Skip to main content

Full text of "Biographical and historical record of Putnam County, Indiana .."

See other formats


3 1833 01704 2182 

Go: 977.201 

record of Pun . 

## «E AND fl/ % 



«> nit I W 


Putnam County, Indiana. 


Cleveland, with accompanying Biographies of each; A Condensed History of the 

State of Indiana; Portraits and Biographies of some of the Prominent 

Men of the State; Engravings of Prominent Citizens, with 

Personal Histories of many of the Leading Families, 

and a Concise History of the County and its 

Cities and Villages. 

Reprinted 1967 
by Eastern Indiana Publishing Co. 
Box 57, Knight stown, Ind. 
(extra copies available) 


113 Adams Street, Chicago. 


Pates 1 through 178 were not re-printed in order to 

keep sell Lng price at a minimum 

These pages include history on Presidents and 

Prominent men of Ind. and no Putnam County history. 




George Washington 9 

Join. Adams. . .T 14 

Thomas Jefferson 20 

James Madison 26 

Jame3 Monroe 2-'! 

John Quincy Adams 38 

Andrew Jackson. 47 

Martin Van Buren 52 

William Henry Harrison 56 

John Tyler GO 

James K. Polk (it 

Zackary Taylor 68 

Millard Fillmore 73 

Franklin Pierce 72 

J: m'es Buchanan SO 

Abraham Lincoln 84 

Andrew Johnson 93 

Ulysses S. Grant DO 

tutherford B. Haves 102 

J ames A. Garfield' 109 

Chester A. Arthur 113 

Grov r Cleveland 117 


Xo I 

Former Occupants 123 

Pre-Historic Races 123 

Explorations by the Whites. . . .125 

National Policies 126 

Expeditions of Colonel George 

P. Clark 127 

Government of the Northwest. 120 
Expeditions of St. Clair and 

Wayne 132 

j Organization of Indiana Terri- 
tory 133 j 

I Governor Harrison and the In- 
dians 134 i 

! Civil Matters 136 

] Genera] Review 13(1 

j Organization of the Stale 137 

! Indiana in the Mexican War. ..138 
j Indiana in the War for the 

Union 138 

| Financial 148 

! Internal Improvements IYi 

! Geology 150 

! Agricultural 151 

; Educadonal. ... 151 

j Benevolent and Penal In.stilu- ' 

lions 154 


1 Oliver P. Morton .161 

! Thomas A. Hendricks 165 

I Schuyler Colfax 169 

James D. Williams 173 

Robert Dale Owen 177 


■^History of Putnam 



A. i Allee, Pleasant 470 

I Allee, W.N 447 

AC:? ns, E. C 387 ' Allen, Archibald 373 

Ader, Adam 444 | Allen, C. A 445 

Ader, David 347 \ Alien, G. T 066 




. 424 I Anderson, Josephus 515 

[Akers, Christopher 488 I Allen, J. R. M. 

Albm, F. G 390 ; Allen, William 

Alexander, 1". M. 
Allee, F. M.., 

, . 404 | Allen, W. W 

Badcei , O. P 504 

Band, J. R. 516 

Batman, W. F 461 

Baumunk, Peter 503 

Bayne, Thomas 3i>7 

Beadle, W. R 337 

Pence, G. W 459 

Hee, John 417 I Arnold, F. A 352 j Bickneil, George 389 


Bicknell, J.W 

.... 371 

Bicks, William 

.... 475 

Biddle, Richard 

.... 437 

Bishop, J. B 

.... 455 

Bishop, S. C 

.... 454 

Black, G. M... 

. . . 507 

Blue, D. A 

.... 484 

Blue, 11. C 

.... 483 

Boardman, W. W 

.... 889 


Boone, Daniel 

.... 330 

Bowen, Henry 

.... 424 

Bowen, J. B 

... 344 

Bowers, Peter 

.... 520 

Bowman, J. M 

.... 414 

Bridges, C S 

.... 42!) 

Bridges, J. C 

Bridges, J W 

.... 407 

Bridges, William 

.... 393 

. . . 32(5 

Broadstreet, J. C 

.... 451 

Broad street, Quinton 

.. . 402 

Brown, W. F 

.... 432 

Browning, Isaac 

.... 344 

Bryan, A. J 

Buis, L. M 


Buis,W. I 

.... 4-55 

Buis, W K 

.... 500 

Burnett, Isaac 

.... 307 

Buruside, W. A 

.... 397 

Butcher. Ellen 473 

Butler, John 331 

Campbell, L. L 487 

Carver, J.W 4G2 

Catherwood, Samuel 345 

Chamberlain, A. E 522 

Chamberlain, Benjamin 519 

Chamberlain, J. W 521 

Chastain, W. K 439 

Cline, Jacob 515 

... 480 
.... 300 
.... 449 
.... 4!)1 
.... 328 

Cox, S. A 420 

. . . 339 
.... 380 
.... 388 
.... 303 
.... 333 

Coftman, A. II 

Colliugs, Archibald. 

Cooper, W. M 

Couchman, J. N.. . . 
Cow gill, E. P 

Cox, W. M 

Cox, W. S 

Cromwell, J. Q 

Crosby, Jacob 

Cross, J. B 

Crow, E. H 451 

Cully, J. F 
Curtis, J. A. 


Daniel, Alexander 423 

Darnall, D. T 358 

Darnall, H.C 450 

Daruall, Samuel 325 

Davis, Pi. S 409 

Dawson, W. E 403 

Day, I. M 489 

Dennv, J iraes 433 

Denny, j. T 435 

Detrick, John 405 

Dickerson, Henry 332 

Dicks, Enoch 518 

Dills, William 4-31 

Dobbs, II. II 431 

Dobbs, Joel 374 

Donald, John 410 

Donnohue, J. 31 406 


Ecgcrs, J. W 356 

Elliott, H.C 513 

Elliott. J. M 498 

Elliott, Franklin 349 

Ellis, Joseph 481 

Ellis, O. W 350 

Epperson, Daniel 308 

Evans, Sylvester 372 

Evens, A. W 370 


Farmer, Aleany 516 

Farmer, W. A. 334 

Furrow, D. P 470 

Farver, G. W 500 

Fordice, A. 472 

Fordice, Rebecca 483 

Fosher, John 354 

Foster, C. T 474 

Foster, E. C 450 

Foster, J. P 444 

Frakes, Jane B 422 

Fyffe, J.T 430 

Fyffe, Thomas 353 


Gardner, F. B 459 

Gardner. G. W 478 

Gardner, Samuel 509 

Gardner, W. II 359 

Garnell,C.T 452 

George, A. W 460 

Gibson, J. M 476 

Gillesj ey, Thomas 445 

Girton, J. A 376 

Glazebrook, L. D 443 

Glidewell, W. K 503 

Gordon, G. C 463 

Gotham, Alexander 364 

Gorham, J. W 371 

Goulding, W. O . . . : 361 

Grubb, G. W 473 


Haddan, J. W 329 

Haines. D. W 368 

Hamilton, H. L 497 

Hamrick, J. R. M 514 

Hargrave, C. T 373 

Harlan, J. S 518 

Harris, W. C 430 

Hartman, G. D 416 

Hasty, Levi 498 

Hathaway, George 349 

Hathaway, R. L 338 

Heaviu, Joel 381 

Hendrix, G. \V 484 

Ilendrix.J. II 495 

Henry, D. L 47;{ 

Hennon, H. E 40s 

Herod, J. II 486 

Hill, James 508 

Hillis, A. T 498 

Hillis, G. B 348 

Hillis, J. L 350 

Hood, Robert 355 

Hope, J. A 361 

Horn, A. II 519 

Horn, J.T 502 

Iloskins. A. A 500 

Houck, David 336 

Hubbard, P. L 435 

Huffman, J. A 408 

Hunter, Henry 509 

Hurst, Calvin* 419 

Hurst, Jackson 478 

Hurst, Jefferson 404 

Hurst, J. II. 375 

Hurst, Levi 441 

Hurst, M. M 474 

Hurst, S.J 390 

Hurst, William 398 

Hutchison, Dudley 343 

.Ingram, Aaron. 
Ingram, J. A.. 
Irwin, S. D 



Jackson, J. A 448 

Jackson, Thomas 370 

James, S. P 407 

James, Thomas 403 i 

Job,T. N 510 | 

Job, Thomas 340 I 

Johnson, Susan M 427 

Jones, Benjamin. 405 

Jones, J. C 334 

Jones, P. A 41,5 

Jones, R. T 4W» 

Jones, S. T 398 

Keller, S.L... 
King, J. R... 
Knetzer.F. M. 




Landes, Christian. 

Lane, E. T 

Lane, O. F 

Langsdale, G. J . . 
Larkin, G. N 


Latham Stephen 422 

Layman, D. W 494 


Leachinau, P. M. 


Leachman, James 409 

Lee, Joseph 34G 

Lee, Noah 508 

Lee, William 482 

Long, Thomas 327 

Lucas, II. W 487 

Pickel, A. H 

1 Preston, J. L 

Prichard, W. K. . 

Puroell, W. M. . . . 
J Pursell, William. 



39 1 



Quiun, J. E 358 

Macy D. W 


Malum, J. K 


Mason, Wickliffe 

. ... 414 

Mayhall, Rev. A. S 


McCammack, Robert. . . . 


McCarty, William 


McCarty, W. T 


McClary, James 

.... 382 

McCorkle, Milton. .. 


McCorniick, W. C 


McCoy, A. T 


McCoy, Willis 


McCray, Fleming 


McCray, William 


McElroy, W. R 

.. .. 520 

McFadden, W. A 


McGinuiss, J. T 


McGiuuiss, Reuben 


McLean, P. E 

McMurtry, J. A 


McNarv, J. W 



McVay, James 


McVay J S 

. 377 

McVay', W. H 


Merrick, W. T 



Millman, J. S 

. ... 426 

Mills, L. B 


Moore, T. A 


Morlan, A. J 

.... 407 

Mullinix, Prementer 



I Talbott, J. E 479 

I Tennant, J. G 410 

! Tennant, W. E 493 

Thomas, William 456 

Tolin, A. B 508 

Trucksess, Theodore 449 

Tucker, Ephraim 333 



i Ragan, Reuben. . 

Raines, C. G .... 

Rambo,D. II 

Randel, II. M 

Beat, J. C 

Reel. D. M 

! Reeves, Stacy L.. 
! Reeves, Stacy 

Renick, Gasper. . 
I Riggle, Spencer.. 

| Risk, J. W 

i Robinson, J. 11 . . 
j Robinson. Samuel 
i Rogers, Dudley. . 
! Rogers. J. C 

Rollings, Robert. 

j Ross, J. B 

I Ross. W. W 

I Ruark, T. J 

I Rudisill, M. B... 

j Rule, Jacob 

i Rule, Thomas.... 


301 j 

VanCleve, S. B 

Vatighau, J. L 

Vaughan, S. P 

Vermillion, Bev. Joel 
Verm. 11 ion, T. S 


Walker, W. 

Wallace, Elijah 

Wain, John 

I Walsh, Thomas 

j Watkins, J. II 

| Wells, W. A 

Wems, G. B 

I Weesner, Jacob , 

| Williams, W. B 

I Williamson, D. E 

Wilson, Abel , 

Wilson, II. C 

Wilson, J. II 

Wilson, John 




. . 496 
.. 400 
. . 489 
. . ~?*3 

. 485 
.. 427 
. . 521 
.. 378 

. 335 
.. 343 


Naugle, W. E 412 

Neff, W. G 453 

Nelson, F. P 413 

Nelson, J. H. C 374 

Newnam, William 395 

Nutgrass, James 452 

O'llair, J. E 441 

O'Hair, J. E. M 411 

Oliver, M. H 501 

Parker, II. H 381 

Pearcy, S. 410 

Peck, Daniel 380 

Perry, H. H 354 

Perry, I.S 485 

Perry, J. S 475 

Sallust, John. 
Sandy, A. II. 
Sandy, John. 
Sandy, P. M 
Sandy, W. B 






j Schultz, Nicholas 360 

! Scobee, Robert 517 

! Shannon, I. F 381 

I Sharp, J. M 387 

| Shields, E. W 423 

Shields, Henry 302 

i Shields, Jacob 302 

j Shoemaker, I). E 332 

Shoptaugh, G. P 521 

Slavens, John 447 

Smith, A. A 385 

Smith, L. B 400 

Smyth, G. C 402 

Staley, Sampson 491 

! Stanley, J. W 420 

j Stanlev, Logau 499 

I Stewart, L. II 432 

I Stoner, Jonathan 513 

j Stoner, J. W 404 

Stoner, P. S 507 

Straughan, N. S 401 

Summers, G. 1 492 

Sv.therlin, G. W 398 

Swindle, Elijah 481 




Wimmer, W. P. 488 

Wood, Elisha. 
Wright, A. F. 



Wright, A. M 421 

Wright, Ezekiel.. 
Wright. Rev. Nelson. 

Wright, P. W 

Wright, William.... 
Wysong, B. G 

Yeates, W. W 
Young, W. M. 





Introductory 183 

Scientific . .' 187 

Indians 202 

Early and Civil History 20« 

Township Sketches 215 

Pioneer Life 238 

Political 265 

The Civil War 272 

The Press 294 

Courts and Bar 297 

Educational 302 

Miscellaueous 308 

Towns 313 



Auams Jolm. . . . 
Adams, John Quiney 
Arthur, Chester A. 


Bridges, William 
Buchanan, James 
Cleveland, Grover. 
Colfax, Schuyler . . 
Fillmore, Millard . 
Garfield, James A. 
Grant, Ulysses S . 

Grubb, G.W 

Harrison, William Henry 
Hayes, Rutherford 13. 

Hendricks, Thomas A 
Jackson, Andrew 
Jefferson, Thomas 
Johnson, Andrew. 
Lincoln, Abraham 
Madison, James. . . 
Monroe, James. . . 
Morton, Oliver P. . 


. W 
, 21 


Owen, Hubert Dale 17 

Pierce, Franklin 7 

Polk, James K 6 

Taylor, Zachary (i 

Tyler, John G 

Van Buren, Martin 58 

Washington, George 8 

Williams, James D 172 

Williamson, 1). E U2 


m~§ <r 


"3 <T? 


I '-'i 








rr^ # ^ 




^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^§ § 



{j| ^■INTRODUCTORY.^ f| 


'II IX two brief genera- 
tions tt wild waste of 
unbroken wilderness 
lias been transformed 
into a cultivated re- 
^p^, gion of thrift and pros- 
Sfife. ^ ^ perity, by the untiring zeal 
and energy of an enterprising peo- 
ple. The trails of hunters and 
trappers have given plaee to rai 
roads and thoroughfares for vehicles 
of every description; the cabins 
ami garden patches of the pioneers 
have been succeeded by comfortable 
houses and broad fields of waving 
grain, with school-houses, churches, mills. 
]>os?oftices and other institutions of conven- 
ience for each community. Add to these 
the prosperous city of Greencastle, and nu- 
merous thriving villages, with extensive busi- 
ness and manufacturing interests, and the 
result is a work of which all concerned may 
well be proud. 

The record of this marvelous change is 
history, and the most important that can be 
written. For sixty five years the people of 
Putnam County have been making a history 
that for thrilling interest, grand practical re- 
sults, and lessons that may be perused with 

profit by citizens of other regions, will com- 
pare favorably with the narrative of the his- 
tory of any county in the Xorthwest; and. 
; considering the extent of territory involved, 
i it. is as worthy of the pen of a Bancroft, as 
! even the story of our glorious Republic. 
; While our venerable mice-tors may have said 
i and believed 

" No pent up 1'iir.a contracts our powers, 
For thp whole boundless continent is ours, 1 ' 

j they were nevertheless for a long time con- 
I tent. t<> occupy and possess a very small cor- 
I ner of it; and the great West was not opened 
! to industry and civilization until a variety 
' of causes had combined to form, as it were, a 
j great heart, whose animating principle was 
i improvement, whose impulses annually sent 
j westward armies of noble men and women. 
j and whose pulse is now felt throughout the 
i length and breadth of the best country the 
sun ever shone upon— from the pineries of 
Maine to the vineyards of California, mi'! 

j from the sugar-canes of Louisiana to the 


j wheat, fields of Minnesota. Long may this 

i heart beat and push forward its arteries and 

veins of commerce. 

Not more from choice than from enforced 

I necessity did the old pioneers bid farewell to 

• the play-ground of their childhood and the 


graves of their fathers. One generation after | the garden of the Union — they have found 
another had worn themselves out in the ser- inviting homes for each, and room for all. 
vice of their avaricious landlords. From the j To secure and adorn those homes more than 
first flashes of daylight in the morning till ordinary ambition was required, greater than 
Lhe last glimmer of the setting sun, they had ordinary endurance demanded, and untlineh- 
ioiied unceasingly on, from father to son, 1 ing determination was; by the force of neees- 
earrying borne each day on their aching sity, written over every brow. It was not 
shoulders the precious proceeds of their daily pomp, or parade, or glittering show that the 
labor. Money and pride and power were , pioneers Mere after. They sought for homes 
handed down in the line of succession from which they could call their own, homes for 
the rich father to his son, while unceasing themselves and homes for their children. 
work and continuous poverty and everlasting How well they have succeeded after a strug- 
obscurity were the heritage of the working- gle of many years against the adverse tides 
man and his children. let the records and tax-gatherers testily; let 

Their society was graded and degraded, the broad cultivated fields and fruit-bearing 
It was not manners, nor industry, nor educa- orchards, the Hocks and the herds, the pala- 
tum, nor qualities y>t' the head and heart that tial residences, and places of business, the 
established the grade. It was money and spacious halls, the clattering car-wheels and 
jewels, and silk and satin, and broadcloth and ponderous engines all testify, 
imperious pride that triumphed over honest There was a time when pioneers waded 
poverty and trampled the poor man and his through deep snows, across bridgeless rivers, 
children under the iron heel. The children and through bottomless sloughs, a score ot 
of the rich and poor were not permitted to miles to mill or market, and when more time 
mingle with and to love each other. Court- was required to reach and return from mar- 
ship was more the work of the parents than ket than is new required to cross the eonti- 
of the sons and daughters. The golden calf nent or traverse the Atlantic. These were 
was the key to matrimony. To perpetuate j the times when our palaces were constructed 
a self-constituted aristocracy, without power j of logs and covered with ''shakes" rived 
of brain, or the rich blood of royalty, purse from the forest trees. These were the times 
was united to purse, and cousin with cousin, ; when our children were stowed, away for the 
in bonds of matrimony, until the virus boil- night in the low. dark attics, among the 
ing in their blood was transmitted by the j horns of the elk and the deer, and where 
Saw of inheritance from one generation to j through the (dinks in the u shakes " they 
another, and until nerves powerless and man- j could count the twinkling stars. These were 
hood dwarfed were on exhibition everywhere, ' the times when our chairs and bedsteads were 
ami everywhere abhorred. For the sons and hewn from the forest trees, and tables and 
daughters of the poor man to remain there ; bureaus constructed from the boxes in which 
was to forever follow as our fathers had fob j their goods were brought. These were the 
lowed, and never to lead; to submit, but j times when the workingman labored six and 
never to rule; to obey, but never to command, sometimes seven days in the week, and all 

Without money, or prestige, or influential the hours there were in a day from sunrise 
friends, the old pioneers drifted along one by to sunset. 
one, from State to State, until in Indiana - Whether all succeeded in what they under- 


took Is not a question to be asked now. The the great crane hangs the old tea-kettle and 
proof that as a body they did succeed is al! ; the great iron pot. The huge shovel and 
around us. Many individuals were perhaps i tongs stand sentinel in either corner, while 
disappointed. Fortunes and misfortunes be- . the great andirons patiently wait for the huge 
long to the human race. Not every man can back-log. Over the fire-place hangs the 
have a school-house on the corner of his trusty rifle. To the right of the tire-place 
farm: not every man can have a bridge over stands the spinning wheel, while in the 
a stream that flows by his dwelling; not every ( farther end of the room is seen the old- 
man can have a railroad depot on the borders fashioned loom. Strings of drying apples and 
of his plantation, or a city in its center: and poles of drying pumpkins are overhead. Op- 
while these tilings are desirable in some re- posite the door in which yon enter stands a 
spects, their advantages are often times out- huge deal table; by its side the dresser whose 
weighed by the almost perpetual presence of pewter plates and '• shining delf" catch and 
the foreign beggar, the dreaded tram]), the reflect the lire-place ilanies as shields of ar- 
l'ear of tire and conflagration, and the insecu- mies do the sunshine. From the corner of its 
rity from the presence of the midnight bur- shelves coyly peep out the relics of former 
glar, and the hold, bad men and women who china. In a curtained comer and hid from 
lurk in ambush and infest the village-. The casual sight we find the mother's bed, and 
good things of this earth are not all to be under it the trundle-bed, while near them a 
found in any one place; but if more is to be ladder indicates the loft where the older 
found in one than another, that place is in children sleep. To the left ^\' the fire-place 
our rural retreats, our quiet homes outside of and in the corner opposite the spinninrr wheel 
the clamor and turmoil of city life. is the mother's work-stand. Upon it lies the 

In viewing the blessings which surround . Bible, evidently much \\>n\, its family record 

us. then, we should reverence those who have telling of parents and friends a long way off, 

made them possible, and ever fondly cherish and telling, too, of children 

in memory the sturdy old pioneer and his " Scattered like roses in bloom, 

lo"" cabin Some at the bridal, seme at the tomb.'' 

Let us turn our eyes and thoughts back Her spectacles, as if but just used, are in- 
to the log cabin days of a quarter of a cen- serted between the leaves of her Bible, and 
tury ago, and contrast those homes with com- tell of her purpose to return to its comforts 
fortable homes of to-day. Before us stands when care.- permit and duty is done. A stool, 
the old log cabin. Let us enter. Instinct- a bench, well notched and whittled and 
ively the head is uncovered in token of rev- carved, and a few chairs complete the furni- 
erence to this relic of ancestral beginnings, ture of the room, and all stand on a coarse 
early struggles and final triumphs. To the but well-scoured floor. 

left is the deep, wide fire-place, in whose Let us for a moment watch the city visit- 
commodious space a group of children may ors to this humble cabin, The city bride. 
sit by the fire, and up through the chimney innocent but thoughtles.-. and ignorant of 
may count the stars, while ghostly stories of labor and care, asks her city-bred husband, 
witches and giants, and still more thrilling lt Pray, what savages set this up?" Honestly 
stories of Indians and wild beasts, are wins- confessing his ignorance, he replies, " I do 
peringiy told and shudderingly heard. On I not know." But see the pair upon whom age 



sit;? "frosty, hut kindly." First, as they en- 
ter, they give a rapid glance about the eahin 
home, and then a mutual glance of eye to eye. 
Why do tears start and till their eyes? Why 
do lips quiver? There are many who know 
why; but who that has not learned in the 
school of experience the full meaning of all 
these symbols of trials and privations, of 
loneliness and danger, can comprehend the 
story that they tell to the pioneer? Within 

| this chinked and mud-daubed cabin we read 
; the first pages of our history, and as we re- 
tire through its low doorway, and note the 
: heavy-battened door, its wooden hinges and 
its welcoming latch-string, is it strange that 
j the scenes without should seem to be but a 
! dream? But the cabin and the palace, stand- 
I ing side by side in vivid contrast, tell their 
j own story of this people's progress. They 
I are a history and a prophecy in one. 




s» TIE comity forming the' Floyd, Franklin, Greencastle, Jackson, Jeffer- 

subject of this volume is j son, Madison, Marion, Mill Creek, Monroe, 

«T located not far from tlie j Russell, Warren and Washington. The last 

'I? center of Indiana, and is | named is nine miles north and south by six 

midway between Tndi- ! miles east and west, and is the largest town- 

anapolis and the west- ! ship in the county. Cioverdale is next in 

|gp' ern boundary of the State. It ! size, having a length east and west of twelve 
bounded on the north by \ miles, and a breadth north and south of four 
Montgomery County, on the east ! miles. Warren and Jefferson are five miles 
by Hendricks and Morgan coun- ; north and south by five miles east and west, 
ties, on the south by Owen and All the other townships are six miles square, 
Clay counties, and on the west ! except Mill Creek, the smallest in the county, 
by Clay and Parke counties. It It comprises that territory between Mill 
contains an area of 497 square Creek and the line dividing ranges 2 and 3, 
miles, embracing a little less than j and south of the line dividing sections 19 and 

one sixty -eighth part of the entire surface of ; 30 of township 13 north, range 2 west. 

the State. It contains twelve whole congres- j 

sional townships, numbered 13, 14, 15 and j 


16 north, in ranges 3. 4, and 5 west, and five 
fractional townships (12 north, in ranges 3, 4 
and 5 west, and 13 and 14 north, range 3 
west). In all, the area is not quite that of 
fourteen congressional townships. For local 

In the eastern portion of the county the 
surface is level or gently undulating, afford- 
ing vast fields for tillage and for meadows. 
The flat lands on the divide between the 
headwaters of Walnut Creek and those of 

purposes the county is divided into fourteen i the tributaries of Sugar Creek, lying princi- 
civil townships, named Clinton, Cioverdale, ! pally within Boone County, extend into the 



extreme northeast corner of Putnam, some- 
times requiring artificial drainage to render 
the land productive. The northern and north- 
western .portions of the county are rolling, 
affordingsome of the finest pasturage to be 
found even in that remarkable belt of pasture 
lands lying along the fortieth parallel of 
north latitude. The hills along Little Wal- 
nut, Walnut and Lower Deer Creek at times 
rise into lofty cliffs, while the valleys along 
these streams and at the mouths of their 
tributaries furnish as tine fields for grain as 
those of the best river bottoms. 

The water-shed of the county is to the 
southwest. It is traversed by Walnut Fork 
of Eel River, from northeast to southwest, 
which has for its principal tributaries, on the 
west Little Walnut, on the east Warford's 
Branch and Deer Creek. The northwest 
portion of the county is drained by Raccoon 
Creek, while the southeastern portion finds 
its drainage in Mill Creek. The county is 
thus divided into three geographical sections. 
Each of these streams draws supplies from 
almost innumerable smaller streams, which 
form a complete net- work of branches 
throughout the extent of the county, furnish- 
ing to it a complete system of drainage for 
almost every part. 

The entire surface of the county was orig- 
inally covered with a dense forest of valuable 
timber. The beauty of these woods could 
scarcely be surpassed in the world. The 
trees were tall, straight and symmetrical, 
and were of great variety. Here grew side 
by side the majestic poplar, walnut and oak, 
the sturdy sugar-maple and beech, in com- 
pany with the tall, lithe hickory. The dif- 
ferent kinds were not evenly dispersed over 
the ground, nor yet scattered at random. In 
one locality one kind prevailed, whilst in 

1 other localities other kinds were more numer- 
; ous. The ridges and the dry limestone land 
j generally produced the sugar-maple, inter- 
i spersed with clumps of poplar 'and black 
I walnut. The cold, wet lands were covered 
| with the beech, hickory and red oak, while 
f the bluffs along the margin!? of the creeks 
| were crowned with the huge trunks and 
I spreading tops of the white oak. Resides 
! those named, there was a great variety of 
i other kinds of timber less valuable for pur- 
I poses of manufacture and commerce, but 
I enhancing the grandeur of the solitude that 
i reigned in the midst of their shades. The 
j place of fruit-trees was supplied by the wild 
j plum and the black haw, with an occasional 
j wild crab and persimmon. Some of; these 
I ancient monarchs of the woods, maple, pop- 
| lar and oak — guardians of a thousand years, 
I may still be seen around the ri m of tin* ffarm 
lands, like sentries of the ages as they |y. : 

After the Indians were Jpne, - a ^- tne 
annual burning of the .Av6od^.%eased, inhere 
grew up a dense undergrowth, and the high- 
ways of the early settlers consisted of narrow 
trails through the brush, the thickness of 
which may be illustrated by the statement of 
a pioneer that when driving cattle from place 
to place they often tied hand-spikes across 
their foreheads, which prevented them from 
leaving the trail. 


There are in the county three toll roads, J 
aggregating 47 miles, and 140 miles of free 
gravel roads, or in all 187 miles of roads that 
are good at all times of the year, reaching to 
nearly every part of the county. There are I 
four railroads that cross Putnam County — ; 
the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago north 
and south, and the Indianapolis, Decatur & 
Springfield, Indianapolis & St. Louis, and 
Vandalia roads east and west. : The combined 



mileage of these roads in Putnam County 'is 
89.99. These have twelve stations, affording 
convenient shipping facilities for every por- 
tion of the county. 

Within the space allowed us in this work, 
it is impossible to give a complete analysis of 
this locality, and the various causes which 
modify it from year to year. In this region 
we are free alike from the Arctic blasts of a 
New England winter and the enervating heat 
of the Gulf States; but as often as once in 
eight or ten years we are visited by a Polar 
wave, which continues for a greater or less 
length of time, sometimes giving ns for sev- 
eral weeks a fair exhibition of a Labrador 
winter; and about as often the current sets in 
the other direction, and we have for a season 
the isothermal of the Tropics transferred to 
Putnam County. 

This oscillation of temperature in different 
seasons and in the same season is owing to 
the vast extent of a comparatively level land, 
unobstructed by mountain or large body of 
water, from Hudson's Pay to the Gulf of 
Mexico. The average temperature for twen- 
ty-five years past, during the winter months, 
at Indianapolis, was 35° Fahrenheit, or three 
degrees above freezing point. In Putnam 
County, owing to its greater elevation, the 
average mnst be somewhat less, about 32°. 
The mean annual temperature at Indianapolis, 
as obtained from fifteen years' observation, is 
55°. •••• 

The number of days on which it rained or 
snowed in Putnam County in 1884 was 131. 
The average number of days in the year in 
which it rains and snows in Indianapolis is 
128. The average annual depth of rainfall 
may be set at from forty-three to forty-five 
inches. The greatest number of rainy days 
occur in the month of March. The greatest 

rainfall of the year is closely contested by 
March and June. 

The prevailing winds of this region are 
from southwest to northwest; the coldest are 
from a point between west and northwest, and 
the warmest from a little west to southwest. 

This is very nearly a climate of latitude; its 
elevation of 1,000 feet makes it a little colder, 
and there is a greater rainfall and more fre- 
quent atmospheric changes than generally 
occur in this latitude in places so far from 
the sea. This is caused by the position of 
the county, on the line of interchange of 
winds between the gulf and the great lakes. 
The water of the great, lakes maintains in 
summer time a much lower degree of tem- 
perature than the land, and the winds from 
the Gulf of Mexico, freighted with moisture 
and unobstructed by mountain ranges, meet 
with no cooling surface to condense their va- 
pors, until they come in contact with the 
cool atmosphere in the lake region, when 
densation begins, and soon a storm is the re- 
sult, which backs southward until this region 
is favored with a thunder stonn from the 
northwest. For this reason long continued 
droughts rarely pecur in this region; and when 
they do occur they are generally ended by a 
storm from the north we.- f., produced by the 
above causes. 

Thus it is seen that the position of Putnam 
County is a. fortunate one, and that to mur- 
mur, on. account of the frequent changes of 
weather, or at " cold snaps " in spring, is 
double blasphemy; for such are the results 
of these fortuitous climatic conditions. "W b, »n 
droughts occur, it is when the wind cones 
from a point a little north of southwe <\ 
and has been deprived of its moisture 
in its passage over the mountains of Arizona 
and New Mexico. The most steady and long- 
continued rains in this region are from the 
east and southeast. 



Since the early settlement of the country 
changes have been taking place which have, 
to a considerable extent, modified the climate, 
i d these changes will continue until a further 
ra dification of it will be observed. Dr. II. 
I. Brown, in his chapter on the climate of 
Indiana, in the Historical Atlas of Indiana, 
says: " The greater portion of this State was 
originally covered with a dense forest, which, 
aided by the thick undergrowth of shrubs 
and weeds, completely shut out the earth from 
the direct rays of the sun, and greatly ob- 
structed the free circulation of the air. The 
great level plain which embraces the greater 
portion of the State, receiving the water from 
the melting of the winter's snow and ice, and 
from the spring rains, retained most of it 
through the spring and summer, the drainage 
being obstructed by driftwood, leaves, grow- 
ing vegetation, etc. 

"•This water, slowly evaporating, tempered 
the summer heat and gave a moist and cool 
atmosphere. In winter the sweep of the cold 
northwest wind was broken by Vests, and 
the freezing of so large an amount of surface 
water as was retained from the tall rains gave 
oil' heat enough to sensibly modify the win- 
ter cold. 

"The earth, covered with a heavy coat of 
autumn leaves and decaying weeds, scarcely 
froze during the winter, and as soon as the 
spring sunshine warmed the air, the earth 
was in a condition to respond by an early 
growth of vegetation. So, in the fall, the 
earth, not having been heated by the summer 
sun, soon felt the influence of the autumn 
winds and frosts, and winter came early. 

"Now the forests have disappeared to 
make room for cultivated fields and the earth 
receives the direct rays of the sun, and the 
air circulates freely, obstructions have been 
removed from the streams, and artificial 
drainage has in many places been added. 

The cultivated lands in many districts have 
been underdrained with tile, so that the melt- 
ing snows and spring floods are carried away 
directly, and but little moisture remains to 
temper the summer heat by evaporation. 

"The earth, relieved by drainage of its re- 
dundant moisture, and stripped of its pro- 
tecting forests, is exposed to the direct rays 
of the summer sun. Before the fall months 
come it is heated to a great depth, and this 
heat, given off to the air, carries the summer 
temperature far into autumn and postpones 
the advent of winter several weeks. But 
when the store of summer heat is exhausted 
and winter comes, the winds from the plains 
of the West come unobstructed, and the 
earth, now deprived of its former protection, 
freezes to a great, depth. 

"These Conditions operate to render the 
springs later, the summers warmer, the 
autumns later and the winters more severe." 

For the benefit of the thousands of pupils 
I who receive instruction in the excellent 
I schools of Putnam County, and because the 
! greater part of those who have come to ma- 
| ture years are unacquainted with the subject 
I of general geology, it is advisable, before 
| saying anything of the special features of 
j Putnam County, to describe the formation of 
; the world as a whole and give such an 
I account of the great periods of the earth's 
j history that we may be able to find our place 
: in that history, and thus, as in locating a \ 
! place upon a map tirst, we may be the better j 
j able afterward to study it more satisfactorily 
I and understanding^. Indeed, without this j 
| method of procedure all our ideas are vague | 
j and the entire work unsatisfactory and un- 
j scientific. 

Omitting the nebular hypothesis, which 
assumes the earth, together with all our 



bodies of the solar system, to have been in 
primeval times in the form of an incandes- 
cent gas of incomprehensible dimensions, and 
the second step derived from the former, 
through long cycles of "whirling motion, radi- 
ation and condensation, the liquid or molten 
earth, with its wonderful processes of crust 
formation, we begin our brief description 
with the process of 


The first or original rock is what was first 
formed as a crust, igneous rock, rock without 
form or strata— a mere slug. The earth, 
losing heat by radiation and becoming 
smaller, the crust, in accommodating itself 
to the smaller sphere, must necessarily rise 
in some place? and sink in others, just as by 
the shrinking of an orange the rind becomes 
wrinkled. Then the water, having been pre- 
viously formed as the result of the great 
world formation, the residue, the ask-heaj) of 
the great conflagration, obeying the law of 
gravity, is gathered together into the de- 
pressed area? and thus the dry land, or rather 
the dry rock, appears. 

Kow. by the action of winds, rains, waves 
and the various chemical and mechanical 
agencies, the exposed rock is decomposed, 
carried to the sea, and deposited in horizon- 
tal strata, which, in process of time, becomes 
stratified rock, just as is being done at the 
mouths <»f the rivers and the beach and bot- 
tom of the oceans of to-day. 


From the preceding we may conclude that 
there is everywhere beneath the waters and 
soil of the earth's surface a basement of rock, 
sometimes called bed-rock. The outcropping 
of rock above the surface, the rocky bluffs 
forming the sides of many valjevs, the 
ledge.- projecting from the sides of mountains, 


J and the cliffs of the sea-shore are portions of 
I this rock exposed to viesr. [Now, the various 
, strata which compose the stratified rocks of 
! the globe, with their included fossils, are the 
| leaves of that great bopk which unfolds to us 
i the history of the earth through its incom- 
I prehensibly long periods of time. The lowest 
strata, of course, furnish us the first chapter 
in that history. In no part of the earth's 
I surface is the record complete, but all have 
; their long blanks — periods in which no strata 
occur. This is caused by the elevating of the 
crust above the waters of the ocean, and, when 
this is continental, Jims is appended to the 
chapter, and the history of the rocks is fin- 
ished forever. 

In Xorth America we have an excellent 
example of the unfolding and development 
of geological history, and as the continent 
gradually emerged from the ocean it left us 
the record almost complete. The following 
section is a representation of the successive 
geological ages, with the corresponding form- 
ations and periods of the globe, by the side 
of which is placed that of Putnam County 
, with, its many and immensely long blanks 
between the Devonian and Quaternary or 
Psychozoic ages. 

Thus a. glance at the section will show us 
our place in the history of the formation of 
the globe, not the least interesting part of 
which is the long blank between the De- 
vonian and Quaternary ages, showing us 
conclusively that our soil rests upon tie- 
Devonian. At the close of the above named 
period all Northern Indiana and a strip ex- 
tending through the central part ^f the State 
to the Ohio River emerged from beneath 
the sea and the history of the rocks of Put- 
nam County was finished forever. 

To enable the reader to grasp more readily 
the rock formation of the globe and of Put- 
nam County during' the six geological periods 



of the earth's formation | 
— - the Quaternary, Terti- ; 
arv, Reptilian, Carbonifer- j 
ous, Devonian and Silurian ; 
—we append the accompa- 1 
nying carefully prepared j 


so named by Sedgwick and ; 
Murchison, from Devon- j 
shire, England, where it j 
occurs well developed and 
abounds in fossils, and its j 
age. the Age of Fishes, so I 
called because in it the 
first known fishes are found, I 
is in no part of the coun 
try exposed to view, neither j 
has it been reached in the j 
sinking of wells; hence 
all our knowledge of it 
must be gained from ex- 1 
posed areas and sections 
in other localities. Omit- 
ting the rock formation,! 
because completely hidden \ 
from view, we come to the j 
study of that which is 
apparent to all, that in 
which the farmer plows, ! 
upon which our wagon j 

* For a description of the 
rocks of this age, and also of its 
Life System, both animal and j 
vegetable, Itoe reader is referred i 
to the three excellent works of i 
Professor Dana, the " Geolog- j 
ical Story," the ''Text Book,"' 
and the " Manual," the masterly 
work of Professor Le Comte, 
and to the many and valuable 
Geological Reports of Ohio and 






23 Gla 

22 Plioc, 

21 Mioct 


— m 

% Wmm'mm 

14 Ca 

/; Snr. Carhoi 

Q Lormj 
8 Orisk-t 



roads and railroads are builded, and upon 
which we all depend for our daily bread— 
the immense superincumbent mass of soil 
known as 


The farmer boy, as he walks over the meadow 
with its carpet of green and wanders beside 
the babbling brook, or, as witli sturdy hand 
he turns the grassy sward, uncultured though 
he be, asks himself the question: " From 
whence came all this that is spread out so 
beautifully around me? These huge stones 
which I see lying upon the surface or imbed- 
ded within the soil, how came they here? Do 
they grow? ' The hills, rock-ribbed and an- 
cient as the sun," how were they formed? and 
what is their history?" Ah! if they could 
speak and tell us what scenes they have wit- 
nessed the story would be of far more inter- 
est than that of Bezoni's mummy, for it could 
tell us of the world not merely as it was 
'* three thousand years ago," but stretching 
far back into the illimitable past, they could 
tell much of the Creator's plans in lilting up 
the earth as the abode of man. 

All soil, with the trifling exception of the 
thin stratum of vegetable mold that covers the 
ground in many localities, is formed from the 
disintegration of rocks, Now, there are two 


great classes of soil, to one of which every 
kind of soil may be referred, that is, soil 
formed in situ- in the place where found— 
and that which has been transported, when 
formed, to places more or less remote from 
the parent rock. It is to the latter of these 
that our soil belongs and hence that which 
we wish to treat. 

Strewed all over the northern part of 
North America, over hill and dale, over field 
and plain, covering alike, in places, all the 
country rock to a depth of thirty to three 
hundred feet, thus largely concealing them 
from view, and extending in general from 

the liocky Mountains eastward, and south- 
ward to the fortieth parallel of latitude, is 
I found this peculiar surface soil or deposit. 
; It consists of a heterogeneous mixture of 
clay, sand, gravel, pebbles, sub-angular 
; stones of all sizes, unsorted, unsifted, un- 
' fossil iferous. The lowest part lying in 
i immediate contact with the subjacent rock is 
\ often a still* clay including sub-angular stones: 
; hence this is often called the boulder clay or 

hard nan. "These included boulders," says 
1 . . . 

Professor Geikie, "are scattered higgledy- 
piggledy, pell-mell, through the clay so as to 
give the whole deposit a highly confused and 
I tumultuous appearance."' On examining 
: many of these stones they will be found to 
: be angular in shape, but the sharp corners 
| and edges are invariably smoothed away, 
: their faces will be smoothed and frequently 
J grooved with parallel scratches, indeed in 
! concretionary stones and others having an 
egg shape often one whole end has been 
ground off, showing conclusively its history. 
On the other hand, lying all over this drift 
! soil, in clusters, in isolated rocks, and in 
; belts varying in width from a single line to 
two or three miles, are found many boulders 
of all sizes; in some localities they are of 
huge dimensions and weigh hundreds of 
tons. These unscratched, or erratic, blocks, 
j as they are sometimes called, have attracted 
the attention and excited the wonder of those 
in the humblest walks of life, and since they 
are composed of materials foreign to the local 
! geology were regarded by them a& foreigners 
which had been brought from a distance and 
| strewed over the surface or perched upon 
declivities in some incomprehensible way. 
j It is now very appropriate to investigate the 
causes for all this phenomena spread out 
j before lis. 

Whenever the underlying rock is of sufti- 
! cient hardness to retain an impression, and 


for an j cause is exposed to view, if is always 
found to be plowed and planed and grooved 
with long parallel stria- and ruts. Thus, 
these scratches, with the superincumbent 
drift, the boulder clay, and the surface boul- 
ders, furnish for us phenomena, the exact 
counterpart of which is found on a smaller 
scale in all the glaciated regions of the world 
to-day— Alaska, Greenland, Switzerland, the 
Sierra Nevada Mountains, and the Antarctic 
Continent. Given identical phenomena, we 
must conclude there was an identical cause, 
(iiiven identical phenomena in the one case 
on a much larger and grander scale, we must 
conclude there was a cause of tar greater and 
grander proportions. There was, then, a | 
time in the past when for hundreds of years 
the winters grew steadily both longer and 
colder; the equatorial current, being pressed j 
southward at ('ape St. Roque, was pouring I 
more and more of its waters into the South j 
Atlantic. The moisture was all precipitated | 
as snow, and these all mutually reacting upon | 
each other so that each effect strengthened 
the cans*.', brought about the period known 
as the vreat Ice Age, and formed an immense I 
continental ice-sheet or Polar Ice Cap which j 
extended in general to the fortieth degree of 
latitude, with local extensions of its icy j 
fingers down river valleys far to the south- 

In the beginning of the Archaean Age. at I 
the time of the first known continental | 
emergence in the history of the world, there 
was formed a high mountain range north of 
th^ great lakes, extending from Labrador to 
the Lake of the "Woods and thence northward 
to the Arctic Ocean, the degradation of which 
has furnished the material for the stratified 
rocks that surround it, and, being especially 
active in the glacial period, it also furnished 
the greater part of our drift material. Thus 
through the lapse of countless ages down to 

■ the present time, all the mountain peaks and 

I chains of this Lanrentian continent, as it is 

| frequently called, have been removed and 

| carried into the sea, and, as a result, there 

1 remain only the truncated bases of the vari- 

! ous arches and folds to testify to their former 

| existence and magnitude. Thus we see that 

j these archa'an mountains are the means, and 

! the Ice bap, together with what follows, the 

! melting of the ice, are the agents in perform- 

' ing the final work in fitting up this part of 

! our earth-home. For with its ponderous 

I mass of ice a mile in thickness and constantly 

i increasing as it approaches the pole, moving 

j southward, it ground the softer rocks to 

; powder, brought hither our soil, scooped out 

| the great lakes and the multitude of smaller 

1 ones in their latitude, and by the retreating 

of the glacier, the immense Hoods and the 

consequent host of icebergs, the river valleys 

were hollowed out, the hills and the gravel 

beds formed, and the surface boulders were 

dropped by t)w river's side and over the 

fields and plains. 

The glacier in forming the Erie basin, as 
is indicated by the furrows made at different 
points, moved from east to west along the 
line of its way or axis. It, plowed up the 
Huron and Erie shales, in the east end, to a 
great depth, but moving westward it came 
upon the hard floor of corniferous limestone 
and but a shallow basin was formed. Here 
the many beautiful and fertile islands par- 
ticularly testify to the unyielding hardness 
of the rocks. Thence passing southwest to 
New Haven and Fort Wayne, and from New 
Haven down the Wabash Valley, it deter- 
mined the valleys of two rivers which would, 
in turn, one day, through long periods of 
time, drain the waters of Lake Erie to the 
gulf, and convey to itself all the waters of 
the great Maumee basin. Now, by a process 
the exact reverse of that which produced 



the glacial epoch, there was brought about a 
period of much warmer climate known as the 


This Mas characterized by melting of ice 
and snow, a far more extended and higher 
condition of the great lakes, by multitudes 
of icebergs floating southward over' these 
inland seas and dropping their loads of earth, 
sand, gravel and boulders, by numerous 
floods which broadened and deepened the 
river valleys and the pell-mell dumping of 
gravel and stones over hills and valleys, with 
the stratification of whatever was deposited 
by the water. 

Proceeding from below upward in our in- 
vestigations, we arrive at last at the thin 
stratum of vegetable mold covering the drift, 
which has been formed by the annual coating 
of leaves for untold years. This, together 
with the pulverized and partially decomposed 
granitic rock, the enormous drift covering. 
furnishes for the fanner a soil that is at once 
fertile and inexhaustible; for if he will but 
"plow deep, while sluggards sleep, he will 
have plenty of corn to .sell and keep." 

Thus, though we arc not blessed with 
mines of the precious metals, nor coal, nor 
iron, nor copper, vet we have in our soil an 
inexhaustible mine of true wealth, the foun- 
dation of a nation's true greatness, the basis, 
the hidden spring that sets in motion the 
wheels of trade and commerce throughout the 
world. And the farmer, in his high and 
time-honored calling, holds in his hands the 
electric key. by means of which he sends the 
thrill of life-giving pulsations throughout 
the whole world of human industry and sets 
in motion its countless spindles and wheels, 
the sweet music of whose hum is heard in 
every clime, 


Although no large body of water exists 

I within or near the borders of Putnam County 
| it formerly had a respectable number of both 
i species and individuals of the animal king- 
j dom. It afforded the Indian and the pioneer 
j an abundance of wholesome wild meats, and 
J in great variety, as well as a splendid supply 
| of useless or mischievous animals. Accord - 
| ing to the rule the world over, the larger 
: animals disappeared first before the advanc- 
ing tread of human occupation, and then the 
; next in size, and so on, down to the raccoon, 
I opossum, etc., which still exist, though in 
I diminished numbers. The buffalo and elk 
i were the largest, and they disappeared on the 
I very first approach of the white man, with 
his deadly rifle and indefatigable hound. 

The common deer, which was abundant in 
pioneer times, is now very scarce in Indiana, 
being occasionally seen in some of the wild- 
est portions of the State. The last one known 
to be in Putnam County was killed as much 
as four years ago. 

The panther and two species of wild-cat 
used to infest the woods, and render travel 
somewhat dangerous to the early settler, but 
the last seen in the county were about a third 
of a century ago. 

The black bear, porcupine and beaver have 
not been seen here for a still longer period. 

Minks, weasels and skunks, once common, 
arc diminishing. Twenty or thirty years ago 
there was a brisk trade here in their furs and 
other peltry which perceptibly thinned out 
the fur- bearing animals. 

Fox and gray squirrels keep up their pro- 
portion with the diminishing forest. The 
gray species is the most numerous, among 
which a black specimen is occasionally met 
with. Plying squirrels are still here, but as 
they are entirely nocturnal in their habits 


they are seldom seen. There are also ground j 
squirrels in abundance. 

Moles, rabbits and bats are of course still 

No otters have been seen for many years, 
though they were frequent in early days. 
There are still a good many muskrats. 

Occasionally there is a gray fox met with, 
but few red foxes have been seen for a long- 

Wolves, of the large gray " timber " species, 
were plentiful in early times, and more an- 
noying and mischievous than all other ani- 
mals put together; but they are now, of 
course, extinct. 

Ground hogs, or " wood chucks," were 
m-ver very plentiful, and are so scarce now 
that seldom can one be found. 

" Wild hogs," or domestic hogs escaped 
and running wild, were abundant in pioneer 
times. In a few generations these animals 
became as fierce and dangerous as wolves. 

( >f the 250 species of birds found in Put- 
nam County, either constantly or occasionally 
in emigration, the group of singers exceeds 
in number all others, though the really ex- 
cellent musicians among them number but 
fifteen or twenty. The most numerously 
represented division, the wood warblers, are 
not fine singers. The best songsters of the 
forest belong to the thrush and mocking-bird 

Thrush Family. — The superior singing 
bird of Putnam County is the superior singer 
of the world, namely, the wood-thrush. It is 
really more entertaining than the famous 
nightingale of Europe. Its melodious, flute- 
like tones are "too sweet " for description. 
They are grouped into short tunes of eight, 
ten or twelve notes each, and there are six or 
eight tunes sung by this bird, with intervals 

of five to six or seven seconds between them. 
Next to this prima donna of the forest are the 
olive-backed (or Swainson's) thrush, Wilson's 
thrush, the northern mocking-bird (or cat- 
bird), the brown thrush and the robin. These 
are all migratory birds, spending the summer 
here but the winter in the South. The robin 
sometimes remains all winter. The hermit 
and olive-backed thrushes arc more common 
in the spring and fall. The robin and the 
cat-bird frequent the orchards and gardens, 
nesting about the door-yards, and prefer these 
places to the woods, probably because of 
greater security from birds or oilier animals 
of prey. The brown thrush is found in the 
thickets of hazel-brush, briers, etc., which 
skirt old fences and edge of woods, and gen- 
erally nests in brush heaps. The. remainder 
of this family is confined to the woodland. 
Their food consists of beetles, grasshoppers, 
snails, spiders, caterpillars, etc., together with 
small fruits and berries. 

Bluebird Family. — The bluebird is the 
only representative of the family in the coun- 
ty. It is common from spring to fall, nesting 
i in bird-houses, fence-posts, decayed trees, and 
| feeds on winged insects, worms, grasshop- 
I pers, spiders, and a scant proportion of 
! berries. 

KingleU. — The ruby-crowned and the 
; golden-crowed kinglets, and the blue-gray 
j gnat-catcher are all common during the 
j spring and fall. The first-mentioned is fre- 
j quently found in winter, and the gnat-catcher 
j is abundant during the summer. These are 
! confined to the woods. The kinglets nest in 
I the lake region, but the gnat-catcher nests 
! here, building a wonderful structure high up 
| on the oaks. It is somewhat purse-shaped, 
| and often at the extremity of a bough, so as 
| to sway with the wind, secure from enemies. 
1 It is placed in a concealed situation, and 
| artistically as well as substantially finished 



Vhickad&e. — The titmouse, or black-capped 
chickadee, the only member of the family 
here, feeds upon insects, seeds, berries, 
crumbs, meats, etc., and generally nests in the 
woods, where it makes its home most of the 
year, but during the winter it is seen near 
the house, feeding upon sweepings from the 

Nuthatches,— The white-bellied and the 
red-bellied nuthatch are common, especially 
the former. These birds are found in wood- 
lands and orchards. Their nests are built in 
holes in trees. Food — -ants, eggs of insects 
and seed. 

Brown Creeper. — A common spring, fall 
and winter resident, and a woodland bird, is 
to be mentioned in this connection. 

Wren Family.— Tho Carolina wren is a 
very rare straggler from the South. The 
house wren is common locally. The winter 
wren is a common spring and fall visitor, 
often remaining during the open winters. 
The long-billed marsh wren is a common 
summer resident of the marshes, building' a 
large globular nest of coarse sand-grass, sus- 
pended to reeds or fiag-stems. The short- I 
billed marsh wren is a common summer l 
resident, generally found on low meadow I 
lands. The wrens feed on insects only. 

Lark Family. — The horned lark is a win- j 
ter resident, bnt sometimes breeds here. It 
frequents barren and gravelly fields, feeding 
on seed.- and insects. When the ground is j 
covered with snow they may be seen feeding 
upon the droppings of stock about the farm. 
The THlark\% an abundant migrant in late 
fall and early spring, frequenting the same 
localities and subsisting on the same food as 
the preceding. There are sometimes large I 
Hocks of this species of bird. 

Warblers.- These are numerous. The: 
black and white creeper is a common summer 
resident, nesting on the ground, general Iv be- 

i side a fallen log. The bine yellow-backed 
• warbler, a rare migratory bird, is sometimes 
| found in the tree-tops of the wild forest. 
The blue-winged yellow warbler is rare. 
The blue golden-winged warbler is com- 
mon in spring and fall. The Nashville 
i and Tennessee warblers are very common. 
j The orange-crowned warbler is rare. The 
| yellow, the black-throated green, the black- 
I throated blue, the blue, the yellow ramped, 
| the blackburnian, the black-poll, the yellow 
| red-poT and the chestnut-sided warblers are 
j all common— some of them abundant; all 
migrants. The bay-breasted, the Cape May, 
j the prairie, the yellow- throated arid Kirt- 
i land's warblers are rare. The golden crowned 
thrush (Scinrus auricoypllius) is w common 
summer resident, frequenting low, open 
woods. The water thrush (S. naevim) is 
rare, bnt breeds here. The large-billed water 
thrush is common in swampy timber lauds. 
The Connecticut warbler is rare, but may be- 
come common. It is a tine songster. The 
"Maryland yellow-throat is found occasionally. 
The black-capped lly-catching warbler is com- 
mon during the spring and autumn. Canada 
fly-catching warbler, common. Red start, 
very common. 

Tanagers. — The scarlet tanager is com- 
mon, and the summer red-bird (sometimes 
kept in cages) rare, accidentally straying 
from the South. 

SvjaUow Family . — The barn, cliff or cave, 
white-bellied, and. the bank or sand swallows 
are common. The purple martin, formerly 
common, is being driven out by the English 
sparrow. The swallow feeds exclusively upon 
winged insects 

Wane-wings.— -The Carolina wax-wing, or 
cherry bird is a common resilient, breeding 
in August and September, and feeding on 
the cultivated fruits. 

Yireoft. — There are a half-dozen species of 


these in this section of the country, inhabiting : low woodlands overrun with briers; towhee 

woodlands, .some of them common, some of bunting or chewink, abundant. 

them rare. Birds of this family feed entirely upon 

Shrikes, or Butcher Birds.^—The great j seeds during the breeding season. Those 

Forthern shrike is rare; the logger-head which are residents all the year and those 
shrike, two varieties, is common. These form | which are summer residents only subsist 

a small but interesting family of bold and during the breeding season and feed their 

spirited birds, quarrelsome among themselves, young almost exclusively upon insects. At 

They form a kind of connecting link between other times their food consists of the seeds 

insect-eating birds and birds of prey. Their of grass and weeds. The rose-breasted gros- 

food consists of large insects, mice and small, beak is the only bird known to feed on the 

birds and snakes. They are noted for im- potato bug, and the white-crowned sparrow 

paling their prey on thorns or sharp twigs feeds on the grape-vine flea-beetle. The com 
and leavirig them there — for what purpose is j mon yellow bird, or goldfinch, prefers the 

not yet known. seeds of the thistle and lettuce. The fox 

Finch and Sjmrwtr Family. — N inner- sparrow and chewink scratch the ground for 
ous; pine grosbeak, an occasional winter hibernating insects and snails. The crossbills 
visitor; purple finch, a common migrant; teed on the seeds in pine cones, and the Eng- 
wh'ite- winged and red cross-bills, rare winter lish sparrow feeds on the seeds contained in 
visitors; red -poll linnet, an irregular winter the droppings of animals. 
visitor; pine linnet, a rare winter visitor Blackhird Family.- Bobolink, common 
from the North: goldfinch, or yellow bird, and well-known a fine and cheerful song- 
common and well known has the appearance ster; cow-bird, or cow blackbird, a summer 
of a canary; snow bunting, a common but visitor, frequenting old pasture land and the 
irregular winter visitor; Lapland long-spur, edge of woods; like the European cuckoo, it 
a common winter visitor; Savannah sparrow, build.- no nest, but lays its eggs in the nests 
a common migrant; bay-winged bunting, . of smaller birds, such as warblers, vireos and 
very common from spring to fall; yellow- sparrows, Red-winged blackbird, abundant 
winged Menslow's and Lincoln".- sparrows in summer; meadow lark, well known; or- 
are snmmcr residents; swamp and song spar- chard and Baltimore orioles are very corn- 
rows, common, the latter abundant all the mon; rusty blackbird, or grackie, is common 
warm season; snow-bird, common in winter; for a week or two in spring; crow blackbird, 
mountain sparrow, common in winter; chip- common and well known. 

ping and field sparrows, common in summer; With the exception of one or two species I 
white throated and white-crowned sparrows, this family is decidedly gregarious. Insects 
common migrants; English sparrow, abund- !■ and grains constitute their food. The cow- 
ant in the towns, driving out our native song- bird destroys the eggs and young of other 
birds; fox sparrow, a very common spring j birds. The orioles feed largely on hairy cat- 
and fall visitor; black- throated bunting, erpillars and also on some of the small fruits, 
pro wins common; rose-breasted grosbeak, a green peas, etc. 

common summer resident; breeds along the Craw Family. Tin; raven was common, 

winter-courses in low trees and shrubs; in- but is now rare. The common crow, well 

digo bird, abundant in summer, frequenting | known, emigrates southward during the cold- 


est weather. Blue jay is the gayest plum aged 

and harshest-voiced bird of the American for- 
ests. Birds of this family are omniverous. 

Fly-catcher Family. — The king-bird is 
abundant in summer, frequenting orchards 
and the edge of the woods; great crested fly- 
catcher, abundant in the forest; uses snake 
skins as a part of its nest material; pewee, 
or phoebe bird, common; wood pewee, a com- 
mon bird of the orchard and woodland; least 
fiy-catcher, common in summer; yellow-bel- 
lied fly-catcher, a common migrant, but rare 
summer resident. The king-bird and pewee 
frequent open places; the others of this fam- 
ily dwell in the forest. They all subsist upon 
winged insects. 

Goatsucker Family. — Whippoorwill and 
night-hawk, well known and common. These 
birds are nocturnal in their habits and feed 
upon insects. 

The Chimney Swallow is the only mem- 
ber of the family Cypselhhe that is found in 
this latitude. It is sometimes seen in large 
flocks, roosting in unused chimneys, barns 
and hollow trees. 

Tlumming-hird Family. —The ruby- 
throated is the only species found here. It 
feeds upon insects, which it captures within 

King-fisher Family. — The belted king- 
fisher is a common summer resident in suita- 
ble localities. It feeds upon small fish. 

Cuckoo Family. — The black-billed species 
is common; has been called "rain crow.'" 
The yellow-billed cuckoo is not common. 
( hnniverous. 

Woodpecker Family. — There are half a 
dozen species of woodpecker found in this 
locality, all common, viz.: The hairy, downy, 
yellow-bellied, red-headed, red-bellied and 
golden -winged. Omniverous. 

Owl Family. — The great horned, the mot- 
tled, the screech, the long-eared and the 

i short-eared are abundant. The barn owl is a 
| rare straggler from the South. Possibly one 
! or two other species may occasionally be found 
i here. 

Hawk Family. — The marsh hawk, the 
i sharp-shinned, Cooper's, the sparrow, the 
; red-tailed, the red-shouldered, the broad- 
! winged, the rough-legged or black, and the 
fish-hawk are all common. The white-tailed 
i kite, the goshawk, the pigeon hawk, Swain- 
; son's hawk and the bald eagle are more rare. 
The Turkey Buzzard, belonging to a dis- 
tinct family, is rare. 

Pigeon Family. — The wild pigeon, an 
abundant migrant, sometimes breeds here. 
The Carolina dove is a common resident here 
most of the year. 

The Wild Turkey, once abundant, but now 
rare, is the only member of the family native 
j to this region. 

Grouse Family. —Prairie chicken, once 
j occasional, none now; ruffed grouse, or part- 
! ridge, occasional ; quail, common. 

Plover Family. — The golden plover, the 
killdeer and the semi-palmated are common 
about unfrequented ponds. The black-bellied 
plover is rare, if ever seen at all. 

Sandpiper Family. — The most common 
species of this family are the semi-palmated, 
least, pectoral, red-breasted, Willst, solitary, 
, spotted and upland sandpiper.-, the snipe and 
the woodcock. Less common are the buff- 
breasted and red-backed sandpipers, long- 
billed curlew, and perhaps occasionally two 
or three other unimportant species. 

Heron Family. -The green and night 

herons, the bittern and the least bittern are 

common residents. The great blue heron is 

j a common migrant, and the great white heron 

a rare summer visitor. 

Cranes. — The whooping and sand-hill 
cranes are sometimes seen in migration. 
Rail Family. — The Virginia and Carolina 


rails and the coot are often seen in the vicin- ' The salmon sometimes attains a weight of 
ity of the streams and in the margin of ponds; ! forty pounds. 

the e]ap]>er, king, yellow and Mack rails, very j Pike family.— The larger pike, sometimes 
rarely; the Florida gallinnle, occasionally. I called "grass pike, 1 ' used to be met with, 
Thick Family, The common species are especially in draining off the marshes. The 
the mallard, black, big black-head, little pickerel was also native here, but none are to 
black-head, ring-necked, red-head (or po- i be found at the present day. Nor have gar 
chard), golden-eye, butter-ball, ruddy and fish pike ("gars") existed here since the advent 
(gosander) ducks, the brant and Canada geese, | of mill-dams. 

widgeon, golden-winged and bine-winged Sucker Family. — To this family be-long 

tea! and the hooded merganser. Uarely are the buffalo (rare), red-horse (occasional), and 

seen the pintail, gadwail shoveler, wood duck, the white sucker (also occasional). Black 

canvas-back duck, long-tailed dnck and re<! suckers and mullets .still thrive in some parts 

breasted merganser. At: the duck family are of Indian;:, but not hetv. 

migratory. Catfish Family. — Fish of this family are 

(Jail luimibf. About ten species; may still common, but are small. only weighing a 

rarely be seen in passing. pound or two. We can scarcely name the 

f.<»>n. -One species sometimes strays into species in Knglish. Perhaps we may say the 

this locality from the North. channel, or mud cattish, the blue and the 

6V<6>iS.— The horned and the pied-lull yellow, the bull-head undone or two other 

grebes are occasional. One or two other small snecies are round here. The yellow 

species very rare. are the must common. 

,.. rsnrs Minn,- Sort*. -Ik'side/i th^ above, there 

are several varieties of chubs, silver sides, 

As there are no large lakes or streams and large numbers of other species denomi- 

in Putnam County, the number and variety nated minnows, which are found in the 

of fishes are limited, especially in these days smallest spring branches as well as the larger 

of mill-dams and city sewage. streams. 

Stickleback Family.- This furnishes the Fish planting has not yet been introduced 

chief game iish. as bass and sun-fish. The into this county, 
local names of these fish are so various that 


we scarcely know how to refer to them; but 

we may venture to name the black bass, the Of the twenty-three species af Snake* that 

green or Osage bass, the bi»" black sun-iish or have existed in this State, and probably in 
rock bass, goggle-eyed and the two common this county, several <-f the largest have been 
sun-fish, all of which have materially dimin- about exterminated. Only two of them are 
ished within the last rive years. venomous, namely, the copperhead and the 

Perch Faioihj.- There are no perch or rnassasauga. Very few of these are to t>e 
'•jack salmon" in the county. They were found at the present day. The smaller species 
once common throughout the State, but. now are useful animals, like toads, in destroying 
are only to be found occasionally in some of i mice, moles and other vermin, and are pre- 
the most favored places. They are among I served by intelligent farmer.- on this account, 
the finest n'shes, and ought to be cultivated. '■ Of TAsmtfa there are very tew in this 



section. Those creatures which resemble i 
them are innocent salamanders, and are 
really as useful as toads in the destruction of 
flies and other insects. There are eighteen I 
species of these animals in Indiana. The J 
largest attains a length of eight inches, and I 
is black, with large, irregular yellow spots. I 
Another species is entirely yellow; another of 
a bright vennillion haunts cold springs. The 
second in si/.e is the " mud alligator,"' or ; 
" water dog,'' a frequent annoyance to fisher- 

men. Still another species has external gills, 
for respiration in water, thus resembling 

Of Frogs there are five species, and of toads 
live. Four are tree toads. One species of 
frog is subterranean, excavating its burrows 
backward with its hind feet, which are shovel 
formed. It conies to the surface early to 
breed, after thunder showers in April, in the 
evening, when it is easily recognized by its 
loud, discordant notes. 



■>;-j Jyjxi ess, 

^fcl that part of Indiana I 
south of the Wabash 


u the Miamis, 

doubtless had 

some land north of 

• of the Wabash, for in 

si W&M L058 they were found as far north 



welcomed tl 
lect. ,? says 

I llgrni 


^S& as Green Bay and the Fox River 
3 Sap Thus we see that all the land em 
^l ; J#s» braqed within the borders of Put 
-*H|i^& nam County was at an early day i 
the home of the haughty Miami. ! 

The Miamis were of the Algon- 
quin family -the tribe which 
Fathers. '-Their dia- 
was heard from the 
Bay of Gaspe to the Valley of the Des 
Moines: from Cape Fear, and it maybe from 
the Savannah to the land of the Esquimaux; 
from the Cumberland River of Kentucky to 
the southern banks of the Mississippi, and 
was spoken," continues the same writer, ; 
" though not exclusively, in a territory that 
extends through sixty degrees of longitude | 
and more than twenty degrees of latitude.'' i 
Thus we see the Miamis were the descendants i 
of renowned warriors and chieftains, and 
their subsequent history shows that they i 

imbibed the spirit of their illustrious an- 

A good idea of the territory owned by this 
tribe after they became a separate and dis- 
tinct people may be obtained from the speech 
of their chief, Me-she kun-nogh-quoh, or Lit- 
tle Turtle, in reply to Genera] Wayne at the 
treaty of Greenville, Ohio, in 1795: " You 
have pointed out to us the boundary line be- 
tween the Indians and the United States; 
but ! m»w take the liberty to inform you that 
that line cuts off from the Indians a large 
portion of country which has been enjoyed 
bv my ancestors from time immemorial 
without molestation or dispute. The print 
of my lather's houses are everywhere to be 
seen in this portion. It is well known by all 
my brethren present, that my father kindled 
the first fire at Detroit; from thence he ex- 
tended his line to the headwaters of the 
Scioto; from thence to its mouth and from 
thence to Chicago on Lake Michigan." 

Says Charles B. Lasselle: "When the 
Miamis were first invited by the French au- 
thorities to Chicago in 1070, they were a 
leading and very powerful Indian nation. A 
body of them assembled near that place for 
war against the powerful Iroquois (Six Na- 
tions) of the Hudson, and the still more 


powerful Sioux of the Upper Mississippi, by the English against the French and In- 

They numbered at least three thousand, and dians. The one led by Braddock against Fort 

were under the lead of a chief who never D\\ Quesne was the one directly employing 

sallied forth but with a body guard of not the Miamis. 

less than forty warriors, lie could at any Braddock, although a brave General, was 

time call into the field an army of front three unused to Indian warfare, and thoughtlessly 

to five thousand men."' allowed himself to be led into an ambuscade. 

Says Bancroft: -The Miamis were the The Indians, from their places of eonceal- 

niost powerful confederacy in the West, ex- ment, poured a destructive volley of mus- 

celling the Six Nations (Iroquois). Their ketrv. which utterly confounded the English 

influence reached to the Mississippi and they grenadiers, causing dismay and disorder to 

received frequent visits front tribes beyond take possession of their ranks. Out of the 

that river." eighty-six officers, but twenty-three escaped 

Thus from the earliest period we find the injury. Of the I. "2(H) who crossed the AIo- 

Miarais have been a leading and influential nongahela, TOO were cut down and wounded. 

tribe. The impress of the name on so many The work of death continued for three "hours, 

of our Western rivers shows its predom- There was no relief but to retreat and leave 

inanee. The two Miamis of Ohio will ever the field to the enemy to plunder and scalp, 

perpetuate it. The Miami of Lake Erie (now Until 175s all the expeditions planned by 

Maumee) was likewise named for the trite, the English were seemingly unfortunate, and 

Our own St. Mary's was marked - Miami " Indian skill and bravery wen- everywhere 

River on the rude skeleton map made to triumphant. At that time, however, the 

represent the western country at the time of English army under Lord Abererombie. be- 

Colonel Bouquet's expedition in 1763. rug largely re-hiforeed, the aspect of affairs 

In 1761 we find this tribe designated as began to assume another and different shape. 
the Miami, Eel Kiver and Wea tribe. The From thenceforward victorj crowned the 
Wabash Kiver formed a natural boundary English arms, the climax of which was the 
between the Miamis and the Pottawatomies. complete overthrow of the French and In- 
Other neighboring tribes Mere the Kickapoos, dians. ;inC\ the capture of Quebec by the gal- 
Piankeshaws and Kaskaskias. From these hint Wolfe, September 18, 1759. 
tribes the Miamis receive:! much honor, and At the close of the struggle, so great had 
nothing was undertaken by any tribe without been the havoc among tite Indians, that the 
first consulting the Miamis. ; Miamis could summon to the field no more 

The first half of the seventeenth century than one thousand warriors. 

passed without anything occurring of im- The 10th of February. 176;$, the treaty of 

portance, save an occasional brief struggle j peace was made between the two great pow- 

between some of the Indian nations. j ers, France and England, the former Barren - 

In 1753 disputes arose between the French dering to the latter all claims to the vast re- 
and English in regard to their possessions in gions lying east of the Mississippi. But here 
the New World. Being unable to settle let it be remembered, in order that future 
peacefully, they resorted to arms -the In- j trouble with the Indians may be understood, 
dians assisting the French. j that it was the custom of the French to pur- 
Several important expeditions were planned i chase from the Indians but very small tracts 



of land; according to the treaty, France had i council; but, visiting each tribe separately, 
very little land to cede to England. I induced some of them by intimidation, as 

Following close upon the treaty came the | was afterward shown, to make cessions of 
war and final defeat of Pontiac — a war in j land. 

which the Miamis were actively engaged. 

Dunmore's war of 1774 was concluded with- 
out any transfer of land to the whites. 

The year following, 1775, was commenced 
the oreat struggle for independence. In this 
the Miamis lent their influence to the British, 
being willing to assist any party that was 
warring against the inhabitants of their ter- 

At the close of the Revolution, in 1783, 
when Great Britain transferred her western 
claims to the United States, she conveyed 
nothing but what she had previously obtained 
from France, which we have seen was very 
small, with the exception of some diminutive 
tracts of land purchased from the Iroquois 
and Southern tribes. None of the land 
whatsoever belonging to the Miamis and the 
neighboring tribes to the North and West 
were ceded by this treaty to the United 

But a different view was taken of the mat- 
ter by Congress at this period. Tiny con- 
cluded that the treaty granted to the United 
States the full right to all territory east, of the 
Mississippi, and, considering that the Indians 
had forfeited all right to the land by acts of 
warfare against the Colonial Government 
during the struggle for independence, made 
7io movement toward the purchase of the 
land, but began to form treaties of peace and 
to suggest its own boundary lines. It had 
been agreed among the various Indian na- 
tions that no treaty should be made with the 
Government without the consent of all the 
tribes, assembled in general counsel. The 
Commissioners appointed by the Govern- 
ment to superintend these affairs refused to 

The Miamis, believing that injustice was 
being done them, positively refused to enter 
into a treaty of any kind. Trouble soon 
arose which resulted in the expedition against 
the Miamis, in 1790, under the command ot 
General Josiah Earrner. The Indians under 
their brave Chief, Little Turtle, defeated the 
forces of Harmer on several battle-fields, 
with heavy loss. 

The following year (1701) another expedi- 
tion was planned against them, under the 
command of General Arthur St. Clair. On 
the -1th of November, near the head waters of 
the Wabash, about fifteen miles from the Mi- 
ami village — the present site of Fort Wayne 
—a severe battle took place between the 
forces of St. Clair and the Indians, which 
resulted in a complete victory for the latter — 
the whites being driven from the held, panic 
stricken. This was the most severe defeat 
ever inflicted by the Indians upon the United 
States, the latter losing in the battle thirty- 
nine officers killed, and 503 men killed and 
missing; twenty-two oflicers and 242 men 
wounded, with a loss in stores and other 
valuable property to the amount of $32,810.75. 
The command of the United States troops 
I was next given to General Anthony Wayne. 
I Having perfected his organization, August, 
j 1704, found him cautiously approaching the 
| Miami village. The Indians tried, as on 
j former occasions, to surprise him; but the 
I thoughtful Wayne was not to be surprised. 
I The Indians attacking him early on the 
! morning of August 28, 1704, a severe battle 
! ensued, which resulted in a complete victory 
I for Wayne. The haughty spirit of the Miami 
I was broken. lie was now ready to listen to 

give any attention to the subject of a general I terms of peace. Accordingly, in June, 1795, 



deputations from the Miamis and from the 
different tribes of the Northwest began to 
assemble in accordance with a request from 
General "Wayne, to make a treaty of peace. 
They were in council several days, when, 
finally, August 3, 1795, the famous treaty of 
Greenville, Ohio, was completed. By this 
treaty the Miamis made their first cession of 
land to the United States, being various small 
tracts in Southern and Central Indiana. This 
was ceded to the Government partly to satisfy 
it for the heavy expense it had sustained in 
prosecuting the war against the Indians. 
However, the Miamis received as a remuner- 
ation $3,000, with §1,000 to be paid annually 

On the 21st of August, 1805, on the 30th 
of September, 1809, and on the 26th of Octo- 
ber, 1^09, cessions of land were made by the 
Miamis, for which they were liberally and 
satisfactorily rewarded by the Government in 
goods and money. 

In 1810 arose the famous Shawnee 
Prophet, Ells-kwata-wa, brother of the cele- 
brated warrior, Tecum sell. These men, 
through a singular and somewhat powerful 
influence, began to exert a wide control over 
the tribes of the North, and being encouraged 
by the English Government, the country was 
soon deluged in the war of 1812. The Miamis 
were earnestly and eloquently sought to 
render assistance. Although many of the 
tribe were in favor oi war, their brave but 
honest Chief, Little Turtle, remained true to 
his obligations made at the treaty of Green- 
ville. However, on the 14th of July, 1812, 
Little Turtle died, lie was succeeded by 
Pe-oon, who listened more favorably to the 
words of Tecumseh. 

Soon warlike preparations were observed 
in the Miami villages along the Mississinewa 
of Grant County. General Harrison at once 
planned an expedition against them. The 

detachment consisted of about 600 mounted 
men, Kentucky volunteers, who were armed 
with rifles and under the command of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel John B. Campbell. They 
left Franklin town on the 25 th of November, 
1812, by way of Dayton and Greenvi'ie, and 
reached the north bank of the Mississinewa, 
near the mouth of the Metocin-yah Creek, 
December 17, 1812. In a rapid charge 
upon the first Indian village eight warriors 
were killed and forty-two taken prisoners, 
consisting of men, women and children. The 
troops then destroyed three other villages farth- 
er west on the river, and returning, encamped 
for the night in a level strip of woods just 
across the river from Jalapa, Grant County. 
About half an hour before day on the following 
morning, December 18, they were suddenly 
attacked by the Indians, under the command 
of John Godfroy and Joseph Richardville, 
the latter a son of John Richardville, who so 
long and wisely ruled the Miamis. The battle 
was short but sharp. The Indians, being 
unable to resist the well-directed lire of 
Campbell's men, soon fled in dismay, leaving 
some fifteen of their men dead and forty-eight 
wounded. The whites lost eight killed and 
thirty wounded. To the severity of this 
contest, though of short duration, many of 
the early settlers of Grant can testily, as the 
trees bore the impress of the bullets for many 

This battle closes the war record of the 
Miamis. They ever afterward remained 
friendly toward the United States. It is true, 
an occasional brief struggle took place between 
the Miamis and some of the neighboring 
tribes. These, however, were generally of 
minor importance, as the following will illus- 
trate: About 1830 the Pottawatomies, having 
crossed the Wabash River, the boundary line, 
were proceeding through the confines of the 
Miamis. The latter, deeming this an en- 



croachment upon their hunting grounds, met 
the Pottawatoraies near Jefferson, on the farm 
owned by Mr. Hill, and forbade them pro- 
ceeding farther. Disputes arising, a battle 
ensued, fought with knives and clubs, in 
which a number were severely ent and bruised, 
but no one seriously injured. The Pottawat- 
omies retired to their own territory. 

October G, 1818, was made the famous 
treaty of St. Mary, in which the Miamis ceded 
to the United States large quantities of land. 
However, at this time some valuable tracts 
of land were reserved by the Indians, among 
which was that known then and at the present 
as the " Big or Miami Reservation." On the 
23d of October, 1826, the Chiefs of the 
Miamis assembled at a place called "Paradise 
Springs," where, in council with General 
John Tipton, Indian Agent, assisted by 
Genera! Cass and John B. Hay, the greater 
part of the bind belonging to the Indians was 
cede«l to the United States. In payment for 
this they received $31,040.53 in goods, and 
s31.04-0.53 in money. The following year, 
1827, they received $61,259.47, after which 
an indemnity of $25,000 was paid to them as 
long as they existed as a tribe. 

In 1834: the Miamis sold to the Govern- 
ment. 177,000 acres of land for $335,680. 
This included a strip seven miles wide along 
the west side of the " Reserve," in what is 
now Clinton, Howard and Cass counties. 
This was transferred by the United States to 
the State of Indiana, to be used for the com- 
pletion of the Wabash & Erie Canal from 
the Tippecanoe River down. A strip five 
miles along the Wabash had been used in the 
same way to construct said canal to the 
mouth of the Tippecanoe River. Again, on the 
6th of November, 1838, the Miamis ceded to 
the United States portions of land which had 
been reserved by them in former treaties. 
One important reservation of ten sections 

I was made at this time for the band of Meto- 
| cin-yah, lather of the Chief Me-shin-go- 
| me-sia. 

On the 2Sth of November, 1840, the Mi- 
! amis relinquished, for the sum of £550,000, 
! all their remaining land in Indiana, except 
i that reserved for Met<>-ein-yah, which the 
i Government conveyed by patent to Me-shiu- 
i cro-me-sia and his band. The Indians also 
I agreed to leave in five years at the expense 
of the United States. Their departure was 
delayed, however, until 1847, when they were 
I removed to the Marais des Cygues, in the 
■ Fort Leavenworth Agency. 

The Kansas Miamis, at the time of their 
removal, numbered 250 souls, each individual 
i receiving an annuity of about «125. They 
! were removed to the Quawpaw Reservation 
i in 1873, and now number about 150. 
i The Miami Indians at present arc scattered 
j over the country from Grant County on the 
; south to Grand Rapids on the north, and 
j from Napoleon River to the Indian Territory 
I on the west. A large part of these are known 
! as the " Miamis of Indiana," numbering 
j about 835. They received each §32.73 as 
their individual share on the interest of their 
j money held by the United States. The total 
I sum disbursed yearly to the Indians at Peru 
| is $1,200. 

The ten sections of the Me-shin-go-me-sia 
! Reservation was held in common until 1873. 
! In May of that year a partition was made by 
the Government, in which all the bands par- 
ticipated, each receiving, both young and old, 
eighty acres of laud. Men who had large 
families now control large farms of from four 
to six hundred acres. The land on an aver- 
age is as good as can be found in this section 
of country. 

As man has ever assimilated to a greater 
or less extent in 'all ages, the Indians have 
generally adopted the dress, language and 



habits of the whites. Although never be- 
coming truly Anglo-Saxon in so far as the 
inventive and higher sense of civilization is 
manifest — although never losing their tawny 
skins, save in the sense of amalgamation, nor 
ceased entirely to entertain an affection for 
the forest and its wildest haunts, the stream 
and the bark canoe, the spear, the bow and 
arrow or the trusty rifle- — -yet some of the In- 
dians in Miami and Grant counties are a liv- 
ing evidence of the power and influence of 
civilization. A rude, uncultivated child of 
the forests of nature and the primitive wilds, 
being readily and naturally imitative, he has 
received from the white man a knowledge of 
agriculture that enables him to till the soil 
in a very creditable manner. 

From the first trouble with the settlements 

at Plymouth and Jamestown to those of a 
later period springing up at other points, 
both east and west, the tribes seemed ever 
imbued with the belief that the white man 
would, eventually, overrun their hunting 
grounds and drive the red man far westward. 
How truly thought and said the Indian is 
now most clearly seen. Such is the force of 
civilization; such the destiny of the unad- 
vancing, unprogressive, uncivilized of the 
earth, even to the lowest kingdoms of animal 

Their births are less frequent than their 
deaths, and so, as a race, they are withering 
from the land. Soon they will live only in 
the songs of their exterminators. Let us be 
faithful to their rude virtues as men, and pay 
due tribute to their unhappy fate as a people. 



if Early and Civil History 

8|ij£ ,E have now seen the title 
of the lands of Indi- 
ana transferred from 
* the Indians to the 
J United States Govern- 
ment. The line of the 

^ Fort Wayne treaty of 1S09 

line as -unexplored regio 

^X§*~ cuts the west line of Putnam County 
'••■V'; §" live ami live-eighths miles north ot 
7v V^ the southwest corner, and the south 
. S| pL line seven and seven-eighths miles 
!£, Past of the same point. The geogra- 
phies published soon after the date 
of the Fort Wayne treaty described 
the country to the northward of this 
The treaty of 

1818 extinguished the last vestige of Indian 
title to the soil of Putnam County, and the 
reign of savagery took its flight forever from 
the forest shades of Central Indiana. In 

1819 the land acquired by the latter treaty 
was surveyed by authority of the general 
Government, and was put on sale at the land 
office in Terre Haute. 

Close upon the surveyors followed the pur- 
chasers and settlers, and on the 18th day of 
December, 1818, John Colman entered the 
first piece of land owned by a white man in 

Putnam County. This tract embraced the 
west half of the northwest quarter oi section 
10, and the east half of the northeast quarter 
of section 9, township 12 north, range 5 
west. It lies in the Eel River bottom, just 
below the fork. The first piece entered in 
the portion of the county belonging to the 
purchase of 1818 was the west half of the 
northwest quarter of section IS. township 16 
north, range 5 west, by Felix Clodfelter, on 
October 11, 1820. The firsr deed conveying 
land in the county was made on the 23d 
day of September, 1S22. By this indenture 
Christopher Miller conveyed to Daniel Swank, 
for the sum of &S00, section 12, township 16 
north, ranfe 5 west. Other entries and trans- 
fers were made in such rapid succession that 
it is unessential that they should be men- 
tioned in the order of their occurrence. It 
might be of interest to observe how, in this 
instance as in others, the tide of civilization 
follows the larger water courses and their 
tributaries, but it is sufficient here to say that 
immigration came pouring in to take posses- 
sion of the magnificent forest and the generous 
soil awaiting the sturdy stroke of the pioneer. 
The portion of the county south of the In- 
dian boundary of 1809 was the scene of 


earliest settlement. The first white inhab- j For the first year John Sigler settled on 
itante were James Athey and Benjamin Croy. ! section lfi, then lived three year* on the 
James A they raised a crop of corn one-half southeast quarter of 15, and finally removed 
mile below Croy's mill in 1818. Soon after j to the northwest quarter of section 22. Jef- 
this date Webster's mill was built, being- the ferson Thomas entered and settled on the 
first structure of the kind to wake the echoes ! northeast quarter of section 10. Miller chose 
of the surrounding solitude with its monoto- j lands immediately belov/, ami others made 
nous hum. Croy's mil! was also of very I selections at various places north and west of 
early date. Mr. (my was from Ohio. Ot- I Greencastle. Into the eastern part first came 
well Thomas, Reuben Ragan and three other; Joseph Warford in the year 1821, and settled 
spent the winter of 1818-'19 in the same on section 83 in Floyd Township. In the 
neighborhood, with a Mr. Thomas, resident j spring of the next year he was joined by his 
there. During the same winter they erected j son, Wilson L. Warford, ami during the year 
a residence for James A they. ! by Reuben Smith, Isaac Monnett and his 

In the year 1819 Jefferson Thomas and son, Lawson Monnett, all of whom settled in 
John Miller selected the tracts of land after- ' Floyd. During the same year Reuben Ho- 
ward entered by them, lying just west of gan located on the land where he died j« 
Greencastle. Ar the same rime Reuben Ra- 1868, in the extreme north of Marion Town- 
gan explored the hills and ravines on which ship. In 1824 Samuel Ilazelett settled fur- 
Greencastle is built. It was about this period t-her south in Marion, having entered a part 
also that Kev. Daniel Anderson, a Methodist of the land since owned by his son. Richard 
minister, preached rite first sermon within M. Hazelett, in that township, 
the limits of the county. During this year The year 1S~2 witnessed a large increase 
also four families made temporary settlement in the population about Greencastle. The 
in the south, edge of the county. first man who lived where the county seat is 

John Sigler and his family were the first, built was Ephraim Dukes, who in 1822 re- 
permanent residents of the portion of the moved to a place near where James T. Git'* 
county then called the new purchase, having ford's blacksmith shop was afterward built. 
arrived in the county March 21, 1821. With The next who came was Silas G. Weeks with 
Mr. Sigler came also Thomas Johnson. The his family, lie lived where now is a preten- 
next man. who came was John Johnson, with tious brick block. Then came Jubal Deuces 
his family, who reached the count* May 11 and John F. Seller. Mr. Seller built a house 
of the same year, and settled about seven on the south side of the public square, near 
miles southeast of Greencastle. Probably the east end. Such were the feeble but am- 
the next was John Miller. During the same bitious beginnings of civilization in Putnam 
year came Jefferson Thomas. Abraham Coil- County, 
man, Sr., Samuel Rogers, Sr.. Jubal Dewees, organic. 

Isaac Matkin. Abraham Lewis and Rev. Reu- Putnam County was created by an act of 
ben Clearwaters, and settled near the center the Genera! Assembly, approved December 
of the county. James Gordon, Sr., also came 31, L821, entitled -'An act for the formation 
in 1821. locating his land in the northern of a new county out of Owen and 
portion, being the first resident of that neigh- counties, and north of Owen." The full text 
borhood. "is- as follows: 


"Section 1. Be it enacted by the General 
Assembly of the State of Indiana, That 
from and after the first Monday of April 
next, all that part of the counties of Vigo and 
Owen, and of the county north of Owen, con- 
tained in the following hounds, shall form 
and constitute a separate county, to wit: Be- 
ginning in the center of range 7 west, on the 
line dividing townships 10 and 11 north, 
thence east fifteen miles to the line dividing 
rancres 1 and 5 west, thence north twelve 
miles to the line dividing townships 12 and 
13 north, thence east three miles, thence 
north twelve miles to the line dividing town- 
ships 14 and 15, thence west fifteen miles to 
the line dividing ranges 6 and 7 west, thence 
south six miles, thence west three miles, 
thence south eighteen miles to the be- 

"Section 2. The said new county shall he 
known and designated by the name of Put- 
nam, and shall enjoy all the rights, privileges 
and jurisdictions which to separate and in- 
dependent counties do or may properly ap- 
pertain or belong. 

"Section 3. John Bartholomew, of Owen 
County, Aaron Redus, of Washington County, 
Jonathan Wells, of Sullivan County, John 
Allen, of Daviess County, and Peter Allen, 
of Vigo County, are hereby appointed com- 
missioners agreeably to the act entitled 'An 
act for the fixing of the seats of justice in 
all new counties hereafter to be laid off.' The 
commissioners above named shall convene at 
the house of James Athey, in the said county 
of Putnam, on the first Monday in May 
next, and shall immediately proceed to dis- 
charge the duties assigned to them by law. 
It is hereby made the duty, of the sheriff of 
Owen County to notify the said commission- 
ers, either in person or by written notifica- 
tion, of their appointment on or before the 
fifteenth day of April next, and the said 

sheriff of Owen County shall receive from the 
said county of Putnam so much as the county 
I commissioners shall deem just and reason- 
| able, who are hereby authorized to allow the 
j same out of any monies in the county 
! treasury, in the same manner other allow- 
; ances are paid. 

I "Section 4. The circuit court of the 
| county of Putnam shall meet and be holden 
; at the house of James Athey, in the said 
I county of Putnam, until suitable accommoda- 
I tions can be had at the seat of justice, and so 
j soon as the courts of said county are satisfied 
that suitable accommodations can be had at 
! the county seat, they shall adjourn their 
I courts thereto, after which time the courts of 
! the county of Putnam shall be holden at the 
I county seat of Putnam County, established 
j as the law directs. Provided, however, that 
; the circuit court shall have authority to re- 
' move the court from the house of James 
Athey to any other place previous to the 
i completion of the public building, should the 
j said court deem it. expedient. 

'•Section 5. That the agent who shall be 
! appointed to superintend the sale of lots at 
I the county seat of the county of Putnam, 
! shall reserve ten per centum out of the pro- 
| ceeds thereof, and also ten per centum out of 
; the proceeds of all donations made to the 
! county, and pay the same over to such person 
| or persons as may be appointed by law to 
! receive the same, for the use of a county 
j library for the said county of Putnam, which 
! he shall pay over at such time or times and 
| place as may be directed by law. 

"Section 6. The Board of County Com- 
! missioners of the said county of Putnam 
] shall within twelve months after the perma- 
j nent seat of justice shall have been selected, 
I proceed to erect the necessary public build- 
ings thereon. 

"Section 7. And be it further enacted, 


That such parts of the county of Putnam as | line dividing ranges 6 and 7 west, thence 
previous to the passage of this act belonged ! east twenty-four miles, to the line dividing 
to the counties of Vigo and Owen shall be ranges 2 and 3, thence north with said line, 
considered attached respectively to the coun- ! twenty-seven miles to the line dividing town- 
ties from which they were taken, for, the j ships 16 and 17, thence west with said line 
purpose of electing a Representative and I twenty-four miles, to the line dividing ranges 
Senator to the General Assembly of this j 6 and 7, then south twenty-seven miles to the 

" Section 8; The powers, privileges and 
authorities that are granted to the qualified 
voters of the county of Dubois, and others 
named in the act entitled * an act incorporat- 
ing a county library in the counties therein 

place of beginning, shall constitute and form 
the boundaries of the county of Putnam; and 
that the first section of the act to which this 
is an amendment, be, and the same is hereby 

"Section 2. That all that part of the 

named, approved January the twenty-eighth, present county of Putnam contained within the 

one thousand eight hundred and eighteen,' to ; following boundary, to-wit: beginning in the 

organize, conduct and support a county center of town 12 north, on the line dividing 

library, are hereby granted to the qualified ranges 6 and 7 west, thence east twelve miles 

voters of the county of Putnam, and the same to the line dividing ranges 4 and 5, thence 

power and authority therein granted to, and 

the same duties therein required of, the sev- 
eral officers, and the person or persons selected 

by the qualified voters of Dubois County, and 

other counties in said act named, for carrying 

into effect the provisions of the act entitled, 

'an act to incorporate a county library in the 

county of Dubois, and the other counties 

therein named,' according to the true intent 

and meaning thereof, are hereby extended to, 

and required of,. the officers and other persons 

elected by the qualified voters of the county 

of Putnam. 

'•This act to take effect and be in force 

from and after its passage.' 1 

By the provisions of this act Putnam 

County was considerably larger than as it 

now is, as one may see by consulting any 

township map of Indiana. An amendatory 

act was approved December 21, 1822, by 

Governor Hendricks, reading as follows: 
" Section 1. Be it enacted by the General 

Assembly of the State of Indiana, That the 

following boundaries, to-wit, beginning in 

the center of township 12 north, on the range 

south nine miles to the line dividing towns 
10 and 11, thence west twelve miles with mi id 
line, to the line dividing ranges (5 and 7, 
thence north nine miles to the place of begin- 
ning, shall be attached to, constitute, and 
form a part of the county of Owen, and that 
all that part of the county of Vigo which was 
attached to the county of Putnam by the act 
to which this is an amendment, and which is 
not included within the boundaries of said 
Putnam County, as designated by this act, 
be and the same is hereby attached to, and 
shall hereafter constitute and form a part of 
the said county of Vigo. 

"Section 3. That all suits, pleas, plaints, 
actions and proceedings, which may have 
been commenced, instituted and pending 
within the said county of Putnam, previous 
to the taking effect of this act, shall be pros- 
ecuted and carried on to a final effect in the 
same manner as if this act had not been 
passed. And the State and county tax which 
may be due, in that part of the county of 


by th 

attached to the 


of Owen and Vigo, shall be collected and paid 



in the same manner, and by the same officers, i 
as if this act had not been passed. 

" Section 4. This act to take effect and j 
be in force from and after its passage." 

The commissioners named in the organic 
act failed for some reason to meet and locate I 
the county seat. Accordingly the following ! 
act was passed and approved January 7, 1823: j 

"Whereas, It has been represented to this ; 
General Assembly that the commissioners ; 
heretofore appointed to locate the seat of I 
justice in the county of Putnam, pursuant to 
the provisions of the act entitled 4 an act for j 
the formation of a new county out of Owen j 
and Vigo counties, and north of Owen,' j 
approved December 31, 1821, failed toper- : 
form the duty assigned them by said act, for . 
remedy whereof: 

"Be it enacted by the General Assembly] 
of the State of Indiana, that Jacob Bell, '' 
of the comity of Parke, Abraham Puskirk j 
and Daniel Anderson, of the county of Mon- 
roe, Jacob Cutler, of the county <f Morgan, 
and James Wasson, of the county of Sullivan, 
be and they are hereby appointed commis- 
sioners, agreeable to the act entitled 4 an act 
for the fixing of the seats of justice in all 
new comities hereafter to be laid off.' The 
commissioners above named shall convene at 
the house of John Butcher, in the said i 
county of Putnam, on the second Monday in 
April next, and shall immediately, or as soon 
thereafter as may be convenient, proceed to , 
discharge the duties assigned them by law; j 
and it is hereby made the duty of the sheriff j 
of the said county of Putnam to notify the i 
said commissioners of their appointment, 
either in person or by written notification, on j 
or before the fifteenth day of March next, j 
and the said sheriff shall receive from the j 
said county of Putnam so much as the county 
commissioners of said county shall deem jast 
and reasonable, who are hereby authorized to | 

allow the same out of any monies in the 
county treasury, to be paid in the same man- 
ner other allowances are paid. The said 
commissioners, and all other proceedings had 
under this act, shall be regulated and gov- 
erned, in all respects not provided for by this 
act, pursuant to the provisions of the acts 
referred to in this act. 

"This act to take effect from its passage." 
Section 20 of "an act relative to county 
boundaries," approved February 17, 1838, 
reduced Putnam County by taking away 
the southwest township, and leaving it a per- 
fect rectangle in shape. In 1850 the area 
now known as Mill Creek Township was 
added from Morgan County, which brought 
the county to its present shape and si/.e. 

The first county officers were- Arthur 
MeGaughcv. Clerk and Recorder; James 
Talbott, Treasurer; William W. Mcintosh, 
Sheriff and Thomas Blake, Prosecutor. 
Amos Kobertson was appointed county agent, 
and tiie political organization was complete. 
Jt was yet necessary to provide for the 
administration of justice. Prior to this time 
the citizens of the county had been under the 
jurisdiction of Owen County. After consid- 
erable delay, occasioned by the examination 
of several rival places, pointed out by persons 
residing in different parts of the county, each 
anxious to secure the location of the county 
seat in his own neighborhood, the present site 
of Green castle was selected by the commis- 
sioners previously named, and established as 
the capital and seat of justice for the county. 

As early as the autumn of 1821, James 
Trotter began the erection of a grist and saw- 
mill on Walnut Creek, just north of Green- 
castle, and completed it the following spring. 
In the year 1822, also, Fiddler's mill was 
built on Raccoon Creek, within the limits of 


Putnam County. Grimes', Sutherlin's, in their deportment toward one another in 
Swank's and Fasher's were other pioneer both their religious and business relations, 
mills of the county. Samueljtlazelett built Christian Astlinger,John Oatinan and George 
the first mill put up on Deer Creek, in the ' Pearc) were the pioneer preachers of this 
eastern portion, about 1825 or '26. About j denomination. The first camp-meeting in the 

the same date Mr. Ilihbs built another mill I county was conducted by the New Lights at 

I " & 

on Deer ('reek. John Keel also built a mill j John Sigler's, while he lived on the Bridges 

at a very early day where Keelsviiie now j farm, northeast of Greencastle. Thisdenom- 
stands. All these were water-mills of the ination was principally absorbed into the 
tub-wheel pattern, but- there was another - Christian church and became extinct in the 
kind of mill common in that day. It. was : county. 

the horse-mill. John Butcher erected the j The Baptists organized a society and held 
first one in the county, on the Hammond j meetings at Michael Wilson's, west of Green- 
farm, north of Greencastle. : castle, in the year 1S°3. John Miller, Jnbal 

The first marriage license shown bj the Dewees and Thomas Johnson are remem- 
records to have been issued, authorizing the j bered as prominent members of this church, 
marriage of persons resident within the : John Leatherman aud a Mr. Den man were 
county, was issued on July 4, 1822, to Thorn- their earliest preachers. This denomination 
as Jackson and Sarah Woods; and the return j very soon organized another society at James 
thereto shows the parties to have been joined Bird's, on Walnut about seven miles north- 
in matrimony on the 15th day of the same east of Greencastle. This is thought by some 
month, by fie v. Reuben Clearwaters. Only J to have been about as early as the year 1.823. 
one otiier license was issued that year. It j From these beginnings the Baptist church 
was to Andrew Astlinger and Sally Dukes, j has aprea ' into every neighborhood of the 
They also were married by Mr. Clearwaters. : county. 

The first white child } K ,rn in Putnam ; it was in the year 182! that the Rev. 
County was Mary Jane McGaughey. on ! Reuben Clearwaters came to the county. 
February 10, 1S22. She died in the year • about the same time came, also, John Messer, 
1842. | and the two preached for the Methodists, who 

The first death in the county occurred at were at that early day quite numerous, before 
Trotter's mill. Mr. Dennis, the millwright, | the latter were included within the bounds 
died there in the autumn of 1821, and was j of any conference. The Methodist Episcopal 
buried on the hill in the woods just west of circuit including the county was organized 
the mill. - in the fall of 1822, by the Rev. William 

EAKLY EELIGIOUS HISTOID ^'^ ^ ^^^ * »»***! *' Green " 

castle during that fall or winter. The coun- 

In the early settlement of the county, four try over which he traveled was known as the 

religious denominations were quite prom- Eel River Circuit, and it embraced all the 

inent. The New Lights had considerable territory from White River to the Wabash. 

strength in various neighborhoods. They During the Conference year 1823-'24, this 

held meetings from house to house, as the circuit was traveled by John Cost. The next 

convenience of the people suited. They are year it was supplied by Stephen Grimes, a 

represented to have been remarkably social local preacher from near Bloominffton In 
15 * J & 



1825- '26*, Daniel Anderson was the pastor of 
the circuit. He returned the following year 
with Benjamin C. Stevenson, brother of Dr. 
A. C. Stevenson, as assistant. The circuit- 
rider on this work for the year 1827- ? 28, was 
the late venerable William II, Smith. His 
assistant was also Benjamin 0. Stevenson. 
The next year the circuit was divided on Eel 
River and Walnut, when Mr. Smith was re- 
turned to the eastern portion, called Green- 
castle Circuit. The Methodists built at 
Greencastle the first house of worship in the 
county in the year L826. It was a hewed- 
log house, with clapboard root', rough board 
floor, and a very large open lire-place. 
Linden logs having been cut into proper 
lengths, split in two and supplied with 
stout wooden pegs driven into holes on 
the round side tor legs, served as seats. 
As a matter of personal reminiscence, it may 
be stated thai the clapboard rout' of this 
building was put on by Amos Robertson-, 
then holding the office of State Senator. 
This buiiding stood on Lot No. 191, and 
covered a part of the ground since occupied 

I by the residence of Mrs. Hammond. When 
: the house was done, James Armstrong 
i preached the dedicatory sermon. Some of 
'■ the first members of this church were Amos 
| Robertson, Benjamin Jones, William Talbort, 
I James Talbott, Reese II ardesty, William Hol- 
I land and William G. Duckworth. Such as 
; these and their associates were the pioneers 
j of the Methodist Episcopal church, most, if 
■ not all. of whom have gone to their reward. 
The first organization of a Presbyterian 
church in Greencastle and in the county was 
effected by the Rev. Isaac Reed, August 12, 
1825. Mr. Reed at that time was laboring 
under appointment of the Connecticut Mis- 
sionary Society, and lived in Owen County, 
near Gosport. He says that to form this 
church required much previous labor in 
preaching, visiting and traveling. This or- 
ganization afterward became e.xtinct. During 
its existence the members held meetings iit 
the Methodist church. Among the early 
members of this society may be mentioned 
James M. Ilillis, Mrs. llillis. Mh. General 
Qrr and Mrs. L. R. Chapin. 




joins Russell on the 
south, and is the pre- 
ceding Congressional 
township of the same 
range. It is bounded 
on the north by Rus- 
on the east by Monroe, on 
the south by Madison Township, 
and on the west by Parke Coun- 
ty. A small portion of Clinton 
is a little rough and broken, 
though most of it lies well, and 
the township altogether is a tine 
body of land, and very well 

The first entry of land in this township 
was made by Ashbery Yandever. on June 17, 
1871; the next by Roan Irwin, July 22, 
1821; the third by Samson Sutherlin. August 
1. 1821; the fourth by Israel Linder, Octo- 
ber S, 1821. Some of the entries of the year 
1822 were made by the following named, in 
the order in which thev are given: Alexan- 
der Johnson. Aimer Goodwin, John Holt, 
John Dougherty, Isaiah Vermillion, Andrew 

McG. Walker, Andrew J. Walker and James 

Among the old settlers are named James 
Johnson, Arthur Walker, Thomas Hart, Ed- 
ward Newgent, Wilson Spaulding, Oliver 
McCoy, Moses Spurgeon, Stephen C. Burk, 
Jonathan Manker, Michael Etter, James 
Crawford, Oliver Tally, Eli Praekney, Rob- 
ert Johnson, John Butler, Isaiah Ratliff, 
William C. Butcher. Jonathan Bee, Judge 
William McKee, Scady Chandler, Daniel 
Herron, William Angel and Mr. Shonkwiler, 
all of whom are deceased. 

The first birth in the township was that of 
John Sigler, son of Andrew and Sarah Sigler, 
on December 15, 1825. Andrew Sigler and 
Sarah Heady were the first persons married 
in the township. The first blacksmith was a 
man named Tvvigg. The first grist-mill was 
put up in the year 1825, by Captain Good- 
win, on Little Walnut Creek. Like many 
others, of those early days, it was a kind of 
wet-weather mill, and could run only when 
the heavens gave a supply of water. Captain 
William II. Thornburg, so well known fo the 
citizens of Putnam County, taught the first 


school in Clinton Township at Captain Good- 
win's mill. The first physician in the town- 
ship was Dr. Hubbard. 

The lirst church organized in this town- 
ship was tlie Predestinarian Baptist. Tin's 
took place about the year 1831, and was con- 
ducted by Rev. Turpin Darnall, of Bain- 
bridge. John Leatherman and Jesse Mc- 
Clain were "»fft'ong the earliest ministers of, 
this congregation. A house was soon built, 
and the organization was kept up for a num- 
ber of years, but it is now disbanded, and 
the house is gone to decay. The Methodist 
Episcopal church was organized about the 
year 1832, by Rev. William C. Smith, and a 
log house was built a year later. Revs. 
Aaron Wood, DeMott, Beck, Preston and 
Wright were the early ministers of this 
church. A few years later two other Meth- 
odist churches were organized in the town- 
ship, and log houses were erected. All three 
of these buildings have been replaced with 
frame ones of substantial character.; Some 
twelve or fifteen years ago the Tanker de- 
nomination organized a church ;in this town- 
ship, and built a good frame house of wor- 
ship, where they still hold regular services. 

In Clinton Township there are three post- 
office towns: Portland Mills, Morton and 
Clinton Falls. The first named is an old 
town, and is so situated that a part of it is 
in Clinton and a part in Russell Township, 
Putnam County, and a part in each of two 
townships in Parke County. 

This township was originally a part of 
Warren and Jefferson townships. It was or- 
ganized in 1846, and is composed of the 
southern tier of sections of township 13, 
ranges 3 and 4, and the northern half of 
township 12, of the same ranges. It is 
bounded on the north by Warren and Jeffer- 

son, from which it was detached; on the east 
by Morgan County and Mill Creek Township; 
on the south by Owen County, and on the 
west by Washington Township. The surface 
is hilly and broken, and was originally cov- 
ered with a dense growth of timber, such as 
i white and yellow poplar, maple, walnut, oak, 
! ash, elm, gum, beech and mulberry. The 
f soil "is good and of the quality known as 
! limestone land. The whole township is un- 
J derlaid with a fine quality of limestone well 
i adapted to building and manufacturing pnr- 
j poses. The principal streams are Mill Creek 
'■■ in the east and Doe Creek in the center. 

The first settlers in what is now Cloverdale 
J Township were William Hamilton and James 
j Robinson, who came together from Kentucky 
j in the spring of 1823, and built the first 
[•' cabin.-. Hamilton located on section 1, town- 
j ship 12, range 4, and Robinson on section 0, 
; township 12, range 3. Abraham Van Sickle, 
Anthony Kilgore, Thomas James, Robert 
j Hadden, Arthur MeNary, Mr. Goodman, 
j Ambrose Bandy, G. Macy and Robert Macy, 
: alLeame from Kentucky in the autumn of 
' the same year, and settled around where 
j Cloverdale now stands. Jubal Meadows, 
! John Macy, George Bandy and John Tabor 
came in 1824. In 1825 came John P. Sin- 
clair, John Briscoe and Robert Conoly. Dur- 
ing the next year Williain Martin* Thomas 
Evans, Enoch Patrick, A. Tabor, N. Nolin 
and Nancy White became citizens. The next 
four years witnessed the arrival of Philip 
Rouse, Peter Lyon, .lames Woods, Robert 
Donnoson, James Gilmore, O. Owen, T. 
Owen, Daniel Morgan, Robert Hood, Jacob 
Rule and Samuel Logan. 

The first white child born in the township 
was Elizabeth Tabor, daughter of John Tabor, 
in 1824. At that time the family lived on' 
section 36, township 13, range 4. The first 
death was that of a child of Ambrose Bandy 

T< ) WN8HIP S KETCHES. 2 [ - 

in 1854. It was buried in the grave-yard yet Oloverdale, which was occupied up to the 

used in the town of Cloverdale. The first year 18 73. In that year they erected their 

persons married in the township were David present frame church, which stands as a 

Martin and \\vt>vx Tabor, or Berry Branna- monument of their zeal. Then- is another 

man and Morns Sinclair. Methodist church at Poplar Grove, in this 

In 1831 Abraham Waters built iht first township. The Regular Baptists organized 

saw-mill. Ft stood on Doe Creek, in section a church in 1827 or 1828, and held meetings 

6, township 12, range 3. There was no flour at the house of Elder Owen Owen, who was 

or grist-mill in the township until the steam their first regular preacher. A church was 

mill erected by Joseph Pearcy and Gabriel erected by them in 1841, on section 6. In 

Woodville, in the year 1863. Moses Nelson 1844 this church divided, a part joining the 

kent the first tavern in the township. It was Missionary Baptists and holding the building. 

located on section 6, township 12, range 3, The Regular Baptists built a new house two 

and was opened for custom in 1836. in the miles west of Cloverdale. Thoy now have a 

sam< year Thomas Nelson put up the first church three miles west of town. Cyrus 

store, which stood on the same section with Tabor. J. W. Denman, Samuel Arthur, Sam- 

Moses Nelson's tavern. Isaac J. McKason, nel Denny, A. Davis, Joseph Callthrop, Joel 

who* located in the township in 1838, was the Vermillion. Eli Beman, John Case, John 

first blacksmith. The first school was taught Leatherman, Benjamin Parks and William 

by Thomas Evans in 1835, in a small log Walden are some of the ministers who have 

building on section 1. township 12, range 4. served this church. 

Thomas Nelson was the first postmaster, an The Christian denomination was organized 
office having been established in his store in into a congregation at Cloverdale, July 24, 
1836. William Hamilton was the first jus- 1841, by Eider James M. Mathes, assisted by 
tice of the peace. John Pearcy, Reuben Magiunis Joseph Col- 

The first religious meeting in the town- well, George W. Grose, Andrew T. McCoy, 
ship was held by the Methodists, at the Moses Nelson, Thomas W. Dowell, Michael 
house of John Macy, in 1824, and conducted Grose, J. B. Ross. Andrew McMains,J.C. Mo- 
by John Cord, an itinerant Methodist Coy- 1. J. Nickson and others. Meetings had 
preacher, who died the same year. After been held in the township before the organiza- 
him came John McCortl, Stephen Grimes, tion of the church, generally in private houses 
Daniel Anderson, William 11. Smith and Mr. and in groves. Among those who preached at 
Strange. They were followed by the Revs, this point are Elders Colwell, Ileadriek, 
Forbes. Ames, Hebenridge, Morton, Wells, George Pearcy, Ferry and James Blanken- 
Wood, Scam mahorn, Jackson, Brunei*, Davis, ship, Franklin, Smith, [lawn, Lockharfc, 
"Williams, John and Byron Carter, Lee. Ros- Burgess, Swinford, Wright.-. Wilsons, Black. 
son, Poynter, Allison, Walls, Webb, Hewring, Harris. Badger and Pritchard. The last 
Pewett, Tansey, Johnson and McNaughton. named held a debate with the Rev. Mr. 
This denomination erected a log church on Brooks, of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
section 1, township 12, range 4, in the year March 19 to 28, 1866, which created quite a 
1827, which was the first built in the town- local excitement. It is claimed by the Chris- 
ship. They continued to use this house un- turn church that about seventy members were 
til 1848, when they built a frame church in added to its organization, as the result of the 



debate. This denomination erected a frame I the township. From 1821 to 1V2G came G. 

Xorrill, Zaehariali Melton, Mr. Rowlett, 

church in the year oi its organization, on 
land donated for that purpose by Andrew j Wi 
McCoy, in the. south part of the town of I linj 

Ceilings, S. Coliiugs, Harvey Col- 
5, A. L. Ceilings, Abraham Wise and his 

Cloverdale, which was occupied until 1858, j sons, Sanford and Shadrach Wise. The years 
when they built their present commodious 


1827 to ls30 brought George Mona- 

brick building in the northern part of the | chal, Anderson B. Matthews and his father- 
in-law, John Heavin, A. Pickett, William 

same town. 

Cloverdale village is the second largest j 
point in the county, aud is not tar from the \ 
center of the township. Its history will be j 
jHven later on. 

This township is the full Congressional 
township 15, range 3. and is bounded on the 
north by Jackson Township, on the east by 
Hendricks ( -ounty, on the south by Marion, 
and on the west by Mouroe Township. The j Join 
soil is good, and compares favorably With the 
best townships of the county. Its surface is 
rolling, but becomes broken along the streams, 
which are Walnut Fork of Eel River, War- 
ford's Fork. Monudbal's Fork, ami their 
branches, all running in a southwesterly direc- 
tion. The valuable timber of this township 
consists of poplar, walnut, oak, maple, ash, 
elm and hickory. The most peculiar natural 
feature of the county is the sandy ridge iu 
this township. It extends north and south a 
distance of three miles, at an elevation of 
forty feet above the surrounding level. The 

and Aquila Pickett, J. M. and II. 15. Pickett, 
Isaac Yeates, Mr, Howard, Thomas Ogle, 
Joseph Evans, William Arnold, James Miller, 
J. Kinder, Moses Lewis, E. Tarburton, J. L. 
Bird, J. C. Wilson, I. J. Wilson, A, Wilson, 
L. Gibson. J. Westhart, J. Kurtz and William 
Todd. The next three years witnessed the 
arrival of John Gregory, Dr. Stadiey, Jacob 
McVey. Jacob Hoffman, Cooper Wilson, 
James Robinson, Dr. Josias 11. Robinson, 

II. Herod, Charles Hunter, Thomas 
Ellis. Lewis Ellis and James Ellis. Between 
1834 and 1839, Joshua Iddings. Archibald 
Miller. John Craver, Martin and Enoch 
Wright, Thomas Job, Henry Wain, Thomas 
Randall, John Millman, Levi Owen, James 
Shoemaker, George Ilnnselb Elijah Wilkin- 
son, Samuel Shinn, John Shinn, .Jacob Mill- 
inan, Stephen Brown, Wesley Eigg. J. W. 
Chatham, and Thomas Job. son of Samuel 
J oil. 

Among the old settlers still living are 
Harrison Monnett, Sanford Wise, Harvey 
Collings, William Todd, Susan Hunter, Del- 

composition is of band and gravel, and is j phia Busby, Francis Hughs, Joshua Iddings. 
entirely different from any other geological Stephen Brown, Archibald Miller, Wesley 

deposit in the vicinity. 

