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Gc M. LL' 






ithSfWillfflfiTiX.KPBLrC LfBRARY 

3 1833 02402 2821 


Eminent and Self-made Men 

















.HE history of Indiana is not an ancient one. It is the record of the steady growth 
of a community planted in the wilderness within the present century, and reaching 
its magnitude of to-day without other aids than those rendered by industry. There are 
those yet living who remember the battle of Tippecanoe as a contemporary event; the 
children of many of those who fought in that struggle are still with us and with our 
sister states. It is only a short time since we parted with venerable citizens whose 
memories extended back to 1787, when the great ordinance was passed that opened the north- 
west to settlement and civilization. The boys and girls now attending school will be at the liead 
of famihes before we can celebrate our centenary. It is true that before the Revolutionary War 
there were a few scattered settlements beyond the Alleghanies; but these are in no sense the 
progenitors of Indiana, Illinois, or Michigan. They had no communication witli each other, and 
scarcely with France, their common mother; and those who dwelt in them were as truly exiles 
as if they were on the island of Juan Fernandez. They heard no echo of the outside world, 
excepting once a year, when a vessel from home arrived in the Mississippi and dispatched its 
stores to the villagers. The French towns made no advance on the forest; no further immigration 
followed their planting, and the sole permanent memorials we have of them are the names of 
some rivers and towns, and the preservation of French surnames by their descendants. The 
true life of the community began when immigrants arrived from Virginia, North Carolina, and 
Pennsylvania, soon to be followed from New York and New England. The land was an almost 
perfect plain, except near the Ohio, and this vast expanse was wooded from Lake Erie to the 
southern boundary, save in the prairies of the north-west. Before the peace with Great Britain, 
in 1815, settlements were not safe. The scattered pioneers were in danger from Indians, often 
covertly abetted by the English ; ferocious beasts were numerous, there were long distances 
between one town and another, and the paths were completely uninhabited. As a consequence, 
the settlers were obliged to manufacture every thing for themselves. Their clothes were homespun, 
and their furniture was shaped by the ax. The houses in which they dwelt were log cabins, 
each standing in a little clearing, and the rod and the gun were obliged to supplement the 
necessarily scanty yield of the ground, for no soil can produce much farm produce when 
encumbered by trees, and felling them was tlie first task to which the pioneer addressed himself. 
When, however, by the treaty of Ghent, we were secured in the possession of our rightful 
boundaries, troubles ceased with the red men, and roads were laid out, immigrants came pouring 
in, and from that time to this the state has not stood still. Schools were begun, the newspaper 
press was established, and steamboats carried the products of the soil to distant lands and 
returned other commodities in exchange. When the Erie Canal was completed in New York, 
the example of that state was imitated in Indiana. She began an extensive series of internal 
improvements, which, although they plunged lier in debt, were of the greatest value for her future 
prosperity. Not long afterwards railroads were first put into operation, and by them settlers had 


a facility in reaching the fertile lands of the state which they had not previously had, and the 
enterprise previously shown was redoubled. Every thing produced in the United States can 
now be obtained within thirty-six hours of the time when ordered. This material progress has 
not been gained at the expense of more important things. Indiana has not neglected higher 
education nor the claims of humanity ; colleges and high schools, asylums and hospitals, exist 
in numbers, and, with the exception of a few abstruse branches rarely taught in universities, no 
student has occasion to go elsewhere to pursue his studies. The soil yields abundantly; food is 
cheap, and labor is in demand. Had we not become accustomed to the spectacle, such growth 
would seem as marvelous to us as Aladdin's palace did to the potentate who surveyed its stately 
proportions the morning after its construction. Two millions of people, four hundred thousand 
dwellings, two hundred thousand farms, five thousand churches, are now where a few years since 
all was void and desolate. 

It is this history we celebrate in our pages. The advancement of the state has been that 
of its peoijle. The first generation subdued the soil, with eyes continually fixed upon a 
savage enemy; the second opened up the state to the world, built its canals, and began its 
railroads; and the third has completed the task set by its predecessors, and aided in suppressing 
the great rebellion. In this nearly every man in the state was engaged, and Indiana loses 
nothing by comparison with its sisters. Its fame thus acquired is great and honorable, and we 
have devoted much of our space to those who have won an enviable record in the struggle. 
But while narrating their deeds, we have not omitted to mention those who were engaged in 
peaceful pursuits. Our book is chiefly a record of living men. It has been a subject of regret 
to us that we have so few memorials of the fathers of our republic. Their task was arduous, 
and a grateful community should preserve them in remembrance. When Indiana shall become 
old and staid, when fortunes are hereditary, when libraries and historical societies are to be found 

every-where, memorials of the heroic age of the state will be eagerly sought, but pro' ly 

unavailingly, so little care has been taken for this purpose. As far as possible we have endea 
to supply deficiencies which we have known to exist, but indifference, idleness, and a desire 
often to sujjpress the truth have stood in our way, and we have not been able to gain full 
particulars of many but those now living. These we represent from all classes, professional, 
business, and agricultural, and we believe our pages contain a fuller account of the people of a 
state than has ever before been given. Comparatively few have had the benefits of an excellent 
education; nearly all have wrought out their destinies for themselves. It is a source of gratifica- 
tion to us that we have been able to gather so many details, and the future historian will find in 
our pages an inexhaustible storehouse of material. The state is growing; every-where manufac- 
tures have begun, and what is new and crude will speedily change for the better. But we do 
not believe that who shall attempt our task in the future will find more sincere and worthy 
men, or more self-sacrificing patriots, than those wliose histories we here relate. 

Index of Portraits. 

Dlst. Page 

Adrian, James A lo i 

Ames, George 13 i 

Armstrong, A. F 11 2 

Armstrong, Uel W I 3 

Arthur, Christopher S....11 4 

Baer, O. P 6 3 

Bayard, Samuel i 6 

Bender, John S 13 7 

Birdsell, John C 13 8 

Blair, Alonzo 7 loi 

Blake, James 7 102 

Bloss, John M i 7 

Boyce, James 6 12 

Braden, Daniel C 6 11 

Bradley, Nelson 7 9 

Brady, John 6 *i6 

Brady, Thomas J 6 93 

Brinkman, H i 9 

Brown, Austin H 7 12 

Brownlee, William R 9 2 

Buckles, Joseph S 6 16 

Bundy, M. L 6 17 

Burton, George \V 2 5 

Buskirk, George A 5 5 

Campbell, James 2 7 

Carpenter, Willard I 12 

Carr, Nathan T 5 6 

Carj;,.,'fver H. P 11 8 

Casebeet-. Jacob B 12 13 

Cauthorij, Henry S 2 9 

Caven, nhn 7 16 

Chase, kiram W 9 5 

Clancy, Albert W 6 19 

Clark, Grorge C 6 20 

Clark, Raymond W 9 5 

Claypool, Benjamin F 6 22 

Cobb, O. P 4 83 

Coffroth, John R 9 8 

Colborn, A. R 13 15 

Cole, C. B 3 7 

Cole, James W 5 7 

Colerick, D. H 12 19 

Colerick, John 12 j8 

Compton, Isaac M 8 8 

Converse, Joel N 6 98 

Cook, Frederick W i 16 

Coquillard, Alexis 13 17 

Corbin, Horace 13 18 

Corby, William 13 tza 

Cowgill, Calvin II II 

Cumback, William 4 13 

Cummins, Stephen M 13 19 

Dakin, George M 13 19 

Davidson, Robert P 9 9 

Davison, Andrew 4 17 

Day, Samuel D 7 27 

DePauw, Washington C. 3 10 

Douglass, Robert 7 32 

Dist. Page 

Downey, Alexander C 4 19 

Downey, William D i 17 

Downs, Thomas J i 18 

Drake, James P 7 33 

Dudley, William W 6 24 

Earl, Adams 9 11 

Early, Jacob D 8 11 

Edgerton, Alfred P 12 S'44 

Edgerton, Joseph K 12 24 

Edwards, William H 2 11 

Ekin,JamesA 3 13 

English William H 7 209 

Evans, Jesse L 9 36 

Ferrier, W. S 3 16 

Fletcher, Miles J 7 42 

Foley, James B 4 23 

Fowler, Inman H 5 13 

Fowler, Moses 9 13 

Franklin, William M 5 14 

Friedley, George W 2 12 

Gaar, Abram 6 30 

Gaff, James W 4 -14 

Garrigus, Milton 11 17 

Gilbert, Curtis 8 15 

Glessner, Oliver J 7 45 

Gooding, David S 7 227 

Gookins, Samuel B 8 17 

Gordon, Jonathan W 7 48 

Green, John 9 15 

Green, Martin R 4 29 

Grove, John B 5 15 

Hackleman, E II 19 

Harding, Myron H 4 81 

Harding, Stephen S 4 77 

Haynes, Jacob M 11 20 

Heilman, William i 59 

Hendricks, Thomas A.... 7 91 

Hervey, Robert G 8 55 

Holmes, Samuel W 3 21 

Holmes, W. C 7 100 

Horton, Theodore n 24 

Hough, John 12 38 

Hough, William R 7 98 

Howk, George V 3 23 

Hudnut, Theodore 8 56 

Hunter, W. D. H 4 36 

Huston, William 6 108 

Hyatt, Elisha 2 18 

Irwin, Joseph 1 5 19 

Jennings, Levi A 6 103 

Johnson, Richard 4 40 

Johnson, Thomas E 7 106 

Jump, Samuel V 6 44 

Kahlo, Charles 10 26 

Keith, John A 5 20 

Dist. Page 

Keith, Squire 1 5 21 

Kilgore, Alfred 6 47 

Kilgore, David 6 46 

Kinsey, Isaac 6 i 

Kline, W. B 6 48 

Lamb, James 4 41 

Landers, Franklin 7 124 

Lee, John 8 29 

Link, John E 8 31 

Loftin, Sample 7 126 

Lomax, William u 26 

Long, Thomas B 8 57 

Love, John 7 128 

Lowry, Robert 12 i 

Macaulev, Daniel 7 133 

Macy, David 7 251 

Malott, Volney T 7 229 

Manson, Mahlon D 7 135 

March, Walter 6 51 

Marsh, Elias J 11 29 

Marsh, Ephraim 7 142 

Marsh, Tohn 6 53 

Marshall, Joseph G 4 47 

Martindale, Elijah B 7 281 

McClellan, Charles A. O.12 47 

McCnlloch, Hugh ,2 49 

McDonald, Isaiah B 12 51 

McDonald, Joseph E 7 147 

McDowell, James F 11 32 

McKeen, William R 8 35 

McRae, Hamilton S 6 55 

Mitchell, John 12 53 

Mitchell, Samuel M 5 29 

Moore, Samuel 11 33 

Mnrrical, Frank H 10 30 

Morris, Morris 7 258 

Morris, Thomas A 7 259 

Morton, Oliver P 7 153 

Nebeker, George 8 38 

Neely, Thomas S 6 59 

Newman, John S 7 

Niles, John B 13 46 

Oliver, James 13 47 

Parvin, Theophilus 7 262 

Pearson, James C 2 28 

Peed, Henry A 13 51 

Peirce, Martin L 9 24 

Peirce, Robert B. F 8 40 

Perkins, Samuel E 7 169 

Pettit, John U 11 36 

Phillips, T. C II I 

Polk, Robert L g 64 

Porter, Albert G 7 256 

Powell, Charles G 13 52 

Powell, Nathan 4 50 

Powell, Simon T 6 65 

Dist. Page 

Ratliff, Joseph C 6 68 

Ribble, William 6 70 

Rice, Martin H 7 178 

Ridpath, John C 5 36 

Roache, Addison L 7 252 

Robertson, Robert S 12 62 

Robinson, James H 12 64 

Robinson, Milton S 9 25 

Romaine, Samuel B 13 *22 

Root, Deloss 7 iJBi 

Roper, James A 13 55 

Rose, Chauncey 8 41 

Runyan, J. N 13 56 

SCHENCK, U P 4 56 

Schmuck, Gabriel 7 188 

Scott, John T 8 44 

Shanks, John P. C 11 55 

Sherwood, Marcus i 49 

Shipley, Carlton E 6 75 

Shoemaker, John C 7 190 

Simonson, Alfred 2 31 

Sleeth, James M 7 197 

Sorin, Edward 13 58 

Spann, John S 7 207 

Spencer, Jacob W 11 48 

Staley, Erastus H 9 27 

Stephenson, George W... 6 78 

Stewart, David M 6 79 

Stone, Asahel 5 80 

Studabaker, John 11 52 

Studebaker Bros 13 60 

Sullivan, Jeremiah 4 62 

Sutton, George 4 64 

Sweeney, Z. T 5 43 

Sweetser, James 11 54 

Taylor, Samuel M 9 29 

Templer, James N 6 82 

Thayv, Henrv G 13 63 

Thompson, David 6 83 

Trusler, Nelson 7 230 

Waldron, Edward H 9 30 

Wallace, W. DeWilt 9 31 

Webb, Willis S 7 237 

Welboi-n, J. F . 57 

Wilcoxon, Lloyd 6 87 

Williams, HnghT 4 75 

Williams, James D 2 40 

Williams, Jesse L i» 75 

Williams, Samuel P .2 77 

Winstai.dley, John B 3 4. 

Winterbotham, John H...13 73 

Winton, R 6 90 

Wolfe, Adam 6 8g 

Woollen, William W 7 243 

WooUey, Amos 13 75 

Wright, C. E 7 276 

Wysor, Jacob H 6 91 



Adair, John G 



Bennett, Thomas W 

Benoit, Julian 

Benz John. 

Addison, John 



Berry, Henry 

Adrian, James A 

Berry, Nineveh 

Albert, John C 

Allen, Horace K 

Best, James I 



Belts, Howard M 

Allen, Johnson W 


Biddle, Horace P 

Allison, James G 




Birdsell, John C 


Black, Milton 

Andrew, George L 

Andrew, William 

Anthony, Samuel T 



Blair, Alonzo 


Blake, James 

Blanchard, Caleb H i 

Armstrong, Addison F... 
Armstrong, Edward A... 
Armstrong, Joseph D 

Blanche, Willis 1 



Bland, M. Cora 


Bland, Thomas A 

Armstrong, Ud W 


Blessing, John 

Bliss, Malcolm G 1 

Armstrong, William B. C 


Armstrong, William P.... 



Blisli,John H 

Armington, William 



Bloch, Gotthilf. I 


Bloss,John M 

Blount, Henry F 

Arnold; John 


Arthur, Christopher S... 


Bobo, James R i 

Babcock, Elisha S 



Bond, Charles D x 

Backman, John J 



Bond, Richard C 

Baer, 0. P, 


Bonner Samuel A 

7 Ratliffe 

B;dcer, Conrad 


Boor, William F 

Baker, David V. C 


Borden, James W i 

Baker, John H 



Boswell, Thomas H 

Baker William 


Hoswell, William H 

Baldw'in, Daniel P 


Boyce James 



Boyd, James T 

Ball, William C 


Bracken, William H 

Bannister, Samuel N 

Banta, William H 

Barbour, Oliver P 

Barker, John H 





Bradley, Nelson 

Barker. Willi..m L 


Brady, John 

Barmore, David S 


Brady, Thomas J 

Barnaby, Howard 



Brakeman, Nelson L i 

Barnard, Obed 

Branham, Alexander K... 

Barnes, Herry F 



Brashear, Joseph T 

Barnett, Martin A 




Barnum, Abel 

Breen,John N 

Bartholomew, Artdlus V. 



Brenton, John T 

Bartholomew, Pliny W... 
Bartlett, Thomas 



Briggs, Abraham 

Bringhurst. Thomas H....I 

Barwick, R. P. C 



Brinkman, Henry 

Bassett, Thomas J 

Brodrick, Nehemiah F....I 

Bayard, Samuel 



Brotherton, William 

Bayliss, Jeremiah H 



Brower, Norman V i 

Baxter, James R 

Browne, Thomas M..^ 

Beach, John S 



Brown, Joseph......... 

Beagle, T. Warn 



Brown, Allen W 

Beardsley, Haviln 


Brown, Austin H 

Bearss, Daniel R 


Brown, Eli W I 

Bearup Henry I . 



Brown, George P 

Brown, Henry B i 

Beck, William H 


Beckner, James F 


Brown, James M i 

Beem, David E 


Brown, Jason B 

Beharrel, Thomas G 



Brownfield, John i 

Belding, Stephen 

Brownlee, John i 

Bell, Harvey 



Brownlee, William R 

Bell, William A 



Bryan, Anthony 

Bellamy, John F 


Buchanan, Jacob S 

Bement, Charles R 


Buchanan, Jamev 

Bender, John S 

Beniamin. Horatio N 

Buchanan. Samuel i 



Bucklen, Isaac i 

Dist. Page 

Buckles, Abraham 6 15 

Buckles, Joseph S 6 16 

Bulla, Joseph iM 6 18 

Bundy, Augustus E 10 13 

Bundy, Martin L 6 17 

Bunyan, William 12 10 

Burnell, Samuel 12 11 

Burchenal, Charles H 6 15 

Burke, Michael F 2 4 

Burger, John 10 .. 

Burnet, Stephen S 2 5 

Burrell, Bartholomew H.. 3 6 

Burson, John W 6 17 

Burson, George 10 13 

Burton, George \\ 2 5 

Buskirk, Clarence .A 7 13 

Buskirk, George A 5 5 

Buskirk, John W 5 6 

Buskirk, Samuel H 7 249 

Buller, Eli H 6 18 

Butler, John H 3 6 

Butler, John M 7 15 

Butler, William W 4 9 

Butterwonh, W. W 13 822 

Byers, Alexander R i 11 

Bynum, William D 2 6 

CadwaLLAdek, Nathan... 6 98 

Calkins, William H 13 11 

Campbell, James 2 7 

Campbell, John C. L 2 7 

Campbell, Samuel N 9 3 

Cannon, Greeubcrry C... 3 7 

Caress, James M 3 7 

Carleton, Wellington J... 7 103 

Carpenter, Willard i 12 

Cair, Nathan T 5 6 

Carr, William 12 12 

Carrington, Henry B 8 2 

Carson, William W 12 17 

Carter, Chauncey 10 14 

Carter, Scott 4 10 

Carter, William W 8 6 

Carver Lewis E 12 12 

Cary, Oliver H. P.'.'..'.'.'.'.'.'.li 8 

Casebeer. Jacob I! 12 13 

Cason, Thomas J 9 4 

Castle, Jay M 10 15 

Cauthorn, Henry S 2 9 

Caveu, John 7 '6 

Chamberlain. Orville T...13 12 

Chandler, John J i 15 

Chandler, "Morgan 7 19 

Chapin, Augustus A 12 t44 

Chapman, Charles W 13 12 

Charles, Emily T 7 20 

Chase, Charles H 13 13 

Chase, Dudley H 10 15 

Chase, Henry 10 16 

Chase, Hiram W 9 5 

Chatard, Francis S 2 7 

Cheney, John J 6 19 

Chipman, Samuel H 13 14 

Chittenden, George F.... 9 6 

Christy, Samuel 4 10 

Church, Osman W 10 14 

Clancy, Albert W 6 19 

Clapp, William M 12 15 

Clark, George C 6 20 

Clark, HaymondW 9 5 

Clark, Othniel L 9 7 

Claypool, Abraham J 6 23 

Dist. Page 

Claypool, Benjamin F 6 22 

Claypool, Solomon 7 21 

Clayton, John R 7 22 

Clugston, David R 12 18 

Cobb, O. P 4 83 

Cobb, Thomas R 2 10 

Coburn, John 7 240 

Coffev, Silas D 8 7 

Coffroth, John R 9 8 

Cogley, Thomas J 4 „ 

Colborn, A. R 13 15 

Cole, Albert n 10 

Cole, C. B 3 7 

Cole, James W 5 7 

Cole, Leonidas A 13 15 

Colerick, John 12 j8 

Colfax, Schuyler 13 16 

Collett, John 7 23 

Collett, Josephus 8 55 

Collins, Frederick L 13 17 

CoUins, James S 12 20 

Commons, William 6 97 

Compton, Isaac M 8 8 

Converse, Joel N 6 98 

Conway, John W 4 11 

Cook, Frederick W i 16 

Cooper, George W 5 9 

Coqnillard, Alexis 13 17 

Corbin, Horace 13 18 

Corby, William 13 {22 

Cotteral, William W 6 23 

Cowan, John M 8 9 

Cowgill, Calvin II n 

Crane, Charles E 2 11 

Cravens, J.anies H 7 263 

Cravens, |ohn 4 12 

Cravens. Samuel C 2 9 

Crozier, Amos W '.'.'' '.'."'.'.'. 4 12 

Culberlson, John W 7 26 

Culbertson, Robert H 8 9 

Culver, Primus P 9 8 

Cumback, William 4 13 

Cummins, Stephen M 13 19 

Curme, Arthur A 6 99 

Curtiss, George L 7 25 

Dailev, Joseph S II 13 

Dakin, George M 13 19 

Darnall, Jam"^es M 11 12 

Davenport. Benjamin L.. 13 20 

Davidson, Robert P 9 9 

Davis, Charles L 10 16 

Davis, Clarkscn 6 24 

Davis, Fielding L i 16 

Davis, Jefferson C 7 27 

Davis, John Steele 3 9 

Davis, Joseph W 13 23 

Davis, T. Henr^' 6 95 

Davis, William P 3 10 

Davison. Alexander A 3 8 

Davison, Andrew 4 17 

Dawson, John W 12 20 

Day, Samuel D 7 27 

Defrees, Joseph H 13 21 

De La Matyr, Gilbert 7 29 

De Long, Alexander W. II ij 

Denby, Charles i 17 

Denny. James M 12 22 

DePauw, Washington C. 3 10 

Dillon, Patrick 13 24 

Dobbs, Cyrus J 7 31 

Dist. ] 
Doherty, Fisher 8 

Dorma.i, Francis R 4 

Douglass, Alexander J.. ..12 

Douglass, Beujamin P 3 

Douglass, Robert 7 

Downey, Alexander C 4 

Downey, William D i 

Downs, Thomas J i 

Doxey, Charles T 9 

Drake, James P 7 

Dudley, William W 6 

Dufour, Ferret 4 

Du Hadway. Caleb S 6 

Dunbar, Hamilton J 7 

Dunning, Paris C 5 

Durham, James F 4 

Duzan, George N 9 

Dwenger, Joseph 12 

Eagle, J. C 6 

Earl, Adams 9 

Early, Jacob D 8 

Early, Samuel S., of 

Brownstown 3 

Early, Samuel S., of 

Terre Haute 8 

Ealon, Thomas J 7 

Eiigerton, Alfred P^ 12 

Edgerton. Joseph K 12 

Edsou. Haiiford A 7 

Edson, Joseph P i 

Edson, William P i 

Edwards, William H 2 

Effinger, Robert P ii 

Ekiii, James A 3 

Elder. James 6 

Elliott, Jehu T 6 

Elliott, John 7 

Ellis, Erastus W 13 

Ellis, John W 13 

Ellis, Jonathan W 11 

Elston, Isaac C 8 

Embree, Elisha i 

Emeison, Frank 3 

Emswiler, George P 6 

English, William H 7 

Ensley, George 12 

Ensminger, Joseph 8 

Erwin, Franklin B 13 

Erwin, John C .3 

Essick, Michael 1 10 

Evans, Jesse L 9 

Evans, Owen 6 

Evans, Robert M I 

Evans, William L i 

Everts, Orpheus 7 

Ewing, Charles W 12 

Ewing, George W 12 

Failing, Waller i 

Farriugton, Almond S 12 

Ferguson, James C 7 

Ferguson, Samuel W 9 

Fernandcs, Haniel H c 

Ferrall, Joseph D 12 

Ferrier, William S 3 

Felta, Christian 6 

Field, Elisha C 10 

Field, Nathaniel 3 

Finch, FabiiisM 7 

Finch, Hiram G 9 

Firestone, John R 12 

Fisher, Daniel W 4 

Fisher. Stearns 11 

Fisk, Ezra W 5 

Fitch, Charles H 3 

Fitch, Graham N 10 

Fitch, Lcroy 10 

Fletcher, Calvin 7 

Fletcher, Miles J 7 

Foley, lames B 4 

Ford, James 11 

Foust, Franklin H 12 

Fowler, Inman H 5 

Fowler, Moses 9 

Francis, Harry H 13 

Frankhn, William M 5 

Frazcr, James S 13 

Freeman, Amzi W 4 

Freeman, Azariah 10 

Fricdley George W 2 

Fromm, John 7. 10 

Dist. Page 

Fullenlove, Thomas J 3 18 

Fuller, Benoni S i 21 

Fulton, Joseph 9 14 

Gaar, Abram 6 30 

Gaff, James W 4 *i4 

Gaff, John H 4 =5 

Gaff, Thomas 4 25 

Gale, Jesse M 12 29 

Galvin, George W 7 43 

Gardner, Elbridge G 2 13 

Garrigus, Milton 11 17 

Garver, William 9 15 

Gavin, James 4 26 

Gent, Thomas 5 15 

Gerrish, James W. F 3 19 

Gibson, John 2 13 

Gilbert, Curtis 8 15 

Gilbert, John I 22 

Gilbert. Samuel E i 23 

Gillespie, William 4 27 

Gillett, S. T 7 43 

Givens, Noah S 4 2/ 

Gleason, Newell 13 28 

Glessner, Oliver J 7 45 

Gooding, David S 7 227 

Goodman, Reuben S 12 t44 

Goodwin, John R 4 28 

Goodwin, Thomas A 7 47 

Gookins, Samuel B 8 17 

Gordon, Jonathan W 7 48 

Gordon, Oliver C 6 31 

Gorsuch, Charles W 7 63 

Gould, Samuel W 13 29 

Graham, John A 11 18 

Granielspacher, Alois 2 13 

Graves, Kersey 6 31 

Gray, Isaac P 6 33 

Gray, John W 2 14 

Gray, Samuel F 7 268 

Gregory, Ralph S 6 33 

Green, Edward H 4 29 

Green, John 9 15 

Green, Martin R 4 2- 

Green, William F 7 63 

Greene, James W 8 20 

Griffin, Elihu 10 20 

Griffis, Theodore L 6 31 

Grisard, Frederick I 4 30 

Grose, William 6 ici 

Grove, John B 5 15 

Guipe, John 13 30 

Haas, Isaiah r 24 

Hacker, William 7 64 

Hackleman, E 11 19 

Hacklemaii, Pleasant A... 6 34 

Hackley, Frederick S 11 21 

Hagen, Andrew 7 65 

Hager, Jonathan B 8 21 

Haggart, Mary E 7 66 

Haines, Abraham B 4 15 

Hains, J;imes M 3 20 

Halford, Elijah W 7 69 

Hall, Jacob A 7 68 

Hall, Samuel A 10 21 

Hall, Weslev C 5 16 

Hall, William 4 31 

Ham, Levi J 13 30 

Hamilton, Allen 12 30 

Hamilton, Samuel 7 68 

Hrimmnnd, Abram A 8 21 

Hammond, Edwin P 10 21 

Hanna, Bayless W 8 22 

Hanna, Hugh...... 11 21 

Hnnna, John 7 69 

Hanna, Robert 7 70 

Hann.i, Samuel 12 32 

Hanna, Thomas 5 16 

Harding, George C 7 71 

Harding, Myron H 4 81 

Harding, Stephen S 4 77 

Harlan, Levi P 7 75 

Harrington, Henry W 7 76 

Harris, Jacob R 4 31 

Harris, tee O...... 7 78 

Harrison, Benjamin 7 70 

Harrison, William H 2 is 

Hart, Andrew T 7 80 

Harler, David 8 23 

Hartman, Ezra D 12 34 

Haughey, Theodore P 7 

Haughton, Richard E 7 

Hawkins, Nathan B 11 

Hay, Andrew J 3 

Hay, Lawrence G 7 

Haymond, William g 7 

Haynes, Jacob M 11 

Haynes, Robert P 2 

Hazelrigg, Harvey G 9 

Hazen, Zachary T 4 

Hazlett, James 9 

Headington, John W 11 

Headington, Nnnrod n 

Hedges, John S 6 

Heff'ren, Horace 3 

Hege, Samuel 5 

Heilman, William i 

Heiner, Frederick 7 

Heller, James E 7 

Helm, Jefferson 6 

Helm, JohnC 6 

Helm, John H ii 

Helm, Thomas B to 

Henderson, Ebenezer 7 

Hendricks, Thomas A.... 7 

Hendricks, William 4 

Hendry, Alanson W 12 

Henry, W. Crawford 4 

Herbert, Ralph P 12 

Hervey, Robert G 8 

Hess, Balser 13 

Hess, William B 13 

Hiatt, Allen R 6 

Hibberd, James F 6 

Hicks, R. S.. 

; W.. 

Hill, Ja 

Hill, Ralph 

Hinton, James S. 
Hodgson, Isaac. . 
Hodson, John M. 

Hoff, Michael 

Hogeland, Israel. 

Holley, Sylvester ^. 

Hollr - ' 







4 t'4 

David P 7 

vay. William R 7 

'. will I a 



Holstein, Charl 
Hord, Francis 1 
Home, John.... 
Horrall, Albion 
Hosford, Charl 
Hoskins, J.imes 
Hostetter, Hen 
Hough, John... 
"■ ngh, W" 

m S. 

1 W. 




rd. Da 

Howard, Jonas G 

Howard, Noble P 

Howard, Tilghman A 

Howell, Mason J 

Howk, George V 

Hubbard, Charles S.. 
Hudnut, Theodore.... 
Hudson, William D... 
Hudspeth, Thomas J. 
Huff. Thompson D:.. 
Hughes, Thomas E. . 
Humphreys, Louis.... 

Hunt, Franklin W 

Hunt, Hubbard 







Hunter, W. D. H 4 36 

Huston, Willi:,m 6 

Hyatt, Elisha 2 

DDINCS, Hiram 12 

glehart, Fer.linand C 5 

ngle, John,Jr ? 

rwin, Elisha ,3 

rwin, John W ,\ 

rwin, Joseph 1 5 

rwin, Joseph W i 

MKSON, Jesse K 6 

meson, Patrick H 7 


Jennings, Jonathan 3 

Jennings, Levi A 6 

Jewett, Charles L 3 

Johnson, George S 4 

Johnson, Henry 13 

Johnson, Isaac C 11 

Johnson, Israel ,0 

Johnson, Jarvis J 5 

Johnson, Richard 4 

Johnson, T'homas F 7 

Johnson, William H 10 

Jones, Aquila 7 

Jones. Charles W 2 

Jones, John 4 

Jones, William H 4 

ludah, Samuel 2 

Julian, George W 7 

Julian, Jacob B 7 

Julian, John F 7 

Jump, Samuel V 6 

Justice, James M 10 

Kahlo, Charles 10 

Keith, Benjamin F 2 

Keith, John A 5 

Keith, "Squire 1 5 

Kemper, William H 6 

Kennedy, Peter S 8 

Kenower,John „ 

Kercheval. Robert T i 

Kercheval, Samuel E 2 

Kerr, Michael C 3 

Kibbey, John F 6 

Kilgore, Alfred 6 

Kilgore, David 6 

Kimmel. Louis 9 

King, E. Douglass 5 

Kinsey, Isaac 6 

Kirby, Thomas 6 

Kirkpatrick, Thomas M..11 

Kirkwood, Daniel 5 

Kline, William B 6 

Knefler, Fred ^ 

Koerner, Charles C 7 

Koontz, Jacob H 6 

La Foi.lette, D W 3 

Laird D. T , 

Lamar, John H 4 

Lamb, George C 8 

Lamb, James 4 

Lamme. Edwin H 7 

Land, William M i 

Landers, Franklin 7 

Lane, Henrv S 8 

Langtree, Samuel D 4 

Lanning, Joseph R 12 

Lathrop, Ezra 4 

Lathrop, Levi P 4 

Lee, Clement 2 

Lee, John 8 

Lee, Maurice J 8 

Leonard, Wellington Y...12 

Link, John E 8 

Livings, Theodore 4 

Lockhart, Horatio ] 6 

Lockhart, Robert M 12 

Lockridge, Andrew M.... 5 

Lockridge. John E 7 

Loftin, Sample 7 

Lomax, William ,1 

Long, E. V 13 

Long, Thomas B 8 

Lordeman, Francis ,, 

Love, Benjamin F 7 

Love, Tohu 7 

Love, John W 7 

Lovett, Daniel W 4 

Lovett, John W 9 

Lovett, David 4 

Lovett, John A 10 

Lyons, Ira E n 

Lyons, Willi.nm B it 

Macaiilev, Daniel 7 

Macy, David 7 

Macy, John W 6 

Maddock, William B jo 

Main, Reuben P 3 

M.ijor, Alfred 7 

Makepeace, Allen q 


Dist. Page 

Malott, Volney T 7 229 

Mann, John 3 26 

Mann, Peter 3 27 

Manson, Mahlon U 7 135 

Mansnr, Isaiah 7 141 

March, Walter 6 31 

Marine, Abijah 6 52 

Marlett, John J i 31 

Marmon, Daniel W 7 14, 

Marsh, Albert 6 52 

Marsh, Elias J n 29 

Marsh, Epiiraim 7 142 

Marsh, John 6 53 

Marshall, Joseph G 4 47 

Marshall, William K 3 28 

Martin, Alexander 5 25 

Martin, Augustus N 7 143 

Martindale, Elijah B 7 281 

Mason, Charles H i 32 

Mason, James L 7 M9 

Mass, Isaac 2 22 

Matchette, Aliqne C 13 36 

Matthewson, Reuben C. i 34 

Mattison, Hamilton A i 33 

Mavity, Willfam K .11 29 

Maxwell, David H 8 33 

Maxwell, Samuel C 10 28 

Maxwell, Samnel F 8 33 

Maynard, Jacob B 7 260 

McBride, R. Wes 12 45 

McCleilan, Charles A. O.12 47 

McClell.m, James 12 46 

McClelland, Marqnis L...10 28 

McClure, Samuel ,1 30 

McClure, William 4 *I4 

McConnell, Stewart T 10 27 

McCord, Robert G 3 28 

McCormack, Patrick H... 5 27 

McCoy, Matthew 12 48 

McCnlloch, Hugh 12 49 

McDonald, Isaiah B 12 51 

McDonald, Joseph E 7 147 

McDowell, James F 11 32 

McGregor, Alexander.... 8 59 

McGuire, Ezekiel W 6 104 

Mclntire, Elihn S 2 24 

Mclntire, Oliver E 10 29 

McKeen, William R 8 35 

McKew, Arthur 6 53 

McLallen, Elisha L 12 52 

McLallen, Henry 12 52 

McMeans, John 12 53 

McRae, Hamilton S 6 54 

McSheehy, Thomas 7 270 

Meacham, Alfred B 2 23 

Meek, James S j 27 

Mellett, Joshua H 5 57 

Mendenhall, Nathan 9 ,9 

Merrifield, ThomTs J ,0 29 

Metcalf, Charles N 7 143 

Metcalf, Stephen 9 20 

Michener, Louis T 7 150 

Miers, R. W c 29 

Miller, Alfred B 13 38 

Miller, Tames 7 151 

Miller, John F ,3 39 

Miller, Lewis J 1 31 

Miller, William 13 42 

Milligan, Joseph 8 34 

Milligan, Lambdin P 11 31 

Mills, Caleb 8 36 

Miner, Byrum D 12 55 

Minich, James A 7 152 

:\Iinshall, Deloss W 8 37 

Mitchell, John 12 53 

Mitchell, Joseph A. S 13 39 

Mitchell, Samuel M e 29 

Mitchell, James L 7 151 

Mitchell, William 7 150 

Mock, Levi n 31 

Moffat, David W 12 55 

Moffatt, John F ,3 43 

Moffett,John 6 57 

Monks, Leander J 6 5S 

Montgomery, Robert 13 43 

Moore, Granville C 5 30 

Moore, Isaac S i 35 

Moore, Jackson L 2 24 

Moore, James W 6 58 

Moore, Joseph 7 153 

Moore, Marshall A 5 30 

Moore, Samuel 11 52 

Morehous, Philo 13 44 

Morrical, Frank H 10 30 

Morris, Morris 7 258 

Morris, Thomas A 7 258 

Morrison, Ezekiel 13 43 

Morrison, John 1 6 95 

Morton, O. P 7 153 

Moury, David „ 45 

Myers, Ch..rles A. 12 56 

Myers, Peter 3 29 

Myers, Samuel 9 20 

Myers, William R 9 21 

Nave, Christian C 5 31 

Nebeker, George 8 38 

Neely. Thomas S 6 59 

Neff, Henry H 6 59 

Neff. John 6 60 

Neff, John E 7 158 

Nelson, Thomas H 8 59 

Nester, John i 36 

New, JepthaD 4 15 

New, John C 7 269 

New, William... 7 159 

Newcomb, Dwight 1 37 

Newcomb, Horatio C 7 159 

Newland, Benjamin 2 25 

Newland, James H 10 30 

Newman. John S 7 =77 

Niblack, William E 7 160 

Nichol, Joseph W 7 253 

Nicholson, James C 10 31 

Nicholson, Timothy 6 60 

Niles. John B 13 46 

Noble, James 3 30 

Nord^ke, Addison H 7 162 

Nordyke, Ellis 7 l5i 

North, Benjamin 4 49 

Norvell, Horace V 2 25 

O'Brien, James, of Ko- 

komo II 33 

O'Brien, James, of Plain- 
field 5 32 

O'Donaghue, D 7 163 

Offntl, Charles G 7 163 

Ogdon, James W 2 26 

Olcoti, John M 7 164 

Oliver, James 13 47 

O'Neal, John H 2 26 

Orr, Joseph 13 47 

Orr. Samuel 6 61 

Osborn, Andrew L 13 48 

Overman, Emsley A 9 22 

Overman, Nathan R 9 22 

Overton. John G 8 39 

Owen, David Dale 1 39 

Owen, Richard i 37 

Owen, Robert i 39 

Owen, Robert Dale i 40 

Oyler, Samuel P 5 33 

Packard, Jasper 13 48 

Palmer, Truman H 9 23 

Parks, James O ,3 49 

Parrish, Charles S 11 34 

Parry, William 6 62 

Parvin, Theophilus 7 262 

Pattison, Alexander B.... 4 49 

Paul, George W 8 39 

Paxson, Jesse E 5 63 

Payne, Philander W 5 33 

Pearse, Milton W i 4, 

Pearson, Charles D 7 164 

Pearson, E. D 2 27 

Pearson, James C 2 28 

Peaslee, William J 7 167 

Peed, Henry A 13 51 

Peelle, Stanton J 7 16S 

Peelle, William A 6 63 

Peirce, Martin L 9 24 

Peirce, Robert B. F 8 40 

Perigo. Ezekiel t 41 

Perkins, Samuel E 7 i6q 

Pettit, John U II 36 

Pfaff, William A 7 171 

Phelps, Abraham M i 42 

Pickerill, Francis M 7 172 

Pickerill, George W 7 173 

Pierce, J. T 2 27 

Pierce, Simeon 

Pinchin, Abner F 

Pitchlynn, Hiram R 

Pitzer, Andrew B 

Pixley, Chelius S 

Polk, Robert L 

Pollard, Clark N 

Pope, Alexander : 

Porter, Albert G , of In- 

Porter, Albert G., of Leb- 

Posey, Francis B 

Posey, Thomas 

Post, Martin M 1 

Powell, Charles G : 

Powell, Nathan 

Powell, Simon T 

Powers, Edwin D 

Prather, Hiram 

Piather, Walter S 

Pratt, Alonzo J 

Pratt, Daniel D 

Prentiss, Nelson 

Pressler, Henry C 

Prickett, Fielding 

Prunk, Daniel H 

Prunk, Hattie A 

Pngh, William A 

Purcell, Royal E 

Ql'iCK, John 

Rabb, David G 

Ragan, Reuben 

Ralston, Samuel \\ .... 
Ralston, William G.... 

Ramsey, Samuel 

Rand.ill, Franklin P... 
R.insdell, Daniel M.... 

Rapp. George 

Ratliff, Cornelius, Sen 

Ratliff, Joseph C 

Rawles, Williamson.... 

Ray, Martin M 

Read, John F 

Reavis, William 

Reagan, Amos W 

Redding, Thomas B. . 

Reed, George I 

Reed, Nathan 

Reeve, Charles H 

Reinh.ard, George L... 

Reising, Paul 

Rerick, John H 

Reynolds, Alfred W... 

Ribble, William 

Rice, Martin H 

Richmond, Corvdon... 
Richmond, Nathaniel 

Ridpath, Abraham 

Ridpath, John C 

Rippev, Matthew 

Roache, Addison L.... 

Roberts, Daniel 

Roberts, Gains 

Roberts, Omar F 

Roberts, Robert 

Roberts, Thomas W... 
Robertson, Robert S.. 

Robins, Milton 

Robinson, Henry H... 
Robinson, James H... 

Robinson, John C 

Robinson, Milton S.... 
Rockwood. William O 

Rogers, Edmund J 

Romaine, SamuerB.... 

Romine, James 

Root, Deloss 

Roots, Francis M 

Roots, Philander H.... 

Koper, James A 

Rose, Chauncey 

Rose, Elihu E 

Rose, Tames E, John B 

Rose, Solomon 

Ross, John H 

Ross, Nathan O 

Runyan, John N 

Russ, George W 

7 178 

Dist. Page 

Salsburv, Henrv 7 187 

Salter, James W.'. 6 73 

Sample, Thomas J 6 74 

Sampson, James i 49 

Sanforti, George 10 35 

Say, Thomas i 50 

Sayler, Henry B 11 46 

Schefold, Frank 3 32 

Schell, Frederick A 5 38 

Schenck, U. P 4 56 

Schmitz, Charles A 12 68 

Schmuck, Gabriel 7 188 

Schofield, Sylvester H.... 5 39 

Schreeder, Charles C 3 29 

Schwartzkopf, John G.... 5 39 

Schweitzer. Bernhard 5 40 

Scobey, John S 4 57 

Scott, John 3 33 

Scott, John T 8 44 

Scribner, B. F 3 33 

Sexton, Marshall 6 76 

Shackelford, James M i 50 

Shanklin, JohnG 7 267 

Shanks, John P. C 11 55 

Shaw, Benjamin C 8 42 

Sherman, Mason G 13 57 

Sherrod, James H 2 31 

Sherwood, Marcus i 49 

Shideler, D. B 7 189 

Shiel,John J 3 36 

Shields, Jesse 10 36 

Shields, Meedey W 3 36 

Shipley, Carlton E 6 7i 

Shirk, Elbert H 11 46 

Shoemaker, John C 7 190 

Shoemaker, John W 5 43 

Shunk, David 11 52 

Simonson, Alfred 2 31 

Sinker, Alfred T 7 196 

Skinner, De Forest 10 36 

Slater, Frederick, Jr 4 +14 

Slaughter, W. W i 51 

Sleeth, George B 6 77 

Sleeth, James M 7 197 

Smart, James H 7 197 

Smith, Andrew J I 51 

Smith, Benjamin W 7 204 

Smith, Edward Q I 53 

Smith, Edwin 4 58 

Smith, Hamilton i 53 

Smith, Henry W 4 59 

Smith, Hubbard M 2 32 

Smith, John L 9 26 

Smith, lohn W 5 41 

Smith, Marquis L 13 58 

Smith, Oliver H 7 199 

Smith, Samuel W 2 33 

Smith, William Z 2 33 

Snyder, Harpe, W ,0 37 

Sparks, Levi 3 37 

Spilker, George W 6 78 

Spink, James C 2 34 

Spooner, Benjannu J 4 59 

Sorin, Edw.-.rd 13 58 

Spann, John S 7 207 

Spencer, Elijah M I 54 

Spencer, Jacob W 11 48 

Staff, Frederick S 5 42 

Staley, Erastns H 9 27 

Stansifer, Simeon 5 42 

Sledman, Nathan R..:.... 4 61 

Steele, Asbury 11 47 

Steele, George K 8 45 

Steele, George W 11 50 

Steele, Theodore 7 206 

Stephenson, Ge.nce W... 6 78 

Stevens, W.Trder W 3 37 

Stevens, William F 4 61 

Stewart, D.ivid M 6 79 

St. John, Robert T 11 45 

Stockslager. Strother M.. 3 38 

Stockton, Lawrence B 9 27 

Stone. Asahel 6 80 

Stough, Solomon 12 68 

Stov. Peter R 3 38 

Strader, Samuel McH.. .. 4 t'4 

Stropes, William P 2 36 

Stuart, William Z 10 37 

Stucker, David F 2 35 

Stucker, James F 2 35 

Stucky, JohnM 5 44 

Dtst. Page 

Studab.iker, John ii 52 

btud^baker, Peter ii 49 

Studebaker, Clement 13 60 

St.idebaker, Jacob F 13 61 

Su.debaker, John M 13 6. 

Sludeb.iker, Peter E 13 61 

Stutt, George W ,, 48 

Sullivan, Jeremiah 4 62 

Sutton, George 4 65 

Sutton, Willis E 4 70 

Surface, D.u,iel 6 81 

Swafford, Benjamin K 8 47 

Svvayzee, Anron C ,1 53 

Sweeney, Z. T 5 43 

Sweetser, James 11 54 

Sweetser. William II 55 

Swint, William i 54 

Taber, Cyrus 10 39 

'I'aber, Freeman 12 6g 

Talcolt, William C 10 39 

Tarkington, Joseph 4 71 

Taylor, Edwar.l H ,2 70 

Taylor, James E 6 82 

Taylor, James M 3 39 

Taylor, John L i 55 

Taylor, Lathrop M 13 62 

Taylor, Samuel H 2 36 

Taylor, Samuel M 9 28 

Taylor, Waller 2 37 

Taylor, W. C. L 3 45 

Teegarden, Abraham ,3 62 

Templer, James N 6 82 

Terhune, Thomas J 9 29 

Terry, Oliver C i 53 

Thayer, Henry G 13 63 

'Ihompson, Calvin D 9 29 

Thompson, David 6 83 

Thompson, John E ,3 65 

Thompson, Richard W... 8 47 

Thompson, Silas L 5 44 

Thompson, William M 6 85 

Tilford, Joseph M 7 229 

Tilford, Salem A 5 45 

Dist. P ge 

Tingley, Benjamin F 6 84 

Tipton John 10 40 

Todd, Jacob J 11 yj 

Tong, Lucius G 13 65 

Treiitman, August C .2 71 

Trentman, Bernard 12 71 

Trentman, HenryJ ,2 ^i 

Tripp, Hagerman 3 39 

Trisler, J. Randolph 4 „ 

Trissal, Francis I\l 9 3, 

Truby, Michael 13 67 

Trubv, Philip 13 67 

Trusler, Nelson 7 230 

Tucker, Silas 10 4, 

Turner, David 10 42 

Turner, Minns 6 S3 

Tutlle, Joseph F 8 43 

Tyner, James. 7 232 

Tyner, James N ,1 „ 

Uhl, Joseph 10 42 

Urmston, Stephen E 4 73 

Vance, Robert J 8 50 

Van Devanter. Isaac 11 78 

Van Natta, William S 10 43 

Van Valzah, Robert 8 49 

Veale, James C 2 37 

Vinton, Almus E 7 232 

Violett,John H I, 67 

Voorhees, Daniel W 8 ki 

Voyles, S. R 3 41 

Waldron. Edward H 9 30 

Walker, Geo. P, 1 55 

Walker, [ohii W 7 23, 

Walker, Lyman ,1 79 

Wallace, David 7 234 

Wallace, James 9 31 

Wallace. W. DeWitt 9 31 

Walts, John K 10 43 

Ward, Thomas R 9 32 

Ward, William D 4 73 

Warder, Luther F 3 

Waring, William P 6 

Warruin, Noble 7 

Washburn, Israel B 10 

Washburne, Henry D 8 

Wasson, William G 7 

Waterman, Miles ,2 

Watson, Enos L 6 

Wat.sou, Lewis L 2 

Watts, Howard 4 

Webb, Willis S 7 

Webster, Alexander 3 

Wedding, Charles L ", 

Weicl.t, William C 12 

Weir, Elijah W ,2 

Welborn, Joseph F , 

Welborn, Oscar M , 

Wells, Hiram E 2 

Wells, Joseph P 4 

Wells, Merritt 7 

West, Vincent T i 

Whilcomb, James 8 

White, Emerson E g 

White, John H 7 

While, Michael D 8 

Whitesell, Joseph M 6 

Wilcox, Samuel P 13 

Wilcoxon, Lloyd 6 

Wildman, John F 9 

Wiles, William V 5 

Willard, Ashbel P 2 

Willard, Charles F 6 

Willard, James H 2 

Williams, Frederick S 9 

Williams, Hugh r 4 

Williams, James D 2 

Williams, James 1 7 

Williams, Jesse A ,0 

Williams, lesse L u 

Williams, John S 9 

Williams, Samuel P ,2 

Williams, William C 12 

Williams, William F 5 

DIat. Pago 

Williams, William J ,0 44 

Williamson, Delano E , I, 

Willson, Samuel C 8 It 

Willson, Volney 6 88 

Wilson, Elbridge G 2 42 

Wilson, Francis 2 4, 

Wilson, Lsa.ic H 7 248 

Wilson, Robert Q „ 79 

Wilson, Thomas H ,0 li 

Wilson, Waller 10 46 

Wil.son, William C 9 34 

Winfield, Maurice ,0 47 

Winkler, William M 5 48 

Winstai.dley, John B 3 4, 

Winterbotham, John H...13 73 

Winton, Horace 11 80 

58 Winton, Robert 6 90 

38 Wishard, William H 7 242 

Withers, Warren H ,2 80 

Wolfe, Adam 6 89 

Wolfe, Harvey S 3 42 

Wolfe, Simeon K 3 43 

Wood, Martin 10 47 

Wood, Thomas J 10 49 

Woodfill, Gabriel 4 76 

Woods, Thomas ,3 75 

Woodworth, Benjamin S..12 81 

Woollen, Levin J 7 246 

Woollen, Thomas W 7 245 

Woollen, William W 7 243 

Woolley, Amos 13 75 

Worden, James I ,2 82 

Work, William F 3 47 

Works, John D 4 76 

Wright, Charles E 7 276 

Wright, Henry C 13 76 

Wright, Joseph A 7 247 

Wysor, Jacob H 6 91 

Zaring, John A 3 48 

Zeller, Jacob A i ,q 

Zent, Samuel M 12 8a 

Zollinger, Charles 12 82 



First Congressional District. 

aih RMSTRONG, JOSEPH DAVIS, of Rockport, was 
^( horn in Meade County, Kentucky, Feljiuary 27, 
1837, and lived on a farm until the twelfth year 
of his age, when his father removed to Bran- 
denburg. George Armstrong, grandfather of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was a native of New York, his 
parents having emigrated to the colonies at a very early 
day. He was a volunteer soldier during the greater 
part of the Revolutionary War, being a member of one 
of the first New York i-egiments. His only brother, 
Archibald, was killed at the battle of New Orleans. 
Soon after the treaty of peace, he married Sarah Fair, 
also a native of New York, and about the year 1800 
moved to Kentucky, near Lexington, where he re- 
mained until the year 1810, when, in company with two 
other families, he came to Indiana Territory, and located 
near the present site of Corydon, Harrison County. 
That portion of the territory was then an almost un- 
broken wilderness, there being but few families within 
the present limits of Harrison County. These pioneers 
were compelled to cut their way through the wilderness 
with axes — sometimes having not even an Indian path 
to mark their way — until they arrived where two fami- 
lies who preceded them one year had located. The 
mode of living of this little colony was a novel one, 
their "Conestoga" wagons serving as dormitories. 
The Indians had not all disappeared, and the settlers 
lived in constant dread many months. But soon log 
houses were erected, and each family felt that it was in 
a fort sufficient to withstand any attack. Game, con- 
sisting of deer, panthers, turkeys, wolves, and an occa- 
sional bear, was in abundance, and the good housewives 
knew how to broil a steak to advantage. There were 
no mills in that portion of the territory, Init every man 
had his "mortar," in which he jiounded Indian corn, 

transported on pack-horses and in wagons from Ken- 
tucky, until it could be utilized for bread. George Arm- 
strong and his wife were devoted members of the 
Presbyterian Church, and lived to a ripe old age. 
They died within two hours of each other, and were 
buried in the same grave, leaving five children, the 
youngest, J.imes Fair, father of the subject of this sketch. 
James F. Armstrong was born in Lexington, Kentucky, 
August I, 1809, and was about one year old when his 
parents moved to the territory of Indiana. After their 
death, he lived with a sister until near his majority, 
when he learned the trade of a stone-mason, and 
worked on many public works in Kentucky and In- 
diana, among which was the canal around the falls at 
Louisville. In 1833 he was united to Miss Frances 
Brown, a native of Bullitt County, Kentucky, and soon 
after his marriage joined the Baptist Church, of which 
his wife was a member. In 1859 he was licensed by 
his Church to preach ; subsequently, he was ordained 
as a minister, and is now living in Harrison County, 
Indiana, farming, and preaching occasionally. Joseph 
Brown, father of Frances Armstrong, was a native 
of Virginia, and was among the first to volunteer in 
the War of the Revolution, and served till its end, 
a great portion of the time under the immediate 
command of General Washington. Soon after the 
close of the contest he married Abigail Wells, also 
a native of Virginia, and removed to Kentucky, 
where he opened a large farm in Bullitt County. Ten 
children were born to this couple, and they both lived 
until these were all grown and settled in life. Abigail 
Brown was about seventy years of age when she died ; 
her husband survived her, and died in the ninety-ninth 
year of his age, having lived to see an unbroken wil- 
derness handsomely improved and densely populated. 


\nt Disl. 

fiances Armstrong was burn in Piullilt County, Ken- 
tucky, June 30, 1799; she united with the Baptist 
Church when quite young, and remained a devoted 
member until her death, in March, 1873. She was the 
mother of three children — Sarah Abigail, Joseph Davis, 
and Hannah Permelia, the latter dying at the age of 
two years. This brings us to the history of Joseph D. 
Armstrong. In the spring of 1848 his parents left their 
farm and moved to Brandenburg, in order to educate 
their children. Their own instruction having been of 
the most limited nature, his parents felt that no sacri- 
fice would be too great to bestow its advantages upon 
their children. On account of sickness and other mis- 
fortunes, his father was left in 1852 almost destitute of 
property — his farm gone and his children not educated. 
Under these circumstances the only alternative for young 
Armstrong was to launch out into the world on his own 
responsibility. He first began, with his father, to learn 
the stone-mason's trade ; but after working through the 
summer he decided that it was not a good one, as it 
did not furnish constant employment. He then deter- 
mined to devote his energies to active business; and, 
through the recommendation of his friends, obtained a 
clerkship in the Pickett Tobacco Warehouse, in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, where he remained from March, 1853, 
until April, 1854, when, becoming tired of city life, he 
returned to Meade County, labored on a farm, working 
for wages, until October, 1855, when he decided to go 
West and "grow up with the country." Not being 
favorably impressed with Western life and the hard- 
ships incident thereto, he returned to Kentucky, and 
in March, 1856, obtained a position as salesman and 
liookkeeper in a wholesale grocery house in Louisville. 
Here he remained one year, but, again becoming tired 
of city life, he decided upon looking for a situation 
in a country town. His position afforded an excellent 
opportunity for selecting a location, and, through 
the recommendation of Hon. William Jones, afterward 
colonel of the 53d Regiment Indiana Volunteers, he 
ilecided to make Indiana his future home; and, in 
/Vpiil, 1857, he was employed l)y William Thompson, 
a merchant of Gcntryville, Spencer County, where he 
remained until the breaking out of the Rebellion. On 
the 17th of Octol)er, 185S, he married Miss Amanda 
Hevron, of Spencer County, Indiana. In August, 1861, 
he enlisted as a private soldier in Company II, 42(1 In- 
diana Volunteers, and, on the organization of the com- 
pany, was appointed orderly-sergeant. In October, 1862, 
he was honorably discharged, on account of sickness 
contracted in the service. On returning home he found 
business so prostrated that it was impossible to get a 
situation, and the following year he worked on a farm. 
During tlic winter of 1863-64 he taught the public school 
in (Jcntryville. In April, 1S64, lie was elected Justice 
of the Peace for Jackson Township; but resigned his 

commission in June following, liaving obtained a posi- 
tion as bookkeeper and salesman in the house of Parker 
& Verhoeff, in Grandview, where he remained until De- 
cember, 1867, ^t which time he was appointed deputy 
auditor of Spencer County. While living in Grandview 
he met with serious trouble. His wife died May 15, 
1865, leaving him three small children, the youngest 
being but six months old. His parents then came to 
live with him, and remained until November, 1867. 
On the 3d of November, 1867, he married Miss Maggie R. 
Allen, a native of New Jersey. Mr. Armstrong served 
as deputy auditor four years, from December, .1867, and 
on retiring engaged in the insurance and general agency 
business, in which he continued about eighteen months. 
In 1871 he was appointed school trustee of the town 
of Rockport, which office he held for two years. In 

1872 he was appointed county school examiner by the 
board of commissioners. In 1873 he was chosen super- 
intendent of the public schools of Spencer County by a 
unanimous vote of the township trustees. During his 
connection with the public schools many changes in 
the law were made by the Legislature, and it was at a 
very important period in the history of Indiana schools 
that he held the responsible positions mentioned. It 
is said by his friends that Mr. Armstrong was an effi- 
cient officer, and universally popular with teachers and 
patrons. He accomplished much good in organizing 
and systematizing the schools and their workings. In 

1873 ^I""- Armstrong was elected councilman of the Fifth 
Ward, in Rockport, and, on the organization of the 
board, was chosen president. He was appointed to a 
clerkship in the Indiana Legislature of 1S74-75, and 
made a popular clerk, being courteous to the memljers, 
aiding them in the preparation of their bills and resolu- 
tions. In August, 1875, li'-' '^^'^5 employed as editor of 
the Owensboro (Kentucky) Ejcaminer, which position 
he held until December following, when he again re- 
ceived the appointment of deputy auditor. He received 
the nomination at the hands of the Democratic party, 
in 187S, for county auditor, and, after a hotly contested 
canvass, was elected by five hundred and seventy-four 
majority, leading the state and district tickets by over 
three hundred votes. When J. D. Armstrong began life 
on his own responsibility his education was very limited, 
he having received less than two years' instruction in 
the schoolroom ; but as he advanced in years he fell 
the necessity of an education, and from time to time 
jjurchased text-books, which he studied after business 
hours and on Sunday.s, while working on a farm. This 
custom was kejit up until he acquired a fair knowledge 
of the rudiments of the lower branches; afterwards 
other books were added to his stock, until he had accu- 
mulated a number. In 187 1 lie purchased a law library, 
with a view of practicing at the close of his term of 
office. At the January term, 1872, of the S])encer Cir- 


J si Disl.] 


cuit Court, he was admitted to the bar as an attorney; 
but, not being able to support his family while working 
lip a remunerative practice, he was compelled to engage 
ill other business, and finally abandoned the idea of law. 
Politically, J. D. Armstrong is a Democrat, and has been 
since the breaking out of the Rebellion. His father 
was a Whig, and only abandoned the party after it had 
been swallowed up by other organizations. In the cam- 
paign of 1S58 Mr. Armstrong was an Anti-Lecompton, 
or Douglas, Democrat, casting his first vote with that 
party. In i860 he thought it better to elect Abraham 
Lincoln than John C. Breckinridge, and, feeling that 
his interests were with the North, he supported Lincoln. 
But during the debate in Congress over the Crittenden 
Amendment he became discouraged with the course of 
the party and renounced it, and since then has been an 
unswerving Democrat, taking an active part in state 
and national politics. 

— >-«X»-' — 

RM.STRONG, UEL W., president of the ..rm- 
T& strong Furniture Company, Evansville, was born 

in Hamilton County, Ohio, February 23, 1832. 

His father, Cyrus Armstrong, was of Irish de- 
scent, and was born in the state of Ohio. In i860 
he removed to Evansville, Indiana, where he has been 
a resident ever since. Although now past the allotted 
age of man he is well preserved and is vigorous of mind 
as well as body. His popularity has never waned, and 
he is recognized throughout Evansville as a gentleman 
of sterling integrity, one whose private life is upright 
and exemplary, distinguished by many quiet and 
unostentatious acts of charity. His mother, whose 
maiden name was Catharine Ackers, was a native of 
New York, of Welsh descent, and still lives, at the ripe 
old age of seventy. She has been a devoted wife and 
mother, and in all the relations of life she manifests 
a pure Christian spirit and an unwavering adherence 
to the cause and principles which she believes to be 
right. The subject of our sketch attended the com- 
mon schools and Hibbin Institute at Lawrenceburg, 
Indiana — to which place the family removed in the 
year 1S42 —receiving a fair education, and graduating 
from the latter institution when he had reached his 
eighteenth year. His first step in life for himself was 
to become a district school-teacher. He walked from 
Lawrenceburg, Indiana, to Burlington, Boone County, 
Kentucky, where he passed an examination and was 
duly installed as instructor of the district school situated 
near that place. Subsequently, he gave up this position 
to accept a more lucrative one at Manchester, Indiana, 
where he remained one winter. At the age of twenty, 
feeling the need of a commercial training, he took a 
course at Bartlett's Commercial College, Cincinnati. 
The two subsequent years of his life were spent in the 

office and warerooms of his father, who was carrying 
on a fuiniture factory at Lawrenceburg, Indiana, and 
who was one of the first men to introduce steam power 
to propel furniture machinery. At the close of this 
time he felt a longing desire to engage in business for 
himself. Having heard considerable of Evansville, In- 
diana," as being a good point for manufacturing interests, 
he concluded to remove there. He procured a stock of 
furniture from a Cincinnati house to sell on commission, 
and with a few hundred dollars which he borrowed 
of his father he purchased a flat-boat, and in March, 
1854, arrived in Evansville. He rented the old Wash- 
ington House, which stood on the grounds now occu- 
pied by the extensive warerooms of the Armstrong Fur- 
niture Company. This undertaking proved successful 
for four years, and at the expiration of this time he was 
prevailed upon to extend his operations and build a fac- 
tory. This extra outlay and the hard times of 1857 to 
1859 so crippled him in business that his property was 
sold at sheriff's sale to pay off his liabilities. But even 
in this, which seemed his darkest day, he did not lose 
courage or hope, but immediately wrote to his father, 
soon prevailing upon him to come to Evansville and 
open a factory there. The old building, which has been 
remodeled and is now occupied by the Southern Chair 
Works, was rented, and soon a flourishing business was 
built up. In 1872 Mr. Uel W. Armstrong became 
a partner in the firm of C. Armstrong & Company. 
In 1874 the Armstrong Furniture Company was or- 
ganized with Mr. U. W. Armstrong as president; and 
the same year the large factory which they now oc- 
cupy was built, consisting of six stories of brick, sixty 
feet in width and two hundred and fifty feet in 
length. With Mr. Armstrong at the head the busi- 
ness has gradually extended until their factories, ware- 
houses, stables, etc., cover an area of over five acres. 
Their wareroom, situated on Main Street — and other 
warehouses — consists of over one hundred and fifty 
thousand square feet of flooring. It is one of the 
sights of the city. From the small commission busi- 
ness established by the subject of our sketch in Evans- 
ville over a quarter of a century ago, when a young 
man of twenty-two years, Tias grown this immense 
corporation, doing a business of over three hundred 
thousand dollars per annum. They are also connected 
with the Southern Chair Works, which make a spe- 
cialty of manufacturing chairs. He is also the in- 
ventor of several furniture specialties which have a 
very extensive sale throughout the United States. As 
may be readily inferred from this brief record, Mr. 
Armstrong is a man whose enterprise no difficulties 
can discourage. With a tenacity of purpose as rare 
as it is admirable, he seems to possess the pecul- 
iar faculty of molding circumstances to suit his 
ends, rather than being molded by them. Truly self- 


[ nt Disl. 

made, in every sense of ihc term, he depreciates his 
own abilities, and is unassuming in liis demeanor, as 
well as persevering in a course which he decides to be 
right. Personally superintending every detail of this 
extensive manufactory, he has never found time to take 
an active part in politics. In presidential campaigns he 
supports the Republican party, while in municipal affairs 
he is independent, casting his vote for the man he con- 
siders best fitted for the office. This brief but imper- 
fect outline of the leading traits of Mr. Armstrong's 
character and business career is given because the world 
claims a certain property in the lives of all its people, 
and biography is the lamp of experience to guide and 
encourage others in the paths of success. Mr. Arm- 
strong was married, in March, 1856, to Miss Sarah Du 
Bois, daughter of Peter Du Bois, Esq., who for many 
years was prominently connected with the New York 
City Gas Works, having entered the office of that cor- 
poration when a boy. Five children were born to them, 
four of whom survive. 

H|j|jABCOCK, ELISHA S., one of the early and suc- 
iIm cessful business men of Evansville, was born 
Lf^ August 10, 1814, in Utica, New York. He was 
fe^ the son of Oliver and Ann Babcock, the latter's 
maiden name being Ileartt. His father was a native of 
Rhode Island, and was descended from three brothers 
who came from England at a very early day and settled 
in that state. From these three brothers have sprung 
all who bear the name of Babcock in America. His 
father was a wagon manufacturer up to the year 1822, 
at which time he moved to Troy, New York, and em- 
barked in the hotel business and carrying on a stage 
line, which engaged his attention up to the time of his 
death, which occurred in 1828. When his. son had 
reached his fourteenth year Mrs. Babcock continued to 
carry on the hotel, and the stage line being offered for 
sale, at her solicitation he concluded to buy it at its 
apprai.sement yalue. This was undertaking a great re- 
sponsibility for a lad of fourteen, but at this time he 
manifested the energy and pluck that have characterized 
him through life, and was found equal to the position. 
He continued to manage the stage line for eight years, 
when he was offered a position as bookkeeper and sales- 
man in a wholesale grocery establishment kept by his 
brother-in-law in New York City. Ho put the pro- 
ceeds of his sale out on interest and took up his abode 
in that place. Two years after he concluded to try his 
fortune in the West. He gave notice of his intention 
to his employer, who furnished him with a number of 
accounts for collection in Northern Ohio and Indiana, 
thus affording him an opportunity of seeing the country 
and choosing a desirable place for locating. Among 

the places he visited was Evansville, and, being pjleascd 
with its situation and advantages, he decided to make it 
his future home. He returned to New York, bought a 
stock of goods, and shipped them by way of New Or- 
leans to his new home. After a tedious journey of 
thirty days, he arrived there on the 15th of November, 
1S38. He carried on the grocery business alone for a 
number of years, but subsequently took his two brothers 
into partnership, extending his premises and embracing 
the hardware and queensware trade. After the lapse of 
a number of years this connection was dissolved, each 
brother taking a branch. Elisha S. Babcock continued 
the grocery business up to the year 1858, when he re- 
tired from active commercial pm-suits. Shortly after the 
breaking out of the Rebellion he entered the quarter- 
master's department, and was thus employed until the 
close of the war. He then directed his attention to fur- 
nishing building materials to contractors and builders, 
etc., and in 1872 embarked in the grain, produce, and 
commission trade, taking his son Oliver into partnership. 
This firm, known as E. S. Babcock & Son, is one of 
the largest concerns of its kind in Evansville, and has 
a wide-spread reputation for its promptness, its straight- 
forward manner of doing business, its practical experi- 
ence, and its remarkable success. In his public rela- 
tions Mr. Babcock is recognized as possessing a strong 
sense of truth and justice, and as endeavoring to shape 
his life in accordance with these principles. He is a 
member of Grace Presbyterian Church, of Evansville, 
and in it has held the office of deacon for a num- 
ber of years. In all his relations he discharges his du- 
ties with energy and fidelity, and is a man of acknowl- 
edged acquirements and irreproachable character. In 
politics he was first an old-line Whig, and cast his 
maiden vote for Henry Clay. When the Republican 
party came into power he joined their ranks, and has 
ever since been an active and influential member of that 
body. He is sixty-six years old, enjoying perfect health, 
and is still fit for a long period of usefulness. He was 
married. May 28, 1844, 'o Miss Agnes Sutherland Da- 
vidson, a lady of Scotch parentage. Eight children 
were born to them, four sons surviving. 

ARKER, WILLIAM L., a practitioner of medi- 
cine in Boonville, and a man widely known 
,i^ throughout this portion of the state, was born in 
r% Charleston, South Carolina, in 1818. His father 
moved to Vanderburg County in 1832, and became a 
farmer, but was more generally known on account of his 
services as a public man. He was county commis- 
sioner of Vanderburg County for several years, and was 
a good Methodist, beini; slidni,' in tlie failh until the daj 

J St Dist.'X 



of his death, which occurred in the year 1S37, when he 
was about sixty-one years ohl. Both grand-parents were 
Revolutionary soldiers, while his own father was in the 
War of 1812, and he himself was surgeon of the 1 20th 
Indiana Volunteers, being mustered into the service in 
Indianapolis. At Atlanta, Georgia, his horse fell, caus- 
ing a rupture, on account of which he was compelled 
to resign, returning home and being confined to his bed 
for about four months. In 1847 Doctor Barker was 
married to Miss Mary Williams, of Pennsylvania, and 
from this union had four children. Two now are dead. 
The only son is connected with the bank in Boonville, 
and an only daughter, Katie, was married to John Tay- 
lor, a lawyer in Boonville — at the time of her union a 
member of the st:ite Legislature. Doctor Barker has 
been a strong man in the ranks of the Republican party. 
This section of the country has always been largely 
Democratic, and, in consequence, the Doctor has been 
two or three times defeated ; but he has stumped the 
whole of Southern Indiana, and his efforts have, in late 
years, been instrumental in changing the political com- 
plexion of his district. He always ran ahead of his 
party two or three hundred votes. The Republicans are 
largely indebted to the Doctor for the growth of their 
doctrines, probably as much as to any one man. His 
party has stood by him and pressed him into service at 
two different times for the state Legislature and once 
for state Senator, in the hope that so good a candidate 
might overcome the odds against their organization. 
Doctor Barker aspires but little after political favors, 
and for the last thirty-three years has devoted his ener- 
gies to his profession, in which he has been very sviccess- 
ful, building up for himself a large practice. He is a 
man of more than ordinary ability, and has, in conse- 
quence, made an indelible mark in the history of his 
state. He is now sixty years of age, but possesses vigor 
in body and mind. He is not only regarded very highly 
as a citizen, but stands high as a Mason, being Master 
of the Masonic lodge in Boonville. He is also a mem- 
ber in excellent repute in the Odd-fellows and in the 
Knights of Pythias. Prominent men in lioonville are 
warm in their praises of the Doctor's noble-hearted and 
patriotic spirit shown during the late Civil War. They 
say no soldier's wife, nor family, nor poor man, suffered 
for want of food, or clothing, or medicine when in his 
power to relieve them. In this way he did much for 
the war. He was a friend to the destitute, and sym- 
pathizes with them in their adverse circumstances. He 
always carried a warm feeling for every one, and was 
found foremost among those who were trying to do good. 
His political opponents, who beat him on two occasions, 
admire him as a Christian man, as a truthful, honest, 
and upright citizen, and as a speaker of no indifferent 
ability. W^hen he first came to this congressional dis- 
trict there were but few others of his p.-irty, hut he took 

a stand w-hich was admired by his opponents even, and 
not only won for himself laurels, but for his party hun- 
dreds of votes. 

AKER, WILLIAM, late of Evansvillc, was born 
in Hamilton, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, Feb- 
ruary 1 1, 1813. His father, Conrad Baker, an enter- 
prising and public-spirited farmer, died when he 
was about five years old. Hi; early education was ob- 
tained while attending a log school-house for a few 
years only. In his thirteenth year he went to Charobers- 
burg, Pennsylvania, where he became clerk in the store 
of George Eyster, and served with him three years. 
Feeling the necessity of a better education, he attended 
a Latin school at Chambersburg for six months. He 
subsequently went to the village of Bridgeport, in his 
native county, where he was employed as clerk in the 
store of Martin Hoover. He remained there about 
three years, during which time he formed the acquaint- 
ance of Miss Nancy Beam, whom he married in 1833, 
a few months before he was twenty-one years of age. 
While a clerk at Bridgeport he improved his leisure time 
by studying surveying and civil engineering, with Major 
James McDowell as his instructor, and succeeded in be- 
coming a good, practical surveyor. In 1834 he removed 
to the old homestead and cultivated the farm, teaching 
the neighboring school during the following winter. In 
the fall of 1835 he sold his land and opened a general 
store at St. Thomas, in the same county. In 1837 he 
moved to the village of Loudon, in the same county, and, 
in company with Daniel Mowrer, his brother-in-law, con- 
ducted a woolen mill and store for about four years. 
He then formed a partnership with John Beaver, in the 
manufacturing of iron, and managed a furnace and forge 
for nearly two years. During this time he established 
the Loudon Fund Association, and was its treasurer un- 
til his removal to EvansviUe. In 1839, while actively 
engaged in business, Mr. Baker devoted his spare time 
to the study of law, was admitted to the bar in 1842, 
and soon acquired a large and lucrative practice. In 
1S47 ^'^ "'IS elected to represent his native county in the 
Lower House of the Pennsylvania Legislature, of which 
he was a member for three successive years, becoming 
one of the leading and most influential Representatives. 
He practiced law at Loudon until 1853, when he re- 
moved to EvansviUe, Indiana, where his brother Conrad 
had taken his residence in 1841. Soon after his arrival 
he was chiefly instrumental in organizing the Crescent 
City Bank, of which he was elected cashier. A large 
portion of the stock was taken by his old neighbors in ' 
Pennsylvania, with the assurance that he was to be its 
cashier. Owing to the defective free-banking system, 
the business of the bank was closed in 1S5S or 1859, but 
the affairs were settled without loss to the stockholders. 


