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Full text of "Biographical history of the manufacturers and business men of Rhode Island, at the opening of the twentieth century"

Boo k - n ' 7 

Gopyriglit]^? 

COFXRICHT DEPOSir. 



I 

Biographical History 



OF IHi; 



Manufacturers 



AND 



Business Men «^ Rhode Island 



AT THE OPENING OF THE 
TWENTIETH CENTURY 



JOSEPH D. HALL, Jr., Editor 



1901 

J. D. HALL & CO., Publishers 
PROVIDENCE, R. I. 



THE LI»R*«i' «^ 

CONGRESS. 
Twu CorNU HtctivtB 

JAN. 30 1802 


CO^HlOMT 


ENTHt 


COPY 




a 



Copyiiulu, igiji. 
!y J. I). ll.AI.l. \' (-()., 
rii>\i(lcnce, 1\ I 



PREFACE. 



The men who carry on the manufacturing business to the extent of about one hundred and 
fift\' millions of dollars aniuially, in a State where the [jopulation is less than half a million, and 
others who are successfully utilizing many more millions in the various avenues of trade in close 
touch with manufacturing are worthy of a place in the records of events. It is, therefore, the object 
of this book to record their names in coflveilieiit form foiAfutiire reference, so that their achieve- 
ments maybe known ami their life wofk made a blessing to the futiu'e generations of Rhode 
Island. ; 

No records of a general character have ever been made of the men who held the imjjortant 
reins of commerce in our .State tiuring the jnist hundred years, and consecjuently there are few re- 
liable st>urces of information that gi\'e the results of the labors of the busy men who shajied its 
business affairs, rounding out a centur)' of progress that may well be looked u])on as marvellous. 
Few states in any country can record such a ra])id advance. 

To atone somewhat for errors of the past, and to make ample provision for the future, this 
publication is issued. A [)roduction combining the highest degree of perfection that the engrax - 
ers and printers arts have developed, with a fund of information that may be relied upon as accu- 
rate in every detail, each item being carefully revised by the editor and verified by data furnished 
by each individual manufacturer. 

It is intended to give concise biographical records so tar as they pertain to their business 
career, the kind of manufacturing and the amount of business carried on by each, the capital in- 
vested, growth, improvement in methods, number of emi>loyi'S, and any other vuluable information 
that may be offered, together with halftone portraits and plates of manufacturing plants and their 
proiluctions. Portraits and articles inserted in this book are not for the purpose of exalting any 
person, but simj)])' to show the faces of a goodly number of our manufacturers doing business the 
first year of the new century and to give a plain statement of facts relating to their productions. 
Their own achievements must sing their praises. 

No greater legacy can be handed down to posterity than a record of individual acquirements, 
so plainly written as to enable others to profit thereb)', and improve u])on if ];)Ossible. What would 
the world do to-day without a knowledge of the attainments of men like l<"ranklin, Morse and 
Mdison.' The majority of men do not reach such high planes, but there is scarcely a man of busi- 
nes, no matter what line he may represent, if he be a thinking man, who has not a few ideas that 
are worthy of emulation. 

THE I'UHI.I.-^IIKRS. 



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Industries of Rhode Island. 



The State of Rhode Island, .with its population of 438,556, produces annually, in manufactured 
goods, to the value of upwards of one hundred and fifty millions of dollars, thereby giving it the 
full right and title to a prominent place among the great manufacturing and commercial centres of 
the world. This grand total is made up from a great variety of articles, but the most important 
are cotton, woolen and worsted goods, steam engines, machinery and tools in great variety, sterling 
silverware and jewelry. 

The wheels of many of these industrial plants are kept going part of the time by utilizing the 
waters of the Blackstone, I'awtuxet, I'awcatuck, iMoshassurk, W'oonasquatucket and Wood Rivers, 
but steam and electricity provide the [jrincijial motive power that keep in operation the vast 
amount of machiney of the manufacturing plants of the State, thereby guaranteeing no loss of 
time on account of dry weather and lovv streams, such as the old time manufacturers had to con- 
tend with, because they were compelled to use these water ways for ])ower exclusively. 

In several lines of manufactures the State of Rhode Island leads the world, and in many it 
ranks second to none in the quality and volume of its productions. A large percentage of these 
goods find a ready market in foreign countries, and the century just 0]3ening promises a much 
wider foreign field for our business men to operate in. 

More than one-fourth of the population of the State are employed in manufacturing establish- 
ments, and a large per cent, of these are classed among the most skilled artisans to be found in 
any country, many of them having been {kicked from among the best mechanics of Europe and 
induced to come to Rhode Island to labor in the various shops where the highest degree of skill is 
required in bringing out the kind of art productions that are made by the Gorham Manufacturing 
Company and others. 

It is not the object of this book to give a detailed account of the manufacturing and business 
conditions of the State, gleaned from sources of a more or less unreliable nature, that in many 
instances may have been the fountain heads of many glaring errors that ha\-e been perpetuated by 
many an honest writer because he accepted them as facts on account of their repeated use, but its 
object is this : To allow each indi\-idual manufacturer and business man to give an account of 
himself and his business in his own language, and as much as he deems advisable for the enlight- 
enment of its readers in his particular Hne, thereby providing an original source of information 
that should prove more accurate and complete than any indivitiual eilitor could possibly glean from 
material ordinarily at hand. ' 

The following jiages are devoted wholly to information relative to Rhode Island manufacturers, 
business men closely allied with manufacturing, and the products of the establishments under their 
control, m order to show who the men are, i/ozv living, that are shaping the commercial destiny of 
our Commonwealth at the open door of the Twcntietli Ccniiny. 

The cities of Providence, Pawtucket and Central P'alls combined are the great commercial and 
manufacturing centre of the State, for they constitute what might properly be said to be one 
compact municipality under three separate governments. The cities and towns of \Vt)onsocket, 
Westerly, Hristol, Phenix, Pascoag, Warren, Wakefield, Peace Dale, Hope Valley, and others, 
are important business centres. 




WESTMINSTER STREET, PROVIDENCE. 
The Principal Retail Business Thoroughfare of the State of Rhode Island. 



BIOGRAPHICAL IIISTOKV OV THK MAXUl' "ACTL'KICRS 



Wickford Worsted Mills. — Since the adojitioii 
of the Constitution of 1S43, when James Kenner 
was Governor, the State of Rhode Island has 
had a number of Chief Magistrates whose busi- 
ness was manufacturing, but ckuing the past 
decade men of other callings, with one excep- 
tion, have filled the Governors chair. It is, 



boy. Ill 1857 he removed to Moosup and went 
to work for the Almyville Company, and when 
the boy was ten years of age he went to work in 
this mill. It was in this town that young Wil- 
liam procured his early education, largely from 
evening schools. About this time the war broke 
out and the family removed to Westerly, R. I., 



therefore, very fitting at the opening of the where he again went into the mill to work ; this 

Twentieth Century, after the close of a hundred time as a designer in the mill recently tnvned by 

years of progress in the line of manufactures Warren O. Arnold. At the age of nineteen he 

that may well be looked upon as marvellous, was given charge of Whitehead's mill at Au- 



that a manufacturing 
(iovernor has been cho- 
sen. One who has 
risen from the first 
steps in te.xtile manu- 
facturing as an em- 
ploye, to the position 
of an em[)loyer, and 
proprietor of one of 
the successful woolen 
plants of our State, an 
experience that ena- 
bles hmi to fully un- 
derstand the secret of 
the success of manu- 
facturing, because of 
his acquaintance with 
the different stages of 
the business that lead 
up to the completed 
article, ready for the 
avenues of commerce, 
thereby enabling him 
to render reasonably 
correct judgment as to 
the kind of protection 
the Rhode Island man- 
ufacturer should have. 

This being essential- 
ly a manufacturing community, it should 
strengthen the confidence of the men having in 
charge the great industries of our State to know 
that the man at the helm is a manufacturer, 
fully versed in all of the requirements that are 
necessary to make the State forge ahead in its 
chosen field even more ra])idly than in the suc- 
cessful years gone by. 

William Gregorv was born in Astoria, L. I., 
August 3, 1849. His father, William Gregory, 
was a carpet weaver, and moved to Bean Hill, 
near Norwich, Conn., when William was a small 




William Gregory. Governor of Rhode Island 



burn, and a few years 
later was superintend- 
ent of another woolen 
mill in Waterford, 
Mass., and later super- 
intendent of the wool- 
en mill in Bellville, 
R. I.; was in Ansonia, 
Conn., two years from 
1878 ; in New York as 
general manager and 
agent for the A. T. 
Stewart Co. Return- 
ing to Rhode Island, 
he began the manufac- 
ture of worsted goods 
in what was known as 
the Chapin mill in 
Wickford, in 1881, and 
he has since added the 
Oak Hill mill, of Ik-U- 
ville, to his property, 
both of which had been 
abandoned for years. 
There are 1200 spin- 
dles ; 100 employes. 

Mr. Gregory began 
his political career soon 
after going into busi- 
ness. Was town Representative in 1888 and for 
the three succeeding years; State Senator in 
1894 and for the three years following ; delegate 
to the National Republican Convention in 1896. 
President and director of the Wickford National 
Bank; director in the l^nion Trust Co., trustee 
in R. I. .Safe Deposit Co. of I'rovidence; chair- 
man State Board of Charities and Corrections; 
member I'"ranklin Lodge, No. 20, A. F. and A. M. 
of Westerly, and of the Central and Church- 
man's Clubs of Providence. Llected Lt. (iov- 
ernor 1898-99. Elected Governor in April, 1900- 



8 



Hl()(;R.\rilK Al. HISTORY (»F Till': MANUFACTURERS 



The Gorham Manufacturing Company. — On l>"or many years the business remained on the 

tlie wall oi one ot the upper rooms oi the (ior- site upon which it was first established by Mr. 

ham Uompan}' at Hroadway and iijtli street, Cioiham ; additional projierty beinj; from time 

Xew York, in its sim]ile, old fashioned frame, to time acquired as the business increased until 

lianas an old en!j;ravinjj dating from the early the entire block was occupied, the hotel itself 

veais ot the centurw This e.\am])le of the skill hein<;- e\'entually absorbed ; but the limit of ex- 

ol some loiii; dead [irovincial en_i;ra\er, thou<;h tension in this locality was at length reached, 

cherished with care, has little, ])erhaps, to com and, still more room being needeil, in iSSy the 

mciid it as a work of art. It is a \iew ol what, present enormous factiu'y was erected in a suit- 
able ])osition on the 



\ 



•JH'.' 





at that tune, was one 
of the leading hotels 
ol I'rovitlence: "The 
American 1 louse, by 
Richard Smith, cor 
ner of Xmth Main 
and Steeple streets, 
opposite the P'irst 
liahlist (sic. I Meet- 
ing 1 louse, ' as is care- 
lull\ set t(}rth in its 
title. It is a sini[)le, 
toui' sipiare, l)uil(Jing, 
whose style bespeaks 
the date ol its con- 
stiuctioii. It is not. 
iio\ve\'ei-, the hotel it- 
sell, l.iit the little 
gambicl iiiofcd dwell 
ing house in its rear, 
but a stone's throw 
np Steeple street, 
which gi\es to the 
engr.uing its interest 
tor t he ( inrham Uom- 
p.iny 

■ \cr<]>s the gable of 
this little house runs 
a sign."( ioi ham, Web- 
ster \- I'nce, Silver 
.Spoons and |euelr\-.'' 
I leic it wa> that in 
i.'^.ii Mr (.orham 

,idded to Ins Inrmer birsiness of leweller the 
nKinutactuie of siberware — a mannf.ictnie 
whirh, necess.uil)- conducted on a most limited 
St-. lie, had as its basis the princi|)les of commei- 
( ial integrity .nid honest craftsmanship. Imoui 
this niiMlcst beginning the lousiness has steadily selves in their own Iniilding in the s.ime head- 
grown, until today the (loiham ('om|)any quarters of the jewelrv tiade : in 1S71 .1 mo\e 
stainis among the loremost ol the in'ominent w.is made to P.ond street : in 1S77 they were 
ni.innl.ictnring estahlishinents in this tciuntry of housed further u[i town, in Union .Stpiare ; while 
gi eat enterprises. in 1SS4 a further u|)waril mo\'ement was made 







a?-***:*:*-* 



.-*'♦>?. 



■W.-VM.- 



^.>»>>^ 



Chalice in Sterliivi Silver. 



Gorham Mfg. Co. 

)ital. 



outskirts of the city. 
1 1 ere are a few tig- 
ures showing the 
continuous and rapid 
growth of the busi- 
ness: In the year 
1 85 J, some twenty 
years after its estab- 
lishment, the total 
capital ot ihe tirm 
was S 1 j.ooo ; ten 
years later this had 
grown to :> 100,000. 
In iSo:;, when the 
present coin|)an)- was 
incor|iorated (this in- 
coi'poiat ion becoming 
operative two \ears 
later), its capital was 
h.xed at S 300,000. In 
KS7J this was again 
enlarged to > 1 . joo.ooo 
At the present time 
the compaiu' has an 
authoii/ed capital of 
$5,000,000, of which 
$4,200,1100 has been 
issued and is em- 
ploved in its busi- 
ness. The inci'ease 
ot business has kept 
]).ice with the in- 
The continuous "Towth of 



creasf ol cap 
the concern is .dso shown by the changes which 
it has made Irom time to time in its .\ew N'ork 
head(piaiters. Beginning with modest cham- 
bers in Maiden Lane, in i8^i)the\' found them- 



s 




lO 



HI< )(.K.\rilIC.\l. lllSldRN (i|- 111!'; M .\.\ I ' l-'ACTl / R I;RS 



to Hruadway and loth street, where their present 
hea(K|iiarters tiirm one 111 the arehiteetural tea- 
tures ol New ^'oIk City- During the yieater 
])art ol this time however, they ha\e still main- 
tained a store in Maiden Lane, and their uhnle 
sale and retail trade there now forms an impor 
tant feature of the business. It must, iiowever. 
he borne in tiiinil t h, it ,i \er\' large part ol the 
out[nit of tlie (lorli.im C'oni]ian\' finds its way ti> 
the public through the retail jewellers' estab 
lishiiients throughout the I'nited .States. l-"or 
hall a eentui)' the relations between the eom- 
p.ui\' and the le.idini; houses thidughout the 
eountiy ha\'e been most cordial 

l'erha]is the most marked illust i.ition ol the 
e<intinuous giciwlh of tlie business rs to be lound 
m the increase ol the number ol emploM's. .\t 
tirst, oi coiu'se, Mr. ( ioiham em|ilo\ed very lew 
hanils, but as eail\- as uSqj these had been 
.added to untd the niimbei" le.iched 40 ; ten ve.irs 
Liter this number had doubled, ,ind at the date 
ol the in.corporation ol the comp.my the em- 
|iloy(-s numbered ^ou ; in 1.S7J tliere were 500 
men on liie p.iv roll ; and on Jannaiy i, 1900, 
tlie total number ol eni])lo) es ol the company in 
its dilterent dejiartments reached the e.xtraordi- 
nar\- ligure of 1.84J. 

.Muchol .Mr. (.jorham's success was due to the 
Iriendly relations e.xistmg between himself and 
the men he emiiloyed. lie woiiKl know each 
one ol them jiersonally, and take an interest in 
him as an individual as well as a workman, while 
the men wmild take a pride in their work am' do 
their best to show that the confidence was not 
illliestowed. While it is impossible that the 
same jieisonal bond which existed in Mr. 
(lorham's day should unite a body ol over i,<Sou 
men with their employers, yet the same piinci- 
jile governs the dealings of the company, and 
the employs have consistently been m.ide to 
leel th.it the)' are indi\'idii,ils and not mere ma- 
chines, and th.it indiviilual ellort will lie recog- 
ni/ed .and lead to litting aih'ancement. 

I he ollicers ol the comjianv are I-'.dwaid 
llollirook. I'resident and Treasurer; <ieoige II. 
Robinson, \'ice I'residenl ; I. ]•". 1'. I.autun, 
.Secretary anil .\ssist.tnt Treasiner. 

f^egimung with the company in 1 Sji i. at tirst 
in a minni- pusition, .Mr. llolljinnk h. is adv. meed 
thn.iigh the dillerent bi. inches of the business 
until he has now idled eveiv ]Hisition ol impni 
t.mce in its cunmierci.il dejiartment, .ind h.is 



devoted much of his time ami attention to the 
manulactui ing and designing departments, so 
th.it it m.i\- fairly be said that he h.is a practical 
aci|iiaintance with every detail of the vast oi- 
gani/ation he contiols, |-"rom the very first the 
wellare ol those under him has been one of his 
lirst considerations. There are few keener and at 
t he same time mm e sympathetic critics of the 
artistic element in the work [iroduced than Mr. 
Hoi brook. It is this but that h.as played a large 
part in .uK'.incing the (iorham ('om]iany to the 
piosition it holds in the artistic world. \or has 
he lost sight of more m.itcrial considerations 
in his tie.itment of the workmen. ( )nly recently 
he has erected ne.ar the factory a most pictiii- 
esi|ue .and comfortable building wdiich not only 
serxes as a place of recreation for the employi's, 
but which is devoted to su[)plying to them at 
actii.il cost a good anti substantial mid-da\' meal. 
It includes a large central dining hall and 
reading room .ind a basement for over 400 
bicycles, as well as a pleasant room for the 
female em|iloycs, and comfortable bed-rooms 
lor the accommodation of those oflicers of the 
com]iany who may be \-isiting the works lor a 
day iir two at a time. 

Within the ])ast few )ears, the company has 
established a school of handicraft which has 
revived in a large measure the ancient glories 
of the silversmith's art, producing real hand- 
wrought subjects which are known as ".Martele" 
work, Mr. William C. Codman being the prin- 
cip.il designer. The use of the hammer enters 
so largely into the manufacture of these goods, 
it shows that it is possible for a great commer- 
cial establishment to produce real h.ind wrought 
work which sh.iU claim attention solely because 
of its piueh' artistic merit. It imjilies ;i return 
to the imderKing principalis of those days when 
the silversmith's cialt was a living art in design 
as well as in technical execution. 

Mr. ( leorgc II. Riibinson h.is had his share 
iif wmk in helping de\elo|j the business of the 
ciim|i.iii\' to Its present great proportions, and 
.Ml. I. [■ . I'. L.iwtiJii. whn is so well known in 
Rhmle IsLind, his held .111 huiiorable ])osition 
loi ,1 numlier ol \e.irs. lie lirst entered the 
emplo)' ol the company in .\iigusl, 1S59, as 
bookkeeper, and lanu.iry 1. i.Sn;, upon its incor- 
poration, he w.is elected .Secretary ol the 
companv, which ollice he h.is held continuously 
to the ] iiescnt t ime. 



AM) iu'sixi;ss mi;n' oi' kiioui-, island. 



II 



Brown & Sharpe Manufacturing Company. - 

The business of this company was begun in 
1833 by David Urown and his son, Joseph Iv. 
lirovvn. David lirown retired in 1841, and the 
business was conducted by his son Joseph until 
1853, when Lucian Sharpe became his partner, 
and the firm of J. R. Brown & Sharpe was 
formed. The firm was incorporated in 1868 un 
der the name of Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co. 

In 1853, twenty years after the 
founding of the business, although 
the concern had earned the repu- 
tation for [iroducini 
the best and most ac- /^R: 

curate worl<, their *=Ptr^'^^^ 
total door space was ^'^"kfel^'. jf 
only 1,800 square 
feet ; in 1857 their 
total force consisted 
of twenty men. A 
large part of their 
time was then de- 
voted to watch re- 
pairing and the mak- 
ing of small tools for 
jewelers' use 

From 1859 their 
growth as a manu- 
facturing 
concern 
was rapid, * 
and the old * 
build ings 
on South _ 
Main street 
b e c a me 
crowded. In 
1872 there 
were more 
than 300 

men employed, and they decidetl to ui()\e to the 
present location. 

The plant has cmitinuctl to gniw until the 
present buildings, which are said to he among 
the best in America for their line of business, 
have a floor space ot about eight and one- 
half acres and more than 2,000 men are 
employed. The buildings are irn)dern in every 
particular, and methodically arranged. The 
heating, lighting and sanitary arrangements are 
of the best ; the worksho[)s are constantly kept 
in such a condition of cleanliness and order. 




The Latest Improved Milling Mac 



and the men are |)rovided with such conven- 
iences as to encourage the best work. 

There is a mutual relief association for the 
benefit of the employes, and a large library of 
technical and reference books, together with 
other works by the best authors, is ])rovided for 
them. 

The invention and de\-elopment of the ma- 
chines and tools made by this company was 

stimulated to a large 
degree by the manu- 
facture of the Willco.K 
and (iibbs sewing ma- 
chine, commenced in 
1859. To this industry, 
w h i c h still occupies 
part of their works, 
they owe the milling 
and grinding machines, 
and the cutters that 
can be ground without 
changing their outline, 
as well as a number of 
their gauges and other 
tools for accurate meas- 
urements, that have 
established their repu- 
tation and greatly mod- 
i fi e d and 
improved 
^__ machine- 
shop prac- 
tice through- 
u t the 
world. They 
intend that 
the mach- 
ines an d 

tools of their 
hine. Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co. c 

'^ m a n u t a c - 

tLire shall be the best in their respective classes. 
Cylindrical bearings are accurately ground, 
plain bearings are scraped to surface plates, and 
alignments are correct. 

The methods that they employ in manufac- 
turing contribute largely to the accuracy and 
convenience of their machines and tools. These 
methods include the use of specific machines, 
fi.xtures, limit gauges, and the manufacture of a 
great many parts at one time, together with a 
thorough .system of ins|)ection. There are in 
their shops a number of machines and tools 




C/3 



BIOGRAl'lilCAI. IlIS'lORV OF Till-: M ANUFACTIRICRS 



13 



not found in many estalilishnients, and yet that 
are necessary to determine the accuracy of 
work. Accurate work cannot be done advan- 
tageously, perhaps in many instances it is even 
impossible, without them. 

Their measuring machine is one of these ap- 
pliances, used to determine the accuracy of 
standard gauges and other articles that must be 
finished to e.xact size. With these machines 
readings to .0001", or with oniinary care varia- 
tions not exceeding .00005" can be made. 

In this same class are the linear standards 
that were prepared by them for their own use. 
After these were completed they were compared 
with the government standards and the mean 
error found to be only .00002". The standards 
have been divided with the greatest care 
and accuracy, and, for example, their rules 
and scales are as nearly exact copies as expert 
mechanical skill, aided by special machines, can 
make them. 

Of more general use in the shops are the hmg 
straight edges, the master surface plates, the 
limit gauges, and the very interesting test tools 
for sewing machine and similar work. 

All machinery and tools are subject to rigid 
inspection, and, when deemed necessary, to 
actual operation before being packed. The fit- 
ness of the machines for the i)ur[)oses intended 
is best shown by the class of shops that use 
them in all parts of the world. They are readily 
understood, easily operated, and made with such 
precision that they are not liable to get out of 
order, an advantage that machinists appreciate. 

A comparison of the original universal milling 
machine, built in 1863, with the modern machine 
shows that, while there have been great im. 
provements in construction, all of the funda- 
mental principles were embodied in this machine 
which was patented by J. R. Brown, February 
21, 1865. The cylindrical grinding machines, now 
so important a factor in modern shop practice, 
were originated at these works, the first success- 
ful machine being designed by J, i\. Hrown, 
and patented I*"ebruary i], 1877. The well 
known form of milling cutter, that can be 
ground without changing the outline, was patent- 
ed November 29, 1 864. They first began the man- 
ufacture of scales and rules in 1S50. and in 1S52 
Samuel Darling began a similar line of work, 
which resulted in the copartnershi[) of Darling, 
Brown & Sharpe in 1866. 



The officers at present are l.ucian Sharpe, 
Treasurer ; Henry D. Sharpe, Secretary. 

Taft Machine Co. -Manufacturers of combi- 
nation overseaming and straight stitch carpet 
sewing machines, for hand or electric power. 
Business established by J. C. Taft in 1876. 
Incorporated under the present name in 1900. 
Oflicers, Jerome C. Taft, President ; Henry G. 
Thresher, Treasurer; Herbert M. Fillebrown; 
Secretary. Machines sold extensively throughout 
the United States and Canada. Jerome C. Taft 
was born in Canterbury, Conn., .Sept. ig, 1847. 
Learned the trade of a machinist. Ojiened a 
machine shop in Providence in 1872: after a 
few years invented the carpet sewing machine 
that is said to be the best machine of its kind, and 
began their manufacture under the patents that 
he had secured. Works now located at 40 
Friendship .Street, Providence. 

A. A. Presbrey & Son Co. Manufacturers of 
kegs and jjacking boxes of all descriptions, also 
contractors and builders and dealers in hemlock' 
spruce and pine lumber, shingles, clapboards, 
etc., planing, moulding and sawing done for con- 
tractors. The business was originally establish- 
ed by A. A. Presbrey, and the first name of the 
concern was Presbrey & Myrick, that name be- 
ing used for a number of years. iXUen A. Pres- 
brey, President and Treasurer of the company, 
was born in Taunton, Mass., in 1845. Began 
the manufacture of wooden boxes as early as 
1858 in the city of Providence. Mr. Presbrey 
was a member of the Providence City Council 
in 1897 Sid 1898; member of the Central Club of 
Providence, Treasurer of the Church of the 
Mediator. Walter A. Presbrey, Secretary of 
of the A. A. Presbrey & Son Co., corner Sum- 
mer and Meadow Streets, Providence, was born 
in Providence, R. I., 18O7. Learned civil 
engineering and was in the employ of the City 
Engineer at the City Hall for a number of years 
prior to his becoming a co-partner in the A. A. 
Presbrey & Son Co. P'.lected Councilman this 
year, 1901, from the .Seventh ward of the city 
of Providence. 

J. Crocker & Son. — Manufacturers of silver 
plated casket trimmings, wire and sheet metal 
goods. Works at 409 Pine street. Providence. 
Established in 1875 1^)' Josiah Crocker, father 
of Eugene B. Crocker, the ])resent proprietor. 
Employ 12 hands. 



It 



nil tiiRAiMiicAi, lll^lMk^ ()i iiii-: mantpac 1 1 Ri-;ks 



History of the J. B. & S. M. Knowles Co. 

I he l.iunilatioii nl a sucL'esstiil ami pciinaiicnt 
hiisinos is cralt >kill. In iS;j llcniy L. W'cb 




Joseph B. Kmiwlus. 

stcr, a practical sih c-rstiiilh, and Josciih \'>. 
Knowles, a piaclical jeweler, uniteil llieir skill 
and forces and founded the lirni ot 11. I, Web- 
ster & Company, the ancestor ot the suhiect of 
this sketch. 

They started m business on Meetnig Street, 
ui the rear of what is now known as the Lons- 
dale l^lock. They nianutactured s]>oons by 
hand, for_i;in.L; them from the stock as the custom 
then was. The ([Uality of their work was the 
jire^'ailin.i.:; one of coin, as the l-j\!;lish st.ind.ird 
ot Sterling; was not introduced into this country 
until 1S5:; and did iu)t come into univer.sal u.se 
among manufacturers lor several years. i he 
lirm ado|)ted the new standard in common with 
other maniifactureis, and since then their trade 
mark has stiKJil for Sterling Silver only. 

The practical ability ot the two men asserted 
itself in two ways, l-iist, m having firstclass 
workmen, and second, in establishing an appren- 
tice svstem. The re!)ulation ot the house has 
always rested on their tl.itware production and 
is, to-day, secontl to none in tliis c(]untry. In 
|S;4 the tactory was moved to the Tingley Build- 
ing on South Main Street; in 1S58 to I'kldy and 



Miil'lle Streets and the liriu name was changed 
to Ku'iwles & l.add; in 1 SfiS they mo\ etl to iJ5 
I'me .'-street and the name, through changes, be- 
came I. H. ^; .S. iM. Knowles. In 1891 on the 
the death ot j. H. Knowles, tlie tirm was incor 
porated as the I. 1! iH: .S. M. Knowles Company, 
and in iSi)4 moved to their jnesent location in 
the Talcot Huilding, 91 Sabin Street, where with 
increased ol'lice and factory facilities they are 
Ix'tter able to take caie of the growing business. 
The line of patterns manufacture<l b_v the firm 
are complete in e\ ei)' wav and de].)artures have 
been made in hollow w.iie, where the same care 
is e.xeicised in ilesign and finish as in their flat- 
ware. Their tra\'ellers now cover the entire 
coimtiy and enjoy the confidence of the best 
trade. This conhdence has been created not by 
what thev ha\e said of theniselves, but b_\- the 
uidjlemished recoid of honorable dealing for 
forty nme _\ears. 

The cardinal ])rinci|)le ot the firm has been 
fidui the beginning that the best class of goods 
can be made b)' first class men only, and grow 
ing out of thisa.\iom, that tirst-class goods speak 




Henry L. Webster. 

for themselves to satistied customers and make 
a jiermanent business. William C. Hurwell is 
tlie Treasurer and Manager. 




Prize Cup No. 371, n.ade by J. B. & S. M. Knowles Co. 



i;iO(,K.\l'lllC.\l 



I IS 1 I 'KN' 

Providence Machine Company. 'Vhc I'l.-vi 
deiH-c Machine Cmi'anv lievclope.! Horn the 
UKichine shop eonneeted with the stea>n null 



■■'■\ 



^ 




,1. iiii-: M.\\ri-.\("TrKi:RS 

ihe ,.iii;mal name liy whicli it had previously 
received a charter Irom the Slate, and organized 
with I'homas 1, iiill as I'residenl and Treasurer, 
All'cit Hill, his sun, as Secretary, and Cieorge 
Hazard as A-ent and Manager. Throughout 
his entire business lite, while he was the pro- 
incitei "t and interested in many enterprises, Mr. 
Hill made the business ol the i'rovidence Ma- 
chine Co. the special object of his attention, 
w.is born in r.iwtucket, K. I.. March 4, 
■ ■ I'rovidence. July J4, i^^'M- 
William r. I'eirce, now tl'ie I'lesident^ and 
,,1 the I'rovidence Machine Co., a 
-nandsonol Ihonias J. Hill, who was the found- 
cr'ol thecHupany. w.is born m New Bedford, 
Mass.. November Ji, 1 S"3 Received his early 
education m the public schools <.f his native 
ipleted ,1 business course in War- 
it I'rovidence. .After 
teviving school he entered I'-rown .N Sharpe Mfg. 
C, ,,F I'n.vidence. to learn the trade of a ma- 
rhii'n-t. an.l served three years. He then en- 
tered the w,.rks ot the company that he is now 
at the head ol, as a journeyman. and grew uji with 
the business, working in nearly all of the de- 



Mr. Hil 

lS(.i5 ; died in 
A'i 
1 easurer 



town, and comi 

ner's Hiisiness College, 



Thomas J. HiU. 
that was owned and operated 111 I'rovidence by 
.Samuel Slater. In u'^.^c' Thomas J. Hill be 
came foreman of this machine shop, and in lS.^4 
he bought an interest in the business, the pre 
sent name ol the company lieing a<lopled ,it that 
lime. Cpon Mr. Slater's death in i.S.v=;. In-- '"- 
teresl was sold to others, but Mr Hill contin- 
ued at the head of the concern, and in 1S411, 
alter the busines had been very much increased 
and new buildings erecte.l, he became the sole 
owner. Mr. Hill continued the maiuil.ut ure ot 
all kinds ol cotton machinery and many kinds ol 
m.ichines for the woolen manufacture, which 
were considered sujierior to the same class ol 
l-.nglisli m.ide machines. Ilus was the Inst 
American concern to m. mill. ict ure roving ma 
, hi'ie^. and tliev still are the le.iders in this par 
ticul.ir m.ichine. on account ot the recently 
p. .tented lovin.:; Ir.ime which is a gie.it improve- 
ment over the old m.ichme, .111 account ot which 
is given liirther .doiig 111 thi^ article. 

In 1.S74 the bu'-inesv wa> incorporated under 




WUliam C. Pence. 



partmen-.s. l-aitermg as a workman in 1SS4. in 
l,S,S5 he was admitted to the tirm and became 
Superintendent, .md in 1804 he was elected the 



AMD BUSINKSS MKN OF RllOUl': ISLAND. 



17 



Agent of the company. After Mr. nill'.s death 
in 1894, Mr. I'eirce was elected President and 
Treasurer of the company, in which capacity he 
now serves. He is President of the I-Ilizabeth 
Mills, director in Equitable Fire and Marine In- 
surance Co., and in the City Savings Bank ; 
member Providence Board of Trade and of the 
New luigland Cotton Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion. While the business of the company has 
continued to thrive under Mr. Peirce's manage- 
ment, the most important service he has ren- 



completed in 1896. Since then they have 
])r()ven their great sujjeriority over the old style 
roving frame, and the demand for them is be- 
coming quite general. The entire plant of the 
company is now devoted to the manufacture of 
roving machines. The principal features of the 
new machine are saving in weight and power, 
and superior work, the roving being laid more 
evenly owing to the fact that the rail, being 
jiroperly balanced throughout the entire set, 
there is no unnecessary dwell at the changes of 




I 







1^^- 



Plant of the Providence Machine Company, Eddy Street. 



dered the concern he represents and the manu- 
facturers of cotton goods at large, lies in the 
patented roving machine with self-balanced rail, 
that he has recently brought out, the patent be- 
ing granted in 1899. This new roving frame 
may well be ranked among the best and most 
successful inventions and improvements in cot- 
ton working machinery that have been brought 
out during the nineteenth century. Many at- 
tempts had been made to invent a similar ma- 
chine, but without success. 

The first of these new rovin<r machines was 



the traverse motion. This new roving machine 
can be built to carry spindles to the extreme 
limit of the ability of the operator. The ma- 
chines now being built are 47 feet 9 inches in 
length, carrying 192 7"^]|^^" bobbins, four 
times the capacity of the old style roving frame, 
but requiring only double the power, thereby 
saving about fifty per cent, in power. 

The Secretary of the company is Thomas P. 
Davis, who first served as agent and later as 
book-keeper until he was appointed to the pres- 
ent office. 



(2) 



s 



Hi( )(;R.\rHic.\i. iii.srokN' oi- nil'; m.wm'iwc-i rui-.ks 



Providence Belting Co. Mamikulincrs ot Pocasset Worsted Co. Manufacturers of 

ure (lak-tanncil leather heltiiiL; ami toliled twist worsted sariis for weavin.i; and knitting pur- 

)und beltini;\ Works looted on (diaries poses. lUisiiiess established in iSg" by Charles 

treet, i'roviilenee. i'lu' lar-est belt nianufac I'deteher, wdio also established several other 

iirinj; |)lant in the Slate. I'he new tactor)-, as worsted mills throughout the State, including 

hown by the cut upon thi.s |)age. was completed the National anil Providence Worsted Mills. 

I''actor\' located in the \illagc of 'rhorntoii, 



1 luoi. John li. Walsh. Manager. 
Maxson & Co. Manufacturers of doors, sash, 
liuds, tanks, d)'e tubs, and all kinds of builders' 
laterials. .Also dealers in all kinds of lumber. 
'l.min" mill on the Connecticut sideofthe I'avv- 



tovvn of Johnston. K. I. Ol'ticers . Charles 
I'deteher, President ; P'rederick C. P'letcher, 
Preasurer ; William ( i. 'Podd, .Secretary. The 
mill pro[)erty is modern in every resisect, and is 







Jf77 



" Uil liUrirjurjflrr 

llllLlUfJiFrjaml 



X- 



A 

'» 



lilliririrfnirifrfirm^ 




't 



<<^S2I" 



Plant ot the Providence Belting Co., Charles Street, Providence. 



atiick River, in Westerly, R. 1. I'he business 
k'as establishetl in iS.|^ by .Messrs. Charles and 
onathan Ma.xson, nndei" the lirm name of C. 
ilaxson vV Co., ami were succeeded by the pres- 
iit lirm in i SS r, Jonathan ^Pl\•soll and J. Irving 
da.Nsnn ciinstitnting the new companv. 

Zare White Manufaclurerof i hinestone goods 
u the line ot brooches, etc., and rolled gold 
ings. Piusiness established in .\ut;ust, I'jui. 
.\'orks located at J5 Caletider street, I'rovi- 
lence. /.are White is a nati\e of Ismid, Purkey, 
ihere he was born in lanuarv, 1 S80. 



ei|uip|)ed with the best class of machinery tliat 
is made for the manufacture of yarn. 

William S. Spofford & Son. — Manufacturers of 
worsteil mill sup|)lies, including sjiinning tubes, 
steel caps and spindles. Husiness established 
in iSSi. Works located 5 to 11 CuKer street, 
I'idvidence. P'.m|iloy i 5 hands. Hotli members 
of the liini are dead. Unsettled estate. 

Novelty Pearl Co. Manufacturers of pearl 
l)utt(.'ns and novelties. Husiness established in 
1890. Ivmploy 100 hands. Wdiks located at ;'> 
Dudley street. Providence. John P. Carl Weis, a 
native of Dorchester, Mass., is ])roprietor. 



^ 




20 



HIOGKArilUAl, IllS'lORV Ol" Till'. M ANUFACTUR KKS 



Nicholson File Company.— The Nicholson l-'ile 
(dmi);uiy ol I'rovidence was established by 
William '!'. Nicholson in 1S64, during the Civil 
War— a time unfavorable for the inception nf 
new enterprises. All pro\-ious attempts ti> es- 
tablish a machine-cutting file plant had failed, 
so that the belief had become almost universal 
among manufacturers and users of tiles that the 
hand-made file would hold the field indetinitely. 
In tace of this condition of affairs Mr. Nichol- 
son, by his own genius and perseverance, suc- 
cessfully tleveloped the industry. The Nichol- 
son I-"ile Company was incorporated in 1 S64. and 
for a considerable 



business of the J. l^arton .Smith Company of 
Philadelphia, I'a., was purchased. The com- 
pany at present operates si.\ distinct factories, 
two of which are located in Rhode Island, and 
one each in the States of New Jersey, Indiana, 
Pennsylvania and Ohio, where are manufac- 
tured eight distinct factory brands. The pres- 
ent capacity of this company's output amounts 
to civer ten thousand dozen files and rasps daily, 
and finds emjiloyment for nearly twenty-five 
huiulred hands, making it the dominant com- 
pany in the file and rasji trade of the world, and 
giving it the control of about So per cent, of the 

file jiroduct of this 




period i t s progress 
was slow, but the 
merits of Mr. Nichol- 
son's invention anil 
the cor)sec)uent e.xcel 
lence of the com- 
pany's product at 
lenglli brought sue 
cess. Its plant was 
enlarged l)y the addi- 
tion of new buildings; 
a factor)' for the niak 
ing of " .\. I*.. " or 
jewelers' and fine 
tool workers' files, 
was budt; and at his 
death, in i^fy,v the 
N icholson bile Coni- 
])any was the largest 
tile-making concern 
ill tiie world. 

In i<S(/) the Nichol 
son I'"ile ('oni[)any 
began the ])olicy of 
acquiring other plants, with a \-iew to strengthen 
its ])ositinn it) the industry and to lessen com- 
l)etition. The American Works at I'awtucket 
and the Creat Western Works at lieaver b'alls, 
I'.i , were ac(|uircd some years ago. .uul the 
I-lagle Works at .Middletown, N. \'., the McClel- 
lan Works at .Saginaw. Mich., and some smaller 
properties were taken over. ICarly in the pres- 
ent year the com[)any acquired by purchase 
two of the largest competing independent com 
panics in the country, vi/.: The Kearney & 
l-'oot Co , with large factories at I'aterson, N. J., 
anil Kent, Ohio; and The .Arcade b'ile Co., at 
-Anderson. Ind. Rccentl)' the tile ami rasji 




Samuel M. Nichol.son 



ciiuntry. 

As the Nicholson 
Pile Company is the 

Niiriginator of machine- 
made files in America, 
so is it the pioneer in 
their e.xjiortat ion. 
( )wing to their su- 
perior quality, the 
brands of the coni- 
•^g^' [ian\' are meeting 

^■^•V with the highest fa- 

vor abroad, especially 
in those markets for- 
merly controlled by 
Mnglish and German 
files, where they are 
regularly specified in 
large quantities by 
many of the leading 
houses in |)reterence 
to the best foreign 
makes. The reputa- 
tion of the concern, 
the quality of its product, and its close identifi- 
cation with the chief organizations and move- 
ments for the extension of America's foreign 
trade, make its name a factor and infiuence in 
the commerce of the world. 

.Samuel .M. Nicholson, President and General 
Manager of the Nicholson P'ile Company, was 
born in I'rovider.ce, b'cbruary 25, 1861, son of 
William T. Nicholson, the founder of the liusi 
ness. In i.Sjg, at the age of eighteen, he 
entered the employment of the Nicholson V\\c 
Company, devoting the first year and a half to 
the mechanical department, and learning the 
different processes of the manufacture of tiles 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



21 



and rasps. He then entered the main office as 
clerk, acquiring a thorough knowledge of the 
book-keeping departments, and in 1881 was 
elected Secretary of the company. He subse- 
quently made numerous trips throughout the 
United States and British provinces in the in- 
terests of the company, widely extending his 
commercial acquaintance. In 1890 he was 
elected a director of the company, and in 1891 
he was made Vice-President. In November, 
1893, upon the death of his father, he succeeded 
to the position of President and General Mana- 
ger, which position he now holds. Mr. Nichol- 



PROVIDENCE. 



The early history of manufacturing in the city 
of Providence does not record the utilizing of 
the water privileges here until about a century 
after other towns in the State had made use of 
the rivers that afforded am|)le water power. 
Dams had been built in Woonsocket, across the 
Blackstone river and other streams as early as 
1666, and in Pawtucket. Westerly, Pascoag, and 
in other places they had built dams and erected 
grist and saw mills at about the same time. 
The first record that we find of similar enter- 





Manufacluring Plants of 

son is also a director in the Union Trust Com- 
pany ; the Providence Banking Company ; the 
Weybosset National Bank ; The State, P',nter- 
priseand American Mutual Insurance Company; 
The Providence, P'all River & Newport Steam- 
boat Comjiany. A member of the Hope, 
Squantum and Agawam Clubs. He served as 
Colonel and Aide-de-Camp on (iovernor l'".lisha 
Dyer's personal staff for three years. 

Goldsmith & Harzberg. — Manufacturers of 
electro-plated novelties and a general line of 
jewelry. Business established in 1900. Works 
located at 43 Sabin street. Providence. The 
members of the firm are Joseph Coldsmith. Jr.. 
and Meyer Harzberg. 



the Nicholson File Co. 

prises in Proxidencc was in 1750, when Col. 
William l^rown and others built a dam across 
the Moshassuck river and erected a grist mill 
and saw mill on the Charles street side, and at 
the other end of the dam on Bark street a paper 
mill was built and operated by Samuel Thurber 
& Sons about the year 1780, and the business 
was continued successfully until i8ij, manufac- 
turing \arious kinds of paper. At about the 
same time there were two more paper mills 
being ojierated in Olneyville. probably located 
on the Woonas(]uatucket river, from which they 
recei\ed their power for operating the plant. 
The most considerable water pri\ilege within 
what is now the city of Providence, is that which 



Hlot.RArillCAI. IIISTDRV Ol- 1111-; MAM' !■ ACTl 



i-ks 



is now being utilized by the Joslin iManiifacturing 
Co. at Merino, which are known as the Merino 
Mills, and this |)ri\ilege has been used tor te.\ 
tile manufacturing lor many years. The grist 
mill at the North luul was carried on for o\er 
sixty years, .\ltei' the pa])er mill on liark street 
ga\e up business, a machine sho[) was estab 
lished here so as to make use of the waters of 
the Moshassuck, which was continued for many 
years under the management and ownership of 
Samuel ( )gden,manutacturing cotton machinery. 
This was built in 1S12, soon after the [taper mill 
was abandoned. The principal iron foundry of 
this period was located wjiere the b'ranklin 
l-'oundryand Machine ( O.'s plant is now situated, 
under the matiagenienl of David W ilkinson, and 
the waters of the Moshassuck river were used 
to operate the blowers for the blast furnaces. 
This indicates that there must have been a 
seconti dam abo\-e the grist mill dam on the 
same stream. Frdui the building of the first 
dam across the Moshassuck ri\er in 1750, the 
town of Providence began to develo]) manufac- 
tures tpiite rapidly, although there is no e\-i- 
dence that the water privileges were made use 
of very extensively, the new industries intro- 
duced being of a kind that re(|uired hand labor 
in most cases. Along about \/>)0 the manufac- 
tured products represented a great variety, 
many ot which are not manufactured here at the 
present time. They included beaver and felt 
hats, this industry beginning as early as 1730 ; 
saddles antl harness, boots and shoes, tan- 
neries, woolen cloth woven on hand looms, nails, 
gin, shovels, scythes, axes and drawing knives, 
clocks, chocolate, soap, candles, carriages, 
gloves, and other articles, which made Rhode 
Island (|uite a formidable rival to the State of 
Connecticut in the variety of its manufactures. 
The great jewelry manufacturing and silver- 
smiths' business of the cit) was begun by .Seril 
Dodge in i7,SiS, who manufactured silver shoe 
buckles, two doors north ol the Hajitist Meeting 
I louse on \orth Main street, and .Saunder Pit- 
man soon after manntact ured a similar line of 
goods on North Main street. This street was 
the Westminster street c)f the town for that 
period and tor tn.iny years afterwards so far as 
business was conccrnetl. It was by far the 
greatest business thoroughf^ire of the place. 
Mzekiel and W illiam Hurr larrieil on the busi- 
ness of sihersmiths in 171JJ, near the Haptist 



Meeting House, on the same street, and 
Nehemiah Dodge in the same year was manu- 
f.'uturing gold rings, fancy jewelry and siKer- 
ware. I-'rom that time on to the [present the 
jewelry manufacturing business developed a 
stead)' growth until now there are upwards of 
two hundred concerns within the city limits, 
making e\ery kind of jewelry in gold, silver and 
brass tliat can ])ossibly be concei\'ed of. in ])at- 
terns and styles of every description, Ironi the 
cheapest [irize [lackage productions to the most 
expensive diamond jewelry. This, to-day, is one 
of the greatest manufacturing industries of the 
city, together with silver manufacturing. The 
other great itulustries are textile and machinery. 
'I'hese three form a giant trio in the line of 
manufactures that has placed the city of Provi- 
dence well to the front of the m.inufacturing 
cities of the world, and which have become so 
much of a fixture here, built upon such solid 
foundations, there is no possibility of the city 
ever losing these industries, at least while com- 
mercial conditions remain as favorable as they 
ha\'e been during the past century. 

After Samuel Slater perfected his spinning 
frame there were a few men in the city who made 
use of his invention. In 1820 there were five 
cotton mills and two woolen mills within the 
city limits, together with two bleachmg estab- 
lishments and three dye houses. The Provi- 
dence Woolen Mill was the most complete and 
extensive plant of all, which was built in icSij, 
producing fine broadcloths, the [lower for the 
mill being supplied by steam. In i8::o there 
were numerous manufacturing concerns in the 
textile line whose business headquarters were 
located in the city of Providence, but whose 
factories were located in different towns through- 
out the State, much as they are at the present 
time. A century ago the manufacturing in- 
dustries were mostly small as com[iared with 
those of the |iresent time, although they were 
considered quite extensive for those days. .\ 
dozen ordinary cotton factories, such as were in 
oi^eration in the State sixty years ago, could all 
be swallowed up in the Royal Mill of Ri\'er 
Point, or the Manville Co.'s Mill of Manville. 
[n other lines of manufactures the growth has 
been et|ually large. The Gorham Mfg. Co., for 
instance, emjiloyed forty hands in 1852; at 
present thev emiiloy o\er one thousand eight 
hundred. The i^rown & Shar[)e IMfg. Co. cm- 
ployed twenty men in 1S57; to-day they em[iloy 
more than two thousand. And so the business 
increased in volume more or less in every man- 
ufacturing plant within the city limits, until at 
present several hundred plants can be numbered 
where large forces of workmen are employed, 
where fifty years ago only a handful of men 
were re(|uired to operate each establishment. 



AND 15USINKSS MEN U1-" RHODE ISLAND. 



23 



Bourn Rubber Co. — Manufacturers of rubber 
boots and shoes. Business established in 1840 
by Bourn & Winslovv. Incorporated in 1901. 
Capitalized for $100,000. I^mploy 250 hands. 
Works located at 49 to 63 VVestfield street, 
Providence. Officers : Augustus O. Bourn, 
President and Treasurer; Harold H. Bedell, 
Secretary. Augustus O. Bourn was born in 
Providence, October i, 1834. He received his 
early education in the public schools of Provi- 
dence, and in September, 1851, he entered 
Brown University, graduating m 1855. l^pon 



The changes in the company management are 
as follows : Bourn & W'inslow, 1840 to 1842 ; 
George O. Bourn, 1842 to 1847: Bourn & 
Brown, 1847 to 1851 ; Bourn, Brown & Chaffee, 
1 85 1 to 1 861 ; Providence Rubber Co., incor- 
porated 1861 ; reorganized in 1894, as the Bourn 
Rubber Co., and incorporated under that name 
in 1901. 

Oriental Mills, (J. P. Campbell & Co.)^The 

Oriental Mills, at the north end of I'rovidence, 
have been over thirty years in existence, and is 
one of the oldest establishments in the city en- 



leaving college, he began manufacturing rubber gaged in the manufacture of cotton cloth, 
goods with his father, 
and upon his death in 
1859, took his father's 
place in the firm. After 



Mr 



continuing in this busi- 
ness until 1864, he then 
founded the National 
Rubber Co. of Bristol, 
R. I., (now the Na- 
tional India Rubber 
Co.) and was its Treas- 
urer from 1865 to 1887. 
This establishment be- 
came the principal in- 
dustry of the town, and 
it still enjoys that dis- 
tinction. The Provi- 
dence concern was 
merged in the new 
company at Bristol in 
1867, and was reestab- 
lished in Its present 
location in 1894. Mr. 
Bourn represented the 
town of Bristol in the 




Augustus 0. Bourn, Ex-Governor of Rhode Island. 



J. I'. Campbell acquired 
proprietorship of the 
])roperty in 1894, as 
successor to Mr. Alfred 
Reed, the mill having 
been built by Mr. 
Reed's father. When 
Mr. Campbell pur- 
chased it, he at once 
set to work at over- 
hauling and entirely 
refitted the premises 
with the latest type of 
machinery and appli- 
ances. He started up 
in the manufacture of 
white cotton goods, 
si>lendidly equipped to 
lead competition, hav- 
ing introduced im- 
proved methods of pro- 
duction, with reduced 
cost of labor, thus 
benefitting the con- 
sumer in every respect. 



State Senate in 1876, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880 and The buildings of the Oriental Mills aresubstan- 
1881. In 1883 he was elected (Governor of the tial structures, conveniently located, and their 
State, and reelected in 1884. His administra- equipment includes 20,000 spindles, 500 looms, 
tion was one of the most progressive that the si.\ty-five carding machines, three pickers, etc. 

A force of 250 hands find employment here, pro- 
ducing an average of 1,500 pieces of white 
goods a week, si.xty yards to a piece. The firm 
sell all of their own goods direct to converters 
and dealers. The company also operate the 
Campbell Mills, engaged in the manufacture 
of fancy woolens at Potter Hill, Westerly, 
R. I., and the Belleville Manufacturing Co., 
manufacturers of fancy cassimeres at Wick- 
ford, R. I. 



State of Rhode Island has ever exjjerienced. 
He was Consul-General at Rome, Italy, from 
1889 to 1893. The town of Bristol is indebted 
to Mr. Bourn for much of the success that it has 
enjoyed during the past three decades. The 
plant on Westfield street is ec|ui|)[ied with all 
of the modern rubber-working machinery, and 
the finest grade of rubber boots and shoes are 
made here and a great variety of patterns are 
turned out. 



24 



IMOCRAI'llKAI. IlISroRN' ol- Till'; M ANUFACTURKRS 



American Ship Windlass Co. — Maiuifactureis 
of all kinds of siiip windlasses, capstans and 
winches, steam, electric and hand ; the noted 
Shaw and Spiegel Patent Automatic Steam 
Towing Machine, which is the only automatic 
towing machine in existence; Automatic Steam 
Riding Windlasses for light-shiiis, working on 
the same principle as the towing machine ; 
Winter's Patent VVharl Drop (".earing; Babbitt 
Patent Stockless Anchors with S[)roat's patent 
improvement ; Barring engines, rubber hawse 
pipe stopper balls, rudder supporters, chain 
stoppers, clamps for hawseis, chain inilicators, 
and other marine a])- 
pliances. Works 
located at the corner 
of Waterman and East 
Rivet streets, Provi- 
dence. The business 
of this com]>an\- wa'- 
established in i''^.v. 
and from the begin- 
ning their |)ro(lucts 
have been in great dc 
mand throughout this 
and other countries. 
As the demand for 
their man u fa ct u re s 
grew still greater, the\- 
have from time to time 
eidarged their plant tn 
meet the increasing 
business, but the real 
boom that thecompau)' 
exj.ierienced (lid not 
come until after icS-5, 
when i-'rank S. .Man 
ton, the present man- 




Frank S. Manton 
ager, took control of the business. Mr. Man 



vessels of our modern navy with the " Provi- 
dence " windlasses, capstans, winches and the 
other aj)[)liances made by this company that aie 
necessary to the complete etpiipment of ui)-to- 
date men-of-war ; that the great majority of 
first-cIass steamers and sailing vessels of this 
country are making use of the machines of this 
company's manufacture, and that the suiieriority 
ot their manufactures has given them so great a 
re])Utation as to create an increased demand in 
foreign countries. This is the result of the 
energy displayed by Mr. Manton in his manage- 
ment ot the atTairs of the company during the 

past twenty-five years. 
About ten years ago 
the Shaw and Spiegel 
patent automatic steam 
towing machine was 
brought out, and it fell 
to Mr. Manton's lot to 
introduce this new in 
vention that was to 
revolutionize the sys- 
tem of towing. These 
machines are now a 
l)art of the regular 
business of the com- 
|ian)- and they form 
one of the most im- 
portant de|nirtments. 
These t<.> wing machines 
are so constructed as 
to make it iiii]iossible 
for a vessel being 
towed to break aw.iy 
uiuler stressof weather; 
it matters not how 
severe the storm, for 



ton, who served three years in i.i\il engineeiing 
belore connecting hitnself with this business in 
1S75, had become thoroughly familiai^ with the 
products of the company, as well as the l)i'o;id 
held that these [iroducts were ad;ipte(l to sup 
ply. and on taking the man;igemetit heat once 
set to work to convince the shi|i builders (jI 
.\merica tiiat the winillasses and c.ii)st.uis and 
other marine appliances made b\- the Anieiican 
.Slii]] windlass Co. were superior to those ni;ule 
in this or any other country. As e\uience ot 
his success it is sufficient to say that the I'nited 
States (iovernment has sn|i|ilicd many o| the 



the cable pays out and is taken in automatic- 
,illy, according to the strain that may be caused 
by the hea\y seas or the wind, or the slack that 
(■omes when the strain ceases, thereby e(|uali/,- 
ing the strain upon the hawser and making it 
perfectlv secure under all conilitions. These 
mai bines are now in use by the leading towing 
companies of this country and the demaml is 
constantl)' increasing. The plant wheie these 
|iroducti(ins are made is one of the largest in 
tiie city, and it is supplied with mie d the most 
perfect ]Miwer ])huits in New T'.ngland, There 
is no industry in the State that is more ot a 
i-iedit to the manufacturing ]iidgress that the 



AND BUSINESS MEN OK RHODE ISLAND. 



25 



State has made during the century just closed which is equipped with a powerful electric 
than the business carried on by the American travelling crane which handles with ease 
Ship Windlass Co. Mr. Manton is a native of the heavy castings used in their productions. 




Works of the American Ship Windlass Co., Cor. Waterman and East River Sts., Providence. 




Setting-Up Department of the American Ship Windlass Co. 

the city of Providence, having been born here This manufacturing concern, under Mr. Man- 
February 28, 1838. The accompanying cuts ton's management, has become one of the most 
give a good idea of the extent of the works, important of any in the State of Rhode Island 
The cut of the interior shows one of the and one that has aided in giving her a world- 
most complete setting-up rooms of the city, wide reputation as a manufacturing State. 



26 



HKXiKAl'IllCAI. IIISTom- ol' I'lll-: MAX('1"ACTIK1:RS 



Rumford Chemical Works. Manufacturers 
of culinary and medicinal preparations of the 
phos])hates including Rumford Kaking Powder, 
liorsford's Bread Preparation, Rumford Veast 
Pt)\vder, Horsford's Acid Phosphate, etc., 
and other sjiecial chemicals. The business 
was established in 1.S54 by (Jeorge !•". Wilson 
and Professor I'., \. Horsford. In iSjy the 
com[)any was iticorporateil as the Rumford 
Chemical Works, the name being given to the 
works and village where one of its plants is 
located, in honor of Count Rumford, the emi 



At the time of the beginning of the manufac- 
ture of the phosphatic products referred to, 
under the [latents of Professor Horsford, the 
only \irtue of any baking powder, yeast or 
other preparation for the raising of bread, was 
its power to make the dough light, none of 
them contributing anything of nutritious \alue. 
Professor Horsford's object was to produce a 
powder that would not only raise the dough, but 
also supply the nutritious elements so essential 
to the healthy condition of the human body, 
which are removed from fine white Hour during; 




"""" ^ 



^M^^^S 





RUMFORD CHEMICAL WORKS. 
Main Offices, Packing and Printing Departments, Providence, R. I. 



nent authority on the means of supplying nutri- 
tious food, who had founded at Harvard I'niver- 
sity a professorship for the [)ur])ose of teaching 
the utility of science, a chair which was occu- 
pied by Professor Horsford from iS47to 1865. 

In addition to the manufacturing ])lant, there 
are also located at Rumford, the comi)anv's bo.\ 
sho[) for making the bo.xes used in its business, 
its carpenter shop, machine shop, cooper shop, 
harness shoj), etc.; also a library established and 
endowed by the company for the free use of its 
employes, and one of its laboratories. The vil- 
lage is comjiosed largely of houses occupied or 
owned by its emjiloyes. 



the process of bolting. How well the Professor 
succeeded in accomplishing his object is shown 
by the statement of the late Baron Liebig of 
(jermany, one of the leading chemists of 
his time, who. in commenting upon this 
])re])aration. said : "1 consider this invention as 
one of the most useful gifts which science has 
made to mankind It is certain that the nutri- 
tive value of tlour will be increased ten per cent, 
b)' this phosphatic preparation." 

The output of the works annually is sut'ficient 
to raise more than 150.000,000 pounds of Hour. 

Horsford's Acitl Phosphate is a li(iuid jirepar- 
ation of the phosphates in a form easily assimi- 



AND 15USINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



27 



lated by the system. It is prescribed by physi- 
cians in nearly every part of the world for dis- 
orders of the nervous and digestive organs. 

The main offices, packing, shipping, printing, 
and binding departments for producing labels, 
circulars and pamphlets, etc., used in the busi- 
ness of the company, one of its laboratories and 
other departments, occupy the company's build- 
ing, covering an entire square in the city 
of Providence, R. I. The Rumford Chemical 
Woks has its branches and agencies in the prin- 
cipal cities of the United States ; also its repre- 
sentatives in most foreign countries where its 
products are well and favorably known. 



add to the attractiveness of the town which en-- 
joys so favorable a location to the city of Provi- 
dence The village is situated u[)on a level tract 
of land containing several hundred acres, the 
New \'ork, New Haven and Hartford Railroad 
|5assing through the centre of this tract, the 
Chemical Works being connected by a s]>ur 
track. Electric lines connect the place with 
the city of Providence, and every convenience is 
afforded the occupants of the village in the way 
of education, by both schools and churches. 
The highways are kept neat and attractive, and 
the many residences that have been built here 
by ])eople doing business in I'rovidence, add 







iisisiift*;;:; ,;rff.i _ : 









^^^0^:i-^:^^^^^::^0m0'::^^^'^i, 



^.. v^i*;,-^yi^ ■ 



RUMFORD CHEMICAL WORKS. 
Principal Manufacturing Plant Located at Rumford. R. I. 



The State of Rhode Island is noted for its at- 
tractive villages, which are in most cases built 
up and supported by one or more manufactur- 
ing establishments, which include Bristol, War- 
ren, Wakefield, Peace Dale, Westerly, Wick- 
ford, Pascoag, and many more, varying in size 
from a mere hamlet to a village approaching city 
proportions. But of all these attractive places 
there are none of them that surpass in many re- 
spects the village of Rumford, where a part of 
the plant of the Rumford Chemical Works is 
located, and which is named m honor of the 
establishment that gives the principal support 
to the place, and makes it possible for the peo- 
ple to build pleasant homes for themselves, and 



materially to the attractiveness of the ])lace 
that the employes of the Rumford Chemical 
Wt)rks have been largely instrumental in build- 
ing up by the cottages that they have erected 
round about the works, and which they are now 
the owners of in most instances. 

What Cheer Wire Works. — Manufacturers of 
wire goods, including bank and office railings, 
brass, iron and galvanized cloth, steel wire cloth 
for coal burning locomotives, wire window 
screens, tree guards, coal screens, etc. Busi- 
ness established in 1882. Works and office at 
157 Dorrance street. Providence. John J. Bishop, 
the proprietor of the business, is a native of 
New York city. 



28 



HKXiRArillCAl, HISTORY OI" TIIK MANUFACTURKRS 



U. S. Gutta Percha Paint Co. — The maiui- 
tacturing industries of Providence are larger 
and more varied, as we believe, than most 




J. William Rice. 
])eo])le are aware of. liuyers in this market of 
almost any line of goods can supply their wants 
at home readily ami more satisfactorily, so far 
as ipiality and price go, than in almost any 
othe?- market. This certainly is true of paints, 
tor ill addition to dealers, some of whom have 
done business here f<ii' years, manufacturers 
ha\'e grown up in our midst who are com- 
manding a good deal of attention both at home 
and abmad. 

Mr. J. William Rice commenced business in 
Providence early in iS()\ as a dealer in chemi 
cals, dye-stuffs and paints, and has been activel}' 
eng.aged in the same ever since. In iM86he be- 
gan manufacturing paints, and adopted the 
name ot the I'. S. (iutta I'crcha P.iint Co., in- 
stead of his own name, as he might \ery pro]) 
crly have done. 

.Mr. Rice is a nati\'e KhiKJe Isl.inder, and 
easily traces his ancestry back to about 1630. 
lie is of tiie seventh generation Irom (,'a])tain 
John Rice, who located in the town uf Warwick 
at the above date. I lis son. Herbert W. Rice, 
is associated with him and is secretar)- ol the 
company. Hoth father and son are actively en- 
gaged in the business, and it is a pleasure to le- 



cord the fact that it has steadily grown from the 
first, and now is one of the largest concerns of 
the kind in New England. The [iremises now 
occupied comprise the whole of a four story 
building 125 feet long, 40 feet wide and is 
located at 18 to 34 Mathewson street, in one of 
the most thriving business centres of Provi- 
dence. The office, salesroom and factory are 
all conveniently located under one cover, thus 
enabling close attention to ami economical 
handling of their large interests. 

The lirst product made by this company was 
a prepared jxiint, the Gutta Percha Paint, and 
on account of its peculiar properties, it easily 
won the enviable reputation of being the best 
that has e\er been put upon the market. Not 
satisfied with the success attending the sale ol 
this product, the concern several years since 
entered ujion the manufacture of white lead, 
painters' colors in oil and materials of all kinds, 
together with many specialties in paints, which 
few it ail)- other companies are able to make. 
( )ur readers will understand that it is possible 
to purchase at wholesale or retail at the office 
and salesroom of the company, 34 Mathewson 
street, e\ ei\-tliiiiu- desirable in iniints at nrices 




Herbert W, Rice. 

which cannot fail to commaml attention. In the 
]iroduction of the\ari()us kinds of paints and goods 
that are used in this line of business, Mr. Rice lias 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



29 



developed one of the most progressive manufac- 
turing plants in the State, and these goods are 
not only sold all over the United States, but ex- 
tensively in foreign countries as well. 

While very busy vvith his own affairs, Mr. 
Rice has found time to do good service for the 
city as a member of the School Committee, but 
further than this he has refused to accept pub- 
lic office of any kind, although he has been re- 
quested to do so on many occasions. While a 
member of the School Committee, he intro- 
duced a system for teaching music in the [niblic 
schools that has proven more effective than any 
other system that has ever been adopted, and 



which is held every Sunday in the vestry of the 
Beneficent Congregational Church of I'rovi- 
dence, as a part of the church work. The 
school was established in 1876 by Rev. J. I'. 
Root, who was its first Superintendent. Some 
time after Mr. Root's death Mr. Rice became 
Superintendent of the school, and its members 
have been under his watchful care ever since. 
Possessing great executive ability he has organ- 
ized a school that has interested these China- 
men and other foreigners, and they are kept to- 
gether in a common desire to learn the ICnglish 
language and the customs of American institu- 
tions, so that they may be fully qualified to 



fV*^'^ 



I?, E E 



iir_. 










^ ifc ^ ^ ;; 1^ « "? ir i? F r 



RICES 
CROWN GERMAN 

^ WHITE LEAD" 




If^ 



GUTTA PERCHA PAINT • ' CO 

'" ^^ I fr i p. Iff. 



SALESROOr 



''^'^'^%, 



Works of the U. S. Gutta Percha Paint Co , 18 to 34 Mathewson Street, Providence. 



his labors in developing a system of drawing in 
the schools were equally well appreciated, for 
the system is now in vogue, and the ordinary 
pupil is enabled to get a good idea of drawing 
and designing far beyond anything that he could 
have learned before this system was adopted. 
He served as a member of the committee for a 
term of years. 

The most striking work that Mr. Rice has 
done in the educational field, which may be said 
to be in the line of philanthropy, is his labors in 
behalf of the Chinamen, Armenians, Syrians, 
and Greeks of our city, who are members of a 
Sunday School to the number of about 125, 



make good American citizens in the best sense 
of the term and at the same time improve their 
spiritual condition. The Chinamen of the city 
and other representatives from Asia all look up 
to Mr. Rice as an adviser, friend and champion, 
and that his work has been successful is shown 
by the high standard of these foreigners in 
Providence. Mr. Rice was Superintendent of 
the regular church Sunday School for twenty- 
one years before becoming Superintendent of 
the Chinese school. There are a great number 
of teachers, in some cases there is one teacher 
for each pupil. No city in the Union has done 
more for its foreign population from Asia than 



HIOCR AI'IIIC.AI, IIISroRN' ol' rill{ M AN L' !• ACTl' R I-.RS 



the CAty of I'roxulcru'c lias tlir(>iii;h this Suiulay 

Sclujol which is under Mr. Rices care. Mr. 

Rice is Treasurer of the ('<)n;;rcf;ati()nal liome 

M issinnary .Society 111 Rhude Island, and a di 

rector (it the Congre^^ational llome Missionary 

Society, which is a national or_i;ani/ation with 
headquarters in New N'oik city. 

Franklin Machine Co.— The tirst business es- 
talilislied on this site is said to have been tor 
the cardiiiLj ot wool some years jirior to 1800. 
Along about 181 J the princi])al iron foundry of 
the city was operated by David Wilkinson in 
this location, and the waters of the Moshassuck 
river were utilized for the operating of the bel- 
lows for the blast furnaces. If the business 



Moshassuck river, and contains between si.\ and 
seven acres of land, a great part of which is 
covered by its various shops and foundries, 
which have been added to from time to time 
tluring the century, as its increasing business 
demanded more e.xtended facilities. I""or many 
years the Moshassuck river furnished ]iart of 
the |iower for the works, but now it is supjilied 
by an e.vtensive steam [jlant. There are up- 
wards of 350 hands employe^!, when the works 
are o|)erateti to their full extent. The long and 
honorable life of this corporation is a inagniti- 
ccnt testimonial to the uprightness of its finan 
cial and mechanical o[)eraJ:ions. Olficers : John 
K. II. Nightingale, President: Mdgar (j. IJur- 
fee, Secretarv and Treasurer. 









iC*' 




Works ol the Franklin Machine Co., Charle.s Street, North End, Providence. 



was not at that time carried on under the name 
of the I'ranklin hurnace Co., it was soon after ; 
was incor])orated in 1836 as the I'"ranklin h'oun- 
(Iry and Machine Co., and reincorporated in 
I 88(1 as the I-'ranklin Machine Co., with .1 c.ipi- 
lalization of Si -'0,000. The principal business 
ot the company has been, Irom the heginning, 
the manufacture of cotton-mill maihinery, 
powei transmission machinery, special niachin 
ery, and iron castings, and the value of its pro 
(liictinii in these lines has been many millions 
of dollars. The location of the corporation is 
now, as always, at uh.it is known as the North 
Ijid in the city ol I'roxidence, Ironting on 
( harles street, lioiinded bv Nichols street on 
the north, and 011 the east and south b\- the 



Ballou Yarn Co. — iManufacturers of machine 
threads, gassed yarns, and specialties. Husi- 
ness established in 1900 and incorporated the 
same year. Cajiitalized for ^50,000. Oflicers: 
(jeorge 11 Morison, President ; lulvvanl K. Hal- 
lou. Treasurer and Manager ; Lawrence ]>ond, 
Secretary. Works located in the I-"ranklin 
.Machine Co. Puilding at 189 Charles street, 
Provideiu'c. I^mploy about 75 hands. Mr. 
Halloii, the Manager of the business, is a nali\e 
ot Providence, where he was fiorn in J.iiui 
ary, 187... 

Schwarzkopf & Solinger. — Manufacturers of 
rolled plate and electro plated jewelry, including 
brooches, sc.irf-pins, rings, etc. iUisiness estab- 
lished in I S(;8 at loo Stewart street, their pres- 
ent locition being 9 Caleiuler street, Proviilence. 
The members of the hrm are Jacob .Schwarzkopf 
and Jacob .'-^olinger. 



7\N'I) 15USINKSS MKN OF RHOUK ISLAND. 



31 



William Gilbane & Brother. — Maiuiiacturers 
of all kinds of builders' materials in wood ; con- 
tractors and builders. Husiness established in 
1883 on Lippitt street, and in 1SS9 they estab- 
lished a plant on .Senter street, which was de- 
stroyed by fire on April 22, 1897. The same 
year they built their present works at 96 Harris 



he was born in September, 1842. Thomas 1*". 
(iilbane was born in Lincoln, K. L, November 
5, 1854. Some of the largest buildings of the 
city were built by this comjiany, including the 
I^ast and West side High School buildings, the 
new wing of the Rhode Lsland Hospital, the 
new wing of the Butler Hospital, St. Joseph's 




William Gilbane & Bro.'s Plant, Harris Avenue, Providence. 



avenue. Providence, which is one of the largest 
planing mills in the State, where the concern 
manufacture doors, sash, blinds, moldings, and 
everything that is required in the line of build- 
ing materials. Power for the works is sup- 
])lied by a 75-horse power Buck-I'^ye steam en- 
gine. Employ about two hundred hanils. 
William Gilbane is a native of Ireland, where 



Hospital, the Convent on Broad street, the car- 
penter work of the State Normal School, and 
many other structures within the State, and 
they are now building the .\dministration Build- 
ing for Brown University, together with the 
residence for President I-'aunce, the new dor- 
mitory, and the new Central i-'ire Station on 
I^xchange Place. 



3-^ 



lUOCRArillCAl 



ISToin' ()!•■ Till'. MANn-ACTURl-.RS 



Clark Manufacturing Co. — Maiuil;ntuicrs of and dresses, luiiploy some 60 hands. In June, 

burial caskets ot e\cry <lescri[)tion. I'actory i8>SS, after a period of twenty-three years as the 

located at 50 Ashbiirton street, the office and si)le owner, I\lr. Clark had the business incor- 

wareroonis corner of Mathewson and Sabin porated, his four sons and himself foiminj; the 



streets, I'rovidence. Cut of the oflice buildinf; 
shown u[ion the opposite page, loliii L. Clark, 
the founder of tlie business, was born in the 
town of Chaplin, Conn., Dec. jj, 1S14. After 
being engaged in various manufacturing enter- 
prises for many years, among them being the 
furniture aiul undertaking business, he was 



corporation, 'i'he |)resent olTicers are John 1.. 
Clark, President; John !•'.. Clark, \'ice-l'resident : 
Albert II. Clark, Secretary, Treasurer and (Gen- 
eral Manager; William H. and l\. Louis Clark,. 
Directors. To meet the demands of the business- 
a down-town ollice, salesroom and warehouse 
has been estabhshed in the three story brick 



called to the city of I'rovidence in the early block at the corner of Mathewson and Sabin 
part of the year i.S()5 by the Itrm of Cleveland streets, which has been leased for a term of 
Brothers to take the management of the under years. I-'.lcgant parlors have been ojiened here 



taking branch of their 
business, and soon alter 
purchaseil the under 
taking de|)artment and 
carried on the business 
on his own account. In 
;i few years he began to 
manufacture caskets ft)r 
the trade, and located 
his plant in the two and 
a hall story building 
known as the old luT- 
gine Building, just north 
of the I lolbrook Bros.' 
]51ock at the j miction of 
North Main and Mill 
streets. After a few 
years new cjuarters were 
secured in the I''.arl I'. 
Mason Building, coiner 
of Smith and Charles 
streets, where steam 
])ower was provided, 
which enabled him to 




John L Clark 



for the benefit of the 
undertakers of the city 
and vicinity. There are 
three floors and base- 
ment, each 60x60 feet. 
Jiasement devoted to 
storage, e.xcelsior, em- 
balming Huid, steam 
heater, etc.; first lloor, 
offices, salesrooms, ship- 
ping room; second floor, 
stock room for silks, 
satins and broadcloths, 
and other dry goods, 
also caskets boxed, etc.; 
third floor, cloth cover- 
ing and storage of un- 
covered cases. Building 
equipped with electric 
elevator. The general 
shipping will be done 
from this point, but the 
manufacturing will be 
done at the factory as 
before, with the excep- 
tion of suits, dresses, and casket linings. About 



begin to manufacture 

on a larger scale. Later secured one-h;ilf ol the 

Holbrook ]5ros.' Block on North Main street, but .^o hands are employed in the new building. 

Providence Electrotyping and Plating Works. 

-Manufacture metallic art work, which includes 



there being insufficient room on account of the 
increase of his business, he was again compelled 
to move, this time to the building now occu|)ied 
bv the Providence Belting Co. on Charles street. 
In i<S<So larger (|uai tcrs were secured at the old 
Seagraves Mill, 34, },() and 3S Ashburton street, 
which is now occupied by the com|nuiy. The 
main building h;is tour floors, 40 x 100 feet, with 
a wing (}f four floors, 40 x 75 teet, and large 
store houses connected. They manufacture in 
adilition to caskets a larjre line of burial suits 



pla(|ues and medallions. The specialty of the 
company is electro plating of all kinds. The 
business was established in 1885, and is now lo- 
cated at 78 P'riendship Street, Providence. 
Cieorge Price, who established the business and 
is the present ]iroprictor, was liorii in Sheffield, 
Lng., Nov. 6, 1839. Came to America in 1868. 
Had learned the art of electro jilating before 
coming to this countrv. Understands thorough- 



AND lUSINKSS MKN Ol' KIIODK ISLAND. 



33 



ly the art of electro depositing of iron, nickel antl 
copper. Mr. Price was Superintendent of the 
nickel plating department of the Urovvii & .Sharjie 
Mfg. Co. for ten years prior to establishing his 
present business. 

Providence Art Glass Co. — Manufacturers of 
stained glass windows, ecclesiastical and domes- 
tic. Works at 93 Mathewson street, Provi- 
dence. Business established by Walter A. 
Watts in i<S95, vvho was born in Aberdeen, 
Scotland, Nov. 3, 1870, where he learned the 
business of a stained glass worker. He came 



small way about 1873 by Rodolph Berry. In- 
corporated in 1892. Capitalized for $200,000. 
ICmploy between 500 and 600 hands. Officers, 
Rodolph Berry, President; (jCO. C. Boyden, 
Treasurer. 

Walter 0. Talcott. -Manufacturer of belt 
hooks for fastening machine belts. Works lo- 
cated at 91 Sabin street, Providence. Business 
established in 1S79. 

British Hosiery Co.— Manufacturers of full 
fashioned hosiery. P'actory at Thornton, K. 




OFFICE AND SALESROOMS, CLARK MANUFACTURING CO. 
Corner Mathewson and Sabin Streets, Providence, R. I. 

to the United States in 1893. Also connected I. I^stablished in [SS4. Incorjiorated in 1889. 

with the Providence Art Decorating Co., fresco Capitalized for $200,000. l-^mploy about 400 

workers, at the head of which is Christain hands. Officers, F. Achelis, President; (ieo. E. 

Twenstrop, who was born in Copenhagen, Den- Boyden, Treasurer; Rodolph Berry, Secretary, 
mark. May 24, 1866. Came to America in 1892. 



Winks located at 93 Mathewson street. 

Vesta Knitting Mills. — Manufacturers of 
latiies', misses' and boys' knit underwear, and 
seamless hosiery. Factory at Elm and Bassett 
streets, Providence. Business established in a 



Crown Carpet Lining Co. — Manufacturers of 
woven paper carjjet lining. Factory at 456 Pot- 
ter's Ave., Providence. Established by William 
A. Mauran in 1895; incorporated 1899. William 
A. Burt, President; Charles H. I^llsbree, Treas- 
urer; Suchet Mauran, .Secretary and Manager. 



(3) 



34 



Hiu(,k.\i'iii( Ai. iiisrom' ni- nil, .\i.\miacilki-;ks 



The Beaman & Smith Co., I'nAidoiue, R. I , 
nKUUilaLtmcrs nt ni.icliuK' tcmls. '1 he en part 
nershi]) nl iH-ainaii Cv Smith was cstalilishcd in 
iSS()by ]-;hiier A. Hcaniaii and (ic(>rt;o II. Siiiitii. 
It was inc(ii"])c)iatcd in |S(>S and is a chisc (.'ni- 
])()rali()n, owned ami lonlrolled eiUiiel\- hy the 
orignial dwners it is eapilali/eci tcii' S lOO.OOO, 
lullv [xiici in. The business is tiie nianutactiu'e 
of tiietai woiicing niaeliine tools, tlie eonipanv' 
mal<ing a si)ecialty ol niilliiii; and i)oiiiig ma- 
chines, ciassed as ■• liea\y maeliinc toois," in 




I'lie factory, as iliiistrated, has been liuiit al)oiit 
two years, and is of steei frame woriv lilled in 
witli l)rici< and ,<;lass, mailing a iight and prac- 
tically lire proof structure. Tlie main ijuilding 
is 2-,o teet iong, 60 feel wide, with extension of 
stoci< room and smitii shop. An electric crane 
serves the erecting tloor, which is 184x40 feet. 
There is also a pattern storage liuiiding, 30 .\ O4 
teet, Idettriiaty is used i)oth for power and 
ligiiling |)ur])Oses, the Sturtevant system of hot 
air for lieating purposes lacing used. The equip 
ment of maciiinery is of im- 
proved, modern construction, 
anci the ])lant as a whole is 
u[)-to <late in every respect. 

American Emery Wheel 
Works. .Manufacturers o t 
all kinds of emery wheels. 
I'^stablished in June, iSijh; 
incorporated the same year. 
Cajjitalized for S40,000. I"'ac- 
tory located at 325 Waterman 
street. Providence. l'.ni[)loy 
ih hands. (Jfticers: Harold 
A Richmond, I'resitlent and 
(ieneral Manager; Walter K. 
Richmond, Secretary and 
Treasurer. Harold A. Rich 



Combined Vertical and Horizontal Spindle Milling Machine. Beaman & Smitli. Providence. 



some cases weighing as much as sixty lixe tons. 
' >ne, a combined vertical and horizontal spindle 
milling machine, is herewith illustrated. They 
employ from sexentyl'ne to one himdieil hands, 
are located aliout one and a hall miles Ironi the 



mond was born in l^rookl}ii, X. ^ .. in 1S71. 
(.raduateot \ale and of the Massachusetts In- 
stitute ol 'icchnnlogv. Was formerly Treasurer 
.md deiieral Manager of the Hall Hearing Co., 
Ill Boston, Mass. Member of the American 



Union Station in the south p.iit of the city, at Society of Mechanical Engineers. The manu- 
the corner of Cordon and Reynoltls avenues. facture of emery wheels has been carried on in 
The pnipertv includes nearly the whole scjuare. this city for many years liy other concerns. 



lUnCkAl'llirAI. II1ST()R\' {)V Till-. MAX ITAi ir R I:RS 



Rhode Island Braiding Machine Company. 

The l)u>.incs,s cit this ciiiii|iany was established in 
1X115, in rooms of the Spirer iv l'i\khain l''oiiii- 




Gilman K. Winchester. 

ihy lUiiKHiiL;, on what is now West I'.xcliange 
street, I'rovnleiue, liy (l. is.. Winchester, A. S. 
ilood and li. H. luhnantis. .About iSdS land 
was broken direrth' in the reai" on .Aborn street, 
and a three story wooden buildini;" <-)f their own 
erected, 40x70, with a boiler house 24x40 ; a lit- 
tle later another three story l)rick addition, 
40x80, was iMiilt. and still later" another addition 



■ir- 






f ^ 


v 




— i- 


(^ 




^llyi^ 


1^^ 


N 



was erected 
the inesent 
in width. 



Benjamin B. Edmands. 

4o\.)5 leel, tliiee stories, inakini^" 
stiucture Jl<) leet in lenj;th b\' 4' 1 



In iS()i Mr. Winchester succeeded in de\el- 
opuij; and adv.uiciny the braiding niaidiineto its 
present ettecti\e condition, which was largely 
the result ol a combination of previous partial 
successes introduced by others, which, combined 
with im[)ortant im|)rovements of his own, ena- 
bled him to construct a braider, simple and 
effective, and thereby introduce to this country 
a new and importatU industry, now tirmly [ilant- 
ed in all of our chief manufacturing centres. 

Incorporated in iSSj. The company make 
any kind of braider that may be rei|uired. 

(iilnian K. Winchester was born in New 
Chester, N. 11., now the town of Hill, March 11, 
1S23. lie learned the carjienter's trade and 
later pattern making. \\ hen the Rhode Island 
Braiding Machine Co. first began business he 
made all of the patterns. Mr. U'inchester, who 
has been President of the companv trom the he- 




Arnold S. Hood, 
ginning, is now President and Treasurer. 

Arnold S. Hood, who was the former Treas- 
lu'er of the company, was born in I'lainfield, 
Conn., .\pril 26, iSjj; died June 21, 1899. Fol- 
lowed the whaling business in his younger da)'s, 
was a l-"orty-niner, s|)ending several years in 
California. ( )n his return home he became a 
machinist, was foieman for the New I'jigland 
Hutt Co. of I'rovidence, until he became one of 
the partners in the R. 1. iiraiding Machine Co., 
where he served as superintendent ot construc- 
tion. Prominent in Masonic circles, member of 
l'ro\i(lence ( enti.d Clulv 

Henjaniin H. lulmands was born in Charles- 
town, .Mass., June 3. 1823. Began his labors in 
life in the pottery business in his native town. 
I'jilisted in 3(1 Mass. vols., infantry ; promoted 
to I''irst Lieut. 54th Mass. regt., colored. Now 
Secietary of the compan\-. 



AND lUJSINESS MEN OF KllOUE ISLAND. 



17 



Walter Coleman & Sons. — Manufacturers of 

descent edge lij^numvita- and white ash yacht 
blocks, tackle l)l()cks. marine haidware, and 




Edward J. F. Coleman, his brother, who is the 
great-grandson of the original John Coleman. 
Mr. Edward J. V . Coleman, the present jjro- 
]jrietor, was born in Providence, I'"eb. 15, 183S. 
Hemg thoroughly conversant with all of the 
details of the business, he has sustained the 
reputation tiiat the house has won by keeping 
abreast of the times in keeping up a modern 
plant so far as machinery is concerned, so as to 
be enabled to produce the very best of every- 
thing in their different lines of manufacture u> 
the most rapid and economical manner. Many 
improvements have been devised for the various 
block-making machines during the past few 
years. This company will have the honor (>f 
making the blocks for the cup defenders of 
1901, as they already have done for the cup 
defenders since 1893, including the Columbi.i, 
Defender and X'igilant ; also the Colonia, Nava- 
hoe, Isolde, Niagara, Athene, and hundreds of 
others. Shipping people say that the blocks 
made by this com|)any are sent to all parts of 
the world. California shipbuilders patronize 
this company as liberally as the ship-builders on 
the Atlantic seaboard. This is indeed one of 
the most important of our manufacturing in- 
dustries. 

Providence Brass Foundry. Manufacturers 
of all kinds of brass, ahuninum, and bronze 
castings, l-'oundry established by John T. Jack- 



Edward J. F. Coleman. 

general yacht supplies. The shells of their fa- 
mous yacht blocks are screwed together in a 
manner that makes it impossible for them to 
come apart ; they are elegantly finished and will 
not stain or rust, and the surface is perfectly 
smooth. Works at 30S .South Water street, 
Providence. One of the oldest concerns in the 
State; founded by John Coleman in IJ/X. Mis 
son, Walter Coleman, succeeded to the business, 
and with his two sons, Stephen C. and William, 
he established the firm of Walter Coleman & 
Sons in 1S21, which name has been retained 
ever since, and which has won a reputation the 
world over for producing the finest blocks that 
are made ni any country, which is a great credit, 
not only to the firm, but to the .State of Rhode 
Island as well. I-'or a number of years the man- 
ufacture of wood well pumps was carried on by 
this company, in connection with their other 
business. In the course of time the sons suc- 
ceeded the father, and u|)on tlie death of Stephen 
(j. and William, Stephen R., son of Stejjhen (i. 
Coleman, came into possession of the business^ 
which he retained until about 1890, when the 
entire business came int<:) the ])ossessi<)n of 



.»v- 






Joseph H. Lee. 

son in 1800 at the corner of l-.ddy and Broad 

.streets, where the Narragansett Hotel is now 

located. In 181^ .A. II. Manchester learned iiis 



,vS 



Hi( )(,KAi'iii(;.\i, iiiMom' < ii 



11 



M.wriAcrrRi'.RS 



trade here, and in a tew \ cai s hecune a |)artncr 
in the business, and later |iurcliased Mi", lack- 
son s interest, lieconiini; sole proprietor. in 




Stillm;iii White. 

KS47, as he needed f^reater and better facilities, 
he built the foundry now occu[)ied by the pres- 
ent owner, at 4O0 l-kldy street. Here his son, 
A. II. Manchester, jr., learneil the trade and 
became a partner in 1850, ami 1807 the entire 
business passed intt) his hands. In 1890 Joseph 
H. Lee jiurchased the business, a gentleman of 
wide experience in the foundry business. He 
Ijegan early in life to learn the trade of a pattern 
and model maker, and from this he launched 
into the machinery and foundry business, and 
has followed it ever since He also devoted 
several years to the study of mechanical en- 
gineering. He was for five years the superin- 
tendent of the I'Yanklin l''oundry and Machine 
Co., of Providence, and for about the same 
length of time superintendent of construction of 
the Riverside and ( )swego Mills, of l''ulton, X.N ., 
besides an e.\|)erience among other machinery 
building and foundry ccnicerns, until he bought 
out the i-iresent busmess. In 1895 he had the 
honor of making all of the castings for the 
yacht " I defender," which so ahh' defended the 
America's cup in the international races of that 
year. The toiindry has always enioyed a re|iu- 
talion f(.)r doing the best ol work, and their lield 
of operations is all o\er the I'nitcd .States and 
iTi many foreign coimtries. Mr. I .ee was born 



in I'lovidence, Nov. 27, 1853. Member Provi- 
dence Association of .^Iechanical l-jigineers. 

Stilllman White. lirass founder at \o. 1 
I). irk street, l'ro\idence, R. I. .All kinds of 
biMss and bronze castings, and manufactiu'er ot 
the .S. White lining metal, which has ])ro\'ed to 
be one ot the liest lining metals now in use. 
The business was estal:>lished in 185(1, and ever 
since that time the products of this foundry 
h.ive been used e.\tensively among the manu- 
tacturers of this -State, and their being so many 
nianutacturers that require brass castings, the 
dcni.ind has lieen .ind is still very extensive. 
Mi. White was born in Canton, Mass., I'"eb. 5, 
i8^_'. .After receiving a liberal education in the 
public schools, he learned the trade of a moulder 
and made himself thoroughly acciuainted with 
the business of a brass foundry, and at the age 
of twcnty-foiu- he began business for himself, 
making a very successful record in the held of 
Rhode Island manufactures, being still active 
in the foundry business. Mr. White rs one of 
the intluetitial men of the city of Providence. 
The citizens of the l^'irst Ward have honored 
him by electing him as their representative to 
the City Council for eleven years, and two years 
as their representative to the lioard of Alder- 
men, and the city has honored him by electing 
him as one of the Representatives to the State 
Legislature, h'or six years he has filled a posi- 
tion on the l-5oard of Fire Commissioners of the 
city of Providence, and has been re-elected for 
another term of three years. Has been a mem- 
ber of the fire departments for over fifty years, 
ami for fort\-tive years a niember of the A. ]•' 
and A. M. ■ 

New England Butt Co.— Manufacturers of 
butt hinges. l)iaiding machinery, and carry on a 
foiuulry business. W orks located on Pearl street, 
I'rovidence. I'",m]iloy joo hands. The com]ian\ 
was founded in 184J, by Nicholas .A. b'enner. 
for the manufacture of butt hinges, an article 
which at that time was imported from Lurope. 
In 1853 the company became incorporated and 
began to extend its scope. Some years later the 
manufacture of braiding machines was taken 
up, and this line, which has grown to very large 
|)ro]K)rtions, together with its foiuidry business 
has almost superseded the manufactiu-e of butts. 
This comi^an)' makes a very complete line of 
braiding machinery for all kinds of round and 
tlat braids, shoe laces, sash and curtain cords. 
The machinery matiufactured b\' the New ICng- 
land Hutt Co, for the insulation of electrical 
wires, from the largest cable to the smallest 
magnet wire, is used by all the large manufac- 
turers in this country and by many in luirope. 
The present ol'licers of the company are: Pres- 
ident — Ilerbeit N. b'enner ; Treasurer- Russell 
W. Knight: .Secretar_\' — I-ldward H. Knight: 
.\gent. loscph !•". Hlauvelt. 



3 

a 



c 



2 

s 








TS. '> .,J''I. >!)*, 1 ! : = - 11' . . I ' " ; ,i,','"4.\ I ■ P" ■■■. IT ' Ji;i-.; ^ ; -.1 i BSfpSMV //a 



\ 






je3 



I PROVI It 

420.0' 







?Sic^ 



Hi^< 



CE . R . I 

O. SPINDLES. 



r^H 




"^^wsiiiiiiBffe' 






.•^Si/*A-f'^ 







Ci-''' 



4-' 



iu( tCKAi'iiirAi. iiisrom- <)!•■ tiiI': maxiM'Aci'I'ri'.ks 



B. B. & R. Knight. — Mimif.iLturcrs ol rottoii 
i;oo^ls, ihcii" Khiidc Islaiul mills bcinj; localoii at 
I'lHUiac (iiKludinj; a l)lcacherv), Xatick, Ui\oi- 




Robert Knight 

I'oiiit, A ret ic, West i.-rly,\Vi)i)n socket, Providence, 
I.ilipitt. I'"iskeville, Jackson, woolen mills at Cov- 
entry Centie. print works at Cranston ; in Mass- 
achusetts, at iJoclgeville, Rea(i\alle, Manchaug 
and I lehronville, making a total of twenty-one 
cotton mills that are operated by this company, 
there being more than one mill in several of the 
towns mentioned. The famous " Frmt of the 
l.oo)ii" is the product in part of these factories. 
Xumber of spindles, nearly 500,000; number of 
looms, over 11,000; number of employes, about 
7,000. There are some fifteen villages whose 
inhabitants derive their livelihood wholly or in 
part from these e.xtensive cotton mills, and the 
con)p;in\' maintains stores for the convenience 
ol their o|)eratives, there being some seventeen 
hundred tamilies to be sujiplied with the daily 
necessaries of life. The comjiany also own and 
carr)- on extensive farms that are located near 
the various villages. The jiroducts of these 
mills are all sold direct tu the dealers, their 
principal head(|iiarters being in Xow \'ork, with 
l)ranches in l'hiladel[)hia, IJaltimoic, liostdii.and 
other cities, hut the entire business ol all these 
agencies is under the direction of the central 
office at Providence, Xo. 5 W'.ishingtnn Row. 
The business was established 1)\- Robert K.iii^;lit, 
who was boi n in Warwick, R. L, |an, S, iSjd 
lie was an ojierative in 1-dislia I lams' cotton 
mill at Coventry when but ten years of age, and 
lor two years prior to that time he was eniplovcd 
in the Cranston Print Works, which he now 
owns, lie remained with the ll.iriis mill until 
he was seventeen years of a^e In iS.):; he was 
employed in the grocer\' stme owned b\' his 
brother. Ik-njamin 15. Knight, in l'|-o\-idencc', but 



alter a two ye.irs' experience he went to West- 
erly and com|)leted his education in the Paw- 
c.Uuck .Academy. Alter teaching school for a 
few iiK)iilhs, he was employed by John II. Clark 
as clerk in his factor)' store at Pontiac, R. I. 
.Soon after Mr. Clark leased his bleachery and 
cotton mill to /achariah Parker and Robert 
Knight at a rental of Ss.ooo a year. In 1850 
the business and property were bought bv the 
linn 'if Parkei- ..S: Knight for $40,000, and the 
next year, 1S51, .Mr. Knight purchased his part- 
ner's interest. I're\'ious to this time the place 
was known as .Arnokl's Hridge, but from this 
time on the place was known as Pontiac. In 
this year then, iS5i,was the beginning of the 
business in the manufacture of cotton goods 
that has develo])ed at this first year of the new 
century 1901, just fifty years, to greater jiropior 
tions than any manufacturing establishment ol 
its kind in the world. In 1852 Mr. Knight sold 
a half interest in his Pontiac mill ami bleacher)' 
to his brother, Benjamin H Knight, (wh(j was 
born in Cranston, R. I., < )ct. 3, i^Cv) ^'"^1 tti'it^ 
year the name ol P. H. & R. Knight was adopted 
as the company name. Henjamin had been in 
the grocery and grain business some seventeen 
years prior to this time, and he had been ver\' 
successful as a merchant, beginning in the town 
of Cranston and closing his business career in 
this line in the city of Providence. The train- 
ing that he receiveil as a merchant, that brought 
out and fully developed his remarkable business 
ability, had much to do in laying the foundation 
for the manufacturing business in which he 
labored with his brother the remainder ol his 




Benj.-imin B. Koight. 

life, lie died in Providence 1 nne 4. i SijS. I-'irm 
now compiised ol Robert Knight, Webster 
Knijiht, C. Prescott Knight. 



AND HUSINKSS MEN OI'" klloDl-; ISLAM). 



43 



Byfield Rubber Co. — Manufacturers of arctics, 
gum shoes, caiuas top tennis shoes, and a few 
specialties, inchiding rubber heels, etc. l-'actory 
located at Bristol, R. I., having a capacity for turn- 
ing out 4,000 pairs of rubber shoes in a day, em- 
ploying some 250 hands. Plant ecpiippcd with 
artesian wells, having its own power and electric 
light plant, lousiness established in October, 
1897, and incorporated the same year. May 11. 
Officers ; l-'red L. Smith, President and Treas- 
urer; Kay (i. Burlingame, Secretary; Terrence 
McCarty, General Superintendent. The goods 
of this company are sold in Great Britain and 
Australia, through their agencies there, as well 
as throughout theL'nited 
States. Fred L. Smith 
was born in Pascoag, R. 
I., December 10, 1865- 
He became a bookkeeper 
and salesman for the !• 
C. Hall Go., printers, of 
Providence, in 1887, and 
ujion the incorporation 
of the company in 1889 
he was elected the Sec- 
retary, which position 
he continued to fill un- 
til the death of its 
treasurer. John T. Kir- 
win, in 1893, when he 
was elected Treasurer, 
Secretary and General 
IManager. Secured con- 
trol of the business in 
1896, when he became 
President, Treasurer and 
(ieneral Manager, the 
jiresent Secretary being 
William V. Lawrence. 
The company is one of 

the leading printing houses of New PLngland, 
their great specialty being lithographic checks. 
They make more than half of the checks used 
by the banks of New England. They are also 
under contract to print the revenue stamps on 
checks for the L^nited States ( lovernment. Dur- 
ing the year ending June 30, 1900, they printed 
nearlv 13,000,000 revenue stamps on checks. 
Mr. Smith is also General Manager of the Knick- 
erbocker Lithograph Go., of New 'N'ork city, and 
Treasurer of the Rhode Lsland Roller Screen 
Go., and a Director in the Second and P'ifth 
National Banks of Providence. 



Colvin Mfg. Co. — ^Lanufacturers of high 
grade machine made cable and eye-glass chains 
for the manufacturing trade. \Lide from gold, 
gold plated, sterling silver and brass stock. 
Works located at 234 Ghestnut street. Business 
established in 1898 by Byron L. Gohin and 
l-'reii B. Thomas. Mr. Thomas was born in 
North Attleboro, Mass., Dec. 15, 1867. Is the 
business manager of the company ; was origin- 
ally a carriage maker. Mr. Golvin was born in 
Goventry, R. L, May 23, 1861. He completed 
the machinist and tool-making trades at Brown 
& Sharpe Mfg. Go. After leaving this company 
he was employed by a number of manufacturing 
concerns, among them 
the Pratt & Whitney 
Go., of Hartford, Gonn., 
and railroad companies 
as rej^airer of locomo- 
tives. Mr. Golvin while 
employed in a chain- 
making shop in North 
Attleboro, Mass., con- 
ceived the idea that' 
tiie city of Providence 
would prove a good 
field for the establish- 
ing of a busuiess of 
the same kind, as there 
was no such manufac- 
tory there, and he pro- 
ceeded to carry his idea 
into effect by forming a 
copartnership with Mr. 
Thomas, and the busi- 
ness of the present com- 
pany was established. 
Mr. Golvin has taken 
out one patent on a 
chain machine which he 
claims is the only machine that will produce 
heavy cable watch chain as good as that made 
by hand. Their machinery is nearly all auto- 
matic, most of it being designed by Mr. Golvin. 

Tockwotton Co. — Manufacturers of nails and 
buttons with solitl leather heads for upholstery, 
saddlery, travelling bags, hunting suits, etc. 
Business established in 1897. Incorporated in 
1899. Gapitalized for 25,000. Works located in 
Providence. Officers : W. R. Talbot, President 
and Treasurer ; A. (i. Talbot, Secretary. 




Fred L. Smith 



44 



HIOGRAl'imWI. 1IIS1( )\<\ 



M.Wl'IArri'Kl'RS 







TRADE M ARK . 



The Joseph Banigan 
Rubber Co. I lie Ins^ph 
r>.ini.i;aii Rulihci ('(Hii- 
])any was oi i;aiii/C(l ami 
iiiL'iii poraU'il ill \ii\cin- 
1)(.T, kSi)(i, 1(11 the inanu- 
lartuic III i-ul>hi_T Innt 
w car. 1 h c \ lie t; a n 

iiianulactui lilt; in laiiu 
ai y, i.Si)7, and siiuc t hat 
time ha\c liccn piiidiu' 
iiiL; all the variety nt 
styles in inliber bouts and shoes and iiuicasiiiL; 
their ]irodiielion each year Ironi the coninienee- 
ment, iimninji; their factory every working day 
since tlie organization ot the company. In addi- 
tion to the regular line 
ot rubber footwear 
they make many kinds 
ot goods of their own 
special invention co\ 
ered with jiatents and 
trade marks, which are 
vei\' ])o]nilar with the 
trade. Their goods are 
imexcelled for ipiality, 
style and tinish, lia\-ing 
at their disjiosal a fac 
toiy operated Ijy the 
most experienced rub- 
ber workers known in 
t h e manufacture o f 
rubber goods, a factory 
modern in e\'ery [lar 
ticular, tittetl up with 
the latest im|)io\e<l up 
toalate machinei y and 
appliances a n d with 
the most e.\penenceil 
ojicratives in e\er)' de 
partment. Thev have 
• ilso e(|uipped them- 
selves with a tactoi")' lor maniilactni ing lasts 
and boot trees under the management ol one 
ot the luost e.\[)erienced List makeis and de- 
signers in the coiinti)'. 'I'hi-. leatuie in itsell 
is ot great advantage to a moilein i iibber boot 
and shoe lactory, as with their own last making 
machinery they can get out newst\les piomptly 
instead ol waiting weeks or even months, as is 
the case wath other nilifier conipauii,-s. and 
allows them to "ive their (.ustouieis the most 




impro\ed and latest styles without anno_\ing 
dela>s. 

1 he Joseph i^anigan Rubber ( 'onqiany facto- 
ries are situated cm X'alley street, Providence, 
and ha\-e a ca].)acity of about 15,000 ])airs of 
rubl)er boots and shoes pcv day, giving emplo\- 
ment to i.uoo hands. The demand for their 
goods has steadily increaseil from the com- 
mencement of manufacturing, keeping this pio- 
gressi\e company always running u]i to their 
lull capacity. Their ]iroduct is sold over the 
wiiole I 'nited States and they have built u]i a 
good business also with foreign I'oiintries, par- 
ticularly Australia, where the Hanigan goods 
are \'ery popular. 

While The Joseph Hanig.m Kubber Coniiiany 
is young in years, its 
management is in the 
hands ot men of wide 
e.\|)erience in the rub- 
ber business. Walter 
.S. liallou, its i'resident 
and (ieneral Manager. 
has tor thirty live years 
l)een closely and suc- 
cessfully connected 
with the manufacture 
and sale ot ruliber 
lioots ami shoes and is 
one of the best known 
rubber men in t h c 
count rv. lie is a na- 
ti\e of Cumberland, 
R. 1., being born there 
March 2, 1849, receiv- 
ing his education at the 
1) e a n Academy of 
branklin, Mass. Mr. 
liallou began his career 
as a rubber goods man- 
ufacturer w i t h the 
Woonsocket Rubber 
Co., where he ac(|uired a com]ilete knowledge 
ol the business, ami perfoinied many years of 
elfu lent ^er\ice in the business department of 
that concern. 

The present officers of the com])any are as 
lollows ; I'resident, general manager and secre- 
t,ii\', Walter .S. l-!allou : treasurer, John J. Wat- 
son, |i ; superintendent. Maurice C. Clark. 
Hoard ol directors: Walter S Hallou, .Samuel 
I'. Colt, |ohn J. Watson, Jr., l-alw.ird R. Rice, 
( 1,11 ence R. ( iuild. 



Walter S. Ballon 



AM) lU'SIXKSS Mi;\ OI- 



IODIC ISLAND. 



45 



After the discovery ol that peculiar gum yield- 
ing tree of South America in 1735, it took more 
than a hundred years to find the secret of treating 
that gum so as to make it of any commercial 
value. Under the Hrst processes the articles 
made from rubber would become sticky in sum- 
mer and so offensive that the odor was unbear. 
ble and in winter the substance became too 
hard. Many an inventor gave it uj) as one of 



process for vulcanizing rubber. When by ac- 
cident he made the discovery that sulphur was 
the prime factor in the process, even at the very 
threshold of success, it still took him ten more 
long years to again by accident discover the fact 
that it required a certain degree of heat in con- 
nection with the sulphur treatment to thoroughly 
and completely vulcanize rubber. This degree 
of heat was not difficult to ascertain, and once 




Plant of The Joseph Banigan Rubber Co., Valley Street, Providence. 



those things that nature did not propose to yield a 
remedy for, and up to 1836 more than $2 000,000 
had been lost in a vain endeavor to prepare the 
gum so that it could be made use of and remain 
the same under all conditions of weather and 
atmosphere. In 1834 Charles Goodyear, a Con- 
necticut Yankee then living in Philadelphia, came 
to the conclusion that he could invent a process 
that would properly treat rubber, and thereby 
give it the commercial value that was desired. If 
he had not been made up of more persistent ma- 
terial than the other inventors his endeavors 
would have been as futile as those that had already 
given it upas a bad job. For twenty-five years 
he labored before he finally discovered the true 



fi.xeii, the success of the rubber industry was 
assured. No State in the Union has made bet- 
ter use of his invention than Rhode Island, and 
the Joseph Ranigan Rubber Co. is manufacturing 
as fine a line of goods as are ])roduced in this 
Country. 

'I'he factory buildings which are located on 
X'alley street, are built in the form of a letter L, 
the main building running about north and 
south, and the wing running east and west. A 
large tower surmounts the main factory near the 
street, and an office building is conveniently 
located near the south and front end of the 
plant. The factory is four stories in height, 
well et|ui[)i)eil with a couii)lete [lower plant, the 
entire floor space ami storage room amounting 
to several acres. 



Hi( )(.k.\i'iiic;.\i, iii.^K )\<\ i )i 



III 



MAX ri'Ac 11 ri;ks 



Almy Water-Tube Boiler Co M inulcuiureis 
lit Al ny s p.UcDl sccthMi.il water tube boilers 
tor sIl' iiiiships, ri\-cr stciincrs, both propcllLMS 





Darwin Almy. 

anil stern wheelers, toi'pecio boats, fire boats, 
N'uclits, lauiu'hes, doiikev boilers for steamships, 
and tor all kiiuls ot stationai v work. \\"orks 
located ijSto 1S4. Allen's A\'eniie, I'ro\idence. 
Husiiiess of the company established in iSSy by 
l)arwm Almy, the President and treasurer. In 
corporated in iSijo; ca])ital S')0,ooo. (>neof the 
best machinery ]ilantsin Xewl".ni;land,espet'iall)' 
designed for this work. Mr. y\lmy was born in 
'i'iverton, R. I., l'"ebruar\- 2S. i,S4S. lias 
been en<;aged in steam eiinineerinj;' since 1879. 
hu'ciited the .Almy walei tulie boiler iti i88ij, 
receiving his patent the lollowing yeai'. The 
advantages claimed for this boiler o\-er the old 
fashioned Hre tube boiler, are saving in weight, 
s|)ace, tnel, sately and (pnck steaming, and that 
this claim is sustained is e\-idcnt from themaiu' 
boilers that have been put in to some of the best 
yachts and boats afloat. .Mi. Almy is a member 
of the following National Societies: American 
Societ)' Mechanical hjigineers, .American 
Society of .\aval I-'.ngineers, The iMiginecrs' 
Club, Society of Naval Architects and M.irine 
b.ngineers; also member of the rro\idence 
Mechanical l'',mrineers, the I'rovidence Hoard ot 



rr.ide, and the R. I. Husiness Men's Association. 

l'"iank I). Almy, \'ice President and Su])Cr- 
intendent ol the Almy Water-Tube Boiler Co., 
w.is burn in ri\'erton, R. I., June 4, \H(>^. 

Walter .S. Almy, .Secretary of the Almy Water 
Tube Boiler Co., was born in Providence. .Aug. 
4. is;(.. 

The special claim ol the compaii)' lor this 
boiler is th.it it was designed to till the following 
essential leatures: Simple in con.striiction, 
perlect circulation, large combustion chamber, 
greatest amount of heating surface possible in 
tire bo.\, the latest and most efficient method of 
separating steam from the water, water in 
sufficient ipiantity to pre\'ent excessive tluc- 
tuation, mud (hum to receive preciintation, e.\- 
pansidii pri.xided tor in every part, accessible in 
all |)arts tor cleaning and re])airs, occupying 
small space, nnn-e.xplosive, of very light weight, 
but of sufficient thickness to insure strength 
,md dural.filitv. 

The heating surface of these boilers is con- 
structed of tubes of the best tjuality of metal. 
.All manifolds, return-bends, elbows, and V fit- 
tings are of the best ipiality air-blast malleable 
iion, and from their own s[.iecial patterns. The 
steam dome and water reservoir are of the best 
lap-welded tube. 

The base of the single tube boiler consists of 
a continuous manifold, e.xtendingalong each side 
and across the Ixick ot the boiler below the 
grate. .At the to]) is a similar manifold extend- 
ing along the sides and across the front, and is 
connected to the steam dome outside of the 
casing. 

To form the he.itmg surface are a series of 



i' 



^■ 




Almy Water-Tuhe Boiler. 

sections m.ide up with tubes connected together 
by elbows, return bends and Y tittings ; these 
are connected to the top and bottom manifolds 



AM) lUSIXI'.SS MICX Ol-' RHoni'; ISLAND. 



47 



by unions. The .sections at the side ri.se from 
the bottom manifold to a pro[)er heij^ht to form 
the crown of the fire-bo.\, they then e.xtend half- 
way across the fire-bo.x, returning back to side, 
thence up, connecting to top manitold. 

The sections which form the back of the fur- 
nace rise from the back bottom manifold to a 
height sufficient to cross over above anil at 
right angles to those that form the crown of the 
fire-bo.x, to the front, then returning back, then 
to the front again, and connecting to the toj) 
manitold which extends across the front. This 
forms the heating surface of the boiler. 

The water heater consists of one or more 
layers of tubes connected together by return- 
bends, forming one continuous tube, and rests 
on the top manifold. 



height to fcjrm the crown of the tire-bo.x ; they 
then extend one-half way across tlie tire-box, 
then returning over themselves to the side again, 
then up and connecting to the to]) manifold. 
There are also two rows of tubes at the back 
of the furnace ; these rise to a jiroper height 
to pass over the side sections connecting to the 
top manifold at the front. 

The casings are made of sheet metal put to- 
gether with angles and through bolts ; angles 
having their flanges outward. The ash pan is 
connected to the base of the casing, making a 
tight bottom and [jart of the casing of the 
boiler, and is made of sufficient strength to sup- 
port the whole boiler. 

The casmg is lined with the non-conducting 
material and this faced with either sheet metal 




Plant of the Ahiiy Water-Tube Bo 

The top manifold connects at the bottom oi a 
vertical separator, and this is connected to the 
horizontal water reservoir extending across the 
front of the boiler. 

The down-flow tubes connect at the bottom 
of the horizontal water reservoir, extending 
down to the bottom manifold at each side of the 
furnace. 

The design of the double tube boiler is the 
same as the single, with the following additions ; 
There are two rows of vertical tubes rising from 
the bottom manifold at the side, one back of the 
other, they are connected together by a four- 
way Y fitting ; these tubes rise to a jirojier 



iler Co., Allen's Avenue, Providence. 

or fire-brick, as is best suited to the jnirpose for 
which the boiler is to be used. 

The heating surface of these boilers varies 
according to the size, height of the fire-box, 
number of sections of water heater, whether of 
the single or double tube type, or the double 
tube with two furnaces. 

These boilers are designed for 250 .pounds 
steam pressure. P^ach of the sections which 
form the heating surface of the boiler are 
tested at i,oco jiounds hydrostatic pressure 
before they are assembled in the boiler. 

All boilers are tested at 500 pounds hyilro- 
static pressure before leaving the works. 



4'^ 



1511 )i,K.\rilk Al. lll.^li)K\ 111'- nil. MAMl-'Al 1 L kl.kS 



Davol Rubber Company.— This i.oni])aiiv was 

ost;il>lishe(l in 1S74, incntpdratcd in iSSj as 
1 )a\()l Mamifactiii iiij; C'li., and in 1.S.S5 it was 
ilecitled that as the prddiict nt their wMrks was 
a special line of rubber j;o(i(is, ciin)[)lete in all 
it> branches, the name ol the cutuein sIkhiM 
iiKire ftdly desii^nate the chaiacter ot its j^oods, 
and accordini^iy in January that year, a petition 
tor an amendment to the ch.irter was granted 
by the (ieneral Assembly, chan«;ini; the name 
to the Davol Rubber ("ompanv, its present 



sively, and the amount of crude material used 
every year by this company alone is very laij^e, 
owint; to tlie line cpiality ot their [iroduct. The 
machinery and general plant were all |)Ut in 
with especial reference to the production of 
their line, and all its parts complete in every 
detail, whether of rubber or metal, and the 
reputation foniuality and workmanship attained 
by this concern, evidences the success with 
which this has been done. New machinery and 
additions to the factory have been made as 



M" 



."^ 



I 







'-■*'• '«: 



^^MM 









^xm^^~ 







\ %X:^i:&^lX^'^ 



V 




\'- 




.^^srai^ii.ja^.- -. 



Works of the Davol Rubher Company, Point Street, Providence, R. I. 



title. The l)a\()l Rubber Company's enlire 
product are what is termed by the trade, fine 
rubber goods, embracing the varied assortment 
used by diuggists, surgical and <lcntal depots, 
the stationery trade, and all the liner grades of 
goods entering into the rubher trade generalh', 
in tact their line of nianulactures is unlimited, 



occasion reipiired, including the new office 
e.vtension just completed, and the com|)any can 
consistently state that they have the best 
equipped and most commodious plant, for the 
manufacture of their' line in the I'nited .States. 
When the company first begun the nianti- 
lactuie ol their goods, manv articles in the line 



and aside tiom Ijoots, shoes and clothing the\- were im|iorte(l into the country, some of them 

are constantly turning out e\-eiy v.iriety of suit extcnsivelv, but the character of the goods 

and h.ird rubber woik known to 1 he t rade. Into n.anufactuied here soon disjilaced the foreign 

all these goods pure I'ara rubber enters exten- make, and m,iteii.dl\' enlarged and e.xteiuled the 



AND J5USlx\i:SS .MEN OF RIIODK ISLAND. 49 

home production, besides making a name for forta1>lc sjirini^ made, and wlicn once put in 
the goods which today stands at the head. I'his place it is sure to remain permanent witiiout any 
company does exclusively a manufacturing busi- pussihiliiy i<\ Ineakint; dnwii or i^ivini; any 
ness, disposing of their product directly through trouble. i'liey make other springs, but lliis is 
the leading Jobbing Mouses of the United their leader. They are made, like their mat- 
States and Canada, and through their large tresses, to tit an\ stxie and size oi bedstead, and 
export trade distribute their specialties largely iliey are sold extensively to tlu- w liok'sah- trade 
through South America and .Mexico, as well as of Soutiiern .\e\v JCngland. .Mr. I'.urt is a 
Europe, Australia, China and Japan. As native oi' 1 'roN-idenee. he having lieen liorn here 
the trade of the company calls for the manu- ( )ctober i. i.S5(). lie is the sole owner of the 
facture of a large variety of special rubber goods, btisiness, and gives his personal attention to 
requiring distinct tools, moulds, dies, etc., for every detail of the larior\ and tlie sales (K-i);irt- 
their production, this feature of their business ment as well, and by this means he is enabled to 
has received due attention, their machine shops (ind out just the class of goods Uv is producing 
being fitted with the most modern and u]) to and the re<|uiremenis of the tr.ade that he is en- 
date machinery, with the most skillful workmen deaMiring to Mippl\. 

to be obtained, for the rapid and accurate exe- r /^ ^ , -, ,, ^ 

, 1 . .1 • . -^i I • 1 J- C. Tucket, Jr. — Manufacturers of sash 

cution of any work ot this nature with which 

they may be entrusted. '''""'■^' '''""■^ ""'' ^■'''••""^. '■^''"'- "^ ''"'^'; ''"' 

liouses : also does a large johhiiig mill business. 

The William Sweeney Co.- Manufacturers of i^^.,,,^,^ „, ^,,,^^, ^,.,^j„ and' carries .m a general 

all kinds o, mattresses, spring l.e.ls. pillows, ^^,,^^. ^^^^^, ,,^^. ,.^^^^.^.^j _^^^,_.^^ ^^^.^^.^^^.^ .^^ j,^^. ^^^^^.^^ 

cots, cushions, and ilo a Lieiural line of iiphols , ,■ , i,- 

. ,, ,. - - , 111,- 'o'" '""'i' Iioclcets are located at the .South I ler 



1 )oek, .\arragaiisett Tier, R. 1.. his planing mill 
ami stores bein^ situatt'il a littU- west of the 



tering. t'arr\ a full line of feathers and bediliii 
supi)Iies, and are ik'alers in brass and iron 
bedsteads. The business was established by 

William Sweeney in iS(u), who develoi.ed an 'l"^'!-' "i^ '^"'^^ ^""l himber being hroughl 

extensive business and a reputation for niaiui- direct to his works by schooners, enal)les him to 

factiiring the best mattressi'S that were m;i(K- in do an e.\teiisive business and compete with any 

the state. I 'iioii the death of .Mr. Sweeney. Mr. of the large houses in his line in .Southern ,\'ew 

Fred 1!. r.int purchased the business, and he h'ngland. A too-horse power 1 1. arris-Corliss 

has not onl\ iii,iiut;iineil the excellent reputation steam engine, and two hori/ontal tubular boilers 

that was established by the originator (jf the ^vith a combined cajiacitv of joo-horse )iower 

business, but he has increased the volume of the furnish the power t'or the plant, which is 

out])Ut. and added nian\ new articles to the list equipped with inodeni inachiiier\. including 

of manufactured goods that the house h.andles. planing machines, moulding inachines. lathes. 

Jlis plant and office is now located at J_'0 h',dd\ band and circular saws, grinding machines, 

street, I 'rovidt'iice, where he has put in ihe most sha\ ers, sash .am! blind in.iclunes, etc., making 

ni)-to-date ;nid niodevn feather in.icliiiier\ , ma- 't one of the most conqilete establishments of 

chines for the manufacture of mattresses, its kind in the st.ate. The business was estab- 

sjjrings and other .articles. This is probably the lisheil in 1 S40 by Joshua ( h,-ini]ihii, ,ind lau-r 

most c-\tensi\e m.ittress .iiid spring bed m.anu- owned 1)\ Rodman \- laxlov, then b\ 1 )aniel 

facttiring est.iMishmeiit in the st.ite of Rhode Sliernian, later b\ Jeremiah I'eckhaui, then by 

Island. The fiexible spring bed made bv this Clark &; Cottrell, later b\ Willi.ain C. Caswell, 

concern is one of the best ni.ide in this couiitr\. tlu'ii b\ Tncki'r vV I'artelow. ,ind Mr. Tucker 

being attached to a \\oo(Kii fr.iine so .is to bought a one-half interest in the busiiu-ss in 

stretch the w'wv -pring taut enough to ))revent l.'^Si, the estate of J. \. lla/ard owning; the 

it from sa^L;ing when the \\eit;hl of one or more other half. Joshua C. liicker. Jr.. was born in 

l)ersons is put tqion it. I'liere are more of thi-. X'arragausett Pier. R. 1.. June H), 1X^4. Since 

style of sjjring used throughout the country at he became ( ieneral Manager the business has 

the present time than any other spring niaib . increased in volume to a large extent, llemain- 

because it is the most convenient and most com- tains a large hardware store in Wakefield. 
(-1) 



HUK.RArillLAI. IIISIURN' ( )K llll-; M A M ' IWriL' RICRS 



Joslin Manufacturing Co.--Maiuifactuicrs of l<K-att'<l .m ilu- W m, inasi|uatuckct River, with UK- 
all ilk- Uailiiii; liTU- in Uihiilar and Hal >licic ^^K■^1 watn- pinilr-c- ni tin- cn> of I 'li i\ iiK-nrc. 
Iai-i>. alsd a \aruu c.f -latid liraicl> ami cnr-M-l Tlu- oUkt nnll> an- jnoaud in tlir lown ni 

SiilnaU-. willi ;^ihii| watir |iri\il('m ^, liul iIk-n 
ail- all ri|ni|i|ii-il with au\iliar\ >toani pnwor 
plant> so as tn |irii\ii|e ai;ain>t Inw water in ilrv 
wc-atlu-r. IIr- mtna- iirnjKrly ci>ni]irisrs sc\iTal 
hnnilrnl ai'ro i if I'arnnnL; land, and a vnt'ticient 
nnnd.rr 'il l^■nenu.■nt^ I' ir the ' >3< i eniplnyes. All 
.■I the nnlls ,ire r(inneeli-d h\ trolley, the new 
l'ro\idenre anil UanieKnn l\ailwa\. the hne 
innnniL; \er\ near each taetory. 

.\lr. hi>lin was lirnui^hl n|i in the niannlaelnr- 
\i\i^ linsiness. hi-- lather heini; in the textile hnsi- 
ness liefiil'e hnn, and hi~ ]iersi^tent endeavors 
in this line h.i\e cirL;anized one ol the Largest 
|)hnils in the eoninr\ dexcted to the nianntaetnre 
ol --hoe and eorset laee-^. and which is a decided 
credit lo the slate of Rhode Ulancl. In lSi|_:; the 
coni|i.an\ eslahlished in 1 'ro\ ider.ce .an e\tensi\e 
tinishini; plant ni the IJectric.al IhhlclinL; on 
Stew an si reel, and at one time there was a com- 
plete estalilishinent in the ( 'aleiider I'.nildin^- and 
-till another p.irtial |ilant on haldy street, hnl 
ihrse were tin.ihx .all l>roni;ht toi^ether. so that 
(he imlls illiisir.iti.'d on the o]iposite ]ia^e contain 
.all Ol the ]il.anis laprescaHed li\ Mr Joslin. .\lr 
loshn's s,,ii. \\ illiani |1. Joslin. who was horn in 
Sciln.alc-. U i,. \d\endier 7th. 1X74. is Assistant 
< icner.ai .M.anauier ■ if the Imsiness Mr, loslin 





^^ 




1 








^^^^L ^^^ 




w 


%l 




R.^a_ 


l»t 


.'■flSfiiii 



William E. Joslin. 



la.-es. their -oods heniL; s, .Id direct lo the trade 
ihrouudioiu the coninr\. therehv ,L;i\inL; the 
consinner the .ail\aiilau;i' of hn\in;4 a- diiaa-t 
from the maimfaclnrer .as is p.issihle. W ilhaiii 
I-"., loslin. ihe rresideiil of the com]ian\. wlm 
was h' irn in |ohnst,.n. R. I . \l.aicli \ i,. 1S4J. 
I'stahlished the hiisiness m Richmond. .'~^onth 
Scitnate. h' ! ,. in lS(i3 I'he hilsiiiess w.as 
iiici irimrated 111 ,\la\. iSoj. .and cons, .lid.ated in 
i.S,,.), Mr. joslin l)eL;aii 111 .a sm.ill wa\ with 
joii hr.aiders. .and as llic hiisiiiess he-.an 
lo ^row nil lie hr.aidei's were .added iroiii 
lime to time, until .at the present lime iheia 
ari- J.Soii hraiders m oper.ilioii. hesides a 
com]ihte spmiiiiiL; iilaiit. where ilie\ spill ,ah 
tif their own \.arns. with ahoiit jS.ui 1: 1 spindles. 
the hraidinu machines m.akiiii^ ahoiit 7.viio< 
spindh-s. in .addition t.i llmsf 1 if tlir spin 
niiiL; mill Ihe \.arns .are all dxed in tlu 
Rielmiond and ( l.awille .Mills, .aii.l .all of the 
rmishiiiL; Is lioiie ill the .\leriiio .MilK ,if |'r,i\i- 
deiice. ilie latter heiii;: the larL.;i-st est.al ilishmrnt 
owned h\ ihe coinp.ain . the main ottice heiiiu: 
located lure. I liese mills ,aie considered one of f,, 
ihe liesi m.anmactnrmu; plants in the siale. heiiiL; Mills 




William H. Joslin. 

as also the ionii<k'r of the William h'.. |oslm 
■ * '■'' later known as the I'.linwiiod 




^:i-^.-;^s^m^^5iSS^:^^ ^ 



Joslin Manufacturing Co., Providence, R. I. 



;j i;i()(,R.\l'llU AL lllSl(iK\' Ol' Till-; MANLl'ACTL'KI-.KS 

The American Screw Co. Manufacturers of iliinist, \\a-> i-lcctrd TrcasurLT of the comi)any. 

in '11 screw- m' all kiiul-. liiisiiu-ss rstalili-lud I'liis riiiii|iaii\ vnffi-ml a luss nl .'?_>o.ooo as 

in |anuar\ iS'v'<, a> tin- I'lMvidcnrr Scrrw (..,, -rltlciin iil inr iiifrinL;x-iiU'nl . ui the I'icrMiii 

uilh a capital of S-M.imhi. h- |iriiui]ial iiumi- ].atriit. iii llii- iiiaohiiKTy piinliasrd Inim the 

]"Tatnr hciiiL; ( Kiiu-iit < >. Krad. wli'i had i 'im\ idc lu-c Siaaw ( n, Althmii^h a ,L:rc-al 

lirrxidtish made w ■ i. id M-rrw- in a wini; "i the -ctliark to llu- pn lori-,., ,jf the CMiu-rni, they 

( iciu'va .Mill. h'hn (..nliani and William i 1. ci 'iitiiiiu'd tn can-\ . m Inisincss, and in 1S4O they 

.Viii^ell were anmii- the (.n^inal iiUi n]" .ran n-. h. in.L;lit the patent mw ned l>v 'riintnas J. Sloan nn 

The iiiachiiier\ tiseil 1)\ this ci>ni]ian\ was a special form nf -unlet pninted screw, which 

claimed as the iiueiitiMU "f Mr Read The '^aM' the cdinpanx a liooni in lnisiiiess and 

factcaw was Imill ..n the i-ast sule .if the' M..slias- .ili.iwe.l them l.i keep pace with ..ther c.incenis 

suck River, near Kamlall street hri.l-e, winch ilial hail Irie.l t.i iiitr. i.lnce the L;inilel p.. int. 

uinied out twi-iit\ L;r.iss i.f screws a da\ , In |-r..iii the int r. ..liict i. m ..f this jialeiit .kites the 

the fall of iS.'.S an.itlier screw c.iiiipan\ was pri.speril\ and rapi.l ,>;riiwtli nl the oiiiipany, 






J<^^-.^ 



.ii:;:^?'!^^: '--Ms 



!;s.Sa 























-Sm;-}' 







American Screw Company's New England Mill, Eddy Street, Providence. 



iiri^ani/eil an.l chartereil as the l'".aL;li' Screw ('.c, ahli.iiiL;h snmc- chan;.;es wer./ iiecessar\ m hrini;- 

lliere lieini; sevenle.n in.', .rp. .ral . ns. iiuhiiliiiL; mil; their ina<-lnner\ n > c. ml. nin t. . the piiiici| iles 

hihii (icrliam. lanus llninpliri\ s, Jnlni I'rii.- . .f 1 he .si. .an p.iteiit, llierel>\ lmn in^; the c. unpany 

t..r, ranl.in Miller. W ilh.am t. \ii;..;cll :nid ihe waln.ahle ] .r. ..liuMi. .11 llie\ w.re seeking- t.) 

|aliez •i.irhani. \nth..n/e.l .apilal. SJt.iki.i. pr.»liu-e 

The snhscriheil cipilal .it lirsl ani.nnile.l t.. In (icl..her. 1S411. the .\ew l"n;4kin.l S.-rew 

S^(i. 11(111. and was s.inn r.aise.l 1.. S^n. umi .Ma- I .> was .iri^,aiii/ed an.l cliartere.l with a c.ipital 

chiner\ w;i- purchased . .f tli.' I'r. .\ i.len.-e .^crew ..I S_'i i.. .1 « 1, I hei'e wcr.- leii inc. .rj i. .ran irs. 

(■,,.. ami in iS.jn. the eiitiri' pr.iperl\ . .f this mcln.linL; ( nlleii \\hip].le. Ilenrx ll.ipknis an.l 

cmpaiu was s, ,ld 1. 1 the l',i;.;le .^criw ('...their ll.veki.dt W illard. the latter heiiiL; elected 

null ha\inL' hiiriied .and th<- enterprise pr..\m,L; hcisiirer . if the c.imii.nix. the Inisiiuss heiiii^ 

iinpr.ifitalile. William 1 1. \n-ell was elecle.l csialihshed in .a -iii.all hinl.hnL; < m ( aii.il street. 

.\L;eiil iif the l''.aL;le .Screw ( n.. and |,nnes ( iiUeii Wliipi.le. w h. 1 had heeii in the emplnx 1 if 

llinnplire\s. a fi inner inni f.iimdir and ma- ihe I'n .\ i.lenc.' S.aew I'.i., was an inventive 



AND l^USINl'-.SS MKN Ol' RIlOl)]'; ISLAND. 



53 



genius and priKhiccil a nnnihcr iif iniportani 
inventinns in the- iiiu- of MTi-w-niakini; niacliin 
iTv. 111.' iiail a niacliinc fur nittinL; tlic tiu'C-ads 
t)f screws wliicli lie proposi'd tin- nrw omipanN 
should use, which was pati'iUcil Ant^ust iS. 1S4J. 
April (>. iS4_^. his niachinr fur >ha\ini;- the heads 
of screws was jiaiented, and April H). 1^4.^ hi^ 
device for reniuNini; the burs left in cutting; the 
slots in the heads was patented. TIh-m- three 
jiatents were assigned to the \e\\ h'.ni^land 
Screw (11. In lS5_^. 1S54 ami \X^(< Mr. Whi])- 



Co. In October, 1X44, authority was f,'raiited 
to increase the capital to Sjoo.ooo ; and in < )cto- 
her. i<S45, a still further increase of capital to 
$,^00,000. In iH(x) tile l-"a.!,de and New Ens^dand 
(.\iini)anies were consolidated as the American 
Screw Co.. with a caj)ilal of Si. 000,000. Offi- 
cers : Williani < i. .Vui^ell. President and Cieneral 
Manager; Albert < i. .Xni^ell. his brother, A<jent ; 
F.dwin (i. Ani^ell, Treasurer, who was the son 
of Williani ('.. .\n!.;ell ; Williani II. I lenderson, 
."-^ecrelar^ . The new company boiii^ht uj) other 



])le invented ;ind p.atented seven other machines and smaller concerns, and tin;dly became the 
<ir dexices for improNiiiL; the mannf.ictnre of owners of a factor} in I bamilton, < int.ario. .-md 







■/>'•.-, 

■-*■ 



S' 



American Screw Company's Eagle Mills, Stevens Street. Providence. 



screws, all of which were also assi,i,'^ned to the 
same comp;in\. In 1X41 the Xew l*Lnij;land 
Screw coinpam \\;i> anthori/ed under a new 
charter to increase their cajjital stock to $30,000, 
and the business placed under the manaijement 



another in Leeds. h'.n,i.;laiid. .\t present the 
coni])an\ owns only the three f;ictories located 
in the cit_\- of rroxidence. The l'.a\ State Mill, 
on the north side of .Stevens street. w;is built in 
rS7,v 111 ^^7'* t'"-' capital stock was increased 



of .Alexaniler !lodt;es. he beiu- elected Treas- to ,^3. 250.000. Since that time sever.al cli;mscs 

urer and .Xgeiit. The old statue buildinsj; at the have taken place in the lis! of otTicers. the i)rcs- 

corner of I''.<ldy and I'riendslhp streets was cut otificers liein- ; (.'lark Thurston, President; 

leased, where Inisiuess was carried on until ahoni ( Icoriic \\ . Thnr-toii. Tre;i>nrer ; W illi,-iiii .\. 

\H^2. when the Xew luiqland Mills were built (■fanstou. Secretarx : James .\. Xealey. .Xtjent ; 

on I'.ddv and what is now Henderson street. IkMijamin Thurston. ( iencnil Superintendent, 

extending through to .\llen'> a\emie. and ad- The comp;in\ ,at preseiU are doing an extensive 

joining the proper! \ of the I'rovideiu'e .M.ichine Imsine-s in the mamil.-ictm'e of wood and ma- 



54 



iMocRAriiKAi, msrom' oi- Tin mami ACTrKiiKs 



I'liinc scri\\>. >t<i\c Imlls. lire hcilt;-. ri\^■l^ aiiil 0( mslniriK m. tin- ilinKn>ii ms ln-iiii^ fxjxjcx) ffi'I. 

kiiidrnl ;iriii'lrs. llu' wnrks hcing kt|il \rr\ This is said I'l lir ilu- l:irL;<si manufacturinj^ 

t.ns\. llu- nuirc hui-i- m' (■iiipl(i\i-s In-in^ aluml i>lant m llu- I nitnl Males iK'm.UiI whnlK lo this 

1,400. 1 hi'si- i^rtal siTiw iiiaimfarluriniL; rslah- hiu- ■ il' Imsincss. ( imjils si iliMari^rK ihr. ni^hiun 

hslinu-nls, aiiiiiiii^ the larL;rst m llu. wmiI,!. arc ihis (■(>iiiili\ aiul ( anada. and (|uiir a fun-is;!) 

aiiliiiiL; the li-adris , >\ llu- lar^r iiiaiuUaiHiriii^ hiisiiuss has hrni luiill n]p. llu- ]iii\\\r is su])- 

I'l iiu-(.-nis (ii tin- Slau nl khdik- jshmil, whu'li |>iiL-d hy a 3odiiirsi.- pwwrr stcain ciiL;iiK-. fnun 

ha\-i- kc|>t pan- wilh llu- inanh i<\ iin>L;rrss m ihr l■^\^t^-I■ .Mai'liiiu- Works, ,.1 |-'..\(.ti.-r, .\. II. 

llu-ir liiu-, and wlmh lia\i- ilcmc nnuh in llu- \\a\- Corp Bros. — Manufacturers of bicycles at 40 

of cn-alinL; oiu- of th(- iiiiist useful ariii-K-s ihai Mathewson .street, l'ro\-idence. The only real 

niaii\ of llu- trades ,iie railed upon to use e\ieu manufacturers of bicycles in the state, with a 

^i\el\. complete plant for producing; the different parts 







M I 









i-tr 






lite 



I, ?ii 



S ;.Bt 
I 






















American Screw Company's Bay State Mill, Stevens Street, Providence. 