I Figg, J. W. Chatham, Sarah Eliis and 

Th iirst settler was Joseph Warford, who j Thomas Job. 
located on section 33 in the year 1821. In j The iirst marriage in Floyd was that of 
1822 came Wilson L. Warford, Washington j Wilson L. Warford and Nancy Monnett. 
Weatherford, Beadle Akers, Isaac Monnett, ! daughter of Isaac Monnett. This occurred 
Lawson Monnett and Reuben Smith. During j in 1823; and an incident in connection with 
the year lb23, Thomas Purcell, Cuthbert ; the wedding that is worthy of recording was 
Daniels, William Aldridge, Thomas Higgins ! that the family had no flour to make bread, 
and Harrison Monnett became pioneers of ! and therefore the feast had to be enjoyed 



without that necessary article of food. Delia 
Warford, born in 1824, was the first white 
child born in the township. The first who 
died was a daughter of Joseph Warford, in 
1822. She was buried on the home farm, 
now owned by Vincent Day. This was the 
first grave-yard in the township, "but it lias 
not been used for many years. The first 
saw-ni il! was built by Anderson i'>. Matthews 
on section 33, in the year L829. Within the 
next year he added a grist-mill. These were 
water mills, and stood on Warford 's Fork. 
Mr. Ogle built a saw and grist mill on Wal- 
nut, in tli is township, in the year 1831 or 
1835. William Arnold, who had a shop in 
section 20. in 1 S 2 X . was the first blacksmith. 
Dr. William Matthews, son of Anderson 15. 
Matthew-, was the first resident physician in 
Floyd, lie located in the south part of the 
township, and became quite a noted man in 
his profession. The Doctor was author of 
several medical works, and correspondent of 
some leading journals of the country. At i 
later day he removed to Mason, Effingham 
County. Illinois, where he died a few years 
ago. Dr. J. II. Robinson is living in section 
27, and does most of the practice in the 

In the year 1838 John Millman, Sr., 
erected on section 2b' a factory for the manu- 
facture of fur and wool hats, in which he 
continued to carry on business until the year 
18(33, a period of just a quarter of a century. 
During this time he manufactured hats by 
the hundred and by the thousand, and hauled 
them in wagon-loads to neighboring counties 
where they were exchanged for furs and 
pelts, ile was a prominent member of the 
American Fur Company, and collected furs 
in large quantities, which he hauled in 
wagons to the company's depot at Detroit, 
Michigan. Mr. Millman was a man of great ex- 
perience in his business, and a splendid work- i 

man, having produced from his factory hat-, 
which were worn for thirteen years in suc- 
cession. It was a claim of the old gentleman 
that he made the first hat eves- worn by 
Bishop Simpson, of the Methodist church. 
The last hats he manufactured were sent to 
Scottsboro, Tennessee, during the civil war, 
to be worn by the Union soldiers. This old 
pioneer was a great lover of his country, 
having sent three sons to the Mexican war, 
and five to the Union army in 1861. He 
died in the centennial year, at the age of 
eighty-seven years, and was buried within 
sight of his old factory. 

Anderson 11 Matthews was the first justice 
of the peace, holding the office in 1828, and 
continuing in the same until the time of his 
death, ile served for a number of years as 
President of the County Hoard of Magis- 

Daniel Anderson preached the first sermon 
in this township, in the year 1822 or 1823, 
ar. the house of Joseph Warford, which was 
a place of worship for a number of years. 
These meetings were livid by the Methodists, 
who at an early day built -Wesley Chapel" 
and "Pleasant Grove." -Wesley Chapel" 
is the only church which this denomination 
now owns in the township. Their first min- 
ister was followed by S. Otwell, William II. 
Smith. Lorenzo Dow, Mr. Crimes. A. L. Cei- 
lings, II. Ceilings, Isaac Owen, Mr. Cord 
and Mathew Simpson, with probably others 
worthy of record, if their names could be re- 

The first Sabbath-school was organized in 
1844, by Harvey Collings. 

The history of the Regular Baptists in 
Floyd dates from the year 1826, in which 
they farmed a society and built a house of 
worship called Erion, the same being the first 
structure of the kind in the township. They 
also built the second church in the township. 


and named it Palestine. Charles and Carter 
itmter, of Marion Township, preached the 
first Baptist sermons in Floyd, in the year 
1826. They were followed by J . Cost, Spen- 
cer Colli ngs and Thomas Broadsheet, who 
auk among the early Baptist ministers of 
/ns part of the county. 

The Cumberland Presbyterians have a 
church in this township, though their organi- 
zation is of later date. 

The village of Groveland, situated on sec- 
tions 2 and 3. was laid out by Benjamin P. | 
and Daniel Summers, March 18, 1854, and 
now contains a population of about 100 per- j 

Franklin Township, lying in the middle of 
the north tier of townships in Putnam Coun- 
ty, comprises tite Congressional township >Xo. 
16 north, range 4 west, and is bounded on 
the north by Montgomery County, on the 
east by Jackson Township, on the south by 
Monroe Township, on the west by Russell 
Township. Its surface is roiling, presenting 
to the view a varied appearance. The town- 
ship is drained by Raccoon Creole in the 
north, North Ramp Creek through the cen- 
ter, and South Ramp Creek in the southwest, 
all of which take a westward course. The 
soil of the township is very fertile, producing 
fine crops of grain and grass. The township 
is well supplied with timber, consisting prin- 
cipally of poplar, walnut, oak, hickory, beech 
and ash. The Louisville, New Albany & 
Chicago Railroad crosses the township north 
and south, running through the eastern tier 
of sections, and the Indianapolis, Decatur & 
Springfield Railroad runs east and west. It 
is inhabited by an enterprising class of farm- 
ers who, improving its natural advantages, 
have placed it in the front rank of the town- 
ships of Putnam. 

Franklin Township was not settled until 

1824, two years after the organization of the 
county. In that year James Gordon and 
"William Elrod settled in that part of the 
county, being the first to make their way 
thither. They were joined the next year by 
Garrett Gibson and James Fiddler. In 
1820 came David ! James, Thomas House, 
David House, Joshua Burnett, William Gid- 
dons, John Miller, Samuel Osborn and 
Thomas Batman. The new-comers for 1827- 
'28 were James Makemson, the Lafolletts, the 
Henkles, Mr. Brothers and Thomas Grider. 
During the next year John Dickerson, A. 
Osborn, Samuel and Isaac Brown arrived, 
and were joined in 1830-31, by James 
Stephens, George Wright, the Catherwoods, 
Jesse Ilyraer, James G. Edwards, Philip 
Carpenter. A. S. Farrow and others. 

The first habitation of the white man in the 
I township was erected in the thirty-sixth sec- 
! tion by the first white inhabitant, James 
! Gordon. The first blacksmith's forge that 
I rang its peals in that neighborhood was put 
| up °and worked in 1828 by Philip Lemon. 
I The first store was kept by Philip Carpenter, 
I and was located south of the site of Carpen- 
! tersville in the year 1*31. The first white 
child born in the township was James Gor- 
'■ don, son of Anderson Gordon. The first 
I school was taught by a man named Elliott in 
i 1839, in the neighborhood of Fincastle. 
i William Elrod was the first justice of the 
I peace. The present incumbents of that office 
| are Alexander Picked and Squire Dickerson. 
I Henry Rogers located here in 1832, and 
became the first practitioner of medicine in 
the. township. The present practicing phy- 
sicians are Drs. Harris, Culver, Stanley and 

The first church organization was effected 
by the Presbyterians, who at an early day 
held meetings at the house of George Pearey, 
on section 1, Monroe Township, but soon 


removed into a church on section 36, in 
Franklin. This congregation was under the 
pastoral charge of Rev. James II. Shields. 
The Presbyterians now have a house of wor- 
ship and a good membership at Carpenters- 
ville. The Christian denomination next 
organized about the year 1827. Eiders 
Coombs, Ilaney, Harris and G rider were 
among their first preachers. Their present 
church edifice is located at Fincastle. The 
Regular Baptists were organized in 1829, at 
James Fiddler's house, by Rev. Nathan 
Keeney. They at present have a fair mem- 
bership, who worship ina church-building on 
section 21. For some cause the Methodists 
did not push their organization into Franklin 
as early as into other townships of the coun- 
ty. Their history is, therefore, more meager 
than that of other denominations. They 
have a church at Carpentersviile where they 
are represented by a good membership. They 
have, also, a brick church at Fincastle, the 
finest edifice of the kind in the township. 

Carpentersviile, situated near the southeast 
corner of the township, on the Louisville, 
New Albany & Chicago Railroad, was laid 
out about the year 1840, by Philip Carpen- 
ter, who had been carrying on a tan-yard 
there for several years prior to that time. 
Logan Sutherlin was the first merchant and a 
Mr. Bradford the first blacksmith. William 
King taught the first school, and Dr. Cross, 
now of Bainbridge, was the first physician. 
The Methodist Episcopal church was the first 
organized, and the Presbyterian followed 
soon afterward. Both of these denominations 
now have church edifices in the village, 
which has 250 inhabitants. 

Fincastle, located in the western part of 
this township, was laid out in the year 1838, 
by John Obenchain. A store was soon 
opened by Allen Pierson, and a blacksmith 
shop by the Conner Brothers. The first 

school was taught by Wilson Turner who 
was also the first resident physician. The 
moral interests of the community are repre- 
sented by two churches. The Universalist 
church was organized by W. W. Carry in 
1861, and an elegant brick structure was 
erected for their accommodation in the same 
year. The following-named ministers served 
this church during its early years: S. E. 
Ballard, E. M. Manford, Miss Prudy LeClerc, 
B. F. Foster, Mr. Biddlecomb and T. S. 
Guthrie. The village has about 100 inhabi- 

Roachdale, in the northern part of the 
township, was laid out in the autumn of 
1879, by Elijah Grantham, on the southeast 
quarter of section 1. It was named in honor 
of the late Judge Roach, of Indianapolis. 
The first buildings (a store and a dwelling) 
were built by Mr. Grantham. Both have 
been since burned. The first blacksmith 
shop was built by S. B. Sweeney, who still 
owns and runs it. The first hotel was begun 
by William Atkins, of Green castle, and com- 
pleted by E. Grantham. It is the present 
McCoy House. The first harness shop was 
started by its present proprietor, W. 11. Rich. 
The postoffice was established in 1880. The 
first livery stable was established in 1882, by 
J. R. Miller. The first physician was Dr. J. 
T. Seller, who died in 1884. The village 
now claims 350 inhabitants, and has two 
drug and grocery stores, one harness shop, 
one hardware store, one implement store, 
one furniture and implement store, one shoe 
shop, one barber shop, two hotels, one res- 
taurant, three blacksmith shops, two livery 
stables, one wagon and repair shop, two 
millinery shops, one flonring-mill, one saw- 
mill, one grain elevator and two physicians. 
The village is incorporated, and has (in 1887) 
the following officers: Isaac Edwards (Presi- 
dent); J. W. King, J. W. Sutherlin and W. 


II. Smith, Trustees: R. M. Redding, Mar- j 
shal; G.J. Hennon, Clerk; George Justice, ] 
Justice of the Peace; S. W. Boner, Treasurer; 
Dr. W. T. McCarty, Secretary of Board of j 


Greencastle Township is the central one of 
the county, exactly coinciding with Congres- 
sional township 14, range 4, and is bounded 
on the north by Monroe, on the east by 
Marion, on the south by Warren, and on the 
west by Madison. The surface of the town- 
ship is generally rolling, though some parts 
along Walnut are broken, and some in the 
eastern portion are flat. The soil is good and 
finely adapted for all kinds of agricultural, 
pursuits suitable to its latitude. The creek 
bottoms are especially productive. It was 
originally covered with an abundant growth 
of as line timber as could be found in any 
part of the country. This consisted of the 
kinds common to such soil. The yellow 
■poplar and black walnut were especially 
attractive. With these were the other kinds 
common throughout the county. 

The township is drained by Big Walnut, 
which crosses it diagonally from northeast to 
southwest, running to the north and west of 
Greencastle. A heavy and valuable bed of 
limestone underlies the entire township, giv- 
ing character to its topography. The town- 
ship was one of the first settled and is finely 
improved. Enjoying the location of the 
county seat near its center, it has special 
facilities for the development of its natural 

Greencastle Township was settled in 1821. 
by John Sigler, Thomas Johnson, John Miller, 
Benjamin Jones, Silas G. Weeks, Jubal 
Doweese, Amos Robertson. John F. Seller, 
David Deweese, Jefferson Thomas, Thomas 
Deweese and Samuel Rogers, In 1822 and 

1823 came Abraham (oilman. Solomon Coif- 
man. Nicholas GofFman, Isaac Legg, Colonel 
Lewis 11. Sands, General Joseph Orr, James 
Talbott, Aniasa Johnson, Robert Glidewell, 
P. S. Wilson, Ephraim Dukes, John W. 
Clark, William B." Gwathney, Michael Wil- 
son, John Butcher, Master, and Spencer 
Hunter, William Talbott, Colonel Daniel 
Sigler, Lawson D. Sims, Matthew Legg, Rev. 
John Oatman, Joshua 11. Lucas. Greenberry 
Mnllinix, Joseph Thornburg, Arthur Ma- 
homey, Jacob Butcher, Robert. Catterlin, 
James Trotter, Elisha King, Samuel !)„ 
Chipman, Arthur McGaughey, Reese Har- 
clesty, Colonel Matthew W. Bussey, Jesse 
Neese, Henry Canote, John Lynch, Thomas 
Jackson, Noble Meyers. John McNary, James 
Allen, Lewis Gibson, Solomon Tucker, Jesse 
Purcell, Daniel and Samuel Chadd, John 
Reck, Hiram Catterlin, Samuel Hunter, Ed- 
o-;u- Thomas, James Duffield, Mr. Devoor, the 
Wrights, Joseph Thomberry, John and Ben- 
jamin Cunningham, and their father. During 
the years 1824 and 1825 George Secrest, 
Henry Secrest, Clark Burlingame (a Revolu- 
tionary soldier), and his sons Abel and Spen- 
cer Burlingame, General John Standeford, 
James Moore, James Day, Dr. Enos Lowe, 
John Gregory, Joseph F. Farley, George V. 
Waterman, Thomas Johnson, John Lockhart 
and William Peck became citizens of the 
township. The next two years brought Isaac 
Ash, John S. Jennings, Ephraim Blain, Dr. 
A. C. Stevenson, Dr. L. M. Knight, Colonel 
John R. Mahan, Isaac Malian, Lawson Sey- 
j bold, John Hammond, John Oowgill, Peter 
I Rowlett, William Holland, Philip Carpenter, 
| Elisha Knight, John Knight and Wesley 
! Knight, and perhaps many others whose 
| names are lost among the increasing multi- 
I tude who were rapidly filling the country. 

The history of Greencastle Township is so 
i intimately involved with that of the county 



and of the city of Green castle, that but little 
remains to be told. The first births and 
deaths, the first physicians and ministers, 
the first business enterprises and the organ- 
ization of the religions denominations, the 
building of the first mills and factories have 
all been mentioned elsewhere. 

The first tannery was kept by Walter and 
Ilosea "Wright, who were followed by the 
Gillespies. Milton F. Barlow was the first 
hatter. Arthur Mahorney was the first 
justice of the peace. Other early justices 
were Isaac Mahau, David Dudley. Reese 
Ilardesty, John Cowgill, James M. Grooms, 
Samuel Taylor, Joseph F. Farley, John J. 
Taylor and Wesley White. The first consta- 
ble was Joseph Lynch, who held the office 
for many years. Even some of the younger 
portion of the community can remember when 
he still discharged the duties of that office 
with promptness and energy though bearing 
the weight of many years, 

There are several gravel-roads through the 
township connecting Greencastle with differ- 
ent portions of the country, and affording the 
farmers easy access to market, and along these 
at various points are to be seen many splendid 
farm residences displaying taste and liberality 
on the part of their owners. 

The farmers of the township arc largely 
engaged in raising live-stock, and in their 
fields and stalls are to be found some of the 
finest in the State. 

The village called Greencastle Junction is 
at the crossing of the Terre Haute tfc Indi- 
anapolis Railroad and the Louisville, New 
Albany £ Chicago road, and is located on 
section 29, Greencastle Township, two miies 
southwest of the court-house. It was laid 
out in 1864, by William Stegg, and surveyed 
by William H. Shields. The population 
numbers about 250. Asa shipping point its 
advantages are of a superior character. It is 

' directly connected with the larger cities of 
the country, north, south, east and west. 
I The citizens support a good graded school. 
I The postoffice is called Limedale. 

In the year 1856 a lime and stone quarry 
j was opened at the Junction by llellens, 
j Butcher & Stegg, and carried on extensive- 
! ly, shipping stone and lime to the value of 
| £20,000 per annum. The Yandalia Railroad 
! Company has, also, a quarry at this point, 
i from which the annual shipment of stone 
reaches the value of $50,000. 

Jackson Township is formed of the full 

j Congressional township 16 north, range 3 
west, embracing the northeast comer of Put- 

; nam County, and is bounded on the north by 
Montgomery County, on the east by tlen- 

; drieks County, ou the south by Floyd Town- 
ship, on the west by Franklin Township. It 
is divided diagonally from northeast to south- 
west, by the Walnut Fork of Eel River, 
familiarly known as •' Walnut. '' The' other 
principal streams vt' the township are Lick 
Creek in the north, Rock Brunch in the 
east and Clear ('reek in the southeast. There 
are many other small streams, but not of 
sufficient importance to deserve special notice. 
The land near the streams is either hilly or 
gently undulating, originally covered with a 
heavy growth of timber, among which the 
sugar-maple and poplar predominate; though 
interspersed with white oak. ehincapin oak, 
black walnut and sycamore, immediately 
along the streams, as well as some hack berry 
and honey locust. 

The soil on the undulating lands, near the 
streams, is a rich, clay loam: but back from 
the streams it is wet and cold, interspersed 
with more elevated portions. It is in this 
township that the swamp land* ot Boone 
extend into Putnam County. The soil is 


very productive. The black lands, especially, 
when properly drained, produce large crops 
of corn and other cereals. 

William Welch and John Smith built their 
cabins on section 34, about the year 1825 or 
1826, being the first settlers of the township, 
George Sutherlin contests with these two the 
honor of making the earliest permanent 
settlement in the township. In the year 
1827 Othniel Talbott, from Shelby County, 
Kentucky, settled in Jackson, where he found 
a Mr. Crabtree and Mr. Brown. Garrison 
Thompson and John Johnson, father of J. B. 
Johnson, of Greencastle, also came in 1827. 
In 1828 came James Chitwood, Levi Woods, 
Martin Ely the and Henry Harmon; and 
about one year later James Proctor settled in 
the township. Within the next two years 
there was a large increase of population. 
Among those who came at that time may be 
mentioned John Keith. John Boyd, Wilson 
Warford, William Eirod, William Hillis, 
Edward and Isom Silvey, John Blake, James 
Goslin, James Duncan, John Leach, William 
Beecraft, Isom George, James Moreland, the 
McClouds, the Pinkertons, the Rileys and 
the Barneses. This period, also, embraces 
the arrival of three more of the Talbott pio- 
neers, Captain John S. Talbott, Lorenzo 
Talbott, Aquila Talbott. In 1831 and 1832 
there was a large immigration, embracing 
Richard Biddle, Rev. John Case, George 
Keith, James Dale, S. Shackleford, George 
and Harvey Jeffries, Jacob Crosby, John and 
William Miller, and perhaps others equally 
worthy, who, with equal heroism, struggled 
with the hardships of pioneer life. 

David Johnson, son of John Johnson, born 
on section 34, March 8, 1828, was the first 
white child born in the township. The first 
who died was the daughter of Wilson War- 
ford. She was buried east of New Maysville, 
in a lot on section 26, which is yet used as a 

graveyard. The first marriage was that of 
Jesse Evans and Miss Bartima Welch. 

In the spring of 1831 the first school was 
taught by Mark Hardin, in a log building on 
section 26. 

John Crabtree was the first blacksmith. 
His shop was on the bank of Walnut Creek. 

John S. Talbott kept the first store. In 
1832 he commenced to sell goods in a log 
building on section 27. This building is 
still in use as a grocery store, in New Mays- 
ville; but is now weather-boarded, and, to all 
appearance, is a frame building. 

The first mill erected in the township was 
built by Mr. Joseph Hillis. The next mil! 
was erected by George Sutherlin, the next by 
Abraham Hillis. The first named and the 
last, were on Walnut; the second, on a small 
tributary. The last-named ground corn only, 
the other two ground wheat also. 

I). Barnes and Othniel Talbott were the 
first justices of the peace, followed by Thomas 
Watkins, John C. Goodwin, George Stringer, 
Wallace Perry, L, T. Herod, O. Owsley, 
James Moreland and Jesse Kendall. 

The first postmaster was John S. Talbott, 
the office having been established in his 
store in the year 1832. He was followed by 
William Long, John II. Roberts, William 
Epperson, R. C. Boyd and Jesse Kendall. 

Dr. William Long, who located in the 
township in the year 1834, was the first 

The Methodists held the first meetings in 
the township, at the house of John Johnson, 
under the ministry of Rev. William Smith. 
Shiloh Church, on the east bank of Walnut, 
erected by this denomination, about the year 
1834, was the first structure of the kind in 
the township. Rev. Thomas J. Brown dedi- 
cated the building and preached the first 
sermon within those venerated walls. Loren- 
zo Dow, E. Wood, L. Smith, Joseph White 


and Eli Farmer were the pioneer Methodist 
preachers of Jackson Township. 

The Regular Baptists organized a congre- 
gation here about'1832. John Case, "William 
Hogan and Carter Hunter were among their 
first preachers. The second house of worship 
in the township was built at New Maysville 
by this denomination, soon after the town was 
laid out. 

The organization of the Missionary Baptists 
in the township dates from 184-1. Elders 
Palmer, Davis; Kirkendall and Rhinerson \ 
were among 'the first pastors of this corigre- j 

The Christian church was organized in 
1831), by Nathan Waters and Gilbert Harney, j 
In 1840 they erected a church at New Mays- 
ville, which was occupied until 1856, when 
they built another house in the same village. I 
The early preachers of this denomination 
were Elders Thomas Lockhart, Oliver P. i 
Badger, Wilson Barnes, Coombs, Blanken- 
ship and O'Kane. 

There are two villages within the bounds j 
of Jackson Township. New Maysville is i 
located on sections 27 and 34. It was laid 
out in 1832, by Richard Biddle, on land 
owned by John Johnson, William Welch and I 
Aquila Talbott. The present population ; 
numbers about 125. The place was named 
by Richard Biddle, after Maysville, Mason j 
County, Kentucky. 

Fort Bed is located on sections 1 and j 
12, and was laid out by William DeMoss 
in 1876. It received its nanie from a red 
school-house located at that point. William | 
DeMoss was the first postmaster. He was 
succeeded by B. F. Wilson. 

There are in Jackson Township ten schools, I 
including the New Maysville school, which I 
is controlled by a school board of three trus- j 
tees. The length of the present term of 
school is one hundred and twenty days. The I 

average price paid for teaching is 81.65 per 
day, there being no difference in the price 
paid male and female teachers. The school- 
buildings, though of rather old structure, are 
good, and well supplied with apparatus. The 
percent, of enrollment based on enumeration, 
is 81. The general average per term is 69 
per cent, of the enumeration. Both teachers 
and patrons take a lively interest in whatever 
tends to the advancement of the schools. The 
township library, though old, is good and 
well patronized. 

In regard to its moral status, Jackson 
stands as high, perhaps, as any other town- 
ship in the county, never having had a 
representative in the penitentiary, or even in 
the county jail. The township has never 
contained a saloon. Three of the leading 
religious denominations have a fair represen- 
tation in the township. The Odd Fellows 
and the Good Templars have each an organ- 
ization in New Maysville. In politics, the 
township is overwhelmingly Democratic; 
especially is this true of the north and 'north- 
west side of Walnut; on the southeast side of 
the creek the parties are more equally 


Jefferson Township consists of the first 
thirty sections of township 13, range 3, and 
is bounded on the north by Marion, on the 
east by Mill Creek, on the south by Clover- 
dale, and on the west by Warren Township 
It is drained by Mill Creek, and was origin- 
ally timbered, as the neighboring townships. 
The soil is a rich loam, suitable for the pro- 
duction of grass and grain. At one time it 
formed a part of what was called Deer Creek 
Township, which included Jefferson, Warren 
and Cloverdale. In the year 1846 Warren 
and Jefferson gave off enough to make 


Cloverdale Township, leaving Jefferson with 
its present area. 

The first settlers, called squatters, consisted 
of four families— three named Uiggins, and 
one named Kirk — who made temporary set- 
tlements on section 16, in the year 1819. 
John 0. Sherrill made his entry of land in 
the autumn of 1822. Jacob Clark, George 
Ilendrick, William Albin, George Hurst, 
David Hurst, John Gillman, Absalom Hurst, 
Abraham Hurst and a Mr. Langwell,all came 
in that year or the early part of the next. 

After this, settlements were made so 
rapidly that it is almost impossible to note 
them as they occurred. From 1822 to 1833 
the larger portion of the land was taken up 
by entry, and but few pieces remained un- 
entered after the year 1836. 

Mrs, J. M. Buntin came to the township 
at the age of three years, with her father, 
William Albin, in 1822, and has resided con- 
tinuously on the old homestead for a period 
of fifty-six years. 

The first marriage was that of William 
Aldrich and Betsey Iliggins in the year 1823. 
The next was that of Henry Nosier and 
Mary Hurst, which was solemnized by David 
Scott, Esq., in 1821. 

The family record of John C. Sherrill 
shows that his daughter Caroline was born 
on February 27, 1823, and she was probably 
the first child born in the township. She 
became the wife of Elijah McCarty, but is 
now deceased. Probably the next was An- 
drew McMains — named after his father — 
born June 10, 1824. 

The first mill in the township was built 
by John Hadden in 1826; the next in 1829, 
by John Allee. These were both horse-mills. 
The first water-mill was built on Higgins' 
Creek in 1834 by John Smith, These mills 
afforded all the facilities then required for 
the production of meal and flour. 

The first justice of the peace was David 
Scott, Esq., who continued in office for a 
period of more than twenty years. 

It appears from the church records that 
the Regular Baptists organized Mill Creek 
Church at the house of Rev. Absalom Hurst, 
in 1828, and in 1830 built a log meeting- 
house near the site of their present one. 
They have maintained their organization ever 
since, and have twice rebuilt. 

The date of organization of the Methodist 
church cannot be given. In 1838 they built 
a hewed-log church, called Jones' Meeting- 
house. The congregation went down in 
1856, after which the house was used as a 

The Missionary Baptists organized jSTew 
Providence Church at the house of John C. 
Sherrill in 1839, and built a log house of 
worship in the succeeding year. They have 
since rebuilt, and now have a commodious, 
handsome house. There are at the present 
time in the township five houses of public 
worship. Rev. Absalom Hurst was the first 
resident minister in the township, and was 
considered the founder of Mill Creek Church. 

The schools of the township were organ- 
ized in 1834, The books containing the 
records, kept by John Allee, treasurer of the 
township trustees, show that he received 
from the school fund commissioner of the 
county, the following amounts : In the 
year 1834, $116.3% 1835. $191.93f ; 1836, 
$131.06 J; 1837, 8152; total for four years, 

The school section was sold in the year 
1830, to Colonel John Allee, John C. Sherrill, 
William Conley and Isaac Alspaugh, for 

The village of Mount Meridian was laid 
out by William Heavin and Bryce W. Miller, 
in the year 1833. It was at first called Car- 
thage, but in order that the town and the 


postoffice might have the same name, it was 
given that which it now hears. 


Madison Township is formed of the Con- 
gressional township 14, range 5, and, lies im- 
mediately west of Greeneastle. It is bounded 
on the north by Clinton, on the south by 
Washington Township and on the west by 
Parke County. It is drained by Little Wal- 
nut, along which the township is considera- 
bly broken. The timber and the soil of this 
township are similar to those of the adjoining 

The exact, date at which the pioneers of 
this township came cannot now be given. 
Tiie first piece of land entered in the town- 
ship was by Richard Moore, December 13, 
1820; the next by Arthur McGanghey, March 
3, 1821; the third was by Benjamin Bel], 
April 2, 1821, and, in order of time, Isaac 
Wolvertbn, April 12,1821; Isaac Matkins, 
December 20. 182L Among those who 
made entries here in 1822 may be named 
Frederick Leath.erman, 'Samuel Wright, [saiah 
Wright, Benjamin Wright, Jesse Wright, 
John Dougherty, Jesse Oatman, Jacob Curtis 
and Henry Williams. Fn 1 823 Joseph Thorn- 
burg, Abraham Wool ley and George Hansel 
entered land in this township. Other early 
settlers of the township were Peter Stoner, 
Levi Mann, John Anderson, Andrew Frank, 
Amos Wright, William Torr, John McPhee- 
ters and his lather, James Swinford, John 
Swinford. Jesse Lathram. William P. King, 
Mr. Albaugh and Rowley. Some of these 
may have settled earlier than those whose 
entries are given above. 

The following named are among the oldest 
settlers now living; John Leatherman, Jesse : 
McPheeters, Joseph Wells, who served on 
the first grand jury in the county, James 

Torr, Sr., Joseph Grnbbs and Joseph Bur- 

The first death in Madison Township was 
that of George W. Matkins, son of Isaac and 
Sophia Matkins, and the first birth was that 
of John Thomas Matkins, son of the same 

The first school was taught by Peter Garr 
about half a mile north of where Jesse Mc- 
! Pheeters now lives. 

The first mill in the township was built by 
! Benjamin Bell on the Walnut Fork of Eel 
j River. It was sold in a few years to James 
\ Townsend, who laid out Putnamville. 

The Predestinarian Baptists organized the 
: first church in Madison Township about the 
; year 1832. About a year afterward this con- 
| gregation built a log house in which they 
! worshipped for near a score of years, and 
I then built a second log house, which they 
j occupied until 1S73, when they replaced it 
1 with a substantial frame building. Amon°" 
the early ministers of this church were Ben- 
j jamin Parks. Aaron Harlan, James Edwards, 
I Reuben Siavens, Abraham Leatherman and 
John Leatherman. 

About the year 1834 a Methodist Episcopal 
church was organized at the house of Isaac 
Matkins. This church was organized by 
Rev. William < '. Smith, and the first quar- 
terly meeting was held at the house of Isaac. 
Matkins. by Rev. Aaron Wood, still actively 
engaged in the ministry. The congregation 
continued to hold services regularly there for 
two or three years, when they built a log 
house, which they occupied until about the 
year 1858, and then built a good frame 
church to- take its place. Among the other 
early ministers of this church were Revs. De 
Motte, lieck, Tanzy, Preston, Wright and 

The Christian church was organized about 
the year 1S40 by Elder Levi Wright, who 



had been preaching for the congregation for 
several years before this time and continued 
to do so for a number of years afterward. 
They erected a log bouse in 1844, which they 
occupied until 1867. They then built a frame 
house on the hill west of Ezekiel Wright's, j 
.Noah Buchanan, John Harris, Nathan Wright, j 
Lorenzo Dow, Oleghorn and Ezekiel Wright j 
were the early ministers of this church. 


Marion Township lies immediately south j 
of Floyd, and is the full Congressional town- j 
ship 14 north, range 3 west. It is bounded, j 
on the north by Floyd Township,, on the east j 
by Hendricks County and Mill Creek Town- j 
ship, on the south by Jefferson Township, j 
and on the west by Grgencastle Township, j 
Its surface is gently roiling; the soil good, j 
and finely adapted .to cultivation. The sup- j 
ply of timber is abundant, consisting of pop- j 
lar, walnut white, red and burr oak, hard j 
maple, beech, ash, and many inferior kinds, i 
such as elm, gum and sycamore, with a j 
plentiful supply of hickory on the more level 
portions. This township is drained by Deer | 
Creek, that stream having its source in the j 
northeast comer, and traversing the entire j 
extent of the township to the southwest cor- J 
ner, where it takes its leave on section 31. 

The first settler in Marion Township was 
Reuben Ragan, who first came to the county 
in the year 1818, and prospected the country 
comprising Putnam and surrounding counties 
during that, and the following year. He then 
returned to the State of Kentucky, whence 
he again came to Putnam in the spring of 
1820, staying two years in Green castle Town- 
ship, west of the city. He entered land in 
the extreme north of Marion Township in 
1822, and became a permanent resident there 
in October of the same year, continuing to 

make that his home until the date of bis 
death, August 19, 1869. 

In October of the year 1824, Mr. Ragan 
built a hewed-log house, which, having been 
weather-boarded and plastered, now forms 
the front portion of the family residence, and 
is the oldest building in Putnam County, 
having been in use as a dwelling for more 
than fifty-four years. Like all of the builder's 
works it is well done, and it still stands firm, 
with the probability of withstanding the 
shocks of time for years to come. Mr. Ragan 
was a noted horticulturist, and possessed a 
fine talent ibr his occupation. He sowed 
seeds for an orchard on the farm of Mr. 
Thomas, west of Grecneastle, in the spring 
of 1820, which were, doubtless, the first 
seeds of the kind to fake root in the soil 
of Putnam County. A few years later he 
planted the first orchard in Marion Town- 
ship, lie is still remembered by his neigh- 
bors as a man of vigorous intellect, pure 
mind, and scrupulously honest and upright 
in all his dealings. 

From the time of Mr. Ragan's settlement 
in the township to 1824, he was joined by 
Judge Smith, Henry Wood, Mr. Davis, John 
Smith, Silas Hopkins and Samuel Hazelett. 
In the years 1825 and 1820 came William 
Bell, John Denny, William and James Smith, 
Bryce Miller, Isaac and George Legg. Jere- 
miah Nichols, Charles and Carter Hunter, 
Israel Moss, -John Gregory, James and 
William Denny, Mr. Acres, Enoch Stone, 
William Nicholson and Thomas Jackson. 
Within the next two years the population 
was increased by the arrival of David Wise, 
Henry Hunter, Bailey O'Neal, Daniel Chadd, 
John Benefiel, John and James A gee, Daniel 
Brewer, Charles Knetzer, Jacob Shaptaugh, 
Eli Fry, Henry Keller, Peter Lunsford, 
Daniel Bridgwater. The newcomers for the 
years 1829 and 1830 were Alexander Gor- 



ham, Ambrose Day, Thomas Jackson, Sr., 
William Frazier, John Runyau, Isaac Hope, 
Joseph Ellis, Anselin Mason, Henry Shields, 
Samuel Reeves. There probably were others 
equally worthy of mention. Some of these 
here named entered land, and, perhaps, lived 
near Greencastle before settling in what now 
comprises Marion Township. Nearly all 
have left here large families, who inherit the 
blessings of their labors. 

The first house erected in the township was 
that built by Reuben Ragan in 1822. Amer- 
ica Hazelett, daughter of Samuel llazelett, 
was probably the tirst white child burn in the 
township. Her birth occurred about 1824. The 
marriage of John Smith, son of John Smith. and 
Miss Willie Smith, daughter of Judge Smith, 
was the first that occurred in the township. 
The first grist-mill in the township was that 
built on Deer Creek by Samuel llazelett as 
early as 1820. It stood on section 17. It 
was in 1834 that Alien Burk put up his 
horse-mill. James Agee. who. in 1828, had 
a shop on section 20, was the first black- 
smith. Shortly after Agee came Isaac Hope, 
who erected a shop near the old family resi- 
dence on section 12. The first store was kept 
by Ahijah .Robinson at Nicholsonville about 
1845. The first postofiice was also kept by 
Mr. Robinson at the same place. It was 
afterward removed to Fillmore; but, for sev- 
eral years thereafter, retained its original 
name of Nicholsonville. William C. IJop- 
wood was the first resident physician, lie 
located in Fillmore in 1S53. John Denny 
was the first justice of the peace. He was 
followed by his brother James Denny, who 
held the office for fourteen consecutive years. 

The Regular Baptist church was the first 
organized in the township. This was done 
November 25, 1826, at the house ot' William 
Denney, by Carter and Charles Hunter and 
wives, Thomas Broadstreet, Enoch Stone and 

I wife, William Nicholson and wife, and Isaac 
I Monnett. They finally built a house of wor- 
S ship on the farm of Carter Hunter; but at 
\ present they have no church building in the 
; township. The Missionary Baptists were 
j organized about 1841. Elders Jones and 
j Arnold were among their first preachers. 
; They have a good frame church., called Bethel, 
! two and a half miles southeast of Fillmore. 
: The first meetings of the Christian church 
; were held at the houses of Charles Knetzer 
j and Ambrose Day. This was before the or- 
I ganization of the church, which took place 
I about 1839, and a building, known as Old 

Union, was erected on the farm of Ambrose 
| Day. John M. Harris was their first preach - 
j er, followed by James M. Matthews, Gilbert 
i Harney, Nathan Waters, <). P. Badger, Chat- 
; terton, James and Perry Blankinship, Cooms, 
| as well as many others. They have a church 
I in Fiiimore, which was erected soon after 
! the town was laid out. The Methodists or- 
I ganized a church at what was called "Denny's 
; School-house," at' a wry early day. John 

Denny was an active, zealous member of this 

congregation, and it became quite a flourish- 
es o i 

ino church. In 1838 meetings were held at 
the houses of Matthew Brann and others. 
Rev. Owen Owen. Davis, Hancock. Forbes, 
President Simpson and Prof. Cyrus Nutt 
were the first preachers of this organization. 
I The first Methodist church was built on sec- 
tion 16 and called Mount Carmel. After the 
building of the new church in Fillmore, 
Mount Carmel was given or sold to the Reg- 
ular Baptists. Soon after the erection of 
Mount Carmel, another .Methodist church, 
named Liberty, was built on the farm of Ab- 
bott Robinson, on section 11. This building 
remained until the congregation erected an 
elegant frame building, in 1ST1, on a lot 
given for that purpose by Morris Oliver. 
Fillmore, the only village in the township, 


is on the Torre Haute & Indianapolis Rail- , bounded on the nortli by Hendricks County, 
road, six miles northeast of Greencastle. It on the east by Hendricks and Morgan, and 
was laid out in 1852, by Benjamin Nichol- on the south by Morgan. It is drained by 
sou, James Sill and Leonard C. Catterlin, on j Mill Creek, which forms the eastern and 
land then owned by them, but formerly form- southern boundaries. There are a few small 
ing a part of Richard Sinclair's farm. tributaries, hut none of any size, which enter 

The first store in the town was kept by | that stream within the limits of Putnam 
Hardin A: Brown in 1852, followed by Ben- County. This township was annexed to 
jam hi Nicholson, Hardin Wilcox and Moses Putnam County by order of the Hoard of 
T. Bridges, general dealers; and William T. County Commissioners at the September 
Smith, who kept a grocery and provision term, 1860, confirmed by act of the Legisla- 
store. Mr. Bridges did wry much toward tu re, approved March 11, 1861. 
building lip the town, having erected a hotel, | The first settler in this township was 
and in many other ways added to its prosperity, j Thomas Broadstreet, Si-., who was burn in 

The present population numbers about 180. j Virginia in the year 1813. In the year 

Bryce \V. Miller taught the first school in 1826. at the age of thirteen, he came West 
the township, at his own cabin. He after- with his father, who settled within one mile 
ward taught at the neighbors' houses — a | of the west edge of the township. Although 
favorite place being at John Smith's, in what but a boy at that time, he was acquainted 
was called a three-faced camp, open in front with nearly all the early settlers of the town- 
and built np with iogs on the other three j ship. The first log cabin in Mill Creek 
sides. This stood on section 10. The next | Township was built in the year 1820, on the 
was a three-months' school, taught by Alfred west bank of the stream from which the 
Burton, in a log cabin on section 29, that j township takes its name, one and a halt* miles 
some one had built for a dwelling and then south of Stilesville, by Jacob Holmes. This 
deserted. This school was broken up by a j house was afterward sold to James Sallust. 
man named Nat Hammond, who, becoming , The next was built on what is known as the 
dissatisfied with the school, went one night | Clark farm, by Thomas Skelton. William 
and pried down the chimney. The first ' Parker entered [and and built a house close 
school-building was erected on the farm oi by, u\u\ then cameElisha ilurst and Norman 
John Denny, on section 28, about the year j Nunn. They were all early settlers, and 
1828. and was known as ".Denny's School- I owned land adjoining the Clark farm on the 
house." John Evans taught, the first school west. William Ileavin came here in the 
in this house, lie was followed by Lawson year 1827, and at first built a log cabin, but 
D. Sims and Thomas C. Duckworth, who within a few years erected a good hewed-log 
taught the first " six-months school " in the house. At a very early day, Mr. Heavin 
township. The township is now well sup- built a water-mill of the kind known to old 
plied with good schools, and education is the settlers as a hominy-pestle; and he also 
order of the day. j planted the first orchard in the township. 

The first death which occurred in the town- 
: ship was that of Mrs. Barbara Heavin, wife 

Mill ('reek Tow nship lies east of Marion, of "William Ileavin, who died in the year 
Jefferson and Cloverdale townships, and is I 1830, and was interred near the family 




dwelling. After eight years more of toil in 
this new country, her husband followed her 
in death, and was laid beside the remains of 
his companion. 

In the year 1828, the one following that 
which marked the arrival of Mr. Ileavin, 
Daniel McAninch settled in Mill Creek 

James Sallust, father of John and William 
Sallust of this township and of J. R. Sallust 
of Oregon, came from Virginia to Mill Creek 
in the year 1829, and lived in his traveling- 
tent until he built a cabin in which to live. 
It is remarked of Mr. Sallust that he was a 
man of great industry, and he put under 
cultivation a large pavt of the farm on which 
his son John Sallust is now living. Mr. 
Sallust made the tirst kiln of brick in the 
township. His inolder and burner was a 
man named Daniel Elliott. Mr. Sallust lived 
to the year 1851. Mr. Mellaffie, from 
Knox County, Pennsylvania, lather of M. F. 
Mellaffie, bought land in the north part of 
the township in the year 1831, to which he 
removed in the fall of the next year. He 
built the first water-power grist-mill in the 
township, in the years 1835-'36. Samuel 
Beadie, Pleasant Allee and William Allee all 
came to the township in the year 1837. 

The iirst child born in the township was 
Nancy E. Holmes, daughter of Jacob Holmes, 
who built the first house in the township. 
Her birth occurred May 7, 1830. This child 
died at the age of four years. The first 
marriage was that of Eli Lee and Polly 
Ileavin, daughter of William and Barbara 
Ileavin, in the year 1832. Mr. Lee built 
the first horse-mill, which was one widely 
known and extensively patronized for many 
years. The first school-house in this town- ! 
ship was built on the farm of a Mr. Bricks. ! 
The puncheons for the floor and seats of this 
house were hewed by Pleasant Allee. 

The , Methodist church was' organized in 
the township in the year 1829, at the house 
of Mr. Bricks, mentioned above. Services 
were afterward held at the school-house until 
the erection of Mount Pisgah Church, onthe 
land of Norman Nunn, in the year 1844 or 
1845. Mr. Thomas Broadstreet was one of 
the earliest if not the first minister in the 

Thomas Elliott improved the place at the 
forks of the Greencastle and National roads, 
where he first built a log house, in which he 
kept tavern, as did also Mr. Keller, just 
across the line in Hendricks County. In the 
year 1837 Mr. Elliott built a brick house, 
and, in the following year, Mr. Keller built 
a two-story frame. These were rival houses, 
and attained to great notoriety. They were 
known as the "Indian Chief ".Tecumseh and 
kt Washington Hall." They were together 
called " the twin taverns." 

While the National Road was construct- 
ing, in the years 1833 and 1834, the General 
Government built two bridges over small 
creeks just west of the twin taverns, the 
stone abutments of which are good to this 
day. This is true also of other works of the 
same kind constructed on that road at the 
same date. 

This township was one of/ the first settled, 
and is one of the best in the county. It is 
Congressional township 15, range 4, and is 
bounded on the north by Franklin, on the 
east by Floyd, on the south by Greencastle, . 
and on the west by Clinton townships. The 
surface is mostly level in the north part, but 
more rolling in the south. The soil is a rich 
black loam, superimposed upon a yellow 
clay subsoil. Like the rest of the county, 
Monroe was originally covered with a splen- 
did growth of valuable timber, most of which 



has been cut and sold. The streams of the 
township consist of a few branches of Big 
and Little Walnnt, the latter just cutting the 
southeast corner on section 38. ' The town- 
ship is well improved. It has two gravel 
roads, one running north from Greeueastle, 
the other west from Bainbridge. Along 
these roads lies some of the finest country in 
Putnam Count)'; and the farms are well 
improved, presenting the evidence of care 
and skill on the part of their owner*. 

The first settlers were Jesse and Rollin 
James, Elias Gibson and John Powell, who 
built their cabins in 1821,m the- west part of 
the township, not far from where Brick 
Chapel now stands. In 1822 came Isaiah 
Vermillion, Thomas Head}-, Barnabas Frakes, 
George W. Hewlett and Philip Ford. Dur- 
ing the next two years Levi Stewart, .John, 
Abner and O. Goodwin and George Pearcy 
became citizens. Within the years 1825 
and 1820 they were joined by William Ran- 
dall, James W. Hillis, Joseph Logan, Mr. 
McCorkle, William II. Thornburg, Andy 
Sigler, Captain Tumbrick, Jonathan, Aaron 
and Henry Myers, Mr. Glover, John and 
George Jackson, Mr. Baileys, Thomas Benge, 
"William Moss, Reuben Slavens, Edward Par- 
ish, Andrew Byerly, Joseph Heath, Philip 
Slater, Hudson and Eli Brackney, Robert N. 
Allen, Thomas Starks, Mr. Busey, John 
Allen, Mr. Penny, Abraham Leatherinan and 
Luke Gardner. The years 1827 and 1828 
mark the arrival of Robert C. Brown, Addi- 
son and Josiah Lane, Samuel Job, Elswick 
Risk, George Gibson, John F rakes, J. and P. 
Clement and W. Hansel. There was a 
large increase of population in the following 
two years, among whom were James Mont- 
gomery, Daniel Chadd, James Fisk, Phelan 
and Corbin Priest, dames O'Hair, John 
Brown, Henry Foster, Alexander Tolin, 
PeterGraves, John Gilkey, Hiram B. Slavens, 

Alexander Farrow, Thomas Tinsley, William 
Garrett, Sharp Spencer, Mrs. Brother* and 
her : son Robert lb-others ami Mr. Dale. 
Among those who came soon afterward may 
be named the Darnal'ls, 'the Starrs, the 
Thorntons and the Fyffes. 

The marriage of George Jackson and 
Susannah Tomlinson was the first in the town- 
ship. The first blacksmith was John Jack- 
son, who built a shop on section 32. Thomas 
Heady Was the first justice of the peace. 
Then came Reuben Slavens and Alexander 
Tolin as his successors in office. The first 
who died in the township was a man named 
Lane. He was buried on the farm of George 
W. Hewlett. The Brick Chapel graveyard 
is one of the oldest in the township, and has 
a beautiful 'location. The first school was 
taught by George Pearcy on section 1, north 
of Bainbridge. About the year 1826 Addi- 
son 'Lane taught a school near the site of 
Brick Chapel, which was the first in that 
neighborhood. He was followed by Joseph 
Farley, Hiram B. Slavens and John Slavens. 
The Christians held the first meetings in the 
township at the house of George W. Hewlett 
in 18^3. Gilbert llaniey preached and con- 
ducted the services. This house was used as 
a place of worship for several years by differ- 
ent denominations. Rev. Benjamin Jones, a 
Methodist minister, held services also at the 
house of Mr. Hewlett, shortly after the Chris- 
tian meetings at the same place, and here 
the Methodist church was organized by 
Daniel Anderson and Benjamin C. Stevenson. 
This must have taken place in the conference 
year 1820-'27, as Anderson and Stevenson 
were then pastors of the Eel River Circuit. 
Meetings were also held in a log school- 
house that stood where Brick Chapel now 
stands. The first church-building was erected 
by the Methodists on the present site of the 
Montgomery Chapel. It was a small brick 


building, afterward replaced by the present j 
commodious edifice. 

Bainbridge is a flourishing village on parts j 
of sections 1, 2, 11 and 12, and is a station j 
on the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago 
Railroad. Its history will be given in a j 
subsequent division of this department of I 
the volume. 



This township was originally a part of j 
Clinton, but in 1828 Clinton was divided, j 
and Russell was formed as it now stands. It 
occupies the northwest corner of the county, | 
and is bounded on the north by Montgomery 
County, on the east by Franklin Township, 
on the south by Clinton Township, on the j 
west by Parke County. This township is 1 
composed of the Congressional township 16, | 
range 5. The streams that drain Russell are 
Raccoon Creek and Ramp Creek, with their ; 
several tributaries, all taking a southwest- 
ward course. The timber is of an excellent 
quality, and of a variety similar to that of 
the neighboring townships. The soil is ex- 
cellent, especially in the northern and 
northwestern portions, the country around 
Russellvillc being charming in its natural 
character, and finely improved. The south- 
western portion is considerably broken, though 
the soil is good and there are many fine farms. 
The township, upon the whole, is considered 
one of the finest in the county. 

Russell Township was one of the first set- 
tled. David Swank, who came in 1820 and 
built his cabin on what is still known in the 
neighborhood as the "Swank farm," in the 
northeastern part of the township, was the 
first settler. In the same year came Allen 
Elliott, who settled on Big Raccoon, near the 
center of the township; Austin Puett, who 
settled near the site of Portland Mills, and 

Clark Butcher, who also settled on Big 

In 1821 came John Anderson, John West- 
fall, Christian Landis, Andrew Robertson, 
B. Rosencranze, William Sutherlin, John 
Gleason, Samuel Steele, Thomas Thompson, 
Jacob Beck and a brother, John Doherty and 
Andrew Boyd. John Fasher built his cabin 
on Ramp Creek this year, and removed his 
family thither in 1822. The year 1822 marks 
the arrival also of John Guilliams, Jacob 
Pickle and A. 13. Denton. From 1822 to 
1825 Mark Horaan, R. Y. Garrott, Thomas 
Page, I. Aldridge, Jacob Stid and Thomas 
Norman became residents of the township. 

Within the next five years the ancestors of 
the Wilsons, the Evanses, the Clodfelters, 
the McGaugheys, Spencers, Burketts, For- 
geys, Blakes and many others 'were added to 
the pioneer population. 

The first birth which occurred in the town- 
ship is a matter of dispute. The priority be- 
longs either to a child of Christian and 
Matilda Dearduff, or to Miss Guilliams, who 
was born about the year 1823. The first 
marriage was that of John Guilliams and 
Miss Lydia Fasher, which took place in. July, 
1822. They were married by the Rev. Mr. 
Qninlet. The manner in which this wedding 
was conducted serves to illustrate the charac- 
ter of the times and the simple habits of the 
pioneers*. Mr. Guilliams, who was busily 
engaged in plowing his corn, made arrange- 
ments with his intended wife that on the day 
of the marriage, when the preacher should 
arrive and she should be ready, she should 
inform him of the facts. In. due time the 
preacher came, and a child was dispatched to 
notify the groom that all things were ready. 
Hitching, his horse, in the. field, he repaired 
to the house, where the ceremony was . per- 
formed, when he returned to his labor as 
though nothing unusual had taken place. 



Daniel Anderson, who ministered unto tlie 
people of ,the township during the years 1821 | 
and 1825, Mas their first preacher. He was i 
followed by William II. Smith, Lorenzo Dow j 
and others of the noble band which they j 
represent. The iirst school-house .was built 
on the farm of John Foaher in 1823, in j 
which the first school was taught the same j 
year. The Iirst mill in the township was I 
built by Jacob Beck, and was long known as j 
"Beck's Mill." This was erected in 1820 j 
and 1821. The burr's of this mill were made j 
bv John Guy, from a bowlder which lay near j 
the mill site. The next was -Swank's Mill," j 
bnilt in 1823. James Secrest opened at 
Blakesburg the Iirst store from which .goods 
were sold in Russell Township. In 1823 
John Fasher established a tan-yard on Bam p 
Creek, which was the first- in this portion of 
the comity. ' (Jolonel James Blake erected a | 
» 'Sang factory " at the "same place, and 
operated it from 1820 to 1830. This factory 
gave employment to all who were not other- 
wise employed, in digging "'sang," which 
found a ready market. Jesse Blake, also, who 
is. still. living in the vicinity, had an interest 
in this factory. The iirst church was built 
at Russellville in 1880. When the town was 
laid out in 1828 arrangements were made 
for the erection of a church, which was com- 
pleted two years later. The first Fourth of 
July celebration/ was held on the' farm of 
John Dougherty, near Portland Mills, in 
1828, General George K. Steele acting as 
marshal of the day. Drs. James B. Clark, 
Copeland, Winslow, Rogers and John Slavens 
were the 1 first practicing physicians in this 

In the year 1828 the town of Russellville 
was laid out by Jacob Durham, who was the 
first merchant and carried on the first black- 
smith-sno'p. Dr. Striker was the first physi- 
cian who resided there. The educational and 

charitable interests are provided for by a 
graded school, and a very large, prosperous 
Masonic lodge. The Methodist church was 
the first organized in Russellville. It now 
has aboil t' 300 members, and a remarkably 
large and ' Well-conducted Sabbath-sehool. 
The population is about 175. 

Warren Township, comprising the first 
thirty 1 . sections of 'the Congressional' township 
13, range 1, lies immediately south of Green- 
castle Township, and is bounded on the east 
by Jefferson, on tlie south by Clover'dale, and 
on the west by Washington.' The surface of 
the "township is undulating, and in parts 
quite broken. The soil is a clay loam, with 

excellent ' bottom lauds . along Det 

Creek. The township was once heavily tim- 
bered with oak, poplar, hard maple and beech, 
with some groves of walnut and hickory, and 
a' .plentiful .suppty of sycamore along the 
streams, it is drained by Deer Creek, 
together with its tributaries, which traverses 
the township from northeast to southwest. 
Along this stream there are numerous never- 
faiiing limestone springs. 

The early settlers of the township, who are 
deceased, were James Townsend, William 
Hadden, Samuel Hawn, Benjamin Hawkins, 
George Pearcy, Thomas Brown, John Hen- 
derson, Peter' Waynick, Alexander 'Conley, 
Arthur Conley, Gilmore Conley. John Baird, 
John 'Arnold, John Akin, Judge Deweese, 
William AV.Walden, John Mercer, Jacob 
Peck, William Duckworth, David Clearwater, 
John May, Thomas McCarty, Joseph Denny, 
Thomas Hancock, Daniel Hepler, Dennis 
W T illiains, John Garren, John C. Sellers, 
Nathaniel Hawkins, John H. Hawkins, John 
S. Perry, John Swift, Archibald Cooper, 
Robert Woodall, John Woodall, Thomas 
Moore, Joel Shinn, James Martin, Lozier B. 


Gammon, David Skelton, Jeremiah Skelton, Thirty-five years ago Putnamville was '.me 

Uriah MeEy, Luke Davis. John Swarts, of the prettiest towns in this pari of the 

Samuel Martin, William Robinson, James country, but since that time it has been on 

"Robinson, Robert Robinson, William Vestal, the decline, and it now has but about 200 in- 

Samuel Steele, Edward Heath, and Elder habitants. 

Thomas Oatrnan, Christian minister. The Methodist Episcopal church of Put- 

Putnamville is the only postoftice town in namville was organized in 1 ^i'n at the house 

the township. Westland, which was laid out of John S. Perry, Rev. Thomas J. Brown 

soon after Putnamville, had one store for a officiating. Jolm M. Jenkins, John S. Perry, 

short time, bur now has no business house Luke Davis and wife, John Swarts and wife 

<>!' any kind. A few houses in close prox- were among the first members. Soon alter 

imity on either side of the National Road are the organization they erected a neat frame 

the only indications left to remind the building as a house of worship, which they 

passer-by of its former existence. continued to use until about the year LS60, 

Putnamville is situated on the National when they purchased the brick house built 

Road, and was laid out by J ames Townsend, in by the Presbyterians, in which they now 

1830, on land purchased from Edward Heath, worship. 

James Townsend also kept the first store in The Presbyterian church was organized 
Putnamville. lie was soon folio wed by a Mr. \ at this place November 7. 1*30, at the 
Me Kane. The first school was taught in the house of .Fames Townsend, by the Rev. Isaac 
town the same year in which it was founded Reed. The following named members con- 
by Mr. Wakefield. Archibald Cooper built stitated the first organization: John Robin- 
the first blacksmith-shop, and carried on the son, Samuel Moore, Mary Moore, Alexander 
business for several years. John Akin also Oonley, Jane Conley, James Townsend, Cath- 
kept a shop about the same time. Hugh erine Townsend, Sarah Shell, Martha Ash- 
Thompson carried on the first wagon-shop, ! baugh and Julia Ann Merrill, not one of 
and John Morgan put up the first carding whom remains among the living. James 
machine. The first grist-mill was erected on Townsend was the first ruling eider. The 
Deer Creek, one-half mile southeast of Put- i first inin inters were Rev. Jeremiah Hi!} 
namville, October 16, LS26, by Alexander (deceased), Rex. Samuel C. Lowery, Rev. 
Conley. Another was built on the same James II. Shields, Rev. William W. Woods. 
creek, one-half mile southwest of the town. About the year {-■■'{ they erected a neat 
in 1831, by Samuel Steele and Dr. D. W. and commodious brick church, which they 
Layman. : occupied until 1849, when the Old and the 

During the building of the National Road New School members separated, and the New 
the town improved rapidly and business was School bnilt a good frame church, which was 
quite brisk. In an early day Putnamville dedicated in February, LS50. A few years 
also rivaled Greencastle for the location of afterward the < >ld School sold the brick 
the county seat, and a little later made a church to the Methodists. Some of the mem- 
very creditable effort to secure the location hers joined the New School and some went 
of Asbury University at that place. To se- t > other churches. 

cure this end. her citizens agreed to edve the The Rev. Ransom Ilawley came to Put- 
university a donation of $25,000. ; namville in the year IS 11. and acted as 


pastor of the Presbyterian church till 1805, 
a period of twenty-four years. The length 
uf his pastorate is ample evidence of the ac- 
cepfableness of his ministry and the upright- 
ness of his life. 

The Bethel Methodist Episcopal church, 
two miles east of Putnamville, on the Na- 
tional Road, was organized about the year 

The Christian church was organized by 
Elder O. P. Badger in 1871. This congrega- 
tion has a good frame house, erected soon 
after their organization. 

Dr. D. W. Layman settled in Putnamville 
in 1831, being the first practitioner in the town 
or the township, and so successful lms been 
his practice that no oilier physician has ever 
remained in Putnamville for any great li 
of time. 




gton, the oldest of the townships, 
lies in the southwest corner of Putnam Coun- 
ty, and is composed of township 13 and the 
north half of township 12. range 5. It is 
bounded on the north by Madison Town 
ship, on the east by Warren and Cloverdale 
townships, on the south by ('lay and Owen 
counties, and on the west by Clay County. 
The surface of the country in this township 
is rough and broken. There is a great, deal 
of excellent bottom land along the streams, 
finely adapted to the cultivation of corn and 
other cereals. It was originally covered with 
the same character of timber as was found 
throughout the county, consisting principally 
of white oak. walnut, poplar, beech, hard 
maple, ash, hickory and sycamore. 

Among the early settlers now deceased 
were James A they, the first settler of the 
county, John Reel, John Horton, William 
Roberts, John M. Coleman, Thomas II. Clark, 
William K. Matkins, Dr. Lenox N. Knight, 

Abram Lewis, William Brown, George Mc- 
intosh, Randall Hutchinson, John M. Pur- 
cell, Samuel Boone, Moses Boone, William 
Seiner, Samuel Webster, Henry Walden, 
Adam Neff, Andy Reel, William Keel, Landon 
Davis, Thomas Frazier, Allen Jones, George 
Rightsell,WilliaraMcCulIough, Philip Shrake, 
Justice Goodrich, Warren Fellows, Reuben 
Wright, Luther Webster. James Barn ett, Silas 
Mullinix, Solomon Simpson, Thomas McCul- 
iough and Mr. Deweese. 

The riot house in the township, that of 
James Athey, erected in the winter of 1818- 
'19, stood very near the. site of Robert Huff- 
man's residence. The first mill in the town- 
ship Mas that of Luther Webster. It stood 
on Deer Creek, about one-fourth of a mile 
south -of Manhattan. Lloyd B, Harris kept 
the first hotel in the township, at Manhattan. 
Thomas II. Clark was the first postmaster. 
The first shoemaker was Thomas Lewis. The 
honor of carrying on the first blacksmith- 
shop belongs to John ITooton. Esquires 
Bu&ick and Athey were among the first jus- 
tices of the peace in the township. It is 
worthy of note that Thomas McCullongh 
was the tallest man that ever lived in the 
township. He was almost seven feet high, 
symmetrically proportioned, and of a great 
physical power. 

The first church organized in the township 
was the Predestinarian Baptist, commonly 
called "Hard-Shell Baptist," It was organ- 
ized at Manhattan, in the year 1828, by Rev. 
Isaac Denman, who continued to preach for 
the congregation for a period of two decades. 
A house of worship was built at an early day, 
which continued to be occupied by the 
original owners until theyearl802,whenitwas 
sold to the Missionary Baptists. They in turn 
sold it, in the year 1875, to the Methodists, 
who formed a congregation there- about that 
time. The Methodists erected a new house 



on the same lot, but the old one stood until 
pulled down in the summer of 1878. 

The Christian church was established in 
Manhattan, in the year 1838, by Elder John 
Harris, and it has ever since had a eonm-ega- 
tion at that place. 

Manhattan is the oldest village in the 
township, having been laid out in the year 
1829, on the National Road, by John M. 
Coleman and Thomas II. Clark. The first 
merchant there was Wilson Devore. Dr. 
Lenox X. Knight was the first practicing phy- 
sician. Mrs. Judge Clark taught the first 
school. The first justice of the peace at that 
place was Lloyd Harris. 

Pleasant Garden was laid out on sec- 
tion 21. in the year 1830, by John Matkins, 
as a rival of Manhattan. 

Keels ville was laid out by John Heel, on 
the Terre Haute & Indianapolis Railroad, in 
the year 1852. It is now quite a flourishing 

The following peculiar incidents are related 
by some of the old settlers as having attracted 
considerable comment: 

Old 'Squire Boone, brother to Daniel Boone, 
now living in the township, once lived in a 
house w^hich stood on the ground now occu- 
pied by that in which Simeon Stoner lives. 
On the 3d day of July, 1837, his house was 
struck by lightning, by which two of his 
children were killed. Three years later his 
wife presented him with twin boys, whom he 
named Tip and Tyler. Some time after that, 
in the same house, two of his daughters were 
married on the same day. 


i ■■'■ vS43K?"9> < I ^ J ^ 





>*Hu h -'*•'■<.',■». vJ^i 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^'^^^^^^ : ^g 


HE early settlers of 
Putnam County mostly 
came from older States, 
as Kentucky, Virginia, 
and North Carolina. 
where their prospects 
fur even a competency were 
very poor. They found those 
States good— to emigrate from. 
Their entire stuck of furniture, 
implements and family neces- 
sities were easily stored in one 
wagon, and sometimes a cart 
was their only vehicle. 


After arriving and selecting a suitable 
location, the next thing to do was to build a 
loo - cabin, a description of which may be in- 
teresting to many of our younger readers, as 
in some sections these old-time structures are 
no more to be seen. Trees of uniform size 
were chosen and cut into logs of the desired 
length, generally twelve to fifteen feet, and 
hauled to the spot selected for the future 
dwelling. On an appointed day the few 

neighbors who were available would assemble 
and have a " house-raising." Each end ol 
every log was saddled and notched so that 
they would lie as close down as possible; the 
next day the proprietor would proceed to 
" chink and daub " the cabin to keep out the 
rain, wind and cold. The house had to be 
re-daubed every tall, as the rains of the inter- 
vening time would wash out a great part oi 
the mortar. The usual height of the house was 
seven or eight feet. The gables were formed 
by shortening the logs gradually at each end 
of the building near the top. The roof was 
made by laying very straight small logs or 
stout poles, suitable distances apart, generally 
about two and a half feet from gable to gable, 
and on these poles were laid the •• clapboards " 
after the manner of shingling, showing about 
two and a half feet to the weather. These 
clapboards were fastened to their place by 
'•weight poles," corresponding in place with 
the joists just described, and these again were 
held in their place by '■ runs" or -'knees," 
which were chunks of wood about eighteen or 
twenty inches long fitted between them near 
the ends. Clapboards were made from the 



nicest oaks in the vicinity, by chopping or 
sawing tlteiu into four-foot blocks arid- riving 
these with a fro w, -which' was a simple blade 
fixed at right angles to its handle."' This was 
driven into the blocks ol wood by a mallet. 
As the frow was wrenched down through the 
wood, the latter was turned alternately over 
from side to side, one end being held by a 
forked piece of timber.* 

The chimney to the Western pioneer's 
cabin was made by leaving" in the original 
building n large open space in one wall, or 
by Cutting one after the structure was up, 
and by building on the outside from the 
ground up, 1 a stone column, or a column' bf 
sticks and mud, the sticks 'being' laid up 
cob-house fashion." The lire-place thus made 
"was often large enough to receive firewood 
six £d r eight feet long. Sometimes this wood, 
especially the "back-log;"' would be nearly' as 
large as a saw-log. The more rapidly' the 
pioneer could burn up the wood in his vicinity 
the sooner he had his little farm cleared and 
ready for cultivation. For a window, a piece 
about two feet long was cut out of one of the 
wall logs, and the' hole closed sometimes by 
glass, but generally with greased' paper. 
Even greased deer-hide was sometimes used. 
A doorway was cut through one of the walls 
if a saw was to be had; otherwise the door 
would be left by shortened logs in the orig- 
inal building. The door was made 1 by 
pinning clapboards to two or three wood 
bars, and was hung on wooden hinges. A 
wooden latch, with catch, then finished the 
door, and the latch was raised by any one on 
the outside by pulling a leather string. For 
security at night this latch-string was drawn 
in; but for friends and neighbors, and even 
strangers, the " latch-string was always hang- 
ing out " as a welcome. In the interior, over 
the fire-place, would be a shelf, called " the 
mantel," on which stood the candlestick or 

\ lamp, some cooking and table-ware, possibly 

I an old clock, and * other articles; in the fire- 
place would be thC'Crane, sometimes of iron, 
sometimes of wood: on it the pots were hung 
for cooking; over the door, in forked cleats, 
hung the ever trustful rifle and powder-horn; 
in one corner stood the larger bed' for the 
"old-folks," and under it the trundle-bed for 

i the children; in another stood the old-fash- 
ioned spinning wheel, with a smaller one by 
its side; in another the heavy table, the only 

j table, of course, there was in the house; in 
the remaining corner was a rude cupboard 
holding the table-ware, which consisted of a 

; few cups and saucers and blue-edged plates, 
•standing- singly pit-: their edges against the 
back, to make the display of table furniture 
more conspicuous, while around the room 
were scattered a few splint-bottomed or 
"Windsor chairs and two or three stools. 

These simple' cabins were inhabited by a 
kind and true-hearted people. They were 

j'st rangers to mock-modesty, and the traveler, 

j seeking lodgings for the night, or desirous of 

1 spending a few days in the community, if 
willing to accept the rude offering, was 

: always welcome, although how they Were dis- 
posed of at night the reader might not easily 
imatnne,; for. as described, a single room was 
made to answer for kitchen, dining-room, sit- 
ting-room, bed-room and parlor, and many 

I families consisted of six'or eight members. 


• The bed was very often ' made by fixing a 

post in the floor about six feet from one wall 

and four feet from -the adjoining wall, and 

i fastening a stick to this post about two feet 

'above the floor, on each of two sides, so that 

the other end of each of the two sticks could 

I be fastened in the opposite wall; clapboards 

j Were laid across these, and thus the bed was 

i made complete. Guests were given this bed, 


while the family disposed of themselves in 
another corner of the room, or in the " loft." 
When several guests were on hand at once, 
th j y were sometimes kept oyer night in the 
following manner: When bed-time came the 
men were requested to step out of doors 
while the women spread out a broad bed 
upon the middle floor, and put themselves to 
bed in the center; the signal was given and 
the men came in, and each, husband took 
his place in bed next his own wife, and the 
single men outside them again. They were 
generally so crowded that they had to lie 
" spoon " fashion, and when any one wished 
to turn over he would say " Spoon,'' and the 
whole company of sleepers would turn over 
at once. This was the only way they could 
all keep in bed. 

To witness the various processes of cook- 
ing in those days would alike surprise &,nd 
amuse those who have grown up since cook- 
ing stoves and ranges came into use. Kettles 
were hung over the large lire, suspended with 
pothooks, iron or wooden, on the crane, or 
on poles, one end of which would rest upon 
a chair. The long-handled frying-pan was 
used for cooking meat. It was either held 
over the blaze by hand or set down upon coals 
drawn out upon the hearth. This pan was 
also used for baking pancakes, also called 
"flap-jacks," " batter-cakes," etc. A better 
article for this, however, was the cast-iron 
spider or Dutch skillet. The best thing for 
baking bread in those days, and possibly even 
yet in these later days, was the flat-bottomed 
bake-kettle, of greater depth, with closely 
fitting cast-iron cover, and commonly known 
as the " Dutch oven," With coals over and 
under it, bread and biscuit would quickly 
and nicely bake. Turkey and spare-ribs were 
sometimes roasted before the. fire, suspended 

by a string, a dish being placed underneath 
to catch the drippings. 

Hominy and samp were very much used. 
The hominy, however, was generally hulled 
corn — boiled corn from which the hull, or 
bran, had been taken by hot ]je\ hence some- 
times called " lye hominy." True hominy 
and samp were made of pounded corn. A 
popular method of making this, as well as 
real meal for bread, was to cut out or burn 
a large hole in the top of a huge stump, in 
the shape of a mortar, and pounding the corn 
in this by. a maul or beetle suspended on the 
end of a swing pole, like a well-sweep. This 
and the well-sweep consisted of a pole twenty 
to thirty feet long fixed in an upright fork 
so that it could be worked " teeter " fashion. 
It was a rapid and simple way of drawing 
water. When the samp was sufficiently 
pounded it was taken out, the bran floated 
oif,and the delicious grain boiled like rice. 

The chief articles of diet in early days 
were corn bread, hominy, or samp, venison, 
pork, honey, beans, pumpkin (dried pumpkin 
for more than half the year), turkey, prairie 
chicken, squirrel and some other game, with 
a few additional vegetables a portion of the 
year. Wheat bread, tea, coffee and fruit were 
luxuries not to be indulged in except on 
special occasions, as when visitors were 

women's work. 

Besides cooking in the manner described, 
the women had many other arduous duties to 
perform, one of the chief of which was 
spinning. The " big wheel " was used for 
spinning yarn and the " little wheel " for 
spinning flax. These stringed instruments 
furnished the principal music of the family, 
and were operated by our mothers and grand- 
mothers with great skill, attained without 
pecuniary expense and with far less practice 
than is necessary for the girls of our period 



to acquire a skillful use of their costly and 
elegant instruments. But those wheels, in- 
dispensable a few years ago, are all now 
superseded by the mighty factories which 
overspread the country, furnishing cloth of 
all kinds at an expense ton times less than 
would be incurred now by the old system. 

The loom was not less necessary than the 
wheel, tliougli they were not needed in so 
great numbers. Not every house had a loom; 
one loom hud a capacity for the needs of sev- 
eral families. Settlers, having succeeded in 
spite of the wolves in raising sheep, com- 
menced the manufacture of woolen cloth; | purchased it from the merchants. The white 
wool was carded and made into rolls by hand blanket coat, known as the cajpot, was the 

ferent epochs. The Indians themselves are 
credited by Charlevoix with being " very la- 
borious " — raising poultry, spinning the wool 
of the buffalo, and manufacturing garments 
therefrom. These must have been, however, 
more than usually favorable representatives 
of their race. 

"The working and voyaging dress of the 
French masses,*' says Reynolds, •' was simple 
and primitive. The French were like the 
lilies of the valley [the Old Hanger was not 
always exact in his quotations] — they neither 
spun nor wove any of their clothing, but. 



ne rolls were spun on the " big 
e still occasionally find in the 

universal and eternal coat for the winter with 
the masses, A cape was made of it that 

houses vi old settlers a wheel of this kind,, could be raised oyer the head in cold weather 

sometimes need ("or spinning and twisting 
stocking yarn. They are turned with the 
hand, and with such velocity that it will run 
itself while the nimble worker, by her back- 
ward step, draws out and twists her thread 
nearly the whole' length of the cabin. A 
common article woven on the loom was lin- 
sey, or linsey-woolsey, the chain being linen 
and the filling woolen. This cloth was used. 

••In the house, and hi, good weather, it 
hung behind, a cape to the blanket coat. The 
reason that I know these coats so well is that 
I have worn many in my youth, and a- work- 
ing man never wore a better garment. 
Dressed deer-skins and blue cloth were worn 
commonly in the winter for pantaloons. 
Th,e blue handkerchief and the deer-skin 
moccasins covered the head and feet gener- 

for dresses for the women and girls. Nearly | ally of t'qe French Creoles. In 1800 scarcely 
all the cL>-:is worn by the men were also a man thought himself clothed unless he had 
home-mac. ; rarely was a farmer or his son j a belt tied round his blanket coat, and on one 
seen in a" coat made of any other. If, occa- i side was hung the dressed skin of a polecat 
sionally, a young man appeared in a suit of [ filled with tobacco, pipe, flint and steel. On 
"boiighten" clothes, he was suspected of j the other side was fastened, under the belt, 

having gotten it for a particular occasion, 
which occurs in the life of nearly every young 


The dress, habits, etc., of a people throw 

the butcher knife. A Creole in this dress 
felt like Tarn O'Shanter filled with usque- 
baugh; he could face the devil. Checked 
calico shirts were then common, but in win- 
ter flannel was frequently worn. In the 

so much light upon their conditions and | summer the laboring men and. the voyages 
limitations that in order better to show the j often took their shirts off in hard work and 
circumstances surrounding the people of the j hot weather, and turned out the naked back- 
State, we will give a short exposition of the ! to the air and sun.'' 
manner of life of our Indiana people at dif- | « Among the Americans," he adds, "home- 



made wool hats were the common wear. Fur I "The blue linsey hunting-shirt, with red or 
hats were not common, and scarcely a boot ! white fringe, had given place to the cloth 
was seen. The covering of the feet in win- coat. [Jeans would be more like the fact.] 
ter was chiefly moccasins made of deer-skins i The raccoon cap, with the tail of the animal 
and shoe-packs of tanned leather. Some wore ! dangling down behind, had been thrown aside 
shoes, but not common in very early times.' | for hats of wool or fur. Boots and shoes had 
In the summer the greater portion of the | supplanted the deer-skin moccasins; and the 
young people, male and female, and many of I leather breeches, strapped tight around the 
the old, went barefoot. The substantial and I ankle, had disappeared before unmentionables 
universal outside wear was the blue linsey ; of a more modern material. The female sex had 
hunting shirt. This is an excellent garment, | made still greater progress in dress. The 
and I have never felt so happy and healthy * old sort of cotton or woolen frocks, spun, 
since I laid it off. It is made of wide sleeves, i woven and made with their own fair hands, 
open before, with ample size so as to envelop j and striped and cross-barred with blue dye 
the body almost twice around. Sometimes I and Turkey red, had given place to gowns of 

it had a. large cape, which answers well to 
save the shoulders from the rain. A belt is 
mostly 'used to keep the garment close around 
the person, and, nevertheless, there is noth- 
ing tight about it to hamper the body. It is 
often fringed, and at times the fringe is com- 
posed of red, and other gay colors. The 

silk and calico. The feet, before in a state of 
nudity, now charmed in shoes of calf-skin or 
slippers of kid; and the head, formerly un- 
bonneted, but covered with a cotton handker- 
chief, now displayed the charms of the female 
face under many forms of bonnets of straw, 
silk and Leghorn. The young ladies, instead- 

belt, frequently, is sewed -to the hunting ; of walking a mile c«? two to church on Sun- 
shirt. The vest was mostly made of striped day, carrying their shoes and stockings in 
linsey. The colors were made often with ' their hands until within a hundred yards- of 
alum, copperas and madder, boiled with the j the place of worship, as formerly, now came 
bark of trees, in such a manner and propor- -j forth arrayed complete in all the pride of 
tion as the old ladies prescribed. The; pan- j dress, mounted on tine horses and attended 
taloons of the masses were generally made of j by their male admirers." 
deer-skin and linsey. Coarse blue cloth was j The last half century has doubtless wit- 
sometimes made into pantaloons. j nessed changes quite as great as those set 
"Linsey, neat and fine, manufactured at ■ forth by our Illinois historian. The ehron- 
home, composed generally the outside gar- j icier of to-day, looking back to the goldeir 
ments of the females as well as the males,, j days of 1830 to 1840, and comparing them 
The ladies had linsey colored and woven to with the present, must be struck with the 
suit their fancy. A bonnet, composed of j tendency of an almost monotonous uniformity 

calico, or some gay goods, was. worn on the 
head when they were in the. open air. Jew- 
elry on the pioneer ladies was uncommon; a 
gold ring was am ornament not often seen." 

in dress and manners that comes from the 
easy inter-communication afforded by steamer, 
railway, telegraph and newspaper. Home 
manufactures have been driven from the 

In 1820 a change of dress began to take ' household by the lower-priced fabrics of dis- 
place, and before 1830, according to Ford, taut mills, the Kentucky jeans, and the 
most of the pioneer costume had disappeared, j copperas-colored clothing of home manufac- 


ture, so familiar a few years ago, having- given 
place to the cassimere and cloths of noted 
factories. The ready-made clothing stores, 
like a touch of nature, made the whole world 
kin, and may drape tlte charcoal man in a 
dress-coat and a stove-pipe hat. The prints 
and silks of England and France give a va- 
riety of choice and an assortment of colors 
and shades such as the pioneer women could 
hardly have dreamed of. Godey and Demor- 
est and Harper's Bazar are found in our 
modern farm-houses, and the latest fashions 
of Paris are nut uncommon. 


The Methodists were generally first on the 
ground in pioneer settlements, and at that 
early day they seemed more demonstrative in 
their devotions than at the present time. In 
those days, too, pulpit oratory was generally 
more eloquent and effective, while the gram- 
matical dress arid other -"Worldly" accom- 
plishments were not so assiduously cultivated 
as at present. i'ut in the manner of conduct- 
ing public worship there has probably not 
been so much change as in that of family 
worship, or "family prayers." as it was often 
called. We had then most emphatically an 
American edition of that pious old Scotch 
practice so eloquently described in Burns' 
" (.'otter's Saturday Night: " 

" The cheerfu' sapper done, vrV serious face 
They round the ingle formed a circle wide; 

The sire turn?-, o'er wi' patriarchal grace, 
The big ha' Bible, ance his father's pride; 

His bonnet rev'rontiy is laid aside, 
Hislyari ballets wearing thin and bare; 

Those strains that once did sweet in Zion glide; 
He wales a portion with judicious care, 
And " let us worship God," he says with solemn air. 

" They chant their artless notes in simple guise. 

They tune their hearts,— by tar the noblest aim; 
Perhaps " Dundee's" wild warbling measures rise. 

Or plaintive - Martyrs," worthy of the name; 

\ Or noble " Elgin " beats the heavenward flame,— 
j The sweetest far of Scotia's hallowed lays. 

Compared with these, Italian trills are tame; 
i The tickled ear no heart-felt raptures raise; 
Nae unison hae they with our Creator's praise. 

j " The priest-like father reads the sacred page, — 
j How Abraham was the friend of God on high, etc. 

j "Then kneeling down, to heaven's Eternal King 

The saint, the father and the husband prays; 
J Hope "springs exultant on triumphant wing," 

That thus they all shall meet in future days; 
: There ever bask in uncreated rays. 

No more to sigh or shed the bitter tear, 
; Together hymning their Creator's praise, 

In such society, yet still more dear, 

While circling time moves round in an eternal 

Once or twice a day, in the morning just 
before breakfast, or in the evening just before 
retiring to rest, the head of the family would 
cull those around him to order, read a chapter 
in the Bible, announce the hymn and tune by 
commencing to sing if, when all would join; 
then lie would deliver a most fervent prayer. 
If a pious guest was present he would be 
called upon to take the lead in all the exer- 
cises of the evening; and if in those days a 
person who prayed in the family or in public 
did not pray as if it were his very last on 
earth, his piety was thought to be defective. 

The familiar tunes of that day are remem- 
bered by the surviving old settlers as beino- 
more spiritual and inspiring than those of the 
present day, such as Bourbon, Consolation, 
China, Canaan, Conquering Soldier, Conde- 
scension, Devotion, Davis. Fidncia, Funeral 
Thought, Florida, Golden Hill, Greenfields, 
Ganges, Idumea, Imandra, Kentucky, Lenox, 
Leander, Mear, New Orleans, Northfield, 
New Salem, New Durham. Olney, Primrose, 
Pisgah, Pleyel's Hymn, Rockbridge, Rock- 
ingham, Reflection, Supplication, Salvation, 
St. Thomas, Salem, Tender Thought, Wind- 
ham, Greenville, etc., as they are named in the 
" Missouri Harmony." 



Members of other orthodox denominations 
also had their family prayers in which, how- 
ever, the phraseology of the prayer was 
somewhat different and the vuice not so loud 
as characterized the real Methodists, United 
Brethren, etc. 


The traveler always found a welcome at the 
pioneer's cabin. It was never full. Although 
there might be already a guest for every 
puncheon, there was still " room for one 
more," and a wider circle would be made for 
the new-comer at the log fire. If the stranger 
was in search of land, he was doubly welcome, 
and his host Mould volunteer to show him 
ail the " claims in this neck of the 
vvoods£" going with him for days, showing 
the corners ami advantages of every u Con- 
gress tract " within a dozen miles of his own 

To his neighbors the pioneer was equally 
Hberal. If a deer was killed, thechoieest bits 
were sent to his nearest neighbor, a half- 
dozen miles away, perhaps. When a k4 shoat" 
was butchered, the same custom prevailed. 
If a new-comer came in too late for " crop- 
ping," the neighbors would supply his table 
with just the same luxuries they themselves 
enjoyed, and in as liberal quantity, until a 
crop could be raised. When a new-comer 
had located his claim, the neighbors for miles 
around would assemble at the site of the 
new-comer's proposed cabin and aid him in 
>w gittin'" it up. One party with axes wonld 
cut down the trees and hew the logs; another 
with teams would haul the logs to the ground; 
another party would •'■raise" the cabin; 
while several of the old men would k * rive the 
clapboards " for the roof. By night the little 
f >st domicile would be up and ready for a 
" nouse- warming," which was the dedicatory 
occupation of the house, when music and 

dancing and festivity would be enjoyed at full 
j height. The next day the new-comer would be 
as well situated as his neighbors. 

An instance of primitive hospitable man- 
ners will be in place here. A traveling 
Methodist preacher arrived in a distant 
neighborhood to fill an appointment. The 
house where services were to be held did not 
! belong to a church member, but no matter 
j for that. Boards were raked up from all 
; quarters with which to make temporary seats, 
one of the neighbors volunteering to lead off 
I in the work, while the man of the house, 
j with the faithful rifle on his shoulder, sallied 
! forth in quest of meat, for this truly was a 
i " ground-hog " case, the preacher coming and 
j no meat in the house. The host ceased not 
i to chase until he found the meat, in the 
j shape of a deer; returning, he sent a boy out 
! after it, with directions on what "pint" to 
' find it. After services, which had been 
! listened to with rapt attention by all the 
! audience, mine host said to his wife, " Old 
| woman, I reckon thin 'ere preacher is pretty 
j hungry and you must get him a bite to eat." 
I ""What shall 1 git him?" asked the wife, who 
| had not seen the deer; '• thar's nnthin' in the 
: house to eat." - Why, look thar," returned 
' he; •■ thar's a deer, and thar's plenty of corn in 
• the field; you git sonu- corn and grate it 
| while 1 skin the deer, and we'll have a good 
I supper for him." It is needless to add that 
! venison and corn bread made a supper fit for 
! any pioneer preacher, and was thankfully 
; eaten. 


In pioneer times the transactions of com- 
j merce were generally carried on by neigh bor- 
| hood exchanges. Now and then a farmer 
! would load a fiat-boat with beeswax, honey, 
i tallow and peltries, witli perhaps a few 
1 bushels of wheat or corn or a few hundred 
\ clapboards, and float down the rivers into 

> ■/> > \ /■:/■:/; ijfe. 

the Ohio and thence to New Orleans, where : the letter had not been bronirht 500 miles in 
he would exchange hi.s produce for substan- a day or two, as is the case now-a-days, but 
tials in the shape of groceries and a little had probably been weeks on the route, and 
ready money, with which he would return by the mail was delivered at the pioneer's post- 
some one of the two or three steamboats office, several mile? distant from his resi- 
then running. Betimes there appeared at dence, only once in a week or two. All the 
the best steamboat landings a number of mail would be carried by a lone horseman, 
"middle men " engaged in the " commission Instances are related illustrating how mis- 
and forwarding" business, buying up the representation would be resorted to in order 
farmers' produce and the trophies of the chase j to elicit the sympathies of some one who was 
and the trap, and. sending them to the various i known to have "two bits" (25 cents) of 
distant markets. Their winter's accumula- money with him, and procure the required 
tions would be shipped in the spring, and the Governmental fee for a letter. 
manufactured goods of the tar East or distant Peltries came nearer being monev than 
South would come back in return: and in all anything else, as it came to be custom to 
these transactions scarcely any money was estimate the value of everything in peltries. 
seen or used. Goods were sold on a year's Such an article was worth so many peltries. 
time to the farmers, and payment made from Even some tax collectors and postmasters 
the proceeds of the ensuing crops. When were known to take peltries and exchange 
tne crops were sold and the merchant satisfied, them for the money required by the ( rovern- 
tlie surplus was paid out in orders on the ment. 

boring men and to satisfy other When the first settlers first came into the 

=tore ti 

Vhen a dav's work was done bv wilds 

•> tliey generally supposed that their 
a working man, his employer would ask. ban! struggle would be principally <-wr after 
"Well, what store do you want your order the first year; but alas! they often loot sd 
on?" The answer being given, the order for "easier times next year" tbr many years 
was written and always cheerfully accepted, before realizing them, and then the} came in 

so slily as to be almost imperceptible. The 
sturdy pioneer thus learned to bear hard- 
Money was an article little known and sel- ships, privation and hard living as tfood 
dom seen among the earlier settlers. Indeed, j soldiers do. As the facilities for makimr 
they had but little use for it, as they could money were not great, they lived prett\ well 
transact all their business about as well with- j satisiied in an atmosphere of good, social, 
out it, on the "barter" system, wherein great : friendly feeling, and thought themselves as 
ingenuity was sometimes displayed. When good as those they had left behind in the 
it failed in any instance, long credits con- East. But among the early settler.- who 
tributed to the convenience of the citizen,-., came; to this State were many who. accus- 
But i'oi- taxes and postage neither the barter tomed to the advantages of an older civiliza- 
nor the credit system would answer, and ! tion, to churches, schools and society, became 
often letters were suffered to remain a long speedily home-sick and dissatisfied. They 
time in the postoftice for the want of the 25 would remain perhaps one summer, or at 
cents demanded by the Government. With most two, then staling whatever claim with 
all this high price on postage, by the way, its improvements they had made, would re,- 


turn to the older States, spreading- reports of 
the hardships endured by the settlers here, 
and the disadvantages which they had found 
or imagined they had found in the country. 
These weaklings were not an unmitigated 
curse. The slight improvements they had j 
made were sold to men of sterner stuff, who 
were the sooner able to surround themselves 
with the necessities of life, while their un- 
favorable report deterred other weal: lings 
from corning. The men who stayed, who 
were willing to endure privations, belonged j 
to a different guild; they were heroes, every 
one,— men to whom hardships were things \ 
to be overcome, and present privations things 
to he endured for the sake of posterity, and " 
they never shrank from this duty. It is to 
these hardy pioneers who could endure, that 
we to-day owe the wonderful improvement 
we have made, and the development, almost 
miraculous, that has brought our State in the 
past sixty years from a wilderness to the 
front rank among the States of this great 
nation. I 


Not the least of the hardships of the pio- 
neers was the procuring of bread. The first j 
settlers must be supplied at least one year 
from other sources than their own lands: | 
but the first crops, however abundant, gave j 
only partial relief, there being no mills to j 
grind the grain. Hence the necessity of. 
grinding by hand-power, and ninny families 
were poorly provided with means for doing 
this. Another way was to grate the corn. 
A grater was made from a piece of tin, some- 
times taken from an old, worn-out tin bucket | 
or other vessel. It was thickly perforated, j 
bent into a semi-circular form, rough side 
upward, on a board. The corn was taken in 
the ear, and grated before it got dry and 
hard. Corn, however, was eaten in various : 

Soon after the country became more gen- 
erally settled, enterprising men were ready- 
to embark in the milling business. Sites 
along the streams were selected for water- 
power. A person looking for a mill-site 
would follow up and down the stream for a 
desirable location, and when found he would 
go before the authorities and secure a writ of 
ad quod damnum. This would enable the 
miller to have the adjoining land officially 
examined, and the amount of damage by 
making a dam was named. Mills being so 
great a public necessity, they were permitted 
to be located upon any person's land where 
the miller thought the site desirable. 


The agricultural implements used by the 
first farmers in this State would in this age 
of improvement be great curiosities. The 
plow used was called the " bar-share" plow; 
the iron point consisted of a bar of iron 
about two feet long, and a broad share of 
iron welded to it. At the extreme point was 
a coulter that passed through a beam six or 
.-even feet long, to which were attached han- 
dles of corresponding length. The mold- 
board was a wooden one. split out of winding- 
timber, or hewed into a winding shape, in 
order to turn the soil over. Sown seed was 
brushed in by dragging over the ground a 
sapling with a bushy top. In harvesting the 
change is most striking. Instead of the 
reapers and mowers of to-day, the sickle and 
cradle were used. The grain was threshed 
with a flail, or trodden out by horses or 


Hogs were always dressed before they were 
taken to market. The farmer, if forehanded, 
would call in his neighbors some bright fall 
or winter morning to help - v kill hogs." Im- 
mense kettles of water were heated; a sled or 

PIONEElf I JFK. 241 

two, covered with loose hoards or plank, con- | almost every merchant had, at the rear end 
stitnted the platform on which the hog was of his place of business or at some eonven- 
eleaned, and was placed near an inclined ient building. a « pork-house," and would buy 
hogshead in which the scalding was done; I the pork of his customers and of such others 
a quilt was thrown over the top of the latter as would sell to him, and cut it for the mar- 
to retain the heat: from a crotch of some j ket. This gave employment to a large num- 
convenient tree a projecting polo was rigged ber of hands in every village, who would cut 
to hold the animals for disemboweling and and pack pork all winter. The haulin<>- of all 
thorough cleaning. When everything was this to the river would also give employment 
arranged, the best shot of the neighborhood to a large number of teams, and the raanu- 
loaded his rifle, and the work of killing was facture of pork ban-els would keep many 
commenced. It was considered a disgrace coopers employed. 

to make a hog -squeal" by bad shooting or Allowing for the difference of currency and 
by a "shoulder stick,'' thai is, running the manner of marketing the price of pork was not 
point of the butcher-knife into the shoulder so high in those days us at present. Now, 
instead of the cavity of the breast. As each while calico and muslin are 10 cents a yard, 
hog fell, the -sticker" mounted him and pork- is 2 to 4 cents a pound; then, while calico 
plunged the butcher-knife, long and well and muslin were 23 cents a yard, pork was 
sharpened; into bis throat ; two persons would 1 to 2 cents a p >und. When, as the country 
then catch him by the hind legs, draw him grew older am j communications easier be- 
up to the scalding tub, which had just been tween the seaboard and the great West, 
filled v.ith boiling hot water with a shovelful prices went up to 2! and o cents a pound, 
of good green wood ashes thrown in; in this the farmers though! they would always be 
the carcass was plunged and moved around a content to raise pork at such a price; but 
minute or so, that is, until the hair would times have changed, even contrary to the 
slip oft' easily, then placed on the platform, j current-cy. 

where the cleaners would pitch into him with ! There was one feature in this method of 
all their might and clean him as quickly as \ marketing pork that made the country a oar- 
possible, with knives and other sharp-edged adise for the poor man in the winter time, 
implements; then two stout fellows would take j Spare-ribs, tenderloins, pigs' heads and pigs' 
him up between them, and with a third man feet were not considered of anv value, and 
to manage the " gambrel " (which was a stout were freely give!! to all who could use them, 
stick about two feet long, sharpened at both If a barrel was taken to any pork-house 
ends, to be inserted between the muscles of and salt furnished, the barrel would, be tilled 
the bond legs at or near the hock joint), and salted down with tenderloins and spare- 
the animal would be elevated to the pole, ribs gratuitously. So great in many cases 
where the work of cleaning was finished. was the quantity of .-pan-rib-, etc., to be dis- 

After the slaughter was over and the hogs posed of, that they would be hauled away 
had had time to cool, such as were intended in wagon-loads and dumped in the woods out 
for domestic use were cut up, the lard " tried " of town. 

out by the women of the household, and tla^ In those early times much wheat was mar- 
surplus hogs taken to market, while the keted at 25 to 50 cents a bushel, oars the 
weather was cold, if possible. In those days same or less, and corn 10 cents a bushel. A 


good young milch-cow could be bought for I and the whole panorama unceasingly changed 
$5 to $10, and that payable in work. i like the dissolving views of a magic lantern, 

Those might truly he called " close times," | or like the aurora borealis. Language can- 
vet the citizens of the country Mere accom- j not convey, words cannot express, the faint- 
modating, and but very little suffering for est idea of the splendor and grandeur of snch 
the actual necessities of life was ever known j a conflagration at night. It was as if the 
to exist. ■ pale queen of night, disdaining to take her 

pjraikie fires. accustomed place in the heavens, had dis- 

Fires, set out by Indians or settlers, some- j patched myriads upon myriads of messengers 
times purposely and sometimes permitted j to light their torches at the altar of the set- 
through carelessness, would visit the prairies ; ting sun until all had flashed into one long 
every autumn, and sometimes the forests, I and continuous blaze. 

either in autumn or spring, and settlers could The following graphic description of 
not always succeed in defending themselves j prairie fires was written by a traveler through 
against the destroying element. Many In- '■ this region in 1S49: 

teresting incidents are related. Often a fire | '-Soon the fires began to kindle wider and 
was started to bewilder game, or to bare a I rise higher from the long grass; the gentle 
piece of around for the early grazing of stock breeze increased to stronger currents, and soon 

the ensuing spring, and it would get away fanned the small, flickering blaze into fierce 
under a wind, and soon be beyond control, torrent dames, which curled up and leaped 
Violent winds would often arise and drive along in resistless splendor; and like quickly 
the flames with snch rapidity that riders on raising the dark curtain from the luminous 
the fleetest steeds could scarcely escape. On stage, the scenes before me were suddenly 
the approach of a prairie fire the farmer ! changed, as if by the magician's wand, into one 
would immediately set about "cutting off I boundless amphitheatre blazing from earth 
supplies'' for the devouring enemy by a j to heaven and sweeping the horizon round— 
"back lire." Thus, by starting a small fire j columns of lurid flames sportively mounting 
near the bare ground about his premises, and ; up the zenith, and dark clouds of crimson 
keeping it under control next his property, smoke curling away and aloft until they 
he would burn off a strip around him and i nearly obscured stars and moon, while the 
prevent the attack of the on-coming flames, i rushing, crashing sounds, like roaring cata- 
A few furrows or a ditch around the farm racts mingled with distant thunders, were al- 
constituted a help in the work of protection, most deafening; danger, death, glared all 
An original prairie of tall and exuberant around; it screamed for victims; yet, not- 
grass on fire, especially at night, was a mag withstanding the imminent peril of prairie 
nificent spectacle, enjoyed only by the ■ fires, one is loth, irresolute, almost unable to 
pioneer. Here is an instance where the j withdraw or seek refuge." 
frontiersman, proverbially deprived of the 
sights and pleasures of an old community, is 

privileged tar beyond the people of the pres- ! When the earliest pioneer reached this 
ent day in this country. One could scarcely j Western wilderness, game was his principal 
tire of beholding the scene, as its awe-inspir- j food until he had conquered a farm from the 
ing features seemed constantly to increase, I forest or prairie rarely, then, from the 


latter. As the country settled game grew ' dressed a division was made, every farmer 
scarce, and by 1850 lie who would live by his ■ getting more meat than enough, for his wm- 
rifle would have had but a precarious subsist- j tor's supply. Like energetic measures were 
ence had it not been for ,b wild hogs." These ' resorted to in other townships, so that in two 
animals, left by home-sick immigrants whom , or three years the breed of wild hoes became 
the chills or fever and ague had driven out, j extinct. 

had strayed into the woods, and began to ! native animals. 

multiply in a wild state. The woods each j The principal wild animals found in the 
fall were full of acorns, walnuts, hazelnuts, • State by the early settlers were the deer, 
and on these hogs would grow fat and multi- j wolf, bear, wild-cat, fox, otter, raccoon, gen- 
ply at a wonderful rale in the bottoms and i e rally called "coon," woodehuck, or ground 
along the bluffs. The second and third im- j hog, skunk, mink, weasel, muskrat, opossum, 
migration to the country found these wild j rabbit and squirrel; and the nrincipal feath- 
hogs an entailing source of meat supply up : ered game were the quail, prairie chicken 
to that period when they had in the town- j and wild turkey. Hawks, turkey buzzards, 
ships contiguous to the river become so I crows, blackbirds, were also very abundant. 
numerous as to be an evil, breaking in herds ; Several of these animals furnished meat for 
into the fanner's corn-fields or toling their I the settlers; but their principal meat did not 
domestic swine into their retreats, where j long consist of game; pork and poultry were 
they too became in a season as wild as those j raised in abundance. The wolf was the most 
in the woods. In 1838 or '39, in a certain j troublesome animal,, it being the common 
township, a meeting was called of citizens of | enemy of the sheep, and sometimes attack- 
the township to take steps to get rid of wild ing other domestic animals, and even human 
hogs. At this meeting, which was held in beings. But their hideous bowlings at night 
the spring, the people of the township were j were so constant and terrifying that they 
notified to turn out eit ruassi on a certain almost seemed to do more mischief by that 
day and engage in the work of catching, annoyance than by direct attack. They 
trimming and branding wild hogs, which j would keep everybody and every animal 
were to be turned loose, and the next winter about the farm-house awake and frightened, 
were to be hunted and killed by the people : and set all the dogs in the neighborhood to 
of the township, the meat to be divided pro j barking. As one man described it: "Sup- 
rata among the citizens y>i' the township. ; pose six boys, having six ^h>^ tied, whipped 
This plan was fully carried into effect, two or | them all at the same time, and you would hear 
three days being spent in the exciting work j such music as two wolves would make." 
in the spring. To effect the destruction of these animals 

In the early part of the ensuing winter the i the county authorities offered a bounty for 
settlers again turned out, supplied at con- j their scalps; and, besides, big hunts were 
venient points in the bottom with large ' common, 
kettles and barrels for scalding, and while j wolf hunts. 

the hunters were engaged in killing, others J In early days more mischief was done by 
with horses dragged the carcasses to the wolves than by any other wild animal, and 
scalding platforms, where they were dressed; : no small part of their mischief consisted in 
and when all that could be were killed and , their almost constant barking at night, which 



always seemed so menacing and frightful to 
the settlers. Like mosquitoes, the noise 
they made appeared to i>e about as dreadful 
sis the real depredations they committed, 
the most effectual, as well as the most 
exciting, method of ridding" the country of 
these hateful pests was that known as "the 
'•circular wolf hunt," by which all the men 
and hoys would turn out on an appointed day, 
in a kind of circle comprising many square 
miles of territory, with horses and dogs, and 
then close up -toward the center of their held 
of operation, gathering not only wolves, hut 
also deer and many smaller l < varmint." Five, 
ten or more wolves by this means would 
sometimes be killed in a single day. The 
men would be organized with as much sys- 
tem as a lit th; army, every one being well 
posted in the meaning of every signal and the 
application of every rule, duns were scarcely 
ever allowed to be brought on such occasions, 
as their use would be unavoidably dangerous. 
The dogs were depended on for the final 
slaughter. The dogs, by the way, had all to 
be held in check by a cord in the hands of 
their keepers until the final signal was given 
to let them loose, when away they would go 
to the center of battle, and a more exciting 
scene would follow than can be easily de- 


This wild recreation was a peculiar one. 
and many sturdy backwoodsmen gloried in 
excelling in this art. He would carefully 
watch a bee as it tilled itself with the sweet 
product of some flower or leaf-bud. and 
notice particularly the direction taken by it 
as it struck a "bee-line" for its home, which 
when found would be generally high up in 
the hollow of a tree. The tree would be 
marked, and in September a party would go 
and cut down the tree and capture the honey 
as quickly as they could before it wasted 

away through the broken walls in which it 

had been so carefully stowed away by the 

little busy bee. Several gallons would often 

be thus taken from a single tree, and by a 

j very little work, and pleasant at that, the 

I early settlers could keep themselves in honey 

I the year round. By the time the honey was 

; a year old, or before, it would turn white and 

j granulate, yet be as good and healthful as 

l when fresh. This was by some called "can- 

; died " honey. 

j In some districts the resorts of bees would 
j be so plentiful that all the available hollow 
| trees would be occupied and many colonies 
\ of bees would be found at work in crevices 
in the rock and holes in the ground. A con- 
I siderable quantity of honey has even been 
| taken from such places. 

In pioneer times snakes w^rc numerous, 
| such as the rattlesnake, viper, adder, blood 
snake and many varieties of large blue and 
<j;vv<-r, snakes, milk snakes, garter and water 
snakes, black snakes, etc., etc. If, on meet- 
ing one of these, you would retreat, they 
would chase you, very fiercely; but if you 
! would turn and give them battle, they would 
I immediately crawl away with all possible 
I speed, hide in the grass and weeds, and wait 
I for a "greener" customer. These really 
harmless snakes served to put people on 
their guard against the more dangerous and 
venomous kinds. 

Jt was the practice of some sections of the 
! country to turn out in companies, with 
j spades, mattocks and crow-bars, attack the 
! principal snake dens and slay large numbers 
j of them. In early spring the snakes were 
! somewhat torpid and easily captured. Scores 
( of rattlesnakes were sometimes frightened 
I out of a single den, which, as soon as they 
l showed their heads through the crevices of 

riOXMEIl LIFE. .,-., 

the rocks, were dispatched and left to be de- it was. \ or would it stop for any sort of 

vonred by the numerous wild hogs of that contingency; not ex-en a weddina in \\^ 

day. Some of the fattest of these snake, family would stop it. It was imperative and 

were taken to the house and oil extracted tyrannical. When the appointed time came 

from them, and their glittering skins were around, everything else had to he stopped to 

saved as specifics for rheumatism. attend to its demands. It didn't even' have 

Another method waste so fix a heavy any Sundays or holidays; after the fever went 

stick ever the door of their dens, with a long down yon still didn't feel much better. You 

grape-vine attached, that one at a distance felt as though you had gone through some 

could plug the entrance to the den when the sort of collision, threshing°maclnneor*jarring- 

snakes were all out sunning themselves, machine, and came out not killed, but next 

Then a huge company of the citizens, on i thing to it. You left weak, as though you 

hand by appointment, could kill scores of had run too far after something, and then 

the reptiles in a few minutes. j didn't catch it. You felt languid^ stupid a::d 

shakes. sore ' and W:ls down Ux tlxC: mouth and heel 

i and partially raveled out. Your hack was 
One of the greatest obstacles in the early out of fix, your head ached and your appetite 

settlement and prosperity of this State was \ crazv. Your eyes had too much white in 

the -chilis and lever." -fever and ague," them, your ears, especially after taking qui- 

or -shakes." as it was variously called. It nine , | md too much roar in then,. :md%onr 

wasa terror to new-comers; in the fall of the whole body and soul wore entirely woe- 

year almost everybody was afflicted with it. begone, disconsolate, sad. poor and o-ood for 

It was no respecter of persons; everybody nothing. You didn't mink much of vour- 

looked pale and sallow as though he were self, an.d didn't believe that other people did 

frost-bitten. It was not contagious, bat de- either; and you didn't care You rh'dn't 

rived from impure water and air, which are opiite make up your mind to commit suicide 

always developed in the opening up of a new | mt sometimes wished some accident would 

country of rank soil like that of the North- | iappeil to knock either the maladv or your- 

west. The impurities continue to be ab- so lf oat of existence. You imagined that 

sorbed from day to day, and from week to even the dogs looked at you with a kind of 
week, until the whole body corporate became i self-complacencv. You thought the sun had 

saturated with it as with electricity, and then a kind of sickly shine about it 
the shock came; and the shock was a regular About this time you came* to the conclusion 

shake, with a fixed beginning and ending, that you would not accept the whole State of 

coming on in some case, each day. but gen- Indiana as a gift; and if you had the strength 

orally on alternate days, with a regularity and means, you picked up Hannah and' the 
that was surprising. After the shake came I baby, and your traps, and went hack -wander" 

the fever, and this "last estate was worse \ to '-Old Virginny," the » Jarseys," Maryland 

than the first.'' It was a burning-hot fever, | r •• Ponnsylvany." 
and lasted for hours. When you had the 
chill you couldn't get warm, and when you "And to-day the swallows flitting 

had the fever you couldn't get cool. It was Round my chamber sce "'" si " in S, 

-„ ,ri*i i • ,-, • . , i Moodily -within the sunshine, 

exceedingly awkward in this respect; indeed | .last inside mv silent door 



Waiting for the ager, seeming 
Like a man forever dreaming, 
And the sunlight on me streaming, 

Sheds no shadow on the floor, 
For I am loo thin and sallow- 
To make shadows on the floor, — 

Ne'er a shadow any more!" 

The above id not a mere picture of the im- 
agination. It is simply recounting in quaint 
phrase what actually occurred in thousands 
of cases. Whole families would sometimes 
be sick at one time and not one- member 
scarcely able to wait on another. Labor or 
exercise always aggravated the malady, and 
it took General Laziness a long time to thrash 
the enemy out. And those were the days 
for swallowing all sorts of roots and "yarbs," 
and whisky, etc-., with some faint hope of re- 
lief. And finally, when the case wore out, 
the last remedy taken got the credit of the 


Though struggling through the pressure 
of poverty and privation, the early settlors 
planted among them the school-house at the 
earliest practical period. So important an 
object as the education of their children they 
did not defer until they could build more 
comely and convenient houses. They were 
for a time content with such as corresponded 
with their rude dwellings, but soon better 
buildings and accommodations were provided. 
As may readily be supposed, the accommoda- 
tions of the earliest schools were not good. 
Sometimes school was taught in a room of a 
large or a double log cabin, but oftener in a 
log house built for the purpose. Stoves and 
such heating apparatus as arc now in use 
were then unknown. A mud-and-stick chim- 
ney in one end of the building, with earthen 
hearth and a fire-place wide and deep enough 
to receive a four to six-foot back-log, and 
smaller wood to match, served for warming 
purposes in winter and a kind of conserva- 

tory in summer. For windows, part of a log 
was cut out in two sides of the building, and 
may be a few lights of eight by ten glass set 
in, or the aperture might be covered over 
with greased paper. Writing desks consisted 
of heavy oak plank or a hewed slab laid upon 
j wooden pins driven into the wall. The four- 
; legged slab benches were in front of these, 
I and the pupils when not writing wotdd sit 
| with their backs against the sharp edge of 
| the writing-desks. The floor was also made 
| out of the slabs, or " puncheons," laid upon 
j log sleepers. Everything was rude and 
i plain; but many of America's greatest men 
! have gone out from just such school-houses 
to grapple with the world and make names 
I for themselves and reflect honor upon their 
• country. Among these we can name Abra- 
I ham Lincoln, our martyred President, one of 
j the noblest men known to the world's his- 
: tory. Stephen A. Douglas, one of the great- 
! est statesmen of the age, began his career in 
Illinois teaching in one of these primitive 
| school-houses. Joseph A. Wright and sev- 
eral other.- of Indiana's great statesmen have 
. also graduated from the log school-house into 
; political eminence. S<^ with many of her 
i most eloquent and efficient preachers. 

Imagine such a house with the children 
I seated around, and the teacher seated on one 
end of a bench, with no more desk at his 
j hand than any other pupil has. and you have 
I in view the whole scene. The -schoolmaster ' 
| has called "Books! books!" at the door, and the 
! "scholars" have just run in almost out of 
! breath from vigorous play, have taken their 
! seats, and are for the moment " saying over 
| their lessons" to themselves with all their 
; might, that is, in as loud a whisper as possi- 
; ble. While they are thus engaged the teacher 
j is perhaps sharpening a few quill pens for the 
! pupils, for no other kind of pen had been 
{ thought of as yet. In a few minutes he calls up 


an urchin to say his a he's; the little boy stands 
beside the teacher, perhaps partially leaning 
on his lap; the teacher with his penknife 
points to the letter and asks what it is; the lit- 
tle fellow remains silent, for he does not know 
what to say; "A," says the teacher; the boy 

the second or third reader class would be 
called, who would stand in a row in front of 
the teacher, « toeing the mark,'" which was 
actually a chalk or charcoal mark drawn on 
the floor, and commencing at one end of the 
class, one would read the first " verse," the 

echoes "A; "the teacher poiuts to the next and | next the second, and so on around, taking the 
asks what it is; the boy is silent again; "13," j paragraphs in the order as they occur in the 
says the teacher; «B," echoes the little urchin; | book. Whenever a pupil hesitated at a word 
and so it goes through the exercise, at the con- j the teacher would pronounce it for him. And 
elusion of which the teacher tells the little: this was all there was of the reading exercise. 
" Major " to go back to his seat and study his j Those studying arithmetic were but little 
letters,andwhen he comes, to a letter he doesn't j classified, and they were therefore generally 
know, to come to him and he will tell him. He | called forward singly and interviewed, or the 
obediently goes to his seat, looks on his book j teacher simply visited them at their seats. A 
a little while, and then goes trudging across | lesson containing several " sums " would be 
the puncheon floor again in his bare feet, to i given for the next day. Whenever the learner 
the teacher, and points to a letter, probably i came to a sum he couldn't do he would goto 
outside of his lesson, and asks what it is. j the teacher with it. who would willingly and 
The teacher kindly tells him that that is not in \ patiently, if he had time, do it for him. 
his lesson, that he need not study that or look j In geography no wall maps were used, no 
at it now; he will come to that some other | drawing required, and the studying and red- 
day, and then he will learn what it is. The i tation comprised onlv the 

learn w 
simple-minded little fellow then trudges, smil- I memory, or 


ingly, as he catches the eye of some one, back 

eettinor b 

committing to 

heart," as it was 

called, the names and locality of places. The 

to his seat seat, again. 1 tut why he smiled j recitation proceeded like this: Teacher-- 
he has no definite idea. '"Where is Norfolk?" Pupil — "In the 

To prevent wearing the books out at ! southeastern part of Virginia." Teacher 

the lower corner, every pupil was expected to j " What bay between Maryland and Vir- 
keepa"thnmb paper" under his thumb as j ginia? " Pupil — « Chesapeake." 
he holds the book; even then the books I When the hour for writing arrived the 
were soiled and worn out at this place in a time was announced by the master, and every 
few weeks, so that a part of many lessons pupil practicing this art would turn his feet 
were gone. Consequently the request was j over to the back of his seat, thus throwing 
often made, "Master, may I borrow Jimmy's j them under the writing desk already de- 
book to get my lesson in? mine haint in my J scribed, and proceed to "follow copy," which 
book: it's tore out." It was also customary | was invariably set by the teacher, not by 
to use book-pointers, to point out the letters j rule, but by as nice a stroke of the pen as he 
or words in study as well as in recitation. | could make. The first copies for each pupil 
The black stem of the maiden-hair fern was a J would be letters, and the second kind and last 
very popular material from which pointers j consisted of maxims. Blue ink on white 
were made. : paper, or black ink on blue paper, were com- 

The a-b-ab scholars through with, perhaps | mon; and sometimes a pupil would be so 

.»■•» 1 


unfortunate as to be compelled to use blue 
ink on blue paper; and a " blue " time he 
had of it. 

About bull- past ten o'clock the master 
would announce, "Sehool may go out:," which 
meant "little play-time," in the children's 
parlance, called nowadays recess or intermis- 
sion. Often the practice was to have the 
boys and girls go out separately, in which 
case the teacher would first say. " The girls 
may go out," and after they had been out 
about ten minutes the boys were allowed a 
similar privilege in the same way. in calling 
the children in from the play-ground, the 
teacher would invariably stand near the door 
of the school-house and call out "Books! 
books!" Between play-times the request-, 
"Teacher, may I go out?" was often iterated 
to the annoyance of the teacher and the dis- 
turbance of the school. 

At about half-past eleven o'clock the teach- 
er would announce, " Scholars may now got 
their spelling lessons," and they would all 
pitch in with their characteristic loud whis- 
per and " say over " their lessons with that 
vigor which characterizes the movements of 
those who have just learned that the dinner 
hour and " big play-time " is near at hand. 
A few minutes before twelve the * k little 
spelling-class would recite, then the " big 
spelling-class." The latter woul '. c unprise 
the larger scholars and the major pa i of the 
school. The classes would stand in a row, 
either toeing the mark in the midst of the 
floor, or straggling along next an unoeeuoied 
portion of the wail. One end of the class 
was the " head," the other the " foot." and 
when a pupil spelled a word correctly, which 
had been missed by one or more, he would 
"go up " and take his station above all that 
had missed the word; this was called " turn- 
ing them down." At the conclusion of the 
recitation, the head pupil would go to the 

foot, to have another opportunity of turning 
them all down. The class would number, 
and before taking their seats the teacher 
would say. "School is dismissed," 1 winch was 
the signal of every child rushing for his din- 
ner and having the " big play-time." 

The same process of spelling would also be 
gone through with in the afternoon just be- 
fore dismissing the school for the day. 

The chief text-books in which the "schol- 
ars " got their lessons were Webster's or 
some other elementary spelling-book, an 
arithmetic, maybe Pike's, Dilworth's, Da- 
boll's, Smiley's or Adams', MeGuffey's or the 
old English reader, and Itoswell C. Smith's 
geography and atlas. Very few at the earli- 
est day, however, got so far along as to study 
geography. Nowadays, in contrast with the 
above, look at the "ographies" and "ologies!" 
Grammar and composition were scarcely 
thonorht of until Indiana was a quarter of a 
century old, and they were introduced in 
such a way that their utility was always ques- 
tioned. First, old Murray's then Kirkham's 
grammar were the text-books on this subject. 
"Book larnin'," instead of practical oral in- 
struction, was the only thing supposed to be 
attained in the primitive log school-house 
days. But writing was generally taught with 
fair diligence. 


This phrase had its origin in the practice 
of pioneer schools winch used Webster's 
Elementary Spelling Book. Toward the 
back part of that time-honored text-book was 
a series of seven or eight pictures, illustrating 
morals, and after these again were a few 
more spelling exercises of a peculiar kind. 
When a scholar got over into these he was 
said to be " past the pictures," and was 
looked up to as being smarter and more 
learned than most other people ever hoped to 


be. Hence the application of this phrase 
came to be extended to other affairs in life, 
especially where scholarship was involved. 


The chief public evening entertainment 
for the first thirty or forty years of Indiana's 
existence was the celebrated ik spelling- 
school." Both young people and old looked 
forward to the next spelling-school with as 
much anticipation and anxiety as we now- 
adays look forward to a general Eourth-of- 
July celebration; and when the time arrived 
tiie whole neighborhood, yea, and sometimes 
several neighborhoods, would flock together 
to the scene of academical combat, where the 
excitement was often more intense than had 
been expected. It was far better, of course, 
when there was good sleighing; then the 
young folks would turn out in high glee and 
be fairly beside themselves. The jollity is 
scarcely equaled at the present day by any- 
thing in vogne. 