[/j/ Disl. 

In April, 1859, William Baker was elected mayor of 
Evansville for a term of three years, and held the office 
for three consecutive terms. In 1868 he was defeated for 
the same office by the late Hon. William H. Walker, 
who, however, died in office, and Mr. Baker was elected 
the following November to fill the vacancy. In 1871 he 
was again chosen by a large majority to a full term of 
three years, showing that his fidelity to the city's inter- 
ests and his own business capacity were appreciated by 
his fellow-citizens. His official career was terminated 
by his death, which occurred May 23, 1872. 

IaYARD, SAMUEL, president of the Evansville 
National Bank, Evansville, was born in Vincennes, 
Knox County, Indiana. He was the son of John 
F. Bayard, a native of France, who came to Indiana 
at a very early day and settled in Vincennes, where he 
afterwards married Mary Ann Boneau, a lady of French 
descent. The subject of this sketch attended the schools 
of his native place, and, being an apt scholar and a good 
penman, he was qualified to accept the position of deputy 
clerk of the Circuit and Probate Courts of Knox County, 
which was tendered to him. This place he filled with 
distinction for the space of three years, when he relin- 
quished it to accept a clerkship in the State Bank of 
Indiana, located at Evansville. It was not long before 
his genius for banking began to manifest itself, and the 
traits of business courtesy, punctuality, and strict integ- 
rity, so well recognized in the mature man, were out- 
lined from his first entrance upon his chosen life. In 
November, 1851, just two months after his previous ap-" 
pointment, he was promoted to the position of teller. 
He performed the duties of this responsible position un- 
til the final close of the bank, in 1858. In 1857, upon 
the organization of the branch at Evansville of the Hank 
of the State of Indiana, he was appointed its cashier, a 
position he occupied until the close of the bank, in 1865. 
This corporation was immediately succeeded by the 
Evansville National Bank, and Mr. Bayard's services 
were found indispensable to the success of the new en- 
terprise, and at its organization he was appointed its 
cashier. Two years later he was elected vice-president, 
but virtually filled the position of president until he was 
elected to that position, in 1876. This is one of the 
largest banking institutions in the state, having a capital 
and surplus of over one million dollars, which is largely 
due to the financial acumen of Mr. Bayard. In the 
early part of the year 1873 he aided in organizing the 
German National Bank of Evansville, of which he is at 
])resent a director and one of the largest stockholders. 
In June, 1870, Mr. Bayard was elected a director of the 
Evansville, Carnii and I'aducah Kailrnad Conipanv, which 
coipoiatinn was subsequently consolidated with the St. 

Louis and South-eastern Railway, and is now known as 
the St. Louis and Nashville division of the St. Louis, 
Evansville and Nashville Railway consolidated. He 
was, during the existence of the St. Louis and South- 
eastern Railway Company, appointed by the board of 
directors a member of the executive committee, to whom 
was confided the management of the general business of 
the company. He is also a director of the Evansville 
and Terre Haute Railroad, and is one of six who hold a 
controlling interest. Mr. Bayard has always taken a 
lively interest in the prosperity and growth of the 
city of Evansville. He was one of the most influential 
citizens in establishing the Evansville Library Associa- 
tion, having subscribed liberally towards its fund. He 
was elected its first treasurer, did a great deal of work 
in its behalf, and subsequently became its president. 
In all corporations with which Mr. Bayard is connected 
he is an influential member, and his judgment is of 
great weight with his colleagues in all monetary affairs. 
Exceedingly careful and even conservative in arriving 
at conclusions, he is modest but manly in maintaining 
them, and is more of a practical than a showy man — a 
man of deeds rather than words.' He has never stepped 
aside from his chosen field of labor to mingle much in 
political circles, although adhering to the fundamental 
principles of the Republican party. In his religious af- 
filiation he attends the Presbyterian Church, of which 
denomination his wife is a member. In personal appear- 
ance Mr. Bayard is above the average height, of strong 
physique, sharply cut features, with a decidedly intel- 
lectual cast of countenance. His life forcibly illustrates 
what can be accomplished by concentration of purpose, 
together with indomitable perseverance and pluck. No 
one can read this short biographical sketch without 
gaining additional respect for the man, and being stimu- 
lated to greater action. He still lives, in the prime of 
life, with the prospect of many years 6f usefulness and 
the consciousness of a well-spent life. His character is 
marked by integrity, geniality, and true benevolence. 
He is a fine representative of the self-made men of the 
day. He married, March 6, 1867, Miss Mattie J. Orr, 
daughter of Samuel Orr, Esq., a prominent and influen- 
tial citizen of Evansville. (See sketch elsewhere in this 

— -^-^Mt^c^ — 

^'i^lEMENT, CHARLES R., president of the Mer- 
chants' National Bank, of Evansville, Indiana, was 
/■. born in Berk.shire County, Massachusetts, March 
4, 1829. He received his education in a private 
academy at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and at the age 
of eighteen years started for the West, arriving at 
Evansville in the year 1847. There he began his mer- 
cantile career as a clerk in the store of Bement & Viele, 
the senior partner being his older brother. The firm 



'■'7 ^^ 

isl Dist.\ 


having a branch store at Bowling Green, Mr. Bement 
was sent there to take charge. After remaining two 
years, he returned to Evansville, and was admitted as a 
partner in the above-mentioned firm, with which lie 
continued until its dissolution, in 1867. In 1865 Mr. 
Bement organized the Merchants' National Bank, of 
Evansville, of which h^ was chosen the president, and 
with the exception of two years has ever since occu- 
pied that office. In consequence of impaired health, 
he was obliged to leave Evansville, and resided for four 
years at Bridgeport, Connecticut. Mr. Bement was one 
of the originators of the Evansville Street Railway, and 
has ever since been one of its directors ; is a member of 
the board of directors of the Evansville and "ftrre Haute 
Railroad Company, and is one of the directors of the 
Evansville Cotton Manufacturing Company. While re- 
siding in Connecticut he was president of the Wood 
Distilling Company, of Bridgeport. Mr. Bement has 
been one of Evansville's most prosperous business men ; 
he has devoted himself entirely to his business, and in 
every enterprise in which he has been engaged he has 
been successful. He is regarded as one of the many 
public-spirited and enterprising citizens of Evansville, 
and is foremost in every project for advancing the mate- 
rial interests of that city. While he takes but little 
part in political matters, his sympathies are with the 
Republican party. 

— o-mofe^ — 

fLACK, MILTON, of Mount Vernon, Indiana, was 
born about a mile from the present city, January 
2, 1809, when Indiana was still one of the western 
dv4 territories, and contained scarcely as many white 
inhabitants as does now any one of its most sparsely set- 
lied counties. His father, James Black, a native of North 
Carolina, removed to Indiana about the year 1806, and 
lived for several years where he first settled — about a 
mile from Mount Vernon — where he carried on a small 
grist-mill by horse power. Some eight or ten years 
later he reinoved .several miles north and built a mill on 
Big Creek, about midway between Mount Vernon and 
New Harmony, which he i-an by water power. As his 
was the pioneer mill in that section, people came from a 
distance of many miles, through an almost unbroken wil- 
derness, with their wheat and corn to be ground into 
flour and meal. James Black continued in the mill busi- 
ness until his death, which occurred in 1838. The 
father of James Black and his family accompanied him 
from North Carolina to Indiana, as did also his wife's 
family. Three of James Black's brothers and two of 
his wife's brothers participated in the battle of Tippe- 
canoe, and one of his brothers, John Black, uncle of 
Milton Black, was killed. Milton, having been reared 
on the frontier, when the territory was too thinly settled 
to give much support to the country schoolmaster, re- 

ceived but limited school advantages, but, by the study 
and reading of such books as he could get possession of, 
acquired as he grew to manhood a fair education. He 
conducted the milling business and also farming for a 
number of years, and in 1849, when the California gold 
fever was at its height, he started on an overland trip 
for that section. The party with whom he traveled 
numbered about one hundred and thirty, and occupied 
about four months on the trip. Upon arriving in Cali- 
fornia he went into the gold diggings, worked there for 
little more than a year with good success, then returned 
home, by steamer, by the way of Panama. After his 
return he was engaged principally in cultivating his 
farm ; of late years, however, he has leased it, and now 
lives in retirement. He was county commissioner for 
several years, and has been a trustee for a numlier of 
years in the township of Black, which received its name 
from his family. He is now a stockholder and director 
in the First National Bank of Mount Vernon, Indiana. 
In politics he has been a Whig and Republican. He 
was married, in 1842, to Miss Mary J. Jones, who died 
in 1859; three daughters, now living, were born of this 

LOSS, JOHN M., superintendent of the Evans- 
ville public schools, was born in Washington 
%^h^ County, Indiana, on the 21st of January, 1839. 
His father was a tanner, and John's time was 
mostly spent when a boy in assisting in the work. A 
few months in each year he was permitted to attend 
school, but his early educational advantages seem to 
have been limited. With indomitable energy, however, 
he made his way, and at the age of sixteen we find 
him teaching, which was the beginning of the grand 
work of his life. In the year 1854 he entered upon a 
college course, and six years of his time were spent at 
Hanover, teaching his way when necessary to defray 
expenses. During the last two years he was tutor 
in mathematics. He graduated in i860 in a class of 
twelve, taking the degree of A. B., and at once entered 
upon the regular work of his life, as principal of the 
public schools in Livonia, Indiana. This position lie 
held until the country made a call for soldiers in 1861, 
when he resigned, raised a company of volunteers, and 
started for the seat of disturbances. At Indianapolis, 
much to his chagrin, Captain Bloss was sent home, the 
Governor slating that sixty-five companies had reported 
for duty over and above the number needed. Captain 
Bloss again took charge of the public schools in Livo- 
nia. In the following summer he again went into serv- 
ice, but this time only as a private in the 27th Regiment 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry, Company F. He was sworn 
in on the 9th of August, 1861, and went directly to the 
Potomac, and was placed in McClellan's army. He took 



[/si Dist. 

part ill the battles of Ball's Blufl's, Winchester, Eull 
Run, Antictam, Chancellorsville, Gcllysburg, and others. 
After the battle of Antietam he was made first lieuten- 
ant of his company, and six months later was placed in 
command of the First Division, Twelfth Army Pioneer 
Corps. After this he became for a time inspector on 
General Ruger's staff. In 1864 he took charge of the 
company and went west under Hooker, taking part in 
the engagements at Resaca and at Atlanta. While in 
the service he was wounded four times — once at each 
of the engagements at Antietam, Winchester, Chan- 
cellorsville, and Resaca — the last time so seriously 
that he was compelled to resign and return home. 
One of the noted events in Captain Bloss's career during 
the war was the finding of the "lost order," which, as 
McClellan states in his "Report of the Organization 
and Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac," fully dis- 
closed General Lee's plans in his Maryland raid. This 
dispatch was found under a locust tree in front of Fred- 
erick City, Maryland, in an envelope, which also con- 
tained two cigars. It was written on the I2th and 
found on the 13th, and gave the relative position of all 
Lee's forces, and his plan of the Maryland campaign, 
and directed his corps to meet him at Boonsborough on 
the l8th. General Lee had designed not only to hold 
"heroic Maryland," but to plant the war in the "wheat 
fields" of Pennsylvania. The entire plan was drawn out 
in detail, and a copy given to each of his corps com- 
manders. One of the latter, D. H. Hill, a man of 
coarse and brutal eccentricities, had, in a fit of displeas- 
ure at the place assigned him, thrown the paper to the 
gixjund. Pollard, a Southern writer, in a summing up of 
this event, states that the wives of D. H. Hill and 
Stonewall Jackson are sisters, and it was generally be- 
lieved that Mrs. Hill had long urged her husband to do 
something whereby some portion of Jackson's lustrous 
fame might be acquired and accrue to him. Be this as 
it may. Captain Bloss came into possession of this dis- 
patch, and at once forwarded it to General McClellan, 
who by these means became aware that D. H. Hill 
alone was in his front, and that Jackson was at Harper's 
Ferry. He accordingly pushed on to South Mountain, 
whipped Hill, and drove him across Antietam, and 
tlien, unfortunately, instead of pushing forward, he 
uaileil two days for Lee to collect his forces, as the 
order showed that he would do. This order was used 
as one of the evidences against General McClellan dur- 
ing his investigation by Congress, and was probably the 
cause of his being removed from the command of the 
Potomac, while D. H. Hill was severely denounced 
(hroughout the South. After the war Captain Bloss 
look one course of lectures in the Ohio Medical Col- 
lege, at Cincinnati, and then practiced his profession for 
a while in New Philadelphia, Indiana. In 1865 he mar- 
ried Miss McPheeters, daughter of Colonel McPlieeters, 

of Livonia, Indiana, since which time he has been en- 
gaged in teaching, filling, during the interval, some 
very important positions, and has been prominently be- 
fore the public in educational work. At Orleans, Indi- 
ana, he had charge of the academy for four years, and, 
in connection with this work, was county superintendent 
for three years. He was at New Albany, Indiana, as 
principal of the female high school, from 1870 to 1875, 
and graduated eighty-five of his pupils. He resigned 
his position to answer a call to Evansville, where he has 
been for the last four years. In 1874 he was put in 
nomination by the Republicans as their candidate for 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction, but was de- 
feated, in common with all Republican candidates of 
that year. Mr. Bloss has been an active member in 
county institutes, has been president of the State Teach- 
ers' Association, and is at this time secretary of the 
State Board of Education. As an educator, Mr. Bloss's 
record is a good one. His Board of Education regard 
him very highly, and compliment him on the thorough- 
ness of his work in the public schools of Evansville. 

fOONE, RATLIFFE, of Boonville, ex-Governor 
of the state of Indiana, and for sixteen years 
Congressman for the First Congressional District 
(iH of Indiana, was born in Georgia about the year 
17S0, and was a cousin to the great pioneer, Daniel 
Boone, of Kentucky. When very young, his parents 
moved to Warren County, Kentucky, and at Danville, 
in that state, he learned the gunsmith's trade. In 1814 
he came to Indiana, and settled about two miles from 
the town which was named in honor of him. He mar- 
ried a Miss Deliah Anderson, of Kentucky, whose fa- 
ther came to Indiana at an early day. Colonel Boone, 
as he was then called, was twice elected Lieutenant- 
governor, and during the last term in this office filled 
an unexpired term as the chief executive of the state. 
He was elected to Congress eight different times, and 
served, in all, sixteen consecutive years. In 1839 he 
removed to Pike County, Missouri, and was beaten by 
Thomas H. Benton in caucus as a candidate for the 
United States Senate. In 1846, a few hours after he 
heard Polk was elected, he died. He desired to live to 
see this election, and had his wish gratified, and that, 
too, in a way which greatly pleased him. He had in 
all, by his wife, ten children, five boys and five girls. 
His sons died young; only one lived to be over twenty- 
three. All of his children are now dead except Mi- 
nerva, who lives in Pike County, Missouri. It was 
customary for Colonel Boone always to return home in 
the spring, and lay out the corn-rows for his sons, and 
then go back to Congress. He was a member for a 
while of the Presbyterian Church. 



l^^-^/C ^-/^-^^v^^^ 

isl Dist:\ 



jLOUNT, HENRY F., of Evansville, plow manu- 
facturer, was born in Richmond, Ontario County, 
New York, May I, 1829, and is the son of Walter 
Blount, a woolen manufacturer, and a native of 
Connecticut. His ancestors, some three generations 
back, emigated to this country from Lancashire, Eng. 
land. Mr. Blount's early education was such as could 
be gained at the ordinary common schools. At the age 
of twenty years, having served an apprenticeship in a 
mercantile house, he came West, and obtained a clerk- 
ship in the store of G. W. Langworthy, at Worthing- 
ton, Indiana. Some three years afterwards he became 
a partner in the business, and remained in that connec- 
tion over eight years, the business proving quite suc- 
cessful. In i860 he removed to Evansville. and assumed 
the financial management of the Eagle Foundry, pur- 
chasing a one-third interest in the business. This he 
managed with success for some eight years, when he 
sold out his interest, and purchased the entire plow- 
works, which were then connected with the foundry. 
He has since continued the manufacture of Blount's 
steel-point plows, which has assumed large proportions, 
the plows being sold in all parts of the South and 
South-west. Mr. Elount is a director in the Evansville 
National Bank, and is president of the board of trustees 
of the Willard Librai-y Association. 

tRINKMAN, HENRY, manufacturer, of Mt. Ver- 
non, was born in the duchy of Lippe-Dctmold, 
now a part of Prussia, June 16, 1825. Up to the 
age of fourteen years he attended school, obtain, 
ing a fair education, and then worked for six years in a 
brick-yard, learning the business. He then acquired the 
trade of wagon-making, at which he was employed for 
about five years. In 1850 he emigrated to America, 
and upon landing went directly to Evansville, Indiana, 
where he remained for two months, when he went to 
Mt. Vernon, being obliged to walk the whole distance, 
as he had no money to pay his fare. He obtained steady 
employment at wagon-making, and at the end of a year 
went into partnership with his employer, Gottlieb 
Koerner, in their manufacture. This connection lasted 
only about two years, when he again worked as a jour- 
neyman, for some seven or eight years. In lS5l he 
opened a small shop for himself and began the manu- 
facture of the Brinkman Wagon, having but a single 
apprentice as workman, besides himself. He found a 
ready sale for his products, and as they gave excellent 
satisfaction, his trade increased so that he was soon 
'ibliged to enlarge his facilities. Gradually his business 
improved, and he now employs from twelve to fifteen 
hands during the entire year in the making of wagons 
and buggies, which have acquired a high reputation for 

iheir excellence and durability. He has recently begun 
the manufacture of a new style of plow, inventeil by him- 
self, called the Posey Clipper, and is also engaged in 
the making of drain-tile, which gives emplnyment to 
six men. In 1869 he established a brick-yard, and was 
largely engaged as a brick manufacturer up to the year 
1875. In 1877 lie formed a partnership with William 
Burtis, and opened a depot for the sale of agricultural 
implements of all kinds at Mt. Vernon. In this line 
the firm transact a business of from fifteen to twenty 
thousand dollars per year. For five yeais Mr. Brinkman 
was president of the Manufacturers' Aid Society, of Mt. 
Vernon, of which he is still a director. In 1869 he was 
elected a member of the city council, holding this office 
for two years, and was elected to the same office for the 
same length of time in 1879. He has been a Republi- 
can since the first election of Abraham Lincoln. He 
was married in 1852, at Mt. Vernon, to Miss Margaret 
Hahn. They have ten children, five sons and five 
daughters, all now living. Mr. Brinkman is emphat- 
ically a self-made man. Having begun life with no 
capital but his hands and brains, he has built up by 
industry and energy a large and thriving manufacturing 
establishment, and has by his upright and honorable 
dealings won the respect and esteem of the community 
in which he rtsiiles. 


Evansville, was burn in Monticello, Wayne 
County, Kentucky, on the 22d of August, 1832. 
His father, Edmund Bryan, was born February 
19, 1796, and died August 4, 1863. He practiced medi- 
cine forty years of his life. After he had been thus en- 
gaged for some time, he entered the Ohio Medical Col- 
lege, Cincinnati, Ohio, from which he graduated in 
1836, just four yea s after Anthony was born. J. S. 
Pierce, his wife's only brother, studied medicine under 
him, and graduated in the same class with him. Doc- 
tor Edmund Bryan, besides being a general practitioner, 
was skilled in the art of surgery, and often rode on 
horseback seventy-five and eighty milts to attend a pa- 
tient. During the latter part of his career, while con- 
tinuing his practice, he engaged in commercial pursuits, 
but, leaving his business wholly in the hands of other 
parties, his trust was betrayed, and he suffered great 
loss. After his death his widow, Mrs. Lettice Bryan, a 
woman of remarkable strength and ability and superior 
educational advantages, taught school for a time. She 
was born February 23, 1805, within one mile of Dan- 
ville, Kentucky, and was closely related to the most 
aristocratic and leading men of the state of Kentucky. 
Her mind was fertile, and richly and variously stored. 
She is the authoress of several works, one, "The Ken- 
tucky Housewife," published by Shepherd & Co., Cin- 



\ist Disi. 

cinnati, Ohio, about forty years ago, has become exten- 
sively known. Another, a work on " Baptism," a 
translation from the Greek and Hebrew, consisting of 
some four hundred pages, together with a book entitled 
"Silence in Heaven," is yet in manuscript form. Ef- 
forts will probably be made to issue these publications 
some time in the future. Such were the flattering sur- 
roundings of Doctor Anthony Bryan's home in his 
younger days. He attended the common schools until 
fourteen years of age. lie then received tuition at the 
Floydsburg Academy, under Doctor James Knapp, now 
of Louisville, Kentucky, and graduated from the Medi- 
cal Department of the University of Louisville in the 
winter of 1856 and 1857. He had now studied medi- 
cine in all eight years. In 1857 he went into partner- 
ship with Doctor B. S. Shelburn, of Shelby County, 
Kentucky, and continued with him one year. He then 
spent one year in Westport, Kentucky, but in 1859 he 
moved to McLean County, Kentucky, seventeen miles 
back of Owensboro, where he practiced his profession 
until May, 1876, a period of seventeen years. During 
all the time of the late war he did a large and labori- 
ous work. He was a Union man and was anxious to 
enter the service, but his time and skill could not easily 
be spared from his practice at home. In 1876 he was 
induced, for the sake of his family, then growing up, to 
seek a locality where his labors would not be so irk- 
some, and at the same time secure educational facilities 
and other advantages for his children. He accordingly 
moved to Evansville, where he has been practicing his 
profession ever since. He has held the office of county 
physician, with marked ability, since March, 1878. He 
accepted a professorship of general pathology in the 
Evansville Medical College for the session of 1876 and 
1877, and he had charge of the charity department of 
St. Mary's Hospital for one quarter. Doctor Bryan's 
father, five of his paternal uncles, his only maternal 
uncle, and two of his brothers, were doctors. One 
brother was a surgeon in the army, the other, the eldest, 
graduated in Europe, and while he was gone Doctor 
Bryan was married, April 21, 1857, to his wife's sister. 
Miss Irene Josephine Thomas, daughter of Middleton 
Thomas, of Kentucky, a large planter in that state. 
Tliey have had seven children, six of whom are still 
living. The eldest son, Stanton L., is now studying 
medicine. Doctor Bryan has been a frequent contribu- 
tor to the various medical journals in the country, and 
his articles are noted for singular clearness. One of these 
papers (Richmond, Louisville Medical Journal, Vol. 
VIII, No. 9, page 544), treating of the "Ovarian Ori- 
gin of Sexuality," is considered an able article. The 
Doctor was one of the founders of the Green River 
Medical Association, Owensboro, Kentucky. This was 
finally blended with one and named McDowell Medical 
Society, after the name of the man who first extracted an 

ovarian tumor, and thereby founded ovariotomy. Doc- 
tor Bryan has been for the past thirty years a member, 
in good standing, of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
He takes a lively interest in all matters of public im- 
portance, and is one who strictly and conscientiously 
attends to the duties of his profession. 

'^Buchanan, colonel jacob s., of Evans- 

tJ^ ville, Indiana, attorney and counselor at law, was 
O^ born in Jefferson County, Indiana, in February, 
\fA 1822. His paternal grandfather was a native of 
the north of Ireland and of Scotch descent; his mater- 
nal grandfather was a German. His father, a native 
of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, was reared in 
Lexington, Kentucky, and about the year 1800 settled 
on the Ohio River about twenty miles above Madison, 
Indiana. Some two or three years afterward, with three 
of his brothers, he went into Jefferson County, Indiana, 
where they built a block-house and stockade as a defense 
against Indian attacks, and became pioneer farmers. 
Jacob S. Buchanan was reared on a farm near Vevay, 
Switzerland County, Indiana, to which his father had 
removed with his family when he was a child. His 
early education was received at the common country 
school during the winter months, and was supplemented 
by a year's study with a private tutor after he was 
twenty-one years old. He had begun to read law at 
the age of eighteen yearsf more because he was fond 
of doing so than with a view of taking it up as a pro- 
fession, and he continued this until he was admitted to 
practice, in 1849. In the following year he opened a 
law office at Versailles, Indiana, and succeeded in ob- 
taining a good practice in the two years of his stay 
there. He then removed to Charlestown, Clarke County, 
Indiana, where he soon acquired a good practice, which 
he retained until the breaking out of the Civil War. 
He then abandoned his profession and went to his old 
home at Vevay, where he raised a company of cavalry, 
and entered the United States Cavalry. With six com- 
panies of this regiment he went to Washington, where, 
with four other companies, they became the 3d Indiana 
Cavalry, a regiment second to none ever raised. Ever^ 
man in the six companies first raised furnished his own 
horse. Captain Buchanan was promoted to the lieu- 
tenant-colonelcy of this force, and had command of it 
during most of his military service. The regiment re- 
mained in Washington until November, 1861, when 
it went down to the mouth of the Patuxent River, 
Maryland, and remained there until May. It then 
went into Virginia, and guarded the railroads and 
patrolled the country from Manassas to ThoroughT 
fare Gap. In July and part of August the regiment 
was on scouting duty at and about Fredericksburg. 

1st DisL] 



It left there when General Burnside evacuated that place, 
and went with him to Washington. Stopping here only 
one day, they started through Maryland, and had their 
first engagement with the enemy at Poolesville, in that 
state. The regiment lost seventeen, killed and wounded, 
and captured thirty rebel prisoners. From this time 
the regiment, attached to General Farnsworth's brigade, 
fought the enemy every day until the battle of South 
Mountain, in which it also participated. From there it 
crossed over the mountain, followed the retreating enemy, 
came up with them at Antietam, where they did scout- 
ing duty for two days, then crossed the middle bridge 
in advance of the infantry, under a very heavy artillery 
fire, and were actively engaged the rest of the day in 
supporting batteries. Some two weeks after this the 
regiment, as a part of General Pleasanton's cavalry 
brigade, which went- in pwrsuit of the rebel General 
Stuart — who had flanked and actually gone around the 
army of General McClellan — traveled a distance of 
eighty-six miles in twenty-three hours. Colonel Buchanan 
was then taken sick for the third time since he had 
been in the service, and by the advice of his physician 
resigned his office, and returned home to his family at 
Vevay. After his partial recovery he removed to Greens 
burg, Decatur County, Indiana, but was unable, on ac- 
count of continued ill-health, to remain there, and in 
about a year, by the advice of his physician, removed 
to Arkansas. Here for two years and a half he man- 
aged a plantation, recuperated his health, and in l866 
removed to Evansville, Indiana, where he again com- 
menced the practice of law. Within a year he suc- 
ceeded in getting a good start and has gradually acquired 
a large practice. He is now the senior member of the 
law firm of Buchanan, Gooding & Buchanan, of Evans- 
ville, and is regarded as one of the most successful law- 
yers in that city. He has a strong love for the practice 
of law, but detests technicalities. In the trial of a case 
he is absolutely fair to all parties concerned ; is very 
frank and candid in all his dealings with every one, and 
to this may be attributed to a great extent his success. 
As an advocate he is earnest and effective, a fluent 
speaker, and powerful in argument before both court and 
jury. In his early years he was a Whig, and upon the 
formation of the Republican party allied himself there- 
with, but has never been in any sense of the word a par- 
tisan. He has invariably refused to accept any elective 
office, having on various occasions refused to accept nomi- 
nations. He was married, in January, 1848, to Miss Julia 
A. Sauvain, a descendant of one of the French families 
that settled at Gallipolis toward the beginning of the 
present century. Three children, now living, are the 
fruits of this marriage: Cicero, the oldest, who is the 
junior partner in the firm of Buchanan, Gooding & 
Buchanan, and a very promising young lawyer; Mrs. 
Mary Flower, the wife of Rev. George E. Flower, pas- 

tor of the Central Christian Church of Cincinnati, Ohio; 
and Scott Buchanan, the youngest, now residing with 
his father at his home in Evansville. 

JUSKIRK, CLARENCE A., attorney-general of In- 
1)1"^ diana from 1874 till 1878, a practicing attorney-at- 
tSh^ law of Princeton, Indiana, is a native of Friend- 
ship, Allegany County, New York, and was born 
November 8, 1842. His father's family are of Holland 
descent, and his mother was of Scotch-Irish ancestry. 
He was educated at the Friendship Academy, in his na- 
tive village, supplemented by a course of study at the 
University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. He then read 
law in the office of Messrs. Balch & Smiley, at Kalama- 
zoo, Michigan ; subsequently attended lectures of the 
Law Department of the Michigan University, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1865. The next year he removed 
to Princeton, Indiana, where he took up his permanent 
residence and entered upon the practice of his profes- 
sion. He met with a fair measure of success from the 
first, and has acquired a remunerative practice and a 
high reputation as a lawyer. In 1872 he was elected a 
member of the Indiana Legislature, and served upon the 
judiciary and other important committees, to the credit 
of himself and the satisfaction of all concerned. In 
1874 he was elected by the Democratic party to the 
office of attorney-general of the .state of Indiana, and 
was re-elected in 1876, serving four years, and retiring 
from office November 6, 1878. Since that time he has 
been engaged in practice at Princeton. He has always 
been a Democrat in politics, and is an able and earnest 
advocate of the principles of that party. 

^pYERS, ALEXANDER R., M. D., physician and 
nM surgeon, Petersburg, Pike County, was born in 
^^ Washington County, Pennsylvania, June 29, 1829, 
(i^ being the son of Thomas and Margaret (Hamil- 
ton) Byers, of Scotch descent. His father was a farmer, 
and on his place the boy's early days were spent. Until 
the age of nineteen he attended the West Alexander 
Academy, in Pennsylvania, having taken the full course, 
and being ready for the junior year in W^ashington Col- 
lege. On leaving the academy he removed to Ohio, 
where, for one year, he taught school, also beginning 
the study of medicine with Doctor Lord, of Bellefontaine; 
and then he migrated to New Washington, Indiana, 
where he continued to pursue his studies in the office of 
Doctor Solomon Davis. Being entirely de'pendent on 
his own resources, he took charge of a school in the 
adjacent town of Bethlehem, where he gave instruction 
two years, at the same time assiduously following his 


[ist Dist. 

course of reading in the healing art. In 1853 he re- 
moved to Petersburg, where he taught school for seven 
months, then going to Evansville, where he attended 
lectures at the medical college, and remained in the 
office of Professor Wilcox one year. Thence he re- 
turned to Petersburg, where he established himself in 
the practice of his profession in September, 1854. He 
is now in the enjoyment of a large and lucrative prac- 
tice, and is considered one of the leading physicians of 
the county. He is skillful in his art, and is honored, 
respected, and esteemed by the community, whose con- 
fidence he most fully enjoys. In October, 1861, he en- 
tered the military service as a lieutenant in the 42d 
Indiana Infantry, and was almost immediately detailed 
to hospital service. In May, 1862, he resigned, re- 
turning to Indiana, but in July he was commissioned 
assistant surgeon of the 65th Indiana Regiment. Octo- 
ber, 1863, he was made its surgeon, serving as such 
until March, 1865. After the occupation of Wilmington 
he resigned and returned home, after a little over three 
years' service, during which he gained considerable ex- 
perience, having been most actively and constantly em- 
ployed both in hospital and field. For over one year 
he was chief surgeon of the Second Brigade, Third Di- 
vision, Twenty-third Army Corps. On returning home 
he resumed his professional duties. He has been presi- 
dent of the board of trustees of the Petersburg graded 
school for the past six years, education being a matter 
in which he takes great and active interest. He was 
one of the leading spirits in building the handsome 
court-house and school-house, two edifices of which the 
town is most justly proud. He has been a member of 
the Order of Odd-fellows since 1857, has taken all the 
degrees, and has been representative in the state Grand 
Lodge. He is a member of the County Medical Soci- 
ety, the Tri-state Medical Society, and the Indiana State 
Medical Society. A Presbyterian by birth and educa- 
tion, he became a member of that Church in 1851, and 
has for a number of years been an elder; he has been 
also superintendent of the Sabbath-school. In politics he 
is a Republican, though not a politician. He exerts a be- 
neficent influence in favor of that organization, being a 
man whose opinion carries great weight. May 29, 1856, 
he was married to Mary A. Morgan, the daughter of 
Simon Morgan, of Jasper, Indiana, who lived but a 
little over two years after her marriage. She died July 
5, 1858, leaving an infant daughter, who is still living. 
November 7, 1866, the Doctor again married. His sec- 
ond wife was Mary F. Hammond, the estimable daugh- 
ter of P. C. Hammond, a merchant of Petersburg. 
They have six children — four boys and two girls. Doc- 
tor Byers is a man of pleasing presence, quiet demeanor, 
and unassuming manners. He is an educated and court- 
eous gentleman, of the highest integrity and of moral 
and intellectual worth. He is surrounded by a happy 

family, to whom he is devoted, and who in turn are 
devoted to him. His past is one which reflects the 
greatest credit upon him. 

iljrARPENTER, WILLARD, of Evansville, was born 
TWi in Strafford, Orange County, Vermont, on the 15th 
}^iT) of March, 1S03. His father, Willard Carpenter, 
'^9' senior, was born April 3, 1767, and died at Straf- 
ford, November 14, 1854. He was married, at Wood- 
stock, Connecticut, February 23, 1791, to Polly Bacon, 
who was born March 15, 1769, and died March 4, i860, 
also at Strafford. All the children, twelve in number, 
were born and reared on the same farm. Mrs. Carpen- 
ter lived to see twelve children, fifty-two grandchildren, 
fifty-three great-grandchildrfen, and one great-great- 
grandchild, making one hundred and eighteen lineal 
descendants. The life of Willard, the subject of this 
sketch, is a remarkable one. His name has long been 
in Southern Indiana a synonym for skill and sagacity. 
He was known under the sobriquet of "Old Willard," 
even when a young man. His zeal for public interests 
has been the leading feature of his career, and it is 
readily conceded that the present prosperity of the dis- 
trict in which he lives is due to no man more largely 
than to Willard Carpenter. As a typical Yankee, he 
possesses sturdy independence and tenacity of purpose 
to an unusual degree. Always thrifty and energetic, 
having great powers of physical endurance, pluck, and 
perseverance, a strong and comprehensive mind, and great 
business ability, it is not strange that he has risen from 
the hardest poverty to great wealth. When a boy, he 
spent his days on a farm, and, as his father was one of 
the first settlers of Orange County, Willard did much 
work incident to pioneer life, which, as every one knows, 
consists in clearing the land, burning brush, turning the 
soil with ox teams, using the ax and the hoe, taking 
the corn to mill — usually many miles away — and other 
labor of a similar character. School privileges were 
meager. To read, write, and cipher was regarded as the 
ultima thulc of a school education ; and three months a 
year for four or five winters, in his log-cabin college, 
was considered sufficient for him. He remained at home 
with his father until he was eighteen years old, receiving 
his board and clothes and "education" for his labor. 
Now and then, by doing odd chores, he turned a penny. 
His first twenty-five cents was made by digging snake- 
root and selling it to his uncle. This money was imme- 
diately put out at six per cent interest, and in process 
of time he found himself in possession of seven dollars. 
He then determined to go West. With a pack on his 
back, he mad^ his way to the Mohawk, and passed 
through Troy about the time of the great fire, in 1822. 
Upon reaching Albany, he turned his capital of seven dol- 





I St Dist.] 



lars into a stock of Yankee notions, and from there stur- 
dily tranii^ed up the valley of the Mohawk on his way to 
Buffalo. He then went down the lake shore and pene- 
trated Ohio as far as Salem, often turning aside on his 
way to dispose of his wares. At Salem he rested while 
visiting his uncle, who had moved to this place some 
years previous; but, not content with being idle, he 
went to work in the woods with two other men. In the 
summer and autumn of the same year — 1822 — they 
cleared eighty acres of forest land, for which they re- 
ceived five dollars an acre. Owing to the scarcity of 
money, grain was used instead, and even notes of hand 
were given to be paid in grain. Mr. Carpenter received 
his pay — four hundred dollars — in notes of this descrip- 
tion, and, after settling with his assistants, and disposing 
of the remaining notes, went to teaching a district 
school. His salary in the spring amounted to one hun- 
dred and forty dollars, which was paid in grain notes, 
as before. After this he concluded to learn tanning and 
shoemaking, but became dissatisfied after a six months' 
trial, and gave it up. Mr. Brown, his employer, being 
pleased with his services, urged him to remain, but 
learning that he had been in the business ten years, and 
cleared only about seven thousand dollars, he decided 
that it was too slow. He was now about twenty years old, 
and ready to begin life in earnest. Disposing of all his 
effects, he bought a horse and a watch, and had sixteen 
dollars left, after which he turned his face eastward to find 
a wider field in New York state. On his way to Buffalo 
he was taken in by some sharpers on the " little joker," 
who won his watch and all his money but one dollar. 
Thfey returned him four dollars, and with this in his 
pocket he was glad to mount and get away, feeling that 
he had made a poor beginning for one who had refused 
a situation because the proprietor had made only seven 
thousand dollars in ten years. The lesson was a good 
one, however, and he never repeated the "little joker." 
Before reaching Buffalo he was attacked with a severe 
illness, but continued his journey, passing through Buf- 
falo to Manlius, a town lying some miles east. Here he 
found an old schoolmate, with whom, on account of his 
illness and the depleted condition of his pocket-book, he 
was glad to remain for a week or so. In a short time, 
however, feeling able to work, he left his horse in care 
of his host, r<Ir. Preston, and engaged himself to a man 
named Ilutchins, to assist in floating a raft down the 
Mohawk to Schenectady, about two hundred miles dis- 
tant. He was to receive sixteen dollars a month for 
his services, but having reached Schenectady, after two 
months, the cargo was attached for debt, and he re- 
ceived nothing. He walked back to Manlius for his 
horse, when, to his dismay, he found that the animal 
had died in his absence. He next engaged to work 
with pick and shovel on the Erie Canal, with a com- 
pany of about one thousand Irishmen, and Ben Wade, 

of Ohio. The wages were thirteen dollars a month. 
He considered the work and pay to be fair, but the 
lodgings were almost unendurable, a hundred or so gen- 
erally occupying the same straw bed in a slab-board 
shanty. Mr. Carpenter accordingly hunted out a barn, 
and, with the consent of the owner, slept alone. In 
two months he was promoted by Mr. Anderson, his em- 
ployer, to "jigger carrier," to serve the men with their 
grog, and his pay was advanced to twenty dollars a 
month. As winter advanced, his lodgings being cold, 
he decided to leave, much to the regret of Mr. Ander- 
son. At Glenville Corners he stopped at a tavern for 
dinner, and while there attracted the attention of one 
of the trustees of the school, who, being pleased with 
his appearance, decided to offer him the position of 
teacher. The school had been very troublesome, the 
I^st teacher having been unceremoniously ejected by the 
larger boys. These things having been fully explained, 
Mr. Carpenter took the school, with the understanding 
that he should receive three dollars per quarter for each 
scholar and furnish his own board and lodging. After a 
few days the bullies of the school formed a conspiracy 
against him ; but, being determined to rule, he managed 
to subdue the ringleader, older and larger than himself, 
by the union of stratagem and force, and had no further 
trouble. In 1824 his father, desiring hira to return 
home, presented him a farm as an inducement, which, 
however, he declined. His father then offered him six 
hundred dollars, but this also he refused, determining 
to make his way through life unaided. Two years after, 
he visited his father, and returned with his brother 
John to Troy, where they engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits. The trade being small, the first year's business 
amounted to only twenty-five hundred dollars. They 
then bought of an old Quaker goods to the amount of 
sixteen hundred dollars, on a credit of eighteen months. 
They afterwards found that they had paid exorbitantly 
for the goods, but, by a vigorous use of the horse and 
wagon, succeeded in working them off on the road. 
Then by the advice of the old Quaker, Mr. Burtis, who 
had sold them the goods, Mr. Carpenter accompanied 
him down to New York, and was introduced to some 
of his old Quaker friends, who sold the firm twenty-five 
thousand dollars' worth of goods upon their own notes, 
without indorsement, payable in bank, and running 
four, six, and eight months. ^Vhen Mr. Carpenter's 
brother learned what had been done, being timid, he 
was dismayed, and a dissolution followed. Ephraim, 
another brother, similar in character to Willard, suc- 
ceeded John, and they continued in Troy for ten years. 
In 1S57 Willard came to Evansville, at the solicitation 
of A. B. Carpenter, and joined him in the wholesale 
dry-goods and notion business. They began under fa- 
vorable auspices, but suffered in the crash of 1837. Wil- 
lard then sold out his interest in the Troy branch to 



[/s/ Dist. 

Liberty Gilbert, a brother-in-law. He was at this time 
thirty-four years of age. Upon his arrival in Evansville 
he found the business of the firm in a deplorable state. 
Owing to the crash of the preceding year, their country 
correspondents were in a precarious condition, so that 
it would require sharp work to realize any thing out of 
their accounts. Mr. Carpenter, however, was equal to 
the emergency. He reached Evansville on Sunday, and 
at once took in the situation. Learning that a company 
of merchants was to leave for the upper country by the 
way of Vincennes and Terre Haute, he saw that his 
only chance was to outstrip them. He at once made 
an arrangement for a relay of horses in the stage line, 
and at nine o'clock that night started. After employing 
Judge Law to take charge of his business in Vincennes, 
he pushed on to Terre Haute, vchere he employed Judge 
Farrington. Tuesday morning, by day-break, he was 
closeted, in Danville, Illinois, with Vandervere, an at- 
torney at that place. He then started on his return 
trip, with fresh horses every ten or fifteen miles, and, 
by keeping in his saddle day and night, was enabled, 
by Wednesday noon, to meet the other merchants on 
their outward journey, between Vincennes and Terre 
Haute. The result was that the Carpenters received 
their claims in full, while the others hardly received ten 
cents on the dollar. This feat practically introduced 
Mr. Carpenter to Evansville. In February following 
he was married to Miss Lucina Burcalow, of Saratoga 
County, New York. From 1835 to 1837 the state of 
Indiana incurred a debt of fifteen million dollars in the 
construction of the Erie, Wabash, and White River 
Canal. In 1842 Mr. Carpenter called a meeting of the 
Evansville citizens to devise means to enable the state 
to pay its interest upon the bonds, and threatened to 
remove from the state unless she would pay her debts. 
It was resolved that a petition be sent to Congress, 
asking for one-half of the unsold public lands in the Vin- 
cennes District, this half amounting to over two million 
five hundred thousand acres, for the purpose of finishing 
the canal. Mr. Carpenter circulated the petition in 
seventeen different states, and through five different 
Legislatures, instructing their members to aid in the 
passage of a bill granting the lands ; but it failed 
to receive the sanction of the President, Mr. Tyler. 
This was in 1843 ^'^d 1844, and Mr. Carpenter was 
a delegate at that time. At the next session of Con- 
gress — 1844 and 1845 — t^s t"" passed both houses, 
to Ije ratified, however, by the Legislature of Indi- 
ana. Mr. Carpenter now made himself useful in the 
state Legislature. The Butler bill, and its journals 
I i 1836, will explain the great opposition to the grant 
l>y the Legislature. This bill provided that the bond- 
holders should accept the land grant for one-half of the 
indebtedness, and that the state should pay the interest 
on the other half, and eventually the principal. Mr. 

Carpenter was a delegate there through the session, but it 
must be remembered that he paid out of his own pocket 
all the necessary expenses previously incurred in visiting 
Congress and the seventeen different states. In 1849 
Mr. Carpenter was one of the principal movers in the 
Evansville and Terre Haute Railroad enterprise, sub- 
scribing largely, and taking more stock than any two 
men in the county. It was intended that this road 
should run up the White River Valley to Indianapolis; 
but in 1853 Mr. Carpenter resigned as a director, and, 
with O. H. Smith, ex-Senator, entered into an agree- 
ment to build a railroad from Evansville to Indianapo- 
lis, which was to connect with the Louisville and Nash- 
ville Road, Kentucky then being at work on that end 
of the line. They had procured over nine hundred 
thousand dollars on the line— Mr. Carpenter himself 
having subscribed sixty-five thousand — and had steadily 
progressed with the work, having graded the road and 
made it ready for the iron as far as the Ohio and Mis- 
sissippi Railroad line, a distance of fifty-five miles, at a 
cost of about four hundred and seventy-five thousand 
dollars, when Mr. Carpenter left for Europe to purchase 
the rails. At this juncture opposition sprang up, to such 
an extent that a pamphlet of about one hundred pages, 
containing all the misrepresentations that could be pos- 
sibly gathered, was published and sent after him. This 
pamphlet was circulated freely among the banks and 
rail-makers in London, Paris, and Wales; and after Mr. 
Carpenter had been in London ten days, and had ac- 
complished the contract for the iron, excepting the de- 
tails, which were to be settled the next day, he was 
surprised by being shown, in Peabody's bank, the pam- 
phlet referred to, which completely stopped negotiations, 
and thwarted him in the great undertaking. He then 
called upon Vorse, Perkins & Co., who had a house in 
London, and also one in New York, doing a commission 
business for railroad companies in America, and, after 
much negotiation, made a contract with that firm, 
agreeing to pay them twelve thousand dollars of mort- 
gage bonds per mile upon the road-bed, one hundred 
thousand dollars' worth of real-estate bonds, and one 
hundred thousand dollars of Evansville city bonds, 
which the city had subscribed, but not then delivered. 
All, excepting the Evansville bonds, he had with 
him ; and these latter were to be handed over, in 
July of the sarhe year, to the commission house of 
Vorse, Perkins & Co., in the city of New York. 
Mr. Carpenter now wrote in full to the vice-president, 
Mr. H. D. AUis, urging him to call the city council to- 
gether immediately, and ask them to deliver over the 
one hundred thousand dollar bonds to Vorse, Perkins & 
Co., in New York. The enemies of the road were now 
at work in his own city, and the council refused. Mr. 
Carpenter then offered, if they would consent, to secure 
them by mortgaging all the real estate he held in the 

1st Dist.^ 



city and country, which was extensive, indemnifying 
the city, so that the read should be built and cars should 
be running over the first fifty-five miles — to the Ohio and 
Mississippi crossing — by the next December, 1S59. This 
the council very unwisely refused to do, owing to the 
selfishness of the opposition party. This caused the fail- 
ure of the Straight-line Railroad, and the downfall of 
Evansville — a great mortification to Mr. Carpenter, who 
had spent five years of his time, had been once to Eu- 
rope and fourteen times to New York, all at his own ex- 
pense. This was twenty years ago. Since that time 
the business citizens of Evansville have had time to 
reflect on the mistake they have made. The city had 
a natural location for an extensive trade, being at a 
safe distance from Cincinnati, Cleveland, St. Louis, 
and other prominent points; and the road, as they 
now see it, would have made Evansville a large place. 
The government would have spanned the river, and 
commerce from the North and South would largely 
have come to it. In 1S65 Mr. Carpenter donated to 
the trustees of Vanderburg the Christian Home, con- 
sisting of grounds and a large new house of twelve 
rooms. This act of charity was for the reform of 
homeless girls who had gone astray. He afterwards 
gave two acres and a half of land in the city, and 
subscribed a thousand dollars for the same purpose, 
the donations in all» amounting to about ten thousand 
dollars. To the various Churches of Evansville he 
has given over fourteen thousand dollars. In 1840 
he erected a building upon his own land, and estab- 
lished the poor-house system, where paupers were kept 
three years, at an annual cost to the county of fifteen 
hundred dollars. Previous to this time the county had 
been at an expense of three thousand dollars a year for 
their maintenance. This was accomplished during his 
five years as county commissioner. He also advanced 
liberally of his own means for repairing and corduroy- 
ing roads, and, as an evidence of the appreciation of 
his worth in this particular, he was elected the second 
term to this office, over his own protest. In 1S51 Mr. 
Carpenter was elected a member of the state Legislature, 
and served during the long term of the session of 1851 
and 1852. While here he was active in getting through 
several important bills, one of which was the equaliza- 
tion of taxation, and another, no less important, the low- 
ering of salaries of county officers and the raising of 
salaries of those in state offices. The Willard Library is 
an example of munificence seldom witnessed. The prop- 
erty given for this purpose, including money and real 
estate, does not fall short of four hundred thousand 
dollars. The grounds, which are situated in the center 
of the city, comprise ten acres, and are estimated to be 
worth one hundred thousand dollars. Steps have been 
taken, according to Mr. Carpenter's direction, to main- 
tain on part of them a beautiful park. This royal gift 

is now being used with heart-felt gratitude for the donor. 
Such is but a poor attempt to outline the remarkable 
career of this pre-eminent man. His deeds alone serve 
as a noble monument to his greatness. 

4| HANDLER, JOHN J., of Evansville, was born in 
|li New Yoi-k City, November 17, 1815, and died at 
Evansville, Indiana, April 15, 1872. He was the 
son of Asaph Chandler, who was a native of Ver- 
mont, but removed to New York at an early day in or- 
der to enter into the Atlantic trade. He commanded 
and owned a ship in the New York and Liverpool and 
New York and Havre lines, and was at one time a mer- 
chant in New York City. The subject of our sketch 
was characterized by a devouring thirst for knowledge, 
and diligently applied himself to his studies, and read 
with unflagging interest every book that came in his 
way. In this manner he prepared himself for Nashville 
University, Nashville, Tennessee, to which place the 
family removed in 1824. This institution was then un- 
der the presidency of the late Doctor Philip Lindsey. 
Here he distinguished himself as an essayist on political 
economy and mental philosophy. He took an active 
part in all the debates, and it was not long before he 
was recognized as one of their ablest debaters, and won 
a formidable reputation. He graduated in 1836 at the 
head of his class, and, as the Seminole War was then 
raging in Florida, he immediately raised a company and 
started for the scene of battle. He participated in sev- 
eral of the most important engagements, and distin- 
guished himself for bravery, and for his skill in maneu- 
vering his men in fighting a peculiarly wily foe. He 
was thus engaged until the close of this campaign, 
when he commenced the study of law at Nashville, 
where he remained until 1838, removing to Evansville, 
Indiana, in the fall of that year. He entered the office 
of Amos Clark, a prominent attorney of that city, and 
continued his law studies. In the spring of the year 
following he was admitted to practice in all ihe courts 
of the state, and at once was received as a partner by 
his former preceptor. He was untiring in the study of 
his cases, and explored every field that was likely to add 
information or furnish illustration. In this manner, 
with his power as an advocate and his shrewdness as a 
counselor, he at once took a stand among the ablest 
lawyers of his adopted place, and as an advocate with 
few superiors in the West. Although often abrupt in 
asserting his opinions and sometimes personal in the 
course of an argument, his most bitter opponents would 
forget their defeat when they saw the audacity and skill 
he exhibited in the management of a cause on trial. 
He was in every respect a gentleman. A scholar by 
nature, his conversation indicated the depth of his learn- 



[ist Disl. 

ing and the scope of his reading. These qualifications, 
aided by quick perception, thorough knowledge of man- 
kind, good judgment, genial ways, fluency of speech, 
and his generous, open-handed way, made him a host of 
friends, who deeply mourned his death, feeling that a mas- 
ter-spirit had gone from the place he loved so well, and 
that Evansville had lost a man who was foremost in 
every good work, and one who took a lively interest in 
her growth and prosperity. Mr. Chandler was married, 
in 1851, to Mrs. Ann Hann, a sister of the late Doctor 
Isaac Casselberry. This estimable lady, with three chil- 
dren, survives him. 

ville, .was born at Washington, District of Colum- 
bia, February I, 1831, and when yet quite young 
removed with his parents to Port Deposit, Cecil 
County, Maryland. After a residence of about three 
years at this place, they removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, 
and in 1836 to Evansville. In the same year Mr. Cook's 
step-father, Jacob Rice, in copartnership with Fred 
Kroener, the uncle of Mr. Cook, commenced a bakery 
business on the site now occupied by White, Dunkerson 
& Co.'s tobacco warehouse, corner of Locust and Water 
Streets. In 1837 Messrs. Rice & Kroener bought prop- 
erty in Lamasco, near the terminus of the Erie and 
Wabash Canal, then in course of construction, and, in 
the same year, built what is known as the Old Brew- 
ery, the first structure of that kind erected in Evansville. 
In 1853 Mr. Cook, the subject of our sketch, in con- 
junction with Louis Rice, built the city brewery, on 
the spot then occupied by a corn-field. When they be- 
gan business their cash capital was three hundred and 
fifty dollars, half of which Mr. Rice had saved, Mr. 
Cook having borrowed an equal amount from his father. 
Mr. Rice attended to the brewing department, and Mr. 
Cook to the finances. In 1857 Louis Rice sold his 
interest to Jacob Rice for three thousand five hundred 
dollars, and in 1S5S the new firm built a lager-beer cel- 
lar and an extensive malt-house, making the first 
lager-beer in the state of Indiana. In 1856 Mr. Cook 
was elected a councilman in the fifth ward, and in the 
eighth ward in 1863, being re-elected in 1864. The 
people, finding him a useful man, and one whom they 
could safely trust in matters of great importance, elected 
him as Representative from Vanderburg County to the 
Legislature of Indiana. In this capacity he served dur- 
ing the called session of 1864, and also during the reg- 
ular session of 1864-5. Afier his return home, and in 
1867, the people again showed their appreciation by 
tendering him a membership in the city council. His 
public services have been satisfactory to his constituents, 
and have been performed with groat credit to himself. 
He is a stanch Rcpu1)!ican, and is known on account of 

his military record as Captain Cook. During the war 
he was a warm supporter of the government of the 
United States, and aided in the work. In 1866 Mr. 
Cook was married to Mips Louisa Hild, of Louisville, 
who died in February, 1877. He was again married, 
to Miss Jennie Himmeline, of Kelley's Island, Ohio, 
in the month of November, 1878. He has had eight 
children, four of whom are now living. Mr. Rice, 
his step-father, died in 1873, ^''d h'^ mother in 1878, 
leaving him the sole heir and proprietor of the city 
brewery. He still continues the business under the old 
firm name, which is known far and wide, and is iden- 
tified with the history and growth of Evansville, the 
original owners having been among the early settlers 
of that place. His buildings comprise more than half 
a block, and are worth at least one hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars. The sales during the past year 
amounted to one hundred and seventy thousand dol- 
lars, and this year every thing bids fair to bring them 
to two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, which will 
require a sale of over thirty thousand barrels. Mr. Cook 
has not built any public library nor endowed any college, 
but it is known of him that he has a large heart, and his 
acts of charity and benevolence have been bestowed 
upon thousands. Equally liberal has he shown himself 
in all enterprises tending to benefit the general public. 
His wisdom and judgment are highly esteemed in local 
matters, which accounts for his being a public man. 

AVIS, FIELDING L., M. D., of Evansville, was 
born near Boonville, Warrick County, Indiana, 
fTI'j, December 16, 1831. His father died when he was 
"^Sj^ but four years old, and his mother eight years 
after, leaving young Fielding, at the age of twelve 
years, an orphan, without education and without a dol- 
lar, to fight the battles of life alone. Fortunately, 
however, he possessed those high aspirations which have 
characterized so many American boys who from hum- 
ble stations and small beginnings have worked their 
way to honor and distinction. He felt that God had 
given him a heart to feel and a brain to think; and, 
far from desiring to bury those talents, he was deter- 
mined to make the best possible use of them. To the 
end that he might prepare himself for future usefulness, 
he first bent his thoughts towards the best means of ob- 
taining an education. His uncle, a farmer of some 
little means, feeling an interest in him, kindly sent him 
to school for a time, he performing manual labor to pay 
for the trouble and expense. He stayed with this uncle 
for two years, working on the farm in the summer and 
going to school in the winter. He then commenced in 
earnest the battle of life. New fields were sought and 
cmplciymont was obtained. Sometimes he worked as a 


tst Dist.\ 



farm hand, at others taught school, and thus persever- 
ing, by the most rigid economy, he obtained a fair 
academical education. He then turned his attention to 
the study of medicine, and, after a full course of read- 
ing, contrived to accumulate enough means to enable 
him to attend the Cleveland Homoeopathic Hospital 
Medical College. There he graduated with honor, and 
received his diploma. He immediately began the prac- 
tice of medicine in his native county, where he attained 
such proficiency and was so successful that he was in- 
vited by many friends to settle in Evansville, Indiana, 
where he now lives, and is engaged in a very lucrative 
practice. Since his removal to Evansville he has be- 
come a member of the American Institute of Homoeop- 
athy. He is a good writer, and an able exponent of 
the principles and practice of the school of medicine to 
which he belongs. Dr. Davis was married to Miss Jane 
Taylor, of Warrick County, Indiana, on the seventeenth 
day of April, 1855. Standing in the front rank among 
his brethren of the medical profession, in the prime 
of life and manhood, surrounded by many friends, and 
moving in the best circles of society, there is probably 
no physician in Evansville who occupies a more enviable 
position than does Dr. F. L. Davis. 

JoIeNBY, CHARLES, of Evansville, an eminent law- 
llrl! y^""' ^^^ born at Mt. Joy, the residence of his grand- 
^1 father, Matthew Harvey, in Botetourt County, Vir- 
"iOjL ginia, on the l6th of June, 1830. Matthew Harvey 
was a Revolutionary patriot, and with all his brothers 
served under arms in the war for independence. Na- 
thaniel Denby and Sarah J. Denby, the parents of 
Charles Denby, resided at Richmond, Virginia, where 
Mr. Denby was engaged in the wholesale grocery business. 
Charles went to a school under the government of Mr. 
Thomas Fox, at Taylorsville, Hanover County, Virginia, 
thence to Georgetown College, in the District of Colum- 
bia, and subsequently graduated at the Virginia Military 
Institute in 1S50. After receiving his degree he taught 
school at Selma, Alabama, for a period of nearly three 
years, being a professor in the Masonic University. In 
June, 1853, he took up his residence at Evansville, In- 
diana, and became assistant editor of the daily En- 
quirer, owned by John B. Hall, a Democratic paper, 
just started. At an early age he determined that his fu- 
ture profession should be that of the law, and, in pursu- 
ance of that idea, he had, at all times, when not teach- 
ing, read the ancient authors. After a short residence 
at Evansville he made arrangements by which he could 
read law during the day in the office of Messrs. Baker 
& Garvin, who were then the leading lawyers at Evans- 
ville, but still retaining his editorial connection and 
writing for the paper at night. He was admitted to the 

bar in 1855, upon the report of an examining commit- 
tee, consisting of Conrad Baker, James Lockhart, and 
John Law. A partnership was immediately formed 
with the Hon. James Lockhart, which lasted for three 
years, until Judge Lockhart's death. In 1856 he was 
elected to the Legislature, on the Democratic ticket ; 
Lockhart, at the same time, was chosen a member of 
Congress. After Judge Lockhart's death he formed a 
partnership with Jacob Lunkenheimer, which lasted for 
two years, until the death of Mr. Lunkenheimer. 
When the late Civil War broke out he was practicing 
his profession at Evansville, and in .September, 1861, 
together with James G. Jones and James M. Shanklin, 
he formed a regiment, with the understanding that 
Jones was to be colonel, Shanklin the major, and Denby 
the lieutenant-colonel. So strenuous were their efforts 
that within two weeks after the call was made there 
were sixteen companies quartered at the fair grounds, a 
few miles from the city. The regiment was called the 
42d Indiana, with the field officers above named, and 
shortly after moved to Kentucky, in Buell's command, 
marching to Huntsville with General Mitchell. They 
were engaged in some skirmishes and in the battle of 
Perryville, where the young lieutenant-colonel had his 
hoise killed under him and was himself slightly 
wounded. Immediately after the battle he was pro- 
moted to the rank of colonel of the Soth Indiana Volun- 
teers, which he commanded until March, 1863, when he 
resigned on a surgeon's certificate of disability. He 
had received an injury to his left leg, which riding 
greatly aggravated. Returning to Evansville, he re- 
sumed the practice of his profession and formed a part- 
nership with Conrad Baker, then Lieutenant-governor 
of the state. But this alliance, however, was of short 
duration, as Governor Morton, being in ill-health, went 
abroad, and Bakei' was called to the capital to take his 
place. For the last nine years he has been in partner- 
ship with Mr. D. B. Kumler, under the name of Denby 
& Kumler. Colonel Denby has refused all political 
preferment and nominations for office since 1856, when 
he served a term in the Legislature, being appointed on 
the Judiciary Committee, and chairman of the Commit- 
tee on Elections. He was designated as surveyor of the 
port by President Buchanan, and served until Mr. Lin- 
coln's administration commenced. Although not an 
avowed politician. Colonel Denby has always been a 
stanch Democrat, and a useful member of the party and 
community. He has voluntarily, and without compensa- 
tion, served the city of Evansville in various capacities. 
He started the plan of holding the United States Courts 
at Evansville, going to Washington in that interest, and 
was instrumental in securing the erection of the gov- 
ernment building at Evansville, the passage of the law 
authorizing United States Courts to be held there, the 
making of the city a port of entry, the appointment of 


\^isi Disl. 

government inspectois, and various other matters of 
local interest. In 1S58 he was married to Martha 
Fitch, daughter of Hon. G. N. Fitch, of Logansport, In- 
diana. Eight children have been born to them, of 
whom five boys and one girl are living. He attends 
the Episcopal Church with his family, and is a member 
of the vestry, and president of the Missionary Society 
of the parish. 

7j||0WNEY, WILLIAM D., merchant, of Princeton, 
HM was born March 18, 1834, ten miles south-west of 
^|i Princeton. His father. Rev. A. R. Downey, a min- 
'9e)t ister in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, was a 
native of Kentucky, and his mother of North Carolina. 
They went from Kentucky to Gibson County, Indiana, 
about 1830, in 1836 removing to Dubois County. William 
D. Downey, having spent his boyhood on a farm, attended 
common school during the winter, until at thirteen he was 
sent to a school in Newburg. Remaining there three 
years, he returned to the farm, and at seventeen entered 
mercantile life, engaging as clerk in a store at Petersburg, 
Pike County, Indiana. After serving there some four 
or five years, he went to the city of Evansville, where he 
also clerked for several years. In 1861 he went to 
Princeton, Indiana, and engaged in mercantile business 
for himself, and has continued therein ever since. He 
now owns one of the largest general stores in Princeton. 
Giving his whole time and attention to his business, he 
has become a very successful merchant. He has never 
held or sought office, but is a public-spirited and enter- 
prising citizen, anxious to promote the growth and pros- 
perity of the city of Princeton. He was married, in 
1868, to Miss Octavia Hall, daughter of Judge S. Hall, 
and two children are the fruits of this marriage. 

J|j|OWN.S, THOMAS J., of Boonville, was born April 
T^l 13, 1834, in Ohio County, Kentucky, where his 
d^ grandfather, Thomas Downs, was an early settler. 
'^i> He was a minister in the Missionary Baptist 
Church, and in his rounds had tVaveled over large por- 
tions of Indiana and Kentucky. He was generally 
considered a man of more than mere ordinary abil- 
ity. He was one of two brothers of English de- 
scent, from which stock sprung all those bearing that 
name in this country. He died in 1850, in the seventy- 
sixth year of his age. His son William, the father of 
Thomas J., died two years previous. He was a farmer 
in comfortable circumstances, an honest, upright citizen, 
plain and simple in his manner, a man of few words, 
but tenacious of opinions where he believed himself in 
the right. By the death of his father, which occurred 
whfn Thomas J. Downs, the immediate subject of this 

sketch, was but fourteen years of age, he was withdrawn 
from school, and cheerfully assumed, until he attained 
his majority, almost the sole responsibility of providing 
for the family. In 1855 he removed to Warrick County, 
and worked at his trade as a carpenter. In 1861, at the 
breaking out of the war, he joined the 42d Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry as a musician, but by general or- 
ders was mustered out of service six months afterwards. 
In the fall of 1863 he enlisted a number of men for the 
I20th Indiana Regiment, and was unanimously elected 
captain. This body participated in the Atlanta cam- 
paign and in the hard-fought battles at Nashville and 
Franklin. They were then transferred to North Caro- 
lina, where, at the battle of Wise Fork, he was wounded 
in the back of the head, and was mustered out of the 
service at Newbern in May, 1865. Soon after his return 
to Boonville he was elected county auditor, and served 
five years. The next five years he spent in selling goods 
and farming. In 1874 he purchased a half interest in 
the Boonville flouring-mill, in which business he is still 
engaged. He was married, January 1, 1857, to Miss 
Lydia M. Williams. His mother, who was a King, is 
still living, and now in her old age retains all her men- 
tal powers to a wonderful degree. She possesses a mas- 
ter mind, and has lived a consistent Christian life, leav- 
ing to others a worthy example for emulation. She is a 
member, of many years' standing, in the Missionary 
Baptist Church. From this brief outline of a busy life, 
furnished with commendable modesty by Mr. Downs, a 
useful lesson may be drawn. Commencing the battle 
of life friendless and poor, at an age when most chil- 
dren are still in the nursery, he has lived to see him- 
self a power for good in the community where he 
dwells. Believing at the outset that a good name is 
better than riches, VkMth no ambition for public office, 
he has been governed since youth by those fixed princi- 
ples of honor and rectitude which stamp him to-day as 
an honest man, an exemplary citizen, and a kind 

— =-«<!«>•< — 

^jf DSON, WILLIAM PALEY, of Mount Vernon, 

J)J^"" attorney and counselor at law, was born at Mount 

^A^ Vernon, Indiana, May 14, 1834. His father, 

SJX Eben D. Edson, a native of Otsego County, New 

York, whose ancestors were among the early settlers of 

New England, was a lawyer, and one of the pioneers of 

Mount Vernon, where he practiced his profession until 

his death, in the year 1846. His mother, Sarah L. 

Edson, whose maiden name was Phelps, was a native of 

Connecticut. William P. Edson received his education 

at Mount Vernon, first attending the common schools, 

and afterwards spending four years at a private academy 

under the tuition of a teacher of superior qualifications. 

Ujion leaving ibis institution, lie began the sludy of 

1st Dist.\ 



law, was admitted to the bar in 1855, and immediately 
thereafter entered upon the practice of his profession at 
Mount Vernon. In the fall of 1856 he was elected a 
member of the Indiana Legislature, being then but 
twenty-two years of age, and one of the youngest mem- 
bers of that body. In 1858 he was elected prosecuting 
attorney for the Common Pleas Court of the circuit 
embracing the counties of Posey, Vanderburg, Warrick, 
and Gibson, and held this office for two years. In the 
year 1871 he was appointed, by Governor Baker, Judge 
of the Common Pleas Court, but resigned the office at 
the end of the year, because of the meager compen- 
sation. In 1876 he was placed in nomination by the 
Republican state convention for the office of Judge 
of the Supreme Court of Indiana, but, with the rest 
of the Republican ticket of that year, was defeated. 
Judge Edson has been an earnest student in his pro- 
fession. He is regarded as one of tlie most emi- 
nent lawyers in the state, and now enjoys a large 
practice at Mount Vernon. Judge Edson was mar- 
ried, January I, 1862, to Ruphenie Lockwood, daugh- 
ter of John M. Lockwood, of Mount Vernon. Five 
children, two sons and three daughters, are the result 
of this union — Eben D., Sarah P., John M., Charlotte 
Edson, and Caroline. 

— »-4M€>< — 

WDSON, JOSEPH PHELPS, brother of Judge Wm. 
H^ p. Edson, was born at Mount Vernon, Indiana, 
(^^ in 1831; was educated to the profession of law, 
^^•> and entered upon its practice in Mount Vernon in 
1854. He became very successful, acquiring a large and 
lucrative practice, and taking a very prominent position 
among the younger members of the bar in his section 
of the state. He was elected a Representative in the 
Indiana state Legislature from Posey and Vanderburg 
Counties in the fall of i860, and died while a member 
of that body in 1862. 

MBREE, ELISHA, attorney-at-law, of Princeton, 
Indiana, and ex-member of Congress, was born on 
^T^ the 28th of September, 1801, in Lincoln County, 
Kentucky, and was the son of Joshua and Eliza- 
beth Embree. When he was a small child his parents 
moved to the southern part of Kentucky, and in the 
year 181 1 went to Indiana, encamping for the first night 
in Indiana about three miles from Princeton. Here 
they settled, and began the work of preparing to culti- 
vate a farm. A year afterwards his father died, leaving 
a widow and six children, and Elisha was obliged to 
work hard, summer and winter, toward the support of 
himself and the family. Not having had an opportu- 

nity of attending school while a boy, his school educa- 
tion was not begun until he was eighteen years old, at 
which time he could only spell a few words in Web- 
ster's Speller. He then began attending school in the 
winter months, laboring upon the farm in the summer. 
His progress at school was rapid, and at an exhibition 
given by the school he displayed such an aptitude for 
declamation and oratory that the teacher advised him 
to become a lawyer, believing that his taste and talents 
for oratory would best be cultivated in that field. Ac- 
cepting this advice as soon as he was able to do so, he 
began the study of law with Hon. Samuel Hall, at 
Princeton, Indiana, and in 1825 was admitted to the 
bar. He then entered upon the practice of his profes- 
sion at Princeton, in which he was eminently successful, 
and was soon in the possession of a large and lucrative 
practice. He became an able and eloquent advocate 
and a sound and practical counselor, and took rank with 
the ablest members of the bar. In 1833 he was elected 
a member of the Indiana state Senate, and while a 
member of that body he almost alone opposed the in- 
ternal improvement legislation of that period, which 
subsequently bore such evil fruits. In 1835 ^^ ^^^ 
elected Judge of the Fourth Judicial Circuit Court of 
Indiana, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation 
of Hon. Samuel Hall, and in 1838 was re-elected for a 
full term of six years, serving ten years in that judicial 
position. In 1847 he was elected a Representative to 
Congress from the First Congressional District, defeat- 
ing the Hon. Robert Dale Owen, and being the first 
and only Whig ever elected in that district. He served 
two years in Congress, and was the originator of the 
proposition to abolish mileage to members of Congress. 
In 1849 he was a candidate for re-election, but was de- 
feated by Hon. Nathaniel Albertson. After this he de- 
voted much of his time to looking after his estate, having 
a number of farms which needed his personal supervi- 
sion. At the breaking out of the Rebellion he was an 
earnest advocate of the prosecution of the war for the 
preservation of the Union. He aided and encouraged 
the enlistment of troops, and his three sons entered the 
army — they were all he had. His oldest, James T., was 
a lieutenant-colonel in the 58th Regiment Indiana 
Volunteers. Much of his time after his sons went into 
the army was spent at the front, where he devoted his 
services to the sick and wounded soldiers. His labors 
and exposures during this period are believed to have 
been the cause of his death, which occuiTed at his 
home, in Princeton, Indiana, on the twenty-eighth day of 
February, 1863. He united with the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church in the year 1835, lived thenceforth a con- 
sistent Christian life, and died in the hope of a blessed 
immortality. He was eminent both as a lawyer and as 
a jurist. He was married, in 1827, to Miss Eleanor 
Rnbb, daughter nf Major Dnvid Robb, one of the pio- 



[ ist Dist. 

neer farmers of Indiana, who settled in Knox County 
in 1800, and who was a participant in the battle of 
Tippecanoe. Six children — three sons and three daugh- 
ters — were the fruit of this union. Two of the latter 
died in infancy. His third daughter died in the spring 
of this year, at Equality, Illinois, where she had resided 
for fifteen years. Her name was Maria Louisa Ross. 
Milton P. Embree died in April of this year, 1S80. 
Lieutenant-colonel James T. Embree, the oldest son, 
died in 1867, and David F., the second son, died in 
1877. Both of these were educated to the law, and the 
latter, David F. Embree, attained a distinguished posi- 
tion as one of the most brilliant members of the bar of 
Gibson County. 

— *-<»»■« — 

'VANS, GENERAL ROBERT M., was born in 
1783, in Frederick County, Virginia. While a 
small boy his parents removed to Botetourt County, 
where he remained until 1790, and when he was 
seventeen years old they went to Tazewell County. In 
this latter place he was deputy clerk while yet but a 
lad. In 1803 he moved to Paris, Kentucky, and there 
married Jane Trimble, sister of Judge Robert Trimble, 
of the Supreme Court of the United States. In 1805, 
with his family, he removed to Indiana Territory, and 
settled in the woods on a tract of land where Princeton 
now stands. At the first sale of government lands, in 
1807, he purchased the tract he had settled upon, and 
there continued to reside until 1809. He then removed 
to Vincennes, where he remained two years, and in a 
frame house kept a hotel. In the War of 1812 the sur- 
render of Hull left the north-western frontier exposed 
to the incursions of the British and Indians. This oc- 
casioned considerable alarm, and nearly ten thousand 
volunteers immediately offered themselves to the govern- 
ment, and, being placed under the command of General 
W. H. Harrison, marched toward the territory of Mich- 
igan. General Evans joined Harrison at once, and was 
appointed one of his aides. In this official capacity he 
proved so efficient that he was appointed by General 
Harrison brigadier-general, and placed in command of 
a large body of militia, both from Indiana and other 
territories. General Evans participated in the battle of 
the Thames, Tippecanoe, and other engagements, and 
had the reputation of being one of the best officers in 
the army, not only on account of his bravery, but also 
for his sagacity and ability as a leader. He had the 
misfortune at this time to lose his brother Jonathan, 
who was killed by the Indians in one of the skirmishes 
which preceded Tippecanoe. On his return to Gibson 
County from the war, he was elected county clerk, but 
in the following October, 1819, he resigned. He was in- 
strumental in forming Vanderbuig County, named after 
General Vanderburg, a celebrated Indian fighter. He 

also, in conjunction with J. W. Jones, purchased the 
land ujion which all Evansville north of the state road 
(Main Street) is situated, and founded the city which 
bears his name. He was also the means of its becom- 
ing the seat of justice. In 1824 General Evans removed 
to Evansville and remained one year, watching carefully 
over the city bearing his name. In the following year 
he removed to Princeton. After this he kept a hotel in 
New Harmony for one year. In 1828 he returned to 
Evansville, and there lived until his death, which took 
place in 1844. Mr. Evans was a noble man, and genei-- 
ous to a fault. His granddaughter has erected to his 
memory a fine hall in Evansville, which is set apart 
strictly for the use of temperance societies. 