American Tubing and Webbing Co.— Mannlae- of a bicycle Husiness established in 1S1J4. 
lurirs oi silk .lud i-oiii,ii (l.isiK wells. i,il sio\e The "Corp" cycle is the name of the wheel 



wicks, lle\il)le ;;as-liL;lil liibiiii;. el.'istie -ariir 
Web. etc. I'llsiiiess i-sl:ililislied ill iS.^;;. j n 
eor]iorali-d in iSijii. ( .-ipiKili/ed lor .Skiii.uou. 



Works loi-.iled .U '10 li. I115 1 loidon \\eiiile, |une J^, I S7 1 
1 'ro\ ideiUe, |-liiplo\ 100 li;inds, I Ifficers 
1 '. Le!\o\ 1 iresser, 1 'ri-sidein ; l.orin .\1, 1 dok 



they 111. ike. which has had an extensive sale 
thnuighoiit the L'nited States. Ilenr)- forp 
was born in i'rovidencc, June jS. 1S57; 
'''rederic W. (.'or]) was born in I'rovidencc, 



A. Carpenter & Sons Foundry Co. — Iron Cast- 
ings of all kinds. fUisiness established in iSG^ 



Tn-.-ism-er : .\l . II , ( 00k . ."seirei.irx ; Xliiediald liy Ah'a Carpenter, incorporated July Ji, 

.\ell. Ceiu-r.il .\lana-er. Iluir lu-u bruk '^'/'- ^'^'P'talized for j;ioo,000. Found'ry lo- 

,- , .-11,1 ■ ., cated on West l-,.\chaiiire street. I'roxidence. 

l.utoi\ was lniislu-(i 011 ( .ordon a\ciiiu- 111 1 Si |( .. 11 ,.1 1 , >,v \i r^ 

■ . , l-.mploy 12; hamls. ( )tiicers : Alva Carpenter, 

p.iri oi wliuli is ibree storu-s. ilu- r<-in.nndei I'resident ; ' II enry A Carpenter, .Secretary and 

bi-in;' two stories in lieiL;bl of nnsii.-dh sti-,,nv Treasiiri'r. 



A\l) HUSINI'SS MF.N ( )1' RHODI-; ISLAND. 



55 




the "Loxit Sash 



International Burglar-Proof Sash Balance and 
Lock Co. Maiuifacturers of the "I.oxit" Sash 
Balance and Lock, "Loxit" Sash Swinging At- 
tachment, etc. The history 
I if Rhotle Island manufactur- 
ers beginning with the Twen- 
tieth Century, would not be 
complete without including 
Balance." The perfection of 
the mechanism of this device has been proven 
by the most severe testing, and the possibility 
of its getting out of order is so slight that it 
need not be considered. Not in any other part 
of construction work has so little progress been 
made as in that of working and securing win- 
dow sash, but in the "Loxit Sash Balance" 
everything that can be desired is found. The 
necessity of meeting the existing conditions be- 
comes apparent when we consider the statement 
of a Chief of Detectives of one of our large Amer- 
ican cities, who says that "over ninety per cent 
of house entering at night is done through un 
locked windows." The risk of burglary is en- 
entirely removed by the use of the "Loxit." 
The contentment upon retiring, together with 
the security against thieves, brings to our mind 



"Loxit" to all who endorse it. This is one of 
tlie most important inventions now being 
brought out within the borders of the state- 




Outside of Lock. 

the fact that when an appliance of this kind is 
needed, it is needed badly. \Ve are confident 
that gratitude will be extended by users of the 




Inside of Lock. 

Architects and builders unanimously recom- 
mend this new invention, and they are being 
put into most of the new houses where perfect 
construction is desired. The accompanying 
illustrations give an accurate idea of the con- 
struction and operation of the lock and accom- 
panying appliances. By simply pressing a but- 
ton the window may be raised or lowered at w-ill; 
and in every |iosition it remains locked, so that 
it cannot possibly be raised from the outside, 
•and it is imjiossible to leave it unlocked. Can 
be applied to any window, old or new, and it is 
certainly the most economical and substantial 
window fastener made. 

The corporation was organized under the laws 
of the State of Rhode Island as the Inter- 
national Burglar-Proof Sash Balance and Lock 
Company, antl is capitalized for $200,000 with the 
following officers : Ilenry S. 
S[irague, President : Ldmund 
B. Delebarre, \'ice-i'resident, 
and Eugene !•". Bowen, Treas 
urer. The home office and 
factory of the company is located in the Man- 
ufacturers Building, loi Sabin street, Prov- 
idence, where working models are on display. 




^"SH BA^.^*^'' 



5<> 



ItX.kAl'llUAl, IIISIUKV ()!■ rill-. .M.WflACll'KKR.S 



Silver Spring Bleaching and Dyeing Co. — ( )r 

gani/cil in 1S64, uinlcr a charter uf the 
State of Rhixle Islaml. with Ilciiry I.iiipitt, 
I'lesitient. and Charles H. Merriinan, Treasurer. 
Messrs. l'"rieze and I )o\v had been rarryini; on 
the business of bleaching cotton cloth on 
Charles street in I'rovidence since 1X50. The}- 
employeii about Jj hands with a monthly pay 
roll ot S500. Their work bore an emiable repu 
tation for white 
ness, which was 
attributed to the 
excellence of the 
water used. The 
plant and the l>usi 
ness of Messrs, 
l-"rieze and Dow 
wx-re purchased as 
a nucleus for the 
new c o m ]> a n y. 
Buildings were at 
once erected hav 
ing a floor space of 
2.S,7jj square feet, 
anil suitable ma 
chinery was pro 
vided for the pur 
[lose of bleaching 
and dyeing cotton 
cloth. The com 
pany derived its 
name trom a noia 
blc spring, situated 
just west of the 
works Its water 
is of great clear 
ness and jnuity. 
which, together 
with the water of 
West Ri\-er which 
flows through the 
pro|iert\-, was well 

adapted for the jnirpose of a bleachery and dye 
works. Pure water is one of the essential ne- 
cessities lor the success of such ati est.ablish 
ment, and this plant has been well favored in 
this respect. I-'iom time to time, as the Inisi 
ness of the c^'mpany has increased, and the 
waters of West River became contaminated by 
the waste of the mills situated .above the wcjrks, 
lurther su[)plies were needed. A d.uii was 
erected across West Ri\er. and two large reser- 



\-oirs on the west side and one on the east side 
were constructed to furnish the re(|uired water. 
A number ol years alter borings develnped the 
fact that water could be obtained by driven 
wells which ha\'e since furnisheil a large sup])ly 
ot great clearness and [unity. In 1.S71 Mr. 
Merriman resigned the treasurership of the 
com])any and was succeeded by the eldest son 
of the piesident, Charles Warren Rijipitt. l-"rom 

that time to the 
])resent there has 
been a continuous 
development ami 
enlarge ment of 
the establishment. 
From a Hoor sjiace 
of 28,722 scjuare 
feet in 18^14, it has 
been extended to 
an area of 242,142 
square feet, or 
about 3 ' J acres. 
It gi\es em[)loy- 
ment to 575 o|)era 
lives, with a month- 
ly pay roll of about 
S20,ooo. In 1S77 
the business of 
printing was added 
to that of bleach- 
ing and dyeing, 
anti from time to 
time buildings have 
been erected and 
machinery of the 
must improved and 
httest tyjie has 
been put into oper- 
.ition for this ]iar- 
ticular branch. The 

„.,,,, T ■.. i^ ^ < r,u J I 1 J power of the estab- 

Charles W;irren Lippitt, Ex-Governor of Rhode Island. '. 

lishment is sup- 
[.ilied lioin two separate boiler plants, whose 
conibuied horse [lower is rated at 3300. 
Thiciugh the medium of Corliss engines and 
elettric motors, the transmission is made to the 
uKii hinery of the concern The officers are 
President, ( harles 11 MerriTiian ; Treasurer, 
Ch.irles Warren l.ippitt. Charles Waiien l.ip- 
pitt, the Treasurer ol the conijiany, was born in 
I'rovidence, < 'ctober S, 1846. (iradu;ite of 
ludwn I 'ni\ersit\', class of 1803, lie betjan 




7 



03 



W 










5 8 



iU()(">R.\riiic.\i. iiisTom' i )\- 



III 



M.\\ri-'.\( TURIIRS 



business in i8()9 in his father's ol'lice in connec- 
tion with the Social Manufacturing Co., Silver 
S[)ring Hleaching and Dyeing t"o., and the Lip- 




Dexter B. Potter. 

pitt Woolen Co. In 1^X71 he was elected Treas- 
nier of the Silver Sj.iring Hleaching and Dyeing 
( o., and has held that position e\er since. In 
1S75 and 1876 he was elected President of the 
Franklin Lyceum, and during the same \ears 
when his lather was ( lovernor of the state, he 
served as C(.ilonel and Chief of the Personal 
Staff. In 1878 and i88i) lie ser\-ed as \'ice- 
I'resident, and in 1881 and i88j as I 'resident of 
the l'ro\idence Hoard of 'I'rade, and in 1880 he 
was elected \'ice- President of the National 
Hoard of Trade. In 1881) he was elected Presi- 
dent of the Social Manufacturing Co., which jio- 
sition he still holds. His entire business life 
has been connected with nianufacturini; enter- 
prises conducted within the State of Rhode Is- 
lanil. In 181)4 he was chairman of the Re|)ubli- 
can State Convention. At \', 11 ions times he has 
ser\'ed as ( hairnian of the Republic. m Cit)- and 
Congressional Conventions. lie was elected 
< lovernor ot Rhode Island in iSii; and w.is re 
elected in 189I), his terms ot service de\elo])ing 

much that was of \-alue to the state. Lver)' 
(|uestion o| im])oi"tance recei\'ed the l<ind ol 
careful and conscientious consideration that 
made his administration a po|iiilar one. 



The Providence Telephone Co.— The Provi 
dence Telephone Co., was organized in 1S80, 
with Menry Howard as its first President, and 
Charles T. Dorrance, its first Treasurer. It 
began business with a capital stock of 5.35,000, 
which in 1895 was increased to S6oo,00o, and at 
the|)resent time, A|)ril ist, 1901, the ca[)ital 
stock is SI ,()0i),ooo. The conii)an_\' was incorp- 
orated the same year that it was organized. 
The compan\- supplies the telephone service for 
the entire .State of Rhode Island as well as a 
part ot .Southeastern Massachusetts, the total 
number of stations now reaching 7685, of that 
number 4026 are located in the city of Provi- 
dence. The company have erected substantial 
buildings in Providence, Pawtucket .md Xew- 
liort, the Hroad street station in Providence hav 
ing lieen completed this year of lyor. Hesides 
Hroad street the company have branches in < '1- 
neyville and Last Providence. Upon the o])po- 
site jnige is shown the headquarters of the com- 
pany in a structure of unique design, which was 
begun in 1811J. andis situated on the east siile 
of I'nion street lietween Westminster and 
Washington streets. It is of the Italian renais- 
sance stvle of architecture, the first stmy being 




AUiert C. WhUe. 

built of granite and Imliana oolitic limestone, 
.md the last two stories of buff brick and white 
terra cotta, m.ikini: it one of the most strikintilv 



AND BUSINESS MEN UE RHODE ISLAND. 



59 



attractive buildings in the city, but unfortun- 
ately located in a place where its attractive 
features do not show to good advantage, although 
in an excellent place for carrying on thebusiness 
that it was intended for. The main entrance 
is flanked on either side by ionic columns of 
polished granite, and the first Hoor of the build- 
ing is used exclusively as a telephone pay sta- 
tion, well fitted up with booths for local and 
long distance service, with an a]iartmetit for the 



iron pi[)es, which are laid about three feet under 

ground, through all of the principal thorough- 
tares of the city, with manholes located at 
more or less regular intervals, these conduits 
now amounting to 135,646 feet throughout the 
whole city. .\t the building the cables enter 
the cellar and are carried across antl sus])ended 
on heavy iron frames, and thence to the tower, 
which was l)uilt for the purpose, and in this 
thev are carried ti> the upper Hoor and from 




Providence Telephone Building 

storage of telephone and either electrical appar- 
atus which are kept constantly on hand for im- 
mediate use. The second floor is devoted to 
the main ofifice of the company, directors' room, 
the President s. Treasurer's and General Mana- 
ger's rooms. The third floor is devoted to the 
electrician's operating department, the distrib- 
uting room and private rooms for the lady op- 
eratives, in the form of cables some 12,000 
wires enter the buildin"; throush cement lined 



, Union Street, Providence. 

tliere to the distributing room where the twehe 
thousand wires are separated and connected in 
a proper manner with the switch board, making 
it possible for any Providence subscriber to be 
connected with any of the more than 100,000 
subscribers of the various e.\changes. which in- 
clude the long distance as well as the local ex- 
changes. The work of la)ing the underground 
conduit system in the city of Providence was 
begun in 1892. and now that it is completed, ami 



6o 



r.K KlRAril 1( AL 1IISI()R\ ()|. IIIl.; M.WIM'ACTI'RI-.RS 



ill of the branches well established, the I'mvi mysteiies of the field of electricitv that was at 

leiice Teleiihoiie Company may be saiil to ha\e that time being oi)ened for ]ieriisal by any one 

)ne of the best telejihone [)lants in the I'liiled who hail the disposition and sul'ficient under 

■itates. In August, iSgj, lv\(iovernor llnw staiulini;- to master the business, lie was final- 

ird resij;ned as I'resident ot the com]>any, and ly emplnyed by the .American Telegraph Com 

le was succeeded b)- llenr_\' C Cianstim as pan)' ot l'r(>\'idence, in iJeceniber, 186;;, remain 

'resident, and .\Ibert ( >. .Morgan, of llostim, as in<; with th.at comuanv and the rninn Tele 



St; 

a 

h 

I'resident 



I 
lert ( K .Morgan, of lloston, as 
\'ice President. In i.SSi , Charles T, 1 )orraiue 
resigned, and .is his successor, Charles T. llow 
ard was elected Treas- 
urer. I'pon i\lr. Cran 
ston's death, l)exter 
H. Potter was elected 
President, who now 
holds that position. 
Mr. Potter is a native 
ot -Scituate, R. P. he 
having been born 
there August 2:;, 
1S40. Mr. Potter has 
held many of the town 
offices of Co\-eiiti)- in 
which he has lived 
foi inan_\- years, rep 
resenting the town 
in the <'ieneral As 
sembly in i,S7i .-unl 
iSjJ, and as .^cnatoi- 
from that town in 
KS73 and 1S74, ;iiiil 
again as rejjresenta- 
tive to the Ceiieial 
-Xssemljly from the 
same town from i 87(1 
to I,S7,S. Tu(i of the 
latter years he was 
Sj)eakerof the I bnise. 
In I i<~i) he again lep 
rented the town of 
Coventry in the .Sen 
ate. 'I'he growth ot 
the extensi\'e service 
of the company has 
nearly all been developed under the manage- 
ment of Mr, .\ll)crt C. White, who was elected 
Cieiieral .Superintendent in 1.SS4, .oid in i.S>)i) 
was |)romoted to the ollice of Cienei.il .M.inager 
Mr. White is a native ot b'.ill Rivei. M.iss , 
where he was born June jS, i,S4i. He tirst be 
;.ui active life a-- 




Telephone Building, Newp 



:mber, 1S6;;, remain 
ing with th.at company and the I'nion 'Pele 
grajih C(i, until the spring of iSSi, at which 
time he accepted the jiosition of electrician of 

the Providence Tele- 
jihone Co., which po 
sition he hekl until 
1S.S4, when he was 
elected Sujierinten- 
dent of the comjiany. 
His general oversight 
of the business dur- 
ing the i)ast few- 
years, when many 
miles of conduits 
were being construct- 
ed, new stations be 
ing established, and 
a general e.xpansion 
of the business tak- 
ing place in nearly 
every direction has 
]iroven wise and effi- 
cient in every ]iar- 
ticular, for during all 
of this time the ser- 
vice of the companv 
has been kept up li> 
the highest standard, 
notwithstanding all 
of the changes that 
have taken |ilace in 
improving the facili- 
ties of the com])any, 
so as to enable them 
to meet the increas- 
ing demands of the 
business. The ac 
comiianyiiig views of the telephone buildings of 
Newport and Pawtucket show them to be sub 
stantial stinctures, with sufficient rooi 



lort. 



handliii; 
tcK 



le jN, 1S41. 
i;.ui .n.ii\t iinj as a messenger bo\' in theserv ice 
of the Cnion Telegra|ih ( o., in Pall River, whcie 
lie devoted all ot his eneri;ics to Ici"-- •'• 



Miniiii' the 



)m for 
^ the business of their sections, and the 
telephone building recently finished on Hroad 
street. Providence, is e(|ually substantial and 
commodious, which will give this [lart of the 
city as good service as any other ]>art ot their 
eNtensive ten itory 



AND BUSINKSS MKN OI'" RlloDI-; ISLAM). 



6i 



A. Burgess & Son. Manufacturers of leather 
belting, raw hide and leather pickers, loom 
strapping, and carry on a general mill sup- 
ply business, lousiness established by Al[jheus 
Burgess in 1835, probably the pioneer business 
of its kind in Rhode Island. Works located at 
692 North Main street, Providence. Upon the 
death of the founder of the business his son, 
Ale.xander ]5urgess, became the owner and car- 
ried on the business under the same name, 
Alexander's son, I^dwin A. Burgess, in time 
having an interest in the concern. Ujion the 



as is made in this country, a large percentage 
of their production being sold to the (jorham 
Manufacturing Co., which in itself is a sudicient 
guarantee that they produce the best of work. 
The remainder of their output is principally in 
the New England -States. Business established 
in iiS/j. Works located at i6i Dorrance street. 
Providence. Employ 15 skilled workmen. 
Plant equipped with every modern ai)pliance 
that is required in the art of glass cutting. The 
members of the firm are as follows : John K. 
DeCioey. born in Apponaug, K. I., December 




Telephone Building, Pawtucket. 



death of Ale.xander his son Edwin still con- 
tinued the business under the old name. Ed- 
win A. Burgess, who was born in Providence, July 
31, 1842, died Eebruary 12, 1900. The business 
is at present being carried on for Mrs. Burgess 
under the management of .Alphonso D. Marsh, 
who was book-keeper for the firm from 1887 to 
1892, and is thoroughly ac(|uainted with the de- 
tails of the business. 

Hope Glass Works — Manufacturers of all 
kinds of cut glass table ware. This company 
makes as fine and artistic line of cut glass ware 



20, 1870; William DeGoey, born in Apponaug, 
R. I., March 27, 1872. Some of the goods 
made by this firm are examples of the most ex- 
quisite workmanship. Their goods are bought 
from the glass maker in blank form and their 
workmen produce the various patterns that are 
made by their designers. 

James D. Minto. — Dyeing, winding and spool- 
ing. Business established in 1894. Works lo- 
cated at Manton, K. I. P^mploys 100 hands. 
James D. Minto was born in .Scotland, .April 
15, 1849. 



6 J 



HIM(,R.\1M1IC.\I. IIISIORN- ol'- Till'; MAX l' lACTT R l-.RS 



A. L. Sayles& Sons. .Mamitactureis ot t.iiu)' 
cassimeres aiul worsteds, ami carriaiie clotlis. 
l''actnrv Idcatccl at I'ascoag, R. I }{m])liiy 305 




Albert H. Sayles. 

lianiis, proiluciiiL; 14,000 yards iif cloth per week. 
Husmess can ie<l on imdeithe management ol Al- 
bert 1 I Sayle^•, who is a n.itive of Pascoag, hehav^ 
ing been born there M.iich J5, iSoj. The mill 
structure is the largest in the town, built ol 
vranite, antl known as the ■'dranite Mill." It 
is situated in the centie ot the \-illage. The 
main stnu'tuie is a massi\-e three and tour stor)' 
building uith a high tower in the centre on the 
street sitle, and this main building is surrounded 
by a number ol comp.mion buildings where va- 
rious processes ot the manufacture are carried 
on. The total length of the main building is 
350 feet. Albert 1.. Sayles, who was known as 
the ])atriarch of the woolen business of the town, 
ilied lanuar)- 30, 1891^, and since that time the 
l)usiness has been carried on by the heirs under 
the name that hail been ado|5tetl betore his death, 
under the management of his son Albert 11. 
-Sayles. Ired I.. .Sayles, the manager of the 
Fred I.. Sayles Co., is the other son who has an 
interest in the business. .Near the site ot this 
mill, I )aniel Sayles, the grandfather ol .\lbert 
11. Savles, erected a building for the pnr[iose of 
fulling and dressing cloth, in 1.S14 The larm 
ers brought their homespun cloth for him to 



dye, full and finish, ami he did this line of work 
so much better than they could possibly do it at 
home he soon established a good business. He 
hiter put in a c.irding machine, anil in the course 
ol time he con\erted his fulling mill into a 
woolen f.ictory. In 1S19 Harden Sayles, his 
son, became the owner, and in I S34 began the 
manufacture of satinets in company with his 
brother, I'itts Sayles. After some changes, 
.\ibert I.. .Sa\-les bought lus uncle's interest, 
and the lirm name then became Hartlen .Sayles 
iv St)n, which was in i<S53. L'pon the death of 
his father in iSiji. .Mr. .Sayles pulled down the 
old mill, ani.1 erectei.! the [iresent structure at a 
cost of about 3250,000, which included the mill 
ec|uipment. After [.lurchasing the interest of 
the heirs, the business was carried on under the 
name of .\lbert I.. .Sayles until iSSy, when his 
two sons became associated with him an<l the 
present name of .\. L. .Sa_\les ^: .Sons was 
atloptetl, 

Fred L. Sayies Co. — Manufacturers of wor- 
steds, fanc\' cassimeres, cloakings, and kerseys. 
l'"actoiies located at I'ascoag. R. I. Incorpora- 
ted in iSyij. Capitalized for S60, 000. I'.mploy 




Fred L. Sayles. 

22-, hands. Officers: Albert II. Sayles, Presi- 
dent and Secretary; h'red I.. Sayles, Treasurer 
and Cieneral Manager. The business of the 



AM) HL'SINKSS MKX Ol' RIIODI-; ISLAM). 



63 




-t it 



I 71'' !I ??!''"»»«Mni:4 




Factories of Fred L. Sayles Co., Pascoag, R. I. 




Factory of A. L. Sayles & Sons, Pascoag, R. I. 



64 



lUodK.M'iiu .\i, iii.siokv ()i- nil. mamI'Ac i iri:rs 



company IS carried iin muler Ihc man. it^eiiicnl 111 vilKillc lia> lucii ninn- or lr<s noir.l a-- a 

l-'red I,. Sayles who was born in i'ascoa;;-, April |iiii(lnrir .if mitdn and w.i.iliii lalivirs. In llic 

1 ^, 1865. These mills are located near the rail- \cr\ caii) jirriod alnn^ almnt 1S14 tlu- i:nniir>' 

road depot, tacinj;' the main street of the town, wim-n \\ii\c nin^i ,.i' tin- falirio wdrn in ilmse 

the new ot'lice ol the company beinj; sitnated at daw. Km hanicl Sa\ii^, a ]ir(it;enitnr nf ihc 

the extreme lett ol the plant, which is one ol the ^a\K'^r- iimw m ilu- nianui'ainu'in^ lin>inc~> ni 

most np-to-date and commodious mill orilces in I'a^cnaj;, hail crccu-d in that |ilacr a laiildiiiL; i^r 

the State. The mill buildings are situated on itillini^ and dt■^■^^inu; wmKii clutli, tin- iariiicr> 

the edge of the mill [)ond somewhat lower than ..1 tin town l)iinL;in,L; m tluir h.iiiirN|aiM i^.hkIs 

the street, which gives them the api)earance of to \,c d\(d. inllfd and linislu-d. I'nr tin appliances 

being much smaller than the\' really are. These of hi^ null prod nerd a nnu h hiur article than the 

buildings with the oitice form three sides of a lionviv\nr coiiM possibly ]iroihua- in tlir liomc. 

sipiare, a high tower surmounting the end ol the wiili her i-rndc s\siriii. which wa^ iln-n in u--c in 

main structure. The tront of the mill is three ncarlx i.crv coniiirx homr oi that sn'tioii. 

stories, but on the rear it is tour stories in irom llii^ fullini:; mill tin- u'l'tat wonKn maiiu- 

height. The shmter wing with the tower is laclnrini; iniln--lr\ of the plaic has dcx cIo|nd. >o 

binlt of stone up to the thirtl stoi}', wliich is that toiia\ I'ascoaL; i^ Ioim^cI upon a> one of the 

built of wood, the stone part oi this struct lu'e Liieat textile cetUers of the state. I )aniel Sayles 




A Glimpse of the Manutactuiing Village of Pascoag, R. I. 



being a part ol the old mill, which is undoiilit >oon lUei put a <>o(il i-.irding inachine into his 

edly the oldest existing factory structure in the mill, and the farmers broitvlu their wo.il to be 

town of lUirriUville. The remainder ot the mill carded, the lilier iieitiL; far superiiir to that 

buildings are built of wood with stone basements, produci'd b\ ilie old hand carding process. 

covered with tin roots. Taken as a whole this .<pinniiiL; iranus ww inlrodui-ed after a time, 

may be said to be one of the most uji-to-date te.\. and the farmers wrvr enabled to ^et al! of the 

tile [)lants in New- Mngland, producing upwards m.itenal lucess.arv lor the iiroduction of tluir 

of 5000 yards of cloth a week. The |iower plant .'.inter's supph of wo, ,Irus fr, ,in ouisi,K- s, atices. 

is very complete, the buildings are well equiiiped Put the weaviii- had to be .lone on the old ciini- 

with automatic s[)rinklers, and a force puni]), to- iK-rsome liand loom. Iliis, however, dul not 

gether with a large water tower or tank, affords i,.,.i |,.u-. f. ,1 ver\ soon the jiower loom io,.k its 

further jirotection against tire. This site is taid place, .and the old hons,- l,M,nis were sawed iiii 

to have been used for some kind ot textile busi- f,,,. tb-i-w, ,, ,,1. luwer ag.iin to be called upon to 

ness since 1.S09. do scrxice in behalf of luaiikiiiil llarrisville is 

PASCOAG, R. I. the next place of iin]ioi-iance s,, f,ar as inatinfac- 

I'asciiag. Ill I'.uri lib lUe. I\. I . is the u;ieatist I'lriiiL', is concerned, while there are other 

center f<ii- iiiannfacttirin;:; of aii\ loe,ilil\ in the loc.dities tli.it li.i\i' contiibuted largel\ to the 

t'lwn. I foiii its iiiaiiL;iiration ;is a town, I'.iir- •iiamtfactiirini; pros]K'rit\ of the town. 



AND 15USINKSS MEN OF RHODK ISLAND. 



65 



William H. Prendergast. — Manufacturer of 
fancy worsteds for men's wear. Business es- 
tablished 1896. Factory located at Bridgeton, 
near Pascoag, R. I. I'^mploys about 160 hands. 
Works at present running night and day. Power 
is supplied to the amount of about 75 horse 
power from Clear River, and from a 75 horse 
power Greene engine. The plant is equipjied 
with up-to-date machinery in every department, 
and the mill edifice is a substantial wooden 
building, supplied with a water tower which 
affords ample protection against fire. William 



he remained until he purchased the mill pro- 
perty represented by a cut on this page, and 
began the manufacture of a line of fancy wor- 
steds that have met with a large sale. 

Stone Worsted Mill. —Samuel Mellor, pro- 
])rietor. Manufacturer of fancy worsteds for 
men's wear. Business established under the 
firm name of Mellor & I'rendergast in i8go, 
and in 1894 Mr. Mellor bought out his partner's 
interest. Since that time he has been carry- 
ing on the business on his own account. Mr. 
Mellor was born in Iluddersfield, I'",ngland, Jan - 




William H. Prendergast's Worsted Mill, Bridgeton, R. I. 



n. I'rendergast, who established the business, 
was born in Ciloucester, R. I., September 6, i860. 
He learned woolen manufacturing by practical 
experience in the mills at Burrillville and other 
places, and about 1890 began manufacturing 
worsted goods in the old Stone Worsted Mill 
in Pascoag, in company with Samuel Mellor, 
under the firm name of Mellor & Prendergast. 
He sold his interest to his partner in January, 
1894, and soon after began manufacturing 
worsteds in the old mill of the American Worsted 
Co. of Woonsocket, on South Main street, where 



uary 9, 1862. Came to America with his |)arents 
when two years of age. He learned the wool- 
en manufacturing business by practical experi- 
ence in the mills of Pascoag, and for a number 
of years was a weaver in the mill that he now 
operates. The mill is well eciuipped for the 
manufacture of fancy worsteds, and is located 
in Pascoag, R I. I'.mploys about 140 hands. 

Woonsocket Brush Co. — Manufacturers of 
jewelers and mill brushes. Business established 
about 1870. Walter S. Thayer, proprietor. 
Works located in \\ oonsocket, R. I. 



()0 



lUOCiKArillCAI. IIISroRN' OF Till'. M ANUFACTl ' R1;RS 



William Tinkham & Co. Maiuitaclurets of taincd to the niamifacture of woolen goods. 
faiK'v worsteds. I-'actory located at 1 larrisville. Probably no manufacturer in the State has ac- 
K I Husiness established in 1S56 by William ([uired a better knowledge of the art of manu- 
facturing woolen goods. In i<S56 the firm of 
Steere & 'I'inkham [Purchased the Harrisville 
mill proi;>erty, which was owned by Jason l^mer- 
son, for some 530,000. The machinery was 
moved from their Mapleville mill, more sets of 
machinery were adtled, and they continued the 
manufacture of satinets on a more e.\tensi\e 
scale. .\ S20,ooo addition was built in KS57, 
100 feet in length, for dyeing and other pur- 
poses. Passing through the financial crisis of 

|<S57 very successfully 



Tinkham and Job .S. Steere I'actory burned 
in iSy4, New factory built in 1^9^. which is 
one of th(5 best woolen ])lants in the .State. 
William 'Pinkhani was born in Harmony \'il- 
lage, (jloucester, R. 1., July S. 1S23. Me com- 
pleted his education in what was then the 
Smithville Seminary in North .Scituate. After 
learnmg the blacksmith's trade of his father 
and laboring for a number of years on his 
father's farm, in 1S44 he enteretl a store as 
clerk at (ireenville, R 
I., in which capacil) 
he served until he 
bought out the busi- 
ness wdiich he carried 
on until 1X5,1, part ot 
the time having a part 
ner. After this ex- 
perience in the mer 
cantile line, he was 
emjiloyed for a short 
time as clerk in a com- 
[lany store at Wake- 
field, and in July, 1X53, 
he hired a woolen mill 
at Ma])leville. R. 1., in 
company with Job .S. 
Steere, and began the 
manufacture of jcms 
and tweeds. They be 
gan with one set ot 
machinery, but soon 
after put in another 
set for the manufac- 
ture of satinets, carry- 
ing on the business 
until 1S5'). I)uring these years Mi'. Tinkham 
realizing the need of a practical knowledge of 
everydejiartmentof the manufacturing business. 
became an operative in his own mill. Begin- 
ning in the scouring room, the lowest position 
in the factory, he dismissed the foreman, and 
assumed the management himself, .\fter he 
had secured a complete knowledge of wool 
scouring he dismissed the foreman in theilyeing 
department, and hiring an assistant, learneil 
the art of dyeing. In this way he went through 
every department of his mill until he became 
thoroughly ]iroficient in every branch that per 




Willi.im Tinkham 



owing to Mr. link 
liam's careful business 
methotls, in 1S60 more 
sets of machinery were 
added, and then the 
company began the 
manufacture of cassi- 
meres. In 1X65, so 
successful had the bus- 
iness been managed, 
there was no incum- 
lirance u[)on the mill 
proiiertv, and the com- 
pany had a gootl sur- 
plus on hand. Mr. 
Tinkham, in 1S68, took 
up his residence in the 
city of Providence, 
where he has lived 
ever since. About 
this time, in com[>any 
with !■". Metcalf and 
his l)rother, l-'.llison 
Tinkham, began to op- 
erate the Carolina Mills 
in Richmond, R, 1., selling his interest in these 
mills in iSjh. .Mr. Tinkham jiurchased his 
jKirtner's interest in the Harrisville property in 
1873, becoming the sole owner, but later took 
Fred S. I-'arwoU as a partner in the business, 
when the firm name became Tinkham & P"ar- 
well, remaining so until 187,8 when Mr. Tiiik 
ham's son. I'.rncst W., became a member of the 
com]>anv. and the name was then changed to 
Tinkham, P'arwell & Co. In 1884 Mr. Farwell's 
interest was i)urchased, and the company name 
then became William Tinkham & Co., I\lr. Tink- 
h.im and his son heiiii: the sole owners. 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



67 



Mr. Tinkham was the man who projected the 
Providence and Springfield railroad, the build- 
ing of which opened up one of the best manu- 
facturing sections of the State. Without this 
road the manufacturers of that section could 
hardly have held their own against their com- 
petitors who were enjoying railroad facilities. 
Mr. Tinkham became its first President and 
Manager, which positions he held until the road 
was purchased by the N. \'.. N. II. & II. Rail- 



started a spindle and fiyer manufactory located 
on the south side of the road, while the building 
containing the forges and trip hammers was lo- 
cated on the opposite side of the road near the 
bridge. In 1832 a cotton mill was in operation 
here, which adjoined the spindle shop. In 1843 
John T. l-'iske and D. C. Remington were man- 
ufacturing print goods here, the mill being sub- 
sequently operated by James Cunlil'fe, and later 
John Irons carried on the mill business here, 




William Tinkham & Co. Factory, Harrisville, BurrillvUle, H. I. 



road Company. Mr. Tinkham cared little for 
public office, although he was elected to repre- 
sent his town in the lower house of the General 
Assembly of Rhode Island in 1866. 

The water power that supplies the mill is one 
of the best privileges in the State, the stream be- 
ing formed by the waters of the Clear, Pascoag 
and Nipmuck rivers. There was formerly, in 
the early years of the last century, a saw and 
grist mill located on the site of thejiresent mill, 
when the place was known as Rhodesville, in 
honor of Capt. William Rhodes. A little later 
Andrew Harris purchased the privilege and 



and still later, prior to 1853, a Mr. Burgess was 
proprietor of the mill. In 1853 Stephen and 
Jason Emerson purchased the property, the 
latter finally becoming the sole owner, who pro- 
ceeded to build a new mill, which was the mill 
bought by Steere & Tinkham in 1856. and 
which has developed so extensive a business 
during the past half century under Mr. Tink- 
ham's management and ownership. 

I'.rnest W. Tinkham was born in Harrisville, 
R. I., September 25, 1857, who now carries on 
the bulk of the business that was established by 
his father in 1856, and which has developed into 
one of the largest woolen plants of Southern 
New England. 



68 



iU()(,K.\i'iiuAi. iiisToRv OF Till-: MAxri'ACTi ki:rs 



Peace Dale Manufacturing Co. — Matuifactiir 
crs of woolen and worsted goods for men's and 
women's wear, rugs, shawls, etc. Business 
established in iSui by Rowland Ila/ard, who 
was one of the tirst to begin the manufacture ot 
woolen goods in the State. Incorporated in 
1S48. C'a]iitali/ed for ;S5O0,ooo. Works located 
in Peace Dale. R. I., where the business was 
first established. ICmploy 600 hands, ( )riicers : 
Rowland G llazard, President; William (". 
(ireene, Treasurer; James W. Drysdale, Sujier- 
intendent ; William T. Stedman, Secretary. 



built here. The aim of the ("ompany has 
always been to make strictly first-class goods, 
anil to build u]> a jileasant and home-like village 
•about the plant. The Hazard Memorial was 
built in the centie of the village in iXScj, in 
memory of Rowland (i. Ila/ard, and contains a 
good library, assembly hall, gymnasium, etc., for 
the use of the people of the place. 

Swinburne, Peckham & Co. — Manufacturers 
ot doors, sash, blinds, window frames, mould- 
ings, and general builders' sujiplies. Also deal- 
ers in hardware. Husiness establisheil in 1S71 . 



fly 




'^''WSl^^'^m' 



•\ 









*■ s 



llJSjL. W 




*^ 



'v''/--..J 

M' ' 



w 



Hazard Memorial, Peace Dale, R. I. 



I'ower is furnished by the Saugatucket River 
and about i.jDO-horsc i)owcr of steam. The 
works are lighted by electricity generated by 
the company's dynamos. There are lOo broail 
looms, and the product is about one third 
woolen and twothirds worsted gnoils. The 
village was |iractically founded by Rnwland 
Hazard at the beginning of the last centuiy, 
and the business has been carried on by his 
descendants uj) to the present time. The jiro- 
duct was at first coarse woolen cloth, and was 
entirely confined to the manufacture of woolens 
either in cloths or shawls until 1872, when the 
first complete worsted mill in .America was 



Mill Idcated on I'eckham's Wharf, Newport, 1\. 
I. Store, J15 'I'hames street. George \\ . 
.Swinburne was born in Newport, R. 1., in !830. 
j. A. I'eckham is also a native of Newport. 
I'liwer for the works is sujiplied by a fifty horse 
power Corliss steam engine. The plant is 
cquiiijied with all of the modern wood working 
machniery re(|uired in a business of this kind. 

Warwick Mills. — Manufacturers of lawns and 
fine cotton yarns. Incorjjorated in 1896. Capi- 
talized for $400,000. ICm[)loy 350 hands. Works 
locatetl in Centreville, K. I. Officers: R. 15. .Sew- 
all, of Boston, Mass., President; K. B. Townsend, 
ol 15oston. Mass., Treasurer; J. T. P'erguson, 
.Superintendent. 



D 



3 

•a 
» 




■■S:.'i-: 



BKX^RAI'HICAI. 1IIST()R^■ OI'- Till'; MANUI'ACTURERS 



National Paint Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers of reMUircnieuts, and to-day he is turning out dip- 
dipping paints, used more especially for ma- i)ing paints in almost any color that may be re- 
chinery, and sold all over the United .States, quired, that give the appearance ot enamel 
among machinery manufacturers. Business es- when the surface is dry, with no cracks or 
tablished in i8S8 by (1. \V. I'aine on Dorrance streaks, making an immense saving in labor as 
street, and the works removed to the present well as ])roviding a superior surface for all kinds 
location at 42 (iarnet street, rro\idence. in 
1898. Cjeorgc W. I'aine. the ])roprictor of the 
business, was born in the town ot I'dster, R I . 
in December, 1838. After lea\ing the |)ublic 
schools he entered into active liusincss ]Hirsnits, once they have become acquainted with its 
and the result of his endeavors in the nianufac- quality. Not only small frames or castings are 
ture of paints has been tiic ])roductii>n of certain treated in this wa), but large castings such as 
grades of dipping 
paints that are said 
to be su[)erior to any- 
thing of the kind made 
in this country, and 
of which Mr. I'aine 
claims to be the pio 
neer manutactuicr. 
r.iinting is as ancient 
as l''.gyj)tian sculp- 
ture, as records ot 
the art as early as t he 
Nineteenth Century 
15. C, give e\idciu-c 
<-)f in |)lain language, 
but the producing ol 
paints, such as are 111 
use to-day lor the 
various manut.ntur 
ing pur])oses, as well 
as for art, was the 
work ot the century 
just closed, .and not 
until the end ot the 
century was the 
highest degree of pci- 

fection attained, both as to the pertcct bleiKling 
of colors and the durability ol the liquitl when 
a[)[)lied to iron or wood surfaces, Mr. I'aine 
hail noted that the paints in onlinary use to|- 
the covering of wooden surfaces or iron with a 
brush were fairly up to the re(|uircnients ol the 
times, but it was imj^ossible to use those paints 
for dippiing purposes, because when the sur- 
faces became dry they were streaked .and un- 
even, and wholly unfit for the market on ac- 
count of their imsightliness. Recognizing a 
new field. .Mr. Paitie devoted many years in de 
veloping a line of paints that should meet the 




George W. P.inie. 



ot machinery, so much better than the ordinary 
macliinery jKiint that is put on by brushes that 
tew manufacturers of machinery ami castings 
in this country will use anvthing else when 



loom frames, where 
two men are required 
to handle them, are 
dii)ped with equal 
e.'ise, and they look 
as well when dry as 
the smaller jueces, 
they being hung up 
like sides of beef for 
three or tour hours, 
when they are suffi- 
ciently dry to take 
down and make room 
for a second lot. The 
drying process leaves 
the surface perfectly 
smooth, the jjaint be- 
ing evenly deposited 
c>\er the surface of 
the whole casting. 
Two men will do the 
work that is (U'dinar- 
il\' (lone b_\' twenty 
men. < ine manufac- 
turer was employing 
three men to paint a 
nd thev were hardly 



certain kind ot cast in; 
able to keep up with the men who were setting 
up the machinery. When the clipping ])aints 
made by the National I'aint Mfg. Co. were sidi- 
stitiited loi- the kind th.it they had been using, 
one bov .it a inst ol si.\ dollars a week did all of 
the work that had formerly cost them six dol- 
lars a day, and he performed the work better 
th.m brushes could possibly do it. X'ermillion, 
the most difficult color for a dipping paint, has 
been brought down to perfection by .Mr. I'aine, 
and the general line that he has been able to 
give our manufacturers has done more in the 



AND HUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



71 



way of economy than anything that has been 
brought out in many years. Information about 
this kind of work may be procured at the 
National Paint Mfg. Co.'s Works, 49 Garnet 
street, Providence. 

Perforated Pad Co. — Manufacturers of har- 
ness specialties, such as fronts, blinds, rosettes, 
pads, etc.; patent leather and felt goods for the 
harness trade. They are the manufacturers of 
the famous Becker & VVickser's sore-back sad- 
dle. Business established by C. H. Ilorton and 
Palmer Brown in 1877. Incorporated in 1S82. 
Capitalized for $50,000. Factory located in 
Woonsocket, R. I. F^mploy 65 hands. Officers: 
Etienne C. Delabarre, President, who is a native 
of Belgium; Charles H. Horton, Secretary and 
Treasurer, who is a native of Rehoboth, Mass. 
This is probably the largest manufacturini; 
business of its kind in the State. 

Dr. Seth Arnold Medical Corporation. — Manu 
facturers of proprietary medicines. Dr. Seth 
Arnold's Cough Killer, Soothing Cordial, and 
Anti-Bilious Pills. Originally the manufac- 
turers of Dr. Seth Arnold's Balsam. Business 
established by Dr. Seth Arnold in 1842. In- 
corporated in 1873. Capitalized for $100,000. 
Officers: Alexander S. Arnold, President and 
Treasurer; William B. Lincoln, Secretary. 
Laboratory located at 158 Park avenue, Woon- 
socket, R. I. One of the largest medicine con- 
cerns in the State. 

Mason Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers of mill and 
laundry soaps, and make a business of the ren- 
dering of tallow and grease, also manufacture 
fertilizers. Business established by Stephen N. 
Mason in 1837. Works located in Woonsocket, 
R. I. Fred P. Fenton, the present owner, is a 
native of North Hudson, N. \., where he was 
born September 29, 1S57. Was employed in 
the works some time prior to purchasing them. 

■Woonsocket Shuttle Co. — Manufacturers of 
shuttles for all kinds of textile work. Business 
established by John Johnson, a native of Scot- 
land. Works located in Woonsocket, R. I. 
Consolidated with the American Shuttle Co., in 
1898, whose headquarters are in Boston, Mass. 

Woonsocket Reed & Shuttle Co.^Manufac- 
turers of shuttles for cotton, woolen and silk 
mills, lousiness established in 1892 by John 
Shambow. Works located in Woonsocket, 
R. I. Consolidated with the American Shuttle 
Co. in 1897. 



WOONSOCKET, R. I. 

Ihis ])lace very soon began manufacturing in 
tin- textiU- line after Samuel Slater iiad invented 
his spinning frame and put it into successful 
()j)iTation in Pawtuckel. but before this, fully 
OIK' hundred years, the town that became known 
as Woonsocket was inannfactnring various arti- 
cles from iron, wliich probabl) gives it the 
distinction of being the first to begin the 
manufacture of iron and steel goods in the 
state. I'lie first wheel turned 1)\ the waters 
of the I'llackstone Kiver, at the l'"alls, was 
that of a sawinill, which stood where the 
tower of tlu- old liallou mill now stands, 
not far from the dam. wliich is said to be 
ahoiil the \ear [()(><k .\ corn and fulling mill 
was the next to lir built, which was in 1712, liie 
huilckr hi'iniL; John Arnold. Tlu- ]iower for this 
mill was sup])lii.-cl by two water wheels, one 
al)ovc tlu- other, sut in a narrow trench cut out of 
the rock, part of this trench now being visible, 
the action of the water having worn away the 
greater part of it. Ihe ne-xi was the "Old 
Forge," or what w;is tiien termed under a second 
name as the "W'insokett Iron .Mill." I'his forge 
was built between the years 1712 and 1720. near 
the llallou .Manufacturing Co. .Mill, and had 
three waler wheels. J'his was a hundred years 
l)ef(5re the textile business was begun. This 
forge was used extensively during the Rt-volu- 
tii.>nar\ War; so imicli so that the owners were 
enal)led to reap cpiite a snug fortune for those 
ihns. William Hopkins was one of the owners 
in 1720. The next was a scythe factorx. and all 
of these were located at and received their |)ower 
from the I'alls of the I'dackstone. The great 
freshet of 1S07. when the water was higher than 
it was ever known before or since, carried away 
or disableil all of the first manufacturing estab- 
lishnieiits ol tlie village of Woonsocket. only tile 
scxthe factor\- resinning business. 

'Ihe owners of the water privileges of Woon- 
socket. when the nianulaeture of textiles began 
to be agitated along about 1810. were James 
.\riiold of the I'.lackstone River privilege. Joseph 
Arnold of tin' .Mill Kiver privilege, and .Stephen 
Wilcox of the Peter's Kiver privilege. .\ meet- 
ing was held to c< insider the advisability of 
establishing a cotton mill, ( ictober 24. 1810, 



y- 



lUoCRAl'llICAI. lllsrORN' ol' I'lil': M.\\ri'A( TURMKS 



liicwi- prcseiu at tlu' nici'tiriL; hrini; Xatlian. Irac'tivc and c-i uiipK'to cotton factorit-s v\vr huilt 

.\ricl and Aimer I'.allon, 1-'.1ht r.artKll, Joli and in llu- -lalr, now dr\otrd wholly to the siiiiniini^ 

l.nke jeiicke--, l)li\rr 1. eland and Joseph \r- of ei illon \ aiiis. 

nold As a restdi of this nieetiiii; the Social In iXjj \\ . \- 1'. I'anuini and others were 

Mainu'aci ininL; to was iiiL;ani/ed with the ca]i- InnshiiiL; satnuis ni a factor\ hijilt li\ jaincs 

ital stock set at Sl'i.ooo, there lieinL; onl\ sixteen \rnold for the purpose of ntilizinu his water 

shares, two shan-s for each nicinlur of the coni- prnilei^e on the I'llackstone at \\ o. msocket 

pan\. The lirst null that was lunlt was a lalls. I his null was limned in iSjij and a new 

small wooclen sirnctnri' where the present lactor\ erected in its |ilace the followiii!:; year. 

Social Mill is located, with a capacitx for _',(ioo .March _■( >, iS^i. there was a real estate transac- 

spindles. I herefore, it was ilecided li\ this tion i hat meant more for the tow n than any other 

conipain that tin- waters of the .Mill l\i\er snnilar s,ile has ever deveIoj)ed. and I'.dwanl 

should tmn tin- lirst spindles that weic to he 1 larris, the pioneci' wonlen mannlactnrer, was 

si't in moiiim m \\ oi msi ickel . and which were the man who made this traiis;ict ion of si i much 

the hei^immii; of ati indnstr\ that has madi nnportanee, iioi unly to WMoiisocket, liiit to the 



u. $ 



^sst^i 



., .,i( 



1 1 ■ ' ' 



■ 1 « = » 



■^;(00^ 




mj^ 




The Manufacturing City of 

the town ami cit\ fanions as mie ot ilu i.;reat coniitr\ at larL;e. When wc say "pioneer 

textile centers , ,] tin; Conntr\. The c<iniiian\ \vo.i|en mannfaetnrer," w <■ mean "pioneer' in 

continued in a small wa\ f' ir a immlier ol ihe sense that ap]>lics to the first .\nierican 

M'ars, iiniil i S.j i . when Itextcr I'.allon liecinie wcMileii f.ihncs iliai stoml dii a par with the 

ihe sole proprietor of the hiisincss. .Xni hiii;; cassimeri's ili.at had hefore that lime been 

after tins other men Ixcame interested m iniiiiii"ted lioiii l.tiropean countries. (tther 

the compan\. ( Mm I'.allon luiiiL; I'resideni. manmactnrers had contented thcmsehes with 

llenr\ l.ippilt 'I'reasurcr and ( liarles Xdnrse ]iroducinL; a lair or |iassalile (|nalit\ oi s.atinets, 

Snpcrmleiident , hroni this tunc tile Social while uotliim,; sh. .rt nf ilie hest wo.iK'ii L;.Mids 

.M.annf.u'lnriiiL; to. m.ade •^t\-.\\ progress. dlie 'hat coiild he made direct from the raw m.iterial 

Soci.il .Mill was eiacied. dcsii-,,\ei| li\ lire, re ''rom the sliee]i'- hack conid satistx .Mr. Harris, 

liiiilt on a l;irL;er se.ile. and kiler the ( .lolic .Mill, .•■nd as :i result ,,i this amhition there was hardl\ 

on tlu- r.i.-ickst. mi- l\i\i-i-. lu-cinu- a p.-ut of the a Rhode lsland<-r as e,-irl\ as iS^d who was sat- 

comiiaiu's propert\. and still |,-iter the X'ourse islied l.i wear an\ kind of ,-i suit miK-ss he wa- 

.Mill was erectt-d, which is ,ine of the most at- loiumceil that it was cut out of the "donhle .'md 



AND BUSINESS MEN UE RHODE ISLAND. 



75 



twist" made in the Harris Mills of W'ooiisocket. 
Mr. Harris hetjaii iiis remarkable career here in 
this mill, which was afterwards known as Harris 
Mil! Xo. 1. He huilt other mills, hin his s,'-reat- 
est effiirt was the Harris I'rivileLje on .Mill River. 
al)iiv(j the .Social .Mamifacturintj (_i.>.'s .Mills on 
the same stream, which was completed in iS^i,^. 
and is today owned and operated hy the Law tun 
Spimhni.;' In., the mill pri)pert\ ha\ini; \k-vu 
enlar^eil and refitted specially to meet the 
recniiri'menis nf a modern varn mill. When 
the ])rii|)ert\' was t'lrst cumpleted it was c-unsid- 
ere<l one of the best woolen mills in the I'nited 
States, and it certainly ])rodnced the tinesi snit- 
intrs in the line of cassimeres and worsteds that 



.stone from tlie I-'alls. the latter taking- the waters 
from the mil! trench just l)efore it joins t!ie river 
l)roper aj^ain, wliich is fn!l\ lialf a mile from the 
halls, where the trench hej^ins. and which dis- 
Irihiites |)ower for the varions manufacturing 
plants that are located on its hanks. Then 
more recently the I'erseverance Worsted Co., 
Reliance Worsted Co.. the knitting companies, 
U'linnsiicket Worsted Mills, the Ri\er ."spinning 
Co.. and others, and fmall\- the great rul)l)er 
industry as represented in the .Mice .Mills, of 
the \\ onnsocket Ruhher ( D. ( ire;it maehinerv 
working plains have been erected here, the 
largest l)eing the Taft-1'eirce .Manufacturing 
l"o.. and the WimnsMcket .Machine and I'ress 




«'- 



■:f. Vvt|'f J^rv ^^' 



Woonsocket, Rhode Island, igoi. 

were made in ,\meric;u and eipial in ipialit} tn 
those of the best foreign i)roductions. 

In iiSji another factory that lames .\niold 
had built to make use of the powfr at tlie I'alls, 
was conveyed to iJaniel L\iuan. which li.as >ince 
been knowti as the Lyman .Mill. ;md which 
passed itUo the hands of j. 1'. iS: |. ( i. Ra\ . the 
business lieing carried on uiuK-r the same name 
at the ])reseiU time. He.xter I'.allou was one ot 
the First ti) |i;ase rooms in tliis mill after it was 
built, which was for the ])urpose of spinning 
cotton yarns, ."^ince that time the Lippitl 



('o.. which, combinecl with tlu- various tt-\tile 
plants, make the cit\ of WHonsocket one of the 
Iitisicst manufacturing centers in New I'.tigland. 
rile time-honored name of the .Social M.anufac- 
mring I o. has tiiis \ear been swallowed U]) in 
the newly incorporated .Manville Manufactur- 
iii.g Co. 

There was a stone mill built on I'eter's River, 
at what is now lenckt-sville. in \X22. by job 
Jetickes ;md others, and it has been Usi-cl more 
or less f( ir textile maiuu.acturing ever since, but 
the water pri\ilege here was not sufticieiitly 
Woolen Co.'s mills have been built, utilizing the large to slimul.ile as \igorous a growth ;is was 
saiue water privilege, the I'.agle .Mills. Clinton develoiied on the lUackstone and Mill River 
Mills, both of which use the waters oi the lllack- privileges. 



74 



HIOGRAl'llK AI. HIS TORN' ()!• Till': MANUFACTURERS 



Manville Company. — Manufactureis (if Hue 
cotton fabrics for women's wear, also sheetings, 
shirtings, twills, sateens, etc. Husiness estab- 
lished in 1810 as the Social Manufacturing Co., 
in the town of WOonsocket, that jiart of the 
present comjiany being incorporated in 1855, 
with a capital of $1,000,000. The present com- 
pany was incorporated under the laws of New 
Jersey, in May, 1901, the incorpoiators licing 
Chas. II. Merriman, (has. W. l.ippitt and 
Henry V I.ipjiitt, of Providence, K. I , and 
George B. Duren, of Newark, N, j. Capital- 
ized for $6,000,000. ( )fricers : llcnry !■'. l.ip- 
pitt. President and General M.nKi,L;cr ; Chas. II. 
Merriman, Treasurer; 1 jol 
der l^orden Howen, Sccic- ■'^- 
tary. Employ about 4,000 
hands. The mills of the 
cumjianv are : Vhv Man- 
ville Mill, main building 
erected in 187(1 7, ''^ Man 
ville, R. I ., which, with the 
ad|iiiniiig prdpcrty, h.is a 
ta.x valuation nt S8(XJ,ooo ; 
the Social Mill, Nourse 
Mill and (ilobe Mill in 
W'oonsocket. R. I , foini- 
erly known as the Social 
Mfg. Co., which name has 
sto()(J for nearly a hundred 
years, but which now Idscs 
its identity in the new 
corporation, has a ta.x val 
nation of $1,231,450, which 
makes a total ta.\ valuation •> 
of the property of the con 
solidated companies of 

$2,i:!i,45o. The matuifacturc ol coitim was 
begun on the I'.lackstonc River at the vil],ii;c <il 
Manville, then known as Unity l-'urnace, in 
181J. Another mill was built in iSj'i, and this 
came into the jiossession, m i8<]|, ol llic M,in 
ville Company, organized in that year and com- 
posed of Tully I). Howen. llemv I-ipjiitt. 
William II. ReynoliJs, Charles II. Merriman, 
Sanniel Chace and Harvy Chacc. Iheoiiginal 
mill was eidarged several times cdtcr coming 
into the jiossession of the new company. .\ 
large weave shed in the rear of the main mill is 
the latest atldition, which was comjileted in 
1900. The Social Mill was built in 1874, on the 
site where the first Social Mill was burned. 




Charles H. Merriman 



which was built near the site of the original 
factory, a small affair, where the business of the 
Social Mfg. Co. was begun in 1810. Henry 
Lijjpitt, senior, I'.x-Governor of Rhode Island, 
and father of the President of the present com- 
pany, was one of the prime movers in develop- 
ing the business of both of these companies, 
which have finally been merged under one man- 
agement. The Nourse Mill was built in 1883, 
which is now turned into a yarn mill, and the 
(ilobc Mills were jiurchased by the .Social Com- 
]iany in 1876. These four mills are among the 
best in the .State, all of which are equippeil with 
the most modern machinery, and the most com- 
|jlete power plants. 
J!' Charles Henry Merri- 

man, the Treasurer of the 
new company, was born in 
Augusta, Ga., October i, 
1833. P'ew manufacturers 
of the State ha\e had the 
extensive exiierience that 
Mr. Merriman has had in 
the manufacture of cotton 
gootls. He was the Treas- 
urer of the Manville Co. 
from 1863 to 1 860; Treas- 
urer of the .Sih'er Spring 
Hleaching and I )ycing Co. 
from i8<i3to 1871; Treas- 
urer of the Smithtield 
Mfg. Co. from 1 8ho to 
I 8()6; Treasurer ot the So- 
cial Mfg. Co. fri.im 1891 to 
,.■ iqoi, and Treasurer of the 
l.ippitt Woolen Co. from 
186(1 to the present time. 
Ml Meiriman has also been President of the 
l'ro\ idence Hoard of Trade and President of the 
Hank of North .America. His long and suc- 
cessful career has made him one of the best 
known of our I'.astern manufacturers, and the 
State of Rhode Island owes to such men the 
reputation that she enjoys to-day of being one 
of the great successful textile centres of the 
world. Henry V. I.ijipitt is a native of Provi- 
dence, where he was born in October, 1856. 
After graduating at Hrown University, he 
entered the employ of his father and schooled 
himselt in the textile business, mastering every 
detail. He has been for a number of years 
the .Agent of the Social Mfg. Co., and Treas- 
urer :ind Agent of the Manville Co., of which 
he IS now the President and General Manager. 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



75 




Mills and Weave Shed of the Manville Company, Manville, R. I. 



-j«a.- 




if 








i'MH«l!!!HlllllHI(i|||^ia;:,g!^ 



ailSlip ii^l|i!H)lil!ll!HI!IHIilHi^iii !W; 



f: \ 







ttifo^^»yj. >.fV.ZJa.«>>. - 



Social Mills of the Manville Company, Woonsocket, R. I. 



-6 



Hi()(,k.\nii( .\i, iii.M()k\' oi 



III'. M.wri'Ac I l'ri;rs 



The Taft-Peirce Manufacturing Co. — Manu- 
facturers of machines and mechanical special- 
ties. The works, which are amon^ the larj^est 
in Rhode Island, are locateil in W'oonsocket. 
Daniel W. Taft, Treasurer; \'.. J. I'eirce, Jr., 
Agent and Superintendent. They have their 
own electric lighting plant, and everything 
about the factory is modern and up-to-date in 
every resisect, the power being furnished by 
steam. I'he Taftl'eirce Manufacturing Co. are 



contract work entirely. They make no machin- 
ery for themselves, having no lines of their own 
which are manufactured, the entire thought and 
energy of the concern being devoted to the 
\arious manufacturing companies throughout 
the country, for whom they build machines and 
tools. Their specialty is the construction of any 
class of machinery and mechanical devices with 
interchangeable parts, and the re-designing of 
machines for economical manufacture. Among 



jS^W^ 



wfi#;^.- ' 



. LL LL'iL ilM 





111 ^^^§(^ 






.^:Mi mu mmw 



^ m lis] 



1*^ 



Plant of the Taft -Pence Manufacturing Co., Woonsocket, R. I. 

one of the best known machinery builders in the com])anies for whom work has been done 

America. The shops, as shown herewith, are for some time past are the American Knitting 

large and commodious, three stories high, of Machine Co. of W'oonsocket ; the Universal 

brick construction, ami they aie \ery strongly Winding Co. of Boston, Mass., and Providence; 

built so as to contain heav)- machinery without I'urilan Maiiutacturing Co. of Boston, Mass.; 

causing too much vibration. 'I'here may be 'I'abulating Machine Co. of Washington, 1). C; 



said to be two main buildings, with connections, 
besiiles a boiler and engine room in a separate 
building, and storehouses. 'I'he entire jilatit is 
fitted throughout with the most modern ma 
chinery of every description lliat is requiied in 
a tirst-class machine shop. The company ilo 



McTammany B.iUot Co., I'rovidence; The I.ans- 
tnn Monoty])e-Machine Co., Washington, D. C; 
'I'he i.anston Monotype Coriioration, Ltd., Lon- 
don, b'.ngland : The National Knitting Co. of 
Milwaukee, Wis ; 1'. A. Hubbel, of Detroit, 
Mich., and others. The kind of machinery 



AND HUSINKSS MKN OF K I IODIC ISLAND. 



77 



made by this company is widely diversified, in- 
volving work of the finest accuracy and most in- 
tricate detail where nicety of construction is the 
most essential element. It is by this high-class 
work that the company have achieved a reputa- 
tion that is unsurpassed for fine work, both in 
the line of special tools and interchangeable 
machine parts. 

Twice within two years the company have 
been compelled to enlarge their works in order 
to accommodate the growing business. The 
[present area of floor space contained in the 
works is three and a half acres. The manage- 



as the " Old l'"orge " at VVoonsocket Falls, 
which, during the Revolutionary war, made 
their owners comparatively rich men, so much 
was the demand for their crude productions. 
These modern machinery plants, several of 
which have been established in the city, have 
prevented the te.xtile industries from making it 
wholly a te.xtile manufacturing town. The 
works of the company are situated just off of 
North Main street, not far from the famous 
Harris Mfg. Co. plant, where Edward Harris 
made his world-famous cassimeres, and com- 
peted successfully with the textiles made in 




Woonsocket Falls, Blackstone River, Woonsocket, R. I. 

ment of the company is in the hands of experts foreign countries. The buildings constituting 

in the line of mechanical construction, and the the plant are modern in every respect and so 

force of skilled workmen is representative of constructed as to give plenty of light on all four 

the present high standard of American sides of the different sho[js. 

mechanics. There is probably no better class September 2, as this form goes to jiress, the 
of skilled laborers collected together in one es- daily newspapers report: "Daniel W. Taft, of 
tablishment in this country. U.xbridge, has retired from the company and 
The establishment of the Taft-Peirce Manu- Herman Hollerith, who has purchased the 
facturing Co. in Woonsocket has proven a same for a syndicate of New York and Bos- 
great help in keeping alive the reputation of the ton capitalists, is now in control. The ]5resent 
place as a producer of iron and steel goods, such name is retained and Ceneral Manager 
as was first established two centuries ago by the I'eirce remains in charge with increased 
" Wlnsoket Iron Works," in other words known responsibilities." 



-8 



HIixlRAI'IIHAl. llISTom' oi' Till'; MANIJFACTUKKRS 



Lawton Spinning Co. Maiuifacturers of tine iSi)i>, wluii the Ntuck was run out and the i)ro|>- 

ooitnn \arn-. I'.usiiiess estahhsheil ami in erl\ \\a> hou^ht 1)\- the Lawton S])innins,^ Co.. 

e. iijiorate'l in :SiiS. ( a|iitaH/t-(l inr Si^imjooo .\nL:u>l 17. \Xi)'). 'I'hv new eoin])anv made ex- 

J'^niiilov 431) hanils. Works loeateii in the eit\ tensi\e ini]iro\ enients on the propertv. tnider the 

of \\"..on^oekti and llhiewiHe. R. \. I )t'ti,er^ : MUierviMon ol the inih atehiteet. .Mr. C. .\. M, 

I.e.inder R, I'eek, I'reNideiU; h ie(K-riels ( '. I'larav of I 'ro\ idenee. wllose pLans have made 

lleteher. \ iee- 1 'resident ; \\ lUiani I). loild, this one o| ihi- most n|i-to-(late spimiint; phmts 

."^eeretarv and IreasniiT, w ho w as lioin in l'ro\i ni the I'niled .'-^tate>. Ihe ohl wood breast 

deuia-. .\nL;nsl 4, 1S03. I lie \\ oonsoekei .Mill wheel, at one lime the lar<.;est in the eountry, 

properly was lirsl hnilt li\ I'.dward 1 larris, the was taken oiil and three tnrhine watir wheels ol 

.sueeessfiil pioneer won! mami lael mer. who L;a\e the llohnke make wen- put in le) lakt' its place, 

to Xew I'liidaiid the npnl.il 1011 of pro(hieinL; as so as to pro\ ide ;^ieall\ inereased power. I'lu' 

ihie Woolen talnies as were made in I'lirop;- lloor sp.ue of the main niill. which eompiises .six 




Plant of the Lawton Spinning Co., Woonsocket, R. I. 

lie lie.^an the foundation .if the f.ictory in 1 Si H lloors, is _>3o.noo >.|uare feet; a cotton store 

and com]ileted the mill m I So ^ '1' mamifai- house oi lo.ooo square feel; en-iiie and holier 

lured W'"ilens km- hef.ne ihis lime, for he came house, S.ooo sipiare feel ; d\e house. 7.000 sipiare 

t., \\ .loiisocket s,,mewliere .•ihoin iSj;, willioin leel ; a hrick smokeslacdx 150 feet hi,L;h, with a 

any means for carrying; 011 Intsiness. Iml he \'er\ i''"' '"^4 inches in diameU-r, ddiere is om- new 

soon found a wa\ to liei^in manufacturiuL;. Ihe 1 larris-( orliss cross compound condeiisiim 

mill plant when com|>leteil cost alioiu Si. 300.000. engine J4"\4(i"x4S". and one I leori^e (orliss 

and was considereil one of ihe liesl woolen nulls condensiuL; enu;ine _'V'x'(o". I'liese two en- 

in the counlr\ , heiiii; know II ,1s the Harris I'rui- L:inrs oi\e a t.ilal oi 1 400 horse powrr. To 

leu;e. In 1 S07 .\|r. 1 larris leased the ]iropert\' sii|i[,|\ ihe sUani for the plant there are three 

to Taft, W'eeilen \- to f(ir ;i prrioil iif li\-t' \ears, I'.alu'oik \' Wilcox hollers, and four < icor^e 

at the e\pir;Uion of which the Ihiiris Woolen Corliss li.)ileis of the l;itest patterns made. All 

(.0. was ori^ani/ed, in lS7^, .ind took possession the I'ipin;.; lor the steam planl were made to 

lif ihe factoi\ , oper;itinL; it more or less until st.and a pressure o| J30 pounds. The pumps 



AND BUSINESS MKN OF RlIOnK ISLAND. 



79 



used in this work are nf the well-known 
"l\ Howies'" niakc. Power for the mil! is put in 
so that it can he diviiU'il into as many units as is 
required, and can all l)e conneeti-(l nr disi-on- 
liected at will. '\\\v mill is eciuipiird with two 
8oo-light dynamos lor liiijhtint; the eompU'le 
plant, which are driven by a small water wheel, 
and also connected with the main line of shaft- 
ingf, so as to ])rovide two sources of power. 'The 
mill is e(|ui])])ed with 50,000 sjiindles, 25,000 of 
which are maile specially for the very finest 
numbers, and the whole factory is fitted so as to 
manufacture fine .Sea Island and l'"t;\pti;in 
combed varus and threads, 2, ,:; and d cord, on 
cones or in skeins and threads, l)leached or un- 
l)lcached. Most of the machinery of the plant 
is from the le.Ktile machinery plants of I'aw- 
tucket and I'rovidence. Their ( )lne\ville plant 
is located on Dike street, and contains iS,oon 
spindles, and this is the factory where the busi- 
ness originated. 

Joseph Provuncher. — Manufacturer of water 
tube boilers, ship builder, etc. Business estab- 
lished in 1882. Ship yard and marine railway, 
134 Water street. East I'rovidence, R. I. 
Joseph Provuncher was born in Canada, in 184X, 
He went to New York and later came to Paw- 
tucket, R. I., early in life and worked there as a 
house carpenter for a number of years. He 






stationary and marine use, doing quite an exten- 
sive business. II is yard is equipped with every 
facility for building boats and doing repairing 













Provuncher Water Tube Boiler. 

located in East Providence and began the busi- 
ness of a ship-builder in 1882, and in 1895 he 
began the manufacture of water tube boilers for 




Josepii ProvuncJier. 

of all kinds, and in addition to boat building he 
manufactures oyster rakes, propellers for steam- 
boats, etc., and does all kinds of machine work. 
Mr. Provuncher is assisted in his business by 
his three sons, Joseph Provuncher,Jr., who was 
born in Martha's Vineyard, in 1868, and has 
been in his father's employ since 18.S3; Fred- 
erick Provuncher, who was born in Pawtucket, 
R. I., in 1875, has been in the employ of his 
father since 1883; Wilfred Provuncher, born in 
Pawtucket, R. I., 1880, has been employed in 
the same business for a number of years. This 
plant furnishes one of the most important in- 
dustries of East Providence. The water tube 
boiler patented by Mr. Provuncher is claimed 
to be superior to other boilers, because the pip- 
ing is built completely around the fire bo.x, there 
being no fire brick, and this arrangement en- 
ables the firemen to get up steam quickly and 
to maintain a given pressure with less fuel. 

Leicester Knitting Mill. Manufacturers of 
ladies' and children's ribbed underware. Busi- 
ness established about 1886 by George H. Baker. 
Works located in Woonsocket, R. I. Employ 
about 200 hands, ilave their own steam power 
and electric lighting plants. 



<So 



]Mt)(;k.\riiic.\i. iiisrokv oi- iiii'. .M.\NUKACTi'Ri:ks 



Lonsdale Co. — The great cottdii tiianuf.icturing tin inill, iiuliidiii- tin- Miir and twci-st'iry in,r- 
c..r|i..ialuin kiioun as tlir Lwiis.lalr ( n. lia^ liad H'ln^, and r..nlain> 1,411,. l,M,ni>. Tlu- nuniher 
a o.ntnni..n> existence s.nce the middle ..1 llie "I ""'li' spnidles are iJ.J^x^ and frame s,„n.ll.s 

... 1 ,1. .■ ,,,• I',-..,,,, -'7. 700. I lie faliries iirodneed are l.i mxlale eani- 

eudileenlli eenUn\ , when the I'lm i .mw n // 1 

line muslin, llnllamls and sheetings, and Sdo 

en 

emnpleled this \ear of Hiol, wliieh is ,a eninin\ia- 

imn iif the iine-stc)r\- seeti^n. making the 
'leeame kndwn as I'.rnwn \' hes. and tli,il name . , ' 1 r . 1 111 

.maiiK KM . ., , , li-i>nlaue se\eral hnndreil \vc\ kiimer, ,ind whuh 



hrntluTs est.ihlished theinsehes as shii.pms; nier , ,■ , , 

, , persdiis are emiilii\ed. A new addUmn has Iuh 

ehants in I'r, .videnee, and then- tnan beeame the ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ -^ , ^,^ , .^^^^ 

leailinij- nne in the e.ik.nx. In 17110 the Iimusi 



has e\er smee lieen ret.ained. I 'mil alxml 1 S_:;u 
the liiisiness \\,is ehiellv ei uimierei.il. hill earl\ 
m the last eenlur\ an interest was seeiired in 
-..me <il the first edttnn mills. In lSj<) the linn 



will l,'iri;el\ inerease the iiiitpnt ■ il the mill when 
tlu 111 \\ niaidiiner\ is pnt in. The engine and 
ImiiUt liiiiise extends I'mni the eeiiter 1 il the mdl 
;; teel in the rear and is ~J leet wide, and 



-larted a entton mill ami loiiiided the \ill.a,L;e ■ il ' 1 1 i> 

''"'^ . . shelters a J.oixi limse ]iiiwer eiini|iiiimd dmiliK 

l.'insdale. ."suu-e tli.il lime the mannlaeliire ..1 



i-iiltiiil ekitli has heen the eliiel' luismess of tin- 
house. Ihe varidiis enterprises, whuh taken 



enL;"ine 

Ihe name \nn and llojie is in lioiuir 1 it the 
wi\"es iif ihe two ehiel founders of the Lonsdale 



together fonii one of the half-do/en most exteii- , , , , 

' ^ ( o., and ;ilso to ]ierpeliiate ihe names o| two 
-ive aijureualioiis of e.illou mills m the eoimlrx. 1 o v 

■^•^ -^ . lamous ships owned a eeiitiir\ a.L;o li\ I.rown & 

are operated under dittereiil corporate and tirm mo w ar oi' 1 . ' 1 

' i^oi.v- I ,, , , !\es. Ihe !\e\ . William l.lacksione, wlio set- 



n 



allies nanielx, the Lonsdale ( o, the I'.erkek , ,: , 1,; 1 1 1 1 1 , .■ 1 .• i> 

' • """ ^ ■• ijril 111 Kliode Island a short time helore Kooer 

(o the llope (o. (i.iddard I'.rothers and . ■,,,,-, 1' 

■• "" 'I . . Williams l.imided Providence, is siipji.ised lo 

"sinr"es \ ( ,aiiimell. Ihe cotton lactones an' , , 1 -i 1 ■. .- , 1 ■ ai 

- ""■-'^ '^ ha\"e li.ul Ills resilience oii the sUe ol this mill, 

ne.arlv .ill kir^e, modern stnicinres, :md are 

' " .iiid the spot w as know 11 as ^'tiuh llill. \ iiioii- 

sitnated at l.oiisdale. I'.erkelex and .\sliton 111 ,- oi 1 , 1 ■ ,1 n 

'^ ''" inneiit 111 honor ol l.lackstone siaiuls in the mill 

the I'.l.ackstoiie \ allev. and at I'hemx and llopi 

in the I'awtuxel \ alle\ , The mill at l'.erkele\ 

was erected m 1S7J, and is a tirst-ckass modern 



.\aril. 

American Card Clothing Co. — .^hl^tlfacturers 



s, 



,. , 11, ,1,,. i',,,-i ,.1,., ( o the "I card clothint;' for cotton and woolen mill 

tnu'llire, operati'il li\ liU !a-IKtic\ v le, uu r. 

1 11 • nv ,. ,,, o ,, ,i' ih,. Ill,- lieiii" with surface, side-ground or needle iioints, I-"x- 

other nulls in I hlleieiil SCI lions ol I 111 si.iu I H m^ ^ \ '^ 1 

1 .1111 11 ,,,,,,, . I oiii, ,n,„1,iii cliisi\'e American licenses tor the patent I'de.xi- 

suhstanlial limldiii,:.;s, well ei|nip]'ei! Willi moiuiii 1 

, ■ fort card cloths. Works located at siS Warren 
nuiclniiers', -' 

On .a site which h.as man.\ pleasing historic street, Providence. Incoriiorated, June 4. 1S90. 



hisiness head(.|uarters, Worcester, Mass. lie- 
sitles the Providence factory, there are factories 



memories, in the \illa-e of lamsdale, staiuL the 
Aim and lloiu- .Mill, one of the liiiesi cotton 

■,,1 , • ,, ,,■,,..; ,, ■,,,,! ,i-r,n..,. in Leicester, Worcester, Philadelphia, Walpole, 

mills ill the ci mntrv 111 coiisti iiction ,mi I ,11 1 .(iil;i. - 1 ■ 1 

, , 1", • ,..v, 1 , .1, 1 ,, ,1 ,1, I ,, North Antlover Depot, Manchester, Lowell and 

nieiil. It \\as Iniilt 111 i.SMi li\ the l.onsiLih 1 o. 1 • 

, , ■ ,1 I ,. ,1 I,' <i, 1,1 „, ,i,,,,,,,;i Lawrence. The officers are: Charles A. 

and w as desi^nei II i\ rr.ink I . .^iu 11 Ion. I la win 

1 n . 1;. ., .,,,1 .,,,,;,„.,.r ,,t' I'roxi Ueunev, of Leicester, President; I'ahvin l?rown, 

known iiiiil aichitecl .iml eiiL;iiieel oi 1 nwi- j' 



of Worcester, Treasurer; II. Arthur White, of 
Philadelphia, Secretary. 



deme. The hiiildiiii.; is an imposm-- simctina 
of hrick with L;ramte trinmiiiigs. Lacing the rail- 
road and o\erlooking ,1 ]iicinreM|iie reach of ihe Kent Manufacturing Co. — Manufacturers of 
lUackstiiiie l\i\er. with tin- old village oi Lmis- fancy cassimeres, worsteds and cloakings. 
il.aK' in the li,ick'_;riiiiiiil The eiilire front, as lousiness established in 1S7J by the Kent 
iirigm.ilU hiiilt, is 1 1X4 feit. of wliiidi the iii.iin Woolen Co. Incorporated in i.Sgj. Capitalized 
portion is 4i)S feet lon^. iiii feel wiile .iiid fom fur s;ioo,000. Phiiploy 160 hands. Factory 
stories in height. The lirst stor\ has heen iiseil locateil ill Centrevdlle, R. I. The officers of 
lor weaMiiL;, ihe -ecoiid for carding, the third the company are : Richard ICdgar Waterhouse, 
aiul fourth for mule spimiin.i.;. fr.aine spinnin.L;, President; George B. Waterhouse, Treas- 
spooling. w.arping and slashing. The second urer. ( )ne ol the iiromment manufacturing 
Itoor of the iwo-stor\ ii.irt is the lapper mom. plants of the State, ]irodncing a fine line 
The \vi'a\e room oceii])iis the whole length of of goods. 



B 




I',I( )(,U.\I'1I1C.\1. IIISlokN' nl 1111 MAM'I'WC rrkiiks 



Hopkins Machine Works, l!ii(l<;ctoii, R. I., A 
S, I Iiipkins, |iMi|)i icldi, is Incited (in Clear River 
ill the villaL;e ut Hri(li;"et()ii (lnwn (it Hiirrillvillo, 
R. I.) which is a [lart nt the \-illai;e of !'ascoa<; 
alth(iu^i;h a I'nst ( )irK.-e is maintained here. The 
main huildinL; is built nf stone, two stories and 
an attic, situated parallel to the rivei', just below 
the dam. .\nnther and lari^er two stor\- stone 
buikiing, with tlat roof, forms a wing at right 
angles with main structure. 'I'his principal 
.structure, together with loui- adj.icent buildnigs, 
used res[.)ectivel}- as, tirass foundiw forge shop, 
wood shop and ol'lice, 
and storage buildings, 
constitute the works 
proper. The entire 
])lant is situated in 
one of the most pic- 
tures(|ue localities to 
be lound in this sec- 
tion of the state. 'I'he 
business was estab 
lished in :S:;4 by 
Augustus I lo|)kins, 
(grandf.ither ol the 
jM esent proprietor), 
with Horace W. 1 lop 
kins (a nephew) as 
pi.trtner, tor the man- 
ufacture of spindles, 
ri)-ers, ca[.)S, tubes, 
etc., etc, for cotton, 
Woolen, worsted, silk 
and tlax machinetv. 
The name ot .\, I [op- 
kins (S: Co. was adopt 
etl at that time as the 
title of the tirm, and 
the same was retained 

until June, 1S99. when the name was chan-ed 
to " llo[ikins Machine Works." .\ui;aslus 
]Iopkins learned the trade of s])indle maker in 
llarrisville, R. I., where he worked until 1S34, 
when he came to what was then known as l.au 
rel Ridge, (now Bridgeton) and started this 
business on his own account. In 1^43 .\iigustiis 
l)ecame sole owner, and ever since th.it time the 
business has been m the hands ot his descend 
ants. His son Horatio 1.. Hopkins, and son- 
in law Mr. James .\ I'otter, weietak(.'ii in part 
nership about I.'^SS. i'"rom this time the -eneial 
management of the business de\'oKed u|ion 



II 1,, Hopkins until his death in January, 1.S76. 
I'liim I .Sjii to J une. 1 ,S(j(j, the business was carried 
on b\- 1 he present owner, A.S. I lopkins, associated 
with James .\. I'otter as partner. [une, 1S99, 
h.i\iiiL; bou;j,ht out Mr. Potter's interests, .\. S. 
I lopkins became sole ].)roprietor of the business, 
."-iince his connection with business in iHGS. 
it has been very materially extended and the 
buildim;s have l.ieen enlarged, increasing the 
capacity of the works about threefold. A brass 
loimdry has been built, and a line of improved 
machiner)' such as cloth washers, fulling mills, 

piece dyeing machin 
er)', etc., for woolen 
mills, has been ailded 
to the list of goods 
produced by this con 
I- e r n . Si n c e t h e 
toimdiiiL; ol the busi- 
f.. ness this concern has 

#^ always enjoyed a 

most enviable repu- 
tation tor the char- 
acter ami ciuality of 
its goods, as well as 
to the character ami 
integrity of the firm. 
Addison S. Hopkins, 
the present owner, 
was born in Scituate, 
R. I., August 3, 1X44, 
removed to liuirill- 
ville in 1S47 with his 
]iarents, was educated 
in the Public Schools 
of the town, Xichols 
Academy, Dudley, 
Mass., New Hamp- 
ton Literary Insti- 
tute, New Hampton, N. IP, and Eastman's 
Pusiness College, Poughkeepsie, N. \'. After 
fitting for college he inclined to a mechanical 
and business career, rather than professional, so 
entered the ot'ticeand shoj). In i8f)8 he became 
a member of the tirm, and in 1S76, on the death 
ot his father, assumed general management of 
the business. Mr. A. S. Hopkins married 
Sept. 7, iN')5, Juliette Iv, daughter of Angell 
and Sarah (Ballon) Sayles. They have three 
children, W'aklo Augustus, Horatio Angell and 
Winifred Sayles. Mr. llo[)kins was a member 
of the 'Pown Council in 1885, also member of 




Addison S. Hopl<ins, 



AND lUSIM'.SS MICN OF RllOUl-: ISLAND. 



83 



the School Committee. Me was elected Senator 
in 1 886 and served his town iti this capacity for 
four years. lie was Aid on Gov. Ladd's Staff 
during his two terms of office. In April, 1900, 
he was again elected Senator from Burrillville, 
and is a member of the State Finance Commit- 
tee, and in 1901, was appointed by Gov. Gregory 
a member of the State Returning IJoard for 
four years. Mr. Hopkins is a man of character 
and enjoys the full confidence and esteem of 
his townsmen and associates. 



The proprietor, Mr. Scott, was born in Provi- 
dence, October 27, 1878. Learned the trade of 
a machinist in the Providence Manual Training 
High School 

Allendale Co., manufacturers of wide cotton 
sheetings, quilts, etc. Business established in 
1823 by Zachariah Allen. Incorporated in 1861. 
Capitalized for 590,000. ICmploy 175 hands. 
Factory located in y\llendale, North Providence, 
R. I. Officers: William D. K\y, President and 
Treasurer, who is a native of Hartford, Conn.; 



I 









iTFr. 



\ -- 



.^"p. 




Hopkins Machine Works, Bridgeton, R. I. 



Slater Weaving Co. — Manufacturers of linen 
fabrics for toweling and table covers. P'actory 
456 Potter's Ave., Providence. The business 
was established by William K. Slater in 1900, 
who was born in Taunton, Mass., Nov. i, 1868. 
Mr. Slater learned the trade of a weaver and 
was an overseer in \'arious mills throughout New 
Fngland prior to establishing the present busi- 
ness. Joseph D. I^lack became a member of the 
firm October i, 1900, who was born in Cum- 
berland R. I., January 7, 1876. 

Henry L. Scott & Co. — Manufacturers of 
special machinery and jewelers' and machinists' 
tools. Shop rear 95 Pine street, Providence. 



(ieorge W. Gould, Secretary and General Man- 
ager, was born in Deleware county. New \'ork, 
in 1838. The original factory built in 1823 now 
in use, although there have been important ad- 
ditions built since the first factory was completed. 
Maine Creamery Co. — Manufacturers of ice 
cream and dealers in cream and creamery but- 
ter. The capacity of their plant is 1000 gallons 
of ice cream daily. Business established by G. 
W. Smith, of Bangor, .Me., in 1890. Works 
located at 69 Broadway, Providence. The com- 
I)any do mostly a wholesale business, and is 
probably the largest ice cream manufactory in 
the state. 



S4 



ni()(;K.\riii('.\i 



1IISI()K\- i)|' I'lli; M.\\l'l''ACTrKl'.R.S 



Providence Gas Co. As m.uuilacturcrs of <;as 
lor illuminaliiii^ and niaiuitacturinj;- ]iiir[)oscs 
the l'r(i\'itlciu'e (ias Co. [irobably has no superi- 
ors in this roiintry. Their ])ro(hieini;- plants, 
tiie West and Soiitii Stations, iUustiations ol 
which are shown upon the lolNiwinj; ])aL;es, aie 
loeateil on the liailior front with ample whail 
facilities for the ilischarj;inL; ol theii- roal l)ar};es. 
thereby enabling the conipaii)' to put in their 
r.iw material at the \-ery lowest cost ])ossible, 
and which is one of the j;reat lactois that eiia 
bles the i-ompany to produce first ipiality <^as at 
the reasonable pi ice of <,i.io per thousand cubic 

feet, whicli is the i)rice 

that the consiimeis ha\e 
]),ud f(ii a number of 
\ears. Both Stations 
are e<piipped with e\'ery 
modern appliaiKC tor 
tiie production ol coal 
and water gas, with a 
ca])acity for a daily jiro- 
duction ol loui- million 
cubic feet. There are 
sulhcient Imlders located 
at the stations and 
tliroughout the city, 
nearly all ol which are 
inclosed with substantial 
brick structures, and 
these supjjly the consu- 
mers in the city of l'ro\' 
idence, Mast I'rovidence, 
and many ol the outly- 
ing districts, in the 
towns of C'ranstoii, John- 
ston, North I'rovidence, 
etc. Hesides the gasholders at the stations, 
there are ten within the district couti'olled by 
the Providence (ias ("o., all of which are in first 
class condition. There are at pieseut j/n miles 
of gas mains laid, and jS,(X)0 meters in 
use. These two iiroducing stations have a 
capacity suificient to sii])ply the cit\' of I'rovi 
deuce and its neighljoriiig territory with first 
<]uality ol gas lor a |)o])ulation l.ir in excess ol 
the present. 

Tiie i'id\idence Gas Co, was chartered in 
1847, and organized lor actual business in i.S.jN. 
The first lioard of l)irectors was composed ol 
some ol the most prominent business men ol 
that pel iod, as follows: lolui (arter i'lrown. 




John W. Ellis 



.\mos 1). .Smith, Thomas 1'. Shep]iard, 1-a.lward 
Walcott, /. W . lloldeii, C. iUirnett, Jr., .Moses 
H. Lockwood. W. W, llo])pin and T. l^eckwith. 
b'.recting a small plant the company began dis- 
tributing gas in hecember, 1 .S4S, the pnice to 
consumers being ;S4.ou per thousand cubic feet. 
.Si.\ million cubic feet were sup])lied in 1 S49, 
while in the \ear ujOd the company supplied 
y ',(i,\ 1,2,000 cubic feet. 

In 1.S55 Al|iheiis ji. .Slater w.is em]ilo)'ed by 
llie com[)an\- ; in i.SjiS was appointed Chief 
Clerk; in March, iSfKj, he was elected Assistant 
Treasurer, and in l''ebruar_\', 1.S70, he was elected 
a Director, I'reasurer 
and Secretary with the 
additional duties of (ien- 
eial Ahinager, which 
position he held contin 
iiously until March, 1901, 
his entire term of ser\-ice 
with the company co\er- 
ing a period of about 
forty-eight years. Mr. 
Slater has been honored 
by being elected to the 
presidency of various 
bodies of gas manufac- 
turers throughout the 
counti}', and his long 
e.\i.ierience has made 
him a widely known au- 
thority on all tpiestions 
relating to the manufac- 
ture of gas. 

.\t the annual meeting 
of the company in .March, 
MM )l .the following Hoard 
of hiiectors w.is chosen : Col. William (ioddard. 
Royal C. Tall. ( icorge \\ . I\. Matteson, New- 
ton 1). .\rnold, J. b'.dward Studley, I lent)' 
IVaice, |ohn W, I^Uis, Is.iac C. Hates and Rob 
ert 11. 1, (loddard. The Hoard of 1 )irectors 
elected the olfici-i s l<u the year ,is follows : John 
W. I'.llis, Hresident .111(1 Manager: William (lod- 
dard, \'ice-Hresideiit : William 1'. Nye, Treas- 
urer and .Secretaiw 

lohn W, i'lllis, the new (ienei.il Manager of 
the companw was born in Woonsoiket, R. I., 
.Se|)tember 7, I<'s45. He learned the business 
ol a civil engineer, and located in Woonsocket 
in that business in 1SO9, where he has h:id an 
ol'lice ever since, and has recently had headqiiar- 



AND husim:ss mi;x ui' 



IUDI-; ISLAND. 



85 



ters in Hoston. He was town engineer of 
Woonsocket from 1870 until some time after its 
incorporation as a city, which included the laying 
out of the water works system of that city. Mr. 
Ellis was chief engineer of the Providence and 
Worcester road from 1875 till the time it was 
leased to the New York, New Haven and Hart- 
ford, and during his incumbency of that office 
all the bridges were xebuilt and the double 



tion of grade crossings, and is now consulting 
engineer for the cities of Taunton, Haverhill 
and Cambridge on grade crossing abolition mat- 
ters and on many more important commissions. 
I lis long experience in the management of large 
forces of men, and in the laying of pipe systems, 
together with his extensive knowledge of civil 
engineering, will prove of great value to the 
company. 




Providence Gas Co., West Station. 



tracking of the road was completed. He was 
consulting engineer of the Old Colony road until 
its lease to the New Haven and was chief en- 
gineer of the Milford, Franklin and Providence 
road and the Rhode Island and Massachusetts 
road. He is one of the engineering experts for 
the Lonsdale Company, and others in their suits 
against the city of Woonsocket for diverting the 
water supply, the cities of Cambridge and Fall 
River and for parties in Readville on the aboli- 



WiUiam !'. Nye, the newly-elected Treasurer, 
was born in New Bedford, Mass., October 14. 
1846; and has been in the employ of the com- 
pany as Chief Clerk for many years. His per- 
sistent and faithful labors have made him one 
of tiie most valuable men in the service of the 
coni]iany. 

Armstrong Carriage Co.— Manufacturers of all 
kinds of light and heavy carriages, automobile 
bodies, etc. l-"actory located in Wakefield, R. I., 



»l 



lUOl.k AI'IIK .\l, IIISI()K\- ol- llll. MAM |-.\( riRl.kS 



business headquarters and earriaj;e repository, 
42 Cranston street, I'ro\i(lence. lunjiloys 50 
hands, lousiness established in W'akelield in 
1S71 l:>v Cliarles II. Armstrong, who was born 
in South Kingston. R, I., November 30, 1837. 
.\tter running the business in iiis own name 
until! 1883, his two sons, John R. and Charles 
C. were admitteil as ]iartners in the business, 
and the lirni name became ( . II. .\rmstrong iv 
Sons. In .March, 1899, the business was incor- 
porated under the name of the /Xrmstrong Car- 
riage Co., and capitalized for ^50,ooo. The 
officers of the corporation are John R. Arm- 
strong, I'resitlent and Treasurer; B. 1-". Robin- 



ous parts of the country, and they have won a 
reputation for st\'le, ease and wearing qualities 
that ])laces their name at the head of the list of 
American manufacturers. 

Phoenix Spinning Co — Manufacturers of wool- 
en and merino yarns. Make a specialt)- of 
custom s|)inning tor m.inufacturers sending in 
their own wool or stock. Husiness established 
in i.Si)j by Pardon S. I'eckham. jr.. and I-'rank 
W. Tillinghast. I'"actor\' located at I 1 West 
I''..\change street, Pro\idence. Mr. I'eckham 
was born in Coxentry. R. I., August 24, 1S5;. 
Mr. Tillinghast is a native of llopkinton, R. I. 




PiovidiMice Gas Co., South StaliiiD. 



son, Jr., .Secretary ; Charles C. Armstrong, 
Superintendent of factory, lohn R. Armstrong, 
who is the (ieneral Manager of the business, was 
born in New ^'ork, Januar\' 5, iSdo; Charles 
C. Armstrong was born in New \'ork State, 
.March i.^, 1S62. 'The repository of the company 
on Cranston street is one of the largest in New 
Taigland, and is stocked with elcg.iut designs ui 
carriages of nearly every description, inchuling 
top buggies, coupes, coaches, dog carts, jump 
seats, landaus and a great variety of patterns 
of each kind. And all of these caniages are 
made at their factory in Wakefield, from the 
\'ery best stock that can be procured, and their 
workman are the most skilled that they can 
employ. 'Their carriages are in demand in \-.iri- 



Elmwood Button Co. -Manufacturers ot but 
tons tor humdry use. Made from biich wmul 
with live coats of enamel, gi\'ing them the .i|)- 
pe.ii.ince of a metal button : make 800 a minute 
tioin a long round stick of birch wood 1, of an 
ituh ill diameter. Husiness established by 
Rodolph !•'. .Mor^e in iSny. the 'Tie.isurer of the 
comp.iiiv !''.i(toiv on (lolf street, Troxidence. 

Victor Shaw Ring Traveler Co — .Mamifactu 
rcrs ot ling tr.u'elers. Husiness established in 
1899 and incorporated the same year. Capit.tl 
i/ed for S_'0,ooo. Works located at _', .Sabin 
street. Providence. ( )fficers. Amos P. Haker. 
President : \ irgil T'isher. .Secretary and Treas- 
urer; ()r\ille I'isher. (ieneral Manager; \"ictor 
C. .Shaw, .Superintendent. 



AND HUSINHSS MKN OF RHODE l.Sl.ANlX 



^7 



J. T. Slocomb & Co. — Manufacturers of mi- 
crometer calipers and combination centre drills, 
the latter for the i3ur[)ose of centering lathe 
work. The business was established in 1891 
by the present proprietors, and they have de- 
veloped a very extensive trade in their special- 
ties. They send their goods to nearly all parts 
of the world. I-'actory located at 227 ICddy 
street, I'roviilence. Employ 20 hands. John 
T. Slocomb was born in Little River Mills, 
Canada, July 21, 1x64, and came to the United 
States the same year. Learned the trade of 
,, i.M , ,. a machinist in Bangor, 

Me., and 1 ocat ed \w 
Providence in i.'s.S/. 
Vox two years was em- 
ployed by l^rown & 
Sharpe Mfg. Co., and 
the same length of time 
by the Rhode Island 
Locomotive Works. In 
icSgi he entered into 
partnershij) with C. K. 
Harlow for the purj.iose 
of manufacturing goods 
as d e s cribed above. 
Charles V.. Barlow was 
born in Norwich, Conn., 
July 22, iiS67. Learned 
the trade of a machinist 
at Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co., and after a num- 
ber of years' experience among other manufac- 
turing concerns as a journeyman, he entered 
into partnership with J. T. Slocomb under the 
firm name of J. T. Slocomb & Co. 

The calipers made by this company are pro- 
tected by two patents that pertain to the adjust- 
ments and the form of the frame. The accom- 
panying cut is of a new micnmieter caliper 
having a bow of I section and with its anvil 
formed solidly with the frame which is of steel ; 
the adjustment commonly made by an anvil 
screw is made in this tool at the other end. The 
cut shows the one inch caliper full size wdiich 
measures from O to i" by thousandths. The 
two inch size starts at one inch and measures 
two inches, it being the same as the one inch in 
other respects. The anvil, being the same size 
as the screw and end of the frame, makes the 
caliper convenient for measuring very close to a 
shoulder, and this, with the proportion of open- 
ing of the bow, allows a shoulder 3-16 mch high 




to be measured up to the full capacity of the 
tool. The anvil is also made higher than com- 
mon so that measuring can be done in a recess 
or back of a rib or other slight projection. 
There are no decimal ecjuivalents stamj^ed upon 
the bow or frame, a similar result being accom- 
plished in another way. Graduations on the 
other side are extended on every 1-8 inch di- 
vision or those that read decimally .125 inch. 
These lines are numbered on the lower side 
from I to 8, so that the too! is readily set by 
eighths without considering the decimal gradu- 
ation at all, and without any manner of calcula- 
tion. Decimal ecpiivalents within i-S inch are 
stamped upon the thimble, and therefore if a 
person chooses he need not use the decimal 
system, except for measurements between 
eights, but this arrangement in no way inter- 
feres with reading the tool in decimals the regu- 
lar way. 

Rodman Manufacturing Co. — Manufacturers 
of doeskin jeans, cotton yarn and warps. Busi- 
ness established by Robert Rodman in 1847. 
Incorporated in 1883. Capitalized for $500,000. 
h'.mploy 500 hands. ( Jfficers: Albert Rodman, 
President; Walter Rodman, Secretary and Trea- 
surer. l<'actories located at North and South 
Kingstown. LaFayette Mill at LaFayette, Sil- 
ver Spring woolen mill, at Silver Spring, Shady 
Lea cotton mill at Shady Lea, all in North 
Kingston, R. I. Wakefield woolen mill at 
Wakefield, South Kingston, R. I. The LaFayette 
mill is the largest of the four factories, and one 
of the most attractive woolen mills in the State. 
The productions of these mills have always borne 
a hio'h reputation for excellence of quality. .Mr. 
Robert Rodman is one of the patriarchs of the 
woolen and cotton industry of South County, 
and while his two sons now bear the burden 
of the business, he is still very vigorous and 
active and apparently as interested in the tex- 
tile business as he w^as when a young man, 
although he has passed considerably beyond the 
eightieth milestone. 

John H. Althans Co. — Makers of bread, cake, 
ice cream and general pastry goods. Business 
established by John H. Althans many years 
ago, and incorporated in 1900. Bakery located 
at 207 Brook street. Providence. luiiploy 50 
hands. Officers: John H. Althans, President; 
Allen J. Arnold, Treasurer and General Mana- 
ger ; Henry T. Braman, Secretary. 



88 



lUoCRAlMlICAI. IIISK )\<\ t )| 



1 111', MAXlFACTrRI'.RS 



A. B. Pitkin Machinery Co. Dealers in new 
and second hand inachineiy and supplies. Husi- 
iiess establisheil 1)\- lolin W. Hovnton in llart- 




Walter C. Young. 

tui'd, Conn., in 18511. Incorporated in January, 
1891. Oflicers: Waltei- ('. \'(iuiif;-, I'lesiilent 
(anies T. Thornton, \'ice-rrcsident antl Tieas- 




iirei-; l'"reil S. Sweet, Asst. Treasurer and Sec- 
ret. iry. ()rnce and salesrooms located at 39 
l-;\ihan<;e I'lace, Providence, t'apitalized for 
^100,000; employ 25 hands. 

The business was bought of Mr. Hoyntcm by 
.Allied H. I'itkin in 1879, and removed to the 
cits' ot Providence, when the business was 
c.irricd on under the name of A. h. Pitkin, the 
]iresent name bcmj; .idupted u[)on the incor[)ora- 
tion ot the company, and for many years the lo- 
cation ol the Scdesrooms was at the corner of 
Washington street and Ivxchange Place, with a 
lloor space ot about 6750 square feet, but the 
business has so far increased until at the present 




James T. Thornton. 



Fit-d S Swt'cl- 

tinic it ic(|uircs lour buildings in ililferent [larts 
ol the I it\' toi' sales and wareroonis, amounting 
to o\ei' 100,000 square tect of floor s])ace. 

This rapid increase was due to the infusion ol 
VoLuig blooil nito the business in the year ol 
1891, W'altci C \ dung, the President of the 
comp.iiu', who was born in Providence m 1861, 
cnti'rcd the comjianv as one of the incoiporators, 
occupying the oliuc of Secietary until 1898, 
when he w.is elected \'ice President. lie held 
this position until njui, when he was elected 
Piesident o| the comiiany. As a boy he was cm- 
plo\ed bv the I'erkms Mfg. Co., now known as 
the I ).ivol Rubber Co. At the age of seventeen 
he enteied the employ of Belcher 15ros., now the 



AND BUSINESS MEN OE KllUOl-: ISLAND. 



«9 



Kelcher& Looniis Hardware Co. After .serving 
this company for thirteen years, he resigned liis 
position to become one of tlie incorporators of 




Alfred B. Pitkin. 

the A. 11 Pitkin Machinery Co., and his long 
commercial e.xperience ])roved of great advant- 
age to the company as its growtii and expansion 
gives ample evidence of. 

James T. Thornton, who entered the 
employ of the company in i(S'9i as book- 
keeper, was born in Lonsdale, K. I., in 1868, 
and received his education in the city of 
Fall River, Mass. In 18Q5 he became 
Asst. Secretary of the company, and in 
1898 was elected Secretary; in 1900 was 
elected Treasurer, and in 1901 was elected 
\'ice President and Treasurer, and the en- 
tire business is now under the management 
of Mr. Thornton. Prior to entering the em- 
[)loy of this company, he was an e.vpert ac- 
countant, with an e.xperience in cotton 
mills, as a boy, and trained in office work 
at the American Print Works of l-'all River. 
Prior to becoming an accountant he had 
learned the machinist and cabinet makers 
tratles, which he acquired after school 
hours in the different shops of the city. 
Mr. Thornton has represented the com 
pany in various [larts of the United .States, 



among the mills and machine shops, and to his 
energy and tact as a salesman is largely due the 
success of the company. .Mr. Thornton is a 
member of many local organizations, and Presi- 
dent of the ICdgewood ]5oat Club. 

I'led S. Sweet, the Secretary and Asst. Trea- 
surer of the company, was born in Providence, 
in 1867. He entered the employ of Bugbec & 
Thompson at the age of seventeen, and after 
serving three years with this company, he ac- 
cejited a position as book-keeper for the Kent & 
Stanley Co., of Providence, where he remained 
for a term of nine years, hi April, i8g6, he re- 
signed his position there to accept a |iosition as 
book-keeper for the A. 15. Pitkin .Machinery Co.. 
which department now comes under his control 
as Secretary of the company. In February, 
1898, he was elected Asst. Secretary of the 
company, in January 1900, he was elected Asst. 
Treasurer, and in P'ebruary, 190 1, he was elec- 
ed Secretary and Asst. Treasurer. His exten- 
sive experience as a book-keeper brought to 
this company another valuable acquisition that 
has proven a great help in pushing forward 
the immense \nlume of trade that has been 
develojied. 

Mr. A H. Pitkin is a native of Connecticut, 
he ha\'ing been born there in 1833; he establish- 
ed in Pro\-idence a business that has been de- 




Office and Salesrooms, A. B. Pitkin Machinery Co., 
39 Exchange Place, Providence. 



90 



liioLkAi'iiKAi. iiisr()R\- oi-' rill': manti-ac tiriirs 



veloped since its inc(ir|)or,itii)ii to a ma^iiitude 
that few similar coiicerns in the counti)' can 
equal, eithci- in the \iilunieiil business or in the 




Walter H. Manchester. 

class of machinery hainlleil. While this com- 
pany tio not maniilacture in the strict sense 
of the teiau. yet they handle more machinery 
than niaii)' nt dur lari;est maniifactui crs of 
machiner)', their class of troods ian<;ing all the 
way from a [nilley to a roving- frame, including 
every kind of textile nKudiiiie that is made in 
this or any othi-r conntr\- tint is in demand here 
among our manutact ureis, Mr. i'ltkin, on ac- 
count of ill health, h.is had \eiy little to do with 
the business during the jjast si.x years, the hulk 
fit its management having devolved upon Mr. 
Thornton and Mr. \'oung. 

Manchester & Hudson. I )ealei s in masons' 
materials, including brick, lime, cement, drain 
])ipe, calcined plaster, stone, etc. liusiness es- 
tablished by W. II. Manchester and j. II. Hud- 
son in 1 8/8, at 354 luldy street, Trovidenci', and 
located at their present place at 55 I'oint street 
in iSSS. 'Ihcy are among the largest dealers in 
masons' and builders' materials of any in South 
ern New l-^ngland. Their jilant co\ers over an 
area of 40,000 square feet of land bordering on 
the harbor with ample wharfage facilities. 
There are several buildings for storage ptn^ 
poses, and the ollice of the concern is situ.ited 
on the i'oint street side of their |ilant Their 



up town olflce is at 35 Weybosset street. They 
are ])ro\ided with a wharf slip 300 feet in length 
am|)ly wide enough for all kinds of vessels that 
are recpiired to shii) their goods from one port to 
another, with a harbor frontage 100 feet, making 
a total of 400 feet of dockage, and this being 
situated just north of I'oint Street draw bridge 
gives this compan_\' the advantage of a sujierior 
location foi' carrying on their extensi\'e business, 
because it is in the very heart of the business of 
the cit}-. Probably no company in I'rovidence 
has luinished more supplies for the great manu- 
facturing and mercantile buildings of the State 
than Manchester's; Hudson, their business re- 
i|uiiing the services of kj men besides a number 
ot deli\ei"v teams. 

James .'-^. Hudson, the senior member ot the 
tiiin. was born in I'rovidence, December 5, 1S33. 
Was President of the Builders and Traders V.\- 
change of Providence for a number of years, 
also connected with the lUiilding Material Kx 
change ol New \'i)ik anil member of Providence 
Piiard of Ti-ide. Walter H. Manchester was 
ixiin in Providence. August lO, 1S51. The 
comixiny are agents for American Sewer Piiie 




James S. Hudson. 

( o., Ilolfm.m Rosendale cement. Diagon Port- 
land lement, also for the best grades of lime 
and brick. 



A\D HLSINMSS MKX OF KIKJDl-: ISLAND. 



91 



Rodolph F. Morse. — Manufacturer and pro- 
prietor of (iilhcrt's self-packing glass gauge 
preserver, one of the most useful inventions 




Rodolph F. Morse. 

that have been brought out during the past 
decade, and one that promises to take the place 
of all other inventions or appliances for the 
packing of glass gauges, which have never over- 
come the effects of the expansion and contrac- 
tion of the glass, caused by the heat from the 

boiler, \v ater and 
steam, thereby crack- 
ing the gauge and 
making it worthless. 
The invention is what 
might be termed a 
rubber washer, so 
made as to enable the 
nut to hold the glass 
gauge ih place per- 
f e c 1 1 y water tight 
w i I li play r o o m 
enough to overcome 
the effect of e.xjian- 
sion and contraction, 
thereby making it im- 
possible for the glass gauge to break from that 
cause. Makes a perfect seating and prevents 
blowing and eating away of the glass. Can be 
adjusted without the use of a wrench : lubrica- 




tors will not leak when jjacked with these [ire- 
servers. Invented by Ilenry K. (iilbert in 
i8g8; patent secured March 28, 1899. Patents 
also secured in many foreign countries, includ- 
ing Great firitain, l^elgium, I'Vance, and the 
Dominion of Canada. K. F. Morse, the pro- 
l)rietor, was born in Boston, Mass., March 3, 
1856. For many years a commercial traveller. 
Ottice, 33 luldy street, Providence, K. I. 

George W. Edmunds. — Manufacturer of all 
kinds of fine carriages, and bodies for automo- 
biles. l?usiness established in i860. Was ap- 
prenticed to learn the blacksmith trade at twelve 
years of age. Works located at 75 to 79 Clif- 
ford street. Providence. Mr. Edmunds was 
born in Montville, Me., Nov. 13, 1836. 

Charles 0. Normandy & Co. — Manufacturers 
of house shoes and sliiipers. lousiness estab- 
lished by Mr. Normandy in 1899. Works lo- 
cated at 143 Summer street. Providence, which 
are well ec|uip])etl with modern machinery. 
Charles (3. Normandy was born in Lynn, Mass., 
( )ctober 12, 1878. Began to learn the shoe 
makers trade at the age of 1 1 years, and was 
employed by his father in the same business 
for a number of years before establishing busi- 




Charlcs 0. Normandy. 

ness on his own account. Trade largely in New 
York and New Fngland States. The only com- 
pletely equip[)ed shoe factory in the State. 



9-^ 



HK K.KAl'llH .\I. lllSlnK\- ol Till, M A M ' 1- AC 11' Rl-KS 



Smith Bros. — Maiuilarturcrs of a <;cneral line 
(it chcip leweliy, iiKirc cspi'cialK for use amoiif,^ 
mamitact nrin<' cdiitecticmeis, tn lie L;iveii awav 




James Smith. 

in [)rize packages, and in other ways. One of 
the largest manufacturers of cheap jewelry in 
the State, with an e\tensi\c plant, inchidiiig u]i- 
to-date modern machinei \'. The company em- 
[iloy a large force of dtummeis, and their gootls 
are sold throughout the Tinted States anil 
many foreign c<uintrics, l-jigland licing the 
princijial market in luimpe, the South .American 
countries l.ieing the largest outside market that 
they have to su|)|ily. The gieat \ariet\ of 
their goods, and the wv\ low price at which 
they can sell them, enables the company to 
su|)])ly a demand that many leweliy mami- 
tacturers are unable to meet because of the 
immense tpiantities ic(|uired ,it a low price, so 
as t<i enable the buyer to give the goods away 
with his manufactured product as .i kind ol 
advcTtisement. l''actor\- located ;it .\'<i. 34 Hassett 
street, Providence. lousiness established by 
the present company ui r.Si)u l''.m|ilov when 
running lull force 150 hands, j.imes Smitli, ot 
the firm ot Smith Uros., was born in (i.inston, 
k. I., August II, iSdj. lie early learned the 
trade of a jeweler, as applied to manuf.icturing, 
and alter elcxen years experience among manu- 



tactuiing jewelers, wliere he gained a complete 
knowledge of the business, he began manu 
facturing for himself as a partner with his 
brother, under the tirm name of Smith Urothers, 
and the result of this copjartnership has been 
the product ion ot a phenomenal trade in the 
m.mulacture ot a line of jewelry that is in great 
demand among manufactuiers who ])roduce a 
line of goods that reipnre a jirize to be gi\'en 
awa\' with each aiticle purchased. The com- 
|ian\' may be said to stand comparativel)' alone 
m this p.irticidar line, and their goods are 
becoming morepo|iular as each season's demand 
IS being supplied. 

William Smith, of the hrm of Smith I'ros., 
was born in Ibipe N'allev, llopkinton, R. 1., 
l-'ebruary 11, 18(13. Regan to learn the 
jewelers' traile in 1S80, and made himself 
prolicient in e\"ery department of the business 
that has made more than a national re]nitation 
foi the cit\- of l'ro\ idence, this being in a sense 
the most prominent of all of its industries, so 
much so that its pioiluctsui this line arc known 
the worlil over. .Alter a number of years having 
been spent in the employ of other manufacturers, 
he became a ]iartner with his lirother under 
the coniiian\' name of Smith Brothers, and b)- 




Wilham Smith. 

their energv and pidicious advertising they have 
won a reputation in the commercial workl that 
is a credit to their cnterjirise. 



A\i> Hrsi\i:ss .Mi;.\ oi'" Riioni: island. 



93 



0. C. Devereux & Co. — Mamifactiirers of 
men's gold plated and pearl jewelry, a general 
line, lousiness established in 1873 under the 
firm name of J. ]■".. liraman & ("o., the members 
of the company being J. !•".. Hiaman, .Ste[)hen 
1'. Salisbury, andO. ('. Devcreu.x. The works 
were then established at 220 l-lddy street, where 
they made a line of gents' plated goods, the same 
as the comi)any now make. In January, nS-.S 
Mr. Hraman retired from the firm, and the name 
then became Salisbury is: Devereu.x, After one 
year Mr. Devereu.x bought out his partner's in- 
terest, and the firm name then was changed to 
(). (". Devereu.\& Co., 
that title being re- 
tained ever since that 
time. Mr. Devereu.x 
became thesoleowner 
of the business when 
Mr. -Salisbury sold his 
interest, and he has 
been sole proprietor 
from that time to the 
present. 

Oren C. Devereu.x 
was born in Johnston, 
R. I., April 9, 1837. 
After completing his 
education in the [nib- 
lic schools and Schol- 
field's Commercial 
C"oIlege. at the age of 
fifteen years he be- 
came an apprentice 
for William Johnson, 
then located at 14, 
now 71, Marshall 
street. Providence. Mr. Johnson made a gen- 
eral line of both gold and plated jewelry which 
enabled Mr. Devereu.x to secure a valuable early 
training, that should [^irovc of great service to 
him in the years that were to follow. 1 lis health 
failing, after two years, he went to work in a 
store, and March 4, 1857, he returned to com- 
plete his time in the jewelry business, this time 
with I'eck & Harton of 30 Page street. 1 1 ere he 
worked for thirteen months, or until he was 
twenty-one years of age. lie subsequently 
worked for Mr. Harton, after the death of Mr. 
Peck, until the war broke out. The jewelry 
business at that time being verv slow, Mr. 







• c ... 




^ 


i; 


i,~ 


1 '> 




v..r 


J»a-l 


i!/ 


/wi 


i^K^ 


''A A 


^^^HP;- 


m 





Oren C Devereux. 



Devereu.x went home and workeil on a farm for 
a year, and then he was engaged as a clerk in 
15radford's seed store on C'anal street. In 1865 
he again began working at the jewelry business, 
this time for Child & Morton. -Afterwards he 
was eniplo)ed by R. D. liorton, and was the 
superintendent of his shop for four years. Then 
in 1873, as already related, he began manufac- 
turing on his own account as a member of the 
firm of J. v.. Hraman & Co. In i88y Mr. Dev- 
ereux bought the mother-of-|)earl business that 
had been carried on by Charles L. Potter for 28 
years at 407 i'ine street. .Another floor was- 

hired for this depart- 
ment of the business, 
and since that time 
h e h a s made both 
lines of goods, com- 
bining gold plate with 
the pearl so far as 
possible, although 
some of the goods are 
made of pure pearl. 

l'"rom 1880 formally 
years the firm made a 
sjiecialtyof ".Stonine" 
j e welry, for gentle- 
men's cuff buttons, 
studs and scarf pins, 
a white com])osition 
to simulate linen, and 
which made a \-ery 
dressy article in the 
jewelry line, specially 

suited for full dress 

occasions. Mr. Dev- 
ereu.x held two pat- 
ents covering the method of fastening the stone 
to the shank of the button or stud. Mr. Dev- 
ereux practically had a monojioly of that branch 
ol the jewelry trade for many years, and it nat- 
urally proved a very profitable ilepartment of 
his business. Mr. Devereu.x has always been 
too bus}' with his business to think of anything 
in the line of public otfice, but by his strict busi- 
ness methods he has built up an extensive trade 
and a plant well equi|)ped with all the modern 
machinery and tools necessary to produce the 
finest lines of goods in the jewelry manufactur- 
ing business. ICmploy 40 hands when business 
is good. Mr. Devereux is a veteran ]'"ree Mason 
and Odd P'ellow and a member of several other 
organizations. 



94 



i;ii)(.K.\i'iiic.\i, iiiMMk\ ( M- iiii. M.wri AC rrRi;Ks 



E. L. Spencer & Co.— Manut.utiircrs ot ,t;i)l(l 
riii<;s togctliLT witli a s^cncial line nl jcuclry. 
Works liicatcd in the " I'.ninia" Hiiildini;", lorncr 
Ahorn and Washinj^tcm streets. Providence. 
Ml. lAerett I., Sjieiu'er, the sole propiietm' ot 
tlie business, was born in i'ro\'ideiiee, Apiil 2(). 
liSt)-. As a bov he heL;an to woik tor tlie jew 
clr\' tirni ol Waite, Snuth ^v- Co., remaining; with 
tiiat firm for ton years, the last toiii' )ears he 
was re|>resenting the company on the road. .\t 
the end of this time, he severed his connection 
with the t'lrm antl asso- 
ciated with (ieorge H. 

I lolmes iS; Co., becom- 
ing a traveler through 
the West tor the latter, 
remaining in that |)osi- 
tion for four months. 

I I IS connection with this 
house was brief, as he 
made arrangements to 
enter the business field 
tor himselt, and began 
under the firm name of 
1',. L. .Sjiencer & Co . on 
Ainil 15, i8<_)i, locating 
his factory at 62 I'agc 
street. A beginning was 
made by purchasing the 
plant of ]•'. A. .Stevens iK: 
Co., of I'ro\'idence, which 
was owneil b}' .Albert ,\. 
Remington, of this cit\', 
who was a ]iartner with 
with .Mr. .S[)encer lor 
one year. .\tter the 
first year, Mr. Reming- 
ton's interest was ])nr- 
chased by Mi. .Spencer, who thus became sole 
owner ot the entire Inisiness, and has lieen ever 
since. When business was tirst begun, the firm 
manufactured a line ol ]il.ited and siKei' brooches 
and stick pins. In fact, the same line that h.id 
])revii)Usly been made by (ieorge II. Cogshill, 
who had ])reviousl\' owned the plant, ficnn 
the beginning, Mr. .S|)encer began to make atl 
<litions to the line, having an aptitude lor bring 
ing out new things that were tasty in design 
and elegant in tiiiish. In this wa)' he lorged 
ahe.ul until he tinalh' merged the origin. il 
l)usiness into a line ot solid gold goods, and 
to day the firm is noted .dl over the couiitr\' as 




Everett L. Spencer 



;i leading gold ring house, rings having been a 
s])ecialty, although a large production of 
brooches, stick pins, drops, studs, charms, baby 
pins ,inil e\e glass chains are also matle. The 
t.ictoiy ot the I'liiu remained at 1)2 i'age street 
until last year, when the rapidly growing busi- 
ness ol the firm required larger (|uarters, ami a 
remov.il w.is made in .\ugust, 1900, to the ele- 
gant " i'.nim.i " Muilding, which is ownetl by 
l)uti'c \\ ilco.N, and located at the corner ot 
Aboiii and Washington streets. The buikiing 
i.s one ot the best situa- 
ted and equipped for 
man ulactu ring purposes 
of any to be found in 
this city. The factory 
ol Mr. .Spencer is also 
probably as well equip- 
ped for the class ol work 
m.inufactureii by his 
concern as any to be 
found, being filled with 
machinery that is up to 
date. The firm gives 
emj)loyment to a num- 
ber of capable designers 
ami tool-makers, as well 
as to a large number of 
employes of high grade. 
The firm also have an 
extensive department 
for |iacking jewelry, and 
.im])le office room 

C. A. Wilkinson & Co. 

— Manufacturers ot gold 
and gold filled spectacles 
and e\e glass fr.ames 
and general optical 
goods. Husiness estab- 
lishcil in i.Si/i, Works located in the •' I'jiima" 
Huilding 53 Aborn street, corner W ashiiigton 
street, Providence. Charles .Allen Wilkinson, 
the (icncral Manager of the business, was boiii 
in fall Rner, .Mass, .March 3, 1852. He was 
in the manufacturing jewelry business tor ten 
\ears prior to going into the present business. 
l)utee Wilco.x is a p.ntner in the business. 

Fuller, Carpenter & Co. Manulacturers ot 
gold filled chains, liracelets, lobs and chainis 
Works in Manuf.ict urers Huilding, 7 liexeil)' 
street, Pro\idence. PImiiloy 45 hands. Hiisi 
ness established in 1890 by J. I). l*"uller & Co. 



AM) 1U'SINM':.SS MKN OF KIIODI''. ISLAM). 



95 



D. Wilcox & Co. — Manufacturers of a general 
line (if diamond jewelry, including rings. Busi- 
ness established by Dutce Wilcox in 1856; works 
located at 184 Washington street, Providence- 
ICni|)loy 50 hands. I""irm composed of Dutee 
Wilco.x, Howard D. Wilcox and Walter Gardiner. 
Dutee Wilcox was born in Douglass, Mass., 
June 22, 1834. At the age of sixteen he began 
to learn the jewelry trade. In 1856 he formed 



Potter & Buffinton. — Manufacturers of a 
general line of gold jewelry, mostly gents' goods. 
Works at 7 l-lddy street, Providence. Business 
established in 1856 by Col. Isaac M. Potter and 
Albert W. Dclnah. At the breaking out of the 
war Mr. Potter went to the front and after a 
number of promotions he closed with the com- 
mission of a colonel. In 1865 he associated 
himself with P'red W. Symonds, under the firm 




^ r'^.U I 



_. - 'it 







^Mif 




Emma Building, Corner Aborn and Washington Streets, Providence. 



a partnership with Horace and (Jlney Thayer, 
and began to manufacture jewelry on Steeple 
street. Providence. After several changes in 
the firm, in January, 1880, Walter Gardmer was 
admitted to the firm and the present company 
name was adopted Later Howard D. Wilcox 
was admitted to the firm. Mr. Wilcox, senior, 
among other things, invented the " Wilcox & 
Battel! stud," patented in 1859, which had a 
great sale throughout the country. 



name of Potter & Synioiids in the manufacture 
of jewelry. After three years Mr. Symonds 
sold his interest to John W. Bufiinton, and the 
firm name has since been Potter & Buffinton. 
Mr. Potter was born in Scituate, R. I., August 
27, 1S33; in 1875 and 1876 he was a member of 
the Rhode Island (jcneral Assembly. 

Providence Aluminum Co. — Manufacturers of 
all kinds of aluminum castings. Established in 
1895. I-'oundry at 460 luldy street, Providence. 
Joseph H. Lee, Treasurer and Manager. 



96 



ni()(,R.\i'ii!( Ai. iiisi()R\- oi' •rill': .MANTi'/XcrrKi-; 



;s 



Heimberger & Liiul. The husiness nl this 
coniiiativ was estahlislied by Charles J. llciin 
berger, who was burn in ("lOtn, Saxmiy, .Ant; 




Charles J. Heimberger. 

list (), 1.S44. C'anic to Aniciica in 1.S70 with 
t'assius M. Clay, L'liitcd States Minister to 
Russia, whnse hoatk|uarters weie at St. 
Petersliuis;. Mr. Clay hatl recei\-ed peiniission 
frnni the Rnssian ( inxenuiient tn introduce 
electro-depositing <il iron Ini pimting jilates 
to take the ]ilace of electid plates, etc., and Mr. 
Heimberger was chosen as the subject to 
accompany .Mr. Chi)- to America for the pur- 
pose of introducing the new art in this country. 
The bank note companies were e\'idently so 
slow in accepting this new process, Mr. Clay 
felt the necessity of abandoning his enterprise 
before it was brought to completion here as in 
Russia. 

When this most c oiume 11 d a b 1 e un<lcr- 
taking w.is given up, Mr. 1 U'imberger began 
to work at tool making and die sinking, which 
he fiad learned in Russia : and gradually devel. 
0].)ed a business of his own. In iSS.? he began 
l.msiness for himselt in l'ro\ideucc, and in iScSj 
l)egan the manufactuie ol lewelers' tindings. 
I lis business giaduall)' increased, and in I'"eb- 
ruary, iS9(), a copartnership w.is tormed with 
Peter I.ind, who eujoyetl a long experience in 



the same line (jI business. The com|)any 
nianutactures all kinds of jewelers' tindings, 
inchuling gold and sterling sd\er settings, 
trunniings, galleries, cane and luiibrella orna- 
ments, pin stems, etc.; Mr lleind)erger is a 
membei ot 1 .assing Lodge, I. ( ). ( ). !•"., of 
l'>ridge|iort, Conn. hactory of the comi)any is 
located at 138 I'ine street. 

i'ett'r l.ind, of the firm of Heimberger & i.ind, 
w.is born in Montiose, Scotland, Jime 19, 1849. 
1 le lame to y\merica in 1852 antl learned the 
trade ol a nundiinist, serving his time at the 
Taunt(jn I .ocomotive Works, in Massachusetts. 
Locating in Providence he entered the employ 
of Thomas W. Lintl, who succeeded to the 
oldest established jewelry findings [ilant in the 
city, ser\'ing as foieman of this shop for a term 
of fourteen years. In i8(./i, being desirous of 
doing business for himself, he entered into 
I'op.utnership with Charles J. lleimbergcr. to 
carry on the same line of business that the 
latter gentleman had been doing for a number of 
years in lewelers' rtnilings. Mr. Lind possesses 
thorough knowledge of the business ; is one of 
the expert tool makers and machinists of the 




Peter Lind. 

cit)'. Mendiei of the New l-'.ngland jewelers 
and .Sihei smiths .Associ.ition ; Redwood Lodge, 
A. }■■. .ind A. .M. 



AND BUSINESS M1-:N ()!•' RIloDl'. ISLAND. 



97 



Cory & Reynolds Company.— .Maiuifactuiers 
of gold [)lated jewelry. Claim to be the largest 
manufacturers of scarf pins in America, which 
is their specialty. Business established in 1872 
by Johnson & Cory. In 1876 business owned 
by J. r, Cory, who built the new factory at 25 
Congress Ave., Providence. In 1893 the firm 
was Cory & Reynolds, and in 1899 it was incor- 
porated under the name of Cory & Reynolds 
Company; capital §30,000; employ 1 10 hands. 
Officers: Joseph P. Cory, President; Alexander 
II. Cory, Vice President; Thomas B. Cory, Sec- 
retary; I-'rank B. Reynolds, Treas. and Gen'l 
Manager. Mr. Reynolds, the (leneral Manager, 
was born in South Royalton, \'t., Nov. 17, 1858. 
Was bookkeeper in the famous Oak hall of Bos- 
ton for six years, and for five years with a whole- 
sale jewelry house of Boston. In 1885 was one 
of the members of the Reynolds Jewelry Co. of 
Providence, whose plant was destroyed by fire 
in 1893. The same year he entered into co- 
partnership with J. P. Cory. Member of the 
1",\. Committee West Side Club. 

Crossin & Co. — Manufacture a general line 
of jewelry for ladies. Business established by 
Mr. Crossin and L. Schwarz in 18S8. Peter 
Crossin, the present owner, was born in Provi- 
dence, April 20, 1 848. Works at 1 29 I'kidy 
street. 

S. A. Bennett. — Manufacturer of solid gold 
front and plated ladies' and gents' jewelry. Ikisi- 
ness established by Foster & Bennett. Samuel 
A. Bennett, the present proprietor, has had an 
extensive experience in the jewelry manufactur- 
ing business. Works at 95 Pine street. Provi- 
dence. 

Simmons & Paye Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers of 
silver novelties, including toilet ware, manicure 
goods, souvenir spoons, match boxes, etc. Busi- 
ness established in 1896 by Simmons & Paye. 
Works at 129 P^ddy street. Providence. 
P^mploy 25 hands. Officers: Charles T. Paye, 
President; P'rank L. Baker, Treasurer. 

Dewey F. Adams. — Manufacturer of jet or 
mourning jewelry. Born in Unionville, Conn., 
Aug. I [, 1842. Was originally a manufacturer 
of paper bags in Connecticut, later in Pro\-i- 
dence in the same business from 1867; four 
years a tin manufacturer, and in 1881 began the 
manufacture of jewelry. Works at 129 ICddy 
street. Providence. 
(7) 



Union Jewelry Co. — Manufacturers of cheap 
jewelry and novelties in brass. Business estab- 
lished in 1898 by William D. Stone of Provi- 
dence. Works located at 409 Pine street. Provi- 
dence. 

James R. Feeley & Co.— Manufacturers of 
Catholic society emblems in sterling silver and 
plated goods. Works at 95 Pine street. J. R. 
P'eeley and I-". P. Poland constitute the present 
company. 

Geo. N. Babington. Manufacturer ot rolled 
plate rings; works at 129 P'.ddy street; employs 
28 hands. Mr. Babington began the jewelry 
business in Providence in 1886. Born in Provi- 
dence, Dec. 4, 1862. 

Charles H. Field. —Manufacturer of watch 
case engraving machinery. Business establish- 
ed in 1879. Works located at 113 Point street, 
Providence. Employ 30 hands. Mr. Field was 
born in Pro\-i(lence, February 16, 1855. 

Bacon Mfg. Jewelry Co.— Manufacturers of 
gold, sterling siher and brass novelties in jew- 
elry. Established in 1898 by Richard Bacon, 
who was born in Providence, Nov. 17, 1863. 
Has worked in the leading jewelry shops of 
Providence for twenty-two years prior to begin- 
ning manufacturing for himself. Works at 95 
Pine street. P^mploy 27 hands, 

H. F. Carpenter & Son. -Gold and silver 
refiners and manufacturing chemists (blue vit- 
riol, nitrate silver, C. P. gold 1000- 1000 fine.) 
Business established by H. I-". Carpenter about 
r86o. He was born in Pawtucket in 1842. 
Works located at 58 and 60 Page street. Do 
an extensive business among the jewelry manu- 
facturers and silver smiths of the city and in 
other sections of the country. 

Excelsior Nickel Plating Works. — Do all kinds 
of nickel plating, brass finishing, iron polishing, 
etc., their work being mostly on stoves, bicycles, 
plumbers' goods, and do a general jobbing 
line of business, plating with nickel any kind 
of metal except aluminum, the latter of which 
is not permanent. Business established about 
1875 by William A. Campbell. Charles !•". 
Harris is the [iresent owner, who was born in 
l^arrington. R. I., September jr„ 1856. Works 
located at 397, 399, 403 Richmond street. Provi- 
dence. Mr. Harris was one year a member of 
the P.ast Providence 'Pown Council. 



<kS 



I'.K x.KAI'lllCAl. illSr()R\ ol' 



M.WL'l'AC ri'RllRS 



Horace Remington & Son Co. — Ixdiners of _i;iil(l npal its husiiu-ss and become widely kiunvn not 
and silver, assa\eis and s\vee|> smelters. Hnsi- only loi i he lellnin^; and assaying business, Init 



.'stablished li\- Kemiii>;ton i.\: ISirlier 




Horace Remington. 

1879. Incorporated March 5, 1901. ('apital 
ized for $50,000. I'lmjiloy 10 hands. ( )ltice 
located at 91 h'riendship street ; Works 37, 39, 
41 (iarnel street, Providence. (Cut of the 
plant shown upon the opposite liage. ) 

This is one of the oldest letininj; and smelting; 
concerns in the city ol Providence. ( )ri<;inated 
more than twenty years ai;-o, and has been 
continuously in thetield since that time. Horace 
Remington, the rresidcnt of the company, who 
was born in Cranston, K. I , in 1.S41, began the 
retining business .IS an apprentice under .Nnstm 
is: Carpenter in iSO^ l'|ion the dissolution 
of the firm a lew years Liter he became a 
partner of the late John Austm, the tn in then 
being known as John Austin iS: Co. Retiring 
from that tirtn in i<S79, he united with Charles 
Barber and formed the linn ot Remmgton & 
Harber, which continued loi two ye.iis when the 
coiiartnerslii]) was dissoKed. i'rom that time 
until 1SS8, when his oldest son, .Albert .A., was 
admitted as a partner, Mr. Remmgton continued 
the business alone in his own name. At the 
latter date, the tirm name was changed to I lorace 
Remington & Son, which has constantly de\el 



fill the s.ile of ceitaiii adjuncts to jeweh)- maiiu- 
l.u tilling. The lirm has enjoyed an excellent 
reputation amiuig jewelry manutacturers. 
Resides the retming Ijiismess, the company sells 
tine gokl and silver, ])latiniim in sheet and wne, 
copper, for alloy, also gold alloyed anodes which 
have been generalK ado|)ted liy the jewelers; 
they also handle acids, chemicals, crucibles, etc. 

Theoflicers oi the company are Horace Rem- 
ington, I'rcsident ; .Albert A. Remington, 'I'reas- 
urer; Horace Iv Remington, Secretary. 

Albert A. Remington was born ni Ivivei- 
I'liint, R. 1-. in the year 1S63. Entered the 
employ of his lather in 1881. and was admitted 
to the lirm in 1888; has been a Director of the 
X.itional Rank of Xorth America since 1896. 
Mr. Horace l\emington, senior, was a member 
ol the Hoard of Aldermen of the city of Rrox-i- 
dence for the years 1898 and 1899, re|)resenting 
the Seventh Ward. 

The citv of Providence being one of the 
largest centres for the manufacture of sterling 
silverware, gold, silver and com|iosition jewelry in 




Albert A Remington. 

the woild, the refining and assaying business is 
very mi|iortant. This comjiany alone furnish to 
iiianiit.ictuiers of sterling silver goods nearly a 



AND Hrsixi':.ss Mi'.x ()i- unoDi-; isi.am). 



99 



million ounces of silver annually, which shows 
the enormous amount used. Xo plant in the 
country is better equipped for doing this class 
of work than that of the Horace Remint;Uin 
& Son Co., for in addition to the legular equip- 
ment of machinery they have many special 
machines of their own invention that enable theni 
to do superior work. The sweepings from the 



r 



experience in the retinmg business recognized 
the importance of some improvements in 
machinery and methods, and he accordingly set 
to work to procure them, the result being that 
to-day he has some special machinery and appli- 
ances that are superior to any others now in use. 
The common way of mi.xing the sweepings so as 
to produce an even cjuality of metal, was to 





^fK'irSr ijlfr, 



gtE 



Fit 



U 



liiii 



iillll'M 

■m -. _ ;■■ :_ m .^ ^i^- 



L 



m. :^ » 



THE REMINGTON BUILDING. 
No. 91 Friendship street, Providence, R. I. 



different manufactories of the city amount to shovel them back and forth for many hours, 

thousands of dollar every month, all of which are recpiiring the services of two men. Mr. Rem- 

brought back to a commercial value for manu- ington has invented a system that mi.xes from 

facturing purposes by the refining and smelting 4000 to 6000 pounds of dirt or sweepings in two 

process. Themanufacturers of findings performa hours time, by an automatic arrangement, per- 

very important service for the manufacturers of forming the labor that would require two men 

jewelry, but they fill no more of an important to do in ten hours, and doing it much better 

position than the refiners and assayers of our than by hand. Another device saves all of the 

city. dust that rises during the process, thereby 

Mr. Remington during his many \ears of making a great saving to the manufacturer. 
L.cfC. 