"When the appointed hour arrived, the 
usual plan of commencing battle was for two 
of the young people who might agree to play 
against each other, or who might be selected 
to do so by the school-teacher of the neigh- 
borhood, to •' choose sides," that is, each con- 
testant, or "captain"' as lie was generally 
called, would choose the best. speller from the 
assembled crowd. Each one choosing alter- 
nately, the ultimate strength of the respective 
parties would be about equal. When all 
were chosen who could be made to serve, 
each side would "number," so as to ascertain 
whether amid the confusion one captain had 
more spellers than the other. In case he had, 
some compromise would be made by the aid 
of the teacher, the master of ceremonies, and 
then the plan of conducting the campaign, or 
counting the misspelled words, would be 
canvassed for a moment by the captains, 

sometimes by the aid of the teacher and 
others. There were many ways of conclud- 
ing the contest and keeping tally. Every 
section of the country had several favorite 
methods, and all or most of these were differ- 
ent from what other communities had. At 
one time they would commence spelling at 
the head, at another time at the foot; at one 
time they would - spell across/' that is, the 
first on one side would spell the first word, 
then the first on the other side; next the 
second in the line on each side, alternately, 
down to the. other end of each line. The 
question who would spell the first word was 
determined by the captains guessing what 
page the teacher would have before him in a 
partially opened book at a distance; the cap- 
tain guessing the nearest would spell the 
first word pronounced. When a word was 
missed, it would be re-pronounced, or passed 
along without re-pronouncing (as some teach- 
ers strictly followed the rule never to re-pro- 
nounce a word), until it was spelled correctly. 
If a speller on the opposite side finally 
spelled the missed word correctly, it was 
counted a gain of one to that side; if the 
word was finally corrected by some speller on 
the same side on which it was originated as 
a missed word, it was " saved," and no tally 
mark was made. 

Another popular method was to commence 
at one end of the line of spellers and go 
directly around, and the missed words caught 
up quickly and corrected by il word-catchers," 
appointed by the captains from among their 
best spellers. These word-catchers would at- 
tempt to correct all the words missed on his 
opponent's side, and failing to dv this, the 
catcher on the other side would catch him 
up with a peculiar zest, and then there was 

Still another very interesting, though 
somewhat disorderly, method, was this: Each 



word-catcher would go to the foot of the ad- 
versary's line, and every time he " patched " 
a word he went up one, thus " turning them 
down " in regular spelling-class style, When 
one catcher in this way turned all down on 
the opposing side, his own party was victori- 
ous by as many as the opposing catcher was 
behind. This method required no slate or 
blackboard tally to be kept. 

One turn, by either of the foregoing or 
other methods, would occupy forty minutes 
to an hour, and by this time an intermission 
or recess was had, when the buzzing, cack- 
ling and hurrahing that ensued for ten or 
fifteen minutes were beyond description. 

Coming to order again, the next style of 
battle to be illustrated was to "spell down," 
by which process it was ascertained who were 
the best spellers and could continue standing 
as a soldier the longest. But very often good 
spellers would inadvertently miss a word in 
an early stage of the contest and would have 
to sit down, humiliated, while a compara- 
tively poor speller would often stand till 
nearly or quite the last, amid the cheers of 
the assemblage. Sometimes the two parties 
first ••'chosen up'" in the evening would re- 
take their places after recess, so that by the 
"spelling-down" process there would virtu- 
ally be another race, in another form; some- 
times there would be a new " choosing up " 
for the "spelling-down" contest; and some- 
times the spelling would be conducted with- 
out any party lines being made. It would 
occasionally happen that two or three very 
good spellers would retain the floor so. long 
that the exercises would become monotonous, 
when a few outlandish words like " chevaux- 
de-frise," " Otnpompanoosuc " or " Baugh- 
naugh-claugh-ber," as they used to spell it 
sometimes, would create a little ripple of ex- 
citement to close with. Sometimes these 
words would decide the contest, but gener- 

ally when two or three good spellers kept the 
floor until the exercises- became monotonous, 
the teacher would declare the race closed and 
the standing spellers acquitted with a '-drawn 

The audience dismissed, the next thing 
was to '■ go home," very often by a round- 
about way, "a-sleighing with the girls," 
which, of course, was with many the most 
interesting part of the evening's perform- 
ances, sometimes, however, too rough to be 
commended, as the boys were often inclined to 
be somewhat rowdyish. 

Next to the night spelling-school the 
j singing-school was an occasion of much jol- 
| lity, wherein it was difficult for the average 
I singing-master to preserve order, as many 
i went more for fun than for music. This 
i species of evening entertainment, in its in- 
; troduction to the West, was later than the 
! spelling-school, and served, as it were, as the 
second step toward the more modern civiliza- 
tion. Good sleighing weather was of course 
'. almost a necessity for the success of these 
i schools, but how many of them have been 
prevented by mud and rain ! Perhaps a 
j greater part of the time from November to 
] April the roads would be muddy and often 
I half frozen, which would have a very dampen- 
I ing and freezing effect upon the souls as well 
as the bodies of the young people who longed 
s for a good time on such occasions. 

The old-time method of conducting sinsriug:- 

| school was also somewhat different from that 

I of modern times. It was more plodding and 

j heavy, the attention being kept upon the 

simplest rudiments, as the names of the notes 

on the staff, and their pitch, and beating 

time, while comparatively little attention 

was given to expression and light, gleeful 

music. The very earliest scale introduced in 


the West was from the South, and the notes, 
from their peculiar shape, were denominated 
" patent " or " buckwheat " notes. They were 
four, of which the round one was always 
called sol, the square one la, the triangular 
one fa, and the " diamond shaped " one mi, 
pronounced me, and the diatonic scale, or 
"gamut," as it was called then, ran thus: fa, 
sol, la, fa, sol, la, mi, fa. The part of a 
tune nuw-a-days called "treble," or " so- 
prano," was then called " tenor;" the part 
now called " tenor" was called "treble," and 
what is now "alto" was then "counter," and 
when sung according to the oldest rule, was 
sung by a female an octave higher than 
marked, and still on the " chest register." 
The "old" "Missouri Harmony" and Ma- 
son's "Sacred Harp" were the principal 
books used with this style of musical nota- 

About 1S50 the "round-note" system be- 
gan to "come around," being introduced by 
the Yankee singing-master. The scale was 
do, re, mi, fa, sol. la, si, do; and for many 
years thereafter there was much more do-re- 
mi-ing than is practiced at the present day, 
when a musical instrument is always under 
the hand. The " Carmina Sacra " was the 
pioneer round-note book, in which the tunes 
partook more of the German or Puritan 
character, and were generally regarded by 
the old folks as being far more spiritless 
than the old " Pisgah," " Fiducia," "Tender 
Thought," " New Durham," " Windsor," 
" Mount Sion," " Devotion," etc., of the old 
"Missouri Harmony "and tradition. 


The fashion of carrying tire-arms was made 
necessary by the presence of roving bauds 
of Indians, most of whom were ostensibly 
friendly, but like Indians in all times, 
treacherous and unreliable. An Indian war 

was at any time probable, and all the old set- 
tlers still retain vivid recollections of Indian 
massacres, murders, plunder, and frightful 
rumors of intended raids. While target 
practice was much indulged in as an amuse- 
ment, it was also necessary at times to carry 
their guns with them to their daily field 

As au illustration of the painstaking which 
characterized pioneer life, we quote the fol- 
j lowing from Zebulon Collings, who lived 
about six miles from the scene of massacre in 
the Pigeon Roost settlement: "The manner 
in which I used to work in those perilous 
times was as follows: On all occasions I 
carried my rifle, tomahawk and butcher- 
knife, with a loaded pistol in my belt. When 
I went to plow I laid my gun on the plowed 
ground, "and stuck up a stick by it for a mark, 
so that I could get it quick in case it was 
j wanted. I had two good dogs; I took one 
I into the house, leaving the other out. The 
j one outside was expected to give the alarm, 
! which would cause the one inside to bark, 
by which I would be awakened, having my 
arms always loaded. I kept my horse in a 
| stable close to the house, having a port-hole 
j so that I could shoot to the stable door. 
j During two years I never went from home 
| with any certainty of returning, not knowing 
1 the minute I might receive a ball from an 
! unknown hand." 


The history of pioneer life generally pre- 
sents the dark side of the picture; but the 
toils and privations of the early settlers were 
j not a series of unmitigated sufferings. No; 
for while the fathers and mothers toiled hard, 
they were not averse to a little relaxation, 
and had their seasons of fun and enjoyment. 
Thev contrived to do something to break the 
monotony of their daily life and furnish them 


a good hearty laugh. Among the more gen- 
eral forms of amusement were the "quilting- 
bee ," " corn -husking," '• apple-paring," 
"log-rolling-" and "house-raising." Our 

young readers will doubtless be interested in 

j g 

a description of these forms of amusement, 
when labor was made to afford fun and enjoy- 
ment to all participating. The " quilting- 
bee," as its name implies, was when the 
industrious qualities of the busy little insect \ 
that "improves each shining hour" were; 
exemplified in the manufacture of quilts for 
the household. In the afternoon ladies for 
miles around gathered at an appointed place, j 
and while their tongues would not cease to 
play, the hands were as busily engaged in j 
making the quilt; and desire was always j 
manifested to get it out as quickly as possi- I 
ble, for then the fun would begin. • In the 
evening the gentlemen came, and the hours 
would then pass swiftly by in playing games : 
<n* dancing. " Com-huskings " were when 
both sexes united in the work. They assem- ! 
bled in a large barn, which was arranged for 
the occasion; and when each gentleman had j 
selected a lady partner the husking began, j 
When a lady found a red ear she was entitled 
to a kiss from every gentleman present; when i 
a gentleman found one he was allowed to kiss I 
every lady present. After the corn was all 
husked a good supper was served; then the I 
" old folks " would leave, and the remainder of 
the evening was spent in the dance and in j 
having a general good time. The recreation 
afforded to the young people on the annual 
recurrence of these festive occasions was as 
highly enjoyed, and quite as innocent, as the 
amusements of the present boasted age of ; 
refinement and culture. ] 

The amusements of the pioneers were j 
peculiar to themselves. Saturday afternoon ! 
was a holiday in which no man was expected j 
to work. A load of produce might be taken j 

to " town " for sale or traffic without violence 
to custom, but no more serious labor could 
be tolerated. When on Saturday afternoon 
the town was reached " fun commenced." 
Had two neighbors business to transact, here 
it was done. Horses were "swapped." 
Difficulties settled and free lights indulged 
in. Blue and red ribbons were not worn in 
those 'lays, and whisky was as free as water; 
twelve and a half cents would buy a quart, 
and thirty-live or forty cents a gallon, and at 
such prices enormous quantities were con- 
sumed Go to any town in the county and 
ask the first pioneer you meet, and he will tell 
you of notable Saturday afternoon tights, 
either of which to-day would ill! a column of 
the Police News, with elaborate engravings 

G G 

to match. 

Mr. Sandford C. Cox quaintly describes 
some of the happy features of frontier life 
in this manner: 

We cleared land, roiled logs, burned brush, 
blazed out paths from one neighbor's cabin 
to another and from one settlement to an- 
other, made and used hand-mills and hominy 
mortars, hunted deer, turkey, otter and rac- 
coons, caught fish, dug ginseng, hunted bees 
and the like, and — lived on the fat of the 
land. We read of a land of "corn and 
wine,"' and another " flowing with milk and 
honey," but 1 rather think, in a temporal 
point of view, taking into account the rich- 
ness of the soil, timber, stone, wild game 
and other advantages, that the Sugar Creek 
country would come up to any of them, if 
not surpass them. 

I once cut cord -wood, continues Mr. Cox, 
at 314 cents per cord, and walked a mile and 
a half night and morning, where the first 
frame college was built northwest of town 
(Crawford sville). Prof. Curry, the lawyer, 
would sometimes come down and help for an 
hour or two at a time, by way of amusement, 



as there was little or no law business in the 
town or country at that time. Reader, what 
would you think of going six to eight miles 
to help roll logs or raise a cabin* or ten to 
thirteen miles to mill, and wait throe or four 
days and nights for your grist? as many had 
to do in the first settlement of this country. 
Such things were of frequent occurrence 
then, and there was but little grumbling 
about it. It was a grand sight to see the 
log heaps and brush piles burning in the 
night on a clearing of ten or fifteen acres. 
A Democratic torch-light procession, or a 
midnight march of the Sons of Malta with 
their grand Gyasticutus in the center bearing 
the grand jewel of the order, would be no 
where in comparison witli the log heaps and 
brush piles in a blaze. 

But it may be asked, Had you any social 
amusements, or manly pastimes, to recreate 
and enliven the dwellers in the wilderness? 
We had. In the social line we had our 
meetings and our singing-schools, sugar-boil- 
ings and weddi 

fli i i 


were as irooci 

ever came oil" in any country, new or old; 
and if our youngsters did not "trip the light 
fantastic toe ?1 under a professor of the Terp- 
sichorean art or expert French dancing-mas- 
ter, they had many a good •• hoe-down " on 
puncheon floors, and were not annoyed by 
bad whisky. And as for manly sports, re- 
quiring mettle and muscle, there were lots 
of wild hogs running in the cat-tail swamps 
on Lye Creek and Mill Creek, and among 
them many large boars that Ossian's heroes 
and Homer's model soldiers, such as Achilles, 
Hector and Ajax, would have delighted to 
give chase to. The boys and men of those 
days had quite as much sport, and made 
more money and health by their hunting 
excursions than our city gents nowadays 
playing chess by telegraph where the players 
are more than seventy miles apart. 


Indiana is a grand State, in many respects 
second to none in the Union, and in almost 
everything that goes to make a live, prosper- 
ous community, not far behind the best. 
Beneath her fertile soil is coal enough, to sup- 
ply the State for generations; her harvests 
are bountiful; she has a medium climate, 
and many other things, that make her people 
I contented, prosperous and happy; but she 
j owes much to those who opened np these av- 
enues that have led to her present condition 
I and happy surroundings. Unremitting toil 
and labor have driven off the sickly mias- 
mas that brooded over swampy prairies. 
Energy and perseverance have peopled every 
section of her wild lands, and changed them 
from wastes and deserts to gardens of beauty 
and profit. Where but a few years ago bark - 
j ing wolves made the night hideous with their 
; wild shrieks and howls, now is heard only 
i the lowing and bleating- of domestic animals. 
| Only a half century ago the wild whoop of 
! the Indian rent the air where now are 
I heard the engine and rum 1 ling trains of cars, 
j bearing away to markets the products of our 
! labor and soil. Then the savage built his 
rude huts on the spot where now rise the 
I dwellings and school-houses and church spires 
of civilized life. How great the transforma- 
! Hon! This change has been brought about 
! by the incessant toil and aggregated labor of 
thousands (it* tired hands and anxious hearts, 
and the noble aspirations of such men and 
women as make any country great. What 
will another half century accomplish? There 
are few, very few, of these old pioneers yet 
linoorin"- on the shores of time as connecting 
links of the past with the present. What 
must their thoughts be as with their dim eyes 
they view the scenes that surround them? 
We often hear people talk about the old fogy 
ideas and fosrv ways, and want of enterprise 


on the part of the old men who have gone 
through the experiences of pioneer life. 
Sometimes, perhaps, such re-marks are just, 
but, considering the experiences, education 
and entire life of such men, such remarks are 
better unsaid. They have had their trials, 
misfortunes, hardships and adventures, and 
shall we now, as they are passing tar down the 
western declivity of life, and many of them 
gene, point to them the linger of derision and 
laugh and sneer at the simplicity of their 
ways? Let ns rather cheer them up, revere 
and respect them, for beneath those rough 
exteriors beat Hearts as noble as ever throbbed 
in the human breast. These veterans have 
been compelled to live for weeks upon hom- 
iny and, if bread at all, it was made from 
corn ground in hand-mills, or pounded up 
with mortars. Their children have been des- 
titute of shoes during the winter; their fam- 
ilies had no clothing except what was carded, 
spun, wove and made into garments by their 
own hands; schools they had none; churches 
they had none; afflicted with sickness inci- 
dent to all new countries, sometimes the en- 
tire family at once; luxuries of life they had 
none; the auxiliaries, improvements, inven- 
tions and labor-saving machinery of to-day 
they had not; and what they possessed they 
obtained by the hardest of labor and individ- 
ual exertions, yet they bore these hardships 
and privations without murmuring, hoping 
for better times to come, and often, too, with 
but little prospect of realization. 

As before mentioned, the changes written 
on every hand are most wonderful. It has 
bee;] but three-score years since the white 
man began to exercise dominion over this 
region, lirst the home of the red men, yet the 
visitor of to-day, ignorant of the past of the 
country, could scarcely be made to realize 
that within these years there has grown up a 
population of 2,000,000 people, who, in all 

I the accomplishments of life, are as far ad- 
i vanced as are the inhabitants of the older 
| States, Schools, churches, colleges, palatial 
dwellings, beautiful grounds, large, well-culti- 
vated and productive farms, as well as cities, 
towns and busy manufactories, have grown up, 
and occupy the hunting grounds and camping 
places of the Indians, and in every direction 
there are evidences oi wealth, comfort and 
luxury. There is but little left of the old 
land-marks. Advanced civilization and the 
progressive demands of revolving years leave 
obliterated all traces of Indian occupancy, un- 
til they are only remembered in name. 

In closing this section we again would 
impress upon the mind-- of our readers the 
I fact that they owe a debt of gratitude to those 
who pioneered this State, which can be but 
partially repaid. Never grow unmindful of 
the peril and adventure, fortitude, self-sacri- 
fice and heroic devotion so prominently dis- 
played in their lives. As time sweeps on in 
: its ceaseless flight, may the cherished memo- 
ries <>f them lose none of their greenness, but 
! may the future generations alike cherish and 
; perpetuate them with a just devotion to 
i gratitude. 


In the days of muster and military drill, 
: so well known throughout the country, a 
I specimen of pioneer work was done on the 

South Wea prairie, as follows, according to 

Mr. S. C. Cox: 

The captain was a stout-built, muscular 
| man, who stood six feet four in his boots, and 
\ weighed over 200 pounds; when dressed in 

his uniform, a blue hunting-shirt fastened 

with a wide red sash, with epaulettes on each 
I shoulder, his large sword fastened by his 
: side, and tall plume waving in the wind, he 
j looked like another William Wallace, or 
I Roderick Dim, unsheathing his claymore in 
! defense of his country. His company con- 


sisted of about seventy men, who had reluc- playing can]-, and sometimes drinking a 
tantly turned out to muster to avoid paying little too much whisky. During the session 
a fine; sonic with guns, some with sticks, and of a certain court, a man named John Steven- 
others carrying corn-stalks. The Captain, son, but who was named "Jack," and who 
who had but recently been elected, under- styled himself the "-philosopher of the 19th 
stood his business better than his men, sup- j century," found out where these genteel 
posed he did. He intended to give them a sportsmen met evenings to peruse the "history 
thorough drilling, and show them that he j of the four kings." lie went to the door and 
understood the maneuvers of the military art knocked foradmission; to the question, k - Who 
as well as he did farming and fox hunting, ! is there? he answered, "Jack." The in- 
the latter of which was one of his favorite , siders hesitated; he knocked and thumped 
amusements. After forming a hollow square, j importunately; at length a voice from with- 
marching and countermarching, and putting | in said, " Go away, Jack: we have already four 
them through several other evolutions, 'Jacks' in our game, and we will not consent 
according to Scott's tactics, he commanded to have a ' cold one ' wrung in onus." 
Ids men to -form a line." They partially Indignant at this rebuff from gentlemen 

complied, but the line was crooked, lie ' from whom he had expected kinder treatment, 
took his swords and passed, it along in front : he left, muttering vengeance, which excited 
of his men, straightening the line. By the \ no alarm in the minds of the players. At 
time he passed from one end of the line to l first he started away to walk off his passion, 
the other, on casting his eye back, he dis- j but the longer he walked the madder he got, 
covered that the line presented a zig-zag and | and finally concluded that he would not 
un military appearance. Some of the men I "pass" while he held or might hold so many 
were leaning on their guns, some on their ] trumps in his hands, but would return audi 
sticks a yard in advance of the line, and ; play a strong hand with them. Accord- 
others as far in the rear. The Captain's ingly he gathered Ids arms full of stones a 
dander arose; he threw Ins cocked hat, feather little larger than David gathered to throw at 
and all, on the ground, took off his red sash Goliath, and when he came near enough lie 
and hunting-shirt, and threw them, with his threw a volley of them through tiie window 
sword, upon his hat; he then rolled up his j into the room where they were playing, ex- 
sleeves and shouted with the voice of a tinguishing their lights, and routing the 
stentor, "Gentlemen, form a line and keep whole baud with the utmost trepidation into 
it, or I'll thrash the whole company.*' In- , the street, in search of their curious assailant, 
stantly the whole line was straight as an Jack stood his ground and told them that 
arrow. The Captain was satisfied, put on his that was a mere foretaste of what they might 
clothes again, and never had any more trouble expect if they molested him in the least, 
in drilling his company. Next day the pugnacious Jack was arrested 

toansweran indictment for malicious mischief, 


and failing to give bail, was lodged m uul. 


I His prosecutors laughed through the grate- of 

In early days in this State, before books the prison as they passed. Meanwhile Jack 

and newspapers were introduced, a few law- ••nursed his wrath to keep it warm." and 

Vers were at a certain place in the habit of indicted a speech in his own defense. Indue 



time lie was taken before the court, the in- j afterward considered " trump;" — Settlement 
dictment was read, and lie was asked what he of the Wabash Valley. 
pleaded to the indictment. "Not gjnilty." I 

, , . , ' ' u TOO FULL FOR UTTERANCE. 

lie answered in a deep, earnest tone. •• Have . 

yon counsel- engaged to defend yon, Mr. ! The early years of Indiana afford to the 
Stevenson?" inquired the judge. " No, please j inquirer a rare opportunity to obtain a 
your honor, I desire none. With your : glimpse of the political and even social re- 
permission I will speak for myself.'' lations of the Indian ians of the olden time to 
" Yery well." said the judge. A titter j the moderns. As is customary in all new 
ran through the crowd. After the prosecut- comities there was to be found, within the 
ing attorney had gone through with the: limits of the new State, a happy people, far 
evidence and his opening remarks in the removed from all those influences which tend 
case, the prisoner arose and said, k - It is a to interfere with the public morals; the} 7 
lamentable i'act, well known to the court and possessed the coinage and the gait of freeborn 
jury and to all who hear me, that our county men, took an especial interest in the political 
seat has for many years been infested and questions affecting their State, and often when 
disgraced, especially during court time, met under the village shade trees to discuss 
with a knot of drunken, carousing gamblers, sincerely, and unostentatiously, some matters 
whose Bacchanalian revels and midnight or- of local importance, accompanied the subject 
gies disturb the quiet and pollute the morals before their little convention with song and 
of our town. Shall these nuisance.? longer jest, and even the cup which cheers but 
remain in our midst, to debauch society and not inebriates. The election of militia offi- 
lead our young men t<> destruction* bully cers for the Black Creek Regiment may be 
impressed with a sense of their turpitude, taken for example. The village school boys 
and my duty as a good citizen to the com- prowled at large, for on the day previous the 
munity in which I live, I resolved to 'abate teacher expressed his intention of attending 
the nuisance,' which, according to the doc- the meeting of electors, and of aiding in 
trine of the common law, with which your building up a military company worthy of his 
honor is familiar. I or any other citizen had own importance and the reputation of the 
a right to do. I have often listened with lew villagers. The industrious matrons arid 
pleasure to the charges your honor gave the maids- bless their souls — donned the habili- 
grand jury to ferret out crime and all man- ! ments of fashion, and as they arrived at the 
ner of gaming in our community. I saw J meeting ground, ornamented the scene for 
had it in my power to ferret out these fellows which nature in its untouched simplicity did 
with a volley of stones, and save the county so much. Now arrived the moment when 
the cost of finding and trying a half a dozen the business should be entered on. With a 
indictments, .fudge. I did 'abate the nui- good deal of urging the ancient El ward Tom - 
sauce,' and consider it one of the most merito- kins took the chair, and with a pompous air, 
rious acts of my life." wherein was concentrated a consciousness of 

The prosecutor made no reply. The judge his own importance, demanded the gentlemen 
and lawyers looked at each other with a sig- entrusted with resolutions to open the pro- 
nificant glance. A nolle prosequi was en- j ceedings. By this time a respected elector 
tered, Jack was acquitted, and was ever : brought forward a jar and an uncommonly 



large tin cup. These articles proved objects ; rostrum for me to speak from. Two or three 
of very serious attention, and when the men seized hold of me and placed me 'upon 
chairman repeated hi.s demand, the same the stand, amidst the vociferous shouts of the 
elector tilled the cup to the brim, passed it to : friends of the canal, which were none the 
the venerable president and hade him drink j less loud on account of the frequent circula- 
deep to the prosperity of [ndiana, of Black '. tion of the tin and jug. I could scarcely 
Creek, and of the regiment about robe formed. : preserve my equilibrium, but there 1 was on 
The secretary was treated similarly, and then . the tub for the purpose of answering and ex- 

a drink all around the thirty electors and 
their friends. This ceremony completed, the 
military subject melted into nothingness be- 

posmg the doctors sophistries, and an anx- 
ious auditory waiting for me to exterminate 
him. I -Jut, strange to say, my lips refused 

fore the great question, then agitating the J utterance 

is trees, walking, 

mould the State of I 

md alter a long, and to me paint' 

accept the grant of land donated by Congress smote my hand upon my breast, and said, • 1 
for the construction of the Wabash and Erie feel too full for utterance.' (I meant of 
Canal, from Lake Erie to the mouth of Tippe- j whisky, they thought of righteous indig- 
canoe River*'' A son of Esculapius, one j nation at the doctor's effrontery in oppos- 
!'r. Stone, protested so vehemently against ing the measure under consideration.) 

itertainin<r even an idea of accenting the i The rum worked iik< 

a cuarm. j u 


grant, that the parties favorable to the ques- ' crowd shouted: • Let him have it.' 1 v;ii>r<\ 
tion felt themselves to be treading on totter- ! my finger and pointed a. momenl at the doc- 
ing grounds. Stone's logic was to the point, i tor. The audience shouted, • Hit him again.' 
unconquerable; but his enemies did not sur- i Thus encouraged, 1 attempted the first 
render hope'; they looked at one another, then ! stump speech 1 ever attempted to make; and 
at the young school-teacher, whom they ulti- • after I got my mouth to go off (and a part of 
mately selected as their orator and defender. ; the whisky in perspiration), i had no 
The meeting adjourned for an hour, after ; trouble whatever, and the liquor dispelled 
which the youthful teacher of the young ideas ' my native 'timidity that otherwise might have 
ascended the rostrum. ilis own story of his \ embarrassed me. I occupied the tub about 
emotions and efforts may be acceptable. lie j twenty-five minute-. The doctor, boilincr 
says: •■ 1 was sorry they called upon me. ! over with indignation and a speech, mounted 
for 1 felt about 'half seas over' from the the tub and harangued us tor thirty minutes, 
tree and frequent use of the tin cup. 1 was i The "young school-master' was again called 
puzzled to know what to do. To decline 
would injure me in the estimation of the 

wt-ntv minute.-- closed the debate, A ri-i 

neighborhood, who were strongly m favor ^<i' cm-e vote of the company was taken, which 

the grant; and, on the other hand, if 1 at- resulted in twenty-six for the grant and four 

tempted to speak and failed from intoxication, against it. My two friend- were elected Cap- 
it would ruin me with my patrons. Soon a I tain and Lieutenant, and I am back at my 

fence-rail was slipped into the worn fence hoarding-house, ready l">r supper, with a 

near by, and a wash-tub, turned bottom up- slight headache. Strange as it may appear 

ward, placed upon it and on the neighboring none of them discovered that I was intoxicated. 

rail.-, about five feet from the "-round, as a Lucky forme tlicv did not, or 1 would doubt- 



less lose my school. I now here promise | It is possible that the foregoing incident 

myself, on this leaf of my day-book, that I 
■will not drink liquor again, except given as 
a medical prescripton." 

was the orgin of the double entendre* l 'Too 
full for utterance/' 








r-$WMSr^& times haB ] 

from its organization 
\ inclined to the support 
of the Democratic party, 
though only in recent 
fealty be- 
reliable. The vot- 
ing population crystal ized on 
party lines quite early in the 
" forties." Before that time per- 
sonal qualities and a man's stand- 
ing in the community were of 
more importance than his politics. 
While the majority of the voters 
were Democrats, a Whig was oc- 
casionally elected without occa- 
sioning surprise. 

The first clerk of the circuit court, Arthur 
McGaughey, was a Whig. He held the 
office twenty-one years; but since his day 
there has been an unbroken line of Demo- 
cratic clerks. William Lee, recorder from 
1S50 to 1855, was a Whig. In the sheriff's 
office, Edward R. Kercheval, Archibald John- 
son, Anderson Johnson, Joseph Siddens and 
Joseph Collier were Whigs, and John R. 

Mahan was a Republican. Samuel Wood- 
ruff, an early auditor, was a Republican. The 
Whig treasurers were John Gill more, Isom 
S. Wright, Samuel Woodruff and Edward 11. 
Kercheval; and Samuel E. Parks, Joseph !>. 
Sellers and Henry i\. IT.illis were elected to 
that office on Republican tickets. These 
have been the principal exceptions to the 
rule of Democratic ascendency in the county 
offices. In 1850 there was a moderate, but not 
reliable, Democratic majority, and the Whigs 
were yearly gaining. 

By the new Constitution, which took effect 
in 1852, genera! elections were directed to 
be held in October of the even numbered 
years, thereafter, instead of in August of 
every year. This was a presidential year. 
Franklin Pierce was nominated by the De- 
mocracy, and the Whigs, appearing for the 
last time as a national party, championed 
Win Held Scott. Pierce was elected by a very 
I large majority. Never was a candidate so 
' overwhelmingly beaten who had entered the 
race, with fair prospects of succeeding as Gen- 
eral Scott. In Clinton County this was the 
result of the election: Scott, 1,712; Pierce, 


1,466; Hale (Free Soil), 22; Whig plurality, 
210. At the October election preceding, a 
full State and county ticket was before the 
voters, ami nearly 3.000 votes were polled, 
the Whig majority tor Governor being 31, 
while the candidates for the county offices re- 
ceived all sorts of votes, ranging from nearly 
even to no opposition at all. In 1854 there 
was no Whig organization to speak of, and 
the Democratic majority in Putnam County- 
was nearly 400. 

The causes of the defeat of the Whigs in 
1852 are well known. The anti-slavery people 
were suspicious of the party leaders, and 
finally were completely alienated; and the 
party of Clay and Webster, falling into 
weaker hands after the death of those states- 
men, was not only defeated, but killed for 
all time. In 1854 and L855 the Republican 
party arose on its ruins and absorbed the 
strength of the Whigs, the Free-Soilers. and 
after a few years many Northern Democrats. 
In the first national campaign the Republi- 
can party put forward as its lirst standard 
bearer General John C. Fremont, the popu- 
lar Western hero, who was. however, defeated 
by the veteran statesman and politician, 
James Buchanan, nominated bv the Demo- 
cratic convention. A large vote was polled 
in this county— 3,650; of which Buchanan 
received 1,882; Fremont, 1.345, and Fill- 
more, 423; Buchanan's plurality, 537. Mil- 
lard Fillmore was the candidate of the 
America!!, or "Know Nothing'' party, an 
organization whose tenets included that, of 
opposition to the giving of suffrage and 
franchise to recently arrived foreigners, 
and also hostility to the Roman Catholic- 

The Democratic plurality of 537 was the 
largest, up to this time, given any ticket in 
Putnam County. The party had not done 
nearly so well at the October election, when 

Ashbel P. Willard's majority for Governor 
\ was in thi> county but 171, and the Repub- 
i lican candidates for some of the district and 
j county offices were successful. 

The election of 1858 was a very close one. 
! The Democratic majority on State ticket was 
! but 17, and the Republicans elected most of 
j the county officers by small majorities. 

In the memorable campaign of 1860, just 
: before our civil war, the voters of the United 
j States were called upon to choose between 
Abraham Lincoln (Republican), Stephen A. 
.Douglas (.Northern Democrat). John C. 
Breckinridge (Southern Democrat) and John 
Bell (Union). Through the disagreement of 
the Northern and Southern wings of the 
Democracy Lincoln was elected, though he 
received but two-fifths of the total vote. The 
sentiment in Putnam County was strongly 
in favor of the Northern view? of the pre- 
vailing political issues, and as a natural re- 
sult Lincoln carried the county. Most of 
the Democrats voted for Douglas. Of the 
4,119 \otes cast, 1,888 were for Lincoln; 
1,747 for Douglas; 361 for Breckinridge, and 
123 for Bell; making the Republican plural- 
ity 141. At the October election the Repub- 
lican majority for Governor was 49, and the 
result for county officers was a partial victory 
| for both sides. 

The year L862 was one of Democratic suc- 
cess in this county by about 300 majority, 
j all the way down the ticket. 

The next presidential election fell in the 
last year of the war. The Democracy placed 
i in the field George B. McClellan, in opposi- 
J tion to Lincoln, who was renominated. The 
I sentiment of the North being emphatically 
j with the administration, Lincoln was re- 
! elected. In this county he received 1,968, 
I to 2,156 for McClellan; Democratic majority, 
i 188. The October election was very close, 
j the majorities ranging from 22 (Joseph E. 


26 > 

McDonald for Governor over Oliver P. Mor- ballots tor Charles O'Coiior, the "straight 
ton) to 63 (for Representative). | out" Democratic candidate, but they were 

More even yet was the vote in 1866. The j not sufficiently numerous to influence the 
Democratic majority for Secretary of State result. Grant received an overwhelming 
was 4, and for Congressman 2. in a total vote majority, not so much by his own popularity, 
of 4,772. The Republicans elected Joseph j as from the half-heartedness of the Democn 

B. Sellers, sheriff. 

in supporting Greeley. The stay-at-homes in 
The reconstruction era brought another, Putnam County were probably 500 more than 
presidential contest En 1868. The Republi- | usual. Greeley received 2,-13.8 votes; Grant, 
cans nominated their war hero, Ulysses S. j 2,031 ; and O'Conor, 30; Greeley's plurality,' 
Grant, while the Democrats selected as their ! 407. At the October election Governor 
standard bearer the eminent New York Gov- I Hendricks' majority over Thomas M. Brown 
ernor, Horatio Seymour. The result was a j was 503, and the figures on the county tickei 
Republican victory. This county went for ; were considerably higher. 
Seymour by 34S majority, as follows: Sey- j No special interest attached to the election 
rnour, 2,493; Grant, 2,145. The figures were : of 1874. The Democratic majority on State 
not materially different at the October dec- j ticket was 600, and less on county ticket, 
tion. Since 1866 the Democratic ticket has ! ranging from 96 for coroner to 755 for 
been uniformly successful, and for twenty . sheriff. 

years there have been but slight variations in j The Centennial year brought with it a 
the total vote, or the majority of the tlomi- j political race, urierpaled in history for close- 
nant party. j negs . uk} doubtful results. The 'choice was 

In 1870 the Democratic majority reached j between Rutherford B. Have. (Republican), 
high water mark, being 718 on State ticket, j Samuel -1. Tilden (Democrat), and Deter 
It was 932 for clerk, and 640 for sheriff, but Cooper, the candidate of a new" political ele- 
only lis for treasurer (Randel over Gilmore), ment styling itself the Greenback, or National 
and 164 for auditor (Mulholn over Colliver). party. This was never very strong in Dut- 
The Republicans had made no nominations nam County, its heaviest vote being in that 
for Representative, recorder, coroner and year. That Hayes was declared elected was 
surve - vor ; _ | in no degree due t«i Putnam County, whose 

Dissatisfied with Grant's administration, a vote was: Tilden, 2.7(31: Hayes, 2,212; Peter 
number of Republicans calling themselves j Cooper, LSI; Tilden's plurality, 519.' The 
Liberals met in convention in 1872, and nom- total vote of the county was now over 5,000. 
inated. the distinguished editor and philan- | At the October election there was more than 
thropist, Horace Greeley, Grant having been ordinary interest and as full a vote was 
renominated by the Republican convention. | polled as in November, the result being 
Disheartened, or rather hoping to achieve I slightly more favorable to the Democracy, 
success by fostering a division in their rival dames D. Williams (- Blue Jeans ») received 
party, the Democratic leaders, in convention 540 more votes in the county for -Governor 
assembled, indorsed Greeley. This was very than Benjamin Harrison. The majorities on 
unsatisfactory to a large percentage of the . the county ticket were all higher, 'except for 
Democratic voters, who accordingly refused I treasurer, in which case it was 204. 
to vote on election day. A few cast their The year 187S saw smaller majorities than 



have been returned in the last twenty years 
in Putnam County. Shanldin's plurality for 
Secretary of State was 238; De La Matyr's 
or Congressman was 458, he having the 
ireenbacls vote, as well as the Democratic. 
The figures on the county ticket were: Rep- 
resentative. 237; clerk, 14; sheriff, 214; 
treasurer, 26; auditor, 173; recorder, 257; 
coroner, 220; surveyor, 190. 

General James A. Garfield, of Ohio, and 
Winfield S. Hancock, of Pennsylvania, repre- 
sented the two great parties in the presiden- 
tial campaign of 1880. The National party 
put forward General flames B. Weaver, of 
Iowa, and the Prohibitionists nominated Neal 
Dow, of Maine. Once more, but for the last 
time in a continuous line, the Republicans 
triumphed, and Garfield was inaugurated to 
enjoy for a few month? the highest office in the 
land, before his vigorous life was cut short by 
the assassin's bullet- The vote in Putnam 
County was: Hancock, 2,850; Garfield, 2,539; 
James !>. Weaver, 119; plurality for Hancock, 
311. The majorities at the October election 
were all somewhat higher, except for treasurer, 
in which case the Republican candidate lacked 
but 211 votes. 

No marked change in the political situa- 
tion was discernible in 1882. The Democrats 
had no trouble in carrying Putnam County 
by majorities varying between 441 for Secre- 
tary of State and 750 for Congressman. 

The warmly-contested campaign of 1884, 
with its disagreeable episodes and its many 
candidates, is fresli in the minds of all. First 
nominated was General Benjamin F. Butler, 
of Massachusetts, by the National party, and 
afterward by the Anti-monopoly and Labor 
conventions. The Republican convention at 
Chicago, in the month of June, nominated 
James G. Blaine, of Maine, for President, 
and John A. Logan, of Illinois, for Vice- 
President. In the same city, a month later, 

the Democratic convention selected as its 
| nominee for President, Grover Cleveland, of 
New York, and for Vice-President, Thomas 
A. Hendricks, of Indiana. The Prohibition- 
ists put forward John P. St. John, of Kan- 
sas, and played a very important part in the 
j campaign, to the delight of the Democrats, 
and the chagrin of the Republicans. In the 
! State of New York they drew to St. John 
I twenty times the number of votes by which 
j Blaine was defeated in that the pivotal State. 
j The campaign was warmly fought in Clinton 
I County, and when the smoke cleared away it 
j was found that the Democrats had carried 
j everything but county treasurer, but by re- 
' duced figures.* The vote for President was: 
• Cleveland, 2,951: Blaine, 2,574; Butler, 00; 
\ St. John, 8; Cleveland's plurality, 377. Gray, 
; for Governor, received 393 more votes than 
| Calkins. The majorities on the county ticket 
\ were all smaller, though substantial. 

In 1886 the Democratic State ticket again 
led the county ticket, the majorities on the 
former being nearly 450, and on the latter 
averaging about 300. 

The political leanings of the several town- 
j ships are as follows: 

Jackson is always strongly Democratic. 
Franklin is generally with the dominant 

Russell was a strong Whig township, and 
is now faithful to the Republican party. 
Clinton is moderately Democratic. 
Monroe is variable. 

Floyd is a very close township. It has 
been at one time a tie, and at another was 
carried by a majority of one. 
Marion is Democratic. 
Greencastle has always been reliably Re- 
publican, since that party inherited the ma- 
jorities once given to the Whigs. 
Madison is generally Democratic. 
Washington is considered a Democratic 



township, but is sometimes uncomfortably 

Warren has been a Democratic township, 
but by diminishing majorities, and it is now 
debatable ground. 

Jefferson has usually gone Republican, but 
is of late one of the close townships. 

Mill Creek is Democratic. 

Cloverdale is usually Democratic. 

Putnam County is now in the Fifth Con- 
gressional District, with Hendricks, Owen, 
Morgan, Johnson, Monroe, Brown and Bar- 
tholomew counties. This county elects a 
Senator with Montgomery and Clay counties 
(having been for a number of years previous 
to 1885 joined with Hendricks), and a Repre- 
sentative with ( 'lay County, besides having 
one Representative of its own. 


Below are given lists of the incumbents of 
the several county offices, with dates of com- 
missions. Jn most cases the time of service 
of each one extends to the date given for the 
commission of the next. 

The first justices of the peace were four in 
number—Arthur Mehorney, William Hamil- 
ton, John Hubbard and David Zwank, who 
were commissioned May 17, 1*24. The fol- 
lowing are all the additional justices com- 
missioned before 1830: Thomas Heddy, 
September 8, 1824; James Wright, Febru- 
ary 15, 1825; George Mcintosh, January 9, 
1826; Benjamin Wright. March 1, 1826; 
William Elrod, June 19, 1826; Alexander 
Galbreath, December 28, 1826; David hind- 
ley, February 12, 1827 ; John Denny, Febru- 
ary 12, 1827; Eli Brackney, May' 5, 1827; 
Joshua Gnllett, June 27, 1827; John Keel, 
October 11,1827; David Barns, December 
9, 1828. 


Arthur McGaughcy, commissioned April 

10, 1822, April 10, 1829, and April 10, 
1836 (the terms were then seven years in 
length); William S. Townsend, April 10, 
1813; Jacob McGinnis, August 28, 1850, 
and August 1, 1855; Martin McKee, Novem- 
ber 1, 1859, and August 1, 1863; Henry C. 
Priest, November 1, 1867 (died in office); 
Milford B.Eudisill, October 27, i870; Moses 
D. Bridges, November 1, 1874, and Novem- 
ber 1, 1878; John W. Lee, November 21, 
1882, and November 21. 1886 (present in- 


Arthur McGaughcy, April 10, 1822, April 
10, 1829, and April 10, 1836: David Rndi- 
sill, April 10, 1843; William Lee, April 10, 
1850; William H. Shields, November 1, 
1855; Clinton Walls, November 1. 1859, and 
November 1, 1863; John Crane, Jr.. Novem- 
ber 1, 1867. and November 1, 1871; George 
Owen. November 1, 1875; Daniel Mahoney, 
November 1, 1879, and November 1, 1883 
(present incumbent). 

William W. Mcintosh, September 8, 1822, 
and September 8, 1824; Daniel Sigler, Au- 
gust 19, 1826, and August 24. 1828; William 
W. Mcintosh, August 9, 1830 (removed 
from the county); George Secrest, March 25, 
1832; James Mosler, August 21, 1832; 
Fielding Priest, August 9, 1834; David 
Kudisill, August 14, 1836, and August 28, 
1838; Edward K. Kercheval, August 7, 1840, 
and August 1, 1N42; Archibald Johnston, 
August 21, 1S44, and August 17, 1846; 
Joseph Collier, August 22, lS4s, and August 
28, 1850; Joseph Siddens, November 2, 
1852; Anderson Johnson, November 11, 
1854; William L. Farrow, November 15, 
1856; John R. Mahan, November 15, 1858; 
William S. Collin, November 15, 186)0; John 
McKee, November 15, 1862; Green Burrow, 


November 15, 1864; John S. Applegate, 
November 17, 1866; Levi Woodrum, ap- 
pointed to till vacancy during part of 1868, 
caused by death of Applegate; George W. 
Sherrill, October 29, 1868, and October 29, 
1870; James Stone, October 29, 1872. and 
October 29, 1874; Moses T. Lewman, Octo- 
ber 29, 1876, and October 29, 1S78; James 
Brandon, October 29, 1880, and October 29, 
1882; Leander L. Louis, November 21, 1884, 
and November 21, 1886 (present incumbent). 


Samuel Woodruff, November 1, 1855, and 
November 1. 1859; Elijah Iveightley, No- 
vember 1, 1808; II. W. Daniels, appointed 
in November, 1866, to fill vacancy caused by 
resignation of Keightley; William S. Mul- 
holn, November 1, 1867, and November 1, 
1871; Harrison M. Randel, November 1, 
1875: James M. Edwards, November 1, 
1879; McCamey Hartley, November 1, 1883, 
and November 1, 1887 (present incumbent). 


James Talbott, Jr., appears as first treas- 
urer and collector, the duties of that office 
seeming, partly, to have been discharged by 
the sheriff for many years in the early history 
of the county. Samuel Woodruff succeeded 
Talbott. The treasurers since have been: 
Edward II. Kercheval, September 7, 1853; 
Isom S. Wright, September 7, 1855; John 
Gillmore, September 7, 1857, and September 
7, 1859; Samuel E. Parks, September 7, 
1861; James G. Edwards, September 7, 
1863; William E. 1). Barnett, September 7, 
1865; Joseph B. Sellers, September 7, 1867; 
John Gillmore, September 7, 1869; Harrison 
M. Randel, September 7, 1871, and Septem- 
ber 7, 1873; Richard S. Farrow, September, 
7, 1875, and September 7, 1877; Henry H. 
Hillis, September 7, 1879; William R. 

I Grogan, September 7, 1881, and September 
7, 1883; Ephraim Tucker, September 7, 
j 1885, and September 7, 1887 (present incum- 
; bent). 


Patterson, first surveyor; John Baird, 

! January 3, 1824; Robert Glide'well, Septem- 

i ber 6, 1828; William II. Shields, June 26, 

I 1831; Samuel II. Cathenvood, 1841~'43; 

William II. Shields, 1843- J 54; John Mc- 

Claskey, November 11, 1854; Lewis II. 

Rudisill, November 15, 1856; John MeOlas- 

key, November 15, 1858; Lewis II. Rudisill, 

November 15, 1860; Harrison M. Randel, 

November 15, 1862, November 15, 1864, 

November 15, I860, and November 15, 1808; 

| Philip Rudisill. October 27, 1870; Joseph 

JFrakes, October 29, 1872; William II. 

[ Hedges, November 4, 1874; George Hen- 

; dricks, November, 1870, and November 4, 

; 1878; Ransom II. Walls, November 4, 1880, 

! November 4, 1882, and November 21,1884; 

James F. O'Brien, November 21, 1886 

j (present incumbent). 


Ephraim Dukes, August 22. 1825; James 
j Dufiield, August 24. 1828; Greenberry Mul- 
! Unix, August 9. 1830, August 21," 1832, 
j August 9, 1834, August 14, 1830, and August 
I 18, 1838; William Hogue, August 7, 1840; 
' John Robinson, August 19, 1841; Green - 
I berry Mullinix, August 1, 1842; Thomas 
j Gibbs, August 21, 1844; John. W. Nance, 
| August 17, 1846, and August 22, 1848; 
j Almon \ r . Hough, August 28, 1850, and 

November 2, 1852; James C. Lynch, Novem- 
! ber 11, 1854; Andrew J. Smedley, November 
j 1, 1855, and November 2, 1857; Almon V. 
I Hough, November 15,1858; George Rickett, 

November 15, 1859; Jonathan F. Duckworth, 
j November 15, 1861; George A. Ricketts, 
J November 15, 1862; Levi Woodrum, Novem- 


ber 17. 1866; Daniel I). Ricketts, November 
17, 1868; John Lynch, November 17, 1870; 
John E. Frank, November 17, 1874, and 
November 17, 1876; Columbus F. Frazier, 
November 17, 1878; Dudley Rogers, No- 
vember 17, 188Q; Reuben False, November 
21, 1882, and November 21, 1884; Ebenezer 
W". Smythe, November 21, 1886 (present in- 


Joseph F. Farley. August 20, 1829; John 
Oowgill, December 27, 1830; George F. 
"Waterman. August 19, 1831, and September 
20, 1838 (resigned); Reese Hardesty, August 
26, 1842, and August 18, 1843 (died); 

William Lee, November 10, 1843, and 
J August 21, 1844 (resigned); Robert Glide- 
well, September 7, 1846, and August 19, 

1847. Office abolished by Constitution of 



John Sigler, September 8. 1824; William 
Elrod, April 10, 1829; David Deweese, 
April 10, 1829; William Elrod, April 10, 
1836; James Rankin, April 10, 1836; Moses 
T. Bridges, April 10, 1843; George Pearcy, 
April 10, 1843; Robert N. Allen, August 22, 

1848, and April 10, 1850; William G. Duek- 
| worth, April 10, 1850. Office abolished by 
i Constitution of 1852. 




^0^^^^:^f^j^^^fM ::: ■ :^i 


BOUT daybreak on the 

12th of April, 1861, the 

stillness of Charleston 

Bay was disturbed by 

the tiring of a large 

§§£• mortar and the shriek 

jffi of a shell as it rushed 

through the air. The shell burst 

over Fort Sn inter, and the war of 

the great Rebellion was begun. 

In the North the hope had been 
tenaciously clung to that the 
peace of the country was not to be 
disturbed. This dream was rudely 
broken by the siege of Fort Sumter. The. 
North awakened suddenly to the awful cer- 
tainty that civil war was begun. There was 
a deep feeling of indignation at the traitors who 
were willing to ruin the country that slavery 

might be secure. There was a full 


tion of the danger, and an instant universal 
determination that, at whatever cost, the na- 
tional life must be preserved. Personal sac- 
rifice was unconsidered; individual interests 
were merged in the general good. Political 
difference, ordinarily so bitter, was for the 
time almost effaced. Nothing was of inter- 

est but the question how this auda- 
cious rebellion was to be suppressed and the 
American nation upheld in the great place 
which it claimed among men. 

Two days after the fall of Fort Sumter, 
Mr. Lincoln intimated by proclamation the 
dishonor done to the laws of the United 
States, and called out the militia to the extent 
of 75.000 men. The free States responded 
enthusiastically to the call. So prompt was 
their action that on the very next day several 
companies arrived in Washington. Flushed 
bv their easily won victory, the Southrons 
talked boastfully of seizing the capital. In 
a very short time there were 50,000 loyal 
men ready to prevent that, and the safety of 
Washington was secured. 

The North pushed forward with boundless 
energy her warlike preparations. Rich men 
offered money with so much liberality that 
in a few days nearly £25,000,000 had been 
contributed. The school teachers of Boston 
dedicated fixed proportions of their incomes 
to support the Government while the war 
should last. All over the country the ex- 
cited people gathered themselves into crowd- 
ed meetings and breathed forth in fervid 



resolutions their determinations to spend for- 
tune and life in defense of the Union. Vol 
unteer companies were rapidly formed. In i 
the cities ladies began to organize themselves 
for the relief of sick and wounded soldiers. 
It had been fabled that the North would not 
light. With a fiery promptitude unknown 
before in modern history, the people sprang 
to arms. 

Putnam County had at this time about 
20.000 inhabitants. With a population 
mainly devoted to agriculture, who knew 
nothing of war except by history or tradition, 
it could hardly be expected that a warlike 
spirit would soon disturb the peaceful popu- 
lation. But we know little of the fire that 
slumbers in quiet breasts until occasion calls 
it forth. Immediately after the news was 
flashed through this country that civil war 
was begun, public excitement ran so high 
that it could no longer confine itself to pro- 
miscuous expression about the street corners, 
and people held informal and formal meet- 
ings in the city halls and country school- 
ho-jses everywhere. 


The Jirst call of President Lincoln met 
with a ready response in Putnam County, 
and the citizens were even tilled with re- 
gret that but one company could be accepted. 
Bnt many other counties, equally patriotic, 
were so remote from the capital and lines of 
railroad that they were less fortunate than 
Putnam County, which was represented by 
nearly a hundred men in the three-months' 
regiments. One entire company went to In- 
dianapolis and became Company II, Tenth 
Regiment. William Conklin was Captain of 
this company; E. Ii. Bladen, First Lieuten- 
ant, and David N. Steel, Second Lieutenant. 
These men served the entire three months in 
those positions. 


The Tenth Regiment was organized and 
mustered into service for three mouths, at 
Indianapolis, April 25, 1861, with Joseph J. 
Reynolds, formerly of the regular army, as 
Colonel. This officer being commissioned a 
Brigadier-General of Volunteers on the 10th 
of May following, Major Mahlon I). Manson 
was promoted Colonel. 

On the 19th of June the Tenth, accom- 
panied by the Eighth Regiment, left Indian- 
apolis for Parkersburg, AV< st Virginia, by 
way of Cincinnati and Marietta. Prom Par- 
kersburg the Tenth marched to Clarksburg, 
and from thence to Buckhannon. After a 
few days' rest it took up its line of march as 
part of General Roseerans' command, toward 
Rich Mountain, camping at its foot on the 
night of the 10th of July. Early the next 
morning the regiment marched by a narrow 
bridle-path a distance of nearly nine miles, 
when they were brought to a halt by the 
enemy's pickets, who tired and ran. The 
Tenth then took a position behind a hill 
until ordered to charge the enemy's works, 
which was done in gallant style, resulting in 
the rout of the enemy and the loss of his 
guns. After this the enemy were driven 
from their chosen position upon the mount- 
ain by the combined Union forces. After 
the battle the Tenth camped on the ground, 
and the next day marched for Beverly, where 
it remained in camp until the 21th of July, 
when it was ordered to Indiana. Reaching 
Indianapolis on the 28th of July, it was, in 
a few days afterward, mustered out of ser- 

The Tenth Regiment was reorganized at 
Indianapolis for the three years' service Sep- 
tember 18, 1861, and mustered in the same 
day, with Mahlon D. Manson as Colonel. 
While most of the Putnam County men in 
the tlnvr months' service re-enlisted for three 

-..'; j 


years, they went into different regiments, but ; 
few remaining in the Tenth. Lieutenant 
David N". Steel was one of these. He was 
commissioned Quartermaster September 10, 
1801, and resigned June 15, 1862. 

The Fifteenth Regiment, raised in the | 
spring of 1861, contained a few men in 
Company F from Putnam County. Frank j 
White was commissioned Captain of that j 
company May 6, 1861; promoted Major 
March 9, 1863; made Lieutenant-Colonel of I 
the Seventeenth November '-20. 1864, and 
brevetted Brigadier-General at the close of i 
the war. 

In the Sixteenth Regiment. James M. \ 
Allen, of this county, became Second Lienten- ' 
ant May 31, 1863, and First Lieutenant April ; 
9, 1864. 


In the summer of 1861 Putnam County • 
furnished an entire company for the Twenty- \ 
first Regiment, and it became Company E. 
It was organized with William M. Skelton as 
Captain; James W. Hamrick, First Lieuten- 
ant, and Eli Lilly, Second Lieutenant. Lilly 
resigned December 9, 1861, but afterward 
re-entered the service as Captain of the 
Eighteenth Battery. In the latter part of 
December, 1862. when an order came to 
transform the regiment into an artillery or- 
ganization, Captain Skelton resigned. Ham- 
rick then became Captain, Hartley First 
Lieutenant, and Joseph W. Siddons, Second 
Lieutenant. Siddons was commissioned First 
Lieutenant March 31, 1SG4, but was still 
serving as Second Lieutenant when he was 
killed on the steamer Empress, August 10, 
1864. George W. Branson became Second 
Lieutenant March 31, 1804; was promoted 
First Lieutenant September 7, after the 
resignation of Lieutenant Hartley (August 
25), and Captain November 22, 1804, the 

day after Captain Hamrick was honorably 
discharged. James A. Shirley became Second 
Lieutenant March 31, 1864, and was pro- 
moted First Lieutenant September 7. 1S04. 
William L. Albin became entitled, to wear 
shoulder-straps September 7, 1864, and was 
promoted First Lieutenant March 20, 1805. 
Harrison 11. Wright was commissioned 
Second Lieutenant September 7, 1S04, and 
Samuel \L Tinder was raised to the same 
rank March 20, 1865. 

The Twenty -first Regiment was organized 
and mustered into service as an infantry or- 
ganization, for three years, at Indianapolis, 
on the 24th of July, 1861, with James W. 
McMillan as Colonel. The following week 
it was ordered East, reaching Haiti more on 
the 3d of August, where it remained until 
February 19, LS63, during whirl! time it par- 
ticipated in Genera] Lockwood's expedition 
to the eastern shore of Virginia. The regi- 
lent sailed from Baltimore to JS'ewport 

News, from which place it embarked, on the 
4th of March, on the steamship Constitution, 
and sailed with Butler's expedition. On the 
15th of April it left Ship Island on the ship 
Great Republic, which laid off the mouth of 
the Southwest Pass during the bombardment 
of Forts St. Phillip and Jackson, after which, 
on the 29th of April, a portion of the regi- 
ment landed in the rear of St. Phillip and 
waded across to the quarantine, while the 
balance went through Pass L'Outre up the 
Mississippi to New Orleans. This portion ot 
the regiment was the first of Butler's army 
to touch the New Orleans wharf on the 1st 
of May, and immediately marched up into 
the city, the regimental band playing " Pica 
y une Butler's Coming, Coming." The Twenty- 
first then went into camp at Algiers, where 
it. remained until the 30th of May, making 
frequent forays into the interior; it also cap- 
tured many steamers in Bed River, and the 



sea-going blockade-runner Fox, at the month 
of Grand Caillou on the gulf coast. 

On the 1st of June the regiment Mas 
landed at Baton Rouge, where it remained 
until the post was evacuated. On the 5th of 
August it, participated in the battle of Baton 
Rouge, fighting fur over three and a half 
hours against an entire brigade without falter- 
ing, and sustaining a loss of 126 killed and 
wounded. Adjutant Latham and Lieutenants 
Seeley, Grinstead and Bryant were killed in 
this engagement. After tin's the regiment 
went into camp near Carrollton, and on the 
8th of September it surprised Trailer's Texas 
Rangers at Des Allemands, killing twelve 
and capturing thirty or forty prisoners. The 
Twenty-first went to Berwick's Bay in Octo- 
ber, where it remained until the latter part 
of February, 1863. During its stay in this 
section a portion of the regiment was tempo- 
rarily transferred to gunboats, and partici- 
pated in daily fights with the iron-clad 
Cotten, and accompanied Weitzel's advance 
up the Bayou Teche, taking part in the light 
at Cornet's Bridge and the destruction of the 
Cotten. Colonel McMillan being promoted 
Brigadier-General on the 29th of November, 
1S62, Lieutenant-Colonel John A. Keith was 
commissioned his successor. 

In February, 1863, the regiment was, by 
order of General Banks, changed to heavy 
artillery service, and designated the First 
Heavy Artillery, and in .July and October, 
under orders from the War Department, two 
additional companies Land M — were organ- 
ized and added to the regiment. A portion 
of the regiment accompanied General Banks 
up the Teche, and participated in the second 
battle of Camp Bisland. Subsequently the 
regiment, with the exception of two com- 
panies, was transported up the Mississippi, 
and took part in the .-iege of Port. Hudson, 
in which it distinguished itself for the re- 

| markable accuracy of its firing. The loss to 
', the regiment during the siege of forty-two 
S days and nights was twenty-eight in killed, 
I wounded and missing. On the 21st of June 
i part of one company manned a light battery 
i in a desperately contested little fight at La- 
fourche Crossing, and on the 23d of June 
most of Company F were captured at Brashear 
I City. In August three companies under 
Major Roy accompanied the expedition to 
i Sabine Pass, and engaged the enemy at that 
place. During the winter of 1863-'64 a 
large majority of the regiment re-enlisted, 
and were re-mustered as veterans at New 
Orleans. Soon after the veterans visited In- 
diana, when a grand reception was given 
them at Metropolitan Hall, Indianapolis, on 
the 19th of February, 1864, at which ad- 
dresses were made by Governor Morton, 
Mayor Caven, General Hovey and Colonels 
: dames B. Slack and John A. Keith. 

In the disastrous expedition of General 
Banks up the Bed River in March. 1864, 
companies G and II bore an active part. 

On the 12th of April, 1804, the veterans 
returned from their furlough with four hun- 
dred recruits, which filled up the regiment to 
the maximum, and entitled it to the full 
complement of officers. On the 6th of Jul) 
companies B, F, I, K and M began equipping 
for the field, and were joined at New Orleans 
by L, which had spent the winter on Mata- 
gorda Island, oil* t e Texas coast. On the 
29th of July Battery II left for Mobile Bay, 
and on the 13th of August Batteries B, F 
and Iv joined them, landing at Navy Cove, 
Mobile Point, on the 17th, where they took 
position within one thousand yards of Fort 
Morgan. They worked continuously night 
and day, in the broiling sun. aggravated by 
the glare of the white sand, until the morn- 
ing of the 2:2d. when the grand bombardment 
began, which was kept up without interim's- 


sion till the morning of the 23d at 6 (/clock, her of desertions, but after the war many of 
when the fort surrendered. Returned to New it. members availed themselved oi the faeili- 
Orleans September 4. On the 4t:h of March, ties afforded by the "French system" of fur- 
1865, eight batteries, 13, C, F, II, I, K, L and lough, 249 taking informal leave of the army. 
AL, left lor a campaign against Mobile, land- During its service the regiment traveled over 
ing at Dauphin Island and Mobile Point, 15,000 miles, and on all occasions well sus- 
where they remained until the infantry had tained the reputation of Indiana soldiers for 
driven the enemy inside their works at j gallantry and soldierly bearing. 
Spanish Fort. On the 29th proceeded to the twenty-seventh regiment. 

fort, took position on the 31st, and was 

encra-ed until the surrender of Spanish Fort Another body of Putnam County volun- 

on the 9th of April. Batteries 11, K and L j teers, raised in the summer of 1801, became 
then proceeded to Blakely, where they were Company A, Twenty-seventh Regiment. 
engaged until the capture of that point on , Abisha L. Morrison was elected Captain, but 
the evening of the 9th. On the 24th of April | immediately became Lieutenant-Colonel of 
the eight batteries all left for Mobile, where the regiment. John W. Wileoxen became 
they remained until the 24th of June, when Captain then, and served in that capacity 
they turned in their guns, and were sent to throe years. Robert B. Gillmore became 
garrison the coast forts— B and C to Fort First Lieutenant -November 19, L861, having 
Moro-an II and K to Fort Gaines, F and L been Adjutant of the regiment from Septem- 
to Barrancas, Florida, I and M to Fort Pick- her 1 till that date. lie dud October 
ens In the meantime A, E and G were at 10, 1802, of wounds received at Antietam. 
Baton Rouge, and 1) at Port Hudson. In John F. Parsons was Second Lieutenant at 

November the regiment was ordered to con- | the organization, and resigned in December 
centrate at Port Hudson to be mustered out. j following. William Vanorsdall succeeded 
On the 24th of December the regiment had j him, February 7, 1802, and was killed at An- 
il, first -rand parade of twelve batteries, and ; tietam, September 17, 1802. Samuel D. 
on the 10th of January. 1800, at Baton j Porter was the next day made Second Lieu- 
Kouge, Louisiana, it was mustered out. | tenant, and May 4. 1803, promoted First 

Departing for Indiana, it arrived at Indian- | Lieutenant. lie was honorably discharged 
apolis with 18 officers and 223 men, under I April IS. 1804. Simpson Hararick was First 
command of Captain William Bough. The Lieutenant from October 17,1802, until 
remainder of the regiment, some 700 strong, | killed at Chancellorsville, May 3, 1803. John 
preferred being finally discharged in Louisi- j R. Rankin was First Lieutenant from April 
ana, and remained in that State tor that pur- j 19, 1804, until mustered out, November 4, 
Dose. ! -t'^'o4 :- 

At its original organization the regiment i About half of Company I was also from Put- 
numbered 1,042. It received at various times ! nam County. Joel McGrew was the first Cap- 
1,777 recruits, making a grand total of 2,819. | tain, resigningin December. 1801. George W. 
Of this number 1,208 were discharged, and i Reed, the First Lieutenant at organization, 
373 killed in action or died of wounds or , was killed at Cedar Mountain, August 9, 
disease. Up to the close of the war the regi- j 1802. Josiah 0. Williams, Second Lieuten- 
mental rolls showed a remarkably small num- ] ant, was promoted Captain oi Company O, 


September 29, 1662, and resigned October 5, 
1804. Tighlman II. Nance »was commis- 
sioned Captain of Company I, September 
3, 1S62, and resigned February 13, 1863, af- 
terward becoming Captain of a company in 
the One Hundred and Fifteenth Regiment. 
George Chapin »vas commissioned Second 
Lieutenant January 1, 1863, and promoted 
First Lieutenant February 14 following. He 
was killed May 15, 1864, at Resaca, Georgia. 
The Twenty-seventh Regiment was organ- 
ized at Indianapolis, on the 30th of August, 
1S61, and was mustered into service for three 
years, at the same place, on the 12th of Sep- 
tember, 1861. Leaving the capital of In- 
diana on the 15th of September, it moved to 
"Washington City, and in the following 
month was transferred to Banks' Army of the 
Shenandoah. During the winter the rea'i- 
ment was quartered in huts at Camp Halleck, { 
near Frederick City, Maryland, from whence ! 
it moved early in March, 1862, across the j 
Potomac into the Shenandoah Valley. It 
inarched into Winchester upon the evacua- j 
tion of that place on the 9th of March, and { 
just after the battle of Winchester Heights j 
joined in the pursuit of Jackson's defeated i 
army. On the 23d of May, it was engaged 
in the battle of Front Royal, and formed part ! 
of the column that made the famous retreat 
on the Strasburg road the following day \ 
toward Winchester. Reaching Winchester : 
that night, a furious battle was fought on the 
morning of the 25th, in which the Twenty- 
seventh participated. The brigade to which | 
it was attached — Gordon's — withstood the 
assault of twenty-eight rebel regiments for 
three and a half hours, and repulsed them. 
An attempt to check a flank movement on j 
the right was gallantly seconded by the 
Twenty-seventh, but the rebels had massed j 
such a force that our army could not resist it j 
longer, and was forced to fall back into the 

town, engaging the enemy in the public 
streets. The retreat beyond Winchester was 
safely conducted, and the regiment crossed 
the Potomac at Wiliiamsport on the 26th of 

Soon after the regiment again marched into 
the Valley, and from thence to Culpeper 
Court-House via Front Royal, where it be- 
came part of Banks' Division of Pope's Army 

of Virginia. On the 9th of August the regi- 
es o o 

ment marched from Culpeper Court-House 
to Cedar Mountain, eight miles distant, and 
participated on that day in the battle of Cedar 
Mountain. After this battle it was with- 
drawn to the north side of the Rappahannock, 
and after the rebel army had forced its way 
through Thoroughfare Gap and across the 
Potomac, the regiment, as part of the Twelfth 
Corps, joined in the Maryland campaign. At 
the battle of Antietam, on the 17th of Sep- 
tember, it was actively engaged, sustaining a 
heavy loss-. After this engagement the regi- 
ment was placed on picket duty, the com- 
panies being stationed along the east bank of 
the Potomac, from Harper's P'erry to the 
mouth of the Opequan Creek. During the 
winter it moved to the vicinity of Fairfax 
Station and Stafford Court-House, and was 
not actively engaged with the enemy until 
the campaign of 1863. 

Marching with the Army of the Potomac 
across the Rappahannock, it participated in 
the great battle of Chancellorsville. On the 
3d of May it was conspicuously engaged as 
part of the Twelfth Corps, suffering a severe 
loss in killed and wounded. It next pro- 
ceeded northward in pursuit of the invading 
army of Lee, marching with the Twelfth 
Corps through Maryland and part of Pennsyl- 
vania to Gettysburg. In the decisive battle 
at this place it bore a distinguished part, par- 
ticipating in the resistance to the grand assault 
of the rebels on the 3d of July; the regiment, 


in tin's engagement, sustained heavy losses. 
After the battle it followed the retreating- 
enemy to the Potomac, after which it rested 
until September, when it was transferred to 
the West with the Twelfth Corps. Here it 
became a part of the Twentieth Corps, and 
was stationed at Tullahoma, Tennessee, dur- 
ing the fall and winter following. A portion 
of the regiment re-enlisted at Tullahoma, 
Tennessee, on the 24th of January, 1864, and 
soon after proceeded to Indiana on veteran 
furlough. Returning to the field it joined 
Sherman's army in time to participate in the 
battle of Resaca, on the 15th of May. In a 
fair open field light in this engagement, the 
Twenty-seventh defeated the Thirty-second 
and Thirty-eighth Alabama regiments, killing 
and wounding a large number, and taking 
about 100 prisoners, including the Colonel of 
the Thirty-eighth Alabama; it also captured 
the battle-flag of that regiment. The loss to 
the Twenty-seventh was sixty-eight killed 
and wounded. 

The regiment participated in the marching 
and in all the skirmishes, battles and assaults 
of Sherman's army in its Atlanta campaign, 
and upon its conclusion moved with the army 
to Atlanta. On the 4th of November, 1804, 
the non-veterans were mustered out of ser- 
vice, and the veterans and remaining recruits 
were transferred to the Seventieth Regiment. 
After the consolidation the men of the old 
Twenty-seventh served with the Seventieth 
Regiment in the campaign through Georgia 
and the Carolinas, and on the muster out of 
that organization were transferred to the 
Thirty-third, in which they continued to serve 
until the 21st of July, 1865, when the Thirty- 
third was mustered out of service at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. Returning home with that 
organization, the veterans and recruits of the 
Twenty-seventh were soon after finally dis- 

The Thirty-first Regiment, raised in the 
autumn of 1861, had a few Putnam County 
men in Company C. George M. Noble was 
Adjutant of the regiment from January 24, 
1863, until September 12, 1864, when he was 
made Captain of Company C. lie resigned 
June 12, 1865. 


This regiment, raised in the autumn of 
1862, contained two companies and a part of 
another from Putnam County — more than 
any other regiment during the war. Among 
the regimental officers were these from Put- 
nam County — William L. Farrow, Major 
from October 22, 1861, to February 16, 1862, 
and Lieutenant-Colonel from the latter date 
until discharged, July 16, 1863 (he afterward 
re-entered the service as Lieutenant-Colonel 
of the Seventy -eighth Regiment); Milton J. 
Cooper, Adjutant from October 10, 1861, for 
three year.-; Alfred Burley, Quartermaster 
from January 20, 1862, until his resignation, 
February 28, 1862; William W. Payne, 
commissioned Quartermaster May 26, 1864, 
but mustered out as Sergeant of Company 13; 
Milton II. Darnall, Assistant Surgeon from 
October 22, 1861, till May 30, 1862, and 
Surgeon from May 30, 1862, until his death, 
September 16, 1862, at Cairo, Illinois; Ham- 
ilton E. Ellis, Surgeon from October 9, 1862, 
until he resigned June 18, 1863; Gonsalvo 

C. Smith, Assistant Surgeon from August 30, 
1862, to June 18, 1863, and Surgeon from 
June 18, 1863; Christopher F. Bogle, As- 
sistant Surgeon from October 22, 1864, till 
he resigned, November 7, 1864; and Thomas 

D. Sweeney, Assistant Surgeon from Decem- 
ber 13, 1864. 

Company B was from the northern part of 
the county. It organized September 10, 
1861, with Francis M. Darnall as Captain, 
Samuel S. Carrington as First Lieutenant, 

THE clYll, WAR. 2TSJ 

ami Marmaduke II. Darnall as Second Lieu- and Captain of Company C, October 21. 1S64. 

tenant. Carrington resigned May 6, 1862, Wallace L. Daggy became. Second Lieutenant 

and Captain Darnall May 12, 1862. Lieu- October 14, 1*64. First Lieutenant October 

tenant Darnall then received two promotions, 22, 1864, Captain January 11, l s *'»5. and was 

and was Captain until he died, April 80, mustered out with the regiment. James E. 

1864, of wounds. Lafayette Darnall sue- Lilley was commissioned Second Lieutenant 

ceeded Marmaduke if. Darnall as Second October 22, 1864, First Lieutenant January 

Lieutenant, and resigned December 2, 1862. 11, 1865, and was mustered out as such with 

Alexander M. Scott was First Lieutenant the regiment. Daniel Sullivan having suceeed- 

from May 13. 1862, till he resigned. April 1. ed tu the Second Lieutenancy. 

1864. Alfred M. Burk was commissioned! The Forty-third Regiment was organized at 
Second Lieutenant December 3, 1862. and re- : Torre Haute on the 27th of September, 1S61, 
signed [lie 1st of March, 1864. William L. with George K. Steele as Colonel. Soon after 
Yelton was made First Lieutenant April 2, its muster into service it moved to Spotts- 
L864, and Captain May 1. 1864. Tucker W. ville, Kentucky, and from thence to Calhoun, 
Williamson was First Lieutenanl after Do- where it remained in camp until the latter 
comber 17. 1804, having previously served part of February, 1862. !? was then trans- 
two months as Second Lieutenant. James ferred to. Missouri and attached to General 
E. Burks was the last to hold the latter rank Pope's army, engaging in the siege of New 
in this company. Madrid and Island No. 10. It was after- 

In Company 0, John W. Cooper was Cap- ward detailed on duty with Commodore 

tain from October 21, 1864, and Harvey R. Foote's gunboat .flee; in the reduction of Fort 

Lyon Second Lieutenant from March 18, Pillow, serving sixty-nine days in that cani- 

1865. paign. Tin- Forty-third was the first Union 
Company 11 was from the central and regiment to land in the city of Memphis, and 

southern parts of the county, and organized with the Forty-sixth Indiana constituted the 

October 2, 1861, with William Lane as Cap- entire garrison, holding that place for two 

tain, Alfred Hurley as First Lieutenant, and weeks until reinforced. 

Moses Grooms as Second Lieutenant. Bur- In July, 1862, the Forty : third was ordered 

ley was assigned as regimental Quartermas- up White River, Arkansas, and subsequently 

ter, January 20,1862. Moses Grooms re- to Helena. In December it marched to 

signed, May 6, 1862, and was succeeded by Grenada, Mississippi, with Hovey's expedi- 

Tarvin 0. Grooms, who in turn resigned tion, and on its re! urn to Helena accom- 

October 18 following. William EAYhitridge panied the expedition to Yazoo Pass. At 

was commissioned Second Lieutenant Sep- the battle of Helena, on the 4th of July. 

ternber 10. 1862, First Lieutenant March 4, L863, the regiment was especially distin- 

1863, Captain July 0. 1868, and was mus- guished, alone supporting a battery that was 

tered out December 1, 1864. Milton W. three times charged by the enemy, repulsing 

Woodruff was commissioned Second Lieuten- each attack, and, finally, capturing a full 

ant March 4, 1*03. First Lieutenant July 6, rebel regiment larger in point of numbers 

1863, and resigned February 27, L864. John than its own strength. 

W.Cooper became Second Lieutenant June It took an active part in General Steele's 

6, 1863, First Lieutenant February 28, L864, campaign against Little Rock, and aided in 


the capture of that place. On the 1st of i tenant-Colonel, and Albert G. Preston, Snr- 
January, 1864, the regiment re-enlisted at j goon, of the Fifty-fifth Regiment, which 
Little Rock, the veterans re-mustered, num.- contained three companies (D, I and K) 
bering about 4(H). In March it moved with | from Putnam County. Silas P. Jones 
the expedition of General Steele from Little j was Captain of Company I), Milton 
Rock, which was intended to co-operate j A. Osborn, First Lieutenant; and Daniel 
with Hanks' lied River expedition, and was j Ricketts, Second Lieutenant. Company I 
in tlte battles at Elkins' Ford, Jenkins' Ferry, | was raised in the vicinity of Fillmore. 
Camden and Marks' Mills, near Saline River, j James B. Harrah was Captain, William A. 
At the hitter place, on the 30th of April, the j Grigsby, First Lieutenant, and Edward 1 Jan- 
brigade to which it was attached, while ! hour, Second Lieutenant. Company K came 
guarding a train of 4-00 wagons returning j from the neighborhood of Putnamville. 
from Camden to Pine Bluffs, was furiously dames T. Layman was Captain, Estes II. 
attacked by about 0,000 of Marmaduke's cav- ! Layman, First Lieutenant, and William II. 
airy. The Forty-third lost nearly 200 in j Young. Second, Lieutenant. 
killed, wounded and missing in this engage- | The Fifty-fifth Regiment was organized at 
menr. Among the captured were 10-4 of the Indianapolis, under special orders, and mus- 
re-enlisted veterans. tered into service for three mouths, on the 

After its return to Little Rock the regi- 16th of June, 1862, with John R. Malian as 
incut proceeded to Indiana, on veteran fur- ; Lieutenant-Colonel, who continued to com- 
lough, reach ing Indianapolis on the 10th of j mand it until its final discharge. It was 
flunv. Upon its arrival the regiment volun- | assigned to the duty of guarding the Fort 
teered to go to Frankfort, Kentucky, then Dune] son prisoners at Camp Morton, where 
threatened by Morgan's cavalry, and remained it remained until August and then proceeded 
there until the rebel forces left Central Ken- to Kentucky, with other troops sent there to 
tucky. On its return the regiment had a resist the invasion of General Kirby Smith. 
skirmish with Jesse's guerrillas near Eini- The regiment remained on duty in Central 
nence, Kentucky. | Kentucky until the expiration of its term of 

Upon the expiration of its veteran fur- : service, when it returned to Indianapolis, 
lough the regiment was not returned to the i where it was mustered out. 
field, but placed on duty at Indianapolis, and i A few men from Putnam County joined 
for nearly a year was engaged in guarding : the Fifty-ninth Regiment. Jesse M. Lee 
the rebel prisoners at Camp Morto i. After j became Second Lieutenant September 4, 1862, 
the war was over it, was one among the first ; First Lieutenant December 10, 1862, and 
regiments mustered out, which ceremony took Captain (Company I>) .May 1, 1863. Edward 
place June 14,1865. Of the 164 men cap- | Livingston was commissioned Second Lieu- 
tured from this regiment in Arkansas and ; tenant of Company I August 18, 1862, and 
taken to the rebel prison at Tyler, Texas, ten j dismissed July 15, 1863. 
or twelve died, and the others, returning to 

7 v ,. . , r , <0 />!- i I SEVENTY-FIRST (SIXTH CAVALRY) REGIMENT. 

Indianapolis in March, 1865, were subse- ! v 

quently discharged with the regiment. This regiment, which was raised during 

fifty-fifth regiment. ! the summer and autumn of 1802, contained 

.John R. Mahan, of Greencastle, was Lieu- J a large number of Putnam Couoty volun- 


teers. Among the general officers were; and twenty-five of the regiment escaped cao- 
Courtland C. Matson, Adjutant from July 19, | ture. The captured oineer.s and men were 
1862, to Decemher 18, 1862, Lieutenant paroled, and the regiment returned to Terre 
Colonel from the latter date to July 1. 1805, Haute, where it was reorganized and refitted 
and then commissioned Colonel, though mus- I for service. Captain .fames Middle, of the 
tered out as Lieutenant-Colonel; William Fifteenth Infantry, U. S. A., was commis- 
Conklin, Major from August 18,1862, and sioned Colonel of the regiment, and after the 
killed at battle of .Richmond, Kentucky, An- I paroled prisoners were declared exchanged, 
gust 30, 1862; William A. .Brown, Adjutant the regiment again left for Kentucky. On 
from Decemher 13, L802, and mustered out the 27th of Decemher, 400 men and officers 
August 14-, 1865; and Edward R. Kereheval, | of the regiment were sent to Muldraugh's 
Quartermaster from July 10, 1862, resigned . Hill to guard trestle-work, and on the follow- 

January 16, 1863. 

no- day thev were attacked ]. 

Company C, from this county, was organ- : -LOGO rebels, under command of General John 
ized with James II. Sands as Captain. Joseph ; if. Morgan, and after an engagement of an 
A. Standeford as First Lieutenant, and John hour and a half wen- surrounded and cap- 
Hansel as Second Lieutenant. Standeford tured. The regiment then returned to En- 
resigned October 21, 1864, and Hansel was dianapolis, where it remained until the 26th 
promoted. The latter was made Captain of! of August, 1863. 

Company II January 1, 1865, and John S, j On the 23d of February, 1863, an order 
Applegate succeeded him as First Lieuten- j was issued by the Secretary of War author- 
ant, while Alfred Watson was made Second ' izing the Seventy-first to be mounted and 
Lieutenant. Samuel W. Sherfey went out as j changed into a cavalry organization. The 
First Lieutenant of Company It, and Sep- two additional companies (L and M) were 
tember 6, 1864, became Captain. Andrew organized and .mustered into service as fol- 
J. Rockwell went out as First Lieutenant of lows: Company i. September 1, 1863, and 
Company F, and was promoted Captain De- Company M October 12, L803. The reo-i- 
cember 5, 1862. lie resigned January 13. ment was then sent into Fas! Tennessee, and 
1863. engaged in the siege of Knoxville, mm in the 

The Seventy-first Regiment was organized active operations against General Longstreet, 
at Terre Haute in duly and August, 1862, on the Holston and Clinch rivers, losing many 
and mustered into service as an infantry or- men in killed and wounded. In the spring 
ganization at Indianapolis on the 18th of j of 1864 it was ordered to Mount Sterling, 
August, 1862, with Melville D. Topping as | Kentucky, to be remounted, and afterward 
Lieutenant-Colonel. It was stmt immedi- j was stationed at Nicholasville, Kentucky. 
ately to the field in Kentucky, to assist in re- j On the 29th of April, 1884,.-it left N im- 
pelling the invasion of Kirhy Smith. On i olasville for Georgia, marched over the Cum- 
the 30th of August it was engaged in the j berland Mountains and joined General 
battle of Richmond, Kentucky, in which ac- Sherman's army, then in front of Dal ton, on 
Hon Lieutenant-Colonel Topping and Major the 11th of May. It was at once assigned to 
Oonkl in were killed. The loss to the regi- the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Ohio, 
ment was 215 officers and men killed and ; commanded by General Stoneman, serving in 
wounded, and 347 prisoners. Two hundred ; the Second Brigade, under command of 



Colonel Biddle. The Sixth Cavalry, during 
the Atlanta campaign, participated in all the j 
cavalry operations, and was engaged in the 
battles of Resaca, Cassvillc, , Kenesaw Mount- j 
ain and other engagements. It aided in the j 
capture of Allatoona Pass, and was the first to j 
take possession of and raise the flag upon i 
Lost Mountain. On the 27th of July the \ 
regiment started with General Stoneman on 
his raid to Macon, Georgia, and in that expo- j 
dition it lost 166 men and officers in killed, \ 
wounded and captured. 

On the 28th of August the regiment left 
Marietta, Georgia, and returned to Nashville 
to be remounted and equipped. Early in 
September a part of the regiment was sent in 
pursuit of General Wheeler. On the 24th 
of September ir left Nashville with Crox- 
toivs cavalry division to assist in repelling 
tlu- invasion of Middle Tennessee by Forrest. 
The expedition was commanded by General 
Rousseau, and was absent from Nashville 
twenty -one days, having fought and defeated 
Forrest at Pulaski, Tennessee, on the 27th of 
September, and pursued him to Florence and 
Waterloo, Alabama. In the engagement at 
Pulaski the Sixth Cavalry lost twenty-three 
men in killed and wounded. 

Ou the 1st of November the regiment 
starred by railroad t<> Dalton, Georgia, where 
it remained until the 26th of that mouth, when 
it returned to Nashville. On the 15th and 
16th of December it participated in the bat- 
tle in front ol Nashville, and after the repulse 
of Mood's army immediately followed in 
pursuit of the retreating enemy. Returning 
to Nashville, it remained there until the 1st 
of April, 1865, when it moved to Pulaski 
with the Second Brigade, Sixth Division of 
the Cavalry Corps of the Military Division 
of the Mississippi. 

On the 17th of June, 1865, the portion of 
the regiment whose terms of service would 

expire prior to October 1, 1865, were mus- 
tered out of service at Pulaski, Tennessee. 
On the 27th of June. 1865, the remaining 
recruits of the Sixth Cavalry were consoli- 
dated with the remaining recruits of the Fifth 
Cavalry, and the new organization thus 
formed (consisting of nine companies) was 
designated the Sixth Indiana Cavalry. The 
regiment left Pulaski for Indianapolis with 
425 men for discharge. On reaching the 
State capital it was publicly welcomed home, 
on the 21st of June, with other regiments, 
and addressed by Governor Morton, General 
llovey and others, from the reception stand 
in the State house grove. 

The reorganized regiment remained in ser- 
vice in Middle Tennessee, under command of 
Colonel Courtland C. Matson, until the 15th 
of September, 1865, when it was mustered 
out of service at Mnrfreesboro, and returned 
home with 631 men and thirty-two officers. 
On reachincr Indianapolis it. was present at a 
reception given to returned troops in the 
capi.tol grounds, on which occasion Lieuten- 
ant-General Grant was present. After a re- 
ception speech by Governor Morton, General 
Grant was introduced and briefly addressed 
the soldiers and citizens. 


William L. Farrow commanded this regi- 
ment as Lieutenant-Colonel. Two companies 
were from Putnam County, officered as 
: follows: Company B Captain, Alfred J. 

1 Ilawu; First Lieutenant, "William M. Byerly; 
Second Lieutenant, Charles P.Winn; Com- 
' pany A - - Captain, Robert E. Smith; 
First Lieutenant, Benjamin Pritchard; 
i Second Lieutenant, William II. Munson. 
I Guerrilla raids becoming frequent on our 
I borders during the summer of 1862, and 
I sixty days' volunteers being tendered to the 
I Executive, an organization composed of six 



companies was accepted, which rendezvoused j 
at Indianapolis, with William L. Farrow as | 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and was mustered into j 
the service '-August 5, 1862. The organiza- 
tion was designated as the Seventy-eighth j 
Regiment, armed, equipped, and stationed at 
Evansville, where it performed guard duty, 
and made several expeditions into Kentucky 
in pursuit of guerrillas. In one of these 
affairs a portion of the regiment was captured, 
and paroled at Uniontown, Kentucky, and 
Lieutenant Howard, of Company C, killed. 
The regiment also was employed in picket 
duty along the border during its term of 


Company D, of this regiment, was from 
Putnam County, and was orgauized late in 
the summer of 1862, with the following 
officers: James J. Smiley, Captain; Joseph 
W. Piercy, First Lieutenant, and William 
II. Sherfey, Second Lieutenant. Piercy re- 
signed November 11, 1862, and his grade 
was filled by the promotion of Sherfey, 
whose place was taken by John W. Busby. 
Lieutenant Sherfey was transferred to the 
Signal Corps, and Joseph L. Friend became 
First Lieutenant. Lieutenant Busby resigned 
April 27, 1864, and James Siuer was promoted 
to the vacancy thus created. 

The Ninety-seventh Regiment was organ- 
ized in the Seventh Congressional District, 
during the month of August, rendezvoused 
at Torre Haute, and was mustered into the 
service on the 20th day of September, 1862, 
with Robert F. Catterson as Colonel. Soon 
after its muster the regiment proceeded to 
Memphis, Tennessee, and upon its arrival 
there was assigned to the Third Brigide, 
First Division, Seventeenth Army Corps. 
The regiment was assigned to duty near 
Memphis, and accompanied General Grant's 

movement toward Vicksburg by the over- 
land route. But the disaster at Holly Springs 
delayed the movement and rendered it un- 
successful. The regiment then returned 
to Moscow, Tennessee, and were on dnty at 
that place until it joined General Sherman's 
army, then in the rear of Vicksburg, near the 
Big Black River, watching the movements of 
the rebel General Johnston, who with a large 
army threatened to break our investing lines 
and raise the siege of Vicksburg. 

On the 4th of July, 1863, Vicksburg sur- 
rendered, and Sherman's column at once 
pushed for Jackson, marching fifty miles, 
through dust and heat, in a country almost 
destitute of water, to meet the foe. Our 
advance reached the works in front of Jaek- 
son on the 9th, and soon invested the place. 
Constant skirmishing took place, the regi- 
ment taking an active part, until the 16th, 
when the enemy evacuated, and our army 
entered the city. The regiment then returned 
to the Big Black and rested for a short time. 

On the 13th of September, orders were 
sent to Generals Grant and Sherman, at 
Vicksburg, to send all available forces to 
Corinth and Tuscnmbia, to co-operate with 
General Rosecrans in case Bragg should 
attempt to turn Rosecrans' right flank, and 
invade Tennessee. In accordance with these 
orders the regiment moved with its division 
to Memphis, and on the 27th of October the 
advance of our corps entered Tuscuinbia, 
Alabama. The column then pushed on 
toward Bridgeport, and after a march of 
over four hundred miles, with no rest for 
three successive nights, crossed the Tennes- 
see River and took part in the battle of 
Chattanooga on the 25th of November. The 
regiment took an active part in this battle. 
Immediately after the battle of Chattanooga 
the army of General Sherman moved to the 
relief of General Burnskle, in East Tennessee, 

:Js | 


which result was accomplished. The Ninety - 
seventh marched with the column over one 
hundred miles. The regiment then returned 
with its corps to Scottsboro, Alabama, and 
remained there until the opening of the 
Atlanta campaign, in May, 1801. 

On the 0th of May the Armv of the Ten- 

assault. On the 2d of July MePherson 
moved to Turners' Ferry, and threatened the 
enemy's rear. The rebels at once abandoned 
their position on Kenesaw, and fell back to 
Smyrna Church. 

On the 9th the rebel army crossed the 
Chattahoochee River. Our armv moved in 

nessee, commanded by General MePherson, ! pursuit, and on the l*th the advance of our 
was near Gordons Mill, on Chi ckamauga j corps reached the Augusta railway, seven 
Creek. The Ninety-seventh belonged to the j miles east of Decatur, destroyed the works 
Third Brigade, Fourth Division. Fifteenth ( and then marched toward Decatur. On the 
Army Corps, under command of General ! 22d the enemy made a fierce assault along 
John A. Logan, and was a portion of the ! our whole front, and after a terrific and 
Army of Tennessee. On the 8th MePherson j sanguinary battle, were repulsed. In the 
reached Snake ('rock Gap, and the next dav ! battle the brave and noble General MePher- 

a I 

•t distance 

of \\ 

d. On the 27th General O. O. 

approaeiK.'ti winnn : 

but finding that place strongly fortified, < Howard assumed command of the Army of 

retired to the Gap. On the 12th the whole j the Tennessee, in winch the regiment had so 

army moved on Re-saca, and General MePher- | long been serving. 

s<>n occupied a ridge of bald hills, with his On the morning of the 28th of duly, 

right resting on the Oostanaula 

his left abreast of the town. G 

Phcrson made a lodgment close to the 

enemy's works, driving the rebel General 

r, and j Logan's Fifteenth Corps formed die extreme 
il Mc- right Hank of the army before Atlanta, being 
in position along a wooded and commanding 
ridirc. At noon the rebel armv sallied forth 

Polk's corps from the hill that commanded from Atlanta and advanced in parallel lines 
the railroad ami bridge.-.. Other portions of ; against the Fifteenth Corps, with the hope 
the arm}- pressing on, resulted in the battle I of crushing it. The rebel attack was met 
of Resaea, on the Mth and 15th of May, the with a severe and galling fire and driven back 
regiment being engaged. The enemy was j in confusion. Rallying, he essayed another 
defeated, and retreated during the night. | assault, but was firmly nn t and cheeked, 

The corps to which the regiment was imtii at four o'clock in the afternoon, after a 
attached moved in pursuit by the way of j desperate struggle, he was utterly routed, 
.Lay's Ferry, and crossed the river at that { and fell back to his entrenchments at Atlanta, 
point. On .the 27th the enemy was again j General Logan's Fifteenth Corp?, to which 
encountered, at Dallas, and repulsed, the the regiment was attached, was conspicuous in 
Ninety-seventh taking part in the fight. On ; this battle, being chiefly engaged in the fight, 
the 1st of -1 une an encounter took place with j On the 29th of August the Ninety-seventh 
the enemy at New Hope Church, and on the 1 moved with its corps on the flanking march 
loth a sharp affair was had at Big Shanty, around Atlanta, and was engaged in the 
the regiment being engaged. On the 27th battle of Jonesboro on the 21st. On the 1st 
an assault was made upon the enemy's works ! of September it reached Lovejoy's Station, 
on Kenesaw Mountain, which resulted A\^- \ and, upon the evacuation of Atlanta, returned 
astroHsry, the regiment being engaged in the I to East Point, where it encamped. 


28 ■> 

On the 3d of October tlie regiment joined 
in the pursuit of Hood, and had a sharp light 
at Little River, Georgia, on the 26th. It 
then returned to its old camp. 

On the 12th of November the regiment 
started with the right wing of Sherman's 
army on its march to the sea. On the 22d 
it participated in a tight at Griswoldville, 
Georgia, repulsing a large body of the 
enemy. On the 8th of December it was 
again engaged at Little Ogeechee River, and 
on the 21st entered the city of Savannah. 
The regiment rested a short time at Savan- 
nah, and then moved with Sherman's army 
through the Carolinas, being present at the 
capture of Columbia, South Carolina, on the 
15th of February, 1865, and at the battle of 
Bentonville, North Ga-olina, on the 21st of 
March. It then moved to Goldsboro, and 
thence marched by the way of Richmond, 
Virginia, to Washington City, District of 
Columbia, where, on the 9th day of June, 
1865, the Ninety-seventh Regiment was 
mustered out of the service of the United 

The regiment has lost in killed 4P>, wounded 
140, died of disease 149. It has lost three 
color bearers, killed in important assaults on 
the 15th and 27th of June, 1804. The regi- 
ment has marched over 3,000 miles. 

A iters its muster out the regiment pro- 
ceeded to Indianapolis, and was welcomed 
by an ovation in the State House grounds, on 
the 13th of dune, and addressed by Governor 
Morton and General Ilovcy, After which 
the regiment ceased to exist as an organiza- 
tion, and its members went home to enjoy in 
peace the lienors they had so fairly won. 


Company ( !, of this regiment of "minute 
men,'" was from Putnam ( 'ounty,and officered 
as follows: Edward R. Bladen, Captain; 

I William II. Munson, First Lieutenant; Abel 
I Tyler, Second Lieutenant. Of the regimental 
officers, these were from Putnam County: 
Robert E. Smith, Major; William Spurgeon, 
Adjutant; and Marshall A. Moore, Quarter- 

The One Hundred and Fifth Regiment 
i was composed of seven companies of the 
! Legion, and three of Minute Men. Henry 
| County furnished two companies, Randolph 

| two, and Union, Putnam. Hancock, Wayne, 

• ' ■ 

| Clinton and Madison counties, each one 

\ company. The companies of the Legion 
| were named as follows: A, Union Guards; 
! 1), Union Defenders: D, Liberty Tigers; E, 
I Hancock Guards: F, Abington Home Guards; 
| G, Union Guards; U. Green Township 
! Rangers. The regiment was organized on 
! the 12th of July, 1803, and contained an 
i aggregate of 713 rank and file, with Kline G. 
I Shryock as Colonel. It at once left Indi- 
anapolis for Lawreneeburg. Upon reaching 
I Morris Station the command disembarked 
I from the ears, and, throwing out pickets, 
| bivouacked for the night. Next morning 
j the inarch was made to Sunman's Station, 
where great alarm existed among the citizens, 
caused by the approach of the enemy. The 
j regiment pushed on to Van Wedden's Sta- 
tion, where the rebels were reported to be, 
but found that the enemy had left, after 
destroying the railroad. The regiment 
joined in the pursuit of Morgan, until near 
Harrison, Ohio. It then marched to Law- 
renceburg. There being a report that Mor- 
gan's forces were returning to capture- 
Lawrenceburg, the regiment moved out to 
check him, and while getting into position an 
1 indiscriminate tiring took place among the 
| men, resulting in killing eight ami wounding 
twenty. The regiment returned to Indianap- 
; olis on the 18th of duly, LS03, and was 
i mustered out. 



John R. Mahan, Alfred J. Hawn and 
o sorge W. Whitworth, all of this county, 
were respectively Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel 
rid Quartermaster of this regiment. Com- 
panies C, II and I were from Putnam County. 
fighlman II. Nance was Captain, James T. 
Layman, First Lieutenant, and Estes H. Lay- 
man, Second Lieutenant of Company C, from 
the southern part of the county. James B. 
Earrah was Captain and Charles A. Mathews 
First Lieutenant of Company II, raised in 
the eastern part of the county. Tarwin C. 
Grooms was First Lieutenant of Company 
F from November 15, 1863. William H. 
Allison was Captain, William A. Fordyce, 
First Lieutenant, and Abram J. Biddle, Sec- 
ond Lieutenant, of Company I, from Green- 
castle and vicinity. 

In June, 1863, the President made a requi- 
sition on the Governor of Indiana for a num- 
ber of regiments for six months- service, and 
a call was made for one regiment from each 
Congressional District. When the call was 
issued, a harvest was near at hand, and a 
great deficiency of labor was likely to be 
experienced in the agricultural districts, caus- 
ing delay and an abatement in enlistments, 
so that only four regiments were organized. 

Tiie One Hundred and Fifteenth Regiment 
was organized at Indianapolis on the 13th of 
August, 1863, and mustered into service on 
the 17th of the same month, with John R. 
Mahan as Colonel. On the 16th of Septem- 
ber it left the Capital and proceeded through 
Central Kentucky to Nichplasville, where it 
joined the command of General O. B. Wil- 
cox, then on its way to East Tennessee. By 
his order the four regiments of six months' 
men were placed in a brigade, and Colonel 
Mahan assigned to the command of the same, 
after which Lieutenant-Colonel A. J. Hawn 
had the immediate command of the regiment. 

On the 24th of September the regiment 
moved with its brigade from Nicholasville 
for Cumberland Gap, passing through Crab 
Orchard, Mount Vernon, London and Bar- 
boursville, Kentucky, and reaching Cumber- 
land Gap on the 3d of October. Remaining 
there till the 6th, it then marched southward, 
passing through Tazewell and crossing the 
Clinch River, Clinch Mountains and Ilolston 
River, and entering Morristown on the 8th. 
On the 10th the regiment reached Blue 
Springs, when the enemy was engaged and 
driven from his position on a commanding 
hill, and then pursued some fifteen miles. 
j The regiment then moved to Greenville, 
J where it remained until the 6th of Novem- 
J ber, when it marched to Bull's Gap, where 
j it was engaged for some time in fortifying 
j the mountain passes. While here the com- 
j maud suffered for want of food and clothing, 
! the men subsisting on quarter rations, with- 
out sugar or coffee, and frequently living on 
parched corn. Many of the soldiers were 
thinly clad, and without shoes, and their suf- 
ferings from exposure to the cold were ex- 
ceedingly severe. 

From Bull's Gap the regiment moved to 
Clinch Gap and Clinch River, reaching Syca- 
more about the middle of December, from 
whence it marched to Walker's Ford. Dur- 
ing the winter the One Hundred and Fif- 
teenth was kept on duty in the mountains of 
East Tenneseee, marching, almost shoeless, 
over rough roads, and enduring many hard- 
ships. The result of this campaign was, that 
the hospitals at Cumberland Gap were tilled 
with sick and exhausted soldiers, who were 
subsequently transferred to Camp Nelson, 
and from thence sent to Louisville and In- 

Returning to Indianapolis for discharge on 
the 10th of February, the regiment was pub- 
licly welcomed by the citizens at a reception 



meeting held in the State House grounds on 
the 12th of February, 1864, and addressed 
by Governor Morton, General Carrington and 
Mayor Caven, to which responses were made 
by Lieutenant-Colonel llawn and Chaplain 
Snmmerbell. In a few days, afterward the 
regiment was finally discharged from service. 


Company F, of this regiment, was organ- 
ized February 1, 1864. with Elisha Cowgill 
as Captain, Abel Tyler as First Lieutenant 
and Joseph M. Donnohue as Second Lieuten- 
ant, < laptain Cowgill resigned July 10, 180-4, 
Lieutenant Donnohue was made Captain, and 
Charles O. Wagoner raised to the Second 


The One Hundred and Twenty-third Regi- 
ment was recruited during the winter of 1803 
and [804, from the Fourth and Seventh 
Congressional Districts, rendezvoused at 
Greensburg, and was mustered into service 
on the 9th of March, 1864, with John C. 
McQniston as ('(.loud. On the 18th the 
regiment left for Nashville, and upon arriv- 
ing there was assigned, to the Second Brigade, 
First Division, Twenty-third Army Corps. 
On the 4th of April the regiment marched 
with it.- division for Charleston, Tennessee, 
and. after twenty days steady marching, 
readied that place and camped. 

On the 3d of May the regiment marched 
with its corps on the campaign against At- 
lanta, passing through Cleveland, Tennessee, 
and lied Clay, Georgia, and on the 9th was 
engaged on Rocky Face Ridge. The Second 
Brigade was on the extreme left of Sherman's 
army, and facing a conical peak surmounted 
by heavy guns and surrounded by formidable 
works at its base. A detachment, supported 
by the One Hundred and Twenty-third and 

j One Hundred and Thirtieth Indiana, charged 
j and captured this position and drove the 
j enemy into his works at Rocky Face Ridge. 
| On the 14th the regiment moved with its di- 
: vision through Snake Creek Gap, and on the 
i day following moved to the extreme left of 
the army, arriving in time to take part in 
the battle of Resaca, and received and re- 
pulsed a dashing assault of the enemy on our 
j exposed flank. The enemy retreated during 
i the night, and the regiment joined in the 
I pursuit, passing through Resaca, Calhoun 
' and Cassville, skirmishing almost constantly 
i with the enemy's rear guard. On the 24th 
I the regiment crossed Etowah River and ad- 
vanced to the support of General Hooker 
! near Dallas. During the last week of May, 
j a detachment of rebel cavalry captured a por- 
i tion of the division supply train and several 
| men belonging to the regiment. 
j The month of June opened with heavy 
i rains, which flooded our camps, almost de- 
: stroyed the country roads, and spread disease 
among the men. Rations were short for want 
| of transportation, and the men worn out by 
marching, lighting and exposure. On the 
| 9th of June the Second Brigade was traris- 
! ferred to the Second Division (II ascalFs) of 
the same corps. On the 12th the regiment 
I was detailed to guard the ordnance train. 
! and on the 16th joined its brigade. 

The enemy held position near Lost Mount- 

I ain, and the second division was ordered to 

! dislodge him. Early on the morning of the 

17th the command advanced in line of battle, 

j its front covered by a strong skirmish line, 

driving the enemy for some distance, until 

j within range of his artillery. A furious fire 

l of grape and canister tore through our ranks, 

j but, with a yell, the line charged, drove the 

; enemy from position, and captured many 

prisoners. The regiment lost one killed and 

' twelve wounded in this battle. 



On the 23d Hood's rebel corps was demon- 
strating on the Sandtown road, near Pine 
Mountain, threatening the flank of the 
Twentieth corps, llascall's division moved 
rapidly to the threatened point. The regi- 
ment had scarcely got into position, when 
heavy columns of the enemy swarmed in 
front of its division, and made a fierce as- 
sault. The rebel charge was met and de- 
cisively repulsed with great loss to the enemy. 
The regiment lost but one killed. 

Genera] Sherman determined to make an 
assault on the enemy's position on Kenesaw 
Monntain. To, conceal his real intention. 
General Schoiield was ordered to demon- 
strate vigorously on our right. On the 
morning of the '27th the regiment moved to 
its allotted position, and rapidly advancing 
drove the enemy into his intrenchments. 
Several attempts were made by the enemy to 
drive the regiment from its advanced posi- 
tion, but without success, and the regiment 
held its place until midnight of the 30th, 
when it was relieved by another regiment. 
The regiment lost in this battle six killed and 
forty wounded. At daybreak the regiment 
was again marching in pursuit of the enemy, 
who fell back slowly, skirmishing sharply, 
and making obstinate resistance at every 
favorable point of defense. At sundown the 
regiment joined in an impetuous charge, 
driving the enemy from his works and estab- 
lishing a line far in the advance. Support 
soon arrived, and the men lay down to rest, 
having been under fire for four days and four 
nights, and without rations for thirty hours, 
appeasing the pangs of hunger by eating 
blackberries gathered on the field of battle. 

On the 4th of July certain demonstrations 
on the enemy's line of communications, and 
the capture of his entire line of rifle pits, 
caused him to abandon his works and fall 
back to the Chattahoochee River. On the 

1 7th the advance of our corps captured the 
bridge and effected a crossing o\' the Chatta- 
j hoochee. The enemy, finding his rear threat- 
ened, crossed the river on the 9th. On the 
! 17th the forward movement was continued, 
: Hascall's division taking the road to Decatur. 
I On the 19th, our brigade being in the ad- 
; vance, encountered the enemy near Decatur, 
1 assaulted his position, captured it, and drove 
; his Hying troops through that town. A por- 
! tion of the railroad was then destroyed. 

The sieire of Atlanta was now fairly be- 
gun, fighting and skirmishing were of 
! constant occurrence. The roar of artillery or 
! the constant dropping of rifle balls, were 
; familiar sounds. The enemy had extended 
his works southwest of Atlanta to the vicinity 
I of East Point. General Schoiield determined 
to dislodge him from two hills that com- 
manded the extreme right of our position. 
One brigade from each division was selected 
I for this work. In our division the choice fell 
| on the brigade to which the One Hundred 
1 and Twenty-third was attached. On the 0th 
of August the movement was made. Push- 
: ing through a dense thicket of pines and. 
j oaks, the command emerged to an open Held, 
upon the further side of which were the 
: enemy's works, containing a battery, sup- 
ported by a heavy force. The order was 
' given to charge! With a cheer the line 
swept forward, its ranks torn with a heavy 
artillery and musketry fire from the enemy, 
and carried the position. The regiment lost 
| in this charge twenty-seven killed and 
j wounded. Captain Fletcher G. Owens and 
| Franklin F. Swain fell mortally wounded. 
j Two color sergeants were shot down, and the 
colors seized by private Bruce Hicks, of 
i Company G, who carried them triumphantly 
! through the fight. The regiment was con- 
i stantly under fire until the 29th of August, 
j when it moved with its corps on the flank 


movement, which resulted in the evacuation 
of Atlanta by the rebel army. The regiment 
then returned, with its corps, and went into 
camp at Decatnr. During this campaign the 
regiment lost twenty-eight killed and 105 

The rebel General Ilood having crossed 
the Chattahoochee River, and interrupted 
our communications, striking the railroad at 
Dig Shanty, and capturing the small detach- 
ments in the block houses, our forces moved 
in pursuit. On the 4th of October the regi- 
ment left Decatur, and marching with its 
corps, proceeded to Home, thence to Resaca, 
and thence, through Snake Creels Gap, to 
Gaylesville. Alabama, where further pursuit 
ceased. On the 30th the Twenty-third Corps 
was ordered to report to General Thomas at 
Nashville. The regiment marched with its 
corps to Chattanooga, and thence moved by 
rail to Columbia, Tennessee. 

On the 10th of November the regiment 
was sent down Duck River. Six companies 
under Colonel McQuiston were stationed op- 
posite Williamsport, the rest of the regiment, 
under Lieutenant Colonel Walters, fortified a 
commanding eminence on Gordon's Ferry. 
The enemy menaced these points for several 
days. On the 30th it was ascertained that 
the enemy had passed our left, think and was 
marching on Franklin. Orders were received 
to rejoin Scholicld at Franklin. The Ninety- 
first and One Hundred ami Twenty-third 
Indiana, numbering in the aggregate seven 
hundred men, .under Colonel Mehringer, of 
the Ninety-first, marched that night in the 
direction of Franklin. They had proceeded 
but a short distance when they found them- 
selves in the rear of Forrest's rebel cavalry, 
fifteen thousand strong. Their only mode of 
escape was by moving cautiously, and with 
great celerity around the enemy's left. There 
were but two alternatives, if unsuccessful 

capture or destruction. The command moved 
silently and rapidly forward, and after sixty 
hours' continuous marching, succeeded in 
eluding the enemy, and rejoined the brigade 
beneath the ramparts of Fort Nogley, in the 
suburbs of Nashville. 

During the first two weeks in December 
the regiment was engaged in strengthening 
the defenses of Nashville. On the loth 
the regiment moved with the army upon the 
rebel forces of General Hood, and took part 
in the battle of Nashville, on the 15th and 
10th of December, losing in killed and 
wounded. The regiment then joined in the 
pursuit of Hood until the 27th, when it halted 
at Columbia, Tennessee, and went into camp. 
Here the regiment remained until the 3d of 
January, 1865, when it marched to Clifton, 
and, embarking on a steamboat, sailed for 
Cincinnati, where it took the railroad cars 
and was rapidly carried to Washington City. 
On the 18th of February the regiment em- 
barked with its brigade on a steamship, at 
Alexandria, Virginia, and, after a pleasant 
passage, lauded at Fort Anderson, on the 
banks of Cape Fear River, North Carolina, 
which post was occupied until the 1st of 
March. The command then re-embarked 
and sailed to Moorhead City, and from thence 
proceeded, by railroad, to Newbern, North 

From Newbern the command (consisting of 
the First Division, Twenty-third Army 
Corps, and two provisional divisions), marched 
on the 3d of March. Advancing slowly along 
the line of the railroad toward Raleigh, con- 
structing rail and wagon roads as they moved, 
the advance encountered Bragg, at Wise's 
Forks, on the 7th, and skirmishing com- 
menced. At ten o'clock the next day the 
enemy made a furious assault. The First 
Division moved rapidly to the front, and in 
a short time the regiment, with its brigade, 


was engaged in a severe battle. The rebel 
onset was very determined, but, being firmly 
met, the enemy was driven back, and re- 
treated to his works, which were flanked by 
impassable swamps. For two days and 
nights the righting continued, the enemy | 
assaulting the slight works our troops had 
erected, but being repeatedly repulsed. At 
noon of the 10th, Hoke's rebel division, the j 
flower of Braerg's army, having made an ex- 
tensive detour, suddenly appeared in three 
lines of buttle on our left flank, advancing 
with the customary demoniac yell. The 
Second Brigade changed front, and in a short 
time formed a new Hue nearly a mile distant. 
Major Kobbins was placed in command of! 
the skirmish line of four companies, and ad- 
vanced through a dense thicket, on a double- 
quick, supported by the brigade. They had 
moved but a few rods when the enemy was 
met, also advancing. A withering volley 
poured into his ranks, and our brigade rushed 
on with a cheer. The enemy recoiled, and 
our lines extending, overlapped those of the 
enemy, and poured in an enfilading fire, 
which completed his discomfiture. 

After resting on the battle-field two days 
the Twenty-third Corps moved on Kingston, 
which was evacuated by the enemy upon our 
approach. The movement was continued, 
and Goldsboro reached on the 21st of March. 
Here General Sherman's forces were met. 
The regiment was stationed at Lenoir Insti- 
lute and employed in guarding the railroad. 
On the 9th of April the regiment marched for 
Goldsboro, and from thence moved with the 
army to Raleigh, arriving there on the 21st. 
On the 3d of May the regiment marched for 
Greensboro, arriving there on the 7th. The 
regiment moved by rail to Charlotte on the 
loth, and went into camp with its division. 
The regiment remained at Charlotte, North 
Carolina, during the summer of 1865, and 

then moved to Raleigh. On the 25th of 
August, the regiment left Raleigh for In- 
dianapolis, and readied that place on the 4th 
of September, with an aggregate of five hun- 
dred rank and file. On the 5th, the One 
Hundred and Twenty-third, as the guests of 
the ladies of Indianapolis, partook of a sumpt- 
uous dinner at the Soldiers Home, and pro- 
ceeding from thence to the State House grove, 
were welcomed with addresses from General 
Maniield and Colonel Truster. The regiment 
was mustered out of the service of the United 
States on the 25th of August, 1805, at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, and after its arrival 
and reception in Indianapolis, received final 
payment and discharge. 




Company F of this regiment was furnish* d 
by Putnam County. Robert E. Smith was 
Captain, Richard S. Tennant, First Lieuten- 
ant and dames W. Beck, Second Lieutenant. 
The Governors of Ohio. Indiana, Illinois, 
Iowa and Wisconsin having- offered to raise 
for the service of the general Government a 
force of volunteers to serve for 100 days, 
Governor Morton, on the 23d of April, 1864, 
issued his call for Indiana's proportion of 
that force. The troops thus raised were to 
perform such military services as might be 
| required of them in any State, and were to 
j be armed, subsisted, clothed and paid by the 
1 United States, but were not to receive any 
; bounty. These troops were designed to aid 
: in making the campaign of 1864 successful 
and decisive by relieving a large number of 
I veterans from garrison and guard duty, and 
I allow them to join their companions in arms. 
: then about entering upon one of the most 
: active and important campaigns of the war. 
j Their places were filled by the 100-day men 
1 as fast as the latter could be organized into 
I regiments and sent forward from the camps 


of rendezvous. The organizations from In- 
diana consisted of eight regiments, numbered 
consecutively from the One Hundred and 
Thirty-second to the One Hundred and Thirty- 
ninth, inclusive. The One Hundred and 
Thirty-third Regiment was composed of nine 
companies raised in the Seventh Congress- 
ional District, and one company raised at 
Richmond in the Fifth District. These were 
organized into a regiment and mustered into 
service at Indianapolis on the 17th of May, 

1864, with Robert ]S T . Hudson as Colonel. 
The regiment left at once for Tennessee. 

Each of these 100-day regiments, on 
arriving at Nashville, was assigned to duty 
at different places along the lines of the 
Nashville & Chattanooga, Tennessee & Ala- 
bama and Memphis & Charleston Railroads; 
and until the latter part of August, 1864, 
were constantly engaged in guarding these 
lines of communication used by General 
Sherman for the transportation of supplies to 
his army then advancing on Atlanta. The 
regiments all served beyond the period of 
100 days, and returned to Indianapolis, where 
they were finally discharged from the service. 


Company C, from this county, was organ- J 
ized February 20, 1865, with Estes II. Lay- 
man as Captain, John P. Layman as First 
Lieutenant, and Samuel Talley as Second 
Lieutenant. These officers served until the 
close of the war. Artemus W. Allen was 
Adjutant of the regiment from February 8, 

1865, and Captain of Company A from Feb- 
ruary 28, 1865. James T. Johnston was 
Quartermaster of the regiment from Febru- 
ary 21, 1865. 