VANS, WILLIAM L., president of the People's 
National Bank, of Princeton, was born December 
ft-'j^ 21, 1S28, at Princeton, Indiana. He is a son of 
James Evans, one of the earliest settlers of Gibson 
County, who was a brother of General Robert M. Evans, 
the founder of Evansville. James Evans was one of the 
most prominent men of the county in his day, cultivating 
a large farm on the edge of Princeton, and owning the 
only wool-carding machine in that section of the coun- 
try. He also held the important office of magistrate for 
a number of years. His death occurred at Princeton, in 
1S34. William L. Evans, the subject of this sketch, re- 
ceived a common school education in his native town, 
and in 1846 began to learn the saddlery trade with John 
McCoy, of Princeton, Indiana. In September, 1848, he 
left that business to take a position as clerk in the store 
of Samuel M. Archer, and remained with him for five 
years. Mr. Evans then went into partnership in the re- 
tail dry-goods business with his brother, Jonathan H. 
Evans, and Dr. Andrew Lewis. This partnership con- 
tinued until 1863, when the firm dissolved. In 1864 he 
formed another partnership, with W. D. Downey and 
Dr. A. Lewis, and the firm conducted a Iarg£ establish- 
ment in the same line, known as the New York Stoie. 
After three years Dr. Lewis sold out his interest to 
Messrs. Evans & Downey, who conducted it for five 
years. Mr. Evans, on account of his health, at the end 
of that time retired from business, in March, 1873. At 
that time the People's National Bank, of Princeton, was 
established, and in May, 1873, ^'^- Evans was chosen 
its president, and holds that office up to the present 
writing. The only public office held by him has been 
that of treasurer of the corporation of Princeton, which 
he has filled for about twelve years in all. In politics 
he has been a Republican since that party has existed. 
Mr. Evans has had an honorable career as a merchant, 
in which he has been successful, and is highly esteemed 
by the community in which he has always resided for 

1st Dist.] 



strict integrity in all bubiness transactions. In the set- 
tlement of his father's estate, Mr. Evans received as his 
share something less than three hundred dollars in cash, 
and this is all the capital he had, except what he had 
earned, upon which to begin business. The real estate 
left to him has never been touched, and remains to-day 
intact, it never having been a source of income. 

y|rFAILING, DOCTOR WALTER, was born in Mont- 
jlk gomery County, New York, June 7, 1820. He 
K^Q< is of German descent, and his paternal grand- 
<>)i£i mother was the niece of General Herkimer, of 
Revolutionaiy fame. He attended the common schools 
of the period until he was thirteen years of age. He 
then gave the next twenty years of his life to the study 
of medicine and the business of an apothecary, spend- 
ing a good part of the time in New York City, where 
he attended lectures in the Medical Department of the 
University of the City of New York. He is a member 
of the medical society of that state. He first began 
the practice of medicine, near Watertown. He was mar- 
ried to Miss Caroline Holmes, of Ontario County, in 
1852, and soon after — some time in 1856 — removed to 
Madison, Wisconsin. After the breaking out of the 
Rebellion, he returned to New York, entered the serv- 
ice of the United States, and was mustered into the 
service as surgeon of the 80th Regiment United States 
colored troops, which was commanded by the late 
lamented Colonel Cyrus Hamlin, son of the Vice-pres- 
ident of the United States. He was detailed for duty 
on the "Red River Expedition," under General Banks, 
and afterwards had charge of a hospital boat, where his 
responsibilities were great and his duties required much 
skill and executive ability, there being nearly a thou- 
sand men on board. This was after the retreat of Gen- 
eral Banks to Grand Ecore, Louisiana. Great as were 
the cares and responsibilities of Doctor Failing in this 
unfortunate expedition, with so vast a number of sick 
and wounded to look after, he acquitted himself so well 
that he was twice breveted for meritorious services. In 
1865 he returned to Watertown, New York, on fur- 
lough, to visit his family, expecting to be discharged 
from the service. But he was recalled, and assigned to 
duty as medical purveyor at the depot at Shreveport, 
Louisiana. After turning over the medical stores and 
property to the proper authorities at New Orleans, he 
was sent to take charge of the post at Alexandria, Lou- 
isiana, and was honorably discharged from the service 
in 1867, after which he removed to Rockport, Indiana. 
His wife died near Geneva, New York, while on a visit 
to her parents, on the ninth day of February, i866, since 
which time he has lived in Evansville, Indiana, where 
he is now engaged in discharging the duties of his pro- 

fession. Doctor Failing is modest and retiring in his 
disposition. He has fine literary tastes, and is very fond 
of general literature, devoting nearly all his spare time 
to books. He is also a very fine elocutionist, an excel- 
lent conversationalist, and has social qualities of a very 
high order. He is a good writer, and has made the 
study of the meaning and origin of words a specialty. 
He has written a series of articles for the public press 
on these topics, in which he has ably shown the solid- 
ity and piquancy of our language. He sometimes gives 
dramatic readings to a private circle of literary friends, 
and displays much talent, both in comedy and tragedy. 
Doctor Failing is very affectionate, and strongly attached 
to his children, all of whom are now grown men and 
women, and live in New York. He is about medium 
size, has a fine physique, indicating longevity; an intel- 
lectual head and face, and genial manners. He is, in 
short, a gentleman of culture, whose society 's sought 
by the learned and good of every community in whicli 
he has lived. 

— •<SSi«>-> — 

QjfFuLLER, BENONI STINSON, of Boonville, was 
*)||\ born in Warrick County, Indiana, November 13, 
(^d.< 1825. Lham Fuller, his father, was a mechanic 
e)ls and well-to-do farmer, who was born in North 
Carolina, and came to Indiana in 1816, then a howling 
wilderness. He was a representative man in many par- 
ticulars, and his career finally became more public than 
private. He was a close student, a critical historian, 
and a very careful investigator of the Scriptures. He 
was passionately fond of studying the Bible and history, 
and, being a good conversationalist as well as a public 
speaker, he was often sought out by his many friends 
and acquaintances for his opinions on these and kindred 
subjects. He was a strong, well-built, athletic man 
physically, but a very peaceable and quiet citizen. He 
seemed destined to fill a niche in the history of his adopted 
state, and did her good service at various times. He 
was a member of the Legislature six consecutive years. 
This was during the critical period when repudiation 
of the state debt was freely talked of, between the years 
1842-48. He was born in 1798, and died February 14, 
1856. His wife came also from North Carolina soon 
after her husband did. She likewise did much in shap- 
ing the destiny of young Benoni. His worth has been 
largely due to the training of that loving hand. She 
was very devout, and the impressions she then made 
were on a mind that did not forget her sympathy and 
tenderness. Mr. Fuller, as a son of pioneer parents, 
had few advantages for securing an education; but he 
had energy and industry, and soon mastered the rudi- 
ments. A few short months in the log-cabin college 
each winter were the sum total of his early advantages; 
but he did much reading outside. Before he was 


\_i5t Dist. 

twenty-one we find him in the school-room as teacher, 
which of itself speaks for the way in which he spent 
his time. When a boy he did any thing for a living — 
cut wood, mauled rails, burned brush, cleared land, and 
did all other farm work incident to pioneer life. His 
father gave him his time before he became of age, and 
he used it apparently to good advantage. He worked 
at home or abroad, by the day or month, and was care- 
ful to husband his means and prepare himself for the 
future. His public life began when he was about thirty 
years old. At this time he was elected sheriff of the 
county, and served two terms, from 1857 to 1S61. In 
1862, during the beginning of troubles with the South, 
he was deemed a fit man to be trusted, and was sent to 
the state Senate. After this he was elected twice to 
the Lower House, once in 1 866 and again in 1868. The 
last time he served he was unanimously nominated 
president by the Democratic caucus of its members. In 
1S72 he was elected again state Senator; in 1874 was 
chosen Congressman, over Heilman, and again elected to 
the satne position in 1876. In 1878 he declined renomi- 
nation. It is but fair to say he never sought office — 
and when thrust upon him by his party he resorted to 
no tricks in demagogy for votes. Mr. Fuller is yet 
comparatively a young man, although he has filled so 
many important positions. He has left the political 
field and found a retreat from public life on his farm 
near Boonville, quietly enjoying seclusion and rest. 
He is a man of considerable culture, possesses a fine 
physique, and has nerve and energy as a speaker. He 
is greatly admired for his many fine qualities of head 
and heart, and as a man and citizen is much respected 
and loved by his neighbors. 

jyilLBERT, JOHN, vice-president of the Merchants'- 
National Bank, of Evansville, was born in Chester 
County, Pennsylvania, in 1818. His ancestors were 
among the first settlers of New England, having 
arrived there with the Puritan fathers in the early part 
of the seventeenth century. His great-grandfather was 
one of the first to enlist in the Revolutionary army, and 
was killed at Breed's Hill, the first battle of the war. 
John Gilbert, while a child, removed with his father's 
family to a farm about forty miles west of Colum- 
bus, Ohio, where he lived until he was about eight- 
een years old. His school advantages were very meager, 
having been confined to such as could be obtained in 
three winters' attendance of a common school in a newly 
developed country. It remained, therefore, with him- 
self to obtain such instruction as he could by reading 
and studying during leisure hours, and by the lime he 
liad grown to manhood he had acquired what is con- 
siilered an ordinary common school education. In 1836 

he left his father's farm, and traveled through the West- 
ern States in the employ of the American Fur Company 
for two years; after which he settled at Golconda, 
Illinois, and engaged in mercantile pursuits, which he 
continued successfully for twenty years. He then em- 
barked in the steamboat business on the Ohio River, 
and has since been prominently identified with steam- 
boat interests on various rivers of the West. After the 
close of the Civil War he organized the Evansville and 
Tennessee River Packet Company, and started the first 
boat on the line from Evansville to Florence, Alabama. 
This line has ever since made weekly trips between the 
two points. Mr. Gilbert has been connected with the 
Evansville and Cairo line of steamboats since its organ- 
ization, and was largely interested in the Evansville and 
New Orleans Packet Company while it existed. His 
vessel interests being centered principally at Evansville, 
he removed there in 1872, and has since been identified 
with the various interests of that city. He was one of 
the originators of the Citizens' Insurance Company, 
of which he is now-vice-president. He is a stockholder 
of the Evansville Land Association, vice-president and 
treasurer of the Evansville Street Railway Company, 
and vice-president of the Merchants' National Bank. 
Previous to his removal from Golconda, Illinois, he 
held the office of mayor of that city. Since his con- 
nection with steamboat matters he has had built, either 
for himself or for the companies he represented, a num- 
ber of steamboats for the river trade, prominent among 
which are the " W. A. Johnson" and "Silver Cloud," 
constructed by Marine Ways of Cincinnati, and the 
"Idlewild" and "Red Cloud," built by the Howards, 
of Louisville. The "Idlewild" is regarded as the 
fastest and most perfect steamboat of her size on West- 
ern waters. During his residence in Evansville Mr. 
Gilbert has been one of her most enterprising business 
men and public-spirited citizens. He has, by his energy 
and attention to affairs, acquired a competence, and 
obtained the esteem and confidence of all with whom 
he has had either business or social relations. Mr. Gil- 
bert has been a stanch Republican ever since that party 
has had an existence. He was married, in January, 
1842, to Miss Cornelia A. Bucklin, a native of Rhode 
Island. They have five children, the youngest of whom, 
a son, is sixteen years of age. 

Hon. Peyton Randolph and Anna (Porter) Gilbert, 
and grandson of Colonel Samuel Gilbert, who so 
nobly earned his title of colonel during the Revo- 
lutionary War, was born in Hebron, Tolland County, 
Connecticut, on December 9, 1821, being the youngest 
son of a faniilv of three daughters and five sons. His 

1st Dist.l 



eldest brother, Rev. Edwin Randolph Gilbert, was a 
graduate of Yale College, and soon after finishing its 
theological course was chosen pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church of Wallingford, Connecticut, remaining in 
charge of it for more than forty-two years, and until 
his death. From his infancy his parents had desired 
that their youngest son should also go through Yale 
College and be a minister, but told him that he could, 
of course, make his own choice of a vocation. He pre- 
ferred being a farmer, as his father and two brothers 
had been before him. His education was obtained at 
the district schools at home, and from a course at Bacon 
Academy, at Colchester, Connecticut; directly after 
finishing which he, before he was sixteen years old, 
began teaching a district school in tire adjoining town 
of Bolton, having several boy scholars as old as himself, 
a fact which was not especially gratifying to him, as he 
ascertained that they had "turned out" their teacher the 
previous winter; and it was a great satisfaction to him 
to know, when his term closed, that he had not experi- 
enced the same fate. He taught also the two succeed- 
ing winters, working on his father's farm the remainder 
of the time. In the autumn of 1840 his brother, Charles 
A. Gilbert, four years his senior, then in the hay and 
grain business in Mobile, Alabama, wrote to him, 
urging Samuel to come immediately to. that city. He 
did so, and acted as clerk for his brother three years, 
and was then in partnership with him for seven years. 
During this time they continued the hay and grain busi- 
ness, but had added to it a line of steamers running be- 
tween Mobile and New Orleans, building, in 1843-44, 
the "Montezuma," and in subsequent years the 
"Mobile" and the "St. Charles." These "two boys," 
for such they were comparatively, had started with fif- 
teen hundred dollars, given to each when of age by 
their father, and this was all the capital either then had, 
except what little they had been able to make; and, as 
they had then for several years paid all their own ex- 
penses, the sum saved was small. It can readily be 
seen, therefore, that to carry on the above two lines of 
business by themselves (as they never liad any partner) 
required clear heads and very careful financiering; but 
they had the satisfaction during all this time of paying 
every obligation at maturity, and each succeeding year 
making their business more profitable than the preceding. 
In the summer of 1850 they sold their entire steamboat 
interests, at a round profit, to the Mobile and New Or- 
leans Mail Line Company. His health having become 
somewhat impaired by the climate or overwork, or both, 
the younger brother decided to remove North, and after 
examination fixed on Evansville, Indiana, as his future 
location, judging that, though then a very small city, 
its future prospects were good; and he with his wife and 
their little son, Frank Manson, moved to Evansville in 
November, 1850. And here he experienced his first 

great loss, when, after nearly four years of happy wedded 
life, his beloved wife, Cordelia Frances, daughter of 
Lewis C. Manson, Esq., of New Orleans, Louisiana, sud- 
denly died, on November 7, 1850. She was a skillful per- 
former on the harp and piano, and a beautiful, lovely, 
and estimable woman. Having resolved when they sold 
their line in Mobile never to own in steamboats again, 
and thinking Evansville then too small a place for the 
hay and grain trade, he had to seek a new business; and, 
though he had no experience whatever in the grocery 
line, still, believing, as he did, that a man can learn 
any thing if he will apply himself, he decided to do a 
wholesale grocery business, and opened such a store in 
December, 1S50, carrying it on for seven years without 
any partner, after which he had two in succession, to 
whom he gave an interest, though always furnishing all 
the capital himself. His business increased almost every 
year from the beginning. He always did all the buying 
for the house, and most of the profits were derived from 
purchasing largely of such articles as he thought likely 
to advance. In some cases he bought what he estimated 
to be from one yc;ir to three years' stock of some goods 
which he thought sure to increase in price. Finding 
in 1865 that their business required a larger store, he 
bought seventy-five by one hundred and fifty feet of 
ground on First Street, below Sycamore — though it did 
not then appear to have entered the mind of any one 
except himself that the whdesale business could ever 
go below Sycamore Street — and the next year covered 
his ground with three four-story buildings, the largest 
then in the city. It was evidently thought favorably 
of, however, as one after another purchased land near 
him, and in less than five years that whole square was 
covered with four-story buildings, and also about two- 
thirds of the square next farthest away from the former 
wholesale business. In 1873, af'cr thirty-three years of 
active mercantile life, he had made what he regarded as 
an ample competence, and quitted the mercantile busi- 
ness, resolving to have that "easier time" to which he 
had so long looked forward, and which he is now (1S80) 
enjoying. He has never bad any love or desire for polit- 
ical life, nor any hankering after office, preferring always 
to attend to his own business and let every body else do 
the same. On December 7, 1852, he married Mi>s Mary 
Jane Mackey, a native of Evansville, by whom he had 
two children, David Mackey and Ida Anna, both of 
whom are still living. The daughter has fine powers as 
a singer. She was married to Mr. S. R. Ward, of New- 
ark, New Jersey, on February 3, 1880. Both her parents 
have always been very fond of music. Her mother was 
a member of the Walnut Street Church choir, of Evans- 
ville, from her early girlhood until a few years ago, and 
her father, the subject of this sketch, joined that choir 
in 1851, and has all the time since been one of its active 
members. He takes much pleasure in stating that dur- 



\_jst Dist. 

ing these twenty-nine years there has never been a single 
dispute among the members of that choir — a remarkable 
fact, as it is known that these musical bodies are quite 
too noted for their quarrels. Mr. Gilbert stands high 
as a business man in Evansville, and his sterling worth, 
straightforward manner of doing business, social and 
genial ways, have won for him a host of friends, and 
give him a position among the most prominent men of 
his adopted city. 

— »4sa*x — 

|aAS, doctor ISAIAH, dentist, of Evansville, 
was born at Newark, Ohio, February 22, 1829. 
He is the eldest son of Adam Haas, a native of 
Virginia, born December 25, 179S, who, in early 
manhood, removed to Newark, Ohio, thence to Dela- 
ware County, Ohio, and engaged in mercantile pursuits. 
In 184S he removed to Wabash, Indiana, and was a 
merchant there until i860. Isaiah Haas received a fair 
common school education, and then entered his father's 
store as clerk and bookkeeper. In 1845, when the 
Morse electric telegraph was being extended westward, 
an office was opened above his father's store, and he 
was induced to learn telegraphy. He entered into the 
work with enthusiasm, and with ten days' instruction 
became qualified to attend to all the duties of the office, 
including receiving and sending dispatches, managing 
the batteries, and many of the principles of electric tele- 
graphy. After conducting this office for a short time, he 
acquired the art of reading communications over the 
wires by the faintest murmurings of the instrument. 
His great skill coming to the knowledge of Ezra Cor- 
nell, Esq., of Ithaca, New York, afterwards the founder 
of Cornell University, he, then only twenty-two years of 
age, was appointed superintendent of the long telegraph 
line running in and through the slates of Ohio. Indiana, 
and Illinois, which had been leascil by Mr. Cornell. 
This position he held for the next two or three years, 
and so successfully managed the affairs connected with 
it as to receive many flattering letters of commendation 
from Mr. Cornell. While engaged in telegraphing, his 
attention was attracted to the profession of dentistry, 
and, having a decided taste in that direction, he re- 
solved lo fit himself for that profession. He studied 
under the tuition of Professor A. M. Moore, of Lafay- 
ette, Indiana, and Profe.ssor Samuel Wardle, of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, both eminent dentists, and settled down to 
practice at Lafayette, Indiana. He continued there, 
meeting with excellent success, until 1859. In the 
early part of that year, while on his way to make a visit 
to the South, with his wife and child he was detained 
two days at Evansville, on account of low water in the 
river, and was induced by some of his old friends resid- 
ing there to make Evansville his future home. In a 
few weeks he removed thither, opened an office, and, 

as his reputation was even then wide-spread, he at once 
received a large and lucrative patronage. Enthusiastic 
in his profession, and ambitious to place himself fore- 
most in its front ranks, he gave to it his earnest study, 
exercised his ingenuity in the invention of various instru- 
ments and appliances for the aid of dental surgery, ?uc- 
cessfully undertook the treatment of cases which had 
defied the skill of others eminent in the profession, and 
accomplished some of the most difficult and delicate 
operations that have ever been undertaken. The inva- 
riable success that attended his labors gave him in due 
time a reputation second to no dentist in the country, 
and the fact that people come to him at Evansville from 
almost every Western and South-western State, and from 
as far east as New York City and Washington, District 
of Columbia, while people who have removed from 
Evansville have returned great distances for this pur- 
pose, is evidence of the eminence he has attained. Be- 
lieving that the science of medicine would prove of 
great benefit to him in dentistry, he has given to it much 
study, and has some reputation as a surgeon. For seven 
years he assisted Professor M. J. Bray, the most emi- 
nent surgeon in Evansville, in all his surgical operations ; 
and Professor Bray states that Doctor Haas has no su- 
perior as an assistant surgeon in the state of Indiana. 
Recognizing his eminent ability both in his own pi-ofes- 
sion and in that of medicine, the faculty of Evansville 
Medical College invited him to deliver a series of lec- 
tures before the college during the sessions of 1879 and 
1880. While he has made various inventions in the aid 
and advancement of dentistry, he never secured patents 
upon them, believing that the profession should have 
the free use of any appliances or discoveries made by 
any of its members. Doctor Haas takes some pride in 
the fact that, during his twenty-five years of practice, 
fifteen students have graduated from his office, under 
his instruction, and are now established in various parts 
of the West and South, successfully engaged in the 
practice of dentistry. For many years Doctor Haas has 
been one of the most prominent members of the Ma- 
sonic Fraternity in the state of Indiana. He has been 
successively elected master of Evansville Lodge, No. 64, 
has been an officer of the Grand Lodge of the state, dis- 
trict deputy master, and district deputy lecturer for each 
for several years, and is distinguished among Masons 
throughout the state for his knowledge of Masonic law 
and landmarks. Doctor Haas was first married, in 
1852, to MisH Adaline McHenry, of Vincennes, Indiana, 
who early fell a victim to consumption. Two children 
born to them died in childhood. In 1857 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Sarah K. McHenry, a sister of his first wife, 
by whom he has seven children, five sons and two 
daughters. Doctor Haas, while eminent in his profes- 
sion, is a man of varied acquirements, of fine aesthetic 
taste and culture, has done much reading in general 

1st Dist.] 



literature, is of a genial and social nature, and pos- 
sesses the esteem and confidence of all with whom he 
has either business, professional, or social relations. 

fOWELL, MASON J., was born in Woodford 
County, Kentucky, August I, 1795. When he 
was five years of age his father moved south of Green 
-1% River, to what is now Hopkins County, where he 
died. Shortly after his death his mother married Col- 
onel Hugh McGeary, who kept a hotel at Red Banks, 
now Henderson. Ln 1812 Mason volunteered, upon the 
call of the Governor of that state for troops to march 
to the relief of the North-west Territory against the 
British and Indians, and served through the war. In 
1816 he came to Spencer County, Indiana, and was mar- 
ried, in the same year, to Miss Nellie Rodgers, of 
Owensboro, Kentucky. Mason Howell served a number 
of years as colonel of the militia, many years as Justice 
of the Peace, and also a number of years as register of 
the land office at Jeffersonville, Indiana. For a long 
time he served in succession the people in the Upper 
and Lower Houses of the Legislature. In 1854 Governor 
Wright appointed Colonel Howell commissioner of 
swamp lands in Spencer County, and at one time he was 
elected county judge by a union of all parties. Colonel 
Howell was a good man, high-principled and honorable, 
and his death was deeply regretted. Tt occurred Octo- 
ber 17, 1875, at the residence of his granddaughter, 
Mrs. George Graff, in Spencer County. 

jlf ICKS, R. S., founder of the Democrat, of Rock- 
port, was born at Patriot, Switzerland County, In- 
diana, April 12, 1825. At the age of nine years 
'^{?2 he was given to an uncle, who took him to the 
Wea Plains, in Tippecanoe County, where he remained 
on a farm until the autumn of 1839, when his uncle re- 
turned to Patriot. From that time to the fall of 1842 
he was a drayman in that place. In 1842 his father 
took him to Franklin, Johnson County, and put him in 
the office under Captain David Allen, then clerk of that 
county, where he remained until the death of Captain 
Allen, in Mexico, in 1846, with the exception of nine 
months in which he taught district schools. It was in 
the clerk's office that Mr. Hicks secured, through the 
aid of the county library, all the education he ever re- 
ceived. After the death of Captain Allen he became 
the deputy clerk under Isaac Jones, who shortly after 
his appointment also died. Upon this happening Mr. 
Hicks was made clerk of the county, under appoint- 
ment, and then deputy under the elected clerk, Jacob 
Sibert, Esq. In 185 1 he was elected Justice of the 

Peace, at Franklin, and served eighteen months. In 
1852 he was elected Representative from that county 
to the Legislature, and in the spring of 1S53, upon the 
unanimous recommendation of his fellow members of 
the Legislature, received an appointment as clerk in the 
pension office at Washington, under President Pierce, 
but, owing to sickness in his family, returned to Indi- 
ana the following autumn, and was appointed deputy 
auditor of state, under Major John P. Dunn, where he 
remained until the establishment of the Democrat. He 
served for four sessions of the Legislature as assistant 
clerk ill the Senate and House of Representatives, 
in the years 1849, 1850, 1851, and 1855. In 1856 he 
was elected clerk of Spencer County, and re-elected in 
i860, serving in that capacity continuously eight years. 
After his second term of office expired, March I, 1865, 
he engaged in the practice of law, and still pursues 
that noble profession. In April, 1877, in connection 
with his son, Charles A. Hicks, he established the Rock- 
port weekly Gazette, and has by prudence, diligence, and 
good conduct, made it a successful and honorable Dem- 
ocratic newspaper, the exponent of a cultivated constit- 
uency throughout Spencer County. 

j^jUDSPETH, THOMAS JACKSON, of Boonville, 
tTJi was born April 16, 1819, in Warren County, Ken- 
^t* tucky. Thomas, his father, was born in Virginia 
'^'&j, about 1793. He first moved to Kentucky, and 
from there removed to Indiana while it was a territory; 
but, having some difficulty with the Indians, he went 
back to Kentucky, and in the year 1825 removed to 
Indiana, where he lived at his home in Warrick County 
until his death, about the year 1857. Thomas Hud- 
speth was for several years a sheriff of the county, and 
was also elected county treasurer two or three different 
times, and was also a Justice of the Peace several times. 
He was a man who strongly favored a strict ob.servance 
of abstinence, although in those days it was customary 
to have whisky as well as water at all public gatherings. 
He had the moral courage to refuse it even at log-roll- 
ings, although he knew that by so doing he would 
bring down the jeers and scoffs of his neighbors. He 
thus lived and died, and left for his children an ex- 
ample of the beauty of a well-controlled life. His 
mother was a Boone, cousin of Ratliffe Boone, who was 
for a number of years Congressman of this district. 
She, like her husband, was very careful, in the rearing 
of her children, to teach them temperance and morality 
in all things. She died at the age of seventy, about 
five years after her husband's death. Thomas Jackson, 
the subject of this sketch, spent most of his days in this 
county, coming here when a child, and having remained 
during his life. His history is "^vnnnvmous with the 



yist Dist. 

growth and development of Boonville. His early life 
was spent in the rugged wear and tear of pioneer civil- 
ization. He had practically no advantages of schooling, 
for to be three months each year on a slab bench, with 
slate in hand, was hardly proof against the forgetfulness 
of the other nine — clearing lands, burning brush, and 
doing hard manual labor. The care exercised in pro- 
viding a family with the sustenance of life, in those 
days of general scarcity, was considerable ; so that old 
settlers who weathered through and built up for them- 
selves comfortable, pleasant homes, as Mr. Hudspeth 
has done, deserve appreciative notice for having been a 
blessing to their neighbors and the country as well as them- 
selves. Mr. Hudspeth began life for himself as a dry- 
goods merchant about the year 1843, and has continued in 
that business ever since. He has been successful in his 
enterprises and has done much towards the general wel- 
fare of his town. He built the second brick store- 
house ever put up in Boonville, and afterwards built the 
large tobacco warehouse, three other store-houses, and 
two large flouring-mills, one of which was burned down 
in 1859. He has also built otl>er houses, but of less 
magnitude. Mr. Hudspeth has been married twice, the 
first time to Mrs. Edwards, of Tennessee. She was a 
woman highly spoken of by those who knew her, and 
was regarded as one of the most exemplary women of the 
whole country. She was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and was always doing good both in 
and out of season. During the late Civil War she and 
Mr. Hudspeth both contributed largely and freely to the 
soldiers' wives, with food, clothing, and so on. Their 
house was a refuge for them, and there they often went. 
Mr. Hudspeth himself furnished them clothing and other 
things from his own store for a long time upon credit, 
not knowing how the war would terminate, and this, 
too, under circumstances very embarrassing to himself 
financially. At that time he was again starting in busi- 
ness, and while he had credit himself he had but little 
means of his own ; however, notwithstanding this fact, 
tlie soldiers' wives, not being able to get goods on trust 
at any other store in the town, flocked in swarms to 
him, and were never dismissed without getting what 
they wanted. Fortunately, in the course of time they 
received money, and most of them paid up, and Mr. 
Hudspeth was saved in his business. During the war 
he loudly advocated Union principles, and for so doing 
many times received abuse. He himself was watched 
on the wayside. .Several attempts were made to take 
his life, and even pistols clicked in his face, but while 
he was always a fearless and daring man, he always 
came out unscathed. His brothers, three in number, 
have been in different ways and times connected with 
him in business. They were a loving quartet, never 
having had an unkind word. They kept no account 
among themselves, but shared their gains and losses 

equally. To this day they have had no settlement, and 
probably never will have, although they have handled 
money by the tens of thousands. These brothers are 
known East and West. Mr. Hudspeth has, however, 
suffered financially to a great extent by others, through 
misplaced confidence when trying to help them. 

^ FNGLE, JOHN, junior, of Evansville, late president 
A [ of the Evansville and Terre Haute Railroad Com- 
i.\ pany, was born in Somersham, Huntingdonshire, 
■^"m England, January 29, 1812. His father, John Ingle, 
senior, was born at the same place, in 1788, and came 
to America in 1818, arriving at Evansville in August of 
that year. He bought a farm in Scott Township, at a 
place now known as Inglefield, and was appointed post- 
master of the township by President Monroe, retaining 
that office for over forty-five years. He died in 1874, 
at the advanced age of eighty-six years. John Ingle, 
junior, was his eldest son. At the age of twelve he 
attended the common schools of Princeton, Indiana, 
remaining a year and a half. He served an apprentice- 
ship at the trade of cabinet-maker, partly at Princeton 
and partly at Stringtown, and in 1833 started South. 
He worked at his trade at Vicksburg, Mississippi, New 
Orleans, and Philadelphia. He toiled ten hours a day; 
and, having determined to become a lawyer, he devoted 
all his leisure time to the study of law in the office of 
Thomas Armstrong, afterwards eminent for his legal 
attainments. He had as fellow-students George R. 
Graham, afterwards editor of Grahain's Magazine^ and 
Charles J. Peterson, since publisher of Petersoii's Ladies' 
Magazine. He was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia 
in March, 1838, and soon after removed to Evansville, 
Indiana, where he opened an office with Hon. James 
Lockhart. This partnership continued for a year, 
when Mr. Ingle became associated with Charles I. Bat- 
tel, and secured and retained a large practice. He 
became popular as an attorney, and acquired a high 
reputation as a leading lawyer. In 1846 he formed a 
partnership with E. Q. Wheeler ; and, three years later, 
Asa Iglehart was admitted as junior member of the firm. 
In 1S50 Mr. Ingle retired from practice to take the man- 
agement of the construction of the Evansville and 
Crawfordsville Railroad, of which he was one of the 
originators. Evansville was then a small place, and, the 
Wabash and Erie Canal project having failed, the fu- 
ture of the city depended upon the construction of a 
railroad line which should afford direct and quick com- 
munication with northern points; and it was evident to 
the leading citizens that this must be done immediately. 
Mr. Ingle determined to take hold of the enterprise and 
to carry it forward to completion. The city issued 
bonds to the amount of one hundred thousand dollars. 

1st Disi:\ 



and the county raised an equal amount, and with these 
as collateral sufficient money was obtained to complete 
the road to Princeton, and it was soon in active opera- 
tion. Mr. Ingle first acted as superintendent of the 
railroad, and proved himself a skillful manager, an able 
financier, and a man of unusual executive abilities. He 
vv'as soon after chosen by the directors as president. 
This office he held until 1873, when, on account of ill- 
health, he resigned. He died October 7, 1875. The 
construction of this road was very largely due to the in- 
domitable perseverance of Mr. Ingle, who, with many 
perplexing trials and discouragements, labored to bring 
it to a successful completion. The labor was so severe 
as to injure his health, and for two years before his 
death he was unable to do much active business. He 
will long be remembered in Evansville as one of her 
most enterprising citizens, who accomplished as much 
for her future prosperity as any other one man. He 
was married, at Madison, Indiana, in 1842, to Miss Isa- 
bella C. Davidson, daughter of William Davidson, of 
Scotland. Seven children are the fruits of this union, 
all of whom are living. 

Jl^RWIN, JOSEPH W., a prominent jihysician and 
fll surgeon of Evansville, Vanderburg County, \wd\- 
X\ ana, was born February 3, 1850, in the parish of 
•NS Killyniard, county of Donegal, Ireland. He was 
the youngest son of Francis and Isabella Irwin, whose 
maiden name was Wark, who were of Scotch and En- 
glish ancestiy. The rudiments of his education were ob- 
tained in the national schools of his native place, after 
which he was sent to a private school, and finally en- 
tered upon a course of higher studies in the University 
of Dublin. His advanlages for knowledge were now 
greatly increased. He became a diligent student, and 
so earnestly did he apply himself to his books that in 
consequence his health became somewhat impaired, and 
he began to show signs of debility. Having become 
thoroughly acquainted with the history of the United 
States, he felt a longing desire to see a land of which 
he had read so much, and with the consent of his par- 
ents he determined to try his fortune in America, 
though but a lad of seventeen. He took passage for 
New York April 19, 1867, and the 3d of May following 
he arrived in that city, after a pleasant voyage of four- 
teen days. He then proceeded to Pennsylvania, and 
thence to Indiana, where he had relatives. He was fa- 
vorably impressed with the climate and country, and 
especially with its commercial advantages, and was not 
long in deciding that Indiana should be his future home, 
lie took a course of business training at a commer- 
cial college in Evansville, with the intention of engag- 
ing in commercial pursuits, but having in the mean 

time become acquainted with a Doctor Runcie, a 
prominent and successful physician in the city of 
Evansville, he was prevailed upon by him to commence 
the study of medicine. This was a new idea for our 
young student, as his early tastes and inclinations had 
been toward the legal profession ; but, being urged by 
Doctor Runcie to take the step, he changed his idea of 
a commercial life, and entered the doctor's office in 
August, 1868. Here he devoted himself earnestly to 
the study of medicine, in which he soon became deeply 
interested, and in three years' time he was conversant 
with the practice as well as with the theory of medicine. 
In August, 1S71, he entered Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Here he soon became 
known as the ablest student of his class, and was ap- 
pointed its chairman. Two years later he was ap- 
pointed chairman of the graduating class, consisting of 
one hundred and fifty-one members, among which were 
students from thirty-eight different states and countries. 
This class was graduated March 12, 1873. After receiv- 
ing his diploma he returned to his adopted place, the 
city of Evansville, and entered into a copartnership with 
his preceptor. After eighteen months of successful 
practice, this connection was dissolved by the ill-health 
of Doctor Runcie, which resulted in his death a few 
months later. Our young physician had already estab- 
lished the reputation of being a successful and skillful 
practitioner, and was rewarded with a large and lucra- 
tive business from the beginning. This has steadily in- 
creased up to the present time, until it is generally con- 
ceded that his practice is as large as any physician's in 
the city. This has been brought about by close appli- 
cation to business, constant study, and the faculty to 
readily diagnose a case. His services are sought after 
in the surrounding portions of Illinois, Kentucky, and 
several adjoining states. Not only does he enjoy the 
reputation of being a skilled physician among his pa- 
tients, but the fraternity recognize in him an able 
counselor, and a gentleman of high culture and attain- 
ments. He was the first physician to remove a cata- 
ract by extraction, and the first to perform the op- 
eration of lithotrity in the city of Evansville. He is 
a member of the Alumni Association of Jefferson Medi- 
cal College and Vanderburg County (Indiana) Medical 
Society, and is also a Mason. His religious views con- 
cur with the doctrines and teachings of the Episcopal 
Church. In politics he has ever taken an active part, 
but not more than a good citizen ought to show. He 
has always voted the Republican ticket since becoming 
a naturalized citizen of the United States. He takes a 
lively interest in the growth and prosperity of Evans- 
ville, and contributes to all public improvements. As a 
citizen Doctor Irwin has been successful in gaining the 
confidence and esteem of all who know him, by an ear- 
nest, upright, and manly life. He is a gentleman of 



{ist Dist. 

fine appearance, quiet and unostentatious in his de- 
meanor, yet affable and pleasing in his conversation. 
He is yet a young man, being in his thirty-first year, 
and we predict for him a long life, full of usefulness 
and much prosperity. He was married, May 28, 1879, 
to Miss Stella Idalette, daughter of Rev. D. D. Mather, 
of Fostoria, Ohio ; but the happy union was early 
brought to a close by the sudden death of Mrs. Irwin, 
on the nth of July following, by the accidental dis- 
charge of a pistol in her own hands. 

^j^ERCHEVAL, ROBERT TRUE, of Rockport, 
^[^ was born in Campbell (now Kenton) County, 
®,l.J- Kentucky, April 3, 1824. His grandfather Ker- 
fcjiA cheval was a tenant on one of General Washing- 
ton's farms. His son, the father of the subject of this 
sketch, was a native of Culpepper County, Virginia. 
He removed to Mason County, Kentucky, and when 
quite young was married to Miss Longly. Of the four 
children who were the issue of this marriage, but one, 
Mrs. Julia Threlkeld, the eldest of the family, survives. 
She is now living in Kansas City, Missouri. The second 
marriage was to Miss Ann Dicken, of Culpepper County, 
Virginia. Fourteen children, five sons and nine daugh- 
ters, were born to them, making eighteen children in 
all. Robert True, the youngest son by the last mar- 
riage, never saw his step-sister, Mrs. Threlkeld, until he 
was thirty-five years old, when by accident he was intro- 
duced by her own daughter. One brother of Mr. Ker- 
cheval lives in Cincinnati, and is a prominent merchant 
of that city. Mr. Kercheval's maternal grandfather, 
Dicken, came to Kentucky at an early day, and his 
family was one of the five original ones which settled 
in Campbell County. He was a Revolutionary soldier, 
and served from the beginning till the close of hostili- 
ties. His own father was in the War of 1S12. He was 
born in 1784, married to Miss Ann Dicken in 181 1, 
and died in 1839, at the age of fifty-five years. He had 
been an anti-slavery man during his life, and those 
principles were inherited by his children. It is useless 
to remark that they were all Union men. Mr. Dicken 
conveyed by deed a negress to his daughter when she 
was married ; but Mr. Kercheval released her from the 
bonds of servitude immediately, although she remained 
ever afterward as one of the family, and until the par- 
ents wefe both dead and the children grown up and 
scattered. She is still living, and at this time is very 
aged. At the time Mr. Kercheval came to Campbell 
County, Cincinnati only contained three thousand inhab- 
itants. The subject of our sketch, Robert True Ker- 
cheval, had no particular advantages in beginning life. 
His father was poor, the country was thinly settled, and 
there were no educational facilities save a log school-house. 

three miles off, in a deep ravine, into which only the 
midday sun could penetrate. Here for a few yvinters, 
for three months only each year before attaining the 
age of twelve, he was permitted to attend school, and 
learn to read and cipher. He remained at home until 
he was seventeen years old, when he apprenticed him- 
self to a black.smith, to learn that trade, remaining in 
that business for twelve years. In 1847 he was married 
to Miss Ann Silverthorn, of Accomack County, Virginia, 
and continued working at his trade until 1853, when he 
moved to Spencer County, Indiana, and there taught 
school for four years succeeding, having during his 
previous leisure hours in years preceding so utilized his 
spare moments as to tfioroughly ground himself in the 
principles underlying an education. After this he was 
elected Justice of the Peace, and served in that capacity 
for four years. During this time, while teaching, he 
studied law, and practiced with General Veatch five 
years. In 1S61 he was given a position as route agent 
between Louisville and Cairo, and was assigned to duty 
between Evansville, Indiana, and Cairo, Illinois. The 
appointment was made through solicitation of his friends, 
and was unexpected to him. This was in April, 1861. 
In the latter part of that same year he was made 
an agent of the Treasury Department, and held both 
commissions until 1864 — an official fact, probably, not 
to be found elsewhere in the archives of the govern- 
ment. For three years, as an officer in the secret serv- 
ice of the government, for such he was in truth, he had 
many experiences, and met with many thrilling adven- 
tures. We can give here but faint ideas of such a 
stirring period in his life. In these three years an age 
was condensed, it being continually replete with astound- 
ing events. His services to the government were of in- 
calculable benefit, situated as he was on the border line 
of rebeldom. Probably more information was given to 
the authorities at Washington of the enemy, its forces, 
movements, etc., through agencies known only and 
subservient to him, different in character and pur- 
pose, than from any other one source. His boat, 
known as the "Floating Battery," had many escapes. 
It had become notorious for three counties deep — all 
along the Kentucky border — and Mr. Kercheval him- 
self had been eagerly watched and waited for by rebel 
ruffians. At Uniontown over four hundred of these 
border guerrillas had assembled, and when the boat 
landed made an attempt to mob the crew, but through 
the coolness of Captain Dexter they were saved. The 
leader of this band, as soon as the boat drew along side 
the wharf, boarded her and demanded that the flag, 
that had always floated night and day, should be taken 
down, saying that it was an insult to Kentucky, and 
at the same time threatened summary vengeance unless 
his wish was then and there immediately complied with. 
To this Captain Dexter, squaring upon hisantagonist with 

1st Dist.\ 



an eagle look, replied: "Repeat the shortest prayer 
you know, for if you move 1 '11 kill you." This frus- 
trated the leader, and the boat was permitted to be 
drawn out into the middle of the river before a word 
was spoken or a yell given. At Paducah also the trai- 
tors at one time planned a murderous attack. Their 
cannon were planted and their men armed. The boat 
was also well manned, not only with cannon on the 
fore deck, but with sixty loaded guns. Bayonets were 
fixed, and a hose had a nozzle attached for throwing 
hot water from the boilers. Here as elsewhere Kerche- 
val was the object aimed at. The boat was to land for 
giving and receiving the mail only. It drew up, not 
along side, but touching only at the bow, while the mob 
were standing on the wharf. Every man on the boat 
was at his post. The cannon were pointed and the 
guns loaded, while scalding water was ready for the 
mob of a thousand men, if they attempted to carry out 
the threat they had uttered. It was with some misgiv- 
ings Mr. Kercheval stepped ashore. He was gone for 
a moment, but during that space of time an attempt 
was made. It proved a failure. An old rebel captain 
drew his revolver, and with an oath to clinch his de- 
termination remarked that "they 'd shoot him any way." 
A thousand lives were probably saved here by the timely 
interference of a Mr. Given, a citizen of Paducah, a 
rebel at heart, but wise enough to restrain the captain, 
who remarked that he surely did not want their town 
burned down. In consequence of these outrages the 
rebels were deprived of their mails for some three weeks. 
They soon experienced the inconveniences resulting 
therefrom, and sued for peace. After this all went well. 
In 1864, by request of Judge De Bruler, a leave of ab- 
sence was given Mr. Kercheval for six months, and he 
returned home and assisted in the canvass of Spencer 
County, for the re-election of Mr. Lincoln. He was 
himself a candidate for county treasurer, and was elected. 
The whole Republican ticket was chosen, for the first 
time in the history of the county. In 1S66 he was re- 
elected to the same office, and in 1868 to the Lower 
House of the state Legislature from Spencer County, and 
served during the regular and the called sessions of that 
memorable period when the fifteenth amendment was 
ratified, the Democrats resigning in both sessions to pre- 
vent it. By reference to tlie brevier reports of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of Indiana, for the special session of 1S69, 
we find a prominent incident in Mr. Kercheval's history. 
A bill was prepared by Governor Baker, and introduced 
at his request into the Lower House, petitioning for a 
reformatory institution for the relief of friendless women. 
The bill had excited some considerable opposition, and 
at one time was lost by an overwhelming majority. Mr. 
Kercheval had, with his friends, worked until all efforts 
seemed fruitless; but, being on the alert, saw an oppor- 
tune time and submitted a motion, which was adopted, 

that the speaker invite Mrs. Sarah Smith, manager of 
the Association for the Relief of P'riendless Women, now 
present in the hall, to address the House on this matter, 
and for this purpose she be invited to a place at the 
speaker's table. This heroic woman, availing herself 
of this opportunity to do good, made a well-timed speech 
bearing directly on the point, after which, and before 
all eyes were dried, a vote was taken, which resulted in 
the passage of the bill — yeas sixty-two, nays fourteen. 
And thus, through the influence of a woman speaking 
on a pending bill, a thing unknown before in the history 
of any Legislature, a home for outcast women was obtained 
for Indiana. Mr. Kercheval also became distinguished in 
his debates on the finance question ; not only in the 
Legislature (see speeches in special sessions of 1869, 
Volume XI, pages 131-133), but also in many speeches 
made throughout the First Congressional District in dif- 
ferent canvasses. He has always been a stanch Repub- 
lican, fully indorsing Sherman's financial policy, and has 
ably seconded it throughout his district in his telling 
speeches. He was born a patriot, and has honestly and 
sincerely fought for the great principles of right. In 
1869 he, in company with others, established the Rock- 
port Banking Company, and he himself has been its 
cashier and principal business manager ever since. He 
was a delegate to the Cincinnati convention that nom- 
inated Hayes for the presidency, and has been frequently 
urged by his many friends to run . for offices of trust, 
but has steadily refused. His life has been character- 
ized by many public-spirited acts, and his friends feel 
proud of him as a citizen and as a useful member of so- 
ciety. He has worked himself up from nothing to ease 
and affluence, and has made for himself an enviable rep- 
utation throughout Southern Indiana. 

>AIRD, D. T. , of Rockport was born on the 20th 
"^ of February, 181 6, in the territory of Indiana, 
which was admitted as a state on the nth of 
iCJb December following. Jesse Laird, his father, was 
born in Ireland, emigrated to this country while a 
small boy, in the year 1799, and settled in the state of 
Pennsylvania. In the year 1807, Jesse Laird was married 
to Miss Mary Tharp, a lady of Greene County, Pennsyl- 
vania, of German parentage. In 1813 the young couple 
removed to the county of Dearborn, in the territory of 
Indiana, and settled there ; building a cabin where that 
part of the town of Lawrenceburg called Newton now 
stands. The land at that time frequently overflowed, 
and was very unhealthy, and a few years afterward Mr. 
Jesse Laird moved about three miles further west, to 
Wilson's Creek, where he had entered land, and where 
he continued to live up to the time of his death, in 
1867. His mother died in 1S37. It was in the cabin 



[/i/ Disl. 

above referred to that Mr. Laird was born. His oppor- 
tunities, when young, for obtaining an education were 
limited. His father, like most early settlers, was poor, 
and had a large family, and no means of support except 
his own labor. In 1830, at the age of sixteen, David 
left home and commenced work in the printing-ofiSce 
of the Western S/atesmati, published at Lawrenceburg by 
Milton Gregg; without book knowledge, except that he 
could read and spell. The education that he afterwards 
acquired was obtained by his own efforts, without the 
assistance of schools of any kind, by pursuing his studies 
on Sundays, and in the evenings and mornings before 
he was required to go to work. When about twenty 
years of age, having devoured all the standard histories, 
ancient and modern, within his reach, and studied En- 
glish grammar as well as could be done without a mas- 
ter, he began reading law; the Hon. George H. Dunn 
having kindly given him the use of his library, and ad- 
vice as to the books he should read at the outset. In 
1833 he was employed as assistant engineer in survey- 
ing the Lawrenceburg and Indianapolis Railroad. It 
was almost the first railroad surveyed in the state under 
what was then known as the general internal im- 
provement system. Among his associates were many 
young men who have since acquired distinction and 
eminence, among whom were General Don Carlos Buell, 
Hosea H. Durbin, Henry Ward Beecher, James H. 
Lane, and many others. The distinguished men who yet 
live in his earliest recollection are Hon. John Test, 
James Dill, Hon. Pinckney James, Hon. Abel C. 
Pepper, Governor Noah Noble, General W. H. 
Harrison, Rev. Allen Wiley, Rev. John P. Durbin, and 
Rev. John N. Moffett. On the 8th of August, 1838, 
Mr. Laird was married to Clarissa P. Hayden, of Boone 
County, Kentucky, who is still living. They have six 
children, two boys and four girls, all of whom are 
married. In 1847 Mr. Laird moved from Lawrence- 
burg to Perry County and settled at Troy. At the Sep- 
tember term (1848) of the Perry Circuit Court, held 
then at Rome, the Hon. James Lockhart presiding, he 
made application to be admitted to practice as attornej'- 
at-Iaw, and on the motion of Hon. John A. Breckin- 
ridge, the court appointed that gentlemen, with Hon. 
.Samuel Frisbe and Judge H. G. Barkwell, a com- 
mittee who, after examination, filed in the court their 
certificate of qualification, and he was licen.sed and 
admitted as an attorney-at-Iaw. He began practice 
at the age of thirty-three years. In 1853 he was 
admitted as an attorney in the Supreme Court of the 
state and the Circuit Court of the United States for 
the District of Indiana. In 1857 he removed from 
Troy to Rockport, in Spencer County, where he has 
ever since resided. In politics, to which he has de- 
voted much study and thought, he was a Whig 
until that jiarty ceased to exist, and since 1856 he has 

voted and acted with the Democrats. In 1852 he was 
elected to the ofiice of Representative in the Legisla- 
ture from the county of Perry, and served as such dur- 
ing the session of 1853. In 1856 he was the Fillmore 
elector in the Second Congressional District, and in 
i860 a candidate for the office of Representative of 
Spencer County. General J. C. Veatch was his oppo- 
nent and defeated him by thirteen votes. Shortly after- 
ward General Veatch was appointed colonel of the 25th 
Regiment Indiana Volunteers, creating a vacancy. Mr. 
Laird was again a candidate, and was elected to fill 
out his term. In 1862 Mr. Laird was elected Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas in the Third Common 
Pleas District, composed of the counties of Spencer, 
Perry, Orange, Crawford, and Dubois, and was re- 
elected in 1864 and 1868. In 1870 he resigned the 
office of Judge of Common Pleas, and the same year 
was chosen Judge of the Circuit Court in the Fifteenth 
Judicial Circuit. By an act of the Legislature in 1873, 
abolishing the Court of Common Pleas, redistricting the 
state for judicial purposes, and increasing the number 
of circuits, the Second Judicial Circuit, comprising the 
counties of Warrick, Spencer, Perry, and Crawford, 
was assigned to him, and held until the expiration 
of his term in 1876, since which he has enjoyed a lucra- 
tive practice in the law. Judge Laird is well known 
in Southern Indiana for his high legal attainments, 
his judicial integrity, and the respect which he enjoys 
from the members of the legal fraternity. 

AND, WILLIAM M., attorney and counselor at 
law, of Princeton, Indiana, was born in Gibson 
County, Indiana, August 28, 1827. His father, 
Abraham Land, was a native of South Carolina, 
and his mother of North Carolina. They were married 
in Tennessee, and removed at once to Indiana, where 
they located on a farm. William M. Land received 
but a limited school education, such as was afforded 
by a country school in a newly settled region. When 
he was seventeen years old his father died, and the 
care and cultivation of the farm devolved upon him. 
He also devoted much of his leisure time to study and 
reading. At the age of twenty years, at the breaking 
out of the Mexican War, he volunteered as a private, 
and served during the campaign, a little more than a 
year. He then returned to the farm, which he culti- 
vated during the summer, and taught school for several 
winters. He was subsequently elected a county com- 
missioner for Gibson County, and while holding this 
office devoted his leisure time to the study of law, and 
was admitted to the bar at Princeton, in 1857. He at 
once entered upon the practice of law at that place, in 
which he has ever since been engaged, except when he 

1st Dut.\ 



was upon the bench. In due course of time he ac- 
quired a large and lucrative practice, and has obtained 
an excellent reputation as a lawyer, taking rank among 
the leading members of the bar in Southern Indiana. 
In 1872 he was appointed, by Governor Baker, Judge 
of the Common Pleas Court of the First Common Pleas 
District of Indiana, and held that office, to the eminent 
satisfaction of the bar and the community, until the 
court was abolished, in the following year. He then 
resumed the practice of law at Princeton, in which he is 
still engaged. In politics Mr. Land was, in his early 
years, a Democrat of the old Jackson school, but has 
been an ardent Republican since the organization of 
that party. Judge Land is the oldest practicing lawyer 
in Gibson County, and is called the " father" of the bar. 
Five of the practicing lawyers of Princetcm are graduates 
from his office, and studied the profession under his direc- 
tion. Judge Land has long been an earnest and active 
worker and advocate in the temperance cause, and has 
been prominently identified with every organization and 
movement in behalf of temperance that has come 
within his reach. He is also an active worker in the 
Sabbath-school, and is superintendent of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church school at Princeton. He was married, 
November 14, 1S50, to Miss Sarah E. Harmon, of 
I'osey County, Indiana, and has six children born of this 

— —moi-o — 

flllLLER, LEWIS J., of Boonville, president of 
T I I the Boonville National Bank, was borii in Hart 
C' /.^ Township, Warrick County, August 18, 1834. 
\^=-it' His father, David Miller, was born in 1810, in 
Virginia. When quite young his parents removed to 
Kentucky. There he remained until early manhood, 
and then located in Warrick County, Indiana, and mar- 
ried Miss Nancy Bloyd. He was one of the early set- 
tlers of the county. Being very poor, and in an unde- 
veloped country, they had many struggles with poverty 
to keep themselves fed and clothed. His wife's father 
had lived near Boonville from the first, there not being 
at that time a house nearer than fifteen miles north, 
Avith Indian paths taking the place of roadways. Flour 
was scarce, and corn-meal was made a substitute. For 
a while it was prepared by beating the shelled corn in 
a mortar, but later this primitive mode was abandoned, 
•when Mr. Bloyd became the owner of a horse mill. He 
afterwards attached a cotton-gin, which became of gen- 
eral service to the people, who had to manufacture their 
own clothing. Neither were there any school buildings 
or places for religious worship. Mr. Bloyd also dug the 
first public well in Boonville. David Miller, when 
married, located on public lands, and had of tjiis world's 
goods, fifty cents in money, one horse, one yoke of 
oxen, an ax, and a plow. At the age of fourteen 

Lewis Miller, the immediate subject of this memoir, 
was permitted to attend school for the first time a few 
months in the winter. When twenty years of age he 
hired out as a farm hand for six months, and received 
thirteen dollars for a month's wages. For two years he 
was employed as a salesman in a dry-goods store at 
Lynnville, Indiana, receiving a salary of one hundred 
and fifty dollars, in addition to his board. He was mar- 
ried, in 1S5S, to Martha C. Hart, daughter of Colonel 
Hart, of Hart Township. In 1S59 he bought a piece 
of land, and farmed until 1863, when he again removed 
to Lynnville, acting as executor of his uncle's estate, 
and in charge of the store. In 1867 he was elected county 
treasurer, and served five years. In 1872, in company 
with some others, he established the Boonville Banking 
Company, and was made cashier of the bank. This 
was an experiment, as it was the first bank established 
in the county, but it proved successful, and the company 
continued in business until 1874, when it was changed 
to a national bank, and Mr. Miller was made its presi- 
dent. Since that time his efforts have been confined to 
banking. Mr. Miller is of medium height, well propor- 
tioned, has a pleasing address, and is a very clever, 
affable gentleman. He stands well in the community in 
which he resides, and is spoken of as one of the lead- 
ing representative citizens. He has been a member of 
the school board for three years, and treasurer of the 
board during that time, and has labored zealously for 
the cause of education. Such, in brief, is the history 
of a man who has been the architect of his own for- 
tunes, who has elevated himself from obscurity, and 
ranks now as one of the leading men of the county. 

ARLETT, JOHN J., treasurer of the city of Ev- 
ansville, was born in that city June 14, 1841. 
He was the fifth child in a family of nine chil- 
y dren. His father, John Jesse Marlett, was a 
native of New Jersey, subsequently removing to Brooke 
County, Virginia, and thence to Athens, Ohio, where he 
was married to Martha Jane Starr. In the year 1837 he 
came to Evansville, Indiana, and was one of its early 
settlers. He engaged in mercantile pursuits, which he 
followed up to within a few weeks of his death. 
Through his own exertions and indomitable perseverance 
he accumulated a fair competence, and died respected 
and beloved by all who knew him. The Starr family are 
numerous in this country, and are descended from Doc- 
tor Comfort Starr, of Ashford, county of Kent, England. 
This is a county noted in English history for its many 
important battles and stirring events. Dr. Starr was evi- 
dently a gentleman of considerable wealth and distinc- 
tion. In a work entitled "A Histoiy of the Starr Fam- 
ily," compiled by B. P. Starr, we find that there are 



[ 1st Dist. 

six thousand seven hundred and sixty-six descendants of 
Doctor Comfort Starr, and the record and history of sev- 
enteen hundred and ninety-four families. From the 
same vi^ork we copy the follovi'ing article of interest: 

"Comfort Starr, of Ashford, chirurgeon, three chil- 
dren, and three servants, embarked themselves in the 
good ship called the 'Hercules,' of Sandwich, of the 
burthen of two hundred tons, John Witherly master; 
and therein transported from Sandwich to the plantation 
called New England, in America, with the certificates 
from the ministers where they last dwelt of the conver- 
sation and conformity to the orders and discipline of the 
Church, and that they had taken the oath of allegiance 
and supremacy. Certificates signed. 

" Edm. Hayes, Vicar of Ashford. 

"John Honeywood, \ t t- 

"Thomas Godfrey, ^J"^"^^- 
"Dated March 11, 1634-5." 

Doctor Comfort Starr died at Boston, Massachusetts, 
January 2, 1659-60. His wife, Elizabeth, died June 25, 
1658. Captain George .Starr, the maternal great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, was prominent in 
the affairs of Church and state. He occupied the posi- 
tion of warden and vestryman in the Episcopal Church 
for thirteen years, and was selectman and auditor of the 
town, and during the Revolution held the position of 
state quartermaster. For his services the state of Con- 
necticut made him a large grant of land in Athens 
County, Ohio, dated January 28, 1820. John J. Marlett 
was educated in the public schools of his birthplace, 
and chose for his occupation a calling followed by his 
father for many years, and with great distinction — the 
dry-goods business. This engaged his attention for twelve 
years, and then he embarked as a real estate dealer and 
agent. This he faithfully followed until 1877, when he 
was appointed real estate appraiser. Two years later he 
was elected to the position of city treasurer. This office 
he filled with so much credit and distinction that the 
year following he was again a nominee, and was elected 
by an increased majority. He was one of the two can- 
didates that were elected on the Republican ticket. 
The bond that is required of Mr. Marlett, as city treas- 
urer, is six hundred thousand dollars, being the largest 
in the state excepting that of state Treasurer. As an 
officer his ambition has been, by earnest thought and 
untiring industry, to accomplish all within his power. 
Mr. Marlett is five feet ten inches in height, and 
weighs about one hundred and seventy pounds. He 
has a fair complexion, brown hair, and a keen eye. 
His head is large and well developed, and his chest 
broad. In politics he is a strong Republican, and was 
in 1880 elected a delegate to the state convention, 
which convened at Indianapolis the I7tli of June, 1880. 
He was married, January 8, 1873, to Miss Anna M., 
daughter of J. G. Bartlett, a native of New Hampshire, 
and one of the early and successful business men of 
South Bend, Indiana, to which place he removed at a 

very early day. Three children blessed the union of 
this estimable couple, but one only, a daughter, sur- 
vives. In disposition Mr. Marlett is gentlemanly and 
amiable, thus winning friends, and by his sincerity of 
behavior continuing to hold them. He has sound busi- 
ness qualifications and decision of character, and while 
yet in his prime takes position among the first business 
men of Evansville. 

ASON, JUDGE CHARLES H., attorney-at-law, 
Cannelton, Perry County, was born at Walpole, 
Cheshire County, New Hampshire, August 9, 
V'^'^ 1S27. He is the son of Joseph (and Harriet) Ma- 
son, a farmer, and is descended from an old, honored, 
and numerous family, who settled there in the early 
history of the country. Many of its members were in 
the Revolutionary War. After receiving a common 
school education he attended the literary and scientific 
institution at Hancock, New Hampshire, on leaving 
which, at the age of twenty, he for a while was private 
tutor in a family near Louisville, Kentucky. He after- 
ward read law with Hamilton Smith, of Louisville, and 
was there admitted to the bar in 1849. Almost imme- 
diately he removed to Cannelton, on the founding and 
settling of that town, where he established a newspaper, 
the Cannelton Economist, the first one published in the 
county ; it was begun in 1849, and at the same time he 
commenced the practice of law. In two and a half 
years his professional business had increased so much as 
to require his whole time and attention, which necessi- 
tated his relinquishing the publication of the paper; at 
the same time he was agent of the Cannel Coal Com- 
pany. He is a man who has always been an active 
worker in the interests of his town and county, and 
has served several years in the capacities of township 
trustee, treasurer, president of the town council, school 
examiner, etc. In 1S61 he was commissioned by Gov- 
ernor Morton as colonel of the 5th Regiment of the Border 
Legion, of which he organized some fourteen companies, 
and rendered most efficient and able service. Later in 
the year, however, he was appointed by the Governor 
Judge of the Common Pleas of the Third District of the 
state of Indiana, and a resignation of the military com- 
mand was necessitated. In 1S70 he again, under Gov- 
ernor Baker, received the appointment as Judge. He 
was also commissioned by Governor Baker as one of the 
five members of the "Ohio River Improvement Com- 
mission." He has taken an active part in all projects 
looking to railroad connection and facilities, but so far 
without any effect. He has received several nominations 
for prominent public offices, but although running 
ahead of hjs ticket has not been elected, owing to the 
fact of his being a Republican in an extremely Demo- 
cratic district. In 1S72 he again entered the editorial 

I St Dist.l 



field, taking charge of the Cannelton Reporter, his 
brother's paper, at his death, and changing its politics. 
A most able writer, he is a regular contributor to some 
of the best journals of the day. Among his political 
contributions there was one in the Indianapolis Sentinel, 
of November 20, 1879, on the subject and danger of 
centralization, which called forth the strongest applause, 
and an urgent request from seventeen of the leading 
public men of Indiana for a republication, which was 
granted, it being probably one of the ablest, if not the 
ablest, article ever written on the subject, and one which 
has subsequently been frequently quoted in debates in 
the House. It is strong, able, clear, and to the point. 
The Judge is a man who stands high in the estimation 
not only of his own party and fellow townsmen but of 
the state at large and both political parlies. In religious 
views he is liberal. In politics he is a Republican, though 
independent. He was married, in 1852, to Mrs. Ra- 
chael L. Wright, a most estimable widow lady, daugh- 
ter of J. B. Huckeby, one of the first settlers of Perry 
County, now postmaster at Cannelton. He possesses a 
fine physique, is commanding in presence, and is an 
amiable, learned, and courteous gentleman. 

Evansville, attorney and counselor at law and 
register in bankruptcy, was born in South Berlin, 
i'^^-^ New York, September 23, 1832, and is the son 
of Allen J. and Lucy Mattison. His grandfather, Allen 
Mattison, was a Rhode Island Quaker, who joined the 
Revolutionary army in 1775, under General Nathan- 
iel Greene, and fought at the battle of Bunker Hill. 
In consequence of his taking up arms, and thus vio- 
lating one of the strong principles of their faith, he was 
dismissed from the society of Friends. Some time 
after the close of the Revolutionary War, he removed 
with his family to South Berlin, Rensselaer County, New 
York, where he resided until his death, at the age of 
eiglity-four years. Hamilton A. Mattison was reared 
upon a farm, and his early instruction was received in a 
common country school about three months in a year. 
His ambition as a boy was to obtain a good education, 
and, at the age of nineteen years, he left his father's 
home and entered the New York Conference Seminary, 
at Chailotteville, New York, at which there were from 
seven to eight hundred students. There he carried on his 
studies, while at the same time he earned by his own 
labor as assistant teacher the means necessary to sup- 
port himself and pay for his tuition. After a thorough 
preparatory course, he entered the sophomore class of 
Union College, from which, under the presidency of the 
distinguished educator Doctor Eliphalet Nott, he grad- 
uated in i860. From the fall of that year until the 
A— 4 

summer of 1862 he was principal of the Bacon Semi- 
nary at Woodstown, New Jersey, which was under the 
charge of the society of Friends. In July, 1862, dur- 
ing the progress of the Civil War, after President Lincoln 
had issued his proclamation calling for three hundred 
thousand more troops to put down the rebellion, Mr. 
Mattison, convinced that it was his duty to respond to 
the call, enlisted, and raised a company of recruits, 
which became part of the 12th New Jersey Regiment. 
Before leaving the state he was commissioned second 
lieutenant, and received successive promotrons as first 
lieutenant, captain, and major. After about a year's 
service he became a member of the staff of General 
Alexander Hayes, commanding the Third Division of 
the Second Army Corps, who was killed in the battle 
of the Wilderness. He was then transferred to the staff 
of General Nelson A. Miles, vv'ith whom he served, 
while able to do duty, until the close of the war. He 
was actively engaged in about twenty-five battles, re- 
ceived three wounds at Chancellorsville — from one of 
which he has never entirely recovered — was wounded 
twice afterwards, and had his horse shot under him at 
the battle of the Wilderness, at which time he was made 
a prisoner of war. He was taken before and introduced 
to the rebel chieftain. General Lee, on the battle-field, 
and held a conversation with him. Here began a chap- 
ter of hardships in the life of Major Mattison such as 
can be realized only by men who have been obliged to 
undergo similar sufferings in Southern prison-pens. He 
was first taken to Lynchburg, Virginia, and confined in 
an old hotel ; thence to Macon, Georgia, and there con- 
fined and almost starved to death from the latter part of 
May until about the first of July, when he was taken to 
Savannah, Georgia. He was one of fifty Federal offi- 
cers taken from this place by the rebel authorities 
and placed under the fire of the Federal guns while 
they were shelling the city of Charleston from Folly 
Island. After remaining here for several weeks, he, 
with others, was taken to Columbia, South Carolina, 
and put in a pen exposed to all kinds of weather with- 
out shelter of any kind, and fed only on coarse corn- 
meal and sorghum. The sufferings here endured by 
these prisoners can more easily be imagined than de- 
scribed, and, after remaining there from September until 
the 28th of November, Major Mattison, in company 
with a fellow prisoner. Rev. John Schamahorn, now 
pastor of the Ingle Street Methodist Episcopal Church, 
of Evansville, made his escape. The two left Colum- 
bia without money or food, and with a scanty sup- 
ply of clothing took to the woods, and started out 
to meet General Sherman's army, which they believed 
to be coming to Augusta, Georgia. They traveled 
across the state of South Carolina, being obliged to 
to walk by night and conceal themselves in the woods 
and swamps during the day. Reaching the Savannah 



[ 1st Disl. 

River a short distance below Augusta, they took pos- 
session of a small boat, and ran the gauntlet of rebel 
guards and steamers until they reached the lines of 
General Sherman's army at Savannah, which city had 
been captured since they had escaped. They had trav- 
eled nearly fifteen hundred miles through a rebel coun- 
try, and were nearly prostrated with fatigue. General 
Sherman ordered Major Mattison to report to the Army 
of the Potomac as soon as he was able to return to duty. 
After visiting his home in New York he rejoined the 
Army of the Potomac about the 1st of March, 1865, 
and took part in all the battles in which that army was 
engaged until the surrender of Lee, some six weeks 
after. He was mustered out of service at the close of 
the war, and soon after entered the Albany law school, 
from which he graduated and received the degree 
of LL. B. in 1866. The same year he married the 
daughter of Hon. Marinus Fairchild, of Salem, New 
York, a distinguished member of the bar, of large legal 
attainments, ex-Judge of the Surrogate Court, and at 
present district attorney for Washington County, New 
York. He began the practice of law at Salem, New 
York, in partnership with his father-in-law. In Febru- 
ary, 1868, he removed to Evansville, Indiana, and in 
the following fall took an active part in the political 
campaign, advocating the election of General Grant for 
President of the United States. In 1870 he was ap- 
pointed county attorney, but resigned this ofhce in the 
following year for the purpose of accepting the appoint- 
ment by the Governor to the office of prosecuting attor- 
ney of Vanderburg Criminal Circuit Court, to fill a 
vacancy. In the fall of 1872 he was elected by the 
people to the same office for a term of two years. In 
1876 he was appointed, by United States Chief Justice 
Waite, register in bankruptcy, which office he now 
holds. Ever since his residence in Evansville, Major 
Mattison has taken an active part in city, county, and 
state politics, and has served for four years as chairman 
of the Republican executive committee of the county 
and city. He attended the National Republican Con- 
vention of 1876 as an alternate delegate at large from 
the state. Major Mattison became a member of the 
Masonic Fraternity at Troy, New York, in 1865; has 
been Master of Reed Lodge, No. 316, of Evansville, 
and has held the offices of junior warden, senior war- 
tleii, and is at present E. C. of Lavalette Command- 
ery of Knights Templar, No. 15. He joined Trinity 
Methodist Episcopal Church soon after moving to Evans- 
ville, and has been an active member of both Church 
and Sunday-school. His wife having died in 1873, he 
was married again February 7, 1878, to Miss Henrietta 
M. Bennett, of Evansville, formerly of Brooklyn, New 
York. He has one daughter, now eight years old, 
the fruit of his first marriage. Major Mattison bears 
Ihe reputation of being one of the leading lawyers of 

Evansville. He has been eminently successful since he 
took up his residence in that city, and in all the offices 
he has held he has performed his duties in a praise- 
worthy manner. He is a genial, kind-hearted, and court- 
eous gentleman, and is esteemed as a man of honor 
and strict integrity in all business matters. 

ceased, of Boonville, was born October 16, 1804, 
in Steuben County, New York. His parents were 
Oliver and Agnes Matthewson, who were both 
large, healthy, and robust persons, and lived to be very old. 
The father died at the age of eighty-two, of apoplexy, 
very suddenly ; the mother, whose maiden name was 
Clark, of heart disease, aged about seventy-five years. 
She was the descendant of a highly intellectual family, 
and was herself a lady of very superior intellect, and it 
is thought by the relatives that the subject of this 
sketch is indebted to her for most of that ability which 
he displayed through his career from boyhood to old 
age. The family moved from their home in New York 
in 1817 to the town of Princeton, Gibson County, In- 
diana, where they located, and where the father and 
mother ever after lived, and where they both died and 
lie buried. Young Reuben was thirteen years old at 
this time, and had been sent to school but little. He 
very early in life displayed a fondness for books and 
music, to which he ever clung with great tenacity, 
although the father wished him to be a carpenter, the 
trade which he himself followed. About this time 
young Reuben was sent to school to Doctor Ira Bost- 
wick, a gentleman of very excellent scholastic attain- 
ments and polished manners. Teacher and pupil soon 
became warmly attached to each other, and this relation 
was never broken until the death of Dr. Bostwick, many 
years after the manhood of the pupil. At a later period 
in life he received tuition in Princeton from William 
Chittenden, a gentleman of very high literary attain- 
ments, and in this school he may be said to have grad- 
uated, for he never attended afterwards. He was now 
about twenty years old, diffident, quiet, and very re- 
served ; evincing a marked passion for books, and reading 
much in solitude. He expressed to his father a desire 
to read medicine, but Mr. Matthewson tried to discour- 
age him, telling him that he did not possess the capacity 
or scholarship to engage in such high notions. He was, 
however, permitted to enter the office of Doctor Charles 
Fullerlon, a practicing physician in Princeton of more 
than ordinary reading for that time and place. Doctor 
Fullerton was also a fine musician, and teacher of both 
vocal and instrumental music, and here the student of 
medicine spent some of his leisure time in learning 
melodies and harmonics which were of great use to him 


isl Disl.] 



early in life. He nlso studied the languages, particu- 
larly Latin, French, and German, and was a regular sub- 
scriber and reader of a German newspaper for many 
years. He was licensed to practice medicine at the age 
of twenty-two, and at once located in Boonville, where 
he began his rounds in the healing art. He was married 
to Miss Lorinda Baldwin, of Boonville, on February 
l6, 1828. Miss Baldwin was a young lady of good 
family, a native of the state of New York, and 
possessed many attractive charms both of mind and 
person. She died August 19, i860, a little more than 
forty-eight years old, after a long and lingering disease, 
greatly lamented by all her numerous friends and rela- 
tives. In some business speculation in 1832 or 1833 Doc- 
tor Matthewson became much involved financially. He, 
therefore, gave up his practice in Boonville and went to 
Bardstown, Kentucky, where he was made professor of 
music in the college in that place. He filled the chair 
with entire satisfaction for several years, and then re- 
turned to his own home and the practice of his pro- 
fession, having made enough in the time by his knowl- 
edge of music to pay off all his liabilities and start him 
anew. He was always a hard student of medicine, as 
his books of reference evince by their many marginal 
notes. He was a very skillful, successful, and conse- 
quently a very popular physician. In his diagnosis and 
prognosis of diseases he excelled most practitioners, 
hence to his opinion was given great weight in critical 
and doubtful cases. He was never a graduate in medi- 
cine, but attended a partial course of lectures in the 
Ohio Medical College, of Cincinnati ; yet he knew more 
about the real and scientific principles and details of the 
medical sciences than very many of the medical pro- 
fessors and teachers in the medical colleges of this day. 
He confined himself closely to his profession, with the 
exception of the time he was engaged in teaching music 
in the Bardstown college, for nearly fifty years. His 
children were five in number, three sons and two 
daughters; two of the sons died in 1847, before they 
were grown; this was his first great trouble, and after 
this he was never known to laugh so heartily as before. 
His remaining son, Charles Clark Matthewson, is a 
bachelor, nearly forty years old, and a most excellent 
and worthy gentleman. He resides at the old home- 
stead, in Boonville ; is a druggist, and is succeeding well 
in his business. Isabella Helen, the second child and 
eldest daughter, was married in April, 1850, to Doctor 
W. G. Ralston. (See sketch.) Lucy Maria, the other 
daughter and youngest child, a very beautiful and 
fascinating young lady and the favorite of her father, 
was married to John Brackenridge, in April, 1876, and 
died in June of the same year, just two months after her 
marriage. Doctor Matthewson was a prudent and suc- 
cessful business man and acquired considerable property, 
and was always regarded as honest and upright. He 

was for many years skeptical in religious matters, but 
later in life he often said that his former notions had 
undergone a change, and that he now entertained the 
hope and belief that the soul was immortal and would 
live in the future. He was entertaining in conversation, 
having read almost every thing that he considered worthy 
of perusal, making him an acquisition in the social 
circle. His physical appearance was full and erect; his 
complexion was florid; he had full, sparkling hazel 
eyes, and red hair when young, which became almost 
white before his death ; his weight was about one hun- 
dred and sixty pounds, and his height five feet ten 
inches. In politics he was an old Whig, and afterwards 
a Republican, but was never a candidate for political 
favor. He filled the office of postmaster in Boonville 
for four years, from 184I to 1845. He died June 22, 
1876, of a brief illness, supposed to be heart disease; 
but had been in a feeble state of health for several 
years, which was doubtless a gradual softening of the 
brain. A large number of his friends and the excellent 
Sax-horn Band, to which he had belonged for many 
years, attended his funeral. He was buried in Maple 
Grove Cemetery, near the town of Boonville. 

jVlrGORE, JUDGE ISAAC S., of Boonville, a promi- 
4i ill nent lawyer of that place, was born May 24, 
E^3 1831, in Warrick County, Indiana. His father, 
ijty Joel W. B. Moore, emigrated from near Geneva, 
New York, to Spencer County, Indiana, in 1827, and 
two years later removed to Warrick County, where, in 
1831, at the age of thirty years, he was elected Probate 
Judge, in which capacity he served three years. After- 
wards he filled the office of county clerk for fourteen 
years. In 1856 he was elected Common Pleas Judge. 
On the breaking out of the Rebellion, though burdened 
with his threescore years, he enlisted as a private in the 
1st Indiana Cavalry, commanded by Governor Baker, 
and remained in the service about a year. In all the 
positions he held he was noted for his zealous regard 
for the rights of the people, and for the energy and 
fidelity with which all public duties were discharged. 
For more than fifty years he was an active and earnest 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He died 
October 6, 1876. His friends remember him as a kind, 
agreeable old gentleman. Such was the father of our 
subject. His mother was Orra Shelby, a relative of 
Governor Shelby, of Kentucky, who was a brother 
of General James Shelby, of Revolutionary fame. She 
was born in 1808, in Clark County, Kentucky. At an 
early day her father moved to Warrick County, Indiana. 
Among his goods and chattels were some twenty-five 
slaves. In 1816 Indiana was made a free state, and 
slave-holders generally shipped their negroes back to 


\isl Disl. 

