death. He was a democrat 
until 1800, when lie became a republican. He 
was a large man physically and very iirm and 
decided in whatever he undertook. He was a 
liberal patron of the church, served as school di- 
rector of his township for several years, and was 
successful in the management of his business af- 
fairs. He married Catherine Hugh, who bore 
him three sons and three daughters. 

M. R. Meanor received his education in the 
sub.scription and common schools of his native 
township and Turtle Creek Vidley academy, now 
liaird lustitulo. In 18t);i he taught a term of 
school ill I'eiiii township, and in the following 
year enlisted in Co. D, fifteenth reg. Pa. cavalry, 
served in six difi'erent States, and was honorably 
discharged June 2'J, 18G5. From 18Go to 
18t)81ie taught in Franklin townshiji, and then 
was in charge of his father's farm until 1872, 
when he was severely injured by a sunstroke, 
which compelled him to abandon farming. He 
removed to Ludwick borough, and after recover- 
ing his health he taught six terms of school in 
North Huntingdon, I'enn and liemprield town- 

ships. In 1884 he moved to Greensburg, where 
he opened, on January 1.'), 188!), a grocery and 
provision store on West Pittsburg street — firm 
known as Townsend it Meanor. 

On April 14, iMtJit, he united in marriage with 
Martha F., daughter of John Clingan (see his 
sketch). 1'hey have had three children : \Villiam 
C, born June 1, 1872, and attenaing school ; 
Jennie R., January 24, 1878, and John M., 
March 2G, 1880, and died January 24, 1885. 

M. R. Meanor has been a member of the 
Presbyterian church since 1850, and was sup- 
erintendent of the Murrysville Sunday school 
for six years. He is secretary of the National 
Union and past councillor in the order of Chosen 
Friends. He has been successful in his mer- 
cantile business and enjoys a good trade. 

QNDREW MECHESNEY, a resident of 
Greensburg, an old citizen of the county, 
and an honored member of the Presby- 
terian church for over half a century, was born 
one-half mile south of Latrobe, in Unity town- 
ship Westmoreland county, Pa., ilay 18, 1813, 
and is a son of Andrew, Sr., and Mary (Hen- 
derson) Mechesney. His paternal grandfather, 
William Mechesney, with his brother James 
emigrated from the north of Ireland and settled 
in this county, where they engaged in farming. 
William Mechesney married Mary Buchanan, 
wliobore him six children. Andrew Mechesney, 
Sr. (father) was born in the north of Ireland 
and was brought to this country by his father 
at two years of age. He was a very successful 
business man and owned over eight hundred 
acres of valuable land at the time of his death. 
He was a strict member and a liberal patron of 
the Presbyterian church. He was a well in- 
formed man, an earnest advocate of education, 
and was highly respected by his neighbors and 
acquaintances. He died in 18G4, aged eighty 
years. His wife was Mary Henderson, a daugh- 
ter of William Henderson, of Unity township. 

t'i:.sTM<)Ri:LAyi) cuusty. 

They reared to man and womanhood a family 
of thirteen cliildren, of whom eleven iire yet 

Andrew Mecliesney was reared on his I'ather's 
farm in Unity town.ship and attended tiie sub- 
scription sehools of his neighborhood. Upon 
attaining his majority he engaged in farming, 
and pursued that business with good success 
until four years ago, when he removed to Greens- 
burg, where he now resides. When he left 
home to do for himself he had but two dollars in 
money, but his ambition to succeed and his 
willingness to work overcame many obstacles 
in his way. In a few years he acquired means 
sufticient to engage in farming and stock-raising 
upon a scale large enough to yield him very 
remunerative returns from liis invested capital. 

He united in marriage on March 9, 1848, 
with Eliza Steele, daughter of John Steele (see 
sketch of John B. Steele). To them have been 
born five children, of whom three are living : 
Mary INIartha, wife of Henry Murdock, of 
Greensburg; Andrew ^Steele, who married 
Nellie B. Nicol and lives on the old homestead 
farm, and Eliza. 

Andrew Mecliesney has always been a repub- 
lican from princi|ile, and served as assessor and 
school director in Unity township. He has 
been a member of and a liberal contributor to 
the Presbyterian church since 183G, and is a man 
of sterling worth who commands the respect of 
all who know him. 

TOHN MENSOH, a reliable business man 

J and the leading real estate and insurance 
agent of Ludvvick, was born in Hempfield 
township, AV'^estmoreland county. Pa., March 2, 
1828. He is a son of Alexander and Susannah 
(Kosensteel) Mensch, the latter a daughter of 
Andrew Kosensteel, whose wife was a Miss 
Berry. Alexander Mensch was born in eastern 
Pennsylvjinia and died at Middletown, West- 
moreland County, Pa., March 30, 1874, aged 

seventy-six years. A cut with an axe when a 
young man unfitted him in al'ter-life for irjanua! 
labor. He served as asoldier in tbu war of 1«12 
and was for many years engaged in mercantile 
business and liot(!l keeping. Eroin 18(J1 until 
his death he atliliated with the Ile|)iibliean 
party. He was a member of the United Breth- 
erii church and raised a family of eight ciiildieii, 
of whom seven are living. 

John Mensch received his education in the 
public schools of his native township. His first 
employment was clerking in Ids father's store ; 
which he quit at eighteen years to engage in 
teaching. For eighteen consecutive years he 
taught in the common schools of Pennsylvania, 
commencing in 1846 and retiring in 18C4. From 
186.3 to 1887 he was engaged in the general mer- 
cantile business at Ludwick. In 1887 he sold his 
mercantile establishment and with his son em- 
barked in their present real estate and insurance 
business. The firm name is J. Mensch & Son. 
They represent reliable and well established in- 
surance companies and have secured a large 
and flattering patronage. 

John Mensch was married March 22, 1863, 
to Susan C. Steiner, daughter of Joseph and 
Susan (Miller) Steiner. Mr. and Mrs. Mensch 
have been blessed with four children, of whom 
three are living : Clara Jane, wife of W. F. 
Weaver, of Ilulf station, who has five children ; 
Ellen Maria married P. P. Baughman, lives 
near Grapeville and has three children living, 
iind James A., in business with his father. 

In politics he is a republican-prohibitionist 
and has served as justice of the peace and in all 
the other minor offices of the borough of Lud- 
wick, and is at the present a member and secre- 
tary of the school board of Ludwick district. 
While serving as justice of the peace he was 
quite popular on account of discountenancing 
litigation instead of encouraging it to secure fees. 
Mr. Mensch is a member of the First Baptist 
church of Greensburg, of which he is the founder, 
and is a prudent and successful business man. 


lilOGllAPini'S OF 

•jl'ollN l)A^■ll)S()N M1I,L1(;AX. M. 1)., 

"i" 111' <irccnsl)iii-^, is of ;ui nld Scnitisli l;imily 
(Jy which has pidduciMl a niiiiihcr of cijiiiiciit 
]iru(cs-iiiii;il lucii ;is well as mariv hiavc snh 
(lim-s ami liij^hly hininrcil cili/cns. Di-. Milli- 
gaii lias wuii fur hiiiistjit' the ]iri)iiiiiii'Ut position 
as ijliysiciau wliich lio now IhiMs through liis 
own jiersistcnt fllorts. lie is the eldest son of" 
James ]M. and Elizabeth (Davidson) Milligan, 
and was liovn near Madison, ^Yest^loreland 
County, l*a., July 31, ISTjl, His j)atcrnal 
great-grandfather, John Milligan, was born near 
the home of Uobert Burns, in Ayrshire, Scot- 
land, and emigrated to Chester county, Pa., 
prior to 1774. He was a miller by occupation 
and owned a mill in Chester county, which was 
destroyed by a detachment of British troops 
during the Revolutionary war on account of his 
having supplied the Continental troops with 
Hour. lie then joined the army under Wash- 
ington and served until the close of the war. 
His brother, Alexander, was whipped to death 
by a company of British and tories for assisting 
the cause of the colonies. After the war John 
Milligan removed to Westmoreland county and 
took up, in Sciuth Huntingdon township, the 
farm ihiu knii\wi as the "Willow 'i'la'C Kami." 
He servcct as justice of the peace for several 
years before his death. He married Mary 
Adams, who was a native of Carlisle, and a 
descendant of the New England Adams family. 
They had three children : .lolin, Alexander and 
James ('., ihe latter of whnm was the grand- 
father of Dr. Milligan, and wlm was born on 
June 12. 17lU. He was a successful farmer 
and cabinet-maker and manufactured all the 
Collins then used in Senickley township. He 
was six feet two inches in height, an old school 
Covenanter in religious belief, and died in 
Sewiekley township in 188G at ninety-five years 
of age. He married Deborah Eckels, a daughter 
of ( 'harles Eckels, who was born near Carlisle, 
I'a. His father was a native of the niirtli of 
Ireland. Their ehildrt'ii were: John, Mary, 

Cliarles, .lames M., Margaret, Joseph, David, 
I'JIeii, Stephen, Ceorge and Mungo. James M. 
Milligan (father) was born in Sewiekley town- 
ship .lanuaiy I, I >i I '.', ami resides on a farm 
wliicli was paletitcil by his grandfather, John 
Milligan. He is a successful farmer, an elii- 
cient odieer of the United Brethren church and 
an active republican, ami has held various 
offices of his township. His first wife was Mary 
Murtland. She died and left him one son, 
Daniel Murtland Milligan, who enlisted in Co. 
A, fifteenth Pa. cavalry August, 18G2; was pro- 
moted to first sergeant for the gallant defense of 
an outpost near Murfreesboro, Tenn., and died 
April 19, 1869, from wounds received in North 
Carolina on the day succeeding Lee's surrender. 
Sergeant D. M. Milligan G. A. II. Post at 
Madison, Pa., is named in his honor. iMr. Milli- 
gan united in marriage June 111, 1850, with 
Elizabeth Davidson, daughter of Samuel David- 
son. They have four children : Dr. John D., 
Hannah Kosetta, wife of John S. Cope ; Sarah 
E., and Harry E., who is a farmer in Sewiekley 

Dr. John D. Milligan received his education 
in the common schools and Madison academy, 
mid taught three terms in the schools of his 
native township. He then read medicine with 
the well-known Dr. Lewis Sutton, of West 
Newton, and attended lectures in 1873 at the 
AYestern Reserve Medical College, of Cleveland, 
Ohio. Li 1874 he entered the celebrated Belle- 
vue llosjjital I'ollege of New York city, tmd was 
graduated from that famous institution March 1, 
187(3. During the spring of the succeeding 
year he took the full post-graduate course of 
Bellevue and commenced the practice of medi- 
cine at Madison. lie soon became one of the 
foremost and most successful physicians of the 
county. After a residence of thirteen years at 
Madison he selected Grcensburg as a wider 
field for the practice of his chosen profession, 
and accordingly removed to that jjlace in Janu- 
ary, 1890. He is rapidly building up a largo 


WKSTMO liF.LA M) < •() IJSTy. 


anil enviable ])iactiee in GreenSbiirg, besiiles re- 
taining many of his former patrons and secur- 
ing patronage from various otlier sections of tlie 
county, lie is ii republican in jiolitics ami was a 
member of Madison school board lor ten years. 

On October 2, 187U, he was united in mar- 
riage with Mrs. Martha J. I'inkerton, daughter 
of the late Col. Joseph Guft'ey, of Sewickley 
township. The marriage ceremony was per- 
formed in the Pennsylvania room at Mt. A'er- 
iu)u amid a throng of travelers by Rev. ingrr- 
soll, ot ^Vasilingtoa city. They have two child- 
ren : Mary M., born July Vl, 1882, and Joe. 
J., born December 30, 188-1. 

Dr. Milligan is a member of the United 
Brethren church and Three Graces lodge, No. 
934, I. 0. 0. F. He is a Free Mason, holding 
membership in Westmoreland Loilge, No. 518, 
Urania Chapter No. 192, and Kedron Cora- 
mandery, No. IS, Knight Templars, at Greens- 
burg, and Syria Temple and Pennsylvania Con- 
sistory, No. 320, of Pittsburg. Dr. Milligan is 
a close and devoted student of his profession. 
He is a member of the AVestmoreland County 
Medical Society and the Pennsylvania State 
Medical Society, and ex-president of Westmore- 
land County Medical Society. lie is an affable 
gentleman, a public-spirited citizen and an 
excelii'nt physician. 

I solid and enduring basis of honesty and 
^ industry, J. \V. Moore has built the super- 
structure of his fame and fortune and secured 
the respect and esteem of his fellow-citizens. 
Unostentatious and always avoiding undue pub- 
licity, yet he is one of the prominent characters 
that will ever renmin in the foreground of Ameri- 
can coke history, and will never be forgotten as 
a potent factor of the unexampled material devel- 
opment of western Pennsylvania, which has made 
that section the '• ^Vorkshop of the New AVorld " 
and the wonder of two liemispheres. John Wil- 

liam Moore was ])orn April Iti, 1837, in Ros- 
traver townshii), Westmoreland county. Pa., and 
is a son of Kbenezer and Nancy li. (Hurst) 
Moore. His trans-atlantic ]iaternal ancestry is 
traced back to his grandfaliirr, Robert Moore, 
who in early life (1780) removed from Cecil 
county, Md., and .settled in Uostraver township, 
Westmoreland county. Pa. lie was married in 
1780, before leaving Maryland, to Miss Jane 
Power, a sister of Rev. James Power, D.l)., wlio 
was the fust Presbyterian to settle ami preach 
in the "Western AVilds." Dr. Power came 
from eastern Pennsylvania anil })reac!ied in 
Fayette and Westmoreland counties in 1774. 
Robert ;Moore erected a large two-story log 
house into which he moved and lived during his 
life. He was one of that sturdy class of men 
who settled in the region of Dunlap's Creek, 
Rehoboth and Round Hill churches. They were 
decidedly Presbyterian and formed the nucleus 
for those churches which have stood so long and 
whose old members have left the impress of 
their lives upon the generations to follow them. 
Ebcnezer Moore, the youngest of Robert Moore's 
six children, was born August 3, 1793, and was 
the last of the family to marry, on account of 
remaining at home to care for his aged and fee- 
ble mother. In 1846 lie removed to the old 
Rlackstone farm in Tyrone township, Fayette 
county. Pa. His wife had an inherited interest 
in the farm, and he bought the interests of the 
other heirs and added to the farm by purchase 
one hundred and fifty acres of adjoining land. 
These two farms were heavily underlaid with 
coal, and it was here that the coke interests were 
started which has since been developed by his 
two younger sons, J. W. and P. H. Moore. 
Ebenezer Moore was six feet in height and 
weighed one hundred and ninety pounds. lie 
had a strong frame and a large, well-shaped 
head. He kept his face smoothly' shaved, was 
always genteel and respectable in appearance 
and was a fine-looking man. Better than this, 
he was a man of sterling integrity, was strictly 

luh: ;.. . 

Ml ol.. 'jv (' ; I .'Ji 1 n .■< -i;. >ll /< 


honest, fair in his tr:iiis;ictions, ami was a man 
of great kiiuhicss of licart, wliilu his tcinlcnics.s 
of feeling was one of his ilistingiiislied cliaracter- 
ibticd. llis attachments to iiis home ami family 
were very strong and ho loved them with the 
greatest devotion. As a business man, ho at 
times appeared rigid, thougli always just, and 
seldom made mistakes. He was modest, unas- 
suming, possessed a high regard for men, and 
was a member of the Presbyterian church in 
whieli he was twice chosen elder. He did not 
accept, however, on account of his lack of self- 
confidence, yet he had mental power that with 
more self-assurance, would have given him a 
higli position in tiie churcli. Withal he loved to 
converse on Christian topics, and at his home 
ministers of the gospel were often found, who 
were always welcome, and he loved their society. 
In politics he was a democrat and was positive 
in his faith, lie was an intelligent reader and 
took a deep interest in the passing events of his 
time, lie conversed with great earnestness upon 
the political as well as upon religious issues of 
his day. In 1844 he represented Westmoreland 
county in the Legislature, and it is an interest- 
ing fact that he received all the votes except 
five that were cast in his own township. In 
May, 1833, Ebenezer Moore married Miss 
Nancy Blackstone Hurst, daughter of James 
find Sarah Hurst, of Mt. I'leasant township, 
Westmoreland county. Pa. They reared a 
family of si.x children in the house in which 
Mr. Mooro was born. The old house is still 
standing. The farm is now owned by the eld- 
est son, James II., and for one hundred and nine 
years has been in the possession of the family. 
Mrs. Moore was a granddaughter of James and 
Priscilla Blackstone, of Fayette county. They 
had six children : one died in infancy, Sarah 
Jane died February 23, 1858, at thirteen years 
of age ; the eldest son, James II., married Miss 
Amanda Thirkield, of Fayette city, and resides 
at Monongahehi city ; thesecond son, Rev. U.IJ. 
Moore, D.D., of the Presbyterian church, mar- 

ried Miss Louisa J., yuiiugest daughter of James 
I'uul, of Fayette county, but now of Tilliii, Ohio ; 
the third son is John W., the subject of this sketch. 
J. W. Moore received his educational training 
in the common schools of his native township 
and Llder's Ridge academy. He afterward took 
a full business course at the Iron City Commercial 
college, from which he was graduated in 1856. 
He was reared in the simplicity of rural life, yet 
he manifested an ambition for business at an 
early age and was successfully engaged in stock- 
dealing before he had reached his eighteenth 
birthday. For over twenty years he was a well- 
known and extensive stock-dealer throughout 
the counties of Westmoreland, Fayette and 
Green, and met with that remarkable success 
which has ever since so abundantly crowned all 
his business ventures and undertakings. In 
1873 Mr. Moore practically retired from stock- 
dealing and engaged in the greatest enterprise 
of his business life, by an investment in the Con- 
nellsville coke industry, at that time just attract- 
ing public notice. He entered into a partnership 
with James Cochran, Solomon Kiester and -lames 
Hurst, for the manufacture of coke at the Sum- 
mit coke works, situated near Broad Ford, Fay- 
ette county. Pa. After six years he withdrew 
from this firm, purchased the Redstone coke- 
plant, three miles south of Lhiiontown, Pa., and 
enira"ed in the coke business with his brother, 
P. H. Moore. In 1881 Col. J. S. Schoonnuiker 
was admitted as a partner, and four years later 
J. W. Moore \wtliilrew. At that time the com- 
pany was running four hundred ovens and cm- 
ploying five hundred men. In 187'J he bought 
two thousand acres of coal land in Mt. Pleasant 
township, this county, where, with his accus- 
tomed energy he soon erected what is known as 
the " Mammoth coke works," and put into 
operation nearly six hundred ovens. In the 
spring of 1889 he increased his coke business 
by the purchase of the "' Wynn coke works," 
above Uniontown, Pa., and successfully operated 
these plants until the latter part of the summer. 


On August 23, 1889, he disposed of his entire 
coke interests to the II. C. Frick Coke Company 
for eonsidenihly over one million dolliirs. This 
is hy far tlie huncst dcnl ever yet made in the 
coke business, and iit ils eonsiniiiiialion Mr. MiKjre 
practically withdrew from active business and 
is now living a retired life at his beautiful home 
in Greensburg. 

On November 22, 1860, J. W. Moore was 
married to Elizabeth Staufler, eldest ilaughter of 
M. B. and Charlotta Stauffer, of Connellsville, 
Fayette county, Pa. To their Union have been 
born six children: Elmer E., dead; Albert 
Braden, superintendent of the Wynn coke 
works for II. C. Frick ; Mary Joe, wife of G. 
Bowley Richardson, a merchant of Baltimore, 
(married January 17, 188'J), who is a niendjer 
of one of the oldest families of that city; Luella 
Stauffer, James Pressley, attending Bottstown 
town academy, this State, and Irene Elizabeth. 

His investments in real estate have been both 
extensive and profitable. He owns two fine 
properties in Greensburg besides fifteen valuable 
farms in Westmoreland, Fayette and Indiana 
counties. In ISS'J Mr. Moore was engaged in 
coke manufieturing on a scale far exceeding 
anything hitherto attempted by individual enter- 
prise in the Connellsville coke region. He is 
unassuming and honorable in his intercourse 
with his fellow-nien, charitable in his judgment 
of others and liiiii in his convictions of what is 
right. In all his business enterprises J. W. 
Moore has been sagacious, ])rudent, honorable 
and successful. Beneath the shadows of the 
everlasting mountains, in the beautiful valleys of 
southern Pennsylvania, Mr. Moore planned and 
planted and has reaped a golden harvest in the 
rich field of liis great and chosen industry. 

ANIEL C. MORRIS was born in Greens- 
\^ J burg, Westmoreland county. Pa., Ajiril 
22, 18oI, on the site where the Masonic 
Hall now stands. He was educated in the com- 

mon schools and Greensburg academy. In 
1855 he engaged in the mercantile business in 
Greensburg; in 1857 went to California, re- 
turned ill 1S5!) and located in .lohn.stown, I'a., 
where he engaged in the iMi-rcanlili; and planiiig- 
mill business; in 1872 he returned to Greens- 
burg and followed surveying for a nundjer of 
years. He was appointed county surveyor for 
the unexpired term of C. T. Long, who removed 
to Ohio. 

On May 8, IStJD, he was united in marriage 
to Annie Eliza Miller, daughter of Thomas But- 
ler Miller, late of Bedford, Pa., by Rev. Daniel 
Garver, at Canton, Ohio. To their union have 
been born ten children : Samuel Lease Carpen- 
ter, Emma Cecelia, Annie Sybilla, Charles 
Clement, James Edward, Bessie Virginia, Jose- 
phine Miller, and three who died in infancy. 

D. C. Morris is now acting justice of the 
peace and notary public, having first been 
elected justice in 1878 and again in 1880. He 
is a son of Daniel Carpenter and Sybilla (Kern) 
Morris. His paternal grandfather. Captain 
William Morris, was of Scotch-Irish descent 
and among one of the earliest settlers in the 
Juniata valley, now Huntingdon county, and was 
born January 9, 1782, in Huntingdon county. 
Pa., where on May 13, 1800, lie married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Daniel and Mary Carpenter. 
Ca[)t. Morris served at Lake Erie in 1812; he 
afterwards removed to Murrysville, Westmore- 
huid county, where he died November 7, 1828. 
The Carpenters, who were Germans, came to 
Pennsylvania with William Penn, who Angli- 
cised the name of Zimmerman to Carpenter, 
when he made out their land warrants, which 
change was confirmed by Act of Assembly in 
order to avoid any difficulty which might arise. 
The father of Mr. Morris was born in Hunting- 
don county. Pa., June 6, 1804, and died in 
Greensburg, Pa., December 8, lb84. He was 
a man over six feet in height, of fine presence 
and a mcniljcr of Christ's Episcopal church, 
Cireensburg, Pa. He read law with Major'lllF.S (IF 

Jolili 15. Alexiiinlcr iiiul was ailiiiittcil to piac- 
tice ut Novfiiiljcr tuiiii, 1827 ; he liml .scciircd 
quite an extensivo practice at the time of" his 
(leatii. lie was a stmnj; ami active lii'iiioerat 
liml was a |iiililieal U'lnler (iri'oree and iulliielice. 
'riiere were Ikuu to tiiis uiiinii tliree ejiiiih-eii : 
Keziaii C, ^largaret Cecelia ami l>aiiiel C. 
Three years after the tleatli of his father his 
niotlier was married to Alexander Craig, of Hill- 
side, '\Vestuiorelaiul county. To this union 
were born three children : Dr. Alex. Craig, 
of Columbia, Pa.; Louisa Sybilla Moore (nee 
Craig), of Wheeling, West ^'irginia, and Dr. 
George (r. Craig, of Rock Island, Illinois. Mr. 
Morris' mother was a daughter of Joseph and 
Margaret Kern and was born in Greensburg, 
Pa., December 30, ISOS, ami died at the resi- 
dence of her son. Dr. Alex. Craig, June -il, 
1888, and was buried by the side cif her first 
husband in St. Clair cemetery, Greensburg, 

Mr. Morris is a member of Philanthropy 
Lodge, No. -J^r., F. ^c A. M., Urania IL 11. A. 
^L, Chapter, No. 192, and Kedron Command- 
ery. No. 18, located at Greensburg, Pa.; he is a member of several beneficial organizations, 
and is an active and life-long democrat, always 
voting the straight ticket ; he is also a member 
of Christ's Episcopal church, Greensburg, Pa. 

, ARWIN MUSICK. the brilliant editor of 
ihe (inrii.-./'iir,/ Jhiilii and IIV, A7// 
llrctird, was liiun m llem|ilirlil town- 
ship, WestMiiuelaJid county, Pa., .March 11, 
1847, and is a son of Peter and Elizabeth 
(Seanor) ^lusick. His paternal grandfather, 
David jNIusick, was a native of Northumberland 
county, Pa., and came to Westmoreland county 
in 178U, when he was but thirteen years of age. 
He was a farmer by occupation and a strict mem- 
ber of the Evangelical Lutheran church. His 
maternal grandfather, Phiiij) Seannr, who set- 
tled in Ilemplield township at an early day, was 

of (jerman descent. He followed farming, was 
a consistent member of the Lutheran church, 
and was of that thrifty and honest pioneer class 
of |ieople who gave character to the central part 
of the county. His falhei', Peter JLisick, was 
born near Adamsburg, August 1, 1807. He 
was a cooper by trade, and in 1854 purchased a 
farm in Unity township, upon which he resided 
until his death, which occurred December '20, 
1880. He had reached and passed his eighty- 
second tnile stone along the rugged path of life, 
and of him was affectionately said: "He was one 
of those on whom time had left the mark of his 
snowy fingers. ]5ut we have only learned to 
venerate age all the more by the sorrows we have 
felt, and to us all, silvered locks are doubly 
sanctified." He was an exemplary member of 
the Lutheran church. He married Elizabeth 
Seanor, who survived him but one short fort- 
night, and passed away in the eighty-first year 
of her age. 

Darwin Musick was reared on his father's 
farm until he was nineteen j'ears of age. He 
then (186G) entered Capital University, of Col- 
umbus, Ohio, from which institution he was 
graduated in June, 1871. After graduation he 
was engaged in normal school teaching for two 
years at Madison. In 1873 he took charge of 
the public school at Adamsburg, which position he 
held until January, 187'J, when he was appointed 
chief clerk to the board of county commissioners. 
After Serving in this capacity for three years lie 
was elected clerk of the county courts by eight 
hundred majority. At the expiration of his 
term of cilice in January, 188G, he entered the 
field of journalism, and on April 1, 188G, issued 
the initial number of the present paper, the 
Greensburg Jievord. 

He was married twice. His fifst wife, Sadie 
A. Hays, daughter of Samuel Hays, of Mt. 
Pleasant township, died, leaving four children : 
Herbert Manton, Ada Mabel, Samuel Hays and 
Susan, all of wIkjui are living. His second 
marriage was with Ilattie Staid, daughter of 



Natliiiii Stiilil, liilo of Adiunsbiir}^. Tlieru uic 
tln\'0 L'liililiiMi to tliis union : I'linnia Stalil, Dar- 
win, >)r., and Daniel Patterson. 

Itarvvin Musick is a niouilirr ol' tiie PatronsoC 
llnnlianilry. Jlo is a so-callcil IVco-tiailo denjo- 
crat, was cliuirnian of the deniociutic county 
committee in 1884, served as a meuiber of the 
democratic State central comniittcuin 1887, and 
during three State campaigns lie did cll'ectivo 
service by stumping western Pennsylvania. lie 
is a classical scholar, an excellent mathematician, 
a pleasing and entertaining conversationalist 
and a courteous and genial gentleman, lie is 
one with whom the ties of home are very strong. 
On March 1, 188(j, Mr. ?ilusickand 1). P. Stahl 
formed a partnership and started the Greens- 
burg Daili/ and Weekli/ Record, of which the 
former became editor and the latter assumed the 
position of business manager. From the saluta- 
tory published April 1, 188(3, we extract ; "The 
Itecord, emerging from a state of embryo, has 
sprung ' like Minerva, from the brow of Jove, 
full-armed into existence ' u]ion the bright and 
auspicious morn of its eventful and ]icrfectly 
legitimate birth. 1'ho Record is not the crea- 
ture of any clique, faction or individual. It 
will never become the niuuth-i)icce of any one to 
air his personal grie\ances or further his private 
or selfish ends. As we are not the child of fac- 
tion nor the ollspring of any locality or clique, 
we will always be free to defend the right and 
condemn the wrong. Being throughly denio- 
cralic, it will admit of no coalition in the 
dark." The Record, to day, is aggressively 
democratic. It has a wide and constantly 
increasing circulation in this and adjoining 
counties, and numbered among its patrons arc 
citizens of nearly every State in the Union. It 
is a live and j)rogressive journal, and has always 
been I'carless in advocating what it deemed to be 

As an editorial wi'iter, [>arwin Musick is fair 
and honorable in his treatment of men and 
measures; but in attacking popular follies or 

<lemaiiding ncciled reforms, he writes in a keen 
and willii^ring vein of sarcasm pecidiarly ids 
own. In a controversy his pen bristles like the 
" fielful porcupine " and iiis pointed ([uills are 
HJiot at the intended mark regarlll(^ss of who may 
stand in the way. His style is simple but not 
severe ; cloijuent but not profuse or iiorid, and 
he always interests but never tires his readers. 

JOHN M. NEUBAUER, one of Greens- 
I burg's well-known citizens and proprietor 
*il of the " Fisher House," was born on 
French street, Erie, Erie county. Pa., April 27, 
1853, and is a son of Henry ami Elizabeth K. 
(Lederer) Neubauer. Mr. Neubauer is of Ger- 
man extraction. The Neubauers of Germany 
were a substantial and well-to-do family. (Jne 
of its members, Henry Neubauer, was born 
April 22, 1828, at the village of Alzei, near the 
Pihine, in Hesse Darmstadt. He was a shoe- 
maker by trade, came to the United States in 
1848, and eventually settled in Erie, Pa., where 
from 18(-)1 to 1873 he was engaged in the 
grocery business. In 1873 be built the Arcade 
Hotel, which he successfully conducted for many 
years. It is now owned by his son, Frank 
Neubauer. In 1850 Henry Neubauer married 
Elizabeth K. Leilerer, daughter of Michael 
Lederer, of Frankfurt, on the Rhine, Province 
of Brandenburg. Mr. Neubauer is a son of 
John Neubauer, who was a native of Alzei and 
came to Erie, where he engaged in farming. 

John JNl. Neubauer was reared at Erie city 
and educated in its public schools. Leaving 
school, he engaged in the grocery business for 
five years. He was a traveling salesman for a 
time with a Mr. ^Varner, of Pittsburg, in the 
boot and shoe business, after which he resumed 
charge of his grocery and sueeessfully conducted 
it until December, 1885. in I, SSI) he eame to 
Greensburg anil purchased his (iresent hotel, the 
Fisher House, 'i'he Fisher House is centrally 
located, opposite the court-house, on the corner 

•■7 ■•'J: 00 


of South Main and West Pittsburg streets. The 
Fisher House is one of tiie largest and finest 
hotels in the county. The building is a fine 
four-story briciv structure. It contains ninny 
rooms, besides a large dining hull, neat, tasteful 
parlors and a fine sample-room for commercial 
travelers. The entire house is heated by natural 
gas, illuminated by incandescent light and com- 
plete in all its interior arrangements for the 
accumniodation and comfort of its niany guests. 
Mr. Neuljauur thoroughly understands the hotel 
business in which he is engaged. Under his 
superior management the Fisher House has 
attained its present high stamling and enviable 

October 22, 1877, Mr. Neubauer married 
Alice Amanda Foster, daughter of Henry and 
Christiana (Schultz) Foster. 

John M. Neubauer is a pleasant gentleman 
of tine business ability and experience, and has 
successfully commended himself to public favor 
and generous patronage. He is prominent in 
Masonic circles and has taken the Knight 
Templar and Scottish Rite degrees. 

'^ ACOB F. NICEWONGER,a soldier of the 

f ' late war and proprietor of a large livery, feed 
(2/ and sales stable at Greensburg, was burn 
■ at Ligonier, Westmoreland county. Pa., July 
13, 1838, and is the fourth child of Col. Joseph 
and Margaret E. (Hull) Nicewonger. The N ice- 
wongers are of German descent. Col. Joseph 
Nicewonger was born in Bedford county, Pa., 
but after arriving at man's estate emigrated to 
Ligonier, where he died in 1873. His occupa- 
tion was farming, with the exception of a few 
years, when he ran a hotel at Ligonier. He was 
a warm friend of popular education, an active 
worker in the ranks of the Republican party, and 
was for many years a devoted member of the Pres- 
byterian church. He was colonel for a long time 
of a militia regiment at Ligonier. He married 
Margaret Elizabeth Hull, whose fatlier was a 

teamster on the old "National road." They had 
si.xtcen children, of whom twelve are living. 
Mrs. Nicewonger, now aged seventy-si.x years, 
resides in < 'alifornia. 

Jacob F. Nicewongcr's educational privileges 
were limited to the common schools for a brief 
period of time. For several years prior to 1877 
he was engaged at Ligonier in business, excep- 
ting the time he served in the Federal army. On 
Ajiril 1, 1887, he removed to Greensburg, 
where he soon purchased his present livery stable 
from Edward Keenan. At the opening of the 
late war Mr. Nicewonger enlisted under Capt. 
Donnelly in Co. K, of the eleventh Pa. A'ols., 
commanded by Col. Richard Coulter. He en- 
listed for thi-ee months, and at the expiration of 
that time re-enlisted for another month, in order 
to participate in the battle of Bull Run, then 
imminent and hourly expected. After that dis- 
astrous battle he again enlisted for nine months, 
but getting his feet badly scalded, he was honor- 
ably discharged and sent home. 

He was married to Elizabeth, daughter of 
William Smith, of Pleasant Unity, Pa. To 
their union have been born six children, of w hom 
five are living : Louis Donnelly, who is in 
business at Scottdalc ; WilUiani J., Ellis Clinton, 
Mautle and Edna. 

J. F. Nicewonger is a republican and a mem- 
ber of the Evangelical Lutheran church, of 
which his wife and two eldest children are mem- 
bers. His stable livery is one of the largest at 
Greensburg; his stock of horses, buggies and 
carriages is large, well-selected and adajjted to 
thcAvants of his extensive and substantial patron- 
age. He is a good citizen and a thorough-going 
business man. 

I^EMUEL OFFUTT, M. D., a successful 

l' [ practitioner of Westmoreland county, is a 

native of Seneca, Montgomery county, 

Maryland, and was born on May 8, 1851. His 

fatlier, James (Jffutt, a farmer by occu]>ation. 


■was born near Groat Falls, Marylaml, on October 
3, KSDl. He married Mavy White (bom March 
o, IM-JT), on March 17, lH4:i, a duiii;liter of 
Saiiniel \Vliite, who was a native of l']n;^l!inil : 
he caiiie to America ulicn a nierc^ boy and with 
his parents settleil in Maiyland. James Ull'utt 
(jiatcrnal grandfather) eaine from Scotland to 
the United States with liis two brothers, George 
and Andrew, located in Maryland, and nearly 
the whole of Montgomery county was ceded to 
them by Benedict Charles Calvert. They were 
likely forced to leave their native country on ac- 
count of their being dissenters. James Offutt 
was a stanch democrat and was noted for his 
abstemious and temperate habits, whicli seem to 
be hereditary among the entire family of Ofl'utts. 
Dr. Lcumel Oti'utt was ])rinci}ially educated 
in the Andrew Small academy in Montgomery 
county; on leaving the academy he taught school 
for three terras in his native county. Having 
been at an early age thrown upon his own re- 
sources, on account of a defaulting county treas- 
urer, on whose bond was Dr. Oft'utt's father, and 
which completely wrecked him financially, he 
colnmenced the study of medicine with Dr. II. 
C. Nurse of Darnestown, in 1>571 ; subsc((uently 
attended lectures at the University of Maryland, 
where he entered in 1874 and was graduated in 
the class of 1870. Eighteen months of the 
time he spent at the University was in the Mary- 
land University hospital. He came to I'cnn 
station in l.S7ti and iicgaii the general practice 
of mi'dicine, whcic he continued to reside until 
l8S:i, when he left there on account of his ex- 
tensive practice requiring too much riding, and 
came to Greensburg in December, 1883, where 
he is at present engaged in successfid practice. 
He is a close student and keeps abreast of the 
times. He keeps himself posted in the new 
works of note that are constantly being gotten 
out and of the various medical journals of the 
day. He is a member of the Odd Fellows and 
of several other similar organizations. He ad- 
heres to the time-honored principles of the Dem- 

ocratic party and is a member of the Presbyterian 
church. On January 2.'), 1S77, he was married 
to Miss Sarah E. Dukes, of lialtiniorc, a daii;;hlcr 
of Levan Hiikcs, of Washington, l). <'., who was 
a S(.'a captain and died whiMi .Mrs. Oll'ntt was 
(juite young. To their marriage have been born 
five children : James IL, born December 27, 
1877; Mary Ella, March 30,1879; Lemuel, 
January 8, 1881; Sarah, February 23. 1887, 
and William Griliith, April 17, 1889. WMlliam 
Griffith dieil July 11, 1889, and Lemuel died 
October 2G, iSb'J. 

ENNA C. OGDEN, e.\-district attorney 
kJ of Westmoreland county and one of its 
most promising young lawyers,' was born 
in Fairfield township, Westmoreland county, 
Pa., March it), 1800, and is the second son of 
Lieut. John B. and Bella J. (McDowell) Ogden. 
He is one of the descendants of that celebrated 
Scotch-Irish Ogden f;iinily of New Jersey, which 
has produced so many eminent and distinguished 
men. Denna C. Ogden is fifth in lineal descent 
from Joseph Ogden, who was a brother of David 
Ogden, the eminent jurist, who was born in 
1707, graduated from Yale college in 1728, was 
appointed a judge of the supreme court of New 
Jersey in 1772 and died in 1800. Judge Og- 
den's son, Hon. Abraham Ogden, was the 
founder of Ogilensburg, New York, ranked as 
one of the great jury lawyers of his day and 
was the father of 'Thomas Ludlow Ogden, who 
was the law partner of Alexander Hamilton and 
the legal adviser of the great " Holland Laiul 
Company." Among the many other Ogdens of 
New Jersey, who were distinguished divines, in- 
ventors and statesmen, was Aaron Ogden, LL.D., 
who graduated at Princeton, served under Wash- 
ington, was elected United States senator and 
died in 1889. Joseph Ogden (great-great- 
grandfather) was born in New Jersey about 
1710, where he died about 1772. His son, 
Joseph, was born in 1735, ami in 1755 came to 



Fail-field townsliip, wliere he ilied about 1815. 
lie was one of tlie early pioneers of Westniore- 
laml county, ami his son, James Ogden, was 
horn in 1785 and died in 1858. A son of the 
hitter was Ijieiit. John 15. Ogden, who was born 
Juno IG, 182,5, an<l died December Hi, 188i). 
In the late war he aided largely to raise the 
fourth Pa. cavalry, and was commissioned first 
lieut. of Co. D in that regiment, uf which 
George H. Covode was colonel. He was 
wounded twice and disabled once while .-serving 
in the Army of the Potomac. In 1^554 he mar- 
ried IJella J. McDowell. They were the jiarents 
of three children. Mrs. Ugden was a daughter 
of Jacob McDowell, who was the youngest of a 
family of si.xteen children, and whose father, 
Robert McDowell, was of Scotch-Irish descent, 
and located on eighteen hundred acres of land 
in Ligonier township. lie was married in Fort 
Ligonier, which he and his wife helped to de- 
fend against an Indian attack in ITG^J. 

Denna C. Ogden was educated in the common 
schools at Blairsville academy. He read law 
with Stewart & Marlin, of Jefferson county. 
Pa., where he was admitted to the bar in 1882. 
The next year he was admitted to the bar of 
Westmoreland county, where he engaged in the 
practice of law at Greensburg. In 188G he was 
nominated by the democrats for district attorney, 
having seven majority over the combined vote 
of his three competitors for the nomination, and 
won considerable renown for the manner in 
which he conducted his canvass. At the elec- 
tion he polled the heaviest vote of the si.xteen 
candidates on the democratic county ticket, and 
was the youngest man ever elected to the posi- 
tion in the county, being only twenty-si.x years 
of age. During his term he was distinguished 
for his courtesy to all, and at the end of three 
years refused to allow his name to be used for a 
second term, believing that each one should have 
his turn. As a lawyer Mr. Ogdeu studies his 
cases thoroughly, j)resent3 them well, is true to 
his client and just to his opponent. 

April 5, 1888, he united in marriage with 
Anna W . McCullough, a daughter of John 
McCullough and sister to the late Hon. Wclty 

f SAAC OPPENHEIM. One of the most 
I important branches of the mercantile trade, 
J and one that is well represented in every 
town and city of any importance is that of 
clothier and furnisher. One of the most popu- 
lar and largely patronized clothing and furnish- 
ing houses of the progressive borough of Greens- 
burg is that of Isaac Oppenheim, at No. 133 
North Main street. ^Ir. (Jppenheim, like many 
of our prosperous and useful business men, is 
originally from the "Old World," but he has 
resided in Greeiisburg for more than seven 
years, and during this time has thoroughly 
identified himself with the interests and welfare 
of its citizens. Isaac Oppenheim is a son of 
Thomas and Celia jM. (Aremberg) Oppenheim, 
and was born at Kalvarey, in Russian Poland, 
December 2, 1859. He is descended from a 
family of merchants. His grandfather, Lewis 
Oppenheim, and his father, Thomas Oppenheim, 
were both natives and successful business men 
as Avell as prosperous merchants of Kalvarey. 

Isaac Ojipenheim was reared at Kalvarey and 
received his education in the schools of that 
town. At si.\teen years of age lie came to the 
United States and engaged in peddling, which 
business, however, he only followed for eighteen 
months. He next turned his attention to the 
traveling auctioneer business, which he pursued 
with good success for six years. In 1883 he 
came to Greensburg, and being favorably im- 
pressed with that place opened a dry goods and 
notion store on Pittsburg street. He conducted 
this store with very profitable results until 1889, 
when he concluded to embark in the clothing 
and furnishing business. On April 1, 1889, he 
opened his present large and commodious mer- 
cantile establishment, which is now fitted up 


with special reference to the demands of his ex- 
tensive and rapidly augmenting trade, lie lia.s 
a full and complete stock of the finest and most 
fashionable ready-made clothing and furniHliing 
goods. Mr. Ojipenheim is all'able and obliging. 
He is a one-price clothier who never misrepre- 
sents the quality of liis goods. He is an expe- 
rienced and capable business man who conducts 
his extensive trade on honoralile and liberal 
principles, and is highly esteemed in mercantile 

On March 27, 1887, he married Ray Silver- 
man, a daughter of Myer Silverman, a firomi- 
nent merchunt of Hudson, New York. They 
have one child, who is named May (iiieea Op- 

Isaac Oiipenheim is independent in politics, 
and votes for the man whom he thinks is best 
fitted for the office. He is a member of Mt. 
Sinai Lodge, No. 480, Knights of Pythias and 
AVestmoreland Lodge, No. 840, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He is young in years, 
has achieved business success and is imbued 
with the true spirit of enterprise and energy. 

.11. A. J. ORNDORF, a fine workman 
1^ ' and a leading dentist of Greensburg, is a 
son of Jacob and Sarah (Clark) Orndorf, 
and was born at Woodward, Centre county, Pa., 
October 12, 1843. John Orndorf (paternal 
grandfather) was born November 10, 1704, died 
July 10, 184G, aged 71 ye;irs and eight niontli.s, 
was a mason by trade but followed farming. 
His wife was Elizabeth Hess, daughter of Mod- 
est Hess, and was born at Selins Grove, Snyder 
county. Pa.; died of palsy aged seventy-one 
years, three months and eight Jays. They 
reared a family of five sons and two daughters. 
Jacob Orndorf (father) was born at Woodward, 
July 13, 1813, and died February G, 1890, 
aged seventy-six years, six months and twenty- 
two days. Farming had been the occupation of 
his life. He was a large, powerful man but 

(piiet and unassuming and was one of those who 
cleared and injproved that suction of country, 
redeeming it to the plow from its immeiiso 
forests of pine. A democrat of the ohl school, 
he never aspired to any oliice and was an honest 
and conservative man who was highly re- 
spected by his neighbors. He was a member of 
the German Reformed church, later a meniber 
of the Evangelical church and was marriijij to 
Sarah Clark, daughter of James Clark ; grand- 
I mother's maiden name was Keister. Great- 
grandfather's name uas Henry Orndorf, and 
have been unable to asceilain, but think he i aiue 
from Germany. I'o their union have been born 
two sons and three daugiiters. 

A. J. Orndorf was educated in the common 
schools of AVoodward and Egg Hill academy. 
Leaving school, he leariie<l the tiade of cabinet- 
maker and engaged for two years in that line of 
business. But having a taste for work in a 
line of business requiring finer mechanical skill 
and workmanship than that required in cabinet- 
making he turned his attention to dentistry and 
entered the dental office of Dr. W. S. Ilarter, of 
Millheim, Centre county. Pa., where he served 
the recjuired student's term of two years. In 
18G7 he opened an office at Pine Grove Mills, 
of his native county, where he practiced den- 
tistry successfully until 1888, and during his 
residence at that place he served three terms as 
justice of the peace. In July, 1888, he removed 
to Greensburg, where he occupies a fine suite of 
rooms in the Mytinger building on Main street. 
His location is one of the best in the town 
while his rooms are fitted up in fine style with 
all the latest and improved appliances of his 
profession. His practice is large and rapidly 
increasing. He is assisted by his son, C. Eugene 
Orndorf, who has taken one course of lectures at 
the Baltimore Dental college and from which he 
will graduate in 1890. 

On December 10, 18G.'>, Dr. Orndorf was 
married by Rev. W. II. Purr, to Lydia Amanda, 
daughter of Andrew Bell, of Centre county, Pa. 


luoaiiiriiiKS OF 

'I'hcy liavi' fiiui' childirii living : C. Eugciio, 
Ixirn Aiiji;nst 14, J8(iij; .Minnie (u-aco, Nrilio 
11,11 an. 1 Klva KllinIL 

I'r. ( )inil(ii r is a ilcnioL'rat, iuis lioeii a nicni- 
I)L'i' of the iMetlioilist Episcojial cliurcli fiir iiver 
twenty yeais, lias filleil all the various local 
ulliees of that ehureh, anil expeels to reside in 
Greensburg the reuiainder of his ilay.s. 

^IIOMAS PARKS. Of the important 
\^ business interests of Greensburg none are 
^ more important than those of milling 
and brick manufacture, and a leading exponent 
of these lines of business is Thomas Parks, now 
resident of Greensburg. He was born just 
below Allegheny city, Allegheny county, Pa., 
February IM, 1H41, and is a son of Jainc'S and 
Mary A. (Woods) Parks. Jatiies Parks was a 
native of county Derry, north of Ireland, came 
to the United States when a young man and 
followed farming and brick-making for a liveli- 
hood. He died in 18G1 at the age of sixty-five 
years, lie was a member of the Presbyterian 
church, a whig and later a republican in politics 
and married Mary A. Woods, by whom ho had 
eight children. She was a daughter of Andrew 
Woods, who kept a public house in Ireland, and 
at fourteen years of age came over to this country 
with her brother. 

Thomas Parks attended the public schools of 
Allegheny city for several years and then 
learned (he brick-making business. In 18G7 he 
located in Cireensburg, but in lS7-'i removed to 
Paradise, wdiere he now resides ainl operates a 
large brick-yard. He is a partner with his 
brother, W. 15. Parks, in the flouring-mill busi- 
nes.s. They own and o[)crate the (Jreensburg 
Roller I\Iills. which is fitted up with the latest 
improved roller process and other modern mill- 
ing machinery. The mill has a capacity of lifty 
barrels per day, does a large custom trade 
and supplies a wiile section of surrouinling 

Thomas Parks was married Ajiril 1^1, 1864, 
to Annie 1']. Ash, who i.s a daughter of Jonathan 
Ash, of Donegal township. Of their marriage 
have bei'U boiii ten eliildren, of vrhom eight aie 
living : William and Jonathan Winfudd, who 
are assisting their father in the brick-making 
business; Mary A., Martha K., Luciaii C, 
Samuel II., Keturah, and Charles M. 

Thomas Parks is a democrat in jjolitieal sen- 
timent and has always been a regular attendant 
of the services of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He has had a long practical experi- 
ence in the brick-making business and with his 
ample facilities for producing first-class brick, he 
is always ready to fill the various orders of his 
m;jny patrons. 

't*OIIN M. PEIFLY, a native of one of the 
I world's stnjiigest empires ami a citizen of 
QJ the world's greatest republic, is a son of 
Frederick and Elizabeth (Lu*z) Peifly, and was 
born in the well-known kingdom of 'Wurtem- 
burg, southwestern Germany, April 26, 1830. 
Frederick Peifly was born at the town of Boes- 
cnginen, Germany, September 3, 1790 ; he emi- 
grated to Lycoming county. Pa., in 1833, re- 
moved in 1844 to Westmoreland county, where 
he settled in ^Vasliington townsliip and was en- 
gaged in weaving until his death, which took 
place July 14, 187G. He was an active mem- 
ber of the Evangelical Lutheran church, and 
married Elizabeth Lutz of his native town in 
Germany. They were the parents of eight 
children, of whom three are living : Christina, 
married to Christopher Bealer, of Lycoming 
county ; Abraham N., a farmer in Dakota, and 
John M. 

John M. Peifly attended the common schools 
of Lycoming and Westmoreland counties. Leav- 
ing school, he learned the trade of weaver with 
his father, and removed to Stephenson county, 
Illinois, where he was engaged in Aveaving for 
sixteen years. In 18(;7 he left his western 

ni .oiAit/^ lijouiv, , 

wi:srM<)iii:i,.\yi> cousty. 

liiiiiH', rotui'uccl to llic " Kfystiiiie St;itc," ;iiiil \v;is 
engaged four years in a wuok-u mill of Joliiistuwii, 
Pa. InlHTl lie iciudsciI to Lmlwick, wlicio lie 
iias coiiliiiiicil III i-('.siilc ii|i to iIk' |ii(sriit time. 

On Miircli ir>, ISCO, 1,,. nunicl I'liuiihi;!, ( !. 
l<"ry, (laughter uF Solomon l'"iy, oC llemplieKl 
townsliip. To tlieir union have been born eight 
chililren, of whom seven are living: Elizabeth, 
a dress maker ; L. Franklin, a teamster ; Ellen, 
a dress maker; Silas M., a founder, with Kelley 
& Jones; Lida Jane, Carrie A., and Juna May. 

J. M. Peilly is a denioerat ; he has served as 
burgess and school director of ins borough and 
been judge of election. Jle is a member of 
Centennial Lodge, No. 100 Ancient CircK'r of 
United Workmen; Energetic Lodge, No. 70, 
Knights of Honor ; Greensburg Council, No. 
44, Koyal Arcanum ; Greensburg Lodge, No. 
484, Knights of I'ythias ; Protection Council, 
No. 11, C'hosen Friends; Pleasant (Jouncil, 
No. 53, Home Circle ; Central Grange, No. 
835, Patrons of Husbandry, and a mendjer of 
Westmorehind Lodge, No. 84, 1. 0. 0. F. In 
these secret societies he carries $10,000 of in- 
surance on his life. Mr. Peifly is a member of 
Zion Evangelical Lutheran churcli of Greens- 
burg and is a prominent citizen of Ludwick. 

ORRIS L. Painter, a prominent and 
successful business man of WestUKjreland 
county and a resident of Greensburg, is 
a son of Col. Israel Painter, and was born in the 
city of Lancaster, Lancaster county, Pa., Feb- 
ruary 21, 184y. His great-grandfather, Jacob 
Painter, Sr., was a native of Mechlenburg, Ger- 
many, who married and emigrated to Perks 
county. Pa. Here si.x; children were born to 
him, four sons and two daughters : Hon. Jacob, 
Michael, John and Tobias ; one daughter mar- 
ried George Myerers and the other became the 
wife of Christopher Ilarrold. Hon. Jacob 
Painter (grandfather) married a Miss Rajiiere, 
of Indiana county. Pa., anil settled on a larm 

eight miles south of Green.sburg, in IlempiielJ 

township. He built a stone, fiinied 
extensivt'ly and uas a very arlive business man. 
He Mciveilas jiolire of llie [irace, nienil.rr olllu; 
Legi.-.luline and us assiicialc judge of Wesliiiore- 
land county from ISOO until his death. He was 
the whig candidate for Congress against William 
Findley and was only defeated by seventi'en 
votes. He was twice married. l<y his first 
marriage he had seven children: Betsey, wife 
of Gen. Joseph ^larkle and mother of Gen. C. 
P. Markle ; Rebecca, Catharine, Tobias, George, 
Elias, and one whose name is not given. After 
his first wife's death he married Catherine 
Lobingier, daughter of Hon. Christo])her and 
Elizabeth (Mueller) Lobingier. The second wife 
bore him ten children : Polly, .John, Jacob, 
Christopher, George, Joseph, Penjamin, Susan, 
Col. Israel and Sophia. Mrs. Catherine Paint- 
er's father, Hon. Christopher Lobingier, mar- 
ried Elizabeth JIueller in ITlJG, removed to ^\l. 
Pleasant township in 1772, was a member of the 
Pennsylvania Constitutional convention of 177G, 
and of the House of Representatives from 17'.'1 
to 1793, and died Independence day, 17'JS. His 
eldest son, Hon. John Lobingier, was a promi- 
nent man of his day, was justice of the jieace, 
member of the Pennsylvania Legislature and 
was elected associate judge of Westmoreland 
county in 1821 as the successor of his brother- 
in-law, Hon. Jacob Painter. Col. Israel Painter, 
youngest son of Hon. Jacob Painter, was born 
in llemptield township November 11, 1810, and 
was educated at Jefl'erson college, Cannonsburg, 
Pa. Leaving school, he taught two terms of dis- 
trict school and purchased his brother Christo- 
pher's store at Mt. Pleasant, which he operated 
one year ; he then built the Mammoth salt 
works and engaged extensively in the salt in- 
dustry in this county and western Virginia. He 
next became a live stock dealer, purchased 
horses, cattle, hogs and sheep in Pennsylvania, 
(Jhio, Kentucky and West A'irginia, and during 
the late war suiiiilied the Union armies willi a 



liirj^L' iiiiiiiliiT of liorsi's, ciittlc iiiid iiiuli'^i. His 
;ici|iiaint;ini'r with I'rcsulent liiiicolii, wliose coii- 
tuUiiiL' lie eiijoycil, wus ut' no little service to 
liiiii in his transactions -with the government. 
He was one of the most remarkable ami success- 
ful business men who ever lived in Westmore- 
land county; lie sncccssfuliy conducted more 
different business enterprises than any other 
citizen of his day in western Pennsylvania. In 
connection with salt production and live-stock 
purchases he dealt iluritig iiis life-time in real 
estate, operated in oil and oil lands, engaged in 
the milling business, managed several large 
farms, gave attention to coal and coal lands, 
operated coke works, invested in the cotton trade, 
aiitl was interested in large contracts for the 
construction of sections on several important 
railways, lie was a stockholder in several 
pikes, banks, and a navigation company. He 
purchased over one hundred farms in Westmore- 
land county, besides buying and selling valuable 
tracts of land in Fayette and Indiana counties. 
At his death he owned thirty-two farms. In 
185-3, at a cost of $25,000, he built the Weaver 
grist mill, of Painter's station. At that time it 
was tlie largest flouring mill in western Penn- 
sylvania. He also owned flour mills at Union- 
town, Manor and Latrobe. He was the first to 
inlnidiice western Pennsylvania coal as gas-coal 
into the eastern market. His numerous busi- 
ness enterprises did not engaj^e all his time, and 
in 1S18 he served as a niendjer of the Pennsyl- 
vania LeL'islature. From 1S40 to 1S52 he was 
canal commissioner, and as a delegate to the 
Democratic National Convention at Charleston, 
S. C, he supported the candidacy of Stephen 
A. Dousrlas. His death occurred July 4, 1880. 
" It has fallen to few men to fill a larger space 
in their locality than did Col. Israel Painter. 
His energy and will seemed inexhaustible. He 
was constantly on the alert. AVith him to think 
was to act. Difficulties and obstacles which 
have overwhelmed most men only inspired in 
liini renewed exertions. In his disjiosition he | 

was whole-souled and genial, conscipiently few 
men commanded a wider or warmer circle of 

Morris L. Painter attended the common 
schools of Lancaster county, and at lliirteen 
years of age entered a jirinting office in Lancas- 
ter, where he remained for four years. He 
worked on the Pittsburg Dinpatch and an old 
paper called the Republic. At about eighteen 
he assumed charge of the Painter salt works on 
Sewiekley creek. In 1801) he went to Venango 
county and was engaged there and in Clarion 
for nine years in different avocations with 
varying fortunes. In 1878 he came to West- 
moreland county and assisted his father in his 
large and varied business interests until Col. 
Painter's death. As one of his father's adminis- 
trators he spent two years in settling up the 
large estate. In 1886 he became interested in 
coke manufacture at Tarr's station, and with A. 
W. Mellon, of Pittsburg, erected two hundred 
ovens, which they sold to a syndicate in 1887. 
For the last two years Mr. Painter has been 
principally engaged in buying and selling coal 
lands and in building houses. 

In April, 1880, he was married to Lydia 
Bell, daughter of Samuel Bell, of South Hunt- 
ingdon township. To their union have been 
born four children : Sanmel, Harry, who died 
in 1884 ; Walter and Clara. 

Morris L. Painter is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and the Royal Arcanum. He is a 
democrat, but seeks no political position and 
never served but once in an official capacity — 
that was his election as member of the town 
council of West Newton. He attends the ser- 
vices of the Presbyterian church, of which his 
wife is a member. 

^ LLIOTT C. PIERCE was born February 

ftH 22, 1(S01, at Troutville, Clearfield county. 

Pa., and is a son of James and Sarah Ann 

(Ilarrold) Pierce. His fatlicr was born in 


Clarion county, Pa., September 28, lK-24, ami a 
son of William and Mary (Pierce) Pieroe, who 
Ixjth .lied at a rip.' old ai^c. .lames I'ierce waS 
a school teacher, and later a salesman lor a jmli- 
lishing lioiiso. lie was a member of tlie Lu- 
theran church and died at Uhimersburg, Clarion 
county, August 31, 1804. He married a daugh- 
ter of Philip and Elizabeth (llarrold) Ilarrold. 
Phillip Ilarrold's boyhood home was in Sew- 
ieklev township, Westuiorelanil county. Pa-", be 
was an old style school master, and removed 
to Punxsutawney, Pa., where he died in the 
year 1887, at the age of seventy-nine years. 
Elizabeth Ilarrold was born and reared in Co- 
lumbia county, Ohio, and died in 184r). To 
Mr. and Mrs. Pierce were born six children, of 
whom live children are living: John 11. is an 
attorney of Indiana, Pa.; Mary J., a teacher in 
Armstrong county, residing at home with her 
mother, near Elderton ; Elliott C, Emma C. 
is the wife of William Knepshield, of near 
Cochran's mills, Armstrong county ; and James 
L. is a traveling salesman. 

Elliott C. Pierce was educated in the common 
schools, lie made his own way in the world 
from the time he was ten years of age. lie 
worked for farmers near home until he was 
thirteen years of age ; then, having a desire to 
better his condition, he left home and went to 
Ohio and from thence to Indiana, where he soon 
found an opportunity to learn upholstering. 
In three years after learning his trade he re- 
turned to Elderton, Armstrong county. Pa., and 
after a brief stay there went to Cleartleld, Pa. 
He made his home at the latter place for about 
five years, after which he traveled from place to 
place doing special work for several years. 
While at Clearfield he was united in marriage 
with Bertie L. Smith, who was born in 181)2, 
and is a daughter of John J. and Martha (Heed) 
Smith. Mr. Smith is a retired farmer and lum- 
berman of Clearfield. Mr. and Mrs. Pierce 
have one child, a son named Thomas V. Pierce, 
who was boin April 18, 18S1. 

E. C. Pierce is a self-made man, his father 
having died when he was about three years old; 
and ho, in order to obtain an education, was 
obli"ed to study in the evenings while he worked 
in day time. b'ive years ago, May, 188r), ho 
came to this county, located at Greensburg 
and engaged at his trade. He has been ijuite 
successful, es|Kci;i!ly <luring the past two years. 
In 1883 he bcg;iu awning and tent making at 
Pliillip.sburL', I'a.. :ind now makes that his ex- 
ebisive lMisiiic-<s, eiuploying a nuudier of men to 
enable him to fill his numerous orders. Mr. 
Pierce is identified with the Methodist Episco- 
pal church and is a teacher in the Sunday 
school. He is a republican in politics, active in 
his party, though by no means a bigoted partisan. 
lie is full of energy, a good business man and 
an excellent citizen. 


Greensburg, is one of the most successful 
and popular young physicians of the 
county. He was born December 1, 1860, in 
West Salem township, Mercer county. Pa., and 
is a son of George W. and Elizabeth (Nelson) 
Porter. Ilis grandfather, Luke Porter, a native 
of eastern Pennsylvania, settled in Mercer 
county about seventy years ago, shortly after the 
second war with Great Britain ; he was by oc- 
cupation a miller and general speculator, and in 
political belief adhered to the Jacksonian prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party. His father was 
Samuel Porter, a native of Wales, who emigrated 
to the United States, locating in the eastern 
part of the State. George W. Porter was born 
in 1834 in Mercer county, on the farm he now 
occupies. On this old homestead he has spent 
almost three-score years, devoting his time to the 
pursuits of agriculture in which, owing to a 
careful study of the scientific principles applying 
thereto, and to industry and wise management, 
he has been very successful. He was married 
to Elizabeth Nelson, a native of Mercer county 



and a (luij^litor of James Nelson, wlio served in 
tlie war of 181 "2, and they had seven sons, of 
wlioni six are living: l)r. (JiilVord C, .James L. 
(in Kansas), Vincent, A'ietor Weleli, l?ion Wood, 
and Curtis Lee. 

\)v. Clillbrd C. Porter received liis eihieation 
in tlio Iligli school of CfreenviUe, I'a., and at 
Thiel college, located at the same ]jlace. After 
completing his literary education he engaged for 
six years in the drug business with John V. 
Stevenson, of Greensburg. Having decided to 
become a disciple of Esculapius, lie in 1884 en- 
tered the office of Dr. J. L. Crawford as a stu- 
dent of medicine, and after four years of assidu- 
ous study entered Jefferson Medical college, at 
Philadelphia, from which popular institution he 
graduated in the spring of 1888. Immediately 
thereafter he opened an office at Greensburg for 
the jiractice of his profession. Dr. Porter being 
attentive to his patients, courteous and obliging 
to all, and remarkably successful in his treat- 
ment of diseases, has already succeeded in 
building up a large and remunerative practice. 
Possessing a noble ambition, an excellent char- 
acter, a high degee of skill and energy, and a 
manly spirit and pluck that rises superior to 
every obstacle in liis way, and being full of life 
and vigor. Dr. Porter is rapidly rising in the 
social and professional world, and bids fair to 
become a distinguished member of the medical 
profession. '• There is a tide in the atlairs of 
men, which, taken i^t the flood, leails on to for- 
tune," and ill his affairs Dr. Porter seems to 
have taken the tide at the projter time and to 
be on the highway to fame and fortune. In 
politics he adheres to the principles of Jeilerson 
and Jackson, is aggressive and diligent in the 
service of his party. 

rYDNEY J. POTTS, one of the young, 
determined and hard-working members of 
(•) the AVestmoreland county bar, was born 
at Greensburg, ^Vestmoreland county. Pa., June 

10, 180"), and is the oldest son of George L. 
and ileliecca J. (Stewart) Potts. His great- 
grandfather, .lohii l'(/tts, was a soldier in the 
Uevolutionaiy war, Mtthd in \Vestmorelaiid 
county about the year ITlMj ami was a farmer Ijy 
occu])ation. His wife was Christina Portzer. 
Gabriel Potts (grandfather) was a native of Penn 
township, where lie engaged in farming and 
stock-raising. He married Catherine llimmel, 
by whom lie had seven children. (Jne of his 
sons was George L. Potts (father), who was born 
in Penn township. G. L. Potts is a jjlacksuiith, 
an industrious man and a republican from prin- 
ciple, lie married Rebecca J. Stewart, daughter 
of William II. Stewart, of Braddock, Pa. To 
tlieir union Avere born five sons : Sydney J., D. 
Reamer, G. Reuben, William J. and James. 

Sydney J. Potts was educated at the Greens- 
burg public schools and at the Greensburg semi- 
nary. During 1885 he was registered as a law 
student in the oflice of Hugh W. Walkinshaw, 
and on February 2, 188'J, was admitteil to the 
Westmoreland county bar. Mr. Potts while 
studying law realized the importance of being 
acquainted with the practical workings of all 
legal proceedings in the courts, and accordingly 
devoted some of his time to clerking in the reg- 
ister and recorder's otFice and in the clerk's 
oflice. He is iiuw engagetl as deputy prothon- 
otary, to familiarize himself with the legal pro- 
ceedings that pass through that office. The 
practical knowledge that he will thus ac(iuire 
will be very valuable to him and beneficial to 
his clients when he enters upon the active prac- 
tice of his profession. He is a republican and 
is one of the young ami promising lawyers of 

.EORGE W. PROPST. Of those few of 

our fellow citizens who have been prumi- 

'i* iieiit business men of both the " sunny 

South " and the "busy North " is George W. 

I'robst, a leading harness and saddle manufact- 


urer of Westmoreland county. He is a son of 
John and llebecca (Smith) I'robst, and was born 
at Greensburg, Westmorehmd county, Pa., Au- 
gust 5, 1833. Jolm Probst Ava.s of (ierniun 
descent, born near Mount Joy, Lancaster county. 
Pa., about 1831, and removed to Pittsburg, 
where he remained a few months. About 1832 
he came to Grecn.sburg and engaged in liotel 
keeping. In 1834 he went to Adamsburg and 
kept a liotcl until lS3(i, when he retiiined to 
Greensburg, wiinc he dieil in I8(il. He was a 
niendier of the Lutheran church and a war 
democrat. On June 18, 1812, he united in 
marriage with Itebecca Smith, daughter of John 
and Cordelia Suiitli. They had eleven chil- 
dren, of whom the subject of this sketch is the 
ninth. John Probst's father, Andrew Probst, 
was of German descent and was born and reared 
in Lancaster county. Pa. His wife was of 
Scotch-Irish descent. 

George W. Probst attended tlie schools of 
Greensburg until seventeen years of age, when 
Le became a stage driver and drove for three 
years on the pike from Greensburg to Pittsburg. 
At twenty years of age he repaired to Pittsburg 
to learn the trade uf harni'SS and saddlery. He 
became an apprentice with li. \V. Markay on 
Wood street, but completed his trade with .lohu 
Neely on the same street. His first employ- 
ment for himself was at the United States 
arsenal building, where he worked fm- a few 
months at the time uf the Crimean war in 
Europe. From I'itlsburg he went to New 
Castle, ]'a., reiuaiued a short time and re- 
moved to Youngstown, Ohio. After a year's 
residence in the " Buckeye State," although en- 
joying a good patronage, he resolved upon estab- 
lishing himself in business at his native town, 
and accordingly returned to Greensburg about 
1855. He obtained the position of manager and 
foreman of C. II. Stark's harness and saddlery 
shop. This position he filled efficiently and 
satisfactorily until 18G2. In that year he en- 
gaged in business for himself and has continued 

to operate a harness and saddlery establishment 
in Greensburg ever since, except two years that 
lie was foreman in a haiue-s manufactoiy in 
Macon, (ieorgia. His present saddlery and 
harness manufacturing establishment in Gix-ens- 
burg is at No. 9 East Pittsburg street. Mr. 
Probst gives personal attention to every depart- 
ment of his business. He employs from live to 
six hands ami turns out first-class work, some 
of which goes to many points outside of W est- 
moreland county. He has harness and sad- 
dlery hardware, trunks, satchels, a largi' stock 
of harness, saildles, collars, bridles, wiiips aod 
all horse equipments that are commonly found 
in any leading city. His specialties are the 
making and laying of carpets and trunk and 
satchel repairing. No work is allowed to leave 
without critical examination, while repairing of 
every description receives prompt and careful 
attention. Thus, by good and fair dealing he 
has made his establishment the favorite source 
of supply for an extensive section of country 
around the county seat. 

On December 24, 1856, JNIr. Probst married 
Sarah J. Little, daughter of James Little, of 
i'ittsbiirg. To tlioir union have been born 
eleven children: Willie J., born February 21, 
1857, died ^Lirch 8, 18(n ; George, born Feb- 
ruary 21, 18GU, died March 23,1803; Anna 
E., born November 22, 1802, died January 20, 
l.Sli'J; Charles L., born March 12, I8li4, work- 
ing with his father; Ennua C.., born July 13, 
l8Gti; Robert E., born September !•, 1809, 
working with his father; ^lay H., born Novem- 
ber 23, 1871, died July 17, 1872; Harry L., 
born December 25, 1872, at school; AUie K., 
born December 27, 1874, died Septem'jer 3, 
1S78; Arthur, born February 4, 1^77, and 
Geoige M., born JMay 31, 187'J. 

G. W. Probst was raised a democrat, cast his 
first vote for Gov. Pollock in 1854 an(l two 
years later became a republican. Mr. Probst 
lias ahvays been prominent in secret society cir- 
cles. He joined Greensburg Lodge, No. 50, 

i l>ayjiji 


I. (). O. F., on Fol)ninry 8, ISSG, nnd afterwards 
l)cciiine u cliailiT iiu'iiiIht of Wo.-itinoroliiinl 
liod^c. No. StO. lie is a iiifiiiljcT of (jirooiis- 
burg Lodn;e, No. 484, K. of 1'., I'lcasant Coun- 
cil, No. 53, Given.sburg Council, No. 44, lloyal 
Arcanum, No. 53, Home Circle, Protection Coun- 
cil, No. 11, Chosen Friends and lied Cross Castle, 
No. 146, A. 0. K. of M. C. He has served as 
D. D. G. M. in the I. 0. 0. F., D. D. G C. in 
the K. of P. and D. G. II. in the 11. A., besides 
representing all of his lodges in the State grand 
bodies to which they belong. Mr. Probst is a 
member of the Evangelical Lutheran church 
and a man of fine business qualifications, of 
persistent energy and one who stands deservedly 
high as a citizen of the county. 