100 



liKx.KAi'iiKAi, iiisiiik\' oi' rill': MAM i-.\( riki'ks 



Thomas W. Lind. — .M.innlactuicr ol jcwcIlts' 
liiuliiij;s and general metal nmanit'iits, at the 
corner ot lulih and i''iiendslii|) stieets, \'in\ 




Thomas W. hind. 

idcneo. The Inisiness was established in this 
city b\- his Ijnither, Alexander I.ind, in 1S67, 
and was the tirst jewelry limlings nianutactciry 
to be started in the city of I'rovidence. Ik- 
began m a small way, and the goods jiroduced 
at that time, while tiilh' up to the reciuitements 
ot the perioil, wonld be considered somewhat 
primitive if compared with the more artistic 
piodiictions of this tirst year of the new cen- 
tury. After the ileath of the foinider of the 
Inisiness in iScSo, Mr. T. W. I.ind, who had 
been in the employ of his brother, took ii]) the 
bnsincss and canied it along, im]iro\'ing the 
methods of manufacture, i>utting in more 
modern machinery, and inventing many aiito 
iiiatic machines that simplified aiul made more 
])erfect work, until he now possesses one o| 
the most pertei't machinery plants in the 
country for the manutaclure ol all kinds ol 
jewelers' lindings, including g(ild and sterling 
sihcr, as well as goods loi- cheap jeweli)'. Mr, 
I.ind has made several tiips to iMUopc tor the 
|)urpose of getting all of the new ideas that he 
could glean so as to enable him to add them 
to the y\merican designs, theieb) proxidiiig a 



much larger variety ot designs for his cus- 
tomers. Mr. I.ind was born in Montrose. Scot- 
land, M.inh J, 1S.15. ( ame to .\merica in 1854. 
Member of Redwood lodge .\. !•'. iV .A. M. 

The Edwin Lowe Gold Plate Co. .Manu 
I, ictuiers of rolled gold plate and all kinds ot 
lanc)' wires. I''actor\' at Sj Cdillord street, 
I'rovideiue. I^stablished in 1X49 by Thomas 
II. Lowe, who w.is the origitial founder of the 
iDJled ]>late linsiness in this country. Mis son 
I'jiwin Lowe became a |)artner in the business 
Ml 1857, and upon thetleath of his father in 1888 
he became the sole proprietor. Incorporated m 
1893 under the jiresent name, lulwin Lowe 
was born in Hirmingham, I'.ng., Sept. 25, 1842. 
( amc to .America in 1848. 

Streeter & Co. .M.iinilactinei s of a large 
line of cheap jeweir}'. Lnjoy quite a trade in 
Luro]ie and South iXmerica. business estab- 
lished by W. H .Streeter in 1898. Works now 
located at 38 {''riendship street, ]'ro\idence. 
W illiam 1>. .Streeter was born in I'rovidence, 
l\. I,, June JJ. i8'i<i. Learned the jewelers' 
tr.ule and all the branches ol the Inisiness, of 
Joseph I'. Cory, and in 1898 began to manu- 
facture on his own account, as already des- 
cribed. Mr. Streeter was formerly proprietor 
and editor of the Rhode Island Pendulum, a 
weekly news])aper published in East Green- 
wich, R. I., and for two years he proved him- 
self a successful newspaperman, after which he 
sold the |ia]ierand printing office. 

Bennett & Bradford. — Manufacturers of solid 
g(ild .ind sterling sih'er jewelry ; nuke a general 
line, including brooches, scart pins, cuff buttons, 
etc. Husiness established by L. A. Bennett 
iK: Co. in 1892 ; was carried on under the name of 
Hcnnelt, Melchcr iv Co., lor si.\ years, and in 
1898 the firm name became Hennett & Hratltord. 
Ldgar A Bennett was born in Lincoln, R. I., 
May 14. 1851. Learned the trade of a jeweler, 
.iiul also designing. Was torem.m in sexer.d 
|iiomincnt jeweli\' cst;iblislimcnts prior to 
beginning busiiR'ss for liimsclt. The hictor)' of 
the company is located at Xo. 4 Blount street, 
rrovidence. h'rank ISiadtonl was born in 
Hirmingham, I'.ngland, March 10, 1851. Came 
to .America 1873 As he had learned the trade 
ol a toiil makci, he began that line of work in 
New. Ilk, N. I ; located in I'lovidence in tS8o; 
was emiiloyed by l'"ostei iv Baili'y for a time, 
and foi- two yeais was in .Attleboto, Became a 
partiu'i with Mr. Bennett, ami now caii)ing on 
bnsiin'ss .is Hi-nnclt iK; Bradtord, 



AND BUSINESS MEN Ol- kllODI-; ISLAND. 



lOI 



Ostby & Barton Co.- Manufacturers of gold 
rings of all descriptions. Business estab- 
lished by I'.ngelhart C. Ostby and Nathan B. 
Barton July i, 1879. Incorporated August 5, 
1893. luiiploy 400 hands. I*"actory located at 
118 Richmond street, cor. Clifford, Providence. 
Officers, Engelhart C .Ostby, President ; Nathan 



always carried in stock, which makes it almost 
])ossible to shij) an order as soon as received. 
The company makes every conceivable kind of 
a gold ring, from a small baby ring to the most 
e.xjiensive ring set with valuable gems. The 
com|)aiiy do all of their own refining. All of 
the s\vec])ings, cli[)i)ings and ]jolishings are 




-.: ^7" >■- '-1 ■< \ ■ -^•■^ 



OSTBY & BARTON CO. BDILDING. 

Cor. Richmond and Clifford Streets, Providence. 



B. Barton, Treasurer ; Frederick D. Carr, 
Secretary ; Aurther O. Ostby, Superintenilent. 
This IS said to be the largest ring factory in the 
world. The large si.\ story building that is 
shown herewith is devoted wholly to their 
extensive business. The business of the com- 
pany is so systematized that, after the tools are 
completed for any production it is onlv a matter 
of a few hours before rings of that particular 
kind, fully completed, can be made, all reatly for 
shipment. A large number of designs are 



refined in the building and melted over to again 
enter into stock for the manufacture of rings. 
The building is sujjplied with a modern power 
plant, and the machinery of the |)lant is all of 
the most n[)-to-date patterns, which enables the 
company to do all of their work after the most 
a|)i)roved methods. The company employ a 
number of expert tool makers, and several de- 
signers are kept busy in creating new designs. 
Their products not only sell extensively in this 
country, but they enjoy consideralile trade in 
foreign countries as well. 



i;i( )i,K.\i'iiic.\i. iiisroin' ( )i- 



M.wiiAciL ki;ks 



George W. Dover. .M.nuit.utiiiei" nl icwclcrs' 
tindings ot ever\' de-script icni. in all metals. 
W'oiksatXo Clilfnnl st n-rt, cmc dl the larij,c-~t 
hrirk buildings in the midst dl the ;eue]r\' 
manulai-turing section ol thecitvut I'mvidence. 
luiiiiloys \ CO hands. Mnsiness estalilishe(l in 
1S90. when he was engaged nn contract work 
tor a numl)ei' ol manulact urers, and in iS(jj a 
copartnership was tonned with (leoige W, 
Pritchard, under the name ol 1 )ovei' iv I'l itchaid 
In ]S^)t), Mr. l)over purchased his partnei's 
interest, at which time he hecame sole owner. 
The former location ol 
the works on Iukl\' 
street were very soon 
found to be inatlequate 
to the increasing de 
niands of the business, 
new machinery being 
added to the plant 
nearly every m o n t h 
until every availalile 
s])ace was filled. Con 
se(|uently in 1900 tin- 
entire ]ilanl was nio\'ed 
to the hve story brick 
building on (.'lilford 
street, a cut ol which 
is shown on the o]i 
posite page. 

W i t h the n e w 
machinery that h a s 
been added to the plant 
in the new factory, 
this is now the largest 
in the world de\'oted 
wholly to the manu 
fact u re of jewelers' 

findings. Mr. 1 )over'.s originality as to the 
production of patterns that should meet the 
popular detiiand, and his wide experience witii 
machinery, was the mainspiing of his success 
as a manufacturer, and these .lie still the 
dominating features of his business. I lis plant 
consists of all the modern machines for the 
|)roduction of the various designs, manv of them 
being automatic and others made .specialU' loi 
the bringing out of original jiat terns Mi I )..\ ei 
was born in Ancaster, ("aiiada, .\piil 1.;, \Siiy 
Keceived his education in I l,ii I toi d. ( onn, I 1 is 
hrsl business in life w.is that o| a newsboy in 
the city of Hartford, bv which he earned mone\- 




enough to enable him to take a course of 
mechanical studies prioi' to entering the employ 
of the Pratt iK: Whitney ( 'o, (/ompdeting his 
li.nle as a machinist and tool maker, he was 
employed tor a number of years by various 
concerns throughout the country, among them 
being l.ieb iV Co., I-".. K. (iarxin, and the S. .S. 
White Co. of New N'ork, the American .Sewing 
Machine Co of I'hiladeljjhia, anil the Lefever 
.Arms Co, of S\racuse, N. ^'. This wide ex- 
lierience undoubtedly had much to do with 
kiying the foiiiulations of his business as a 

manufacturer, \v h i c h 
has ])roven so suc- 
c e s s f u 1 fro ni t h e 
beginning. 

There are a number 
of in i 1 1 1 n g machines, 
lathes, etc., which en- 
able his corr)s of tool- 
makers to jiroduce the 
various designs that 
his trade calls for with 
great rapidity and ac- 
curacy, and these tool- 
makers are kept busy 
by a force of designers 
that are constantly 
planning new jiattcrns 
for every branch of the 
business, so as to en- 
able the house to kee[i 
fulh' abreast of the 
times in bringing out 
the \ery latest |iroduc- 
tions that the trade is 
looking for, and which 
have given Mr. Do\er 
,1 le.iding reputation in the line of specialties. 
There ,iie a number of jiower presses, and every 
concei\'able kind of a machine that the findings 
manufacturer retpiires, and many s[)ecial ma- 
chines of his own make that enables this factory 
to turn out the most strikingly artistic designs 
that ha\e e\ei been used in the jewelry manu- 
f.icturing business. A plant of this size con 
simies.in immense amount of stock in the course 
of .1 \e.ii, the gie.itei" amount being di\ided be 
iwcen siher and brass. In the year 1900 this 
t.utorv consumed upwards of 100 tons of brass 
alone. I'he consumption of brass for their first 
\v.w was between 1 and j tons, which shows to 
what enormous proportions this industry has 
gi own. 



George W, Dover. 



,NU HUSINKSS M1:N ol'' RUCDI' ISLAND. 



103 



^ 



■ ' ' A 



W 




11 



1 





George W. Dover's Plant. Clifford Street, Providence. 



I04 



Hi< K.k.M'iiic.Ai. iiisr()R\- (ih rill-; maxci-ac'iik 



:s 



Thurston Mfg. Co. — M.imil.nturcrs nl special 
millint; machines patcntcil hy lloiacc Tluirston 
for milling cutter plates, .mil picmoimced the 
most economical machine ever put into a jewelry 
shop. .Also manufacture saws, cutters, etc., 
and do all kinds of johhing. Business estab- 
lished hv Horace Thurston ( )ctober I, i.SS:;, 
who was horn in Norwich, (onn., June 17, 1.S5J. 
Works localetl in the .Simmons Huildinj;. 4M) 
I'ldily street, Providence. lui)|)lo\'s J3 hands. 
( 'ne of the most complete machine shops in the 
citv. Horace Thurston, 
Treasurer of the com 
I-iany, has had .m exten- 
sive e.\perience as a 
machmist, and this com 
bined with his natural 
ability has niven him 
the reputation as one ot 
the most e.\])ert niechaii- 
ics of the state, his in- 
\enti\'e genius Inning 
much to do with this 
re|nitation. lie served 
an apprenticeshi[) foi- 
the Corliss Steam \-'.n 
gine Co. from iS()ij to 
187^ : was employed by 
the I'rovidenee Tool Co. 
oti gun tools when the\' 
were carr)'ing out their 
contract with the Turk- 
ish hanpire. He was 
foreman lor the Urown 
and .Sharpe .Mfg. Co. for 
live )'ears, master me- 
chanic lor the ( iimmer l-'.ngine ("o of Cleveland, 
( )hio, lor two years. After his two years' e.\- 
])ei'ience in ('lexeland he returned to I'luvidence 
and established his present business under the 
name of the Thurston .Mfg. Co. Tor eighteen 
yeais this lirm h;is done a large business not 
onh' m this countrv but in toreign coimtries as 
well, and their machmery and tools are lonsid 
ered as tine as any made by an\' of oiu" .American 
manufact mers, 'The tools made fiy this com- 
(laiiy are usetl c\lensi\'ely by the jewelry luaiiu- 
lacturers in this and other lewelrv m.inul.ictm 
ing cent res. 

Burns Mfg. Co.- Uusiness originally estab 
lished in Trox idence 1)\' 'I'hurber iK: 1-iurns , 




Horace Tliurston. 



succeeded by .\. H. 1 ),iy & Co; the latter 
bought out by (ieo. E. Burns, a native of IMack- 
stone, Mass., in 1X97; incorporated under pre- 
sent name 1 <S9S ; cai)italize(l for 55,000 : 26 hands 
emplo)ed ; manufacture solitl gold am! silver 
rings. lohn M .Miller, I'resident ; Ceo. l-".. 
Burns, .Sec. and Treas. T'actory 94 Toint 
street, .Simmons Building, in the centre of the 
city ot Ti()\idence. 

Arnold & Steere. — Manufacturers of solid gold 
rings at i)( I'oint street, Simmons Building, 

Providence. Mstablish- 
ed by Thus. V. Arnold 
in iiS66, who was born 
in Providence, Nov. 12, 
1 <S3 1 . For some 1 7 years 
the business was carried 
on uniler the name of 
y\rnold iv: Webster. Up- 
on the death of Mr. 
Webster in 1885, Mr. 
.Arnold continued the 
business in hisown name 
until 1S90, when Horace 
W. Steere became a part- 
ner, and thejiresent name 
adoijted. Mr. Steere 
was born in (Gloucester, 
Rhode Island, Novem- 
ber I, 1S34. 

The A. A. Greene Co.— 
ALmufacturers of gold 
jilated chain for ladies" 
and gents'. Business 
established about iSi)2. 
Works located in the 
.Sinuiions l^uilcling, 94 Point street. Providence. 
.Xugustus.A. (ireene is the senior member of the 
firm. 

■W. M. Ryder. --Manufacturer of electroplated 
Jewell \', in both l.ulics' and gents' L;oods. Busi- 
ness established 1897. ('.ipacitv of plant about 
J5(i lianiU, Works located in the .Simmons 
Building. 114 Point stieet, I'l ii\ idcnce. William 
.M . kvdei w.is boi 11 in Heiiius, .Mass., 1 >ctolK'r 
:;, i8(iJ. 

O'Donnell Jewelry Co.- .Manufacturers of a 
gener.d line of hidies' and gents' electro].)lated 
jewelrw l^stablished in hh.kj. 'Their works are 
located at 357 T'.ddy street . Pro\-idence. Tlmjiloy 
7 hands. 



AM) IUSI\i;SS .Mi;X ol- klloDl'. ISLAM). 



105 



Simmons Building. — Located on Point, Lddy 
and Richmond street, Providence. Devoted 
pnnciiially to manufacturing jewelers, alttiougti 
the first tioor is occu|)ied by the Thurston Mfg. 
Co. Part of the estate of ICbben Simmons, 
Joseph Davol, executor ; (ieorge A. Turner, 
agent. The Simmons Huikling was erected in 



Flint, Blood & Co. Manufacturers of solid 
gold rings, also shell gold filled rings, 10-kt. 
shell gold, rolled gold plate, solid sterling 
silver, and shell sterling silver rings in numer- 
ous designs. Ivxtensive foreign trade. Busi- 
ness was established in 1869 by William W. 
l'"lint, Joseph F. lilood, B. A. Holbrook, and 
lames .'\. Young. Mr. Holbrook retiring in 




Simmons Building, Point, Eddy and Richmond Streets. 



1880; 162'^ feet front on Point street, 130'j 
feet in the rear ; 50 feet in width, fom' stories. 
Floor space, 24,199 scjuare feet. Power fur- 
nished bya42-horse power Harris-Corliss steam 
engine. Building in a very desirable location for 
manufacturing purposes. Near the docks, and 
not far from the freight yards. Building built 
very strong, with plenty of light, as no other 
blocks can ever be built near to shut out the 
light, because it is surrounded by the city high- 
ways. 



1878, the remaining partners continued the 
business under the firm name of l-"lint, Blood 
^ \'oimg. .Mr. \'oung died in 18S8, and the 
remaining two jiartners have carried on the 
business in the name of Flint, lilood & Co., the 
original name of the comi)anv, ever since. 
William W. Mint was born in Wal[)ole, N. IT, 
and Joseph V. Blood is a native of Ipswich, 
^hlss. Factory located m the Simmons Build- 
ing at 94 Point street, Providence. Fnijiloy 40 
hands. 



I ci: > 



IU( >(,k.\i'iiic.\i. iii.sink\ (11.- 11II-: .\i,\M i'\\( 11 ri;k,s 



George F. 

cloi s. 47^ I'll 
lactiii'ciN lit 



Greene & Co., .M.imitartniing |cw 
ttci s .\\ I- . I'l (]\'i(lciKH', 1\. I.,nianii 
SiMiiiK-ss I'latcd Stdiic and Haiul 




(jeotse F. Greene. 

Rings. This busines.s was started in the spring 
of 1 891, by Geo. F. (Ireene, who hired a small shop 
at 143 Sunmier -St., this city, whcic a small busi- 
ness was rondiicted until lanu.irv, iSi|j. when 




tlu.' business was reniovcfi to iii Richmond .St. 
.\ gi-iiei.il Imk';iI lathes' goods in Mlectro ])latc 
w.is made, consisting of l^rooches, h'.ar l)rops, 
Mail- I'iiis, and .Scart Tins. Larger and better 
t.icililies were needed and in January, 1893, the 
business w.in moved to 113 Point .St. There 
a notable success was made in the production of 
.Silver I'lated Novelties, such as Scarf I'ins, 
('01 sage I'ins, and Waist Sets. They had a phc- 
nonuaial success in the manufacture and sale of 
the " I) Id wine "and " Mother ( ioose " stick ])ins, 
tlKuisands ot gross being sold in all parts of the 
countr\'. llecember ist, \>^^)4, William .S. and 
Randol|ih .A. (Jreene, brothers of (ieorge I"'. 
( .leene, were admitted as partners; they having 
loi' se\'er.il vcars been identihed with its success. 




WiUciin ,s ViuriiL' 



Randolph A. Greene. 

The three biothers have contiuueil the business 
u|)tolhe present time. The firm produced antl 
put upon the market the first one ))iece Ik-anty 
pin ill cleciio.ind cheap rolled jilate, whicdi had 
.1 woiideilul s.ile Their greatest achievement 
was the productKui of a Seamless I'lated St(Uie 
Ring, winch w.is perfected after months of 
tedious experiment, i'revious to this time all 
plated stone rings were made hollow or with 
leail tilling l'i\' their process thev made a ling 
troni .1 piece ot round plated seamless solid wire 
which caused .1 ie\dlution in plated stone ring 
111, iking, riiey naturally remained leaders in this 
line o| guilds and have alwavs mantained a high 
gi.ide.ind st, ind. nil foi' their goods. In l)eceni- 
ber, I ,Sij,S, Lirger ipuirters being needed tor their 
growing business thev mined to the building at 
47J Potter's .\\c. securing o\cr 6,400 square 



AM) 15LS1NKSS MEN UV KllUDl. ISl.A.XD. 



107 



feet of floor space. They have maintained 
Stone and Hand rings as their specialty, but have 
also made large quantities of other goods such 
as Buckles, Brooches, Cuff Buttons, Beauty I'ins, 
etc. They were the originators of the C\rano 
head lieauty I'ins jiroduced in the sjiring of 
i<S99. They manufactured of this one pin alone 
over 12,000,000. Their production of different 
kinds of lieauty Pins aggregate over 25,000,000. 
They em[3loy from 100 to 150 hands. Geo. 1'"., 
William S., and Randolph A. (ireene, were boi n 
in Blackstone, Mass., in 1S61 i(S63- 1865, respec- 



specialty, and these goods have won ane.xcellent 
reputation throughout the country. Average 
number of hands employed, 75. William J. 
l^iaitsch, who is now sole proprieter, was horn m 
New \'ork city August iS, 1S63 ; learned the 
trade of a chaser in Tiffany & Go's., of New 
York, remaining in the employ of that concern 
for a number of years, after which he began 
business for himself m the manufacture of gold 
and sil\er cane heads, umbrella mountings, etc., 
developing a specialty that met with marked 
success from the bcirinninfr. 




Factory of W. J Braitsch & Co., 472 Potter's Aveiiue, Providence. 



ti\ely, and received most of their schooling at 
North Adams, Mass. They learned the jewelry 
trade at Chartley, Mass., working there covering 
a period of about twelve years. They are prac- 
tical men in their trade and take a personal 
su[)ervision of the several departments of their 
factory. 

W. J. Braitsch & Co. — Manufacturers of cane 
handles and sterling silver toiletware. I""actory 
at 472 Potter's Ave., Providence ; salesrooms 
396 3gcS Broadway, New \'ork city. The busi- 
ness was established b\- W. J. Braitsch aiul 
John Hearn in i<S87, Mr. llearn's interest being 
purchaseil in 1893. Cane handles is their 



B. K. Smith & Co. — Manufacturers of a gen- 
eral line of gold-plated ladies' jewelry. Have 
quite a trade in Kngland. Business established 
by Mr. Smith in 18S5. F. A. P'airbrother, Jr., 
taken into the company in 1894. Works located 
at No. 4 Blount street. Providence. Kmjiloy 150 
hands. Bangs K. Smith was born in Harwich, 
Mass., Sept. 20, 1840. Began first to learn the 
trade of a chaser, and later ac(|uired a comjilete 
knowledge of the jewelry manufacturing busi- 
ness. I'^rederick A. l'"airbrother, Jr.. was born in 
Brooklyn, N. '\'., March 26, 1855. JMrst 
learned chasing and later the entire jewelry 
manufacturing business. Became a ])artner 
with Mr. Smith in 1894. 



loS 



Hl( )(,k.\l'lll( \1. lll.s|(iR\' (11- •riii: MAN 11 A( ri KKRS 



Grimshaw, Crossley Mfg. Co. Mamitacturers 
of wiiulow shades ami shade rollers ot the sell 
acliiij;- [lattein. Business established by Mr. 




and the jiresent company was formed. The 
business has increased so rajiidlv it was foun<l 
net'essar)' to fniiii a cor|)oration so as toproxide 
i;ieater tacilities, and llu- charier lor the 
company was received riiiirsda)', Maich J9, 
1901, the same name Ijeing retained. Capitalized 
for $50,000. l.avvton Crossley, President and 
Treasurer ; Amos Grinishaw, \'ice President and 
(ieneral Manager. 

Joseph Heller & Co. Manufacturers of a 
general line ot ladies' jewelry, including hat pins, 
brooches, scarf jiins, etc Works at 1.S5 luldy 
street, Providence. Business established in 
18111). Employ J5 hands. Joseph lleller was 
born in Austria in .\])ril, 1877. Came to 
America in I S91. 

Harvey & Otis. — Manufacturers of emblems 
in solid gold. Business established by present 
company in 18,84. Works at 183 Eddy street, 
b'.mploy 50 hands. Henry W. Harvey was born 
in Providence \o\ember 16, 1849. A fine class 
of goods. 

Hutchison & Huestis. — Manufacturers of solid 
golil stone rings. Business estalilishcd b\- the 



Lawton Crossley. 

(iiimshawand Mi'. Crossle)' in 1900, Mi. (irim 
shaw ha\ing had some twenty years experience 
in the manufactuie of shade rollers and shades 
prior to the establishing of the |iresent business. 
Works located at 409 Pitie street, Prov'iilence. 
Amos (irimshaw was l.)orn in Lancashire, Eng- 
land, in i85i'), and came to America in 1871. 
]'"or some twenty years he was engaged m the 
shade roller m.mufacturing business with one 
of the largest concerns of its kind in this conn 
try. His e.\|)ei"ience gives him .1 knowledge ot 
the business that is unsuipassed l>y any manu 
facturei in this line in New l'".ngland lie has 
travelled in loreigu countrii's where he |)laceil 
hiinselt in tom-li with trade aliroad, and the 
result of his ellorts has been an extensive busi- 
ness in iMigland, ( iei in.iiu , liiikey. .Australia, 
P'rance, .South .Mrici, .South .\mciica, and 
(jther markets in iii.in\' parts ol the woihl; a 
really phenomenal foreign trade. 1 .awton 
Crossley was boi 11 in 1 lalil.ix, i'.ngland, m 1870, 
and came to .\meiiia in 1881. .Alter a luimber 
of years' e.xperience in olhci lines ol business he 




Aincis Giiinshaw . 



s.ime cnmp.iiu in 1877. l-',mplny 35 hands. 
Works at 185 l.diU st ici't. Pi ovidence. Harvey 
assoeiated himsell with Mr. (iiimshaw in hjocj liiiestis and ( .eoi ge \\ . Hutchison. 



AM) iaSIM;SS MKN OI' RllODl': ISLAND. 



109 



Oscar E. Place. —Manufacturer (if a tine line 
of solid t^old rings. Works located at 144 I'inc 
street, Jesse Metcalf Building, Providence. 




ing and manufacturing enterprises during the 
greater pirt of his life and was one of the in- 
fluential men of the city. 

White Stone Jewelry Co. — Manufactureis of 
imitation dianu)nd jewelry ; general line of 
ladies' and gents' goods. Business established in 
1884 by Ettlinger & Safford the present pro- 
prietors. Works at No. 234 Chestnut street, 
I'rovidence. Mmploy 50 hands. James M. 
I'.ttlinger was born in New \'ork city in 
1865. William A. Safford was born in Boston, 
Mass., in 18C0. 

J. M. Eraser & Co. — Manufacturers of a 
medium grade of ])lated ladies' jewelry, including 
brooches, hat pins, stick jiins, etc. Works at 
129 luldy street. Number of employes, 75. 
The business was established by J. M. I'"raser 
in 1894. John M. l-'raser was born in New 
Glasgow, N. S.. June i, 1868. Came to the 
f'nited States in 1887. Learned the jewelers 
trade at the works of Wade & Thresher, for 
whom he worked si.x years prior to beginning 
manufacturing for himself. Mr. P'raser has 
developed a good business, and has equipped his 



Oscar E. Place. 

After learning the trade of a jeweler as applied 
to manufacturing, he began to manufacture on 
his own account as early as 1882, and his rings 
have always found a ready market in all parts 
of the L'nited States. Employs about 16 hands. 
With modern machinery this force is enabled 
to turn off a great number of gold rings daily. 
Mr. Place was born in East Greenwich, 1\. I., 
May 17, 1852. Procured his education at the 
I'Last Greenwich Academ)-, after which he 
began to learn the jewelers trade, meeting 
with marked success throughout his business 
career. 

John Austin & Son. — Manufacturers of blue 
vitriol and oxide of zinc, and dealers in fine 
gold, silver, copper, gold coin, sand antl black 
crucibles. Gold and silver assayers, refiners 
and smelters. ]5usiness established by fohn 
Austin in 1862. Works located at 74 and 7(1 
Clifford street, Providence. Since the death 
of Mr. Austin his son, Aurther K. Austin, has 
continued the business under the original firm 
name, who is also the Treasurer of the Improved 
Seamless Wire Co. of Providence. Mr Austin, 
senior, was connected with various other bank- 




John M. Fraser. 

establishment with modern machinery so as to 
enable him to produce his goods in the most 
economical and rapid manner. 



11.) iU( K.KAi'iiicAi, iiisKim (H' 'II1I-; M.wriAri iki;Ks 

Clark & Coombs. Maiiiit:H-lurers ol l;u1i1 Tuttle & Stark. Mamitaclurcrs nl a i;(.-ii 

filled iiiii;s in all kinds nl ]i.iltcins. Wmks cral line n| ladies' electroplated jewelry. 

Idc.ited at Sii West Exchange stieet, I'lDNidence. liiisiness established in iSSo by Coombs \- 

The bnsiness was <]riL;inall\' fstal)lished in I Sfij Tnttle, later Coombs, Tultle & .Stark, .\llei 

nnder the I iini]ian V name ol (/lark iK; Coombs, six months Mr. Coomlis sold his interest, ami 

as burnishers and linishers h)r a lai"<;e sih'ei'- since that time the lirm name has lieen Tiittle 

ware niannlacturer located in .North .Attleboro, \.' .Stark. VVoiks at 254 Cliestniit street, l'ro\- 

.Mass., and alter the concern mo\ed to New idence. luiijiloy Si) h.mds, John 11. Tnttle 

\'ork the\' continued .is burnishers ot jewelry was born in the town of llanovcr, N. |., |uly 

tor local houses. In 1S75 they be<;an the manu- 15,1848. I .earned the trade ot a tool maker in 

hictnre ot rin,i;s in a small way, and the Newark, \. J., ,\sher .A. .Stark was born in 

su]ieiiorit\- ot theii;;oods immediately attracteil Lebanon, Conn., .March, iSdo. Learned the 

the atlent ion ol tlu' t rade, and a large demand trade ol a jeweler, and for many years worked 

was created thr(Ui.i;hout the ci>untry. .Soon for other manul.icturers jirior to becoming a 

after the ileath of Mi'. Coombs in iSScj, the Hrm ]iaitnei in the present t'lrm. 

moved t.. the city ol Providence, where William ^ p_ ^^-^ Co.-.Manufacturers of a general 

Clark, jr., continued to carry on the business. ,j,^^. ,,,- ^.,,,^, j,,^^^.^, jewelry. Business estab- 

his son W.lb.im (). (lark being taken into ,.^,^^.,| -^^ ^^.y, ,,^, ^^,,j|,.^,.^, ,, ^,j,,j_^ ^^.^^,,,^ 

partnership m i.SSj, and later anotherson. Arthur ,,,^..^j^^j ,^j ,^^ Friendship street, Providence; al.so 

I. Cl.irk. Mr. W. (). Clark is the (.eneral h^ve a fact,.ry in East Iowa City. Iowa. .Sell 

Manager ol the business. William Uark, Jr., ,^„ ,,j ^j^^.j,. ^.^,,,^,^ thn.ugh their own jobbing 

was born in Birmingham, Lngland, and camel,) j^,,^,^^^.^^ ^^ ,,-^ Roberts, General Sm.t. ..f 



h;,istern L.ictory ; Louis K. Lyon, General .Supt. 
Western i'".ictory. .Some 40 hands employed in 
l'ro\'idence lactory. 

The Traf ton Co. — Maiuifacturers of a treneral 



.\merica with his father, wdio was the lirst to 
introduce the process of l>urnishing in the 
United .States in iS^J, in connection with a Mr. 
.Samuel T,i\lor, who came to .America at the 
same time foi' the same |)ur|)0se. William ( ). 

an<l Arthur I. Clark were born in North .\ttle- '''"-^ "' ^''^'^ P^^^""-^ jewelry, mostly ladies' goods, 

boro. Mass, The rings made by this company Bu.siness established in 1897. Works located at 

are sold e.\tensivel\- throughout the Cnited 62 I'age street. Providence. James G. Trafton 

States and foreign cmntries. ^^,.,^ I,,,,,, i,, Dj^hton, Mass., April 15, 1S5J, and 

F. H. Mooney. — .M.mufacturer of electro- was previously in the jewelry manufacturing 

plated jewelry, such as rings, stick i)ins, brooches, business in .\ttleboro, Mass. Walter K. San- 

etc. Works located at 113 Point street, Provi- ford, the other member ot the liini, was born in 

dence P'rederick II. Moonev was born in Connecticut. ( )ct. 2J, : S55. and was formerly in 

Lowell, .Mas.s., October H., '1809. Came to business in Attlebon., Mass. 

Providence and learned the jewelry business. A. 'W. Babcock & Co.- Manufacturers of ster 

establishing the present business in i8i)8. Ills ling siKei' no\elties, their specialty being cups 

productions have an e.xtensive sale throughout and bracelets. Works located at 409 Pine street, 

the United Slates, and for a cheaj) line of goods i>n)vidence. lMni)loy ^io hands. Albert W. 

they are equal to any made in the city. 1 here |^,,,^,,,^,|,^ ,, ,,,,^1,.^ „t Providence, and Robert R. 

are 18 hands emjjloved m the works. . \ 1 u- 1 i-i * 1 

Habcock. a native of .Apalachicola. rla., formed 

Edward N. Cook Plate Co. — M.innfactuiers of a iiartnership under the present name in 1899. 

seamless wire and gold plate. Business nnder The i (imp.my also make a specialt\- ol millinery 

the i)resent name established m 1901. Works goods 

locatetl at 144 Pine street, l'ro\idence. Members C. C. Darling & Co. — M.muf.icturers of gold 

of the company are P'.dward N. Cook, who was and gold plated society emblems. Charles C. 

born in Petersham, Mass., March 2, 1857 ; began I.)arling, pro[)rielor. Works Incited at (^i^ West 

business in Providence in i88(). William (_ . I'",.\change street, I'lox idence. 

Stark we. ither was born m C o\'enliv. R. I. ^^ ,,, tt u 1 1 1 . i 1 1 , !.,» .1 

.^uii Kue.iioi. I . E. W. Holden. M.inutacturer of gold plated 

Dec -'7, i8()(i; was loreman tor I:. \. ( 00k lor ,,■ 1 1 . iT 

about 12 years; I-;. Clinton Cook was born in jewelry. Works loc.ited at i>2 I age street, 

Baldwinviile, R. I., Sej)!. u, 1881. Providence. 



AN'D lUSlM.SS Mi:\ ()!■ KllOUI-; ISLAND. 



1 1 1 



H. N. Pervear Co.- -iManutactiircis of solid 
gold and plated jewelry ; make a general line of 
ladies' and gents' goods, l-'actory at loy Friend- 
ship street, Providence. I^stablished in 1S75 by 
Mr. Pervear. P'.niploy 25 hands. Among 
their specialties are carved and engraved gold 
front-bar cuff and baby pins, ladies and child- 
ren's dress sets and scarf pins. Henry N. Per- 
vear was born in Pawtucket. R. I , March 20, 
1843. He established himself with his father 
as a bolt manufacturer, and after a lew years 
experience m this line, 
he began the manufac- 
ture of jewelry in I'rovi- 
dence as described 
above. Mr. Pervear is 
still a resident of the 
city of Pawtucket, R 1. 

A. Pollard & Co.— 
Manufacturers of a gen- 
eral line of gold plated 
ladies' jewelry, including 
brooches, stick pins, 
bracelets, millinery or- 
naments, etc. Business 
established in i S97 , 
works located in the 
Bovven Building at 59 
Page street. Albert 
Pollard was born in I'aw 
tucket, R. I., October 



29, 187- 



Thomas P' 



lard, his brother and 
partner in the business, 
was born in Philadel[)hia, Penn., April 5, i8(ji. 



Charles B. Donle. — Manufacturer of jewelers' 
diOs and tools. Works located at 109 P'riend- 
ship street, Providence. Business established 
in 1890. Mr. Donle was born in Newark, N. J., 
August 21, 1858. He began business in a small 
way, and has gradually increased until now he 
has a well equipped ]ilant, and an extensive 
trade among the jewelry manufacturers of this 
section. Mr. Donle has carried on a work in 
the line of philanthropy for a number of years, 
somewhat unusual for a busy manufacturer, the 
result of which has been the elevation of many 
wayward men to the rank of honorable man- 
hood, some of them State prison convicts, from 
the professional safe cracker down to the more 



ordinary convict. This kind of phi'anthropic 
work is certainly commendable although very 
uncommon among manufacturers. 

David Peabody. — Manufacturer of artificial 
wood ornaments made Ijy a preparation of chem- 
icals, which include an almost endless variety of 
designs from drawer handles to grotesque facial 
ornaments, Corinthian capitals for pilasters, 
lOgyptian heads, heads and bodies of all kinds of 
animals, etc. The only business of the kind in 
the state. Business established in Boston about 

1 805. Sold to (lleason 
Wood Ornament Co., of 
( irand Rapids, Michigan, 
and located in Provi- 
tlence in 1890. Works 
located in the Bowen 
Building, 101 P'riendship 
street, Providence. 

David Peabody was 
born in Boston, Mass., 
April 17, 1854; began to 
work for the company 
in Boston, later was 
employed by the West- 
ern com])any, and in 
1890 worked for Bristol 
and Spencer who were 
the owners of the busi- 
ness when first located 
in Providence. About 
1894 Mr. Peabody as- 
sumed control of the 
business which he has 
energetically pushed to 
its present excellent standing and wide scope, 
his goods selling all over the country. 

J. H. Collingwood & Co. — Manufacturers of 
enamel and enamelers of jewelry. Business 
established in 1861 by John H. Collingwood, 
who was born in Birmingham, England, in 
October, 1840. John R. Dawley. copartner with 
Mr. Collingvvood, was born in Providence, in 
May, 1859, Location of works, Bowen Build- 
ing, 107 P'riendship street, Providence. The 
company make emblem enameling a specialtv. 

A. S. Cumerford & Co. — Manufacturers of 
gold and silver [ilate, solders and ornamented 
wiresfor the manufacturing trade. Incorporated. 
Works 129 Kddy street. Providence. Lstab- 
lished by Arthur S. Cumerford. 




Henry N. Pervear. 



i!i( )(,u xi'iiicAi. iiisrom mi- rm.; .M.\\L'i-A(;irRi;RS 



Bowen Building. llic linwcn Muildiiii; w.is been kiinwii as the Hdwen Huildinj;. It is udw. 
JMiilt 1)\' Rirhanlsdii & iiiiks in 1S30, ami kiKuvn after lilty years of cimstaiit use, one of the very 
as the Kichardsoii iS; I licks Hiiildiiii^. When 
e(iin|ileted it was considered the finest biiildini; 
tor the niantifactiirin'; jewelrs' business that had 



e\'er been built in the cit\- of l'ro\'idence, and its 
locatiiin at t he cornet of l'"riendshi]i and I'at^e 
streets t;a\e it a ver\' central location. 'I'he 
tirst jewelry inanulactmers to occup)' the 
bnildiiiir was the tirni of Kichardsoii, I licks & (_ o,, 



substantial structures of the cit)'. The build- 
ings c<instit iitinLX the S(_|uarc between I'aije ami 
Richmond streets, on the l'"riendshi|i street side, 
also belonj; to Mr. I^oweii and are largely used 
tor manulacturnij;- purposes covering many thou- 
sand sijuaie teet of space. 

Herman Kern. — Manufacturer of gold plated 
and electro ]ilated chains, (lent'.s X'est Dicken.s, 





iii |i I ^ "' 



i n 



.11 



!K ^' 



I 1 I i i I 

'•• li« Hi 



li it 



s? ,^ R? sr 



IB: 6ii .5'^ "" 




Bowcn Building, Cor. Friendship and Page Street.s, Providence. 



makers of gold and gold jilated jewelry which was 
in 1852. Robert Harton is now the oldest otcu 
pant of the building, he having mo\ed his Inisi 
nesshere in 1S37, where he has carried on birsiness 
ni the same shop continuously since that lime. 
He is the only manntacturing jeweler in Rhode 
Island who can show so length)- an occiijjancy of 
business [nemises. It has always been occupied 
bv jewelry maiiufact uiers or kindred tiades e\er 
since its coni|ileti"n. In iSSi) Ch.irles W . I'mwen 
]nirchased the ]jropeTtyof Mr. Richardson, who 
was then the soleownei, since which time it h.is 



Ronies, and l-'obs. Lorgnettes, Bracelets, .Stick 
Pins, Charms, etc. Works located in the Howen 
Huilding, 59 I'age street. Providence. .Mr. Kern 
was born in Providence May 6, iSoj. and began 
the manufacture of jewelry in 1891. lie was first 
emplo\ed bydeorgell. l-"uller v\; S<in of Paw- 
tucket, R. I , whom he left to become an a])- 
prentice under L. Kat/ow Cv Co., where he 
lemaiiied three years learning the chain making 
business, lie was next employed b)- Hal)l)itt 
Cv Cameron, then by .Stanley Bros, for one year, 
after which he began Inisiness for himsell. 



AND HL'SI\I-;SS MEN OI-' RI10D1-; ISLAND. 



1 1 



Vennerbeck & Clase.— Manulacturers of rolled 
tjold ami sihcr plau- and wire. .^I'ld and silver 



sheet 



and wn'c. 



an 



■-n\'i'r 



Ider. 



ranc\' 




Thomas R. Vennerbeck. 

wires in i^^nld. silver and hrass. l'anc\ licjrder wires 
in brass hir |)U'tiire n-anie nianulaeinrers, and 
gtjld and sd\er an^iles fur coloring;. Works 
located in the linwen I'.nililin^. 107 l-'i-iendslii]i 
street. 1 'rox idenc-e. Ilusiness established in iSSi 
by rimnias !<!. \ enui'rbeck and Charles j. (jase, 
nnder the tirin name nf \\>nnerl)eek (!<: C/lase. 
In i.SSj .Mr. ( . 1'. \ ennerbeek was admitti-d to 
the fuMiK In lS«)i \lr. ( lase died, the firm nanu 
beinj^' ennlinned the same as before. .Mr, (lake's 
interest lieinL; imrehased b\ Thomas 1\. and C 
I-. \ I'niierbeek. I homas \ ennerbeels learned 
the trade of a i^old and siU er platc'r, and aftei 
haviniL;- made himself thoron^hh iirofieient in 
every deliarlment of iJu- business, he be.iL;an 
niannfaetnrin,!; as alreadv described. Ili' was 
born in I'rovidence in 183(1. (', ]■". Xennerbeck. 
his brotlnr. w.is born in iSd). The eompain 
do an extensi\e luisini'ss anion;^ the sihersniilhs 
and inannfactin-ini; jewelers of this seclion, and 
their brass jiicture frame wires are sold all over 
tlie I 'nited States. Thex pi-odnct- some of tlu' 
most striking ]iatterns in the laltt'r line of u;oods. 
and conse(|nentl\ they are in threat demand 
amontr the art metal t^oods m.innfactnrers. 
Tlu'ir iilam i> well e(|iiipped with modern ma- 
chini,r\ . iheri'ln enabling;' them to tnrn out tin- 
best of work in the most exjiedilious and eco- 
nomical mamier. 
(8) 



Fulford & Hobart. — The business of this com- 
pany was established in 1891 by Harry I'Tilford, 
who was born in Hirniingham, I^ngland, Aug. 
9, 1863: came to America in 1S70. l-"irst 
learned the trade of a tool maker. In 1897 
(jeo. M. llobart became a partner in the busi- 
ness, and since that date the company name has 
been l'"ultord & Hobart; manidacture all kinds 
of metal ornaments, the most of which are 
used among the manufacturing jewelers. 
Employ 60 hands. Howen Building, Page 
street. Providence. 

Williams & Payton. -Manufacturers ol a 
general line of plate jewelry. Works at 59 
Page street, Howen Hiiilding. Husiness estab- 
lished in 1891 by jiresent firm. Employ 100 
hands. William II. Williams was born P'eb- 
ruary 9, 1869; William (i. Payton was born in 
August, 1867. 

The Improved Seamless Wire Co.— Manu- 
facturers of gold plated wire and flat stock, ster- 
ling silver wire and tid)ing, solid and plated gold 
tubing. Works at 95 Pine street, Providence. 
Business established and incorjiorated in 1896. 
Capitalized for $100,000. Employ 16 hands. 
Officers, Myron H. EuUer, President; Arthiu- 




C. F. Vennerbeck. 



E. Austin, Treasurer. During the past four 
years the comjiany has develo])ed an extensive 
business. 



114 



Hi( )(.R.\riiic.\i, iiisToRN 1)1' rill-; M.\xn-:\CTrki;Rs 



Robert Barton.— Mamitactiiier ot lolleil jj;i)l<l 
novelties in ieweiry, inciiulini; hat pins, waist 
sets, cutT buttiins, stick ])ins, elc. Also L;(>lii 
and sterlin,:; siK'er ;;("His. lousiness established 
in 1853 as I'erk, i'luetdr vK: H, 11 ton, theii l.ictor\- 
being located at the corner ot I'.i^eand C'litToid 
streets. Mr. l>arton moved into the Kicliardson 
6t Ilicks bnilding in 1S37, now tlie ISowen buihl 
ing. cor. ol I'"riendship and I'age.Sts, l'ro\-idence, 
where he has remained e\ei since, shuwini; a 
continuous occu]ianc)' of the piemises of lort\ 
four \ ears. Mr. Har- 
ton was born .\|iril 4, 
iSjj, in Warren, K 1 
I le began as a trax'cl 
ing salesman in the 
jewelry business se\- 
eral \eais before he 
began ni.mulact nring 
on Ids own account, 
lie is nnw tlic thiid 
oldest manutacturiiiL; 
jeweler in acti\'e bus 
iness in the city of 
i'rovidence. I )Ln"ing 
the main' \ears that 
Mr, Harton has car 
ried on business he 
has brought out many 
striking designs, and 
his goods have ahva\ s 
stood ver\' high with 
the trade throughout 
the country. 

W. J. Feeley Co. 

M a n u t .1 c t u I ers n[ 




Robert Barton 



church and ecclesiastical gooils m gold, siKer 
and brass. Business established b)' W. J. hee- 
ley in i^/v incori)orated in 1.S9J. WUrkslo 
cated at 1S5 ICddy street, I'rovidence. hanploy 
al)()Ut 100 hands. ( )|]iceis: William J. I'^eelc)', 
I'resident and Treasurer; K. II. I'"eelev, -Secre 
tary. William J, i''eeley was lioin in l'vn\'\ 
tlence, January i<jth, 1S55. Learned the trade 
of a sihersmith ot Knowles \ Webster, and 
worked a mmiber ot \'ears as a |ouriie)nKin be 
fore beginning business on his own account. 

The H. A. Kirby Co. — M.mufact urers of a 
stajjle Hne <.il gold and diamond jewelry, in 
eluding brooches, scarf ])ins, link buttons, studs, 
hat pins, lorgnettes, etc. lUisiness established 



in iS.Si; hy Kirby, .Mowry & Co., I ncorporatetl 
in .September, iSvjh. (."aiiitali/ed for ^300,000. 
haiiploy 125 hantls. Works located in the .Ada 
r.uildnig, ,X3 .Sjjrague street. Providence. 1 ienry 
.\ Kill)}', I re.isLuer. 

C. Minahan & Co. .Manufacturers of gold 
plated leweliy; general line. Husiness estab- 
lished in iS.j;. \\<irks located at 53 Cliftord 
street, I'rovidence. hlmploy J5 hands. Cor- 
nelius .MiiKihan, the iiroprietor, was born in 
Hrooklyii, N. ^'., in .A|)ril, iSOo. 

J. Briggs & Sons 
Co. — Manufact ui'ers 
of jewelers' stock in 
the line of wire, tub 
ing ami ])late. Husi- 
ness established b\' I. 
Hriggs in 1S41J. In- 
corporated m US90. 
Ca[.)itali/ed for sioo,- 
000. Works located 
at 59 and 65 Clifford 
St r eet , I'roxidence. 
l-jiiploy 30 hands. 
OftTcers : Jeremiah 
Briggs, i'resident , 
George Briggs, Sec- 
retary and Treasurer; 
Charles l^riggs, \'ice 
I'resident 

Fletcher, Burrows 
& Co. .Mauufactui'- 
ers of a general line 
of gold plated jewelry. 
Business established 
in 1 88 1, the present 
comp.ui}' coming into possession of the business 
in 181)1 W inks located at 53 Clilford street, 
I'rovidence. Kmploy about 50 hanils. 

W. C. Randall, laiameler of jewelry and 
other goods. Business established in 181J3. 
Works lor.ited at 163 I'iiie Street, Providence. 
Walter C. Kandall w.is Ixirn in Providence, P'eb- 
ruary 3, 18(18 I'jii ploys 15 hands. 

Conley & Straight.- (ioldand silver retineis 
Husiness established in 1896. Works located at 
J3() l'.dd\' street. l'ro\itlence. ]'".m])loy 10 hands. 
J. D. Warren & Co. — Marnifacturers of soli<l 
gold rings. Husiness established by W. (J. Hutch 
ins K- Co. and succeeded by the present com 
])an_\' in 181)4 Works located at J 1 luld)' street. 



AND BUSINESS MEN OE KHODl': ISLAND. 



Palmer & Capron. — Manufacturers of rolled 
plate aiKl sterling silver rings. In former years 
they manufactured a general line. Works lo- 
cated at 167 Dorance street, Providence. Bus- 
iness established by John S. Palmer and t'hris- 
tian Stave, a Norwegian tool maker, in July, 
1845, under the firm name of Palmer & Stave. 
About 1S53 the firm name became Palmer & 
Capron and has been retained ever since. Mr. 
Capron sold his interest in the business about 
1890, and died in 1897. The members of the 
firm at present be- 
sides Mr. Palmer are 
his son Julius Palmer, 
a nati\'e of Provi- 
dence, and P'enalon 
A. Peirce, also a na- 
tive of Providence. 
John S. Palmer, the 
oldest active jewelry 
manufacturer in the 
city of Providence, 
was born in Newport, 
K. I., March 22, 1824. 
After learning the 
jewelry trade he be- 
gan business on his 
own account and has 
continued in that line 
of business contmu- 
ously for more than 
fifty-five years. 

Wm. Loeb & Co.— 
Manufacturers of John S. 

composition gold rings, made by a secret pro- 
cess; great variety of styles, from plain band to 
imitation stone rings of various colors. Busi- 
ness established in 1880; the business in Provi- 
dence begun in 1887. Works located in the 
Manufacturers' Building, loi Sabin street, 
Providence. Employ 120 hands. William Loeb, 
the sole owner of the business, was born in 
Barnwell Court House, South Carolina, in 1856. 

Barstow & Williams. — Manufacturers of ster- 
ling silver novelties. Business established in 
1890. Works located in the Manufacturers' 
Building, 7 Beverly street, Providence. Eirm 
composed of Nathaniel Barstow and Walter S. 
Williams. 

M. Fitzgerald & Co. — Manufacturers of solid 
gold rings and chains. P'actory at 185 luldy 




street. Providence. Established in 1870 by Mr. 
I'itzgerald Michael P'itzgerald was born in 
Dublin, Ireland, August 26, 1838. Came to 
America in 1849. Learned the trade of a 
jeweler in Providence and soon after became 
a manufacturer. 

Alfred Vester & Son. — Manufacturers of 
jewelers' findings, and all kinds of metal orna- 
ments. Business established in 1S96 by 
Alfred Vester. Works located at 26 Calen- 
der street, Providence. I^mploy 35 hands. 

E. A. Potter & Co. 
Manufacturers ot a 
general line of gold 
plated jewelry, in- 
cluding brooches, 
pins, links, studs, etc. 
Business established 
by lulward A. Potter, 
in 1885, who was born 
in Providence, Janu- 
ary 7, 1852. Works 
located at 71 Peck 
street, i'rovidence. 

Geo. J. Smith & Co. 
— Manufacturers of 
gold plated jewelry, a 
general line, includ- 
ing brooches, stick 
pins. etc. Business 
established in New 
York city, in 1830, 
and later established 
Palmer. jp Providence, R. I. 

Works located at 167 Dorrance street, Provi- 
dence. Members of the firm are as follows: 
Geo. J. Smith, a native of New York; Nathaniel 
'!". Allen, born in Pawtucket. 

Mossberg & Granville Mfg. Company. Manu- 
facturers of power, drop and foot presses, rolling 
mills, rod mills, wire drawing machinery, roller 
bearings, type-writers, and jewelers' machinery. 
Business originally established in Attleboro, 
Mass., under the name of the Mossberg Mfg. Co., 
and sold out and located in Providence. Incor- 
porated by Louis Dean Speir, Harold Bunker 
and A. J. Munson, August 6, i8g6; Capital- 
ized for $700,000. I'.mploy 200 hands. Works 
located in the Manufacturers Building, 101 
Sabin street, Providence. Officers ; (ieorge E. 
Victor, President; Charles Howard Smith, 
Secretary and Treasurer : W. W. Gibbs, 
General Manager. 



I \t) 



i!i( )(;k.\['1iic.\i 



ll.MnK\- ol 



111 



M.Wl !■ A( 11 Kl-.kS 



ilcncc. < ll'liccrs : Walter V. Hough, President 

,nul Treasurer; .M, |. IS.iker, Secretary. One ot 

etr. The the (ihlest plants "t its kind in the state. Make 

business was established ui iS.jn inulci the tirni 

name ot .Mathewson iv (iTeene, in a biiildm;; on 

the site now ocenined by I lall k\- l.\'oii s driii; 



Wm. C. Greene & Co. — Manufacturers ot a 
<;cneral line ot i;dld jewelr\', includint;- rin,i;s, 
brooches, scait pnis, link button 



store on Westminster street. In iSiithc lirni 
mo\-ed to l'ai;e street and located in the Rich 

ardson \- 1 1 icks buildini;, -S i altci this Mr. 

lohn T. .\Iauran became a niend)er ot the linn, 

and the name was chant;ed to Mathewson. 

tireene iv Mauran In 

1854 Mr. Mathewson 

withdrew and the lirni 

name was chani;cd to 

( ireene.M.iui.m vV ( 'o 

Mr. ( ireenc closed 

his connection with 

this tinn in I )ecein 

her, iSi'^ In iSd') 

he continued m the 

nianufacturint; lew 

elry business undei 

the iKime ot ( ircene 

.."(; Bliss, on I'ine 

street, in which local 

ity he remained neat 

ly twenty-eight years. 

Upon the death ot 

his partner, .\lticd 

Hliss, in 18(19, Ins 

brother, Chas. 11. 

Iiliss, was admitted 

as a mendier ot the 

hrm, who afterwaids 

lost his lite m the 

Metis disaster, .\u<just 




.1 Inst c l.iss line ol gooils. 

Lord & Case. Manufacturers of a general 
line ol gold ]il.ited jewelr)'. liiisiness established 
b\' the present owners in 1895. Works at 62 
I'.ige sticet, rrovidence. haiiploy from 40 to 60 
hands. Charles W. Lord was Ixjrn m Manches- 
ter, N II,, I >ct. 16, 1853, U. !•;. Case was 
burn in W Isluck, \'t., in 1856 

H, Lederer & Bro. 

— .Manufacturers ol 
gold plated chains 



18: 



.1". ' '^/ - 
tlrm name became Wm. C. (ircene (^ Co., under 
which name it is now conducted, .Mr. (Irecne 
being now the s(.>le ownei Wm ( (ireenewas 
born in ICast Creenwich, K. I .\ugust 19, i8j(i 
With one exception he is now the oldest active 
manufacturer of jewelry in the cit\' ot I'rovi 
deuce. The works are now located in the .Man- 
ufacturers Building, im .S.ibin .street. 

Wightman & Hough Co. Manufacturers of 
gold and rolled |)late, and steiling sih'er lockets, 
charms, seals, miniature brooches, tr.unes and 
medallions. Business est.iblished in 185(1. In- 
corporated in 1895. C'apitali/ed for ? 100.000. 
Mmploy 100 hands. Works located in the M.m 
7 Beverly street, I'rovi 



ufacturers Buildin; 



.md collar buttons. 
Business was estab- 
lished in 1895. Works 
located at _'_7 I-'.ddy 
street, I'rovidence. 
lunploy about 40 
hands. 

E. Brown & Co. 

Man ufacturers of gold 
lilated rings, lUisi- 
ness established in 
1 880. \\ iirks located 
,it 71 I'eck street, 
I'rovidence. baniiloy 
abiiut 50 hands. 

Harden &Kettlety. 

— Manufacturers of a 
treneral line of electro 
[ilated jewelry. Works 
m Ma. nufact u rers 
Jiuilding, 7 Be\erly 
street, l'ro\-idence. 
In 1873 the In i8()o they employed 25 hands; now em 
ploy 135, lMaid< W. Marden was born in 
Kpsom, N, II, in June, 1854, Charles I., 
Kettlcty was born in Millville, Mass,, in Novem- 
ber, 18(1:;, 

Charles E. Hancock Co. — Manufacturers of 
solid gold brooches, scarf pins, link buttons, 
studs, rings, and diamond mountings. Works 
in M.inidactuiers Building, 7 Beverly stieet, 
I'rovidence. lan|iloy 75 hands. Business 
cstablisheil by Hancock, liecker & Co., in 1893. 
Incoriior;ited in 19011. Ca])italized for $ 120,000. 
nfficers, Ch.irles K. Hancock, President 
•md Treasurer; Mrs. Charles K. Hancock, 
Secretary. 



Wiltiiim C. Greene. 



AND lUSIXKSS Mi'.X ol' RIIoDI'. ISLAM). 



■7 



Manufacturers' Building.— The Manufactur- llnildint,'^ Co.. tlic nfticcis heinsj;: Charles 

ers iSuildiiii; was cr(.'i.-ti.-<l in iS()j by the Kent i<; i'li'tflu-r, IVcsidcnt; ICdwin .Miliicr. V'icc-I'ri-si- 

Stanlcv Co.. the buihHnt;- then hc'iiit,^ styled the dent; 1-'. .\. t'hase. 'I'reasnrer ; II. .\. Ilnnt, 

Kent iS: Slanlex' lluildini;. ami desii^ineil with llu- Secretary. The hnildinj.; is now fnllv oecn|)ied, 

idea of catering;" to the nianulacluriiiL; |e\\eh'\ prineipalh 1)\ inannl'acturint;' jewelers, the lloor 

business. The officers nl' the lirst corpi iratinn sjiaoe ni iw let heintj 220,000 square feet. Tlie 

were: I'.iKvin 1'. Kent. 1 re.istner. wlm w.i^ the bnildini^ is (ine of the lars^est in Xew h'ngland 

prime nmver in the eiiierprist-. .inij Anhin- W, ilexnied to niannf.ietnring- purposes, and its 




tell 

,- inn ami 















\::^:*^mS: 



Manufacturers' Building, Sabin, Aborn, Mason and Beverly Streets, Providence. 

Stanley. I'fe^ident. The ])r( ijjerty cost $55o,oo(j. e(|nipnient for ])ci\\er. rleeirie li^;litinL;". water 
In iSij5 the i'iini])an\ \\a> recirt;ani;^eil as the 
Kent (S: ."^tanlex Cn., l.inhteil. and the lullowiiie 



■in])i)lv. I'te.. is tnis\irp,i>>ed. It is fnll\ pro- 

teeted a.L;ainst lire b\ .1 sprinlsler system, and is 

year the n.inie \\a> eh.ini^ed tn the Mannfac- it; e\er\ w;i\ ;in U]> to dale biiildint^. well built, 

with ever) faeility fur ship])inL; h,L;lu nr heavy 
i^oods exjieduinush . and 1^ \"er\ near the freight 



turers I'.uildiiiL;. In 1S07 the iiropertx- was sold 
at auetion. anil it was bid in for S2()0.ooo. The 
bnihlint; is now owiumI b\ the .Manufacturer;- depot and yards 



lis HlOC.KArillC.AI lllSrOK\- ()|- Till'; manui-acturkrs 

Martin, Copeland & Co. M.imitacturers of mills, tor winding the yarn into a kind of cone 
gold chains and linj^s, and optical goods. Hiisi- shape for insertion in the shuttle. They manli- 
ness established liy Martin, ("ojieland 61; ( (). in facture only a fine grade of tube, lousiness 
January, iSSo, ilenry (Jornian then being a established in i ,SS<j. Works located in the 
member of the firm. Works located in the Manufacturers Huilding, loi Sabin street, 
.Manufacturers l^uilding, loi .Sabin street, rin\idence. John ]■'.. I5ro\vn, the senior tiiem- 
I'rovidence. l-imploy lyi liands. William .\. ber of the tirm, was born in I'rdvidence, Dec- 
C-'opeland was born in l-'oulttm. \. \' . M,i\' ,0, embci 1, 1S51. Herbert I., l^rown was born in 
I1S49. Sylvester ( i. Martin, born Iunej<j, iSji. Providence, Jaiuuir\- 1, 1S5'). The goods made 
JelTerson County, \. IV , who died l.inuarv, 1 S(j,S., by this comiiany are sold not only in Rhode 
I'ldgar W. Martin, who became a member of the Island, but all over New- luigland among the 
firm May. iS.S.i, born in I'awtucket, J uly 5, 1.S5J. cotton manufacturers, and some in Canada. 

Chapin & Hollister Co. Mannf.uturers of T. E Bennett & Co. -Manulacturers of a gen- 
rolled plate chains of fine (luality for ladies' and ^r.d line of eletro-plated jewelry, together with 
gents" wear. Husiness established in i,S(),Sby se|iarable stud backs and button findings. 
William r. Chapin and I'"rederick R, Ih-llister. 'I'homas K. Heunett was born in Attleboro, 
and incorporated the same year. Capitalized M^i^^-. -"^cpt. ^,1875. Ik'gan business in I'rovi- 
for Sjcooo. I'.mploy (n. hands. Works located ''^'"^■t-' in 1894. Works located in Manutac- 



in the Manufacturers Huilding, hii .Sabui street, 



turers lUiildiiig, 7 l^everly street, I'rovitlence. 



Providence. Officers: I-rederick R. Hollister, Parks Bros. & Rogers Manufacturers of gold 

President; Willi;im P. Chapin. Treasurer; ■'"'' ■"H^"'' .^"'^l P'-'t*-' l^^velry, including collar 
William P Chapin, Ir Secretar\' buttons, link liiittons, studs, ch;iin, etc. Mem- 

bers of the tirm ;ire. Ceo. W, Parks, Wm. C. 
Parks, :ind l!\'erett I. Roiicrs. \\ orks located in 



H. C Lindol & Co. — M:muf;ictuiers of ;i gene- 
ral line ol goKl lewelry, including rings, buttons, 

c ■ . I. • . I'l- 1 '1 1 IT the Manuf.u'turers Building, 7 Beverly street, 

scarf puis, etc. Business established by Ilarrs' 1, ■ , ^ 

' -^ -^ r ( iv'if ('till' 



e. 



C. l.indol in iSS^, tlie pailneishii) formed m 

,.,..,.., 1 " , 1 • .1 ni r ^ D. R. Child Novelty Co.---Maniit;icturers ot 

i.SgS. Works located 111 the Manufacturers . , , ...^ 

1, ., r „ 1. 1 . .1, -I -i-i ;niiniiiuim l;oo(1s 111 a hundred different iialterns. 

iiuildmg, 7 Beverly street. Providence. I he • . 

, ■ , ,1 r II ,- I • 1 1 I Business established by Daniel R. Child in kScj; 

members of the hrm :ire Harr\- C . I.indol, who ■' . , ., 



was born in Proyidencc, in 1S45, ILirr\- J. Ililde- 
brand, of ]'>rooklyn, N. W; J. H. .A. .Moultrop 
of Providence; -S, [. .McMillen of Pi nyjdence. 



Works located at 113 Point street. Providence. 
.Mr. Child was born in ICast Smithfield, Penn., 
lune 2~. 1.SJ7, Learned the jewelry trade and 

wiirkcil .It the business until he established the 

Esser & Barry. — M.mutacturers ol white , ■ 1 • 1 ■ i u 1 f 1 

:' . aluminum business, which has been a successlul 

stone and imitation di;imond jewelr)-. Beg. in undei t.ikiii" 

business in Providence in iSi)i. Works located -r^ j q r- » ai , ^ t 1 1 1 

Ford & Carpenter.- Manufactures of gold ;uid 

m the Manufacturers Building, mi .S;ibin street, 1 u^ 1 ^- c t ti ^ 1. 

'^ ■ sih'cr novelties and mountings for leather goods. 

Providence. ( laim to be the hirgest maiui- c, . . . ■ ,- . t w i- wu\t^ ^r r^ w,.','i-c 1„ 

■^ buccessois to \\ . I'.. White ci Lo. Woikslo- 

tacturers ot this line of gooils in this countrw ^ i- ,1 m . v u -i r ,^, c.,u;„ 

'^ . , -' catei.1 m the M.mut.icturers Building, loi Sabin 

James P. Barry was born in New N'ork city, . ,. r> ■ 1 i- 1 -- 1 1 i i>,.. 

-' , - . . . - street. Providence. P.miiloy ^ -, hands. 1. 1 ar- 

!• eh. IQ, |S()0. Prank P.sser w;is Ixun in Xew.iik. 1 i- 1 • ,■ i o "11 \- v i 

^ • kcr l-ord IS a n.itive of lirooklyn, \. \. J. 

\. J.. January 2. iS^n. ^,^,^.^.^, Carpenter w.is born in Shrewsbury, Mass., 

A. T. Wall & Co. M.innf.icturers of rolled in September, 1S47. 

gold plate and wire. Creat variety of designs Linton & Co.— Manufacturers of rolled gold 

for the manufacturing jewelers and metal plate, wire ;ind tubing Business established in 

workers. Business established by .\shbel T. i,s,Sh by .Andrew 1 .inton, who was born in Provi- 

Wall, wlio was born in Proxidence, March deuce, ( let. -^4, 1N57. Works at 95 Pine street, 

I, iS'ii. Works located in the Manufacturers Prox'idence. 

PJuilding, 101 Sabin street. Providence. laii w, & S Blackinton. Manufacturers of gold 

'''">■'-" ^'""'^ phited chains. Works located in the Manufac- 

J. E. & H. L. Brown. .NPinufact urers ot turers Building, loi Sabin street, Proyidence. 

pa[)er cop tubes tor mule s|)indles in cotton Works tormerly located in .Attleboro, .Mass. 



AM) IUSI.\i;SS MKN OK RIIOUIC ISLAND. 



119 



H. E. Brown & Co. Do electro -|)latii)<; or 
coluriiii; of .i^nl'l and sihvr jt'wi'lrv. a ])riK'css tin. 
.■^aiiK- as the rliHtn) ik-positiuL; "i c'o]i]ht ami 




Herbert E. Brown. 

citlu-r niL-tals with llic cxccptinn of iniii, wliicb 
rf(|uin.-s a .smiicwiiat dilTi'rfiu process. I'.nsi- 
lu-ss established in 1S70 tuider the name of II. 
1-". llrown iS: Co.. ."^olnnion W. N'oini^; lieinu; llu 
]iartner with .Mr. llrown. .\fter one \ear .\lr 
lirown bought his partner's interest and lieianie 
the sole owner. .\llhons;li sexeral men lia\ e 
been ^iven an interest in tiu' business at dilTerent 
times durin.ij the past thirty years. Mr. lirown 
has alwavs been at ihe head < it the concern and 
he is now the sole projjrietor. During the 
various chans^es in ]iartnerships the original 
name of the tirm has been ritained. The plant 
is e<|nipped with all of the modern appliances foi 
doin.L;' this kind of work, ;niil anything" that will 
add to the ([uality of the ])roduclions and 
facilitate the process .\lr. llrown s]iari-s no 
nionev or pains to ]>riicure. so as to be abreast 
<il the times ni e\er\ line of advancement and 
improvement. Ihe companv lias retained man\ 
of the lionses that it did business with t\\ent\- 
tive vears ai;i). besides addinj.; man\ of the new 
concerns that have come into existence in more 
recent vears. Herbert \:. iirown was born in 
Seekonk. Mass.. hcbrnarx 3. 1S47. and bet^an 



life as a singer and mnsic teacher. lie soon 
came to the concdiision that In- did not cart' to 
make music a life i-allin;;, and accordin,y;l\- estal)- 
lished himself in the elei-|ro-])Iatinsj; busiiu-ss. 
lie is now probably the oldest colorer of jewelry 
in the city of 1 'roxidence. Works located at 
107 luldy street. I'rovidence. 

Geo. Becker & Co. Manufactuiers of a "gen- 
eral line of .solid f^old jewelry. Business estab- 
lishccl by (ieorge Heckcr in 1900. Works lo- 
cated at <S6 Page street. I'rovidence. Emi^loy 
about 25 hands. 

Otis Bros. — Assayers and refiners. Smelting 
works located at 187 luldy street, I'rovidence. 
Williatii X. Otis and Orin M. Otis constitute 
the firm. 

A. L. Sweet. — iVIanufacturer of gold |.>late(i 
rings, hat |.iins, etc. Works at 95 I'ine street, 
I'rovidence. 

H. J. Astle & Co. — Manufacturers of piece tin 
ware and general kitchen fmiiishings. Hitsi- 
ness established in 1884. Works and store 
house located at 1 iS ()ratige street, Provitlence. 

Fletcher Manufacturing Co. — Manufacturers 
of braids and webbing and a great variety of 
small wares, including every kind of boot, shoe 
and corset laces, in black, white and colors, 
stove and lamp wicks, braided bandings, glace, 
himalaya bi'aids, plain braids and bobbins, stay 
bindings, spool tapes, printer's tapes and bone 
casings. Business established in 1793 by 
Thomas Fletcher. Incorporated in 1865. 
Works located on Charles and Back streets, 
l'ro\idetice. There are a number of factories 
clustered together filled with modern machinery 
for the manufacture of their great variety of 
goods, and their productions find a market in all 
parts of the world. Some 800 hands are em- 
ployed. A modern steam plant finnishes the 
power. Officers of the cotiipany are : William 
15. l'"letcher, President ; William Ames, Treas- 
urer ; John ( ). Ames, .Secretary. This is one 
of the oldest and most substantial manufactur- 
ing ])lants in the .State of Rhode Island. 

McKnight Artificial Limb Co. — Manufacturers 
of artificial limbs from wood and com])osites. 
Business est;dilisheil in 1897. Works located 
at 107 Westmister street. Providence. John .\. 
McKnight, the proprietor, was born in New 
^'ork. November 2, 1861. Learned the trade 
before beginning business lor himself. 



i:;o 



Hin(;R.\i'iii('.\i. iiisi'om' ()i- rill'; i\iA\LM'At;riki;RS 



McWilliams Mauufacturing Co - Manutactur 
ers of iewolers' and siK'crsmiths' machinery nt 
all kinils ; also special niachincr\'. Miisiiicss 




John McWilliams 

established In' |nhn McWilliams in 1S71. In 
corporated in 1S75 ( apitali/ed tm- Sjo.ooo 
Ivmploy 20 hands. \\'(iiks lucated at J-,y l-.ddy 
street, l'n)\idence. Officers: Jdlin McWilliams, 
President and Treasurer; Thumas McWilliams, 
Secrctarw wlm has lieeii a mendier of the com 
pany since its incnrpDrat inn . William ("(Kik. 
l''oreman. lohn McWilliams, the President and 
Treasurer nf the C(im|)an\', was burn in the 
North ol Ireland, hehruars' 5, i S40, Came to 
America alxuit 1S47 Learned the trade of a 
machinist in the city ot I'nAidcnce, and after 
com])letiri<; his time, he was tnreman fur a 
Pro\'iiience shop for about a \ear when he re 
signed to begin manuiacturiiiL; on his own 
account. lie is one of the pioneers in the 
manufacture of the class of machinery- that he 
jiroduces, and the ]ilant is one of the largest m 
the country. Their assortment of j).-itterns is 
the largest of any firm in the business, they 
having l)ought the patterns formerly owneil by 
the Willets Machine Co. and II. lilundell & Co. 
They have hllcd some very huge orders during 
their business c.irt'er The\' have sold to the 
Hrooklyn Watch Case Co. over S ico.ooo worth 
of watch making iiku hiner\-, .md other t'oncerns 



ne,irl\' as large orders. Mr. McWilliams has 
been one of the most successful buiklers of ma- 
i hiner\' ot any in the state of Rhode Lsland. 
lie has enjoyed somewhat ol a [jolitical career. 
Was a member of the City Council from the 
Ninth Ward during the years i8.Sj and 1883, 
and was a member of the Hoard of Aldermen 
fiom the same wartl m 18S4 and 1S85. During 
President Clevelaiul's administration he was ap- 
[jointed Collector of the Port of IVovidence, 
serving from 1S84 for about five years. 

The company emjilov the most skilled work- 
men, and their equiiniient of machinery is the 
best that can be procured. 

Harvey & Otis. -Manuf.icturers of gold em- 
blems. Ikisiness established in 1884. W'orks 
located at 18:; b'.ddy street, Providence. Henry 
W llai\e\' was born in (iloucester, K. I., in 
I ictobei, 1850. Samuel A. utis was born in 
l'ro\idence, m \o\'ember, 1849. 

Chase Mfg. Co. — Manufactureis of plated 
no\-ekies in ladies' and gents' jewelry. Walter 
W Chase was born in Providence, December 
15, 1800. William A. Greene, member of the 
firm, wasboiii in \.ast (ireenwich, K. 1., Jan 
uary J, i8:;i. Business established by the same 
members of the llrni in 1899. Works located at 
40 Cliltoi-d street, Pro\-idence. 

Albert F. Fuller. — Silver, brass and aluminum 
castings. Makes a specialty of fancy castings 
for chains and other ornaments used by manu- 
f.icturing jewelers; also statuettes. Business 
establisheil in 1881. Works located at 227 
]:My street, I'rovidence. Mr. luiller was l)orn 
in Cranston. R. I., T'ebruary U), i>!3i. 

Geo. H. Holmes & Co. — Manufacturers of a 
general line ot gold plated jewelry. Business 
established bv Smith & Holmes in 1883; dis- 
soK-ed in 1884 and succeeded by Ceo. H. 
Holmes iK: Co. Works located at 183 ICddy 
street. Providence. 

Wm. H. Miller & Sons. — Machine and tool 
liirgiuL's of .all knuK. builders' work; jewelers 
IiMiU. such as tonL;s, turning tonls. dirs. hubs, 
cutler plates ,-11111 i.iek dies; gt-neral bl.acksinitli- 
in- and jobbin-. Works loealed at 11)4, lo'i. l'|8. 
_'iiii ;inil Jiij I'.ddv street, and 30. 41, 43 and 45 
• lifford stiH'el, I 'ii i\ idetice. binplox 30 hands 
l'roli;ibl\ the l.iri;est blacksmitliing esi;ib- 
lisliineiil in the cit\. lUisincss established 



AM) ]ilSI\i;SS MI'.N OF RIIODI': ISLAND. 



121 



l>v William 11. .\1i1Kt in iSf>'i. wIki \\;i> three and a half vcars lif sold his iiitcrost t(.) ( iil- 
hnrn in .Swansea, .Mass., in ( )i-lnl)er. |S_'S, hcrt Sisson. which was in iS'n). when the tiini 
;i„,l \sh,, (lied in I'niNidem-e in .Ma\. name became Miller iH: Sisson. After seventeen 

niunths he sold his interest In Simon W. Cam- 
ernn. who was a |»ariner in the hnsiness for seven 
and a half years, under the tirm name of \\ m. 
II. .Miller iK: Co. January i. i8Xo, Mr. Miller 
l)ou.L;ht the entire business, and Mr. Cameron 
retireil. That \ear Mr. .Miller look his two sons 
in as partners in ilie Imsiness, the hrm name 




William H. Miller 

igot. .\lirani (rowell became a partner in 
the business the same \ear. .March :. LSt)() 
the lirni name bein" (rowell \- Miller, and after 





Jeremiah W. Miller. 



William F. Miller. 

beiuL;^ chan.i;ed to \\ ni. 11, Miller iS; .Sons, which 
name has been retained to the present time 
W'm. 11. Miller represi-nted his waid in the City 
('oimcil for two Years. iS-cj and iSXo, now the 
Sixth but then the Xintli Ward. Jeremiah W. 
Miller was born in rro\idcnce, in May ii'^.s.V 
and is at present a member of llie ( ity t ouncil 
from the Sixth W'.ard. lias been in business 
with his father since iSSo. William h'. .Miller, 
who has been in busiiu'ss with his father since 
I SSo. was born in I'roviilence, March. iS^t). 1 he 
business has i;rown from four forces to twehc. 
and the plant is e(|uippcd with four ])>iwer h.am- 
mers and one t>()0-])ound steam hanuner, besides 
all of the other necessar\ m;ichines and tools 
rci|uired in a business of this kind, includini; 
two liand saws, three millini;' machines, one 
upright drill and two cutting-otY machines. 



122 



IU( )iik.\i'iiic'.\i, iiisioKN' i)v riii: m wri'.xc rikiiks 



Adams Bros.- ManntaLturcrs dI jeweler's and 
special macliinerv, and do a "general jobbinf; 
business, iiusiness established in \(i\'einl)er, 




George W. Adams. 

1<'^S5, bv (ieiiri;e W. and ( hailes M. Adams. 
Works located ai Jjn to 224 Kddy street, I'luxi- 
ilencc. in Apiil, kiuo, ( leor^e \\ . Adanis 
bouL;ht his lirother'^ inteiest and became the 
Sole ]>ro[)rietor W^: was horn in (anterbur)', 
Conn.. ( )ctober j^, iS^S Came to I'l ii\-idence 
and learned the trade ol a mai hinist, where he 
workeil .IS a |iMiine\inan lor a ninnl)er of \'ears. 
In i<S75 he was one ot tlu' p.irtners of the Hrad- 
tort! Machine I'o,, ol l'io\)dcnce, ami altei' 
closinn' his connection with that concern he was 
employed for ten years in tlie same line of busi- 
ness with othei concerns .\ltei this he |oined 
with his brother Charles in establishing the 
present business under the lirm n.inie of Adams 
liros. Their machinei\' has always been con- 
sidered as fine and as well made as any that has 
ever been turned out in the city of I'ro\-idence 
Their |iatented double ailing toot and screw 
[iresses, which were brought out December iS^ 
I1S94, ha\e ]iroved \erv v.duable machines for 
the manut.icturing jeweleis. 

J. H. Gallagher & Co. .Manufacturers ot a gen- 
eral line of ladies' lewelry, ui electro ])lated gootls, 
including l)ieast pins, h.it ])ins, scart pins, etc. 



Works at 401) I'ine street. Providence. Business 
established by Mr. Gallagher in 1897, wdio 
learned the jewelers' trade and labored for other 
concerns for many years. James II. Clallagher 
was boiii in rro\-itlence, .Sept. i, 1S34. 

F. T. Pearce & Co. Manufacturers of g(jld 
]iens, gold [)lated [len holders, |)encils, stylo- 
grajihic and fountain pens. Husiness estah 
lished in 1 SSu by Frank '1. I'earce, who was 
born in l'i-o\'idence, November 13, 1 .S4S. Works 
located in the Ada Huilding, 85 Sprague street, 
rrovidence. haiiploy 50 hands. Aklridge (i. 
I'earce boin in l'ro\-idence April 2, 1875. Cjoods 
sold all o\'er the I'nited States, and export 
largely. 

Starry E. Budlong. Manufacturer of a gen 
eral line ot gold plateil and brass jewelry. Husi- 
ness established in 1S81) under the hini tiame 
ot .S I-. liudlong X: Co., 1 hos (i. Hunt being a 
p.iitner in the business for nine \ears, Mi. 
Ihidloiii; purchasing his interest in iS()i) W'liiks 
located ,tt iJi) I'aldy street, rrovidence. Mi. 
Hudlong w.is born in Warwick, R. 1., .Sept. 
I , I 8( lO 

S. S Wild & Son. l-aiameleis of jewelr\- .and 
sihei'w.ue, business established liy .S. .S. W ild 
in 1S113. \\ oiks located at iSi luldy street, 
I'rovidence. himploy 40 hands. S. .S. Wild 
w.is born in .Miiton, M.iss , .\ugust jS, 18^0. 
,S. .S, Wild, jr., was born in .Xttleboro, .Mass.. 
Jul)- 28, iSirj. ( )ne rif the best equiiiped plants 
in the st.ite tor this line of business. 

S. K. Grover & Co. — Manufacturers of a gen- 
eral line ot Jewell)- and sterling silver novelties. 
I'lUsmess estalilished by .Samuel K. (iro\-er in 
i.Siji. The other member of the firm is jose|)h 
Rosenberg. Workslocateil.it 183 luldy street, 
I'idxitlence. 

New England Pearl Co. Manufacturers of 
]iearl jewelry and no\elties. Husiness estab- 
lished in 1 8cj3 by R. I:. I'ahle who was born in 
Berlin, ( ierman\', Xo\ember 28, 1857. Works 
located at 4t) Clitford street, I'rovidence. laii 
|iloy 30 hands. 

Union Jewelry Co.— Manufacturers of chea]^ 
jewelr\' and no\elties in brass. Husiness es- 
t.dilished in i8iiSbv William \). .Stone of I'rovi- 
dence. Works located at 409 I'ine street, 
I'rovidence. 



A\D HUSINKSS MI-IN OI" RHODI". ISLAND. 



123 



H. C. Luther & Co. I .ai)i<laiies and manu- his interest in 1 808, when he immediately began 

facturers of imitation precious stones, also man- business on his own account under the name of 

ufacturers' supplies, including creal steps, sew- H. C. Luther & Co., on Page street. In 1870 

ing machine washers, valves for automatic he sold his business to John Morrow, purchased 

sprinklers, and general glass workers. Works a vessel, and again entered into the coasting 

located at 227 Eddy street, Providence. Busi- business. Two years later, in 1872, Mr. Luther 

ness established in 185S by Henry C. Luther in entered the lapidary business again, and has 

the town of Attleboro, Mass., where he re- continued in that line ever since, manufacturing 



mained for about three years, afterwards mov- 
ing to Providence, where he has carried on bus- 
iness almost continuously c\-er since, develop- 
ing a large trade 
throughout the coun- 
try, although his prin- 
cipal trade is here in 
Rhode Island. Mr. 
Luther was born in 
Scituate, R. I., Sep- 
tember 25, 1831 . He 
completed his educa- 
tion at the Smithxille 
Seminary, in Scitu- 
ate, and at the age of 
si.xteen he went to 
sea, and was engaged 
in the coasting and 
West India trade for 
a period of ten years. 
After leaving the sea 
he learned the trade 
of a lapidary, and 
in J 858 he began bus- 
iness for himself in 
Hast Attleboro, where 
his works were de- 
stroyed by fire. The 
building being rebuilt. 





/ 






0* 


« 




<^ 


- 


• 


<x — 


^ 



a great variety of goods from glass, and building 
up an extensive trade. Anything that can be 
made in glass Mr. Luther can produce, and the 

demand for his line of 
goods is very exten- 
sive, llis jilant is 
equi])])ed with all of 
the modern machin- 
ery and appliances 
necessary to the pro- 
duction of the various 



)f g( 



that he 



turns out. This is 
another industry that 
has been a great credit 
to the city, because 
it has enabled her to 
take one step higher 
in the line of manu- 
factures that have 
given her the reputa- 
tion of producing a 
great variety of man- 
ufactured articles, 
greater perhaps than 
most of the manufac- 
turing cities of the 
country. 

Mr. Luther was 
elected from the town 



Henry C. Luther. 
until the of Johnston to the House of Representatives in 



Mr. Luther again 

started in business, and continuet 

breaking out of the rebellion. In i8()2 he en- 1897 and 1898, and in 1899 he was elected to 

listed as an ordinary seaman in the L'nited States represent his town in the State Senate, where 

Navy. Here he served his country for two he performed his part in making the laws of our 



years, was selected in August, 1862, by Lieut. 
F. M. Bunce, from the deck, and promoted to 
Ship's Yeoman, by Capt. Jno. M. Blitz, serv- 
ing under Admirals Porter, Farragut and Lee, 
part of the time on board of the warship Penob- 
scot and part of the time on the Sonoma, and 
was honorably discharged in April, 1864. In 
1865 he again resumed the lapidary business, lo- 



State in an acceptable manner. He was a 
member of the Johnston Town Council in 1895, 
and was at one time a member of the School 
Committee of the city of Providence, prior to 
taking up his residence in the town of Johnston. 
Mr. Luther's genial nature combined with his 
long e.xperience, qualifies him as a business man 
of more than ordinary calibre, and his tact in 
meeting the trade is one of the factors of his 
success. He is now (1901 ) giving his attention 



eating in the city of Providence in 1866 in com- to fixing a residence on a farm in the town of 
pany with Henry Atkinson, to whom he sold Exeter, R. I., where he can enjoy rural life 



i-M 



lUOCkAl'llK \1, lllSl'i)k\' ol' llll': M.Wl'I'AC TL'Rl'lRS 



Hutchison and Huestis.-- Manutacturcis o[ 
solid i,^(ilil rings, iliamoiul iiiounliiigs, ami dia- 
mond rings Business established hv < ienrge 




George W, Hutchison. 

W'. Hutchison am! llar\'ey Huestis in 1877 
under the firm name of I lutchison & Huestis, in 
the I^'itz-gcrald liuilding, iS:; luldy street. Provi- 
dence, their [iresent location, although additions 
to the s]iace occu[)ied by them originally have 
twice been necessary to make room for added 
machinery and more hands. ( leorge \V. Hut- 
chison was born in Troy, X . \'., April 8, 1849. 
He graduated from the Troy Academy, and 
began business lite in the office of ,1 hat nianii- 
facturer in Newark. \. J. The eight years 
immediately prior to the establishment of the 
jiresent business he was emjiloyed as salesman 
by one of the oldest nuporters of precious 
stones in Maiden Lane, New N'ork. Harvey 
Huestis was born in Wallace, Nova Scotia, in 
1848. He came to the I'liited .States when 
(|uite a young tnan .and learneil the iewelry busi 
ness in Attleboro and Providence. After serving 
his time he begati manufacturing on his own 
accoinU in com|)any with ;i Mi .Smith under 
the firm name of .Smith & Huestis, their factory 
being located on Page street, Piovidence. .After 
a tew years he sold his interest, and the tirm oi 
Hutchison ^L- lluestis was tormed, in 1877, their 
production being the finest of anything matle in 



the city (jI l'ro\i(lence, anti the company have 
met with remarkable success ever since they 
began business, their g<.)ods meeting with a 
re. Ill)' sale, and then' high standard of i|u,Uity 
])ro\n)g a permanent advertisement with the 
trade th.it h.mdle their ]jroductions. This is 
one ot the concerns that has helped to gi\"e the 
city of Providence the reputation of ]iro(lucing 
tlie linest gootls in the jewelry line that are 
made in this connlrv. ,\Ir. Huestis, being a 
practical jeweir)- manufact ui ei', has charge of 
the mechanical part of the business, and .Mr. 
Hutchison has sole charge of the office and 
business end of the establishment, h.is experience 
in New \'oik in the piecious stone business 
pi'o\iiig ol great \',diie to the fiini. Their goods 
sell e.\tensi\ely throughout the I'nited States 
and Canatla, and some in fnreign countries. .\t 
dilferent times the companx' ha\e cieated a 
number of inventions in their line for which 
they ha\'e recenetl patents, antl their goods are 
considered as fine as any made in America. To 
produce the high class goods made b)' the tiiiu 
rei.|uire the services of the most skilled work- 
men, each one of whom is thoroughly (iroficient 
in the several [xirts of the business. They 
employ a number of e.xpert tool makers which 




Harvey Huestis. 

eiKibles them to produce new designs continually 
and so to keep tiilly abreast of the times with 
the latest and most u|>to-date goods. 



AND lU'SIXl-.SS MI-;N ()1 



IIOIJI-: ISLAM). 



125 



J. L. Crandall & Co. Manufacturers of 14-k 
i and I J-k .,',, hanil-burnishcd vest charms. 
( )mct;a bracelets, ])atented solderless padlocks 




Joseph L. Crandall. 

and slides, guards, etc., in gold plate and silver. 
Business established January 1, icSg6, by J. L. 
& N. M. Crandall. Works located at 99 Stewart 
.Street, I'rovidence. lunploy some 50 hands. 
Joseph L. Crandall was born in Lebanon, Conn., 
March 7, iS(>(>. When about eighteen years of 
age he borrowed sul'ficient money to enter the 
works of the Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co., to learn 
the trade of a machinest, completing his time 
in 1888. He then went to North Attleboro, 
Mass., and engaged with C. W. Cheever & Co., 
where he remained about two years, afterwards 
entering the employ of H. F. Barrows & Co., 
of the same town, taking charge of their tool 
department, holding this position for two years. 
He then went to work for R. Blackington i\: 
Co., following which he entered into business on 
his own account making jewelers' tools, but 
during the year that he was in business the 
times were very dull in the manufacturing line, 
and he returned to R. Blackington & Co., where 
he remained until 1896, when he again went in- 
to business, this time manufacturing jewelry, 
his brother being a partner, and doing all the 
travelling, while he superintended the factory 
end of the business. In igoo he purchased his 



brother's interest, since which time he has been 
the sole proprietor, retaining the original name 
of the company. Mr. Crandall owes his success 
largely to his patent soklerless padlocks which 
he has sold extensively throughout the country 
among the manufacturers and jobbers. Mr. 
Crandall is the son of Joseph C. Crandall, of 
Lebanon, Conn., one of the ])rominent poli- 
ticians of that section of the State, who was 
elected a member of the .State Legislature for 
two years, a member of the Senate for the 
same length of time, and at one time was 
County Commissioner. 

Queen Dyeing Co. — Dyers of cotton piece 
goods into analine blacks only. ( )ne of the 
largest plants in the country. Business estab- 
lished by .\lbert llorton, B. J. Ilorton and W. 
Fenn ALather in 1895. Incorporated in 1895. 
Capitalized for §25,000. Works located rear 
589 Atwell's avenue. Providence, l-'.mploy 300 
hands. Officers : W. I'cnn Mather, President ; 
.\lbert Horton, Treasurer; Ix J. liorton, 
.Secretary. 

Jeremiah H. Bates. -ALanufacturer of the 
Bates patent well curb, com|)osed of a plain bo.\ 
with crank with self-filling and self-tipping 
bucket. Business established by Mr. Bates in 
1857 in New Bedford, Mass., but soon located 
his plant in Providence. Patent granted in 
1858. Used extensively throughout the United 
States and Canada. Works located at 195 Dyer 
street, I'rovidence. Mr. Bates was born in Cov- 
entry, R. I., April 17, 1830. Was first a con- 
tractor and builder, building some of the largest 
blocks in New Bedford. 

Snow & 'Westcott. — Manufacturers of a gen- 
eral line of 14-k gold jewelry. Business estab- 
lished in 1834 by G. & S. Owen. Works located 
in the Jesse Metcalf Building, i 58 Pine street, 
Providence. Employ 30 hands. James P. Snow 
was born in Boston, Mass., September 22, 1839 ; 
Charles E. Westcott was born in Providence, 
-August 13, 1848. 

The Bliss Chester Co. — Manufacturers of brass 
and sheet metal goods. Business established 
July I, 1900. Works located at 31 Mathewson 
street. Providence. I'.mploy 25 hands. 

Hanley & Murdy. — Assayers and refiners. 
Business established in 1895. Works located 
at 189 Eddy street. Providence. Patrick Hanley 
was born in Ireland, February, 1844. 



I JO 



i5i()(.k.\i'iii( Ai. iiisiokv oi- liir; mam i'.\( ri;Ri'.Rs 



M. F. Williams. Mamifacturer of i)carl and 

Lj'iM ]ilat((l |r\\rh\ l'.n^!iK->^ rvtal)li-~luil ni 
lSi)7 li\ M, I', W iUkiih- I a|iilali/r(l f. ir 



George Hamilton. Manufacturer of ji^welers' 

ml'.: t li ill L'itul< l-'ifiirfHl rnlli^ :t t;i'»er in Itv 




Mauuil F Williams. 

.SiS.iiuu, \iinilKr 111' riii])li iM-v, Si I \\iirk> 
liioalcil .11 'HI Slrwarl -Irr;-!, I 'n i\ nKiuc, Man- 
uil l"raiu-i- \\ iliiaiiw w.i^ Imni iii 1 'n i\ iilnuT. 
>i|it(.'iiilnr J. iS'ii). Al tlu- .'il;!' "1 rK-\ cii \iars 
lir Willi til wiirlx I'm- tlu- n\\rlr\ iiianukn-lunnL; 
I'liiirni III' tin- Knxvc. \lliii In,, a^ iTr.iinl Imx. 
ami al tlu- aL;>' i 'i' ril'liTii lir liail wnrknl ii]i In 
MR-h a iK-i;rrf nf |ir' ili<u'ii<-\ lli.il lln- ri iiii|i;iii\ 
iii.'uK- liiiii iMiriii.an III' llii- rtiL;i'a\ iiiL; ilfparl tiiriil 
iif llu'ir r^talili^liiiTiil l.aliT lu- w.a-. |iri niii iiril 
In lu-ai'i imliT i-K-rk I'nv llu' iiitiiT r-.laliliNlniU'iiI 
I'nr llir l:i>I riu;hl \i:ar^ "i llu- I'mn-trrii llial Mr. 
Williaiiw \\a^ rni]ili i\ i-d li\ llii^ iiini]>an\ lir w.is 
I'l irriii:m i il llir |n-ai'l ilc|i,irliiu'iil In 1S114. 
lia\iii'_; a ilc^ivr in i-nlrr ilu- maiinlai'l iirniL; licid 
liinisrlf. Ik- Innk niK' n| tlir ]uarl wnrknu-ii and 
willl liiiii ^l.'iili-il iiiln ilii' |narl |c'\\rir\ liuviiu-sv 
nndcr llir lirm iiainc nl llic \i\\ kaiL^kand I'rai'l 
I. n.. at |i> ( 'lilTnrd striTl. Ill 1S117 llu ]iarliiri 
sliip \\;i^ disvnl\a-d. and Ml'. William^ Niarlril 
inti) liii^iiir^^ .almir al llir rrar nl' Jj'i k',dd\ --iriTl 
willl .a l':irlnr\ .)ii\Sii fret. In \]inl, |i|iil. In 
inn\cil In- |ilan! In In- |iiTNriit Incalinn at 1 1' 1 
Strwart -irrrt. wlurr hr li;i- a faclniw. nindrni 
in c\a.-r\ ri-^iu-i-t. ;5\ii5 I'ni \lf. \\ illiaiiiv 
lias cariii-ii a ri'iuii.al inn |nr ni.annlarl nniiLi a 
-iilirrinr lini- nl ^nmK. wliirli arr vnlil all n\,i- 
llu- rnitnl .^lalc- ;iiid ( 'aii.-id.'i. and i^ mu- ^li llu- 
■,i.-i-\ cii-ilitalilt- jrwi.-lr\ iii.-innf.-u-niriiiL; r-tali- 
ii-liiiu-iit« 1 1|' llu- lit -, I if i '1-1 1\ iil(-iu-(-. 



George Hamilton. Manufacturer of ji^welers' 
looks ot all kinds. I-'i<;ured rolks a sjiecialty. 
HusiiK-ss established hy .Mr. Ilarniltnnin 1S95. 
Works at (.(3 I'ine street, I'ldNidenee. Horn in 
\ew Ipswich, X. 11. January 8, 1854. Was in 
the employ of other tool makini; concerns tor 
twenty fue years |irior to heninnint; business tor 
hiniselt, 

L. J. Roy & Co. — Manufacturers of collar 
liutlnii^, i.hains, and a general line of s].iecialties 
made m rolled j;old. Business established in 
iijoo. Works loc.ited m the h'itzgerald Huikl- 
inj;. 47 CliHoiil street, l'ro\-idence. h'.mploy 20 
h.iiuls Levi I Roy was born in Canada, De- 
cember JO, 1S113. lie learned the lewelry nian- 
iif.icluring business in the employ of the tirni of 
'I". 1. ."-imith. No. .Attlelioro, Mass.. in 1879. wdiere 
he remained until 1888, He was emjiloyed by a 
ruiniber of manufacturing jewelers in the city of 
I'riwidencc, among them Fred 1. Marcy. In 
i8()7 he l)eg;in mannf.ictiiring on his own ac 
count as a partner in the tnrm ot Roy & Mina- 
han, continuing under this title until igoo, when 
the firm name became 1., J Roy vv ('o., .Mr. 




Levi J. Roy. 

Roy beiiiL; the sole proprietor. Their goods are 
sold e.\tensi\elv throiiginmt the I'nited .States 
and ( anada. 



AND 1U'SI\I;SS MMX ()1- Rll()])|.; ISLAM) 



127 



Edward N. Cook Plate Co. — . Manufacturers of 
rolled Snld and sihcr plate, .ynld plated --caniK's-- 
wirr III!' Mptical ^mid- and jrwrlrx. cane lii-ad 




Edward N. Cook. 

stock, all kiixls nt plain and fanc\' tuhinii;' in i^'okl, 
silver and ]ilate : also inanufactin-ers nf aluniiniini 
and silver si)lders. and L;"nld solders in all karats. 
I'.nsiness estahlishecl 1)\- k'dward \. Cook in 
iSSd. 1 noi irpi ralid in March, looi. under the 




present name; capitalized for $5().<)0(). l'".iuplo\' 
I _' hands. Works now located in the lesse 
-Metcalf I'.uildin.L;-. 144 I'iiu- street. Providence. 
( )t'fieer> nf the couii)any: I'.dward X. Cook. 
I'resideiU and Treasurer; I". Clinton Cook. 
.Secretary; William C. .Starkweather, Superin- 
teu(k-ut. i'"d\vard .\. Cook hetjan business as a 
liiiokkeeper. and afterwards leariu-d the business 
III a i;()lcl plater. After acc|uirini; the details oi 
the business he bei;an mamU'aclurint; nn his own 
account at 129 Kddy street, then at 'i_> I'atje 
street, where he remained for nine \cars. or 
until the Jesse .Metcalf Iluildinj.; was completed, 
when he was the first to nio\e in. Ills business 
Ui'adually increased luuil this \ear. wiu'ii a cor- 
|)nratiiin was fonued and lar.ijer (|uarters wi-re 
secured in the building. Mr. ( '01 ik was burn 




E. Clinton Cook. 



William C. Starkweather. 

Ml I'elersham. .Mass.. .March _'. 1X57. I'".. ( liu- 
tim t 1 10k was burn iu I '.aldw iuville. .\la^s.. .Sejit. 
12. 1SS2. .\tter gradual in<.4 Irmn the Provi- 
dence liryaut and Stratton I'.nsiness Collei;e. he 
bewail as bnokket-per for his tatlier iu iSijS. and 
liecame a ineniber nt the ciinipan\ u])i)n il^ 
incorporation iu iijoi. beinj;- elected its .Secre- 
tary. William C. .Starkweather, after i^raduatiuj.; 
at the Providence l!r\ant and Stratton I'lUsiuess 
("ollege. eui^ai^ed with llamilton Prns.. iliain 
makers, of Pro\idence. where he reniaiue<l six 
years. He then carried mi a •.jrocerx' business 
for five years, after which in iSSS he entered the 
emplo\ of h'dward \. Cook, where he h.a- 
remained e\er since, heci lining' a member nl the 
cnuipatn upon its inci irpor.atii m. Me is .'super- 
iulendent of the factnrx. lie w.as burn iu 
Coventry. R. P. I )ec. 27. iSdo. 



IJS 



I>1< »(,K.\1'II1(A1. IIISTOKV ()!•■ Illi; M.\\ll'.\( riRi;KS 



The R. L. Griffith & Son Co. Maiuitactuicrs 

I if l;i'1i1 aii'l i;i'l<l plaUil hiilics' and m-iil^' ji-w- 
(_-li'\'. iiu'lmliiiL; ^carf imiin, liriniclu-s, licit liiu-kK-s. 




Rutus L. Griffith. 

ami an rxtmsur linr ■ if -ranili-ss i;iilil ^lu-U riiiL;'-. 
W I irks linalnl al 144 In 1 5S I'mc slrrrl. |t_>se 
Mrloalf I'.nililinL;, I'n i\ iiUnci.-. I nn ii-pi iralcd in 
iSi)-. ( a|inali/f(l fur 8411.(111(1. l-'.iniiliiv 75 
bands. I iflu-crs ; Knfn^ 1., I inft'uli. I'rrsiiK-nt ; 
W alur \ ( irit'fitli. ."^(.(.laiaix and liaasniar. Tlir 
liiisinr^- was (sialili'-licd in 1X7(1 li\ .SanL;(-T \' 
• ivitiith, knfn- !.. < n-itlitli. llir I 'n-i.lcnl df the 
iiiniiian\, \\a> luirn ni ( ai'xci'. .Ma^s. 1 Jircnilicr 
_>, !N_^_'. ik-canu tn I\1mi1c Uland ni 1S14. and 
lHU;an an a|i]iianlua'sln|i m tlu- nwrlrx lin--nii.'sv 
al the aL.'!- 'it ciLdilccn wnli ."^atdvctt . Maxw \- 
INittri". sci'\inu; tlnx-c \cai's, \ttcr scr\inL; In^ 
a]iiiri.ntK'i--lii|i lie weld Iii wiiik tiif I'aliiur i\; 
l\i(diar(K( m. wlui'c lu- n nianicil li ir aliiinl ^cNar, 
xrafs. .\lti-f an cxi irnrni'c ni iitlirr sli.ips ,ii 
tile (■it\. In- i-n;.4aL;"t.-d wnli jiilni 1. .Mani'an. and 
was with Inin Im' thiftcrn va-ar^. In 1S711 he 
l>r'.^an a- a inanniai'tnianL; icw(.-lcf a^ a nicmlKT 
1)1 till- liiin 111 ."s.nimi" \ 1 iiillith. wIuim- Imatinn 
\\a- (111 I'liic >lrc(.'t. and later Inralrd at tJi» l-'dd\ 
-.trect. -\t the end 1 if iwn \ ear^ .Mr, ."^aiiL^cr 
sdld his iiileresi in the liiisines^. ;nid Waller .\, 
iiriftith was adinitied Im the lirtn. tin- name then 
lieiiii; ehan.^ed td K. L. <inttith <.\: Snii. hi tS(;7 



the lutsiness was iiua irjn irated under the name 
III' I he K. 1.. ( iririith \ .81111. ( 11. \\ alter \. 
iiiitlilh was liiirii 111 rni\idenee. .\]iril _'( 1. tSii^^. 
lie rei'eued his ediieatiini in the I'rnvideiiee 
]iiililie seh( )i lis. i^i-adiiatini; ifnin the lliL;h .^ehdnl 
at the ai;e nf sixteen, lieiiii^ the Munn^est in his 
(d.iss. ile then entered the eiii]il(i\ (if .^an^ef \- 
< iritVnh as in n ikkeeper. and al the ai;e nf (.■iL;liteeii 
he liei;an as irasilinu; sali sniaii and lieeaine a 
nieiiilier I if ihe tirni. lieiii:^ the MUint^est sales- 
nan and niamifaet iirer in the eitv nf I'ri i\ideiue. 
lie is a niemlier id ihe .Masiiiiie fraterniu and 
■ ■tiler iiriiinmeiit siieu-tii.--, Ihe eiini|iaii\' sell 
llieir •.^■■iiils all ii\cr ihe I iiited .Stales and 
( aiiada. and 111 |iireii.;n (■■■nntries. llieir |il:iiil 
is e(|in|i|ied with iiKiderii m;i(dnner\". .Mso a 
C(illi|'lele elect I'l i-lilalin;4 de] larl ment . Inr llieir 
snpcrinr ].ri ■dnclH nis the ciini]iaii\ received a 
medal and dililinia al the Wnild's hair in iSi)^. 
1 he wiirl;s 1 :l ihe ciini|ian\ are Incated in iiiie < it 
the insist snlisi.aniial hnildini^s in iju- cit\. erected 
s|'ec'ail\ fill' the icwehw manii lacUtriiiL; Inisi- 
iies^. .'-^ince the 1 ieL;iniiiiiL; . in 1.871). tlu-re h.as 
lieeii .a steadv increase 111 ihe vnhmie nf tlu 
liilsniess. nntil tmlav it is eilic nf the iiinsi e\tei 




Walter A. Griffith. 

si\'e |(.-'A(.-lr\ in:mnt.'U't nrniL; plants m the state, 
]ii"i idncinL; s.inie m the im ist .-itlraclive desii^ns 
that have e\er Ikcii put npnii tin.' market. 








(9) 



I ^o 



H1()(,R.\1'IIU'.\1. lllSlnK\ ()!■ Till. M.\ N I' l-AC'Tl' RKRS 




Schofield, Battey & Co. Mamitactmcrs nl a __'i. l-'i|.l\ Sum. r]i.in ilu- c.iiniilrtinii .ii the 
LifiuTa! iiiK- 'if 'J."\>\ plain! iiii\iltu-s in hulif^' |( ssc Mrlcalf I'.uildiiiL; tln-\ snun-il nmnis for 
aii'l "flit-' ii'\\fli'\. r.n-iiu-s- c-talili-linl in lluii' faiimv lu-ic ami were ahmil the rir>t firm 

111 iiiii\r iiitii tills innilmi ic\\ilr\ iiiamifactur- 
iiii; liiiililiiiL;. In I In riiilirr. |S(|S. Mr. I.ainl)vrt 
Milil Ills iiilcrrst ill till- luisiiuss to .\lr. Srln itirld. 
ami I 111- saim- im iiiili .\l r. ( . \\ . 1 '.attr\ w as taki'ii 
ill as a ]iartiirr. ( liarlrs \\ . r,attc,\ was hum in 
I 'rii\ iilnuT .Marcli u. iSdi;. 1 K- was I'l ir a iiiiiii- 
1 rr 111' \cars traxclin^ saK-siiian I'l ir tlic jcwrlrv 
iiianiifartiiriiii; lirni of W aiti-. .Matlu'w son iK: L'o.. 
ol rro\ iilciuc. Ills i'.\tciisi\e cxpfrifnco on 
the road is of luirssitx of .L;rcat aclvaiitai;r to 
the i-oiiipam of wliicli he is a nicnilirr. Mr. 
r.allr\ ro\c-rs tlir ciitiri.- wrstrrn lirM ami otluT 
siclioiis of tlu- i.iiuntrx. wliiK- .Mr. Sclioru'ld 
tal-rs cari' of a lrrrilor\ luarrr lionir. hrcaiisc 
his scr\iiTs as tin- practii-al man of tin- tirni arc 
rti|iiirril in tlir faotor\ iiion- often than those of 
his ]iarliirr. Tin- l;ooi1s niaiK.- li\ this company 
arr aiiioii^ the lu-st of their class niailc in the 
cit\, ami llic\ arc sold all o\ cr the rnileil Stales 
and ( .iiiada. some liciiiL; sold in lorci^n comi. 
trie's. Ihcir plant is one of the hcst. hciilL:; 

William A. Schofield. 

riaiiuilic. .Mass., Ill \]iiil. iSSS. li\ l.amlicrt. 

Scholield \- ( o. \\ orks now locale! in the Jess, 

.Mctcalt I '.iiildiiiL;. I )4 I'lne sircci, rro\idencc 

h,m]ilo\ iDo hands. William \ .^ihojicld wa- 

horn in I'laiinillc, .Mass.. \nL;i|st \] . iSd^. lU 

K ariicd the ]cwclr\ hilsim-ss with Schotidd. 

Aston \- < o.. Ill the old Stephen Kichardsi m 

r.uildmu; of X'orth \ttlchoro. .Mass. After 

si.r\inL; his apprenticeship with ihis tiriii. Ik- was 

em]ilo\cd h\ the I'laiiu lUi- ."^Imd^ ( o., of I'lain- 

\ille. .Mass.. as their assistant foreman, where he 

remained cil;Ii| \ears Alter this he came lo 

1 'r< i\-ideiice and ciiL;aL;cd with llaiicock. I'.cckcr 

\- to,, where lie sia\cd one \car. ha\mi; chari^c 

of their shipping dep.irliiiciil . When the lilisi 

lU ss of Scholield. Aslon vV to. of I'laiiiMlle. 

.Mass.. was s,,ld out in iSSS. .Messrs Seholield 

and l.aml.crl lioii;..;lil the |il:iiil. where lhe\ he^aii 

I'lisiiie^s inider the liriii n.inie ol l.amlicrt. .'~^clio- 

I'lcld iX,- t o. reiiiaiimiL; l!K''e ahiml iwo \ears. 

.\l the end of tli.al lime, liccoiiiim,; c.in\iticcd llial 

the facilities i, .r cariwim; on ihc m.iiml.icl iirmu; 

iewehw 1 .iisines. in tliccil\ of rroM,]eiice were cipiippc-il with all modern niaclimcVN . which 

superior III those of riannille. tlie\ nioxed their en.ahles them to prodiu-e the hcst results cco- 

]ilaiit to tills cit\ 111 .\o\eiiiher, iSSi), locating; at iioiiiic;ill\ and lapidh. 




Charles W. Battey. 



AND BUSINi:SS MEN OK RHODK ISLAND. 



'3' 



William Bens.— Manufacturer of sterling 
silver novelties for ladies' and gentlemen's wear. 
Business established by William ]5ens in 1890. 




William Bens. 

Works located in the Jesse Metcalf Building, 
158 Pine street, Providence. Employs 50 hands. 
William i^ens was born in Cologne, Germany, 
March 13, 1853. He came to the United States 
in June, i866, and established himself in the 
manufacturing jewelry business in 1S90, after 
having served a term of years with other com- 
panies in the Attleboros and Providence. Mr. 
Jiens possesses a thorough knowledge of the 
business, and his plant is equipped with ma- 
chinery of the latest designs, which enables him 
to produce the finest of work in an economical 
and expeditious manner. 

Wolstenholme Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers of 
gold plated jewelry, a general line. Business 
established in I S89 by John I'. Wolstenholme, 
A. M. Wolstenholme is a member of the firm. 
Works located in the Jesse Metcalf Building, 
1 58 Pine street. Providence. Plmploy 40 hands. 

Wildprett & Saacke — Manufacturers of solid 
gold rings, liusiness established in 1887 by 
William Wildprett ; partnership formed y\ugust 
1 , 1 888. Gustave Saacke partner in the business- 
Works located in the Jesse Metcalf Building, 
158 Pine street. Providence. 



Jesse Metcalf Building.— This building was 
built m 1896, more especially for the manufac- 
turing jewelers' business, its location being on 
Pine, Richmond and Page streets, in the city of 
Providence. The building was named in honor 
of Jesse Metcalf, and is owned by his two 
daughters, Mrs. William ('. Baker and Mrs. 
I'^liza G. Radeke. The length of the building 
on I'ine street is 195 feet, 120 feet on Rich- 
mond street, and 85 feet on Page street, five 
stories high, with two main entrances on Pine 
street, each being e(i nipped with a combination 
!)assenger and freight elevator. The ground 
Hoor is devoted principally to stores. The win- 
dows being close together and very large, there 
being two light shafts in the centre, the build- 
ing is well lighted during day time and a com- 
plete electric lighting plant sui)plies light in the 
evening hours or for night work. The power is 
also electric, furnished by a complete plant in 
the building, the shafting of each plant being 
independent of other shops. liach story is thir- 
teen feet high, and the windows e.xtend to the 
top of the rooms. Drop posts of hard pine are 
carried up to each shop from solid foundations 
of concrete and granite, and every room is 
equipped with the latest improved forges, 
with wind pipes, sanitary arrangements, etc. 
Everything about the building is modern in 
every respect 

Whitehead Brothers Co. — Eoundry and mold- 
ers' supplies. Business established about i860 
by Charles and William Whitehead. The pres- 
ent company was organized in 1893. Plant at 
42 South Water street, Providence. Alfred J. 
Miller is General Manager of the Providence 
branch of the business, and also \'ice-President 
of the company. The foundry trade of New 
England is said to be nearly all supplied by this 
house, which includes molding sand, fire clay, 
foundry facings, etc. The company get their 
supply from their various sand pits and works 
which are located in some fourteen different 
localities in New Jersey. New York and Massa- 
chusetts. 

Excelsior Steam Engine and Machine Co. — 

Manufacturers of the " l^xcelsior " steam engine, 
specially designed as an upright engine for 
small plants. Works located at 30 Eriendship 
street. Providence. The business is carried on 
under the management of John Borland, Jr. 
Repair work of all kinds is done by the company. 



'3^ 



Mil XiK.M'llIC.M. 



isrnK\' OF Tin-; .M.\\rF.\CTrRi:RS 



Samuel Moore & Co. — Manufacturers of jew- 
elers' and silversmiths' suiiphes, uichuiing urna- 
menteil and beailed wire, flat stock, etc., in all 
kinds of metals. Works at 178 I'".ddy stieet. 
Providence. Samuel Moore, who established 
the business in kSSj, was liorn m Falmouth, 
Mass., in September, 1844. He early learned 
the machinist trade in the works of tlie Mason 
Machine Co., of Taunton, Mass., and had a 
thorough e.\[)erience in the building of locomo 
tives and other machinery. 1 lis experience in 
this line is of great advantage to the company 
in their present bu.<;iness, because a practical 
machinist is requiied 
to kee[) the machin- 
ery of the plant in 




proper running order, 
many of their ma 
chines being auto 
matic and somewhat 
comi)licated, especial- 
ly their bead wire and 
bead chain'machines, 
of which Mr. Moore 
is the inventor and 
sole owner, and is 
also the foundation of 
their i)resent exten- 
sive business. 

Henry F. Mencke. 

— Manufacturer (jf 

steel stamjis. lUisi 

ness established in 

i.Sijij. Works located 

in the Jesse Metcalf 

Huildin^. 1 ;S Fine 

street, Providence. Samuel Moore 

Rhode Island Wire 'Works.— Manufacturers 
of all kinds <jt wire cloth, wire screens, fencini;. 
trellis frames, etc. Business established aliout 



located in the Jesse Metcalf Iniikling, 158 fine 
street, Providence. Flmploy 40 hands. ICdward 

F'.ttlinger was born in Newark, X. J., in ( )ctober. 

1 85 5. 

Thornton Bros. — .Manufacturers of gold 
])lated lockets and emblems. Business estab- 
lished in 1877 by James A. Thornton and John 
L. Thornton. Works located at 158 Pine street, 
Providence. Fm])loy 50 hands. John F. 
I'hornton was born in Warren, K. L, Septem- 
ber, I 850. 

A. Herrick & Co. — Manufacturers of jewelers 
findings: priiuipalh' ring findings. Business 

established in 1898. 
Works located at 1 58 
Pine street, Provi- 
dence. Flmploy 10 
hands. Alvin Mer- 
rick is a native of 
Providence. Charles 
1 ). Heaton, partner 
in the business, liorn 
in Indiana, March 2, 
1861. 

P. S. Eddy.— Man- 
ufacturer of a general 
line of solid gold anil 
plated gents' jewelry. 
Works at 144 Pine 
street, Jesse Metcalf 
Huilding, Providence. 
1 -Employ 14 hands. 
Itegan to learn the 
jewelers t r a il e i n 
1844, and after serv- 
ing siinie time as a 
j o u r n ey 111 an with 
other man ul act u ring 
legan business on his 



/J) 



by (.;. Camjibell, who purchased the 



ness of two other concerns and consolidated 
their interests with that of the present conij)any. 
J. II. Cam[)bcll, who has lieen connected with 
the business for some twenty years, is the act- 
ing manager. Works at 20 Clifford street : 
otiice at 111 I'nitin street. Providence, R. I. 

E. J. Ettlinger. — Manufacturer of a general 
line of gold plated jewelry, and white stone 
goods. Business established in 1 88ii. Works 



ciinccrns, in 187J he 

own account in C(ini|ian_v with a Mr. Coggeshall, 
under the tiini name of Coggeshall & Fldd)', con- 
tinuing for si.\ years, and then for about six 
)-ears under the firm name of Pxldy & Blake. In 
i88() began to carry on business alone aiul has 
done so ever since. Pembroke S. luldy was 
born in Providence, July 27, 1830. 

Standard Jewelry Co. — Manufacturers of 
gold and sterling silver emblems, college and 
class i)ins. Business establisheii in March, 
1898. Works located in the Jesse Metcalf 
Ikiilding, 158 Pine street, Providence. 



AND BUSINESS MEN OE RHODE ISLAND. 



133 



Irons & Russell.- Manufacturers of gold and 
gold plated society emblems of all kinds. Works 
located in the old Sackett ]?uildin<!:, 102 I-'riend- 




Charles F. Irons, 
ship Street, Providence. Employ 75 hands. 
Business established in 1861 by Charles F. Irons, 
who was born in Providence, April 17, 1839. 
Mr. Irons began first to manufacture oride 
lockets, and soon after made the regimental 
numbers and letters for the Rhode Island reg- 
iments, and later the corps badges, and from 
these he gradually worked into the manufacture 
of emblems, which are at the present time the 
sole product of the company. Their plant is 
equipped with all modern machinery and appli- 
ances for carrying on their business, everything 
connected with the manufacture of their emblems 
being done in their factory, including enameling, 
coloring, engraving, and all of the tool making. 
Their products sell all over the United States, 
some in foreign countries, and they are con- 
sidered by the dealers as the finest line of goods 
that are made in this country. They sell their 
goods solely to the jobbing houses. Mr. Irons 
began business forty years ago in the same rooms 
that he now occupies, in what was then known 
as the Sackett Building, and owned by Sackett. 
Davis & Co., which was the first building erected 
in the city of Providence for the manufacture 
of jewelry, it having been built some time prior 



to 1850. Directly opposite the Bowen Building, 
then the Richardson & Hicks lUiilding, was 
built in 1852, which is the second oldest struc- 
ture of the city for the manufacture of jewelry. 
Mr. Irons has a record of being about the oldest 
continuous occupant of a building of any in the 
city. Mr. Irons was a member of the General 
Assembly in 1898 representing Providence as 
the fifth representative. 

Charles A. Russell was born in Providence, 
October 24, 1859. After leaving the city 
schools at the age of si.xteen, he entered the 
employ of Charles E. Irons in 1875, as errand 
boy, doing general work about the factory, 
and later as book-keeper. After a time he be- 
came traveling salesman and followed in that 
capacity for some si.x years. During this time 
he enjoyed a scholarship at the Providence 
Bryant & Stratton Business College, which 
gave him a knowledge of certain branches 
that have proven of great advantage to him 
in the years that have followed. He became 
a partner with Mr. Irons in 1881, the name 
of the partnership still remaining as before 
in Mr. Irons' name. In March, 1893, the firm 
name was changed to Irons & Russell. Mr. 
Russell now makes occasional trips in the 




Charles A. Russell. 

interest of the company, to different ])arts of 
the country. The firm keep constantly in 
stock over three thousand patterns. 



134 



HH KiRAl'llKAI. 1II>1( iR\- 



Tl 



M.wri'Ac TL ki:RS 



William H. Luther & Son.- Maiuitacturers dt 
high-grade electro-platetl jewelry, including cull 
buttons, briioches, waist sets, iini;s. belt pins. 




William H. Luther. 

etc. The cumpany have wim a natidnal reputa 
tion tor their " high-gratle, Inw-priced " jewelry, 
which signifies that enniiL;h pure guld is de- 
posited by electricity on their goods to make 
them serviceable enough to give complete satis- 
faction to the consumer, and consequently the 
trade have come to consider these among the 
best line of goods that they t'an handle, because 
the great demand for them means ready sales 
in all [larts of the Inilcd States and Canada, 
and in foreign countries these goods are sold 
extensively, llusiness was established in i.sr)_| 
by William II. Luther, who l.iegan business 
"down town" where he occupied se\-eral shops 
at different times, mo\ing from one to another 
to meet the demands of the growing business, 
and in January, 1S77, he located in the jiresent 
factory on ( ).\ford street, in South I'roxidence. 
where the com[)any ha\e one of the tuost uji-to 
date jewelry manufacturing establishments in 
the state of Rhode Island. The m.nn |)art of 
the factory, which was built some twcuty-tue 
years ago, is located at the ciuncr of ( ).\ford 
and Harriet streets, and since that time smallei' 
additions have been built on ( )\for(l street, and 



in iijooa brick addition was completed 35 feet 
wide by 75 feet in length on Harriet street, 
which was necessary on account of the great 
volume of business that the concern w^as obliged 
to turn out. This new addition is used wholly 
as a workshop in connection with the remainder 
ot the l.ictory. 'l"he plant is equippetl with all 
ot the modern machinery necessary to the ]iro- 
duction of the riucst lines of jewelry, and a 
torce of skilled workmen enable thec(mipan\ to 
com])ete with any manufacturers of jewelry in 
this country. Capacity of the i)lant, 250 em- 
ployes. The ]>ower for the works is supplied 
by a J5 horse |iower Fuller steam engine, and a 
complete electric lighting plant has been put in 
for the accommodation of the factory. William 
11. Luther was born in Dover, X. H., .\pril Ji. 
1844. He is at present a member ot the Board 
of biie Commissioners of the city of I'rovi- 
deuce. I'lederick H. Luther, son ot William 
II., the othei- member of the tirm. was born in 
I'lovidence, R, L, September u, iSoo. He is 
.Superintendent of the w^orks. In addition to 
this l)usiness he is also i)ro[)rietiu' of the .\tlantic 
Crcen Houses, which have developed a large 
business in the city. This is the only jewelry 




Frederick B. Lutfier 
manut.icturing ])lant in thi;'. jiait of the city, 
known as .South Providence, and it may be saitl 
to be one of the most .ittiactixe locations. 



AND BUSINESS MEN OK kllODI-: ISLAND. 



135 



Reliance Mill Company. — Manufacturers of 
fancy table meals, including corn, rye, graham, 
whole wheat, buckwheat, oat meal, etc. Works 
located at 208 to 214 Dyer street, Providence. 
The mill of this company was erected by Henry 
C. ("lark in 1873, and is a substantial five story 
structure, now equipped with four double sets of 
rolls; power being supplied by a 500 horse 
power engine. In the building is a grain ele- 
vator and storage capacity for 40,000 bushels of 



Oliver Johnson & Co. — Manufacturers of 
paints and oils. Business founded by Oliver 
Johnson in 1833. He in turn was succeeded by 
his son, William S. Johnson, now deceased, and 
Benjamin W. Spink. The works are situated 
at the junction of Kllen and l-^ddy streets. Provi- 
dence, are five stories in height, and have a 
frontage and depth of 50x125 feet. The 
machinery equipment here in force is of the 
latest improved pattern, including thirty mills 




Factory of William H. Luther & Son, Cor. Oxford and Harriet Sts., Providence. 



grain, while the company owns a large pier on 
the river, with depth of water alongside suffi- 
cient to enable the largest vessels to discharge, 
while there is a direct railroad switch, thus giv- 
ing them perfect transportation facilities. On 
the dock they have a large three story ware- 
house for the storing of salt, hay, straw and 
sundries. Business was originally established 
by J. C. Redding, succeeded by Goodspeed & 
Co., and later by the present company. Joseph 
Spellman has been the general manager of the 
business since 1893. 



and mi.xers, grinding and jjulverizing devices, 
etc., operated by a seventy-fi\e horse power 
engine. The firm are manufacturers of the 
celebrated "Villa" brand of paint, "King 
Philip" white lead, "Excelsior" ready mi.xed 
[laints, Arthur's matchless stains, putty, etc. 

Oriental Silk Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers of all 
kinds of silk dress goods, lousiness established 
in igoo by M. Maksodian, G. I-'abrickian, .\. Bar- 
ronian, B. Barronian, and M. M. Stone the gen- 
eral manager, all natives of .Armenia. Asia. 
Works at 297 Canal street, l'ro\idence. Small 
plant. 



1^6 



Hloi.RAI'IIU AI. IIISIOKN' ( H- Till'; M .\ \ T I- .\( 1 l' R l-.RS 



Colvin Foundry Co. — Iron c;istinj;s of all 
kiiuLs, their s[)ccialty being heavy castings tor 
machinery, steam engines and tools. JUisiness 
established bv ( i iV' T II Colvin in 1872 on 
Dyer street, l'ro\idence. where the I )yer Stieet 
Land C"o. Huilding now stands. In 1S7:; they 
built a foundry Iniilding of their own on West 
I'lxchange street, then Cove street, where thev 
located the satiie year. Ilere they continueil 
business until 1 Sjd under the firm name of d. 
& T. ll.('ol\in, when Theodore bought his]iart- 
ner"s interest, and changed the name to that of 
Theodore 1 1. Colvin, which was retained until 
the incorjioration of 
the business in 1 Sij6, 
the name then being 
changed to the Col- 
vin I''oundry Co , with 
a ca|.>italizatioii of 
Si 00,000. ( Hticers of 
the comjiany are : 
Theodore II. CoKin, 
President and ( .eneral 
Manager ; Charles T. 
Colvin, .Secretary and 
Treasurer. In iSi)7 
a new |jlant was 
erected on (ilobe 
street, which is one 
ot the largest and 
most up-to-date iron 
foundries in New 
I'ingland, 175 feet 
long by 100 feet in 
widlii, equiiiped with 
every modern con 
\'enience tor doing 
all kinds of work in 
their line. In addition to this new foundr)' 
there is an otficeand jjatlern building. 150 by 50 
feet, two stories, the engine room being located 
in one end of this structure. 

Theodore H. Colvin, the President and ( len- 
eral Manager ot the business, was born in I'lain- 
lield. Conn., .Xpril 2(1. i.S4(] lie learned the 
trade of a niolder in I.)anielson\ ille. now l).iniel 
son, C(.-nn., in 1804. In i,S<>5 he went to woi k 
in a loundr)- in Whitinsville. Mass., uhcre he 
remained but si.\ months In iJecember nt 
that year he went to work tor Caleb (ohin of 
Worcester, Mass., where he remained until 
1S72, when he located in Providence, and es- 




Theodore H. Colvin. 



tablished, in comjiany with his uncle, the firm 
of (i. & T. II. Colvin. ami ever since that time 
he has been carrying on business for himself. 
1 )uring the thirty years that he has done busi- 
ness here he has won a reputation for doing the 
best ol work, and he has made some of the 
largest castings ever turned out in the State. 
His son, Charles T. Cohin, the Treasurer aiul 
.Secretary, was born in Worcester, .Mass., July 
3, iSoS, and has been emplo)-ed by the concern 
toi- a number of years, Clarence II. Colvin, 
another son of Theodore II., who is a member 
of the comjiany and actively associated with the 

business, was born in 
I'rovidence, R. I., 
Uecember 20, 1S77. 
h:iisha II. Colvin, 
brother of Theodore 
M., who has been ac- 
tively associated with 
the comj.iany for a 
number of yeais, and 
is now a member of 
the corjjoration, was 
born in Plainfield. 
Conn., March 4, ICS48. 
The cut illustrating 
the jilant upon the 
o{)j)osite jxige shows 
one of the \-ery 
modern foundries of 
the city. 

S. K. Merrill & Co. 

— Manulacturei s ot 
solid gold and j)lated 
lockets. Established 
by Sylvester K. Mer- 
rill in I .S71 , who was 



born in Pheni.x, R. I., Sept. 9, 1840. Robert ]'.. 
lUidlong, who was born in Providence in 1864. 
liecame a member of the firm about 1883. I-'ac- 
tory located at 1 in Chestnut street, iunjiloy 
50 hands. 

The Thomas Phillips Co. — Manutacturers of 
machinery and cojijier work ; bleaching, dyeing, 
dr\ing and finishing machinery. lUisiness in- 
corj)orated in 181)4. Works locateil on Henefit, 
Pike, Tr.iverse aiul Tockwotton streets. Pro\-i- 
deiuc This is one of the oldest and largest 
m.muf.icturing jilants in the cit_\-. George 
C. Phillijis is President and Treasurer ot the 
comjiany. 



AND HUSINESS MEN OF RHOIJI'; ISLAND. 



137 



John Heathcote. — Manufacturer of tcntering 
and drying machines, for use in woolen mills, 
etc Business established by John lieathcote 
in 1870. Works located at 212 Eddy street, 
I'rovidence. John Heathcote was born near 
Manchester, England, April 30, US33. In 1842 
he came to I'rovidence, and after procuring an 
education in the public schools of I'rovidence, 
he was a]iprenticed to the I-Vanklin I'oundry 
and Machine Co., to learn the trade of a ma- 
chinist. Serving four years he soon after 
entered the employ of the Corliss and Nightin- 
gale Engine Co., and then was engaged in tit- 



ried on the manufacture of these machines, mak- 
ing important improvements from time to time. 
Mr. Heathcote is also the Treasurer of the Rus- 
sell I'-lectric Manufacturing Co., of i'rovidence. 
George H. Heathcote is at present associated 
with his father in the manufacture of tentering 
and drying machines. 

Edwin Lowe & Co. — Manufacturers of solid 
gold finger rings, ear rings, scarf pins and studs. 
Business established by W. IC. Webster & Co., 
about the year 1888, the business purchased by 
Edwin Lowe and l-'rank W . liodwell in iSgg. 
]''actory located at 116 Chestnut street, Provi- 




in- 








Plant of the Colvin Foundry Co.. Globe Street, Providence. 



ting up the machinery for the Pacific Mills of 
Lawrence, Mass. Then he was in the service 
of Brown & Sharpe for about three years when 
that concern was located on South Main street, 
and employed seven or eight workmen instead 
of the eighteen hundred or more that the Brown 
& Sharpe Mfg. Co. now employ. In 1866 Mr. 
Heathcote established a steam, gas and water 
piping business in company with a Mr. Barbour, 
under the firm name of Barbour & Heathcote. 
About 1870 this firm bought out the patent of 
the J. S. Winsor Tentering and Drying Machine 
Co, and in 1874 Mr. Heathcote purchased his 
partner's interest. Since that time he has car- 



dence. Employ 40 hands. I'" rank \V. Bodwell 
was born in Bo.xford, Mass., December 11, 1858. 
Learned the jewelers and tool makers trades, 
and is now the Superintendent of the business 
that is carried on under the name of K. M. 
Lowe & Co., Mr. Bodwell being a co partner. 

The Clason Architectural Metal Works. — 
Manufacturers of copper and galvanized iron 
cornices, fronts, bay windows, metal ceilings, 
skylights, etc. Works located at 281 Canal 
street. Providence. Incorporated in 1898. 
Officers : Harold J (iross. President ; John W. 
Bishop, Treasurer ; (ieorge E. Hussey, Secre- 
tary. Capital, Sio.ooo. Cicneral Manager, 
Clayton Harris. 



lUOCRArillCAl. IIISIOKV (U- Till-; MA.\ri'A(TL'RI':RS 



David Burton. — Steam, (ias and Water Vipc, 
ami litlin<^>. Ai^w ilcalcT in k'c.-<l anil furrr 
]>uni]is. Mr. j'.'.irlnn wa^ liiirn ni I'li i\ idrnic. 







David Burton. 

IH-Crnilirr 1-1. iS:;:;. Vflrr n ini] iKuni; Iii^ nln- 
catimi ni xhv pnlilic m'IkmiK he Karncil llir iradc 
lif a >teani and i;a^ fitui-. anil after \\i irl.inL; a-- a 
)i lUrncN man fi U" :i nnnilirr <>l \rar^ lie r^lali- 
lisheij tile pn-^rnt Im^inr-^ in tin- \car iSii:^, and 
lias Cdiilinned in ihiv Inu- r\rr niiut. dr\ eh )1iiiil;' 
a \'er\" cxlcii^nc I'lisinrsx t liri hil^Ih ml llie slate. 
lie i-- iiiie 111' tile mMcvI inaiiii laet iiferN ni lii^ line 
in tile eil\ ( it' 1 'r. i\ ideliee. Wiirk^ lin-aled at J3 
and J7 I 'a,L;e >lreel. I'viixidenee. lie wa^ a 
iiicniluT lit iIk I'ri i\ idetiee ( il\ ( iiiiiuil Irinn 
1SS7 til 1S117. re|it-esentinL; the liitli W aril. 
1 e\v men ill tlie eil\ lia\ e earned 1 m a nmre 
lliiirnni^li and ^nrcessinl liiisiness i'. ir ,1 iHiiiid 1 it 
ii\-er tliiny liw \ears than .\lr. Ilnriiui. Mi- 
repnlatiiin is -ueli tliat \\liene\ei' a I'lmtraet lia- 
lieen auardt-d tii liiin lee aii\ 1 it inir inatiiitae- 
inrers tlie\ were eiinlident lliat llie\ were In 
reeeixe the lie-t l.nid ii| wink that was im lie prn- 
enreil in the line that .\lr I'.nrtiin was eni;aL;ed 
m. I his i^eneral eiinlidenee that has lieeii 
aeciirded him has wiui Imn main a einitrael that 
iilherwisc- niii.;lil ha\e u,' me In iither ladders in 
tin- general tield 1 it ei iiiipetil ii in. .Mr I'nrtim was 
line 111' the memliers iif the 1 ild lime tire de|iarl- 
nunt I if the eit\ . 



B. A. Ballou & Co. -Manufacturers of a gen- 
eral line (if gold and rolled plate jewelry, to- 
gether with specialties and jewelers' findings. 
Make a large line of small gold chains, with 
minute links, such as are used on eye glasses, 
Inr trimming jiurixises, etc. In this latter line 
they are probably the most e.xtensive manufac- 
turers in the country. Ikisiness established in 
iSji) by liaiton A. Halloii, and soon after this 
time his brother-in-law, John J. I-"ry, was taken 
in as a partner in the business. Works located at 
iji I'eck street, and 102 Orangestreet, Providence, 
in the Dyer Street Land Co. Building. I-anploy 
about I 15 hands. Their plant is equipped with 
all <if the latest machinery that is required in 
the manufacture of their various lines, antl the 
best class of workmen is employed. Barton .\. 
Hallou was born in Cumberland, ]\. I,, in (Octo- 
ber, 1X33. At the age of eighteen he was ap- 
lirenticed to learn the trade of a jeweler with 
the hrm nf I.noii & Rathbun, nf I'nividence. 
lie worked as a journeyman for a number of 
years, and in 1876 began manufacturing on his 
own acciiunt, the following year Mr. John J. I*"ry 
beciimiiig a partner, and the present firm name 
was adiipted. L'pon the death of Mr. Fry, Mr. 
f^allou's son, h'rederick A. Ballou, became a 
partner in the business, and for a number of 
years he has been the general manager. He is 
a native of I'rovidence. The goods made by 
this company stand very high in the market 
throughout the L'nited States, and man}- of their 
productions are sold in fureign countries. 