Kentucky, but Mr. Shelby provided for his under the 
apprentice laws, and set them free. At the age of 
twelve years Isaac was employed in the county clerk's 
office. It proved to be an excellent school for the lad. 
Here he acquired the ready use of the pen so indis- 
pensable to the lawyer, and in this place he also found 
a field for the practice of his inborn courtesy and good- 
fellowship. His educational opportunities were some- 
what limited, but he was able to attend one year at As- 
bury University. He found in his father an excellent 
instructor, and this, with the public schools and his 
habit of constant reading, fully compensated for the 
loss of the full collegiate course. After quitting the 
clerk's office he pursued his legal studies with General 
Hovey at Evansville, Indiana, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1853, after having passed a searching exami- 
nation. Nearly two years prior to his admission he mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Hudson, daughter of the county 
sheriff. In 1854 he was elected prosecuting attorney. 
He served a year and then relinquished the honor and 
the duties, and moved to Jasper, in Dubois County. He 
could not forget his old home, and in a year or two 
came back to it. In politics he was a Douglas Demo- 
crat, but the war made him a stanch Republican. Two 
of his brothers — Tanner, a farmer, and James, a 
young lawyer — were among the earliest volunteers. 
Both were killed in battle — one at Dallas, and the other 
at Hatchie Landing. Isaac himself was in the service 
in 1864. His practice and his fame steadily grew to- 
gether. In 1868 he was nominated for Common Pleas 
Judge. The district was intensely Democratic, and 
there was no hope for his election. He was defeated 
by only a small majority, however. In 1870 he was 
again a candidate, and again suffered defeat, but 
the vote given demonstrated his popularity. He 
carried his own county by a majority of more than 
two hundred, at a time when the ordinary Demo- 
cratic majority was about five hundred; and, though 
the other four counties in the circuit were largely Dem- 
ocratic, his opponent was elected by only seventy-two 
majority. In 1876 he was chosen by the state conven- 
tion one of the electors at large. Two years later, in 
1878, he was the candidate for Secretary of State. Indi- 
ana is a state much given to political somersaults, and 
1878 proved to be the year when she fell Democratic. 
So it will be seen that the Judge has been rather unlucky 
in his political contests. He takes defeat, however, like 
some old Greek philosopher. Indeed, there is nothing 
of the modern-school politician about him. He loathes 
all trickery and chicanery, and would prefer defeat a 
thousand times to success by dishonorable means. As 
a lawyer Judge Moore has been eminently successful. 
For a number of years there has scarcely been an im- 
portant case in the county in which he was not retained. 
His briefs in the Supreme Court are masterpieces of 

logic. He gives to a case the most faithful and earnest 
work, going about it in a manner that makes one feel 
there is no such word as fail. Before a jury he speaks 
generally in a conversational tone that at once enlists 
the attention. His arrangement and presentation of the 
facts of his case to the jury are almost marvelous. Of 
some fifteen murder trials in which he has been retained 
he has been unsuccessful in two only. He takes pride in 
being entirely unrepresented in the penitentiary. A 
m.nn with a better heart in him than Judge Moore can 
be found nowhere. Poverty and want never applied at 
his door in vain. None were ever turned away empty. 
One of the finest traits in his character is his kindness to 
young men, to whom he is always ready to lend a helping 
hand. His stanchest friends are among the young men. 
He has had many students in his office. To all, his time, 
his counsel, and his books were free. He would hear 
them recite and explain the lessons for hours at a time, 
with patience and gentleness. Wherever he is known 
he is honored. He enjoys the highest respect of the 
bar of the state. His agreeable manners and his apti- 
tude for telling a good story render him an acquisition 
to any circle. He has always been a close student. He 
devours every tiling that comes in his way in the shape 
of reading. His room is littered with books and papers. 
At night he generally reads himself to sleep. Since the 
death of his wife, which happened about two years 
since, he has lived very secluded. He rarely comes 
down in town unless business absolutely compels him. 
His working up of cases and writing of pleadings is 
done chiefly at home. His partners, Robert D. O. 
Moore, a younger brother, and Edward Gough, attend 
to the office business. He has four children, all boys, 
the youngest attending school and the others engaged in 
business. Judge Moore is now in the prime of life. If 
he were but moved by ambition there is no telling to 
what eminent positions he might not rise. His friends 
all consider him too modest and diffident, and all will 
acknowledge these to be very unu.sual qualities for a 
public man. 

ESTER, JOHN, of Boonville, Warrick County, 
was born in Fussgornheim, Germany, on the Rhine, 
Bavaria, November 3, 1837. His father being 
^S only a well-to-do mechanic, and his mother having 
died when he was quite young, seemed to necessitate 
the lad's staying at home to work, instead of going to 
school. His educational opportunities — unlike those of 
his father, which consisted of seven years' schooling 
and military instructions, after the manner of the Ger- 
manic tuition laws — were confined to two weeks' instruc- 
tion at a night school after he had come to this coun- 
try. In 1851 John and his father came to this country, 
being followed in a few years by the other children. 

I si Di'sL] 



He finally made his way to Troy, Perry County, Indi- 
ana, where he worked on a farm for a time at four dol- 
lars a month, and afterwards for a few months in a 
brick-yard. He then learned the trade of harness-making, 
an employment which he followed for ten years. In 
1859 he married Magdalena Hochalter, of Newburg, In- 
diana. After this event he engaged in the grocery 
and harness-making business in Newburg, until 1870, 
when he was elected auditor of Warrick County, serv- 
ing a term of four years, and being afterwards re-elected. 
The first time he received a Democratic majority of one 
hundred and seventeen votes; the second time, thirteen 
hundred and fifteen. In 1878 he received in the Demo- 
cratic state convention a solid vote from the First Con- 
gressional District for auditor of state; other counties 
likewise voted for him, but he finally withdrew in favor 
of General Manson. Mr. Nester is a kind-hearted, 
agreeable man, much respected by every one. He has a 
family of four children. 

fEWCOMB, DWIGHT, president of the Indiana 
Cotton Mills, Cannelton, Perry County, was born 
4,^^ at Bernardston, Franklin County, Massachusetts, 
C^s December I, 1830. His parents were Dalton and 
Harriet Newcomb. His father was a farmer, and he 
was brought up on his father's farm, receiving his edu- 
cation in the common schools of Franklin County. His 
ancestors were English. He wrought in his younger 
days as a machinist, but in 1841 he removed to Louis- 
ville, where for five years he was a clerk in his broth- 
er's store. Then he engaged in steamboating between 
Louisville and New Orleans for some five years, when 
he finally settled at Cannelton as agent of the Indiana 
Cotton Mills, which had been built some little time pre- 
vious. He acted in the capacity of agent for the mill 
for five years, and in 1856 engaged in the coal business, 
continuing his manufacturing connection at the same 
time, but subsequently severing it. It was again re- 
newed on the death of his brother, II. D. Newcomb, in 
1876, and he was elected to the same position which 
had been held by his brother — that of president. The 
present company was formed in 1853, taking the place 
of an old one known as the Cannelton Cotton Mills. 
Mr. Newcomb is a man who has never sought and 
would not accept public or political office. In politics 
he is a Democrat, having joined their ranks from the 
old Whig party. A man full of tact, energy, and en- 
terprise, he is widely known and respected. From the 
Western Grocer and Trade Journal of July 6, 1878, we 
take the following: "No one can overestimate the value 
of this magnificent, well-arranged, and abundantly sup- 
plied emporium of manufacture. The whole man is in- 
formed and elevated; his reason, his taste, his thinking 

powers are all ministered to, and not even the stupidest 
rustic could spend a day in this hive of industry with- 
out leaving the building a new and wiser man. 
This concern was established in 1853, and since that 
time has built up a trade which penetrates Cincinnati, 
Louisville, Chicago, and St. Louis. The building is a 
handsome sandstone three-story one, measuring sixty- 
seven by two hundred and eighty-seven feet, and is 
in every way well adapted to the purpose for which it 
is used, and is provided with all the latest improved 
machinery. The capacity per day of this mammoth 
enterprise is eighteen thousand yards, and they use 
each year forty-two hundred bales of cotton. In these 
works three hundred hands may be seen at all times, 
busily engaged in running looms, spindles, etc., present- 
ing, to say the least, a perfect hive of industry. This 
establishment runs ten thousand eight hundred spindles 
and three hundred and seventy-two looms. Mr. D. 
Newcomb, the president, and Mr. E. Wilbur, the su- 
perintendent, have spared neither labor, money, nor 
time to make these works complete in every respect. 
This is the leading cotton mill in the Western country. 
The goods made at these works are of the best material, 
and the concern is known far and near for its honora- 
ble and fair dealing." 

WEN, RICHARD, the youngest son of Robert 
Owen, the philanthropist, was born at Braxfield 
House, near New Lanark, Scotland, January 6, 
iSlo. He was educated chiefly at Hofwyl, Switz- 
erland, and subsequently attended courses of lectures 
in Glasgow, delivered by Dr. Andrew Ure, author of 
the "Chemical Dictionary." He emigrated to the 
United States, reaching, when about eighteen years of 
age. New Harmony, the scene of his father's social ex- 
periments. Here he farmed until the Mexican War 
broke out, when he obtained a captain's commission in 
the l6th United States Infantry, one of the ten new regi- 
ments, and served until the close of the war, being first 
under General Z. Taylor, and subsequently under com- 
mand of General Wool. Returning in the fall of 1849, 
he became assistant to his brother, Doctor D. D. Owen, 
in his survey of the north-west territories, under 
the general government, and, in company with Doctor 
I. G. Norwood, examined the north shore of Lake Su- 
perior. Some of the maps and many of the wood-cuts 
in his brother's quarto report of those regions are from 
his sketches. On invitation of Colonel Thornton F. 
Johnson, of Kentucky, who carried on the Western 
Military Institute, first at Georgetown, and later at Blue 
Lick, Richard Owen was invited to take the chair of 
natural science and chemistry, at first with the rank of 
major (the commissions being issued by the governor 



\^jst Dist. 

of the state), and later, at the death of Colonel T. F. 
Johnson, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, as com- 
mandant, while Colonel B. R. Johnson, a graduate of 
West Point, was superintendent. These two assumed 
the whole financial responsibility of the institute, and, 
on the typhoid fever breaking out at Drennon Springs 
(to which place Colonel T. F. Johnson removed from 
Blue Lick), they transferred the whole institution to 
Nashville, Tennessee, where it became the literary de- 
partment of the Nashville University. While here Pro- 
fessor Owen, after taking the necessary course of study 
at the medical college, received the degree of M. D., and 
also published a work entitled " Key to the Geology of 
the Globe," of which the North American Review says, 
at page 275 of the July (1857) number: "Unity of 
plan and uniformity of causes are the germinal idea 
of his system. . . . The aim of the entire work is 
in the direction in which alone truth is to be sought." 
A copy of the work being sent to the great scientist 
Alexander von Humboldt, he replied in an autograph 
letter, accepting many of the generalizations; and Pro- 
fessor Dana, in his "Manual of Geology," admits that 
Doctor Owen, in the above work, was the first to point 
out the coincidence of continental outlines with great 
circles which form secondaries to the ecliptic, and hence 
point to solar influence as remotely the chief cause of 
land dynamics. In 1858, Professor Owen, foreseeing the 
threatened rupture between the North and South, sold 
out his claims in the institute to Colonel B. R. Johnson, 
the superintendent, who subsequently became General 
Johnson, of the Confederate army. Professor Owen, on 
reaching Indiana, was immediately made assistant state 
geologist, and, later, state geologist, of Indiana, conduct- 
ing surveys during the year 1859 and part of i860, and 
embodying the results in a large octavo volume. On 
the breaking out of the late war, Doctor Owen was com- 
missioned by the late Governor O. P. Morton to a lieu- 
tenant-colonelcy in the I5tli Indiana Volunteers, and 
participated in the battles of Rich Mountain and Green- 
brier, West Virginia. He was then promoted, and 
directed to form a new regiment, the 60th Indiana Vol- 
unteers. During its formation he organized, and com- 
manded for four months, a camp of about four thousand 
prisoners, in Camp Morton, Indianapolis, and was com- 
]jlimented by a telegram from Secretary Stanton, saying 
his was the best regulated of all the Federal camps of 
prisoners. Colonel Owen, with his regiment, in which 
his two sons were officers, was now sent to Kentucky, 
and was subsequently, when ordered to the relief of the 
garrison at Mumfordsville, captured by General Bragg's 
army. Soon after, however, an exchange of prisoners 
having taken place, the 60th was assigned to the Fourth 
Division of the Fifteenth Army Corps, in the Army of 
Tennessee, as it was first called ; and at the taking 
of Arkansas Post, under Generals Sherman and Mc- 

Clernand, Colonel Owen's regiment lost heavily, and 
many were killed or wounded on each side of him, 
within a few feet. His regiment was at General Grant's 
siege of Vicksburg until its surrender, then with 
General Sherman at the capture of Jackson, Missis- 
sippi. Subsequently, the 60th was ordered to join the 
forces of General Banks in the Red River campaign, 
and Colonel Owen, placed in command of a brigade, 
lost heavily in killed and wounded at the battle of 
Carrion-crow Bayou. About the close of the Red River 
campaign, an offer of the professorship of natural sci- 
ence in the Indiana State University was made to Doctor 
Owen, who thereupon tendered his resignation as colonel, 
to take effect at the close of the campaign. This en- 
abled him to reach Bloomington, Indiana, the seat of 
the university, on the first day of January, 1864, after 
more than two years and a half of service in the Fed- 
eral army. His connection with this college lasted 
nearly sixteen years, as he only recently retired to New 
Harmony, with the intention of pursuing the original 
researches commenced at Bloomington. These consisted 
chiefly in demonstrating, by means of the galvanome- 
ter, the existence of thermo-electrical currents in the 
earth's crust, chiefly bearing from east to west, and in 
our north hemisphere from south to north, as high as 
latitude seventy degrees or thereby. He also constructed 
an electrical globe to demonstrate and explain the dec- 
lination and inclination of the compass. Papers con- 
nected with these subjects, and with terrestrial magnet- 
ism as bearing on the dynamics of geology, were read by 
Doctor Owen at several meetings of the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Science, and were also 
published in various periodicals, as the Scientific A?iieri- 
caii. Polytechnic Reviciv, Transactions of Academy of Sci- 
ences, at St. Louis, Valley Naturalist, and Indianapolis 
AnWyf ournal. The account of some researches on the fly- 
ing weevil, made while on his farm, will be found in the 
Albany (New York) Cultivator, of 1846; and a series of 
letters on Education were furnished to the South-western 
Sentinel, in Evansville, Indiana, in 1840; later articles 
on Education and Agriculture appeared in the Indiana 
School Journal, Indiana Farmer, Yale College Courant, 
Reports of the Department of Agriculture, at Washington, 
Tennessee Farmer, etc., besides papers on the Rain- 
fall, the Preservation of Timber, the Cause of Indian 
Summer, and other subjects connected with physical 
geography, published in various Western periodicals; 
also a series of letters from Europe, the Holy Land, 
and Egypt, partly in the New York Tribune, but chiefly 
in the Evansville Journal. Many public lectures on 
scientific subjects were at various times delivered by in- 
vitation, chiefly in Tennessee and Indiana. In 1S72 
Doctor Owen was elected president of the Indiana Slate 
Agricultural College (Purdue University); but, as two 
years afterwards it was still unorganized, and his labors 

1st DisL] 



at Bloomington had been continued, with the additional 
offer of the curatorship of the new museum there (con- 
sisting mainly of eighty-five thousand specimens purchased 
from the estate of his late brother), Doctor Owen de- 
cided to remain, and tendered his resignation as president 
of Purdue. Wabash College conferred on Doctor Owen 
the degree of LL. D., and Louisiana also made him 
lionorary member of her scientific association. In 
1874 he served as Grand Master, Independent Order of 
Odd-fellows, of Indiana, and in 1875 was delegate to 
the Grand Lodge of the United States, which met that 
year at Indianapolis. Doctor Owen married, in 1S37, 
the fifth daughter of Professor Joseph Neef (formerly 
an associate of Pestalozzi, and invited to this country 
for the purpose of introducing that educator's system); 
and three children, a daughter and two sons, were born 
to them. The former died, but the two latter are mar- 
ried, and reside in New Harmony. Professor Owen is 
the only surviving member of the immediate family 
of Robert Owen. 

mWEN, DAVID DALE, M. D., of New Harmony, 
y'/ Indiana, a prominent geologist, was born in Brax- 
field House, near New Lanark, Scotland, June 24, 
1S07, and died in New Harmony, Indiana, Novem- 
ber 13, i860. He was the third son of Robert Owen — 
the second son, William, dying earlier — and brother of 
Robert Dale Owen. He was educated with his young- 
est brother. Professor Richard Owen, M. D., LL. D., at 
Hofwyl, Switzerland, and in 1826 accompanied his father 
to the settlement established by the latter in New Har- 
mony, Indiana. He subsequently returned to Europe, 
where he spent two years in studying geology and 
chemistry, as well as improving himself in painting, for 
which he had great taste, and in 1833 took up his per- 
manent residence in the United States. In 1835 ^^^ 
received the degree of M. D. from the Ohio Medical 
College, and two years later was employed by the Leg- 
islature of Indiana to make a geological reconnoissance 
of the state, the results of which were published in a 
small work, of which a reprint appeared in 1859. He 
subsequently, under instructions from the United States 
general land-office at Washington, made a minute ex- 
amination of the mineral lands of Iowa ; and in 1848, 
having spent the interval chiefly in scientific study, he 
was employed by the government to conduct the geo- 
logical survey of Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota. The 
result of his three years' labor in this extensive field 
was in 1852 published by Congress, in a quarto volume, 
embracing over six hundred pages, accompanied by nu- 
merous maps and illustrations executed in the highest 
style of art. During the next five years, from 1852 to 
1857, he conducted the survey of the state of Kentucky, 
three volumes relating to which, with maps and illustra- 

tions, have been published ; the fourth was sent to press 
a few weeks before his death. In 1857 he was appointed 
state geologist of Arkansas, and in the succeeding year 
the report of his survey was published in one octavo 
volume. The preparation of a companion volume was 
about completed at his death, and was issued by his 
younger brother and administrator. Doctor Richard 
Owen, shortly after the death of Doctor David D. Owen. 
He also conducted various important examinations for 
private individuals and corporations. He was an inde- 
fatigable and enthusiastic laborer in his peculiar walk, 
and his death was hastened by the exposure incidental 
to camp life in the miasmatic regions last surveyed by him. 
He had just finished arranging a large private museum 
and laboratory at his home in New Harmony, which was 
said to be one of the most complete in the country. 
His collection of specimens in geology, mineralogy, and 
natural history, which formed his museum, is said to 
have equaled, if not surpassed, any in the Union; and 
this, after his death, was purchased by the state of 
Indiana for the State University, and is now at Bloom- 
ington, rearranged and labeled under the direction of 
his brother. Professor Richard Owen. During his life 
David Dale Owen made a great reputation as a geologist 
and scientist, being famous in scientific circles of Eu- 
rope, as well as in America. Just previous to his death, 
in i860, he was regarded as the most eminent geologist 
in America. His labors have been of incalculable ben- 
efit for the several states in which they were performed, 
and the volumes containing the result of his geological 
surveys have been looked upon as most valuable addi- 
tions to the literature of natural science of America. 
He was an incessant worker, both while in the field and 
in the laboratory, and was constantly at work from early 
morning till late at night. He has probably accom- 
plished as much for geology in this country as any one 
man. He married Caroline, fourth daughter of Joseph 
Neef, of New Harmony, himself a celebrated educator, 
who had been an associate of Pestalozzi, and who, soon 
after his arrival in the United States, published two 
works on education. David Dale Owen had two sons 
and two daughters, all of whom are now living. The 
oldest son, Alfred Dale Owen, served as an officer in 
the Federal army durinj; the late Civil War, the latter 
part of it as colonel of the i8th Indiana Volunteers. 

jQiWEN, ROBERT, an English social reformer, for- 
tJJ merly a resident of New Harmony, Indiana, was 
■jU born in Newtown, Montgomeryshire, England, in 
oiy 1771, and died there November 19, 1858. Al- 
though the son of poor parents, he received a respect- 
able education. He entered upon commercial pursuits, 
and when fourteen years old procured a situation in 



\_ist Dist. 

London, where he soon recommended himself by his 
talents for business. At the age of eighteen years he 
became partner in a cotton mill, and subsequently re- 
moved to the Chorlton Mills, near Mancliester. Pros- 
pering in this undertaking, he married, in iSoi, the 
daughter of David Dale, a Glasgow manufacturer, and 
afterward assumed charge of a large cotton factory in 
New Lanark, Scotland, belonging to his father-in-law. 
Here he introduced a system of reform which proved 
for a time highly successful. He then turned his atten- 
tion to more extensive social evils, and published, in 
1812, "New Views of Society; or. Essays upon the 
Formation of Human Character ;" and subsequently a 
"Book of the New Moral World," in which he main- 
tained a theory of modified communism, insisting on an 
absolute equality in all rights and duties, and the abo- 
lition of all superiority, even that of capital and intelli- 
gence. By the aid of his immense fortune he was 
enabled to distribute a large number of tracts develop- 
ing his peculiar views, and soon had every-where numer- 
ous followers; but, attacked on all sides, and particu- 
larly by the religious press, he set out in 1823, after the 
death of his patron, the Duke of Kent, for the United 
States, where he determined to found at his own cost 
a communist society ; and with this view he bought 
from George Rapp the settlement of New Harmony, 
Indiana, on the banks of the Wabash, embracing thirty 
thousand acres, and dwellings for two thousand persons. 
The scheme, however, proved an utter failure, and in 
1827 he returned to England, where experiments of a 
similar nature, attended by similar results, were made 
at Orbiston, in Lanarkshire, and at Tytherly, in Hamp- 
shire. He succeeded no better in establishing a "labor 
exchange " in London, in connection with a bazaar and 
bank. In 1828 he went to Mexico, on the invitation 
of the government, to carry out his experiment there, 
but effected nothing. His ill success, however, neither 
weakened his confidence nor lessened his activity, and 
during the remainder of his life he constantly appeared 
before the public as a lecturer and journalist. His 
ideas are most clearly developed in his " Lectures on a 
New State of Society," " Essays on the Formation of 
Human Character," and "Outlines of the Rational Sys- 
tem;" and especially in his principal work, "The Book 
of the New Moral World," in which he came forward 
as the founder of a system of religion and society ac- 
cording to reason. Me and his followers, the so-called 
Owenites, became, in 1827, the soul of the labor leagues, 
out of which sprang the Chartist movement. During 
his last years he was a believer in spiritualism, and 
])ublished several conversations held with Benjamin 
Franklin, and other persons. He was one of the 'first 
to found infant schools, and through him they were in- 
troduced into England, and from there to the other coun- 
tries of the globe. 

fWEN, ROBERT DALE, New Harmony, author 
and statesman, eldest son of Robert Owen, whose 
sketch is given elsewhere, was born in Glasgow, 
Scotland, in 1801. He was educated with a 
younger brother, William, at Hofwyl, Switzerland, and 
about 1825 accompanied his father to America, when 
the latter bought out the Rapp Harmonists, and began 
to establish his community at New Harmony, Indiana. 
Robert Dale Owen went to the latter place and there 
began the New Harmony Gazette, a weekly literary 
and socialistic paper, devoted to the interests of the 
new community, and published it about two years. 'He 
then removed to New York City, and for four or five 
years was editor and publisher of the New York Free 
Enquirer, a weekly literary journal. At New York he 
married Mary Jane Robinson, and, after having made a 
trip to Europe, removed to New Harmony, Indiana, 
about the year 1833, and made that his future home. 
He entered the arena of politics, and was elected on 
the Democratic ticket as a Representative to the state 
Legislature for two or three terms. He was twice 
elected as a Representative to Congress for the First 
Congressional District of Indiana, holding his seat in 
Congress from 1843 to 1847. I'' Congress he took a 
leading part in settling the north-western boundary dis- 
pute, and in 1845 introduced a bill organizing the 
Smithsonian Institute. He was a member of the In- 
diana state constitutional convention of 1850, which 
framed the present Constitution of the state, and was 
chairman of the revision committee. He was the author 
of several important measures which were embodied in 
the Constitution; notably one to secure to married women 
independent rights of property. As a testimonial to his 
services in this respect, he was presented by the women 
of Indiana with an elegant and massive silver pitcher. 
In 1S53 he was appointed by President Buchanan as 
United States Charge d' Affaires, and afterwards Minister 
to Naples, which office he held until 1858, when he re- 
turned to this country. He took a prominent part in 
the organization of the Smithsonian Institute, at 
Washington, District of Columbia, and was one of its 
first regents. Upon the breaking out of the Civil War, 
in 1861, casting aside political preferences, he gave his 
entire influence towards the suppression of the Rebellion. 
He was commissioned by Governor Morton, of Indiana, 
to purchase a large supply of arms for that state, which 
commission he faithfully executed. He encouraged, 
both by public addresses and contributions to the pul> 
lic journals, the enlistment of troops for the Union 
armies, and was a firm friend to President Lincoln and 
his cabinet, to whom he freely communicated his opinion 
on matters of state policy. He urged upon Mr. Lincoln 
in the early part of the war the necessity of emancipa- 
tion, and (hew up the form of an emancipation procla- 
mation, which he submitted to President Lincoln, the 

1st Disl.] 




main features of which the latter embodied in his 
famous proclamation declaring freedom to slaves in in- 
surrectionary states. Mr. Lincoln is reported to have 
said that it was the letters received from, and the argu- 
ments presented by, Mr. Owen that induced him to issue 
the proclamation. He was appointed a member of a 
committee of three to devise means for the amelioration 
of the colored population, released from slavery at the 
close of the war, the result of these labors being the 
establishment of the Freedmen's Bureau. After the 
close of the war, Mr. Owen devoted himself mostly to 
literary pursuits, and was a frequent contributor to the 
magazines and journals of the day. He is the author 
of a number of works, among which may be mentioned 
"New Views of Society," " Hints on Public Architec- 
ture," with one hundred and thirteen illustrations, pub- 
lished by the Smithsonian Institute; "Footfalls on the 
Boundaries of Another World ;" also a drama, "Pocahon- 
tas," and minor works, besides a serial, entitled "Beyond 
the Breakers;" and "Threading my Way," an autobiogra- 
phy, bringing the events of his life up to his twenty-sev- 
enth year; "The Debatable Land between This World 
and the Next." The first third of this, addressed to the 
Protestant clergy, he considered the best of liis writings. 
His first wife having died, he some years afterwards mar- 
ried Miss Lottie W. Kellogg, of Lake George, New York, 
where he died June 24, 1877, and where his remains now 
rest. By his first wife he left two sons and one daughter. 
His oldest son was a lieutenant-colonel of the 1st Indi- 
ana Cavalry during the late war; the youngest son prac- 
tices law. 

"^AeARSE, MILTON W., attorney-at-Iaw, of Mount 
■1:.T\ Vernon, was born in Friendship, Alleghany 

Rhode Island, and several members of his grandfather's 
family were soldiers in the Revolutionary War. Milton 
W. Pearse was raised on a farm, received an academic 
education, and at the age of nineteen years started for 
the West. He went to Mount Vernon in i860, where he 
was engaged in teaching school for about four years. 
In April, 1864, at the call of the President for volun- 
teers for one hundred days, he enlisted, and spent three 
months in the military service. He subsequently studied 
law in Mount Vernon, and was admitted to the bar in 
1866. He entered at once upon the practice of his pro- 
fession, in which he has ever since been successfully en- 
gaged. In 1868 he was elected prosecuting attorney for 
the judicial circuit comprising Posey, Gibson, Vander- 
burg, and Warrick Counties, and held the office for two 
years, declining a nomination for re-election. He is a 
Democrat in politics, has taken an active part in every 
political campaign since the year i860, and is now chair- 

- *^ County, New York, July 4, 1841. His ances- 
tors were among the early settlers of Bristol, 

man of the Democratic county committee for Posey 
County, which position he has held for several years. 
He was married, in 1865, to Miss Mary Nettleton, of 
Mount Vernon. 

— »-<»»•< — 


■^ily^ERIGO, EZEKIEL, of Boonville, one of the old 
■H.- settlers of Warrick County, was born there on the 
(^J7 6th of August, 1802. His father came from Mary- 
CQ' land, and was born in that state during the strife 
with Great Britain. He had at an early day moved to 
Kentucky, at a time when Indians were troublesome, 
and when panthers and other wild beasts were there to 
molest them. At eighteen years of age he moved to 
Ohio County, Kentucky, and when twenty-one years of 
age married Miss Hinnian. This was in 1800. In 1S02 
Ezekiel was born, and when he was sixteen years of age 
his father moved to Warrick County, Indiana. His 
mother was a woman of nerve, and could handle a gun 
and shoot a wild-cat as well as a man. She died by a 
stroke of palsy in 1822. Shortly afterwards Ezekiel 
was married to Miss Hudson, a consistent member of 
the Methodist Church, who lived to the good, ripe age 
of ■ seventy-three years. His father died about 1830. 
Mr. Perigo has identified himself with the people of 
Warrick County in many public ways. His early ad- 
vantages in instruction were limited to a few days in 
each winter for two or three years only. He obtained 
the most of his education himself after he was married, 
by pursuing a regular and systematic course of study. 
This proved of great practical use to him afterwards. 
He began life in farming, and continued in that busi- 
ness until fifty-four years of age, when he went into a 
mill for eighteen months, from this into a saddle and 
harness shop, and thence to selling dry-goods. He 
finally retired to his farm, where he still lives, and will 
spend the remainder of his days. He began in mercan- 
tile business in 1856, and suspended it in 1872. He 
had one son, who was killed in the war, at Atlanta, 
Georgia. Mr. Perigo is a stanch Union man, and did 
much to assist in the war by helping to feed and clothe 
soldiers' families, and otherwise encouraging in the 
work of fighting our battles. He has been most of his 
life a public man, and the county has imposed upon him 
onerous duties. The first office held was that of consta- 
ble, in which he served two terms. He was also com- 
missioner of the county seminary for six years, and then 
for a while collector of taxes. In this he was required 
to ride through the county on horseback and make per- 
sonal collections. He was very successful. He remem- 
bers of paying himself off one time after the year's work 
was done, and of counting out the silver by throwing it 
into one of Jackson's "old-fashioned tin-cups," that held 
about three pints, completely filling it. This was his 
salary for the year's work, and consisted of about two 



\ist Disl. 

hundred dollars. He has been for a long time commis- 
sioner of the Warrick County swamp lands. He has 
been treasurer of the township four years, trustee four 
years, and served as administrator in settling up forty- 
five estates, and commissioner in partition in closing up 
forty other estates. He has been a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church for fifty-two years. His 
wife died the 27th of June, 1878, and he now lives 
with a granddaughter. Mr. Perigo has been a useful 
member of society all through his long life, and is spoken 
of by his neighbors as a man of sterling worth, strictly 
honorable and upright in all his dealings. 

Sj[P|OSEY, FRANCIS BLACKBURN, attorney-at-law, 
nK" Petersburg, Pike County, one of the most success- 
^lyl ful lawyers and prominent politicians of the dis- 
t(t trict, was born April 28, 1848, at Petersburg. His 
parents were John W. and Sarah B. Posey. His father, 
a large farmer, was among the earliest settlers of the 
county, and gave his son a thorough and complete 
education. After learning all that was taught at the 
common schools he went to Asbury University, and was 
there from 1864 to 1867 inclusive. Young Posey needed 
no incentive to study ; it was his nature. He seemed 
to have formed an early determination to excel, and 
excel he did, carrying with him all through his life that 
same spirit. Although comparatively young, he is a 
leader of men, a ready and efficient speaker, with a 
clear, firm voice. Logical and plain in his arguments, 
he carries conviction to his hearers. The writer has 
heard him in a speech, during the past campaign, 
hold his audience almost spell-bound, riveting their 
attention and eliciting their applause. He is a fine 
specimen of a man. He is robust and in the enjoyment 
of full health. He is about six feet high, portly, with 
a frank and open countenance, and has such an appear- 
ance as indicates honor, integrity, honesty of purpose, 
and determination. In politics he is a Republican, 
standing in the foremost rank in the county, and is an 
ardent and zealous worker, who acts from strong con- 
victions. In 1869 he graduated at tlie state law school, 
and entered upon the practice of his chosen profession 
at Petersburg. In 1873 he removed to Vincennes, but 
in 1875 he returned to his native town, remaining there 
ever since, and enjoying a large and lucrative prac- 
tice. In 1872 he was appointed by Governor Baker 
prosecuting attorney. Being a Republican in an over- 
whelmingly Democratic district, it was only by an 
appointment that an office could be held by him. He is 
exceedingly popular, and as a politician his influence is 
great. Genial, afi"able, and courteous, he enjoys the 
respect and friendship of those who differ from him 

politically. January 17, 1878, he was married to Emma 
Brown, the most estimable daughter of the Hon. Perry 
Brown, of Pike County. 


^BHELPS, ABRAHAM M., of Newburg, was born 
'fj:!»' January 6, 1798, in Hartford, Vermont. His 
^'^ father, who was a soldier under Arnold at West 
CC Point, was born in Northampton, Massachusetts, 
in 1765, and was married to Margaret Hamilton in 1796. 
Their son Abraham endured in youth all the hardships 
incident to our early civilization, and, while he failed 
to receive much of a school education, became well 
grounded in those principles of rectitude that should 
underlie every business career. When nineteen years 
of age he commenced to work for himself, and, by means 
of hard labor at low wages during the summer months, 
was able to attend the Royalton Academy during the 
winter. He struggled on in this way for three succes- 
sive years in his efforts to acquire something of an edu- 
cation. In June, 1820, when twenty-two years of age, 
he started on foot for the far West, traveling thus for 
three or four hundred miles, until he reached Black 
Rock, near Buffalo, New York. There he took a 
steamer, called " VValk-in-the-Water," the first one that 
was built on the western lakes. For about three miles 
the steamer was propelled by four yoke of oxen, that it 
might not be drawn over the falls. After the oxen were 
withdrawn from the boat, its rate of speed did not ex- 
ceed four or five miles an hour, thus making the journey 
to Cleveland a tedious one. From Cleveland he went 
to Franklin, Ohio, where he taught school for nearly 
two years. While there he entered the employ of a 
New Orleans shipper of produce, where he had an op- 
portunity to barter a little in the way of provisions on 
his trip down the river. After that Mr. Phelps oper- 
ated solely on his own account, and engaged in com- 
merce in a small way up and down the Mississippi River, 
his trade being principally between Memphis and Natchez. 
For a time he engaged in trade in Evansville, after 
which he removed to Newburg, where he has since 
resided. June 7, 1827, he was married to Miss Frances 
Johnson, of Evansville, a lady who, by her many acts 
of kindness, has endeared herself to all who know her. 
Mr. Phelps has been so successful as a merchant that 
during the panic of 1837 he was about the only man in 
that section of the country who could buy goods in New 
York. He continued in business until 1865, when he 
retired from mercantile life. He has been a consistent 
member of the Church to which he belongs, the mate- 
rial interests of which he has greatly advanced. He 
built the First Presbyterian Church of Newburg, and 
afterwards, when a new one was built, contributed most 
liberally to its erection. He was also instrumental in 

jst Dist.] 



building the seminary in Newburg, which for a time had 
a most excellent patronage. Mr. Phelps is now reaping 
the fruits of his long career of toil in a life of ease and 

"^^EAVIS, WILLIAM, of Evansville, was born on 
the 27th of August, 1815, in Gibson County, In- 
-^ _^- diana, then a territory, and a comparatively unin- 
•X3d' habited wilderness. His advent to this world 
was made amid the howling of wolves, the growling of 
bears and catamounts, and the screaming of panthers. 
His father, Isham, was born in North Carolina, and his 
mother, whose maiden name was Strickland, was born 
in South Carolina, and in 1813, soon after her marriage, 
moved to Indiana. The country wa.s thinly settled, and 
savages in small squads were still prowling around. 
Bread was scarce, and hominy was oftentimes used as a 
substitute. They had, however, many varieties of 
food, fish, flesh, and fowl, and were always able to pre- 
pare a feast that would have proved savory to a king. 
His father engaged in stock-raising, in which, however, 
he had nothing to do but to keep his cattle gentle with 
salt, and protect them from the ravages of wild beasts. 
For this latter purpose he kept two rifles, one for him- 
self and one for his wife, who knew how to use it. He 
killed three bears in one day, and at another time his 
wife killed a wild-cat that came into the yard for a pig. 
She chased it up into a tall tree and coolly sliot it. 
William was taught early in life how to handle a gun. 
He killed deer before he was fourteen years of age. 
These were his surroundings. He had the grand old 
woods and the open sky for a school-room, but he can 
never recollect when he could not read ; knowledge for 
him had charms, and he thirsted for it as the panting 
hart for the brook. Later, however, he had an occa- 
sional teacher, who could read, write, and cipher, and 
was permitted to go to school about six weeks out of j 
the year. The Old-school Baptist ministers were numer- 
ous among the settlers, and they often held worship 
from house to house, as they had no church building. 
When he was ten years of age his father died, leav- 
ing the duties of the farm and the care of the house- 
hold to devolve largely upon him. He thus gained 
much experience that became useful in after life. His 
constant passion was for books, more literature. Every 
odd moment was thus utilized. His mother gave him 
his liberty when he was twenty years of age, and, in 
addition, a horse, bridle, and saddle. These he dis- 
posed of and went immediately to school. In his four 
months' tuition he gained a knowledge of the principles 
of grammar which has aided him materially many 
times since then in the tongue battles he has waged so 
unmercifully on political heretics. Before he was 
twenty years of age he had taught two schools. These 

were in the days of Eggleston's Hoosier Schoolmaster, 
and he thinks that picture not overdrawn. Lie was 
married on the 12th of December, 1836, to Miss Eleanor 
C. Burton, by whom he had eight children. In 1839 
he was baptized in the general Baptist Church. In the 
year 1846 he was elected treasurer of his native county. 
The records on file in Indianapolis show that he had the 
least delinquent list in proportion to taxables of any 
treasurer in the state the first year. In 1849 ^^ "'^^ urged 
to run for the position again, and was elected by a 
largely increased majority. He held his office for six 
consecutive years. During his second term the famous 
school law, taxing the property of every citizen ad va- 
lorevi, was passed by the Indiana Legislature. Mr. 
Reavis strongly advocated this enactment, but it was op- 
posed in his county as unconstitutional by lawyers, and 
even by Judge Hall, one of his bondsmen, the latter re- 
fusing to stand longer on his bond if he attempted to 
collect the tax; but Mr. Reavis, knowing his duty, col- 
lected it from Judge Hall, threatening to levy on his 
favorite horse and buggy in case he refused to pay 
it. Judge Hall paid it, but he withdrew his name 
from the paper, whereupon Mr. Reavis gave another, 
representing the largest amount of wealth of any 
bond ever given in the county, and the schools 
were opened amid general rejoicings. In 1852, with- 
out any solicitation on his part, he was nominated 
for Congress by the Whig party, but was defeated, 
although he ran ahead of his ticket. Shortly after 
this time his wife died. He was still exercising the 
functions of a Baptist minister, when, getting into a 
difficulty with a couple of men, he gave them a sound 
thrashing. He then offered to surrender his credentials 
to the Church, which being refused and his short-com- 
ings forgiven, he continued to preach. In 1858 he mar- 
ried again, this time Mrs. Damon, widow of the late 
Volney Damon, Esq., of Vanderburg County, Indiana. 
In 1859 he removed to Benton, Franklin County, Illi- 
nois, where he engaged in the practice of law. Here 
he was intimately associated with Hon. John A. Logan, 
then a citizen of that place. Mr. Reavis had, while at 
Benton, written articles to the Benton Standard, and, 
although a Democratic paper, his contributions had per- 
suaded it into the Union line. He also wrote for the 
Hamilton Sucker, another Democratic journal, and im- 
bued that newspaper also with Union principles. A 
large majority of the people were, notwithstanding, for 
the Confederacy, only eight votes in the county having 
been cast for Abraham Lincoln in i860. Rebellion was 
rife in this section. The editor's life was threatened, 
and he was obliged to discontinue his paper. "Union 
men were forbidden, by bold, intrepid rebels, to make 
recruiting speeches, under penalty of death ; and conse- 
quently old politicians, when called upon, refused to ap- 
pear. At one time the people of Southern Illinois raised 



\i5t Dist. 

a company for the South, and many isolated individuals 
actually entered in its service. Mr. Reavis then opened 
a correspondence vi^ith General Grant regarding the situ- 
ation, which resulted in the latter's sending a company 
of men to that place to quell disturbances. Under 
these circumstances Mr. Reavis went forth to make 
speeches and recruits for the 6th Cavalry and 40th Illi- 
nois Infantry. Those were the days that tried men's souls, 
but he had the love of his country in his heart, and 
forgot all else in the many dangers he passed through. 
Often was he assaulted, and attempts were even made 
to assassinate him. He claimed no credit for loving his 
country, he simply could not help it. He was taught it 
between his father's knees, and he drew it from his 
mother's breast, while the songs concerning the victory 
of Perry on the lakes, and of Jackson at New Orleans, 
sung by his mother as a lullaby, were recollections that 
buoyed him up in the face of all danger. At McLeans- 
boro, Illinois, some bold rebels threatened to kill any 
man who should attempt to make a recruiting speech 
at that place. Captain Scott, of the 40th Illinois, was 
there with a few soldiers. A few hundred men gathered 
about him, and so intimidated them that they feared to 
go into the court-house. Mr. Reavis came upon the 
ground, assumed command, at once ordered the doors 
unlocked, and marched the men in and mounted the 
platform. Taking Stephen A. Douglas's dying words 
for his text, he assumed the ground that there were but two 
parties, patriots and traitors, and boldly discussed the 
issues of the day. Thus, day after day, he spoke for 
his country; and it is safe to say he did more recruiting 
for the 40th Illinois Infantry and the 6th Cavalry Vol- 
unteers than any other one man, encountering more 
dangers in this work than he did while in actual service. 
He assisted in recruiting the 56th Illinois Infantry, being 
a captain in Company G of that regiment, and with it he 
participated in the siege of Corinth, Mississippi, when 
Beauregard evacuated the place, and was also at the bat- 
tle of Corinth, on October 3 and 4, 1862. When the 
battle began he was sick in camp quarters, with a sur- 
geon's certificate of disability, but longed to be on the 
field; and, when the news was received that the troops 
were surrounded by General Price, with a force of two 
to one, he sprang from his couch, aroused his sick com- 
rades, thirty-eight of whom followed him to the front. 
There he headed his own company, and by his words of 
cheer and encouragement gained for them a victory. In 
acknowledgment of his services, a portion of his regi- 
ment held a meeting, and passed and signed a preamble 
and resolutions, the concluding portion of which reads: 

"Resohrd, That for his courai,'e on the battle-field 
of Corinth, Mississippi, on the 3d and 4th of October, 
1862, in leaving his sick-quarters and rallying thirty- 
eight convalescents to the scene, heading his company, 
fighting all through that ever-memorable battle, and 

cheering us on to victory both by words and actions, 
he deserves to be held in everlasting remembrance by a 
grateful people and country." 

After his resignation he removed to Evansville and 
engaged in the government claim business. He was ap- 
pointed by Chief Justice Chase register in bankruptcy, 
and held that office for four years. Mr. Reavis is 
above the medium height, has a strong and well propor- 
tioned physique, and has an unusual amount of vitality 
and energy. He is characteristically positive, reads men 
readily, and, with his impulsive nature, always acts 
promptly. He has an excellent command of language, is 
a forcible partisan, and an -eloquent statesman. In what- 
ever employment Mr. Reavis has been engaged or posi- 
tion he has occupied, either civil or military, he has 
acquitted himself honorably, creditably, and to the sat- 
isfaction of the people. 

'^j^^APP, GEORGE, the founder of New Harmony, 
'vi]\ Indiana, and of the Society of Harmonists, was 
QeJA born in October, 1757, at Iptingen, in Wiirtem- 
■jOcJ berg. He was the son of a small farmer and vine- 
dresser, received a moderate common school education, 
and upon leaving school assisted his father on the farm, 
working as a weaver during the winter months. Rapp 
from his early years was fond of reading, and, his sup- 
ply of books not being plentiful, he became a student of 
the Bible, and began to compare the condition of the 
people he lived among with the social order described in 
the New Testament. He became dissatisfied, especially 
with the lifeless condition of the Churches; and in the 
year 17S7, when he was thirty years old, he began to 
preach in his own house on Sundays to a small congre- 
gation of people, whom he evidently found to hold the 
same opinions as himself. The clergy resented this in- 
terference with their office, and persecuted Rapp and 
his adherents, who were fined and imprisoned. This 
had a tendency to increase the number of his followers, 
and in the course of six years he had gathered about 
him not less than three hundred families. He had la- 
bored upon his farm so industriously that he had accu- 
mulated some property, and in 1803 his adherents de- 
termined upon emigrating in a body to America, where 
they were sure of freedom to worship God after their 
own desires. In 1783 Rapp had married a farmer's 
daughter, who bore him a son, John, and a daughter, Ro- 
sina. In 1803, accompanied by his son John and two 
other persons, he sailed for Baltimore, and, after look- 
ing about in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Ohio, they 
purchased five thousand acres of wild land about 
twenty-five miles north of Pittsburgh as a place of set- 
tlement. In the summer of 1804 six hundred of Rapp's 
people, under the supervision of Frederick (Reichart) 

1st Dist.'\ 



Rapp, an adopted son of George Rapp, arrived in this 
country. There were among them a few of moderately 
good education, and some who had considerable prop- 
erty for emigrants in those days. All were thrifty and 
few were destitute. Rapp met them upon their ar- 
rival, and settled them in different parts of Maryland 
and Pennsylvania, while he took a number of the ablest 
mechanics and laborers to proceed to the destined place 
of settlement to prepare habitations for the remainder. 
In 1805" they removed to the settlement and organized 
themselves into the Harmony Society, agreeing to place 
all their possessions in a common fund, adopt a uniform 
style of dress, keep all things in common, and labor for 
the good of the whole body. By a further addition in 
the spring of that year, the community embraced one 
hundred and fifty families, or about seven hundred and 
fifty men, women, and children. The community pros- 
pered with great rapidity, and in 1807, amid a deep 
religious fervor which pervaded the society, they adopted 
as a new article of their creed a resolution to forever 
after refrain from marriage. A certain number of the 
young people, feeling no desire for a celibate life, with- 
drew from the society ; but the great majority, how- 
ever, remained, and faithfully ceased from conjugal 
relations. At the same time they agreed to cease using 
tobacco in every form. The site in Pennsylvania not 
being a desirable one, the society in 1814 determined to 
remove to Posey County, Indiana, where they purchased 
a tract of thirty thousand acres of land. Thither one 
hundred persons proceeded, in Jitne, 1814, to prepare a 
place for the rest, and by the summer of 1815 the whole 
colony was in its new home, now known by the name 
of New Harmony. Here they erected large factories, 
mills, and dwelling-houses, many of them very substan- 
tially built of brick, most of which are still standing. 
In 1817 one hundred and thirty persons came over at 
one time from Wiirtemberg and joined them, and they 
received at various times other accessions, so that 
while at New Harmony they numbered some seven 
or eight hundred. The Harmonists appear to have 
been under the complete control and direction of their 
leader, Rapp, whom they believed to be led by a sort 
of inspiration from God, and who appears to have 
guided his people wisely. He was a man of robust 
frame and sound health, with great perseverance, enter- 
prise, executive ability, and remarkable common sense, 
a man who was seldom if ever idle, as indomitable 
worker, and a hard student and reader. He remained 
with his followers at New Harmony but ten years, 
when, the Harmonists having suffered severely from the 
malarial fevers of that locality and from unpleasant 
neighbors, they sold out their thirty thousand acres of 
land, with all improvements, including about one hun- 
dred and twenty buildings, to Robert Owen, of Scot- 
land, for one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. They 

then bought property at Economy, Pennsylvania, and 
removed to this their final home in the summer of 1825. 
With their habits of industry, they gradually acquired 
large wealth, which is still retained by the few adherents 
to the society. Rapp continued his control over the 
Harmonists, which in his old age became almost abso- 
lute, and died in 1847, at the age of ninety years. 

^PEINHARD, GEO. L., attorney-at-law, Rockport, 
ll:% Spencer County, was born in Bavaria, Germany, 
V.-fC J^^y 5' '^3' where he attended the primary 
T3cJ schools until the age of fourteen, thereby receiv- 
ing the groundwork of a very liberal education. He 
then at that early age emigrated to the United States, in 
the year 1857, and remained for a time in Cincinnati, 
Ohio. During 1858-59 he attended school at Cincinnati, 
and at the same time was employed in working at the 
spoke and wheel manufactory of his uncle, who was a 
large and wealthy manufacturer there. In i860 he re- 
moved to Union County, Indiana, where he attended 
public school and labored hard for a livelihood. The 
war breaking out, he determined to defend the old flag, 
enlisting as a private in Company I, l6th Indiana Vol- 
unteers, under Captain (afterward general) T. W. Ben- 
nett. His company was subsequently transferred to the 
15th Regiment, and he served until the expiration of 
his term, three years and four months, engaging in the 
battles of Greenbrier, Perryville, Pittsburgh Landing, 
Stone River, and many others. At the battle of Stone 
River he had his gun shot from his shoulder and shat- 
tered into fragments by a cannon ball. He was never 
either wounded or taken prisoner, but came home very 
much broken down in health. After his discharge 
he determined to pursue his studies still further, and 
to obtain as good an education as his circumstances 
would permit. From 1S64 to 1868 he attended a 
high school at Cincinnati, and Miami University, at 
Oxford, Ohio. During part of this time he taught 
school, and also a German class among the students, 
and clerked in a dry-goods store, in order to acquire 
means to prosecute his studies. Later he gave instruc- 
tion at Owensboro, Kentucky. He had thoroughly 
studied Greek, Latin, mathematics, the sciences, and 
the German and English languages, making rapid pi-o- 
gress in his acquirements in all. Early in 1868 he 
commenced the study of law, and in September, 1869, 
was admitted to practice at Owensboro, Kentucky, after 
passing a successful examination before Judge G. W. 
Williams. In the winter of 1870 he removed to, and 
settled in, Rockport, Indiana. He succeeded at once 
in establishing a good practice, and has been most 
remarkably successful. He is now recognized, not only 
as one of the leading attorneys of the bar, but also 



{ist nisi. 

as one of the ablest and most popular lawyers of South- 
'ern Indiana. His success is due to his indomitable 
pluck, perseverance, and native talent. He had to un- 
dergo many privations and hardships in early life, but 
he started with a determination which was not easily 
discomfited by obstacles. He has fought his way to the 
front, and to-day as a reward he occupies a high posi- 
tion. He always endeavors to discharge his official and 
professional duties with honesty and fidelity. In 1S76 
he was elected to the office of prosecuting attorney of 
the Second Judicial Circuit, by a majority of twelve hun- 
dred. In 1878 he was re-elected without opposition. 
He is the author of " Reinhard's Indiana Criminal Law," 
a work that reflects the greatest credit on its author. It 
was written during his first term of office, and is a work 
to which his brethren at the bar and the bench and 
critics have testified in the most flattering terms. Hon. 
W. E. Niblack, Judge of the Supreme Court, said: "I 
take great pleasure in saying that I am very much 
pleased with its general scope and arrangement, and 
have no doubt that it will prove to be not only a valua- 
ble contribution to the legal literature of the state, but 
of great assistance lo those engaged in the administration 
of our criminal laws." Hon. R. S. Hicks, of Rockport, 
said: "It is one of the best digests of Indiana criminal 
law ever put before the public." John B. Elam, prose- 
cuting attorney of Marion Criminal Circuit Court, said : 
"To prosecuting attorneys it is invaluable." Hon. J. B. 
Handy said : "I keep it by me while on the bench. It 
is a good, convenient, and useful book. Every Justice 
of the Peace in the state ought to have a copy." Hon. 
Benjamin Harrison said: "I am satisfied that this book 
is one which will meet with general favor." The Evans- 
ville Joui~nal remarked : 

"Mr. Reinhard has done his work thoroughly and 
conscientiously, and he is to be congratulated upon hav- 
ing given the profession an accurate and useful book." 

Many other favorable comments might be given. In 
politics he is a Democrat, though formerly a Republican. 
He is very conscientious in his convictions and acts by 
thera. He speaks English and German with equal flu- 
ency, and frequently addresses audiences in both lan- 
guages. He married, in the fall of 1869, Mary E. Wilson, 
a most estimable young lady, daughter of a Kentucky 
farmer of good family. They have two children living, 
a boy of ten and a little girl of three. They have also 
lost two little girls. June 12, 1880, he was nominated as 
Circuit Judge, but, owing to a decision of the Supreme 
Court, the election is postponed two years. Mr. Rein- 
hard is about five feet ten inches in height, has dark hair 
and eyes, a full, smooth face, large head, broad, intel- 
lectual forehead, and weighs about two hundred pounds. 
His voice is full, clear, and round. As a speaker, he 
is strong, convincing, logical, and terse, rather than 
eloquent, though at times, when he warms up in debate, 

he rises to the highest pitch. He possesses good social 
qualities, is highly successful in his business career, and 
stands in the front rank of his profession. He is hon- 
ored, admired, and respected, and enjoys the confidence 
of the community. He is a well read and courteous 

OBERTS, JUDGE GAINS, of Newburg, one of 
the original settlers of Warrick County, Indiana, 
was born May 13, 1793, in Asheville, Buncombe 
County, N. C. He was married to Catherine Upp, 
of Henderson County, Ky., January 2, 1817, who died 
June 23, 1854. Nine children were the result of this 
union, of whom only one is now living. In November, 
1855, the Judge married Mrs. Susan Morris, of Lima, 
New York, who died in the fall of 1862. It was at an 
early date in the history of Warrick County that Judge 
Roberts and his wife removed from Kentucky to the 
vicinity of Newburg, and located on an uncultivated 
tract of land. So eager were the young couple to taste 
the adventures of pioneer life that they took up their 
abode in their new log-cabin before it was completed, 
and on the £rst night enjoyed the novelty of having a 
blanket of snow for a bed-covering. This cool recep- 
tion did not, however, dampen their enthusiasm. From 
that time to the day of his death the career of Judge 
Roberts was marked by complete success. He bought 
farms and cleared them, owning at one time fifteen dif- 
ferent tracts of land in Warrick County. He first 
lived on a farm a short distance west of the town, but 
afterwards moved to the east of the village and built 
the Rock House, which still stands, a monument of his 
early enterprises. In 1864 he removed to Vanderburg 
County, about three miles west of Newburg, where he 
lived until the time of his death. Judge Roberts served 
for a number of years as Probate Judge, and then was 
elected state Senator from his district. He also filled 
other offices of less importance. He was bank director 
of the Evansville Bank for fifteen or twenty years, and 
took an active part in eveiy public enterprise tending to 
promote the welfare of his neighborhood. He possessed 
a robust constitution, and seemed able to endure any 
amount of hardship. Near his home at the Rock House 
he kept a wood-yard, and supplied steamboats with 
fuel. There would often be three or four thousand 
cords of wood, so that "Roberts's wood-yard" was 
known by boatmen the entire length of the river. The 
Judge had no advantages whatever for an education; 
but he could write a good hand, and mastered a prac- 
tical business education. His twin children were edu- 
cated in good seminaries and colleges. One of them, 
Eliza Ann Roberts, married Mr. A. Hazen, who is ex- 
tensively known by steamboat men and along the banks 
of the Ohio River. He was born in Windsor County, 

I St Dis/.] 



Vermont, but early went to Newburg, and has ever 
since been identified wilh its growth and history. He 
has been in the commission business for a number of 
years ; has also an extensive coal bank, in which he em- 
ploys about one hundred hands when in full operation. 

H| ALSTON, WILLIAM G., M. D., of Evansville, 
was born February 13, 1819, in Princeton, Gibson 
County, Indiana. His paternal grandfather, Will- 
5cJ iam Ralston, was at the siege of Yorktown when 
Cornwallis surrendered to Washington. His maternal 
grandfather, Major Joseph Neely, a man of marked 
ability, was major of a regiment in the Revolutionary 
War. Andrew Ralston, his father, was a soldier in the 
War of 181 2 when but eighteen yerrs of age, having 
run away from home to enlist. lie died of consump- 
tion when thirty-three years old. He was married, in 
1818, to Patsy Neely, daughter of Major Joseph Neely, 
of Kentucky, who still survives her husband, and who, 
at the age of eighty-eight, retains to a wonderful degree 
her mental and physical vigor. She has always been a 
woman of much force of character. Doctor William 
Ralston was reared on a farm, and received only the 
limited educational advantages of a country school. His 
father having died when he was but ten years of age, 
and he being the oldest child, it devolved upon him to 
take heavy responsibilities when still quite young. He 
worked on the farm in summer and attended school in 
winter until 1840, when he taught school for one year. 
In 1841 he went to Posey County and studied medicine 
with his uncle. Doctor Josejih Neely, of Cynthiana. 
After a four years' course of study, he went to Boon- 
ville, and there practiced his profession until 1848, 
when, feeling the need of a course of lectures, he at- 
tended for a time the Ohio Medical College, in Cincin- 
nati, and some years after graduated in the Medical 
College of Evansville. On April 11, 1850, Doctor Rals- 
ton married Isabella Matthewson, daughter of Doctor 
R. C. Matthewson, of Boonville, whose sketch also ap- 
pears in this book. During the following eighteen years 
he practiced medicine in that town, as well as the 
adjacent counties of Spencer, Pike, and Vanderburg. 
The sparsely settled condition of that part of the coun- 
try in those early days caused his practice to be a very 
laborious one. His travels were performed on horseback, 
over roads rendered unsafe by swollen creeks, the ab- 
sence of bridges, and numerous other perils. In many 
ways he endured hardships which would have broken 
down a man of less robust constitution. In all proba- 
bility there was allied to the good constitution an in- 
domitable will, that helped to carry him safely through. 
He can boast of the fact that in all his life he never 
was sick but one week consecutively. At the beginning 

of the Civil War, Doctor Ralston was appointed by 
Governor Morton surgeon of the 8lst Regiment Indiana 
Volunteers. After serving less than a year in the Army 
of the Cumberland, and while still wilh his regiment in 
the field, he was appointed surgeon of the board of en- 
rollment of the First Congressional District of Indiana. 
This appointment was made by the Secretary of War, 
unexpectedly, and without his knowledge. While acting 
in this capacity he examined over ten thousand men as 
volunteers, substitutes, and drafted men. The office 
was continued until Apiil 14, 1865, the day of the assas- 
sination of President Lincoln. In 1865 he returned to 
the practice of medicine, having removed w ith his family 
to Evansville, where he still resides, and where he is 
favored with an extensive patronage. He was appointed 
United States surgeon of the Marine Hospital at the 
port of Evansville. He occupied this position for four 
years. He has been a member for thirty-eight years of 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and ruling elder 
and clerk of the sessions most of that time. He has 
also been an Odd-fellow for twenty-five years ; has taken 
all the degrees and filled all the chairs. He has three 
sons, all grown men, two of whom are following the 
profession of their father, and one is a druggist. Doc- 
tor Ralston bears an unblemished reputation. As a man, 
a physician, and a Cliristian gentleman, he stands high 
in the estimation of all who know him. He is now hale 
and hearty, in the sixty-second year of his age. 


^ OGERS, EDMUND J., of Rockport, is a direct 
descendant of John Rogers, the martyr, whose 
grandson, Thomas, came to America in the " May- 
flower," in 1620. Thomas Rogers's grandson, 
Noah, was born in Huntington, Long Island, but removed 
to Branford, Connecticut, where he married Elizabeth 
Taintor, whose father came from Wales. Their son, 
Noah, who married Elizabeth Wheeler, of Branford, had 
two sons, one of whom. Captain Edward Rogers, led a 
company to Danbury when it was invaded by the British 
in 1777. His men being unwilling to take Continental 
money, he paid them out of his own purse sixteen hun- 
dred dollars in gold, which the government has never 
refunded. The other son, Noah, was one of the soldiers 
se;it to arrest the progress of Burgoyne ; he married 
Rhoda Leet, daughter of Governor Leet, of Guilford, 
Cimneclicut. Their son John married Thankful Harri- 
son, of Branford, and settled at Damascus. John Rogers's 
son, who bore his father's name, married Sarah Barker, 
of Branford ; and Jonathan, their son, married Orphany, 
youngest daughter of Captain Edmund Rogers. The 
latter was a descendant of James Rogers, captain of the 
ship "Innocence," in which he came to this country in 
1635. He settled at New London, from which place 


[ 1st Dist. 

Captain Edmund Rogers removed to Branford, where he 
married Lydia Frisbee. He was engaged in the West 
India trade, and sailed for the West Indies January 6, 
16S5, accompanied by his eldest son, Edmund, and John 
and Peter Rogers, brothers of Jonathan Rogers; but 
they and their companions were never afterward heard 
from. Jonathan Rogers settled at Stony Creek in 1798, 
whence he removed in 1810 to the old Rogers homestead 
at Damascus. In 1812 he became a member of the 
Branford Artillery Company, being elected lieutenant. 
This company was composed of seamen, many of whom 
had been owners and captains of vessels, or prominent 
in the Continental navy of 1776. In 1818, induced by 
the favorable report of Doctor Gould, he removed with 
his family to Carlisle, Sullivan County, Indiana. Ed- 
mund J. Rogers, his son, drove a four-horse team the 
entire distance. In 1822 Mr. Rogers was elected Asso- 
ciate Judge of Sullivan County, his commission being 
signed by Jonathan Jennings, then Governor. Two 
years afterwards he removed to New Harmony. His 
son, Edmund J. Rogers, remained at Carlisle until 
1S27, when he also went to New Harmony, and opened 
a store of general merchandise in connection with 
Adam Moffitt, of Mount Vernon. The establishment 
was soon closed by a writ of injunction from Judge 
Goodlet, on complaint of W. G. Taylor, one of a com- 
pany who claimed to have a lease giving them the ex- 
clusive right to sell merchandise in the town of New 
Harmony. A man who had been an apparent friend to 
the proprietors of the new store purchased a thimble of 
them and then made complaint to Judge Goodlet, who 
ordered them to be put in jail to await further orders 
from the court. They were locked in the old log jail at 
Mount Vernon, but were immediately released by order 
of the Associate Judges of Posey County. Suits growing 
out of this matter were carried to the higher courts, 
and decisions rendered in favor of Rogers & Moffitt; 
the latter, who sued for damages for false imprison- 
ment, received three thousand dollars. The history of 
these suits is to be found in "Blackford's Reports." In 
1829 Mr. Rogers formed a copartnership with Alexan- 
der McClure, brother of William McClure, who died in 
Mexico, leaving a large estate to establish libraries. 
The firm conducted a tannery and shoemaking estab- 
lishment, besides dealing in general merchandise, until 
in 1844 Mr. Rogers bought the interest of his partner, 
and continued the business on his own account. In 
March, 1861, his warehouse, containing a large stock of 
goods upon which there was little insurance, was de- 
stroyed by fire. He sold his property in New Harmony 
in 1870, and removed to Rockport, where he engaged 
for five years in the general grocery trade. He retired 
from business in March, 1875. During the late Civil 
War, being too old to go into the service himself, Mr. 
Rogers donated money in aid of the Union cause to the 

amount of more than six hundred dollars. In 1836 he 
married Celia Guild, of Cincinnati, whose father came 
from Connecticut in 1818 and settled at Oxford, Ohio. 
She died in October, 1858. Mr. Rogers, now in his 
seventy-ninth year, is living at Rockport with his only 
child, Mrs. Celia Laird. His business career has been 
long and active ; he is one of the fevif who never had a 
note protested, and always paid one hundred cents to 
the dollar. 

'^[jjloMINE, JAMES, of Rockport, was born March 
nj)]! 21, 1832, in Spencer County, Indiana. His father, 
Qe](^ John Romine, was born August 17, 1806, in Mis- 
TDc5 souri, twenty miles from St. Louis, on the Mara- 
mec River. In 1812 he removed to Harrison County, 
Indiana, and in 1815 came to Spencer County. In 1829, 
on the 5th of April, he was married to Hannah Gentry, 
who previously was from Kentucky. They were 
among the first settlers in that neighborhood. Mr. 
Romine was considered a prominent man in his day, 
and was honored by holding almost all the positions of 
trust in the county. The place he purchased had 
previously been occupied by Mr. Hawkins, who was the 
only inhabitant of the county, and was two miles from 
Gentryville. He was an active Christian. James at- 
tended the common schools of his neighborhood, re- 
ceiving a fair English education, which has been of 
material use to him in the many responsible positions of 
trust held during life. He even obtained a proficiency 
in the higher mathematics greater than ordinarily found 
at that day. Up to li:'6o James Romine followed 
farming, living until that period a quiet, retired life, 
when he was called from his country home to take the 
office of county recorder of Spencer County. He advo- 
cated the Democratic principles in politics, and was 
elected to office by that party. In 1874 he was elected 
to the Lower House of the Legislature by a majority 
of five hundred and forty-one votes, running ahead of 
the state ticket throughout the county. The number of 
votes polled in this election showed that Mr. Romine 
was no sluggard in the race, and that he must have 
been very popular among his politicjil opponents, as 
well as among his own party friends. In 1876 he was 
put in nomination for county clerk and elected, and in 
this contest beat an excellent man, which also speaks 
volumes for his popularity in his own county. In De- 
cember, 1858, he was married to Miss Sydney Olive 
Stites, of Spencer County, and is the father of six chil- 
dren. Mr. Romine is a very kind-hearted and affable 
gentleman, strictly honest and upright. He is courteous 
in his manner, and is an excellent choice for any office 
intrusted to him by the people. He has the reputation 
of attending strictly to business, and of being temperate 




c/n ^i^ f"-^ y/i^A^AA4 

I St Dist.'] 



not only in his views of men and things, but also in 
his habits. He is regarded as a representative man by 
the people of Spencer County. 

f«: AMPSON, JAMES, retired merchant, of New Har- 
^^1 mony, Indiana, was born in Roxbury, Massachu- 
setts, September 6, l8o6. At the age of ten years 
his father's family removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, 
arriving there on Christmas day, l8l6. His education 
was principally obtained at Cincinnati, where he at- 
tended for some time a school taught by a brother of 
General Harrison, afterwards President of the United 
States. After receiving a fair education at the public 
schools he was apprenticed by his father to learn the 
saddlery trade. In the year 1827 he removed to New 
Harmony, Indiana. A school of industry was then in 
progress at that place, in which he was engaged to 
teach his trade. Soon after, he opened a small shop 
and began business as a saddler and harness-maker. 
He continued successfully at this until 1839, when he 
formed a partnership with R. H. Fauntelroy, and en- 
gaged in general mercantile business until 1843. Dur- 
ing this time he made three trips to New Orleans on 
flat-boats with cargoes of produce and grain. On ac- 
count of a general depression in trade he determined in 
1843 to withdraw from active commerce until times be- 
came more prosperous, and sold out to his partner. In 
1845 he, in turn, bought out Mr. Fauntelroy, and con- 
ducted the business himself until 1856, when he entered 
into partnership with A. E. Fretagest. In 1S59, having 
acquired means sufficient to keep himself and family 
during the remainder of his life, he determined to retire, 
and disposed of his interest to his partner. Since then 
he has devoted his time to the gratification of a taste 
for the natural sciences. While a young man Mr. 
Sampson was accustomed to collect such specimens in 
natural science as could be found around New Harmony 
for Thomas Say, and afterwards Doctor David Dale 
Owen, and had acquired so great a taste for this that 
when he retired from active businesss he devoted his 
spare time to the collection of all kinds of specimens of 
natural science and natural history to be found along 
Wabash River and in the vicinity of New Harmony. 
He also obtained various scientific works, and made a 
special study of conchology for the purpose of properly 
classifying and arranging his vast collection of shells. 
He has taken great pleasure in this pursuit, which he 
follows as a mere pastime, and has a museum embrac- 
ing a vast and very valuable collection of shells, fossils, 
and other specimens of natural science, collected en- 
tirely by himself. All these he has carefully classified, 
labeled, and for the most part arranged in cabinets, and 
they embrace specimens of almost every species of 
A— 5- 

shells that has been found to exist, or to have ever ex- 
isted, in the Wabash River, some of which are exceed- 
ingly rare. His museum also contains many specimens 
of natural history, most of which were secured and pre- 
pared for preservation by his own hands. Mr. Sampson, 
though seventy-three years of age, is vigorous, and keeps 
himself constantly employed, as he is daily finding new 
objects of interest in science for study and investigation. 
Mr. Sampson has always been a Democrat in politics. 
In 1833 he was elected a Justice of the Peace, which 
office he held for several years, being also an ex officio 
county commissioner. After the present law regarding 
county commissioners took effect he was a member of the 
first board, the other members being J. T. Morehead and 
Richard Barter. He was also trustee of the township 
for six years. He was the first president of the New 
Harmony Maclurean Institute, an office which he held 
for several years. He was married in August, 1828, to 
Miss Eliza Wheatcroft, of New Harmony, a native of 
Virginia. Three daughters have been born to them; 
the oldest is the wife of Professor Edward T. Cox, late 
state geologist of Indiana; the second was married to 
Julian Dale Owen, and was drowned by the sinking of a 
steamboat in the Mississippi River while going on a visit 
to him at Helena, Arkansas, during the late Civil War. 
The third daughter is the wife of Absalom Boran, of 
New Harmony. 