A. RANKIN, chief clerk in the protho- 
notary's olfice of Westmoreland county 
\S) and an intelligent young man of good 
education and business ability, was born in 
Elizabeth township, Allegheny county, Pa., 
May 8, 1857, and is a son of John and Eliza 
J. (Kelley) Rankin. His paternal grandparents, 
Robert and ^Margaret (Culbert) Rankin, were 
natives of the '' Emerald Isle." They emigra- 
ted to the United States and reared a family of 
nine children, all of whom were born in Ireland 
e.xcept William, the youngest child. John Ran- 
kin (father) was born October 22, 1821, in 
county Derry, Ireland, and at sixteen years of 
age came to the United States with his parents. 
He settled in Elizabeth township, Allegheny 
county. Pa., where he engaged in farming. In 
18lj6 he removed to Westmoreland county and 
purchased his present farm in Rostraver town- 
ship. He is a member of the West Newton 
Presbyterian church, organized in 1851, was 
fiiruierly a ruling elder of Rehoboth and Round 
Hill Presbyterian churches, and is always inter- 
c.-;teil in whatever promotes the welfare of his 
church and the true interests of Christianity. 
He is a republican, has held almost every town- 

ship ollicc, anil is at present township auditor, 
which (jllice lie has held for the last nine 

Jlr. Rankin married Eliza Jane Kelley, 
daughter of Samuel Kelley, of Elizabeth town- 
ship, Allegheny county. Pa., by whom he had 
nine children, of whom three sons and five 
daughters are living. Mrs. Rankin was a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church and passed away 
in March, 1871t. 

R. A. Rankin was reared on a farm, received 
his early education in the common schools of his 
native township, and in September, 1875, en- 
tered Joft'erson academy at Cannonsburg, Wash- 
ington county. Pa., Rev. Wm. Ewing, Ph. D., 
then being principal. In early life he learned 
those great truths, that there is no royal way to 
success and that honest toil of hand and brain is 
the surest roail to success. Treasuring up these 
important lessons he chose a life vocation and 
resolved not to be unsuccessful so far as earnest 
and continued effort could avoid failure. So in 
1879 he commenced the study of medicine, but 
after si. if months of close application and careful 
reading, he was compelled to abandon the pro- 
fession of his choice on account of impaired 
health. He returned home to recruit his broken 
healtii and engaged in farming for nine years. 
January 7, 188'J, he was appointed chief clerk 
in the prothonotary's oflice at Greensburg, and 
has served creditably in that position ever since. 

On June 20, 1889, he was united in marriage 
to Belle M. Finley, daughter of Thomas (jt. Fin- 
ley, of Rostraver township, this county, and a 
greatgranddaugliter of Rev. James Finley, D.D., 
one of the pioneer ministers of western Penn- 
sylvania and the founder of Rehoboth and 
Round Hill churches. 

In politics R. A. Rankin is an active republi- 
can and has held the offices of assessor and tax 
collector in Rostraver township, this county. 
He is a member of Webster Lodge, No. 70, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, and Greens- 
burg Conclave of the Improved Order of He]ita- 


soplis. Mr. Rankin liaa faitlifully dovotcil liia 
time and attention to the many duties of liis 
resjjonsible position. lie is efficient and wull- 
liked as a jniblic official, and is a nicndjcr and 
trustee of llolioboth I'resliytcrian cluncli, one nl' 
the oldest Presbyterian churches west of tlic 
Allegheny mountains. 

■OENNETT RASK, one of the leading 
llf^tj merchant tailors of Greensburg, was 
born in the Province of Kn'sdnngtad, 
Sweden, at the town of Orkeitcd, March 21, 
184G. His father, Pengt. Rask, a native of the 
same country, was born in 1813, served in the 
regular army of Sweden and was a corporal in 
a company of cavalry. Ilis wife was Nilla Nich- 
olson, by whom he had five children, two sons 
and three daughters. Matteson Rask (grand- 
father) was a farmer by occupation. 

Bennett Rask was educated in the public 
schools of his native town ; in the same place he 
learned his trade of cutting and tailoring and 
followed it there for six years. In June, 1867, 
he immigrated to xVmerica, came direct to Greens- 
burg, and for about four years was in the employ 
of Nelson Graff. In 1871 he opened in busi- 
ness for himself and has prospered from the 
start. In the last four or five years he has flir 
surpassed his expectations, employs on an aver- 
age fifteen tailors in the various departments 
of bis business ; he enjoys the full confidence of 
his many fusloiucrs, and is recognized as one of 
the leading tailors of this section of Pennsyl- 
vania. He is a republican, a member of the 
Second Reformed church of Greensburg, of the 
Royal Arcanum and A. O. U. W. lie was 
niariied August 8, 1871, to llhoda Traugh, a 
daughter of Henry Traugh, of Mt. Pleasant 
township. To their union have been born seven 
children, of whom five are living: Henry 
Pierson, born July 3, 1872; Oscar Carl, No- 
vendier 2!i, 18s;;; l);,i>y P,., April 20, 1S7'>; 
David .Alldnsdii, Scptcuibrr 22, 1S78. :ind 

Alfred Bennett, September 14, 1887. The two 
deceased were Jenny Mary and Rhoda Arsina. 

ANIKL UMAMKU, an old an.l highly 
[£J respected resident of Greensburg, was 
born on his father's farm two miles south 
of Greensburg, November 15, 1815, and is a 
son of Jacob Reamer. The Reamer fiimily is of 
German origin and has always been noted for its 
industry and thrift. Henry Reamer (grand- 
father) came from Berks county and settled at 
an early day in Westmoreland county. lie 
married and had three children: Jacob, John, 
who went to Ohio, and a daughter. Henry 
Reamer lived to an advanced age and died about 
1856. He had one brother who remained in 
the East, and among whose descendants are the 
Reamers of Pittsburg, who are engaged in the 
candy manufacturing business. Jacob Reamer 
(father) was born and reared in Westmoreland 
county, where he followed farming and operated 
a distillery. lie was a democrat and a member 
of the Reformed church. He was twice married ; 
his first wife was a native of this county, by 
whom he had seven children, of wdiom the 
youngest is the subject of this sketch. His 
second wife was Sallie Kemp, who bore three 
sons and three daughters, all of whom are living. 
Daniel was only nine days old when his 
mother died. He attended school in the old 
school house; his teacher was Governor Geary's 
fiither, who was a fine teacher and good discip- 
linarian. At sixteen years of age, after com- 
pleting the " Western Calculator " arithmetic at 
school he left home and learned the trade of 
tanning with Lewis Ilarrold. He followed tan- 
ning and farming for many years. He spent 
nine years at Mt. Pleasant, and in 1850 came 
to Greensburg where he followed butchering in 
connection with his tanning business for some 
time. In 1885 Mr. Reamer retired from active 
business. He diflV'rs from bis i'aiuily in politics; 
they are all dcumcrals while he lias ahsavs been 

lilOaiiA I'lIlKS OF 

a republican. In 1887 lie amis clcctiMl (liiLctor 
of the jinor ;iii(l in ISS'.I «;is re-elocteil. He is 
a iiiciiilier (if the United ]!retliren eJiiii'eli. 

In JSlfi, lie UKirrieil Lavina l''isli(.T, ciaiii^liter 
of Jaecili Kislier of Ml. I'leasanl, by whom he 
liiiil one .scin, .laeob, wliu .seiveil in the eleventh 
Pa. Vols., and is now engaged in the nil bii.iiness 
in Franklin county, I'a. Mrs. Keamer died, 
and on June 25, 1850, Mr." Reamer uiiited in 
marriage with Mary Crooks, daughter of Samuel 
Crooks. By the second marriage he has four 
children: Herman, a dentist of Pittsburg, I'a.; 
Daniel Jr., an attorney at law of Toledo, (Jhio ; 
Katura, wife of Franklin Welty, a carpet mer- 
chant of Allegheny city ; and William I>., a 
fine sketch artist and a law .student with Atehin- 
son k Peoples. 

•jp COVODE EEED, a prominent young re- 
puldiean leader of Westmoreland county, 
and a grandson of one of Pennsylvania's 
most celebrated Congressmen, is a son of James 
M. and Anna(Covode) Heed, and was born at 
No. 228 Twelfth street, in the city of Philadel- 
phia, Deceudjer 31, 1857. James M. Ueed 
(father) was born in Neville, Cumberland county, 
Pa., in October, 1818. lie removed to Lock- 
port, Wc-ftmoreland county. Pa., where he en- 
gaged in the nieroantiie business. In 1855 he 
married Anna Covode, daughter of lion. John 
Covode (see his sketch). To their union were 
liorn live children, three sons and two daughters, 
all living. Mr. Reed is a j)roniinent reimblican 
and in 1884 was nonjinated by his party and 
elected treasurer of Westmoreland county. He 
served acceptably as a county official, is an up- 
right citizen and a ruling elder in the Presby- 
terian church at Fairfield. 

J. Covode Reed was educated in the common 
schools of Westmoreland county, Fairfield acad- 
emy, Philadelphia public schools and Chambers- 
burg academy. liCaving school, he became a 
storekeeper and railroad agent at Loekport, 

where he served very faithfully and acceptably 
until 1884. In that year he assumed charge of 
the county's treasurer's olfice for his father and 
conducted it carel'iilly and satisfactoi'ily during 
the entire lei in. 1 lis unswerving rejiiil/licanisiii, 
his collect Imsiness methods and aljility to or- 
ganize and manage large or extended business 
interests led to his selection as present chairman 
of the republican county committee of West- 
moreland county. Since his election to this 
important position lie has given largely of his 
time and attention to the management of the re- 
publican forces in the last political campaign. 

•fOIIN RIAL, prothonotary of Westmore- 

Jland county, a wounded veteran of the late 
great civil war and a courteous gentleman, 
was born in Perry township, Lawrence county, 
Ohio, June 10, 1842, and is the only son of 
John and Mary A. (Zook) Rial. John Rial is 
of Scotch-German descent. His paternal great- 
grandfather, David Rial, came from Scotland 
and settled in New Jersey, where lie died Au- 
gust 1, 1780. One of his sons was Isaac Rial, 
who was born in Somerset county. New Jersey, 
about 17(>5. He served in the Revolutionary 
war, married Ann Devore, of French descent, 
and died in Lawrence county, Ohio, March, 
18;57. He was the father of John Rial, Sr., 
who was born (Jctober Gth, 1807, in Somerset 
county. New Jersey, and removed to near Mon- 
ongahela city, Washington county, Pa., in 
1818. In 1835 he married Ann Zook, daugh- 
ter of Solomon Zook, a resident of Washington 
county, but a native of eastern Pennsylvania. 
They were the parents of four children : Mary, 
who married Robert D. Clark, of Philadeljihia ; 
Catherine, wife of Joseph Miller, of Van Wert 
county, Ohio ; Elizabeth married H. C. Cloud, 
of iMissouri, and John Rial, Sr. died in 1847, 
and his wife, Mary A. Rial, died in Reynolds 
county. Mo., August 4, 1884. 

John Rial at eight years of age, by the death 


of liis father, was tlirowu upon his own rosoui-ces. 
He lived witli an family liy the name 
of Cole until he was eighteen years of age and 
was sent hy them to the comniun seliool, where 
he olitaineda jjlain but praetieal educiilion. On 
June 1, 1!S(I1, at IMount Vernon, Ohio, he en- 
listed in tiie fourth reg., Ohio A'ols., as a 
member of Co. li., eonnnanded by Cajit. II. B. 
Banning, who afterwards became a jiroininent 
member of Congress from Oiiio. Mr. Itial 
served three years in the Anny of the rotoniiic. 
He \\as under lUirnside at Frederieksbiirg, 
Hooker at Chancellorsville, Meade at Gettys- 
burg, and marched and fought through the 
" Wilderness " down to Cold Harbor, wherein 
the thickest of the fight he was struck by a ball 
in the right knee. His wound was of so serious 
a character as to require amputation, and of 
such a nature that very few have ever recovered 
who were thus wounded. He fortunately re- 
covered, but remained in the hospital until July 
5, 18G5. On account of wounds remaining 
unhealed, he was mustered out of the service 
June 21, 1MG4. Leaving the hospital, lie went 
to I'liihidelphiu and learned telegraphy. Ou 
November 4, 1SG7, he was appointed manager 
of the Western Union olliee at West Newton, 
which position he filled very creditably for twenty 
years. In 1>>88 he was nominated by the Ke- 
publiean party for prothonotary of W'estmore- 
land county. He I'eceived a plurality vote of 
five hundred and seventy-three on nomination 
and was iderted bv a majority of three hundred 
and hfly-six \otes. lie ludk eiiarge of the 
prothonotafy's olliee on January 7, ISS'J, and 
has been successfully engaged ever since in 
the discharge of the many and imj)ortant 

Ou October "22, 1874, he was united in mar- 
riage to Lizzie M. Smith, daughter of William 
T. Smith, of West Newton. To their union 
have been born five children, four sons and one 
daughter : William S., born July 14, 187ti ; 
David W., June 12, 1880; Mary A., April ?,, 

1882; George A., November .",, 1884, and 
James II., June 24, 18S7. 

I'olitically Mr. Rial is a republican, whose ad- 
herenceto the principles of the l{e]iubli(an party 
dates back to his boyhood years. As a [trivate 
citizen of the county he was always an active 
worker in his party ; as a public odicial he has 
conducted the business of his office in a straight- 
forward and satisfactory manner to all ])arties. 
John Rial is a Tnember of Joe Markle Post, No. 
;J7, (irand Army of the Republic, West New- 
ton Council, No. ;>21. Royal Arcanum, and En- 
campment, No. ;"), L'nion Veteran Legion. He 
is an active member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church and a member of its board of stewards. 

TOIIN C. ROBINSON, a member of the 

d Westmoreland county bar in successful 
practice, was born in Hempfield township, 
Westmoreland county. Pa., December 17, 
1859, and is a son of Jacob R. and Catherine 
(Stouffer) Robinson. George Robinson (grand- 
father) was born in 1788. He was a whi'T 
and republican in pnlitics, engaged in farming 
and store-keeijing, was a Methodist in religious 
views and a leader in the work of the Methodist 
Ejiiscoi)al church. His wife was Susanna 
Brinker, and their family consisted of eight 
children. Jacob R. (father) is a native of 
Hempfield township; he was born in 1S.32, 
reared on a farm, attended the limited schools 
of his boyhood days, and w;is engaged in farm- 
ing for a livelihoi>d. He is a republican, has 
never sought any olliee but takes a deep inter- 
est in the success of his party, and has served 
several times as a member of the republican 
county connnittee. In 1854 he was married to 
Catherine Stouller, daughter of John StoulTer. 
She died in 18(J'J and left seven children. In 
1879 Mr. Robinson married Josephine Wor- 
cester, by whom he has one child. 

John C. Robinson received his early educa- 
tion in the connuon schools of his native town- 



ship. He attended the Indiiuia Normal sdiool 
for one term, afterwards the State Normal 
school at California, Washington county, I'a., 
and after five terms tiiere he was graduated in 
tlie chiss (if IS^'J. lie siib,sen\iently returned 
and tiiuk u course in tlie scientific de]iartnient 
of the same college. After teaching seven 
terms in the- common schools of Ilempfield 
township he entered the profession of law. lie 
registered as a student at law in February, 
1885, with L. W. Doty, lately elected judge 
of the Tenth judicial district. Mr. Robinson 
was admitted to the Westmoreland county bar 
December 17, 1887. In January, 18S8, he 
opened a law office in Greensburg, where he has 
continued successfully in the practice of his pro- 
fession until the present time. lie is an active 
republican, always interested in political aftairs 
and served as secretary of the republican county 
committee in 1886, 1887 and 1S88. Mr. 
Robinson is a genial gentieman and promising 

'O:\IER S. SEMBOWER, one of Greens- 
burg's leading and substantial tin and 
liardware merchants, is a son of William 
II. and Jennie (Junk) Sembowcr, and was born 
in Fayette county, Ohio, January 10, 180-. 
AVilliam II. Sembower is a native of Fayette 
county. Pa., where he has spent the greater por- 
tion of his life and has been engaged at his trade 
of carpenter. He is a son of Adam Seudiower, 
was born August lu, ISJ'J, and married for his 
first wife Sarah Minor, by whom he had two 
children. She died, and he was married to 
Jennie Junk, daughter of Thomas Junk, of the 
same county. To the second union were born 
ten children, of whom two are dead. He en- 
listed in Co. K, llGth reg., I'a. Vols., served for 
eighteen months and was engaged in several 
severe battles, in one of which he was slightly 
wounded. For the last si.xteen years he has 
been foreman of Laughead, Modisette k Co.'s 

planing mill and wood-working factory, which 
is one of the largest and most imitortant of the 
manufacturing establishments of Uniontown, 
Pa. He is a leading member of ami has held 
all the local offices in tiie Metliodist Episcopal 
ciiurcli of the above named place. In politics 
he was a republican until a few years ago, when 
he enrolled in the ranks of the Prohibition 
party, in which he is rather active to-day. 

Homer S. Sembower attended the public 
schools of Uniontown, Pa., and learned the 
trade of tinner at that pla'.'e witii I. W. Miller. 
He has fuilowed tinning as his regular business 
ever since starting out in life for himself. In 
1885 he removed to Greensburg, where three 
years later he formed a co-partnership with 
John Keefer in the tin and hardware businei.s. 
They carry a large and varied assortment of tin, 
sheet-iron and copper ware, stoves, ranges and 
house furnishing goods, and make a specialty of 
roofing and spouting. Mr. Sembower is a 
republican and takes a rather active part in be- 
half of the interest of that party. He is a 
ineinbt}r of Greensburg Council, No. 44, Royal 
Arcanum, and the Y. M. C. A. He is a good 
workman in his line of business and an earnest 
member of the Methodist Ejjiscopal church. 

On May 'I'i, 1888, Mr. Sembower united in 
marriage with Anna S. Artcr, youngest daugh- 
ter of Dr. Daniel A. Arter, of Greensburg. 
One month after marriage the spirit of his 
young bride left its tcnOment of clay and passed 
from time into eternity. 

Q^AMUEL W. SlIAW, a member of the 
rgj board of commissioners of Westmoreland 
'^ county, Pa., was born in Salem township, 
same county, September 8, 1852, and is a son of 
Samuel and Rebecca J. (McQuaid) Shaw. The 
Shaw family is one of the oldest in the county, 
the great-great-grandparents of Samuel W. Shaw 
having emigrated in 1702 from Daujihin county 
to what was then called the "back woods," 



where they settled within two miles of old Ilan- 
nastown, which afterward hecanie the county 
seat and an historic spot, thougii at that time 
comparatively unknown, containing even ten 
years later not more than a dozen log eahins 
roofed wilh elaphoaids, very few heing iikho 
than one-story in height. Moses Shaw (gi-eat- 
great-grandfather) was a pack-saddle maker, and 
made all the pack-saddles used hy Gen. Anthony 
Wayne when he went west to fight the Indians. 
He married Margaret Patterson, a native of 
Lancaster county, and they had five children : 
David, Sarah, Margaret, Alexander and John. 
John Shaw (great-grandfather) was married to 
Sarah Shaw (a cousin) who bore him two chil- 
dren : Samuel and Martha. . These children had 
a half-sister, named Jane Spear, who died Sep- 
tember 2, 1888, in her eighty-sixth year. 
Samuel Shaw (grandfather) was born July 11, 
1784, and died June 30, 1851. He was mar- 
ried on Wednesday, February 27, 1811, to 
Mary Caldwell, a native of Franklin county, 
born June G, 178S, and died January 2^, 
1834. llev. Samuel Porter, first minister of 
" Old Congruity " officiating. They had seven 
children : Eliza, who married James Steel, Oc- 
tober 27, 183t3, and died May 4, 1878 ; Xancy 
Johnston ; John, born April G, 181G, died 
August 8, 1885; Samuel; Mary Harvey, who 
died December 2.''), 1838; Josiah C., who mar- 
ried Martha, youngest daughter of Jacob Tosh, 
of Ligonier Valley, May 26, 1875, and who is 
the second oldest teacher in Westmoreland 
county, having taught forty-six years, ami 
Alexander Sterrit, married to Eliza, a daughter 
of Alexander Shaw, of Washington township. 
Samuel Shaw (father) was born in Salem town- 
ship, April 2"J, 181'J, and he died March 10, 
1889. By occupation he was a teamster and 
farmer, and also owned a coal-bank from which 
he delivered coal throughout his neighborhood. 
For a number of years he kept a hotel in Salem, 
and in addition he dealt considerably in horses. 
In politics he was an " ohl line whig," but on 

the formation of the Republican party became a 
member of that organization. Mr. Shaw was an 
excellent citizen, industrious and energetic, but 
too good-hearted to accumulate much wealth. 
He was married June 22, 1H13, to Uebeeca 
Jane, u daughter of Daniel Mc(.^iaid, and they 
had six children : Daniel M., Mary I., Samuel 
W., Rebecca J., Margaret E., and Kate E. All 
are living except Rebecca, who died February 2, 
1877. Samuel Shaw died September 12, lb73, 
and his widow is living on the old homestead in 
Salem townshi]). On the maternal side the 
ancestors originally belonged to Ireland, but 
afterward crossed to Scotland, whence they immi- 
grated to America, locating in Westmoreland 
county, Pa., where they were among the first 
settlers. Daniel McQuaide (grandfather) resided 
in Salem township, and married Isabella, a 
daughter of Thomas Kirkwood. 

This family of Shaws has been identified 
with the history of Westmoreland county ever 
since it was formed. i\Ioses Shaw was in the 
fort during the battle of Ilannastown, and the 
remains of both him and his wife lie buried in 
the old graveyard at that place. Their two 
sons, Alexander and David, were among the 
bravest defenders of the place and escaped with 
their lives, though the destruction of Ilannas- 
town was complete. On the day this town was 
burned. July 13, 1782, Martha, grandmother of 
Samuel Shaw, Sr., was riding toward the fort 
for her life, when she met a neighbor who begged 
for her horse to go for help. The old lady gave 
him the animal, walked to the fort and escaped 
the tomahawk of the Indians ; but the neighbor 
rode oft' to the Sewickley settlement out of dan- 
ger and did not return for two weeks. Mar- 
garet Shaw, a sister of David Shaw, one of 
the heroes of the " Ilannastown war," was in 
the fort on the day of the battle, and under 
the random fire kept up by the savages ran 
to rescue a child from danger, when a bullet 
from an Indian rille struck her in the breast, 
jiiercing her left lung. For fourteen days she 

luoauArniES of 

Hilll'crcd iiul'ilil ;iii;4iiiiy lu'l'oio ilculli came lu 
lior relit'l'. 

Siiniuel W. Slunv was educated in tlie public 
schools luid Now Saloiu acadciiiy and entered 
till' proCcssidii of Icaeliiii;;;. Mr liiii;.'lil .-^even 
tenii^i in S;ileni lioiouf^'li, purt of the time as 
|iiiMri|i;il, serving' one yi^ar as principal ol' Salcni 
aeadrniy. llavin;^ tauj^lit seventeen terms in 
Westmoreland county, Mr. Shaw entered the 
political arena, and in 1887 was nominated by 
the Republican party for commissioner, receiving 
2,474 votes and having a majority of 774. At 
the general election he received 7,7iS(i votes, 
Avhile the next highest republican candidate on 
the county ticket had but 7,58^3 votes, and the 
leading candidate on the republican State ticket 
polled only 7,IJ46 votes in Westmoreland county. 
lie is an aftable gentleman and makes an excel- 
lent official, lie was married October 17, 188'J, 
to Winnie M., a daughter of George 11. Young, 
of Salem township. 

(<lf^RANK SHEARER is one of the enter- 
"|lr prising business men and the leading 
butcher of Greensburg. lie is a native 
of Europe's mountain-walled republic — Switzer- 
land, He is a son of Victor and Lizzie (Alle- 
niaii) Shearer and was born in Rasle, canton of 
Rasle, Switzerland, May 11, 1830. Victor 
Shearer was a prosperous baker of Basle. He 
was a devoted member of the Catholic church, 
always strict in the discharge of his religimis 
duties and never allowed a press of business or 
call of pleasure to interfere. He married Lizzie 
Allenian, a native of an adjoining province. 
They had six children, of whom four .are living. 
Frank Shearer was raised in Basle, one of the 
capitals of his native canton and now a city of 
G1,000 inhabitants. Ho served an apprentice- 
shij) of nearly three years with a leailing butcher 
of Basle, His tuition was his services and 
several hundred francs. He has papers and 
rccouunendutions that certify to his being a 

skilled and graduate biitiher of Switzerland. 
Seeking for a ci'ani|ied (iuld of labor than 
that afforded by Europe at that time, he sailed 
for the United States and landed in New Yoik 
on June 7, IS,';;!. Ili; Hnon ciuiK: west lo I'itts- 
burg wheru ho lemained a lew days, and then 
rejiaired to (Jroonsburg where his brother .losoidi, 
a line architect an<l a good mechanic, was en- 
gaged in business. After his arrival at the latter 
place he was iinmediatoly employed by a Mr. 
Reamer for whom he worked several months. 
Leaving Mr. Roauier, he engaged in the butcher- 
ing business for himself and has since been en- 
gaged in that business. In IStj:] he went to 
Oil city, Venango county, I'a., where ho on- 
gaged in the butchering business and slauglitered 
on an average of sixty head of cattle per week 
for four years. In 18t>7 he sold out his Oil City 
butchering establishment and realized a hand- 
some profit on his original investment in the 
buildings ; he also received a large sum of 
money to allow the purchasers to use his name 
and sign for a few months. Since 1867 Mr. 
Shearer has given his attention to the supervision 
of his extensive and lucrative butchering busi- 
ness at Greensburg, and is justly entitled to the 
liberal patronage ho receives. 

Ho was married June it, 1854, to Mary Smith, 
daughter of Jacob Smith, a wealthy German 
farmer of Hempiield township, and a native of 
Lancaster county. Mr. and Mrs. Shearer had 
five children, four sons and one daughter. Two 
of the sons, Edward and John, are living, 
married and are successful business men. They 
are engaged with their father in business. The 
daughter, Anna, was a nun, a " Sister Evange- 
list," and died several years ago in Omaha, Ne- 
braska. Mrs. Shearer died in 1873, and Mr. 
Shearer was re-married on June 11, 1874, to 
Mary jMcDermott, daughter of Patrick McDer- 
niott, who is a railroad contractor. By his 
second nuirriage he has four children, two sons 
and two daughters : Roderick i\Iack, attendintr 
school ; Victor, }*Iary and Constance M. 


Frank Shciucv, iisiiU; from liis reguhir busi- 
ness, liiis invosti'il largely and prufaaljly in real 
estate, lie u\Nns two large and well improved 
fariiis and one hundred and tliiily valuable lots. 
He is a democrat from principle and a strict 
memlier of the Roman (Jatholic church. Jle 
has a good education which he received under 
the thorough school system of Switzerland, lie 
is as active as many a man at forty, and enjoys 
the best of health on account of never indulging 
in the excesses of American living. Frank 
Shearer is a man of tine personal appearance, 
[jrominent in liis town, well known in the county 
and lias ac<|uired considerable wealth by his 
thrift, honesty and economy. 

•t' AMES A. SHIELDS, a leading hardware 
"'l merchant of (.ireensburg and a descendant 
(*y of one of the early pioneer families of West- 
moreland county, was born in Salem township, 
Westmoreland county, Pa., jMarch 10, 1M47, 
and is a son of James IM. and Elizabeth (?*Iore- 
lieid) Shields. James A. Shields is fourth in 
line of descent from Capt. John Shields, a pio- 
neer settler and Revolutionary soldier. Capt. 
Shields came from Adams county in 1700 to 
Westmoreland county and in 17GU settled near 
the site of Is'ew Alexandria, where he purchased 
a large tract of land. " He was a tall, muscular 
man, well (juallicd to endure the hardships inci- 
dent to the time and place in which he lived." 
He commanded a conqiany in the Revolutionary 
war and was a brave and trusted soldier who 
served from ^'alley Forge to York town. About 
177-1 a small fort was built on an eminence near 
his house. In honor of him it was named 
Shields' block-house and was intended as a pro- 
tection against Indian attacks. Cajit. John 
Shields was a blacksmith, a justice of tlie peace 
and an elder in Congriiity Presbyterian church ; 
died November 3, 1821, aged eighty-two years 
and was buried in Congruity cemetery. He 
was one of the five commissioners appointed in 

1785 to purchase a court-house and jail site for 
Westmoreland county. One of his sons was 
James Shields (grandfather), a I'armer and pres- 
byterian. James marrii'il Isabella McKee, of 
near (Miambersburg, Pa. 'J'iicy were the parents 
of James M. and Matthew Shields. James M. 
Shields was born November ti, 1808 and died 
September KJ, 188'J. He was a farmer by oc- 
cupation, a tanner by trade and very successful 
in all his business undertakings. He was one of 
the founders of New Alexandria Presbyterian 
church, of which he was an elder from the time 
of its establishment until his death. In politics 
he was a democrat but was no partisan. He 
served as school director of Salem township, and 
as justice of the peace never encouraged litiga- 
tion. Of e.xcellent judgement and conservative 
views, he was a man who always commanded re- 
spect. In 1840 lie married Elizabeth Moorehead, 
a daughter of Judge Samuel Moorehead, of 
Blairsville, I'a. Mrs. Shields was born August 
30, 1817, and is now in the seventy-third year of 
her age. 

James A. Shields was educated in the common 
schools of Salem township and New Alexandria 
academy. His first employment was clerking 
in the store of John M. Stuart at New Alexan- 
dria. In the winter of 1871-72 he was gradu- 
ated from Huff's Pusiness college at Pittsburj^. 
From 1872 until 1877 he was bookkeeper for 
Tuiney Bros. In 1877 he became a member of 
the firm of Shields & IMechling, dealers in hard- 
ware, stoves, tin-roofing, buggies and agricultural 

On September 7, 1876, he married Sue S. 
'Welty, daughter of Daniel Welty. They have 
four children, two sons and two daughters : Eliza- 
beth M., Emily D., Wallace M. and James E. 

James A. Shields has erected and now occupies 
on Second street, just below South Main street 
and opposite the Zimmerman house, one of the 
finest business buildings of Greensburg. It is 
an imposing three-story brick building, 4.")x72 
feet in extent ; equipped witli an elevator and 


iii()(ji!AfJin:s OF 

Jill luoilcni iiiiiirovrmmls and coiivciiicnct's. lie 
i.s a iiH'iiiliLT iincl cl'lri- u\' tlu' I'lcsliytniaii 
chiu'cli. As ;iTi filler liu is foui'tli in lineal snc- 
cfssiim (jf his raiiiily tlial has lifld that ullicc. J. 
A. Shichls is orSciiUh-liish I'roshytt'rian stoi'k 
anil has inherited the siieeuss-winning (|ualities 
of that iron-willed and energetic raee. lie i.s a. 
man of eluiracter and standing and in every way 
■ivorthy of the success that has crowned his ef- 

'f AME8 C. SHIELDS, a thorough scholar 
t' and efficient teacher and [jrincipal of 
(2/ Greensburg's High school, was born (near 
New Alexandria) in Salem township, West- 
morehuul county, Pa., .May 1.'], LSGli, and is a 
son of Matthew and Frances (Sloan) Shields. 
James C. Shields is a descendant of a Scotch- 
Irish family. His great-gran<lfalher, Captain 
John Shields, was in the forefront of the first 
tide of pioneer emigration into southwestern 
rcnnsylvaiiia, after the fall of Fort Du Quesne. 
I'ajiers and patents of his for land in what is 
now AVestuioi'cland county are still in the hands 
of his descendants. Capt. Shields cast in his 
fortunes with the American colonies in 1775, 
raised a company and served 'aider Washington 
from Valley Forge until the close of the lievo- 
lutionary struggle. He was a prominent man 
in his day and was for years a ruling elder in 
ohl Congruity Presliyterian church. His son, 
James Shields, was a farmer, a demnerat, an 
elder in the Presbyterian church, ami siTvcd 
one terni as eouiuy commissioner of W'estniore- 
land county. His wife was a ?tliss MeKee, by 
■whom he had six children. Matthew Shields 
(father) was lioiii in 1S17, in Salem township, 
where he always has been and is now engaged 
in farming. He is an ardent tlcmoerat. In 
IHfu he was the democratic candidate for ollice 
but was defeated by the " Know-Nothing " party. 
In 1858 he ran for the same office and was 
elected and also re-elected in 1S5',I. He mar- 
ried l''ranei's Shiau, dau;ihler i>l' I)a\id Shian. 

Matthew Shields has une child deail and six 
chihhen living: James ('., .^Iatthew 11., a 
jioultry raiser ; .John Hurst, Lydia, Helen L., 
and Frank Sloan. 

James C. Shiehls attended the eummon 
schools, prepared for college at New Alexandria 
academy, entereil in lfS7'.t the sophonK^re class 
of AVashinglon ami Jell'ersun college, and was 
graduated in 1M82 from that famous seat of 
learning fourth in a class of forty. After pass- 
ing out fr(jiu the walls of his aluia mater he 
was not actively cngageil in any Ijusiiiess for 
about one year. In 1881 he was engaged to 
teach in New Alexandria academy, but the fid- 
lowing year severed his connection with tliat 
institution to accept a more desirable situation 
in the Greeiisburg High school. Three years of 
faithful and eilicient work at Greensburg se- 
cured for him the jirincipalsliip of the High 
school, to which he was elected in 1888. His 
services as principal were of such satisfactory 
character and attended with such gratifying re- 
sults that he was re-elected as principal in 188!'. 
To the wide range of knowledge and thorough 
culture of a collegiate course James C. Shields 
has added practical observation and the valuable 
exiierience of successful teaching. He is a fine 
scholar and a thorouiih gentleman. 

OBKKT W. SINGER, who has been for 
over forty years in public life, is a popu- 
lar citizen of \Veslmiireland county and 
a prominent Scottish Kite Degree ^lason of 
Pennsylvania. He was born in Donegal (jiow 
Cook) township, Westmoreland county. Pa., 
November '2S, 181'J, and is a son cd' Samuel and 
Jane (Matthews) Singer. Samuel Singer's 
father emigrated at an early day from (Jeriiiany 
to Carlisle, Pa., and sub.seipiently came to 
Greensburg, where he afterwards died. Samuel 
Singer was born at Carlisle, Pa., removed in 
early lite with his father to tueeiisburg, and served 
in the war of IS!:.' under tieii. Harrison. He 



was a iiiciiiIk'I- of Mnjor John 15. Ak'xiiiHlcr'n 
company, wliicli went IVoui Westmoreland coiuitv. 
At tlio close of llie war lie retiii-ueil licinie- ami 
married Jane, dau^liter (/f .lolm .Maltlicws, cjf 
l)oMe;^al townsliip, this county, hy whom he luul 
nine chihhen, of whom eij^ht are living. He 
(lied in 1S7-j. He was a (juiet, unpretentious 
man, who was upright and honorable and iiail 
many friends tiiroughout the county. He .-ind 
liis wife were active and exemjd.iry memln-rs of 
the I'nitcd Presbyterian eliureh. In political 
ull'airs Mr. dinger was an old line whig initil 
185G, when he became a republican. 

Ilobert W. Singer attended the cnmmon 
schools and remained on a faini until he was 
eighteen years of age. He then learned llie 
trade of blacksmitii, at which he w Diked fur 
seventeen years, and during this jieriod C(Ui- 
ducted a store. His shop and store were at 
Jones' Mills, where he served as justice of the 
peace. In 1858 he Was a candidate on the 
democratic ticket for clerk of the courts of West- 
moreland county, and was elected. His ser- 
vices as clerk were so well appreciated by the 
public and his own party that he was re-elected 
in 1861 and served until 1864, when he was 
elected justice of the peace at Greensburg. He 
served in this capacity until 1874, when he was 
taken up by his ]iarty and eleeteil prollionotary of 
the county. At the expiration of his term he 
acted as clerk for his successors. In 18S-4 lie 
was appointed steward of the county home and 
served until April 1, 18vSl!, when he resigned to 
accept the position of storekeeper and ganger in 
the United States revenue service, to which he 
had been appointed at the instance of the late 
Hon. C. E. Boyle. His term of service cx]iired 
i)cceHd>er 30, 188!). 

Robert W. Singer united in marriuge with 
Eleanor Warren, daughter of Albert Warren, 
an iron manufacturer of Westmoreland county. 
To their union have been born two sons and four 
daughters : Elizabeth, who married James S. 
Morehcad, a prominent lawyer of Greensburg; 

William M., who is a merchant; Or. James, a 
leading physician at Connellsville, I'a. ; Laura 
K., Henrietta, and one dead. 

iJobcrt W. Singer is a man of in(iucnce in 
the Democratic p.'irty, and was always a warm 
friend and zealous supporter «[' the late Judge 
Boyle of Fayette county, I'a. Mr. Singer is 
popular and well liked throughout the county, 
and has served with honor and credit in the 
nuuiy positions of trust and responsibility wliieli 
he has held. He is an active member of I'hilan- 
throi)y I,oilge, No. 'J'J'j, A. Y. .M., and has passed 
through chapter and commamlery up to member- 
ship in the 'HA degree of the Ancient and Ac- 
cejited Scottish Rite. 

■!>C LIVER R. SNVDER, a rising young 
^ J member of the Westmoreland bar, was 
born December 'JU, 1858, in Hempfiekl 
township, Westmoreland county. Pa., and is a 
son of Lebbeus and Maria (Baughman) Snyder. 
His grandfather, Daniel Snyder, was a native 
of Northumberland county, Pa., but when quite 
young was brought by his parents to this county 
and settled in Penn township. He was married 
to Elizabeth Rowe, whose parents were amono- 
the very early settlers of "old Westmoreland." 
Lebbeus Snyder (father) was born in 1832, 
in Penn townshiji, and died April 4, 1888. 
He was an active democrat, served as director 
of the poor from 1871 to 1874, and as county 
auditor from 1881 to 1SS7. Nearly all his 
life he was a consistent and useful member of 
the Reformed church. In his boyhood he 
learned the trade of brickmaking, which he fol- 
lowed for some time, and then taught school 
until he engaged in the mercantile business at 
Rouquet, I'enn township, where he continued in 
that line some eight years, achieving success in 
his business. Mr. Snyder was an upright, 
honorable gentleman and highly esteemed by all 
who knew him. He was nmrrieii to Maria, a 
daughter of Lewis Baughman, of Penn township,. 


:niil In tln'ii' iiuidii well) linni Iwd cliililicii : 
lia ('. all, I (MivcT I!. Iia C. Suvln, lliu 
yiiiiii:;cl' Iu'dIIht, Mi linw atU'liilili;^ .scliiiol ;it 
Fiaukliii ami M:u>liall collego, w lie re lie is a 
iucihIkt i)t' the class of IH'J-J. 

Oliver JJ. Siiyilcr rocuiveil his [jrejiaratory eil- 
ueatiuli at New Salem ueadeniy ainl .siibsei[Ueully 
filtered Franklin and MarsliuU cullege, Lancas- 
ter, I'a., from which institution he was graiUiated 
in the class of 1882. The following winter lie 
was engaged in teaching at Salem; in 1883 he 
registered as a law student with Moreliead k 
Head, and was admitted to the har of ^Vestmore- 
land county in ISSo. Mr. Snyder was ap- 
pointed a notary puljlic liy (Jov. rattisoii in 
l(88(j. Jle is a member of the Ancient Order uf 
United Workmen and has been financier of his 
local lodge for three years. He is secretary of 
the Pomona or county grange of AVestmoreland 
county. He is an intelligent, honorable gentle- 
man, reliable in business, affable in society, of 
unblemished character and is assiduous in his 
attention to the duties of his profession. 

Oliver R. Snyder was uniied in marriage 
February 8, 1888, with Miss Iluldali Cort, a 
daughter of Rev. Lucien Cort, a minister of the 
Reformed church, who was for many years prin- 
cipal of the (.irceiisburg seminary. Mr. Snyder 
is an iiMs^verving democrat, and has been .secre- 
tary of the democratic eoiiiity eoiiimiltee fur a 
number of years. He and his wile are iiieniliers 
of the Second Refirmed church of Gieeiisburg. 

•f RAII Sl'IEGEL. One who early in 
"'l" the battle of life thrown upon his own re- 
(y sources and wlio has by remarkable energy 
and unconquerable will achieved success and 
won his way to prominence is J. Ran Spiegel, a 
member of the Westmoreland county bar, who 
is well known for his. ability, his learning and 
his integrity. He is a son of ^Villiam and 
Christina (Uau) Spiegid, and \\as born near 
Stuttgart, Germany, August 27, \^\1. His 

parents emigrated to this eounti'v in 18r)2 and 

sellled ill I'lasI JliiMliligdon lowiisliip, whi.'ro 
they have resided ever since, 'i'lic father, Will- 
iam Spiegel, is a descendant of Frederick S|iie- 
gel, a (Jcrman orientalist and professor of ori- 
ental languages for many years at I'lrlageii, and 
has a brother who is a colonel in the (iennaa 
army. A custom to this day observed in Ger- 
many is that the youngest of seven brothers, 
each serving si.x years in the army, receives the 
king's dollar from the hands of the reigning 
monarch, and William Spiegel is one of the few 
recipients of this compliment money from the 
hands of King William. It is an honor which 
he jirizes very highly, (y'hristina (Rau) Sjdegel, 
the mother, is from one of the best German 
families and is a descendant Njf Karl Ileinrich 
Rau, a German political economist and jirofessor 
of political economy and financial science for 
almost forty years at Heidelberg college. 

J. Rau Spiegel was reared in East Hunting- 
don township. At seven years of age he at- 
tended the Mennonite, now Stonersville, school, 
taught by Ex-County Superintendent Sillinian, 
and the ne.xt year became a pupil in the Pool 
school, of which he was elected assistant teacher 
at fourteen years of age by the township board 
of school directors, and served in that capacity 
for two terms. At si.xteeii years of age he 
taught tile ( laiil scIkmjI. He next taught at New 
Stanton, then three successive terms at HiUsiile 
and one term at Louck's, now Scottdale. He 
educated himself by means obtained by teaching 
in the common schools. He almost completed 
the course of Westmoreland college, but was in- 
duced by Dr. Gaut to finish his course at Mount 
Union college, Ohio, from which institution he 
was graduated July 27, 1871. Mr. Speigel re- 
ceived the first prize for passing the best exam- 
ination in differential and integral calculus. He 
served as principal of Mount Pleasant schools, 
Titusvillc Scddiers' Orphan school, Wilcox High 
schoid and ^Viconisco and Greensburg public 
schools. In 1878 Mr. Spiegel was elected super- 

WKSTMOHKL. 1 .Y/> CO I '.\T V. 


intendeiit of comiiion schools of Westmoreland 
county, und was re-elected to the same position 
in-lHHl. His adiiiiiiistratidii was reiiiiiikaiily 
Huecessfiil and al Ids i.-<iiint_v iiislitiitL'S Ik; al- 
forded tiu' |ic(i|ilc (if llie cdiiiity iiii (i|i|i(irliiiiily 
to hear the leading talent of the nation. Among 
the famous orators whom he hrought to deliver 
lectures were Uev. Henry Ward IJeecher, John 
B. Gough, T. DeWitt Talmage, Theodore 1'il- 
ton and Daniel Dougherty. A spell of sickness 
prevented Wendell I'hdlips, the greatest orator 
of his day, from lecturing at Grcensburg ac- 
cording to contract with Superintendent Spiegel. 

On December 19, 187(3, Mr. Spiegel united 
in marriage with E. Jennie Thomas, of Wilkes- 
barre. Pa. Mr. and Mrs. Spiegel are the jia- 
rents of three eliildren: Jay, Don anil Lulu, 
who are aged twelve, nine and nine years re- 

From teaching, Mr. Spiegel turned his atten- 
tion to the profession of the law, and after com- 
pleting the necessary course of legal reading he 
was admitted to the Westmoreland county bar 
in November, 1887. Immediately after admis- 
sion he opened a law office at Greensburg, where 
he has been in active practice ever since. 

II. STARK, an experienced and succcss- 
fid carriage builder, ex-burgess of Greens- 
burg and the prujirietor of the eU'gant 
business bloek kuowu as tln' Stark budding, 
was born on AVest tXterman street, Greensburg, 
AVestmoreland county. Pa., September 5, 1830, 
and is a son of John Adam and Charlotte (Ilol- 
ser) Stark. 

John Stark was born in AVittenberg, Ger- 
many, lie received his education in Germany, 
where he learned the trade of wagonmaker, and 
then emigrated to western Pennsylvania. lie 
soon became a resident of Greensburg and was 
engaged, on account of his superior workman- 
ship, in the construction of the first stage 
coaches which were manufactured west of the 

Allegheny mountains. After tiie era of stage 
coaches he coniUK'nced liuilding the well remem- 
bered (dd " i)earlM,rM WagdU." It wa,^ sup- 
pbcd with UdiidcN springs, uliich he siniii 
ic|ibiccd with she! springs and iron axles (if iiis 
own hand-made manufacture. Many of tiie old 
wagonmakers of the country learned their trade 
with him while engaged in the Dearb(jrn wagon 
business, which he afterwarels sold to the subject 
of this sketch. After fifty years of active work 
at his trade he retired from business. lie was 
a democrat from princijile, but apart from busi- 
ness gave most of his time to the cause of the 
Lutheran church, of which he had been a mem- 
ber and olficer for over fifty years before his 
death, lie married Charlotte llulser, whose 
fiither was an ollieer in the Revolutionary war 
and whose widow drew a pension for many 
years. The Ilolsers were a sturdy and honest 
race, who ranked among the most intluential 
citizens of York county. Pa. Mr. and Mrs. 
Stark were the ))areuts of eleven children, of 
I whom two are living, George and C. II. 

C. II. Stark was reared at Greensburg, where 
he was educated in the common schools and 
Gi'eensburg academy. At thirteen years of age 
he was sent east and spent two years in learning 
the trade of silver-plating, as used on the car- 
riages of that day. He then returned home, 
learned the trade of earriage builder and en- 
gageil in that busiiwss with his father until the 
latter retired from the firm. C. H. Stark then 
conducteil the business u]ion a large scale, em- 
ploying from thirty to thirty-five men. His 
carriages were in demand in many different sec- 
tions until the war closed his factory. He was 
them appointed by the United States govern- 
ment as wagon inspector at Pittsburg, and 
served satisfactorily as such until the close of 
the war. In 18li5 he resumed the manufacture 
of carriages and conducted a prosperous business 
until 187'J. Since then he has given consider- 
able attention to the material prosperity of 
Greensburg. ]Mr. Stark has just completed the 




crcclinii (if oiu' (if the finest liiick Inisiiii'ss 
blocks (if the tdwii. It is tlireo stories lii^'li 
ami KiO fcL't front. 

lie iiiuiiied Liivina Ann I5;irnl[;iit, dauglitcr 
of .Joliii and sister of \V. U. llarniiart (sue 
sketch of latter). 

Politically ho is a democrat, and has served 
as burgess and school director, but vould never 
allow his niune to be used as a candidate for any 
county olllee. lie is a member of the Second 
Lutheran cluircli of Grecnsbiir''. 

t:^ENRY F. STARK, one of the progres- 
I^JI sive young business men of Greensburg, 
(*) and a leading contractor and builder of 
AVestinoreland county, was born near Barnhart's 
mill, Ileinplield township, AV^estmoreland county, 
Pa., August n, 1857, and is a son of John F. 
and Sybbilla (Thomas) Stark, both residents of 
Westmoreland county. His grandfather was 
Gotlieb Stark, who came from Germany to the 
United States when (juite a young man. He 
Avas a good wagon maker and carriage builder, 
which trade he pursued very profitably for many 
years. He was twice married and bad but two 
children, John F. being a son of his first wife. 
John F. Stark was born in Groensburg, I'a., 
February 4, 1828. He learned his father's 
trade, liut having more taste for chemistrj' and 
inventions than his trade, he, after years of har(l i 
labor and study, lurneil his attention to cheniistry i 
in which he soon became (|uilo jiroficienl. 1 1 is 
forte is invention and he has been kno\Mi nearly 
all his life as an inventor of for more than local 
note. He invented a carriage paint some years 
ago which is said to lu' one of the most diiralde 
and finest paints that is in the market. He has 
perfected several labor-saving inventions. His 
latest invention is a device to detect ciisily and 
instantly any gas leakage from gas pipes. ]\lr. 
Stark is a republican, a member of the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran church, and devotes his time 
princi])ally to chemistry. On January 27, LSTj^, 

lie was ma I lied to Sybbilla 'i'liomaa, dauglitcr 
of John and (!atliaiine (Weaver) 'J'liomaH, by 
whom he had two children : 11. F. and Cyrus N. 
H. F. Stark was reared in his native town- 
ship, educated in the c(;mni(jn schools, and left 
the parental roof to learn telegraphy at Con- 
nellsville, Pa. He was a close, hard-working 
student, soon learned the art and was made 
operator at the last named place. His services 
were of such a character that in 1880 he was pro- 
moted to be freight and ticket agent and train 
dispatcher at Uniontown, and served acceptably 
in these positions for nearly three years. In 
1883 he tendei'ed his resignation to the Penn- 
sylvania railroad company, but his resignation 
was not accepted until H'jbert Pitcairn had 
asked him to remain and he declined to do so. 
Leaving Uniontown he became a member of the 
firm of" Stark Pro's," general contractors and 
builders. They engaged actively in all kinds of 
pipe line work and mtisonry, and soon were 
thronged with applications from different parts 
of Westmoreland and bordering counties. They 
also made a specialty of opening tmd developing 
coal lands and received considerable work in that 
line of contracting. They widened out their busi- 
ness to its ]iresent ]n-o]iortions by receiving bids 
for railroad and coke-oven work, and received 
their full shar(; of patronage in that important 
industiy. They are among the largest contrac- 
tdi-s in the county. In l.S,S'.» they contracted 
for a great glass plant at Jcannctte and built 
the same, for which they received .'i*2"i((,i)00. 

October 13, 1881, Henry F. Stark was mar- 
ried to Martha J. Pollock, of Ligonier. They 
have two children : Mary Edna, born June 
'_', l.s«4, and Frank Pollock, July iit, I8.s7. 
Mrs. Stark's father was Thomas (J. Pollock, a 
relative of e.x-governor Pollock, and w as an elder 
in the United Presbyterian church for over 
twenty-five years. Mr. Pollock was a son of 
John Pollock and a grandson of .lames and 
Mary (Herron) Pollock, wIkj were pioneer set- 
tlers of Ligonier Valley in 17tJ7. In politics 



lie is ;i rL'imliliciiii, Imt not for j^'ain or odicc. lie 
is a iiifiuliei- ul' (ircfiisbiug Council, No. 44, 
Koyai Airaiiiiiri aTid (JrcHMishiirg (^iiiclavc, No. 
174, liulciHinlnit Order of llei)taso]>lis. Mr. 
iSlark is a lui'iiiln^r and secretary of the board of 
trustees of the I'resbyteriau church. In Sunday 
school Work he is very active. He is assistant 
superintendcntof the Presbyterian Sunday school 
of Grceiisburg, and by liis own labor bus achieved 
success in life. 

'MOS STECK, a leading business man 
of Greensburg and a great grandson of 
ilic loundcr of Lutheranisni in Westmore- 
land county, was bora at Greensburg, West- 
moreland County, I'a., jMay 2, 1851, and is a 
son of Caleb A. and Margaret S. (Bauglinian) 
Sleek. 'I'jie Sleeks are of German descent and 
are of a sturdy, moral and substantial race. 
The |irogenitor of the family in western Penn.syl- 
vania, Uev. John M. Steck (great-grandfather), 
who was born at Germantown, l*a., October 5, 
IToG. Studied theology under the direction of 
Dr. llelmuth and served the Lutheran Congrega- 
tional Chambersburg until 1784, and a number of 
congregations in Bedford and Somerset counties, 
and came to Greensburg in 1702 to preach, but 
was not licensed here until 17UG. His death 
occurred July 14, IS^U. His remains were 
buried in the old German graveyard, Greens- 
burg, Pa. He founded two feeble Lutheran or- 
ganizations at Harrold's and l?rush creek, which 
he built up into strong churches. In 180'J he 
also organized the first Lutheran church of 
Greensburg and the one at Manor. He also 
organized St. James, Hankey ; St. Johns, 
Swopes Kidge, and Youngstown churches and 
established a number of stations. For a quar- 
ter of a century be was the oidy settled Lutheran 
minister in the county and supplied the above 
churches : Washington, Allegheny, Armstrong, 
liutlcr, Mercer and Crawford counties ami sta- 
tions. He was appointed bishop of AVestmore- 

laiid and eiglit other counties west of the Alle- 
glienies. His was a wiile field of usefulness in 
whiidi he was largely instniiiirnlal in advancing 
the intcicsn ol' I 'hristianily and establishing 
Lutheianism. IL; was eicrlcil the Senior in the 
Ohio Synod in 1822. He edited the Lutheran 
Catechism, published in (Jrcensburg in 1817. 
He was respected, honored and revered by all 
who knew him. His son, Hev. Michael J. 
Steck (grandfather), one of the founders of the 
Pittsburg synod and its first president, was born 
at Greensburg, ^Liy 1, 1703. He received a 
liberal education, was licensed to preach, served 
several of his fatlier's remote congregations and 
accepted a call at Lancaster, Ohio, where he 
served for fourteen years with wonderful success. 
In 1820 at his father's reipiest he returned to 
assi.-'t him at (Srccusliurg. Two years later 
upon the death ol' his fithcr, liev. Michael J. 
Steck succeeded him as jiasicir of tlieGrecns- 
I burg charge which then included eleven churches 
and several stations. For eighteen years he 
labored arduously, incessantly and successfully 
in Westmoreland county. During his entire 
ministr}' of thirty-two years he preached over 
eight thousand sermons, baptized five tliousand 
children and received two thousand persons into 
the Lutheran church. About 1847 he at- 
tempted to found a seminary at (ireensburg ; 
(piite a number of students had been secured, 
several professors engaged and the plans and 
S])eeifications for the building made out, when he 
died Se])tember 1,1848. His death alone pre- 
vented its establishment. 

One of Rev. Jlichael J. Steck's biographers 
makes record of him as follows : " He was em- 
inently practical and saw clearly what were the 
true interests of his church. He labored with 
untiring zeal for the introduction of the English 
language into the services of the church, and did 
much for the organization of the English congre- 
gations in Greensburg and vicinity. The ([uali- 
tications of a good preacher and successful j)astor 
he united in a more than ordinary or common 



(logreo. His :ipp(.';u;iiK'c in tlie piilijit wiis pic- 
possessiiig, lii^ I'liiiiiciatioii distinct, his nnmni'i' 
natural, c;ii-nc'st ;ui(l ini|)n'ssiv'L', his style simple 
iind pnu'licMl, liis niiitln- oviinj^cliciil anil iiis 
ap[ic'iiis to the sinner alleetiunate anil eai'nest." 
Jle nnirrieJ (Jathurino Cope, ami unto them 
\Yerc burn eleven children. One of their sons 
■was Caleb A. Steek, -who was born January 13, 
18:20, ill Lancaster county, Ohio. In 18.")0 he 
married Marj^aret S. Baughuian, daufi;hter of 
Daniel Baughman, a hatter, who is still living 
and sister to Wilson Baughman, of Greensburg. 
They had two sons and two daughters: Amos, 
Horace Baughman Steck, stock dealer and 
banker in southern Kansas ; Ida, married to 
Paul Gaither, of Greensburg, and Emily F., 
wife of S. C. Weber, of the same place, and now 

Amos Steck was reared at Greensburg, where 
he received his education in the public schools 
and academy. At fourteen years of age he en- 
gaged as a clerk with Wilson Baughman at 
Greensburg, and such was his business ability 
that a few years later he became a partner in 
the book and stationery business with Mr. 
Baughman, now president of the Barclay bank. 
As clerk and partner Mr. Steck was in the 
bookstore for over nine years, and during the 
latter part of that time established his reputa- 
tion as a first class^business man. He continued 
the bookstore business alone for some years. 
lie started in the real estate business in 1879, 
and in 18S4 took into partnership with him U. 
A. Hope. In 18SG he went west on several 
trips with land purchasers, and in 1887 went 
■west on a three months trip to make investments 
in the southern portion of Kansas, along the 
line of Indian territory. He made his head- 
quarters at Arkansas city, where trade being a 
little dull, he also started a Building and Loan 
Association — a new thing then — among the 
members being some cow boys from the terri- 
tory, and such was its success that the Strong- 
Ross Banking company oft'ered him the position 

of assistant cashier, whirli was aix'cpted and its 
duties entered upon. He came iiumi.' to close 
out his partneisliip and return, to find that 
from Continued illness lilial duties rei|ilircil his 
])r(;sencu at iiome. About six montliM after 
his return he dissolved partnership with Mr. 
Hope, and adding the insurance business to 
that of real estate, started alone in the Welty 
corner. ^Ir. Steck is a prominent representa- 
tive of his special line of business and is care- 
ful of the interests of his large and rapidly 
growing patronage, and such is his reputation 
for integrity as well as business ability that 
the Insurance Companies represented by him do 
not require a security, and Messrs. Katte, of 
New York City, who owned about twelve acres 
of valuable land on the west side of Greens- 
burg, known as Katte's Grove, now laid out in 
lots and nearly all sold, he being their e.xclusive 
agent, for an aggregate of over fifty thousand 
dollars, did not require a bond. He is sub- 
stantially identified with the interests of Greens- 
burg and believes in its future progress and 

•j-OIIN BYERS STEEL, a member of the 
^' Westmoreland county bar in active prac- 
tice, is the eldest son of William and Sarah 
Jane (Brown) Steel, and was born February 17, 
18G2, on the •' Ilannastown farm," in Hemp- 
field township, Westmoreland county, I'a., which 
occupies the site of the famous Ilannastown, 
burned by the Indians in 1782. The trans- 
Atlantic progenitor of the present Steel family 
lived in a stone mansion opposite the Presby- 
terian church at Castle Blaney, Ireland, and 
had three sons : John, James and William. 
James, the second son and great-grandfather of 
John B. Steel, was born in 17-11, and with many 
other Dissenters, at the close of the Steel-boy 
insurrection in 1772, left Ireland for America. 
He eventually settled among the hardy pioneers 
of the Sewickley settlement in this county, where 



lie located and bouglit several tracts uf laud i'luiii 
the I'l'lins. lie was married twice, first tu a 
Miss McMasters, by wliom he bad two children : 
Joseph, ol' Franklin tiiwnshii), and ,lanc, uife 
of William Hunter, of Loudonville, Ohio ; and 
second to a Miss Donaldson. Of this latter 
marriage there were issue of three children : 
James, of Oakland Cross Roads ; Jtihn, and 
Elizabeth, wife of Alex. Hamilton, late of 
Geneseo, Illinois. James Steel, Sr., died in 
1823. The second son, John Steel (grandfather), 
was born April 7, 1789, died on his llannastown 
farm May 22, 18UU, and left to his children a 
largo inheritance of real estate and personal 
property. On May Hi, 1813, he mariied his 
cousin, Martha Walker, of West Virginia, near 
Steubenville, Ohio, who bore him nine children : 
Sarah, wife of Henry Byers; Eliza, who mar- 
ried Andrew Muchesney ; James, Joseph ^V., 
John, Margaret, wife of James Steel ; Mary J., 
who married 11. T. Hanna ; Martha, wife of 
Maj. D. Mechling, and William. William Steel 
(father) was born October 31, 1833, and was 
married to Sarah Jane Brown April 3, 18IJ0. 
Mr. Steel has always been identified with the 
farming and stock-raising interests of the county. 
He is one of Westmoreland's pioneers in raising 
short-horn cattle, and is one of the foremost im- 
porters and raisers of purebred draft horses. On 
his maternal side the subject of this sketch is 
seventh in descent from Capt. Matthew Brown, 
who served in Col. Walker's Derry regiment at 
Londonderry and the battle of the Boyne. His 
ancestors were from Scotland, and his grandson, 
Matthew Brown, left county Donegal, Ireland, 
in 1774 for America, where he settled in Green- 
castle, Pa. His children were : David, John, 
Samuel, Andrew, and Mary,- married to ^\m. 
Watt. David was born in 1757, married Mar- 
garet Oliver in 17'J9, and in 1802 removed to 
near New Ale.xandria, this county, where he pur- 
chased the old Brown homestead farm, upon 
which he died in 1841. He left si.x children: 
Thomas 0., David, James, Mary, Elizabeth and 

Margaret. Thomas (Miver Brown (maternal 
grandhither) was bcrn I'Vliniary 15, 1S(J0, ;nid 
on January 12, 1832, marrud Nancy, ilaughter 
of liobert Beatty, a native of near Belfast, Ire- 
land. Of this uidon weie born six children : 
David O., Martha, Margaret, Nancy, Mary and 
Sarah J. 

John Byers Steel was reared at llannastown 
and attended the district school and New Alex- 
andcia academy. He then entered Geneva col- 
lege as a classical student and was graduated 
from that institution of learning May 188r>. 
He read law with Judge Hunter and A. D. Mc- 
Conuell, and on motion of John Armstrong was 
admitted to practice in the several courts of 
Westmoreland county in August, 1888. Imme- 
diately after admission he o[)ened an oilice with 
Hon. Welty McCullough, and in the spring of 
1889 became a partner of Mr. McCullough in the 
firm of McCullough & Steel. This partnership 
lasted until the death of Mr. McCullough, 
August 31, 1889. Since then Mr. Steel has 
remained at the office of tlie late firm and con- 
tinued in the practice of his profession. 

EOIIGE TABLEll, a young, energetic 
and successful harness maker and saddler 

'1^ of Greensburg, was born at Indiana, In- 
diana county, I'a., October 7, l.S(i2, ami 
is the eldest son of Jacob and Catharine (Has- 
singer) Tabler. Jacob Tabler was born in Wit- 
tenberg, Germany, about 1823, and came to 
America more than thirty years ago. He first 
settled in Berks county. Pa., but soon removed 
to Indiana, this State, where he died in 1879. 
He was a stone-cutter by trade, a democrat in 
political opinion and a Catholic in religious be- 
lief. He was successful in his line of business 
and was a peaceable and industrious citizen. He 
was married three times. His last wife was 
Catherine Hassinger, who bore him ten children, 
of whom eight are living. 

George Tabler was reared at Indiana, in 


White tiiwiisliip, Inilianu county, l';i. lie re- 
ceived his eJucatioii in the coinuioii schools and 
Indiana public schools, lie learned the trade of 
harness maker and saddler with (iodfrey Mar- 
shall, of Indiana. lie wiirhcd wilh .Mr. Mar" 
shall at huliana from 1877 to February 1, IfSISI'' 
when they removed to Greensburg and formed a 
partnership under the firm name of Tabler & 
Marshall. Their shop and salesroom is at No. 
l-l East Otterman street. They are manufac' 
turers and dealers in harness, saddles, bridles' 
collars, whips, robes, blankets, and all other 
articles usually found in a first-class harness and 
saddlery estaldishment. They carry a full line 
of horse eijuipnients with a variety of elegant 
road and track harness. They are active and 
enterprising and have built up a business which 
is steadily increasing. 

In jjolitics Mr. Tabler is liberal in view and 
independent in opinion, lie always votes for 
the candidate he deems to be the best man. Mr. 
Tabler has worked hard and won a large 
measure of success, which he well merits. 

fG. THOMPSON, commissioner of West- 
moreland county, a soldier of the late war 
and one of the organizers of the first 
teacher's institute of Pennsylvania, is a son of 
William and Jane Thompson and was born in 
Washington townshi]), \Vestmoreland county, 
Pa., first May day, 1S;5H. 8. Vi. Thompson is 
of pure Scotch lineage. His paternal grand- 
father, Samuel Thompson, and his maternal 
grandfather, William Thompson, were two broth- 
ers \Tho emigrated from Ireland about the same 
time to Westmoreland county, where they settled 
in close proximity on Beaver run in Washington 
township. They were strong, determined men 
who made their mark in life. Firm in their 
convictions on all political .and religious ques- 
tions, they were very free in expressing their 
acceptance of or dissent with men and mcas- 
uix's. They were frugal, enterprising and ener- 

getic, accumulating a large amount of wealth 
and were an honor tn their adopted county. 
William Thompson (father) was born April 10, 
ISOO, and livcil until October fi, 1S,S7. His 
ucciipalion was I'arming. lie was an old-line 
whig and afterwards a republican. He was a 
member from 1827 to 1887 of the Puke Run 
Presbyterian church, where he led the music for 
over twenty years. Inheriting the firmness and 
conscientiousness of his race, he could neither be 
influenced or jjcrsuaded to take any steps that 
was not legitimate, honorable and just. In 1800 
he married Jane Thompson, daughter of his 
uncle William Thompson. They had five sons 
and one daughter. One of the sons, Joseph M., 
Avas killeil at the siege of Yorktown during the 
late war, and the daughter, Lucy Jane, was 
married to James K. Trout. 

S. G. Thompson was raised on his father's 
farm w here he was trained to habits of prudence 
and industry. He was educated in the connnon 
schools and Elder's Kidge academy, where he 
was prepared to enter the junior class in C(]llege. 
Leaving the academy in 18.'")1 he engaged in 
teaching and followed that profession for thirty 
years in Westmoreland, Indiana and Armstrong 
counties. He helped to organize the first teach- 
er's institute in western Pennsylvania, which was 
held by the teachers of Indiana and Westmore- 
land counties at IMairsville, Pa., in 18. )o. He 
advocated the county superintendency long bef ire 
its establishment by the Legislature of the State. 
In 1870 he Avas princijial of the Saltsburg schools 
and served one year. In the same year he was 
elected justice of the peace on the republican 
ticket in Bell township, which containeil two 
hundred democrats and si.\teeu republican voters 
at the time. His popularity as a justice of the 
peace led to his re-election, although a rejiubli- 
can, in the face of an adverse, overwhelming 
democratic majority. He was thus fairly launched 
upon a political "career ere he hardly became 
aware of the fact. In 1^78 he was elected 
county auditor, and nine years later he was 


noiiiiiiatcil anil clocteil to his present position of 
county conmiissioner. IIo has lived on tlie cor- 
ner of AVest Ottenuan and Joo streets, (ireons- 
Ijui';,', for ten years. 

Oil Septeniher 13, 18r)"), lie vas marrieil l>y 
Kev. W. W. Woodward to Joanna Kenly, 
tlaugiiter of ^Villiani Kenly, of Bell township. 

In 1861 S. G. Thompson was among the first 
to enter in the Federal service. He enlisted on 
October 14, 18GG, in Co. F, eleventh reg., Pa. 
Vols., under Col. Richard Coulter, and was at 
Cedar Mountain, Thoroughfare Gap, Second Bull 
Bun, Antietam and Chantilly. lie was promo- 
ted from ])rivate to orderly sergeant and was 
discharged Se])tember 27, 18G2, on account of 
physical disability contracted in the Union service. 
llis life has been one of activity and usefulness. 
He has been a member of the Presbyterian 
church ever since attending school at Elder's 
Bidge academy, and is at present an active 
niend)er of the Green.^burg Presbyterian church. 
Ah justice of the jieaci', county auditor and now 
us county commissioner, his work has been and 
is acceptable and satisfactory to tlie public. 

rZ^ON. JACOB TUBNEY, one of the oldest 
YP members of the bar in Westmoreland 
(S) county, was born in (irrcnsbiug, I'a., 
February 18, 1S2.5, and is a son of Jac^.b and 
Margaret (Singer) Turney. His great-grand- 
father was a native of (ioruiany, emigrated to 
America and settled in t-a--lcriL Peiinsyhaiiia 
jirobably before the middle of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. His name Avas I'orney, but like many 
other names in this county it has undregone a 
change, being now Turney. Daniel Turney 
(grandfather) was born in the province of Penn, 
eastern part, whence several of his brothers 
departed for other homes. One settled in Ohio, 
another in Tennessee. One located in North 
Carolina, and Daniel Turney crossed the Alle- 
ghenics to Wcstiiiorelaiul county, settling near 
tlie silo of "ye ancient" ilannastown, which 

wa.s Grcensljurg's pre<lecess<;r as tb(' county- 
seat. He was a farmer and tlie fallier of 
eight cliildren, one of whom was Jacob Tur- 
ney, Sr., tiic third ehibl, 1/orn in 1788, who 
early in life loeulcd at (jieen^lmrg, and afli.'r- 
wards hehl the ollices of county commissioner, 
county treasurer, etc. He was an active dem- 
ocratic politician, and on his returnfrom a State 
convention at Ilarrisburg, to which he had been 
sent as a delegate, he contracted a cold while 
crossin: the mountains, from the efi'ects of 
which he died some years later, January 4, 
1827. His wife, to whom le was married Jan- 
uary 23, 1810, was Margaret Singer, of Carlisle, 
Pa., who was born ]May 11, 1792, and wlio bore 
him seven children: Daniel, Nancy Williams 
(deceased), Samuel Singer 'i'urney (deceased), 
formerly editor of tljc Argus, and later post- 
master at Greensburg for twelve years, Lucien 
B. (deceased), Lucinda, married to Bicliard B. 
Kenley, Bobcrt Williams, and Jacob Jr. 

Jacob Turney attended the common schools 
and Greensburg academy, meanwhile devoting a 
portion of his time to learning the printer's trade. 
Later he served as dejiuty sheriff and was em- 
ployed as clerk in the register and recorder's 
office; while thus engaged he became a student 
of law witli Hon. A. G. Marchand, who died 
before Mr. Turney had finished his studies, in 
cijiiseijuence of whieli the latter continueil his 
legal studies under Henry C. Marchand, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1849, May term. 
Owing to ability, character, affability anil strict 
attention to business he at once secured a large 
and paying practice. In 1850 he was elected 
district attorney of AVestmoreland county and 
re-elected in 1853, serving in all si.x years. 
Among the noted trials conducted by Mr. Tur- 
ney during this time was the case of Hugh Corri- 
gan, who was convicted of murder in the first de- 
gree and condemned to the gallows for the 
murder of "■ Big Mary," his wife, but who com- 
mitted suicide before the day of execution ar- 
rived. W hen the know-nothing movement swept 


over the county in 18r)5-r)(j, Mr. Turncy, a 
st;incli ilcniocnit, wiis vigorous in his o|)]Hi.sition 
to it, and mounting tlic nistruni, raised his voice 
in denunciation ol" its [irincipU's. In tin; I'.ii- 
clianan campaign lie was uno cif tiio I'rrsidi'nlial 
electors, and iiiisr)? was elected State Senator for 
the district composed of Westmoreland and Fa- 
yette counties. In 1S71 he was prevailed upon 
to accept the complimentary nomination for 
State senate in the hopelessly republican district 
of Westmoreland and Indiana counties, liis op- 
ponent being lion. Harry AVhite, who was elected 
by a reduced majority. In 1S74 -Mr. Turney 
Avas elected to the forty-fourth Congress from 
the twenty-first district, composed of the coun- 
ties of AVestmoreland, Fayette and Greene, and 
two years later was re-electdl, becoming a mem- 
ber of the forty-fifth Congress. While a mem- 
ber of the House of Representatives he served 
on the committees on mines, mining, territories, 
elections and privileges, and various others, and 
acquitted himself with credit. Since leaving 
the halls of National legislation, Mr. Turney 
has been continuously engageil in the practice 
of his profession in which he has acliieved a 
wide and enviable reputaticjii. lie was ofioof the 
most priigressive and substantial citizens of the 
county, a man whose life and character are noble 
monuments that will preserve his memory for 
generations yet to come. 

lion. Jacob Turney was united in marriage 
February 2, 18r)4. with Mary Stuart, a daughter 
of William II. and Henrietta 1». Kichardson, 
of Indiana county, and to them have been born 
eight children: Barton II., died October, 185G ; 
Catharine ]\I., wife of A. L. Kinkead, Esq., of 
New York; Mary Stewart; William 11.; Thomas 
C; Elizabeth F.; Jacob M., and Henrietta M. 