The regiment was recruited in the Seventh 
Congressional District, and was organized at 
Indianapolis on the 1st day of March, 1865, 
with William II. Fairbanks as Colonel. It 

left Indianapolis on the 3d for Nashville, 
Tennessee, and was a few weeks afterward 
sent to Decatur, Alabama, in which vicinity 
it did duty until its muster out. While 
stationed at that place the regiment received 
the surrender of the rebel forces commanded 
by Generals Roddy and Polk, together with 
large quantities of arms and munitions of 
war. On the 18th of September it proceeded 
to Nashville, where it was mustered out on 
the 27th of September, 1865. Arriving at 
Indianapolis on the 29th, with 30 officers and 
800 men, it was publicly welcomed home at 
a reception meeting held in the Capitol 
grounds, and was addressed by Governor 
Morton. General Finnell, of Kentucky, and 


Putnam County furnished men for both 
the Eighteenth and Twentieth Batterie 
raised during the summer of 1862. SamiK 
L. Hartman was for one year First Lieutc 
ant of the Eighteenth, and was the, 
honorably dismissed. Moses M. Beck was 
successively Second Lieutenant, First Lieuten- 
ant and Captain of the same battery. Milton 
A. Osborn was Captain for two years, ana 
Thomas H. Stevenson Second Lieutenant for 
one year, of the Twentieth Battery. 


Under the law providing for the organiza- 
tion of the Indiana Legion, eleven companies 
of militia were formed in this county, as 

Ellsworth Greys, organized at Greencastle 
July 23, 1861. Captain, S. P. Jones; First 
Lieutenant, William Lane; Second Lieuten- 
ants, T. C. Grooms (entered United States 
service) and A. T. Squire. 

Warren Union Guards, organized at Put- 
namville July 10, 1861. Captain, Joel W. 



McGrew; First Lieutenant, Whitfield Reed; 
Second Lieutenant, Josiah Williams. 

Bourbon Greys, organized at Russellvitle 
August 15, 1861. Captain, John Rogers; 
First Lieutenant, William II. Cord; Second 
Lieutenant, William Hickman. 

Enfield Rovers, organized at Bainbridge, 
July 18, 1863. Captain, John M. Wampler; 
First Lieutenant, Richard S. Fisk; Second 
Lieutenant, Ephraim J. Parker. 

Floyd Township Home Guards, organized 
at Groveland, August 7, 1863. Captain, 
John Wilkinson; First Lieutenant, AVilliam 
F. Hadden; Second Lieutenant, Daniel T. 

Allen's Battery, organized at Greencastle, 
July 23, 1863. Captain, William W. Allen; 
First Lieutenant, Messer B.Welch; Second 
Lieutenants, William II. Allen (resigned), 
and John I). Allen. 

Putnam Blues, organized at Greencastle, 
July 23, 1863. Captain, Abisha L. Morri- 
son; First Lieutenant, James II. Kinkead; 
Second Lieutenant, Thomas Y. Beck. 

Franklin Guards, organized August 10, 
1863, at Carpentersville. Captain, Benja- 
min II. Hawkins; First Lieutenant, John W. 
Humphrey; Second Lieutenant, Evan T. 

Jefferson Cavalry, organized at Mount 
Meridian, August 14, 1863. Captain, John 
W. Allee; First Lieutenant, McCamey El- 
liott; Second Lieutenant, Hiram Larkin. 

Marion Guetrds, organized August 18, 

1863, at Fillmore. Captain, Richard M. 
Hazlett; First Lieutenants, John W. 
Dunlavy (declined) and John E. Nichol- 
son; Second Lieutenant, Lawrence B. Dan- 

Jackson Guards, organized August 25, 

1864, at New Maysville. Captain, Isaac M. 
Silvey; First Lieutenant, Levi W. Darnall; 
Second Lieutenant, Heber Biddle. 

The official reports credited Putnan Coun- 
ty with 3,257 enlistments during the war. 
Of these, a large number were re-enlistments 
of men who at first volunteered for short pe- 
riods; and 210 were veterans who "iad served 
the full term of three years and ^hen re-en- 
listed for the war. In all, over 2,000 differ- 
ent volunteers from Putnam County served 
the Government during the civil war. Of 
these, at least half are still living. 

Large amounts were paid by the several 
townships for bounties to raise their credit to 
their quotas and be safe from the oft- threat- 
ened draft. Several townships also paid reg- 
ular allowances to the needy families of 
volunteers. The amounts thus contributed 
were as follows: By the county, bounty, 
$10,000; relief, $1,025; Jackson Township, 
bounty, $54,265. Franklin Township, bounty, 
$27,960. Russell Township, bounty, $38,000; 
relief, $6,000. Clinton Township, bounty, 
$24,800. Monroe Township, bounty, $22,700; 
relief, $360. Floyd Township, bounty, $28,- 
950; relief, $1,008. Marion Township, 
bounty, $40,500. Greencastle Township, 
bounty, $24,302; relief, $4,350. Madison 
Township, bounty, $23,731; relief, $82. 
Washington Township, bounty, $57,381. 
Warren Township, bounty, $21,200; relief, 
$300. Jefferson Township, bounty, $21,500; 
relief, $132.65. Cloverdale Township, boun- 
ty, $25,000. Mill Creek Township, bounty, 
$20,818. - All the townships, relief, $15,000. 
Total bounty, $441,107; total relief, $28,- 
260.65; grand total, $469,367.65. 

soldiers' monument. 

The long and cruel war being over, the 
patriotic people of Putnam County resolved 
to do something to perpetuate the memory 
of the brave men who had laid down their 


lives in defense of the National Government, son, conducted the dedicatory exercises in the 
An organization was effected in L865 nn- presence of several thousand people, who had 
der the name of the - Putnam Comity Sol- gathered to witness the ceremony, including 
diers' Monument Association," with Colonel : delegations from Indianapolis ' and Terra 
John R. Mahan as President, William D. I Haute and intervening points. 
Allen as Treasurer and David Jones as See- | The design of the monument is artistic and 
rotary. The ohject of the Association waste j beautiful. Above the foundation the pedes- 
erect a monument at the city of Greencastle | tai rises to the height.of eight feet, a portion 
to the memory of the soldiers of Putnam of which is handsomely paneled, upon which 
County whose lives werelost in the war of the names of the deceased soldiers are in- 
the Rebellion, the necessary funds to be scribed; above, on the sides of the monu- 
raised by voluntary contributions. The emi- | ment, are battle scenes beautifully sculptured, 
nent sculptor, Thomas I), dunes, Esq., of | Surmounting the pedestal, or main body of 
Cincinnati, was commissioned to prepare ap- the monument, is a life-size statue, six feet 
propriate plans and estimates, which were duly in height, representing an American soldier, 
submitted and adopted. | executed by' Mr. Jones in marble, and re- 

The monument stands on the crowning l garded by accomplished art critics as the 
eminence of Forest Hill Cemetery, overlook- ; most successful portrayal of the gallant mol- 
ing the entire city of Greencastle and. a large j unteer yet achieved in this country. The 
scope of surrounding country, ft was dedi- total cost of the monument was *10,(K)0, all 
cated on the 2d day of July, 1870, Colonel of which was raised in Putnam County 
Richard W. Thompson being the orator of through the energetic efforts of the officers 
the day. In the afternoon, Governor Conrad and members of the Association by voluntary 
Baker, assisted by Hon. Delana E. William- : subscription. 






v ^ >t *-j*t3»i-»-^^H-^»«^»>-j^^>y^ 








"l^^^F(if miffhtier than tlie 

/WArEI&^lvII.. sword is a saying so 

•rite timt one is almost 

ashamed to quote it, 

^tlifr^^^^ . vot - '* ^ worth urging 

upon the attention of unob- 

^ J^ff* servant people that the rapid 

"f^Slli 3 * pro-ress of huinanitv in the 


fpKfrjf more than to any other one j 
\/!. ( -;. !'0 agency, to improved facilities' 
^'c^s^^-J^k' ">' travel and communication. ■ 
&£&£<■ p- IJailroads. mails and news- | 
vyVw* papers liave become necessities | 
to mankind, though many are j 
now living who are older than the 
oldest railroad, and to whom a daily paper 
once seemed a useless extravagance. Even 
now changes are made yearly, and improve- ! 
meets discovered, of such moment that the] 
future value and function of the newspaper j 
cannot yet be estimated. 

Types were first used to reproduce only j 
the Bible, and such books as were demanded ! 
in large numbers. Then came the periodical j 
and pamphlet. The reviews and magazines ] 

increased in number and frequency of publi- 
cation, and then the weekly newspaper was 
established, to !>e supplemented, in time by 
the daily journals. At first only large cities 
could support papers; now it is a poor village 
that cannot have one or more, and a small 
county that has not its half do/en. One of 
the most important changes in the develop- 
ment of the country newspaper occurred 
from 1800 to 1870. Before the former date, 
home news, locals and correspondence were 
not considered worth printing, but the read- 
ing matter was composed of reprints from 
the great journals, news from Europe, pro- 
ceedings of Congress, and heavy editorials on 
national politics. Now these are supplied 
by the large city papers, which are brought 
to every village bv those, annihiiators of dis- 
tance, the railroads, and the home paper is 
largely filled with home news. The best 
county paper now is the one which gives the 
most space to town and county news, corre- 
spondence from every postoffice, and the pro- 
ceedings of local organizations. 

In Putnam County, to-day, are published 
five newspapers, while twice as many more 
have been issued that are now defunct, by 



chaugc of name or suspension. Generally 
speaking, the editors have been men of 
intelligence and enterprise, while to-day the 
members of the press are considered to be 
far above the average in ability and scholar- 

The first paper published in Putnam 
County was 


established about 1830, by a Mr. Ohiids. In 
September, 1834:, Mr. Childs disposed of this 
pioneer paper to John W. Osborn, who con- 
tinued its publication, but changed its name to 

Dr. William Malian, in the year 1844, and 
continued to be published for two or three 

In the year 1848, John Turk commenced 
the publication of a paper called 


This paper was regularly issued until 1853. 
The paper then suspended, there having been 
started the 


This was founded in 1852,by Albert Patrick. 
Banner to Christopher W. 

He sold the 
I Brown. The next proprietors were Rankin 

THE PLOW BOY. „ , , , , . 

i ife Jburke, but the ownership afterward re- 
Mr. Osborn was the editor and proprietor of j verted to Mr. Brown. In 1866 Samuel J. 
tills rurally named sheet until 1837, when he j Tilford bought the Banner, and on the 26th 
sold the establishment to Wilkins Tannahill, j of January following he sold a one-half in- 
originally from Nashville, Tennessee, who teres t therein to George J. Langsdale. The 
kept it about two yeaj's, and then disposed of i latter gentleman became sole proprietor the 
it to William J. Burns. This gentleman ' following August, and is yet in active con- 
again changed the name, and The Plow Boy j trol. Mr 

became the 

Langsdale changed the name to 

that of 



In 1840 Delana R. Eckels bought two col- 
umns of the Visitor, to be conducted in the in- 
terest of the Democratic party. This arrange- 
ment, however, soon became an illustration 
of the truth that a house divided against 
itself cannot stand, and the Visitor suspended. 


The Indiana Patriot, a Democratic paper, 
was established in 1842, by Delana K. Eckels, 
and placed under the immediate management 
of Samuel Farley. It was continued under 
this arrangement until the outbreak of the 
Mexican war, when Judge James Ilanna 
became editor. 



by this name was established by 

The Banner is published every Thursday, 
j at $1.50 per year, and has been invariably 
; Republican in political character. 


The Indiana Press was established in 
j 1858, by Howard Briggs, who published it 
j continuously for twenty-four years, and in 

April, 1882, sold to F. A. Arnold, of the 



The first number of the Greencastle Star, 
an independent paper, was published May 2, 
1874, by Feltus & Arnold. F. A. Arnold 
purchased the interest of his partner therein, 
September 1, 1875, since which time he has 
owned the entire paper. In April, 1882, he 
purchased the Press from Howard Briggs, 



and consolidated the two papers under the 
name of the Star-Press. This paper was 
the first in the county to introduce steam 
power. It is Democratic in politics, and be- 
ing; the official paper of Putnam County, has 
a wide influence in Western Indiana. 

The Greeneastle- Times was founded De- 
cember 1, 18.81, by A, .J. Neff, and has been 
published, regularly since as a .Republican 
paper, in size a six-column quarto. In -Jan. 
nary, 1884, Mr. Neff sold to A. A. Smith, the 
present editor and proprietor. The Timesie, 
published on Thursdays, at £1.25 a year, 


This paper was established in April, 1884, 
by Howard. Briggs, and was published as a 
Democratic weekly until the spring of 1887, 
when Mr. Briggs, deeming that his party in 
Congress had failed to redeem its pledges by 
not reducing our national tariff schedules, 
threw off his allegiance to that party, and 
gave his adhesion to the Labor party, in 
the interest of which he now conducts his 

I paper. The Democrat is a six-column folio, 
; and is issued on Wednesdays, at $1 per' year. 


A few years ago the Star-Press began a 
| daily issue, but it was soon discontinued. 
i The Grecneastle Daily News was cstab- 
I fished by Ed. and Hugh Marsh about the 
! middle of October, 1886. Early in 1SS7 
I Ed. S, Sheridan became proprietor, and 

changed the name of the paper to the Daily 
| Courier. In March it suspended. It was 

independent in politics, and the press-work 

was done in the Times office. 


A newspaper called The Bee was estab- 
lished January 1, 1877, by W. B. Harris. 
Its publication continued one year. / Lyman 
N angle established The Local I tew, April 
| 12, 1878, and .January 1, L8S7, William E. 
Nanglo started the Cloverdale Herald. 


The Indiana Statesman was established 
j in September, L882, by Howard E. Elennon, 
! who is still editor and proprietor. 



tgra£ g EE5EE^srEg* EgiTO£^^ 

j l -"COURTS AND BAR . ^ ||| 




<&ti£?i. i ^>';z1 t l&?& 

^^Yii^^^s ^^^ 

fliL following statement I for jurors, comprise all the business shown 
[i^ ; ; i \ of first court proceedings, ' by the record to have been transacted at that 

\ \{$^, '4 V '" ' 1iMs " ! j"' 1 -' 1 - i!j ' tht- : term. The record <>f thh, and several terms 
different courts, are taken ,' following, is so blurred and faded us to be, in 

.^ riCW 

m* from the records of tin 

s ! great part, lllegi 

^f'ife* ^'^ Wrcnit Court clerk's I The next term following, and the tirst at 

.- '.'.';$ oiliee. | which any general business was transacted, 

: ferff* The first (Circuit) court was is shown to have been " convened and held 

^IfP^ huM ' ,uno :! ' 1S ~ 2, ' ,a( '" 1, ralL ' ;,t rhc liOUSC or' James Athey (at or near the 
wlr presiding judge, signing the forks of Eel River), on Monday, the second 
jplf record of that date. Commission \ day of September. L822, in and for the Coun- 
jjW of said j ml ge was spread of record, ty of Putnam." The same judges were 
f§^l§* <!atet1 at ^-orydon, March 7, L822, \ present rs at the former session. The grand 
^v^lT " fc h e sixth year of the State, and j jury was impaneled and sworn. Of their 
<* of the United States the forty- j names, only the following are legible: Hen- 

sixth." The commission was signed by jamin Bell (foreman), ■ - McCoy, Abraham 
Jonathan Jennings, Governor, and counter- i Lewis. Matthew Cole. Richard Moore. Henry 
signed by K. A. New. Also the commissions j Williams, Ephraim Dukes. Joseph Thomas, 
and oaths of George Kirkpatrick and Prune!! I William Dole, Chance, Luke Dyer. Sr., 

Chance, associate judges, were spread of Isaac Anderson and John Stagg. (Joseph 
record. An order for a seal for the court, Wells, now of Madison Township, is said also 
and that the clerk, at least thirty days prior j to have been upon this jury.) On motion of 
to the next term, issue a venire for eighteen j S. Judah, Thomas 11. I Make and -lames Far- 
qualified grand jurors, and for the. same nun;- ! rlngton, Esquires, were admitted and sworn 
ber of petit jurors, is also entered. The place I as attorneys and counselors at law of this 
of holding court is not stated. court. 

Spreading commissions and oaths of judges The record of the first jury trial is signed 
of record, and orders for court seal and venires June 3, 1823, in the case of John Hamilton 



against William M. Blair and others. The 
plaintiff was represented by Thomas II. Blake, 
and the defendant by Charles Deweese, Esq., 
their respective counsel. The following are 
the names of the jurors, one being illegible: 
Abraham Lewis, JN'oble J. Myers, David 
Hurst, John Rowley, Benjamin Bell, Richard 
Moore, David McCoy, Elisha Mullinix, Isaac 
Matkins, William Craig and Israel Linders. 

James A they was allowed £12 for the use of 
his house for the court, twelve days; Robert 
Cunningham, S2 for furnishing a room for 
the grand jury two days, and als«» allowed £2 
for two days' service as bailiff; and Justin 
Goodrich allowed si for his attendance as 
bailiff. At the close of the term, it was or- 
dered. ''That this Court adjourn until court 
in course, to meet at the house of Isaiah 
Wright, ;it the next term." This record is 
signed, -.June 3, 1828," by J. Call as judge. 

The next intelligible record presents the 
following: "At a Circuit (Court) met and 
held in the town of Greencastle. on the fifth 
day of May, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and twenty live, 
present the lion. John Siglerand John Smith, 
associate judges.'* u The Court beingopened," 
the sheriff (William W. Mcintosh) "returned 
the panel of grand jurors*" as follows: 
John Johnston, Llias Bridgwaters, Abraham 
Lewis, Solomon Coffraan, Arthur Conley, 
Alexander Johnston, Thomas Chadd, James 
W. Crawford, Thomas Johnston, Andrew Mc- 
Mains, Scady Chandler, George Goodman, 
Matthew Cole, Beasley Skers and Samuel 
Chadd. John Johnston was appointed fore- 

Upon trial of an indictment against, Silas 
G. Weeks, for selling spirituous liquors, the 
following (second) petit jury was impaneled: 
Ephraim Dukes, David Deweese, Richard 
Breeden, Thomas Deweese, George Eiiott, 
Elisha Mullinix, Elias Gilder, Justus George, 

j William 0. Butcher, David Diggings, John 
Friend and Jacob Butcher. 

After the opening, it is shown that " the 
Hon. John R. Porter, Presiding Judge, ap- 
j peared and took his seat, and by him the 
! record is signed, May 6, 1825. Court ad- 
i journed "until court in course." The county 
i was then, as for some years following, in- 
I eluded in the First Judicial Circuit. 

The October term next following is the 
I first shown to have been held "at the court 
I house in Greencastle," the same judges pre- 
j siding, and Hon. John Law, prosecuting 
i attorney. 

At the May term, 1827, the following 

entry appears upon the order-book: "On 

motion of John Allen, by John Law, his 

attorney," it was '-ordered by the court, that 

a rule do operate upon Arthur McGaughey, 

; Clerk of the Hoard of Justices of Putnam 

I County, on the first da}" of the next term of 

I this Court, to show cause why a mandamus 

j should not issue against him as clerk of said 

Court, to compel him to issue to said John 

- Allen a county order for thirty-six dollars, 
! for his service in establishing a seat of jus- 

- tice i\n' Putnam County—said order dated 
I November sixteenth, eighteen hundred and 
| twenty-two." 

At the May term, 1829, the same judge 

| occupied the bench, with David Deweese and 

; William Elrod, associate judges. William 

| Mcintosh was still sheriff and collector, and 

John Law, prosecutor. 

The May term, 1830, was held by the Hon. 

John Law, under commission as " Judge of 

| the Seventh Judicial Circuit," running for 

seven years from the 25th day of January, 


The following order appears upon the rec- 
j ord of this term: "Ordered by the Court 
j that the following space of land be and the 
| same is hereby laid off and designated by 


the following' metes and bounds, around the term, 1850, was held by Hon. Samuel I), 
county jail, as. and to be called and termed, Gookins, under temporary appointment to fill 
prison bounds for said county, to wit: Begin- vacancy, with Uobert N. Allen and William 
ning at the northwest corner of the town of G. Duckworth as associate?. 
Greencastle, in said county, thence south to The May term, 1851, was held by the Hon. 
Poplar street, in said town, thence cast to Delana It. Eckels, who had been elected in 
Water street, thence north to the northern the winter of 1851, by the Legislature, and 
boundary of said town to Liberty street, j commissioned as judge for seven years'* from 
thence west to the place of beginning; such and after the session of the General Assem- 
bonnds to include the space covered by the bly " of that year, Judges Allen and Duck- 
several roads or streets so bounding such worth were stili associates. After this term, 
space as aforesaid/' John Cowgill was ap- the office of associate judge was abolished by 
pointed master in chancery for the county, the State. 

Judge Law having resigned, Hon. Geo. I In April, 1^53. the Hon. James Hughes 
W. Johnston was appointed in his stead, and j came upon the bench as judge of the Sixth 
held the October term of the court, 1831. Judicial Circuit, the State having been redis- 

At the April term. 1832, the Hon. Amorv trieted for judicial purposes, and elections 
Kinney presented his commission as judge, held for the several districts, 
to fill said vacancy, and held the term with Judge Hughes having resigned before the 
the same last-named associate judges. Judge expiration of his term (of six years, terms 
Kinney continued to preside up to the Octo- j previously having occupied seven years), [Jon. 
her term, 1830. inclusive, James Rankin ap- James ML Hanna tilled the vacancy, under 
pearing as associate judge at the said last appointment, at the March term. LS56, site- 
term instead of Judge Deweese, with Will- ceeded by the Hon. Ambrose 15. Carle ton at 
iam Elrod co-associate. the September term. 1850. 

The May term, 1837, was held by Hon. The March term. 1857, was held by Judge 

Elisha M. Huntington, win; continued as Ilanim under regular election as judge, as- 
presiding judge until the April term, 1S41, sisted by the Hon. Stephen Major, appointed 
inclusive. to try causes in which the regular judge was 

The Hon. William P. Bryant occupied the . incompetent to preside, 
bench at the October term. 1841, with the The October term of the same year was 
last-named associates, and continued in office also held by Judge Hanna. 
until the October term, 1843, inclusive, when | Judge Hanna having resigned, the Hon. 
George Pearcy and Moses T. Bridges appeared ! Solomon Claypool was appointed to rill the 
as his associates. j vacancy, and presided as judge under said 

The bench was resumed at the April term, | appointment and succeeding election, until 
1844, by Judge Law, under commission run- ; the October term, 1N64, inclusive, 
ning for the term of seven years from Jan u- At the April term, 1865, Judge Eckels 
ary 25, 1844, and continued to preside until again came upon the bench, and continued to 
the November term, 1849, inclusive. Robert preside until the October term, 1870, inclu- 
\. Allen in the meantime having come upon sive, when he was succeeded by the Hon. 
the bench as associate, vice J udge Pearcy. William M. Franklin, who occupied the 

Judge Law having resigned, the November i bench from the. March term, 1871, until the 



close of tin- year L872, and was succeeded by : pleas judge, presided until the close of the 
the Hon. Solon Tunnan, who served nearly ; year 1800. The lion. Frederick T. Brown 
two whole terms. Judge Eckels was ap- | was his successor, who presided up to the 
pointed in November, 1880, as a special j close of the June term, 1864. The next in 
judoe to finish that terra, which Judge Tnr- I office was the Hon. William M. Franklin, 
man was unable to compute, in February | who held from the November term, 18G4, to 
following the hitler presided for the last the June term, 1868, inclusive. From Oeto- 
time. Hon. Silas 1). Coffey was appointed | ber, 1868, to February, 1873, the Hon. ilar- 
in March. L881, and elected to the same | rison Burns presided as judge. After the 
position in November, 1882. He is still 1 last-named date the Court of Common Pleas 
judge of the Thirteenth Judicial Circuit, in- I was abolished by the statute, and the busi- 
cluding the counties of Putnam and Clay. | ness thereof was transferred to the Putnam 
Four regular terms of court are held an- j Circuit Court, 
nnally, in February, April, September and 
November. Fnch term Is limited to five 



weeks in duration. The law is a profession which ever attract . 

The first term ol the Probate Court proper ;i certain percentage of our brightest minds 
(that cJa.-s of business having been previously into its ranks. It is now rather more crowded 
transacted by the associate judges) appears to j than the other avocations, but this is in 
have been ** convened and held" on the 7th | itself a proof of the advantages it offers. Of 
day of September. 1829, the Hon. Joseph F. late years it has become curiously common 
Farley presiding as "sole judge," and con- for people to disparage lawyers, applying 
tinning as such to the end of the year 1830, every sort of epithet, and making them thv. 
succeeded by the Hon. John Cowgill, who excuses for hundreds of jokes and stories; 
held the office, under appointment by Gov- yet these same citizens who profess to have a 
ernor Ray, until July S, 1831, when he was contempt for lawyers will, when in any kind 
succeeded by the lion. George F. Waterman, of difficulty, run promptly to one of the pro- 
under regular ejection and commission as fession, place themselves and their property 
probate ]}ul^e for the county, running for a : entirely in his guidance, and eagerly follow 
term of "seven years from the 19th day of j his suggestions in the weightiest affairs, 
August, 1881. Judge Waterman continued j Putnam County has been the residence of 
upon the bench until August 13, 1842, when ! a long roll of attorneys. Thee have been as 
he was succeeded in office by the Hon. Reese j a rule able, well-read, conscientious and 
Hardesty, Judge Hardesty continued to j painstaking men, and a number would be in 
preside until August 19, 1843. He was then | any city reckoned as brilliant. At the pres- 
succeeded by the Hon. William Lee. who | ent time, as well as in the past, the county 
held the office until May 16, 1846. The next may be truthfully considered surprisingly 
and last of the probate judges was the Hon. ' free from "shysters." One testimony to 
Robert Glideweil, who held office until the ! their ability is the t'act that attorneys are sel- 

,, ,-. i i l ,1 i_ 1 > 1 ." .,.4-.^.l C.....T . .fl-wi,. nnnnfioc tn oH.Pllf: 

iier counties to attend 

lAOOUI l VTHUCWUIt, U11U 1HJ1VI 17-Lln^ uiii/ii niv ; "iw ">""»J ■' - 

Probate Court was superseded by the estab- j dom imported from otl 

lishment of the Common Pleas Court, be- j to important cases. 

ginning with the year 1853. The attorneys who have resided and prac 

The Hon. John Cowgill, first common j ticed here for various lengths of time, and ar< 



now with the " silent majority," are believed 
to be all mentioned in this list: Robert Glide- 
well, Joseph F. Farley, Henry Secrest, Ed- 
ward W. McGaughey (member of Congress), 
George L. Waterman (circuit judge), John 
Cowgill (common pleas judge), "William A. 
McKenzie, John A. Matson (father of Hon. 
C. C, Matson, present member of Congress 
from this district), Russell L. Hathaway, 
James M. Elanna (Judge of the Supreme 
Court), Chilton A. Darnall, Columbus D. 
Sellers, John C. Turk, John Hanna (member 
of Congress, resided in Indianapolis at time 
of death), Robert M. Crane, Milton A. Os- 
born (member of the General Assembly), 
Justice II. Bachelder (mayor of Greencastle), 
John Stan- (of Cambridge), and Gustavus II. 

Judge Delana R. Eckels is yet living at 
Greencastle, retired, as is also John S. Jen- 
nings. Frederick T. Brown, once judge of 
the court of common pleas, is retired and 
living in the country. Lucius P. Chapin 
was a partner of Judge CI ay pool, and has been 
mayor of Greencastle. He is now in the 
grocery business. Jesse W . Wick is simi- 
larly engage! 

These attorneys have removed: Oliver II. 
P. Ash, Solomon Claypool (for many years 
circuit judge, and now a resident of Indian- 
apolis), Henry W. Daniels (now in the em- 
ploy of the Aandalia Railroad Company, at 

j Terre Haute), James A. Crawley {'now in 

Iowa), William IT. Nye (lives at Rockville), 

Weller B. Smith (has been a member of the 

| General Assembly, now resides at Indianapo- 

! lis, retired), William A. Brown (appointed to 

j a Government clerkship at Washington), 

; William II. Bnrk (of Cloverdale), Henry B. 

; Martin (now a surveyor in Washington Ter- 

ritory), Thomas Brown (now in Texas), Will - 

i iam II. Crow (now in Dakota), John D. Reed 

j (now in Nebraska), Joseph Crow, Jr. (mow in 

! Kansas), William McK. Milligan (now in 

I Kansas), William Bosson (now in ludianapo- 

! lis) and Green berry Wright (removed to the 

j West). 

Hon. Delana Williamson is the oldest resi- 

| dent practitioner. His fellow members of 

the present bar are Addison Daggy (partner 

I in the firm of Williamson & Daggy), Reuben 

| S. Ragan, Dillard 0. Donnohue, Marshal! A. 

; Moore, James J. Smiley. Willis G. Neff, 


! Henry II. Matthias, James S. Nntt, Jonathan 

! Birch, Courtland C. Matson (present Con- 
! gressman), Joseph C. MeClary (present mayor 
! of Greencastle), Thomas Hanna, G. C. 
Moore, T. C. Grooms, William S. Eckels, 
George Hathaway. John L. Myers, Silas A. 
Hays, John P. Alice, John R. Gordon, Henry 
C. Lewis, Benjamin F. Corwin, Thomas T. 
Moore, John R. Miller, Thomas M. Bosson, 
Presley O. Colliver, Prank D. Aderand Win- 
field S. Cox. 



f» + * 

^ ^^^ M 






&\1 "^wElJLES SIMON, the French I 


p&a^ educator and statesman 
p said: "That people which 
r Jkf Uas tne ' Jest books and. the 
^^-H^S-'ii^ hest schools is the best 
people; if it is not so to-day, 
it will be so to-morrow." 
These words, deserve to be- 
come a household ([notation 
the world over, for no more 
potent nor expressive truth 
was ever uttered. Of course, 
all progress and education are 
not derived from the study of 
hooks, and, as Hosea Ballou has said, " Edu- 
cation commences at the mother's knee, and 
every word spoken within the hearing of 
little children tends toward the formation of 
character, but at the same time no other one 
agency is so powerful as the common school 
in developing a nation of self-governing 

The citizens of Putnam County feel a just 
pride in their progress in educational methods, 
which have fully kept pace with the advance- 

ment in wealth and the development of 
material resources. As soon as the county 
was sufficiently settled t-> enable any neigh- 
borhood to open a school, a sell oql-ho use was 
provided, and the services of a teacher 
secured. Often a room of a private house 
was occupied, and sometimes the deserted 
cabin of a squatter became a temporary 
school-room, in which the old-time masters, 
who worked on the tuition plan, flourished 
the rod and taught the rudiments of reading, 
writing and arithmetic. The first school- 
houses built were structures of the rudest 
kind, such as no pioneer would be content to 
occupy as a dwelling. Built of logs, with 
floors and benches of puncheons, with a 
huge fire-place and astick-and-mud chimney, 
they were little calculated for comfort or con- 
venience. Window-glass was too expensive 
an article to be used in the construction of a 
school-house, and therefore greased paper 
was substituted for it. The writing desk was 
a notable feature in every school-room. It 
generally extended across one end or one side 
of the room, and wa.s made of a slab, held in 



its place by wooden pins. For architectural 
effect, probably, certainly not for convenience, 
it was fastened high up on the wall, and the 
pupil, in order to use it, must climb upon a 
high wooden bench and sit there without a 
support for his back or his feet. 

Of the qualifications of the teachers of 
those days, the less said the better. Many 
were accounted good teachers who, in these 
days, would be unable to secure a certificate 
even of the third grade. Yet the most of 
them put to the best use the little talent and 
less training they had, and succeeded in 
planting good seed in the minds of their 
pupils. Some of the best minds this county 
has produced were those of men whose -whole 
school education was received in the log 
school-houses of pioneer days. 

The progress of education here is only a 
miniature reproduction of what has taken 
place more slowly among all civilized nations. 
In recent years improved methods of mental 
culture have aided the teachers in securing 
better results. The primary object of edu- 
cating children is not that they may escape 
labor thereby, but that they may labor more 
intelligently. Children should be taught 
that employment leads to happiness, indo- 
lence to misery, and that all trades and pro- 
fessions whereby an honest livelihood is 
obtained are honorable. Right living is the 
end to be achieved, and it is the workers that 
do the most good in the world. The man 
who constantly and intelligently thinks is 
above temptation. The women who honor- 
ably labor in the various trades arc to be 
preferred and honored above those who sit 
with folded hands. It is education that 
makes duty more apparent, lessens toil and 
sweetens life. It is by true education that the 
moral responsibilities of the human family 
are better understood. 

Methods are now sought for and followed 

in the school-room. The child's character 
and capacity are better understood now than 
in the pioneer days. The rod is laid aside, 
and children are no longer forced, under the 
lash, to order and apparent studiousness. 
Fretful and cruel teachers are giving way to 
those who love children, and again will man- 
kind draw nearer to the millennium through 
the iuHuence of the law of love. In this 
age better attention is paid to the hygiene 
and ventilation of the school-room. Houses 
are lighted, aired and warmed in a rational 
manner. Since the introduction of the 
"automatic" school desks there need be no 
more disagreeable seating in our school-room. 
The inventor of this desk will have a reward 
in the blessings of the countless thousands of 
healthy men and women who, in this genera- 
tion, as children, are comfortably seated in 
many of our best schools. 

Xew and better studies have been added to 
the course of study in our common schools 
within the last decade. Now, the child is 
taught to apply what he learns, directing his 
course of study in the line of his mental 
activity, cultivating the good and restraining 
the evil propensities. The time was, not far 
back, when only a limited knowledge of 
" reading, 'riting and 'rithmetic," could be 
acquired in the common schools. The high- 
est aim of the youth of the pioneer days was 
to write a fair hand, spell orally, and solve 
mathematical puzzles. This age is moving 
in a better educational sphere. The change 
was, ( »f course, gradual, [t was a long strug- 
gle of ignorance and bigotry against educa- 
tion, in which the latter has been crowned 
the victor. But few teachers cling to the old 
theory. Little by little they are growing 
away from the old system. A few teachers 
who do not improve are yet votaries at the 
shrine of their idols the birch, the dunce- 
cap and other old-fashioned methods. But, 



" Too weak the sacred shrine to guard,'' 
they must soon yield to the new education, 
and enter the conflict against error and for a 
better educational life. 

In thi.s struggle for better methods opiri- 
ions, covered with age and honors, have been 
marched off the stage of human action and 
supplanted by facts and principles which have 
cost years of toil to discover, and more years 
to establish; To the close student and ob- 
server this theory is new only in its applica- 
tion to our schools. It is the normal or 
natural method. This is the theory of edu- 
cation that antecedes all others. The ancients 
taught by objects, when but few of the most 
wealthy men of that day could afford books. 
In fact, text-book knowledge is a new thing 
to the world. The first teachers gave in- 
struction orally. They were, by the force of 
circumstances, independent of text-books. To 
this excellent plan has been added the writ- | 
ten method. Then, it was principally by 
observation that the pupils received instruc- 
tion. V>y placing the objects before the j 
pupils the teacher could easily reach their 
minds by his lecture. In this age black- j 
boards, spelling-tablets, slates, charts and 
other school apparatus is in general use in 
our best schools. In the schools of to-day, I 
it is through the eye that a mental picture is j 
formed from the printed page which children I 
draw upon paper or boards from the ends of ! 
their lingers. Well-qualified teachers do not 
think of depending upon text-books at their 
recitations, but rather imitate the ancient 
normal methods. In order to meet the de- j 
mand for better-qualified teachers, normal i 
training schools have been established in this j 
and other States. The teachers' institute is 
also an outgrowth of the demand for teachers j 
of a higher standard. Now, true education is 
admitted to be the drawing-out and develop- 
ing of that which the child already possesses, 

] instead of the old crowding theory of pioneer 
i days. 

There is perhaps no question which can 
so deeply interest the people of a county as 
that of obtaining teachers <A' known and 
tried ability. In the period of the early set- 
tlement of this county almost anyone could 
teach. That time, with all oi' its rude school 
appliances, has rolled away. The claims of 
to-day can no longer be met by appliances of 
even a decade ago, for experience is begin- 
nig to show that teaching, like every other 
department of human thought and activity, 
must change with the onward movements of 
society, or fall in the rear of civilization and 
become and obstacle to improvement. The 
educational problem of to-day is to obtain 
useful knowledge — to secure the practical 
part of education before the ornamental, and 
that in the shortest time. In truth, a free 
nation's safety is wrapped in the intelligence 
of its citizens. Only an educated people can 
long sustain a free republic, therefore, it is 
the duty of the State to educate, that her free 
institutions may stand through all ages as 
sacred and endeared monuments of the en- 
lightened people. 

Education sweetens and hedges in the fam- 
ily circle and drives away frivolity and gossip 
from a community, protecting the members 
from the inroads of vice and immorality. It 
is the strong bulwark of education that binds 
the nation of 56,Q00j00G people together for 
advancement that she may shine in the near 
future the brightest star in the constellation 
of governments. Rapid strides have been 
made in education within the last half cen- 
tury, but the field of improvement is yet 
boundless, and the work of education must 
still go on, and make perhaps greater changes 
than those from the time when 

" The sacred seer with scientific truth 

In Grecian temples taught the attentive youth, 



"VVitli ceaseless change how restless atoms pass 
From life to life, a transmigrating mass," 

to that of to-day, when men's thoughts are 
directed to the investigation of what they see 
around them. 

From the best data that can be had at this 
day it may be stated that the first school- 
house in the county was erected seven miles 
south and a little west of Greencastle, in the 
fall of 1823. It was of the pattern common 
in those days. Buildings for such purposes 
were then rude in the extreme, and it would 
be a matter of interest to record a description 
of one had they not already been described so 
frequently by those who attended them. L),r. 
John Slavens, Bryee \\ T . Miller, Alfred Bur- 
ton, Thomas Dodge, John Evans and James 
Robinson are named by old citizens. as among 
the early school-teachers of the county. 

A condensed statement of the condition of 
the schools of the county at the present time 
will serve as a fitting close to this article, and 
show at a glance the progress that has been 
made. The figures are taken from the last 
published report of the Superintendent of 
Public Instruction of Indiana. 

The amount of* the common school fund 
belonging to the State and held by Putnam 
County was $44,622.63 on dune 1, 1*86, and 
had increased §1,299.20 during the preceding 
year through fines and forfeitures paid into 
the Circuit Court and to justices. The Con- 
gressional township school fund held by the 
county amounts to s25.5ls.52, and is seldom 
increased, the only possible source of accre- 
tion being from the sale of land. 

During the year ending July 31. 1886, 
there was expended for tuition §42,410.83; 
for permanent improvements, $4,833.35; for 
other purposes, §12,020.16; total, §59,264.34. 

The enumeration or school census, taken 
May 1, l*S6, showed that there were in Put- 
nam Comity, between the a^es of si\ ami 

j twenty-one years, 3,962 white males; 3,552 
white females; 98 colored males, and 79 
i colored females; total, 7,691. The children 
i between ten and twenty-one who could not 
I read or write were in number but 26. The 
! enrollment in the public schools during the 

( year included 2,848 white males; 2,672 white 

I females; 60 colored males, and 59 colored 

| females; total enrollment, 5,639; average 

! attendance, 3,925. 

| There were- in the eounty, July. 31, 1886, 

I 14 brick school-houses and 118 frame school- 
houses;: total, 132. Three new houses had 

i been erected during the preceding year, at a 
cost of §2,275. 

The value of school-houses, including 
grounds, seats, etc., is stated in the aggregate 

' at 8166,901); that of apparatus at §6,371: 

| total value, §173,271. 

The average number of days taught in the 

I schools was 116. 


The Indiana Asbury University was ciiar- 
{ tered by the Legislature in 1837, under the 
patronage of the Indiana Annual Conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, in order 
that that church might share and bear a part 
in the education of the coming generations. 
The charter was as liberal, and guarantee* 1 
freedom from sectarianism as fully as any State 
institution, using the following language: 
'■•The Indiana Asbury University shall be 
founded and maintained forever upon a plan 
the m<»st suitable for the benefit of the youth 
i of every class of onrcitizens and every relig- 
ious denomination, who shall be freely ad- 
, mitted to equal advantages and privileges of* 
• education, and to all the literary honor.- of 
J said university, according to their merit." 
The enterprise of a few citizens of Green- 
castle and of Putnam County secured the 
! location, and the result has demonstrated 



their wise foresight. The students and fac- 
ulty have expended not less than $50,000 an- 
nually in the city and county, aggregating in 
the last fifty years not less than $2,500,000, 
This money has gone into the hands of every 
one who had anything to sell or anything 
to do. Besides this, many men of large means 
have been induced to locate here, adding ma- 
terially to the sum of wealth and enterprise. 

The preparatory department was opened I 
June 5, 1837, under Cyrus Nutt, A. B., with 
an attendance of six students. The school 
was then without building or endowment. 

The corner-stone of the first edifice was 
laid on the 20th of the same month, with im- 
posing ceremonies and an address by Rev. 
Henry D. Bascom, I). IX, of Kentucky. 
Nearly two years later. March, 1839, the first 
faculty' was constituted: Rev. M. Simpson, 
D. I)., President and Professor of Mathemat- 
ics; Rev. Cyrus Nntt, A. M., Professor of 
Ancient Languages: Rev. J. Weakley, A. 
M., Principal of the Preparatory Depart- 
ment; and John Wheeler, Tutor in Lan- 
guages. Thus, this enterprise, which was to 
live and grow for generations, to shed light 
and Christian truth upon the world, took its 
place among the educational institutions of 
the State to aid in the elevation and culture 
of the people. Upon it was centered the 
earnest attention and devout prayers of the 
church, and the gifts of the people, small, 
but liberal in proportion to their wealth, 
flowed in to erect the building and support 
the faculty. November 1, 1848, the Indiana 
Central Medical College was established at 
Indianapolis, with a full faculty, as a depart- 
ment of the university. The Law School 
was organized in the fall of 1853. Both 
these departments were afterward discon- 

From the beginning the trustees had en- 
tered upon the accumulation of a permanent 

endowment fund, by soliciting gifts and by 
the sale of scholarships. A perpetual 
scholarship, upon which the purchaser or his 
descendants could send a student perpetually 
without tuition, was placed upon the market 
at the sum of 8500. In 1841 the cost of 
perpetual scholarships was reduced to $100. 
In 1875 tuition was made free in all de- 
partments. In June, 1877, ladies had been 
admitted on equal terms with gentlemen. 
Asbury being one of the first institutions of 
like grade in the West to accord equal uni- 
versity privileges to females. 

A military department was organized in 
1876 by Capt. C. W. Smith and Major John 
L. McMasters, and in the following year 
Captain I). D. W heeler, TJ. S. A., was de- 
tailed by the War Department as Professor 
of Military Science and Tactics. The physi- 
cal culture and drill of the regular service, as 
carried out here, both promote health and 
qualify young men for command who could 
understandingly organize for the protection 
of property against strikes and riots. 

Marked success and great usefulness char- 
acterized the history of the university, and 
the management has been such as to win ap- 
probation and encomiums from both patrons 
and the public. The name of Asbury Uni- 
versity became known to all friends of educa- 
tion throughout the land, and during the 
latter years of its existence under that name, 
the attendance was from 400 to 500. Nearly 
seventy-five of Asbnry's alumni have been 
called to fill presidential and professional 
chairs in colleges located in fifteen States of 
the Union; county superintendents, princi- 
pals of high schools and academies, teachers 
in great numbers, members of the United 
States Senate, the Lower House of Congress, 
State Legislatures, missionaries to Turkey, 
China, India, Japan and South America; 
active, useful and honored citizens in all the 



avocations of life, Lave gone from her halls, 
and have contributed their culture, indepen- 
dence of thought and educational skill to 
denefit our State, and the nation as well, and 
to carry and illustrate and reflect our civil- 
ization and the Gospel of Christ to distant 
barbarous climes. 

With this gratifying record made under 
the old name, and with limited financial 
resources, the friends of the university are 
most sanguine as to the future history of the 
institution, which has entered upon a new 
period of its history, under advantages that 
m:ty easily make it one of the leading univer- 
sities of the United States. In 1883 
Washington C. De Pauw, a wealthy and phil- 
anthropic citizen of Xew Albany, Indiana, 
made the most liberal oilers of financial 
assistance to the university, conditioned 
partly on the raising of specified sums by the 
four Indiana conferences and the city of 
Greencastle (the hitter's share being §60,000), 
and also made provision by will for the dona- 
tion to the endowment fund of the institution 
of a large portion of his property, he being a 
millionaire several times over. In partial 
recognition of this munificence, the name of 
" De Pauw University " was adopted, and this 
it will bear during its future existence. Mr. 

De Pauw also, as president of the board of 
trustees and visitors, has during the last 
few years aided the university by his advice 
and sound business sagacity, which might 
have continued to serve the institution for 
many years longer, had his life not been sud- 
denly cut short, in May, 1887, while on a 
visit to Chicago. 

Though the new order of things is but just 
begun, four large and commodious new 
structures have been added to the university's 
group of buildings, besides the enlargement 
and improvement of others; 140 acres of land 
has been added to the campus: and while 
the Asbury College of Liberal Arts has 
been made more efficient than ever, it 
has been surrounded with the several 
schools of theology, law, music, line arts, 
normal instruction, etc., which constitute a 
university in fact as well as in name, and 
all advanced to the very front rank among 
the educational institutions of the great 

During the year 18S5-'86 the total attend- 
ance was 813, of whom sixty-nine graduated 
in 1886. There were over forty members of 
the faculty during the fame year. Alexander 
Martin, I). D., LL. D., is president of the 




NOTHING adds so much to 
the prosperity of a county 
as its agriculture. Man- 
[factures and mineral re- 
sources are desirable, 
but where they are the 
*£■<" !frt^5§> mam dependence there 

'~M : '[ ■'■?*i£i> will invariably be a poor, tgno- 
* H m '$ ; H-vP r ~j rant, unenterprising- class of 
■ ■• V-V'? citizens controlled by a few 

': V"'tV, r »Y J$& TT • " I> 4. 

ilPl^^i^ capitalists. Here in 1 utnani 
"^I'l-lit^^ County property is quite evenly 
te-rj i4 Y$$j& distributed, with the exception 

flP^ of a few large land-owners; all 
jj,^ are comfortably situated, and all 
tr enjoy educational and social ad- 
Putnam is destined to remain an agricult- 
ural county, and it is best so. As a farming 
region it ranks among the best in the State. 
Possessing the advantages of a good climate, 
a soil of inexhaustible fertility, close prox- 
imity to the markets of Chicago, Indianapo- 

lis and other cities, and excellent railroad 
facilities, the county has already attained a 
degree of agricultural development such as is 
seldom found in a country comparatively 
new. Its wealth and prosperity are steadily 
and rapidly increasing. When we consider 
that but two generations ago the red men 
were the owners of this region which now 


supports one of the most flourishing com- 
munities in the United States, we may well 
be astonished at the wonderful results which 
time and an intelligent industry have 
wrought. In many sections of our country 
lands which have been occupied by white in- 
habitants twice and thrice as long, exhibit 
not one-half of the improvements and sub- 
stantial evidences of real prosperty that Put- 
! nam County can show. Nature did much 
for this region, and a thrifty and progressive 
people have admirably co-operated with her 
efforts. Farms, buildings and improvements 
of every kind are of unusual excellence in 
this county. Numerous towns and villages 


scattered over the comity furnish abundant 
and convenient trading points and home mar- 
kets, while unexcelled educational and re- 
ligious advantages mate the homes of this 
county as desirable as those of any other 
locality in the State. 

The Putnam County farmers began at a 
very early day to improve the quality of their 
live-stock, giving especial attention to the 
breeding of cattle for the beef market. Many 
of the pioneers came from counties in Ken- 
tucky, which had then made considerable ad- 
vancement in that business. Colonel A. S. 
Farrow and Roach Fralces were among the 
earliest to introduce tine cattle into the 
county for breeding purposes. Colonel Far- 
row was also one of the foremost breeders of 
horses, and owned the first jack in the county. 
In 1845 Dr. A. G. Stevenson bought some 
thoroughbred cattle, the first in the county, 
from Mr. Owen, and in 1853 he imported 
three direct from England. 

The first fair for the exhibition of stock 
was held on the 7th day of September, 1837, 
on the ground occupied by the Presbyterian 
church recently destroyed by fire. It was 
but little more than a show of live-stock, 
held on the open ground, and without fees. 
A committee passed judgment on the merits 
of animals exhibited, but no premiums were 
paid. The horse owned by Colonel A. S. 
Farrow was adjudged the best in that de- 
partment, but the other winners on that day 
cannot now be remembered. 

In the year 183S or 1839, another fair was 
held on an open lot, near the present site of 
the university buildings. At this exhibi- 
tion a bull called Tecumseh, owned by 
Anderson V>. Matthews, took the premium in 
that class. 

Since that time there has grown up among 
the farmers of the county a spirit of emula- 
tion and enterprise, which has been the 

means of bringing into the county from other 
States, and from foreign countries, some of 
the best stock to be had anywhere. 

The Putnam County Agricultural Society 
was organized about the year 1852, and con- 
tinued to hold annual fairs for the exhibition 
of all kinds of stock, produce and manufact- 
ures, from 1853 to 1862. From the latter 
date until 1868 there Mere no fairs held by 
the society, owing to the unsettled state of 
the country occasioned by the civil war. The 
J society was then reorganized, and immedi- 
i ately fitted up grounds on the farm of Hon. 
i John A. Matson, east of the Bloomington 
i road, a short distance south of the Terre 
{ Haute & Indianapolis Railroad depot, where 
j it continued to hold its annual fairs until its 
| removal to new grounds, east of the city of 
1 Greencastle, in the fall of 1877. These 
grounds were leased of Andrew Lockridge. 
Fairs were held in 1878 and '7i>. and the 
society then became dormant. It still keeps 
up its organization, and will doubtless secure 
grounds and hold fairs again. The present 
officers are: 1>. F. Coleman, President; Heu- 
jamin F. Carver, Vice-President; Thomas 
E. Talbott, Treasurer, and W. S. Cox, Secre- 

The last published agricultural statistics 
are for 1884. In that year 41,163 acres— 
nearly two townships in area — were planted 
with wheat, and nearly as much, 39,985 acres, 
were devoted to corn. The production of 
these two staples was: wheat, 407,407 bushels; 
corn, 1,159,950 bushels. The oat acreage 
was 6,062; crop, 165,935 bushels. 

Timothy was raised on 22,280 acres, nearly 
a whole township, and the product was 
35,499 tons. A lso, 1 1,549 acres were planted 
to clover, and 19,328 tons of hay was the 

The acreage of timber land was reported at 
59,887: newly cleared land, 1,143 acres; idle 

iWM'oitr uv rui'NAM county 

plow land, 4,087 acres; land devoted to blue 
and other wild grasses, 96,804 acres. 

There were in the county 8,001 horses, 
1,108 mules, 17.5 10 head of cattle (4,928 of 
these wore milch cows), 23,400 stock hogs, 
27.(575 tatted hogs; weight of iatted hogs, 
4,680,343 pounds; 15,826 sheep, 0,996 lambs, 
13,205 dozen chickens, 000 dozen turkeys, 
310 dozen geese, 339 dozen ducks, 109 dozen 
guinea fowl. 

There were 1,718 stands of bees, producing 
21,573 pounds of honey. The number of 
eo-n's reported was 328,646 dozen. Sorghum 
molasses to the amount oi 10,384 gallons 
was produced, and 11,538 gallons of maple 
molasses, besides 580 pounds of sorghum 
sugar and 3.711 pounds of maple sugar. Of 
dairy products there were 1,579.007 gallons 
of milk and 324,307 pounds of butter; while 
of cider, wine and vinegar there were 13,027 
gallons, 50 gallons and 3,372 gallons, respec- 
tively. The wool clip amounted to 68,051 

There were 57,648 bearing apple trees, and 
27,101 under age; 11,812 bearing peach 
trees, and 14,285 underage; 2,038 pear trees, 
and 1.751 under age; 172 quince trees, and 
207 non-bearing; 4,535 bearing cherry trees, 
and 3,257 non-bearing; 191 bearing Siberian 
crab-apple trees, and 104 non-bearing; 5.70(5 
bearing grape vines, and 5,2(50 non-bearing. 

There are now 200,000 rods of drain-tile 
laid in Putnam County. 

Rapid development of a new country is 
only possible through a system of railroads, 
affording speedy, regular, safe and economical 
transportation. To fully open up a district 
like Illinois, Indiana or Kentucky, a whole 
generation was required. Xow, by the aid 
of railroads, the vast Territory of Dakota has 
within live years received a half million of 

inhabitants, and is ready to be converted into 
two new States — Dakota and Pembina — 
stars No. 39 and 40 in our Federal constella- 
tion. By the same agency Asia, Australia, 
South America and Africa are being rapidly 
civilized and developed. In short, the known 
world is being wonderfully enlarged. But 
for the iron horse Africa must remain the 
" dark continent " for countless generations. 
In view of present developments, it is to be 
the land of promise for emigrants in the 
twentieth century. 

In the early days of the county the farm- 
ers suffered greatly for lack of markets for 
their products. The best points at which 
they could dispose of their surplus grain 
were Madison and Lawrenceburg, on the 
Ohio, and La Fayette, on the Wabash River. 
In ihose days, too, they drove their fat hogs 
or. foot to Cincinnati, or to the ports on the 
lakes. Under such conditions no one had 
any idea of the future prosperity of the 

Terre Haute cfc Indianapolis Railroad. — 
But a day of change came — the day of rail- 
roads and steam transportation. One of the 
first railroads in the State was that from In- 
dianapolis to Terre Haute. This road was 
completed and opened for business early in 
the year 1852. The last rail on this road 
was laid on a Sunday morning, about midway 
between Greencastle and Fillmore. The 
Terre Haute & Indianapolis Railroad has 
in Putnam County 21.13 miles of main track, 
assessed at $13,000 per mile, or $274,690; 
7.17 miles of side track, assessed at $2,500 
per mile, or $17,925. Rolling stock is as- 
sessed at $5,000 per mile of main track, or 
$105,050; improvements on right of way 
are assessed at $1,752. Total assessed valu- 
ation of road in this county, $400,017; taxes 
paid to county, $3,744.62. 

The stations in this county are Fillmore, 

MlSUtiU.AXKuVs. ;;!i 

Greencastle, "I [amriek and Reelsville. The j has in the county 17.2s miles of main track, 
townships crossed, with mileage in each, are assessed at §5,000 p. r mile, or §80,400, and 
as follows: Marion, 6.04: Greencastle, G.69; | 1.49 miles of side track, assessed at £2 000 
Warren. 1.33: Washington, 7.10. This road or §2,980. Rolling stock is assessed at *!.- 
forms part of, an- is generally spoken of as 300 per mile, or $22,404. and improvements 
the « Vandalia Line." j on right of way at 80go . SQ thftt fche ^ 

Louisville, JS/ew Albany d? Chicago Rail- j assessment within the county is §112,491, on 
road.— This road vas built in 1S53 from ' which §1,080.50 taxes are paid. 
New Albany to Michigan City. It has in The only stations in Putnam County are 

Putnam County 32.21 miles of main track, Roachdale and Russell ville. The townships 
assessed at §5,000 per mile, or §161,050; crossed, and mileage in each, are: Jackson, 
5.22 miles of side track, assessed at §2,000 per 5.62; Franklin, 5.65; Russell n He, 6.01. 
mile, or §10,4-10. The rolling stock is as- 
sessed at §1,500 per mile, or §48,315, and the summakv. 
improvements on right of way at §1,935: 

total assessment of the road in the county, Altogether these four railroads have in the 
§221,740: and it pays §2,151.40 in taxes. C0llll ty N9.99 miles of main track, assessed at 
Tins railroad has in the county the stations 8686,785, and 17.14 miles of side track, as- 
of Roachdale, Bainbridge, Greencastle, Green- sessed at §37,805. The rolling stock is as- 
castle Junction, Putnamville and Cloverdale. sesS(x5 :lfc §220,980, and improvements on 
The townships crossed, and mileage in each, r ''» ut ot " way, §5,807. Total valuation, 
are: Franklin, 6.06; Monroe, 0.2S; Green- §95M''7; taxes, from §8,000 to §10,000 
castle, 7.49: Warren, 6.54; Cloverdale, 5.84. a»»«ally. 

Indianapolis ck St. Laid* Railroad. The 

Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad extends 

through the central portion of the county, It is a matter of necessity that a county 
east and west, nearly parallel to the Vandalia should have buildings suitable for the trans- 
Line, and was completed duly 11, 1870. It action of public business, the administration 
has in Putnam County 19.37 miles ol' main of justice, the preservation of records and for 
track, assessed at §8.500 per mile, or §164,- many other purposes. The courts of the 
645, and 3.20 miles of side track, assessed at county were at first held at private houses, 
§2,000 per mile, or §0,520. Rolling stock and afterward, as stated by old citizens, at the 
is assessed at §2,300 nor mile, or §44,551, Methodist church in Greencastle. The first 
and improvements on right of way at §1,530: court-house was a two-story frame building, 
total assessment in this county, §217,240, on erected in 1827 and 1828, by Amos Robert- 
which it pays §2,078.35 taxes. son. under the supervision of Arthur 

The stations in Putnam County are Green- McGaughey, clerk and recorder of the county. 
castle and Oakalla. The townships crossed. This building remained in use until 1832 
and mileage in each, are: Floyd, 2.17: Ma- when a. single-story, hip-roofed brick house 
Hon, 4; Greencastle, 0.77; Madison, 6.43. was erected in its 'stead, which continued in 

Indianapolis, Decatur & Springfield Rail- use until the erection of the present edifice. 
road.— This road skirts the county on Us On Monday. March 2, 1846, in the Board 
northern border, and was built in 1873. it | of County Commissioners, with Anderson R. 


Matthews, president, on motion of Delana R. 
Eckels, Esq., it was 

"Resolved, That it is the duty of this Board 
to take some preparatory steps toward the 
erection of a sufficient court-house for the 
transaction of the public business and the 
convenience of the people of Putnam 

The ayes and noes being called on this reso- 
lution, resulted as follows: Ayes — James 
Athey, Lloyd B. Harris, Thomas Shipman, 
Thomas Morris, William McKinley, John 8. 
Jennings, William W. Berry, John Miller, 
Samuel Adams, Caleb B. Osborn, James 
Johnson, Joseph Albin, Stacy R. Youngman, 
Dillard C. Donnohue, James L. Boyd, James 
B. Wilson and John Leaton — 17. Noes — 
John M. Pureell, Curran E. Swift, David 
Barnes, Isaac Hurst, Quinton Van Dyke, 
Robert Case, William Perkins, William 
Sanders, Thomas Miller and Sylvester W. 
Perry— 10. 

At the same meeting the Board appointed 
John K. Dawson, John Reel, Francis Dun- 
lavy, William Arnold and Norval F. Kennedy 
a committee to prepare plans and receive bids 
for material and for the erection of a court- 
house. This committee reported and were 
discharged on June 2, 1846, without having 
completed the business assigned them, and 
the work went over to the September term. 

At the September term Elisha Braman 
was appointed to prepare a draft of a build- 
ing, to be submitted to the auditor, who 
should give public notice that bids for the 
erection of the same would be received on the 
second day of the December term. On Tues- 
day, December 8, 1846, a committee appointed 
on the previous day to examine plans and speci- 
fications, reported in favor of the plan pre- 
sented by Mr. Braman, and on the following 

day a contract for bnilding was awarded 
to Elisha Adamsou, at the sum of $8,500. It 
was finished and accepted in 1848, and the 
builder was allowed $225.25 for extras. At 
the time the contract was let the old house 
was sold for the sum of 8151, to William S. 
Collier, who was ordered to remove it from 
the ground before the first day of June fol- 
lowing, that the erection of the new building 
might begin at that date. A new court- 
house is needed and will be built in a few 

The first jail, a log one, was built in the 
! year 1823. A brick building for the same 
j purpose was erected in 1830, which continued 
i in use until 1863, when one was built at a 
J cost of §12,000. The new jail was built in 
I 1878. 

On the 5th day of January, 1836, the 
Board of County Commissioners bought of 
Henry Batterton a farm to be used as an asy- 
lum for the poor of the county, allowing him 
therefor the sum of $720. This land was 
entered by Mr. Batterton October 14, 1825. 
Suitable buildings were constructed on the 
poor-farm during the summer after its pur- 
chase. The present edifice was erected in the 
year 1845. 


The county nearly attained its growth in 
population before 1860. By the census of 
that year there were 20,681 inhabitants. In 
1870 there were 21,518, and in 1880, 22,501. 
The population by townships in 1880 was: 

Clinton, 1,016; Cloverdale, 2,043; Floyd, 
1,152; Franklin, 1,458; Greencastle, 5,525; 
Jackson, 1,487; Jefferson, 1,108; Madison, 
1,090; Marion, 1,430; Mill Creek, 511; 
Monroe, 1,477; Russell, 1,294; Warren, 
1,075; Washington, 1,835. 



»*\t/*.-fv-^ . — ^ 

*^C<? L^ 

w -.^4 TOWN B. ^ f§ 

#^.nr-nrTnrir-rr n »» ;i r i ~rr- m t t \x ~tjl u i s 1 1 ! 7 n irTrn u * ' a rr u "o t nxSV-'frpfr 


-^•^r^^^l^IlE (Jcend Assembly 
r^^^&lfmi of Indiana, at the same 
session wmen organ- 
ized the county, ap- 
pointed Jacob Lowe, 
!|^' rf ^^^^ r |Fij of Muiiroc County, 
Daniel Anderson, of Owen 
County, and Judge Colman, 
of Vermillion County, com- 
missioners to locate and name 
the seat of justice for Put- j 
|b nam County. After consid- I 
r< ', . i^5/> ; '■' : ' ;i '''''' di'V.y. (>(•(>, isimicl by 
.^■•j'^X^*^ the examination of several '' 
^Wlf'Y^ rival places, pointed out by 
person^ residing in different 
parts of the county, each anxious to secure | 
the location of the county seat in his own 
neighborhood, the present site of Greencastle | 
was selected and established as the capital j 
and seat of justice for the county. 

When Greencastle was laid out the site 
contained 100 acres of land. The old plat is 
hounded on the north by Liberty street, on I 

the cast by Locust street, on the south by 
llanna street, on the west by Gillespie street, 
and was originally divided into 214 lots. 

That part <»!' the city which lies between 
Locust mid Indiana streets was granted by 
Ephraim Dukes, having been entered by him 
January 25, 1821, and was deeded by him to 
Amos Robertson, agent for Putnam County, 
on the 27th day of September, 1823. in con- 
sideration of the location of the county seat 
at that place. 

The west half of the old plat was given by 
John W. (lark, a son-in-law of Mr. Dukes. 
This grant was entered by Mr. Clark on the 
17th day of September, 1822. The <1,^\ 
conveying this land to John Laird, agent for 
Putnam County, was not recorded until June 
7, 1825. 

Mr. Dukes came from near Greencastle, 
Pennsylvania, and the county seat of Put- 
nam County was named by him in honor of 
that place. 

In the deed conveying the eastern half of 
the town, Mr. Dukes reserved to himself Lots 



No. VJ.\ and P>4. Four other lots were re- j square brought from §3 to $7 apiece, Each 
served as places for the erection of churches ' of these lots, both these lying adjacent to the 
of as in any different religious denominations j public square and those at a distance from 
— the Methodists, the Baptists, the Presby- j the same, constituted an entire quarter of a 
terians and the New Lights. The former ' square. 

three denominations became firmly estab- j Business was begun almost immediately 
lished in the town and the county, and to the i upon the sale of lots. The first house built 
present day are influential bodies of Chris- j in town after it was laid out was put up by a 
tians. ! man called Jug John Wilson. The first 

[t is a matter of interest to know the esti- j house erected on the square was built Uy 
mate placed by purchasers upon certain ! Pleasant Wilson,, it stood on or near She 

prominent lots when the town was laid out i lot now occi 

>y me Thorn burg Block, ;\i 
\m\ who were the first owners of favorite \ the northwest corner of the public square. 
selections. At the first sale of lots, which i The first goods sold by a resident merchant 
took place on September 1, 1822. Lot No, iU, '. near Grecncastlc were sold by Joseph Thorn - 
the same being the south iiait* on the west 

are. sold to J 

■s Tab 


:>;2. !vin 


ijuro, in the rear 1823. The first store 
opened for business in town was owned and 
managed by General Joseph Orr, who has 
recently died at La Porte, Indiana. Me 
eommeneed selling goods at Greencastle in 
the veai 1823, on the north side of thb square, 

north of the former, and now occupied with 
the Thornbnrg P>loek, sold to Joseph Thorn- 
burg for $b'0; Nt. 100, the west half on the 
north side of the pubiic square, sold to Juhal i near the northwest corner. The next mer- 
Deweese for AS?'; No. 1 1 :3, the next lot east, : chant in Greencastle was Lewis II. Sand-. 
sold to Joshua II. Lucas for *oi; No. 121, ! In the spring or summer of the year 1823 
the north haif on the east side o! the public I Mr. Sands, then quite a young man, brought 

sold to David Matlock tor §70; No. I a box of cr 

s in a. one -in 

:arrv-all ft 

122, lying immediately south of X<\ 121, | Louisville, Kentucky After his arrival at 
sold to Thomas Deweese for §100; No. 112, I Greencastle he erected a log store-house on 
the east half on the South side of the public I the lot east of that occupied by the store of 
square, sold to John Oat man for £0tf; No. Mr. Orr, In this house Mr. Sands continued 
101, the next lot west, sold to Samuel M, \ to transact business for a number of yt-iu^, 
IJigu-s for §i0. and his store soon became recognized as one 

At the second sale, Lot No. 90, the same of the prominent features of the town, and 
being outside of the southwest corner of the ; indeed of the county. 

square, was sold to Isaac. Ash for $41; No, Members of other occupations and profes- 

93, outside of the northwest corner, sold to j sions soon began to arrive. The first physi- 
Abraham Wooley for $158; No. 120, occupy- I cian who practiced medicine in the town and 
ing a similar position at the northeast cor- ; vicinity was Dr. Enos Lowe. The date of 
ner, sold to Samuel Hunter for $83.50; No. ' his arrival cannot now be stated with eer- 

123, at the southeast corner of the square, ; tainty, but it was very soon after the estab - 
now occupied by D. L. Southard's Block, ! lishment of the town. In the fall of 1820 

sold for 8111 to .\:i}m:* Trotter 

Dr. L. M. Kniwht and Dr. A. C. Stevenson 

Lots lying at a distance from the public I came and engaged in the practice of their 


profession. A Mr. Twigg opened the first 
blacksmith shop. William K. Cooper was 
the first saddler, and Jefferson Walls the 

The first school-house in Greencastle was 

rival for the sent of county government. The 
location of the National Road through Put- 
namville was a strong but insufficient argu- 
ment in favor of that village. The contro- 
versy led to bitter feuds between the 

erected on the lot recently owned by David | inhabitants of Greencastle and those of Put- 
Teage, deceased, and now occupied by his ! namville. The village grew by degrees and 

son, Edward Teage. 

the log huts of which it was composed gave 

The first tavern was kept by Jubal De- way to a better class of buildings. 

weese, in a loo; house that was afterward (in | One of the earliest to en<ja<xc in the iin- 

n , - I . 

1840) used for a postoffice. This house stood provement of the town was the late Captain 

on the ground occupied by Edward flanne- j William II. Thornburg, a native of Wash- 
man's opera-house, and it was removed by j ington County, Virginia, brought up in 
him to make room for that building, being Tennessee, well educated and having a large 
the last of the old log houses to disappear | experience in steamboating. He came in 1824, 
from the borders of the public square. I at the age of twenty yea r= to Putnam County, 

The first child born in Greencastle was j and engaged for awhile in teaching school 
Columbus D. Seller, son of John F. Seller, I for the neighborhood settled along Little 
on the 11th of October, 1824. Mary Ann j Walnut. After tho death of his wile, which 
Glidewell, daughter of Robert Glidewell, ' occurred in a few years, he returned again to 
was the first ^irl born in the town. She be- | the river. Coming a second time to the 
came the wife of Isaac Mark, and is still j county in 1830, lie settled in Greencastle, 

and, in 1835, erected on the present site of 
the National Bank building the first brick 
store in town. About the same time he 
erected a brick house on the corner of Xndi- 
The next who died there was Benjamin i ana ami Poplar streets. Captain Thornbun? 
Akers. lie was buried in the old cemetery, j owning the first money-safe in the county, 
and his grave was the first in that place of I his store became, in effect, a place of deposit, 
rest. j where spectators, merchants and tanners 

The town is located near the geographical \ alike found a secure place of keeping their 
center of Putnam County, and is in latitude : surplus funds. The first sidewalk in Green- 
air 40' 43.2" X. and longitude 80° 51' 49.2" j castle was laid from Captain Thornburgs store 
west from Greenwich. It is situated upon j to the Methodist church, on the corner of 
very high ground, somewhat undulating, is ! Indiana and Poplar streets. 

living in one of the Western States. 

The first death, in Greencastle was that of. 
stranger. His remains lie in or near the or 
chard now belonging to heirs of Jacob Da^gy 

underlaid with a fine quality of limestone, is 
well watered and surrounded by a rich aeri- 

The town continued to grow in variety an/ 
extent of its business enterprises, the charac 

cultural country. Its founders mostly came ter of its improvements and the number of 
from the State of Kentucky, and they laid j its inhabitants; but it is impossible to follow 
out the town after the style of the towns of i these advancements step by step as they oc- 
thcir native State — with a court-house square \ eurred. This must be left to the biogra- 
in the center. The town of Putnaraville, ilvc j pliers of the noble few who still linger about 
miles south of Greencastle, was for a time its j the scenes of their early days. 


The town not only improved in character i 
and population, but also grow in extent". The 
first addition made to its territory was a dona- 
tion of live acres of land on the southeast, by 
Isaac Legg, who then owned what is known 
as the .Southern Enlargement of Greeneastle. j 
This land was entered hy him on April 11, 

What is known as the Eastern Enlarge- ! 
incut was sold hy Dr. John Shivens, who had 
recently removed from Kentucky, to a com- j 
panv composed of the following-named gen- ! 
tlemen: Alexander ('. Stevenson, John V. \ 
Seller, John Thornhurg. Sam uel Taylor, Allen j 
B. Lyon, Lewis 11. Sands, Join. Standeford, I 
Daniel Siegler, Ueose llurdesty, William E. I 
Talbutt, IHram E. Tnlbott and William K. j 
Cooper. iJy them it was laid out in town j 
lots October 20, LS35. 

Ash, Allen and Peck's enlargement was 

entered by Masten Hunter, October .17, 1822, j 
and May 10. lS23,and sold hy him to James j 
Allen. This addition was laid out by John j 
Allen, administrator of the estate of .fames S 
Allen, cm February 28. 1838. 

Railroad Enlargement was entered by Xa- j 
tlianiel and Samuel Tnlbott, February 13, 

Depot Enlargement was laid out by J. I*. 
Sincler, September 5, LS52, on land entered 
by General Joseph Orr on April 21, 

Other additions to the town of more or 
less importance have been made at various 
places and different times, but events of j 
another kind demand notice. 

The history of Greeneastle for a period of j 
more than fifty years was one of uninter- j 
rnpted prosperity. During that time no 
great calamity of any kind befell the city to j 
mar the general prosperity or happiness of 
its citizens. No great epidemic or contagion j 
lias ever spread vt-itjj i/i its borders, and the ! 

religions character of its citizens has allowed 
no moral deformity to rear itself in their 

The history of the city up to the memora- 
ble night of October 28, 1874, shows a re- 
markable exemption from tires, only four of 
any note having occurred previous to that 
date. These were the destruction of Mr. 
Sinclair's woolen-mill in 1865, Mr. Ifigert's 
brewery in 1871, Mr. Gage's flouriug-mil] in 
1872, and the female college in the year fol- 
lowing, ^n consequence of this immunity 
from anything like a general conflagration. 
the city was totally unprepared for such an 
emergency when the time of trial came. 

On the night mentioned, about half-past 
10 o'clock, the planing-mill of 0. J. Kimble 
Oe Son caught lire and was soon enveloped in 
names. A brisk gale from the southwest 
carried the horning embers in its course, and 
in the short, space of four or five hours nearly 
.>ix squares of the best business blocks and 
private residences were hud waste. In those 
few hours were consumed thirty-seven busi- 
ness houses, twelve dwellings, two livery- 
stables, one hotel, one furniture-factory, one 
express office and the postofh'ce. Added to 
these, a large number of out-houses and a 
vast amount of personal property fell a prey 
to the devouring flames. Both in its sudden- 
ness and destructiveuess, the damage done to 
Greeneastle was greater in proportion to size, 
population and wealth than that done to 
Chicago hy the great fire in that city. 

At the anniversary meeting held by the 
citizens one year after the tire, the committee 
on losses and insurance reported a loss of 
capital amounting to 8256,134, on which 
there was an insurance of $110,281. The 
same committee reported that there should 
be added to the above sum a considerable 
amount of unestimated loss, making the total 
much larger than that presented, and the 



historical committee placed their estimate at 
the sum of §400,000. 

On the night of March 8, 1875, another 
fire broke out, originating in Sherfey's furni- 
ture store. The flames were soon communi- 
cated to the block of buildings fronting on 
the south side of the square, the best block 
remaining in the city. The reported losses 
by this fire were in the aggregate §4:3.077, 
on which there was an insurance of §37,627. 

Never did the character of Greencastle's 
citizens show to better advantage than during 
the year succeeding the tire. Within that 
time there were made, or ;. early completed, 
brick and stone improvements to the value 
of 8252.500, and wooden buildings and re- 
pairs worth §98,305, making a total of §350,- 
8(35. These works required the consumption 
of 4,805,000 brick, v\<\ stone valued as it 
came from the quarry at 830,000. Daring 
the same period there w«*re made by the 
city street improvements worth §0,000. 
Within the same time the s ity had provided 
two lire-engines, two engine-houses with 
alarm-bells, eleven cisterns and one pool, 
having a united capacity of nearly ten thou- 
sand barrels, and there was organized a lire 
department in two companies, already well- 
drilled and disciplined, to fight the fire-fiend 
wherever he might show his lurid front. 

At the end of the year there were in the 
city seventy-five mercantile houses, employ- 
ing a business capital, exclusive of cash and 
real estate necessary for their various opera- 
tions, amounting in the aggregate to §355,- 
000, doing a business of over §900,000 per 
annum, employing directly about one hundred 
and seventy-live persons, and supporting over 
four hundred and fifty. 

There were, also, eighteen manufacturing 
establishments, having a combined capital of 
§'100,000, and employing three hundred and 
fifty-eight operatives. The weekly payments 

for labor in these were §4,515, and per annum 
§212.000. The annual products from these 
factories were worth at first sale §587,400. 
The value of raw material consumed cannot 
be given. These estimates for merchandis- 
ing and manufacturing arc given exclusive 
of persons indirectly employed, stieli as rail- 
roaders, draymen and common laborers. 

In the year 1800 the census showed i 
population of about 2,200, and in the year 
1870 nearly 3,400. In 1880 there were 
8,644 inhabitants, and there are in ISS7 cer- 
tainly 4,000. This is exclusive of several 
hundred students who are here ten months of 
each year, in attendance on DePauw Uni- 

The city, by reason of being high, has been 
inaccessible to railroads, and the three roads 
that have been built have of necessity been 
placed on lower ground on two opposite 
sides of it. The result of this has been to 
cause the dwellings to bo scattered over the 
intervening space between the depots, a dis- 
tance of a mile and a half. 

The early growth of the city was in extent 
of territory, causing it to become what is 
called a scattered place; but the more recent 
tendency is to fill up the intervening spaces, 
giving it much more the appearance of a 
city. Yet there is room within its borders 
for many more citizens, and by reason of the 
undulating surface, many elegant building- 
lots may be found upon high, eligible sites, 
near to business and with ample room for all 
the comforts and conveniences of the most 
luxurious home. 


The town of Greencastlc was incorporated 
under charter of the Legislature of the State 
of Indiana, on the 0th day of March, 1849. 
The charter was written by Delana I*. Eckels, 
who was chosen first town mayor. Henry 



Daniels was the first clerk. The first com- 
mon council were: For the First Ward, 
Russell L. Hathaway; for the Second Ward, 
Isaac Ash; for the Third Ward, Albert G. 
Preston; for the Fourth Ward, Hiram Mar- 
shall; for the Fifth Ward, Joseph F. Farley. 

The following-named persons appear of 
record to have served as mayor under the 
town government: Delana K. Eckels, from 
March 9, 1849, to May 2, 1850; Russell L. 
Hathaway, from May 2, 1850, to March 13, 
1851; John Hanna, from March 13, 1851, to 
March 7, 1^54; Hiram Marshall, from March 
7, 1851, to October 2, 1850; Dillard C. Don- 
nohue, from October 2, 1850, to March 5, 
1857; Joseph F. Farley, from March 5, 1857, 
to October 0, 1859; Keuben S. Ragan, from 
October G, 1859, to March 15, i860; J.. S. 
Baehelder, from March 15, 1860, to January 
3, 1861 ; from. January 3, 1801, to March 7, 
1861, Henry J lough, recorder, filled the 
office of mayor pro tempore; Edward It. 
Kerchival, from March 7, 1861, to August 9, 
of the same year. This last-named date 
jnarks the close of the town government. 

At the last named date the city charter 
superseded that of the town, and the city 
government went into operation under the 
following corps of officers: Mayor, Edward R. 
Kerchival; Clerk, Henry G. Hough; Treas- 
urer, William Atherton; Marshal, Benjamin 
Prichard. Since that time the following- 
named persons have held the office of mayor: 
Edward R. Kerchival, from the date of organ- 
ization to May 12, 1862: Marshall A. Moore, 
from May 12, 1862, to May 7, 1866; Milton 
A. Osborn, from May 7, 1866, to May 11, 
1868. During this term, the name of Eli .1). 
Anderson frequently appears as mayor pro 
tempore. The next mayor was II. W. 
Daniels, who held the office from May 11, 
1868, to May 5, 1870, and was succeeded by 
William A. Brown, from the last-named date 

to May 13, 1872, when he was followed in 
office by .Mayor William D. Allen, until May 
8, 1876, and Lucius i\ Chapin, from May 8, 
1876, to the 13th of May, 1880. Then John 
II. Miller was mayor until the 8th of May, 
1884, when Joseph W r . McClary, the present 
mayor, came into office. The other city 
officers in 1887 are: Clerk, Elislia Oowgill; 
Treasurer, James A. Jackson; Marshal, 
Emory Starr; Councilmen, First Ward, D. L. 
Peters and. Jacob Ratliff (deceased); Second 
Ward, F. P. Nelson and II. C. Darnall; 
Third Ward, Charles Callender and Patrick 


The building of the first church in Green- 
castle by the Methodist;-^ and the early history 
of that denomination, as well as the account 
of the first organization of the Presbyterian 
church, has already been given as belonging 
to the early history of the county. The old 
log church continued in use as a, place of 
worship until the year 1833, when the con- 
gregation erected a square brick church on 
lot 126, at the corner of Indiana and Poplar 
streets. After the old log church ceased to 
be used as such, it was removed by John 
Hammond, and rebuilt near his residence for 
a wash-house, for which purpose it continued 
to serve until it was consumed in the great 
fire of October 28, 1871. 

The church on the corner of Indiana and 
Poplar streets was the home of the congrega- 
tion until the erection of Roberts Chapel, 
when it was remodeled and furnished as a 
parsonage, for which it was occupied until it 
fell a prey to the flames on the memorable 
28th of October, 1874, at which time it was 
occupied by Rev. Samuel Beck and family. 

Roberts Chapel, on lot 155, fronting on 
College avenue at the crossing of Poplar 
street, was built in the year 1847, and for 
thirty-one years has been a place of worship. 



Upon the change of the first Sunday-school 
in Greencastle to the Presbyterian chnrch, 
the Methodists organized an independent 
Sunday-school in their church, on the corner 
of Indiana and Poplar streets, March 27, 
1835. In 1847 it was removed to Roberts 
Chapel, where it has ever since continued its 
regular meetings. 

The Second Charge Methodist Episcopal 
Church was organized in 1850, and Simpson 
Chapel, a commodious, well-constructed two- 
story brick edifice, was built at the corner of 
College avenue and Seminary street. This 
charge remained in the Northwest Indiana 
Conference until the year 1852, when it was 
transferred to the Indiana Conference, in 
which connection it continued until its 
retransfer in 1868. It remained a separate 
congregation until 1871, when it and Roberts 
Chapel congregation were consolidated. In 
the year 1875 Simpson Chanel was given to 
the Locust Street Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and the materia] was rebuilt into the edifice 
of that church. 

The year 1872 marks the establishment of 
the Greencastle Mission, under the pastoral 
charge of Rev. William C. Davidson. For 
the next two years it was known as South 
Greencastle Charge, and under the ministry 
of Rev. IE. A. Rnchtel rapidly grew into an 
influential congregation, which, in the year 
1875. was organized into Locust Street Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and its present house 
of worship, occupying the old site of the 
Female College at the corner of Locust :m<\ 
Anderson streets, was erected. This charge 
was transferred to the Indiana Conference in 
the fall of 1877. 

After the dissolution of the First Presby- 
terian congregation in Greencastle, the Rev. 
James Shields, while a missionary in Putnam 
County, about the year 1831, labored a part 
of the time in Greencastle. A new organiza- 

tion was effected July 14, 1833, by .Rev. S. 
G. Lowery and Rev. W. W. Woods; but no 
elders were elected until 1834, when John S. 
Jennings and James S. llillis were chosen to 
that office. This congregation erected a 
brick church on lot 23, in the year 1830. 
This house is now occupied as a residence. 
The next house of worship of this church, a 
two-story brick edifice, was begun and put in 
a state to be occupied in the year 1853; but 
it was not completed and dedicated until 
1864. This building was destroyed by lire, 
on the 16th of April, 1870. The congrega- 
tion then worshiped in Brown's Hall until 
the erection of the present handsome brick 
church in 1879, at the corner of College a e- 
nue and Poplar street, The first resident 
minister of this church was Rev. James 11. 
Wheelock, who, in turn, was followed by ll-,-. 
James II. Shields, Rev. Ransom Ifawley, 
Rev. Thomas H. Milligan and Rev, T. M. 

The Second Presbyterian Church was r- 
ganized in 1849, and a church, was built on. 
lot 171, at the corner of Washington street 
and College avenue. This building was oc- 
cupied until about the year 1808, when a 
substantial two-story brick was erected at 
the corner of Locust and Anderson streets, on 
the site now occupied hy the Locust Street 
Methodist Episcopal Church. After the 
union of the two branches of Prosbyterianism, 
March 9, 1870, this building passed into the 
hands of the Female College of Indiana, hy 
which it was occupied until it was burned in 
the fall of 1873. 

The lirst Sunday-school in Greencastle was 
organized April 13, 1834, hy Miss Myra 
Jewett, the present wife of John S. Jennings, 
Esq., in a private school-house on th.a lot 
where Dr. A. G. Preston now lives. It was 
afterward made a union school, and Esquire 
Jennings became, the first Sunday-school 



superintendent in Green castle. This school 
was finally transferred to the Presbyterian 
church, and has had a continuous existence of 
over fifty-three years. 

The Baptist church was established in 
Greencastle at a very early day, and a brick 
church was built west of the square, which 
was occupied for a number of years. Another 
was then erected on lot 179, the site of their 
present building. It was blown down by a 
hurricane in the winter of 1867. The house 
now in use was built soon after the destruc- 
tion of the former one. and stands at the cor- 
ner of Poplar and Water streets. 

For a number of years the Christian 
church of Greencastle worshiped in the court- 
house- Their present church building dates 
from the year 1855. 

There are three colored churches in Green- 
castle —the African Methodist Episcopal 
Church, on Locust street, the Ilanna Street 
African Methodist Episcopal Church and the 
African Baptist Church, at the south end of 

The Catholic church (generally called the 
Mother Church) was the pioneer church of 
Indiana, missions having been established 
among the Indians long before the settlement 
of the country by tiie white race, by her 
missionaries, who traversed the country from 
the Ohio River to Jie great lakes preaching 
salvation to the red man, and teaching him 
the great truths contained in the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ. Wherever a tribe was found, 
there the humble priest of the Catholic 
church erected the altar of God and celebrated 
the sacrifice of the mass, speaking words of 
love and peace to the poor, untutored sons of 
the forest. Many of those noble men yielded 
up their lives at the hands of those they came 
to save, but at last devotion to the cause of 
Christ conquered the barbarian, and love for 
the "black robe" (as the priest was called 

I by the Indians) took the place of hatred in 

\ the breast of the savage. Ever afterward the 

i Catholic priest was a welcome visitor, his 

i habit being his only defense. His coming 

! was made a rime of rejoicing, and the Indians 

' gathering around, listened eagerly to the 

: words of truth as he spoke them forth. All 

this was changed by the dishonesty of the 

white traders, which turned the Indian's love 

to hate, and ever since lie has remained the 

| foe of the white man. 

The Catholic church was not established 
in Putnam County as early as in the other 
parts of the State. Father Larimer, a French 
priest located at Terre Haute, celebrated the 
j first mass, and preached the first sermon, in 
i a small private house near the Vandalia 
j depot, about the year 1850. After him came 
i Father William Doyle, a missionary, who 
] established a church on Locust street in 
i 1853, and named it St. Benedict. This build- 
ing was used until 1869 or 1870, when the 
Presbyterian church was purchased. The 
! Catholics enlarged and improved this build- 
| ing, which was then dedicated by the Rt. 
j Rev. Maurice DePallias, Bishop of Vincennes, 
: in which diocese Greencastle is located, and 
| received the mime of St. Paul's Catholic 
i Church, in honor of that great apostle. After 
| Father Doyle came Father O'FIaherty, who 
| was located at Crawfordsville. The next was 
I Father Highland, who presided over the 
' church in Putnam, Parke and Owen coun- 
i ties. Owing to the scarcity of priests, one 
J often had jurisdiction over several counties. 
j Father Mogin. also of Crawfordsville, and 
j officiating in Montgomery, Putnam, Parke, 
i Monroe, Lawrence and Fountain counties, 
! was the next pastor of this church, and the 
| purchaser of their present house. He was 
followed by Fathers Clement, Bischof O'Don - 
ovan and Thomas II. Logan, the present in- 
cumbent, all located at Greencastle. 



The church here is in a flourishing condi- 
tion, being composed of about one hundred 
families. In 1875 the congregation erected 
the priest's residence on the corner of Wash- 
ington street and College avenue, adjoining 
the church. It is an elegant property, and 
together with the church, is worth about 
$8,000. A parochial school building is now 
in process of construction. 


The public schools of the city are the 
growth of the last twenty-two years. Prior 
to ,1865 the city had no public-school 
buildings worthy the name. Her schools, 
such as they were, were taught in abandoned 
churches, dilapidated old buildings, curiously 
called forts, and in old dwellings unlit for 
human habitation. Since 18G5 the city has 
been awake to this most important interest. 
Late in that year two citizens of Greencastle 
procured the passage by the Legislature of 
the act authorizing cities to issue bonds to aid 
in building school-houses. Under the benefi- 
cent operations of this act, three commodious 
and costly school-houses have been erected, 
and an excellent system of graded schools 
established, offering to the children of the 
city as good an education as can be given in 
any city in the State. 

The public-school property is worth not 
less than $75,000. The Second Ward build- 
ing was completed and occupied in the fall 
of 1867, the one in the First Ward two years 
later, and the building in the Third AVard 
in the fall of 1877. The First Ward build- 
ing is on the north side of Liberty street, the 
Second Ward building is on the south side 
of Anderson street, east of Bloomington, and 
the Third Ward building is on the south side 
of Elm street, east of Central avenue. Alvah 
Brockway is President of the School Board; 
William E. Stevenson, Secretary; A. T. 

Kelly, Treasurer; James Baldwin, Superin- 


The town of Cloverdale is situated on the 
L., N. A. & C. Uailroad, twelve miles south 
of Greencastle, and is the largest town in the 
county, exclusive of the county seat, having 
a population of 500. It was laid out by 
Andrew T. McCoy and Moses Nelson, in 183;J, 
and stands on section 1, township 12, range 
4, and section 6, township 12, range 3. 

The first store was kept by a man named 
Fuller, in Nelson's old building. He was 
followed by Harrison and Richard Grooms 
and John and William Sandy. 

Through the instrumentality of Dr. Dyer 
a seminary was erected in Cloverdale, in 
1850, which was carried on for about three 
years. Professor William Bray was the first 
principal, and was followed by N. C. Wood- 
ward. The institution was chartered and was 
organized under promising circumstance.. 
Dr. Dyer, Andrew T. McCoy and John Sandy 
were the largest stockholders. The school 
finally failed, because a majority of the stock- 
holders refused to be taxed for its support. 

The schools of the township are good, and 
their wants are well attended to by the efficiei.t 
trustee, William Vestal. Cloverdale Sem- 
inary and Graded School is under the gen- 
eral management of a board of town trustees. 
The special object of the seminary is to train 
teachers for the common school. The course 
of study and work doue are thorough, and 
the facilities for gaining an education are 


Bainbridge is a flourishing town on the 
Louisville, New Albany & Chicago Railroad, 
in the northeastern corner of Monroe Town 
ship, occupying a part of sections 1, 2, 11 
and 12. It was laid out by Levi A. Pearcy, 
March 5,1831, on land owned by Allen Pearcy* 



John Elrod, Thomas Gordon and Mason 
Catherwood. The town has since been con- 
siderably enlarged. The first and second 
additions were made by Mr, Cooper. J. E. 
and D. A. Quin made the next addition, and 
then came Corwinand Thornton's first, second 
and third additions. 

Adam Feather was the first blacksmith in 
the place, Joshua Lucas the first tanner, John 
Cunningham the first merchant, James A. 
Carter the first saddler. William G. Dar- 

nall was also among the first merchants. D. 
0. Donnohue put up the first carding 
machine in the town, and was also the first 
justice of the peace there. 

The first church organization was effected 
by the Presbyterians. The Methodist church 
was established there in 1844, and a house 
of worship was built in the year 1840. The 
founding of the Christian church was a little 
later than that of the Methodist. The Cath- 
olics also have a place of worship. 

^ BIOG^BI?I(SpIx 1 

1 _ 


m. Mi 

r :^'iV 


It J 



ip t , ^ _ _,._ ^_ jL 

-- -'^Vi 


;f1AMUEL DAIJXALL, deceased, was ! father in 1700. lie was there married to 
1'^>^\ Unai in Montgomery County, Kentucky, : Miss Nancy [liggins, and they had one son 

ASp December 9, 1S04. The first American and seven daughters, the son being the late 
representative of the Darnaii name was apart Dr. Lurk;;; Yeates. of \\ inchester. Kentucky. 

of Lord Baltimore's colony that settled in The youngest of the daughters married Sam- 
Charles County, Maryland, in 1634. Daniel uel Darnall. After five year* of married life, 
Darnall, father of Samuel, was horn in Alary- Samuel and .Maria Darnall ti uve»l to the then 
land in 1775, and moved to Kentucky with new State of Indiana, in order to get cheaper 
liis father, Isaac Darnall, when he was ten land and thus benefit their children. In the 
years of age. Kentucky was at that time fall of 1835 they arrived in Putnam County 
an almost pathless wilderness. Daniel Darnall , and .-topped at the house of Johnson Darnall, 
married Nancy Turpi n, the daughter of an- who had moved there two years previous. 
other pioneer, also from Maryland. They Putnam was at thai time an immense forest, 
established a home in Montgomery County, The roads wen 1 simply traces cut through 
and by unflagging industry and economy the woods. By long continued, persevering 
secured for themselves a competency. They toil, Mr. Darnaii opened up a large farm and 
had six children, live sons and one daughter was soon considered one of the most prom- 
— Mrs. Emilia Darnall (aunt Milly), late of inent and enterprising farmers in the county. 
Bainbridge, Indiana. Samuel, who was the At one time there' was great opposition fo 
fourth child, at the age of twenty-five years the introduction ft' blue grass into Putnam 
married Maria, the daughter of Joshua Yeates County. Samuel, Johnson, and Turpi n Darn- 
and his first wife. Mr. Yeates was of the old all. Colonel A. S. Farron, and some others, 
English stock that settled in eastern Virginia were the first to advocate its use. Mr. 
in the early part of the eighteenth century. Darnall was eminently a man of peace, and 
ilr was born in Loudoun County, that Slate, lived on the best terms with Ids neighbors. 
in 1773, and emigrated to Kentucky with his He was domestic in his habits, and loved 


above everything else the quiet of his own 
home and fireside, in the besom of his family, 
where neighbors, friends or strangers, rich or 
poor, were welcome to a seat. No one ever 
asked in vain for a meal of victuals or a 
night's lodging. A bountiful hospitality was 
ever shown to rich and poor alike. The an- 
cestors of both Samuel and Maria Darnall 
were for several generations zealous members 
of the old Calviiiistic or predestinarian 
Baptist church. In politics Mr. Darnall 
was originally a Henry Clay Whig, and when 
the lie publican party was organized, he 
heartily espoused its principles, for he had 
long been a free-soiler in belief, and when on 
the death of his father he inherited five slaves, 
he would have set them free at once, except 
for the law then in force in Kentucky for- 
bidding the freeing of slaves. He did the 
best tiling he could do under the circum- 
stances, which was to let them choose their 
own master, and hired them to him for one 
year, on trial. At the end of that time he 
sold them, at their request, to Dr. Hood, for 
whatever he was willing to give, which was 
less than half what a " nigger trader" offered 
for them. Mr. Darnall was no weak man in 
politics. lie was decided in bis opinions and 
always expressed himself firmly but respect- 
fully. He was no office seeker. Away back 
in the forties, a committee of the leading 
Whigs of Putnam County waited upon him, 
urging him to accept the nomination and 
make the race for the Legislature, but he 
firmly declined the honor and suggested the 
name of David Scott, who accepted the nom- 
ination. In Kentucky he served as Lieutenant 
of the Militia, and filled that position until 
his removal to Indiana, Under the military 
law of the State, lie was Quartermaster on 
the staff of Colonel James Fisk. At the 
breaking out of the civil war lie gave his in- 
fluence and support to the Government, and 

gave three sons to the army. The eldest son, 
Francis M., made up a splendid company in 
the fall of 1861, and led them to the field as 
Captain. Lafayette enlisted the same year 
in Colonel Lew. Wallace's regiment of Zou- 
aves, for the three months service, and after 
a short rest, he joined his brother's company 
in the Forty-third Regiment, and was made 
Sergeant. Later he was promoted to Lieu- 
tenant. In 1803, when Morgan's army 
invaded the State, a third son, Joshua, a fair- 
haired, blue-eyed boy of sixteen summer.-, 
with patriotic zeal went to the front and laid 
j down his bright young life upon the altar of 
! his country. He had joined the One Hundred 
j and Fifteenth Regiment, a. a recruit, and 
| took part in the arduous campaign to Cum- 
berland Gap. On the retreat, from that 
j point through the mountains of Kentucky, he 
lost his life, by contracting a violent cold 
when recovering from an attack of measles. 
Samuel Darnall died January 13, 1879, and 
was buried at Brick Chapel, Indiana. He was 
a public-spirited, enterprising citizen, ready 
to assist in every good work, and ready to 
lend a helping hand to everything that gave rea- 
sonable, promise of being a benefit to the com- 
munity. He was a kind and loving husband, 
an affectionate and indulgent father, and a 
calm, consistent Christian. 

jg^OWARD BRIGGS was born in New- 
WJS ark, Ohio, December 23, 1833. His 
%Hf father, Benjamin Briggs, was one of 
the oldest newspaper men in the Buckeye 
State, having established the Newark (Ohio) 
Advocate in 1820, and published the same 
over forty years. He then retired from act- 
ive pursuits. He had married Nancy Eng- 
lish, and both are now deceased. They were 
i the parents of four daughters and two sons. 


Of the latter, Murrivy Brings is the editor through all the hard marching and retreats, 
and proprietor of the Sullivan (Indiana) sometimes taking tiil midnight to catcli np 
Democrat, and Howard is the subject of this with the army. .Vt the close of the war the 
biographical notice. lie received a limited Captain took the pig, raised many pigs, giv- 
amount of schooling, and while of very ten- ing one to each member of the company. 
der years received his first introduction to j In this way father Long got his start in life 
newspaper work, to which he was reared un- ' as a hog-raiser. The grandfather of our 
der liis lather's care, and to which he has | subject was a soldier of the Revolutionary 
devoted his life since. At the age of twenty- i war. Mr. Long was reared a fanner, and 
four lie established the Press at Greencas tie, | educated in the subscription schools that 
and published the same until 1882. lie : were held in the primitive log cabin, fur- 
then sold to fc\ A. Arnold, of the Star, en- j nished with split pole seats, puncheon floors 
tering into an engagement not to follow j and desk-, and greased paper for windows, 
journalism in this place for two years. He There was also a huge lire-place and a mud- 
was during this specified period the proprie- ; and-stick ciiimney in one end of the room. 
tor of the "City News Mart," and in 'April, i Mr. Long came to this countv in January, 
1884, started the I)emoc/ut,'4is before stated. ' 1854,' settling in Jackson Township, which 
Mr.- Briggs has taken an active and influen- ! was his home until November, 1884, when 
tial part in politics, but not for his own | lie removed to Bainbridge. He owns [150 
advancement. He at present holds the lion- ' acres of land on sections 31 ana 3.2, Jackson 
orable position of trustee of the State Insti- | Township. He was married November 21. 
tution for the Education of the Blind at i 1839, to Miss Martha Maddox, daughter of 
Indianapolis. Mr. Briggs is a member of j Nelson and Martha (Beach am) Maddox, and 
but one secret order, the Knights of Labor. ; to this union nine children have been horn, 
lie was united in marriage in May,"1866, | six of whom are living James P., Elizabeth 
with Mrs. Margaret A. Campbell, of Green- j R, Amanda L)., Christian A., Everett and 
castle, and they have two sons Edwin M. | Julia P. The deceased are Eliza A., Thomas 
and John P. P>y a former marriage Mrs. J V. and John W. Mrs. Long was born in 
Briggs has one son, James Noble Campbell. I Spencer County. Kentucky, July 11, 1822. 

' James i '. married Elizabeth Gorden, now 

i he has three children Charles, Alice and 
JT^IIOMAS LONG, retired farmer, was J Oren. Elizabeth married James M. Iiailer, 
X li.v born in Shelby County, Kentucky, ; now deceased, and has had two children— 
—^ October 12, 1816, son of Thomas I Chauncy, and Cora, who died at the age of 
Long, deceased, a native of Virginia, who ' eight years: Amanda married Wright Kay, 
came to Woodford County, Kentucky, when ! now deceased; Christiana is the wife of 
an infant, where he was reared, and married | Charles Meier, of Coal Bin ft', and Julia is 
Nancy Jackson, and removed to Shelby the wife, of Andrew Campbell, of Baiubridge. 
County. He was a soldier in the war of Mr. L 

no serveu 

• >v mar.-itni 

1^12, and participated in some of the hardest term, and has been deputy collector for the 
fought battles of that war. During that war past twenty-live years. Himself and wife 
a pig came to his company and followed it : are members of the Missionary Baptist 



church, as are also Amanda D. and Chris- 

— -~£*>**3~~ — 

fLISHA P. COWGILL, an early settler 
of Putnam County, and a resident of 
Greencastle Township, was born in 
Mason County, Kentucky, July 4, 1819, son 
of Elisha and Ann S. (Tarvin) Cowgill, who 
were natives of Virginia and settled in Ken- | 
tucky in 1794. lie traces his ancestry back 
to four brothel's who came from England and 
settled in Pennsylvania prior to the Revolu- 
tionary war. They were Quakers. In 1832 
his parents came to Putnam County, settling 
on section 15, a short distance east of the 
present city of Greencastle. There the father 
purchased 160 acres of land, which was 
slightly improved. He lived there until 
1854, when he removed to the farm now 
owned and occupied by our subject. He 
died in 1855, in the eighty-fourth year of his 
age. He was one of the representative men 
of the county, and greatly esteemed by all. 
In his demise Putnam County lost one of 
her best citizens. He was a zealous member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, and a 
liberal supporter of the same. He was 
originally a Jackson Democrat, but in 1844 
was a strong supporter of Henry Clay. He 
reared a large family of children, three only 
surviving — Sarah, wife of Lucius R. Chapin, 
of Greencastle, Dr. Henry E., of Kansas, 
and Elisha P. The latter was reared to mau- 
hood in this county, having come here with 
his parents when in his thirteenth year. He 
was educated in the schools of the early day, 
and has always been a farmer. He was a 
member of the first class formed in Asbnry 
University, and attended that institution 
about eighteen months. August 1, 1839, he 
was married to Mary F. Talbott, born Au- 

gust 19, 1820, in Shelby County, Kentucky. 
Her parents, William and Sarah Talbott, set- 
tled in Putnam County in 1824, and were 
among the early settlers of the county. Her 
mother was born in a fort in Kentucky, dur- 
ing the Indian war. Her father was born 
near Baltimore, Maryland. Her grandfather, 
Edward Talbott, was one of the first licensed 
Methodist preachers in the United States. 
Her pirents and grandparents are interred 
in the cemetery at Greencastle. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cowgill have had a large family, five of 
whom are living— William 11., Mary J., wife 
of John Ziner, of Kansas, Elizabeth M., wife 
Stacy R. Dicks, of Montgomery County, this 
State, and Susan C, wife of Fletcher H. Tal- 
bott, of Sangamon County, Illinois. In 
1855 Mr. Cowgill was elected a commissioner 
of Putnam County, serving a term of three 
years, and was again elected in 1885, which 
office he still holds. Immediately after his 
election he was chosen president of the board 
of commissioners. He has served as assessor 
of both Putnam County and Greencastle 
Township. In 1847 he was deputy census 
enumerator of Marion and Jefferson town- 
ships. He owns 110 acres of good laud, in 
a high state of cultivation. ' In politics he is 
a Democrat, and himself and wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church, in 
which Mr. Cowgill has served as deacon and 
trustee. He has lived to see his children 
well settled in life, and he is reaping the 
fruits of a life of usefulness and well doing. 

"• 'M"I »> 


practicing physician of Cloverdale, 
was born in that township, January 
4, 1860, eon of Lewis and Joanna (Ross) 
Prichard, also of this county. He was reared 
in his native township, and received his 

B I Of Hi . \ I'll I (J- IL S KETCHES. 


early education in the common schools, com- j county, where he worked a few years on a 
Dieting it at the Hendricks County Normal i farm. lie then came to Cambridge and 
School at Danville, lie studied medicine '■ bought a small planing-mill oi' Fox weather 
under his father, and attended a of : Brothers, to which he built an addition and 
lectures in Virginia University, receiving the j operated until 1884, then purchased the saw- 
degree of Medical Jurisprudence. He after- i mill, of Mead Brothers. In 1885 he built his 
ward graduated at the Miami .Medical Col- ! present large establishment, and now carries 
lege, March 10, 1881, and then to^k a post j on a large business, employing thirty men 
graduate course at the Polytechnic College i the entire year. He was married November 
in New York City. Since that jtime he has ' 15, 187-1, to Miss Laura B. Brown, daughter 
been engaged in the practice of his chosen ' of James Brown, of Bainbridi^e. Their chil- 
profession. lie is secretary of the board of j dren are Paul J>.. Sarah E., Mary A., James 
pension examining surgeons at Greeneastle, \ lb and ; Annn. He is a member of the 
and has been physician of Cloverdale Town- | Methodist Episcopal church and superin- 
ship ever since his graduation. The doctor | tendent of the Sabbath-school, in politics he 
was married March 10, 1884, to Miss Yir- i is a Republican, 
ginia Remley, who was born in Cincinnati, j 

Ohio, in 1861. They have had one child, j ~^£*S H H!*~'" 

now deceased. Dr. Prichard is a member of 

Cloverdale Lo<tee, No. 132. A. F.& A. M., I JHTAMES W. HADDAN, deceased, was 

at Cloverdale, in which he holds the office of | ; 
junior warden. lie is a strictly temperance 
man, and while attending college in Virginia 



County, I\ 

S$j June, 1818, *o\i of John and Rebecca 
Iladdan. When six years old he came to 

united with the Good Templars fraternity, i this county with his parents, his father hav- 
He is a man of superior ability, and has been ing previously entered land in Jefferson 
quite a traveler, having visited the West and l . Township, and the family settled in the wild 
Southwest, including New Mexico. Old Mex- • woods. The father erected a log cabin and 
ico and Arizona. lie is affable and pleasant, i began the work ^>i' clearing his land. James 
and a great favorite wherever he is known. ! was reared to manhood in this county, amid 
As a physician and surgeon he has been emi- j the scenes of pioneer life, and remained here 
nently successful, and by being a very close j until his decease, with the exception of a 
student, expects to stand at the head of his j short time spent in the West, lie died A.n- 
profession. i gust 14, 188-1. lie was married April 21, 

1864:, to Miss Emily Ilobbs, who was born 
^^rtg^^j*!**^, j ; \ U g lls t 20, 1844, in Louisville, Kentucky, 

and a daughter of James and Elizabeth 
l^lflLLIAM A. McFADDEN, proprietor Ilobbs. who removed to Jeffersonville, Indi- 
: \\/\j.'jj of Bainbridge saw and planing mills, ; ana, in 1852, where the father was engaged 
i W&H was born in East Feliciana Parish, in the drug business for a short time and djd 
Louisiana, December 18, 1848, son of Alex- : business in Louisville. Kentucky; he is now 
ander McFadden, deceased, who was a native j deceased. Mr. and .Mrs. Iladdan had seven 
of Ireland. He was reared and educated in ; children, live of whom are living— "William 
Jackson, Louisiana, and in 1866 came to this ! "W., Henry C, John O., Margaret A. and 



Jesse E. Elizabeth It. and James are de- 
ceased. Mr. Haddan left 294 acres of good 
land, lie was identified with the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian church, and in politics was 
a Republican. He was a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and at Ids death was 
buried with Masonic honors. His ancestors 
were Scotch-Irish, lie was a loving hus- 
band, a kind father and an obliging neighbor. 
Mis wife, who resides on the homestead, 
was formerly an Episcopalian, Her father 
was born in England and came to America 
when he was nearly thirty years of age. lie 
first located in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he 
was engaged in the manufacture of starch. 
lie then removed to Louisville, where he 
conducted a drug store, thence to Jeli'erson- 
ville, Indiana, where he died in December, 
1862. His wife was formerly Elizabeth 
Howell, a native of Kentucky, and they had 
seven children, four of whom are living 
Orlando, Emily, William [>. and Anna. Doth 
parents were members of the Episcopal 
church. The father was & public-spirited 
man, and kind and generous to the poor, 
[lis wife resides at Jefferson ville. 

^ T lf!LUAM ('. HARRIS, physician and 
■ \j \C surgeon at Carpenters ville, was horn 

i~~,--~..- in \\ no.wille, Tennessee, September 
5, 1827, son of Simeon Harris, deceased, a 
native of the same place. He was reared on 
alarm and educated in Waveland High School. 
He attended lectures at Rush Medical College, 
in 1847 '48, graduating at the Central Med- 
ical College of Indianapolis, in March, 1881. 
lie first came to Fountain County and began 
practice in 1848, at Jacksonville. In 1850, 
he went to Butte City, California, where he 
practiced eight years, then came toCarpenters- 
vilJe. where lie lias been in constant practice 

j ever since. He is frequently called for 
j counsel in various parts of the State. March 
j 23, 1861, he was married to Miss Jane*Dodd, 
j daughter of Woodson I\ Dodd, now deceased, 
| and they have two living children — Melvina, 
! who married John L. Bridges, and has two 
j children — Hettie and Chasie, and Ida, who 
j married Dr. William F. Batman, of Roach- 
I dale. The doctor is a member of the Indiana 
: Medical Society, and. of Putnam County 
j Medical Association. He is a member of the 
j Masonic chapter at (Ireencastle, and also be- 
i longs to the Odd Fellows fraternity, lie is 
I a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
i and has held the office of steward, trustee, 
; and Sunday-school superintendent. lie lias 
i been school trustee of Carpentersvilie for 
; twenty years, and is the present incumbent. 
i In politics he is a Republican. 

ill , 6) 

l^ANIEL BOONE, a prominent farmer 

>J| and pioneer of Putnam County, resides 
j L 4g? on section 2, Washington Township, 
| where he owns 200 acres of laud. He was 
j born in Harrison County, this State, April 12, 
i 1814, son of Moses and Hannah Boone. His 
! father was a son of Squire Boone, of Ken- 
j tueky, a brother of the celebrated woodman, 
' Daniel Boone. Moses Boone emigrated to 
' this State in 1805, and to this county in 1834, 
where he remained until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1853, at the age of eighty-four 
years, three months and six days. He was a 
farmer by occupation, and reared thirteen 
children, only two of whom are now living. 
Our subject was reared to the occupation of 
farming. He was married in this county in 
1831), to Melinda Miller, daughter of John 
and Nancy Miller, who was horn in Sullivan 
County, this State, in 1828, and brought to 
this county by her parents when eight months 


old. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Boone j line Owen, and to them have been born ten 

are — Elvira, win 
Stoner, and has 

is the wife of Lycnrgm 
fix children; Emilv, win 

children -Elza F.. Daniel P., John W., Oscar, 
Lcora Alva, Rosa, Venia, Jessie and Rumen. 

married Lather Pollom, of Clay County, In- i William married Melissa Paris, and they 
diana, and has five children; Hannah, wife of ! have had eleven children — Charles E., Laura 
George Busbey, has live children: Lennox, J E., Mary E., Serelda J., John A., Frank E., 
Moses, John M., George, Nancy, wife of John j Stella A., Minnie, an infant, deceased, Bes- 
liisk, has four children; Laura, wife of J. W. j sie and Susie. Emily married George Paris, 
Landes, has one child; Julia, wife of Daniel and has two children— Flora 15. and Hannah 
Goodrich, has six children, and Alice, wife of E.; Joseph's daughter, Elza F., mar: led 
J. M. Oliver. The sons are all married and i William O'Conner, and has two children — - 
have families. Lennox has seven children, 
Moses has three children, John has live and 
George has three, making a total of forty-five 
grandchildren, and they have a great-grand- 
child. Politically Mr. Boone isa Republican. 


a self-made 

i, and earned jhis prop- 
erty by the '-sweat of his brow." lie never 
sued any person and has never been sued in 
his life, lie is of a retiring disposition and 
respected by ail who know him. 

/-TOIIN BUTLER, deceased, 
tier of Putnam County, 

Evert C. and Noah. Emily's daughter Han- 
nah married -Joseph S. Albee, and has three 
children — Leota M.. Thomas F. and Edgar 
L. At his death Mr. Butler left his family a 
valuable farm of 100 acres, which was the 
accumulation of a life of industry and perse- 
verance, lie was a devoted member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and had offi- 
ciated as a class-leader, lie was a soldier in 

j the war of 1^12, for which service his widow 
now receives a pension. lie was a kind and 
loving father, an indulgent husband, and es- 

' teemed by all who knew him. In his death 
m early set- j the community lost a good and worthy citi- 


was born in ' zen and pioneer. His widow resides 


Virginia, January 25. 1791, a son of i homestead and is a member of the Methodist 
Charles and Frances Butler, lie came to ! Episcopal church. We quote the following 

this county in 1820, locating in the wild 
woods on Big Walnut Creek, where he lived 
until 1813, then removed to section 3ft, 
Greeneastle Township, where he passed the 
remainder of his life. His death occurred 
October 9, 1851. lie was married in Flem- 

from the Greeneastle Star-Press: -The 
relatives and friends o\' Mrs. Hannah Butler, 
who has resided in Greeneastle Township 
more than sixty years, celebrated her eighty- 
fourth birthday on May 23, by calling and 
spending the day with her. Notwithstand- 

ing Count}*, Kentucky, May 17, 1825, to I ing her great age, Mrs. Butler was in quite 
Miss Hannah Smith, daughter of John and | excellent health and spirits, and happy to re- 

Marv Smith. She was born in Kentucky 

May 25, 1802. Mr. 

(1 Mrs. Butler had 

nine children, of whom six are living— Mar- 

ceive her friends and neighbors, and pass 
with them a pleasant day, of which she and 
hers were the objects of peculiar interest. 

garet, John T., Mary, Joseph, Owen, William j Five of her children, eleven grandchildren, 

F. and Emily. The deceased are- 

H., I and one great-grandchild were present; 

Charles and Frances C. Margaret married | son and his family were unavoidably absent. 
Pleasant F. Johnson; Joseph married Ange- I At noon an excellent table was spread, which 


eighty-six guests who tested it can testify, 
added materially to the pleasures of the day. 
The afternoon was spent in social converse, 
tin; singing of hymns and songs, such as the 
In stess in youth and age lias ever loved, and 
reminiscences of the ' long, long ago.' Dr. 
Stevenson, himself eighty-three years old, 
and a friend of Mrs. Butler for more than 
sixty years, and other friends of fifty and 
forty years, were there, as well as others who 
had enjoyed her friendship their entire lives. 
Of all these none had other than pleasant 
memories of their kind hostess. Her faults, 
if any she ever had, were all forgotten, but 
each one present could recall her kind and 
motherly <\^vd?, as friend, neighbor and asso- 
ciate. Mrs. Butler was herself, with her 
pleasant smiles and kind greetings to every 
one, and when, at evening, the guests took 
their homeward way, the only regret thev 
con Id feel was that so innocent and useful a 
life could ever grow old. But how pleasant 
to Mrs. Butler it must be in her age to know 
thac her long life has not only merited, but 
secured to her the love and esteem of so many 
and so long tried neighbors and associates." 

jP|AMEL E. SHOEMAKER, farmer and 

1 j J stock-raiser, resides on section 28, Floyd 
;- Township, where he owns 125 acres of 
well cultivated land. He was born in Wayne 
County, this State, September 22, 1880, son 
of dames and Elizabeth Shoemaker, who came 
to this county in 1840, and are now living at 
1 Jainbridge. The father is seventy-four years 
of age and the mother seventy-three. Dan- 
iel E. was reared a farmer and lias always 
followed that occupation, lie was married 
in this county, October 10, I860, to Louisa 
Stobaugh, daughter of Jacob arid Ursula Sto- 
baugb, born in this county in 1841. Their 

children arc — Lillie D., born October 18, 
1861; Jacob II., born April S, 1803; Arminda 
\ B., born March 12, 1865, now deceased; 
i Josephine, born August 13, 1876, and Worley 
| V., born December 14, 1880. Mr. Shoe- 
I maker is a self- made man, having started in 
life poor, but by economy and good manage- 
ment has made a good, comfortable home. 
1 lie rented land twenty years, living on one 
i farm eight years. In politics he is Repnb- 
j liean. His parents are members of the 
: Christian church. 


p^ENRY DICKERSON, retired farmer, 
resides on section 27, Jackson Township, 
d where he owns 160 acres of land. lie 
I was born in Monroe County, Kentucky, Au- 
: gust 8, 1816, a son of John R. and Mary 
i (Grider) Dickerson, who were born near 
j Harper's Ferry, in Maryland, of Welsh an- 
I cestry. The father moved to Putnam Coun- 
I ty in 1828 and settled on Raccoon Creek, 
subsequently moving to Franklin Township, 
where he died August 22, 1869, aged eighty- 
i nine years, two months and seventeen flays. 
i The mother died July 17, 1861, aged seventy - 
1 four years. They were the parents of eleven 
: children, ten of whom lived till maturity and 
! three still survive, lie entered 160 acres of 
j Government land, and went to work to clear 
• it and built a log cabin, lie experienced all 
j the hardships and privations incident to pio- 
I neer life. Wolves, deer and wild turkeys 
i were in abundance, and there were some 
! bears and plenty of Indians, but he had 
! but one white neighbor nearer than four 
■ miles. Henry was reared on a farm, and 
; has always followed the occupation of a 
{ fanner, lie was married February 10, 1841, 
j to Emily D. Case, who was born in Mont- 
i gomery County, Kentucky, March 25, 1824, 


daughter of Moore and Mary (Keith) Case, 
pioneers of this county. The father died 
December 12, 1852, and the mother now lives 
with Mrs. Dickerson, and although eighty- 
fonr years of age, is still active, attending to 
her bees, of which she has thirteen stands. 
Mr. and Mrs. Dickerson have had eleven chil- 
dren, all of whom lived till maturity except 
one. and six are still living — -Moore C, the 
present assessor of the township, married 
Martha Lee, and has one child — Anna M.; 
Mary died unmarried September 8, 1871; 
Rebecca married James K. Sheckles and has 
four children- -Henry L., Charles !>., Blanche, 
and Ona; Eliza J. married John "W. Lee, 
and died June 13, 1873, leaving two children 
— Atametus J. and Emma F. ; John 11. lives 
in Jackson Township; Emily •(. died June 15, 
1876, unmarried; William L. is also a resi- 
dent of Jackson Township; Martha E. married 
James F. Watkins, and has two children; and 
Erne I. Hiram C. died in the army May 24, 
1S63, and one died in infancy. Mr. Dicker- 
son has served as justice of the peace three 
years and has also been school director, in- 
spector of elections and supervisor. In politics 
he is a Democrat. lie is a member of the 
Baptist and his wife of the Methodist church. 