;. HERWOOD, MARCUS, of Evansville, was born in 
^J^ Fairfield County, Connecticut, on the 28th of May, 
1803. His father, David Sherwood, was born June 
13, 1777, was a stone-mason by trade, and was at 
one time a member of the st.ite Legislature. He was 
married to Mary Turney, April 23, 1801, from which 
union they had four children, the subject of our sketch 
being the second child, and the only one now living. 
Marcus, like most of our New England boys of that day, 
attended school in" the winter only, and when spring 
came his slate, arithmetic, and copy-book were laid away, 
while he devoted the remaining nine months of the 
year to work for his father. In his early boyhood Mar- 
cus was seized with the "Western fever." His uncle, 
Eli Sherwood, had made an extensive trip on horse- 
back through the southern wilds of Indiana, and on 
his return home gave glowing accounts of his adven- 
tures. The boy was captivated, and, notwithsanding 
his father's desire to keep him at home and apprentice 
him to a blacksmith, he finally, after considerable 
pleading, obtained his parents' permission to go West. 
He started for Evansville with his uncle, a distance of 
one thousand miles, driving an ox team from his home 
to Pittsburgh. This part of their journey was slow 
and difficult, owing to the zigzag course they were 
obliged to take across rivers and over mountains. The 



\_ist Disl. 

trials were sometimes severe, but Marcus perseveringly 
drove his team, and in fifty-eight days they reached 
Pittsburgh, he having walked every step of the way, 
both men and animals being nearly worn out. Here 
they purchased a flat-boat, loaded it with all their ef- 
fects, and, after a long voyage, arrived at Evansville on 
the 6th of June, 1819. Marcus was now but sixteen 
years old. He continued to work for his uncle un- 
til he was of age, and then struck out for himself 
at odd jobs. He soon earned the reputation of be- 
ing a first-class man, and was in request. As a day 
laborer, at fifty cents a day, he gradually acquired 
means sufficient to buy a flat-boat and begin operations 
for himself. For the first two years he served as a fore 
hand, and during the ten following years was proprie- 
tor, his business from the first being profitable, the sec- 
ond trip alone yielding one thousand dollars net income. 
In the twelve years he spent on the river, he visited 
New Orleans twenty-eight times. He speculated largely 
in pork and produce, and always realized handsome 
profits. Few men of Southern Indi:ina struggled more 
persistently or more successfully than did Marcus 
Sherwood. Being governed by the motto, '■'Labor 
omnia viiicit,'''' and possessing the courage to test it, 
he made his way against reverses that would have 
hindered the progress of most men. His rule of life 
was founded upon the principle of never deviating 
from a fixed purpose to do right, and by his faithful- 
ness he retained the confidence of all around him. 
Upon coming to Evansville Mr. Sherwood found it a 
mere village of a few log huts, with wolves and deer 
on every side ; he has lived to see it a city of over forty 
thousand inhabitants, and to become one of its wealthy 
citizens. The capital earned in his former years he in- 
vested in real estate, and that principally the land upon 
which Evansville now stands, thereby laying the founda- 
tion of his present wealth. Mr. Sherwood was one of 
the advocates and contractors of the canal and levee, 
and to him great credit is due for the excellent public 
work he so admirably performed. He constructed the 
"Sherwood House" at a time wheri most people doubted 
the success of the undertaking, but it stands to-day a 
monument to his enterprise. He is a member and one 
of the founders of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church 
in this city. Being open-hearted as well as full-hancied, 
he gave of his weallh whenever and wherever it was 
needed, and has thus indelibly stamped his memory in 
the hearts of all who knew him. In support of 
Churches, collegeSj and charitable institutions, he has 
given many thousands of dollars. As a private citizen 
he has been found generous and full of noble im- 
pulses. Orphan children have found their way to his 
house, and his home has been their home ; one of these 
little ones remained with him seventeen years, and 
three others were fully reared and started in life before 

going from his door. He was married, in 1834, to Miss 
Prudence Johnson, daughter of Alexander Johnson, 
Esq., one of the most amiable and pious women of her 
time. She took a lively interest in all that pertained to 
the welfare of the community, and gave earnest aid to 
her husband in his various enterprises. She was a de- 
voted member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church 
from its organization, in 1851, until her death, which 
occurred on the morning of July 18, 1870. She left a 
bereaved husband, an only son, and sympathizing 
friends, who will not soon forget her example of Chris- 
tian fortitude and purity of life. Mr. Sherwood has 
always enjoyed good health, having been blessed with a 
frame and constitution well suited to the hardships of 
pioneer life. Though not a student of medicine, he 
possesses a wide knowledge of its principles, and seems 
to contain a materia medica within himself. In his 
later days he has given up worldly pursuits, and devoted 
his time to the study of the Bible and the interests of 
his Church. 

§AY, THOMAS, naturalist, was born in Philadel- 
phia, July 27, 1787, and died at New Harmony, 
Indiana, October 10, 1834. He was educated in 
_ Philadelphia, nnd gave his entire time to the nat- 
ural sciences. In 1812 he was one of the founders of 
the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia. In 
181 5 he spent some months in East Florida, investi- 
gating the natural history of that region. In 1819 he 
was appointed chief zoologist in Long's expedition to 
the Rocky Mountains, and in 1823 accompanied that to 
St. Peter's River in the same capacity. In 1825, upon 
the urgent solicitation of William Maclure, Esq., he 
removed to New Harmony, Indiana, where he spent the 
remainder of his life, devoting himself to the prep- 
aration of his works for the press and to extensive ex- 
plorations in that region. Here he wrote his work on 
"American Entomology" (except the first two volumes, 
which he had published before leaving Philadelphia), 
and his work on "American Conchology." His com- 
plete writings on "Entomology " were edited by J. L. 
Le Conte (New York, 1S59), and on "Conchology " by 
W. G. Birney (New York, 1858). 

yer, of Evansville, was born near Danville, Ken- 
tucky, in the year 1827. He pursued a course of 
instruction in the Stanford high school. At the 
a're of twenty he was commissioned as a first lieuten- 
ant in the army, ' and served in the Mexican War, 
in 1847 and 1848. On the outbreak of the Civil War, 
in 1861, he was commissioned colonel, and commanded 

ist Dt'si.] 



a regiment at Fort Donelson. He next raised a regi- 
ment of cavalry, and, being promoted to brigadier-gen- 
eral, started througli Southern Indiana and Ohio after 
General Morgan, the confederate chief. The chase 
lasted about thirty days, and was terminated by Mor- 
gan's capture near New Lisbon, Ohio, General Shackel- 
ford next figured conspicuously for several months in 
the East Tennessee campaign, when he was called home 
by the death of his wife. Although offered a major- 
general's commission, he refused to remain longer. He 
studied law under Judge Cook, and afterwards practiced 
with him in Madisonville, Kentucky, since removing to 
Evansville. He has been very successful in his profes- 
sion while in the state of Indiana. 

]K LAUGHTER, DOCTOR W. W., was born No- 
^fw vember 16, 1825, in Corydon, Harrison County, 
@3 Indiana, the former capital of the state. His 
© father, James Brooks Slaughter, was born in Nel- 
son County, Kentucky, in 1792, of English parentage, 
who emigrated to Virginia from Herefordshire, England. 
James Brooks Slaughter was a physician of consid- 
erable local celebrity, as well as a politician, hav- 
ing served the people of his county in both branches of 
the state Legislature. He died of Asiatic cholera in 
1832, leaving a family of six children. The mother of 
the subject of our sketch, Delilah Slaughter, born in 
Shelby County, Kentucky, was a daughter of Captain 
Spier Spencer, celebrated among the pioneers as an In- 
dian fighter. He accompanied General St. Clair in his 
disastrous campaign against the Shawnees, in the region 
now constituting the state of Ohio, participating in the 
battle of Blue Licks and many other engagements. 
He commanded a company called the Yellow Jackets, 
under General W. H. Harrison, at Tippecanoe, where 
he was killed. A county in Kentucky, and one in 
Indiana, bear his name. Doctor W. W. Slaughter had 
but limited educational advantages in his youth, being 
only such as were afforded at the primitive district 
schools of early days. When sixteen years of age he 
entered a printing-office in his native village, with the 
intention of learning the trade. The press and other 
implements were very crude, and he soon became pro- 
ficient in their use. This employment was not con- 
genial to his taste, and he decided to abandon it for the 
profession of medicine, for which he was better fitted 
both physically and mentally. He studied two years 
under the direction of Doctor John Slemons, a graduate 
of an Eastern school, and a very successful practitioner, 
and afterwards with Doctors Meeker and Higday, of 
Laporte, Indiana, where he graduated from the medical 
school in 1849. He began the practice of his profession 
at Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, where he married 

Miss Caroline Pell, of his native county, and soon there- 
after removed to Kentucky. In the last-named slate he 
resided from the year 1850 to 1S60. He then returned 
to Indiana, locating at Newburg, where he now resides 
with his children^a son and daughter. His wife died 
in 1872. At the breaking out of the Rebellion he ear- 
nestly espoused the cause of the government, and labored 
faithfully for the Union until the close of the war. He 
raised a company for the 60th Indiana Regiment — Colo- 
nel Richard Owen — and was appointed assistant sur- 
geon, and subsequently surgeon of that organization. 
He served until 1864, when he resigned on account of 
ill-health. He was taken prisoner at Mumfordsville 
with a battalion of the regiment, but was exchanged 
in a few weeks. He was with General Sherman's army 
at the battle of Chickasaw Bayou, in the first attack on 
Vicksburg, at the storming of Arkansas Post, and the 
capture of Jackson, Mississippi. He was also piesent 
with General Grant's army at the siege and surrender 
of Vicksburg. After the latter event the Thirteenth 
Corps, to which his regiment belonged, was removed to 
the Department of the Gulf, under General Banks, and 
afterwards to the Bay of Matagorda, Texas, where it 
remained until the spring following, when it was ordered 
to New Orleans. Doctor Slaughter as a citizen has 
taken an active interest in the educational work of his 
adopted home. While occupying the position of town 
trustee, he was instrumental in the erection of a commo- 
dious brick school-house in Newburg, having contributed 
largely of his means. He is an earnest advocate of the 
cause of temperance, and wields a great influence in the 
community in which he lives. Doctor Slaughter has 
been the nominee of the Republican party for the state 
Legislature. He is a useful, public-spirited citizen, and 
enjoys the respect and esteem of the citizens of his town 
and county. 

((.MITH, ANDREW J., M. D., Tell City, Perry 
^|p| County, was born in Ohio County, Kentucky, De- 
lE^iin cember 31, 184I, being the son of Benjamin and 
Katherine W. Smith. His father, who was a 
farmer of Scotch descent, was an early settler in Ken- 
tucky, and his mother was of German ancestry. The 
nature of the times and the place afforded no educa- 
tional advantages. Three months of any sort of schooling 
was all young Smith had any opportunity of obtaining, 
and great is the credit to-day due him as a man for the 
position he occupies. He is a man who has gained for 
himself, by dint of pluck, perseverance, and study, all 
that he knows and possesses. To-day he is the leading 
physician of his county. At the age of thirteen, being 
disgusted with the institution of slavery and his sur- 
roundings (though not of his home), he determined to 
strike out into the world, where he could attain to a 



\ist Dist. 

higher sphere than his home vicinity could ever afford. 
His father at the time was a slave-owner, and, although 
he was a kind master, the son was so impressed with 
the evil of slavery that he determined to go to one of 
the free states. He was, as he afterwards remarked, a 
born Abolitionist. And so, at the age of thirteen, he 
left home and worked his way to New Orleans on a 
flat-boat, there entering the United States navy, in 
which he served three years and seven months, gaining 
considerable experience, and being instructed in the 
ship school, that being under the charge of the chap- 
lain, and attended by all the boys on board. During 
that time he cruised in the Mediterranean and off the 
coast of Newfoundland, and visited Liverpool and 
Havre de Grace. On leaving the service he made his 
way to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he obtained employment 
in a foundry, boarding himself in a garret, it being all 
his pay would afford, and attended night school, being 
determined to gain an education for himself. In 1859 
he went to Louisville, where he attended the Medical 
College until the spring of 1861, making great progress 
in his studies. The war breaking out, the college dis- 
solved, the professors entering the armies. Some joined 
the North, and others the South. Young Smith then 
returned to Cincinnati, where he enlisted in the 1st 
Kentucky Regiment, at Camp Clay, Ohio. A few days 
before his terra of service expired he engaged in the 
battle of Bull Run, where he received a slight wound. 
His term of service expired, he returned to Louisville, 
and re-enlisted in the Louisville Legion, Colonel L. H. 
Rousseau, commander. It was the first regiment that 
went South from Louisville. He was at the battle of 
Shiloh, where he was again slightly wounded in the left 
side, and then participated in the siege of Corinth. 
After that he marched to Battle Creek, East Tennessee, 
but, his force being outflanked by General Bragg, it 
retreated to Louisville in 1S62; then, pressing Bragg 
back, brought on the battle of Perryville. His com- 
mander followed Bragg till he passed Cumberland Gap, 
and then went on to Nashville. From there they ad- 
vanced to Murfreesboro, where the enemy was encoun- 
tered at the battle of Stone River, December 31. The 
Doctor at that battle was in the right wing, which was 
hard pressed, and was most severely wounded by shell 
and ball, which laid him up four months in a hospital. 
On recovering, he rejoined the army the day before the 
battle of Chickamauga, in which he took part and was 
again badly wounded, necessitating a return to hospital. 
On recovering he again joined his regiment, engaged 
in the battle of Chattanooga and the storming of Mis- 
sion Ridge, where the regiment lost five color-bearers. 
He was the sixth, but was not discouraged. He boldly 
seized the colors, and bore them in triumph to the top 
of the Ridge. Two hours after the Ridge was taken 
they marched off to Knoxville to relieve Burnside, who 

at that time was hard pressed by Longstreet, and re- 
mained for the winter at Knoxville. In the following 
spring he was in the Georgia campaign, in which he 
fought in all the actions up to the battle of Jonesboro. 
His term of service having again expired, he was 
mustered out, October 17, 1864. He immediately re- 
enlisted in the 4th United States Veteran Infantry, 
a corps of honor made up as guard to General Han- 
cock, being composed only of those men who could 
show a record of three years' active and meritorious 
service. Most of the time until the close of the war 
was spent in the Shenandoah Valley. At the end of 
the struggle he returned to Washington City, where he 
was one of the guard of the assassins of the President, 
and was on the scaffold at the time they were hanged. 
Then he was ordered to Texas, and from there to Min- 
nesota, to assist in quelling Indian hostilities. March, 
1S66, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant, and 
appointed second assistant surgeon to the regiment. A 
month later, in a fight with the Indians, he received a 
severe scalp wound, escaping death very narrowly, for, 
after he had fallen an Indian ran up to him to scalp 
him, when a comrade fired, and the Indian fell in the 
very act of killing him. The Doctor retired from the 
service early in May, 1866, being no longer able to stand 
the exposure and fatigue, owing to his many wounds, and 
particularly his last one. During the war he had in- 
trusted all his pay to a friend. He made his way to 
him at Rockport, Indiana, only to find on arriving there 
that this person had proved false to his trust, and had 
squandered all the money committed to his care. The 
Doctor then found himself almost entirely without 
means, but did not give up in despair, for he immedi- 
ately made his way to Richland and began as a phy- 
sician, encountering the most intense opposition from the 
medical profession, and from the very people to whose 
protection he had so largely contributed during the war 
by his gallant and arduous .services. While there he be- 
came acquainted with Miss Amanda K. Hill, a most es- 
timable young lady, to whom he was married May 17, 
1866. Immediately after his marriage he removed to 
Newtonville, Spencer County, where he engaged in the 
practice of his profession, and met with the most flat- 
tering success. In 1872 the Doctor attended a course 
of lectures at the Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincin- 
nati, where he graduated with full honors. In 1873 ^^ 
moved to Tell City, where he has since resided, still 
meeting with great favor, and enjoying the confidence, 
honor, and respect of his fellow-citizens. During three 
years of his residence in Tell City he was United States 
pension surgeon, and was lecturer on physiology at the 
public school in the winter of 1879-80. He is a regular 
contributor to some of the leading medical journals. 
Last year the Doctor contributed .an article on "Vari- 
cose Ulcers of the Leg, and How to Cure Them With- 

1st Disi.] 



out Medicine, an article which has been freely copied 
by some of the leading English medical journals, such 
as the London Lancet. He is now preparing a work of 
great importance to his portion of the state, treating on 
general diseases peculiar to that region. The Doctor 
has in his possession several papers from General Sheri- 
dan, R. M. Johnson, Colonel J. L. Trainor, and Major 
Blake, expressive of their appreciation of him as a man, 
a surgeon, and a soldier during the war. I lis personal 
appearance is fine. He is of temperate habits, and in 
the enjoyment of good health. He is doing much good 
in the temperance field, accompanying his lectures 
with various diagrams showing the evil influences of in- 
toxicating liquors on the human system. He has been 
an Odd-fellow for some twelve yearsf in which he has 
taken all the degrees, including the Grand Lodge. In 
religious views he is liberal. His politics are Repub- 

. MITH, EDWARD Q., of Evansville, chair manu- 
al facturer, was born in Hunter, Greene County, Now 
York, February 7, 1828. His father, Jeremiah 
Smith, was a carpenter and millwright, and withal 
an ingenious mechanic, who was superintendent of the 
machinery in a chair factory at Hunter. Here Edward 
when a boy was accustomed to assist his father, and as 
he grew older worked with him at the factory, learn- 
ing all the details of the business, and familiarizing him- 
self with the machinery for making chairs. He was em- 
ployed there until July, 1848, when he determined to 
see something of the Western country, and visited Mil- 
waukee, Chicago, St. Louis, Memphis, and other West- 
ern cities. While at St. Louis, after having returned 
from a trip to Memphis, he received a letter asking him 
to go to Cincinnati and assist in making and putting up 
machinery for the first machine chair factory west of 
the Alleghanies. He arrived there in January, 1849, 
and spent nearly two years in that city, assisting mate- 
rially in getting the chair factory into successful opera- 
tion. He then removed to Detroit, where he was en- 
gaged for about two years in a furniture and chair 
manufacturing establishment. He returned to Cincin- 
nati, and engaged as foreman of the largest chair factory 
in that city. Here he displayed his ingenuity by the 
invention of various kinds of wood-working machinery, 
and by making important improvements in the old ma- 
chines. Upon three of these inventions he secured patents, 
and all of them have been generally adopted by chair 
manufacturers. In 1 858 he determined to begin manu- 
facturing chairs on his own account, and in November 
of that year he removed to Evansville, Indiana, where 
he erected a factory and commenced business. His ef- 
forts met with success, and, finding in the rapidly set- 
tling country a ready market, he was soon enabled to 

enlarge his establishment, which has now become one 
of the largest, most convenient, and best equipped in 
the West. It contains the very best machinery adapted 
for the work to be done, some of which is the invention 
of Mr. Smith himself. Among other improvements it 
may be mentioned that he saws out the lumber used in 
the manufacture of chairs from the log, having a small 
saw-mill in operation for that purpose. He is regarded 
as one of Evansville's most enterprising manufacturers, 
gives employment annually to from fifty to sixty men, 
and turns out about sixty thousand chairs per year. The 
market for these is found mostly north of the Ohio River, 
and so favorably is he known that he has had all the 
orders he could fill, without soliciting by commercial 
travelers. Both as a manufacturer and inventor Mr. 
Smith is one of the representative men of Indiana. His in- 
genuity and inventive skill have resulted in greatly cheap- 
ening the products of labor, while his business energy 
and enterprise have built up one of the largest manu- 
facturing interests in Southern Indiana. He is esteemed 
for his honor and integrity, and is of a frank, genial, 
and social nature. He was married, at Detroit, in March, 
1852, to Miss Marion W. Ray, daughter of Elijah Ray, 
of Vermont. 

((. MITH, HAMILTON, of Cannelton,. was born at 
fcf|) Durham, New Hampshire, of a family that has 
been resident there since 1659, and which claims 
descent from the Smiths of Old Hough, County 
Chester, England, and, by a maternal line, from Chris- 
topher Hatton, Lord Chancellor in the reign of Eliza- 
beth. His father, the Hon. Valentine Smith, a leading 
magistrate in the county of Strafford, afterwards Chief 
Justice in the Court of Sessions, and a Judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas, was a man of note and influ- 
ence. At the age of fourteen, Hamilton entered Phillips- 
Exeter Academy, a school distinguished for the educa- 
tion of such men in the past as Webster, Cass, and 
Woodbury. At twenty-one years of age he entered 
Dartmouth, and became prominent as a writer and as a 
speaker. He was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa, re- 
ceived one of the college honors of the class, and was 
elected orator of the literary society, an honor which 
was coveted more than any other. He graduated in 
1829, and immediately went to Washington City, where 
he succeeded a gentleman, who afterwards became a 
Senator from Ohio, in the charge of a select school. 
He studied law while in Washington, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1832. After this he visited Cuba, and 
then returned to Louisville, Kentucky, where he opened 
an office and began the practice of his profession. In 
1840 he became interested in a large tract of coal land 
at Cannelton, a point which had been selected by Robert 
Fulton as an important site for future operations, and to 



\ist Disi. 

this point Mi. Smith directed his attention to the build- 
ing up of a "market at home." In 1847 he commenced 
a series of articles in the Louisville Journal, and through 
the influence of these papers induced a number of lead- 
ing gentlemen from Kentucky, Indiana, Mississippi, and 
Louisiana, to form a company, which contracted for the 
building of a cotton mill at Cannelton. In 1851 the mill 
was put in operation, and the ten thousand spindles and 
three hundred and seventy-two looms have been in opera- 
tion ever since. In behalf of this enterprise Mr. Smith 
took an active part, so impressed was he with the great 
importance of some relief to the people of the West by 
throwing off to a certain extent their dependence upon 
the East. There is a great lack of economy in raising 
all necessary articles in the West and South, and trans- 
porting them to the East to be made up, then returning 
them here, with the expense of double freight, and the 
loss to the Western community of the value of the labor. 

. WINT, WILLIAM, of Boonville, was born in Jas- 
per, Dubois County, Indiana, April 16, 1844, and 
CeWo was the fourth child and first son of a family of 
seven children, four of whom still survive. His 
parents were Catholics. His father, Conrad Swint 
(Schwint), was born at Heidelberg, Germany, May I, 
1S08, where he resided until 1830, when he was married 
to Miss Adaline Lechner, and in the same year emigrated 
to America. He died at Troy, Perry County, Indiana, 
April, 1859. He was a graduate of the Heidelberg 
University. His mother was born in January, 1812, and 
died January, 1869, and lies in the cemetery with her 
husband. She was tlie daughter of Franz Lechner, a 
soldier under Napoleon for twenty-four years, who 
died in Indiana at the age of eighty-nine. William 
Swint attended the common schools until twelve years 
of age, when he apprenticed himself in the Rockport 
Democrat office, where he remained until the breaking 
out of the Civil War. He enlisted in 1861 in the 25th 
Indiana Regiment, at the age of seventeen years, serv- 
ing until mustered out of the service in 1864, and being 
engaged in all the campaigns and battles participated in 
by the regiment. After his return home he was for a time 
in the clerk's office of Spencer County; where he again 
took up his old position in the printing-office until 1868, 
when he removed to Louisville, Kentucky, and was 
employed on the Louisville Journal and Couiier-Jourital 
until 1870. At that time he removed to Boonville, In- 
diana, purchasing the Boonville Enquirer, a Democratic 
newspaper, in which he is still engaged, making it a 
vigorous and influential journal for the county and dis- 
trict, and engaging actively in politics. He has never 
aspired to any office, but has held the position of mem- 
ber of the school board in Buonville for four terms, and 

was appointed a doorkeeper of the Forty-fifth Congress, 
but resigned that position. He was married, by Rev. 
S. Ravenscroft, in the spring of 1S68, to Katie A.. 
Dreher, youngest of four daughters of Ezra and Catherine 
(Tiffin) Dreher ; her grandfather on her mother's side 
being Edward Tiffin, the first Governor of Ohio. She 
was born at Madison, Indiana, November 26, 1849, and 
died of pneumonia February II, 1879, after an illness 
of one week; leaving three children, two girls and one 
boy ; the latter born on Washington's birthday, 1877. 
As a writer Mr. Swint is characterized by precision and 
purity of style. In the presentation of a fact or the 
statement of a proposition he is always candid, lucid, 
and comprehensive; his writings abound in Saxon 
phrases. He has Jjeen a decided factor in the current 
political literature of his party, and has been recognized 
as of decided importance to the solution of the party 
problem. He is an honorable and dignified gentleman, 
and is an ornament to society.- 

t> PENCER, ELIJAH M., of Mount Vernon, Indiana, 
Ij^) attorney and counselor at law, was born in Erie 
(^5 County, Pennsylvania, December 6, 1831. His 
^iD father was a native of Connecticut, and his mother 
of Vermont. Elijah was reared upon a farm, receiving 
an ordinary common school education, At the age of 
nineteen years he entered Allegheny College, at Mead- 
ville, Pennsylvania, from which he graduated in 1855, 
having in the mean time taught school for two or three 
winters to defray his college expenses. Immediately 
upon graduating, in May, 1S55, he went to Rising Sun, 
Ohio County, Indiana, and began the study of law in 
the office of his brother, John W. Spencer, who subse- 
quently became Judge of the Circuit Court. In July, 
1856, he was admitted to the bar, when he at once re- 
moved to Mount Vernon, Indiana, and began the prac- 
tice of his profession. In the fall of the same year, he 
was elected to the office of prosecuting attorney for the 
counties of Posey and Gibson, and held the office for 
two years, refusing to accept the nomination for the 
second term, as his practice had increased to such an 
extent as to demand his whole time and attention. In 
the fall of 1861, he was elected a Representative to the 
Indiana Legislature, and was re-elected to the same 
office in 1863, serving four years. Since then he has 
not held any public office, nor sought any, but has de- 
voted his time to the practice of law, and also, of late 
years, to farming. He has enjoyed a large and lucrative 
business for many years, and is ranked among the most 
eminent members of the bar of Posey County. In poli- 
tics he has always been a Democrat. Mr. Spencer was 
married, in November, i860, to Miss Mary Morse, of 
Akron, Ohio. 

1st Dist.'l 

|nff AYLOR, JOHN L., attorney-at-law, of Boonville, 
'f It was born in Warrick County, Indiana, August 30, 
i?'/v[ 1S50. During his youth he was accustomed to the 
%^ hard manual labor of a farm. At the age of 
twenty-one he decided to study law, and accordingly, in 
1871, he entered the state university, from which he 
graduated in 1875. For a few years he taught school. 
In 1878 he attended a course of lectures and graduated 
in the Cincinnati Law School. On his return home 
he was elected by the Democratic party as Repre- 
sentative of Warrick County in the Legislature of the 
state. Mr. Taylor was married, in 1879, to Katie 
Brackenridge Barker, daughter of Doctor Barker, of 
IJoonville. He has been successful in the practice of 
his profession, and bids fair to become one of the lead- 
ing men of the county. 

nff ERRY, OLIVER C, mayor of the city of Mount 
■HI !■ Vernon, was born in the parish of Lafayette, Lou" 
'(S/M isiana, August 3, 1834. His father removed to 
^vl Evansville, Indiana, in 1845, and died there two 
years afterwards, leaving Oliver, at the age of thirteen 
years, to fight his own way in the world. In 1848 he 
was bound out at service to a wealthy planter named 
Whitman, in Henderson County, Kentucky, to remain 
until he was twenty-one years of age. Mr. W^hitman 
was a large slave-owner, and the lad, being associated 
with the blacks in the labors of the plantation and after- 
wards as an overseer, at an early period of his life be- 
came imbued with strong anti-slavery sentiments. His 
education was received mostly in Kentucky, at the com- 
mon schools, and at the age of twentjj years he was 
placed by Mr. Whitman in full charge of his plantation 
and his slaves. After remaining for a year beyond the 
expiration of the term of his bound service, his dislike 
for slavery had become so great that he determined to 
remove to a free state, and crossing the Ohio River he 
settled in Mount Vernon, Indiana, in 1856. He there 
engaged with L. II. Floyd, a merchant, as his clerk, 
and remained with him until after the breaking out of 
the war, in i86i,«when he enlisted in the 1st Indiana 
Cavalry, raised and commanded by Colonel Baker, and 
was made orderly sergeant of his company. He re- 
mained in active service for about a year, when he was 
discharged on account of sickness, and returned to 
Mount Vernon. Soon after he was appointed to a posi- 
tion i> the United States internal revenue service, and 
held various offices until 1872, including those of in- 
spector of tobacco and cigars, gauger of liquors, deputy 
United States collector of intei-nal revenue, and deputy 
United States assessor of internal revenue. Iir 1868 he 
was elected city treasurer of Mount Vernon, and was 
four times re-elected, holding the office for ten years. 



In 1873 he was appointed agent at Mount Vernon for 
the Adams Express Company, which position he still re- 
tains. In 187S he was elected mayor of the city of 
Mount Vernon for a term of two years. In politics he 
has always been a firm Republican, has taken a deep 
interest in political matters, and for several years has 
been a member of the Republican county committee. 
In 1876 he received the nomination of his party for 
county clerk, and with the rest of his ticket shared de- 
feat, but led his party ticket by eight hundred votes. 
Mr. Terry has always been faithful to his numerous 
public and private trusts, and is highly esteemed for his 
honor and integrity by all with whom he has business 
or social relations. He was married, in July, 1863, to 
Miss Eliza Jane Burtis, of Mount Vernon. 

T/V-' ville, was born December 6, 1807, at Salem, New 
^}\^ Jersey. His father, William Walker, was a resi- 
^o dent of Delaware; he married Miss Catharine 
Tyler, of Salem, at which place they took up their abode. 
Dr. Walker attended private schools in Salem and Cin- 
cinnati. He also pursued an extensive medical course, 
graduating in the year 1S30; after which he practiced 
his profession in Cincinnati for five years. He then re- 
moved to Evansville, where he has been for over forty 
years. During the late Civil War he was hospital sur- 
geon at the soldiers' hospital at this place for over three 
years. He was president of the board of health of 
Evansville for several years, member of the medical 
college faculty, and dean and professor of obstetrics in 
the medical college of Evansville from its organiza- 
tion. He has been a member of the Evansville Med- 
ical Society, of the Vanderburg Medical Society, of the 
Indiana, Illinois, and Kentucky Tri-state Medical So- 
ciety, of the Drake Academy of Medicine, and of the 
American Medical Association. In politics Dr. Walker 
is a Democrat. His first vote for President was cast for 
General Jackson. During the late Civil War he was 
hospital surgeon at the soldiers' hospital in Evansville 
three years. His public services were not, however, 
confined to his profession. During the construction of 
the Evansville and Crawfordsville Railroad, he was a 
director. He was also a state director of the Evansville 
branch of the State Bank of Indiana, and a member of 
the board of directors of the Public Hall Company and 
of the Evansville Street Railway. In 1852 he was a dele- 
gate to the Democratic convention which met at Balti- 
more and nominated Franklin Pierce for the presidency. 
In 1856, in company with Judge Battell, Dr. Walker 
was appointed by the citizens of Evansvill» to visit In- 
dianapolis and request the Governor of the state to pro- 
vide means for the suppression of the riotous jiroceed- 



\iit Dis(. 

ings in Clay County, in the cutting of the banks of the 
canal. The delegation was successful, and the result 
was the breaking up of the "Clay County war." Dr. 
Walker was married to Miss Lizzie Clark, on the 
23d of June, 1835. As a lecturer, he is regarded by 
the members of his profession as second to none in the 
United States. As a professor and practitioner in ob- 
stetrics he excels. He has some note also as a writer. 
As a man he is moderate and temperate in all things, 
kind and humane, much beloved and respected by all. 

'EDDING, CHARLES LEE, Rockport, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, is an illustrious example of 
(f>''l'r3 that successful class of individuals known as 
self-made men. He was born of poor parentage, 
October 17, 1845, in Ohio County, Kentucky, on his 
father's little farm, where his infancy and boyhood were 
spent in the usual monotony of a farm life. Reared in 
the interior, he had but little opportunity afforded him 
of acquiring an education ; and inferior advantages 
found a powerful ally in retarding his progress in his 
delicate health and fragile constitution. Short, infre- 
quent terms at school, and incompetent teachers, gave 
to the ambitious youth but poor facilities for the culti- 
vation of his mind, especially at that time; for, twenty- 
five years ago, Kentucky was as famous for her imper- 
fect system of common schools as she then was, and 
still is, for the chivalry of her sons and the loveliness of 
her daughters. But this was not enough. The tedium 
of such an existence soon grew irksome. The sound 
of intellectual conflicts in the outer world reached the 
ear of the young Kentuckian ; the gleam of crossing 
blades, engaged on the battle-fields of the mind, flashed 
across his view ; and ambition breathed "upon his lids 
a spell that murders sleep." He longed to leap into 
the arena and grapple with the intellectual athletes in 
their grand feats of gladiatorial skill. While still quite 
young, he selected the legal profession as the theater 
of action most suited to his tastes, and best adapted for 
the consummation of his wishes. He commenced the 
study of the law, at the early age of sixteen, by reading 
lilackstone at his home on his father's farm, with no 
college but "God's first temples," no classmate but 
solitude, and no preceptor but his energy. At the age 
of eighteen, after two years of untiring study, he passed 
a creditable examination, and was admitted to the bar 
in Kentucky, in 1864. Finding the courts of his native 
state suspended, and the business outlook gloomy, on 
account of the agitation of the war then in progress, he 
lemoved to Rockport, Indiana, where he has ever since 
resided and pursued the practice of his chosen profes- 
sion. On his arrival, a smooth-faced boy of nineteen, 
lie found tlie Rockport bar filled to repletion with able 

and brilliant lawyers with an established reputation that 
gave them full sway over the legal practice, not only 
of their own county, but also of a large portion of 
Southern Indiana. This was decidedly a discouraging 
and gloomy prospect for the young lawyer, who was 
beardless, penniless, and an utter stranger. But un- 
daunted by these circumstances, which might well have 
appalled even a stouter heart, Mr. AVedding entered 
upon the practice of the law. Two lingering years of 
heart-sick waiting and deferred hope dragged their leaden 
hours by, and but little business or money came to 
cheer the lonely days or to realize the sanguine dreams 
of the daring youth. But 

"In the lexicon of youth, wiilch fate reserves 
For a bright manhood, there is no such word 
As fail." 

Disregarding all the disadvantages under which he 
labored, all the discouragements that cast a shadow 
over his path, and all the remonstrances of those 
who wished to do him a kindness, he persevered in his 
determination to succeed. At length fortune ceased her 
frowning and began to smile. Mr. Wedding, at the 
end of two years, received an invitation, with but a few 
days' notice, to deliver an oration at a Fourth of July 
celebration at his new home. In compliance with this 
solicitation, he found his first opportunity of distin- 
guishing himself before the people of the county, and 
of exhibiting to them the powers with which nature 
had endowed him. So creditably did he acquit him- 
self on that occasion that he succeeded in winning no 
small amount of attention, and as a consequence his 
business horizon soon began to brighten. It was the 
dawning of a new day for the young disciple of Black- 
stone. Opportunity after opportunity was now in rapid 
succession afibrded him to bring himself before the pub- 
lic view ; and each occasion only added honor to the 
growing fame of the young and rising lawyer. Cases 
of importance soon began to be intrusted to his care. 
A noted w-ill case, which had been refused by some of 
the best lawyers of the bar, was undertaken by Mr. 
Wedding, and was finally won by him, in defiance of 
some of the keenest legal talent of the state. This was 
soon followed by an important centered election case, 
in which he was pitted, single-handed, against almost 
the entire legal talent of the bar; in this case his sagac- 
ity and skill, as well as his eloquence, which frequently 
blazed forth in the ten days' trial, successfully defended 
the cause of his client, and established his own reputa- 
tion as a lawyer. From that lime liis practice rapidly 
and steadily improved, until in a few years he became 
recognized as one of the leading members of the Rock- 
port bar, as well as one among the finest and most reli- 
able lawyers of the southern jiortion of his state. His 
numerous cases and his successful practice in the Su- 
preme Court of Indiana and in the Federal Courts, 

7r ^r^^- 

1st Dist.] 



attest that his ability is recognized, and his skill appre- 
ciated abroad as well as at home. He has a powerful 
auxiliary in the practice of the law, and in the pursuit 
of legal learning, in the large and extensive law library 
with which his office is furnished, a part of the fruits 
of his toil. It comprises the reports of the Supreme 
Court of the United States and of several of the states, 
as well as a large selection of elementary works and text- 
books, containing over two thousand volumes. Polit- 
ically Mr. Wedding was opposed to secession, serving 
during the war in the state militia of Kentucky, while 
only sixteen years of age. He voted with the Republi- 
can party, and advocated their cause until 1S72, when, 
with the Liberals, he supported Greeley and Brown. 
He afterward took an active and important part in the 
canvass of 1876 in favor of Tilden and Hendricks, both 
in his own and neighboring states, and his powerful 
appeals in behalf of the cause he represented were 
doubtless the parents of many a Democratic vote. He 
has never been an office-holder or an office-seeker, and 
though in 1878 his name was favorably mentioned as a 
probable nominee for the office of attorney-general of 
the state of Indiana, he made no effort whatever to se- 
cure the nomination. As an orator Mr. Wedding ranks 
among the best speakers of his portion of the state. He 
made his first public speech in 1862 at a political meet- 
ing at Fordsville, Kentucky, and in his subsequent caieer 
he has often been called upon, on those occasions so fre- 
quent in the life of a lawyer, to give play to the powers 
of oratory which nature has bestowed upon him. If, as 
has been said, "oratory is the great art of persuasion," 
the successful practice of Mr. Wedding testifies that he 
possesses the gift in no ordinary degree. Its study 
seems to be his passion, almost his religion ; and viewing 
him as he is to-day, a fluent and an able speaker, though 
only a young man, if the carping critic should seize 
upon an occasional fault, we might say of him as was 
said of Charles Phillips, the eminent Irish orator, in his 
palmiest days, " His youth carries with it not only much 
excuse, but much promise of future improvement, and 
doubtless he will not neglect to apply the fruits of 
study and the lights of experience to each succeeding 
exertion." The laurels he has won in the forum are 
mingled with the roses that entwine about his private 
life. In 1866 he was married to Mary English, an esti- 
mable young lady of Rockport, and has dwelt uninter- 
ruptedly since that time in the sunlight of a happy 
home. His family now consists of his wife arid two 
little boys. In his private life he is sociable, hospita- 
ble, and generous; in his professional capacity he is of 
irreproachable integrity, and is zealous and energetic to 
an extraordinary degree, becoming almost vindictive on 
the trail of fraud or wrong. Although almost a veteran 
in the law, he is still studious and industrious. Nor 
does he confine his study to legal lore exclusively, for it is 

his delight to immure himself in the depths of his mag- 
nificent private miscellaneous library, and linger for 
hours in rapt converse with his favorites, the intel- 
lectual giants of all times. He is still a young man, 
being but thirty-three years of age, and no one can 
foretell whether his future pathway will bloom with the 
bright blossoms of joy and success, or lie in the somber 
shadow of the gloomy cypress. Already has he won many 
victories on life's battle-fields, and it is no extravagant 
flight of fancy to indulge in the prediction that many more 
of life's triumphs will yet be his, while still we see him 
"actively employing the summer of his life in gathering 
honors for his name and garlands for his grave." We are 
indebted for the above sketch to Mr. Elbert M. Swan, a 
member of the Rockport bar. Since the above was writ- 
ten, Mr. Wedding, seeking a wider field of action, has re- 
moved to Evansville. 

EST, VINCENT THARP, M. D., of Princeton, 
Indiana, was born in Clermont County, Ohio, 
fw'vj^ February l6, 1812. His education was obtained 
^^^ in the common school and at an academy at 
Augusta, Kentucky, after which he engaged in teaching. 
While doing this he also read medicine, and afterwards 
attended lectures at the Ohio Medical College, at Cin- 
cinnati. In the spring of 1839 he removed to Indiana, 
and settled in Pike County, near the present village of 
Union, and began as a physician, continuing in the oc- 
cupation there for some fourteen years, when, in 1853, 
he removed to Princeton, Gibson County, and has ever 
since been engaged in the general practice of medicine 
and surgery, being the oldest resident physician in that 
city and vicinity. In politics he was an old-line Whig, 
and is now a Republican, but has never held or sought 
for any public office. He was married, in 1842, to Miss 
Charity Robb, daughter of Hon. David Robb, who set- 
tled in Knox County, Indiana, in the year 1800, and 
was, during his life one of the most prominent men of 
that county. She died during the first year of marriage, 
and in 1845 Doctor West was united to her sister, Miss 
Cornelia Robb. Of this marriage three daughters were 
born, all of whom are now living. 

OJ ELBORN, JOSEPH F., of Mt. Vernon, was born 
in Guilford County, North Carolina, August 6, 
1818, and with his father's family emigrated to 
^■^ Mt. Vernon, Indiana, in 1833. His father was a 
wagon-maker, and worked at his trade at Mt. Vernon 
for five years after settling there. His circumstances 
did not admit of his giving his son more than a limited 
common school education. Joseph worked upon a small 
farm of his father's near Mt. Vernon, and at the age of 



\ist Dist. 

twenty-one engaged for himself in farming and stock- 
raising about ten miles north of Mt. Vernon, in the town- 
ship of Robinson, in both of wliich lie was very successful. 
He gave particular attention to the raising of hogs, hav- 
ing at one time over four hundred on his farm, and was 
especially interested in the improvement of the stock, 
securing the best breeds that could be obtained. In 
1856 he leased his farm and removed to Mt. Vernon, 
where he entered into partnership with the late W. J. 
Lowry. The firm engaged largely in grain and produce 
dealings, and carried on an extensive business in pork- 
packing, having packed as many as nine thousand hogs 
in a single year. About 1S62 Mr. E. T. Sullivan was 
admitted to the firm, which carried on a very extensive 
grain and produce business until after the close of the 
war. During a single year their transactions in corn 
alone amounted to four hundred and fifty thousand bush- 
els. This partnership continued till about 1872, and was 
a source of large profit to all of its members. After its 
dissolution, Mr. Welborn, in company with E. T. Sulli- 
van, C. A. Parke, and S. M. Leavenworth, organized 
the Mt. Vernon Banking Company, of which Mr. Wel- 
born was chosen president. The bank became very pop- 
ular, and did a flourishing business, Mr. Welborn re- 
maining at its head until 1877, when he sold out his in- 
terest. After retiring from the produce business, in 
1872, he devoted his energies more particularly to real 
estate transactions, buying, improving, and selling farms 
in Posey County. His homestead farm of three hundred 
and sixty acres is reputed to be one of the finest and 
most profitable in the state. By a system of tile-draining 
he has reclaimed a considerable amount of land in Posey 
County, and by the same means has so improved his 
farms that they are among the best and most fertile 
lands in Indiana. lie has now from fifteen to eighteen 
hundred acres in Posey County, most of which is of the 
very best kind, and this is but a portion of the amount 
lie has improved and brought under cultivation. With 
his activity in business affairs, Mr. Welborn has been 
one of the most public-spirited citizens of Posey County. 
He was mainly instrumental in the organization of the 
Mt. Vernon and Grayville Railroad Company, and was 
its president until it was consolidated with the Illinois 
and Chicago Railroad Company. In 1858 he was elected 
treasurer of Posey County, which ofiice he held for two 
years. In the fall of 1876 he was elected a member of 
the House of Representatives of the state Legislature, 
and served during the sessions of 1877 and 1878. Polit- 
ically he has always been a Democrat, strong in his con- 
victions. For fifteen years he was chairman of the 
county central committee; has been a delegate to nu- 
merous state conventions, and in 1864 was a member 
of the National Democratic Convention, held at Chicago, 
which nominated General McClellan for President. lie 
was married, in 1S44, to Mi^s Nancy Mills, whose father 

was one of the early settlers of Posey County, and at an 
early day held the offices of sheriff and treasurer for a 
number of years. Her brother, Felix Mills, was several 
times elected sheriff, and was well known and very pop- 
ular in the county. Having begun life a poor boy, with 
but a limited education, Mr. Welborn, by his own exer- 
tions, has not only become a wealthy citizen and a large 
land-owner, but has advanced the material interests and 
added to the productive wealth of the state. It has 
been said that he who makes two blades of grass grow 
where only one grew before is a public benefactor. 
Viewed in this light, Mr. Welborn, who has reclaimed 
valueless ground, and, by a system of draining, has 
more than doubled the fertility and value of other 
lands, is indeed deserving of the gratitude of his fel- 
low-men. He has also distinguished himself in business 
affairs as a man of good executive ability, able to man- 
age successfully enterprises that require more than ordi- 
nary acumen and tact, and has the universal respect of 
his fellow-citizens for honor and integrity in business 
transactions. At the age of sixty-one years he is well 
preserved, as alert and energetic as when in the prime 
of life. He bids fair to continue his activity for many 

fELBORN, OSCAR M., Princeton, Indiana, Judge 
of the Eleventh Judicial Circuit Court of the 
\^\Si state of Indiana, was born December 7, 1841, 
^Ti near Owensville, Gibson County, Indiana. He 
is a son of Samuel P. Welborn, a native of North Caro- 
lina, who settled in Indiana in 1833, and was a promi- 
nent farmer and citizen of Gibson County. Oscar M. 
Welborn received a high school education at Princeton, 
Indiana, and at the age of nineteen years commenced 
the study of law with Hon. A. C. Donald, one of the 
most prominent attorneys of Princeton. He then at- 
tended lectures, and graduated at the law school of 
Cleveland, Ohio, in 1863, when he returned to Prince- 
ton and was appointed clerk of the Circuit Court of the 
Gibson County Circuit, to fill a vacancy, holding the 
office some seven or eight months. He then entered 
upon the practice of law, in which he became quite 
successful, and took a prominent position among the 
younger members of the bar, securing in time a large 
business. He continued in practice until the year 1873, 
when he was appointed by Governor Hendricks to the 
office of Judge of the Eleventh Judicial Circuit of the state 
of Indiana, to fill a vacancy. In the fall of the same 
year he was elected to the same office for six years, and 
in 1878 was re-elected to serve for six years, from No- 
vember, 1879. He fulfilled the duties of his position for 
his first term very creditably to himself, and to the gen- 
erjil satisfaction of the community, as is evinced by the 
fact of his re-election. As a Judge he is conscientious 

1st Dist.] 



and forbearing, an industrious worker, and his decisions 
and rulings have been almost uniformly correct, and, 
when appealed, have been affirmed by the Supreme 
Court of the state. Though still a young man, he has 
already made a good reputation, both as a lawyer and 
jurist, among members of the bar who practice in his 
court, and is much esteemed and respected by the 
community in which he lives. In politics he is, and 
always has been, a Democrat. 

3ELLER, JACOB A., principal of the Evansville 
high school, was born in Butler County, Ohio, in 
1830. His father was a clergyman and a well-to- 
farmer, but not wealthy. His maternal grand- 
father was the first bishop of the United Brethren 
Church west of the Alleghany Mountains, and was 
noted for his fervor and zeal in the cause of religion. 
The bishop settled at an early day in Butler County, 
and reared a family of eleven children, nine of whom 
survive, and constitute, with their posterity, one of the 
most numerous and influential families of Southern 
Ohio. Jacob Zeller's ancestors were remarkable for 
longevity and sturdy character. His own parents were 
born in Pennsylvania, and he himself was reared on a 
farm and accustomed to hard labor. About thirty days 
of each year spared from work he spent at an old log 
school-house, where he acquired some knowledge of the 
rudiments of a common school education, and when but 
eighteen years of age was deemed by the neighbors and 
school directors amply qualified to take charge of his 
native district school, in place of an Irish pedagogue 
who had been dismissed in the middle of the term on 
account of his fiery disposition. In 1851 Mr. Zeller en- 
tered the preparatory department of the Miami Univer- 
sity, Oxford, Ohio, and graduated in a class of twenty- 
six, taking the degree of A. B. in the year 1856. In this 
class we note some prominent names, as Whitelaw Reid, 
of the New York THbune ; Professors Hutchinson and 
Rogers, of Monmouth University, Illinois, and others. 
Professor Zeller also read law, taught school two years, 
and graduated from the Cincinnati Law School. In 
1858 he returned to his native county, intending to 
practice law, but was turned aside by the late Civil 
War. After this he was superintendent of the Oxford 
schools, Ohio, for seven years, when he was appointed 
principal of the Evansville high school, in which, for 
the last nine years, he has done much to raise the 
standard of excellence, and has given it the name it so 
proudly bears throughout the state. Nine years ago 
(1870) he entered upon his duties under embarrassing 
circumstances. His predecessor was a man of ability 
and remarkable popularity, whose personal influence 
was sufficient to keep within bounds the disorderly ele- 

ments that surrounded him, but his ill-health, and sub- 
sequent retirement from his duties in the middle of the 
school year, resulted in demoralization; and a reorgan- 
ization, with somewhat new methods of discipline, was 
found to be necessary. It was fully realized by the 
superintendent and board that whoever undertook this 
work would encounter a serious risk of failure ; and Mr. 
Gow, then superintendent, undertook the selection of 
the new principal with deliberation and care. Those 
who are familiar with the history of the school since 
1870 know to what extent he was successful, and agree 
that, when he found Professor Zeller, in Oxford, Ohio, 
and placed him in charge, he did honor to his own 
judgment and conferred a lasting benefit upon the city._ 
Since his advent the school has enjoyed a reputation for 
discipline, thoroughness, and high character, second to 
none in the state, and all agree that these results are 
due to his efficiency. Professor Zeller, in 1871, grad- 
uated from the high school a class of nine pupils; he 
now (1S79) has an enrollment of two hundred and 
eighty, and graduated a class of forty-five. These pu- 
pils are then admitted on their diplomas to the state 
university of Indiana. As a citizen Professor Zeller 
stands well in the community in which he lives. He is 
genial, aff"able, and courteous, and, although wedded to 
his profession, is one of the few that would not be 
picked out as a teacher simply by his demeanor. He 
takes a high standing in regard to his duties to his pro- 
fession, his country, and his God. His mind, devel- 
oped by a comprehensive culture, makes him one of the 
intellectually strong men of his city, and pl.nces him in 
a high rank in his profession. 

Il^< EILMAN, WILLIAM, of Evansville, was born at 
Albig, in Rhenish Hesse, on the nth of Octo- 
ber, 1824. His father, Valentine Heilman, died 

(f^- when William was a year and a half old ; his 
mother then married Peter Weintz, and the family emi- 
grated to America, reaching New Orleans in 1843. 
They went to St. Louis, and shortly afterward removed 
to Indiana and settled in Posey County. William was now 
nineteen years old, and his first work in his new home 
was done on a farm, assisting his step-father. At that 
time all kinds of farm produce brought only a mere pit- 
tance, and as the work was hard William determined to 
seek a more profitable avocation. In 1847, wath Chris- 
tian Kratz, his brother-in-law, an experienced hand in 
the foundry business, he formed a copartnership and 
started a small foundry and machine shop in Evansville. 
Their foundry, a rudely constructed frame building, was 
on Pine Street. Each partner possessed a blind horse, 
which supplied the motive power. At first they manu- 
factured dog-irons, stoves, plows, etc., and employed but 



\^ist Dist. 

six hands. In 1850 they built a brick shop, and, with 
an engine and boiler of their own make, carried on the 
business on a more extensive scale. In 1854 they manu- 
factured the first "portable steam-engine," and in 1859 
their first thresher, patterned after the "Pitts machine." 
Their work now began to obtain great favor among the 
people, proving very effective and durable. Up to the 
beginning of the war the "City Foundry" was steadily 
on the increase, and orders came in from the whole 
country. During the war Mr. Heilraan took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, yet, nevertheless, the South 
patronized the foundry just as before, and indeed the 
firm was compelled to erect new buildings and employ 
more workmen to keep up with the demands of the 
trade. In 1864 Mr. Kratz withdrew, receiving for his 
interest one hundred thousand dollars. Since that time 
Mr. Heilman has conducted the business alone, and 
through his energy the buildings have grown into mas- 
sive proportions, now occupying nearly the whole block 
comprised within the space of First and Second, Pine 
and Ingle Streets. The present commodious salesroom 
was built in 1868, on the site of Mr. Heilman's former 
residence. He now lives in a very costly and beautiful 
mansion, situated on First Avenue, fronting on Iowa 
Street, with a park containing four acres. Not only as 
a business man does Mr. Heilman succeed, but he also 
takes rank with those who can be trusted in matters of 
great public importance. Notwithstanding the fact of 
his having been carrying on a business on an extensive 
scale, he found time to attend to public matters when- 
ever called upon. In 1852, as a citizens' candidate, he 
was elected councilman ; he filled the ofiice many times. 
From the time of its early inception Mr. Heilman has 
been a warm supporter of the Republican party. In 
1870 his party friends elected him as a Representative 
to the state Legislature. In 1872 he was nominated for 
their Congressional candidate, and, although the district 
was two thousand and five hundred Democratic, he was 
only beaten one hundred and twelve votes. In 1874, 
a year fraught with disastrous defeats for the Repub- 
licans, he again had the satisfaction of reducing his op- 
ponent's majority to a very insignificant number of votes. 
In 1876 Mr. Heilmau was elected from Vanderburg 
County as state Senator, and in 1878, whilst he was in 
Europe, the Republicans of the First Indiana Congres- 
sional District nominated him again as their standard- 
bearer. He accepted the honor thus tendered, returned 
after a short stay in his native land, and, eiitering into 
a vigorous and spirited canvass, was elected by a major- 
ity of nearly a thousand votes, the first Republican who 
had ever carried the district. His educational advan- 
tages were limited, as when young he was obliged to 
work on a farm. He never entered a school-house after 
he was thirteen and a half years old ; but by his indom- 
itable energy he has risen from a poor German boy, to 

whose difficulties was added the want of knowledge of 
the very language of the people amongst whom he had 
determined to find his future home. He 1 rose, not by 
fortune, favor, or chance, but by his own persevering 
will, keen foresight, and prudent management of his 
business, to prominence as one of the most successful 
business men in the county. It is safe to assert that 
the enterprise and genius of Mr. Heilman have done 
more to advance and foster the commercial prosperity 
of the state of Indiana, and more particularly the city 
of Evansville, than any other man has been able to do 
for them. The cotton mill at Evansville, of which he 
is also president, owes its existence to his energy and 
sagacity in financial investments. It is one of the largest 
and most complete in the United States, manufactures 
daily twenty-five thousand yards of standard sheeting 
and drills, and consumes annually about seven thousand 
bales of cotton. Its capacity will soon be increased to 
forty thousand yards daily, and the quality of the goods 
fully equals the best made in this country and Europe. 
He also owns the controlling interest in the Gas Works, 
and is director of the Evansville National Bank, Evans- 
ville and Terre Haute and other railroads leading into 
Evansville. In 1848 Mr. Heilman married Miss Mary 
Jenner. Their union was blessed with nine children. 
When Mr. Heilman took his seat in Congress, during 
the extra session in 1879, he soon found an opportunity 
to show his sterling qualities as a business man. The 
preceding session had been taken taken up by the Dem- 
ocratic majority with fruitless efforts to manufacture 
political capital, and as a consequence they had neg- 
lected to provide the means to carry on the government. 
To avoid a standstill in that ponderous machinery which 
conducts the public business of the country, the Pres- 
ident was compelled to call an extra session of Congress, 
in order to obtain the necessary appropriation. But 
Congress had no sooner assembled than a torrent of 
new bills and proposed measures poured in upon it. 
Every member, almost, had some pet project to advo- 
cate and bring to a passage. Notable amongst them 
were the large number of financial measures, not a few 
of which had for their object the most unscrupulous 
use of the government's authority to increase its indebt- 
edness by means of paper money issued in unlimited 
quantities, or the unlimited coinnge of an inferior de- 
preciated silver dollar. Mr. Heilman, however, had 
been an apt pupil in the practical school of life; as in 
private transactions, so he insisted in public place that 
honesty is always the best policy, and vigorously op- 
posed all measures that would have impaired the credit 
of the country, which was just then showing healthy 
signs of an increased confidence at home and abroad. 
His business training asserted itself especially in the 
remarks made by him upon the floor of the House of 
Representatives, pending the consideration of Mr. War- 

I si Dtsl.] 




ner's coinage bill, which intended to permit the owners of 
silver in bullion to have it coined into standard dollars, 
by which process they would have been enriched to the 
amount of fifteen cents on every dollar, at the expense 
of the people, the standard dollar representing then but 
eighty-five cents in bullion. "By far the best" (said 
Mr. Heilman at the very outset) " that we can do for 
the good of the country at the present time and under 
existing circumstances is to do nothing but pass the appro- 
priation bills and go home." While others indulged in 
oratorical display, Mr. Heilman spoke like a plain, sim- 
ple business man for the true interests of the people. 
He wanted Congress to provide for the United States 
courts, the marshals and jurors, the diplomatic and con- 
sular service, the protection of its citizens and their 
rights and commercial interests at home and abroad, the 
administration of the government by the executive de- 
partments at Washington, and, having performed this 
duty imposed upon it by the Constitution, he wanted 
Congress to adjourn and let the individual members 
take care of their private business, just as he was anxious 
to do in his own case. Nevertheless, it need hardly be 
said that Mr. Heilman, at the same time, was not un- 
mindful of other needs of the country. Keen foresight 
and watchful study of public affairs had convinced him, 
however, that the success of the important measure of 
resumption, which had then stood the test of but a few 

months, required nothing more than absolute non-inter- 
ference by Congress with the financial policy of the ad- 
ministration. He thus expressed these views in the 
course of his remarks above referred to: 

" I am strongly in favor of practical, well-considered 
legislation to benefit the manufacturing and agricultural 
interests, to increase our commerce and our wealth; but 
by all means let us also have some stability, especially 
in our financial legislation. The condition of the coun- 
try is at last surely getting better, although it may be 
slowly, and what commerce and the finances want just 
now more than any thing else is to be let alone." 

And then returning to the subject under consideration, 
like the trusty teller of a bank, whose experienced hand 
rejects the spurious coin at the very touch, he exclaimed, 
when closing his remarks amid general laughter and 
applause, "This bill is a cheat — nothing else." From 
these instances, and his splendid record as a member of 
the national legislature in other respects, his constitu- 
ents have now learned to look upon him as his fellow- 
members do, who consider him one of the best bTlsiness 
legislators in the present Congress. He speaks seldom, 
but when he does every word is to the point. His 
views are practical and his advice is sound. Command- 
ing the respect of all parties, his influence in and out of 
Congress has steadily increased at Washington, enabling 
him to render his constituents signal service where oth- 
ers before him would have failed. 


Second Congressional District. 


LBERT, JOHN C, capitalist, of Paoli, Indiana, 
jffV" was born in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, 
f£f' March 5, 1818, and was the second son of Peter 
and Fannie (Breneman) Albert. His father was 
a farmer, and his ancestors on his mother's side were 
among the wealthy families of Pennsylvania. His par- 
ents removed to Wayne County, Ohio, in 1819, and 
while a lad he attended school a few terms. He has 
since acquired a fair English education by his own exer- 
tion. At the age of fourteen he was thrown upon his 
own resources by the death of his father and the subse- 
quent marriage of his mother, and he apprenticed him- 
self to the tailor's trade, serving five years. When nine- 
teen years of age he removed West, and, settling at 
Paoli, opened a shop, which he carried on for five years. 
At the end of that time, owing to failing health, he was 
compelled to abandon this occupation, and began to 
deal in real estate. In this business he has since been 
engaged, extending his operations all over the West, 
and meeting with uniform success in all his transactions. 
In 1858 he commenced to build, and among his noted 
edifices was the Albert House, which was one of the 
best hotel buildings in the state. He erected many 
residences and improved others. In 1868 he made the 
Republican race for auditor, and was defeated by only 
forty votes, the county giving a usual Democratic ma- 
jority of six hundred. In 1864 he was appointed by 
President Lincoln as internal revenue collector of the 
First Indiana District, but was not confirmed by the 
Senate, owing to Democratic opposition. In February, 
1870, he suffered the loss of his hotel by fire, the de- 
struction proving greatly detrimental to the town of 
Paoli. In 1853 he was elected treasurer of Orange 
County, and was re-elected in 1855 without opposition. 
In 1865 he was chosen cashier of the Bank of Paoli, a 
bank of issue and deposit, which position he held until 
its affairs were wound up in 1872. In politics he was 
for many years a Democrat, but in i86l joined the Re- 

publican party, and, being an active member of that 
organization, was a delegate in the National Convention 
at Chicago which nominated General Grant. He has 
many times been urged to run as a candidate for state 
Treasurer, but has always declined. Mr. Albert is now 
a member of the National parly, and in 1876 he cast 
the solitary vote in Paoli for Peter Cooper. He was 
married, October 7, 1841, to Ellen McVey, of Paoli, 
daughter of the county recorder, by whom he has 
had four children, John C, captain in the 67th Ohio, 
was killed at the storming of Fort Wagner, South 
Carolina, July 18, 1863; James M. died, in 1865, from 
disease contracted while in the army; Mary married 
N. V. Huddess, a farmer in Kansas ; Dessie F. married 
George Buskirk, an attorney of Paoli, Indiana. Mr. 
Albert lost his wife in 1872. He has done more to im- 
prove Paoli and Orange County than any other of her 
citizens, and many of the fine buildings in Paoli, whose 
erection is due to his energy, would be fit ornaments to 
streets of a large city. As an honest and upright citi- 
zen and gentleman, he is well known all over Indiana. 

RMSTRONG, WILLIAM B. C, attorney-at-law, 
^^ of Washington, was born in Knox County, In- 
diana, January 17, 1849, and is a son of John F. 
xc) and Eliza (McCord) Armstrong. During his boy- 
hood he attended the common schools and worked on 
his father's farm. At the age of twenty he entered the 
State University at Bloomington, Indiana, and graduated 
in 1872, also graduating in the law department. He 
immediately went to Evansville, where he spent two 
years in the offices of General J. M. Shackleford and S. 
R. Hornbrook. In the summer of 1874 he removed to 
Washington, Indiana, and commenced the practice of 
his profession. By strict attention to business, sterling 
integrity, and gentlemanly manners, he has succeeded in 


\2d Dist. 

building up a good practice, and is the legal adviser of 
several wealthy men of the city and county. In pol- 
itics Mr. Armstrong is a Republican. He is an active 
worker, a member of the slate central committee, and 
at present chairman of the county central committee. 
He was brought up in the Presbyterian faith. January 
31, 1876, he married Alice Kercheval, daughter of a 
banker of Rockport, Indiana. Mr. Armstrong is a young 
lawyer who is fast winning his way to a prominent posi- 
tion at the Indiana bar, and is known and respected by 
the community in which he lives as a useful, honorable 

^f;),'ARTLETT, THOMAS, merchant, of Edwards- 
jM P°'''' Knox County, was born in Johnson County, 
^TT Indiana, January 13, 1835. He is a son of George 
Ksf^ P. and Fannie Bartlett, who formerly lived near 
Louisville, Kentucky, but came to Indiana about 1825, 
and located on a farm in the above-named county. 
When Thomas was but two years old his father removed 
to Morgan County, where they remained for five years, 
and then moved again to Monroe County. In the rude 
log school-houses of Morgan and Monroe Counties, all 
tlie early education of Mr. Bartlett was received. This, 
of course, was very rudimentary and imperfect. And 
these facilities, meager as they were, were accessible for 
but a few short weeks in the winter. All suitable 
weather for out-door work was occupied in the most 
exhaustive manual labor; clearing the forests, and pre- 
paring and tilling the soil. In 185 1 his father removed 
to Fayette County, Illinois, where he soon after died. 
Thomas, however, remained until 1857, when, at the 
age of twenty-two, he came to Edwardsport, where, 
with little exception, he has ever since lived. Immedi- 
ately on his arrival in his newly adopted home, he be- 
gan an apprenticeship at smithing, with Mr. Murphy. 
He then formed a partnership in the same business 
with William Hollingsworth. This connection con- 
tinued without change for three years; when they pur- 
chased a saw-mill, carrying it on until the spring of 
1861, then selling out, and by mutual consent sepa- 
rating. After this Mr. Bartlett removed to a farm near 
the town, where he engaged in agricultural pursuits till 
1865. In that year he went back to Edwardsport and 
began mercantile life again, in which he has continued 
ever since. He joined the Independent Order of Odd- 
fellows in 1S67, and the Independent Order of Good 
Templars in 1865. He has held all the offices in the 
subordinate lodge, several times representing that body 
in the Grand Lodge, and always with credit to him- 
self and benefit to the society. He is a faithful and 
consistent member of the Christian Church — having 
joined it in 1854. He is a steadfast Democrat, having 
cast his first vote for James Buchanan in 1856. March 

18, 1S60, he was married to Miss Mary J. Killion, who 
is a daughter of David and Mary M. Killion. He is the 
father of eight children, seven of whom are living. Mr. 
Bartlett's career has been one of uniform success, though 
unattended with noise or boasting. As a business man 
he is cool and calculating. He makes few advances 
and less ventures. His plans are always well laid, and 
quietly but carefully carried into effect. He now occu- 
pies a large, handsome store of his own, and is slowly 
but surely amassing a fortune. As a citizen he always 
stands ready to aid and encourage every worthy enter- 
prise. In all his business transactions with the world, 
none have ever accused him of a mean or dishonest act. 
His integrity has always been above reproach, and, as a 
result, he enjoys the fullest confidence of the entire 
community. Ilis business career knows no stigma; his 
moral character is without blemish; and to posterity he 
will leave a character worthy the emulation of the 
wisest and best of mankind. 

fAXTER, JAMES R., attorney-at-law, Bloomfield, 
Greene County, Indiana, was born in Jefferson 
County, Indiana, on the 25th of November, 1832. 
fe'^ He is the son of William and Jane Baxter; his 
father was of Irish lineage, and his mother Scotch. He 
was educated in the common schools of Jefferson County 
until sixteen years old, when he entered Asbury Uni- 
versity, at Greencastle, Indiana, where he graduated 
in 1855. His early life was spent on a farm. In 
the year 1853 he taught a term of school in Jefferson 
County, and afterward five months at Dupont in the 
same county, as principal of the school. In 1857 he 
removed to Greene County and was elected principal of 
the Bloomfield high school, remaining in charge for the 
next five years, all the time reading law with a view 
of making that his profession. At the expiration of 
his engagement as principal of the Bloomfield schools 
he opened a law office in the county seat of Greene 
County, and began jnactice, and he is still so employed. 
He was trustee of Richland Township from 1863 to 
1868, and was the Republican candidate for clerk of 
Greene County in 1862, and defeated. In 1872 Mr. 
Baxter was the Republican candidate for Representative 
to the state Legislature, being beaten by a small major- 
ity. In 1876 he was again the nominee of his party for 
the same office, and elected, serving in the regular and 
special sessions of 1876-7 as a member of the Commit- 
tees on the Judiciary and on Engrossed Bills, and was 
chairman of the Committee on Corporations. In 1878 
he was again a candidate for the Legislature, but was 
beaten by Hon. Andrew Humphreys. Mr. Baxter joined 
the Methodist Episcopal Church when but fifteen years 
old, and is still a member. In politics he was originally 

2d Dist.\ 


a Whig, but has been a steadfast Republican ever since 
the organization of that party. He was married, Octo- 
ber 27, 1S63, to Miss Frances F. Taylor, his present 
companion. He is the father of three children, and 
has a happy home. Mr. Baxter has always been iden- 
tified with the public movements of his town and 
county, and is public-spirited and active in every thing 
of a progressive character. He is one of the prominent 
citizens of Greene County, and stands well with his 

I LAND, THOMAS A., M. D., was born at Bloom- 
field, Greene County, Indiana, May 21, 1830. His 
father, Thomas Bland, a native of North Carolina, 
was a pioneer. He came the year after Indiana 
was admitted to the sisterhood of states, and, building 
a cabin and opening a farm, he laid the foundations of 
a home near where Bloomfield was afterwards laid out. 
He sold this farm in 1 850, and removed to Central Illi- 
nois, where he died in 1862. Thomas A. Bland was 
bred a farmer, with no facilities for an education save 
those furnished by the county schools of that day. He 
was a hard student, and made the most of his opportu- 
nities. His taste for reading was so great that he pe- 
rused all the books he could beg or borrow. Hon. S. 
R. Cairns, Hon. Hugh T. I^ivingstone, and Captain 
(afterwards General) L. H. Rousseau, and other prominent 
friends of his father in the village, freely opened their 
libraries to him; and thus, without a teacher, he acquired 
a good English education and some knowledge of law. 
At the age of twenty-two he won and wedded Miss 
Mary Cornelia Davi.s, of Hitesville, Illinois, with whom 
he has lived for almost thirty years, and who is as well 
known in literary circles and to the reading and lecture- 
going public as her husband. He chose medicine as his 
profession, graduating at the Eclectic College, of Cin- 
cinnati. But on coming out of the army, where he had 
rendered good service as a surgeon, he became editor 
of the Home Visitor., a literary weekly, published at 
Indianapolis; his wife, M. Cora Bland, becoming his 
associate editor. This was in 1864. In 1865 he estab- 
lished the Nortkwestem Farmer, which, after he sold it, 
in 1871, w-as changed in name to the Indiana Fartner. 
Mrs. Bland was associate editor of this until 1868, when 
she established a magazine, the Ladic's' Own. In 1870 
Doctor Bland's first book was published by Loring, of 
Boston, under the title of "Farming as a Profession," 
and sold an edition of ten thousand copies in a year. 
In April, 1872, the Doctor and his wife removed to 
Chicago, where she continued to conduct her magazine, 
and he took the editorship of the Scientific Farmer. Two 
years later they removed the magazine to New York, the 
Doctor assuming the editorship of the Farm and Fireside. 
He also began the preparation of a larr^e work, now 
A— 6 

I almost ready for the press, which he proposes to bring 
I out under the title of "The Great Thinkers." In 1875 
he assisted in writing a special "History of New Eng- 
land," for the publishers, Vanslyke & Co., of Boston. 
His "Life of General B. F. Butler" was issued by Lee 
& Shepard, of Boston, in 1^9, and at once proved a 
success. Doctor Bland located permanently in Wash- 
ington, D. C, in 1S78, with a view to devoting his 
life to literature and politics. His wife, having grad- 
uated in medicine, is making a specialty of scientific 
health reform. She has been twice elected presi- 
dent of the Woman's National Health Association. 
As characteristic of the devotion of this noble-hearted 
woman to any cause she deems just, it were well to cite 
the fact that, when Colonel A. B. Meacham lay helpless 
and paralyzed from the effects of a dozen bullets, this 
heroine watched over the despairing invalid for one 
hundred and fifty long, weary days and nights, until at 
last the brain became clear, the nerves composed, circu- 
lation equalized, and the whole system of the victim of 
Modoc bullets regulated. Then Doctor Bland, with his 
heart alive to the Indian cause, started out in this field, 
as a co-worker with his wife in restoring her patient 
and working for humanity. Nearly four hundred cities 
and towns in New England, New York, New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, and Illinois 
were visited by this trio of workers; Doctor A. T. 
Bland making the appointments and managing the busi- 
ness, "the patient" pleading for justice toward the In- 
dian as a solution of the problem, Mrs. Doctor Bland 
devoting herself to the restoration of her patient and to 
lecturing upon the various branches of her profession. 
Since their removal to Washington they have already 
gathered around them a host of warm-hearted friends. 
Mrs. Doctor Bland has given a course of lectures upon 
physical subjects and health, chiefly to ladies, whose 
appreciation of her ability and culture as a true woman, 
and a scientific teacher and physician, has been mani- 
fested by liberal patronage and voluntary resolutions 
highly complimentary. Their weekly receptions are 
among the most delightful social gatherings to be found 
in that charming city. In religion Doctor Bland and 
his wife are Unitarians of the liberal type. His political 
views are those of the Conservative Nationals. He was 
brought up a Democrat, but in 1856 and i860 he did 
good service for the Republican party. He is now 
recognized as one of the ablest champions of the prin- 
ciples of the new party. His letters and essays on 
finance are extensively circulated and widely read, and 
regarded as standard by financial reformers. As a 
writer he ranks among the most forcible, logical, and 
graceful, and as an orator he is convincing, eloquent 
and pleasing. He is a good specimen of the class to 
which he belongs — " self-made men." His career proves 
that talent, combined with energy and a laudable ambi- 


[2d DisL 

tion, rises superior to any condition in life, and is 
able to compel success from circumstances however un- 

— =~««-o — 

liREEN, JOHN N., merchant, of Loogootee, Indi- 
ana, was born in the county of Wexford, Ireland, 
March 9, 1830, and emigrated to the United 
States in the autumn of 1848, having previously 
received a good English education. He settled in the 
city of Louisville, where he was employed in the whole- 
sale grocery house of John Hayes, now an old, wealthy, 
retired merchant of that city. In 1850 he removed to 
Washington, Daviess County, Indiana, and became en- 
gaged as clerk for Mr. James Campbell, a leading mer- 
chant there. In the year 1857 he formed a partnership 
with Mr. Campbell, for the purpose of carrying on a 
general store in Loogootee, to which place he removed. 
Mr. Campbell died in i860, but had previously trans- 
ferred his interest in the business to his son, James C. 
Campbell, the firm name still remaining Campbell & 
Breen. They are carrying a large stock, and are the 
leading firm of Loogootee. Mr. Breen is also the pres- 
ident of the National Bank of Washington ; and the 
citizens of that place, in speaking of him, say that he 
is a gentleman, and one of the most liberal men in 
Martin County. In political matters he votes the Dem- 
ocratic state ticket ; but in local elections casts his ballot 
for the man best qualified to fill the position. He is a 
member of the Church of Rome. October II, 1865, 
he was married to Mary J., daughter of James Camp- 
bell, of Washington, Indiana. They have six children 

^Melding, Stephen, editor and proprietor of 

Hlrt the Daviess County Democrat, was born in Wash- 
^^^ ington, Indiana, November 21, 1841, and is the 

ti^ youngest of the ten children of Stephen and Eliz- 
abeth (Clenny) Belding. His father was a shoemaker 
by trade, and during the latter part of his life was a 
boot and shoe merchant. His grandfather Clenny was 
a soldier in the war for independence. At the age of 
twelve, Stephen Belding began to learn the trade of a 
printer in Washington, and, after serving his apprentice- 
ship, worked at the trade until the year 1859. He then 
entered the State University at Bloomington, where he 
remained two years. Since that time he has continued 
his studies, and by his energy and industry has acquired 
a fair English education. In 1861 he purchased the 
Martin County Herald, which he published at Dover 
Hill until 1863, after which he worked for some time 
on the Evansville yo«r«(7/. He then went to Cincinnati 
and was employed on the Commercial until the fall of 
1867, when he went back to Washington, Indiana, and. 

in connection with Mr. J. H. Palmer, organized a joint- 
stock company which started the Daviess County Demo- 
crai. At the end of six months, however, Mr. Belding 
bought the interest of Mr. Palmer and the rest of the 
stockholders, and has sinee been sole proprietor. The 
paper is, and has been, the Democratic organ of the 
county; and, owing to the ability, energy, and industry 
of Mr. Belding, it has acquired an extensive circulation. 
It is noted for its able discussion of the principal events 
transpiring in the political arena, and as a faithful 
chronicler of all important matters occurring through- 
out the world. In politics he is a Democrat, and is 
regarded as one of the leaders of the party in his county 
and district. On several occasions he has been chairman 
of the central committee. He attends the Presbyterian 
Church. January 22, 1872, he married Miss Cora 
White, of Washington. Mr. Belding has been closely 
identified with the growth and prosperity of Washing- 
ton. He has always taken an active part in the educa- 
tional institutions of the town and county, has been for 
some time a member of the school board, and has always 
devoted considerable space in his paper to educational 
matters. He has a great many friends in the county, 
and is every-where known as a clever, courteous, and 
genial gentleman. 