§ FRANKLIN VOGLE, one of the editors 
and proprietors of the Wc&tnuireland 
Democrat, was born May 10, 1S54, in 
Greensburg, Westmoreland county, J'a., and is 

the youngest sdU of Augustus and Mary Ann 
(Winsheimer) Vngle. 1 lis grandfather, Augus- 
tus Vogle, lived and died in Germany, where he 
was in active iniliiary service (or (ifty-six years, 
lidlding the rank (if general ; on bis retirement 
fnmi the army he was signally honored by a 
banijuet given by the King, who also presented 
him with a silver tankard, on which was en- 
graved a befitting inscription, as a token of his 
esteem. Augustus Vogle (father) was born in 
the city of Darmstadt, Germany, in ISlti, and 
was educated in the military institutions of that 
country. Shortly after his graduation he was 
placed in command of the military post at 
Mayence, on the Rhine, a strongly fortified 
station of much imjiortance on the border be- 
tween France and Germany. He held the rank 
of captain and had flattering prospects, but 
owing to some difficulty w ith his superior oflicers, 
and being a firm believer in a republican form 
of government, he resigned his position and came 
to the United States in 1839, being then twenty- 
three years of age. Coming to AVestmoreland 
county almost directly, he engaged in the tanning 
business at Greensburg, and soon invented a 
process which so facilitate.! the art of tanning 
that results formerly re.iuiring nine months 
could be accomplished in one-third of that time. 
His new process was adopted widely throughout 
the country, and the art of tanning was jirac- 
tically revolutionized. He successfully engaged 
in the tanning business until his sudden death, 
which resulted from drinking ice-water while 
heated by work ; he .lied March U, IS.')!). Mr. 
Vogle was a man of literary ability, took all the 
leading magazines and left behind him a number 
of sketches and short poems, some of which 
five evidence of much ability. He was one of 
the founders of Odd Fellowship at Greensburg, 
having organized the first lodge of that place. 
Decided in his convictions, strong and impulsive 
in disposition, upright in character and bright 
in intellect, he was a man whose influence for 
good was felt and whose impress was necessarily 


loft on liis f^fiicrutidii. il('w:\s a tyjiiciil, liliie- 
(•\('(1 (icrUKUi a lirdlMUiin'rcl dcniDiTal, ami lUi 
active iii(_'iiil)L'r of llic Jiiitliuran cliuich. His 
^vi^^• was Mary Auii, a (laii;_'liter ol' Michuul 
Wiiislieiiner, by whom lie liail live chililriTi. 
The Wiiisliciiiiers originally came to this country 
from near Neuremburf;;, Germany, at au early 
duy in the history of this county. 

B. Franklin Vogle, a " worthy son of an illus- 
trious sire," received liis education in the pub- 
lic schools of Greensburg and be;ian life as a 
printer, learning his trade in the ollicc of the 
I'liHornit, edited at that time by Edward J. Keo- 
liaii, a distinguished lawyer anil a noted |iolitician. 
After c<uiijileting his trade he and a company 
of others piu'chased the material of Fraidv 
Cowan's paper and established in September, 
ISTTi, the [>i)iuh-r(uir Tiiiiis, which had an e\- 
islenco of l\^o years, Mr. \'ogle being the real 
and Iv.l. Keenan the api)iirent editor, because 
of the aluu)st continuous sickness <>i' the latter 
during that time. In 1877 Mr. ^^ogle became 
the editor of the Oil Times, owned by James F. 
Campbell and published at Edenburg, Clarion 
county, Pa. A year later he became city editor 
of the Daily Breeze, of Bradford. Pa., ^vhicll 
■was afterwards merged into an established paj)er 
of that place, the Daily Era, of which journal 
he was for three years city and managing eilitor, 
and was at the same time the representative of 
the Associated Press for the northern oil regions. 
During that jieriod Mr. A'ogle was likewise the 
s|iet'ial correspondent at that busy pctrnleum 
centre of sevci'al of the Icailiiig ncwspa]iers of 
New York and Philadel|)hia. Early in ISHli 
Mr. Vogle removed to Pittsburg and was em- 
ployed on the staff of tlie Leader of that city, 
and also did considerable work for several of the 
morning papers at the same time. In Novem- 
ber, 1882, he returned to Greensburg, and in 
company with T. 11. Winsheimer, purchased the 
Westmoreland Democrat, which they have ever 
since edited and publislied. Tlie Democrat is a 
live weekly democratic journal and circulates 

largely among the old families of the county, 
being the scciuid pa]ier foundi'il west of the 
Allegheny mountain.s, having been establisheil 
in 17'.I8. 

B. F. Vogle is an earnest democrat ami an 
able exponent of the principles of his Jiarty ; 
he is at jiresent a member of the State central 
committee. Enterprising, industrious, cultured, 
courteous and intelligent, he is an excellent 
citizen, a most agreeable companion and a com- 
jieteiit editor, publishing u strong and splendid 
paper whose inlluence extends far and wide. 
Mr. A'ogle, having successfully withstood the 
shafts from Cupid's bow, is yet enjoying " single 

I'Gl! W. WALKINSI1.\W, a member 
of tlie Greensburg bar in well-established 
practice, was born near Sallsburg, Indi- 
ana county, Pa., July 27, 1850, and is a son of 
Joseph and Margaret B. (Dougherty) Walkin- 
shaw. Joseidi Walkinshaw (father) was born in 
Bedford county. Pa., in 1803. lie learned the 
trade of shoemaker, removed to Indiana county, 
where he was married to Miss Margaret B., 
daughter of Hugh Dougherty, of Loyalhanna 
township. He was a democrat, and in his foot- 
ste])s, politically, all his sons have followed. In 
religious oj)inion he was a member of the United 
Presbyterian church and held the oilice of jus- 
tice of the ])eace two terms. 

Hugh \\. Walkinshaw received his education 
in till' common schools ami Elder's Kidge acad- 
emy. He entered ui)oii active life as a clerk for 
Stewart & Pierce, who were engaged in the mer- 
cantile business at Saltsburg. He was ne.xt 
employed as a teacher in the common schools 
for three years, and in June, 1871, was regis- 
tered as a law student with Hon. Silas M. Clark, 
now Judge of the Su])reme Court of Pennsylva- 
nia. After his admission to the Indiana county 
bar, June 11, l87t], he was engaged for a short 
time at Brookville, then removed to Saltsburg 


in 1S74, :iuil was active in the practice of liis 
iirnfossiiiii I'di- fi'\ii- years. In February, 1878, 
lie eanie t(i (JreensLurj:, oiicneil a law office and 
has (Miiitiiiiieil t(i |rractiee his iirnle>siim siiceess- 
fiilly ini(il Ihe [ircMiil lime. 

Ou Ni)Veiiibi.T 1, 187;), he was uniteil in niar- 
ria"e tu IMiss Lottie A., daugliter of L. W. 
Kalston, of Howard, Ohio, and sister of Lieut. 
D. C. Ralston, of the Greeley expedition. They 
have three children, Lewis C, born August 24, 
1>S74 ; David R., January 14, 1880, and Myrtle 
H., July 23, 1885. For several years he served 
us school director, is a member of the Knights of 
Honor, Royal Arcanum, Free Masons, a member 
of the Baptist church and is also superintendent 
of the Sabbath school and treasurer of the Bap- 
fist church. He is a strong democrat, and in 
June, 1881, at the Westmoreland county demo- 
cratic primary election he received the second 
highest vote polled for district attorney, having 
been but three years in the county at the time. 
As a lawyer he is attentive and faithful to the 
interests of his clients; as a citizen he is always 
interested in the prosperity of his adopted town 
and county, and as a man he is upright, honest 
and true. 

^ L. WAUGAMAN, D.D.S. Greensburg 

i^w has reason to be proud of her representa- 
(?T lives of the profession of dental surgery, 
and prominent among the number is Z. L. Wau- 
gaman, who is one of the oldest resident dentists 
of WestUKjreland's county seat. lie was born 
on his father's farm in I'eiin township, West- 
moreland comity, I'a., .\ugiisl ;!0, IS 17, and is 
a son oi l'el<T and Mary Ann (Laiitl'er) Wauga- 
man. The Waugamans arc of German descent, 
and the founder of the Pennylvania branch of 
the family came to the United States prior to 
177G. He served as a drunnner in the Conti- 
nental army during the Revolutionary struggle 
of the American colonies for independence. His 
son, Peter Waugaman, Si'., moved to AVestmore- 
land county where he lived and reared a family 

of several children, of wh<;ni one, Peter, was the 
father of Dr. Z. L. Waugaman. Peter Wauga- 
nian was born Decenitier 1'), 1812, and died 
Aiiril T), IHSd. lie \\as an industrious and .suc- 
cessful farmi r, a demociat in politics and a con- 
stant member of and local ullicer of the Gernuin 
Reformed church. On March 23, 18^7, he 
married Mary Ann Lauffer, who was born May 
11, 1820. They had si.K sons and five daughters, 
of whotu three sons and four daughters are living. 

Dr. Z. L. Waugaman was reared on his 
father's farm, and upon attaining the required 
school age was sent to the common schools. He 
completed his education in Harrison city acade- 
my. Leaving that flourishing institution of 
learning at eighteen years of age, he chose a 
profession, and with coumiendable alacrity and 
zeal prepared to enter upon it as his life voca- 
tion. In October, 1805, he became a dental 
student in the office of Dr. E. A. Fislier at 
Greensburg. After one year of study and office 
worf; ho began the practice of dentistry. From 
18GG to 1881 he was in constant, active and 
successful practice. During the latter year he 
attended and was graduated from the Pennsyl- 
vania college of dental surgery. Since 1881 
Dr. Waugaman has continued actively in his 
profession and is constantly increasing his large 
and remunerative patronage. His office is at 
215 North Main street, Greensburg. It is well 
fitted up and amply provided with all the mod- 
ern conveniences necessary to his business or 
required to produce skilled and perfect work. 

On April 2, 1882, he was married to Julia 
Rhey (nee Dorn), widow of J. \\. Rhcy, of 

Dr. Waugaman has been engaged in dentistry 
for nearly a quarter of a century, and has wit- 
nessed during that time the wonderful advance 
of dental surgery from comparative obscurity 
to a prominent position among the professions of 
the land. He has been a close student, and in 
his line of business has always kept abreast of 
the times and tho progress of the age. He is a 


memlier of Westinoroliirul Lodge, No. 840, In- 
(Icpeiuk'nt (.)i(liT of 0(1(1 Fellows ainl I'liiliiii- 
tlirojiy Loilm!, No. '2'2f), A. V. M. In politics 
1k' yicMs liis support to the Ociiiociatiu party and 
its leading measures. Dr. AVuu;^aiiian is tall 
and ])ortly, of line personal appearance and is 
in tliu very prime ot matured manhood. He is 
one of Greensburg's respected citizens and is a 
member of the Evangelical Lutheran church. 

B. ^VEAVEll, an old resident and a 
good tradesman of Westmoreland county, 
Avas born near " Weaver's Old Stand," in 
Ilempfield township Westmoreland county, 
Pennsylvania, August 21, 1808, and is the 
youngest and only living child of Nicholas 
and Susan (Gongaware) AVeaver. Nicholas 
AVeaver was a sturdy, honest and conscientious 
G(;rman who immigrated when quite young from 
the ■' Fatherland " to Pennsylvania and settled 
in Hemjifield township. lie with his eldest son 
served in the war of 1812. He married Susan 
Goiigaware, by whom he had eight children, five 
sons and three daughters, and died in 1813. His 
wife only survived him about eight years. 

At the age of eight years, U. L. AVeaver after 
liis mother's death went to reside with his oldest 
sister, with whom he renniincd until he wa.s 
apprenticed to .\liraliaui h'rick to learn the 
trade of blacksmith. After completing his ap- 
prenticeship he worked at his trade for many 
years and by careful management and hard labor 
he has ac(piired considerable property. 

On June 5, 1S32, he was married to Jennie, 
daughter of Hugh Daugherty of Saltsburg, 
Indiana county. Pa. They had eight children, 
of whom the following five are living : Susie, 
wife of William IMcGraw, of Connellsville, Pa.; 
Sarah married Jacob Chain ; Martha, wife of 
J. C. Kunts, of Illinois ; Nicholas, a farmer 
near Ghiscow, Mitchell county, Kansas, and 
Margaret, who died July 22, 1880, was married 
to Abram Cosel. Mrs. AVeaver died in 1854. 

In February, 18r)4, Mr. Weaver married Mary 
A. Hen ford, by whom ho has two children : 
Charles S., an atlorney-at-law in (,'liic:ig(i, and 
Ida liello. 

In politics lie was always a democrat until late 
years, when he changed and is now a prohibi- 
tionist. He at one time owned '• Weaver's Old 
Stand," after whom it was named, besides own- 
ing several valuable tracts of land and other de- 
sirable property. He is a membei- and deacon 
of the Regular Baptist church. He has earned 
for himself a comfortable home, and by the death 
of his brother and their children he becomes the 
founder of the Weaver family in the future. 

•^UGUSTUS DRUM WELTY, the pres- 
11 ent efficient postmaster of Greensburg, 
is descended from two of the earlv set- 
tled families of the county. He was born on 
Second street, Greensburg, Westmoreland 
county, Pa., November 21, 1851, and is a son 
of Daniel and Mary Ann (Drum) Welty. His 
jiaternal grandfather, Lewis Welty, was one of 
the early settlers here and reared a family of 
eight children. His wife was Susan Wanna- 

Daniel Welty (father) was born at Greens- 
burg, February 10, 1820, was engaged in dry 
good business for many years, served as post- 
uuister of Greensburg from 1800 to 1809, sup- 
erintended the gas works for a number of years, 
retired from business in 1870 and removed to 
his farm near Greensburg, and died suddenly in 
Pittsburg while in attendance at the annual 
conclave of the Knights Templar on May 3-0, 
1882. He was a Free Mason, a member of the 
Presbyterian church and a republican until 
1868, after which he voted with the democrats. 
He married Mary Ann Drum on December 27, 
1842, and had six children, of whom the follow- 
ing four arc living : Ilettie, wife of F. \ . 15. 
Laird, of Greensburg, one of the editors of the 
Pennsylvania Argus ; Agnes L., Susan S., 

uiuan.M'UiES of 

wife of James A. Shields, hardware merchant, 
and Augustus 1). Mrs. Welty's father, Simun 
])nim, was also one of the early settlers, was a 
niercliant and was [lostmaster of Greensburg for 
four years. Having been appoiuliMl by Tlionins 
Jellerson in 1804. His wife was Agnes Lang. 
They raised a family of nine children. One of 
his sons, Simon, Jr., was killed in the Mexican 
war at the city of Me.xico, September 18, 1817 ; 
another, .Vugiistus, was a prominent lawyer of 
western I'ennsylvania and also a member of 
Congress, while a third is the well-known Gen. 
R. C. Drum, of Washington City. 

Augustus D. Welty was reared at Greens- 
burg where he was educated in the public 
schools. His first regular emplo^'iuent was 
clerking in the jiost-oilice, after whieli he was 
engaged in various kinds of business until 1875, 
when he entered the service of the 1*. R. R. 
company as assistant ticket agent at Greens- 
burg, in which capacity he served until 1879, 
when he was appointed agent, holding the latter 
position until January, 1885, when he was ap- 
pointed deputy register and recorder and served 
as such until April 1, 1800, when he was cum- 
missioned postmaster of Greensburg. 

On June 15, 1881, he was married to C!elia 
A., youngest daughter of E. F. and Harriet 
(Patton) Houseman. To their union have been 
born three children, of •whom two are living : 
Augustus 1)., born May 17, 18SG, ami HamiJ- 
ton Houseman, February 2, 1889. Their eldest 
child, iM'aiis Houseman, was born June -tJ, 1884, 
and died October "J, 1884. A. D. Welty is a 
republican, takes an active part in political 
afl'airs, is a member of the Home Circle, a prom- 
inent beneficial order, and is also a member of 
the Presbyterian church at Greensburg. 

TRAM M. WERTZ. In the front rank 
of America's most honored sons stands 
ler world-renowned painters. In that 
illustrious group beside West and Trumbull, 

peerless and unapproachable as historical deline- 
ators are Stuart and Copley, magnificent and 
une.vcelied as portrait painters ; and in western 
I'ennsylvania among those treading in the foot- 
steps of the latter and who has won more than 
local fame is H. IM. Wertz, of Gieensburg. He 
is a son of Robert and Mary (Robb) Wertz and 
was born at Greensburg, Wcstnjoreland county. 
Pa., October 17, 18()l). His paternal grand- 
father, Paul AVeitz, was a native of Germany. 
At one time he owned Bedford Springs, now one 
of America's celebrated watering places and 
was the first to appreciate the medicinal virtues 
of their waters and to bring them to the favor- 
able notice of the American iioople. He owned 
large tracts of lainl in tiie \'ieinity of these 
springs, at which he died. His fathei', Piobert 
AVertz, was born in Bedford county in 18:.'l, 
and removed to near Greensburg in 1845. He 
was a successful farmer of Ilempfield township, 
a republican in political matters and an active 
member of the Methodist Episcoj)al church. On 
October 17, 1844, he was married to Mary l{obb, 
daughter of David Robb, of Bedforil county, Pa. 
They had eleven children, of whom nine are 
living. Mrs. ^Vertzwas born in Bedford county, 
Pa., September 4, 1830, resides at Gieensbui'g 
and is a member of the Methodist Episco]jal 

II. M. Wertz was reared at Greensburg. In 
1879 he removed to Cumberland, the metropolis 
of western Maryland, where he successfully op- 
erated a studio and photogra])h gallery for five 
years. In 1884 he returned to Greensburg and 
ojiened what was known as the Queen city 
photograph gallery on East Otterman street. In 
1888 he formed a partnei'sliip under tlie firm 
name of H. M. AVertz & Co., and removed to 
South ilain street, Greensburg, where they ran 
a large furniture establishment until 1890. Mr. 
Wertz is the only portrait artist and one of the 
leading photographers of Greensburg. At his 
gallery cartes de visite, cabinet, panel and 
liuudiir photographs are made and njcchanical, 


architectural and commercial work is skillfully 
executoil, while portraits from small pictures to 
life-si/.e are made in oil, pastel or other material 
ill the arl hluilid. His photo^ra]ih.s eipial the 
liiiesi wiirk of tlie cities iiiid iiis large palr()iia;^e 
extends far heyund the limits of the county. 

( )ii December S, 1 888, Mr. AV^ertz was married 
to Kditli llardman, daugliter of W. V. Hard- 
man, who is a member of the firm of Thomas W. 
I'hillips ^t Co., the "Oil King" of Pennsyl- 
vania. j\Irs. W'ertz is an accomplished lady and 
tine musician. She is a graduate of tlie Pitts- 
burg Female seminary and Prof. Gitting's cele- 
brated school of music. 

At an early age Hiram M. AVertz gave indi- 
cations of artistic talent, lie is a natural artist 
who has worked in the line of portrait painting 
since boyhood. lie studied one year with Prof. 
Glogger, of Munich Art schools, of IJavaria, 
and made rapid ])rogress in portrait painting. 
His special and distinguishing line of work in 
portrait painting is oil and crayon. A very fine 
specimen of his work as an artist may be seen 
in the home of Dr. Kline, of Greensburg. It 
is a full life-size oil painting of Mrs. Kline 
which has been highly commended by connois- 
seurs of the art. II. M. AVertz belongs to the 
(ierman school of jwrtrait painting. Althougli 
he has not studied liigli art in Italy, yet his art 
training under a natural artist and one of 
Europe's finest teachers of painting has 
thoroughly develo])ed his high order of talent 
for ])(»rtrait jiainting. 

.INCENT E. WILLIAMS. On tiie banks 
of the historic Loyalhanna, near tlie foot 
of the forest-clad Chestnut Ridge, sur- 
rounded by delightful and picturesque scenery, 
nestled, some forty years ago, a small village, 
which had just sprung into existence, and whicli 
lias since grown into tiie largo and important 
borough of Latrolie, AVcstmoreland county, Pa. 
This village was tiie birthplace of Vincent E. 

Williams, whose eye first beheld the light of 
day in 185.3 on the I'^ourth of July, the sevcnty- 
s(tventli anniversary of the liiiiii of Anieiican 
lnde|jend(ni'e. Havicl Wiliiaiiis, his liitlicr, was 
a native of counly Tippnaiy, In-laiid, and was 
born Noveniijcr 4, 1804. He crossed the At- 
lantic in \'6'-)\, landing at (Quebec, wlience lie at 
once came to tiie United States. For many 
years he was a railroad contractor on the Penn- 
sylvania road, and assisted in building railroads 
in nearly every State of the Union. IJeing a 
man of decided views and strong convictions, 
he was unswerving in his fealty to the princi- 
ples of the Democratic party as well as in his 
adherence to the dogmas of the Catholic churcli, 
of which he was a devout member. A public 
sjiirited citizen, he served a number of years as 
councilman of the borough of Latrobe and did 
much to build up and advance the interests of 
his adopted home. The last ten years of his 
life were spent in retirement, and on Ajiril "2.5, 
1883, he departed this life, having lived almost 
a decade past tiie allotted three-score and ten 
years. His wife, Ellen Cummings, who was a 
native of county Waterford, Ireland, died June 
3, 1882, aged sixty-two years. To their union 
were born eight sons and two daughters, of 
whom the daugliters and four sons are living : 
Vincent E. Williams, the fifth son and the eldest 
now living ; Thomas A. AViiliams, a real estate 
agent and banker at Salina, Kansas ; James D. 
Williams; William J. Williams, now in business 
at Pittsburg; Mary, the A\ife of V. Doran, of 
Wilkinsburg, Pa.; and Nellie, the youngest 
sister. P. A.. Williams, an older brother, a 
Soldier in the Civil war, was killed at the battle 
of Fair Oaks; and David F., another brother, 
served two terms in the regular army and is 
now dead. 

Vincent E Williams attended the Latrobe 
high school, St. Michael's sniiinaiv at Pitts- 
burg (.ieorgetown college, D. ('., and subse- 
((iiently (1M71) entered Saintc Marie, a Jesuit 
college at Montreal, Canada, from which in.->ti- 


tution he was graduated in tlie class of 1873. 
During the next two years he engaged in rail- 
road contracting, and in 187(3 and 1877 was 
deputy register and recorder and afterwards 
deputy prothonotary of Westmoreland county. 
Having registered in 1875 as a law student with 
Senator Edgar Cowan, he cuuipletcd iiis legal 
studies and Avas admitted to tlie bar at (Jreens- 
burg October 2, 1878. From that time until 
188t) he was associated in the jiractice of his 
profession with J. J. Ilazlett. Upon the death 
of Mr. Ilazlett, Vincent E. Williams formed a 
partnership with W. A. Griflith, and the law 
firm of" Williams k Griffith" is now recognized 
as one ^of the strongest in the county. Vin- 
cent E. Williams is a very decided democrat and 
stands boldly upon the platform of free trade. 
For some years he was the sole champion of this 
principle in Westmoreland county, and to-day 
he hails with delight the rapidly growing ten- 
dency in that direction. Notwithstanding his 
ability and worth, modesty sits enthroned on 
his brow, forbidding the application of adjec- 
tives and requesting the omission of ante- 
mortem eulogy. 

of the beautiful, historic, and for-famed 
" Ligonier Valley," who has risen to 
military and civil distinction in the history of 
his county, is Captain James J. Wirsing. lie 
is a sou of John and Mary (Shafer) Wirsing, 
and was born in Donegal township, Westmore- 
hind county, Pa., November U, 1840. His 
paternal grandfather. Rev. John Caspor Wirs- 
ingjWas born in Titzingen by "•■ Waertzburg on the 
Main," Germany, December '11, 17G6, served 
as a commissioned officer in the army of his 
" Fatherland," and immigrated to America, Octo- 
ber 3, 1789. On board the ship which bore 
him to this country he made the ac(i[uaintance of 
Catherinea Eiizabctha Riitherr, who was born 
April 1'2, 17G8, in Germany and had sold lier 

time for a certain period to pay lier passage to- 
the United States. He purchased her time and 
they were married Januaiy 1, I71I3. He soon 
removed to Baltimore and fiom thence came to 
Westmoreland county. " He was an educated 
gentleman of fine address and great power of 
language," and became a local preaciier in the 
Methodist church. " He spoke seven languages 
tluently, was the ablest and most eloquent ex- 
horter of his day and people came in vast num- 
bers to hear him speak at camp meetings, ([uar- 
terly meetings, revivals, etc. He was in tlie 
zenith of his fame in 182'), and liveycais later 
removed to near Petersburg, Somerset county, 
Pa., where he died in 1835." He had eight 
children : Catherine, John (father), who is the 
founder of the Westmoreland county Wirsin^ 
family ; Henry, who died in 1888, married 
Mary King, was the progenitor of the Wirsin^s 
of Somerset countj', and whose son, John Wirs- 
ing, resides in Fayette county and is the founder 
of the Wirsing family of that county ; Mary 
Ann Shadrach ; Thomas 15.; Samuel H. mar- 
ried Catherine Zipley and Helena Frantz. 
John Wirsing (father) was born January 7, 
1708, and died February 2, 1852. He was a 
successful farmer and an active democrat. In. 
early life he came to Donegal township, where 
he held many local offices. On December 18, 
1821, he married INIary Shafer. They had nine 
children : Peter (dead) ; Catherine, wife of 
John Kooser, of Iowa ; Eliza, intermarried with 
W. R. Hunter; Harriot, who married H. M. 
Millhof; Margaret (deceased) ; Thomas, of Illi- 
nois ; John S., of Mount Pleasant township; 
Jeremiah, who lives at Scottdale and Capt. 
James J. JMrs. Mary Wirsing was born in 
Franklin county. Pa., May 12, 1801, and is a 
daughter of Peter Shafer, who was at ^'alley 
Forge and served under Washington until the 
close of the Revolutionary war. In 1807 he 
removed to Donegal township where he patented 
three hundred acres of Inml ami lived an indus- 
trious and honest life. 


Captain James J. Wiisiiig was educated in 
tlie coininon and select suimiier scliools of West- 
moreland county. He followed farming until 
nineteen years of age, then learning the trade of 
plasterer which he jjursued for several years. 
In 18G"2 he assisted very largely in raising a com- 
pany of soldiers in the Ligonier Valley. He re- 
fused the captaincy hut accepted the second 
lieutenancy of this company, which joined the 
eighty-fourth reg., Pa. Vol. Infantry at Arling- 
ton Heights in Septemher, 18G2, and hecaine 
comjjany C of that regiment. He participated 
in tiie hattle of Frederickshurg, was j)rumoted to 
first lieutenant January 12, I8G0, took [lart in 
the battle of Chancellorsville, where he was shot 
twice through the left log and hip and received 
a furlough of si.xty days on account of his 
wounds. He rejoined ids regiment on its march 
to (iettysburg. On Aug\ist 21), ISt!;!, lie was 
promoted li> a captaincy and couinianded his 
company in all of the battles up to October 2, 
IBG-l. He was shot in the left leg at Cold Har- 
bor, was wounded in the breast in August, 1804, 
and on October 2 of the same year, at Poplar 
Grove church, in front of Petersburg, he was 
shot through both shoulders and his left thigh 
and was left on the iield for dead On recover- 
ing consciousness he was approached by a rebel 
soldier, who was in the act of shooting him 
when a Confederate officer interfered and saved 
his life. He was carried to the rear on a 
stretcher and taken to Richmond, where he was 
ct)ntlned in Tiibby prison for a short time, then 
paroled and sent to Annapolis, Md. Alter two 
months llieie lie came home on leave (jf ab.sence 
and being unalile to rejoin his I'eginieiit was 
honorably discharged on January 3, 18tJ,j, as a 
"prisoner of war." From 1805 to 1878 he 
was engaged in plastering and as a clerk in a 
dry goods and hardware store at Mount Pleas- 
ant. In the latter year he was elected treasurer 
of Westmoreland county and served efficiently 
and honorably in that jiositiou. In 1885 Capt. 
Wirsing was recommended by Hon. C. E. Boyle 

for pension agent of the western district of 
Pennsylvania and was endorsed by all the demo- 
cratic Congressmen of the State. His appoint- 
ment was generally conceded, but when Mr. 
lioyle failed in securing the noiiiinatii)ii for a 
third term in Congress, the inlluences that de- 
feated Boyle were brought to bear against Capt. 
^Virsing and secured the position for the Cap- 
tain's opponent, William Barclay. Hince 1882 
J. J. Wirsing has been successfully engaged in 
the real estate and fire insurance business. 

He united in marriage on June 5, 18G7, with 
Charlotte M. Fluke, daughter of William S. 
Fluke, e.x-sheriff of Bedford county, Pa. They 
have eight children : Myrtle, J. Edgar, William 
F., Herbert, Mary E., Pialpli, Mabel and 

Capt Wirsing is a ])rominent member of the 
C. A. R., U. V. L., Philanthropy Lodge, No. 
225, A. Y. M., and several other secret organ- 
zations. He is a large, fine-looking man, a 
member of the M. E. church and an ardent 
democrat. He is courteous, hospitable and 
kind and is a man of well known integrity both 
in public and private life. 

'j[0\m Y. WOODS, a successful lawyer and 
'1 prominent democratic politician of Westmore- 
(2/ land county, was born at Greensburg, West- 
moreland county. Pa., March 17, 1844, and is 
a son of James F. and Elizabeth F. Y'oung. 

James F. Woods, who for many years was a 
leading attorney at the Greensburg bar, was a 
native of Milford Centre, Union county, (Jliio. 
He was born in 1812 and came to Greensburg 
in or about 18o'J. when he was admittwl to the 
bar. James F. Woods is yet living but retired 
from the active practice some years ago. In 
])olitics he was an intluential whig but always 
declined to run for any oflice. After the death 
of the Whig party he became a republican, but 
for many years past he has alliliated with the 
Democratic party. 


lie was a warm personal tViuml uf I'liitud 
States Senator Cowan and Ex-(i<>veinur .lohn- 
S(in. 'I'lio law firm of Fostei' & Woods for a 
lonj^ strotcli of yc;irs did a most extensive \vff\\ 
|uaclic(' ;iL tile \VeslitiiiiTl;ind eninilv liar. lie 
lias loiii^ been a memlier of tlie I'resbytel'ian 
chnieli. Goveriioi' Johnson, wliilo governor of 
tlie State tendered him every olliee that was in 
his power to give him, but Mr. Wood always 
deeliiied to aeeept. He was a graduate tVdni 
Hanover college, Indiana, and is a gentle- 
man of eulture and of splendid literary attain- 
ments. He was married in 1848 to Elizabeth, 
a daughter of the late Judge Young. ]Mrs. 
Woods died in 1844. She was a woman of 
superior mind and possessed many accom- 

John Y. Woods was prepared for college at 
the old Mount I'leasant academy, entered the 
freshmen class of Jefl'erson college in I8.>.i, and 
■was graduateil in the first class after the consoli- 
dation of Washington and Jefl'erson colleges. 
Immediately after his graduation lie commenced 
the practice of law in the office of Foster i^t 
Woods, and was admitted to the bar in 1858. 
Since his admission he has been actively engagei^ 
in the practice and devotes his whole time to the 
interests of his many clients. He was the nom- 
inee of his party, the democrats, in 1871 for 
the olliee of district attorney of Westmoreland 
county, was elected and served most acceptably 
to tlie peo]ile for three years. He has always 
taKeii a leading [lart in pulities and wields a 
piiwi'iful inlliieiiee in the ranks nf the deiuoeiacy. 
He has at various times served his party as dele- 
gate to political conventions and takes a leading 
jiart in their deliberations. He possesses a keen 
insight into political economy, is a man of fine 
literary tastes and owns one of the most exten- 
sive and well-assorted libi'aries in the county. 
In June, 1870, he was mairiedto Kttie, adaughter 
of Michael Johnson, of Mount I'leasant town- 
ship. 'I'liey have; bad Ihjiii to their union three 
eliildreii : John, Willie and Jiidson. 

'f OHN M. YOUNG, an agreeable gentleman 
I and clerk of the board of commissioners of 
(5/ Westmoreland county, is the youngest sou 
(i( Robert and Sarah (Sarver) Young, and was 
born in Salem townshi|), Weslmoieland county, 
I'a., Juno 10, ]8t;0. His paternal grandfather, 
Gilbert Young, was of Scoteh-lri>li descent. 
His wife was Margaret Kiddle. One of his 
sons, Kobert Young, was liorn in Salem town- 
ship in 1805. llobert Young was reared to 
farming, the prevailing and common business of 
western Pennsylvania during the first (juarter of 
the nineteenth century. He was verv success- 
ful in his farming operations, and was quite 
active in jiolitical matters; first as a whig and 
afterward as :i republican. He always took 
deep interest in education, was a member of 
the United Presbyterian church and a great 
reader, and was well informed on all topics 
of interest on general discussion. In 1841 
he married Sarah A. Sarver, daughter of 
Jonathan Sarver, who removed to Salem town, 
ship from lierks county, and was of German 
descent. Their family consisted of ten chil- 
dren, four daughters and six sons, of whom 
our subject is the youngest. Mr. Young died 
in 1881. 

John M. Young received a fair and practical 
education in the common schools of Salem, after 
which he engaged in farming for several years 
and was afterward employed in well-drilling. In 
1887 he accepted a position as traveling sales- 
man witli 1>. K. Young i^ Co., of Greensburg, 
Pa. On Monday, January 2, 1888, Mr. Young 
was elected clerk of the board of county comniis- 
sioners for Westmoreland county. He lias 
served very creditably in that difficult and im- 
portant position, whi(di he still holds. John 
M. Young is a member of Greensburg Council, 
No. 8-1, Junior Order of United American 
Mechanics. He is an active republican, has 
always been a firm believer in the principles 
and teachings of the Hepubliean party, and is 
energetic and self-reliant. 


I '\ r\- 


^h^ . 

//, i> x^. 



llio most inijiortaiit iiulustrics of (iiuons- 
V*) liurj^ if) tlie luiiiber busiiicss, and its Iciiil- 
iii;^ ro|)rc.Mciiliitivi; is ]{. IM. .1. ZiiliiiiscM', wlm Ims 
iiiiiriiiluctiil'cil ami (h^ilt in liimlicr I'm' i)\v.y 
twenty years in diU'erciit jtarts of wcstoin I'cnu- 
sylvania. lie was born near Merecr, Mereer 
county, Pa., November 29, 183(3, and is a son 
of William and Eleanor (Statler) Zaliniser, both 
natives of Allegheny eounty, this State. The 
founder of the Zaliniser family in the United 
States was Matthias Zahniser, who immigrated 
with his mother from Germany to the province 
of Pennsylvania in 1753. His father and 
brother embarked on the same vessel and at 
the same time, but died on the ocean between 
Germany and New York city. Matthias Zah- 
niser settled at Lancaster, Pa., where he mar- 
ried a lady by the name of Lint and reared a 
family ofseven children, si.x sons and one daugh- 
ter, lie removed from Lancaster to .\lleglicny 
county, where one of his sons, William Zaliniser, 
was born in 1789, near the site of Wilkinsburg. 
In 1797 William Zaliniser removed with his 
father to Mercer county, where he received his 
education. William Zahniser was a successful 
farmer of his adopted county. He served as a 
soldier in the war of I'fiVl and was at the 
memorable battle of Lake Erie. He. was a 
democrat of the Jacksonian type, engaged ac- 
tively in politics, and died in 185G. His wife 
was Eleanor Statler, a daughter of Andrew 
Statler, who was a member of the early settled 
and well-known Statler family of AUegiieny 
county, 'riuy had nine children, six sons ami 
three daughters, of wiiom live sons and two 
daughters are living. 

R. M. J. Zahniser was educated in the com- 
mon schools of Pennsylvania, then in the 
infancy of their existence. In 1850 he engaged 
in the drug business at Mercer, and successfully 
continued therein for seventeen years. In 1807 
he I'etired from the drug trade to engage in the 
lumber and plaining-niill business. In 1879 he 

removed from Mercer to Somerset county. Pa., 
where ho with others purchased a large tiact 
of timber land and was engaged for three years 
in converting this timber into lumiier. In 1S><1 
lie becaiiii) a resident of .Ml. I'Jia'^aJil, Nslnrc 1m; 
was engaged for live years in operating a largo 
lumber trade. In 188U Mr. Zahniser removed 
to Greensburg and engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness. He is now the senior partner of Zahniser 
k Co., the leading lumber dealers of Greens- 
burg and Westmoreland county, and proprietors 
of the Central planing-mill. They furnished all 
kinds of rough and dressed lumber, and deliver 
it in car-load lots to any point on the South 
west or Pennsylvania railroad. In their yards 
adjoining the freight depot they carry a heavy 
stock of siding, ilooring, lath, doors, frames, 
sash, shingles, moulding, etc. The mill and 
office are on AVest Otterman street and have 
telephonic communication with all important 
points throughout AVestiiK.ireland ami adjuining 

In 1859 Mr. Zahniser married Lizzie Hirst, 
of Mercer county. They had five children, of 
whom three are living: Harry II., born April 
17, 1863, a partner in business with his father; 
Dr. Frank R. (see his sketch) ; Bertha (dead) ; 
Mary, born January 30, 1878, attending school, 
and an infant daughter (dead). Mrs. Zahniser 
died August 13, 1883, and Mr. Zahniser was 
re-married on March 14, 1885, to Lillian 
Sherili; daughter of William \\ . Sheriff. P>y 
his second marriage he has one child: Richard 
Sherilf Zahniser, born February 14, 1880. 

R. M. J. Zahniser is a man of good judgment 
and clear business insight, as is attested by the 
extensive business he controls and the marked 
success that has attended his dift'erent enterpri- 
ses, lie is a republican but is conservative and 
liberal in his political views, has never aspired 
for any office, nor has no ambition for any politi- 
cal prominence. He is a gentleman, a member 
of the Presbyterian church and is one of Greeiis- 
burn-'s substantial and inlluential citizens. 



liKXIItAl'llIF.S OF 

flf^'liANK 1{./A11NISK1{, D.D.S., ayoiiiiM; 
I V and siiCL-cssl'iil (k'litisl of (^, is a 
Hon of 1!. M. .). ami Xmvm (llirsi) Zali- 
lUHoi', ami was Ikjiii at Mt'iccrj Mciccr cnniily, 
Pa., April If), IHi;,",. ]{ul,ar,l M. ,). /aliniscr, 
a son of William /almisur, is a native of Mer- 
cer eountv, I'a. lie was eiigaiji'il in tiie ilnii^ 
business at Mercer, I'a., for several years. On 
October "21, 1851i, he was inanieil to Lizzie 
Hirst, (laughter of J. F. Hirst, of JNIercer, I'a. 
In 1880, he removed to (ireensburg and en- 
gaged in his present extensive and ilourisliing 
lundier business. He was a membei' (jf tiie lii'ui 
of /almiser k Co., who arc extensive lumber 
dealers and proprietors of the Centi-ai planing 
mill on West Otterman street. Mr. Zahniser is 
a member of the Presbyterian ehureh, a repub- 
lican in politics, a successful business man, ami 
suflieiently energetic in advancing his business 

interests to establish telejilione eomnumication 
with ail parls ol' llie eounly. 

l''raid( \i. /.aliuiser was edueateil in the com- 
mon schools of .Mercer ami Ml. Pleasant college, 
in 1«K() he sliidied deiilislry with Dr. I. S. 
Wauganuin, of (jlreensburg. Pa., attended lectures 
at the Pennsylvania Dental college at Phila- 
delphia, in 1887 anil 1888, and was grailuatcd 
March 1, 188'J, from that institution, which is 
so well and favorably known both in the United 
States and Europe. This college is recognized 
in all foi'eign countries, where its graduates need 
no recommendation or emlorsement. On April 
1, 1889, lie opened an ollice in Greensburg and 
entered into the practice of his profession. He 
is a republican but takes no part in politics. 
Dr. Zahniser has an e.xtensive practice, is skilled 
in his profession and is a pleasant and agreeable 

JVIount Pleasant 

^YY^f'TJAM J. niTCHMAN. One of the 

k'ailiii^ bankers cjf smitliwostei ii Penn- 
sylvania, and a prominent and well- 
known and public spirited citizen of AVestinore- 
land county, is the gentleman whoso name heads 
this sketch, and whose great business ability, 
incorrw|itible integrity and ]iolitical inlluencc 
have made liini a jiotent fictur in the niateri;il 
develo|iuient and ]Hilitii;al life of Ml. I'leasant 
and the southern part of the county. Wdliani 
J. llitcliuian is a representative member of a 
class of able and distinguished financiers of 
western Pennsylvania who will compare favor- 
ably with the leading bankers of any like area 
in the United States. Among them were lion. 
Jasper M. Thompson and James T. Feilburn, of 
Fayette county, and still serving beside Mr. 
llitchman are Col. (ieorge F. Huff, of West- 
moreland county, and the Mellon lirotliers, of 
Pittsburg. AVilliani J. llitchman "'as born at 
Mt. Pleasant, Westmoreland county, Pa., July H, 
lH;iS, and is the only child of Major Jolm and 
Mary (Thompson) llitchman. 

William J. Mitchman is of English lineage 
on his paternal side and of Scotch-Irish descent 
on the maternal. When George III sat upon 
the throne of Great Britain, Mr. Ilitclnnan's 
paternal great-grandfather came to America as an 
officer in an English regiment, lie became in- 
terested in the condition of tlio Colonics and 
.sympathising with them in their struggle for 
political liberty, he soon resigned his commission 
and identified himself with the Colonial cause, but 

refused several important military commands in 
the Continental army during the Revolutionary 
struggle. His delicate sense of honor would not 
allow him to draw his sword against the country 
whose uniform he had worn and whose pay he 
had received fjr many years. His extreme 
sensitiveness with regard to line points of perso- 
nal honor seems to have been inherited by his 
descendants in every generation from his day 
ilown to the present time, lie resided in \'ir- 
ginia, and one of his sons, AVilliam llitchman 
(grandfather), removed from the " Old Domin- 
ion " to Redstone creek, in what is now Fayette 
county. Pa., and which then was supposed to 
belong to Virginia. He married Nancy Gilles- 
pie, who was an estimable woman and a member 
of a well-respected family. He soon removed 
from Fayette county to near Mt. Pleasant, 
where he afterwards died on the Robert llitcli- 
man farm. He was the founder of the llitchman 
family in Westmoreland county. He had six 
sons and two daughters : Major John, James, 
Robert, Samuel, David, Gillespie, Ellen and 
Elizabeth. Major John Hitchman (father) was 
born in 1789 qnd died in 184G. Major Hitch- 
man was a man of mark and stood high during 
his day in the military circles of this section 
of tlie State. When the war of 1812 broke 
out he enlisted in a company commanded by 
Capt. Reynolds, was commissioned first-lieuten- 
ant, and was ordered with his regiment to 
Baltimore, Maryland, where he served until the 
close of the war. In 1828 he was elected 




bbJjS/tb <h.n ai> i^a'l >il ■••if' (rill Mi ithoL' ' iUfi t-iriHi'J It'li 



brigade-inspector in lli^ I'riiMsvlvaniii inililia 
with tlic I'iiiik of major and survcd in tliaL |) 
tion until IM)!!). He was eni^aj,'eil for several 
years in mercantile business and died in Mareb, 
184(], aged ;')! years. lie united in marriage 
with Mary Tlioni])Son, wbo was a descendant of 
tlie old and luirbly respected Tbompson family 
of tlie ('un]l)erland Valley. She was a woman 
of (U'cided I'oree of character, of many graces, 
and of superior Christian worth, with intelligence 
and culture far beyond her time in the section 
where she resided. She was born at Mercers- 
burg, I'a., February 18, 17'J'J. On March 30, 
1870, her spirit winged its flight from earth 
and her remains lie entombed with tiiosc of her 
husband in Mt. Pleasant cemetery. 

William J. Ilitcliman was not eight years of 
age when his father died in rather straightened 
circumstances, and he was reared at Laurelvillo. 
It is the opinion of those wdio have an undoubted 
right to speak upon the subject, that Mr. Ilitcli- 
man owes to his excellent mother much of the 
better part of bis manhood and the greater 
j)ortion of bis success in life. She carei'ully 
disciplined him in early years and instructed 
him in all those right and noble principles of 
action which have distinctly characterized his 
mature manhood. In his case, as in most cases 
in any country, the men of ability and success 
in war, in statesmanship, in commerce, in litera- 
ture, in science and art and rcligioi> had mothers 
of high character and Hne intelligence, lie 
spent most of his boyhocjil at Laiii'elvillc, which 
was a small village at the foot of Chestnut 
Ridge, where he was actively em})loyed and 
carefully trained to business in the mill, the 
store and the shop, and before his seventeenth 
birthday was acting as village school teacher. 
He thus -laid the foundations upon which he 
afterward built the superstructure of his subse- 
quent successful life. He taught school for 
several years and completed bis academic course 
at his native Idwn, \sliich has always been noted 
for its line educational advantages. While 

teaching he always look an active [lart in teachers 
institutes, and in every movecalcidated to advance 
the cause (jf i^dncation. Altbougli possessed of 
tastes and ((ualilications for law and politics, yet 
he turned from those inviting fiebU and planned 
for himself a business career which be knew 
slow i)lodding was necessary at the start to 
secure permanent and lasting success. 

But a few years elajised however untd Mr. 
Ilitchman moved forward with rapid strides in 
the business world. He has daily widened the 
sphere of bis commercial 0])erations, and pre- 
served under the most trying circumstances all 
the manly traits of an honorable man, which are 
too often wrecked in the great struggle for ma- 
terial wealth. He is largely interested in the 
banks of Mt. Pleastint, has investments in other 
enterprises and owns a large amount of real 

An important event in Mr. Hitcbman's life 
occurred on January 2, 18G1, when he united in 
marriage with Elizabeth Shields, daughter of 
James Shields. Their union has been blest 
with six sons and two (laughters: James S., 
Edward T., Arthur, John 1).^ Walton M., Will- 
iam M., Mary and Alice E. His domestic life 
has been most i'ortuiuite and remarkably happy. 
His wife has been a helfiinate to hiin in the 
grandest sense of the term, and in no small 
degree has contributed to his prosperity as well 
as added to the comfort and happiness of bis 

When ^Villiam J. Ilitchman attained his 
majority be was neither the master of wealth, 
actual or in expectation, but entered the great 
world of active life with noble resolves, aspiring 
genius and all-conquering will, born of desire as 
well as necessity for efl'ort. 

The successful, honorable and wealthy busi- 
ness man is one of the most valuable integrals 
of a nation's strength, for he is a potent factor of 
the nation's capital and labor; and it is honorable 
to be wealthy when wealth is honorably ac(|uired, 
as it has been by Mr. Ilitchman, and is used, as 


i^^^ii^' ^j 

^"?^'?'2{J l-i ' ^' ^^ 

1 yi:s TMo n i:la ni> co uxt r. 

it has been by biin, for laudable and noble pur- 
poses. He lias been identilieii with the Repub- 
lican l>arty ever since its organization, and 
and always gives a warm, cordial anil elleetive 
supjiort to the measures of the party of Lincoln, 
Grant and Garfield. In his own section he is 
recognized as a political leader of rare ability, and 
one who is well versed in the history and princi- 
ples of the two great political parties of to-day. 
lie has been constantly enlarging the boundaries 
of his knowledge in every direction until he is 
now well informed in history, biography and 
literature, as well as being a recognized and 
standard authority upon all subjects in relation 
to banking. By eoniinendable industry, patient 
perseverance and strict integrity \Villiam J. 
llitehman has carved out for himself a successful, 
distinguished and enviable career. He is now 
in the full jirime of matured manhood, enjoying 
good health, possessing all the desired comforts 
of lite, and surrounded by a host of warm and 
admiring friends who are justly proud of his 
success and his high standing in the county, 
and who fully appreciate his. great moral worth 
as a man and a citizen. 

•jjrOHN Q. ADAMS, a leading furniture 
t dealer and undertaker at j\It. Pleasant and 
(£y successor of M. J. Ilumbaugh k Co., of 
that place, was born April 13, 1851, in Tyrone 
township. Fayette county, Pa., and is a son of 
Henry and ]\[argery (Keece) /dams. George 
Adams (paternal grandfather) was a farmer and 
one of the early settlers of Westmoreland 
county. Ileni-y Adams (father) was superin- 
tendent of coke works in Westmoreland county, 
Pa., for some years, but of late years has given 
his attention to farming. He was a soldier in 
the late Civil War. He enlisted in Co. F, IGSth 
rcg., Pa. Vols., and served his term of enlist- 

John Q. Adams was educated in the common 
schools of Tyrone township, Fayette county, 

Pa., and at the age of eighteen years entered 
Mt. Pleasant college, where he remained two 
years. After leaving college he taught in the 
common schools; two terms in Fayette and five 
terms in Westmoreland county. He then 
entered the employ of J. M. Cochran as njana- 
ger of the Buckeye Coke Company's store, 
which position he successfully filled for two 
years. He was ne.xt employed as book-keeper 
and pay-master for J. M. Cochran and served 
in that capacity with Mr. Cochran's successors 
for some time. After eight years' service as 
book-keeper he removed in 1887 to Mt. Pleas- 
ant, where he bought out the furniture and 
undertaking establishment of J. M. Kumbaugh, 
and is now successfully conducting this busi- 

John Q. Adams was married June 7, l«7f3, 
to Miss Angeline, daughter of the late iMiehael 
Truxal, a well-to-do farmer of East Huntingdon 
township, Westmoreland county, Pa. Three 
children have blessed their union : Allie C, 
Erma T. and Rush. 

John Q. Adams is president of the school 
board of theborough of INlt. Pleasant, a member 
of Lodge No. 885, Independent Order of <.)dd 
Fellows, Royal Arcanum and Improved Order 
of Heptasophs. He is a good business man 
and has a large and carefully-selected stock of 
late and stylish furniture, embracing all kinds 
and qualities of everything needed in his line 
of business. He has a large trade and is doing 
a good business. He is a member of the United 
Brethren church. 

'j Pleasant, is a son of Lewis and Elizabeth 
(1/ (Berkholder) Andrews, and was born 
February 'J, 1836, in Fayctteville, Franklin 
county, Pa. His grandfather, Andrews, was of 
Scotch descent and lived at Strasburg, Frank- 
lin county, where Lewis Andrews (father) .was 
born April 5, 1803. The latter was a merchant 

I'itu ;i«Ui H «a 


and was iu business for many years at Fayctte- 
ville. but retired from active life in 185(j. j\Irs. 
Miirv Antb-ews (f^ranibuotber), who died iiilStili 
lit Slra>liiir;^, l':i., at liio adviiiiccd -.f^v uf 10') 
years, was " bora two ycai-s bi'lbrc ibe cinl (if 
the French and Indian war, lour years before 
the famous Staui|) Act was passed, lifteen years 
before the Declaration of Independence, thirty- 
eight years before the death of Washington, and 
100 years before the breaking out of the lle- 
bellion. " 

James Berkley Andrews attended the common 
schools of Ids native town, and at tlie age of 
seventeen years began to learn the tin-smith 
trade at Gliambersburg, Pa., remaining there 
until IS.')"*, lie then went to western I'enusyl- 
vania and settled at iMt. I'leasaut, \Vestniore- 
land County, in October, 185G, having pre- 
viou,'<ly worked at bis trade both at Bedford and 
Somerset, Pa. At Mt. he opened a 
tin-smithing shop, and together with his sons is 
still conducting a large and prosperous business. 
Mr. Andrews has been a member of the borough 
council for three years, is identified with the 
]\Ietl'.odist Episcopal church and stands high 
in the community Avhere he resides, lie is a 
member of the Royal Arcanum, A. (). I'. \\'., 
K. of II., and the I. 0. U. F. 

James B. Andrews was married August 23, 
18(J0, to Cynthia Ann, a daughter of Thomas 
Shipley, of Baltimore, Md. They have four 
children : William Lewis, born October 3, 
iMtU!; tieorge BL-rkley, born N'v.vemberS, 1870 ; 
Charles \'inton, born November 9, 1877, and 
Mary Shipley, born July 10, 1881. Mrs. 
Andrews, who was a most estimable lady, died 
on the Sth of July, 1888. 

yYYlLLIAM BOWERS, a merchant of Mt. 
I I I I'leasaut, and one of her leading citi- 
zens, was born March 22, 1817, in Ty- 

son of Jacob and Catharine (Myers) Bowers. 
Jacob Bowers was born in Lancaster county. 
Pa., of (icrmaTi par^'Uts, and early in life re- 
moved to i''Myclt(' cDiihly, wbcie lie engaged in 
Uie nieli-anllU; idisiness wbieli he CDiiliniied [\>i 
a number of years. He was one of the first 
operators and dealers in coke in the Connells- 
ville region ami continued in the coke business 
more than eighteen years. Upon the completion 
of the Pittsburg and Connellsville R. R., it was 
from his [ilant that the first car of coke was 
shijiped over it to Pittsburg. In 181)8 Mr. 
Bowers retired from the coke business and 
moved on to his farm in Uunbar township, 
but in 1872 he left Fayette county and 
located at Mt. Pleasant, this county, where 
he opened a general store ; he ilied in May, 

William Bowers attended scIkioI for a short 
time oidy, beginning work at his father's coke 
plant early in life, and continuing there for 
fifteen years, being in his father's store full five 
years of that time. He then worked on the 
farm a few years, and in 1871 engaged with 
John M. Cochran, of Fayette county, as a clerk, 
remaining in that position two years. In 1873 
he went to Mt. Pleasant, where he and his 
brother David purchased their father's stock of 
merchandise and continued the business estab- 
lished there by him the preceding year. In 
1882 William Bowers bought his brothers' in- 
terest in the store, and thus became sole owner 
of the clothing establishment, which he has ever 
since conducted with success. Mr. Bowers is a 
member of the Moss Rose Lodge, No. 350, I. 0. 
0. F., and is an active member of the church of 

William Bowers was married May 20, 1875, 
to Rachel, a daughter of Abraham Hodskin, of 
Mt Pleasant, and they have six children : Re- 
becca Ann, born May 29, 187G ; Alva Curtis, 
June 14, 1879; Homer, February 4, 1883; 
Jesse, May 8, 1885; Irene, May 24, 1887; 
and James Wade, January 9, 1889. 


eYllUS r. lillKCl 1 1511,1,, H Miiiu (,r u.x- 
toiidfd wostuni truvi'l, a iiu'icliiinl uf 
many years business exjierience ami a 
well known notion iiml I'aney ware ilcalci' oi' 
Ml. I'leusanl,, is a son ol' Saniiiri anil l,yilia 
(Burger) Hreeiiinll, and was born at, '.Mt. I'leas- 
ant, AVestnioreliiml county, I'a., A|iril 12, IMoT. 
His father, Samuel Brcclibill, was a tanner by 
trade, toilowed tanning for yonie years ami then 
engaged in tlie drug business. 

Gyrus P. iireeldjill was eiUicated in West- 
inorehuul college, now the '' Western Pennsyl- 
vania Classical and Scientific Institute," of Mt. 
Pleasant, lie afterwards entered DutFs Com- 
mercial college, Pittsburg, Pa., and was gradu- 
ated from that institution in 185;'). In the same 
year that he completed bis business college 
course he entered the employ of the Chicago, 
Burlington and Quincy Kailroad Co. as baggage 
master and remained with them for three years. 
In 1858 he went to the " Pacific Slope" where 
he located in the State of California and was en- 
gaged in the mereantile business for twelve 
years. From 1870 to 1872 he was enijiloyed as 
commissary for a United States engineer corps 
which left Helena, Montana, in the former and 
was occupied until the latter year in making 
surveys on the Yellowstone river. Early in 
1872 Mr. Brechbill returned to Mt. Pleasant 
after an absence of nearly fifteen years in the 
"Great \Vcst," and engaged as a clerk in the 
general mercantile store of Isaac StaulVcr, with 
whom lie ii'mainccl for four years. In 1S7G he 
became bookkeeper for the nrm of Low t^ Hus- 
band, and serrveu in that capacity until 1880. On 
May 31, 1880, he established his present general 
notion and fancy ware store and hasmade a success 
•of his business. His store is eligibly located and 
well stocked and he does not lack for patronage. 
On November 10, 1874, Mr. Brechbill united 
in marriage with Sarah A. Kumbaugh, daughter 
•of Peter Runibaugii. They have two children : 
Nellie (i., born l'\'bruary 22, 1S7(), and Harry 
Paul, .laniuiry 21, 1885. 

C. P. Brechbill lias served two tcrni.s as as- 
sessor of Mt. Pleasant borough. He has been 
true to every business or political trust placed 
in his hands and has always lal)or(-(l faithfully in 

whatever- he was engaged. 

•jfOlIN B. COLDSMITII was born Decem- 
"t ber 18, 1857, at Mt. Pleasant, Westmore- 
(i/ land county. Pa., and is a son of John and 
Sarah (Brehan) Coldsniith. John Goldsmith 
was a native of eastern Pennsylvania, but re- 
moved to ]\lt. Pleasant when yet a young man. 
Although a hatter by trade he did not confine 
his attention exclusively to the hat business, but 
engaged also in the grocery line. He served the 
borough of Mt. Pleasant for some time in the 
ca[iacity of councihnan and ac(juilted himself 
with creilit. 

John B. Goldsmith received his education in 
the public schools of his native borough and in 
Mt. Pleasant Institute, which he attended several 
terms. At the age of eighteen years he was em- 
ployed as clerk in a drug store, where he 
remained but a short time, leaving this position 
to learn the trade of paper-hanger. He worked 
at his trade as a journeyman for a few years and 
then engaged in business as a dealer in wall 
paper and queensware. For some time Mr. 
Goldsmith has given much of his time and atten- 
tion to the interests of the bands of Mt. Pleas- 
ant ; ho is a member and manager of the " Star 
Band " of that place. For years he has been 
manager of concerts and theatrical performances, 
and was for a time manager of the " old Opera 
House," and since the completion and opening 
of the " Grand Opera House " he has been its 
manager. He is a member and commissary ser- 
geant of Co. E, tenth reg., National Guard of 
Pennsylvania ; belongs to I. 0. 0. F., and 

John B. Goldsmith was married July 22, 
1884, to Sanizai Bingaman, of Mcyersdale, 
Somerset county. Pa., and they have three cliild- 

-!>fiu"j gmrt* o"' 


moaiiM'iiiES OF 

iTii : l')I;iiiK' r>., iMirn .Iiiniiury liT, 1HH7 ; ;iii 
inl'uiit .sou, biiiu Ndvciuljcr H, IJSS'.lj aiul 
Bluiiclii' K. (J.ililsiniih, Imii-ii Au; 'I'l^ IH.Sf), 
(lifd Sclitcliilici' IT, IS.Mi. 

ASSIUS M. <; ALLEY, a .Icsi'ciubmt of 
ii higlily ri'spL'ctablu lamily aiul an ciitor- 
[irisiug businoss man, was born at Mt. 
Pleasant, Westuiorolanil county, l*a., in 1801, on 
the anniversary of tlie Battle of New Orleans, 
and is a son of Cyrus and Harriet (Clark) Gal- 
ley. Cyrus Galley was a Pennsylvanian whose 
birth-place was in Fayette county, where the 
name of Galley is found in the list of earliest 
settlers, and the Galleys there of the present 
generation are foremost among the steady and 
reliable citizens of tliat county. I'^arly in life 
Cyrus Galley learned the trade of blacksmith, 
but soon after completing his apprenticeshi|) he 
removed to Mt. Pleasant, where he engaged with 
Gilison Kemp and learned the trade of carriage 
maker. .\bout lS(i.") hu formed a partnership 
for the manufacture of carriages under the lirm 
name of Galley, Wechling ^: Co. This firm 
while remarkably successful in the sale of their 
work also enjoyed an excellent reputation as 
skilled mechanics. Cyrus Galley was born 
November 20, ls;l(;, and died January ID, LSiS;!. 
Ilis wife was Harriet ('lark, a daughter of 
Samuel Clark, of Mt. Pleasant, AVestmoreland 
county. They hud nine children. 

<'assius M. Galley was reared at Mt. Pleas- 
ant, \\here he received his education. ^Vllen 
seventeen years of age he entered the carriage 
manufactory of (! alley, Mechling & Co., where 
under the special instruction and care of his 
father he learned the trade of carriage manufac- 
ture ; he was also carefully instructed in the 
management of that business and in the persoiuil 
su[)ervision of the works in every detail. U](on 
the death of his father in 1883 he and his 
brother, Orion Galley, bought out the interests 
of their father's partners and organized under 

the linn nanje of (iailcy Hrotliers. The wrll- 
cstabiishcd busijicss of the rrliable old lirni lo.-,l 
nothing IVom bring transferred into the bands of 
ibi^ i](.'W lirm. 'I'bcy have not only liild ihu 
lornier substantial iiatronage but addi-il to it by 
the latter new support, won by skilled work, in- 
cieased facilities and fair dtaling. 

Cassius M. Galley was nuirried on February 
18, 1885, to Ida May Roadman, daughter of 
Samuel and Annie IJoadman, residing at Mt. 
Pleasant. Mr. and Mrs. Galley have two child- 
ren : Anna May, born January -3, 188<j, and 
Blanche, June 1, 1888. 

C. M. Galley is a member of Moss Rose 
Lodge, No. 350, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, which was chartered April IC, 1849, 
and Mt. Pleasant Council, No. 592, organized 
in May, 1881. Although young in years Mr. 
Galley has denmnstrated his ability as a success- 
ful and thorough business man. 

X OSEPII E. GIBP.S was born January 27, 
"!'' 1860, in Mt. Pleasant, Westmoreland 
(?7 county, Pa., and is a son of John G. and 
Rebecca E. (Berger) Gibbs. Ilis grandfather, 
Joseph E. Gibbs, a native of Bedford county, 
Pa., came to Mt. Pleasant, this county, where 
he located and carried on his trade — that of 
warfonmaker. John G. Gibbs was born Ajnil 
21, 1824, in Bedford county, and while yet a 
youth came with his parents to Mt. Pleasant. 
After leaving the common schools lie, under the 
instruction of his father, learned the trade of 
wagonmaker, at which he worked until 1884. 
lie is still living and resides in Mt. Pleasant. 

Joseph E. Gibbs attended the public schools 
of Mt. Pleasant, and then entered the Mt. 
Pleasant Institute for a year, leaving that insti- 
tution at the age of eighteen years. Prior to 
entering the institute, however, he was engaged 
two years as clerk or salesman in a store ; he was 
subsequently employed for four years in the same 
capacity. In 1883 he started a livery and feed 



Stable, which ho is still runiiin^f. He has been 
very successl'iil ami is ilniiiLC :iii u.xccliunt busi- 
ness. Mr. liibbs, \s\w is a iKseiviiij^ and in- 
(lu.sliii)iis yimii;^ man, is a nicmlier of .M t. l'l('as- 
uiit l,n.l-^e, Nu. lifiO, 1. (). (). K., una ul' Ml. 
i'leasaiil Council, No. Tdiii, Uoyal Aixannm. 

anil respected citizen of Ml. I'leasant, and 
a careful and etlicieut carriage trinuner, 
is a son of William and Ellen (Alexander) Gil- 
son, and was bo."n in Tuscarora \'alley, Juniata 
county, Pa., on new year's day, 1837. William 
uilson was a native of Juniata county. He was 
a miller by occupation, and about 1S45 be re- 
niovcil to Manchester, now a jiart of Allegheny 
city, I'a., where he resided a >number of years, 
from thence to New Florence, Westmoreland 
county, where he died. 

Hiram A. (jilson came with Ids parents to 
Manchester, where he received his education in 
the public schools of that place. At the age of 
fourteen years he entered the work-shop of | 
Phelps, Carr k Co., of Allegheny city, and 
learned the trade of carriage trimmer. After 
coniiileting his trade he remained and worked 
for that firm for six years. In 1857 he went to 
Creensburg where he was engaged at his trade 
for four years. In 1861 Mr. Gilson came to 
Mt. I'leasant, engaged in carriage trimming and 
lias continued at that business ever since. In 
1882 he removed his family to the last named 
place and now [iroposos to make it his future 

In 1859 Mr. Gilson married Maria Hughes, 
of New Derry, this county, by whom he had 
two children ; William and Frederick. Mrs. 
Gilson died in ISGo, and Mr. Gilson married for 
his second wife, Mary J. IJrown, of Jjcdhjrd 
county, I'a., who bore him two children: Clar- 
ence and Harry. Mrs. Mary J. (iilsou died in 
1871, and ^Ir. (iilson, in ]cS7."), united in mar- 
riage with Mrs. Margaret (Hutchinson) (iull'ey. 

of near AVest Newton, Westmoreland eouiity, 
I'a. To this third unicjn si.x children have been 
born — all daughters and living: Nellie, Mollie, 
Eunua, June, Irene and Lilly. 

lliraiii A. (iilson is a good workman in his 
s])ecial line of business. lie has had years of 
profitable experience as a carriage trimmer, and 
his work as such gives good satisfiiction. He is 
a member of the Mt. Pleasant Methodist Episco- 
pal church and member of Mt. Pleasant Lodge, 
No. Iil8, Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

IIAPLES A. GRAUL, of German de- 
scent, and the leading baker and confec- 
tioner of Mt. Pleasant, is the son of 
Leopold and Christiana (Wiedeman) Graul, and 
was born in Hempfield township, Westmoreland 
county. Pa., February 7, 1S5G. Lcojiold Graul 
was born and reared near Dessau, the capital of 
Anhalt Dessau, an agricultural duchy of Ger- 
many. In 1850 he immigrated to the United 
States and located in Pittsburg, where he was 
married about 1.853 to Christiana Wiedeman, 
who was a native of Hanover, a province of 
Prussia. In 1855 he came to Hempfield town- 
ship, where he resided fifteen years and was 
principally engaged in huckstering. By fair 
and honorable dealing he became very popular 
with the farming population of Westmoreland 
county. In 1870 Mr. Graul returned to Pitts- 
burg, where he is employed as janitor and 
general overseer of Odd Fellow's hall building, 
" south side," Pittsburg, the largest building of 
its kind in the city. 

Charles A. Graul was educated in the com- 
mon schools of Hempfield township, returned 
with his parents to Pittsburg in 1870, and one 
year later went to the bakery of John A. New, 
'■ south side," to learn the trade of baker and 
confectioner. At the end of his first year's 
apprenliceshi|) his employer could not furnish 
him with suHieient work of the grade that he was 
then cajialile of performing, but secured foryoun" 

..■-.1 1 


Graul a suitable place where he was enabled to 
l>ei't'cct himself in the several branches of his 
trailc. After working for nine years in Pittsburj^ 
he came to j\It. Pleasant ami formed a co-j);irtner- 
shi|i with J. 1'. \\'eri<man, Jr. Tiiey opened a 
bakery and confectionary which they operated 
till October, llSH.3, when Mr. (Jraul ])urchased 
his partner's interest and removed to his present 
place of business on Church street. His sales- 
room is well adapted to the purpose for which it 
is use<l, and contains everything useful or desira- 
ble in his line of business. Mr. Graul oi)erates 
the most complete bakery every established in 
Mt. Pleasant and has never lacked an exten- 
sive or remunerative patronage since he came 

On February 7, 1883, he was united in mar- 
riage with Anna Plank, of Pittsburg. Their 
union has been blessed with two children : 
Carl, born January 7, 188-t, and ^Valter, born 
April '2a, 188G. 

C. A. Graul is a member of the Reformed 
church and in political matters is a republican, 
lie is a member of Moss Rose Lodge, No. 350, 
I. O. 0. F., Mt. Pleasant Lodge, No. 198, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, Mt. Pleas- 
ant Council, No. 5'.l'2, Royal Arcanum, and is a 
member of borough council from the first ward. 

]^ f young man who has made his own way 
ihroiigli lih' Hiid II pi'ciiiiiucMl viiuiig pliy- 
siciuu of Ml. I'lca.sanl, was iicu-u at lilaiisviih', 
Indiana county. Pa., Seiitembcr (J, li<G3. lie 
is a son of Peter !;?id Mary (Morton) llarkins, 
the former of whom was born in Ireland and 
the latter in Lilairsvilie, Imliuna county. Pa. 
Peter llarkins was engaged as foi'eman on tli(^ 
West Pennsylvania lailroad. At the breaking 
out of the rebellion he entered the army as a 
private in Company 1), 20i3th reg. of Pa. Vols, 
and was in active S(trviei' till ISlif). lb' ic- 
tiiiiiecl lidiiie and sciiin afliTward ilied I'mui ihe 

effects of exposure and hai'dships he endured for 
over four years. 

Dr. James llarkins at an early age was left 
an orphan, and when he was six years of age 
entered the Soldier's and Orphan's school at 
Phillipsburg, Beaver county, was transferred to 
JumonviUe, Fayette county, Sejitember 1, 1871), 
where he remained until he was si.xteen yeans 
old. lie then left JumonviUe, began the study 
of medicine at Mt. Pleasant under Drs. Heath 
ami Goodman. In 1884 he entered the Eeleetic 
Medical college at Cincinnati, and from this 
favorably known school he was graduated in 
the class of 1885. In the same year he located in 
practice at Mt. Pleasant; he is now successfully 
engaged in his profession and is also the pro- 
prietor of one of the leading drug stores of the 
jdace. He is a member of the Sons of Veterans 
and Division Surgeon of Pennsylvania, and ranks 
as ^lajor. In recognition of his thorough 
knowledge in military tactics and of military 
drill he was, in 1889, elected by his comrades 
second lieutenant of company E, 10th reg. of 
the National Guards of Pennsylvania. Dr. 
llarkins, by his own perseverance and energy, 
is honorably winning his way to the front ranks 
of his j)rofession. 

PAMUEL W. HUSBAND, of Mt. Pleas- 
ant, was born June 19, 1850, near Tarr's 
station, Westmoreland county, Pa., and is 
a son of haviil and Sarah (Mathias) ilusband. 
I'a\id Husband, a native of this county, was 
born June 5, 1S05, and was by occupation a 
farmer; lie also worked f(U' a number of years 
at the cooper tiade. For a nundjer of years he 
was the assessor of his township (East Huntim'- 
diin) and stood liigii in tiic estimation of all who 
knew hiiii, his character commanding the resjtect 
of all. He died November 20, 18S1. 

Samuel W. Husband received his education in 
the pidilic .sehiiols of his townslii|i niiil the Mt. 
Pleasant Institute. After leaving; schoul lie 


entered the army of pediigogues ami taiiglit the 
"young idea how to shoot," but after a single 
year's experienee in the school-room lie aban- 
doned the profession, Jioping to engage in some 
more congenial and liicralive oi:<-ii|iatioii. At 
the age of twenty-live years he went to Oberlin, 
Ohio, wliere he attended the school of telegrapiiy 
for several months and then returned home, re- 
maining there several years. In 1881 lie went 
to Newton, Illinois, where he stayed some six 
months assisting his brotlier in his business. 
Returning to Mt. Pleasant he entered the ser- 
vice of the 15. i.^ (). II. K. company, in which 
he has remained continuously since 1882, and 
now holds the responsible position of freight and 
ticket agent at Mt. Pleasant, wliere he is also 
agent for the U. S. express company. 