Waite, Thresher Co — Manufacturers of a 
general line of guld jewelry, including a full line 
of ladies' goods. Business established by 
I)aniel H. Waite in iSd;, the hrm name then 
being Waite, Smith \; Co Incorporated as the 
Waite, Thresher Co.. in iSijy. Works located at 
111 I'eck street, in the Dyer St. Land Co. Ikiild- 
ing, l'ro\-idence, l-.mploy 200 hands. (_)tTicers : 
William 11. Waite, President; Henry G. 
Thresher, Secretary and Treasurer. The former 
is a nati\e of Providence, where he was born 
.Sejitember 27, 184S; the latter, born in Central 
P'alls, K. I., August 5, 1S55. 

Read & Lincoln. — Manufacturers of sterling 
silver novelties; said to be the largest manu- 
facturers of silver jewelry in the .State; make a 
general line. 15usiness established bv the ]>res- 
ent owners in iScjo. P'actory at 116 Chestnut 
street. Providence. Lmjiloy 65 hands. William 
A Read is a native of Attleboro Falls. Henry 
.\. Lincoln was born in .\ttIeboro P'alls, .Mass., 
i-'eb, iv iSvS. 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ESLAND. 



139 



Dyer Street Land Co. Building. — The Dyer 
Street Land C'o. Huildiiij;, which was built in 
1874 exclusively for manufacturing jewelers, ex- 
cept the first floor, which was planned for the 
wholesale grocery business, is located on Dyer, 
Peck, Friendship and Orange streets, Provi- 
dence, occupying a whole stpiare. It is five 
stories high, the entire building now being oc- 
cupied by manufacturing jewelers, including the 
first floor. The building is i<So feet on Orange 
street, about 160 feet on I'eck street and 86 feet 
in width. The power for the building is fur- 



670 Eddy street ; employ 100 hands. Estab- 
lished by Charles A. \'oung about 1875. l-'rank 
N. Young was born in Providence, July 12, 
i860. Arthur L. Young was born in Provi- 
dence, November 24, 1863. These two brothers 
now constitute the company. 

James Hill Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers of rov- 
ing cans, cap boxes, paint [jails, waste cans, and 
a variety of goods in the tinware line. Busi- 
ness established by James Hill probably forty 
years ago, in a small way, and the plant has 
gradually been increased until it is at present 




Dyer Street Land Co. Building, Dyer, Peck 

nished by a Corliss engine of 75 horse [lower. 
The company was incorporated in 1S74, the in- 
corporators being Sylvanus M. Lewis, l^x-tjov- 
ernor Henry Lippitt, John T. Mauran and J. H. 
Mathewson. Henry H. Lewis, the son of .Syl- 
vanus M. Lewis, is now the Agent and Treas- 
urer of the company. This is one of the largest 
and strongest built manufacturing buildings in 
the city. 

Young Bros. — Manufacturers of plain and 
fancy paper boxes, paper rolls for mailing, and 
jewelers' plush, satin and velvet work. Factory 



Orange and Friendship Streets, Providence. 

one of the largest in the State. Works located 
on Westfield, Fuller and Sprague streets, Provi- 
dence, 60 by 200 feet. Power furnished by a 
fifteen horse power steam engine. The com- 
pany also do a large business in galvanized 
sheet iron goods, such as ash cans, water pails, 
well buckets, waste cans, etc. Their produc- 
tions are sold extensively throughout the 
Cnited States. 

Claflin & Co. — Manufacturers of gold plated 
buttons and novelties. Business established in 
18S9 by W. S. Claflin. Employ 15 hands. 
Works located in the Jesse Metcalf Building, 
158 Pine street. Providence. 



14'- 



nil XiKAl 



ICAl, lll.slOk\- ol'- VWK MAXriACTL'Kl-.RS 



Frank L. Thornton. Mcmutacturer ot family 
cereals, his leading; specialty being sell raising 
tlours. at JS and >o Sabin street. I'rdNidence. 




F. A. Chase & Co. Manufacturers of shut- 
tle irdns and dealers in textile mill supplies. 
Messrs. l-'rederic .\. Chase and I'^rederic L. 
Chase constitute the company. The works 
ami storehouse are located at 2~i West 
■ •Exchange street, I'rovidence, in the Hnnvn 
Ikiilding. 

The C. A. Caswell Carriage and Harness Co. — 

Manufacturers of all kinds of light and heavy 
carriages. 'I'he company make a specialty of 
heavy e.\])ress and teaming wagons, and their 
trade is ])rincipcdly in .Southern Rhode Island. 
■■'actory located in Wakefield, R. I.; one of the 
largest carriage manufacturing plants in the 
State. luiijiloy I 5 hands. Business established 
in 1892 by Caleb .\. Caswell, who was born in 
-South Kingstown, R. I., September 14, 1S31J, 
and was the sole owner of the business. Mr. 
Caswell does horse shoeing in connection with 
his carriage business, and his salesroom, which 
is connected with his carriage factory, contains 
a full supply of carriages of various makes, to- 
gether with harnesses and all kinds of horse 
iroods. Mr. Caswell is thoroughlv versed in the 



Frank L. Thornton. 

Packer of whole wheat, graham Hour, R. I. corn 
meal, oatmeal, l^altimoie I'earl Meal, rolled oats, 
etc. lousiness established in 1882. Mr. Thorn- 
ton was born in l'ni\ idciuc, Maicli 11, 1849. 
After spentling three \cais in the gold and 
diamond mines of .South .Africa, m the Trans- 
vaal and l''ree State, he returned home antl 
entered into the mercantile business, until he 
established his i)resent business in i88j. His 
cereals are used e,\tensi\'ely throughout Rhode 
Island and ]jarts of Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut. 

Geo. Hawes & Sons. - M.inuf.icturers of 
1 lawes improveil steam tr.i]). liusiness estab- 
lished in 1881. I.orin 1'. Hawes was the inven- 
tor of the tra]i, which possesses main' ad\'an- 
tages. .\t a very low temperature it will not 
freeze up, the claim is made that a savmg of 
one-third in cost of fuel is made bv its use, and 
the ])atent dia|ihragm insures satisfactory ser 
vice for nioie than ti\-e years. ()riice J3 Hver 
street. The business nl the compans' originally carriage manufacturing business, and his ]iro- 
was that of wholesale truit and ]ii'o(luce, which ductions are of the highest grade that are made 
was established in 1839 by (ieorge Hawes. in this part of the country. 




Caleb A. Caswell. 



AND BUSINESS MPIN OF KHODI", ISLAM). 



141 



Mechanical Fabric Company.— Manufacturers 
of rubber thread, card cloths, air mattresses 
and cushions, and other rubber specialties. 
Business established by A. I,. Kelley in May, 
i8go, and incorporated the same year. Capital- 
ized for Si 50,000. Works located on Sprague 
street, I^lmvvood, Providence. Km])loy about 
100 hands. Officers: Arthur I.. Kelley, Presi- 
dent: lulward B. Kelley, Secretary and Treas- 
urer. The plant is one of the best in the city; 



ship street, Providence. Mr. Norton is a 
native of Swanscy, Mass.. where he was born 

October 7, 1857. 

C. P. Darling & Co. — Manufacturers of 
wooden packing bo.xes, bo.x shooks, etc. Busi- 
ness established in 1884 by C. P. Darling. 
Works located at 413 Charles street. Provi- 
dence. The entire plant was destroyed by fire 
in 1895, but new works were built the same 
year and the business continued, Mr. Darling's 




Plant of The Mechanical Fabric Company, Sprague Street, Elmwood, Providence. 



the entire property occupying nearly a sc|uare. 
The goods manufactured by this company are 
considered as fine as any made in the country. 
Frye Bros. — Manufacturers of rolled gold 
plate, buttons, pins, chains, charms, etc., and 
optical goods. Business established June i, 
1901. Works located at 38 Friendship street, 
Providence. I^mploy 10 hands. 

William Norton. — Manufacturer of gold 
plated novelties in jewelry ; also a variety of 
pearl goods. Busmess established by William 
Norton in 1896. Works located at 38 F'riend- 



son, Edwin S. Darling, being at that time ad- 
mitted as a member of the firm. The works 
cover an area of 40,000 square feet, and are con- 
nected with the railroad by a switch, thereby 
making it convenient for shipping their goods. 
C. P. Darling was a native of Douglas, Mass. 
The Rhode Island textile mills are supplied 
largely by this house with their packing cases. 

George H. Cahoone & Co. — Manufacturers of 
ladies', misses' and children's solid gold rings, 
seamless filled rings, scarf pins and brooches. 
Works located in the Manufacturers Building, 
7 Beverly street, Providence. 



M^ 



UK )(,k.\iiiK'.\i. iiisroRN- oi- rill-: Mwri-AcrrkiiKS 



Hamilton Web Co. Manufacturers ol narrow 
fabrics, lioot and f;aitcr webs, tapes, binclin<;s, 
and non elastic webs in cotton, worsted and 
silk, also name webs. Husiness established in 
iS6ti bv X'aughn ^; (ireeue in the piesenl loca- 
tion. Incorjiorated in 1.SS5. l"a])itali/ed for 
Si 50.000. ( )lTicers: Janies A. <lreene, President 
and Treasurer; Joseph W. (ireene. Secretary 
and Superintendent. The mill i)roperty is lo- 
cated in Hamilton, K. I., near Wickford, in the 
town of North Kingstown, on one of tlie most 
beautiful sites tor a manufacturing business to 
be found in the State, overlooking Narragansett 
Hay anel surrounded 
by broad intervales, 
near the mouth of 
the .\iinaiiuatucket 
River, utilizing its 
waters just lief ore 
they emiity into the 
15ay to the e.xtent of 
about 100 horse 
power. In addition 
to this there is a 
modern steam jilant 
of about 200 horse 
power, including one 
Greene and one Har- 
ris-Corliss engine, 
which furnish suffi- 
cient [lower for the 
entire works. 'I"he 
wooden mill which 
was liegun when the 
business was estab- 
lished, has been en- 
larged from time to 
time, its style 




James A. 

irchitecture being that of the 



located a little farther up the stream and is 
known as the Annaquatucket factory. The 
plant contains 109 looms, 60 iactjuarils antl 
5,000 siiindles. The yarn is all s])un, colored 
and polishetl in their own factories, and the fin- 
ished iiroduct is sold direct. This company 
were the first to manufacture webbing in the 
State of Rhode Island, and enjo\s the distinc- 
tion of being the pioneer industry of its kind in 
the I'nited States in connection with one other 
f.ictory that was established in Connecticut at 
about the same time. Janies A. ( ireene, the 
President of the company, was born in Centre- 

\ille, R. J., January 
5, 1833, and is a de- 
scendant of the orig- 
inal John ( ireene, 
"surgeon," who came 
over in connection 
with Roger Williams 
and settled in Rhode 
Island. His father, 
J o s e p h W a r r e n 
Greene, was also a 
native of Centreville, 
and a manufacturer. 
When Mr. (ireene 
entered into ]iartner- 
ship with Mr. X'aughn, 
he immediately began 
to increase the vol- 
ume of business, en- 
larging the factory to 
meet the demand, 
and to his energy and 
business tact the 
Greene. present successful 



_. ^ establishment may justly be credited. His son, 

typical New luigland cotton factory of the past, Josejih Warren Greene, who was born in Brook- 
lyn, N. \.. in 1863, entered the employ of the 
company in 1SS5, being elected Secretary and 
Superintendent in 189J. James Cullen (jreene, 
a younger son, who was born in Hrookl)n, 
New X'ork, entered the employ of the com- 
pany in 1 SS7, and now has charge of the 
otfice work and is paymaster of the corjjor- 
ation. Mr. f ireene, senior, jnior to entering 
into the business of web making had been 
engaged in the jewelry business with his 
father, Josejih Greene, under the linn name 
of Joseph W. Greene .N Smith, 170 Broadway, 
New \'ork. 



but the new factory, which is devoted wholly to 
weaving, is a motlern brick structure, J30 feet 
in length by 121 Icet in width, and was built 
about i.SSj. The mills are ])idtected byasprink 
ler system, and are e(|ui|)i)ed with the most 
modern machinery that is maile for the manu- 
facture of cotton, worsted and silk webbing. 
The dwellings where the 175 employes live with 
their families, are well built and situated on 
well kept streets, near the works, making the 
village of Hamilton one of the most attractive 
manufacturing hamlets in the Smith C<nmty. 
The com].>any own another small mill which is 



AM) iusixi:s.s Mi;x oi- riiodi-; isi..\\d. 



143 



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Hamilton Web Co.'s Annaquatucket Mill. 







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Mills of the Hamilton Web Co., Hamilton, R. I. 




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Halkyard Mfg. Co. Building, Cor. Dotrance and Friendship Streets, Providence. 



AND lUSIXKSS MEN Ol' KHoUK ISLAND. 



145 



Halkyard Manufacturing Co. Manufacturers 
of lacing hooks for shoes and other purposes, 
and a line of rivets for belts, shoes, harness trim- 
mings, etc. The business was established in 
1879 by William Halkyard and incorporated 
October J4, 1888. Capitalized for Si 50,000 with 
William Halkyard, President and (ieneral Man- 
ager ; Henry A. Church, Treasurer, and George 
M. Church, Secretary, the two last named being 
members of the well known jewelry manufac- 
turing firm of II. A. & C. M. Church. The 
works are located at the corner of Dorrance and 
I'Viendship streets where they employ 50 hands. 
This is one of the 
pioneer manufactur- 
ing concerns of its 
kind in this country 
and their goods are 
sold all over the 
United States and in 
foreign countries. 
There is hardly a shoe 
manufacturer in the 
country that does not 
use these shoe lacing 
hooks, and the indus- 
try is one of the very 
important ones of the 
state. William Halk- 
yard, the President, 
was born in Leeds, 
England, June 20, 
1845. Came to Amer- 
ica in 1849. After 
completing his edu- 
cation in the public 
schools of Providence, 
he entered Ihomas 

J. Hill's machine shop, located on Ivddy 
street, now the Pro\idence Machine Co , to learn 
the trade of a machinist, serving three years, after 
which he was engaged by the Providence Tool 
Co. to make gun tools. Later he was employed 
by William A. Harris when he first began the 
manufacture of steam engines on Eddy street. 
Mr. Halkyard, with the assistance of another 
machinist, built the first Harris-Corliss engine, 
which has proven so popular among the manu- 
facturers of the country. Later he proceeded 
to invent various machines for the manufacture 
of patent lacing hooks, etc., that the company 
make a specialty of. One machine was made 
(10) 




William Halkyard. 



for producing the lacing hooks all completed 
and ready for the enameler, another for the 
purpose of inserting hooks in shoes automatic- 
ally, and still another for making metal beads. 
Machines were also invented by Mr. Halkyard 
for the manufacture of rivets and for covering 
electric wire with lead. 

The factory building that was purchased by 
the company is seven stories in height, and is 
one of the oldest buildings in the city devoted 
to the manufacturing jewelry business. The 
Halkyard Manufacturing Co. occui)y four floors, 
and the remainder is devoted to the manufactur- 
ing jewelry business 

or kindred trades. 

The office of the com- 
pany is located at 148 
Dorrance street. The 
cut shown upon the 
opposite page repre- 
sents a structure sub- 
stantially built, well 
ada[ited to manufac- 
turing [jurposes, and 
for the times when it 
was constructed it 
was considered oneof 
the best buildings of 
the city. This, with 
the Bowen Building 
on Page street, shared 
about equal honors as 
great centres of the 
jewelry manufactur- 
ers prior to the build- 
ing of the more mod- 
ern structurers like 
the Manufacturers' 
Building and others in the city of Providence. 

Greenwood & Chase. — Manufacturers of a 
general line of ladies' jewelry in rolled gold 
plate and electro-plated goods, lousiness estab- 
lished April 15, 1901, by Thomas V . Green- 
wood, who is a native of .Xttleboro, Mass., 
where he was born June 13. 1865. Howard P. 
Chase became a member of the firm soon 
after its establishment, who is a native of 
Providence. Goods are sold extensively in 
this country, and to some extent in luirope. 
The works are locatetl at 9 Calender street. 
Providence. R. 1. They now em[iloy about 
50 hands. 



I40 



HIOC.KAI'IIICAI. IIISTDRV ol Till. M AMTFACTl' Rl'lRS 



Carpenter & Wood. — One of the most imiior 
tant industries that has been pushed to the tront 
durins the iiast few vears is the manufacture ot 




A. 1 Carpenter. 

enamel, which is used largely by jewelers and 
others who have occasion for decorative art. 
One of the |irincii>al firms engaged in the man- 
ufacture of enamels in I'rovidence is that of 
Carpenter i\: Wood, who are located in the so- 
called I'enholder liuilding, now the Halkyard 
Mfg. Co. Huilding, at J.S I-"riendship street. 
The firm is composed of A. I. Carpenter and 
I-'.. 1). Wood. Mr, Carpenter was born in the 
town of Cranston in 1.S5S, and received a com- 
mon school education. While yet a young man, 
he came to I'roviilence and learned the art of 
enamel making, and has since been engaged in 
the business in one cajjacity or another. 'l"he 
present business was started by him in 1X79. 
In 1887 he entered into a partnership with Mr. 
Wood and the firm has since continued under 
the firm name of Carpenter & Wood. Mr. 
W ood, the other member of the firm, was bovn 
in I'rovidence in iS^S, and received a common 
.school education in this city, ills lirst work 
was at the machinists' trade, which lie learned 
at the shop formerly owned by Thomas J. Hill, 
now deceased. .Mi. Wood has had a \-. tried ex- 
l>erience, having been a sailor during three 
years of his life time, and has tr.iveled e.xten 



sively. lie served three years in the Civil War 
and has been foreman in a jewelry factory 
during quite a jieriod of his life. In fact he was 
engaged in that capacity when the firm of Car- 
])enter & Wood was first started. Hoth of the 
members ot the firm are entirely practical, and 
have brought out many new^ ideas in enamels 
that have proven not only profitable to them- 
selves, but also to customers who had use for 
tliat commodity. In fact, it may well be said 
that the firm has done as much as anybody, 
and [Hobably more, to bring about the pojui- 
larity of enamel with jewelers for decorative 
I)urposes in their business where many thous- 
ands of dollars worth are used by manufactur- 
ing jewelers every year. Carpenter & Wood 
make everything that can be thought of in 
enamel aiul may well be said to be a self-made 
and progressive firm. The great popularity of 
enamel goods of all kinds which have been 
I reated largely b_\' this firm, has aided materially 
in increasing the volume of manufactured goods 
m the line of jewelrv, and the ])rospect for the 
luture [iiomises a still greater business. 'l"he 
efforts that the members of this company have 
put forth in this particular branch of trade has 




E. B. Wood. 

again given Rhode Island the right to claim the 
leadership in a branch of another industry, as 
she has in many other instances. 



AND BUSINKSS IMICK OF RHODI-; ISLAND. 



147 



C. Warren Tuttle. — Manufacturer of imitation perfect as if they were cut in the most e.\|)en- 
precious stones of all kinds, glass eyes, claws, sive Brazilian diamond. These goods are used 
noses and taxidermist supplies and millinery or- mostly by the manufacturing jewelers, and con- 
naments, including jet work, beads, etc. Works sequently his output is used largely here in 
located at 21 Eddy street, Providence. Busi- Providence and the Attleboros, although they 
ness established in 1867 by Charles 1). Tuttle are sold in all parts of the country. This class 
in the city of Pawtucket, K. 1., (for a short time of goods was formerly made in I'.urope, but 
being located in Attleboro, Mass..) who was the since the introduction of the business in this 
inventor of this line of work in the I'nited country by Mr. Tuttle, senior, the foreign pro- 
States. Prior to introducing this line of glass duct has found comparatively little room here, 
goods he was a gold plater in Providence, doing because the goods made by Mr. Tuttle are equal 
an e.\tensive business in that line. I'pon the if not superior to the imported imitation stone 
death of Charles D. Tuttle in 1883, Noveniber and the price being equally low, the home mar- 



14, his son succeeded 
him in the business, 
and after remaining in 
Pawtucket until 1892 
he moved his plant to 
Providence, 21 Eddy 
street, where he has 
carried on business 
ever since. Here he 
has increased his busi 
ness largely, his place 
being equipped with 
all of the modern ma 
chinery and appliances 
for the producing of 
his various glass 
specialties. In addi- 
tion to the number of 
goods made already 
mentioned, he also 
makes a line of glass 
dress buttons in vari- 
ous colors, and mill 
supplies including creal 
steps, which are used 




C. Warren Tuttle. 



ket is supplied by the 
A m e r i c a n man ufac- 
turer. It is quite cred- 
itable to the State of 
Rhode Island to have 
the [jrivilege of saying 
that a manufacturer 
within her borders was 
the first to introduce 
this very important in- 
dustry, which enables 
the jewelry manufac- 
t urer to produce highly 
finished and stylish 
jewelry in imitation 
of the most costly 
hrooches, pins, rings, 
etc., so that the masses 
can be accommodated 
with inexpensive decor- 
ations, fully as attrac- 
tive as if real gems 
were incased therein. 
Rhode Island has long 
since had the reputa- 



generally throughout the textile mills of the tion for creating many new things in the 

country. C. Warren Tuttle was born in Provi- various lines of manufactures, from the steam 

dence. May 20, 1856, and began business with engine down to the minute ornament in jew- 

his father when he began the manufacture of dry. Mr. Tuttle has displayed a tact for 

glass specialties, which have taken the place of introducing his goods throughout the country 

costly stone ornaments in jewelry throughout that is somewhat unusal, and which has proven 

the country, their imitation stones being so one of the prime factors that have pushed his 

near in color and form to the real article it re- business to the front and made it one of the 



cjuires a very close examination to discover 
whether they are imitation or the genuine stone. 
He makes them in imitation of diamonds, down 
to the more ordinary turquoise. Every con- 
ceivable shade of color are produced in these 
stones, and the facets are made to ajipear as 



very successful manufacturing concerns of the 
city of Providence. His plant is conveniently 
situated in the liiUings Block, near the railroad 
station in the business centre of the cit\-, and 
it is one of the most progressive industries of 
the State. 



14S 



HKx^RAPniCAI. IIISTORV fll" THK MAN Tl' AC'l IK l.RS 



J. A. Charnley Co. Manutacturers ot icw- 
clcis iiiulings in the line of figured wire ol all 
kinds, tlat stock, i^alleries. etc. Hu.sine.ss estab- 





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< 



James A. Charnley. 

lishcd in iSjj 1)\ James .\. Charnley, who was 
a native of Ti\erton, K. I., where he was born 
October 2, I S3 1, anil who died January .S, 1899. 
Mr. Charnley developed an extensive business, 
and produced many orif,Mnal designs in the vari- 
ous kinds of stock that he manufactured, besides 
many of the automatic machines that were used 
in their manufacture. He served an appren- 
ticeship as an engra\er of rolls for calico print- 
ing with the firm of Andrews & Knight of 
Providence, and was employed at the Cranston 
Print works and other similar concerns at vari- 
ous times, prior to establishing business on his 
own account r|)on his death, his son, Charles 
F. Charnley, became the manager of the con- 
cern, and under his management the business 
has steadily increased, keeping pace with the 
trade in bringing out everything new in the way 
of designs and jKittenis. lie learned the trade 
of a printer or comiiositor and was employeil on 
the Providence Journal and Bulletin for a luim 
ber of years About 1885 he left the printing 
business and engaged with his lather m the 
making of jewelers' lindings, where he has re 
mained ever since, learning every detail ol the 
business, which he has kejjt up to the high 



standartl that was set by his father. Me was 
born in Pawtucket, June 21, 1854. when that 
city was ])artly in Massachusetts. Ills son, 
Jose[)h A. Charnley, who was born in Provi- 
dence, October 13, 1880, is an able assistant in 
the management of the business. The works 
are located at ihi l)orrance street. Providence. 

Saxondale Worsted Mill. — Manufacturers of 
fancy worsteds for men's wear. Business 
established in 1898 by Inman & Tracy, and 
.September i, 1900, the business was reorganized 
and Robert Wilco.x, M. 1)., of Pascoag, be- 
came a partner in the business, and was ap- 
[xiinted Treasurer of the concern. He was born 
in Pascoag, R. L, in November, 1854, where he 
has jjracticed medicine for more than twenty- 
two years. .Mill located in Pascoag, R. I. 
i^mploy about 100 hands. The property w-as 
tormerly known as the James O. Inman .Mill, 
which was carried on successfully b\' him for 
many years. 

National Elastic Webbing Co. —.Manufacturers 
of elastic webbing. Works located at 85 .Sprague 
street. Providence. Consolidated with the 
^American Tubing & Webbing Co. of Providence, 




cll.^lIt■^ F- Charnley. 

1901. The webbing company ol Xew])ort, 
R. I., also consolidated with the same company 
the same vear. 



AND BUSINKSS MKN OK RHODE ISLAND. 



149 



Frederic W. Morse. — Manufacturer of every 
variety of high grade pieced tin ware. Factory 
and warerooms at 94 Dyer street, IVovidencc. 




Frederic W. Morse. 

One of the best equipped tin manufacturing 
plants in the State. The business was estab- 
lished in i86g under the company name of Hill, 
Morse & Knight, and probably the first to be 
started in Rhode Island. Mr. Morse, the pres- 
ent owner, w-ho purchased the plant and busi- 
ness in 1894, was born in Boston, Mass., April 
23, 1854, and for twenty-si.x years was in the 
same line of business with his father, Mark F. 
Morse, whose shop was located at 94 Dorrance 
street. Having learned the trade of a tin smith 
in his youth, and having followed the business 
ever since that time, he possesses a knowledge 
of the various lines that is unsurpassed by any 
manufacturer of tin goods in New l^ngland. 

American Spinning Co. — Manufacturers of 
woolen yarns for woolen mills. Formerly the 
Galvin "\'arn Co., which began business in 1895. 
Works located at 4 Addison Place. John E. 
Donley, proprietor. New factory erected 
about 1898, which has a floor space of some 
15,000 square feet. 

K. W. Whittemore. — Manufacturer of the 
" ('hanii)ion " blackboard material for school 
houses. Business established in 1881. Ken- 
dall W Whittemore, the proprietor, was born in 



Warehouse Point, Enfield, Conn., December 
29, 1833 J'e learned the trade of a brick 
layer, plasterer and ornamental stucco worker 
in the city of Worcester, which business he fol- 
lowed for some thirty-five years. In 1861 he went 
to work for the United States Government in 
the Armory at Springfield, his work there being 
the boring and straightening of gun barrels. 
After eleven months he engaged with the Colt's 
Armory in the same line of business, in the city 
of Hartford, Conn. Here he remained until the 
close of the war. Mr. Whittemore came to Provi- 
dence in 1880, and that year he invented the 
Potter & Fenner soapstone blackboard material, 
and in 1881 he invented the Champion black- 
board material, and began its manufacture. 
This blackboard material has been put into 
school houses in all parts of the United States, 
and it has proven more durable than slate, with 
ec|ually good surface, and much less liable to be 
scratched. Many of the school houses of Provi- 
dence are equipped with blackboards made from 
this "Champion " material. Works located at 
69 Sprague street, Providence. This material 
is put on to rough plastering, making a surface 
that will wear for years. This invention has 




Kendall W. Whittemore. 

proven one of the most valuable for use in edu- 
cational work that has been brought out in this 
country. 



i;o 



iiin(,kAi'iii(Ai, iiisrom' oi' 



ii: 



MAMlACTrkl'.RS 



WESTERLY, R. I. 

Prior to iSoo there was very little manufac- 
turing done in Rhode Island in the line of tex 
tiles, but the early settlers made use of the \'ari- 
ous water ])rivileges for grinding grist and for 
sawing logs from the then more adjacent for- 
ests. The first use that was made of the j'aw 
catuck River, so far as an\' record shows, with 
in the town of Westerlv. R I., was at a |)uint 
about one mile above I'ottcr Hill, where a dam 
had been built across the ri\er and I'eter (ran 



Jose[)h Knowles, where he carried on custom 
carding and cloth dressing. At what is now 
Stillmanvillc in 1772 a saw mill was constructed 
on the Connecticut end of the dam owned by 
Samuel Brand, Jr., a grist mill having been 
built prior to that time on the Rhode Island 
end of the same dam. The dam below I'awca- 
tuck l?ridge is known to have been in existence 
aliout 1750, and the mill on the Rhode Island 
side of the river was known as Brown's Mill. 
Here in 1809 Stephen Wilcox owned a grist 




Hartiur ;iiid Paweatuck River, Westerly, R. I. 



dall had erected a grist mill. This was some 
time prior to 1667' The settlers both near and 
far came to (randall's mill to have their corn 
ground, and he did a thriving business for those 
early tlays. Some years afterward this mill was 
removed to I'otter Hill, where as early as 1730 
a saw mill had been built on the west side of 
the river. At Shattuck's Weir Bridge, now 
Xiantic. a dam was budt ])rior to 1758, and a 
grist mill started. Some years afterwards, a 
small factory was erected on this site, by Col. 



mill, and he leased to William Stillnian certain 
water privileges for any other purpose than 
grinding grain. December 9, 18 13, he sold to 
ICnoch Bartlett and Samuel V. Denison of Bos- 
ton, and Jedediah W. Knight of Westerly, a 
tract of land with water privilege. These 
owners of the water privilege established in 
1814, the Pawcatuck Manufacturing Co., and 
built the stone mill where at first they made 
woolen goods, and afterwards manufactured 
cotton fabrics. The pro[>erty was sold after a 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RIIOUE ISLAND. 



f5' 



few years, and continued as a textile plant, but 
with little success. The property was finally 
sold to Stafford, Simmons & ]51odgett. This 
new firm purchased other privileges up the 
river, at Stillmanville and White Rock, and be- 
came incorporated under the name of the White 
Rock Manufacturing Co., now the property of 
H. B. & R. Knight. In August, 1827, they be- 
gan the construction of a canal from Stillman- 
ville to Westerly, which was completed in May, 
1828, at an expense of about $io.OOO A few 
years later other manufacturing industries were 
begun, which developed into large establish- 
ments and made the town quite noted as a tex- 
tile manufacturing centre. The Westerly 



the town is that which has been developed by 
its quarries, Westerly granite being considered 
the finest for many purposes that can be found 
in the world, and the fine productions in the 
line of sculpture have made the town famous. 

C. B. Cottrell & Sons Co Manufacturers of 

printmg presses, including rotary web printing 
presses for high class work, two revolution stop 
cylinder, lithograjih and drum cylinder presses. 
Business established in 1855. Incorporated in 
1892. Capitalized for $800,000. Employ about 
500 hands. Works located in Westerly, R. I., on 
the west bank of the I'awcatuck River. Busi- 
ness offices. No. 41 Park Row, New York, and 
No. 279 Dearborn street, Chicago, 111. There 




Dixon House Square and High Street, Westerly, R. I. 



Woolen Co. plant is now one of the most im- 
portant in the town, and the Crefeld Mills and 
.Sohvay Mills produce some of the finest fabrics 
that are made in the state, and the mills are 
well constructed for textile manufacturing. 
The other manufacturing plants within the 
limits of the town are the Westerly Silk Mill, 
the Campbell Mills Co. at Potter Hill, the Ash- 
away Woolen Co. at Ashaway, and the Bethel 
Mills Co. at Ashaway, the Wm. Clark Co.'s 
Thread Works, now the property of the Ameri- 
can Thread Co. combination, and the C. B. Cot- 
trell & Sons Co. plant where the famous Cot- 
trell jirinting presses are made. (Jutside of 
manufacturing, the most important industry of 



are a number of manufacturing [ilants in the 
State of Rhode Island that have given her 
the reputation of being the leading State in 
the L'nion for the production of certain lines of 
goods, like the Gorham Mfg. Co., Brown & 
Sharpe Mfg. Co., The American Screw Co., 
Nicholson File Co. and others, but none of them 
have given her quite so striking a reputation as 
this printing press concern in the town of West- 
erly, because there is scarcely a magazine or 
periodical of any kind issued in the United 
States, with a circulation of any great extent, 
that is not printeii upon one of their presses, 
and there are very few [irinters in this country 
who aim to do the finest of work, who are not 



15-' 



151()(,U.\I'1IIC.\L niSTom' ()!■ Till': manufac itjkkrs 



using the Cottrell rrintiiig Presses, which pro- 
duce the finest illustratccl work that is possible 
to be obtained by the art ot printing The old 




C. B. Cottrell. 

time drum cylinder that to-day is very important 
for the country ])rinter, met all of the require- 
ments when that [jress was considered ^luite 
sulTicient lor the demands of the time, when the 
letter-press of America contained very few illus- 
trations, and those very coarse, and color print- 
ing had scarcely been dreamed of. Since that 
period, however, the production of half-tone 
plates has matle the matter of illustrating very 
simple and inexpensive, and the tri-color process 
has given the common printer an opportunity to 
compete with the lithographer, in producing 
colors, a position that was considered entirely 
exclusive up to that time. These new inven- 
tions gave the printing press manufacturers an 
o])portunity to do business on a much larger 
scale than they had ever enjoyed before, for 
they meant a greater demand for ])rinteil mat- 
ter and consequently a greater demand for 
printing machinery, provided the machinery 
could meet the requirements of the new pro- 
cess. The Cottrell Company were the first to 
produce the finely adjusted half-tone printing 
press, thereby revolutionizing the method of 
printing in this country l''iist i)r()(lucing their 
two-revolution perfecting press, with their 
patent automatic shifting tymjian, which pre- 
vents "offset" or smirching, and later their 
magazine rotary web-perfecting machine, which 
handles the immense editions of the iiopular 
magazines and illustrated [lapers of the country, 
such as .Munsey's, .Scribner's, McClure's, Les- 
lie's, the Ladies' Home Journal, the \'outh's 
Companion, .Saturday Lvening Lost and many 
others, which are filled with halftone illustra- 
tions, all of which are printed with an elegance 



that twenty years ago would have been thought 
impossible even on one of the slow tlat-bed 
presses. These large rotary web [iresses print 
sixty tour pages of a magazine folded and de- 
livered in four si.xteen-page signatures, the tops, 
bottoms and sides of the signatures being cut 
on the machine, without sacrificing the margins. 
The bound book has all leaves open, preserving 
the appearance of an uncut magazine. These 
machines are also more or less in use in foreign 
countries. The plant where these machines 
are made is one of the best equipjied in the 
country, and the most skilled labor is em|iloyed 
in [jroducing the best printing machinery that 
is made in the world for high class work. 

C. H. Cottrell, the founder of the business, 
was born in Westerly, R. L, August 15, 1821, 
where he died in May, 1893. He early learned 
the trade of a machinist, and in 1855 began the 
manufacture of jsrinting [presses in a small way. 
His first productions gave evidence of care and 
])ainstaking in construction, the best of material 
being useti. Lvidently his motto was then, as 
it has been all through his business career, 
"The best of material and the finest of work- 
manship." Mr. Cottrell was one of the most 
inriuential men of Westerly, and his labors in 
behalf of the town has probably had more to do 
with its growth than those of any other person. 

Mr. Cottrell's four sons have taken an active 
part in the affairs of the company, aiding mate- 
rially in producing up-to-date improvements, and 
in advancing the interests of the concern. The 
death of the third son, Calvert B. Cottrell, in 
April, igoi, was a sad event for the town and a 
great blow to the company, as he had made his 
personality an ini[iortant factor in the business 




Calvert Byron Cottrell. 

of the concern. The officers of the com|)any are : 
Kdgar H. Cottrell, President; Charles L. Cot 
trell. Treasurer : .Arthur ^L Cottrell, Secretary. 



CO 
o 











=8 






o — . — 



c - 
S — 



AND liUSIXICSS MICX OK RHODK ISLAND. 



155 



The Solway Mills. — Manufacturers of fancy 
colored cotton goods, consisting of fine Madras 
shirtings and dress goods, such as zephyrs, tis- 
sues, wash siii<s. fancy organdies and embroid- 
ered lawns. These goods come into competi- 
tion with the finer grades of foreign fabrics, 
which have heretofore had a monopoly of the 
American niarket. Business established in 
igoi by Albert I.. Henry and Robert Dow, 



River, which supjilies the power for two tur- 
bines and two overshot Stillman water wheels. 
Albert \i. Henry was born in Lawrence, Mass., 
December 31, 1869. He learned the textile 
manufacturing business at the works of the 
Lorraine Mfg. Co., of I'awtucket, where he had 
been employed for eighteen years, and as Treas- 
urer MacColl's assistant during the last five 
years. Robert Dow was born in Ldinburgh, 




Mills located in Westerly, R. I 
was formerly known as the Stillman Mills, and 
was last occupied by Campbell, Renault & Co, 
in the manufacture of woolen goods, which con- 
cern moved to Woonsocket in 1899. Three 
hundred looms are now being operated, and 
about two hundred hands are employed, making 
a most enterprising manufacturing concern for 
the town of Westerly. The power for the plant 
is supplied by a 250 horse power steam engine, 
and there is a water privilege on the I'awcatuck 



The Solway Mills, Westerly, R. I. 

The property Scotland, I-"ebruary 8, 1864. He came to Amer- 
ica in 1893. He has had a long experience in 
designing all kinds of fancy goods, holding the 
Queen's Medal and the Owen Jones' Medal for 
textile design. He has been connected with R. 
A. Whytlaw & Sons, and Caldwell, Young & 
Co.. of Glasgow, and for seven years was head 
designer for the Lorraine Mfg. Co. of Pawtucket, 
R. I. This concern promises to be one of the 
most creditable manufacturing enterprises in 
the State. 



I if, 



lil( x.R.Al'llICAI. 1I1S1()R\- Ol' Till.; MANUI-ACTURIiRS 



Westerly Woolen Co. Mamifacturcrs of fancy 
cassimcrcs and worsted ij;()i)ds, the same kind of 
j;:oods that were made wlien ttie i)lant was first 
begun over titty years ago The first mill 
hiiilding of the i)Iant now owned by W. (). & 
I,^ W Arnold, was begun al)out the year 1.S4S 
by Habcock ^: Morse, upon the Rhode Island 
side of the Pawcatuck River, in Westerly, R I , 
and soon after O. M. Stillman built thebiick 
structure upon the Connecticut side of the 
stream, that ])ortion of the town being known, 
locally, as Stillman 
ville. Additions trom 
time to time have been 
made, the largest of 
which was built in 
iSfjj. In 1875 the 
])roperty was sold to 
the present owners, 
since which time a 
numlier of additions 
ha\-e been built, the 
entire plant, known 
under the name of the 
W'esterly Woolen Co., 
now being one of the 
most extensive in this 
part of the State, giv- 
ing employment to 
about 430 operatives. 
The goods manufac- 
tured by the Westerly 
Woolen Comi)any 
have won a good rep 
utation, and in times 
of prosperity the de- 
mand for these fabrics 
is very great. This is 
one of the best located and most jiicturesque 
manufacturing jilants in New ICngland. The 
mill buildings having been built at different 
times, they were not all designeil after one 
style, but were [lut uj) to meet the increase of 
business that the concern e.xperienced from 
year to year, apparently without any s[)ecial 
regard for architectural beauty or grandeur, but 
after the plant was finally massed under one 
management, it was found that the \aricty of 
buildings rather atlded to its attractiveness than 
otherwise. The lirick mill ujion the left (the 
Connecticut side of the ri\'er), is similar in torm 
to manv i\li(i(le Island factories, with a bell 



Wairen 



tower in front in the center of the building, and 
is very attractive. The buildings upon the 
Rhode Island side of the stream, although not 
as attractive, are so arranged as to give the 
entire establishment a \ery striking and busi- 
ness-like a[)i)earance. The water privilege is an 
e.xcellent one, the Pawcatuck being what may 
generally be termed a never-failing stream. 
There are several woolen manufacturine: con- 
cerns in this part of Rhode Island, all doing 
an e.xtensive business, manufacturing high- 
grade goods, which 
have aided in giving 
to the town of West- 
erly a wide reputation 
as a manufacturing 
town, ranking among 
the leading textile 
centres of the coun- 
try, but none of them 
ha\-e so extensive a 
plant as the Westerly 
Woolen Company. 

Warren (J. Arnold, 
whose business inter- 
ests have been identi- 
fied with the town of 
W'esterly for many 
)ears, was born in 
Coventry, R. I., June 
3, 1839. In i860 he 
became a merchant in 
the village of Maple- 
\ille, R, I., and after 
a four years exjieri- 
ence in this line, he 
began the manufac- 
0- Arnold. j^^g „f (.(,t;ton goods. 

Continuing in this business until i860, he then 
turneil his attention to the woolen manufacture, 
and he has been a manufacturer of woolen goods 
e\er since that time, and the senior member of 
the Westerly Woolen Company for over twenty 
\ears. Mr. Arnold was elected from the .Second 
District to rcjjresent Rhode Island in the 
.Xational I louse of Representatives, in the l-'if- 
tieth, l'"ifty First and Fifty-Fourth Congress, 
and his labors in behalf of the .State have won 
for him the commendation of its citizens. He 
has served on several important committees, 
the most important of which were the com 
mittees on Hanking and Currency, and Indian 




AND la^SINKSS MK\ OI-" RIIODl-. ISLAND 



157 



affairs of the I''ifty-l'"irst Congress, and Com- 
mittee on Appropriations of the l""ifty-I'"ourth 
Congress. Mr. Arnold's long experience as a 
manufacturer has placed him in a position where 
his opinion is widely sought for upon business 
matters by men launching out in manufacturing 
enterprises, and therefore he is eminently quali- 
fied to hold a position where his influence can 
be felt in the making of the laws of this country. 
Mr. Arnold's place of residence for a number of 



tablished in 1895 by Willis A. I-"enner. Works 
located at 212 Union street, I'rovidence. The 
only manufactory of the kind in the State. Do 

an extensive business in all juirts of the United 

States. 

The Smith Granite Co. Workers of granite. 
(Juarries in Westerly, K. I. business estab- 
lished in 1846 by Orlando Smith, who began to 
open the (|uarry upon the site of what is now 
the plant of the Smith (iranite Co., and which 








Plant of the Westerly Woolen Co., Westerly, R. I. 



years has been Chepachet. R.I. L. W. Arnold, 
his brother, is the other member of the firm, 
who resides in W'esterly. 

Crefeld Mills. — Manufacturers of fancy dress 
goods. Works located on the Connecticut side 
of the Pawcatuck river in Westerly, R. 1. 
Property of the Lorraine Mfg. Co., of Paw- 
tucket, K. \. ICmploy about 300 hands. The 
mill plant is modern in every respect, and the 
machinery is all of the latest manufacture. 

American Endoscopic Co Manufacturers of 

electrically lighted surgical instruments and at- 
tachments, and miniature lamps, lousiness es- 



has become famous for producing the finest 
granite to be found in America for fine statuary. 
At the beginning the granite was useil mostly 
for building purposes, but as the working of the 
quarry brought out such a fine grade of stone, 
headstones and monuments for cemeteries were 
turned out, and gradually the business in this 
line developed to large proportions, and by the 
reputation that this granite has made, the town 
of Westerly has won a reputation that has made 
it famous as the centre of this line of business 
in America. The concern was organized under 



I ;.s 



i;i( )(iR.\i'iiic.\i 



iiisiom oi' Till'. M.wri-Aci LKi:ks 



the name ut the Smith (Iranite Co. in 1S.S7, witli 
a LMpital nf <, 100,000, the son of the fouiuiei-, 
( >ilando K. Smith being I'resicient and (ieneral 
.Manager of the company, ami John I'. Randall, 
Secretary. The directors were ( ). K. .Smith, 
II. 11. S.' Calhcart, J. 1-:. Smith, j. 1'. Randall 
and W. .S. Martin. I'ntler the new org.uii/a 
tion the l.)usiiie.ss developed to a point where 



;iger of the business. The Hoard of Directors 
include the abo\e officers and .\lbert I-. Ches- 
ter, William Ilo.xsey, (ieorge S. (ireenman, 
]olin Champlin, Julia K. Smith and Orlando R. 
.Smith who is made X'ice-l'resident of the com 
|)any. The capitalization remains the same as 
before, SiocooD, and about the same number of 
hands are employed. Among the great ])roduc- 




One of the Quarrie.s o( the Smith Gianite Co., Westerly, R. I. 



about 300 workmen were em])lo\ed, and the_\' 
represented men of nearly all nations, man_\- ot 
which were (iermans, Italians, .Swedes, i'jiglish 
men and -Scotchmen, and they were all the best 
of wcukmen. The com[)aiiy was reorganized in 
1901, the olficers now being Henry II. (iallup, 
President, of .\c)rwich, Treasurer ot the .State ol 
Ccinnecticut ; Thomas I'. Nichols, Treasurer, (it 
Westerlv, Cashier ot the National I'hcnix Hank; 



tions in granite that this company has turneii 
out probably the most wordertul ])iece of wmk 
was the equestrian statue of Washington, made 
from a solid block of granite, and weighing 
twent\' tons. This is the only ei|uestrian 
st.atue e\er cut in granite. It was set upon a 
[ledestal twenty feet high in .Allegheny City, 
I'a, The ])rinci|>al business of the compaii}' is 
the building of mausoleums, which range in 



William S. .Martin, .Seci'etary and Ceneral .Man- price from ;5io,ooo to S'oo.ooo, 



AND HUSIN1':SS MEN OF KHODK ISLAND. 



159 



Westerly Silk Mill Co. — Tlnow.sters of all 
kinds of twisted silk thread. They take the 
raw silk, reel it off on to spools, put it through 




John W. Conant. 

the various processes, including the spinning of 
the thread, and this is sent out of this factory in 
the gum, all ready for the dye house, where the 
gum is boiled out and the colors set that are de- 
sired, after which it is finished and ready for the 
market. This factory simply prepares the 
thread for the dyers, and has a capacity for pro- 
ducing about 1000 pounds a week. Business 
established in Westerly in 1895 by John W. 
("onant, Eugene Atwood and E. E. Bradley. 
Business incorporated January i, 1896. Capi- 
talized for §15,000. Employ 65 hands. Officers : 
John W. Conant, President and Manager; Ed- 
ward E. Bradley, Treasurer ; Eugene I{. Brad- 
ley, Secretary. Mr. Conant, the General Man- 
ager of the company, was born in Hartford, 
Conn., August 30, 1854, but resided in W'illi- 
mantic, Conn., during his boyhood, where he 
learned the trade of a silk worker under his 
father, who was the Superintendent of the 
Holland Mfg. Co., of that place. After learning 
his trade he was employed by Belding, Paul & 
Co., of Montreal, Canada, as Superintendent, 
then by the Eureka Silk Co., of ICast Hampton, 
Conn., for a term of ten years. After this he 



went into the silk manufacturing business on 
his own account in Gurleyviile, Conn., where he 
remained for si.\ years, prior to entering into 
the present business. Mr. Conant is considered 
one of the best throwsters in the country. This 
is the only plant of its kind in Rhode Island, 
liugene Atwood is President and Manager of 
the Atwood, Morrison Co., of Stonington, and 
K. E. ]?radley is X'icePresident of that company, 
where all of the silk machinery used in the 
Westerly mill is made. 

William Clark Co, (The American Thread 
Co.) — Manufacturers of si.x cord cotton thread. 
The mill is located on the Connecticut side of 
the Pawcatuck river, and on the N. Y., N. H. 
and Hartford Railroad, which afford amjjle 
facilities for receiving their coal supply by 
barges direct to their dock on the river, and 
for shipping their goods by rail without the 
necessity of carting their productions to the 
freight yards of the town, there being a siding 
built expressly for this concern. The mills are 
built upon the slow-burning construction plan, 
and the whole plant is thoroughly equipped with 
automatic sprinklers, and in other ways has all 
the modern appliances for protection against 
fire. The machinery employed in the mills is 
of the most improved kind, and the result is, 
that the product of The William Clark Co. has 
made for itself an excellent reputation, both in 
the spool cotton and yarn trades. The main 
product of the mill is a six-cord sewing cotton, 
known as "The William Clark Co.'s Best Six 
Cord," and is sold from one end of the United 
States to the other. 

William Clark, who was formerly the Presi- 
dent of the company, began the manufacture of 
thread along about 1850, and to his energy is due 
many of the improvements that have made 
American spool cotton the best that is made in 
the world. A large force of workmen is em- 
ployed. An extensive steam plant furnishes 
power. This is one of the largest thread plants 
in the United States, and a valuable acciuisition 
to the town of Westerly. The ]iroport\' is now 
owned by The American Thread Co. combina- 
tion, of New York, T. M. Ives, Secretary and 
Treasurer. The plant is one of the most impos- 
ing of the town since the enlargemerit of the 
main factory a few months ago. making it one of 
largest of this section. 



i6o 



Bi()(;k.\riiicAi 



llSTi )]<\ ( II' 



I. M.WrFACTrkl'.KS 



R. A. Sherman. Mamifactmcr of dye tiilis, 
tanks, etc., for mill ])urposcs, also all kinds of 
lumber moldings and tinish for building [)ur 
poses. i\lso contractoi' and builder. Works 
located on Main street, in Westerly, R. I. I'.ni 
[)loys about 75 hands. Inisiness established in 
1870 by the [iresent owner, Mi'. Robert A. -Sher- 
man, who was borii in l''..\eter, R. I., January ^, 
1843. lie located in Westerly in iSi)3, where 
he learned the trade ol a carpenter of Hall \' 
Dickerson, and in 18711 he began business in a 
small way on his own account, grailually increas. 
ing until he now has de\elni')ed one of the largest 



such as |)Ianing and molding machines, band 
saws, lathes, etc. The ])ower for the plant is 
sui)i)lied by a steam engine of about 100 horse 
])ower. Helow the mill and office that are 
located in town, are store houses and lumber 
yaiils tarther down the river, near I.ong Island 
.Sound. .Also the yard formerly occu|)ied by 
Randolph, llentley & Co. The accompanying 
cut represents the [jlaning mill and a ]iart of the 
yards on Main street. 

National Button Co.— Manufacturers of shoe 
and clothing buttons, eyelets, etc. liusiness 
inc()r[)orated ( Jctober 18, 1900. Caiiitalized 




R. A. Sherman's Planing Mill, Pawcatuck River, Westerly. R. I. 



planing mills in the State, and his contracting 
anil lumber business has develojjed to large pro- 
portions. Ills lumber yard and mill being 
located on the I'awcatuck River, he is afforded 
the unusual facility of having his hmiber brought 
direct to his yards by water, thereby saving the 
e.\tra cost of cartage. Among the many build 
ings that Mr. .Sherm.ui has built in town are 
the Public Library building, National Xiantic 
l^ank buikling, William Clark Co.'s Thread 
mills, C. 15. C\)ttrcll & Sons' Machine sho]), and 
many ])rivate residences. 'I'he mill is eiiuijiped 
with all of the modern machinery retpiired in 
producing general builders' finish ol all kinds. 



tor ;Siou,ouo. The officers ol the com|iany are: 
II. Martin J^rown, I'resident; A. Curtis Ting- 
ley, Treasurer; Frederic A. Chase, Secretary. 
The works and office are located in the 
Hrown Building, 257 West l^xchange street, 
I'rox'idence. 

Donley & Co. - Manufacturers ot a general 
line of l.idies' gold [ilated jewelry, including 
stick pins, studs, ear-rings, etc. Business es- 
tablished in 1891. Works located in a new 
brick factory built by John I'".. Donley, 
the [)ro[)rietor, at 4 Aildison Place, Providence, 
in 1898, Their goods are sold in all parts of 
the Cnited States. 



AND HUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



i6i 



Brown Bros. Co. — Manufacturers ami manu- 
facturers' agents for all kinds of mill supplies. 
One of the largest in the United States. In- 
corporated in 1893. Officers: D. Russell Brown, 
President and Treasurer; Milton B. Brown, Sec- 
retary. Daniel Russell Brown, the thirty-ninth 
(jovernc^r of Rhode Island (1892-5), was born 
at Bolton, Tolland county, Conn., March 28, 
1848, son of Arba Harrison and Harriet M. 
Dart Brown. His youth was spent on his 
father's farm and his early education was ob- 
tained in the Bolton district schools. Subse- 
quently he prosecuted his studies at the academy 
at Manchester and still lateral Hartford. Hav- 
ing comjileted the course 
of study, he entered at 
once on a business career, 
beginning as a clerk in a 
hardware store at Rock- 
ville, Conn. Two years 
afterward he became head 
salesman in the leading 
hardware establisment at 
Hartfortl. In January, 1870, 
he took charge of the mill 
supply store owned by 
Cyrus White in Provi 
dence, R. I. Within three 
months he formed a part- 
nership with William But 
ler & Son, the style be- 
coming Butler, Brown & 
Co., and in 1877 the firm 
of Brown Bros. & Co., as 
it then became, was the 
largest establishment of 
the kind in the United 
States. In 1893 the com- 
pany was incorporated as the Brown Bros. 
Co. While giving close attention to his large 
and constantly increasing business interests he 
found time to take an active and intelligent part 
in political affairs. A staunch Republican, he 
became one of the foremost members of the 
]iarty in the city and State. In 1880 he was 
elected to the Common Council of the city of 
Providence, serving in that body four years. In 
1885 he was nominated by the Republicans as 
Mayor of Providence, but declined the honor. 
In 1888 he was one of the presidential electors 
of the State, and in 1892 was nominated and 
elected Governor of Rhode Island, receiving 




D. Russell Brown, Ex-Governor of Rhode Island. 



27,461 votes, and John W. Davis, Democrat, 
-5.433- The total vote was 54,679, the largest 
ever cast in the State. In 1893 he again was a 
candidate. David S. Baker, Jr., was the nomi- 
nee of the Democrats, and Henry B. Metcalf, of 
the Prohibitionists. The votes for the respec- 
tive candidates were 22,015, 21,830 and 3,265, 
and there being no choice by the people, the 
choice devolved ujwn the General y\ssembly, 
and (jovernor Brown held over on account of a 
disagreement between the two branches of the 
Assembly. In April, 1894, {Governor Brown 
polled 29,179 votes and David S. Baker, Jr.. 
Democrat, 22,924, the former's plurality being 
6,255. It was largely due 
to Governor Brown's ad- 
vocacy that the amend- 
ment to the constitution 
providing for elections by 
plurality was adopted. He 
also favored biennial elec- 
tions and exercised a 
potent influence in secur- 
ing the [passage of the free 
te.\t book law, measures 
for the improvement of 
highways, the anti-pool 
selling law, the medical 
practitioners' law, the laws 
regulating the business of 
surety companies and 
building and loan associa- 
tions, the factory inspec- 
tors' law, and the revision 
i>t the statutes. During 
his three years' adminis- 
tration Governor Brown 
was especially interested 
in the State militia, and to his wisdom and good 
judgment was in a great measure due the high 
standard in discipline and efficiency it then at- 
tained. He was New l'".ngland's candidate for 
the Vice-Presidency before the Republican 
National convention in 1896. 

F. A. Leonard & Co. - Manufacturers of 
electroplated brooches and sterling silver sus- 
pender mountings. Business e.stablished in 
1892 as the J. M. Chandler Co., and was pur- 
chased by P'rederick A. Leonard in 1899, who 
died in April, 1901. The business is now carried 
on under the management of I-'rank P. Stanley, 
trustee. Works located at 157 Orange street, 
Providence. Employ 40 hands. 



(H) 



102 



l!lOi,k.\I'llI(,Al 



iisT()R\' (»!■ rill'; MANii acturi;rs 



National Ring Traveler Co. — iMaiuifacturers 
ol rill}; travelers and mill .specialties, including 
filling forks, siuiiniiig tranie saddles, belt hooks, 
etc. lousiness incorjjoratcd in iSij^. Ol'licers: 
loseph E Jenckes, rresident ; .\. Curtis Ting- 
lev, Treasurer and (leneral Manager. ( )l1ice 
and works locateil in the new Hrown j^uilding at 
J51 to 265 West I'^Nchange street. I'nAulence. 
The new huiliiing which was recently cnniijleted 
and occupied by the company, isoneot tliemost 
substantial manufacturing buildings in the .State, 
it being built with the idea of providing great 
strength for the accommodation ot heavy 
machinery, and ,it the 
same time providing 
ample light tor every 
part of the building. 
It has a frontage on 
West Exchange street 
of 130 feet, si.x stories 
high, with a dcjith ot 
64 feet, and an ell 
40x42 feet, extending 
from the centie of the 
rear end of the main 
building, which gives a 
depth of 104 feet for 
the centre of the main 
structure. On the rear 
or railroad side of tin- 
building there are seven 
stories. There are four 
one-stoi)' buildings 
erected near the main 
building with dimen 
sions as iollows: 33 x JS 
feet, 33 X 52 feet, 3SX41) 
feet and 33 x 50 feel. 
\\ itli these four build- 
ings addeti to the main structure it is one ot the 
largest manufacturing plants in the city of 
Providence. The building, which was built ]iy 
Col, II. Martin Hrown, has been leased by the 
National l\ing Traveler Co. for a term of years. 
.Since the iiiventi<in ol the ring traveler in 
iS2<S, it mav be said to have passed through a 
kind ot process of evolution, each improvement 
making a desirable elfcct upon the ipiality ot 
textiles, until now the acme of jierfection may 
well he said to have been reached in the tra\'- 
clers made by this company, which aie cut and 
bent on automatic machines, the various sizes 



and styles requiring the use of more than fifty 
different kinds, as a machine that will produce 
one style of traveler is not adapted for another. 
These machines all have their own comijlete set 
of tools and are always kept in perfect order for 
immediate use. \'ery great improvements have 
been made by the comi)any during the past few 
years in the method of tempering, which insure 
greater uniformity, and corresponding improve- 
ments have also been accomplished in other 
jiarts of the work, which, being divided into 
classes, each workman has only a certain class 
to perform and an established grade of sizes to 

make. In this way he 
" ' becomes an expert in 

the production of those 
sizes and styles that 
fall to his department. 
.As these travelers, 
through the hardening 
process, are converted 
into steel of a watch 
spring temper, and in 
e\ery other way made 
perfect in finish and 
form, only the most ex- 
perienced of wt)rkmen 
.ire employed. 

The business of this 
company, which has 
l)een developed under 
the management of Mr. 
Tingley, is one of the 
most important ot our 
.St.ite, their goods be- 
ing considered of the 
highest g r a tl e , and 
reaching an extensive 
foreisn as well as 




A. Cuitis Tinsley. 



a bro.iil market throughout the Cnited States. 
Linden Worsted Mills. — Manufacturers of 
fancy worsteds for men's wear. lUisiness estab- 
lished in iSyij. I'art of the present factory was 
built in 1S14. Walter F. Slade, Agent, l-'ac- 
tory located in Che])achet, R. I. h".m]iIoy about 
50 hands. Power furnished by the Chepachet 
River. .A steam engine supplies the ])ower in 
times of low water. .A large factory in the 
rear of the jiresent establishment was de- 
stroyed by fire in 1898, which gave employment 
to some 300 hantis when the plant was in 
operation. 




'in, 

EKHann 



j ' T»"T»TiITST«rB 




Brown Building, Front View, National Ring Traveler Co., West Exchange Street, Providence. 




Brown Building, Rear View, National Ring Traveler Co., West Exchange Street, Piovidence. 



104 



HUX.KAl'llKAl. IIISTOKN' (>l- Till'. MAX 11 ACTr RI.RS 



Norcross Brothers. Cimtractois ami buiUlcis, 
and niamifacturcrs of l)iiilcliii<; materials in 
stone at their steam stone wt)rks at the corner 
of Kinsley anti Sims a\enues, Providence, which 
are the largest of any works ot their kind in 
New l-".ngland. The ])lant was l:)unt in 1.S95 
[irincipally to prejiare the marble for the State 
House on Smith's Ilill, which is now nearing 
completion, but now are used in preparing the 
stone material for other l)uildings that the firm 
are constructing, including the I'nion Trust 
building at the corner of Westminster and Dor- 
rance streets, the loftiest business block in the 
city, twelve stories high, and one of the most 
attractive, as will be seen by the cut upon the 
opposite page, which marks the latest style of 



the mill by a steam capstan, this same [)ower 
serving to place the marble or granite blocks 
under the gang saws, and removing them after 
they have been sawed into the desired shape. 
There are four ordinary gang saws, and two 
extra large ones, besides four rip saws, all ar- 
ranged in a row at the east side of the mill. 
The fact that as many as forty-five tons of mar- 
ble have been worked under one of these saws 
at one time, gives some idea of their capacity. 
While the saws are working a stream of water, 
mingled with sand and chilled iron, is kept flow- 
ing upon the marble, which aids very materially 
in the work. In the centre of the mill are six 
power double stone planers, which to the ordin- 
ary observer are the most interesting of all the 
e(iui])ment of machinery of this immense plant. 
These [ilaners are capable of handling twelve 
tons at a time, and they will plane a straight 



— t— 

f 




\ 



^E^^^^ 




Norcross Brothers' Steam Stone Works, Corner Kinsley and Suns Avenues, Providence. 



architecture in the city of l'rn\idence at the 
opening of the twentieth century, which was 
designed by -Stone, Carpenter & Willson, our 
local architects. This building will be devoted 
wholly to offices for business and professional 
men. 

The stone works cover an area ot several 
acres, and the\' are equipped with all of the 
modern machinery necessary for handling all 
kinds of stone, and for prejiaring them in all of 
the varied forms that are required for building- 
purposes. They are located near the tracks of 
the .\. \'., N. II. ..K: II. R. H. fomi)any. In the 
stock yard there is an endless rope crane of 
twenty tons ca[)acity, which is so arranged as to 
enable the operator to convey the heavy ami 
bulky stone to any [lart of the yartl. and to ])lace 
it on to cars that are drawn the entire length of 



surface, or, by jnitting on a circular attachment, 
the machine will plane a curve of almost any 
variation from a true circle. At the northern 
end of the mill there are three stone lathes, the 
largest of which will turn a shaft twenty-two 
feet in length. Near these is a large heading 
machine, which in reality is a stone [ilaner, but 
this planer moves along the surface of the 
statit)nary stone, while the other [ilaners are 
stationary, and the stone moves along as fast as 
it is planed. This heading machine planes and 
cuts molding on heads of stone shafts, and also 
planes straight surfaces. At the southern end 
of the mill are three large rubbing beds, where 
the smooth surfaces are matle on all facing 
stone, and ne.xt to these is a dental saw, which 
is used for making ornamental work on stone. 
-A twelve ton electric crane extends along the 
entire length of the west side of the mill, which 
handles all of the heavy columns and blocks of 
stone ver\' rapidl\', and in all parts of the mill 








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UNION TRUST CO. BUILDING, PROVIDENCE. 

The Tallest Commercial Building in the City, and the Latest Style of Architecture 

the First Year of the 20th Century, 1901. 



Sl(.nic. Carpenter ^ W'iUmui. .\rilnleci^. 



.Nuri:ro>s lirothers, r>iiildcri>. 



1 66 



BIO(iKAI"llI("AL mSTORN' OF THK MANUI-ACTUKKRS 



are small hand Iravclinj^ Liaiies which enable 
the workmen to convey any piece of stone to 
any jiart of the mill, the railway tracks which 
extend throu:;hout the plant in various direc- 
tions, aidint; very much in this line of work. 
\'ery little old-fashioned chiseling by hand is 
done in this establishmetit. All of the men are 
provided with ]ineumatic tools, which do the 
work much more rapidly and better than by the 
old method. In the blacksmith shop are emery 
wheels, a power hammer, forges, and all the 
cipiipments necessary for this department, 
where all of the tools for planing the moldings, 
etc., are shaped and kept in re])air. Power for 
the plant is supplied by two lOO horse |)0wer 
1 licks boilers, and one joo horse jjower steam 
engine. They employ upwards of 250 workmen 
and the majority of them are the most skilled 
stone cutters that can be found in any part of 
the globe. Norcross Brothers h;i\e built many 
large edifices in this .State, but the Capitol 
Building is of course their crowning effort, and 
it will stand as a monument to their ability as 
builders as striking as any structure that they 
have erected. ( ). \V. Norcross, of Worcester, 
Mass., where their main office is located, has 
been the head of the firm through all of its 
many years of prosjierity. Their Providence 
office is located in the Industrial Trust Build- 
ing. Among the buildings erected in Rhode 
Island besides the I'nion 'I'rust Building and 
the State House, are the l?anigan Building, In 
dustrial Trust Building, R. I. Hospital Trust, 
Lauderdale, Francis, ami Alice Buildings, Provi- 
dence Telephone Co. ]5uilding, of Providence. 
In l^oston they built the South Terminal Sta- 
tion, F.xchange Building, Colonial Theatre 
Building, Tremont Building, Ames Buildingand 
Trinity Church. In Worcester, the Worcester 
City Hall, and .State Mutual Life Insurance Co. 
Building. The Bank of Montreal, Montreal, 
Canada; \ale Memorial Dining Hall and Audi- 
torium, New Haven, Conn.: I''.(|uitable Building, 
Baltimore. Md.; Marshall iMeld Building, Chi- 
cago, 111.; .Allegheney ("ourt House and [ail, 
Pittsburg, Pa.; Corcoran Art (iallery, W.ishing- 
ton, I). C.; New \'ork City Library, and the 
Library of Columbia Universit\'. 

Woonsocket Wagon Mfg. Co. Manidacturers 
of wagons and carriages ot all kinds, including 
heavy work in the line of barges, express 
wagons, tip-carts, farm wagotis, tlrays, etc. Busi- 
ness established originally in rSjo by Henry 
Marsh, the propeity h.aving been iindci- the 
management of several c<im[);inies sinci' th;it 
time. In 1900 .Mr. ]■'. L. .Southwick pnrclKised 
the proj^erty. ;ind March i, n)ni. the business 
was incor|ioiated under the presetit n.ime, with 
a capitalization of SiO,()()o. .Some thirt\' hands 
are employed, and the plant is one of the largest 
in the .State, ec,|ui|)ped with ;dl of the iiKidcin 
machinery necessary for the manulacture of 



wagons of e\ery description, and for doing re 
I)airing. Works located on W'orrall street, 
Woonsocket, R. I. Power sujiplied by a 40 




blwin E Southwuk 

horse power, high speed Lrie engine, ami 43 
horse power electric [)lant. The company have 
a complete blacksmith shop which is carried on 
in connection with their carriage business. They 
also have a large shoeing shop on the opposite 
side of the street. ( )fficers of the company 
are: Flwin F.. Southwick, President: Fred 
Cleveland, Treasurer and Secretary. Mr. South- 
wick, President and Ceneral Manager of the 
business, was born in IJxbridge, Mass., .\pril 
10, 1S65. He learned the business of carri.ige 
making of his father, Mr. George .Southwick. 
who carried on the carriage manufacturing bus- 
iness in Uxbridge which was established by 
his father, and was a continuation of the 
same line of business established in North 
Smithfield. R. I . fully a century ago, by ICber 
Southwick. who was the great-grandfather of 
Flwin K. .Southwick. who began manufacturing 
on his own account in his native place under the 
firm name of F. F .Southwick & Co., his father 
being the p.iitncr. In kSqj he transferred the 
business to Woonsocket, locating on .South 
M;iin street, where he remained until 1900 when 
the piesent plant was [uirchased and he removed 
to the new wdiks, where an extensive business 
is being built up. The manufacture of wagons 
and carriages ha\ing been handed ilowii through 
several generations, ,Mr. .Southwick has the :id- 
vantage of a superior knowledge of the l.uisiness. 
which is proving of great l)enefit t" the cor- 
poiiition. 



AND 15USINKSS MEN OF RHODK ISLAND. 



167 



Graham & Williams. — Manufacturers of 
rolled gold buttons, rings, etc.. and a general 
line of electro-plated jewelry. Works located at 




Thomas H. Graham. 

220 Eddy street. Providence. Business estab- 
lished by Graham Bros, in 1896. In 1899 
Daniel C. Williams became a member of the 
firm, and the name was changed to Graham & 
Williams. Mr. Williams is a native of Paw- 
tucket, R. I., where he was born Nov. 21, 1855. 
He is a practical jewelery manufacturer and 
gives his personal attention to the business. 
Thomas H. Graham was born in Providence, 
August 2, 1S67. Me learned the jewelry trade 
in this city along about 1S80, and after working 
in the employ of several jewelry manufacturing 
concerns he entered into the jewelry manufac- 
turing business on his own account with his 
brother in 1896. The present company employ 
about 60 hands. Their goods are sold through- 
out the United States and some in foreign 
countries. 

Wm. H. Place Manufacturing Co. — Manufac- 
turers of saponified wool oils, slaiidess loom and 
sjiindle oils, colorine, alizarine, mortiant, cream 
tarter, half refined and silver tartar, etc., and re- 
finers and pressers of lard, neatsfoot and tallow- 
oils, and do wool scouring. Business estab- 
lished in 1 86 1 by Charles T. Place, who was 
succeeded by his brother, William H. Place, in 



1S77. Incorporated in 1896, when the present 
title of the company was adopted. Works 
located at 668 I^ddy street, Providence. Build- 
ing erected in i88g. William II. Place is a 
native of Pascoag, R. I. 

American Multiple Fabric Co. — Manufacturers 

(if iiiultiiilc woven goods for mechanical pur- 
poses, including dryer felts, calico printers' 
blankets, drawing and preparing aprons for 
worsted, webbing, etc. Also Baker's tubular 
fabric, hydraulic and fire hose, and evaporating 
horse blankets. Works located at 183 Hartford 
avenue. Providence. Business incorporated in 
1873. Capitalized for ^200,000. (Officers: 
Charles Fletcher, President; William A. Wil- 
kinson, Treasurer; A. A. Wilkinson, Agent. 

Edgar L. Logee & Co. — Manufacturers of so- 
ciety and other emblems. Business established 
by ICdgar L. Lyon in 1876, who is a native of 
New Bedford, Mass., where he was born July 
16, 1850. Works located at 235 luldy street, 
Providence, l-'mploy 30 hands. 

Williams & Anderson. — Manufacturers of em- 
blems, badges, etc. Business established in 
1901. Works located at 46 Clifford street. 
Providence. 

John W. Lyon. — Manufacturer of the Lyon 
dental vulcani^'er and general brass finisher. 




Daniel C WilUam.s. 

Business established in 1S79. Works located at 
46 Clifford street. Providence. Also does water 
service work. 



i6S 



I?I()(".KAI'11ICA1 



llSroKV Ol'- Till', MANUI'AC irkl'.KS 



Centreville Cotton Mill. Koboit 1'.. I'lcat, 
proprietor, ("eiitreville, Warwick, R.I. In 1S05 
tlie tiriii of Alniy & Urovvn of I'awtucket, 
K. I , hoii^lit of Job (ireene ol Warwick, laiul 
on both sides of the Mat ri\er, in the western 
part of Warwick, and in KS07 conveyed nineteen 
forty-eij;hths of the same to John Allen of 
Smithtield, R. I., James Cireene, John (ireene 
anil (lideon (Jreene, Jr., of Warwick. The prop- 
erty included a !;Tist-niill, on the west side, that 
had been operated by Job ( "ireene, and was but 
a short distance below the Warwick Spinning 
Mill, erected on the West -Side in 1794 upon 
land also [lurchased of 
Job Cireene, ami oper- 
ated by William I'otter 
ol Providence and the 
projectors of the pres- 
ent enterprise. The 
latter now organized 
themselves as the War- 
w'ick Mfg. Co., in which 
the lirm of Almy iK; 
Urown (William Almy 
and ( )hadiah Hrown) 
held an interest of 
twenty -nine, John Allen 
si.\, James Greene si.\, 
John (ireene four, and 
(iideon (ireene, Jr., 
three forty - eighths. 
They immediately built 
on the east side a 
wooden mill, 54 .\ 30 feet 
three stories and attii , 
which, from its color, 
became known as the 
" green mill." At lirst 
its ]iroduct of yarn was sold, but before the war 
ot iSiJ it was being given out to families to be 
wo\en into sheetings, bed-tickings, checks and 
l)laids. The juice paid ])er yard for w'eaving 
dress plaids ranged from eight to seventeen 
cents, and the goods when sold at wholesale 
brought from thirty three to tifty-live cents; 
cotton stripes from thirty three tn forty cents; 
bed ticking from seventy to se\eiitvli\e cents. 
Just iiefoicthe war of iSijthe company con- 
verted the grist mill, on the west side, into a 
cotton factory and in 1.S15 the total number ol 
s])indles in o])eration by them was J. 700. In 
the spinning mill, just above, there were jSu 




Robert B Treat 



s|)intlles. Operations were more or less sus 
pended dining the dejiression that immediately 
followed the war, but were resumed in 1816, 
power looms being introduced about that time. 
In 1S21 it was decided to unite the Warwick 
Mfg. ('(). and the Warwick .Spinning Mill, the 
same proportions of the stock of each company 
being at that time held by the same persons. 
The new organization retained the name of the 
Warwick Mfg. Co., in which Almy & lirown 
held an interest of five eighths, and James and 
John (ireene and John .\llen, one-eighth each. 
John Greene became the agent and about this 

time the machinery of 
the mill built in 1794 
was removed and power 
looms substituted. The 
"green mill" was then 
devoted e.xclusively to 
carding and spinning. 
In i>S2J William Almy 
bought the interest of 
his partner, Obadiah 
lirown ; the interest of 
lames Greene went to 
his heirs upon his death 

/'^^^^^^^H 1825. The mills eas- 

^^^^^H ily weathered the panic 
of 1829 anil their sue 
cess was unusual while 
they were under the 
controlling ownership of 
William Almy and the 
management of John 
(ireene. In 1835 .Almy 
sold out to John (ireene 
and Daniel Howland, 
1 1 7 shares to the former 
and 03 to the latter. The same year Howland 
sold out to (ireene, who thus became the owner 
of three-fourths of the stock which at that time 
comjirised in all j88 shares. John Allen died in 
1845 and his one-eighth interest, or 30 shares, 
was beipieathed as follows: to his wife, 12 
shares, to his children, 14 shares, and to various 
religious societies, the remaining loshares. ( )f 
these shares John (ireene in 1846-7 ])urchased 
eighteen which made 234 shares or thirteen si.\ 
teenths held b)- him. '1 his interest descended 
to his heirs at his death in 1851. -Soon after 
William Almy sold his interest, a portion of the 
laclorv which had been conxerted from a grist 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



169 



mill was leased to Brown & Altlrich tor the 
manufacture of a coarse mixed cotton and 
woolen fabric called negro cloth. In 1846 
Christopher Allen and James Waterhouse 
began, in the same place, the manufacture of 
cassimercs. In 1S50 their machinery was pur- 
chased by William D. Davis of I'rovidence, a 
woolen manufacturer, who operated the mill 
with Waterhouse as partner. In 185 1-2 Davis 
purchased of the heirs of the original proprietors 



owner of the property and so continued until 
the date of his death, June 21, 1894, when, by 
the terms of his will, his entire estate was 
placed under the control and management of 
Mr. John H. Allen as Trustee, for the term of 
five years. 

Mr. Lapham bequeated one-third of his prop- 
erty to his daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth L. Treat, 
and the remainder to his only grandson, Robert 
Byron Treat, who, upon the expiration of the 




Centreville Cotton Mill, Centreville, Warwick, R. I. 

the entire estate of the Warwick Mfg. Co., and trusteeship, purchased his mother's interest in 

immediately sold the "green mill" to lienedict the manufacturing business, excepting her one- 

Lapham of Burrillville, R. I., who began operat- third interest in the real estate and machinery, 

ing it in 1852. In 1861 he made a large addi- which he leased of her for a term of years, 

tion to the mill and in 1871 erected a new mill, The business, as outlined above, is now owned 

of stone, T,o^x/2 feet, four stories and base- and managed by Mr. Treat in his name as an in- 

ment. The additions to the old mill were in- dividual, the projierty never having been incor- 

corporated in the new plant, and the original porated since the days of the Warwick Mfg. C o. 

portion was removed a short distance from its in 1807. 

former site and converted into a store house. The mill property is modern, well equipped 

Upon the death of Mr. Benedict Lapham, June and shows evidence of the special care and at- 

16, 1883, his brother Enos. became the sole tention given it by its owner, and the mill vil- 



170 ]5I( )(.K.\rill('.\I. HISTORY Ol- Till-; MANUFACrUKKKS 

lage is attractive and well laid out lor conitort iS8(), he was employed durin<j the suninier, for 
and convenience. The villaf^e streets are lined a ninnber of seasons, in the different de[X'irt- 
on either side with grand old elm trees, most of nients of the mill, and the practical knowledge 
which were set out about 1790 by Mr. Job he acc|uired iluring that time has been of great 
(ireene, making the village one of tlie most at- ser\'ice to him in the management of the busi- 
tractive in the State. Mr. Treat claims that ness whicli has since come to him, and is now 
this mill occuiiies the site of the second mill in under his control and sole management, 
this country where cloth was wo\'en from yarn Mr. Treat, since his )'outh, has been promi- 
sinin on the premises. The plant contains inently identified with religious and educational 
ii.c^oo spindles, 700 wide looms, and employs work, being one of the trustees of the Centre- 
about 350 hands. It has a combined 725 horse ville M. I-;. Church, an<l for about ten years 
power by water from two upright turbine prior to 1900, he was superintendent of its Sun- 
wheels and two horizontal wheels; also 000 day school. I le is ]iresident of the corporation of 
liorse power from a (Ireene single condensing ICast (ireenwich Academy, one of the oldest in- 
engine. The annual consLnni)tion of cotton is stitutions of learning in the State, and is a meni- 
al>out 3,000 bales and the annual production of ber of the boaril of trustees of his school dis- 
cloth about 9,rjoo,ooo yards. trict, which position he has occupied, some- 

In justice to the memory of the founder ot times alone and sometimes w'ith associates, al- 

tlie business, Mr. Henetlict I.apham, and to the most continuously since his twenty-first year, 
memory of his successor, Mr. I'jios I.apham, it In politics Mr. Treat is a Republican and was 

IS proper to state that while the manufacturing one of the presidential electors chosen to elect 

industries of the I'awtuxet \'alley will, almost the afterwards martyred President McKinley to 

without e.\ce|ition, show a record of failure his second term of office. Mr. Treat is a niem- 

at some time in their history, yet the record of ber of the committee on town debt of the town 

the affairs of the Centreville Cotton Mill shows of Warwick and a member of the school com 

continual prosperity from the date of its pur- mittee. He is also a director of the Centreville 

chase by Mr. Henedict I.apham in 1852 down to National Hank and of the Centreville Savings 

the present time, covering a [period of over Bank, 
forty-nine years. He was marrietl June 1, 1892, to Mar\-(iay- 

Robert 15. Treat, son of l-'ranklin and Eliza- lord, eldest daughter of Francis S. and Sarah J. 

beth (I.apham) Treat, is a native of Centre. Turner, of ( )aklawn, R. I. Of this union were 

ville, K. I., where he was born F"ebruary 11, born Roliert, May 28, 1893, and Ha/el, August 

1868. He early attended Mrs. X'aughan's private 30, 1894, 

school at Centreville, and later the public Thomas Townsend.— Manufacturer of wool 

schools, where he remained until 1879, when he and cotton combs, used in cotton and woolen 

entered the Friends School ol i'rovidence. Ill mills. lUisine.ss established in Philadelphia, 

health [irevented him from i)nrsuing his studies i'., . i„ ,885; removed to Manchester, Conn,, 

and, after remaining two years, he left the where alter three years the business was 

school in the hope of recuiierating. In Sep- located in Providence in 1S94. Works at 157 

tember, 1882, he entered Mowry S: Goff's Orange street. luiiploys about 15 hands, 

school, of Pro\idence, from the jjiglish and Thomas Townsend is a native of Bradford, 

scientific departments of which he graduated \-oikshirc, l-'.ngland. He came to America in 

with honors in June, i88(>. The following Sep- iS77and located in Providence, where he worked 

tember he entered the mill office of his grand- f„r William Miller in the same line of business 

father, .Mr. luios I.apham. as otfice boy, where. uiitil he began manufacturing m Philadel|)hia 

by faithfid and persistent application to his ,.n his own account in 1885 uniler the firm name 

duties, he was advanced to a responsible posi ,,t Il,,(,d& Townsend. He afterwards bought 
lion which he occui)ie(l several years j.revious out his partners interest and carried it on alone, 

to the death of .Mr. I.apham, which ociiirred in M,-. Townsend served seven years appren- 

1894, Mr. Treat at that time being twenty-six iiceshi|nn F.ngland to learn the trade of a comb 

years of age. .Mter he was fourteen years ol niaker, and his thorough knowledge of the busi- 

age, and uji to the time he entered the office, in ness enables him to turn out the finest of work. 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



171 



Weeks Bros. Co. — Manufacturers of fine 
chocolates, bon bons and a general line of con- 
fectionery. The only manufactory in the State 



O 




Fred A. Weeks, 
where candies are made on a commercial scale. 
Works located at 167, 169, 171 and 173 Rich- 
mond street, Providence, lousiness established 
in 1867 by Weeks Bros. Incorporated in March, 

1899, under the name of the Weeks 

liros. Co. Capitalized for 510,000. l-^m- 
l)loy about 70 hands. Officers: E. Frank 
Packard, President: Orrin B. Weeks, 
X'ice-President and Secretary; William 
i;. Beach, Treasurer. 

I'"red A. Weeks, who is the princijial 
stockholder in the corporation, was 
born in (iuilford, N. H., May 2g. 1848 
In company with his brother, Arthur B 
Weeks, he began the manufacture of 
candies in the city of Providence in 1867 
in a small way, under the firm name of 
V\'eeks Bros., and their goods gave such 
excellent satisfaction, their business 
gradually increased until thc\- felt the 
necessity of a much larger factory, and 
in i88g b\ A. Weeks purchased of the 
city of Providence the old school buikP 
ing on Richmond street, and there in 
stalled his plant, and in 1897 an e.xten 
sive addition was built of brick five 



stories in height, which gave the concern an 
additional floor space of 90,000 square feet, mak- 
ing the plant one of the largest and best candy 
manufacturing establishments in Southern New 
luigland. The accompanying cut gives a good 
idea of the new five story structure, together 
with the original school house building which 
was formerly the property of the city. In 1888 
Mr. Weeks bought his brother Arthur's in- 
terest, and until the incorporation of the con- 
cern in 1899, he carried it on alone, building uj) 
an extensive business in all parts of the United 
States, although his principal trade was in 
Rhode Island, Connecticut and Massachusetts. 
The house has won a reputation for using in the 
manufacture of their goods the finest of pure 
materials, fruit flavors and colors. While Mr. 
Weeks has turned over the management of the 
business to the young men who are filling the 
offices of the corporation, he still lends a careful 
oversight and is really the directing spirit of the 
company, although the burden of the work he is 
glad to lay aside after so many years of active 
service in the business which he has built up to 
such extensive proportions. The power for the 
works is supplied by an 80 horse power Almy 
water tube boiler, and an 80 horse power steam 
engine. The plant is equipped with all of the 
modern machinery required in the manufacture 
of all kinds of confectionery. 





^ '' iM LJitti^ 





Week.s Bros. Co. Factory, Richmond Street, Providence, R. I. 



i;^ 



HK )( 



AI'IIKAl. IIIS1()R\- ()|- Tllh: M.Wn-'ACTrRI'.RS 



Hamlet Textile Co. Manul;utiircr.s of cottdii 
goods, silks and book cloths. Mill was liist 
built about i8jS. Ikisiiiess incorporated in 
igoo. Cajiitali/ed for $500,000. l""actory located 
at llanilet, W'oonsocket, K L l{mi)loy V"' 
hands. (XTicers: Charles l{. Thomas, President 
and Treasurer; (leorge A. ("arr. Secretary. Mr. 
Thomas was born in .Sniithlield, \\. I.. I )eccni 
her 17, 1850, but moved to W'oonsocket when 
but four years of age, where he attended the 
public schools, and coni])leted his education in 
the l'"riends school of i'rovidcnce. i\fter leav- 
ing school he went to work in the mill owned 
and ojicrated 1)V the 
Clinton Mfg. Co., and 
known as the Clinton 
Mill, his father being 
the agent of the com 
pany. He worketl for 
about two years in 
every department of 
the mill, becoming 
thoroughly acquaint- 
ed with every detail of 
the cotton manufac 
turing business, and 
then he entered the 
office and kejit the 
mill books tor a num 
ber of years, after 
which he was ap 
pointed superintend- 
ent of the mill. In 
I-'ebruary, 18S7, he 
was elected superin 
tendent of the ( ilobe 
Mill, where he re 
mained in that capa- 
city until l'"ebruary, 1S95. That year he organ- 
ized a company and purchased the mill property 
of the Forestdale Mfg. Co., of Korestdale, R. I., 
and was elected its treasurer and general mana- 
ger. The business has been \'ery successful. 
In K/JO the Hamlet Textile Co. was formed and 
incorporated, and purchased the Hamlet Mills 
and Pycott Mfg. Co."s business, whiih was car- 
ried on in these mills, and Mr. Thomas was 
elected ])resident and treasurer. The mills 
have been enlargetl and the business increased, 
and the [nospect fot the future is very Hatter 
ing. The mill villages and l.ictory ]jro|)erty of 
both the I lamlet and h'oresldale are models of 




Charles E. Thomas. 



neatness, the dwellings for the ojierativcs being 
well j)ainted and ke[)t in excellent repair, and 
e\erything about the mill property is kept in 
the \ery best condition. Three turbines utilize 
about 400 horse power from the Hlackstone 
river at the Hamlet, and a Corliss engine of 300 
horse power furnishes the remainder of the 
|)ower lor the plant. The water [irivilegeat the 
Hamlet was purchased by Stephen H.Smith, 
acting as the agent of (ieneral lulward Carring- 
tt)n, in 1825 and 1826, which at that time was 
composed of three estates, and owned by Seth 
A]iplebv, Smith Arnold and Joseph Wilkinson. 

Upon these estates 
the village and mill 
are located, and the 
original mill was 
[irobably built in 1827 
or 1828, as this was 
the period when there 
was a general scram- 
ble for mill privileges, 
and cotton mills were 
being erected all 
along the l^lackstone 
river from Worcester 
to Pawtucket. Mr- 
Carrington was prob- 
ably the sole owner 
of the entire property, 
but Mr. Smith re- 
mained at the head of 
the concern until 
1842. The t;dl elm 
trees that line both 
sides of the village 
street, which make it 
one of the most pic- 
turesque villages in the .State, were jirobably 
set out by Mr. Smith under General Carring- 
ton's direction. Kdvvard Carrington died in 
1843. (ieorge S. W'ardwell, who was one of the 
most ]niblic s|)irited men of the town, followed 
Mi. ."-^niith as manager of the mill and estate, in 
which c.ipacit\- he continued until March, 1859. 
.\l this time the property came into the posses- 
sion of Isaac M. Hull, who was a nephew of 
(ieneral iuhvard Carrington. Hetirst began as 
a tierk in his uncle's store in Pro\-idence, and 
in 1827, while in his cmjiloy he went to China, 
where he remained until 1S47. The business 
under the management of Mr. Hull was very 



AND BUSINESS MEN OI' KHOD]-; ISLAND. 



173 



successful. In 1885 the mill piroperty was pur- 
chased by Tarbell & Harris, and in 1889 Frank 
Harris became the sole owner by purchasing 
Mr. Tarbell's interest. Mr. Harris sold his in- 
terest to the Hamlet Textile Co. in 1900. 

Forestdale Mfg. Co.— Manufacturers of sheet- 
ings, shirtings, twills, etc. Business estab- 
lished in i860. Incorporated in 1870. Capital- 
ized for $300,000. Factory located at Forest- 
dale, North Smithfield, R. I. Employ 200 
hands. Officers : E. Charles I'"rances. Presi- 
dent ; Charles E. Thomas, Treasurer; Alphonso 
F. White, Secretary. It has a model manufac- 
turing village with neat, well-kept yards and 



City Iron Foundry. — Makers of iron castings 
of all kinds, and equipped to do general machin- 
ery manufacturing. Husiness established in 
1891 as the F. A. Thomas Machine Co. Works 
located in Woonsocket, R. I. Flmploy about 
30 hands. Charles E. Thomas, Treasurer ; 
Henry Pruyn, (ieneral Manager. Power sup- 
plied by a 40 horse power C'orliss engine, and a 
small vertical engine of 12 horse power. 

American Shoe Lace Co. — Manufacturers of 
tubular shoe laces. Husiness established in 
1901 by Herbert C. Clemence and William H. 
Hall. Works located at 502 Kinsley avenue. 
Providence. Employ 16 hands. Herbert C. 




Hamlet Textile Co. Plant, 

houses, and, as its name indicates, an abundance 
of beautiful trees. The main mill is of stone 
175 x 70 feet, with an ell of 70 x 50 feet, and with 
its lofty and handsome tower, which can be 
seen down the valley for miles, is a picturesque 
object. In this tower are the large tanks for 
supplying water for the mill and automatic 
sprinklers. The mill is run most of the year by 
water power supplied by the Branch river, and 
has one of the best granite cut stone dams in 
the State. Three turbine water wheels utilize 
about 450 horse power, and two Corliss engines 
and one Westinghouse engine furnish about 450 
horse power, the latter engine used to supply 
power for their electric lighting plant. 



Hamlet, Woonsocket, R. I. 

Clemence is a native of Johnston, were he was 
born in September, 1859, and he is the General 
Manager of the business. He was employed 
for eighteen years by H. E. Smith & Co. in the 
cotton yarn business, three years by Joslin & 
Smith in the shoe lace business, and two years 
by the Joslin Mfg. Co. in the same line of busi- 
ness. His long experience in the manufacture 
of yarns and shoe strings qualifies him as a 
manager of the business, being fully equipped 
with a knowledge of all of the machinery re- 
quired in their plant, which includes braiders, 
tipjjing machines, etc. William H. Hall is also 
a native of Johnston, R. 1., and has been in the 
bird business on Westminster street, Providence, 
for over ten years, and is a man of good execu- 
tive ability. 



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AND KUSINKSS MEN (3F RllODK LSI. AN H. 



175 



Frank Wood Manufacturing Co. — Manufac- 
turers of fancy tapes for trimming children's 
clothing, night robes, vvra|)pers, etc., all colors 




Manning Wood. 

in cotton and silk, lousiness established in 
1898 by Manning and Frank Wood. In igoo 
William Hinchliffe became a member of the 




firm. Works located in Valley Falls, R. I. 
I^mploy 15 hands. Manning Wood, the senior 
member of the firm, was born in the town of 
15urrillville, R. I., April 5, 1834. lie was a suc- 
cessful merchant in the village of I'ascoag for 
about thirty years, and he is at present the 
manager of the William II. Sheldon estate, 
where wooden boxes and building materials are 
manufactured, the plant being one of the largest 
in the State. Upon the establishment of the 
l^rank Wood Mfg. Co., Mr. Wood became a 
member of the firm, his son being the prime 
mover in the enterjirise. I'Vank Wood, the 
General Manager of the business, is a native of 




Frank Wood. 



William Hinchliffe. 

Burrillville, R. I., where he was born May 4, 
1865. After completing his education in the 
public schools of his native town, he went to 
work in the carding room of A. I.. Sayles' fac- 
tory of Pascoag, and later he took a course in 
the Philadelphia Textile school where he re- 
ceived the kind of education that has fitted him 
for the line of work that he has since followed. 
He was employed for about one year by the 
National and Providence Worsted Mills, in the 
capacity of assistant tlesigner. After leaving 
this place he was employed as assistant designer 
in the Farwell Worsted Mills of Central F'alls, 
where he remained one vear, and then engaged 
with the Hope Webbing Co. of Pawtucket, as 



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their designer, where he remained three years. 
lie left this concern to estalilish the husiness ot 
the l-'rank Wood Manut'acturing Co. in \alley 
balls, beginning with ten looms, and to meet 
the steady increase ot business others have 
been added until at present their plant consists 
of sixteen broad looms and one narrow loom. 
The indications are that this will be one ol the 
most important manufacturing concerns of the 
State of Rhode Island, because they manufac- 
ture a sjiecial line of goods, and their ])roduc- 
tions are of the finest quality. William Ilin 



F. B. Wilkins & Co. — Manufacturers of loom 
harness and reeds, and dealers in manufacturers" 
su])i)lies. lousiness was established in 1894. 
The works are located at 16 South Main street, 
Woonsocket, R. I. Fred H. Wilkins was born 
in Milford, X. 11., January 16, 1S61. lie 
learned the trade of a harness and reed maker 
in Clinton, Mass., where he served about four 
years l)efore locating in Woonsocket, where he 
began to work in the establishment that he is 
now part owner of, which was some sixteen 
years ago. Mr. Wilkins is the (ieneral Mana 




F. B. Wilkins & Co. Factory, Woon.socket, R. I. 



chlitfe, who became a member of the lirm'january 
I, 1900, was born in Charlton, Mass., November 
12, 1S63. He has followed the woolen business 
for a number of years, lie began in the wool 
room ol the Slater Woolen Cd. nt Webster, 
Mass., where he serveil ten years, and then w-as 
em[)loyed by the Sayles & jenks Mfg. Co. in 
their factory at Warren, Mass., where he had 
charge of their wool room for about five years, 
after which he became a member nt the h'rank 
Wood Mfg. Co., where he is act ively engaged in 
the factory at X'alley I'"alls, which is one of the 
most progressive concerns of the town. 



ger of the business. William J. Milan, the 
other member of the firm, was born in New 
Bedford, Mass., in 1848. He came to Woon- 
socket thirty-five years ago and has been em- 
|)loyed in this establishment from that time to 
the present. The business was purchased by 
Mr. Wilkinson and Mr. Milan in 1894, antl their 
thoiough knowledge of the reed and harness 
manufacture has placed their productions 
among the first in the mills throughout the 
country where the)- have won a good repu- 
tation. Their works are situated near Woon 
socket Kails in the midst of the textile concerns. 



ANU Hrsi\i-;ss micx oi' riiodk island. 



177 



Benjamin Wilbur. —Manufacturer of bobbins 
and spools. Works located in .South Scituate, 
R. I. Business established in 1818 by .Samuel 




Benjamin Wilbur. 
Wilbur, who carried on the manufacture of bob- 
bins and spools in the orit;inal factory, which 
was built by him the year of the establishment 
of the business, until 1853. He was then suc- 
ceeded by his son, Benjamin Wilbur, who is a 
native of South Scituate, where he was born 
April 7, 1S35. He continued the business in 



the same factory until 1865, wlien he moved 
the old building and used it as an engine house, 
erecting in its place a new and much larger fac- 
tory, where he continued the manufacture of 
bobbins and spools on a somewhat larger scale. 
This building was destroyed by fire October 3, 
1876, together with the machinery, tools and 
stock. Mr. Wilbur at once began the rebuild- 
ing of a structure located across the street from 
the old factory, formerly the property of Robert 
Knight, which provided a factory suitable for 
the employment of about twenty men. Here 
he continued business until 1883, when these 
works were destroyed by fire, together with alt 
of the machinery, etc., as before. The factory 
as shown by the cut upon this page was imme- 
diately built by Mr. Wilbur, and is the one now 
occupied, beuig a substantial wooden building, 
and superior in every way to either of the olil 
factories. This new factory was equipped with 
all of the modern machinery recjuired in the 
manufacture of bobbins and spools, and the 
power for this plant is sujjplied by a turbine 
water wheel of 56-horse ])ower and a steam en- 
gine of about Go-horse power. Mr. Wilbur is 
one of the most infiuential men of the town. 
He was a member of the Town Council from 
1870 to 1875, was assessor of ta.xes for several 
years, and has held other minor offices. He 
was elected a Representative to the General 
yXssembly in 1876 from the town of Scituate, 
and was re-elected in April, igoo. He united 
with the Baptist church in 1858, and was or- 
dained deacon in 1859. He is sujierintendent 
of the Sabbath school and has always been an 
active church worker. 



E I h t t If f^i I 



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(12) 



Benjamin Wilbur's Bobbin Works, South Scituate, R. I. 



1 7^ 



KXiKAl'llK'Al lilSTORV ()!• Till-: M ANL'I'AC Tf R I'.KS 



Crompton Company. Manufacturers of jirint 
cloths, corduroys and cotton \clvets. Mills 
located in ('roninton, town of Warwick, K I. 





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F. E. Richmond. 

The business was establislied in 1S07, as the 
Providence Manufacturing; Company, by Seth 
Wheaton, Thomas Sessions, |ohn K. I'itman, 




lienry Smith, Nathaniel Searlc, Jonathan Tiff- 
an)' and Hcnjamin Remington. They purchased 
tweiit)' acres of land at Crompton of William 
i\ice who also may have been a stockholder in 
the coni]iany. The [irice paid was S1050, which 
included the water privilege on the I'awtu.xet 
river. The capital stock was divided into thirty 
two shares. Col. Seth Wheaton was the gen 
eral manager of the business, which was that of 
spinning cotton yarns. The original stone mill 
was built in Croni])ton in 1807, ^nd it was locally 
called the "Stone jug," the vdlage being known 
as "Stone Factory." This mill, now designated 
by the present company as the No. i mill, has 




Howard Richmond. 



G. Richmond Parsons, 
been very much enlarged. It is believed to be 
the si.xth cotton mill and the first stone mill 
erected in the State, and the company is cer- 
tainly the oldest textile manufacturing concern 
in Rhode Island, with one e.xceiJtion. which has 
done a continuous business fi'om its organiza- 
tion to the [iresent time. In 1808 additional 
land w;is ])urchased of William Rice and Thomas 
Matteson. May 16, 181O, the company matle 
an assignment, and the property came into the 
possession of John K. I'itman in January, 1819, 
who carried on the business until his ileath in 
i.Sjo. This mill projjcrty was then leased for a 
term of three \-ears, from No\ember 29, 1S20, 
by the executors of the estate, Mrs. Mary Dor- 



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Hiock.Ai'iiKAi. iiisr()k\' oi- 'rill', manti-actirmrs 



rancc and Asa I.arncil, to Mr Rhodes of Raw 
tiixct. I-;iisha 1'. Smith and Tiilly Doirancc, ot 
Rro\-idcni.'c. I-'ebruary jn, iS_'> Scth W'hcaton 
and l'".duard ( 'anini;ton boui^ht the propert)-, 
ami in Maieh ot the same year they enteietl 
into a co])ai tnershi]) with Hetijamm l'o//ens. 
This new firm changed the name ot the concern 
to the Crompton Comjianx', and the village soon 
after adopted the name of Crompton. The 
name was gi\'en in honor ot the celebrated 

machinist. Sir Samuel ('rom])ton. 

the in\entor of the sjiinning ]enny. 
This change was made in iSj^. In 
the same \'ear the new comjiany 
started a bleachery under the 
management of h.dward I'ike of 
Sterling, Conn. 'I'he No. j mill 
was erected ni iSjiS, the No. 3 in 
]S]2. and the No. 4 mill in iS.Si 
Since then extensive enlargements 
and atlditions have been binlt from 
time to time, and at jiresent there 
is a new building in course of con 
struction. Within a few years 
after 1823 the firm began calico 
printing, which de])artnient is said 
to have been very profitable dur- 
ing the years 1844 and 1.S45. Mis- 
fortune followed the ]irosperous 
times of 1843 and in 1846 the whole 
]iroperty had to be sold, and the 
purchasers were dov. Charles 
Jackson, l^arl I'. IMason, Daniel 
liush and \\ illiani T. Dorrance, of 
Providence. In 1S50 the business 
wa.s incorporated at $200,000. The 
present capitalization is $400,000. 
The print works were leased to 
Abbott & Sanders in 1852, and 
later to James Sanders, who car- 
ried on the business for a number of years, after 
which the print works buildings were taken 
down, and new buiklings erected in their place. 
George M. Richmond of Providence, a success- 
ful calico printer, obtainetl the controlling inter- 
est in the ])roi)crty in 1866, and it has since re 
niained in his family. The i)roduct of the mills 
untd 1885 was cotton goods in the form of 
printing cloths, but in that year a new enterprise 
was commenced. This was the niaiuifacture of 
velveteens and cortluroys. After a careful 
study of the inducements and the methods of 



Mill Towti ill 
Cuiiip, 



manufacture emplo\ed in luigland and Euro])C, 
four looms were started producing about four 
]iieces a week. The industry was unusual 
and difficult <in account of its being new 
to the I'liited States. At that lime all of the 
veK'eteens and corduroys found in this country 
were manufactured abroad and the methods of 
manufacture were slrictl)' guarded. The 
Crom])ton Com|)any established this business 
in the I'nited .States, being the ]noneers, and 
tor several \ears were the only 
manufacturers. This jirodiict has 
grailually increased until now it is 
about 600 pieces a week. All of 
the processes are carried on in this 
establishment from the raw cotton 
to the finished goods, a condition 
rarely found in ICngland. 

The fustians are sold under the 
trade tickets of "Crompton Cordu- 
roy" and "Century X'elveteen" and 
their quality is attested by the fact 
that at the Pan-American Exposi- 
tion at Buffalo in 1901, this com- 
jKUiy received the higliest award, a 
gold medal, for superiority of its 
- rf^^™ corduroys and velveteens, and also 
i ' T^ ** ^i''''^'' medal for the most attrac- 
tive e-\hibit. The latter was the 
only silver medal awarded for in- 
stallation to textile manufacturers 
in the State of Rhode Island. 

Some ]ilain cotton goods are 
still manufactured but as the fus- 
tians have increased these have be- 
come of secondary importance. 
The company employs 750 hands. 
The Pawtuxet river supplies 800 
horse power through six turliine 
water wheels, and eight boilers de- 
\elop MOO horse [lower. There are 40,000 
spindles and 1,000 looms, and the dyeing and 
finishing works ha\-e a cajiacity of 1,000 pieces 
a week. The mills are substantial stone struc- 
tures equipped with modern machinery. 'l"he 
dyeing and finishing works are of the latest 
design. 

The \illage of Crcim]>ton is one of the very at- 
tractive manufacturing villages in the State. 
The main street is lined with elm trees of more 
than half a century's growth, and the dwellings 
are neat and well careil for. 'I'he village is 




AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



181 



twelve miles from the city of rrovidence, and 
can be reached by two lines of steam cars and 
by the electric trolley; a very different condition 
from the early days when the only communica- 
tion was by roads, and all the products of the 
mill had to be teamed to Providence. 

The officers of the company since the organi- 
zation in 1850, are: 

Presidents — Earl P. Mason, Sept. 16, 1850 to 
Oct. 2, 1876; F. E. Richmond, Oct. 2, 1876 now 
in office. 

Treasurers — William T. Dorrance, Sept. 16, 



bleaching and dyeing machinery, ageing bo.xes, 
shafting, pulleys, gearing, hydraulic i^resses, 
tenter drying machines, cloth cutting machines, 
warp dyeing and drying machines, silk lace and 
cotton finishing machinery. The company are 
sole manufacturers of the Nagle Power Feed 
Pump. Business established in 1830 by (ieorge 
B. Holmes, Dr. John McKie, and Benjamin, 
Charles and Paris Dyer. The first building was 
erected at the corner of luldy and I'^lm streets in 
1830, and later other buildings were added from 
time to time, until the ])resent extensive plant 



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Elm Street Machine Shop of the 

1850 to Jan. 2, 1866; Sanford Durfee, Jan. 2, 
1866 to July I, 1875: ¥. E. Richmond, July i, 
1875 to Jan. 26, 1876; Howard Richmond, Jan. 
26, 1876 now in office. 

Secretaries — W'illiam T. Dorrance, Sept. 6, 
1850 to Jan. 2, 1866; Sanford Durfee, Jan. 2, 
1866 to July I, 1875 ; Howard Richmond, July i, 
1875 to Jan. 27, 1892; G. Richmond Parsons, 
Jan. 27, 1892 now in office. 

Phenix Iron Foundry — Manufacturers of brass 
castings, rolls, etc., copper singe plate rolls, cal- 
enders, starch mangles, calender rolls of paper, 
cotton and husk-chilled picker balls, dye kettles, 
expansion pulleys, wool washing machine rolls. 



Phenix Iron Foundry, Providence. 

was completed. The machine shop is located 
on Elm, corner of Butler street, Providence, 
known as the Eddy Street Machine Sho]), the 
foundry being on luidy street, in 1886 Charles 
R. Earle became the President and Treasurer 
of the corporation, still holding that position, 
since which time many im])()rtant inventions 
have been brought out at the works. Many 
heavy iron castings are made at the foun- 
dry for the various engine manufacturers 
of the city. This is one of the best 
equipped foundries and machine shops in 
the State, covering an area of about 100,000 
square feet. 



I.S2 



KXiKAl'lIU'AI. 1I1S1(»K\' OI' Till-; MAN I' l'A( TT R IlkS 



Lymansville Company. Manutaclurers of which was c()m])lctc(l in KSS5, the ends being 

worsted yarns, worsted coatin;j;s and suitings, finished in wood. As the business increased 

Business established in 1884, and incorporated these wooden ends wore removed and additions 

the same year, under a capitaii/ation of 5500,000. built on from time to time, until to-day the plant 

()riicers; A. Albert Sack, I'resiiient and Treas- is one of the larsrest in the State, as shown bv 



urer. Herman Ambach, Agent ; l?enjaniin llalli- 
well. Secretary. I'actory located in Lymans- 
ville, K. I. 

Mr. A. Albert Sack, the president of tlie cor- 
poration, to whose enteijirise anil skill as a 
manufacturer is due the i)iesent extensive busi- 



the cut on opjiosite i)age, which gives a good 
idea of the extent of the mills as seen from the 
front, although in the rear there are several 
wings that do not appear in the [jrint, that 
amount to nearly as much in floor s])ace as the 
part that is shown in the illustration. The ends 



ness, was born in llansfelde, (lermany, August of the main buildings are still built of wood 
lb, 1843. After com])leting his education and so as to provide for further enlargements should 



the increase of business 
demand it. In 1885 the 
f] rst year's out [) u t 
amounted to 170,000 
pounds of yarn and 
I 50,000 yards of cloth. 
In 1901. after fifteen 
years of grow'th, the 
production of the mills 
have reached 1,200,000 
pounds of yarn and 
1 ,000,000 yards of cloth ■ 
In 1888 the comjiany 
opened salesrooms in 
New \'ork and seven 
other large cities for 
selling their goods di- 
lect to the trade. All 
office work, shipiiing, 
charging ami collecting 
of accounts is tione at 
the mill olfice in 1 .y- 
mansville, jiossibly the 
onl)'mill doing so in the 
counti}-. The mills give 

.Mass., ami still later in the Hates Mills of Lew- ein|>loymcnt to 600 operatives. I'dwer for the 
iston, Mc. Alter leaving this company he was works is sup|)lied from the W'oonasiiuatuckel 
with the commission house of I.eland, Allen \- ii\-er lo the amount of about 1 20 horse |)owei' 
Hates, ot Hoston, where he had the super\'ision of thrnngh two Perfection turbines, and liy a liar 
all the woolen mills operated liy this company- 



gaining a thorough 
knowledge of all of tlie 
details of the woolen 
manufacturing business 
in his nati\e country, 
he came to America in 
1807. lie was first em- 
ployed by Ktlward Har- 
ris, the veteran woolen 
manufacturer oi Woon- 
socket, who was at the 
head of the Harris 
Woolen ("omiiany, and 
whose products became 
known as the only 
woolen fabrics that 
could ap[)roach in qual 
ity the same class of 
goods made in foreign 
countries. With this 
com[)an)' he ser\ed as a 
designer, and later em- 
ployed in a similar cajia- 
city in the I-". verett 
.Mills ol I .awrence, 




A. Albeit Sack. 



He liecame superintendent ol the < )wen is: 
( lark worsted mill of I'roxidence in 187:;, and in 
1879 he |)urchaseil the business ot Mr. Uwen 
ami incorj)orated the same as the (iciie\a Wor- 
sted Mill. He sold his interest in this concern 
after having managed the business successfully 
until 1884. In that year he organized the 
Lymansville t.'ompany; the mills were built of 
l)rick under his personal su|)ervision, the first of 



I is t'oiiis comiiound condensing engine ot (lOO- 
horse ]K)wer. Two tlynamos of 250 uoo-candle 
power arc lamps give anij^le light for the various 
tIepartniciUs, Mr. Sack is prominent in a num- 
ber ol the leading societies of the city of l'ro\ i 
deuce, where he resides, but he has ne\'er l)e- 
cutiie interesteil enough in [lolilics to allow his 
name to be jiresented as a nominee tor olTice ot 
anv kind. His strict attention to niamifactur- 
ing has enabled him to build u|) an industry 
within the State that is second to none, and 
which is a credit to Rhode Island. 



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lUoCkAl'IIICAI. I1ISI()K\ OF Till-. M A M 1- .\( 1 I k l-,kS 



John Heathcote & Son. — .Maiiufaflurers of capable of stretchiiii;' and drviii!;- any kind of 

lunteiin;; anil drying; machines, for stretching' woolen or worsted goods, shawls, blankets, felts, 

and drying all kinds of woolen or worsted goods, etc. The chain is made of heavy malleable iron 

shawls, felts, etc. Husiness established in i S70 with brass plates for the tenter pins (the pins 

by J oil n Heathcote, who was born near .Man- being close together) and the chain guides of 

Chester, luigiand, .Xpril 3l>, 1833. When about hea\y wrought iron. The advantage of this 

9 years of age he came to I'rovitlence and this machine, besides taking up considerably less 

has been his home ever since. After acquiring lloor space than other style machines of the 

a good common school education, he began to same ca])acitv, is the small amount of power 

learn the machinist trade in the I-'ranklin l''oun compared with other dryers, as the chain going 

dry and Machine (o.s works, being at that u[) on one side and coming down on the other, 

time se\'enteen )ears of age. After completing acts as a counterbalance. The machine is pro- 

\ided with sprocket 
wheels both top and 



his ai)])renticeship he 
soon alter was em 
ployetl by Corliss i\: 
Nightingale, where he 
remained two years. 
I ie then w ent to woi k 
for W. ('. I lelme, who 
was a manufacturer 
ol jewelers' tools, etc 
lie later was em 
ployed by J^rown iv 
.Shar|ie, when their 
works were located 
on South Main street, 
atid had in their em 
I'loy only se\-en 
hands. After again 
working for the 
l-"ranklin J-"oundry 
and Machine Co. as 
foreman, he began 
manufacturing in 
comjiany with another 
gentleman, and in 
1.S70 he began busi- 
ness on his own ac- 
count, manufacturing drying and tenterin 




John Heathcote 



l>oltom and to o\'er- 
come any unevenness 
by wear of the chain 
as well as to prevent 
any une\enness, there 
is an automatic take- 
up which always 
keeps the chain taut 
and on its bearing. 
The steam iiiping be- 
ing placed below and 
awa)' from the goods 
(which is a decided 
advantage) and with 
the improved circula 
linn, the goods com 
ing from the machine 
have the same soft 
feeling and finish as 
goods that are dried 
out of doors. This 
machine is adjustable 
to different widths of 
goods by means of 
heav)- screws, right and left thread, and can be 



machines of all si/es and widths, the patents adjusted either by hand or power. They ar- 

for which had been ])urchascd by Mr. Heath- range for these machines to be set all on one 

cote in iS/O, the original machine being the floor it necessar)-. These machines are es- 

W'insor k)r}'er, patented in i.SOi. .Since that |)ecially adapted for carbonizing. They are 

time important im[)rovements ha\e been made, built in various sizes, widths and heights. This 

and two new [latterns of maihines tor heavier machine is paneled and is t urnished with a tan. 

work ha\e been added, including a horizontal In operation the wet cloth jiasses over the roll 

|),ittern machine and special felt drying machin- at the front of the machine: passing up and 

er\'. The most im|)ortant machine now built across the top the cloth turns and goe> down 

bv the concern is the new im[)roved upright into the machine and then up again and so on 

tentering and drying machine of a heavy pat- according to the number of folds, and passes 

tern. This machine is built e.xtra he.ivN' and out dr\' o\-er the delivery roll in tnmt and then 

strong and being heavily braced throughout is up to the folder. The operator staniling on the 



AND BUSINESS MEN OV RHODE ISLAND. 



i8s 



platform in front has (.omplcte control of the they are set. W'e herewith print a cut of their 
machine as well as of the tenter wings, con- heavy pattern upright machine. These drying 
trolled by a hand wheel, and coarse right and and tentering machines have been sold in all 




Tentering and Drying Machine, Built by John Heathcote & Son. 

left screw shaft which gradually stretch the parts of the country Mr. Heathcote is con- 
goods to the width desired. These tenter wings nected with a large number of societies in the 
are adjustable and will positively stay wherever State, bemg a past commander of St. John'sCom- 



1 86 



ni()(.kAi'iiic.Ai, iiisroin' oi- riii; mam i\c irki.Rs 




inamlery of I'rovKioiuc. a charter member, and a Earl A. Potter. Maiiutarturer of all kinds ol 

I'asl Master of Adel]ihai I.otlge .A. I-'. M: A. M, (if hont and shoe laees. Business established 
rr(i\'idenee. niemlKM" nf the X'eteran Masonic As- April i, i.SgS, at J'/ Cromwell street. Provitleiice. 

I he present works in Pocasset, Cranston, R. !., 
were occu|)ied J une i , Kjcxj. Post ol'fice address, 
Auburn, K. 1. P'.arl A. Potter, who is the 
^reat >^randson of Col. Israel Angell, of .Smith 
field, who was active in the Revolutionary War, 
was born in .South .Scituale, R. I., .May 22, iiS59. 
He learned the bobbin and spool business of his 
father, luios .A. Potter, in his native town, be- 
gnininfj at the au^e of seventeen, and remaineti 
with him for twenty-one years, lie <^ave up 
this trade and learned the manufacture of shoe 
laces, and after gaining a thorough knowledge 
ot the business he began manufacturing on his 
own account, meeting with marked success. 
He began with 1800 spindles in iSy8, and has 
gradually increased until now he has some 9,000 
sjiindles in operation at his factors in Pocasset, 
and the works are running night and day to 
meet the demands of the trade throughout the 
countrv. The Pocasset river supplies about 40 
horse power through an Angell turbine, but 
this not being sufficient for both day and night 
Earl A. Poller. work, Mr. Potter has recently put in a 45 horse 

sociation, Veteran Firemen's Association, the power boiler and a 40 horse power Nagle en- 
Central (/lub, the Pomham Club, of which he has gine, which, combined with the water power, 
been a member since its organization, and has affords all that is required at present for run- 
been president of that body for the past fiveyears, ning his plant, which includes an electric light- 
.md others, (ieorge 1 1. I leathcote was born in ing outfit. 1 lis son, Wallace C. Potter, is super 
Providence, in January. iSfj^. lie has been 
.issociated with his fatherin the 
business for .1 number of years, 
and July i, Kjoi, he became a 
partner, occujiying the position 
ot general manage!', which jiosi- 
tion he has really held for se\-- 
eral years. 

This company also manuf.ic 
tuic niast aims which arc in use 
throughout the citv of Pi(i\'i- 
dence tor extending o\'er the 
streets tor supporting electrii- 
lamps, which have herctotorc 
been manutacturcd under the 
name ot the Russell h'.lei-tric 
Mtg. Co., now an adjunct to 
their other business. Mr, John 
Heathcote has been for some 



intendent of the works and has been with his 




Earl A. Potter's Factory, Pocas.set, Cranston, R. I. 

time the trcas- t.ithci' since the business was established. Ileis 
)ducts are a native of .South .Scitu.itc, where he was born 



urer of that com[)any, and their products are a native o 

\'ery im|)ortant. januar\ Jy, 1 S80. 



AND I5USINESS MEN OF RHOUi: ISLAND. 



US; 



Gilbert F. Whipple.— Manufacturer of woolen 
yarns for knit goods and cassimeres. Husiness 
established in 1893 for the manufacture of 
yarns, hut the original business of manufactur- 
ing cassimeres was begun in 1879. l-'actory 
located at Whipple, R. I., formerly I'lainville. 
After leaving Mowry & (loff s school in Provi- 
dence, he learned the textile business in his 
father's mill at Simmonsville, now Thornton, R. 
1., where he was employed for some time, and 
then went to Massachusetts, where he worked 
in a woolen mill, and in 1879 began business on 
his own account in the factory shown upon this 
page. The mill has a floor space of about 



White & Co. then leased the mill and carried 
on the business until 1879. C.ilbert 1'". Whipple, 
son of Charles H. \Vhii)|)le, then operated it for 
one year, when a copartnership was formed 
under the name of Whipple & Walling, doing 
business until the fall of 1887. Howard 
Maguire & Co. then conducted it for a short 
time, when W. V. Ksten & Co. leased the mill 
in 1888 and operated it until 1893, since which 
time Gilbert V. Whipple has had full control of 
the mill. 

Hope Worsted Mills. — Manufacturers of fancy 
worsteds for men's wear. Business established 
September i, 1901. Works located in Gilbert F. 
Whipple's Mill at Whipple, near the village of 
Oakland, R. I. I'" rank Fiske, the treasurer and 




^11 EiMll II 

X] li II 




Whipple's Mill, Whipple, Burrillville, R. I. 



50,000 square feet, and is supplied with power 
from the Clear River through one turbine of 
100 horse power. A Heald & Morris engine of 
too horse i)0wer is used in case of low water, 
but the river seldom fails to supply sul'ficient 
power. Some 30 hands are employed, (lilbert 
!■". Whipple is a native of l^urrillville, where he 
was born April 12, 1855, The mill was built 
about 1847 by David Mathewson, and was first 
operated by D. C. Remington and James Colby 
in the manufacture of cotton goods, and after- 
wards Lindsey Jordan began the manufacture 
of satinets. In 1856 Charles II. Whipple pur- 
chased the mill property from David Mathew- 
son, and began the manufacture of fancy cassi- 
meres, which he carried on until 1873. F. R. 



manager of the firm, was born in (iloucester, R. 
I., September 30, 1850. He has been connected 
with the woolen and worsted mills of Pascoag 
in one capacity or another for the past 20 
years. He was for about eleven years- the 
bookkeeper and general manager of the Shef- 
field Mills, and when these mills were pur- 
chased by the American Woolen Co., he be- 
came their agent, serving in that capacity for 
one year. He left this company January i. 
1901, and in September established the present 
business in company with Arthur Ames, a 
native of England, who is the superintendent 
of the works. Mr. Ames was employed in the 
mills of Pascoag for a number of years prior to 
beginning business on his own account as a 
partner in the Hope Worsted Mills. I-lmploy 
about 50 hands. 



ISS 



i;|n(,k.\l'lIIC \l. llISI(tK\- ()|- rill-; .MAMlWCriURI-lRS 



American Electrical Works. .Maiuilai,tiirers 
ot bare and insulated electric wire, electric 
lit^ht line wire, incandescent ami flexible cortls, 
r.iilwav feeder and tnilley 
wires. Aniericanite, niaL;net. 
iiKice and annunciator wires, 
antl cables |i)r aerial and 
undergroiHul use. liusiness 
establisheil in kSjo by iuiL(ene 
I'". Phillips. Incorporated in 
May, kSSj. Capitali/ed lor 
$750,000. Works located in 
l'hilli]isdale, R i, laii])loy 
1000 hands. (X'ticers: luigcne 
\'. I'hilli])s, (ieneral Manager; 
I*'rank X. l'hilli|is, {'resident; 
K. l\owland l'hilli])s, \'ice- 
I'resident; C. II. Wagenseil, 
Trea.surer; C. R. Remington, 
Jr., Secretary. 

Mr. luigene F. I'hillips,ithe 
general manager and founder 
<if the business, was educated 
in the public schools of his 
native city, and while jiursuing the high school 
course in iSdj, he joined theTenth Rhode Island 
\'olunteers and went to the front along with a 



Eugene F. Phillips 



nianulacture of insulated telegrajjh wire in a 
very small way in a barn situatetl in the rear of 
his residence at 57 Chestnut street, the cut of 
which is shown upon the o])- 
posite i>age. This was the 
beginning of an industry 
that h,as developed to such 
I)ro])ortii)ns as to place it at 
the heail of the wire manu- 
facturing establishments of 
the world, and the founder 
of the business, who is still 
at the head of the concern, 
pushetl the enterprise along 
as rapidly as the growth of 
the application of electricity 
during the past thirty years 
re(]uired. In 1880 he occu- 
pied the building at the cor- 
ner of .Stewait and Conduit 
streets, which at that time 
was considered a large plant, 
four stories, and well 
equipped with wire making 
machinery. The business continued to grow 
raiMclly, ami in i8go the greater part of the 
whole square in the same location was utilized 




large delegation of students, returning at the by a new factory which was built expressly to 





Frank N, Phillip.s. 



E. Rowland Phillips. 



close ol his enlistment to com])lete his studies, accommodate the immense business of the com- 
•After leaving school he was engaged in \arious p.my, which was built in the lorm re])resented 
lines of liusiness until : 870. when he beL;an the upon the op])osite page, with a court in the 




^_:>. -•*-,. 






fiSsP . % 



-rm 




kl ! 



■ d 



nails 



a - J ^ lS .■ 



kiiiggg 







AMERICAN ELECTRICAL WORKS, PHILLIPSDALE, R. I 
Growth of the Works from 1870 to 1900. 



1^0 ]?1:";K.\I'III( AI. lllSIOm' ol' llll-, M.Wri'AC 1 I'RI-.KS 

centre. This ])lant was lodk"'' upon as a nioilel lailway, electric lij;ht anti telephone use to the 

in every res])ecl, aiul its increased facilities most delicate silk covered testing wire. There 

were thi)Uf;ht to be sul'ticient to liamlle the (nit are a dozen buildings in the group that make u[) 

l>ut of the concern for a great many )ears. 15ut the plant, and all are equipped with improved 

the use of electrical appliances had apparently machiner}' and appliances for the manufacture 

onh' just begun, for the demand fur their pio- of wire. 'I'he company has its own electric 

ducts increased more rapidly than ever, an<l to jilant for lighting, with three 250-light incan- 

such an e.xtent that Mr. Phillips cast about fur a descent dynamos and one 40-arc light machine, 

location where he could erect a factory that and a 250 horse power generator for parts of the 

would meet all requirements. As a result ot lactor}-. The works are sui)i)lied by power 

this endeavor he ])urchased the plant which was from two 500 horse power (ireene engines, 

located on the Seekonk ii\or in iiSg3, formerly The Canadian |)lanl, as also shown on the 

used as a ].)ai)er mill by the Richmond Tajier page of cuts, was established in Montreal in 

Co. and began to make additions and altera- 1 8.Sy as the luigene !■'. Phillips Klectrical 

tions suitable for a nu)dern mill for the manu Works, Ltd., with a capital of $30,000, which 

facturc ot wire. I'lom this time on the place has since been increased to 560,000. This is 

became known as Phillipsdale, in honor of Mr. the largest wire manufacturing plant in Canada, 

Phillips, whose business gave to the town of employing 100 hands, and its interests are well 

I'.ast Providence one of the most complete in- looked after by (jeorge ( 'Iney, jd. Secretary ami 

dustrial colonies of the State, and yet so near Treasurer. 

the city of Provitlence projjer as to be almost 'I"he growth of the American I'^lectrical 

counted as one of its industries. Phe works in Works, which are among the most important of 

their present complete contlition, as shown by an)' ot the manufacturing plants of the State of 

the accomiianying cut, cover an area of about Rhode Island, have been brought to their [jres- 

four acres of floor s]iace which are surrounded ent state of perfection by the persistent effort 

by thirly-si.K acres of land, well laid out, some and intelligent management of their founder, 

portions of which are devoted to residences for Mr. P^ugene 1*'. Phillips, 

the accommodation of the emiiloyes. The The officers of the company are: 

works are situated on the tracks of the X. V., luigene I''. Phillips, (General Manager, who 

\. IP ^^ II. R. R. Co. on the east, and a wharf has had active management of the business 

and water navigation foi shijiping on the See- since its inception. 

konk river on the west, and also has an abun- Frank X. Phillips, President, is a son of the 

dant fresh water su]iply from the Ten-Mile river, general manager. Has been with the company 

I'dectric cars connect the village with Provi- since leaving college, and was elected to the 

dence and other centres of trade. This to-day present [losition in October, 1S97. 

is one of the most attractive villages in the P.. Rowland Phillips, \"ice-President. is also a 

State. At the beginning Mr. Phillips was using son of the general manager, lie is a member 

as r.iw material about thirty [Kiunds of copper of the Town Council of blast Providence, and 

])er day in the manufacture of wire, lie now has been actively engaged with the company 

enjoys the satisfaction of knowing that upwards since school-days, and was elected to the pres- 

of locooo i.)Ounds of copjjer (lifty tons) are be- ent position in October, 1897. 

ing used every working day in the year in the Charles IP Wagenseil, Treasurer, commenced 

manufacture of every kind of wire or calile with the company as ollice boy, (October, 1884, 

known to the electrician. 'Phe most important has been constantly with the company ever 

ile|iartments added to the new works were the since, and was elected to his jiresent position in 

rolling and drawing mills. 'I'hese enable the October, 1897. 

cnm[)any to receive the cojiper in ingots, just as Charles R. Remington, Jr., Secretary, has 

thev come from the lakes. Four carloads jier l>^'e" I)rominently connected with the company 

, ' , ,, , . 1 c f 1 • n I since 1S8; in various capacities, and was elected 

(av are used, the crude metal tirst being rolled , . -> ^ .. ■' , > ^ , ., _ 

111 t" 111^ ])resent [)osition in October, 1897. 

into rods ot .•,, inch diameter, and then drawn The village of Phillipsdale has other impor- 

to any desired size, which include every descriji- tant industries that promise to make the place 

tion of wire made from that for hea\y street very prominent. 



AM) ia;siM>;ss mi-:n of riioiji<: island. 



191 



Granger Foundrj' and Machine Co. — Manufac- 
turers of bleaching, dyeing, drying and finishing 
machinery for textile fabrics. Works located 
at the corner of Harris and Sims avenues, 
Providence. In 1842 the Cove Machine Co. 
was incorporated under the laws of Rhode 
Island, and located at the corner of Gaspee and 
Francis streets, in a building erected for them 



sours, water mangles, sjirinklers, drying 
machines, calenders and various other machines 
for finishing textile goods. They also build 
calenders for finishing fine letter, ledger and 
surface coated papers. yXfter all these years in 
one location, the comi)any found it necessary to 
erect a new and more extensive building on 
Harris and Sims avenues, and Granger and 















Machine Shop of the Granger Foundry and Machine Co., Providence. 

the same year ne.xt to the old State Prison, in Tingley streets, as they had outgrown their old 
this city, the last remains of which have been quarters and also because the State had looked 
torn down. For thirty-six years the business opon their former location with a favorable eye, 
was carried on under this name, and then, in as the new State House and Normal School 
1878, it was changed to the Granger F"oundry were to be located in the immediate vicinity, 
and Machine Co. For fifty-eight years this Yielding to the inevitable, the company laid the 
concern has carried on a successful business foundations for an extensive plant, and in De- 
manufacturing machinery for bleaching, dye cember, 1895, the superstructure was completed, 
ing, drying and finishing cotton goods, including the machinery removed and new machinery 
singeing machines, washing machines, chemic. added. This is now one of the most complete 



I';-' 



luocRAi'iiic.Ai, iiisToin' oi- Till-; MANi'i'ACii i<i;ks 



machine slii>])s in New l'',ni;l;uK], every moilcrn 
appliance being at hanil b\' which the tinest and 
most intricate parts (it iheif niachinci)' can he 
tnrned (lut accuiatcly aiul with j;ieal dispatcli. 
riiese new w(nks add anothei iniprdvcnicnt In 
tile long list that ha\e been building witliin the 
[last tew yeai's, all ol which are a great credit to 
the city nt i'rdxideiue. 

We hercwitli |>rint a plate nl the inteiinr i)t 



(irder as promptly as any concern in America. 
I'he company emi)loy only skilled mechanics, 
many ol them having been in their employ for 
many years, and t'onsecpicntly they are enabled 
tn add to their skill a practical knowledge ol the 
great \'ariety ol machinery manufactured at 
these woiks. The oHicers of the company are: 
William S. (Iranger, I'resitlent ; I lenry A. Till- 
inghast, Secretaiy and Treasurer. Mr. (iranger 



the main portion of their extensive machine is also the President of the Wheelwright I-"iller 
shop, which IS the largest in the I'nited .States and Manufacturing Co. of Providence, and of 




Plant of the Granger Foundry and Machine Co., Harrus and Sims Avenues, Providence, R. I. 

lor their class of woik. T!ie main Iniilding is the American Wringer Co., a director in the 

305 -x 1 10 feet, the storage and |iattern building Cnited .National ]5ank and numerous other cor- 

being 100x40. porations. 

The dyeing and bleaching concerns through Pawtucket Spinning Ring Co.- Manutacturers 

out the I'nited .States will appreciate the in- of siiinning rings. l-!usiness established in 18S4 

creased facilities enjoyed by this company in by John Booth. Incorporated in 1899. Capi- 

their new ipiarters, for greater facilities mean tali/.ed for 530,000. Works located on North 

more rapid |)roduction, and when only limited M.iin street, Pawtucket. I'.mploy 14 hands, 

time is granted for turning out certain machin- ()llicers: .Albert P. Martin, President; John 

ery in their line, they will feel satished that the Pooth, Treasurer and Secretary, who was born 

(ir.inger I*'onn<lry .md Machine Co. can till the in ( )ldham, I'jiglaiul, March J, 1845. 




(13) 



104 



HiM(,R.\i'iiic.\i, iii.s'Kiin' (ii- rill M.\\ri'AcTrRi-:KS 



Providence Dyeing, Bleaching and Calender 
ing Co. — When we remember that in 1S14, ami 
tor at least lnur )ears atteiward, all the cuttdii 
cloth \vo\en in America was the prnduct ot hand 
looms, and that the |)o\ver spinning frames jnst 
coming into use weie turning out comparativel)' 



ol W'dliani Smith of New \'ork. the patent 
rights in the tirst calender ever run with differ 
eiitial gears; the calender from which has been 
e\'ol\cd the modern triction calender 

With this engine, these |iatent calender 
rights, and several acres of land north ot Sal)in 
small quantities of yarn, the jiromotion of a com- street and west of the co\-e, Hercules Whitney 
pany with a capital of :>40,ooo to bleach, dye and and Henry lloppin formed a company for the 
tiiiish such cloth, seems as much of a daring en- bleaching and calendering of cotton and other 
ter|)rise .is the promoting to. da\' ot , I twenty mill- goods, interesting with themselves James ]'< 
ion liollar trust. It shows that our ancestors Mason, 15enjamin, Charles, l-'.lisha and ( )lne\ 
had a great de.il of conlidence in the future of Dyer, l-Senjaniin and Thomas ('. IIop])in, .Smith 

Rosworth and John 
Wilson. These gentle 
men formetl themselves 
into a compan}' known 



the cotton industr\- in 
New ICngland, and the 
result shows that their 
faith was well tounded. 
In the year above 
mentioned, 1 lercules 
Whitiie)', 1 lenr)' 1 lup 
pm, lulward Mason, 
Jr., and I >aniel Hates, 
all of Providence. 
l)0ught from ( Miver 
l-Aans of i'hilailelphia. 
the second steam en 
gine ever erecteil in 
Rhoile Island, the first 
ever used in America, 
and [.irobably in the 
world, for the bleach- 
ing, dyeing and hnisli- 
ing of cotton labrics. 
It was ])atriolicall\' 
nameil the Cohnnbian 
.Ste.uii I'jigme.and was 
].)atented b)' the saiti 
l-^vans. who issued to 
these gentlemen a 
license to run the en 




Jolin P. Farnswortli. 



as the "I'atent Calen 
dering and Bleaching 
Company" and as 
sumed all the corpor- 
ate rights and privi 
leges afterwards given 
them b)' the State. 

Col. Smith Rosworth 
was ap]H)inted the ac- 
tive tTcatl of the com- 
pany, holding this po 
sition for a number of 
\ears. Later Wm. C. 
.Snow was elected agent 
,nul in 1840 Mr. .Ste- 
phen Cornell was made 
su]3erintendent. About 
this time most of the 
stock being in the 
hands of the Dyer and 
Hoppin families, a 
charter was taken from 



the State and the 

gine together with a guarantee of the develop- officers electeti under it were Klisha Dyer, I'resi- 
ment of 20 horsepower. The descrijition of dent; Wm. C. .Snow, agent. At this time a 
this engine as set forth in the license for its use, purchase of land was made in ( )lney\-ille, near 
when com[)ared with that of a modern triple the Johnston line, and an old grist mill was con- 
condenser is most interesting to tlie stuilent of verted into a blue dye house and bleacliery. 
dynamics. This engine was bought at an e,\- In 1872 Wm. C. .Snow died and Mr. Stephen 



pense of si.\ thousand dollars and when erected 
in Providence at the corner of Mathewson and 
.Sabin streets is said to have c<jst its ow^ners 

Si 7.000. 

In adtlition to this wonderful |)iece ot mechan 
ism, these gentlemen, together with ceitain 
others named hereafter, bought from the wiilow 



Cornell was elected agent. In iSiSj Mr. Cor 
nell lesigned the agency and was soon after 
elected president, which othce he held until his 
death. Succeeding him as agent and treasurer 
came Mr. Nathan II. Raker. 