-f^FIIRAIM TUCKER, treasurer of Pnt- 
" r ; nam County, was born in Randolph 
\r~ County, North Carolina, May 10, 1826. 
In the fall of 1835, he was brought by his 
parents to this county, locating on a farm in 
Madison Township. He remained with his 
parents until he readied manhood, and after- 
ward became the owner of the homestead. In 
the fall of 1868 he rented his farm and went 
to Orange County, to take charge •:•{ French 
Lake Springs, a watering place, and remained 
there until the fall of 1872, then returned to 

j his farm in Putnam County, in 1874 he 
j sold the farm and rented until the fall of 1884, 
! when he was elected, on the Democratic 
j ticket, to the office of treasurer of Putnam 
County. In 1886 he was re-elected, and is 
the present incumbent of that office. Mr. 
Tucker has been twice married. His iirst 
wife, Sarah Jane JBritton, whom he married 
in 1849, died in 1879. They had seven 
children— John Thomas is a merchant at 
Clinton Falls, this county; Barney is a farmer 
of Russell Township, this county; James A. 
resides at home; Cluistie married E. T. Frank, 
a farmer of Russell Township; McKenzie, 
Nannie and Sarah Elizabeth are at home. 
.Mrs. Tucker was a member of the Predesti- 
narian Baptist church, of Little Walnut, Put- 
nam County, of which Mr. Tucker is still a 
member. In 1881 .Mr. Tucker married Mrs. 
Charlotte Pool, who is a member of the 
! Christian church. 

B. CROSS, retired physician and sur- 
geon, Bainbridge, was born in Wayne 
I W® County, Indiana, February 12, 1^23, 
son of John J. and Ruth (Poe) Cross, natives 
of Ohio, and of German ancestry. They were 
the parents of five children, four oi whom 
lived to be grown, and two are yet living. 
In 1836 they removed to Montgomery 
County, where they lived until 1854, thence 
to Iowa for two years, thence to Putnam 
County, where the father died in April. 1872, 
and the mother in 1876. The doctor was 
reared on a farm in Wayne and Montgomery 
counties, Indiana, receiving his early educa- 
tion in the common schools: then taught 
school and commenced reading medicine in 
the office of Dr. A. Kelly, of Ladoga, and 
took first course of lectures at the Louisville 
University, Louisville, Kentucky, in 1847 


and 1848. He graduated at the Ohio Medi- 
cal College, Cincinnati, in the winter of 
1852— '53, and commenced practice in La- 
doga, Indiana. Later he removed to Car- 
penters vi lie, where lie lived sixteen years, 
aad in 1805 came to Bainbridge, this comity, 
where he practiced until 1880, then retired 
to private life, being afflicted with inflamma- 
tory rheumatism. In September, 1850, he 
was married in this county to Sallie Call, 
who was born in Kentucky < )ctober 31, 1831, 
daughter of Squire and Mary (Moore) Call. 
Mr. and Mrs. -Cross have two children -Em- 
ma F., wife of J. A. Looman, of this county, 
and they have two children -Ida M. and J. 
I>. ; and Ann.i, wife of Harry G. Brown. The 
doctor owns 280 acres of land in Monroe 
Township, and one acre where he resides. 
He is a member of the Masonic Lodge, ]\o. 
75, at Bainbridge, and of the Odd Fellows 
Lodge, ]Sfo. 311. lie is also a member of 
the Christian church. His mother was first 
cousin to General Foe, the great Indian 
tighter. John Call, a brother of Mrs. Cross, 
was a soldier i rs the late war, and died at 
Young's Point, on the way to Yicksburg. 

m $ T 1 LLl AM A. FARMER, livery-keeper 
|}i;U| at Cloverdale, purchased the stock 

l~^ii and business of U. V. O* Daniels, 
August 21, 1886. He was born in Ring- 
gold County, Iowa, March 30, 1801, a son of 
Thomas B. Farmer, who resides in Marion 
Township, this county. When four years of 
age he came to this county with his parents, 
where he was reared on a farm and received 
a good common-school education. He fol- 
lowed farming until he engaged in his pres- 
ent business. He was married August 17, 
1882, to Miss Florence I. Shaw, who was 
born in Jefferson Township, January 22, 

180-1, daughter* of Oliver J. Shaw, a promi- 
nent fanner of that township. He is a mem- 
ber of Cloverdale Lodge, No. 132, A. F. & 
A. M., having joined December 1, 1885; he 
is senior deacon of the lodge, lie is a suc- 
cessful business man, keeps a first-class 
stable, and socially a gentleman. 

JEI1U CASSIUS JONES, justice of the 
peace at G reencastle, was born in Bel- 
r£ mont County, Ohio, April 19, 1818. 
When he was a year old his father removed 
to Zanesville, where he was reared a farmer, 
and educated in the public schools and at the 
Zanesville Academiv, where he attended two 
years. Upon reaching his majority he besran 
teaching school in Muskingum County, and 
at the same time studied medicine. He then 
practiced until 1842. when he again took up 
the study of medicine under Dr. John Wat- 
kins, at Uniontown, Muskingum County, 
Ohio, remaining with him two years. In 
1844 he took a course of lectures at the 
Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati. In 
1840 he came to Indiana, locating at Paw 
Faw, where he practiced medicine until 1800. 
lie then removed to Peru, where, in 1802, he 
was commissioned Captain by Governor Mor- 
ton, and raised a company for the Union 
service, which was assigned to the Sixteenth 
Regiment, Indiana Infantry, as Company F. 
lie commanded this company nearly a year 
and resigned his commission on account of 
serious throat difficulty. He was on duty in 
Kentucky and participated in the battle of 
Richmond, where he was taken prisoner by 
Kirby Smith, and released on parole. After 
being exchanged, he with his regiment took 
part in Sherman's advance on Yicksburg, and 
was also in the battle of Little Rock. In 
that battle he took back the guns that were 


■ V-}') 

taken from them at the battle of Rich- 
mond, lie was discharged at Indianapolis 
in February, 1863, and returned to Tern. 
The following April he came to Greencastle, 
where he was engaged in the drug and grocer} 7 
business until the fall of 1872. In the spring 
of 1882 Ise was elected justice of the peace, 
and re-elected in the spring of 1886. Janu- 
ary 10, 1850, Mr. Jones was married at Peru, 
Indiana, to Miss Lucy O'Brine, and their 
three children are— Claudius 0. and Homer, 
who reside in Indianapolis, and Howard, of 
Greencastle. Ella, wife of Dr. J. L. Pres- 
ton, of Cloverdale, died in 1880, at the age 
of twenty-eight years, and three children 
died in infancy. Both are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, of Greencastle. 
Mr. Jones is a Master, Royal Arch, and 
Council Mason, ami member of the lodge, 
chapter and council at Greencastle, having 
tilled nearly all the stations in each. 

^'l/\/; prominent farmer of Warren Town- 

i~ *>F?S ship, was born in New York City in 
1815, sou of Josiah and Martha (Loomis) 
"Williams, natives of Connecticut. The father 
was born Windham County, December 31, 
1788, the mother was born June 9, 1784. 
They were married at Lebanon, December 
9, 1807, and the hither followed the mer- 
cantile trade in Virginia and New York for 
many years, lie was an intimate friend of 
Governor Henry A, Wise, of Virginia, and 
an influential citizen. He was a successful 
business man, and died at Poughkeepsie, 
New York. October 7, 1864; the mother died 
April 13, 1851. They were the parents ot 
eight children — six daughters and two sons. 
Mr. Williams was a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. W P. Williams 

received a collegiate education and in early 
life followed clerking. He located upon his 
present farm in 1830, his father having pur- 
chased several hundred acres, and has resided 
in the township ever since. In politics ho 
was formerly a Whig and now a Republican, 
casting his first presidential vote for General 
Harrison. He was a staunch Union man 
during the late Rebellion, and furnished from 
his home a brother-in-law and two sons to assist 
in suppressing treason. One was Lieutenant 
Whitfred Reed, killed at Cedar Mountain. 
Mr. Williams owns 500 acres of land in this 
State and Missouri. He was married -inly 
13, 1837, to Lydia A. L. lleed, born in Owen 
County, Indiana, May '25, 1823, and a daugh- 
ter of Rev. Isaac Reed, a prominent minister 
in the Presbyterian church, who was born 
in the State of New York, August 27, L788, 
and died in Illinois, January 11, 1858. 
Her mother, Elinor Young, was born in 
Philadelphia, September 22. 1799, and died 
May 9, 1869. They reared eight children- 
six daughters and tun sons. Mr. and Mrs. 
Williams have had eleven children — iosiah 
Clinton, Julia Edistina, Ann G., Edwin M., 
Worthington A., Mary E., Flora W, Martha 
L., Frances R.. Carrie Rowe. Oliver Morton 
is deceased. Mrs. Williams and children are 
members of the Presbyterian church. Mr. 
Williams is a very social man and the "latch 
string" is always out. His son-in-law, John 
II. G. Weaver, now a resident of Eureka, 
California, was a soldier in the late war. He 
is a graduate of Hillsdale College, Michigan, 
and of the law department of Michigan 
State University, at Ann Arbor. Ho has 
served two terms in the California Legislature, 
and is now practicing law. He is Com- 
mander of Colonel Whipple Post, No. 49, G. A. 
R. Edwin T. Williamson, another son-in- 
law, is a member of the Chicago Lumber 
Company, and is now traveling in Europe 



and makes his home in Kansas. He was a 
soldier in the late war, a member of the Six- 
teenth Indiana Infantry. One son lives in 
Kansas and two in Missouri. The two latter 
were soldiers in the late war. Captain Josiah 
C. Williams was with Company C, Twenty- 
seventh Regiment Indiana Volunteers, and 
was wounded at the battle of Chancellors ville. 
Edwin M. was a member of the One Hundred 
and Fifteenth Regiment Indiana Volunteers. 

owns 356 acres of good land, 221 being in his 
home farm. lie is a Democrat in politics. 
lie has held the office of town-hip trustee. 
Mrs. Ilouck is a member of the Predestinarian 
Baptist church. 

^%AVID HOUCR, tanner and stoek- 
|jj raiser. Washington Township, was born 
"^^ in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania, 
July 12, ls.31. son of Jonathan and Nancy 
(White) Ilouck. natives of Pennsylvania. In 
1837 he went with his parents to Ohio, and in 
the spring of 1839 came to Putnam County, 
liis father locating in Clinton Township, where 
he still resides. Three of his father's family 
are living— -David, Thomas and Elijah. His 
father is in his seventy-seventh year, and is 
widely and favorably known. 1 1 is mother is 
in her seventy-sixth year, and is well pre- 
served. They are enjoying the fruits of a 
life spent in usefulness. His father was for- 
merly a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church: his mother is a member of the Pre- 
destinarian Baptist church. David has been 
reared to manhood in this county, and received 
a limited education in the common schools. 
I lis occupation has always been fanning. 
He was married August 10, 1851, to Miss 
Rachel Talley, and to this union have been 
born seven children, six of whom are living 
—Jonathan, Nancy E., wife of Lennox L. 
Boone, James E., Henry, Oliver, and William, j 
Anthony, Jr., died in 1863, aged one year, j 
For his second wife Mr. Ilouck married j 
Martha (Ilouck) Penney. He settled upon j 
his present farm in September, 1867. He | 

rlORNELlFSO. RAINES, of Greeneas- 
. tie Township, is one of the honored 
*§Pi pioneers of Putnam County, and was 
born in Montgomery County, Kentucky, 
September 26, 1816, son of Walker and Tabi- 
tha Raines, who were natives of Virginiaahd 
removed to Kentucky in an early day. hi 
the fall of 1829 the family removed to this 
county, locating in Monroe Township, where 
the father died soon after his arrival. The 
mother remained in this county until her de- 
cease, which occurred in August, 1861. Of 
their seven children, four are living Cornel- 
ius G., James M., Matilda, wife of Hugh 
Siddens, and Armilda, now Mrs. Monet. 
The father was a shoemaker bv trade, being 
one of the first mechanics to settle here. He 
was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church., and was honored and respected by all. 
Our subject was reared to manhood in this 
county, and received a common-school educa- 
tion. In February, 1843, he was married to 
Miss Penelope Dale, and they were the par- 
ents of five children, three of whom are 
living — Sarah, wife of Caleb Reeves, of Kan- 
sas; James W. and Robert W. R. The de- 
ceased are — Selena and Elizabeth. Mrs. 
Raines died, and Mr. Raines was a second 
time married in 1859, to Lutecia Heath, 
widow of Christopher Heath, and daughter 
of Ennis and Polly Hardin, pioneers of Put- 
nam Count}'. To this union have been born 
nine children, six of whom are living — Ella, 
wife of Frank Alice, George, Albert, Arte- 
mus, Minnie, and Emma J., wife of James 



Farmer. The deceased are — John D., Cor- 
nelius and Mary. Mr. Haines settled upon 
his present farm on section 13, Greencastle 
Township, in 1855, where he owns 500 acres 
of valuable land. Although not a church 
member, Mr. Raines is a good man aud con- 
tributes liberally to all worthy enterprises. 

WILLIAM 11. BEADLE, farmer, Mill 
Creek Township, was born in this 
county April 23, 1840, a son of Samuel 
and Sarah Beadle, the former a native of Con- 
necticut and the latter of Tennessee. The 
Beadle family descended from three brothers 
who came from England, probably before the 
Revolutionary war. One of these brothers 
was William's great-grandfather. His father 
went with his parents to Chenango County, 
New York, when four years of age, where 
he was reared to manhood. He removed to 
Putnam County about 1838, and entered 155 
acres of land from the Government, in Mill 
Creek Township, locating on the farm now 
owned by our subject, which was then a 
wilderness. He first built a log cabin and 
then began the work of clearing the land. 
He raised pork and delivered it for 1^ cents 
a pound. In 1839 he married Sarah C. 
Jones. Three of their ten children are now 
living — Maria E., wife of J. R. Hopkins, of 
Sedgwick County, Kansas, Lovisa and Will- 
iam R. The deceased are — John W., Louisa, 
Frances E., Mariett, Margaret J., Caudiz 
and Lucretia. The father was a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and was I 
very active in promoting the welfare of the 
church. In politics he was a Democrat. He 
died May 28, 1887, in the eightieth year of 
his age. His life was one of usefulness and 
well-doing, and in his death Putnam County 
lost one of its best and most intelligent citi- 

zens. His wife survives him and is living 
in Kansas. William II. Beadle has been 
reared and educated in this county. He was 
married April 3, 1862, to Merinda Hurst, 
daughter of Jackson Hurst, a pioneer of 
Jefferson Township. To this union ten chil- 
dren have been born — Samuel, Hester, 
Charles, Laura, Ida, James, Ernest, Efrie and 
Roxie M.; John is deceased. Mr. Beadle 
owns 154^^ acres of land in Mill Creek 
Township, and it is all in a good state of 
cultivation. In February, 1865, he enlisted 
in Company C, One Hundred and Forty- 
ninth Indiana Infantry, as a private, and was 
assigned to the Army of the Cumberland. 
He was in the service about three months, 
was taken sick at Nashville, and discharged 
in May, 1865, and returned home. He is a 
member of the Regular Baptist church, and 
lias served as clerk two years. He is a 
Democrat in politics, and has served as school 
director, supervisor and assessor of Mill 
Creek Township two terms. He has also 
been justice of the peace. 


rf^AMUEL L. KELLER, a prominent 
l |l|jjl farmer and stock-raiser of Jefferson 
*^p Township, residing on section 17, was 
born in Putnam County, August 4, 1839, son 
of Lewis and Susanna Keller, natives of Vir- 
ginia. In 1838 his parents and three children 
came to the county, coming the entire dis- 
tance with two horses aud a wagon, occupy- 
ing about six weeks of time. They were 
obliged to camp out wherever night overtook 
them. They first located in Greencastle, and 
his father being a blacksmith, followed his 
trade in that place until 1851, when he re- 
moved to Cloverdale Township and bought a 
farm east of the village. He subsequently 
bought a farm one-half mile east of Belle 



Union, where he lived until his death, Sep- : Keller owi 
tember L, 1875. [lis wife survived until land, lie 
March, 1887. They were the parents of . a member 
twelve, children— Frances E., wife of Martin where he 

ughty acres of well 
a Republican hi polit 

»t Clo 



and is 

Post, <;. a. it., 

enior vice-com- 


late w; 

years. Two of 
Hiram E., were 
10th returned in 

Hancock, of Jefferson Township; Mary A., I mander. He is a member of the Missionary 

deceased; Eliza, wife of Joel Dobbs, of ! Baptist church, and lias officiated as clerk of 

Mill Creek Township; Josephine, wife of J. j that church about fourteen 

1). Parker, of Cass County, Missouri; Sam- ; his brothers, . 

uel L., John A., of Greencastle, Indiana; ' soldiers in the 

Hiram E., of Cloverdale Township; William \ safety to their 

If., of Jefferson Township; Emma, deceased; j 

Joanna, wife of \V. T. Scott, of Belle Union 

Alice, wife of Eli Pruett, also of ..Bell* 

Union, and Agues, wife of S. W. Mclninch 

of Coatsville, Indiana. The parents lived to t RK.US.SELI 

-H- -„„" M -_:^ , 

see all of their twelve children married and 
having families of their own. Both were 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
the father having served as class-leader. 
Lewis Keller was a Republican in polities. 
and a strong advocate of the temperance 
cause. He came here in limited circum- 
stances, but has been very successful in his 
business. Samuel L. Keller has been reared 
to manhood in this county, and was edu- 

Bristol County, 
year 1811. [lis 

jv .was horn in Berkley, 
^-:.\ Massachusetts, in th 
father died when he was but two years of 
age. After receiving such an education as 
the schools and. academies of the State 
afforded, under the tuition of Dr. Thomas 
Andros, a celebrated divine of that State, he 
fitted for college, but want of pecuniary 

the idea of a 
it school sev- 

means obliged him to abandoi 
collegiate education, lie tain 


the schools of Greencasth 

lie ! eral years 

irder to maintain his own ex- 

ited in July, 1863, in Company K, Fifty- 

d also to hel 

!1 P 

to support 

fifth Indiana Battery of Artillery, as a private, 
but was promoted to Corporal. lie foiiirht 


fifth Indiana Infantry, and was assigned to i widowed mother. For one year he was prin- 
the Army of the Cumberland. After serv- J eipal of the Millbury Academy, and occupied 
ing four months he re-enlisted in the Twenty- ! the some position at Marblehead Academy 

in his native State. At the same time he 
employed his spare moments in acquainting 
at Nashville, and in several skirmishes; was j himself with law, and at the age of twenty- 
with General Hood in his retreat to Alabama, j five commenced devoting his whole time to 
He served one year and was honorably dis- J its study. He read first in the ofiiee of C. 
charged July 16, 1865. He then returned j li. Mills, at Millbury, but afterward went to 
home and has since resided in this county, j Boston and road under the tutorship of the 
He was married in September, 1864, to celebrated legal light, Rufus Choate, and 
Frances E. McGinnis, also a native of Put- finished with Zachariah Eddy, of Middle- 
man Comity, a daughter of Joshua and Eliz- borough, each of whom gave him certificates 
abeth McGinnis, early settlers of Putnam ; as to his proficiency. He was admitted to 
County. To this union one child has been j the Plymouth County bar in 1840, under a 
born— Lewis J., born April 9, 1869. Mr. I rigid examination, not having completed the 



fall three years' course of study required by j 
the laws of the State, lie then went to Nan- 
tucket and remained a little more than a year, 
acquiring a reputation as a good lawyer. He 
then concluded to come West, which ho 
did in November, 1841, settling at once and 
opening an office at Greencastle when the 
place was yet a small town. He immedi- 
ately entered upon a good practice, and at 
the time of his death enjoyed the distinction 
of being the oldest practitioner at the i J ut- 
nam County bar. At the time of coming to 
Greencastle he met with much opposition, 
the people here being Southerners and dis- 
liking the Yankees, of which lie was a true 
Puritan type, but he lived to see those 
who opposed him his warmest friends. In 
August, 1843, he married Miss Mary T. 
Wood, of Middleborough, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Judge Wilkes Wood, lie was 
never an active politician, but always had 
pronounced views on all questions of impor- 
tance. He was a Whig until the formation 
of the Republican party, when he allied 
himself with that party and continued one of 
its warmest supporters. He was not an 
office seeker, but held several trusts by rea- 
son of their being thrust upon him. He 
was a member of the first common council 
of Greencastle in 1849, and was the second 
mayor in 1850, which office he resigned be- 
cause of his distaste for the duties of his po- 
sition. In 1848 he was a delegate to the 
National Convention at Philadelphia which 
renominated Taylor for President. He had 
a warm affection for Henry Clay, and made 
a very active canvass during the year of that 
race. For a time he acted as circuit judge 
in this district. More recently he was a 
member of the city 6chool board, during 
which time the first and third ward buildings 
were erected. He was always interested in 
the schools of the city and county. He was 

the father of six children — Lucy W., C. 
Wilkes, Charles It.. Helen R., George and Ida. 
These are all living except Charles It., who 
died in 1879. 

IglLLIAM AF. COX, a pioneer of Jef- 
|~ ferson Township, was born in Vir- 
l**p^ ginia, May 1, 1818, a son of John 
and Polly Cox. 11 is father was a native of 
New Jersey and his mother of Yirginia. 
His paternal great-grandfather, of English 
descent, was a soldier of the Revolutionary 
Avar. Mr. Cox was reared to manhood in this 
State, receiving an education only in the 
pioneer subscription schools. September 11, 
1838, is the date of his marriage to Miss 
Hannah Powers, who was born January 22, 
1810, in Lewis County, Yirginia. Her 
father, a native of the same State, was a sol- 
dier in the war of 1812; her mother was a 
native of Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Cox 
have had eleven children, seven of wh6m are 
living — Sarah A., wife of Amos Evans; 
Adeliza, wife of Newton Reed; Melville B., 
Louisa, wife of Thomas Hockett; Albert, 
Alvin and Winfield. The deceased are — 
Nancy, John, Candace and Ellen. Mr. Cox 
came to Putnam County with wife and one 
child in 1839, traveling with a one-hor6e 
wagon. Mrs. Cox rode 550 miles on horse- 
back, and they were about three weeks mak- 
ing the trip. Mr. Cox bought eighty acres 
of land in Jefferson Township, on which was 
a cabin, but no clearing. After several years 
of hard labor he succeeded in clearing his 
farm and producing good crops. They en- 
dured many hardships, and worked hard. Mr. 
Cox split and laid up rails for 75 cents per 
hundred. At one time he cut and split 
200 rails for a bushel of salt, carrying the 
same about two miles. He now owns 375 


acres of laud in Jefferson Township. He is 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and has served as steward several years. 
Mrs. Cox is also a member of that church. 
Their *on Melville served in the late war four : 
years. Mrs. Cox's maternal grandfather was : 
a native of Wales, immigrated to America and j 
settled in .New Jersey, near Cooper's Ferry, j 
Her great-grandfather W as a Huguenot and j 
fled to Wales to avoid persecution, lie sub- i 
sequently went to Ireland, thence to Amer- j 
ica. To her parents were born four j 
children, Mrs. Cox being the only one now j 
living. They came to Putnam County in j 
1850, where they passed the remainder of 
their lives. Politically Mr. Cox is a Repub- ] 

JOSEPH A. McMURTRY, farmer, sec- 
jM tion 10, Franklin Township, was born in 
* ;:. Barren County, Kentucky, June 1, 1838, 
son of Samuel 1>. and Louisa (Perkins) Mc- 
Mnrtry, the former a native of the same place 
and now deceased; the latter is living in Par- 
kersburg, Montgomery County, this State, 
and is sixty-eight years of age. Joseph 
passed his early life on a farm, and was edu- 
cated at Mt. Vernon, Kentucky. He came 
to this county in 1859, where he worked by 
the month for two and a half years in Frank- 
lin Township. November 21, 1861, he was 
married to Miss Nancy Howard, daughter of 
William and Susanna (Rogers) Howard, both 
of whom are deceased. To this union have 
been born ten children — Ella, Gladys (de- 
ceased), Susannah, George, Harvey, Robert, 
.Mary, Eva, Orian and Donald, twins. Gla- 
dys was nineteen years old at the time of 
her decease. Mr. McMurtry served as assess- 
or four years, and as assistant assessor one 
yeai'. He owns seventy acres of good land, 

all obtained by his own industry and econ- 
omy, and his time is devoted to fanning and 
stock-raising. When he arrived in Franklin 
Township in 185!) he had just 10 cents. 

t HOMAS JOB, pioneer of Floyd Town- 
m\M ship, resides on section 21, where he 
■tP owns eighty acres of land upon winch 
he settled lifty years ago. He was born in 
Wayne County, Indiana, in 1812, and was a 
son of Samuel and Rachel (Call) Job, natives of 
North Carolina and of English-German an- 
cestry. They came to this comity in 1827, 
settling in Monroe Township, where they 
lived several years, then moved to Missouri. 
They started back to their former home, the 
mother dying on the road. It was the father's 
intention to return to Indiana, but he died 
one year later. They reared teu children, 
live of whom are now living. Thomas was 
the third child, lie was married in Floyd 
Township, in 1831, to Miss Alary Gibson, 
who died in 1834 leaving one child, Louis. 
now living in Missouri, who has three 
children— William, Mary E. and Charles. 
In 1835 Mr. Job married Nancy M. Ellis, a 
native of Tennessee and daughter of Thomas 
and Sarah Ellis, also natives of Tennessee and 
of English ancestry. They have eight chil- 
dren — William L., now serving as trustee of 
the township, it being his third term. He 
is one of the most prominent young men of his 
township. Sarah E., wife of Joel Shinn, of 
Floyd Township, has seven children — Rosella 
M.j Alma, Lee, Ollie, Otis, Dessie and Carl. 
Leroy is unmarried; Jefferson married Louisa 
Turner and their three children are — Bessie, 
Zelma and Elbert E.i Allen married Nettie 
MeVay and lias three children — Ida, Mattie 
and Daisy; Mary married Joseph Under- 
wood and has three children — Roma, (diaries 


PjPs sz* 



and Ernest: Martha married Wallace Day, ■ mitted to practice in thi.- superior courts, he 
and their children arc Roy, Grace, Amy and \ had become extensively known throuo-hont 
Ethel. Mr. do', has held the office of trus- nil the adjoining counties. Fn July, 1859, 
tee under both old and new law. lie has he formed a partnership with Mr. A. \)&<riry 
also served as constable. In politics he affil- j under the (inn name of Williamson &Dao-gy, 
iates with the Democratic party. He started | which partnership stilt exists. They have an 
in life poor and endured hardships and pri- j extensive and lucrative, practice. In 1860 
vations. All he has has been obtained by the Mr. Williamson took an active part in the 
sweat of his brow. Both himself and wife are j presidential contest, and was a devoted ad- 
greatly respected in their community. j herent of Stephen A. Douglas, for whom he 

; cast his last Democratic vote. In 1861 he 

^,. ( Vh;-^-4. j unflinchingly espoused the cause of the 

| Union, and zealously devoted himself to pro- 
P^ON. DELANO E. WILLIAMSON, o{ j moting the war spirit in Putnam and adjoin- 
;j;j Greencastle, was born in Florence, ! ing counties. This created a lend between 
~. b Boone County, Kentucky, August 19, him and the Democratic party which ex- 
1822. In 1830 his parents, Robert and ! eluded him from its counsels. In 1802 he 
Lydia (Madden) Williamson, removed to j was nominated for the office of Attorney 
Covington, same State, thence, in 1833, to j General of the Stale by a union convention of 
Vermillion Comity. Illinois, where .Delano j Republicans ami Union Democrats: but party 
remained until his nineteenth year, and at- j feeling ran high and was intensified by Presi- 
tended the common schools. In 1841 he j dent Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, 
came to Greencastle with the intention of en- j and the whole State ticket was defeated. In 
tering college, but abandoned the plan alter j 1861 Mr. Williamson was nominated for the 
two weeks sojourn, and accepted the position i same office by the Republican party, by ac- 
of deputy county clerk at Rowling Green, j clamation, and was elected, holding the office 
In March, the following year, he was married j three consecutive terms of two years each. 
to Miss Elizabeth Elliott, and the next year In 1870 he declined a fifth nomination for 
returned to Greencastle and entered the law j the same office, and has since taken but little 
office of Eccles & Llanna to complete his law ! interest in politics, devoting himself entirely 
studies, having previously devoted his time to his profession and to improvements calcu- 

to that study while residing in Bowlim-' 
Green. After being admitted to the bar he 

lated to advance the material interests of 
Greencastle, the city in which he lives. Mr. 

located in Clay County, Indiana, where he Williamson was a second time married, Jan- 
practiced, until 1852, and was then elected on j uary 3, 1861, to Miss Carrie Badger, daugh- 
the Democratic ticket to the Lower J louse of i ter of the Rev. O. P. Badger, 
the Indiana Legislature, to represent Clay i 

County. In 1S53 lie again returned to j ~~.i g » 3ns « gi» *» — 

Greencastle, and five years later was nomi- 
nated for Representative to the State Legis- 
lature, but owing to a division in the 
Democratic party he was defeated by five 

1 stock-raiser, resides on section 3, Wash- 
?' ington Township, where he owns 
votes. Tu the meantime, having been ad- I ninety-eight acres of land. lie was born in 


this county, July 21, 1845, son of Henry, 
deceased, and Mary A. (Albaugh) Hutchison. 
The mother resides on the home farm. In 
1864 Dudley enlisted in Company E, First 
Indiana Heavy Artillery, (serving fifteen 
months. He was discharged at Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana, and mustered out at New Orleans, 
lie was married March 23, 1871, to Miss 
Sarah Ilooten, daughter of James 13. and 
Naomi Ilooten, pioneers oi' Putnam County. 
The mother is deceased and the father is living 
in this county. Mrs. Hutchison was horn in 
this county, March 4, 1854. Their children 
are- — Phillip O., Henry A., Peter S. ? Naomi P., 
James L. and Otto. Mr. Hutchison is a Re- 
publican in politics, and is a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

JffSAAC BROWNING, an early settler of 
U Putnam County, was horn in Mason 
•^ County, Kentucky, December 11, 1823, 
son of Edmund and Hannah Browning, the 
former a native of Virginia and the latter of 
New Jersey. His father's ancestors were 
English and his mother's German. The 
lather was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
His parents had nine children, of whom three 
survive -Thompson, George and Isaac. The 
father died in Kentucky, and in 1836 he and 
his mother came to this county, settling in 
Greencastle Township, where the mother 
died in li>52. Since 1836 our subject has 
been a resident of this county. He was 
married August 31, 1848, to Miss Amanda 
Steers, daughter of Joseph and Sarah Steers, 
of this county, and they had seven children, 
four of whom are living — William, a resi- 
dent of Kansas, John G., George and Scott. 
Mrs. Browning died November 29, 1878. 
She was a kind and loving wife and mother, 
and was greatly missed in the family circle. 

She was a worthy member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and esteemed by all who 
knew her. Mr. .Browning owns 255 acres of 
( good land, and is a successful farmer. lie is 
a Republican in politics, and has served cred- 
itably as school director. 


fOSEPIl B. P.OWEN, farmer and stock- 
raiser, resides on section 34, Jackson 
-,v, Township, where he owns 154 acres of 
land. He also owns 340 acres in other parts 
of the township. He was born in this county, 
July 15, 1832, son of Anthony and Amanda 
(Vansant) Bowen, natives of Kentucky and 
of Scotch-Irish descent. They came to this 
county in 1831, settling near Russellviile, 
where they remained until the year 1833, re- 
moving thence to Jackson Township and 
residing there until the death of the lather, 
which occurred in 1883, at the age of seventy- 
three years. The mother is still living and 
resides in New Maysville. She is seventy- 
four years of age. The parents reared three 
sons, two of whom are living— A. J., who re- 
sides in Danville, Hendricks County, and our 
subject. The latter was reared a farmer and has 
followed that occupation thus far through life. 
Ilis father taught school several years, in an 
early day. Joseph was married in this 
county, in 1S55, to Nancy A. Vansandt, a 
; daughter of John Vansandt, born in I land 1- 
! ton County, Ohio, in 1^37, and their children 
i are — Clara A., wife of John T. Jones, of Bath 
j County, Kentucky, lias one child — Stanley; 
Millard A. married Catherine Miller, and has 
one child — Pearle; William H. married An- 
tha Cassity, and has one child — Raymond 
A.; Oscar II., Frank II., Eva J., Joseph B., Jr., 
Minnie E. and Arthur. Air. Bowen has 
served as trustee of New Maysville for 
several years, and in politics is a Republican. 


Himself and wife are members of the Chris- Kansas; Jennie V\; Horatio, of Wichita, 
tian church. He had about 8500 to start j Kansas, Samuel \\ r ., William T. and 
with, and the rest of his property he has ' < -harles L., also of Wichita, and Em- 
made himself. j ma, wife of Edward Brown, of Mont- 

j gomcry County, Illinois. Air. Rambo set- 
■ - , *-*4*^ M **5'*^ ' ! tied upon his present farm on section 29, 

| Greencastle Township, in 1870. and has since 
SteAVID II. RAMBO, an early settler of ■ resided there. He owns a good farm of forty 
-j Putnam County, and a resident of i acres in Clinton Township, and nine acres 
- Greencastle Township, was born in the ' where he resides. Lie is a member of the 
State of Delaware. December 14, 1812, eon j Methodist Episcopal church, and has served 
of Richard and Sarah Rambo, also natives of as steward and trustee. His wife is also a 
that State. His father's ancestors were j member of the same church. Politically ho 
Swedes and his mother's Irish. In 1838 he , affiliates with the Republican party, 
came to Putnam County with his parents, i 

who settled in Russell Township, where the I — -*»-^nH^^ — - 

father died soon after. He built and oper- \ 

ated what was so well known throughout the ' vfl A MITEL OAT1IERWOOD, Esq., was 
northern part of Putnam County as Rambo's tv^l; •"■"" n Ul Harrison County, Kentucky, 
saw and grist mill, stationed at Raccoon! ~r^ October l>, 1.817. His father died 
Creek, and run by water power, lie was the when he was very young and he was reared 
father of ten children, of whom the follow- j by a brother in Lexington. He was educated 
ing survive— Margaret, widow of Samuel j at Georgetown College and at Transylvania 
Lloyd, of this county; Sarah, wife of William j University at Lexington. Upon reaching 
Glenn, of Missouri; Ellen, widow of Elza : manhood he engaged in civil engineering. 
Butcher, of this county; French, of Kansas; In 1839 he came to Putnam County, locating 
and Eveline, widow of Walter Sewell, -A' in Franklin Township, where he taught 
Putnam County. He was a member of the school nearly two years. He was then nit- 
Masonic fraternity, and was esteemed by all ; pointed county surveyor and located in Greeu- 
who knew him. He was twice married. Oar | castle, serving in that capacity seven years. 
subject was first married December 14,1837, j In 181G he embarked in the mercantile trade 
his wife being Catherine Brazier, of Cler- ; in connection with surveying, which he eon- 
mont County, Ohio, and they had nine chil- tinned until LS48, and was then variously 
dren, only two of whom survive- — Henry and (engaged until 1852, alien he accepted the 
Samuel. His second wife was formerly Miss ! position of station agent for the Terre Haute 
Elizabeth Turner. His third and present & Indianapolis Railway, at. Greencastle. Af- 
wife was Martha (Wiley) Ford, daughter of j tor serving thirty -one years he retired from 
Samuel and Lydia Wiley, of Philadelphia, | the office on account of failing health. In 
Pennsylvania. She had previously been mar- ' 1881 he was appointed justice of the peace 
ried, October 10, 1839, to Horatio N. Ford, of Greencastle Township, lie also served 
oi Chester County. Pennsylvania, and they i three years as school trustee of that township, 
had nine children, sewn living— Cornelia, I January 3, 1848, Mr. Catherwood was mar- 
wife of Lewis Martin, of Wilson County, ! ried to Miss Elizabeth Strong, at Bowling 


Green, Indiana, daughter of Mrs. Robert 
Uanna, of Indianapolis. I lor father, John 
W. Strong, died when she was very young. 
To this union were horn tour children— El- 
len, wife of William IT. Peck, a fanner of 
Warren Township; John S., who died in in- 
fancy; Albert S., a conductor on the JUoium 
Ilailroad, and Fred I)., a telegraph operator 
and clerk in office of general Southern agent 
of the Dee Line at Cincinnati. Mr. Gather- 
wood is a thirty-second-dogree Mason, and 
has served his lodge as worshipful master 
two years, and served several terms as secre- 
tary and treasurer in his lodge, chapter and 

^fOSEPil LEE, farmer, section 1, Monroe 
M\ Township, was born in Barren County, 
^C Kentucky, February 4, 1823. His 
father, Henry Lee. now deceased, was a na- 
tive of Virginia, lie was reared on a farm 
and educated in the subscription schools 
which were taught in the primitive log cabin 
of pioneer times. These school-houses had 
split logs for seats, boards on wooden pins 
for desks, puncheon floors, clapboard roofs, 
mud-ami-stick chimneys, and huge fireplaces 
in one end of the room. One log was left 
out for light, and sometimes greased paper 
was used in the aperture thus made. Mr. 
Lee came to this county in the fall of 1845, 
settling in Monroe Township, where lie has 
since resided. The home farm consists of 
100 acres of land, which is devoted to farm- 
ing and stock-raising. He was married May 
2, 1847, to Mrs. Catherine Cassity, daughter 
of David Badger, now deceased. She was 
born in Montgomery County, Kentucky, and 
had been married twice. By her first mar- 
riage was one child, Uriah W . Chambers, and 
to the second marriage, also one child — 

I Oliver A. Cassity. Mr. and Mrs. Lee have 
I spent ten or twelve winters in Lawrence 
County, Middle Tennessee. They are mem- 
bers of the Christian church.. 

HOMAS A. MOORE, deceased, late of 
: Greencastle Township, son of Thomas 
?ip' and Nancy (Walker) Moore, was a 
Virginian bv birth and hv occupation a 

v V X 

I farmer. In early manhood he removed from 
! Virginia to Tennessee, where he remained 
! until 1834, when he removed to Putnam 
| County. Indiana, where he resided until his 
i death, lie was twice married. His first 
I wife, Jane Cox, died in 1828, leaving him 
one daughter, Harriet, now Mrs. Willis, of 
! Putnam County. In l^ol he married Eliz- 
abeth Nugent, of ilankins County, Tennes- 
| see. Of this marriage there were born nine 
1 children, all of whom with their mother sur- 
vive. Three of the sons arc attorneys and 
one a minister. Two of the daughters have 
been successful teachers in the public schools. 
Mr. Moore was long a leading member of the 
j Methodist Episcopal church both in Tennes- 
see and Indiana. In the iatter State he was 
a pioneer of Methodism. When he settled 
in Putnam County, though the county Lad 
been organized twelve year.-, the country was 
almost a wilderness, and churches and school- 
houses comparatively unknown. lie imme- 
; diately became an earnest worker in the 
i church and active in the promotion of the 
| temperance reform, then scarcely agitated in 
I Indiana. In both these works he continued 
j earnest and energetic until his death. Be- 
j lieving he could best promote temperance by 
I his own example, he personally abstained 
'■• from the use of intoxicating drinks and re- 
! fused to furnish them to persons in lus 
I employ, even when warned that such a 


course would cost him the friendship and 
assistance of his neighbors, so indispensable 
in pioneer life. However, he persisted in 
what he deemed right, and lived to see the 
vast majority of his friends and neighbors 
adopt both his views and practice in the mat- 
ter. In the church he was equally zealous 
and energetic. Though but a layman he was 
a busy organizer, and every neighborhood 
and settlement within his reach felt the 
quickening influence of his zeal and activity. 
There were comparatively few ministers in 
the country. These could not always, nor 
indeed often, be procured to visit the sick and 
♦lying. Such ministrations as these received 
were very largely the work of earnest, intel- 
ligent laymen. In this work Mr. .Moore 
performed every part allowed to one not or- 
dained a minister, and his conduct and life 
were such as to eminently tit him to in- 

,d hold tli 

nfidence of those to 
whom he ministered. lie was eminently a 
manly man. Independent in thought, de- 
cided iii his opinions, a natural leader, he was 
always found on the side of right and justice, 
whatever might be the question of the hour. 
and always ready to lend a helping hand to 
every worthy enterprise. His widow, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Moore, still lives at his old home in 
Putnam County. 


vlRON II. SANDY, farmer, section 5, 
AA Gloverdale Township, owns *10 acres 
*~^^ of land lying in Jefferson and Clover- 
dale Townships, and is engaged in general 
fanning and stock-raising and feeding. He 
was born in Owen County, this State, dune 
15, 1842, son of William B. Sandy. When 
about five years of age he came with his par- 
ents to this county, when he grew to manhood 
and received a common-school education. 

lie remained at home until his marriage, 
which occurred April 6, 1862. with Miss 
Amanda Allee, who was born in Jefferson 
Township, February 12, 1844, a daughter of 
John Allee. After his marriage Mr. Sand} r 
located on a farm in Jefferson Township. He 
settled upon his present farm in September, 
1882. They have had. nine children — Luclla, 
Eveline. I.yde, William .1., Alpha A., Fran- 
cis M., Phillip A.. Ralph A. and Grace P. 
Mr. Sandy started in life with limited means. 
His father gave him a horse, and his wile 
received the gift of ahorse from her parents. 
Those horses formed their first team, lie 
worked for his father two years for 50 cents 
per day, after which he followed farming in 
I Jefferson Township. What he has he lias 
| made himself. At one time he owned 950 
| acres; but in November. 1880, he sold 140 
j acres. His children have received good edu- 
! cational advantages, and he always takes a 
deep interest in educational matters. 

! ^vAVii) ADKK, farmer and stock-raiser. 
All section 11, Monroe Township, is one of 
! ^0 the prominent pioneers of Putnam Coan- 
| ty, ana was born in Davison County, North 
Carolina, March 6, 1822. II is father, Solo- 
mon Ader, was a native of Virginia, and a 
son of Adam Ader, who was a native of Mary- 
land and of German ancestry. His mother, 
Elizabeth (Pickle") Ader. was a daughter of 
Valentine Pickle, also of German ancestry. 
David came with his parents to this State in 
1827, and to this county in March, 1828, 
settling in the wild woods among the Indians 
of Russell Township. There were many 
wild animals and rattlesnakes when they first, 
settled there. Their first house was a pole 
cabin, 14x10 feet, only one room, which served 
as kitchen, dining-room, sleeping-room and 

-, IN 


parlor. Our subject had the usual pioneer 
experience of grubbing, chopping, picking 
brash and rolling logs, lie attended school 
in the pioneer lug school-house, which hud 
hoards on wooden pins for desks, a puncheon 
floor, and one row of lights for windows. 
The seats were made of split logs and the 
roof wps made of clapboards. During dry 
seasons they had to go to Indianapolis to mill, 
a distance of thirty-one miles, with ox teams, 
requiring three days to make the trip, lie 
was married January 9, 1845, to Miss Eliz- 
abeth Aldridgc, a daughter of Nathan Al- 
dridge, now deceased. To this union were 
born two children — Nathan W. and Helen E. 
Mrs. Ador died May 1, 1854, and January 18, 
1855, Mr. Aderwas married to Mrs. Belinda 
C. Buchanan, whose first husband was Eli 
Buchanan. She was born January 27. 1824, 
daughter of Francis Edmonson. To this 
second union were born four children, two of 
whom arc living- -Alice P. and Francis D. 
By her first marriage Mrs. Ader had two 
children, one of whom, Emma E., is liviim. 
Mr. Ader's son, Nathan \Y.„ married Mollie 
Kelson, and their two children are- -Charles 
E. and Lillie; his present wife was formerly 
JMattieMcKce. Helen E. married Joseph Sher- 
fey of Brazil, Indiana, and live of their six 
children are living — David A., YViniield, Mary 
M., Elizabeth A., and Henry E. Alice!). 
• narried William Davis, of Oarpentersville, 
this county, and they have one child — Caro- 
lina A. Emma Buchanan married Thomas 
Hamrick, of Belleville, Indiana, and has three 
children — Minnie A.. John A. and Charles T. 
Mr.Ader never seeks official positions, but was 
at one time persuaded to accept the office of 
justice of the peace. During the late war he 
did a great deal of recruiting for his town- 
ship to secure men for the service, paying 
$18,000 for substitutes, as agent tor his town- 
ship. Himself and wli'v arc members of the 

! Cumberland Presbyterian church. lie began 

| life with nothing, and has had very little help. 

By good management, industry and economy 

he has accumulated a landed estate of 2,350 

acres of land, well improved, and he also owns 

a two-thirds interest in a brick block at Bain- 

j bridge. He has a $2,200 interest in the 

| gravel road east from Bainbridge. 

^ + 

fEORGE B. IIILLIS, a pioneer of Put- 
nam County, was born in this county 
• April G, 1828, son of Abram and Eliz- 
abeth (Peck) llillis, natives of Fleming Coun- 
i ty, Kentucky. Two of his maternal uncles 
| were in the war of 1812. His father's 
! ancestors were Irish. His parents came to 
I this county from Kentucky in the fall of 
| 1825, the mother making the entire trip on 
; horseback, carrying one child in her arms. 
I They were about three weeks on the road, 
I camping out wherever night overtook them. 
| They settled on section 3, Greencastle Town- 
! ship, where the hither entered 160 acres of 
land from the Government. It was a dense 
i forest, and the family necessarily endured all 
j the hardships and privations incident to pio- 

1 neer life. The father died June 7, 1808, 


j lamented by the whole community, lie was 

i widely and favorable known throughout the 

j country. He was of a jovial disposition, and in 

i consequence made many friends. Himself 

| and wife were members of the Presbyterian 

j church. In politics he was a Republican, 

\ and has served creditably as justice of the 

'• peace. The mother died January 2, 1885. 

i They were the parents of twelve children, of 

! whom nine are living — Betsey A., wife of 

| Christian Landes: George P.; Mary A., who 

i married Arnzi Finley; Sarah, wife of Enoch 

L. Foxworthy; John L; Henry II.: James 

1 II., of Harrison County. Missouri; Ahnon 


T., and Margaret E., wife of William II. I Mr. Elliot died in August, 1871. Me was a 
Foreman, of Clark County, Kentucky, loving husband, i\ kind father, an obi in-i no- 
John L., rienry EI. and James II. were neighbor, and was respected by all who knew 
soldiers in the war of the Rebellion, sew- him. fn polities he was a Democrat. His 
ing their country faithfully. George B. j widow still owns eighty acres of land, and 
Ilillis, our subject, has been reared to j resides on the homestead in Mill Creek Town- 
manhood in this county, and received a j ship. Her parents were natives of Tennes- 
rudimentary education in the early pioneer | see. Her father came to Indiana about sixty- 
schools, not having the advantages enjoyed ' years ago and first settled in Hendricks 
by the young men of to-day. II e was a constant j County, lie afterward removed to this 
reader and became well informed upon the ; county, settling in what is now known as 
general topics of the day. December 'J, j Mill Creek Township. The country was then 
1857, he was united in marriage with MissEIiz- j a wilderness, and he endured mam- hardships, 
abeth Scobee, born April 2, 1837, in Mont- j He was the father of a large family of chil- 
gomery County, Kentucky, and a daughter of | dren, of whom the following survive — Re- 
William and Nellie J. Scobee, the latter be- j beeca, wife of L. M. I'uis; Jane; Sallie, 
ingdeceased. To this union six children have widow of Jefferson Hurst; .Melissa, wife of 
been born— Mary J., William A., a resident William Jackson; John. Sylvester, James 
of Montana, Sarah E., Emma E., George 11., ; and Brice. The deceased are --William, El- 
Maggie M. Mr. Ilillis owns 330 acres of mina, Mary E. and Elizabeth. .Mr. Wallace 
land and has been a successful farmer. He j was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
and his wife have made the most of their prop- J church, and in politics a Democrat. He was 
erty by hard work and good management, highly esteemed by all who knew him. 
lie is a Republican through and through in I 

politics, and he has creditably served one '•^I^K-*^**-* — 

term as assessor of Greencastlc Township. 

Mrs. Ilillis is a member of the Methodist |f|EORGE HATHAWAY, attorney-at-law 
Episcopal church. • l T an< ^ a ^stractor, at Greencastlc, is a son 

"Wl of Russell L., deceased, and Mary T. 
.o^^m^V**. (Wood) Hathaway, and WaS born in Green- 
I castle October 2. 1853. lie graduated at 
ISflfcANKLIN ELLIOT, deceased, was a : Asbury University with the class of '75. 
.jj\3s son of Samuel and Catherine Elliot, the While attending the university he studied 
T- former one of the early settlers of the law under his father, and after his 
county. His first marriage was with Char- graduation he was admitted to the bar, 
lotto Alexander, and the}- had six children, ' and began the practice of his proles- 
three of whom are living. John is in Mis- j sion with his father at Greencastlc, under the 
souri; Hugh and Alice arc in Illinois. For j firm name of Hathaway & Hathaway. This 
his second wife he married Jane Wallace, partnership continued until the death of his 
born in Indiana, and a daughter of Enoch lather, which occurred in L881. In 1885 he 
and Winnie Wallace, natives of Tennessee, began the compilation of abstract of titles of 
Five of their ten children are living — Syl- j Putnam County, and engaged in the abstract 
vester, Harriet, Mary E., Sarah E. and Briec. business at Greencastlc. In 1882, beimr one 



of the principal movers in the organization 
of the Building, Loan and Trust Association 
of Greencastle, known as the People's Build- 
ing, Loan Lund and Saving Association, he 
was elected secretary. In 1886 he was 
elected secretary of the Putnam County 
Building, Loan and Trust Company, of which 
he was one of the principal incorporators. 
In 188(3 he became a stockholder in the 
Greencastle Electric Light Company, and was 
elected secretary and treasurer. He is a Re- 
publican in politics, and in 1880 was elected 
justice of the peace of Greencastle Town- 
ship, and re-elected in 1884, but resigned 
sood after his election. October 4, 1877, he 
was married near Rock vi He, Parke County, 
Indiana, to Miss Alice M. McMurtry, daugh- 
ter of Alexander R. and Melissa (Russell) 
McMurtry. She was born and reared in 
Parke County, and educated at the Presbyte- 
rian Female College at Greencastle. They 
are members of the Presbyterian church at 
Greencastle, of which he is one of the ruling 
elders, and Sabbath -school superintendent. 

^JfOITN L. lilLLIS, fanner and stock- 
^Jfj raiser, Greencastle Township, was born 
'^l in this county October 4, 1834, son of 
Abram and Elizabeth llillis, natives of Ken- 
tucky. Two of his maternal uncles were 
soldiers in the war of 1812. In the fall of 
1825 his parents emigrated to this county, 
his mother coming the entire distance on 
horseback, riding a three-year-old colt, and 
carrying in her arms an infant six weeks old. 
They settled in Greencastle Township, in the 
woods, where the father had previously en- 
tered land. The first few weeks after their 
arrival they lived in an open tent while then 
loo- cabin was being built. The first year's 
crop consisted of a few acres of grain. Com- 

; iug, as they did, with just money enough 
| to pay for the laud, they necessarily endured 
| many hardships and privations. The father 
I died in 1808, leaving to his family a good 
I property, which was the accumulations of a 
; life of toil and good management. lie was 
j the father of thirteen children, of whom the 
I following survive— Betsey, wife of Christian 
j Landes; George B.; Mary, wife of Amzi 
j Finley; John L.; Sarah E., wife of E. L. 
Fox worthy; James; Abram: Emma, wife of 
, William Foreman; Henry II. He was a 
; Republican in politics, and served several 
; years as justice of the peace. Religiously he 
! belonged to the Presbyterian church, lie was 
a skillful liter, and was frequently solicited 
to perform on that instrument on different 
j occasions. Our subject was reared in this 
: county, receiving but a limited education in 
| the early schools. In early life lie followed 
! carpentering, but in later years his attention 
i has been given to fanning and stock-raising. 
July 4, 1861, he enlisted in Company E, 
, Twenty-first Indiana Infantry, and was as- 
: signed to the Army of the Gulf. He veter- 
! anized in January, 1864. He fought at 
1 Baton Rouge, Camp Bizlen, Franklin, Port 
j Hudson, and in numerous other engage- 
ments of less importance. He made quite a 
remarkable record. At no time was he a 
patient in the hospital; was not separated 
from his company during any engagement; 
and was the only man of a mess of six that 
returned home, lie was honorably dis- 
charged January 10, 1866. He enlisted as a 
private and was afterward promoted to Ser- 
gean t,and continued as such during the remain- 
der of his service. February 22, 1 866, he was 
married to Miss Indiana Stoner, daughter of 
Peter Stoner, who was a pioneer of this 
county. They had ten children, seven of 
whom are living— Alva L., Alary, Ollie, 
Frank, Edgar, Bertha and Jennie. Mr. 



Hillis owns 295 acres of good land, of which 
104 acres constitutes the home farm on sec- 
tion 29, Greencastle Township. lie is a 
Republican in politics, and a member of 
Greencastle Post, G. A. R. 

—~, „g . 3 , ,;.%, — 

|1LLIAM B. SANDY, farmer, section 
| 6, Oloverdale Township, was born 
^Hi near Gosport, Owen County, this 
State, September 3, 1820, son of Thomas and 
Sarah (Bush) Sandy. His father was born 
in North Carolina, June 15, 1797,. son of 
William Sandy, who came from England 
when a young num. and was married in North 
Carolina to Catherine Beck, a native of Vir- 
ginia. They removed to East Tennessee in 
1811, thence to Washington County, Indiana, 
where the father remained until his decease. 
He was a farmer by occupation. The 
mother died in Morgan County, this State, in 
March, 18-15, aged eighty-six years. She was 
the mother of eight children— live daughters 
and three sons. She was a member of the 
Missionary Baptist church. Thomas Sandy 
was twelve years old when his parents re- 
moved to Washington County. He was 
married in that county, in 1*17, to Sarah 
Bush, born in Virginia in 1787. Her father. 
John Hush, was born in Germany, came to 
America when a young man, was married in 
Virginia, locating near Louisville, thence to 
Washington County, Indiana, where he died 
in 1819. His wife died on the same farm. 
They were the parents of eight children, six 
of whom were boys. Thomas Sandy settled 
in Owen County in the spring of 1820, pur- 
chasing his land at the time of the land sale 
at Terre Haute, Indiana, lie remained on 
that farm until his death, February 25. 18G3. 
His wife died April &, 1846, and he after- 
ward married Mrs. Nancy (Brown) Johns. 

F5y his first marriage were six children- 
three sons and three daughters. Mr. and 
Mrs. Sandy were members of the Christian 
church. William B.. om - subject, was reared 
to manhood in Owen County, and educated 
in the pioneer log school-house. He re- 
mained at home on the farm until his mar- 
riage August 15, 1839, with Evelina 
| McCarty. She was born in Kentucky, May 
j 1, 1819. After his marriage Mr. Sandy 
i followed farming until the spring of 1817, 
! when he removed to Putnam County and 
j engaged in the mercantile trade at Clover- 
dale. He followed that business until ls54, 
| since which time he has been engaged in 
j farming. Mr. Sandy is one of the largest 
j land-holders in his township, owning about 
I GOO acres besides what he has given to his 
1 children. He makes a specialty of raising 
j stock. He commenced life with limited 
! means, and what he has was obtained by his 
! own exertions. Mrs. Sandy died March 15, 
; 1881. They had five children- Aaron II., 
| Sarah E., who married Francis M. Alice, of 
! Jefferson Township; Thomas W., William 
F. and James II. Mrs. Sandy Mas formerly 
i a Baptist, but previous to her death united 
| with the Christian church. January 10, 
| 1882, Mr. Sandy was married to Alary (Gart- 
| ner) Walden. who was born in Liussell Town- 
| ship, this county, December 27, 1839, and 
[ whose first husband was .John Walden. By 
her first marriage were three children -Em- 
I ily, deceased. Jesse F. and George, a resident 
j of California. Mr. and Mrs. Sandy have 
one child— Beryl B. Mr. Sandy is a strictly 
: temperance man, and in politics a Democrat, 
having cast his first Presidential vote for 
i James K. Polk. Aaron II. McCarty, father 
| of Mr. Sandy's first wife, was a native of 
Virginia and came to Kentucky with his 
parents when a boy. where he married Nancy 
Beavears, and removed to Owen County in 




the fall of 1824, where lit; followed farmim 
Since 1878 he has been livino" with hi.- ehi 

cratie Central Committee of the Fifth Con- 
gressional District. Lie was married March 
dren, and is at present living with Mr. 10, 1875, to Miss Elizabeth N. Boleigh, of 
Sandy. lie was born April 5, 1791. flis Indianapolis. Four children are the fruits 
wife died in Owen County January 28,1885. oi' this union — Ethel, Frances, Charles and 
She was born January 20, 1799, and was the Edna. Mr. Arnold is a Mason, being a mem- 
mother of twelve children, eight of whom ber of the lodge, chapter and commandery, 
were girls. Mrs. McCarty was a member of and also belongs to the Royal Arcanum, lie 
the Missionary Baptist church, of which Mr. and wife are members of the Episcopal 

McCarty is still a member, 
and his wife was of French 
has always been a farmer. 

He is of Irish 
ancestry. He 

'hurch. of which Mr. Arnold is warden. 


I in Ontario, Canada, February 19, 1815, 
■ ; the son of John A. and Elizabeth S. j 
shton) Arnold. The former is well known ; 
Creencastle, having come to that city in j 
"I, and for twenty-four years dealt in j 
its and shoes. fie is now retired from j 
ive pursuits, and resides in Kansas with | 
-•j!. i f <>n. E. J. Arnold. Of a family of 
•e sons and one daughter, F. A. is the ! 
>st i^u. lie received a s:ood eommoi 

school education, and graduated from the I 
Creencastle High School at the age of nine- 
teen, lie then entered the Press office and 
learned the printer's trade, at which he 
worked at Creencastle, Indianapolis and Lan- 
sing, Michigan. He was also for live years 
an iron-molder. In 1873 he returned to 
Creencastle, and the year following estab- 
lished the Star, which he yet publishes, 
under the name of the Star-Press. Having 
no financial start or assistance, Mr. Arnold 
has acquired his present business and social 
standing, and his property, entirely by perse- 
verance and ability. He has taken a promi- 
nent part in local politics, and is a member I 
and secretary of the Democratic County j 
Central Committee, as well as the Demo- I 

ypiLDEU EZEKIEL WEIGHT resides on 

C; \W. section 21, Madison Township, where 
J^- he owns 120 acres of land. He was 
born in North Carolina, December 19, 1821, 
son of Amos and Elizabeth Wright, also 
natives of North Carolina, and of Welsh- 
Irish ancestry. His maternal grandfather 
was a soldier of the Revolutionary war. The 
family settled in Madison Township in 
1827, where the father died in 1876, aged 
eighty-eight years. The mother died in 1880, 
aged ninety years. Their twelve children 
lived to be grown, and six are now living — 
Linnie, Ezekiel and Ehoda of this county; 
Nathan, a minister of the Church of Christ, 
now of Douglas, Kansas; Dicey, also of Doug- 
las. Kansas, and Turner.of Longmont,Oolorado. 
Our subject was reared on a farm, his present 
farm being a part of the old homestead. He 
was ordained elder of the church in 1852, 
and commenced preaching, and since about 
1857 has been preaching in Illinois, Kansas 
and Indiana. December 31, 1841, he was 
married to Miss Celia Wright, daughter of 
Levi and Nancy Wright, who was born in 
Pennsylvania in 1818, and died February 
22, 1884. Five of their six children are living 
— Henry C, of Kansas, married Minerva 
Simms, who died, and he afterward married 
her sister, Lueinda; Fanny, widow of Austin 



Simms, resides with her father; Barton S., of 
Beman,Kansas; Levi M. and NaiicyE.atliome. 
Martha is deceased. Mr. Wright has served 
as township treasurer three years, and as town- 
ship trustee about nine years. He is a self- 
made man. His early education was limited 
to the common schools of his time. In pol- 
itics he is a Democrat. 


IK) MAS FYFFE, farmer, section 12, j 
Ijif Monroe Township, was horn in Mason j 
W County. Kentucky, October 27, 1814. ! 
His father, Jonathan Fyffe, now deceased, I 
was a native of Maryland, and an early settler 
of Mason Comity. His early life was passed 
on a farm, and his education was obtained in 
the early subscription schools that were 
taught in the primitive log school -house,, with 
hoards on pegs for desks, clapboard roof, 
puncheon floor and slab seats. The teachers 
were those that believed in pounding educa- 
tion into their pupils with ox gads. Mr. 
Fyffe came to this county in the fall of 183G, 
settling in Monroe Township, and has since 
resided in the comity. He lived six years in 
Floyd Township, and in Monroe Township 
the remainder of the time. The country was 
new when he first came, and there was but 
little land cleared. His salt costed one dollar 
a bushel. lie went to Crawfordsville and In- 
dianapolis to mill, a distance of twenty-two 
and forty miles respectively. He was married 
January 9, 1840, to Miss Zerelda Allen, 
daughter of Robert Allen, now deceased, who 
was born in Montgomery County, Kentucky. 
They have had two children — Lou II. married 
John Q. Wilkinson and had six children- 
Leonora, "Wilbur, Carrol, Eddie and two 
deceased; and Mary C, who married Dr. 
Thomas L. Armstrong, veterinary surgeon, 
of Indianapolis, ;uu] they had one child, Jot'ic 

F., who lives with her grandparents, and is 
quite a musician; both daughters are now de- 
ceased. Mr. Fyffe owns 167 acres of land, and 
it is conceded to be one of the best farms in the 
county, being well watered, good soil, and 
timber laud. His residence is of brick, 64x 
33 feet, two stories in height, each twelve feet. 
He is president of two gravel road companies 
in Monroe Township. Mr. Fyffe never seeks 
official honors or political distinction. Both 
himself and wife are members of the Presby- 
terian church. Mrs. Fyffe's father was born 
in Virginia and came to Kentucky when a 
young man. 

fHRISTIAX LANDES, a pioneer of 
Putnam County, was born in Augusta 
"fe^i County, Virginia, April 5, lsl4, son of 
John and Frances Landes, natives of Penn- 
sylvania, and of German ancestry. He came 
to this county, in company with his brother 
Samuel Landes, in 1837, and for the first 
twelve years resided in Greencastle. He 
settled upon his present farm on section 31, 
Greencastle Township, in 1849, and has re- 
sided there ever since. lie owns 210 acres 
of good land, which he has obtained by his 
own labor and management, having come 
here with s500 , which he used "to advantage. 
He learned the blacksmith's trade in early life, 
which he followed many years. He was mar- 
ried October 1, 1840, to Miss Elizabeth A. 
Ilillis, daughter of Abram Ilillis, a pioneer 
of Putnam County. Of their twelve children 
ten arc living— Mary J., wife of William 
Butler; William II., Samuel E.. Sarah E., wife 
of Samuel Powen; Laura E., wife of Simpson 
Stoner; Alice, wife of Jonathan Houck; 
Albert, Flora V., now Mrs. James E. Houck, 
Grant and George. The deceased are—John 
and James. Mr. Landes is a member of the 


Methodist Episcopal church, and in politics a 

fOilN FOSHER, former, section 24, Rus- 
sell Township, was born in Preble 
i County, Ohio, March 22, 1822. His 
father, John Fosher, was born in Franklin 
County, Virginia, in 1786, and removed to 
Ohio in 1806. His mother, Elizabeth Lan- 
des, was a native of Pennsylvania. The par- 
ents removed" to Russell Township in 1822, 
being the first settlers on Ramp ('reek. The 
creek was named by the father, owing to the 
wonderful growth of ramps (wild onions) on 
its hanks. Mr. Fosher built the first cabin, 
flour and saw-mill on the creek, lie also 
built a church, which he donated to all 
denominations, and he was one of the first Uni- 
vcrsalists here. The grandfather of our sub- 
ject, Daniel Fosher, was horn May 12, 1703, 
in Germany, coming to the United States in 
1779, with his brother, who was a Hessian 
soldier in the Revolutionary war. John was 
reared on a farm and received a limited edu- 
cation in the early subscription schools. 
When a hoy he worked in his father's mill, 
in what was known as Blakesborongh, then a 
village in Russell Township. January 24, 
1847, he was married to Louisa M. Goslin, 
daughter of James and Mary Goslin, who 
settled in Jackson Township in 1830. They 
have had nine children — Jesse B., Clay, An- 
gel ine, Greeley, Parthena, Milton, William, 
Elizabeth and Cora. Milton and Cora arc 
deceased. Jesse married Barilla Young, re- 
sides in Ladoga and has two children- -Cora 
M. and Claude; Clay married Josephine 
Stultz, lives in Russell Township, and has four 
children — Theodore, Orval, Katie L. and 
Lizzie; Angel ine married Dr. Logan Stanley, 
of Fineastle, and their children are — Prudah, 

John, William and Winnie (twins); Greeley 
married Belle Rogers, and resides in Russell 
Township; Parthena married Jud. Linley, of 
Raccoon, and has three children — Nannie 
and two younger ones, a girl and a boy. Mr. 
Fosher owns 250 acres of good land, and de- 
votes his time to farming and stock-raising. 
Mrs. Fosher died December 24, 1879, and 
October 12, 1881, Mr. Fosher married Mrs. 
Louann Passmore, daughter of Samuel Glover, 
and widow of Archibald Passmore. By her 
iirst marriage were seven children— Sarah, 
Mary, Catherine, Taylor, Nancy, Amanda 
and Alice. Mr. Fosher is a member of the 
Fniversalist church. 

jJ^EZEKIAH 11. PERRY, farmer, residing 
\ Q'A on section 22, Warren Township, was 
*W-i born in Floyd County, Indiana. Octo- 
ber 11, 1829, a son of John S. and Sarah 
Perry, of Putnam County. lie came with 
his parents to Putnamville when a little over 
two years of age, in November, 1831, where 
he was reared till June, 1845, and then re- 
moved with his parents to the farm where he 
now resides. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools, such as reading, writing, arith- 
metic, geography, spelling and history. The 
principal teachers he went to were Horatio 
T. Wakefield, who removed to St. Paul, Min- 
nesota, in 1857, and died there, and William 
Waynick, who removed with his parents to 
Chariton, Lucas County, Iowa, in the spring 
of 1850, and died there. Both of them were 
good teachers, whom he respected. He learned 
the potter's trade with his father, and in Sep- 
tember, 1850, removed to Clay County, this 
State, where he was engaged in farming and 
mining and digging potter's clay, and part of 
the time carried on the pottery business un- 
til January 23, 1871, when he returned to 


Warren Township and settled upon the old 
homestead, where he has since resided. Be- 
sides his interest in the homestead he owns 
his farm on section '-20, Brazil Township, in 
Clay County, on which is an extensive coal 
and clay bank, the clay being the tirst to be 
used in the pottery business in the county. 
Sunday, June 7, 1863, at the residence of 
John Hendrix, of Brazil, Brazil Town- 
ship, Clay County, Mr. Perry was married to 
.Miss Harriet Maria Pilant, by the Rev. Ran- 
som Hawley, a Presbyterian minister of Put- 
namville, who resides with his sons at Terre 
Haute. She was born in Henry County, In- 
diana, November 4, 1841, and died January 
20, 1871. She was the mother of three chil- 
dren — Sarah Catherine, born April 2, 1804; 
Mary Ellen, burn May 27, 1866, died Janu- 
ary 9, 18S4, and John Stewart, born January j 
27, 1870. She was a member of the Method- j 
ist Episcopal church. Politically Mr. Perry ! 
is a Republican. lie is an extensive reader | 
and has read the New York weekly Tribune j 
since 1850, and the Greeucastle Banner j 
since 1866, and the Phrenological Journal j 
and Science of 1 fault h since 1870, besides! 
many oilier papers. 

IPJOBERT HOOD, deceased, a pioneer of 
- yY Putnam County, was born in Knox 
""^■iA County, Tennessee, in 1805. lie was 
reared to agricultural life in his native county, 
and was married in that State to Christina 
Rule, who was born in Virginia in 1804. 
Mr. Hood came from Tennessee to this county 
in the fall of 1828, and rented land on section 
25, Warren Township, one year, then re- 
moved to Clovcrdale Township, where he 
leased land or. section 6 several years. In 
1839 he entered land on section 32, and lived 
upon that farm until his death in April, 

1802. Mr. and Mrs. Hood had nine children, 
live sons and four daughters. They were 
members of the Christian church, of which 
Mr. Hood was an elder. He owned 114 acres 
of land, although he was in limited circum- 
stances when he came to the county. John 
R. Hood, a son of the preceding, resides on 
section 33, Cloverdale Township, and was 
born in that township March 2, 1834. He 
was reared in his native township ami 
educated in the common schools of his neigh- 
borhood. He remained at home until twenty- 
live years of age, and November 20. 1859, 
he was married to Mary C. Morgan, who was 
born in Cloverdale. Township September 23, 
1830, daughter of James I. Morgan, who was 
a native of Kentucky and came to Putnam 
County in an early day. He lived in Clo- 
verdale Township until his death. Her 
mother, Melinda (Dorrel) 'Morgan, also a na- 
tive of Kentucky, was the mother of eight 
children, seven of whom are sons. After 
his marriage our subject purchased and set- 
tled upon forty acres of his present farm 
where he still resides. He now has seventy 
acres, in a good state of cultivation. Politi- 
cally Mr. Hood is a Democrat, and has held 
positions of trust in the township. He 
served as assessor four years. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hood are the parents of seven children - 
William J., Melinda A., Nancy £., Mary M., 
Sarah E., Hester M. and Inda A. They are 
members of the Christian church, of which 
Mr. Hoed has served as deacon thirteen years. 
William J. Hood, only son of John li. Hood, 
was burn at the family homestead, August 7, 
1860, where lie grew to manhood. He at- 
tended the common schools of his county, 
and also the Central Normal School, at Dan- 
ville, three terms. He taught two terms of 
school, commencingin the fall of 1883. March 
4, L885, he purchased the office of the Clover- 
dale Herald of E. V. Ten nan t, in company with 



A. P. Sinclair, and clianged the name of the j is unusually bright and active for a worn 

paper to the Cloverdale Gazette. II is part- | of her age. 


ship with Mr. Sinclair continued until 

September, 1885, when Mr. Mood purchased j 
the interest of his partner and conducted the I 
paper alone until December, 1886. lie then I 
sold to W. E. Nangle, the present editor, j 
since which time he has been engaged in j 

fOILN W. EGGERS, farmer, miller and 
carpenter, resides on section 10, Jackson 
Township, where he owns 183 acres of 
laud. lie was born in Floyd Township, this 
county, August 8, 1838, a son of Jesse and 
Sarah (Morphew) Eggers, natives of Indiana, 
the former of English and the latter of 
French descent. They came to this county 
in 1831, where the father is still living. The 
grandfather of our subject, William Eggers, 
was in the war of 1812, and came to Indiana 
when it was a Territory, being an early set- 
tler of Putnam County. He was born in 
1795, and died October 16, 1886. John was 
married in this county January 19, 18(51, to 
Matilda A., daughter of Roland and Betsey 
Sutherlin, who was born in this county, 
Jackson Township, November 19, 18-13. 
They have three children— -Sarah, born May 
6, 1863, married Martin T. Henry, and has 
two children — Alva R. and Bertha M.; New- 
berry I)., born January 4, 1867; Genera F., 
born September 6, 187-1. Mr. Eggers has 
held the office of school director and other 
local olHces. In politics he is a Democrat, 
and himself and wife are members of the 
Baptist church. Mrs. Eggers' grandfather 
was one of the early settlers of Putnam 
County. Her father died in 1876, at the 
age of sixty-two years. Her mother is still 
living, and is seventy-four years of age. She 

IvSOAR W. ELLIS, farmer and dairyman, 
Greencastle Township, was born in 
'*--~~f*' Alexandria, Virginia, June 16,1831, 
son ot John \\ r . and Sarah E. Ellis, the for- 
mer a native of Virginia, of English ances- 
try, and the latter of England. To the 
parents were born thirteen children, of whom 
eleven are living --.Mary, wife of Frank Jean, 
of Los Angeles, California; Thomas ()., of 
Sullivan County, this State; Ann M., wife of 
George Riffgs, of Nebraska; Virginia, now 
Mrs. Robert McCormick, of .Missouri; El- 
dridge R., of Coatesville, Indiana; Robert, of 
Sullivan County; . Olivia, wife of George 
Warner, of the same county, and Oscar W. 
hi 1834 our subject came to Indiana with 
his parents, who settled in Sullivan County, 
and remained there until their decease. They 
were pioneers of that county. They had to 
cut their lumber with a whip-saw, and made 
their floors of puncheons. Their nearest 
town was Vincennes, twenty miles distant. 
The father was one of the first county officers, 
and served as overseer of the poor, and as 
township trustee several years. He died in 
1870, and his funeral was said to be the 
largest ever held in Sullivan County. He 
was a zealous member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church-, and contributed liberally 
to that church, being especially liberal to the 
poor people. He was a man of untiring en- 
ergy and determination. When he came to 
this State he had about nine dollars in money 
and a few household goods. At his death 
his estate was estimated at §20,000. In 
politics he was a Democrat. Oscar "\V. Ellis 
was reared to manhood in Sullivan County, 
and has been a life-long farmer. During tin; 



past twenty years he has devoted much at- j Mrs. Wilson was born in this county in 
tention to the dairy business, which has 1840. They have had four children, the first 
proved to be quite profitable. January 7, of which died an infant; the other three are 
1858, he was married to Sarah E. Buck, born 
May 9, 1831, in New Jersey, and a daughter 
of William and Pharzena Buck, the former 
a native of England, and the latter of Kew 
Jersey. Her parents emigrated to Vigo 
County, this State, in 133(7, thence to Greene 
County in a few years. Mr. and Mrs. Ellis 
are the parents of seven children, live living 
— Pharzina, wife of John Keller, or" Green- 
castle: llattie, William, Mary, at present 
attending DePauw University, and Edward. 
In 1861 our subject removed to this county, 
and has resided here ever since. He owns a 
line farm of eighty acres, and resides on sec- 
tion 31. Himself and wife are members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, of which he 
has served as Sunday-school superintendent, 

steward and class-leader, 
is a Democrat. 

still living. Delana 0. and Charley A., a 
teacher, are pursuing a course of study in the 
State Normal at Terre Haute. Gilbert, the 
youngest, is at home. Mr. Wilson is a Dem- 
ocrat in polities, and a county commissioner 
at this time, and has been township assessor 
one term. His early educational advantages 
were limited, but lie possesses 51 good fund of 
information and common sense, and is one ol' 
the influential men of the county. He had 
but little property to begin with, and had to 
rent land for seven or eight vears. He got 
his land by going in debt for it, and by rais- 
ing and selling cattle to pay for it. The 
farm he now owns has cost him $7,500. Mr. 
Wilson and his wife and three children are 

tembers of the Presbyterian 

a I 

In politics he I Groveland 

£|OHN WILSON, a farmer of Floyd 
Ml Township, resides on section U, where 
'-.\i he owns 16.1 acres of good land, in a 
high state of cultivation. He was born in 
that township January 23, 183S, a son of 
Abel and Julia A. Wilson. They were na- 
tives of Kentucky, the former of English and 
the latter of German ancestry. The mother's 
maiden name was Kolesapple. They came to 
this county in L832, and are still living in 
the same township in which they first settled. 
They had six children; live of them are still 
living. John was the fourth child. lie was 
reared on his father's farm. He was married 
in 1S00, in Floyd Township, to Miss Nancy 
I., daughter of John and Anna C. Lewis, 
who were natives of Kentucky. The father 
died in 1863; the mother is still living. 

p|LDEB OSCAR F. LANE, tanner, sec- 
pi tion 11, Monroe Township, was born in 
"Jp that township May 5. 18-18. His 
j father, lliggins Lane, now deceased, was a 
I native of Montgomery County, Kentucky, 
! and came to this county in 184-1, having 
' bought land here in 1S:57. He was reared 
t on a farm, and educated in what was then 
j the Northwestern Christian University, now 
I Butler University, graduating in June, 1871. 
j He preached in the Christian church seven- 
| teen years, when failing health compelled 
'■ him to abandon that work. He began his 
j ministerial labors when sixteen years of age. 
•j He preached in Indianapolis, La Porte, Green- 
: castle, Cloverdale, Gosport, Rainbridge, 
\ Portland Mills, Indiana, also in Shelbyville, 
j Illinois, lie owns 150 acres of land in this 
1 county, and a half interest in 160 acres in 


Pulaski Comity, lie was married Novem- 
ber 20, 1872, to Mary E. Wendling, daugh- 
ter of George J. Wendling, of Shelbyville, 
Illinois, and a bister of Hon. George R. 
Wendling, the lecturer. They have seven 
children— Anna L., Carrie M., Frank W., 
Edwin R.. Oscar B., Nellie and Lizzie II. 
During the late war Mr. Lane enlisted twice, 
and was each time rejected. 

^AXIEL'T. DARNALL, farmer, section 
j j J 2, Monroe Township, was born in that 
township, on the old homestead on sec- 
tion 5, December 16, 1844. His father, John- 
son I hirnall, was born in Montgomery County, 
Kentucky, and settled in this county in 1833, 
and died in Cambridge, January 9, 187(1 
Daniel T. was raised on a farm and educated 
in the common school and at Eainbridge 
Academy. From 1872 until 1877 he was 
engaged in the mercantile trade at Bain- 
bridge, and since that time he devoted his 
time to his farm, lie was married, Novem- 
ber 19, 1867, to Nancy F. Colliver, daughter 
of Samuel Colliver, of Monroe Township, and 

of their four children three are living Les- 

lie, Cora T. and Thomas. William died at 
the aire of live years. Mr. Damall is a mem- 
ber of the regular Baptist church. Mrs. j 
Hamuli was born in Clark County, Ken- ' 
tucky. ! 


||ILLIAM MoCRAY, tanner, residing j 
i ^'f on section 5, Washington Township, I 
ITTFrJ was born in Bourbon County, Ken- \ 
tacky. March 27, 1818, son of Samuel and j 
Rebecca McCray, natives of Kentucky, and 
of Scotch-Irish descent. They removed to j 
Putnam County in 1837, where they re- | 

; mained until their decease, the father dviner 
\ in 1861, aged eighty-eight years, and the 
! mother in 1S62. They reared nine children, 
i two of whom are living -Fleming, a resident 
; of Monroe Township, and our subject. The 
I latter was reared on a farm, and has always 
I followed farming until within the last two 
j years. He was married in this county in 
! 1834, to Nancy Wood, who was born in Vir- 
ginia March 2, 1821, and died January 25, 
j 1873. To this union were born eleven chil- 
; dren,thc following of whom are living -Henry 
! H.,Willis, Edward, Levi, Susan, wife of Frank- 
j lin Hall, Fleming, Charles, Laura, Harriet 
, E. Shields. Rebecca is deceased. In poli- 
j tics Mr. McCray is a Greenbaeker. Post- 
i office. Fern. 

•jffAMES E. QUINN, tanner, section 1, 
, \ Monroe Township, was born in Fleming 
-i County, Kentucky, February 9, 1820, 
son oi John Quinn, deceased, who removed 
to Union County, Indiana, when our subject 
was an infant. lie was reared on a farm, 
and educated in the old fashioned subscrip- 
tion school, taught in log cabins, with slab 
seats, boards on wooden pins for desks and 
puncheon floors. He came to this county in 
1846, settling upon his present farm, where 
he has since resided. There was a public 
barbecue on his farm on the 4th of July 
of that year, held in a grove near a lone 
sugar tree that still stands to mark the place. 
He was married September 19, 1844, to 
Miss Rachel Kellar, daughter of John Kel- 
lar, and to this union have been born three 
children, two of whom are living — Mary 
M. and Sarah B. John died at the age of 
twenty-three years. Mary married Frank 
McKee, now deceased, and their one living 
child is James L., who is attending college 

Bioau. i run 'a i, xket< '.iiks. 

a! Greencastlc; Sarah married Lewis Linber- ; tor. In 1874 .Mr. Langs.dale was appi 
ger, of Bainbridge, and lias had three chil- postmaster at Greencastlc by President 
drcn, two of whom arc living- Paul and Grant, and was reappointed hy Presidents 
Glenn. Mr. Quiun own- 400 acres of excel- Hayes and Arthur, getting a third term. In 
lent land, and devotes Ins attention to farm- 1878-'79 lie accompanied the negro exodus 
ing and stock-raising, lie never seeks from the South, and became widely known 
political distinction, lie is n member of j as " de boss of de emigrashun. v Upon the 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and in poli- ! election of President Cleveland Mr. Langs- 
tics is a Democrat. j dale resigned the office of postmaster, and 

wrote a strong letter to President Arthur in 

»^-**^*^»f*|-^~» ! vindication of the principle that the admin- 

| istration of the Government belong to the 
J^jiEORGE J. LANGSDALE is a most! victors. For four years he has been Presi- 
- i T" pronounced stalwart Republican. He dent id' the Monumental Association, De- 
■ : : , - was born in Indianapolis, November 25, partment of Indiana, Grand Army of the 
1837, and spent part of his youth in Ken- Republic, and he was one of the most active 
tuck}-. lie worked at the printers trade in in securing the appropriation of K200.000 
the office of the Indianapolis Sentinel, but I from the General Assembly in 1887 to build 
did. not continue in the business, owing to j a monument. He has since been chosen by 
ill health. In 1862 he assisted in recruiting j the State- officers one of the five commission- 
Company L, Third Indiana Cavalry, and ers to have charge of the erection of the 
was mustered in as First Lieutenant. His structure. While in the army Mr. Langs- 
first service was in pursuit of General John j dale returned to Indiana long enough to be 
Morgan, through the States of Kentucky. : united in the bonds of matrimony with Miss 
Indiana and Ohio, and he was present at Mary E. Roberts, of Indianapolis. Of eight 
Morgan's capture. At Buflington's Island, ! children born, tour are now living. 
while General Shackelford was making an : 

attack on Morgan's lines. Lieutenant Langs- j «^- 1+ |*-? M ^ w ^o. 

dale, with a squad of thirty men. captured 

Colonel Hawkins, of Tennessee, Major Dick I ?T^f=JiLLIAM II. GARDNER, an early 
Morgan, of Kentucky, and thirty men. Dur- j \\I\k settler of Madison Township, was 
ing his term of service he was a member b^.^rj born in this county. November 22, 
of three military commissions to try offend- : 1838, son ot' Samuel and Emily Gardner, the 
ers against military law. He served with former a native of Virginia :'.u] the latter of 
the Army of the Ohio and the Army of Kentucky. The parents were among the 
the Cumberland, doing much hard service in ; early pioneers of Putnam County, and they 
East Tennessee and Georgia, part of the had ten children, of whom seven are living- 
time being cut off from supplies; during John W., William II., Louisa E., wife of 
that time he commanded his company. He Richard Heady, ot Boone County, Indiana; 
assisted in editing the Sullivan Union <\uv- \ Monroe, a resident of Illinois: Lutetia A., 
ing the political campaign of 1866, and in ' wife of George McClintock; Josephine, wife 
1807 purchased the Greencastle Banner, of j of Wallace Ramsey, of Parke County. Indi- 
which he has since been editor and proprie- ana; Mary K.. wife of Charles Tony, of this 


county. Samuel Gardner has always been a 
bard-working and a public-spirited man. 
He served as comity commissioner several 
terms, and has been justice of the peace 
many years, lie sti'l resides in Madison 
Township. William IJ. has been reared in 
this comity, receiving a rudimentary educa- 
tion in the early schools, lie was married 
December 14, 1863, to Miss Sallie Smedley, 
daughter of Andrew J. and Eliza (Bradsliaw) 
Smedley. of this county. They have eight 
children, live of whom are living — Melvin, 
Reynolds, Alice L, Eliza E. and Sadie B. 
One daughter, Lelia, died April 3, 1887. 
Mr. Gardner own., 1:20 acres of good land, 
and is meeting with good success. Politi- 
cally he is a Democrat. Mrs. Gardner was a 
school-teacher previous to her marriage. Her 
father was born in Kentucky and her mother 
in Indiana. 

l||I0IIOLAS SC11ULTZ, farmer and 
y;L,/ stock-raiser, Jefferson Township, was 
"<^S born in Bremen, Germany, December 
1, 1831, a son of .Nicholas and Elizabeth 
Schnltz. In ls54 he immigrated to America. 
taking passage in a sailing vessel, and after 
a voyage of fifty-nine days lauded in Balti- 
more. After working a short time in Cin- 
cinnati and Indianapolis lie came to Putnam 
County and opened a shoe shop at Mount 
Meridian, having learned that trade when 
young, lie removed to his present residence 
on section 25 in 1^58, where he owns 160 
acres of good land in Ids homestead; also 
owns sixty acres in Cloverdale Township, lie 
was married April S, 1858, to Sophia Staley, 
who was born in Virginia in 1823, daughter 
of Abratn and Elizabeth Staley, who came to 
Putnam County in 1825, locating on section 
25, Jefferson Township, where they lived un- 

I til their decease. The country was then a 
i wilderness and Indians were plenty. They 
| endured all the privations incident to the 
! pioneer. Of six children, Mrs. Schultz is 
the only one living. Her father was a hard- 
working man, and respected by all who knew 
him. l)i politics he was a Whig. Mr. 
| Schultz received bat a common education 
; in his younger days. He has been snecess- 
\ fill in life, ami is a worthy citizen. Politi- 
i cally he afiiliates with the Republican party. 

UCIIIBALI.) COLLINGS, farmer, sec- 
k\> tion 2, Monroe Township, was born in 
~" ; ~ Shelby County, Kentucky, May 29, 
! 1819. 11 is father, Abraham Codings, now 
! deceased, was a native of the same State; 
i his mother, Nancy (Xutgrass) Codings, was 
j a daughter of ('ray Nutgrass, who was a 
| soldier in the Revolutionary war. The father 
; died when Archibald was eight years of age, 
i and in l>ol he came with his mother to this 
j county, where he lias lived most of the time 
ever since. His mother died in Parke 
: County, this State December 3i. 1886, in 
i the ninetieth year of her age. Our subject 
I was thrown upon his resources at the age oi 
; eighteen years. His education was some- 
j what limited, having attended the subscrip- 
tion schools in the old log cabin, with huge 
I fireplace in one end of the room, a mud-and- 
stick chimney, puncheon floor, clapboard 
j roof, slab seats without backs, boards on 
\ wooden pins for desks, and one log left out 
: for light, with a greased paper occasionally 
j inserted in the aperture. Mr. Codings has 
I done much hard work in clearing land, burn- 
i ing logs and brush day and night. He was 
; married September 1, 1841, to Miss Sarah 
j McClain, daughter of .John McClain, de- 
i ceased, who was an early settler of Parke 



County. Of their six children three are liv- I 
ing -Emeline, Nancy and Eliza. Emeline '< 
married Howard F razee, of Hamilton Conn- ! 
ty, and lias one son, William: Nancy mar- 
ried James (iagland, of Bainbrklge, and 
Eliza married John Ragland, and has two 
children — Clara and Laura. Mr. Collings 
owns 258 acres of land, and makes a specialty 
of raising Jersey cattle, hogs and horses. 
Mrs. Collings died January 13, 1874, and 
,\nnc 3, 1879, Mr. Collings married Elenora 
Gaines. They have three children -Joseph j 
S., Edna -and Lena, lie has held the office of I 
assessor, and was elected justice of the peace 
hut declined to serve. 

f AMES A. HOPE- of Marion Township, 
is an old settler and representative 
:. farmer of Putnam County, and was horn 
in Shelby County, Kentucky, October 22, 
l'SoA. His father. Isaac Hope, was horn in 
Maryland, and his mother, Susan (Ellis) 
Hope, was burn in Kentucky. The Hope 
family came from Scotland to America 
about 200 years ago, settling in Maryland. 
Tradition says that they participated in the 
battle of the Boyne in Ireland. Isaac Hope 
came with his family from Kentucky to this 
county in 1835, settling on the farm on sec- 
tion 12, Marion Township, that is now occu- 
pied by our subject. The country was then 
a dense wilderness. lie first erected a log 
cabin, and began in a rude way to make a 
home. At the same time he carried on a 
blacksmith's shop, having learned the black- 
smith's trade, and his was one of the first shops 
in the township, lie was the father of three 
children, our subject being the only one that 
survives. He died in 1S66, honored and es- 
teemed by ali who knew him. When he first 
came to Putnam County he found it ex- 

tremely difficult to furnish his family with 
the necessaries of life: but with maturer 
years prosperity came, and when he died 
he left a good property. James A. Hope, 
the subject of this sketch, has been reared to 
manhood in this county, and received a rudi- 
mentary education in the early schools of his 
time. He was married August 11, 1863, to 
Miss Elizabeth Newman, daughter of Will- 
iam ami Rachel Newman, of Fillmore, Put- 
nam County. To this union have been born 
three children -Charles P., born September 
13, 1867; Ohio, born February 11, 1871, and 
Daniel K., born September (3, 1879. Mr. 
Hope owns 240 acres of good land, and has 
been very successful as a farmer, having been 
a life Jong resident of Putnam County. Po- 
litically he affiliates with the Democratic 
party. Both are respected members of 



. the firm of Goukiing oc Ireland, 
iNjjjlM proprietors of the planing mill and 
door, sash and blind factory, at Greencastle, 
was born at Grafton, Massachusetts, April 7, 
1830. His father, William (building, was 
aiso born at Grafton, and of English parent- 
age. Hy avocation he was a tanner and cur- 
rier, lie died in New York City in L837, 
at the age of thirty-six years. His mother, 
Adah (Jewelti Goulding, was born and 
reared in Pepperell, Massachusetts. She was 
twice married, her second husband being 
James Poutelle. who is now deceased. She 
died near Worcester, in 1885, aged over sev- 
enty years. She was a member of the Con- 
gregational church. William was taken by 
his parents to New York City when three 
years of age, and when he was seven years of 
aire his father died. After that he lived with 


relatives until lie was seventeen years old, | A., and Emily A. Like all pioneer.-, they 
when 1m.' began to learn the carpenter's trade | endured many hardships and privations. Mr. 
at Leominster, Massachusetts, serving an ap- ' Shields owns 220 acres of excellent land, and 
prentiecship of three years, lie worked at j resides on section 1. Politically he is a Deino- 
lns trade at that place until 1850, then came j crat. Both arc highly respected member.- of 
to Greencastle, where, after working at jour- j society. 

ney work one year, lie engaged in contracting j _^ ©^ t ^ ^ 

and building. In 1857 he built a planing j 
mill, and became associated with John Ire- ; 

land under the firm name of Colliding ifc I ^vENRY SHIELDS, of Marion Township, 
Ireland. Politically Mr. Gonkling is a lie- j j^'j one of the oldest living settlers of his 
publican. In 1*51 he war, married at Green- | ~A ; locality, was bom in .Jefferson County, 

Tennessee, February 23, 1S02, son of Will- 
iam and Amies Shields, natives of Virginia, 

'astle to Miss Charlotte A. Day, of Sa 

tieir children arc 

Myra A.. Ad- 

die, wife of Dr. E. P. Evans, of Greencastle, and of Irish ancestry, lie was reared to 
and Lizzie 11. i manhood on a farm, and received a rudimen- 

' tary education in the early subscription 

— . i . t |...->-»;-*-|+^«*— • j schools. 11 is father helped to combat the 

I Indians during the first settlement of Ten- 
^5jFACO.r» SHIELDS, a pioneer of .Marion | riessee. He was married in Tennessee, Octo- 
i-\ Township, was born in Jefferson County, ber 1.2, 1.820, to Miss Jane K. Dick, daughter 
^•Tennessee, October 22, 1827, son of . of Henry and Ellen Dick, natives of Yir- 
Henry and .lane K. Shields, the latter being ginia, who settled in Tennessee. To this 
deceased. In 1*30. when he was three years I union nine children were born, of whom six 
of age, he removed to this county with his | are living- -Jacob, Ellen IL, wife of the late 
parents, and has been a resident here ever Harrison El rod, of Hendricks County, Indi- 
since. His educational advantages were neces- I ana; John IL Shields, Mary A., wife of John 
sarily limited, having attended school princi- j A. Phillips, of Hendricks County; Louisa 
pally during the winter season, at odd spells. : J., widow of Jacob W. Phillips, late of this 
He was married January 5, 1854, to Mary | county, and Elvira, wife of Joseph W. Elrod, 
M. Elrod, daughter of Joseph and Catherine ! also of this county. Toe deceased are - 
Elrod, early settlers of Hendricks County, | William, Prior L. and James 11. Joseph W. 
this State. To this union were born two I Elrod was born in Wayne County, Indian;!, 
children— Lydia E., wife of Spencer W. Hun- October 10, 1835. a son of Joseph and 
ter, and Orlando II. Mrs. Shields died June I Catherine Elrod. When a boy his parents 
14, 1863, and October 19, 1865, Mr. Shields j removed to Hendricks County, Indiana, 
married Emily A. Cox. whose first husband I where lie was reared to manhood. He was 
was Jefferson Cox, of Putnam County. Her I married May 29, 1864, to Elvira A. Shields. 
parents, William n\u\ Ann MeCarty, were | and their three children are — Walter J)., Os- 
early settlers of Putnam County, and among j car O. and Ella. Mr. Elrod at present re- 
the first settlers of Warren Township. They sides on the farm of Mr. Shields. In the 
were the' parents of eleven children, of whom j fall of 1830 our subject immigrated to this 
five are living- Abo], Sallie, Julia A., Mary \ county with his family, and for the first 

W 00 11 A Pill A L SKETCHES. 


seven years lived two miles south of Green- 
castle. Early in the year 1838 lie located in 
the woods on section 12, Marion Township, 
having entered forty acres of land from the 
Government. He subsequently entered and 
purchased more, until at one time lie owned 
200 acres of land. At present he owns 160 
acres of good laud that is well cultivated. 
His first house was made of hewed logs, and 
after getting well settled in it he commenced 
to clear and improve his land in true pioneer 
style. His first crop was a small patch of 
corn. Each year he cleared a few acres more, 
until out of an unbroken wilderness ho had 
produced a splendid farm, and now, in his 
declining years, he is reaping the fruits of a 
well spent life. He is a member of the Pres- 
byterian church, and for some time officiated 
as an elder of that church. Politically he is 
a Democrat. His wife died -June 30, 1884, 
having shared his ioys and sorrows nearly 

S3 J •> 

sixty years. lie is now in his eighty-sixth 
year, and resides upon the farm where he 
tirst settled in Marion Township. 

G> ' 

£fACOB CROSBY, retired farmer, resides 
on section 17. Jackson Township, whore 
he owns 200 acres of well cultivated land, 
lie was boni in Mason County, Kentucky, 
June 8, 1800, a son of William and Cathe- 
rine Crosby, of English-< icrman ancestry. J ie 
came to this county in LS34, locating upon his 
present farm two years later. Me was married 
in Kentucky in 1831, to Eleanor Osborn, born 
in that State in 1805. Six of their eight chil- 
dren are living— William, Elasha, Anderson 
( r., of Jackson Township, Samuel lv.,( !athcrinc 
wife of John ttadford, Mary, wife of John 
Wright, has three children Eva, Lillie Laud 
Mirble. Mr. Crosby has served as trustee of 

his township and has held other local offices. 
In politics he is a Democrat. 

^WMJSTIN BOND, an early settler of Put- 
jjWfo nam County, and now a resident of 
*sp? Washington Township, was born in 
Franklin County, Virginia, July 21, 1813, son 
of Robert and Ann (Starkey) Pond, the 
former of Irish descent and the latter of 
Scotch. Both were bom in Virginia. His 
father moved to Kentucky in 1810, and died 
in that State in 1828, and our subject, 
with his widowed mother and eight children, 
removed to Lawrence County, this State, in 
1829, where the mother died in 1832. The par- 
ents had twelve children, of whom three are liv- 
in<r — Robert, J ane and Austin. The latter was 
the chief dependence of the family until the 
younger children were reared. \lv has al- 
ways been engaged in farming. lie was 
married February 3, 1851, to Sarah Girton, 
born August 19, 1832, in Brown County, 
Ohio, and a daughter of Stephen and Mar- 
garet (VanZandt) Girton, the former a native 
of Pennsylvania, and now deceased, the latter 
a native of Ohio. Her parents came to Clay 
County, Indiana, in 1830, where the father 
died in February, 1864. To this union have 
been born eleven children, eight of whom are 
living— Austin P., of Kansas, Stephen G., 
George W., William A., Fletcher, Warren lv, 
Timothy C. and Alma. The deceased are—- 
Louisa. Martha and one that died in infancy. 
Mr. Bond was first married in 1835, to Miss 
Ann Wilson, and two of their eight children 
are living -John and David. His wife died 
in March, 1851. In the fall of 1^37 he re- 
moved to Putnam County, locating in Wash- 
ington Township where he 'has since resided. 
Both are members of the Christian church. 


Mr. Bond owns 2S0 acres of land, in a good 
state of cultivation, lie is a liberal con- 
tributor to both church and State, and in 
favor of everything that will benefit the com- 
munity. Both are industrious and intelligent 
and are enjoying the fruits of a well spent 
life. Mr. Bond has served as deacon of the 
church for nearly half a century, He is a 
man of sterling integrity and is conceded to 
be one of the most successful business man 
in the township. 

{ wife are members of the Disciple church. 
i His early educational advantages were limited, 
i and he suffered all the hardships and priva- 
i tious incident to pioneer life. lie is widely 
• and favorably known, and is one of the solid 
I men of the county. 

BEL WILSON, retired farmer, resides j 
•■'( \; on section 15, Floyd Township, where j 
■h-v— he owns 140 acres of land. He was | 
born in Shelby County, Kentucky, March 29, j 
1814, son of Alexander and Sarah (Lucas) j 
Wilson, natives of Kentucky and of Irish- 
German ancestry. His father was a soldier ' 
in the war of 1812, under General Harrison, j 
Their seven children all grew to maturity, 
Abel being the. oldest. lie was reared on a 
farm and has always been a farmer. He was 
married in Washington County, this State, in 
1830, to Miss Julia Ilolesapple, daughter of 
George M. and Phebe (II nbbard) Ilolesapple, 
natives of Virginia and of German ancestry. 
Mrs. Wilson was born in Washington County, 
Indiana, in 18x3. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson 
have had six children, I've of whom arc 
living— Alexander, of Jasper County, Illinois; 
George W., of Danville, Illinois; William, a 


resident of Vermillion County, Illinois; John 
and Lucy A. resides in Floyd Township, and 
Sarah J., deeeased. Mr. Wilson came to 
this county in 1832, settling in Floyd Town- 
ship, where he has lived ever since with the 
exception of six months. lie had nothing to 
commence with and started by renting land 
and taking jobs of work. He is a Democrat 
'n politics. Religiously both himself and 

|mLEXAXDER GORHAM, a representa- 
lili ** ve pi° neer °f Putnam County, and a 
^JP 8 resident of Marion Township, was born 
in Bourbon County, Kentucky, November 
14, 1813, son of Alexander and Sarah (Tyler) 
Gorham, natives of Virginia. The Gorham 
family originally came from Ireland and 
settled in Virginia. II is parents were quite 
young when they removed to Kentucky. 
His mother was for some time obliged to take 
refuge with her parents in a fort, as a pro- 
tection from the Indians. It was unsafe to 
even go as far as the gate of the fort to obtain 
water. The father of our subject removed 
with his family to this county in 1829. He 
entered considerable land from the Govern- 
ment in Marion Township, settling on section 
5, where he had 240 acres of timber land, 
for which he paid $1,500. He lived there 
until his decease, which occurred in 1S37. 
His wife survived until 1863, and died in her 
ninety-third year. There were about twenty 
acres of clearing on his farm when he first 
settled upon it. The previous owner, Judge 
Smith, had set out a large number of peach 
trees and apple trees, which bore fruit the 
first season he was here. He had some means 
when he came, so that his family did not 
suiter the hardships of most of the pioneers. 
lie removed his family, which consisted of 
wife and eleven children, with a six-horse 
team and one live-horse team. He also had 
two saddle horses. He and his wife rode the 
saddle horses. The six-horse team belonged 


to his son William, and he returned back to ! elder. The parents of Mrs. Gorham were 
Kentucky with his team after leaving the natives of Virginia and removed to Kentucky 
family here. lie brought some household ! when young. They were amono- the first 
goods and some farming implements, and settlers of Marion Township. Of their twelve 
before leaving Kentucky he bought a good ! children, only four are living — Thomas, Eliza- 
stock of cotton, which was very useful to the ( beth, Eliza and Mary. The mother died in 
pioneer. He had been twice married, and was 1S31 and the father in 1SC4. They were 
the father of thirteen children, of whom six vevy worthy people and greatly respected by 
survive — Lutitia, widow of John S. Allen, I all who knew them, 
late of Grecncastle; Priseilla, wife of Timothy ' 

.Mark, of Monroe County; Mary, who became j ^.,+ u^m ;-.-<--»* 

the wife of Henry Sanders, of this comity; : 

Beersheba, widow of Caleb Reeves, late of; ^OX. EDWIN T. LAKE, farmer, section 
Greencastle, and Susan, who married Samuel ; yfljf 10, Monroe Township, was born on sce- 
Flynn, of Fayette County, this State. Alex- I ~~~--( tion li of that township, February 7, 
ander Gorham, the subject of this sketch, has i 1851. His father, Hon. Higgins Lane, de- 
always been a fanner. He received a nidi- ; ceased, came to this county from Montgom- 
mentary education in the early subscription cry County. Kentucky, in 1844. lie was a 
schools of his time, and this was all. lie was j very -prominent man, having served live 
married February 13, 1834, to Eliza (.-. i terms in the Indiana State Legislature. Ed- 
Jackson, born .Tunc 13, L812, in Harrison win T. was reared a fanner, and his early 
County, Kentucky, and a daughter of Thomas education was obtained in the common 
and Nancy Jackson. In 1829 she came to | schools, and he was prepared for college by a 
this county with her parents, who settled in private tutor, graduating at the Northwestern 
Marion Township, remaining there until their Christian University, now Butler, at Irving- 
decease. Mr. and Mrs. Gorham have had ton, June 15, 1871. His health became im- 
four children, three of whom are living— : paired, and for one year he was unable to do 
Mary E., wife of Isaac M. Day. of this ! anything. February 10, 1872, he was nom- 
eounty ; JohnW. and Campbell A. « also of this j inated by the Republican party for the State 
county. Sarah C. is deceased. Mr. Gorham ; Legislature, and was defeated, and in 1870 
owns 148 acres of well developed land, and he was nominated on joint ticket for Put- 
has been quite successful as a farmer. lie nam and Hendricks counties, and was elected 
operated the second circular saw-mill— a by a large majority, receiving 130 more votes 
portable mill run by steam-power— in the in Hendricks County than did Hen Harrison, 
county. In politics Mr. Gorham is a Demo- candidate for Governor. Before the close of 
erat and cast his first presidential vote for his term he had an attack of bleeding at the 
Andrew Jackson. He has never accepted ofri- lungs, and he was obliged to leave his labors, 
cial positions, though frequently solicited to but not before he had succeeded in getting 
do so. lie is a public-spirited man and al- several measures before the Lower House. Mc 
ways contributes to anything that will benefit served one session as chairman of committee 
the community, lie has been a member of j on Benevolent Institutions, also on enrolled 
the Christian church since 1838; has served lulls and House Journal. lie pushed the 
as deacon, and for many years officiated as Libel Hill through, which made libel a crim- 


had act, especially the blackening the char- 
acter of women. He stood high in college, 
and was elected to deliver the Master's ora- 
tion tlirck years after graduating, although 
the degree of honors had been previously 
abandoned by the college. lie taught school 
ten years, and had charge of the Bainbridge 
schools seven sessions. He taught at 
Brownsburg, Hendricks County, and New 
Maysville, this county. J Jo settled upon his 
present farm in 1882, where he owns 24-0 
acres of excellent land, and gives consider- 
able attention to graded stock, lie was mar- 
ried December 25, 1876, to Miss Jessie F. 
Darnall, daughter of the late Dr. Milton D. 
Darnall, Surgeon in the Forty-third Indiana 
Infantry, who lost his life in the service. Me 
was an early settler in this county. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lane have two children--- Henry II. and 
Mary E.; the former was born February 17, 
1878, and the latter December 80, 1879. 

HILFOKD B. RUDISILL, familiarly 

V I \j V known as "Cap. Rudisill," deputy 
*^:.;jo"-^ clerk of the Putnam Circuit Court, 
was born at Greencastle June 13, 1832. He 
graduated at Asbnry University with the 
class of '52, and during the winter of 1853- 
'54 was principal of the Greencastle High 
School, studying law in the meantime. He 
was admitted to the bar at Greencastle in 
1855, and during the same year was depu- 
tized as clerk of the Putnam Circuit Court, 
by Jacob Maginnis, and served as such under 
l<is successors, Melvin McKee and Henry C. 
Priest, until 1872, when the latter died, and 
Mr. Rudisill was appointed to till the vacancy. 
In the fall of 1874 lie was deputized by Clerk 
Moses I). Bridges, and afterward by his suc- 
cessor, John ~\V. Lee, serving in the same 
ofh'ce over thirty years. Between the ages 

of thirteen and sixteen he was deputy record- 
er under his father. In politics he is a 
Democrat. May 7, 1803, he was married 
at Greencastle to Miss Mary E. Eads, daugh- 
ter of John and Cynthia G. (Adams) Eads, 
of Garrard County, Kentucky, who died at 
Greencastle in 1871, leaving one daughter — 
Callie. She was a member of the Christian 
church. Mr. Rudisill's father, David Riali- 
sill, was a native of North Carolina, and of 
" Pennsylvania Dutch " ancestry, lie came 
to Putnam County in 1827, locating at 
Greencastle. He was a carpenter by trade, 
and in politics a Democrat. He served two 
terms, two years each, as sheriff and tax col- 
j lector of Putnam County, as county record- 
er eight years, deputy sheriff fifteen years, 
and justice of the peace several years. He 
had two sons besides Milford P>., who 
served as county officers, both as principals 
and deputies. lie died at Greencastle Feb- 
ruary ~ ( J, 1884, in the seventy-seventh year 
of his age. The mother, Barbara (Carpenter) 
Rudisill, was also born in North Carolina 
and of German-Irish ancestry. She came to 
Putnam County, with her husband and fam- 
I ily, in 1827, and died at Greencastle in 18(55, 
1 aged nearly seventy years. They were the 
! parents of live children, three sons and two 
j daughters. 

,f^E<>KGE T. ALLEN, tanner, section U, 
M>fj? Moii roe Township, was born in Mont- 
^n gomery County, Kentucky, March 10, 
1841, son of James Allen, a native of the 
same county. His uncle. John Allen, was a 
soldier in the war of 1812. He came to this 
county in the fall of 1851, settling upon the 
farm he now occupies. His early life was 
spent, on a farm, and he was educated at the 
Bainbridge Academy. He spent some years 



in clerking in stores in Bainbridge and other 
places. Jle was married Marcli 13, 1867, to 
Miss Mary Jane Lingenfelter, daughter of 
Valentine Lingentelter, of Hamilton County, 
Indiana, who was a native of Clark County, 
Kentucky. They have three children — Hub- 
bard L., Prndie S. and Walter G. lie owns 
210 acres of land, and devotes his attention 
to farming and stock-raising. Mrs. Allen 
died November 20, 1885, a worthy and con- 
sistent member of the Presbyterian church. 

HIOMASBAYNE, proprietor of Bayne's 
t? steam saw-mill, at Greencastle, was 
^p born on a farm near Easton, Pennsyl- 
vania, May 17, 18-40. When fifteen years of 
age he came to Indiana with his parents, 
wiio located in Tippecanoe County. During 
the following year lie came to this county 
and was employed in a flouring-mill at Pain- j 
bridge, and he also attended Painbridge j 
Academy during his residence there. In 
1SG5 he purchased a saw-mill at Painbridge 
and engaged in the manufacture of lumber, 
continuing there until 1878, when he sold 
out and came to Greencastle, and manufac- 
tured lumber there also. In 1880 he built 
his present steam saw-mill. In politics he 
is a Republican, and in 1879 he was elected 
to the city council of Greencastle, being re- 
elected in 1884. July 15, L863, he was 
married in Carroll County, this State, to 
Miss Sarah E. Uanna, daughter of Joseph 
and Hannah (Aldridge) Banna. She was 
burn in Putnam County, and educated at I 
Bainbridsfe Academy. Mr. and Mrs. Payne ! 
have had four children — Edna E., born July j 
15, 1865; Olive S., horn October 31, 18G7; j 
Thomas Dwight, born March 10, 1878, and 
one that died in infancy. Miss Edna was a 
studentat 1 >e Panw University until recently, 

when she had to abandon her studies owing 
to weak eyes. Olive is attending the De 
Pauw University in the class of 1890, and 
Dwight is attending the Greencastle public 
school. The parents are members of the 
College Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church, 
of which he has been a steward for several 
years. Mr. Payne has been very successful 
in a business point of view. In 1875 he 
erected the Payne block in Greencastle, and 
in 1878 built a substantial brick residence, 
one of the very best in the city. His father, 
James Bayne, was a native of New Jersey, 
and of English ancestry. He came to Indi- 
ana in 1855, locating in Dayton, where he 
died in 1885, aged eighty-seven years, lie 
was a farmer by occupation. The mother, 
Lydia Payne, nee Basel, was a native of 
Pennsylvania and of German ancestry. She 
died at Dayton in 1857. aged fifty-nine 
years. She was a member of the Dutch lie- 
form church. The parents had eight chil- 
dren, four of whom are living Sarah, wife 
of Robert Leinberger, of Mulberry, this 
State; John, a resident of Danville, Indiana; 
Tilman, also of Mulberry, and Thomas. 

SA AC BURNETT, of the firm of Lucas & 
Burnett, proprietors of the Raccoon saw- 
^s- mill, and manufrotnrers of wire picket 
fence, was born in Hendricks County, this 
State, October 10, 1855. His father, Isaac 
Burnett, now deceased, was a native of Ken- 
tucky, and came to Indiana in early life. Our 
subject was reared in a mill, and has done 
little else than mill work all his life, begin- 
ning with wheeling sawdust. He was head 
sawyer for several years. He went to Scott 
County, Tennessee, in 1881, where he oper- 
ated as head sawer nearly two years, then re- 
turned to Raccoon in February, 1883. They 


have an extensive trade, making- a specialty 
of saw i Mir bridge and railroad timber. April 
29, 1879, he was married to Miss Alice G. 
Taylor, daughter of Aimer Taylor, of Hen- 
dricks Comity, and their two children are- 
Edna \V. and Hera J. 

AVID W. HAINES, farmer and stock- 
j|[J raiser, Jefferson Township, was horn in 
this county August 15, 1841, a son of 
Wesley and Adaline Haines. His father 
came to Indiana with his parents when a boy, 
where he was reared to manhood. He mar- 
ried Edaline Scott, and they had seven chil- 
dren, of whom six are living — James M., 
Harvey, William, Mary, wife of Tabor Hurst; 
Lorinda, wife of George Lewis, and Emily, 
deceased. In 1850 he united with the Mis- 
sionary Baptist church and remained a mem- 
ber until his death, January 1, 1883. iJe 
was born in Mercer County, Kentucky, Oc- 
tober 11, 1814, and removed to Putnam 
County in 1821. He was one of the first 
settlers of Washington Township, and was 
known and respected by all. .He followed 
fanning, and took an active interest in the 
development of the county. He located upon 
the farm now owned by Samuel It. Alice, 
where he resided a short time. At one time 
he served as trustee of Jefferson Township, 
giving good satisfaction to his constituents. 
Politically he was a Democrat. David W. 
passed his early life on a farm, and was edu- 
cated in the common schools of the county. 
February 2, 1871, he was married to Miss Ra- 
chel Broadstreet, daughter of James and Mel- 
vina Broadstreet, early settlers of that locality. 
The father is deceased. He was born De- 
cember 8, 1815, and died October 25, 1881. 
Her mother was burn June 20, 1817, and is 
living. They reared a large family of chil- 

dren, of whom seven survive — Qninton, 
; Thomas, John O, Rachel, Sarah A., wife of 
I Henderson Lane; Nancy, wife of John 
Stringer, and Mary E. Her parents were 
| members of the Missionary Baptist church, 
I and were very worthy people. Mr. Haines 
| settled on his present farm soon after his 
i marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Haines are rearing 
j a boy, Charles Turner, who has been with 
| them since he was four years of age. Mr. 
I Haines owns 200 acres of good laud, and is a 
j successful farmer. Politically he is a Demo- 

| jj3|ANIEL EPPERSON, farmer, resides 
I 1 :))' on section 16, Jackson Township, where 
•k/ he owns eighty acres of land. He was 
{ born in Shelby County, Kentucky, October 
| 28, 1816, son of Francis and Tabitha (Bed- 
j ding) Epperson, also natives of Kentucky, 
i and of Scotch descent. They came to Put- 
nam County in 1825, where they remained 
until their decease, the lather dying about 
1874 and the mother in 1868. They reared 
eight children, four sons and four daughters, 
three of whom arc living. Daniel was reared 
to the occupation of a farmer, and lias al- 
ways followed that occupation. He was 
married in this county, in 1811*, to Rebecca 
Sanders, daughter of Thomas and Sally (Mor- 
ton) Sanders, natives of Kentucky, where she 
i was born in 1813. They had seven children. 
five of whom arc living - Francis married Sa- 
rah Perkins and has seven children — Frances, 
Louisa. E., Charlie, Harvey E., Oren P., 
George "W". and Clarence; John IT., of Roach- 
dale, married Margaret Payton, and they have 
two children — Alonzo and LillieM.; Matilda 
J. married George Dean and has one child- 
John; Martha A. married George W. Hen- 
j d ricks and has three children — William, 



Daniel and Sarah F. ; Mary E. married 
Lewis Hendricks and has four children — 
Cora B., Frank, Harvey and Cordelia M. 
Mr. and Mrs. Epperson and their family are 
members of the Christian church, and in poli- 
tics he is a Democrat. 