Samuel W. Husband was married February 
27, 1888, to Amanda, a daughter of Herman 
Christner, of Garrett, Somerset county. Pa., and 
they have one child, Benjamin, who was born 
November 15, 1888. 

eAPTAIN W. N. JORDAN, the popular 
burgess of Mt. Pleasant and one of the 
prominent citizens of that progressive 
borough, was born at Everett, Bedford county, 
Pa., November 9, 1827, and is a son of Samuel 
and Catharine (Myers) Jordan. Ilis parents 
were natives of Bedford county, Pa. Samuel 
Jordan, with his family, moved in 1840 from 
])cdl'ord to Somerset county, Pa., where he re- 
maineil for eight years and was engaged in 
farming. In 1818 he removed to Westmoreland 
county and settled in Mt. Pleasant township, 
where he resiued until liis death, which occurred 
in Mt. Pleasant borough in 1854. 

Captain William M. Jordan attended the ordi- 
nary schools of liis day and at thirteen years of 
age removed to Somerset county, where he 
worked on Ids father's farm until he was twenty 
years of age. Fiom 1847 to iHlil he was en- 
gaged in ti'aming, staging and foundry liusiness. 

On June 8, 18G1, he enlisted in Co. B, twenty- 
eighth reg., I'a. Vols., was elected first lieu- 
temmt and pronmted to the caj)taincy of Co. B, 
on May 1, 18()2. I lo was wounde(l at .\nli(!tam, 
also at (y'haneellors\ ille, and rcMigned nw aeecMint 
of disability in liH(j;i. In the same year he was 
a]ipointed by the Oovernment Horse Inspector, 
and was alternately stationed at Pittsburg, 
Albany, N. Y., and the eity of New York. 
In 18G5 he returnc'd to Mt. Pleasant and en- 
gaged in livery and selling and buying horses, 
(iov. deary appointed him notary piddie and 
he has held the appointment ever since. I'ur 
several years he has been elected to the ollice of 
burgess of Mt. Pleasant. For eight years he 
has been a member of the council and is at 
present the secretary of the same. 

On October G, 1858, he was married to Miss 
Belinda S., a daughter of William Teyman, of 
Somerset county. Pa. To their marriage have 
been born four children : May E., born June 9, 
1859, the widow of N. W. McMaster ; Jesse 
D. K., born July 19, 18G1 ; William T., born 
June 22, 18G4 (deceased); and Grace L., born 
December 18, 18GG. 

Capt. Jordan has made an excellent record as 
burgess of Mt. Pleasant, and has always rendered 
satisfaction in the various positions of trust and 
responsibility which he has held at dift'erent 
times. He is a protninent member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic and has been a delegate 
to six National Encampments. 

fAMUEL C. KELLEY, a self-made man 
and a prominent young lawyer of Mt. 
Pleasant, was born at Mt. Pleasant, Pa., 
on August 1, 1858, and is a son of Samuel and 
I\Iary ((Junningham) Kelley, who were natives 
of AVestmorehind county, Pa. Samuel Kelley 
(father) was a ]iracticing physician ; he was well 
and favorably known in Westmoreland county. 
He wiis born in Heaver county. Pa., in 1814, 
was edui.'ateil in llookstown, Pa., attended lee- 


tares at J(.'ft'cr.sou Medical College at Pliiladel- 
piiia, Pa. Ill IKGO lie einigrateil with liis family 
to Mor^autiiwii, W. Yn., where lie was ii|j|)uiiiic<l 
by the ;^overiiiiieiit Meilieal JiL\aiiiiiier and sta- 
tioned at (iraftoii, \\ . \a. lie died June 27, 
1S64, leaving a wife and si.v children in limited 

Samuel C. Kelley, at the age of nine years, 
left home and went to live with his uncle, John 
Chestnut, of Beaver county, Pa., where he re- 
mained five years. In 1873 he returned to 
Morgantown, attended the public schools of that 
place, and worked on the farm in summer to 
assist in the support of his mother and family. 
15y hard work and great perseverance he was 
enabled to enter the University of W .\'a. in 
1877, where he remained as a student for limr 
years, and was graduated from the law depart- 
ment in the class of 1881. lie was admitted 
to Monongalia (W. Va.) county bar on June 14, 
1881, and immediately entered into successful 
practice of the law. On April 3, 1882, he came 
to Pennsylvania and located at Mt. Pleasant, 
where he owns a fine home, has several thousand 
dollars in profitable investments and is other- 
wise well fixed and comfortably situated in life. 
By his assiduousness and close attention to his 
duties as an attorney he has gained the reputa- 
tion of ueing a safe and successful counsellor. 
lie gives considerable of his time to his criminal 
practice, is a good speaker and is making a good 
record as a lawyer. He is a member of the Dow 
Collecting Bureau and looks after the interests 
of five other collecting agencies. On November 
7tli, JSS,"), he was adiiiitti'd to practice before 
the Supreme cuurt of I'eiiiisylvaiiia, and is 
also a member of the Supreme court of West 
A'^irginia. Although he began to practice law in 
AVestmoreland county on borrowed capital he has 
been signally successful. He is an active and 
ardent republican, always ready to work in the 
interests of his party and is a strong advocate of 
temperance. His fidelity to the principles of his 
party has been duly appreciated by his friends, 

Avho have earnestly solicited him to become tlicir 

candidal!' fir the Lcgislaliiic, but he declined tho 
hoiinr, pnleiiiiig the |.iactice of law to the field 
of jiolitics. For four years he has served as 
school director of iiis borough and has always 
shown great interest in the advancement of 
education. He is Secretary of the Order of 
" I. O. II." and is also an active member of the 
"I. O. O. F." He is a member of the Bajitist 
church and takes quite an interest in Sunday 
school work; he is president of the Milk Can 
and Tin Ware Factory of Mt. Pleasant, Pa. 

On December 26, 1881, he was married to 
Letitia E., daughter of Uriah Hicko.K, of La- 
trobe. Their marriage has been blessed with 
two children : Charles II., born October 17, 
1882, and John Logan, born January 3, 1885. 

Among those who, upon the solid founda- 
tion of integrity, ability and enterprise 
have erected fine superstructures of moral, social 
and financial worth and who have been the 
" architects of their own fortunes," is Charles 
Larrison Kuhn, a skilled pharmacist and the 
leading druggist of Mount Pleasant. He was 
born August 19, 18.32, in the borough of 
Mount Pleasant, Westmoreland county. Pa., 
and is a son of James and Mary J. (Larrison) 
Kuhn. His paternal great-grandfather was born 
in Germany, but left the " Fatherland " and 
crossed the Atlantic to seek his fortune in the 
"new world." He laiid.;d on the .shores of 
America and settled in Pennsylvania at the 
age of fifteen years. George Kuhn (grand- 
father) was born December 2, 18U7, in the 
beautiful and historic Ligonier Valley, where 
he followed his trade of shoemaking, which 
was in early days more lucrative than the 
mercantile business. He married Sarah Peter- 
son, whose father removeil to this ^tate from 
Orange county, N. Y., about 1813. His son 
James Kuhn (father) is by trade a miller. 


' 'ii^ilp^l 

X ■■ 


wliicli ucciipatioii liu followed for nearly a quar- 
ter of a century. During this time, by strict 
attentiiiii to Inisinesti and careful investment of 
liis suviiij;.s, lie secured for iiiniself a competency 
Kulliciciit to fiialile iiiiu to retire from the active 
pursuit.-) of life, lie resides at Mount Pleas- 
ant, where he owns considerable real estate. He 
is a democrat in political faitii and a member of 
tlie liajitist ciiureh. 

Charles L. Kuhn, after leaving the public 
schools of Mount Pleasant, in which he received 
a good education, was CTuployeil for a time in 
the grocery business and then engaged in card 
painting in the city of Pittsburg, continuing in 
that work for about five years. lie returned to 
Mount Pleasant in 1872, and in 1875 engaged 
in the drug business. Entering the college of 
Pharniacy at Pittsburg, in 1878, he completed 
the course of study and graduated from that in- 
stitution in 1880. He is now proprietor of an 
excellent drug store, carrying about $5,000 
■worth of stock and owns valuable real estate in 
Mount Pleasant. Mr. Kuhn is one of the lead- 
ing young business men of the county, and his 
marked success has been due almost entirely to 
his own energy, care and good judgment. 

" Kiches are oft by guilt or b:isene5S eurneJ," 

but such an assertion can never be made to ap- 
ply to Mr. Kuhn, for his honesty and his honor 
are beyond question. True, he possesses ambi- 
tion, though not of the kind referred to by Mil- 
ton, when he says in Paradise Lost : 

"To reij^u ib WDitli ;ujiliitioii, tlioii;,'li in lioll ;" 

but rather that ambition which, as Addison 
says : 

" Pushes tlie soul to such actions aa are apt to procure 
honor and reputation to the actor." 

Charles L. Kuhn has been twice manied : his 
first wife was Catharine Shalfer, of this county, 
who died in 1875, the year of her marriage; he 
was again married in May, 187U, to Lizzie, a 
daughter of Samuel Mellinger, of Mount Pleas- 

ant township, this county, ai>d this union has 
been blessed with four children : Hoy, born Feb- 
ruary 7,1882; Cora, born April 23, 1884; 
Myrtle, born July 2:}, 1880, and Charles, born 
June 4, 1881). 

IL'l'ON SUTTON KUHN, an enter- 
1 / nrisintr drui'irist of Mount Pleasant, 
♦ Westmoreland county, I'a., was burn 
there February 15, 1857, and is a son of Jame.-j 
and Mary J. (Larrison) Kuhn. (For ancestral 
history see sketch of Charles r>. Kului). 

AL S. Kuhn received his education in the 
public schools of his native town and at Mount 
Pleasant Institute, where he took a course in 
Latin and chemistry. During the next six 
years he was engaged as clerk in the drug store 
of his brother, Charles L. Kuhn, and from 1881 
until 188-j he was with his father, James Kuhn, 
in the grocery and queensware business at 
Mount I'leasant. In March, 188U. he pur- 
chased the drug store of Josiah Strickler, and 
ever since that time has been successfully con- 
ducting the business in all its branches. Mr. 
Kuhn is a member of Logan Council, No. 145, 
Jr. 0. U. A. M., and is one of the bright 
young business men of Mount Pleasant. He is 
a descendant of one of the early settled families 
of the county — a family whose members have 
always maintained a high standing among their 

•j'OIIN LYTLE KYLE, a native of Frank- 
■■ji' lin county. Pa., was born April 24, 1834, 
\^ and is a son of William and Jane (Lytle) 
Kyle. His grandfather was a native of Ireland, 
immigrated to the United States in early lift; and 
settled in Franklin county. Pa. \Villiam Kyle 
(father) was born December 8, 1805, and was 
by trtide a saddle and harness maker, but de- 
voted part of his time and attention to the super- 
vision of work on a farm until the fall of 1840, 

liiin;i!Al'iiil-:s of 

wluMi ho inovoil with liis t'aiiiiiy to limlili^^toii, j 
Lnv;i, wlifix' lir ilicl .luno 'Jtl, IS 17. 

,l:inc Kyle ( di.'d Sp|.IcmiIici- 1 I ol'llic 
Ulnar yciir ; llir liiiiiily rcliniicil lu IVicinls in i 
\V(-;liii(iirhiiiil iMiiuly. j 

John L. Kvle attfiulud the public schoul.s of 
liis luitivo county and worked on ;i t'uiiu until j 
sixteen years of age, when he located at (ireens- 
buriT, tliis county, where lie learned the trade of 
carriaco builder with Adam Stark & Son, at 
which he worked for some time. February 1, 
18(5:2, he enlisted in Co. K, eleventh reg., Pa. 
Vols, and served three years and live mouths, 
receivini' in 186.5 a promotion to first lieutenant. 
During his whole service he was with the Army 
of the Potonuic and ]iarticipated in the battles 
in which that army was engaged. At the bat- 
tle of Gettysburg he was taken prisoner but 
escaped before the close of that memorable fight. 
When the war ended he returned to Grecnsburg 
and resumed work at his trade. In 1870 he re- 
m<ived to Mount Pleasant where he continued in 
his chosen occupation, lie is a member of 
Philanthropy Lodge, No. 225, A. Y. M., and 
of Urania Chapter, No. 1U5, II. A. Masons, 
both of Grecnsburg : he also belongs to Mount 
Pleasant Lodge, No. 1!I8, A. O. U. W., and 
has for thirty-si.x years been a member of the 
M. I'i. church. 

John L. Kyle was married Ajiril lo, 1858, 
to Kmily, a daughter of the late Joseph Har- 
vey, of Harvey's Five Points, Salem township, 
this county. The fruits of their union are foui- 
children : Teresa, who now resides in Cawnpore, 
India ; Fannie and JNIaggie, who reside with 
their parents in Mount Pleasant, and Joseph II. 
Kyle, who died September 30, 1871. 

•{•OHN-D. LEONARD, one of those who 
'f' were wounded in the terrible battles of the 
(gj Wilderness and an industrious citizen of 
1\U. I'leasant, was born in Ue(lford county. Pa., 
May 8, 1812, and is a son of John and Harbara 

(Sniouse) liconard. His grandfather, John 
Leonaicl, Sr., was boni and reariMJ in Adams 
eounly. Pa., where he continued to reside as long 
as he lived. He was an old whig, a member of 
the (!albolic eliureh and was a -^biij earpenler liy 
trade. His iiialernal grandi'atber, .Smouse, 
was a native of Germany. He immigrated to. 
America and settled in Hlair county, this State, 
where he liveil until his death. He was a farm, 
and day-laborer and was a democrat in political 

His father, John Leonard, was born in Ailams. 
county about 1812. He was a day laborer, an 
old line whig, an earnest member of the Catholic 
church, and died in in Bedford county, to which 
he had removed from Adams county. He was 
twice married. His first wife having died he 
afterwards married Barbara Smouse, by whom, 
he had seven sons and five daughters, four of 
these sons entered the Union service during the 
late war : John D., Jerome who enlisteil in Co. 
E, fifty-fifth reg.. Pa., A'ols. in 18U1 was im 
many hard battles and died in 18G1 from 
wounds received in front of Petersburg ; Adam,, 
who went out in 18G3 and served till the close 
of the war, and Henry, who enlisted in 18G2 in, 
Co. E., one hundred and thirty-eighth reg.. Pa., 
Vols., and participated in all the battles of the 
army of the Potomac from that time on until it 
was disbanded. John D. Leonanl received his 
education in the common schools and then 
learned the trade of plasterer. In 1S()2 he 
enlisted in Co. E, oneliundred and thirty-eightli 
rec., Pa., Vols., and served until 18G5. lie 
was in the battles of Brandy Station, Mine Run 
and the Wilderness fights, in one of which he 
was wounded in the shoulder and was disabled 
entirely from active service during the remain- 
der of the war. In 18G5 he returned home and 
resumed his trade of plastering which he has fol- 
lowed ever since. In 18(i8 ho moved to .Mt. 
Pleasant where he has continued to reside till, 
the present time. 

He was united in marriage with Louise Cold- 


sniitli, II (luiij^litcr of Joliii ColilMiiith, uf Mt. 
rii'iisiint. Tlicy liavc.bccn l\w iiaieiils of fi;j;lit, 
cliildron : \Villi;ini, Heath, (k'cea.scd ; Ivlgar, 
dead ; I'llla, deceased ; Miiiiiiu, Marv, lailii and 

Jului 1). Leonard was originally a ro]iulilicau 
but is now a prohibitionist. Ho is a ineiubcr of 
the IJaptist church, Moss Rose Lodge, No. 350, 
I. (). of 0. F., Council No. 5'J2, Royal Arcanum 
and (J rand Army of tlie Repulilic. 

•jjpULIUS LEWY, one who has conducted 

J large business enterprises in Germany and 
Sweden and who is now a prominent busi- 
ness man of Mt. Pleasant, was b<iru at Tessin, a 
town in the Grand Duciiy of Mecklenburg- 
Schweriii, Germany, April 11, 1834, and is a 
son of lleinman and Henrietta (Nathanson) 
Lewy. lleinman Lewy was born in ll'Jl and 
at si.\ years of age lost his father, but his 
mother, a spirited and intelligent woman, placed 
him at a first-class school where he received a 
good practical education. At sixteen yehrs of 
age he entered into his first and important busi- 
ness enterprise, which was no less than the con- 
tract to supply the French army, then encamped 
at I'essin, with certain kinds of i)ruvisions — 
especially cheese. YuungLewv, finding cheese 
a scarce article in his own ducliy, went to the 
Province of Holstein, a distance of four hundred 
miles, where lie secured a large quantity of 
chc'cse and had it conveyed by a large number of* 
si.x horse teams to Tessin. The business push 
that he exhibited in this insfcince secured him 
the confidence of the public, and in fulfilling his 
army contract he laid the foundation of his sub- 
sequent successful business career. His next 
enterprise and the main business of his life was 
wool-dealing aJ; Tessin. He bought and sold 
wool on a large scale, purchasing large quanti- 
ties and sold it to the leading markets of Sweden. 
lie was also engaged in the dry goods business. 
Julius Lewy received his rudimentary educa- 

tion in the gymnasium at Gistrow, where he re- 
mained tor two yeais. He then returned home 
and was jdaced under the care of a celebrated 
private tutor for three years. At thirteen years 
of age he was [jjaced in a dry goods .store where 
he served an apprenticeship of four years, and 
as was the custom of that country he received at 
the expiration of his fourth year a sum of gold 
equivalent to one hundred dollars of United 
States money. At the expiration ofliis term of 
service he returned home well prejjared and 
fully qualified to enter on and assume the re- 
sponsible duties of manager and purchaser in his 
father's dry goods establishment. This position 
he held for ten years. At the end of this jieriod 
of active and successful service he juircliased the 
store of his father and conducted it for four 
years, when he sold out in order to embark in 
a business enterprise in Sweden. In 18<j6 he 
and his brother removed to that country, where 
they engaged in business at Norrkoping as deal- 
ers in wool and dye stuffs for the manufacture of 
cloth. They continued with fair success in 
business for three years. In 18G9 Jujius Lewy 
proceeded to Hamburg where he opened an office 
as broker in wool and pelts. After two years 
residence in that free city of North Germany he 
sailed in March, 1871, for New York city and 
landed in the ensuing month of Aj)ril. He soon 
secured a position as bark inspector at a tannery 
situateil in the interior of the Empire State 
where he remained for over two years. In 
August, 1873, Mr. Lewy came to Mt. Pleasant 
which he had previously selected as a favorable 
point for business, and where he became a 
dealer in wool and hides. He also embarked in 
the clothing business and successfully pursued 
these two lines of business for ten years. In 
1883 he engaged in his present prosperous en- 
terprise, that of manufacturer of foundry 

On October 1, 1876, he married Anilia Oct- 
tinger of Baltimore, Maryland. She died in 
June, 1881, and left one child, Harry Lewy, 


born October 4, 1879. Mr. Lowy was re-miir- 
rioil Juno, 1883, to Nannie Ijundcckcr, of Now 
York city. 

.luliiis LcNvy i.s ;i nienibor of the Ki)yiil 
ArcMMuni, Ancient Order of United Woiknicn 
and Kniglits of Honor. lie manufactures foun- 
dry facings of first-class quality and fine finisli, 
and ships tliem in large quantities both cast and 
west, lie is active and energetic and is well 
(|Uali(ied to manage large and inqiurtant liusiness 


K. J. A. L0A15, a skillful dentist and 
line of Weslmciieland cdunty's ln'.^l icnown 
[uiblic-spirited men, was born January 1 1, 
1842, in Waynesburg, Green county, I'a. He 
was educated at Waynesburg college, and at the 
ago of seventeen years began the reading of 
medicine with his father, the weil-kiii)\vn l)r. 
ApoUos Loar, of Waynesburg, I'a. In 18G() 
he joined his father, who had moved to Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and eritered the Medical college at 
that city, but after three months abandoned his 
studies and engaged in carpentry, at which he 
worked two and one-half years. J. A. Loar was 
a member of the National Guard of Ohio from 
18G1 until 1864, when, upon President ] Jncoln's 
call for volunteers to serve one hundred days he 
enlisted in the 138th reg., Ohio infantry, and 
served four months in the Army of the Potomac, 
being discharge<l at the end of that time. lie 
then went to the State of Indiana where he 
studied dentistry for two years, and in the fall 
of 18G6 moved to Westmoreland county. Pa. 

In March, 1806, he was married at Greens- 
burg to Miss Ilattie Gross, who was a daughter 
of Joseph Gross, of Greensburg, at that time 
clerk of the courts of Westmoreland county. 

Dr. Lo;V' located at Mt. Pleasant, where he 
has suect'ssluUy [n-aeticed iii.s chosen profession 
for iwentv-two ycar.s and liuiit up a I'eputatioli 
fur skill and reliahility second to none in the 
county. Dr. J. A. Loar is a prominent iiiendjcr 

and Past Commander of Robert Warden Post, 

No. 163, (i. A. li., and also of the N. G. of 
I'a., in which he served si.\ years as first .sergeant 
(Jo. li., Mt. Ph'asant, three year.s as adjutant 
and the same length of time as ([uartermastcr of 
the tenth reg.; he is now in theservice as captain 
of Co. E, teiitii reg., dischai-ging hi.s variou.s 
duties with credit to himself and entire satisfac- 
tion to his company and sujierior officers. Such 
is his worth that when with electric speed the 
news of the ".Johnstown hoi'ror " spread over 
the land and men of action and judgment were 
needed, Dr. J. A. Loar was selected and ap- 
))ointed by J. L. Spangler, assistant commissary 
general of N. (J. of Pa., to take charge of Post 
Commi.ssary No. 1, and for si.\ long weeks he so 
faithfully discharged the duties assigned him that 
he afterwards received the thanks and commenda- 
tions of his superior officers through Lieut. (Jol. 
and Asst. Commissai'y (ien. Spangler. Dr. 
Loar is a charter member and secretary of Mt. 
Plca.sant Council, No. 5U2, Iloyal Arcanum, and 
belongs to Mt. Pleasant Lodge, No. 1U8, A. 0. 
U. W. and Past Grand of Moss Rose Lodge, 
No. 850, I. 0. 0. F. He has served as burgess 
of the borough of Mt. Pleasant, as councilman 
for three years and is now the borough treasurer. 
Dr. and Mrs. J, A. Loar have had four chil- 
dren : Byron Melville, Apollos Gross, Emma 
and Myrtle. ()f these, the two last mentioned 
have been removed from earth by the " grim 
reaper," and are now hapjiy in the bright 
" Beulah land " beyond the skies and the corus- 
catinjr stars. 

M^r perous merchant and well-known citizen 
^^ of 51 1. Pleasant, is a son of Jesse and 
Eliza (Landis) Long and was born near Berlin, 
Somerset county, Pa., September 23, 1848. His 
patciiial grandfather owned nine hundred acres 
of land in Sonu'iset county. Pa., wliere he also 
was pro])riet<ir and operator of a large distillery. 


His iiiatciiKil graiulFiitlicr was a iiaiivo iif the 
above iiicntiuiiecl county and o\un.d a large lariii 
and a llouriiig-niill. Jesse Long (fatlier) was a 
wellloilo Somerset county fainier and a leading 
tearlier in liis section ol'botli and ( icniian. 
He was frciiuenlly entrusted with cmuity and 
township ollices by his fellow citi/.ens and served 
as county commissioner, poor-house director, 
school director and justice of the peace. 

Zachary Taylor Long attended the common 
schools until tw enty years of age and then took 
a full year's course at Normal school. Leaving 
school, he engaged in farming with his father for 
five years and then became manager of a steam 
saw-mill in Somerset county, Pa. In 1878 he 
removed to Westmoreland county, where he was 
employed at the coke works of H. C. Frick kQo. 
for four years. In 188"i h<? was elected and 
served for one year as high constable and chief 
of police and tax cullcctor of Mt. I'leasant. (Jne 
year later he enibarked in the dry goods and 
grocery business at Mt. I'leasant. From a 
small beginning he has built up a good trade and 
is daily increasing the number of his customers. 

On January 4, l.'^TO, Mr. Long was united in 
marriage witli Carrie !''. l)(irMcr, of Clumberland, 
Md. They have one child: Albert I!., born 
July ti, LST-i. 

Zachary T. Long is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. He is a good 
business nuin and an intelligent citizen. Ue is 
a member of the Evangelical Lutheran church 
and the present supci inlendent nf its Sunday 

"jiv Pleasant, was born ^lay ti, 1848, in Mc. 
Kees[)iirt, Allegheny ccjunty, Pa., and is 
a son of Alfted (i.aml Mary (( uoss) .Marsh. 
His grandf\ther ^Lirsli was born near West 
Newton, Westmoreland county, and was by 
occupation a farmer. He was one of the old 
citizens of the county, having served as a soldier 

in the second war with (Ireat Pritain, known as 
tbo war of l.Slli. Ju.-,e|>h (maternal 
grandfather), was for some time a nierchaut at 
New SlanlcMi, and whiht then; was elected pro- 
thonolaiy ol' We-^lMioreland louiily on the ileno;- 
cratic ticket. He then removecl lu (ireensburg, 
and was afterward elected cleik of the courts of 
the same county ; be dieil several years ago. 
Alfred G. Marsh (father) was born in Sewickley 
township, this county, and in the earlier part of 
his life was employed on steam boats plying on 
the Monongahela, Ohio and .Mississippi rivers. 
Later he settled at McKeesport, Allegheny 
county, after which he located at Mt. Pleasant, 
where he taught school for a short time, then 
moved to Greensburg, where he served as justice 
of the peace, and also has been engaged as clerk 
in the various oilices of this county for a long 
time, and at ])resent is residing at Greensburg, 
being about sixty-five years of age; his wife 
was RLiry, a daughter of Josej)h Gross, and 
she, too, is living at the age of about sixty-two. 
Florence L. Marsh was reared at Greensburg, 
where he received his education in the public 
and academic schools. On Se]itember 14. 1^'J4, 
wdu;n only sixteen years nf age, he enlisted in 
Co. K, 'Jllth regt., Pa. \'ols. as sergeant and 
remained in the service until the close of the 
war, participating in the tight at Ft. Steadman 
and in the last battle in front of Petersburg 
before Lee's surrender : he served in the division 
eoniinanded by ^Lijor-General John F. Hartrauft. 
Li 18l).\ at the age of seventeen, be began 
to read medicine with Dr. Robert ]5rown, of 
Greensburg, remaining with him till I8ii0, 
when he entered JetVerson Medical college at 
Philadelphia, from which well-known institution 
he graduated March 11, 1808. Returning to 
Westmoreland county ])r. F. L. ^hu'sh began 
the ]iractice of his jirofession at ^hldison, but 
after si.x months removed to Retlianv, same 
county, and remained there one year. In 1870 
he went to Mt. Pleasant, where he has been ever 
since, and is now among the leading physicians 



in tli;it ]iart of the t'ouiity. IIu kue|).s abreast of 
the times ami is recognized by liis nieilicai bretli- 
ren as a leader in tlie profession. Dr. Marsli has 
Ijeen remarkably successful in his practice, wiiich 
is both largo and lucrative; he has a fine medi- 
cal library and is a diligent student of everything 
pertaining to greater eiHciency and usefulness in 
his practice. lie is a member of tiie Westmore- 
land County Medical Society, the State Medical 
Society and the American Medical Association, 
at whose meetings he is a regular attendant. In 
these societies and in medical discussions Dr. 
Marsh takes groat interest and from them re- 
ceives many useful hints and ideas and much 
beneficial information. Born with grit and 
brains he has labored with diligence and perse- 
verance, pausing not in his upward march but 
pressing on and on, with implicit conlidenee in 
the ancient adage, " Labor oiiinid viiicit." 

Dr. F. L. Marsh, on October ;"), ISIJO, was 
luiitcd in marriage witji Margaret Spiegel, of 
East Huntingdon twwnsliip, a daughter of Will- 
iam Spiegel and a sister of Jacob H. Spiegel, 
who is a well-known atturney and who was 
formerly for two terms superintendent of the 
^Vestmoreland county schools. Dr. and Mrs. 
^larsh are the parents of five children : Edward 
Brown, born June 23,1870: William Alfred, 
born March 23, 1872; liabe Ferguson, liorn 
December 18, 1875; Mary Leoua, born Febru- 
ary 24, 188;') ; and John McMillan (deceased), 
born January 9, 1878; died January 2, 1881. 
Dr. Marsh is a member of the Uoyal Arcanum, 
tlie .Vncient Older uf United AVorkmen, the 
I'resbyterian church, and the Grand Army of 
the Republic, in which he has been surgeon of 
Dost No. 103 ever since its ortranizatiou. 

•f-OlIN DiCKEY McCALEB was born Au- 

I'gust 4, 1824. ill Salem township, AVeslmore- 

(zJ land county, I'a., and is a son of John and 

Sarah (llosack) MeCaleb. James McCaleb, his 

grandfather, was a native of Scotland but came 

to America and settled in Salem township near 
the present town of Delmont. John Mc(Jaleb, 
one of his sons, was born August 4, 1824, in 
Salem township, and devotctl thirty years of his 
lifelolhe prolessionid' teaching. Jledied inl8;'j(). 

John D. Mc(!aleb received his education in 
the subscription schools of his day. When only 
ten years of age he left the parental roof to 
work on the farm of Maj. Kean, where he re- 
mained three years. After two years on other 
farms he went to Mt. Pleasant and was there 
employed for ten years as clerk in stores, seven 
years of this time being with Sherrick & Braden. 
In 18r)l ho engaged in mercantile business on 
his own account and successfully carried it on 
until 18Gtj. He was postmaster during 1807 
and 18t3S, and again from 1870 to 1887. In the 
latter year lie was elected justice of the peace 
for the borough of Mt. Bleasaiit, which ollice he 
now holds, doing in connection therewith a real 
estate business. He was for some time also 
interested in the foundry business and other 
mercantile jdirsuits outside of his store. He is 
a member of the Presbyterian church and is 
an upright, conscientious man. 

John Dickey Mc(Jaleb was married in August, 
1851, to Sarah, a daughter of Joseph Sherrick, 
of East Huntingdon township, and they have 
four children : J. Sherrick, a banker at (Jon- 
nellsville, Pa. ; AVilliam 1!., supervisor of the 
eastern division P. U. 11. ; Ella and Ellie. 

^ MFll JUDSON McELWEE, a leading 
^Sj* druggist of Mt. Pleasant, was born in 
Franklin Square, Columbiana county, 
Ohio, April 9, 1845, and is a son of Thomas and 
Susan (Robertson) McEhvee. His grandfather 
McElwee was of Scotch-Irish extraction and a 
native of Scotland, who came to the United States 
in the early part of tlie ]iresciit century and settled 
in New Jersey, where his son 'I'homas Mcl'^lwce 
was born Octoiicr ',*, 1800. When quite young 
the latter left New Jersey, crossed the AUeglie- 



iiics and sottlcil in Ohio, wliorc lio Wiis oiio of 
tlio j)i<ini'or.s of Colimiliiiiiiii county, and wlieru 
lie died July 111, 1.S70. His wifo, Susan Mc- 
I'llwiT, wiiii.M(,' iiiiiidcM niiiiio WMM KolicrtHon, was 
born near Now ( 'asl.ic, l,a\M'fncu ciiiiiity, I'a. 

Eincr J. IMcKlwuo attcndoii tlio country 
schools of his native phicc, and after losinj^ his 
mother hy tleath, at the age of eiglit years went 
to the village of Columbiana, where he lived 
with his uncle and attended the public schools. 
In the fall of 18(31 he entered Mt. Union col- 
lege, but left in the following January to enter 
the service of the Federal government, then 
making gigantic eft'orts to crush the Rebellion. 
On January 6, 18G2, he enlisted as a private in 
Co. B, ftirty-third reg., Ohio Vols. He served 
with his regiment for three years and si-\ 
months, particijiating in the battles of New 
Madrid, Mo., Corinth, luka Springs, Miss., 
and all the engagements in which the sixteenth 
and seventeenth Corps took part, being along 
with Sherman on his famous march to the sea. 
At the battle of Atlanta. Ga., ho was slightly 
wounded ; he served six months of the time 
he was in the army as hospital steward. His 
lirst enlistment was for three years, and on 
January 1, 1864, he re-enlisted as a veteran 
and was finally discharged honorably in July, 
ISIiTj. Several appointments as a non-cuin- 
missioned ollleer wimc oll'ered him Ijiit he refused 
them all. After the close of the war he en- 
tered the college of Pharmacy at Saint Louis, 
Mo., wlicre he prepalcd hiiusrif tor liis clidseii I 
prut'e.ssion, and tVoni ISdT to 1S77 tilled many i 
positions as drug elerk in JUinois, Missouri, | 
Ohio and reiinsylvania. In 1S77 ho came to ■ 
AVestumreland eniinty and located at Mt. I'leas- [ 
ant, where he engaged in the drug business. | 
He has a lino store there, carries five or si.x j 
thousaiul dollars worth of stock and has a large ! 

and exi'ellcnl iiatronaixc lie is a man of I'ood 

. . . . 

business :iiid social (pialilies, and in polities is a I 

b(Tie\erih the^ prineiph's and measures of the 

Democratic party. i 

Emer Jud.son McElwee, on the twenty-third 
of Janiniry, 1877, was united in marriage with 
Mrs. Mary ((Jarrol) Murphy, of Brinton, Al- 
legheny county, I'a., and the fruits of their union 
ar(! lour children: Annie May, born March H, 
1878; John McMillan, Augusts, 18 '1; James 
Carrol, November 20, 1882, and Mabel Jenkins, 
January 23, 1885. 

E. J. McEhvee is u member of the Odd 
Fellows, Royal Arcanum, A. 0. U. ^V., Hep- 
tasophs, and for more than twelve years has been 
identified with the Presbyterian church at Mt. 

E. J. McElwee is one of the most popular 
drujigists of the county. His thorough knowledge 
of his profession, his careful and conscientious 
handling of all prescri])tions intrusted to him, 
his strict integrity in all liis business transactions, 
has gained for him an excellent reputation both 
with the physicians and public. 

MBROSE H. MYERS, M. D., of Mt. 
Pleasant, is entitled to the honor of 
having presided at the lirst ilag presenta- 
tion ever made by a secret society to a common 
school, when Logan Council, N(). 115, Junior 
Order of United .Vmerican Mechanics, piesented 
a very beautilul and costly Unitetl States ll.ig to 
the public schools at Mt. J'leasant. J)r. Myers 
was born in Burnsido townshiji, Cleariichl county, 
Pa., April 24, 1855. His parents, Luther and 
Margaret (Loveleee) Myers, \\ere natives of 
Pennsylvania and the former was a well known 
farmer and luinberman of Clearfield county. 
'J"he doctor's paternal ami maternal grandfather; 
were both born in the ■•Keystone State," where 
they lived and died. 

l)r. A. 11. Myers received his education in 
common and select schools and Purchase I/in^ 
academy of Indiana eouiity. Pa. .Vt seveiilee\ 
years of agi? he eonimeiii-ed tin' stinlv of iiiedi 
cine with l)r. A. II. .Mli-oii, of Indiana county, 
this State, but only lead with him I'oi- (Jiic year. 

Bioan.ii'iiiKs OF 

lie tliou went to Clariuii county, wliere he com- 
pleted with Dr. T. Iv Lewis the rec|uireil course 
of reading necessary then to practice nuMiicine 
in I'ennsylvunia. lu IMTM lie went to Mcl\ean 
county, I'a., wiiere he ])i-actiee(l i'or two years 
and then attendetl lectures at the Medical Uni- 
versity of Haltiniore, Md., from which lie grad- 
uated in the class of 1880. From 1880 to 1885 
he practiced his profession with good success at 
^leehaniishiirg, Tmiiana county. Pa. In Octo- 
ber, 1885, he renuned to ^It. Pleasant and has 
secured a very good practice. 

Dr. Myers was married on June G, 1878, to 
Annie L. Moore, daughter of James Moore, of 
near lirookviile, Jell'erson county. Pa. They 
have one child, who is named xVmbrose II., Jr., 
and was born on Washington's birthday, 18S1. 

Dr. Myers is an earnest advocate of placing 
the " Stars and Stripes " in every school-room 
in the United States. He is a member of the 
Reformed church, Moss Rose Lodge, No. 350, 
I. (). (). F., Arcana Lodge, No. 413, Knights 
of Pythias. Mt. Pleasant Conclave, No. 173, 
Improved Order of Ileptasophs, and Logan 
Council, No. 1 15, Jr. (). U. A. M., and repre- 
sented his council in 18S8, also in 1889 at the 
State Council of tlie last named }irominent Or- 
der, and if living will" represent it in ^Villiams- 
port in 18'J0. He is a niendjer of the joint 
committee from Jr. <). U. A. M. and (_). U. A. 
JI., whose object it is to bring about a union of ] 
the two orirani/.ations. 


Pleasant, Westmoreland county, Pa., 
was licirn near there on the 4tli of 
January, 1 8"2(i, and is the only son of Samuel 
an<l Rachel (Borland) Neel. lie is of pure 
Irish origin, his ancestors on both sides having 
been natives of north Ireland, whence they 
immigrated to America, settling in Penn- 
sylvania ]irior to the Itcvolutionary war. On 
the paternal side John Ncel, Sr., came from 

Erin and located in Cumberland (now Dauphin) 
county, where he dieil October 7, 17'.li!. His 
children were : .lohn, William, Robert, James, 
Margaret Cochran, Jane Clark, I'Jeanor Simp- 
son anil Agnes Fleming. Two of his sons, John 
and \Villiam, crosseil the Allegheny mountains 
about 1770 and settled near the site of Mt. 
Pleasant, where they married two sisters of Sam- 
uel Warden, who was living on the Warden farm 
one mile west of the jiresent borough of Mt. 
Pleasant. John Neel, the grandfather of Wil- 
liam B. Neel, married Mai-garct War<len, the 
elder of these sisters, on the 23d of May, 1775, 
and they reared a family of seven children, 
three sons and four daughters: Robert, John, 
Samuel, Eleanor Vance, Margaret, Andrew, Mar- 
tha Tittle and Mary Thompson. Their first home 
was a small round log cabin. In church history 
he is spoken of as one of the first Presbyterian 
elders west of the mountains, and he was one of 
the six that held the first meeting of I'edstone 
Presbytery at Pigeon creek, Pa., September 10, 
1781. One of his sons, Samuel Neel, inherited 
part of the home farm upon which he was born 
and lived until his death. His birth occurred in 
1785 and he died October :28, iSCrl, leaving 
him the i-ecord of a jieac-el'ul, ([uiet and well- 
spent life. He was a well-to-do firmer, owning 
a tract of one hundred and seventy acres near 
Mt. Pleasant, and in politics was a whig from 
Gen. Jackson's second election to the formation 
of the Republican party, when he became a mem- 
ber of that organization. 

Like his father he was an elder in the Pres- 
byterian church. lie was first married April 
1, 1812, to Ruth Jack, by whom he had tw& 
children : Lucinda Lytic and Rev. J. J. Neel, 
wdio died February 10, 1852, aged thirty-three 
years. Ruth Neel died in 1819, and on the 25th 
of June, 1822, Samuel Neel was again united in 
marriage with Rachel Borland, whose fiither, 
Samuel Borland, came from Ireland to America 
and settled in '• The Manor," AVestmorelanJ 
county, Pa., where he followed the i upation of 

1 ^y^97yfyy. 


]\ icsTMu n i:la M) co unty. 


faniiiiig. lie, too, was a prcsbylrriaii ; lii.s wilo 
was Lyilia (Iri'gi;, wlio was burn in Winclicstur, 
Yii., wlicucL'^lie i-ciiiovud to Ik'dforii, I'a. 'J'Ik'Io, 
ill her voiiili ■~^lii' 'isccl lo limit the cows in tlic 
vioinily ol llio .s|irih;;H wiiicli Inivr hiiii-i' licroiiu' 
liiu laiiious ■' watciiiij^ place. " 'I'o this iiiiioii 
with Iviicliul J<orkin<l were born lour chililreii : 
W. li. Nuel, Lydia G. Neel, liuth Shiolds and 
Margaret A. Neel, tlio latter of wliuin died No- 
vember -8, 188i. After an earnest and cheer- 
ful life Uachel Neel died November U, 1S7-, in 
tiie eighty-fifth year of her age. 

William B. Neel as a farmer's son was reared 
to agricultural ])ursuits and received a fair edu- 
cation, considering the character of the subscrip- 
tion schools of those days. Having left school 
he at once engaged in farming, which he has 
followed ever since, and now holds title to four 
hundred acres of fertile and valuaide land ad- 
joining Mt. Pleasant, including the old home- 
stead farm of his grandfather, John Neel, Jr. 
He has engaged in the coke business and has 
always been identified with every leading enter- 
prise of his locality. He was one of the organi- 
zers, in 181)5, of the First National bank of Mt. 
Pleasant. Hcsides real estate in Mt. Pleasant 
Mr. Neel owns shares in valuable coal lands in 
West A'irginia, and is one of the successful and 
progressive business men of the county. In 
jjolilies he is a republican and in religious mat- 
t^'rs adheres to the doctrines of the Presbyterian 
ebiiifli, the denomination of his ancestors I'or 
geiiiial inns barb. lie has .scr\ cd iiis low n^-biji 
as siluMil diii'clor over ten yt'ars, and has iinii 
a director of the First National iiauk of Mt. 
Pleasant, for a quarter of a century. Honora- 
ble in business, prompt in action, intelligent in 
his views and exemplary in life, he is a citizen 
of whom his native county may be justly proud. 

On Chnstmas day, 1805, William B. Neel 
was united in marriage with Nancy J., a daugh- 
ter of the late Nathaniel Hurst, a prominent 
citizen (if l''ayettc county. Pa. Nine children 
were tiie i'ruits of this union : John Jack, who 

married Amy L. Hunter, (.)ct.;ber ',i, IHHK; 
Mary, who died h'ebruary (J, 18(JU; an infant 
son, who died November 13, 18G0 ; Nathaniel 
11., did April tl, lS(i-J; Samuel, Hiichel, Klia, 
May, Surah II., uimI I'niiiL II., who died .April 
I, 1H77. 

M. \).. of descent and 
a leading and popular physician of Mt. 
Pleasant, was born at (ialitzin, (,'ambria county, 
Pa., October 21, 1861. He is a son of Henry 
W. and Rebecca (Bateraan) Plotner, the former 
a native of Centre county. Pa., now engaged in 
the drug business at Wilmore, Cambria county, 
Pa., and whose parents emigrated from Germany 
to the United States and located in Centre 

W. S. Plotner attended the public schools at 
AV'ilmore until he wa.s fourteen years of age when 
he commenced the study of telegraphy. After 
becoming a telegraph operator he was employed 
in that line of work for seven and one-half years 
by the Pennsylvania railroad company. While 
serving as an operator he still continued to juose- 
cute his literary studies and received instruction 
for one year from Rev. W. H. Settlemire and 
two years from Rev. J. J. Kerr, both Lutheran 
ministers. In J^atin he was instructed by Rev. 
Father il.H.Mcllugh. At eighteen years of 
age he chose the profession of mediciiii; and com- 
menced a course of study under the tutelage of 
Dr. Irving Mlaisdell, of Wiliinn-e, Pa. lie at- 
leiideil lectures at tiie Western Pennsylvania 
Medical college where he was graduated March 
2-, 1888, first in his class and was valedictorian. 

On October 22, 1884, Dr. Plotner was united 
in marriage to Margerie Beswiek, of Manor 
station. They have two children : Lois A'era, 
born September 17, 1885, and Frank W., iMay 
22, 1888. 

After graduation Dr. Plotner oi)ened his 
present oflice in Mt. Pleasant April 1, 18S8, 
and by devotion to his jirofession has won a large 

^1^'.^■VA•,V 1 

BlOaitAl'mKS OF 

and constantly increasing practice. He is a 
member of tiie Chosen Friends and K. of 1'. He 
is a member of the Methodist Episcojial chundi 
and is liighly esteoinud in tlie wide circle of liis 

|r\ OBERT RAMSAY. Many there are 
1^ who, after scores of years in tliis hmd of 
V*) privileges and opportunities, join the 
silent majority and upon their graves are erected 
costly monuments of marble, bronze or granite 
to preserve their remembrance unto future gen- 
erations, but not a few there are who need no 
sculptured marble, " no storied urn or animated 
bust" to preserve their memory from oblivion; 
they build their own monuments of ability and 
worth — monuments more sacred and more en- 
during than brazen columns or colossal statues 
of adamantine rock. 

An example of this class of men is Robert 
Ramsay, a skillful engineer and superintendent 
of the Standard coke works. He was born six- 
teen miles northwest of Edinburgh, near Dun- 
fermline, county of Fife, Scotland, October 23, 
1840, and is a son of William and Elizabeth 
(Sharp) Ramsay, both natives of Scotland. His 
parents first came to the United States in ISfyl, 
and after a residence here of four years tiiey re- 
turned to the land of their birth. In 186-J, how- 
ever, they immigrated a second time to this coun- 
try and settled at Larrimer, Westmoreland 
county, Pa. The father died on April 10, 1885, 
and the mother August 13, 1889, and both were 
buried in Shafton cemetery, same county. 

Robert Uiuusay is a miner as was his father, 
but at an eiirly ago he gave ]ir()inise Dl'engiiieer- 
ing ability and embraced every ojiportunity to 
improve himself with a view of adopting that 
profession. Shortly after immigrating w^ith his 
parents to this country the second time he 
worked at the machinist trade, then worked in 
the mines on the Monongahela river, and in 1865 
wont to Shafton, Westmoreland county, whore 

he became winding engineer for the Shafton 
Coal Company. His services were so satisfactory 
that he was given charge of the mine and 
machinery, and in 1870 was advanced to the 
jiosition of superintendent of the company, which 
he held for eleven years. He then served as su- 
perintendent and engineer at the Monastery coke 
works of the Carnegie bi'others until he removed 
to Mt. I'leasant in 1883 to take charge of the 
Standard mines, where he has remained up to 
the present time, I8il0. 

On January 4, 18lJl, Robert Ramsay was 
united in marriage with Janet Erskine, a 
daughter of William and Margaret (White) 
Erskine, of Elgin colliery, near Dunfermline. 
They have twelve children, eight sons and four 
daughters : William, Erskine, Robert, Jr., Mor- 
ris, John, Charles, Andrew, George, Margaret, 
Lizzie, Janet and Mary. Like their father the 
sons as they grow up tnke to the engineering 
profession ; the second son, Erskine, is chief 
mining engineer at the I'ratt mines near Rir- 
mingham, Alabama. 

Robert Ramsay and his wife in religion are 
Prcsbyterian-s and members of the Presbyterian 
church at Mt. Pleasant. His skill as an engi- 
neer is recognized in the design and arrange- 
ment of the new Standard shaft which he built 
in 188G, and which is considered the finest shaft 
in this country by the best mining authorities. 
He also engineered and superintended the 
erection of the Mt. Pleasant water works and 
(juite a number of other improvements in the 
Connellsville coke region. He is a man whose 
kindness, usefulness, blameless character, perse- 
vering energy and intellectual force are building 
for him a moiniment of lespcct and hive that 
Avill be bright and sacred in the hearts of future 
generations when time shall have crumbled to 
dust the graven monolith, the gorgeous mauso- 
leum, and the heaven, pointing obelisk of this 
century; for man goes to his long home, his 
bones are placed beneath the sud, but liis works 
live after him. and his inllueiice for jzoud >'i>Q3 


down tlirougli the ages, on and on " until our 
race has run its c( and the wide linnanicnt 
J3 r()lle<l up like a scroll." 

OK HIS RAMSAY, a mining engineer 
I 1 of more than local re]iutation and super- 
♦ intendent of the Moi'ewood, Warden, 
Dillinger, Alice and Tarr coke works, was born 
at Dumferndine, Scotland, June 4, 1848, and is 
the third son of William and Elizabeth Ramsay 
(For their history, see sketch of Robert Ram- 

Morris Ramsay commenced to work at the 
trade of machinist at Dumferndine, but finished 
Ids trade at Pittsburg, Pa., to which plac(; his 
parents had immigrated in 18;V2. Prom 18(!4 to 
18lj',( he worked in tlie mines of the Westmore- 
land coal company and in the latter yi'ar became 
mining boss at the Shafton coal mines. After 
holding this poition for ten years he removed to 
Iloutzdale, Clearfield county. Pa., and was 
superintendent of the Kittanning Oo;d Com- 
pany's mines for two years. In 1882 he be- 
came superintendent of mines at Morewood, 
■which position he resigned two years later to 
become miiung engineer fur the Prick ('okc 
Company. His services in this cajiacity were 
of great value to his employers. In 188() he 
was made superintendent by the above company 
of their coke plants at Morewood, Warden, Dil- 
linger, Alice and 'i'arr'a. The ovens at these 
works number 11;')!, of the eight thou.sand owned 
or operated by the II. C. I*^rick Coke Company. 
These mines and works are extensive and are 
operated upon an intelligent and practical basis. 
" Every improvement that engineering talent 
and long practiced experience could devise has 
been intro<luced by this cimipany." 

Morris Kauisay was uniled in UKirriage on 
l\larch IT), jSTO, willi Sadie Creer, who is a 
nalive(d' LarriimT and a ilaiighler of (u'orge A. 
Crccr. 'j'hcy iiave len chilih-cn : Wdliani, born 
1870 ; Sadie M.. Iiorn March JtJ, 187:! ; Liz/ie 

S., August 14, 1874; Hannah (}., June 17, 
187G ; Ceorge M., born March 25, 1878 ; Mary 
C, born April 13, 1881; Jeanet R., born Sep- 
tember ;!0, 1S82; Kobcrt A., born ScplcMib(>r 
l(i, 18S1 ; Alice I., born March Pi, IH^'J, and 
Nellie, born October 4, 1887. 

Morris Ramsay is a mendjcr of Hiram Lodge, 
No. O'J, Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
Among the works of his engineering in the (Jon- 
nellsville coke region are: the Rist tipple, the 
air shaft at Morewood, the Trotter plant and the 
new Henry Clay coke works near I'road Ford, 
in Fayette county. Pa. He is a worthy repre- 
sentative of the strong-willed and self reliant 
Scottish race, which is distinguished for its in- 
telligence, morality, prudence, patieiit industry 
and honest thrift. 

*j*OHN LAWRENCE RUTH, one of Mount 
'l' Ploasant's active and energetic young men, 
^ is a son of Joseph and Catherine (Love) 
Ruth and was born in East Huntingdon town- 
ship, Westmoreland county. Pa., June IG, 18(57. 
His paternal grandfather, John Ruth, was born 
in Rucks county in 1795, migrated to near the 
site of Stonersville, Westmoreland county, in 
1815, and was married in 18-19 to Julia Ann 
Tintsman of near Mount Pleasant, and soon 
afterward removed to East Huntingdon town- 
ship where he purchased a farm and spent the 
remainder of his life. Joseph Ruth (father) 
was born in East Huntingdon township, Janu- 
ary 5, 183G. He was educated in the connnon 
schools and was engaged in farming with his 
father until 18GU. On March 27, 18GG, ho was 
married to Catherine Love, daughter of Reu- 
jamin Love. He located near Mount Pleasant, 
purchased a farm and engaged actively and suc- 
cessfully in fuming and siock-iaising. His 
life of ])romising usefulness was of but short 
duration fin- he ]iass<'il into the <lreaniless slee]) of 
death January S, 18(19. His los.s was ileeply 
felt, as he had licen a lo\'ing husband, kind 


jti(>aRAi'Hii:s of 

fiitlicr, tiuo frierxl anil oliligiii;]; iieii^libor. 'I'lio 
willow rciiiaiiicil iiii llic liuiii fur two years ami 
then icinovcii to Mount I'Icasaiit. 

.loliii L. Ruth was ruaicil at .Mount I'loasiUit 
wluTc he ri'i-i'ivcd his filiicatioii in the [iilhru; 
schools and Mount I'lcasant Institute; from 
llu- laUrr lie was ;:i;ulualeil m the elass of ]«,S8. 
During school vacations he engaged in clerking 
and thus obtained a practical knowledge in the 
various branches of the mercantile trade. He 
also served for some time as assistant in the 
Mount Pleasant post-oflice. In 1888 he ac- 
cepted his present position of salesman in the 
grocery and queensware establishment of S. W. 
Stoner k Co. Mr. Uuth is well qualified by 
education and experience to occupy almost any 
position in the mercantile business. 

•jf'OIIN L. SHIELDS, editor of the Mount 
I Pleasant Journal, was born near Salem, 
QJ (Delmont), Westmoreland County, Pa., 
June IJ, Il^oT, and is a son of Matthew and 
Sarah (Larimer) Shields. Matthew Shields, 
during his working life, followed agiicultural 
pursuits but has now retired from active 

John L. Shields received his education at 
Chambersburg academy and at Princeton col- 
lege, which* celebrated institution he attended 
for two 3'ears. In 1878 he returned to West- 
moreland county, and the ne.\t year engaged at 
Ml. I'hasant in llu' ne\vsiia|U'r business, firming 
wilh Ins brother-in-law the lirm of Kennedy \ 
Shiehls, editors of the Mt. Pleasant Jotirnal, a 
weekly pajier. This firm continued in business 
until 1885, when Mr. Shields purchased the 
interest of bis partner, thus tjccoming sole ])ro- 
jirietor and editor of the Journal. This paper 
is a well edited weekly, largely devoted to local 
news, in which respect it has the reputation of 
being one of the very best in the county. Politi- 
cally it is independent although its editor is a 
reimblican in iirincijile. Mr. Shields devotes 

his time and energies to the management of his 
jjajicr and has the satisfaction of seeing hi.s 
ellbrts crowned with success. 

'jf'ONATIIAN G. SliOPE, assistant cashier 
"f" of the Mt. Pleasant bank, is a native of 
^ Pennsylvania, ami was horr. in Huntingdon 
county January 'J.!, 1850. lie is a son of Jere- 
miah and Margaret Belle (Gilliland) Sliope, both 
natives of Huntingdon county. The Shope family 
is of German origin. J. (i. Siiope's paternal 
great-grandfather, John Shope, immigrated from 
Germany to the United States during the latter 
part of the last century and settled in Perry 
county. Pa. His paternal grandfather, John 
Shope, removed from Perry to Huntingdon 
county, this State, and was engaged in fanning. 
His maternal grandfather, Andrew Gilliland, 
was of descent and a native of Huntingdon 
county. Pa. His father, Jeremiah Shope, is a 
well-situated farmer in Huntingdon county. 
In 18G4 he was employed by the United States 
government as a bridge builder, and served in 
that capacity for si.x months under General 
Sherman in the march from Atlanta to the sea. 
Jonathan G. Shope attended the common 
schools of bis county for several years and was 
afterwards engaged for some time on his father's 
farm. During 18.S2 and 188o he taught in the 
common schools of Huntingdon and Juniata, 
counties. In March, 18S4, he went to Pittsburg, 
where he attcmled the Iron City Connnercial and 
Business college, from which he was graduated 
July 8, 1884. July ii9, 1884, he accepted the 
position of assistant cashier of the IMt. Pleasant 
bank, and has since conducted the business of 
that substantial institution with credit to himself 
and satisfaction to his employers and the business 
public. Jonathan G. Shope is one who has 
relied upon his own efforts to win success in the 
great battle of life and has succeeded. That 
energy and industry allied to an ambition to 
succeed gains friends and wins success has proved 



to 1)0 true in his c;iso. Ili' is a iiu'inlier of Moss 
Rose Lodge, No. ;!.">(), IiKk'iuMiik'nt Older of Odd 
Fellows and Mt. Pleasant Conchive, No. 173, 
liidc[irtidcllt Order of llc])t;iso|)lis. lie is a 
inrinlier of tiic I'lcsliy Irriiiii fliincli and stands 
liit:li as a citizen ami luisiness man. 

X->^ LIVER I*. SIIUPE, one of Mt. Tlcas- 
^^J ant's most intelligent and enterprising 
(*) citizens, was born January 5, 1843, in 
Westmoreland county, Pa., near the borough in 
which he now lives, and is the eldest .son of 
Daniel and Caroline (Ilitehman) Shupe. Isaac 
Shupe, his grandfather, was an energetic and 
successful business man and carried on farming 
and milling in connection with general mercan- 
tile business Assisted by his son he erected the 
distillery at Mt. Pleasant which has since been 
transformed into an extensive flouring-mill. Mr. 
Shupe was an esteemed citizen, a useful member 
of the U. B. church and was born on the old Shupe 
homestead. He married Elizabeth Whitmore, of 
Westmoreland county. Daniel Shupe (father), 
their eldest son, was born June 2l), ISKJ, onthe 
Shupe homestead, and was one of the best and 
most jiublic-spirited nii'n with whom AVestniore- 
land county has ever bOen favored. From his 
door none ever went unfed, none ever asked of 
him a boon in vain ; to him the " rarity of Chris- 
tian charity " did not apply ; dishonesty was a 
stranger to him ; hypocrisy was as far removed 
from him as the east is from the west; warm- 
hearteil and generous, no friend appealed to him 
in vain for symjiatliy, encouragement or aid. 
Genial, whole-souled and affectionate, many 
Christian graces clustering around his life and 
chaiacter, it was no wonder that a friend tear- 
fully exclaimed shortly after his death, " God 
made but one Dan Shupe." Mr. Shupe was for 
twenty-five consecutive years a member of the 
school board of Mt. Pleasant townsliip and took 
a lively interest in all that pertained to the per- 
fection of the schools. In urging commodious 

and modern scliool houses he was met with many 
objections Irom jienurious and illiterate ta.xjiay- 
ers, but by ids force of character iind pei'.-.ever- 
anee he l)or<! down all (ippipsilion and bad imill 
in every distriet a substantial ami liandsouie 
house, which placed Mt. J'leasant township 
ahead of all others in the line of improvements. 
He laboreil diligently fur a sec oof years to have 
a railroad built to Mt. Pleasant, and was one of 
the most active promoters of the branch road 
from Broad Ford to that town, lie was also 
one of the successful pioneers in the oil busi- 
ness, but most of his life he spent in the 
inillin" business. From his mill many a sack 
of flour went to relieve the hunger of needy 
families, and especially was his generosity felt 
and apjireciated during the great panic of lf^73 
and the consequent depression. Mr. Shupe 
was cheerful in disposition and, like Abou Ben 
Adhem, loved his fellow-men, taking great 
pleasure in making others happy. Mr. Shupe 
was twice married, his first wife being Caro- 
line Ilitehman, a cousin of William J. Hitch- 
man, whose sketch appears elsewhere in this 
volume. She died May 24, 1848, at the age 
of twenty-nine years. The fruits uf this union 
was three children : Oliver P., Ijucy A., born 
in 1845, and Buenavista T., born in 1847. His 
second wife was Sarah Cease, who was a daugh- 
ter of Jacob Cease, of Mt. Pleasant township. 

Oliver P. Shupe received his education in the 
public schools of Mt. Pleasant, and at the age of 
twenty-one became su[)erintendent of Shupe &. 
AVade's distillery and held this position some 
fourteen years. • After the death of his father he 
purchased the distillery and converted it into the 
first roller-process flouring mills in western 
Pennsylvania, which now have a capacity of one 
hundred and twenty-five barrels per day. Under 
his control these mills have beconie widely and 
favorably known. Mr. Shu[)e has been tjuite 
successful in business, and besides his town pro- 
jierty owns large tracts of timber-land. Before 
becominj' a resident of this borough he was a 


iiK'iiilior iiiul triMsuriT of the sclioul Loatil of Mt. 
J'k'as;iiit townsliip, ami when that portion of the 
township in which he resided became the tliird 
■ward of the town he represented his ward in the 
borough council. Ho is a director of the .Mt. 
Pleasant branch of the B. & 0. 11. K., and was 
largely instrumental in securing the charter for 
the Mt Pleasant water company. He is a 
member of the I. 0. (). F., Knights of Honor, 
Royal Arcanum, Improved Order of Ileptasophs 
and the A. 0. U. W. 

Oliver P. Shiipe was married in 18G3 to 
Sallie 15., a daughter of Rev. William B. Dick, 
formerly a minister of the U. B. church at Mt. 
Pleasant. Their union has been blessed with six 
children: James ^Vade, William D., Virginia 
B., Irene, Sadie and Caroline (deceased.) 

yfYlI^I'I'^^f 1^- SIMPSON, the popular 
if) [iioprietor of the " Hotel Jordan," Mt. 
Pleasant, was born in Ilempfield town- 
ship, Westmoreland county, Pa., August o, 
18:^9, and is a son of William and Phfjebe 
(Hutchinson) Simpson, The Simpson family 
originally came to this country from Holland, 
immigrating early in the seventeenth century, 
when most of the United Stales was an unbroken 
wilderness, uninhabitc^d save by the wild red 
man of the forest — the " pnor untutored Indian." 
Thomas Simpson (grandfather) settled in West- 
moreland county in the early part of the 
eiglitrrulh ceuliiry uml was in bis day a well-to- 
do and siUHn'.--srul farmer. \\ illiaiu Siiup.^on 
(fatlier), one of his sons, nbtaineil a gooi.1 educa- 
tion and became an able teacher. To the pro- 
fession of teaching he devoted his earlier years, 
but later in life Ik' gave his time and attention 
to farming, at which he was more than ordinarily 

William 11. Simpson was reared on his father's 
farm, attended the coinnion schools and finished 
his education at the Mt. Pleasant Institute, 
which he attended four terms. At the age of 

twenty-si.\ yearshe joined the army of pedagogues 
and gave eight years of his life to the ]n'ofession 
of teaching in Westmoreland county. Upon the 
death of his fatlier he purchased the interest of 
the other heirs in their father's farm, and thus 
became sole owner of the property — the home 
of his boyhood, no iloubt saying with the poet : 
" How (leal- tu lliia lieait are ihc scenes of my cliildhood, 
Wlien fund rLtollcclion presents them j view." 

In 18U3 he moved to the farm and devoted 
his attention to its management. In 1884 he 
bought an adjoining farm and now owns a large 
tract of e.xeellent land. -March Uj, 1887, he 
left the farm and moved to Mt. Pleasant, having 
previously purchased the property known as the 
'• Central Hotel," and there carried on the hotel 
business until December :25, 1887, when the 
house was destroyed by fire. He then bought 
the " Hotel Jordan," and since April 'll , 1888, 
has numaged that hotel, jiroving himself a suc- 
cessful and agreeable landlord. Mr. Simpson is 
also a civil engineer, a competent surveyor, but 
never followed it as a profession. 

William R. Simpson on November 19, 1857, 
was united in marriage with Eliza Jane, a 
daughter of Jacob Lowry, of Portsmouth, Ohio, 
and they had eight children, six of whom arc 
living: Lewis Lowry, now living in Idaho; 
David Bennett, an attorney -at-law, in New York 
city; Juliii Z., a jeweler, of Mt. Pleasant; 
Laura; (Jhristy Ann and Lida. Mrs. AVilliam 
P. Simpson has been dead for a nuniber of years, 
having gone to her eternal home on March "JU, 

one of the prominent and leading busi- 
ness men of Mt. Pleasant, and a wounded 
Union veteran of the late war, was born near 
Mt. Pleasant, Westmoreland county. Pa., March 
9, 1838. He is a son of Jidin and Mary L. 
(Sherbondy) Stevenson. His paternal grand- 
father and grandmother were nati\es of West- 
moreland county and were early settlers of 


Robstown, now West Newton, They were Ger- 
mans, and Mrs. Stevenson was never able to 
euuverst! in any language exeept her nidtlier- 
tdiigiie. ./uliii St('\ensi)n (fatliei) was born in 
tli's county in 1^10. lie was a euoper by trade 
but largely devoted his time in early lite to teach- 
ing in botli English and German sclioola. Later 
in life be devoted all of iiis time to farming. 
He was a member of the old-time and well- 
known ■' Washington guards," and was on duty 
as one of that body at the hanging of a murderer 
at Greensburg over sixty years ago. llis death 
occurred Ai)ril 20, 1S73. 

John A. Stevenson was educated in the common 
schools, Mt. I'leasant college and the Pennsylva- 
nia State normal school at Millersville, Lancas- 
ter county, Pa. In 185-') he began teaching in 
the common schools of Westmoreland county 
and continued in that line of work until 18G2. 
On February 18, 18G'2, he erdistedin the Union 
army as a member of the Anderson body-guard, in 
which he served until it was mustered out of the 
service March, 2(J, 18i33. In >Lareli, 18G4, he 
re-enlisted and entered the 11th Pa. Vols., 
under command of Col. Richard Coulter, and 
appointed to the office of sergeant-major. He 
was promoted on September 5, 18G4, to first 
lieutenant of Co. C, appointed soon after acting 
adjutant and was conimissioneil adjutant Novem- 
ber ■!'■',, iNlJl. At the battle of Five Forks, 
April 1, iMif), lie was badly wounded and was 
conveyed iirst, to field hos])ital, City Point, and 
afterwaril to Armv Sipiare hospital, Washington, 
I*. C., uluie he remained untd hoiioraMv dis- 
charged, Jidy 1, 18G5. 

On October 16, 18G6, he married Sarah J. 
Ilissam, a daughter of Samuel Ilissam, a Mt. 
I'leasant township farmer. To this union was 
born three daughters : Ijiz/ic (dead), Ada (dead) 
and Maggie. Mrs. Stevenson died March 29. 
1878. He was remarried August 16, 1882, to 
Lida Jane Churns of Ijatrobe. To the second 
union iHie child was born which <lied in infancy. 
The mother died Aiad 2.'i, 1N8G. 

After the war Adjutant Stevenson again en- 
gaged in teaebiiig and was principal of the West 
Newton jiublic schools from L'-JiG to 1m77. in 
the latter year he removed to Mt. I'leasant 
where he became business manager and editor of 
the Mt. Pleasant Dawn, now Journal. At tlie 
same time he embarked in a drug store and con- 
tinued in both lines of business until 188;5. la 
1883 he opened his present large and well 
stocked hardware, seed, feed and implenient es- 
tablishment and commands an extensive and 
paying patronage, lie is also associated with 
his brother, S. C. Stevenson, under the firm 
name of Stevenson Bros., in the fire insurance 
and real estate business, lie is a member of 
the G. A. K., Odd Fellows, K. of II. and A. 0. 
U. W., and was a member of the Mt. Pleasant 
school board for several years. Adjutant Ste- 
venson has been a member of the Presbyteiian 
church for thirty-four years. He is a republican 
in political matters and is recognized as a scholar, 
a gentleman and one of ]Mt. Pleasant's foremost 
business men. 

Pleasant, Pa., was born May 17, 18GG, 
at Fredericktown, Knox county, Ohio, 
and is a son of .lames C. and Jane T. (Stratton) 
Strang. His father was born in New York, but 
when (juite young emigrated to Ohio, where he 
has since been working at his trade, carriage 

Albert Ross Strang attended the public 
schools of his native place until fourteen years 
of age, when he began to learn the trade of car- 
riage trinnning at his home in Fredericktown, 
where he worked till 1887. During the winter 
seasons he devoted liis time to the .study of 
music, and at the <ige of fifteen years lie be- 
came a member of the Mechanics band of liis 
home town, and soon tiiereafter its musical di- 
rector. In 1887 Mr. Strang came to Pennsyl- 
vania, locating in June at Uniontown, where he- 



\v;is ciiiiilciYfil III liin InuKi until NovciiiIjit. 
.SiiuH' thai time lio hus bcfii cii^a^^cd ii.s iMi'iiii^'c 
tfiuniicf at tlio fan-ia;;o works of (Jalluy llrotli- 
iTH, iMoiiiit I'lcasaiiL On llio Tilli of I )rc(iiil)cr, 
]<SS7, lie (;()nnc(!tf(l liini.scH' witli olliir-i in i1j(' 
orgaiiiziitioii of tlie ".Star baml," and was 
chosen its conductor and instructor. 'I'hat this 
hand has already attained a high degree of pro- 
ficiency is indicated by its frc(iiient engagements 
botli at home and abroad. Mr. Strang is a 
member of the orchestra just organized at 
Mount Pleasant, which furnishes the excellent 
music at the "Grand Opera House." He is 
also a member of the tenth reg., N. G. 1'., and 
is its chief trumpeter. He is identified with tiie 
Baptist church choir ami tlie Independent 
Order of Heptasophs. 

born September '11 , IS-litJ, in East Hunt- 
(*) iiigdon township, Westmoreland county, 
Pa., and is a son of John and Anna (Overholt) 
Tinstman. His great-grandfather was a native of 
Germany and immigrated to the United States, 
locating in Bucks county, I'a., whence he re- 
moved to AVestmoreland county. Pa., where he 
remained, following the* occupation of farming 
until his death. His son, .lac^ib 'rin>lman 
(grandlather), was born in Jiueks euuiity, Pa., 
January 13, Yil'i, and united in marriage 
December 11, 17'J8, with Anna Fo.\ of West- 
niorelanil ctmiitv, Pa., who was a native of 
(.'hester eounty in the same State, and \\ ho was 
born August b, 177'J. John Tinstman (father), 
their fourth child, was born January "JD, 1)S()7, 
in East llunlingdon township, Westmoreland 
county. Pa. He was reared on the farm and 
devoted most of his life to agricultural ])ursuits. 
In 18G7 lie retired from active work and died 
in 1877 at the age of seventy years. Abrahain 
Overholt (maternal grandfather), also of (ierman 
descent, was one of the early settlers and best 
known men of the county. He was born in 

iinitks coutity, I'a., in 1771, Iml renioved to 
WeslmoiclaMd coiinly, i'a., iji I ^00, and nettled 
on the farm now occupied by the village of West 
Overton. He \v,is a very siieeessful business 
man, a \nv^iy, land iiwni'r, ;ind for many y(.'arM 
conducted one of the best known distilleries in 
western Pennsylvania. His wife was Maria 
Stauftcr, of Eayctte county. Pa. Harry O. 
Tinstinan's mother Anini (Ovt holt) Tinstman, 
a daughter of Abraham and Maria (Stauft'er) 
Overholt, was born July 4, 1812, married John 
Tinstman in 1880 and died in 18(jtj. 

Harry O. Tinstman was educated in the [)ub- 
lic schools and in Iron City Commercial college, 
at Pittsburg, Pa. After leaving college he 
entered the commission house of A. and L. H. 
Overholt at Pittsburg, where he remained till 
18tJl. In -Vugust of that year he enlisted for 
service in the army in the Anderson body 
guard, afterwards called the "Anderson troop," 
and patricipated in the engagements at Pitts- 
burg Landing and Corinth, Miss. Owing to an 
attack of fever he returned home in the summer 
of 18G2, but in September of the same year 
lie rejoined his regiment, the fifteenth Pa. 
cavalry, which was then stationed at Car- 
lisle, I'a. Mr. Tinstman took part in the 
battle of Antietam, after which he marched to 
Louisville, K'y., thence to Nashville, Tcnn., and 
was engaged in tiie several skirmishes in that 
locality and at the battle of Stone River, being 
lieutenant in rank and commanding two com- 
panies. Ill the spring of 18(j;3 he left his com- 
mand, received his discharge, returned to Mount 
Pleasant and engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness, which he soon ijuit, and in the spring of 
18(14 took charge of the " Overholt distillery," 
at Broad Ford, Fayette county, Pa., where he 
remained about seven years. In 1871 he went 
to Irvin, Pa., and engaged in the foundry busi- 
ness as a member of the firm of JjaulVer, Hurst 
it (!o. ; sold out to his ]>artners in 187o and re- 
turned to Mount Pleasant, where he now re- 



I[;iiiv (). 'I'iiistni:iii inurricil Oi'tolici 1"), ISti:}, 
.Miss Ly.lia K.. u .1;iu-1iHt of J;u'„l, Aniicl, (,f 
Mount I'k-Msaiit, ami tlie fruits of tliiMr iiiiioii 
an- fiiiir sons: (Jliailcs Aiuirl, l((]rij .\|ii-il If), 
l.Slli;; (IcoiL,'!' Boiil.rii^lit, liorii Novciiil/cr 17, 
l«liS; Jaiiios IJoiibiigilil, burn April ID, 1871, 
anil IJenjainin Evans, born February 4, 1875. 