In 1 885 the .Sabin street ])lant was abandoned 
and all dyed work given up, the linishing ot 






w 




1 <,)0 



IMOCRAI'lilCAI. 



isri»R\- oi'- Till-. MA.\ri'.\cruKi;RS 



bleachcil aiul tanry while wmk In-ing taken 
up at the ()lncyvillc plant, or X'alloy ISlcaiii- 
erv, as it was called. In iSSq Mr. X II. 




The Columbian Steam Engine. 1814. The Second Steam 
Engine Operated in Providence. 

Haker was succeeiled 1)\' the present treasurer, 
John r. l'"arnsworth. Since that time there 
have lieen three presidents, Mr. W. W. Hoppin, 
jr., son of a former president, succeedetl Mr. 
Cornell, being in turn succeetled by Mr. Chas. 
N. Talbot, who remained as president from 
1S93 until the beginning of the present year. 
The present holder of the office is Mr. VVni. 
< )scar Cornell, a son of Mr. Stephen Cornell, 
former superintendent, agent, treasurer anil 
president. 

The plant at 52 X'alley street has grown from 
a small bleachery, tinishing about four tons of 
goods in i8cS5, to its present capacity of twenty 
tons per day. About one million yards of light 
dress goods ])ass through it finished each week. 

Providence Engineering Works.- .Manufactur- 
ers of stationary engines and general machinery, 
their specialties being the Creene engine and 
the Rice & .Sargent engine. lUisiness estab 
lished originally by K. I.. Thiuston and John 
J^abcock, ]iractical engine builders. After 
various co parttiership changes, the I'rovidence 
.Steam l-jigine Co. was organized and incorpor- 
ated under the laws of Rhode Isl.ind, in 1S63. 
The business was carried along successfulh' 
under this name untill May 23, 1S99, wdien this 
comiiany and the Rice cK; .Sargent I'.ngine Co. 
were succeeded b\ the i'rovidence I'.ngineering 
Works, and incorporated at that time with a 
caiiitalization of $250,000. The new com pan \- 
occupy the works of the Providence .Steam En- 
gine Co., on .South .Main, .South Water and I'ike 



streets, I'rovidence, where the\- emijloy about 
250 hatuis. The plant is the largest in the city 
for the building of steam engines with one e.x- 
ce])tion, and their jiroductions rank with the 
best made steam engines built in this or loreign 
countiies. The officers of the com]xin)' are: 
Richard A. Robertson. President; Richard M. 
Rice, Treasurer and Secretary. .Some ot the 
largest manufacturing concerns of the State are 
ec|uip]ied with their engines, including the 
Xation.d and I'rovidence Worsted Mills, the 
Valley Worsted Mills, besides many large con- 
cerns in othei' .States throughout the country, 
including the Lincoln Whart station of the Hos- 
ton lCle\ated Railroad where two of their 6,000 
horse power Rice & Sargent engines are in op- 
eration, probably the largest in New P'.ngiand. 
The best eciuipment in the city of Providence is 
at the power .station of the L'nion Railroad Co. 
on Juldy street, where there are several of their 
Greene engines in o]5eration, supplying power 
for the electric road. The plant is equipped 
with every modern device for handling and 
working heavy or light castings, machiner\" 
parts, etc. 

American Supply Co. — Manufacturers of loom 
harness, reeds, leather belting, pickers and mill 
supplies. Business organized and incorporated 
in 1883. Ca])italized for §300,000. Office, 11 
and 12 l^ddy street. Providence. Works in 
Central P'alls, R. I. Pmploy 125 hands. Offi- 
cers: John 1{. Kendrick, X'ice-President ; Myron 
Fish, Treasurer; John A." Carter, Secretary. 
The business is a consolidation of the Kendrick 
Loom Harness Co. and Myron T'ish & Co., the 
former company having been in the business 
for about thirty years, and the latter company 
had been in existence for about twenty years, 
the combination making a strong company, do- 
ing a wide business at home and abroatl. 

Lippitt Woolen Co. — Manufacturers of cassi- 
meios and coatings. Business established in 
18(15. lncor])orated the same year at the May 
session of the Legislature. Mills located on 
South Main street, Woonsocket. R. I. Officers: 
Henry !•". Lii)pitt, President ; (has. 1 1. .Merriman, 
'Tre.isurer. The mills have 20 sets of cards and 
114 looms. Power is supplied in part from the 
niackstone Ri\x'r Trench. The company was 
named in honor ol lleni\' !•'. Lipjjitt. who was 
the prime mover in the enterprise. It was 
known as the Harrison Cotton ^lill before 1865, 
where cotton goods were manufactured for a 
number of years. 



AND lUTSINMvSS MKN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



197 



Reliance Mill Company.- Manufacturers of 
fancy table meals, including corn, rye, graham, 
whole wheat, buckwheat, oat metal, etc. Hus- 




Henry C. Clark. 

iness established originally by J. C. Redding 
who was succeeded by Goodspeed & Co., and 
later D. N. Knight became the owner of the 
business. Henry C. Clark finally became the 
owner of the plant, and in 1873 he erected the 
present extensive mill on the water front, 20S 
to 216 Dyer street. Providence, five stories high, 
with a storage capacity for 40,000 bushels of 
grain, and the pier affords ample facilities for 
vessels to discharge. The mill is ec|uipped with 
four double sets of rolls, and the power for the 
works is supplied by a 500 horse power steam 
engine. There is a direct railroad switch, thus 
giving them perfect transportation facilities, and 
on the dock they have a large three story ware- 
house for the storage of salt, hay, grain, straw, 
and sundries. Henry C. Clark was born in 
Providence, November 28, 1822. After conr 
]ileting his education in the public schools of 
his native city, he began active business in 1841 
as a clerk in the employ of Jackson & Clark' 
coal merchants, and held that position until his 
admission into the firm, the name then being 
changed to Jackson, Clark & Co. Then the 
firm underwent successive changes, first as S. 
Clark & Co., Clark & Coggeshall, Clark & 



Webb, H. C. Clark, and later as the Providence 
Coal Co., Henry C. Clark becomingthesole owner 
of the business, which was the most e.xtensive 
of any in the city of Providence, excepting the 
Wilkesbarre Pier, which is owned by the N. Y., 
N. II. & Hartford Railroad Co. The plant has 
a wharf frontage on the harbor of about [500 
feet, and the coal pockets will contain fully 
20,Q00 tons. Mr. Clark was at all times one of 
the most public spirited citizens of the city, and 
he was elected to represent the city of Provi- 
tience in the House of Representatives of the 
(jeneral Assembly from 1882 to 1885, and he 
represented his ward in the Common Council of 
the city of Providence during the same period. 
In 1876 he was elected a member of the Board 
of Aldermen. In 1892 and 1895 he was an 
indei)endent candidate for Mayor. He died 
March 3, 1898. 

Harry C. Clark, the jiresent i)ro])rictor of the 
Reliance Mill Co., and the Providence Coal Co., 
was born in Providence, October 24, 1857, and 
is the son of Henry C. Clark, lie was edu- 
catedinthe publicschools and Hrown University. 
Upon leaving school he entered his father's 
office and was appointed Treasurer of the con- 




Harry C. Clark. 

cern, soon after becoming a partner with his 
father in the business, which included the coal 
and mill business. Upon the death of his father 



198 



HKXiKAl'IIK Al. IIISTORN' Ol' Till-; M A M ' !• A( 1 I' R l-.KS 



ill iSijS he became the sc)le owner of both pro. 
perties. which are now carried on under his 
direction. William II. Kell)' is the (leneral 




Albeit H. OIney. 
-Manager of the Reliance Mill, but Mr. Clark 
superintends the entire business of the Provi- 
dence Coal Co., whiih eniplo\s about u; hands. 
Olney Brothers. — Lubricating oils, liusmess 
established in iS/j b\ Henry S. and Albert H. 
( )lne3'. ( )t'iicc ami storehouse. 54 South Water 
street. I'nnidence. Albert H. (Jlney. nuw the 
sole projirietor of the business, was l)orn in 
Scituate. R. I,, in July. iJ^^y. Attei" leaving 
the public schools he attendeil the Sniithville 
seminary, later known as the I.apham Institute, 
in the village of North Scituate. -After leaving 
this institution he attended I'otter & Ham- 
mond's Mercantile school, of Providence, where 
he remained until 1.S5S. Tiie following year he 
entered the Richmond Mill in .Scituate as book- 
keeper, remaining two years. In i<S64 he was 
the |)r<)|)rietor ot a cotton mill in Rockland, and 
carried on the business ;il)()ut one year, at a 
time when cotton was selling at ^1.80 pev 
]ioun(l. -After leaving manufacturing, he en- 
tered the em|)loy of (i. 6v: C. P. Ilutchins in 
the crockery and gas tixture business, and in 
1872 he left this c(jncern to begin business on 
liis own account in comjiany with his brother, 
under the tirm name of ( )Iney l?rothers. The 



lirst car load ot oil was received .Xovember 41'' 
that year, from the liinghamton Oil Refining 
Co.. and from that time to the present they 
have handled the goods of that justly celebrated 
relineiy, whose cylinder oils ha\e been sent to 
every country of the globe where steam engines 
are useil. l'"or the lirst few years their business 
w-as nioslh contined to handling the Hingham- 
ton oils, but as other refineries were established, 
making a great \ariety of goods, they have kept 
pace with the times by arranging with refiners 
of tlifferent specialties, so as to secure the very 
best oils that can be had for various purposes. 
The Binghamton cylinder oil has always stood 
at the head of steam cylinder lubricants. The 
stock of Olney Brothers is as complete as it is 
possible to have in oils for all kinds ol machin- 
ery. In 1898 Ilenry.S. Olney withdrew from 
the firm, and the business has been carried (Ui 
l)y Albert II. i >lney as the sole proprietor under 
the original name of Olney Brothers. 

Chas. Pay & Co. — Manufacturers of wagons 
anil trucks of all kinds, coal hoisting apparatus, 
mud dredgers, wheelwrights and general ma 
chinists. lousiness established in 1877 bv 
Charles Pay, who is a nati\e of luigland, where 
he was born in 1851. Works located at ;v'i 
South Water street. Providence. Dt)es a gen 
eral line of blacksmithing and forging. 

I. H. Smith. — Manufacturer of card clothing 
machiner\'. Business established in i8()i. b\' 



11 :h. 






>^^i 




Israel II. .Smith, who is a nati\e ot Rutlaml, 
Mass., where he was born in 18.19. \\diks 
located in bidnewootl, Providence. 



AND BUSINM:SS MKN ()!• Kllnl)!'; IS1,AM). 



199 



The Coronet Worsted Co. — Manufacturers of 
fine worsted suitings and piece dyes. Mills 
located at Mapleville, K. I., in the town of Bur- 
rillville. The business was established under 
the present name in igoo; incorporated, 1901; 
capitalized for $150,000, and employs 500 hands. 
Joseph i:. Fletcher, who is a director of the 
Union 'I'ru.st Co. of Providence, and of the Law- 
ton Spinning Co. of W'oonsocket, is the Presi- 
dent and Treasurer ; John 11. IJoyd is the Vice- 
President, and John W. Duncanson is the Secre- 
tary. The sales office of the company is at lu 
15roadway, N. Y. Joseph K. Fletcher, the 
founder of the present 
business, was born at 
liradford, luigland, in 
18O6. He is the eldest 
son of Charles Fletcher, 
the noted worsted manu- 
facturer, who estab- 
lished the mills known 
as the National and 
Providence Worsted 
Mills ; the Fulton Wor- 
sted Mills ; the Pocas- 
set ; the Victoria ; the 
Saranac Mills at Black- 
stone, and the Lawton 
Spuming Co., and has 
now ceased to take an 
active interest in the 
woolen business, as he 
has sold his different 
mills to the American 
Woolen Co. 

Joseph E. F"letcher 
entered his father's em- 
ploy in Providence, and 
was finally elected Vice- 
President and Treasurer of the National and 
Providence Worsted Mills, also Treasurer and 
(ieneral Manager of the Saranac Worsted Mills, 
which mills were sold to the American Woolen 
Co., and for two years he acted as the agent and 
general manager of these mills for this com- 
pany. After resigning from the position of 
agent, he purchesed the Mapleville property in 
December, igoo, and organized it under the 
name of the Coronet Worsted Co. The old 
mill was completely transformed into a modern 
establishment, and put on to a running basis, 

with a New \'ork office selling their goods di- 




Joseph E. Fletcher. 



rect to the trade. After the old mill was in 
shape and in good running order, Mr. i'lctcher 
immediately started building a new brick tac 
tory 300 feet long, also a number of tenement 
houses, as shown herewith in the double page 
cut. The new company is established on a 
much larger scale than the old time business, 
which for a number of years was running at a 
low ebb, on account of the destruction by fire 
of the factory on the site of the new mill. Any 
one acquainted with Mapleville in the old time 
would hardly recognize it now under the trans- 
formation that has taken jjlace. The old mill is 
known as Mill No. i, 
and the new factory as 
Mill No. 2. .'\nd now 
that both are running 
to their full extent, the 
village of Mapleville is 
placed in the front rank 
of the textile centres of 
the manufacturing town 
of Burrillville, and the 
enterprise shown by this 
new company under Mr. 
{•"letcher's management 
has given the old town 
a renewed stimulus to 
l)ush her manufacturing 
interests to a point of 
vigor that she has never 
realized before. Power 
for the No. 1 Mill, the 
old cluster of buildings 
as shown on page 202, 
is supplied from the 
lower privilege of the 
Chepachet river to the 
extent of about 150-horse 
power through two turbines.and a 1 larris-Corliss 
steam engine of 200-horse power. This mill 
operates 70 looms in the manufacture of fine 
suitings, and the No. 2 Mill, the new one, is 
supplied by the upper jirivilege in the same 
village on the Chepachet river to the extent of 
about I 30-horse power through two turbines and 
a Whitehall steam engine of 200-horse power, 
operating 100 looms. These are among the 
most complete worsted plants in the State of 
Rhode Island, and the village with its neat 
houses, situated on a gentle slope facing the 
east, the streets lined on either side by full 



-'Oil 



Hii tiiRAi'im Ai. iiisiom- (ii iiii; mamiac tiri^us 



;^i()\\ii maple tiec>. wliich \cry aiijjropiiatcly H. Smith, wIki turther eiilarned the plant and 



i^ivcs it the name ot Maplc\'ille, is ver\- attrac 
ti\c anil well laid out. 

This |)lace was formerly known as Cooper's 
Mills, a saw mill situateil ui)on the site ut the 
No I Mill hein<;- the only business ot the place 
lor .1 <4reat many years, or until the buildin"- ot 
the tirsl woolen taclor\- here in i S.] i by Uariiis 



began the manutarture ot tancy woolen i;o()ds 
Smith & Whiteheatl were the owners in July, 
iS()4, and the following year, in March, Fred 
erick 1!. Smith bought his partner's interest, 
whose name was James H. Whitehead March 
y>. iSfiO, Mr. Smith sold the jiropertv to the 



firm ol Whitehead M- 



and I )ecend)er 



/^^, 







.■-s^ms 



Coronet 'Worsted Co. Mill No. 2. 



1807, lames I. egg bought his paitnei's iiiteiest 
and became the sole owner. ,\t this time there 
were onl\' i .S iiairow ( "ireenhalge lonms in the 
mdl, and Mr. 1 .egg began making improve 
ments and enlargements. The large addition 
erly and rebuilt the mill on a much larger was built in 1S71.', and the works in iSijocon 
scale, ])rol)ably utilizing the stone walls of the sisted nl lour mam stiuctures together with a 
old factory, in 1S57 he sold the property to number of smaller buildings, the section with 
Smith iK: ilawkms, who in turn sold it to Jose|ih the bellry being the original structure, -At this 



r. I .awton, whose son-in hiw, James \\ . Hale, 
operated the mill, his e<|uipment being one set 
of cards and a lew looms. This lust mill was 
built of stone, and was destroyed !))■ lire prior 
to 1S56, when < )li\er Tracv bought the ]irnp- 



AND BUSINKSS MKN OF RHODM ISLAND. 



20 1 



latter date there were some two huiulred hands 
employed operating six sets of cards and forty 
broad looms, making weekly about 4,000 yards 
of fancy cassimcres and cheviots, and at present 
the mill produces about 20,000 yards of worsted 
goods ]ier week. Mr. I. egg took his son into 
partnership, and the name of the firm became 
James Legg & Co. In March, iSgo, the busi- 



west bank of the river, a woolen mill was 
erected of wood with a stone basement by 
Daniel S. \\'hipi)le about the year 1845. Mr. 
Whipple bought this upper privilege from Duty 
Smith, March 8, 1845, and as he was the owner 
of the next water privilege above on the C'he- 
pachet river, at Gaza, where he was busily en- 
gaged developinn an extensi\e textile business. 




Village of Mapleville, R. I. 

ness was incorporated under the name of 
the Mapleville Manufacturing Co., but 
it was a close corporation, the shares being all 
owned by the Legg family. The same year Mr. 
Legg, senior, died August 2d, and then the 
business of the corporation devolved u])on his 
sons, James Legg as President and General 
Manager, and William Legg, Treasurer. 

Some 200 yards above the No. 1 Mill, on the 



which, by the way, is now in ruins, he leased 
his Mapleville mill. John L. Ross hired one room 
and made cottonyarns; Benjamin F.Cireeneoccu- 
pied the two upper Hoors and made warps for 
Hill & Carpenter. Mr. (Jrecne suliseciuentl)- 
founded the Greene & Daniels Manufacturing 
Co. of Pawtucket. Some time after, in 1848, 
John Barber hired the basement and manufac- 
tured linsey woolseys for Hill & Carpenter of 



lUOCiRAI'lIKAI, IIISroRV Ol- Till': MANUI-"AC'11KI;RS 



I'rovidenco. Soino years later Mr. \\'hip])le 
built a stone mill in the rear of the wootien tac- 
tory, and leased the new building to Steere is: 
I'inkhani in 1S53. 1 lere William Tinkhain be 
gan his suceesstul career as a manufacturer in 
com])any with Job Steere. They carried on the 
manufacture of woolen goods until i85(j, when 
these gentlemen moved theii' plant to Ilarris- 
\ ille. on the Clear river. The leases e.\])iring 
Ml iS;*), Mr. \Vhi|)ple then began the o]ieration 
of the mills himselt. In i.SiiJ he enlartred the 



brick factory, which has just been completed, 
and is one of the most substantial mill build 
ings in the State, well equipped with modern 
machinery and every modern device for the 
manutacture ot line worsted goods. 

Daniel S. Whipple is creilited with having 
set the trees that to-day make the jilace so at 
tractive. With the jjresent impetus that the 
new compan\- has de\eloped for the place, 
Mapleville is destined to be one of the ver\' 
popular manufacturing hamlets of the State, 



%■■ 



* .* 



} 



-,r — - _^ -*■ 




/f 



■.vf>.^:. .^ 



-..:. .-K.; 



•-,^^.il[ 



fe., 






,-»^ 







?!--!A«iiae !».>>,. : 



"- ^c» v«"j<qi«ijig- 7 



Coronet Worsted Co, No. i Mill, Mapleville, R. I. 



|)lant and operated .1 si.\ set tanc\ wooleti fac- 
tory. In iiS()^ he sold the ])ro])erty to George 
X. ami James A. Smith, who, June 10, 1S65, 
sold the mill to James Whitehead ;uid James 
l.cgg. In iSo;, December 7th, Mr, White- 
head sold his interest to his partner, and James 
I. egg then became the sole pro[)rietor of this 
and the lower mill. This upper mill was 
burned September ^d, 1S71, and had remained a 
pile of ruins until Mr. I'letcher purchased both 
privileges ;in(l elected the i)resent imjiosing 



and it is not at all unlikely that the privilege at 
(iaza will \ery soon be built up, and still further 
u[) the stieam, at the lamoiis old village ot (he 
l)achet is another old ruin, which a tew years 
ago, before the destructive tire, was giving em 
ployment to some ^Ct) o|)er,ilivcs, will in due 
time be re-established, thereliy making theC'he- 
pachet river valley one ot activity and thrift. 

While Mr. Joseph V.. I'"letcher has never 
sought public office he served as ,1 delegate to 
the Republican XationalConvention (it iSuy, be 
in<r a member of the Notification Committee. 



AM) lU'SINKSS MKN OF RHODK ISLAM). 



William F. Quarters. lllectro-plating of 

jewelry of a fine grade. Jiusiness established 
in 1891. Works located at 129 ICddy street. 
Providence. ICmploy 23 hands. William F. 
Quarters is a native of Providence. After com- 
l^leting his education in the public schools ot 
the city he entered the employ of S. T. Lincoln 
& Co., of Providence, to learn the electro-plat- 
ing business, where he remained from 1S70 to 
1879, when he engaged with James Callaghan. 
Here he was employed three years, and then 
entered the employ of Herbert Iv Brown & Co. 
as foreman of the electro-plating department, 
serving in that capa- 
city for five years, and 
then became a member 
of the firm. He sold 
his interest in this con 
cern in 1891 and began 
business on his own 
account on Eddy street, 
and to meet the de 
mands of his increas- 
ing business he found 
it necessary to increase 
his establishment, and 
he accordingly moved 
into his jjresent (piar- 
ters at 129 luldy 
street, where he has 
ample facilities for car- 
rying on his business. 
From the beginning 
Mr. Quarters has made 
it a point to bid for 
fine work, and his great 
specialty is fine shatl- 
ing, together with 
heavy 14-karat plating, 
for which he has established an excellent reini- 
tation. His works are e(iuipped for doing the 
higher grade of work, and consequently very 
little of the cheajier kind is done. While ]\Ir. 
Quarters receives the bulk of his business from 
local concerns, he still has quite an extensive 
trade throughout the country. 

Thomas G. Hunt. — Manufacturer of a general 
line of electro-plated goods, including brooches, 
hat pins, etc. Present business established in 
1900, October 10. .Mr. Hunt is a native of At- 
tleboro, Mass., where he was born May 8, 1857. 
He learned the jewelry trade in the village of 




William F, Quarters. 



Chartle\, .Mass., where he remained for about 
ten \ears. He was employed for a time in At- 
tleborn and North Attleboro jnior to locating in 
Providence, where he was employed by Moore 
head & Co.. and afterwards became a i)artner 
with R. A. Greene under the firm name of R. 
A. Greene & Co., manufacturing jewelers, and 
later retired from this firm and went into part- 
nership with S. I^. liudlong, where he remained 
until he began business alone in 1900 Works 
located at 117 Point street. Providence. 

Contrexeville Manufacturing Co. — .Manufac- 
turers of cotton plushes and velveteens, liiisi- 

ness established in 
Manville, R. L, in 1897, 
and incorporated the 
same year as the Con- 
tre.xeville Mfg- Co., 
with a capitalization 
of $100,000. Mill situ- 
ated about a mile from 
the Manville railroad 
station, in a very at- 
tractive locality. Tlie 
mill building is two 
stories in height, built 
of brick and modern in 
every respect, and its 
equipment of machin- 
ery is the latest. ]{m- 
ploy 125 hands. ( )ffi- 
cers of the cor])ora- 
tion are: Edwin R. 
Handy, President: 
Thomas H. Handy, 
Treasurer and Secre- 
tary. The Power for 
the plant is supplied 
by an .Arming ton iS: 
Sims engine of 200 horse ]}ower. 

Mead Gas Engine Co. — Manufacturers of sta- 
tionary and marine gas and gasiilene engines. 
Business incorporated in .April, 1900. Capital- 
ized for $50,000. Works located at the foot of 
Norwood avenue, Edgewood, Providence, on 
Providence river. ()fficers: I-"rank S. Mead, 
President and Treasurer; .A T. Vigneron, 
Secretary. 

W. H. Mason. — Manufacturer of shoe laces. 
Business established in 1892 ^s Carpeiitei & 
Mason, later as W. H. Mason & Co., and later 
the business was carried on under the name of 
William H. Mason. Works located at 228 
Aborn street, l^rovidence. Em])loys six hands. 



204 



Hi()(,k.\riiicAi. llIS'l■()R^■ uv riii-. M.\Nri'\c'i"LRi;KS 



R. I. Elevator and Machine Co. - Mamifac 
Hirers of steam, hydraulic, electric and belt ele 
\atcirs. for passenger and treiyht service. The 




Oswald C. Haley. 

cninjjany also do repaiiini; ol eiii;ines. elevators^ 
shattitij;', niachinei\', lioileis. i)iini[is, artesian 
wells, etc. iUisiness estahlisheil in 1899 by < >s 
wald C. Ihilew who is a native of Hoosick, X. 
^ ., where he w.is born Inly 1 1, 185(1. The busi- 
ness ot ( Isw.ild (', llalev was merged into the R. 
I. I'ilevator and Machine Co., January 1, 191JO, 
James X. Ramage being President of the new 
company and ( )swal(l C 1 laley. Treasurer and 
Manager. .Arthur 1\. 1 laiuly became a member of 
the firm in August, 1901. who isa native of Provi- 
dence, and was made Secretary of the company 
Works located at ^5 ClilTord street. Providence. 
The jilant is equipped with modem machinery 
loi- l)uilding elevators and doing all kinds of re 
pair work in the most a[)prove(.l manner. Mr. 
llaley, the general manager of the business, isa 
])ractical machinist, with a thorr)ugh knowletlge 
ot elevator manutacturiiig. There are few 
UKinufactui ing plants in the .State that do not 
rcipiire some kind of an elev.itor, either for 
treight or |)assenger ser\'ice, and this concern 
will prove of great achantage because of the 
superiority of their i)rotluctions, ami because if 
.iuything liappens in the way of a lireak down 



they are near at hand to make the necessary re- 
jiairs. This new plant shoukl pro\-e one of the 
most valuable lines of business in the city. 

Oaklaad Worsted Co. -Manufacturers of clay 
worsteds. Business established in 1892, and in- 
corporated the same year. Mill located in Oak 
land. R. I., on the Clear river, at a jioint where 
the stream is enlarged h)- the waters of the Pas- 
coag, Nipmuck anti C"he])achet rivers, thereby 
furnishing through two turbines about 80-horse 
l)ower. 'l"he mill is also ecpiipiied with a Corliss 
engine of loohorse power. Mmplny about 130 
h.mds. C)nicers: Ste[)hen < ). Metcalf, Treas- 
urer; William I 1 , White, .Superintendent . Mr. 
W hite is a gentleman of extensive experience in 
the manufacture of worsteds. The original mill 
w.is built by John L. Ross in 1850, the dam hav- 
ing been built by him in 1849. .Several addi- 
tions were built from time to time, and theijro]!- 
eity was first opeiatetl b\- the Woonsocket l)e- 
laine Co., continuing for about three years, 
when Mr. Ross carried on the business himselt 
in the ni.mufacture of cotton yarns. The mill 
was destroyed liy hie in i88j, July 1 J. but was 
rebuilt immediately by Mr. Ross, who leased 
the [noperty to Hogart, llanis & Co., which 
firm manufactured silk yarns, hosiery, etc.. do- 
ing a thriving business for about si.x \ears. The 
present company purchased the iiropert)' in 
July. 1892. 

F. A. Colwell. — Manufacturer of pa|)er boxes. 
Husiness established in 1871.) by I'.dnier Hrown, 
and purchased In' Mi. Colwell .diout 1881. 
Works located at 159 .Main street, Woon- 
socket. !-".m[)loys al.iout 41;) hands, h'red .A. 
Colwell is a native ot .Maiuille. R 1 . where 
he was born .September 9, 1858 lie com- 
pleted his education in Mowry \- (jotf's 
school, and then entered the employ of .S. 
.S. i'"oss as bookkee|)er where he remained for 
about three years, and then served in the 
same ca|)acitv for h'red \\ Jenckes in the 
tailoring business tor two ye, us, when he 
lesigned to begin the manufacture ot paper 
l)o\es. In 181)4 he bought C. C. Wheeloi. k's 
job printing establishment which he now 
uses as an .idiunct to his paper box business. 
Mr. Colwell has shown much enterprise in the 
management of his business. He has not de- 
l.iended u[)on local trade wholly, but he has de- 
veloped a business that gives him a wide field 
to work in throughou' the .State and elsewhere. 



AND lUSIXMSS MEN OF RIIODK ISLAND. 



205 



E. B. Bosworth & Son. — Manufacturers of 
presses, millino; lathes for jewelry manufacturers 
and other machinery. Husiness established by K. 




Edmund B. Bosworth. 

1^ Bosworth in January, i8<S6. Works located 
on I5road street, corner Main, in Warren 
R. I. Employ 6 hands. Iklmund H. Bosworth, 
the founder of the business was born in Warren, 
K. I., December g, 1844. lie learned the trade 
of a machinist in his father's machine sho]i 
and brass foundry, growing up in the business 
from a boy. He was employed in Providence 
for the concern that is now the Household Sew- 
ing Machine Co., from 1S75 to i8<S2. He then 
went to work in l^liss & Mason's jewelry shop 
at 1 19 Orange street, Providence, as a tool 
maker, where he remained until 1886, when he 
returned to Warren and began the manufacture 
of small lathes of his own in\ention, s])ecially 
adapted to the jewelry manufacturing business. 
In 1891 a firm was organized, consisting of 
residents of the town of Warren, for the |nir- 
pose of manufacturing dental mallets, which 
business was continued about six years. Mr. 
Bosworth then began again on his own account, 
since which time he has done an extensive busi- 
ness in the line of machinery that he turns out. 
In i8g8 Mr. Bosw-orth took his son in as a part- 
ner in the business. Charles ]-;. Itosworth was 
born in Warren, K. I., May 6, 1875. He gradu- 



ated from Hrc)wn University in 1898, and the 
same year became a partner with his father, the 
firm name then being established as K. B. Bos- 
worth & Son. 

Richmond Mfg. Co., (Xam(|uit .Mill.) — .Manu- 
facturers of cotton goods for print cloths. 
Business established about 1840. Incorporated 
in January, 1865. Officers: (i. Richmond Bar- 
sons, President ; Prank Iv Richmond, Treas- 
urer ; Samuel R. Dorrance, Secretary. P'actory 
located in Bristol, R. 1. lOmploy about 1 30 
hands; 306 looms, 10,816 spindles. The fac- 
tory is one of the oldest in the State now in 
operation. 

Simson & Kirkaldy. — Manufacturers of wor- 
steds and woolens for men's wear. Business 
established in 1899 by John Simson in the 
building now occupied by the Woonsocket 
I'.lectnc Machine and Power Co., Woonsocket, 
R. I. 'Phe [iresent factory was erected in 
Woonsocket, in 1896, when the machinery w;is 
removed from the old plant and some new ma- 
chinery was added. P^mpioy about 175 hands. 
The factory contains about 30,000 square feet 
of floor space. A Corliss steam engine of 125 
horse power supplies the power for the factory. 




Charles E, Bosworth. 



and operates their own electric lighting plant. 
John .Simpson and James B. Kirkaldy are both 
natives of Scotland. 



:o() 



i;i(!(,l<.\l'IIICAI. IIISTORV (i|' nil, M.WllACnKI-.KS 



Littlefield Manufacturing Co. Alanulaclurers 
ot cciltcn \-ain.s .md thread, lousiness estab- 
lished by I.ittlclicld liros. in 1.S51. Incorpor 
atcd in 18S9, Capitalized for Si 50,000. \\'ork.s 
locatetl oil the \ve>t bank ot lihukstonc river, be 
tween the iip|)er and lower dams, at I'awtucket 
r'alls, Mmploy 1J5 hands. ( tfticers : Altieci 
1 1. I.iltletield. I'resident ; b'.beii \. bittletiekl, 
rre.isiirer. 

Alfred II. I .ittletieUl, otie of the founders ol 
and the former piesident ol the LittletieUl 
M an u t a et u r i n ;^ 
( ' o 111 ]) a n y , and 
(iovenior ot the 
State of l\h<ule 
island for thiee 
\ears, from 1 SSo 
to I SSj, was born 
in Scituatc, April 
2. l8jy. lie' was 
the son ot l<ilin 
a n d Deborah 
(III nies) Little 
tield, and his an 
eestors, Caleb and 
Nathaniel Little 
tield, were aniom; 
the tirst settlers ol 
X e w Shorehani, 
Hloek Island, m 
\J2\. In 1S31 his 
parents nio\ed 
from Scituate t" 
Natickand here he 
attended the vil 
la;;e school Ullti. 
the sjirinj;' of 1.S37. 
alter whieh hf 
liiund emplo)'nieii! 
in the Sprat,Mi'- 
Mills until the lall 
ol 1 S44, when he again 
sciiool for si.\ months, antl in May, 1845, canie 
to Central lalls. entering the store of Joseph 
M. 1 )a\is as a clerk. In addition to the dry 
;_;o<ids and boot and shoe business carried on by 
Ml. I)avis, he put u]) in a small way sijool and 
skein sewing cotton. Mr. lJa\is sold out the 
liusiness to (ieorge L. I.iltlelield and hdias 
Xickerson in 184') or '47, and in 1S49 the liusi 
ness was transferred to (ieorge L, LittletieUl. 
.\ltred continuing as clerk until 1S51, when his 




brother sold out the store business at Central 
b'alls. and the firm of I.iltletield Hrothers was 
formed, which continued the thread business, 
with stores at I laydenville, Mass., where an- 
other brother. I )ariiel (L, had charge, and in the 
John H Reed Hlock on Main street, in I'aw 
tucket, where .\. II. was in chargeuntil Decem- 
ber, 1854. when the store business was sold out, 
and (ieorge L. and .\. II. became assoiiated 
with David Ryder, under the name of David 
R\(lei iv (/(>., niaiuilacturers of threads and 

\'ariis. .Mr. Rvder's 
interest was pur- 
chased, and trom 
laiiuar)', i<S3,S to 
July 1st, 1SS9. the 
business was car- 
ried on by ( ieorge 
L. and A. II. Lit- 
tietield, under the 
name of Littletield 
ISros., when ( ieorge 
I .. retired, aiul an 
incorporated com- 
pany was tornied 
of which .Alfretl II. 
1. i 1 1 1 eii e Id was 
I 'resident ; I'", b e n 
\. Littlefield, 
Treasurer, and .\. 
H. Littletield, jr., 
.Secretary. 

In ])()litics Mr. 
Littletield was a 
Whig until the 
birth of the Repub 
licaii party. Dinang 
the rebellion he 
actively- aided the 
Lhiion soldiers, and 
in iS(j4 was ap- 
of Rhoile Island 
Militia, with the rank of Colonel, on the staff 
of (icn. ( >liie\- .\riiold, which olhce he heUI tor 
live years. In 1 S73 he was a member ol the 
town council of Lincoln, being re elected Ironi 
187410 1877, when he declined a reelection. 
He was representati\-e in the (ieneral .\ssenibly 
in 1876 and 'jj, and senator in 1878 and '79. In 
1880 he was nominated for governor, and re- 
cei\etl 10,988 votes against 7.339 for the Demo- 
cratic and ;,o()j tor the third jiarty candidate. 



Altred H. Littletield, E.\-Goveiiior of Khode Island. 

ittemled the village pointed dnision inspector 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



207 



It requirinfi a majority to elect, the (ieneral 
Assembly chose Mr. Littlefield Governor by a 
vote of 82 Republicans to 20 Democrats, and 
the two following years he was re-elected by a 
handsome majority. During this service the 
same ability and ujirightness that had charac- 
terized his business dealings was conspicuously 
manifest as Governor of the State. His good 
judgment and sagacity contributed to the 
highest welfare of his constituency; and as pre- 
siding officer of the Senate he displayed a rare 
courtesy and wisdom, coupled with a becoming 
modesty, that won for him hosts of friends, and 
made him one of the most respected and hon. 
ored of governors. His death occurred Dec. 21, 
1893. Mr. Littletield married, I-'ebruary 9, 
1853, Rebecca Jane Northrup, of Central Falls. 
Their children are ICben N., Minnie J., 
(deceased), George II., (deceased), and Alfred 
H.Jr. 

E. B. Ingraham, Agent. — Manufacturer of 
button and stud liacks for the trade, and 
specialties in jewelry for the jobbing trade. 
Solid gold, rolled jjlate, electro-plate, etc. Busi- 
tiess established in 1891 by Eustis B. Ingra- 
ham, Agent. Works located at 21 Eddy street. 
Providence. Mr. Ingraham is a native of Attle- 
boro. Mass , and came to Providence and 
worked for a number of concerns before begin- 
ning business on his own account. 

Warren Manufacturing Co. — Manufacturers 
of cotton gooils in the line of sateens, twills, 
lawns and " Fancies," made from fine combed 
and carded yarns and silk. Mill located in 
Warren, R. I. This corporation carries a his- 
tory of more than half a century, and its growth 
and success confirms the wisdom, judgment and 
skill of those who early conceived, planned and 
put in operation the original enterprise, and 
have wisely guided and directed its management 
during these years, making possible its rapid 
increase from a small mill of about 12,000 
spindles in 1847 to the modern and ideal plant 
of 100,000 spindles and 2,300 looms in 1901. 
The business was established through the en- 
terprise of Mr. John O. Waterman, July 6, 1847. 
who was then a citizen of Providence. He 
early identified himself with the town of War- 
ren, became actively related to its every inter- 
est and was honored by its citizens with many 
appointments to positions of inriuence and trust. 
It had the support and co-operation of the citi- 
zens of the town, who invested in it, and, in a 



degree, aided in the direction of its affairs. 
The first mill which was known as No. 1, was 
built of brick in 1847, and about 1861 the No. 2 
mill was erected, and in 1872 the No. 3 mill was 
built, all three structures being joined together 
in one mill soon after. The year following the 
completion of the No. 3 mill, in 1881, Mr. 
Waterman died, and he was succeeded by his 
son, Mr. John Waterman, as Treasurer and 
General Manager of the business. The com- 
pany received their charter at the spring ses- 
sion of the Rhode Island Legislature in 1847, 
the capital of the corporation being J5 150,000. 
In March, 1854, this was increased to §175,000,' 
and in i860 the capital was raised to $300,000, 
and later it was increased to $600,000, the pres- 
ent capitalization. Mr. John Waterman for 
more than twenty years successfully managed 
the business of the corporation. During his 
administration the early mills, in a reconstructed 
form, were entirely destroyed by fire on the 
night of October 3, 1895. Above this reversal 
the will and enterprise of Mr. Waterman was 
early manifested, and pre\ailed in the re-estab- 
lishment of the plant, and in its present en- 
larged proportions and improved equipment. 
The same masterly genius and ability started 
and successfully operated the mills and during 
the subsequent years, some of them years of 
depression, built for it the reputation of one of 
the most successful corporations in the State. 
Mr. Waterman died very suddenly December 21, 
igoo, stricken in the very prime of his life, and 
in the strength and power of his usefulness. 
He was influential in town affairs, being at one 
time a member of the town council, and a mem- 
ber of committees having charge of town im- 
provements, which included the Town Hall, the 
Public Library, the new bridge that spans the 
Warren river, and other improvements. Dur- 
ing 12 years of Mr. Waterman's administration 
he had associated with him in the superinten- 
dency and management of the mill, Mr. Arnold 
Schaer, and in the successes of the mill he 
shared mutually with Mr. Waterman. Mr 
Schaer's skill and ability was ever fully recog- 
nizee! by the administration of Mr. Waterman 
and by the directory as well. He is a man of 
broad knowledge and excellent e.xecutive ability. 
Mr. Schaer is a native of Switzerland where he 
was born in 1852. He received a thorough 
technical education in the mills of his native 



:o8 



I^IOC.RAI'IIKAI, llISri)R\- OF 1111. MAX T lACTr RllRS 



country and in the wider t'lekis dt l''rance and 
ICnglanti. L'pon the death i>l Mi'. Waterman 
he was elected to the agency ol the corjioration. 
thus secLH'ing to the coinjiany the most thorough 
direction and management of the mill, together 
with the excellent mercantile al)ilitv ot Mr. 
Schaer in the bioader ticld ot purchaser lor the 
com])any and seller ol the mill protlucts. I he 
wisdom of this has lieen e\inced in the con 
tinned and increasing success ol the mill. 
l'"rank S. Hioune. the Tre.isurer ot the corpor 
ation, is a native ol W'aiien. where he was boi n 
Xovember 5, 1S4J. lie was elected to the 
ot'llce Januar\' ni, 1 ijui , .d)out one month after 
the death of Mi', Waterman, lie had served on 
the board ot directors for a nnnd)er ol \-ears 



antee that the business ol the \\ arren Maiiulac- 
turing Co. will be kepi up to the same high 
standai'd that was set in the beginning, and has 
been m.nntained by its managers in the past. 
The tirst president of the cor|)orati()n was John 
!\. W'heaton, who was elected to that ol'lice July 
ij, iS47. lie was succeeded by liis brothei', 
deorge W'heaton, and he in turn was succeedeil 
by (ien. William T. l^iarton, who was elected 
president m 1 S.S7, anil still hoUls that olfice. 
The tirst clerk elected was William T. Wheaton 
which occurred at the same time of the election 
of the tirst presiilent of the cor])oration The 
present clerk or secretary is I-'rank II. Champ- 
lin, who is a native of Warren, educated at its 
institutions, ami has tilled and now holds iiosi- 



L 






■^^:. 



>^>v^-: 



if 



Warren Manufacturing 

lie received his education in the ])ublic schools 
of Warren and alter lea\ing the high school he 
was identitled with the .American I'"ile Co., ot 
I'awtucket. until that concern g.ne u|> Inisiness 
and their works bec.imc a part of the plant of the 
Slater Cotton ( d 1 le entered the employ of the 
new corporation, and serxed 111 the capacity of 
bookkeeper lor abmit two years, when he was 
called to the superintendency ol the mill, in 
which capacity lie served fourteen years, ,ind 
then he w.is elected treasurer, which jxisition 
he held lor about four years, or until he was 
elected the treasurer ot the Ri\er .S|)inning Co. 
of Woonsocket, in iSyi, a ])osition which he 
still holds, .Mr, l)idwne's long ami successful 
C-\i)erience in the te.xtile businesss is a guar 



Co, Mill, Warren, R, I 

tions of honor, the gift of his townspeople 
Ho.ird ol Directors: W. d', B.iiton, tleo. Welch_ 
tdias. H. ( hild, !•". .S. Drowne, Arnold .Schaer 
.md luhvin A. C.uly. 

I'ower to] the mill is supplied by an .\. 1'. 
Allis C<i. engine ol 2,000 horse-power, and by 
se\-eral 1 leine boilers, aggregating 3,000 horse- 
]iower, and the company have their own electric 
lighting pi. lilt. A new adtlition has been built 
this year, on the north eiui of the mill, the same 
heighth of the original structure which gives it 
the apiiearance as shown in the accompanying 
cut. The addition, while in .i measure increas- 
ing the capacity of the mill, has as its chief aim 
the perfection of its [M'oduct, putting it in the 
ver\- foremost rank as to character and quality. 



AND BUSINESS MKN OF RIIoDl'. ISLAND. 



209 



WARREN, RHODE ISLAND. 

The town of Warren, R. I., which promises 
to be one of our leading manufacturing centres, 
began to builil shi])s and manufacture rope 
some time prior to the Kevohitionary War, and 
these were the first in the line of manufactures 
that the town records, although like the adjoin- 
ing town of l^ristol, she had her tide and wind 
grist mills in operation, which served the ijeojjle 
of the place for many years, most of them being 
farmers, and the grindmg of corn was one of 
the [irinciixd industries of this and all of the 
other Rhode Island towns during the early 
[leriod of their existence. In 1764 Sylvester 
("hild was the owner of a shipyard here, and he 
carried on quite an e.xtensive shi[)-building busi- 
ness. Cromwell Child began the ship-building 
business at about the same 
period, and along about 1795 
he evidently took Caleb Child 
into partnership, for they 
were the owners of a shiji- 
yard at that time, and were 
building vessels of various 
kinds. In 1812, and for some 
years after, Caleb Child was 
carrying on the business 
alone, and was building many 
ships. In 1795 Charles Whea- 
ton was operating a rope walk, 
and manufactured " cables 
and cordage of all sizes, and 
sewing twine." William Bar- 
ton and John Mill in 1800 were operating a rope 
walk in the town. In 1819 the town had two 
distilleries in full o]ieration, one turning out gin 
and the other New I'.ngland rum. Thomas 
Foster was the owner of a shipyard in 1853. 
The firm of Chase & Davis probably built the 
greatest number of vessels in a given time of 
any of the ship building concerns of Warren. 
They launched more than fifty vessels from 
1840 to 1865, the largest of which was 1500 tons 
burden. The boats built in Warren were con- 
sidered as substantial as any built in the United 
States, l^'ollowing these industries came the 
Warren Mfg. Co. which has been for many 
years and is still looked upon as the principal 
manufacturing industry of the town. When the 
mill was destroyed by fire a few years ago it 
was a great loss to the place, for it was a num- 

(14) 



ber of months before the new mill was completed 
upon the same site, and the loss of so great an 
income to the people of the village for so long a 
time was a serious setback to the town. But 
the new mill now employs ujiwards of 300 work- 
men, and is one of the most progressive manu- 
facturing concerns in the State. Since the 
building of the new mill the town has begun to 
grow extensively in the manufacturing line. 
The Cutler Mtg. Co. has been in existence here 
for some forty years or more, and has always 
been a substantial help to the place, but the 
new concerns that have begun business here 
within the past few years have given the town 
an opportunity to take long strides to the front, 
which include the Rusden Machine Co., in the 
manufacture of dyeing and bleaching machinery 
together with ship windlasses, etc., the Barker 




Cutler Street 



Front of the Cutler Mfg. Co. Plant, Warren, R. I. 

Mills, No. J, in the manufacture of cotton goods, 
one of the largest mills in this section of the 
State, the Howland & Wheaton Company 
in the manufacture of cotton handkerchiefs, 
the Bosworth h'oundry on Cutler street, and 
the Machine Shop of F. B. Bosworth & Son. 
These combine to place the town of Warren in 
a position where she can bid for other indus- 
tries, because she has machine shops and foun- 
dries to do the work that is required by textile 
concerns in the line of repairs, castings, etc.. 
and she has a water frontage that will enable 
her to re-establish the abandoned shijibuilding 
business by erecting shipyards on the harbor. 

Cutler Manufacturing Co. -Manufacturers of 
cotton hosiery yarns. Business established by 
Charles R. Cutler in 1858. Incorporated in 
1869. Capitalized for 3200,000. Mills located 



:io 



hi()(;rai'HIcai. iiisrouv oi- tiik m.\nuf.\ctuki:ks 



ill W'arrcti, 1\ . L lunploy i JO haiuls. ( )lliceis: 
Richard A. Lewis, ol l'hila(lel]ihia, I'a., I'rcsi- 
(k'tit ; l'"raiik ilail Urowii, of rrovidence, Treas- 
urer; Luther Cole, ot Warren, Secretary. 
Charles A. Cutler, the founder ot the business. 




W S. Bosworth Foundry, Warren, R. I. 

was boiii in l^allston, X. W. December lo, 
iSjj, and died in ^Llrch, iSSy. After complet- 
iiii; his education, he located in Warren, K. L, 
in 1839, followin^i;- the life of a seafaring tuan 
toi- about nineteen years, twelve years of which 
he was master of the ship in which he sailed 
twice around the world, and cruised in nearly 
all of the waters of the globe, doing a very suc- 
cessful business. He gave uj) this occupation 
in 1.S58, and that year erected a mill in Warren 
for the manufacture of cotton cordage, which 
was known as the Cutler Cortiage Mills. This 
was carried on until the opening (.if the Ci\-il 
War in 1S61, when this establishment began 
the manufacture of cotton \arns, there beinsr a 
great demand at that time for cotton goods. 
George Hail became associated with Mr. Cutler 
in i86g, and soon after a stock conijiany was or- 
ganized and incorporated under the name of the 
Cutler Manufacturitig Co., Mr. Cutler being 
elected Treasiuer and Agent, in which ca]Kicit\- 
he served for many \ears. There are three 
mill buildings, located on Cutler street, cast of 
the tr.icks ot the I'rovidence and liristol Hranch 
of the \. \'., \, 11. and Hartford Railroad. 
Mr. Cutler was elected Lieut, Crovernor of 
Rhode Island in iSjj, serving one term, lie 
was a member of the Warren Tow^n Council for 
a number of years. ]iart of the time I'resident of 
that body, and was one of the most jjrominont 
and influential men of the towir 



W. S. Bosworth. — Iron l-'ouiuler. Machinery 
castings of all kinds. Business established in 
No\ember, kjoo. ( )riginally began the foun- 
dry business in I Sy2 m the building formerly 
occui>ied as a machine shop and brass foundry 
b\' his father, on the old homestead estate, about 
two miles out of the \iilage, which was des- 
troyed by lire in .August, 1892. The jsresent 
foundry is locateil on Cutler street, in the vil- 
lage of Warren, R. 1., where about 17 work- 
men are em|)loye(-l. Walter .S, J-iosworth, the 
pro])rietor of the business, was born in the town 
of Warren, 1\. 1 , January 10, 1851. He learned 
the trade of a machinist and brass molder in his 
tather's sho[i, and after completing his trade he 
afterward worked as a joiu'neyman for the I'rovi- 
dence Tool Co., of Providence, now the House- 
hold Sewing Machine Co. After leaving this 
])lace he worked in James Brown's machine 
shop of Pawtucket, R. I., where he remained 
about four years. He then went back to his 
nati\'e town to work for the Warren Machine 
Co., and after about a year and a half the plant 
was destro)-ed by fire, and he then began the 
manufacture of wrought iron hardware for the 
Boston market, which he followed until he went 
into the foundry business in 1892. The cast- 
ings made by Mr. Bosworth are said to be as 
perfect as any made in the .State. 

Parker Mills, No. 2. Manufacturers of fine 
cotton goods. Mill locateil in Warren, R. I., 




Parker Mills, No 2, Warren, R. I. 

which was built in 1899, by the Parker Mills 
corporation ot hall Ri\er, Mass., which was 
incorporated m 1895, with a capiitalization of 
S8oo,ooo. Their P'all River mill was erectetl in 
1896, and contains 48,968 sjjindles, and their 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF KlIODK ISLAND. 



21 I 



Warren mill contains 41,344 spindles, 400 hands 
being employed in their Rhode Island mill. 
Officers: Leontine Lincoln, President; Seth 
A. Borden, Treasurer. Mill run entirely by a 
steam plant. A modern mill in every respect, 
and a great helj) to the town of Warren. 

Howland & Wheaton Co. — Manufacturers of 
cotton handkerchiefs. Business established and 
incorporated in 1898. Capitalized for $10,000. 
Factory located corner Main and Broad streets, 
Warren, R.I. Employ 50 hands. Officers: Albert 
L. Calder, 2d, President; Henry P. Howland, 
Treasurer and Manager. Mr. Howland was at the 
R. I. Bleach & Dye Works, Providence, R. I., for 
about eleven years before beginning the manu- 
facture of handkerchiefs. The factory is equijiped 
with modern machinery, and their production is 



C. E. & F. E. Sullaway.— Manufacturers of 
all kinds of button findings, including seamless 
balls of all shapes, levers, etc. Also manu- 
facture collar buttons in rolled gold and electro 
plate. Business established in 1898 as Colvin 
& Sullaway, and in 1899 V. E. Sullaway became 
a partner in the place of Mr. Colvin, when the 
firm name was changed to C. ]{. & F. K. Sull- 
away. F. E. Sullaway died in November, 1900, 
and Charles E. Sullaway became the sole pro- 
prietor. He is a native of Providence, where he 
was born January 24, 1854. He learned the 
jewelry findings business of the George H. Ful- 
ler & Son Co. of Pawtucket, where he worked 
for twenty-three years. He then became fore- 
man for D. A. White & Co., of Attleboro, Mass., 
where he remained for two years and then be- 




Plant of the Howland & Wheaton Co., Warren, R. I. 

as fine a line of goods as are produced in New gan business in Providence on his own account. 

England. A part of the factory was built some His present plant is located at 157 Orange street, 

fifty years ago, and was used as a jewelry manu- Providence. 

factory for a few years, the name of the firm be- William H. Sheldon Estate. — Manufacturer 

ing Smith, Dean & Eddy. Along about 1S80 of wooden bu.xes and builders' materials. Works 

the factory was enlarged and occupied by the located in Pascoag, R. I. One of the most ex- 

Inman Mfg. Co., manufacturers of shoe strings, tensive wood working shops and planing mills 

The Howland & Wheaton Co. purchased the in the State. The business has been under the 

factory in 1898 and established their present management of Mr. Manning Wood since the 

business. Messrs. Howland & Wheaton are death of Mr. Sheldon. 

young men of marked business ability, and their American Pickling Co. — Manufacturers of 

management of the affairs of the corporation pickles, ketchup, mustards, etc. Business estab- 

has made the business a great credit to the town lished by John B. Trottier and Stanislaus Four- 

of Warren. The factory is supplied with power nier. Office and packing rooms 12 to 22 Lons- 

by a complete modern steam plant. A part of dale avenue, Providence. Mill at 12 Beverly 

the lower floor is leased for a machine shop and street. Also carry on the baking business at 

printing ol'fice. 4 Dike street. 



21 . 



IU()(,K.\1'1IKA1. 



ilMnm ()|- llll-, MANTFACTUKKKS 



J. W. Grant Chain Co. Maiuifacturers of 
rolled gold chains, ami sterling silver bracelets 
and ladies' chain. Business established in July. 
1872. by J. W. (Irant ^^ Co. Works located at 
J5 Calender street, I'rovidence. Incorporated 
in May, lyoo. Cai)italized for Sio.ooo. Officers : 
loseph \V. (Irant. Treasurer; ICverett Cross- 
man, -Secretary. Joseph W. (Irant. who estab- 
lished the business, is one of the \-eteran jewelry 
manufacturers nt the city ol I'mvidence. He 
was born in Cumberland. R. I., August 10, 1X33. 
1 le began the trade that he has followed through 
life in 1855. lie first went to work tor J. II. 
Sturdy iv C'o., of 
Wren t ham, Mass., 
where he remained 
about three years. 
He then was em 
]i]()yed b\' I'aid vv 
I'"airbanks. j e wel ry 
m a n u f ac t u rer s of 
Xewburvpi irt, Mass.. 
where he remained 
one year; then located 
in Central h'alls. K. 
I., in the employ of 
riuubcr & Moies tor 
a few months. ihis 
was in i.Sdj. I Ic lelt 
the jewelry business 
and eidisted in the 
ijth Rhotlc Island 
Regiment, serving at 
the front ten months. 
Returning home he 
was employetl by 1 1. 
F. H;irrows & Co., (jI 
North Attleboro, and 
later by Robinson & 
Co., of .South Attlebori), M;iss., where he re- 
mained two years. He ne.xt served two years 
with the Whiting Mtg. to, of North Attleboro, 
;uid with II. !•". Harrows iS; Co. again for three 
years. He then w.is em]iloyed for a few months 
by Draper, I'ate iK: Haile)-, of Xorth .\ttleboro, 
after w-hich he located in I'rovidence. where he 
worked for A. < ). ii.dser and I'ayton is: Ihiwkins 
for about two \e,ns, which brought his working 
career up to i.Sjj, when he concluded he would 
manufacture on his own .account, and the firm of 
J, W. (iiant i\: Co. was organized and carried 
along un<ler that name until the incorjioration of 
the business in 1900 as the J. W.Cirant Chain Co. 




E. S. McLaughlin & Co. Manufactiuers of 
a general line of electro-plated jewelry, Busi- 
ness established in 18S9 in the city of I'awtucket, 
and after carrying on the business there fijr a 
few years they moved their plant to I'rovidence, 
locating on .Stewart street, but soon after moved 
to the present location at 157 Orange street, 
luiiploy about 50 hands. l-;dw:ird .S. Mci.augh- 
Im, (ieneral M.inager. 

Hamilton & Hamilton, Jr. — .Manufacturers of 
a great variety of gold filled chains, sterling 
silver goods, etc. Business established in 1871 
by R. S. Hamilton, Ralph S. Hamilton and 

George C. Hunt. I'.m- 
]5loy about 175 haiuls. 
Works located at 7 
Eddy street, i'rovi- 
dence. 

American Ball Co. 

— Manidacturers of 
steel balls for ball 
bearings. Business 
actively established 
in 1 90 1. Incor])orat- 
ed in 1900. Works 
located at the corner 
of I^agle street and 
Kinsley a v e n u e , 
l'ro\'idence. ( )tficers: 
W. I'enn Mather, 
of the (Jueen Dyeing 
Co, President; W. 
S. Friedlander, \'ice- 
I'resiilent; William 
r. E y e r , Treas- 
urer a n d .S e c r e - 
t,ii\'. .\bout 00 hands 
aie now^ emplo\ed 
h\ the company. 
Combination Overall and Garment Co. Man- 
ufacturers of [latent overalls, cycle suits, 
pajamas, etc. Business established in 1901 by 
|. M. Welch and M. \. Cartier. Incorporated 
\n 1901. Capitalized for 325,000. haiiploy 25 
hands. Works located at 22} Harrison street, 
I'rovidence. (Jtficers: John M. Welch, I'resi- 
dent; .M. N. Cartier, Treasurer. 

Welch & Co.- -.Manufacturers of lace and knit 
curtains, art goods, and dry goods spcci.ilties. 
Business established in 1898 by J. M. Welch. 
Incorporated in 1899. Cajiitalized for 550,000. 
I-aiiploy 50 hands. Works located at 223 Harri- 
son street, I'rovidence. John M. Welch, President. 



Joseph W. Grant. 



AND HUSIXKSS MKN OV RHOUK ISLAND. 



213 



EiRISTOL. RHODE ISLAND. 



Outside of its ship building interests, cotton 
goods and rubber productions of recent years, 
the town of Bristol has not been known as much 
of a manufacturing centre. The town has, how 
ever, had its share of work in heljiing to make 
up a creditable manufacturing record for the 
State of Rhode Island. Like nearly all of the 
other Rhode Island towns, Bristol began with 
her grist mills, and for want of water power, 
she made use of the strong breezes that came 
hurrying over Mt. Hope Hay from old ( )cean, 
by numerous wind mills that were erected in 
different parts of the town, the first of which 
appears to have been built about 1680 by Major 
John VValley. In 1707 or 1709 Col. Bytield 



when Bourne & Wardwell built the fourth one 
where the NanK|uit Mill now stands. At one 
time there were five distilleries in Bristol turn- 
ing molasses into rum, which was shipped to 
Africa, and which tradition says was used to 
])ay for slaves which were brought over to Cuba 
and sold in the Southern States. I"'or many 
years this was one of the most important indus- 
tries of the town. There were tanneries located 
in the town, which did c]uite a large business. One 
was located on Tanyard Lane, now Woodland 
avenue, and another on the water front on the 
site now occupieil by the ilerrcshoff Mfg. Co. 
I'hilo \'. Cady and James .Stetson manufactured 
cigars in the town for a number of years. Oil 
works for the refining of whale oil existed here 
in 1830 and for many years afterwards, where 




Water Front and Harbor, Bristol, R. I. 

built a grist mill, which was a tide-mill on the sperm candles were also manufactured. William 
Papoosestiuaw Road. Wind mills have been B. Spooner afterwards refined ]ietroleum. A 
made use of in grinding Bristol corn from that sugar refinery was established on Thames street, 
time on until as late as 1850, Thomas Lindsay where the oil works were located, and Norris 
being the last owner of such a mill, which was 
situated on Fort ilill, about a half mile from 
the centre of the present village of Bristol. 
Along about 1740 rope walks began to be estab- 
lished here, the first walk being the public 
street. In 1747 Peck & Potter were the owners 
of a large rojie walk, but Tilley's walk on Wood 
street was the largest of all, employing some 



& Barnes were the first owners in 1849. The 
business was later sold out to another com])any 
which enlarged the plant, and later the works 
were carried on under the name of the Pheni.x 
Sugar Refinery, ojierating the ])lant as late as 
1870. The same building was sold to the Provi- 
dence Shade Roller Co. which carried on the 
shade roller business for a few years and then 



seventy hands. Samuel Sparks was the owner closed the factory, which is now occupied by 

of the last rope walk, which was located on the Bristol County (jas and Electric Co. Major 

Constitution street. Some time prior to the .\mbrose K. Burnside began the manufacture of 

beginning of the rf)pe manufacture, a distillery breech-loading rifles in Bristol, antl the works 

had been erected in the town, and a second one being destroyed by fire he erected a building 

had been built in 1751. Prior to 1792 a third on Burnside street, which afterwards became 

still had been established on Thames street, the pro])erty of the Herreshoff Mfg. Co. The 



J14 lilOc.KAl'llICAI. lllSroRN' ol' TIIIC M AN U FACTL' RI'.RS 

mamilacture of rilics closed about 1857. Butts, built that have successfully defended the 

hinges and castings wore made here in the town America's I'uj) for many years, which include 

from 1S44 to 1.S5J. The oakum works, which the Vigilant, Defender, Columbia and ("onstr 

were located on what is now Munro avenue, tution. The Constitution, which was built to 

were burned in 1S5S The I'okanoket Cotton defend the America's Cup against Sir Thomas 

Mills were built in 1839 and burned in 1856. l.ipton's Shamrock II., Kjoi, did not develoj) 

Capt. lohn Xorris was the treasurer of the com- enough s|)eed to outsail the Columljia during 

pany and thev manutactured cotton goods. The the trial races off Newport, and conseejuently 

mill was rebuilt and sold to the Reynolds Mlg. the Columbia was again chosen by the Com- 

Co., which company made sheetings, and was mittee of the New \'ork N'acht Club to defend 

afterwards turnetl into a \arn mill. The factory the cup a second time. It is the belief among 

is now owned by the Cranston Worsted Mills, yachtsmen that the reason the Constitution did 

Shipbuilding has for a number of years been not develop more speed was owing to her bad 

one of the miportant industries. Among the suit of sails. She outsailetl the Columbia on 

early owners ot shijjyards were Stanton & several occasions, but the Columbia proved the 

Skinner and Thompson Brothers, who built better boat in the series of trial races. The 

schooners, brigs and barges. Later the Her- coni])any have built a large number of yachts 

reshoffsand Saunders iS: West have brought the of various sizes, that have become famous for 

business down to the ]iresent year, although the their speed. They have also built torpedo boats 

latter concern has removed to Warren, R. I. tor the C. S. Covernment. 

Both concerns have built some remarkable boats, Cranston Worsted Mills.— Manufacturers of 
but the llerreshoffs ha\'e gi\en the town and worsted, nmhair and novelty yarns. Business 
.State a world witle reputation for building the estal.)lished in Cranston, R. I., in 1886 and in- 
fastest yachts that have ever been produced at corporated the same year. Capitalized for 
home or abroad, and their torpedo boats and Sioo,ooo. Mills now located on Thames street 
cr.ilts of (ithei- kinds ha\c [imven eipially fast and the harbor front, in Bristol, R. I. b.mploy 
for their class. l-'ollowin,:; these came the Joo hands. Officers: J. Howard Manchester, 
National India Rubber Co., which was estab- President; C. I^. Rockwell, Treasurer; W. I.- 
lishcd bv fix (io\'einor Bourn in i S()4. the larg- Manchester, .Secretary. Charles B. Rockwell, 
est manufacturing plant in the town. The the Treasurer of the company, is a native ot 
Nami|uit Mill, established about 1 S.to, the By- West Winsted. Conn., where he was born in 
field Rubber Co., and the Cranston Worsted September, 1S48. After carrying on the Inisi- 
.Mdls. which, with the shi|j yards of the Herres- ness in Cranston for about hve years, .Mr. Rock- 
hoffs, make the town one of our principal manu- well ])urcli;ised the mill property in Bristol, 
tacturing centres. which had been idle for some ten years, iind ex- 
Herreshoff Manufacturing Co. — Builders of tensive improvements were begun to make the 
steam yachts, torpedo bo, its, launches, high |)lant as com|)lete as any yarn mill in the coun- 
speed marine engines, and tubular biulers. liusi- trv. In July, iSijj, their Cranston plant was re- 
ness established in i8(ji. Incoipoiated in 1879. moved to their new jkistol factory, and new 
Mmploy about 250 hands when the works are machinery was added to eipii]) the mill through- 
running to their full extent. ( )fricers: John B. out, which was the latest and most up-to-date 
llerreshoff, I'resitlent and Treasurer; .N. (]. yarn machinery made. .\n improved Creene 
iierreshoff, .Superintendent; C. W. \'oung. engine of 400 horse power was jiut in to furnish 
.Secretary. Works located in Bristol. R. I. the jiower for the plant, ;ind e\er_\- other appli- 
The machine shops and designing rooms, which ance was added th.it shoidtl m.ike the works 
occupy three laige buildings ;i few hundred U'et com])lete in every p;irlicular. 1 he m.anage- 
fnim the harbor fiont, are thoroughly eipiipped mcnt have made a specialty of tancy yarns tor 
with all kinds of macliineiy .md every .appliance ovei twenty years, m. iking everything from the 
necessary in the maniifactme ot bo. its and r.iw m.iterial to the tinisheil product, dyed and 
marine engines and boilers. There are two put up in an\' form desired by manulacturers. 
Large boat iiouses or erecting sho])s on the liar and m. iking yarns onl)-. In this feature of the 
bor, where all of the famous yachts have been business this concern stands alone in the United 



AND BUSINESS MKN OF RIIODI'; ISLAND. 



21! 



States to-day, and without a single competitor, 
fully equipped in every respect. On the regu- 
lar lines of worsted and mohair yarns, in 
white and colors, they compete with the 
trade of the country, and were awarded a 
medal and diploma at the World's Fair in 
Chicago for their e.xhibit of worsted, mohair 
and novelty yarns. 

The original factory built u]ion this site was 
erected along about 1840, and was known as 
the I'okanoket Steam Mills, their product bemg 
cotton goods, and some years afterwards the 



used, but gradually new uses were found, and 
fabrics were produced which offered all the ad- 
vantages of service with peculiarly miprovcd 
style, so that to-day no line of goods woven for 
outside wear is complete that is not very largely 
made up of material composed wholly or in part 
of worsted. I'he combed yarn permits of so 
much more perfect effects in weaving, the colors 
are so clear, the wearing qualities are so much 
increased, that worsted goods stand at the 
head wherever style, finish and durability are 
sought for. 







Cranston Worsted Mills, Thames Street and Harbor Front, Bristol, R. I. 



mills were run by the Reynold's Mfg. Co., also 
manufacturers of cotton goods. The mills now 
have a floor space of about 60,000 square feet, 
and it is one of the best textile plants in the 
State. 

The use of worsted and mohair yarns in the 
manufacture of goods for mens and women's 
wear has become the regular practice, where 
twenty to thirty years ago it was almost wholly 
unknown. I'^abrics used for linitigs, coni])Osed 
of a cotton warj) and worsted filling, were 
among the first where worsted and mohair were 



Henry A. Keech Co. — Manufacturer of paper 
bo.ves and canvas and imitation grain dress suit 
and extension cases. Business established in 
1899. Works located in Valley I-'alls, K. 1 , in 
the Reach & Brown bactory. Henry A. Keech 
was born in Dudley, Mass., Sept. j8, 1872. He 
learned the [)aper box manufacturing business 
of A Kingsbury & Son, of Willimantic, Conn., 
now of South Coventry, Conn. He was mana- 
agerof the I'utnam Box Corporation, of I'utnam, 
Conn., for about seven years before establishing 
the present business. 



:2i6 



UK xiU.M'llKAl, IIISTORN' Ol' Till'; M AX n'A( "11 ' K I, RS 



The E. M. Dart Mfg. Co. -Manufacturers 
of Patented S|)ecialties, ( Jllk-e and l'"actory 
I y> Clilford street, I'r()\-ideni'e. K. I. This 




E. M. Datt, 

liusiness was Inunded in iS(i5 !))• 1{. M. l)art, 
wlio continued it until iSi)4, when the present 
company was nrL;ani/e(L The pinduct of this 
iiidnstr\' is the well known I )art i'atent-Self 
I .uhricatiui; Stoji ('ocks loi steam, j;as, water, 
oil, etc., ,<;as tixtme a]ipliances ot a sujierior 
tpiality, steam i;liie heaters, l)art I'atent I'nion 
CoLi])linL';s, tlaniies ot all kinds, and elbow 
unions, made in all the tlilferent sizes and 
forms ro(piire(l by the users of such articles. 
This com])any occupies a part o| the building 
located on Chestnut, Ship and (lilTord streets 
and numbered i V> "H the last named street; the 
ofticers consist of !■;. M. Iiait, I'resiilent and 
Manager; (ieorge H. (hamplin. Treasurer; 
J. Milton ( lotf, Secretar)'. About lifty persons 
are em])loyed The l''airl)anks Co., 311 J^road- 
way, New \'ork, aie their i)rinci|)al sales agents 
in the Cnited .States, and sole export agents. 
The business has been ])rogressive, and is lutw 
well established, with an increasing yearly trade. 
S. B. Champlin Co. Manufacturers of solid 
gold stone rmgs, and ,i;ol<i tilled I'hain. Business 
established by .Stanton H. .and ( leorge 1!. Cham]i- 
lin in iS/j on I^lm street, corner luidy, and 



after the death of .Stanton H. Champlin in iJSyj 
the business was incor|)orated in 1 .SyO uiuler the 
name of the .S. ]5. Champlin Co., and capitalized 
for 575,000. \\'orks located in the Cham[)lin 
I'uiildiiig, 1 Hi Chestnut street, Providence, i'aii- 
ploy 50 hands. Officers: ( ieorge 15. Chamiilin, 
I'resident and Tieasurer; l-'.dwin R. Knight, Jr., 
.Secretai)'. Mr. Knight is a nati\e of Warwick, 
1\. I., where he was born December iS, 1866. 
lie bacame a member of the comi^any in 1896. 
Mr. Ch.amplin who is also a member of the Dart 
Manufacturing Co., is a native of the city of 
Providence, where he was born .September 11, 
1S51. 

Champlin Building, Chestnut street. — The 
Champlin ISuilding, which is located at the junc- 
t ion ot ( lilfoid, .Shi]i and ( hestnut streets, Prov- 
idence, with new addition just completed, is one 
ol the l.irgest and most substantial manufac- 
turing structuies in the cit)- ilevoted princi])ally 
to the jewelry iiulustr\'. I'he main [lortion of 
the Iniilding was erected in i SSS by S. B. Cham- 
plin vK; .Son, which contained about 19,500 square 
teet ot floor space. si.\ stories, and equipped 
with a good combination passenger and freight 




George B Cliamptin 

elevator. I'lion the death ol .Stanton 15. Cham- 
plin November 1(1. 1S1J5, his son, Ceorge H. 
Champlin, became the sole owner of the build- 



AM) lUISIM'lSS Mi:X OF KHODK ISLAM). 



217 



ing, and this year, 1901, he has completed an 
addition the full height of the old building, 
which contains about the same amount of floor 
space, making a total of 39,000 scjuare feet. 
The.;structure is built of heavy timbers and 
thick walls, so as to provide ample strength for 
heavy manufacturing. Power for the works is 
supplied by a fifty horse power Marris-Corliss 



and muslin shirt waists, business established 
in Valley Falls, R. I. Employ about 150 hands. 
Ihe only manufactory of the kind in the State. 
Power supplied by an Armington & Sims 50 
horse power engine. Have their own electric 
lighting plant. The members of the firm are 
Walter K. Reach and Moses M. Hrown, the lat- 
ter gentleman being a native of X'alley Palls. 





Champlin Building, Clifford, Ship & Chestnut Streets, Providence, R. I. 



engine, and a Bigelow boiler of eighty horse 
power. The building is occupied by the S. B. 
Chamjilin Co., Read & Lincoln, S. K. Merrill 
& Co., Pldwin Lowe & Co., and the Dart Manu 
facturing Co. The increased size will admit 
of several new concerns or an increase for the 
present occupants. 

Keach & Brown. — Manufacturers of muslin 
underwear, muslin curtains, flannelettegarments, 



Mott Covering Co. — Manufacturers of the 
Mott patent asbestos and magnesia coverings 
for steam pipes, boilers, etc. PVank H. Mott, 
[iroprietor. lie began business in i88y as a 
partner in the Manville Co\ering Co. He sold 
his interest in this coni]xuiy and organized the 
jiresent business, his ])Iant being located at 157 
Orange street, Providence. Also dealer in pure 
asbestos and magnesia cement. 



2I8 



iU()(;R.\rnicAi. history oi- riii-: manuI'Acturkrs 



River Spinning Co. - Mainitacturers of tine 
wot)l and merino yarns on the l'"rench system. 
Husiness establishetl in 1891 by W. I'', and 1*'. C. 
Sayles and others. Incorporated the same year. 
Capitalized for $250,000. ICmploy 150 hands. 
l'"actory locateil corner of Kendrick avenue and 
Drowne street, W'oonsocket, R. I. Officers: 
!•". C". Sayles, President ; !•". S. Drowne, Treas- 
urer; Andrew Adie, Agent. Frank S Drowne, 
the Treasurer of the company, is a native of 
Wai'ien, R. I., where he was born .\o\ember 5, 



for about six years. He came to America in 
1S93, 'Ti'l was employed as selling agent of the 
River Spinning Company. In 1S96 he was 
elected Agent of the company and still holds 
that position. The mill property covers about 
ten acres, with a floor space of about 110,000 
square feet. The factory is equipped with the 
most modern l-"rench, English and American 
machinery, producing yarns from 15 cut to 60 
cut, the mill being specially adajHed for fine 
numbers in pure white, solid colors and mi.\- 








PUiiU of the River Spuming Co., Woon.socliet, R. I. 



1842. He was elected Trcisurcr u[)on the in- 
corporatiim of the company. He is also Treas- 
urer of the Warren Manuf.icturing Company, 
and has devoted the greater iiart of his life to the 
te.xtile manufacturing business. Andrew Adie, 
the Agent of the company, is a nati\e of Dollar, 
.Scotland, where he was born December 2},. 
1X67. He com[)leted his education in theI)ol- 
lar .\cademy, and entereit " l.)e\'ondale," in 
TillicouUrv. one of the oldest established and 
leading textile concerns in Scotland, to learn 
the woolen textile business. Here he remained 



tiires, in merino and wool. A special feature ot 
this [jlant is its adaiHability to make line wool 
spun compound cotton mi.xtures, suitable lor 
the manufacture of tine cotton goods, tor shirt- 
ings, dre•^s goods, etc. Power for the plant is 
supplied b\' a ,iOO horse powei' Harris-Corliss 
engine, with auxili.uy power tor the pre[.),ira- 
tor\' de[)aitinent, where the scouring, carboniz- 
ing and dyeing is done. The plant as a whole 
is thoidiighl v eipiipped with e\eiy modern de 
\ice tor makmg it a complete establishment m 
the way of heating, lighting, circulation and 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODI': ISLAND. 



219 



sanitary provision. The mill is one of the most Lonsdale and learned the trade of a machinist. 
attractive in the State and is conveniently remaining four years, and here he sowed the 



located to the tracks of the N. Y., N. II. and 
H. Railroad, thereby affording the best of ac- 
commodations for shipping and receiving goods. 

Miller Press & Machine Co. — Manufacturers 
of rotary steam cloth presses, for pressing all 
kinds of woven fabrics and felts. Business es- 
tablished by (ieorge W. Miller in 1872 in the 



seed of an inventor. lie went back to Woon- 
socket and was employed at the Woonsocket 
Iron Foundry until icSfjf. In this year he 
started a repair shoj), and after a year Mr. 
Joseph Banigan became a partner. This co-part 
nership continued for one year, and then Mr. 
Miller bought out Mr. Banigan's interest. 



old wooden building which is now a part of the After continuing the business 18 months, he 
Glenark Knitting Co.'s works at Woonsocket sold the entire plant and business to the Woon- 
l""alls. Incorporated in 1898. Capitalized for socket Rubber Company, and was employed by 
^25,000. Works now located at 113 I-'ront the company as master mechanic until 1879. 
street, Woonsocket, R. I. I-'.mploy 14 hands. That year he started his present business and 
Officers; John J. 
Miller, Presi- 
dent and Mana- 
ger; George W. 
Miller, Treas- 
urer and Secre- 
tary. John J. 
Miller was born 
in Woonsocket. 
R. I., March 17, 
1859. 1 Iclearned 
the trade of a 
machinist of his 
father, and worked for him 
as manager of the works 
until the incorporation of 
the business in i8g8, when 
he became a stockholder, 
and upon the death of his 
father he was elected Presi- 
dent and .Manager of the 
corporation. George W. 
Miller, Jr., was born in 
Woonsocket, R. I., in 1867. 
holder in the corporation in 1898, and upon the ness and that of the Woonsocket Machine and 




The Miller Steam Rotary Cloth Press. 
He became a stock- continuetl along alone until 1884. when his busi- 



death of his father he was elected Treasurer 
and Secretary of the corporation. 

(ieorge W. Miller, the founder of the busi- 
ness, was born in Erfelden-on-the-Rhine, in the 
State of Ilessendarmstadt. Germany, March 19, 
1839. died November 23, 1899. lie was born a 
farmer boy, and came to America in 1857, at 



Press Company were consolidated under the 
latter name. This co-|>artnership continued 
until 1891, when he withtlrew from the com- 
pany, and since carried on business under the 
name of The Miller I'ress and Machine Co. 
He brought to the new company the same en- 
ergetic spirit that aided so much in advancing 



the age of 18 He was first employed in the the interests of the former company, and the re- 
mill of the Woonsocket Company, which was suit has been success from the beginning, 
owned by i'hilip Allen. He worked there Mr. Miller's sons are young men of enterprise, 
under Samuel and Paul (ireen. manufacturers and they are endeavoring to maintain the same 
of sheetings, for si.\ years, and was for a time high standard in the manufacture of these 
second hand in the carding room. He went to presses that their father establisheti. 



220 



Hit x.RAI'llICAI, IllSlOKN' Ol- 1111: MA M ' 1'"ACTL'R1';RS 



Geo. W. Voelker & Co. Manufacturers ol 
the X'oelker rotary cloth presses, dewing ma- 
chinery, cloth roll trucks, burling tables, clear- 
ing and brushing ni.ichinery. lousiness estab 
lished in 1S9J. Works located rear 65 L'nion 
street. Woonsocket, R I. ( ieo. W . X'oclker 
was born in Woonsocket, R. 1., July 18, 1S55 
When he was two )-ears of age his parents nio\-ed 
to Indiana, where he was brought up, receiving 
his education in the public schools. He learned 
the trade of a carpenter and in i Sjii came back 
to the pl;ice of his nativity anil engageil with 
the Ilautin Sewing Machine C"o. Here he ob- 
tained his first experi 
ence in the machuic 
business. He after 
wards engaged with 
<;. W- Mdler .K- Co., 
tr.neling among the 
woolen manufacturers 
selling .md erecting 
some oi the hrst ro 
tary cloth presses, 
cdled the .Springhorn 
^S: Haush, Ihey ha\ iug 
rebuilt a press which 
was imported fnim 
< icrman)-, the same 
construction ha \- i ng 
been jjatented here m 
iN^5 by Mr. H.tilev ot 
.\mesbury, .Mass. The 
m.ichine had (Uie bed, 
and one ccuitact, the 
l)ressu re being obtained 
hy compound le\erage. 
In i.Xijj Mr. \oelker 
began manufacturing 
his rotar)- chith ]iress which is his specialty. 
He in\-ented se\eral ])arts that he believes have 
placed this jjress where it can do the finest work 
th.it it is |)ossible to m,d<e, producing an even 
finish the full width <if the cloth and maintain 
ing the same under an\- pressuie. The most 
important nnprovement in the X'oelker cloth 
press is the two presscr beds, each ha\-ing two 
contacts with the cloth as it [lasses through the 
machine around the i)iinder, one bed l.ieing 
tixed, the other movable with the cylinder, the 
pressure being thereby automatic and jiositively 
equ;di/ed in four ])iiints of inntait on two 
prosser beds each. I'oiistructed with two arcs of 




George W. Voefl<er. 



the same diameter, but greater than the 
diameter of the cylinder. Mr. Voelker is the 
inventoi' of this important improvement and the 
sole manufacturer of a cloth press with four 
[loints of contact, the [)resses that have been 
made heretofore pro\'iding for one and two 
points ol contact onl\', the original ])ress being 
m.'ide with only one ])oint where the cloth was 
[.pressed as it jiasscd through the machine. As 
the X'oelker ])ress does four times the work that 
the orignial press did, the value of the improve- 
ment can readilv be seen. Hoth beds of this 
machine, as well as the cybniler, are hollow and 

are heated by steam. 
The machine is simple 
in construction, there 
being no worms, worm 
wheels, or bevel gears 
on the pressure-impart- 
ing mech.mism. The 
pressuie is obtained 
!>)• a series of \'ertical 
levers and toggle-links 
opeiatecl b\- c.ims. The 
X'oelker dewing ma- 
chine, tor dampening 
woolen, worsted and 
cotton fabrics, before 
ani.1 after pressing, was 
[latented by .Mr. X'oel- 
ker I*"ebruary 28, 1899, 
•md is consetpiently 
cuie of the latest im- 
proved machiuesot this 
kind. The machine is 
simple in construction, 
and reipiiics no watei 
pressiu'e, pumps, blow- 
ers, filters, jiressure gauge, (U' nozzle, the dew 
bemg made by centrifugal force. The mois- 
ture recpiired can be regulated to ';: ounce to 
the v.ird, ;ind the change can be made in less 
than ti\e seconds. These machines, together 
with his cloth [iresses, are used extensively 
thmughout the cmuitry where textile manufac- 
turing is carried on. The ]ilaut where these 
machines are made is equi|iped with modern 
machiuei)-, ,ind the latest devices for handling 
the hea\ \' p. 11 Is while in course of construction. 
National Pile Fabric Co. — Manufacturers of 
corduroys, cotton dress goods, shirtings, etc. 
i5usiness established in iSgQand incorporated 



AND BUSINESS MKN OF RllODl'; ISLANH. 



221 



in 1901. Capitalized for S 100,000. W'oiks 
located corner of Pond and East School streets, 
Woonsocket, R. I. Employ about 60 hands. 
Officers: J. M. R. Taylor, President; William 
Maertens, Treasurer and Secretary. A 100 
horse power Corliss engine supplies the power 
for the plant, and their own dynamo furnishes 
electric lights. James M. R. Taylor, the (Jen- 
eral Manager of the business, was born in 
Providence, June 2, 1866. He learned the 



J. Kenworthy & Co.— Manufacturers of brush 
machinery and tool work. Also does pattern 
making in wood and steel. Business established 
in 1897 John Kenworthy was born in Woon- 
socket, R. I., Dec. 24, 1844. Learned the trade 
of a machinist in Woonsocket, and labored as 
a journeymen for a number of years in various 
I)laces, among them being the Morse Twist 
Drill Co., of New Bedford, the Taft-Pcirce Mfg. 
Co., of Woonsocket, and others. 




Voelker Rotary Cloth Press. Geo. 

manufacturing business in the mills of the 
Lorraine Manufacturing Company of Paw- 
tucket, where he was em|)loyed for some 
si.xteen years, beginning in the picker room 
and working up through all of the depart- 
ments of the factory, until he was finally 
given full charge of the designing, in 
which capacity he was serving when he 
left to start in business on his own account in 
Woonsocket. 



W. Voelker & Co., Woonsocket, R. I. 

S. S. Getchell & Son. — ^Lanufacturers of tin- 
ware for factories, including tin cylinders, etc. 
Works located on South Main street, Woon- 
socket, R. I. Seth S. (ietchell was born in 
Wells Depot, Maine. Located in Woonsocket 
and established the tin manufacturing business 
in 1870. Herbert E. Getchell is a native of 
Woonsocket, where he was born December 21, 
1872. He became a partner with his father in 
1894. 



HinCkAI'llIC.M. HlSl OR^■ i )1 



.MAXIM-ACT 



:i:k.s 



Lafayette Worsted Co. Manutacturcrs of 
worstcil yarns, I'reiK'h system. lUisiiiess estab 
lished i.'^yg, ami incorporated the same year. 
Capitalized for $350,000. l'"actory located in 
Hamlet. Woonsocket, R. I. ()tficers: M. 
.Simonis, President; P. Mali, Treasurer; Charles 
l)e\-ine, .Secretary. Mr. .Simonis is a nati\e of 
X'erviers. Helgium. P. Mali is a native of \'er- 
\iers. liel^dum, and is the Peli^ian Consul (ien- 
eral to the Cnited Stales, whose head(|uarters 
.ire in New ^'ork city. .Mr. Dexine is a native 



George A. Metcalf. — Maiudacturer ot cotton 
and woolen machinery, steam and <;asolene en- 
gines, model work, etc. J5usiness established 
in iSStj. Works located in Woonsocket, K. I., 
on Park avenue. (leorge.\. .Metcalf was born 
in U.xbridge, .Mass., June 10, i'S55. Learned 
the traile of a machinist in Worcester. Is a 
thorough meihanical engineer. 

U. S. Rubber Co. Wool Boot Department. 

Manufacturers of wool boots which are made 
to lit into .1 kind of rubber arctic for lumber 




Voelker Dewing Machine Geo. W. Voellcer & Co , Woonsocket, R. I. (."^te p.ige 220. 



of l''rance. A large nundier of the empknes mcti, cti 
of this factory are natives of h'rance. 

E. J. Prue & Co. — Manufacturers of knit 
goods, including undershirts, mittens and 
gloves. Business established in 1.S9.J as Prue ^: 
.Stiles. .Mr. Stiles later disposing of his interest, 
the tirm name became ]•".. J. Prue & Co. Mr. 
I''rank |. Prue is a iKitive of Woonsocket, where 
he carries on ;i gents' furnishings store in con- 
nection with his manufacturing. I'"aclory lo- 
cated on .South M:un street, near Woonsocket 
h'alls. 



hisiness established about iH'J/- 
Works l(Hatcd on South Main street, Woon- 
socket, R. I. lunploy about J75 hands. Ceorge 
C Wetmore, jr., Treasurer of this branch of 
the ciim]ian\'. 

Naushon Company. —Manufacturers of cotton 
cloth. Pusiness established June i. njtii, and in- 
corporated May 4, 1901. Factory located in 
Woonsocket, R'. \. Panjiloy 200 hands. Con- 
template building a new factory in 1902, in \'al- 
ley l''alls. ()l'ticers: Malcolm (i. Chase, Presi- 
dent; (ieorge C. Hinckley, Secretary and 
Treasurer. 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



223 



William A. Harris Steam Engine Co. — Manu- Mr. Sims, who was so long identitied with Arm- 

factiirers of the Harris-Corliss steam engine, ington & Sims, manufacturers of the Armington 

and the Armington & Sims high speed engine. & Sims high-sjjeed steam engine, which has 

Business established by William A. llarrisin won so wide a reputation for certain class of 

i.S()4, in the old (iovernor Dorr headc|uarters on work among manufacturers, is giving to the 

ICddy street, where he remained until Novem- company his extensive e.xperience as an en- 

ber, 1 868, wiien he moved his plant to the cor- gineer, thereby guaranteeing the best class of 

ner of Park and I'romenade streets, in the city construction work that can [xissibly be secured 

of Providence, where the business is located at in the line of steam engine building. William 

the present time. Business incor])orated in A. Harris, Jr., the President of the corporation, 

1888, with a capitalization of $100,000 Reor- was born in Pro\idence, Jiuie 22, 1872. P>ed- 

gani/ed January (, 1901. Officers: William A. erick A.W.Harris, the \'ice-President of the 

Harris, Jr., President ; Frederick A. W. Harris, concern, was born in I'rovidence, August 22, 

\'ice-President ; l-l. I'rancis Crowell, Secretary 1864; both are sons of the loutuler of the busi- 

and Treasurer ; Gardiner C. Sims, Superintend- ness and l)oth are graduates of 15rown Univer- 



ing luigineer. William A. 
iiarris, the founder of the 
business, was born in Wood- 
stock, Conn., March 2, 1835. 
After completing his edu- 
cation in the public schools, 
and in the private school of 
South Williamstown, Mass., 
he was engaged as a clerk 
in 1852 in the Union Bank 
of Providence, where lie re- 
mained until 1855, when he 
entered the employ of the 
I'rovidence F'orge and Nut 
Co., now the Rhode Island 
Tool Co, as a draftsman. 
In April of the following 
year he entered the drafting 
room of Corliss & Nightin- 
gale, afterwards the Corliss 
Steam F^ngine Co., where 
he remained until 1864, when he began manu- ice for family trade. Flmploy about 55 hands, 
facturing steam engines on his own account. The ]30wer for the jilant is supplied by two De 
His [jroductions became very popular, demands la \"ergne refrigerating machines with a capa- 
for the Harris-Corliss engines being received city of 75 tons each, the engines rejjresenting 
from nearly all the manufacturing countries, 125 horse power each. There are also two 
and to-day they are in use in nearly all parts of Harris-Corliss engines and five small vertical 
the globe. Mr. Harris was a member of the engines, together with a 40 horse power Ridge- 
City Council of Providence, and was a member way high sjieed engine for the electrical plant, 
of the House of Representatives from 1883 to all of which aggregate a total of about 1,000 

horse power. 

R. S, Cutting & Co.— Manufacturers of col- 
lar buttons in rolled plate. Also handle the 
[jicture hooks manufactured for the firm by 
(ieorge Ilummell. Business established about 
1880. W'orks located at 157 Orange street, 




William A. Harris, 



sity. The plant is equijjped 
with modern machinery of 
every kind necessary to the 
production of the best class 
of work in the building of 
stationary engines, powers 
ranging from 50 to 3,000 
horse. 

The Providence Brewing 

Co. — Manufacturers of lajrer 
beer. Business incorporated 
in 1891. Capitalized for 
$300,000. Officers; James 
Hanley, President; John E. 
Ciood, Secretary and Treas- 
urer. Brewery located at 
the corner of Hams avenue 
and Eagle street. Providence. 
Also are the proprietors of 
the Hygenic Ice Co., manu- 
facturers of and dealers in 



1886, covering a term of four years. Mr. 
Crowell, the Secretary and Treasurer of the 
company, has been connected with the concern 
for about eighteen years, and understands every 
detail of the extensive business, which has 
proven of value to the corporation, since the 
death of Mr. Harris, which occurred Oct. 29, 1896. Providence. Robert S. Cutting, proprietor. 



224 



HI()(iR.\rilHAI. I1IST()K\" nl- Till.. MAXlM'A(TrRi:RS 



Oakdale Mfg. Co. Maiuifacturcis ot mar 
gariiie and biitleiinc. Husiness e-stablishcd in 
1881 in a small vva\'. Incorporated in i8gi with 
a paitl uj) capital of 5300,000. l"\actory located 
on .South Water street, I'rovidence. In 1894 
the demand for their jiroducts being so great 
the company were com[)elled to enlarge their 
works, which they did by acquiring the proj^erty 
to the south of their original factory, containing 
over 4,000 si|u,ire feet. ( )n this site a six story 
building was erecteil. and the old building in- 
creased in si/e by atkling enough .stories to 
make it the same height of the new structure, 
and so joined on to the new liuilding as to make 
them ha\'e the ap])earance of one structure, as 
shown on the opposite l>age, making it one of 
the largest ])lants for the manufacture of but- 
tenne, etc., in the L'niled .States, and the 
(juality of theii proiliictioiis is said to lie as line 
as can possibly be pidducetl in a nianufactured 
article of food of this kind. The process of 
pre[)aring the ingietlients of which butterine or 
margarine are made is a steiili/ing process, and 
entirely destroys all germs nijurious to the hu- 
man system that possibly may occur in any pro- 
duct not sterili/ed. The factoiy is as clean as 
any dairy in the countr)', and their products are 
handled by workmen who are clean and neat in 
their apjiearance, ex'erything alxnit the factory 
imjiressing one as carried on under a perfect and 
strict system, the tirst demand being neatness 
and cleanliness. They em|)loy about joo work- 
men, many ladies being included in this number, 
who do the ]iacking, etc., and this force can turn 
out al)out 100,000 pounds of nianuf.ictured but- 
ter daily. The goods tor the foreign market are 
]nit up tastefully in tinfoil and ]jacked in bas- 
kets, and in tin plate packages, [Kicked in com- 
partment cases, thereby insuring sate transpor- 
tation to any part of the world. The jiower de- 
](artment consists of two 1 30 hoise power boilers 
of the horizontal type, ami .1 Rice & Sargent 
engine, 150 horse powei', ol the Corliss t\'iie. 
The boilers fuiiiish steam, not only fur the en- 
gine and heating, but .also tor the various uses 
re(|uire(l in the preparation of materials antl 
manufacture ot goods made ,ind put up by the 
company. A comjilete electric ]iL;hting plant 
is installed tor use of both arc anil incandescent 
lamps, by which the whole building is lighted. 
The officers of tlie company are: h'rank M. 
Mathewson, President; (leorge A. Munyan, 
Treasurer: Jeremiah 11. Ilall, Secretar)-. 



Theodore Foster & Bro. Co. — Manufacturers 
ol all kinds ot rolled gold plate jewelry, and 
sterling silver goods. Business originally estal)- 
lished January i, 1875, under the name of White 
& l'"oster, and was later changed to White, 
Foster & Co., and still later to I'"osler & l^ailey. 
In Ma\, 1898, the business was incorporated 
under the present name, and capitalized for 
S.500,000. Works located at 100 Richmond 
street, corner ot Friendship street, I'rovidence. 
The business was located here in this building 
in 1880, only one floor being occujjied at that 
time, but now the whole building is occupied by 
the company, together with other buildings lo- 
cated in the same square, all of which are owned 
by them, with the exception of the ( )stby & 
Harton Building and the (ieorge M. Baker Build- 
ing. The building in the rear of their main 
tactory, which is one of the oldest manufacturing 
buildings in the city, is leased principally to 
other jewelry manuf.icturers. The building on 
Richmond street was originally occu[)ie(l by 
-S.ickett iK: l).ivis, jewelery manufacturers, which 
concern built the factory. The Theodore 
h'oster & Bro. Co. are among the largest manu- 
facturers of jewelry and sterling silver goods in 
the cit)', employing some J75 hands. The 
officers of the corporation are: Theodore W. 
h'oster, President and Treasurer; T. Clyde 
l-'oster, X'ice-I'resident ; Ernest I.. I'"ullci", Sec- 
retary. 

Raliance Worsted Co. — .Manufacturers of 
worsted goods for men and ladies's wear. Busi- 
ness established in 18(^9. Incorporated the 
same year. l'';ictor)' loc.itetl in Woonsocket, 
R. I. hanploy ab"Ut Joo hands. Capitalizeil 
for ^ 1 00,000. (Tliccts: William I,. \'oungman, 
President; John C ;imi)bell, \'ice-President ; 
Philip llenault. Treasurer and .Secretary. Mr. 
\'oungmaii is :i nati\'e of the .State of Penn- 
sylvania, lie is a practical manufacturer, and 
is engaged in other maniitacturing enterprises, 
and is now located in New York, lohn Camp- 
bell is a native of Pascoag, R. 1, where he 
learned the worsted business b\- working in the 
mills of his native town. Phili|> llen;iult, the 
Manager of the business, w-as born in Montreal, 
Canada, November 13, i860. Came to Woon- 
socket in 1871), ;ind learned the worsted busi- 
ness in the ITirris i'rix'ilege .Mill, where he 
worked some tittecn years. The linn ot Camp- 
bell, IleiKiultX: Co., w.is then organized and 
began business in Westerly. R. I., where they 
remained for about li\e years before removing 
to Woonsocket. 



&Ak.. 











I 



.*1 JI 







4 



.-If F 7. '"- 

- rrrr 



im-^ 



-^N 




c/v^-i 






Plant o{ the Oakdale Mfg. Co.. South Water Street, Providence. 



(l->) 



226 



HIO(^.RAl'lIKAI, llISrORV OI'' Till', MAN T I AC TU K MRS 



Wm. Oscar Cornell. — Merchant and manufac- the public schools of the city, his first business 
turer. Mr. ('(irnell was born in Providence, experience being that of a bookkeeper for a 
l-"e]iruary S, iS:;6. lie received his education in commission house in I'ro\idence from iS63to 

186(1. in 1 866 he established a tlour and oil busi- 
ness in the old \'aup;han Building on Custom 
1 louse street, the business being carried on 
untler the tirm name of S. Cornell K' Co., his 
father being associated with him. This was 
continued until 1869, when he entered the 
wholesale grocery business under the firm name 
of Cornells ami Mumford, his father still re- 
taining an interest, their store being located on 
Dyer street, oi>posite the wharf of the I'rovi- 




William Oscar Cornell. 






r* 

^ *w^ 


1 






/ 


id 


C 


><^^^^^^^^^^^^^B^^^ 



Frank H. Andrews. 

dence, I'"all River & Newport .Steamboat Co. 
Here he reniainetl until 1S84, a period of fifteen 
years, during which time an extensive business 
was built up throughout Southern New I'^ng- 
land, their kerosene oil business develoi)ing to 
such an extent that they became the largest 
dealers ni that article in the State. 

l-'rom 1880 to i8yi .Mr. Cornell was a special 
I)artner in the tirm of \V. H. Sawtelle & Co., of 
Detroit, Mich., wholesale dealers in tlour antl 
salt, the business being a very successful one. 
In 1890 he entered into co-partnership with 
Messrs. Freilerick W. ami Frank H. Andrews 
under the tirm name of Cornell & .Andrews, the 



Frederick W. Andrews. 



AND HUSINKSS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



227 



business being that of gold aiul silver refiners, 
smelters and dealers in bullion, their works be- 
ing located on Calender, Sabin and Mathewson 
streets. Providence. lie is Secretary and 
Treasurer of the American Seamless Wire Co., 
which was organized in May, 1897, whose works 
are located at 144 Pine street. The conijiany 
manufacture principally gold seamless wire. 
Mr. Cornell is President of the Providence Dye- 
ing, Bleachitig and Calendering Co. with works 
on Valley street. Providence ; Mr. Cornoll's 
father, Stephen ("ornell, being identified with 
this business for a period of fully si.\ty years, 
commencing as a workman in the establishment 
and occupying at various times all of the posi- 
tions that the business offered up to the office 
of President, which position he held until his re- 
tirement from all active business. 

Upon Mr. .Stephen Cornell's retirement, his 
son, Wm. Oscar Cornell, was elected a director 
in the corporation of the Providence Dyeing, 
Bleaching and Calendering Co., and in January, 
1901, was elected to the office of President of 
the Board. The business was established in 
1814, and has been one of the most successful 
bleacheries of the State. Mr. Cornell has 
always been very much interested m educational 
matters, having been a trustee of Tuft's College, 
of Medford, Mass., since March 2, 1882. He 
established a scholarship there, which cares for 
a tuition, and Mr. Cornell has been careful to 
give the benefit of this scholarship to students 
whose means were limited, which have included 
young women as well as young men. He has 
been a director in the Westminster ]5ank for 
nearly twenty years. While always refusing to 
accept any public offices, or to enter the politi- 
cal field, still he has always wielded a healthful 
influence in the city, particularly in that section 
round about Davis Park, where he resided for 
over thirty years, his place of residence now 
being on the east side of the city. 

Cornell & Andrews. — Smelters, refiners and 
assayers of gold and silver, and dealers in 
bullion. Business established in 1S90 by 
William Oscar Cornell, Frederick W. Andrews 
and Frank H. Andrews. Mr. Cornell is a native 
of Providence, R. I., where he was born P'ebru- 
ary 8, 1836, and has been one of the most active 
and best known business men in the mercantile 
line in the city of Providence for a number of 
years. F. W. Andrews was born in Gardiner, 



Maine, l<"ebruary 28, 1839. He was with the 
old firm of Curtis & Arnold and its successor of 










'Ip^ 


11 ~ 


Si 






.f 




■„'_J 




Providence and has been actively engaged in 
the business for thirty years. His son, F. H. 



2JS 



Hioc.KAriiicAi. iiisrom- oi' iiii-. mami-'actiri-.ks 



Andrews, was hmn in (iardinor, Ale, Xov. 23, 
i86j. Works located on Calender, Sabin anil 

>[ ,t u,.,, ,,,,, streets, Trovidence, and contain 




Harry W. Marcy. 

about 14,000 sijuare feet of floor sjiace. 1 he 
office is located at 23 Mathewson street. The 
works of the ('ornell-yXndrews Smelting Co. are 
located in Attleboro, Mass., in a new building 
erected specially for the purpose, 50 .\ 170 feet. 
These works are equipjjed with smelter and 
cojiper recovery plant, including acid condenser, 
also with roller bearing mills, which are among 
the largest used for rolling silver in this coun- 
try. ( )rficers : W'ni. ( )scar Cornell, President; 
(icorge I'". Andrews, \'ice rresident ; l-'rederick 
W. Andrews, 'Treasurer; l-'rank II. Andrews. 
.Secretary. The I-ioard of I )irectors is composed 
o| the al)o\e n.tnicd gentlemen, with l\eulien |. 
Kice, the Manager of the Meridcn works, and 
I'rof. !''rank \V. l)urkec of Tutt's College, in 
ventoi' ot the cop|)er jHocess used b\' the com 
pany. There are also works at .Meridcn, Conn., 
carried on under the management of Ivcuben |. 
Rice, who had been lor nian\ years in the same 
line ot l)usiness in the State ot Connecticut prior 
to the establishment of the Cornell & Andrews 
Co., of which he is a memlier. These three 
plants arc among the most coni|)leteto be found 
ni New luigland, and an e.\tensi\e business is 



carried on all o\er the I'nited .States and Can- 
ada. The gentlemen who established the busi- 
ness are fidly versed in every detail, and as a 
result of their knowledge a very large trade has 
been built u|). The accomi)an)ing cut of theii' 
works in Providence, Attleboro and Meridcn, 
gives a good itlea of the e.\tent of their com- 
buied plants. 

Harry W. Marcy. - Manufacturer of high 
grade tlat and tubular shoe laces and fancy 
l)raids. Business estal)lished in iSijij. Works 
located at " Cromwell street, Trovidencc. 
Harry W. Marcy was born in Providence, June 
2<S, icS/f). After leaving the luiglish and classi- 
cal school of Mowry & (ioffs, he took a course 
in the high school of Providence, and then went 
to work fcir his father, P'red I. Marcy, the in- 
\entor of the ".Acme" lever collar button. 
After working three years in the jewelry l)usi- 
ness, he went into the insurance business with 
Addison II. White, and u[)on his death engaged 
with ]5each & Sweet in the same line of busi- 
ness, where he remained until he began the 
manufacture of shoe strings in 1899. His plant 
is equi[)i)ed with braiders carrying about 7,000 
spindles, and with all of the other necessary 
machinery that is required in this line of busi- 
ness. His productions are sold all over the 
United -States. Mr. Marcy is probably the 
youngest manufacturer in the State, who has 
established business on his own account. 

Summer, Kotler & Scheiner. — Manufacturers 
of gold and silver |)Iated novelties. Their special- 
ties are imitation diamond goods, brooches, scarf 
pins, hat pins, rings and buckles. Business estab- 
lished May I. 1899. Works located at 9 Cal- 
eniler street. Providence. P'.niplo}' 35 hands. 
The members of the firm are Joseph .Sum- 
mei', Jai'ob Kotlei' and .Simon .Scheiner, all 
young men who emigrated ti'om Russia, their 
native countrw ficim 188; to i8ik>. 

T. C. Tucker & Co. Manufacturers of a gen- 
eral line of electro-]>lated jewelrv. Business es- 
tablished in 1 89(1 b)' Thomas C. Tucker, who 
was l)oi n in Nantucket, .Mass., in July, 185c). 
Works located at u Bexerly street, Proxidence. 
ljn[)lo_\'s I J hands. 

R. I. Color Works. — Manulacturers of kalso- 
mineand colors. Business established by Bern- 
hard Ilainbach some twenty years or more ago. 
Works located at 19 Calender street. Providence. 



AND imSIXESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



229 



Crahan Engraving Co. — Makers of half-tone 
and line cuts, by the photo-engraving process. 
Also half-tone cuts for three-color printing. 




Marcus Crahan. 

The business was established by Marcus Crahan 
in 1897, at 301 Westminster street, Providence, 
and one year later was located in the present 
quarters at 193 Westminster street, where he 
turns out the finest grade of halftone work to be 
found in New England, together with half-tone 
cuts for daily newspaper use, which are of neces- 
sity a much coarser line of work. One depart- 
ment for the fine work and one for the coarser 
grade. Mr. Crahan was the first engraver to 
introduce three-color plates in the city of Provi- 
dence. He has made a great success of this 
line in bringing out the variety of colors in 
enamel jewelry and in various other color de- 
signs. Marcus Crahan was born in l""ulton, N. 
Y., F'ebruary 5, 1869. He began the trade of 
an engraver in Syracuse, N. Y., in 1888. After 
leaving this place he was engaged by the 
Maurice Joyce Engraving Co. of Washington, 
D. C, where he remained three years. He was 
then employed by George H. Benedict, a lead- 
ing engraver of Chicago, 111., and after remain- 
ing there one year he was offered the foreman- 
ship of the Rhode Island Engraving Co. of 
Providence, which he accepted, remaining one 



year, at the end of which time he was employed, 
by C. J. Peters of Ikiston, and after a few 
months he again entered the employ of the 
Rhode Island P2ngraving C^o., where he re- 
mained until he established business on his own 
account under the name of the Crahan Engrav- 
ing Co., in August, 1897. lie has been remark- 
ably successful, his plant being one of the best 
equipped and most complete in the New Eng- 
land States. The half-tone plates of this publi- 
cation were nearly all made by this company, 
and the plates used by J. D. Hall & Co. in their 
other publications were also made by this con- 
cern, all of which show a high class of work- 
manship by the superiority of their printing 
qualities. 

Rice & Hayward. — Manufacturers of all 
kinds of [ilain and fancy crackers, biscuits, 
bread and pastry. By far the largest manufac- 
turers of breadstuffs in the State of Rhode 
Island. Business established by P'itz-James 
Rice. Bakeries located at 310 to 316 Broad 
street, Providence. William S. Hayward, de- 
ceased, bought an interest in the business in 
1858, after he had worked in the establishment 
for about seven years. In 1863 Mr. Hayward 
purchased the entire busuiess, and two years 
later Mr. Rice again became a partner, which 
continued for a number of years. William S. 
Hayward, who had been the predominating 
spirit of the business, during his life, was born 
in Foster, R. I., February 26, 1835. At the age 
of twelve he went to Old Warwick, R. I., to 
work on a farm, and in 1851 began to work as a 
baker in the establishment that he had the 
honor of owning in the years that followed. He 
made the business a success, the goods made by 
Rice & Hayward being known in all parts of 
the country, and their local trade being very 
extensive. Mr. Hayward was one of the most 
highly respected citizens of the city of Provi- 
dence, because of his gentlemanly qualities that 
stood out prominently under all circumstances. 
He was a member of the City Council from 1872 
to 1876, when he was elected to represent his 
ward in the Board of Aldermen, being reelected 
for several years until he was elected Mayor of 
the city in 1880 to succeed Mayor Doyle. After 
serving three years he declined a renomination. 
He was a member of the State Legislature in 
the Lower House for two years, 1885 and 1886, 
and was appointed a member of the State Board 
of Charities and Corrections, by Governor 
Bourn, in 1884, and reappointed in 1886 by 
Governor Wetmore. Upon Mr. Hayward's 
death in 1900, the business was continued under 
the direction of Mrs. Hayward. 



'30 



Hit )(,R.\l'ilIC.\l, 



:iSl()R\- OI' Till'; .MANUl'AC 



ks 



Quidnick Manufacturing Co. — Incorporated in 
1S.S4. ( Jfficers: Jeffrey Davis, President; John 
11 llanihly, Treasurer. lunploy 500 hands. 




William D. Davis. 

The mills (if the <Uii(lnuk .Mlj;. C'n,, which arc 
amnni; the must attiai'li\-e anil siilistantial manu- 
tuctiirini; ]ilanls of the Stale, aie situated in 




(Juidnick, K. I., on the line of the N. V. & N. K. 
Branch of the N. Y., N. 1 1. & Hartford Railroad. 
The villaye of Ouidnick, of which the extensive 
farm with its massive stone walls and neat, well- 
appointed mill tenements of this company form 
the chief jiart, is one of the handsomest to be 
found in the I'awtuxet Valley, and is also one 
ot the oldest. The Spragues spent over a million 
dollars upon this [iro]>erty durint; their owner- 
ship in de\eloping the water |)owerand improve- 
ments, and it was the last of their vast property 
til be relintpiished by them, and then only after 
a long and expensive litigation. The property 
tinally came into the jiossession ni the jiresent 




K ^'*^ 




/ 



John H. liambly. 
Cdmpany which was oi'gani/ed m 1.SS4, by 
William I). l)a\is, Henry A, Iliddeti and others. 
l'[itcithis lime the [irotluclinn nt the mills were 
(<4 by (14 print cloths, and the t'orporation at 
once com mencetl to make improvements, add it ions 
and changes in the niachiner\', replacing the 
print cloth looms with wide looms, so that at 
present the mills are cipiippcd foi the manu- 
lacluic of wide sheetings, twills, fancy goods, 
etc., for ihc converting trade. The present 
capacit)- of the mills is .ibout 45,000 spindles 
and 1000 hioms. ( )iiginall\' there were two 
woolen mills standing upon this estate, which 
were owned by the I'afts, and known as the 
Taft Mills and Print Winks. These were taken 



Jeffrey Davis. 



AND Hl'SINKSS MKN (IF RIIODK ISLAND. 



231 



down, and in 1848 the Spragues built the No. i 
stone mill, which had twoe.xtensions, one at each 
end, of only two-and-one-half stories. Since then 
these extensions have been built up to the 
height of the main building, and an addition on 
the northern end has been added of the same 
height, which makes the mill much larger than 
when first built, having a length of 425 feet. 
The No. 2 stone mill was built about 1875, and 
is 225 feet in length. Mr. William 1). Davis 
was born in Davisville, R. I., and is a descendant 



ing by the old hand looms, they conducted 
from 181 1 to 1824. In 1824 they began the 
operation of woolen looms by water power at 
the same locality where their ancestors had 
ground corn at their grist mill for over a century. 
Mr. William D. Davis is a son of Jeffrey Davis. 
Had been a woolen goods manufacturer nearly 
all of his life prior to the establishment of the 
( Juidnick Mfg. Co. Jeffrey Davis, the President 
of the company, is the son of William D. Davis, 
and was born in Centreville, R. I., .Sejatember 
2, 1850. He began in the manufacturing busi- 
ness in 1870, after graduating from Brown Uni- 






Mills of the Quidnick Manu 

of the founders of the village of Davisville, North 
Kingston, R. I., where they settled some time 
prior to 1700. The first Jeffrey Davis was 
born here in 170S, where he followed the milling 
business until his death in 1782. His name 
has been handed down through several gener- 
ations, the last to bear the name being the 
present President of the (Juidnick Mfg. Co. 
Jeffrey Davis, 2d, with his brother Kzra, was 
one of the earliest woolen manufacturers in the 
State of Rhode Island, their business being 
carried on under the firm name of I{. & J. Davis, 
their factory being located at what was then 
known as Davis's Mills, now Davisville. They 
began with a wool carding and cloth-dressing 
establishment, which, in connection with weav- 



facturing Co., Quidnick, R. I. 

versity, and was elected to the Presidency of 
the (Juidnick Mfg. Co. in 1894. Was Treas- 
urer of the (Juidnick Mfg. Co. until 1893. Mr. 
Davis is also a director of several banking 
institutions, insurance and manufacturing com- 
panies of the State. John II. Hambly, Treas- 
urer of the company, was born in Massachusetts. 
Oct. 22, 1861. He began the manufacturing 
business in Fall River, Mass., and was elected 
Assistant Treasurer of the (Juidnick Mfg. Co. 
in 1891 and Treasurer in 1893. Mr. Hambly 
was elected President of the Providence Roarti 
of Trade in 1899 and re-elected in 1900. Mr. Ham- 
bly has been a member of the Fxecutive Coun- 
cil of the Board for a number of years, and chair- 
man of the I-'inance (Committee for five years. 
The recent success of the Board is in a large 
measure due to his enterprise in advancing its 
interests. 



liKXiUAI'IIICAI, HISTom- ol- TIIK MANU1'ACTL?RI;R.S 



Capron & Co. — Maniilactuicrs of rolled golil 
and clcctid plated CDllar buttons, cult Inittons, 
-Studs, etc. Husiucss establishetl January i, 




X 



Herbert S. Capron. 

1S7.S, the lirm tiien eonsistini; ot llartord /\. 
(apron, iMank Iv (.'.ipion an<l licrbert .S. Cap^ 
ron. The two latter niembeis being brothers, 
the first named being an uncle. After a few 
years llartord ,\. (_'apron sold his interest, and 
the business was carried on by the brothers un- 
til the death of l-'rank ]■'. (apiDn, when the 
business passed into the hands of Herbert .S. 
Cai)ron. 'The business was moved to 43 .Sabin 
street, I'ro\idence, the i)reseiit location, in 1S1J5. 
The lirm has been \ery successful Irom the start, 
iierbert .S. ("apron died June id, 1900, leaving a 
widow ,md one son, Herbert W. ('a|)ron, who 
was born in I'ro\-i<lence, July 5, 18.S2. 'l"he 
business is now carrietl on by the mother and 
son under the management of Mr. Thomas \'. 
Kilkenney, a |)ractical jewelry manufacturer. 

Baldwin Motor Wagon Co. — Manufacturers of 
all kinds of steam .lutomobiles, from an ordi- 
nar\' carriage to an omnibus. Husiness estab- 
lished and incor])oraled in ii^oi, under the laws 



of Maine. I,. !■'. \. Haldwin is the general man- 
ager ot the business. Mr. liaklwin is one of the 
pioneers in the matiutacture of automobiles. He 
made the first ste.im carriage that was brought 
out in the city of I'rovideiice, which was a de- 
li\ery wagon for She])ard & Co. This carriage 
has been very much improved upon, until to-day 
the cotiipany that he is at the heail ot have a 
carriage that is said to be eipial in s[)eed and 
power to any steam carriage made in this coun- 
try. The company are now making three 
steam omnibuses to be sent to I'orto Rico, 
which have a seating capacity for fifteen passen- 
gers. The works are located on Calender 
street, Providence. Mr. Baldwin was formerly 
sujjerintendent of the Criuckshank ICngine 
Works of Proviilence, and for man\- years prior 
to this time he was employed in the leading 
machine shops of the city as an e.xjiert machin- 
ist, his inventive genius pro\ing of value to any 
concern wherever he was emjjloyed. 

Silverman Bros.- Manufacturers of season- 
able novelties in rolled gold [ilate and electro- 
l>late. Business established in 1S9S. Works 
located at ly Calender street, i'ro\idence. Em- 
ploy 85 hands. Archibald .Silverman was born in 
Kussia, March 5, iSSo. Charles .Silverman was 
born in Russia in 1S77. They both came to .Amer- 
ica about the year 1891, locating in Providence, 
where they learned the jewelry business and 
were emijloyed b)' a number of Providence con- 
cerns before establishing business on their own 
accoimt. 

Johh T. Cuddy & Co. M.inufacturers of 
rolled gold i)late and electro-platetl jewelry ; 
general line for ladies. Business established 
about 1885. Woiks located at 25 Calender 
street, Proxideuce. John T. (uddydied about 
the year 189J, liut his interest w.is retained by 
members of the family. John A, h'leming, 
the active member of the rtrm, who is gen- 
eral manager of the business, was born in Paw- 
tucket, R. !., July 3, 1858. Their goods are 
sold extensively throughtmt this coimtry, and 
e.\])Ort some of their lines. 

Ralph Colwell & Co. — Manufacturers of 
worsted goods for ladies' anil men's wear 
Business established b)' Ho|)kins & Rhodes in 
1887. Works located at i) Calender street. 
Providence. l';m|)loy 43 hands. The mem- 
bers of the firm are Ral[)h Colwell, a 
native of .Scituate, R. I., and I'riah R. Col- 
well, a native of Clocester, R I 



AND lU'SINKSS MI'lN Ol' RIIODK ISLAND. 



235 



PAWTUCKET, R. I. products that tlii'v produce, knittius,^ machines. 

etc.. as made 1)\ tlie hales i\: jenks Machine Co., 

.Sometime i)rii ir |c p tile I i|nninL; dl' the i\e\iihi h'.astim iV I'.m'uiiam Machine Co., Charles .\. 

tionary Wai. in 1775. the manniactminj; Hfe of i.nllier iV Co., llie I'autncket Mannfactnrintj 

I'awtucket had heynn in the form of foru;c> in Co., tile \\ ilHani II. Ilaski-ll Co.. Ceori^e W. 

'.Ill' workin;; of metals for varion> pnrppjses, Tayne iV Co., I'otter (.\; .\tluilon .Machine CV)., 

wliich were owned hy Jose])li Jenks. Jr., and .\. IC Tennev .Manufacturini; Co.. James I'.rown 

about i/N.^ ( )ziel Wilkinson I'stahlished a for^L and a number of others, all jirodncini^ the hii^h- 

tor similar ]itn-poscs ne.ar the I'alls, where the est j^'rade of i^nods in their various specialties, 

[enks fors,;es were located, lie made anchors. Ilie cit\', however, is looked u]ion b\ the outside 

tools, and diliferent kinds of implenu'nis, inclnd- world a.s more of a textile manufacturinf; center, 

\uix shovels, spades and scytlies, cloiuL; ipiite an \i ith the modern |)lant of the .Slalei' ( otion Co. 

extensi\e business for the ship owners and resi- on .Main stri'ct, a creditable representative of 

dents ol the adjoiniiiL; town ol I'rovidence. tlu' nanu- of . "slater, both in the ap])earanci' of the 

While the industrial loumlation of I'awtuckel null slrucliu'es and the class and \dlnme of 



^*i 

^•.>i® 



'^^T%^. 



iiiiilllii EH 




liiliiBliiii 



WMW-I nniii,'^" 













Pawtucket Falls, 1901. 

was laid in the iron and stt-el indnstr\, when y'oods jjroduced. Then there are the works of 
,'-iamuel .Slater completed hi> ^pinniuL; frame here the Conant Thread Co., anioni; the Liryest in the 
in 171)0, the town of I'awtncket became famous World, the I ireene iK; Daniels ])lant, Hope Web- 
as the home of the textile industry in ,\merii-a. bini;- (_'o., the Littlefield Manufactm-in.!^' Co., 
and forever afterwar<ls to be crediteil with creat- lohn J. Keiiyon's plant in I )arlini;t<>n. Cumber- 
mi;- the first successful spinnini,; frann' that was ],in<l .Mills C'o.. Lorraine .Manufacturing Co.. 
mveuled in this country. While this inxention Dexter \ arn Co., D. 1 iotT iS,- Sons, near I'aw- 
soniewhat chantjefl the n.atnral ienileuc\ of the iucket halls, m;dvers of the famous br.aids ; Leb- 
town to become w produci'r of iron and steel anon .Mill Co., l'.lodi;etl iV ( )rs\vell. and others. 
^c)ods. it did not k'ssen thai industry, f( jr oijnr Tlnse. coud)iucd with the nianufai'turin^ ]ilants 
metal workiui; plants ha\e been built from lime in the adjoining; cit\ of ('enti'al halls, which 
to time since tlu' Jenks and Wilkinson for.i;es are incdnded within the same radius, m.ike 
were started, L;iviny the ])reseTn city of I ';iw this one of tlie i;reatest inanuf.'ict uritiL; ci.nti.-rs 
tiicket a w ide rei)utatiou as a proilnci-r of textih- in cotton, wnolen. iron and steel snoods to be 
machinery, bolt ;md nut machinery and the found in this counirv in so com])aci an area. 



HIOCKAI'IIICAI. lllSrc)R\' ol" I'lIK MA \ IM'ACTl' K I'.RS 



J. & P. Coats, Limited. — Manufacturers n[ feet wide and cj6 feet long, two stories liigh, 0[)- 

six cord s])oi)l LottDH. lousiness established in erating twisting and winding machinery, their 

iSdS b\- 1 ie/ekiah (unant, under the name o\ \'arn being imported from England. l'"rom this 

the (imant Thread Co. at I'awtucket, K !,, No. i Mdl in i SOS the great plant of J. li !'. 

where the works are still located. Mr. Cmiant Coats, Limited, has developed, and Mr. C\)nant 

is a native ol I )iidley, Mass., wheie he was born is entitlcil to tiie success that has followed 

July -S. iSj/. lie attendetl the common the undertaking since its beginning. Arrange- 

scliools of his nati\e town, and later attenduil ments ha\ing been perfected to manufacture 



Nichols Acadeni)', for a number ot terms, an 
imjxirtant institution of learning in the town of 
Dudle)'. In 1S45 he began to learn the printing- 
business, but after ser\ing about three years he 
abandoned this line of business to learn the 
machinist trade. In 
iS3(] he went to Web 
ster. .Mass., and in 
venteil a machine toi- 
sewing selvages on the 
woolen goods that were 
bemg woven by the 
Slaters of that town. 
Among other in\en- 
tions, Mr. ( onant 
brought out a machine 
for winding thread 
automatical! y on to 
spools, two hundred 
yarils in length, ami 
the Willimantic ],inen 
Co. ])urchased a one- 
half interest in the 
[latent right, and Mi-. 
Conant was employed 
by that compau)- to be 
their mechanical e.\ 
pert, l''ebruary i, 1 S^tj, 
where he remained 
nine _\ears. During 
this time he visited hlngland and Scotland in 
the interest of the company, insjiecting the 
thread works ol those countries, which was in 
1S04. In Willimantic he invented what was 
known as a " ticketing machine " which sticks 
the round labels on both ends of a spool of 
thread, at the rate of 100 a minute. After leav- 
ing the Willimantic Linen Co. in 1S6S, he 
mined to I'awtucket, R. I., and organi/.ed a new 
thread com[)any, which was chartered by the Gen 
eral Assembly under the name of the Conant 
Thread Co., with a subscribed capital of 830,000, 
Mr, Conant being elected Treasurer and Mana. 
.ger. The first factory was built of wood, 41 




Hezekiah Conant. 



the J. 6c r. Coats thread for America, the capital 
stock was gradually increaseil until it reached a 
large amount, and the plant was gradually in- 
creased in si/e until it now consists of fourmain 
buildings three and four stories high, built of 

brick, besides an office 
and other small 
buildings, making it 
one of the largest man- 
ufacturing plants in 
this country, emiiloy- 
ing upwards of 3,000 
hands. The power for 
the works is supplied 
by Corliss engines of 
more than 4.000 horse 
jtower. Mr. Conant 
has not only de\oted 
his time to the manu- 
facture of cotton 
threail, but for many 
vears he has done 
much in the line of 
phihuithropy. lie built 
sexeral school build- 
ings for Nichols Acad- 
emy, of Dudley, Mass., 
the place of his nativ- 
it\-, besides iiroviding 
other impro\-enients 
\\ hen the Congregational 
was tlestroved bv tire Mr. 



for the institution, 
church of Dudley 
Conant built a new edifice to take its place, the 
corner stone of which was laid in 1890. 
In I'awtiK-ket he has also shown his liberal 
spirit in maiu' wa)'s, outside ol the great 
manufacturing plant which has been of so 
great a benefit to the city, which was 
transferred to L 'Iv ''■ (.^oats, Limiteil, within 
the jiast few vears. The works are located west 
of the \. \'., X II. c^ H R. R. tracks, some 
little distance away, in the greatest manufactur- 
ing part of the city, several other large manu- 
facturing plants lieing located in this vicinity. 



AND BUSINESS MEN OF RHODE ISLAND. 



^17 



Loridan Worsted Co. — Manufacturers of fine 
worsted yarns by the I'Vench system. Husiness 
incorporated in 1901. Capitalized for $100,000. 
Works located at 43 Sabin street, I'rovidence. 
I-3mploy about 30 hands. Mill now in course of 
construction in the city of VVoonsocket, R. 1., 
which will be ready for occupancy the first of 
January, 1902. The Loridan Worsted to. plant 
will then be removed to this new factory, which 
is situated opposite the River Spinning Co. fac- 
tory. Officers : Charles Loridan, {'resilient and 
Manager : Ambrose Eeeley, Secretary and 
Treasurer. Mr. Loridan, who was the jirime 
mover in the establishment of the business, is a 
native of Roubai.x, hVance. He was a first 



Co. in the city of I'rovidence, and very soon 
|ilans were completed to build a mill for the 
company in Woonsocket, as already mentioned. 
The new factory will have a capacity of about 
5,000 spindles, and it will be ecjuipped with the 
best machinery that is made for the spinnmg of 
worsted yarns. Mr. Loridan is an enterprising 
young man, possessing unusual ability as a 
mechanical engineer and manufacturer. Am- 
brose I'"eeley, Judge of the District Court of 
Woonsocket, whose enterprise is doing a 
great deal of good for the city in the way 
of business improvements, has charge of 
the financial end of the business of the 
cori)oration. 




Plant of J. & P. Coats, 

graduate of the National School D'arts et 
Metiers, and after following the occupation of 
an engineer for several years he became inter- 
ested in the manufacture of worsted yarns. 1 le 
built a mill in France for the manufacture of 
yarns, and after its completion the owners 
placed him at the head of the business as gen- 
eral manager, since which time he has devoted 
all of his energies in the line of textiles. He 
came to America as a representative of the 
Lafayette Spinning Co. in February, 1899, and 
built, in the city of Woonsocket, the Lafayette 
Worsted Co.'s Mill, near the Hamlet Mill. 
After remaining a little over two years, he left 
that company to establish the Loridan Worsted 



Limited, Pawtucket, R. I. 

Fred M. Swartz. — Manufacturer of a general 
line of ladies' jewelry, charms, lockets, and 
novelties for mail order business. Business 
established in October, 1900. Works located 
at 25 Calender street. Providence. Employs 
20 hands. Fred M. Swartz was born in 
Galecey, Austria, in June, 1879. Came to 
America about 1892. 

Providence Sizing Co. — Manufacturers of laun- 
dry and mill soaps, sizings, cotton softeners, fin- 
ishing pastes, etc. Business established in 1897. 
Works located at Cranston, R.I. Members of 
the firm are : John R. Butterworth, President : 
John R. Butterworth, Jr., Vice-President ; Wal- 
ter N'ates, Treasurer. . 



Hl( ICRAI'IIICAI, MISTORN' Ol' Till'. M A \ U I^'ACTURICRS 



jef' 



w 



^t 



Sayles Bleacheries. William ¥. Sayles, who 
establishei! the Sayles l^lcachorics, in Sayles- 
ville, R. 1., was horn in I'awtucket, R. I., Se[) 
teinber _'. 18J4. Alter rcreiving a ^ood classical 
and mercantile education, in the I''ruit Ilill 
Classical Institute, the Seekonk t'lassical School 
in Rhode Island, and in the l'hilli|is Academy, 
of Aiulover, Mass , he entered the mercantile 
establishment of Shaw & I'^arle of I'rovidence 
as book-keepei-, hitcr as salesman, and then be- 
\\v^ intrusted with the tinancial aifaiis of the 
ciincern. lie hei;an manutacturint; in 1N47. 
lie purchased a small ]irint works establish 

ment in the town ol 

Lincoln, near I'aw 
tucket, and he at once 
erected new buildin!;s 
and c on \er t eil t h e 
]ilant into a bleachery, 
with a capacity ot 
about two and a hall 
tons . daily. Knowing; 
very little about the 
bleaching;- business, ami 
his cajiital being ver)' 
limited, it was a strug- 
jrle for a number ot 
years, but he finally 
mastered the business 
and made it a great 
success. In 1S54 the 
capacity cit his plant 
was four tons daily, 
and his reputation for 
doing the best of work 
brought a steady busi 
iiess to his lileachery. 
In June of that year 
his entire plant was destroyed by hre. He im- 
mediately began to rebuild the works on a much 
larger scale, erecting buildings of a more endur- 
ing character, and before the close of the year 
I.S54 the bleachery was again in o]jeration with 
a cajjacity for six tons daily. l'"rom that time 
new buildings and additions were erected as the 
business of the bleachery increased, until the 
capacity of the plant reached more than fifty 
tons a da\', which amounted in yards to about 
three thousand of bleached cotton goods. The 
illustration of the works shown herewith repre- 
sents the plant as it ajipears at the present with 
the exception <if a new building now in course 



of construction. These bleacheries are said to 
be by far the largest of any in the world. 

In iSf):; Mr Sayles' brother, Frederick C. 
Sayles, who became the first Mayor ot the city 
ot I'awtucket, became a partner in the business, 
the firm name then being changed to W. I'". & 
1'". (_'. Sa\les, although the plant was always 
known as the Sayles Hleacheries. The tiim 
built the Moshassuck X'alley Railroad, connect- 
ing Sayles\-ille and their works with the New 
^'ork, New llavcn & Hartford Railroail at 
Woodlawn. The firm were also the builders of 



the Lorraine Mills, a 




William F. Sayles. 



little farther down the 
Moshassuck Ri\'er\'al- 
ley, and one of the 
largest plants in the 
State. William F 
Sayles died May 7, 
181)4. At this time he 
was President of the 
.Slater Cotton Co., of 
I'awtucket, of which he 
was the originator, also 
,1 director in the I'one- 
inah Mills of Connect i- 
' ut, and a ilirector or 
stockholder in various 
mills and enter[.)rises in 
Massachusetts and 
elsewhere. H e was 
also President of the 
Slater National Hank 
of I'awtucket, and a di- 
rector in the third Na- 
tional Hank of Provi- 
dence He served two 
terms in the State Sen- 
ate, but beyond this 



would not accept jniblic office. He was a mem- 
ber of the Hoard of Trustees of Hrown I'niver- 
sity, and in iSjS he donated the sum of ^50,000 
to that institution for the erection of a building 
as a memorial to his son who died during his 
Sophomore year in that college. He later in- 
creased the gift to S 100,000. and the Sayles 
Memorial 1 lall was completed and dedicated in 
June, 18S1. His son, PVank A. Sayles, is at 
present the sole owner of the Sayles Hleach- 
eries, as well as the I'hillipsdale Hleacheries, 
both of which he operates, his general manager 
being Charles ( ). Read. 

I'rederick C. Sayles, who was so long identi- 



AND BUSINESS MEN OE RHODE ISEAND. 



239 



fied with the business of W. E. & E. C. Sayles, 
was born in Pawtucket, July 17, 1835. After 
completing his education at the University 
Grammar School, and the East Greenwich 
Academy, where he graduated in 1853, he 
entered the bleachery that had been established 
by his brother at Saylesville, earning five shil- 
lings a day for doing the sweejjing of floors, in- 
voicing goods, and other minor services. I''or 
ten years he labored in nearly every department 
of the business, making himself familiar with 
every detail, so that when he was admitted as a 
member of the firm in 1863, he was master of 
every department. In i goo Mr. Sayles built a 
new bleachery in I'hillipsdale, after he had sold 



J. A. McCarron & Co. — Manufacturers of 
rolled plate and electroplated jewelry, including 
scarf pins, brooches, ear drops, rings, etc. Busi- 
ness established in 1895. John McCarron, the 
I)ro])rietor, was born in Providence, March 13, 
1 87 1. Works located at 16 Calender street, 
Providence. 

Almy, Stone & Co. — Refiners of gold and 
silver. Business established in 1901. Works 
located at 33 Mathewson street, Providence. 
The members of the firm are William V. 
Almy, who is a native of Providence ; William 
II. Stone, also a native of I'rovidence, 
where he was born April 23, 1866, and Thomas 
I lanley. 




Sayles Bleacheries, 

his interest in the bleacheries at Saylesville, 
which was constructed of light colored brick, 
the tall chimney being composed of the same 
light colored material, making it very imposing 
and attractive, because it can be seen from a 
long distance on account of its white appear- 
ance. These works were sold or leased to 
Frank A. Sayles, the owner of the Sayles 
Bleacheries, both of which are operated 
by him. F. C. Sayles has been one of the 
influential men of the city of Pawtucket, 
being its first Mayor, was the first man to 
sign the call for the Pawtucket Business 
Men's Association, a progressive body, and 
in many other ways he has show^n his public 
spirit. 



Saylesville, R. I. 

John A. Hamblin. — Manufacturer of electrical 
goods, his specialty being arc lamps. Business 
established in 1899. Works located at 16 Calen- 
der street. Providence. John A. Hamblin was 
born in Falmouth, Mass., January 14, 1864. His 
goods are sold in all parts of the country. 

Manufacturers Specialties Co. — Manufacturers 
of machinery sjiecialtics. Business established 
and owned by Abel T. Atherton, who is a native 
of Lowell, Mass., where he was born in August, 
1839. Works located at 12 Beverly street, 
Proviflence. 

A. L. Stearns & Co. — Manufacturers of cellu 
loid combs and novelties. Business established 
in 1880 by Bailey & Stearns. Works located at 
16 Calender street. Providence. Albert L. 
Stearns, Proprietor. 