— >-««»^ — 

URKE, JUDGE MICHAEL F., deceased, late of 

f Washington, Indiana, was born in the county 
of Limerick, Ireland, March 10, 1829, and emi- 
Kri-i grated to America in 1848. Previous to his em- 
igration he had acquired a classical education, and 
immediately on his arrival in America he settled in 
Washington, Indiana, and commenced the study of law. 
He entered the State University at Bloomington, Indi- 
ana, and took a course of lectures, teaching school dur- 
ing the vacations, and graduated in 1851. Returning 
to Washington, he began practice, which he continued 
with great success, and was elected Judge of the Circuit 
Court, which position he still held at the time of his 
death. In politics he was a Democrat, and was an 
acknowledged leader of that party in the county and 
district in which he resided. In religious matters he 
lived and died a firm believer in the Church of Rome. 
He was married, February 7, 1854, to Miss Honora 
Brett, daughter of Hon. P. M. Brett, a wealthy farmer 
of Washington. They had five children, of whom one 
son and a daughter are now living. The eldest son, 
Matthew F., born December 8, 1855, attended the com- 
mon schools while young, and entered the St. Louis 
University in 1869, from which he graduated in 1874, 
with the degree of A. B. In 1875 he taught school, 
and in 1876 acted as deputy county clerk. In the fall 
of the same year he joined the Indiana State University 
at Bloomington, graduating in the spring of 1877, since 


2d Dist.\ 


which time he has been practicing his profession. In 
politics he is a Democrat, and in religion is a Catholic. 
Catherine resides at home, with her mother, on the old 
homestead. Judge Burke was noted in the state as be- 
ing one of the most thorough and intellectual lawyers 
at the Indiana bar. lie was a hard student, and, owing 
to his practical and thorough acquaintance with the 
writings of all eminent lawyers, was enabled to unravel 
and make plain the most intricate legal questions. 
During his life he was known as an honest, upright 
Judge, and a genial, courteous gentleman ; and his 
death was mourned by a large circle of friends to whom 
he had become endeared. 

fURNET, STEPHEN S., lumber merchant, of Vin- 
cennes, Indiana, was born April 8, 1834, near 
Cleveland, Ohio, and is a son of Stephen and Lo- 
myra (Gardiner) Burnet. His father was a minister 
of the Christian Church. Having settled in Vincennes in 
1852, taken a very active part in the affairs of the uni- 
versity, carried on a large nursery, and done much to 
improve the fruit of the country, Stephen S. Burnet is 
considered one of the leading men of that city. He at- 
tended the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute, Hiram, 
Portage County, Ohio, entering in 1853 and remaining 
one year. Previous to this time he traveled for his 
father through Indiana and Illinois, selling patent med- 
icine. On leaving school he spent some time on the 
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad during its construction, 
and afterwards was in the lead mines of Missouri for 
two years. In the winter of 1S60 he removed to Vin- 
cennes, where he engaged in farming for two seasons. 
In 1862 he went to Nashville, and opened a wholesale 
liquor and sutler's supply store. Selling out in the 
winter of 1865, he returned to Vincennes and engaged 
in trading until 1866, when he removed to Paducah, 
Kentucky, and opened a wholesale liquor store. This 
he continued until the fall of 1S67, when he again re- 
turned to Vincennes, and purchased' an interest in a fur- 
niture manufactory and planing mill. In 1870 he 
bought out his partner's interest and went into the lum- 
ber trade, continuing the planing mills. His present 
associate is Thomas Eastham, and the firm name is S. 
S. Burnet & Co. It is regarded as a leading one in 
that city. They are carrying a large stock of lumber, 
and their mill is constantly running. Mr. Burnet is 
known as a man of sterling integrity. He has been 
closely identified with the growth and prosperity of Vin- 
cennes. He was brought up in the Christian faith, but 
is now a freethinker. In politics he is neutral, voting 
invariably for the man in his opinion best qualified to 
fill the position. In October, 1868, he married Kate 
Nance, an orphan. 

Ho geon, Mit 


GEORGE W., M. D., physician and sur- 
tchell, Lawrence County, Indiana, was 
^ r, born in that county, July 22, 1836. He is the son 
^Gj of Hardin (and Lucy) Burton, one of the pioneer 
Baptist ministers of the state, who settled in Indiana in 
1826. The Doctor is one of a numerous and illustrious 
family, descended from John P. Burton, who was born 
in Virginia, July, 1758, and whose grandfather came to 
America from England in 1730, and settled in the vicin- 
ity of Richmond, Virginia. Plis descendants are scat- 
tered in various states, a large portion of them residing 
in Lawrence County. The family is considered to be 
the largest in Indiana, if not in the whole Union, being 
found in nearly all the various callings in life. They 
are represented in all the professions, from the pulpit to 
the school-room ; in civil offices, from road supervisor to 
governor; in the military, from corporal to major-gen- 
eral. In religion they are principally Baptists, and are 
honorably represented in all the benevolent institutions. 
A majority of them are Masons. Most of the voters are 
Democrats. They are remarkable as a sociable, peace- 
able, and respectable family, and the ladies are especially 
noted for their beauty and attainments. Its members 
hasten to marry and bring up large families, and all seem 
to do well in life. We find no less than eighteen diflTer- 
ent towns bearing the name, scattered in twelve differ- 
ent states, and the aggregate population is estimated at 
seventeen thousand. They have a regularly organized 
society, known as the "Burton Family Reunion Associ- 
ation," of which the subject of our sketch was the pro- 
jector, and is chairman and secretary. As a people, 
they are of marked characteristics. Noted for their out- 
spoken honesty, morality, frugality, and generous hos- 
pitality, no more honorable name is known throughout 
the state. George W. Burton received a good, thorough 
common school education, graduating from the high 
school in 1852. In 1853 he took a commercial course. 
On finishing his education he was employed on the staff 
of civil engineers in the construction of the Ohio and 
Mississippi Railroad, on the completion of which he 
commenced the study of medicine with'Doctor Thomp- 
son, alternating teaching school for some three years. In 
the fall of 1857 he attended his first course of lectures at 
Iowa State University. He then settled in Illinois in 
the practice of his chosen profession, but shortly after he 
took a partial course in the McDowell Medical College, 
St. Louis. On the breaking out of the war he entered 
the 5th Missouri, under General Henderson, where he 
served until ill-health compelled him to resign, return- 
ing to Indiana in the spring of 1862, and locating at 
Huron, Lawrence County, where he practiced until Au- 
gust of the same year, when he again entered the army, 
in the 17th Indiana Volunteers, serving in the line and 
on the medical staff" alternately until the spring of 1863, 
when he was again compelled to retire on account of ill- 


\_2d Dist. 

health, being unfit for duty. He immediately returned 
to his home and practice. On the last call for volun- 
teers, in December, 1864, he raised Company D, l4Sth 
Indiana Volunteers, of which he was appointed captain, 
and also served as assistant surgeon and afterward as 
acting surgeon of the regiment continued to do so until 
Lee's surrender, when he once more returned to his 
home. In 1873, his father dying, he removed to Milch- 
ell, where he has remained ever since, in the enjoy- 
ment of a large and successful business, being acknowl- 
edged one of the leading physicians of the county. 
The Doctor is active, popular, and successful. lie is 
prominent in all the various medical organizations of 
the state. He is eminent in his profession, noble and 
pure in his character, and a man of rare attainments. 
He is honored, respected, and beloved. Doctor Burton 
is gifted with a fine intellect, and blessed with good 
physical powers. He joined the Lawrence County Med- 
ical Society on its organization in 1862. He with his 
partner at that time, Doctor H. L. Kimberly, was 
the originator of the Mitchell District Medical So- 
ciety, which was organized in 1874 — the first medical 
society of Southern Indiana. He was sent as the first 
delegate of this society to the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, which was held in Detroil, Michigan, in 1874. 
In 1875 he took the degree of Doctor of Medicine at 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Indianapolis. 
In 1875, with a number of gentlemen of the Wabash 
Valley, he organized the Tri-state Medical Society of 
Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky, and was at the time 
made its secretary, continuing as such ever since. In 
1875 he was made a member of the Indiana State 
Health Commission, and in 1877 took a degree at the 
Hospital Medical College at Louisville. He is an hon- 
orary member of the South-western Kentucky Medical 
Association, and also of those of Jackson and Orange 
Counties. He was one of the originators of the South 
Central and Normal School at Mitchell, Indiana, of 
which he is one of the trustees and most active mem- 
bers, an institution that bids fair to rank among the 
highest in the state. In 1866 he became a Mason, 
having passed the several degrees; in 1869 he became a 
member of the Grand Lodge, in 1872 of the Royal 
Arch, and in 1S77 of the CounciL He has been a 
member of the town council of Mitchell, and is examin- 
ing surgeon for pensions. In religion he is a Baptist, and 
is a member of the First Baptist Church, having joined 
it in 1866. He is a Republican, although of a Demo- 
cratic family. He married, March I, 1857, Ilattie C. 
Campbell, a most estimable lady, daughter of Dougal 
Campbell, of Illinois, a descendant from the old Dougal 
Campbell family of Scotland. They have four daugh- 
ters, now attending school. Such is the brief record of 
Dr. George W. Burton, one of the younger members of 
a most remarkable family. 

fVNUiM, WILLIAM D., mayor of Washington, 
Indiana, was born near Newberry, Greene County, 
Indiana, June 26, 1846, and is a son of Daniel 
(i.Gi, A. and Mary (Hinds) Bynum. His father was a 
merchant, and at one time treasurer of Greene County; 
he emigrated with his father from North Carolina at an 
early date. The family is extensive in the southern 
states and has been very prominent. One member was 
a Representative in Congress; and another, Judge of 
the Supreme Court of the state of North Carolina. 
William D. Bynum attended the common schools until 
April, 1866, when he entered the State University at 
Bloomington, Indiana, graduating in 1869. During his va- 
cations he was his father's assistant in the treasurer's of- 
fice. After graduating he entered the office of Hon. 
William Mack, of Terre Haute, and began the study 
of law. He was admitted to practice at the county bar 
in 1869, on motion of Hon. William E. McLane, of 
Terre Haute, Indiana, and to the Supreme Court of 
the state in January, 1879, on motion of Hon. John H. 
O'Niel, of Washington, Indiana. In November, 1869, 
he removed to Washington and began the practice of 
his profession, which he still continues. He was elected 
town attorney in 1870, and in 1872 was chosen city at- 
torney. This position he held until 1875, when he was 
elected mayor, and re-elected in 1877. In January, 
1875, ^^ "'^^ appointed by Governor Hendricks as a 
member of the board of trustees of the State Normal 
School, and held the position until June; he then re- 
signed, and Judge W. E. Niblack was appointed to fill 
the vacancy. In politics Mr. Bynum has always been 
a Democrat, and is one of the leaders of the Democ- 
racy of Daviess County. He was assistant secretary of 
the Democratic state convention in 1874 ; chairman 
of the Second District congressional committee from 
1874 to 1876; a member of the committee on resolu- 
tions in the 8th of January convention at Indianapolis 
m 1S77; a member of the committee on resolutions of 
the Democratic state convention in 1878; and in 1876 
was the Democratic elector for the Second Congres- 
sional District. H* canvassed several counties for the 
party in 1876, and in 1878 was appointed by the Demo- 
cratic state central committee to canvass the state in the 
interest of that party. October 4, 1871, he was married 
to Rachel Dixson, of Henderson County, Illinois. In 
1S79 he delivered the address to the alumni of the State 
University at Bloomington. He takes a warm interest 
in higher education, and believes that there is no reason 
why Indiana should not support a college in which as 
thorough education can be given as in Harvard or Yale, 
or in any university of the globe. He is a gentleman 
upon whom the citizens of Washington place great reli- 
ance. He is highly respected by all classes of the com- 
munity, and is fast winning a way to prominence at 
the bar. 



2d DisL] 


.5|ii and surgeon, of Loogootee, Indiana, was born in 
Iredell County, North Carolina, October 27, 1828, 
55 and is the son of Milton and Margaret (Sinith) 
Campbell. His father was a farmer, also colonel of 
militia, county surveyor, and one of the five magistrates. 
John Campbell attended the academies of the vicinity 
and assisted his father on the farm. In the fall of 1852 
he started for Missouri, and on the journey visited Martin 
County, Indiana, to see some relatives. From his child- 
hood he had a great desire to relieve the sufferings of 
others, and at an early age induced his father to buy him 
some medical books. These he began to study, and after 
his visit to Martin County was urged to attend lectures at 
the Louisville University Medical College, which he did 
in 1852 and 1853. In the spring of the latter year he set- 
tled at Mt. Pleasant, and commenced the practice of 
medicine, which he has continued ever since in Martin 
County. In 1855 he removed to Loogootee, and erected 
the third house in that place ; he is therefore entitled to 
be called one of its founders. In 1862 he enlisted as a 
private in Company B, 80th Regiment Indiana Volun- 
teer Infantry, and in November, 1863, was transfcn-ed 
to the 2ist Regiment Indiana Heavy Artillery as assist- 
ant surgeon. In July, 1864, owing to ill-health, he was 
compelled to resign, and returned to his home again to 
resume his practice. He was married, December 20, 
1855, to Miss Brooks, daughter of a merchant of Mar- 
tin County. Seven children have been born to them, 
all of whom are now living. The eldest son, Harlan 
A., is a mechanic, and the two eldest daughters are 
teaching school. Doctor Campbell was reared in the 
Methodist Episcopal faith, and his wife is also a mem- 
ber of that religious denomination. In politics he sym- 
pathizes with the Democratic party, and is an adherent 
of the old Jacksonian school. He is the oldest physi- 
cian in Martin County, and has been closely identified 
with the growth and prosperity of her many interests. 
He takes an especial interest in the promotion of educa- 
tional matters, and is known and appreciated far and 
near as a clever, genial gentleman. 

jPl|AiMPBELL, JAMES, late merchant of Washington, 
"YMi Indiana, was born on Good Friday, 1806, at Stew- 
.soc) ardstown, County Tyrone, Ireland. His means of 
'"'J^ education were very limited, and his schooling 
while a boy in Ireland consisted in attending a com- 
mon pay school for a period of six months. His father 
was a farmer, and he assisted in the work on the farm 
and in weaving flax. As soon as he had accumulated 
a sufficient amount of means to pay his passage, he em- 
igrated to the United Slates, and, at the age of twenty, 
in 1826, on the fiftieth anniversary of American inde- 

pendence, landed in Philadelphia. After remaining in 
that city for a short time, he went to work in a carpet 
factory in Bergen, New Jersey, as a weaver. Being 
required in his turn to clean out the boiler, and not 
thinking this kind of work consistent with his trade as 
a weaver, he left his position and went to Philadelphia. 
The following winter he attended school in that city. 
He then became a traveling merchant, peddling notions 
through the country, and in a short time engaged in 
merchandising at the summit of the Alleghany Mount- 
ains. From there he removed to Spruce Creek, and 
from there to Tunnel Hill, in Ohio, where he remained 
in business about two years. Removing to Madison, 
Indiana, he became engaged in mercantile business, 
which he continued two years, after which he went to 
Washington, Daviess County, Indiana, where he opened 
a general store, and continued in business until the year 
1867. He then retired, and lived a life of quiet and 
ease until his death, which occurred August 27, 1876. 
He went to Washington in very early times (October, 
1838), and by close attention to business and a life of 
strict integrity was enabled to accumulate a fortune, 
the fruits of which he enjoyed in his later years. He 
was married in 1833 'o Sarah McElheny, a native of 
Pennsylvania, to whom ten children were born, six of 
whom, two sons and four daughters, are now living. 
Peter A. is now a prosperous merchant at Washington, 
Indiana, and James J. is engaged in merchandising in 
Loogootee, in the same state, and is also a gentleman 
of means. Mr. Campbell was brought up in the Roman 
Catholic faith, and always remained a devout member 
of its Church. In politics he was a Democrat, but 
never took an active part in political matters. At his 
death, Washington, Indiana, mourned the loss of one 
of her most highly respected and useful citizens, who 
for years had been closely identified with her growth 
and prosperity. 

^xW*-* — 

fHATARD, FRANCIS SILAS, fifth Bishop of Vin- 
cennes, Indiana, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, 
>s3Cr) December 13, 1834. His parents were Ferdinand 
"cP E. Chatard and Eliza Anna Marean. His father 
was the son of Pierre Chatard, an emigre from San Do- 
mingo, who was driven thence on account of the insur- 
rection of the negroes, through which all of his father's 
property was lost. Pierre, the grandfather of our sub- 
ject, had been sent to Europe, where he studied at 
Toulouse, Montpellier, and Paris, for the medical pro- 
fession. This enabled him to gain a livelihood for his 
father and himself, first at Wilmington, Delaware, where 
his father died shortly after reaching the American con- 
tinent, and afterward in Baltimore. He distinguished 
himself by his success and writings, and became a cor- 
responding member of the French Academy of Medicine. 


\_2d Dist. 

In this city Pierre Chatard met the daughter of another 
emigre from San Domingo, Marie Francoise Adelaide 
Buisson, who became his wife. Their son, Ferdinand, 
followed in the footsteps of his father, and studied med- 
icine, first in Baltimore, and afterward completed the 
course in Paris, London, and Edinburgh. On his return 
to America he married the daughter of Silas Marean, 
of Brookline, near Boston, Massachusetts, whose father 
served in the Revolutionary War, and was in the battle 
of Concord. His two sons, Silas and Thomas Marean, 
who were then residing near Baltimore, served in the 
War of 1812. Her father had led an active business life 
in the Island of Martinique, where he had discharged 
the duties of American Consul for several years and 
where he had married an Irish lady, the widow of an 
English gentleman, her maiden name having been Eliza 
Ferris. Such was the ancestry of Francis Silas Chatard, 
who was one of a family of eight children, four boys 
and four girls, of whom three sons (Bishop Chatard be- 
ing the elder) and one daughter are living. His parents 
also are yet living, and reside in Baltimore, at an ad- 
vanced age. Of the two brothers of Bishop Chatard, 
one, Ferdinand, is married, and is a practicing phy- 
sician in Baltimore ; and Thomas, having prosecuted 
his studies in chemistry, of which he made a spe- 
cialty, at Harvard, and attended the mining school 
at Freiberg, Saxony, is now at the head of a min- 
ing company in North Carolina. The only sister, Ju- 
liana, is a Sister of Charity at Emmittsburg, Maryland. 
The gentleman who is represented in this sketch was 
educated at Mt. St. Mary's College, Maryland, whence 
he was graduated in June, 1853. He then became a 
disciple of ^sculapius, as had his paternal ancestors for 
two generations, and devoted himself to the study of 
medicine in the office of that eminent practitioner, Doc- 
tor F. Donaldson, of Baltimore, attending also the lectures 
of the University of Maryland. He resided as a student 
one year in the Baltimore Infirmary, attached to the 
university, and one year in the city alms-house hospital 
as one of the resident physicians. Providence, how- 
ever, held another mission for him, and in the year 1857 
his thoughts and inclinations took a decided direction 
toward the Church of which he was a member — the 
Roman Catholic — and he resolved to study for the min- 
istry. Archbishop Kenrick accepted him as one of his 
students, and procured for him a place in the Urban 
College of the Propaganda, in Rome, Italy. Here he 
remained six years, going through the whole of the 
philosophical and theological courses, in the latter of 
which he stood his examination and received the title 
of Doctor of Divinity, in the Church of the Urban Col- 
lege, in August, 1863. In the month of November of 
the same year he left this institution, to assume the po- 
sition of vice-rector to the American College at Rome, 
then under the presidency of the Right Reverend Doctor 

William G. McCloskey, now Bishop of Louisville, who 
had known him from his college days. Here he re- 
mained as vice-rector till May 24, 1868, when the rector 
was consecrated. Doctor Chatard then assumed charge 
of the college, and remained at its head for a period of 
ten years; and it was due to his efforts, supplementing 
those of the Right Reverend George H. Doane, of New 
Jersey, who canvassed the country as agent of the 
American bishops in 1868 with great success, that the 
college was relieved from debt. It was during the lat- 
ter period of his residence in Rome that his health be- 
gan to fail, and by order of his physicians he visited 
his native country, improving so much as to be enabled 
to undertake a collection for the American College, with 
the approbation of Pius IX, and the consent and support 
of Cardinal McCloskey and other archbishops and bishops 
of the United States. He was in this endeavor very 
successful, and obtained the means for relieving the 
college from the embarrassment of insufficient revenue. 
The principal events that marked the decade during 
which Doctor Chatard presided over the college were 
important. First, the meeting of the Vatican Council, 
during which the American College, as the residence 
of twenty American bishops, became a center of great 
interest, and a medium of social intercourse between 
the American bishops and those of the Catholic world. 
This event was followed by the taking of Rome, on 
the 20th of September, 1870, by the Italian troops, 
after a heavy bombardment lasting six hours ; the cre- 
ation of Archbishop McCloskey, of New York, Cardi- 
nal of Holy Church, as Titular Priest of S. Maria 
sopra Minerva ; the presentation to the rector of the 
American College, by Pius IX, in Rome, Italy, of a gold 
medal, large size, and of most exquisite design and ele- 
gant finish, as an approval of the rector's course up to 
that time; a short time thereafter the appointment of 
the rector to the position in the papal court as one of 
the private supernumerary chamberlains to his Holiness, 
in which position he had opportunities of coming in 
contact with the American visitors to the Eternal City, 
their audiences with the sovereign pontiff having been 
expressly placed by Pius IX in the hands of Doctor 
Chatard. The memory of the personal tokens of regard, 
as evidenced by the favors granted to liim by Pius IX, 
is to the Bishop a cherished heritage. During the time 
of the rector's absence, in 1878, taking the collection in the 
United States, the Pope had looked for his return, and 
a few weeks before his death inquired of the vice-rector 
of the college when Doctor Chatard would return. He 
was informed that the rector was probably at that mo- 
ment on his way back to Rome. Pio Nono exclaimed, 
as he turned to go, " Lo credo ; lo credo." (I believe it; 
I believe it.) Doctor Chatard was at that time spoken 
of for an American bishopric, but was not named by 
Leo XIII to Vincennes until the Sunday before his 


2d DiiL] 


arrival in Rome. Gentlemen of such scholarly attain- 
ments and high position are sometimes thought to be 
austere. Bishop Chatard proves the contrary, and is a 
most genial and charming conversationalist, one whose 
fount of learning is imbibed by all who come within its 
reach. His manners combine elegance with suavity, 
dignity without affectation. 

fAUTHORN, HENRY S., attorney-at-law, of Vin- 
cennes, Indiana, was born in Vincennes, February 
23, 1828. His father, Gabriel T. Cauthorn, was 
a native of Virginia, and was able to trace his an- 
cestry in that state for a period of over two hundred 
years. He was a physician, and emigrated to Vincennes 
in her early days. His mother, Susan Cauthorn, was 
the daughter of Elihu Stout, who came to Vincennes 
from Kentucky, and, on the fourth day of July, 1804, 
published the first issue of the first paper in the North- 
west. This newspaper was the second one published 
west of the Alleghany Mountains. Mr. Stout was one 
of the early settlers of Vincennes, and in many and va- 
rious ways added materially to the growth and pros- 
perity of the city. He edited the Sun for more than 
forty years. In 1845 he was appointed postmaster by 
President Polk. He was the first Grand Master of the 
Masonic Grand Lodge of the state of Indiana. He 
held many city and county offices, and the people re- 
garded him as one of the fathers of the city. Mr. 
Cauthorn attended the . common schools, and in 1844 
entered the Asbury University, at Greencastle, Indiana, 
from which he graduated in 1848. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the office of Hon. Ben- 
jamin Thomas, United States district attorney at the 
time, one of the most prominent attorneys of the state, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1853. He immediately 
commenced the duties of his profession, which he still 
continues, having built up a practice second to none in 
this portion of the state, and to-day he is regarded as 
one of the leading attorneys at the Knox County bar. 
In 1854 he was elected prosecuting attorney of the dis- 
trict comprising Knox, Daviess, Martin, and Pike Coun- 
ties, and in 1855 was elected city attorney, which po- 
sition he held until 1858. In 1859 he was chosen clerk 
of the Circuit Court, and in 1863 was re-elected to the 
same position. In the fall of 1870 he was the Repre- 
sentative from Knox County, and was re-elected in the 
fall of 1872, and again in 1878. During the session of 
the Legislature in 1878 and 1879, he was chosen speaker 
of the House of Representatives, and for the judicious, 
able, and gentlemanly manner in which he discharged 
the onerous duties of this office, he had the warmest 
commendations from members of both political parties, 
not only doing great credit to himself, but to the state 

at large. In politics Mr. Cauthorn is one of the 
leaders of the Indiana Democracy. He has been chair- 
man of the Democratic central committee, and has 
always taken great interest in political matters. He is 
a member of the Church of Rome, and was brought up 
in that faith. He was married, October 15, 1868, to 
Margaret C. Bayard, daughter of John F. Bayard, a 
well-known merchant of Vincennes. Mr. Bayard has four 
sons, all of whom have reached prominent positions, 
and are to-day presidents and cashiers of national banks 
at Evansville and Vincennes. Mr. Cauthorn is the 
father of four children, three of whom, two sons and 
one daughter, are now living. He has been closely 
identified with the welfare and growth of Vincennes, 
and is held in high esteem as one of her most useful 
and industrious citizens. 

jffiRAVENS, SAMUEL C, M. D., of Bloomfield, 
'vl'i Greene County, Indiana, was born near the town 
\^ of Hanover, in Jefferson County, Indiana, January 
3i 1S39. He is the son of John C. and Nancy M. 
Cravens, respectively of English and Irish descent, who 
are yet living, after having reared twelve children, all 
of whom survive. His mother, who was very charita- 
ble, and ministered considerably to the wants of the 
sick, often expressed a wish that one of her sons should 
become a physician. In compliance with this desire, 
and by a natural inclination, Samuel studied medicine. 
He was educated in the district and high schools of 
Hanover in winter, and in summer labored on his fa- 
ther's farm. He was always fond of reading scientific 
works, and his habits have always been good in every 
particular. Doctor Cravens taught school to obtain the 
means of further educating himself, and in 1861 came 
to Scotland, in Greene County, and gave instruction in 
Madison Township, Daviess County, obtaining an eight- 
een months' license from N. S. Given, then school ex- 
aminer of that county. He worked on a farm near 
Bloomfield during the summer of 1862, and in the fall 
obtained a two years' license to teach school in Cass 
Township. In the fall of 1862 he assisted in organizing 
the first teachers' institute ever held in the county. 
While teaching, during the winter of 1862-63, ^^ V""^' 
cured works on anatomy and physiology, and read, 
when not engaged with his school, with a view of study- 
ing medicine when school closed. In March, 1863, he 
began the study of medicine, under a preceptor, in 
Bloomfield, and attended Rush Medical College, of 
Chicago, during the session of 1863-64. \Yhile at the 
medical college his room-mate took the small-pox, and 
died. Doctor Cravens took care of him during his 
sickness, and after his death saw that he was properly 
buried. He attended the same college during the ses- 


\2d Dist. 

sion of 1865 and 1866, and graduated with honor in the 
latter year. Locating in Bloom field, he began the 
practice of his profession, which he has continued until 
the present time, with remarkable success. In 1870 
Doctor Cravens attended Long Island College Hospital, 
of New York, and took an ad eimdem degree. Doctor 
Cravens has never held, or been a candidate for, any 
public office. He has held all the offices in the Greene 
County Medical Society, and has been a director in the 
Bloomfield Railroad Company. He has always been 
identified with the Democratic party, and cast his first 
presidential vote for Stephen A. Douglas, in i860. He 
became a charter member of Bloomfield Lodge, No. 
457, Independent Order of Odd-fellows, in 1874, and 
has passed all the chairs of the subordinate lodge, hold- 
ing at the present time the office of treasurer. He is 
not a member of any Church, but always aids in the 
erection of churches, and gives liberally to religious and 
charitable enterprises. Doctor Cravens and Mary L. 
Routt were united in marriage on the 12th of June, 
1866. She is his present companion, and together they 
have a young and interesting family of children. Doc- 
tor Cravens is a gentleman of strict integrity, and no 
man stands higher in the estimation of his fellow-men 
than he. All the qualities that go toward making up 
the perfect man are well-defined elements of his char- 
acter. His pride is in paying his debts, and his life is 
a shining example for the young to follow. In his pro- 
fession he stands at the head, and is well and favorably 
known all over the state. 

J^IjOBB, THOMAS R., member of Congress from the 
y I Second Congressional District of Indiana, was born 
liG) two miles east of the town of Springville, Law- 
o)"' rence County, Indiana, July 2, 1828. He is a son 
of Dixon and Mercy Cobb, the former a native of South 
Carolina, and the latter of Kentucky. His parents came 
to Indiana in 1816, and settled in what was then a dense 
forest. He and his family endured all the hardships 
and privations of pioneer life, with little or no facilities 
for early training of the mind ; and, owing to their lim- 
ited circumstances, very little time could be spared for 
home culture, or attendance at the rude log school- 
housesj which were the only "temples of learning" the 
country offered. Mr. Cobb traces his genealogy to some 
very prominent ancestry in the South, New England, 
Michigan, and Kentucky; his mother, whose maiden 
name was Shelby, being a niece of ex-Governor Shelby, 
of that state. He very early in life manifested a desire 
for intellectual improvement, seeking and reading such 
books as were accessible to him, and taking special in- 
terest in ancient history. At the age of eighteen he en- 
tered the Bedford Seminary, at Bedford, Indiana, and, 

although without a dollar in his possession, managed to 
complete a term of school. He applied himself with 
great diligence, and was rewarded by a rapid advance- 
ment in his studies. After the expiration of the quarter 
he returned to his home, and soon after took charge of 
a district school in the vicinity, as teacher. He subse- 
quently entered the State University at Bloomington, 
Indiana, where he took an irregular literary course of 
study, and then again returned to teaching, alternated 
with farming in summer. At the same time he began 
reading law, for he had early in life determined to make 
that profession his future calling. In 1853 he removed 
with his family to Bedford, Indiana, although he him- 
self entered the law school at Bloomington, Indiana, 
where he remained during the winter of 1853 and 1854. 
In the spring of 1854 he returned home and began prac- 
tice soon after, forming a partnership with Hon. C. L. 
Dunham, which continued for one year, and then one 
with Judge A. B. Carleton, now of Terre Haute, Indi- 
ana, with whom he remained one year. Soon after this 
he made a law firm with N. F. Malatt, lasting until that 
gentleman was chosen Judge of the Knox Circuit Court, 
with a residence at Vincennes. After the election of 
Judge Malatt, Mr. Cobb continued practice alone for a 
time, and then made a connection with W. B. Robin- 
son, now clerk of the Knox Circuit Court, this continu- 
ing until the election of Mr. Robinson to that position 
in 1874. From that date to the present he has been as- 
sociated with his son, Orlando H. Cobb. As an attorney 
Mr. Cobb ranked with the ablest in Southern Indiana, 
enjoying for a long period the most lucrative practice of 
any one at the Vincennes bar. In the year 185S Mr. 
Cobb was elected to the state Senate, from the district 
composed of the counties of Lawrence and Martin, and 
re-elected in 1S62, serving in all eight years. While 
a member of the Senate he was on several committees, 
the most important of which was the Committee on the 
Judiciary. In 1S76, as the nominee of the Democratic 
party, he was elected to the Forty-fifth Congress, and in 
1878 re-elected to the Forty-sixth Congress. While a 
member of the Forty-fifth Congress he was a member 
of the Committee on Elections, and is now one of the 
Committee on Appropriations, one of the most impor- 
tant of that body. Mr. Cobb has been universally known 
as a public-spirited man, always aiding and encouraging 
every worthy and laudable enterprise calculated to en- 
hance the interest of his town, county, or state. He 
was one of the prime movers in building the Paris and 
Danville Railroad, which proved of great benefit to 
Vincennes and the contiguous locality. lie joined the 
Knights of Pythias in 1875, but belongs to no other se- 
cret organization. He is now, and always has been, a 
Democrat of the Jeffersonian school. Mr. Cobb was 
married, March 10, 1850, to Miss Caroline Anderson, 
daughter of Archibald Anderson, a pioneer of Lawrence 

'^^"- 5ss-«g-:- 



2d Disl.] 



County, Indiana. He is the father of eight children, 
five of whom are living. Mr. Cobb is a gentleman of 
rare legal attainments, and a public speaker of great 
force. As an advocate at the bar, or as an expounder of 
the principles of civil government, he has few equals 
anywhere. He has already been of great service to his 
district and state, and it is to be hoped that his labors 
may long be continued. Personally, he is portly and dig- 
nified, with a courteous and affable bearing, which has 
won for him the admiration and esteem of a large circle 
of personal friends, irrespective of politics or other dif- 
ferences of opinion. 

rRANE, CHARLES E., farmer and stock-dealer, 
Sandborn, was born in Palmyra, Wayne County, 
New York, February 14, 1836. He is the son of 
?■' Edwin D. and Sarah IJ. Crane. His mother was 
born at Newburyport, Massachusetts, and was the de- 
scendant of a family that came over in the "May- 
flower." When Charles E. was only two years old his 
father emigrated to Washtenaw County, Michigan, then 
almost a wilderness, and, purchasing some land, began 
clearing it, preparatory to raising a crop. In 1842 he 
removed to Lenawee County, getting a new farm near 
the county seat. The son received little education in 
the school-room, but he was so assiduous in his devo- 
tion to his studies that he was soon prepared to enter a 
higher institution of learning, which he did by taking a 
literary course at the high school at Adrian, Michigan, 
and subsequently in the state normal college at Ypsi- 
lanti. A marked characteristic of Mr. Crane's early life 
was his great fondness for books — a fondness amounting 
almost to a passion, which found its strongest expression 
in literature and history. At seventeen he began teach- 
ing at Blissfield, Michigan, and although .so young was 
successful. He next took charge of the union school 
at Hudson as principal, filling the position with much 
dignity and giving perfect satisfaction. In 1855 he 
went South and assumed control of the academy at 
Liberty, De Kalb County, Tennessee, where he remained 
two years. Changing to Cannon County, he took charge 
of Auburn Academy, at Auburn, where he stayed two 
years more. In i860 he relinquished the profession of 
teaching, and, in company with Professor Harry S. Joy 
and William H. Mott, began the study of law. The 
War of the Rebellion beginning soon after, he left Ten- 
nessee and returned to Michigan. In 1862 he entered 
the army of the Union as quartermaster in the 26th 
Regiment of Michigan Volunteers. In 1S63 he returned 
from the army and located at Palmyra, Michigan, in 
ihe lumber trade. At this he continued for about six 
years, and was successful beyond his most sanguine ex- 
pectations. In the years 1866 and 1867 Mr. Crane was 
the Democratic candidate for the state Senate ; but, as 

his party was hopelessly in the minority, he was, of 
course, defeated. In 1S74, having in the mean time re- 
moved to this state, he received a nomination for Rep- 
resentative to the Indiana state Legislature, being 
elected by a large majority. In the General Assembly 
of which he was a member he filled several important 
positions, being a member of the Committees on Prisons 
and Temperance, and chairman of the Committee on 
Railroads. As a legislator he distinguished himself by 
his clear-headed treatment of the questions to which he 
paid attention. At Palmyra, Michigan, in 1869, he 
joined the Masons, and is yet an honored and respected 
member of that fraternity. In religion he is orthodox, 
but belong-, to no Church. He is now, and always has 
been, a steadfast member of the Democratic party, cast- 
ing his first presidential vote for Stephen A. Donglas. 
He was married, on the 2d of May, 1861, to Miss Amanda 
E. -Seay, daughter of Major B. W. Seay, of Alexandria, 
Tennessee. He is the father of one son, Charles Julian 
Crane, noted for his gentlemanly demeanor and intel- 
lectual acquirements. Mr. Crane is a gentleman of fine 
social qualities. Beginning life without means or fam- 
ily inflnence, he has been so persistent in his search for 
knowledge that there are few who have a more general 
acquaintance with .science, literature, art, and current 
news than he. He is a literary man of no small pre- 
tensions, and a writer of considerable note. His pro- 
ductions are pointed, versatile, and witty, and abound 
in fertile imagination and profundity of thought. His 
public life, though short, was brilliant and aggressive ; 
and although a thorough and outspoken Democrat, he 
never allows politics to stand in the way of personal 
friendships. He is easily aroused to compassion or pity, 
and his generous nature has been greatly in the way of 
his monetary advancement. He never fails to give aid 
and encouragement to new enterprises calculated to ben- 
efit the town. He has lived a private life without 
blemish, and his public character is above reproach. 
He has many friends. He is hospitable and obliging, 
frank and kind. 

DWARDS, WILLIAM H., attorney-at-law, of 
Mitchell, was born in Lawrence County, Indiana, 
November 30, 1S41, and is a son of John and 
Lucy (Burton) Edwards. His father was a well- 
to-do farmer. He held many township offices, and was 
highly respected by all with whom he had dealings. 
His mother was a granddaughter of Cody Burton, one 
of the pioneers of Lawrence County, and whose family 
was a leading one in that section. William H. Ed- 
wards lived on the farm with his father until 1862, 
attending such schools as the country afforded, and in 
August of that year enlisted as a private in the 67th 
Regiment Indiana Volunteers. He served until August, 



l2d Dul. 

1863, when he was discharged on account of sickness, 
and returned home. In November, 1864, he was elected 
township assessor, which position he held for two years, 
and during the time attended Wabash College, at Craw- 
fordsville, Indiana, for one year. In 1867 he entered 
the Law Department of the State University at Bloom- 
ington, Indiana, for one term, and in the fall of 1 868 
was admitted to the bar. He immediately commenced 
practice at Mitchell, Indiana, which he has continued 
ever since. In 1869 he was elected town clerk and 
treasurer of Mitchell. In the fall of 1870 he was de- 
feated in the convention for Representative, but in 1872 
was elected to represent Lawrence County in the Legis- 
lature, and served during the regular and special ses- 
sions. While a member of the Legislature he was 
chairman of the Committee on Elections, and also a 
member of the Committee on Courts. In political mat- 
ters he sympathizes with the Republican party, and is 
regarded as the leading Republican in this part of the 
county. He was married, December 8, 1868, to Miss 
Cornelia A. McCoy, of Mitchell, daughter of a merchant 
of that place. Mr. Edwards has by his honest and 
straightforward manner of conducting his business won 
the esteem of the entire community, and is highly re- 
spected and valued as a citizen. 

jj\^ at-law, Bedford, Lawrence County, was born in 
(^C< Harrison County, Indiana, January I, 1840. He 
Sis is the son of John M. and Sophia (Thestand) 
Friedley. His father was a farmer of German descent, 
and emigrated from Kentucky to Indiana in 1816. 
George W. received his early education at the com- 
mon schools of Harrison County, and afterward at the 
Hartsville University, from which he graduated at the 
age of twenty, after taking a full scientific course. On 
leaving the university he commenced reading law with 
Judge John R. Morrledge, of Clarinda, Iowa. After 
studying two years, the war breaking out, he entered 
the army as a private in Company K, 4th Iowa In- 
fantry. He was immediately elected first lieutenant 
and served one year, when he was compelled to 
resign on account of ill-health, returning to Indiana. 
In May, 1862, his health having considerably improved, 
he entered in the 67th Indiana Infantry, was elected 
captain of Company I of that regiment, and from that 
time was actively engaged until the close of the war, 
serving with distinction throughout. He participated 
in the battles of Pea Ridge, Mumfordsville, Kentucky; 
the attack on Vicksburg by Sherman, from Chickasaw 
Bayou, in December, 1S62; capture of Arkansas Post 
January 11, 1863 ; through the siege and capture of 
Vicksburg, and in the battles of Port tubson, Champion 

Hills, and Black River Bridge. During the forty-seven 
days' siege of Vicksburg and the Vicksburg campaign, 
he served on the staff of General Burbridge, of Ken- 
tucky. After the fall of Vicksburg he was at the cap- 
ture of Jackson. The Thirteenth Army Corps, to which 
he belonged, was then transferred to the Army of the 
Gulf. At the close of the Vicksburg campaign the 
colonel of the regiment was mustered out on account 
of absence, and Captain Friedley, although the y,oungest 
captain in the regiment, was elected in his place. The 
colonel, afterward returning, however, was reinstated. 
He was then in the Gulf, in the Red River campaign, 
at the siege and capture of Fort Gaines and Fort Mor- 
gan, Alabama, and at the storming of the works at Fort 
Blakely, the last jiitched battle of the war, April g, 
1865. A consequence of its fall was the capture of 
Mobile. He then v/ith the regiment marched to Texas, 
and was mustered out at the close of the war, in August 
following. He returned to Indiana in the fall and set- 
tled at Bedford in the practice of law, where he still 
remains in the enjoyment of a large and lucrative busi- 
ness, being one of the most celebrated criminal lawyers 
in the state. He is a man who has received many hon- 
ors at the hands of the people, of which he^has proved 
himself worthy. As a lawyer he is eminent, as a man 
he is beyond reproach ; a gentleman of courteous man- 
ners, and of the strictest honor, integrity, and upright- 
ness, he enjoys the confidence of his fellow-citizens. 
In 1870 he was elected to the Lower House of the Leg- 
islature, and served on the Judicial Committee of the 
House during that session. With others he induced 
thirty-four members to resign, thereby frustrating a meas- 
ure brought by the Democratic party to defeat Governor 
Morton. In 1872 he was elected to the Senate, over 
Judge Frank Wilson, for Monroe and Lawrence Coun- 
ties, designated " the University District." At the 
special sessions of the Legislature convened in the No- 
vember following, there being a vacancy in the office 
of lieutenant-governor, he was elected president of the 
Senate. He served through a term of four years as 
Senator. In the campaign of 1876 he was chairman of 
the Republican state central committee, and in 1880 
delegate at large to the Chicago Convention. In pol- 
itics he is an ardent Republican. His religious views 
are liberal. He was one of the active spirits in secur- 
ing to Bedford the fine graded school of which the 
town is so justly proud. In person he presents a most 
imposing appearance, being six feet three inches in 
height, and well built and proportioned. He is a ready 
speaker. He was married, January 16, 1867, to Edith 
M. Kelly, a most estimable lady, daughter of one of 
the oldest and niost prominent merchants of Bedford. 
They have four young daughters, who are now attend- 
ing school. Such is the brief record of one of Indi- 
ana's truly representative men. 

-^-'^5^^ f 



id Disi.\ 



(lARDNER, ELBRIDGE G., undertaker and fur- 
niture dealer, of Vincennes, was boin April I, 
1S20, in Vincennes. His father, Andrew Gard- 
ner, from Massachusetts, was a cabinet-maker; his 
mother, Hannah Swift, was a native of New Jersey. 
His father emigrated from Massachusetts to the West, 
and settled in Cincinnati in 1812. After remaining in 
that city until 1816, he removed to Vincennes, Indiana, 
and became engaged in the furniture trade. Elbridge E. 
Gardner's means of education were very limited. At 
the age of fourteen years he began to help his father in 
the furniture and undertaking business, remaining at 
home until he was twenty-one. He was married, in 
1840, to Dorcas Fellols, a native of Vincennes, to whom 
six children, now living, have been born, three sons and 
three daughters. Two of the sons are now assisting 
their father in business. Mr. Gardner was married 
within one hundred yards of where he was born, and 
since 1816 the family have been in business, without 
interruption, on the same street in Vincennes. In 
politics he is a liberal Democrat, and believes it 
is a man's duty to vote for the person who is best 
qualified for the position. He was reared a Meth- 
odist, attending that Church with regularity. His 
father's house was known far and near as the home 
of the ministers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and its doors were always open, and its hospitality un- 
bounded. Mr. Gardner is regarded as one of the lead- 
ing merchants of Vincennes, and is highly respected 
and esteemed by the entire community. He has been 
closely identified with the growth and prosperity of that 
city, his memory running back to the time when it was 
a very small town. 

,llB.SON, JOHN, secretary of the territory of Indi- 
lUy ana, and acting Governor, was a general in the 
^^ French and Indian and the Revolutionary Wars. 
sIj He was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, in May, 
1740, and was well educated. In his youth he sei-ved 
under General Forbes, who commanded an expedition 
against Fort Du Quesne, on the site of the present city 
of Pittsburgh, which resulted in its reduction. This be- 
came the first settlement west of the main ridge of the 
AUeghanies, and away from the seaboard, and he re- 
mained in the infant town as an Indian trader. In 1 763 
he was captured by the Indians, and was adopted by an 
Indian squaw whose son he had slain in battle. With 
them he had an opportunity to learn their customs, and 
to acquire several languages, which afterwards became 
of great utility to him, both as a trader and as a gov- 
ernment official. He was released, after some time spent 
in captivity, and resumed his business at Pittsburgh. 
Governor Dunmore, of Virginia, organized an expedi- 
tion against the Indians in 1774, and he rendered the 

officers important services in the negotiation of their 
treaties with the savages. The speech of Logan on 
this occasion, which was cited by Jefferson as one of 
the masterpieces of eloquence of all times, owes its 
English version to the skill of Colonel Gibson. He was 
made colonel of a Virginia regiment on the breaking 
out of the Revolutionary War, remaining in command 
till the close, when he again went to Pittsburgh. That 
district elected him a member of the Pennsylvania Con- 
stitutional Convention ; he became also a major-general 
of the militia, and an associate judge. In 1800 he was 
appointed secretary of the territory of Indiana, then 
newly created, and held the office for many years, until 
1S16. At the breaking out of the second war against 
Great Britain, he was left in charge of affairs as acting 
Governor, while General Harrison was engaged at the 
front. In his old age he became afflicted with an in- 
curable cataract, which compelled his retirement from 
his office, and he ended his days with his son-in-law, 
George Wallace, at Braddock's Fields, near Vincennes. 
He died in May, 1822. 

RAMELSPACHER, ALOIS, postmaster of Jasper, 
Dubois County, was born in that town, June 10, 
1850. He is the son of Joseph and Sophia 
(Friedman) Gramelspacher, both from Germany, 
who came to this country when young. Joseph is a 
merchant at Jasper. Alois, after receiving a common 
school education in his native place, attended the St. 
Meinard College, in Spencer County, for two years, grad- 
uating in 1870. On leaving college he went as a clerk 
into a drug-store for the purpose of learning that busi- 
ness. After five years, having made himself thoroughly 
acquainted with its details, he engaged in the business 
on his own account, and in it has been highly success- 
ful. May 27, 1877, he was, through the influence of 
Governor Morton, appointed postmaster of Jasper, by 
Postmaster-general Key, a position which he still holds, 
and which he is well qualified to occupy. A large por- 
tion of the people of the town and surrounding county 
are German ; and his descent, and the fact that he speaks 
both the English and German languages with ease and 
fluency, have peculiarly fitted him for the place. He also 
has in connection a foreign and domestic money-order de- 
partment, corresponding with all the European countries, 
which has proved a great advantage to the whole county. 
He fills his position to the entire satisfaction of the com- 
munity, with whom he is most justly popular, being 
very thorough in all his official business. He has gained 
for himself much honor, and the thanks of the people, 
not only for the admirable manner in which he conducts 
his office, but also from his having so considerably in- 
creased the mail facilities to and from this point. It is 
due to his influence that the town now receives its Eastern 



\^2d Dist. 

mail nearly twenty-four hours in advance of what 
it did when he took charge of the office. October 25, 
1875, he became an Odd-fellow, in which order he has 
taken five degrees. November 14, 1875, ^^ joined the 
Masonic body, and has since taken three degrees. He 
is a Republican in politics, and is a worker in the in- 
terests of the party, exerting considerable influence not 
only among the German but also among the American 
citizens. In religious views he is liberal. He was mar- 
ried, June 8, 1874, to Caroline Burger, daughter of 
Jacob Burger, a jeweler, of Ohio. They have three chil- 
dren, one boy and two girls. He is a man of good per- 
sonal appearance, and in the enjoyment of excellent 
health. He possesses fine social and domestic qualities, 
and is honored and respected by the community, and 
beloved by his family. Mr. Gramelspacher is an edu- 
cated, pleasant, and courteous gentleman, and already, 
though young in life, is one of the leading men of his 

I RAY, JOHN W., physician, Bloomfield, Greene 
County, Indiana, was born November 28, 1839, 
(wj near the town of Springville, Lawrence County, 
Indiana. He is the son of Ephraim and Phebe 
Gray, the former of English and the latter of Irish ex- 
traction. He entered the Indiana State University at 
Bloomington, Indiana, where he remained two terms, 
taking a literary course. In 1858 he returned to Spring- 
ville, and began reading medicine with Doctor W. B. 
Woodward, continuing until September of the same 
year, when he entered the Medical Department of the 
University of Michigan, where he attended two courses 
of lectures. Locating at Jonesboro, Greene County, 
Indiana, he practiced his profession until the fall of 
1863, when, desirous of still greater instruction than he 
had yet received, he entered Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia, where he graduated in Maich, 1864. He 
then returned to Jonesboro and resumed his rounds as 
a physician. Here he remained until the autumn of 
1866, when he went to New York and entered the 
Bellevue Hospital Medical College, where he graduated 
with honors in the spring of 1867. Returning to Greene 
County he located at Bloomfield, where he still resides. 
On the steamship "San Francisco," in which he made 
a voyage to Central America in 1867, he held the rank 
of surgeon. Doctor Gray has always been liberal and 
generous in his life and actions; he has always given 
largely and freely to public enterprises, and assisted 
with his purse and influence the building of churches, 
schools, and other public edifices. He became a mem- 
ber of Springville Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
in the summer of 1S61, and was a charter member of 
Bloomfield Lodge, No. 457, Independent Order of Odd- 
fellows; has held the office of Worshipful Master in 

the Blue Lodge, and High-priest in the Chapter. In 
religious belief Doctor Gray has no particular creed, 
but is liberal in his views. He is a Democrat of the 
most pronounced order, casting his first vote for President 
for George B. McClellan, in 1864. January 18, i860, 
he was married to Miss Elizabeth Gainey, daughter of 
John P. Gainey, of Springville, Indiana. They have 
had eight children, seven of whom are yet living. In 
his profession Doctor Gray ranks among the best of the 
state, and his skill and success in practice have been 
almost marvelous; he is genial and social in his inter- 
course with his fellow-men, and is justly considered an 
excellent gentleman in the community in which he 

of the territory of Indiana, and ninth President 
of the United States, was born in Berkeley, 
Charles City County, Virginia. He was the third 
and youngest son of Governor Benjamin Harrison, one 
of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, 
and a man of great weight of character. William 
Henry was originally intended for the profession of med- 
icine, and had pursued his studies for some time at 
Richmond, having received a classical education at 
Hampden Sidney College, and at academies in his na- 
tive state. He left home in 1791 to still further con- 
tinue his course in Philadelphia, when the intelligence 
of the death of his father reached him. Although left 
with a modest competence, he did not regard the amount 
as sufficient to support him in leisure, and he had a strong 
predilection for the pursuit of arms. His father's wishes 
had been the occasion of his studying the healing art, 
and he considered himself then at liberty to follow his 
own desires. Robert Morris, the distinguished financier, 
who was made his guardian, was opposed to his new 
step; but Harrison, who had strong family connections, 
found no difficulty in obtaining from General Washing- 
ton the desired commission of ensign, and he was or- 
dered to report to General St. Clair, then in command 
of the North-western army. The settlement of the 
North-west Territory had begun only three years before 
at Marietta, and the scattered population were exposed 
to attacks and depredations from Indians, covertly sup- 
ported by agents of the British government, which had 
planted forts upon our soil, in contravention of her 
treaty obligations. General St. Clair and the other mil- 
itary commanders had been defeated and harassed by 
the Miamis and other tribes, and there was very little 
confidence felt by any of the settlers in the support of 
the army. To it, however, a commander of anothci 
kind, well experienced in border warfare, General An- 
thony Wayne, was sent the subsequent year; and on 
the 20th of August, 1792, Lieutenant Harrison showed 

2d DisL] 



his good qualities in a sanguinary conflict, and was pub- 
licly thanked by the general. In 1795 he was intrusted 
with the command of Fort Washington, with the rank 
of captain, and the same season wooed and won the 
youngest daughter of John Cleves Symmes, the original 
owner of the ground on which the site of Cincinnati 
now stands. It is related that when Mr. Symmes 
wished to inquire about the means of the young man to 
support a wife, Captain Harrison placed his hand upon 
the hilt of his sword and replied, with coolness and as- 
surance, "This is my means of support." In 1798 he re- 
signed his commission and retired to his farm at South 
Bend, from which, however, he was almost immediately 
called by President Adams, who offered him the posi- 
tion of secretary of the North-west Territory. By vir- 
tue of this he was ex officio Lieutenant-governor, and, 
in the absence of Governor St. Clair, the duties of that 
office devolved upon him. The year after this he was 
elected a delegate to Congress, and when there distin- 
guished himself by the introduction of measures to fa- 
cilitate the easier acquirement of lands by actual settle- 
ment. During his term in Congress the North-west 
Territory was divided into Ohio and Indiana Territories. 
The latter comprised what are now the states of Indi- 
ana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Iowa, with an 
area greater than France, but with a white population 
scarcely exceeding five thousand. It was exposed to 
great danger from the natives; then there were no 
roads, and no houses except log structures. Mills had 
not yet been constructed, the land was unsurveyed 
and almost unknown. To the position of Governor of 
this domain Mr. Harrison was appointed — a deserved 
compliment to his energy and ability — and he immedi- 
ately removed to Vincennes, which was the seat of gov- 
ernment. He held the office sixteen years, having been 
twice reappointed by Jefferson and once by Madison, 
and during the whole term rendered the most valuable 
services to the people of his territory. Among the du- 
ties of his place was that of Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs. In his relations with these tribes his powers 
were most completely shown. He negotiated many 
treaties with them. It was impossible, however, to 
keep peace continually. The acquisition of lands by 
the whites rankled in the bosoms of the Indians ; their 
game diminished, and there was a probability that 
within a few years they would be completely deprived 
of the soil. This discontent was fomented by officers of 
the British government in Canada and on the borders. 
Tecumseh, the renowned warrior, declared that no 
tribes had the power to divest themselves of their lands, 
BS the ground belonged in common to all the Indians; 
but this sophistry was soon disproved by Governor 
Harrison, in a few pungent sentences. Although 
worsted in the argument, Tecumseh, with extraordinary 
ability, prepared the way for a forcible resistance to the 

United States by all the tribes north of the Ohio, re- 
ceiving for this purpose the strongest assistance from 
his brother, commonly known as the Prophet, a mystic 
who, under other circumstances, might have founded a 
new religion, as did Mohammed. The warrior affected 
to pay the highest respect to his brother, whose voice 
was accepted by the savages as that of an oracle. Te- 
cumseh visited nation after nation ; he pointed out the 
injuries they had received from the white men, and 
those which would most likely be inflicted upon them in 
the future. The hunting grounds were theirs; if they 
were men they would strike and recover them. Upon 
the weakness of each tribe he played with a masterly 
hand. Governor Harrison determined to break up the 
conspiracy, and to this end was furnished with troops 
by Kentucky and Ohio. Among the former was the 
gallant Jo Daviess, soon to die on the battle-field, but 
never to be forgotten. The troops marched up the 
Wabash till they reached the prophet's town, encamp- 
ing a little short of it. Before daybreak the In- 
dians attacked, and a bloody and murderous battle 
followed. Governor Harrison's precautions were so 
well taken that, although his pickets were seized with 
a panic, the advance was repulsed, and the day finally 
remained with the men of Indiana and Kentucky. 
By the Legislatures of both of these he was publicly 
thanked. This destroyed the power of the Indians tem- 
porarily; but Tecumseh soon succeeded in arousing their 
feelings again, and they fought during the War of 1812 
with the British through the entire campaign. In the 
victory of the Thames, and the defense of Fort Meigs, 
Harrison, who had been appointed to the command of 
the North-west army by President Monroe, with the rank 
of major-general, highly distinguished himself, but he 
resigned before the close of the war, in consequence of 
differences with General Armstrong, Secretary of War. 
In 1816 he was elected from the Cincinnati District as 
a member of Congress, in 1824 United States Senator 
from Ohio, and in 1828 was appointed Minister to the 
Republic of Columbia by INIr. Adams, but was almost 
immediately recalled by General Jackson. After ceasing 
to be Governor of Indiana he had taken up his residence 
in Ohio, and was for twelve years clerk of a County 
Court. In 1836 he was nominated for President of the 
United States in opposition to Martin Van Buren, and 
was defeated. The financial panic which followed Gen- 
eral Jackson's onslaught upon the United States Bank 
took place in Mr. Van Buren's term, and made him very 
unpopular. This was the condition of the Whigs when 
Harrison was renominated in 1840. The contest was 
exceedingly animated. General Harrison, although of 
good family, lived very simply, and was accessible to 
every one. His opponents originated a story that he 
lived in a log-cabin, and drank nothing but hard cider. 
His friends adopted the narrative, as showing that he 



yzd Dist. 

was a man of the people; log-cabins were built in every 
town of the United States, as emblems of General Har- 
rison, and hard cider was inscribed upon the banners 
of the Whig party. Verse lent him its aid, and he was 
triumphantly elected. The excitement of the campaign, 
however, proved too much for him. His nerves were 
continually in tension, and on his inauguration his ex- 
ertions to keep pace with the public business and to 
please his friends were redoubled. A month after that 
event, before any distinctive features of his administra- 
tion could be seen, a cold brought on a violent fit of 
sickness, and he died eight days after, on the 4th of 
April, 1841. He was an honest and patriotic man, and 
rendered his party great services. It has always been 
regretted that he did not live to display his abilities as 
President. Mrs. Harrison long survived him, and he 
left one son and three daughters. 

'%X cember 9, 1821, at Harper's Ferry, Jefferson 
©tjl County, Virginia, in the shadow of Jefferson rock, 
'^'§1, near the confluence of the Potomac and Shenan- 
doah Rivers. It is mentioned by Thomas Jefferson in 
his Notes on Virginia. The scene was later added to 
history as commemorating the exploits and capture of 
John Brown. Mr. Haynes is the son of Jacob J. and 
Mary (Patterson) Haynes, both of Pennsylvania, his 
father being of German and his mother of Irish descent. 
His father was employed by the United States govern- 
ment for a period of twenty-seven years in the manu- 
facture of fire-arms at the arsenal, which was captured 
and partially destroyed by the secessionists during the 
late war. He was a soldier in the War of 1812. In 
1837 he removed with his family, consisting of four chil- 
dren whose mother had died in 1828, three sons and 
one daughter, and a second wife and her daughter, to 
Greene County, Ohio, where he engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. He lived to the advanced age of eighty-eight 
years, retaining to his last moment full possession of his 
mental faculties. When the dread hour approached he 
called his children to his bedside in the order of their 
ages and bade them an affectionate farewell. His last 
words were, "My work is finished," and then his spirit 
passed peacefully away. The subject of this sketch at- 
tended the schools of Harper's Ferry until the age of 
sixteen years. Upon the removal of his father to Ohio, 
he was sent to the academy in Dayton, spending a 
year at that institution of learning He then returned 
to Greene County, remaining with his father and 
assisting in the cultivation of the soil until he arrived 
nt years of maturity. In 1843 he was married to Miss 
Elizabeth Darst, of Greene County, the daughter of 
Jacob Darst, one of the pioneers and active citizens of 

Greene County, who afterwards retired from business and 
removed to Dayton, where he died. Six children were 
the result of his marriage, five sons and one daughter, 
all of whom are grown. Mr. Haynes and his young 
wife with the aid of their parents purchased a farm in 
Greene County, and were thus early installed as house- 
holders. Here for nearly a quarter of a century he was 
engaged in stock-growing and agricultural pursuits, 
meeting with great success. In his twenty-third year 
he was elected a Justice of the Peace in a strong Repub- 
lican district, while he affiliated with the Democratic 
party. After his election he declined to serve, turning the 
office over to his opponent, who was an old man, and had 
taken his defeat very much to heart. In 1867 Mr. 
Haynes, being greatly influenced by the difference of 
prices in lands in the Miami and White River Valleys, 
removed to Daviess County, Indiana, where he purchased 
a large farm, engaging in stock-growing and in the 
growth of cereals, continuing this pursuit until the pres- 
ent time. He now owns the model farm of that section 
of the country, and is known as one of the leading 
agriculturists of the state. Mr. Haynes not only takes 
interest in the production of the largest crops, but in 
procuring and propagating the greatest variety of farm 
products, using the best methods and adopting the new- 
est improvements in implements or buildings for farm 
purposes ; thus he is looked up to by his neighbors as a 
leader and innovator. In the year 1871 Mr. Haynes 
was elected to represent Daviess County in the state Leg- 
islature, which he did with credit to himself and honor 
to his constituents. He was, shortly after the expira- 
tion of his term, elected a member of the State Board 
of Agriculture, which position he has held ever since, 
working actively and efficiently for its interests. In 
1878 Mr. Haynes was elected clerk of the state-house 
commissioners, but resigned his position some few 
months later, when the board, in acknowledgment of 
his integrity, passed a resolution to that effect, commend- 
ing him highly for faithful and honest services. The 
clerical work is brought up to date. All letters are filed 
away; correspondence in regard to stone, architecture, 
proposals of contractors, and all the different subjects 
demanding official attention, is so kept, and arranged 
in such an orderly manner, as to be forthcoming at a mo- 
ment's notice. Mr. Haynes has been solicited by resi- 
dents of Greene and Daviess Counties to accept the Dem- 
ocratic nomination for state Senator. No better man for 
the position could be selected. He has. by his gentle- 
manly bearing won many friends. In 1874 Mr. Haynes 
was elected a trustee of Purdue University, since devot- 
ing much time and attention to this great public enter-* 
prise. He is interested heart and soul in its success. 
In connection with Hon. John Sutherland, of Laporte, 
and Colonel John E. Williams, as a committee of that 
board, Mr. Haynes has direction of the state fund ap- 

2d Dist.\ 



propriated for Purdue, and the superintending of the 
farm. Since 1853 Mr. Haynes has belonged to the Or- 
der of Odd-fellows, and since 1839 has been an exem- 
plary and consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, of which his wife is also a member. He has 
always been a Democrat. Appreciating the benefit of 
knowledge, Mr. Haynes has educated his children. The 
eldest son, J. M. Haynes, was a graduate from Cleveland 
College, Ohio, and is now a master machinist, foreman 
of a large establishment at Washington, Indiana. The 
second son, John, is a scientific agriculturist, and has 
charge of the Purdue University farm. The third son, 
Samuel, spent four years at Asbury College, Greencastle. 
The fourth son, Joseph, was educated at Washington, 
and taught school for a time, but is now, with his next 
older brother, engaged in the purchase and sale of live 
stock. Robert E., the youngest, is pursuing a college 
course at Purdue. Mollie, the daughter, spent two years 
at the female school at Xenia, Ohio, and is now at home 
with her parents. 

I ORRALL, ALBION, postmaster of Washington, 
Daviess County, was born in Daviess County, In- 
diana, February 24, 1854. He is the son of Spil- 
lard F. and Jane (Crabb) Horrall. His father is 
an editor, who served through the war, and after its ter- 
mination returned to journalism, and now edits the 
Vincennes Commercial, at Vincennes, the leading Repub- 
lican paper of the county. His ancestors, for generations 
back, were Americans. After receiving instruction in 
the public schools of Daviess County, he went to Evans- 
ville, for the purpose of completing his education, on 
account of its greater advantages, as he desired to be 
fully equipped for the active duties of life. Having 
completed his schooling at the age of seventeen, he was 
for a year engaged as mailing clerk on the Evansville 
Courier. His father then removed to Terre Haute with 
his family, and young Albion obtained a similar position 
on the Evening Gazette, at Terre Haute, holding the 
position for about a year, when he and his parents re- 
moved to Washington, where his father published the 
Washington Gazette. He then worked at case and did 
general newspaper work until the age of twenty-one, 
when he became a partner with his father, and so con- 
tinued until he was appointed postmaster of Washing- 
ton. He received his appointment from the President 
in May, 1877, and entered upon his duties June II 
of the same year. This appointment was confirmed 
October3l, 1877, during the extra session of the Senate, 
and he still occupies the position. He has been a mem- 
ber of the Order of Odd-fellows for about four years, 
and has taken all the degrees up to and in the Grand 
Lodge. His family are all Methodists, and he has been 
a constant attendant of the Methodist Church all his 

life. He was married, February 22, 1878, to Mamie 
Harris, the most estimable daughter of William P. Harris, 
hotel proprietor, of Washington. They have one infant 
daughter. Mr. Horrall is one of the prominent and in- 
fluential Republican politicians of Washington, and one 
who exerts considerable influence. His Republican and 
Whig faith is hereditary. Mr. Horrall is a man of ster- 
ling integrity, honor, and uprightness, and is assiduous, 
methodical, and scrupulously correct in the discharge 
of his official duties. The manner of regulating and 
maintaining his office is characteristic of the man. 
Every thing is in its place, and every thing is in order; 
all his business is attended to with promptness and dis- 
patch. He is a man of fine capacity and punctuality. 
No complaints are ever heard of his office, it being con- 
ducted in so admirable a manner as not to permit of 
any ; and hence he is in his official capacity, as well as 
in his private life, admired by men of both political 
parties. He is a man of good personal appearance, 
above the medium height, a bright, clear eye, and an 
intelligent countenance. He is highly qualified in every 
way for the position he occupies. Though compara- 
tively young in years, he is ripe in experience, his pre- 
vious connection with the newspaper business having 
afforded him an admirable schooling in the business and 
political world. He is an active worker in the Repub- 
lican party in, we may add, a strongly Democratic dis- 
trict. Such is the man whose character we have thus 
briefly attempted to portray. He is one of the "repre- 
sentative men " of Daviess County. 

tUFF, THOMPSON D., merchant, of Bloomfield, 
Greene County, Indiana, was born in Washington 
County, Indiana, on the 14th of March, 1837. He 
*n?ti is the son of Stephen and Elizabeth Huff'. His 
father was a native of West Virginia, and his mother 
was a Kentuckian. Mr. Huff' received a common 
school education while working on his father's farm, 
and spent the early portion of his life in agricultural 
pursuits until his twentieth year, when he taught a 
district school in his home neighborhood, and after- 
ward was engaged in teaching in the village of Pal- 
myra. In 1859, in his twenty-second year, Mr. Huff' 
began mercantile life in the town of Martinsburg, 
Washington County, Indiana, selling goods for five con- 
secutive years in that town, and closing in 1864. Feb- 
ruary 26, 1864, he located in Bloomfield, his present 
home; here Mr. Huff" again engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits, in which business he yet continues, having the 
largest and finest dry-goods establishment in the county 
seat of Greene County. Mr. Huff" has never been a 
candidate or office-seeker during the whole of his busy 
life, and never held an office of trust and profit during 

1 8 


[2d Dist. 

all that time. He is public-spirited, liberal, and gener- 
ous in all things ; his hand and heart have always been 
open to the demands and appeals of charity, and his 
purse has contributed largely and freely to the build- 
ing of churches, school-houses, and public edifices. 
Mr. Huff has never been a member of any secret soci- 
ety or organization of like character, but has been an 
honored and respected member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church since the year 1866, at which time he 
made a profession of religion, and ever since has been 
prominent and active in the affairs of his Church. In 
politics he is a stalwart Republican, being one of the 
charter members of the party and casting his first vote 
for President for Abraham Lincoln, in i860. On the 
22d of September, 1859, he was married to Miss Caroline 
Andrews, daughter of W. K. Andrews, Esq., of Freder- 
icksburg, Indiana. 'l"o this happy union were born four 
children, three boys and one girl — Miss Ada, a young 
lady of many accomplishments. Mr. Huff is justly con- 
sidered one of the foremost men of the county ; his well- 
known integrity and business ability have won him an 
enviable place in the affections and minds of those who 
know him best; his business house is a model of system 
and neatness; and his whole life is an exemplification 
of what honesty, goodness, and perseverance will give 
to those who follow those paths of life which always 
lead upward. 

tYATT, ELISHA, capitalist and farmer, of Wash- 
ington, Indiana, was born in Mason County, Ken- 
tucky, in the year 1809, and is a son of Thomas 
^"^ and Margaret (McTerren) Hyatt. She was of 
Irish descent, while his father was of German origin, 
and was known as an energetic, thrifty, and indus- 
trious farmer, and served as a volunteer in the War of 
1812. He was born in Washington, Pennsylvania, and 
with his parents settled near May's Lick, in Kentucky, 
when quite a small boy. Upon his return from the War 
of 1 81 2, after the ratification of peace, Mr. Hyatt re- 
mained in Kentucky, farming on rented ground, not 
being able to purchase. In 1823 he removed with his 
family, and settled in or near Washington, Daviess 
County, Indiana, and bought one hundred acres of im- 
proved land, for one thousand dollars, and forty acres 
of unimproved land adjoining, raising a sufficient quan- 
tity of grain the first season to carry them through the 
coming year. The father cut wood, and Elisha hauled 
it to town, receiving fifty cents per four-horse load. 
The family at this time consisted of seven children, four 
boys and three girls, who are all living with the excep- 
tion of one sister, who died in 1841. She had married 
Mr. Veale, and had two sons, one of whom, John, re- 
moved to California, while James is an extensive farmer 
and stock-raiser in Daviess County. When a young 

man, Elisha Hyatt was very backward in his manner, 
lacking self-confidence; and he remained at home until 
he had attained the age of twenty-four years, devoting 
all his energy to the assistance of his father. He then 
hired as a flat-boat hand, at thirty dollars per month, to 
go to New Orleans, and on his return home had saved 
twelve dollars. This he lent to a neighbor at six per 
cent, and made another trip in the same capacity, being 
careful to save his earnings. This small beginning 
formed the corner-stone upon which he has built, adding 
little by little, until to-day Jie is reputed to be the 
wealthiest man in Daviess County, and, in fact, in that 
portion of the state. His father induced him to kill a 
■few hogs he had to spai-e, and purchase a few more, and 
try his fortune as a trader. With seventy hogs loaded 
in a boat which was waiting for part of a load, he pro- 
ceeded down the river, and coasted along the Missis- 
sippi; but, finding this slow work, he proceeded to Bayou 
Lafourche, seventy miles above New Orleans, and at 
Tebedoreville sold out at a small profit. The next sea- 
son they packed about two hundred hogs and loaded 
a boat, adding corn and barrels of flour to fill out. 
Having made this trip with some profit, he helped 
his father to buy some more land adjoining the first pur- 
chase. The next spring they made another venture at a 
considerable profit, and, having now a capital of four hun- 
dred dollars, concluded to start a grocery-store in Wash- 
ington, the principal stock of which consisted in liquors. 
The following winter he made up a small boatload and 
went South, where he sold out. While there he pur- 
chased the remnant of a boat-load of bacon and hams 
of Thomas B. Graham, selling part of them at Port 
Gibson and the remainder at New Orleans, at' a loss 
of all the profit realized on his own venture. He then 
returned to Washington, and, after paying expenses, 
having five hundred dollars left, purchased, in conjunc- 
tion with Mr. Graham, an old stock of dry-goods. They 
bought boots, shoes, hats, etc., at Louisville, running in 
debt fourteen thousand dollars, and opened a general 
store. Tliey carried on an immense credit business, re- 
ceiving in exchange for goods all kinds of produce, 
which, as fast as they procured a boat-load, they shipped 
South. The credit of the firm was unlimited, and they 
continued in business until 1842, making a considerable 
amount of money and acquiring a vast amount of prop- 
erty. Upon the dissolution of the partner.ship, Mr. 
Hyatt carried on business on his own account for a year, 
and then took in a partner named Helphistone, under 
the firm name of Hyatf & Helphistone. This partner- 
ship continued for six years, after which Mr. Hyatt 
conducted the business alone. He was married, in 
December, 1S39, to Mrs. Martha Mcjunkin, widow 
of Doctor Marion Mcjunkin, to whom seven children 
have been born. Four are now living. The oldest son, 
Thomas, and the second son, Tlieodore, volunteered in 

■AeslErn Biogl Pub Co 

LP /j^4t Q^ 'ff^ A^ 

2d Dist.] 



the army of 1S61. Thomas was wounded in the battle 
of Pittsburgh Landing, and died after reaching Evans- 
ville on his way back. Theodore returned home near 
the close of the war, and while gumming a saw was 
fatally injured by the bursting of an emery-wheel. 
Hiram Hyatt, the third son, is a banker in Washing- 
ton, and a member of the firm of Hyatt, Levings & Co. 
He was born in Washington, Indiana, June 6, 1847, 
attended school at that place, and also at Vincennes and 
Louisville, and has always remained with his father. 
He was married, February II, 1873, to Miss Emma Van 
Trees, a native of Washington, and daughter of Colonel 
Van Trees, one of the pioneers of Daviess County. In 
politics he sympathizes with the Republican party. He 
is a member of the Presbyterian Church. He is highly 
respected and esteemed, and is known all over this coun- 
try as an upright, honorable, and courteous gentleman. 
Richard, the fourth, and Elisha, the fifth son, are engaged 
in farming in the country. Of the daughters, Elizabeth 
is the wife of Isaac Parsons, of Vincennes; and Lydia is 
the wife of Mr. Rogers, the leading hardware merchant 
of Washington. Mr. Hyatt says that a great measure 
of his success in life must be attributed to his beloved 
wife, who was economical and industrious, always watch- 
ing her husband's interests with jealous care, and one of 
his chief advisers. He has owned and built many steam- 
mills, steam and canal boats and barges, and has traded 
largely in land. He will this season plant and cultivate 
four thousand acres of corn, and has eight hundred 
acres of growing wheat. On White River, near Wash- 
ington, he has constructed an elevator for the handling 
of grain in large quantities, which is connected by a 
switch with the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad. In 
Washington, and all over Daviess and adjoining counties, 
Mr. Hyatt is justly regarded as the man who has done 
more than any other towards developing the various in- 
dustries of the country. He is beloved and respected 
by every person in the community, as a gentleman of 
strict integrity; and his character stands above reproach. 

fONES, CHARLES W., city treasurer of Vincennes, 
Indiana, was born October 18, 1842, being the son 
of Edwin M. and Susan (McCall) Jones. His 
V-'i) father was a Virginian. He removed to Knox 
County, Indiana, when young, and was there married. 
His great-grandfather on his mother's side, Christopher 
Wyant, was a very prominent man in the early days of 
Vincennes. He built the first jail in the county, and 
was the first county sheriff. He held many other prom- 
inent positions, and was also a large land-owner. Charles 
W. attended the common schools of the city, afterwards 
the Vincennes University, and finally entered the Flu- 
vanna Institute, in Fluvanna County, East Virginia. 
A— 7 

During his last year at this school the institute was 
given up on account of the breaking out of the Rebell- 
ion, and he returned to Knox County, Indiana, going 
to work on his father's farm. There he remained until 
1871, when he went to the city of Vincennes and en- 
gaged in the coal trade, which he is still carrying on. 
Subsequently, he added wood and ice interests to his 
business, and he is also operating in the grain trade. 
In 1873 he was appointed city clerk, and served the 
term. Upon the death of the city treasurer, in 1875, ^^ 
was appointed to fill the vacancy. In the spring of the 
same year he was elected to the office, and was re- 
elected in 1877. In political matters Mr. Jones has al- 
ways acted with the Democracy, and he is regarded as 
one of the leading Democrats of the city. He was 
brought up a Methodist, but in early manhood became 
a Baptist, and is now a member of the First Baptist 
Church of Vincennes. He was married, October 18, 
1870, at Oakland, Nelson County, Virginia, to Mary C. 
Thomas, daughter of Captain George T. Thomas, a 
wealthy tobacco planter of Virginia. He is the father 
of two children, one boy and one girl. Although com- 
paratively a young man, he is regarded as one of the 
most useful in the city, and is noted for his genial man- 
ners. No young man in the city can count more true 
friends than Mr. Jones. 

fUDAI-I, SAMUEL, deceased, of Vincennes, Indi- 
ana, was born in New York City in 1798. He is 
a son of Samuel and Catherine (Hart) Judah. His 
father was a merchant, and was one of those who 
furnished General Washington with supplies during the 
terrible winter at Valley Forge. On account of his 
sympathy for the colonists the British, on their occupa- 
tion of New York City, ruined him in a financial point 
of view. The Judah family were among the warmest 
friends of the army, and did every thing in their power 
to make the Revolution a success. Mr. Judah's mother 
was the daughter of the Mr. Hart who was an officer 
on the staff of Governor Allemand, of Canada, the 
Hart family having settled in Canada in very early 
days. Mr. Judah fitted for college in the schools of 
New York, and entered Rutgers College, New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey, graduating in the summer of 1816, 
and immediately commenced the study of law. He was 
admitted to the bar in New Jersey, and in 1818 emigrated 
to the West, and located at Vincennes, Indiana, and 
July 15, 1819, was admitted to practice in the Supreme 
Court of the state, being one of the first attorneys 
whose names were enrolled by that court. Upon his 
arrival in Vincennes he began the labors of his profes- 
sion, which he followed all of his life. January 30, 
1840, he was admitted as a counselor in the Supreme 



[Jii Dhi. 