Mr. Tinstraan is a member of Westmoreland 
Lo<lgo, No. 51S, F. anil A. M. ; also of the K. 
of II., I. 0. 0. F., Sr. 0. U. A. M. and Post 
No. US, G. A. II. 

jf^IXDLEY S. TINSTMAN, an active 
J [ and successful business man and a mem- 
ber of the •• Mount Pleasant Milling Com- 
pany," is a son of Christian and Catherine 
(Shupe) Tinstman. He was born in East 
Huntingdon township, Westmoreland county, 
Pa., November 7, 1848, and is of German de- 
scent. His paternal great-grandfather was born 
in Germany and came to Pennsylvania, locating 
in IJucks county and from thence removed to 
near Mount Pleasant in this county, where lie 
was engaged in farming until his death. His 
paternal grandfather, Jacob Tinstman, was born 
in Bucks county. Pa., January 18, 1773, and 
was married on December 11, 1798, to Anna 
Fo.x, of Westmoreland county, who was born in 
Chester county August 8, 177i*. He was a 
man of fine education and followed farming. 
He served as justice of the peace and county 
surveyor and held other ollices of trust and re- 
sponsibility. Hi.s father. Christian Tinstman, 
seventh child and fifth son of Jacob Tinstman, 
was born in East Huntingdon township, Decem- 
ber 26, 1813, and on April 16, 1810, married 
Catherine Shupe, by whom he had three cliil- 
drcn. He was engaged in farming until 1873, 
when, at the beginning of the financial panic of 
that year which swept over the United States 
and the effects of which were felt for several 
years aftirrward, he took charge of the bunking 
house of liloyd, HufV&. Co. in order to protect 

his own and several of his friends' inti'i'cst in 
that bank. He roiidiH-led abaukiug IjUsiiiess 
until 1878 and sold out to the pie-int .Mount 
Pleasant bank and nlired iVoni active lilc 

iiiinll<-v S. Tinslnian was eiluralid in the 
public schools and W cstei'ii Pennsylvania Scien- 
tific and Classical Institute of Mount Pleasant. 
At nineteen years of age he left school, engaged 
for two years in farming and then attended one 
term at ■' Iron City Business college." Leav- 
ing the Iron City college lie went to Greens- 
burg and embarkeil in the grocery and hard- 
ware business. After two years he left Greens- 
burg and went to Mount Pleasant. From 1872 
to 1879 he was engaged in various business pur- 
suits in different localities of the State. In the 
latter year he returned to Mount Pleasant and 
from that time until January, 1887, conducted 
a large grocery. February 1, 1887, he became 
manager of the " Mount Pleasant Milling Com- 
pany," and at the end of one years' service in 
appreciation of his efficient management, by 
which a large increase of trade had been secured, 
he was ofTered an interest in and became a mem- 
ber of the company, and at same time became a 
member of the Acme Facing Mill Co. Since 
1888 he has given largely of his time to the 
business of" these two firms," which have built 
up a largo and prosperous trade. 

On March 12, 1879, he wasiuarried to Emma 
Mullin, daughter of William D. Mullin, of Mt. 

Limlley S. Tiiistiuaii is a republican in jioliti- 
cal matters. He is recognized as a fine busi- 
ness man and honorable citizen. He is a mem- 
ber of Mount Pleasant Council, No. 592, Royal 
Arcanum, and the Mount Pleasant United 
Brethren church. 

CtT^REDERICK TREBER, a native of the 

It beautiful and historic kingdom of Wurt- 

emberg and a resident id' the live and 

progressive borough of Mount Pleasant, in this 

giih rti .lr!i!W'''!*f JniioW "'o n 


lUucn.M'UlES OF 

Cdiiiity, is 11 son (if Mii'liiU'l ami liarliiUM (^SIk']!- 
piiril) TrcbtT and was lioin in ihc Lin^'iloiii uf" 
Wurteniberg, then a part of Prussia ijul now a 
inunibur of tlie (Jurnian iMnpirc, liorn Marcli 
2U, IH'M. His grandfatlior, Trilyfr, was horn 
in one of the German States, but inmiigrated 
to this country and settled at I lagers town, 
j\Id., wliere lie afterwards died. lie was 
a rope-maker by trade and a meudjer of the 
Evangelical Lutheran church with which he had 
united in the Fatherland in early life. One of 
his sons was Michael Treber (father), who im- 
migrated from his native German jjrovince to 
America in 1853. lie located at Cumberland, 
in nortlnvestern Maryland, where he died in 
1878, aged seventy-nine years. lie was a 
■weaver by trade and married iJarbara Slieppard, 
whose parents renuiined in (iermany where they 
died some years ago. Michael and Inirbara 
Treber reared a family of iifteen cliildi'en, of 
■whom three are living. 

Frederick Treber was reared and educated in 
Wurtemberg, which was a grand duchy until 
1803 when its duke became an ally of Napoleon 
Bonaparte, who extended its territory and made 
it a kingdom which it has been ever since. He 
came with his father in 1853 to this country. 
After working at shoemaking at different places, 
he removed in 1889 to i\Iount Pleasant where he 
has continued until the present time. He owns 
a very good house and lot in what was Bunker 
Hill village, but which is now a part of the bor- 
ough of Mount I'h'asant. Mr. 'I'rcbcr has been 
industrious througlunit life, has had no hel|i but 
his own strong hands and well deserves the suc- 
cess which has rewarded his eil'orts. In political 
matters he is a democrat. He and his wife and 
eldest children are members of the Evangelical 
Lutheran church. 

On the 'JTth of Marcli, 18()4, he united in 
marriage with Susan Felton, a native of (ier- 
many and a daughter of Henry and Catherine 
(Shafler) Felton. Mr. and Mrs. 'i'reber have 
five children : Catherine, born December 22, 

18(i4; Henry L., born July 13, 1,S(J7 ; Annie, 
born April 13, \Hl\, and married to John 
h'oltz ; Mary, boi'ii Decendter 20, 1870, and 
William !•;., born April 0, ISSl. 

fEOHGK W. WKl.MEK, a jiopular re- 
publican, an olil anil well-kown business 
man of the county ami a resident of Mt. 
I'leasant, is a son of Cajjt. John and Rebecca 
(Porch) Weimer, and was born in Donegal town- 
ship, Westmoreland county. Pa., June 18, 1828. 
His great-grandfather, Weimer, came from Ger- 
many to this country about 1700. He came as 
a " Kedemptioner," one who allowed his time to 
be sold for a certain period to jiay for his voy- 
age. After working out his redemption time he 
located in Somerset county, this State, where he 
married, and after a lengthy residence removed 
to Saltlick township, Fayette county Pa., in 
which he died at an advanced age. ( »ne of his 
sons, David Weimer, nngrated from Somerset 
county to Donegal townshiji. He was a whig, 
a member of the U. B. church and served as a 
teamster in the war of l^il2. He was married 
three times and his second wife was a Miss 
Frick, who was a relative of 11. C. Frick. Capt. 
John Weimer (father) was born in Somerset 
county in 1790, and was brought by his parents 
about 1801 into Donegal township, where he 
lived until his death in 1859. He served as a 
captain in the old Pennsylvania militia, was a 
member of the U. B. church and in politics was 
a whig and afterward a republican. He mar- 
ried Rebecca Porch by whom he had four sons 
and four daughters. One of these sons, John, 
enlisted in a Pennsylvania regiment in 18t)3, par- 
ticipated in several skirmishes and served until 
the close of the war. Mrs. Rebecca Weimer, 
who died in 1805, was a daughter of John 
Porch, a native of York county, I'a., and who 
moved to Donegal township when a young man. 
He was a farmer, a whig and a member of the 
Lutheran church. 

wj:stmii1!i:land vousty. 

George W. Weimer was educated in tlie pub- 
lic aiul select schools of liis time and neighbor- 
hood, lie commenced life for himself by teach- 
ing; siliool whii'li iio followed fur live years, and 
llun went to ('anion, Oiiio, wiicic he worl<e(l for 
four yi'arn at the (rade of niacliinist witli (". 
Aultman iS: Co., of that place. \l the end of 
this time he returned to \Vestmoreland county 
and was employed for three years in buying and 
driving stock to the Eastern markets. He then 
embarked in farming and stock-dealing in Done- 
gal township, wliich he followed until tlie spring 
of liScS'.l when he removed to Mt. I'leasant where 
he now resides, and where he has been success- 
fully engaged in the restaurant and grocery 
business since February, 1890. 

George W. Weimer, in 1865, married Mary 
U. Loar (nee Morrison). They have three chil- 
dren : Ulysses G., a merchant of Markleton, 
Pa., and married to Ilallie Rodes, nee Brooks; 
James ^[., who married Ida Horner (nee Huff- 
man) and employed in the mercantile busiius at 
Deiry, and Annie E. remains single at home 
with her parents. 

George \V. Weimer is a republican, believes 
in and works for the success of the principles of 
his party and has held tlie various township 
offices. In 188'J when tlie entire republican 
ticket of Westmoreland county was defeated by 
majorities ranging well up into the hundreds, 
he was the republican candidate for director of 
the poor and only lacked si.xteen votes of being 
elected. In aildition to his Mt. Pleasant prop- 
erty lie owns a line farm of two hunilred and sev- 
enty acres of land in Donegal townsliij). He is a 
member of the United Brethren church of which 
he has served as steward. 


f perous grocer of Mt. Pleasant and a resi- 

(*i/ dent of that town for over twelve years, 

was born in the city of Pittsburg, Allegheny 

county, Pa., October 15, 1854, and is a son of 

John P. and Christina Werkman, who were 
natives of (Jermany. John P. Werkman was 
lioi-n in l''raiikfoiib()ii-tlir-Maiii and was a slioe- 
iii.iker by trade. Ilr iiianicd in his native hin<l, 
eaiiii' to llio Unitrd Slal.'s in Isl!) un,} hicatcil 
in Pittsburg whric he remained for some time, 
in 1851 he removeii to Westmorelaml county 
and settled on a farm in Hempticld township. 
He was an honest and hard-workir ^ man and 
gave his attention entirely to farming during tlie 
latter years of his life. 

John P. Werkman, Jr., received his education 
in the common schools and worked upon his 
father's farm until he was twenty-four years of 
age. In 1878 he removed to Mt. Pleasant 
where he embarked in the grocery business. He 
occupies a room which is suitable for his busi- 
ness and has a well-selected and carefully a.s- 
sorted stock of stajde and fancy groceries. By 
strict attention to business and thorough com- 
mercial aptitude he has succeeded in building up 
a nourishing traile. On January 11, 1883, he 
was married to Lucetta M. Stevenson, a daugh- 
ter of John Stevenson, ofMt. Pleasant township. 

John P. AVerkman, Jr., is a member of Moss 
Rose Lodge, No. 350, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, Mt. Pleasant Council, No 502, 
Royal Arcanum and Mt. Pleasant Lodge, No. 
1118, Ancient Order of United Workmen. Mr. 
A\'^crkman has achieved success in his chosen 
line of business and is recognized as one of the 
leading merchants of Mt. Pleasant. 

JACOB R. ZUCK, a leading book and sta- 
I tioner of Mt. Pleasant and one who fought 
(1/ under the " Stars and Stripes " in the dark 
days of the rebellion, was born at Mt. Pleasant, 
Westmoreland county. Pa., Christmas, 1843, and 
is a son of Samuel and Susan (Keister) Zuck. 
J. R. Zuck is of good old German stock. His 
paternal grandfather, David Zuck, a native of 
eastern Pennsylvania, was of German parentage. 
He was born near the close of the last century, 

moan.i I'll IKS of 

removed tu Somerset eouiity where lie iiianicil 
Esther Miller, iiinl tei-minuted his westward 
jonnioyings hy settlin;^ neur Mt. I'leasant. 

Sa el /iiek (lath.r) wai lioni Mairh 10, 

IS-JI, learned llie tni.le of saddle uiid harness 
lualving, and engaged for twenty-live years in that 
business after eompleting his a|)))renticeship. 

He married Susan Koister, daughter of Con- 
rad Kcister, a descendant of one of the oldest 
and early settled families of the county. They 
had four children. 

Capt. J. li. Zuck received liis education in 
the public schools of JNIt. Pleasant. At eighteen 
years of age he left the school room for the 
tented field, having enlisted October 5, 1861, in 
Co. B, twenty-eighth reg., Pa. Vols. lie served 
in the army of northern Virginia, was later on 
transferred to the army of the Potomac, partici- 
pated in the battle of Antietam, wdiere he was 
severely wounded and honorably discharged, 
January, 1863, on account of disability after a 
service of fifteen months. From 1862 to 1878 
J. R. Zuck was engaged in clerking for A. 11. 
Strickler, McCabb & Ebersole, general mer- 
chandise business. In 1879 he embarked in a 
book and stationery store in Mt. Pleasant and 
has continued siicccssfidly in that line of busi- 
ness up to the present time. 

On May 1, lsti7, he was united in marriage 
to luiiliia Sniilley, daughter of dohn Sliiitley. 
'i'o their union have hecTi burii two sons: Mdwin, 
hoin .Mareh H, 1-^171, an. I Orray, horn July liD, 

In 1871 he became a mendier <.>{ the Na- 
tional (iuarils of i'enusylvaiiia am] was elected 
captain of the Mt. Pleasant rilles or Inde- 
pendent company, seventeenth division. He 
is a mendjer of Robert ^Vorden Post, No. 
16-3, Grand Army of the Republic, was its 
commander in 1S.S8, Mt. Pleasant Council, 
No. 592, Royal Arcanum and Mt. Pleasant 
Lodge, No. 198, Ancient Order of United 

His book and stationery establishment is con- 
veniently situated in Mt. Pleasant. He carries 
a well-selected stock of everything that is needed 
in his line of business, both fancy and staple, 
including school books, papers, magazines, school 
supplies, albums and toilet articles. Capt. Ja- 
cob R. Zuck has been a member of the United 
Brethren church for a quarter of a century, and 
is one of the well-known citizens and active busi- 
ness man of Mt. Pleasant, having filled the 
oflice of school director and councilman for 
several years. 


AVID G. ANDERSON, one of die most 
y^J energetic business men of Seottdale and 
proprietor of the largest and leading 
livery of that place, is a son of William and 
Ann (Grove) Anderson and was born at Stahls- 
town, Westmoreland county. Pa., October 28, 
1849. William Anderson was born in 1821 at 
Reganstown, Westmoreland county. His prin- 
cipal business through life has been buying and 
selling farms and railroad contracting. He has 
been very successful in his Inisiuess ventures. 
He is a member of the .M('tliodi>t Kpiscopal 
church and a resident of .Mt. I'ha.sant. In l.Sll 
he married Ann Grove, daugiiter of Jacob Grove, 
of Ligonier township. I'hey were the parents 
of eight children. iN.'^rs. Anderson was a valued 
member vl' the .M. Iv ch'urcii, who passed away 
in 18II-! at forty-four years ni' age. 

I las id G. Anderson attended tiie conuuon 
schools of Stahlstown until he was thirteen years 
of age. He then went to Washington (Jity, 
where he was employed with several other Ijoys 
in the government mess-house to wait on the 
soldiers who would stop there for meals. At the 
close of the war he returned home, where he 
was engaged f)r two years by \V. A. Kcifcr, of 
Seottdale, to feed and take care of cattle and 
hogs. In 18(J'J he went to Stahlstown and 
learned the trade of olacksiiiith. After coui- 
jileting his apprenticeship he came to Sccittdale 
wheic he opened a blacksmiLli shop ami in con- 
nection with it condia-ted a carriage factory. In 
1878 he established his present livery stable, 

the largest and most thoroughly equipped of its 
kind at Seottdale. These enterprises were not 
sufficient to require all of Mr. Anderson's time 
and energies, and from 1877 to 1884 he was en- 
gaged in merchandising, farming and coal min- 
ing at Seottdale. On his farm and in his coal 
bank he employed twenty-five men and sixty-five 
horses. From 1877 to 1878 he was [)ro)>rietor 
of a hotel at Everson. In 1888 he opened his 
))resent stone-quarries and sand bank, and in 
stone (piarrying and sand excavating he keeps 
ciinstalitly enqdoyed a large firce of hands and 
sixty-five horses. Since L^7^ he has hjst from 
eight to ten thousand dollars by fire, but I'hoenix- 
like, his business has arisen from the ashes 
larger than ever. He has always juMvcd eipuil 
to every emergency and is rt'garded as one nf the 
fori'Miost business men of his ncighborhdod. 

On duly 1.'), 187o, he married Hester A. 
Morrow, daughter of John C. Morrow and sister 
to J. (Jahhvell Morrow (see his sketch). They 
have eight children living, five sons and three 
daughters: Albert M., Olive E., Charles, James 
Ral[)h, Edgar, Florence, Walter and Anna 

David G. Anderson is a rejiublican but has 
had neither time nor inclination to engage in 
jiolitics. He is a member of Seottdale Lodge, 
No. 885, IndcqicndiMit Order of (»dd Fellows; 
Seottdale Lodge, Xn. 4 1:!, Knights of I'ythias 
and Seottdale Oouneil, No. 102, Junior Onlcr 
of United American Mechanics. Mr. Anderson 
established the foundation of his ])resent large 


and growing business in 1873. His livery, 
s;ilo and feed stables is one of the finest estiib- 
lislinients of its kind in the county. He con- 
ducts an e.xtensive wagon, carriage and luiggy 
factory in addition to a large blacksniilli slio]). 
He is a successful grading and building contrac- 
tor, and having large (juarries of fine building 
stone is always able to fill contracts on short 
notice. In addition to his extensive and success- 
ful home business enterprises he has one of the 
largest livery stables at Connellsville, Fayette 
county, Pa. David G. Anderson is one of those 
^vho have by their own industry, energy and de- 
termination achieved success. In every line of 
business in which lie has been engaged Ik; has 
always been proiniit, honorable and successful. 

•1*010 A. AUM STRONG, the efficient 
cashier of the Scottdale bank, was born 
September 21, 1854, in New Haven, Fay- 
ette county. Pa., and is a son of Adam and 
Isabella (Dodd) Armstrong. The Armstrong 
family are descendants of the Armstrongs of 
Gilnocky Hall, in Scotland, who were noted for 
their size and weight, most of them being more 
than six feet in height. Adam Armstrong 
(father) was born in Scotland and reared on the 
Cheviot Hills, where, owing to the importance 
and extent of sheep-raising he led a pastoral 
life, lie immigrated to America in 1840, lo- 
cated at Pittsburg, Pa., but soon moved to New 
Haven, Fayette county, ami remaining there a 
few vears settled permanently in Connelisvdle, 
Pa. Mrs. Armstrong was also born in Scotland, 
and with her husband belongs to the Presby- 
terian cliurcii. 

John A. Armstrong's parents moved to Con- 
nellsville when he was I ut one year ohl. In that 
thriving town on tiie banks of the "dare-devil 
Yough " be s)ient bis boyliood days, and re- 
ceived al':iir educMlidii in llie pidilir sciinols. lie 
tlicn liirnrd his iillciiliiiii lo e;n|icnlry, ul «liirli 
he workcil four years and then accepteil a posi- 

tion as express clerk for the H. & 0. K. K. com- 
pany at Connellsville, fVom which be was ])ro- 
moted to ticket agent at the same place. On 
account of ill-health he, after three years' 
service, resigned this position and embarked in 
the fire insurance business, at which he remained 
until about 1884, when he was appointed assis- 
tant cashier of the Youghoigheiiy bunk of Con- 
nellsville. In 1887, May '.*th, he resigned this 
position to accept the in(jre luci tive and honor- 
able one of cashier of the Scottdale bank in 
which capacity he is now acting. The Scottdale 
bank was organized in May, 1882, with a capi- 
tal stock of !jti.')(),()00. J. 11. Stautl'er was elected 
]uesident, and his son, John M. Staufl'er, cashier; 
the institution is sound and its business in a 
flourishing condition. Mr. Armstrong has for 
years held the olTices of secretary and treasurer 
of the Connellsville and New Haven Gas and 
^V'ater coni])any, of which he is also a director. 
He is a member of King Solomon Lodge, No. 
346, F. & A. M., of which he is Worthy Master, 
and of Fayette Council, No. 346, Royal Arcanum. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian church at 
Connellsville and is secretary of its board of 
trustees. Descended from the " Scots who hae 
wi' Wallace bled," Mr. Armstrong is a gentle- 
man of strict integrity, industrious, energetic, 
faithful and conscientious. 

He was married November 15, 1883, to Sarah 
L., daughter of George W. and Sarah Herbert, of 
Connellsville, and to their union have been born 
two ehihlnn: Helen I. and Mary K. 

fAMUEL D. AULTMAN, one of the lead- 
ing and thoroughly reliable furniture deal- 
ers and undertakers of this county, is a 
son of Jacob and Rebecca (Dobler) Aultman, 
and was born in Fast Huntingdon townshij), 
AVestmoreland enmity, Pa., April 15, 1845. 
.Jacob Aultman w;is a farmer of AVestmoreland 
counlyaml iiiid iiKinv warm IViends amnng tliose 
wiiokncw liim. He was a rejiublicun ami served 

,r, ■ -I 




for several terras as township road supervisor and 
tax collector. lie was clever, "gonial, obliginj^ 
and companionable. lie was an earnest member 
of the Kvani^i'Iical l,iitlieran church and ilied in 
1MS7 at ihc ripe a;^'L' ol' cif^hty-si.x years. Ills 
widow is a menilier of the United JJrethifii 

Samuel D. Aultman grew to man's estate in 
his native townshi]), where he was trained to 
farming and received his education in the com- 
mon schools, lie learned the trade of house 
carpenter at whicli lie worked for fourteen years. 
He built a large number of houses throughout 
Westnroreland county, but left house carpenter- 
ing in 1880 to engage in his present successful 
furniture and undertaking business at Scottdale. 
His establishment is at No. 120 Pittsburg street 
and his sales-room is the finest in the town. His 
stock is large and well selected, embracing fine 
and medium furniture, including parlor, cham- 
ber and dining room suites, tables, chairs, etc. 
He carries a full line of wall paper. Mr. xVult- 
man's specialty is undertaking. He furnishes 
the best of caskets and coffins and his hearse is 
among the finest to be found in the county. He. 
lias also made a success of embalming, which ].<'. 
introduced at Scottdale. By his energy, enter- 
prise and business ability he has deserved as well 
4is built up a large trade. lie is a member of 
Latrobe Iiodge, No. ;ii!8, Hoyal Arcanum, Im- 
proved Order of Ileptasophs and P. A. Williams 
Post, No. 4, Grand Array of the Republic, and 
the church of (lod at Stonersville. 

In I8(i',i he was united in marriage with Maria 
Stoner, a daughter of Joseph Stoner, a farmer 
■of East Huntingdon township. Two chiMren 
have been born to this union : Luella and Etta 
May. Luella passed away June 8, 1880, at the 
age of seventeen years. 

S. D. Aultman is interested in the develop- 
ment of his town and county. He was secretary 
for several years of the Scottdale Building and. 
Loan Association and is a member of the ^Vest- 
moreland and Fayette Natural Gas Company. 

ENRY C. BEST, who is the head of one 
^J of the representative milling com])anies 
of southwestern I'enn.sylvania, and the 
founder of the Bioadway Flour-Mills of Scott- 
dale, is a s.,n of WiIImih and Fli/abelh (Wads- 
worth) Best, and was bmn in Deny town^hii), 
Westmoreland county. Pa., February 28, 1840. 
His paternal grandfather, Peter Best, was one 
of the early settlers of AVestmoreland county. 
His maternal grandfather, Thomas Wadswortli, 
was a shoemaker and at ninety-seven years of 
age, when in good health and with spleinlid 
jirospects of reaching his one-hiin<liedth birth- 
day, he was struck by a locomotive and killed at 
St. Clair while attempting to cross the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad track at that place. William 
Best (father) is a native of Derry township 
where he was engaged in farming and stock deal- 
ing until 1880 when in that year he removed to his 
present home in Latrobe. He is a faithful mem- 
ber of the Jlethodist Episcopal church. His 
wife died in 1888, aged sixty-seven years, and 
who was a member of the same church as her 

Henry C. Best was reared on a farm in Derry 
township, and received his education in the 
common schools and Latrobe normal school. 
Leaving the school room, he went on the Penn- 
sylvania railroad where he labored for several 
Years. He then \sas engaged for some time in 
farming and teaming. In 1877 he was ap- 
pointed postmaster at Latrobe and tilled the of- 
fice very acceptably for four years ; lie then re- 
signed that position and was appointed sealer of 
weights and measures for Westmoreland county, 
lie was appointed to this position in 1881 by 
Gov. Ilartranft, and served about twelve months 
when the office was dispensed with by the Legis- 
lature of the State. In the spring of 1882 he 
accepted a position as salesman with P. II. Sox- 
man & Co., of Latrobe, dealers in agricultural 
implements. After a year's service with this 
firm he determined upon embarking in some well 
established line of business. The milliu'' indus- 

■VI ,i/iir •;/ 

.1111 i.,>.t<..iJUc 

lilOaUAl'lUKS OF 

try presented sufficient advantages for a success- 
ful business, and lie liecanie and remained a 
member of the Latrobe Milling Company until 
January 1, 18S5, when he was appointed chief 
clerk of the eounty eommissioners and served 
satisfactorily in tliat capacity for tiiree years. 
In I81SIS lie removed to Seottdalo, purchased the 
old Gongaware grist mill on Broadway, and with 
his ciiaracteristic energy and push he took out all 
the old machinery, enlarging the plant, making 
a four-story iron-clad mill 47x5(J feet in size, 
wliicli is now known as the Broadway tlour- 
niills. 'I'liey are fully e(iuip]ped with the latest 
improved milling facilities on the full roller 
graduating jjlan, including eight rollers, bolting 
chests, reels, puritiors, elevators, bran dusters, 
packing chests, and an endless variety of other 
necessary and improved machinery, which re- 
ceives power from an engine of 66-horse power 
and has a capacity of eighty barrels in twenty- 
four hours. On April 1, 18811, he sold a half 
interest to Albert Keister. They have operated 
the Broadway ilour mills ever since under the 
linn name of Scottdale ^Milling Company, and 
are uianuficturers of favorite brands of pure 
ruller Ilour, r(jru meal ami cho]i. Of all the 
great sta]ile pKitlacts entering largely into gen- 
eral consumption not one commands the interest 
and importance of Ilour; nor of late years has 
any other branch of industry in this cduntry 
iLKiile siieh marked ini|)invenicnt :is milling. 
Annmg ihiise wliuare in llie I'luut rank of ini- 
juMvenient is llie nnllioL,' companv above named. 
1'hey have atlamed an enviable reputation for 
their high grade Hour and niill feed, of which the 
" Diadem "and ■' I'earl " brands have a strong 
hold upon pul)lic favor llirongiiout this and ad- 
joining counties. 

On the ITth day of May, 1800, ho married 
Marv A. Soxnian, d.iughter of the late .)osej)li 
So.xman of Latrobe. The}' have live children, 
two sons and three daughters: Annie J., Ada 
B., Willie J., Alice M. ami Harry. 

11. I', llest is a member of Latrobe Lod^ro, No. 

541, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Ho- 
is a nieirdier of the (Serman Uef(;rmed chureli 
and is in the front rank of the business men of 
Westmoreland county. 

■r^ARRY V. BOTT. Scottdale as a man- 
I^J iifacturing and commercial center of 

(S Westmoreland county has a record ex- 
tending back only sixteen years, yet some prom- 
inent business houses of the county are located 
there with a good trade and excellent reputa- 
tion. The leading drug house of the town is 
the popular and widely-known establishment of 
Harry F. Bott, who is one of the ]irogressive 
young business men of the place. He was boin 
at Greensburg, Westmoreland county. Pa., Au- 
gust 1, 18(J0, and is a son of John C. and Mary 
Magdalene (Veioek) Bott, natives of (Jermany. 
In 1837, during wdiat is known in history as the 
third interregnum of the (ierman em|)ire, Johr* 
0. Bott left his native land ami came to Pitts- 
burg, Avliere he remained for six years. He 
then removed to Stahlstown, Westmoreland 
eounty, and was engaged in fanning for seven 
years. In 1860 he came to Greensburg, opened 
a boot and shoe store and has been successfully 
engaged in that line of business ever since. He 
married Mary Magdalene Veioek, who came 
from (iennany to the United States at thirteen 
years of age. Harry 1''. and Mr. ami .Mrs. Pott 
are niendiers of Lvangelieal Lutheran church. 

Harry K. Pott attiMided the common and 
academic schools of Greensburg until he \vas 
fourteen years of age, when he accepted a 
clerkship in a drug store of his native town. 
He soon came to umierstand and like the busi- 
ness. For nine years he served as a drug clerk 
before engaging in the drug trade. In 1883 he 
o[)encd a drug store at (ireensburg, where he 
conducted a successful business for three years. 
In 188G he disposed of his drug establishment 
and a year later removed to Scottdale as a favor- 
able place for the prosecution of the drug busi- 

\vi:yi'M()iii:LAyi) coumtv. 

lU'ss. lie l)(m;j;lit a dni;^ Htoro, iumiIo iiuiMy ad- 
ditions til its hiii;o and valiiiiiiio sloi'k of dnij^.s 
and I'litci'cd on his siiciT'ssful careui' as a |i()])ii- 
lar, |iiii;;i-essivc and Icadinj^ diii;.'j^ist (d' Scott- 
didi'. His r<)iini is aniplu in diniiMisidns, con- 
venient in all its urrangcnients and heavily 
stocked throughout its every department witli 
choice and leading lines of goods. He carefully 
selects and constantly keeps on hand fresh 
drugs, standard proprietary medicines, wall 
papers of the latest styles, blank books, station- 
ery, school books and toilet articles. Attentive, 
courteous and obliging, he has built up a large 
custom and retains it and adds to it by fair and 
lionest dealing. He is manager of western 
rennsylvania, AVest Virginia and eastern Ohio 
for the Eureka Medicine Company, and has de- 
veloped (juite a demand for their remedies. He 
is also agent for the Wclsbach Gas Light Com- 
pany and has been decidedly successful in the 
introduction of this light into his district. Mr. 
Bott is a stanch democrat and a member of In- 
dependent Order of Heptasojihs and Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. 

On October 5, 18b7, he was married to Har- 
riet ]}. Keynolils, of " ^Vood Circle I'hice," 
Mount Pleasant townshi]). 'I'hey hM\e one 
eJiild : Kli/.a Keynolds llott. 

II. F. Holt is a member of the Second ]']van- 
gelieal l,Litlieian cliiircli of ( Jieeiisburg. He 
thoroughly understands his business and is pro- 
prietor of the finest and largest drug house at 

ry Kl'lIANIAH 15U1NKER, a prominent 

y* ; • citizen of Westmorehuid county an<l one 
!• of the ])rominent, inlliiential and pioneer 
business men of Kcottdale, is descended from a 
stock distinguished for ability, integrity and 
usefulness. He was bom in I'enn township, 
AV'estmoreland county, Pa., December 18, 1841, 
and is a son of Col. I'aul and Naomi (Berlin) 
Brinker. iVuicJiig the early settlers of West- 
moreland, who came from Berks county was 

.Jacoli Hrinker, giiindfalherof /ephaniah Urinker. 
lie was of (uiniaii descent and was a leading 
citizen anil prominent man in a community 
which was particularly noted for the thrift, en- 
ergy and economy of its inhabitants, .laeob 
Brinker settled in what is now Penn township 
and purchased a valuable tract of land in the 
" Manor of Denmark," which was one of the 
two reservations of land math; by Penn in \Vest- 
moreland county in 1700, for himself and his 
heirs. Jacob Brinker was one of the founders 
of the old and well-known Manor Reformed 
church. By his active etibrts, large contribu- 
tions and donations of land he secured the 
erection of the lirst Manor church building, 
which was finished about ISla. He was a 
democrat in politics, but took no active part in 
political matters and was one of the most highly 
respected of the early settlers of the county. 
His son, Col. Paul Brinker (father), was born 
in 1807 and died June 12, 1884. His educa- 
tion was obtained in the schools of his neigh- 
borhood, and early in life he engaged in farm- 
ing, which he followed for many years. Jacob 
Brinker owned eight hundred acres of land. Paul 
Brinker became possessor of one-half. He soon 
acipiireil a high standing, based upon his excel- 
lent merits us a man and a citizen. In all of 
his dealings and intercourse with his fellow men 
he was honorable and just. He possessed un- 
usual military talents, spending thousands of 
dollars in military alVairs to be successful, and 
was soon called into the military service of 
I'cnnsylvania, where he serveil successively as 
lieutenant, cajitain, major and colonel. While 
.serving as captain he unii'ormed his coni[iany 
of one hundred and one men at his own ex- 
pense. Throughout a long life of activity and 
usefulness he lived above reproach and when 
he passed away left a wide circle of friends to 
lament his death. He married Naomi Berlin, a 
daughter of Jacob Berlin, who was an eaily and 
widely-known citizen of Franklin township, to 
which he came from Berks county, this State. 


Zephaniali Brinker was reaieil in Peiin towii- 
sliip, ri'ccivcii liis ((liicalion in llie t-diniu'Jii and 
si'lcct .scliiHils anil on altaiiiiri:^ iiis niajdritv I'n- 
j;a;^iMl in (aiiinii;j;, wliicli lui Inliowrd tin' live 
ycaia. In ISTI lio rcniuvcil iVoni iManur to 
Kcottdak', wlieio lie hecaiMc one oi' the pioneur 
settlers of that jiiace ami opened the seeond 
hiiteherilig estahiislmient and meal niarlvi't of 
th(^ town. He also engaged in other hiisi- 
ness enterprises with his usual energy and 
success. After fifteen years of close and steady 
attention to his various business interests he was 
compelled by ill health to seek rest, and accord- 
ingly removed in 1888 with his family to the 
uioiuitainous part of Somerset county, I'a. After 
two years residence in that section he regained 
his health anil in March, 1890, returned to 
Scottdale. He then embarked in the grocery 
business, which he has continued in until the 
))resent time, and to which he intends to add 
dry goods and engage in the general mercantile 
business upon an extensive scale. JMr. IJrinker 
owns considerable real estate and is the propri- 
etor of the " ]}rinker Square," \Yhich is well 
situated for commercial purposes and is worth 
over $15,000. 

On October 10, 1868, he married Mary E. 
Lauffer, of Manor. To their union have been 
born five children, of whom three are living: 
Wilson M., Myrna May and Susa Fern. The 
two who died were Carlton Sherwood and Lo- 
gan Elvi. 

I'oliiically Mr. Brinker is a democrat in prin. 
ciple. lie is a member of the United Brethren 
cluueh, but was reared in the I'aith of the Re- 
formed church. Zephaniali Brinker is plain, 
unassuming, modest, but (juick to think and act 
and possessed of a courage that knows no de- 

■r^ON. JOHN R. BYllNE. Celtic blood 

I^J flowed in the veins of many prominent 

(*) citizens of the IJniteil States who have 

been conspicuous alike on th(i battlo-lield and in 

the forum, and to-day many of that blood and 
race thidiighinit J'ennsylvania hold and have 
held important public olliccs of trust and honor. 
One of the latter class is .lolin R. Hyrnc, c,\- 
niember of tiie I'ennsylvania House of Ui'pre- 
sentalives. He is a son of .John L. and Mary 
(Lowry) JJyrne and was liorn at Bariiettstown, 
Cai-bon township, Hiinlingdoii county, I'a., 
April 2:i, 1H5«. 

John L. Byrne (father) was born in county 
Meath, Ireland, reared in the city of Dublin 
and as a participant in the Irish Rebellion 
of 18^7 and '48 found it necessary to immi- 
grate in the latter year to I'ennsylvania, where 
he located at Ilollidaysburg. He was a brakes- 
man and railroad conductor for several years ; a 
contractor on the Broad Top railroad and en- 
gaged in hotel keejiing at Barnettstown and 
Everson, I'a. At the latter named place he 
died January Ki, 1888, aged fifty-four years. 
He was a delegate to the first (Jcneral Assem- 
bly meeting of the Knights of Labor ever held 
in America, which convened in 1887 at Reading, 
Pa., and was treasurer of the Mineis' and 
Laborers' Benevolent Association during its 
palmiest days. When the attempted Fenian in- 
vasion of Canada from the United States oc- 
curred it found an ardent advocate in Mr. 
Byrne, who was an active member of the Fenian 
Brotherhood. He raised a company to join the 
Fenian army of invasion but it never was called 
into service, as the Fenian forces were dispersed 
without much fighting. 

John R. Byrne attended the common schools 
of Huntingdon county, I'a., till thirteen years of 
age. He then entered a coal mine as a trajiper 
boy for which he received thirty-seven and one- 
half cents 'per day; he was soon transferred to 
driving and shortly afterwards engaged in dig- 
ging, and remained in the latter employment 
until he attained his majority. In l!^73 ho 
moved with his father to Everson, Fayette 
county. In 1878 ho migrated to Leadville, 
Colorado, where he retnaineil one year and re- 


turncil oast as far as Pittsburg, wluie ho was 
niarrieil. In liS80 lie rctunu'd to Ever.son, 
Fayette county, I'a., and resumed mining in 
•\vliicli lie continued until tlie great labor sirike 
of i.ssl. lie was made ])residcMt of llie organi- 
zation that controlleil and conducted ihe above 
strike and during its progress establisheil the 
Mincr'n liecorJ, wliieli he conducted for eigh- 
teen months and then changed the name to that 
of Scotldule Independent. In l.SSf) W. N. 
Porter became a partner with him in the news- 
paper business and in ISSt! they disposed of the 
Independent to Hiram B. Strickler, who sold it 
in 1887 to a joint stock company which em- 
ployed j\Ir. Byrne as editor. After eight 
months editorial service he retired on ;iccouut of 
his eyesight becoming attected. On July 17, 
1889, he became editor of the Tribune J'ress, 
of Scottdale, which he cuiitinues to edit as a re- 
publican pa]ier. It is a f(iur-])age folio of 
tliirty-two columns and is principally devoted to 
local news and labor interests. In December, 
1887, he formed a partnership witli his brother, 
Arthur P. Byrne, in the boot and shoe business 
at Scottdale under the firm name of John 11. 
Eyrne it Co. They have built up a large trade 
and carry a full and well-assnrlt'il collection of 
boots and shoes. In ISSt'i he was elected from 
Fayette county to a seat in the Pennsylvania 
House of Kepresentatives. He had a majority 
oftiOU votes in a county that was strongly demo- 
cratic prior to 188(1, ami was the first republi- 
can clnird to llic l,cgi>l;ilurc fniui ihal cnuuly 
since 1>74. lie soivcd in the session of l,s:S7-8 
and was a member of live important committees. 
In 1888 he was a candidate for re-election but 
was defeated by a defection in the Kepublican 
party and opposition from coke operators. 

On July 3, 1880, he was united in marriage 
to Joanna Lynch, daughter of John Lynch, of 
Everson. To this union have been born three 
children : Henry W., Arthur L. and Florence 

lie is a mcnd>t'r of Scuttdalu Cnnclavc, No. 

172, Inde|)endent Order of Heptusophs. In 
religion he is a llonnm Catholic and a republi- 
can in politics. Mr. Byrne has ever labored in 
the interests of his political parly and given 
larg<ly of his time for the advanieiiiciit of itH 
aims. He resides just across the Westun/reland 
county line, at Everson, in Fayette county, Pa., 
but carries on his business at Scottdile; has been 
identilied with the interests of that borough for 
nearly ten years. He has for many years l)een 
one of the labor leaders of southern Pennsyl- 
vania and a recognized authority on labor sub- 
jects with many workingmen. 

ably no member of the Pennsylvania 
[S) Legislature ever secured more fully the 
attention of that honorable body than Edward 
Callaghan, of Westmoreland county, when he 
arose on Tuestiay, January 4, 1S87, in the 
House of Representatives and offered the follow- 
ing resolution : '■^Resolved, That the custom of 
opening the General Assembly of Pennsylvania 
with prayer be dispensed with." Mr. Callaghan 
emj]liatically declares that this resolution was 
oil'crcd by him in what he conceived to be the 
true interests of Christianity and not as any 
menace against the cause of religion, as has been 
so repeatedly charged against him. Edward 
Callaghan is a sun of Felix and Alice (Curran) 
Callaghan, ;ind was born at Mt. Savage, Alle- 
gheny county, Md., May 24, 18:.0. His father, 
Fcli.x Callaghan, was born in 1804 in county 
Armagh, province of Ulster, Ireland. His wife 
was Alice Curran, of county Monaghan and a 
relative of Mary Curran, who was betrothed to 
Robert Emmet. Mr. Callaghan was married in 
1838 in the old cathedral of Armagh, which 
was built by St. Patrick. He immigrated in 
1845 to iMaryland where he settled at Mt. Sav- 
age and followed the shoe business until a few 
years ago. He is (juite active for his ailvanced 
age and is a strong <lcmocr;it of ihe Jack-Ionian 

'•jl> ;ni|ol)lS Jl Ml Itllii 0^. 



type. A barber tried to cut liis tliroat wliilc 
sliaviii^ liiiii in ]5ahiinorc, in 1)^41), and since 
then he lias always shaved himself. He is a 
liandsonic old gentleman, and his wife retains 
much of her former beauty, while not a silver 
thread appears in her heavy mass of raven hair. 
They have had twelve children, of whom ten are 

Edward Callaghan was reared at Mt. Savage, 
where he was educated in ])rivate schools and 
followed the shoemaking business until 1877. 
In that year, attracted by the favorable business 
openings of the Connellsville ciiko region, he 
came t(i Fayi'tte eminty, I'a., wlu'ic he worked 
for a time in a stone (juarry in prefrnee to taking 
the place of a tippling shoemaker, wlm was 
afterward run over and killeil by a train on the 
railniiid. In 1S7S ii,' renidvcd to Sc..|ld;ilr, 
tins rnunly, c-liilili-hrd lilM present slide slnic 
and bus made thai stirring huroiigh his limni' 
e\rr since. .Mr. Calhighiin is a stanch and 
earnest democrat, has al\va_ys taken an active j)art 
in political campaigns, both local and State, and 
is alwas found at the polls on election day work- 
ing for the success of his party. In 1886 he 
was elected a member of the Pennsylvania House 
of Representatives, served in the sessions of 
1887 and was a member of the important com- 
mittee on labor and indiislry. In 1888 he was 
a candidate li.r tlu' dciuocratic nomination for 
the olllce of State senator but was defeated, and 
at the ensuing election his successful o]iponent 
was ln'atcu by the icpublit-m candidate for that 

On October 10, 1888, he united m marriage 
with l']llen Martina Hogiie, <if liOretta, I'a., who 
was a daughter of Joseph Ilogue, a wealthy 
citizen and ex-county commissioner of Cambria 
county, I'a. 

Edward (Jallaghan, while a lacndjcr of the 
rennsylvania Legislature, refused to accejit rail- 
road passes olVercd bim liy the Pennsylvania, 
Ijaltimore and Oliin and riiiladclphia and Read- 
ing railway com|ianies. His most inipnrtant 

speech in the house was made <jn the "Anti- 
diseriniinaticin Hill." He introduced a bill for 
the founding of a hospital for disabled miners 
in the Connellsville coke region and another for 
the repeal of tlie conspiracy law. He h;us been 
engaged to some extent in lecturing; his last 
lecture was on the Johnstown flood. lie is a 
member of the Catholic church and is always 
active in whatever he undertakes. At this 
writing Mr. Callaghan has entered suit for con- 
spiracy against John R. IJyrne, Peter Wise, of 
the Knights of Labor, and T. \'. Powderly, 
General Master Workman uf that order. 

Edward Callaghan is an active and aggres- 
sive democrat and is always reaily to advocate 
the principles and measures of the Democratic 
jiarty. He is a man whose integrity of jiurjwse 
I'auiiot be (piestiiiued, whose ideas of justice and 
eipiilv are cirrecl, ami ulio, in his ailbei-enci' li> 
\slial be ciinsiders right, is liiiii as the adaiuau- 
tine rock. 

tYlf'I''-'*-^f ^- CAMPP.ELL, one of the 

enterprising young men of Scottdale, 

was born in Greensburg, Westmoreland 

county, Pa., May 25, 1859, and is a sou of 

Peter and Rebecca (Brown) Campbell. Peter 

Campbell, born Septeinbr 12, 1828, is a native 

of Lancaster county. Pa , but when only ten 

years old was brought to (ireensburg by his 

i mother. .\t the age of fifteen he undertook to 

j learn the tanning trade, at which be worked 

I until he arrived at manhood. Later he added 

I iiulcheriiig to bis work of tanning and carried 

on both for many years at (ireensburg. In 

18tj8 he reinuved to Scottdale, where he has 

ever since been engaged in butchering. \Vhen 

i he located at the latter place there were but few 

! houses in the town ; he is therefore one of the 

j old residents of that thriving borough. In 

- 185 J he was married to Rebecca Hrown, of 

Heniptield township, near (ireensburg, and they 

had seven cliildren. 

\Villiam S. (."aiiiiibell was reared in Greens- 


burg, the county scat of the '* star of the west," 
■\shere, ;ifter leavili;^ scliool, he assisted liis father 
in the meat iriarkct for sc:veral vrars, and in 
ISSO he rn;;aj^cd in llic dairy larsincss al Sentl- 
dali' uliieli he eiiiuiniic'd ihrce years. In ISSl 
he embarked in the li\ery husincss whieh he 
has successfully enndiirtcd up Id thr jircscnt 
time, lie has built up a good trade, keeps a 
full line of saddle and harness horses, buggies 
and carriages, and makes a specialty of furnish- 
ing turnouts for funerals. Mr. Campbell is also 
engaged with his brother-in-law, B. C. Frctts, 
in the manufacture of cigars, the firm name being 
B. C. Frctts i& Co. lie is a member (uniform 
rank) of Fountain Lodge, No. 443, K. of P., 
and of Scottdale Conclave, No. 17:!, I. (). 
Ileptasophs. lie is a republican and freiiuently 
takes an active part in the jxilitieal affairs of his 

William S. Campbell was niarried September 
14, iSS-i, to Mary, a daughter of 1). S. Frctts, 
of East Huntingdon to\vnslii]i, Westmoreland 
county, I'a. 

ARON H. CUNNINGHAM, a tonsorial 
artist of Scottdale, was born in 1848 in 
ICast Huntingdon township, ^Vestmore- 
land county, Pa., and is a "son of John \\ . and 
Matilda (Heath) Cunningham. His grandfather, 
Joseph H. Cunningham, was born in Tyrone 
township, Fayette county, ]'a., where he lived 
and died on the old homestead. He was a farmer 
by occupation, dohn W. (.'unningliam (father) 
was born in 181(S, in Fayette county, Pa., was 
a carpenter and farmer, and held title to a tract 
of land in East Huntingdon township, West- 
moreland county. In 18(j;3 he quit farming, 
sold his land and engaged in carpentry, at which 
he continued until his death in December, 
1886. He was married in 1844 to Matilda 
Heath, of Luzerne township, Fayette county, 
and to them were born two children : Aaron H. 
and George W., the latter of whom was killed 
in the battle of Fredericksburg, December, 18l)ii. 

Mrs. (Cunningham died in 18;")7 at the ai'c of 
fifty years and hei- bushand remarried in I 8f>0, 
his second wife being Cynlliia, a daiighler of 
(leorge .Mason, of Salem tiiwnship, this county, 
\\\\i\ died in .lanuary, IMU;?, leaving no issue. 

Aaron 11. Cunningham was reared on his 
father's farm, attended the jiublic schools and 
assisted his father in his farm work. In 18(J(; 
he went on the road as travelling salesman and 
maker of stencils, at \vhicli he continued for four 
years. From 1871 to 1873 he worked at the 
carpenter's trade at Derry station and then re- 
moved to Scottdale, where he worked at car- 
pentry until 1878, when he embarked in his 
present business, at which he has been (juite 
successful and whieh he has foihjwed contin- 
uously for nearly twelve years. 

Aaron H. Cunningham was ni;irried in 1870 
to Lizzie, a daughter of William Mellon, 
of Derry, ]'a., who was born in INtS, and ^vho 
has borne him live children, all living: Harry 
M., born in 1S71; Frank W., born in 1S78; 
Emuia, born in 1875; W. Walter, born in 1877; 
and Bert S., born in 1870. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cunningham are members of the M. E. church 
and own property on Mulberry street. Mr. 
Cunningham is a member of the Royal Arcanum 
and Knights of the Golden Eagle. He is an 
industrious, upright man, a good citizen and 
adheres to the i)rinci])les of the Republican 

tOSEPH K. EICHER, one of the earliest 
'l settlers and leading citizens of Scottdale, 
(^ was born December 5, 1832, in Springfield 
township, Fayette county, Pa., and is a son of 
Joseph and Rose Ann (Kern) Eicher. Joseph 
Eicher was a native of Lancaster county. Pa., 
but removeil to Fayette county in his younger 
days and settled in the woods of what is now 
Springlield township in 1818. Of that town- 
ship he was one of the early settlers, and while 
clearing a space on which to erect a house 
about the oidy company he bad was that of 


the liowliiii^ wolves tluU (l;iily and nightly 
visiteil the sueiie of his lalmr. lie i'ollowed 
farming all his life and liveil tu the advanced 
age of ninety-three years. He was remarkably 
active for one so old, being able at eighty-five 
tu put his foot in the stirrup and mount his 
horse quite easily without assistance. His death, 
which occurred in 187G, was the result of a 
bniken leg, the bones of which, by reason of old 
age, would not knit. 

Joseph K. Eicher remained on the farm with 
his father until twenty-one years of age. On 
the first day of his twenty-second year he began 
teaching school, which he continued for si.x 
years, and then, at the age of twenty-eight, 
commenced working at the carpenter's trade 
with his father-in-law, .John Hamilton, who was 
at that time living in Somerset county, I'a. 
In 18tJ2 Mr. Eicher moved to his father's farm 
in Fayette county, wliere he remained until 
18(34. lie enlisted that year in Co. K, 212th 
reg. " Si.xth Artillery" of Pa., and served until 
the close of the war, being honorably discharged 
in June, 186.0, at Camp Reynolds, near Pitts- 
burg, Pa. He returned home, and after farm- 
ing a year resumed work at the carpenter's 
trade. During 1872 he worked at Scottdale, 
and the ne.xt year removed his family to that 
])laco where he has lived ever since. In 1879, 
May 1st, he was commissioned justice of the 
peace by Gov. Henry M. Iloyt; received his 
second commission from Robert E. J'attison in 
iSSl, ;iud hi.< tliii'd from (i(jv. James .\. iieaver 
ill ls~^'.i. .Mr. I'liclicr was elected burgess of 
Scottdale on the republican ticket in 1SS2 and 
wa« re-elected four successive times, lie has 
also served his borough as school director and 
as councilman. He is a stanch republican 
and an aggressive party man, always taking an 
active part in jiolitical affairs. He cast his first 
vote for John C. Fremont and has ever since 
been faithful to the principles and men of his 
]iarty. He is a member of Scottdale Lodgo 
.No. 886, 1. (). U. v.: Fountain Loilge, No. 

4-13, K. of P., of which he is a past officer: 
Greeiisburg Council, No. 41, Royal Arcanum ; 
Sheridan Council, No. o51, (,). U. A.. M.; and 
Col. Ellsworth Post, No. 2()'J, G. A. R. He 
is also a member of the Baptist church at Scott- 
dale, in which he is a deacon and a zealous 
worker. Mr. Eicher is one of Scottdale's best 
citizens, a true friend, a just judge and an 
honest man. 

Joseph K. Eicher was married in 1854 to 
Mary Ellen, a daughter and only heir of John 
and Elizabeth Hamilton, of Somerset county, 
Pa., and they have eight children : LeRoy N., 
Ale.x. II., William W., Annie E., Ellen D., 
Lillian L., Maggie B. and Frank. 

fAMUEL FERGUSON was born March 
13, 1843, in Salem township, Westmore- 
land county. Pa., and is a son of William 
and Jane (Hagerman) Ferguson. William Fer- 
guson, a native of Pennsylvania, was born in 
1807 and was of Scotch parentage ; he was 
a shoemaker by trade, but during the greater 
part of his life followed agricultural jiursuits in 
his native township. He was married to Jane 
Hagerman who bore him eight children, seven 
of whom are living : Martha, Mary, Joseph, 
Samuel, Isaac, John and Lyda. William Fer- 
guson died in 1853 ; his widow is still living at the 
age of seventy-seven years and resides in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. She is a member of the Baptist 

Samuel Ferguson was reared on his father's 
farm in Salem township, attended the common 
schools and at the age of si.xteen went to work 
for the P. R. R. company, in whose service he 
remained in various capacities for seventeen 
years. He was then in the employ of the Key- 
stone bridge company of Pittsburg a year, and 
in 1880 went to Scottdale where he engaged 
with the Charlotte furnace company and re- 
mained five years. The next year lie worked 
for the Scottdale rolling mill company and tliea 

I \ 





took cliargc of iin engine for the II. C. Frick 
coke conijiany ;it Mt. I'leiisaiit. After three 
years with this company he returned to Scott- 
dale where lie is now engineer. Mr. Ferguson 
is a repuhlican and renders his ]Kirly vaiiiahUi 
service, lie is a member of /occo l;oilge, No. 
385, I. 0. 0. F., Iron City Lodge, No. 24, A. 
0. U. W., and Ellsworth Tost, No. 209. G. A. 

Samuel Ferguson united in marriage in 1865 
with Sarah, a daughter of Samuel and Ellen 
Might, of Pittsburg, Pa. They have had three 
children, two of whom are living : Ella and 
Sadie. Mr. Ferguson is a soljer, industrious 
man, an obliging friend and a worthy citizen. 

y OIIN S. FRETS, a retired farmer of Scott- 
'i dale, was burn in Tyrone township, Fayette 
(2/ county. Pa., January 24, 1813, and is a 
son of Henry and Susanna (Sherrick) Frets. 
The former was a native of Bucks county, Pa., 
born in 1791, and when a mere boy came with 
his father, Christian Frets, to Westmoreland 
county ; they located in East Huntingdon town- 
ship where tlicy ])urchased land near the present 
site of Scottdale. In 1812 Henry Frets was 
married to Susanna, daughter of John Sherriek, 
of Tyrone township, Fayette county, ami in the 
following year purchased a i'arm in East Hunt- 
ingdon townshii) two miles west of the present site 
of Scottdale, where he led theiiuiet life of a farmer 
uiild his dnilh in iSl."). lliswilc, who survived 
hini thuly ynivs. died in I.ST.'i. They were iioth 
respected members of the Mennonite church. He 
was a whig in politics. Christian Frets (grand- 
father) removed from JJucks county to AVestmore- 
land in about 1800 and settled in Ea. t Hunting- 
don; he did iiiiu'h toward the developini^nt of his 
adopted township a-iid died at a very old age in 
1848. His wife was Agnes Overliolt, of (ierman 
parentage, and a native of Pennsylvania. 

.lohn S. Frets, afler leceiving an ordinary 
education in the old subscription schools of his 

day, in 1830 j)urchased a farm and for over fifty 
yeais he was successfully engaged in that pur- 
suit. In 1887 he retired from active business 
and removed to Scottdale Avhere ho at |)resent 
rrsidrs. In I s:!.") ho was marii(Ml to i'lliziibeth, 
daughter of John Hear, of JCast Huntingdon. 
She was born in 1811 and died on August 21, 
1889. To their union were born four children: 
Hannah, wife of Solomon Stoner, and resides 
near Stoner's; Henry B., born in 1838 and 
died while in tlie service of the Union army ; 
Daniel, born in 1841, died in 1872, and Adam 
B., born in 1845 and died in 1876. He is a re- 
publican in his political opinions and a highly 
respected member of the Lutheran church. 

-^ OBERT GARRETT, proprietor of the 
Eureka billiard parlor restaurant, of 
Scottdale, Pa., was born January, 1855, 
at Brownville, Fayette county, Pa., and is the 
son of William and Priscilla (Dorsey) Garrett. 
William Garrett, a native of Virginia, migrated 
to Centerville, Washington county. Pa., where 
he kept hotel for seven years, and thence 
to Brownsville, Pa., where he remained until his 
death in 1869. In Brownsville he was proprie- 
tor of the Monongahela house. He enlisted as a 
private in a eoinjjany of Pa. Vols., under Capt. 
Smith of Brownsville, and was afterward pro- 
moted to the lieutenancy of his company. At the 
battle of Bull Run he received a wound which 
disabled him and he retiMiu'd home. He mar- 
ried Priscilla, a daughter of (Jeorge Horsey, of 
Washington county. Pa., and to them were born 
two children : Rebecca, wife of William Wall, of 
Morgantown, West Va., and Robert. Mrs. Pris- 
cilla (Dorsey) Garrett is still living at the age of 
fifty-four years and resides near lirownsyille, Pa. 
Robert Garrett attended the public schools until 
fifteen years of ago, when he went to learn the 
blacksmith trade with William Bird of Biowris- 
ville. In 1870 he removed to Cook's Mills, 
Fayette county. Pa., where he started in the 

-I'J^'liJe Jli '.>.-l!,. r"' - 



business for himself and remained for seven 
years. In I880 lie removed to Scottdale and 
bounflit a sliop wliicli lie continued to run with 
remarkable success until April, ISM'J, wlien he 
rented his jilace of business to Niclicilus Kcuft, 
who now has charge of tlie siiiitliy. 

Robert Garrett was united in marriage in 
1877. Having no children of their own, Mr. 
and Mrs. Garrett have adopted a child in whom 
they take great interest. Mr. Garrett is a 
democrat of the Andrew Jackson type, and like 
" Old Hickory '' is an active and intrepid worker 
for the success of his party and the triumph of 
its prineijiles. lie is a man of good judgment 
and strong will, and follows the advice of Crockett, 
'• J'e sure you're rigiit, then go ahead." 

where in this work ; Peter, killed in the battle 
of Fredericksburg ; William S., a resident of 
Centerville, Iowa; John F., of Mansfield, (Jliio; 
Ann N., of Gi'censburg, and ('atliariiie L., wife 
of Kdwanl llauiMi, ..r itniddock, I'a. Williiim 
15. (Jay was a political t'oilower of Jacksun and 
was ail active- and inlluciitial worker for his 
party. He was a niemljer of the Baptist church 
while his wife belonged to the M. E. church. 
Mrs. Gay died in 1882. 

Robert N. (jiay was reared amidst the rural 
scenes of Donegal township, in whose public 
schools lie was educated and where he lived 
with his father, assisting him in farm W(jrk and 
general business until his death. Robert then 
took charge of tiie farm and lan it till 1883, 
when he sold it and removed to Donegal, where 
he built a hotel. This he ran for two years and 
then in 1S,S7 removed to Scottdale, Pa., where 
he was deputy sheritfat Charlotte Furnace. In 
February, 188i', he was elected on an indepen- 
dent ticket constable of Scottdale borough, and 
in the same month was appointed chief marshal 
by the town council. Mr. Gay is an excellent 
citizen and a most agreeable comjianion. 

Robert N. Gay and Miss Clara B. Stewart 
were married in 18(J7. and have had six children, 

OBERT N. GAY, chief marshal and 
iilso Cdiislable of Scottdale, was born 
May 17, 1848, at Donegal, in Donegal 
township, Westmoreland county, Pa., and is a 
son of William B. and Martha (Speer) Gay. 
His grandfather, Peter Gay, was a native of 
Franklin county. Pa., removed to Westmoreland 
county when but a young man and began farm- 
ing in Donegal township. He married Eliza- 
beth Hays, of the same township, and they had 1 four of whom are living : Elmer N., with II. C. 
five children, none of whom are living. Peter ! Frick it Co.; Ralph 0.; Anna and Ida. Mrs. 
Gay's father was born in England, immigrated \ Gay is a daughter of Thomas B. Stewart, of 
to America and settled in Franklin county. Pa., I Berlin, Somerset county. Pa., and is a loving 
where he remained during the remainder of his i wife and devoted mother. Mr. Gay is a demo- 
life. He was one of the very early settlers of 1 crat, and a member of the K. 0. T. M. 
that county and was by occupation a tiller of 
tlie soil. William B. Gay was born in 1814 in 
Ligonie Valley, Westmoreland county. Pa. At 
the age of twenty-one he was elected justice of 
the peace, which office he continued to hold 
until bis death in 18GG, at the age of fifty-two 
vears. He resided on his laiin about one mile 
east of Donegal borough. He married Martha \ and Catherine (Redingcr) Geyer. The Geycrs 

are of German lineage, and the ])rogenitor of the 
American branch of the family arrived in the 
province of Penn some time between tlie close of 

•{•OHN C. GEYER, a progressive young 

I business man and manager of the well known 

(2/ "Geyer House," of Scottdale, was born in 

Juniata township, Bedford county. Pa., Novem- 

lier 2, 18(!.'>, and is a son of the late Henry G. 

Speer; to tiieui were born eight children : Mary 
C, widow of James H. Jones, now living at 
Donegal ; Freeman C, whose sketch appears else- 

/■f'"^J ^j/va^r //a . 

/•»«Io 5y Si'Tingm 



the French and Indian war and the opening of 
tlie Ucvohitionnry struggle, in which he served 
as a soldier iiiith'r \Va.shingtoM. After tile close 
of the uar f<ir liideiiendenee lie settled in I'hila- 
deljiliia. lie was the father of Coonrod Geyer 
(grandfather) who was born in the " City of 
Brotherly Love" and emigrated in early life 
to Berks and afterwards to Bedford county, Pa. 
His chief employment was teaming between 
Cu'iil^crland, Md. and Wheeling, Va., (now W. 
\a.) on the National Road or old pike. A 
heavily loaded wagon passed over his foot and 
from the effects of the injury thus received he 
(tied at his home in Bedford county, in the sixty- 
fourth year of hisage. Henry (j. deyer (father) 
was born at Reading, I5erks ivjunty, I'a., May 
4, l!So3, and reared on a tariu. He received 
his education in the common schools. At an 
early age he came with his parents to Bedford 
county wliere he was engaged in farming until 
187-). In that year he removed to Scottdale 
and engaged in hotel keeping. Meeting with 
good success in that line of business he resolved 
to embark permanently in that pursuit. In 1882 
he erected a large frame hotel, now known as the 
"Geyer House" and successfully conducted it 
until his death, December 11, 1884. He was 
the first landlord at Scottdale to obtain license 
aftc^' the passage of the local option law. He 
came to Scottdale .shortly after it was laid out as 
a town, and if his life had been spared a lew 
years longi'r he wuiihl have been very jirominent 
in its later growth and development. He was 
un energetic, stirring iiiun who was successful 
in his business ventures. lie was an ollicer in 
the (lernian llcformed church, of which he had 
been a highly respected member for over twenty- 
one years. On January "2, 18(J8, he married 
Catherine Re<linger, and they had seven children, 
four sons and three daughteis, Mrs. Geyer was 
born in Bedford county in 1841. She is now 
with the a.ssistance of her sons conducting the 
" Geyer House." 

At ten years of age John C. Geyer came 

with his parents from Bedford county to Scott- 
dale, where he atteniled the common schools for 
five years. In 1878 he entered the Scottdale 
rolling-mill where he learned the trades of roll- 
ing and boiling, and worked as a roller and 
boiler for si.\ years. Since the death of his 
father he has been engaged in assisting his 
mother in the management of the "Geyer House," 
which is one of the leading hotels of the borough. 
It is well arranged and fully ecjuipped to meet the 
wants of the traveling public and receives a very 
liberal patronage. 

On January "24, 1884, he was united in mar- 
riage with Laura A. jNIilliron, daughter of 
Samuel Milliron, of New Stanton, this county. 
They have three children, two sons and one 
daughter: Daisy M., Grover Cleveland and 
John 0. 

J. 0. Geyer is a member of Scottdale Lodge, 
No. 88.'), and White Star Encan){)ment, No. '286, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Fountain 
Lodge, No. 44;J, Knights of I'ytliias and Scott- 
dale Council, No. 1U2, Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics. He is a past oflicer in the 
K. of P. and Junior Mechanics and twice rep- 
resented the latter at their State council once at 
Ilarrisburg and the other time at Erie. He is a 
democrat in politics, a member of Trinity Ger- 
man llefonueil church at Scottdale, which was 
organized July ^O, lM7-'i, and well (jualilied for 
the business in which he is eni'as'ed. 

'jjrAMES W. GRANTHAM, of the firm of 
I Ruth & Giantham, iiroprietors of the 
(o/ Westmoreland planing mill, at Scottdale, 
was born September 13, 1852, in Middleway, 
Jefl'crson county, \d,. (now W. Va.), and is a son 
of John S. and Lucy Ellen (Sliarfl) Grantham, 
both of whom are natives and residents of Shen- 
andoah Valley, that Slate. John S. Grantham is 
eiij'ai'ed in the furniture and undertakinj: busi- 



ness which he has successfully carrietl on in tlie 
same place ever since he was a young num. He 
now occupies the same huihling in which he 
learned his traile and is one uF the must wi'lclv 
known and liij^hly esteemed nan in his section. 
Both he and his wife are mendjers of the 
Southern M. E. churcli. Mr. Grantham is a 
democrat and has held all the various offices of 
his borough. 

James W. Grantham was reared in the beau- 
tiful and now historic Shenandoah Valley, 
where he learned the trade of cabinet-making 
with his father, with whom he continued to 
work until lST'2, when he came north to Con- 
nellsville, Fayette county, Pa. During the next 
decade he worked at the carpenter's trade, one 
year at Connellsville, one at ISIt. Pleasant and 
eight at Madison ; part of this time he was also 
engaged in contracting. In 1882 he went to West 
Newton, where he remained three years as a 
contractor and builder and then removed to 
Scottdale and carried on the same business until 
1888, when he purchased the interest of W. L. 
Stoner (deceased) in the Westmoreland planing 
mill. This is the pioneer mill of Scottdale, 
having been established in 1873. It is fitted up 
with modern machinery and appliances and run 
by an engine of forty-horse power. The firm 
are also contractors and builders, and are now 
erecting the new public school building and the 
U. 15. cluirch of Scottdale. They have built 
Some of ihe limst luiiidings in the county, both 
public and private. Mr. (Irantiiani is a skillful 
mechanic and occupies a high position as a • in- 
telligent and responsible man of business. He 
is a member of the Koyal Arcanum and of the 
U. ]!. ciiurch ; he is a juohibitionist and an 
earnest advocate of coj'rect religious i)rincij)les. 

James W. Grantham was married in No- 
vember, 1875, to Julia A., daughter of Wil- 
liam Shrader, of Madison, this county, and 
to them have been born six children: Lucy, 
Lizzie, Uankin, John, .loseph Plummer and 

•I^L A II K G R A Z I E R, secretary of the 
\^~\, Scottdale Iron and Steel Company, 
limited, and one of the progressive busi- 
ness men of that stirring borough, is a son of 
David and Nancy (IJuck) (Jrazier, and was l*orn 
in Warrior's Mark township, lluntingilon 
county. Pa., April 2G, 1849. His grandfathers, 
John Grazier and John Buck, were respectively 
fiirmers of Huntingdon and Centre counties, this 
State. The former died when only thirty years 
of age. The latter was born . in Lancaster 
county, subetquently removed to (Jentre county, 
was of German descent and a member of the 
Dunkard or German Baptist churcli ami died in 
18lll). His father, David Grazier, was born in 
181'J in Huntingdon county, where he has 
always resided. For many years he was en- 
gaged extensively in farming and stock raising, 
but of late years he has practically retired from 
active life. He is an esteemed member of the 
United Brethern church and a highly honored 

Clark Grazier was reared on his father's farm 
and received his education in the common 
schools of Huntingdon county. In 18G'J he mi- 
grated west to Iowa where he was engaged four 
years in teaching. In 1873 he returned to 
Pennsylvania and embarke<l in the clothing and 
merchant tailoring business at Tyrone, Blair 
county. Pa. He there met with reasonable suc- 
cess, remained until 1880, when he removed to 
Scottdale, where he engaged in his present busi- 
ness of merchant tailoring and gent's furnishing 
goods. After three yeais of successful trade his 
health became impaired when he went to Edens- 
burg, the county seat of Cambria county, Pa., 
wiiere he remained one year. When he was in 
a manner restored to jierfect health he returned 
to Scottdale. From 1881 to 1887 he continued 
successfully in merchant tailoring. In 1887 
the plant and proi)erty of what is known as the 
Scottdale Iron and Steel company, limited, \\as 
to be sold, and Mr. Grazier realizing the ad- 
vaTilage of retaining these works at Scottdale, 


sought to organize a home coinijaiiy to purchase 
theiu. Starting with courage and ileterniiua- 
tion tliat has alway.s been the grcsit secret of his 
succe.'is, lie .soim ellecleil tiie organization of a 
C()ni|iany with sullicient iiieani lo purchase the 
ohl iron works. Tlicy were estaijiisiied in ISTli 
when the rolling-mill was eiccteil. 'J'he loumlry 
wad added in lf<75. As soon as the now com- 
pany organized Mr. Grazier was elected secre- 
tary and treasurer, hut finding that the two 
ofliccs engaged too much of his time he soon re- 
signed the treasurership and has retained the sec- 
retaryship until the present time. The Scottdale 
Iron and Steel coinj)any, limited, comes inoniin- 
ently to the foreground as the largest and most 
important industry of Scottdale. The works are 
sujjplied with all the late niachinery and appli- 
ances for the manufacture of sheet-iron and 
steel. The members of the company were all 
unacquainted with the business in which they 
embarked but they have been wonderfully suc- 
cessfully in prosecuting the business. Their 
works have never stopped a day since starting 
and they liave rapidly gained trade and reputa- 
tion up to tlie present time. Their ample re- 
sources, practical e.xjierience, skilled workmen 
and first-class work warrant them enduring 
success for the future. ' They employ three 
Iniiidred men, have a monthly pay-ro'l of J?!",- 
000 and transact a yearly business of over half 
a million dollars. 

On August -!G, 1)S73, Mr. Grazier was mar- 
ried to .luliet (iuyer, of Huntingdon county, a 
daughter of Kev. George Guycr, a minister of 
the M. E. church. They have five children, 
three sons and two daughters : George D., Etnel 
J., Mabel, Albert E. and Frank. 

lie has been secretary since January, 1887, 
of Marion Lodge, No. 5(j2, F. and A. M., and 
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
His merchant tailoring establishment is well 
known for its fine work and largo stock of plain 
and fashionable goods, carefully selected to suit 
the tastes of all. A large and extensive patron- 

age com]Mlments his eflorts to jileasc the public 
as a merchant tailor. (Jhuk Grazier is 
thoroughly and jirominently identified with the 
best interests of .'^eottdalu ; he has been zealous 
and suci'essf'iil in pionioling its [H'osperity and 
is deeply intere.ste<l in its future welfare. His 
cdicient services in organizing the Scottdale 
Iron and Steel Company and his successful 
career so far, as its secretary, attest his good 
ability as a business man. 