-^V^»f*^***' — 

ROBERT ROLLINGS, farmer and stock- 
i£ raiser, resides on section 8, Washing- 
*^\ ton Township, where he owns 118 acres 
of land in a good state of cultivation. He 
was born in Putnam County November 13, 
1821, son of Jesse and Nancy (Cunningham) 
Rollings. His father was bom at Harper's 
Ferry, Virginia, and removed to Kentucky 
at an early age. He remained there a few 
years, then came to Putnam County in 1819, 
raised a crop one year in Washington Town- 
ship, then returned to Kentucky for his 
family. In 1821 the family came, and lo- 
cated in this county, where the father remained 
until his decease, which occurred in 1802, at 
the age of seventy-three years. The mother 
died in 1867, aged sixty-nine years. They 
were married in Bourbon County, Kentucky, 
and reared six children, three of whom are 
living- -John C, of this county; James F., 
of Kansas, and our subject. They moved 
here with an ox team, and were among the 
lirst settlers of the county. The father held 
the office of justice of the peace several 
years. Our subject was reared a farmer, and 
has always followed that occupation, lie 
was married in this county, in lM-l, to 
Phela A. Rissler, daughter of William and 
Susan (Boone) Rissler, who was born in 
Washington Township in 1^27. Her parents 
were pioneers of the county. Five of their 
nine children are living — John M., of Illi- 
riiram, of this countv: Harriet O, 


wife of Robert Hot 


Perry, of Put- 

! nam County, and Mary M., wife of David 

' Stolcop. The deceased are— Daniel S., Will- 

i iam F., George and Fillmore. Mr. Rollings 

! has held the office of assessor several years. 

j Both are members of the Baptist church, and 

in politics Mr. Rollings is a Republican. He 

has lost considerable property from various 


1-rpiLSON W. YEATES, farmer and 

i '% \/.\|| stock-raiser, section 4, Monroe Town- 
I r s |j^S ship, was born in Lincoln County, 
! Tennessee, January 15, 1811. His father, 
• Elijah Yeates, deceased, was born in Loudoun 
I Comity, Virginia, son of Joshua Yeates, also 
1 a native of Loudoun County, born in 1741, 
! who came to Kentucky when Elijah was a 
i boy of eight years. Wilson's mother, for- 
j merly Polly Woodruff, was a daughter of 
I Jesse Woodruff, who was a native of Vir- 
j ginia, and served seven years in the Revolu- 
; tionary war. She was of Irish ancestry. 
j Polly Woodruff's mother was Esther Bu- 
chanan, of Irish descent. Wilson's uncles, 
I Enoch Yeates and William Woodruff, were 
soldiers in the war of 1812. lie was reared 
a. farmer in his native county- and received a 
limited education in the log cabin subscrip- 
tion schools of the early day. Those cabins 
were small, the seats were made of split logs, 
: without backs, slabs on the wall were used 
for desks, greased paper was used for win- 
dows, and the roofs were made of clapboards. 
The doors were also made with clapboards 
and had wooden hinges. The house was 
ornamented with plenty of ox-gads, which 
were used for spice. Our subject removed 
to Montgomery County, Kentucky, in 1832, 
where he was married., October 3, 1>S33, to 
Miss Dulcena Badger, daughter of David and 
Elizabeth (Miller) Badger, who was born in 



Montgomery County, December 9, 1816. 
Her father was born in Pennsylvania and her 
mother in Culpeper County, Virginia. Her 
grandfather, Joshua Badger, was a soldier in 
the Revolutionary war. Her uncle, George 
Miller, served in the war of 1812. Mr. and 
Mrs. Yeates have had fifteen children, eleven 
of whom are living -Amanda F., Emily R., 
Mary E., Carrie S., dames M., Henry C, 
Thomas J., William W., David E., Jennie 
N. and B. Franklin. James, Henry, Thomas 
and William were soldiers in the war of the 
Rebellion. All are married except Henry 
and Jennie. Mr. Yeates has twenty grand- 
children and one great-grandchild. He came 
to tin's county in 1881. settling where he now 
lives, and where he owns 318 acres of land. 
He lifisi never sought official honors. lie is 
a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
church, and his wife of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. Politically he was formerly a 
Whig, and a great admirer of Henry Clay, 
hut he is now a staunch Republican. He 
lias dealt in mules mure than forty years. 

THOMAS JACKSON, of Marion Town- 
ship, t\\a oldest living pioneer of Put- 
nam County, was born in Bourbon 
County, Kentucky, May 28, 1798, son of 
Thomas and Nancy Jackson. His maternal 
ancestors came from Ireland before the Rev- 
olutionary war. His mothers father, dames 
little, with several others, served in the 
American army during that war. His 
father served under General Wayne in his 
campaign against the Indians, and subsequent 
to the war settled in Uourbon County, Ken- 
tucky, where he married and reared a family 
of twelve children. Four of these children 
are living Thomas, Elizabeth, Fli/a and 
Mary. Thomas Jackson, the subject of this 

j sketch, was reared to manhood in Kentucky, 

l and has always been a farmer. In the spring 

of 1821 he came to this county, and soon 

after entered eighty acres of land from the 

Government, in Greencastle Township, where 

he lived about three years. He subsequently 

entei d a quarter-section of land in Marion 

Township, and has since resided in that, 

township, with the exception of a few years 

spent in Greencastle Township. He invested 

all his money in land, and depended upon 

his daily labor for a living. His first crop 

of corn consisted of about ten acres. He 

split many thousands of rails for 25 cents 

[ per 100. He has assisted at many log-roll- 

I ings and helped to build many log cabins. 

He has seen more of pioneer life than usually 

j fails to the lot of the new-comer, and suffered 

I hardships and privations. He was married 

j in July, 1822, to Miss Sarah Woods, daugh- 

; ter of Bartholomew ami Sarah Woods, the 

! former a soldier in the Revolutionary war. 

i Mr. and Mrs. Jackson have had three chil- 

mlv one surviving -Thomas. lie has 

been a hard working man all his life, and 

now, in his ninetieth year, is still inclined 

to vigorous exercise, doing considerable work. 

I In politics lie has always been a Democrat, 

| and cast his first presidential vote for Gen- 

I era! Andrew Jackson. He is familiarly called 

i " Uncle Tommy,''' and is widely and favora- 

bly known. He has twelve grandchildren 

! and twelve great-grandchildren, all living. 

\ Andrew Jackson, a son of the preceding, was 

| born in this comity April 12, 1823, and has 

J always been a resident here. He owns 320 

I acres of well-cultivated and well-improved 

! land. lie was married February Id, 1848, 

to Miss Harriet Browning, horn June 27, 

1830, in Mason County, Kentucky, and 

daughter of John, and Bulah Browning, who 

came to Putnam County about L830. The 

parents were pioneers of Greencastle Town- 

JU 00 11 A Pill C A L 8 KETCHES. 

ship, and lived there until their decease. To \ by the Confederate forces, under (-funeral 
this union have been born twelve children — 'Johnson, and in the same engagement he 
Thomas, John; Mary E., wife of James L. j received two gunshot wounds- one in the 
Browning, of Greencastle; Bertha T.. who ! breast and the other in the groin. Being- 

married Alonzo I 'ay, ot Putnam County; 
Andrew, Marion M., Artemas, Hercules; 
Flora A., wife of Daniel S. Bo wen, of this 

paroled, they were sent to Indianapolis to 
await their exchange, and while there their 
term of service expired and they were dis- 

county; Eliza P., Willas M. and Nannie B. charged. Mr. Bicknell returned to Green- 
Mr. Jackson. Ids wife, his father, and four of j castle and established his present business. 
their children weigh 100 pounds each, lie; In September, 1870, his shop was destroyed 
is a Democrat in politic.-, has seen much of j by lire, and one year Inter he erected his 

pioneer life, has been successful in life, ant 
is considered one of the representative mei 
of the county. 

present building on Jackson street. It is 
constructed of brick, 25x80 feet, and two 
stories in height. September 8, 1>;53. he 
was married in Madison Township, to Miss 
Sarah .lane Bruner, daughter of Henry and 
Elizabeth (Philips) limner, who was horn in 

§ACOB WESLEY P>ICKXELL,manufact- j Monroe County, Indiana, and reared in Put- 
urer of wagons and carriages, and \iy,\\- I nam County. They have no children. Mrs. 
\ era! blacksmith, at Greencastle, was born j Bicknell is a member of the College Avenue 
in Chester County, Pennsylvania. June 25, | Methodist Episcopal Church, of Greencastle. 
i^d:;. In 1813 he was br-.i.ght i>\ his par- | Politically Mr. Picknell afliliates with the 
ents. Georo-e and Susannah ('Moore; Bicknell, j Democratic pari v. He is a member o1 
to Putnam County, the family locating in I Greencastle Post, No. LI, G. A. P. 
Madison Township, where Jacob learned the ! 

trade of blacksmith of his father. Upon be- j ^ rt £.^j~ 1 ^W>. 

coming of age he opened a blacksmith's shop 
in firunerstown, in the vicinity of his father's, 
farm, where he curried on blacksmithing one 
year. In 1853 ho removed to Greencasth 
and worked at journey work until 1855, when 
he went to Walnut Mills, this county, and this county, and was educated in the common 
conducted a shop three years, then went to schools of his father's district. He has id- 
Stark County, Illinois, and purchased a farm, ways followed tanning with the exception of 
One year later he sold out and returned to | a lew years spent with his father in the saw- 
Greencastle, where he was associated with mill. He was married December 20, 1804, 
Henry Benick in the blacksmithing business, to Miss Harriet James, born July 10, 1847, 
as Bicknell & Reniek. This partnership ! a .laughter of William and Mahala James, 
continued until May. L861, when Mr. Pick- j who came to this county from Kentucky in 
nell enlisted in the Union service as a private '■ an early day, settling mar Cloverdale. 
in Company A. Seven ty-eigiith Indiana In- Thomas James, father of William James, 
fantrv. to serve three month.-. At the battle nan his death, in 1823 or 1824, at the hands 

f'OilX W. GORI1 AM, a farmer of Marion 
'ownship, was horn its Putnam County 
f June 15, 1838, so,, of Alexander and 
Ti/.a 0. Gorham. lie has been reared in 

>f Union town, Kentucky, he wa 

neighbor, while hewing puncheons for a 


iioor. Ha was shot by James Robertson, 
who then went home and shot himself, this 
being the first murder and suicide in the 
county. To Mr. and Mrs. Gorham have been 
born five children, four of whom are living — - 

Belle Union, lie was married August 25, 
1872, to Samantha J. Brown, born Septem- 
ber ;}. 1855, in Shelby County. Indiana. She 
is a daughter of William II. and Mary E. 
Brown, the former a native of Hush County, 
William, Ora, Nona W. and Lola; Ada A. is j Indiana, and the latter of Greene County, 
deceased. Mr. Gorham owns 103 acres of ; Pennsylvania. To Mr. and Mrs. Macy have 
good land which is well cultivated and well , been born six children -Omar W., Howard 
improved. In politics he is a Democrat, and ; : E., Ernest L.. Eudoras T.. Nora (). and (fen- 
himself and wife are members of the Chris- j evieve; the last two are deceased. Mr. Macy 
tian church, of which he has officiated as '. owns a good farm of 140 acres, and is a sue- 
deacon. William James, father of Mrs. Gor- cessful farmer. In June, ls0;>, Mr. Macy 
ham, had been twice married, and was the j enlisted in the Seventeenth Indiana Battery 
father of seven children, only two of whom \ Light Artillery. He was in Sheridan's cam- 
are living -Harriet and Maria. He died Sep- i paign in the Shenandoah Valley and around 
tember ?', 188G. \ Richmond, participating in twenty-six bat- 

tles, and was discharged in July, LS(>5. Mr. 
Macy came to Putnam County in 1S73, and 
has been a resident here ever since. lie is a 

PAN I EL W. MACY, tanner, Jefferson I member of the Masonic fraternity, belong- 
Township, was born in Hamilton Conn- j ing to a lodge at Eminence, 
ty, Indiana, November 19, 1846, a son i 

of Joseph and Ann Macy, the former a na- j , , ,, . at -^.|^g. M .^gW- to , 

tive of .North Carolina and the latter of Ohio. ] 

His father removed to Rush County, Indiana, I |||$ YLVESTER EVANS, farmer, section 

in 18~'d, and resided there several years. His Mm 10, Floyd Township, was born in North 

parents were married in 1832, and had eleven 

■^ 4 Carolina in 1813, son of Joseph and 

children, eight of whom survive — Adaline, j Mary L. (Sauers) Evans, both natives of 
wife of Joseph Hankinson, of Nebraska; North Carolina. They came to this county 
Marcus M., of Kansas; Armilda J., Henry [ in lS20, settling in Floyd Township, where 
C. of Boone County, this State; Daniel W., j the father died in 1866, and the mother in 
Eudoras E., Annie, wife of Arthur "Wilmeth, 1849. Only two of their twelve children are 
of Henry County. Iowa, and Melvina. Soon i now living, Sylvester being the third from 
after their marriage they settled in Hamilton j the youngest, lie was reared on a farm and 
County, where they lived until 1852, then i has always followed the occupation of a 
removed to Clinton County, Indiana, living : farmer. lie was married in 1833 to Miss 
there until 1802, thence to Boone County, Mary Wesner, daughter of Jacob and Sophia 
thence to Henry County, Iowa, in 1872, j Wesner. Two of their live children are liv- 

where the father died in 1885. His mother 
still resides in Iowa. In 1^07 Daniel W. 
began to learn the blacksmith's trade, which 

ino; — Noah and Harper. The former married 
Mary E. Smith and they have three children 
— Walter M.. Uriah S. and llobert E. Mr. 

he followed about twenty years, and for the i Evans is a member of the Methodist Episco- 
last thirteen years has conducted a shop at j pal church, and has served as class-leader and 


trustee of the church. His wife is a member 
of the same church. Politically he is a Re- 
publican. Postoffice, Gracelaud. 

.„ t 

||gjIiCHIBALD ALLEN, farmer, section 
j:kpc: 10, Monroe Township, was born in 
— .i.^ Montgomery County, Kentucky, July 
11, 1827. His father, James Allen, now de- 
ceased, was a native of the same place, and 
removed to this county in L849. His father 
was John Allen, a native of Virginia. The 
mother of our subject was Sarah Jones, a 
daughter of Joseph Jones, and she was born 
in Montgomery County. The parents had 
twelve children, of whom our subject is the 
seventh child. Seven of the children are liv- 
ing—John, C , Archibald, James, Will- 
iam, George and Mary. Our subject came 
to tins county in 1852, first settling in Frank- 
lin Township. May 17, 18-48, he was mar- 
ried in Bourbon County, near Paris, Ken- 
tucky, to .Miss Matilda Trimble, daughter of 
Fergus Trimble, deceased, and they have six 
children James T., William II., Mollie, 
Chun-hill. Lillie and Holla. James married 
Blanche Lliggs, lives in Bainbridge and has 
one child -Hazel !>: William married Mag- 
gie Leavitt, lives in Monroe Township and has 
four children— -Lawrence, Minnie, Downie 
and Paul; Mollie married Brackson Ellis, oi 
Bainbridge; Churchill married May Gordon 
and had one child — Leona; Lillie became the 
wile <>{' Woodson Bateman, or' Marshall, Illi- 
nois. Mr. Allen is now engaged in buying 
and shipping stock, lie has bought, sold 
and shipped more mules than any other man 
in the State, lie owns 125 acres of land, be- 
sides giving 500 acres to his children. Mrs. 
Allen was born in Bourbon County, Ken- 
tucky, and her father was born, lived and died 
in that county. Her grandfather Trimble 

[ was a native of Ireland. Her maternal 

1 grandfather was a native of Virginia, and a 

J soldier in the Mar of 1812. lie was taken 

! prisoner at Fort Meigs and became so starved 

that he cut oil* hogs' tails and ate them raw, 

hair and all. Mr. Allen is a member of the 

Masonic lodge, and both are members of the 

Christian church. 

r. IIARGRAVE, farmer and stock- 
raiser, section 28, Russell Township, 
'fi 9 was born in Hanover County. Vir- 
ginia, May 19, 1804. His parents, William 
and Sarah (Toler) Ilargrave, were also natives 
j of Virginia, the former born in 17<><>, and 
| the latter in 1766. They were the parents 
| of seven children, of whom our subject is 
j the only one now living. His father resided 
! in different counties in Virginia, and finally 
| removed to Ohio in 1820, where he died in 
! less than a year from the time of his re- 
j moval, his wife surviving him two years. 
j Mr. Ilargrave was married in February, 
j 1833, to Elizabeth Gephart. daughter of 
I Bernard and Sarah Gephart, who died in 
1876, leaving a large family to mourn her 
loss. They had eight children— "William II.. 
.Tames M., John W., Benjamin F., Sarah K., 
George W., Henry C. and Anna M. All are 
now living. William II. married Susanna 
Bishop, anil they have four children— -Arthur 
A., Charles A.. Ida M. and Lulu lb: their 
oldest sou is secretary of a publishing house 
in Persia. James M. married Elizabeth Bow- 
ers and has two children- -John and Lillie; 
they reside in Kansas. John W. married 
Margaret Magill. and resides in Nebraska. 
Benjamin F. has been twit e married and both 
wives aredeeeased; he has no children. Sa- 
rah married Thomas Sutherland, and they 
have one child -Bertha. George \Y. married 


Sophia Nelson, and their children are— Jes- 
sie, Metta and Minnie; they reside in Kan- 
sas. Henry married Rachel Fordice, and 
their children are — Ora, Walter, George and 
Benjamin; they are residents of Putnam 
County. Anna M. married David il. Grimes, 
and their children are ---Eddie, Bertie, George 
L,, Nellie, Carl and Pearl; they reside on the 
old homestead, Mr. Hargrave makes his 
home with his children. Four of his sons 
served in the Union army during the Re- 
bellion. John served one year, and was 
discharged on account of* sickness, lie re-en- 
listed and participated in the great tight near 
Richmond, Kentucky. Washington served 
six months and was discharged for sickness. 
lie afterward re-enlisted and served until the 
close of the war. Mr. Hargrave's father was 
called into service during the war of 1812, 
hut was soon discharged, as he was over age. 
Our subject has always worked hard, and 
never attended school but ten weeks in his 
life, lie has been a member of the Presby- 
terian church over fifty years, and an elder 
for more than thirty years of this time. 

§OEL DOBBS, farmer and stock-raiser, 
Mill Creek Township, was born in this 
i' county April 10, 1837, sou of Hugh II. 
and Lucy A. Dobbs, of Putnam County. He 
has been reared and educated in this county, 
and has always been engaged in farming and 
stock-raising, which he is still continuing in 
a successful manner. He was married Au- 
gust 19, 1860, to Eliza C. Keller, daughter 
of Lewis and Susan Keller, pioneers of Put- 
nam County. Their children are as follows — 
Charles A., Franklin A., George A., Lucius 
A., Oscar A and Otto O. Florentine and an 
infant arc deceased. Mr. Dobbs owns 173 
acres of land and resides on section 31, Mill 

Creek Township. He received $1,500 from 
his lather's estate, and the rest of his prop- 
erty ho lias made himself. lie has cleared 
up several farms, and has done a great deal 
of pioneer work, lie is energetic and perse- 
vering, and has been successful in business. 
Himself and wife arc members of the regu- 
ular Predestinarian Baptist church. In poli- 
tics he is a Democrat, but never seeks or 
accepts official positions, though frequently 
urired to do so. 

AMES IT. C. NELSON, farmer and 
stock-raiser, Monroe Township, was born 
Clinton Township, this county, June 
9,1839. ii is father, James I. Nelson, was 
born in Montgomery County, Kentucky, and 
removed to this county in 1S29, when the 
country was a wilderness and infested with 
wild animals. His first house was a log- 
cabin with clapboard roof, puncheon floor, 
mud-and-stick chimney and a large fireplace. 
The mother of our subject, Polly (Yates) 
Nelson, was a daughter of Joshua Yates, who 
reared twelve children. James was the tenth 
of fourteen children, all of whom grew to 
maturity, twelve still living, the oldest 
sixty-six the youngest thirty-nine years, of 
age. He was reared on the old homestead 
and educated in the early subscription school 
I which was taught in the primitive log cabin. 
i with slab seats, boards on wooden pins foi 
i desks, and a loer left out of the walls for win- 
I dows. Mr. Nelson was married October 16, 
1860, to Miss Georgia A. Ilymer, daughter 
j of Jesse P. Ilymer, who was a pioneer of this 
S county, and now lives in Franklin, 
! at the age of eighty-three years. Mr. and 
I Mrs. Nelson have six children — Jesse L.. 
j Andrew J.. Otto M., Oorie C, Samuel C and 
i Minnie C. Jesse married Olive Gordon and 

moan, tpirit x a l sketches. 

lives in .Monroe Township, their one child be- 

rally Mr. Renick 

is a Republican, and lias 

ing Raymond L.; Andrew, wlio married 

served several ter 

ns as member of the ca- 

Carrie Thomas, also resides in Monroe Town- 

council at ( Ireenc; 

stle. January -J. 1.853. he 

ship. Mr. Nelson owns (500 acres of land, 

was married, at ( 

.reencastle, to Miss Lydia 

having given 200 acres to his children. He 
is a Republican in polities, and himself and 
wife are members of thr Methodist Episco- 

Jane Thorn burg, daughter of William 11. 
Thornburg, who was born and reared in 
Greencastle, and educated in the Larabee's 

pal church, as are also their four oldest ' School for Ladies at that place. Six children 
children. were born to them, three of whom arc living 

— William II... an employe in his father's 

shop; Harry Grant, of St. Louis, and George 

G.. also an employe in his father's manufac- 

f^ASPER RENICK, of the firm of Ren- j tory. Mr. Kernels is a Master Mason and 

ick & Curtis, carriage manufacturers, at i member of Temple Lod<re, ]Sio. 4T, A. V. \- 


.,-• Greencastle, was born on a farm in A. M., at Greencastle. He has held the posi- 
Washington Comity, this State, December S, I tion of treasurer of the lodge for nine consee- 
Is^.j. At the age of sixteen years he went ; utive years and still holds that office. His 
to "Walnut Ridge, same county, and, became father, Henry Ren ick, was born near Spring- 
apprenticed to i >. A A. Piatt, to learn the ; Held, Ohio, in 1797, of Welsh parentao-e. 
trade of carriage making, serving five and a lie came to [ndiami in IS 1.8, settling on a 
half years, lie received a limited education i farm in Washington County, thence to-Clay 
in the district schools, attending only dur- ' County in 1.852, where he died in l s s.'5. He 
ing the winter months. In 184G he went to \ was a farmer by occupation, and followed it 
Salem, Washington County, where he worked ! through life. His mother. Catherine ('Clem- 
at journey work two years with the exception | ens) Renick, was a native ^>x Virginia, born 
of a short time spent in Terre Haute. In ; in 1793. She married Mr. Uenick in Ohio, 
the fall of 1849 he went to Waveland, in 1817, and died in Clay County, Indiana, in 
Montgomery County, where he worked until I 1855. They were the parents of ten children, 
September, 1850, then came to Greencastle only six of whom are living — two in Greenl- 
and became associated with his brothers, ' castle and four in various places in Illinois. 
Robert and Henry, in the manufacture oi " Both are members of the Methodist Episco- 
carriages, under the firm name of G., II. & ! pal church. 
R. Renick. They erected a shop on "Wash- j 

ington street, upon ground now occupied by j "*-*$*-*+*?■< ^y-*- 

the Catholic; school building. In 1850 ; 

dames A. Curtis succeeded Henry, changing j iff AMES II. HURST, present trustee of 
the name to Renick. Curtis & Co., and in '• %' > -Jefferson Township, resides on section 5. 
March, 1886, Robert retired, from the firm ■ 4i He was born in Greencastle Township, 
and it was changed to Renick & Curtis. Dur- \ this county, December 0. 1853, son of Jeffer- 
ing 1886-87 Mr. Curtis erected the exten- | son and Elsie (Vowel) Hurst, also natives of 
sive shop and ware-room they now occupy on Putnam County, lie was reared in his native 
Washington street, directly opposite the old i township and educated in the common schools 
shop in which they operated su long. Politi- i of his neighborhood. He remained at home 


until he reached his majority, an<i his father 
then gave him a farm. He commenced farm- 
ing for himself, and after one year was mar- 
ried, February 7, 1875, to Delilah E. Dorsett, 
born in .Marion Township, Putnam County, 
April 11, 1357, a daughter of Abijah and 
Mary (Jones) Dorsett. Mis farm consists 
of 180 acres of well-cultivated land, lie 
gives some attention to stock-raising. In 
politics he is a Democrat, and was elected to 
his present office in the spring of 1886. Mr. 
and Mrs.Hurst are the parents of three children 
— Earl, horn October "Jo, 1875; ( >ra J., born 
December 1. 1878, died January 16,1885, 
and ( Horn E., born November 21, 1880. Mrs. 
Hurst is a member of the Baptist church. 

;^:,MOS \Y. EVENS, tanner, section 5, j 

: L\- Cioverdaie Township, was born in Fay- i 
^.'~ .ette County, Indiana, December 7, 1831, ; 
son vi' William II. and Hannah R. (Worster) j 
Evens. His lathe!- was the youngest son of | 
John and Sarah (Andrews] Evens, of England. ! 
William II. was bom March 13, 1801, and 
remained in England until sixteen years of j 
age, then came to America, where he learned j 
the tanner's trade of an elder brother, Ed- j 
nion, who had preceded him to this country j 
and was engaged in this business at Boston. 
After completing his trade he went to Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, where lie followed his trade for 
a short time, then removed to Fayette 
County, Indiana, in 1821, where he followed 
his usual occupation. James and Nancy 
(Milliner) Worster, the former a native of ! 
Virginia and the latter of Kentucky, immi- 
grated to Indiana in 1813 and entered Gov- j 
eminent land and remained on the same until 
their decease. Their oldest daughter, Hannah 
R. Worster, was burn July 31, 1806. Will- 
iam H.and Hannah R. (Worster) Evens were , 

married August 13, 1823, in Fayette County, 
this State, where they resided until they re- 
moved to Putnam County in October, 1851, 
locating in Greencastle for the purpose of 
educating their younger children. Amos 
W., the subject of this notice, grew to man- 
hood in Fayette County and came to Putnam 
County with his parents. He attended the 
common schools and obtained sufficient edu- 
cation to enable him to teach school, teaching 
four terms. Mr. Evens was married Febru- 
ary 22, 1866, to Miss Sarah A. Cox, who was 
born in Virginia May 18, 1839, a daughter 
of William M. and Hannah P. (Powers) Cox. 
She came to this county with her parents 
while an infant, and was reared in Jefferson 
Township, where she was married. Mr. and 
Mrs. Evens have had five children — James 
M. S., born March 13, 1867; William II., 
born November 5, 1869; Edgar E., born No- 
vember 19, 1871; Irving !>., born September 
IS, 1873; Leontine, born March 11, 1877. 
After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Evens located 
upon the farm where they have since resided, 
and own 213 acres of land. They are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

•ffOHiS; A. GIRTOJSf, farmer, resides on 
"M 1 section 17. Washington Township, 
* , i where lie owns 273 acres of land, lie 
was born in (day County, this State. Septem- 
ber 12, 1811, son of Stephen audi Margaret 
(Mozart) Girton, natives of Pennsylvania, and 
of German ancestry. John A. came to this 
county in 1865. During that year he was 
married to .Miss Rachel R. Harris, who was 
born in this county January 26, 1^14. Their 
children are Elizabeth E.. born December 
12, 1870: Andrew E., bom December 27, 
1872; Sarah P., born August 11, 1S75; John 
E., horn March 17, 1878; Mamie A., born 

/; im ; il win cm. .-- k /: i y 7/ es . 

August 10, 18S0: Florence !.. horn October 
27, 18S3; Magpde D., born January 8,1^S<>. 
Clarinda R., born February 19. ISOs. died 
September 2, 1809. and an infant died No- 
vember 15. I860. Mr. and Mrs, Girton are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
They came to the county poor, and had to go 
in debt for their first housekeeping utensils, 
and Mr. Girton rented land the first three 
years. In politics lie is a Democrat. Post- 
office, Reelsville. 

IT-WILLIAM ALLEN, farmer, section 3, 
r 'v\ />/.'; Marion Townshiji, was born in Shel- 

"™S by County, Kentucky, December 10, 
1825, sun of James and Sarah Allen, the 
former a native of Virginia and the 'after of 
Kentucky. His maternal grandfather, Will- 
iam Conley, was a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary war, and several of his maternal uncles 
served in the war of 1812. His father was 
twice married, and was the father of seven 
children— Zadoc; Harriet, wife of Thomas 
Evans, of Davis County, Iowa; Mahala, who 
married Joseph O'Neal, of this county: 
Zaruah, wife of John Runnyan, also of this 
county; Aaron Elizabeth, wife of John 
Leachneau, of Mercer Comity. Missouri, and 
William. In 1834 James Allen, with his 
family, removed to Putnam County from 
Kentucky, coming the entire distance with a 
four-horse wagon, camping out at night and 
occupying ten or twelve days in the trip. lie 
settled on section 3, Marion Town-hip, hav- 
ing purchased fifty-two acres of land, about 
five acres of which were cleared. There was 
also a cabin on the place. He subsequently 
entered eighty acres of land from the Govern- 
ment in Marion Township, where he lived 
until his death. He was a worthy member 
of the Missionary Baptist church, and much 

respected by all who knew him. In hi- de- 
mise Putnam < "ounty iosl one of la I 
citizens. In 1834 our subject accompanied 
his parents to this county, and this has 
been his home. lie received a rudimentary 
education in the early subsciption schools, 
which war- all that the county then afforded. 
February 2, 1848, he was married to Miss 
Jemima Ellis, who 'was born in Kentucky, 
and daughter of Randolph and Rebecca Ellis, 
early settlers of Putnam County, who came 
here on pack-horses. Mr. Allen is the 
of fmr children Mary A., wife of David 
W.Campbell, has three children, viz. Lenna 
L.. Flora May and .Mien L.; Maria, wife of 
Samuel Campbell, has one daughter- Mary 
Alice; Francis M.. and Sarah A. wife 
of Arthur Ransom, the hitter having one 
daughter Eva \. Mr. Allen owns 151 
acres of well-cultivated and well-improved 

land. Politi. 
ocratic party 

fh'iiates with the i >em- 

11) acres of 
this county 

^JOSEPH S. MeVAY, farmer and stock- 
'^ i raiser, resides on section 22, 
-i Township, where he owns 1< 
excellent land. He was born in 
February 3, 1842, son of Madison ami Eliza 
both (Wright) MeYay, the former a native of 
Ohio and of Irish ancestry, the latter a native 
of Indiana. The parents removed to this 
county in an early day. the mother dying in 
1854. The father now lives in Marion 
(/ounty. Iowa. In 1SC2 our subject enlisted 
in Company C, Fifty-fifth Indiana Infantry, 
serving three mouth.-: afterward re-enlisted 
in Company C, One Hundred and Fifteenth 
Regiment, serving seven mouths. He was 
disabled on the retreat from Greenville. Ten- 
nessee, to Bull's Gap, in the leg. He again 
re-enlisted in Company E, First Indiana 



1||EUP>EN RAGAN, deceased, late of 

r\ Marion Township, was born in Louisa 

^vi County, Virginia, iu tlie year 1793. 

Heavy Artillery, serving two years and two married. Mr. Weesner was again married, 
months, and was mustered out at Baton i August 11, 1867, his second wife being Han- 
Rouge, Louisiana. He enlisted as a musi- j nah Wonnett, born in this county in 1839, 
eian. After the war he returned home and j and a daughter of Lawson and Jane (Colli ngs) 
went to farming. He was married in Floyd j Wonnett. Their one child is deceased. Her 
Township, November 20, lSf>7, to Miss Eliz- \ parents came to this county in 1826, where 
abeth Evans, daughter of G. and Eliza- \ the father died in 1879, aged seventy-three 
beth (Adar) Evans, who were pioneers of ! years. The mother is still living, aged 
Putnam County. Mrs. McVay was born in j seventy-three years. Mr. and Mrs. Weesner 
Floyd Township in 184:3. To this union have i are members of the Protestant Methodist 
been born four children— Nora P., Alma A., I church, of which Mr. Weesner has served us 
Leauder l'». and Bertie P.. Mr. McVay is a | trustee. lie is a self-made man, and has 
Republican in politics, and has held the office i made his property by his own exertions. 
of supervisor, lie was left an orphan at the | 
early age of eleven years, and had not a dol- 
lar to commence life with. lie got his first 
start by working twelve years by the month 
at from xlo to 8^5 a month. 11 is paternal 

grandfather was a soldier in the war of 1812, j ~<;\ County. Virginia, in the yi 
for which he received a pension. Postoffice, j When a small hoy his parents removed with 
Groveland, Indiana. ; him to Bryant's Station, Kentucky. Soon 

: after they settled in Mercer County, near 

nf^Hj^+M* \ Shakertown, in the same State, where the 

parents died, leaving four sons orphans. 

fACOH WEESNER, farmer and stock- j Reuben was taken into the family of Elisha 
raiser, Floyd Township, resides on section : Thomas, where he remained until, at his own 
, 15, where he owns ninety-five acres of request, he was apprenticed to a tanner by the 
fine land. His parents were Samuel and I court having jurisdiction of orphans. When 
Hester (Evans) Weesner, natives of North brought into court the first time, the judge 
Carolina, and of German descent. They asked kindly what calling he wished to fol- 
were the parents of two children, and mem- : low, and received from the boy the answer, 
bersof the Methodist Episcopal church. They j " I wish to be a tanner." •' My sou," said the 
removed to Putnam County, this State, where J judge, "that is a very dirty business, but 
the father died in ls33, aged twenty-six I will make you fair money." The words of 
years, and the mother in 1875, aged sixtv- j the iudire were kindly remembered, even in 
eight years. Jacob Weesner was married, ■ old age, by him lowborn they were addressed. 
January 2, 1853, to Melissa A. Goodwin, j Our subject remained in a tan-yard until he 
who was born in Parke County in 1838, and j reached his majority, and made himself corn- 
died in 1866, leaving three children — Ruf- j plete master of the business. He did well 
fina, wife of Henry Smith, of this county, j whatever he undertook, and early formed 
has one child - William A.; Millard C., who \ close habits of observation. During his boy- 
married Catherine Robinson and has one I hood he was fond of, and frequently in the 
child — Josiah U.. and Cameron, who is nn- j company of Edward Darnaby and John Light- 



foot, of Mercer County, Kentucky, through 
whom his natural inclination to horticulture 
was strengthened and enlarged. In 1816 he 

visited Indiana, spending the winter near 
Vincennes. The winter of 1818-'19 he 
spent in Putnam County, at the home of 
Joseph Thomas, below Webster .Mills. The 
only settlers then in this county in the valley 
of the Walnut were Benjamin Croy, James 
Athey, and David Thomas. During this 
winter he explored all of Putnam County, 
frequently visiting the dense woods then oc- 
cupying the present site of Greencastle, and 
frequently met and camped with the red men 
of the forest. The following spring lie re- 
turned to Kentucky. Between this and 1824 
he visited this State several times, and at- 
tended a sale of lots at Indianapolis. In 
1824 he made a collection of fruit cions in 
Kentucky, and with them came to Indiana 
and settled in' Putnam County, lie first 
commenced a small nursery on the firm since 
owned by Andrew Pluck, west of Green- 
castle. lie soon afterward settled on the 
land where he died, in Marion Township. 
Here, in 1824, he propagated bluegrass. 
From this time until his death, which occur- 
red August 19, 1869, he was a devotee of 
horticulture; and though he cleared and made 
for himself a fine farm, he was never so happy 
as when with his trees, fruits and flowers. 
His love of these he manifested till the close 
of his life. In his dying hour, being shown 
a dahlia, he handled it. exclaiming, "Oh, how 
beautiful.'-' To Reuben Ragan, more than 
all others, Western Indiana owes the quality j 
and character of its fruits, and these will, in i 
years to come, testify to and of his eminent 
and disinterested public services more elo- 
quently than " stone or sculptured monu- 
ment." Henry Ward Beecher once said, 
4i Ragan is the most intelligent horticulturist 
in America." He was the first ['resident of 

the Indiana Horticultural Society, and was 
an honorary member thereof at his death. 
Of his character as a horticulturist, those 
who dealt with, confided in, or sought infor- 
mation from him, give most beautiful testi- 
mony. What he sold or gave was always the 
best, and his opinion was always reliable. 
He taught and practiced horticulture for the 
love of it, and obtained and distributed the 
best varieties without attempting individual 
profit. He was characteristically modest, 
and never sought a public office, nor held one 
above the grade of district school trustee. 
He was. indeed, in true, maid}- worth, a 
model; courageous, conscientious, true to 
principle, unselfish, loving and gentle as a 
woman, and generous almost to a fault. He 
was married in 1828 to Miss Jane Matthews, 
who made him an excellent, dutiful and con- 
fiding wife. Their children were twelve in 
number, eleven of whom survived the father. 
He was a kind husband, a loving father, a 
good neighbor— -an honest man. \\\ Decem- 
ber, 1868, he wrote the following words, and 
a few days before his death handed them to 
William II. Ragan, his son: 

My God doth call and I mast go 
And leave this world of tears below, 
And join that blessed happy number, 
Where joy and peace doth never cease, 
And wake in heaven from my slumber. 

My so\d still lingers on the breeze. 
And loves its own sweet native trees; 
But freed from earth it goes to God, 
Along the road by angels trod. 

This shows that after death he anticipated 
a "blessed immortality. He was buried near 
Fillmore, upon ground of his own selection. 
A large concourse of neighbors, relatives and 
friends accompanied his remains to their last 
resting place, and with loving though sad 
hearts returned his remains to earth on the 
21st day of August, 1869. Mrs. Ragan 
came with her parents to Putnam County in 



1827, whore the latter lived (luring the re- 
mainder of their lives. Ten of the twelve 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Ilagan survive— j 
Mary, wife of Robert Rosebro, of Crawfords- 
ville, Indiana; William II., formerly a pro- ! 
lessor in De Pauw (Asbury) University, at 
Greencastle; Milton; Robert M.; Harriet I 
wife of Marshall A. Moore, an attorney of I 
Greencastle; dames S., a resident of Kansas; j 
Jennie, wife of Dr. John Welch, of Lena, j 
Indiana; Amy, who married Benjamin Nich- 
olson, now deceased, and Howard 11., who is ! 
living in Oregon. Sally, the third daughter, j 
was the wife of Joseph Priest; she died Sep- 
tember 29, I860; the eldest daughter, Nancy, 
married Mr. MeCord, of Genterville, Indiana; 
he died in L853, and the widow returned to 
the old homestead and remained until her 
death, March 29, 1862, 

TJP&ANIEL PECK, a prominent farmer of i 
A J Warren Township, now deceased, was 
■~~" born near Bloom ington, Indiana, De- 
cember 29, 1823, son of Isaac and Nancy 
(Moore) Peck, natives of Pennsylvania and 
Kentucky respectively. They were married 
in Kentucky, and came to Indiana about 1822, 
locating near Bloom ington, Monroe County. 
In 1824 they removed to this county and 
bought, land on section 13, Warren Township, 
where the mother died September 2, 1861, 
and the father, February 17, 1865. They 
were parents of twelve children, nine of 
whom were boys. Mr. Peek was a member 
of the Presbyterian church and Airs. Peck of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, although 
she was formerly a Presbyterian. Daniel 
was reared in Warren Township and received 
a common school education. lie remained 
at home until his marriage, which occurred 
October 12, 1844, with Sarah McCarty, who 

was born February 28, 1823, a daughter of 
William McCarty, of this county. After his 
marriage Mr. Peck went to Boone County, 
where he was engaged in farming one year, 
then sold his farm and returned to Putnam 
County, purchasing land in Warren Town- 
ship, lie afterward located on section 11, 
where he lived until his death, October 28, 
1850. Mrs. Peck still resides on the old 
homestead. Mr. Peck was a successful busi- 
ness man, and at the time of his death owned 
200 acres of land, all the product of his own 
labor and management, assisted by his esti- 
mable wife, who is a very intelligent, amiable 
lady. Since her husband's death she has 
purchased some land, and has now of her 
own about 200 acres. She is a member of 
the Baptist church. They were the parents 
of four children -Theodore F., born August 
8, 1846, died January 16, 1879; William M., 
born May 27, 1848; Nancy A., born July 21, 
1850, and Isaac S., born August 2, 1852. 
William M.. an attorney at law, resides in 
Texas. Nancy A. married Albert Layman 
and resides in Warren Township. Isaac S. 
is unmarried and resides at home, managing 
the farm, lie owns over 200 acres of land. 
He was educated at Asbury College, and has 
always followed farming. 

INFIELD S. COX, attorney at law 
ami dealer in real estate, Greencastle, 
C^p^i was born in Jefferson Township, this 
county, October 8, 1855. His parents, Will- 
iam M. and Hannah P. (Powers) Cox, were 
natives of Virginia, the former of English 
and the latter of Scotch-English ancestry. 
They came to Putnam County in 1837, lo- 
cating in Jefferson Township, where they still 
reside. Winfield was reared on a farm and 
received only a common school education. 



In 1879 lie left *"he farm and began the study 
of law in the office of Moore Bros., and was 
admitted to the bar at Greencastle in 1882. 
In 1883, in connection with the law prac- 
tice, he engaged in the real estate business at 
Greencastle. In 188-1 lie was married to 
Miss Sadie E. Evans, daughter of William 
and Hannah R. (Worster) Evans, of Green- 
castle. She graduated at Asbury University, 
in the class of '83, and is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Cox is 
identified with the leading business men of 
Greencastle, and takes a great interest in the 
growth and prosperity of the city. He was 
one of the principal organizers of the Loan 
and Building Association and one of the 
stockholders. In the spring of 1887 J. T. 
Horn became associated with him in the 
real estate business, under the firm name of 
Cox & Horn, and they are doing an exten- 
sive business in both county and State. 

r OEL HEAVIN, farmer, Marion Town- 
ship, was born in Montgomery County, 
^€ Virginia, September 16, 1833, son of 
John and Sarah Iieavin, natives of Virginia, 
who were the parents of eleven children. 
Five of these children are still living — James, 
Elijah, Howard, Joel and Elizabeth. His 
ancestors came from England and settled in 
Virginia prior to the Revolutionary war. 
Joel was reared to manhood in his native 
State, and when twenty-one years of age came 
with his mother and other members of his fam- j 
ily, his father being deceased, to Hendricks j 
County, this State. He was married March ; 
25, 1866, to Miss Nancy C. Poe, daughter of '■ 
Henry Poe, and to this union were born four ' 
children, three of whom are living — Thomas, j 
William R. and Charles. He removed to his 
present farm on section 2, Marion Township, 

j about the year 1876, and is the owner of 113 
j acres of land. Mrs Heavin is a daughter of 
j Henry and Rhoda Poe, and was born in this 
county January 11, 1838. Her parents were 
early settlers of this county. They had eight 
children, only three of whom are living — 
Preston, Cynthia and Nancy C. They died in 
Arkansas, whither they had removed a few 
years previous to their death. 


[US F. SHANNON, a merchant at 
was born in Woodford County, 
Kentucky, September 3, 1834, son of Da- 
vid A. and Nancy (Alexander) Shannon, who 
emigrated to Montgomery County, Indiana, 
in 1835, settling in the wilderness. He was 
reared on a farm and educated in the sub- 
scription schools which were kept in log cabins 
with slab seats, boards on pins in the wall 
for desks, a huge fireplace in one end of the 
room, a stick chimney, a log cut out and one 
row of window lights inserted for a window, 
puncheon floor, and clapboard roof with knees 
and weight poles. At the age of eighteen years 
he learned the carpenter's trade, which he 
followed most of the time until 1871, when 
he established a drug and grocery store in 
Parkersburg, Montgomery County, and con- 
tinued it until 1S75 or 1876. He then re- 
moved to Shannondale, same county, and 
engaged in general merchandising, which 
he continued about eight years, then came 
to Raccoon and opened a general store. 
He carries a capital stock of $3,000, and does 
an annual business of $6,000. He keeps 
dry goods, boots and shoes, hats and caps, 
groceries and provisions, glass and queens- 
ware, crockery, notions, etc. He was married 
December 22, 1862, to Martha Carter, daugh- 
ter of John Carter, deceased, and they have 
had seven children — Mary Alice, Walter B., 


John W, David (deceased), Thomas E.. j father on the homestead. She has six chil- 
Joseph F. and George 15., all living at home, j dren — Orlando, Cordelia, Sally Ann, Maggie, 
Mr. Shannon is a member of the Odd j Homer E. and Oscar L. Mr. Reeves was 
b'ellows fraternity, and in 1885 was made i horn in this county June 17, 1834, is a farm- 
postmaster, an office he still holds. Mrs. er and owns 14(5 acres of land. Joseph S. 
Shannon is a member of the Universalist j was horn January 28, 1840, and now lives at 
church, at Fineastle. Although there are two j Greencastle; is unmarried. Of those deceased 
other stores at Raccoon, Mr. Shannon has John Edgar was horn January 29, 1831, 
the largest trade. served a year in the late war and died in 

Mead Comity, Kentucky, October 7. 1862: 
-_^. H ^ H w^.*, Margaret J., born August 28, 1833, married 

Reuben Thornly October 12, 1855, and died 
^fAMES MeOLARY, farmer, section 25, j Juue I, 1850; James R, born December 26, 
7 ! Monroe Township, was born in Fleming 1841, served four months in the late war; 
M County, Kentucky, October 20, 1804, a | was married February 27, 1867, to Emma 
son of John and Margaret McClary. His Reeves, who bore him two children — Edgar 
father was born in Augusta County, Virginia, Land Albert L.; was killed by lightning, 
of Irish ancestry. He was reared in his na- August 25, 1869, while threshing wheat; 
tive county and educated in the subscription i Ann E., born October 12, 1844, married 
schools of the early day. These schools were : Columbus C; Coffman February 27, 1867, and 
taught in the primitive log house, where split died April 27, 1884, leaving four children- 
logs- were u>v<{ for seats, hoards on wooden j Clara C, Iiiilery L., Effa 1'. arid Elijah F. ; 
pins for desks, clapboard roof, puncheon floor, William L., born March 3,1847, died March 
clay chimney and a huge fireplace in one end j 6, 1871, and two died in infancy. They have 
of the room. The exercises were very often twelve grandchildren ;im\ four great-grand- 
interspersed with the use of the primitive children. Their two eldest children were 
'• gad. v Mr. McClary came to this county in born in Fleming County, Kentucky, and the 
1833. settling on the same section he now ; rest in Putnam County. Mrs. McClary died 
occupies. His iirst house was a log cabin, j September 20, 18G3, a consistent Christian 
which is still standing. He used to go to | and a member of the Presbyterian church, 
tenor twelve log-rollings every year and as Mr. McClary is also a member of that church, 
many house-raisings, as neighbors were en- I 

tirely dependent upon one another on such — «*^^£»^mJ*Sm-»« 

occasions. He also had to attend military ' 

drills. His milling was done at Craw fords- '-T~rTJ I.I.IAM MeCARTY, a prominent 

ville and at Torre Haute. He was married ; v \ \r~, farmer of Warren Township, now de- 
October 1, 1829, to Sal 1 i e Ann Morrison, a '■■ Ir^n ceased, was born in Shenandoah 
native of Fleming County, Kentucky, and ! County, Virginia, in 1788, son of John and 
daughter of Joseph Morrison, deceased. Of j Ellen (Jones) McCarty, the former of Eng- 
their nine children only two are living -Mar- ; lisii birth and the latter of Irish. They im- 
tha E. and Joseph S. Martha was born Feb- j migrated to America about the time of the 
ruary 22, 1836, and married William A. j Revolutionary war, settling in Virginia, 
Reeves, May 1, 1856, and now lives with her j where they passed thv remainder of their 



days. They had nine children, six daughters 
and three sons. The father followed fishing 
in his younger days, but in later life was a 
farmer. William was reared in Virginia, and 
when twenty-one years old went to Tennessee, 
where he was married December 8, 1817, to 
Miss Anna Lanham, born in that State Jan- 
uary 22, 179C. Soon after their marriage 
they came to Clark County, this State, and 
in the fall of 1818 came to Putnam County, 
locating on land on section 12 which he had 
previously entered from the Government, it 
being the first land entered in the vicinity. 
They resided in Warren Township until their 
decease, Mr. McCarty's death occurring 
September 22. 1848, and Mrs. McCarty's in 
October. 1878. Both were members of the 
Old School Baptist church. They were the 
parents of eleven children, eight daughters 
and three suns. One son, Elijah, was one 
term in the Legislature from this county and 
afterward removed to Douglas County, Illi- 
nois, Avhere he became a Colonel in the army, 
and was nominated for Congress from his 
district on the Republican ticket, about 18(51-, 
but was defeated. In politics Mr. McCarty 
was a Democrat, and held the office of justice 
of the peace several years, He owned about 
31)0 acres of land. 

1IOMAS WALSH, farmer, section 17. 
f Franklin Township, was born in County 
^ Kerry, Ireland, February 1, 1831, son 
of Thomas Walsh, also a native of Ireland, 
and now deceased. The father came to the 
United States in 1849, and his son in 1850, 
when he worked on public works for some 
time, lie worked in the coal mines in Penn- 
sylvania and on railroads, lie helped to 
grade the Kentucky Central Railroad, and in 
1854 came <lo\vn h\>m Cincinnati Jo Law- 

i renceburg, in this State, and worked on the 

j Ohio & Mississippi Railroad that summer, 

j and in the fall of the same year went down 

j the Mississippi River to Memphis, Tennes- 

[ see. He helped grade the Terre Haute, 

j Alton & St. Louis Railroad, near St. .Mary's, 

j Indiana, in 1855. The wages generally re- 

' ceived in those days was Si per day, a day's 

j work being from daylight until dark, or in 

! other words, as long as they could see to roll 

| a wheelbarrow on a single plank. There 

i were no scrapers used in those days to grade 

: railroads, all was genuine hard labor, and 

j principally done by Irishmen. In 1^54 he 

! helped to grade the Memphis A r Charleston 

j (South Carolina) Railroad, then went to (.'aire, 

i Illinois, where he assisted in grading the 

i Illinois Central Railroad. When going to 

' his work he and several others were taken up 

1 the Mississippi River about thirty miles, and 

; were put oft' on a sand-bar in the night, on 

j the Missouri side, where they remained until 

| the next morning. At 8 o'clock the ferry- 

I boat came from the Illinois side and carried 

I them over, and they walked twenty miles to 

j Jonesboro before they could get anything to 

■ eat. The most of them became so weak that 

they fell behind, and did not reach Jonesboro 

until several hours after the arrival of the 

others. Mr. Walsh and two others reached 

the town first, lie worked a short time on 

the Wabash Railroad, and in the spring of 

1850 came to Indianapolis, this State, and 

worked as a hod-carrier tw<> years. He also 

worked some time in the freight department. 

He came to Putnam County in 1859, and 

worked for William Bridges six mouths. In 

the spring of 1860 he walked to Greencastle 

and took the train for St. Louis, but failing 

to get work, he returned and worked ten 

months for Martin Donahue, and was then 

employed by Robert Lockridge nearly four 

rears. In L86-J he began farming for him- 



self, renting land until 1870, then purchased 
110 acres where lie now resides. May 30, 
1857, he was married to Miss Bridget Kirby, 
daughter of Thomas Kirby, deceased. They 
have had ten children- — Thomas, John W., 
William B., Ella, Kate, Mary, Maggie, Nora, 
Lizzie and George E. Mr. Walsh now owns 
151-A acres of land, and is engaged in farm- 
ing and stock-raising. 

tor of the Half- Way House at Mount 
tP j Meridian, Jefferson Township, was horn 
in Mercer County, Kentucky, September 23, 
1827, son of Joel and Martha (Shaw) Ver- 
millioM. He came to this county with his 
parents, where he grew to manhood, passing 
his early life on a farm. lie remained at 
home until twenty years of age, then com- 
menced working by the month on neighboring 
farms. He continued in this manner until 
lie had accumulated enough money to buy a 
stock of goods, and in 1809 opened a store, 
in which he continued until 1879, at which 
time he bought a farm, and has since followed 
farming. He owns 275 acres in a good state 
of cultivation. lie makes stock-raising a 
specialty. Politically lie was formerly a 
Whig, but is now a Democrat. Mr. Ver- 
million united with the Masonic fraternity 
about 1850, joining Larrabee Lodge, No. 131, 

at Stilesville, Hendricks County. Mr. Ver- 
million was married September 5, 1867, to 
Martha Jane Bourne, horn in Kentucky 
December 20, 18-46, daughter of Ambrose 
Bourne, a resident of Mount Meridian. To 
this union have been born two children — 
Mary Etta, born June 25, 1808, wife of 
Lafayette McCoy, and Sylvan us, born April 
8. 1872. Mr. Vermillion is a member of the 
Old School Baptist church, and Mrs. Ver- 

million of the Missionary Baptist church. 
Both are greatly respected in their commu- 

jfl^UGII II. PARKER, a pioneer of Mill 
ffiOl Creek Township, was born in Putnam 
jSIg County August 26, 1852, son of Will- 
iam and Bethena P. Parker. His father came 
I to the county with his parents in 1827, set- 
| tling in Mill Creek Township, where he en- 
! tered eighty acres of land. The country was 
then a dense wilderness. He first erected a 
i log cabin, and then began the work of clear- 
i ing up his farm. To the parents of our sub- 
ject were born eleven children — Martin, of 
Morgan County; Candae, wife of James 
Parish, of Cass County, Missouri; Sarah, 
| wife of D. W. Shirrell, of Hendricks County; 
i Martha, wife of Solomon Dorsett, of Morgan 
I County; Mary, wife of Richard Stringer, of 
Morgan County; Joel D., of Cass County, 
! Missouri: Benjamin A., of this county: Ma- 
I tilda, wife of M. M. Hnrst, of Jefferson 
j Township; Hugh II. ; Lucy, wife of Thomas 
I Surber, of Morgan County. The father was 
i an active member of the Regular Baptist 
! church, and in politics a Democrat. He was 
an honest man and highly respected by all 
I who knew him. Our subject has always been 
| a resident of Mill Creek Township, and farm- 
ing has been his occupation. He was mar- 
ried Febrnary 28, 1875, to Miss Sorilda 
Wood, a daughter of Elisha Wood, of this 
county, and they have had four children, two 
of whom are living — Bertha D. and Victory. 
He owns 230 acres of good land, and resides 
on section 17. In politics he is a Democrat, 
and his wife is a member of the Missionary 
I Baptist church. His paternal ancestors were 
i English, and his maternal, German. His 
i grandfather, John Parker*, immigrated from 



England to the United States previous to the 
Revolutionary war, locating in South Caro- 
lina. William Parker, grandfather of our 
subject, was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
He located in Tennessee, where the father of 
Hugh was born. The latter came to this 
county, settling in Mill Creek Township in 
1827. He kept a store on his farm, and was 
postmaster several years, keeping the office in 
his store. lie was the first merchant in the 
township, and the third settler. 

Ik farmer, section 2-4, Monroe Town- 
i^rrj ship, was born in Nicholas County, 
Kentucky. May 20, 1834. His father, James 
R. Boardman, deceased, was also a native of 
Kentucky, and a son of Benjamin Boardman, 
who emigrated from Virginia to Kentucky 
in an early day. lie was of English ances- | 
try, and followed farming and school-teach- 
ing, having a superior education for those 
times. William's mother was Sally (Hazel- 
rigg) Boardman. He was reared a farmer, 
and educated in the common schools of his 
native county. He came to Boone County, ! 
Indiana, in November, 1854, where he lived 
until September, 1855, then removed to Da- 
viess County, tliis State. He came to this 
county in the spring of 1857, which has 
since been his home. He removed to his 
present home in February, 1859. He was 
married January 28, 1858, to Susan Ann 
Blackwell, daughter of Thomas Blackwell, 
now deceased. Their three children are all 
deceased. They were Annie E., Thomas R. 
and William W. Mrs. Boardman died June 
15, 1863, and June 17, ls72. Mr. Boardman 
Avas married to Annie E. Blackwell, a sister 
of his former wife. He owns ninety-seven 
acres vf excellent land, and is engaged in 

farming and stock-raising, lie has served as 
road supervisor four years, and assessor two 
years. lie is a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, of the Anti-Horse Thief Association, 
and of the Christian Union church. His 
mother's brother, Harvey G. Hazelrigg, was 
a prominent Mason of Indiana, having held 
offices in the State Grand Lodge. He was 
president of the Indianapolis & Lafayette 
Railroad, was prominent as a banker, and as a 
politician. Mrs. Boardman's father was born 
in Kentucky, February 25, 1804. He mar- 
ried Artemecy Huffman, and came to this 
county in the fall of 1829. They had eleven 
children, three of whom are living- Mrs. 
Tabitha Gofer, Mrs. Eveline Wain and Mrs. 
Annie E. Boardman. Mr. Blackwell died 
December 18, 1856, and Mrs. Blackwell, 
October 30, 1882. 

|mRTHUR A. SMITH is a native of 
,.\\ Boone County, Indiana, where he was 
tip* born February 11, 1861, the son of ( ). 
II. Smith and Elvisa A. (Allen) Smith. The 
former was a native of Fayette County. In- 
diana, and resided in this State until 1883, 
devoting a part of the time to the Methodist 
Episcopal ministry, but mostly to public 
school work, and in that year went to Little 
Rock, Arkansas. He preached there for three 
years, then one year at Cameron, Missouri, 
and is now at Trenton, Missouri. Mrs. Smith 
is a native of Putnam County, Indiana. 
They have been given live children -Willis 
Barker, a druggist of Hot Springs, Arkansas; 
Arthur A., Henry M., in the Times office, as 
assistant editor; Edith and Mabel, at home. 
The second of the family, Arthur, received 
a thorough English education, and gradu- 
ated at the Rockport High School in 1X77. 
He was for two years in a book store at Dan- 



ville, and then for two years was employed 
in the-office of the Hendricks County Union, 
under his lather. In 1882 he came to 
Greencastle, where he worked on the Times 
for Mr. Neff for six months. I Lis next service 
was as city editor of the Columbus Daily Re- 
publican. h\ 1*84 he returned to Green- 
castle and bought the Times, to which he has 
since devoted his time. Mr. Smith is a Re- 
publican in political sentiment, and is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

WILLIAM II. McVAY, farmer and 
stock-raiser, resides on section 22, 
, Floyd Township, where he owns 175 
acres of land. He was born in that town- 
ship, February 6, 1839, a son of Jacob and 
Mary (Reese) McVay, natives of Pennsyl- 
vania and Virginia, and of Irish ancestry. 
The parents came to Putnam County in 
1832, and here both died. William II. was 
reared a farmer, and has pursued that occu- 
pation through life. On the (3th of October, 
18(32, he enlisted in Company B, Fifty-fourth 
Indiana Infantry, and served twelve months. 
He participated in the battles of Chicka- 
saw I> lull's, Vicksburg, Arkansas Post, in 
the first day's tight at Major Shaffer's planta- 
tion, all through the siege of Vicksburg- and 
the battle of Jackson. He was mustered out 
December 8, 1803, at New Orleans. He 
re-enlisted in Company II, Eleventh Indiana 
Infantry, February 28, 1865, and served six 
months, being mustered out at the close of 
the war at Baltimore, after which he re- 
turned home. April 27, 18(34, he was mar- 
ried in the house where he now lives to 
Miss Maggie A. Timmons, daughter of "Will- 
iam and Sarah J. Timmons, pioneers of this 
county. Mrs. McVay was born in Ohio, 
April 12, 184-.7. They have had six children 

--Aden A., born May 13,1805: Eva, E., born 
May 3, 1808: Jacob R., born December 20, 
; 180D; Cliffle M., born October 0, 1874; Ova 
I L., born May 2, 1881; Emma (J., born March 
1 4, 1872. died October 25, 1873. Mr. McVay 
| is a member of the Masonic Lodge, No. 542, 
i at Groveland, Indiana. In polities he is a 
• Republican. He is a member of the Method- 
j ist Protestant church. II is father was a sol- 
| dier in the war of 1S12; he was born 
I January 8, 1790, and died December 28, 
j 1878. His mother was born December 27, 
i 1794, and died December 24, 18G2. They 
i were married September 14, 1814, and were 
! the parents of fifteen children. 

EV. JOEL VERMILLION, one of the 
pioneers of Putnam County, was born 
"*;.\ in Pi ttsylvania County, Virginia,in 1802, 
a son of Birch and Nancy Vermillion, also na- 
tives of Virginia. He went with his parents to 
Kentucky when he was sixteen years old, and 
after living there several years, removed to 
Missouri, where the parents remained until 
their decease. They were of Welsh origin, 
the families coming to America before the 
Revolutionary war. They reared eleven 
sons. Joel was reared in Kentucky, and 
was married in that State in 1820. In 1830 
he came to Putnam County, locating in 
Clinton Township, where he entered eighty 
acres of land from the Government. He 
erected a log cabin with clapboard roof and 
puncheon floor, and . remained there until 
1840, when he sold his farm and purchased 
100 acres in Jefferson Township, where he 
lived until his decease, in 1871. His wife, for- 
merly Martha Shaw, was born and reared in 
Adair County, Kentucky, and died July 4, 
1871. She was the mother of eleven chil- 
dren, eight of whom were sons. Mr. Ver- 



million was reared a farmer, and experienced 
religion while living in Kentucky. He unit- 
ed with the Old School Baptist church, and was 
ordained a minister at Bethel, Little Walnut 
.Baptist Church, in Clinton Township, about 
1837. lie followed this calling for many 
years, or until his infirmities prevented. lie 
Mas a very large man. weighing 240 pounds. 
He obtained the most of his early education 
by the light of the fireplace, lie took no j 
interest in politics, seldom attending elections, I 
but he was strong in the faith he taught, j 
He was formerly a Whig, but left that party j 
when the Know-nothing party sprung into j 
existence. In later life he was a Democrat, j 

gP,PIIKAIM C. ADAMS, a fanner resid- 

'■[".'.. ing in Marion Township, was born in 
""vg^i Bartholomew County, Indiana, August 
G, 1835, son of .John -and Phoebe (Preston) 
Adams, natives of Kentucky, and of English 
ancestry. II is grandparents were natives of 
Virginia. Two of his great uncles were sol- 
diers in tlie Revolutionary war. 1 1 is father 
died, leaving a wife and four children to care 
for themselves. They removed to Pulaski 
County. Kentucky, where they resided a short 
time; also lived in Rock Castle County for 
a time, then went to Garrett County, where 
Ephraim remained until he was eighteen 
years old. lie then commenced to learn 
the trade of turner and machinist, which he 
followed until about nine years ago. For 
several years he was foreman in an establish- 
ment at Greencastle, and for a time had the 
supervision of the chair manufacturing de- 
partment. Being thrown upon his own re- 
sources so early in life, his education was 
necessarily limited. .March 19, 1857, he was 
married to Miss Serelda J. Youngman, born 
in Mason County, Kentucky, and daughter 

of Jesse and Amy (Dix) Youngman, natives 
of Virginia and Pennsylvania, respectively. 
Her parents came from Kentucky to this 
county in 1832, settling in Greencastle 
Township upon a farm about one mile east 
of Greencastle. Six children have been born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Adams, of whom five are 
living— Ella C, M. Etta, Myrtie E., Ida A. 
and Sallie Amy. Mr. Adams settled upon 
his present farm on section 5, Marion Town- 
ship, in 1878, and is the owner of sixty-eight 
acres of well cultivated land. Politically he 
affiliates with the Republican party, and he 
is also a member of the Masonic fraternity at 
Fillmore, Indiana. Himself and wife are 
worthy members of the Locust Street Method- 
ist Episcopal Church at Greencastle. The 
parents of Mrs. Adams had twelve children, 
of whom four survive Dr. Stacey Young- 
man, of Jasper County, Illinois; Elizabeth, 
widow of Allen G. Paris; Mary P.. wife of 
Dr. Milo Wood, of Grinned, Iowa, and Ser- 
elda J., wife of our subject. Mr. and Mrs. 
Adams are rearing a boy named Wilbur C. 
Kendall, a son of John and Emma Kendall, 
both of whom are deceased. 

AMES M. SUA PP. fanner and stock- 
[ raiser, resides on section 7, Washington 
-,^ Township, where he owns 120 acres oi 
land. He was born in Bourbon County, 
Kentucky, November 22, l>>83. son of George 
and Julia (Darnalf) Sharp. The mother died 
in Kentucky, and in 1851 the father removed 
to this county. James M.was reared a farmer 
and has always followed that occupation. lie 
was married in this county March 10, 1858, 
to Mary M. Wright, who was bom in this 
county in 1881'. Their children are — Pen- 
ton; Julia, wife of Millard F. Ham. has one 
child — Minnie; Pauline, Dora, Eddie and 



Essie M. The deceased are— Clarence L., 
Alonzo, Franklin and Ettio. Politic-ally Mr. 
Sharp is a Democrat. lie is a self-made 
man, having earned all of his property by 
industry and good management. 

ipLEMIXG MoCRAY, farmer, section 21. 
' f~l Monroe Township, was born in Bourbon 
^- County. Kentucky, February 8, 1813, 
son of Samuel and Rebecca (Hedges) McCray, 
the tunuer a native of Pennsylvania and now 
deceased, the latter born near Frederickstown, 
Maryland, and a daughter of Joseph Hedges. 
His early life was passed (in a farm, and his 
educational advantages were very limited. 
ilis parents were poor and lie necessarily had 
it* work very hard, lie came to Putnam 
County in the spring of 1840, settling in 
Monroe Township, where he was married 
September 1, 1S42. to Miss Mary A. Hewlett, 
daughter of George W. and Elizabeth (Thomp- 
kins) Hewlett, the former a native of North 
Carolina, and the latter of Montgomery 
County, Kentucky. Mrs. McCray was born 
in Monroe Township July 27, 1824, and is 
the oldest living native of the county that is 
now living in the county. Her parents came 
to the county in 1822, settling on section 21, 
Monroe Township. They had three children 
—Mrs. Nancy Reeves, Mrs. McCray and 
Mrs. Elizabeth Bundrum. The father died 
in August. 1873, and the mother in July, 
1880. Mr. and Mrs. McCray have had eleven 
children, nine of whom are living — -James 
M., Frances, George W., Garrett D., William, 
Rebecca, Emma, Charles and Jennie. John 
died at the age of twenty years. Mr. Mc- 
Cray owns 356 acre; of land and devotes his 
attention to farming and stock-raising. Mrs. 
McCray remembers, in an early day, of see- 
ing the militia muster. The roads were blazed 

through the wood-, and her father !md to go 
a great distance to trade and to do his mill- 
iner. He had to carry his grain on his horse 
with pack saddles. Mr. Hewlett was the first 
settler north of Greencastle, and helped to 
clear away the brush from the place where 
the town now stands, and where wild animals 
roamed in large numbers. The Indians 
helped him raise his log cabin, which was 
built of round logs with puncheon floor and 
clapboard roof. They u^'d a puncheon table 
and stools The first Methodist Episcopal 
class was organized in this cabin, when the 
door consisted of a quilt. 


OlIX Q. CROMWELL, a resident of 
J Pleasant Garden, Washington Township, 
i was born in Clay Comity, this State, 
August "27, 1S30, a son of Nicholas D. and 
| Amelia (Marshall) Cromwell, his father be- 
| ing the first sheriff and first treasurer of Clay 
i (ountv, and was judge of the Circuit Court 
\ seventeen years. Me was reared on a farm 
j and has dealt more extensively than any other 
i man in the county in stock. Two years of 
| his life were spent in selling goods. He is 
' a Democrat in politics; has held the office of 
justice of the peace twelve years, trustee four 
I years and is at present a notary public. Dur- 
i ing the war he sent a substitute, for which 
| he paid §850. Mr. Cromwell was married 
! in Putnam County in 1851, to Miss Diana 
I E. Harnett, a daughter of John and Rachel 
| (Ellis) Barnett, who was born April 2, 1832. 
i She is a lady of fine qualities and refinement. 
Mr. and Mrs. Barnett were pioneer settlers, 
having immigrated to this county in 1827. 
The father died in August, 1875, at the ad- 
vanced age of seventy-eight years, and the 
mother in the same year, at the age of 
seventy-five years. The children of Mr. 


and Mrs. Cromwell are — Charles N., John E., | as a private in Company A, Seventy-eighth 
Granville T., Joseph W., Dewitt P., Rella, Indiana Infantry, and served three months. 
Josie and Florence. John E. is deceased, j lie was on duty in Kentucky and participated 
having been killed in a wreck near Indianap- ; in the engagement at Uuiontown, where he, 
olis on the Belt Road in November, 1882. ; with his company, was taken prisoner, but 
Being the engineer, he gave his life that he j was soon paroled and sent to Indianapolis to 
might be true to Ids cause, and thus died an ! remain until exchanged. June 13, 1800, he 
indescribable death. lie was a man of up- | was married at Greencastle to Miss Louisa 
right purposes and sterling integrity; no | Shildmyer, daughter of Henry Shildmyer, of 
purer type of goodness and manhood could j Greencastle, and they have six children — 
be found. The other four sons are also en- Anna, Emma. George Edward, Henry, Mary 
gineers by profession. Rella and Josie, two i and Agnes. All are at homo except George, 
of the daughters, arc teachers in the public ; who is engaged in orange culture in Florida. 
schools of Clay and Putnam counties. j Mr. and Airs. Bicknell are members of the 

! Christian church at Greencastle, of which lie 

~*-./|-; M :-..SY.---- ! is an elder. George Bicknell, the father of 

; our subject, was born in Philadelphia in 
JBJEORGE BICKNELL, dealer in hard-! 1790, and by avocation a farmer and black- 
'.Wj- ware and agricultural implements and j smith. lie came to this county in the fall 
«J£*l. manufacturer of wagons and buggies, j of 1S39, locating at Brunerstown, Madison 
at Greencastle, was born in Germantown, ' Township, where he carried on farming and 
Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, Febru- ; blacksinithing until 1854; then removed to 
ary is. l s 2s. He was reared a farmer, and j Stark County, Illinois, where he died in 
educated in the common schools. When j 1858. His mother, Susannah (Moore) Bick- 
eleven years of age he was brought to this ' nell, was born at Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 
county by his parents, who located in a small ! County, Pennsylvania, in 1794, and came to 
place called Brunerstown. His father being: Putnam County with her family in 1839, 
a blacksmith as well as a fanner, he taught ' She died on the homestead in Madison Town- 
the trade to his >on George, who acquired ship in 1849. Both parents were members 
it by working at night. Upon reaching his of the Baptist church. They had six chii- 
majority he engaged in blacksinithing at dren — George, our subject; Jacob, of Green- 
Brnnerstown, remaining there two years. In castle; Rachel, deceased, who married John 
1852 he came to Greencastle arid associated Morgan; Mary, wife of S. ( >. Irwin, of this 
himself with James AUspaugh, in \}n' firm county; Susannah, wife of John .Morgan, 
name of Bicknell & AUspaugh, which part- now of Knox County. Illinois, and Robert, of 
nership continued until 1854, since which Pleasanton, Iowa. Robert P. Bicknell, M. P., 
time he has been alone. He carried on grandfather of George, was born at Curry 
blacksmithinir and manufacturing carriages, , Mellett, England, in 17(>5, and immigrated 
plows, etc., until 1^7-5. when lie discontinued to the United States in 17^8. lie was a 
plow making ami commenced dealing in farm member of a stage company that ran a line 
implements. In 1886 he added a hardware of stages between New York City and Balti- 
department, and now keeps a good stock of more. He died of yellow fever in Ph'iladel- 
every thing in his line. In 1802 he enlisted . phia in 1800. The grandmother, Rachel 



Peppers, was a native of Germany, her male 
ancestors being 1 seamen. She died in Phila- 
delphia about 1832. They had two children 
—George, and Elizabeth, who married Jacob 
Green, of Philadelphia; both are deceased. 


EIMIY W. WRIGHT, tanner, section 

11, Madison Township, was born in this 
"~-I county in 1855, son of William and 
Thankful (Swinefurd) Wright. The father 
is one of the oldest living settlers now in 
Putnam County, having settled herein 1826, 
and still resides here. He reared a family of 
six children, of whom four are living -Jesse 
M., George W., Bailie Ann and Perry W. 
ZSFr. Wright owns 105 acres of land in Colo- 
rado, and has always been a farmer. lie was 
married in 1881, to Miss Lucy Brown, 
daughter of W. W. Brown, who was at one 
rime the wealthiest man in Putnam County. 
Her mother was formerly Margaret Siegler. 
Mrs. Wright was born in that county, Sep- 
tember 13, 18G0. 

ggS QUIRE J. HURST, member of the firm 
nn of Hurst Brothers, general merchants 
'■'.,-' at. Mount Meridian, was born in Green- 
castle Township ,}\u\c 4, 1851, a son of Jef- 
ferson Hurst, also of this county. He was 
reared and educated at home, and was mar- 
ried December 2, 1877, to Miss Alice Detro, 
born in Putnam County in 1857. They had 
one child— Thomas J., born March 17, 1879. 
Mrs. Hurst died November 10, 1880, and 
March 10, 1887, Mr. Hurst was married to 
Alpha McAninch, who was born in Mill 
Creek Township in 1S07. After his first 
marriage he was engaged in farming in 
Greencastle and Warren townships. Novem- 

ber 20, 1885, he came to Mount Meridian 
and embarked in the mercantile trade with 
his brother, which business he still follows. 
Mr. Hurst owns a fine farm of 115 acres in 
Greencastle Township, and is one oi' the lead- 
ing business men of the county. He also 
owns a good comfortable residence in Mount 

EXJAMIN G. WYSONG, a retired 
J farmer of Marion Township, was born 
~~^ in Virginia, March 5, lS'H, son of 
Henry and Catherine Wysong, natives of 
Virginia, and probably of English ancestry, 
lie was reared to manhood in his native State, 
and was first married December 18, 1844, to 
Miss Prances Spinkes, who wa.s born in Yir- 
j ginia, August 30, 1828, daughter of Jabez 
j and Cynthia Spinkes. Their children num- 
bered nine, of whom six survive -William 
IE, George, Benjamin F., Joseph W., Mary, 
I wife of Eber Lloyd, and Martha, wife of 
I Alonzo Smedley. superintendent of the Put- 
nam County public schools. The deceased 
are--- Sarah C, Amanda and Charles M., the 
latter having been a minister in the Method- 
ist Episcopal church, and a graduate of As- 
; bury University at Greencastle. Mrs. Wysong 
j died October 10, 18G9, and December 14, 
\ 1870, Mr. Wysong was married to Rebecca 
; Dicks, born July 4, 1823, in Mason County, 
j Kentucky, and daughter of John and Mary 
I (Patterson) Dicks, with whom she came to 
j this county when she was nine years of age. 
j Her parents located near Greencastle, where 
I they remained until their decease. They 
j were among the first settlers of that locality. 
I Mrs. Wysong was a teacher in tiie public 
I schools fourteen years, being one of the early 
i teachers of the county, Mr. Wysong came 
i to Putnam County with wife and one child 


moan, i piiioal & ketcue< 

in 1340, and lived in various portions of the 
county until he settled in his present home 
on section 4, Marion Township, where he 
owns ninety-four acres of land. Politically 
he is a Republican, and himself and wife are 

gained the rudiments of learning, and the 
rest was left to the rougher school and 
the actual discipline of life, lie had, how- 
ever, a vast fund of information, and was 
well versed in the topics of the day. He was 

members of the Methodist Episcopal church, j a clear thinker, a good reasoner, able to speak 

and write his thoughts with fluency and cor- 

gjjf 0. BRIDGES, fanner and stock-raiser, 
*M\ ' resides on section 8, Monroe Township, 
-Vi 0) where he owns 120 acres of land. He 
was born in Putnam County April 26, I860, 
son of Milton A. and Rebecca E. Brid'sres. 

i rectness, and to discuss with force and ability 
; those great themes in which men find the 
\ greatest interest, in his youth he was a 
j merchant, serving his lather as clerk in the 
i store of the latter at Fincastle. Upon ar- 
! riving at manhood he chose the pursuit of a 
j farmer and trader. March 2:2, 1855, he 
His father was reared in this county, his j married Miss Elizabeth Mclvee, and to this 
grandfather having removed here in 1824, ' union were born three children — Eftie, now 
where he remained until death. The father Mrs. Corwin; Cora, now Mrs. Lee, and 
is living in Franklin Township. Our subject Frank. Mrs. Bridges died December 10, 
passed his youthful days on a farm, and has; 18(H), and December 31, L801, Mr. Bridges 
followed the occupation „of farming so far j married Miss Nannie F. Darnall, and they 
during life. lie was married in Parke two shared the joys and sorrows of almost 
County, this .State, September 24, 1.885, to j one quarter of a century. To this union were 
Miss Lucy Elder, daughter of James and j born four children— -Charles S., Nellie 1)., 
Sarah Elder. He is a member of the Uni- ; Samuel and Flossie. After residing several 
versalist church, and also belongs to the j years near Morton, this county, Mr. [fridges 
Anti Horse Thief Association. Postoffice, ! purchased, in 18G5, a large farm about two 
Bainbridge. j miles east of Greencastle, and was there es- 

I tablished as a farmer and trader for thirteen 
.^Mg^j^H^ I y ears f n m~s$ j 1( » removed to the present 

! family home in Greencastle. During the 
Jgi|||ILLIAM BRIDGES, deceased, son of | last few years of his life His attention was 
,.\/\|'l Charles 0. and Rachel (Lockridge) j turned to large purchases and sales of stock. 
I'-^^n Bridges, was horn in Montgomery j lie and his partner, Kobert Lockridge, in a 
County, Kentucky, September 28, 1838, and I single year, shipped from this county to 
was the second of nine children. At the the Eastern markets more than 4,000 head of 
time of his birth his family were- preparing j fatted cattle. In 1882 Mr. Bridges became 
to remove to the new State of Indiana, and ' one of the organizers of he Central National 
subsequently carried out their intentions.! Bank of Greencastle, in which he was direct- 
They first settled in Montgomery County, i or and principal stockholder. In 1885 he 
and soon after removed to Putnam County, j was made vice-president of the bank, and 
The only education William received was | was re-elected a short time previous to his 
gathered from the country schools such as i death. In 1884 he was elected school trustee 
could be found in his day. In these he I for Greencastle Township. His constitution 


was vigorous and robust, and the hard labor 
he performed had developed his frame until 
lie was the picture of sturdy manhood. At 
the early age of fifty-two, in an unexpected 
day and hour, wjtli the full load of life and 
burden of society on his shoulders, he was 
suddenly summoned by that pale messenger 
that knocks with impartial call at the door of 
every man, and takes no denial at Lis en- 
trance. On Saturday, the 22d of January, 
1886, Mr. Bridges attended a meeting of 
the bank officers, in their building on the 
souihwest corner of the square. lie partici- 
pated in what was said and done, speaking 
with even more force and clearness than was 
usual. At noon, when the meeting adjourn* I, 
he was walking up the street with Mr. Love it 
and his son Charles, and when about opposite 
Mr. -Darnall's store something unusual drew 
the attention of his companions, and they 
saw that he was sick. A few moments after- 
ward lie sank: down in the street, '1; spoke 
no word. lie was assisted by those who 
were with him, and other friends, as far as 
the house of II. S. Eenick, where he was 
taken in, unconscious ot what was done. On 
the following day he was brought to his home, 
but was past the reach of help. Conscious- 
ness never returned, and in just one week he 
quietly breathed his last and entered into 
rest. The funeral, one of the largest that 
ever honored the memory of a private citi- 
zen of the county, was held in College 
Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church the fol- 
lowing Monday, Dr. J. C. liidpath officiating. 
Mr. Bridges possessed great strength and 
persistency of purpose, and whatever he de- 
termined to accomplish he set himself to 
with a steadiness and resolution rarely sur- 
passed or equaled. He was not unduly 
elated by success, but was- one to whom fail- 
ure was extremely repugnant and humiliat- 
ing. Not only had he great force of will, but 

he Mas also possessed of a broad and pro- 
found understanding. He was able to see 
the bottom of large questions, and to offer 
the best explanation and the beet remedy 

for the existing state of aiiain 


striking feature of hie character was his inde- 
pendence. He thought and acted, for the 
most part, on his own responsibility. lie 
was strongly disposed to con^nd for what he 
considered the truth, and was little con- 
cerned as to whether hit lews were or were 
not accepted by the majority. None the 
less he had no disposition to enforce his 
principles of belief upon others by appeals 
to prejudice, to interest, or to odium. 

ff?|R. WALLACE M. PURCELL, residing 
X\ 'i\ on section 5, "Washington Township, 
\~v was born at Pleasant Garden, February 
24, 1839. He was the son oi John M. and 
Adaline D. (Freeman) Furcell, both natives 
of Indiana. They resided at Pleasant Gar- 
den during their entire marrie 
lather died in 1850, aged tort; 
the mother in 1857, aged thirt 
reared four children — W all see 
Helen M. and Dove A. Brace 
in 1861, as a member of Cc u?pa 

Hie. The 
hree years, 
six. They 
, Bruce K., 
i. enlisted 


nil ed as a veteran, 
knee joint near Dal- 

Iowa Infantry, and re 
He was wounded in th 
las, Georgia, May 28, 1 864, and died from the 
effects of the injury,July 12, 1864. Jesse Pur- 
cell, grandfather of our subject, came to Put- 
nam County in the fall of 1822. locating east 
ofGreencastle. He removed to Harrison Coun- 
ty, Iowa, in 1856, where he died in 1867, at 
the age of eighty years. Thompson Free- 
man, the maternal grandfather, came to 
Pleasant Garden in 1830, where he resided 
thirty-two years, highly esteemed in ail the 
relations of life. In 1862 he removed to 


Illinois, where he died in 1882, at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-seven years. Dr. Pur- 
ee]! commenced the study of medicine at 
Pleasant Gar len in 1854, under Dr. R. 11. 
Stevenson. He took his first course of lec- 
tures at Keokuk, Iowa, in 1826-'57, and 
began practice at Crescent City, Iowa, June, 
1857, where he remained two years. In 
1860 he returned to Indiana, and 1360-'61- 
'62 attended lectures in Philadelphia, gradu- 
ating at Jefferson Medical College in 18G2. 
He immediately entered the military service 
as Acting Assistant Surgeon, and remained 
there two years. In 1864 he returned to his 
old home in Washington Township, and en- 
gaged in private practice until 1871, when 
he removed to Terre Haute, where he re- 
mained until 1878, after which he returned 
to his farm near Reelsville, in this county, 
where he now resides (1887). He has the 
finest medical library, in the county, 
and perhaps as good as any in the 
State. The doctor is not a specialist 
in any sense of the term, but considers 
that the title of "Doctor" is the highest 
and most honorable to which the medical 
man may aspire. Like many masters of his 
profession, however, he has achieved his 
greatest success in surgical practice. Among 
his many operations worthy of notice may be 
mentioned one tor extrophy of the bladder, 
drobably the only operation of the kind per- 
formed in the West. Also operations for 
stone in the bladder, cataract, abscess of the 
brain, strangulated hernia, and extirpation of ! 
the uterus. His greatest reputation, however, j 
has been made as an ovariotoinist, being ex- j 
tensively known in that connection, not only j 
in Indiana, but throughout the West. lie 
has performed fifteen operations for the re- j 
moval of ovarian tumors, twelve of them : 
being successful. November 8, 1871, he re- 
moved an ovarian tumor weighing thirty-two I 

pounds from Hiss Rachel E. Wigginton, near 
Terre Haute. This young lady became his 
wife January 1, 1873. She was born near 
Louisville, Kentucky, September 28, 1S45, 
and was the daughter of William and Nancy 
Wigginton, natives of Virginia. To this 
union there have beer, born six children Po- 
cahontas, Nellie D., Charles F., Mary P., 
Leta R. and Bertha E. 

W1ILLIAM NEWNAM, a retired farm- 

1&»$3i| er °* I^lhi. .re, was born in Rocking- 
H#r| ham County, North Carolina, May 
5, 1819, son of Edward and Anne Newnam, 
the former a native of Delaware and the hit- 
ter of North Carolina. His lather was a vol- 
unteer in the war of 1812, and as he was ready- 
to take the field peace was declared. When 
he was ten years of age lie removed with his 
parents to Pulaski County, Kentucky, where 
he was reared to manhood on a farm, and 
received a rudimentary education in the early 
log cabin school-house. To his parents were 
born eight children, of whom four are sup- 
posed to be living— Melinda, Louisa, William 
and James. William was married in Ken- 
tucky, June 6, 1844, to Miss Rachel Gasti- 
neau, who was born in Pulaski County, that 
State, August 26, 1827, a daughter of Joab 
and Sarah (Hayes) Gastineau, natives of Vir- 
ginia. Her maternal grandfather, William 
Hayes, was a Revolutionary soldier. Mr. 
and Mrs. Newnam have had seven children, 
five of whom are living -Elizabeth, wife of 
James A. Hope; Mary E., wife of Drew W. 
Allspaugh; John M„ James II., and Fannie, 
wife of William P. Ledbetter. The deceased 
are Sarah A. and Martha. John M. is a oas- 
senger conductor on the Vandalia Railroad, 
and James 11. is traveling salesman for 
Murphy, llibben & Co., wholesale dry goods 


merchants of [ndianapolis. Mr. Newnam j 1827. Mr. and Mrs. Wright have had nine 
came to this county with his wife and three ! children— Josephine ]'>., wife of II. W. 
children in 1851, locating in Marion Town- Minter, lias two children — El ma and Roy; 
s"iiip.;ii)'! has been a resident here ever since, | Franklin P. married Bediel Hunt, and their 
with tiie exception of eight years spent in children are— "William W., Essie M. and 
Hendricks County. He began life a poor j Franklin ().; Edgar A. married Lavina 
man, having made his household furniture j Blakeslee and has one child- -Fred; Omar C. 
himself to begin housekeeping with. He i married Annie Griflman; Robert is teaching 
now owns 281 acres of land, and it is con- I school near Terre Haute, this State; flattie 
coded to be one of the best farms in the ; I>. married II. C. Ilidpath and has one child 
county. Himself and wife are members of —Evert G; Julia A., attending the normal 

the Christian church, in which he has served ' at Terre Haute; Carrie M., and an infant 

l • 

as trustee, and both are respected members I deceased. Mr. Wright has held the office 
of society. Politically Mr. Xewnam atHli- ; of justice of the peace, assessor, and enrolling 
ates with the Democratic party. | officer during the late war. In politics he is 

j a Republican, tie had nothing when he 
— •«-•./• ,.; ! <- 1 ;''"-* j began life for himself, and got his first start 

I by working at the carpenter's trade. He 
;^:,i:SALo.M E. WEIGHT, firmer and | bought and sold lands before there were any 

vA- stock-raiser, resides on section 22, Floyd railroads in the county. His grandfather 
—;"""■ Township, where he owns 130 acres of j was drafted in the war of 1812 and served 
land. He was born in Union County, fndi- . three months. 
ana, October IS, 1824, son of Enoch and j 

Mary (Eggers) Wright, natives of North | «*-«|*SmJ*|«"^ 

Carolina. They came to Union County, In- ' 

diana, in 1810, where they remained until I T^FhEEY ROGERS, M. I)., of Green- 
1834, when they removed to Putnam County, I *'' Nil castle, was born in tiie vicinity of 
Indiana, and lived, thereuntil their decease, "...■' Bloomington, this State, September 29, 
the father 'lying in January, 1859, and the j 1825. He was educated at the Indiana State 
mother in August, 1878. They reared a ; University, at Bloomington, but a full course 
family of nine children. Our subject came I was interrupted by his volunteering as a sol- 
to this county in 1834, and is now on the j dier during the Mexican war. lie became a 
farm the lather had previously entered from j member of Company A, Third Indiana In- 
the Government. From 1844 until 1802 he ! fun try, under Captain John M. Sluss, and 
followed the carpenter's trade. In February, j served as Corporal. His regiment was com- 
1805, he enlisted in Company 0, One Hun- j manded by General Taylor thirteen months, 
dred and Forty-eighth Indiana Infantry, and •. and participated in the battle of Buena Vista, 
served until September of the same year, j After being discharged from the service at 
then returned home. October 14, 1849, he i New Orleans he returned to Bloomington, 
was married to Mary Chatham, daughter of where lie was employed on the Louisville, 
»!. W. and Sarah (Jones) Chatham, who came j New Albany & Chicago Railroad as civil 
to this county in January, 1841. She was | engineer. One year later he began the study 
born in Decatur County, this State. June 24, | of medicine, \u)der Drs. Maxwell and Mc- 



Pheeters, at Bioomington, remaining with I furniture house of Bubb & Ripp, of Milwan- 
thein one year. He then went to Charleston, j kee, Wisconsin, and Erastus Wilbur, a clerk 
Indiana, and studied under James S. Athon, I in the Commercial Hotel at Greencastle, 
graduating at Rush Medical College,Chicago, I Horace A. died in 1863, aged six years, and 
in the spring of 1852, after taking the pre- j two children died in infancy. Mr. Rogers is 
scribed course of lectures. In May, 1852, j a Master and Royal Arch Mason, and a 
he located at Martinsville, this State, where ' member of the lodge and chapter at Green- 
he practiced two years, then removed to j castle, lie is also a comrade of Greencastle 
Spencer, remaining until 1861. During that | Post, No. 11, G. A. U. Mrs. Rogers is a 

year he volunteered in Company II, Four- 
teenth Indiana Infantry, and when the com- 
pany was organized he was chosen First 
Lieutenant, and commissioned by Governor 
Morton. The following December he was 
commissioned Surgeon of the Fifty-ninth 
Indiana Infantry, with the rank of Major. 
He served as such until 1864, then resigned. 

ber of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

\/\j., and stock-raiser, section 29, Russell 

*^srj Township, is a native of that town- 
ship, born March IT, 1839, a son of dames 
The last two years of his army service, by ; and Eliza C. Burnside, the former born in 
virtue of his rank and acting commission, he Kentucky, in 1799, and the latter in South 
served as Brigadier Division Surgeon. In j Carolina, July 13, 1803. Theyjiad eight chil- 
December, 1864, he located at Greencastle, dren, all of whom are living, one in Illinois 
but in January, 1865, by the solicitation of | and ^cxen in Indiana. Two daughters and 
Colonel Thompson, he was called to the pro- ' our subject are unmarried 


>n the 

vost office at Terre Haute, this State, to I homestead with the father. 
examine drafted men," and served until the j was a soldier in the war of the Revolution, 
war closed. In June, 1865, he returned to serving seven years, and his grandmother 
Greencastle. and engaged in the practice of was a prisoner with the Indians during the 
his profession. From the fall of 1865 until ! same period. His paternal grandfather crave 
the summer of 1868 he was deputy revenue j efficient aid in the war of 1812, but did not 
collector for Putnam County. In politics he ; enlist. His uncle. Robert Burnside, enlisted 
is a Democrat. In 1866 he was one of the | in the war of 1812, but his lather, thinking 
incorporators of the Greencastle Street Rail- \ him too young to serve, hired a substitute to 
way, of which he became sole proprietor in J take his place. Three brothers of our suh- 
1872. In 1880 Mr. Rogers was elected cor- Meet, John, Samuel and Daniel, enlisted in 
oner of Putnam County, serving two years, [ the war of the Rebellion; John and Samuel 
and in 1882 he secured the appointment of | enlisted in the sixty days' service, and both 
president of the examining board of pensions j were captured at Iniontown, Kentucky, 
for Putnam County, and still holds that posi- [ Samuel again enlisted for three years and 
tion. February 13, 1855, he was married, served until the close of the war. Daniel 
near Connersville, Indiana, to Miss Harriet i served three months, participating in the bat- 
Barwick, daughter of Seth and Eliza J. | tie at Richmond, Kentucky, where he was 
(Darnall) Barwick. They have two living I slightly wounded in the right arm. The 
children— Ralph, a traveling salesman for the lather of our subject, dames Burnside, has 


been a member of the Associate, now United ! —Evert M., October 26, 1875. Mrs. Hurst 
Presbyterian, church over sixty years, one ( died April 26, 1877, and March 2, 1884, Mr. 
daughter and one son being members of the Hurst was married to Alice N. Albin, born in 
same church. i Jefferson Township, this county, October 22, 

! 1857, a daughter of Thorton I\ Albin. After 
,<*., : f^MS^,.,.^ — ]^ s g rg |. maiT | a g e ] ie Don ght and shipped 

' stock, following that occupation until 1880, 
ir^AMCKi. T. JONES, farmer, section 4, i when he engaged in his present business. 
VJvS\ Jefferson Township, was born in Green- j Mr. Ilnrst is the present postmaster of Mount 
^f'" castle Township, November 7, 1820, a j Meridian, having held that office several times 
son of Benjamin Junes, now deceased, lie previous to his present appointment in 1884. 
came to this townshin in 1837 with his par- ; lie owns 121 acres of land lying; in Green- 
ents, where he was reared and educated. July j castle and Warren townships. In the fall of 
28, 1802, he enlisted in Company A, Seventy- j 1886 Mr. Hurst sustained a severe loss in 
eighth Indiana. Infantry, serving until the the burning; of his residence, only partly 
following September, when he was taken covered by insurance. In the spring of 1887 
prisoner at Cniontown, Kentucky. After j he built a fine residence. In 1878 he united 
being paroled he returned to his home in with Temple Lodge. No. 17, A. F. <fe A. M., 
Putnam County, where he has since resided, j at Greencastle, and is still a member. 
Mr. Jones is a staunch Itepubliean, and has ', 

held positions of trust in his township. He «4-^+|^m~^'"»« 

was township trustee seven years and assessor 

two year.-. He received the nomination of ;ffi EOEGE W. SIJTIIEREIN. farmer and 
real-estate appraiser, but he was defeated, ].\ f* stock-dealer, resides on section 6, Jack- 
owing to the county being largely Demo- j '"?• son Township, where lie owns 870 acres 
cratic. lie is a member of the Methodist of land, tie was born In this county Sep- 
Episcopai church and is now serving as trns- tember 2, 1833, son of George and Elizabeth 
tee. He is a strong believer in prohibition. : (Miller) Sutherlin, natives of North Carol inn, 
lie has never manned, never having found j the former of Scoth-Irish descent and the 
the lady of his choice. , latter of English ancestry. They came to 

; Indiana in 1815, first settling in Grange 

"•"^^"f*!*"" | County. In 1821 they removed to this 

county, where the father died in 1841,- aged 

-T -t T ! LI J AM il I; IJST, senior member of fifty-four years, and the mother May 11, 1877, 

A 7 V ''"' '' n " u! ' *' urst brothers, general \ aged eighty-six years. They were the parents 

i^spr-J merchants, Mount Meridian, Indiana, of eleven children, five of whom are living. 

was born in Greencastle Township, April 3, George W. was the tenth child. He was 

11 7 1 O 

1848, a son of Jefferson Hurst, also of Put- reared a farmer and has always followed that 
nam County, lie was reared on a farm and occupation. lie was married, in this county 
educated in the common schools. He re- September 17, 1857, to Harriet J. Jeffries, 
mained at home until his marriage, which I who was born in this county June 2,1839, 
occurred February 5, LS74, to Martha A. and died October is, 1873. They had four 
Dorsett. To this union one child was born children- -William II.. Mary E., Mattie M. 



and Laura (). Mary E. married James M. 'associated with the Renick brothers they 
Oouslev and has one child Alma M. Mattie i were all vouna: men just starting out in life. 

William F. 1 >avis and has one j Th 

as been conduct* 

child — Alda L. Mr. Sutherlin had limited ; ously, and in their partnership of thirty years 
advantages for education, tlie school being not a l'ar has occurred to mar their longcon- 
four miles away. lie was drafted during the ' tinued friendship or affect their confidence in 
war and paid $1,000 for a substitute. In j each other. The Ronicks commenced their 
politics he is a Democrat. He is a self-made J business in Greencastle in 1851 on a site 
man and highly esteemed in his community, j that is now occupied by St. Paul's Catholic 

; Church on Washington street, and conducted 
- — «**»*:H:-n<**» I their business there over thirty-six years. 

j They have been very successful. Mr. Curtis 
^fAMES ANTHONY CURTIS, of the j has been three times married. Mis first wife 
J$fl firm of Renick A: Curtis, carriage manu- I whom lie married at St. Louis, Missouri, Sep- 
^ facturers at Greencastle, was born in j tember 15, 1857, was Miss Susan Lewds, who 
Hamilton, JJutler County, Ohio, January 15, [ died at Greencastle April 24. I860. His 
1834, sun of Andrew and Mary (Stilhvell) ! second wife, Eliza Jane O'llair, whom lie 
Curtis. His father was bom at Wallingford, \ married at the brick chapel in Putnam Coun- 
Connecticuf, in 1*02, of English ancestry. | ty, September 22, 1863, died at Greencastle 
He was a carriage-maker by, and in ; March -4, 1869. leaving two children -Alfred 
early life settled in New York Ciiy. In 1831 ! S., superintendent of the brick works at Oak 
he removed to Cincinnati, thence to Hamil- j Alley, this county, and Jennie E., still at 
ton, where he worked at his trade until 1852, home. April 4, 1n72, he was married to 
then removed to Indianapolis, where he ! Miss Selina G. O'llair, a sister of his former 
worked at carriage-making nearly thirty wife, and daughter of Captain James E. M. 
years. He died in I8S1 at the age of seven- ! O'llair, of this county. They have no children, 
ty-nino years. Politically lie was a Republi- ! They are members of the College Avenue 
can, and while living in Indianapolis held the \ Methodist Episcopal Church at Greencastle, 
office of justice of the peace twelve or fifteen ' and Mr. Curtis is a member of Temple Lodge, 
years. His mother was born in Steubenville. j No. 17, A. P. & A. M., of Greencastle. 
Ohio, in 1&18, of German ancestry. She i 

was married to Mr. Curtis at Cincinnati in j ^../^m^..:;^..*^ 

1833. She survives her husband and resides ! 

at Indianapolis. James passed his boyhood Iff ELI X O. ALP>IN, farmer aid stock- 
under the parental roof and learned the trade | T> raiser, resides on section 8, Monroe 
of carriage-maker with his lather. In 1^55 i ~~> Township, where he owns ninety-six 

o . * 

he came to Greencastle and worked as a j acres of land, lie was born in this coun- 

journeyman for the firm of G., 11. A: R. j ty December 4. 1845. son of Joseph and 

Renick. Two years later he purchased Hen- I Rosanna (Sheeks) Albin, natives v\' Kentucky 

ry Renick's interest, and the firm became and of German-English ancestry. They re- 

Renick, Curtis & Co. in 1886 Robert. IIqu- ' moved to this county in 1832 and remained 

ick retired from the firm, changing it to here until their decease. They were the parents 

Renick & Curtis. When Mr. Curtis became : of fourteen children, of whom Pelix was next 

to the youngest. His early life was passed 
at farm work. In 1802 he enlisted in Com- 
pany 0, Sixth Indiana Cavalry, and served 
until the close of the war. lie participated 
in the battle of Richmond, Kentucky, was 
all through the Atlanta campaign, the Stone- 
man raid, the battle of .Nashville, and many 
others of less importance. August 24, 1S75, 
lie was married to Miss Joann Farrow, daugh- 
ter of James R. and Catherine (Kelson) Far- 
row, who was born in this county, April 24, 
.1850. Her parents are natives of Kentucky 
and are living near Mr. nnd Mrs. Albin. To 
this union have been born two children- — 
Deloss F., born May 30, 1876, and James S., 
born May 3, iss2. IJoth are members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, nnd in poli- 
tics Mr. Albin is a Republican. His father 
was a soldier in the war of 1812, for which 
the mother received a pension. The father 
died in 1863, aged sixty-three years. Post- 
office,. Brick Chapel. 



and then began the work of clearing a farm, 
lie had only $100 when he came to Indiana, 
but at his death he was worth quite a large 
property. He died July 12, 1884, lamented 

i by all who knew him. lie was a kind and 
loving- husband and father, and an obliging 
neighbor, lie was a strictly honest man, 

j and dealt justice to all. His wife removed 
to Mill Creek Township after his death, 
where she has since made her home She 
belongs to the Society of Friends. 

— i-M -* • 

' -T"; R. SMITH, farmer, resides on section 

21, Washington Township, 
owns twenty acres of lam 

-pUJAil WALLACE, deceased, was born 
-I March 22, 1811, in Anderson Countv, 


Tennessee, son of David and Elizabeth 
Wallace, lie was reared to manhood in his 
native State, and was married there in March, 
1834, to Melvina Mauley, born October 6, 
1813, in Tennessee. Her parents were Wil- 
son and Louisa Mauley, of the same State. 
They have had eleven children, of whom ten 
are living -Amanda, wife of Leonard Shaw; 
John, James, David, Elizabeth; Louisa, wife 
of Homer W. Sandy; Nancy, wife of Samuel 
McCollum; William; Ellen, wife of Richard 
Brown, and Serelda. Mr. Wallace and fam- 
ily came to Indiana, locating first in Morgan 
County, where he lived a short time, then 
moved to what is now Hendricks County. 
He settled in the woods, built a log cabin 

where he 
he also 

J owns loS acres in another locality. He was 
'■ born in tin's county August 25, 1835, son of 
John W. and Elizabeth (Crowder) Smith, na- 
' tives of North Carolina and of German - 
j English ancestry. They came to Putnam 
I County in 1835, where the parents remained 
j until their decease, the father dying in 1885, 
i aged seventy-two years, and the mother in 
! 1876, aged sixty-three years. They reared 
; four children, two of whom are living — Am- 
j brose 11., of Parke County, this State, and 
| L. R. John W. was a soldier in the late 
I war, having enlisted in 1S01 as a member of 
I Company A, Twenty-seventh Indiana In- 
j fan try, serving three years. lie was with 
I General Ranks through all his hard-fought 
| battles, and was never injured except by fall- 
I insf from a horse. He was over forty-live 
' years old when he enlisted. Our subject 
! was married in Clay County, to Miss Louisa 
| Murphy, who was born in Clay County in 
I 1842. They had eight children— John M., 
! Florence, wife of D. F. Reel; Jennie, wife of 
| A. I), (■bene; Lucy, now Mrs. John A. Huff- 
• man: Charles S., Annie L.. Alice M. and 

Martha E. U'Agme II. 

deceased. Mi 



Smith died in 1878, and in 1881 Mr. Smith 
was married at Greencastle to Marilda, daugh- 
ter of Dr. II. P. and Mary Allen, of Bowling 
Green, who was born in this connty in 1850. 
To this union two children have been born — 
Harry J. and Frank O. Mr. Smith's educa- 
tion was limited to the subscription schools of 
his time. lie is a member of Temple Lodge, 
No. 47, A. F. & A. M., at Greencastle, and 
in politics is a Republican. When he started 
in life for himself he went in debt §350 for a 
house and lot. He worked for one man, buy- 
ing timber, handling from $20,000 to §50,000 
each year, for seventeen years, commencing 
with a salary of $600 a year, and the last ; 
year he received $1,200 and all expenses j 
paid. Postoitiee, lieelsville. 

.f^ff F. CULLY, physician and surgeon at 
"Mjl Bainbridge, was born in Newark, New 
35 * Jersey, July 4, 1S52. a sun of Mathew 
and Mary A. Gully, the former a native of 
Ireland. His father was killed in the late 
war, and bis mother died when he was six 
years old. The doctor came to this county 
from New York at the age of eight years, 
finding a home in the family of John and 
Eliza Allen, who proved true friends to him, 
and to whom he attributes in a great measure 
his success in life, as they well performed the 
part of parents toward him. The doctor 
was married in 1885 to Miss Ella F. Darnall, 
of this county, daughter of Samuel and 
Maria Darnall, pioneers of Putnam County; 
her father is deceased. Dr. and Mrs. Cully 
have one child — Lily. The doctor is a mem- 
ber (^' the Christian church, and in politics 
a Democrat. He began reading medicine 
under li. F. Stone in 1876; in 1878-'79 
attended lectures at Rush Medical College, 
Chicago, Illinois, graduating from there it; 

1880, and immediately began the practice of 
medicine in Bainbridge. He has a large and 
lucrative practice, and keeps on hand a well 
selected stock of medicine. He also has 
an excellent medical library and is a close 

neer of Putnam County, and a resi- 
Tl,^, dent of Marion Township, was born in 
Shelby County, Kentucky, April 12, 1810, 
son of John and Obedience (Scott) Stranghan, 
the former a native of Virginia and the 
latter of Kentucky. His paternal ances- 
tors were German, and his maternal ancestors 
were Scotch-English. The paternal grand- 
father, John Stranghan, was a Revolutionary 
soldier, and his son John, the father of our 
subject, was a soldier in the war of 1812. In 
1831 the parents and eight children removed 
to this connty, where he died in 1>.'}S. Our 
subject came to the county one year after 
his parents' arrival, and located in Marion 
Township, having entered eighty acres of 
land from the Government, on section 12. 
He first built a good hewed-log cabin, which 
was a little better than the average log 
cabin, for which he was called somewhat proud 
by his neighbors, lie afterward sold this land, 
and then made several removals. October 11, 
1>30, he was married to Miss Polly Brewer, 
of Kentucky, and of their six children, three 
are living— John W, Nancy J., wife of John 
W. Dunlavy, and Margaret A., wife of 
Thomas Phillips. .Mrs. Stranghan died 
March 25, 1873, and January ID. 1874, Mr. 
Stranghan was united in marriage with Mrs. 
Mary Barnard, whose first husband was the 
late Thomas Barnard, of this county. Her 
parents were Morris and Charity Woods, na- 
tives of Kcntuckv, who came to Putnam 

ins'/'our of rcr\ \m aotuvrr 

County in the fa.!! of 1851, settling in Floyd 
Township, whore they lived until their de- 
cease. They had a large family of children, 
of whom seven are living— Nancy, wife of 
Peter K. Duncan; Mary; Julia A., widow of 
John Peret, of Missouri; Jane, wife of How- 
ard Jleavin; Philip; Melvina, who married 
George 0. Nichols, and Ellen, wife of Will- 
iam Leap. Mr. and .Mrs. Straughan are mem- 
bers of the Baptist church. Mr. Straughan 
helped t<> build the first Baptist church 
in. Marion Township, and has served as dea- 
con in that church for nearly half a century. 
Upon his arrival in this county he had just 
§4 in money. A!! that he has he has earned 
by hard labor and good management: and 
he is now enjojdng the fruits of a well spent 
life. In politics he is a Democrat, and served 
as township trustee five years, lie has twice 
been elected justice of the peace, but refused 
to serve. 

medicine until i860, then began to practice 
: at Fillmore, this county. The doctor has had 
! no pecuniary assistance, having defrayed the 
I expenses of his education by teaching. In 
I August, 1862, he was commissioned Assist- 
1 ant Surgeon of the Third Indiana Infantry, 
; and in June, 1863, was promoted to Surgeon 
of the same regiment, serving until the close 
j of the war. lie was with his regiment at 
I the battle of Helena, Arkansas, the capture 
j of Little Rock, the expedition with General 
! Steele, on lied River, and the engagement at 
j Jenkins Ferry and Mark's Mill. Arkansas. 
| At the last engagement the regiment was 
1 captured by the Confederate forces, and were 
held as prisoners at ("amp Tyler. Texas, un- 
til the close of the war. He then returned 
[ to Putnam County, and in 1865 located at 
Greencastle, after having attended a full 
course of lectures at Rush Medical College, 
Chicago. lie received the adeundem de- 
| gree of M. I >. from the Long Island Hospi- 
: foil Medical College at Brooklyn, New York. 


\ 7 D., of Greencastle. was born in the 
"S-H vicinity of that city, October 31, 1836, 
tlir youngest son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth 
(Sill i Smyth, natives of Kentucky, the for- 
mer of Irish-Scotch ancestry, and the latter 
probably of Welsh origin. They were 
farmers and came to Putnam County in 1826, 
locating on land they purchased near Green- 
castle, where the father died in 1861, aged 
sixty-three years, and the mother in 1856, 
aged fifty- two years. The father was a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church, and the 
mother of the Baptist. They were the par- 
ents of nine children. The doctor was reared 
a farmer until his eighteenth year, when he 
began to attend the Asbury (now DePanw) 
University, at Greencastle, where he gradu- 
ated with the class of 1858. He then studied 

ciples and practice of medicine by the trus- 
; tees of the Central College of Physicians and 
: Surgeons, at Indianapolis, and he filled that 
place six years, and during the last year was 
! dean of the faculty. lie resigned his posi- 
I tion on account of his increasing practice 
I at Greencastle. He has beer, three times 
| marriedt. His first wife. Miss Maggie Allen, 
whom he married at Greencastle in Febru- 
i ary, 1860, died in February, 1870. She was 
a daughter of Joseph Alien. In January, 
i 1872, he married Miss Janie Frances Black, 
; daughter of Andrew Black, living near 
I Greencastle, who died in November, 1874:. 
| His third and present wife, whom he mar- 
ried in February, 1876, was Miss Jennie 
Hartley, daughter of M. Hartley, of Green- 
castle. Their three children are— Winona, 
Arta and Roxana. Airs. Smyth is a member 


of flie Presbyterian :luireh at Greencastle. 

weighed it, and told some of her neighbors 

}h\ Smyth is a Master, Royal Arch and 

that the quantity returned was short "one 

Council Mason, a member of the lodge, 

dozen.'' This was gossiped about by the 

« tpter and council of Greencastle. 

neighboring women until it reached the ears 

of the parties accused of embezzling one- 


dozen flax thread. Ambrose Bandy became 

much incensed, and threatened to sue Robin- 

Iff TIGMAS JAMES, deceased, was one of 

i '; the pic; ■■>. • ef the southern part of 

son and his wife for slander. This in turn 

enraged Robinson, who was a morose, sulky 

?p Putnam i ■;. , : y, but, through being 

and quick-tempered man. Fie became un- 

the victim »f fcj i: t ;reat crime committed 

friendly with everyone who had talked about 

in the county, his life was cut short before 

the affair of the flax thread, or whom he 

the county had a legal existence three, years. 

suspected of having friendly relations with 

Among his neighbors were James Robinson, 

the llandys. He was especially lingered at 

Ambrose Bandy, John Macy and Andrew 

James, Macy and Kilgore. A few days bo- 

Kilgore. Mr. James was living with his 

fore the commission of the crime which 

wife and three small children in a little cabin 

deprived two families of pro tecrors and made 

situated near what is now known as the 

orphans of eight little children in the lonely 

"Granny Nelson" spring, lie had entered 

frontier settlement, Mr. and Mrs. Bandy 

a quarter-section of land lying west of his 

visited at the house of Mr. James, remaining 

temporary home, and embracing the ground ! 

overnight. This, perhaps, sealed the fat ' 

now occupied by the Cloverdale cemetery. 

the latter. Robinson arose on a bright sun- 

This land was then covered thickly with huge ' 

shiny morning in April. Ivj-P and, after 

and towering walnut, poplar, sugar and ash j 

carefully loading his rifle, informed his fam- 

trei ?, and was considered one of the best lo- . 

ily that thereafter they would have to take 

cations in the surrounding country, Robin- j 

care of themselves, that he should >]^ no 

son had settled and built him a cabin on a : 

more for them, lie then left his cabin, gnu 

choice piece of land one-half mile south of 

in hand. He first went to Bandy's, evidently 

James, now owned by John Dix, and was; with the intention of making him the first 
living there with his wife and live children. ! victim, for he had previously declared that 
In that early day every article of clothing j there were several persons in the neighbor- 
worn by the settler.-; -was spun, woven and hood that he meant to destroy, referring to 
manufactured at home. Flax and tow linen j Bandy and his friends before mentioned, and 
furnished the summer wear, and it was con- j the wives of some of them. Bandy saw 
corning a trifling quantity id' flax that the him approaching, and hid behind a tree until 
quarrel arose which terminated so fatally. It : he went away. Robinson then turned his 
appears that .Robinson's wife had employed ■ attention to Macy. whose cabin stood on the 
Mrs. Eunice Bandy, wife of Ambrose Bandy, ; present site of Alexander Curry's residence 
to spin some flax. The calculating anal eco- | in Cloverdale. When Robinson approached 
nominal housewives of that time knew just ; Mr. Macy and his son James were together 
how much thread a pound of the raw mate- ; in a clearing in front of their humble dweil- 
rial would make, and after Mrs. Bandy re- ing. and the blood-thirsty assassin's heart, 
turned with the sium flax Mrs. Robinson . failed him. lie could not strike down the 



father in the presence of his little son, and 
he walked swiftly by without raising his head 
or speaking, and wended his way to the house 
of Mr. James, .lames was alone in the for- 
est, hewing puncheons to floor the house he 
was preparing to build on his own land. He 
had felled a tree by mistake a little south of 
the boundary of his land, near its southeast 
corner, and was consequently a few feet south 
of the present Mount Meridian road. The 
leaves were peeping from the bursting buds, 
birds were twittering above him in the 
branches of the tali trees, while rank vegeta- 
tion was springing from the rich soil at his 
feet. He was bowed over his work, and 
happy in building plans for the future, when 
the ringing report of a rifle ended his dream. 
The ball passed through the left arm of Mr. 
dames and through his body, lodging against 
the skin. .lames straightened up, contem- 
plated his assassin for a moment, and then 
ran with the speed of a deer to his cabin, 
about 200 yards distant. A messenger was 
dispatched to Greencastle, and in due time 
returned with Dr. Low. The young and in- 
experienced physician removed the ball, and 
then directed his efforts to healing the exter- 
nal wounds. James lingered twenty-eight 
days, and died of blood poisoning, which no 
doubt could have been obviated by skillful 
treatment. After firing the fatal shot Rob- 
inson returned home. His oldest child, a 
daughter, was at the house, caring for the 
baby, and his wife and other children were 
at work in the clearing, some distance from 
the cabin, fie reloaded his rifle, and attached 
on.; end of a string to the trigger and the 
other to the end of a peg sticking in the wall 
an the outside of the house, cocked the piece 
and placed the muzzle against his left breast, 
ove:- his heart, and by drawing it toward him 
discharged it. The ball passed through his 
heart, causing instant death. Robinson was 

; buried on his own land, and for many years 
J afterward an ignus fatuus was occasionally 
I seen of dark nights in the vicinity of his 
i grave, which gave rise to a superstitious 
| fancy among the ignorant that the spot was 
haunted. His children grew to maturity in 
the vicinity of Oloverdale, but all have 
removed. His widow remarried and reared 
a large family of children, some of whom 
and their descendants are living in Putnam 
County. The children of Mr. James were 
named — Stanfield P., William and Arthur. 
Arthur died when about twenty years of age, 
and William died September 7, 188(3. Mr. 
James was a representative type of the early 
Kentucky immigrant in Putnam County, 
lie was tall, straight and well proportioned. 
As a neighbor he was kind, hospitable and 
generous, and his untimely and tragic end 
cast a pall of gloom, sorrow and dread over 
the isolated settlement in the wilderness, of 
which the effects of like occurrences at the 
present day give no adequate conception. 