Court of Louisiana, and was at this time engaged with 
the Hon. Henry Clay in an important land case. He 
also was admitted to plead in many other states, and on 
January 13, 1851, became a member of the bar of the 
Supreme Court of the United States, then sitting at 
Washington, District of Columbia. He was at first a 
Democrat and afterwards a Whig. He was appointed 
United States attorney for the state of Indiana, was a 
member of the Legislature, and was also speaker of the 
Indiana House of Representatives He was married to 
Harriet Brandon, of Corydon, Indiana, daughter of A. 
Brandon, Indiana state printer, and postmaster at 
Corydon, by whom he had eleven children, of whom 
three sons and, one daughter are now living. John M. 
is a practicing attorney of Indianapolis, and is fast win- 
ning his way to prominence ; Noble B. is a practicing 
attorney of Chicago, and is a member of the law firm of 
Hitchcock, Dupee & Judah, and is fast acquiring dis- 
tinction in the profession, as the firm of which he is a 
member is the leading one of the city ; Caroline mar- 
ried Doctor Mantle, of Vincennes ; Catharine married 
General Lazarus Noble ; and Alice married Frank Clark, 
manufacturer at Vincennes. Samuel B., the oldest son, 
is farming at Vincennes. Mr. Judah died April 24, 
1869; and in his death the city of Vincennes and the 
state of Indiana suffered an irreparable loss, as he was 
regarded as the most eminent jurist in the state. As a 
citizen of Vincennes he was greatly beloved and ad- 
mired by the entire community. His home was noted 
as one of wealth, culture, refinement, and hospitality. 
His wife still survives him, and her old age is rendered 
pleasant by the great love of her children. 

'^[FEITH, BENJAMIN F., physician and surgeon, 
\A Edwardsport, Knox County, Indiana, was born 
/.}-ir in the same county. May 15, 1825. He is a son 
of John and Delilah Keith, who moved from 
Kentucky to Knox County in 1814. His maternal 
grandfather was for some time a soldier in the war with 
the Indians, serving under General Wayne, known in 
history as "Mad Anthony." The early life of Doctor 
Keith was spent on his father's farm, performing the 
severest manual labor of his time, clearing the forests 
and tilling the soil in summer and autumn, and attend- 
ing school for a few weeks in winter in a log-cabin, 
He very early in life determined to adopt the "healing 
art" as his profession; and so, in 1849, he left the farm 
and went to Edwardsport, entering the office of Doctor 
J. T. Freeland, where he began a course of reading, 
which he continued with close application for two 
years, after which time he removed to (lie town of 
Jonesboro, Greene County, Indiana, and commenced the 
practice of medicine in partnership with Doctor Cul- 

bertson. The partnership continued for only a few 
months ; but he still remained at Jonesboro until 1854, 
when he again moved to Robinson, Illinois, where, in 
partnership with Doctor William Watts, he practiced 
his profession for three years. He then entered Rush 
Medical College, where he graduated in 1858. Imme- 
diately after this he located at Edwardsport, where he has 
ever since lived. Doctor Keith has always avoided polit- 
ical incumbrances, never holding any office except trus- 
tee of his township for two terms. He prefers to devote 
his time and attention to the requirements of his pro- 
fession and to the general search for knowledge. And 
that his investigations have been profitable, all can at- 
test who know him. Doctor Keith had little or no early 
intellectual training, yet at present he is one of the best- 
informed men on general topics to be found in the 
state, while in medical literature he stands far in ad- 
vance of the average practitioner. He is still devoted 
to his books, journals, magazines, and newspapers, and 
so keeps himself well up with the times in the knowl- 
edge of his art and in the current news of the day. In 
his profession none stand higher, and the counsels of 
few are sought more eagerly. Doctor Keith has always 
been a steadfast advocate of all moral, religious, and 
material growth and development, aiding in building 
churches and school-houses. He was long a member 
of the Baptist Church, and still clings to th&t faith. 
He joined the Independent Order of Odd-fellows in 
1854, but never belonged to any other secret organiza- 
zation. He was a Whig in the days of that party, 
casting his first presidential vote for Zachary Taylor 
m 1848. He is now and has always been a Republican 
since the organization of the party. His first marriage 
was to Miss Emily Culbertson, on the 6th of November, 
1849. He was soon deprived of this companion, and, on 
the 23d of August, i860, was married to Mrs. Koons, 
his estimable and esteemed companion. Doctor Keith 
is the father of six children, five of whom are living, 
and are honored and respected for their intelligence 
and moral worth. Considering the inauspicious begin- 
ning of the life of Doctor Keith, it is proper to say 
that few men have equaled him in his achievements 
and successes. 

^ ^^"^ 

,,.., law, Washington, Daviess County, Indiana, was 
/Ix born in Campbell County, Kentucky, December 
31, 1847. He is a son of Robert T. and Maria 
A. Kercheval, the former a native of Kentucky and the 
latter of Virginia. At an early age his parents moved 
to Grandview, Indiana, where his lime was occupied in 
the common schools of the place and as a newsboy, 
selling papers, and in working in a tobacco factory. His 
father, Robert T. Kercheval, began life as a blacksmith, 

2d Dist.\ 


pursuing that calling zealously for many years, and after- 
wards filled many official positions in Spencer County, 
Indiana. He was treasurer of nis county two terms, 
from 1864 to 1868, and in October, 1868, he was elected 
to the General Assembly of the state of Indiana, as 
Representative, being a member of that body at the 
time of the ratification of the fifteenth amendment to the 
Constitution of the United States, and casting his vote 
in favor of such ratification. In 1870 he and a few 
other gentlemen, Samuel E. Kercheval being one, or- 
ganized the Rockport Banking Company, of which he 
was elected the cashier, a position he still holds. In 
1864 the subject of this sketch was employed as mail 
messenger on an Ohio River packet plying between 
Evansville and Cairo. When Samuel E. Kercheval was 
eighteen years of age his father removed from Grandview 
to Rockport, the county seat of Spencer County, where 
he still resides. At the age of seventeen Mr. Kercheval 
entered the county treasurer's office as deputy treasurer, 
holding that situation four years, and at the same time 
was deputy auditor under Captain Samuel Laird. From 
December 26, 1868, to October 20, 1869, he was deputy 
sheriff under Clement A. Damerman. December I, 1869, 
he returned to Grandview, and until September i, 1871, 
he was engaged in manufacturing wagons, buggies, 
plows, and many other farm implements. This proved 
to be a prosperous and successful enterprise, and at the 
time was the chief business of the place, he having sev- 
eral men in his employment. Soon after the close of 
this business he again removed to Rockport, and until 
July, 1872, was engaged with the Rockport Banking 
Company as assistant cashier. On the 24th of July, 
1S72, Mr. Kercheval began the publication of the Rock- 
port h'epu/iliian Journal, of which he was the editor and 
proprietor. His natural fondness for politics found here 
an ample field for cultivation, and well did he improve 
the opportunity. His paper soon took rank among the 
leading weeklies of the state, as a faithful, true, and 
fearless advocate of the principles of the Republican 
party; and it was the only paper in Southern Indiana 
which, in the years 1874, 1875, ^"^ '876, boldly advo- 
cated the resumption of specie payments and the adop- 
tion of a hard-money currency as a standard of values. 
His fearless and outspoken course in these years won for 
him a high place in the counsels of his party, and this, 
with his known skill as an organizer and manager of cam- 
paigns, induced them to call him into service as the 
chairman of the county central committee during the 
campaigns of 1874 and 1876. He continued in charge 
of his paper till April, 1877, when he sold the office in 
order to enter the legal profession. Although young 
and inexperienced m the newspaper field, he was suc- 
cessful beyond the most sangunie expectations of him- 
self or his friends. As an imaginative, versatile, and 
witty writer he had few, if any, equals in the local 

press of the state, and as a business manager he was 
a decided success. From April 4, 1877, to January i, 
1878, Mr. Kercheval was engaged settling up his busi- 
ness affairs preparatory to removing from Rockport. 
February 7, 1878, he removed to Washington, Indiana, 
his present home, and immediately thereafter formed a 
copartnership with William Armstrong for the practice 
of law, and is now junior member of the firm of Arm- 
strong & Kercheval. In the campaign of 1878 he stood 
at the head of his party in Daviess County as leader 
and organizer, and, as an evidence of his skill and tact 
in this respect, it is only necessary to state that nearly 
the entire Republican ticket was elected by majorities 
ranging from one hundred and fifty-one to six hundred 
and ninety, and this, too, in a county which generally 
gives a Democratic majority of about three hundred. 
Mr. Kercheval joined the Independent Order of Odd- 
fellows, May I, 1869. He is now, and ever has been, a 
steadfast member of the Republican party, being can- 
did, frank, and always outspoken, but never permitting 
his political affiliations to be a barrier to personal friend- 
ships. He is esteemed even by his most' inveterate 
political opponents. October 20, 1869, he was married 
to Miss Cornelia Brown, his present estimable and intel- 
ligent lady, daughter of Samuel G. Brown, of Rockport, 
Indiana. He is the father of two children, both of 
whom are living. Mr. Kercheval is a gentleman of 
fine physical appearance, and has many warm personal 
friends. He has often been solicited to accept nomina- 
tions from his party for various offices, but has so far 
declined. Few men in Indiana stand higher in the 
counsels of his party than he, and none have better 
records for honesty and sterling integrity. His unfal- 
tering devotion to the principles of the Republican 
party is certainly destined to bring him into a position 
of prominence commensurate with his skill and judg- 
ment as a politician. 

^ff^EE, CLEMENT, Washington, Daviess County, one 
HJj' of the largest millers in that section of the state, 
VVj and one of Washington's most successful business 
£^c- men, was born in Lawrence County, Indiana, 
October 8, 1822. His parents were Joseph and Minnie 
Lee. He is a man who, without any peculiar or extraor- 
dinary advantages in early life, has, by his own energy, 
mdustry, and pluck, pushed himself to the front rank of 
men of his town and county, demonstrating the fact 
that steady industry, honor, and integrity bring their 
own reward. His education consisted of the ordinary 
schooling, which he made the most of, as he possessed 
an aptness for study. On leaving school at the age of 
seventeen he served an apprenticeship to the blacksmith's 
trade, in which he continued, together with farming, for 
some fifteen years. In 1856 he added to his business 


\2d Dist. 

thai of a miller, and is still in that occupation. He 
has already accumulated a fair competence, and enjoys 
as a result of his labors a luxurious and happy home, 
where he is surrounded by his family, to whom he is much 
attached, being a man of domestic virtues. In religious 
views he is liberal. He is a Democrat in politics. 
May 22, 1880, he was nominated by the Democratic 
party for Representative to the House from Daviess 
County, a position that he is well qualified to fill. Mr. 
Lee is a man of good personal appearance, is pleasing 
in manner and address, and is an educated and courteous 
gentleman, honored and respected by all who know him. 
He was married, January 2, 1842, to Sarah Wells, 
daughter of C. Wells, Esq., a large farmer of Daviess 
County. They have a charming family, consisting of 
five daughters and one son. Mr. Lee is looked upon 
as one of the leading men of Daviess County. 

jffll'ASS, CAPTAIN ISAAC, proprietor of the Union 
'Jiijll Depot Hotel, at Vincennes, Indiana, was born in 
t,^,(,'l Baltimore, Maryland, September 20, 1810, and 
Y's^' was a son of John and Mary (Essies) Mass. His 
father was a master cedar cooper. Isaac was the young- 
est of nine children, and is the only one now living. 
His oldest brother, Samuel, was, in 1833, president of the 
Maryland state Senate, and for many years was a member 
of the city council of Baltimore. He was a prominent 
Mason, and also served in the War of 181 2, and was 
wounded at the battle of North Point, Baltimore. When 
Isaac was nine years of age he lost his mother. At the 
age of twelve he began the trade of coach trimmer, 
serving seven and a half years, and, after he had com- 
pleted his time, was employed for six months in Balti- 
more and Newark, New Jersey. While at Newark he 
saw an advertisement in the papers for workmen to go 
to the City of Mexico, and in February, 1832, he sailed 
from New York in the ship "Congress," commanded by 
Captain Miner. He landed at Vera Cruz after a voyage 
of twenty-one days, and left for Mexico the day after 
the battle between Santa Anna and Bustamente, making 
the journey on horseback, after procuring a pass from 
Santa Anna through the lines of Bustamente. He 
worked at his trade for Don Manuel Escandon, who had 
a line of stages from Mexico to Vera Cruz. In Decem- 
ber, 1833, he returned to the United States, and, after 
visiting New Orleans, New York, and Philadelphia, he 
spent a few months at his old home in Baltimore, when 
he again concluded to return to Mexico. Going over- 
l.tnd through the Western States, he stopped one night 
at Vincennes, Indiana, at the hotel of Colonel John C. 
Clark, who also had a line of stages carrying the United 
States mail to Louisville, Kentucky. The colonel, learn- 
ing that he was a coach finisher, and having shops of 

his own, prevailed upon him to stop over and finish two 
coaches he had on hand. Being a Freemason, Captain 
Mass soon made many acquaintances, and at a ball given 
by Colonel Clark he became acquainted with Miss Em- 
eline McCutchen, whom he married October 14, 1835. 
Previous to this time he purchased the shops of Colonel 
Clark. He carried on the business until 1843, when he 
was burned out. He was then appointed deputy sheriff 
of Knox County. In 1844 he was elected sheriff, and 
in 1S46 was re-elected. Upon retiring from the office, 
in 1848, he opened a general store and also a pork- 
packing establishment, and sold out in 1852, having lost 
all he had on produce shipped to New Orleans. He 
built the first eleven miles of the Ohio and Mississippi 
Railroad from Vincennes east, and in 1854 erected the 
Star Flour-mills, at Vincennes, which he operated until 
they were burned out, in 1856. He then opened a gen- 
eral auction house, and continued in that business until 
the late war, when, in July, 1862, he recruited a com- 
pany for the 65th Regiment Indiana Volunteer Mounted 
Infantry, and was commissioned lieutenant. He was 
elected captain of the company in the same month. 
After serving one year in Kentucky on detached service, 
he became a part of General Schofield's army corps, 
July 12, 1863, and participated in many engagements, 
notable among which was the taking of Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee. He resigned April 30, 1864, on account of ill- 
health, and was elected sutler of the 65th Regiment 
Indiana Volunteers, but before he could get his goods 
to the regiment General Sherman had moved the army 
south, forbidding all sutlers to follow. General James 
B. Stedman, commanding at Chattanooga, granted him 
the privilege of disposing of his goods at wholesale. 
He then took charge of the government mess houses, 
and remained in charge until the military railroads were 
turned over, in December, 1865. January I, 1866, he 
left Chattanooga and returned to Vincennes, and pur- 
chased the New York dry-goods and grocery store, 
which he sold out in a few months at a profit. He then 
bought the railroad eating-house at the crossing of the 
Oiiio and Mississippi and Erie and Chicago Railroads, 
and was burned out in 1870. At that time, in company 
with his present partner, L. L. Watson, he built the 
Union Depot Hotel. He also assisted in putting up the 
new gas works, of which, having bought out the old 
gas company, he is president. Captain Mass did not 
have school advantages in his young days, but has, by 
his own energy, acquired a fair English education. He 
has furnished many contributions for the papers on the 
early history of Knox County, and also written several able 
articles on political economy, of which he is an earnest 
student. By his first wife he was the father of five 
children, one of whom, the wife of William S. Sterne, of 
Sedalia, Missouri, is now living. He was married to his 
present wife, Mary A. Thorn Raper, daughter of Hon. 

2d Dis/.] 


William Raper, of Vincennes, October 7, 1847. They' 
have had seven children, of whom two sons and two 
daughters are now living. Samuel is a farmer, and 
Lewis B. lives in Vincennes. Mary E. is the wife of 
Eugene Johnson, who is bookkeeper for his father-in- 
law. Carrie is at home with her parents. Captain 
Mass was educated an Episcopalian, but now attends 
the Presbyterian Church, of which his wife is a member. 
In politics he was a Whig, then a Know-Nothing, and 
then a Republican, but has become disgusted with par- 
ties, and now votes for the man best qualified to fill the 
position. Captain Mass is a whole-souled, genial gentle- 
man, and it is said by his friends, who are legion, that 
he is one of the most honorable and useful citizens of 


EACHAM, ALFRED B., ex-commissioner of 
Indian affairs, was born in Orange County, In- 
diana, April 29, 1826. In 1841 his family emi- 
grated to Iowa, settling near Iowa City, where 
his father, Anderson Meacham, a substantial farmer, 
still resides. In 1845, Alfred aided in removing the Sac 
and Fox Indians to the reservation assigned them after 
the Black Hawk War. In 1850 he went to California in 
search of gold, returning in 1852 for the girl he left be- 
hind him. Miss Orpha Ferree, of Brighton, Iowa. For 
some years he followed mining with varying success, 
being sometimes on the revolving wheel of fortune, and 
again down low on its rim, but ever maintaining those 
elements of integrity, courage, and enterprise, inherited 
from a long line of Quaker and Methodist ancestors, 
which had taken vigorous root in his nature during the 
years of his youth, fostered by good counsel, virtuous 
example, and the admirable conditions incident to the 
life of a pioneer farmer's son. He subsequently, in com- 
pany with his brother Harvey, located a ranche in the 
Blue Mountain region, erected a hotel, and built a toll 
road on the trail from Idaho to Oregon, which for years 
was the principal thoroughfare for stages, pack tr.iins, 
and emigrants. This ] is still known as Meacham's 
Station, and it escaped pillage and destruction by the 
Bannock Indians during the war of 1877, through the 
respe'ct those Indians had for its founder. He was a 
temperance man of the total abstinence type from boy- 
hood, and achieved fame as a temperance orator, mak- 
ing his first speech from the head of a whisky barrel in 
a saloon in San Francisco, in 1850 or 1851. He took a 
leading part in the organization of temperance societies 
and Sabbath-schools in that state. In politics he was 
first Whig, and then Republican, and always earnest and 
active. In 1868, and again in 1872, he was selected by 
his party to represent it as state elector, and in both 
those campaigns he made a thorough and aile canvass, 
and in 1872 a successful one, achieving the honor and 

having the pleasure of representing Oregon in the Elec- 
toral College, and casting the vote of that state for U. S. 
Grant. In 1869 he was appointed to the responsible 
office of superintendent of Indian affairs for the state of 
Oregon, which position he filled for almost four years, 
with characteristic ability, and with an earnest devotion 
to the best interests of both the Indians and the gov- 
ernment. During this time he prevented war with Cap- 
tain Jack by visiting him at the peril of his own life. 
He remained in council with him for three days, and 
finally secured his confidence and made a treaty, which 
was afterwards broken by the government through its 
agents, the result of which was the Modoc War of 
1872-73. At the earnest solicitation of Secretary Delano 
and President Grant, he accepted the chairmanship of a 
commission to the Modocs in the early part of 1873, ^"d 
under instructions met General Canby at his headquar- 
ters, at Faiichild's Ranche, twenty-five miles from the 
Modoc camp in the Lava Beds. His efforts to secure a 
treaty of peace were constantly rendered abortive by the 
action and movements of the army ; and at the final 
council, the Indians, having lost all faith in the honor- 
able intentions of the government, and all patience 
under the wrongs they had suffered, and were still suffer- 
ing, fired upon the commission, killing General Canby 
and Doctor Thomas, and lodging seven balls in Colonel 
Meacham's body. They supposed him dead, as he was 
unconscious, and, as they claim, pulseless, but he sur- 
vived to write a history of the affair, and to spend the 
remainder of his providentially preserved life in expos- 
ing the wrongs, defending the rights, and pleading the 
claims, of the race at whose hands he suffered so much. 
When his death was reported, his political enemies said 
of him, " Meacham was a man of strong will and posi 
tive character." He made warm friends and bitter ene- 
mies. He has not fully recovered from his wounds, nor 
ever can. He has not had since, nor will he probably dur- 
ing his life have, an hour of perfect respite from pain. 
Yet he has since written a book, "Wigwam and War- 
path," another, " Wi-ne-ma and Her People," and a 
pamphlet, "Tragedy of the Lava Beds," and is still at 
work. After two years of almost hopeless despair and 
physical and mental prostration. Providence, whose 
ways are past finding out, raised up for Colonel Meacham 
friends who were fitted by nature, education, and expe- 
rience to again cheat the grave and restore him to health 
and labor, in the persons of Doctors T. A. and M. 
Cora Bland. Of these noble-hearted Samaritans, Colonel 
Meacham says: 

"They have found me walking on the crumbling 
verge of the grave, half paralyzed, with biain congested, 
spirit broken, helpless, hopeless, and friendless in a 
great cily. They have fought death away from me, and 
by their united skill restored me to comparative health 
and hope, always declaring that I had a work to do, 
and that it was theirs to be co-workers. For two years 



\2d Dist. 

these friends gave undivided time and professional skill, 
traveling, lecturing, and writing upon the Indian ques- 
tion, in order to restore me to manhood; never faltering 
in the belief that they were working for the Master in 
saving me to labor for God's poor, despised children. If 
the seven hundred speeches I have made, and twenty 
numbers of the Cotwril Fire I have issued, have ac- 
complished any thing for the Indian, the Indian owes a 
great debt of gratitude to the doctors who saved me 
from death, and have stood by me through good and ill. 
But for them no Council Fire would have ever been 
kindled in behalf of justice to a despised race." 

This worthy tribute he pays them in the pages of his 
publication, the Council Fii'e, a paper issued to miet the 
demand for a journal devoted to the Indian cause. And 
the Council Fire blazes to a good purpose in the capital 
of the nation, lighting up the dark phases of the Indian 
question, and warming the hearts of the oppressed red men 
in the wigwams of the far West. He is a member of the 
United States commission to the Utes. Their duties 
consist chiefly in selecting a home for those people, di- 
viding their lands in severalty, providing schools, etc. 
His appointment met with unanimous approval by the 

fOORE, DOCTOR JACKSON L., physician and 
surgeon, of Washington, Indiana, was born in 
Laurel County, Kentucky, January l6, 1833, and 
i"V^ is a son of Uriah and Amanda (Sellers) Moore. 
His father, who was a farmer, emigrated from Kentucky 
to Indiana, and settled in Bedford in 1836. He is still 
living in that city, having retired from the active life 
of the farm. Jackson I^. attended the common schools 
of the country, and acquired his medical education at 
the Louisville and the Evansville medical colleges. Grad- 
uating from the latter in the year 1866, he immediately 
began the labors of his profession at Elliotsville, Indiana, 
where he remained one year. He then removed to Da- 
viess County, where he has been in continual practice 
for the last twenty-two years. The Doctor is a member, 
and is at this time one of the censors, of the Daviess 
County Medical Society. He is also a member of the 
State and of the Tri-state Medical Societies, the latter 
of which has honored him witli the position of one of 
its vice-presidents. He was married. May 12, 1853, to 
Jane S. Dye, daughter of a farmer of Lawrence County, 
Indiana. Five children have been born to them. He 
was brought up in the Methodist Episcopal faith, and 
is now a member of a Church of that denomination. 
On the breaking out of the Rebellion, Doctor Moore 
raised a company, which was attached to the 27th Reg- 
iment Indiana Volunteers, and received a commission 
from Governor Morton as a captain. He proceeded with 
the regiment to Washington City, but in March, 1862, 
was compelled to resign, on account of ill-health. Re- 
turning to Washington, Indiana, he resumed his prac- 

tice, which has become large, he being considered one 
of the leading physicians of Daviess County. He has 
been closely identified with the growth and prosperity 
of the city of his adoption, and is highly respected and 
esteemed as one of its useful citizens. In political mat- 
ters he has always been an active Republican. 

Jll'cINTIRE, DOCTOR ELIHU S., editor and pro- 
prietor of the Mitchell Commercial, of Mitchell, 
iL\ Indiana, was born at Marietta, Ohio, January 9, 
1832, being a son of Charles and Isabelle (Daily) 
Mclntire. The Mclntire family were refugees from 
Ireland, and, emigrating to the United States during the 
Revolution of 1798, settled in Pennsylvania. The Dailys 
were one of the old families of Virginia. Doctor Mc- 
Intire's father, who is still living, was a farmer, and on 
leaving Pennsylvania settled at Marietta, Ohio. In the 
year i8i6 he purchased and brought into the state the 
first steam-engine ever used in Indiana. It was oper- 
ated in a corn-mill at New Harmony. Elihu S. was 
reared on the farm, a.ssisting his father, and attending 
the schools of Spencer County whenever possible, his 
father having removed to that county in 1839. At the 
age of nineteen he taught school, having, by close at- 
tention to study, fitted himself for that occupation. The 
money earned in this way he expended in advancing 
his medical studies, which he began in 1853 with Doc- 
tor De Bruler, of Rockport, Indiana. In 1855 he 
entered the Iowa State University, and graduated from 
the medical department in 1857, immediately com. 
mencing practice at Dallas City, Illinois. Remaining 
here until 1862, he was appointed first, assistant sur- 
geon of the 78th Illinois Regiment Volunteer Infantry, 
which position, together with an appointment in hos- 
pital service as contract surgeon, lie retained until 
1863, when, owing to ill-health, he was compelled to 
resign. On leaving his place in the army, he im- 
mediately began his labors in the county of Craw- 
ford, Indiana, and, in the year 1865, removed to 
Mitchell, where he has ever since resided, and where 
he continued discharging the duties of his profession 
until 1872. Having a suitable opportunity, he then 
purchased the Mitchell Commercial, editing and pub- 
lishing that newspaper ever since in the interests of 
the Republican party, to which he is warmly attached. 
It is an able and progressive newspaper. He was 
united in marriage, on the twelfth day of November, 
1856, to Miss Margaret Bowers, the daughter of a 
farmer, of Spencer County, Indiana. Six children 
have been born to them. Doctor Mclntire has been 
solicitous to do every thing that was possible for 
him to do to promote the best interests of the 
place of his residence, and has been closely identified 

2d Dist.\ 



with the growth and prosperity of the town of Mitchell 
and of Lawrence County, having done all in his power, 
by the liberal use of his paper, to forward her many 
interests. He is regarded as a useful citizen, and es- 
teemed as a clever, genial gentleman. He is a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Indiana, was born in Jackson County, Indiana, 
July 19, 1821. He is a son of William and Susan 
C. (Harrell) Newland. His father, who was a 
farmer, emigrated to Indiana from North Carolina in 
1816. Until arriving at the age of twelve the lad Ben- 
jamin remained at home, going to school during the win- 
ter months. At that age he was appointed mail-carrier 
between Orleans and Indianapolis, and Bedford and 
Versailles. For three years, both winter and summer, 
he followed this occupation on horseback. In the win- 
ter of 1839-40 he cut and split ten thousand rails, and 
in the winter of 1840-41 taught school. In January i, 
1842, he entered the office of Doctor Elijah Newland, 
and began the study of medicine. In 1844-45, ^^ ^t" 
tended lectures in the Medical Department of the Univer- 
sity of Louisville. April 7, 1845, ^'^ opened an office in 
Bedford, Indiana, and practiced his profession during 
1845-46, when he returned to Louisville, where he grad- 
uated in 1847. He then returned to Bedford, where he 
has continued his practice ever since. In 1849 he was 
commissioned captain of cavalry in the state militia, and 
in 1852 was appointed brigadier-general of militia. In 
the same year he was elected to the state Senate to rep- 
resent Lawrence County. During 1S54-55 he was pres- 
ident of the Bedford branch of the Bank of the state, 
and in 1856 was a delegate to the National Democratic 
Convention at Cincinnati which nominated James Bu- 
chanan. Upon the breaking out of the Rebellion the 
Doctor tendered his services to Governor Morton, and 
was commissioned surgeon of the 22d Regiment Indiana 
Volunteers, and with the regiment was ordered to Mis- 
souri. September 6, 1861, he was appointed medical 
director of the central district of Missouri, with head- 
quarters at Jefferson City, where he established a hos- 
pital of four thousand beds. On General Fremont's 
removal he was assigned to duty with the division of 
General Jefferson C. Davis, in the Army of the South, 
Curtis's army corps, and one week before the battle of 
Pea Ridge was assigned as medical director of his divis- 
ion, and had charge during that memorable battle. At 
luka, Mississippi, the Doctor also established a hospital 
of five thousand beds, and, when the division was or- 
dered to Kentucky, asked to be relieved, and came 
north with it to Louisville. He was present at (he 
battle of Perryville, Kentucky, and rcmaineil un the i 

field one week after the fight, directing the care of the 
wounded. On November 4, 1862, the Doctor resigned 
his commission, and returned to Bedford, where he re- 
sumed his practice. In 1876 he was a delegate to the 
National Democratic Convention at St. Louis, which 
nominated Tilden for the presidency. The Doctor has 
been chairman of the county central committee many 
times, and has been a delegate in many of the party 
conventions in county and state. He was made a Mason 
in 1849, filling many prominent positions, and taking all 
the degrees to Knight Templar. For twenty years he 
has been a member of the American Medical Society, 
and for twenty-seven years a member of the State Med- 
ical Society, a member of the Lawrence County Medical 
Society, and also a member of the Mitchell District 
Medical Society. In 1879 he was president of the State 
Medical Society, and at the close of the session deliv- 
ered the annual address, which was highly commended 
by the press, and received with unbounded satisfaction 
by the society. The Doctor was married, December 
28, 1846, to Louisa A. Curry, of Salem, Indiana, to 
whom four daughters have been born — Helen, Laura, 
Mary, and Kate — the youngest the wife of Hon. James 
Willard. The Doctor has, by close attention to the 
wants of the public, and by hard study, succeeded in 
becoming the leading physician and surgeon of the 
county, and enjoys the most lucrative practice of any 
of the physicians in this section. lie is a genial, court- 
eous gentleman, a respected and useful citizen, and is 
closely identified with the growth and prosperity of 
Bedford and Lawrence County. 

ORVELL, HORACE V., M. D., of Bloomfield, 
Greene County, Indiana, was born in Lawrence 
County, Indiana, July 20, 1839. He is the son 
of Ralph G. Norvell, M. D., and Amanda H. 
Norvell. He attended the common school of Spring- 
ville, Lawrence County, until his eighteenth year, when 
he went to Bloomfield and entered the dry-goods store 
of E. West as clerk. lie remained in that capacity a 
few months and then engaged in the stove and tin- 
ware business, which he continued some eight months. 
In i860 he sold out and entered the county treasurer's 
office as a deputy under John B. Stropes, then treasurer 
of Greene County. He was engaged in the drug-store 
of John B. Stropes as a partner from l86l to 1866, 
when he took a course of lectures at the Ohio Medical 
College, at Cincinnati. He then returned to Bloomfield 
and commenced the practice of medicine as a partner 
with Doctor J. W. Gray. At the expiration of a year 
the partnership was dissolved and Doctor Norvell con- 
tinued to practice his profession alone. In 1869 he was 
appointed United States examining surgeon for Greene 



[sd Dist. 

County, and in the same year was elected chairman of 
the Democratic central committee of Greene County. 
He held the office of county physician for a number of 
years. In 1874 he received the Democratic nomination 
for county treasurer, and after a hotly contested canvass 
received his election by a flattering majority. In 1876 
he was re-elected to the same office by the largest ma- 
jority ever received by any man in the county, holding 
the office from September 7, 1875, to September 7, 
1879, ^nd making the most popular officer ever hold- 
ing official position in the county. In 1878 he was 
elected a member of the Democratic state central com- 
mittee, an office which he still holds. Doctor Norvell 
has always been a prominent and public-spirited citizen, 
lending his aid to every progressive enterprise. He is 
genial and popular with all classes, and is well and 
favorably known all over the entire state. He is a mem- 
ber of the Free and Accepted Masons, Independent 
Order of Odd-fellows, Knights of Pythias, and a Royal 
Arch Mason. lie is not a member of any Church, but 
is orthodox in his belief. He has always been a Demo- 
crat, having occupied a prominent position in the de- 
liberations of his party. He was married to Miss 
Emma Smydtli, daughter of Doctor W. C. Smydth,'of 
Worthington, Indiana, October 25, 1871. He is the 
father of two sons — Ralph N. and Max Norvell. Doc- 
tor Norvell possesses an imposing personal appearance, 
and is justly considered one of Greene County's first 

jQ|GDON, JAMES W., attorney-at-law, of Washing- 
ton, Indiana, was born October 6, 1846, at Mil- 
i~ ford, Kentucky, his parents being John and Fran- 
ces (Threlkeld) Ogdon. His father was a merchant 
and tobacco dealer. His ancestry on his grandmother 
Ogdon's side were men of prominence in political af- 
fairs in Kentucky, one of them having been the Gov- 
ernor of the state and a Representative in Congress. 
The family were originally from Virginia, and emigrated 
to Kentucky when it was a vast wilderness. James W. 
attended the common schools in Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
also assisted his father. In i865 he entered the Agricul- 
tural and Mechanical College at Lexington, Kentucky. 
Leaving it in 1869, he spent the summer of that year 
in handling tobacco at Milford, Kentucky. In the fall 
he entered the Law Department of the Michigan Uni- 
versity at Ann .A.rbor, from which he graduated in the 
spring of 1871. He then went to Little Rock, Arkan- 
sas, and remained a short time looking over the coun- 
try, with the view of practicing law at that point, but 
in June of that year he returned east and settled in 
Washington, Indiana. There he began the practice of 
his profession, forming a partnership with Judge Jesse 
W. Burton. .-Vfter this had been cniitinued three years 

it was dissolved by Judge Burton's removal from Wash- 
ington, and since that time Mr. Ogdon has practiced 
alone. He is engaged in nearly all the prominent cases 
in the county, and is to-day acknowledged to be the 
leading criminal lawyer at the Daviess County bar. In 
the fall of 187S he defended Peter L. Stevenson, of Da- 
viess County, for the murder of Newton Dodd, near 
Flora, Illinois, and succeeded, by his skill and an elo- 
quent appeal to the jury, in securing his acquittal. In 
political matters he is an active Democrat, and is at this 
time the nominee of that party for mayor of Washing- 
ton. He was married, November 30, 1S76, to Miss 
Emma Wilson, daughter of William Wilson, of Wash- 
ington, Indiana, but was so unfortunate as to lose his 
wife in the April following — four months and twenty- 
one days after marriage. Although quite a young man, 
he is fast winning his way to a position of prominence 
as a lawyer. As a citizen he is highly respected and 
esteemed. He is known all over the country as an hon- 
orable, courteous, genial gentleman. 

'NEAL, JOHN H., attorney-at-law, Washington, 
HiJ' Indiana, was born in Newberry District, South 
Carolina, October 30, 1838, being the son of 
Henry M. and Elizabeth (Edmundson) O'Neal. 
The O'Neal family were among the early settlers of that 
state, having gone there in the year 1730, and they 
have been represented in Congress. The Hon. John 
O'Neal, of Columbus, Ohio, is a member of the family. 
The Edmundsons were wealthy planters in the same 
state. His father and mother died of fever when he 
was but five years of age, and during the same summer 
his grandfather, a resident of Indiana, visited South 
Carolina and took him to live with him in Indiana. 
There he lived and worked on the farm until arriving 
at the age of eighteen, at which time he entered the 
State University at Bloomington, Indiana. Graduating 
in 1862, he immediately entered the law office of Hon. 
William Mock, Terre Haute, and began the study of 
law. In the fall of the same year he entered Michigan 
University, and graduated in the law department in the 
spring of 1864. In June he opened an office in Wash- 
ington and began the practice of his profession. Previ- 
ous to this, in the fall of 1866, he was elected to repre- 
sent Daviess County in the Legislature, serving one 
term, and refusing a renomination. In 1873 he was ap- 
pointed prosecuting attorney, and elected to that po- 
sition in 1874. In 1876 he resigned, and has since been 
wholly engaged in law. He is regarded among the 
legal fraternity of Daviess County as a lawyer of 
marked aliility, and one who is fast winning his way to 
a prominent position in the state. In political matters 
he is a tliorough, active, and earnest Democrat, and a 

2d Dist.] 



man who can be relied upon by the Democracy of the 
county. He was brought up in the Methodist Episco- 
pal faith. July 5, 1866, he married Miss Alice A. Bar- 
ton, daughter of Doctor Barton, one of the leading 
physicians of Washington. They have had six children, 
all of whom are living. Mr. O'Neal is closely identified 
with the growth and prosperity of Washington, and is 
regarded as one of her most useful and trustworthy 

— >-4»»-> — 

PlERCE, JUDGE J. T., attorney-al-law, of Wash- 
ington, Indiana, was born in Russell County, 
Kentucky, October 30, 1835, and is a son of Doc- 
tor J. S. and Eveline (Moore) Pierce. His father, 
a graduate of the Philadelphia Medical College, was 
one of the most prominent physicians of Kentucky. He 
represented Wayne and Russell Counties in the Ken- 
tucky Legislature when Henry Clay was a member of 
that body, and in 1854 was the Sixth District nominee 
of the Whig party for Congress, in opposition to Judge 
Elliott. The contest was a spirited and memorable one, 
but the doctor was defeated, owing chiefly to the known 
fact of his entertaining views favorable to a gradual 
emancipation of slaves. J. T. Pierce graduated at 
Center College in the class of 1856, and entered the 
office of Major Tanner, of Richmond, Kentucky, as a 
law student, where a fellow-student was Governor 
McCreery, of Kentucky. In 1859 he was admitted to 
practice, and in the spring of i860 removed to Indiana, 
settling at Washington, where he entered upon the 
duties of his profession. In October, 1864, he was 
elected prosecuting attorney of Knox, Daviess, Pike, 
and Martin Counties, and was re-elected in 1866. In 
October, 1867, he was elected to complete the unexpired 
term of Judge Clements for the second judicial Court 
of Common Pleas. In October, 1868, he was chosen 
for a full term, and again in 1872. William P. Pierce, 
a younger brother, was commissioned captain of Com- 
pany A, nth Kentucky Cavalry, and during the fight 
betvveen Burnside and Longstreet, near Knoxville, 
while iu the advance in charge of five men, he sur- 
prised and captured a Georgia major with sixteen men, 
and turned them over to his superior officers as prison- 
ers of war. On the very next day he was himself cap- 
tured and sent as a prisoner to Libby, where he 
remained six months, and, being released on a special 
exchange, was with General Stoneman when that officer 
and his command were captured. He induced his col- 
onel (Adams) to obtain permission of the general to cut 
their way out, which they did successfully. The cap- 
tain was with General Sherman in his raids around At- 
lanta and on tlie march to the sea. He was also pres- 
ent at the capture of Morgan's command in Ohio, and 
was honorably mentioned in the official reports. He is 

now a resident of the state of Georgia, and is a 
clerk in the appointment bureau of the Postmaster- 
general at Washington City. Captain Pierce, in his 
first race for Congress, in October, 1868, attempted 
to make an address in Camilla, Georgia, but was 
there met by an armed band of men, who, vowing 
that no Republican should ever speak there, fired 
upon him and his party. Several of the balls pen- 
etrated his clothing, and he escaped only by rare 
coolness and courage. Fifty persons were there killed 
and many more wounded of both sexes. The "Ca- 
milla Massacre " inflamed the whole country, and es- 
pecially South-western Georgia. Immediately on the 
receipt of the news, his brother, J. P. Pierce, hastened 
to the spot, and, by his timely presence and efforts, es- 
pecially in a speech made from the balcony of the hotel, 
where he was serenaded by the Democracy, succeeded, 
in a great degree, in allaying the excitement and deadly 
animosity existing between the parties and races. 
Governor Bramlette, of Kentucky, nobly volunteered a 
letter to the executive of Georgia, saying: "I have 
known Captain Pierce from his infancy, and no young 
man bears a better character than he. His father, Doc- 
tor Pierce, was, during many years of his life, my inti- 
mate personal friend, an eminent physician, and one of 
our first-class citizens." Judge Pierce is now residing 
with his mother, in Washington, Indiana, and is still 
engaged in the practice of his profession. He is one of 
the leading attorneys at the Daviess County bar, and, 
during his judgeship, filled the position acceptably, 
being known as a moral, honest, and upright judge, 
whose integrity was beyond question. He is to-day an 
honored citizen. In 185S he was selected by his college 
to deliver to the graduates their society diplomas, and 
to address them, in conjunction with Hon. John C. 
Breckinridge, on Commencement. 

SON, JUDGE E. D., of Bedford, Indiana, 
born in Springville, Lawrence County, Indi- 
ana, December 18, 1829. He is a son of Eliph- 
C(^ alet and Amelia (Lemon) Pearson. His father 
was a native of Massachusetts, emigrating to Indiana in 
1819, and locating at Jefifersonville. He was the owner 
of the ferry between JeffersoMville and Louisville, which 
in 1828 he exchanged for a stock of merchandise, and, 
removing to Lawrence County, began mercantile life. 
He was one of the well known and respected citizens 
of Lawrence County. He died in 1863. The Judge, 
his son, attended the common schools of the country, 
and at the age of seventeen entered the State LTniversity 
at Bloomington, Indiana, where he graduated in the law 
department in 1S50. In the same year he was admitted 
to the bar, under Judges Otto and McDonald, and im- 



l2d Dist. 

mediately began the practice of his profession at the 
town of Bedford, in Lawrence County, and at the same 
time was editing the White River Standard, an enter- 
prise which he continued for three years. He was 
then elected prosecuting attorney of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, and served one term, with credit to himself 
and to the entire satisfaction of the bar and the citizens. 
In 1873 he was elected Judge of the Circuit Court, and 
is at this time occupying that position. As a dispenser 
of justice Judge Pearson is widely and favorably known; 
and it is a noted fact that the affairs of minor heirs are 
guarded with jealous care, no gap being left open by 
which an entrance could be made to impair their inter- 
ests or impoverish them, and in all his rulings and 
charges to the jury he is conspicuous as an honest, 
upright, and impartial man. He was married, Oc- 
tober, 1S53, to Miss Caroline T. Parker, daughter of 
Woodbridge Parker, of Salem, Indiana, to whom ten 
children have been born. The Judge is regarded as 
one of the leading Republicans of Lawrence County, 
and has often been chairman of the county central com- 
mittee. He is a member of no religious denomination, 
but is one of the most highly respected and best known 
of the citizens of Lawrence County. He possesses a 
genial and courteous disposition. 

^|B)EARSON, DOCTOR JAMES C, physician and 
dlA" surgeon, of Mitchell, Indiana, was born at Paoli, 
I^Tyl Orange County, Indiana, February 27, 1824, and 
CQ is a son of James and Margaret Ann (True- 
blood) Pearson. His father, a native of Virginia, was 
a merchant, and his mother was from North Carolina. 
His means of education were limited, as he was com- 
pelled to leave school when he was fourteen. At that 
time he bound himself for two years to a cabinet-maker, 
and at the expiration of this period worked for his em- 
ployer at journeyman's wages, supporting himself and 
his mother out of his earnings. At the age of seven- 
teen years, through the persuasion of Doctor Tolbert 
and other physicians of Louisville, Kentucky, he was 
induced to study medicine with his brother, Doctor 
Charles D. Pearson; and during the winter of 1845 and 
1846 he attended a course of lectures at the University of 
Louisville. In March, 1853, he graduated at the Central 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Indianapolis. Doctor 
Pearson is a member of the American Medical, Tri-state 
Medical, State Medical, and Mitchell District Medical As- 
sociations. He first began the practice of medicine with 
his brother, at Livonia, Washington County, Indiana, 
nnd afterwards settled at Orleans, in Orange County, 
where he remained many years, being constantly en- 
gaged in the labors of his profession. In 1874 he re- 
moved to Mitchell, Indiana, where he has since re- 

sided. In 1853 he was married to Miss Elizabeth M. 
Thornton, daughter of Major Henry P. Thornton, 
of Bedford, Indiana, to whom six children have been 
born. All are still living. The oldest daughter is mar- 
ried to Doctor M. P. Tolliver, a practicing physician of 
Louisville, Illinois. Doctor Pearson was brought up in 
the Presbyterian faith, to which he still adheres, and 
was for a long time a deacon in the Church. In pol- 
itics he is a Republican. By strict attention to business, 
Doctor Pearson has built up an extensive practice, and 
is regarded as one of the leading physicians of the 
county. He is highly respected and beloved as a citizen. 

URCELL, ROYAL E., editor and proprietor of 
the Vincennes daily and weekly Western Sun, was 
born at Purcell Station, Knox County, Indiana, 
6 July 26, 1849, and was a son of William and So- 
phia (Beckes) Purcell. His father, a farmer, died when 
the subject of this sketch was only one year old. The 
uncles of Mr. Purcell's mother were prominent men in 
the early history of this part of the state, one of them 
having been a captain in the Black Hawk War ; his 
grandfather Purcell was a soldier in the Revolution. 
His means of education during his early years were 
confined to the common schools, which he attended, 
spending the summer months in working on the farm. 
The loss of his father compelled him early to make his 
own way. In the spring of 1870 he entered Hanover 
College, from which he graduated in 1874, having pro- 
cured means necessary to defray his expenses by teach- 
ing country schools, whenever and wherever he could 
obtain them. In 1874 he removed to Vincennes, and 
began the study of law; and, in October, 1876, pur- 
chased the ]Vestem Sun office, of Vincennes, Indiana. 
He is still publishing this paper, having established in 
connection with the weekly edition the daily Vincennes 
Sun. In politics he is a Democrat. He is now chair- 
man of the central committee, and is regarded as one 
of the leaders of the Democracy of the county. He 
has never been a candidate for political preferment, and 
has no aspirations for it. Mr. Purcell is liked in the 
city of his adoption as a genial and upright gentleman, 
and has the esteem of the entire community. He was 
] reared a Presbyterian, and is now a member of that de- 

- — >-^ta^< — 

[|OSE, CAPTAIN ELIHU E., attorney and coun- 
selor at law, Bloomfield, Greene County, Indiana, 
was born in Washington County, East Tennessee, 
on May 25, 1825. He is a son of John and Mary 
Rose, of Scotch lineage, his father being a native of 
North Carolina, and his mother of Tennessee. For 


^ '-^ 


2d Dist.'\ 



many years his father was engaged in the Embree Iron 
Works, of Tennessee, but in 1832 removed to Indiana 
and settled on a farm in Clay County, near the town 
of Bowling Green. Eliliu received an academic educa- 
tion in the schools at Bowling Green, at the same time 
performing severe labor on a farm during the summer 
season, and in autumn working in a brick-yard, or team- 
ing with oxen, in the management of which he took great 
pride, far excelling the average teamster. His especial 
amusement when a boy consisted in catching the salmon 
and perch from the waters of the classic Eel River, 
which ran near by the old homestead of the Rose 
family. Aside from this interesting pastime. Captain 
Rose took little part in the sports of the period. His 
love for home and good books was a characteristic trait, 
and was the beginning of a course of self-culture which 
continued through life. At the age of twenty years he 
entered the law office of his brother, Allen T. Rose, and 
began a course of law reading. This, however, continued 
but a few months, when he left the office and went to 
Grand Prairie, Illinois, where he was employed for a 
time in buying and herding caltle. In the winter of 
1846 he returned to Bowling Green, and began reading 
medicine with Doctor William Shields. This continued 
until May of the following year. In [S48 Mr. Rose was 
admitted to the Clay County bar, at Bowling Green. In 
the same year he became a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and at once began studying for the 
ministry, at the same time engaging in teaching school. 
In j850 he entered the ministry, and began preaching 
in his Church. Subsequently, he preached frequently at 
the following places in Indiana, viz.: Bloomfield, Sulli- 
van, Carlisle, Paoli, and Worthington. In i860 he 
located at Bloomfield, his present home, and entered for 
the second time upon the practice of law. At the same 
time he edited and published the Greene County Times, 
the Democratic organ of the county, in which he strongly 
advocated the election of Stephen A. Douglas for the 
presidency. He continued in this capacity until the be- 
ginning of the Civil War, when, in June, 1S61, he en- 
tered the Union army as captain of Battery C, 1st Indiana 
Heavy Artillery, enlisting for three years. He then re- 
turned to Bloomfield and resumed the practice of law. 
The principal engagements in which Captain Rose partic- 
ipated were those of Teche, Louisiana; Donaldsonville, 
siege at Port Hudson, and numerous other smaller en- 
gagements and skirmishes. In 1868 Captain Rose was 
chosen presidential elector in his congressional district, 
and was subsequently a member of the Electoral College 
which elected General Grant President of the United 
States. He joined the Free and Accepted Masons in 1851, 
and Independent Order of Odd-fellows in 1S54, and has 
been a faithful member of nearly all the temperance so- 
cieties which have been organized in the state. Captain 
Rose was brought up a Calvinist, but joined the Method- 

ist Episcopal Church, as before stated, and has ever 
since been a steadfast member of that organization. After 
the beginning of the Civil War, and up to the candidacy 
of Horace Greeley for the presidency, he was a consistent 
member of the Republican party, but at that time he 
united with the Liberals who nominated Mr. Greeley, 
and .subsequently held no further allegiance to the Re- 
publican party. He is now a member of the National 
Greenback party. He believes in the abolishment of 
the national banks, and the substitution of treasury 
notes, and the unlimited coinage of silver money. Cap- 
tain Rose was married, August 19, 1847, to Ellen Elliott, 
daughter of William Elliott, of Bloomington, Indiana, 
who is at present his interesting and amiable companion. 
He is the father of seven children, five of whom are 
living. Captain Rose is now the senior member of the 
law firm of Rose & Short, his partner, Mr. Emerson 
Short, being his son-in-law, a talented and promising 
young lawyer. As a lawyer, Captain Rose has a repu- 
tation equaled by few attorneys in the state. He has 
the largest criminal practice of any man in his county. 
In the manipulation of his cases he is adroit and skilled, 
always on the alert for mistakes or blunders of the op- 
posing counsel. He has both application and wit, and 
is remarkably successful wherever employed. He is 
full of fun and humor, and always has a pleasant word 
fur every body. These qualities, and his high sense of 
honor, have endeared him to a large circle of friends, 
in whose esteem he holds a high place. 

K CIIREEDER, CHARLES C, postmaster, Hunting- 
jj|f^ burg, Dubois County, one of the most prominent, 
'%^r,' active, and zealous Republican politicians of the 
'if) county, was born in the city of Berlin, Germany, 
January 19, 1847. His parents were Charles Frederick 
and Mary (Arensmann) Schreeder. His father, by trade 
a machinist, was one of those who took part in the 
famous German revolution of 184S, headed by Robert 
Blum and Carl Schurz, and was in one of those terrible 
street fights when the Crown Prince of Prussia (now 
Emperor of Germany) opened on them with grape and 
canister, causing ninety-one of the revolutionists to fall. 
He died, August 6, 1849, °f cholera, which was then 
epidemic, leaving his wife and one child, the subject 
of our sketch, who was then an infant. In 1852 Mrs. 
Schreeder, with her infant boy, emigrated to the United 
States, leaving Germany April 3d, on the sailing vessel 
"Adolphena." She arrived at Baltimore August 16, 
after a long and tedious voyage, during which she was 
dangerously ill, her life being almost despaired of at one 
time. To make such a voyage with her infant, after 
the loss of her husband, and without a friend, was most 
trying. Having relatives at Huntingburg, Indiana, she 



l2d Disl. 

immediately went to them, reaching this place on the ist 
of September, after another most tedious journey by 
boat and rail. She took up her residence with her 
sister, the wife of Gerhart Niehaus, one of the earliest 
settlers of the county, and one of its prominent men. 
Mrs. Schreeder, on September 7, 1853, was married 
to the Rev. Frederick Wiethaup, a well-known minister 
of the German Evangelical Church, and the family re- 
moved to Evansville, where Mr. Wiethaup had charge 
of a congregation, and continued there until 1855, when 
they removed to Newville, Wells County. The early 
educational advantages of Charles C. Schreeder were 
exceedingly meager, the country at the time being but 
sparsely settled. The only schools were small log build- 
ings, and the year's term consisted of about six weeks. 
His step-father being a minister, they were constantly 
removing from one place to another. He, however, 
embi-aced all the opportunities within his reach. In 
1861, his step-father being appointed to a Church at 
Dayton, Ohio, he was there afforded a much better op- 
portunity, and attended a term at the public school. 
From 1853, the time of his going to Evansville, Indiana, 
till i860, when he located at Dayton, Ohio, they were 
at the following places : Evansville, till the spring of 
1855; Newville, Wells County, until the fall of 1857; 
near Fulton, Fulton County, fall of 1858, when they 
removed to Bremen, Marshall County. In the fall of 
1859 he left his parents, and returned for one year to 
Huntingburg. In the fall of i860 he rejoined his parents 
at East Gerniantown, Wayne County, and in the fall of 
1861 they were at Dayton, Ohio. During these eight 
years he worked on various farms during the summer, but 
spending his winters at home, and making the best use 
of his time and such books as were within his reach. 
At Dayton, in the spring of 1863, at the age of sixteen, 
he enlisted in Company D, of the 2d Ohio Infantry, 
and was shortly after engaged with his regiment in 
chasing Morgan and quelling the noted Vallandigham 
riot at Dayton. After six months' service, he was dis- 
charged, and returned to Evansville, where he endeav- 
ored to learn the saddler's trade, but his health did not 
permit. He left Evansville in the spring of 1864, and 
returned to Huntingburg. January 25 he again en- 
listed, this time at Huntingburg, in Company E, 143d 
Indiana Volunteers, under command of the late gallant 
Colonel J. F. Grill. While in the service he at different 
times performed various officers' duty, though never 
holding a commission. When they reached Tullahoma, 
Tennessee, he was detached from his company, and, 
upon the special selection of General M. A. M- Dudley, 
placed on his body-guard in the capacity of an orderly, 
n position he occupied until the division was ordered to 
Clarksville, Tennessee, where the company was mounted, 
and engaged in scouting, and ridding that section of 
guerrillas. While thus engaged, on the 17th of August, 

he was severely wounded, disabling him for life, although 
the wound was not at the time considered very serious. 
It afterward developed into a life-long disability. He 
remained with his regiment, however, and did train- 
guard duty between Clarksville and Bowling Green. 
October 17 he, wilh the regiment, was mustered out, 
and proceeded to Indianapolis, where on the 26th of 
October, they were discharged. He then returned home 
to Huntingburg, arriving on the 2d of November, where 
he continued through the winter to recruit his health, 
which was very much broken. In the spring of 1866 
he went to learn the wagon-maker's trade, and remained 
with his employer until he retired from business, a year 
after, when he removed to Evansville, and was employed 
in the wagon and carriage factory of C. Decker & Sons. 
April 12, 1868, he was married to Miss Louisa C. Beh- 
rens, daughter of Herman Behrens, one of the first set- 
tlers, and the first merchant in Huntingburg. They 
have one little daughter. During the summer of 1868, 
in the Grant and Seymour political campaign, there be- 
ing a battalion of veterans formed at Evansville, he 
was elected lieutenant-colonel, a just honor, he being at 
the time only twenty-one years of age. In the winter of 
1868 his wound became so troublesome as to unfit him for 
manual labor, and he was consequently forced to aban- 
don his occupation. Through the influence and interest 
of his former employers he secured a position in January, 
1S69, as deputy real estate appraiser of Vanderburg 
County, and served in that capacity with credit to him- 
self and profit to the county. While thus engaged his 
wound became so bad that he was obliged to abandon 
his position, and was confined to his bed for several 
months. January I, 1870, he was appointed deputy 
assessor by the late William Warren, senior, then as- 
sessor of Pigeon Township. In April, 1870, he received 
the Republican nomination for city assessor of Evans- 
ville, and was elected by a large majority. In October, 
1870, he was chosen township assessor, holding that office 
until April 1872, when he was elected to the office of 
city clerk, at the age of twenty-five, being the young- 
est man who ever held that important place. It is the 
second official position in a city of some forty thousand 
inhabitants. This is a conclusive evidence of the trust 
and confidence reposed in him for ability, capacity, and 
honesty. He had become one of the prominent politi- 
cians of Evansville, but his health again failing cut 
short, for the time being, all his political aspirations. 
In politics he is an ardent Republican, and has always 
taken an active and earnest part in the interests of his 
party. He was occupied during the remainder of his 
residence in Evansville as assignee of various estates. 
In the fall of 1876, on account of his aged parents, he 
being their only child, he returned to Huntingburg, 
where he exerted considerable political influence, the 
county being the strongest proportionate Democratic 


2U Vis/.] 



county in the state, and he being a Republican. Since 
then the party has been gaining in strength and num- 
bers, and it now includes many of the best and most 
prominent citizens. May 28, 1877, he was commissioned 
by the President postmaster of Huntingburg, which po- 
sition he most ably fills. In taking charge of the office 
he thoroughly revolutionized the system, and has in his 
short term of service doubled the amount of mail, and 
considerably increased and extended mail facilities, hav- 
ing one of the best arranged and ordered offices in the 
state, thereby winning for himself many friends, re- 
gardless of differences in political faith. He is chair- 
man of the county central committee and delegate to 
the Republican state convention, and is recognized as 
one of the leaders of the Republican party in his sec- 
tion of the state. Few men of his age have attained 
so much prominence or exert as much influence. Al- 
though a stanch party man, yet he never allows his 
political opinions to run to bitterness, and hence is pop- 
ular with both sides. The physical disabilities from 
which he suffers, which have compelled him to aban- 
don manual labor, have caused him to give considerable 
time and attention to his education, which had been 
much neglected in his earlier life, and his industry has 
enabled him to gain much that he needed. He is most 
truly what may be termed a " self-made " as well as 
"representative man." He has a good personal appear- 
ance, and is an intelligent and courteous gentleman. 

^HERROD, JAMES H., M. D., of Paoli, Indiana, 
was born near Lexington, Virginia, June 18, 1816, 
y.T-; and is the eldest son of Robert W. and Jane 
(Holden) Sherrod. His father was a farmer and 
school-teacher, and served as a soldier in the War of 
l8i2; and his grandfathers, on both sides, were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. His early life was spent on 
the farm and in attending school at Lexington. In 1835 
he entered the state university at Charlottesville, Vir- 
ginia, and graduated in the spring of 1845 from the 
medical department. During this time he spent several 
years in practice in Rockbridge County, Virginia. In 
1849 he moved to the West, stopping at Paoli, Orange 
County, Indiana, to visit his brother. He was induced 
to remain all winter with his sister, while his brother 
attended a session of the Legislature, and in the spring 
had built up so good a practice that he decided to make 
that place his home. He continued to practice his pro- 
fession until 1870, when he opened a drug-store, and 
partially retired, having at this time the most extensive 
practice of any physician in the county. He was mar- 
ried, February 29, 1854, to Elizabeth Rigmy, daughter 
of a wealthy farmer of Orange County. They had one 
son living, William F., who, having begun the study of 

medicine, is now a clerk in his father's store. Mrs. 
Sherrod died May I, 1867; and the Doctor was married 
to his present wife, Miss Maggie Scott, daughter of an 
Orange County farmer, October 26, 1870. By her he had 
one daughter, Maud I. He was reared in the Method- 
ist Episcopal faith, and in political matters is a stanch 
and trustworthy Democrat. Doctor Sherrod is well and 
favorably known in Southern Indiana, and his home is 
noted for its elegance and refinement. His hospitality 
is unbounded, and he is regarded truly as a gentleman 
of the old Virginia school. He has, in various ways, 
done much to develop the farming interests of the 
county, and towards the building up of the town of 
Paoli, and no man stands higher in the esteem of her 
citizens than Doctor Sherrod. 

(.IMONSON, ALFRED, merchant, Edwardsport, 
^^ Knox County, Indiana, was born in that county 
and state, October i, 1S15. His early life was one 
of continued privation and hardship. He worked 
unceasingly at various kinds of manual labor, but was 
more especially employed in spinning cotton, under the 
direction and for the benefit of his mother. When 
about the age of sixteen he was employed by the neigh- 
bors during harvest, at a compensation of seven or eight 
dollars per month, returning to the spinning-wheel in 
unfavorable weather. It will naturally be inferred that 
under such circumstances as the above there was little 
or no opportunity for attending school. In fact, young 
Simonson enjoyed but two or three weeks of schooling, 
which was in a rude log school-house. By the strictest 
economy he was daily saving from his meager wages, 
and at the age of twenty-two was enabled to purchase a 
team. Soon afterward he rented a farm from Nathan 
Bascum, in Daviess County, and began life's battle for 
himself. This was the initial step to a prosperous and 
successful career. At the close of the first season he 
traded his team for lumber, with which he built a flat- 
boat for the transportation of grain to New Orleans. 
After loading his boat he succeeded in effecting a prof- 
itable sale to parties at Washington, Indiana. Imme- 
diately after this transaction he purchased a tract of 
land in Daviess County, to which he removed with his 
newly-made wife. Mr. Simonson cultivated this land 
with great industry and economy for four years, being 
also interested in boat-bHilding on White River, during 
the winter and spring. Early in 1846 he removed to 
Edwardsport and engaged in mercantile pursuits, at 
first occupying as a salesroom a very unpretentious one- 
story frame building, whose dimensious were sixteen by 
eighteen feet. As a merchant he has since continued, 
and until i860 carried on in addition boat-building and 
pork-packing. He was also engaged in loading flat- 



\3d Dist. 

boats for the markets of the sunny South. He made 
many profitable trips to the lower Mississippi River 
towns. His first experience on the stream was as a 
hand at low wages in the employ of John Cawood. In 
1848 he formed a partnership with Francis P. Bradley, 
which continued for two years. Since 1870 he has 
been associated with his son, Jefferson G. Simonson. 
Mr. Simonson never held a public office excepting that 
of trustee of Steel Township, Daviess County, during 
one term, although often strongly solicited to do so. 
He joined Charity Lodge, No. 30, Free and Accepted 
Masons, at Washington, Indiana, in 1848, and is still an 
honored member of that benevolent fraternity. He 
is the treasurer of Edwardsport Lodge, No. 427, and 
was one of its charter members. He has always been 
a steadfast member of the Democratic party.' In mat- 
ters of religion he holds to the Cumberland Presbyte- 
rian faith, though he is not a member of any Church. 
He contributes liberally to all alike. He is a man of 
great public spirit, always taking a prominent part in 
every movement calculated to advance the moral, relig- 
ious, or material prosperity of his town and county. He 
was the prime mover in organizing and building the 
graded school of Edwardsport. His sympathy for the 
poor and lowly is great, and his acts of charity are 
innumerable. In matters of business he maintains the 
most rigid standard of honor ; his word being univer- 
sally regarded as equivalent to his bond. As a result 
of his industry and perseverance, he is now the pos- 
sessor of a large landed estate, free from incumbrance, 
and a handsome brick store containing a large stock of 
goods. November II, 1841, he was married to 
Sarah Perkins, daughter of Reuben Perkins, who still 
survives. He is the father of ten children, eight of 
whom are living. 

^MITH, DOCTOR HUBBARD M., physician and 
surgeon, of Vincennes, Indiana, was born in Win- 
chester, Kentucky, September 6, 1820. His father, 
Willis R. Smith, was appointed a lieutenant in the 
army, and settled at Winchester, Kentucky, where he 
became acquainted with and married Elizabeth W. Tay- 
lor, daughter of Hubbard Taylor, senior, who came out 
to Kentucky from Virginia wilh General Knox. They 
were on a surveying expedition, and settled in Clark 
County, then a wilderness, about the year 17S0. His 
father and mother are descended from some of the best 
families of Virginia and Kentucky, numbering among 
them the following named presidents: Washington, Mad- 
ison, and Taylor. His father, after resigning his po- 
sition as lieutenant, settled in Winchester and engaged 
in mercantile pursuits; and when, at the close of the 
War of 18 1 2, the great monetary crash came on, he 
had a large stock of goods on hand and three stores. 

Owing to the sudden and great fall in prices, he became 
financially ruined. Following this disaster his health 
became impaired, and he remained an invalid up to his 
death. In 1850 he removed to Missouri, where he died, 
his consort surviving him until 1868. The subject of 
this sketch, owing to the misfortunes of his father, was 
unable to attend college. He received the rudiments 
of his education in the country schools of his neighbor- 
hood, which he attended in winter, laboring on the farm 
during the summer months. When he arrived at the 
age of fourteen, seeing the struggles of his father to 
support a family of ten children, he voluntarily left his 
home to seek a maintenance by his own exertion. He 
apprenticed himself to James Woodward, in Winchester, 
who was engaged in the saddlery business, remaining 
with him until he sold out his establishment. He after- 
wards worked at his trade until about the age of twenty, 
using such spare time as he had in study and reading, 
when his fondness for learning and the necessity for 
maintenance induced him to engage in teaching, and 
finally in the study of medicine. After reading a year 
or two he attended the Medical Department of Transyl- 
vania University, at Lexington, Kentucky, after which 
he engaged in the practice of medicine at Warsaw, 
Kentucky, for eighteen months. During this time he 
was married to Miss Nannie W. Pendleton, youngest 
daughter of the late General Edmund Pendleton, of 
Clark County, Kentucky. At this time the Doctor, 
feeling the want of greater proficiency in his profession, 
attended the Starling Medical College, at Columbus, 
Ohio, where he took his degree early in 1848. In May, 
1849, he removed to Vincennes, Indiana, where he has 
been engaged in the practice of medicine almost con- 
tinually ever since. In 1858 he purchased the Vin- 
cennes Gazette, and conducted it as a daily for about 
six months; b>it, finding it unremunerative, he dis- 
continued the daily issue, continuing the weekly 
and semi-weekly until 1861, when he was ap- 
pointed postmaster at Vincennes, Indiana, by Presi- 
dent Lincoln. At the expiration of his term he re- 
ceived a reappointment, which he held until May, 
1869, when, upon the accession of the administration of 
General Grant, he was rotated out of office. A vast 
majority of the citizens desired his retention, but he 
had already held the office two terms, and, the soldier 
element becoming clamorous, the President yielded to 
the pressure, and the Doctor failed in a reappointment. 
He had for the preceding eight years given little atten- 
tion to his profession, but he now resumed its practice, 
and has steadily gained upon his competitors until to-day 
he enjoys the largest business of any physician in Knox 
County. Having a literary taste. Doctor Smith found 
time amid his arduous duties to cultivate his love for 
poetry, and for many years contributed articles to the 
leading magazines and newspapers of the East and West. 