240 HloCKArillCAI. IIISTi)K\' ()]• TH1-. M.WL'l- ACTUKKKS 

CENTRAL, FALLS. their ])r()|icrty platted ami divided into six water 

While the Jcnks' and Wilkinson forges were privileges. Kach privilege was to have an aper- 

in ojieration in the town of TawtiRket, there ture in the side of the trench six feet long and 

were a tew atnlntioLis men in the adjiiining town two teet deep hclow the toji of the dam. and in 

of what is now the city of Central l-'alls, who alter years the apertures were increased in si/e, 

made use of the waters of the Hl.ickstone i\i\er all of which w-ere readily sold to as many nianu- 

for \'arious kind of maiiut.Ki ui ing. In 1/77 tacttn ing Cducerns. The Xos. i and _■ jjrivileges 

Henjainin C"o/-/ens ot i'ro\idence, who was at were bought by John Kennedy and David and 

this time o|)erating a fulling mill at I'awtucket ( ieorge Jenks, respectively, both of which were 

l''alls, purch.'ised a water |iri\'ilege in Central hnally bought liy the .StalTord Mfg. Co., which 

I''alls on the Hlackstone i\iver, about where the com]iany is still the owner. 

.Stafford Manufacturing Co.'s plant is now Ici- The .Stafford Mfg. Co., the b'arwell Worsted 
cated. lie e\identl\- intended to utilize the Co., and the .American Ilau' Cluth Co. now own 
water power, but in I /.So he sold the property all of the water [lower on the mackstone River at 
to Charles Keene, who Iniilt a dam across the this point in Central l''alls. 'J'he jiresent dam 
river the same year that the purchase was made, was built by Kufus [.Stafford in 1863. The 
which was the tirst dam built m the town acrt)ss old dam was located just above the bridge, ami 
the IMackstone. I le proceedeil to erect a tac- the mill trench ran under the roadway. When 
tory for the inanuf.icture of sc)'thes ami nther the new dam was built there was a new ajipor- 
edge tools, one [lart being used by a Mr. West, tionment of the privileges, and the two trenches, 
manufacturer of chocolate, which gave to this the main trench leading to all of the mills, and 
section of the village the name of "Chocolate the indejiendent .Stafford trench, were cnn 
Mills." In 1 7. S4 Mr. Keene sold to Levi Hall, structed. The present apertures allowed to 
a merchant of Providence, a one-third interest each ot the original six ]irivileges are twenty-six 
in this water jirixilege, and these gentlemen teet each, and vary in dei-ith from ig tn 24 
were the sole owners of the entire water ])ower inches, according to position on the trench, 
of Central Falls at this time. L'pon the death From these water privileges the principal manu- 
of Charles Keene and Levi Hall, their widows facturing business of the town and city has de- 
sold the entire property in 1796 to .Stephen \'eloped, but many more important mdustries 
lenks, .Stephen Jenks, Jr., and Moses Jenks, have been built up in the manufacturing line 
and in iSod .Steiihen Jenks was the [principal within the city limits that have not enjoyed the 
owner of the Central Fall water power. In iSoS privileges that the Hlackstone afforded, which 
the old Chocolate h'actory was occupied by the incluile the New England ]''.lectrolytic Copper 
.Smithtield ^L^nllfacturing Co., manufacturers Co., whose works are located near the junction 
of cotton yarns, with 400 spindles. In iSii ot the Boston line tracks with those of the 
.Stejjhen Jenks built a machine shop uijon this W orcester Road, the L'. S, Cotton Co.. on 
site for the manufacture of muskets for the I'"oundry street, and a number of other concerns 
United .States (jovernment, part of which was li>cated in different parts of the city, 
afterwards used as a machine shop Iiy Stejjhen There was another dam built across the l^lack- 
Jenks iK: .Sons, and the balance of the building stone River a few hundred feet above the dam 
for the manufacture of cotton cloth. This at I'awtucket Falls, somewhere about 1792, 
building was l)urned in January, iSj(), and soon which provided about the same amount of power 
after a mill was built by Lemuel II. .\rnold and for the mill owners in I'awtucket as was fur- 
I'alemon Wolcott, for the manufacture of cdtton nished the manutacturers at Central h'alls at 
tluck, which was known as the "Duck Mill." the dam built by Charles Keene, and there was 
Charles Moies and Ceorge I^'. Jenks bought the ;' similar division ot the water ])ower, which was 
Duck Mill estate in 1S32, and the firm ot Moies, occasioned by the buikling of .Sargent's Trench. 
Ingraham e\; C'o., began the manufacture (jf cot '> canal that extended under Main street, empty 
ton thread. The lot on which the mill stood i"g mto the river proper again below I'awtucket 
, I , ,, f ,•, ,f , , ■ . , I-alls. 1 his uiMier dam supiilied this trench with 
was sold to Kufus .Statlord, and is now a i)art o . , ^ 11 .u -n 

' a gi\'cn amount ot water, as well as the mills 

the .Stalford Mfg. Co. property. In i.S?? the situated on the dam, which included .Samuel 

owners of the Central I'"alls water pri\-ilege IkuI .Slater's original mill. 



AND BUSI\1-:SS MKX Ol' RHoDK ISLAM). 



241 



Stafford Manufacturing Co. — .Maiuil';uiuri.rs 
lit cotton yarns. liusiiifs.s cslahlislioil l)\ 
Rufus J. StalTord, who carricil cm tlu' l)u>inc>s 
lor sc\cral \ rar> piinr t'l iSdo at tlu' .\'o. 1 
|iri\iles"c ol' tlic (-\-mral l''all> dam that was 
l)iiilt h}' Charles Kccni- in ijSo. 'Ilu- l)nsincss 
was incorporated nndrr the present name in 
iS(i4. the principal sli jckliohiers heins;' jose])li 
\\(.)o(.l and join 1 .\. .\danis. [ '|)on the death of 
.Mr. Wood in 1 ■'^J.v Mr. .\danis became the 
I'resident and Treasurer of the companw 
which po>itions he held nntil lii^ death. .Ma\' 24. 
lXi)_'. I lis Min, liihn h. .\d;ims, then hec.ime 
the I'resident and .\i^ent ot the corporalon. and 
still holds thosi' positions. The position of 
Treasurer i> held hy his son, Rnfns S. .\dams, 
\-\. S. I'.inf'inl heins; the Secretary of the com- 
])any. The mills of this conipan\- are situated 
on hoth sides of tlu' river near the hrids^e in 
Central l';ills, k. I, Mr. |,,hn I'. Adam- ha^ 



.\merica in 1X53. who si.'itled in Wooiisocket, 
R. I., where lie attended the public sciiools pari 
of the time, and ])art of the time was employed 
in one of the milK of that town nntil he was 
ten years ol aj^e. W hen he was (.•iijhteen lie 
entered the machine shop of the I larris 
Woolen C<i.. and after -t-r\in!;' his time as an 
apprentice he seemed a ])ositioii in Jaincs 
llrown's machine slio]) of I'awtucket. and later 
wt'nt to work for the h'ales iK: jenks .Machine 
(. o. Here he remained nntil he liej^an business 
on his own account, his s|iecialt\ beinj.^ a ])atent 
shell roll, which is superior \ii ilu- old fashioned 
roll. It can be adiusted tn all kinds of spin- 
nin;^ frames, and L;reatl\ f.'U'ilitates the work, 
besides che.'ipeninL; the cust and im]iro\-ini.;' liie 
i|uality of ilu- wmk. Mr. Jackson has also 
brouylit out man\ more import.ant |)atents in 
machinery and small Inols. W .alter 11. lack- 
son, the Treasurer :\]\i\ Secietar\ of the com- 




View of Central Falls, R. I., from the Belfry of 
Original Charles Keene Dam, Some 

been a member of tin.' ('oninion C'ouncil ni 
I'awtucket for sexeral \'ears. and was a mem- 
ber of the Hoard of .\ldermen for the years 
i8y2 and iXi),V ''i many other ways he has 
shown his ])\d)lic s])irit as a citizen of this city. 
In 1864 he purchased the Lanseville Maiutfac- 
lurinj; Co. plant of Lanesville. Mass.. which he 
developed into a model manufacturins^ ]dant. 
and the people of the town, to show their 
appreciation. ha\e chani.;e(l the n.ame of the 
|)lace to A(lamsd;ile. 

Jackson Patent Shell Roll Co. — .Manufac 
turers oi cotton machinery, the Jackson ])ateut 
shell roll, tools, etc, Rusiness establishetl in 
iS8(i by David Jackson. Incorporated in i88(j. 
Works located at 47 I'latjley street. Pawtucket, 
R. 1. l{ni])loy 25 hands. ( )fticers : David 
Jackson, I'resident and Cieneral Manager; 
Walter II. Jackson. Treasurer and Secretar\ . 
David Jackson, the I'resident of the corpora- 
tion, was born in Lancashire. Ln<jland. 
.March 2. 1847. lie came with his parents to 
(Iti) 



Greene & Daniels Mills, Showing the Site of the 
500 Feet Above the Present Dam. 

I)any. was born in lohnston, R. I., .\o\ember 7. 
1870. His \outh was spent in the boroui^h of 
I )anielson. Conn. Me has handled \ery suc- 
cessfully the tin.anci.il end of the business. 

The R. Bliss Manufacturing Co. — Manufac- 
tiu-ers of hardware s])ecialties, hand screws, 
mallets, car fjates and novelties, lousiness es- 
tal)lished in l8_^2 by Rufus I'.liss. Incorporated 
in i87_v Capitalized for $i5(),(TOC). h'mploy 
j;50 han<ls. ( )ne of the lartj-est manufacturers 
I if tov noxellies in the I'nited States. Works 
located at 5,^3 .Main stret't, I'awtucket, R. I. 
()tticers: Heiiry ]•'. Willard. I'resident; \. H. 
Cohvell. ( leneral .Manatjer; W. R. Clark. Secre- 
tary and TreasiH'er. The car .L;ales ma<le by 
this compan\- are in i^eneral use throui.;hout 
the countrx' on steam and electric cars, beini,; 
considered the safest and easiest ,L;ate to oper- 
ate that is manufactured. I'ower for the plain 
is sup]ilied wholly by steam. This is one of 
the most substantial manufacturin<:^ coiicern.s 
of the State. 



-4- 



HKXikAlMIKAI. HISTORY OFTHH M A N T I'AC'll " R I'.KS 



Farvvell Worsieci Mills.— Ahiiiiiiaiiiim--. ni' _\ far>. I U- ilnii \\v\\\ in I'a^niaL; in lakr 

\\oi>U(l L;n.,.N l..r nunV wear, I'.ii-iiK'ss c> cliar.m' uf the \via\in.L; mnni fnr I'liilip llaw- 

KiMi.lu.l' m iSm.(. Mill^ I.K-alol n, iVnlral '^'"r- -V'^''- '■V"^""",'- "'"' ' V"' '"' ':"-''^^''' 

\, ,11 I \i 1. ^^"Ii \ I. ^a\h-N ..I thr >anir ]ilarr as SniKTin 

a N. \. ., aih in \ h i r » 'ii i. A a-^v, .iivi , i , ,• i , i . , i .■ 

uinUiil 111 In- cxlrnsui- |ilanl, wliuii pusiiinii 

n>-s Ih-uii ni \l i.ldKh. irn Mill a I'rw \ rai> l^- filKd fcr niiu' \rar-, lli~ rxpcrinirc lia\ 

aL;i>. I' iTiliTuk S, I'arwcll. tin- pn ipi-uti ir, is m;^ niadi,' liiiii laiiiihav with cvrrx Inaiuli cif 

a iialur 111 Xrw laiir. \ t., \\ liiir In: was liniii llic W'kiIih inauiilarl mini; Ijiisiiu---,, lu- jiail a 

laiiuaiv II, lS.(V \ 111 T ciiniplrliiiL; his cihiia- drsiir hi lir^iii niakim.^ l^ikmIs ,in liis uwu ar 

liiiii 111 llir pnlilu' soliiiiils lit his nati\r lnwii, iiniiil. In ariinil with this aniliitiini lu- rii 

whii'li was at a \ ri"\ rarl\ aL^c. Uv wriit tii ti'iail inlii | iaiiiuisln|i witli William Tinkham. 

Willis 111 a wiiiilm lai'tiir\ in MilKillr, Ma-s., a \i-lrraii inanii I arl iiiTr. m l''~-7,v I hi'ir inami- 



.s^i'^y^ 




:\A^^ 






T J 










Farwfll Woistcd Mill^, Cential F.ills, R. I. 

w liriT lir liarnid lii \\.;ui-. rrnianiim; in thr l.hliirniL: |ilaiil \\a- kn-ali-il in I I arris\ ilK-. 

iiii|ilii\ Ml llial iii|ii|ian\ liir aluiiit h\r \oar- 1\ I , llir liiisiius~ luiii^ i-arrinl .hi iiiiilci' thr 

rills was the 1 iri^inniiiL; I'l a larccr in maiin linn naiiir iii linkliam .S.' larwrll iiiilil 1SS4. 

I'ai'l iiriiiL; ihal Irw mm 111 Xi-w lii^;laiiil lia\r w Inn \lr I arwrll -iihl In- nUrrcst I11 Mr. 

ii|nallril. w It h I lir hmitril ad \ aiitau;i- that Mr I ink ha in 1 I r I hen nitrrrd nil' 1 ] la n lu-rshii 1 

larwili had lMi..iiirnd with. liiiii MilKilh with ( liaiir- IKlidnr and ii]KTali-d ihr \a 

hr w lilt ti 1 I xlindL'i'. -\la-- . w liiTr 111' inL;aL;id ii.Hial Wm-trd Mill- at 1 »liu\ \ illr. .\lr kar 

111 niakinu; I'l.iin hanus-r- and rliaiii- at thr w rll ml ri idnriii;; and -ii) n run riidniL; ihr wra\ 

"-ax Ir- ^lill- In lannarx. I Si . 1 . lir wrnt li. 1 iil; di pan niriit 1 I r ] Hiri liasrd .\ i r k hi rllrr'- 

I ii'aiiil r\ ilh . 1\ I . and i-ntind thr rnipkix 1 a inUTr-t in I Si 1 1 . and a- lir wa- thr lai'm'-i 

1 'liil I i']ilaiT \- Si-ai;ra\ r- a- -n-tiiiii hand 111 -ti iidslii ddrr in thr n ir)H iral ii m lie prai't irallx 

till- wraxiiiL; I'liiiiii 111 ihiir mill, ri'm.aiiiiiii^ Iwi' n iinhirl id thr lin-inr--. In 1 .S. 1 :; ili,- .Xatiinial 



A\l) lUJSINKSS MKN OK RHODK ISLAND 



■^43 



WiirsU'd Mills wrrr r(iii--i ilnhit(.-il with llu- 
I'roviilc'iuT W nr^tnl Mills, m which Mr. 
I'ictcluT was llu- ci intrc illiiiu; owiur. tlu' com- 



<li\iili.-(l into six ])ri\ ili.-.<i(.-s. llu- mIcI dani was 
built al)(>\c ihc j^rcsont brid.uji-. and wlu-n tlu- 
new dam was built bclnw tin- bridtri.- tlu-ri- wa-s 



billed c<)in|)aiiie> bt-inij chartered b\ llu Uliode a new ai)])i)rtinniiient nl llu- water prix ilet;e. 
Island (leneral Asseniblv under the name oi "in- "f which the l-'arwell WdrsU-d .Mill> arc 



the .\'atii)nal and I'rovidence Worsted Mills, now the rit;lilfnl 



Ihe ])lanl is also 



and capitalized at Sj,(x:)o.ooo. When the Xa- 
tioiial \\'orsted .Mills were started l)\ Mr. l-'ar- 
well, ihey had ni o])eration sniiu- 75 Iddiii^ 



sn])])lied with sUam imwer to tlu- extent i)t 3CXI 
horse power, by a I iarris-( orliss enijjiiic, and 
the work- are siiji|ihed wilh their own eb-ctric 



but when ihe c< misi didalion took ])lace there li.t;htiii.ii' ])lant. 
were 2,i,J liMinis in operation. h'or ei.i.;hteen The l-'arwell Wnisied .Mills .Xn. j, ot .\liddle- 

numths lie remained with the new ci )rporatioii bori). .Mass.. w i.-re |)iirchased by .Mr. l-'arw-ell 

as Sn])erinteiub-iit nf the w"ea\ iii.^ mills, and a tew \ ears aujii. alter llie mills had lieen idle 

then tendered his resij^natii ni. In 1S04 lu' lor schk- time. Mr. larwell eipii|)])ed them 

|)iirchased the Central lalls W.ndin .Mills. with mdilei-n m,-iclimer\ and bt-^aii maiinf;ic 




^ f^J^^,^^ 



.X^ "m *>• ' 49- 






.-■•{H^qjj^^ 




Farwell Worsted Mills, No. 2, Middleboro, Mass. 

which is ihe plant iimw (Hcnpii-d, When he innnu; win'sted u;iicids ihr sanu- \ ear of ihe 

tiiok ch;irt^e ril the mills iheie were but 31) inirchase dI ihe ])ri)perl\. Ibex are siliiated 

loom> in oj)er;itiim. bin inside ol' a \er\ tew on the .Xi-m.-iskel l\i\er. Ir<im which llu-\- 

nioiilhs ihere were I4_' looms inrnini^ out a utilize al>oiit Xohnrse pi iw er t lire uiL^h a KihIi-cx- 

tine .L;i"a<k- I't w.irsu-ds, and llu- mill pro]iert\' limit tnrbine, ;md ,-i Harris (',,rliv-, iii;L;ine of 

has been \ er\ mncli improxed ,-|iid the ecpiip- loo lnn-se power supplies the rest .it the power 

men! thronLjhoni is nuirleni in e\ er\ respect. rc-cpiired tor the rmmiiiL; "i ihe plant. 

.Sonie 3_'5 hands are einpkixed in llu- ( eiilral I. Ilar\e\ .Merrill is the ."superintendent of 

l-'alls mills ,-iiid .-ibdUl k lo in the .Midilleln .r' 1 mill. \\\v t'eiitral balls .Mills, and ( 'liarles ilackinij: 

The ('t-nlral l-';ills mills are siuialeil .111 the is Sni)eriiileiidciit ■ if 1 he mills at M iddb-ljuri 1. 

lUackstone l\i\er. trom which sireain lhc\ are .Mr. |-:irwell is ]iromiiieiil 111 tlu- \.irii>us 

su]iplii.-<l with about V"' luirsc- ]»iwer lliriiuu;li clubs and ;issi nial!' nis iil the' Stale. lie is a 

ihrei.- turbines, which is ilu- iii-i;^-nial L;raiit ;is ]iasi m.-isier 1 if 1 .r.-milc 1 .1 idL;v-. ' it bfee .MasDus. 

proxided in iS.^.v \x hen llu- xxaters ,-n ihc- dam .iiid .1 member 1 ■! ( alxarx I iiinmanderx of 

built b\ ('liarles Ixeeiu- in t'eiitral I'.tlls wrre I'ri i\ ideiice. 



-'44 



HloCkAl'llKAI. lllSrOKV Ol' Till'; MAM'l'AC TL'Kl'RS 



John J. Kenyon ManufacUinno Co. — \lanii 
laotiiriTs nl ]il:ini and laiu'\ ia|n- ami luauN 
l(if mamilacl lUiT-' iim.-. IkkiI. ^Ikh ami inr^ii 
hu'iiiL;--. ^ia\ IiiikIiiiu;. i;la/iil \arn^, ^jumjI ct<{ 
tun ami k-iuiN llii^nn'^- i^IaMi^lu-d in I Xi >- 
li\ riionia^ IviMuim \- Sim 1 uii ip] n ivatiil m 
Api'il. lSi)7, nnijcr llic ina-^c-nl nann;. lln' ra|ii- 
laii/atum liruiL; S|i>(>.(«iii I in|ilii\ :^ni> lianiU 
< M'tu'ci-^ : liiiui |. I\rn\(in. I'li-nKnl and 
I ii-.i^niii : KmIkti \ Ktiunn. \ i.t rrr-^idiiu : 
Inlni !■ l\in\.'n. Si-iTcl ai'\ ; lanu- krnxim. 
Snpcnnl rndrni hilni J kctiMin. llir I'la-^i 
di'nl anil rrra--nrrr iil llu- ri ir| n >ral n mi , w a^ 
1)1 iin in I .anca^lni'i', 
I'.n^land. \'i i\ rniln i 
_'5. iS.V' \l I lie aL;r 
uf i-iylil lie wriil l'> 
\\ I irl< a-^ a 1 nr 1 n >\ ti > 
I ill H'k pniil cT^. al I rml 
m;; >ol)iinl half ' li llu' 
1 inir and w i irkiiiL; tin- 
nlluT hall' \i I lu- a,m' 
III ii inrlrrii he \\ a~ ap 
|>i\-nlirccl ti 1 W alki T 
i\: Sun 111 Mamhi-^li r. 
!■ ni^land. \\ here he 
k-anu-il ilic niannfai- 
turf and lini'-hinL; ul 
r 1 II t h 111 all I lu- 
hramdu'.N. \\ liu li in 
I' I n d (• d -^|llllnIn;.^. 

\\ <.-a\ inL;. Mrai him^, 
d\ emu;, ami ] ninl iii^ 
AlUf (iim|ilrlin^ lii^ 
trade he lainr lu 
NnuTii'a in iS^^ and 
^ernrrd i iii|ili i\ nunt 
in llu- iirii;inal I'rm 
iuTtmi Mill, 111 I ,a\\ ITIUT, \la^--. when- he \\a~ 
at WDik m iSliii. wlirii tin- mill IntihliiiL; ii il 
la|i-.cd. ran^inu a t;rrat lii>^ nl' life, Mr 
l\tn\iin evraprd with im •^c■t■MU-. liiidiU harm 
After llii^ lie went tii I 'Inlailel] ihia. I'a . and 
remained nnlil the lireakiiiL; lUil nl the Reliel 
linn, when lie retnriied In l'.nL;laml. In reinrii 
;iL;ain tn \nieriea in iSi.^. linaliiit; in I'aw 
tneket. i\. I In eiiiii|i.an\ with lii^ father he 
eiif.;af;ed in ihe mannlaeture nl lape-- and 
liraid> m the nld i iieene Mill at 3(1 I'.a^t axe 
nm.', the hrm name lieinu; rhnma> l\eii\nii X: 
Snii. I pnn the death nl hi> fatlu-r lie earrii-il 
iiti the lin^ine>N in hi- nwn naitu-. wliuli 111- 




John J. Kenyon 



iiea-ed -11 raiMillv the nld null wa- tint larL;e 
ennn;^h In handle llie lin-ine--. and nthi-r 
rnniiw were hired 111 nther liiiildiiiL;-. until fniir 
dillerenl -luip- were ill ii]ieratiiili lie-ide- the 
nnL;inal lai'tnr\ I lii> arrangement -n divided 
the hn-iiie--, Mr. Iseliynii fnnnd it dilfienlt In 
]ier-niiall\ -liperimeiid the department-, and 
111 nider In linn;,.; them all tiiu;elher under mie 
innl. Ill lNi)3 he erected a laelniw m that part 
nl rawtiiiket kiinwii a- I )arlinL;ti 111. V"' ffet 
Inii^ l'\ 3n leei wide, ail illn-lratinii I if whieli 
1- -Imwn ii|inii ihe nppn^iii- paL;e, din- fae- 
|ni\ ha- prn\ en nl Lireal ai|\anl;iL;e In the eit\ 

li\ its Inealinii at the 
iinrt lua-terii part nf 
t lie eit \ , w here t lu-fe 
w a- \ er\ lit 1 le I hat in 
diealed Ini-im-- lile 
when \\ r l\t-ii \ nil laid 
the |i iiiiid.al 11 in li ir lii- 
inill Nnw there 1- 
ipilte a tlliekl_\ -ettled 
lieii;hlii irhi 11 id. n iiind 
alii ml the laeP ii\ . and 
e\ ery \ ear ili ite- a 
L;i'adiial L;ri iw ill. Ihe 
mill 1- i.i|nippeil with 
all I if 1 he nil iilerii nia- 
ilimer\ reipiired in 
the mannlaeture nl 
their -nnd-, and, the 
pi iw er Inr the iilaiil i- 
-upplied li\ a 1 lai"ri-- 
( nrli-- -team eiiL;iiie 
111 I ^( > hi ir-e pi iw cr, 
and the II iiupaiu ha\ e 
their nwn ileclric 
liLjIuing plant. Iheir 
piniluel- are -nld I lin in^hiuit the riiiled 
Slate-. priiuipalK aiiumL; maiiu l.iet urer-. and 
-lime 111 their u;niid- are expnrled. 

.\h- kemnii ha- heeu niu' nl the nin-l re 
-peeled and mllneiitial eiti/eii- nl the eit\ Inr 
mam \ ear-, hi- uuihnd- nl dniiiL; lui-ineN- 
heiiiL; -neh a- In will the enntideiue .ind L;iind 
will i>i e\ er\ enmerii that he li.id dealiil!;- 
with, and till- eniilideuee pminpted the kepiik 
hean l'at"l\ nf the eit\ i>i I'awnuket In nnnii 
iiate linn fnr the nlf'iee nl Mavnr 111 the -jirinu; 
iti 11)111. .\lr. keiunii wa- XcliiiL; .Maxnr nl 
I'awtneket in iSiji). and hi- admini-lrat n m w a- 
a thnrnUL;hl\ l)ii>ine-- uwr, de\nled In llu- ke.-^t 



AND BUSIN1';SS MKN OF RllOUl'; ISLAND. 



245 



interests of the community, whic-h was iiaiural Central l*"alls. lunploy-^ al)out 35 workmen, 
from his method of (loinij everything well that I'ower supplied l>y a J-, hor^e |)ower engine. 
i-onicv to his hands. Mr. Kenson i- assisted I'.nildinj.;^ is 40 hy 100 feel, three -tories. 



in ln> niana^'enient of the affairs of ihe eor- 
|)oration 1)\ his three sons, who ha\(.' Keen 
hrout^'hl up in the htisiiiess. 

J. S. White Co. — .Maniifaeturer> of iron cast- 
inj.(s, shaftinij. hantjers, ]>idU'y>. furnaces, and 
do ijeneral machinery work. I'.nsiness cstah 
lished in 1S47 1)\ |. S. \\ hite. who wa-^ one ol 
the most highly res])ecled citizens of I 'aw 
tucket. I'oinulry located at _•_' Dester ■-treet. 
I'awtucket. The business is now under llu- 



Nasonville Woolen Mill. — .Manufacturers of 
cassimere>. I'aclnrv located at Nasonville. 
k. I., in tlie town of I'lUrrillville. tw^o miles 
hilow ( ilendale. I'.mploy 100 hands. I'ower 
derived from tlu' I'.ranch River. Leonanl 
.\ason l)e<;an tin- manufacture of a.xes and hoes 
a> earl\ a> iSjd. at this place, he havinsjf built 
a dam and erected a factory at that time. 
About 1S3X he leased a portion of hi.s factory 
1(1 |olin I,. Ilui;iies and Ih-iiry t'arpenter for 
















John J. Kenyon Mfg Co. Plant, Darlington, Pawtucket, R. I. 

manai;emenl of Henry T. White and t. I'.. the manufacture of kerseys, then known as 

llultervvorth. " .\ii.;.iL^er cloth." About 1S30 ihi.- works wcrt' 

Perseverance Worsted Co. — .Manufacturers increased in >i/c, .ind tln' maiitifacture of axe> 

i>t lancv worsted t;c)0(ls. liusiness cstablislu'd and hoe> was carried on e\tensi\el\-, the mill 

in 1883 l)v James TT. Singleton, the present lia\ing a c;i]iacit\ of looo axes a dav, besides 

Treasurer of the compan\-. who wa^ born in other tools. These works were nearly all de- 

r.radford. luigland. lie came to .\inerica the stroved b\ lire in 1S71. .\l,i\ 13th. -\noilu-r 

same year that the business of this coni])any building; was burned in iSSi, and the next 

was begun. Does a business of u])\vards of sjiring the found.ition for the present mill was 

Si ,ooo,0(X) amiually. Works located in W'oon laid. After being operated 1)\- se\eral concerns, 

socket. R. 1. ni iSSo |oslma I'erkins leased the ])roperty. and 

Albert Frost. — .Manufacturer of ])ai)er biixes. has carrii-d on the busimss since that time. 

I'lUsiness established in 1868 by the ])resem The place i- one of the \ ery attractixe mill 

owner. Works located at 448 High street, villages of t he State. 



J4'- 



Hl( X.KAIMIK Al lllSlDkN OK IHh. M A M ' 1- A( I I K I.KS 



Harrison Yarn & Dyeing Co. — Mamitai- 
inrcr> and (l\n- "\ ihHdh. wonloii ;ind worstcil 
\ari!-- and raw ^tock. l'.iisiiu->> c>tal>li>lud 




Richard Uariison. 

m iSti^ li\ Kuliard llairi-im ami lliiuna^ 
lla\lr\. liiii M |iMrali il in I Si (,^ and ia]iitali/i,d 
al 875.0(10, winrli i.\a- nicrca^r<l Im .'-^ i 51 i.c 11 10 
in li|<i<) Wiirk- liualrd al iS) I r.iiil --tia'rt. 
rawtnrki-t . 1\ I k,iii|ilM\ j( n 1 liainK, 1 U'ticcr^ : 
Isiidiard llani^on, i'rr-idiiu and liaa-niar; 
( iiai"l< ~ \\. llani^'Mi. \~^i~lanl I rca-nrcr aii'l 
< n-m-i-al Man.i'ji'i . klmrr k l.t-ni. Sn|uTMi 
Irndrni 

Uudiard Mani^MH, ilu- I'rr^iiUni and I laa--- 
nrri' "I tlir fMip. ir ii i. in , \\a^ luan ni liuddrr-- 
lirid, N iirk-^lnt c. kiii^kinik Maiali Jii, iS-'J. 
wiuTc Ik- k-armd In-- lr.-nU'. .and a! ilu- a^i- nl 
(.•itj-lili-cn \a-ar^ had > liarnr oi ilu- kirm'^l d\i, 
lion'-i- ni N'l uk^lniT. tnijik i\ ni^; ,V"' liand^. lir 
ranu- Im Xinrrii'a m icS^n .-md ln.ik rli;u'L;i ol 
ilu- d\a-ini.; iK-|iai-i nu-nl d ilu- l\iuk\ilK- Mann 
iai-UiriiiL; • o., UiukvilK-. U I . wlu-ri- lu- ihrd 
ilu- fir^t i-iillipii w.-irp- r\ rr d\rd in lhi~ Sl;iU- 
in iani-\ i-olnr^ llr w ,1^ al work in Nohin- 
iiiwii in iS:;j. and iriiin llu-rc- inii\cd tii ll.'ix- 
di-n\illi. \la~~. tlu-iu-c |.. i»akland. R. I. 
w luiT lu- \\ a~ 111 p~~ iK rr h ir |i ilin 1 .. l\ii~^. Mr 
iTinaiiu-d llu-rr im- \\\(> xrar- ;ind llun i aim 
tn rawlnrkit lii wink idr I in-riu \ Maiiu-U at 
ilu- lii-.-id iii llu-ir (l\riin.4 iK-|iarlnunl lU- vv 
iiiaiiud Willi ilirin iiiu- \ rar ami llun lu-uian 
lin--itu--- nil In- iiwii .u-iiinnl in i-Miii|ian\ witli 
riiDiiia- lla\l(-\ iimKi- ilu- firm nanu- iii 
lla\-K-\ \- 1 I aiii^i 111. Ill iSii^. in lln- li,i~rim-nl 



111 ilu- rayiu- ^^ 'r,-tylii|- I'liiildinc;- on l-'a^^t :\w 
init-. rawliukoi, wIutl- llu-y \stTi- .--npplicd 
with wati-r from Sariji-nlV iroiudi. which 
lap|K-d tlu- r>l;u-kstonc, l\i\-cr al ilu- iip]KT dam 
at rawliu-ki-l k.ilN, I Krr .Mr. llarri^on lu-L;aii 
ilu- ihriiiL; III wo|--U-d di-(--~s hraid> and wa- 
ilu- tir-l rr;.;nlaf d\i-r nl llu--c l;o(mK in tlu 
ioiintr\. 111 a U-w miiiith- ilu- lni~.iiu-^~ had 
iiu-|-ra^rd 111 5.01H1 piiiind-. prr ila\. Alti-r vi\ 
niiiiilh- in llii~ liiralion llu-\ lu-L;an tlu- loiimla 
I H HI 111 ilu- pr(--riil r\i<.-n^i\t- pkiiit 1 111 I run I 
■-ti-i-it. whirh wa- n nnidi-U-d 111 lSfi3, wluii 
tlu-\ niiixrd ilu- liii-iiu--~ 111 ilu- lu-w lartor\ 
In 1 SoS lu- liiiiiL;ht iiiit In- partiiri-'- mtc-ri--l 
.iiid liiiik in a-- iiu-nilii-r- nl tin- linn < iwrii >S^ 
(lark, inainitart iiri-r> of liiu- wiir-.U-d \ ariw. 
and iiiiodiiian \- 1 loard. iiiannfail iinr- of knit 
'.^iiiiiN It wa- at tlii- tiiiu- ihal .\lr llarn-mi 
II 111 Kill 10 k I lu d\ riiiL; and lilrarhiiiL; ol < u-nnaii 
llii-- Wor-u-il, wlmli n|i to llun had iu-\ a r 
ln-rii dmu- in ihi-- loinnrv. Inil lu- -m-i-ridcd in 
pvodm-iiiL; rr-.iill- lli.it i-ipi.-ih-d tlir fori-iL;ii 
prodiut . Ill 111- w hill-- Ihiiiu; hi- -prriall \ , Ilu 
following; \ lar tlu- iiunpaiu lH-L;an ilu- iii.iini 
fartiirr ol woolrii \arn- 111 \arioli- -.rrliini-- iil 
tin- St.'itr, hill ilii- lii-.-iiu-h of tlu- liii-iiu--- wa- 
■^^nrii up in iSjo. tlu- iiiti-ri-l- owiud li\ lii- 
p;irliiir- .-it th:it liinr ln-iii^ piiri-ha-i-d li\ Mi- 
ll ;iri-i-i m Ilu- -I \ Ir ol tin- (-iiiiipanx w a- l\ 
llairi-on \ (o. .ifui' Mr lla\K-\ -old lii- 
iiiur(--l lip 111 1S711. w lu-ii .Mr, llarn-iHi i-.-irfu-d 
■ 111 till- liii-iiK--- 111 hi- own nanii' iiiilil iNo.V 




Charles E. Harrison. 

wlu-ii ilu- liii-iiu--- wa- nuoipi iiatnl .-iiid capi 
l.ili/rd for S7,;.oo(i, nmh-i- tlu- nanu- ol ilu- liar 
11-011 \ .1111 \ |)\(-iiui I 0, hi- -on. CliarK-- \:. 



AND BUSINKSS MKX Ol'' RIlOUK ISLAND. 



247 



TIarrisoii. bectimint; a slockliDldcr and an ofH wnrks. lie is one of the dinclors (if ilic cor 
ciT of the corporation at that time, lie is a i)oration. 

native of Voluntown. Conn., where he \va- The first factory was 43x(kj feet, hnl as the 

ht)rn Januarx' 12. i<S57. After lea\in!.j school hnsiness has increased adcHtions lia\e l)i-en 
at the ape of eitjhteen he entered the employ hnilt from time to time until at present they 
of his father, bef^inninj^ at the lowest point have om.' of the Jjcst t'(|uip])ed and mo>t e.\- 

tensi\e plants of its kind in New Enij;land. 

l"or a number of years tiieir t>i)ods have been 
advertised under the (piotation of "IMacks that 
wash and don't fade"; in connection with this 
sentence there was a cut represeutinjjf se\eral 
coal black faces of briniil little net^ro children 
that made it one of tiie uio'~l strikiut;' adverti>e 



and workinsj; u]i thronf^h .ill the departments 
of the business. He then became Sniierin- 
tendent and sellint^ aj.;ent, and for the past two 
wars has been the .Xctin^' .Manas^er and .\s>ist- 
ant Treasurer. All Ihrcniyh his connection 
with the bnsini-ss he has been of inestimable 
\ alue to lii^ father in the ad\anci'inent ol tiie 




# 



,^^ 



Works of the Harrison Yarn and Dyeing Co., Pawtucket, R. I. 

ali'airs of the com]ian_\. .Mr. tharlo I'., liar- meiil^ of the |julilic ]ire^^. I lii^ \\a^ lirou|.;ht 

rison h:\> been lor a iiumbcr of years oiU' of about b\ the emer|iri>e of the concern whose 

the most inllueiUial men in the ])()litical i-ircle> l:no\\ jecli^e of i^cioil ad\ I'ltisiiiL; i-- reco^ni/.ed 

of I'awtucket. but he never >oin^lit ])iililic a> lu'iui; .abreast of the tinie>, Thi^ compaiu' 

ofiUce. He was city auditor for one year and for the p.i^t i\\eiit\ li\e \ eai> ha\ e manufac- 

lias been importuned many times to acce])! the tuied what i~ known a> [•';iir\ l"los>. which is 



nomination for other otiices. bin lia> alw;i\> 
refused. 

iClmer \L. I.eiit. the SuperiiUendcni of ilu 
works, is a native of \o\a Scotia, and has had 
extensive experience in the \ arn and d\einL; 
business. He came to ('eiilral l-'alN ;il the 
a<;e of three years, lie was .'-iu|iirinteiiileiii 
for (Ireeiie \- Daniels .Manufacturinj.;' t'o.. 
where he learned tlu' business, when he wa> 



crimped in a m.anner that niako it e\en 
throui^hout the skein and i- u>ed for knillinj; 
hoods .•md shaw Is, ^i\ iiii^ them a tlulT\ appe.ir- 
atice .■md \ ef\ lii^hl. Iliis work is done on 
speci.al machines ownecl exclusivfU li\ this 
coinpam and iinented 1)\ .Mr. Rich;ird ll.irri- 
son. Tiles are soK- maim lacturei's ,,\ these 
.L^oods ill this coiintr\. i lu' works contain 
about (10.000 s(|uare feet of tloor space and arc 
en^-aiL^ed to become Sii j)eriiUeiideiit of these simateil on the I'.lackstoiie River, I'ower for 



J4S 



HloCKAI'lllC Al, llISroKN' ol' 11 1 !•: MANUl-ACTl KIKS 



ilu- jilant 1- ^ii|>|ilu(l li\ llirn' II. .,!-,■ lioiKi- Strplun \. Uiik^. 1 'rr^idcnl ; ( kwi-,- 1 1 . \\ rlili. 

ol j^o Imr-r power racli aii.l ri-lit ni-iiu-^ of TrraMircr and ( iciural Manauri'; \llri-il |. 

(lifUTiiit .■ai)arilii-N, \\ rlih, Suju riiilni.lfiil. ( )iu- oi ilir lari^csi 

Mir Imlk o| ilu'ir liii>iiu--N i^ t iinii--linp^ marliiiurx plaiils in llir Stair. I'owrr fnr 

idilon \ arnv I, ir llic nsr ol woolen and \\or-.lrd nivlu(lli\ strain. I )o a lar.m- v\|ioi-i l.n-~inc>>. 

nnlK for nun'- wear m fa-t Mack- and rolor-. Lorraine Manufacturing Co. — ,\l annfarl nrer- 

lint llu-y aKo d\c w..oKii and \\or-.ird \ am- of coilon and wor-ud drr-- i; K and famx 

lor ilu- -anic IraiK'. and llun- iir.iihut- are -liii'l ini;-. I'.n-ine-- e-1 al)li--lied ni i XX i li\ 



lltill^HIII 

C^r r r r r r r r 




Lorraine Manufacturing Co. Plant, 

ll-ed tlnon,L;lioul \e\\ l\n,-land and l lie Mnldle W . k, \- k. t ^a\K- 1 1 ieoi| ,, .i.n ed m iXwo. 

^^latc-v. ( a])nali/ed, foi- S i .j^r j.ooo. kac'tone- k>ealed 

Pawtucket Manufacturing Co.— Al annfae '" I'.iwtnelsei ami \\e-leil\, k. I, ( iflieer- : 

inrer- of l„,|l. nm and -]ieeial niaeknierv . and ','""'^ ^ ^aUe-, I 're-n K-nt : J anie- \< .\lae( oik 



I rea-nier ami Seeiel; 



lie w I >rk- al I ;iw 



1 1. 1 1 , , , - , I I » .1- u 1 I I ,1 1 M I .-( ( I ei ,1 1 \ 1 ne \\ oi Is- a I 1 .l\' 

iioll- .and e.ild i.nnelied nnl- oi e\ er\ .le-enii- , i , . i i" - i ^■ 

' ' Inekel .ire aillolli; the kirL;e-t 111 tile .^l.ate, ; 

""" '■"-""-- >-1;ikli-lied 111 iXXj. and iiieoi- ,..,,, i„, .,,,.,, |,, ||„, aeeonii .an\ iiii; illii -I r.,1 ion 

!"""'"''l 1" \l:i> of the -.line \ e.ir W.irk- and I lieir prodnel ion- rank Willi t lie ke-l i;ood- 

loealed on ( ■onanl -treel. I'.iwlnekel ( irfieer- : on the nnirkel in llieir ila--. 



AND BUSINI';SS MKN ()!•" klluDK ISLAND. 



249 



Janu-s R. MacColl, tlie (Icncral Mainii^'cr of 
tin- husiiu'ss. was l)i)rn in ( lla^l;(l\v, Sontland. 
April 2, 1X5(1. lio i-(iiii|)lttr<l lii> rilncalicin 1)\ 



Tin- Lorraine Mills arc situated on the 
Mo^liassuck River. i'ower for the plant is 
^n]iplieil li\ a ('()rlis> horizontal and .Mcintosh 



taking,' a course at the (ilas.ijow Technical ( ■il X: Seymour vertical steam en.s^ine ot 2.300 

le,L;e. and in lS"! he entered the eni|ilo\ of horse power, and the com])any"s own dynamos 

llenrv i'yfe i'<: Son, of ( ilasL;-ow. niannf.-iclnrer^ furnish electric power for liiihlin.n' purposes, 

of dre>s ^ood-,. I n compan v wit h Jolni Tlioin Tlie Westerly mills arc >ilnate<l on the \':i\\- 




« tl •< fc t, 



' *i 



Pawtucket, Rhode Island, 1901. 

son he purchased lhi> lin-ines-~ in 1878. ;ind catuck l\i\cr. and -.nppHcd i)y |>ower from a 

contmued it imder the tirni name of Tlionivon ^''"■li>s steam cn-ine of 300 horse power. 

. . , I , ■ ,, I .00, 1 . i> . 1 . I liesc niilK are aUo lighted li\- electricit\' froni 

iV .\lacC oik In 1882 he i-ame to r.-iwlucket a^ , 1 1 1 • 

d\nanio> operated li\ llic comjjanv. 

the mana-er ol the L..rramc .Manntactiir.n.L; \^ ^..„.,, ,.,^ ,X,s there wa> a small mtll 

( o.'s .Mills, which i.osition he has retanicl until Maiidiii- on the site of this I'awtucket plant, 

the present time, the works lieini.; iiicre.a-ed ujiicli w a^ removed to make way for the new 

from lime to time as the Iin-ine>~s de\elo)ied structure. It was used for the manufacture of 

under his manaL;ement. tliread li\ Samuel Sanders. 



-'SO 



Hi( t(,K.\i'iiu Ai iii.^iokN ()i- rill'. M.wri'ACi I Ki;k.s 



The Robert U. Mason Co. — I'.lrarlur^ and tmind iii I'aw l lukct td Iul^iii tin- llu^ln^-^^ 

,U<rv ,i|' ^|i.Mil tliicail. kiulIiiiL; lotlini. rcniN. wliuli he ti jIIi i\\ (■<! loi' almul lill\ \ rar-i. In 

liraiiU. lain-^. rti,. ln^a'llirf willi Wimliii ami \Sj(> in- |ui|-ilia^iil ln~ |iai'tnr|-^' intrri.--l -. aiul 

\\iir>-tri| \ain^ and liraiiU ul i\<r\ dc^(ri|)l n in. ni i SSc ) lie ad\niltrd In-- ^im. !■ rcdnu Is l\. 

-liKknul and iri-^i\ ilnili, lUi^nu'^^ r^Iali Ma^cm. a^ a |iarlnrr. In I Si iJ ihc Ini^nu'^-- 

livlu-il in iSci; 1)\ r.arnr\ .\lrn\. xsliuli lia^ \\ a^ inii irpi nal rd nndii llu' nanunl ilu' Knli- 

liriTi raii'ud i m li\ ln~. di-crndanl -- hii nraiU iTl I) .Ma^im ( ii. Willi a lapilal iil S K « i.( ii ii i. 

a liundrrd \i,ar~ llu \\iirk~ wiic minmalU .\ir. \la--Mii Ih-iiil; i1i<' I'li-nlrnl iil the rmn 

linill III llu- irar mI llir .\K-ir\ hi iinr^l c ad . i m pain, and k ladciick. k .Ma^mi. I ii.a'^niTr. 

ka^t axiiiiH. I 'aw I nrkri . w licrc llir ]ilain wa~ I lir inrria-in;,; Ini^iiic-^ dtinaniliiiL; niina- 

iiu-|a-a>-ril Irinn imn- Im linir as tlir demand-- I'l larilil ir-- and a larL^rr r--l al ili-lnm-nl . llir new 

llu- liiisinc'v-- rriiiiiiTik kin- wa- tlu- lir--l ni |ilanl imw ihi-ii|iui1 ihi k-ti-ti axrimr. rear ■■! 

d<|K-nilrnl lilcailuTx a nd 1 1 \ r In ui-^r r>l akli-lu-d f'>77 .Mam -Irrcl. rawliukrl. w.i- Iniill llu- 



in 1 In- 111 \ III I '.1 w 
tiu'kcl , and |iri il i.d d \ 
the l'ir-1 in New Imil; 
land I'.armw \len"\ 
died in iSj^. .md In.' 
wa- sllieeeded k\ 111- 
.--1 HI, Samuel \! enw , 
w hi > ei Hit mm d i he 
lill--ine>> under ihe 
iii"iL;inal name mild 
iSiiii. when he ad- 
mitted lli.s lle|i|lew, 

kiiliert I '. \\ ,1-1 ill, .as 
a meinlier nf the liiiii 
III SaiUllel .\liii\ »S. 
( II., .\lr. .\la-iiii lia\ 
iiil; liecii in lii> iiiiele- 
em|)li i\ Miiee i N^i i. ae 
i|Uirm!; a |iell'eel 

kill iwleduje I if the Im- 
llleNs 111 e\(r\ ile|i.irl- 
lllelll. I le W.I- a]i 
pi niited Sii|iennt end 
eiit III llu- eimeerii in 
iSdi. wliieh |Mi-iiiiiii 




\ ear I il I lie iiiei ii pi ira 
tiiiii 111 the li|i>iiie.->>. 
,iiiil the iild wiirk- 
.iliaiiiiiined 1 hi- i- 
ei ill-ldereil line iil ihe 
lie-l eijllipped hleaeli 
iiiL; ami d\ i'iiil; e-t.ili- 
h -hnieiil .-ml he ei niii- 
t r\ . where -I line I ;i i 
iiaild- ,ire em|ilii\ed. 
Ihe eapaeily <>\ the 
iiriL;nial wiirk- wa- 
aki Hit I .31J1 ) pi iiiml- 
jier <la\ . and 1 he eap- 
aciu III' the pre-eiit 
plant 1- -'1 1.1 11 11 ) pi iimd- 
per d;i\ \lr .MaMUi 
w a- :d w a \ - ideiit itlei 1 
w It h llu pn iL;re-- and 
ile\ ell ipmellt 1 1 f I he 
eil \ III I 'aw 1 nekii . 1 le- 
iiil; al w a\ - ml ere-ied 
in its \ aril m- enter- 
pi i-e-, .iiiil 11 innted a> 
I me I it her nil 1-1 iiilln- 



Robert D. Mason, 

he held iiiiiil he liee.aiiie a iiuinln r I il I he firm, enii.d eiti/en-. I pmi in- de;itli. in |aiiiiar\. 

al'ler whieh he pr.aet le.ail \ lieeame the lieiieial lSi|S. In- -mi. kreik-nek, \\ . tlieii lieeame the 

.\i.-iii.aL:er 111' the Ini-iiie-- in 1S711. .iller the i're-idenl .iiid .^eeretarx 1 if I he ei ir] n ir.il u m , and 

wiirk- had -nltered .111 explii-nm ihat eaii-ed the ^eiier.d management ul the Ini-iiu--- de 

ei ni-ideraiiie limaiuiai in--, ,\lr Meiiw reined xnUid whiillx ii]iiiti him, ahiiiuii;li he iiai fi h 

friini aeti\e liii-nie--, and the lii in name then -e\er,il \e.ir- ] ir.ul leall \ Idled ihal pn-ilinii. 

wa- eii.an-i'ii in knliert Ik .Ma-mi X' * n. llu 1 I ,■ 1- ,1 n.ilue nf I ',iw 1 nek el , where he wa- 

I )e\tii 1 '.n it her- ii.ei iiiiinL; 111- a--i ii'iale- ,\lr linrii .\iarili 11, 1S311 \ller leaxiii- the piili 

\la-iiii w.i- imrn in I 'a w llieiset , k, 1 , .M.iieh in. lie -eiinnl- he entei-ed the prnale -elinnl nl the 

|S:;_' ill reeeued hi-, edlieatinii ill the pnlilie kiw . (\ \k W heeler, nf i '11 1\ ideiiee. and enin- 

-eluiiil-. and al the a^i nf -ixleeii lie Weill In pleted In- ednealinii .at I'.rnwil I iil\er-il\. lak- 

laiinlnii, .\ia-- . In learn llu' -a-li and liliiul iiiu a Iwn \ ear-' emii-e in elieiiii-tr\. .\ftei- 

ir.ide with hi- lirnthei lie wnikcd .il till- till- lie lieeame a--i-tanl In in- f.iliier in llu 

Ini-ine-- fur iiL;hteeii niniilii-. .and then re in:iiiaL;emeiit nf hi- inaiinlai't iirim.^ Ini-ine--. 



AM) lU'SINKSS MI'.N ()!■ RlloDI': ISLAM). 



ami was ailiuilU-il a~ a iiuniluT of tlir tinn m imnud, ami llu- -anic \rar tlu |>ri.-scnt coni- 



|SS(). ami cKTlrd rrra~iiror upnti tin- im-or 
|i(iralii>n ni tlu lni>iiu'ss in iXijj, 'I'lir work 
ilniic li\ ilii> rnm-iTii i> Cdiisidcrcil a^ tine a~ 
an\ ijiMU' h\ an\ ilxciiii;" ami Meacliinu; otali 
lislinuiil in tln> cmintrx. Ihr main ImililinL; 
i> tliriT >ti>rir> lii.L;li. with a ioiiy diu- >tc)r\ 
wiiiL; nil tin- sonth siilc ni the main strm-tiirr 
lii-siiles an rni^ine ninm. all luiill ol' hi-ick 



paiiy \\ a.-- iiudipnrati-il. witii a capitalization 
of $H)0.(XX3, ami the |)re>enl e\teii.--i\e works 
on Xorth Main >tfeet. I'awtneket, were hcf^tin 
ami the plant put in operation in Mareh. 18S4. 
In lS((4. ( )etol)er I. Mr. |aille> l)emi>sey dieil. 
1 he oltieeis o| the eor|ioration ari' : \\ illiaiii 
I'. Denipsey. i 'resident and Treasurer; .\lar\ 
|. l)empsey. Secretary, (ajjacity of the wt)rks 
ahont lifteeii tons j)er day. Water for bleach 



ill!; ]iiirpo-,es obtained on the premises from 
iiiiotintin- iti lloor space lo aliom 4<).(x)o s<piare ,,pen and artesian wells. M,-, I )enipse\ , the 




M 



The Robert D. Mason Co. Plant, Pawtucket, R. I. 

feet. The water sn|)pl_\' is furnished by original foiimler of the business, was one of 

sprin-s and artesian wells, and the i)ower for ''h- best dvers and bleachers in the couiitrv. 



the works is snp])lied bv three 130 horse |)owc-r 



le was borti in Irelatid in i8l(). July 30. and 



. came to \merica at the ai;e of tweiitv-two 

b.Hlers and a 100 h<,rse power steam en-,t,e. ^ ^,.^,.^ ,|^. |,^.^,.^,, hn^ness ,n hall Rivcr'print 

and the> have their own electric li.i^htm.u i)latit, u,,rks. where he remained three years, l-'roin 

Dempsey Bleachery and Dye Works. — there he went to rrovidence. and soon after to 

lUeachers. dyers and hnishers of c.tton -ood- 1 .onsdaK- as the overseer of the(lve works 

1.,, ■., .'.„rr.i, 11 I . i\ of the l.onsdale ('oiniianw remaininu' some 

l.usiiiess estahlished l)\ lames I )empse\ 111 , ■ c ■ 1 • 1 , 

, , . ^. , ,, ■,■",■ , ,' , twentv-two \ t-ars. \ttt-r leavini^ tins place he 

iSSo in North I rovidence. h,s .oits. John j. ^^..^^ em,>loved \,^ a nnmber of other concerns 

and Wilbain I'.. bem,i.i employed as mana-ers „, various part- of the cmnlry before be,ii-in 

of the business. In iSSj these works were ninv, Imsine^s on hi> ow 11 accoiinl . 



HKXiRAI'HICAl. IlISTom nl Till. MA MM-AC'l I ' K MRS 



James Brown's Machine Shop. — Maimi.u- ti\ ah mi; aln mi 1S41). lU imikdiu lii-^ i>au-iii - 

!nm" (il iiiltim ami iiinlam' niai'linnrx . I'.iim id iin])n i\ (.iiicnl tiir ilu- s|ic(,(Kr in |aiuiar\. 

ni^'. i~lalili^luil m ilic woikv >liii\\n iipmi tin- ^^r<7 lli> ini|iiM\i(| lallu- l«ir tin- li ms^itudinal 

"|)|ii'Mtr paj^i- ni \X.\i} 1>\ |anu> S. I'.mwn. Imt lminni4 nl IhkIIo nf irrru;nlar lHnu- wa'- iK- 

he \\a-- 111 (■( iiii|iaii\ Willi a Mr. I'itiluT a^ rarK -il;iui1 h ir iiiakiiii; o>iii)n niailniirr\ nill>, Iml 

a-- 1SJ4. ilir lm-.inr^^ luiiii; .arruil .m iiiuKr alur llu- lircalsinu; 'HU nl tlu Kilirllidii il \\a- 

1 lie t'iriii iiaiiir I >l rilrlur\ I '.ii jw 11. 1 lii;ir \\ 1 nk^ liimid i.> In- will ailapud hir ijic liiniini; til 

Kriiii; liKaliil al wlial 1-. now ilu- " I 'nii !;..;(.• Mill. " l;iiii harvrK. ami a-- a la-^nll llir nilirr i->lali 

lu-ar llu- lalU In iS.jj \\v I'.rowii ]mi\lia--ril li--lunriil wa-- ni^ai^nl in makiiiL; li"il> ami 

liix |iaitmr'^ inu rr-^l ami n )iii niiu il llic 111,11111 inacliim-^ hir liirmnL; L;nn liana-K fur ilu- 

larturr .il iiiai-liiiu-r\ <A x.iruiii- kimK 111 llu- I mini Slalr-~ 1 ji i\ rriiimni . ;;i\ ini; c-iii|ilii\ 

^anu- liH-ali'm milil 1N47. w lu-n lu- |iiii-i-|ia^i-il iiuiU to alioiU V"' nu-ii. 
lliri-r ami a hall 



arn-< iil laml ' m 
Main -irrrl. and Ix- 
Liaii 1 lu- cia-i I H pii ■ >l a 
!■ ■iindr\ . w lui-i- lu- 
niadt.- Iii> lir^l ra-l- 
iiil;^ I lriTnilu-|- ^ 1 ^i 
"f ihal _\ i-ar, llu- 
li ilk iw-iiil; \ rar lu- 
lilllll llu- i-Mcll.^ur 
inai-liim- -li,,|,, u liuli 
is 400 l"<-.-i km- l.\ i«i 
lilt in wirhli. hi 
i^^.^i) a ^nli^ianiial 
pallrrn lum-,,- w^-^ 
I'lnll. and Ni-\rral 
"iluT MiialK-r liiiild 
iiiu;-. h ir \ aril iii> imi- 
1" '"-I'S. I- \ rr\ 1 Inn- 
alioiil llu- work- 
were .so Will .liul 

11 m \ iiiuiii 1\ arraii^ 

< d ill r vi-r\ di-])ai-l 

nu-iii . 11 w as km >w n 

as . .m- , .f ill,- lar-r-i 

and iiio-,l r.mi|ililr 

i-siaMi-linu-nl s , ii" n * 

'-Hid in \\-w |-;iiL:laiid. and llu 

I ii-( 11 




lames Brown. 



\1ciiil; alioiii iSiij 
Mr I'.row II Imill tlu- 
iiiai IniKs for llu- 
\ inert c- a 11 I- iK- 
\\ • irks, win isr |ilatil 
w a~ k uaud dirriiK 
1 1| 1] io~iu- Ills w I irks. 
I I .- ,iKi I iin i-iiu-d a 
niailniu- Uu' L;riiid 
iiil; ide Maiiks, and a 
liiriiai-r io|- liardni 
111;^ liK-s \iu-r llu- 
rki-^e oi llu- war lu- 
iiiaiiiila<-t iin-d I li e 
1 'air. I 'nrl is \- .Mad 
K-N iniiK-. an l-.nL;lisli 
111\ lilt loll, w liii-li uu-l 
Willi l"a\ I ir aim hil; 
.Xiiuruaii iiiaiinlac- 
tiiri-i s IK- al'ti-r- 
w.-irdi- iii.iiK- ini|iori- 
aiit miiiri i\ niirnls , m 
1 Ills 11111U-, I'l ir wliii'li 
lu- si'i.-iirrd ]iatriils. 
Ill ilii- l.ittrr part of 
111- lif.- lu- di-\otid 
niiu'li imu- to iIk- 



aiii li.is 111. 11111 1.1, 1 iirr of iiiallraliK- iron and c-onsiriu-lid 

l--e]il ii]i lo 11-. lii-li -laiidard to llu- ]iri-- .1 foimdrx for ilii- piir]iosi- lu-ar liis niacliim 

^'11' linu-. .\lr. I'.row 11 w.i-, ilu- iiuiiiloi of -hop at L;reat r\|u-ii-i-. Ill- I'ari-rr as an in 

iii,iii_\ iisi-lnl iii,-u-|inu--. Iml llu- iiio-l n-i-fiil .iml \i-iilor -a\r liiiii llu- re] ml al mn a- om- of ilu- 

po]iiik-ir iiumlion w,-i- hi- im|iro\(-d \iiu-ru-an fori-iiio-i iii:iniifai-1 urrrs of i-ottoii inai-liim-r\ 

>lH-i-d(-r. whirli )iro\i-d -o iiimli -iipi-rior to m tlu I iiiud M.iU-s. Ilr was horn in I'aw- 

llu- l-.iiL'lis|i ll\ iranu- ihal lu- was roinprlKd. liii-ki-l. llu-ii tlu- lowii of Xortli I'rox ulriu-t-, 

oil acroiint 111 tlu- L;r<-al ih-iii.-ind for tlu- I Irreiiihi r J,;, iSoj lit- dud 111 rawtiii-kil 

1U-W \im-rii-aii spredi r ihiou-hoiil llu- (oniil r\ . I )ri-(-iid ler J(|. I S7. 1. 1 'aw t nikil lias had few 

to ahandoii tin- nianuf.u'l tirr of tlu Sharp \- -oiis who have doiu- as nimli for lur di-\rlo|i- 

Kol.rrts iiinh--. wliuh lu- had ln-rn niaiinfact nr nu nl 111 llu- hm- of iiumuion. 
in;4 i-\ t-r sim-r 1 lu-ir lilt rodiutioii into ilii- Conn I |ioii llu- cK-ath of Ins f.iilur. |aiiu-s I'.rowii 



AND HL'SINI'-.SS Ml-.N ol'' KlIoDl', ISLAND. 



->j 



a.'-Miiiuil llu- maiiai^cnicnt ni the riilirr liu>i- lU'^ido iiianai;iii,^ the ati'airs nf tlii< iiniiuiisc 

ness. and is now tlu- xiK- pii i|irntMr nf i1k- plain. \\v. r.njwii lia> I'mmd mhik- uiiu' to de- 

works. Mr. I'lniwn was Ikhii in 1 'aw nukii , \ dir in ilu- affair^ > if tlu- oit \ in a |)nlitical \\ a\ . 

Mass. (tlu-n Massacluisctts ) . I)rixinlnr iX, I U- rc|)n.-scnti.-d tlu- I'lmrtli Ward in the (."nni- 

lX_^,S. .M'tcr attcndini; the piihlic sehooU for ni< in I'nnneil hum iSSStn iScjj. was I'residenl 

a nimil)<.-r nt' teriii^, at the aj^e nf eij^hteen he ut' the (iinneil t'rnni iSSi) tu iS<;i. and was 

entered l,\iin iS.- hri/e's I 'ni\ei'-ity • Iranunar .\layi u' i il' tlie eity in i.'^'i.^ lie i^ a niemher of 

School, of I 'n i\ iilenee, from which he s;rad the I'awtncket I'.nsiness .Men's .\ssociation. 

nated in |S:;S, lie then entered his lather'^ and is oiu' ol the inllnential men of the citw 




James Brown's Machine Shop, Corner Pine and Main Streets, Pawtucket, R. I. 

machine shop to learn the traile of a ma- hecanse of his dee]) interest in e\ erythint; that 

chinist. Here he I'cmained nntil he sitccee<led pertains to its weltare and advancement, 

to the husiness in iSji,. Since then he ha- John W. Perry.— .Mamifactiirer of carriages 

carried on the extensive plant, maintaining the ,.|nd wa.^ons and does a genera! line of forging. 

same high standard of excellence in the ma- I '.n-iness established itt 1S43 I. y Stephen F'erry. 

chinery itianiifactitred. which at present is ;,nd the l.usiness was purchased by John W. 

princii)ally cott.m and conlage machinery, em- |'^.^■y in 1874. He is a native of F^awtucket. 

ploying about 1J5 haniK. The works are nU])- where he was born .\|>ril .:i. iS,^-. Works lo- 

plied by power from a Corliss walking beam ^..^ted at 490 .Mill street, (."entral I''alls. R. 1. 

steam engine of al)out (K) horse jMiwer. the only jjuploys 16 hands. I'actory well etpiipped for 

engine of its kind now in o)>eration in the Stati.-. the manttfactnre of wagons of all kinds. 



-54 



i?I()(;rai'III(A1. iiisiom- oi iiii mam i\( i i'ki-,ks 



New England Thread Co. — M aiuilail urrr^ |a|>i mua ^1 net , Mr W arluiriiin i > iiurin|ilalr> 
"I UuTail. \ain, hullnnlu ilr idnl. ~U|nTtiiif iiudrpc iralin^; tlir lui-nu^s \rr\ ~.i(iii. Ilriii\ 
ta)H'>. and vliiK- wcliKiuL; and nilicr ^|Kcialtir^. \. Warhiirtun i-- tlu- ^i in >ii I'rtci' anfl Sarali 

I lax 1' II' 1 \\ arlmrti >n, I Ir i^ a natu r ■ ii' I I \ iK . 

i.)nnl\ 111 ( lir^lnrr. Ivnijland. \\ hnc lie wa- 

lnHii \i i\ rinl HI' J, i''^.^7 Mr ranic til Nimrua 

in 1^3-' \\ 11 h 111- lalluT, and liicaU'il m I'lirl- 

nmntli. \. II. I'u-l'urr IcaxiiiL; l'-iiL;land In- bad 

ari|nii'id ri in-idiralilr klli i\\ lcdL;c iil llir Icvtili 

Im-litrw, lia\inu; W'lrkrd in a I'lillim null al 

ilu- aL;i' 111 riL;lil, wiirkiiiL; liall ii| llir liiiu- and 

.| alUMidniL; -rliiml llir iillui- hall, niild lir \\a- 

^ ; irii \rai- 111 aL;r I piiii In- arrual in AnuTu'a 

^ In- ri iiii| ilrlfd In- I'dnratiiin li\ alU'iidniL; r\Tn 




Henry A. Warhiirton 

and di 1 all kind- > il Mrai Iiiiil; and d\ niiL; I'lii-i- 
llc^- c-l alili-lu-d laiinarx I, iSSd, |i\ IL A. 
\\ ailinrii 111, knipliix 130 liand-. Main far 
l(ir\- liiratrd riinuT <il' ( 1 il ta,L;r and Sanndcr- 
-Irni-. I'awliukii. I )\ c linn-c Imatcd mi 





Hai:y A, \V- 



Fiaiikliii E. Warbiirton 

iiil; -iliiiiil-. 111- lirL;aii w 1 irk 111 I '1 hM -im ml li 
a- a |)ur(,r 1 m hand -|iiiiniiiL; iiinlc- In l''~^3,> 
lu' wriil 111 I .aw irihT. Ma--, and (■iiL;au;rd in 
iniilr -|iiniiiiu^ wliiia lie niiiaiiu'd -i\iii \ rar- 
I HMTat iiiu: a ]ian" iil -1 mini iil: iniiK- lie later 
wiirkid 111 I '.allaiiU all'. \la--. al tile I'littin- 
1 1\ iiiarlinn'i-\ . and 1 Inn I'rt nrnid In I '1 nl - 
nil ml h. \ II. w lirrr lir -1 ■ iirid .1 i" i-il n m a- 
.i--i-taiii ii\i'i'-i-rr 111 llir I '1 H'l -nil ml li .strain 
Mill. ,iiid \\a- 1 laii-n ri'cd In tlu' llii'cad df 
pari iiiiiil . w Ik IT lie 1 ikl aim d a n miiiK'ti.' 
i.iii iw Irdv.i' 111' tin- iK'|iai'l iiuiil nl llu' Im-iiii--. 
lie laliT wnrki'd III \i'\\ inarki'l . I'.M'trr. .\' II . 
,iiid -till latrr \\a- nii] ili i\ rd a- a--i-taiil nxir 
-, rr 111 till' I ladli'V I liread ( n,. nl I InlMikr. 
\la-- and a It cr t In- w a- n\ rr-rrr 1 il' I lie W ar 
1 111 I IllTad I 11 . nf \\ nl'.-r-lrl', \la-- I 11 I'l' 111' 

iii-a-i'd with William Ward, nl I 'nrt -inniit li, 
\ II. In take I'har^r >'i a di-lill<r\ that .Mi' 



2y, HHx.KAi'iiKAi, iiisrom' ( M- Till-; M.Wri'ACrrKKRS 

W aicl \\ a- 1 lu' c >\\ lu 1 111. anil all In iul;1i In- re- 50 In 1 J.m ki \ anK 1 111 >])(»)!>. ii\ I lu- iiounil mi 

maiiu-(i ii\oi' lliiTc \ rar^. tr^liii'^ all kiiuN nl inln-^ ami miK-^ tni- iiiainitav'lniiiiL; iiiir|)n> .•~. 

aK'iiluilii' liiiiuir^ In la^lc ami ^iiull, lu- m\ cr \Kii iiianii lacliin- iiiiilat ii m ^vwIiil; --ilk. .mi 

drank a ilmp In \>^jy Uv mnrnnl l«> lii^ nlil iin.lul ami cnilni iiiKi\ riiltnn Irnui nuTi-rri/cd 

l)n^ini>--. aiirpl mil; a pn^itiiiii a- ii\cr^ioi" nl \arn~ in all ^liailc- I'.n^inr--^ r^lalili--liril in 

ilu- w imluii.; I'liMninl William W arri-n'^ t lircad iSiiSli\ Ifaiiklin k. W arlnini m. -1 ni 1 il llrnr\ 

i.utniv of \r\\ Niii'k ril\. 111- returned in \, W arliurinii. \\ Im w a-- linrii 111 I 'nrl --mnni li. 

rawliudsel m iSSnaml luianu- 1 lie n\ (■r--i-er ni X ||,, \iiL^u~t |i|, iSii^^. lie \\ a^ emiiln\ed in 

MalTnrd i.'v I n.'x \\nik->. and laUr the Snperm liis fatliei''^ l'aetnr\ . ilie .\e\\ k'nL;land d'liread 

lemlent nl llie plaiil In I SSl 1 lie entered min ( n., a^ ( ieiieral .Manager, tnr a immlier ni 

iiarl nef^lii]' witli lanie^ l Kntli and pnrcdia-ed \ ear^. nntil tlie alMi\e dale, wlien lie lieL;an 

llie llinad de|iarlnieiil ni tlii^ enniiiaiu. and the mannlaelnre nl lii^ ^peeialtie^ willi nn'' 

iirL;ani/ed llie New I ,nL;lanil I bread ( n., .\|r. liel|ii-r. I'.n lii-^ enier]iri~.e and | ier^i.-\ eranei- 

W arlilirtnii lieim.^ llie 1 leiieral Manager nl llie he ha- ile\eln|i(d llie lin-ine--- nl the l'ln-,-,t-li e 

liii.,,iK-sN, lli- extensive e\]ierienee eiiahled \ I anil lael nriiiL; in. in ji- ]ire-eiit dimen-inn-. 

him In prnilnee Inr the linn a u'rade nl ^niids n|ieraliiii_; I _■ dre>-^er-. I J( 1 I ni\er-al Wimlmt.; 

nl' a -^niK-rinr (|iialil\ wlmh -teadiU iiierea-^ed -|iindle-. Inr tnl-e and enne wmdiiiL;. _' 4 antn- 

iheir liii'-ine--- frnm \ i-ar in \ear 1 pnii ilie niatie _'i n > in j. 411(1 \ ard -|innl enitnn \\inilei>. 

iKalli i<\ Mr, Knili m iSS.i. .Mr Warlmrlnii 1 lalde nf 1 j.nnn \ard -1 1 enitnn winder-. 

pnreha-ed hi- mteie-t ami liecanie the -nle 1 laldenl hand w iiider-. * 1 -pnnler-. ^^ t\\i-ter>, 

pi'nprietnr. In 1 Si 1 ^ hi' pnreha-ed the I nnper _■ haller-, .and nther iieee--ar\ iiiaeliiner\. iii- 

M1II-. wliieli repre-eiil hi- ]ire-eiil plant nu clmlm;; a prmtiii;^ pre-- Inr |iriiitim^ -|innl 

( nttai'.e -treet. kill- l'aelnr\ 1- liilU eipiip]ied end-. m\mi.; einpln\ meiil In 73 hand-. Idle 

w 11 h tile inn-t 111 ml em iiiaeliiner\ . and -nine l.aclnrx a- -Imw n 111 t he enl i- K in.\^^3 leel . Iniir 

I ;, , hand- are enipln\i-d. ihe '_;rn-- Im-me-- -tnrie- I hi- \\a- Imiiid inadei|nate. and the 

handled lieiiiL; frnm Sjnn.i mi i In S_'5n, niiii :m lniddiiii; next dnnr n| t \\ 1 1 -tnrie- 1- m i\\ ne- 

imalK. Ihe pn\\er fnr tin- plant 1- -npplied eiipied llie plant 1- Inealed al the mnier nl 

li\ a < ireeiie eiiL;iiU' nf aliniit 73 Imr-e |in\\er Mill .and I l.a\ -Ireel-. (eiilral kail-. R. I 

111 iSi|ii Mr W arlnirtnii ImiiL^ht the il\ e I'nwer 1- Inrni-hed li\ an .\ine- Imiler nl I _>3 

wnf'U- and lileaeherx fnrmerU nwned li\ the Imr-e |in\\er. .ind an Ante- eiiL;iiie nl mn Imr-e 

hilm r. I'.rax ( n. nn japmiiea -tree!. I'aw pnwer. In .\n\einlier. 1 1 ini 1. the lui-ine-- had 

tinket. wliieli had lieeii nperaled under ditler L;rn\\ii tn -mdi dinieti-mn-. nmre e,i]iii,al liein^ 

enl nwner- fnr main \ ear-. lie eiil;irL;ed thi- needed tn kee]i pare with it - ^rnw t h, hi- lal her. 

pkinl . pntt itiL; 111 new iiiaeliiiier\ , a new Slximur .\|r lleiiiw \. Warhiirtnii. -hniildered llie 

eiiL^iiie 'li >; linr-<- pnwer. and a 1 nn Imr-e tmaneial end nl llie eiiterpri-e. the Inimder nl 

imwer liniler. iliakini.; it mie nl llie nm-t enin ihe Ini-iiie-- -till retaining; the nitiee nt I ieii- 

plete dveini; and MeaehiiiL; e-taMi-hmenl- in eral .\lana!.;er. I lii> wa- dniie Innkinn in llie 

the Slate. Water fm ihe IdeaehmL; depart- inenrpnrat imi n| the Im-iiie-- within a lew 

nieiit i- prn\ ided frnm -]M"iiiL;- mi tlu- preini-e-. mmith-. .Mr. W arlnirtmi. Sen., al-n L;i\ e- the 

whieli i- iiiimped iiitn a new 3,11(10 L;allnii tank Im-ine-- the lunetit t>i hi- knnwleilL;e. therein 

and frmn thai drawn iiitn ihe \al-. d hi- plant a--i-tinL: hi- -mi 111 the nianaua-menl I'i the 

1- knnw 11 a- t he liseini^aml IdeaelmiL; 1 'eparl- eiiterpri-e. 

mem iii the New kn.uiaml d hread ( .... where ^ ^ j^^,, ^ Co.— \ I aimfaet iirer- nl lewel 

tlie\ dn their nwii wnrk and aLsu tnr nther ,11 11 11 

,1-1 I el- ImdiiiL;- 111 unlil. -iher and hra--. melmlniL; 

eniuern-. I a]>aeil\ 3.nnn pniiiid- d.iiK. ami ^, -- 

.,,,,,1 tn he iiierea-ed In 1 1 i.nnn pmiiid- a da> . hiittmi haek-, -tiid haek h.all-. hell pn-l- Inr 

I larr\ \. W arlinrlmi. \ nuiii;e-t -mi nf I lent y ei dkir lint Inn-, piii tniiL;iie-. ininl-. eat e he- and 

\ W arhiirlmi. 1- the ( leiieral .ManaL^ernt ihe nriiameiit- r.n-iiie-- e-iahli-hed 111 iSSS li\ 

1 iii-ine' 



nf tlu New k.m'land I hread ( n 



11 \. Mall and lame- 1 . 1 )nraii under llu linn 



here lie li.i- heen emplnxed fnr a nninher nl ,,.,,,,,,,,,■ | ), „ ,-,,ii'\. ||all. wlmli ] ..art mr-liip w.i- 



w 



\ ear- 



lie 1- a mil i\ e nf I '1 iit-nii mill. X. II 



li--nl\eil 111 lSi|^. the Im-me-- lieiim earru'd 



v\ lure he wa- hnrii ,\la\ 11. 1S77. kraiik !! ,,,, ,,,,,|^,,. ,,,_. |,,\,,,.,,, ,,.,,,,^. ,,.,„„ jj,.,, ,,,,,,. 



(irnxer. Mr, W arlMirtnii'- -mi-m law. i- tlu 



s 



W m k- Ini-.ited .It 74 r.rnad -treel. I'awtiudxet. 

npennlemleiit nt the wnrk- at the main tae ,, , ||, „-,„.,. \p,,, ||.,n. ihe innprielnr. wa- 

"•'} "I '''^- '^'^■^^ lii.L;land Ihread ( n. I ;- |„ „.„ „, Xnl.lehnm. M e. m jamiarx . 1X41 ,. 
wife, .Mrs. klnieiue k.. 1 W arl iiirtmi 1 (irn\er. 

attend- tn the enrre-pmideme t'nr the tiriii. Jewelers' Supply Co.— .M annlaet nrer- nt 

whn i- a iiatixe ni Wniee-ter. .\la--, Ihe en jeweler- rmdins.;- i^r enllar hiittnn-, lapel Init- 

tire ])lam ammml- tn ahmit -'3.(hi(i -(piare feei ti.n-. de. liti-ine-- e,-lahli-lied in 1 Si |i . Iiy 

nf tlnor space. lame- ( '. I )ni-aii and Cvn. \\ . I'ayne. \\ nrk- 

Flossette Manufacturing Co. — .M.iimfae- liHateilai7 Uailrnad a\ enne. I'awineket. i''.m- 

liirer- nf thread -peeialtie- ni all kind-, frmn ]iln_\ 1 J hand-. 



AND msixicss mi-:n oi' riiodI': island. 



257 



City Brass Foundry. — I'Vank McKcniia& CO,, 
I)ro]irietors. Manufacturers of heavy bronze 
rolls, brass, bronze, bell metal, and |)hnsphor 




Frank McKenna. 

bronze castings. I-"oundry located at 21 Slater 
avenue, I'avvtucket, R. I., on the site where 
Samuel Slater began his successful career, 
lousiness established in 1890. l""rank McKenna, 
who established the business, is a native of 
County Monaghan, Ireland, where he was born 
July 14, 1H57. He came with his parents to 
this country in 1S73, and located in Central 
Falls, where he completed his education, and 
learned the trade of a brass founder. He 
worked in Central Falls until I1S90, the year in 
which he began business on his own accoimt. 
He has always done the highest class of work, 
and as a result of his painstaking in making his 
castings, the City Brass P'oundry developed an 
e.\tensive business throughout the State among 
manufacturers who use brass and bronze cast- 
ings in their business. He was married Octo- 
ber 15, 1S89, to Fllen McNeil of I'awtncket, and 
of this union there are four children: James, 
born December 22, i8gi ; Mary, born July 29, 
1893; Francis, born December 15, 1894: Fllena, 
born April 13, 1896. The State of Rhode 
Island has a large number of brass foundries 
that have won good reputations for su])erior 
class of work, but none of them have won a 



more creditable name for good work than the 
establishment that Mr. McKenna established 
and managed. 

Royal Weaving Co. — Manufacturers of a fine 
grade of cotton, silk, and worsted fabrics. Also 
silk dyers and finishers of silk and cotton goods. 
Business established in 1888 by Joseph ( )tt, in 
the old Hicks building, off I'^ast avenue, in Paw- 
tucket, where he operated eight looms. In 
1889 the business was incorporated under the 
present name, Daniel (j. Littlefield and Darius 
B. Goff having previously become partners in 
the business. The plant was removed to the 
mill of the American Hair Cloth Co., corner of 
.Mill and Cross streets, in Central l""alls, where 
tiie business was carried on until the present 
plant was built across the way from the Hair 
Cloth mill. This new mill is so constructed as 
to give all of the light through the roof, which 
makes it much more desirable for silk weaving. 
Ollicers: Darius B. Cioff, President; Charles K. 
Pervear, Treasurer; Joseph Ott, Agent and 
General Manager. Mr. Ott isa native of Troch- 
telfingen, in the district of Hohenzollern, Ger- 
many, where he was born March 11, 1861. He 
came to America to avoid military duty in 1884, 
and after working for several concerns indifferent 
parts of the country he came to Pawtucket to 
work for the Slater Cotton Co., from which 
place he retired to begin manufacturing on his 
own account Mill No. 3 is located at Darlington. 

R. Plews Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers of Plews' 
celebrated patent tiii cylinders for self operating 
mules, spoolers, twisters and spinning frames; 
also patent adjustable card screens for cotton 
and woolen cards, and do a variety of work for 
mill equipment. Business established in 1858. 
Incorporated in 1900. Works ojijiosite the rail- 
road depot of the N. \., N. H. &. II. K. R., 
Central Falls, R. I. 

Pawtucket Braided Line Co. Manufacturers 
of braided fishing lines of all kinds, made from 
silk, linen and cotton in all colors and sizes. 
Business established in 1882 by A. G. Hazard, 
the present projirietor. Works located on Bay- 
ley street, Pawtucket, R. I Mr. Hazard is a 
native of Central I-'alls. where he now resides. 

National Card & Paper Co. -Manufacturers of 

surface coated |ia])ers, and card board of every 
descrijjtion. Also glazed pajiers in roll or sheet. 
Masterson street, near \'ork avenue, Pawtucket. 



j;S 



HiockAriiicAi iiisTt )m' < >i' 



I-: M.wri-'ACTrRi'.Rs 



Slater Cotton Co. - Matuitacturcrs ol the 
■■I'lide ot the West" imislins, which ha\c been 
u.seil lor shiitinj;s and ladies' and chiklien's 
wear t(ii a ninnhei ol years, also twills, sateens, 
nainsooks, and lane)- lenos. Also manufactme 
hne cotton yarns, business established in 1869. 
( tHicers: iM.mk .\. .Sayles, I'resitient ; C. ]■'.. l.ind- 
sey, 'I'reasurei ; ]•'. N. Bishop, .Secretary. The 
business was incorporated as the .Slater Cotton 
Co. in honor ol .Samuel .Slater, the " l''ather oi 
American Manufactures." The plant consists 
of two mills, situated on Church and Main 
streets, I'.iwlucket. The old mill on Main 
street was built in 1 803 for the purpose ol 
manufacturing- files, and was devoted to that 
line of business for se\eral years by the Ameri 
can l'"ile Co. In iSihj the buikling was enlarged 
and converted into a cotton factory. This 
building is 300 feet long by 50 feet in width, 
two and a half stories, and has two wings, 60 by 
40 feet, two stories iti height, all built of brick. 
The new mill, erected in 1.S72, is a handsome, 
high-studded, well ventilated brick building. It 
is 303 feet long, with engine and picker romiis 
on the end, which are 40 feet long, making the 
entire length 342 feet by 90 feet wide and live 
stories. It is well lighted with many large 
double windows, and has three large towers, 
two in front and one at the rear. Power for the 
plant is sui)plied wholly by steam to the amount 
of 1,200-horse power through Corliss engines. 
The production of the establishment appro.xi- 
matcs I 10,000 pieces of goods yearly, at a valu- 
ation of over ^500,000. Seventy-five bales of 
long staple, the very best cotton grown, are 
used weekly, .iiid 5,000 tons of coal are con- 
sumed yearly. William I'". Sayles was the 
prime mo\ei in the establishment of the enter- 
prise, and he was I'resident of the comininy at 
the time of his death. 

Charles A. Luther & Co. — Manufacturers of 
ildlh stietchers, thread dressers, thread ami 
varn reels, improved \ am |)rinting machines for 
war]) or skein, belt cutters, scarfing machines, 
])atterns. and special machinery. ]•'.. A. Hum 
h.im, jiroprietor. Works located at J47 North 
Main street, i'awtucket. 

Linton Bros. & Co. -- Manufacturers of print- 
ers', engravers', ph()togra|ihers', jewelers' and 
button manufacturers' cards. Also make stock 
lor tag nianulacturers. Works located at 20 
Commerce street, I'awtucket 



Easton & Burnham Machine Co. - Manufac 
turers of spindles, usetl in the manufacture of 
cotton, wool and silk goods, and other mill 
e(|uipments including im[)ro\ed upright spool 
ers. I5usiness established in i'rovidence in 
iS49by i\. R. luiston and C. C. lUirnham. In 
iS'iQ the business was remo\ed to I'awtucket, 
the [Jiesent works being erected in 1SS2. In 
corjjorated under the present name in 1891 and 
ca])italized for 580,000. Upon the incorpora 
tion Mr. ICaston's son, Frederick W. Maston, 
was elected the Treasurer of the company, 
which position he has held to the ]>resent tiiue. 
He was born in I'rovidence, ( )ctober 17, 1852. 
lie completed his education at Mowry ^\: (iolY's 
school, graduating in 1870. lie entered the 
em|)loy of ICaston iK: Hurnham in 1873, and was 
admitted to the firm in 1879. He has been ver\' 
prominent in public life. He was a member of 
the I'awtucket Town Council in 1883. He rep 
resented I'awtucket in the House of Represent 
atives in 1 891 and was chosen .Senator from 
I'awtucket in 1892, 1894 and 1895. 

Cole Bros. — Manufacturers of automatic l)and 
ing machines, beaming and chaining machines, 
stationary steam engines, and special machinery, 
liusiness established in 1858. W'orks located 
on Bayley street, I'awtucket. The firm con- 
sisted of Henry S. Cole and his brother Edward 
R. Cole. They at first made cotton machinery 
and did geneial repairing. In 1864 they 
began the manufacture of steam fire en 
giiies, sending their productions all over the 
country, e(|ui|iping st)me of the best fire depart 
ments that ha\e ever been organized. Theii 
[Minci|ial specialty at present is their automatic 
banding machine. .Since the death ol lulward 
R. Cole, in 1887, his brother Henry has carried 
the business along under the old firm name 
He is a native of what was then .Seekonk. 
Mass., where he was bom m 1S37, now Fast 
I'rovidence, R I. 

United States Cotton Co. Manufacturers of 
cotton goods. Mdl located in Central h'alls, R 
!., on I'Ouiulry street, bordering the tracks of 
the N. v., N.'ll. & H. R. R. Co. One ol the 
most extensi\e cotton factories in Rhode island. 
The works contain 1570 looms, and 58,660 
spindles. 

Fred E. Newell.- Manufacturer of brass and 
bron/e castings of all kinds, b'oundry at 623 
High street, ( entral (•'alls, R. 1. 



2 
S" 



CO 



3 
•a 
» 
o 




:6o 



HllXiKAI'llK XI. I1IST()R\' Ol- r 



MAM iaciuri;ks 



* — 



American Hair Cloth Co. Maiuitaclurers ol 
hair cloth lor crmolinc, upholstering purposes, 
etc. Business established as the I'awtucket Hair 
Cloth Co. in the old .Slater Mill, the motherof cot 
ton s[>inning in the L'nited -Stales, and of so many 
successful industrial enterprises, in I'awtucket 
in 1S56, I-"recnian Haxter being the [ninie 
mover in the enter])rise, as he [lossessed the 
knowledge reipiired in the manufacture of haii- 
cloth, 1 )avicl K)cler \- Co. and James M. i\yder 
tuinisiied the capital, Ceorge I,, antl Altred 11 
l.iltlelield being associate^l with iJavid Ryder. 
In iSsS Mr. Ha.xter sold his interest in the com. 
])any to <ieu. ( tlney Arnold, and the same year 
Richard Ryder purchased an interest The en 
terprise being a new one 
some diflicidties werelountl 
in the way of success, ami 
the foreign manufacturers 
h.impered them by reiluc- 
ing prices with the hope 
ot discouraging the under 
taking to the |)oint of tail- 
ure. Hut the indomitable 
spirit of the American 
manufacturer knows no 
such thing as failure. The 
business was continued 
luider l)avid I\yder's per- 
sonal attention, lie was 
using power looms while in 
I'.uroije they were using 
the old hand loom. lUit 
the hair was fed by hand 
to these power looms, and 
to m.ake them etfectix'e 

some device must l)e invented to make them 
■^elf deeding. Is.iacC. l.indsley, of Providence, 
had been e.xperimenting on this very thing, and 
in i.SOi he was induced to come to I'awtucket 
and complete his invention, lie secured a 
jKitent for an automatic attachment which 
would do the work, and at about the same time 
a stop motion had been |iatented that was dis 
puted by Ruins J. Stafford who had a compet- 
ing iiuentioti, and this patent was llnally |)ur- 
chased, makitig the wa\' clear for progress in 
the manufacture of hair seating. In May, 1861, 
a stock com[)any was organized with a cajiital 
of S ' CJ<J.t)''J<J. which was increased in Januarv, 
1863, to 5300,000, and subsequently to 5500,000. 
(jcn. ( ilney .\rnoki was elected Treasurei, and 





® 



Charles E. Pervear 



]).i\id Ryder, I'resident and General Manager. 
The old cpiarters in the .Slater Mill being found 
loo small for the increasing business, the com- 
pany purchased the privilege in Central l"'alls 
at the corner of Mill and Cross streets, which 
is now occupied by the works, ])ower being tie 
rived from the trench that was originally built 
trom the Charles Keenedam, which was erected 
in i/Su; also steam and electricity. In 1S63 
.Mr Ryder retired from the management, and 
I ),iniel (1. i.ittlehed became Agent. Lhuler his 
su].)ervisiiui the present fine building was built 
and to his enterprise is due a large share of the 
prosperity since accrued. L'lion his death in 
iS()i. Charles \i. Pervear, long associated with 
.Mr. Littlefield, was elected 
- - * the Agent of the comiiaii)- 
and he still holds that po 
sition. Ml". Pervear is a 
nati\e of I'awtucket, Mass., 
(now Rhode Island) where 
he was born I December 19, 
%^ 1S50. and is the youngest 

' son of Jacob .S. and Abby 

Dean (Hoi)kins) Pervear. 
He receiveil his early edu- 
cation in the public schools 
of his native town, and com- 
])leted his education in 
.Schoti eld's Com me rcial 
College of Providence, 
July 28, 1868. .Soon after 
leaving school he entered 
•^ the employ of P^airbrother 
& P'ales, leather manufac- 
turers, as bookkeeper, 
which was August 10, 1868, and remained there 
until the successor of the concern, George S. 
Pales, went out of business in 1876. He re- 
mained in the same ]5lace and business for a 
few months with I' rank R. .\lmy, and March 
25, 1878, he entereil the (jt^ice of the I'awtucket 
I lair Cloth Co., where he has remained until the 
present time, the present cc)mpany being known 
under the name of the American Hair Cloth 
Co.. and is a consolidation of the old I'awtucket 
H.iii- Cloth Co. .ind the .\merican I lair Cloth 
I'atldiiig Co.. which was effected March jo, 
1893. Paid up ca])ital 5450,000, and is the larg 
est and most t-om])lcte mill of the kind in the 
workl. The business is now being carried on 
under his careful management with greatly in- 



AM) HL'SIXl'LSS M1:N OF KIlUDJ'. ISLAND. 



261 



creased facilities, and it is one of the most ])ro- 
gressive concerns in the State. Mr. Pervear 
was elected Treasurer of the Koyal Weaving Co., 
August g, 1X89; was elected trustee of the 
Providence County Savings Hank, September 
17, 1891. and he is prominently connected with 
a number of other enterprises and social 
organizations. 

The CoUyer Machine Co. — Manufacturers of 
dynamos, motors, shafting, pulleys, hangers, 
elevators, and do general mill work, liusiness 



Manager of the company. The original works 
were located on Jenks Lane until i8go, when 
the present structure on North Main street, 
i'awtucket, was completed by the company, and 
the machinery moved in. The new works are 
180 by 75 feet, three stories. 

Fales & Jenks Machine Co. — Manufacturers 
of cotton machinery, force pumps, etc. One of 
the largest machinery plants in the city of Paw 
tucket. Works located on De.xter street, near 
the Conant Thread Works. Business estab- 




Pldnl ul the Arneiicau Hau 

established by Nathaniel S. CoUyer and William 
H. Haskell in 1832. Bolts and nuts were then 
manufactured in connection with special ma- 
chinery. The partnership was dissolved in 1859, 
Mr. Haskell taking the bolt and nut business 
and Mr. Collyer continuing the machinery busi- 
ness. In i860 he took his nephew, Samuel S. 
Collyer, in as a partner, who, after the death of 
his uncle, in 1878, carried on the business alone 
until his death in 1884. In 1885 the business 
was incorporated under the present name, Mr. 
Charles H. Bowen being chosen the (General 



Cloth Co., Pawtucket, R. I. 

lished in 1S30 in Central I^'alls by David G. 
Fales, and Alvin Jenks. Removed to Paw- 
tucket in 1865. 

Weatherhead, Thompson & Co. Manufactur- 
ers of leather belting, lace and picker leather, 
and manufacture mill supplies. Business estab- 
. lished in 1857. Present proprietors, Ceorge 
Weatherhead and John K. Thompson Works 
located in Pawtucket. 

Chas. R. Bucklin Belting Co.- -Manufacturers 
of leather belting, lace leather, etc. VV'orks lo- 
cated at Pawtucket. R. I. 



IWOCkAI'llH Al 



ISIUKV ( »!•■ 



li; MAM 1A( 1 UKKRS 



Potter & Johnson Machine Co. Manufactur- 
ers ol high giadc luacliiiiory. tools, shapers, etc. 
Also manulacturers of turret lathes, automatic 
clutchiug and turning machines. Works 
located on Newjiort avenue, corner of Ifunt 
a\enue, rawtucket, R. I. lUisiness established 
in iSSy, ami incorporated the same \ear, Cajii 
talized tor ^200,000. Officers: James C. I'otter. 
I'lesident; John Johnson, 'I'reasurer. 

James t'. I'otter, the I'resident and (ieneral 
Manager of the corporation, is a native of Scot 
land, where he was liorn in Ma_\', 1S55. He 
came with his lather to this country in iiSjj. 



a great number of improvements and invented 
new machines to an extent that few inventors 
in America have e(|ualled, he having taken out 
upwards of sixty [Kitents on textile machiner\' 
alone, all of which are in operation to-day. 

In 1S87 Mr. Potter organized the business of 
the I'otter 6c Atherton Machine Co., of I'aw 
tucket, and started the works with about 
twenty men. In six years he had brought the 
business of the comjiany to a point where J50 
men were on the pay roll, and their machinery 
was in use in all parts of the country. 

In 1S93 he organized the Howard & HuUough 
American Machine Co., Ltd., of I'awtucket, al- 
though their extensive works were erected just 



4 





PPP ■■ 

. 111!!! - 

I-; ri Hi iiii i k iii 



,'T^ 



Potter & Johnson Maihine Co 

lie received his etlucation at the Mechanics In 
stitute of (ilasgow, and after coni]ileting his 
coiu'se of studies he was employed In- the ex 
l)erimental engineering firm of H. J. II. King 
Cs: Co., of th;it city, as a mechanical and ex|K'rl 
engineer. He was later employed in the en 
gineering department of the Anchor Line 
.Steamship (d,. .md still lalci' todk charge of 
one ol the departments ot The \'ale of ( Ivde 
I'-ngineering Works, l'])oii his arri\al in 
.\merica, he was ajipointcd manager of the 
Whitehead is; -Xtheiton Machine ( 'o.. of Lowell, 
.Mass., and since that time Mr. I'otter has 
added to the textile and other machines in use 



. Works, Pawtucket, R. I. 

across the line in Massachusetts, which are 
among the largest in the United States in the 
building of textile machinery, employing some 
1,000 hands. It was through Mr. Potter's en- 
eigy that this business was organized. 

The I'otter iK: Johnson Machine Co. have won 
.in excellent reputation for the class ot machin 
er_\' that they are making, and the gradual in- 
crease is an indit'ati(ui that the plant will lui 
iloubtedh' reach the e\tensi\e pro|)ortions that 
the others ha\-e under Mr. Potter's manage- 
ment. The works are built of brick and now 
cover an are.i of about 2S,,Soo sipiare feet, well 
e<.|ui])|)ed with the most modern machinery tin- 
the manufacture of their siiecialties. Power is 
supplied by electricity. 



AND BUSINESS MI'.N (W RHODl". ISLAND. 



263 



Greene & Daniels Manufacturing Co. — Manu 
facturers of combed, carded and gassed yarns, 
threads, twines, and chain warps. Also dyers 
and bleachers. They make a specialty of yarns 
for woolen and worsted manufacturers. Busi- 
ness established in Central Falls, across the 
river from their present plant, in 1S55, by Ben- 
jamin F. Greene, and soon after Mr. Horace 
Daniels became a partner in the enterprise- 
In i860 the firm began the erection of a new 
mill in Pawtucket, and in 1865 this mill was en- 
larged, making a structure 420 feet in length, 
five stories, including the I'rench roof, as shown 
in the accompanying cut, containing three 
large towers. The mill cost about $100,000, 
and contains about 25,000 spindles. Ujjon the 



the "Stone I*"actory." lie received one dollar 
[ier week. In 18 16 he worked in the Natick 
mills, and subsequently he worked for William 
.Sprague, who first established calico printing in 
the State. In 1824 he was second hand in a 
thread mill in Central I*"alls, of which he was 
overseer from 1825 to 1840. In 1840 he began 
business with others in Central Falls, in the 
manufacture of thread. In 1845 he went to 
Mapleville, R. 1., in the town of Burrillville, to 
manufacture thread and warps for Hill & Car- 
penter. In I.S50 he began manufacturmg 
thread in Richmond, R. 1., at Clark's Mills. 
Here Horace Daniels became his bookkeeper. 
Mr. Daniels suggested the idea of putting up 
thread on spools, and later developed other im- 




plant of GreeDe & Daniels Manufacturing Company, Pawtucket. R. I. 

death of Mr. Daniels, December 14, 1876, Mr. portant improvements including a machine for 
Greene purchased the interest of the heirs, be- polishing thread. As a member of the tirni of 
coming sole proprietor of the business and Greene & Daniels his services were of great 
[property. The business was incorporated in value. I'"ive years after his venture in Rich- 
1877 under the ]jresent name, Mr. (ireene re- niond, Mr. Greene laid the foundations of the 
taining a controlling interest. The cai)ital present extensive business, which is one of the 
stock was put at $300,000, and wholly ])aid in. most im|iortant of the State. 
Mr. Greene was elected President, in which Enfield Mills. — Manufacturers of fancy cot- 

ton goods. P'irst mill erected upon or near the 
site of the present factory, was built in 1 81 3 by 
(iov. Philip .\llen, when the jjlace was known as 
-Mlenville, but now known as luitield, K. I. It 
was a part of the pro])erty of the Smithfield Mfg. 
Co.. in iS()7. The present mills contain about 
220 looms and 10,536 sijindles. C. P. Lincoln 



capacity he served until his death, lanuary 29, 
1886. The present officers are: l-^dward A. 
Greene, President; William II. Greene, Treas- 
urer; Henry C. De.xter, Agent and Secretary. 
The founder of the business was born in War- 
wick, R. I., January 1, 1807. lie began work- 
ing in the Crompton cotton mill at the age of 
eight years. That factory was then known as is the Superintendent of the works. 



J04 



i;i()(,R.\riii(M iiisroin' (»!■ iiii', M.\MhAc"n;ki;k,s 



Smith Webbing Co. The Smith Webbing 
Conipaii)' is line of the most recent entei'[)rises 
to locate in I'awtiicket, their [ilant being on the 
triangular plat of land at the junction of West 
a\enue and Main street. The business was 
tirst started in i SyiS on West Exchange street, 
I'rovidence. h)- (/harles S. Smith, who had for 
inerly been associated with the American Mills 
Co. ot W ateil.)ur\ , Conn. 

In July, 1S91J, their iputiteis being inadequate 
tor their ia])idl)- increasing busuiess, the conv 
[lany was incorporatetl with a capital of ^loo.ooo, 
electing William A. Walton of the W. A. Wal- 
ton Woolen Mills of 
Alton, K. 1., as I'resi 
dent ; I-^dniund 1 1 . I'ai 
sons ot i'ro\i<lencc. 
Treasurer; John M 
Walton, Secretary, and 
Charles S. S m i t h. 
Manager. In October 
ot that year thev lie 
gan the erection ot the 
building they now oc 
cupy. The main builil 
ing is a three story 
brick strLictuie. _'ji 
feet long by 54 feet 
wide, w:th ad|oinii)_; 
lightitig a n d pouei 
house. I'owei- tor the 
works is supplieil by a 
SkuHier high speed 
engine. The plant is 
equipped with themost 
modern machiner\' for 
the manufacture ot 
silk .ind cotton elastic 
and non-elastic f.tbiics of 
They employ 1 50 hand 




Charles S. Smith. 



Orr Brotfiers. I )yers and bleat hers of woolen 
goods, yarns, ami mohair plushes, etc. lUisiness 
established in iSOtS in South Attleboro, Mass. 
Works now located on Hlackstone avenue. 
I'awtucket. I-^mploy 20 hantls. 

Dunnell Branch U. S. Finishing Co. Dyers, 

l.)leachers and printers of cotton cloth. Busi- 
ness established originall)' b\ John H. Hraid in 
1S17, on lUu'klin's brook, I'awtucket, who car- 
ried on the bleachmg of cotton cloth and yarn, 
and in i>Sj4 was doing block jirinting. He car- 
ried on the businesss until 1.SJ5, when the 
Ilopefield Coniiianx' took charge ot the busi- 
ness tor a tew months, 
,nul then the i\rm of 
."-^hinkwin v^ Bliss took 
' harge of the works, 
carrying on bleaching 
and |)rinting from I1S25 
until 1S29. In 1830 
Royal Sibley hired the 
place of Jenkins (.\: 
.\lmy, and introduced 
the coloring of cam 
brie in addition to the 
bleachmg business, 
forming a firm under 
the name of .Sibley & 
Kelley, doing a busi- 
ness amounting to 
about S5,ooo per week 
Their main attention 
was given to the dye- 
ing of cambric, and m 
1833 the\' introduced 
printing, the firm name 
being changed to the 
Frankhn I'rint Works, 



e\er\ description. 
This is one of the 
most substantial [ilants of the .State. 

E. Jenckes Manufacturing Co. Manutacturers 
ot I lick's improved ring travelers, and sjjinners 
ot yarns for knitters and weavers, on cops, 
cones or sjiools. Also make specialties in ma 
chiner\- including the I'.leclric .Automatic Knit- 
ting machine. Business established in the old 
Slater .Mill by \. 1'. 1 1 icks in 1S67. The hrm 
of ]■'.. Jenckes v\: Co. was formed in 1.S70. .After 
a number of years the business was incor])or- 
porated under the ])resent name W (M'ks lo- 
cated in I'awtuiket. 



which was continued under that name until 1835. 
Their first [irinting machine carried but two 
colors In kSV) Jacob I )unnell, Thomas J. Dun- 
nell antl Nath.niiel W. Brown, formed a partner- 
shi|i under the name of the Dunnell Manufac- 
turing Company, and for over sixty years the 
business was contituied untler this name, the sen- 
eral term used in describing the [)lace being the 
"Dunnell I'rint Works." The projierty was re- 
cently acquired by tiie United .States I-"inishing 
Co. The works are among the largest of theit 
kind in the country, and the Dunnells made the 
property what it is to-day by their untiring en 
ergv and carefid business management. The 
business was uicorporated in March, iSi(). 



AND BUSINESS MEN OI- RllODl'; ISLAND, 



265 



L. B. Darling Fertilizer Co. — Manulacturers 
of fertilizers, oils, tallow and glue. Husiness 
begun in a small way by Lucius H. Darling in 
1865, on Mineral Spring avenue, I'awtucket, 
west of the Lorraine Mfg. Co. mills where the 
e.xtensive plant is now located. He gradually 
developed the business until his works con- 
sumed nearly all of the bones collected in I'rovi 
dence and Pawtucket and this section of the 
State. The business was incorporated in i8Sy 
under the present name, L. B. Darling being 



George H. Fuller & Son.- Manufacturers of 
jewelers' findings. Business established in 1861 
by (ieorge II. Fuller, which makes it one of the 
oldest findings houses in the State. He began 
in the I'ayne & Taylor Building, but his present 
works are located on the banks of the Black 
stone River, at the eastern end of the Suspen- 
sion Bridge, I'awtucket. It is one of the largest 
plants of its kind in Rhode Island, and their 
goods have alwajs been considered the best 
that have ever been made. In 1878 Mr. Fuller 




Smith Webbing Co. Plant, Pawtucket, R. I 

its first I'resident and remaining in that office 
until his death, the former name being L. B. 
Darling & Co., a brother of Mr. Darling being 
a [lartner in the business before its incorpora- 
tion. Mr. Darling was born October 3, 1827. 
and died January 3, 1896. He was prominent 
in business circles, and in 1885 was elected 
Lieut. -Governor of Rhode Island, and re-elected 
in 1886. He was one of Pawtucket's most en- 
terprising citizens. The business of the fertili- 
zer company is now controlled by outside capi- 
tal, with headquarters in New \'ork. 



took his son, Charles H., in as a partner and 
then the present name was adopted. Since 
Mr. Fuller's death, June 26, 1892, his son has 
continued the business under the old name. 

A. E. Tenney Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers of 
arc lamps, cli>th stretchers, models, patterns, 
fine machinery, and specialties. 'I'hey have 
made Morrill's saw set for a great many years, 
which is owned by Mr. Morrill of New ^■ork 
Mr. A. E. Tenney established the business, and 
is the present manager. I'Ved Tenney is 'Lreas- 
urer of the company. Works located in the 
Broad Street Power Co. 's liuilding, Broad street. 
Pawtucket, R. I. 



~(>(j l!l()(,K.\l'lll(\|. IIISTURV <)1- Till- MAMIACI LKl-.RS 

National India Rubber Co.— Manufacturers of learned the trade of a machinist in his native 

a variety nf jioi.ds in rubber, inchiding hose of town, in the employ of Mather K: riatt, niaiui 

all kinds, tor garden or steam imrposes, belting, facturers of bleaching and dveing machinery 

packing, spittoons, tire buckets, curry combs, .After serving a se\en years' aijpretiticeshij), 

l)ertorated and jjressed tloor mats, cariiage Mr. Rusden soon after became the compans's 

cloth, mackintoshes, and a great variety of representatix e on the road, traveling in nearh 

wearing .i[)parel, c.irriage ajirons, horse coveis, ;dl of the manuf.icturing countries of the old 

water bottles and tount.iin syringes, carriage world, where he introduced their machiner\- 

and chair cushions, bed pans, o|)er.itmg cush 1 'uring this tune he was stationed in Russia for 

ions, inflatable bath tubs, bed sheets, life pre^ a term of live years, where he looked after the 

servers, tubing, and numerous other specialties interests of the com|)an)- throughout that coun 

in the line ol druggists' sundries. lUisiness es try. I'pon arrivmg in the I'nited .States he 

tablished by l'..\ ( iovernor Augustus ( ). Hoiuii was emjiloyed for a dozen years or more prior 

in i.S()4, undei the name of the National Rubi)er to tlie organization of the company of which he 

( o., the goods then manufactured being prin is the General Manager, whose machinery is 

cipally, it not wholly, rubber boots and shoes, considered as fine as any manufactured in this 

In April, iSS.S, the business was reorganized and country. The power is sujjplied by an e.xten^ 

incorporated under the u.ime of the National sive steam plant, and the ivorks are equip[)ed 

India RubberCo. The works are among the larg with the best machinery that is recjuired in the 

est in the I'nited .States, and the businessof the manufacture of their productions. This estab- 

company is the m.iinstay of the town of Bristol, lishment tias pro\'ed of great benefit to the town 

where the i)lant is located, em|)loying, as they do, of Warren, and is one of the most substantial 

some 1.400 operatives. The officers of the industries of the State. 

company are: Samuel P. Colt, President and Burdon Wire & Supply Co.— Manufacturers of 

Treasurer; W. Del-". Hrown, Secretary; H. IT jKitent seamless filled wire, either solid or 

Shejiard, (Jeneral Manager. 'I'he entire works hollow, made with a coating of gold on the out 

cover an area of eighteen acres, and consist of side surface of wire made from any of the base 

twenty-seven buildings, as shown in the cut metals. The company also manufacture gold 

ui)on the opposite page. There are two pump- plated flat stock, watch bows, and joint wire, 

ing stations maintained by the company. One I-'actory located at 109 Summer street, I'rovi 

tor sup])lying spring water for washing the dence. Business established by Levi L. l^urdon 

rubber, and the other for su|)])lying salt water (deceased) in 1SS6, who secured the [)atent the 

trom the haibni' whu h is used m the condens- [irevious year. Incor])Orated in 1.S8.S; enij.ilo)- 

ers. .Seventeen bmlers are su|)i)lied from the about twent\- ti\e h.iiuls. ( Uticers. Henry 1. 

town water works, which supiily steam for three Spooncr, I'resident ; William li. (iladding, 

engines, the largest of which is a Ilarrks-Corliss Treasurer and .Manager; Henry |. .Spooner, Ir,, 

K.O,). horse power engine. Secretary anil Superintendent.' At the present 

The Rusden Machine Co. -Manul.icturers ol time there is a consolidation with a I'awtucket 

bleaching, d\cing, printing and linishing ma- concern contemiilated, the business to still be 

chinery, whicli , ire their specialties. In their carried on in l'ro\ idence. 

marine depaitment they manufacture steam Crees & Court. — Die sinkers ami designers, 

steerers, steam .iiid hand windlasses, c.ipstans, hub cutters and tool makers for jewelr)-, siher 

gasoline yacht eiigines, and coal h.indling ma- ware, medals, badges, and metal ornaments, 

'■hinery. Business estalilished in iSucjand in Business established in 1X1)5. Works located at 

<orporated the same year. Capitalized lor ji h.ddy street. Providence, luistice Crees and 

SiOo,ooi). Works located un Water street, Charles ."-^. (ouit constitute the firm, and they 

Warren. R. I. I'.m|il(i\ 1J5 hands. ()lticers: are both n.itives of Piiiningh.uii. 1-jigland, ivheie 

!• . L. .Sa\les, Piesident ; ]■'... \, Riistlen, 'I'reas they sei\ed their .ippicnt iceships .it the ilie sink- 

urer and .M.mager; h", ( . Sa\ K-s, | r.. Secretary, ing business. 

I'.thelbert A Rusden is a native of .Manchester, Centreville Mfg. Co. Maiuitacturers of cot 

I-Jigland, where he w.is born in .Septemlier, ton yarns. Works, it Rockville, Ho]5kinton, R. 

l.Sdi, ,inil came to .\nieric.i about iM.S.j. lie I. I'"(iity thous.ind s]]indles. 



.'68 



nil M.U.M'IIK ,\1. HISTOID" ()|- Till', M.\\i;i'"ACirKl';KS 



John F. Brady, l-.lcttiti ilcpo.sits ol ^oki and 
silver. lUisincss established in KS95. John 
!•". Brady is a nati\e ot Salem, \ II., where he 
was horn Anj;ust lO, 1.8(13. At the age of 
tweiit\- he entered the employ ot Craighead \- 
Kint/ at l^allardvale, Mass., where he learned 
his trade under the direetiun of a ver\- al)le in 
striictor. lie came to rro\-idence in the\ear 
i8Sf) to acce])t a [losition with William II. Uoli 
insoii & Co., which subsei|iientlv became Kent 
v\: Stanley and later the Kent & Stanley Co., 
where he remained, at the head of their ])lating 
department until 1.S93, when he began his [)res- 
ent business on a very 
small basis, on I'otter, 
now (iarnet street. The 
business has been a sue 
cess in e\eiy res[)ect, 
from its opening up to 
the ])resent time, whith 
is shown by its rapid 
growth in the |)ast few 
years. Mr. Hratiy's new 
works at the corner of 
I-"riendship antl ( larnet 
streets is without doulu 
the most complete of its 
kind in the L'nited 
States, The plant con 
sists of a substantial 
four-story brick Ijuild 
ing containing 15,1)11,,. 
square feel of iloor 
space, perfectly lighteii 
and ventilated and 
eipiipped with steam 
power, electric lighting 
plant and ele\-.itors, etc. 
All lit the most impro\'ed ty|>e and complete in 
every detail. Mr. Ikady is a student of the 
scientitic as well as the jiractical [lart of his 
business and has succeeded in de\'elo|)ing many 
valuable im|)rovements in methods in electro- 
de[)ositing the precious metals. Plating of jew- 
elry has become an import. mt part of his Inisi- 
ness and in fact it may be said that his success 
is largely due to his skill in this line, although 
he does an extensi\e business in other lines 
as well. 

L. Vaughn & Co.- .Manulacturers ot all kinds 
ot building materials in wood, including doors, 
sash, blinds, etc, Hiisiness established about 



■^^^ 




John F. 



iS5rjas a cai[)enter sho|) b)' I.oren/o X'aughn, 
who is a native of the town of Kast (Jreenwich, 
R. I., where he was born March 2. iSjj. I lis 
I)laning null is located at 1153 Westminster 
street, Providence. l'".m])lo\' about 40 haniis. 
Power for the jilant is supplied b)' a 20 horse 
power Cruickshank engine. 

Builders Iron Foundry. — M.mulactmers of all 
kinds of iron castings, water metres, architec- 
tural iron work, and do contract work for the 
goveiiniient in the manufactureof coast defence 
guns, etc. Husiness established in 1S22. In- 
corjiorated in ii^5.v Officers: /achariah 
Chafee, I'resident ; R. 
Austin R o b e r t s o n , 
Treasurer The works 
are located on Codding 
street, and are one of 
the oldest concerns of 
its kind in the city, as 
well as one of the largest. 
During the past seventy- 
hve years theyha\'e tilled 
large contracts for the 
go\'ernment, about the 
last of which was the 
making of a large nutii- 
ber of mortars for coast 
defence, which were 
counted as perfect in 
the line of heavy ortl- 
nance as any that ha\e 
ever been made. The 
gun carriages and the 
full equipment were also 
made b\' this concern. 

l*"or a time the Rice & 
Brady, e 

' Sargent engmes were 

made in these works. The foundry and machine 

sho[i are eijuipped with all kinds of machinery 

and ajipliances for doing nearly every kind of 

metal work 

Diamond Machine Co. -Manufacturers of ma- 
chinery for operating emery wheels. Their jjro- 
ductsare manufactured at the Huilders Iron Foun- 
drv, on CotUlington street, Pro\idence. Husiness 
foiiiierl)' located on .Xtwell's a\'enue. John A. 
Cioss is treasurer of the company. Incorporated 

George W. Dickinson. To[) roll coverer 
Husiness established in No\-eniber, 1869. Works 
located at 44 Horden street. Providence (ieorge 
W. Dickinson was born in Philadeli>hia, Pa., in 
( )ctol.)er, 1 84 J. 



AND BUSINKSS MKN Ol' Klioni': ISLAM). 



269 



Bradney Novelty Co. — Manufacturers of nov- 
elties in scarf pins, brooches, and a general line 
of rolled gold and electro-plated goods. Works 
located at 1 17 Point street, }'rovidence. .Arthur 
J. IVI\ers, the proprietor, was born in Litchfield, 
England, May 11, 185 1, he began manufactur- 
ing jewelers' findings in South Providence in 
1885, in which line he continued for about five 



manufacturing business, assisted b\' Mrs. M\ers 
lie established the business of the Bradnev 
Xovelt}' Co. in 1898, and his trade has gradualh 
increased until now he emjjloys about 25 hand.'^ 
in his establishment. 

The Empire Rubber Shoe Co. — Manufacturers 
of rubber shoes. The present business was in- 
corporatetl in June, 1901, Capitalized for 




Plating Works of John F. Brady, Corner Friendship and Garnet Streets, Providence. 

years. For a number of years Mr. M_\ers was a 550,000. Factory located on ( )ak street, Woon- 
regular Minister of the (iospel in the I'rimitive socket. R. I. ICmploy 140 hands. Officers : 



Methodist Church, during which time he gave 
up the manufacturing business. lie is at pres- 
ent pastor of a church just outside of the city of 
i'rovidence. He is also a deacon in the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, and does a great deal of 
church work, at the same time attending to his 



Herman Clarke, President; C. \'. N. Radclife, 
Treasiuer; Charles P. Russell, .Secretarv. The 
building was erected by the Model Rubber Co. 
in 1899, and is a substantial wooden structin-e. 
well eciuii)])ed with modern rubber-working 
machiner\ . 



-"o 



liKx.k.AI'IlICAl, 11IS1()R\- ()!■ rill'. MA\tl-.\(ri'Rl';k,S 



Fuller Iron Works. MaiiutactLii crs of inm 
castings, water works specials, steam and gas 
flanged pijje and littings, and general niarhiner\- 
castings. Business established in I1S40. W'oiks 
located on South M.un, Toi'kwotton, Pike and 
l?enetit streets. I'roxiileiice. Incorporated ni 
|S()4. C".ipitali/ed for Sioo.ooo. I'',ni[)loy 100 
h.mds. Otlicers: l'"rederic I'"uller, I'resident ; 
h'rederic 11. l-'uller, \'ice I'resident ; II. Clinton 
I'uUer. .Secretar\' anil Treasurer. 

I''rederic I'ullei. the I'resitlent of the com 



that tune it was considered one of the most im- 
portant loundrics in this section and of New 
h'.ngland, and the fact that u|)on the introduc- 
tion of water into the city of Boston, many ot 
the large water mains of the Boston water 
works were cast here at h'rederick I'~uller's 
foundry, is evidence that the foundry was 
equip])ed tor doing the heaviest of work that 
was required at that time. Mr. I'^dler carried 
on the business in his own name untd his death 
in 1S65. His sons, I'"rederic and (ieorge I''uller. 
became his natural succe.ssors and thej' adopteti 
the name ot l-'uller Iron Works, which name has 



..as.kV* 




Macliine Shop of the FuUei 

pany, was born in I'.aston, .Mass., March .S, I1SJ5. 
lie came with his [larents to Cranston, K. 1., 
where his tatlier, I'redeiick I'uller, began the 
loundry business at ttie Cranston ore beds in 
1S33, making nearlv all of the castings for the 
.Spragues' and the other mills ot the i'awtuxet 
\'alley of that ])eriod. In 1 840 l'"redei ick I'uller 
purchased the woo<len l)uildings which were 
elected by the I'O.x Point I'"oiiiulry Co. upon 
the site of the present plant. I'he builders of 
the foundr)' never comjiletetl nor operated it, 
but sold the jiropertv t(j .Mr. b'uller, who imme- 
• liately e(iui|)i)ed the same and heg.in business 
on i|uite an e.xtensive scale lor those days. At 



Iron Works, Providence. 

been retained ever since. The business was 
carrieil along as a tirm until the death of (ieorge 
I''uller in 1^94, the company then being incor- 
])orated, Mr. I<'retleric 1^'uller's two sons enter- 
ing as members of the corporation at that time. 
In iSf)() the three story brick building was 
erecteil, along with other improvements, and 
the steel and glass machine shop was built in 
1.S93, the dimensions being 90 by 220 feet, the 
object ot this steel structure with glass uixm 
three sides being to juovide perfectly dittused 
light through the hea\-y ribbed glass that was 
used. This was the llrst steel structure ot its 
kiiul erected in the cit\- of Providence. It is 
])robably the best lighted machine shop in the 



AND HUSINKSS MKS ( )!•• RIlOlJl'; ISLAND. 



271 



country. The latest addition to the works is 
the foundry building, which replaces the origi- 
nal wooden structure, and was erected during 
the present year of igoi. It is of the same 
steel and glass construction as the machine 
shop, consisting of two sections 50 and 40 feet 
wide by 100 feet in length and together with 
the connecting buildings gives an area of about 
18,000 square feet for foundry [)ur|ioses. 

Mr. Frederic H. Fuller, the Vice-President of 
the company, is a native of Providence where 
he was born in May, 1847. He has charge of 
his father's brass foundry, which is located at 
the corner of .South Main and Tockwotton 



In 1896 Mr. Fuller built the Fuller Huilding 
at the corner of Sabin and West IC.xchange 
streets, one of the most substantial business 
blocks of the city, and in other ways he has 
shown his enterprise and public spirit. The 
first use that this new building was put to was 
for an Industrial Iv.vposition that was planned 
and develojjed by the Providence Board of 
Trade as a means of disjilaying many of the 
manufactured products of the State for the in- 
spection of the Mexican, Central and South 
American delegates who were making a tour of 
the country on the invitation of the Philadel- 
phia Commercial Museum. A reception was 




Office and Foundry of the Fuller Iron Works, Providence. 



streets, Providence, which was established by 
I'Vederic F'uller in 1859. 

Mr. R. Clinton P^uller, the Secretary and 
Treasurer of the company, is a native of Provi- 
dence where he was born in (Ictober, 1856. He 
was educated in Providence, and after leaving 
school entered the employ of the company, ac- 
quiring a complete knowledge of the \arious de- 
partments of the business. He is at [iiesent 
the manager of the works. 

Mr. Frederic P'uller, the President of the com- 
pany, has made the Fuller Iron Works as well 
known as any similar concern in the. State, 
gradually enlarging the plant to meet the in- 
crease of trade. 



tendered them upon their arrival the 17th of 
June, at which Governor I^lisha Dyer made the 
address of welcome. The exhibition was very 
complete, filling nearly the entire building. 

Frederic Fuller Bell and Brass Foundry. — 
Manufacturer <.)f church, school, factor)- and fire 
alarm bells, heavy brass and bronze castings of 
every description, composition rolls for calen- 
ders and paper machinery. Works located at 
the corner of South Main and Tockwotton 
streets. Providence. Business established by 
Mr. F'uller in 1859. Many of the mills through 
out the State, as well as churches and P^re De- 
partment of the city of Providence, are sup- 
plied with bells from this foundry. 



nil x.RAi'iiicAi. iiisruk\- (i|- iiii'; m.\xi'i-ac i iki;RS 



The Towel Rack and Novelty Mfg. Co.— Manu 
tactiirers dl t<i\\cl rai ks and novelties in wood 
and metal- Business estal)lished in 1N75 1)\' 




Charles A. Bnckley. 

Chas. A. IVickley. lie began manntacturing 
towel racks on .Sonlh Mam street after leav- 
ing school, and later removed to Aborn street, 
remaining there about live years. Increase of 
business compelled him to enlarge his facilities, 
which he did bv erecting a large plant at 
Auburn, K. 1., in 1 Siji 1. He manufactures a 
\'ariety <it styles in wood and metal towel racks. 
His goods are extensivel)' used throughout the 
I'nited .States and e.\i)ort trade is carried on 
through the New ^'ork office, -,0 Warren street. 
The business has l)cen managed under the 
su])ervision of Mi'. Hrickley. who has made the 
enterprise successful, having received several 
medals on his designs. 

Greenwich Bleachery. — lileachers, dyers and 
pi inters, llusiness originally eslalilished about 
1S40 by the Mast <iiecnwicli Mtg. Co., and 
known as the "(.reen's Dale I51eachery A 
.Mr. 'riiornley o|ierated the pl.int tor some tiirie, 
,ind afterw.irds the works came into the posses 
sion ot (ieorge 1 .\dains, who converted the 
l)leacher\ into a print works tor |)riiiting de 
Klines, whicii were the liist goods ol this kind 
printed in the L'nited .States. 'Iliex proved the 
most beautitiil article tor dress goods that were 



|)ul upon the maiket, and the tickets upon the 
cloth tieing i)rinted in l-'rench, purchasers be 
lie\ed they were buying foreign fabrics. The 
printing was done with wooden blocks b\' 
.Scotch and laiglish workmen. Later he began 
printing calico, which was successful until 1M50, 
when the entire plant was destroyed by tire. 
The owners rebuilt the works, and Mr, .Adams 
began "Blue Printing," which he continued 
until iSj^; the firm ol .\d,ims & Butterworth 
w.is lormed in the latter )'ear, and they carried 
on the Inisiness of "Madtler Printing" until 1X56. 
Then Mr. Butterworth operated the business 
alone until iN^S, when tire again destroyed the 
works. The owners again rebuilt the works, 
and leased them to 'I'heodore .Schroeder, who 
opci.ited them until iSOJ. .Since iSOjthe print 
works were o])erated b\' .\dams \- Butterworth, 
and after others tried to carry on the business, 
the plant finally came into the possession ot 
I'eter ('orr, of Taunton, Mass., an e.\tensi\e te.\ 
tile manufacturer, who is the present owner, or 
.it le.ist he controls the business, l-^ast (ireen- 
wich was at one time noted for its manulac 
tures, but at [present there is very little done in 
that line. The print works are located on Mas 
kerchugg brook, at the south end of the village. 
This stream provides very pure water for 
bleaching purposes, but the plant is (}])erated 
mosth' by steam. 

Whittle Dye Works. -Dyeing and tinishing 
of cotton goods. lousiness established by W. 
]■■.. Whittle in 1S96. Incorporated in 1S91J. 
(.'ai)itali/e(l for SJCOOO. Works located at liell 
fonte, town of Cranston, R. I., formerly known 
as the "Turkey Ked" establishment, l-'.miiloy I -'3 
hands. nfticers: W. K. Whittle. President; 
T P. 1 lilies, Ireasurer; R, I .. Paine, .Secretary. 

Centredale Worsted Mills. Manuf.icturers of 
worsted yarns. Incor])orated in iSiji. Capital 
i/,ed for Si 00,000, {•',m])loy J 511 hands. Mills 
located at Centred, lie, R I, The comp.my also 
operate another mill birther up the stream, at 
Stillwater, R. I. ()t'(icers: William .\, Mackie, 
President; James Lister, I r.. Treasurer ; William 
Dracup, Secretary. The first mill built at 
Centredale is said to he along about 1.S20. 

Crompton & Knowles Loom Works. M;inufac 
tureis lit plain and lancy looms, jacipiards, dob 
bies, and war]) stoj) motions. HeatKpiarters in 
Worcester, Mass. Proxidence works, corner ot 
,\corn street and Harris avenue. 



AND RUSINKSS MUX ()l- Rlioni'; ISLAND 



273 



D. Goff & Sons. — AlanutacluriT- m" hraiils 
anil pUislu-s. I'.\isincss estahlislK'd in 1861. 
Works located on tlu- lUackstonc River at 
I'awtucket l'"all';. and is one of the most ex- 
tensi\-e textile ])lants in the State. Incur- 
])orated in 1884. Darius L. Goff. President and 
'I'reasnrer. who is a native of Rehoboth. .Mass., 
where he was horn in the \ illa.sje of that name 
-March 20. 1840. He graduated fnun I'.niwn 
I ni\ersit\- in 1862. The hnsini-s> nndci' tlie 
name of 1). (]off & Sons was l)et;nn in the did 
-Stone .Mill, situated on the east bank of the 
P>lackstone River, just above the I'alls, which 
was erected in 1813. Tiiis was in i8()4. Ilnsi- 
ness increased rapidly, and annlhei- mill wa> 
built jnst south of the old mill. In 1877 Darius 



but his son, Darius I,., has seconded his father's 
efforts ever since the betjinniny; of the l)usiness. 
and since his father's death in i8<ji he has had 
the Si ilf management of the concern. Ife is 
rrcsident and Triasurer of the llridge .Mill 
Power L'o.. which \\a> incor])oratcd in 1897, 
and is prominently connected with a number 
I il I it her enli-rprises. 

Nottingham Mill. — Manufacture cotton 
gniids. Pusinos isi.ililishcd in l8_>(i. The oldest 
>team cut tun mill in .\'ew Pngland. 1 1 was first 
kuKun as the I'mxidence Steam .Mill, under 
which n:uuc il cuiiiimied to do business until 1863. 
It w.iN then ch.niged ti> the .Nottingham Mills, 
and later K, tlic W anrcgan Mills. P.. P.. cK: R. 
kni^lit hccanu- the inanaiiers of the mill in 




UlBeeESeRIEJeEEEEItEEEEr.... 

EBECECIEEEDJiF.fSeFFFilitcFsl 



f'^^^miiim 



-i- 




Plant of D Goff & Sons, Pawtucket, R. I. 



L. t'lofT originated the idea of putiuig up liraid> 
on rolls and fastening the cud^ with wire 
vlasps. This patented method became a great 
success. The Gof¥ braids have been in com- 
mon use throughout the I'nited Stales and 
other countries f(.ir many years, being almost 
a household necessity for binding the skirts of 
dresses, coats, etc. In 1881 the com|i;iny began 
the manufacture of mohair [ilush for car seats, 
furniture, etc.. which is equal in every respect 
to the best foreign productions. These two 
])rodnctious are among the leaders of the 
manufactured goods of the State. Lyman P.. 
voungest son of Darius Goft. was admitted to 
the firm in 1872, and became Vice President upon 
its incorporation. Darius Goff was the prime 
mo\er in the estal)lishment of the enterprise. 

vis. 



\ugn>t. i8(j(>. and the following year the name 
was again changed to Nottingham Mill, and in 
lamiary. njot. they became the owners of the 
propcrtv. putting in new machincrv and enlarg- 
nig the plant, making it a modern mill so far as 
ei|ui])ment is concerned. The mill is located at 
the junction of P.ddy ;md D\er streets, Provi- 
ilenci', the rear oi the mill bordering' on the 
h.iiiior front. P.mploy _'5() hands. Power for 
the plant is sui)])lied by a Harris-Corliss cross- 
compound and a Geo. II. C'orliss engine, of 600 
horse powrr. Ihe old original engine was of 
the walking beam type, but it was not the first 
cngineiisedinthecity. The second engine was jiut 
in by what is now known as the Providence Dvc- 
ing. Pleaching and Calendering Co., a cut of 
which is shown in this book in connection with 
that compain's business record. 



-74 



Hl( XiKAI'lIK Al. lllSlom' ()!■■ Till'. MAXTI-'ACTr 



KS 




The Union Wadding Co. — ( )nc nt the oldest ol 
I'.iwlLU'ket's mdiistncs was established in 1.S47 
by Darius ( Kiii. In iS;y Mr. (lolf associated 
himself with John 1). Cranston and Stephen 
KiDwnell undei' the funi nanient ( iolf, Cranston 
»\: Urownell, for earryini; on the business of 
buying and selling cotton .ind cotton waste, and 
to the members of this firm and Henry A. 
Stearns he disposed of thi ec ijuarters ot his 
holdings in the Cnion Wadding Co. In uSjo 
the ^ompally was incorjiorated with a ca[iital of 
5^00,000, which 
was soon after in 
creased to S.iOO,- 
000. In iSSo The 
Cnion Wadding * 
Co, purchased the 
business ami assets 
of (ioff. Cranston 
i\: Hrownell, ami 
the stock holdmgs 
of Messrs. Cran 
ston and Browned 
were jnirchased by 
Mr. Cioff and his 
son, l.yman. Mr. 
( ioff was President 
of the coni|)any 
from 1.S70 until his 
death in iSyi, when 
he was succeeded 
by his son, I .yman 
H. (iolf, who had 
been Treasurer 
since iX.So. 

Lyman H. ( iofi 
was born in Keho 
both. Mass., ( )ct. 
U). 1S41. and re 
moveil with his 
|)arents to Paw- 
tucket in I. '^47 I le received his elementary and 
])reparatory education in the (irammar and 
1 ligh schools ol Pawtucket and was graduated 
Irom Hrown Cnlversity with the class of 1S62. 
1 le entered the military ser\'ice at I'drt Aber 
crombie. iJakota. at the outbreak of the .Sioux 
war of i.S()J, .md remained in the serxice until 
the close ot that war. l']>on his return to I'.iw 
tucket he was salesman loi 1). (lolf iv .Son and 
continued in this emiiloyment until 1X72. when 
he was admitted to the lirm, the natiie then be- 




Lym.in B Gott. 



ing changed to I), (loll iv .Sons, whith was in- 
corporated in iiS,S4. In I S<So he was elected 
Treasurer ol the L'nion Wadding Co. and al- 
though retaining his interest in I), (ioff &. Sons, 
he devoted all of his time and energies to the 
business of the Cnion Wadding Co, .Soon 
after the merging ot the two concerns, (ioff, 
Cranston iV Miownell .md the Cnion Wadding 
Co., the wadding ])art of the business began to 
fall oil, and from that time to the ])resent it has 
not kejit pace with the increase ot ])o|)ulation. 

Many concerns 
have attenijjted its 
man u f acture, but 
have been obliged 
to sto[) on account 
ot the limitetl de- 
mand for the goods, 
substitutes of all 
kinds ha\ing to a 
large extent taken 
the place of wad- 
ding. Hut the num 
erous mills starting 
up so rapidly all 
over the country 
gave an impetus 
to the waste busi- 
ness and the new 
management, see 
ing an o])])ortunit)- 
to hugely increase 
that de])artment of 
its business, ]iur 
I based, in icS,S7,the 
]\iverside Mills of 
Augusta. (ja.. 
which company at 
that time was large- 
ly engaged in the 
waste business as 




well as the manufacture of cotton batting. For 
this purpose the capital of the Cnion Wadding 
Co., which had several times been increased 
to meet the growing demands, was again in- 
creased, the i)resent cajntali/ation being 
Si, 500, 000, This com]ian}-, at its mills in 
.\ugusta and P.iwtuckel, do the largest waste 
business in this country, if not in the world, and 
it is .dso the largest manufacturing establish- 
ment of cotton batting. The present olTicers 
are: Lvman H, (ioff. President; Henry A 



"o --r 



c 




J -6 



lUoi.RAl'llKAI. IIISIORV 01-" Till'; M ANU I'ACTU K I-IRS 



A. Stearns. X'ico-l'resiclcnt ; (leo. M. 'riiorriton, 
Treasurer. Mr. (iolT is President of the E.xcel 
sior ( tuiltint; Co. of \ew \'ork with its branch 
in ("hieago. anil is President ot the Pawtucket 
HairClo'tli C"o. I le is X'iee President of D. (Joff 
& Sons, also of the Uridine Mill Power Co., a 
corporation formed by his brother Darius L. 
and himself, to handle m corporate form the 
multiiilied estate of Darius (ioff, deceased, and 
to develop the water ])ower on the west sitle of 
the Pawtucket river at its lower falls. 

This com[)any built the electric power station, 
which |iroi)ert\' was afterwards sold to the Paw- 
tucket I'llectric Co.. the Prid<;e Mill Power Co. 