•jpAMES II. GREEN, a prominent photo- 
1 grapher and artist in crayon and oil por- 
t*y traits, is the youngest li\ing son of John 
and Louisa (Howell) Green, and was born at 
Bilston, a mining and manufacturing town of 
Staflbrd county, England, in 1854. His parents 
were born and reared at the above mentioned 
place, where they were married in 1842. They 
had twelve children, of whom six are living : 
William, at McKecsport, Pa.; Edward, at " Bell 
Hill," Scotland; John, in Wheeling, AVest Va.; 
James H., I'oUy and Emma, residents of Scot- 
land. John Green was born in 1821, became a 
sheet-roller in iron mills and came from England 
to Scottdale in 187'J. He worked for ten years 
in the iron works at that place, was popularly 
known as " Father (ireen," and died in Oc- 
tober, 18711. His widow, who was born in 
1824, resided with her son, the subject of this 

James H. Green was reared at llilston and 
worked in the iron works at that place for some 
time. At seventeen years of age he entered a 
photographic gallery, where he assiduously pur- 
sued the study of photography for eight years. 
In 1879 he immigrated to Penn.sylvania, located 
at Scottdale and labored in the iron works until 
188G. In that year he became a member of the 
present photographic firm of Green k Johnson. 

In 1873 he was married to Sophia, daughter 
of Abraham Parfitt of Pansnit, England. To 
their union have been born nine children, of 

-:. 1 1 


wlioiii four iuc living : iNfary J., Jolin E., Nellio 
Y. ;ui(i Viok-t. 

Juiiics II. (irecn's business partner, Joseph 
Jolinson, w;i.s hum in Norlii 1 laniptonsliire, 
j'lnglanil, in l.SoI. He is a .son ul' -Josepli Jolin- 
son, Sr., came to this country in 1805, located 
in Pittsburg in ]8G(j , where ho worked in the 
rolling mills fur fourteen years ; came to Scott- 
dale in 1880, removed to Blair county, l*a., in 
188;'), returned to Scottdale in 1880 and entered 
into partnership with Mr. Green. He married 
Elizabeth Grubb in England, who died in 1870, 
leaving no children. In 1880 he marriiid Cliar- 
lotto Hill. lie is a good business man, a re- 
publican iiud a member of the A. Y. M., Chosen 
Friends and Knights of Pythias. 

With the advantage of wide experience and 
long and careful study James H. Green well de- 
serves the reputation he has gained as a photo- 
graphic artist, lie was very successful in taking 
views of the Johnstown flood, and his photo- 
grapliic establishment is fully equipped for turn- 
ing out first-class work. lie and his wife are 
members of the Baptist church. Mr. Green is 
a member of Knights of Pythias and A. Y. M., 
and has been remarkably successful in his jires- 
ent line of business. 

yYTlI'T'tAM K. HERBERT, an enterpris- 
I jT I ing citizen ol' Scuttdale and unc of the 
leading lnurlicrs and senior niruibcr uf 
the firm of Herbert \ lirother, is a son of 
Jose|jh and Amanda (MeFadden) Herbert, and 
was born in BuUskiu township, Fayette county, 
Pa., April 1, 1850. Joseph Herbert was born 
in the above mentioned township in 1824. He 
followed farming in Fayette county until 1805, 
when he renioveil to near Jacob's (Jreek church, 
tiiis county, and was a farmer and stock raiser 
in that neighborhoud for eighteen years. In 
1881 he retired tVuni active life and removed to 
Scottdale, whcrt; he now resides. He is a re- 

j)ubliean and member of the United Brethren 
chureh. He was married to Amanda, daugh- 
ter of (jhailes MeFadden, of Fayette county, 
Pa. 'riu'y had five sons and four daugh- 
ters, of wIkjmi Hi.\ are living : .John .1., who 
lives near Chautauiiua, Tenn.; William K., 
Albert H., Charles R., and Eliza, widow of B. 
F. Oglovee, residents of Scottdale, and Minnie, 
wife of D. S. Artman, of Connellsville, Pa. 
Mrs. Herbert was a member of the United 
Brethren church and died in 1804. 

At thirteen years of age William K. Herbert 
went to Dunbar, Pa., where he worked for 
Joseph Paul fur five years. In 1808 he went 
from Dunbar to Pittsburg, learned the trade 
of bricklayer and worked at bricklaying for 
four years. In 1872 he removed to Scottdale 
where he worked steadily at his trade until 1888. 
In that year he and his brother Albert,' under 
the firm name of Herbert ..t Brother, engaged in 
butchering and have continued successfully in 
that business ever since. Their convenient and 
commodious meat market is on Pittsburg street. 
By strict attention /o business and honorable 
dealing they have built up a large and substan- 
tial trade. ^^^ K. Herbert has made a thor- 
ough stiuly of butchering and gives his jjcrsonal 
attention to every detail of his slaughter yard 
and meat market. He is amember of Fountain 
Lodge, No. 443, Knights of Pythias, Council, 
No. 102, Jr., 0. U. A. M., 200 Conclave, Im- 
proved Order of Heptasophs and the J'^quitable 
Aid Association, 310. 

On November 20, 1874, he was united in 
marriage with Belle Striekler, a daughter of 
Joseph Striekler, of Fayette county. Pa., and 
their union has been blessed with five children : 
Harry, born in 1875; Frank, born in 1877; 
Edwin, born in 1880; Joseph, born in 1883, 
and .lennie. born in 1880. Mr. and Mrs. Her- 
bert are menjliers of the Meliiodist Episcopal 

In politics W. K. Herbert is a republican 
and one of Scott(hile's useful citizens. 



■ f ft/t ^/'tf / 1 

Photo by 9pringet 


^Sr brated Connullsville coke region embraces 
about one hundred aii'l twenty sijuare 
miles of territory, in which is nianufaclured 
two-thirds of all the cuke jirodiiced in the 
United States. Out of its vein of pure soft 
coal is made the best coke that has ever been 
placed in the markets. The total product of 
Connellsville coke is now over five million tons 
yearly, and one of its reliable and well-known 
manufacturers is Enoch A. Humphreys, of 
Scottdale. lie was born in South Staffordshire, 
in the western part of England, September '21, 
1852, and is a son of Reuben 11. and Ann 
(Guy) Humphries, natives of the above-named 
place. Ueuben U. Humphries immigrated in 
ISGS to AVushington county, I'a., where he re- 
sided a few months and then removed to .Scott- 
dale. lie remained here a short time and then 
went to Blair county, this State, where he pur- 
chased a farm and engaged in farming until 
1889. In the fall of 1889 he returned to Scott- 
dale, where he now resides. Mr. Humphries 
lias always been active, industrious and tlmr- 
ough-going, a member of the United brethren 
church, and now in the hi'Lv-ninth year of his 

Enoch A. Humphries was reared and edu- 
cated in South StaiVordsliire, England, until 
sixteen years of age. At liiat age lu^ accoiu- 
panied his parents to Washington coiinly, where 
he was employed for about one year in a mer- 
cantilf establishment at. Monongahila city, i'^rom 
ISTl to 1ST4 he was engaged in teaching vocal 
and instrumental music. He was very success- 
ful in giving music lessons on the organ and 
piano and can play well on any hoi'n belonging 
to a iiand. In hST') Mr. Humjihries began his 
successful business career in the world-renowned 
Connellsville coke region as superintendent of 
the Charlotte Furnace Company's coke works 
at Scottdale. For eleven years he fdled tliis 
jiosition with crcilit to bimscH' and Kiilisl'aclion 
to liis i'mph)ycrs. l)iiring tiiis long term ol' 

service he devoted himself so assiduously to the 
discharge of his duties that he became thor- 
oughly ac(juainted with all the details of coal- 
mining and coke manufacture. In 1881) he re- 
signed his superintendency to engage in the 
coke trade. He purchased a farm underlaid 
with coal of 15. F. Newcomer, of Upper Ty- 
rone, Fayette county. Pa. To this farm, just 
across the Westmoreland county line, he added 
the coal interests of W. A. Keifer, in an ad- 
joining tract of land in this county, and upon 
these lands he erected the Humphries coke 
works. In August, 1889, he purchased the 
coke plant at Watt station, near Dunbar, Fay- 
ette county, Pa., and is now successfully oper- 
ating both plants, containing one hunilred and 
three ovens. He is favorably known as a reli- 
able and energetic operator in his line of busi- 
ness. AVith the extension of the steel and iron 
trade of the future will come an increased de- 
mand for coke, and the fact has been duly ap- 
preciated by the late heavy investors in Con- 
nellsville coal lands, and Mr. Humphries' present 
prosperous works give p.omise of largely in- 
creased production whenever future trade will 
warrant. He already sujjplies several large 
manufacturers and furnace owners with a su- 
perior article of desulphurized Connellsville coke, 
and is perfecting arrangements to enlarge his 
plants and increase bis niindier of ovens. 

In 1M75 he was married to Esther Wiley, 
daughter of Sampson AViley, of Upper Tyrone 
townshi]!, I'^ayette county, Pa., and sister to 
James \V. \\'iley, of Everson, Pa. They have 
f(jur children living, one son and three daught- 
ers: Georgia, Mary, Anna and Leigh Chester. 

E. A. Humphries is a rt'publican in politics, 
has served as a. member of the town council of 
Scottdale and is a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity. He is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, superintendent of its Sunday 
school and is always interested in every meas- 
uri^ promotive ol' the prusperily of cither the 
school or the church. Mr. llMinpbries belongs 


to tliiit class of auU-iiiiulc iin'ii wlio invariably 
acliicvi; .success in whatever tliev iiiiilcrtake. 
]lu is lii^^lily esteeineil lor liis (iiie executive 
aliility, liis ('orrect Ijiisiness inelhoils ami honest 
(.leaiiii'' with the public. 

,OIlNELIUS M. JAUUKTT, a merchant 
of Scottdale, was born June 2'J, 18G2, 
in Union township, Monongalia county, 
W. Va., and is a son of Thomas M. and Ellen 
(McShane) Jarrett. His grandfather, John Jar- 
rett, was born in IIW in Ohio, and at the age 
of ten years was taken by his parents to Ken- 
tucky, where they were pioneers of the "dark 
and bloody ground " at the time when " The 
lovers of adventure began to pour themselves 
into the territory, whose delicious climate and 
fertile soil invited the presence of social man." 
In this country he grew to manhood, then re- 
moved to West Virginia where he passed the 
remainder of his life. lie was a millwright by 
trade and built many mills in West Virginia 
and southern Pennsylvania. lie died in 1840. 
Thomas M. Jarrett (father) was born in 182-1 
near Morgantown, W. V'a. lie learned the 
trade of nail making, at which he worked until 
18."/J, when he was appointed superintendent of 
tlie l.>aurel Iron Uom])any near ^lorgantown, 
which position he held for seven years. During 
the next si.x years he followed farming and in 1873 
removed to Tyrone townsiiip, Fayette county, 
I'a., whore he continued to farm until 1881', at 
which time he removed to Scottdale. He was 
married in 1847 to Ellen, a daughter of Cor- 
nelius ilcShane, of near Morgantown, AV. Va., 
and to their union have been born thirteen chil- 
dren, eleven of whom are living: Mary, Emma, 
Judge, Henry, Fannie, John, Cornelius, l;0u, 
Walter, Oliver and Abner. Mr. Jarrett, who is 
an active rejniblican and a member of the M. E. 
church, is still living at Scottdale. His wife 
died March 2l», 1882. 

("orni'lius M. Jarrett was reared in the State 

of AVest A'irginia. He assisted on the farm, 
atteudi'd the public schools and took a course at 
a business college. In IXSi] he located at 
Scottdale and (juibiirked in the nKTcantile busi- 
ness, which he slill coutiiiui-s. lie is a re[)ub- 
licaii and a zealous worker for his party ; be- 
longs to Fountain Eodge, No. 443, Knights of 
I'ythias ; Scottdale Council, No. 102, Jr. 0. U. 
A. M., and to the Knights of Maccabees 

Cornelius M. Jarrett was married in July, 
188i), to Laura A., a daughter of L. L. Cona- 
way, of Pittsburg, Pa. 

•i[*AMES II. JONES, foundry boss of the 
'f " Charlotte Furnace company at Scottdale, 
(5j Pa., was born February 8, 1835, in Balti- 
more county, Maryland, and is a son of David 
and Eliza (Hunter) Jones. David Jones was 
born in 17it5 in Wales, and in 1828 immigrated 
to the United States, settling in Baltimore, Md., 
where he continued for about eight years the 
rolling-mill work which he had learned in Wales. 
In 183G he remc ed to Richmond, Va., where 
he also worked at his trade in the mills. In 
1840 he migrated to Pittsburg, whence he re- 
moved after about two years to Hanging Rock, 
Lawrence county, Ohio, wliere he died in 1878. 
Mr. Jones married Eliza Hunter about 1823 
in London, England, a native of that city, who 
bore him four children. He was an "old-line 
whig," but after the war a republican, though ho 
took no active part in political matters. His 
wife died in Lawrence county, Ohio, in 1881. 

James II. Jones was reared in Baltimore, 
Md., where he attended the public schools until 
seventeen years of age, when he started to learn 
engineering. He first had charge of a station- 
ary engine in the rolling-mills at Hanging Rock, 
Ohio; then for three years an engine on the B. 
iS: O. R. R. ; then for two years an engine in a 
mill in Pittsburg, and was with Jones and Mc- 
Laughlin for about three years. In 18G4 he 
enlisted in the naval si'rvice in the Mississippi 


squadron and served until the close of the war, 
after which he was appointed inspector of en- 
gines in the Pittsburg yards. In 18tj7 he en- 
gaged with the I/iiughlin IJhist Furnace (!onip;iny 
ol' i'illsburg, and in IcSTH removed to Scoltdah', 
I'a., where he was with Everson, Macruni k Co. 
till their dissolution, when he was employed by 
the Charlotte Furnace Company of the same 
place, with which he still remains. Until a year 
ago he was an engineer, but was then appointed 
foundry boss, which position he now holds. He 
is a republican, and with his wife belongs to the 
M. E. church at Scottdulo. lie is a member of 
Col. Ellsworth Post, No. 20'J, G. A. II., and of 
Mt. iMoriah Lodge, 3G0, I. 0. 0. F., botli of 

James II. Jones married in 1856 Lydia, 
daughter of John McGraw of Armstrong county, 
Pa., and to their union eight chihlren have been 
born, of whom three are living : Lydia, the 
eldest, wife of John Ganett of Scottdalc ; Silas, 
and Alice, wife of John Stevens of Scottdalc. 
Mr. Jones is an excellent man and a highly re- 
spected member of society. 

HRAIIAM L. KEISTER, president of 
the First National cank of Scottdalc 
and a manufacturer of Connellsville col<e, 
was born in Tyrone township, Fayette county, 
Pa., September 10, 18.r2. His father is of 
German descent as was his mother, whose nuiiden 
name was Stauft'er. 

Abraham li. Keister was reared on a farm 
until nearly seventeen years of age. He then 
entered the preparatory department of Otter- 
bein college, Ohio, and was graduated from this 
well-known institution of learning in 1874. 
Returning to his native State he taught the two 
years following a district school. The next 
year after his return from college he selected 
the law for a vocation. He was registered in 
187;") as a law .-student at Uniontown, Fayette 
county, Pa., with tiio Hon. C. E. Boyle as his 

preceptor and read under that eminent lawyer 
until the autumn of the succeeding year, when he 
went to Dayton, Ohio, and finished his legal 
studies under Judge 1'homas O. JiOwe of that 
city. In February, liS7!S, Mr. Keister was 
admitted to jiractice before the bar of the 
Supreme Court of Ohio. Immediately after 
his admission there he entered upon the active 
practice of his profession at Columbus, the 
capital of the State, and remained there in suc- 
cessful practice for three years. In 1881 his 
health had become so impaired by close applica- 
tion in the District and Supreme Court of Ohio 
that he was compelled to abandon the work of 
his chosen profession. In the same year he 
returned to his native State, and in 1882 lie 
engaged in the manufacture of the celebrated 
Connellsville coke, in which business he is still 
interested. He is also interested in the First 
National bank of Scottdalc, of which he is 
president. Mr. Keister has been president of 
the Scottdale Cemetery Association since its 
organization and incorporation in 188(1 He 
has been a member of the Scottdale school 
board since 1888 and served as president of 
that body till November of that year, when he 
resigned the presidency on account of a pro- 
longed trip he was arranging for and shortly 
afterwards made through Southern California 
and the "Pacific Slope." Mr. Keister has 
alway been a republican in politics, is married 
and has been a permanent resident of his native 
State since 1881, and of Scottdale from the 
spring of 1886 until the present time. 

pJ-'HEODORE C. KENNEY. Among the 
\jfj manufacturing interests that contribute 
Y largely to the success and prosperity of 
Scottdale is the foundry, machine-shop and en- 
gine-building business of Kcnney & Co., which 
is ileserving of special notice in the industries of 
the county as well as of Scottdalc borougii, and 


the credit oi its sucoossfiil establishment is due 
to tlie elhiits of Tht'ddoi-e 0. Keiiney, tiie senior 
ineniljer of the aliuve named tinn. lie is a son 
of John W. and Catliarine (Keller) Kenney, imd 
was born in Carnarvon township, Berks county, 
I'a. His parents are natives and residents of 
the above county. His father, John \\ . Ken- 
ney, was born in 1821 and was employed in ore 
mining and mine engineering until a few years 
back, when lie retired from active life. He is 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
has served his township as school director and 
held various other local offices. 

Theodore C. Kenney was reared in Carnarvon 
township and received his education in the com- 
mon schools. He learned engineering with his 
father, received an advantageous oiler from 
Thomas Kicliar<ls, a builder of blast furnaces, 
and accompanied him to souther.i Illinois where 
Mr. llichards made him his time-keeper and 
soon promoted him to be foreman on the con- 
struction of a large furnace. He held this latter 
position for eighteen months, then went into the 
machinery department and had charge of the 
blast engine and pumps for four and one-half 
years. Leaving Illinois, he came to Pittsburg 
where he was engineer for Laughlin it Co., 
and ran their bhist engine for nearly two years. 
In October, 1H72, ho removed to Scottilale where 
he was employed by '' Charlotte furnace com- 
pany " to take charge of the blast engine and 
machinery of their furnace. After remaining 
•with this company lor eight years he rccrivid a 
\v\\ good ollrr IVoiii an I )hi(i luriiarr i-(iiupany 
and went to Steubinvilie and assumed mana"e- 
ment of a blast furnace. At the end of five 
months he concluded not to move his family to 
Ohio, but to resign, i-eturn to Scottdale and en- 
gage in business for bimsrif. This resolution 
was no sooner taken on his jiart than he carried 
it into immediate execution ami returned to the 
latter named plaee. He formed a partnership 
•with J. I). Hill, under the firm name of Hill & 
Kenney, and engaged in the foundry and nui- 

chine-sliop business. In Augtist, 1880, they 
jiurcbased the lan<l on whicli to erect their foun- 
dry and machine-shop of iOverson, Macrum it 
Co. 'I'hey Were successful as machinists and 
brass and iron founders, making siiecialties of 
coke-manufacturers' supplies, and kept a full line 
of brass and iron fittings, brass castings and 
machinery supplies. They employed twenty 
men and transacted a business of $40,000 [ler 
year until 1881, when Mr. Hill retired from the' 
business and A. K. IStaufter became his success- 
or in the firm, which changed in name to Kenney 
it Co. Since 1884 the works have been en- 
larged, new departments added to the business 
and the plant now covers over two acres of 
ground. The new firm has added to their 
business the manufacture of stationary steam en- 
gines and engine castings. They employ si.xty 
skilled mechanics, build a large number of first- 
class engines every year and ship them west of 
the Mississippi river and south into the new iron 
manuhicturing regions of Alabama, as well as 
supplying a large home demand and filling fre- 
quent orders from the north and east. It is 
estimated that this firm turns out yearly $";"), 000 
worth of work. T. C. Kenney is a member 
of Marion Lodge, No. 5G2, A. Y. M., and the 
Independent Order of Ileptasophs. 

On April 28, 1874, he was united in marriage 
to Emma J. Gant, of Pittsburg, a daughter 
of Joseph Gant. They have five living chil- 
dren, four sons and one daughter: Joseph C, 
John F., William M., Cliarles Morgan and 
Jan.t M. 

Politically he is a republican and has served 
as councilman and school director of Scottdale 
borough. Mr. Kenney is ]iatient, persevering, 
reliable, prompt, honorable and energetic. He 
has never been tempted into any speculative ven- 
ture but has (juictly pui'sued a conservative and 
safe course in business, and has built uj) an in- 
dustry that refiects lusting credit upon himself 
and is a great fiictor in the rapidly increasing 
prosperity of Scottdale. 

I"'''' I ' 



JACOB S. LOUCKS, an enterprising farmer 
near tlie progressive little borough of Scott- 
dale, is a son of Martin and Nancy (Stauf- 
fcr) FiOueks. ^lartin Ldiicks, also a faiiiKT, was 
burn ill itucks county, I'a., in ITHS. At llic 
age of two years lie came with his father, I'etcr 
Loucks west, to Fayette county and settled in 
Tyrone township, but soon came to Westmore- 
land and located in East Huntingdon township 
on a farm, where he resided until his deatli in 
1825. The estate was then purchased by the 
afore-mentioned son, Martin Loucks, on which he 
continued to live until his death in I8(i0, leading 
a lHo^t exemplary life. He was presiding minis- 
ter in the Mennonite church for over thirty 
years and was a man of great energy, strong 
convictions, aggressive for the right ; these 
qualities made him successful in his calling and 
as a business man. Nancy Stauft'er, his wife, 
was a daughter of Abraham Staufl'er, who, like 
the Loucks, was of German descent. She was 
born in 1803 and was a highly respected mem- 
ber of the same church as her husband. To 
their marriage were born eight children, three 
daughters and five sons. 

Jacob S. Loucks was born at the old home- 
stead farm. East Huntingdon towhship, AVest- 
moreland county. Pa., in 1829. He remained 
on the farm until he became of age, attending 
the ordinary subscription schools of the neighbor- 
hood. In 1854 he removed to the old Snyder 
farm south of Scottdale, where he has since lived. 
In 1853 he w;ls married to Mary, daughter of 
John Saylor, of Milford township, Somerset 
county, Pa. Eleven children was the result of 
this marriage, two of wliom died in infancy. 
He and wife are both members of the Mennonite 
church at Stonerville, of which he is one of the 

He is a stanch republican and has been elec- 
ted to various local offices by that paity. The 
Loucks were among the first pioneers who set- 
tled I'last Huntingdon township and one of its 
most highly esti'enied and rt'spected faiuiiies. 

'toSEPII McCULLOGII was born August 

J 12, 1850, in Ireland, and is a sou of James 
and Mary Jane (Hamilton) McCullogh. 
James ^IcCullogh was born in the " Emerald 
Isle" and came to the United States in 18;j5 
when but eighteen years old. locating in the 
" City of Brotherly Love," but afterwards re- 
turned to Ireland, where he died in 1882 at the 
age of sixty-five years. His wife was Mary 
Jane Hamilton, of Canada, who died in 1881, 
being si.xty-one years of age. 

Joseph McCullogh spent his boyhood days in 
the land of Eminett, whose scliools he attended, 
and came to I'hiJadeliihia, Pa., at the age of 
eight years, where he learned the plasterer's 
trade, at which he continued to work in that 
city until twenty years of age. He followed the 
same occupation in Pittsburg for two years, iind 
in 187;! located at Scottdale, where he has ever 
since resided and engaged in contracting for 
plastering. Being an exceptionally fine work- 
man he has succeeded in gaining an excellent 
reputation and a large and growing business. 
Mr. McCullogh is a member of the K. of P., the 
I. 0. 0. 1^., the F. and A. J\L, and attends 
the Presbyterian church. He has twice served 
in the e'ouncil of the borough of Scottdale, 
having been elected on the republican ticket. 
Believing in the measures of the Republican 
party he labors actively in their support. En- 
ergetic, careful and economical, he has accumu- 
lated a goodly share of this world's goods and 
owns valuable property in his adopted town. 
Two of his brothers, James and Francis, served 
in the Civil war; his brother Francis served 
four and one-half years in the Navy depart- 
ment and now resides in Philadelphia; his 
brother James served six months in the late 
war but afterwards died iu Philadelphia of 

Joseph McCullogh was married in 1880, to 
Maggie, a daughter of John Klingensmith, !iow 
of Scottdale, but formerly of Armstrong county, 
Pa. They have three children : Rebecca, born 


April 2, IHSl'; Annie, Decoinbui- 11, 188;J, ami 

r-YY"'''!'^^' .loSKlMl M(J»()WKI;i., A. 
i\l., M. 1). Of the leaiiR'il piot'cssions 
neither is more important or opens a 
■wider field of usefulness than that of medicine, 
which has always numbered among its practition- 
ers many of the most intelligent and cultured men 
in every community, State and Nation. Of the 
young and progressive physicians of this county 
is Dr. William J. McDowell, a student of the 
University of Leipsic, Germany, who has prac- 
ticed his profession successfully for six years in 
Philadelphia, the anthracite coal regions of this 
State and at Scottdale. lie was born in Buffalo 
townsiiip, Washington county, Pa., on the eighth 
day of Februaiy, 18G0, and is a son of John and 
Sarah W. McDowell. John McDowell is a son 
of Joseph McDowell, who was a son of Nathaniel 
McDowell, who immigrated from Scotland and 
thence to county Down, Ireland, and thence to 
America in 1758. 

Sarah W., wife of John McDowell, was 
daughter of William Brownlee, of Scotch descent. 
John McI)owell was born March St, 1820, in 
Washingtcjn county. Pa., where he was reared on 
a farm and received his education in the common 
schools. At an early age he engaged in fanning 
and stock-raising which he has followed ever 
since as his principal business, lie has so 
ihuroiighly Htuilie(l and so well understands tiie 
]>rinciples of successful i'arniing that he stands 
to-day as one of the prominent and foremost 
farmers and stock- raisers of Washington county, 
which has a national reputation for tirst-class 
farms and fine merino sheep. He is a member 
of tlie State Agricultural Association, the 
National Woolgrowers' Association and presi- 
dent of the Penn.sylvania State Fair Association. 
In 1844 he married Sarah W., daughter of 
William Itruwnlce, Washington county, wlio 
died Feln-uary 14, 18(30. There were six 

children, tliree boys and three girls. Johti Mc- 
Dowell is a stanch republican from principle, 
lie is a prominent and successful farmer, an in- 
telligent and thorough-going business man and a 
useful and inlhieiitial citizen. 

Dr. \Villiam J. McDowell was reared on his 
father's farm in Washington county. Pa. lie 
attended the common schools until he was 
fourteen years of age, then entered Washington 
and Jefferson colleges, from which time-honored 
institution he was graduated on the twenty-sec- 
ond of June, 1881, and received the degree of A. 
M. in 1884. Having accjuired a thorough edu- 
cation he turned his attention to medicine as 
his chosen vocation of life. In order to have the 
advantages of European medical science he en- 
tered in July, 1881, the medical dejjartment 
of the world-renowned University of Leijizig 
(English, Leipsic) Germany, where he studied 
for two years. He then returned to America 
and attended Jeiferson Medical college of Phila- 
delphia, from which celebrated institution he 
was graduated in the class of 1884. After his 
graduation in Philadelphia he practiced for one 
year in t*^ at city and then removed to the an- 
thracite coal regions of Pennsylvania, where he 
located at Trcvorton and obtained a good practice. 
In August, 1887, he left Trcvorton and came to 
Scottdale, where he has engaged ever since in 
the active i)ractice of his chosen profession. 

In Philadelphia, on November 10, 1884, Dr. 
McDowell united in marriage with Mattie Beat- 
rice Williams, a daughter of L. C. Williams and 
born in Hichinond, Virginia, September 11), 
18G0. They have no children. 

Dr. W. J. McDowell is a rejiublican in politics. 
He is a genial and aiVablc gentleman, a well-read 
and skillful physician and a thorough and classical 

ATHANIEL MILES, general manager 
of Charlotte Furnace Company and a 
prominent citizen of Westmoreland county, 
was born in Pittsburg, Pa., June 27, 18.02. He 

) V 



is a son of Edwin ami Sarali E. (Jones) Miles, 
both natives of Cliestor eounty, Pa. Edwin 
Miles was born in 1812 and in 1840 removed 
to IJlair county, I'a,, whcie lie was eoiuieeted 
for many years with tlie ".Juniata Forge and 
Iron Company." From Blair county he re- 
moved to Pittsburg where he has resided ever 
since. Mr. Miles has always been engaged in 
the rolling-mill and furnace business and for the 
last seven years has been the ellicient chairman 
of the " Charlotte Furnace Company," limited. 
He has been throughout life an<l is to-day not- 
withstanding his advanced years an active, ener- 
getic and successful business man. He is one 
who amid all the cares of business has preserved 
an unsullied rei)Utation for honesty, integrity 
and morality and has ever valued highly the 
cause of religion. He is a regular attendant at 
and a liberal contributor to the Sandusky street 
Baptist church, of Pittsburg. 

Nathaniel Miles Avas reared in Pittsburg. 
He was educated in the Western University of 
Pennsylvania, from which institution he gradu- 
ated June 28, 1870. Leaving college, he de- 
sired to obtain the benefit of a thorough and 
practical business training before engaging in 
any commercial pursuit for himself With this 
end in view he entered the large and wiilely 
known wholesale and retail grocery house of Ar- 
buckle Brothers of I'ittslnirg. He remained 
with them for three years, during which period 
he familiarized himself with every minor detail 
of tlu'ir vast liusiness enterprise as well as 
studying the general jniuciples upon which it 
was founded and the methods by which its great 
volume of daily transactions was conducted. 
Specially qualified for business life by his three 
year's services with Arbueklc Brothers, he re- 
Tnoved in 187;J to Seottilale and became book- 
keeper and assistant manager of "' Charlotte 
Furnace Company." limited. After ten years 
of ellicient service in tliis position he was made 
general manager and has served satisfactorily 
as such ever since. Since 1M74 Mr. Miles has 

served as secretary and treasurer of the 
" (Jreenlick narrow gauge railroad," which con- 
nects with the Mount Pleasant branch of the 
l^altimore and Ohio railroad. From July, 1888, 
to July, 188'J, he was treasurer of the Scottdale 
Water Works Company. 

He was married August 9, 1884, to Jennie 
C. Overholt. They have three childien : Roy 
Overholt, Edwin and Eugene. Mrs. Miles is a 
daughter of Henry S. and Abigail (Carpenter) 
Overholt. Henry S. Overholt was born in 1810 
and died in 1870. His father, Abraham Over- 
holt, " the immediate progenitor of the large 
family bearing his name in Westmoreland county, 
and who made that name a household word, not 
oidy in western Pennsylvania but in almost 
every region of the country, was descended trom 
immigrant Martin Overholt," who came from 
Germany to Bucks county, Pa., during the 
early part of the eighteenth century. Abraham 
Overholt was " never known to disappoint a 
creditor seeking payment, was gentle to his em- 
ployes and straightforward in all his dealings." 
He was the first discoverer of coal in his section 
of the county, was a public-spirited citizen and 
earnestly advocated the present common school 
system of Pennsylvania when its adoption was 
a topic of discussion. 

Nathaniel Miles was a member of the San- 
dusky street Baptist church, 1870 till 1882, 
Since then has been a member of the Scottdale 
Baptist church and is now serving as one of its 
trustees. On account of his business ability 
and sterling integrity his fellow citizens have 
several times elected him to a seat in the bor- 
ough council when matters of more than com- 
mon interest were to come before that body. 

t the successful business men of Scottdale 
(2/ and probably the best auctioneer in the 
State of Pennsylvania, is a son of John C. and 
Elizabeth (Shcppard) M(;rrow and was born in 




East Huntingdon township, Westmoreland 
county, P;i., December 31, 1851. His j^reut- 
}|r;in(lfUtlier, Siiumel Morrow, w;is a native of 
comity 'I'yroiu', Ireland, inmiigraU'tl to Adams 
county, I'a , ]irioi' to the Uevolutioiiary war and 
subseiiuently removed to Westmoreland county. 
From him and two of his brotiiers, who fought 
in the war of the Uevolution, descended the 
Morrow family. The Morrows are widely scat- 
tered over this county and in the western and 
south central States of the Union. Samuel 
Morrow had a son, James Morrow (grandfather), 
who settled in South Huntingdon township 
where lie married and reared a family of thirteen 
children. One of these ciiildren is Jolm C. 
Miirrow (father), wlio was born March M, 182."), 
and is a resident of Mount Pleasant. On Api'il 
'2-2, 1847, he married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Paoli and Catherine (Tarr) Sheppard. Paoli 
Slie]ipard was a soldier of the war of I8I1I and 
the llute that he carried while in the army is 
now in the possession of the subject of this 
sketch. Catlierine Sheppard, a woman of much 
intelligence, was a daughter of Hon. Gasper 
Tarr, who was a son of a Revolutionary soldier 
and a relative of Christian Tarr, a Pennsylvania 
member of Congress. The Tarr family was a 
noted one for their intelligence. Paoli Shep- 
pard was a son of Henry L. Sheppard, of Mas- 
sachusetts, a Revolutionary sohlier wliose father 
was drowned in Boston bay. Paoli Sheppard 
■was a blacksmith by occupation ; lie was noted 
for his extraordinary physical strength and ex- 
treme good nature and was an industrious and 
]irudent citizen. He was over six feet in 
height and weighed two liundrcd and seventy 
piiunds. His sons were all large and tine lnok- 
iiig men and all followed the trade of their 

Jiilin C. Morrow reared a family of four sons 
and f(jur daughters. One of the sons is Paoli 
S. M(jrrow, a well-kno\vn lawyer of Uniontown, 
Pa. .Idhii 0. M(jii(iw is a member (if the 
Mrlh(idi>l Kpisciipal church and an activedemo- 

crat. He has held all the township offices, 
served from 187o to 1870 as director of the poor 
for Westmoreland county, and in 1885 was nom- 
inated by a majiirity of lour lor cnunty com- 
missioner and was only dcfeatcil by a majority 
of four when the remainder of the republican 
ticket was elected by eight hundred majority. 

J. Caldwell Morrow received his education 
in the common schools of Westmoreland and 
Allegheny counties and Madison Normal school. 
From ten to twelve years of ago he resided with 
James Hutchinson, then rejoined his parents, 
who had previously moved to Buena Vista, in 
Allegheny county, Pa., and at sixteen years of 
age began teaching in order to procure the 
means with which to complete his education. 
He taught the first school in Scottdale borough. 
After six years teaching, in 1S7- he engaged in 
his present principal business of auc'tioneering. 
He deals in real estate, is a partner of J. M. 
Wood in two stores, one at West Newton, this 
county, and the other at Rochester, Beaver 
county, Pa., and is also interested in another 
store at Sutersville. 

On September 18, 1873, he was married by 
Rev. N. P. Hacke to Amanda Walthour, 
daughter of Michael Walthour, a well-known 
hotel keeper of the county. They have seven 
children, five sons and two daughters : Emmet 
Ray, Clarence, Maude, Morrill Clyde, Joseph 
Caldwell, Jr., Mabel Clara and Charles. 

J. Caldwell jNIorrow is a strong democrat, a 
member of Scottdale Lodge, No. 885, Inde- 
))endent Order of Odd Fellows, Knights of 
Maccabees and the ^lethodist Episcopal church. 
He was the tirst local editor of the Scottdale 
Tribune, corresponded for difterent papers 
throughout the United States and was favorably 
known as a press reporter. In 187- Mr. Mor- 
row engaged in auctioneering and has continued 
successfully in that line of business ever since. 
He has sold gooils in sixty counties of Penns3'l- 
vania, thirteen dill'erent States of the Union 
and in selliiiir ■roods has traveled in and tlirou'di 


twent}^-tlirco Stutos. His success as an auc- 
tioiH'cr lias been wondert'iil, almost iilienoiiiunal. 
lie isalarj^'e and fine-looking man, weighing 245 
pounds, intelligent .courteous, tall and command- 
ing, lie stands high in his community as a 
gentleman ami is deserving of the success he has 

terial resources of '• southwestern Penn- 
sylvania" have never found their equal 
elsewhere. Of these are the great beds of 
Connellsville coking coal of world-wide fame. 
Among the many 0]ierators who have been en- 
gaged in nianufactui-ing the unsurpassed coke of 
this famous region is Benjamin F. Overholt, 
who is a gr-.ndson nf "the late .Muahaiu Over- 
luilt, ihe iniuiediiile prugcnitnr of the large 
family bearing his name in Westmoreland county, 
and who made that name a houjeiiold word, not 
ordy in western Pennsylvania but in almost 
every region of the country." Benjamin F. 
Overholt is the eldest son and second child of 
Henry S. and Abigail (Carpenter) Overholt 
and was born near Scottdale, East Huntingdon 
townsidp, Westmoreland county, Pa., July I'J, 
1848. The Overholts Of Pennsylvania trace 
their German lineage thr(jugh Martin Overholt, 
who came from Gernniny to Bucks county, this 
State, about 1»09 and died in 1846. One of 
his children was Henry Overholt (great-grand- 
father), who was bdrii in 17;!'.i. He married 

.•\nu Itcillcr, by "I i hi' had five sons and 

seven daughters. In INOD, uccompanied by 
his entire family, he removed to ^Vestmoreland 
county and settled on a tract of land now 
known as the Overholt homestead in West 
Overton. He dieil in 181:! and his widow 
pa.sscd away in l88.j. His eleventh child 'was 
the widely and favorably known -Vbraham (Over- 
holt (grandfather), who was bcn-u in Bucks 
county. Pa., in 1780. He learueil and followed 
the trade of weaving until 1810, when he en- 

gaged in farming. Two years later he ])ur- 
chased one hundred and fifty acres of the 
homestead farm, including a log distillery, for 
seventy-five hundred dollars, and entered upon 
a long and successful business career. He built 
a stone distillery; erected a brick mill and in 
1859 replaced them both with one of the largest 
and best equipj)ed distilleries in Penn.sylvania. 
He died January L"), 1870, at the advanced age 
of eighty-four years. '-As a business man he 
was distinguished for the order with which he 
conducted all his affairs, for his firmness and de- 
cision, for promptness, great energy and punc- 
tuality." He was kind, straightforwarci and 
public-spirited. He advocated at an early Jay 
the present common school system of Pennsyl- 
vania, was an ardent vepublican and in every w ay 
was entitled to the distinction uf being a prdiiiiiieiit 
and hoiKUeil eiti/.en of westriii I'eiinsvlvaiii.i. 
In 180;i he married Maria ytaiiiVer, who died 
in 1874. They had six sons and two daughters, 
of whom three are living. The eldest son, 
Henry S. Overholt (father), was born August 
10, 1810, and died June 18, 1870. On Feb- 
ruary 10, 1840, he was united in marriage with 
Abigail, daughter of B. F. and Mary (Sarver) 
Carpenter, of Versailles township, Allegheny 
county, Pa. Their children arc: Sarah A., 
wife of A. S. R. Overholt; 15. F., Maria C, 
Abigail C, wife of Dr. J. K. Smith, of Cleve- 
land, Ohio; Abram C, of Scottdale; Henry C, 
of Cleveland, Ohio; and Jennie C, wife of 
Nathaniel Miles (see his .sketch). Mrs. Over- 
holt is of Ciernian descent, was born March 13. 
1824, and resides in ('leveland, Ohio. Henry 
S. Overholt was a very honorable and successful 
business man. He was an active republican 
and a straightforward man. He was his father's 
book-keeper until 1844, wiieii he went into part- 
nership with his father in the mill and distillery 
and continued in that business until his death 
in 1870. 

Benjamin F. Overholt was educated in tlie 
common schools, Wcsterville Ifniversity (Ohio), 

ItUIUIUOO i -uo 


:iii(l tin' Mt. I'lc'isaiit Institute of this county. 
lie iitti'iukil lliy;uit iiiiil Stiattoii's Business 
euUege at I'liiladeipliia, I'a., and graduated witli 
tlie lioiuus of liis elass. On leaving school lie 
engau'ed in llie distillery liiisiness \vitli liis father 
unt.l the death of the latter in 1.S70. In IS?-' 
he ami A. S. K. Overliolt purchased the dis- 
tillery and ran it until 1873, when they sold it. 
They engaged in the manufacture of coke in 
ISTii and in 1878 sold their si.xty-two ovens to 
A. C. Overholt &; Co., who added forty-eight 
additional ovens to the plant. In the last men- 
tioned year B. F. Overholt became the present 
general manager of A. C. Overholt & Go's coke 

B. F. Overholt was married July IG, 1884, 
to Florence M. Osterhout. They have one 
child, a son, who is named William II., and 
was born April M, 188(J. ]\Irs. Overholt was 
born at Glenwood, Susquehanna county, Pa., 
July 19. 1850, and is the daughter of William 
II. Osterhout, of Ridgway, Elk county. Pa. 

B. F. Overholt is a member of Lodge, No. 
Tils, Order of Solon, at Oreensburg, i'a. He 
is anaeti\e republican, has been .siiccessfid in his 
various business enterprises and is a prominent 
and favorably known citizen of .Scottdale. 

•|".\.MI':S P. OWKNS is a son c.f Jonathan 

J and Saiah A. Owens (nee l)cinoliue), both 
natives of Bedford county, Pa. Jonathan 
Owens was a wagon and carriage manufacturer 
at ( 'enlicville, iieilford county, where he sin'- 
cessfully canied on that line of business f(jr 
many years. lie was a devoteil member of the 
Catholic ebureh and die(l at New llaltiuKjre, 
Somerset county, Pa., in IHtid at the age of 
forty-nine years. He was a stanch democrat 
and an exem[ilary citizen during his whole life. 
His wife died in 1874 in Cuniberbind, Mary- 
land, at the age of tifty-si.x. 

James 1'. Owens is a native of Be(lfoi-d county, 
Pa., and was born at Ccntreville, iMarch I'J, 

18r);5, wherc^ In: remained till at the age of twelve 
years when he removed with his parents to New 
Baltimore, thence to Cumberland, Maryland. 
There he was engaged as a puddler from 1871 
to IN7I. lie ccinlinued to reside at (luirdier- 
laiid, however, till the year 1880, when he came 
to Westmoreland county and located at Scott- 
dale where he was engaged in the iron business 
up to 1884. In 188G he was appointed by 
President Cleveland postmaster at Scottdale and 
took charge of the office September 1, 188G. 
He has since very capably and acceptably filled 
the office and is the present incumbent. He is 
an active and influential democrat, a consistent 
member of the Catholic church and has served 
for three years as member of the town council. 

He was married in 1879 to Eva, a daughter 
of Casper Glos. of Cumberland, Maryland. To 
their marriage have been born five children, of 
whom three are living — one son and two daugh- 
ters: James II., Margaret L. and Annie M. 
Mary E. died at the age of five years in 1885 
and Edgar died in 1888, at the age of four or 
five nmnths. 

James P. Owens is a striking example of a 
self'-nnide man Starting in life with nothing 
he has overcome the many obstacles that arose 
in his way and has won respectable recognition 
socially as well iis in the business world. He is 
a stdckhnlder in tin: natural gas company at 
Scottdale, and is also a stockholder in the build- 
ing and loan association at Scottdale. Mr. 
Owens iiehuigs to that class of young men who 
give to a town or community the business pros- 
perity it may possess. 

•fOHN S. PARKFK. Too much cannot be 
I said of the representative and leading busi- 
®/ 'ness men of Scottdale, for it is to their 
intelligence and enterprising spirit that the 
borough owes its present pros[)crity, and its 
oldest and aiuong its most prominent and infUi- 
cntiiil merchants is John S. Parker, whose busi- 


'A V 




nes3 ciiroer tluTo iliitos from 187-3, wlien the 
town was ioiindod. lie wiis born iie;n' Wusl 
Newton in Scwickley townaliip, Westniurulinid 
county, l';i., Jaiiuiiry l!8, 1812, and is a sou of 
Jolin S.atKlJanc((jrayhain) I'arkur. Ilisfatlior, 
John S. Parker, was born in Ohio, tlien a part 
of tlic " Northwest Territory," in 1792. Wliile 
yet a young man he left Ohio, which was then 
the western frontier of civilization, and came to 
Westmoreland county, where he engaged in the 
mercantile business. He opened a store at 
West Newton, and meeting with good suceess he 
established a second store at Reagantown and 
was one of tlie early and well-known merchants 
of Westmoreland county. He was a soldier of 
the war of 1812, a member of the Presbyterian 
church and died at Reagantown in 1857. His 
wife, Jane (Grayham) Parker, was a native of 
this county, a member of the Presbyterian 
cluirch and a woman of remarkable business 
ability. After his death she took charge of the 
Reagantown store and with the assistance of her 
two sons conducted it successfully for many 
years. She was born in 1802 and died in Feb- 
ruary, 1882, an octogenarian in years. 

John S. Parker was trained from boyhood to 
mercantile pursuits. His education was obtained 
in the schools of Reagantowh and West Newton. 
He assisted his mother in conducting the store 
at Reagantown until 1872. In February, 187-J, 
he formed a partnership with his brother-in-law, 
James B. Smith, and engaged in the mercantile 
business at Scottdale under the firm name of 
I'arker ^*c Smith. Tiiey began merclnuulising 
upon a small scale but gradually increased their 
stock and gained custom until 1881, when they 
were among the leading merchants of the place. 
During the same year Mr. Smith withdrew and 
S. B. McMillan and George 0. Parker became 
members of the lirm. 'I'lie name was then 
changed to J. S. Parker k Co. and so continued 
till lSS-1, wiien Mr. McMillan retired and tlie 
lirm name biiaiiu' .]. S. I'arker \ Bro. This 
firm has continued successfully until the present 

time, commands a large and extensive trade and 
occupies a large brick store building of four 
rooms or departments, which are heavily stocked 
with everything to be found in a first-class 
general mercantile establishment. On Novem- 
ber 11, 18tJU, John S. Parker was married to 
Pauline Ruff, daughter of Jonas lUifl, of Mt. 
I'leasant township, this county. Their family 
consists of five children living: Harry, Frank, 
Jennie G., Effie i\I. and John C. 

John S. Parker, in addition to being the senior 
member of the firm of J. S. Parker & Bro., of 
Scottdale, is a partner in the dry goods house of 
Hurst k Co., of the same place. He built one 
of the first houses erected in Scottdale, is a 
stockholder in the " Scottdale Iron and Steel 
Company, limited," and has always taken an 
active part in every measure calculated to ad- 
vance the material interests or contribute to the 
prosperity of the borough. ]\Ir. Parker is a 
member and trusteee of the First Presbyterian 
church, a successful business man, a public- 
spirited citizen and a highly respected member 
of the community in which he resides. 

TAMES II. POOL, of the firm of Zei^rley k 
'l' Pool, planing-mill men, of Scottdale, Pa., 
^ was born November 26, 18.54, in Hemp- 
field township, Westmoreland county. Pa., and 
is a son of Samuel and Sophia (Bierer) Pool. 
His grandfiither, Zachariah Pool, was a native 
of eastern Pennsylvania, but in liis younger 
days crossed the mountains and located in AVest- 
moreland county, where he carried on farming 
until his death in 1881, at the advanced age of 
ninety-eight years. Samuel Pool (father) is a 
native of Westmoreland county, where he was 
engaged in agricultural pursuits until a few 
years ago when he retired from active business. 
His wife having died in 1««7, he now resides at 
Greensburg with his son, Z. T. Pool ; he is 
seventy years cf age and a member of the Eng- 
lish Lutheran church. Mr. Pool has always 

ii Biiii nm% .ti>4 .li-jtiSA-j nnfsttittikl 


been a very active ami enerf;etic iiuui and very 
hiicci'ssliil in linsiiK'ss. Jolm llicrer (niatoiiiiil 
{^raiKlfutliei) wa.s a native of tJuiniany, and 
came to America, locating in Westmoreland 
county, Pa., of which he was one of the earliest 
settlers, tkere being but few people in the neigh- 
borhood of Greensburg when he arrived in that 
section. He died in 1849 at a ripe age. 

James II. Pool remained at home on his 
father's farm, attending school in the winter and 
working in the summer until he was seventeen 
years old; he then went to Greensburg, learned 
the carpenter's trade and worked at it for five 
years, having located at Manor station some 
eight miles from the county seat. In the fall of 
187'J he went to Scottdale and formed a part- 
nershi]) witii S. J. /earley, the firm name being 
Zearley it Pool. 'I'liey engaged in the planing- 
miil business whicdi tliey have run successfully 
ever since. They do an innuense business and 
execute some of the finest work to be seen in the 
county (see sketch of Mi'. Zeaiiey)- Mr. Pool 
is a member of tlie Lutheran church at Greens- 
burg, an<l is one of tlic most enterprising citi- 
zens of Scottdale, taking an active part in every- 
thing that tends to build up and advance the 
interests of the town. 

James II. Pool was married September 'J4, 
188;'), to Ellen, a daughter of A. L. Rainer, of 
Scottdale, and tlieir union has been blessed with 
one child, a daughter, whom they have named 
Kdna, which signifies "pleasure." 

•^OIIN I. ROGERS, of the firm of J. I. 

f liogers & Co., of Scottdale, was born July 
Qj -(), 1855, near Springfielil, Fayette county. 
Pa., and is a son of Dr. Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Johnston) Rogers. (For ancestry see sketch of 
Dr. Alexandei' J. Rogers.) 

John I. Rogers was reared near the mountain 
village of S|)ringfield, attended the common 
schools and at the age of seventeen entered Mt. 
Pleasant Institute and pursued his studies there 

for one and one-half years. After a summer's 
experience with an engineering corps he returned 
home and took charge of his father's mills at 
Fayette Furnace, remained there two years and 
in 1878 went to Scottdale as clerk in the gen- 
eral store of E. II. Reed, in whose employ he 
remained for seven years. In 1885 he became a 
partner in the concern and the firm name was 
changed to J. I. Rogers & Co. (Limited). Mr. 
Rogers was made manager, secretary and treas- 
urer of the firm and has held these responsible 
positions ever since. The firm is one of the old- 
est, largest and most substantial in Scottdale, 
does an immense trade and fully deserves the 
liberal patronage it has been receiving. John I. 
Rogers is a member of Marion Lodge, No. 5tJ2, 
F. & A. M. and adheres to the political faith of 
the Republican party. He is an agreeable gentle- 
num of fine appearance and physi(iue and pos- 
sesses business qualifications of a high order. 
Although thirty-four years of age Mr. Rogers 
lias successfully withstood the assaults of Cupid 
and is yet basking in the sunshine of "single 

Among the jjrominent physicians of 
Wcstmorchind county wiiose skill and 
success have won tlicni reputation and honora- 
ble standing is Dr. Alexander J. Rogers, who 
served in the ranks of the grand old Army of 
the Potomac and is the oldest resident jihysi- 
cian of Scottdale. He is a son of Dr. Joseph 
and Elizabeth (Johnston) Rogers and was born 
at Fayette furnace, Fayette county, Pa., Octo- 
ber 12, 1834. Maj. James Rogers (grandfather) 
was a native of Virginia, who emigrated in an 
early day to Fayette county. Pa. He was 
among the first iron masters of western Penn- 

lie afterwards erected on Rush Creek, (^liio, 
tiie pioneer forge of that State. He and Col. 
Paul of Fayette county. Pa., had several adven- 

, U.ji. 



tiircs with Indiana and served in an expcditioii 
aj^ainst the Indians oi Dliio. Maj. Kuyurs was 
siu'cossfu! in his i'liinaoe and t'ciij:o vcntiiri's and 
<li('(| al an advanced a;^<' in ihe roiirlh dera<hi <d' 
Ihe [irrsenl rcnlHiy. I )r. .loscjih Ihii^cih (lal h,T) 
wa> a naU\e ul I'ayultc county where lie prac- 
ticed medicine i'or fifty-five years. He was a 
graduate of tlie Medical University of I'ennsyl- 
vania. lie was hirgely and successfully engaged 
in the iron business, served as elder in the 
I'resliyterian church, was an old line whig and 
all his descendants are republicans. Ilediediu 
tlie spring of 1MT4, aged eighty years, lie was 
married in 18-)1 to Elizabeth Johnston. They 
had five sons and seven daughters. Mrs. 
Rogers' father, Alexander Johnston, came from 
Ireland. He was one of the early merchants of 
Connellsville. I'a., an<l purchased large tiacts of 
land at place and at /anesville, (*hio. He 
served for vi'ars as elder in the rresliyierian 
church, was instrumental in building the first 
cliurch of that denominatiim at Connellsville, 
and set aside a large sum of money to be paid to 
the Presbyterian ministers of his adopted town. 
Alexander Johnston only laekeil eight years of 
a century when he died in lS(i;!. 

Dr. Alexander J. Rogers was reareil at 
Fayette Furnace, received his education at Dun- 
lap's Creek Presbyterian academy near Merritts- 
town. Pa., and was graduated in 185l) from that 
institution. In IS.")7 he joined a party going to 
(Jalifornia, was at " Pike's Peak " and Fra/.ier's 
river, anil eani|ieil wx the site of Denver city 
when there was but one house there, which had 
been built and was then occupied by Capt. Lari- 
mer of Pittsburg. In 18()1 he returned home 
and enlisted in the Federal ;irmy. He was a 
member of Co. F, eleventh reg.. Pa., A^ols. He 
participated in all the battles of his regiment 
until llie seven days fight on the peninsula, 
wdien at Gaines' Mill he was wounded in the 
hand and right leg and taken prisoner by the 
confeiU'rales. He was confined im Pellc Island 
till the fallowing October, ibeii exchanged and 

discharged from David's Hospital, Lung Ishuid 
in LSdA. 

On July -t, ISllI, hi' was niiirried Id Margaret 
MeCorniirlv, daiigliliT of Noble M rCniiiicK, of 
Connellsville, I'a. 'I'liry have liiieeliild, Waller 
D., who is now a student at the celebrated Uni- 
versity of Virginia. 

One of Dr. Rogers' brothers was the late Dr. 
James K. Rogers, who held tiie following of- 
ficial positions during the late war: surgeon, by 
appointment of President Lincoln ; lieutenant- 
colonel under commission of President Johnson ; 
corps surgeon under Gen. lleintzelman, and 
assistant medical director of the department of 
Missouri. He was a man of excellent intellect 
and great generosity ; was a good physician, an 
eminently accomplished surgeon, and died at 
Connellsville, Pa., March IS, 1870, agedthirty- 
eiglit years. 

I f clerk of the Charlotte Furnace Com- 
♦ pany, of Scottdale, was born June -0, 
184U, in Baltimore, Md., and is a son of Rev. 
Thomas and Mary (ISurnett) Sewell. Rev. 
Thomas Sewell was born in 1804 at Easton, 
Talbot county, Md., and is a lineal descendant 
of Pocohontas. In his early life he was a chair- 
maker and carried on an extensive chair manu- 
factory at Baltimore until IS.']."), when he was 
a])pointed Collector of tlie Port in Baltimore. 
After eight years in this position he was chosen 
cashier of the Franklin bank iti the same city, 
retained the position for a number of years and 
then embarked in the commission and real es- 
tate business, which he carried on extensively 
throughout the south and acquired considerable 
wealth, but the war came on, which caused so 
great a decline in his southern property tiiat 
almost his entire fortune was swept away. Mr. 
Sewell was the inventor of Sewell's celebrated 
cement, which he maniifictiiied until bis death. 
For about twenty years during the latter part of 

.M«n .r.jj. 



his life lie \v;is an itinerant minister uf tlie M. 
E. clmich. lie niarrieil in IS-J") Mary J., a 
clau;.'liter of Samuel Burnett, of Jialtiniore, who 
was lidi-n in ISOT, ami who liore him tc'ii (-hil- 
(Ircn : Thomas 11., Ann K., Samuel It., .Mary 
J., Sarah A., Klizaheth B., -lames T. and (jeorge 
II. Thomas Sewell died in 18t!7 and his widow 
in 1887 at the age of eighty years. Rev. 
(.leorge Sewell (grandfather) was an ordained 
minister of the M. E. cliureh and died at 
Easton, Md., in 1820. Ills first lieensc is now 
in possession of George II. Sewell, liis grand- 

George II. Sewell was reared in Baltimore, 
attended the public schools and then entered 
Gallagher's college, Baltimore, Md., from which 
he graduated in 18G2. lie then enlisted for 
service in the army as a drummer of Co. B., 
first JIaryland reg , but was transferred to the 
government secret service in which he remained 
until the end of the war. In 18G7 he in con- 
nection with Col. Cooper was instrumental in 
quelling the "negro riots" at Baltimore. After 
the war Mr. Sewell followed carpentry for nine 
years, and in 1874 entered the service of the B. 
(& 0. H. R. as "trace agent," witli head(|uarters 
at Cumberland, Md., where lie remained till 
1881, when he engaged as general clerk for 
Everson, Macrum k, Co., at Scottdale, I'a. At 
the dissolution of the firm he became chief clerk 
for the Charlotte Furnace Company of the same 
place which position he still retains. He is an 
iiclivc workrr in (lie interests of the Itcpuhlican 
party, ami is now chairman of the republican 
association of Seolldale. lie is a member of 
the Knights of j'ythias, in which he is district 
deputy, grand ehaiieelloi-, inspector geneial of 
the Uniform Rank and is one <if the stall' of 
Brig. Gen. S. S. Simmons. He is district 
grand chic^f of the Knights of tlie Golden 
Eagle and secretary of the I iiilei>endent Order 
of Ileptasophs ; also a member of Scuttilale 
Council, No. 1U2, Jr. G. U. A. M., and (d' 
Chosen Friends Lodge, No. 32, I. 0. O. V., of 

Cumbei'land city. He owns valuable property 
on Loucks avenue, Scottdale, and is one of the 
good business men of the place. Both he and 
his wife are mcndieis of the i!a)itist ehurch of 
Scottdale. Mr. Sewell is leader of the choir, 
which is considered one of the best in western 
Pennsylvania, containing twenty-one voices, two 
cornets, clarionet and flute. 

George H. Sewell married in 1.S72 Jennie, a 
daughter of Samuel Horn, of Allegheny county, 
Md., who was born in 1855, and who is the 
mother of four children, all living: W. Lowry, 
born October 29, 1873; Thomas H., born De- 
cember 4, 1875; Nora v., born May 12, 1878, 
and Marion E., born June 1, 1881. 

-YYII^LTAM F. SIIOTTS, D. D. S., is a 
son of Elias and Catherine B. (Eisa- 
inan) Shotts, and was born in Hemp- 
field township, Westmorelaiul county. Pa., Jan- 
uary 8, 18GI . Elias Shotts was a native of this 
county and for numy years resided in Heinj)- 
field townshij), not far from Grecnsburg. He 
belonged to the Lutheran church. He died in 
18G7 at the age of thirty-four years. His widow 
survives him and now resides at Greensburg; 
she, too, is a native of Westmoreland county. 

Dr. W. F. Shotts was born on a farm and at 
ten years of age left rural scenes to enjoy village 
life at Aihimsburg, to which place his mother 
moved. After a public school education had 
been rec(Uve(l he entered the State Normal 
school at Indiana, Pa., where he rennuned two 
years, from 1877 to 1871b He then took a 
course in Iron City Coniinercial college at I'itfs- 
burg, and for the next live years we find hiiu 
engaged in fiirming and clerking in this county. 
In May, 1885, he began the study of dentistry 
with Dr. (ieorge Culbertson, of Grecnsburg, 
Pa., and in February, 1887, he graduated from 
the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery at 
Philadelphia. In the following May he located 
at Scottdale, where he has succeeded in buildinir 

'n'i:s'nroRf:LA nd co unt r. 

up a large and lucrative practice. lie is a skill- 
ful practitioner and his uork is satisfactory in 
every respect. Dr. Sliotts is re;i;ar(le(l as one of 
tlie lu'st dental surgioiis nf the eoiinty. lie is 
a nieniher of tlie Knights of I'ytiiias, Inde- 
pendent Onler of lleptasojilis ; belongs to the 
Lutheran church and is yet enjoying " single 
blessedness." lie is energetic, upright and 
reliable and is on a fair way to fame and fur- 

OBERT SKEMP, although a son of 
England, yet so intimately has he iden- 

I tifieil himself with the development of 
Westmoreland county, that she claims him by 
right of adoption. He was born at Bilston, 
South Staft'ordshire, England, January 3, 1858, 
and is the son of Robert Skemp who was a dry- 
goods merchant of that place. 

Robert Skemp was reared at Bilston where 
he received a good business education and was 
trained at an early age to commercial pur- 
suits. His first employment was as a clerk 
in his father's store. From behind the counter 
he passed at the age of twenty to a clerkship in 
the Regent iion works and subseciuently became 
Ciishier and assistant mar^ager of that establish- 
ment. In April, 1887, he emigrated from Eng- 
ghind to I'eunsylvaniii and was iuiniediatcly em- 
pliiyed by W. 11. Eversuu \ Co., as assistant 
superintendent of the Scottdale iron works, but 
had not fully entered on the duties of that posi- 
tion H hill llie business of the fiini was lirought 
to a close. When their successors, the Scottdale 
iron and steel company, came into possession of 
the works, they felt the need of Mr. Ski'inp's 
practical experience and business ability and his 
services were scutired. He was made assistant 
Huperintendent in October, 1887, andsi.x months 
later was placed in charge of their entire works 
as g(!neral superintendent. These iron works arc 
one oFthj' most ini|)ortant industries of Westmore- 
hind I'onnly. Tin' business of the lirm extenils to 
every pai't of the United States and is in a highly 

prosperous condition under the practical and 
successful man.-igement of Mr. Skemp. He is 
thorougidy experienced in every detail of iron 
manufacture and is anijily (jualilied for con<luct- 
ing that business with increasing success. 

July|28, 1880, Mr. Skemp married Kate Sum- 
ner, daughter of John Sumner, formerly of Ilo.x- 
ton near Nottingham, and now of Wolverhampton, 
England. They have four children : Robert, 
Arthur, Leo and Harold. 

Robert Skemp is a member of Marion Lod^e, 
No. 5G-2, F. and A. M., Scottdale Conclave, No. 
172, Improved Order of Heptasophs and First 
Baptist church at Scottdale. Mr. Skeniji is a 
nian who has gathered a large fimd of informa- 
tion from observation and reading, and is one 
who is well acquainted with the current events 
of the world's history and progress as well as 
with everything that pertains to the special in- 
i dustry in which he is so actively engaged. He 
displays ability in the management of the ac- 
countant's department of the office and in the 
superintendence of the works, and by his strict 
honesty and close attention to business he is 
discharging the duties of his position with credit 
to himself and acceptably to the company and 
the public. 

ATllAN SMITH was born August 2.'), 
1828, in South Huntingdon township, 
Westmorelainl county. Pa., and is a son 
of Henry E. and Margaret (Barr) Smith. His 
gramlfathor, Nathan Smith, was born near Hub- 
lin, Ireland, and immigrated to America when a 
young man, locating in Westmoreland county, 
Pa., of which he was one of the early settlers. 
He lived to a ripe old age anil died on the farm 
up(ni which he first settled. Henry E. Smith was 
a native of South Iluntingilon township, this 
county, where he followed the occupation of 
farming and stork-raising. He was origiinilly 
an " old-line whig," later a republican and was 
a niend)er of the Presbyterian church. Mr. 


iSiiiilli \v;is a very loliiisl ami aclivr uiaii, liidiis- 
triuiis ami cnui-gulic ami had a miilliuulu uf 
fiiL-mls. lie (lied in 1S8S at the age of eighty- 
five years. 

Nathan Siidth was brought up amid the rural 
seent's ot' his native township, remained on the 
f'arui until nineteen years iild and then learned 
the earpenter's tiade at which he worked for 
twenty- five years. In 18(30 ho removed to Stark 
county, Ohio, whence, after four year's work at 
his trade he went on west to Noble county, Indi- 
ana, where he continued to reside until 18G1. 
Having returned to Westmoreland county the 
previous year, he, in tSejitember, 18G2, enlisted 
in Co. B, IGth Pa. cavalry and served until Ap- 
pomatox decided the contest and the Union was 
.saved. lie participated in all the battles in which 
his regiuient was engaged, was at Gettysburg 
and in all the principal battles fought by the 
Army of the I'otomac. He went out as a pri- 
vate but served almost the entire time as ser- 
geant, and was honorably discharged at Lynch- 
burg, Va., in June, 18b5. Returning homo he 
followed faruiing until 1874, when he went to 
iScottdale and worked at his trade several years 
a.' contractor and builder, and in 1878 accepteil 
a ])osition as clerk in the liardware house of 
Loucks k Snyder, of Scoltdalc. In 188:] he 
formed a partnership with A. L. Slcjuer of the 
same town, the firm name being Smith and 
Stoner. This firm engaged in the general hard- 
ware liusHK'ss until ISSS, when 1). li. Null pur- 
chii>cd I he iiilerist of Mr. .'-^I'Mier, siiii'c which time 
the firm of Smith .'i Null has been successfully 
conducting the same line of business. It handles 
farm implements of all kinds and everything to 
be found in a first-class liardware store. 

Nathan Smith was tliree times elected assessor 
of Scottdale, though he served bLit two terms, 
and is now a meuiber of the school board. His 
first wife, to whom he was married in 1854, was 
Nancy Simmons, of Stark county, Ohio, who 
dieil in 1881 leaving no children, lie re-mar- 
ried in 188;!, his second wife being Isaphenia 

Ouniiingham of Scottdale, and to th<'m one child 
was born but ilied at the tender age of two 

Mr. Smith is a member of the G. A. 11. and 
takes a lively interest in the alfairs of this 

ARllY J. SPRINGER, a pliotogra]dier 
^Jl and crayon artist of Scottdale, was born 
July Hi, 1804, at Rell Vernon, West- 
moreland county, Pa., and is a son of Joseph V. 
and Hannah ■!. (Davidson) Springer. In 17l)0 
Michael and Mary Ann Spiinger, who were 
natives of Sweden, came to Pennsylvania. The 
former was born at Stockliolm in 1727 and the 
latter was a child of rich Swxnlish parents. She 
was stolen at three years of age and left under 
a tree where she was found by her husband's 
father, but could not reccdiect the suiiiame of 
her parents. Michael and Mary Ann Springer 
came from Philadelphia to Rostravor town- 
ship, this county, in 178-"], where Michael 
Springer took up three hundred and lifty-live 
and one-half acres of land under the title 
of " Springersburg," ami dieil in 17'J7. 'I'liey 
had five children : John, Mathias, who went 
west; Michael, also went west; Mary, nuirried 
John Worley and emigrateil west, and Uaniel 
who inherited the homestead. Daniel Springer 
(greatgrandfather) was born September 15, 
17l)2, at Phihideljihia, and in 17'>'0 married 
Rachel lliggins who was born in \'iiginia in 
17U0. They had eight children : Michael, Ma- 
thias, Joseph, John, who married Sallie IJilliter 
and was accidently killed in 1888; James H., 
who inherited the home-farm, married Sallie 
Smith and died at "Webster, Pa., in l87tj; 
Nancy, who died when nineteen years of age ; 
Daniel and Martha. Joseph Springer (grand- 
father) was bi.*n in Fayette county, Pa., and was 
a farmer. Ho died at Rrownsville, Pa., June 
20, 1871. lie unirried Margaict Driver who 
passed away October 28, IhOI. To their union 

■In 1 

Z^^^z-- ^^ S/ .<e^i 

Pftoto hy Springei 


wore born twelve cliililren : Daniel, who married [ 
Raehel Jordan and died Oetober 21, 1870; j 
James and Newton, who both died in childhood; i 
Marllia, wifi: of I'arni'tt Corwin and dead ; John, 
wlui niani.MJ Sarah A. liadrv;,.|,h 1''., 
l{aeiicl, married 'I'linis Carroll and ilied in lt>7',' ; 
Lydia, widow of Asa Hastings ; Naney, marrieil 
Edward Cook and is deail ; James M., who mar- 
ried Sarali Iveeves ; William II., who married 
Margaret Reed, and Margaret, wife of Frederick 
Lrownellcr, of Ohio. Joseph F. Springer 
(father) was born in 1830 near Belle Vernon 
and has always followeil farming. In 187- he 
removed to the northern part of the county 
where ho remained until 187'J when he removed 
to his present location near Irwin. lie nmrried 
in 18.')4 Hannah, daughter of James Davidson, 
by whom he had thirteen children; Newton, 
James, Anna, Emma, William, Harry, Lewis, 
Charles, Howard, Hallie, Mattie, Elmer and 
Delia. Mr. and Mrs. Springer are members of 
the M. K. church. 

Henry .1. Sjuingcr was reared in the rural 
districts of Iiuinaml North I luiitingdon tow n- 
ship, attended the common schools and in 1SS2 
learned photography with Adams iV Lee, of Ir- 
win, I'a., with whom he remained about seven 
months, wlicii he removed to West Newton and 
thence to Mt. Pleasant, in each of which places 
he remained about one year. In 1SS4 he lo- 
cated at Scottdale and had erected his present 
gallery. lie does a successful business, his 
wori< is artistic and gives L-x^cUeut satisfaction to 
his numerous patrons. He is a republican an<l 
a member of Fountain Lodge, Xo' 44;), K. of 
P., Scottilale Conclave, No. 72, 1. (). H., Scott- 
(hde Council, 102, Jr. O. L. A. M. and also of 
the Order of Solon. Mr. Springer is a well-to- 
do man. lie owns valuable ju-operty on Market 
street, Sc<jttdale, is an agreeable companion and 
an honest, uj)right citizen. 

He was married in 1SS8 to Kate, daughter of 
Jo.Ncph \VadsW(u-tli, of (JaUfornia, ^Vashington 
ct)iintv, Pa. 

AVID FOX STONEPi, a retired farmer 
[^^ of Scottdale, and a rei)re.sentative of an 
Id and prominent family of southern 
)Vestmoreland county, was born at tlie old 
Sloiier homestead, Huntingdon town.sliip, 
Westmoreland county, I'a-, on August 1."), l!S2;l. 
He is a son of Jacob and Sarah (Fo.'i) Stoner, 
the former a native of Ijlair county. Pa., and 
while yet a small boy removed with his father, 
Christian Stoner, to East Huntingdon township. 
He worked on the home-farm till his father's 
death ; he afterwards received his share of the 
estate and was engaged in farming all his life in 
East Huntingdon township. He was a member 
of the Mcnnonite church, a whig in politics 
until that party's disbandment ; from that time 
on lie has acted with the republicans. His death 
occurred in 185f<. He was a man of great en- 
ergy and endurance ami was generally success- 
ful in his business ventures. His wife Sarah 
(Fo.x) Stoner, a daughter of John Fox, of Mt. 
Pleasant township, who died in April, 1S2I, was 
a member of the Mcnnonite church. Loth the 
Sloiieis and Foxs are of (leiiuan extraition. 