,., ■,, (a J .;n;.^i» ■« 

||g||ILLIAM C. McCORMICK, black- 
\A j:\fi smith, Pleasant Garden, was born in 

r=e?3^S Fayette County, Pennsylvania, Jan- 
uary 21, 1831, son of Moses and Elizabeth 
(Ihittermore) McCormiek,also natives of Penn- 
sylvania and of German-Scotch-Irish ancestry. 
The parents lived in Pennsylvania until their 
decease. Our subject came to this county 
in 1853, first settling in Manhattan County. 
He was married in Irs native county, in 1851, 
to Miss Elnora Landes, daughter of Samuel 
Landes, who was born in Somerset County, 
Pennsylvania, July 10, lboH. Four of their 
seven children are living — Jerome, Clark, 
Belle, wife of Dr. Stockwell, of Oloverdale, 
and George. The deceased are — Columbus, 
Frank and Eliza. M . McCormick owns 


ninety acres of land where lie resides, besides | mother of nine children, seven sons and two 
120 acres in Monroe County, this State. A!) ! daughters. She was a member of the Meth- 
his property he has made by his own hard : odist Episcopal church. She received six 
work and good management. Politically he j slaves from her father's estate, and joined 
is a Greenbacker. His father was a soldier ; her husband in freeing then!. One of them 
in the war of 1312, and participated in the ; they brought to Greencastle, and she is now 
battle of Tippecanoe. Postoflice Reelsville. ; known as Aunt Charity Townsend. When 

she was married Mr. Jones performed the 

«<-, + ^*M:-..^f.,~*» | ceremony. He was extensively and favorably 

'■ known throughout the county. 
3T?S ENJ A M I X JON ES, deceased, a pioneer I 

A ) of Putnam County, was born in Mary- i "♦^K-A^- • 

land in L780, a son of Benjamin and j 
Permelia J. (Segur) Jones. The family set- ^m^ILTON McCOIiKLE, farmer and 
tied in Maryland when it was a Colony, and | ">;'■"/ t/.d- stock-raiser, resides on section 25, 
removed to Virginia when Benjamin was ! "^l;^"- Monroe Township, where he owns 
ten years old. The mother died in Maryland 123 acres of land. He was born in 
and the father in Virginia. They had ten ' Putnam County February 19, L8o9, son of 
children, six sons and four daughter. The J Mathew S. and Margaret (Patten) McCorkle, 
father was a farmer by occupation. Benjamin : natives of Kentucky and of Scotch- Irish an- 
renioved to Kentucky in 1817, where he was j eestry. The. parents came to the county in 
married in January, 1822, to Esther Aiexan- ! 1825, and were among the first settlers. The 
cler, who was born in Rockbridge County, father had 8100, which enabled him to enter 
Virginia, in L796. Mr. Jones removed to eighty acres of land from the Government. 
Putnam County in April. 1822. and entered Three of their four children are now living-- 
land just south of Green castle, a part of the j Hannah, widow of Hiram Jones, has one 
land being platted. He resided on this farm child— Jesse; Nancy, widow of Dr. W. A. 
until 1887, and then sold out and bought the . Uillis, has two children- Charles E. and 
farm of William McCarty, which consisted William M. October 14, 1864, our subject 
of tin; southwest quarter of section 1, Jet'- l enlisted in Company B, Forty-third Indiana 
ferson Township. He lived on this farm Infantry, served ten mouths, and was dis- 
until his death, January 22, 1845. His early charged at Indianapolis. He was married 
education was limited, having attended school November 14, 1865, to Miss Louis;! Coffman, 
only about three months. He experienced! daughter of Albert and Mary A. ('Reeves) 
religion when thirty-one years of age. He Coffman, pioneers of Putnam County. Her 
was a miller by trade, and removed to Indi- father is still living, aged seventy-one years, 
ana to avoid slavery. lie was very radical The mother died in 1877, aged fifty-nine years, 
on that and on the temperance question. Mr. and Mrs. McCorkle have had no chil- 
After coming to this State he was ordained a dren. lie has always been a farmer. Ho is 
minister of the Methodist Episcopal church, a Republican in politics, and belongs to the 
and was a local preacher until his death. In Grand Army of the Republic. An uncle of 
politics he was an ( >:d Line Whig. Mrs. his lather's was a soldier in the Revolution- 
J<>i}c> died in April, 1845. She was the i ary war. His father was born in 1803, and 


died March 1, 1884. His mother was born ] 
in 1791), and died May 4, 1872. They were j 
both members of the Presbyterian church. 
Post-office, Bainbridge. 

r retired business man of Greencastle, is 

"■i supposed to have been born near Paris, 
Bourbon County, Kentucky, November 22, 
LS13, son of Joseph and Hannah (Levy) 

Men, tlie former a native of Maryland and 
of English descent; the latter was born near 
Philadelphia and of Hebrew ancestry. The 
father was accidentally killed, in 1813, while 
removing to Kentucky with his family, by 
falling from the wagon in which they were 
moving. The mother died in Paris, about 
1818. She was a member of the Presby- 
terian church. Being deprived of both par- 
cuts while still young Mr. Allen was bound 
to Samuel Pike, of Paris, with whom he 
lived until fifteen years of age, under whom 
he learned the trade of cotton spinning. In 
1827 he came to Indiana and located at 
Salem, where he worked in a cotton factory 
one year, then learned the tailor's trade, fol- 
lowing that calling until 1838. lie then 
removed to Greencastle, where he worked at 
tailoring until 1885, being a merchant tailor j 
from 1848. Politically he was formerly a 
Whig, but of later years a Republican, lie \ 
has served as member of the city council, { 
and as city treasurer several terms. Noveru- 
ber 2, 1S33, he was married at Putnamville, j 
Putnam County, to Miss Eliza -lane Mills. I 
Her father, John Mills, was a native of Mary- ; 
land and of English parentage. In an early 
day he was taken by his parents to Ohio, j 
who, with other families, removed to that ; 
State, but were subsequently driven away by | 
Indians. His father and brother were killed 

by them. They went to Pennsylvania and 
remained until peace was restored, then re- 
turned to Ohio, settling near where Cincin- 
nati now stands. The mother, Sarah (Har- 
dest)-) was also a native of Maryland, and of 
Welsh ancestry. She was also taken by her 
parents to Ohio, and was obliged to go to 
Pennsylvania to avoid the murderous sav- 
ages. While in the latter State she was mar- 
ried to John Mills, and removed with him to 
Ohio, and in 1815 they came to Indiana and 
first located at Vevay, where they lived sev- 
eral years. Mary A. Mills, the eldest daugh- 
ter, was the first child born in Madison, 
Indiana, in 181(5. They then removed to 
Charleston, where Mr. Mills erected the first 
grist-mill in that place, on the Ohio River. 
Before it was fully completed it was carried 
away by a Hood, and he lost all his posses- 
sions. He then removed to Salem, where he 
worked at the carpenter's trade until 1833, 
when they came to Putnamville, this county, 
and Mr. Mills engaged in the cabinet-maker's 
trade, which he continued until the infirmi- 
ties of old age compelled him to abandon it. 
They both died within a few days of each 
other, in 1873, while living with their chil- 
dren at Greencastle. Mrs. Allen was reared 
at Salem and educated in the private school 
of John I. Morrison, known as Morrison's 
Academy, of Salem. She removed with her 
husband to Greencastle in 1838, settling on 
Ephraim street, now College avenue, where 
they have lived fifty years. Thirteen chil- 
dren have been born to them, ten of whom 
are living — Jerome, cashier of the First Na- 
tional Bank, at Greencastle; Caroline A., 
wife of Rev. E. F. Hasty, of the Northern 
Indiana Methodist Episcopal Conference; 
William Henry, a druggist of Indianapolis; 
Albert, wholesale and retail druggist in 
Greencastle, Indiana; Alvira, wife of Rev. O. 
II. Smith, of theMissouri Methodist Episcopal 


Conference; Sarah E., who married J. L. 
Rippetoe, superintendent of schools at Con- 
nersville, this State; Joel E., a druggist of 
Greencastle; Alice, wife of James K. Hawk, 
real estate agent at San Fernando, California; 
Etta J., wife of M. M. Bovard, president of 
the university at Los Angeles, California, 
and Walter, a druggist at Greencastle. .Both 
are members of the College Avenue Method- 
ist Church. Mr. Allen is a member of Put- 
nam Lodge, No. 45, I. 0. 0. F., of Greencastle. 

rf*% TANFIELD P. .1 AMES,a pioneer of Put- 
V>\ nam County,was born in Mason County, 
"*%P Kentucky, July 19, 1819, son of Thomas 
and Harriet James, natives of Kentucky, h\ 
the fall of 1822 he removed with his parents to 
this county, who settled in Cloverdale Town- 
ship, where the father entered 160 acres of 
land, and where he met his untimely fate, as 
related elsewhere. Our subject was reared to 
manhood here, and educated in the pioneer 
schools of this county, lie has been a life- 
long farmer, with the exception of a short 
time spent in carpenter's work. He was 
married June 23, 1839, to Miss Lemira Gif- 
ford, born February 16, 1822, in Mason 
County, Kentucky, and a daughter of Elisha 
and Nancy Gilford, who came to this county 
about the year 1829, and settled in Green- 
castle Township. To this union have been 
born four children, only one surviving — Ella, 
wife of James M. Hayes, of the firm of B. F. 
Hayes & Co., clothiers, of Greencastle. The 
deceased are — Asenath, John and one that 
died in infancy. Mr. James removed to 
Fillmore in the spring of 18S5, and is now 
living a retired life. He settled in Green- 
castle Township after his marriage, and re- ! 
sided there more than fifty years, lie is a j 

self-made man, and now, with his devoted 
wife, is enjoying the fruits of a well-spent 
life of usefulness. They have been members 
of the Christian church over forty-three year-. 
In politics Mr. James is a Democrat. He 5s 
a public-spirited man, and contributes liber- 
ally to whatever will benefit the community. 

fOIIN W. McNARY, an early settler of 
Putnam County, and a resident of Fill- 
more, was born in Mason County, Keu- 
| tucky, May 4, 1814, son of John and Sarah 
McNary, the former a native of Virginia and 
the latter of Pennsylvania. His grandfather, 
William McNary, and two brothers of the 
latter, immigrated to America prior to the 
Revolutionary war. William was a soldier 
in that war, and his son John was a soldier in 
the war of 1812. The McNarvs are of Scotch- 
Irish descent. John McNary. the father oi 
our subject, removed from Virginia to Ken- 
tucky prior to the war of 1812, having en- 
listed from Mason County. He was married 
in that county , and in 1820 emigrated to 
Putnam County and settled one mile east of 
Greencastle, where he entered land from the 
Government and also purchased land. lit' 
lived there until about the year 1841, when 
he sold out and removed to Illinois, where he 
died in 1861, his wife having died in 184o. 
Their children were ten in number, of whom 
four survive— Harriet, Susan Jane, married 
John Crawford; William II. , a physician, and 
John W. He was a representative pioneer, 
and served several terms in the State Legis- 
lature. He represented this county, and also 
represented Putnam and Clay counties joint- 
ly. He served as trustee of Greencastle 
Township for a long time. He was a very 
enterprising man, and his death was a great 



loss to the community :tt large us well as to 
his immediate family. He built the first 
flat-boat at Maysville, Kentucky, and steered 
it to New Orleans himself, having on hoard 
various kinds of produce and provisions. 
Every winter, for twenty-six years, lie made 
a trip to New Orleans, down the river, 
generally carrying from GOO to 900 barrels of 
Hour at a load. John W. McNary, our sub- 
ject, was twelve years old when he came to 
Putnam County with his father, and here he 
was reared to. manhood and received a rudi- 
mentary education in the early schools of his 
time. November 8, 1838, he was married to 
Miss Sarah A. Applegate, born November 8, 
18 IS, in Mason County, Kentucky, and a 
daughter of Peter W. and Ellen (Tenness) 
Applegate. About ls;]0 she came to Putnam 
County with her parents, who were among 
the early settlers of the county. To Mr. and 
Mrs. McNary have been born six children—- 
William; Louisa, wife of James Sinclair; 
Margaret, now Mrs. William Knight; Peter, 
Harry and Charles 15., the latter having been 
a practicing physician at Fillmore. For 
several years our subject rented land. About 
the year 1845 he bought 10G| acres of 
land on sections 7 and 18, Marion Town- 
ship, upon which he settled and improved. He 
has always been a farmer with the exception 
of nine years spent at carpenter work and 
wagon making. He still owns his farm. In 
the fall of 1885 he left his farm and removed 
to Fillmore, where he bought the M. A. 
Brann drug store, which he is still conducting 
under the firm name of J. W. McNary & 
Son, the latter being postmaster of Fillmore. 
They have a good trade, which is constantly 
increasing. Mr. McNary has served as 
county commissioner nine years, and was 
president of the board eight years. He was 
trustee of Marion Township one term, being 
the first one to serve under the new law re- 

quiring one trustee. Politically he is a 

fOHN A. HUFFMAN, farmer and stock- 
raiser, resides on section 29, Washington 
"v;, Township, where he owns 168 acres of 
I excellent land. He was born in this county, 
i January 10, 1855, son of Edmond and Louisa 
j A. Huffman. He was reared a fanner, and 
has always followed that occupation, lie 
I was married in this county January IS, 1886, 
I to Miss Lucy A. Smith, daughter of L. B. 
; and Louisa Smith, pioneers of Putnam 
| County. She was born in this county, April 
! 4, 1866. Politically Mr. Huffman affiliates 
! with the Democratic party. PostofRee, Reels- 
i ville. 

OWARD E. HEN NUN was born in 
Muskingum County, Ohio, June '6, 
*^-i 1802, the son of Joseph J. Hennon, 
who was born in the same city December 1, 
I 1825. The family removed to Martin Conn - 
j ty, Indiana, in 1864, where Howard received 
| a good education in the Bedford High School. 
j He first worked in a printing office in Bedford. 
I lie came to lioachdale in 1880 and established 
i the Indiana Statesman in September, 1882. 
: This is a spicy little paper, a live sheet, up 
| to the times, has a constantly increasing cir- 
1 dilation, and is thus a good advertising 
j medium. Mr. Hennon's father was county 
j surveyor in Muskingum County, Ohio, for 
j four years, and county surveyor and deputy 
I surveyor in Martin County, Indiana, five 
j years. He married Sarah McKee, and of 
i their eight children these four are living — 
Samuel J., Maggie, Howard E. and Joshua. 
j Minerva died in December, 1886, at the age 


of twenty-eight. She was 
Bedford High Scliool, a 

a graduate of the j Ellen Matthews, daughter of Anderson B. 

tine scholar and Matthews, an early settler of 'this county. 

wrote for the Statesman. Mrs. Hennon died j He was married a second time February 21, 
July 17,1872. Her husband is a member of | 1854, to Miss Mary E. SliODtangh, burn in 
the Presbyterian church. The subject of this j Putnam Comity November 25, 1829, and 
sketch is a member of one secret order — the | daughter of Jacob and Mary (Griffin) Shop- 

Independent Order of Good Templar; 

I taugh, natives of Maryland, who settled in 

this count}" in 1828, where they lived until 

j their decease. To Mr. and Mrs. Leachman 

! have been born twelve children, ten of whom 

^Jf AMES LEACIIMAX, an early settler of ' are living — Martha A., wife of Willis N. 
j|jj Putnam County and resident of Marion Mark; William W.; Harriet A., wife of 

>sa B.; Luella; John Q. 
ie S., Alice M., Jerome 
r. Leachman settled upon 

s ! ship, where he owns 200 acres of good land. 
1 | Politically he is a Democrat. 

*fi Township, was born in Mr. on County, Walter Sellers; R 
Kentucky, April 7, 1821, son of William and A., a teacher; Ar 
Mary (Reeves) Leachman, the former a native I B., and Clara E. •' 

of Virginia and the latter of Kentucky. His | his present farm on section 18, Marion Town 
father removed to Kentucky when nine y 
of age, where he married and lived \ 
1830, when he removed to this co. nty, 
locating in Marion Township, where lie v u 
until his decease, which occurred in An^ ;;-t, 
1858. He was a kind-hearted man ;; I an 
obliging neighbor. During the spring . , .>c 
year he attended seventy-three log-rollings. 
He was twice married, and the father of ion 
children, of whom five are living- — Fame?, 
John, Mary J., George and William II. He 
served the county as commissioner, and held 
other minor offices. He was a man of pro- 
gressive ideas, and was well informed on the 
general topics of the day. James Leachman 
has been reared to manhood in this county, 
and has lived here ever since with the ex- 
ception of two years spent in California 
during the gold excitement. He received a 
rudimentary education in the early schools of 
his time, and has been a life-long farmer. 
He assisted in building the first two school- 
houses in Marion Township, also the first 
two churches in the same township. He has 

ICIIARD S. DAVIS-, farmer, section 
10, Clover lale Township, was born in 
~£\ Blount County, Tennessee, June 3, 
1829, son of Ar 'an and Keziah (Williams) 
Davis. The fath-jr was born in Ashe County, 
North Carolina, in 1800, and the mother in 
Maryland in August, 1800. The maternal 
grandfather was a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary war. The lather removed to Tennessee 
when young, and came to Putnam County in 
1831. After working land near where Clo- 
year, he went to 

verdale now stands one 
Owen County and remained three years, 
then returned to Cloverdale Township, where 
he lived until his death, which occurred 
December 4, 1880. The mother died in 
March, 1882. They were the parents of 
thirteen children — eight sons and five daugh- 
ters. They were members of the Baptist 

seen much of pioneer life, having settled here j church, of which Mr. Davis was a minister 
when the country was one vast wilderness, over fifty years. He was a Democrat in 
December 3, 1813. he was married to Miss politics, and served as trustee of Cloverdale 


Township twelve years; was also county | in the livery business at Greencastle, and so 
commissioner one term. He was a self- continued, with the exception of a short in- 
made man, his early education having been terval, until 1872, when he retired from bus- 
limited, lie was honest and upright, and iness. Lie cast his first Presidential vote for 
respected by all. Richard S. was two years Andrew Jackson, but is now a Republican. 
old when he was brought to this county by December 21, 1837, he was married to Miss 
his parents. lie was reared on the farm, Phebe 11. Flint, daughter of Erastus and 
and educated in the common schools of the Mary S. (Duel) Flint, of Philadelphia, Penn- 
county. November 18, 1*50, he was mar- sylvania, the former of English and the lat- 
ried to Mary E. Hubbard, a native of Owen ! ter of Welsh ancestry. To Mr. and Mrs. 
County, and they had two children— Par- Tennant four children have been born— 
thena A., deceased, and Albert E. Mrs. Mary Frances, who married James A. Thomp- 
Davis died' December 12, 1868. She was son, of Kentucky, died while visiting her 
a worthy woman and a member of the Chris- friends at Greencastle, in 1872, aged thirty 
tian church, in 1869 Mr. Davis was married years; Elizabeth is the wife of John D. Reid, 
to Elizabeth J. Dismukes, who was born in of York, Nebraska; John Grigg. Jr., died in 
Garrard County, Kentucky, in 1847. In infancy; Edward Flint resides at Sherman 
1851 he settled upon his present farm, which Center, Kansas. Both arc members of the 
consists 'Of i 20 'acres of good land: Mr. and Christian church, and Mr. Tennant has 
Mrs. Davis are members of the Christian served as elder in his church forty years, 
church, oi' which Mr. Davis has served as Their daughter, Mrs. Reid, is a member of 
elder about sixteen years, lie has held the the same church, as was their daughter Mary 
office of assessor four years, and is now sen- at the time of her death. Mr.Tennant's parents 
ing as justice of the peace, an office he has were members of the Mime church. His 
held three years. father, Richard S. Tennant. was born at 

: Trenton, New Jersey, of English parentage. 
— -*-'^<~:K~'~+"^' | He died at Greencastle in 18-12, aged seventy- 

seven years. His mother, Elizabeth (Cahillj 
/'7<>!IN GRIGG TENNANT, a retired | Tennant, was born in Monmouth County, 
".■■ ' j -business man of Greencastle, was born ! New Jersey, of German-Irish descent. She 
3& near the village of May's Lick, Mason died at Greencastle in I860, aged eighty-one 
County, Kentucky, February 1, 1805, where i years. 
he was reared a fanner and lived until 1830. 

in October of that year he came to Putnam fe " * * 

County and located in Greencastle Town- 
ship. In 1833 he removed to Greencastle. ^AMUEL (). PEARCY, of Franklin 
where he engaged in wool carding for a short \y^v Township, was born in Monroe Town- 
time, then embarked in the mercantile bus- h- u ship, this county. May 9, 1835, son of 
iness, as clerk for Stand; ford and Sigler, with George and Elizabeth (Osborn) Pearcy, who 
whom he afterward became associated in the settled in this county in 1840. The father 
firm name of Standeford, Sigler & Co. was born in Tennessee in 1777, and removed 
Retiring from the firm in 1842, he was vari- to Kentucky witli his parents when live 
on sly employed for two years, then engaged years old. The mother was born November 



16, 1800. The father was first married to I son died at the age of ninety-two years, aad 
Sally Walford and tlicry had twelve children, a daughter died at the age of ninety-three. 
Mrs. Pearey died and Mr. Pearey afterward Our subject has lived upon his present f<v i 
married the mother of our subject. By his since 1829— almost sixty years: he is th 
his second marriage there were six children. | only man living of all who lived in the 
Of the eighteen children, only three are liv- 1 neighborhood at that time. His only livi; 
ing — two in Franklin Township and one in I brother resides in Texas, and Ids two sisb 
("lay County, this Slate. September 21), 1 live in Illinois. Ills father was a soldie 
1859, oar subject was man led to Miss j the Revolutionary war, serving under Na- 
Martha, daughter of William and Catherine j thaniel Greene ~ix years, and came out of the 
McCorkle, of Putnam County. Her parents i war unharmed. James was married Mar< . 
had live children, four of whom arc living. . 5. 1825, to Miss Margaret Montgomery. 
Mr. and Mrs. Pea rev have had thirteen chil- 1 the time of his enaraiiement be was attending 

dren— Ann E., born Xovember 21, i860 

toney enougii to p 

Melissa J., born August 1k 1863; Mary G, ' minister and get a license. So he quit sclie ■■; 
born January 27, 1865; Otis M., deceased, j and went to work mauling rails at twenty-fiv 
born April 9, 1S07; frank A., born August cents per day until he had earned the re- 
18,1869; Lola E., born September 2, 1871; quired amount. When they went to house- 
George "W., born August 20, 1873; Letha L., j keeping they moved all their househn] 
born January 19, 1875; Linna A., born eifeets in a pack-saddle on one horse, Ins with 
March 29, 1876; Blanche, deceased, born . riding the other horse and carrying th< 
June 30, 1877; Fred M., deceased, born June clothing in her lap, while he walked and 
26, 1879; Hugh S., born September 16, 1880; drove a cow, a distance of seventy mih 
Le.xas E. , deceased, born March 19, 1883. When arriving at their new home he traded 
All that are living are at home. Samuel one of the horses for an interest in a claim, 
has resided on his present farm of 247 acre- and ivith one horse, one colt, one cow, an< 
for fifteen years. His brother Milton was a out of debt he went to work to make !.:- 
soldier in the Union army, serving all through living. It was here he paid his first tax, 5 
the war. Mr. and Mrs. Pearey are members cents. Mr. and Mrs. O'Hair had eight s< 
of the Presbyterian church. Mr. Pearey is ! and three daughters. Mrs. OTIair died 
a member of the Masonic fraternity and has August 11, 1.849, and Mr. O'Hair was agai 
taken all the degrees. ! married, his second wife being Perun li i 

Lockridge, whom he married Septemh 

wt^^t-tt^gfri, to* , — j 1852. To tin's union were born two ch 

---one sod and one daughter. March 2, 1856. 
^fAMES E.iM.O'HAlK, farmer and stock- | Mr. O'Hair was culled to mourn the loss < 

raiser, Monroe Township, was born in his second wife. He has been a widower 
jJC Kentucky, duly 5, 1804, son of Michael j thirty-one years. His children are as foil >ws 
and Elizabeth O'Hair, who were natives of — Asbury, Elsburv, Greenbury, John, Bas- 
on, Sylves- 
a. All are 
as had thir- 
lildren, and 


ma, >inn 

Virgiuia. His father was horn in 1777, and come, E 

his mother in 1784. They were the parents ter, Leroy, Robert and Pirn 

of fourteen children, only four of whom are living but three. Mr, O'Haii 

living— two sons and two daughters. One teen children, forty-nine trran 

firsroitr of nnwAu county 

three great-grandchildren, most of whom ; since which time lie has been a resident of 
meet annually to celebrate the birthday of \ Montgomery County, this State, a wagon- 
their aged sire. Mr. O'Hair east his iirst j maker and lumber dealer by occupation, and 
Presidential vote for Henry Clay and lias ; in religion a member of the Christian 
never missed a vote since that time, lie j church. When William E-, the subject of 
and all of his sons take great pride in voting ; this notice, was fifteen years of age he began 
the Republican ticket. His ^on Simpson j to learn the printer's trade, and worked as an 
served three years in the Union army during ; apprentice four years; then, in the fall of 
the late war; was taken prisoner, and like j 1880, he established the Plainfield Progress, 
thousands of others, suffered the agonies of] in Hendricks Conntv, Indiana, and afterward 
these southern prisons. He Mas in Ander- i sold out to his partner. In 1885 he pur- 
sonville prison when Lee surrendered. Mr. I chased the Eortville Journal, Hancock 
O'Hair has been a member of the Methodist j County; a year afterward he sold this out, 
Episcopal church forty years. The following went to Lakin. Kinney County, Kansas, and 
is a far simile of his Iirst tax receipt, which started the Lakin Pioneer; in seven months 
lie has in his possession: •■ Received of James j he sold this out, went to Chicago, and worked 
M. OMIair 5 cents for revenue tax for the j on the Inter-Ocean until he came to this 
year 1825 for two horses at s?5. Jane 29th, comity and established the Cloverdale II, e- 
1826. John Park, S. C. 0." When he moved j aid, purchasing the Ousette office ofW. -I. 
from the mountains of Kentucky to Indiana ■ Hood. Mr. N angle was married ^November 
he went to work with the intention of own- I 12. 1882, to Miss Mollie E. B.ivin, a native 
ing laud of his own, and by industry and , of Kentucky, born March 26, 1862. Their 
economy has succeeded in accumulating a I two children are Edwin Earle and Mary 
handsome fortune for himself, and has as- i Hazel, 
sisted his sons in procuring good farms near j 
the old homestead, where he takes great; 
pleasure in visiting them in his old aoe. 

,.j. __ n _,_. «., 

i+ - t-.Hf*- 

AMES W. RISK, of Franklin Township, 

was born in Putnam County, April 2, 

[' 1829, son of Elswic and Mary (Kitchen) 

gfAMES W. R 

CI was born in 
M' 1829, son of 

~\ "jT ILLIA \i K. NAl'OLE was born in | Risk. Both parents were natives of Ken- 
, 1/ \| Milton. Van Huron County, Iowa, j tucky, both were born in 1800, and both were 
1%""; Ap r i] 9, 186.1, a son of Israel and I of Dutch-Irish ancestry. They had six cbil- 
MaryM. (iJoggegg) N angle, father a native I dren — Ennis, Nancy, James \Y.. William. 
of Washington County, Indiana, and the | John and Martha, James and Ennis being all 
mother of Kentucky. After his marriage, i that are living. Our subject was married in 
the elder Xaugle emigrated to Van Huron j 1S5»; to Louisa Brown, daughter of Samuel 
County, iowa. entered land, and engaged in | and Polly Brown, who died in 1862. For his 
fanning. In 1861 he sob! out there and re- j second wife James married, in 1863, .Mary 
turned to Washington County. Indiana, Gather wood, daughter of Yashnire Cath- 
where he lived eight years. He then re- er wood, and they have nine children — 
moved to Ellefctsville, Monroe County, this j John 11., born April -1. 1867; Martha E., 
State, and was a vc^hh-nt there twelve years, born September ID, 1869; Leonard O., liovn 


August 4, 1872; Joseph II. , born January still living. Erauklin was reared on a farm, and 

81. 1875; Ida M.. born August 27, 187S; at the. age of twenty years began farming for 

Effa D.. bom March 28, 1880; Albert P., born himself. lie received some financial assist- 

March 10. 1882; Pearl, born May 25. 18K5; mice, which he ha? carefully managed, and is 

Sena, born November 10, l v >*'. The chil- now one of the wealthiest land owners in 

drei are all living at home, and it is an nn- Putnam County. Some of his land lies in 

usually harmonious family. Mr. Risk has Parke County. lie owns 2,300 acres alto- 

his present tarn! seventeen I gether, and besides farming is busily engaged 

= 475 acres of good land. Iiis | in grazing and selling stock. When the First 

y education was limited. If is father be- National Bank of Greencastle was organized 

oeen uvin 
\ • ars, and 

in»r in delicate health he was 

iirod to re- Mr. Nelso 

einai me 

main at home and take care of him. Mr. porators, and has since been elected one of 
Risk is a dealer in line cattle, and has now its directors, and still holds that position. 

ab«ut fifty head of as line cattle as can be Lie was al 
found in the township, lie is a member of j Greencastl 
the Masonic fraternity and belongs to Lodge j one of the 
No. 75. 

the incorporators oi the 
iid Nail Works, and is 

eetors. in politics he is a ue- 
publican, and has -served three term.- (six 

' years) as councilman of < lr> nc—ile. During 
®*~" ***> *"* j the late war, before any draft was made, he 

i sent a substitute to take his place in the 
^RAKKLLX PERRY NELSON, a farm- : Union army, and afterward contributed liber- 
K er and capitalist, a resident of Green- ally to keep the quota of Putnam County 
~~ > castle, was born in the vicinity of full. February 4, 1841, he was married to 
Mount Sterling, Montgomery County. Ken- Miss Catherine A. Hell, daughter of Captain 
tucky, February 11. 1S21, son of James Land Isaac Bell, of Clinton Township, a well-known 
Paulina (Yeates) Nelson. Iiis father was I elder of the Presbyterian church. She died 
also a native <:<'i Montgomery County, and of in Greencastle, December 0, 1809, leaving no 
Irish-English ancestry. He was a tanner by children. Mr. Nelson was again married, 
avocation and came to Putnam County with March 23, 1870, to Miss Eliza dean Bran- 
his family in 1859, settling on land in Clin- nan, daughter of James M and Eliza dean 
ton Township that he had previously entered (Alexander) Brannan, of Baltimore, Maryland, 
from the Government, He improved his of Irish-Scotch ancestry. Her father, who 
laud and lived upon it until his death, which was a retired merchant of Baltimore, died in 
occurred in I860, aged nearly sixty -five years. 1857. Her mother was a descendant of the 
Hi was a member of the Methodist Episco- Alexander family of Sterling, Scotland. Sho 
pal church, and a cla>s-leader in that church died in Baltimore in 1*07, aged fifty-two 
for many years. His mother was also a na- years. They were the parents of seven chil- 
tive of Kentucky, and of English ancestry, j drcn, four of whom are living -Thomas, an 
She died at the homestead in Putnam Coun- attorney at law at Laredo. Texas; Mrs. Nei- 
ty. in 1851, aged forty-eight years. They son, wife of our subject: George A., a man- 
had born to them fourteen children, seven \ ufacturer of New York City, and James R., 
sons and seven daughters, and all grew to ' a manufacturer at Baltimore. Mr. and Mrs. 
manhood and womanhood, twelve of them j Nelson have two children- -James Brannan 



and Eliza Jean, both students at DePanw 
University in the class of '92. The family 
are all members of the College Avenue Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. 

dIN M. BOWMAN, fanner and stock- 
raiser. Marion Township, was born in 
Preble County, Ohio, December 25, 
1835, son of Leonard and Mary M. Bowman, 
the former a native of Ohio and the latter 
of Virginia. His parents had eleven chil- 
dren, three of whom are still living— Gil- 
bert L. Martha A,, wife of William Denny, 
of Marion Township, and John M. When 
the latter was two years of age his parents 
immigrated to this county, settling in the 
dense woods of Marion Township. The 
nearest grist-mill was three miles distant. 
They endured many hardships and priva- 
tions, but with later years prosperity came. 
His father came to the county a poor man. 
but at his death he was the owner of 400 
acres of good laud. He died in 1871, and 
the mother now lives with her daughter. 
Mrs. Denny. At one time the father was 
offered *75 per acre for his land, He was 
one of the honest pioneers of Putnam County, 
was widely known, and respected by all 
who knew him. IJis word was considered 
as good as his bond, lie was very modest 
and unassuming in his nature and never 
ambitious for office. In politics he was a 
Republican. John M. Bowman has been 
reared in this county, and received a lim- 
ited education in the common vschools. lie 
was married February 24, 1804, to Miss 
Sarah J. Smith, born October 20, 1844, in 
tit is county, and a daughter of Robert L. 
and Elmina Smith, the former a native of 
Ohio and the latter of North Carolina. Her 
parents were among the early settlers of 

Putnam County. They located in Floyd 
Township, and remained there until the de- 
cease of the father, which occurred August 
30, 1885. Of thirteen children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Bowman, twelve are still living — Laura 
1., wife of Cass Broadstreet, of Putnam 
County; Linnie E., Mho married Thomas 
1 'road street, and resides in this county; Mary 
K, Luella, Charles E., Lehulda, Ollie E., 
Claude O., Mattie 0., George C, Bady E. 
and Candace A. Mr. Bowman owns 830 
acres of good land, 240 acres being in his 
home farm. Politically he alriliatcs with the 
Republican party. 

^^flCKLIEFE MASON, farmer and 
- \ / \ /'.' stock-raiser, resides on section 21, 

l^xnrrj Floyd Township, where he owns 130 
acres of land, lie was horn in Putnam 
County, September 17. 183-1, son of Ansalem 
and Alice A. (Shouse) Mason, the father a 
native of Massachusetts, of Yankee parent- 
age, and the mother a native of Kentucky, 
of Irish descent. They came to this county 
in 1827, and wore the parents of twelve chil- 
dren, eight of whom lived to maturity, and 
four are now living— two sons and two 
daughters. Wickliffe was the seventh child. 
His father died October 29, 1860, aged seven- 
ty years, and the mother died July 11, 1870, 
aged seventy years. Our subject was reared 
on the farm his father entered from the Gov- 
ernment, and lias always followed farming, 
although a cripple in the right arm since 
.November, 1849. He was married in 1850 
to Miss Nancy E. Shinn, who was born in 
this county in 1837, and died in November, 
1802. They had three children-John M., 
of Omaha, Nebraska; Theophiius L., also of 
Omaha, and "Mary A., wife of Robert L. 
Smith, of Floyd Township. November 26, 


1868. Mr. Mason was married to Rachel M. ' vomber 0, 1827. They have had six children 
Hansell, daughter of George and Mary A. P.enjamin <>.. Mary E„ Samuel II., Amcri 

Han sell, the former of whom is deceased, cus E., Thomas Paid, and Kate, now deceased. 
Mrs. Mason was horn in this county in IS-J4. Mrs. Jones is a member of the Methodist 
They have had twelve children -Ulysses T., Episcopal church. The farm consists of 
Ezra E., Floyd B., Elijah E., Luetta, George , ninety-live acres of well cultivated land. Mr. 
W., Clarane I)., Myrtle A., Tony E., Oren (>.. Jones served us trustee of the township six 
Orsa G., and an infant deceased. Mr. Mason years. 
has served as justice of the peace four years, 
was administrator of estates sever:;] times ' 
and guardian several years. He and wife 

are members of the 'Met!.., list Episcopal ; ^fRANCIS M. LEACHMAN, a resident 
church. Mr. Mason started in life without |~l of Marion Township, was bom in this 
means and worked out by the month for sev- j ,fe ^ county June 10, 183f). son of Wil- 
eral years. His early educational advantages : loughby and Elizabeth Leachman, the former 
were v^vy limited, having attended only the i a native of Virginia and the latter of Ken- 
subscription schools that were held in log tucky. Willonghb's Leachman removed 
cabins. He tauHit school by subscription, with his family from Kentucky to Putnam 
He had two brothers thai served in the late County, Indiana, about the year 1.830, and 
war; one died and the other served his time, ; settled upon the farm now owned by William 
and is now living in Kansas. Postoffice, Fill- Purcell in Marlon Township, lie lived there 
more. a short time, then removed to a farm one- 

half mile north of Fillmore, it 'being the 
~*~" (a*"* *'& farm now owned by B. F. Wysong, where he 

' reared his family and. resided many years. 
yffETER ALEXANDER JONES, a prom- He subsequently removed to Fillmore, where 
ai""^ inenf farmer, residing ou the southwest he died October 2, 18(57, his. wife surviving 
H\f quarter of section 4, Jefferson Town- him until June 26, 1*85. They wen- the 
ship, was born in Grceneastle Township, parents of four children George, who lives 
March 9, 1824, a son of Benjamin Jones, in Douglas County, Illinois; James, a resi- 
iiow deceased, and formerly of this county, dent of Mason County, Kentucky; Mary E., 
When thirteen years of age he came with wife of W. 0. Ilopwood, at Greencastle, and 

was in his seventieth 

is par 

is Daren i 

this township, where he was , Francis M. The f; 

reared on a farm and educated in the common ] year when he died. Like all pioneers lie 
schools that were taujrht i« tb< 1 old loar house endured many trials and hardships, and was 

ly known as an !t< 

of the early day. Heine always been a con- j widely and fax 
slant reader; has read the New York Tribune enterprising citizen. Perhaps no other man 
fur thirty-five year-, lie is a staunch Re- lias <\;>ni> more toward developing the re- 
publican, but was formerly a Whig; was a sources of Marion Township than did Mr. 
strong believer in the principles advocated Leachman. lie was a liberal contributor to- 
by Henry Clay. He was married January ward any enterprise that would benefit the 
2, 1848, to Julia A. Hough, who was bom at community. F. M. Leachman was reared in 
Madison, Jefferson County, this State. No- this county, and received a common-school 



education. He was married March 7, 1858, resides at home; John married Miss Etta 
to Miss Mary J. Bridges, born February Harris, of Putnam County; Margaret, Mary, 

11, 1838, in this county, and a daughter of I dune and Lizzie. Mr. Donald followed his 
Judge Moses T. Bridges, of this county. To trade until he was about twenty-iive years of 

this union have been born four children-- ; age, and then removed to America, landing 
Lizzie K., wife of James li. Newnam, who at New York, and corning direct to Warren, 
travels for Murphy. Llibben & Co., Indianap- Trumbull County. Ohio. They lived there 
olis, and they have had one child born to one year, where Mr. Donald Mas engaged in 
them, a son. Fred; Albert, Clarence and farming, then removed to Cleveland, Cuya- 
Ernest. Mr. Leach man owns lfJO acres of hoga County, living there seven years, whore 
well cultivated and well improved land, and he was engaged in the blast furnaces. He 
is conceded to be one of the best farmers in then came to Knightsville, Clay County, this 

Marion Township. Mrs. Leachman is a mem- J State, and lived there until 1876, and then 
her of the Christian church, and both are came to Putnam County and purchased his 
greatly respected by ail who know them, present farm, but followed his usual occupa- 
Politicaily Mr. Leachman affiliates with the tion about three years. Since that time 1 

Democratic party 

.,-> ^> ;ht « . • «-'-♦= 

JCIMS' DONALD, farmer and stock-raiser. 
resides on section 29, where he owns 

<"' o-;>! 

ha- engaged in. farming and lias been quite 
! successful. Himself and wife are members 
of the Presbyterian church. All they have 
has been earned by hard work and economy. 
In 1887 Mr. Donald and some friends visited 
his native country, remaining several months. 

liodA acres 

ood laud, in u high state 
of cultivation, lie was born in Ayrshire, 
Scotland. August LO, 1830, a son of James 
and Margaret (Smith) Donald. The mother 
was born in Scotland of English ancestry. 
The parents neve! - left their native country. 
They reared seven children, three of whom ; tember 
are now living- William resides in Glasgow 

fgJEORGE I). HARTMAN, farmer and 

'. stock-raiser, Franklin Township, was 

born in ttoane County, Virginia, Sep- 

17, L815, son of George and Nancy 

llartman, natives of Pennsylvania. The 

father was born in 1778, and the mother in 

and is foreman in decomposing chemicai iciwci « io uvm m l • • ■>, aim m^ mumu m 
works; 1'obert also resides in Glasgow, and 17S8. They reared ten children, four of 
is an iron puddler. Our subject was reared, j whom are living—one in California, one in 
to the occupation of engineer, and was em- Virginia, one in Iowa, and one in Indiana, 
ployed in the chemical works of a sulphuric George D. was married September 1L, 1S3S, 
acid manufactory. He was married in his to Miss Blanche Coon, and to this union 
native country in 1857 to Miss Elizabeth were born live children — Sarah A.. Charles, 
Colvin, daughter of William Colvin, who Marion, William and Bettie. All but the 
was born in Ireland, and removed to Scotland last two named are deceased. William mar- 
with her parents when quite young. They j ried Emily Montgomery, daughter of George 
had ten children, their three eldest boy? dying ! and Elizabeth Montgomery, of this county, 
in infancy. Their surviving children arc--! and they have four children — Lizzie, Chrissie, 
Ja;nes, of Clay County, this State; William ' Fred and Ella. Bettie married James F.Stnltze, 


son of William A. and Catherine Stultze, i Republican ticket since 1856. He is a mem- 
and their living children are—Ella, Thomas, her of the Masonic fraternity, and his wife is 
James and Catherine. Mrs. Ilartman died j a member of the Christian church. 
January 10, 1851, and February 10, 1853, i 

Mr. Ilartman was married to Mary J. EL in- «*^|*sK-*^+^* 

hie. and to this union were burn six children, 

three of whom are living- James. Frank and HjTOHN A.LLEE, deceased, a pioneer of 
Minnie. James married Florence Stedze; %\ Putnam County, was born in Montgom- 
Frank married Willie Adams; Minnie mar- ^ ery County, Virginia, September 2, 

ried W. S. Crogin, and their children are— 1803. One year later he removed with his 

© • ,j 

Landie and Dora. Mr. Hartman's second parents to Barren County, Kentucky, where 

wife died May 13, 1871, and January 29, they lived until the decease of the parents, 

1879, Mr. Ilartman married his third wife, which occurred when he was quite young, 
Ellen Crogan. His parents were poor, and j leaving him a penniless boy. He was reared 

therefore his early education was much neg- on a farm in Kentucky, and educated in the 

lected, and he was obliged to stay at home common schools of that State, After arriv- 

and assist in making a living for the family, ino- at a sufficient age he was employed as 

He never went to school a year in his life, overseer of a slave plantation. lie came to 
lie left Virginia at the age of twenty-three j Putnam County in 1830, purchasing section 
years and came to Franklin Township, j 16, Jefferson Township, of Ross & Lliggins. 

having only SI in his pocket on a broken He lived on this land until his death in L875. 

bank in North Carolina, lie traded that lie married Lncretia Puitt, a native of Ken- 
dollar for one bushel of oats. He landed ; tueky. Mr. Alice was a prominent man and 

October 23, 1838, with literally nothing, and a successful farmer. lie was in limited eir- 

$71.50 in debt. He now has 400 acres of cumstances when he first came to the county, 

land, well fenced and well cultivated. He He added to his first purchase until at cue 

learned the trade of wheelwright in Virginia, time he owned 1,000 acres. He was » very 

receiving S25 in money and his clothes for hard-working man, and accumulated his 

two years' work. He worked very little at property by the "sweat of his brow." lie 

the trade after coming to this State. He worked on the old National road for 50 cents 

worked at car neutering, although he never a day. He had to carry his grain by team to 

served an apprenticeship at that trade, but Lawrenceburg, on the Ohio .River, to sell, and 

being possessed of more than ordinary me- also to Cincinnati, requiring ten days to 

chanical genius, he succeeded well. He built make the trip, camping out at night. He 

several of the finest buildings in the town- usually brought back goods for merchants, 
ship. He procured a turning-lathe and turned j He was a member of the State militia, and 

out some of the best cabinet work in the Colonel for the organization vt' Putnam 

county. His house and the house of his County. Politically he was formerly a Whig, 

sons are well furnished with articles made but became a Republican upon the organ iza- 

with his own hands. He made a very bean ti- fcion of that party. His devotion to Repub- 

ftil stand, inlaid with different materials, lican principles in their broadest sense was 

worth §50, after he was seventy years old. intense, and during the war gave evidence of 

ile was reared a Democrat, but has voted the his attachment to the Union by the firm and 


decided stand he took in. its favor, lie served third year, was roared in Greencastle and re- 
as trustee of his township several years. Mrs. | ceived a common-school education. When 
Alice is living with her son on the old home- : fourteen years old he begun to work for wages 
stead. She was the mother of eight children ! in a wool -carding factory, which was owned 
— Francis M., a resident of Jefferson Town- \ by 1 is father and John S. Jennings, and 
ship; Samuel R. resides at the family home- I worked there eighteen years, lie then be- 
stead: William II.; Julia married John : came their successor, and carried on the bus- 
Yermillion, and resides in Jefferson Town- iness several years. In 1858 he was elected 
ship; Amanda, wife of A. M. Sandy, lives j sheriff of Putnam County, serving one term, 
in (Jloverdale Township: Eliza married Ben- j In 1S01 he was one of the first to offer his 
jamin (.). Jones. j services as a volunteer to suppress the Re- 

I hellion. He enlisted as a private in a com- 

w^^g*^!^^*^, pany known as the Ashury Guards, of the 

Fourte< nth Indiana Infantry, a majority of 
^fpOLONEL JO HE RILEY MAIIAN, the company being students attending Ashury 
'■{.., a retired business man of Greencastle, University at Greencastle. When the com- 
"%>'■>. was horn on a farm near Flemingsbnrg, pan ■ was organized Mr. Mahan was chosen 
Kentucky. February 7, 1824. the youngest of Captain, and was so commissioned by Gov- 
four children of Isaac and .Margaret (Knight) or.. »r Morton. Soon after, while the regi- 
Muhan, natives of Mary hind, of Scotch- Irish nun; 1 ,vas at Camp Vigo, Terre Haute, he 
and German ancestry. The father came to ; received the commission of Lieutenant-Colo- 
Ptitnam County, with his family, in 1820. ! nel of the Fourteenth Regiment, and served 
and located at Greencastle, where he was en- . i;i t 1 ' it capacity until the spring of 1862, 
traced in contracting aiul building until 1831). when i.e was taken sick with, pneumonia, and 
lie then carried on the drug business until obliged to resign his commission. During a 
1SG5, when he retired from business, and j pun. n of his service he was Chief of the 
died at Greencastle July 1,1877, while living si. ffofGeneral Lander. He returned to Green- 
with his >on, John LI., aged eighty-two years. ! castle, rue b< fore fully recovering his health, 
In p ilitics. he was formerly u Whig, but in j was induced by Governor Morton to take 
later years an ardent Republican. In 1886 ! command jf the Fifty-fifth Regiment Indiana 
ht was elected on the Whig ticket: to the Infant"; ; : ■ olonel. He took this regiment 
Lower House of the Indiana Legislature to | to the held in Kentucky, are! was in the en- 
represeot Putnam County. He also served j gagemeut at Richmond. The term of service 
as justice of the peac<: several years. The of the Fifty-iifth expiring in September of 
moth;.:- of our subject was of English-German i that year he accepted the command of Camp 
anct -fry. She married Mr. Mali an in Ken- | Morton, a1 Indianapolis, and remained in 
tueky, where they were both taken by their j charge until the spring of 1863, when, by 
parent- when children. She came to this ; order of the Governor, lie took command 
county with her family in 1826, and died at ' of Camp (arriugton, at Indianapolis. There 
Greencastle, October 20, 1872, at the resi- j he organized the One Hundred and Fifteenth, 
dence of her son, aged nearly seventy-four j One Hundred and Sixteenth,One Hundred and 
years. Both were members of the Presby- ! Seventeenth and One Hundred and Eighteenth 
teri n church, John R. Malum, from his ; Regiments, Indiana In fan try, and they, with 



a battery of artillery and a squadron of cav- 
alry, formed a brigade, with which be was 
ordered to the field, with full power of a 
Brigadier, being such by brevet, and was on 
duty in Tennessee, under Generals Burnside 
a!id Wilcox. The term of service of the 
brigade expired in the spring of 1864, and 
the Colonel closed his army career. After 
regaining his health he was engaged in gen- 
eral trading at Greencastle until 1887, when 
he retired from business. lie was married 
at G'-eeneastle in February, 1844, to Miss 
Elizabeth Grooms, daughter of Moses and 
Elizabeth (Walls) Grooms. The father was 
a native of Virginia, and of English-German 
ancestry. Tn the days of Daniel Boone he 
was taken to Kentucky by his parents, who 
settled near where Lexington now stands, 
and where his father was killed by the Indians 
in early life, lie was a shoemaker by trade, 
but in after years was a drover, purchasing 
live stock, which he drove to market at Rich- 
mond and Raleigh, lie came to Putnam 
(••unity in 1846, and located on a farm in the 
vicinity of Greencastle, but soon after removed 
to Indianapolis, where he died in 1858, aged 
sixty-seven years. The mother of 'Mrs. .Ma- 
lum was a native of .Maryland, also of English- 
German ancestiy. She was married in 
Kentucky, and died at Mount Sterling, that 
State, about 1830, aged about thirty years. 
Both were members of the 1 baptist church, 
but in later life the father became a member 
of the Christian church, and was an elder at 
the time of his death. Airs. Mahan was 
mostly reared at Lexington. After the death 
of her mother she went to live with an aunt. 
She attended the common school and com- 
pleted her education at Airs. DeForest's 
Ladies Seminary, at Lexington. In 1840 
she came to Greencastle with her brother, 
Ansel Grooms, riding the whole distance 
from Lexington on horseback. Mr. and Mrs. 

j Mahan are members of the Presbyterian 
i church at Greencastle. They have no chil- 
dren. Air. Mahan is a member of Temple 
Lodge, No. 47, A. F. & A. AL, and of Green- 
castle Bust, No. 11, G. A. R. 

| pgJALVIN HURST, farmer and stock- 
; ■ \ :' raiser, section 8»>, Marion Township, 
i %*h was born in this county December 10, 
1 1S37, son of George and Elizabeth Hurst. 
j His father was a native of Virginia, and was 
married in Indiana to Elizabeth Ilibbs. He 
! came to Putnam County with his brother, 
; David Hurst, in 1822, and entered large tracts 
j of land in Alarion, Jefferson and Mill Creek 
; townships. He settled in Jefferson Township, 
j where he remained until his death, which 
i occurred in 1865. His wife survives him, 
j and resides in Jefferson Township. They 
were the parents of eleven children, of whom 
six are living— Lurton. Isom, Jesse. Calvin, 
Marion and James. All was woods when the 
j father settled here, and lie helped to cut the 
| timber from the present site of Greencastle. 
I He endured many hardships and privations, 
! and was always industrious. He favored 
; public improvements, and was ready to lend 
\ assistance to any enterprise that would bene- 
fit the community. In his demise Putnam 
County lost one of its best citizens. He was 
a Democrat in politics, and a member of the 
Old School Baptist church. Calvin Hurst 
was reared to manhood in this county, and 
received a common-school education, such as 
the country then afforded. January 19, 1861, 
he was married to Aliss Eliza J. Hroadstreet, 
and to this union four children were born, 
two of whom are deceased. The living are 
— Jerusha M. ami Emery E. AHs. Hurst 
died October 20, 1878, and July 4, 1880, Air. 
Hurst was married to Miranda J. Chandler, 




d thei 

•ebruary 4. 18S7. 
lis present farm 

dren were 
E. The second wife diet 
Mr. Hurst settled upoi 
about 1874, and owns 218 acres of good land. 
Forty acre? lie received from his father's 
estate, and the rest lie has made himself. In \ 
politics he is a Democrat 

Viva K. and Oilie children, four living - John. Levi, Elizabeth 
and Rosanna. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley arc 
highly respected members of society. 

(t> « ,r s> 


SQUIRE A. COX, a pioneer of 

! '•■. 'i Comity and a resident of Marion Town- 

I • / * 

~-~"- [ ship, was born in Pulaski County, Ken- 

I tueky, .January 25, LS18, sen of Jacob and 

ranees Cox, natives of Virginia. Several 


>=TKSSF \\ . STANLEY, farmer and stock- I of hi paternal ancestors were soldiers in tlic 
". r I raiser. Marion Township, was born, in \ Revolutionary war, and some of his maternal 
'*-'" Wayne County, Indiana, March 23, 1.832 5 I ancestors served in the war of 1812. He is 

• .;; of Jeremiah and Jemima Stanley, the ! of English- Welsh descent, his ancestors hav 
father a native of North Carolina and the ino* immigrated to America prior to the Re\ 

dution, settling in Virgin: 

iik.iwr-1 <u j niiiMnaiiiii. m? uiuici a iiu- i onuion, tat'Liiing in '. ii^iinu. lie vva&jeared 

cestors were English. He was only two years j to manhood in his native count}*, and ro- 
of age when his father died, and six years ; eeivod a limited education in the early schools 
old when his mother died. Mis parents were ! of his time, lie was but two years old when 

early settlers of Indiana. After their de- | his mother died, and oniv fifteen when Ids 

. • " 

mise he was reared in the family of John ' father o4ed. He was thus early thrown upon his 

Kstep, his maternal grandfather, in Wayne own re ources. In the fall of 1838 he removed 

. . . . i 

County, with whom he lived until he reached ; to tins county, and for the first seven years 

lajority. He was educated in the com- i lived in Franklin Township. He then located 

........i. .,<• n;.- <;,,.,! .,.m ».;.. .-.,-.,»„>..,*-;..,, I ..„ .,,..;,. it m.. ..;,., t.„.„,],;„ -..a,,,,,,-, m. 

non schools of his time, and his occupation ' on .--. 

March j has since resided, and where he owns n good 

has been principally that of farming. 


this county, and for the first seven years 
:d in Franklin Township. He then locate 
section 11, Marion Township, where he 

<■■• i 



IJilS lltril piillClUUOJ lllHl Ol lctllUIIlg. JUIHJI ; IUIS bJ IlCU ItJSlUtJU, clUU Uilt'R' lie OWH> i! gOOU 

15, 1857, he was married to Miss Rosanna | farm of 127 acres, lie was first married 
{'aides, born in Wayne County January 14, j August 1, 1831;. to Nancy W. Iiarrah, a na- 
1833, and daughter of Curtis and Nancy j tive of Kentucky. Sac came to Putnam 
Parks, natives of Ohio. The mother died ! County with her parents in an early day. To 
when >\it> was fifteen years of age. Her this union was born one child Ourrilda P., 
father is now in his eighty-fourth year, and j now deceased. • Mrs. Cox died January 23, 
has lived upon one farm fifty-six years. Mr. j 1842, and March 28, 1844, Mr. Cox married 
and Mrs. Stanley have had six children, five I Cynthia A. Vermillion, born February 14, 
living — Miron P., William I)., John L., j 1823, a daughter of Isaiah and Tiiiitha 
Murrey C, Prank P. and Lizzie A. The Vermillion, who settled in Monroe Township 
atter died March 17, iSK7. She was the live miles north of Greencastle, in 1823 
,r^+o ,-K+* i..i,v, IT n.i-.-fo,! .-.+* P.Tt-.i.,:,. r!A,mt« "vr*..-, n,,,. ,•, .,,.„. <-i ,-, .-.m.,.4 i.wm,.. „,,<-;,,.. ,-> 

wife of John II. Girten, of Putnam County. 
Mr. Stanley settled upon his present farm on 

Mrs. Cox is now the oldest living native of 
Putnam County residing in the county. They 

Mr. Stanley settled upon Jus present farm on Putnam County residing in the county, liiey 

section 8, Marion Township, ir; the fall of j have had three children, all of whom are de- 

1865, and owns forty acres of good land. To ' ceased — Currinda. and. two that died in in- 

the parents of Mrs. Stanley were born eleven j fancy. Mr. Cox is a self-made man. All 

BlOd II A I'll W A L SKETCH MiiS. 


that he has he has made by economy, perse- | & Son; Henry Douglas, of Greencastle, ami 
verance and good management. Up has Mary Margaret, who was married October 1, 
never served us a witness for or against Ins 1873, to W. B. Kindall. Both are members 
neighbor in a law-suit, and has never served of the Missionary Baptist chnreh, and Mr. 
on the grand jury. His word is considered Van Cleave is a member of Putnam Lodge, 
as good as his bond. In polities he affiliates '■ No. 45, I. O. O. F., of which he is past 

grand. His parents, Joseph and Mary (Allen) 

with the Republican party, but lias never 
sought official positions. His wife is a 
worthy member of the Methodist Episcopal 

•.I-J-—1--M-I— : 

Van Cleave, were natives of Virginia, and 
removed to Shelby County, Kentucky, about 
church, and both are respected members of j 1810, where the hither died in L846, aged 
society. sixty-three years. His mother came t; 

Greencastle in 1858,- where she died it; L8G1, 
at the hornv of her son Jesse, aged seventy- 
two years. Both were members of the Mis- 
H TEPHEX BENNETT VA X (LEAVE, sionary Baptist church. 
:^v proprietor of the Vine street and South : 

A- End meat markets, al Greencastle, was » . . «n 

born near Shelbyville, Shelby County, Ken 
tucky, May 18, 1821. He was reared on ; 
farm and had bur limited school advantages. :~yTv. M. WRIGHT, farmer and stock-raiser, 
When in his twenty-first year he left his na- \A resides on section 27, Floyd Township, 
tive State and came to Indiana, which was "A""* where he owns 290 acres of land, lie 
then a Territory, locating at Columbus, where was born in that township May 20, 1841, son 
he engaged in farming until 1848. lie was of Martin and Leah (Chadwick) Wright, na- 
then engaged in butchering for a few years, I tives of North Carolina. They removed to 
and in 1855 came to Greencastle, where for Putnam County in 1835. where thtrs remained 
thirty- two years he has carried on butcher- until the decease of the lather. Our subject 
ing, and sixteen years of that time has occu- passed his early life on a farm and has always 
pied his Vine street market, fu the fall of j been a farmer. He was married January 3. 
1880 lie opened his' branch market at South j L865, in this county, to Miss Amanda Ghat- 
End, Greencastle. November 4, 1841, he ham, who was born in this county in Novem- 
was married, at Columbus, to Miss Elizabeth ber, 1843, a daughter of J. W. and Sarah 
Abbett, daughter of James and Nancy (Jones) Chatham, and they have had three 
(Brent) Abbett, of Newcastle, Henry County, children Uly.-ses A., Ollie A. and Birdie L. 
Kentiu wy. She was born in Newcastle, but Mr. Wright is a Uepublican in politics. Feb- 
after her eleventh year she was reared by a ruary 15, LSG3, lie enlisted in Company C, 
sister living near. Columbus, Indiana. Mr. One Hundred ami Forty-eighth Indiana In- 
and Mrs. Van Cleave have had seven children fan try, serving seven months. He was mus- 

Tiltou Alien,, of Chicago, Illinois; Albert tered out and discharged at Indianapolis. His 

Newton, who assists his father; Joseph Law- education was limited to the subscription 
son, of Greencastle; Stephen Dennett, Jr., schools of the early day, but he has good 
Charles Thomas, who is associated with his practical sense and a fund of general informa- 
fafcher under the firm name of Van Cleave fcion. He bad about forty acres of land to 


start with, and has made all the rest of his 
property by hard work and good manage- 
ment, lie has a tine house, costing §1,300. 
PostofKce, Coatesville. 

.M«>~ .+''*-»-- 

fT.\NK B. FRAKES, was horn in Lan- 
"% ; caster, South Carolina, January 6, 1810. 
-,c Her parents were Andrew and Esther 
Spratt, of Irish ancestry. They had seven 
children, only two of whom are living. Mr. 
Spratt was throe rimes married, our sub- 
ject's mother being the first wife. By his 
second marriage there was one child, and by 
the third two children. The names <A' the 
children are as follows-— Laura, James, John, 
Jane, Pinekney, Samuel, Hettie, Mary, Cath- 
erine and Pink. Mrs. Frakes lived in South 
( arolina until nineteen years of age. In 
1829 she was married to Thomas R. Frakes, 
son of Joseph and Hannah Frakes, and after 
marriage tli^-y removed to Kentucky for two 
or three years, thence to Putnam County, 
where Mrs. Frakes has lived fifty-six years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Frakes had six children-— Sam- 
uel M.,born January 22,1830; Joseph D.,born 
Jul) S, 1S32; Elizabeth, deceased, born May 
8, 1830; Phebe T., deceased, born November 
11, 1839; James Ii., born November 22, 
1841; Andrew AW. born September 3, 1840. 
Samuel married Mary Tarrow, daughter of 
Richard and Mary Tarrow, and they had t\\ elve 
children, all living in Iowa. Joseph married 
Rebecca Gilky, daughter of John and Sarah 
Gilky, and they haw one son living in St. 
Louis, Missouri. Elizabeth married William 
Jenkins, and has been dead twenty years. 
Phebe married John, son of John and Sarah 
Gilky, and died leaving four children. James 
11. married Susanna, daughter of William 
and Ann Wolverton, and they have twelve 

children; they are living in Missouri. Charles 

married Catherine, daughter of Harrison and 

Paulina Allen, and. they have four children; 

they live in Monroe Township. Mrs. Frakes 

j has twenty-three grandchildren and twenty - 

I one great-grandchildren. Her early educa- 

| tional advantages were very limited, but she 

| has given her children the best advantages 

I possible for her to do. Mr. Frakes died 

! April 20, 1853. Mrs. Frakes and most of 

I her children are members of the Methodist 

| Episcopal church. 

HTlMTiEX LATHAM, fanner and stock- 

C -. X X\ raiser, section 10. Madison Township, 
| ^- owns 102 acres of land in a good state 

of cultivation. 1U: was born in Madison 
| Township September 3, 1830. son of Jesse 

and Sarah (Cole) Latham, pioneers of this 
I county. The family earns..- to Indiana in 1820, 
| settling on F.el River, Clay County, where 

they remained one year; thence to this county, 
; win o the parents lived until their decease. 
| The father died August 10, 1878, aged 

eighty-six years, and the mother in 1805, 
j aged sixty-four years. They were the parents 
1 of ten children, seven of whom are living — 

Matthew, of Washington Territory; Marga- 
! ret Carpenter; Rebecca Helton; William, of 
! this county; John, of Missouri; Elizabeth 
j Lineingburger, of Illinois, and Stephen. The 
I latter was married in this county in 1857 to 
i Miss Elizabeth Heady, daughter of Emri and 
| Elizabeth (Slavens) Heady, a native of this 
! county, and they have had seven children, of 
| whom six are living — Sarah E., wife of The- 
i odore Key, of Putnam County; John W., 
' also of this county; Mary 13., James A., 
! Eiia, Asa and one that died in infancy. Mr. 
j Latham commenced life with nothing but a 


horse and saddle, but being industrious and Kentucky. Joel Shields lost his father by 
a good manager, has been successful. Post- j death when only seven years of age, and 
office, Greencastle. i being the oldest of the family of three chil- 

| dren remained at home to assume the great 
res])onsibility of the care of the family. His 

rpJDWARD W. SHIELDS, farmer and 
1 T-/! stock-raiser, Marion Township, was born 
"^S "• in tliis county November 13, L840. son 

brother, William Shields, had served as sur- 
veyor and recorder of Putnam County for 
many years. In the death of Mr. Shields 
Putnam < 'ounty lost one of her most useful 
of Joe! and Mary (Snoddy) Shields, [lis I citizens. Edward W. Shields, the subject .of 
father emigrated to Owen County, this State, j this sketch, was reared to manhood in this 
in 1820, and remained there until 1839. j county, and received a common school odu- 
ili- parents were married January, 1840. ; cation. He was married October 1. 1879, to 
They then removed to Putnam County. Joel ; Miss Phoebe M. Tharp, who was a native of 
Shields settled with his family on section 25, ; Iowa, and reared in Indiana. She -lied March 
Marioii Township, where he entered a piece | 8,1881, From his twenty-first to his twenty - 
of land and also purchased land, lie had j sixth year Mr. Shields was in very poor 
about 320 acres, situated in a dense' 1 -forest. \ health, which at one time was thought serious; 
Some rime previous to his removal here he j but during the last few years he lias been 
brought seven men from Owen County and ; much improved, lie oAvns 570 acres of good 
thev cleared thirty acres of timber, and nut land in Putnam County. lie isamemberol 

the Christian church, and in politics a tie- 
publican, lie has been succes: ful as a farmer, 
and resides on section 21. 

up what was then called a shanty. A neigh- 
bor had previously set out one and one-quarter 
acre- of tree.- for an orchard. Like all pio- 
neers he endured hardships and privations. 

He was the father of live children, of whom ' ^..,. v ^,_: M i_^ ( ,.^ 

four survive Edward W., Mary A., wife of I 

George II. Johnson, of Hendricks County; |1pLEXANDER DANIEL, retired farmer, 
Amanda M., wife of John S. Hunter, of this : .(A resides on section 28, Floyd Township, 
county, and John J., of Clark ('ounty, Kan- ; ^r" where he own.- 170 aero of laud. lie 
sas. Susan T. is deceased. The father died j was born in North Carolina October 22, 1820, 
December 23, LS07, aged sixty-seven years. ! son of Cuthbert and Catherine (Eller) Daniel, 
In politics he was a Republican, and before j the former a native of Virginia and of Welsh 
the war a Whig. He was an honest, hard . ancestry, the latter a native of North Caro- 
working pioneer, and respected by all who lina and of German ancestry. They removed 
knew him. John Snoddy, the maternal to this county in L838, where they passed 
grandfather of our subject, was a soldier in most of their ,ives. His mother died when 
the Revolutionary war. Feigns and Abner he was quite young. I lis early life was 
Snoddy. son of John Snoddy, wore soldiers passed on a farm and he has always followed 
in the war of 1 S 1"J. The Shields family are the occupation of a farmer, lie was married 
of Scotch-Irish descent, and immigrated to in this -county in l s !'» to Emma J. Randall, 
America previous to the Revolution, settling who wn born in Putnam County in L82-A, 
in Virginia. Thev subsequently removed to i daughter of \\ illiam and Nancy (McKey- 



nolds) Randall, pioneers of this county. 
Three of their six children are living — Mary 
M., wife of George Higgins, of Missouri; 
Nancy, wife of Cyrus Phillips, of La Fayette, 
TippCcanoe County, Indiana, and Thomas M., 
who married Josie Evans, of this county. 
Mrs. Daniel died in I860, and in 18G6 Mr. 
Daniel married Mary A. Higgins, who was 
born in Hendricks County, Indiana, January 
2, 1830, daughter of Thomas and Nancy 
Higgins, pioneers of Hendricks County and 
formerly residents of Kentucky. To this 
union two children have been horn — Joseph 
A. and Alilian. Mr. Daniel is a Republican 
in politics, and has served two years as town- 
ship trustee. He is a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, and his wife and 
daughter belong to the Christian church. 
He started in life poor and has made all of 
his property himself. Postoffice, Fillmore. 

USENET BO WEN a pioneer of Marion 
^M Township, was born in Mecklenburg 
*°kM County, Virginia, February 17, 1818, 
son of Richard and Elizabeth Bo wen, also na- 
tives of Virginia. His paternal ancestors came 
from England previous to the Revolutionary 
war. His grandfather, James Bowen, was a 
a Revolutionary soldier, and was present at 
the capture of the British army under Lord 
Cornwallis. When he was eighteen years of 
age he came to Putnam County with his 
parents, who settled on section 33, Marion 
Township, where the mother died in 1801. 
The father survived a few years longer. 
They were the parents of eight children, of 
whom five are living — Dabney, of Piatt 
County, Missouri; Sarah, wife of John Kearns, 
of Buchanan County, Missouri; Charles, re- 
siling in Wisconsin; James, of Pendleton 
County, Kentucky; Wesley, of this county, 

and Henry. Richard Bowen was among the 
early pioneers of Marion Township, and like 
other settlers had to undergo many hardships. 
He was a member of the Baptist church, and 
in politics a Republican. He was widely 
known, and respected by all who knew him. 
November 23, 1843, Henry was married to 
Rachel Hibbs, who was born April 24, 1824, 
in Tennessee, and daughter of Samuel and 
Rosa Ilibbs, with "whom she came to Putnam 
County in an early day. Her parents were 
among the pioneers of the county. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bowen have had eight children, six sur- 
viving— -William J., Nancy," wife of S. P. 
Vaughn, Samuel, Henry Clay, Thomas W. 
and Daniel S. Mr. Bowen settled upon his 
present farm on section 29, Marion Township, 
in 1844. lie owns a good farm of 250 acres 
of land, and has been fairly successful. He 
is a self-educated man, not having attended 
school more than six months in his life. He 
possesses a large fund of general information, 
and is well versed in the general topics of the 
day. He is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and is at present serving 
as trustee and steward of that church; has 
also bee?i class-leader. In politics he is a 
Republican, and has served as school director 
with satisfaction. 

RANCIS M. ALLEE, son of John and 
ipl Lucretia (Puitt) Allee, and a prominent 
^F fanner of Jefferson Township, was born 
in that township November 5, 1839. He 
was reared on the farm, and educated in 
the common schools of the county, and also 
at Greencastle. He remained at home until 
his marriage, November 17, 1860, with Sa- 
rah E. Sandy, born in Owen County, this 
State, March 4, 1845, a daughter of William 
B. Sandy. After his marriage he followed 


farming, and still continues that occupation. ■ 1865; Alfred, deceased, born February 19, 
He also gives considerable attention to stock- 1807; Mary, born February 19, 1870, died 
raising. When he commenced he had LOO March 31, 1870. Mrs, Pickel died November 
acres of land given him by his father. He 14, 1870. June 14. 1871, Mr. Pickel was 
lias since added to that until he new lias 000 ! married to Miss Sophia J. McFerrin, daughter 
acres of well cultivated land, and good, com- j of Richard and Mary McP'errin, who was 
fortable buildings. He is a Republican in poll- | born in Montgomery County, Indiana, Octo- 
tics, casting-his first vote for Abraham Lincoln ber 30, L845. To this union two children 
in 1800, being twenty-one years of age the ! were born— John A., born May 5, 1872, and 
day before the election. lie served four years I Lina M., born May 5. 1875. Georo-e W. 
as trustee of his township, and has held I married .Matilda C, daughter of Eli and 
other positions of trust. Mr. and Mrs. Al- j Mary Anderson, and they have one child — 

lee have had eiu'hfc children -Lueretfa F., ! Nellie: Marcus A. married li 


William IF., Juliette F., Sarah Jen aette, ter of Willis and Nancy Dawson, and they 
Lizzie It., Amanda M., Herbert 8. and ' >aisy | have one child Glenn; Susan M. married 

M. Lucretia, William and Lizzie ai 

>s W 

»f I )a 

II. and Mary Hillis, 

ceased. Mr. Alice joined the Masonic j and they have one child— Fred P. Mr. 
fraternity in 1859, and is a member of Clo- j PiekePs early education was limited, having 
verdale Lodtre, No. 322. attended school only sixteen months in his 

life. The school was held in an old log 
school-house, with clapboard roof, puncheon 
! floor, no glass in windows, slab seats and 
fClfc -'• PICKEL, a leading lumber mer- j slab writing-desks. lie worked as far as 
'i kyV; chant of Carpentersvillc, came to Put- j long division, in Sn . i-ev's old arithmetic. In 
^,;~ Q1 nam County when a young man and I his boyhood days, after coming to Indiana, 
started in the lumber business, in which he ''■ Mr. Pickel worked for a man named John- 
is still engaged,. He was born in Davidson | son, near Brick Chapel, this county, with the 
County, North Carolina. October 10, 1830, I understanding that he was to occupy his 
soii of George II. and Susanna (Haines) I evenings in study: and it was duo to this 
Pickel, the former bom in 1800 and the lat- \ training, in a large degree, that Mr. Pickel 
ter in 1812. They had five children — Alex- j is aide to carry on Lis lamely increasing 

*' | •' 0,0 

ander II., Alpha, Catherine, Marcus, and ■ business. He lias one of the largest lumber 
George A., deceased. The father of our sub- \ yards and mills in the county, and ships, ad- 
ject died about 1850. In 1.S51 his mother ! nually, over 100 carloads of hard lumber. 
again married and had four more children, j When the civil war broke out, Mr. Pickel 
Mr. Pickel, our subject, was married Septem- | espoused the Union cause, and in 1802 he 
ber 5, 1854, in North Carolina, to Mary : enlisted in Company B, Fifty-fourth Indiana 
C, daughter of George and Mary Knouse, j Infantry, serving fifteen months. He was 
who was born August 31, 1880. Her par- j in the battles of Haines' Bluff, Mississippi, 
ents had seven children, she being the young- | and Arkansas Post, Arkansas. He was dis- 
est. Mr. and 1>lv>. Pickel had five children ! charged December 8, 1803. by expiration of 
—George W., born July 8, 1S00; Marcus A., term of enlistment. In 1865 he re-enlisted, 
born April 2, 1803; Susan M.. born April 27, j serving live months in the Eleventh Indiana 



Volunteer Infantry, and was discharged at 
Baltimore. He served as justice of the peace 
eight year?, and town trustee three terms. 
He is a member of Hie Odd Fellows frater- 
nity, and has been deputy department grand 
master of his lodge. He has been a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church for seven- 
teen years. In polities Mr. Pi ckel is a Re- 
publican, and has been from the organization 
of the party. 

/fffAMES C. It EAT, farmer and stock-raiser 
M of Marion Township, was born in Picka- 
^t way County, Ohio. December 2, 1834, 
son of Hugh and Margaret Heat. His father 
was a native of Frederick County, Maryland. 
and removed to Ohio in an early day. His 
mother was horn in Berkeley County, Vir- 
ginia, and also emigrated to Ohio in an earlv 
day. His maternal grandfather, Nicholas 
Weitzel, was a Revolutionary soldier, and 
his father was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
In the tail of 1840 he cause to this county 
with his parents, who settled on section 32, 
Marion Township, having purchased 280 acres 
of iand. The father remained there until 
about 1863, in which year he removed to 
Greencastle, where he died in 1864. His 
wife died in 1872. They were the parents of 
ten children, of whom seven are living- -John 
N., of Kansas; George W., of Illinois; Eliza- 
beth J., wife of Philip Amerman, of Green- 
castle; Mary, wife of James Wells, of 
Greencastle; James C, Robert L., living at 
Charleston, Illinois; Rev. Austin H., pastor 
of the Methodist Episcopal church at Tusco- 
la, Illinois, and Charlotte, who is deceased. 
The father was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and in politics a Repub- 
lican. He was widely and favorably known, 
and his death was a great Joss to the com- 

munity. Our subject was reared to manhood 
in this county, and lias been a life-long former, 
receiving a common school education. March 
18, 1874, he was married to Miss Mary Wells, 
daughter of Joseph and Mary Wells, early 
settlers of Marion Township, having come 
from Preble County, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Peat 
have had four children, two of whom are liv- 
ing-Arthur L. and Amy I. He located on 
his present farm, section 33, Marion Town- 
ship, in 1874, and has been a resident there 
ever since. He owns 160 acres of excellent 
land. He is one of the trustees of the Method- 
ist Episcopal church at .Mount Meridian, of 
which he is a member. In politics he is a 
Republican. August 9, 1802, he enlisted in 
Coles County, Illinois, in Company C, One 
Hundred and Twenty- third Illinois Infantry, 
and subsequently became a member of Gen- 
eral Wilder's Mounted Infantry, with which 
brigade he remained until the war closed. 
He was honorably discharged July 5. 1805, 
at Springfield, Illinois. He participated in 
the battles of Perry ville,< 'hiekamauga, Milton, 
Kenesaw Mountain, Dallas, siege of Atlanta, 
Selma and numerous others of minor im- 
portance. After the war he returned to his 
home in Putnam County, Indiana. 

fOUN S. MILLMAN, firmer, and dealer 
in furs, formerly hatter, resides on sec- 
»-.\- tion 20, Floyd Township, where he owns 
242 acres of laud. He was born in Cadiz, 
Harrison County, Ohio, April 10, 1822, a 
son of John and Barbara (Shelea) Millman, 
the former a native of Virginia and the 
latter of Maryland. He enlisted in the war 
of the Rebellion, August 15, 1802, and was 
assigned to Company G, Ninety-ninth Indi- 
ana Infantry, and served two years and ten 
months. He participated in many noted bat- 


ties, and at one time was under fire from the : George A. and Martha K. Fuqua, also pio- 
6th of May until the last day of August. neers of this count} 7 , where she was born 
He was engaged in the battles at Savannah, ' September 28, 1859. They have one child — 
Vicksburg, Jackson, Lookout Moimtaiu, j Johnnie V. Mr. Wells purchased forty acres 
Chattanooga, Missionary Ridge, and with of land from his father, who died in 1881, 
Sherman on his famous march to the sea, lamented! by all who knew hint, lie was a 
and the battle of Goidsboro, being in every \ kind father and an indulgent husband. Will- 
battle in which his regiment was engaged, : iam A. is meeting with good success in 
as well as some when he was on detached farming, and is a promising young man. 
deity. After his discharge he returned to | Postoffice, Greencastle. 
more peaceful pursuits, and has been quite 

successful in all Ids. (Operations. He has : ^^■...^ < \.,:^.^- 

probably purchased more furs than all the 

other dealers in the county. Mr. Milkman j ^ USAJS M. ' J< HI NSOX was bom ir 
was married in Floyd Township, January 10, ; &^yj Tennessee in 1*25, daughter of Elijah 
1845, to Mary E. Lewis, who was born in 1820. ! ^p and Folly Yeates, who were born in 
They ha've had three children — Tamar, Mont- ! Kentucky, \\c\- father was bom in 1798, 
gomery M. and George K., the latter being and her mother in 17 ,s . She was married 
deceased. Montgomery is in business with January 29, 18-12, to Anderson Johnson, son 
his father, but pays special attention to buy- | of Thomas Johnson, of this county. Of 
ing and shipping cattle. Mrs. Millmaifs j their seven children six are living William 
mother. Charlotte (Bright) Lewis, was a na- M., Albert W. } Samuel E., Charles Y., Marion 
five ef New Jersey, of English ancestry, and ; M. and Martha A. William M. married 
claimed to be a descendant of the famous ! Mollie Ireland, a daughter of John Ireland, 
navigator, Sir Francis Drake. In politics I and they have live children — Blanche, jSTellie, 
Mr. Millman is a Republican. lie has lived , Ella, Charles and Franklin. Charles married 
in Floyd Township fifty years, and all his Anna Reeves, daughter of Stacy Reeve-, and 
voting and working of roads has been done they have one child — lames Anderson. Ma- 
in this township. He has never missed an rion married Florence Thompson, and they 
election except when he was in the army. live at Cridgeton, Parke County, this State. 

| Martini, married Walter, son oi James Titus, 

^. I1 :.: )i ;,. t .» + . — 'and they have two children- [Tarry and 

Flora; they live in Petersburg, Virginia, 
y-rTlLLIAM A.WELLS, firmer, resides j Mr. Johnson died in 1859. lie was killed 
\l \P on section 12, Madison Township, by the cars at Cloverdale, and only lived five 
r~x,^-j where he owns seventy-three acres of hours after the accident occurred. lie was 
land. He was born on this farm October born in North Carolina. His parents had 
is. 1861, son of Peter and Nieey Wells, | nine children who lived to the age of twenty- 
who were pioneers of Putnam County. The i five years. The country was thinly settled 
parents reared twelve children, six of whom : when Mr. and Mrs. Johnson settled here, but 
are living. Our subject has been reared a : there were no improvements. Mr. Johnson's 
farmer, lie was married in this county in mother cooked the dinner for the men that 
1S83 to Miss Eliza Fuqua, daughter of! raised the first building in the now lovelv 


city of Greencastle. Mrs. Johnson has been I 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church I 
twenty-seven years. She owns 100 acres of 
land. I 

WgMLLIAM PURSELL, one of the old- 
wjwl est living settlers residing in his 

IT^r? locality, is a native of Bourbon 
County, Kentucky, where he was born July 
1, 1815, son of Thomas and Melinda Pursell, 
natives of Virginia. His father was of Eng- 
lish descent, and a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary war, having settled in Kentucky previous 
to that war. In 1823 he removed with his 
family to Putnam County, Indiana, locating 
in Floyd. Township, where he passed the 
remainder of his days. His death occurred 
about the year 1827. He was the father of 
five children, two of whom are living — 
William and Mary A. He was a public- 
spirited man, and ready to assist any enter- 
prise that would benefit the community. 
Politically he affiliated with the Democratic 
party. William, the subject of this sketch, 
was reared to manhood in this county, and 
has been a life-long farmer. He was married 
October 0, 1830, to Miss Zerelda Moss, daugh- 
ter of Israel Moss, an early settler of this 
county. To this union eight children have 
been born — Elizabeth, who married Reuben 
Arnold; Sallie A., who became the wife of 
James Arnold; Melinda M., now Mrs. Joseph 
C. Butler; Frances, wife of William Arnold; 
Charles, William; Lydia, who married Elijah 
Wilkinson, and Emma, wife of George Gowin. 
William Pursell located upon his present 
farm, which is situated in the western portion 
of Marion Township, about twenty-seven 
years ago, and has resided there ever since. 
He owns 183 acres of excellent land, all in a 
#ood state of cultivation. He is a self-made 

man, having acquired his property by hard 
labor and good management, lie is a worthy 
and consistent member of the Christian 
church, of which he has served as deacon. 
Politically lie is a Democrat, and has served 
creditably as school director. He was afflicted 
by the loss of his wife November 27, 1880. 
Among all the pioneers of Putnam County 
no one is more highly esteemed than is Mr. 

ANIEL M. HEEL was born in Mont- 
gomery County, Ohio, October 25, 
^gf 1825, and in June, 1820, his parents 
brought him to this county, where he was 
reared on a farm until he was fourteen years 
of age. John Keel, the father of Daniel, 
built a carding- machine and leased it to an 
Englishman, William Heaps, who operated 
it for two years. He carded wool and manu- 
factured cloth. lie then sold it to William 
Neese. Daniel worked in the mill for some 
time. He was married November 28, 1844, 
to Miss Rachel A. McElroy, who was born in 
Muskingum County, Ohio, in 1827. She was 
brought to Putnam County by her parents, 
where she was reared and educated. Her father, 
William McElroy, was born in America, but 
his parents were Irish. Her mother was 
born in Pennsylvania, and her parents were 
Pennsylvania Dutch. Mr. and Mrs. Reel 
have four children— Lawrence D., Daniel 
F., Mollie and Charles 1). The deceased are 
— William, Francis, J. R., James and John 
A. Reelsville was platted by John Reel, the 
father of our subject, and was laid out by 
the county surveyor, William Shields, now 
deceased. Mr. Reels erected the first build- 
ing before it was laid out, and after that he 
built another dwelling and a store-house. The 
latter is now being used as a store by G. M. 



Poster. The next building was a Iiou.^e that 
has .since been taken down and removed by 
Edward Huffman. Mr. John Reel was born 
iii Virginia, and was partly raared in that 
State. He subsequently removed to Mont- 
gomery County. Ohio, where he was married, 
and lived there until be came U> this county, 
dune 14. 1826, with his wife and four chil- 
dren. He located on the east side of Walnut 
Fork of the Eel River, .about a quarter of a 
mile cast of Reelsville, but feeling that that 
side of the river was unhealthy, he built on 
the opposite side, on the same site where his 
son Daniel now lives, and the house he built 
is still standing and is n<v<\ for a store-room 
by his son. hi tills house John Reel breathed 
his las., and he lies buried in the Reelsville 
cemetery, the land being donated by him. 
John and his brother, Henry Reel, now of 
Harrison County, Iowa, at one time built a 
keel-boat and loaded it with various supplies 
of meat, flour, meal and whisky, and started 
down the Ohio River, thence down the Mis- 
sissippi River, and up the Arkansas to Little 
Rock, where they sold their supplies and also 
their boat. They bought a mule, which they 
loaded with guns and provisions, and started 
on their return trip for home on the .Miami 
River, whence they had started. They came 
across the Wabash, near where Vincennes 
now is, and struck the Eel River near Howl- 
ing Green, and coming up the stream they 
found James A they, a white man, and stayed 
over night with him. lie selected the site 
for a mill where Reelsville. now is. It was 
in the fall of 1824, and they passed through 
this part of Putnam County, and in June, 
1826, John Reel brought his family here. In 
.November of the following year he built a 
log mill and commenced to grind corn about, 
the middle, of the month, lie had one run 
of burrs, made of boulders, called u nigger 
heads," and these run the mil! for about ten 

years, lie then built a frame mill, 50x54 
feet, and three run of stone, which was swept 
away by a Hood in August, 1*75. At that 
time the mill was owned by Daniel Reel. 
John Reel was the father of eleven children, 
of whom four are living Daniel, John A., 
Joseph H. and Elizabeth. His wife was 
formerly Sarah Reason, who was born in 
South Carolina, and when a child, in 1808, 
emigrated to .Montgomery County, Ohio, 
with her parents, where she was reared and 
married. She survived her husband two 
years. During the war of 1812 John ran 
away to join the army. lie carried his gun 
and swam the Miami River in order to ac- 
complish his purpose. The money that was 
paid him for his services was afterward used 
in Putnam County. He paid *75 of this 
money to buy a skillet that could iu>vc be 
purchased for 50 cents. 

fo£ si stan t cashier of the Central National 
"v''- Bank, of Greencastle, is the oldest of 
four children of William and Nannie F. (Dar- 
nall) Bridges, and was hern at Morton, this 
county. November 9, 1862. When he was 
two years of age his parents removed to 
within two miles of Greencastle, settling on 
a farm/, and in 1879 they became residents of 
Greencaslle. During that year Charles en- 
tered Asbury University, graduating with the 
class of '83. lie was then engaged in the 
live stock business with his father until L884, 
when he accepted the position of assistant 
cashier of the Centra! National Rank, at 
Greencastle. In 1885 he was chosen trustee 
of Greencastle Township, to iill the vacancy 
occasioned by the death of his father. Feb- 
ruary 10, 18*0, he was married at Cisco, 
Illinois, to Miss Flora Manlove, daughter of 


David Man love (deceased) and Mrs. Margaret j books with which to prosecute his studies. 
(Alexander) Minson, of Cisco. She graduated j He was married in Floyd Township, October 
at DePauw University with the class of '85. | 29,1850, to Miss Ilnhama, daughter of Mar- 
They have one son, born in March, 1887. Mr. j tin and Mary (Cartright) Wright, who was 
Bridges is a member of the Universalist | born in Liberty, Union County, Indiana, May 
church of Greencastle, and belongs to the 8, 1850. To this union were born twelve 
College fraternity Phi Delta Theta. i children, five of whom are now living— 

I Ann Eliza, Catherine, Nelson II., Al- 
K^-^g^gn f ,^ ta ,.»„ , j bert P. and Lee O. Amanda E., Robert 

i J.)., Florence, Malinda A. and Rosa Belle are 

fOKlAS II. ROBINSON, M. D., of Floyd | deceased, and two children died in infancy. 
Township, was born in Washington I In 1851-'52 Mr. Robinson attended the In- 
i Comity, Virginia, July 28, 1825, son of • diana Central Medical College, which was 
James Robinson, who was born in Virginia ; the medical department of Asbury Univer- 
in 1799, and Lavinia (Hopkins) Robinson, a ! sity. In the fall of 1852 he began practice in 
native of the same State. His parents re- Effingham County. Illinois, where he re- 
moved to this county in 1831, when he was mained six years, being instrumental in lay- 
but six years old. They had eleven children ing out the town of .Mason in that county, 
-—Joanna (deceased), Abijah, Josias II., An- which is now a thriving village. In 1858 
derson M.,Cassandra, Clotilda (deceased), Juli- he removed to his early home, exchanging 
ana Evaline (deceased),.] ane,Lawson (deceased) property and practice with Dr. William 
and James. His father was a school-teacher by ! Mathews, and has since been a resident prac- 
occupation, and many good citizens of this j ticing physician of Floyd Township, residing 
county received all the education they ever on section 27. where he carries on farming in 
acquired from him. He followed teaching I connection with his profession. In 1875 he 
until his death, which occurred in April, j attended the Indiana Medical College, of In- 
1847. The doctor was not '* born with a j dianapolis, where he graduated. . In 1858 lie 
silver spoon in his mouth." He went to was nominated on the Democratic ticket as 
school until he was ten years old, and after joint Representative of Effingham and Fay- 
that, until he was fourteen years old, he I ette counties, Illinois, which he declined, 
went to school in winter and worked at farm- He also received a nomination for Represent- 
ing in the summer. He then worked j ative from the Republicans of Putnam Conn- 
out as a farm hand, working for So a j ty, which he did not accept. Politically he 
month until his twenty-third year the last j has always been a J effersonian Democrat, and 
six years at the nursery business. The first j on the breaking out of the civil war became 
three years he worked for Reuben Ragan, of a firm supporter of the Government. Dnr- 
Marion Township, this comity, and the last | ing the war he was commissioned several 
three for Aaron Aldridge, of Indianapolis. | times by Governor Morton to visit the army 
During the time he was at Indianapolis he j to aid the medical department. He was made 
devoted all Jus spare time to the study of i a Mason in 1853, in Effingham County, and 
medicine, under the guidance and instruc- has idled every office in the lodge, with the 
tion of Dr. William Mathews, of Floyd j exception of master. Religiously he he- 
Township, who generously lent him the lieves in a common origin and des- 

moan, iphical skbi vubs. 


tiny for the human family- - 4 * the Fatherhood 
of God and Brotherhood of Man," gen- 
erally known as Universalism. It is a 
common acknowledgment that the doctor 
has one of the most logical minds in 
Putnam County, and to-day stands in the 
front rank of its physicians. lie is genial 
and courteous, and his door is ever open to 
friend and stranger alike, being hospitable 
and generous to a fault. 

.TVc'Cli II. DO BBS, a pioneer of Putnam 
p"V County, was born in East Tennessee 
*4. i May 11, 1815, a son of Joel and Sarah j 
Dobbs, natives also of Tennessee, of Scotch- j 
Irish descent. His ancestors came to Amer- 
ica prior to the Revolutionary war. In the 
fall of 1829 Joel Dobbs came to Putnam 
County with his family and entered, eighty 
acres of land in Marion Township, on section 
33, now owned by J. C. Real. He first 
erected a cabin, principally of beech poles, 
16x18 feet, in which to shelter his family. I 
He resided in this county but a short time, 
removing to Mill Creek Township, Morgan 
County (now Putnam). In the fall of 1837 ; 
lie went to Missouri, where he passed the 
remainder of his days. He had a large fam- 
ily of children, of whom the following are 
known to be living-- II ugh II.. Russell L, 
Bethina P.. who married William LI. Parker; 
Anderson E., Fidell II., William, Archibald j 
L., Orlena, Sal lie, Melinda, Mary and Annie. ! 
lie was twice married, and the nine first 
named were the children of his first wife. 
Our subject was in his fifteenth year when 
he came to Putnam County, and here he was \ 
(•eared and was educated in the pioneer 
schools of his time. He settled on the farm 
where he now lives on section oo, Marion j 
Township, in 1856, and now own© 276 acres I 

of good land. lie was married .May 1, 1831, 
to Lucy A. Hurst, a daughter of Jesse and 
Nancy Hurst, and to this union were born 
twelve children, nine of whom are living — 
Sadie, wife of William McCammock; Joel, 
Nancy J., wife of Samuel J. Bird: Bethena, 
wife of William II. Hicks; Orlena, wife of 
M. L. Puis; Martha, wife of William II. 
Hector; Elizabeth, wife of J. K. Burgess- 
Mary, wife of Milo Skelton, and Lucy 
A., wife of M. F. Dosett. The deceased 
are— Cynthia, David II. and George W. 
Mrs. Lucy A. Dobbs died July 13, 1875, 
aged sixty-three years, four months, and after 
a married life of forty-one year.- and two 
months. She joined the regular Baptist 
church at Mill Creek the fifth Sunday meet- 
ing in 1872. She was a kind and loving- 
wife and mother, and an obliging neighbor. 
February 21, 1876, Mr. Dobbs married Cyn- 
thia A. Skelton, daughter of John Skelton. 
In politics Mr. Dobbs is a Democrat, He 
lias served a short time as justice of the 
peace. He is a member of the regular Bap- 
tist, church, dating his experience back to 
1860, but was baptized on Sunday, May 16, 
1886, by Elder J. Whitluck. 

ILLIAM DILLS, teamster, resides 
i/.V/| ° n section 11, Madison Township, 
{ Jp*r\ where he owns loo acres of land, 
besides over 400 acres in other places. He 
was born in Shelby County, < >hio, August 
19, 1810, son of John and Agnes (Moreiand) 
Dills, natives of Kentucky. The father came 
to this county when William was three years 
of age. He reared six children, of whom two 
are living -Watson P. and Caroline. Will- 
iam was reared a farmer, and has always fol- 
lowed that occupation. in 1S67 he was 
married to Miss Serena, daughter of Nelson 


and Millie Woods, natives of Kentucky. She 
was born in this county in 18-1(5, her parents 
being early settlers of the county. They had 
six children, four of whom are living — Otho 
C, Walter S., Charles E., Laura (deceased), 
Alonzo and an infant. Mr. Dills is a Demo- 
crat in polities, fie had eighty acres of land 
to start with in life, besides a little stock. 
He has been very successful, and is univer- 
sally respected. 