Cohankus Mfg. Co. of Paducah. Ky., and in the 
R. I. Ilospital Trust of Providence, and the 
Pawtucket Hranchof the Industrial Trust Co. lie 
was rei)resentati\e from Pawtucket to the (ien- 
eral Assembly in i8S8, and a presidential elec 
tor the same year. He declined the Republi 
can nomination for Lieut, -Governor of this 
State in 1S91. I le was a national commissioner 
to the World's Columbian Ivxposition at Chi- 
cago in 1893. and was President of the Paw 
tucket Business Men's Association for five suc- 
cessive years from 1893. He was an active 
member of the R. I. militia with the rank of 
of l.ieut, -Colonel, and commanded the battalion 




George W. Payne & Co. 

retaining a one hall interest. Mr. Golf is also 
Vice-President of the American Te.vtile Co. of 
Pawtucket, a corporation organized in 1890 by 
lle/ekiah Conaiit and Mr. Golf, together with 
1), 1., Goff, Samuel Conant, and (ieo. M. Thorn- 
ton, tor the manufacture of line laces in cotton 
and silk, lie is \'ice-President of the Paw- 
tucket Street Railway Co., and one of the \'ice- 
Presidents of the Home Market Club and the 
National Association of Manufacturers. I le is a 
director in all of the above named comi.ninies 
and in the Royal Weaving Co of Pawtucket. the 
Dominion Wadding Co. of Montreal, Canada, 
the Riverside Mills of Augusta, tia,, and the 



Works, Fawlutkit. R. I. 

of light artillery until it was di.sbanded under 
a revision of the militia law of the State. In 
1S90 he organized a boys' club for the elevation 
and advancement of the working and newsboys 
of Pawtucket, and in 1901 he purchased the 
Moiton estate on Past avenue and erected a 
tine building 1 8() f ect in length and 51 feet ui 
wddth, four stories in height, eipiipping it 
with a large swimming tank, numerous shower 
baths and dining rooms, three bowling alleys, 
gymnasium and .1 large auditorium, readiiig. 
play, class and other rooms. Mr. Goll 
erected this building as a memorial to his son, 
l.vman Thornton Goff, who died in June. 1900. 



AND BUSINIISS Mi;\ Ol' KIloDl'; ISLAND. 



^n 



and deeded it to the I'awtucket 15oy.s' Club. 
Mr. (joff is forceful, energetic and progres- 
sive in his idea.s and purposes, and succeeds to 




Robert Linton. 

the prestige of his father in carrying forward 
the greatly enlarged undertakings he had estab- 
lished, while originating and establishing new 
and diversified industries which give pro.sperity 
and success to I'awtucket beyond other manu- 
facturing centres. 

lie was married on Dec. 14, 1884, to Alniira 
Wheaton. daughter of Jesse Smith and Eliza- 
beth \'iall (Merry) Thornton of I'awtucket. 
Their children were Lyman Thornton, (died 
June 8, 1900), and Elizabeth Lee. 

George W. Payne & Co. — Manufacturers of 
cotton and -woolen machinery, iheir s])ecialties 
being spoolers, hosiery winders and quillers. 
r.usiness established in 1863 l>y Holmes & 
I'ayne. After one year Mr. TTolnies sold his 
interest to George ^V. Payne, and then Thomas 
A. Mathewson was admitted and the llrni name 
became I'ayne & Mathewson. and later .\lr. 
( ieorge M. h'anning l>ecame a member of the 
firm, the business being carried along tmder 
this name for fourteen years. Upon .\lr. 
Mathewson's death the firm name then became 
( leorge W . I'ayne & Co. The first shop was 
located o\i ilie we-i bank of tin.- Ulackstone 
Kiver, iietween the l"all> and the ujjper dam. 
where the mills of the Littletield Manufaclur- 
iiiLT Co. arc now located. After two rears a 



larger shop was occttpied near the old Grist 
.Mill I'rivilege. l)e]ow the balls, where the busi- 
ness was carried on for fourteen years. Then 
rooms were secured in the I'avne & 'rayli>r 
r.uilding on I-^ast avenue. In I-'ebruary. 11883. 
tlu- tirm removed to their present location in 
tile building owned b\- the IJroad Street Power 
Co., at io() llroad street. Pawtucket. The 
works now cover an area c»f 150 by 50 feel, and 
an ell 50 by 30 feet. Employ about 40 men. 
Mr. I'ayne. after leaving school, went to work 
lor I'.-iyiie iv Taylor, where he remained for 
two years in their engraving shop. After this 
lie ^er\e<l three years to learn the carpentering 
business with .\ndrew R. Slade. Here he re- 
mained mitil 18(13. "lien the first partnershi]) 
was fornie<l that brouL;bt out the successful 
business that followed. I le is a native of Paw- 
tucket. where he was born in June. 1843. 
< ieorge .\l. I'amiing was born in East Green- 
wich. R. L, in 1842. .Mr. I'anning served his 
a])prenticeship with t'oiirell & I'>aI)Cock. of 
\\ esterly. and b'ales iS; Jenks. of I'awtucket. 
am] afterward began biisine>s on his own ac- 
count, and then iMitered tlu- lirni ol (Jeorge \\ . 
1 ';i\ lie il- t o. in kSjc). 

Hope Paper Company. — .Manufacturers of 
card board, glazed and lithograph ]^aper>. 
^.t^^illl•-^^ e-^tabli^hed |ul\ 11. h;oi. by Eliza 
lieth Linton, who j^ the ^ojc priiprietor. Rob- 
ert Linton. .Manager. ( )ti'u-e and factorx' 
loi'atL-il at _'o' I llrook >lreet. I'awtucket, R. I. 
l\oln-rl Linton, who ha> the full charge of the 
)ilant. w a^^ born in l'.-ii^le\. Scotland, and came 
to .\merica in 1833. I lis kii<w\kdge ot the 
maiuifacture oi card board, glazed and lilho- 
L;i'ai)li paper- i> compU-te. and hi> long experi- 
ence in tlii-^ line of manufai'lure has enabled 
liini to accpiire a >\-teiii that few pa])er manu- 
facturers of tlii-' couiilrx possess, llis ])roduc- 
tion> ha\e been sold among the leading litliog- 
raplier^ and prinler- of ibe Lilited States, and 
lhe\ ha\ei;i\en niii\er-~al ~.at i>lact ion. .\bnlern 
]iriiitim.;. both in lithograph and half-tone 
worls. re(|nire- a p;i]iei- with a >nrface that is 
perfect ami maile >peciall\ for tine lui't line 
effect-, and the product- of the Hope paper 
niill- meet these recpiirement-. The W(_)rks are 
-uli-tantial -tnicture-. modern in every respect, 
and well eipiiii|ie(l with the late-t pajjt-r making 
m;icliiner\-. Lower for the woi'ks is supplied 
1)\ ;i Crei-ne -team entwine of 1 _>3 horse power, 
and the entire plant i- lighted by electricity. 

The coinp,-m_\ i> ;it pre-enl making ;' ;-,ie- 
eialtv of wliite glazed paper- for boxniaki'rs, 
and h;i- the reputation of pnidiiciuL'- '.'-'e finest 
;;ood- ill ill!- line. Mthough a coniparativelv 
new concern, it ha- alre.idy gained an !m- 
port;iiit -tanding m the commercial worh! a-'id 
l)ids fair to become one of l';iwtucket'- most 
-ncce--ful (-nter])rises. 



_'"S 



|( »(,k.\l'IIU Al. I1IST()R\' ()!■ Till MAMIACiLki'.kS 




James 0. Draper 



J. O. Draper & Co. — M ainil';uliin.r> of ..li\r liurr iinlil 1X3(1. ami 111 iSi.i wiili \liiiir At- 
(III anil l'.n^li~li tiu; M-iap inr washiiii;' wmil. wikmI slarlnl llu- mi;i]i hn^iiu-^^ m I'awliu'kcl. 
wdiilcn. \\iir-~Uil and >ilk L;ni)ils. wliitr I If wa-^ a ni.in nl ^U'rlin;^ rliaracter. .-.tronij 

lorlinL;--, ,in rnrin\ In lir Irarrd ami a Irii-inl 
wliii wiinlil >lanil li\ in i1k- rnd. 

Mr. A. W . ."^t:inlr\ i-, a n:ui\r ni' AiiKlmrn. 
.\las>,. \\ lure 111' \\a- Imrn SrplrnilH r ,VJlli. 
1S47, .inij \\,i- a in|iln\\ iii llu- iniimKr nt tliu 
liu~iiu-~, Snnii .iiur licrnnnnL; .a nn-niln-r nt 
llir lirm lie i-.irnnl tin- |iiim'ipal Imnliii ni iIk- 
lui^inc^^. .-iml In ]ii~ tulrrprisc ami ^tricl alU-n- 
imn tn It- ijri.aiU. tin- --tc-,ail\ L;rn\\tli ni' tin- 
fniHiiii 1- larL;rl\ iliic I pnn tile ilcatli iit .Mr. 
I )rapi'f, t lilnlicr i_). iSnl. lir lifcanu' llu- >nK' 
nian.aL;c'r :mil li.a-. iniit niiinl in i^ur lif~ pc-r- 
v(iii,-|l .It I rut mil In tile luisinc-- c-\rf -iiu'r tli.at 
lime \li", Sl.iiili'N li.a^ luiii iiil crc'-t I'll 111 ntlu'i" 
rnu-rpfi-r- nl iiii| infi .aiu'i', I lie ,\l .'11111 l.acl iirrr- 

rillililin^ III I 'rn\ idi'lU'l'. nlU' nl llu- l.'ll'i;i'~1 

nianii lari nriiiL; liiiildiiiL;- m llu- Slali', w.'i^ Imill 
li\ llu- knil \' Sl.'inlrx ( n.. nt w liiili lie \\ a-^ llic 
rrr^idi'iii . and lie wa^ ,'l]-^n a nu'inlK-f nt the 
t'lnii III Im'iii Ov Maiilrv, iiianiilai'l iirmu; lrv\'cl- 
ci"-- III I'rnx idi'iirc. wliu'li inni'trn \\a- cnii- 
>iiKTi'il I nil' III till' nm-t I'lii ct"] ifi--inL; nl 1 lir cit \ . 
'Mir --nail \\nrk-, wirr rniniilrud in llicii" prc^- 
ml Infill III iSiin. iii)\i|i) Ic'ct. tlifff >lnfii.'S ill 
lu'iL;lit. riiriT 1- aUn a -Inrr Imiisc. (lOxXo 
tret, nl' iliriT -tnru'- 1 lu wnfk^ .aiT well ;ir- 
ranL;rd Inf tjir in.'iiiiil.iiiiirr nt Mi;ip. and arc 
ri|iii])pi'd Willi inndrni ni.'u'liim'rx and a])- 

clii]ipi'd >nap I'nr -^traw. pniil wnrk- ,'iiid pli,iiu-c^. I'lir aniin.'il niiipnt ni ilic iai-lnf_\ i- 

stcaii! l;iiinilru'>. ]ialiii nil. IiIcu'Iiihl;. Inll- almiil 3,nnn.niin pniimN. .'ind llu-if prndiu'l> 

11114 ;ii"l ^rniirinn snap^ Inr ;ill i.ulnry ::-.•--. liavr lirminr \ rrx ]inpiil.if .unnn.^ tin- tii.inn- 

,\l^n l';iiiiil_\ -naps III' all kind- .'iml .1 lariat liiu' 

nl' tnilrt -n.-iji- I'.ii-iiU'-- r-1 al ili-lii'i I in I S' . ; I 

lu laillf- 11. 1 'r.iprr .iiid \liiur \l\\nnd. tin- 

hii-iiU'Nv ki-iiiL; rarrii'd nii iimKr llu' linn iiaiiK' ,,. 

Ill' I ir.apcr \' \l w nnd mild iSnj.wlu'ii \iil;u-iii- 

W ( "rn\\ I'll w .'1- admit U'd a- a tin iiilu'r nt 1 lir 

t'liiii, llu- iiaiiu- llicn ln'iiiL; rlian^id In llra]H't'. 
\l w.ind \' I 'n. A t'cw tiinii ill-- later Ml', 1 M.qH't' 

linnL;lii niti till- inirrt'-l- nf hi- panncr-. .-iml 

I'arrii'd mi tin- liii-iiu--- alniu- ttnlil 1S71. when 
\rlliiir \\ , M,'iiilr\ w.'i- adniitti'd a- a parlnrr. 

till' iiami' ni llu- lirin tlini :idnpU'd ln'niL;" I 1 '- 

I )l'.'lprl' \ ( n,, wllH'll h.'l- linn till -1\K' tn t 1 U' 

pi'i'-i'iil linn lanii'- I I l)ra]Mr w .1- Imrii in 

Xlllcl'ni'n, Inn, Julli. 1X1,^ Mr .iiundi'd iIk- 
pnl'lu' -i-linnj- ,-inil wnri cd nil 111- i.'i 1 1 lit' '- farm 

llnlll hr \\a- III, wllrll 111' Willi In Milll-lnll. 

Ma — .. .-11111 Icariii'd 'lir ir.idr I'i -Imrinakmi; 
\t jn hr wrlll In Mnliijr. \1,L, wlu'rr lir and 
In- lifnthrr m l,-i\\. I II Sl.inlrv li.itlirr ni A 
W M;iiilr\. In- 1,'ilri- ]i:irlnri'i, \\rrc- i'iiL;a.i;rd 
III lllr prndnrr Im-Illr-- Mr rrtliriird In .\ ' 

tU-linrn ,-ind tnnk rharL;r i>i In- i.ilhrr'- i;u'ni 

.-iiid did -mnr -hnrtnak iiii;. .'iiid m 1X41) wrnl 

■i-nnnd lllr llntii tn I alifnrni.-i nii tlir -Irainn 
\rrntii- .'ind \\a- -i\ nintith- mi tlir way. In i.nl iirn- i<i tlu rniintiv. hrran-r nl tlu' nni- 
1X30 lu- rrtiiiiird hniiu- inr ,1 -limi tiiiir. hut inrm ipi.ilitx n\ thrir -nnd-, 'llu- work- arc 

w<-ni In ( .'ilifi iriiia ai^ani in 1X3J and rnnaincd Incalnl mi linnl .ind ( l.i\ -lirrl-, I '.iw I lu'kcl. 




Arthur W. Stanley. 



AND HUSINi;SS MKN OI'' RIIODI''. ISLAND. 



279 



Wlu-n -Mr. Draper first l)c.i,'^aii iiusincss his 
plant was a very small affair as e()in|)are(l with 
the present factory, Init the business from the 
start has enjoyed a steady jjrowth, and the 
works were enlarged from time to tinn' to meet 
the increase of business, mitil the ])resent ex- 
tensive establishment was completed. The 
firm ha\e not passed a weekly payroll since 
the establishment of the business, almost 41 
years ago, and are supplying some nf the same- 
customers thev began business with. 



Wilson's Shoddy Mill. — Maiuifaciure dI pa]ier ami w 



wood and iron work for wagons and carriages. 
W orks located in Woonsocket, just al)ove the 
I'alls, on tin- east bank of the Rlackstoiie River, 
lie is a naii\r of St. Ilyacinthe. Canada, where 
he was born lebruary 18, iXOS. He came to 
Woonsocket in 18S6, and after spending a few 
years in \ ermont learning the trade of a car- 
riage smith, he ri'lurnetl and established the 
])ri'>ent busim.'^^. 

Charles W. Jencks & Bro. — Manufacturers 
ooilfu boxes, r.usiness established 



mz 




Plant of J. O. Draper & Co., Pawtucket, R. I. 

shoddv. ( hvned bv William l\. W iKon and his ni September, iS^j. Works locateil at 31 I'.road 

nei)hew, 1 lerliert M. Wilson. The mamifacture >irii-t. Providence. I'lii-- is one of the oldest 

of shoiUU was begun here in iXf.o. The first mill p.ipei' box concerns in the coinitry. Charles \\ . 

was destroxed In- fire in 1871. and rebiuh the and lohii 1. Jencks, the pni])rietors. are both 

same year. I'rom 1878 until 181)3 llerberl M. nati\-es of Providence. They ,-ire the sole mami- 

Wilson carried on the shoddv mill, and then facturers ..f the "Sensible"' mailing box. l-.mploy 

, ,, -r- 7 1 1 ii . 1 -1 about 200 oi)erati V1.-N. 

( )lnev 1. Inman lea>eil the properly and earned 1 

on the same line of buMuess. Mill l.icated on John F. Lassen & Co.— .Manulacturvr.-. of 

, ,>.., ■ 1 - 1 ■ 1-11,1 awnings, tents, sails, etc. lUisiness estal)hshed 

the \\ 1 son re-ervoir which is snpi)lied bv the ^,^ ' ... ' , . , , , w » • , . ,. 

. . ' • m |S<)V Works located at n^^-, W estnnnster 

( lear River, about two miles irom 1 ascoag. K. I. ^^^.^.^.^ '| ■,., ^-j.k,,,,.,.. j,,i,„ |.-. j.assen i> a native 

J. L, Fugere. — \lainifactnri-r of ,-ill kinds of i>f llalifax. \o\-;i Scoii.-i. 



?.so 



HIOCRAIMIK \I. 1IISI()R\- ( )| 



I-; M.\Mi-A( ruR];Ks 



The A. T. Atherton Machine Co. .Manufac 
lurers ol cotton mill niachinei)'. IJusiness es- 
tablished in iSS- as the I'ottcr & Atherton Ma 
chine Co. 'I'he name was changed in 189310 
The A. T. Atherton Machine Co., anil in i,S(/i 
the business was reor<;"ani/ed under the same 
name. Works located on Prairie a\'cnue, I'aw 
tucket, on the India I'oint Branch of the N. ^^, 
\. II. vK: II. R. R. .\ new buildint;', modern in 
e\ery respect, and lUst completed this year ol 
ii)oi. I'jiiploy about 200 hands. ()tVicers: 1{. 
1,. I'"reeman. President, (ieo. W. Stalford, \'ice- 
Presiilent , I'led Anthony, .Secretary and Treas- 



remained lor six years. He then accepted the 
office of clerk for the Hebron M ft;. Co., in He- 
bronville, K. I., remaining three years. And then 
after ser\-ing one year with A. 15. McCrillis & 
Co., he engaged with Oliver Johnson iv Co., 
ICxchange street and Exchange ])lace, remaining 
about two years, and then he acce])ted a posi- 
tion with the Congdon & Carjjenter Co., where 
he remained some seventeen years, after which 
he engaged with the A. T. ^Atherton Machine 
Co., in 1899, and in A[)ri], 1901, he was elected 
the Secretar)- .and Treasurer of the corporation. 
P'red A. Wilde, the General Manager of the 




* * 1 « » . ^ 



^-.'^ 






"^>.'<3f4'- 



.^ 



J^'' 



New Plant of The A. T. Atherton Machine Co., Pawtiicket, R. I. 



urer; Fred ,\. Wilde, (ieneral Manager. 'I he 
Hoard of I )iretors are: V.. I.. P'reeman, (ieo. M. 
■Phornton, 1). P. (lolf, P.dward .Smith and tieo. 
W. Stafford. 

.Mr. .\nthony, the 'Preasurer of the company, 
is a native of Coventry, R. I. .\fter lea\ing 
school he entered the enijiloN- of Chas. P". Pease 
o' " 



company, is a native of J'rovidence. He was em- 
ployed for SIX years with the tjeo. W. Stafford 
.Mfg. Co., of Providence, which later consoli. 
tlated with the Knowles Loom Works, and was 
known as the Providence l>ranch, and later as 
the Providence Hranch of the Crompton tS: 
Knowles Loom Works. After leaving this 



f Hoston. in the u]iholstery Inisiness, and later comjiany he entered the emjiloy of 'Phe A. T. 

engaged with .'\nnable iv .\llen in the dry .\thertoii Machine Co., as .Asst. Manager, at the 

goods business in the .\rcade in Providence, as time of the reorganization in 1.S9O. January i, 

bookkee])er. .\fter leaving this place he en- 1901, he was elected the Ceneral Manager of 

tered the emjiloy of John IP I'.ddy ^s; Co., on the business. Phe works formerly occujiied 

I'.xchange street as their bookkee])er, where he were located on Broad street, Pawtucket, 



AND liUSlNKSS .MKX UF RllUDE ISLAND. 



281 



which were a part of the property owned by the 
Broad Street I'ower C"o. The new j^lant will 
afford an increased floor space, which will en- 
able the company to carry on their business on 
a larger scale, in a factory that is equipped with 
all of the modern machinery necessary in the 
manufacture of their cotton machinery. 

Woonsocket Rubber Co. — Manufacturers of 
rubber boots and shoes. 1-iusiness established 
in 1865 by Lyman A. C'ook anil Simeon S. 
Cook, who soon after employed Jose[)h Hanigaii 
to help set u]) the machinery for the new works. 
In May, 1867, the business was incorporated 
under the present name, the incorporators be- 



construction. During a greater part of his life 
the late Joseph Banigan was the controlling 
spirit of the company, and to his energy much 
of the success of the undertaking was due. The 
weekly pay roll of this company amounts to 
over $20,000. The capacity of the Millville 
plant is 8,000 ])airs of boots daily, and that of 
the Woonsocket factory is 25,000 pairs of shoes 
in a single day. I'hese rubber goods are made 
in all of the prevailing styles so that every per- 
son may have as good a fitting rubber as they 
ha\e in a shoe. 

American Textile Co. Manufacturers of lace 
goods in cotton and silk. Business incorpor- 




Woonsocket Rubber Co., "Alice Mill," Woonsocket, R. I. 



ing: Lyman A. Cook, -Simeon S. Cook, Joseph 
Banigan, Latimer W. Ballou and Henry L. 
Ballon. Works are located at Woonsocket, R. 
I., and Millville, Mass. Capitalization, $3,000,000. 
Employ 2,500 hands. The present officers are: 
Samuel P. Colt, l^resident ; P'rederick Cook, 
Treasurer; C. H. (juild. Secretary. Twenty 
boilers are recjuired to furnish steam for both of 
the mills, and Corliss engines are used to the 
extent of about 2,000-horse power. The factory 
at Millville manufactures rubber boots and the 
Alice Mill at Woonsocket is where the rubber 
shoes are all made. The accompanying cut is a 
good representation of the Alice Mill, and the 
factory at Millville is very similar in style and 



ated in 1898, works built in lyoo, in I'awtucket, 
just over the line from I'rovidence, near the 
dye works of the R. D. Mason Co. The mill is 
a modern one, and the industry promises to be 
one of the new enterprises that will be of great 
advantage to the State in the line of manufac- 
tures. Power supplied by steam. Officers: 
Hezekiah Conant, President; Lyman B. Goff, 
X'ice-I'resident ; (ieorge M. Thornton, Secretary- 
and Treasurer. 

J. D. Warren & Co. — Manufacturers of solid 
gold stone rings, and sterling silver rings. Busi- 
ness established about 18S0, and by the present 
company in February, 1899. Works located at 
21 Kddy street. Providence. 



j8: 



luoc.kAi'iiicAi iiisrom' oi' iiiF', M.\\ri'A(-n'ki-;Ks 



Eagle Mills. Manutaclurers ot corduinvs. 
])lusli. and cotton dress goods, liusincss estab- 
lished under the name of the drolon Mfg. Co., 
and in iSSj tin- business was reorganized under 
the name of the I'iagle Mills, ['"actories located 
near the new l)riilge. Woonsocket, R. I. The 
old wooden mill owned and operated by this 
company is one of the oldest in the city now 
in o[)eration, being built i)robably in 1831 Ijy 
John W . Hulfum, and ktiown as " lUitfum's 
Mill, " until the seconti mill was built a few 
years afterwards, when they were known as 
"Law's Mills," m honor of (^leorge I.avy, who 
was the Superinten- 
dent and Manager tor 
a numbei of years. 
John Hutlum certainly 
purchased the land 
here in 1831, and he 
probably built the old 
wooden factory the 
same yeai'. The st)le 
ot architectine of this 
mill was in use in 
Rhode IslantI for mill 
purposes the first halt 
ot the Nineteenth Cen 
tury. lunploy about 
300 hands. ()lficers: 
Charles Morris .Smith, 
I'resitlent ; (icorge M. 
Smith, rreasLuer and 
Secretary; (ieorge I I 
< irant. Superintendent, 
Mr. (irant is a nati\c 
lit Woonsocket, where 
he was b.iiii I )ecendier 
1 I. 1837. llcrcceiyed 
his etlui-atiuii in the public sihools of Wdon 
socket and i> a graduate of Smitlnille Semin- 
ary, of \i>rth Scituate, R 1. After leaving 
school he wuikcd for his uncle in the grocery 
business in I'.iwtuckcl. and soini after he was 
em|)loyeil li\ lulwaid llarris. the tamous 
woolen maiHitac tnrer, to learn the trade of a 
machinist. At the breaking out ot the Rebel 
lion he \yas the ho^s machinist at the Jenks' 
Mill in Jeuksville. \\ donsocket. now the duerin 
.Spinnuig ( u. Mill. He also worked as a ma 
chinist in rro\idcnce at the l'"ranklin b'oundry 
anil Hope lion I'Dundiy along about iS;8 and 
l85y. lie w.is attei wards made the toicman ot 




George H. Grant. 



the machine shop ot the llarris I'rivilege mill 
in Woonsocket. now the l.awton Spinning 
Com[)any [ilant. .After remaining there 
lor a number of years he entered the employ of 
the (iroton Mfg. Co. in what was commonly 
called Law's Mills, in 1872, as master mechanic 
the first year, and the second year he was ap 
|iointed the su[)erintendent, a position which he 
has held to the ]jresent lime. Mr. (irant was 
honored b\- the citizens of Woonsocket, who 
elected him the first IVhiyor of the city. He 
was a member ot the first Town Council which 
was formed in iSh^ lie was a member four 

years, and |)resident ot 
the Council one year, 
and was Chief of the 
tire tlepartment. Since 
that time Mr. Grant 
has [laid strict atten- 
tion to business, and 
has not accepted any 
other [niblic positions. 
.Mr. (irant was ensign 
of (.'<>. K, 1st Rhode 
Island Infantry, and 
was later promoted to 
captain of Co. L), 5th 
R. I Heavy Artillery. 
The b'.agle Mills are 
^u]i|)lied by power 
tiom the Hlackstone 
trench to the extent 
ol Jo )horse ])ower 
through two turbines, 
and by a llarrisCor- 
liss engine of 380) horse 
power. C[ion the op- 
|)osite page we jirint a 
cut ot the mills made from an old print, which 
was taken before the Ha[nist church was moved 
from Main street. And another troni a photo- 
graph t.iken I )ecember 5, njoi, which shows 
eNtensi\e additions that give nearl) double the 
tloor space for manufacturing pur])oses over the 
okl mill. 

There is the >ame interest centeied in this 
old origin, d structure that we find in connection 
with all of the old mills ot this section, which 
include the Jenks\ille ami Hamlet mills, those 
near Woonsocket I'"alls, and others that have 
been built in ditferent ])arts of the city 
and State. 



AM) lUSIXKSS MI;N' ()!• RlloDl-; ISLAND 



283 




Eagle Mills, Woonsocket, R. I. 1901. 




Eagle Mills, Woonsocket, R. I 1875. 



JS4 lll()(iR.\mi( \1, 111ST()K\- ol- 'llll'; M.Wri'ACTrKMKS 

Woonsocket Machine and Press Co. — Maiui- friction which was necessarily caused heretotoio 
tacturcis ot cutton niaciiinery, power transmit- by the conipound sleeve revolvin;;' in an oppo- 
tirii; ni.ichiiiery and niiscellaneous iron work, site direction ti-oni the main shaft, 'i'hese im 
lUisiness cslablislied as the \\ Ooiisockct h'oun piovements, which were so \alual)le, were 
dry about 1S3S on South Mam street, W'oon eclipsed in 1 S1J4 by the invetition and introduc- 
socket, K. I. Later the n.inie ol the conip.iny tion ol the\ertical shaft, doinj^' away with the 
was chanj;ed to the Woonsocket MachmeC'o., horse head entirely, and obtaining a positive 
,ind m 18.S4 the business w.is incmporated dri\e l.)etween the main and bobbin shafts, 
under the name ol the WOonsocket Machine through an ,ingle shaft, \ertical shaft and slid- 
.md Press (o., with a caiiitali/ation of S200,ooo, inj^ j;ear. thereby giving an even tension to the 
the |)lant being removed to its jiresent location ro\iiig at all points of the trax'erse, an inipossi 
on .Second avenue, I'"airmount district, W'oon- ble result with the use of the horse heail or train 
socket, in iSjij, The works consist of a foun of gears following the rail up and clown. This 
dry, machine sho|), blacksmith shop, jxittern vertical shaft has pro\en the invention that has 
house, shaltiug dep.irtment, drv shed, sand sheil, made this lly frame the acme of perfection, .md 
store house, boiler house, etc., the main build- which has i)laced them in the mills throughout 
mg being 475 teet long by 5J feet wide, and the country, doing a class of work that is abso 
the \arious wings making full as much more lutely [lerfect. In 1895 l)aly's differenti.d 
lloor space as the main structure. 1-anploy 650 motion and their patent contact gearing were 
operatives. ( ine ot the largest machinery added, and the ne.xt year the steel clearer cov 
manutacturing i)lants in the I'nited .States- ers and steeN'astings were put on, and in 1 S97 
(Mlicers: iulward II. Kathbun, President; the steel draft gear bonnet and safety cone 
William .S. llo|)kins. 'I'reasurer ; .Stanley G. catch were introduced, and in 1.S98 their patent 
.Smith, .Sec ret a r)' : Malcolm ( 'am].ibell, (General self-oiling sjiindle step and Campbell's ball- 
Manager, bearing top rolls. These in\'entions make the 

I he business began in a small wa)', but the most complete up-to-date Hy frame manufac- 

ipialityol its productions built up a good trade- tured in New laigland. 

and gradually the ]jlant has been increased The great advantage derived from the \erti- 

until it reached its |)resent dimensions. One of cal and angle shaft that this company has 

the ])rinci]ial events that biought about a boom brought out, is the fact that it tloes aw.i\- with 

lor the concern was the purchasing of the City all gain or loss heretofore experienced in other 

Machine Co. of Providence, in 1888, all of the machines, because the motion of the gear.s is al- 

pattei IIS, .s])ccial m.ichineiy, jigs, etc.. used in ways continuous in one direction, regardless of 

the manutacture ol the lly Iranie that bears the direction taken by the rail, thereby causing 

that conipan)'s name, all ol which were re- a perfectly even tension on the roving, 

moved to the Woonsocket Machine and Press Daly's differenti.d gearing overcomes the 

( o. s works. I'oi' twenty years before this time great .imount of friction and breakage caused 

the ( ity Machine lly p'rame had been in use b\ the several bevel gears of the old style differ- 

thiough(Jiit the country, receiving the best of ential, moving ,it double the speed of the lack- 

indorsements Irom the manulacturers using shatt. The I), ily gearing entirely overcomes all 

them, and since this comi)any became the own- [irevious diHicnlties, producing a bobbin of yarn 

CIS they h.ave made m.my impro\-ements that which ciunot be surpassed by an\- other ma- 

])laces it in the front rank ot cotton nnu:hinery, chine. ihis iiivenlioii provides s])ur-gears run- 

'.astly su])erior to the machine as originally ning in the same direction, and at half the speed 

built. The impro\'ciuents that h.ive made this ol the old stvle m.ichine. 

il)- Ir.ime so iiojuilar was tirst the introducti(ui 1 he p.itented improvement used f<M- regulat 

ol the single ge.ar horse head in 1891. which ing the tension on ro\ing li.imes enables the 

o\-ercanie the b.ack Lash which had been the opeiatcu to make the ch.mge from the front of 

diHicult thing to overcome in other ni.ichines, the frame by simply unlocking the controlling 

as well as high speed gearing. In con wheel and turning the handle to the right (U' 

nection with this iinention was a device by left, as the cise inav re<|uire, which will make 

which they did awav with a great amount of the chanue on coarse frames of one eitjhtieth, 



2Si, Hi()(;K.\riiit Ai. iiisiom- oi' iiii, .m.wl'iac riKi;ks 

aiul on J'mc lack fninics a i.lian^c ot (jiK--iiincl)- c\cnly thruuj^huut. Scams in the cloth where 

tilth, tluis cnablini; him to control the cotton to the jiieces are sewed together do not prex-ent 

a tineness never before ac(|nired hy any other this patent bed from pressing the cloth cx'enly 

arrangement. This arrangement always allows up to these seams, as an automatic arraiige- 

the cone l.ielt to return to its |)roper starting ment allows the four thicknesses of cloth to 

point, so that the tension will be [Moper when pass through, and then the pressure immediately 

starting on the empty bobbin. l'".\-ery manu comes in contact with the even cloth close up 

tactiirer recognizes the great ailvantage of this to the seams, 1 he pressure cm be regulated 

invention in [producing even weight goods. in this machine to suit all recpiirements, from 

'I'he sell oiling spindle step ])atented liy this .pocjo to lu.ooo pounds by sim]il\- turning the 

company for the City Machine h'ly l-'rame re- hand-wheel that connects with the [iressure 

ipiires oiling but twice a year. It is constructed lams. The steam enters one end of the bed 

by drilling holes through the partitions between and the condense goes out of the other end, 

the reservoir and bearing, 'liie oil enters the giving a jierfect circulation, and the system ol 

bottom of the bearing and is siphoned back into l)il)ing heats the betis and cylinders evenly, giv- 

the reservoir through the top, thereby provid- ing a uniform heat to the cloth, which causes it 

mg for no loss of oil e.xcejit by wearing and to |>ress evenly. At the end of the machine is 

evaporation, which is very slight. the folding device, wherelsy the cloth is folded 

The I. eon W. Campbell ball bearing top roll evenly and without a wrinkle as it comes trom 

now used on this tly frame is superior to the press. 

other rolls because it requires but one-half the The Fisher Card Feed is another important 

weight ordinarily used, .ind runs absolutely machine made by this company, which is being 

steady. The reason for using less weight is be- used generally throughout the count rv. Any 

cause there is no friction to overcome, the roll kind of stock can be fed, either long, short, 

starting the instant the steel roll revolves. coarse or hue. It is made with few parts, and 

These are adapteti to railway heads, drawing therefore sim]3le in construction, .iml \crv diir 

Irames, s[)eeders, spinning frames and combers, able. When the reser\'oir is full it runs at a 

We have described at considerable length the slow speeil, and when nearly empty will run 

jKitented imjjrovements of the City Machine fast: arrangetl automatically. Testimonials from 

Fly I'"rame because it is so important a machine, the most prominent te.vtile companies of the 

used extensively among the te.Ntile manufai- country ileclare this feed to be perfect in every 

turers of the country, in producing goods of the respect. 

tinest texture. These improvements e.xpl.iin The improved cloth trimmer, made b\- this 

\ery clearly how well the work is done. compaii)', is another imjiortant iiKichine, for use 

'I'he C()m[)any also make W. II. I->skin s in cotton mills for inspecting and lirushing 

|iatented cone stop motion lor tl)' frames, which o| cloth, leaving the goods in excellent condi- 

is a s.iletv sto]) mechanism to prevent the ends tion on rolls ready to be shipjied. Thev are 

breaking down in front il the cone belt should made in \arious witlths as mills ma\' reipiire. 

break, and it is very success! ul in its operation, .tnd arranged so that cloth can be rolled up or 

and is lull as im])ortant as their salety stop unrolled. .\ l>ad ])lace in the miildle of the cut 

motion which [irevents the bre.ik down of the can be unwouiul by simpl)- iiKiving a hand 

machine by stopping the frame before such a le\er. These machines arc all built with iron 

result is brought about by some unnatural panels, and the brush bearings are .iiranged so 

cause. that fire ciniuit originate bv the winding in of 

The ne.xt m.ichine in import, incc to then tlv loose thrcids lietween the be.uing and shoulder 

Irame is probably their patent ste.im rotar\' of brush. 

cloth press, which, l>y then ncwl)' ])atented bed The McMichael Kxise reed motion maile b_\ 

in iiSy.v provides lor loin points ot cmitacts.is this company ])re\'cnts "shuttle smashes ' and is 

t he I loth passes through the pi ess. Two points consequently an important attachment. It is 

on the lower .111(1 two pniuts on the upper bed, impossible to dent the reeds, and the)" are 

and the concave and coinex surfaces run the locked and unlocked .lutomaticalh' h\ this 



ntire leuLTth of the beds so that the roll bears attachment. 



AND BUSINESS MKN Ol' RIloDl': ISLAM). 



2S7 



A very important adjunct to the textile ma 
chinery manufacturing business of the Woon- 
socket Machine and Press Co., is their depart- 
ment for the making- of power transmitting ma- 
chinery and miscellaneous iron work, which in 
elude shaftings, hangers, clutches, Hange face 
couplings, the "Woonsocket" Patent Compres- 
sion Coupling, horn clutch couplings, safety 
horn clutches, the latest improved friction cut 
off couplings, spread and swivel hangers, yoke 
and J hangers, post hangers, balance wheels, 
coupling and pulley forcing machine for shaft- 
ing 4 inches diameter and under, improved belt 



Power for the works is supplied by two 
Allen boilers of 125-horse power each, one 
liarris-Corliss engine of 175-horse power, 
and one Ames engine, and the company have 
their own dynamos for lighting purposes. The 
machinery e(|ui]iment of the |)lant is modern in 
every res])ect. 

lulward Harris kathlnin. President of the 
com])any, is a native of Woonsocket, son of P.\- 
l.ieut.-tiovernor Kathbun, and grandson of the 
late I^dward Harris, the manufacturer who first 
brought American woolen goods up to the 
standard of foreign productions. He became 




Patent Rotary Cloth Press. Woonsocket Machine & Press Co. 



tighteners, turntables, covered clamp coup- 
lings, angle belt drives, etc. A list probably 
greater in the line of power transmitting appli- 
ances than are made by any other concern in 
this section of the country. 

Their miscellaneous castings for mill con- 
struction include fancy and plain posts of any 
length, post caps, pintles, post bases, ventilators^ 
brackets for balconies, saddles for truss roofs. 
double truss rod braces, beam end brackets, 
corrugated thin iron stair treads and floor plates, 
belt scuppers, hinges and catches, brick wall 
guards, cast iron tubs, door frames, babbitt 
ladles, hitching posts, cast iron grate bars, 
sewer covers, etc. 



the President of the corporation upon the ileath 
of Chester P. Smith in 1899. Mr. Rathbun is 
prominent in banking circles, and is promi- 
nently connected with a number of manufactur- 
ing concerns in and outside of the State. 

William S. Hopkins, the Treasurer of the 
company is a native of the city of Providence. 
He came to Woonsocket in 1879, ami was em- 
])loyed by the Woonsocket Machine Co. as 
bookkeeper. He was electeil Treasurer of the 
company upon its incorporation in 18.S5, and 
has held that position to the [present time. Mr. 
Hopkins has been a member of the Hoard of Al- 
dermen of Woonsocket, and has been recognized 
in other ways as one of the public men of the city. 



_'S>S 



HI< x.RArilKAl^ IllSlom- ()|- I 111-, M.Wri'ACTrRl'RS 



Slanlcv ( 1, Smith, the Secretary ol the com en ioyeil an e.\tensi\e experience in the machin- 

pany, is a native nl W'non.sdcket. and is the ery business before coming to Woonsocket, in 

grandson ot the late lion. Latimer W. J^allou, the works ol the Athcrton Machine Co. of Low- 

who was one ot the most highly respected citi- ell. !\Liss.. the I )ean Steam I'um]) Co. of llol- 

/ens of the State ol Rhode Islaiul. Col. Smith \dke, ALiss., the Maine Belting Co, of I'hiladel- 




City Machine Slubbinj; Fly Frame, Woonsocket Machine & Press Co., Woonsocket, R, I 



has held the position ot Secretary tor a number 
ol years. lie is jirominent in banking circles, 
and is a director in a numl)er of large manufac- 
turing concerns, 

Malcolm Campbell, the (ieneial ,Manager of 
the com])an\, is a natixe of i'.ilnier, NLiss. He 



phia, I'.i , the Hampden (Otlon .Mills of ilol- 
yoke, Mass,, the I'.dmer Cotton Milks, Three 
Risers, town of i'almer, Mass, In 1890 he was 
employed as the Ahinager of the business of the 
Woonsocket Machine and i'ress Co,, which po- 
sition he has held to the iiresent time. 



AM) l^USINESS MKN OK RIloDI-; ISLAND. 



289 



THE FIRST TEXTILE MILLS OF 
RHODE ISLAND. 

\'ery niucli lia> Ijccn wrillrn 111 tlio <lail\ 
press, and suiiu- records liasc hci'ii made in 
liooks fmni linu- \i> lime, relalinjL; to the early 
eolton and wcmlen factories of the ."^tale of 
Rhode Island. .Some of these statements ha\e 
jiroven to i)c accurate, but many of them have 
coinc from mere hearsay, and proven to he 
enlirelx inaccurate. 

hor convenience and tjeneral reference, we 
ha\ e pre|)ared a list of the early textile milK 



toll .Mill, and on the site of the Kent Manu- 
facinriiii; (o.. the present mill beinij a modern 
one, tile old mill heini;' taken down. 

In 17<)S tile foundation was laid for the 
second Slater .Mill, which was hnilt upon the 
east side of the I'dackstone River, nearh' op- 
po-iir the (irsl Slater .Mill in I'awlucket. This 
mill was not completed until i.Soi. and was 
hnilt liy Siimnel Slater & Co, Destroyed by 
tire --.onie time ])rior to 1824. 

In iXoi Rowland Hazard built a woolen 
factory in I'eace Dale, but the orifjjinal building 
is not staiidins,;', the present extensive works 
h.iviny been beyiiii at a lati'r ])eriod. 

In 1807 the '■( h'cen .Mill" was built on the 




Slater Mill, Pawtucket. The First Cotton Mill Built in America— 1793. 



of Rhode Island, which we beliexe is ipiile 
accurate, the information Ijcinj:;- in most cases 
!;lcaned from early records or from parties li\ - 
inq- who are thorou<;hly aciptainted with the 
history of the mill about which they have ijixen 
information. The list is as follows: 

There is no ipiestion about Samuel Slater's 
cotton s|iinnint;- mill beint:;' the first textile fac- 
tory erected in the State, wdiich was in 1793, 
and wdtich is still standiiii;-, in the city of Paw- 
tucket, on the west side of the Rlackstone 
Ri\er, at the np])er <lam at I'awtucket h'alls. 

In 1794 the Warwick Spinnins;' Mill was 
built in what is now Centre\ille. on the west 
side of the ri\ er. (.ipposite the Centre\ille Cut- 
(19) 



l)resent site of the t'enlrexille Cotton Mill, in 
( entreville, and it is still standins,;' in ihe mill 
\,iril at the rear of the new factory, and de- 
\iited to the storage ^)i cotton, etc. It is a 
wooden mill, built after the style of the wooden 
factories that were in itse throughout New 
h'.ngland during the first half of the nineteenth 
century. it is still in a good statv' of preser\a- 
tion. The claim is made that this was the 
stH-ond mill in this countr\' to begin s])iiining 
yarn to be \\ci\en on the premises. 

Till' same year, 1S07. the "Stone h'actory." 
also locally known as the ".Stone jug," was 
built in t'rompton. a mile distant from ihe 
"tjreeu Mill" in t'enirexille, and was the first 



2(/) ni( K.KAI'IIKAI. liISTC)k\' ()!•■ I'lll'; MANUI''ACTUki;RS 

^liiiic null ivrrircl ill ilu- Mali-. ll i^ -\\\\ ami luiwcni I Sj^ ami 1X40 a lar^;i uiiuiliii- nf 
-taiiilinu; a^ a pari iil llu- inainuailnriiiL; plain lailinu-^ wm- rrniid in W < w mi--i ukrl , I'aw- 
i'i llu- ( r<MiiplMii t Diupain. Imkot. r.n^tiil, W c-^urK , llnrnlh illc. War- 
In 1 S( ij llir .>riL;inal Xalick Mill \\a^ limit w ick. ami ni lu r ^rcl ii )ii>. 
al Xatuk. l\, 1. Willie iluiT wen- iimlnulitrilK a iiuiiilur nf 
III iSoj llu- SlaUT^xilIc Mill \\a^ ei iinpK-l r.l ..tlirr iiiill^ Imili akmu; alHuil llu- lirsi nf the 
at ^lati r-\ illr. K' 1 iiiiirtmit li ieiiliir\, lln' li-i tliat we lia\c 
In lS(i- tlic- null at \iitlii>ii\. Is. L. \\a~ eiiiii- pfinlnl lufew itli rriire^riit ^ I lie iiiiHT iiU]iol"l- 
pK'trcl. Tin- claim 1^ mailr that llii> mill \\a~ aiit ntu-.. 

'^'Ilj^'" •'^^^■•''■'''■'^^''^■■''■'•^''■''"' '•^"7'>i1h-1""1'- Woonsocket Worsted Mills.-MamifaotufcTs 

''While 11.. 1 l.iiill wn.^niallv I. ir lexlile pur- "' "'"-'^'l ^ •"•'is. r.iiMiie.. e>lahlishe.l by 

jiM-e-.. the Simlhtield Mamil'aetiiiMi.i; to. were ImIwiii lariiell. W . U (.n.lm-lx ami ImIwiii 

-]>iiiiiiiiL; .-,,11, ,11 \arii- 111 the ..1,1 '•'( 'li. le. ilal e W ilenx in 1SS7, Mill l.wate.l in W omiim u-kel . 

|-aetMr\" in ( eiilVal halN in iSoS, wliieli was \< ■ I William U . ( Mr.liii- 1 \ . I'rea-Mirer ; h'.dwiii 

alterwaiaN .lesir.ive.l li\ lire. Tins iaet..rv I'.iniell, Xi^eiit. Mr. larnell is a nativi- ..l' 

was kiealed iiear'lhe .lam l.iiilt hy (harle's I '.i adiMn 1 , h.n- laii.l. near which jilaee he was a 

keem 111 I ~S(i, niaiuilael iirer 'il \\i>rstei| l;(iih1s. ||r canu- \n 

III \S,,<, 'ihe mill al \rk\\ri-lit. U. I., was .\merica 111 1 SNn, ami was empl<i\eil li\ the 

1,1, ill I .aii'leiiliiirL; Wm'sted .\1 ills, df ( hest er. l'a.,as 

in |S(«, the mill at Keiu's Mills, ,,11 the Ten .^iiperint emleiit nl' their w^rks. Me was later 

.Mile Uner. I'awtm-ket. was erecle<l. empl..\e.l 111 1 he same cai)acil \ in lite f. .11. iwiiit;- 

In iSi.i the ( )/iel Wilkiiis.,,! stnne fact..r\ mills; The \..iiaiititm \\..rstei| .MilK; the 

was l.mlt iiisi s.uith ..t' the ..ri-iiial Slater .Miil I 'r...\ i.leii.'e W..rste.l Mills, ,,|' I 'r. .\ i.lence ; the 

..lithe l:lackst..ne K'nerin I'awtncket, W asliin- 1. .11 .MtlU. ..|' Lawrence, .Mass. hn.in 

In l.^K. th. k..,L;.r Williams .Mill was hmll this place he w eiit t. . \\. .. .iis. ..-kel ami at. led in 

111 l'heiii\. k. 1. eslal.lishiiiL; ih.- W . .. .iis. .cket Wi.rsled .Mills 

111 i.'^^Ki the tifsi mill ..I the S.icial .Manul'ac- ni 1.SX7, which has carried <m a successful Inisi- 

liirin.L; ( ... w ,is I.111I1 m W . .. nis. .ckel, ..n the site nes^ e\er since. 

..I' the present <..,ial Mill. Palls Yarn Co.— .M aiitita. -Hirers ..l" w.xileii 

111 l.Si,. It is .laime.l there was a textile mill .|,|,| ,,,,.,-i,|,, v arii~. I'.iisiness est al .lislted hv 

erected ..11 tin- present s,t,. ..i th. Lin. -..In Mills 1 lu'. .pliilus ('.luriii and |..seph ('a\ed..n til 

..l' I'asc.. a.-, 11.. w carrie.l .111 iiii.hr the name ..!' |-el.rnar\. 1 . ii 1. .. W . .rks ' I. .cate.l in the ..Id 

lluM-"re,l L. Sax les • ..., l.iit W(Mia\e 11.. p..s,ti\e p,,..,;,! \i,ii f, .nnerl \ ..wned l.v tin- \mericail 

e\ideme that this was the lad. \\..rs|e.l I ... ..l" \\.'.. .lis. , ckel, near the \\....n- 

In iSij ill,- mill at hiskex die. k. I., was .,nkel lalU. k iiipl. .y 30 haii.ls. Steam p. iw 1 r. 

'■'''■'■''■'' .Mr. I .iierm is Ireasurer ami 1 .eneral .\laiiai;,r. 

In l.Xij a w,...l,ii mill was hmli ,„ I'n.vi- ;||,,| \| ,-. ( a\ e,l. ,11 is Snperinteti.leiU. 
deuce, whuh is 11. iw sai.l t.. he a part ..f tin 
.\llen I'rint \\..rks at tin .\..rlli hhi.l . .f tin 
cit_\ . Ihe 1. .iimlal I, .11 . .f this mill was pr, .l.al.l\ 
laicl 111 1 .X 1 J .11 111 tinislu.l 111 i.'^i,^ 



American Paper Tube Co. — M aiiiil;utnrers 

..f ].aper liil.es t'. .r spm.lles. I'.ilsim-ss c-stab- 
lisheil in i.X,),|. ami inc .rp, .rate,l in t.|(«). 

1' ,. ,,T "I'l.... ,. ,1 ■■i'^, I 1, ( aiiitali/eil l,.r St^, I'.mpl.iv _'t lian.ls. 

In 1,^1 ^ th,' . .hi l.nttittU lacl, .r\ was l.mlt ■'< " .^' . , r -. ■. ,..,, 

1 . , r I I s .1 1 ' 1 . 1 ■ 11 W , .rks , .c.ite. Ill I he I iiierin >>].inminj ( , .. .\l ill 

l.\ S eiiheii . ^iiii I ill Lime ki.ck \a e\, ,.11 ,, , .. ' , ,'^. 



.Mi.shassiick ki\er. 111 what is ii,iw tin- P.wii ,.t 



W ,..ins.,ck,t. I M'lic.rs ; (»,-ta\e l'..tliier. I'resi- 
.leiit ; rhe.iplnbis 1 ,iierin, Ireasurer ami Secre- 
l:ir\ ; l'..ltiiiiml iiiniin, .Manager. 



I ,im', .111. 

Ill i<'~ii,^ a st..m c..tti.n l,i<t..r\ was buill in 

< ie()r,i;ia\ die. k. I ., and known as the ( ienrt^ia- F. W. Folsom & Co. — ,\l ami fact urers .if sails, 

villi- ('nil.. II .\1 aniil.ictnrin.!^- C <i. .Mill. uiiis. a\\imii..;s, c.i\ers, eU\ I'.iisiuess , .ritjinally 

In l.'^p:; l...\. I'htlip \ll,ii l.iiilt a c. .11. .11 mill est,il.lislie,l li\ |ills,.ii \- h.ils..iii 111 i,SS4. Lpi.il 

ill wlial is iinw l-'ulield. k. I., llieii kn..wn ,is .Mr. Jills,.ii's .leath Mr. I".ils,.ni .issume.l ihe s. .le 

\llen\ille. This mill linalL became a part ..f m.in:iL;eiiieiil ..f ihe biisiness umler ihe present 

llu Smithfiehl .M aniilail iiriiiL;- ( ... pr..perl\ m lirni name. \\,.rks |..c.aU'il al _' I 'laiu-l sir,-el. 

iXdy. c..riier nf S..nlh \\ .iter sireel. I 'r. .\ i.lence. .Mr. 

In i.'~;ii the I'awiatn.k .Mannfa.t iirim^ ('... i.ils,.m is a iiati\e ..f \\isi-,-|ssel. Me., where ho 

built ;i si,,iu. iiiill Ml Weslerh. R. I., f. .r ihe w,ish.,rii \|.iil ti., |S4,'<. llecnuel.i I 'r. .\ nleiice 

])uri...se .if tnannf.ictiiniiL; w....leii u; L. ami 111 1.X71. after lia\iii;^ Karii,',l ihe business ,.1 a 

!ali-r ,-. .11, .11 fabrics. ^ail in.ikir in his iiatix.- n.wii. .111. 1 .liter wi.rkiiii,;' 

lr..ni i.Si 1 the biiihliuL; ..f mills in \ari,ius f. .r a .|../en \e.irs f. .r (,e..rL;<- S. 1)..\\ ..I I'rovi- 

seitii.us ,,f ihe Slat,' was .-arrie.l ..n. lli.iin.;h .leiic.'. h, b..UL;lil a half inleresi m th,' business 

mil \ery rapi.ll\ iinlil t.Xjd ami I.Sjj, when that li.-i,l bieii establishe.l l.\ Mberl Jills, ,n, lie 

there was .-i -i.al .hiiiaml f. .r water pri\ ileiL;es, is ..iie ..f ihe m. .st expert s.-nl makers ,.| ihe Stale. 



AND BUSIM;SS MKN of KIIUDI-: ISLAND. 



291 



and ho has nianv schooners, yachts and fishinpf 
boats to kce]) well (h-csscd with sails in Provi- 
dence, Xew|)orI. ilrislol. lUcick Island and ntlicr 
places. 

Hart Textile Co. — Maniifactiirer-- mi" cordn- 
rovs, ])lushcs. \el\eteens. ;ind piK- lalirics. 
Business established January 13. Mjoi. and 
incorporated at the same time. C'a]iitalizeil 
for .$20f).cx)0. Works located at the east end 
of W'oonsockel b'alls, Woonsockel, T\. 1. b"m 



Pawtuckct. Tv. T., whose plant was destroyed 
b\ fire in l'"ebrnar\ , njoo. The business of this 
c-oncern biins^' closed np. .Mr. Ilarl then or- 
!..;anize(l the I lart Mannfactnrins; C o. of W'oon- 
sockel. wdiicJi is doint;' a much larger business 
than was carried on by the ( harlton .Manufac- 
lurinL;- ('<>. lie acipiired a conii)lete knowledfre 
111' the lexlile business belore cominij to the 
I'niieil States. The accom])anyint;' cut shows 
one of ihe old-time mills of the city, which has 




Hart Textile Co. Factory, Woonsocket Falls. Woonsocket, R. I. 



ploy Joo hand.-. I'ower for the mill i- supplied 
fr<m) the lUackstone Ri\er to the amount of 
300 horse power throutjh two turbines, and a 
_'75 horse power I larris-t'orliss enn'ine. The 
company do tlu'ir own electric lightius;'. Offi- 
cers: John J. Ilarl. I'resident and (ieneral 
.Manager: Xorris S. Wilson. Treasurer: 
I'harles -\. I'ustin, Secri.'tary and Assistant 
Treasurer. |iihn J. Ilarl. the (ieneral .Man- 
asjer of the business, is a native of Ashton- 
L'nder-Lyne. Lancashire. luiijland. IK- came 
to .\merica in 1SS7 to take charge of tlie Mer- 
rimac I'rint Works, of Lowell. .Mass.. where 
he remained for ele\en year-. lie then or- 
tjanized the Charlton Manufacturins;- Co., of 



been op^.■rat^■d by a nundier i>i manufacturers 
very ,succes>fully. 

riiis mill of tlu- llan Textile Co. was built 
l)y ( ien. ('. Ilallou in 1X4(1. and has been known 
as the Tiallou .Mill e\er since. It was run as 
a cotton mill by .Mr. llallou and a cor])oration 
bearino- his name, until iSSd. when the |)rop- 
ert\' was sold to |. 1'. iV I-'. K. l\a\ under a 
foreclosure. The Rays imj)ro\ed the |)ro|)erty 
by takiniL^- out the old breast wheel and puttin.tr 
in its jdace tw<i uprisj^ht turbines, addinsjf new 
machinery and in olluT ways addint;' to its 
efticiiiicy in the uianufaclure of cotton sjoixls. 

L. F. Pease & Co. — .Manufacturers of tents, 
awnintjs. sails, etc. business established by L. F. 
Lease. ( )ne of the oldest sail makers of the 
State. Works locate<l ;il 7 Crawford streei, i'rovi- 
<lence. 



.'02 



HI()(;KAI'III( Al. IIISIORV ()| 



II'. M \\i'i-A( I rki-.ks 



THE OLD "BUTTERFLY" FACTORY. \n. iX\J. I'lu' m>cripli.in i.ii ilu lull i- tlii^: 

l-.xcci,l.nu llu' tn-t Slalrr Mill at I'autnckct. ''^''''''[: ^'i;-', AniMol.Klanu-. An,,,,, i jm.v Mo. 

.,,,,,,,,,. Irril. . \\l,,tli >,i;Mi,t,cs that ,t \\a~ i,,ailc in 

many ,nan„la.M „,t,-. .„ kl„„K- Man,! I.rhcxr \„, .,,.,,,.„„ ;„ ,_„,, -j-,,,. |-„jt^.,, s,.„^., f,,,^.. 

ihat ihc "l'.i,,lfi-t1y lac-t..,y \\a^ aliout \hr ri-,i,in-nl -. il.l 1 1,,. hrll aln,ii; witl, a Inl , ,f ,,tlu•I• 
l^•^t I'dtliM, ,iiill dI' tlic Statr, w liiK- ci,,r 1 1,- ,,,i ii\- raptniTil ,,a\al >Iiii'l>, and Wv. Sinitli srciiri-d 
iif our histiii-ia,i> l>i-lii\c tliai ii i^ ,,(it entitled titis ])rizf that jicalcd fortli the hoiti-- ni lahi),' 
111 ho coltnted attimiL; the \ cm-\ old I'actoi-ics. and i-cst to 1 he opfi'atiN-es of the mill, w Im lived 
Alanv articles that luuehee,, |nii,ied i,, Rhode i,, the Li,i,e Rock \ alle\ . foi' t,|i\\a,'ds of a 
lsla,i(l hooks l,a\e lailed to tell the tiite >tor\ eentiirv. The hell possessed a \er\ eleaf t<jiu-. 
of the mill, not e\ en u;i\inL; the dale of its and t he resident ^ of t lie \'ii-imt \\vho had heard 
erek'tiein. We lake nmeli pleasure, therefore. il-~ notes for \ ear^, felt a^ if an old friemi had 
in L;i\in^' it~ eorreel lii-lor\ , together with .i dep.irted w lun ihe hell \va~- taken down. It i^ 
i^o, 1(1 ent ol the mill and a em ol the ^tone now -.aid to ] u- in 1 lie pov^c^^ion of s( ,iik- Rlxjde 




The Old "Biitterlly Factory," Town of Lincoln, R, I., Built in 1813. 
The Butterlly is Between Twu Uppei Side Windows, Next to Cliimney.l 

resideliL^e \\diere the hnililer oi the- null li\ed. Kkiiid eili,/en \ reeeiit lawsuit w ris hroiti^ht 

rile old " I'.ntteill \ " k;ietor\. wliuh is the In .1 loriiier owner lii ree'jxer ihe hell, the 

mo>i famous mill in Rhode Islaml, w ;is hiiilt elami hem^ m.ide th.il it \\ a^ not inelndeil 

<)ii the Mosh;i-'--nek Ri\(.-r, at the eiilraiue of with llie remainder ol tlu- mill pro|)eri\ when 

ihe Lime Rook \;dh\. ;il)oiil three iniK-.. Irom ili.it w a^ sold. 

the eit\ ol I ';iw 1 neket . in I lie town 1 il Lineoln. Ilii-- olil hell ,l;,'i\ e the mill .a wide lepnt.at 1011. 

in 1S13. when the iSij war w a-- .it il~ lieiLjIit, km lli.it whieh ;;a\e 11 il^ name, .and whieli 

.\lr. .'~'tc])Iun 11, Smith wa^ lln' hiiihler. .and lo .aided in m.akint; il ihe lust known l,ulor\ in 

eonimemorale the strife lielweeii the I'liitid llie Sl.ate. was a freak <if nature that stain])ed 

States and Imi,l;I,iiic1. when ihe laeloiw \\,is upon the l;ue o| iw.i >|(ine-- llie wiiiL;> ol a 

creeled, he enio\ed the pri\ iKa;e ri| pkaeiiiL; in hiilterlK. ami the m.i^(in id.ieiiiL; them side li\ 

the lillle mill lullrx the lull ih.il w.a^ taken side. prohahU h\ ehanee. .a-- --how n in the 

from the l'.nL;li-li -.hip "I iiurriere ' .after the aeeomp.aiu ihl; enl , hel ween the I w o upper win - 

;-;ood ship "( on-titnlioir' h.id made her strike dow - ne\l to llie l.irL;i- elnmnex . u;i\e-. the .ap- 

lier eeilen's in the na\.al eiiu;a.u;ement of .Xvii^iivt pe.arame of a hiitterlly on the wIiil;. Ilenee its 



AND BUSINESS MKN OF KIIODI', ISLAND. 



293 



name, which imist have been adopted soon 
after the mill walls were built. Mr. Smith 
built the stone mansion across the highway 
from the mill in 1S14, which was considered 
one of the most elegant residences of the -State 
at that time. The accompanyinti; cut discloses 
a kind of architecture peculiarly its own. some- 
what different from the ordinary Colonial style 
then in use. This represents the stone house 
as it appeared the iSlh day of Xovember. i<;oi, 
when the photograph was taken, the ])icturc 
of the mill being taken the same ilay as ^hown 
in the cut. The wnuik-n addition of the mill. 



before the ^toiu- mansion was built, and as 
there's a date in the house that tells when that 
was put up, you can go and look and figure 
for yourself." 

We wi-nt up into the garret, and sure enough 
there were the figures cut into the plastering 
very near the peak of the west gable, which 
were "1S14." That settled the (|uestion of the 
building of the factory in 1813, which we had 
arrived at <|uiti' clearly through other sources 
of information. Mr, i'hetteplace continued: 

"(ilad you'll' satisfied. Did you know this 
prop<.rt\ was all built u]) from money that Mr. 




The Old "Stone House," Built in 1814, Nearly Opposite the "Butterfly Factory," by Stephen H. Smith. 

I As it Appeared in December, 1901. 



as seen in the rear, together with the brick 
chimney, are of comparatively recent date. 

The great variety of business carried on in 
this old factory is better describeil by .\lr. 
Benjamin I'hetteplace. a life long resident of 
the place, who drove U]) with a load of wood 
just as we were about to take a i)icture of the 
mill, .\fter bidding him good iiiorning we 
asked him a few (|uestions about lii> knowledge 
of the old mill and its Iniililer, which broM<.^lu 
out the following : 

"Yes, sir. I know all .•ii>oiit it. Knew .Mr. 
Smith for a great many years. 

"How do I know he built it? r.ec.nisi- Ik- 
told me so. .Said he ]>iit up that mill .1 \ear 



.Smith drew in ,1 lottcr\ .' \\ ell, it was. He 
drew $40,000 and pill it all out here beautifying 
this ]dace. and \ oii can see I lie results of it 
now. He was about as liberal an old bachelor 
as yon could tind. 

"You want to know what kincl of work has 
been carried on in the old mill? W ell. I'll tell 
\(iii. .\liiio.st e\erytliiiig from the spinning of 
cotton \arn to the selling of New iMigland 
nun. 

"."sounds .1(1(1, 1 know, but it's a tact. You 
sii-. tile mill has lu-vcr paid ;iiiyb(i(ly who has 
ojierated it except in one or two instances, and 
so ihcre were spells when it was idle. In these 
idle times it was (Kwoted to other uses. One 



294 1!I( icJkAI'HlLAl. lllSlOm' C)l' TllK M AN U I'ACl'L' R1;RS 

iiKiti ii'-icl a |i,in 111 ii 111]- tlu- ^iiinniiiL^dl \ am iMiUriii;^ tin- I'nml \ ai'il of tlii^ wld "Sidiu- 

an.l ihr I'm -1 llnor wa-- <K>,mUi1 In a u;i'iicir\ llnii^r," \ i m air ini]irr>M,'(l willi an Ml(l-l'a>li- 

■^t'MT. hi ■111,- c-.inur \\a^ a lidLi^luad iil nini I'liinl In iiiu-liki- air llial miiiii<K \ mi iit InilK- 

aiul in tin- niln-r a li<ii:^lirail nf -niL;ar. \\ li\ . linik^ ami ii i^iinarv . ami tlu- (|nii.-t la -t t'nliu-~- 

in^l lip tlu ii'ail a lillK- \\a\ tlinr'-. a man miw 'it tlu' plarr niaki ~ \ i ui t\-cl likr lini^niiiL; a 

In 111;^ 'iliat n-nl 1. 1 lin \ In^ i imi licia- ti ir i \\ cut \ little- liinu;rr ~i i tliat \ i ui nia\ drink in tlu- 

ci-nt> a yalli 111 '1' wasn't llnnii^lu aiu tliini^ i if (|naiiuiu--^ i it' tlu- >mi-i mndin^s and i.-ii]ii\ tlu- 

in ;1m-i- da\ ». \ll i^i-i u-i.-r^ m ild nun. \ mi kiuiw, iK-antil'id --iTmfx iliat Mf, Sniitli innl tn iiii- 

'AN (-11. ^ir. it wasn't iiian\ \ car^ lntiirc it pn i\ c li\ planting liar^ in all dirrrtiimv riuind- 

\\a> ii>.t-d I'cir a --('luiol Jicm-M-. I '^cd tn l^c i tn almnt tlu- ]ilarc. i lu- c-~tatc i^ , uu- . it" tlu- imi^l 

^oliiio] tluTc in\--i'll'. ilianiiiiu^ rt-lii-> nl' liNi^mu- da\ -- that can in- 

"Sonif III' llu- I )c irril !-■- ii^cd it a^ an ar--i-iial lunnd in KIkhIi- Ul.ind. aiul it i^ ^till in a 141 x id 

dttriii^ till- liiirr War. and tluii «ild iiiii>kit^ --tau- 1 if prr^i r\ ,il u m 

[|.]-p' •'"■""" """ '''^- 1"""' "1' '''^''^' ■'" ''"■ Clear River Woolen Milk— M aiuilartiirrr- 

"••V.>. I Mippiis,- „ was fn-M intrmlol fur a ■" """''" - '^ ■^''" '"^■"^■'' '" I •'-■"■•'^- 1-^- !■• 

(utton _\arn mill, and 11 w a> n ml imu-d in tliat "" '''^' * '''•"' l<'\«'"- ' "1 llu- Mtc nt this null lln-iv 

Inu- until tlu- pi i\\ i r Iimhiis \\ na lni iiiL;lit lUit. w.is linalcd a tort.;!- as rarl\ as I7i).i which was 

and llun nittdii cliilli w ,is \\<i\rn lure. .\1\ iiwiud li\ I ).iiiiil Sa\ks. w lim- xaiiinis kinds <it 

imitlu-r iisi-il 111 run simu- liimiis lure. I'xr timls. rp-,. wi-rr niadr iiiiiil 1S44. wluii ( u-i irt;\' 

iifun lu-.ird lu-r talk ahmit it. W. Marsh k-asid tlu- prupcrtv fi if a trrm (if 

■A\ (11. aft(-r tr\iiii.; mu ihiiiu; and amitlur. Iwcntx \(,-ars and (-rcctcd a mill w lu-ia- at first 

alidiit the last wiirk that was dmu- lu-rc was kcntnckv u-aiis w i-p,- mailc Later lu- admitted 

tlu- iiiakiiiL; iif \ (-!\ elei-iis. akmi^ alMnit iSiju. his sun k.dw ard, and the\ hei.;an tli(- 111:11111 facttna 

and s.inu- t'ne . ir si\ \(-ars aun i-nttmi waddiiiL: "' I^i'K'.^ (nssinu-fes. In i Si 1 1 the mil!, which was 

was ln-im^ mannfactiin-d. and the\ sa\ this last hiiilt nl wnnd. twn sMru-s. was di-sti-i i\ (d h\ lirt-, 

luisin(-s-, was must pn itit.iMe nf all. Inn it was iienf^e \\ . .Marsh, the fnunder .if the hiisiness. 

lHiii'.4lit iiiit 111- s.inie kind (if a deal was made s,, 'h'll s.ime fiutr w-.-ii's lii-fure the desirtictii m "i 

that tlu null was ~pi|iped. and mithiiiL; has tlu null which after liis death w as hein.^' nperati-d 

liei-n ddiK- with it snuu-. e\C(-|it fi ir the sp iriipi^ ''.^ h.dw.ird M.irsli, In 1S115 James I). Inman 

(if mill nia(diiiu-i-\" piircli;is(-il tlu- |iriip(-rl\ and hiiilt a sp.m- mill and 

riiankm- .\1 r ' I 'h. t te]i|.u(- t'.ir liis inf.irma l'c.L;aii the iiiamifacture .if wd.ilen i.;.hi.1s ,,f a 

li.iii. sidl siitiiiL; .111 his l.iad ..f w.i. i.l he .Ir. we '''^'' .^''•i''''- I lis s. m.i »liu-\ T. In ma 11. lH-c;iine a 

(111. sa\ 111-. --If llier(-'s am t hup- nuire 1 can d.i partner w itli his father in iSSd. .-md then the t'lrm 

fur Mi'ii. let me kimw. I Int liefiire \ . ui -. . aw a\ "•'""■ '''■''•I'lH- I. 1 1, Inman .V .^mi, l']..iii lit.- 

>.iii'miis| he snr(- and take a walk'np .111 Pi the 'Icatli ..f .Mr, liimaii. seiii.ir. m Jiil\. I S. ,1 1. the 

iiill Pi the w(-st and sec •( iiiiiisnieket' |i.ind. I'l'sim-ss was inc. irj.. irat(-.l as the 1. 11, Inman 

which Mr. Smith lieaiititie.l.niakim; the wil.ler- Mann factiiriii- I '< ■. In 1 .S. ,,:; the mill w.is k-as,-,'; 

ness hl.i.v.ini lik(- the r.ise. Ihere's w here the '" ^'^ alter k. Sla.k- X ('.c. which cnce-rn li.is 

Indians limit tlu-ir si,,„(- lunises ami In a-.l f. .r ''arried . m llu- liiisnu-s. ,,ii.l.-r tlu- name ..f tlu- 

\(-ars .-iiid \(-.-irs .-liter the whites .(-itK-.l here. ' 'l>ar Kiver W.i.ileii .Mill. \\ Ims,- . iftice lu-a.k 

d hat's the 111. 1st mii-resinp- .if .iiiythm- aliniil d"''"'''''"-- -i'"' 7r I'-Nchaii-e sua-e-t. I 'n w i.l,-iic(-, 

this neiL.dili.irli 1. <i l-.lay." American Locomotive Works. — .Maiinfac- 

lii l.'-;i.| rresrr\e.l \rii. .1.1. t he father. if .Mr, tiirers i.f 1. ic. mi. iln cs. Ihisnu-ss (-siahlislu-d h\ 

l'res,-r\(-.l \rii.ild. J.l. ami .Mr-, L.mis.-i ,\, karl 1 ', .Mas. ,11. ( harks jacks, m. Isaac I larish, ,ni 

I \rii.ildi I'.irti-r. wlm are luiw la-sidiiii.; \ crx ami . itlurs in iSim. fi ir tlu- matin factnix- . if rilles. 

iie.ir the 111. 1 mill. l(-as(-d and .i|i(-rat(-d tlu- '• I'm I'he maimfactnre ..f k ic. mi. iti\ i-s was ln-mm in 

lerll) lacPir\ Pir s,mu- l.uir \ (-ai's. spiniim- l.Sii^. and f. ir s, ,nu- t w eiit\ ti\ a- \ (-ars the hiisines- 

\ arils, and lu- w. is ,pnt(- snec(-s^fnk Tlu- (ami- w,-i- carried .m successfully, llu-ir k ici nil. it i\ a-s 

num talk nl llu- iK-i-hl" nlu " nl at that lime was li,-iii- (■. nisulei c.l .1111(111- tin- Iiesl mad(- in Xnur- 

ihat .Mr. Armild was tlu- niilx iii.aii wlm had ica. Tlu-re w.is a (k-pia-ssi. m in llu- hiisiiu-s- 

made the mill ]ia> sin((- it w.is limit, ll(--a\(- al.iii- ali<mt i.S.|ii. .-md the wrnks wer(- rniinin- 

np l)iisin(-ss lu-ri- pi snperiiit(-ml llu liuiklm- . if mi rather uiu-\(-ii 111111-. until tlu- I iit(-i ii.itii ma! 

the factury at ,\!lii.iii .di.iui 1 .Sj v I'.iwer 1 . 1, li(--aii l.i .ijK-rati- the plain in nioo. 

■ Stepli(-ii II, Smith, llu- fiiiiiuli-r nf tlu- (-state. wlun tliex lH-L;,aii llu- maimfae'tiire ..f ant. i-tiaicks 

di(-d in 1N57. Ills li,id\ lu-iii- haul 111 tlu- (■elite- in ('. iiiii(-(-t i. m with the iii.iiiiifactiir(- nf Imainin- 

l(-r\ iie.ir the ljiiak(-r ,M(-etiii- Ihnise. ah. ml a li\(-s llu- pr.ip(-rt\ (■.•line itn.ler tlu- Ciiitrdl nf 

iiiil(- distant fiami llu- ".si,.,,,- Ilnuse," I'he the Vmeriian 1 .. k'. mi. 'I u e W.irks in i.)i>i. aiul is 

pr.iperts which lu- had made s, , attractixa- all at pi(-s(-nt .kiiiiL; an e\l(-iisn(- lnisnu-s^, |-',ii- 

passed iiiil III .Mr, Smith's hands Int. ire his tliirl\-li\e \ (-ais ihe\ ha\e lu-eii kii.iwn as tlu- 

death. Rliddi- Islam! 1 .. .ci int. itn i- Wurks- 



AND HLS1M-:SS MEN Ul-' RHODl-: ISLANU. 



295 



Rhode Island's Annual Manufactured Products 
$184,000,000. 

W'licn tin- |)rct;u'(,' of \\u> Ixxik was ])rinu-ii 
tin- chief slatistioian nf the Tnited States. Mi'. 
S. X. I). .Viirth. had not cDiiipleted iiis work to 
.a |ioint wliere he eotild .t;i\c even an esliinale 
on the m.annl.ai'tiired products of Kliode Island 
for the year iipo. liie editor was accordiiiijly 
conijjelled to make an estimate from his own 
<jl)ser\ ation. which was tjiven as about 
$1 50,cx)o.ocxj, which was some $8,000,000 in 
e.xcess of the census report for i8(>o. Tliis has 
proxen. to his i;reat satisfaction, loo small ;ni 
estimate l)y al)out $34.(XXJ,ooo. Ilere is a part 
of the 'I'welfth Census report as relating to 
mannfactm-es : 

I'lie \alne of the products is returned ;it 
$184,074,378, to ])roduce which invoUed an out- 
lav of $5,552,189 for salaries of ofticials. clerks, 
etc., $41,114,084 for wages. $i2.19().j83 for mis- 
cellaneous expenses, includiuii' rent, taxes, etc., 
and $(X),392,7JO for ni;iterials used, mill sup- 
plies, freis;lu anil fuel. It is not to lie assuniecl. 
however, that the ditterence between the 
aij^rcsi^ate of these sums and the \alue of the 
])roducts, i>. in an\ sen^i.'. indicati\e ol the 
profits in the manufactiu'e of the products dur- 
intif the census year. The value of the product 
.ijiven is the value as obtained or fixed at the 
shop or facteirw and takes no co<;nizance of 
the cost of sellinsi'. or of interest on ca])ital 
invested, or of mercantile losses incurred in the 
liusiness, or (.)f the de])reciation of the plant. 
The $184,000,000 max*, therefore. ]iv considered 
the fJTOss, rather tli.m the net \aliie. 

.\s compared with i8i;o. the ca|iital emploved 
in Rhode island ni;inufactures has increased 
onlv 21;. J per ci-nl. This ai^parently unsatis- 
factorv showini;' is not owini; to a decrease in 
the volume of g'oods ])roduced. but rather to a 
fall in ])rice. Thus in woolen and w<irsti(l 
t;(.)ods there is an increase of (>H.J per cent, in 
capital, and an increase of 34.1 per cent, in the 
<piantit\ of wo\en labric- ])roihu'ed. while the 
increase in the value ot these fabrics i> ouK 
20.1 jier cent., the axeras^e values per scptare 
yard having; f.allen from (-n) cents in i8i>o to 50.1 
cents in njoo. In cotton g;ot)ds there was .m 
increase of 7,.V'3-75'^ yards in the i)roduction of 
fabrics, and a decrease of $1,287,574 in their 
value. The a\eraii:e |)rice ]nr yard of these 
cotton i;oods was (1.07 cents in i8()o. and 5.48 
cents in upo. 

Table I. of the statistical ])resent:ition of the 
bulletin shows the mechanical and m.anuf.ictur- 
inu; indnstric'^ of Rhode Island as retin'ne<l at 



ihe censuses of 1850 to 1900, inclusive. The 
number of establishments were 8(^)4 in 1850, 
.^•^77 i'l i<*^yo and 4,189 in 1900. 'i"he emi)loyes 
have increased from 2o,9f)7 in 1850 and 81,111 
in 1890, to 96.528 in H/X): the waffes from 
85.047,080 in 1850, and $33,239,313 in 1890. to 
$41.1 14,084 in 1900: and the value of the prod- 
ucts from $22.1 17.()88 in 1850. and $i42,50(j.625 
in i8(jo, to $184,074,378 in kjcx). 

The returns show that in the census vear 
KjcX) the euornn)us |)ro])ortiou of 22.5 per cent. 
of tin- entire population, and in the Ijusiest 
season ot the \ ear. 1 i-.<)H(\ persons, or 27.5 per 
cent, of the population, were en^atjed in manu- 
facturing. It i,-- doubtful if so larjje a jjropor- 
tion of the itdiabitani.^ of ;m\ other .State are 
enLrai.;ed in enhancini;- the \alue of raw ma- 
terials by the [)rocess of mamifacturing'. 

Ihe niackstone Ri\er was the i)rimary. nat- 
ural influence in the industrial de\eloi)menl of 
the .'state. It w.is the water power of tl'.e 
I'dackstone still more hijjliK- de\eloi)id. in spite 
ot the coin])etition of steam, than aloni; ativ 
other ri\er of it-- -ize in the countr\, that led 
to the early and successful establishment of 
factories ;nid particularK of cotton mills. The 
natur.al tendency of one successful iudustrv is 
to stimulate the introduction of others: thus 
the ])eo])le o| Rhoile Island came to L;i\e more 
and mori- attention to nnmufacturiniL;'. and mul- 
tiplied mill.-- as they i.;rew in wealth. ( )nr .State 
has practically no raw materials to stimulate 
its industries, the co;il and raw substances used 
beiiii^ transported from lorn; distances: but it 
has been to the ad\ant;n^e of i'roxidence and 
otliei" mill centri-s on ;ind near Xarraj^ausett 
I'lay th;it coal, i-otton and oilur >up])lies nia\' 
be taken to them .at K-.^ cost than to man\- 
manufacturing points in the itUerior of Xew 
IuiL,''land. 

( )ur statistician. .Mr. Xorth. ^.axs; 

■■Rhode Island occu])ies a unicpie ])lace as a 
niatnifactnrini;- State. Smallest in area, the 
-State stood fourth at the census of i8ijo in the 
\alue of its textile jirodncts and fifteenth in 
general m;mufacturinL;". and it^ rank i> not 
likely to be inateriall\- altered at the ])resent 
census. In the jierceiita^'e of the total popula- 
tion employed in manufacture, in the \ ariel\- 
and imp<'rtance of products and the .i;eneral 
healthy ami proiiTessive character of inanufac 
turinj.;- methods, Rhode Island is ni>t sur- 
p;i--'-e(l." 

Anchor (Inman) Mills. — I larris\ ille. R. T. 
[.\merican \\ ooKn I o.J — In the town of lliir- 
rilUille, R. I., just west of the \ illa,L;e of llar- 
risviUe. .-md so closely connected as to form an 
intimate ]iart of that phice, is the \ ilhai^f of 
< iranitexille, in which are located the Inman 
-Mills of the .\merican Woolen Co. 

Ilere is one ol tile best water ])ri\ ileyes in 



:?i)6 



HIOCRAI'IIICAI. IIISTORV Ol' lllK M AN L'FAC. TL K I'.RS 



ilif liiwii, ilnir hniiL; ail cxcclKiii I'all ami an 
aluiiiilaiu lliiw III walcr iuarl\ tin- i-iilirc- \ rar. 
wliK-Ii 1^ ^uiiplud li\ thr >ti\ain I'dfiiuil In ihr 
lunlhu'iuT 111' llu I'a^ina;; and C'k-ar l\i\rr-. 

In 1S411 llu 111 -1 null mi tlii-, site \\a> rrcctcd 
li\ S\ ra anil Su|ilirii 1.. Sluinian, who at that 
liiiu- iiwiuil a I I in--iiK ralilc ]iMniiiii nl' llu- land 
in llial \uiiiil\. S\ia SluTiiian \\a-- a -^liuu 
niacin and Imilt tin- null liiiiixclf, \\v had Imt 
ifw a~--islaiil-~ 111 tlu- 11 Mivi niitii in, and vi 1 
lari;i.l\ wa-- il In-- |nrsiinal lalinr llial luaiK 
niiu- xrai's' linir wa^ ihtiiiiuiI m tlic wiirk nf 
IniildiiiL;. 

I'.nl till-- ^triuliin- wa-- iml iK>tiiu-d tn ic 
main Ihiil; a niiinnnunl in lii> |ni'-.r\ naiiri' and 
-kill, liir ill |S3_' il \\;i- de-Ill )\ 111 li\ tire, 
Dnrm;^ the lnu'l nine iirei-edniL; the tiie U \\a- 
Iva-ed and ii|irraleil li\ j. I'. ,^eaL;ra\es t\: (o,. 
:nid -'I aiiMiin- were lhc\ In innlmne inaniil'ai- 
inrillL; there thai the mill \\a- -peediK relunlt 
and \\a- nperaled iinder tin- t'lnii name until 
1S71. I hiriiiL; the L,;riater iiarl <if that time 
John ( ha-e \\a- -ii]uiniteiiileii1 . I'lie nii^inal 
partner- in the linn nf | I, ."-ea^rax e- \- In. 
were Jarnli 1'. and jn-iali Sc-ai;ra\e-. w hi 1 had 
lieen niemlier- I if t he I IIK m W 1 » ileii ( '1 1. w liu h 
'ipi-rated the I iiiiiii .Mill 111 I'.i-eiiaL; frnin iS^X 
111 l'^47. I heir -iie<e--i ir- in hii-ine-- at 

< iranite\ die were lame- .'<. I 'lielte]ihue ,ind 
<ii.'iiriL;e \. .'~-i-ai;ia\ e-. \\lni al-ii iiperaled .1 
\\ lliile-:ile L;riH'rr\ -hire 111 I 'n i\ uleiu i' inider 
' lu' I II" 111 11.1 1 lie 111 I 'liel t epl.'iee \' ,SeaL; ra \ c- , and 
\sllii. alter llieir lea-e at ( iraiiit e\ die e\]iirei|, 
iiju'rati-d the ( eiitral I'all- Wi.nlen .Mill- at 
I'l-ntral hall-. While llie\ w ere m ( n-aiiil e\ die 
llle\ i-arried mi lni-ine-- under ihe nld linn 
naiiu- I )l" I. I '. SeaL;ra\ e- iV 1 1 1. 

In 1S71 ( ,. .V, \- I \ ^imih lea-ed the null 
and ran it until ;iliiiiit 1S73, when tlie\ liecamr 
linaiU'ialU emliarra--ed and I'ailed, due ]irin- 
i'i]iall\ In tile II impliratii 111- and n nidilii ui- 
l)riinL;lu alHuit li\ the Spra-iir lailnie m 1N73. 

In 1S711 11 was lea-ed tii a new n ipartner-hi] 1, 
-l\led the (naiiile\ille .\l ami lart m in^ In., with 

< I, ,\', Siiiilh a- aLteiit, and Iw them nperated until 
iXjU. when it wa- aL;ain ile-tri.\iil h\ lire. 

Tin- mill ri'maiiud 111 rinn- until the -niiimer 
III iSXj, when il w:i- pnrelia-ed li\ William \, 
Ininan frniii llie ,'-^lle|■lllall heir-, and 111 the tail nf 
the -anie \ear llie pie-i'iil -nh-tamial plant was 
creeled and reaiK Inr nper.itinn .\|r. Iiimaii 
nwned ami nperated the pl.iiil fmiii that lime niitil 
iSi).), when he -nld it In ihe \iiieriean Wnnleii 
1 n, liy wlimii he wa- rel.amed a- re-ulent aL;eiit, 

I'lilli 111 the e.irher -IriKlnre- were -iinilar in 
-i/r In the pre-eiil mill and were ile-iL;neil tn ac- 
rnmmndate frniii ten In twehi- -el- '>\ rariK. The 
prniluei ha- alwa\- Ix-eii wnnleii nr wnr-ud 
■^iinil-. Iaiu\ oa--iiiiere- were mannfactiired hv 
I, I ,^eaL;ra\e- »V t n., and wnnleii- and wnr-tcd- 
|p\ the Sinilli- llie plant i- imw (i|iii]ipii| fnr 
the niaiiii lartnie i>i wnr-ted LinmK. 



J he )iresent mill is a niassi\a> li mkiiiti- nimlorn 
-Inlie hinldiiiL;, -'< " 1 frit Inn;^ h\ 34 feet wide, 
three -tmie- in liei.i;lu. willi a t;ravel mnf, ,iiiil 
li.i- Iwn lar^e M|uari' tnwcr,- nii the frniii. w huh 
,l;im' U an im]insin<;' appi-arancr, ,\(ljninini; llie 
inaiii -triutnre mi the w i>l there is a twn-tniw 
hnildmt; ii-e.l a- a diw iiiLj-rnnm, ihedmuse, 
elli;ille rnnlil. and liniler llnllse. and a smaller 
-Iniie hmldiiiL; ne.ir liy is used as a slnckdimisc, 
< 'II the iinrtli i- ihe mill nftiee, a neat nne-slnr\ 
limldiiiL; nl wiiixl, wiih an annex nf -Imie adiniii- 
uil;, 

I he ei|iiipiiieiil miisisis n| -(1 hrnad Innin- and 
llie iieee--ar\ rnlllplemelll n| reelili;;. spnnlinu;, 
ilre--iiiL; and lini-liiiii,; m.icliiiieiw . and ihi'iiiL;" 
lacihtie- ill prepare and lini-li the |irniltKl ni llie 
Inniii-. Ihe ahiiiidaiil water ]inwer is an^ineliled 
h\ an engine. 

Ill llic immediale \ii.iiiit\ and nii llie -amr 
e-tate ,ire .1 niimher III lenemeiit- and a ImardiiiL;- 
hmi-e Inr the aiinmmmlatii iii I'i llie ein])ln\e-, 
MllimiLjh imi in rln-e prnMiniu tn a railmad 
-tatinii. a -pnr nark run- direrlh inin llie mill 
\aril, al'lnrdiiu,^ ,ill iiei,-e--ar\ freight facilitie-, 

rill- plant ha- receiitlx heeii niiiled with the 
Shetlield .Mill- nf r.a-ciia.i;. R, I., and nperati-d a- 
niie plain, iiiider llie niana,L;rineiil ni .Mr. Inmaii. 
the twn hein;,^ kiinwii a- the .Xiu'hnr Mill-. 

Anchor (Sheffield) Mills.— I 'a-. ..a-, R I 
I \niericail W nnleii ( n, | — The -Hi; w here the null 
iinw -land- wa- nwiied and neenpU'd 111 I Sji . li\ 
\le--r-, I'liin \' \ulinla- Sa\les, Ilieir iiiaini- 
la<inr\ wa- a -iwllie and axe -hnp. the watrr 
]inwi.'r heiiiL; nlili/ed tn run a tripdialiinier .ind 
the 1 illler ni.U'hmelW ll-ed. 

In iS:;:; the prnperls w:i- -nld tn .Me--rs. I His 
\" I'.lint I'.dih, will! ei|lll]ipei| the -Imp with niie 
-rt n| marliiiier\ Inr the m.aini tai'tiirini.,; nl -;ili- 
iiet-, riiiitiiimiiu; In run tin- ]ilaiit niilil iS^m. 1 he 
priiperi\ wa- then lea-ed tn .Me-sis. |.\maii 1 npe- 
laiui iV l,\niaii llawkcs, w Im managed 11 until 
1S47, when It was piirrhased h\ ,M r Inliii 1'. 
I'iskc-. .Mr. Iiskc reiiri,;aiii/ed the ]ilaiit and iii- 
st.alled V' Innin-, w liirli he 1 i]ieraled nii print olnihs 
until 1X37. Mr. liski- iheii le.ised the prnpert\ in 
\lessrs. Ilawkes \ Inwier, w hn eniilimied the 
maim l.ai'tnre nl satinets nniil 1S31). when the 
]irn|iert\ was hiirned. || was relimlt. Imwever, 
111 the s.ime \ear li\ .Mr. kiske, llie new hmldins; 
fnriniiiL; a part f\ the ]ireseiii |ilant. 

Ihe liiiildiiiL^s were eipiipped with twn sets nf 
laids and in I liree i|iiarter- w idtli W nmisneket 
Innms, wliieli prniliued satinels under .Mr. 
hiske's iii:maL;i'iiii'iit until lSn7, when he Innk 
Ills snii, .Mr. jnliii r, I'iske. Ir., iiitn the linn, 
under the name n| jnliii k. Iiske vV .'~^nn. and at 
the s.ime lime nureased die ei|lli]iineiit nl Inniils 
in ..4. 

Ill iSS^ .Mr. Inliii r. I'iske. jr.. ] iinxh.ised llu- 
plant and ereiied ,111 .adihtinii >i\ 1 1 _> feel. .Mr. 
Inside Innk niii .all I'i the nld maehineiw and in- 
stalled ^11 hrnad Innms n| llie ('rnlllptnll lIKlke. 



AND ]UJSI\i:SS MEN 01-" R11UDJ-: ISl.AxND. 



297 



witli full (.■quipniciu fur tlu- man u fact urc of 
worsted goods. 

The plant was then kiu)\vn as llic ShefTicld 
\Vorstf<I Mills. In 1S88 Mr. l-'iskc added 18 
looms til tlu- equipment and in 1890 22 more, 
wlien he alsij constructed a new ensjiiie and boiler 
house and machine-shoj), a stock-house and 
picker-liouse combined, and a larj.je addition for 
s])imiin<;, cardinj; and weavin;.;;. I le also added 
an enijine. water-wlu'el. and liuikrs. and erected 
a new chimney. 

idle mills were incor])orated as the "Shet'tleld 
Worsted Mills" in i8(j8, and in May (if the fol- 
lowini;; \ear the plant was assimilated intu the 
.\merican Wnulen (.nmpanv. 

Weybosset Mills. — I'rdxidence K. I. [Amer- 
ican WiKilen (_'o. I — The nucleus nr parent hnihl- 
inj; <j|' these mills was built of stone by John 
Waterman in 18^1 lor manufacturiui;' cotton. R. 
and J. I'eckliam became the owners. l)Ut dnrini; 
the Civil War the establishment was idle. Royal 
C 'i'aft and William 11. \\ eedi-n were en^a.i^ecl in 
manufacturint^ fancy cassimeres at Waterford, 
K. 1.. in the No. ,v or fh'st mill built b\ W. & D. 
D. l''arnum. Thev jjurchaseii the estate in 1864 
from Messrs. I'eckliam, removed the cotton 
machinery, and in i8fi5 commenced making' cassi- 
meres. .\n au.xiliary building of brick for assort- 
ing, scouring. ])ickmg. etc.. with a one-storied 
anne.x for iheing was built, and was indicated as 
the No. 2 .\iill. ' 

The Weybosset Mills was incorporated in iSdd, 
with Royal C Taft. William 1'.. Weedeii and 
James \V. Taft as stockbohK-rs. In iS-_> both 
Xo. I and .\'o. 2 mill> wt-re extended and ini- 
])roved. In the seventies, though the men's- wear 
market was influenced much 1)\- foreign styles 
and designs, it was not so completely dominated 
as at jiresent. < iriginal designs fi;imd favor. 
es])eciall\ among clothiers, and the "W t-ybossets" 
became well known in these respects. Imitations 
were audacious and frequent, causing the corpor- 
ation to suffer through the robbery ot designs 
created by itself and established through its 
rei)Utation. rrotection imder the laws of letters 
])atent was sought, and for several years all orig- 
inal designs were issued imder the seal of the 
Patent < )ffice. Infringers were at first ])rosecutt'd 
anil enjoined until the annoyance ceased. 

In 1880 .\o. 3 .Mill was built for au.xiliary card- 
ing and spinning. Worsted had been constantly 
encroaching on the old cassimere and other solid, 
felted fabrics. The clothing trade at last turned 
from a cartled thread and embraced the comlu'd 
filament in every variety of lustrous faliric. In 
1883-84 a portion of tlie machiner\ was removed 
from .\'o. 3 Mill, and combing, ilrawing ;md 
spinning were installed, .^ince that tinu' worsteds 
and cassimeres have been made in the better 
grades used by clothiers. 

In 188; Ro\a! ('. Taft sold his --hares in the 



cor])oration to the partners in the house of Jacob 
Wendell iS; ( o.. .\ew York, in May, 1899. the 
establislimt'iit was sold to the .\merican Woolen 
Co. and the corporation merged its individnalitx 
iiUo a larger concern. 

.\n interesting story of the fibers of wool and 
its gcogra])hical e.xpression. as rendered in breeds, 
might be woven out of the e.\|)erience of these 
mills in ;ibout a generation, .as human life goes. 
At first oidy ( )liio nr I 'eimsylvania wools were 
used, with .a litiK' from Miciiigan and Wiscrmsin. 
Ill the ik'pression caused by the h"ranco-(.iennan 
war .\ustralians were brought in (luantily from 
l'iigl;md or the Land of their growth. Cnder the 
liberal tarilT prevailing in the early seventies pelts 
were im])orted largely from iSuenos .\yres, and 
a pullery was operated on the i)remises. Califor- 
nia then afforded a substitute for the growths of 
< )hio, and as the territories west of the Missouri 
bi'came (piiet communities they afforded pastur- 
age for the descendants of the central western 
sheep. .\11 these changes reveal the processes of 
civilization in embryo. The great civilizing in- 
strument of Lister and .Xoble — the automatic 
comb — was taking the better staple from its elder 
l/rother. the carding machine. Wools of shorter 
and inferior staple w i-re left in the grip of the 
card, while the better libers were being seized and 
engrossed b\ tlu- constantly encroaching comb. 

After the Atnerican Woolen Co. took posses- 
siiiu of this |ilant important changes were made 
lor increasing ;ind improving the ]iroduct. I he 
|iroduct Consists of worstids and cassimeres, in- 
cluding over-coatings and cloakitigs : generally 
the fabrics are in f,-mc\' colors, though piece-dyed 
goods are made. It ranges from i.iik),ooo to 
1.501^,000 \ards per annum, ;iccoriling to weights 
;md (|uality. 

The establishmeiU imw comprises the following 
buildings and ec|uipmeiUs : .\'o. 1 .Mill, of stone, 
coni]irise> the main building, of four stories. 22y 
li\ 50 feet: two wings, of four stories each. 157 
b\ 51 feet and 107 bv 411 feet, respectively, and a 
>lu'd. one stor_\ in height, 107 by 88 feet. No. 2 
.Mill, of brick, includes a so-c;illed iire])aration 
building, three stories in height. 112 by 47 feet: 
a dve-house of one stor\. 103 b\ 22 feet, and an 
engine and boiler-house of brick. Xo. 3 Mill is 
made of stone, is four stories in lieight. and is 
1 1 18 b\ 30 feet. There is attached to this mill also 
an engine and boiler hou>e of brick. The mil! 
office is of brick, one story, 32 by 18 feet, with 
an extension _'8 li\- 25 feet. The main equipment 
includes the following machinery: F.ight combs 
with two sets of worsted drawing. i('> si)imiing 
frames. 10 twisters, three reels, three winders, 
eigiit mules, and scouring, dyeing, drying ma- 
chines and extractors: J5 sets carding machines. 
17 nude-, three winder-, three twisters and 31 
-poolers: _>t8 loom> ((1-4). 11 dressing frames, 
two winders, and all necessary finishing ma- 
chinerw 



j<is iu()(;k.\riiic.\i. iiisrom' (>!■■ iiik m.\\ii-actlri;rs 

Riverside Worsted Mills. — I'l' iv kK-iici-. R. 1. wa-- -.■■Icj at aiKninn ami wa-- i)<iii.i;lit In Mr. I'.. I'. 

[ Aiiu-rlfan W.h.Icii ( . .. ] I lir RniiH.lr * Inipni aii.l ciHTaU-d l.> lli^ iallier, Mr. W , C. 

w ,. , 1 \ 1 11 ,. ,■,,,, 1 II, \ I ,- r • ,■ w < liaiHii, ami liim--rll. 

... ,,,,,,■ ,,' II "'1^ iliunii' llir \<.ai> iSr; tn 1S77 iliat tin- 

I liapiii ami .\lr. I.rwi^ I. I)ii\\iu> in iNi;. in n . 1 1 1 1 '. ■ 11 .■ .1 

, ', , , II ,11 iiinl i->tal>li>lu(| a ini '^l rn\ial>lc ri-putalmn m tlu 

u liK'li \rai' llu-\ pnniia^o tlu- ^ilr m < 'lnr\\ilU'. • . - ■ . , • • ., 

, ■ ■ ^ , I, I I. 1 ■ 1 inaniilat'lnrc nt imii ^ wdi-.-^ti-cl suUini:>. tlu- mil- 

m tin- town I.I .\(inh I v. .\ ulnur, K. I., ' 'ii tlu- , , ■ 1 1 .1 1 .1 ■ ■' 1 

... II, I II,- I'i'i Ihiiiv ^"lll lhriinL;li thr nunnnssiim lnHiNr dI 

, ., ,. I .,., ... I , 1 ■ I \. I). |uilliai<l iV ( !■. In ."-'I'litcinher. iNrN, tlu- 

iiiiiMiiiL;^. I In- null ci 'iiiaiiu-c alii ml lhirt\ Iniinw ,•,, ,-■,, ■,, • , , . ,,- -, 

, -^ , , , , 1,1 , • tilU- 111 ilu- null \\a> a>jam cliansj-i-d tn KivitmiIc 

aiii i-ini>M\i-( aliMiit two nim red ian< s. >> . . s,-,, 1 ' 1 1 ■' . 1 -.1 

, , • , . 11 \\iir>tfil .\lill>. and \\,-i^ dnh iiu-nrpdrati-d with 



In I S( 13 ilu lir^t c ii-]ii iialK III wa^ i-rc.itrd, witli 
.\|r I.. 1. l)iiwiir^ a^ |ii-rviiU-nt. .\lr. I n.-' n'l^e W 



tin- hiUowniu; -tall <it 'itticir-; I'.. I'. ( liai)!!!, 
lirc^iik-nt ; \\ . 1 . ( liapiii. \ icc-prcsidi-iu ; 1- rcck-rii.- 



I liapin. trra>in-ir, am .Mr. \lln.-n ( lialU-i-. sci,-ri.-- • ■•. , -,■ n ■ . .1 r. 

' .,., . , I 1 I n ( < iiidit, ti(-a--iiii.i . I Ik- null, I iwinii- t(i till- (inalitx 

lar\. I lu- lir>t "mimK pii " nrcd in tin- mill wrrr ,- . , . . -.i 1 ' 1 

, -, . ■~' '.. ... .-. 1 , "' "^ priidiirtN. iiK-t Willi ]>lK-ni mu-nal ^-u 



iccc- 



iliilli- tiir oi i\a-i-iim i-iittin-.. Ilu- inritrrial ci i-t 1 .1 ' 1 .- 1 .- 1 .• 11 

, , 111- I ,1 Imiii ;i> til Milnnu- nl pn idiitiiiii and tavnrabli- 

\(-r\ little .iml -I'ld till" viiiid miiiu-\. .\lii>t nl 1 1 .- ■ 1 . 11 1 

, -, . , , ^ , . pi'u-c.-> >ri-iiri.-d. and Infcisjlit \i-ar-- wa-- ci miui'llcd 

the biiMiii-s-, wa-- dniit- t lin hiljIi a I iriiiian linn in . -. , , 1 ' . ■ 1 , n 1 

.. V , , I ■ - -, III iiptrah- It- wlinU- iil;iiil nmlu a- well as da\ . 

.New ^ nrk. (•wiiil: In tlior jiartu-s lailinij tn , , , , ii-.- 1 1 1 • 'i 

-^. , ' . , -^ . ihniii'' w IiuImh rii id ,iddilii iiial l.iiid w a- ai. iinired, 

cari'v iHil ciiiilraits in ilu- nialtrr iil niikr- tiir , .- , , . , ■ 

-, , . , ... , , ,., iiiiuli lu-w liireiL;n and diiiiu---lu- inacniiu-r\ wa- 

vi II 111-, till- ela-- I it lU'i iiltu-tii 111 w a- di'i iiiin-d. Ilu- 11 1 1 1 'i 1 

, . ' , ' '. , ,iddi-il. ,iiid .ihi lilt J.7111 1 I ipcrali\-e- w ere t-llll)lii\-ed. 

ne\t iiiiiid- inaniitaeliiied were a \ei'\ tine "rade , . . 1 • . - i\ 1 

-^ . I - I II - 1 ,1 7 1 1 \ii aL^ieeiiienl wa- entered iiUn 111 December. 

lit ea-Minere- made tiir n-eiili .ee ut I liiladel- ,,., ■ , ., , , 1- ,, \i / . - i- 

I . ,1,1 , r s V- 1 iNNa. with the ( )-weL;ii hall- .Manittactnrmsj- ( o.. 

plii.i. ,uid --I lid t nil iii"li the New > 1 irk n .iniiii--ii ill .- 1 1, \- \- . 11 , .1 . ' 1 . 

. ,, ,. r:.,,. , .... , 111 liiliiiii. .\ . > .. Ill ci iii-i ilidate tlu- iwii )lant> 

liiiii-i.- Ill lliiiil iV I ilhiiLih.i-t. Ilu- m-\t "mill- , . . , - , , ,,, 11 I 

, . ^ , . , -^ , and 1 i|iei ate tluiii under I iiie title. -\ Klmde Island 

maniitai.'liired were a tine -'radc- nl a-traelian and , . . 1 .1 i. - 1 1,1 

, II ■ I 1 •■ II I I - eliaitei wa- ijranted a- the l\i\er-ide .•md < »-weL;ii 

iitlu-r eliiakiiuj- Inr ladie- wear, w huh -nld tiir a ,|-,, -i-i ■ .■ . 1 ■ .- '.i 

... 7 11 11 Mill-. I hi- ei irpi iialii HI ei'iitiimed in liiree until 

hmli iinee. t wa- iiimii tin- e a-- iil ''iiiid- that . ,- ,, ,- ,,., , ., ,, .■ ■ , ., 

,^ ,'. ., I ■ 11 tlu- tall lit iNSii. In tSi 11 . tlu- ei iinieetii m w itli the 

llie l\i\ei--ide made II- lir-t rei iiitat n m. w huh n . , , r 11 1 • 1 1 

, , , , ,11-1 mill :it ' l-weijii rail- heiii'' ilrniiped. a new 

were the nllU ,-i-l raelhill- Ihell ni:ide 111 the I niled , , 1 d 1 .- .1 'c. . V \ 1 

, • III I , , eh.irter iiiuler the law- nl tlu- .^l.ile iit .M.iiiie wa- 

."-tate- and \\ere the hiLihe-t iirieed wihiUii " 1- 1.1 1 .1 .- n- ■ 1 w , 1 

, , . , ^ ' .,., ■ ,, , I ilit.-inied, under the name iil Kuer-ule Wiir-led 

iiriichieed 111 till- i-iiiintr\. I he\ weri- called i,-,, . ■ i- .- .- ^ \i 

' , II- ■• ,-, I - - .Mill-, .it ,1 catiit;ili/';ittiin iil M .( « « i.( « ic >. .Mr. 

astrachan clnakmi's. .\lacliiiier\ Inr inanulac- 11,, 1 1 . \i -i-i 1 1 

, . , . , ,^ . , - , , , jiihii ( . I iiiiili- hec-ime iire-ideiit. Air. 1 heuiihihl- 

tnrinii- tin- hnjh clas- nl v I- cniild imt at that -, 1 \i w 1. w 1 

7 ., - , ^ , , - II Kiiil;. trc-.i-iirer. and Mr. Walter Ward, niaiiayer. 

time he ea-il\ tirncnred, and iniicli nl il wa- limit ,' ■ i ■ .1 ■ i-*: .-idi 

, nil , 1 - •'111'! cnntimied m their re-iiecli\e nthce- until the 

111 the mill maclniu---linii, \ \ei-\ tine "raik- nl .- . 1 \ w i ,- 

1 , 1 ,1 ", • , tr.iii-tei- tn the Ainetican W 1 mkn tnmpaiu in 

-haw I- was alsn made iii the e,-irl\ \e.ir- nt the ,, \ .1 . .1 . - . '1 

,,. . , .,.,, , I - , - ,- I ,- i.^i)ii. \t that tiiiu- the iirniieriv cniisisti-d ni 

KiverMck- .Mill-, winch tmiiid a read\ and iirntit- , . 1 1 i.- .- 1 ' 1 1 . 

,, , ■ ' ,-ihinit se\-eii and a halt ticres nl land nwned niit- 

atile -ale. -1.11. 1 . r 1 1 

,.i - 1, , 1 I ■ . ■ 1 riLjht and alunit niu- and a iniarter acri-- nt k-a-eu 

I In- mill iirndiici-d the lir-t luece nt wnr-ted , , i-, - ' ■ . 

, . ' . , ' 11 land. Ilu- eiiniiimeiit imw cniiiprises JJ -et- 

•'nnil- Inr iiieii- Wear thai w.'i- made- in the , 1 \- 1 1 in 

7-. 1 I I 11 1 11 wiir-tei! c;ii-i|-. ^i 1 .Xnhle cnmh-, all nece-sar\ 

I lilted .^l;ite-. Ill tin- mill al-n w.i- Il-ed the . 1 - ' 1 - . ,- 1 

I, , 1 • , -I - 1 1 wnrsled -plimiil" iliacllliiei-\, i| -et- nl wdnjell 

tir-1 liiilette c,-ird-teeder. nijhl nl which wa- , - ' ,' in 1 ,- - 1 

11 ,| ., ,, ■ , , ,1 - ni,-icliiiu-r\ , ,711 Inniii- and a w ell-einniiiied nni-li- 

iiwiie<l h\- .\le--r-. • Iiaiiin «.\- |)nwiie- I he tir-t 1 ' . . 1 - 1 n .1 

, • • I , ', , , mu ikiiartmeiil, he-ide- all ntlier reiini-ite 

t<.-;i-el crn-s-sj-iL!' limit .-iinl niier.ited in tin- cniinirx 11 

I - , .^ . 1 ,,.,, ,1 I ,, macliiiier\ and aiipnrten.inci.--. 

w;i- .It the l\i\er-iile .Mill-. \l-n tlu- I ImiLjet r^ 1 ' o o^ • ■ .11 1 -1 

1 1, I , , ,1 ,1 - V Conley & Straight. — 1 mid and -il\ er reliiier-. 

dmilile c\lmdei l;il:. kiinwii a- the ( li.'ipiii i\ ,, . •' 1 1 1 1 v- 1 i, ^^- 1 

i. - - .- ' i ■ I .1 11. 1 l.n-nie-- e-l.ilih-lu-i I 111 \ii\emher. iNjfi. \\ nrk- 

I >i iw lie- ijiu. Ill which llu-\ Innll n\er nne luin , , , , , i> • , 1- 1 

1 I i' '11 . ^■, ■- 11 1 Incited .-il _' V 1 l-dih -ireet. I riwidence. r.ni|)ln\ 

died and -nld .il M .1 « ii 1 a iiiect-. Mere al-n were , , V, , , , • - 1 , ■ " 

, ,1 ,- . 1 .- .- , 1 , . , ., ■ h 1 hand- I . I I . ( niile\ i- a nati\e nt t he W e-t 

ii-ed the tir-t -ell I iperatiiiu; milk-- hrniiLjht tn tin- - 1 , , 1 1 ' 1 s- 1 ,. 

,1 1 1 I 1 -j- 1 nl Irelaml. where he wa- lini'ii .\ii\einlH-r N. 

ciii!ntr\. which were iii.ide li\ Inhn I atliani in 



i-.ni^land. Ilu- tir-l cnld ,-iir w ni il-dr\ iiii; dniie in 
the I 'niled Sl;ile- w a- cnndncted at the Rivc-r-ide, 



iSiij. I. \. SlraiL^lit. the ntlier partner, i- a na 
lu e I il l-.a-t I 'ii i\ iilenci.-, I\. 1 . 



which mill w;i- the third textile mannlaclnrx in Hicks Boiler Works.— .\l ainitactnrer- nt 

the cnnntrx tn adi ipt electric :irc illiiiiiiiiatiiiL;.' the m.irine and -t.-itinn,-ir\ hmler-. Wnrk- Incated at 

Ih-ii-h s\-tem hem- in-t.ilk-d 111 1S77. -U' ' ^''I'lli M-nn -Heel, I 'n .videiice. l'.ll-ine>- 

lii iSd:; a tin- ncciirred which de-imxed the c-tahli-hed in iSni h\ 1 ieiii-L;e ( .. llick-. riieir 

cirdiii- ami -]miiiiiiii: dep.-irlment-, al .'i daiiia:..;e ^''-^'i'll'.^ li-'" '" l''^' l'^'^' ''^■^n tiihtilar hmler.- lor 

nt' al.i.nl $-5.(1011. ' -team tn;.;-. 

Ill iS7_> .Mr. 1., T. Ilnwiie- ^nld mil ,-md tran- H. F. Thompson Co. — .Mannfactnrer- oi' 

leried all 111 llie mill inlere-t-. l„itei in the -atiu- \.-u-lit -.iil-. awiniii;-. llai;-. elc. Wnrk- Incated 

year, mi accmint nf the failure "\ I Iml. Siiras^iu- .it X'n. 1 Tnwiier -treet, I 'ri w ideiice. 11. 1-'. 

(S; ( 'n.. wlin had ,'in intiresl in the -ale i'\ the pm- Tlinnipsmi, .ManaLier. Their specialty i- -ail- I'm- 

diict- Inr -e\er,-il \e;ir- ]ii-iiir In iSj^, tlu- prnpert\ \aclil-. 



300 I^IOC.R.M'HK AI. lllSr()K\- OF Till'; m.\nl'f.\ctiki;rs 

National & Providence Worsted Mills. — iKotrioit\ is ctnidoved, hmh i In- ari- and iiuaii 

I'rovidciUT, K. I, [Auuriran Wn.iliti I'.i.] — drsciiu >\ siiiiis lieiiis; iist-d. 

'i'lu' XaliMiial \ l'r,.\iilriKT WcuMcl MilK In llir c insiructi. .n of tin- mill-, ,s;ri-at carr lia- 

,,, ,. ,.ir 1, 1 1 ,11 11.1 Ihim lakni li 1 iiii ,\ idc tin- nil i>t advaiict'd sanitarv 

wcu- r-lalilislicd li\ ( liarU-^ IlitcluT in ,- i ■ , • ,- 

• . 11 iiif litiMiis. \ tntilalii 111. am! ci nu cnirncr Inr tlu- 

iSjd inukr the namr nl tJK' 1 'ii i\ idnuc i iprralix r-~ 

\\<)r>Ui| Mills and wnr iiui ir|i. iralnl in llir ]ii i\\ it iK-ci»ai\ ii ir ilii\ in- llir niaclniKT\ 

iSS,^ nniKr tlu- ^anu- nanu- iiiidir tlu- law- nf i^ duixdl inmi a -tram plant a.L;.L;iTL;atin^ 2..S<)i) 

tlu- Stall- lit Kliddi- l-l.-ind. I'lu- nii^inal in In >r-i--]» i\\ rr. 'I'lK-rc is alsn a Miiall w atrf pnw c-r 

dii-tr\ 111 till- plant ii imnu-nri-d Willi _\ arn c< iinu-clid. oap.iliK- ■ if pfi Mhu'inL; ( k i In ir-r-pi >\\ i-r. 

-liinnmy In an nld -tmu- null wliuli. until I'lu- nu-iliauical rc|iiipnu-iit nf tlir plant v\u 

hnnit-d -r\ rral \ rar- ai.;ii, Inrnnd thr mu-Kii- liracr- tlu- nin-l i-x|K-ii-i\(- inarliiiu-rx nf hntli 

aixiin wliii'li litis .u;fii\\n up tlu- lar-i-sl indi\i- l-rnuli and diinu--iu- iiKinnfaitnri-. I'lii- conu 

dlltll laiu-y wnr-trd null in tin- (iumtry. v\i\- pr -r- ,^i i w i n-tid and J I w i m iK-ii ctinls. ^_' Ci mili-. 

])liiyinL; -'.^ou littnd- and nprratiiu; 4.V1 faiu-\ 1 i.i ic k 1 1- rciuli and U, SjS l-'.nu;lisli \\i ifstrii sjiindK-. 

Iniini-, with a ci iinpK-iiunt nf -pmnini.; and all m.iqn wnnKn -pindK- and 5^1 limni-. It nii- 

Dtlu-r iu-cr--;ir_\ inarliiiur_\ t.i inakr tlu- plant lirtici- all tlu- niaoliiiu-r\ iu-rr--ar\ fur handling; 

ooitlliK-tt- in it-i-lf. WDiil a- it i- -li.nii fnnu tlu- -lu-rp tn tlu- liiii-lud 

1 he i'iimp;m_\ Ci mt iinu-d inakin;.; \ arn- milx prndiict. 

tnitil iSSli. \\ lu-n a wraNiiuj drpartiiu-nt wa- -v/^n \i7 ^ j iv;i-n t, 1 1,1 

II , ,• , , , Valley Worsted Mdls. — 1 'n i\ idi-iui-. U. 1. 
addi-d. which wa- uici npi irati-d m thai \ i ar 

tni<U-r the law-iif llu Stau- I.I klu-d,- l-landa- I '^'"^•'"'^■■"' W ""Kn U..|-llu- \ alK-v Wnr-hd 

tlu- .Xatinnal Wnr-ud Mill-. llu-r n npi .r;i- Mdl-. fnundnl in iS4_> li\ a Mr. < .ilr-. had tlu- 

tinns pnr-iiid tlu-ir Ini-iiu--- -rparatvK iiiidn- di-tiiu-lii .11 nf lu-inu; tlu- lir-t wnv-u-d mill in thi- 

tlu-ir i.wn iliarlrrs nntil iS.,:;, w lun h. ii h u rre ci.nntr\. Tlu- nri-mal i.lani wa- ]iriiniliv<- 111 

iiuT.Ljrd intd iiiu- r-nuTrn. Tlu-x tlun lu-.-anu- m.nu 'wa\-. it- in;ichiiu-r\ Ik-iii- ii]HraU-d In 

knnwii as tlu- Xatinnal \ I'mMik-iur Wm-tcl p, i\\ .r lUnxnl fn nn a u nidia- innud In i.xni. 

Mills, ha\in- lu-ni rhartrrcd niidrr tlu- law- In iS;S tlu- hr-t ci .m]iaii\ w a- fi .rmnl n 1 . .pi-r- 

'" '''^' ^'''t"- "I l<li'"l<' 1-laiid. with a capital ;,u- tlu- 'plant. Tin- cninpaiu cmpn-rd W . I. 

-link 111 l\Mi milli.iii di.llar-. (,-,,.,., .,nd I. ( arpmu-r, wh..iH-^aii tlu- manul'ac- 

I'u.i.tinniii- with tlu- .ild -tmu- mill 111 1S711, ii,,-<- 1 if kmi - I- and cardigan iack(-t-. I'luk-r 

ttddiliiins and alu-i-alum- wriT madi- In mi \ <-ar du-ir mana-i-m.nt tlu- plant wa- ri|inpprd with 

t(. \>ar. lu-w maclnm-ry lu-m- a.l.Kd as tlu- ur\\ ma.linur\ and the facilitir- f. ,r c-.nidiu'tiiu: 

v.-in.in- Imildni-- wc-rc- n m-l riutid In rfcei\-c their l.ii-me— ' w ere enii-ideiahU imprnved. 

!t_. niilil at the pre-ent time the ].lant enii-i-l- h, |-\-hruai-\ . I S( .( .. hnwever. the plant w;i- 

nt' -e\ c-11 mill- fully eipiippeil fm- the prnduet i< .11 im.-illx .le-lrn\rd l.\ lire, hut wa- pmmptK rehuilt. 

nl \\iir-u-d \ ;irn and L^mid-. \ll nf the- mill and 111 \i ivemher nf the -ante \ e;ir w a-'aL;aiii m 

hmldiiiL;- are emi-i rueli-d nf hriek ami an- npcral mn mi the ui:iuufaeliire nf w 1 ir-ted liraiil-. 

mn<K-rii 111 their de-i-n ami e.pnpmeiii. I heir \i dii- time ilie mill had 1, hniid machines 111 

dinu-ii-inii- are a- fnllnw - : ,icli\e . iper.itmii. 

Xn. 1 ,\|ill i, a fniir -tnr\ ami lia->-meiit ju iSjj tlu- cmupain npc-raliu- tlu- mill wa- 

Imildm.L;, _'73 h\ 3S f,-et ; Xn. _■ .\| dl, al- . fmir menrpnr.ited under tlu- nanu- \>\ the \"alle\ 

-tone- and l.a-einenl, ji .,;; |.\ 37 feel, \Mtli 'd .'■ \\ nr-led .Mill-, wuh a capital nf .>-;43. .., ., « ,. The 

Inlir -InrK--. _'4 li\ jn feel : Xn. ,:; .Mill 1- |<,S l.\ nttiei.-d- nf till- cniiipanx were: I'resi'deiil, |. Car- 

1.3 I eel, with an 'd." kki 1i\ 1,3 feel, fmir -Inru - peiiier ; Irea-mer, W . l" ( m— ; and secret a'r\. W . 

in hei.i,;ht : X-.. 4 .Mill, fniir -Inru--, JS4 l,y 4(1 |< Xninld, I iider ilii- uumti-enieiit the mill 

leet ; X'.. 3 .M ill, i \\n -turn--, 144 h\ (ij.ind 11,^ cntilinued in .iciu e nper,-il mil, |.ri.duciiiL;' cardiijan 

hy 30 feet ; Xn. 1. ,Mill i- a fmir -inry 'd." 1 _'(i jacket-, wnr-led l.raid-. and wnr-ud \,-irii fnr 

hy So feet ; .Xn, 7 .Mill j- a fniir-lnry -iniclnre. kmltin.u pnr|in-e-, niilil 1SS3, when it w.i- rc- 

l_>(nn 3(1 feet, nri^anized li\ .Mr. jame- I'h'illips. jr., with tlie 

I'.eside- ihe-e Imildmi,;- llurc- an- -e\ eral fnilnwiu- nVfuer- : ' lame- 1\. 1 )nnilt;e hecime 

ntlu-r-, inclndin- iiiacliine--liiip Imildm- and pr<--ideiil, W , R. XViinld. in.i-urer, and 1. .\. 

tw-n dyedinu-e-, al-n a w ell arranmd nfhce ( rn--, -ecnlarv . A fler llii- change ,\l r I'hillip- 

hinhlini;. In addilinn lliere are ihrc-e lar-e. Imik an .iciive |iart in the mana.L;emenl and tlu- 

-uh-laiilial luiddin--, all l.uill :>i l.ruk. which pLnii w a- run i.nl\ nn the manufacture 1 if wnr-ted 

tin- n-ed Inr tlu- stnrti^e nl wiinl and m.iurial- \arn fnr wea\in,L; purpn-e-, hi- mill- al l-'ilchliur,s 

cnntaim-d in llu- maniifacl iir<- nf wnr-ted \ arn- ii-m^ iu-arl\ llu- eiilire prndiiciinii. 

•'""' W'lr-ied L;nnd-. l-.acli indi\idiial mill i- 1 hi \pril 17, 1 Si ).,, w uh ilu- niher mill- nf M r. 

mdependi-nt, -n lar a- pnwer and machinery l.une- I'lullip-. jr.. the \ alle\ hecame ,1 pari ••( 

are cniuenied. a -ImtlinL; dnw n nf ,,iu- imt thr \iiierican W nnleii In. 

;iftectini,Mhe ntlu-r-. llu- manufacturing; huildini.;- cnmpri-e Mill 

l-'nr liL;hiiiu; tin- imnieu-e esialdi-lmunt Xn. 1. jnnhx (.4 feet. ;md .Mill Xn. _', i4_:;h\ (.0 



AM) lUSlNl'.SS MI'.X OF 



iOUi: ISI.AXIJ. 



301 



ICft. TlioL- hiiilclmij^ an- jniiR-d. ami ]iracticall_\' 
ftirni one mill ami ari' ii]>crate<l as sucli. llu' 
c(|iii]jnieiU ciMiipiiscs 23 sets of worsted cards, IQ 
Xoble combs, and 9,840 worsted spindles, to- 
jictlier with the reelint;;, wimlintj and sijoolint^ 
deijartments, the production of which is loo.cxxj 
pounds ])er nioiiih of worsted yarns. The jxjwer 
of these mills is derivetl from 3 (ireene entwines 
of 250 horse ])ower each, tot;ether with three 
uprit;ht and five horizontal l)oilers. In the rear 
of the main mill are two buildintjs connecti'd and 
nmnini; at riL;lil angles to each other; one. 100 by 
30 feel, the other 125 by 60 feet. In the first 
building the process of scouring ami drying the 
wi.Hil are conducted on the first llonr. while the 
yarn dei)artment occupies the second lloor ; here 
two and a quarter million potmds of wool arc 
handled yearly. 'Hk- other buildings comprise 
the dve-house, the pruduclion of which is about 
25.000 ])Onnds per week of slubi)ing and yarn. 

In the front yard of the mill are two wooden 
storehouses, 100 by 41; feet and 70 by 20 feet, 
respectively, which are used ])rincii>ally f<ir the 
storing of wool ami tops. In addition to ilii'.. 
there is a toj) house, 75 by 40 feet, for the storage 
of to])S as they are received from tlie combing- 
rooni. 

Manton Mills. — .\lanton. R. 1. [American 
Woolen t.'o.] — The .Manti>n .\lilU .-ire lociled 
on tin- \\ oonas(piatucket l\i\er, nn the line of 
the l'ro\idence and Springlield Railro;id, in 
what was foi'inerU the town of .Manton. R. I., 
but which has now become part ^f ilu' city of 
Proxidence. 

The old .Ntone mill was liuilt in i^^.^.t by 
.Messrs. .Xlantou <.K: Kelly. It was St) feet li>ng 
and 45 feet wide, having two stories and an 
attic. The Mr. .Manton of this firm was for a 
good m.my years connected with the I'xiston 
.Manufacturers' Mutual l-'ire Insurance C'o, 
.\fter the firm retired the mill stoocl idle for ;i 
nmnber of years, and wa^ next iiperated b\ 
James Harvey as Suiierintendent for .Mr. 
(leorge C, Xightingale as trustee. Tuder this 
management the mill was sold at auction ;ind 
bought by .Mr. John Carter lirown of I'roxj- 
dence. In 1857 .Mr. lirown deeded the prop- 
erty to the Lonsdale Co. 'Hie mill at this time 
contained sixty looms and facilities for making 
cotton cloth. The Lonsdale Co. conlitiued to 
operate it until the se\entiex. when llie in.i- 
chinery was removeil to Lonsdale and another 
])eriod of idleness ensued. 

In 1880 .Mr. Charles Fletcher bought the 
];)roperty and at once commenced to ecpup it 
for a woolen yarn mill ; new water-wheel- wire 
])Ut in, with new shafting and a 125 lior-e 
power Corliss engine, four sets of woolen card- 
ami four 384 sjiindle Tatam mules. In 188:5, 
before any stock had been jjiit intu the mill. 
.Mr. Fletcher sold the ])ropert\- to .Mr. Horace 



.\. Kimball. The nnll was enlarged. an<l forty 
i;2-inch Knowles looms were installed and the 
priKJuction of worsteds for men's wear begun. 

Nearly every year has seen an additional 
growth to the ]ilant. The old stone mill has 
been r>.-nin\ (.d. .and the new buildings now 
coxer a lloor s])ace of 120,000 s(|uare feet, and 
contain nine sets of cards, 2.040 mule s])indles, 
and 185 L'rompton and Knowles looms, and 
boilers with a capacity of j(JO horse power. 
There i- also a d\e house large enough to 
su])ply the looms with all tlu' fancv yarns they 
re(piire. 'J"he buildings are modern in con- 
struction and are ;dl lighted by ,arc and in- 
candescent light,-. The water jiower is sup- 
])lied by the river on which the mill is kx'ated, 
;uid a 300 hcirse |)o\\cr (Ireene engine. The mill 
has a complete fn-e service connected with that 
of the city of Providence, which has at this point 
g2 pounds pressure. 

The ])l;nU was sold to the .\merican \\ Dolen 
Company in .May, i8(>t^, and now |)roduces 
f.'incy worsteds for men's wear with an annual 
product of o\ er $1,000,000 in value. .Mr. Kim- 
ball was lor some time retained as the resident 
agent for the conii)any. lint has lately been 
succeeded b\ .Mr. I'.dmond Corcoran. The 
plant now c< ini|iri-i's eight manufacturing and 
-ior;ige buildings, haxing an aggregate Hoor 
-p.ace 0I 'jJ.^VtJ square feet. 

J. D. Nichols & Sons. — .Manufacturers of 
fancy cassinieri-s. .Mill liicate<l at < )ak \'alle\' 
near Tarkiln. I '.nrrillville, R. I., nn the Tarkiln 
River. I'.usines> established Ijy Joseph D. 
-Nichols in 1844. The old mill was burned in 
1872. and the present main building was erected, 
the wing being l)uil! in 1884. The founder of 
the business died in 1 870. His sons became part- 
ners of tin- firm in 1803, and from that lime the 
tirm name has been J. I). .Nichols & .^ons. The 
claim is made that a cnttnn mill was built upon 
the site "f the ])resent factiir\ in 1810, and that 
it was the first mill binlt in the ti>wn of Ihirrill- 
ville. .\nother snurce nf information gives the 
!"n>t mill as the one that stood on the site of the 
l.inciiln Mill, Pascoag, which was luiilt in 1809, 
rmd operated .as ;i cottnn mill. Tluse were with- 
iiut dnubt the twii first mills of the town. 

American Wringer Co. — .Manufactin-ers of 
cliiihcs wringers. WUrks located in W'oonsocket. 
R. 1. i'.usiness established by .^. .\. Pailev, who 
iiiiil< nut a number of |);itents and made his 
wringer the most successful of any that had been 
brought out in this country before <ir since. He 
'■rganized the compan\- under the name of the 
l'i.iile\ Wringing .Machine Co., and carried on the 
bu-ines- very successfullv for a number of years 
in a wiiodcn factory on the site of the (present 
e\tensi\f brick structure. The property was 
tin;dl\ -nld to ihe .\merican Wringer Co., which 
ciirporaliiin is now carrying on the business. 



M).; 



i;i()(ik Ai'iiic.xi, iii.si( )R\- (i|- rill, .manlmactiri^rs 



Culler Jewelry Co. — \l ;iiiul;uIiiriT^ nl ^raiii- 
li-^^ i^i'l'l -lull niiL;-. ami rliiiu- -iinu n. i\ illii-. 
r.n-iiu'-- 1-1 aMi-liril mi Inur. iSmS, 1>\ llari'v 




Harry Cutler. 

I. ulK-r. Wiirk-, lucaud at iv I 'ali'inlii- -trrrl, 
I 'n i\ iiKiuT. I in]ilii\ Iriiin j^ lii kk) liaml-. 
Mr. ( nlKr \\a- Imni .\la\ i. 1S73. lie ln-^aii 
vsiirkiiiL; al varniii^ lliiiiL.;- aiinnul l.akr l-.rii- 
111 I'.ullalii al llir ai.;r iii tin \iar-. iiiakiiiL; In- 
limiu- 111 I'.iilTaki. .\. \. Ill- afterward- waiil 
',1 > W-\\ N I 'fk lit \ , w luiT 111- \\ a- i-iiipli )\ nl in a 
ihriiiL; ami Mc.ailnni.; c-lal jli-linicnl . At tlir 
at^i' lit twrUf ill- wnil til kail Rurr, .\la--.. 
wlu'rr 111- \\a- till' liii-- i|iilti.r 111 tlir -|iinmiiL; 
nmin lit tin- Xnuruan I .iiini \\iirk-, lia\ini;' 
t\\(.iil\ lui.- 1ki\- nmlir lit- caw. llcri- lu- ri.' 
inaiiu-il ntiiil timrtcvii \ Aar- iil am', llr ilu-ii 
;ii(>\<.'i| til I 'ri i\ iiKiirc. R. I., ami i-iiurril tin; 
i.-iiil)lii\ lit (iriii;;i- k.. ('iiK', a- firaml Imx. 
w luTf 111- Icariiiil iIr- imtiirc Iranic Int-itic-s. 
lnTiitmiii; a |i utriU'v in.aii ^iklcr at tlii- a^i; iif 
-i.-\i.-iiU'iii. All 1 i|iiii iilitnit \ lit-niL; nllrrnl him 
to he i(K'iil i lii'il \\ illi ihr n\\i.'lr\ iiianiilactiirini^ 
liii-im--- ill an (.Nrrntnr \\a\, lir L;a\c up tin- 
^ihliiii; lni-iiu--> ami riilmd tlir cinpliix nt' mu 
111 the lariL;<->t ir\\alr\ ri iiiciiii- in the rit\. ami 
was -iiiierintrmlciil ami iiiatiau;tr iit' aiinthrr 
lari^'^e jewclrv nianiitait nniiL; nimrrn \\ lun in- 
ri--iL;iir(l til lirLlin tnann tart nniiL; tn a -tiiall 
\\a\ 1111 In- ii\\ii atTiinnt in the k it /i loralil 
I '.nihliiiL; 1 in k.ilih -imt in iSi|S. wluri- In- i,tii- 
|iliiyi-(l Init t w 1 1 liainl-. Ill- Ini-iiu-- -tradiU" 
imTea-cil until il narlinl il~ |irr-riit ilinieii- 
-imi-. .Mr. I'litKr'- nirtliinl nt" ikiiim hii-inc-s 



ha- al\\a\- luni n iii-rr\ al i\ r. niakiii^ -iirr •.! 
Ill- 1111-iliiiii a- lu- wi-iil aliiiii.;. ami llu- rc-nll 
It a- -lu i\\ n llu- \\ i-ili im 1 it' hi- -\ -tnii 1 if nu-i ; 
ihl; tlu- ri-i|nirinu-nl- nf a ra]iull\ -rnwiiiu; 
IraiK-. Ili- |ilaiit i- i-i|in|i|n-il with all nf the 
iu-i-e--ar\ iiuiili-rn inarlniiir\ tiir Inriniiu: 'if.! 
Ill- -| H-rialt U-- 

A. H. Sweet & Son. — .\l .innfait ni-rr- nf 
!ia]Ki- .iml wiiiiik-ii Imxr-. I'lii-iiii--- r-tahli-hril 
in iSS^ h\ \. II. .<ux-rt. W.irk^ Imati-il al .Xn. 
■; I 'iiu- -I ml. I 'n i\ iikiu'r. Xiulrru II. SwrrI 
\\a- hiirti III \'ii|-tiiii. .\la--,, in 1X4^. ami Aii-tni 
.\l. Swn-I. In- -iiii, \\a- liiirii in llu- -aim- li'Wii 111 
1S74. 

Sayles & Gilleran. — Maniifailiirer- nf 
laiu'\- \\ 1 ir-t i-<l- ami suiliiiL;-, I'.n-iiu--- es 
talili-lu-il 111 iSi)- li\ llanlni^ iv t lilh-ran. .\lr. 
I I ariliiiL;'- inlrrr-t 111 tlu- tirni Ih-ihl; -iihl 111 
tSi/S t'l Mi-iirx k. Sa\ h--. wlu-ii tlu- iiaiiu- was 
ihan-i-d In Sa\ K-- \- l.illrraii, Wnrk- |iK-ati-il 
III till- iild r.raid .Mill, fiifimrh nwiud li\ ihr 
\iiu-riiaii Wnr-li-d 1 n, at ■ )_' .^nnlli .Main 
-irri-t. W 1 11 ni-i iidsi-t . k.iiiplii\ tim hand-. 
I'liwi-r -npphi-d h\ a I' row 11 1-11141111- iif 131) 
liiir-i- ]iiiwi-f. and llirx dii ihrir 1 iw n rh-rtru- 
Iil;1iI iiil; I anil- k , ( iilK-ran 1- .1 ii.'il i\ r 1 it I'.itr 
rilhilK-, R. k, wlu-iT lu- \\a- Imrn ()cliilu-r Hi. 
iSi.:;, I II- lirL;aii hi- tradr in tlu- null at .Maplr- 
\ ilh-. R. I .. and atti-r\\ ai'd- \\ 1 irki-d 111 a nninlu-r 
nf tlu- wniih-n null- nf I 'iiirrilK ilh-. .iripiiritiL;- a 
i-iiinphtr knii\\l<-dm- iii tlu- Ini-iiu---, lli- at- 
t i-iid rd till- 1 .1 iw ill Srlii H il 1 if I )i--iL;n . . if I'.i i-lmi. 
in iirdrr tii i|iialil\ hiin-rll liH' llu- dnlir- iil a 
t(-\tih- inannfarlnri-r. Ili- wa- Sit] n-riiil i-mK-nl 
nf llu- W hill- .Mill nf l'.ndL;i-lnn. r.nrrilKilK-. 
\\Ik-ii lu- ri--iL;iu-d tn nr^ani/i,- thi- present Int-i- 
lu---, lli-nr\ k. Sa\K--. a ih--erndam nt a ImiL; 
lim- i<\ inaiinfai't nt'i-r-. w.'i- SiiperiiiU-iuhnl > li 
till- mill n\\ iird li\ l-',\ ,111- iV .^ea^rav es nf I '.lal'k- 
-tnlll-. .Ma--, tnr -niiu- -i-\ i-nU-rn \ ear-. Ile 




Sayles & Gilleran Mill, Woonsocket, R. I. 