David F. Stoner has always been a farmer 
and has made his life a success. In l8i4S he 
was married to Kli/.abeth, daugliter of Martin 
Loucks, of East Huntingdon; she died in 1>77 
and he was remarried in l^l'J to Mary, daugh- 
ter of Simon \Veimer, of Ligouier township, a 
native of Westmoreland county and of German 
descent. She is a consistaiit member of the M. 
v.. church at Scottdale. To their marriage 
h;i\e been burn three children: Maggie Pearl, 
Dora Elizabeth and David Scott. Mr. Stoner 
was engageil in farming near Scottdale, on the 
laini now owned by Jacob Loucks, till IS;')! 
when he removed to Bullskin township, Fayette 
county, purchased a farm and continued to re- 
side there for eighteen years. In 1S72 he re- 
turned to East Huntingdon touiishi]) and liudt 
the lirst house at Scottdale in 11^72. lie is a 
re|Hililican in Jiolitics and has held the olllce of 
aiiditiu' in liuUskin town.ship, I'ayette county, 


iiioaiiAi'iiiics OF 

\v;is tlio (irsl assi'ssor in Scottdulo Ihii'uiij^Ii uiiil 
Las bcou tri'asuiLT tor six vouis. Mr. Sloucr is 
a incialici' oi' the Scottdalo M. K. cliiirfh anil 
lias Ijccii slcwarddl' lliis ciiiircli lor nix years. 

X-NIIAKLKS W. STAUKKl.:i!,a youn- and 
V^"^ (.-nfrgotic citi/.L'ii of Sc-ottdalc and one of 
its Icadini^ butchers, is a son oF 11. \\'. 
and Catharine (Booher) Staufl'er and was born 
in Tyrone township, Fayette county. Pa., 1805. 
lie is a grandson of John T. Staufi'er, who is 
now a resident of Mt. Pleasant, this county. 
John T. StaulVer was born in 1814. lie was a 
farujcr in early life but soon devoted his time 
and attention to the coal an»l coke business. 
lie owned and operated the " Star Coal Mines " 
and coke works, near Bridgeport, Pa., for several 
years, but eventually sold these mines and works 
to their present proprietor, A. C. Cochran. 
After this .sale Mr. Staufl'er engaged in stock- 
raising and stock-dealing or a number of years 
and then retired from active business. He 
reared a family o eleven children, all of whom 
are living. His eldest son, II. W. Staufl'er, was 
born in 1H3(S, and when a young man he en- 
gageil for several ycais in butchering at Penns- 
ville. Pa. In ]8(il h'e enlisted in Co 1'], sixtii 
reg. I'a. Vol.s., participated in all the battles in 
which his regiment was engaged and served until 
the close of the late war. After being mustered 
out of the United States service he returned to 
Ins l''avi'llt' eniuitv iiouu', and aboul 1S71 ro- 
nh)\ed to l'p|ifi- Tyrone township, that county, 
where he purchased his present farm. He is a 
republican and a member of the M. E. church. 
He married Catharine Booher, daughter of 
I'eter Booher, of East Huntingdon township, in 
'[X'V.K They have hail twelve children, of whom 
eleven are living : Alice, wife of iVIliert Herbert 
of Scottdale ; Martin, (Jharles \V., Susan, who 
married James Murphy ; Lizzie, Albert, Lucy, 
Laura, llehecea, Emma and John T. 

Charles W. Slaull'er pa.ssed his bnyhood on 

his father's farm and attended the common 
schools of ills ncighboriiuoil. Not caring to 
(Uigage in farming he came in 1870 to Scottdalo 
and eiilcred iiilo iho i)iilelieriiig business, wliiili 
he has lollowed uilh the bisL of Hiiceess ever 
since. He is a practical and experienced butcher. 
His shop is conveniently located on Pittsburg 
street and is well fitted up to acconmuxlate the 
large trade which he enjoys. He is an active 
worker in the Republican party and is a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. 


well-known physician of Westmoreland 
county and a surgeon at Scottdale for 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, is a son of 
John N. and Sarah (Littell) Strickler, and was 
born near West Newton, South Huntingdon 
township, Westmoreland county, Pa., Septem- 
ber 15, 1847. His grandfather, Henry Strick- 
ler, was born in Fayette county. Pa., in the 
latter part of the eighteenth century. He was 
engaged in farming until his death, which 
occurred in 185(j. His father, John N. Strick- 
ler, was born in PS 14 in Tyrone township, 
where he resided for many years and was en- 
gaged in farming and stock-dealing. In 1850 
he purchased a farm in South Huntingdon 
townshii), this county, but after two years resi- 
dence u[)on it he moved back to his Fayette 
county home, where he died aged forty-four years. 
lie was a whig, later a re|)ubliean, and served 
several terms as justice of the peace. He was 
a consistent member of the iMethodist E])iscopal 
church and was an ardent believer in its faith 
and doctrines. He reared a large family. His 
widow resides with her daughter, Mrs. Poiter, 
who lives within one mile of Scottdale. 

l)r. Strickler passed his boyhood days on the 
farm, I'eceived his education in the conmion 
schools of Tyrone township, and at an early 
age maiU^ choice' of medicine as his life-pursuit. 
At seventeen years of age he commenced llio 


study of nicdiciiic willi Dr. D. W. lli^'j^s, of 
IV'imsvillo, Fiiyctto county, I'u. He ctucrully 
and closely pursued the prescribed course of 
reading, attended lectures at Jefterson Medical 
college uf I'liiladelpliia, from wliicli lie was 
graduated in 1871. In ISeptemher, 1871, lie 
began practice at Broad Ford, Pa., where he 
remained for six years. In 1878 he sougiit for 
a wider field of practice than that afforded him 
at Broad Ford. He selected and removed to 
Scottdale as a favorable point for a permanent 
location, and since 1877 has been engaged there 
in the successful practice of his profession. 
While at Broad Ford he was surgeon for the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, and 
since 1885 has been the surgeon at Scottdale of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Dr. 
Strickler is an earnest and trusted member of 
the jMethodist Episcopal church, in which he is 
a class leader, trustee and steward, llebelievcs 
in the principles of the Republican party, has 
served his borough as school director and mem- 
ber of the town council and has the record of 
a faithful public servant. He is well versed in 
his profession, skilled in its practice and enjoys 
a liberal supjiort in his section of the county. 
Gentlemanly, courteous and kind, he is deserv- 
ingly popular in a wide circle of acquaintances and 
friends. lie was the third physician to locate at 
Scottdale, and is now the second oldest resident 
member of the medical fraternity at that ])lace. 

In 1873 he was united in njarriage to .Mary 
Fj. 'Pownsend, daughter of l)aniel 'rowiiscnd, of 
lV'rryo|iolis, Fayette county, i'a. 'I'liey lia\e 
five children living, four sons and one daughter: 
Judson T , James P., Albert J., Frank II. and 
Mabel L. 

As a citizen Dr. Strickler is well likeit, for 
he is always considerate of the feelings of ail 
with wIkjiu he comes in contact. He is well- 
known in his honored jirofession. lie is a 
member of the Westmoreland County Medical 
Society, the Penn.sylvania State Medical Society 
and the American Medical association. 

OBFllT J. TENNAN'r, a boot and shoo 
niereiiant of Scottdale, was born Octolier 
:!, 18;jy, in Wheeling, \V. Va., and is a 
son of Thomas and Susan (Legge) 'Tennant. 
Thomas Tennant was a nalivt^ of Scotland and 
came to the United States with liis parents in 
1838, when he was but seven years of age. 
Tliey located at Frostburg, Md., where Thomas 
crew to manhood and lived until 1861, when 
he enlisted in a Maryland regiment and served 
the Federal government throughout the war. In 
1SG5 he came north to Connellsville and en- 
gaged in the foundry business which he con- 
tinued successfully until 1880, when he removed 
to Scottdale, Pa. In the latter place he followed 
the same business during the remainder of his 
life. He, in addition to this, started and carried 
on a boot and shoe store which is now in the 
hands of his son, Robert J. Tennant. He served 
as school director in the borougii of Scottdale 
and was a member of the M. E. church and of 
the A. Y. M. Mr. Tennant was a stirring, 
energetic man of good business qualifications and 
had a host of friends. lie died November 2(j, 
1888, at the age of fifty-seven years. His widow 
survives him and is now a resident of Connells- 

Robert .J. Tennant left his native State when 
six years old, going to Maryland where he re- 
mained while his father was in the army. In 
ISGo he came north with his parents to Con- 
nellsville, Pa., where, after leaving the public 
schools, he engaged in the boot and shoe business 
tor himself, meeting with excellent success. In 
1880 he went to Scottdale and entered his 
father's store, but after a year went to Pittsburg 
and acccjjted a ])osition with W. G. Price it Co., 
with whom he remained till 1884, having charge 
of the entire outside business of the coni])any. 
He then went to Cincinnati and engaged in the 
shoe business until 1888, when he returned to 
Scottdale and took charge of his father's boot 
and shoe store, which he has continued ever 
since with marked success. He is one of the en- 


tcipvisiiig young men ofliistown, Ciirrics a lai'ijo 
ami «ell assorted stock of goods and has a good 
and rapidly increasing trade. 

Mr. 'IViinant is a nieinljcr of the M. E. churcli 
and is an upright, conscientious genth-inan. 

lie was married in 1882 to Jennie, a daugh- 
ter of Jacob Cropp, of Connellsvilie, who died 
in tlie same year. 

•f UllN W AI/rKlJS, of the firm .d" Wiley c^ 
t Walters, carpenters and contractors of 
(2/ Scottdale, I'a., was born in Germany in 
1S81), and is a son of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(llet/.el) Walters. Joseph Walters was born in 
ISOl in \Viirteud(erg, Germany, wliere he Mas 
a shoemaker by trade; immigrated to .\merica 
abiMit 1st:! and settleil in Kostraver township, 
Westmoreland euunty, I'a., where he remained 
ten years; then removed to South Huntingdon 
township, same county, near West Newton, 
where he remained until liis death in ISTT. His 
wife was Elizabeth llet/.el, wiiu bure him nine 
children, of wdiom seven are living, the eldest 
being John Walters of Scottdale. I'a. I If those 
living, (,'atharine married W. S. Hood, of (,'un- 
nellsville, I'a.; Mary E., married iv 1'. Hear, of 
l)erry. Pa.; Lena is the wife of 'Haviil ( hr, of 
^Vesl Newton, Pa.; Barbara was united in mar- 
riage with -Vndrew McCormick, now living in 
Colfa.x county, Nebraska : Martin \Valt( r, a res- 
ident of Mill Grove, this county, and Hannah is 
the wife (if Samuel P.rewer o( ^Vest NewtiUi, Pa. 
.Mrs. Eb/.abetli (_Het/..l) Walters is still living 
at the age of seventy-si.\ years, and resides near 
West Newtun, Pa. 

John Walters received a common school edu- 
cation in \Wstmoreland county and worked on 
a farm by the day. In August, 18(J2, he en- 
listed in Co, 1, tifteeiith Pa., cavalry (Col. 
Palmer), and served until the close of the war. 
In ISti.'J he was promoted from private to orderly 
on (!en. Sherman's stall'. When the war cIhsimI 
he relumed Id this county, where lu' has ever 

since been engaged in carpentry. In 187-) ho 
went to Scottdale, worked as journeyman and 
contractor for a while and in ISMJ went into 
partnership with liobert Wiley, under the firiri 
name of Wiley ^: Walteis, which still continues. 

John Walters was married in 187.") to Mariah 
0., a daughter of Jackson Pyerly of Mt. Pleas- 
ant, Pa., and to their union have been born twa 
daughters: Viola May, born August 1,1878, 
and Ida Marie, born March 10, 188!*. 

Mr. Walters is a republican who takes (juite 
an active part in political all'airs, and with his 
wife belongs to the Presbyterian churcli. He is 
a member of the Scottdale Lodge, No. 88r>, I. 
0. U. E., and of I. 0. Heptasophs. He owns 
valuable projierty in Scottdale and is one of the 
leading business men in his line of the southern 
part of the county. 

fAMUEL L. WALTllOUPi, a druggist of 

Scottdale, was born Eebruary 'I'l, 1807, 

in tJrceiisburg, Westmoreland county, I'a., 

and is a son of Henry II. and Elizabeth (Bott) 

Walthour. Henry II. Walthour was born in 

1843 in Henqitield townshi]i. near (iieensburg. 

I He was of German parentage and lived at home, 

attending school in winter and working on the 

farm during the summer unlil nineteen years of 

age, when he entered the ollice of the Tribune 

' (ind JLrald at Greensburg and learned the 

luinter's trade, remaining there about four 

I vears. In ISii:? he enlisted in a regiment of 

' Pa., Vols., as first lieutenant and served until 

the close of the war. The mercantile business 

at Greensburg ne.xt engaged his attention for 

about two years, after which he became foreman 

I on the Pittsburg Leader, which position he re- 

j taincd till 187U, when he removed to Washing- 

j ton, D. C, and worked in the government print- 

I ing department for five years. After serving 

! several years as foreman on the Altuona Call 

he removed to Wcposter, Ohio, where he now re- 

j sides and has charge of the Wayni; county 

•it :■■ j)^Hii'.j r'u >••>*. nOtMg 


Democrat. He w:is iii;irrie(l in IRGl] to Kli/;i- 
liutli, ;i (l;iii^litci- (if .loliii C. ]{ott of (irci'iiH- 
biir;.', wlui «:is boni in Pittsburg in ISJa, and 
wild was till- ni(itlu-i- (if tlii-ce cliililrcn. two of 

fatlier, John I'arkur, was a native of AVestniorc- 
land L-ounly ami was a slonc-ciitlt'i'liy occupation. 
At six years of age Edward 1'. Wcddcl re- 
moved from ISiicna \'ista to Westmoreland county 

wliom ale living: Samuel L., and V.. 11., wlmis j ami was reared lo man's estali; on a farm. lie 
now in iJaltimoie, Md. .Mr. Waltiioiir is a [ attended the common school at .Mars 1 liU, spent 
democrat, takes an active part in political work i three years in 'iVaynesburg college, (Ireene 
and is a member of the liUtheran church. His : county, I'a., and took two courses in the 
wife died May '.', ISS'j. j Indiaiui State Normal school, Indiana, Pa. 

Samuel L. Walthour received a good coniiuon I Equipping himself with a fine literary education 
school education and remained with his parents ! and with laudable andiitinn to succeed in the 
until fifteen years of age, when he went into the ' world, he began life alone, lie sought no fine 
drug store oi'll. F. I'ott at (Ireensburg, where | position but accepted the first work tliat oiTered 
lie remained four years, 1 le then engaged with I to his hand and engaged in teaching in the 
W. L. Kelly, of Scottdale, Pa., in the same busi- [ common schools. He taught in the schools of 
ness. Abi.iut a year afterwards 11. F. P>ott pur- Westmoreland county foi- tiiree years and in 
chased Mr. Kelly's drug store and Mr. ^Val- those of Fayette county for two years, and also 
thour remained in the store with the new pro- , served as principal of the Scottdale schools for 
prietor until October, IbSS, when he started in i two yeais. 'J'hese few years of teaching, while 
the drug business for himself and is meeting | they atforded him employment also gave him 
with e.xcellent success. He is a democrat, a ' time to cahnly survey the different fields of 
member of the Lutheran church and an active ' labor open to ambitious seekers upon the stage 
young man \\ho has liright piosjieets for the i of life and to carefully select a future vocation 
future. ' con.'-iinant to his inclination and congenial to 

his wishes, and he nnide choice of the profes- 

^ 1)\VAK1> P. WEDDEL, M. 1)., a finely | sion of medicine. In 1870 he commenced the 

^Sr educated, a remarkably energetic and a I ju'osecution of his medical studies under the 

very successful young physican of Scott- 1 jireceiitorsiiip of Dr. John 1). Milligan, of Madi- 

dale, is .a son nf .lames and Sarah ,\nn (Parker) i son, Pa., attended lectures in llie medical de- 

Weddel and was born at iiiicna Vi-^la, Alle- 
gheny county, Pa.,.Iune T), iSfiti. 

His grandfather, (Seorge Weddel, was boi-n 
in A llcglirnv euiuil v, where he always resided 
and whei.' Ii- li,.|. Ill- .snii, , lames Weddel 
(lalher), wa.- I.^ii, .il l^h/aliel li, in that county, 
and setlled in Sewiekley townshipi. He learned 
the trade of Idaeksmilh which lie followed lor a 
short time, and then (istjli) engaged inhis present 
business of farming, lie is a republican, has 
Served fortwenlv years as school director and 
held all the oilier various townshi]) olliecs. He 
is no^v si.xty-eight years of age but is remarka- 
bly active for a man of liis years. He married 
Sarali .\nn Parker. She died in 1«74. Her 

|iailment of the Weslern Iteserve univeisity of 
(.'leveland, Ohio, and was graduated February 
"27, 1SS4. In a short time after hi s graduation 
l»r. Weddel opened an ollice at Painlerville, this 
county, where he secured and enjoyed a good 
practice until ISSli when he rcmo\ ed to Scott- 
dale and has been engaged there ever since in 
the active and successful practice of his pi'o- 

On April 3, 1SS4, he was united in marriage 
with a Miss Paiiilall. 

Or. \\'eildel is a membiu' of Fountain Lodge, 
No. -14.!, Knights of Pythias, wiiich was char- 
tered |irior to INSl'. He is president of Scott- 
dale school board. He is a member of the 


State Medical society and vice-president of tlie 
Westmoreland county Medical society which was 
organized November 15, IS.Oi), at Greensburg. 
His iiirdical lii)rary i.s oium)!' tlie liiu'st and must 
carefully seloctecl lo \tv liiund in ilie ccmnly. h 
not only contains the standard authors of medical 
science but is constantly increased by additions of 
the latest words on medicine and surgery, while 
his literary library is large and well filled with 
the choicest works of prose and poetry selected 
from the authors of Greece and Home and the 
literature of England, America and the civil- 
ized nations of the world. Dr. Weddel devotes 
his entire time to Lis profession and has a 
large and remunerative practice that is rapidly 
increasing. lie is a thorough seholar, a suc- 
cessful physician and is genial and courteous in 
his daily intercourse with his fellow-men. 

'ENllY TODD WILEY, a well-known 
L'itizcn and successful merchant of Scott- 
(*) dale, was born in Sewickley township, 
Westmoreland county. Pa., March -(), 1838, 
and is a son of Sampson and Sarah (Todd) 
Wiley. His grandfather, Sampson Wiley, Sr., 
was a native of county Tyrone, Ireland, wliere 
he owned a farm of forty-five acres, whose title 
made it his while " grass grew and water ran." 
He iinmigrateil to the United States in 171M) ;iud 
settled in \Vc:ftmoreland county, where he died 
in 1825 at lifty-si.\ years of age. He married 
Jane MctJrcw, a mendjer of the old and wcll- 
rcspected McGrew family of this cuunty. His 
father, Sampson Wiley, wa.s born in Westmore- 
land county in 180.5 and died January '6, 1888. 
He was a farmer until 1840, when he engaged 
in merchandising and continued successfully in 
that business till 1870. In the last named year 
he retired from active life. He held to the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party, was elected sev- 
eral times to important local offices in a strung 
rc|iidilicaii township, but always declined t(i ac- 
cept them. He luanied Jane Todd, daughter 

of Henry Todd, a native of Ireland, and a 
farmer of Westmoreland county as early as 
1812. They had ten children. One of their 
sons is Sipiiri' .liUiuvs \V. Wiley, of Evcr.sdii, 
I'a., and a siiccessl'iil coke o|ierator of l''a_velte 
county, I'a. Another son was Sam]ison M., 
who enlisted in Co. A, one hundred and fifty- 
fifth Pa. Vols., was in the battle of Gettysburg 
and died soon afterwards with typhoid fever. 
Mrs. Jane (Todd) Wiley was born in 180it and 
is a resident of Everson, Pa. 

H. T. Wiley worked on a farm until he was 
twenty-one years of age, during which time he 
attended the common schools and one term at 
Curry Normal Institute, Pittsburg, Pa. He 
taught for fourteen years in Allegheny county 
and one year at Curry Institute and then (1870) 
became a clerk in the mercantile house of A. J. 
Shank .*c Co., at Saltsburg, Pa. Five years 
later he assumed charge of W. II. Prown's 
Sun's company store at Boston on the Munun- 
gahela river, near McKeesitort, Pa. Under the 
firm name of H. T. Wiley & Co. he conducted 
this store successfully for ten years. In 1885 
he removed to Scottdale and established one of 
its leading business houses under the firm name 
of II. T. Wiley & Co. His establishment is at 
No. 607 on Pittsburg street, and contains a 
varied ami valuable stock of general merchan- 
dise. He keeps on hand all kinds of ini|)orted 
and domestic dry goods, ladies' and gentlemen's 
furnishings, notions, groceries, provisions from 
farm, garden, dairy and orchard, drugs, glass- 
ware, etc. 

II. T. Wiley was married on July 14, 1808, 

to Sarah Jane Haney, of Port Perry, Allegheny 

county. Pa. She died in 1872 and in 1874 he 

was united in marriage with Anna Belle Nickel, 

daughter of the late Dr. John 11. Nickel, of (Jon- 

nellsville, Pa. He had b(jrn to him one child by 

I his first marriage, Jane, who died in 1887, and 

I has five children by his second marriage : Laura 

i T., George A., Harry B., I'.rsMc B.,and Li/./.ic II. 

I II. T. Wiley is a proliibitioiiist and a iiieiu- 


Lor of the Juiiii)!' ;iiiil Sfiiinr Onlci-s of United 
American Mechanics. He is a nieuiher (if the 
JSIethodist Episcopal church, in which he has 
lield all the olliees. By slraij^'htfiirward and 
iHiiKiraiiK^ di'alin;^' lu! inis won ids way into ihe 
IVonl rank of suljslantial nierciianls.- 

fAMUEL J. ZEARLEY, senior member 
of the firm of Zearley it Pool, was born 
March 'Jo. 1847, in Monongalia county, 
\^a. (now W. Va.), and is a son of John and 
Amelia (Darnall) Zearley. John Zearley, a 
wool carder, who at one time ran a carding-mill 
near Smithfield, Fayette county. Pa., was a 
native of that county, and died in 1868 in West 
Virginia, to which state he removed several 
years previous to his death. His widow, a na- 
tive of West Virginia, is now living at Scott- 
dale and is in the seventy-eighth year of her 

Samuel J. Zearley remained in his native 
county until sixteen years of age, when he was 
sworn into the service of the government. After 
two years' service he was discharged at Win- 
chester, Va., September 6, 1804, after which he 
went to Nilcs, Ohio, and engaged in the nail 
factory as a cutter. One year later he returned 
to this State and learned the carpenter's trade 
in Fayette coutity willi his half-brother, Isaac 
Zearley, and worked at it for two years, tiien 
wi-Mt hack to Mor^'anloWM, \V. \a., where he 
worki'd lis a conlraclor and cariienlcr until 
l^7•>. The next year lie was in a phiiiiiig mill 
at Scotldale, and then again engaged in carpen- 

try, at wiiich he eontiniicil four years, and then 
became the senior member of the iiriii of Zearley 
tt Smith, which established a jilaning mill. 
.After about two years Nathan Smith sold his 
iiili;|-est in the linn to L. (i. |{c|i|)iii(l, and llie 
new lirm was known as Zearley \ Co. One 
year later James H. Pool )iurchased Mr. Uep- 
pard's interest, since which time the name of the 
firm has been Zearley k Pool. These gentle- 
men are prepared to make estimates of all kinds 
of buildings, whether in town or country. In 
connection with this they operate a large planing 
mill and factory, where they manufacture doors, 
sash, blinds, frames, floors, siding, etc. The 
mill and factory are brick buildings and are 
equipped with the finest and most improved 
modern machinery, which is operated by a large 
force of skilled mechanics. This flourishing es- 
tablishment was first started in 1870, and is on 
a firm and substantial basis. The members of 
the firm are highly respected, courteous gentle- 
men, liberal, fair and enterprising, and enjoy 
the confidence of the best citizens of that sec- 
tion. Samuel J. Zearley is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, and belongs to 
Marion Lodge, No. 562 ; Urania Chapter, No. 
196, and Kedron Commandery, No. 18, Knight 
Templars, Greensburg, Pa. ; he is also a mem- 
ber of Scottdale Council, No. 807, U. A., and 
of Scottdale Conclave, No. 176, Independent 
Order (d" lle])tasu[)hs. 

S. J. Zearley was married in 1876 to Ellen, 
a daughter of Daniel Snyder, of Keaganlown, 
near Scottdale, and they have three children : 
Bertram F., Daniel S. and (jertrude. 

CUest ^ievaton 

'ENKY CIIOUSIIORE, one of the most 
substiintial citizens of West Newton, was 
born ne;ir Ailuinsburg, Westmoreland 
county, I'u., February 1.^, i827, and is tlie son 
of George and Margaret (Baughman) Groushore. 
The Croushores originally came to this county 
from (Icniianv, and settled in Westmoreland 
eouutv al a very early period in its history. 
Jnlin ('roushure (Kraushaar), great-grandfather, 
eame from Northampton county, Pa , and with 
his wife settled and took out a patent for olH) 
acres of land, in about 1780, near (jrajieville, 
now known as the old Sinaile farm, where he 
and bis wife lived until their death. To them 
were born five children, tliree girls and two 
boys. in 17!I8 the following indenture was 
made between fathei' and his two cbihlren, 
George and Henry: "Know all men by these 
presents, that I, John Kraushaar, of \Vestmorc- 
land county, llenipfield township, and free State 
of I'ennsylvania, have made over, constituted, 
Ciiufirmed and by llie^e presents do make over, 
eoii>tilute and alien all my laml and tenements 
or portion of ground unto two sons, George and 
Henry Kr;nishaar, to iuive, hold unto tiiemselvcs, 
their heirs or assigns to their own proper use 
and behalf and no other but tiieir iieirs or their 
assigns. The said tract of land being situate on 
l!rir<h creek, adjoining Thomas Waitting, George 
IJover, Abe. Yakey and I'eter Oldnian. contain- 
ing ^i'tO acres, more or less, which laml both 
brotliers shall eipially diviile in the manner 
follov'in^: George Kraushaar is to have the 

upper part of said tract of land and Henry is to 
have the lower part thereof, with all the build- 
ings ; reserving that the cattle, liorses, sheep 
and hogs shall be e(iually divided, and that the 
said George Kraushaar is not to have possession 
of his share of the stock until be has as good 
buildings as Henry. The li;iy and second crops 
of the old ineailow they are to share alike, and 
of what new meadow they make each has also 
to himself likewise. George is to have the 
whole field by the new barn t(j his own use until 
the place is divided and for the further title, and 
Henry is to help George raise as good buildings 
as are ou his premises. Further, the said 
George Kraushaar and Henry Kraushaar are to 
let said John Kraushaar have yearly fifteen 
I bushels of wheat, 10 bushels of rye, five bushels 
i of corn and five pounds of buckwheat, and hay 
for two cows during his life time ; ami further 
I is to know that all this summer crop they are to 
I share alike, liut afier that they are to earn in 
I what each (jiie raises himself or puts out, and 
I likewise tbcy are to plow a half acre of llax 
I'l'ound for said .lohn Cioushore (Kiaubbaar). 
Further, the girls are to have 50 pounds of law- 
ful money or the value thereof to produce e(iually 
divided amongst them and hereinafter men- 
tioned, namely: Susan, XltJ los. 5d., Eliza- 
beth, Xir>, 13s. -Jd. and Mary, €10, liJs. T.d. 
Likewise, the said George and Henry Croushore 
(Kraushaar) pay the debts what is to be paid to 
this date and keep live head of sheep for the old 
man on the ])lace. Now for the further and 



,f. d^lc'i^^/t^CT-^', 


true performance iinil all and singular anil 
acreeuients herein mentioned, both ])ai-ties have 
intori;hiinj;e;il)ly set their iiaiiils and allixed their 
H<-als th<' twnily-ei.L'lilli of .\|iiil, I7NS. 

Siizni'd, se:iK'(l and deliv<'ii'd m (lie ]iri'senee 





henry x crousiiore, 


john wm. murnwortii, 

jacob bender. 

Acknowledged by 


George Croushore (grandf'atlier) ^vas born 
near Grapeville on the farm now known as the 
olil Sniaile farm, August \'l. ITtiiJ, where he 
was raised, and mariied Margaret Meyers and 
died on the farm February 1:!, 1814, being 
forty-eight years of age: his wife remaining on 
the farm until her death February 25, 1838 
aged Slovenly two-years. He was a stanch 
democrat, a leading member of the German Re- 
formed church at Brush Creek, having served 
as elder and deacon. To them were born twelve 
children, ten girls and two boys, all of whom are 
<lead except Lucy (Crousliore) Shearer, now liv- 
ing at Harrison City, Westmoreland county, 
Pa., with her daughter Sarah MeMiehael, being 
over eighty years of age. On this farm Georgo (rather) «a> iioru .\iiiil 2il, 18(10, 
where he grew lo nianlidod aiid was engaged in 
the jHiisuils (,!' husbandry. .\t his I'alhcr's 
dralii 111- liMik cliargr of the fanu and aflerwards 
bought It, paying a dowry for twenty-four years 
to his mother. In Novenil)er, ]^^48, while on 
the road with a team of four horses returning 
from I'illsbin-g witii a load of hiiiibcr, wluui 
his lioMU', going down a steep liill on the farm, 
and while in the act of placing the '•rough 
lock," his clothes caught <ui the roots of a large 
tiee near the fiot of the hill, the reins of the 

saddle horse breaking, he was thrown between 
the roots of the tree and the wagon wheel and 
instantly killed. Fikc his father, (ieorge was a 
stanch diiiiocrat and a meiiibrr ol' the lieformed 
ciiiirch at lliiisli ('I'eek, where he \\as a leadiU" 
member and freijuently acting as elder and 
deacon. He married Margaret Baughman and 
to them were born six sons and four daughters : 
Adam, living on part of homestead, which was 
owned by Adam Baughman (mateinal grand- 
father) at the time of his death; Henry (sub- 
ject); Martha married Moses Knappenbeigcr 
and lives at Grapeville station, Pa. ; Michael 
lives and owns a farm in Fayette county, near 
Fayette City ; Caroline died June, 185S) ; Sam- 
uel, who was with his father at the time of the 
death of the latter, died April 1, 186"); Sarah 
married Stanton Black and lives on ]iart of the late 
homestead; James J. lives on and owns a farm 
ill Rostraver township, near West Newtiui, Pa. : 
Elizabeth married John Stough and lives near 
Grapeville, Pa.; George \V. lives at (irajieviUe 
station, I'a., and operates the tannery at that 

I place. Adain Baughman (maternal granfather) 
was the third child of Henry Baugliman (mater- 
nal great-grandfather) and married Madaleiie 

I Hugh. After his marriage he, witli liis wife, 

! settled in Armstrong county on a farm where 
four children were born tlieiii, all of whom are 

1 dead. , Adam Baughinaii, after his brother 
Henry's death, sold his Armstrong county farm 
and returned with his fimily to Westmoreland 
county and becaiue the owner id" the old home- 
stead, on which he ilied .July -l'-). 18411, aged 
si.\ty-five yeais. On the old houieslead farm 
the following children were born : I'lli/abelh, 
Margaret (mother ol' subject), who died April 1, 
18t)'J, aged sixty-four years; Peter, Anna, 
Henry, Christian and Lydia, all of whom are now 
dead, except Christian, who now residi's in the 
west. .At the time of Adam Baiighmaii's death 
he owned seven largo farms in Westmoreland 
county. Hi'in-y Itaughman (maternal gieat- 
giaiidfather) came from Hamburg, Germaiiy, at 


')r VT 'i: ■ 


the age of four years with his father, wlio, 
togotlior with the IJyorl^s, tlie I'avises and 
Kuiiklcs settleil near Lancaster City, llei-c he 
married Catharine Kuiikle und to them were 
born eight ehihlren, four hoys and four girls. 
Tliey finally moved and settled in North Hunt- 
ingdon towMsliij) (eastern ])art), within seven and 
one-half miles of Greenshurg, wliere he pur- 
chased tJOO acres at 20s. per acre. It will he 
remembered that one of the above early settlers 
named Davis, shot and killed an Indian war- 
rior. The Indians to revenge themselves after- 
ward killed Davis on his farm, which is now 
owned by Sarali (Croushore) Black, sister of 

Henry Croushore, after leaving the common 
schools learned the trade of tanner at Adams- 
burg. In 1848 he went to Fairmount, Va., 
and worked' journey work there for four years, 
when he returned to his native county and 
rented a small tannery near New Stanton. 
After running this about three years he went 
west to l)ubui(ue, Iowa, and began dealing in 
real estate at which he continued for some three 
years. In tlie spring of 1800 he bought the 
lialf interest in the tannery at West Newton, 
which at that time was owned by (jeorge I'lunier. 
and they in partnership operated it until 1807, 
when tiiey bought tiie interests of Mr. Plumer 
and operated it until 1870. Mr. Croushore has 
been successful in business and has acquired a 
handsome competency. He owns a fine farm in 
KosI raver township, more than l,100acics of coal 
land along the Voughioghcny river and other \ ahi- 
able property, having conducted his own atl'airs so 
well ; lie enjoys the conhdence of his neighbors 
and is fre<pienlly called upon by them to take 
chaige of business matters and to settle estates 
as executor, administrator, assignee, etc. He 
luis settled some large estates and always with 
satisfaction to the parties concerned. An in- 
stance of the kind was the Israel Painter estate 
whicii he, in connection with Morris L. Painter, 
managed and uhich involvc'd considerably more 

than a fourth of a million dollars. At the time 
of Israel Painter's death his estate was supposed 
to be insolvent and many of the creditors did 
not expect more than fifty per cent, of their 
claims ; with skillful management the full amount 
of the indebtedness was paid and a cash surplus 
of $P2,00U remained. ' In addition to this sur- 
j)lus the executors retained the Willow Tree 
farm, the old homestead, containing 430 acres 
and worth at least 5150,000. Mr. Croushore is 
a pronounced democrat, lias frequently served 
as burgess of his borough and belongs, with 
his wife, to the German Reformed church at 
Brush Creek. He is a man of strict integrity, 
careful, industrious, shrewd and an agreeable 
companion and stands high in the esteem of his 

Henry Croushore was married March 22, 
1800, to Elizabeth Jane Gongaware ((Jerinan 
spelling Gangwehr), daughter of Jonas and 
Cristina Gongaware. Mrs. Croushore was born 
in North Huntingdon township, this county, 
February 7, 1840, the eighth in a family of ten 
children, all married and settled in this county; 
three have since died. To their union have 
been born three cliildren, two of whom are 
living: Henry Jonas and (Jeorge L. The 
former is yet at home ; the latter was married 
March 27, 1884, to Lucy L., a daughter of 
Balthas Getchey (see sketch elsewhere in this 
volume). George L. Croushore resides at West 
Newton, where' he is engaged in the real estate, 
insurance and steamship agency business and 
lias successfully conducted these lines since 
188.5. He has three children : Howard Wayne, 
Clare Curtis (deceased) and Allen Wilfred. 
Like his father he is a Jacksonian democrat and 
a member of the German Reformed church at 
Brush (Jreek, near Adamsburg ; his wife belongs 
to the Lutheran church at West Newton. He 
is also a member of the West Newton Lodge, 
No. 440, I. 0. of 0. F.. to the Encampment 
Branch of same order at West Newton, and to 
West Newton (Council, No. 521, Royal Arcanum, 


of West Newton, Pa. (It ivill be reineinbered 
that on July -1. I^^TT), Margaret 0. Crousliorc, 
the ihiii;:;liter of ihe .siihjeet of the .skeleli, was 
in.stanlly killeil hy a boiler e\|ih)siiiii in I he 
tannery when but nine years ohl). .J^nas (Jon;;- 
aware, fatlier of ^Irs. (J., was born on the farm 
owned by Fulton Thompson, in South Iluntiiig- 
iliin lownship. , January 1, IT'.'."), was (iiie of a 
family of eleven ehihlren born to l'lulii> and 
Margaretta (Miller) Gongaware (Gangwehr), and 
was married in 1825 to Cristianna Naley. 
Philip Gongaware (Gangwehr), grandfather of 
Mrs. Crousliorc, was also born on the farm now 
owned by Fulton Thompson in 17G0, and died 
in 1829 aged sixty-nine years. His wife, Mar- 
garetta, was a daughter of John Peter and 
Catliarine Miller, who died in 1823 aged fifty- 
seven years. Michael Gongaware (great-grand- 
father of Mrs. Crousliorc) was born in IT^:!*), 
in Northampton county. Pa.; in early life came 
to Westmoreland county and settled on the farm 
near Ilarrolds church, now owned by his grand- 
4t son, Joseph Gongaware, who, with his wife, 
Lydia, are living at the advanced ages of eighty- 
five and eighty-one years respectively. Mr. 
Michael Gongaware died on this farm October 
2l), 182G, aged ninety-six years; tiius it will he 
seen that the Gongawares and the Croushdies 
were very early I'ainilies in America It is 
believed that as far back as the seventii gener- 
ation the Croushores and Gongawares were 
of American birth. Michael Gongaware, great- 
gnindfaiher (d" Mrs. (,'roiishore, was a chieL- 
niiiker by trade, and brought wilh him In liiis 
coiiMly an old clock of his own inake which is 
Still a splendid time-iiieee and is now in the 
posses.sion of his grandson, Joseph Gongaware. 
In fact, the Croushore and Gongaware families 
are of the oldest, most substantial and highly 
esteeiiied of the coiuily, descended from (iernian | 
stock its members are sturdy, persevering, reliable 
and honest, a class of peo{)le to whom niuch of 
our iKitiuiial piKsperily and standing as a nation 

I'C chant tailor of West Newton, is a son of 
John l).an<l 1 lenrietta (Moses) iierwirth, 
and was born November -1, |8.'")2, in (Jarlslniven, 
(Jerniaiiy. ilis fatlier, .John Herwiith, was born 
and died in the emitire of Germany and was a 
tobacconist by occupation. Believing in the 
teachingsof Martin liUther, the great reformer, he 
was an earnest member of the Lutheran church. 

lie married Henrietta Moses, and they had 
fifteen children, eight of whom are living and 
seven of whom are in America. Of those in the 
United States, Christian lives in New York 
City and is a cigar manufacturer; Caroline is 
the wife of Mr. Biedabach, a retired saddler of 
New York City ; Sophia is the widow of Henry 
Duiker, and resides in that city ; Henrietta is 
the widow of .John Buddenhagen, and she, too, 
is a resident of the great metrojiolis; Wilhel- 
laina and (iotlcib is engaged in the shoe busi- 
ness in New York. 

Frederick II. Berwirth, on October 10, 1873, 
was united in marriage with Mary, a daughter 
of Charles Ilellraan, of Triest, Germany, . the 
ceremony being performed in Philadeljihia, Pa. 
They have three children: Charles, Henrietta 
and Carrie. 

Mr. Herwirth after receiving some education 
in the schools of his native country, learned the 
tailor's trade and came to the United States when 
about fifteen years of age and located in New 
York City, where he followed tailoring thirteen 
monlhs. He tiien went to I'hiladelphia and 
I'cniained there in tho same business about 
seventeen years, when he came to \Vest Ni'Wton 
(l!S87). For the past three years he has been 
working at his trade in his new home and has 
succeeded in building up a good business. He 
is identified with the Lutheran church and in 
politics adheres to the ])rinciples of the Uepubli- 
can Jiarty. He is a member of the Independent 
Order of Odil Fellows of \Vest Newton and 
is a good citizen, worthy of the respect and 
conlidenci! of all. 


IIARLES C. BROWN, one of the in- 
dustrious and energetic citizens of West 
Newton, is a son of Cliristoplier C. and 
Magdalena (Tubiicl:) lirown, and was born in tlie 
(I rand Duchy of liaden, Clrniiany, May IH, 
184li His ancestors for several generations 
bacic were natives of Baden, wiiere his father was 
born in 1787 and died eighty-two years later. 
He was a weaver by occupation and a strict 
member of the Evangelical Lutheran cliurch. 
He married Magdalena Tiiback. They had six 
children, four sons and two daughters: Chris- 
tojiiier (dead) ; John, .lacob, Charles C, Su- 
sannah and Elizabeth (dead). 

CJharles C. ]5rown attended the public schools 
of Germany and then learned the trade of 
weaver. He served in the German army two 
years, the time re(iuired by law of every citizen in 
tile empire. He was a snldier in the Austro- 
l'iiis>i:in war ami partici]i:iteil in several iieree 
and stubiiornly contested battles of that short 
but de<'isive struggle between l'rus.-.ia and Aus- 
tria for political power. 

In 18G8 lie came to New York City but soon 
went to Connecticut and Massachusetts, where 
he worked some time in the woolen factories of 
those States. From New England he went to 
Pliiladel])hia, then removed to Pittsburg and 
from the latter place came in 1870 to West 
NewtiiM. He riadily found employment in 
Clarkson's woolen factory in Sewiekley township 
where he worked until 1872. In that year Mr. 
Brown established his present prosjierous carpet 
and stocking weaving business at AVesl Newton 
and now enjoys a liberal jiatronage. 

(Jn January -1, 1872, he was married to Eva 
Gaider, of West Newton. To this uinoii have 
been born eight chililren : Thomas, Mary, 
Christina, John (dead), Annie, Ada (dead), Eva 
and Charles. 

Charles C. lirowii in jiolities is a republican. 
He and his wife are meudjers of the Evangelical 
liUtheran ciiureh at West Xewlon. 

He has built up a very useful and much 

needed industry in his section of the county. 
He is a skilled and experienced workman in his 
particular line of business and well deserves the 
patronage which he has secured. 

^. OBEllT BROWN, an aged man who 
has retired from the cares, anxieties and 
toils of active life, was born July 2lj, 
181/J, in Fayette county. Pa., and is a son of 
Benjamin and Sarah (Farquhar) Brown. His 
grandfather, Samuel Brown, was of Q'uaker 
origin, a native of New Jersey, migrated to 
Fayette count)'. Pa., at a very early day and 
settled near Fayette City where he tilled the 
soil, lived and died. Benjamin Brown (father), 
one of his sons, was born near Mt. Holly, N. J., 
and when young removed with his jiareiits to 
h'ayette county, i'a., where lie lived anil died. 
He was a cooper iiy trade init his ehiel occupa- 
tion was firming. He was originally a wiiig 
but later a republican. He was born Marcii 22, 
1792, and died January 21, 1877. He was the 
father of eight children, of whom five are living. 
Robert Farquhar (maternal grand-father) was a 
farmer by occupation and lived and died in 
Fayette county, Pa. 

Robert Brown married Barbara A., daughter 
of Jacob Ijonganecker, of Westmoreland county, 
Pa., and they have five living children: Sam- 
uel, married to Annie Lewis, of Fayette county, 
Pa., and who now is a physician in La Salle, 
Ills. ; Charles E., a carpenter, who married He- 
bceca Houglass and lives at West Newton, i'a. ; 
William F., who lives on his father's farm in 
Rostraver townshij), Westmoreland county. Pa., 
and whose wife was Catharine Brown, of Fayette 
county, Pa., and Ida. B., wife of 1). J'. Huiig- 
lass, an agricultural implement dealer, of West 
Newton, Pa., and La Una M., wife of Augustas 
Swartz (deceased). 

Robert Brown received a common school edu- 
cation in I'ayette county, I'a., ami began life a 
poor boy. He was first a traveling salesman 

M if.-|it HJTH l>ll .V-»d VMX] i ibHfrt I 


for a clock manufactory and accumulated some 
money with wliicli he purchased a farm in Ros- 
traver township, Westmoreland county, Pa. In 
the succeeding yeais he bought and sold several 
farms and in ISSI he ])urcliased a residence in 
West Newton which he has occupied since 1882. 
He lias always been a republican and is a mem- 
ber of tlie Baptist church, of which he is a dea- 
con. Mr. Brcjwn, who is about seventy-five 
years of age, is still living in retirement enjoy- 
ing the fruits of a busy and well-employed life. 
In that critical time when the destinies of the 
Unionjiung trembling in the balance his eldest 
son, Samuel, hastened to the service of his 
country and eulisteil in iNDl in the IGth reg. 
I'a. cavalry, and remained in the field to the 
close of the war. lie was uu orderly sergeant 
and participated in about fifteen engagements, 
one of which was the memorable and bloody bat- 
tle of Gettysburg. 

'IIOMAS A. BYGATE, a resident of 
^Vest Newton, a man of good business 
■> qualifications and the skilled foreman of 
the large '• Markle paper-mills," is a sou of 
Jose])h and Mary A. (Booth) Bygate, and was 
born November 10, 1850, at Barnesly, a mining 
anu manufacturing town 'in the West Riding, 
York County, England. His grandfathers. By- 
gate and l>ooth, were natives of England, in 
which country they lived and died. His father, 
Joseph IJygate, was born in 1818, fi}ll()Wed 
weaving for a livehhood in I'higiand and in 18;";.') 
came to Pennsylvania where he lucated at Mon- 
ongabela City, Washington county. He worked 
in a pa|icr mill-at that place until INIil, tbeii 
reiiKurd ti) West Nculdii, lliis county, where he 
remained for twenty-four years, and in 1888 went 
to Scottdale, where he now resides. He is a re- 
publican and a meuiber of the M. E. church. 
He was married in England to Mary Ann 
Booth who died in 188ij. 'I'iiey had four chil- 
dren : Rose A., wife (d'Levi llixoii, a blacksmitli 

at West Newton ; Thomas A. ; William Y., 
who is a jewelry and notion dealer at Scottdale, 
and George E., who died at an early age. 

Thoma.s A. I'ygate received his education in 
the i)uhlic schools of Moiiongahela (Jity and 
worked in the paper-mills of that place and 
West Newton. In 1879 he was made foreman 
of the pajjer-mill at the last named place. In 
1881 he went to Tyrone, Pa., where he superin- 
tended the erection of a jjaper-mill for Morrison, 
Baer & Cass. The next year he returned to 
West Newton and resumed his jjosition as fore- 
man of C. P. Markle & Son's mill, and served in 
that capacity until 1883. From 1883 to 188G 
he was superintendent of Ingham, Mills &. Go's 
paper-mills at Chillicothe, Ohio. In 188(J he 
returned to West Newton and again became 
foreman of Markle i Go's pa]ier-iiiill and has 
held that position ever since. 

November 4, 1875, Mr. Bygate was married 
to Harriet Emma Goldsmith, who was born May 
29, 1855, and is a member of the M. E. church 
at West Newton. They have three children : 
Sarah M., born November 8, 187G ; Harry G., 
born February 7, 1878, and Samuel R., born 
December 5, 1883. 

Thomas A. Bygate has always been a repub- 
lican and is now serving as a school director of 
his borough. He is a member of the West New- 
ton Methodist Episcopal church and West New- 
ton Council, No. 521, Royal Arcanum. He 
owns a nice residence, understands thoroughly 
the manufacture of ])aper in its every detail and 
is an intelligent ami courteous goiillemau. 

*|*OHN OAROTHERS, a comfortably situ- 

Jated citi/en of West Newton and who lias 
been one of the most successful farmers of 
South Huntingdon township, is a son of James 
and Elizabeth (McClure) Carotl ers and was 
born in South Huntingdon township, Westmore- 
land county, l^a., January 18, 1832. His jia- 
lenial grandl'atber, James Carothcrs, came from 



the cilSteni [lart ^^{ this State and scttlctl Oil 
Sc'wickli'v Clock ill Scwickii'V luwiiship, this 
county, lie was an imlustrious lanuLT, an ohl 
line whig ami alter the tiie ileatii ot the \\ hig 
jiarty liecaiiic a stanch re|iulilieaii. II is nialrr- 
nal L'lanillathor, Kiciiaid MeClure, came I'lDni 
one of the eastern counties of Pennsylvania ami 
located in Allegheny county, this State, where 
lie was engaged in farming during the remainder 
of his life. His father, James McCluie, was 
burn in 178IJ in Sewickley towiishi]!, where he 
lived until his death in 1844. He was buried 
in '• Sewickley Creek Presbyterian cemetery." 
He was a whig in politics and a member of the 
Presbyterian church. He was twice married. 
His first wife was a Miss Wood who bore him two 
daughters, and after her death he married Eliza- 
beth McClure, by whom he had one eiiild — the 
subject of this sketch. 

John Carothers received his education in the 
common schools of his neighborhood and was 
engaged in farming in South Huntingdon town- 
sliip until 1887. He then removed to West 
Newton in order to secure better educatiunal ad- 
vantages for his family than was atlorded by tlie 
rural district schools. He immediately pur- 
chased a desirable lot in the borough and 
erected his pri'serit fine and cuuimodious resi- 

lie united in marriage in Movemlier 1870, 
with Martha J. Maikle, who id a daughter of 
Jasper Markle, of West Newton. To their 
union have hei'ii born five children: Kli/.aiielli 
M., Kileii 1!., .Mattie 1!., Agnes M. and 
James H. 

John Carothers is a republican in politics and 
although always interested in the success of his 
party and its measures, yet is no politician or 
seeker for office. He attends the Presbyterian 
church at West Newton, of which his wife is a 
member. Mr. Carothers owns a valuable farm 
of one hundred and fourteen acres of choice and 
well improved land in South Huntingdon town- 
ship, this county. 

SAMUEL COLDSMlTHwas born August 
11, 1818, in Eraiiklin county, I'a., near 
'•J Chaiubersburg, and is a son of Samuel 
and Kli/.abeth (Cri.fl)Coldsniitli. Samuel Cold- 
sniilh (I'atherj was a native of Krankiiii cuuiity, 
I'a., but reniovcil to near Ml. Pleasant, W'est- 
nioielaiul county, in the same State. He was a 
farmer by occupation and a ineiuber of the Ger- 
man Reformed eliuieli. His wile was Elizabeth 
Croft, who became the iiKither of ten ehildreii. 
She was also a member (if the (jeniiau Ueformed 

Samuel Coldsmith, September 5, 1844, became 
the husband of Sarah A. Longenecker, of Simtii 
Huntingdon township, Westmoreland county. 
Pa., and to them were born four children : Mary 
Adaline, who died in youth; Harry B., a drug 
and hardware merchant, who married Adaline, 
daughter of Albert and granddaughter of Judge 
Bell, of West Newton, where Harry resides ; 
John W., who is engaged in the drug business 
at Tarentum, Allegheny county. Pa., and who 
is married to Annie Baljili, of Freeport, Arm- 
strong county. Pa., and Harriet Emma, wife of 
Thomas Bygate, foreman in the AVest Newton 

Samuel Coldsmith in boyhood was bound-out 
to the service of .lesse Lippincott, a merchant 
of Mt. Pleasant, Pa., and consei|uently hud but 
liltle op[ioitunily for acquiring an edueatiuii. 
He however received some instructions in the 
common schools of the place and learned the 
trade of saddle and harness making with a Mr. 
Kielier, at which he has been working from that 
time on. In the fall of 1840 he established 
himself in that business in West Newton, and re- 
alizing the truth of the old adage, ''a rolling 
stone gathers no moss," he has remained in that 
town and in the same businesss ever since. He 
has a good trade and owns real estate in West 
Newton as a result of his industry and perse- 
verance. In principle Mr. Coldsmith is a pro- 
hibitionist. He has served his town as member 
of council and school board, and is an active 


inmiibor of tlio M. E. cliurcli, in wliicli he is a 
tnistcc, Ifciisuri'r. t'hiss li';nU'c iiud was lor 
thirty-six years tho ubli! lihrariaii of tiie Sah- 
l)ath school. .Mr. (Jdldsiiiitii helmigs tu the 
American liCf^ioii of Honor, is a kind huslninil, 
an inilulj;ent parent anil a social gentleman ^vho 
merits the high standing lie enjoys in his com- 

*t AMES W. COLLINS, an active and com- 

Jpetent engineer and a resident of West 
Newton, is a son of William L. and 
Sarah (Glendcning) Collins. lie was born 
January 14, 18411, at Connellsville, Eayetto 
county, I'a., of which town his lather and grand- 
father Collins were natives. His paternal 
grandfather, James Collins, was an expert and 
successful tailor of Connellsville. He was a 
strong member of the IJaptist church and in 
political faith was a whig and afterwards a re- 
publican, llis maternal grandfather, William 
Glendening, was a native of Kentucky, who im- 
migrated to a farm in Dunbar township, near 
Connellsville, in the above named county. He 
was a steady and industrious citizen and served 
in the late civil war. His fither, William L. 
Collins, was born in ISI'.I and reared at Con- 
nellsville, where he has always resided. He 
learned the trade of tailor but afterwards studied 
and practiced medicine. 1 le is an active worker 
in the Republican party, a prominent member 
of the Ba|)tist church and married Sarah (llen- 
deniiig, by whom he had twelve children, one 
of whom is the subject of this sketch. 

James W. Collins was reared at Connellsville 
where he was educated in the [lublic schools 
of that place. He learned the trade of moulder 
which he followed for threeyears. In the mean- 
time having decided upon railroad engineering 
as a life-pursuit, he accordingly abandoned the 
moulding trade and went on the railroad in 
1871. He has been an engineer upon the road 
ever since. In 1881 he removed from Connells- 

ville to West Newton where he built and now 
(U-cupies u very lino and tasti-l'iil I'esidence. 

On neceniber :J.S, 1871, Mr. Collins was mar- 
ried to Annie lloland. 

J. W. Collins is a lueiiiber of the Ihotber- 
hood of Locomotive Engineers and Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He is one who believes 
in the principles of the Democratic party and 
has always supported its nominees. He under- 
stands well his present line of business and is re- 
garded as a safe and successful engineer. 

•^LEXANDEIl iM. DICK, one of West 
\^t Newton's best and uiost popular men, 
was born January U, 1848, in Sewickley 
township, Westmoreland county, Pa., and is a 
son of John M. and Maria (McClintock) Dick. 
His father was born near Wooster, Ohio, in 
180U, and was by occupation a farmer ; he emi- 
grated to this county and settled in Sewick- 
ley township, where he continued farming and 
also kept hotel for a time. In politics he was 
a Jacksonian democrat and his chosen denom- 
ination was the United Presbyterian church. 
He married Maria McClintock, who bore him 
eight children : William, married to Isabella 
Tracy and now living in Iowa : Jonathan, at 
home ; Samuel, a miller by trade, married to 
Mary Croft, now a farmer in Kansas ; Jane, 
wife of Ephraim Latta, of this county ; James 
M., living in Michigan ; Mary, wife of David A. 
Hunter, of West Newton; IJobert (deceased), 
and .\le.\ander ^L 

Alexander M. Dick was reared in the rural 
atmosphere of Sewickley township, and after 
leaving the comm^;:! schools was engaged for more 
than three years as manager of the store of A. 
Wagoner, of Pell's Mills. In 1872 he traveled 
ill eastern Pennsylvania and later in the same 
year went to West Newton, entering the store 
of S. C. Weimcr, in which he remained thirteen 
years as general clerk. In August, 1885, he 
was appointed postmaster at AV'^cst Newton by 



President Cleveland, and has filled the position 
eiliciuntly and satisfactorily. In connection 
with tiie post-office he has a book and station- 
ery store. In 1HH2, together willi Or. .1. II. 
liichey, of West Newton, lie purcliascd the 
" Old (Jlivcr Farm " and laid out wliat is now 
called Oollinshurg (just Ijflcjw 'West Newton), 
which is now quite a nice-sized village. Mr. Dick 
is an uncompromising democrat and takes an ag- 
gressive part in political afi'airs. He has served 
as scluwl director of his borough and is secretary 
of the board of trustees of the United Presbyte- 
rian church, to which his wife and daughter also 
belong. He is secretary of the West Newton 
gas company. Bright in intellect, above re- 
proach in character, agreeable in society, courte- 
ous and prompt in business, and quick yet care- 
ful in action, A. M. Dick is one of the men who 
will push his way to the front in spite of the 
obstacles in his way ; he was not " born great," 
neither has he had " greatness thrust upon him ;" 
but whatever success has been his he has 
''achieved ; " wiiat he is he has made himself; 
he is the architect and builder of his own 

A. M. Dick was married December 2.5, 1873, 
to Mary C, a daughter of John C. Benford, of 
near Madison, this county, and they have two 
children: Ada M., born" N(,veml)er l;5, 1875, 
and Mary E. C, l)orn Kcbniary 14, IHKO. 

rYY^I'T^l'^'^I *^'- r.AU.AGIIFJl, of West 
Newton, was born .lanuary 'Jil, ISiffj, in 
Somerset county, Pa., ;iiid is a son of 
William and Eleanor (Campbell) Gallagher. Ilis 
grandfather, Daniel Gallagher, was born in 
County Fermanagh, Ireland, and immigrated in 
179G to the United States, locating at Baltimore, 
Md., whence he subsequently removed to Ilag- 
crstown in the same Stnle. At the latter place 
he married Elizabeth P.onbrigH and with her 
went to Somerset county, Pa. Jolm Campbell, 
maternal grandfather, was a native of Somerset 

county and joined the army in the war of 1812, 
but failed to return and has never since been 
hoard of. William Gallagher (fatiier) was born 
in Jenncr township, Somerset county, August 
;>, 1803, and died i88*i in Latrobe, this county, 
to wliich place he had removed in 1850. 
He was u faiiuer and engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until within a few years of his death. 
He was originally a democrat, but after the 
election of President Polk he became a whig, 
and upon the formation of the Republican party 
he identified himself with that organization. He 
married Eleanor Campbell, who bore him five 
sons and four daughters, of whom four sons and 
two daughters are living. 

William C. Gallagher attended the common 
schools of his boyhood days and afterward be- 
came a practical ilistiller. During the fourteen 
years he followed this work he was nearly all the 
time in the employ of Thomas Moore at w hat is 
now known as Guft'ey's station. After he (juit 
the distilling business and while he lived at 
Shaiier he began working at the carpenter 
trade, at whicli he continued until 1884; he also 
carried on the undertaking business at Shaner. 
In 1884 he removed to West Newton where he 
has ever since been engaged exclusively in un- 
dertaking, and has been favored with a large 
business in the town and surrounding country. 
Mr. (jalhigher is a repuljlican in political prin- 
ple and has served five years (1880-1885) as 
justice of the peace in Sewickley township. 
Hotli he and his wife are members of the 
M. K. churcli in which he is a trustee and 
class leader. For twelve years ho has been 
connected with the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen anu" is now a member of the Victor 
Lodge, No. 95. 

William C. Gallagher was married December 
9, 185M, to Christiana L., a daughter of John 
Steck (deceased), of near Greensburg, and they 
have five children : Sarah Kllen, wife of Charles 
Fellabaum, of Shaner, this county ; Alice Re- 
becca, Ida Jane, John L. and Eleanor C. 



]jr\ALTlIAS GETCHEY, an enterprising 
'VSl resident of West Ni'wton, wiis born VAr 
ruary H', ISill, in Uurwani^en, Kinj^iloni 
of Wlirll'lilliiUL,', (i<.'riii:uiy, :Uiil is a sun (if l!:iltiiiis 
and Kli/iibctli (Uausor) (Jctrlioy. iii^ l';itinr wiis 
born in Wurteniburg in ITTii, was lirst married 
to a Murtz, and to tliem was born one child, 
Mary, who is now dead. After the death of liis 
first wife lie nuirried a second time and to them 
■were born two children, Joanna and Jacob F., 
both of whom have since died. Jacob F., came 
to Ameri'ia in 1837, settleil in South Iliinting- 
dou township, tliis county, and engaged in farm- 
ing. He was married in 184.0 to Mary Yont, this 
county, ilis widow still lives in the southern 
part of the county near West Newton. JJalthas 
Oetciiey, father of the subject, was married a 
tiiircl time to Elizabeth llauser, and to thein 
■were born one cliild, Balthas Getchey. After 
the death of his third wife he was married 
a fourth time to Catharine Speidtel. Ik- only 
enjoyed lliis fourth maniago but a short time. 
lie ilied in 18;17. 

Halthas Getchey (subject) was reared and 
educated in Germany, where he learned the 
trade of cabinet-making in \Vurti.'udierg, and at 
the age of nineteen went to Switzerland and 
worked at his trade there until he \vas twenty- 
one, when he was ci;mpelled to return homr to 
arrange for (Jerman militia. lie was dral'lrd, 
paid four hundred guilders, or about one hun- 
dred and sixty dollars for a substitute, after 
which he returned to Sxs it/.eiland and remained 
until 1^44, when he started witii com|iaiiions 
down the Khine to Uotteiilam, tiienee to ll.i\ii', 
Franct', wiiere they took a vessel lor America. 
After being on the ocean for forty-two days he 
was landed at New York. He soon worked his 
way to Westmoreland county, and after working 
at his trade at various jxjints settled at West 
Newton in 184'J and commenced to carry on the 
cabinet-making and furniture busine.s.s, where he 
has CM r sirjrc rrmaimd in llio same business. 
In IM;") he, with his brother, .laeijh K., brgan 

drilling a salt well and succeeded in finding some 
salt water and also struck a ([uantily of gas 
which they utilizeil for a number of years in 
boiling llu^ salt water. Mr. Getchey was thus 
liie lirst man to use natural gas in this part of 
the country for manufacturing purposes ; and 
he believes that this gas came from the same 
belt that has since been supplying gas in such 
vast quantities. ]Mr. Getchey has acquired a 
fiiir competency in life and deserves the success 
he has achieved by industry, honesty and 
sobriety. Politically he is a democrat and has 
served his borough as councilman and school 
director. He is a member of the Lutheran 
church, is treasurer of the board of trustees, 
and for thirty-seven years has been identified 
with West Newton Lodge, No. 440, I. 0. of 0. 
F., and never received one cent for relief; haS 
been its treasurer since 1870 and is a member 
of the Encampment branch of same order and 
its treasurer since instituted at West Newton. 

Balthas Getchey (subject) was married in 
1840 to Anna Barbara Keck of South Hunting- 
don township, and to their union have been born 
five children, two of whom have died (Frank 
Lucas anil Anna M.). Jacob F. is a carpenter 
now Working at the West Newton planing-mills, 
where lie has been ever since they were built ; 
was married March o, 187'.i, to Jennie Frew. 
Like his father he is a stanch tlemocrat. Eliza- 
beth (Jatharine was married November 28, 1877, 
to Edmund ]'. Cani])bell and resides in West 
Newton, I'a. T'Ucy E. was nnirried ]\Lirch '21, 
lS84, to George L. Croushore and resides in the 
same place. 

O'OLOMON GO0I)?»IAN, a man of good 
GSj business ability and a successful dry-goods 
(^ merchant of West Newton, is a son of 
Lazar (jioodinan and was born in Russia in 18iil. 
He emigrated with his father in 1874 from llus- 
sia to the linilcd Stales and lorated in I'll l.--i)Urg, 
I'a. lie remained in (he " lion City " for four 

liloaltAl'lUES OF 

yours and tlion returned to the '" Doniiniuus of 
tlie Czar." After ii second residence in llussiu 
of four years lie again crossed tlie Atlantic ami 
came hack to I'itl.iliiiru;, where lie was engaged 
in hiu-iness until l.">>T. In lliat year he re- 
moved to West Mewtou and opened his jnesent 
dry-goods and clothing estahlishnient. He car- 
ries a full line of everything usually found in a 
dry -goods store and is constantly increasing his 
Stock to accommodate his numerous customers. 

On May 31, 1887, Mr. Goodman unite.l in 
marriage with Tillie Miller, a daughter of Ma.x 
Miller, who is a well established merchant of 
I'ittshurg. Mr. and Mrs. Goodman have one 
child, a S(jn, who is named Abie. 

In political opinion ^Ir. Goodman is a repub- 
lican. He is a member of the Hebrew church. 

ANIEL E. HAMILTON, a descendant 
of two old and substantial families of the 
County, and one of the proprietors of the 
West New ton carriage factory, is a son of Robert 
and Eliza (Greenawalt) Hamilton, and was horn 
near Millsboro, in Sewickley township, West- 
moreland county. Pa., June 7, 18(il. (For 
paternal ancestry see sketcii of ^V. C. Hamilton.) 
Robert Hamilton was born in Sewickley town- 
ship, this county, March 7, 181.0. His life- 
woik was farming, and in ISIj;] he removed to 
Clinton county, Iowa, where he died ^Vugust 
13, 18(39. On March 4, 1847, he married 
Eliza Greenawalt, uho was horn April !>, 182r), 
and died July -7, lMi7. They had seven 
chililiTii : Ihiiily .J., wife of Samuel IJaer, 
fanner of Clinton county, Iowa; Samuel C 
married Lizzie Rrooks and is farming in Clinton 
county, Iowa ; Caleb F., farmer of Sewickley 
townshij) ; Joseph F. and Daniel, of West 
Newton ; Mary F. and George E., who died in 

His maternal grandfather, Haniel Greenawalt, 
wa.s a grandson of Jacob and Martha (llrcnne- 
man) Greenawalt, who were natives of Lancaster 

county. Pa., and settled in an early day in 
Sewickley township, where they reared a family 
of nine cliildren. Daniel Greenawalt was born 
September :l, 17'.'li. He was an earnest mem- 
ber of Salem liajitist church, foumled in 17'.l:i 
and eight miles distant from his home. His 
wife was Emily S(iuihb, who was born near (,'on- 
nellsville. Pa., September 4, 1798, and was a 
daughter of Caleb and Ann Squibb. Daniel 
Greenawalt settled on one hundred and ninety-six 
acres of land at Browns Ferry, on the Youghi- 
oghney river, where he died March 9, 18-38, 
and his widow survived him until April 2G, 
18G8. They had five children: Martha, widow 
of Col. J. 15. Copeland, who died in Andrain 
county. Mo.; Angelina, widow of Dr. 0. II. 
McAlister, of McAlistersville, Pa. ; Capt. Caleb 
and George E., who died in infancy. Capt. Caleb 
Greenawalt marrieil Mary M. Rell December 
7, 18G4, and was run over and killed by a train 
of cars on December '20, 1883, in front of life 
own home. His death cast a gloom over the 
whole neighborhood. lie enlisted on July 0, 
1861, as second lieutenant of Co. F, twenty- 
eit^hth regt. Pa. Vols., and was promoted to 
a captaincy. He served under Gea. Tyndale 
at Harper's Ferry both as an officer and spy, 
was with Gen. Banks, and then was trans- 
1 ferred to Gen. Sherman's army, fought at 
J Atlanta ami led his company in the "march 
to the sea. ' 

Daniel Hamilton received his education in 
the Western Pennsylvania Classical and Scien- 
tific Institute of ISIt. Pleasant. He went with 
his parents to Iowa and after their death re- 
turned to Westmoreland county, where he made 
his home with his uncle, Capt. Caleb Greenawalt. 
He was~engaged from 1883 to 1889 in farming 
and dairying on the "Brown's ferry farm " at 
Buena A'^ista, where he now owns one-half inter- 
est in two hundred and seventy-eight acres of 
land. In September, 1889, he purchased a half 
interest in the carriage factory and machine 
shoj)s of J. F. Hamilton at West Newton, and 

Vi ir.jU j.i iiiJitJiuuili . *! .u iu riiOiii! I lUltti^ 

II u*r'j»/ oiiv .iliiwiiil'rjn 


is now activt'ly engaged in carrying on the ex- 
tensive business of tiiese carriage wnrics. 1 )aniel 
E. Ifamilton is a woricing inonil)er of tlie Mars 
llill l!:i|ilisl cliinrli, a wuriii IViciiil of llic coiii- 
iiiiiLL sclinols anil MM ai'live r('|iiililleaM, \\lii> lias 
serveil as selioul director and held various other 
local offices. He has alwaj's been diligent in 
the pursuit of his business and is ever ready to 
support any movement or enterprise calculated 
to l»encfit the community in which lie lives. 

•f* AMES HAMILTON, who is a resident of 
t AVest Newton, was for many years a success- 
(1/ ful woolen manufacturer of southwestern 
Pennsylvania. He is a son of James, Sr. and 
Catharine (Clarkj Hamilton and was born 
near Cannonsburg, Washington county. Pa., 
December 2, 1S()4. James Hamilton, paternal 
grandfother, was a native of Ireland, He im- 
migrated to America and settled near (Junnons- 
Lurg, Washington county, Pa., where he died on 
his farm in 1806. John Clark, maternal grand- 
fiither, ^¥as a native of New Jersey wdio emi- 
grated to Pennsylvania and settled in Washing- 
ton county, this State, where he died in tlieyear 
180(). He was a farmer by occu|)atioii, served 
in the Revolutionary war and was engaged in the 
battle of Monmouth. James llaiuiitnn. Sr. 
(father) was born in county Down, Irel.ind, and 
came to this coiintrv with his fatlier when (piite 
a young man. lie settled in ^Vashington 
fiiuiilv, where he resided till his death in ISi^O. 
He married Catherine Clark and reari'il a family 
of four sons and four daughters, of whom the 
only one now living is the subject of this sketch. 
James Hamilton attended the schools of his 
native county and after attaining his majority 
embarked in the manufacture of woolen goods. 
In 1M29 he came to Rostraver township, this 
county, where he was engaged for eighteen years 
in manufacturing woolen goods. In the spring 
of 1.S47 he removed to West Newton, became 
collector for the ^'ougllioghclly Navigation com- 

pany and collected the principal part of the 
money with which that company built the locks 
and dams of the Youghioglieny river from \Vest 
Nc^wliin III I'lll.siiurg. Ileuiis then made agent 
by the same ciu [loial ion and was sliilioiied al 
West Newton for three years: was apiiointcd 
postmaster under Prest. Lincoln in IblJl and 
served till ]8(J9. Since then Mr. Hamilton has 
lived a retired life. 

In 1838 he united in marriage with Jane, 
daughter of John Patterson. To their union 
was born one child, James P. Hamilton. He 
married Jennie A. Luker, of Allegheny City, 
and was a prominent merchant of West Newton 
from 181)0 until his death, February 21, 1885. 
He had two children : Bert L., born October 5, 
1807, and died Deceuiber 11, 1883, a very 
promising young man ; Alfonso F., born Feb- 
ruary 4, 1S73, aTid is now living with his wid- 
dowed mother \vith the subject of this sketch. 

James Hamilton is a republican and before 
that party came into existance he was a whig. 
He has served as burgess and councilman of 
West Newton and has held all the other offices 
of his borough. Mr. Hamilton has been a trus- 
tee for thirty-five years and is now president of 
the board of numagera of the West Newton 
Cemetery Association. He is a prominent, in- 
fluential and useful member of the Presbyterian 
church and one of the most highly respected 
citizens of the borough. 

'i' and enterprising business man of AVest 
^2/ Newton, was liorn at P)uena Vista, on the 
Youghioglieny river, 'A'estmoreland county, Pa., 
September 15, 1857, and is a son of Robert 
and Ann Eli/.a (Greenawalt) Hamilton. His 
great-grandfather, Robert ILimilton, was one of 
si.x brothers who emigrated fiiini Ireland to 
America about the close of the Revolutionary 
war. Robert Hamilton was a weaver and set- 
tled in 1782 in what is now Sewiekley township. 