TLLIAM F. BROWN, member of the 
\\l\\' firm of Maze & Brown, proprietors 
~~~'-j~~ of the steam saw-mill at Cloverdale, 
was born in Garrard County, Kentucky, Au- 
gust 10, L838, a son of Thomas L. and Eliza- 
beth (Burroughs) Brown. J I is father was 
bum in Virginia in 1802 in Culpeper County, 
close to Culpeper Court-House, and went 
with his parents to Kentucky, where he was 
married, and where his parents died. lie 
was reared on the farm, ami removed to Put- 
nam County, settling in Greencastle Town- 
ship, where he lived live years. lie then 
removed to Washington Township, where he 
still resides. The mother died in Cloverdale 
Township in the fall of 1877. She was born 
in 1802, and was the mother of seven chil- 
dren, four of whom were boys. She was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
William F. came with his parents to this 
county when fifteen years of age, receiving a 
common school education. lie was reared a 
farmer, and remained at home until twenty- 
eight years of age, when he engaged in farm- 
ing for himself, in Tazewell County, Illinois, 
locating there in 1803. Jn the fall of 1835 
he returned to Putnam County and resumed 
farming in Washington Township. In 1873 
he removed to Cloverdale Township, where 
he followed farming until 1882, then went to 

j Kansas and remained until the following 
1 spring. Later, he returned to this county 
and formed a partnership with David ll. 
Maze and engaged in his present business- 
sawing and dealing in hard-wood lumber. In 
\ politics Mr. l>rown is a Democrat and has 
; held local offices. lie is a member of San- 
; ders Lodge, No. 307, I. O. O. F., at Clover- 
I dale, lie was married November 24, 1864, 
| to Mary Burroughs, born in Mercer County, 
! Kentucky, June 24, 1843, and to this union 
! three children were born — Sarah E., Martha I. 
I and John W. Mrs. Brown died October 24, 
i 1875, a worthy member of the Baptist church. 
: Mr. Brown was again married, his second 
wife being Lovina J. Cristenbery, whom he 
I married November 23, 1870. She was born 
j in this county July 27, 1834, and died No- 
j vember 2 ( J, 1882, in Kansas. She was a 
> member of the Baptist church. Besides his 
j mill property Mr. Brown owns village prop- 
I erty. He became a member of the Baptist 
,; church in 1852. He commenced life for 
: himself a poor man, and r.ll he has he has 
| earned by industry and good management. 

m, EWIS II. STEWART, farmer and stock - 

;;! : U? dealer, resides on section 8, Jackson 

%^ Township, where he owns 244 acres of 

good land, lie was born in this county 

.March 12, 1827, a son of Levi Stewart. His 

grandfather, also named Levi, was among the 

J first settlers of Putnam County. His mother, 

; Abigail (Powel) Stewart, was born in Georgia 

| of German ancestry. Her father lived to be 

! 100 years old. He killed deer after he was 

| seventy years old. He entered 1,5U0 acres of 

| land in the county, and when ninety-six years 

| of age he went from Wisconsin to Missouri 

j to visit his youngest son. who lived in Davis 

| County, that State. One of his daughters is 



living in Topeka, Kansas, and is ninety-two 
years of age. The parents of our subject 
reared eleven children, of whom he is next 
to the oldest. His father died in 1847, aged 
forty-seven years. His mother is still living 
and is seventy-nine years of age. He was 
married November 16, 18-18, to Elizabeth 
Gillen, daughter of Willis and MeKnda 
(Combs) Gillen, who were early settlers of 
Franklin Township and are now deceased. 
Their children are — Aaron C, who married 
Lillie l>. Keightley, daughter of A. T. 
Keightley, who died, leaving one child — 
Lillie l'>; Melinda M., who married Isaac E. 
Weddle of Roachdale, has four children — 
Maggie, .Bertha, Elizabeth F. and Leona; Cloe 
and Ettie, who are living. The deceased are 
— Lewis. .Julia A., Melissa, Willis, John, 
Ottie, and two infants. Mr. Stewart has been 
a member of the Odd Fellows fraternity 
twenty-seven years. lie is a member of the 
regular Baptist church. He was never sued, 
and never sued but one man in his life. 

IPtOX. JAMES DENNY, deceased, was 
if;.)) born near Shakertown. Mercer County, 
Tglf Indiana, March 17. 1798. Early in the 
year 1813 he removed with his father's 
family to near Charleston, Clarke County, 
Indiana Territory. Later during that year 
he was a school-teacher at [m lienor's Station, 
in Washington County, and while engaged at 
that place, the last Indian raid in Southern 
Indiana was made a few miles away, in con- 
sequence of which the school was tempora- 
rily dismissed. After a short residence in 
Clarke County, his father became a citizen 
of Washington County. For several years 
James was engaged in teaching. Jn 1*19 he 
whs commissioned by Jonathan Jennings, then 

Governor of the State, 


j Ninth Indiana Militia. In 1*20 he was com- 
j missioned surveyor of Washington County 
for five years. About the close of the year 
1818 he went as a flat-boatman down the 
river to New Orleans, where he was present, 
January 8, 1819, at the celebration of the 
fourth anniversary of the battle of New 
Orleans. On his return from that trip, he 
went on foot, along the Jackson trace 
through the Indian Nation. During the 
eight years following he made seven trips to 
New Orleans in charge of flat-boats. I hiring 
tin's boating experience Mr. Denny did not 
become demoralized, as is usually the case 
with young men in similar experiences. In 
1827 he removed to Putnam County, locating 
on land he had purchased in 1821, six miles 
east of Greencastie. In 1836 he married 
.Mary Denny, and to them were born the 
following children — William M., born Au- 
gust 19, 1831, living in Main Township, 
married Martha A. Bowman in July. 1857; 
Robert B., born August 2, 1836, was mar- 
ried in November, 1S5S, to Sarah F. Cox, 
who died in September, 1859. leaving one 
child — Sarah F. ; was married again in Feb- 
ruary, 1862, to Miss Cynthia Wright, and to 
them has been born one child, now deceased; 
the third son, -lames Thomas, was bom June 
20, 1841; Samuel Henry was born dune 8, 
1845, and married in April, 1S73, to Sarah 
A. McDonald; Elans McCord was born July 
13, 1848, married Mary J. Willis in Septem- 
ber, 1872, and they have had born to them 
three sons, named Charles A., James II. and 
Samuel W. After his marriage Mr. Denny 
made a permanent location on his land in 
Putnam County, and began his career as a 
pioneer farmer. In 1829 he was commis- 
sioned Captain in the Sixteenth Regiment, 
Indiana Militia. In 1830 he was elected to 
the office of justice of the peace. He also 
served in the Indiana Legislature. After the 



adoption of the new Constitution he was 
elected one of the first hoard of county com- 
missioners, serving three years. On the ex- 
piration of his term he was re-elected, hut 
resigned during the term. In addition to 
these public trusts he surveyed several of 
the prominent lines of road in Central and 
Southern Indiana, besides various town sites, 
and was frequently appealed to for aid in the 
settlement of business disputes, He was 
peculiarly a self-made man, and the artificer 
of his own fortunes. 1 Living but the mea- 
ger opportunity of the common school of a 
pioneer country in his childhood, we find 
him early in life a school-teacher. Not con- 
tent with this, as he was able to he bought 
books, and without the aid of teachers he j 
mastered their principles, and in time he- | 
came a fair English scholar. By the loss of \ 
his patrimony through an unfortunate in- j 
vestment, he was thrown entirely upon his 
own resources, and while never inclined to ! 
enter into speculation, yet by the result of ! 
frugality arid industry he was enabled to ac- 
quire a competency. In politics Mr. Denny I 
was originally a Whig, with ana-slavery j 
sympathies: but after the final disruption of i 
that party, and upon the formation of the ! 
Republican party, he attached himself to that 
party and continued with it until the day of I 
his death. The principles of the Republi- j 
can party upon the subject of slavery in the j 
Territories agreed with the views he had long ; 
entertained; but while his principles were j 
clearly defined and earnestly maintained, his 
justice, integrity, and strictly non-partisan j 
administration of official trusts, always se- j 
cured for him warm friends and supporters I 
in the ranks of his political opponents. He \ 
always accepted official positions with reluc- j 
tance, preferring the quiet and independent j 
life of the farmer, and the peace and com- ■ 
fort of his own fireside, to the responsihili- | 

ties and cares of office, however honorable 
and dignified it might be, but when he did 
accept these position.-, he strove to do his 
duty to the utmost, and regarded the ap- 
proval and confidence of his fellow citizens 
his best reward. In his religious views he 
was broad and liberal, lie was a firm be- 
liever in divine revelation, and contributed 
liberally to any cause that was helpful to 
real piety and sound morals. lie gave to 
all church organizations in his vicinity, while 
feeling himself unable to fully accept and 
embrace any of their creeds, and remained 
outside the church till the close of his life, 
and although unconnected with any branch 
of the church, his moral character was sin- 
gularly pure; even when a young man and 
exposed to demoralizing influences, his prin- 
ciples served to keep his course straight-for- 
ward and honorable. His most distinguishing 
characteristic may be said to have been his 
simple and unaffected candor and sin- 
cerity, his great conscientiousness, and 
his devotion to his duty; and to these 
must be added his modest distrust of his 
own abilities, and a constant sense of his 
lack of a liberal education which was denied 
to him by the circumstances of his early life, 
but which he strove to secure for his children. 
The system of free common schools found in 
him an earnest advocate, and lie looked for- 
ward to its successful work in raising the 
standard of education among all classes as 
the best and safest means of maintaining free 
institutions. He was a worthy representative 
of thatnoble class of noble pioneers of Indiana, 
usually of limited educational acquirements, 
but of sound judgment and earnest devotion to 
the general welfare, who labored both wisely 
and well in public positions and in private 
stations to lay broad and firm the founda- 
tions of the Commonwealth, and to build 
thereon her perpetual prosperity and renown. 



After a well spent and busy life, Mr. Denny 
died at his residence in Putnam County, 
.November 9, 1875, in his seventy-eighth 
year. Two days later lie was buried at 
Stilesville, Hendricks County. His widow 
still survives. James Denny is a descendant 
of David Denny, a young Irishman, who 
emigrated from the North of Ireland about 
the year 1740, and on arriving in America, 
settled in Berks County, Pennsylvania, where 
he was married to Margaret Denny. They 
reared a family, among whom was Robert, 
born in 1753, the father of our subject. 
William, born in 174-8, was the father of 
Mrs. James Denny, and .John, the grand- 
father of the present mayor of Indianapolis, 
Indiana. Prior to the Revolutionary war 
David Denny removed with his family to the 
Virginia Colony, and located near Winches- 
ter. Robert was there married in 1778 to 
Rachel, daughter of Morris Thomas, who 
was of Welsh origin. Several children were 
born to Robert and Rachel before their re- 
moval to the Territory of Kentucky, which 
occurred probably in 1790, when they settled 
in Mercer County. They reared a family of 
eleven children, James Denny, the subject of 
rhis sketch, being next to the youngest. Ra- 
chel Denny died at their Kentucky home in 
1808, Robert surviving until 1826, when he 
died in Washington County. Indiana, where 
he was making his home with his children. 

^'vi)| Hon. James Denny, was born in Putnam , 
W County June 20, 1811, where he was j 
reared to manhood, and received a thorough i 
English education. He began teaching school j 
in 1858, an occupation he followed about tit- j 
teen years. Since that time he has been | 
principally engaged in farming. He was mar- I 

ried, November 10, 1804, to Miss Virginia 
Sechman, daughter of Benjamin Sechman, of 
Putnam County. To this union was born 
one daughter — Mary B. In February, 1SG5, 
Mr. Denny enlisted in Company K, One 
Hundred and Forty-eighth Indiana Infantry, 
and operated principally at Columbia and 
Pulaski, Tennessee, being on guard duty. He 
was discharged September 8, 1805. In 1880 
he was appointed census enumerator of Ma- 
rion Township by the Government. In 1873 
he was elected one of the directors of the 
Indianapolis, Greeucastle & Wabash Turn- 
pike Road, and has been re-elected annually 
up to the present time. He has also served 
as secretary of the company about twelve 
years. In politics he is a Republican. The 
fuller of Mrs. Mary Denny was a soldier in 
the Revolutionary war. 

ERRY L. HUBBARD, farmer, section 
11, Cloverdale Township, was horn in 
^C Owen County. Indiana, September L8, 
1845, son of William and Sarah (Vest) 
Hubbard, natives of Kentucky, the father 
born in Garrard County, May 22, 1793, 
and the mother born April 7. 1803. They 
were married September 29, 1840, and to them 
were horn two children, of whom Perry L. is 
the only one living. They came to Indiana 
the year of their marriage, locating in Owen 
County, where they lived until the fall of 
1871, then removed to Putnam County, and 
settled in Cloverdale Township. The father 
died May 25, 1871, and the mother is making 
her home with her son, Perry L. Both 
parents were members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. < >ur subject was reared on a 
farm, and in his youth received the benefits 
of the common schools of his neighborhood. 
When he was four years ol<3 he went with his 



parents to visit his grandparents in Kentucky. 
making the journey in a two-horse wagon, 
and there for the first time in his life saw a 
negro. November?, 1801, he enlisted in the 
Eight Indiana Light Battery, and served his 
country until January 25, 1805, when he re- 
turned home and participated in the capture 
of several deserters and a regular band of 
guerrillas from the United States army, who 
were creating much uneasiness in his neigh- 
borhood. His company was assigned to the 
A rmy of the. ( )hio, and also to the A rmy of the 
Cumberland, serving under Buell, Rosecrans 
and Thomas. He participated in the battles of 
Pittsburg, April 7, 1862; Perryville, October 
8, 1862; Stone River, January 1, 1863; 
Chickamauga, September 18, 19, 20, 1863, 
and Lookout Mountain, lie was detailed 
with others and attached to the Eighteenth 
Indiana Battery, and took part in most of the 
general engagements from Rocky Face Mount- 
ain, Dalton, Resaca, to Chattahooehie River. 
There his battery was sent on a raid with 
General McCook's cavalry division to the 
rear of Atlanta, and in an engagement near 
Jonesboro the battery was surrounded, but 
cut their way out with the loss of a large 
number of men and two pieces of artillery. 
Mr. Hubbard took part in other battles and 
skirmishes. He was detailed and sent on a 
gun-boat down the Tennessee River to inter- 
cept Hood at Mussel Creek Shoals, and while 
on the nun-boat was under fire once at De- 
catur, Alabama, in November, 1864. After 
receiving his discharge at Chattanooga, Ten- 
nessee, he returned to his home in Owen 
County, and engaged in farming. He was 
married in Owen County, March 31, 1807, 
to Melinda M. White, born in Mercer County, 
Kentucky, September 27, 1817, a daughter 
of Burr and Lucinda (Salter) White, also 
natives of Kentucky. They came to Putnam 
County, Indiana, in 1851, locating near 

■ Putnamville in Warren Township, where the 
J mother died in 1856. The father afterward 
j removed to Sullivan County, where he died 
i June 10, 1879. They were the parents of ten 
J children, three sons and seven daughters. 
i Both parents were members of the Methodist 
J Episcopal church. Mr. and Mrs. Hubbard had 
; one daughter, named Ella May, who is now 
i deceased. Mr. Hubbard settled on his present 
i farm in November, 1871, where he owns 155 
j acres of land and has a comfortable residence 
i and farm buildings. He is a comrade of 
| Cloverdale Post, No. 422, G. A. P., in 
I which he holds the position of post com- 
: mander. He took a prominent part in the or- 
' ganization of the post, and was one of its 
charter members. During the summer of 
1886 he attended the National Encampment 
! at San Francisco, and also visited Sacramento, 
i Los Angeles and other portions of the State 
i of California. 

I > -H -w 

fOHN T. FYFFE was born August 25, 
1812, in Mason County, Kentucky. He 
was of Virginia parentage. His father 
died when he was but ten years of age, 
leaving the mother with five small chil- 
dren to face the realities of life as they 
might come to them. The mother was a 
woman of superior judgment and great piety, 
and no doubt her good example and counsel 
had much influence in shaping the course 
and character of her son. Many times in his 
later years has the writer heard the deceased 
speak of the admonitions of his mother, 
showing that even in his declining years they 
had lost none of their power for good. His 
father dying when he was a mere child, and 
he being the eldest of the. brothers, early be- 
gan the battle of life. For several years he 
worked on a flat boat on the Mississippi River. 


Passing over many years of his young man- 
hood we find him immigrating to Indiana in 
1841. By dint of energy and economy he 
»vas able to bring a small amount of money 
with him. In after years he succeeded in 
amassing a handsome competency and pro- 
viding well for his children, although we are 
not aware that he craved riches for the sake 
of possessing them. In 1844 he married 
Armilda Allen, who, together with five chil- 
dren, survives him. One of the children, the 
eldest son, an invalid, resides in Southern 
California. Two of the sons live in Kansas. 
The daughter lives in Missouri, while the 
younger son lives with his mother. A num- 
ber of vears ago Mr. Fyffe, being thrown 
from a horse, met with a very severe accident, 
causing a lameness from which he never en- 
tirely recovered. He succeeded in acquiring 
a very good education in the ordinary 
branches of learning. He wrote a good hand 
and took a great interest in and derived much 
pleasure from corresponding with his chil- 
dren and relatives. I heard his daughter 
say that she had received a letter or postal 
from him, when well, once every two weeks 
for twenty-one years. " Uncle John," as he 
was called, was a great favorite with chil- 
dren. This is, I deem it, one of the greatest 
eulogies that can be pronounced upon any 
one, because children are quick to discern 
and ready to correctly estimate the real char- 
acter of those with whom they are brought 
in contact. Mr. Fyffe was a kind and oblig- 
ing neighbor. He went often to see the 
sick, and always had a word of encourage- 
ment and hope to offer. His example was 
good, being temperate in all things, and his 
advice, if followed, would lead to a well-or- 
dered life. Truly, it may be said, he will be 
missed in our midst. He was sick some 
three weeks before his death, and although at 
first his symptoms did not seem alarming he 

! seemed impressed with the idea that it was 
his death call. He often expressed the senti- 
i ment that he was going to his other home;. 
! The vital machinery seemed to have give;: 
! way, and he died on the 13th of March, 
! 1881. Rev. llughey, of the Cumberland 
j Presbyterian church, conducted the funeral 
: services, and the body of " Uncle John " was 
! laid to rest in the Greencastle cemetery on 
I the 15th. 

l^ICHARD BIDDLE. retired farmer, re- 
<Ojv| sides on section 23, Jackson Township. 
^t^ where he owns 230 acres of good land. 
He was born in Bourbon County, Kentucky 
August 12, 1803, a son of Richard and Ann 
(Clark) Riddle, the former a native of Dela- 
ware, of Welsh ancestry, and the latter : 
native of Maryland. The father died in 
Bourbon County, Kentucky, in 1820, and the 
mother in Palmyra, Missouri, in 1835. The, 
had a family of seven children, two sons and 
five daughters. Richard Riddle came to 
Putnam County May 3, 1831, and entered 
560 acres and bought eighty acres of land 
making an entire section. He first built a 
log cabin, eighteen feet square, which serve/: 
as a home several years. There were at that 
time but few settlers in the township, and he 
has been one of the most influential in de- 
veloping the county. Although he had but 
little when he started life for himself, he has 
been successful, and at one time owned 680 
acres of good land. His early educational au- 
vantages were limited, but he attended for a 
short time the academy at Paris, Kentucky, 
where he was under the instruction of Eben- 
ezer Sharp, the father of Thomas P. Sharp, 
who, about 1824, moved to Indianapolis, 
where he lived but a short time. He was 
obliged to leave school on account of his 



father losing his home in Hie great land law- 
suit known in Butler's History of Kentucky 
as the Biddle land suit. Mr. Biddle east his 
first vote for Henry Clay, in 1824, and since 
its organization has voted with the Republi- 
can party. lie was .married in Bourbon 
County, October 3, 1827, to Catherine E. 
Jones, who was born in Shelby ville, Ken- 
tucky, November 9, 1811, a daughter of 
Abram and Catherine (Talbott) Jones. To 
them were horn thirteen children, eight of 
whom are living— James T., William B., 
Abram J., Richard lieber, T. A. II., George 
A., John ami Thomas C. James married 
Harriet N. Kelley, and they have six children 
-Robert II., Addie S., Lester J.; Annie 
Laurie, Harry and Nellie R. William mar- 
ried Carrie V. Fravel, and has one child — 
Bessie. Abram married Martha A. Kelley, 
and they have one child- — Alice. Richard 
married Mary Smith. T. A. II. married 
Sarah L. Fordiee, and has two children — 
Maud L. and Richard Fordiee. George mar- 
ried Alice Long, and they have one child — 
Clara. John married Amelia Bennett, and 
they have three children- ■■- Frederic, Richard 
ami Lu la. Thomas married Elsie Egbert. 
Mrs. Biddle died July 12, 1882. She was a 
devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, as is also Mr. Biddle, he joining that 
church in 1820. lie belongs to the Masonic 
fraternity, Chapter 22, Greencastle, and of 
the Odd Fellows Lodge, No. 374, New Mays- 

iTACY L. REEVES, of Monroe T< 

^,vY| ship, was born in Campbell County, 
V Kentucky, September 20, 1820, son of | 
Stacy and Sarah (Lawrence) Reeves. His | 
fat "her was born in New Jersey in 1778, of j 
English ancestry. His mother was born in j 

Virginia in 1784, of German descent. They 
had nine children, Stacy L. being the only 
one now living. Mr. Reeves was married 
January 19, 1840, to .Miss Nancy Howlet, 
daughter of George W. and Elizabeth How- 
let, who were natives of Kentucky. Her 

parents had three children -Nancy, Alary A. 

and Elizabeth. Mr. and Mrs. Reeves had 
eight children — Sarah E., deceased, was born 
December 25, 1840; Emma, June 7, 1843; 
James L., deceased. March 26, 1815: George 
T., February 28, 1847; Allen W\, May 13, 
1849; Mary C, March 12, 1852; John C. F., 
November 17, 1856, and Annie E., Novem- 
ber 3. 1861. Emma was married in 1867 to 
James R. McClary and has two children-- 
Edgar L., born December 26, 1867, and Al- 
bert L.. born February 24, 1869. Mr. Mc- 
Ciary came to his death by lightning, being 
struck while taking shelter under a tree from 
a thunder storm. He was educated, and 
respected by all who knew him. Mrs. Mc- 
Ciary has since been keeping house for her 
aged father. Allen W. married Mattie Zook, 
whose parents were natives of Kentucky. 
They have tour children — Nellie Grant, de- 
ceased; Elizabeth, Bertie and Edgar. Mary 
C. married John S. Flynn and they have one 
child— Maude, born May 7, 1880; George T. 
married Martha E. Shinn and they have one 
child— Edith, bom June 24, 1884; John C, 
F. married Joanna Finley and has one child 
— Walter R., born June 13, 1883. Anna 
married A. M. Kelsey, now deceased, a grad- 
uate of Asbury University and a minister of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. After his 
death, in 1883, Anna married C. Y. Johnson 
and they had one child. James A., born De- 
cember 6, 1886. When Mr. Reeves' parents 
first came to Putnam County they had nine 
children. The country was populous, all the 
families being very large. Of the nine chil- 
dren wlio occupied that log hut Mr. Reeves 


is the only one living. His early educational 
advantages were poor. The building in which 
he attended school was made of logs, a clap- 
board roof weighted down, one log cut out 
of each end of the house and the aperture 
thus made covered with greased paper, fur- 
nished the light, split logs supported by 
wooden pegs or pins were the seats, and 
puncheon writing desks. Mr. Reeves is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and in politics is a Republican. 

^^ILLTAM W. ALLEN, tanner and 
1;l/'\/j> stock-raiser, and stock auctioneer, of 
r=§£n Greencastle Township, was born in 
Clark County, Kentucky, October 28, 1826, 
son of lames and Sarah (Gilkey) Allen, na- 
tives of Virginia. I lis father's ancestors 
were Scotch and Irish, and his mother's 
Welsh. His paternal grandfather was a sol- 
dier in the war of the Revolution, and his 
maternal grandfather in the war of 1812. 
His mother died when he was an infant. In 
1847 lie immigrated with his father to Put- 
nam < Jouiity, settling on section 5. Greencastle 
Township, where the father purchased ICO 
acres of land, and resided there until his de- 
cease, which occurred August 24, 1884. He 
had been twice married, and was the father 
of nine children who grew to maturity. 
Seven of them are still living— Charles E., 
of California; William "W.; Elizabeth, who 
married John McKee, now deceased, of 
Greencastle: Louisa, wife of Daniel Evans, 
of Russell Township, this county; Mary J., 
wife of F. B. Gardner, of Russell Township; 
Robert W. and James M. The deceased are 
— Sarah A. and Melissa F. lie was always 
a farmer and stock-raiser. Politically he was 
formerly an Old Line Whig, but in later life 
a Republican, and religiously was a member 

of the Old School Presbyterian church. May 
21, 1S47, William Allen was married to Miss 
Mary Evans, daughter of John Evans, of 
Clark County, Kentucky. To this union have 
been born thirteen children, eleven of whom 
are living — Alice, wife of Thomas J. Brant, 
a banker of Utica, Nebraska; Joseph M., 
Dillard C.; William E., of Marion County, 
Florida; Marion B. T., of .Utica, Nebraska; 
Lou., wife of Professor Philip S. Baker, pro- 
fessor of chemistry in DePauw University; 
Ida D., wife of Albert Albaugh; Jessie C, 
Eftie, Myrtle and John S. Air. Allen settled 
upon his present, farm in 1852, and has re- 
sided there ever since. He owns 374 acres 
j of well-improved and well-cultivated, land. 
! Politically he is a Democrat. In the spring 
! of 1804 he enlisted in Company II, One 
| Hundred and Thirty-third Indiana Infantry, 
1 in the 100-days' service, and served 120 days. 
; He performed guard duty principally, at 
j Bridgeport, Alabama, and was discharged in 
September, 1864, and returned home. He 
! served as trustee of Greencastle Township 
| two years. He has followed the business of 
j auctioneering twenty years, and has done the 
j principal portion of selling in Putnam and 

| adjoining counties, and also considerable sell- 
I . . 
'ng in several counties in Illinois. 

f^flLLIAM R. CHASTAIN, farmer 

V v/Y/'i and stock-raiser, sectioti 25, Jackson 
i' ~; Township, was born in this county 
October 29, 1837, son of Silas and Nancy 
Chastain, who were natives of Virginia and 
emigrated to Kentucky in an early day. 
They removed to this county in 1835, where 
they remained until their decease, the father 
dying in 1864, aged sixty-seven years, and 
the mother in 1861, aged sixty years. They 
reared ten children, our subject being the 



third from the youngest, lie was reared a 
fanner and has always followed that occupa- 
tion, except teaching school a lew terms, lie 
was married in this county .March 29, I860, 
to Miss Amanda A. Keith, also born in this 
county, in 1837, daughter of Isaac and Nancy 
(Wingate) Keith, pioneers of Putnam County. 
To this union were born three children — 
Miles E., who married Ena Stanley; Laura 
E„, wile of William Stewart, and Harvey. 
Politically Mr. Chastain is a Democrat, and 
lias served as township trustee. He is a 
member of the Christian church, and was 
formerly a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity. Mrs. Chastain died in 1873, aged forty 

! of Putnam County. He lias always taken 
i an active interest in the public welfare of his 
I native county, and is now numbered among 
; her most prominent citizens, lie is devoted 
i to the church of his choice, which he is now 
| serving in the capacity of elder. He was 
I married February 24, 1863, to Miss Sarah E. 
; Lay ne, a native of Warren Township, Putnam 
I County, born February 18, 1S43. a daughter 
I of William and Sarah Layne. pioneers of 
' ! 'tunum County, coming to this county from 
i Kentucky in an early day, living in Warren 
j Township until their death. They had a 
! family of nine children, four sons and five 
i daughters. They were also members of the 
j Church of Christ. Mr. and Mrs. McCoy 
I have had seven children, three ot whom are 
I living —Otto T., Mimiey E. and Leonard J". 
| After his marriage Mr. McCoy located on the 
lIoNDREW T. McCOY, farmer, section ! farm where he now lives, which is one mile 

(A- 2, Cloverdale Township, is a native of 
*^;~- that township, born August 26, 1839, 
a son of Jesse C. and Eleanor (Tilley) McCoy. 
Jesse C. McCoy was born in Nicholas County, 
Kentucky, October 9, 1815, and when a young 
man came to Putnam County, Indiana, where 
he was married September 5, 1837, to Elea- 
nor Tilley, who was also a native of Kentucky. 
They were devoted members of the Church 
of < )hrist, and for many years Mr. McCoy 
labored as a public teacher in the church. 
They had a family of thirteen children, six 
sons and seven daughters. All are living at 
this d-Ate, save one daughter, who died in 
infancy, and all except one son and one 
daughter are now married. The entire fam- 
ily, sons and daughters, sons-in-law and 
daughters-in-law, and also seven grandchil- 
dren, are members of the Church of Christ, 
and in politics all are Republicans. Andrew 
T. McCoy, the subject of our sketch, is the 
second son He was reared on his father's 
farm, and was educated in the common schools 

j west of Cloverdale. He owns 140 acres of 
; hind, all in a good state of cultivation, and 
is engaged in general farming and stock- 
raisin o\ 

^ ESSE MePHEETERS, farmer and stock- 

M\ raiser,resideson section 25, Madison Town- 

^/C ship, where he owns 200 acres of land. 

lie was born in Granger County, Tennessee, 

| June 22, 1806, son of John and Frances 

| (Ogle) McPheeters, natives of Georgia and 

of Scotch-Irish ancestry. They were the 

parents of eight children, our subject being 

the second child. They came to Putnam 

County in 1829. The mother died in this 

county, and the father afterward went to 

Missouri, where he died just after the close 

! of the war. Jesse was reared a farmer and 

| has always followed that occupation. He was 

| married in his native county in 1828 to Miss 

! Cytha Posey, daughter of Benjamin and 



Susannah Posey, who was born in Halifax 1880; Roma C, born October 23, 1882; 
County, October 11, 1799. They have had j Daniel R., born June is. 1SS4, and Ralph 
five children, of whom four are living -Ben- j L., born May 2,1886. The deceased are 

jamin, a resident of Colorado; Andrew, also 
living near Denver, Colorado; Harrison, of 
Kansas, and Jesse, of Champaign, Illinois. 
Mr. McPheeters started in life a poor man. 
When he left Tennessee he had only $11 in 
money. lie has been very prosperous, own 

Nora E., Dora O., and one died in infancy. 
The parents of Mrs. Hurst had eight chil- 
dren, seven of whom survive — Samuel, 
Amanda (deceased), Daniel, Sarah J., wife of 
Lycurgus Blakesly; Elizabeth, wife of Tlar- 
i'ni Adams; Step-hen and Mary. Her father 

ing a farm of 125 acres in Iowa besides Ins j died January *,l'l. 18S2, and her mother i\_,- 
homestead. He commenced by working on j sides in Wayne County, Iowa. Mr. Hurst 
a farm by the day. while his wife took in | is a Democrat in politics, and is a member of 
sewing u> assist in their support. He is a : the Masonic lodge at Cloverdale. 
Republican in politics, and has served as j 

school director and assessor. His grandfather j ^..,^^^,.2,,.^ 

served in the Revolutionary war, and his j 

father in the war of 1812, "under General I ^fAMES E. O'HAIR.— Michael O'Hair, 

Jackson. Airs. McPheeters is a member of j "|- 'j father of the present O'Hair family, was 

t\\o Presbyterian church 

^C a native of Ireland. He lived there un- 
til a man grown, but being a Protestant in 
religion and wishing to be in a country where 
he could exercise his religious views, he 
Wa KYI HURST, farmer and stock-raiser, i sought the shores of America, then a prov- 
•'by? Jelferson Township, resides on section ! ince of Engl. nd. He lived in this country 
t^r 27, where he owns 138 acres of well j about one year before the Declaration of In- 
cultivated land. He was born in this county, j dependence, <>r in 1775, and settled in the 
April 15, 1850, son of Jefferson cm) Elza j colony now ilit 1 State of Virginia, In 177'). 
Hurst, pioneers of the county. He was the Declaration of Independence being made 
reared a farmer, which occupation he has and Washington being made Oominander-in- 
always followed, a: d educated in the com- , Chief of the American forces, and the Conti- 
mon schools. December 9, 1875, he was nental Congress having issued three calls for 
married to Fidelia Gard, daughter of Jo- volunteers with which to sunder her relations 
sephns and Mary Gard, pioneers of Putnam j with the mother country', Michael O'Hair 
County, who was born May 28, 1854, in 
Wayne County, Iowa. Her father was born 
in Ohio, and came to this county when six- 
teen years of age, where he lived several 
years. Her mother was born in this county, 

was one of the first to respond to the call of 

his adopted country and help redress her 

wrongs. He was in General Green's division 

and staved with the army until the close of 

years, ner momer was oorn i tins county, i the war and the independence of the United 

and is a daughter of Samuel and Jane j States was acknowledged by England. In a 

Wright, also a sister of William Wright, short time he located in Jessamine County, 

Mr. and Mrs. Hurst have had eight children, J Kentucky, where he was married to a Miss 

five of whom are living --Mary E., born Au- J Campbell, and they had one son and three 

gust 20, 1877; Sylvia J., born December ( J, I daughters when his wife' died. He then mar- 


ried Elizabeth Tribbett,by whom be had five j 
sons and live daughters who grew to maturity j 
—Mrs. Libbie Lacy, John, Mrs. Nellie Trim- ; 
hie, Mrs. Nancy Ogden, Michael, Jr., James, j 
E. M., Mrs. Polly Hanks, William, Mrs, Rosa - 
Perrisho and Washington. These were among j 
the first settlers in Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois j 
and Texas. Michael O'Hair died when James j 
E. M. was about eight years of age, leaving j 
his widow with a large family of small chil- ! 
dren. James Eddington Montgomery OM lair 
was born in Montgomery County, Kentucky, j 
July 5, 1804. When about fifteen years of I 
age he went to live with James Montgomery. | 
He made his home here until twenty years; 
of age, when he married Margaret Montgom- j 
cry and moved to the mountains on Kentucky 
River, in Estill County, taking all he had on 
one horse in a pack-saddle, his wife riding 
another and carrying all the clothing they 
had in her lap, he walking and driving a cow 
a distance of seventy miles. When lie ar- 
rived at his new home he traded one horse 
for an interest in a claim, leaving them quite 
wealthy, with one horse and colt, one cow, 
two beds and out of debt. He here paid his 
first tax,whichwas 5 cents, the receipt for which 
is still in his possession. His bedsteads were 
made by boring into the logs of the house to j 
support one end of the rail and resting the | 
other on a forked stick and laying boards j 
from board to wall to lay the bed on. In this . 
house two children were born— William A., 
living near the old homestead in Monroe 
Township, Putnam County, married Miss I 
Anna Fulton, and they have seven children ! 
living and one deceased, and dames Ellsbury, 
also living in Monroe Township, engaged in I 
farming on section 2'J. The latter was born 
in Morgan County, Kentucky, November 13, ; 
1827, but was reared in Putnam County 
from childhood, brought up on a farm and 
educated w the subscription schools of that 

early day. He has met with success in his 
agricultural pursuits, and now owns 300 acres 
of land in Monroe Township, besides eighty 
acres in Wilson County, Kansas. He gives 
considerable attention to the raising of graded 
stock. He was married in October, 18G6, to 
Miss Lucinda Matkins, a daughter of John 
P. Matkins, of Garden City, Kansas. Six chil- 
dren have been born to them — Clarence, Ger- 
trude, Clay (died in infancy), Dessie, Florence 
and Myrtle. Both he and wife are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican. James E. M. O'Hair 
came West with his family in 1829, and after 
spending a mouth or two in Edgar County, 
Illinois, he came to Putnam County, Indiana, 
and settled on his present farm in Monroe 
Township, and after coming to this county 
the following children were born — Greenb^rry 
M. married Christina Souder, and they have 
five children; John T. married Lizzie Torr, 
and they have seven children; Mrs. Eliza 
.lane Curtis died, leaving two children; Bas- 
come lives in Kansas; Mrs. Sarah S. Hillis 
has four children living and two deceased; 
Robert S. married Rillia Hillis, and of the 
six children born to them live are living- 
Mrs. Salina Curtis lives in Greencastle; Syl- 
vester G. of Monroe Township, married Liz- 
zie Hammond, and they are the parents of 
three children; and Leroy T., who died in 
infancy. Mr. James E. M. O'Hair was be- 
reaved by the death of his wife August 11, 
1849, and July 15, 1852, he married Per- 
melia Lock ridge, and to this union were born 
two children— Robert Leroy. residing on the 
old homestead, married Ella Huftbrd, and 
has two children- -Pearl and Mabel; and 
.Margaret P., wife of Asa M. Black, of Well- 
ington, Kansas. Robert. O'Hair is at present 
cashier of the Central National Lank of 
Greencastle. Mr. O'Hair was a second time 
bereaved by the death of his wife, in 1856, 


and cilice thvn has lived on the old homestead con tinned as such until the close of the war 
quietly waiting to join those who have gone of 1812. 1!'- subsequently Located near what 
before. He 1ms always taken an active inter- is now Westland, five miles southeast of 
est in the advancement of his township or Greeneastle, where th< subject of this sic etch 
county, and was classed among the public- j was born. Lloyd Glazebrook served as State 
spirited citizens. In 1830 the first school- j Senator from Putnam County in 1852. and 
house was erected in Monroe Township, and ' again as joint Representative from the eoun- 
the few settlers, seeing the need of a church ties of Stark ,in<l Marshall, in 18G4. Ln 1872 
also, a Methodist Episcopal church was or- I he was a candidate for re-election from the 
ganized under Father Montgomery, Mr. ■ same districts, and died in Stark County just 
O'Hair being a very zealous member, in before the campaign opened. [lis wife, Lu- 
1832 he, with a few others, built the ilv^t cinda (Smith) Glazebrook, was born in Shel- 
church in the township, it being uf logs. A j by County, Kentucky, in LS06. and died at 
lew years later, finding it unsuitable for the ! San Pierre, Stark County, this State. She was 
wants of the people, it was torn down ami a the mother of six children -two sons and 
brick church, name] Montgomery Chapel, four daughters. Both were members of the 
was built, but popularly called the brick i Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Glazebrook 

■ed In flip 

tpel, and to this day it is wed known as was reared on a -arm. and was 

: ;li; 

the old brick chapel. This church was torn j mercantile trade many years. lie was engaged 
down in 1872, and mainly through the in (in- ! in that business ai the time of his decease. Dr. 
encc and means of Mr. OMIair the present Glazebrook passed his early life on a farm, 
more modern and beautiful church was erect- and followed farming until he was'twenty- 
ed, in winch lie takes great pride. Father , three years of age. His early education 
OMIair has been an active member of the was obtained in the common schools and 
Methodist Episcopal church for over sixty j at the academy at Belleville. He taught 
years, and while lie is in the sere and yellow ', school during the fall and winter for live 
leal" he never allows an opportunity to pass ! years, beginning at the acre oJ seventeen 
without saying a good word for the church, years, lie was then < ccupied three years as 

: phonographic teacher and reporter. While 
^^'-nM~<~V-.~ , engaged in teaching, the doctor found time 

; to take a thorough course of medicine under 
; ORFX/O f)OW GLAZEBROOK, M. j the late Dr. William Mathews, of Eberle, 
f D., practicing physician of Putnamville, - Indiana, and in 1852 attended lectures at 
-■e-" was born in Putnam County. February Rush Medical College, Chicago, graduating 
2d, 1830. His father, Hon. Lloyd Glaze- in 1857. Since that ; tin) e he has followed his 
brook, was born in Mercer County, Ken- ' chosen profession, and has earned for himself 
tucky. in 1S08. When three years of age an enviable reputation as a skillful physician 
he went with his father. Captain Clifford ; and operative surgeon. For several years he 
Glazebrook, to the Territory of Indiana., was surgeon for the Louisville, New Albany 
settling in a fort situated on the spot where & Chicago Railway Company, between La 
Salem now stands. His father was there Fayette and Michigan City, and resigned that 
made Captain of a scouting company to pur- position when he removed to Putnamville in 
sae the Indians to Southern Indiana, and , September, 1S8(>. In politics he is a Demo- 

4 .1-1 


crat of the Jefferson i an type, and has served 
as notary public sixteen years. He was dep- 
uty revenue collector for the .Ninth Indiana 
District, under the late Norman B. Eddy, 
serving three years, in 1872 he was elected 
joint Representative for Stark and La Porte 
counties. In 1885 he was elected township 
trustee. December IS, I860, he was married 
to Miss Ad'aline Bender, born near Walker- 
ten. St. Joseph County, September 5, 1S39, 
and of their six children only two are living 
— Bradford De Laskie and Clara Delia. All 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. The doctor was reporter for the 
Chicago Ileo-ald during the Lincoln- Douglas 

<n o r^ 

campaign, and reported their speeches for 

i been successful in business and has accumu- 
i luted considerable property, lie is a zealous 
I Democrat, having cast his first Presidential 
| vote for Franklin Pierce. April 3, 1855, he 
i was married to Miss Emma C. Morrow, born 
j in Lawrence County, May 24, 1830, and 
| they had two children — Parris C. and Emily 
! C, both deceased. Mrs. Foster died Decern - 
i ber 14, 1851, in Lawrence County, and in 
j 1857 the doctor was married to Phebe C. 
! Alexander, of that county, born in 1831. 
J Their children, Everett B. and Mary W., are 
! deceased. Mrs. Foster died, in the spring of 
| 1858. She was a member of the Christian 


t. lb- was a member of the Illinois 

Teachers' Association, and lectured through- 
out that State; lias always taken a deep inter- 
est in educational matters. lie is a member 
of Kankakee Lodge, Xo. 369, A. F. ec A. M., 
and is. also a member of the Odd Fellows 
fraternity and the Good Templars organiza- 

§AMES P. FOSTER, one of the early 
physicians of Cloverdale, was burn in 
•TC Lawrence County, Indiana, February 12, 
1825, son of Samuel and Mary (Craig) Fos- 
ter. He was reared to manhood upon the 
farm where he was born, and received, his 
education in the common schools and at the 
Medical institute at Cincinnati, Ohio. He 
first commenced the practice of his profession 
in Lawrence County, and came to Putnam 
County in the spring of 185(5, settling at 
Cloverdale, where he engaged in the practice 
of his profession. Himself and brothers, 
Ebben C. and Craven T., were engaged in 
the mercantile trade for several years. The 
doctor is now living a ntivctl lite. He has 

j £l&DAM A.DEU, farmer and stock -raiser, 
.( y section 2, Monroe Township, was born 

| "~. — in Russell Township, this county, near 
Fosher's mill, dune 10, 1833, son of Solomon 
and Elizabeth (Pickle) Ader. the former a 
native of Virginia turn now deceased, the lat- 

» ter a native of Salem, North Carolina, also 

; deceased. lie was reared a farmer and edu- 
cated in the early log cabin subscription 

; school-house. During the late war he eu- 

; listed in Company K, Eleventh Indiana In- 
fantry, serving live months. He was married 

' September 12, 1852, to Margaret Chatham, 
daughter of Josiah W. and Sarah (.Tone-.) 
Chatham, the former being deceased, and the 
latter living in Floyd Township, aged eighty - 
six years. All', and Mrs. Ader have four 
children — Lodusea E., Aaron E., Solomon A\ T . 
and Sarah J. Lodusea married flames T. 
Oakley, of Jackson Township, this county, 
and has three children — William O, Otha C. 
and Olive P. Solomon married Alice Wilson, 
lives in Franklin Township and has two chil- 
dren — Cord i a E. and Dovie Ethel. Sarah 
married William Co] liver, of Jackson Town- 

ij/uaiiAriiii'AL sKETcirns 

>h.ip. Id 1854 our subject removed to , : lias done as much hard work as has Mr. Gil 
Decatur County, Iowa, where lie worked at : ] 
'arminff until the fall of 1854, then returned : 1 

v. He own. 100 acres of valuable land, 
es his property near Greencastle. lie 

to this county. Wh 


»wa h». 

•vea a.- 

self-made man in the true sense of the 

supervisor nearly four years. He owns 492 word. Lie has made all his property him- 
acrcs of excellent laud. Religiously he is a j self, with the assistance of his estimable 
member of the LTniversalist church. I wife. IFe was married September 19, 1880, 

! to Miss Betsey Farrow, daughter of Richard 
-_>,^: H ;A'.« ' and Mary (Nelson) Farrow, honored pioneers 

J of Putnam County. Mr>. Gillespey was 
Pf?'HO]!d AS GILLESPEY, a representative j born in Montgomery County, Kentucky, !)e- 
'jv' ; ,',: pioneer of Putnam County, was born cember 28, 1821, and came here with her 
'r-pJ in Clinton County, Ohio, April 2,1810, | parents in L837. This union has been blessed 
son of James and Catherine (Peck") Gillespey, j with sixteen children, of whom fourteen are 
the former a native of Virginia, and of Scotch living— Josephine, wife of Isaac Meekins, 
descent, the mother a native of Pennsylvania, ! of Wayne County. Fowa; Catharine, wile of 
and of German ancestry. The lather died in j Arthur Wood, of Saratoga, Kansas; -lames, 
1825, and three years later our subject came j who married Sarah Heady; Martha, wife of 
with his mother to this county, where he has ; James Fletcher, of Wayne County, Iowa; 
since been a resident. The father was a tan- ; Betsey, wife of William Hathaway, of this 
ner by trade, and Thomas early learned the j county; William, who married Louisa. Baird; 
same trade, which he followed until 1850, ! Margaret, Richard, Thomas, Emma. Annie 
during which year he settled on a farm in j I.)., an artist: Daniel. Joseph and Reverdy. 
Clinton Township, where he followed farming i In politics Mr. Gillcspey is a staunch Demo- 
and stock-raising. In 1875 he removed to j crat. lie is now enjoying the fruits of a 
Greencastle, where he now resides. When | well spent life. It is to be hoped that he 
in the prime of manhood he was, perhaps, | will live to sec many more summers, 
the stoutest man in Putnam County, having ; 

at one time shouldered six bushels of wheat '• — ■ ^. m V?-^h-.'-|W •*=— 

while standing in a half-bushel measure. lie i 

cut timber for 900 rails in one day, which j ^iilAL'LKS A. ALLEX, physician, sur- 
was considered an extraordinary day's work. \. .. geon and druggist, at New Maysville, 

lie was known by all their neighbors 

was bons in Berrien County. Kentuck 

j K y. 

inveterate rail mauler, in which his great April '.), 1S42, son of William and Elizabeth 
strength and indomitable will made him very I Alien, ol Scotch-English ancestry. In 1801 
dexterous. He has always had remarkable I he enlisted in Company B, Second Detach- 
liealth, not having missed a meal in thirty j ment of Columbia infantry, serving three 

years. His father dying when h 

e was a 

months. I;i 1862 he re-enlisted in the same 

young man, the responsibility of supporting j regiment for three years. He then enlisted 

his widowed mother and her children de- I as a veteran in the same company and regi- 

volved almost entirely upon him. and on this ' ment. In 1864 they were transferred to the 

account his education was necessarily limited, i navy, serving until July, 1865, and were dis- 

Probably no other man in Putnam County ! char o-ed at Port-mouth. New Hampshire. 


He then returned home, and attended the 
Louisville American Medical College one 
term, and commenced the practice of his 
profession at Preachers vi lie, Kentucky, where 
he remained until 1875. lie then removed 
to Danville, Hendricks County, and practiced 
one year, then came to Saw Maysville, where 
he has since devoted his time to his profes- j 
sion. lie- has a lucrative practice and has 
been very successful- lie is also engaged in 
the drug business and keeps a large stock of 
ail kinds of medicines. In 18(3(3 he was 
married in Kentucky to Miss Maggie II. 
Ousley, who was born in Berksville, Ken- 
tucky, in 1851. They have six children- 
Ellen, wife of Charles E. Hendricks; Lucy 
J., William, Joins M., Ernest and Frank, j 
lie is a member of the Masonic judge at 
North Salen), and of the Odd Fellows lodge j 
at New Maysville, No. 374. Politically he j 
is a Democrat. 

-^ •yyil.MAM W. ROSS, of the firm of 
vI/Ah Moreland <fc Ross, general merchants 

r-~— at Russell ville, was born in Parke 
County, this State. February 5, 184s. His 
father, Judson Ross, of Parke County, was 
born in Mason County, Kentucky, and came 
to Parke Comity when quite young, with his 
parents. William was reared on a farm and 
educated in the common schools, lie. was 
engaged in farming until 1884, when he came 
to Russellville and engaged in the hardware 
business. Two years later he sold out and 
engaged in his present business. He carries 
a capital stock of $5,000, and has an exten- 
sive trade. He keeps a full line of dry goods, 
clothing, hats and cups, boots and shoes, gro- 
ceries, provisions, glassware, queensware, sta- 
tionery, school books and notions. He was 
married in February. I860. to Miss Sarah Dan- I 

iel, daughter of William Daniel, now deceased, 
born in Parke County, this State. Mr. Ross 
owns 1404 acres of land in Parke County, 
which is worked by tenants. Mrs. Ross is a 
member of the Baptist church. 

^JOSEPH L. V AUG MAN, farmer and 

"M stock-raiser, Mill Creek Township, was 
-vi born in Garrard County. Kentucky, Feb- 
ruary 8, 1886, soil of Thompson and Eliza- 
beth Vaughan, also natives of Kentucky. His 
paternal grandparents were natives of Vir- 
ginia and of Irish-English ancestry. His mater- 
nal great-grandfather was a native of Ireland, 
and died at the age of 105 years. To his 
parents were born eleven children, of whom 
nine survive — Joseph L., John C, Strother 
P., Thomas A., Simeon L., Benjamin 13., 
Sarah, wife of James Knight, Nancy, wife of 
John Baldock, and Patsy, wife of Thomas 
Bowen. Both parents were members of the 
Baptist church, .and at present reside at 
Mount. Meridian. Our subject was reared to 
manhood in his native State, and received a 
very fair education for those days. In early 
life lie worked at carpentering, but in later 
life has been a farmer. In October, 1861, he 
enlisted in Company II. Nineteenth Ken- 
tuekylnfantry,and was assigned to the .Army of 
the Mississippi. lie participated in the 
battles of Haines Bluff, Port Gibson, Cham- 
pion Hills, Raymond, Black River, Vicksburg. 
May 22, i860, in the memorable charge at 
Vicksburg, he was wounded five times, three 
wounds being quite serious. He was also 
engaged in many skirmishes. He was dis- 
charged in October, 1804. February 28, 
1878, he was married to Mary P. Foster, 
daughter of Jos lin II. Foster, a resident of 
Morgan County, this State. Mr. Vaughan 
came to this county in 1864, and now owns 



200 acres of good land on section 30. In 
politics he is a Republican, and is a member of 
the Missionary Baptist church, lie is a worthy 
citizen, and advocates every enterprise that 
will tend to benefit the community. 

"T-fTILLIAM N. ALLEE, a pioneer of 
i/\f Putnam County, was born in Barren 

r"W^ County, Kentucky, J une 1. 1817, son 
of William and Susan Allee, natives of Vir- 
ginia. The first of the Alices that they have 
any account of was at Fort Duquesne, near 
where Pittsburg now stands, during the 
French and Indian troubles in the early Col- 
onial warfare. At that place he was shot 
with two halls, [lis name was Nicholas 
Alice, and he is supposed to he the first of 
that name in America. When about fifteen 
years of age, our subject and his brother, 
John Allee, immigrated to Putnam County, 
where he has lived ever since. When nine 
years of age his father died, and when thir- 
teen years old his mother died, lie was early 
thrown upon his own resources, and has ex- 
perienced all the inconveniences of pioneer 
life. In 1848 he married Miss Catherine 
McCammaek, a sister of "Robert McCam- 
mack. To this union were born five chil- 
dren, of whom three are living— Nancy J., 
wife of John W. McAninch; John P., attorney j 
at law, Greeneastle; Mary S., wife of W. II. j 
Tinder. For a second wife Mr. Allee mar- j 
ried Amanda Vermillion, widow of the late j 
James Vermillion, of Hendricks County, j 
Their children are — Francis B., Ida and j 
Ulysses G. lie owns 143 acres of good land, | 
and has been very successful as a farmer, j 
Politically he was formerly a Whig, but now j 
a Republican. He has held the office of con- 
stable, is a member of the Old School Bap- j 
list church, and has served as clerk of that I 

churcii. II is early education was limited, 
but he obtained sufficient knowledge to en- 
able him to teach school. He attended many 
log-rollings, sometimes twenty days in suc- 
cession, exclusive of Sundays. Ueer and 
squirrels were very numerous. Four or live 
acres of land were partially cleared, and he 
has cleared some every year until he now has 
a finely-cultivated farm, lie is generous in 
his nature, and contributes liberally to all 
worthy enterprises. He is one of the repre- 
sentative farmers of the county. 

R. JOHN SLAVENS, physician and 
surgeon at Brick Chapel, residing on 
section 29. Monroe Township, was born 
in Montgomery County, Kentucky, March 1, 
1S11, son of Reuben Slavens, an early settler 
of Kentucky, now deceased. His great- 
grandfather, John Slavens, came from Ireland, 
prior to the Revolutionary war. The doctor 
came to this county in 1826, settling in 
Monroe Township, which was then a wilder- 
ness. They had all the experiences incident 
to pioneer life. He used to roll logs thirty 
days in succession; also attended house- 
raisings. He was educated in the subscrip- 
tion school of the early day, and sat on 
split-pole seats, and wrote on a puncheon 
pinned to the wall. lie taught school live or 
six years, then read medicine with Dr. A. 0. 
Stevenson, of Greeneastle. lie began the 
practice of medicine in 1838,' at Portland 
Hills, this county, and graduated at the med- 
ical department of the University of Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, in 1848. He has practiced 
fifty years. There was a time when he knew 
everybody in the county north of Greeneastle. 
He came to his present home in LS64, where 
he owns thirty-seven acres of land. He is a 
member of the Christian church, and is a 




yal Arch Mason, lie was married May 

Christie, and Pearl. Mr. McCoy settled 


L842, to Sarah Warden, daughter of 

upon his present farm on section 5, Marion 


lliam Warden, who was born in Path 

Township, in 1883. having previously resided 


mty, Kentucky. They have, had six 

in the southern portion of the township, lie 


klren — Henry 0. (deceased), Mary E., 

owns about 185 acres of well cultivated and 


belle, Julia, Horace G. and Qncen. All 

well improved landj and has been quite suc- 



cessful as a farmer, lie is practically a self- 
made man. and is honored and esteemed by 

all \\ ho know him. Politically he affiliates 
with the Democratic party, and has served as 


-rTIhhiS McCO} , an old settler of Put- 
/y/' nam County and a resident of Ma- 

road supervisor. Mrs. McCoy is a member 


of the Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Mc- 


,'■ 3 rion Township, was born in Garrard 

Coy is qnite extensively engaged in stock- 


mty, Kentucky, .January 27, 1837, son of 



m and Mary McCoy, also native.- of Ken- 
Icy, and of Scotch ancestry. About the 



r 1S49 he removed with his parents to 


.nam County, where they remained sev- 


oranite, at Greencastlc 

era! years. The parents then removed to j ~y-\ in marble 
Clinton County, this State, where they passed j ' : % was horn in Marion Township, this 
the remainder of their days. They had pre- I county, May 29, ISio. son of dames and 
viously lived in Texas a few years, and dur- I .Mary (Jackson) Jackson, the former of whom 

wts their residenc 

e there ir was annexed to ; u 

e was reared <»n 

the United States. They had ten children, ! seventeen years of age, and October 2, 1865, 
seven of whom survive William. John, | he enlisted in the Union service, as a private 
Willis, Nancy, Elizabeth, James and Daniel, in Company !», Forty-third Indiana Infantry, 
The mother was a member of the Paptist j to serve three years or during the war. At 
church, and died October 20, 1S62: the father | the close of the war he was discharged at In- 

die! in Lfcuo 

ins was reare< 

>oiis. June L5, LS(>5, by 

lerai i'l'iifi' 

River, Camden, Prairie do Ann and Mark's 
Mills. With his regiment he was taken 

on a farm, and was married October 20, 1856, ! of the War Department at Washington, lie 
to Miss Eliza Browning, horn November 30, ! participated in the battles of Little Missouri 
1838, in this county, and daughter of John 
and Bulah (Taylor) Prowning, who were na- 
tives of Kentucky, and among the early pio- j prisoner, and for ten months was imprisoned 
neers of Putnam County. They came to this j at Tyler, Texas. They were then sent to 
comity on horseback, each parent carrying a ! New Orleans, where they were exchanged in 
child. They settled in Greencastie Township, ! March, 1865, and ordered to report at Indian- 

J endured 

many trii 

lis and nrivations. ! anolis. Thev remained there until their di 

;i l 

They remained in that township until their j charge. Mr. Jackson then returned to tins 
decease. To Mr. and Mrs. McCoy have been j county and settled in Greencastie, where for 
born six children- -Emma, wife of dames I nineteen years he was employed as a skilled 
Wright; Lafayette; Harriet, wife of John ! workman in the Iron and Nail Works, In 
Clark; John; S-i}}h\ who married Colnmbns I 1885 lie engaged in the marble and granite 


business at Greencastle. Politically he is a \ of the first blacksmiths there, and he built 
Republican, and in May, 1886, was elected j the first sulky ever made in the city. Our 
city treasurer of Greencastle. May 12, 1870, j subject learned the blacksmith's trade when 
he was married to Miss Virginia I. Nelson, j a boy, and has followed it ever since. He 
daughter of William II. Nelson, of Greencas- j has made horse-shoeing a specialty. He 
tie. Their children are — Grade. Olive M., j worked four years in the Street Car Coin- 
Mary Edith, Homer E. and Josephine. Both j pany's shoeing shop at Indianapolis, and also 
are members of the Christian church, and | served on the police force in that city, prov- 
Mr. Jackson is a member of Putnam Lodge, i ing a very efficient officer. He came to 
No. 45, and Greencastle Encampment, No. j Roachdale in the spring of 1885, and built 
57, I. O. O. I\, and lias fillet! all the offices in j a line shop the following year, which is said 
each. He is a Master and Royal Arch Mason ! to be the best in the county. He is one 
and member of the lodge and chapter at ! of the best, if not the best, horseshoer in the 
Greencastle; is also a comrade of Greencas- ! country. January 18, 1881, lie was married 
tie Post, No. 11, G. A. R. | to Miss Ella South, daughter of Benjamin 

I South, of Indianapolis, who was born in 
— -^-.-(I^h"-.^^ ! Browusburirh, this State. 

^JOSEPH THOMAS McGINNJS,deceased, j ^.^„^w 

' an early settler of Cioverdale Township, j 

W was born in Kentucky in 1820. His father vT^lILLIAM M. COOPER, farmer and 
died in that State, and after his death Joseph ; \/\j stock-raiser, Jefferson Township, was 
T. came with his mother to Putnam County, - !..~-j born in Claiborne County, Tennessee, 
locating- >n section 36, Cloverdale Township, j April 20, 1830, son of Archibald and Eliza- 
where the mother passed the remainder of \ beth Cooper, the lather a native of Maryland 
her days, lie was married in 1843 to Sn- j and the mother of Tennessee. His father 
sanna Devorc, who was born in Owen County I was a soldier in the war of 1812. Our sub- 
in 1828. and died in April. L8G3. To them '■ ject came to this county with his parents in 
were born nine children, four sons and live 1835, the family settling in Putnamvilie, 
daughters. Both were members of the Chris- ; where the father put up a blacksmith shop. 
tian church. Mr. McGinnis was a farmer; After one year they removed to various 
and stock-raiser and a good business man, j place.- in the county, and finally located in 
and owned over 400 acres of land al the time : Warren Township, where the father lived until 
of his death. lie was a staunch supporter his decease. Seven of their twelve children 
of the Democratic party. ! are now living Sarah. Mildred, Margaret, 

! John !>., James. Archibald and William M. 

^.*.^?u~;m :--'•?>-'-■•-■• ; The deceased arc Kennedy, Prances C, Jane, 

I Mary and Barbara. The father was a mem- 
HEODORE TRUCKSESS, blacksmith, [ ber of the Christian church, and bad formany 
Roachdale, was born in Indianapolis : years served as class-leader. Politically he 
in March, 1844, son of John Truck- : was a Democrat. When lie first came to the 
sess, deceased, who was a native of Germany county he had but 25 cents in money, but by 
and a pioneer of Indianapolis. He was one | hard work, perseverance and economy he ac- 



cumulated quite a property. His landed es- 
tate consisted of 500 acres. William M. 
Cooper has been reared to manhood in this 
county, and received a limited education. He 
was married March 24, 1852, to Samantha 
Olearwaters, and their children are— John, 
William M., Charles E., Laura E., Albert A., I 
Mary A. and Ezra. 'Sir. Cooper owns 231 ; 
acres of good land, and has been a successful | 
fanner. He is a Democrat in politics, and a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, j 
We is an unusually strong man, at one time : 
he could not be excelled in the county. In I 
early life he attended a log-rolling and 
handled three men successfully. 



ACOB C. ROGERS, a pioneer of Wash- 
ington Township, was born in Putnam 
j£ County, March 14, 1825. His parents, 
Asa L. and Mary Rogers, were natives of 
Kentucky, his father being of Irish descent. 
The parents moved to this county in the fall 
of 1824, locating near Portland Mills, where 
the father bought 130 acres of land, on which 
he died. He subsequently entered 160 acres 
of laud on section 4, Washington Township, 
which is now the home of our subject. They 
reared a large family of children, eight of 
whom are living — Mrs. Eady Jones, Mrs. 
Polly Rice. Jesse, Elias, Mrs. Jane Dodd, 
Sally, Mrs. Nancy Legan and Jacob C. P»y 
occupation the father was a farmer and black- 
smith. In politics he was a Whig, and in 
religion a member of the Old School Baptist 
church. He was a representative pioneer, 
and esteemed by all who knew him. Jacob 
C. was reared in this county, and received 
a limited education in the common schools, 
lie has experienced all the phases of pioneer 
life, having always followed farming as an 
occupation He possesses an indomitable 

will, which, added to good business qualifica- 
tions, has made him one of the prosperous 
citizens of the county, lie owns 980 acres 
of good land, and lias been a successful 
farmer, having started in life with only $2 
in money. In polities lie is a Democrat. lie 
is a prominent man in his township, which he 
has served as school director and supervisor. 
He is public-spirited, and a liberal contribu- 
tor to all worthy enterprises. He was mar- 
ried in December, 1844, to Mi^s Betsey 
Legan, and to this union were born fifteen 
children — George W., dames W.. Franklin, 
Julia, wife of Josenhus Swineford; Mary, 
wife of Hiram Rollings; Stephen (deceased), 
Reuben. Sarah, wife of John Graham; Jo- 
seph, Catherine, wife of Henry Heber; Dan- 
iel, Lucy, wife of Charles Webster; Alice, 
wife of Thomas Durce; Jacob and Emma. 

C. DARN ALL, farmer and stock- 
^■Wll ra ' scr < resides on section 9, Floyd 

l&i® Township, where lie owns seventy 
acres of land. He also owns 266 acres else- 
where in the township. He was born in 
Clinton Township, this county, October 12, 
1832, son of Turpin and Louisa (Yeates) Dar- 
nall, who came to this county in 1831, where 
they lived until the death of the father, which 
occurred in 1881, at the age of eighty-two 
years. The mother is living, and is eighty 
years of age. Four of their seven children 
are living, our subject being the fifth child. 
He was reared a farmer, and has always fol- 
lowed that occupation. He was married 
September 11, 1861, to Miss Elizabeth 
Bridges, daughter of Charles and Rachel 
(Lockridge) Bridges, who was born in this 
county July 10, 1841. Their six children 
are — Flora E., wife of O. M. Batman, of 
Rockville; Charles T. married Mary Fay; 



Lena R., Frank D., Nellie and William 0. 
His education was limited to the subscrip- 
tion schools of the early day. lie is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Lodge, No. 32, and of 
Lodge, 'No. 469, at Morton. He served as 
master of the lodge fifteen years. Postoflice, 
Bain bridge. 

fOHN C. BROADSTIiEET, a representa- 
tive farmer of Mill Creek Township, was 
born in this county March 3, 1859, son 
of James and Melvina A. Broadstreet, the 
former of whom is deceased, He has been 
reared in this county, and received a com- 
mon-school education. He was married, 
January 3, 1886, to Miss Laura I. Bowman, 
daughter of John M. Bowman, of Marion 
Township, and they have one child— Austin 
D., born November 20, 1886. Mr. Broad- 
street owns a good farm of 103 acres, and so 
far has been very successful as a farmer. In 
politics he is a Democrat, lie is one of the 
rising young men of the county, and highly 
esteemed by all. 

i) , » (?> 

l^ILLIAM T. McCARTY, physician 
%\l\h an d surgeon, Koaehdale, was born in 
\r%^r] Warren Township, this county, April 
27, 185U. son of John MeCarty, a native of 
Tennessee, who settled in Franklin Township 
when a boy, sixty years ago. William was 
reared a farmer, and educated at Asbury, 
now De Bauw, University, at Greencastle. 
He taught school two years, then began the 
study of medicine, graduating at the Ken- 
tucky School of .Medicine, at Louisville, 
in June, 1882. He also graduated at the 
Indiana Medical College, at Indianapolis, in 
the spring- of 1885, having praerieed three 

I years previous. In 18S5 he located at Bain- 
' bridge, this county, where he practiced one 
! year, then removed to Ladoga and purchased 
J an interest in a drug store, which he con- 
ducted in connection with hi?:- practice until 
j February, 1887. lie then removed to Roach- 
J dale, where he is building up an excellent 
practice. He has taken the following special 
courses — surgery, chemistry, and diseases of 
women and children. October 20, 1885, he 
! was married to Miss Flora Hubbard, daugh- 
; ter of Oliver Hubbard, of Bainbridge, and 
! they have one child, an infant son. Dr. Mc- 
! Carty is a member of the State Medical So- 
i ciety, of Putnam County Medical Society, 
| belongs to the Odd Fellows fraternity, and is 
i a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

— ^4^-^^j^* — , 

VpjDWAliD II. CROW, a representative 
; fj. pioneer of Putnam County, was born 
"^5pl in Shelby County, Kentucky, April 15, 
1825, a son of Joseph and Cassandra Crow, 
the former a native of Maryland, and the 
latter of Virginia. The father*.-- ancestors 
were Welsh, and the mothers Scotch. One 
of his granduncles was a soldier in the Rev- 
; olutionary war. In the fall of 1835 he came 
I to this county with his parents, who settled 
i on section 10, Greencastle Township, where 
the father had purchased 140 acres of land, 
and also entered forty acres, making a total 
; of 4S0 acres. He lived on this land until his 
; decease. lie was the father of seven chil- 
; dren, of whom two are living-Joseph a 
j resident of Kansas, and Edward II., our sub- 
1 ject. He was a man that was widely and 
favorably known, and was esteemed by all 
; who knew him. He donated $600 to the 
fund that built Asbury University, and served 
| as one of the first trustees. He was a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church, and 


a liberal contributor to that church. His was 
a life of usefulness, and his character was one 
of sterling integrity and worth, [n politics 
he was a Whig. Our subject was reared to 
manhood in this county, and received a lib- 
eral education, having attended Asbury Uni- 
versity two years. His occupation has always 
been that of a fanner. He was married 
March 2, 1848, to Miss Deziah P. Walter- 
house, daughter of Joseph and Esther Wal- 
terhouse, who settled in this county in ls44. | 
To this union eleven children have been born, \ 
of whom ten arc living -Matilda, wife of; 
William Lemon, of South Haven, Kansas: 
Elizabeth,jwife of C. C. Hamilton, of Sumner 
County, Kansas; Lucy, now Mrs. William 
Honeyeut, of Saratoga, Kansas: Hanson, a 
resident <>{* Sumner County, Kansas; Jessie, 
wife of John H. Hamilton, also of Sumner 
County; Edward II., of the same place: Rob- J 
ert, Alice, Sarah and Fannie are all living at : 
home. Elizabeth, Matilda and Lucy have j 
been public school teachers. All are well 
educated and well situated in life. Mr. Crow 
owns 4*25 acres of land in Greencastle Town- ; 
ship, eighty acres in Warren Township and 
about twenty-six acres in Greene County. 
When Mr. Crow started in life for himself; 
he received §000 from his father, and the 
rest of his property he has made by industry I 
and good management. 

-'f^\ T. ( « A EXELL, farmer and stock raiser, j 
\ {.: ; Clinton Township, was born February | 
""!?■.* 11, 1S04. son of II. W. Garnell, who 
was born in Kentucky, October 10, 1830, j 
married Mary Krugau in 1850, who was a j 
native of Virginia, and of their seven chil- j 
dren, only two are now living. The father j 
was a soldier in the Union army during the 
late war, serving two years and eight months, j 

He was in several skirmishes, and in four or 
live important battles, being twice wounded. 
Our subject was married November 22, 1884, 
to Susan, daughter of James and Sarah Sum- 
mers, now of Kentucky. Her parents had 
five children, only two of whom are living. 
Iler father was a private in the Confederate 



Mr. and Mrs. 


(darnel! have three children — Johnny, Katie 
and Susie. Both are members of the Method- 
ist Episcopal church, and Mr. Garnell is a 
member of the Detective Association. 

AMES NUTGRASS, firmer and stock- 
raiser, Russell Township, was born Feb- 
ruary 22, 1846, in Shelby County, 
Kentucky. At the age of four year.- he came 
to Parke County, this State, and lived there 
until the breaking out. of the civil war. He 
enlisted in 1 SGI and served in the Federal 
army for three and a half months. He went out 
in Company A. Eighth Indiana Artillery, and 
was mustered into the service at Indianapolis. 
From there he went to Louisville under Gen- 
eral Buell, thence to Paducah, thence to Fort 
Donelson, thence to Shiloh, thence to Corinth, 
then followed General Bragg back to Louisville, 
thence to Perryville, thence to Nashville, and 
was in the light at Murfreesboro. From 
there he went to Chattanooga and to Chick- 
amauga, thence to Knoxville, Tennessee, then 
back to Chattanooga, to Atlanta, under Slier- 
man, with Sherman to the sea, back to Chat- 
tanooga, and was mustered out of the service 
June 25, 1865. He participated in the bat- 
tles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Stone River, 
Perryville, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, 
Knoxville, Tennessee, Franklin, Tennessee, 
Buzzard's Roost, and to Atlanta, Marietta, 
Dolphin, Kenesaw Mountain, Jonesboro, and 
closed with the battle of Nashville. He was 



in the three days' fight at Stone River, j 
two at Chickamauga, two at Pittsburg Land- j 
ing and two at Fort Donelson. His hardest I 
fight, on the march to the sea, was at Peach- ! 
Tree Gap. After being mustered out he | 
returned to Parke County, where he re- j 
mained until 1872, then came to this conn- I 
ty, where he has followed fanning ever since, j 
lie was married November 10, 1SG9, to j 
Melissa, daughter of John and Emeline Rat- I 
cliffe. Her parents had four children, of \ 
whom two are living. Mr. iS\itgrass' parents i 
were William and Mary (Page) Nutgrass. | 
Six of their eight children are now living, j 
Mr. and Mrs. Nutgrass have six children — 
Jesse, Fred, Joseph, Katie, Nell and Maude. 
Mr. Nutffrass belongs to the Grand Army 
of the Republic, and Mrs. Nutgrass is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

If^ON. WILLIS (4. NEFF, postmaster of 
I X7 \ Greencastle, was born in Boyle Count}-, i 
*Si Kentucky, in 1830. When a small I 
child he was brought to Indiana by his par- 
ents, wiio settled in Hendricks County. A3- J 
thong]) Lis educational advantages were very ] 
limited he secured sufficient education to en- I 
able him to teach school, and he taught sev- j 
era! terms in the country. At the age of \ 
twenty-three he began the study of law, and ! 
entered the law school at Bloomington, Indi- j 
ana. where he graduated in 1855. He then 
located in Sullivan County, and entered upon 
the practice of his profession. In 1>>57 he 
was elected recorder of Sullivan County, hold- 
ing the office three years, and resigned to 
accept the office of prosecuting attorney for 
the district in which he resided. In 1862 he 
was re-elected, and, after serving his time, 
declined another nominal ion. In 1 S G o he 
came to Greencastle, where he was engaged 

in the practice of law until 1S6S, when he 
was elected to represent Putnam County in 
the Lower House of the Indiana State Legis- 
lature. In 1869 he was elected without 
opposition to the special session of that year, 
and in 1871 was again elected to the Lower 
House. During the latter term he was a 
member of the Judiciary, Benevolent Insti- 
tutions and Ways and Means Committees, 
being chairman of the latter. During that 
same session he introduced a bill looking 
toward a final settlement of the canal ques- 
tion, and earnestly advocated a bill to reduce 
the fees and salaries of county officers. In 
1S76 he was a delegate to the Democratic 
National Convention held at St. Louis, and 
ardently supported the nomination of Thomas 
A. Hendricks for the Presidency. In 1880 
he was again elected to the Legislature by a 
handsome majority, and although his party 
was twelve in the minority, he was made a 
member of the committee of Ways and Means, 
Judiciary and Benevolent Institutions, and 
was a member of the joint committee of fifteen 
to revise the code of Indiana. h\ April, 1885, 
he was appointed postmaster of Greencastle 
under President Cleveland's administration. 


1 ■'■■'■ 

MILKY D. IRWIN, one of the oldest 
settlers of Putnam County, was born in 
J ^p Hardin County, Kentucky, January 29, 
1820, son of Isaac and Ellen Irwin. His 
father was a native of Virginia, and came to 
Kentucky with his parents when three years 
of age, the family coming down the river in 
concealed boats, to avoid the Indians, who 
were particularly troublesome at that time. 
They settled in a fort, where they lived sev- 
eral years, and subsequently located on a 
farm. The father was twice married in Ken- 
tucky. His first wife was Atheli Kendall, 




and they had four children, all of whom are 
deceased. His second wife was Ellen C. 
King, and to this union were burn ten chil- 
dren, of whom nine grew to maturity, and of 
whom four are living-— William K.. Isaac, 
Smiley i>. and Charles. The deceased are— 
Rowan, Atheli, Sarah E., Melvina and Pris- 
cilla E. The deceased by his first marriage 
are - — Hiram, Betsey, Lewis and Josiah. 
Isaac Irwin and family removed to this 
county in 1829, settling in Clinton Township, 
where the father purchased eighty acres of 
land, paying $100 and a pony worth $25 for 
the same. lie afterward sold that farm and 
entered 100 acres of land from the Govern- 
ment, a short distance west of Morton. lie 
resided upon that farm about six years, then 
removed to Madison Township, where he re- 
mained until his decease, in 1858. He en- 
dured the hardships and privations incident 
to the pioneer, and was respected by all who 
knew him. He served creditably as deputy 
sheriff of Hardin County eleven years. Our 
subject was reared to manhood in this county 
and received a rudimentary education in the 
common schools of pioneer times. He has 
been a life-long farmer. He was married 
January 13, 1850, to Miss Mary A. Bicknell, 
born February 10, 1S24, in Philadelphia 
County, Pennsylvania, daughter of George 
and Susan (Moore) Bicknell, who came to this 
county in 1880. To this union have been 
born nine children, of whom the following 
are living- John R., Winiield S., Robert S., 
Isaac K.. Susan E., wife of William White, and 
Maiw L. The deceased are — Henry C, George 
E. and William W. Mr. Irwin settled on 
section 19, Madison Township, in 1851, 
where he owns eighty-four acres of excellent 
land all well improved. Himself and wife 
are members of the Old School Baptist 
church, and for about twelve years he has 
served as deacon of that church. In politics 

he is a Democrat, and has served as justice 
of the peace five years. The Irwin family 

have some peculiarities not one was ever 

inside a prison .or charged with a criminal 
i o flense; all own land, but none are wealthy; 
\ there are several doctors, preachers and at- 
I torneys in the family, but not being ambi- 
\ tious, not one has ever attained a high office. 
j All arc respected members of society. 

! -V 

^YLVESTEK C. BISHOP, dealer in 
drugs, groceries, etc., Warren Town- 
'' ship, was born in St. Louis County, 
Missouri. December 4, 1841, a son of A si J. 
and Jane E. (Mann 1 ) Bishop. The father was 
born in Kentucky October 17, 1819, and the 
mother was a native of New York. They 
were married March 4, 1841; went to Mis- 
souri the same year, remained there a short 
time, then removed to Jefferson County, 
where they lived a few years. They then 
crossed the Mississippi into Illinois, where 
the lather died with cholera July 11. 1849. 
The mother remained there one year, when 
her mother died, and she removed to Put- 
namville, where she afterward married Will- 
iam Montgomery, and went to (day County, 
where the hitter also died. The mother then 
returned to Putnamville, where she died 
April 15, 1886. She was the mother of three 
children.. The parents were members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and the father 
was a farmer by occupation. Sylvester C. 
received a common-school education in the 
log school-house of that day, and was reared 
on a farm. During the late war he enlisted, 
August 3, 1801, in Company F, Eleventh 
Indiana Infantry, serving until September 
10, 1804. His regiment was assigned, to the 
Thirteenth Army Corps, and participated in 
the battles of Fort Henry, Fc rt Donelson. 


Shiloh, Port Gibson find Champion Hills. | and Elizabeth (Turner) Bishop. In 18G2 he 
He was wounded in the last-named battle, ' enlisted in the Eighteenth Indiana Battery, 
for which he now draws a pension. After ; serving six months, and was mustered out at 
this he was attached to the Nineteenth Army | Louisville. He was married in this county 
Corps, and went to New Orleans with his j August 19, 1863, to Miss Jemima Call, born 
command, thence to Washington, thence to i in this county in 1840, and a daughter of 
Harper's Ferry, and was iinally mustered out i John Call. They have one child. Mr. Bishop 
at Indianapolis and returned home. Mr. owns forty acres of excellent land and a house 
Bishop is a member of Putnamville Post, ! and lot in the city. Both 31 r. and Mrs. 
No. 846, G. A. K., of which he was a charter j Bishop are members of the Christian church, 
member, and has held the office of quarter- ; 

master since its organization. He is also a j "~M§*3++S*fj**-«" 

member of Cloverdale Lodge, No. 132, A. | 

F. A A. M., at Cloverdale. In April, 1S86, ! ||||jpLLIAM I. BUIS. a farmer of Marion 
he was elected to the office of trustee, which j : ^h\k Township, was born in Putnam 
office he still holds. He has also served as ] \T^H County, April 3, 1837, son of Riley 
member of the village board of trustees. Im- ; and Elizabeth Buis, the former a native of 
mediately after his return from the army he j Tennessee and the latter of this county. The 
engaged as clerk with T. D. Layman, who [ mother was born in 1818, and is the oldest 
was a merchant at Putnamville. He remained I living native of Putnam County. Riley Buis 
with him imtil February, 1869, when he and j came to this county in a wry early day. 
W. II. Holloway purchased the goods and j locating in Marion Township, where he lived 
the building, and conducted the business until his death, which occurred April 5, 
until L870, Mr. Bishop then sold out to his ; 1881. He was a member of the Regular 
partner, and in the fall of the same year went j Baptist church. His wife survives him and 
to Manhattan, in Washington Township, and resides on the old homestead, now occupied 
sold goods for Levi Ilepler one year. He by C. P. Buis. lie was the father of nine 
then returned to Putnamville and engaged j children — El isha, William I., Marcus L., 
in his present business. June 30, 1868, he ('burner P., Ellen S., wife of Quintan Broad- 
was married to Bell S. Farrow, a native of street; the others are deceased. For many 
Cincinnati, and they have had four children, years he kept a public house on the National 
of whom three are living— Susan J., Edgar \ Road in Marion Township, which gave him 
F. and Mabel M. Minnie is deceased. Mr. an opportunity for extensive acquaintance. 
Bishop is a member of the Methodist Epis- In politics he was a Democrat. ^Y. I. Buis 
copal church, and Mrs. Bishop of the Pres- has always been a farmer, having received a 
byterian church. fair English education, lie married Lutecia 

McAninch, daughter of Daniel McAninch, a 

~^+|^<~»-|*'~>- pioneer of this county, and they had four 

children- Alary E.. wife of John Masters; 

fOIIN B. BISHOP, fanner, and snperin- Laura A., wife of George Reed; Emerson E. 
tendent of the gravel road. New Mays- and Franklin E. For his second wife he 
ville, was born in Shelby County, married Margaret A. Masten, daughter of 
Kentucky, February 9, 1839, son of Byron Reuben Masten, of Hendricks County. They 


have three children — Edward L., Odessa A. 
and Elbert O. Mr. Buis owns 260 acres of 
well, cultivated land in Marion Township. 
and is a successful farmer, lie lias done a 
great deal of bard work, and cleared up a 
great deal of land. Politically he is a Demo- 

iT^T-lLLIAM THOMAS, farmer, section 
^v/l\'l$ l^j Madison Township, was born in 

[Npbi this county dune 17, 1844, son of 
Joel and Mary Thomas, natives of Kentucky, 
and of Irish descent. Joel Thomas immi- 
grated to Indiana in 1832 with his parents, 
who settled in Clinton Township. They first 
erected a log cabin and then commenced the 
work of clearing the farm in true pioneer 
style. About 1856 the parents of our sub- 
ject, Joel and Mary Thomas, removed to Mad- 
ison Township, locating on section 31, where 
they improved a farm. The father was 
accidentally killed on the night of November 
8, 1S84, by a railroad train, ile had been 
twice married. His first wife was Mary 
Stites, and nine of their children are living — 
William, Hiram, John. James, Joel, Aaron, 
Levi, Isaac M. and Fanny, who married 
Frank Burcham, of Lincoln, Nebraska. J 1 is 
second wife was Elizabeth Hart. He was 
widely known throughout the country, and 
greatly esteemed by all. lie was a self-made 
man, having begun life with practically noth- 
ing. The first wife died August 4, 1879. 
William was reared to manhood in this coun- 
ty, and has been a life-long farmer. He 
was educated in the early subscription schools, 
which afforded but limited advantages. Jan- 
uary 1, 1803, he was married to Miss Eliza- 
beth Ewing, who was born in Montgomery 
County in 1842, and a daughter of George 
and Eliza Ewing, natives of Kentucky. To 

j this union ten children have been born, seven 
of whom are living-— Dora, wife of Charles 
Reeves, of Marion County, this State; Henry. 
i Oscar, Elmer, Charley, Ona and Bertha A. 
; The deceased are— Alice, Eliza and Frank. 
J Mr. Thomas settled upon his present farm in 
| Madison Township in 1873, where he owns 
! 218 acres of excellent land.. He also owns 
! ninety-seven acres in Parke County. lie is 
! now serving his third term as township trus- 
; tee. Politically he affiliates with the Demo- 
; cratic party. 

^BBEN C. FOSTER, a prominent busi- 
| "'- rj. ness man of Cloverdale, was born in 
"ip- Lawrence County, Indiana, February 
' 12, 1820, a son of Samuel and Mary (Craig) 
i Foster. He was reared on the old homestead 
| in his native county and educated in the 
; common schools, lie followed farming un- 
I til his removal to Cloverdale in the spring of 
i 1855, when he engaged in general merchan- 
\ dising and stock-trading, lie has been con- 
; nected with the trade ever since he came to 
; Cloverdale with the exception of a few years. 
' He is now engaged in farming, and owns 
i 350 acres of good land, lying in Warren, 
j Jefferson and Cloverdale townships. lie is a 
1 Democrat in politics, having cast his first 
j presidential vote for Franklin Pierce. Mr. 
! Foster was married in 1863 to Sophronia 
j Jenkins, a native of this county, and they 
, had five children — Ida B., Nora E.. Winnie 
| M., Gertrude and Herschel C; all are de- 
ceased except the last mentioned. Mrs. Fos- 
ter died August 31, 1876. She was a 
worthy and consistent member of the Chris- 
tian church, and esteemed by all who knew 
her. October 22, 1878, Mr. Foster was 
married to Miss Sarah Elizabeth Allen, who 
was born December 8, 1843, in Shelby 




County, Kentucky. Her father, T. X. Allen, lie attended tin,' public school until he was 

died in that county when she was quite young. : thirteen years of age. and after that he would 

Site came to this county and lived with an read and study evenings alter working on the 

uncle several years previous to her marriage, j farm all day. At the age of twenty-three he 

Her mother, Nancy R. Thompson, also a na- j entered the office of Dr. John Wilcox, of 

tive of Shelby County, removed to Putnam | Greencastle, as a student, and studied two 

County, and died at the home of Mrs. Foster, j years. June 24, 1S7I. he graduated from 

Alienist 10, 1883, aired sixtv years. She was j the medical department of the University of 

o •' - I. L ' 

the mother of eight children, four sons and I Virginia, at Charlottesville, Virginia, and 
four daughters, and was a member of the ! after taking a due course of lectures located 
Christian church. Mr. and Mrs. Foster are j at Carbon, Clay County, this State, where he 
also members of that church, of which Mr. j practiced until duly, 1879. lie then came 
Foster is trustee. to Greencastle, and has boon in continuous 

; practice ever since. In March, 1875, the 
— „^ I+ !^ M c^!Vn« j ad eundem degree was conferred upon him 

j by the College of Physicians and Surgeons 

1WREDERICK B.GAKDNER, farmer and : of Indianapolis, in politics he is a Demo- 

ri stock-raiser, sections, Kussell Township, ' era t, and in 1S74 was elected to the bower 

c ." was born on sects 
November G, 1831. 

township, House of the Indiana State Legislature from 

ijis lamer, 

Andrew , Clay County, and althouj 

ity was 

Gardner, was a native of North Carolina, j strongly Republican, with a majority of 300 
and removed to this county in an early day. j votes, he was elected by a majority "of 288 
lie was married March 6, 1877, to Miss j over Ins Republican opponent. lie was 
Mary Allen, daughter of James and Martha chairman of the temperance committee, and 

(Braton) Allen, the former of whom is de- 
ceased. She was born in Kentucky. The 
mother of our subject, Margaret (Byerly) 

had charge of and advocated the passage of 
the pr : sent license law, and used his influence 
in repealing the Baxter local option law. In 

Gardner, was born in North Carolina. Mr. 1882 he was appointed by the board of coun- 
and Mrs. Gardner have had six children, of ty commissioners of Putnam County secre- 

whom tour are living -Claude, Ethel j .Nellie ' tare of the county board of health, and has 

and Florence. Mr. Gardner owns 510 acres been reappointed every year since. The doc- 
of good land; is serving his fourth year as tor lias been three times married. His first 
township trustee, and himself and wife are wife, whom he married in November, 1873, 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, j was Miss Kiz/.ie C. Prats, of Parke County, 

I this State, who died the following December. 

^^L^-m-u^V-w, His second wife, .Miss Sibbie Loftus, whom 

he married in December, 18 70, died in Oc- 
,#^JEORGE WORTIJ BENCE, M. D., of i tober, L881, leaving one daughter, Susie.who 
.{ r- Greencastle, was born in Jefferson died aged about si\ years. They also lost 
'vT-- County, .Kentucky, .November 11, 1S46. one daughter, Annie, who died February 3, 
When seven years ot' age he was brought to 1881, at the age of three and a half years. 
Putnam County by his parents, who settled .January 16, 1884, he married Miss Armenia 
on a farm on Walnut Creek, near Greencastle. Brandon, daughter of James and Maria 




(Dawson) Brandon, born on the Hudson 
River, on the steamer Armenia,, while her 
parents were moving from Albany to New- 
York City. Sht; was named after the boat. 

T< >pekf 


Kansas; Elizabeth, wife of Walter 
, e>i' this county; flames P.; Elvira, 

wife of A. N. Keller, of Sterling, Kansas; 

Mary, wife of John Stanley, of Parsons, Kau- 

The doctor is a thirty-second degree Mason, j sas; Auta, wife vt' Edgar Harris, of Putnam 
and a member of the lodge, chapter, council j County; Frederick, Jenna, Pearl and Frank, 
and eommandery at Greencastle, and of the j The deceased are — Marion and Flora. Our 

consistory at Indianapolis. For six years he 
served as master of the lodge at Carbon. His 
parents, Philip and Annie (Yenawine) Bence, 

subject came to this county in 1854, and for 
thirteen years resided in Greencastle. His 
present residence is near Greencastle, and lie 

were natives of Jefferson County, Kentucky, owns 275 acres of good land. In politics 
and of German ancestry. They came to | he is a Republican, with Greenback proclivi- 
Putnam County in 1853, locating on a farm | ties. lie is a man of great public spirit, and 
in Washington Township, where the father ! assists in every enterprise whereby the coin- 
died in 1SS2, at the age of eighty-one years, j munity will be benefitted. His time is de- 
and the latter at the residence of her son, in I voted to fanning and stock-raising, and he is 
Greencastle, in September, 1883, aged seven- j meeting with good success. James P. 
ty-one years. Both were members of the j Bryan, a son of the preceding, was born in 
Christian church. Airs. Bence is a member Hendricks County, Indiana, September 22, 
of St. Paul's Catholic Church at Greencastle. ; 1852. and came to this county with his par- 

1 ents in 1854, where he has resided ever since. 

^.*^|>-?m:-^;V.--k-, — ! He attended Asbury University about four 

I years, pursuing the scientific course, and 
|^:\LEXANJ)EK J. BRYAN, an early set- j partially the classical course. At the time 
^(U tier of Putnam County, was born in j he left he lacked only eighteen months of 
'■*j;~ Bourbon County, Kentucky, September i graduation. January 2G. 1877, he was mar- 
is, 1824, son of Alexander and Elizabeth \ ried to Miss Fannie E. Clark, daughter of 
Bryan, the father a native of Virginia and ' Alexander N. and Lorinda Clark, of Hen- 
the mother of Maryland. His grandfather, j dricks County, this State. They have had 
James Bryan, was a Revolutionary soldier. ! three children— Minnie M., born August 8, 
In 1834 he came to Indiana with his parents, | 1878; Alexander, born October 17. 1882, 
who settled in Marion Township, Hendricks ! and Lee, born .January 14, 1886. Mr. Bryan 
County, where they remained until 1853, 
then removed to Putnam County, where the 
parents died in 1854. They had seven chil- 
dren, of whom five are living — Nancy, Sam- 
uel II., Barton, Ellen and Alexander J. The 
latter was reared in Hendricks County, and 

this county. They have had twelve children, I North Carolina, October 4, 1839, a son of 
ten living—Belle, wife of E. N. Yates, of i Jacob George, ;i native of the same State. 

owns a good farm three miles east of Green- 
castle, and has been successful. In politics 
he is a Republican. 

n pol 

ieived a limited education. April 10, |g|BRAM W. GEORGE, proprietor of the 

19, he was married to Miss Susan J. Far- : . .( V George House, also a contractor and 
v, daughter of Colonel A. 8. Farrow, of — .~ builder, was born in Forsyth County. 

/J JOG /.". i / 7/ / A L 8 K ETL '11 AW. 


Jli.^ mother, Xaney (Boner) George, was also ' out means, and all he has has been obtained 
a native of North Carolina. His parents j by his own- labor and industry, His mater- 
had two children. The father died in this ! nal grandfather was a soldier in the Revolu- 
county in 1S6-1. Our subject learned O.m j tionary war. 
carpenter's trade after he was twenty-one i 

years old, and has worked at it most of the j ^+§^~e£*§**~«* 

time ever since, working entirely by contract, j 

He settled in I load id ale in April, 1885, and j f^|K. W. F. BATMAN, physician and sur- 

the following September assumed charge of '!J geon. Roaehdale, Franklin Township, 

the liotel. He was married February 1, lSfiG, 

born October 20, 1858, son of 

to Miss Mar) Allen, daughter of Wilson and I Elijah Batman, of Monroe Township, this 
Mary Alien. They have had two children— : county. lie was reared a farmer and edn- 
Ida, deceased, whu married Kindred Garrett, cated in the common schools and in Bai ti- 
mid Ora R. Ida died when only seventeen bridge Academy. He began reading medi- 
years of age, leaving one child — Mouuie. \ cine at the age of seventeen years, studying 
Mrs. George is a member of the Methodist three years under Professor It. Trench Stone, 
Episcopal church. Mr. George has quite an M. I)., now of Indianapolis, a brother of Hon. 
extensive business, both in his trade and in Henry Stone, of Kentucky. In lb78-'79 he 
the hotel. j attended a course of lectures at Rush Medical 

^ ^ ^ w College', Chicago, graduating at Jelferson 

— >H M ^>^- | Medical College, Philadelphia, March 13. 

| 1880. He located at Carpenters vi He, this 
1 7p\ E S i J ^ ('. WILSON, farmer and dealer ' county, being associated with I )r.W. ( '. Harris. 
;.fj in stock, Jackson Township, resides on Tlnspartuership continued three years, and the 
T"; I section 11, where he owns 100 acres doctor then took a special course at Slellevue 
of land. lie also owns eighty acres on the j Hospital, New York, receiving certificates 
north side of the road. He was born in j in diagnosis and upon diseases of the eye. 
Montgomery County, Kentucky. January 3, While there he attended lectures and saw 
1838, son. of Henry H. and Mary Wilson, special operations at the Woman's Hospital 
the former a native of Virginia, and the hit- by the {'anions ! >r. Gillard Thomas, and also 
ter of Ireland. They removed to this county j saw S)r. Emmet's operations in gynecology. 
in 1840, where Henry was reared to the oc- j lie is therefore well qualified in an\ branch 
cupation of a fanner. In 1804 he enlisted in I of the profession. While in Jefferson Col- 
Company D, One Hundred and fiftieth In- lege he heard the last course of lectures but 
diana Infantry, serving six months. He was one delivered by Dr. S. [>. Gross, and he also 
married in this comity in September, 1870, took a special course in surgery under Dr. J. 
to Miss Frances Barnard, daughter of Calvin Ewing Mears, now one of the most eminent 
and Catherine Barnard, pioneers of this coun- | men in Philadelphia. Dr. Batman settled 
ty. She was born November 20, 1851. Their at Roaehdale in l s 8d, upon his return from 
children are — George C, Charles R. and New York, and he is building up a large and 
William W. Bertie is deceased. Mr. Wilson J lucrative practice. He was married August 
was formerly a member of the Odd fellows 29, 1882, to Mi>> Id.i E. liana.-, daughter of 
fraternity. He commenced for himself with- ! !>r. W. < '. Harris, his former partner. They 



have one child— Mabel T., born May 6,1884. 
He is president of the Putnam County Medi- 
cal Society, and is a member of the State 
Medical Association, lie bids fair to become 
one of tlic most prominent physicians in the 

j publican. When he started in life he had 
i nothing but a horse, saddle and bridle. Post- 


fW. CARVER, farmer and stock-raiser, 
resides in Floyd Township, where he 
c ° owns 180 acn-s of land, lie was born 
in Boyle County, Kentucky, near Danville, 
September 3, 1828, son of Sterling and Jane 
(Durham) Carver. The lather died when 
sixty-four years of age; the mother is still 
living in Grecncastle, aged eighty-one years. 
They reared six children, of whom four are 
living, our subject being the oldest, lie 
came to this county with his parents in 1835 
and was reared on a farm. He was engaged in 
the mercantile trade at Bainbridge four years, 
and was engaged in manufacturing wheat 
fans two years in Clinton County. With 
these exceptions his life has been spent at 
farm work, lie was married in Hendricks 
County, May 6, 1852. to Elizabeth, daughter 
of John and Rebecca (Radford) Underwood, 
who was b<»rn April 11, 1851, in Decatur 
County, this State. Three of their four chil- 
dren are living- Mary, wife of M. T. Darnall, 
of Danville. Indiana; Charles married Ann 
Darnall and Las two children— Nellie and 
Pearl; Laura, wife of Albert Cram, of this 
county, has one child— Glenn. Himself and 
wire are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and he has served as steward of that 
church thirty years; has also served as 
trustee several years, lie is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, Lodge No. 275, Bain- 
bridge. His son is also a Mason. Mr. Car- 
ver was drafted during the war, but paid 
$250 for a substitute. In politics he is a lie- 

ofhee, Bainbridere, 

"lT|£jl Mill Creek Township, was born August 
l ^iv 14, 1837, son of James and Melvina A. 
! Broadstreet, the former a native of AVashing- 
| ton County, Indiana, and the latter of Bullitt 
! County, Kentucky. 1 1 is paternal ancestors 
1 were Irish, and came to America prior to ihe 
Revolutionary war. }\\> paternal grandfather, 
Thomas Broadstreet, was a pioneer of Wash- 
ington Township, having settled there soon 

! after the beginning of the present century. 

i . 

' lie removed to Putnam County about 1825. 

; settling in Marion Township, upon the farm 
j now owned by II. 11. Dobbs. The grand - 
' father entered eighty acres of land and located 
in the wild woods. Me lirst erected his 
i little log cabin, then began the work of clear- 
; ing his land. He was a minister of the 
\ Missionary Baptist church, always taking an 
j active part in matters pertaining to the 
I church, -lames Broadstreet was reared to 
, manhood in this county, amid all the scenes of 
; pioneer life, and being poor, endured many 
hardships. lie married Melvina Gentry, 
j and they had twelve children, of whom seven 
| are living — Quinton, Rachel, wife of David, 
j Haines; Sarah, wife of Henderson Lane; 
[ Nancy, wife of -John W. Stringer; Mary E., 
Thomas II., John C. The deceased are- 
Elijah J., Isaac B., Jerusha. Francis M. and 
one that died in infancy. The father resided 
in this county until his decease, October 24-, 
1882. He was a member of the Missionary 
Baptist church, as was also his wife. In pol- 
itics he was a Democrat. He always followed 
farming, but the last twenty year.- of his life 
he was afflicted with a combination of dis- 



rases, lie was a man of much public spirit 
and enterprise, always lending a helping hand 
to anything that would benefit the comni unity. 
Quinton Broadstreet has been reared to man- 
hood and educated in this county. lie 
taught school four winters here, with good 
success, lie was married March 22. 1864, 
to Sarah E. Buis, daughter of Riley and 
Elizabeth Buis, pioneers of Putnam County, 
and their children are — Melvina A., wife 
of Clarence K. Wallace; Ida E., deceased; 
Francis M., beamier C, Charles P., James 
V.. Delia M. and Ernest. Mr. Broadstreet 
owns 450 acres of good laud, and has been a 
successful fanner. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat, and has served as trustee of Mill Creek 
Township many years, and iias also served as 
assessor of the township. Thomas II. Broad- 
street, a brother of the preceding, was born 
in this county. February 7. 1852. lie was 
married March 25. 1884,toLinnieE. Bowman, 
daughter of John M. Bowman, of this county. 
They have had two children-- Laura, deceased, 
and Walter M. lie owns 200 acres of ex- 
cellent land, and has always followed farm- 

ject was educated at Greencastle, and taught 
common school several years. He was prin- 
cipal of Ashland Seminary, Iowa, four years, 
and of Bainbridge Academy two terms; was 
also principal of Sturgeon, .Missouri, Seminary 
I one year. He returned to this county in 1860, 
j settling in Floyd Township, and later returned 
| to Bainbridge. He has taught more schools 
I than any other man in the county, teaching 
from three to seven years in a place, lie served 
| as assessor three terms, and as deputy several 
years, lie was married July 30. 1854, to 
Elizabeth It. Taylor, daughter of Augustus 
j Taylor, now deceased, and they had .two 
children, one living— Mary A., wife of James 
! M. Nichols, of Montgomery County. John 
I William died in 1882, in the twenty-first 
| year of his age, in La Fayette, where he was a 
j telegraph operator. Mrs. Dawson died March 
! 27, 1872, and March 16, 1880, Mr. Dawson 
. married Pamelia Johnson, daughter of A.1- 
j fred Johnson, now deceased. Both are 
' members of the Christian church, and Mr. 
! Dawson has been a local preacher. 

Democrat. He has seen something of pio- 
neer life; has many times threshed wheat 
with a ilail. 

it \ I.-:' grower of small fruit, Monroe Town- 
. v"-. i ship, was born in Sevier County, 
Tennessee, May 26, 1823, son of John K. 
Dawson, of Grinnell, Iowa, who is in his 
ninetieth year. His mother, Sarah Dawson, 
is in her eighty-sixth year. The father was 
'born in North Carolina and the mother 
in Tennessee. They removed to this county 
in 1837, locating in Greencastle, and in 1848 
removed to Keokuk County, Iowa. Our sub- 

flStRANVILLE C. GORDON, a retired 

' \ j- farmer, uoaehdale, was born in Shelby 
32A County, Kentucky, October 1, 1818. 
His lather, David Gordon, was a native of 
North Carolina, removing to Kentucky when 
a young man, thence to Clark County, Indi- 
ana, when Granville was a small boy, and to 
this county in 1^31, settling among snakes 
and wild animals. Here our subject was 
reared, and received a very limited education, 
having attended school only two weeks. In 
1862 he went to Peoria County, Illinois, 
thence to Bureau County two years later- 
returning to Indiana in 1870, settling in 
Jackson Township, lie still owns 305 acres 
of land in that township, a portion of which 


is well improved, lie was first married to 
Miss Evaline Sontherland, and they had four 
children — Mrs. Margaret Boyd, Mrs. Man- J. 
Camera, Mrs. Martha Fairbank and Mrs. 
Priseilla Burton. His second wife was 
Nancy Titts worth, and they had one child, j 
now deceased. Flis present wife was for- I 
merly Eliza J. Hargan, and their one child is | 
deceased. • 

fEFFEKSON HURST, a pioneer of Put- 
nam County, was born in Marion Town- 
i ship, March 28, 1824, son of William and 
Fanny Hurst, the former a native of Virginia. 
[lis parents came to Putnam County in 
1823, and were among the first settlers of 
the county. They located on Deer Creek, 
Marion Township, where the father entered 
several tracts of land from the Government. 
He at once cleared a place and erected a log 
cabin, and the iirst year put in a small crop 
of corn. Like all pioneers he endured many 
hardships and privations. He died in 1*50. 
Three of his six children are living — Jackson, 
Melinda, now Mrs. Wright, of Wayne County, 
Iowa, and Jefferson. He was widely known, 
and was respected by all who knew him. 
In politics he was a Democrat, and was a de- 
voted member of the Old School Baptist 
church. In his death the county lost a val- 
uable citizen. lie was a peace-maker, and 
was frequently called upon to settle matters 
of dispute - among his neighbors. Jefferson 
was reared to manhood in this county, 
receiving rather a limited education. He 
has had a large experience in pioneer life; has 
attended log-rollings every day for two weeks. 
December 24, 1814, he was married to 
Miss Elsie Vowel, and they had eight chil- 
dren — Martin C, William, Levi, Squire .J.. 
James II., George W., Benjamin I\, and 

Mary, wife of Daniel Moffett. Mrs. Hurst 
died November 2, 1879. and September I, 
1881, Mr. Hurst was married to Miss Mary E. 
Tilley, a native of Owen County, this State, 
and a daughter of Joel and Mary (Youngman) 
Tilley, of Owen County. To this union 
were born two children — Joseph B. and 
Flossie M. Mr. Hurst settled upon his 
present farm on section 36, Greencastle Town- 
ship, about twenty-five years ago. and he 
owns 000 acres of good land, and is considered 
one of the best farmers in the county. He 
is a member of the Old School Baptist church, 
and is at present serving as clerk in that 

eOSEPII W. STONER, an early setthr of 
Madison Township, was born in this 
i county, May 19, 1834, son of Peter and 
Mary Stoner, natives of North Carolina, the 
former of German and the latter of Irish an- 
cestry. They came to Putnam County about 
the year 1830, being among the first settlers 
of the county, and located on section 13, 
Madison Township, where the father entered 
100 acres of Government land. His Iirst 
work was to erect a lug cabin, and he then 
commenced to clear his land. They endured 
the usual hardships and privations of the 
earlj T pioneer. They lived on the farm until 
the death of the lather, which occurred in 
1867. He was an honest, conscientious 
farmer, and was greatly respected by all who 
knew him. Politically he was a Republican. 
He was the father of ten children — Lucy A., 
wife of P. A. Daggy, of La Porte County, 
this State; Sarah J., wife of John Davis, of 
Hnmboldt County, California; Eva, who 
married James Torr, of Madison Township; 
Joseph W., Lycurgus, a resident of Putnam 
County; Mary, deceased; Indiana, wife of 


J. L. Iiillis, of this county; William P., J children, of whom eight are living— Eliza- 
Peter 8. ami John W. Our subject was j beth, William L., Virginia P.. Mary V.. 
reared to manhood in this county, and lias , Richard S., Susan A., Margaret V. and 
been a life-long farmer. February 24, 1859, Henry II. Mr. and Mrs. Detrick have had 
he married Miss Martha J. Hall, and they j twelve children, of whom eight are living- 
had six children— Lycurgus, Lucy P.. Ed- Sharon It., Lizzie, wife of Edward Cornel- 
ward, Albert, William (deceased) and Martha, iuson; Nettie, wile of James Job: William, 
May 24, 1867, he married Carrie P. Stoner. John. Paul, Samuel, and Mary, wife of Will- 
II is third wile was formerly Mary O'llair, iam McKee. The deceased are — Alfred, Clay, 
whom he married February 15, 18&3. lie j Rome B. and Charles. Mr. Detrick removed 
owns 227 acres of good land, and is meet- j to his present farm in 1884, and has lived 
ing with very good success. In politics he j there ever since. He is extensively engaged 
is a Republican, and lias served as road su- in gardening, and has under cultivation three 
pervisor, and is at present officiating as ; acres of strawberries of the finest grades; 

school director. He is one of the representa 
live farmers of Madison Township. 

•~i+ —.!>•« *-t-<— ■ 

also tour acres of raspberries, and numerous 
trees of the finest fruits. lie owns eighty 
acres of excellent land, and is meeting with 
good success. Politically he is a Democrat. 

^fnllX DETRICK, farmer and gardener 


ticing physician at Cloverdale, was born 
in Greencastle, this county, February 2, 

" of Greencastle Township, was born in i 

W Zauesville, Ohio, January 1, 1824, a son j ffOSEPU L. PRESTON, M. D., a prac 
of Peter and Catherine Detrick. natives oi* 
Pennsylvania, His naternal ancestors were 
English. In 1837 his father came to this ; 1851, son of Dr. Albert G. Preston, a prom- 
county with his family, settling in Greencas- j inent physician of that city. He was reared 
tie, it being at that time nothing but a ham- j and educated in his native city, and corn- 
let. The father died there November 29, ! menced reading medicine with his father in 
l^¥i, and the mother January 5, 1875. To 1874. One year later he entered Indiana 
the parents were born eight children, four \ Medical College at Indianapolis, graduating 

William, Jacob, Phila and J oh 

M. D. in 18 n. lie then practi 

The father was a member of the Methodist year with his father at Greencastle, after 
Episcopal church, and in politics a Demo- : which he removed to Cloverdale, where he 
craf. Our subject was reared to manhood in j has since been engaged in his practice. He 
this county, and received a common-school j is a member of the Putnam County Medical 
education. When ten years of age he was j Society, also of the Indiana State Medical 
apprenticed to the tailor's trade, which lie j Society. The doctor has been twice married, 
followed until he reached his twenty-fourth I His first wife, Miss Ella Jones, whom he 
year. August 27, 1847, he was married to ! married April 17, 1878, was born in Miami 
Miss Virginia F. Farrow, daughter of Rich- ! County, this State, September 22. 1852. By 
ard S. Farrow, who came to this county in I tin's marriage were two children Albert G. 
L887, being one of the early pioneers; he ' and Charles F. Mrs. Preston died April 3, 
died in March, 1867. Iier parents had twelve i 1881, and January 19, 1882, he married Sarah 


E. Layne, who was horn in Putnam County successful tanner, in politics he is a Dem- 
March 11, 1859. They have had three chil- j ocrat, and has served as school director. 
dren — Mary, deceased; Samuel C. and an in- 

fant unnamed. Dr. Preston is a member of j »»«>»|* »»8 « j » 

the Methodist Episcopal church, and Mrs. I 

Preston of the Christian church. JMAPTAIN JOSEPH MARSEE DON- 

NOHITE, a carpenter of Greencastle, 
A was born at Bainbridge, this county, 
February 15, 1844. [lis father, Dillard 0. 
'OIIN It. KING, a prominent tanner and | Donnohue, was horn in Montgomery County, 
stock-raiser, Washington Township, was j Kentucky, and oi Irish ancestry. His mother, 
born in this county 'February 11, 1841, : Mahala (Tipton) Donnohue, was also bom in 
son of Benjamin and Perminda (Leatherman) Montgomery County, of English ancestry. 
King, the lather a native of Kentucky, and They came to this county in L840, settling at 
the latter of Indiana. His maternal grand- Bainbridge, thence to Greencastle in 1851, 
father, Frederick Leatherman, was a soldier , where they still reside. Since his seventh 
in the war of 1812. Benjamin King was the j year the Captain has been reared at Green- 
father of nine children, 'eight of whom are ! castle, lie attended the public school until 
living- -John R., Serena, wife of Zadoc j 1859, then entered Asbnry University ,with the 
Plummer, of Pottawattomie County, Kan- intention of graduating, but his college course 
sas; Rachel, wife of Joseph Owens, of was interrupted by his enlisting in the Union 
Morris County, Kansas; William, a resi- | service in 18G1, as a member of Company K, 
dent, of Hendricks County, this Stale; Sixteenth In. liana Infantry, for one year, 
Charles, of Putnam County; Denman, and was discharged at Washington, D.C., after 
of Edgar County, Illinois; Sarah, wife serving thirteen months. He then returned 
of Elijah Ilouck, also of this county; to Greencastle. and in July of the same year 
Fred-rick, of Nebraska, and Theresa, who re-enlisted in Company A, Seventy-eighth 
became the wife of Miletns Peterson, of Indiana Infantry, to serve two months, and 
Morris County, Kansas, and now deceased, was promoted to Orderly Sergeant. While 
hx 1849 Mr. King removed to Iroquois on duty in Kentucky the regiment was 
County, Illinois, where he remained until captured at Union town, but he and James 
1857, then returned to Putnam County, I Spurgeon made their escape by swimming 
where he died in September, 1860. His wife the Ohio River and hiding in a swamp over 
survived him several years. He had served \ night. He made his way home, and was 
as justice of the peace and township trustee. | taken sick with swamp or malarial fever, for 
He was a member of the Old School Baptist \ which cause he was discharged. In Septem- 
ehurch, and was respected by all who knew | her. 1863, he again enlisted in Company F, 
him. John R, King, our subject, has been a ; One Hundred and Twenty-third Regan mt, 
lite-long farmer. He was married Septem- | Indiana Infantry, to serve three years or 
ber 12, 1863, to Miss Caroline Anderson during the war. When his company was 
Cole, and their children are— Margaret, wile | organized he was chosen Second Lieutenant, 
of Elza Bond; Fannie, Jerome, Gertrude and and in July, 18(54, was promoted Captain, vice 
,)o}:n. He owns 100 acres of land, and is a ! Captain Elisha Cowgill, resigned, lie served 



until the close of tlie Avar, and was discharged 
at Lexington, North Carolina, August 25, 
1S05, by general order of the war department 
at Washington. After his discharge he went 
to Newton County, Missouri, and taught 
school during the following winter, lie then 
followed lead raining until the spring of 
1SGT, when he made a tour through the In- 
dian Territory. Returning to Missouri in the 
fall, he engaged in smelting lead until the 
fall of 1869, when he was employed to super- 
intend the construction of a section of the 
South Pacific Railroad, until 1871. lie 
then returned to Putnam County and worked 
on the farm four years. Politically he is a 
Republican, and during 1878-"79 he served as 
marshal of Greencastle. In the spring of 1886 
he was elected assessor of Greencastle Town- 
ship fur a term of four years. June 20, 1877, 
he was married to Miss Rue Ilouck, and their 
children are — Charles P., Daniel W. and 
Alexis. Mr. Donnohue is a comrade of 
Greencastle Post, No. 11. G. A. R. 

£|& J. MORLAN, farmer, Madison Town- 
jjffijk ship, was born in this county Decem- 
^^° ber 12. 1839, sun of Richard and 
Nancy J. Morlan, natives of Tennessee, who 
came to this county in 1832, settling on sec- 
tion 31, Madison Township. The father en- 
tered eighty-four acres from the Government, 
and immediately went to work to erect a log 
cabin, lie cleared the land and lived on it 
until his decease, lie endured many hard- 
ships and privations, but was always ready to 
meet emergencies. He was a member of 
the Old School Baptist church, and greatly 
respected by all who knew him. The parents 
had twelve children, of whom three survive 
—Samuel, Thomas and Andrew. Our sub- 
ject was reared to manhood amid the scenes 

of pioneer life, and received a rudimentary 
education in the early subscription schools. 
January 9, 1859, he was married to Miss 
Susan Wright, daughter of Iradel and Eliza- 
beth "Wright, early settlers of Putnam County. 
Of their eleven children, seven are living — 
Elizabeth, who married George Burnett, of 
i Marshall County Kansas; Joseph, Noah., 
J Lucy, Elzy, L,.a and Omer. Mr. Morlan 
• owns a good form of forty-four acres, and 
I has been quite successful, He is a member 
J of the Christian church, and is at present 
j officiating as an elder in that church; he also 
I served as deacon for several years. Politi- 
I cally he is a Democrat; also a member of 
j Lena Lodge, No. 529, A. F. & A. M. 

ARRISON M. RAN DEL. farmer, sec- 

y\ tion 21, Monroe Township, was born in 
*0§ that township, December 25, 1838, son 
of William Randel, a native of South Caro- 
lina, who removed to Virginia with his par- 
ents in boyhood. From there they went to 
Hourbon County, Kentucky, whore he grew 
I to manhood, and there married Nancy Mc- 
| Reynolds. In 1824 he came to this county, 
! settling among Indians and wild animals in 
Monroe Township. There was no settlement 
: between his place and Crawfordsville. There 

were no roads, and he had to grind his corn 

in hand-mills, lie was a great hunter and 

shot a great deal of game for his own use. 

lie died April 17, 1884, in his ninety-second 

year. Our subject was reared on a farm and 

educated in the subscription schools of the 

early day. lie was elected surveyor of this 

I county in 1802. and re-elected three times, 

\ serving eight years, lie was elected county 

' treasurer in 1870. and re-elected in 1S72; 

was elected county auditor in 1874, serving 

, eiu'ht years, and was deputy auditor two 


years. The rest of his life has been devoted 
to fanning. May 1, 1857, he wu> marrie< 
to Nancy Stevens, daughter of Thomas 
Stevens, and their children are -Francis M., 
William M., James L., Carrie, Thomas 1\, 
Daniel \V. and Harry C. James L. is the 
present county auditor. Mr. Raudel owns 
544 acres of land, and is a member of the 
Christian church. 

^ffOHN II. WILSON, farmer and stock- 
ed raiser. Russell Township, was born in 
^ ( ; i Fleming County, Kentucky, November 
3, 1815, son of Thomas and Jane (Hughs) 
Wilson, the former a native of Pennsylvania, 
born June 13, 1775, the latter a native of 
Lexington, Kentucky, born July 13, 1789; 
they were of Irish ancestry. They had seven 
children, only three living — John, William 
and Sintilda. John was married December 
0, 1838, to Gracia A. Boyle, daughter of 
John am! Mary (Hughs) Boyle, the former 
a native of Canada, bom about 1775, and 
the latter a native of Pennsylvania, born also 
about 1775. They had twelve children, of 
whom two are living — Mrs. Wilson and 
Robert. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson have had live 
children — Eupliemia, born December 23, 
1839; Mary Jane, born August 17, 1842: 
Amanda J., born February 5,1847; .Martha, 
born July 13, 1855; John C, born October 
12, 1856. Eupliemia married W. Donohue, 
and had two children — Augusta A. and Mor- 
ton G. Mrs. Donohue died in 1884. Mary 
Jane married John Rogers, and resides in 
Russell Township. Amanda married George 
Goff, and has four children — Bertha, Leona, 
Earl and Charles; they reside in this county. 
Martha married Moses Burke, and their chil- 
dren are -Harry, James, Florence and John; 
they reside in Nebraska. John L, married 

Dolly Branson, and they have one child— 
i Torrence; they reside it; Russell Township. 
When Mr. Wilson first located l^-vc there 
were but few settlers, and a small amount 
I of cleared land. The water they used was 
obtained from puddles, and had to be boiled 
and skimmed for use. .Mr. Wilson's educa- 
tional advantages were limited to the sub- 

| scription schools that were taught in the 
primitive log school-house, with no conven- 

■ iences whatever. The house was poor, and 
! the teachers poorer still. Scholars suffered 
| severely from cold. His first teacher was a 
good penman, but a poor scholar otherwise. 
No teacher could take them farther than the 
rule of three in arithmetic, and most of them 
could teach no farther than long division. 
Mr. Wilson's grandfather Hughs was chap- 
; lain in the Revolutionary war four years. 
Mrs. Wilson's father and two brothers served 
in the war of 1812. Her brothers were 
taken prisoners by the British, and their lib- 
erty was purchased by a Canadian uncle. 
Mr. and Mrs. Wilson are members of the 
: Christian church. 

Jf AMES A. INGRAM, a son of Aaron 
\Un Ingram, and a farmer of Warren Town- 
'.-i ship, was born in Monroe County, 
Tennessee, February 18, 1824. lie came 
to Putnam County with his parents when 
he was ten years of age, where he was 
reared and educated in the log cabin school- 
house of that day. lie passed his early life 
upon the farm where he has since resided, 
and where lie has 240 acres of land. In 
politics he was formerly a Whig, but he 
voted for James K. Polk for the Presidency, 
and since that time has affiliated with the 
Democratic party. He was married May 5, 
1S46, to Miss Rosanna Chamberlain, who 



was horn in Chesterfield, New Hampshire, 
May 17, 1818, a daughter of Benjamin 
Chamberlain. They have had four children 
—James L., born February 12, 1847; Mary 
E., born October 1, 1848, wife of Worth- 
ington A. Williams, resides in Warren 
Township; Rosanna B., born July 24, 1850; 
Ann Jennette, born September 18, 1853, 
died June 5, 1867. Mr. Ingram is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church, and has been 
an elder several years. lie is greatly 
esteemed in the community where he is 

fflgARON INGHAM, deceased, an early 
jSS settler of Warren Township, was born 
"sfe 1 in Tennessee, October 10, 1700, son of 
John and Rachel Ingram, the former of Ger- 
man ancestry. He was married August 15, 
1810, to Anna Evans, who was born in 1800. 
They removed to Indiana in 1834, settling 
on section 22, Warren Township, where 
Mrs. Ingrain died September 25, 1830, and 
Mr. Ingram, January 15, 1815. They were 
the parents of eight children, and were 
members of the Presbyterian church. Mr. 
Ingram was a soldier in the war of 1812. 

T-tTILLIAM WRIGHT, a pioneer of 
^\/\l Putnam County, was born in Law- 

r~,:~r) rence County, Indiana, April 13, 
1821, a son of Samuel and Jane Wright, na- 
tives of Kentucky. His grandfather, William 
Wright, was a soldier in the Revolutionary 
war, and after the war settled in Wayne 
County, Kentucky. His paternal ancestors 
were Welsh, and his maternal, Irish. In 
1S24 he came to Putnam County with his 
parents, who located on the National Road, 

four miles south of Greencastle, where the 
father entered 100 acres of land and settled 
in the dense woods. He iirst erected a round 
log cabin, and the lirst year cleared the 
ground and put in sufficient corn to last them 
a year. About 1847 he removed to Mill 
Creek Township, locating on a farm which 
he had previously entered from the Govern- 
ment, and which had been leased for some 
time. He remained there until his decease, 
August 6, 1874. He was the father of thir- 
teen children, of whom nine are now living 
- — Hon. Greenwood Wright, of Wayne Coun- 
ty, Iowa; Cynthia, who married Wiley Smith, 
of Fountain County, Indiana, now deceased; 
Polly, widow of Josephus Gard, of Wayne 
County, Iowa; William; Brinton, of this 
county; Melinda, wife of William Ryan, of 
Morgan County; Henderson, a resident of 
Kansas; Milton, of Wayne County, Iowa; 
Nelson, of Putnam County. The deceased 
are — Martha, Sallie, Lueinda and Templeton. 
When he settled in the county wolves were 
in abundance, and bridlepaths were the only 
roads. He came here with five horses and 
money enough to enter 160 acres of land. 
From this beginning he acquired a large es- 
tate. He gave his children a fair education 
and a good start in life. He was a min- 
ister in the Regular Baptist church, and in 
politics a Republican. William Wright, our 
subject, has been reared to manhood in this 
county, and he received a common-school 
education. He was married December 16, 
1841, to Elizabeth Rude, and they had three 
children, two living — Nancy J., wife of John 
Finley, of Wayne County. Iowa, and Cynthia 
C, wife of John Rakes, also of Wayne Coun- 
ty, Iowa. For his second wife he married 
Ann Jones, and their one child is deceased. 
His third and present wife was Margaret 
Hill, and they have had eleven children, ten of 
whom are living- -Martha A., wife of Marion 



O'Neal, of Mill Creek Township; James N., 
of Wayne County, Iowa; Martesia A., wife 
ofL. L. Lucas, of this county; Lucretia,wife 
of J. M. Truesdale, also of this county; An- 
drew, of Mill Creek Township; Orlena, 
Frankie, George W., Homer and Elma. Mr. 
Wright located upon his present farm, sec- 
tion 17, in 1870, where lie owns 39fi acres 
of excellent land, lie is a Republican in poli- 
tics, and a member of the Missionary Baptist 
church. lie served as justice of the peace 
eight years, and has also served as deputy 
sheriff of Putnam County. His wife is also 
a member of the Baptist church. Her par- 
ents, George and Nellie Hill, were among rise 
first settlers of Putnam County. Her father 
is deceased. 

OILN SALLUST, a pioneer of Mill 
Creek Township, was born in Montgom- 
:^f cry County, West Virginia, May 6, 1826, 
son of James and Sarah A. Sallust, natives of 
Virginia. His father's ancestors were Eng- 
lish and Irish. His parents came to Putnam 
County in IS—, his father settling in what 
is now Mill Creek Township, where he en- 
tered laud front the Government. lie located 
on the land now owned by our subject. JIe 
built a loo; cabin in the forest ere a stick had 
been cut. lie endured ail the toils and pri- 
vations of the early pioneer, and being a poor 
man had to work hard. He was energetic 
and ambitious, and left a comfortable estate 
for his family. Of his six children three are 
living John, William II. and James R. lie 
was a Democrat in politics, and a representa- 
tive pioneer. In his death Putnam County 
lost: an honest, enterprising citizen. John 
Sallust has been a resident of Mill Creek ever 
since he first came here, lie was married 
in September, 1860, to Sarah M. Jones, and 

thev had twelve children, of whom nine are 


A., wi1 

Q \ 

William IL, Charles M., John A., Oscar A., 
Gilbert, Florence, Daisy E. and Ernest M. 
The deceased are- Itayborn, .Matilda and one 
that died in infancy. Mr. Sallust owns 240 
acres of land, and has been a successful farm- 
er. In politics he is a Democrat. 

^pAVID P. FARROW, an early settler of 
./ Putnam County, was born in Mont- 
.; gomery County, Kentucky, August 11, 
lsl'J, son, of Alexander S. and Elizabeth 
(Nelson I Farrow, also natives of Kentucky, 
both being of Irish and English descent. 
His father and grandfather were soldiers in 
the war of 1812. When eleven years of age 
he came to this county with his parents, who 
settled ten miles north of Greencastle, where 
he purchased and entered land and remained 
until his decease. His parents had ten chil- 
dren, of whom seven survive— David P., 
Alexander C, Joseph II., Elizabeth, wife of 
A. M. Lockridge; Mary Q., wife of Joseph 
Crow; Elvira W., who married Alonzo Rob- 
erts; Jane, who became the wife of Alexander 
Bryant. The country was entirely new when 
Mr. Farrow settled here, and he necessarily 
endured many hardships and privations. In 
politics he was formerly a Whig, but in later 
life a Republican. While residing in Ken- 
tucky he represented his county in the Legis- 
lature, lie was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and respected by all who 
knew him. lie was for many years a local 
preacher. Our subject was reared to man- 
hood in this county and obtained a common- 
school education. He was married March 25, 
1844, to Miss Elizabeth Lickridge, a daughter 
of Robert and Elizabeth Lickridge, and their 
children are — Elizabeth C, wife of Captain 


"W. P. Wimmer; James A. and Bertha. The i I. O. (). F. Besides havino" charae of four 
deceased are — Angela, Mary F. and Martha, churciies lie gives considerable attention to 
Mr. Farrow is the owner of 400 acres of good finning. In polities he was formerly a 
land, nearly all of which lie has obtained by j Democrat, but is now a Prohibitionist, 
his own industry and good management. He I 

is a member of the Methodist Episcopal j -^-**§*s*-»5-^«« 

church, and for several years has been a local j 

minister. In politics he is a Republican j g||TROTHEB P. VAUGHAN, a promi- 

Greenbacker. lie is conceded to be one of ; A^l, uent farmer and stock-raiser, residing 

the best business men of his township. *§p on section 10, Jefferson Township, was 

! born in Lincoln County, Kentucky, February 

^g^Mj^SJH^ : 22, 1841, son of Thompson and Elizabeth 

: Vaughan. natives of the same State, and of 

P^EV. ALEXANDER S. MAYJ1ALL re- English descent. His ancestors immigrated 

sides on section 27, Jackson Township, ; from England and settled in Virginia. His 

■^£\ where he owns ninety-six acres of well- | parents had eleven children, nine of whom 
cultivated land. lie was born in this county j are living — Joseph, of Mill Creek Township; 
December 13, 1840, son of .John Hand Mary John C, of Ray County. Missouri; Thomas 
(Hawkins) Mayhall, natives of Kentucky,] A., of Hendricks County, this State; Simeon 
the former of Welsh descent, and the latter I L., of Douglas County, Illinois; Strother P.; 
of Scotch-Irish. They came to this county j Sarah E., wife of Janus Knight, of Marion 
in 1830, settling in Jackson Township, where j Township; Nancy, wife of John Baldock, of 
the father still resides at the age of seventy- | Jefferson Township, arc! Patti A., wife of 
seven years. The mother died in 1847. They j Thomas W. IJowen, also of Jefferson Town- 
had four children, of whom our subject is the j ship. He was reared to manhood in his 
third child. Lie taught school twenty-two j native county, and educated in the common 
years, mostly in Jackson Township. He was j schools of his time. He came from Ken- 
married in this county in I860 to Susan E., j tucky to this county in 1802, and in July of 
daughter of Elder John and Julia (Finnell) j that year enlisted in Company I, Fifty-fifth 
Case, who was born in 1S42. Her parents Indiana Infantry, ami was out in the 100- 
were pioneers of Putnam County, her father days' service, having done garrison duty on 
having entered the land where they now re- the Ohio River. He was discharged at the 
side. Roth parents are deceased. Mr. and expiration of his term of service, and in the 
Mrs. Mayhall have three children -"William spring of 1803 enlisted in the construction 
F.. Lillian 11. and Robert C. They are also corps. Army of the Cumberland, under (Ten- 
rearing a little girl— Artie Agsdale. Mr. eral Thomas, lie remained in the service 
Mayhall was ordained a minister in l>i75. until the close of the war. then returned to 
and has since been preaching in Putnam, Putnam Comity, where he has since resided. 
Hendricks and Parke counties. He preaches A greater part of his life has been devoted 
in the Missionary Baptist church. He be- to farming. He conducted a saw-mill at 
long.- to the Masonic fraternity, being a Mount Meridian, tin's county, nine years, and 
member of Groveland Lodge. lie is also a he followed carpentering a i\:\v years. He 
a member of New Maysville Lodge. Xo. 374, was married February 22, 1808, to Nancy A. 



Bowen, of Marion Township. Six of their 
seven children are living Henry W., Sel- 
dou J... Benjamin F., Oliver P., Theodore 0. 
and Frederick W. lie settled in his present 
home in 1870, where he has 380 acres of 
land. He is a Republican in politics, and 
lias held the office of constable two years, 
and was justice of the peace nine years, lie 
also served as trustee of Jefferson Township 
two years. Both himself and wife are mem- 
bers of the .Methodist Episcopal church. His 
entire attention is devoted to farming and 
stock-raising, in which he has been very suc- 
cessful. Mr. Faughan's parents came to 
Putnam County in 1864, and now reside at 
Mount Meridian. 

_«<,_ ,(w}- -^T-n ?-*-«; j-1-.j 


O. FORDICE, of Russell Town- 
ip, was born in Morgan County, 
* Ohio, town of Bristol. February 17, 
IS 10, ±on of William and Ruema Fordice, 
natives of Scotland, the former born about 
17X0, and the latter about 1785, They had 
nine children, seven of whom are living. .One 
sister is in Lawrence County, Ohio, and the 
others reside in this State. Asa was married 
in 1X55 to Mary V. Chambers, daughter of 
George W. and Nancy Chambers, who was 
born in 1822. Her parents were natives of 
Kentucky, and had live children, three of 
whom are living, Air. and Mrs. Fordice 
have seven children — Charles, Sarah A., 
Clara, Ella, Anna, Emma and Morton. Clara 
married Willis Blackly, and their children 
are --Ray and Ralph. Alice married Robert 
Ashby, and they have four children— Thomp- 
son, Frederic, Wallace and Sena. Mr. For- 
dice had very limited advantages for an 
education; could only attend school during 
the unpleasant weather, being obliged to 
work during the pleasant weather. He owns 

I 700 acres of land, and has made all his 
I property by his own exertion. He com- 
| menced for himself without, a dollar. Both 
; himself and wife are members of the Presby- 
terian church. 

STiEWISM. BUIS, a pioneer of Putnam 
%\ff County, was born in this county, May 
| & 15, 1833, a son of Caleb and Margaret 
j Buis, who were among the first settlers of 
i the county. His father was a native of Vir- 
; ginia, and from there removed to Tennessee, 
I thence to this county, locating in Warren 
! Township. He subsequently settled in Jef- 
| ferson Township, where he died November 
j IX, 1870. His mother died in 1854. Of 
j their large family of children, only six sur- 
j vive — William R., Dr. G., of Wayne County; 
\ Lewis M., Caleb F., Levi, of Clay County, 
; Illinois, and Jane, wife of G. Prichard, of 
; Owen County. Caleb Puis was a promi- 
nent man, and assisted in every worthy en- 
; terprise. None knew him but to respect 
: him. Himself and wife were members of 
j the Regular Baptist church. He entered 
| land in Jefferson Township, and like all pio- 
j neers, endured hardships and privations. 
| Lewis M. Buis was reared to manhood in his 
native county, and received a limited educa- 
tion in the common schools of his time. He 
has always been a farmer, and has done a 
great deal of pioneer work. He was married 
October 13, 1854, to Rebecca Wallace, 
j daughter of Enoch and Winnie Wallace, who 
I were natives of Tennessee and early settlers 
j of Putnam County. Of their eleven chil- 
j dren, nine are living — Albert E., James G., 
i Alonzo, Reason, Lawrence, Florence, Orpha 
i O. and Pearl M. Mr. Buis owns 212 acres 
I of good laud, and has been a very snecess- 
| ful agriculturist. One of his aunts, Mrs. 




Mary Nosier, of Clay County, is said to liavo ! lucky. He participated in the battle of 

been the first lady married in Jefferson i Uniontown, where he was taken prisoner, but 

Township. j was paroled and scut to Indianapolis, where, 

ra m & t at the expiration of his term of service, he 

' ^ ^ v j was discharged. He engaged in the lumber 

j trade at Greencastle in 1877, and associated 

rf^-LLEN BUTCHER resides in Clinton j J. C. Rati iff with him under the firm name 

\~l Township, where she owns a farm of of Ratliff & Grubb. In 1885 they mutually 

i^ fifty acres. From this farm she has ! dissolved the partnership, and Mr. Grubb 

made a support for herself and family of four j continued the business alone. March 12, 

children for the past twenty years. She has j 1862, he was married in Madison Township 

had six children— Columbes and Richard, j to Miss Mary E. Perkins, and they hast- four 

deceased; Amelia, Ira, Amanda and Milton ! living children — Henry IL, Otis, Myrtie and 

C. Amelia married P. Shnnkwiler, son of 'Stella: Frances Ann died at the aire of two 

Daniel and Ruth Shnnkwiler, and has one years: Oliver died April 25, 18S6\ aged sev- 

child— Pearl. Mrs. Butcher's husband, El- ! enteen years; Minnie is also deceased. Po- 

sepus Bnteher, died April 1, 1SC7. lie was litically Mr. Grubb is a Republican. Me is 

a farmer by occupation, and resided on the a member of Putnam Lodge, No. 45, I. ( ). 

farm at the time of his decease. lie was a ! G. T., at Greencastle. 

devoted husband, a kind and affectionate I 

father, and a zealous member of the Meth- ■— - 'I^mS* ^' * -*- 

odist Episcopal church. The three unmar- 

ried children are living at home, taking care 
of their aged mother. Mrs. Butcher and all 
of her children arc members of the Method- 
ist Episcopal church. 

|A.NIEL L. IIKXRY, the leading ice 
/I dealer of Greencastle, residing on sec- 


tion 8, Greencastle Township, was born 
in East Tennessee November 11. 1832. Mis 
lather, John Henry, was born in Virginia 

.^„,1.,..; M -_.:,.,__ . ; aut ] f German ancestry. His mother was 

born in Tennessee, and of English descent. 
gf$ EORGE W. GRUBB. denier in lumber. In 1835 became to Indiana with his parents, 
lath, shingles, etc., at Greencastle, was who settled near Bloomington, and remained 
born in Madison Township, this county, there until 1848, then removed to Putnam 
January 2, L842. second son of the ten chil- County, where the father died, and where the 
drcn of Joseph and Ann (Cricks) Grubb, mother now resides. Daniel L. followed 
who came to this county in 1837. lie was farming and milling until 1S73, since which 
reared a farmer in his native county, and time he has been engaged in the ice trade,