L;a\e n]i tin- pn-itinii In ln-rnnu- .'i nirinhrr iti 
tlu- pre-i-nt linn, wliirli 1- dniiii.; an i-\trii-i\r 
lin-im--. 



AND iasixi:ss mI'.n oi- riiodI'. island. 



303 



Guerin Spinning Co. — Mamifacuircrs of 
woolen and merino yarns. r.n--iness cstal)- 
lislicd in 11^93. IncoriHjratcd in iX();. Cai)ital- 
izc'<l for $100,000. ]-".in|)loy 200 operatives. 
.Mill located on Social street. Woonsocket. 
K. 1., in what was formerly known as Jenks- 
\ille. on the I'eters Ri\er. (Iffici'rs: .Stanley 
I. Smith. I'roident ; .\ram j. I'othit'r. Treas- 
urer and Secretary; l.atinur W". I'.alhin, 
.\j^ent ; |o>eph ( itierin. ( ieneral .Manager; 
Theophiln-^ (inerin. \>si>tant .\lanas.;'er. Jose])li 
(iiierin, the ( icneral .Manager of the hiisiness. 
was horn in X'ervicrs. lleljjintn. where he 
learned the _\arn business in all of its details. 
lie came to America in iSoi and he.^an mami- 
factnriiiii' \arns in liis own name on Sonlh 
.Main street, in \\ oonsocdsct. in tlu' nhl l'>rai<l 
.Mill of the .\merican Worsted ('o.. where 
Saxles iK; ( iilleran are now carr\ inij' on the 



wooK'n an<l merino \arns. and is still a member 
iif the firm, lie is also Treasurer and Secre- 
tary of the .\merican I'a])er 'I'nbe Co., of 
\\ oons(H'ki.t . I le received his education in the 
Teidmical .^cIimhI .if \'erviers, rielt;-iiim, where 
the ])ni)ils ha\e the nnusual pri\-ilesie of enter- 
ing; the \\i"ilen nnlU nf ilie cit\" for a few hours 
a daw when,' they ^am a practical kuowledsje 
of the \arn manufacture as dexelojied on a 
commercial scab'. I his is a decided advantasje 
over 1 i\n' American technical sclmols, because 
the lattir have only the s])innini;; frames, looms, 
etc.. to operate in their scIkjoI rooms as you 
woulil o])erate a j^lobe for the study of jjeos;'- 
ra]diy. The traveller learns more about the 
s^eo^raphy of llie i.;irili by trax'ellins' than he 
L;ets from a i^lobe, and the mechanical student 
derives far more knowledge fn>m tile actual 
e\])erience th;U he nia\ have the privilec;e 1 if 




Guerin Spinning Co. 

worstetl ii'oods busine>^. In iSo.^ a co|)artner- 
sliip was formed, and in 181)5 the business was 
incorporated under the present name, and the 
niachiuery was moved into their new plant at 
Jenksville, on Social street, in i8(/). wdiere they 
have (lone an extetisive business. To meet 
the increase of trade a new addition of three 
stories is now beintr built of brick at the north- 
cast end of the oritJ'inal stone factory, wliich 
was built in 1828, the accompanviuL;; cut show- 
ing its old style architecture wliicli was com- 
mon in those days. His mui. rheojihihts 
(iuerin, came to .America a year earlier for the 
purpose of assistin.i^ in setting' up the ma- 
chinery of the River Si>innin,!.; Co.. where he 
labored for si.K tnonths. and later was emiil(i\i.-d 
with his father in the manufacture of yarn^. 
He has served as .\ssistant .Manager of the 
business of the present companv for several 
years. In iix)0 he organized the halls 'N'arn 
.MilK in Woonsocket for the manufacture nf 



Plant, Woonsocket, R. I. 

enjoying in the mill or '■ho]) than all of the 
dnnmiy nudes or tly frames that have ever Iicen 
mani])ulatcil li\ the professors of our schools 
in an endeavor l.i make good workmen of our 
American bov>. I'm 1h- sure, they catch on 
ipiickl}- when they enter the mill, but with an 
advance experienct- of ilu- real kind, such as 
they are given in many of the foreign schiiols, 
they will be ready to take hold in the right 
wav the first dav. Ilu're are some 250 woolen 
mills in \ erviers, and these mill owners sup- 
])ort the technical school, each lending all the 
aid that he can in educating the pupils that 
may be sent to his mill for instruction. 

The Treasurer and .'secretary of the com- 
|ianv. .Mr. .\ram I. I'othier. is a native of 
(juebec, ( an.'ida. lie came to W oonscjcket in 
1870. and in 1875 he was emjiloyed by the 
Woonsocket Institution for Savings, where he 
has remained until the present time. He was 
keprcscntative to tin- 1 , legislature from 1887 to 



304 



HKX.RAl'IIK Al, lllSr()R\' n|.- llll'. M A M ' I'AC 'I UR i'lRS 



I SSi), and in llu latin \ tar lu' \va- clu )>(.'n I i>\\i 
nii.sM'iiui f"i- khiMlo Ulaiiil t.i llu- I'aris Mx- 
])o>iii(iii. J U- w a^ rlci'Uil \la\ iir mI' iIh- I'ii y in 




Dunn Worsted Co. No. i Mill, Woonsocket, R. I. 

iNm_(. anil wa^ latiT rlcclril I .uailciianl (nix 
rninr. and lias tdK'd nihrr .itVu'c-- of iinpurl- 
aiuT. 

l.alinuT W . r.all'Ui. llu- Al.;i.ii1 "I tlic idiii- 
liaiiw is a iial i\ r "I \\ i " msi ickrl. \\ luif lu- w a-- 
ixirn (•rtiihrr X. iSjj. lie is a ;_;iaiiiNi in n\ 
llu- latr I h 111, Latimer \\ . llalli m, \\ lui \v:i-~ i nit- 
"f the lilMxi ln.i;liK rrspi-i'trd riti/rn-. ol 1 lu- 
Statr (if Uliiidr U'laiid. \lv i~ a -ra.liiatr nf 
till.- Massaidnisiils 1 ii-.t it iilr i if 'rn-lim di il;} and 
a |Hist-.iL;Tadiiaic nf (unudl I 'iii\ ii'-it \ . I |hiii 
lea\in^" Mdimil lu- wa-- (-K-i'tcd tin- \L;i-iit nf llu- 
oiiiii]ian\. Ill wliu'li rapanlx lu- lia- srr\ i-d with 
iiiarkrc] alnlitx, tin- llllsllu-■^■- nl llu- cniuTrn 
lia\ Mi;^ bad a ^U-adx ^rnwtli fruiii llu- inrnr- 
lioratidii iif tlu- riiti-r|irisi- m 1N113, and llu- |inis- 
|H-i-t fur tlu- fiilnri- i-- \ rr\ pri iiiii--inL;, Willi 
iiuTras>.-d facililirs llial tlu- iu-\\ adilitinn t,i 
llu- fa('t(ir\ will alTnrd. tlu- cuiiiiian) will ln- 
aliK- til 1.-1 itnpcti.- with tlu- lari^i- nianiilart iirrr-- 
' if I lu- (.■iiitntrx , 

I'liwcr fnr llu- planl i^ sn|i]ilu-d fnnii llu- 
I'l-li-is l\i\-i-r 111 llu- i-xtvnt 1 >f alintil 311 linr^i- 
|H w I f llininL;li \\\>i I iirliiiu---. and a 1311 linr-^r 
]H \\ i-r Slati-r c-iii^iiu-. 

Dunn Worsted Co. — M.initf.ui nn-rs ni 
wiii^uds fur nu-nV w lai". 1 '.n-.iiu---. i-'~talilislu-il 
ni 1 >eri-iiiln-r. 1S113, and iiu'i irjii ir.il id tlu- <anu- 
1111. mil. I'lnjiliiy 173 liaiuU. .Mill- l.u-ali-il mi 
llu- I'l-trr- l\i\i-r in what wa- fiiriiu-rl> knuwn 
a- K-nks\ilh-. mi Surial -trrrt, W 1 " m-i nkit , 
iiffu-i-rs: |iihn I'.. I >nnn. 1 'rr-uK-iil ; l-'r\in S, 
Miiiin. dri-a-iirrr and Si-i'rt-t ar\ . I'liwi-r hir 
tlu- iiiilU 1- -iiiiplii-d friiiii tlu- I'rti-T-- i\i\t-r In 
till- r-Xtnil iif 311 Imr-r |iii\\rr tlirnii'^h mu- 
inrliiiu-. and hv a 173 hur-r imwcr llaiii- 
( iirliv- i-ni^nu-. llu- |iri iprii-ti ir- i<\ tlu- cum 
|ian\ wi-rr fi)inu-rl\ inmu-i-ud \sitli tlu- SaMUi 



Wiir-ti-d * II.. iif 1 'n i\ idciUT. llu- ulil vloiif 
mill wliuli nnw fnrni- a part 1 if llu- |ilant was 
litiill in iSjj. aiiil tlu- ciimjian\ liavc insl coin- 
plitrd a iu-\\ tar|iir\ imiiu-diaicU in tlu- rear 
lit tlu- iild mill, whu-li i- a nuidi-rii -trui-litri- in 
i-\cr\ ri-s)u-ct. as .slmwn li\ tlu- accumpaiu iiitj 
rill. riu- rnt nf llu- nld mill slmws (.-.Mriisi vc 
adililiiiiis lia\r liri-ii madr. wliiili makr it olic 
1 if tin- Ik-sI plants in t lu- ril \ . 

Glendale Woolen Mill. — Maniifactiirr fancy 
.(■-simcrcs. .Mill liicatcil in < iK-iidalc. R. 1.. tnwii 
'il 1 'iiirrilK iUc, nii the I'lranch Ri\cr. -, .mc li\c 
miles iriiiii I'asciiaL;, mi the .\. N .. .\ . 11. and 11. 
Railmad ci nmccliiiL; willi W ■ h uisi icket. I'liisiiu'ss 
1 11 iL',iiiall\ estalilishcd li\ Aiilhuiu Slei-re in 1 S4 I 
will! ciiiuelled the limldlllLJs slaiulillt;- nil the 
pn\ile'.^c mill a ciillim mill. .Mimil 1X311, like 
must III till- earlier mill sH-ucliires nl the tnwn, it 
was desiriivcil li\ lire, and 111 1X3:; he creeled a 
-Imie null, which is iii i\\ used ;is llu- 1 itt'ice ul the 
picsi-nt t.-|i-|iir\, lie SI K 111 afler snld the pi'nlieru 
111 l.Niiian I iipelaiiil. wlm lie'_;an the maimtacliire 
ill will lien L;iiiids, 111 i,X-,S the mill was leased tcj 
I line) \ .\lelcalf iiiilil iXii_^, wlieii I lay i!v: (.'liapin 
le.isrd it fiiim I Xi I :; In 1 X( iX, and then il was leased 
I l-'r,iiicis ( arpeiiler, w In 1 ]nirchaseil the ]iri iperty 
m 1X7^^. and lic^.-m nperaliiiL; the mill iiiider ihe 
name nf llu- ( ileiidale Wnnlen I 1 ■. I pmi ihe 
dealh nl .\lr. ( ai-]ieiiler m iXX^. the prnpertx was 
leased li\ inseph \. ( arpcnlcr. Riilu-rl Kershaw. 
and William ( Irrell. Mr. kershaw died 111 ahmit 
iwii \ears .iinl the Inisiness was carriid nil lu the 
twn iillier gentlemen until iXXij, when W illiam 
' irrell. tlu- preseiil pi'i 1] irieti if, ]nircliaseil his |i,-irl 
iier's interest, .Mr, (Irrell li.'is enlari;ed and im- 
prii\ed the mill, adding; lu-w machmerx. lie is ;i 
iiati\e iif 1 la\ w 1 11 111, 1 .,-iiicasliii-e, l-ai>;laiiil, where 
1.1 w.'is liiirii \ii\emher 14. 1 X4X, Me c.ime with 
his |i.-irelils ill \iiieric.-i 111 1X33. lie ll.-is re]ire- 
seiitcd the liiwn 111 llie Sl.ite Isenalc, .iiiil ill nllier 
w,i\s h.-is heeii hiiiinred ,-|s mie nf ihe |inlilic men 



Ij^ 



nii,iii <'-»•■' 



I I.^ 



<k *,*f, 1 

^ !!5in-i.. 



jl* Itl 111 111 ,111 

ii» III *•■ tu ;((■ 




New Mill of ttie Dunn Worsted Co., Woonsocket, R. I. 

i>\ the tnwn, riu- tiist dam acrnss the I'.raiich 
Rixcrat this place w .IS hnill .ilimit 1 7X11 tn n|ieraU' 
.•| saw .-11111 L;rist mill. 



AND l{USINi:SS MKN OF KHODK ISLAND. 



305 



Rhode Island Engraving Co.— Makers of half- 
tone and line cuts ot every description. lousi- 
ness established by Willis /\. Dean on North 
Main street, in 1894, as the R. 1. I'hoto-Kn 
graving Co. This was the first plant of the 
kind established in the State of Rhode Island 
doing engraving by the "photo-process." Mr. 
Dean's business had been that of a commercial 
traveller until about 1893, when he interested 
himself in the photo-gelatine business, where he 
remained for one year prior to beginnitig the 
photo-engraving business on his own account. 
The plant was removed to 206 VVeybosset street, 
I'rovidence, in 1896, the present location, where 



continues to do high class work in the photo- 
engraving line, and they are equipped to fill 
large orders promptly. l'"rederick W. Ferguson, 
who was sent to I'hiladelphia by the company 
to learn the ])hoto-engraving business, now has 
charge of the artistic and mechanical depart- 
ments of the business. Hehas for a number of 
years been an expert designer and draughtsman. 

Eastern Electrotype Co. Makers of electro- 
types and all kind of letter press cuts, including 
wood cuts, line cuts, half-tones, etc. Husiness 
established in 1888 by the master printers of 
I'rovidence, and in 1889 the business was in- 
corporated. Works located at 91 Sabin street. 




James A. Hawes. 

an interest in the business was sold to one or 
two of the prominent master printers of the city 
and State, new machinery was added, and the 
plant became one of the most complete in New 
England, and the volume of business was very 
great. At one time the firm was doing work 
for the United States Government, and for 
many of the large manufacturing concerns of 
the country, the quality of the cuts produced 
being of the highest class. In 1899 the firm 
sold the business and plant to Pardon .S. Rem- 
ington, and the business was incorporated in 
May, 1900, as the Rhode Island I^ngraving Co. 
Soon after Mr. Remington sold his interest in the 
business, and T. R. iMagee was elected President 
and Treasurer of the company, and J. A. Hawes 
the Secretary of the Company, these gentlemen 
still holding those offices. The concern still 



Thomas R. Magee. 

Fmploy about 22 hands. Officers: A. K. Hawes. 
President ; T. R. Magee, Treasurer; J. A, I lawes, 
Secretary. Thomas R. Magee is a native of 
Philadelphia. Pa., where he was born P'ebruary 
12, 1854. 1 le learned the busuiess of an electro 
typer in his nati\e city, where he was engaged 
in se\eral of the large foundries. He was later 
employed in the electrotyjje foundries of Cin 
cinnati, and was at one time the superintendent 
of the Ryan 1 ype I-Oundry of Baltimore, Md. 
I le was later emjiloyed by the University Press 
and H. C. Whitcomb & Co., of Boston, the 
latter concern being one of the largest electro- 
tyjiing foundries of the country. Mr. Magee 
was engaged to take charge of the Providence 
foundry, and under his management the Fastern 
I'^lectrotype P'ountiry has become one of the most 
successful iii New Fngland. In March, 1S94, 



;uo 



nux.KAriiK'AL iiisujKV OF 1 1 1 !•: MAxii'Ac 1 1 ri;ks 



Mr. Magce. together with .\. K. and J. A. Hawcs. 
l)urcliasc(l tlie L'lUire stock ol the coniiiany, who 
are tlie |)resent owners ol the business, the 
original name being relainetl. The coni])aiiy do 
electrotyi)ing for all parts of the country, and 
theii" recent iinproNeinents in the line ol new 
machinery enables Iheni to do work much more 
rai)idly than before, which is very much apjire- 
ciated by the ])rinters ol New I-".ngland. James 
A. llawes, the Secretary ot the comjiany, was 
born in I'roviilcnce, J une 2, iSjj. lie learned 
the engraving business, and after working at 
his trade for a few years, he purchased a jiart of 
the stock of the corporation, and was elected 
Secretary in iiS94, which ]:)osition he has held 
ever since. Ills knowletlge ot engraving has 
been of great benelit to the company, that de- 
partment being fully as extensive as the electro- 
typing department. The workturnedout by this 
company is of the best and highest grade that 
can be made. 

Union Oil Co. — Manufacturers of cotton seed 
oil Business established in 1S55. Works lo- 
cated at J39 Tockwotton street, I'rovidence. 
Lyman Klap]), w^ho was the originator of the 
business, was born in Westhampton, Mass., in 
1827, and (lied in 1 iSSij. In 1.S54 he perfected 
the ])rocess of retining the oil taken from cot- 
ton seed, and he turned his inventions over to 
the I'nion ( >il C"o. upfin its organization in 
1.S55. He had completed machinery for hulling 
the cotton seed and for treating it in other ways 
]ire[)aratory to the refining ])rocess, and the 
works have turned out immense tjuantities of 
oil since thebeginning,enlargingtheir plantfrom 
time to time to meet the increase of Ijusiness. 

Barstow Stove Co. — Manufacturers of stoves, 
ranges and furnaces. ]?usiness established in 
I.S36 by Amos C. Barstow, who made the busi- 
ness a complete success with the assistance of 
his son, Amos C . 15arstow, Jr., who is now the 
Treasurer and .Manager of the com])any. The 
business was incorporated in 1S59. In 1900 the 
.Spicer Stove Co., who had manufactured the 
".Model (irand" range, went out of existence so 
far as the old name was concerned, and their 
business was merged into that of the ]5arstow 
.■-^tove Co. This is now the only stove foun<iry 
in the city. The [)lant is a \ery extensive one 
and is located on I'oint street. I'rovidence 
Their productions are the best made in this 
country. 



Woonsocket Napping Machine Co.- Manufac- 
turers of n.qipers loi cotton ,md woolen goods, 
cloth linishing machinery, shearing machines, 
l)rushing machines, fulling machines, wool 
openers, etc. Business established in 1894 and 
incor|)or.ited the same year. Capitalized for 
S4o,ooo. Mmploy 40 hands. Works located on 
Orchard avenue, Woonsocket, R. I. Officers: 
I. II, C.reene, President; II. S. (ireene, Treas- 
urer; Ceo. W. (ireene, Secretary ; 1 1. .S, Greene, 
Jr., (ieneral Manager. Power supplied from an 
ICrie engine of 40-horse power. 

Corliss Steam Engine Works.— (International 
.\ir Power Co.) The business of the Corliss 
.Steam Engine Co. was begun by Ceorge H. 
Corliss about 1S46 in comi^any with John Bar 
stow and l{. J. Nightingale, under the firm 
name of Corliss, Nightingale & Co., and Mr. 
Corliss brought out his first complete steam en- 
gine, which was to re\olutionize the engine 
making of the world, in 1848, receiving his pat- 
ents the following year. The business was 
later incorporated as the Corliss Steam ICngine 
Co. The works that cover an area of some five 
or si.x acres were begun in 1858, and ha\e been 
enlarged from time to time as the increase of 
business required. Probably no inventor has 
received UKjre medals for his productions than 
Mr. Corliss received for his new steam engine. 
He has even received a medal from an exposi- 
tion where he had not made an exhibit of his 
engine, but it was given on account of other e.x- 
hibits that contained in jxirt Mr. Corliss's inven- 
tion, anil to him the committee awarded the 
medal, instead of to the e.xhibitors. Mr. Corliss 
was born in I^aston, N. Y., June 2, 1817, and 
came to l'ro\idence in 1844. In 1868, 1869 and 
1870 Mr. Corliss represented North Providence 
in the State Senate, and 1876 he was chosen 
Presidential elector on the Hayes ticket. One 
of his greatest triumphs in business wa.s the 
making of the Centennial engine, which pro- 
videil ])ower for the entire plant that was in- 
stalled in Machinery Hall at Philadelphia, Pa., 
when the Centennial I'^xposition was hekl there 
in 1870. This immense engine was made at an 
ex|)ense of over Sioo.ooo, and it was one of the 
most wonderful sights of the entire exhibition. 
After Mr. Corliss's death the business was 
carried along for a inimber of years under the 
original name. The jjropert)' is now ow'iied bv 
tlie International Air Power Co. wliich corpora- 
tion is still carrying on the manufacture of 
steam engines, along with other specialties. 



SOS 



HKX.KAI'llK AI, IIIS1()R\- OF Till'; M A X T I'ACl T K l-RS 



Pawtuckel Foundry Company. — \lakri~ nf m Ww Fiit^laml, ilu ir^nli lu-iiij; an iniincnsc 

all kiiul> 111 ii'Mi ami l)ra>^ ca>liiiL;>. l'.u>iiK>> ]iatiMiiaL;r fiiiiii all |iail-- > if tlu- <Mniiti\. I'ldsi- 

r-.tal>lislui! Ill iSc)- a> llic \ iiloaii liinndrx' C.O. (Uiut ami I 'aw t lukcl liciiii; In-. |iriiici|)al tu-lu 

aihl iiu'i u-p, iralnl llu- >aiiir \ var willi a ia|iilal- 1 here is pnihaliK no belter ci|iiippe(i 

i/alii'ii 111' Sim I, ( II 111, 111 mm Mr. I nil A. Iniiinlrx in llic iiiiiiiti\ I'l n' iluiiiu; li'-;lil ami 

I 111 iiiias. I il \\ 1 11 iii~i K'krl , wliiiliail luTii III llu- lu-a\ \ ca^liii^^ than llir |ilam iiwiinl li\ tlu- 

liiuiiilr\ liii--iiic^^ tiir --iiim- ic-ii \ rar-. la-i ir 1 'aw uu-krl 'inimlrs ( 1 1. Slartnl. a^ it \va-, 

i;aiii/ril llu- lui^iiir^> mnlrr tin- iiaiiR- iil tlu inilx a tew \rar^ a^ii, mi iiiiiiu\ w a-- --paia-il in 

I'awtm-kit liiiimli\ i Mnipaii\, ami >laitril up ]irii\iiK- tlu- tiiii--l iiu ulrni iiiacliiiunw aiul a]i 

llu liiiiiiiliy iimki llu iilil cliancf, llu- \ ill pliamx> llial rmilil lir liini^ht. ami llu- t'iiiimlr\ 

can 1 iiiimlr\ t n, hail rln-^cil up 1 iii~iiu-v>, >( i hiiililins; was en-cU-il alur tlu iiiii..t apprma-il 

thai tlu n uu-i-iii hail Im lu-i;iii ami wi irk up iiu-iIuhIs Inr |iitiiulr\ wurk. Siuh a plan! 

an imh-priiih-ii! tiailr, ami llu- onterpri--i.- has eiialih--. llu- iiiana<^i-r In ]iii--h hi-. liiisiiu--.~ 



liiTii ^11 smrv's^liil 
iiiuk-r Mr. 'riinmas's 
nianam-nu-nt that an 
adililimi nl (i.O'ki 
xpiare U-et is tii In 
iuiilt til iiu-rl llu- \ 111 
iinu- 111 hiisiiu-ss 111 
liaml. llu- I it'fu-rrs 1 1! 
tlu- ci iinpany are : 
l-.iiw ard Siliit h. 1 'resi 
'1 e n 1 ; h r r il A. 
rill Unas. Irc-a'-iiri-r 

;iml Seerelarx. Tlu- 
ei)in|)aii\ will i,-iii|ilii\ 
ahoiil 75 hands. 

Mr. 'riuimas. tin- 
< lemral .\1 .i ii.il; rr if 
t hr n inip.in \ . w a-- 
liririi in \\ i h uisi icket , 
l\. 1,. .\la\ Hi. iS(,4 
ifi- ei iinph-tril 111- 
i-dm-atinii 111 tlu 
l-'riend-. Silnml nf 
I'rmideiu'e and tlu- 
.\la--saehiisetts Insti- 




Fred A. Thomas. 



;ilu-ad nf llu- nld-fash- 
H Hu-d ccjiioeriis. w hnsc 
nu-thiids and appli- 
aiuTS ari- i ilisnh-tr. 
l-(-\v t-(iiu'eriis in tlu- 
St.itc lia\T ni;ide tlu- 
r.ipid jiri iL;ri--ss that 
till- iiiiniiain ha- 
iii.nh- diiriniL; mie 
\ car's e.xperieiire. and 
tlu- eredit fill- thi- 
^riiwth I- dill' til llic 
caiTiul ni.iii.iL^i-nu-nt 
1 h.'il .\1 r. 1 hiiinas lia- 
^u I n the hiisiness. 

The fiiiiiulrx- is In- 
i. It 111 i.in the .\ . N -. 
\ 11. \: 11. kailm.id. 
aliii-it a li;ilf iiiih- 
-I ml h wl 1 )arliiiL;li ui. 
in the i-tl\ 111 I'aw- 
liirkcl, w-liii-h alfiiriN 
e\ ery ei m \ xnuiu't.- tor 
r<-(-i'i viiiL; -tipplu-- ,111(1 
shipping; tluif lu-a\_N 



liile iif I ecliiii ill iu;\ . .\ft<-r leaxni.L; --chiml lu- e.-isl iti^s. ;iti exUn-ixi ^wilih ha\iiiL; lu-eii put 

i-nU-red tin- < lintiui ,\lill, <if W i h m^i lokel . in f< ir tlu- ^pn-tal .-11-1-111111111111,-1111111 mI llu- 

wlu-r(- hi- t,-illui- was ,\i;rnl. ami reiiiaiiu-d Inr liiiinilr\ 

.•iliiiiit fiiiir \ ears. Ilr tlu-ii nr^ani/ed tlu- 1-. The |ilaiit i'- -iipplud with 1i,l;1i1 ,iml pnwer 

,\. 'riiiiiii;is .Mai'him- (n., nf \\ m m-i ukrl . in finin tlu- I'awtmkrt l-'.Kelrie ( n., which 

l.'^ijl. In iii;iiinf,-irl ilfi- enllnii and wnnU-ii ma n|Ki-ate- -i-\ i-i'al iimtni- in llu- ainnitnt nl 4(1 

eliiiier\-. In 1 Xw.^ lu- ^nlil hi- iiitrri.--t in ihe hnr-c- pnwrr. and .-in ti]iru;lit ImiKi- -iip|ilies 

ennipaiu and reiiiaiiu-d ;i- llu- ( u-iu-i-,-il .Man- sti-;nii Inr llu- IiciIiiil; nl llu- wnrks. 
a^rr iiiilil mni, tlu- naiiu- ha\ iii^; ln-iii iham^ed The Innmlrv i^ Iniili nl hriek, twn >tnries in 

In the * il\ Imn lnundr\. \ltrr li-a\-iiiu; thi^ frnnl, the iiiiildiiiL; mnni in tlu- re,ir heiiiL;- niu- 

]>l;u-i- he re- r-t ,-ilili-lu-d tlu- Ini-ine-- nl tlu- -tiir\, Jim U-rt Imu; li\ 1 « 1 tirt widr. the enre 

\ uleaii Inttndrx ( n.. a-- alii-.uU -latcd. and rnniii, liiinaie rnniii .-ind -tnrai^r i-Menilini; 

the rniil]>leti.- ei|iiipnu-nt ui llu- ]ilant lu'i^ en- almiL; the switch. The ;ieci itiip,-iny Iiil; cut 

.-diu-d him to cmniiele with llu- lies] fmimlries L;i\e- .'i t;niid idc.-i nf tlu- eMiiit nl llu- pkinl. 



AND 15USINKSS MEN OF RllOUK ISLAND. 



309 



which is one of the many enterprises that are 
a decided credit to the State of Rhode Ishmd. 

New England Electrolytic Copper Co. — The 

electrolytic production of copper. Business es- 
tablished, under the supervision of H. R. Caul- 
field, in 1892. Works located at the junction of 
the Worcester and Boston lines of the N. Y., N. 
II. & H. R. R. Co., at Central Falls, R. 1. At 
the beginning the works produced 2,000 pounds 
per day, but the plant has been increased so 
that now over 75,000 pounds of copper are 
turned out daily. Business incorporated in 



anon mill. S Willard Thayer is now the man- 
ager of the business. 

NarragaHsett Machine Co. — Manufacturers of 
light machinery, gymnastic apparatus, lockers, 
and bowling alleys. Jkisiness established in 
1882. Incorporated in 1889. Works located at 
WoodJawn, in the city of Fawtucket. Two new 
buildings have just been completed this year of 
igoi, that doubles the capacity of the works, 
which are situated on the N. Y., N. II. & H. R. 
R., a spur track running into the mill yard. 

Rhode Island Card Board Co. — Manufacturers 




Pawtucket Foundry Co. Plant, Pawtucket, R. I. 



1892 under the present name, Lewisohn Bros, 
of New York, holding the controlling interest. 
Some 200 men are employed. 

Lebanon Mill Co. — Manufacture knit goods; 
60 knitting machines. Business originally es- 
tablished in 1828 in Pawtucket, R. I , where the 
works are now located, as a yarn mill. The 
jiresent name was adopted in i86g, at which 
time the business was carried on by Fdward 
Thayer, son of Alanson Thayer, who Inrnierly 
carried on the business under the firm name of 
Alanson Thayer & Son. Before that tune K. 
B. Gage & Co. were doing business in the I.eh- 



of lithographic stock, printers', engravers', and 
photographers' cards, and stereoscopic mounts. 
Works at 105 Exchange street, Pawtucket, R. 
I. Business established in 1844. Incorjjorated 
m 1886. One of the largest plants of the kind 
in New I'.ngland. 

Dexter Yarn Co. — Manufacturers of cotton 
\arns. Business established by Capt. X. G. B. 
De.xter in 1820. He was succeeded by his sons 
who ado|)ted the name of the Dexter Yarn Co. 
The knitting yarns made by this Pawtucket con- 
cern were considered for years the best on the 
market. 



;io 



lUi)(.K.\rill( AL IIISTORN ol- IIIM MAN L' l'.\( 1 L'RllRS 



Blodgett & Orswell Co. Manufacturers of 1 8S7 tlie business was incorporated as tlie Hlod- 

j;la/e(i varns ant! spool cottoii. lousiness estab i;ett & < )rs\veli Co. The [jrescnt otiicers are: 
lislied bv lulwaid < i. Hlodirett and 1'.. W. Ors lulnumd W ( )rs\vell. Treasurer; William W. 





■■:;:■ 




. ... ^ 




\: >; 




^^fs/^^^^^^^^^^^^ 


i 

\ 


'^^w« 


1 


'""'Sr ^^^^^1 


1 


.Jl-^^ ...ZSB 




I 




Edmund W. Orswell. William W. Orswell. 

well, January 1, 1 S.S5. their works at that time ( )rswell, Secretary. Manufacturing |)lant lo- 
lieiiig located on Haylev street, I'awtucket. In cated on I^'ront street, I'awtucket, on the Hlack- 




"'*^***^-..-. 



-^ 



Pawtuikft DyeinR and Bleaching Co. Plant, Pawtutket, R. I. 



AND HUSINP:SS men of KHoDK ISI.AMJ. 



ill 



stone river, next to the Harrison Yarn and Dye- 
ing Co. works. The business increased so rap- 
idly the works on Bayley street were found too 
small, and the present extensive plant was 
erected, which is one of the largest in tiie 
State. 

In 1889 the Hlodgett & Orswell Co. estab- 
lished the I'awtucket Dyeing and Bleaching Co. 
which was incorporated the same year, where 
they carry on the dyeing and bleaching of cot- 
ton yarn and stockinet. An extensive business 



was educated in the public schools, and after 
leaving the high school of Lonsdale, R. I., 
he became bookkeeper for the firm of N. I'. 
Hicks & Co., and remained with this firm and 
its successors in that capacity until 1883. In 
1884 the firm was incorporated as the li. 
Jenckes Mfg. Co., and Mr. Orswell became its 
Secretary, remaining until he joined with Mr. 
Blodgett in 1885 in the manufacture of glazed 
yarn, which was the beginning of the present 
large business. In 1894 Mr. Blodgett, who was 




Blodgett & Orswell Co. 

is done at both of these plants. The dyeing 
and bleaching works are located at the extreme 
eastern section of the city. We print herewith 
an excellent cut of both plants, which gives a 
fair idea of their tlimensions. The officers of 
the Blodgett & Orswell Co. also serve in the 
same capacity for the i'awtucket Dyeing 
& Bleaching Co. 

Edmund W. Orswell, the Treasurer of the 
corporations, is a native of \'alley Falls, R. I., 
where he was born December 11, 1849. He 



Plant, Pawtucket, R. I. 

the President of the company, died, but the 
business was continued under the management 
of Mr. Orswell, who has developed one of the 
most important industries in Rhode Island. 

William W. Orswell, son of I'.dmund W. Ors- 
well, who is the Secretary of both companies, is 
a nati\e of I'awtucket, R. I., where he was born 
January 6, 1874. He is thoroughly versed in 
all of the departments of the business, giving 
his father valuable aid in the management of 
the works. 



>I2 



lU()(,k.\l'llI('Al. HISTORY Ol- Till'. M AN U I'ACTU K I:RS 



Rogers Screw Co. - Mamitacturers ot steel, 
brass and hroii/e wood screws lUisiness estab 
lished in 1S99 by the former President, Suiier- 
intendent. Asst. Superintendent, Secretary and 
C'onnsel ol the American Screw (_'o. Incorpor 
ated the same year as the Rogers Screw Co., 
with an authorized capital of ^230,000. Works 
located on At well's avenue, I'rovidence. 
The olficers of the corporation are: ( )lney Ar- 
nold, Treasurer; llenry R. Roj^ers, .Superinten- 
dent. I'ower for the jilant is furnished by a 
(Ireene eni;inc and an auxiliary electric supply. 

Clyde Bleach and Print Works. (.S. 11. (ireene 
i\: .Sons ( iirpoiation.) — l?leachers, dyers and 



partnership, and later the business was incor- 
porated. 

Providence Stock Co. -— Manufacturers of 
rolled plate chains, silver novelties, chain brace- 
lets, lorgnettes, ladies' and gents' gold chains, 
gold scarf pins, and brooches. Works located 
in the .S. & B. Lederer Building at 100 Stewart 
street, I'rovidence. 

R. I. Malleable Iron Works. — Manufacturers 

ot .dl kinds ot malleable iron and steel castings. 
Business establisiied in Hdl's (irove, R. I., in 
1867. Thomas |. llillwasthe prime mover in 
the enterprise and the lirst president of the 
company. 




Rogers Screw Co. Wortcs, Providence, R. I. 



I)rinters. Works located at Clyde, R. 1. Busi- 
ness established in i.S^i by .Simeon II. Greene 
and a Mr. I'ike, who may have been the Kdward 
I'ike, from Sterling, Conn , who was managing 
a bleachery for the ( rom]ilon Comjiany in 1<SJ3, 
which was run in connection with their cotton 
mill. .Mr. I'ike died in 1S4J, and in 1.S45 Mr. 
Creene purchased his late partner's interest 
from tlie heirs. The works ha\'e been enlarged 
trom time to titne to meet the increase of busi- 
ness, until at ])resent they are one of the 
largest dyeing and bleaching ])lants ui the 
.State. The printing (le]iaitment was added in 
1X70, when se\X'n ])iinting machines were m 
o])eration .Mr. Creene took his f(iui' sons into 



J M. Carpenter Tap and Die Co. — Manu- 
facturers of taps and dies. Business established 
in 1S70. Incorporated in iSgi. Works located 
in W (Hidlawn, I'awtucket, on the tracks of the 
\ \ , \. II \- II R R. Business founded by 
J. .M. Caiiienter, who is I'resident and Treasurer 
lit the corporation. 

Barr Bros. — I'.rass and iron lounders. .All 
kintls of light and heavy castings. I<"oundry 
located at 38 Privilege street, W'nonsocket, R. 
I, ne.ir the Harris Privilege Mill, now the 
l.awton .Sjiinning Co. 

Valley Falls Co. Manufacturers of shirtings. 
.Mill located at X'alley h'alls, R. I. lupiipped 
with SiJ looms, .^3,000 s|)indles. 



AND BUSINESS MEN UE KHuDE ESEANlJ. 



313 



Charles E. Angell. — Manufacturer of special 
machinery and te|)air parts for Armington & 
Sims engines. The business was established 
in 1885 under the firm name of Simeon Hud- 
long & Co., manufacturers of belt hooks. Mr. 
liudlong's interest was purchased by Mr. Angell 
in 1891 and he immediately added machinery 
and made general machine work his s])ecialty. 
In March, [goo, he purchased all the records, 
drawings, patterns and engine parts of the 
Armington & Sims Co., and the Eastern 
Engine Co., and sold the belt hook business, 
devoting his whole attention to his machine 
business. 

Mr. Angell is a native of Providence, where 
he was born May 4, 1865. After leaving school 
he entered the machine business and followed 
from one position to another through shop and 
office till he formed a partnership with Mr. Hud- 
long, January 7, 1885, for the manufacture of 
belt hooks. Since assuming the full control of 
the business in 1891, the business has steadily 
grown and additional floor space and machinery 
has constantly been added : older tools have 
been replaced by more modern ones and 
the entire equipment kept up to the great pro- 
gress of the machinists' trade. At the present 
time his shop is completely filled with the most 
modern machine and small tools, also the many 
special tools and fixtures for work on the Arm- 
ington & Sims engines, and as additional floor 
space is again a necessity, he contemplates 
soon moving into new c|uarters designed es- 
pecially for his work, adding more and heavier 
machinery, and commence again building the 
engines, the design having been brought up to 
date and the necessary new patterns made to 
make the engines a leader of the foremost rank 
of high speed engines, a position which the Arm- 
ington & Sims held in its earlier days. Besides 
owning all the records, patterns, etc., of the 
Armington & Sims engines he still further has 
a great advantage in making repairs on these 
engines as he has in his employ many of the 
old hands of the company who had knowledge 
and charge of the different departments, which 
insures a thoroughness and e.\[)ediency not at- 
tainable by those not thoroughly familiar with 
the work. All parts of the engines which are 
liable to breakage or wear are carried in stock 
and any repairs can be made with the least possi- 
ble delay. 



As the building of these engines was not 
long ago one of the important industries of 
Providence a brief history of its development 
may not be out of place: The building of these 
engines was first begun in Lawrence, Mass., and 
were of the portable type and the first engine 
was delivered August 29, 1878. The first sta- 
tionary engine was delivered March 26, 1880, 
and was installed in a paper mill in East Pep- 
jierell, Mass. About 1881 the business was 
transferred to Providence and in June of that 
year their first direct connected type of engine 
w^as built. This engine had a cylinder 12" by 
12" and was run at a speed of 350 revolutions 
per minute. This engine was direct-connected 
to an Edison dynamo and e.xhibited at the 
Paris E.xposition. So far as we can learn 
this was the first successful high speed 
engine for such use, and it gave very 
good results and the indicator cards showed 
excellent steam distribution. This engine 
never was returned to this country but was 
used for some time in the (irand Opera House, 
Paris, and the last known it was in successful 
operation in Amsterdam. 

About 1887 the company established a large 
plant on Eagle street and carried on a success- 
ful business for a number of years. In 1897 the 
business passed into the hands of a committee 
and was transferred to the I'.astern Engine Co., 
who continued for about two years, but finally 
closed the plant. In all about 4,000 engines 
were built and the greater [lart of them are now 
in operation and the very few that are to be 
found in the second-hand market is good proof 
of the success the engines are giving. 

Mr. Angell's shop is located at 21 Eddy 
street and is one of the best equipped shops in 
Providence. 

Newport Manufacturing Co. — Manufacturers 
of special machinery, fine tools, instruments, 
torpedo accessories, electro-plating, etc. Office 
located at 480 Thames street, Newport, R. I., 
works on South Baptist street. Thomas J. 
Moriarty, President and Manager; John T. 
Regan, Secretary and Treasurer. 

North Scituate Cotton Mills. — Manufacturers 
of screen cloth. Eactory located in North 
Scituate, R. I. 

United States Knitting Co. — Manufacturers of 
knit goods. Works located in Central Ealls, R. 
I. Geori^e L. Miller, Treasurer. 



;i4 



HUxiRAI'llK \I. 



ISlom- ol- Till-. MAM'lAi rL'RI-;RS 



Interlaken Mills. — Manutactmeis ot book 
cloths, lliillaiul shades, etc. The yiey cloth is 
\vt)ven by the company anil then tinished into 
book cloths of all color.s and desi;;n.s. lUisiness 
established orij^inally by James l)e\\'olfin 1809, 
when the Aik\vrif;ht Mill was built, the business 
beint;' carried on underthenameof the Arkwright 
Manulactuiinn Co., who maiuitactuied cotton 
cloth. This mill was purchased by the coni- 
IKiny that was incor|iorated as the Interlaken 
Mills in iS.Sj, the incorporation papers being 
secured in May ot that )ear. Ca[)itali/ation ot 
5400,000. This com|)any proceeded to build a 
dye house and bleach 
ery on the east side of 
the I'awtu.xet river, the 
Ark Wright Mill being 
situatetl on the west 
bank of that stream 
These latter works 
have been enlarged 
from time to time as 
the business increased, 
until now the\- are 
very extensive, being- 
one of the largest 
plants of its kind in 
the .State. Here all of 
the goods wo\en by 
the other mills are 
bleached, dyed and fin- 
ished. In Ma)-, 1900, 
the mills of the 1 larris 
.Manufacturing Co., of 
Harris, R. 1., were pur- 
chased by the Inter- 
laken Mills, and the 
large stone mill, which 
was built in 1S51), h.is been enlarged by an ex- 
tensive atldition to the main portion ol the mill. 
A large [jortion dl ihe old machinery h.is been 
re|)laced by new and modern machinery, until 
now the plant is running ju.ono s|)indles ami 
,;5r) forty six inch looms. It is here in this mill 
that most of the grey cloths are woven which 
are finished in the mill at .Xrkwright. The 
other mill th.il w.is piirch.ised bv thecom|iany is 
situated on tlie I'.iwtiixet river at Harris, and is 
one of the older mills of this section, being 
built in i.Sjj. 'I'his mill is not made use of at 
present. The business of the Harris Manufac- 
turing Co. was established b\- Co\. bllisha Ilar- 




Edward C BuckUn. 



lis, who built both ot the mills in the years 
designated, the business being carried on under 
his supervision for many years. (Jov. Henry 
Howard succeeded (!ov. Harris as the President 
of the company, and Mr. Hucklin was for many 
years the Treasurer. The mill |)rivilege at Ark 
wright affords water [)ower to the e.xtent of 600- 
horse powerthroughone turbine, and an au.xiliary 
steam ])lant provides 200-liorse power through a 
Corliss engine, 'ihe company em[)lo)- in the 
three nulls some 55CJ hands. The officers ot 
the company are: Aaron I,. ( )rdway, President ; 
i'jlward C Iiiicklin. .Secretary and Treasurer. 

Ixlward C Bucklin, 
the .Secretary and 
Treasurer of the com 
pany, is a native of 
Brooklyn, IS'. Y., where 
he was born in August, 
1S50. After leaving 
school he lived in Col- 
orado for two years, on 
the frontier, and be- 
came a member of the 
(Jovernor's (iuard of 
Denver, in 1871. He 
was in the city of New 
York for a year and a 
half in a commission 
house, and later re 
ceived a practical train- 
ing in a cotton mill. 
In 1877 he was elected 
the treasurer of the 
I larris Manufacturing 
Co., and elected to the 
same ofTice in the .\rk- 
wright Manufacturing 
Co. in 1878. In i88j he was elected treasurer 
of the Interlaken Mills, the latter lieing a reor 
g,ini/ation ot the Arkwright Manufacturing Co , 
and he is at luesent the .Secretary and Treasurer 
of that company. lie is X'icel'resident of the 
I'l I ividencc Land and Wh.iif Co., a director of 
the l>,mk of North .\merica. and is |irominently 
iciiincctcd with a number (.)f other business en- 
terprises. The Interlaken .Mills which are car- 
ried on under his management, are among the 
most im])ortant of our Rhode Island iiulustries 
The cloth covers of this book were made at 
these mills .and the\' re[n"esent a vers durable 
and .iltractixe line 



AM) imSINKSS MI-;\ OK RIIODK ISLAND. 



j'j 




Finishing Works of the Inlerlalien Mills, Arkwright, R. I. 




Harris Mill, Interlaken Mills, Harris, R. I. 



3"'> 



l^IOGkAI'llRAL llISroKV OI' Till-; MAN LFACTLK l-.KS 



Reynolds Mfg. Co. .Maiuit;uturcrs of uiiidii 
cassimercs. Mill locatctl at Davisville, North 
Kiii,i;.stown. K . 1. i'lie first woolen maiiufac 
tnriiig ot this |)larc was carried on by Ivra and 
Jeflrey Davis, iiiidcr the tiriii name ot !■;. ^v |. 
l)a\'is, which was begun in iXi i. |effre)' Uavis 
was the lather of VVilliani I). Davis, who was 
one of the incor|K)rators ol the ( Miidnick Mfg. 
Co, and the grandfather of Jeffrey Davis, the 
President of the ( Jiiidnick Mfg. Co. 

E. Kenyon & Son. - Manufacturers of fancy 
cassimeres. Mill located at Kenyon, town of 
Richmond, R. I. 'i'he mill is one of the most 
attractive of any in the State. 



Elizabeth Mills. — Manufacturers of cotton 
goods. Business established about i<S75 by 
'I'homas J. Hill. Mill at Hill's Grove, R I. 
One of the most attractive mills in the State. 
Officers: William C. I'eirce, President; W. C. 
James, Treasurer. y\Iso carry on a cotton mill 
at Ivast ('.reenwich, R. I. 

Grosvenordale Co. - Manutacturers of handker- 
chiefs. P'actory located in ilast i'rovidence, R. 
I. ]5usiness established about i ,S(jo. The same 
com[)any have one of the largest factories in 
New luigland at North (irosvenordale. Conn. 

Coventry Co.— Manufacturers of cotton goods 
tor sheetings The mill is ec|ui|)[)ed with nearly 




Arkwright IVIill, Interlaken Mills, 

Carolina Mills Co. Manufacturers of fancy 
cassimeres. The mill cont.iins some 40 broad 
looms and eight sets of cards. .Mills located at 
("arolina, in the town of Richmond, R. I, When 
the business was begun in iSdS, William Tink- 
ham, his brother ICllison Tinkham, and !•". Met- 
calf constituted the companv. William Tink- 
ham sold his interest in the business in 1.S76. 

Albion Co. Manufacturers of cotton goods. 
Mills located in Albion, in the town of Lincoln, 
R. I. J. II. and J. Chacc, iiropiietors. Mill 
equipped with i.)},j looms, 40,000 sjjindles. ( )ne 
<if the best ot water privileges, and a mod- 
ern mill, well e(|ui]j|)ed with tlie latest ma 
chiiierv. 



Arkwright, R. I. 1 .See payc ;i4. 1 

a thousand looms, and nearly 40,000 spindles. 
II. L. Straight, Superintendent. Mill located 
at Anthony, in the town of Co\entry, K. I. 
< )ne of the most substantial mills in the .State, 

Nichols & Langworthy Machine Co. Manu 
factiu'ers of horizontal and vertical steam en- 
gines, hi.gh speed. .\lso manufacture the 
\\ nrthington water tube sectional steam boiler. 
WOrks located in Hope X'alley, R. I. Incorpor- 
ated. A. (i. Nichols, President; II. C. Nichols, 
Treasurer 

Charles A. Mann. — Manufacturer of jewelers' 
lathes, engine lathes, hand lathes, foot power 
lathes, side rests, cutting-olf lests, etc. Works 
located at 16C Dovle a\cnue, I'rovidence. 



AND HUSINKSS MICN Ol" RIIODl'. ISLAND. 



ji/ 



Finishing Works.— William Wanton Duniiell, 
Apponauj^, K. I. Bleaching, dyeing and printing. 
The accompanying cut shows one of the most 
extensive dyeing, bleaching and printing plants 
in the State of Rhode Island, and the additions 
and improvements which are to be made very 
soon will make it one of the most complete 
establishments of its kind in New England. 
Mr. Dunnell and his father brought the Dunnell 
Print Works of Pawtucket up to their present 
state of perfection, which are known throughout 



Henry F. Jenks. — Manufacturer of builders' 
hardware and drinking fountains. Business es- 
tablished in 1870. His drinking fountains are 
in use in a large number of the towns and cities 
throughout New England. They are made so 
as to accommodate dogs, horses and pedestrians, 
and are very simple in construction. Works lo- 
cated on l^ayley street, Pawtucket. Employs 
10 hands. Mr. Jenks is a native of Pawtucket, 
where he was born May 12, 1837. He also 
manufactures other specialties in iron and steel. 




> 1 1 II mil 1 1 
11 Hl'lWu 











Finishing Works, William Wanton Dunnell, Apponaug, R. I. 

office 



the country as one of the most complete plants 
in America. They are now owned by the U. S. 
Finishing Co., and are known as the Dunnell 
Branch. The l-'inishing Works at Apponaug 
will undoubtedly become as famous for their 
high class work as the Dunnell works of Paw- 
tucket. Rhode Island has become a leader in 
the finishing of cotton goods, there being several 
plants that are counted the largest in their line 
in the country, and the Apponaug i)lant is one 
of the most extensive and complete. 



and 



mill purposes. 



including stools for 
park settees, etc. 

S. & B. Lederer. — Manufacturers of rolled 
plate and electro-plated jewelry. Buttons and 
chains their specialty. Works located at the 
corner of Stewart and Conduit streets, Provi- 
dence. ( )ne of the largest plants in the city 
devoted to the manufacture of jewelry. 

Ashland Co. — Manufacturers of sheetings. 
Works located at South .Scituate, R. I. The 
mill contains 100 looms, and 3,000 spindles. 



il.S 



HRXiK.M'lIll Al, 1II>I()UV ol- 



III-. M.wii'Ac rrkj'ks 



Hope Webbing Co. .Mamilacturcrs nf narrow 
woven fabrics, elastic and nun-elastic in cotton. 
woolen and silk, which arc used tor boot 
and shoe slrajjs, blanket and c.irpet biiulings, 
hat l)ands. dress stays, tlress trimmings, hose 
supi)orters, electrical apparatus and for many 
other purposes, business established in iScS^ 
by Charles Sisson and Oscar A. .Steere on 
.Sprague street, Trovidence. incorporated in 
i88y. C'apitali/.eil for SjOO.OOO. ( )Hice, 1005 
Main street. Officers: He/ekiah Conant, Presi- 
ilent ; Charles Sisson, Treasurer; Willis II. 
White, Secretary and Assistant Treasurer; ( )s- 
car A. Steere, Superin 
tendent. The new 
works in I'awtucket 
were begun in iSSy 
and the machinery was 
moved from Sprague 
street in 1890. The 
lirst section of the fac 
tory was built on 
I.arned street, dim en 
sions 2 JO feet in length. 
So feet in width, with 
an ell 60 feet square. 
Additions were made 
of substantially the 
same dimensions in 
1892, 1895 and 1S99. 
The works have been 
built entirely around 
I.arned street which 
now constitues a court 
enclosed by the factory. 
The factory covers 
about 1 50,000 st|uare 
feet of floor space. 
There are two stories in the front and rear with 
connecting weave sheds of one story in height. 
The buildings are ot brick ot most ajiprovetl 
ccjnstruction and the plant is ecpupiied with all 
modern imjirovements. The gre;iter jiart of 
the machinery has been built fiom special tie- 
signs of the Superinten<lent, ( >scar .\. Steere. 
I''ully 600 i)eoi)le are em|)loyed ofierating 416 
broad looms and accessory m.ichinei)'. This is 
one of the most substatuial textile lactories 
in the .State. Power is supplietl wholly by 
steam to the extent of about .jon-horse power. 
( )ne Corliss engine ot 300-horse power turnishes 
power for the works and two smaller en<rines 




Charles Sisson. 



sujjply power tor the electric lighting plant and 
other jjurposes. 

lle/ekiah Conant. President of this company, 
has taken an active interest in the [promotion of 
the enterprise since its removal to I'awtucket- 
.\ sketch of his life is given elsewhere in this 
work. 

Charles Sisson, Treasurer of the company, is 
a native of Coventry, K. I., where he was born 
.September 7, 1X47, He is descended on his 
mother's sitie from Perez Peck, who was very 
])roininent in the building of cotton machinery 
and the develo])ment of cotton manufacturing in 

the Pawtuxet \'alley 
early in the last cen- 
tury. Mis father, Asa 
Sisson, was for many 
years a well known 
builder of cotton ma 
chinery at Anthony, 
K. I. Charles Sisson 
graduated from the 
l-'rientls' school. Provi- 
dence, in 1866, and im- 
mediately engageil with 
\aughan is; Greene, 
who were then starting 
the manufacture of 
webbing at Hamilton, 
R. I., remaining with 
them ami their suc- 
cessors, the Hamilton 
Web Company, until 
1883. In that year he 
removed to Providence 
and established busi- 
ness on his own ac- 
count in compan\- with 
< iscar A. Steere, under the firm name of the 
Hope Webbing Company, starting with ten 
looms on .S|irague street in that city. The busi- 
ness has had a steady growth until at present it 
is the largest mill of its kind in the I'niteii 
.States, showing a remarkable increase in the 
|)ast eighteen years. Mr. Sisson was the active 
mo\'er in the establishment of the enterprise 
and li;is li.id general charge of the office busi- 
ness and tin.uues from its incc|)tion to the 
])resent time. 

< Iscar .\. .'-^teere, .Su])erintcndcnt ol the 
works, is a native of O.xford, Mass., where he 
was born July 22, 1S50. During his early child- 



AND lU'SINKSS .MKX OF KIloDl-: ISLAND. 



319 



hood his i^arents removed to Hamilton, K. I., 
where he attended the public schools. After 
leaving school he entered the employ of Vaughan 
& Greene, afterwards the Hamilton Web Com- 
pany, remaining there until 1873, when he went 
to Northam])ton, Mass., to become over.seer of 
a department of the Anchor Tape and Webbing 
Company. Here he remained for some five 
years and then resigned to take the superinten- 
dency of the Springfield Weaving Company of 
Springfield, Mass., remaining in that cajiacity 
for three years. He then removed to Holyoke, 
Mass., to take charge of the blanket binding and 



1S62. Two years later his parents removed to 
I'.xbridge, Mass., where he attended the public 
schools until he went to Hamilton, R. I., in 
18S0, where he was employed in the office of 
the Hamilton Web Company as bookkeeper. 
Here he remained until the fall of 1882, when 
he engaged in the life insurance business which 
he pursued for one year. In 1884 he went to 
Albion, K. I., and was employed in the office of 
the Albion Company, now the \'alley Falls 
Company, for one year. Early in 1885 he went 
to Hills (irove, R. I., as accountant in the local 
store, remaining until the fall of 1887, when he 




Hope Webbing Co. Plant, Pawtucket, R. I. 
surcingle department of the Springfield Wanket associated himself with the Hope Webbing 



Company. After two years he resigned and 
later began business on his own account in com- 
pany with Charles Sisson under the firm name 
of the Hope Webbing Company. Mr. Steere 
has brought out many important invention.s in 
connection with the machinery used in the 
manufacture of their goods and his office has 
directed the internal management of the works 
since its beginning. 

Willis II. White, Secretary and Assistant 
Treasurer of the company, is a native of Mil- 
ville, Mass., where he was born December 22, 



Company and has served as Secretary and As- 
sistant Treasurer since the incorporation of the 
business. The growth and success of this en- 
terprise has been largely due to Mr. White's 
careful and intelligent attention to the details 
of the office work. 

Rhode Island Brush Co. — Manufacturers of 
revolving brushes, window washers, floor sweep- 
ers, and counter brushes. Brushes for mill 
work their specialty. Charles li.Cjrant, Gen- 
eral Manager. Works located at 50 Daniel 
avenue, Providence. 



Hit )(;r.\1'iik;ai 



iS'lORN' ol' Tl 



M.\\ll-ACTrKI<:RS 



Nayatt Brick Co. — Manulacturers i)f brick. 
business established in 1S47. Works located 
at Nayatt. in tiie town ol Harrin,i;ton, R. I. 
The coni])anv own some 400 acres ot laiul, 
mostly Ljood clay land. This is probably the 
most e.\tensi\e de|)osit of clay suitable for the 
manufacture of first class buildini,^ brick to be 
tdund in the State of Rhode Island. The plant 
is etjuipped with the most modern brick making 
iiiachiner\- 

J. N. Polsey & Co. .Manidactmers ot wooden 
])ackini; bo.\es. lousiness established in 1857 
bv I. N. i'olsey. b)hri I'. Ilootl became the 
sole owner in iSyS, who is a nati\e ot I'awtucket, 
where he was born l""ebruary 7, 1.S51. Works 
located at 41 Kayley street, I'awtucket, on the 
N. \ ., X. H. tS: II. R. R tracks laiii^loy 20 
hands. 

John Hope & Sons. — Manufacturers of panta- 
i^ra[)h, mill engra\ing and grounding machines, 
also lathes, clamjis, die blocks, steel and copper 
])late ruling machines, etc. Husiness established 
in \i^47- Incoiporated in iSqo. Works located 
on Mashapaug street, I'rovitlence. John Hope, 
Treasurer 

Cruickshank Steam Engine Co. — Manufactur 
ers of stationary and yacht engines, also experi- 
mental, special and general machinery. Works 
located at JcSft Dyer street. Providence. Here 
the first Providence steam automobile was made 
by I.. !•'. \. HaliKvin.who was the Superinten 
dent of the ])lace. 

R. I. Perkins Horse Shoe Co. — Manufacturers 
of machine made horse slioes of all kinds and 
sizes. Husiness established by Charles II. I'ei 
kins in 1867. ( )ne of the largest ])lants of its 
kind iti the country. Works located at X'alley 
|-',ills. ( X'tice in l'ro\idence. 

Rhode Island Tool Co. — Manufacturers of 
s])ecial macliiner)', bolts, nuts, tools, etc. Husi 
ness establishetl about 1847 as the Providence 
Tool Co., and reorganizeil in 188^ imder the 
l);esent name. Incor|iorated. Works located 
on West Ri\er street. Piovidence. 

Phillips Insulated Wire Co. Mantifaclurers 
ot all kinds of wire tor electric railways, cables, 
etc. Works located at Darlington, I'awtucket, 
R. I., on the India I'oint br.nuh ot \. ^ ., \, II 
i,K: II. K. R. ( )ne of the largest ])lants in P,iw 
tucket, and modern in every res]iect. 



Israel H. Smith. .Manufacturer of card set- 
ting machiner)-. diamond point, fancy, doffer 
ling, sheet and hand card machines, and cam 
wheels made to order. Works locateii at the 
cornel" ot I'.iwtu.\et and Wentworth avenues, 
lulgewood, R. I. 

New England Steam Brick Co. — .Manufactur- 
ers ot brick. The most extensive brick manu- 
tacturing plant in New Kngland. l^rick yards 
and works at Harrington and Nayatt, R. I. 
P^ver)' modern ap])liance for the manufacture of 
brick. 

Winsor & Jerauld Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers 
of tentering machines, also the non-rujHurable, 
|)atent convertible, automatic or spring clamp 
tenter chain. Tenter cli[)s a specialty. Works 
located at 55 Clifford street, Providence. 

American Seamless Wire Co. — Manufacturers 
of seamless wire for jewelry manufacturers' use. 
Husiness established in 1897. Works located 
in the Jesse Metcalf Huilding, Providence. 
William Oscar Cornell, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Langelier Mfg. Co — Manufacturers of special 
machinery, tools, etc., including jewelers' and 
opticians' machines and tools. Works located 
at 67 Clitford street, Providence. A. T. Lange- 
lier, President and Treasurer. 

The James Hanley Brewing Co. Hrewers of 
ales and porter. Hrevvery located at the corner 
of P'ountain and Jackson streets, Providence. 
James Hanley, Presiilent and Treasurer ( )ne 
of the oldest breweries in the city. 

Narragangett Brewing Co. — Hrewers of lager 
beer, ale and porter, and manufacturers of arti- 
ficial ice Hrewery at .\rlington, R. I Her- 
man (i. Possner, .Manager, 

What Cheer Brewery. Hi ewers of lager beer. 
Hrewery located just outside of the city ot 
Providence in the town of Cranston. II. T. 
Molter, Pro]irietor. 

Eagle Brewing Co. - Hreweis of ale and 
lager beers. Hrewery located on West I'.x- 
change. Ames, .Spruce and Mc.Xvoy streets, 
Providence 

I. P. Richards. Manufacturer of V. -S. Stan- 
tlartl dies, standard [tunches, etc. Works lo- 
cated .It 2^ Pembcrton street. Providence. 

Hope Valley Woolen Co. — Manufacturers of 
s.itinets. Mill located in Hope \'alley, Rich- 
mond. R. I 



AND HUSIM'ISS MI'A' Ol' RlloDl-: ISLAXH. 



321 



P. E. Thayer & Co. — Manufacturers of all 
kinds of brushes for manufacturing purposes. 
Their great specialty is jewelers' and mill 




Philo E. Thayer. 

brushes. Business established in 1870. Works 
located on East avenue, Pavvtucket, R. I. 
i'hilo E. Thayer, the present proprietor, is a 
native of Bellingham, Mass., where he was born 
March 4, 1847. He received his education in 
the public schools. After leaving school he 
went to Worcester, Mass., in 1X64, to work for 
his brother. Ellis Thayer, who was carrying on 
the brush manufacturing business. After a few 
months he went to Woonsocket to work for an- 
other brother, Allen Thayer, who was carrying 
on the grocery business in that city. In 1870 
Ellis and George Thayer purchased the brush 
manufacturing business of Thomas Cjreene, of 
Pawtuckel, whose works were located upon 
I'^ast avenue, and I'hilo E. Thayer was then em- 
ployed to take the foremanship of the works. 
Here he continued for two years, when he lelt 
to enter a grocery store in Woonsocket, an<l 
after about a year, his brother (ieorge being in 
ill health, he returned to Pavvtucket to again be. 
come the foreman of the works. He later 
l)ought out his brother George's interest, and 
then the firm name of Thayer Brothers was 
adopted and used for a number of years, until 
he purchased his brother I-'.llis's interest in 1880, 

(21 j 



then becoming the sole owner. Erom that 
time on the business has been carried on under 
the name of P. E. Thayer & Co He also had an 
interest in a brush factory in Woonsocket, but 
he sold his interest in 1893 to his nephew, 
Walter S. Thayer, who had been his former 
partner. Mr. Thayer's brush works are among 
the most extensive in the State. 

Mr. Philo 1^. Thayer has been a member of 
the Pawtucket Gity Council from 1886 until 
1892, a continuous term of se\en years, and he 
was again elected in 1895. He was a member 
of the Board of Aldermen for the years 1896, 
1897 and 1898, being the President of the board. 
He was a member of the Special Committee of 
the City Council in charge of the Cotton Cen- 
tennial Celebration which was held in Paw- 
tucket in 1890. In 1894 he was first elected to 
represent Pawtucket in the Lower House of 
the General Assembly, and in many other ways 
he has been honored by the citizens of the city 
of Pawtucket. He was appointed by Governor 
Eipi)itt in 1897 as one of three commissioners 
to establish a new boundary line between 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island. 

Providence Ornamental Iron Works. — Man- 
ufacturers of Hre escapes, iron roofs, cast and 
wrought iron fences, window guards, and 
shutters. Bostwick's folding gate for elevators 
and entrances. W^orks located at 288 Dyer 
street. Providence. John G. I.undgren, pro- 
prietor. 

The Vermont Mfg. Co. — Manufacturers of 
fancy butterine. Eactory located at 13 to 17 
Jackson street, Providence. Works thoroughly 
e(|uipped with every modern convenience for 
the manufacture of butterine. Their products 
are said to be as fine as any made in this 
country. M. K. O'Meara, General Manager. 

Huntoon & Gorham Co. — Manufacturers of 
union-made cigars. bactory located at 167 
Courtland street. Providence. William C. Hun- 
toon, President: Harrison B. Huntoon, Trea- 
surer and general Manager. 

James H. Tower. — Manufacturer of fire escape 
balconies, ladders, iron bridges, railings, steel 
cells, doors, shutters, and sheet-iron work. 
Works located at 48 Borden street. Providence. 

Ashaway 'Woolen Co. — Manufacturers of cas 
simeres. Mill located in Ashaway, in the town 
of Hopkinton. R. I. E. A. Briggs, Treasurer. 



HKX.K.M'IIICAI 



lISroKN' oi' 'I'lli; MAXLIFACTrkl'KS 



William D. Cross. -Mamit.utiuci of a hij^h 
grade of cigars. I>usiiiess established in 1S69. 
Works located in Carolina, R. I Mr. Cross is 
a native of Charlestown, K. ! . where he was born 
November 5, 1832. lie completed his education 
in the Ivast Greenwich Academy. After learn- 
ing the cigar makers trade he was emi)loyed in 
the city ol I'rovidence for a time as the man- 
ager of a cigar factory, .ind in 1869 began busi- 
ness on his own account in the town where he 
now resides, and still carries on the cigar manu- 
facturing business. Mr. Cross is one of the 
most inlluential men of the town. Me was 
electeil to re[)resent the town in the House of 
Kepresentati\es in the years iSjj, 1898, and 
1899, anil was elected to the Senate in 1880, 
ujoo, anti 1901 lie served in the Town Coun- 
cil from 186910 187J, and from 1879 to 1891. 
l-"roni 1893 until the present time he has been 
President of the Council. In 1873 and 1874 he 
served as Commissioner of Indian Schools, for 
the Xarragansett Tribe, which was then living 
on the reserxation in Charlestown. lie was 
elected Town Treasurer and Collector in 1897, 
and has held the office continiKuisly from that 
time to the jiresent. 

William H. Haskell Mfg. Co. .Manufac- 
turers of bolts and nuts, lousiness established 
in 1853 by Lewis T. llaskell, under the firm 
name of I'inkham, llaskell ^: Co. In 1857 
William II. llaskell bought out the entire busi- 
ness. In 1861 Robert Sherman became a part- 
ner, but in 1868 he sold his interest to Mr. Has- 
kell. The business was incorjiorated in 1881 as 
the William H. Haskell Co The manufact- 
uring plant is one of the largest in Xew Eng- 
land, which was develo]ied under Mr. Haskell's 
management, and after the incorporation Mr. 
Edmund .S. Mason as Treasurer and Uaniel A. 
Hunt as Agent, were instrumental in its growth. 

Allen's Print Works. — I'rinters ami dyers. 
\\ (irks located at the North I^nd of the city of 
I'rovidence. Tlie first building erected on this 
site was built for a woolen mill about 1812. 
I. H. Kellex', is the Treasurer of the corjjoration 
The plant is (|uite an extensive one, and has 
been used for a d\'eing ami printing establish- 
ment tnr many years. 

Barr & Thornley. — Clobc Brass I-'nundry. 
.Manufacturers of all kinds of brass and bron/e 
castings and lining metals. I'"oundry located at 
38 Wa\ne street, I'rovidence. 



New England Brush Co. — Manufacturers of 
all kinds of brushes, tor silk, cotton and woolen 
mills, also for machine builders, silversmiths, 
sprinkling brushes for printers and bleachers, 
and for manufacturing jewelers. Works located 
at 77 I'age street. Joseph Adams and Samuel 
M. Robinson, proprietors. 

Charles E. Taylor.— Manufacturer of paper 
cop tubes, made to fit all kinds of spindles of 
American and English manufacture. Successor 
to the Hurgess Cop Tube Co. Received a gold 
medal at the Mechanics Association Exhibition 
of 1869 of Hoston. Works located at 21 Eddy 
street. Providence. 

Philip L. Voelker. — Manufacturer of brushes 
for silk, cotton and woolen mills, furnishing 
and s[)rinkling brushes for printers and bleach- 
ers. Husiness established in 1858. Works 
located at 935 Westminster street, I'rovidence. 

Volney W. Mason & Co. — Manufacturers of 
friction clutches, hoisting machinery, etc. 
Business established in 1S61. Works located 
on Lafayette street, Providence. X'olney W. 
Mason, Proprietor. 

John D. Lewis. — Manufacturer of dye-wood 
li(|uors, extracts, etc., for dyeing, bleaching and 
finishing cotton and woolen fabrics. Works 
located on Charles and Bark streets. Providence. 
Office, 4 l*".xchange Place 

The J. A. Gowdey Reed & Harness Co. — I\hui- 
ufacturers of reed and harnesses for woolen 
and cotton mills. Business established about 
1840. Works locatetl at 40 Clifford street. 
Pro\'iileiue. 

Livingston Woolen Mills.- Manufacturers of 
woolen goods. Mill located at Washington, in 
the town of Coventr)-, R. I. ( )perate some 
twenty looms. 

James Morton. Manufacturer of shawls. 
Works located in Washington, in the town of 
Coventry, R. I. The only shawl manufacturer 
in the .State. 

Hand Brewing Co. — Brewers of beers. Brew 
ei v located at Darlington. Pawtucket, R. I., on 
the India Point branch of the N. V., N. II & 
II. R. R. Brewery erected about 1899. 

Joseph J. Schofield. .Manufacturer of sjtecial 
machinery, a])|)liances lor woolen and cotton 
mills, bleacheries and print works. Works lo- 
cated at 282 Dyer street, I'ro\itlence. 



AND HUSIM;SS men of RIIODI': ISLAND. 



323 



Horton Brothers. — Photographers. The Hor- 
ton Hrolhers were born in Westmoreland, 
Cheshire county, New Hampshire. In 1878, in 




E. Chamberlain Horton. 

Providence, K. C. Horton established the busi^ 
ness and one year and a half later took as a 
partner, his brother, E. K. Horton. Since then 
the firm has been known as Horton Hrothors. 
K. C. Horton, as an operator, ranks among the 
very best and has a thorough knowledge of all 
the diffent branches of the business. 

E. K. Horton is financial manager and by 
the personal supervision of each in their de- 
partments they have kept pace with the times 
and maintained an enviable reputation, second 
to none. Their patrons are from all parts of 
the country, many of them being our most dis- 
tinguished citizens. For eighteen years they 
have been photographers to Brown University. 
Most of the portraits used in this book were 
made by them from si)ecial sittings. 

Wickford Worsted-Woolen Mills. — Manufac- 
turers of woolen and worsted goods. Business 
established in 18S1 by William Gregory, Ex- 
(iovernor of Rhode Island, whose biographical 
sketch is printed on page 7 of this book. Soon 
after Governor (Gregory's death in December, 
the business that had been carried on so suc- 
cessfully by him, which included the mill at 
Wickford and the Oak Hill Mill, at Bcllville, 



R. I., was incorporated under the name of the 
Wickford Worsted-Woolen Mills, the former 
name being the Wickford Worsted Mills. The 
incorporation papers were granted December 
27, 1901. Capitalized for Sioo,ooo. OfTicers : 
Mrs. Harriet Gregory, President, widow of the 
late Governor; Albert Gregory, Secretary and 
Treasurer; Miss Louise Gregory is a member 
of the Board of Directors. Under the new 
name the company plans to resume business 
January I, i(j02. 

Canonchet Mills. — Manufacturers of cotton 
yarns and warps. Mills located in Hope \'alley 
in the town of Hopkinton, R. I. Mr. L. I-^d- 
vvards, proprietor. The plant was built by Mr. 
FMwards in 1876, and is one of the most sub- 
stantial of any textile establishment in the 
State. Power is supplied by water to the ex- 
tent of about lOO-horse power, and an auxiliary 
steam plant supplies all that is needed in time 
of low water. The mills have about 3,000 spin- 
dles. Mr. lulwards is well known as a thorough 
textile manufacturer. 

Eagle Dye Works. — Dyers and finishers of 
cotton from the bale. Business incorporated in 
1886. .Snow & P.arle, Agents. ICmploy about 





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hands. 



Edgar Kendall Horton. 
Newton I-".arle has served as Presi- 



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dent and Treasurer of the concern f<u- a num- 
ber of vears. 



j-4 



151()(;k.\i'iiuai. llls•l•()k^■ oi- riii', maxiM'Ac rL'ki;Rs 



Bernon Mills. .Maiuilactutors ot print cloths 
ami twilletl goods. I'"irst factory built in 1813, 
of stone, and known as the (ieorgiavillo Cotton 
Manufacturin<; Co. Mill. I'resent con)[jany 
incorporated, with a cai)itali/ation of SuS.ooo. 
Ot'ticers: Royal C. Taft. President. Robert \V. 
Taft, Asst. Treasurei ; II. R. {•"arnliam, .Sn])er- 
intendent. The mill contains some 30,000 
siiindles, and 641 looms. \\ oiks at (ieorgiaville, 
R. 1. 

Household Sewing Machine Co. — Manufact 
iirersot tlie llousehold Sewing Machine, l^usi 
ness established al)out 1S47. j-'actory located 
on Wickenden street, Providence These works 
have in the past been ilevoted to \arious manu- 
facturing purposes, including marine hardware, 
railroad supplies, rifles, and various other lines, 
(ieorire 11. Xewhall, Treasurer 




"■'''****«^A«i*44bJL*^ 



Nayatt and N E. Brick Co. Plants, Nayatt, R. I. 

Coventry Co. Manutactureis of sheetings, 
twills, and goods for the comerting traile. Mrst 
mill l^uilt in 1S05 or 1807. Mill located at An 
thony. R. I. Incor[)oraled in 18(14. Capital 
i/.ed for ^300,000. ( )fticers : Rathbone (iardner. 
President ; Robert W. Talt, Treasurer. There 
are some 40,000 spindles, and iji6 looms. Power 
is sup[)lied fiom the Pawtiixet Iviver. and troni 
a steam engine. 

Dyerville Mfg. Co.- Manutacturers ot cotton 
g(tO(ls. Mill located at (t\n .Manton avenue, 
Providence, on the \\'oonas(|uatui'ket Ri\er 
Truman Heckwith, Treasiuer 

Greenville Mfg. Co. .Manidacturers o| woolen 
goods. Pusiness estal)lishcd in i85(). I'"actor\- 
at (jreeiuille, R. 1. 



Ellis Thayer. Manufacturer of all kinds of 
brushes, |)rinci|)ally for manufacturers' use. 
Mr. Thayer originally began business in Wor- 
cester, Mass., along about 1863, and in 1870 he 
purchased the brush business formerl)- carried 
on by Thomas (ueene, of Pawtucket.on Plast ave- 
nue, his brother George being a [Kirtner in the 
enterprise. Later his brother, Philo h'.. Thayer, 
Ixiught out (ieorge Thayer's interest, and the 
lirm name then became Thayer Bros. In 1H80 
Mr. Thayer sold out his interest in the business 
to his brother Philo, and later began business in 
his own name on Mxchange street, Pawtucket, 
in a new factcu\- which is equipj^ed with all of 
the latest brush making machinery. 

American Yarn Co.— Manufacturers of tailors' 
trimmings, fancy cottons, etc. Business incor- 
porated in 1892. \\\)rks located in Pawtucket, 
1\. I Miv 1, M. Smith was the prime mover in 
the establishment of thebusiness, andtohis care- 
ful oversightis due thesuccess of the enterprise. 
Mr. Smith was for some fifteen years the super- 
intendent of the Harris Woolen Com|)any's 
mill at Woonsocket. Hezekiah (Jonant, Presi- 
dent ; Jude Taylor, Treasurer. Mr. Smith was 
elected Agent and Superintendent of the coni- 
[lan)' May i, 1 894. 

N. E. Ventilating and Heating Co.— Manufac- 
turers of Richaidson's system of mill ventil- 
ation, inck:ding e.xhaust fans, revolving ventil- 
.itors, etc. Works located at 926 Manton ave- 
luie, Pi-o\idence. Richard Richardson, Pro 

pl ictol 

Kendall Mfg. Co. — Manutacturers of soap and 
the widely known ".Soapine". Nicholas .Shel- 
don, Tieasurer. The largest soap manufacturing 
jilant in the State, Woiks located on P'riend 
shi]i street, coiner of Page street. Providence. 

Wanskuck Co. - Manufacturers of worsted 
goods Business begun in iS<i4. Mill located 
m the Wanskuck section of Providence. Jesse 
11. Metcall, Agent ot the corporation, ( )f'tice, 
311 Lxchange Place, 

Geneva Mills. — Manulacturers of worsted 
gootls. Mill located on Douglas avenue. Provi- 
dence. ' )ne of the extensive manufacturing 
]ilants of the .State. Business office, 36 Iv\- 
change Place. 

Combination Ladder Co. Manufacturers of 
ladders, (,if all knuls including extension ladders, 
wood ami iron tire escape ladders, etc. C. \. 
Richardson, pro])rietor. W(uks at •,(>(' T'oun- 
tain street. Providence. 



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UlniiKAIMlK AI. ilISrnR\- i )1- IHI-; M AN L'FACTrRl'lKS 



RHODE ISLAM) INULSIRIAL lIXHIIil HON. 



As a titling close to tlie last years ol the 
Nineteenth Century, which iiiaikecl a wonder 
till growth in the line ot tnaiuifactures in the 
State ot Rhode Island, the I'rovidence lV)ard of 
Trade [)lanned and orgaiii/.ed an Industrial M.x- 
hihition to be hckl the week ol June 17, 1.S97. 
the prime object being to place betore the Mexi- 



the most complete exhibition of its kind ever 
held in the State, reflecting much credit upon 
the organization and the committees appointed 
to look after the various details. Not only were 
the iiroducts placed on exhibition, but there 
were many enterprising concerns who [)laced 
in operation many of their machines, thereby 
giving an accurate idea of the manner in which 
their goods were manufactured. Nearly every 
line of goods made in the State were on e.xhi- 



'''%E_RBuv__ 




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Fuller Building. The Industrial E.xposition Building of 1897. 



can, Central and South ^Xmerican delegates, 
who were at tliat time making a tour ot the 
United States, on the invitation of the I'hiladel- 
])hia Commercial Museum, the manufactured 
products of the State so that they could ins[ject 
them under one roof, and get an idea of the e.x 
tent of our manufactures without the necessity 
of N'isiting nimierous factories. Lender the effi- 
cient management of its Secretary, (ieorge H. 
Webb, the exhibition was comiileted within a 
\cry few days, the time being limited. It was 



bition from the minutest piece of jewelry to a 
Corliss steam engine, and everything was ar- 
ranged in an attractive manner. Upon the ar- 
rival of the delegates a receiition was tendered 
them on June 17, at which Governor I'~.lis]ia 
Dyer made the address of welcome. 

The Fuller Building was erected by I-'rederic 
I'"uller in 1896. It is located at the corner of 
West Uxchange and Sabin streets. The build- 
ing is de\oted princijially to manufacturing, in- 
cluding jewelry, l)icycles, ring travellers, etc. 



< 




.uvs iU()(iK.\iiii(Ai llIs^()k^■ oi' tiik manlii-aci i ki us 

APPONAl'O AND EAST (iREENWICM. castcily towards Cowcsct poiul, i^^c. Xotwith- 
standing the town do reserve the liberty to 

The village ot Apponaug lays claim to about themselves, if they see cause, to set u() a town 
the tirst fulling mill built in the State, and l-last mill upon the same river, &c. Said John Mi- 
(Ireenwich claims the first calico printing es- carter hath liberty to raise Coweset pond two 
tablishment in the I'nited States. These feet if occasion be for it, &c." 
places have both become somewhat famous for This grant indicates that there were no other 
their dyeing, bleaching and printing establish fulling mills in the State at that time, from the 
ments, but they are not engaged very exten statement that the "Said John Micarler sliall 
sively in other lines of manufactures, although always be ready to do the town's work upon as 
ICast (ireenwich had tjuite a record in the te\- reasonable terms as they can have it done else- 
tile line soon after the advent of the Nineteenth where in s/ntr.s alHiHfiis." This also makes it 
Century. At present there is but one cotton ,|uite iilaiii that there were fulling mills in Con- 
factory in operation, and one Ideachery and necticut and Massachusetts then in operation, 
print works. Now as to the first te.xtile printing plant in 

The following is the act of the " Proprietors" America: I'last (ireenwich claims a Mr. Daw 

in reference to the establishment of a fulling son was printing linen cloth there which was 

mill in Apponaug : spun, woven and bleached by the women of the 

June 6, 1O96. "These presents declare and village as early as about 1780. "As there was 

testify that John Micarter, of the town ol I'rovi little or none of the calico in the shops for sale, 

dence in the colony of Rhode Island, and i'lovi every family made their own cloth and then 

dence I'lantations, having m.ide apjilication by carried it to the printing establishment to be 

way of petition to this town of Warwick, desir- printed, each person selecting their own |)attern 

ing leave and liberty for the building and setting and colors. The patterns were very neat and 

up .1 fulling mill uj-ion a small river at the place pretty, and the colors remarkably brilliant; but 

called and known by the name of Aponake those brilliant tints were owing to the material 

(Apponaug), also some convenient accommo- on which they were printed, as linen will take 

dations for the abode and residence of himself color better than cotton." 

and family, 'the town having considered the These printed linens were considered as cost- 
premises have granted his request, always with ly in those days as the silks and velvets of the 
this proviso, that the said fulling mill shall be present time, and full as stylish. In 1794 
finished ami com[)leted fit to do the town ser- Messrs. Schaub, Tisset and Dubosque were do- 
vice at or before the first d.iy of .May, which ing printing in Providence, and since that time 
shall be in the year 1(197. .And that the said the printing of textiles, principally cotton goods, 
John Micarter shall always be ready to do the has gradually increased until at present the 
town's work upon as reasonable terms as they State ranks anmng the leaders in the line of 
can have it done elsewhere in the states about ]irint goods. 

us; u[)on these considerations the town hath The town of W'arwitk, it will be observed, 
granted him one acre .md a halt of land situate when it granted John Micarter the right to set 
and being between two wading ])laces, the up- up a fulling mill within its borders, reserved the 
permost being the toot way and the lowermost right lor the town to carr_\' on the same business 
the horseway, as also allowed liberty for digging if its representatives should decitle that such a 
a trench at the entrance ol Kekamewit brook thing was desirable. Such a clause prevented 
to raise it sutliciently, whith done will make a the class of monopoly that today is often car- 
small island, which he may also make use <if ; ried along with the grants that are made by 
and hath also liberty without and besides the some of the towns at the present time, and this 
bounds a|i|)ointcd him to drv cloth upiui the pai ticularl\- :ipplies to the I .egislature in grant 
common ; also privileges u])on the common lor iiig franchises in the cit\' of Providence, wilh- 
luel or fire wood necessary, and jirivileges tor out any clause attached that shall protect the 
ten head ot cattle to Iced on the common, more peojtle in Iheii' natuial rights, where exigencies 
o\'er seventeen acres ot land or thereabouts, arise that cannot be seen when the grants are 
eastward from Robert Potter's hirm, ranging made. 



a 



AND BUSINESS MEN ()I- RlloDK ISLAND. 



329 



General Fire Extinguisher Co.— Manufacturers 
of the (jrinnell Automatic Sjjrinklers. The 
Providence Steam and (ias Pipe Co. were the 
pioneers in the manufacture of automatic sjirink- 
lers in America, which have proven so much of 
a blessing in the saving of valuable property 
throughout the manufacturing world. The 
(ieneral P'ire IC.\tinguisher Company was the 
outcome of this invention, which amounted to a 
consolidation of the business of that company 
and that of other companies endeavoring to 
manufacture a similar sprinkler. This organ- 



various other valuable features not to be found 
in an equal degree in any other similar apparatus 
on the market. 

It has been in extensive and steadily growing 
use now for a number of years, and has made a 
record that is unparalleled in the history of fire 
extinguishers. The fact that the Grinnel) sprink- 
ler had e.xtinguished up to January ist, 1896, 
twenty-five thousand recorded fires, (and of 
course many more not reported), at an average 
loss of less than $250 per fire, (and at practically 
no loss in a large proportion of these fires). 




General Fire Extinguisher Co. Plant, West E.xchange Street, Proyidence, R. I. 

ization was completed in i<S93, when the busi- emphasizes the value of the "Grinnell " as a fire 

ness was incorporated with a capitalization of arrester. Every Automatic sprinkler manufac 

$1,000,000. The company control nearly all of tured by the General Fire Extinguisher Com- 

the patents that are counted valuable in the pany is fully warranted as to quality of material 



making of automatic sprinklers. 

The Grinnell Sprinklers are a triumph in 
their way, and represent the highest achieve- 
ment in automatic fire extinguishing apparatus. 
Simple in design and perfect in costruction and 
operation, these sprinklers are in use the wide 



and w^orkmanship, and is guaranteed to do 
its work promptly, efficiently and satisfac- 
torily. 

The works of the company are located on 
West E.xchange street, Providence, and they 
are very extensi\'e. .\ new brick addition to 



world over. They have adetiuate structural the plant is now being completed. Frank II. 
strength to resist water pressure, combined Maynard is the (ieneral Manager of the 
with quick action in case of fire, and possess company. 



HI()(iR.\rilR Al, llISrOKV (_)!• Till'; MANUI-ACTUKICRS 



E. Morgan & Sons. — Manulacturers of patent nioie than a quarter of a century. Mr. Farring- 
nieciicincs. their principal i)r()ilucl bein<; the ton has always given the business his jiersonal 

attention, thereby tle\eloping a trade that was 
\er)- valuable. 



.\rabian Ikilsan), which is (me of the best sell- 
ing p.itent medicines on the market, possessing 
a great deal of merit. In 1S30 i)r. ilaynes, who 
originated the balsam, sold the tormula to Dr. 
J. .Miller, who conceived the itlea of jjlacing the 
medicine on the market in conjunction with 
(ither \aluable medicines of his own discovery, 



American Liquid Soap Co.- Manufacturers of 
li(|uul soaps, .\merican liijuid bath and toi 
let lotions, and the American grease and 
stain eradicator. 15usiness incorporated in 
lyoi. Capitalized for 5200,000. I'"actor)- lo- 




Harbor of Newport, R. I. 



and the business was con<luctetl under the 
style of J. Miller i\: .Sons, later as Miller & 
I'idge, and later the business c.ime into the 
h.mds of !■;. .Morgan iS: Sons I,aborator\ at 
^50 Weybosset street, l'Mi\ideiuc, 

William U. Farrington. — Manulacturer of 
so;ip of all kinds. He makes a s]>ecialt\' of mill 
soaps. Soap works located at Ivist (Ireenwich, 
K I,, where he has carrietl (ui the business for 



cated in l^ast I'ro\idence Centre, R. I. The 
busuiess ol'tice is located in the Banigan Ikiild- 
ing, Providence. 

John McAuslan. — Manufacturer of paper co|) 
tubes, paper mailing tubes, etc. Works located 
at S() Valle\- street, Kast Providence Business 
originalU located on Canal street, Providence. 
( )ne lit the most extensive manufacturers of 
tubes in this section of the countr\. 



INDEX 



Adams Bros 12-. 

Adams, Dewey F 9". 

Albiim Co 31(i. 

Althans, J. H. Co 87. 

Allendale Co 83. 

Allons Print Works 322. 

Almy, Stoue & Co 23!t. 

Almy Water Tube Boiler Co... ii>. 

American Ball Co 212. 

\merican Card Clothing Co... 80. 

Xnieriean Fllectrical Works... 188. 

\nieriian Emery Wheel Works. 34. 

\meriean Endoscopic Co 157. 

\merican Hair Cloth Co 260. 

Vmerican I.iiiuid Soap Co 3:'.0. 

\nierican Locomotive Works.. 294. 

\nierican Multiple Fabric Co.. Hi7. 

.•\merican Paper Tube Co 290. 

Vnierican Pickling Co 211. 

\merican S<re\v Co 52. 

\merican Seamless Wire Co.. 320. 

\merican Ship Windlass Co. . . 24. 

\uierican Shoe Lace Co 173. 

.■\merican Spinning Co 149. 

Vnierican Supply Co 19tj. 

\merican Textile Co 2S1. 

American Tubing Co 54. 

American Wringer Co 3ol. 

American Vain Co 324. 

Au.hor .Mills. Harrisville 295. 

Anchor Mills, Pascoag 296. 

Angell. Charles E 313. 

.-vpponaug and E.Greenwich... 32.S. 

Armstrong Carriage Co S5. 

Arnold Medical Corp.. Dr. Seth. 71. 

Arnold & Steere lo4. 

Ashawav Woolen Co 321. 

Ashland Co 317. 

Astle. H. J. & Co 119. 

Atherton. The A. T. Mch. Co. . . 2S0. 

Austin. .John & Son 109. 



B 



Babcock. A. W. & Co llo. 

Babington. George X 97. 

Bacon .Mfg. Jewelry Co 97. 

Baldwin Motor Wagon Co 232. 

Ballon. B. A. & Co 138. 

Ballou Yarn Co 30. 

Banigan. .Joseph Rubber Co... 44. 

Barr Bros 312. 

Ban & Thornley 322. 

Barstow Stove Co 3or,. 

Barstow & Williams 113. 

Barton. Robert 114. 

Bates. .leremiah H 125. 

Beamari & Smith Co.. The 34. 

Becker. George & Co 119. 

Bennett & Bradford 100. 

Bennett. S. A 97. 

Bennett. T. E. & Co lis. 

Bens. William 131. 



Bernon Mills 324. 

Blackinlon. W. & S 118. 

Bliss Chester Co.. The 125. 

Bliss, The R. Mfg. Co 241. 

Blodgetl & Orswell Co 310. 

Bosworth. E. B. & Son 205. 

Bosworth. W. S 210. 

Bourn Rubber Co 23. 

Brady, John F 2G8. 

Bradney Novelty Co 269. 

Brailsch. W. J. & Co 107. 

Briggs, J. & Sons Co 114. 

Bristol, Town of 213. 

British Hosiery Co 33. 

Brown Bros. Co Ifil. 

Brown, E. & Co 116. 

Brown. H. E. & Co 119. 

Brown, James Machine Sliop. . 252. 

Brown. J. E. & H. L 118. 

Brown & Sharp Mfg. Co 11. 

BuiUlin. Charles K. Belting Co. 261. 

Bud long. Sterry E 122. 

Builders Iron Foundry 268. 

Burdon Wire & Supply Co 26(i. 

Burgess. A. & Son 61. 

Burns Mfg. Co lo4. 

Burton, David 138. 

"Butterfly" Factory 292. 

Bvfield Rubber Co 43. 



Cahoone, George H. & Co 141. 

Canoncbet Mills 323. 

Capron & Co 232. 

Carpenter, H. F. & Son 97. 

Carpenter. J. M. Taj) & Die Co. 312. 

Carpenter & Sons Foundry Co. 54. 

Carpenter & Wood 146, 

Cai-olina Mills 316. 

Caswell. The A.C. Car. & H. Co. 14o. 

Central Falls. City of 240, 

Centredale Worsted Mills 272, 

Centreville Cotton Mill 16S, 

Centreville Mfg. Co 266, 

Census Reports for R. I,. 19oii. 295 

Champlin. S. B. Co 216 

Champlin Building, .\rticle... 216 

Chapin & Hollister Co 118, 

Charnley. J. A. Co 143 

Chase. F. A. & Co 140, 

Chase Mfg. Co 12ii, 

Child. I). R. Novelty Co 118, 

City Brass Foundry 257, 

City Iron F'd'y. Woousocket,, 173 

Claflin & Co 139, 

Clark & Coombs 1 lo. 

Clark Mfg. Co 32 

Clark, William Co 159, 

Clason Arch, Metal Works 137, 

Clear River Woolen Mill 294. 

Clyde Bleach & Print Works,, 312, 

Coats, J, &. P. Limiteii 236, 

Col? Bros 258, 

Coieman, Walter & Sons 37, 

33' 



Collingwood, J, H, & Co 111. 

Collyer Ma(hine Co., The 261. 

('olvin Foundry Co 136. 

Colvin Mfg. Co 43. 

Col well, F. A 204. 

Col well. Ralph & Co 232. 

Combination Ladder Co 324. 

Combination Overall & Gar. Co. 212. 

Conley & Straight 298. 

Contrexeville Mfg. Co 203. 

Cook, Edward N. Co 127. 

Corliss Steam Engine Co 306. 

Cornell & Andrews Plants 227. 

Cornell. William Oscar 226. 

Coronet Worsted Co.. The 199. 

Corp Bros 54. 

Corey & Reynolds Co 97. 

Cottrell. C. B, & Sons Co 151. 

Coventry Co 324. 

Crahan Engraving Co 229. 

Crandall, J, L, & Co 125. 

Cranston Worsted .Mills 214. 

Crees & Court 266. 

Crefeld Mills 157. 

Ciocker, J. & Son 13. 

Crompton Company 178. 

Crompton & Knowles Loom 

Works 272, 

Crossin & Co 97. 

Cross, William I) 322. 

Crown Carpet Lining Co 33. 

Cruickshank Steam Engine Co. 32o. 

Cuddy. John T. & Co 232. 

Cumerford. A, S. & Co 111. 

Cutler Mfg. Co 209. 

Cutler Jewelry Co 302. 

Cutting. R, S. & Co 223. 

D 

Dart, The E. M, Mfg, Co 216. 

Darling. C. C. & Co 110. 

Darling C, P. & Co 141, 

Darling. L. B. Fertilizer Co... 265. 

Davol Rubber Co 48. 

Dempsev Blch. & Dye Works.. 251. 

I levereux. O. C. & Co 93. 

liexter Yarn Co 3(»9. 

Diamond Machine Co 268. 

Dickinson. George W 268. 

Donle, Charles B 111. 

Donley & Co 160. 

Dover. George W 102. 

Dunnell Branch L". S, Fin. Co, 264. 

Dunn Worsted Co 304. 

Draper, J, O, & Co 278. 

Dver Street Land Co.. Article. 139. 

Dyerville Mfg. Co 324. 

E 

Eagle Brewing Co 320. 

Kaele Dve Works 323. 

Eagle Mills 282. 

Eastern Electrotype Co 305. 



}y2 i\i»i;.\ 

Kiistdii A; Hill iiliaiii Ml li. Co. . . li.'iN. H Kern. Hiriiiaii 112 

Kililv. I'. S lliL'. Kirby. Thi' II. .\. Co IH 

lOcliiniiids. Ci'oi-.uc W '.M. i |m11,\ aiil Mfj; Co 14.'.. Knif;ht. li. H. A: K 4J 

h;iiz;ilj.'tli Mills ;!ir,. |||,|][| ,\' ^ Co . ........... . 25ti! Knuwics, .). li. i: S. M U 

Kliiiwood Hutloii Co St;. Hamliliii. John .\. . !. . !! 2;i!l. 

Knipiri' Kiilib.T Shoe Co ^tiit. H;,iiiiltoii. C.eoij^c 12t; 

Knlicld Mills I'l;;!. Hamilton & Hamilton. ,Ir 212 

Kss.T & Harry US. Hamilton Web Co 142. ,.,,.,,,..,,, ... ,. , , ,, 

^■■nhne^'r. Iv .) i::2. HamlLt 'IVxtileCo 172. \"'\^'^" ^ '^' ■ :^^^- 

Kxr.lsior .Ni,k,.l I'lalin.^ Wks. !>7. HamorU. Charlrs 10. Co 11.;. \"">"''-', ,^"'^; ',' ,. ! ^ '' 

KM-.lsior St, am Kii,i;in.- and Hand Hrcwins Co i',-' -'^^'•"- •'"'"' •■■*:< <> -i''-'- 

Ma.U.n,. Co i:U. ! . "l^ m^^,. Z}/ I-awton SiMnnin« Co 7S. 



I. 



Ilanlry & Mnrdy U 

llanli'y. The Jas. Hi'ewinK Co. :i2n. 



Jitlier. Charles .\. & Co 2.".S. 

laitlier. H. C. A: Co 12:;. 

Luthei-. William H. 4i Son.... i:;4. 



Lebanon .Mill Co Ijii;). 

,, ,, ,, .,,,. Lederer, 11. ii Hro IKi. 

F ^"'■'■'^"" .^ ^"■" *;,">■'■'"? ^ 'V.- ■ o.t >'■ I-fderer. S. & I! .-in. 

Harris W m. A Steam Im.k. Co. ... ,,,,(,,.„,, Knitting Mill 7!.. 

Kales A: .leaks .Marhine Co.. , 2i;i, art l-'-Ntile(o 2.1 Leonard. K. .\. 4: Co li;i 

Kails Yarn Co 2;iii. Harv.'V k Otis 12u. |^^^^.._. ^^^^^^^ ^^ .,.,.^ 

KaniiiKtoM, William V. ;W0. Haskell. Wm IK Mt^. Co :i22. |_j,,,,,.jj Worsfd Mills;::::;:: idi' 

Karwell Worste.l Mills 242. awes. ,eo^ A: Sons 4n. f.,,,,,., ,, ,, ^ ^.^^ 

'•""•■l*-.v. W. .1. Co 114. .■ath,-ote, .lohn & Son 1S4. , ;„,, Thomas W 100 

Keeley, .lames H. & Co :i7. »'iml"'rK'fr A: l-.n.l .H. , „„„„ ,„.„^ ^ ,,„ . 

Kield. Charles 11 :i7 Heller. .losejih A: C o ms. | ,„,,„, ^(^ ,-,, Ijc 

Finishing Wks. W.W. Iiininell. :;i7 Herresh..rf Mf.« C. 214 |;i|,,„,, \v,„den Co: :;:;;:;:: : 1% 

First Textile Mills of li. 1... 2N!i "'■'•"I;; ■^- '^,."- ,;■-• l.ittlen..ld MfK. Co 20(;: 

Fit/fierald. M. Ai Co II,-,, nks Holler \\ orks 2! .V j^j^.j^^^,,,,, ^^.„„|^.„ ^^,5,,^ .,^, 

Fleteher. Harrows A: Co 111. il .lames .Mfg. (o .... |_,„.|, \villiam A: Co 11-,. 

Fleteher Mtg. Co 11!,. oblen, K « ^ • ■ ■ ; •; , I.,>.S,.e, F.lf^ar 1.. A: .'o 1.17. 

Flint, Hlood Ai Co In.", H,dnies. (,eo. 11. A: Co l-d. |,„|^,|.||,. , .„ ^1, 

Klossell,. Mt;;, C„ -^r.i:. Hope Class Woj'ks ijl |^„,|,|.,„ Worsti'd' Co ::::::::: : 2:j7: 

Kol.som. I-", \V, A- Co 2:ai, Hope, .lohn & Sons -H. | ^^^.^| ^ ^,,^^^ ^1^. 

Foivsldale .MfK, Co 17:: Hope I'ap.^r Co 277, i::(;,i.raine MfK Co 'Ms' 

For,! Ic Carp,.iil.-r I IN Hope Valh.y Wool-'ii Co :i20, ,_„^^,^ ,,,,,^^,.,^ ,,,,,,1 ,,,.,, ^ ^ ; -„„; 

Fost.^r, Theodore Ai Hro, Co,,, 221, Hope W ehbum (o IS, ,,,„,,. |.;,|^^,j„ ^ ,.,, , .j 

Franklin .Maihine C,, :;,,, Hop,- Worsted Mills is. 

Fraser, .1, .M, A: Co ln;i, Hopkins .Machine Works S2 

P'rosi, .\lberl.. .. "l.". Horlon Hros :;2:; 

''■'•y H'-"-^ in, llo.is,.hohl S.-winK MarhineCo, 224, |.,,niansville Company 1S2 

Fnlfonl A; lloharl li:;, lli>wl.in,l Ar W he;iton ( o -11, ^^^.^^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^y • ^^.^ 

l''ni;ere. .1.1. ;; 7,1 limit, 4'lioinas (1 2o:;. 

FiilliM-. ,\lb.it !■■ Ii;i,. Hiiti bison A: HiP'Stis 124. 

Fuller, I'arpeiil,! A: Co :i4, Hnntooii A; Corham Co :;21. M 

Fuller, P'ri'deiirk B,dl FM'y, , , 271. 

Fuller. C'or.:;,' H. A; Son 2i;.'.. , .^Iainl■ Creamery Co S:!. 

Fiill.r Iron Works 27n. ' .Main. W. I'". Co 110. 

, , , ,,., , ,,., .Manchester Ai Hudson '.to. 

n,pro^ed S,.nnless Wii.. .0 II... ^,^,,,„ ,,,,^,,.,^^ ^ ..,,, 

G ndiis ries ot Rh, Islan.l... ... .\,.„„„n Mills :!,il. 

In.^raham. h, li,. .\,^,.nt , , ,., n , . M,,„„fa,.,„,-,.rs Specialties Co.. 2:-!9. 

Callaf;h,'r. .1. H. A:Co 122. International P.iir.Klar Hrool .\laii\ ill,. (',. 74. 

'.eneral Fire KMinfjuisbi-r Co. :!2!i. I.oidi C,i i.>, \]ai-, v Harry W ""S 

ceneya Mills 1-4^ int,.riak,-n Mills :;i-i, ;\,a,,i;.;, i, Kett i.'tv :::::::::: : n.i: 

<;et,liell, S, S, A: Son 221, '"'"^ *' li'issell 1.,.,, .\,.|,.,i„ (•„,„. jand & Co llS. 

Cilbane. William A; lirother, , , :; I , .Mason Mfi;, Co 71 . 

Clendal,' Wo<d,-n .Mill ::nl. .Mason. Th,' Kolu-it I ). Co 2.',ii: 

Coff, 1), a:- Sons L'7::, '' ,ilas,,n, X'oln.'V W, \- Co :;22. 

Cohismith A,- Hai-z:i,'if; 21. , , ,. ., ,, ,, ,, ,, .,, Mason W II -'o'l 

(•,,,.],.,,,, I,,-,, ,., ' . ackson "at, 'lit Slelj Uidl (o 211, ^^ ''son, \\ , ri _u.i. 

(.oHi.ini .Ml;;, ( o s, ,.„,.,,,,^ ,, ,,,, ..,, „,. , ,Ma\sonA;C,i IS. 

Cowdey. Th.' .1. .\. Hee,l & , i,m , "i, ,, r'-\ \!,'\usl-in .l..|in :;:!() 

ii.>,.>,.,^.^. c, ...1.1 .l,'n(d%s. (hares \\ . A: Hro 2.:t, ."'.>asi.iii .o.riii ,.hi. 

"■"■"^•'''" '•--■ |.,„c^ H,.„,.v F •17 -McCarn.n. .1, .\, A: Co 2.i;t. 

i.ranK.-r Foundry A: .M<di, Co, , IHl, ' ,"' ; \/, , ,. 'ir ,^,i,,ii,,,. ^,.,,,,.,. V' .McKni,i;hl .\rtiti,ial l.inihCo,, 11:i. 

'■'■^'1>^"" ^ Williams ,,;7. ' .^^.^'^''^ ,,'''. "^ ^'•'""- \-} McLaughlin. F, S, A:.'o 212. 

'•'■""'•■'■ \V, Chain Co 212, ' ^ ^, f o 'e J ;, ]'■■', McWilliams Mlg, Co 12o. 

Creen.- H Haniels Mfg. Co.... 2.;:i. ^ ''rM," 'o ''>' -^''■^"' ''^'^ Fugin,. Co 2n;5. 

':>-'-'>f Tb,. .-\. ..\, Co 104, ■'"""" •^"■- *" • M,.haiii,al F.-ibric Co 141. 

Creene. Ci'or.ge F, A: Co Iiii;. .Memke. II, 111 \ F i:i2. 

Cre,.ne. William C, A: Co lli;, 1^ .Merrill. S, K A: Co Liil. 

Cr.'envill,' .Mlg, Co ::- 1. ,\l,.,,air, C.'.irg,. .\ 222. 

<;reeiiw,i,Ml A: Ch.is,' 14.-,. K,.ai h A: Hrown 217, Milbr Press A: ,Ma,biiii' Co , , , , 2i:i, 

Cri.,nwi,h Hh'acb,-ry 272, K,m-, h. H, nry .A. C,i 21.-.. .Milh-r. William II, .Si Sons,,, I2o. 

Criinni. Th,. R. L. A.- Son Co. . 12s. Ki-n,lall .Mis. Co :;24. .Minahan, C A: Co Ill, 

Crimshaw, Crosslev .Mtg. Co.. loS. K,'n! .Mtg. Co >-ii. Miuto. .lames |i i;i. 

C.rosveiioMlah' C,i :;ii;. Kenworlhy. .1, A- Co 221, .Moom-y, F, H IIii. 

ilrover, S K A; Co 122, Kenyon, FA: Son :;it., Mooi,.: Sainii, ! A- Co i:;2. 

Ciieiin Spinniiii; (',, :!ii:;, K,.ii,\,iii, ,l,>hn ,1 .\ir«. Co 244, \|,ugaii. i:, A S.,ns :;:;o. 



L\i)i:\. 



333 



Morse, Kretloric \V 14!l. 

Morse. Rodolph W 91. 

Morton, James 322. 

Mossberg & Granville Mfg. Co. 115. 
Molt f'ovpring Co 217. 



N 



Karragansett .Mailiiiic Co 3U9. 

Nasonville Woolen Mill 245. 

National Button Co 160. 

National Card & Paper Co.... 257. 

National Klastic Webbing Co.. 148. 

National India Rubber Co 26C. 

National Faint Mfg. Co 70. 

National Pile Fabric- Co 220. 

National & Prov. Worsted Mills. 300. 

National King Traveler Co. . . . 162. 

Naushon Co 222. 

Navatt Brick Co 320. 

Newell. Fred K 258. 

N. K. Brush Co 322. 

New ICngland Butt Co 38. 

N. E. Electrolytic Copper Co.. 309. 

N. E. Steam Brick Co 320. 

New England Pearl Co 122. 

New England Thread Co 254. 

Newi)ort .Mfg. Co 313. 

Nicholson File Co 20. 

Nichols, J. 1). & Sons 301. 

Nichols* l.angworth.v Mch. Co. 316. 

Norcross Bros 164. 

Normand.v. Chas. O. & Co 91. 

North Scituate Cotton Mills.. 313. 

Nottingham Mill 273. 

Norton, William 141. 

Novelt.v Pearl Co 18. 



Oakdale Mfg. Co 224. 

Oakland Worsted Co 204. 

ODcninc'll .lewelr.v Co 104. 

Olne.v Brothers 198. 

Otis Bros 119. 

Oriental Mills 23. 

Oriental Silk Mfg. Co 135. 

Orr Brothers 264. 

Otsby & Barton Co 101. 



Palmer & Capron 115 

Parker Mills. Warren 21ti, 

Parks Bros. & Rogers 118, 

Pascoag. .Article 64 

Pawtucket Braided Line Co... 257, 

Pawtucket. City of 235, 

Pawtucket Dyeing & Bleaching 

Co. Works 310 

Pawtucket Foundry Co 308 

Pawtucket Mfg. Co 248. 

Pawtucket Spinning Ring Co.. 192 

Payne. Gorge W. & Co 277 

Pay. Charles & Co 198 

Peabody. David Ill 

Peace Dale Mfg. Co 68 

Pearce. F. T. & Co 122 

Pease. 1.. F. & Co 291 

Perforated Pad Co 71 

Perry. John W 253 



Perseveranie Worsted Co 245. 

Pervear, H. N 111. 

Phenix Iron Foundry 181. 

Phillips Insulated Wire Co 320. 

Phillips. The Thomas Co 136. 

Pluenix Si)inning Co 86. 

Pitkin. .\. B. .Machinery Co... 88. 

Place. Oscar K 109. 

Place, Wm. H. Mfg. Co 167. 

Plews. R. Mfg. Co 257. 

Pocasset Worsted Co 18. 

Pollard, A. & Co 111. 

Polsey. J. N. & Co 320. 

Potter, Earl A 186. 

Potter, E. A. & Co 115. 

Potter & Buffinton 95. 

Potter & .lohnson Machine Co.. 262. 

Prendergast. William H 65. 

Presbrey. A. A, & Son Co 13. 

Providence .Muminum Co 95. 

Providence .\rt Glass Co 33. 

Providence lielting Co 18. 

Providence Brass Foundry.... 37. 

Providence Brewing Co.. The.. 223. 

Providence. Citv of. Sketch.... 21. 

Prov. Dyeing. B'leach. & Cal.Co. 194. 

Providence Elec. & Plat. Wks. . 32. 

Providence Engineering Wks.. 196. 

Providence Gas Co 84. 

Providence Machine Co 16. 

Prov. Ornamental Iron Works. 321. 

Providence Sizing Co 237. 

Providence Stock Co 312. 

Providenc-e Telephone Co 58. 

Provnncher. Joseph 79. 

Prue, E. J. & Co 222. 



Quarters. William F 
Queen Dyeing Co. . . 
Quidnick Mfg. Co. . . 



R 

Randall, W. C 

Read & Lincoln 

Reliance Mill Company 

Reliance Worsted Co 

Remington, Horac-e & Son... 
R. 1. Braiding Machine Co. . . 

Rhode Island Brush Co 

R. 1. Card Board Co 

R. 1. Elevator & Machine Co. 

R. I. Engraving Co 

R. 1. Industrial ICxhibition. . . . 

Rhode Island Tool Co 

R. 1. Perkins Horse Shoe Co. 
Rhode Island Wire Works. . . 
R. 1. Mall(>able Iron Works. . 

Ric-e Ai Hay ward 

Richards. 1. P 

Richmond Mfg. Co 

River Si)inning Co 

Riverside Worsted Mills 

Rogers Screw Co 

Rodman Mfg. Co 

Royal W'eavin.g Co 

Roy. L. J. & Co 

Rumford Chemical Works. . . . 
Rusden Machine Co.. The.... 
Rycler. W. M 



2tl3. 
125. 
2.30. 



114. 
138. 
197. 
224. 

9,S. 

36. 
319. 
3W. 
2114. 
305. 
326. 
321). 
320, 
132. 
312. 
22:». 
3211. 
205. 
21.8. 
29S. 
312. 

87. 
257. 
126. 

26. 
266. 



Saxondale Worsted Mill 148. 

Sayles Bleacheries 238. 

Sayles & Co.. Fred I, 62. 

Sayles & Gilleran 302. 

Sayles & Sons. A. I, 62. 

Schofielcl, liattey & Co 130. 

Schofield, .loseph .1 322. 

Schwarzko|)f & Solinger 30. 

Scott. Henry L. & Co 83. 

Sheldon. William H. Estate... 211. 

Sherman. K. A IttU. 

Silver Spring Bleaching & Dye- 
ing Co 56. 

Silverman Bros 232. 

Simson & Kirkaldy 205. 

Simmons & Paye Mfg. Co 97. 

Slater Cotton Co 258. 

Slater Weaving Co 83. 

Slocomb. J. T. & Co 87. 

Smith Bros 92. 

Smith, B. K. & Co 107. 

Smith. George J. & Co 115. 

Smith Granite Co.. The 157. 

Smith, I. H 1<»8. 

Smith Webbing Co 264. 

Snow & Westcott 125. 

Solway Mills, The 155, 

Spencer, E, L, & Co 94, 

Spofford, William & Son 18 

Stafford Mfg. Co 241, 

St.anclard ,Iewelry Co 132, 

Stearns, A. L. & Co 239. 

Stone Worsted Mill (i5. 

Streeler & Co I no. 

Sullaway, C. E. & F. E 211. 

Sumniei-. Kotler & Scheiner... 228. 

Swarz. Fred M 237. 

Sweeney. William Co.. The.... 49. 

Sweet. A. H. & Son 302. 

Sweet. A. 1 119. 

Swinburne. Peckhain & Co.... H8. 



im. 



Taft .Machine Co 

Taft-Pierc-e Mfg. Co 

Talcott. Walter O 

Taylor. Charles E 

Tenney. A. E. Mfg. Co. .. 

Thayer. Ellis 

Thayer. P. E. cfe Co 

Thornton Bros 

Thointon. Frank I 

Thompson, H. F, Co 

Thui-ston Mfg. Co 

Tinkluim & Co.. William. 

Tockwotton Co 

Towel Rack & Novelty Co.. 

Tower. James H 

Townsend. Thomas 

Traftou. The Co 

Tucker. .1. C.. Jr 

Tuckcu-. T. C. & Co 

Tuttle. C, Warren 

Tutllc- a Stark 

u 



I'nion .lewelr.v Co 

I'nion Oil Co 

I'nion Wadding Co.. The. 
I iiitecl States Cotton Co. 



13. 
76. 



322. 



The. 



324. 
321. 
132. 
140. 
298. 
104. 

66. 

43. 
272. 
321. 
170. 
110. 

49. 
228, 
147, 

no. 



97, 
306, 
274. 



33-4 



i\i)i;x 



Ciilta r< 
Knillins 



III 

; I'll 

, W'iKll llddt 



r^iiii ('(I , . . 
ifiii. 



Villi. ■>■ Falls Co 

\'alli\v Worsted Mills. . 

Vausilin. I.. 4i ("o 

Veniicrlii'ik & C'lase. . . 
VfTiiioiil .Mffl. <'o.. 'Pin 
VpsIit. Alfn>il ii Son . . 

Vesta Kiiitliiif; Co 

\'ietor Sliaw Hiiin Travel 
\'oelUer. Ceoi'ge W. & Co 
Voelker. I'bilip I 



Waile. T 
Wall. A. 
Wanskm 
Warren. 



W 

esh.-l- 4; C. 

& Co 

Co 

I). A: Co. . 



:'.1J 

:',oii 
1 i:i 
11.". 



i:;s. 

IIS. 

:!J4. 
l-'M, 



Warren MIk. Co 

Warren. Town of 

Warwi.k Mills 

Wi'at her Ilea. 1. Tliotnpsoi 

Weeks Uros. Co 

W.-lch a Co 

Westerly, .\rtiel.' of. . . 
Westerl.v Silk Mill Co. . 
Wi'sterl.v Wooli'n Co. . . 

Weyhossel Mills 

What Cheer llr.'wer.v. . 
What Ch.'.M- Wir.' Wort 
Whippl.'. Cilh.'i-t I-'. . . 
Whili'h.'a.l Bros. Co. . 

Whit.'. .1. S. Co 

White, Stillinan 

White Stone .l.'Welr.v C( 

White. Zar." 

Whitteinor.>. K. W 

Whittl.' D.v.' Works. . .. 
Wi.-kf..nl W.Mil,.n-Worsl. 
Wi.kfor.l Worsted Mill 
Winhtniaii & Hoiinh Co 

Wil( ox. II. & Co 

Williiir. Hi'iijaniin 



i;.s 
L'i;i 
171 
■2\2 

l.-|0 

l.-.l) 
l.Ml 
2!i7 
:!l'n 

l.'^T 

i:;i 

J I.'. 

:',s 

|ll!< 
IS 

It!) 



lit: 



Williams 4: .Vii.lei-son llJT. 

Wjlkins. !■". H. & Co ITlJ. 

Williams. .M. F lit!. 

Williams & i'ayton 113. 

Wild. S. S. & Son 122. 

Wil.lprett & Saaike i:il. 

Wilkinson. C. A. ii Co IM. 

Wilson's Shoil.ly .Mill 27;). 

Witisor A; .l.'raMl.l MIV'. Co :!2il. 

Wolsteilholme .Mfg. Co 131. 

Wood, l-'reil .Maniifa.turiiiK Co. \77>. 

Woonsoeket liiaish Co ti.".. 

Woonsoiket, City of. Article... 71. 

Woon.soeket .Mill. & Press Co.. 2S4. 

Woonsoiket Napping Mcli. Co, 30ti. 

Woonsoeket Keed & ShnttleCo. 71. 

Woonsoeket R\il>her Co 2S1. 

Woonsoeket Shnttl.' Co 71. 

Woonso.ket WaKon .Mfg. Co , . . ItUi. 

Woonso. k.'t Worst.'. I Mills... 2110. 



Y 



Yoiini; Hr.i 



139. 



Portraits and Illustrations. 



A 

Adams. Coorge 122. 

Alniy. Darwin 46. 

.Mmv Water T\il)e Holler 4(;. 

Alray Water T. R. Co. Plant. . . 47. 
.\nieriran Klee. Works I'lants.. 189. 
American Hair ("loth Co. Plant. 2in. 
.•\ni. Screw Co. Factories. •")2. !>',i. .")4. 
Am. Ship Windlass Co. Works. 25. 
Amer. Woolen Co.s R. I. Mills. 299. 

Andrews. Frank H 22B. 

Andrews. Frederick W 22fi. 

Ann & Hope Mill 81. 

Arnold. Warren O IStJ. 

A. B. Pitkin Mch.Co. Salesrooms. 89. 
A. T. Atherton Mch. Co. Plant. 28(1. 

A. T.. Sayls & Sons Mills «3. 

B 

Halloa. Walter S 44. 

Barton. Robert 114. 

Battey. Charles W i;}<i. 

Beaman & Smith's Plant 35. 

Bens. William 131. 

Benj. Wilbur's Bobbin Works.. 177. 

BlodRett & Oiswell Co. Plant.. 311. 

Bosworth, Edrannd B 2(l5. 

Bosworth. Charles E 2ii5. 

Bourn. Aug. O.. Ex-Governor.. 23. 

Howen Building 112. 

Brady, .Tohn P 2(;s. 

liraitsch & Co. Factory 107. 

Brickley. Charles A 272. 

Bristol Harbor. View of 213 

Brown Buildin.g 1(13. 

Brown. 1). Russell, Ex-Governor. 101. 

Brown. Herbert E 119. 

Brown. James 252. 

Brown & Sharpe .Mt's. Co. Wks. 12. 

B. B. & R. Knight Mills 40. 

Bncklin. Edward C 314. 

Burglar Proof Lock 55. 

Burton. David 138. 

"Butterfly" Factory, View of. . 292. 

C 

Capron. Herbert S 232. 

Carpenter, A. 1 146. 

Caswell. Caleb A 140 

Central Falls. View of 241. 

Centreville Cot. Mill. View of. 169. 

Chalice. C.orham Mfg. Co 8. 

Champlin Building. View of... 217. 

Champlin, George B 216. 

Charnley. Charles F 148. 

Charnley. .Tames A 148. 

City Mch. Slubbing Fly Frame. 2S8. 

Clark. Harry C 197, 

Clark. Henry C 197. 

Clark. .John 1 32. 

Clark Mfg. Co. Salesrooms 33. 

Colenuin. Edward ,J. F 37. 

Columbian Steam Engine 196. 

Colvin Foundry Co. Plant 137. 

Colvin, Theodore H 136. 



Conant. Hezekiah 236. 

Conant. .lohn W 159. 

Cook. E. Clinton 127, 

Cook, Edward \ 127. 

Corliss Steam Eng. Co. Wks. . . 307. 

Cornell & .\ndrews 227. 

Cornell. William Oscar 226, 

Coronet Worsted Co. Mill No. 1. 202. 

Coronet Worsted Co. .Mill Xo. 2. 200. 

("ottrell. C. B 152. 

Cottrell. Calvert Byron 152. 

C. B. Cottrell & Sons Co. Plant. 153. 

C. B. Cottrell & Sons Co. Rotary 
Press 154. 

Crahan. .Marcus 229. 

Crandall. .lo.seph L 125. 

Cranston Worsted Mills. View 

of 215. 

Crompton Company Plant 179. 

Cromi)ton Co. Mill Tower 180. 

Crossley. Lawtoii 108. 

Cutler." Harry 3U2. 

Cutler Mfg. Co. Plant 209. 

[) 

Dart. E. M 216. 

Davis. Jeffrey 230. 

Davis. William D 230. 

Davol Rubber Co. Plant 48. 

D. C.off & Sons Plant 273. 

Devereux. Orin C 93. 

Dixon House Square. Westerly. 151. 

Dover. George W 102. 

Draper. James 278. 

Dunn Worsted Co. Xo. 1 Mill.. 304. 
Dunn Worsted Co. New Mill. . . 304. 
Dyer Street Land Co. Building. 139. 

E 

Eagle .Mills, two views 283. 

Earl A. Potter's Factory 186. 

Edniands. Benjamin B 36. 

Ellis. .John W 84. 

Elm Street Machine Shoj) 181. 

Emma Building 95. 

F 

Farnswortb. John P 194. 

Farwell Worsted Mills. View of. 242. 
Farwell Worsted Mills. No. 2.. 243. 
Finishing Wks..W.W. Dunnell. 317. 

Fletcher. Joseph E 199. 

Fletcher Mfg. Co. Plant 233. 

Foresdale Mfg. Co. Mill 174. 

Franklin Machine Co. Works.. 30. 

Eraser. .lohn M 109. 

F. B. Wilkins & Co. Factory. . . 176. 

Fuller Building 326. 

Fuller Iron Works Plant 270. 

Fuller Iron Works Foundrv.. 271. 
Fred 1,. Sayles & Co. Mills... G.3. 

a 

(■eneral Fire Kxtinguisher Co, . . 320. 
George W. Payne & Co. Works. 276. 
George W. Dover Plant 103. 



Gilbane. William & Bro.'s Plant, 31. 
Glass Steam Gauge. R. F. .Morse. 91. 

Golf. Lyman B 274. 

Gorham -Mfg. Co. Works 9. 

Graham. 'I'homas H 16 1. 

Granger Foundry Mch. Shop.. 191. 

Granger Foundry Works 192, 

Grant, George H 282. 

Grant. Joseph W 212. 

Greene & Daniels .Mfg. Co. PH. 263. 

Greene. George F 106. 

Greene, James A 142, 

Greene, Randolph .\ 106. 

Greene. William C 116. 

Greene. William S lo6. 

Gregory, William. Ex-Governor. 7. 

Griffith. Rufus L 128. 

Griffith. Walter A 128. 

Grinishaw. .-Xnios lo,s. 

Guerin Spinnin.g Co. Plant.... 3ii3. 



H 



Hart Textile Co. Factory 291. 

Hamlet Textile Co. Mill 173. 

Haley, Oswald C 2n4. 

Halkyard Mfg. Co. Building. . . 144. 

Halkvard. William 145. 

Hamilton Web Co. .Vlills 143. 

Harbor at Newport 330, 

Harris, William A 223, 

Harrison, Charles E 246. 

Harrison, Richard 246. 

Harrison Yarn & Dyeing Co. Pit. 247. 

Hambly. John H 230. 

Hawes, James A 305. 

Hazard Memorial. Peace Dale.. 68. 

Heathcote. John 184. 

Heathcote Tentering & Drying 

Machine 185. 

Heimberger. Charles J 96. 

Hill. Thomas J 16. 

Hinchliffe. William 175. 

Hood, Arnold S 36, 

Hope Webbing Co, Plant 319, 

Hopkins. .Addison S 82. 

Hopkins .Machine Wks. Plant. S3. 

Horton. Edgar K 323. 

Horton Egbert C 323. 

Howland & Wheaton Co. F'et'y. 211. 

Hudson. James S 90. 

Hu<'stis. Harvey 124. 

Hutchison, George W 124. 

I 

Interlaken .Mills, .\rkwright 

Mills 316. 

Interlaken Mills. Finishing 

Works 315. 

Interlaken .Mills. Harris .Mill.. 315. 

Irons. Charles F 133. 

J 

James Brown Machine Shop... 253. 

Jesse .Metcair Building 129. 

John J. Kenyon .Vlfg. Co. Plant 245. 



-.6 

Juliii K. Hr-L^v's I'lalini; WUs,, Ji;;i. 

losllii : I- C). Mills .-,1. 

Josliii William K .'iii. 

.loslii! William II .')(!. 

.III.-' 1 1 h iJaiiisau Kublicr Co, 

I'iaiit ^:,. 

.1. .>v I' Coats Tlu'i'ail Kactoi-ics :;:17. 

.1 II l>ra|n'i- a;- Co.'s Plant L'T'.t. 

K 

i\i'nynn, .luhii .1 L' 11. 

Kniulit. Hi'iijamin I! li;. 

Kiiisjlit. KoliiTt 4:;, 

Kllnwll'S. .Iiisi-])ll I! 1 1. 

L 

hawliiii Spiiuiiii^ Co. IMant .... T.s. 

I.II-. .losi'pli 11 :17. 

;,iiiil. I'cti'v ;ir, 

l.iiiil. Tlionias \V Imi. 

l.iiiton, KoliiTl J77. 

l.itllcliclii. .\1iimmI 11.. ICx-Cov.. . lim;. 

I.ipilitt, ('. Wal'l'rll. l';\.(ioV ."il'i. 

l.oiraini' .Ml.n. Co. I'laiit L'ls. 

Luther. Fn-il.'fick H KM. 

l.utluT. Henry C IJ::. 

I.iither. WilliMin II i:it. 

I.ytiiaiis\ ille Coin|iariy .Mill... l.s:;. 

M 

.Ma^ee. Tliomas K :!ii."i. 

.vlaili-llesler. Wallei- H '.m. 

.Maiiton. FranU S lil. 

-Mauutai-turers' liiiililiii.i; 117. 

.Maiiville .Mill 7.'). 

Many. Harry \V lil-'.s. 

Mason. Itobei-I 1) 2.".ii 

MrKenna. Frank L'."i7 

MrWilliams. .lohn IJ" 

.Mei haniral Fabric Co. Plant. . 111. 

.>Ii-rriman. Charles II 71 

Mil romeier Caliper. Sloeomb 

iV Co S7 

Miller. (!eorf;e \V lll'.i. 

.Miller. .Jeremiah W llil. 

Miller. William F llil. 

.Miller. William 11 PJl. 

Millins Maeiiiiie. lieaman .V- 

Smilh :M. 

.Miller Steam Itolary Cltli PrV I'Pi. 

.Millins .Maeli.. lirown A.- Sliarpe 11. 

.Moure. Samuel PI-. 

.Morse. FreileriiU W 1 I'.V 

Morse. Uoilolpli 1-' '.U. 

N 

.\ai rasiansett Piewinn Co :','2'i. 

Xatioiial Imlii Knblier Plant.. :;i'.7. 

X. !•; Butt Co Plant :;'.'. 

.s. !•:. ■Phreail Co.s Plants :;:..",. 

.Newport Telepholle 1 til i 111 i Il« . . HH 

Xieholsoii !■ ile Co. Plants :;i. 

.Xieliolsoii, Samuel .M iln. 

.Xoreross Pros. Snaiii Stone 

Works p;i 

Xoiinanily. Charles ( ) :i I 

() 

'lakilaie .Mm. Co Plant L".'.'.. 

Olney ,\lberl 11 P.i.s. 

Urswell. Kilmiiiiil W :;in. 

• Irswell. William W liM 

Ostby .Si Partoii Co P.uililiii!; . . lnl 

P 

Paine. Ceorue W 71'. 



1X1)1 x. 

Palmer, .lohn S ] i." 

I'arker Mills .Xo. L' iMn. 

Paisons. Cr. Ftiehmonil I7.S. 

Paseoas. VilUme ot i;4. 

PautiuUet. City ol. N'iews.... 2;U. 

Pautiiekei Falls i>:>-,. 

Pautiieket Foiinilry Co Plant. :;ii:i. 

Pawliii kit Telephone liiiililini; i;i. 

Peaie Dale .Mty. Co. Plant (i'j. 

Peine. William C HI. 

Peivear. Cliarles i-; I'llii. 

i'ervear. Henry .X 111. 

Phillips. lOiisene F \>is. 

I'hillips. K. Uowlanil I.SS. 

Philli]is. I''rank .X IS.S. 

Pitkin, .\lfreil H n:i. 

Plaee. tJsear K lii;i. 

Poeasset Worsted Mill i;i. 

Potter. Dexter P, ."..S. 

I'otter. Karl .\ l.^ii. 

Potter iV: .Johnson .Maehine Co. 

Plant ji;-. 

Preniler.i^ast's Worsted .Mill... i;.",. 

Pri/.e Cup. .J. li. & S.M.Knowles I.". 

Proviilenee Belting Co. Wks. .. is. 

Prov. 1).. B. * Cal. Co. Works. . P.i.'.. 

I'rovidenee lOnsjineerin.i; Wks.. Pi:;. 

I^rov. (las Co. Smith Station, .sil. 

Prov. (ias Co. West Station.. .s.',. 

Proviilenee Maehine Co. Wks.. 17. 

Pro\iilenee Tele|)hone Blilt;... .'.'.t. 

I'l ii\ idillee. \'ie\vs ot 4. 

Plin lllleller. .losepll 7'.'. 

Pro\iinrher Water 'I'lihe Boiler 7;i 

Q 

(jiiarters. William I-' L'n.';. 

(Jiiidnii k .Mis Co Mills L':!l. 

R 

Kelian.e .Mill V.<S. 

lteniiii.t,'ton. .\lbert .A '.is. 

Itemin^ton Biiildiiis '.i:i. 

Ueinington. Horace US. 

({ice. Herbert W lis. 

Kice. .1. William I's. 

Itichmond. I'" E 17s. 

Kiclimond. Howaril 17s. 

River Spin II in. s; Co. I'lant IMS. 

Kosers Screw Co. Plant I'l'J. 

Roy. Levi .J Lii;. 

Russell. Charles .\ p;:!. 

Riimrord Chem. Wks. Plants .. Jii-'J7 

R. .\. Shermairs Planini; .Mill . Ii.n 

R. I. Indus. Fxposition Views.. :!l'7 

s 

Sack. .\. .\lbert Isj 

..ayles. .Albert H r.i' 

Sayles Bleacheries. Works... 2:l!i. 

Sayles. Fred 1 ilL'. 

Sayles. William F l':;s. 

Sayles *; Cilleran .Mill :;iiL'. 

Sciiolielil, William .\ Kin. 

Silver Sprina: Bleach. ^ Dveins; 

Works .-.7. 

Simmons Hnililin.g In.".. 

Sisson. Charles .HS 

Slater Cotton Co Plant L'.Mi. 

Slater .Mill, i'awiui l>ei 2S'.i. 

Smith. Charles S litM. 

Sniilh. l-'red 1 4:1. 

Smith i'lianite Co. tjnarry l."is. 

Siiiil li. .lames icj. 



Smilh Webbing Co. plant 2»ir, 

Smith. William. ... "i)-) 

Social .Mill [" jf,' 

Solway .Mills if,- 

Soiithwick. I'llwin K i,;); 

Spencer. Kverett 1. ' 1.(4' 

Stanley, .\rthnr W 27S 

Starkweather. William C v^-[ 

"Stone House'. Stephen H. 

Smit li's 2'.r.i 

^"■'■'■'. ■■■'•'■'I S '.'.'.'.'..'. "hh. 

T 

TaltPeine MIk. Co. Works... ?i;. 

Tliayer. |-nilo E .-i^l. 

'rinuley, A. Curtis \i\-z. 

'rinkliain. William r,i\. 

The Roht. D. .Mason Co Plant . J.",l 

Tliomas. Charles K 17^'. 

'I'homas. Fred .\ i;,,,^ 

Thornloii. Frank L 1411. 

Thornton. .James T ss 

Thurston. Horace in) 

"I'reat. Robert B his 

Tiitlle. c Warn-ii 147. 

u 

I'. S. Ciitta Penha Paint Co. 

Works -nj. 

I'liion Trust Co. Biiildin-4 It;.'). 

I'nioii Waddins Co. Plant 2'7,. 

V 

N'ellllellM.CK. C. F I 1:!. 

\'enueriieek. Thomas R 1 l:i. 

\'oelker (.'loth Press Jiil. 

\oelker Dewiii.t; .Machine 222 

Voelker. C,eor«e W 22u. 

w 

Wai burton, l-'ranklin 10 2.'i4. 

Warbiirton. llari\ .\ 2.")4. 

Waiiiiirtoii Henry .\ 2.t4. 

Warren Mis;. Co.'.Mill 2us. 

Webst.u-. Henry I i4. 

Weeks Bros. Co. I-'actorv 171 

Weeks. FnMl .\ 171. 

Westerly Harlior. \'iew ol . . . l.'iii. 

Westerly Woolen Co. Mills. . . . 1 r,7. 

Westminster Street . \'iew ol . li. 

Whipiile's .Mill 1.S7, 

White, .\lberl C .-.s. 

While. SI illiiian :!s. 

Whillemore. Kendall W 14:i. 

Wilbur. Ben.iainin 177 

Williams. Daniel C li;7. 

Williams. .Manuel F 12i'.. 

Win. Tinkham >^- Co. Factory.. i;7- 

Wiiieliesler. Ciilmaii K :!i;. 

Wood, I-:, B I u; 

W.iod, h'rank 17.' 

Wood. .Manniim 17."i. 

Woonsockel Falls, N'iewot,... 77. 

Woonsockel. \'iew of Briikge. . :!2."i, 
Wooiisocket .Machine ii I'ress 

Co. Works 2S.-.. 

Woonsockel .\i. A: P. Co. Cloth 

IM-ess 2S7. 

Woonsockel Rubber Co. .\lice 

.Mill 2S1. 

Woonsockel. \'iew ot 72. 

W. S. Bosworth iMiiindry 2Iii. 

Win II Luther \,- Sou Factory I :'..'.. 

Y 

N' m, Wa.ler C SS, 



'LRGap76 






mm^a^mmm 



;'fRARy OF CONGRESS 



014 079 990 



7 h