BioCiii.irmt's OF 

He w;w an honorable arnl useful man, litM meiii- 
Ler.-hip in the L'nittd I'resbvteiiun cluirLh ami 
died in ISlo. He tooic an active pan in the 
" Wlii-'key Insiirrectiuii," inarrieil Mai-L'aret Har- 
ris anil I'rareil a latiiily of nine eliililren. of 
■n-honi one was Samuel Hamilton (graiulfather) 
who was born in 17i'-J. He served under Capt. 
JIarkle in the war of 1812, and married Mary 
Cooper, daughter of John Cooper, who once 
owned a part of the ground on whieh the battle 
of Gettysburg was fought. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hamilton were the parents of six children, of 
whom one is Hon. Ale.xander C. Hamilton, of 
West Newton. 

Joseph Frazier Hamilton was educated in the 
common schools of Sewickley townshiji. \Vlien 
about ten years of age his father died and he 
then liveil on a farm with his uncle, ■fuseiih Ham- 
ilton, of Scwickley township until he ^vas nine- 
teen years of age. He wa^ then proujpled with 
a desire to do for himself and began the battle of 
life with no resources but a strong will and un- 
tiring energy. J]eiiig naturally of a n:ecliunical 
turn of mind lie entered the shop of W. 1!. (.'hain, 
where lie learned the trade of blacksmith and 
carriage builder. .\t the e.vpiration of his a]i- 
jircnliceship he took hold of the .Mill (irove car- 
riage factory, which had been abaiidnnrd by his 
predcces.sor as unpi'ofitable. In a .short time 
his business had so increased that it u:is neces- 
sary for bim to I'lupliiy live nr six assistants in 
order to supply the demand made upon bim lor 
\V(irk. llavnig shown ciraily his adaplabdily 
foi- businc.s.s b\ his success bi' piocccdcd to en- 
large the sphere of his operations ajid increase 
his means of prosecuting the same, and (liSScSj 
removed his business to \\ est Newton, where he 
erected a large tbrec-stoiy factory, o.jxIOO feet, 
especially designed for his work and fitted 
throughout with all the necessary implements 
with which to carry on his Ijiisiness after the 
most improved plans of the day. In adilitiiju to 
the main factory be has built a large wai'chouse, 
llJxGiS feet, tliree-stories hi;:b. liesides his fac- 

, tory he owns other valuable real estate in the 
! borough. In the spring of 1^00 he associated 
] with him iiis brother, Daniel E. Hamilton ; the 
j firm name is now Hamilton Bros., and their 
I business has been steadily increa.sing in volume 
, and popularity. They now eniplo}' a large num- 
I ber of men and build all styles of carriages, 
wagons and hearses. They receive orders for 
work from Greensburg, McKeesport, Braddock 
and Pittsburg. In political faith he is a repub- 
lican and has served as central committee-man a 
number of years. He is a firm believer in the 
principles of his party and is ever willing to 
contribute to the promotion of the success of the 
party of Lincoln and Grant. He is a member 
of the Jr. 0. U. jM. at West Newton. 

J. Frazier Hamilton is entirely a self-made 
man, having won success for himself by his gocnl 
judgment combined w^itli an iron will and a 
marvellous capacity for hard work. His career 
is a practical veritication of Daniel Webster's 
aphorism : " There is always room at the top." 

was born Decembi:r "JT, DS'il, in iSewick- 
ley lo\vnship, Westmoreland county, I'a., 
and is a son of Samuel and Mai'y (Cooper) 
IIaniilt(Ui. His grandl'ather, Robert Hamilton, 
was a weaver in Ireland, but in ]7)S2 he immi- 
grated to America and settled in what is now 
iSewickley township, Westmoreland county, I'a., 
where he followed farnring. Five of bis brolh- 
ers preceded him to the United Slates and set- 
tle<l near Fort I'itt, on the present site of I'itts- 
burg, since which time nothing has been heard 
of them or their descendants. Robert Hamil- 
ton married Margaret Harris and to them were 
i^orn nine children. He was, while in Ireland, 
a member of the Covenanter church, but in this 
country he became identilied with the Associate 
Reformed, now the United rresbyteriau church. 
He was an honorable and conscientious man 
and lived till LSI;'). He took an active jiarl in 


the " Wliisky Insurrection " of 1794. Samuel 
Hamilton (t'atlicr), one oi" liis sons, was born in 
ITiSo on tlio old liomestead farm in Scwickley 
towiislii|i, Westmoreland eoiinty, J'a. In tlie 
war of IHlti he served in Capt. Jose[>li Maikle's 
troop of cavalry and engaged at the Mississin- 
ewa towns, Fort Meigs and in several other 
skirmislies along the River Raisin. Ilis horse 
was wounded, but he brought him home, an<l 
both the horse and the wound are distinctly re- 
membered by his children. Like his father he 
was a whig, but in later years became a repub- 
lican, lie married Mary Cooper and tliey had 
six children. .Joim Cooper (maternal grand- 
fatlier) was a native of (jhester county, Pa. 
lie was a democrat, a farmer and o\wied part 
of the land on which the iiattlc of ( iettysburg 
was fought. 

Alexander C. Hamilton was married to Eliza 
A., daughter of John Marshall, of Westmore- 
land county. Pa., and they have live children : 
Mary E., John M., married to Matilda Elliott 
and living at West Newton; Samuel, a carriage 
painter, also living in West Newton ; Madge, 
principal of Scott Haven schools, who was edu- 
cated at the Indiana State Normal, and Camelia 
J., wife of C. r. Ray, a farmer in Kostraver 

Alexander C. Hamilton was eilucated in the 
public schotds and began life as a fariiicr on the 
liomesteail farm in Sewickley tuwnsliip, West- 
moreland c'luuty, I'a- He is a re)iublican and 
h;is ;ilttays laKcH an active pail in polilical af- 
fairs. l''(ir Icii years JK' M'lvcd as jiisliee id' 
tiie jicace in his native tuwnship, ami tor 
eighteen years he held the ollice of scliool di- 
rector, most of the time being secretai'y of the 
b<.;ird. In ISGD be was elected to the icgis- 
latui-c (if I'ermsyh'aiiia to represent the cdunties 
of Wesliiiorrl.ind and Indiana, which be did 
witli credit to biuisclf and satisfaction to his 
constituents. I 'nder the administration of (irant 
lie wa.s a.ssislanl assessor and deputy collector of 
inleinal revenue, and during ihe war be was 

supervisor of the first Order of Draft in West- 
moreland county, Pa. Although Mr. Hamilton 
is a resilient of AVcst Newton he owns a line 
farm in Sewickley townshi|i — a ]iart of the old 
liomestead. He is a meiiilier of the United 
Presbyterian church, in which he is a ruling 
elder and is an affable and highly respected 

OBERT 1). HUMES was born February 
24, 1833, in 'rareutum, Allegheny county, 
Pa., and is a son of James and ]\Iary (Neg- 
ley) Humes. His grandfather, John Humes, 
was a native of Ireland, and in bis youth immi- 
grated to America previously to the Revolution- 
ary war. He settled at what is now Manor, 
AVestmorelaiid coiuily, Pa., where he tilled the 
soil and ran a distillery. During the war for 
Independence ho served as a teamster under 
Washington, after which be returned to M:inor, 
where he remained until his death. James 
Humes (father), one of his sons, was born in 
July, 1793, at Manordale, Westmoreland county, 
Pa., and died at Tarentuni, in the adjoining 
county of Allegheny, September 17, 1805. He 
was by occupation a farmer and a democrat all 
his life until the late war, when he voted partly 
with the republicans. He first married Mary, 
daughter of John Vance, of Elizabeth town.ship, 
Allegheny county, who bore him two children. 
His second wife was iMary, daughter of Felix 
Neglcy, of Allegheny coiinly. Pa., and they had 
fourlcen children, ten of whom were sons. Fe- 
lix Negley (maternal grandfather) was of Cu'r- 
man descent, and in 179t) settled where the bor- 
ough of Tarentiim, Allegheny county. Pa., now 
stands. In 1797 be built a saw mill and grist 
mill and in 18:11 be built a carding factory and 
began cardiiig in 1821 in company with Alex. 
McAllister. In 1832 Mr. Negley died, and his 
son Felix cari'it'd on the business until 18r)2, 
when he also died. Felix NcLdey, Sr., married 
llutli llorloii, whose brother 'I'liomas built the 


first house in Tavoiituin, a lon;-c!iliin, wliicli stood 
oti tlio ri.;;;lit bank of Uull i ifck, near its luoiilli. 
I'lio Noi^lcys and tlio lloilons woro tlie foinuici-.s 
of ^vllat is now llio lioui-isliin^ borouj;li of 'J'a- 
I'cntinn, Alloghony county, I'a. 

Kobert D. Humes was educated in the public 
and private sciiools of Tarentum, and engaged 
for a time in farming, but later began the man- 
ufacture of brick at his native town. In 18G1 
he went to the oil region and was in the oil 
business there about a year. In August, 18G2, 
he enlisted in Co. I, one hundred and t\v(^nty- 
third reg. Pa. Vols. 'J'iie day following his 
cnli.stment as a private he was ]ironioteil to the 
captaincy of his company, in which c;i]iacitv he 
served until December J;!, ISti-J, when, at the 
battle of I'redei'icksburg, he was wounded in the 
thigh by a rifle-ball and disabled. His regiment 
was part of the time under command of Fitz 
John Porter and the remainder under " Fight- 
ing " Joe Hooker. The Hunieses have from 
time immemorial been members of the Presby- 
terian church, in which many of tliera have been 
elders, llobert 1). Humes is an elder in the same 
church at West Newton, and held the same po- 
sition before going to that place in 1880. Mr. 
Humes is a re[)ublican and an active worker in 
his parly but has no political asjjirations. Mr. 
lliimcs has been engaged in the drug business 
ever since he returned from the war. 

Newton, was born July 2(J, 1847, in 
Pittsburg, Pa., and is a son of John and 
Martha (liurket) King. His maternal grand- 
father, Jacob Buiket, was a native and resident 
of Stoystown, Somerset county, Pa., and fol- 
lowed the occupation of farming. John King 
was a resident of Allegheny City, where he died 
November li!, l.SSi). He was a mouldei'by 
trade and worked at moulding all his life. He 
was the father of nine children, seven of whom 
are livinK- 

Alinander 15. King was educated in the com- 
mon schools, and m LSIJIl, at the age of sixteen 
entered the service of the (iovernnient in the 
second rog., Maryland Volunteers, and remained 
until the close of the war. lie was engaged in 
the battles of Gettysburg, Fisher Hill, Cedar 
Creek and various others. After the war he 
learned the shoemaker trade, at which he has 
worked ever since though not continuously. 
Since his marriage he has lived at West Newton 
and is running a shoe store in connection with 
work at his trade. 

On the 17th of December, lS74,he was united 
in marriage with Klizabeth, a daughter of John 
and Elizabeth (Bryan) Mellender. They have 
ha<l live children : John A. (deceased), Cora M. 
(deceased), Winfiehl L., Elizabeth N., and one 

Mrs. King's mother, Elizabeth (Bryan) 
Mellender, was born March 7, 18-20, and is a 
daughter of Abraham Bryan, a native of Bucks 
county. Pa., who migrated to East Huntingdon 
township, this county, where he died. Elizabeth, 
one of his nine children, was married March 20, 
1845, to John Mellender, who died July 18, 
188,'). They had five children : Mary E., b(irn 
April 2t), 184(i ; John A., born September 2'J, 

1847, died in 1874 ; Samuel P., born May 27, 
1852 ; William D. H., born November 30, 
1853, died in 18l31, and Lafayette P., born Sept. 
22, 185G. Mrs. Elizabeth Mellender is rather 
a remarkable woman. She was left at fifteen 
years of age without a home; she began earning 
a livelihood by sewing and spinning by the 
week at Mount Pleasant and afterwards worked 
for some time at Greensburg. By economy she 
soon accumulated suilicieut money to ]iurchase 
a farm of one hundred acres at the foot of Chest- 
nut llidge, for which she paid §500. After 
living on it for several years she, on April 1, 

1848, moved to the Mount Pleasant toll-gate 
and became tollkeei)er on the turn](ike, and 
afterwards at the bridge across the Youghiogh- 
cnv river at West Newton, from Octobei' 1, 


uj:sTM(tRj':LAyi> couyrr. 

lSC)-2 to 1884. In the luountiiiu' .slie l)oj;;ui to 
deal in real estate, which she has eontinued ever 
since. Mrs. MeHenilur was very imich crip- 
pleil when a eliilil hy rhciiiiialisni, hiil recuvcrin;^ 
IVoni its cU'eets has heen a lh(jniiij^li-;^'oing and 
active bu.sines3 woman ever since. With re- 
markable foresight slie purchased land where tlie 
railway was afterwards made and realized hand- 
somely on her investments in land as well as 
upon several houses which she built and sold. 
She owns bridge stock and built her present 
fine residence at West Newton. It is an ell- 
shaped building, ■20.\40 feet front and a wing 
lG.\4r) feet. That she is a woman of far more 
than ordinary business ability is evidenced by 
the fact tiiat she began with nothing and is to- 
day worth at least §20.000. She is philan- 
thropic and liberal ; she built the parsonage of 
the church of (iod at a cost of some §1,800 
and donated it to that church, of whicli siie is a 
member and a liberal supporter. 

jOBEIlT II. LATIMOUE. The Emerald 
Isle, though small in extent, has sent to 
the shores of America thousands of men 
who by industry, energy and good judgment 
have worked their way up to fortune, and not a 
few whose fame as oratois and statesmen has 
spread more continents than one. AiiKJUg 
tin- sons of Erin whu left the land nf llieir nativ- 
ity andln'raiiie American cili/.rns, ami who have 
foiiL'hl the I'allh' of lii'e failiy and siirc,-.>ridly 
is Uoliert 11. Latimore, who was horn December 
22, 1842, in county Tyrone, Ireland, and whose 
parents were John and Mary Ann (Armstrong) 
Latimore. His great-great-grandfallur was a 
native of Scotlan<l, but inuuigrated to Ireland, 
.settling in county Tyrom-. Kobcrt Latimore 
(grandfather) was born, li\eil and dieil in that 
county, where by occupation he was a tiller of 
the soil. John Latimore (father) was born in 
county Tyione, Ireland, in Lsl."), inmiigraled to 
the Unilrd Stales and hical.'d in ScwicKh^y 

townshi]), Westmoreland county, I'a., wliere he 
owns a good farm on which he lives, and also 
engages in stock-raising. lie married in IS'ST, 
Mary Ann Arnislrong and ihey have seven 
chiidr.'ii: Kobcit 11.; Kli/.a, wile of William 
IJorons, a fanner of Sew ickley townshii»; James, 
who married Laura Douglass of Rostraver town- 
ship, who is superintendent of mines and lives 
in West Newton ; Margaret J., wife of Alex- 
ander Moreland, of West Newton ; Charles D.; 
Letitia, wife of R. R. Latimore, of Mansfield, 
Pa., who is in the coal business with Armstrong 
& Co.; and William J., who is at home with his 
father on the farm. James Armstrong (maternal 
grandfather) was also a native of county Tyrone, 
Ireland, where he lived and died. lie was a 
large land owner in Ireland and on his property 
was situated a large flouring mill. II is religious 
faith was that of the Covenanters or Reformed 

Robert II. Latimore married December 31, 
1867, Emily, a daughter of Abram Greenawalt of 
Sewickley township, this county, and to their 
union have been born four children : Wiliner A., 
born October 4, 18G9, ami now at home with 
his father, engaged as bookkeeper for the firm of 
which his father is a member, having com,pleted 
a course of study in Curry Business college ; Ger- 
trude, born June G, 1872, now attending New 
\Vilmington college, Lawrence county, Pa., where 
she cxjiects to graduate; Mamie, born September 
12, l87r), and Maggie, born November 5, 188-}. 

ivolieit 11. Latimore was ediicaied ill the 
schools of Ireland and before coming to America 
worked on a farm. After his arrival in Penn- 
sylvania he embarked in the coal business as su- 
perintendent of the mines at Armstrong station 
on the R. iSc O. R. R., in which position he con- 
tinued for seventeen years with no intermission 
e.\ccpt a period of three months in which he 
visited Port Rush, a famous watering jilace in 
the northern part of Ireland The visit was 
made for the belielit of his health and since that 
lime he has never heen sick a siii'jle week. At 

niO(.;i:AViiii:s of 

tlio t'xpinilion o( tliu sevt'iitccii yours lie ciimii^tMl 
ill the (.•(i:il lor liiiiisulf ;it West Newton, 
operating what is called the Yuiigli Slope Ga8 
Coal (Joinpaiiy's mines. This eoiiipany mines 
and ships Youghiogheny gas coal. Mr. Lati- 
more has been in this business since 1871t, and 
in addition owns and eondiiets the business of a 
large general store in W^est Newton ; he also ships 
coal to his yards in Pittsburg where it is retailed 
to the city trade. He owns a valuable farm in 
Sewii'kley townsliip and a fine brick residence 
in West >,'e\\l(ia wliieh he built for a home. 
lie removed to \Vest Newton in 1.'!>7'J in order 
to secure greater etliicationul advantages and 
all tlie benefits and enjoyments of town life, j 
Mr. liatimoic takes an active interest in the ' 
success of the liepublican Iiaity and is a con- 
sistent mendier of the I'liited Presbyterian 
chureii at \Ve>t Newton, uf which he was one 
of the trustees who built the present ciiurcli ; 
edifice in LSS:) ^t a cost of twenty-three thousand 
dollars. Mrs. Latimore and three of the child- 
ren are also members of the same church. 
Robert II. Latimore possesses i)usiness qualifica- 
tions of a liigli onler, a ver}' pleasant and af- 
fable gentleman, and richly de>eives the res- 
pect and popidarity lie enjoys. It is an old 
saying that " man is the arcliitect of his own 
fortune," and tlie success of Mr. Latimore is 
an evidence of its truth. 

•f AMK.s II. I, AWIIKAI), M. D., ., -urcess- 
jj I'ul Vi'iihg pliysician of West Ncwlon, was 
QJ born at .Moigantuwn, W. \'a., January .'), 
l!SG2. He entered the State University and was 
graduated from there in the class of l<S8:i. He 
afterwards studied medicine lor tliree years and 
was suiisci|Uc'iit]y graduated from llie .lell'erson 
Medical college, I'hdadelphia, in ll^S.",. He be- 
gun practice at Smithfieid, Fayette county, in 
partnership with H. B. Mathicit, one of the oldest 
and most successful physicians of Fayette county. 
i)r. Lawheail remained at Smithlield, praeliced 

most successfully for two years when ho with 
Dr. Mathiot came to AVest Newton where they 
continueil in practice together for one year; 
their ))artnership was then dissolved, when Hr. 
Lawhcad entered into co-ijartliership with l->r. 
George M. Vandyke of ^Vest Newton. They 
are both young men of ability and by tlieir 
strict attention to business have succeedeil in 
building up a very lucrative practice. He is a 
republican and a member of the Odd Fellows 
Lodge at West Newton. 

Ur James H. Ijawhead is a son of Ashbel and 
]Mollie(Lee) Lawheail; the latter was a daughter 
of William Lee of Clarksburg, W. Ya. Ur. 
Lawhead's maternal grandfather, William Lee, 
was from near AVinehestor, \ a. 

Ur. Lawhead is one of the best-read young 
jiliysieians in the county and at West Newton 
his practice is becoming quite extensive and 
lucrati\ f. 

r^ON. ELI C. LEICHTY, a prominent 
11 citizen of West Newton, was born Feb- 
(*) ruary 11, 1822, in Ilempfield township, 
Westmoreland county, I'a., and is a son of 
Jacob and Salome (Leader) Leighty. His grand- 
father, John Leighty, was of German descent but 
a native of eastern Pennsylvania, and removed to 
Westmoreland county. Pa., where he liveil and 
died. In his cai'lier days he was a blacksmith 
but spent the latter [lortiou of his life in tilling the 
soil. He was a member id' the Gcriiian Re- 
formed chinch and soldier in the war of 1S12. 
His sons, ,lohn and Jacob, were his only oil'- 
spring. Michael Leader (maternal grandfather), 
alsi) of (ierman extraction, was a native of 
Franklin county. Pa., and came to Ilempfield 
townsliip, AVestmoreland county, Pa., where he 
lived on the farm adjoining that of John Leighty. 
Jacob Leighty (father) was a mitive of West- 
moreland county, Pa., a farmer by occupation, 
and died on the homestead farm in Ilempfield 
townshi]). lie was mai'ried to Salome Leader, 
and was the father of one eliibl : l']li (J. 


Eli C. Leiglity married ILinnali I:. Markle, 
and they have four chiUlren: Norman M., John 
M., Ada E. and Emma. Norman has been twice 
married, the first wile hein^ Sadie (jiianiiells. 
lie now lives witii his sec(jnd wife in St. Louis, 
Mo., where he is engaged in the express busi- 
ness. John M., who is a house and sign 
painter, married AUie Swem and resides at West 
Newton. Emma is the wife of II. A. Doughiss, 
of West Newton, wlio under Cleveland's admin- 
istration was appointed deputy collector of In- 
ternal Revenue. 

Eli 0. Leight}' was educated in the common 
schools of Westmoreland county, Pa., after 
which he embarked in the drug business, in 
which he has been continually engaged from 
184ri to the present time and for the last forty- 
one years he has occupied tlie same stand. In 
18G4 he engaged in the oil business in Venango 
county, Pa., where he drilled several wells, and 
owns at this time a large farm near Oil City. 
His business ventures have been very successful, 
and as a result he owns considerable property 
in the borough of West Newton. Mr. Leighiy 
is A member of the Methoilist church, in which 
he has held every office to which a layman is 
eligible and is now president of the board of 
trustees. In liSS4 he was a delegate to the 
(General Conference wliich met iu Philadelpliia. 
Mr. Vj. C. Leiglity has always been an active 
worker in the interests of the Democratic party 
ami has served his town as member of the 
CDiiMcil and the school board. In 187.S ho was 
elected to the Legislatuie of Pennsylvania, and 
served witli credit to himself and the county. 
He is a member of Milner Lodge, No. 287, 
A. Y. M., of Pittsburg, and also belongs to the 
West Newton Lodge, I. 0. 0. F. 

/p\R. MARTIN H. LUTZ, D. D. S. 

y^J Although the various professions are 

overcrowileil with ambitious young men 

who lack either the alality or some of the 

qualities essential to success, it is almost uni- 
versally conceded that " there is room at the 
top," and that is where we find Dr. M. H. 
Lutz, a skillful dental surgron of WcslXcwlon, 
who is a son of i)avid I', and Alctba .\. (Van 
Swearingen) Lutz, and was born May -i, 1857, 
in Kostraver township, Westmoreland county. 
Pa. His grandfather, George Lutz, was of Ger- 
man e.xtraction though a native of Fayette 
county. Pa., where he followed carpentry dur- 
ing the first portion of his life, but latterly en- 
gaged in farming. David P. Lutz (father) was 
born April 11, 1826, near Fayette City, Pa., 
and practiced dentistry for many years, but is 
now retired and lives on a farm near Fayette 
City. Besides this farm he also owns property 
in Fayette county, Pa., in Jeannette, Pa., and 
in the west. He married Althea A. ^'an 
Swearingen and to them were born seven chil- 
dren : Josephine, wife of E. Y. Beggs, of Clear- 
field, Pa.; George D., a graduate of the State 
Normal school at California, Pa., who served 
two years as superintendent ofschools at Kansas 
City, Mo., studied law at Uniontown, was ad- 
mitted to the bar and is now practicing law at 
Independence, Mo.; John F., who is engaged in 
' the mercantile business at Jeannette, Pa. ; 
I ]5essie, wife of R. M. ^Valdron, a veterinary 
I surgeon, of Greensburg, I'a.; David P.; Charles 
I S. and Martin 11, 

j George A^m Swearingen (maternal great- 
I grandfather) was born in Scotland, and during 
1 one of the wars concealed himself in a cask on 
board a ship bound for America and was safely 
landed in this country, wliich he never left. His 
son, George Van Swearingen (maternal grand- 
father), was born, lived and died near Union- 
town, Pa., and was a carpenter by trade 
though in his later years he fulloweil farm- 

Martin II. Lutz was educated in the public 
schools of West Newton, Pa., and engaged for 
one term in " teaching the young idea how 
to shoot." He entered the St. Louis Dental 


college in 1878, tlirough which he iiiiulc liis way 
by liis own clVorts. Heturiiiiig lioiiio, lio priu;- 
ticfil a t'ow yi'ais us liis fathor's partner, aftor 
wliich ho wont to I'ittsburg. In 188-t ho on- 
torod Phihulolphia Dental college from which 
he graduated in 1885, standing second in a 
class of lii'ty-eight. lie then opened an cilice 
in West Newton and began the practice of den- 
tistry" in that place, where he yet continues. Dr. 
Liitz has met with very llattering success in liis 
profession which has br'jught hiui fame, and 
fortune is ajready on the way. lie commenced 
on thirty dollars, made his way through two 
dental colleges and now owns considerable prop- 
erty in Independence, Mo., and in Jeannette, 
Pa. His achievements certainly prove that 
brains anil jnish are the open sesame to the 
avenues of success. Dr. Lutz, like his 
father and his grandfather, is an earnest, in- 
telligent democrat and is a member of the Pres- 
byterian church. 

fllEPAKD B. MAKKLE, JR., a well- 
known citizen of AVestmoreland county 
and jiroprielor of the " Pa]jer Mills " in 
ISewickley township, is a son of (ien. Cyrus P. 
and Sarah (Ijip])incott) Markle and was born at 
Mill (ir()V(', Sewickley towtisliip, Westmoreland 
county, Pa., iMay lo, 181 1. The founder of 
the Markle family in AVestnioreland county was 
John Chrisman Merklin (written in this country 
.Markh'l, "ho w.isbdiii at .\lsacoon llir Kliine 
about I (ITS. Ki'ligious Iroidiles drovi' liiiii (o 
Amsterdam, Holland, where he married Jemima, 
sister of Admiral ^Vcurtz and in 170^ immi- 
grated to Salem Springs, Berks county, Pa. He 
had nine children, of whom the youngest was 
(iaspar<l Markle, who was born in Berks county, 
in 17;i- and iiie<l in 18l',l. lie married I'^liza- 
beth Grim and in 177U removed to Westnmre- 
land county where his wife died. In 1770 he 
married Mary i!oail;u nicl and his oldst child by 
this marriage was (Jen. Joseph Markle (grand- 

father), who was born in South Huntingdon 
townsiii]), February 1"), 1777. Several of his 
near relatives served in lioth the war of the 
Revolution and that of ISlii. He ilat-boated 
Hour to New Orhsuis from il'M to 18IJ9, com- 
manded a company of cavalry under Gen. Har- 
rison in the war of 1812 and shortly afterwards 
was elected a major-general of the Pennsylvania 
militia. He was a presbyterian and a republi- 
can. He was twice married. His first wife 
was Elizabeth, daughter of Judge Jacob Painter, 
whom he married January 18, 1805. They had 
four children : Shepard B., Mrs. Mary E. 
Boyd, Elias R. and Gen. Cyrus P. His second 
wife was Elizabeth Lloyd, by whom he had 
twelve children, of whom six grew to man 
and womanhood : Lafayette, an editor ; Joseph, 
George W., Roxanna, Sidnie and Margaret. 
Gen. Cyrus P. Markle (father) was born in 
Sewicklcy township, April 18, 1810. He was 
largely engaged in the manufocture of paper 
and coke for many years. On May 5, 1835, he 
married Sarah Ann, daughter of James and 
Margaret Lippincott. She was born at Mount 
Pleasant June 12, 1814, and died November 26, 
1H()',). To (len. au<l Mrs. Markle were born 
ten children : Margaret \. and Mary E. (twins), 
born Januai'y 28, 18.''(i ; Joseph L., born No- 
vendier 7, 18:17; Jesse II., born January 8, 
18;i'.); Cassius C, born October ;'.|, ]K10; 
Shepard B., Jr., and Cyrus P. (twins), born 
May, 15, 1844 ; Mary Emily, born September 
7, 1810; Harriet C., born Srplcmber 28, 18-17'; 
Amanda, born July 20, 1.S50, and Winlield 
S., born February 14, 1852. Of these Mar- 
garet A., Cassius C, Shepard V>. Jr., Mary 
Emily and Harriet C. are living. Gen. Markle 
was a presbyterian and a republican. He served 
as general of the 13th Legion Pennsylvania 
Militia for many years. 

Shepard B. Markle, Jr., was seriously cri])- 
pled for life by a fall which happened when he 
was eighlecn months old. This fill, together 
with his physician's orders lo take continu(ju.s^ 



exercise, prevented his entering upon any ex- 
tenilcd course of St luly at seliool. At an early 
age he became his father's business manager and 
lia.s been cuffiff'd in acttive imsincss ever since. 
lie introdiiceil into Si!wii-i<K'y tuwnship ihc 
first rugistered Jersey cattle ever brought into 
Westmoreland county. He is successfully op- 
erating the steam paper-mill which was erected 
in 18:17 near the site of the frame paper-mill 
built in 1811 by Gen. Joseph Markle. 1'he 
latter was the third paper-mill erected west of 
the Allegheny mountains. 

On June 11, 1874, Mr. Markle united in 
marriage with Isabella, daughter of James P. 
and Jane K. (iloore) Carothers. Mrs. Markle 
was born in South Huntingdon township Octo- 
ber 18, 185-. She is the great-granddaughter 
of the Rev. James Power, a pioneer of Presby- 
terianism in western Pennsylvania. Mr. and 
Mrs. Markle have five children: Sarah A., 
Jane C, Maggie M., Mary E. and Cyrus Painter. 

In politics Mr. Markle is a republican. He 
devotes his time at present to the management 
of his farm and paper-mill. 

^jpOIIN MILLIRON, an industrious citizen 

J of West Newton and a lately established 
merchant of Ilostraver township, was born 
at New Stanton, Westmoreland county. Pa., 
September 18, 1858, and is a son of Daniel and 
Catherine (Cole) Milliron. Ilis paternal grand- 
father, John Milliron, was a resident of Stanton 
for many years. He was a blacksmitii by occu- 
pation, a republican in politics and a lutheran 
in religious faith. His father, Daniel Milliron, 
who was born in 1831, lives in Sewickley town- 
ship, this county. He is a shoemaker by trade, 
a stanch republican and a member of the Ger- 
man Reformed church. In 180;) he enlisted in 
the si.\ty-second reg.. Pa. Vols., served two and 
one-half years in the Army of the Potomac and 
was wounded in one of the battles of tlie Wilder- 
ness. In 1804 he married Catherine Cole, by 

whom he had seven children. Her father, 
George Colo, resided until late in lil'e near Mt. 
Pleasant. He moved to Irwin when well ad- 
vanced in years and in a slioit lime tlicicul'icr 
niigi-alcd to Ohio where iu- died Apid, iMMtJ, 
soon after his arrival. He was a rej)ublicaii and 
a member of the M. E. chnrch. 

John Milliron received a moderate education 
in the common schools of Mill Grove in Sewick- 
ley township, and learned the trade of shoemaker 
with his fiUher. He worked at his traile and 
diflerent kinds of labor until 1880, when he re- 
moved to West Newton and followed his trade 
for eight years. In the spring of 1888 he 
entered into the mercantile business and opened 
a store in Ilostraver township, just across the 
Youghiogheny river from West Newton. He 
is now successfully operating both his store and 
shoe shop. He owns his store building besides 
his residence and a valuable lot in West Newton. 
Mr. Milliron is one who has never been idle 
and owes his prosperity to his own unaided but 
persistent efforts. He is a republican who gives 
his party a hearty support, and is a member of 
the Junior Order of United American Mechanics. 

John Milliron was married on November 27, 
1879, to Emma Burkhart, daughter of Albert 
Burkhart of Mill Grove. To their union has 
been born one child, a daughter, who is named 
Mamie Pearl Milliron. 


soldier in the late great civil war and 
the proprietor of one of the leading 
livery establishments of West Newton, was born 
in county Down, Ireland, May 28, 1845, and is 
a son of John and Mary (Spratt) Moreland. 
His paternal grandfather, John Moreland, Sr., 
was a farmer in Ireland, where he lived and 
died. His father, John Moreland, was born in 
1800 and died in 1884. He was a strict pres- 
byterian, a farmer by occupation and never left 
his native island. He married Mary Spratt, 


whose fatlicr was a well-to-do fanner. Unto 
Jdliii nnil Mary Moii^laiiil wi-i-o Imhu ten cliil- 
(Irc'U : William, .loliii, Koljcrt, Joseph, James 
(dead), Alexander, James A., Mary, Annie and 
Eliza, or these ehildren William, .Joseph, ,lolin 
and Alexander came to America. Joseph served 
in the Fourth I'a. Cavalry in the late war, was 
captured at Waterloo in 18G-] and was held 
prisoner at Andersonville until the war eloseii. 

Alexander Moreland received his education in 
the schot)ls of Ireland and immigrated to the 
United States in 1S60. During that year he 
worked in IJutler county, Pa., and in the suc- 
ceeding year (18G1) he enlisted in Co. D, elev- 
enth Pa. Ueserve Infantry. He participated in 
the battles of Bull llun, Antietam, Fredericks- 
burg, Seven Days Fight and the Wilderness, 
and was honorably discharged at Pittsburg, Pa., 
June 13, 18G4. He was shot through the leg 
at Fredericksburg and was unable for duty for 
thirteen weeks. At Gaines' Mill, September 
•27, 18G2, he was captureil by the Confederates 
and placed in " Libby Prison," an here he re- 
mained for three months and twenty-seven days 
before he was exchanged. He was then sent to 
parole camp at Annapolis, Mil., and rejoined his 
regiment in March, iSG'i. After the war closed 
Mr. Moreland engagiil with Price, Walker & 
(Jo., of i'illsbiirg, i'a,, in the glass business and 
remained wilh llicm lor nine years. lie ihen 
visited the island home of his childhood. Alur 
one year spent in Ireland he returned to Penn- 
sylvania and srr\(ii for eleven years as su|)erin- 
tendent of C. It. Armstrong's coal works. On 
April 1, 188'J, Mr. Moreland removed to West 
Newton and embarked in the livery business. 
He has a large and conveniently arranged livery, 
sales and feed stable. He has a large and fine 
selected stock of horses, keeps excellent buggies 
and carriages and is rapidly building an exten- 
sive and paying trade. 

H(! married INfargaret Moore, a daughter of 
John Moore, wIkj was a contractor of Pittsburg, 
Pa. She died, and on March 13, 18TG, Mr. 

Moreland united in marriage with Maggie 
Latlimore, daughter of .lohn I/attimore, a Se- 
wickley township farmer, and sister to Koiiert 
jyattiniore, a coal dealer of West Newton. J5y 
his second marriage he has one child : John L., 
born March ir>, 1877. 

Alexander Moreland is a republican. He and 
his wife arc members of the Presbyterian church. 
He is an intelligent and useful citizen and is a 
prominent member of the Grand Army of the 


|-^EONARD N AH All, an industrious citi- 
■^' r zen, a skilled and successful tradesman 
and a ]irominent Odd Fellow of West 
Newton, is a son of John M. and Saloma (Zim- 
merman) Nabar, and was born in Germany, 
July 2;'), 1850. John M. Nahar was descended 
from a family which traced its ancestry away 
back into the early settlement of Germany. 
He was a blacksmith by occupation and served 
three years as a soldier in the •' King's Guards." 
In 18.f)l he came to Philadelphia, this State, 
and Nvorked in that city and various ]daces 
throughout southeastern Pennsylvania for nearly 
two years. In 1853 he was joined by his wife 
and children, who came over from Germany in 
that year. He immediately removed with his 
i'amily to Westmiirelalid county and located at 
West Newton, where he was employed on journey 
work during the remainder of his life. He died 
Novendier '.•, 18811, and was buried in West 
Newton cemetery. He was a democrat and 
had served as councilman of his borough. Ho 
was an Odd Fellow and a member of the 
Lutheran church, in which he had held the 
offices of deacon and elder. He stood high in 
his community on account of his honesty and 
strict regard for truth and won the regard and 
good opinion of all wdio became acquainted with 
him. He was married to Zaloma Zimmerman, 
bv whom he had twelve children, of whom five 
are dead. Mrs. Nahar is a worthy member of 


tlie Lutheran church and still resides at West 

Leonai'd N;iliar attended school in Sewickle}' 
townsiiip, tliis county, after his ])arents came to 
Westmoreland county. liCavin;^ school he made 
choice of and learned the trade of blacksmith. 
In 1875 he removed to West Newton, where he 
engaged in hlacksmithing and has continued 
ever since in that line of business. 

On April IS, 187-, he was married to Mary 
Eudora IJeeler, a daughter of William and 
Harriet Becler, of Webster, tiiis county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Nahar have seven children : William 
M., boin February 2.'>, 187:i; Leonard W., 
boiii .Jidy 4, I87rj; 1 latlic (i ,, born Sfptrmber 
8, 1878; Charhvs C, born .Iiuie 17, 1880; 
John j\L, born January l.">, l88.'i; Alvey B., 
born September lo, 1885 ; and Saloina, born 
November 20, 1888. 

Leonard Nahar is a democrat in polities and 
ha.s been a member of the borough council for 
the last three years. He has acquired consider- 
able means by honest labor and good manage- 
ment and owns a nice property in the borough. 
lie is a member of and has passed all the chairs 
in West Newton Lodge, No. 440, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He is a Royal Purple 
Degree encampment member of the same order 
and belongs to West Newton Encampment, No. 
275, of the jurisdiction of Pennsylvania. 

•|'OIIN NEW^L\N, a substantial citizen and 
f one ot West Newton's successful business 
QJ men, is a son of Henry and Maggie (Lejial) 
Newman and was born in Germany, June 27, 
1842. His granilparents on both sides of his 
liouse were natives and life-long residents of the 
" Fatlierland." His father, Henry Newman, 
was born in 18l)7. He was reared to farming 
but soon turneil his attention to the taihn- trade 
wliicli be learned and followed for several years. 
Ileniiirried iMaggie Hcpal,wb(i w.-isboni in 1808; 
and ihry inunigralcd In lliis coiiiiliy in IS.'iS. 

They had five children, all of whom were born in 
Germany: Catharine, Gertruile, Elizabeth, John, 
and Casper. Catharine nnirried John Strach, 
and they have two cliildr-en ; (icrtru<le was mar- 
ried to Casper Dral and had si.\ children; 
Elizabeth became the wife of Casper Uecken- 
baugh and they had eight children ; John ; and 
Casper wedded Annie Bosswell who bore him five 
children. Henry Newman and his twin brother 
are both living and are now eighty-three years 
of age and enjoying remarkably good health. 

John Newman received his education in the 
schools of Germany and learned the trade of 
butchering before leaving his native soil to ac- 
company his parents to the United States. He 
was for some time at Uoehester, Pa., then re- 
moved to New Brighton and from there went to 
Pittsburg where he worked for several years. 
After his marriage he settleil nt Buena Arista, 
Westmoreland county, Pa., but shortly afterward 
removed to Shaner station. In 18tJ8 he came 
to West Newton and has lived there ever since. 

He was married November IG, 1864, to Eliza- 
beth Amsler whose parents live in Switzerland. 
Mr. and Mrs. Newman have ten children: Henry, 
who married Fannie Mallory, December 28, 
1887, and resides at West Newton ; Mollie, Ida, 
Lizzie, Sadie, Alexander, John, Matilda, Cecelia 
and Elva. 

John Newman has always been successful as 
a butcher and owns considerable ])roperty at 
West Newton. He has been a democrat ever 
since coming to this country. Ho is a devoted 
member of the Evangelical Lutheran church at 
West Newton, Pa., in which he has held the 
ofhces of deacon and elder. He is the worthy 
descendant of a sturdy, honorable and industrious 
race and has been successful in his various busi- 
ness ventures. 

•]|'OHN OBLEY is a son of Timothy and 

J Elizabeth (Eisic) Obley, ami was born 
Deccndier 2.'i, 1811t, in the Kingdom of 
Wurlendn'rg, Empire (if (Jermuny. Adam ImsIc, 



his iiiateriKil liiumlliitliur, a iiutive of (Ifiiiiaiiy, 
was a tailor \i\ iraiio ami caiin.' to ;ui iiuliiiioly 
t'liil ill Ins iiati\L' land 1j_v ilrowiiiiii;. 

.Iiilni Olilcy i i;.'ral(Ml In AiiKTica in tlic fall 

of ISKJaliil scUlfil 111 \\\'Sl Newton, Wcstinorc- 
lanii comity, I'a., IJoth in the " Fatlicilaiid " 
and West Newton he was engaged in tailoring, 
whicli he continued until ISlil wliei\ tlie civil 
war began, lie then volunteered his services for 
the suppression of the Rebellion and entered 
Co. F, 12th Pa. reserves and served until Feb- 
ruary, 18(j;J, wdien he wivs mustered out of the 
service, lie took jiart in the battle of Second 
Hull Kun where he was taken prisoner and car- 
ried to Hay market. Having been detained for 
some time as a prisoner of war he is conseiiuently 
able to speak intelligently of the horrors of war 
both in the held and the dungeon. Mr. C)l)Iey is 
a republican and has served as nieuiber of the 
borough council. He iias by diligence and fru- 
gality accumulated considerable property in \Vest 

John Obley married twice ; his first wife was 
Adaline Price of Marylantl. They had three 
children : Benjamin, Mary A. and Charles \\ . 
Benjamin is married to Susan Eisle and lives in 
\Vest Newton, where he lias a confection and 
notion store. Mary .\. was iiuirried to I'Vaneis 
ludand ^\iio lived in West Newton, but was 
killed in the mines near there in ll^ST. Charles 
W., who is a painter, married Catherine Eisle 
and lives in the borough of West Newton. John 
()bb'v's second wife was Sailio Darr wiin has 
borne him two children : Ivlward and May. 

'ENllY A. OliLEY, one of the leading 
' ■ citizens and intelligent men of the county 
was born May 11, 1854, in West Newton, 
A\'<'stinorehind county. Pa., and is a son of 
Frederick and Su>aiiiia (I'cteis) Obley. His 
grandfather, Timotliy Oldey, was born January 
I'd, 17'J8, in Wurteinburg, Germany, and iiniiii- 
grated to the United States in 1840, locating at 

West Newton, Pa., where he lived until his 
death. Before coming to Anieiiea he married 
Elizalieth Eisle who bore him two ilaiighters and 
three sons, (d' whom two (the daughters) arc 
dead. 'riiiiolliy Obley enlisted in the iwiny id" 
Wurtemberg on the ]8tli day of June, 1814, and 
was in actual military service until July 18, 
18'21, and was under obligation to servo an ad- 
ditional year if circumstances demanded it. II. 
A. Obley's grandfather (Peters) was of German 
descent though a native of Westmoreland county. 
Pa. lie was a farmer and resiiled near Irwin, 
Pa., wdiere he died. Frederick Obley (father) 
was born in Germany August 7, 1824, and 
came to America with his father. By trade he 
was a plasterer and mason and this business he 
continued to follow through life. In 1802 he 
enlisted in Co. F, eleventh reg. Pa. Vols., and 
served till the close of the war. At the battle 
of the Wilderness he was struck and wounded by 
a portion of a shell. He eonlraeted diseases in 
the services that caused his death, which oc- 
curred at West Newton in IMarcli^ 18N2. Be- 
sides that of the Wilderness he was engaged in 
other fierce and bloody battles, among which was 
Bull Run. Mr. Obley was a democrat from his 
tirst to his last vote, and a memlier of the 
ehureli of God at West Newton, in which he 
was at the time of his death an elder and repre- 
sentative elect to the general assembly. He was 
an earnest member of the I. 0. O. F., which 
order conducted his furneral services. He mar- 
ried Susanna Peters and they had three sons and 
four daughters, all of whom are living except one 

Henry A. Obley married Sadie C, a dau"li- 
ter of Adam Kamerer, who now resides at 
Mclveesport, Allegheny county. Pa. The cere- 
mony was performed September lU, 1878, and 
the iniion has been blessed by the birth of four 
children: Silvia 1']., .May Etta (dead), Madge 
Alta and Omer L. 

H. A. Obley attended the iiublie schools of 
West Newton and then learned the dru'f busi- 



11C.-.S witli A Mr. Tii'l^'lity <it" till' suiiu' jilacc. In 
lSS-_' l,c .)|i<-iiril a iliii:.^ slm,' ami lamirlnMl iiilo 
tlic wiilo liiiviiicHS \V(iilil as tlic pilut nl' his iiwii 
banjiic. lie is •^till in liic same imsincss ami 
lias siR-ccoileil in liuililini: up an cxcclK'nt trailc. 
In politics Mr. Olilcy is an iinccinirironiising 
donioerat ami is one of the ninst arlivc workers 
in lii.s party. He is a nienilier of tlie school 
board, a trustee of the West Neutmi cemetery 
ami a consistent member of the clnireh of God, 
in which he is a deacon. Ho is also a member 
of the I. 0. 0. F. and Royal Arcanum. We 
need bestow no eulogy upon Mr. (Jbley ; his life 
and cliaracter speak in hnider tones and more 
effectively than words. 

W. ORR, a prominent dentist of West 
Newton, was born May 18, 1844, in 
Rostraver twp., Westmoreland county. 
Pa., and belongs to one of the oldest families in 
the county. His great-grandfather, William 
Urr, a native of Scotland, crossed tlie Irish sea, 
took unto liimself a wife in Ireland and immi- 
grated to the United States and settled in rcnn- 
sylvaiiia east of the mountains. Prior to ITIlO 
ho crossed the Alleglienics and settled in Ros- 
traver township, this county, and jiurcliased a 
large tract of land lui wliich he lesiilrd until his 
death. He was a member of tile Covenant 
church, in which he was an elder, and was the 
father of five children : John, Charles, Eiibella, 
.lean ami I'lleaimr. John Urr (gi aiidf itlici') was 
born east of the iiioiiiit.iiiis and came witli his 
father to Rostraver township where he married 
Margaret Wilson who bore him twelve children. 
l)iiring the whole' of his life hi' was a tiller of 
the soil and died on the old homestead in ISI:). 
William Orr (father) was born at the old home- 
stead January 8, ITSHi, and died in 187.'>. He 
was a whig and republican. He also was a 
farmer and was a member of the First United 
I're.sbyteriaii eliuich organized at West Ni'Wtoii. 
His wife was Julia ^Anii IJowe-n, whose father 

died iliiriiig her ebiblliood near b'redeiicksbiirg, 
Va., wlieie he owned a small planlaliiui. Slio 
Iku'c him nine eliililreii, four of whom are liviii": 
llariicl, James 1'., .Viidiew W. .and Mary 1. 
Ilaiiiet was married l'\biiiary 1^, iMil, to 
Roberts. I'atterson ; they have three children : 
'riiouias Ci., Hattie J. and Andrew .1. They are 
living on the old homestead in Rostraver town- 
sbiji. James V. Orr was born March 1, 1839. 
lie enlisted in the fifteenth Pa. Cav. August 22, 
18G2, and served until the close of the war of 
the Rebellion ; took part in a number of battles, 
chief among which were Stone River and Cliat- 
anooga. After the close of the war he read 
medicine with I'r. Ilasson, of \Vest Newton, 
and graduated from the University of jMichii'an, 
at Ann Arbor. He located at West Bethany, 
Westmoreland county, Pa., and was married in 
j 1878 to Christian Suter, daughter of John Suter. 
He I'emoved in 1883 to New Cumberland, Cum- 
berland county, Pa., and located in Pittsburg in 
1887, where he is now practicing. They have 
three children : Eunice, Urban and iMerl. 

A. W. Orr was educated in the public schools, 
took a course in the rudiments of dentistry with 
David P. \,\\V/. of Rostraver township, and iu 
lS(i(! began the practice of his profession at 
McKeesport, Allegheny county. Pa. In 1879 
he loeateil at JelVerson, (Jreeii county, I'a., re- 
movt'd from there to West Newlon in 1874, 
where he has practiced ever since. He is a 
Mason and Knight Templar, a member of Ked- 
roii Commaiideiy, No. 18, located at O'reeiis- 
biiig. i'a., also a member of lioyal Arcanum. 
He was twice the representative of his council 
at the Grand Council, once at Harrisburg and 
once at Lancaster, Pa. 

On May 18, 187(>, he was married to F. 
Josephine, daughter of Rev. Hiram Winnett 
(now deceased), a Methodist minister. They 
have four children : 11. Winnett, Ira D., Ralph 
W. and Julia C. 

Mary I. Orr at jircsent is making her homo 
with her sister at the old liomostead. 

l^ . 


*j[*AMKS J. PATTKltSON, ox-postiiiastcr of 
t' West Newton, and one ul' the most trusted 
(^ cili/rriH .-iiicl lii;;lily ii^spcctcd Imsiness iiii^ii 
111' iIkiI |iliicc, was lioni ill kiLslnivci- liiwiislil|i, 
WcsHuoicImihI coiinly, I'ii., .Iiilj li',1, IH-JI, and 
is a son of John 11. and JNIaiy (Orr) J'atterson. 
His great grand-father, liobert Patterson, was 
of Scoteii-lrish descent, immigrated with his 
wife to America and settled before 1765 at 
" (_'hestnut Level," Lancaster county, Pa. One 
of his sons, Robert Patterson (grandfather), was 
born on the Atlantic ocean on board the vessel 
which brought his parents to this country. He 
immigrated when well u]) in years from Lancas- 
ter to Westmoreland county and settled in Ros- 
traver township on a large tract of land which 
he owned until his death. He was a democrat 
in political opinion. Of his sons one \Nas John 
II. Patterson (father) who was born in Lancas- 
ter county. Pa., and aeconi]ianicd his fatiier to 
Rostraver when a young man. He was a [iromi- 
nent man in his community, an earnest member 
of the Betiiesda and AVcst Newton I'nited Pres- 
byterian churches, in whii:h he always led the 
singing, and died May 1, 18(J8, aged ninety- 
four years. He was a democrat until the late 
war when he became a republican and remained 
a member of that jiarty until his death. He 
served as overseer of the poor for sevei'al years 
besides holding other township oflices. He mar- 
ried ^lary Urr, daughter of John Orr, of Ros- 
traver, by whom lie bad eight children, of whom 
li\e ari' living : Mrs. Margaret W. Cam])bell, 
Manila Patterson, Ann Jane I'dughis, James J. 
and John 0. Patterson, M. 1). 

James J. Patterson was reared on a farm and 
received his education in the rural schools of 
that day. He was engaged in tilling bis farm 
in Rostraver township until llSLiT when he re- 
moved to West Newton. On April 14, l«i;i», 
he was commissioned postmaster id' tliat place, 
serveil for eight years and three months and 
tlicn resigned to embark in liie drug business, 
•which he followed for several years. In 1887 

he engaged in the grocery business which he still 

Oh June 'JlJ, 18 17, hi^ was married to Lima 
I'llliull, a liaiiglilei' uf Jiibii f'dliolt, (d' b'ayetio 
county, I'm., who served in tluMvar ol' I8I'2. 

James J. Patterson is a pronounced rejiuljli- 
can, has formerly taken rather an active part in 
politics and yet takes a dee[) interest in the suc- 
cess of the jiolitical principles which he advo- 
cates. He served his native town by acting si.x 
years as councilman. He is a member of the 
West Newton United Presbyterian church, of 
whose board of trustees he has served as chair- 
man for many years. Mr. Patterson has ac- 
quired good property, stands well with all who 
know him and has made himself worthy of com- 

/^AVIl) FRANKLIN ROSEN, a resident 
t J "jI ^Vest Newton and one of the success- 
ful jewelers of that place, is a son of Jon- 
athan and Catherine (Funk) Rosen and was born 
in East Huntingdon township, Westmoreland 
county. Pa., September ^, 1855. His grand- 
father, Jacob Rosen, was a native of eastern 
Pennsylvania azid emigrated to the above- 
named township, where he followed farming for 
many years before bis death. His father, Jon- 
athan Rosen, was born in his father's eastern 
I'ennsylyania home. At an early age he came 
west to East Huntingdon townshi]) where he 
still resides. He has made farming the business 
of his life, is a republican in politics and an in- 
lluential member of the church of God. He 
married Catherine Funk and they had seven 
children, of whom two are dead. Mrs. Rosen's 
father, Christian Funk, was born in 1798 in 
Rerks county. Pa. He came to East Hunting- 
don, but soon removed to Mount Pleasant town- 
ship, where he died in 1884. He was a repub- 
lican, a member of the Mennonite church and 
married a Miss Sherriek, by whom he had four 


Daviil F. Koscii ri'L-oivod liis eiliicatioii in tlie 
coimnoii scliools anil Mount l'lu;is:int :ic!i(lc;iiiy. 
At eigliteen ywirs of age lie engaged in teach- 
ing. After teacliing tlircc terms of scIkkiI Ik; 
became bookkeeper f<ir l''(ix, K'clVer ^^ Co., at 
"Jacob's Creek." He was willi them eighteen 
months, then entered the employ of .1. Shupe & 
Son of the same ])lace, and remained as a clerk 
■with the latter firm for five years. In 1883 he 
embarked in the mercantile business at Port 
Royal, but sold his store and engaged with R. 
L. Stuft't, a jeweler of Scottdale, and remained 
with him for two years. He then came to West 
Newton and engaged in his present jewelry 

September 9, 1875, D. F. Rosen united in 
marriage with Loraine McClaine, daughter of 
John J. and Rritta (Armstrong) MeChiine, of 
" Jacob's Creek," this county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rosen have three children: Lulu, born Decem- 
ber, 1876; Charley, born April 28, 1878, and 
Maude, born August IG, 1884. 

David F. Rosen devotes his time principally 
to the jewelry business. lie keeps a large and 
well-chosen stock of gold and silver watches, 
solid and plated silverware and everything in 
the jewelry line. He has a good trade (or 
the .short time he Inn l)een in the jewelry 
business. Mr. Rosen is a rejiubliean and a 
niember of the Jr. ()rd(rr of United American 

el.AKKNCK W. S.\NI)|:KS, of West 
Newton, is a son of John and Mary 
(Johnston) Sanders, and was born No- 
veiiiber IH, IH.',,'-;, in Hancock coiinly, W. \'a. 
I'aiiiel Sanders, his grandfal her, was of liisii 
extraction, but livetl and died in llancijck 
county, W. Va., where he followed agricultural 
pursuits. Samuel Johnston, maternal grand- 
father, was a resident of Washingtcjn county, 
Ra., where he died. He, too, was a husband- 
man and like l)ani<'l Sanders was a believer in 

tiie principles of the Democratic party. John 
Sanders (father) was born in Hancock county, 
\V. Va., about the year 18^8 and died tiiiie in 
187(1. He was a .-tciek dealer but confined 
his attention largely to buying and selling 
horses. He married Mary Johnston and they 
had one child, Clarence W. 

Clarence W. Sanders was married June 30, 
1880, to I\Iary, a daughter of John A. Steele, 
of Wcllsville, Columbiana county, Ohio, and 
they have one child, Delia, born SeptenJjer 8, 

C. W. Sanders attended the common schools 
of West Virginia, but his advantages for obtain- 
ing an education were limited. He has, how- 
ever, acquired a practical education by contact 
with the world, which is of more value to him 
than a fine classical one is to many of the young 
men of our country. His father having died 
when he was young he was placed among 
strangers to be brought up. He lived with Mr. 
Scott until si.xteen years of age, when he went 
to work for his uncle, John Anderson. After 
one year witii him he went to Harrison couniy, 
Ohio, and learned the tinsmith trade and then 
went to Columbiana county, Ohio, where he 
married. Shortly afterwards he removed to 
West Newton (in 18S1), where he set \i\> in the 
tinsmith business, after working about three 
years for J. M. Schroyer at the same trade. 
Mr. Sanders has succeeded in building up a g0( d 
business and commands the respect of all good 
people in his locality. I'olitically he is a repub- 
lican and has .served as boroui^h audiliu'. IhiIU 
he and his wife are useful mcndjers of the M. 
E. church, in which he has held the position 
of church steward. 

'I* ACOH SCHOAF. an enterjirising business 
f man of West Newton, was born November 
2y -4, ISIO, in Wurtemberg, Germany, and is 
a son of Conrad and Louise (Islie) Schoaf. Con- 
rad Schoaf was a shoemaker and farmer and 

312'lIIliS OF 

(lit'il ill (IcriiKiiiy ill llS'iG. His wii'o ilicil in i 
LS;i;t. Jaoili Sc-IkmI' \v:is cdiicaU-il in tlio ci)U\- j 
moll schools ol' (ieriiuiiiy, his " f'athcrhmil," ami 
oaiiic to tlio Unitt'il States in 18-lS, sutlliiig in 
Wost Nowton, Wusluiorehuid county, I'a. iViU^r 
liis iiiania^c lie worked for a lime in a stone 
i|Uiiirv, thi'ii lour years as a common laliorcr for | 
Jacob liaughman, after whicii he went into a 
tannery, where lie worked for twenty years. In 
187''jhe|)urcliasedtlie foundry belonging to a Mr. 
Downs, and since that time has been engaged in 
the foundry business. lie Las been quite suc- 
cessful and his manufacturing establishment has 
an e.Ncellent trade. Besides the foundry he 
owns other valuable pro])erty in West Newton, 
including several residences. His industry and 
thrift have lifted liini to an honorable height in 
the business field, while his strict hinior and 
agreeable nature have gained for him an envia- 
ble position in the social world. He is a repub- 
lican and has served as a member of the borough 
Council, liutli he and his wife belong to the 
church of (Jod, in which Mr. Sclioaf is an 

Jacob Schoaf married Lena Sively, of South 
Huntingdon township, Westmoreland county. 
Pa., on the 'Jtli day of xVugust, 1849. They 
liave five children living : Elizabeth, now wife 
(jf James King, a foundry man of AVashington 
county, I'a.; ,)olin \V.. a hardware merchant of 
Mrlvcesport, Allegheny county, Pa.; Frederick, 
who is married to Agnes Williet, who lives in 
^Vest New ton, where he is engaged in the 
fouiidiy business; Lena, wife of Ciiiistian 
(leliring, a leamster uf West Newton, and 

The Sclioafs, like all the better class of Ger- 
mans who imijiigratu to tliis country, are among 
the best citizen.s of the land. Sober, hard 
working and industrious they attend strictly to 
tlieir own all'airs, improve anil benefit the com- 
munity in wliicli they live and set an example 
which tiie present and future generations may 
follow with inestimable udvaiitajre. 

ILLAKl) F. SCROLL was born Jan- 
mf iKiry 17, ISf)!), ill South Huntingdon 
♦ townshiji, Westmoreland county. Pa., 
and is a son of (.'hristian and Alice A. (Miller) 
SclioU. 1 1 is great-greal-giandfatiier was a na- 
tive of (leiniany and immigrated to America 
in the latter part of the sixteenth or first part 
of the seventeenth century, settling in \\v- 
ginia, and his great-grandfather afterward re- 
moved to ISethlehem, Pa., where he died. 
Charles SclioU (grandfather) was born in Beth- 
lehem, Pa., and in 17'.)7 emigrated to Roch- 
ester, N. Y., where he built two grist mills. 
In 1800 he fashioned a rude canoe out of a 
tree trunk, which was trough-like, and in 
which he journeyed down the Allegheny river 
to Pittsburg, Pa., and tlieiice on the Monon- 
gahcla river and the Sewickley creek to \Vest- 
nioreland county, where he built a grist mill 
on wdiat was called the Jacoli Markle farm in 
South Huntingdon township, where he mar- 
ried Susan Markle who was a sister of Gen. 
Joseph Markle, and who b(jre him nine child- 
ren. About 1817 he removed to what is now 
known as the ScluiU farm in South Hunting- 
don township, same county, and in 1818 built 
the stone house which burned down January 
8, 18o4. In 1801 he built Lobingier's mill 
at LaiirelviUe, Westmoreland county. Pa. Dur- 
ing the war of 1812 he served in Gen. Josc]ih 
Markle's company and took part in various 
battles. Christian SclioU (father) was born 
Heeeiiiber 1 1*, 1.814, in South Huntingdon 
tii\Mi>hip, on the old Joseph Markle property, 
and the house in Avliieh he was born is still 
Standing. He is a farmer and still lives on the 
old homefann. lie is a republican and a mem- 
ber of the United Presbyterian church. He is 
the father of three daughters, two of Avhom died 
in their infancy and four sons — one of whom 
died when about fourteen years old, and two 
of whom are farmers; Benjaiuin Miller (mater- 
nal grandfather), a native of South Huntingdon 
township, this county, was by trade a shoemaker 


and ii coiisistt'iit iiicinber of tlic United I'risliy- 
teriiUi cliiircli. 

Millard l'\ Sclioll received a coiniiion selioul 
education and began to learn tlie carpenter tiade 
in lbli8 at Irwin, I'a., ten years later lie went to 
West Newton, Pa., where ho engaged in the 
planing mill and liiniher business and is also a 
contractor and builder. 1 lis business is extensive 
and his success well deserved. He is a rejiubli- 
can, takes an active part in political matters and 
has held the oflice of councilman in his borough. 

Millard F. Scholl married, October 10, 1870, 
Ruth A. Carothers, a native of Fayette county, 
near Fairchance, who was born July 13, 1854, 
and who has borne him seven children : Cyrus 
C, Mary M., John U., James C, Jasper T., 
Joseph F., and .Vlice ^V. 

•fAMES M. SCIIROYI<:il was born July 
'l' o, 1835, in Masontowii, Fayette county, 
<2/ I'a., and is a son of William and 'i'eniper- 
ancc (Renshaw) Schroyer. His grandiather, 
Tliomas Schroyer, was of German descent, a na- 
tive of eastern Pennsylvania, and removed to 
Fayette county. Pa., where he died. He was a 
cabinetmaker by occupation, an (jld-line whig 
and later a republican. His political party was 
always favored with his zealous ellbrts, as was 
his chosen church, the Cundjerland Presbyterian, 
in which he was prominent and held the ollices of 
trustee, elder, etc. William Schroyer (father) 

wa> JMirii ill I'^ivetle eniiiily, I'.i,, and canird nil i 
llie liu> ol' cahiliclliiaUilig and iilidcrlakilig 
at Masontown in that county. He was a whig 
and republican and during Grant's administra- 
tion was government storekeeper in the Internal 
Revenue service. He also served several terms 
as postmaster at Masonlown, Pa. He married 
Temperance Kensliaw and to their union were 
born seven children, si.\ of whom are living. 
James Renshaw (maternal grandfather) was born 
in Maryland of Scotch-Irish parents, and re- 
moved to Fayette county. Pa., near McClelland- 

town, more than eighty years ago, where he fol- 
lowed farming and cattle raising. 

James M. Schroyer married Catharine How- 
ard, whoso mother's maiden name was Sarah 
Gaut, in JMareh 1851), who bore him three child- 
ren, two of whom are living : Charles 0., mar- 
ried to Catharine Walker and living at Dawson, 
Pa., and Frank C, a merchant. Catharine 
Schroyer (nee Howard) died February 5, 18G2, 
and Mr. Schroyer married again, his second 
wife being Catharine, widow of Solomon G. 
Wiffle, whose maiden name was Ralsinger. 
They have had eight children : Angle (dead), 
Maggie, Lena B., Myrtle, Oscar Lindsey, Wil- 
liam Grant, James Corbley and Ira Raymond. 
Maggie is a milliner and Lena 1!. a teacher 
and dressmaker at West Newton. 

James M. Schroyer was educated in the public 
schools and then learned the business of under- 
taking and cabinetniaking. He liist located at 
Mt. Morris, Green county. Pa., but latei inok a 
trip to Kansas looking for a new location, but 
finding none to suit him he returned to West 
Newton in 1878, where he has since continued 
to conduct his liusiness. He is an ardent re- 
publican and an active worker in his )>arty. C)ne 
term he served as justice of the peace in Greene 
county. Pa., ami in 1886 was elected to the same 
responsible oilice in the boroiiL'h of West New- 
ton, Pa. He was burgess of \Ve.-,t Newton in 
1880, Mr. Schroyer is a member of the A. 0. 
U. W., and is one of the enterprising citizens 
ol' the county. 

EORGE M. A^\NDYKE, M, 1)., a lead- 
ing young physician of West Newton, 
was born in AVashington county. Pa., ten 
miles south of Washington, and is a son of 
lames 11. and Mary (Thoiiias) A'andyke. James 
B. A^mdyke, who is of (ierman descent, was 
born in 1831, and is a native of Washington 
county, where he was reared on a farm. Hoi'e- 
ccived his education at Washington and .Jeft'eison 



colloj^c and at Oberlin college, Obeiliii, ( ). Dur- 
ing the jiast seven yeiirs he lias been i^ngaged in 
the mercantile business at California, Pa., and 
was fur many years a leading and iidluential 
nieiiiber nf ibe \. O, O. 1''. ,),,lin 'I'bdinas (ma- 
ternal grandlalhei-) was a native.' of W'ak's, but 
crossed the Atlantic to the "new world" and 
settled near ^lorgantown, Va., (now W. Va.), 
in the " Forks of Cheat." Mr. Thomas was an 
itinerant preacher and labored zealously in the in- 
terests of the ]ja|)tist, his chosen denomination. 
Dr. G. J\[. Vandyke received his rudimen- 
tary education in the public schools and af- 
terwards attended California State Normal 
school, from which he graduated in the class of 
1878. During part of this time and afterwards 
he engaged in the profession of teaching, re- 
maining in the pedagogic ranks nine years in 
all. In the latter part of his teaching life he 
read medicine at intervals, beginning his read- 
ing with Dr. iMathiot of West Newton. lie at- 
tended medical lectures at Jeflerson Medical 
college, Philadelphia, graduating therefrom in 
1888. lie began practice at West Newton as a 
partner of Dr. II. B. IMathiot and Dr. J. II. 
Lawhead. After an existence of seven months 
this partnership was dissolved, Dr. Mathiot re- 
tiring and going back to Fayette county. Since 
that time Drs. Vandyke and Lawhead have con- 
tinued as partners at West Newton, where they 
Lave already built up a large and desirable 
practice, both being recognized as able, skillful 
and progressive members of their profession. 
Dr. Vandyke is a member of the ^Westmoreland 
Medical Society and takes an active interest in 
its work. lie has two brothers : John, who is 
at home in the store, and William S., cashier of 
M. M. Dick's bank at West Newton. 

•jf OIIN Z. VANKIRK is a well-known citizen 

J and proprietor of one of the finest livery, 
sale and feed /tables of West Newton. He 
is a son of William M. and Camelia (Hayden) 

Vankirk, and was born in Uostraver township, 
\Vestmoreland county, i'a., November "Jo, 18i'>. 
His paternal granilfatlier was John A'aiikirk, 
who was a resident of Allegheny county, I'a., 
lor scvci-al yrars. His maternal giahdlalher, 
Jeremiah Ilayden, lived in Klizabeth township, 
Allegheny county, Pa., where he was a well-to- 
do farmer and a quiet, steady and useful citizen. 
He was an unassuming member of the Baptist 
church. He was an old-line whig until the 
dissolution of that party and then became one of 
the first in his section to advocate the principles 
of the Republican party. His father, ^Yilliam 
M. Vankirk, was born in Allegheny county, 
this State, where he lived and died. He was a 
farmer and stock-raiser, and for many years 
served in a noted militia company of his native 
townshi|). He was a democrat in politics but 
never aspired to office. He united in marriage 
with Camelia Ilayden, by whom lie had four 
children, three sons and one daughter : Westley 
G., who is a farmer and married Elmira Hutch- 
inson ; William A., John Z. and Caroline who 
married John Ilayden, a merchant at Mc- 
Kcesport. Pa. 

John Z. Vankirk was reared in Rostraver 
township, where he attended the common schools 
and worked on the farm until he was of age. 
He then engaged in farming which he pursued 
for eighteen years. In 1884 he removed to 
West Newton, where he embarked in the livery 
business which he has continued to successfully 
pursue till the present time. 

May 7, 187:2, ho united in marriage with 
Hannah Ilibben, who was born and reared at 
West Newton. 

John Z. Vankirk has a large livery, sale and 
feed-stable. It is eligibly located and well-stocked 
with good riding and driving horses, fine buggies 
and first-class carriages. His efibrts to accom- 
modate and please the traveling public arc well 
appreciated by his many patrons. He owns 
some valuable real estate in the borough and is 
a good business man. In politics he is rather 



in(loi>uink'iit and always voles fdrwlidiii he coii- 
sidcid tliu Lust mail, llo is a liiciiilici- uf West 
Newton Lodf^e, No. 440, I. (J. of (). F., and 
tlu-(»<lcl l''cllo\v iMiddWinnil Associal ion. 

fEOU(iE WASIIAlLVrUII, the popidar 
restaurateur of West Newton, was born 
August 13, 1837, in Fayette county, Pa., 
not far from j\It. Pleasant, and is a son of 
Thomas and Hannah (Mason) Washahaugh. 
Ills grandfather, John Washabaugh, was also a 
native of Fayette county, where he lived and 
died. lie was a fiirmer by occupation and 
owned considerable real estate ; he was a Jack- 
sonian democrat and a member of tlie Baptist 
chinch. Tiiomas Mason, maternal grandfather, 
was a native of Fayette county, a presbyterian 
in religious faith, a farmer by occupation and a 
whig and republican in politics. Thomas 
Washabaugh (father) was born in Fayette county 
and died there in the year 1852. He, too, was a 
husbandman and was identified with the church 
of lioil. He was married to Hannah Mason, 
who bore him eight children, two sons and six 
daughters, all of whom are living e.\cept one 

George Washabaugh after attending the com- 
mon schools of his day embarked in agricultural 
pursuits which he continued for about fifteen 
years. He then took an agency for sewing 
machines and continued in tiiat line for about 
si.\ years. in ISS;') he went to West Newton 
and engaged in the restaurant business which he 
has followed ui) to the present time. Politically 
he is a democrat and is active and influential. 
He is a good citizen, (juiet and order-loving, 
cheerful in disposition, acconmiodating, pleasant 
and reliable ; he is highly esteemed by all who 
kno\v' him. He belongs to West Newton Lodge, 
No. 440, and the Encampment No. 275 of I. 0. 
0. F. 

(leorge Wadiabaugh was married in 185G to 
^lary, a daugiiter of David (jlassburn, of Fay- 

yetfc county, and tiiey have riv(' cliildi-eii, four 
of whom are living: Lizzie, born November ID, 
1857; Addie, born May 'JO, ISOS; Jennie, horn 
March 4, INT-J; Itclle, born Sciitembcr K, lK7(i; 
Ashiion (deeeiisrd) was horn Mareii 5, 18(11, and 
<lied June L",t, 18(JL 

who have had experience in war know 

4^ best the value and blessings of peace, and 
those who fight the battles of their country 
should, when the strife is ended, be especially 
fitted to maintain the peace and advance tlie 
prosperity of their native or adopted land. One 
of the men who has had military experience and 
who moreover possesses the qualities essential to 
a good citizen in time of peace is George W. 
Washabaugh, a son of David and Sarah (lluey) 
Washabaugh, who was born January 4, 1839, 
in Fayette county. Pa. John Washabaugh 
(grandfather) was a farmer of Fayette county, 
Pa., of Gerinan descent. His son, David Wash- 
abaugh, father of George W., was born in 1814 
in Fayette county, lived there an<l engaged in 
farming till 1852, when he removed to Mercer 
county, Pa., where he still lives. His wife 
died .March 1, 188(1. Four of their children are 
living, of whom David J. is a physician and r