2d Dist.\ 



At one time he was a regular contributor to the Ladies^ 
National Magazine, Louisville Journal, Philadelphia 
Saturday Couriir, etc., etc. His earlier productions 
were given to the press under the uom de plume of Ulric, 
but his later communications appear in his own name. 
Doctor Smith holds the honorable position of member 
of the board of trustees of Vincennes University, and 
trustee of the Presbyterian Church of Vincennes. He 
is also a member of the State Medical Society, the Tri- 
state Medical Society of Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois, 
and of the American Medical Association. He has con- 
tnbuied various articles to medical journals of the West. 
He is the father of si.K children, four sons and two 
daughters. The eldest son for the last five years has 
been a clerk in the War Department, and has just re- 
ceived an appointment as consul and commercial agent 
for the United States at Carthagena, Columbia, South 
America. The second son is a clerk in the War De- 
])artment; the third is a student at Hanover College, 
in Indiana; the fourth, a boy of eighteen, is a member 
of the senior class at Vincennes University. His eldest 
daughter attended school at the Vincennes University, 
and at College Hill, Ohio, and the younger is a grad- 
uate of the Vincennes University. For the last three 
years Doctor Smith has been the surgeon and pension 
officer at this point. He is regarded as one of the 
most intelligent gentlemen of the city, and, although 
he came to Vincennes an entire stranger and almost 
penniless, yet, by gentlemanly bearing and strict atten- 
tion to business, he has acquired an enviable reputation 
in the city of his adoption, and no man stands higher 
in the estimation of the community. 

i^MITH, DOCTOR WILLIAM Z., physician and 
surgeon, of .Shoals, Indiana, was born at Hardings- 
burg, Washington County, Indiana, January II, 
1838, his parents having been William H. and 
Margaret M. (Elliott) Smith. He assisted his father on 
the farm until he was eighteen, being unable at that age 
to read or write. Upon leaving home he began to study, 
and entered the Hardingsburg school, working for his 
board, clothing, and tuition. After remaining two years 
he taught for a time, and in 1857 entered the Asbury 
University, at Greencastle, where he spent a portion of 
three years, keeping up with his classes by private study 
while he was away teaching. During this time, in the 
winter and spring of 1857 and 1S58, he also attended 
the course of lectures at the Eclectic Medical Institute 
of Cincinnati. In i860 he returned to Greencastle and 
made a special study of Latin ; and when the war broke 
out he enlisted, November 16, 1861, as a private in the 
49th Infantry. He was afterwards appointed hospital 
steward, was soon commissioned assistant surgeon, and 

finally rose to the rank of surgeon of the regiment, serv- 
ing until June, 1864. He then resigned, returned home, 
and commenced the practice of his profession at Shoals, 
where he has since resided. In 1870 and 1871 he at- 
tended the Ohio Medical College, at Cincinnati, and 
graduated in the spring of the latter year. He was 
married, Augu-st 28, 1864, to Charlptte M. Sholtz, 
daughter of a wealthy farmer of Martin County, by 
whom lie has had two children. His daughter, twelve 
years of age, is her father's pride, standing at the head of 
her classes at school, and being also a natural musician. 
In political matters Doctor Smith is a stanch and active 
Republican. He was reared in the Baptist faith. He 
is highly respected as a citizen, and regarded as one of 
the leading physicians of Martin County, where he is 
well known as a clever, genial gentleman. He is now 
holding the position of United States pension surgeon, 
and is also a frequent contributor to the different med- 
ical journals of the country. 

KMITH, CAPTAIN SAMUEL M., merchant, of 
bf^ W^ashington, Indiana, was born January 30, 1836, 
©5 five miles east of Washington, Daviess County, 
'^p Indiana, and is a son of John and Rebecca (Cahill) 
Smith. His father was a farmer, and came to this 
county in 1815, being one of the early settlers. When 
Samuel was four years of age he lost his mother, and 
three years after his father died. From that time he 
was brought up by his grandfather, at Maysville, Daviess 
County. His means for obtaining an education were 
limited, having been confined to a few years' attendance 
at a winter school. At the age of fifteen he went to 
learn the blacksmith's trade with his uncle, Wilson Wy- 
koff, intending to remain until he was twenty-one. 
Finding him a hard task-master, however, he left at the 
expiration of two years. He then engaged to work for 
William Trantor at twelve dollars a month ; but before 
he reached his twentieth year his wages were increased 
to fifty dollars a month, and at the age of twenty-one 
he had accumulated six hundred dollars in cash. He 
then began business for himself, and continued it until 
the breaking out of the Rebellion, when he raised a 
company and was elected second lieutenaht. Being too 
late for the three months' service, the company was at- 
tached to the 24th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and 
soon after he was promoted to first lieutenant. The fol- 
lowing letter, written by his old colonel, gives a good 
idea of his military service: 

" Orleans, Indiana, February 26, 1877. 
"Hon. O. P.-I\r..RroN, Washington, P. C. 

"Honored Sir — Permit me to trespass upon your valu- 
able time for a few moments in order to call your atten- 
tion to our common friend. Captain Samuel M. Smith, 
who is now presenting himself to your favorable notice 



{sd Dist. 

for the first time, and asking for the appointment as 
postmaster at Washington. Captain Smith was an of- 
ficer in Company D, 24th Regiment Indiana Volunteers, 
during the entire service of three years. H5 re-enlisted 
with the veterans, and when the 24th and 67th were 
consolidated he was still retained in the service as one 
of the most valued officers of his regiment. During the 
entire service he suffered no man or officer to go before 
or beyond him in the strict performance of duty, and 
kept his company during the whole time up to the 
work, both in drill, discipline, and efficiency. He was 
severely wounded at the battle of Shiloh, and in the 
memorable battle of Champion Hills, where the 24th 
lost so heavily, he bore himself like a brave officer and 
soldier, and in this engagement was again wounded. I 
can say that in all the important marches, battles, and 
skirmishes he was always with his command doing his 
duty. In fact I do not know of any line officer of my 
regiment that contributed more time and labor in our 
cause than Captain Smith. When the last roll was 
called dissolving the organization of that gi'and old reg- 
iment. Captain Smith was still retained as one of her 
best officers, and was mustered into tlie battalion of vet- 
erans and recruits, and served with the same until mili- 
tary service was no longer required. As a good and 
skillful officer he received his discharge and returned to 
his home. Since then he has evinced and maintained 
upon all occasions his loyalty to the government, never 
flinching, never faltering upon any occasion when his 
services were demanded or sacrifices required in order 
that the true interests of our country might be sustained. 
Since the close of the war he has occupied a prominence 
among the Republicans that is hardly ever awarded to 
those of the do-nothing kind. He has spent his money 
and time freely. He was appointed a delegate to the 
Cincinnati Convention, and there showed, as he has at 
all times, that he is a man fit to be trusted. It is not 
often I thrust myself into your presence, and seldom ask 
for favors, but in this instance I beg that you will give 
the Captain's claims your favorable consideration. He 
is honest, capable, and well qualified, and as a Union 
man he is as true as steel, and will not compromise his 
fellows or friends in any way. I know him as a soldier, 
officer, and citizen, and can cheerfully recommend him 
for the position to which he now aspires. We live in 
the benighted Blue Jeans district, and we had in the 
last campaign to contend with fearful odds, but this did 
not deter us from doing a good and faithful work. 
Captain Smith worked night and day for success in the 
late gubernatorial campaign, and on this account de- 
serves something at the hands of those for whom he so 
faithfully labored. Pardon me for thus writing so long 
a letter, and ever keep in mind that I am still, as ever, 
with you and all others in upholding the right and con- 
demning the wrong. 

"Yours respectfully, W. T. Spicely." 

At the battle of Grand Prairie, Arkansas, Captain 
Smith led the advance, and was complimented in the offi- 
cial reports for gallantry. At the storming of Fort Blakely, 
he, in command of two companies, led the advance, and 
was the second man inside the fort. On another occa- 
sion, when the regiment was going down the Mississippi 
on Admiral Porter's flag-ship, General Grant being 
aboard, a rebel scout was seen watching the movement 
of the vessel. The general requested Colonel Spicely 
to detail a man to seize the spy, and Captain Smith, 1)c- 

ing selected, succeeded in effecting his capture and 
bringing him aboard. While lying at Helena, the Cap- 
tain was detailed to carry dispatches to General Sher- 
man, and participated in the engagement at Chickasaw 
Bluffi He was present at the surrender of Kirby Smith, 
at Galveston. He was appointed provost-marshal, and 
organized the custom-house, post-office, and Freedmen's 
Bureau at that place. General Kent, upon relieving him 
of this position, to be mustered out with his regiment, 

"It affords me great pleasure to commend you for 
the prompt, industrious, and faithful manner that has 
characterized your official course while on duty here. 
It has given me full satisfaction." 

The regiment was mustered out December 10, 1865, 
and January 17, following, he formed a partnership in 
the hardware trade with William Trantor. January I, 
1878, he bought out his partner's interest, and entered 
into a business alliance with an old war comrade, the 
firm name being Smith & Carnahan. He was married, 
February 15, 1S64, to Miss Sarah J. Solomon, who died 
February 17, 1868. On the thirtieth day of November, 
1876, he married Miss Dora Trantor, a niece of his for- 
mer partner. Captain Smith is noted for his energy and 
industry. In his early youth he started out with the de- 
termination of making life a success, and his position in 
society and standing among the mercantile community 
are proof that he has not failed. He has been closely 
identified with the growth and prosperity of Washing- 
ton, has done much to advance her interests, and is re- 
garded as an upright, honorable citizen. He is known 
far and near as a genial, courteous gentleman. Captain 
Smith is a leader in the Republican party. He has often 
presided over county conventions, and has been chair- 
man of the central committee of that party. 

PINK, JAMES C, insurance agent, of Washington, 
\ Indiana, was born in Daviess County, Indiana, De- 
^, cember 24, 1824. He is the second son of Francis 
X. and Susan (Cooper) Spink. His father was a 
farmer, and one of the pioneers of the county, having 
emigrated from Kentucky in 1822. He attended the 
common schools in the winter months and assisted his 
father on the farm during the summer months until 
1849, when he was employed as a civil engineer on the 
Wabash and Erie Canal, having acquired his knowledge 
of engineering by studying at night and on rainy days 
while at home. After remaining in this position until 
1852, he was employed by the Evansville and Craw- 
fordsville Railroad Company in the same capacity. In 
1855 he built a flour-mill on the Wabash and Erie Ca- 
nal, near Washington. Shortly after, he sold out, and, 
in connection with Stephen D. Wright, built a steam 

2<t Disi.] 



flour-mill in Washington. They added a foundry and 
machine shop, and a general store, and also built a 
woolen factory, all of which they carried on from i860 
until 1876, at which time Mr. Spink retired from the 
business. In 1876 he opened an insurance office, and is 
still engaged in that business. In political matters he 
sympathizes with the Democratic party, and in religion 
is an adherent of the Church of Rome. In October, 
1862, he was married to Elizabeth Wright, a native of 
Pennsylvania, by whom he has one son, now living. 
Washington, Indiana, is greatly indebted to the untir- 
ing industry and energy of Mr. Spink, who is the 
founder of the many industries of the city. He was one 
of the originators of the now extensive coal operations 
which have made the place known all over the state. 
He is a gentleman of manners and ability. 

<f TUCKER, JAMES F., proprietor of the Paoli 
fcj^ Flour and Woolen Mills, was born in Harrison 

^ County, Indiana, March 20, 1831, and is the second 
son of David W. and Anne Stucker. His father 
is a minister of the Methodist Church, and is the oldest 
living minister of that denomination in the state of In- 
diana, having occupied the pulpit for more than sixty 
years. His means of education were very limited in his 
early years, but after he was grown he acquired, by his 
own energy and industry, an education sufficient to en- 
able him to teach; and the money obtained this way was 
spent in attending the seminary at Corydon, Indiana, 
where he remained nearly two years. Previous to this 
period he had served his time at the carpenter's trade. 
In 1858 he purchased a farm in Harrison County, and 
carried it on until the breaking out of the Rebellion, in 
1861, when he enlisted as a private in Company K, 
23d Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He was 
promoted time after time, until he became orderly-ser- 
geant of the company, and, at the fall of Vicksburg, 
was promoted to the captaincy over the lieutenants, be- 
ing mustered in as such in August, 1863. He remained 
in active service, participating in all the battles of the 
Seventeenth Army Corps, until July, 1865, when the army 
was disbanded. On returning home he sold his farm, 
and purchased an interest with Frank King in the Blue 
River Mills, in Washington County, Indiana, and has 
ever since been in business with Mr. King, under the 
firm name of King & Stucker. In 1866 they purchased 
the Paoli Mills, which they have since operated. Mr. 
Stucker is also engaged in farming. In 1870 he was 
eleeted sheriff of Orange County, and in the fall of 1878 
was chosen to represent Orange and Crawford Counties 
in the Legislature, being elected by a large majority, 
while the rest of the ticket was defeated. He was a mem- 
ber of the Committee on County and Township Business, 

chairman of the Committee on Roads, and a member of 
several special committees, one of which was on the in- 
vestigation of the attorney-general's office. March 19, 
1S70, he was married to Jane Jordan, daughter of a 
farmer. They have had four children, none of whom 
are living. He holds to the Methodist Episcopal Church 
in faith, and in politics is an uncompromising Democrat, 
and a party leader in this portion of the country. He 
employs a large number of hands in his business, 
and has assisted very materially in developing the in- 
dustries of the county. He is universally respected as 
an honorable, upright citizen and a gentleman. 

TUCKER, DAVID F., auditor of Orange County, 
^^ was born in Harrison County, Indiana, January 8, 
fe-; 1848, and was the youngest son of David W. and 
Anne (Lister) Stucker. His father was born in Frank- 
lin County, Kentucky, in 1802. He moved to Harrison 
County, Indiana, in 1810, joined the Church of the 
United Brethren in l8ig, and in 1824 was licensed to 
preach. He traveled on the Washington circuit, in 
Ohio, until 1825 ; on the Cincinnati circuit in 1825 and 
1826; in 1827 on the Corydon circuit, in Indiana; in 
1S28 on the Flat Rock circuit. In 1829 he joined the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and in 1833 he entered its 
ministry, being assigned to the Corydon circuit; in 
1834 the Bradford circuit, in 1S35 Paoli and Orleans, 
in 1836 Roan mission, and in 1837 Boonsville circuit. 
In 1838 he ceased to travel, and purchased a farm in 
Harrison County, where he resided until 1844. He 
then removed to a farm on the Blue River, near Freder- 
icksburg, and in i860 went to New Albany. His grand- 
father was born in North Carolina, near the Yadkin 
River, March 15, 1773, and was killed by the Indians 
in their attack upon Bryant's Station, Kentucky. David 
F. in his early youth lost his mother, and, when he 
was twelve years of age, his father married again. He 
then left home, and from this period until he was 
twenty-one his life was a very checkered one. He 
spent a portion of his time on farms as a common hand, 
and worked at all the odd jobs he could pick up. For 
nearly three years he lived in the city of Louisville, where 
he learned the carpenter's trade. In the winter of l87q 
and the fall of 1871 he attended a select school — Or- 
leans Academy — near Paoli, and the next winter him- 
self gave instruction. From that time until 1876 he 
went to a school in the spring, taught during the win- 
ter, and worked in the Paoli Woolen Mills during the 
summer months; also, attending the Paoli normal 
school and high school. In the fall of 1876 he was 
elected auditor of Orange County, for a term of four 
years, which position he filled with credit to himself 
and to the satisfaction of the citizens of the county. 



[2ii Dist. 

He was married on the seventeenth day of October, 

1878, to iMiss Nancy B. Walker, of Flora, Illinois, 
daughter of William S. Walker, a merchant of that 
place. Mrs. Stucker is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. His death occurred in August, 

1879. He was much esteemed and respected as an 
honest, upright, genial gentleman. 

f TROPES, WILLIAM POSTON, editor and attor- 
1 ney-at-law, was born in Montezuma, Parke County, 
Indiana, March 21, 1832. He is the .son of Adam 
and Penelope Stropes. His father, of German and 
French descent, was a native of East Tennessee ; and his 
mother, of English extraction, was born in the state of 
New York. Mr. Stropes received the benefit of a com- 
mon school education, but his early habits and tastes 
were always of a literary character, and all the leisure 
moments of his youth were employed in reading instruc- 
tive books and papers. In his fifteenth year he entered 
the United States army, then serving in Mexico, as 
waiter-boy to his father, who vi'as first lieutenant in 
Company E, of the 2d Regiment of Indiana Volunteers. 
He remained in this service until September, 1846, when 
he returned home, and in 1849 began a mercantile life 
as a clerk in the store of Mason & Stropes, which place 
he held until 1S56, when he began business for himself. 
In 1857 he formed a partnership with his brother, which 
continued for six years, when Mr. Stropes retired, after 
thirteen years' continuous service as a merchant. In 
i860 he became the proprietor of a hotel, in which ca- 
pacity he continued until 1867, when, having received 
the Democratic nomination for countj- auditor, he ac- 
cepted the candidacy, but was defeated by forty-two 
votes. He returned to his former business after this 
brief experience in politics, and catered to the public in 
the capacity of a landlord until the year 1873, when he 
purchased the office and good-will of the Bloomfield 
Democrat, and began a successful editorial career, which 
yet continues. In 1874 he again received the Demo- 
cratic nomination for county auditor, and after a holly 
contested canvass was elected by a majority of one hun- 
dred and fifteen votes. He held this office from No- 
vember, 1875, f° November, 1879. In 187S, being a 
candidate for re-election, he suffered defeat by a small 
majority. Mr. Stropes joined the Bloomfield Lodge, 
No. 84, Free and Accepted Masons, in 1853, in which 
society he held the office of secretary several terms. He 
has no particular religious belief. He was brought up 
under the influence of the Methodist Epbcopal Church, 
but is inclined to a liberal view in such matters. Mr. 
Stropes has always been a Democrat, casting his first 
presidential vote for James Buchanan, in 1856, and has 
been prominent and foremost in the councils of his 

party. His position as an editor, and his experience in 
politics, give him a perfect knowledge of the inner 
affairs of a political canvass. On the tenth day of June, 
1856, Mr. Strojjes was married to Miss Sarah E. Talbott, 
the oldest daughter of James Talbott, junior, of Green- 
castle, Indiana. They have had eight children, six of 
whom are yet living, four sons and two daughters. Mr. 
Stropes has always been liberal and public-spirited in 
his life, giving generously to every thing tending to im- 
prove and build up the country and community. His 
life has been a busy one, and the different enterprises in 
which he has been engaged have alKreceived the stamp 
of his energy and progressive spirit. As a citizen he 
holds a high place in the community in which he lives, 
and is well and favorably known thioughout the state. 

AYLOR, SAMUEL H., attorney-at-law, of Wash- 
ington, Indiana, was born at Cumberland, Mary- 
land, January 25, 1837, and is the second son of 
William and Lavinia (Hill) Taylor. His father 
was engaged in various business pursuits, and was at 
one time Judge of the Orphan's Court. His oldest 
brother, William A. Taylor, was a colonel in the Con- 
federate army, and is now one of the leading men of 
Texas, having done much to advance the interests of 
that state, where he is largely engaged in railroad enter- 
prises. He attended private schools, and then entered 
the Alleghany Institute, at Cumberland, Maryland, from 
which he graduated in 1855. lie immediately entered 
the office of Hon. J. H. Gordon, of Cumberland, and 
in due time was admitted to the bar. In 1S57 he was 
appointed postmaster at Cumberland, by President Bu- 
chanan, retaining the place until 1861. In 1864 he re- 
moved to Washington, Indiana, and began the practice 
of his profession. He was twice elected common pleas 
prosecutor for the Vincennes district, and in 1872 repre- 
sented the Second District in the National Democratic 
Convention at Baltimore. In 1S76 he represented the 
same district in the National Democratic Convention at 
.St. Louis, Missouri. In 1872 Mr. Taylor was elected 
prosecutor of the Circuit Court. He resigned in 1873, 
to take charge of the Washington National Bank— of 
which he was one of the founders — as vice-president and 
cashier. In 1876 he retired fi-om the bank and resumed 
legal practice. In 1878 he was elected to represent Da- 
viess County in the state Legislature, and was appointed 
chairman of the Committee on Corporations, and also a 
member of the Committees on Judiciary, Prison Affairs, 
Mines and Mining, and the Redistricting of the Sta^e 
for congressional and legislative purposes. In politics 
he is a Democrat; he is regarded as one of the party 
leaders in this portion of the state, and was for some 
time chairman of the central committee. Mr. Tavlor 


2d Dist.'\ 



is Presbyterian in his religious views. He was married, 
April 7, 1857, to Josette E. Johnson, of Cumberland, 
Maryland, daughter of Joshua Johnson, one of the lead- 
ing business men of that cily. Edith, Mr. Johnson's eld- 
est daughter, is the wife of Thomas F. Candler, attor- 
ney-at-law, of Washington, Iijdiana, formerly a resident 
at Cumberland, Maryland. Mr. Taylor's ancestors, on 
both sides, date back many generations, to the oldest 
families in Maryland. He is fast winning his way to a 
prominent position at the Indiana bar, and is regarded 
as one of the useful citizens of Washington, being 
closely identified with her growth and prosperity. He 
is highly respected by all classes of the community as a 
thoroughly honorable gentleman. 

[AYLOR, waller, a Senator in Congress, was a 
native of Lunenburg County, Virginia, where he 
was born, August 26, 1826. He held offices of 
trust in the territory of Indiana, such as territorial 
judge, in 1806; served as aide-de-camp to General Harri- 
son at the battle of Tippecanoe, and was a man of high 
literary attainments. 

fEALE, JAMES C, farmer, of Washington, Indi- 
ana, was born in Daviess County, December 25, 
\&A, 1828, and is a son of John T. and Lucinda (Hyatt) 
i^ Veale. His father was a farmer, and his grand- 
father was the third white settler in Daviess County, 
having emigrated from South Carolina and settled here 
as early as 1807. He attended the common schools 
during the winter months, and through the summer 
season assisted his father on the farm, remaining at 
home until he was twenty-two years of age. He then 
was employed on the Wabash and Erie Canal at ninety 
cents a day. After working a year he returned, and 
drove a team for John Hyatt to Louisville, and soon 
after was appointed his clerk. In less than a year, he 
was taken in as a partner, under the firm name of Hyatt 
& Veale, in keeping a store, pork-packing, boating, 
grain dealing, and general trading through Southern 
Indiana and the South. The firm dissolved in 1861, 
Mr. Veale forming a partnership with James C. Spink, 
under the firm name of Spink & Veale. They pur- 
chased the Washington Mills, and soon after built the 
woolen mills. They also built and operated a large 
foundry, opened a bank of deposit, and added to their 
business a large and general store. During this time 
Mr. Veale was extensively engaged in farming and stock- 
raising, having been the first importer of blooded stock 
to this county. To-day he has the finest selection of 
fine stock in this portion of the state. Mr. Veale's 
credit during his mercantile life was unlimited among 

the merchants of New Orleans, Memphis, and other 
Southern cities, and the utmost reliance was placed 
ujjon his business integrity by all classes of people with 
whom he came in contact. In 1875, owing to the floods 
of that summer, in which they lost sixty thousand dol- 
lars' worth of stock and grain, he became embarrassed 
and suffered many reverses; but, with an amount of en- 
ergy and industry truly remarkable, he engaged exten- 
sively in farming, and expects to retrieve his shattered 
fortunes. The coming season he will plant over eight 
hundred acres of corn, besides being extensively en- 
gaged in raising blooded stock. He was married, No- 
vember 22, 1S58, to Nancy Wilkins, daughter of a mer- 
chant of Washington, Indiana. November 1 8, 1868, he 
married his present wife, Mary E. Ragsdale, daughter 
of a wealthy farmer of the county. They have three 
children. In political matters he sympathizes with the 
Greenback party. Mr. Veale has been closely identified 
with the growth and prosperity of Daviess County, 
having done as much as any other man in developing 
many and various institutions. He is a gentleman and 
a useful citizen. 

'*'aTSON, lewis L., proprietor of the Union 
Depot Hotel, at Vincennes, Indiana, was born 
April 13, 1809, in Vincennes, and is a son of 
^■^ Robert G. and Genevieve (Cornoyer) Watson. 
His father, of Scotch descent, was a merchant and fur- 
trader; his ancestors on his mother's side were among 
the earliest settlers in this country, having emigrated 
here in 1704. His means of education were very lim- 
ited, as school terms were few and far between. He 
spent six months in school at St. Louis, and since attain- 
ing the age of manhood has acquired a fair English 
education by his own efforts. In 1826 his father's fam- 
ily removed to St. Louis, where he learned the tailor's 
trade, at which he served five years. In 1832 he returned 
to Vincennes and opened a tailor's shop. In less than a 
year, however, he went back to St. Louis and again 
worked at his trade. In 1834 he removed to Vincennes, 
where he has since resided. Immediately on his arrival 
he opened a tailoring establishment, and after carrying 
it on three years sold out, and purchased a grocery 
store. This he carried on for four years, when he re- 
turned to his trade, working at it until 1849. He was 
then appointed postmaster by General Taylor, and, be- 
ing confirmed under Fillmore's administration, held the 
position until the spring of 1853. At that time he was 
appointed receiver of toll at the lock and dam at Grand 
Rapids, on the Wabash River, and remained two years. 
In the spring of 1855 he resigned, and accepted a posi- 
tion as passenger conductor on the Evansville and Craw- 
fordsville Railroad, holding it for one year, being then 
appointed agent for the road at Vincennes. He also at 



Izd Disl. 

the time opened a lumber yard in partnership with 
Charles Daws, which he continued for four years. He 
sold out this interest and resigned his position as agent, 
and in the fall of 1859 was appointed paymaster and 
supply agent for the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, 
which position he filled to the satisfaction of the com- 
pany until 1871. He then resigned, and took an active 
part in the management of the Union Depot Hotel, in 
conjunction with Captain Mass, which business they 
still continue. He was married, November 6, 1832, to 
Lydia E. Fellows, daughter of Willis Fellows, a prom- 
inent wheelwright and builder, well known in Southern 
Indiana and St. Louis, where he built several mills. 
They have had twelve children, of whom four boys and 
three girls are now living. Samuel W. is cashier of the 
Harrison Bank, at Indianapolis; Edward is manager of 
the Union Depot Hotel ; Willis H., at the age of nine- 
teen, was a captain in the Both Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, and now resides in Aurora, Illinois, where he 
carries on a book-store; and Robert G. is a partner in 
the National Hotel, at Terre Haute. Jane E. married 
James Reynolds, a farmer and ex-county treasurer; Ruth 
O'Boyle is the widow of a boot and shoe merchant, of 
Terre Haute; and Ida M. is still single. Mr. Watson 
is an active member of the Church of Rome. In pol- 
itics he was reared a Whig, and remained with that 
party until 1S56, when it indorsed Know-Nothingism, 
at which time he joined the Democracy, and is still a 
strong, active Democrat. Mr. Watson has been more 
closely identified in the building up of the city of Vin- 
cennes than almost any other of her citizens, having 
erected many houses and aided materially in the con- 
struction of the bridge over the Wabash River, and the 
city is largely indebted to him for the numerous railroads 
crossing at this point. Mr. Watson is well known all 
over this section of the country as a gentleman of energy 
and force, and is regarded as one of the leading citizens 
of his city and county. 

' ELLS, HIRAM E., treasurer of Orange County, 
Indiana, was born in that county, February 7, 
1840, and is the eldest son of Stephen and Sarah 
(Dark) Wells. His father was a farmer in lim- 
ited circumstances. At the age of seventeen he left 
home without a cent, and began his. struggle for a live- 
lihood. He had attended school but very little, being 
barely able to read, and, though he has received no 
further instruction, he has acquired a fair English edu- 
cation by his own energy and perseverance. On leaving 
home he engaged as a farm hand at thirteen dollars per 
month, and after three months' work purchased a colt 
with his earnings. After holding it a few days he sold it 
for one hundred dollars, this transaction being the be- 

ginning of his trading. Until 1861 he continued work- 
ing and trading whenever occasion offered. In July, 
1861, he enlisted as a private in the 25th Regiment In- 
diana Volunteer Infantry, and when discharged in the 
summer of 1865 had risen to the rank of sergeant. 
During this time he was -constantly in active service, 
and was on General Sherman's grand march down to 
the sea. At Fort Donelson and also at Wolf River he 
was slightly wounded. On his return home he settled 
in Paoli, Indiana, and resumed the business of stock- 
trader. He also dealt in real estate and carried on farm- 
ing, and, by close attention to business and fair and 
honorable dealing, he to-day is possessed of over one 
thousand acres of land. By his untiring and judicious 
speculations he has steadily ascended the ladder of fame 
and wealth, until to-day he stands out prominent among 
the business men of Orange County. In 1S76 he was 
elected county treasurer, and was re-elected in 1878, 
which position he is filling to the satisfaction of the cit- 
izens. November 18, 1869, he was married to Mary J. 
Hill, of his county, by whom he has three children. In 
political matters he is an active member of the Repub- 
lican party. 


was born in New Albany, April I, 1848, 
"f^ father was Governor Ashbel P. Willard. 


sketch.) Losing both his parents at an early age, 
he attended the preparatory school known as Colton's 
Institute, at Middletown, Connecticut, where he also, in 
1864, was admitted to Wesleyan University, taking the 
entrance prize for the finest examination. In his sopho- 
more year he entered Hamilton College, in accordance 
with his father's dying directions. Here his scholarship 
was of the highest order, and he took more and higher 
honors in rhetoric and elocution than any other person 
in his class, graduating with a high rank. He next 
fitted himself for the bar at Columbia College Law 
School ; thence he went on a foreign tour, taking his 
degrees in 1870 from the college of France and the law 
school of Paris. In 1871 he graduated from the School 
of Law at Vienna, obtaining the prize medal for his 
disquisition on the Roman law. He next went on a 
tour through the Holy Land and into the center of 
Persia, going thence across the desert to Suez, and from 
there nine hundred miles up the Nile, on a tour of ad- 
venturous travel. Returning to New Albany at the 
close of 1S71, he entered into the practice of the law. 
From his earliest infancy he had been habituated to look 
forward to politics as the future field of his usefulness, 
and in 1872, although his eligibility was doubtful, he 
was elected to the Legislature from Floyd County. In 
the House, though the youngest member, he was among 
the leaders of his party, but, as the Democracy were in 

Sri Dist.\ 




the minority, his hands were in a measure tied. He de- 
clined re-election, devoting himself to his profession and 
to a profound study of political economy, but making a 
thorough canvass before each general election. Decem- 
ber 31, 1877, he was married to Miss Kate L. Newland, 
at Bedford. In 1878, when the contest in Floyd County 
seemed almost hopeless, he entered the fight for Repre- 
sentative, and, after a desperate campaign, was elected 
by nearly two hundred above the state ticket. He was 
second choice of his party for speaker of the House, but 
withdrew his name for the sake of harmony. Personal 
enmity took from him the position of chairman of the 
Committee of Ways and Means, to which parliamentary 
usage would have entitled him. But, in spite of his 
youth, he rose at once to the leadership of his party on 
the floor, and his record in the session showed him to be 
one of the strongest men in Indiana. His presentation of 
Daniel W. Voorhees for United States Senator established 
his reputation for eloquence throughout the state. In 
the Democratic state convention of 1880 lie was the lead- 
ing candidate for Lieutenant-governor, but, when the 
name of the unsuccessful candidate for Governor was pre- 
sented for the second place, Willard, with that rapid de- 
cision which is his marked characteristic, seconded, the 
nomination, determined that no personal ambition should 
imperil the harmony and success of his party. Thor- 
oughly skilled in parliamentary customs, conversing flu- 
ently in several languages, with a resistless power of 
oratory, firm and decisive in character, genial in tem- 
perament, and even now recognized as the leader of the 
young Democracy of Indiana, Mr. Willard has before 
him a brilliant future, which his deep studies have ren- 
dered him well qualified to realize. In May, 1879, he 
removed to Bedford, and is numbered among the fore- 
most legal minds in that portion of the state. 

HlJlLLARD, ASHBEL PARSONS (deceased). Gov- 
ernor of Indiana, so named from his maternal 
y-A^ grandfather, was born October 31, 1820, at Ver- 

^^ non, Oneida County, New York. His father was 
Colonel Erastus Willard, sheriff of the county. The 
maiden name of his mother, whose- memory he revered 
as long as he lived, was Sarah Parsons. She died when 
he was fourteen, but she had already detected the dawn- 
ing brilliancy of his mind, and,' calling him to her dying 
bed, counseled him to obtain a liberal education, and to 
enter the profession of the law. In accordance with her 
dying wishes, he pursued his preparatory studies at the 
Oneida Liberal Institute, and, when eighteen, he entered 
Hamilton College, in the class of 1842. He became first in 
scholarship in the institution, and bore off its highest hon- 
ors, as valedictorian. After graduating, Willard, depart- 
ing from the home of his youth, followed two brothers, 

who had preceded him, to Marshall, Michigan ; and 
there, at the age of twenty-two, in the fall of 1842, 
with feeble health but full of "the mental exhilarations 
of youth, hope, and glory," he embarked upon the 
stormy sea of life. He remained at Marshall with, of 
course, a limited legal practice for about a year, when, 
his health not becoming established, he determined to 
seek a milder clime. He purchased a horse, and rode 
south-westwardly into Texas, and back again to Ken- 
tucky, where, his funds being exhausted but his health 
exceedingly improved, he stopped and obtained employ- 
ment as a school-teacher. This was the year of the 
presidential contest between Polk and Clay. Willard 
from his boyhood had been an earnest, working political 
partisan. He left the school-room for' the political 
arena. New Albany, Indiana, fell within his circle, and 
there, stranger as he was, he addressed the people. 
The impression made by the tall, slender young orator 
was so favorable to him, personally, that it induced an 
invitation to him to make that city his home. It was 
in the spring of 1845, before he had reached the age of 
twenty-five, that Ashbel P. Willard, without pecuniary 
resources, in the absence of relatives and only with 
friends of an hour's acquaintance, become a resident of 
Indiana. For a little over fifteen years he was a resi- 
dent of this state. In that period what did he accom- 
plish? Entering upon the practice of the law at New 
Albany, he was compelled to encounter an able and 
learned bar ; such lawyers as Crawford, Otto, Davis, 
Bicknell, and others ranking inferior to none in the state. 
This competition only stimulated him to greater exer- 
tion. He afterwards became the partner of Mr. 
Crawford, but did not, however, pursue the legal pro- 
fession long enough to reach its greatest honors. Politics, 
as we shall soon see, engaged his thoughts and energies, 
and became the field of labor in which he won his fame. 
In narrating, however, the events of his life it is proper 
here to turn aside to mention one of a domestic character. 
On the 31st of May, 1847, he was married to Miss Car- 
oline C. Cook, of Haddam, Connecticut. Of the off- 
spring of that marriage the first and the third, James 
H. and Caroline C. Willard, survive. By the side of the 
second, Ashbel P. Willard, junior, the dust of the father 
sleeps, and there rest also the remains of his cherished 
wife. In May, 1849, Mr. Willard was elected a member 
of the city council of New Albany, and labored steadily 
in that capacity for the improvement of the finances oi 
the city. In 1850 he was elected to the Legislature 
from Floyd County by an unusual majority. He served 
in the capacity of Representative but a single session ; 
but it is conclusive evidence of the reputation he had 
already acquired for talents and efficiency that, young 
as he was, and new member as he was, he was placed 
at the head of the Committee on Ways and Means, 
.timI assigned the leadership of tlie Democratic party 



[2(1 Dist. 

in the House. In 1852 he was nominated by the 
Democratic party of Indiana for Lieutenant-governor, 
and elected. He filled this office until 1856, when 
he was called by the suffrages of the people of the 
state, after a most desperate political contest, to the 
executive chair, the highest office in their gift. He 
was inaugurated Governor of Indiana January 10, 1857. 
And here let the reader pause a moment to observe the 
spectacle presented. A young man, who, eleven years 
before, had entered upon his career of life in Indiana 
poor and friendless, had, by his own persistent effisrts, 
without aid from the accidents of fortune, risen with an 
unfaltering step through a gradation of honorable and 
responsible offices, till at the early age of thirty-six he 
ascended to the highest position in the government of a 
state composed of over a million of people. But few 
parallel oases can be found. In i86d his strength failed 
him. He went to Minnesota in the hope of recuperat- 
ing; but there, in a ride from White Bear Lake to St. 
Paul, he took a sudden cold, and on October 4 of that 
year he expired from an attack of pneumonia. At the 
meridian of life, far up toward the source of the Father 
of Waters, whose swelling and majestic flow was no 
unfit emblem of the bold and overpowering stream of 
the eloquence of the "silver-tongued orator of Indiana," 
did Willard, yielding to the only enemy he could not 
conquer, descend into the region of the dead — but there 
not to dwell. Amid public evidences of a sorrowing 
people his remains were borne to the city of New Al- 
bany, where they rest in the midst of the friends he 
loved so well. The most marked features of Willard's 
intellectual powers were intuition and will — the faculties 
of all others most sure to produce the man of action, 
the successful leader ; and, united with these, he had a 
gift of eloquence which makes his name a fireside 
recollection in the homes of Indiana. He saw at a 
glance the true relations of things, the exact bearing 
of current events; what was proper to be done, and 
how to do It ; and the force, the energy, of his will 
bore him forward in its immediate and successful execu- 
tion. He had great decision of character. Once en- 
tered upon a course which intuition had opened to him 
as the right, he thought only of following it success- 
fully through, and his conviction of its correctness, and 
the force of his determination to succeed, always inspired 
him with confidence in the result. He never stopped 
to speculate or doubt, and no leader ever should while 
he continues the contest; for uncertainty and hesitancy 
palsy the arm in its attempt to execute. As a general 
truth, it may be asserted that none but the siT^cere, be- 
lieving, earnest man will efficiently or can successfully 
struggle with difficulties. It was the possession in so 
high a degree of the qualities above mentioned that 
<lrew upon Willard, liy common consent, the leader- 
ship among those with whom lie might bo; for the 

wavering and timid always follow the decided and 
! brave. And it was those qualities also that gave him 
such distinguished success as a presiding officer — quick- 
ness of apprehension, promptness, and energy in action. 

'ILLIAM.S, JAME.S DOUGLAS, Governor of In- 
diana, is a type of the Western pioneer, now 
seldom seen east of the Mississippi River. Born 
in Pickaway County, Ohio, January 16, 1808, he 
moved with his father's family to Indiana in 1818, and 
settled in Knox County, near the historic city of Vin- 
cennes. He grew to manhood there, and there remained 
until January, 1877, when he came to the capital of 
Indiana to take the reins of the state government, at 
the command of over two hundred thousand American 
freemen. When Governor Williams arrived in Indiana, 
and for many years afterwards, the state was sparsely 
populated. In many parts of it there were no white 
men or women, and where there were white settlements 
dwelling-houses were far apart, and communication with 
the outside world difficult and unfrequent. Therefore it 
was hard to establish and maintain schools and Churches, 
and the newspaper was an unusual visitor at the fireside 
of the pioneer. It was under such circumstances as 
these that Governor Williams grew to manhood and en- 
tered upon the duties of life. The little schooling he 
received was obtained in the log school-house, at times 
when his services could be spared from the farm. But, 
if the advantages of the school-room were measurably 
denied him, he was somewhat compensated for their loss 
by mingling with the best people in his settlement, and 
learning from them something of the outside world. 
Therefore when he reached his majority he was unusu- 
ally well versed, for one in his circumstances, in the news 
of that day and the history of the past. Added to this, 
he had a well-knit, hardy frame, was supple and agile 
in his movements, and, taken all in all, was the most 
promising young man in the settlement. He could 
make a full hand at the plow, in the harvest field, or at 
the log-rolling, and was known throughout the neigh- 
borhood as a young man of industrious habits and of 
more than ordinary culture. When Governor Williams 
was twenty years of age his father died. Being the oldest 
of six children, the care of the family devolved on him. 
He accepted this responsibility and acquitted himself 
well, as he has always done when charged with impor- 
tant duties. Three years afterwards — at the .nge of 
twenty-three — he married Nancy Hufl!"man, who lived 
until this year to bless and comfort him in his declining 
years. By her he has had seven children, two of whom 
only are living. His wife, like the mistress of the Her- 
mitage, was wedded to her country home, and through- 
luit his long life, most of which has been spent in the 

^//isy^ ^.///^^//^^,^7iy 

zd Disi.'\ 



public service, has rcmnined on his farm and participated 
in its management. Her death occurred June 27, 1880. 
Governor Williams entered public life in 1S39 as a Jus- 
tice of the Peace. For four years he held this office 
and decided the controversies and adjusted the difficul- 
ties of his neighbors with great judicial fairness. His 
decisions were sometimes dissented from, but in no case 
were corrupt motives imputed to him. His neighbors 
knew his integrity, and while they sometimes criticised 
his conclusions they never impugned the means by 
which he reached them. In 1 843 he resigned his office 
of Justice of the Peace, and the same year was elected 
to the lower branch of the state Legislature. From 
that time until 1874, when he was elected to the 
national Congress, he was almost continuously in the 
legislative service of the state. Sometimes in the House 
of Representatives and then in the Senate, a history of 
his legislative work would be a history of the legislation 
of Indiana from 1843 to 1874. No man in the state 
has been so long in public life as he, and no one has 
more faithfully sers'ed the people. He is identified with 
most of the important . measures of legislation dur- 
ing this time, and is the author of many of them. It 
is to him that the widows of Indiana are indebted for 
the law which allows them to hold, without administra- 
tion, the estates of their deceased husbands when they 
do not exceed three hundred dollars in value. He is 
the author of the law which distributed the sinking fund 
among the counties of the state ; and to him more than 
to any other man, with probably the exception of the 
late Governor Wright, are the people indebted for the 
establishment of the State Board of Agriculture, an in- 
stitution that has done so much to foster and develop the 
agricultural interests of Indiana. He was for sixteen years 
a member of this board, and for four of them was its 
president. During his management of its affairs it was 
a self-supporting institution, and, besides, it accumulated 
an extensive and valuable property during the time he 
was at its head. It has been since he ceased to con- 
trol its direction that its finances have become so dis- 
ordered that to preserve its existence the Legislature of 
the state has been compelled to take from the public 
treasury large sums of money and bestow them upon 
the society. It is safe to say that had he continued 
at its head no such necessity would have arisen. In 
1872 Governor Williams was the nominee of the Demo- 
cratic members of the Legislature for United States Sen- 
ator, but, his party being in the minority, he was de- 
feated for the office by the late Senator Morton. In 
1874 Governor Williams was elected to Congress from 
the Vincennes district, and took his seat the ensuing 
fall. He was made chairman of the Committee on Ac- 
counts of the House. Abuses had crept into this branch 
of the public service. Officers and employes acted upon 
the theory that "Uncle -Sam" was a rich goose, from 

which every one had the right to pluck a quill. He 
soon taught them that public property was as sacred as 
private property, and that no one had a right to its use 
without rendering an equivalent. This brought upon 
him the maledictions of those who hover about the cap- 
ital to fatten upon the rich pickings there to be found; 
but it endeared him to those whose money supplies 
them. It was while at his post at Washington, attend- 
ing to his public duties, that a telegram was handed 
him announcing his nomination for Governor of Indiana, 
by the Democratic convention of that state. He had 
not been a candidate for the place, and was as much 
surprised as any one when informed that the nomination 
had been made. The campaign of 1876 in Indiana was 
a memorable one. It never had its counterpart in this 
country, except in 1858, when Douglas and Lincoln in 
Illinois contested for the presidential stakes in i860. 
Senator Morton announced early in the canvass, in a 
speech he delivered in the Academy of Music in In- 
dianapolis, that the election of Williams as Governor 
meant the election of Tilden as President. Events proved 
the truth of the Senator's declaration ; for neither the 
decision of the Electoral Commission nor the legerde- 
main practiced by the returning boards can obscure the 
fact that the United States voted in November as Indi- 
ana did in October. Hendricks and McDonald, Landers 
and Gooding, Voorhees and Williams, and many other 
able men, entered the fight as champions of the De- 
mocracy; while Morton and Harrison, Cumback and But- 
ler, Gordon and Nelson, and other men of prominence 
and ability, marshaled the forces of the Republicans. 
The conflict was so fierce that it shook the whole coun- 
try. The Republican speakers and journals ridiculed 
the Democratic candidate for Governor, and made sport 
of his homespun clothes and plain appearance ; but 
the Democracy seized upon his peculiarities and made 
them watchwords of victory. Blue Jeans clubs were 
formed throughout the state, and the name the Repub-- 
licans had given the Democratic candidate in derision 
was accepted by his friends and made to do service in his 
behalf. When the campaign was ended, and the bal- 
lots were cast and counted, it was ascertained that the 
plain and honest old farmer of Knox had beaten his op- 
ponent — General Benjamin Harrison — over five thousand 
votes. The result was as gratifying to his friends 
as it could have been to him, for they knew he had 
never been found wanting in any place he had been 
called upon to fill ; and they felt entire confidence 
that his legislative and congressional laurels would 
not turn to gubernatorial willows. The predecessors 
of Governor Williams for more than two decades have 
been eminent men. The three immediate ones were 
Morton, Baker, and Hendricks, the former and the 
latter of whom have national reputations. While 
he has not the organizing ability and aggressive- 



\2d Dist. 

ness of Morton, the reading and legal erudition 
of Baker, nor the elegance and symmetrical devel- 
opment of Hendricks, he has other qualities as an ex- 
ecutive officer as valuable as those possessed by any of 
them. He is careful and painstaking, and enters into 
the minutest details of his office ; and he performs no 
official act without thoroughly understanding its import 
and effect. He is self-willed and self-reliant, and prob- 
ably consults fewer persons about his official duties than 
did any of his predecessors for a generation. During 
his canvass for Governor, it was charged by his political 
opponents that his selection would place in the exec- 
utive chair one who would be influenced and controlled 
by others, but experience has proved the falsity of the 
charge. If any just criticism can be made upon him in 
this regard, it is that he has not sufficiently given his 
confidence to his friends. Instead of being swayed to 
and fro by others, he goes perhaps to the other extreme, 
and refuses to be influenced by any. Better, however, 
be stubborn than fickle, for the first insures stability and 
fixedness of purpose, while the latter always results in 
uncertainty and doubt. Governor Williams is econom- 
ical and simple in his tastes and habits. By industry 
and care he has accumulated a handsome competency, 
which, no doubt, will increase each succeeding year of 
his life. The necessities of his youth caused him to be 
careful and saving of his earnings, and he has clung to the 
habits then formed to the present day. He is fond of 
amusements, and is an adept in social games and pastimes. 
He frequently visits the theater, and it is as pleasant as 
it is common to see him enter a place of public amusement 
accompanied by his grand-children or some of his coun- 
try neighbors. He is courteous in his intercourse with 
others, is a good conversationalist, and is never at a loss 
for words to express his thoughts. He stands six feet 
four inches in his boots; is remarkably straight and 
erect for one of his years ; has large hands and feet ; has 
high cheek-bones; a long, sharp nose; twinkling, gray 
eyes; a clean shaven face, skirted with whiskers upon 
his throat ; and a head covered profusely with black 
hair, in which scarcely a gray filament is to be seen. 
His physiognomy denotes industry and shrewdness, and 
does not belie the man. He dresses plainly, but with 
scrupulous neatness. He is a good judge of human 
nature, and he who attempts to deceive or overreach 
him will have his labor for his pains. Such is James 
D. Williams, the centennial Governor of Indiana. Gov- 
ernor Williams will retire from his office in January, 
1881. His age is such that it is probable that his pub- 
lic life — forty-two years in the service of the people — 
will then be ended. That he has acquitted himself 
well in all the positions he filled ; that he has made 
the world better by having lived in it; and that he is 
entitled to honorable mention in the history of his 
adopted state, will be the verdict of the people, when, 

like Cincinnatus of old, he lays aside the robes of office 
and retires to his farm, there to spend the evening of 
his life in quietude and rest. 

; ILSON, ELBRIDGE G., attorney-at-law, of Paoli, 
Indiana, was born in Seymour, Jackson County, 
Indiana, June 13, 1852, and was the son of Will- 
iam and Sarah F. (Hosea) Wilson. His father, 
a teacher, left his home for California in 1856, and the 
family did not hear from him for sixteen years. His 
mother, being in limited circumstances, was compelled to 
bind out her children. Elbridge went to live with his 
grandfather, Mr. Hosea, to learn the shoemaker's trade. 
He never attended school until sixteen, when he ran 
away, finding another place, where he managed to attend 
school, working at night and on Saturdays for his board, 
until he fitted himself for a teacher, a position he assumed 
when twenty. After teaching five months, he attended 
the Blue River Academy each successive spring and sum- 
mer until he began the study of law, in 1875, with 
Judge Coffee, of Nashville, Indiana. In 1876 he entered 
the State University at Bloomington, Indiana, and grad- 
uated from the law department in the spring of 1877. 
He immediately settled at Paoli, and commenced prac- 
ticing, having been admitted to the bar in 1876. Since 
his residence in Paoli, he has devoted his entire time to 
the study of his profession, and is fast winning his way 
to prominence at the Orange County bar, having now a 
business second to none. He was married to Elizabeth 
Shoulders, daughter of a farmer in Orange County, and 
granddaughter of a state Senator. Mr. Wilson is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in politics 
is an active Democrat, having canvassed the county for 
his party last fall. He is a man of excellent habits, 
pleasant in demeanor, and thoroughly well bred. 

ILSON, FRANCIS, was born February 19, 1836, 
in Lexington, Scott County, Indiana. Soon after 
his birth his parents moved to a farm two miles 
distant from Lexington, and here the first dozen 
years of his life were passed. They subsequently re- 
moved to the village of New Frankfort, in the same 
county. At the age of sixteen, Frank, as he has always 
been familiarly called, had so far mastered the common 
branches of education as to be able to obtain from the 
county examiner a certificate to teach a district school. 
From this period until he was twenty years of age his 
time was spent in giving instruction, and in attending 
college at Hanover College, Indiana. When twenty 
years old he left college and went to Illinois, where, for 
the next two years, he was engaged in teaching school 

2d Disi.] 



and in land siuveying, then returning to his native state 
and settling at Paoli, the county seat of Orange County. 
Here he resumed the occupation of teaching, and at 
the same time began the study of law. After two years 
thus passed he was admitted to practice. In i860 he 
was elected Justice of the Peace for Paoli Township, 
and continued to hold the office for about a year, when 
he resigned, that he might give his entire time to his 
profession. This term of office won for him the title 
of '"Squire" Wilson, which he continued to bear for 
a number of years. His advancement in his calling 
was not very marked for two or three years, but by in- 
dustry, close attention to his business, and honesty, in 
four or five years he came to be known as one of the 
best and most trustworthy lawyers of his section, and 
from that time he controlled a leading practice in the 
courts in Paoli and in the adjoining counties. As he 
was neither bold nor aggressive in character, he won his 
way by dint of real merit. In 1861 he married Mary, 
daughter of Doctor Cornelius White, a leading phy- 
sician of Paoli. She is a woman of fine personal ap- 
pearance and great force of character, and has made 
him a most excellent wife. He continued to practice 
his profession, living at Paoli until 1868, when he re- 
moved to Bedford, Indiana, where he has ever since re- 
sided. At this last place he has for ten years been en- 
gaged with great success, his reputation as a lawyer 
causing his services to be sought after in the most im- 
portant cases in his part of the state. In 1873 he was 
appointed by Governor Thomas A. Hendricks to supply 
a vacancy in the office of Circuit Judge of the Tenth 
Circuit. This place he filled with credit and ability, 
and he was nominated by his party for election for the 
next term, but failed of securing it on account of an inde- 
pendent candidate, who was of the same politics, and 
who took off enough votes to elect the nominee on the 

other side. At the next contest for Circuit Judge in his 
circuit, his party again nominated him, and he was 
chosen, although his party was in the minority. He 
is now serving his term as Judge of the Tenth Judicial 
Circuit of the state, composed of the counties of Mon- 
roe, Lawrence, Orange, and Martin. The ability and 
honesty with which he has discharged the duties of his 
office have more than met the expectations of his warmest 
friends and admirers. Judge Wilson is under the aver- 
age stature. He is in dress inclined to be neat and 
tidy beyond that of lawyers in general. He is scrupu- 
lous about having things in order, and is methodical 
and systematic in business. In his profession he is dis- 
tinguished for untiring industry, zeal, and ambition to 
excel. He wants the physical vigor and vocal power to 
make a great advocate, but he has made many jury 
speeches that will be long remembered by those who 
have heard him, and he has the rare faculty of being 
able to argue a law question so as to enlist the attention 
and interest of even the unprofessional hearer. His 
style of speaking is deliberate, clear, logical, and ear- 
nest, using the best of language, and sometimes warm- 
ing up to the highest pitch of forensic eloquence. In 
speaking it is not his habit to appeal to the passions or 
prejudice of his hearers. In his conduct toward his 
adversaries he is noted for courtesy and fairness, and he 
has never allowed his zeal to induce him to seek success 
by disreputable practices. In politics Judge Wilson 
started out in life a Republican, and continued to act 
with that party until 1872, when he joined the liberal 
Republicans, and supported Greeley. Since that time 
he has acted with the Democratic party. He has always 
been a zealous partisan, but has few of the qualifications 
for a successful politician. Whatever success in life he 
attains will most likely be in his profession, in which he 
is thoroughly versed. 


Third Congressional District. 

[(fj)AIN, WILLIAM C. A., physician and surgeon, 
of Brownstown, was born December 5, 1819, in 
Trimble County, Kentucky, and is a son of Leroy 
and Elizabeth (Baker) Bain. His father served in 
the War of 1812, attaining the rank of captain, and his 
grandfathers on both sides belonged to the Revolution- 
ary army. He acquired the rudiments of his education 
at the common schools in Trimble County, and at the 
age of twenty-two years left home and went to Scott 
County, Indiana, where he commenced the study of 
medicine under Doctor McClure. After a year's study 
he spent one term in the Medical College at St. Louis. 
He then settled in Jackson County, Indiana, and prac- 
ticed medicine until the fall of 1849, when he entered 
the Evansville Medical College, from which he graduated 
the following March. Returning to Jackson County he 
resumed the duties of his profession in the southern part 
of the county, and had an extensive practice. In 1863, 
during the siege of Vicksburg, Doctor Bain was com- 
missioned as a volunteer surgeon by Governor Morton; 
and at the close of the siege returned to Jackson 
County and settled in Brownstown, where he has since 
resided. He married Sarah Ann Barnes, the daughter 
of a wealthy farmer of Jefferson County. Six children 
have been born to them, five of whom are now living. 
William M. Bain, a respected merchant of Seymour, In- 
diana, died in his thirty-first year. Thomas J., now rail- 
road agent at Columbus, married Ella Davison, of 
Seymour; she bore him three children, who, with their 
mother, are dead. Mary E. Bain married a farmer of 
Seymour; Frances A. is the wife of Aaron Salsisch, 
freight agent at Terre Haute; Eunitia V. married J. 
Brannaman, a farmer of Brownstown ; Laura, the young- 
est daughter, is at home. Doctor Bain's wife departed 
this life on the 26th of April, 1861. October 19, 1862, 
he married Mary M. Morelands ; they have had two 
children, one of whom is now living. Dr. Bain was 
brought up a Methodist, but is not a member of any 

religious denomination. He believes in a man's think- 
ing for himself, and his wife is of the same opinion. 
From his earliest recollection he has sympathized with 
the Democratic party, but now believes that there is 
no honesty in politics, and supports the man he deems 
best qualified for the position. By close attention to his 
professional duties he has won the hearts of the com- 
munity, and many citizens feel that they owe their lives 
to his skill. He is to all intents and purposes a self- 
made man, having taught school and chopped wood 
to defray his expenses at college. 

fARMORE, DAVID S., ship-builder, of Jefferson- 
ville, is the only surviving son of David and 
Phoebe Barmore, who emigrated in 1817 from 
v>^ Penn Yan, Yates County, New York, to Cincin- 
nati. There David Barmore was born, on the loth of 
August, 1833. His mother died when he was six years 
old, and his father five years later, leaving five children, 
one son and four daughters. He was cared for during 
his childhood by his oldest sister, who, about the time 
of her father's death, married Mr. James Howard, a 
ship-builder. Though his educational advantages were 
limited, he was fond of useful books, and, being a nat- 
urally intelligent boy, mastered, with but little assist- 
ance, engineering and drafting. At the age of twelve he 
was apprenticed to his brother-in-law to learn the ship- 
building trade. When but eighteen, being practically 
and theoretically master of his craft, he engaged to 
work for his brother-in-law, and before he was nineteen 
had charge of over two hundred workmen. He re- 
mained here until 1855, when, with a Mr. King, he 
engaged in ship-building at Jefifersonville, Indiana, un- 
der the firm name of King & Barmore. Two years later 
the firm was dissolved, and Mr. Barmore took charge of 
Mr. Howard's yard in Jeffersonville until 1864, when he 


{jd Disl. 

formed a partnership with a Mr. Stuart, the firm name 
being Stuart & Barmore. They were very successful, 
and built some of the finest steamboats on the Ohio 
River. In 1869 Mr. Barmore purchased Mr. Stuart's 
interest, and he has since continued the business alone. 
In 1877 his mills and nearly every thing connected with 
his business, including models and drafting depart- 
ment, were destroyed by fire, his loss exceeding fifty 
thousand dollars. At thi'i time he had seven steamboats 
under contract, and succeeded in rebuilding his mills 
and completing them on time. He has one of the 
largest ship-building yards on the Ohio River, and em- 
ploys over two hundred workmen the greater part of the 
year. He has built over one hundred and twenty-five 
steamboats, and several light-draft steamers for the gov- 
ernment coast survey service, at an average of thirty 
thousand dollars each, making a total of three million 
seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars. Mr. Barmore 
married, December 31, 1856, Miss Elizabeth Cash, 
daughter of Samuel and Margaret Cash, of Jefferson- 
ville, Indiana, and has had two children, one of whom 
is living. Mrs. Barmore is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which Mr. Barmore also attends. 

|ENZ, JOHN, state Senator, one of the prominent 
merchants and leading politicians of Leavenworth, 
Crawford County, was born in Germany, March 
9, 1834. He is the son of Jacob and Mary Benz. 
After receiving a thorough and complete education, at 
the early age of si.xteen he came to America to seek his 
fortune, landing at New Orleans, March 25, 1850. He 
speedily acquired a knowledge of our language, and 
identified himself with American interests,, customs, and 
institutions. He proceeded to Louisville, where he 
worked at his trade, that of a tailor. After remaining 
there five years he removed to St. Louis, where, how- 
ever, he only remained some nine months, when he re- 
lumed to Louisville. Not, however, feeling perfectly 
satisfied, he shortly after removed to Hawesville, Ken- 
tucky, and from there to Cannelton, Indiana, where he 
was employed for some four years. Having by that 
time, through the exercise of care and economy, accu- 
mulated a fair amount of money, he resolved to go into 
business on his own account, and decided upon Leaven- 
worth as the point, it being a young and rising town. 
He there embarked in business as a general merchant, 
and such has been his success, through his own energy 
and perseverance, that he is now one of the largest and 
most successful merchants of the town. He is a man of 
enterprise, tact, and energy, and is one who enjoys in a 
high sense the honor and respect of his fellow-citizens 
wherever he has become known. Successful in his busi- 
ness career, he now enjoys a compttcncc. Early in life 

he associated himself with the Democratic party, and has 
served most efficiently as chairman of the Democratic 
central committee of Crawford County for about four 
years. In 1864 he was elected county coroner for Craw- 
ford County, in 1874 school trustee of Leavenworth, in 
1876 to the state Legislature from Crawford and Orange 
Counties, in 1878 state Senator for Crawford and Harri- 
son Counties. lie was educated as a Lutheran, and 
now attends that Church. lie was married, July 4, 
1856, to Caroline Nybower, daughter of Karl Nybower, 
of Germany. They have had six children — three girls 
(one of whom is dead) and three boys. The two eldest 
sons are now employed in their father's store. Such is 
the record of one of Crawford County's most prominent 
citizens, and one upon whom honors have been be- 
stowed for his worth alone. 

^I^LISII, JOHN H., merchant, of .Seymour, was born 
HlJI in Woodstock, Windsor County, Vermont, April 
0^ 25, 1822. His parents were John and Mareb 
fe^ (Wale>) Blish. His father was a hardware mer- 
chant at Woodstock. He attended school at the acad- 
emy at Newbury, Vermont, graduated a civil engineer 
in 1845, and immediately commenced the practice of his 
profession on the Rutland and Burlington Railway. In 
September, 1849, he started for California, but was in- 
duced to stop at Jeffersonville, Indiana, where he was ap- 
pointed assistant engineer of the Madison, Jeffersonville 
and Indianapolis Railroad, the second railroad in the 
state — ^just being constructed — and located and built the 
i-oad from Jeffersonville to Indianapolis. In 1S53 he ac- 
cepted the same position on the Chicago and Cincinnati 
Air-line Railroad. He was married, in September, 
1856, to Sarah S. Shields, daughter of Hon. Medey W. 
Shields, of Seymour, Indiana. In the fall of 1857 he 
resigned his position on the railroad and removed to 
Council Bluffs, Iowa. There he engaged in the real 
estate business, and was made city engineer. The fol- 
lowing spring he removed to Seymour, Indiana, and, 
IHirchasing the Crescent Flour-mills of that city, man- 
aged them very successfully until the spring of 1869. 
He was then appointed chief engineer of the Evansville 
and Lake Erie Railroad, securing and locating the line 
of that road until work on it was suspended in 1873, 
owing to the financial troubles of the country. He then 
returned to Seymour, where he gave his attention to 
dealing in grain, and in 1877 he re-purchased the Cres- 
cent City Mills. Mr. Blish is the father of seven chil- 
dren, five of whom, three sons and two daughters are 
now living. The oldest son, Medey Shields Blish, is a 
]iartner with his father in the milling and grain business; 
John Ball Blish, the second son, is a midshipman in the 
United Stales Navy ; Tipton S., Emma M., and Lucy S., 

3d Dist.'[ 


are at home with their parents. The family of Mr. 
Blish is one of the wealthiest and most refined in the 
county. Although his parents were devout Methodists 
he has never joined any religious denomination, but at- 
tends the Presbyterian Church, of which his wife is an 
exemplary member. Being a prominent Republican, he 
has often been solicited to become a candidate for va- 
rious positions, but has invariably declined. He is vice- 
president of the First National Bank. 

IRAZELTON, REV. JOHN, of North Vernon, 
was born near Danville, Kentucky, May 26, 1822. 
i^h^ He has no recollection of his father, who died 
when Mr. Brazelton was about three years of age. 
His mother, whose maiden name was Elizabeth League, 
removed to Jefferson County, Indiana, about a year 
after her husband's death. Here she married Mr. 
Fitch, a gentleman much older than herself, who had a 
large family by a previous marriage. The boyhood of 
Mr. Brazelton was spent, until his thirteenth year, on 
a farm, attending school a few months during the fall 
and winter, and performing, while yet a child, a man's 
labor the remainder of the year. Mr. Fitch was a kind- 
step-father, but still the boy's life was far from being 
happy. When he was thirteen years old he bade a 
final adieu to home, attended school some months, 
and began teaching while yet but fifteen. He taught 
and attended school alternately for three years, com- 
]ileting his school course at the Spring Valley High 
School, in Graham Township, Jefferson County, Indi- 
ana, then conducted by a celebrated teacher, Mr. Ben- 
jamin Mayhew. At the age of eighteen he entered 
the law office of Hon. J. G. Marshall, of Madison, as 
a student, and after remaining three year.s was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1843. ^n '§45 lie accepted the 
nomination for member of the Legislature, but was 
defeated by a majority of thirteen. His failing health 
compelled him to relinquish his chosen profession, and 
removing to Kent, Jefferson County, he opened a 
store. \\\ 1848, still seeking to regain his health, he 
removed upon a farm, and for three or four years 
devoted his time to agriculture in the summer and to 
teaching during the winter. The taste for farming thus 
acquired he has never lost, and he still owns, and to 
some extent manages, his fai-m. In 1S52 he united 
with the Christian Church, and in the fall of the same 
year, at the urgent call of his denomination, he entered 
the home missionary field in Southern Indiana. In 
1854 he was, without an effort on his part, nominated 
for the Legislature from Jefferson County, and was 
elected without making a pledge or a speech during 
the entire canvass. In 1863 he removed to Columbus, 
where he was pastor of the Columbus Church for one 

year, and then went to Queensville, Jennings County, 
and purchased the farm which he now owns. For the 
following thirteen years he preached at Hartsville, 
although changing his residence, in 1872, to North 
Vernon. In 1877 he resigned this charge, and since 
that time has been preaching at Vernon, Mount Auburn, 
and North Vernon, and laboring as an evangelist. In 
politics Mr. Brazelton has been a Republican ever since 
the formation of that party in 1856. In 1868 he was 
nominated for the state Senate, but, declining lo stump 
the district, another was nominated in his stead and 
elected. He was married, September 7, 1841, to 
America Hyter, of Kent, Indiana, by whom he had 
seven daughters. All but one of these became the 
wives of well known and respected citizens of their na- 
tive state. Marietta married Marshall Grinstead, who 
died in January, 1877; Jennie married Doctor King, 
of North Vernon, and, later, T. J. ITouchen, a farmer of 
Illinois; the third daughter, Josephine, married James 
King, of North Vernon, a dairyman ; the fourth, 
Florence, married Charles Curtis, a farmer, of Jennings 
County; Fanny married R. Scott, a teacher; Annie 
married Ernest Tripp, a merchant, of North Vernon ; 
and Nettie is still living at her father's home. Mr. 
Brazelton's wife died in 1871, and he married his present 
wife, Mrs. Nannie (Miller) Frost, of Columbus, Feliruary 
•7> 1875. Mr. Brazelton has always been one of the 
leading men in his Church, and is regarded as one of 
the best speakers in Southern Indiana. With a strong, 
logical mind, and deeij -convictions, his earnest labors 
have been the means of great and lasting benefit to the 
cause of religion and humanity. He is still in the prime 
of life, and has undoubtedly many years of usefulness 
before him. 


^jtjRADLEY, AUGUSTUS, of New Albany, was 
'j[[j) born in Edgecomb (now Wilson) County, North 
C|^ Carolina, October 14, 1821, and came to New 
(i)^ Albany with his parents in 1830. Richard Brad- 
ley, his father, was at one time possessed of a good pat- 
rimony, and was one of the substantial farmers in the old 
North State, but by indorsing for friends he became 
insolvent, and, at the suggestion of his wife, removed 
with his family across the mountains to New Albany, 
with the hope of regaining his fortune in the free atmos- 
phere of Indiana. There he died in 1833. Augustus 
Bradley's mother. Obedience Bradley, then apprenticed 
her son to learn the printer's trade. After serving his 
apprenticeship, bv rigid economy he and his elder 
brother enabled their mother to maintain and educate 
her family. He remained in the printing-office six or 
seven years, employing all his spare time in study, 
hoping in this manner to prepare himself for practical 
business life. At about the age of nineteen he was ap- 



Isd Dht. 

pointed deputy postmaster at New Albany, by General 
Burnett — who was then postmaster of that city — and 
served in that capacity for about three years. Desiring 
to obtain a more thorough education, he resigned his 
position and entered Greencastle College, where he made 
very rapid progress. After spending about a year in 
college, he was nominated by the Democratic party for 
county auditor, to which office he was elected in 1845, 
at the age of twenty-three years. He was afterward 
re-elected, and served his constituents acceptably for 
nine and a half years. He did all the work of the office 
himself, and so perfectly was it done that he was never 
called upon to make a single explanation. On retiring 
from the auditor's office, Mr. Bradley entered upon the 
mercantile business, in some branch of which he has been 
engaged ever since. In 1861 he was again called into 
public life and elected state Senator, to fill the place 
made vacant by the resignation of Colonel D. C. An- 
thony. After serving the remainder of this term, Mr. 
Bradley was re-nominated and elected, receiving five 
hundred and nine votes more than any man on the state 
ticket. While a member of the Senate he showed him- 
self possessed of excellent legislative ability. One of 
the important measures in which he was interested 
was the erection of an asylum for the incurable insane, 
for which he succeeded in getting an appropriation of 
thirty-five thousand dollars. The new building, now 
nearly completed, is of equal capacity with the old one, 
near wliich it stands. Mr. Bradley was strongly in favor 
of meeting the public debt of Indiana as it became due, 
and accordingly introduced a bill for that purpose, the 
main features of which were adopted and made the 
law under which the state debt was settled in 1866. He 
was also urgent in behalf of many important measures, 
representing Floyd County as ably as it has ever been 
represented by any one. He was a war Democrat, be- 
lieving that much wrong had been done to the South, 
but that such wrongs did not justify a war upon the old 
flag. About the expiration of his term as state Senator, 
he was appointed by Governor Baker a commissioner 
on the part of the state to examine the accounts of the 
Fund Commissioners of Indiana, but declined. In 1872 
he was a delegate from Indiana to the National 
Democratic Convention, at Baltimore, which nominated 
Horace Greeley for the presidency. He has filled 
many places of trust, always discharging his duties in 
the most acceptable manner. His character as a private 
citizen and a public officer has never been assailed. Mr. 
Bradley served the people of his ward thirteen consecu- 
tive years in the New Albany city council, and had 
much to do with the city's interest and prosperity. 
During all this time he watched carefully the interests 
of the tax-payers, doing all in his power to place the 
city on a good financial basis. In 1869 Mr. Bradley was 
elected to the presidency of the Louisville, New Albany 

and St. Louis Air-line Railroad Company. This was 
thought to be an enterprise that would be of great ben- 
efit to New Albany, and therefore required competent 
and trusty men. He entered upon the discharge of his 
duties in this important position with that earnestness 
and determination to succeed which have characterized 
his whole life. He procured a subscription of one mill- 
ion seven hundred thousand dollars, which he expended 
on the line, fitting almost the entire road for the cross- 
ties, and making nine tunnels, one of which is three- 
fourths of a mile through solid rock. Some thirty miles 
of this road are completely equipped and in operation; 
and had it not been for the panic of 1873, which drove 
all great enterprises, both public and private, to the 
wall, the Air-line Road would have been entirely com- 
pleted, and one of the best paying in this country, be- 
sides being of gi-eat national importance. Mr. Bradley 
took the presidency of the road without a dollar, and 
succeeded in grading, bridging, trestling, and almost 
finishing the greater part of it. He severed his connec- 
tion with the road as president in 1875, but his ambition 
still is to see the line completed. For twenty-five years 
past Mr. Bradley has been secretary and treasurer of the 
New Albany and Vincennes turnpike, an evidence of the 
confidence placed by the directors in his ability and in- 
tegrity. He has always been an unflinching Democrat, 
fighting gallantly for his convictions. In 1846, while 
yet in the auditor's office, he and Mr. Oliver Lucas pur- 
chased the Western Union Democrat, of New Albany, 
which they conducted very successfully, making it a 
sterling Democratic paper. This was afterwards sold to 
John B. Norman. It became the New Albany Ledger, 
and later the Ledger-Standard, which is to-day the most 
substantial and the leading Democratic paper in the 
state. Mr. Bradley's early training made such lasting 
impressions on his mind that, although not a professed 
politician, his ardor for the success of his party has 
never abated, and he is ever ready to give his influence 
and make personal sacrifices for principle. While he has 
never pretended to be a public spealcer, he makes a 
good, logical speech, and writes with great ease and 
fluency on most subjects. Mr. Bradley is a Methodist, 
and has been an active worker in the interest of the 
Church ever since his connection with it. For many 
years he has been a teacher in one of the classes 
of the Centenary Sabbath-school, and never fails to 
be at his post, giving the Sabbath mornings to the 
youth and children of the Church. Some time since, in 
i-eviewing with a friend the past, he remarked: "If 
there is one feature in the history of my life to which I 
can turn with pleasure, it is to my connection with the 
Sabbath-school." Having been taught in his youth the 
principles of truth so necessary to real manhood, he has 
ever met friends ready to stand by him. In business and 
social relations he has always been straightforward and 

3d Disi.] 


upright, his word being regarded as good as a wrilten 
contract. Hon. M. C. Kerr, speaker of the House of 
Representatives, in a letter to a friend, said of Mr. 
Bradley: "He is one of the best of men, and a citizen 
of high personal, social, and Christian character, worthy 
of the respect and confidence of all. I have known him 
well over twenty years, in most of the relations of life 
and business, and I can safely say he has to this day 
maintained a character without blemish.'' At the age of 
twenty-five Mr. Bradley married Miss Sarah A. Leyden, 
daughter of Patrick and Mary Leyden. Mrs. Bradley is 
a most estimalde lady, an honored member of society, a 
devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and a leader in almost every enterprise to alleviate the 
sufferings of the human race. She is the honored presi- 
dent of the New Albany Orphans' Home, and a zealous, 
energetic, and successful worker in whatever she under- 
takes. Her influence has been greatly felt in the tem- 
perance movement, working hand in hand with her hus- 
band, whose efforts have been united with hers in every 
undertaking. They have lived in New Albai.y nearly all 
their lives, and have few, if any, enemies. Though 
long since having earned the right to withdraw from 
active business life, Mr. Bradley still believes in putting 
his shoulder to the wheel, and is now as full of life and 
business energy as in his younger days. He is at pres- 
ent engaged in conducting a flour-mill, in connection 
with his brother-in-law, Mr. Isaac P. Leyden. They 
aKo do a large trade in general produce, and the firm 
is widely and favorably known throughout Southern 

IROWN, CAPTAIN ALLEN W., treasurer of Jen- 
nings County, Vernon, Indiana, was born in Jen- 
nings County, Indiana, November 27, 1827, and 
was the eldest son of John M. and Jane (McGill) 
Brown. His grandfather Brown served both in the 
Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. His uncle, 
John McGill, was in the War of 1812, and his grand- 
father McGill spent seven years in the Revolutionary 
army. Captain Brown was brought up on his father's 
farm, and employed his time in agricultural labor and 
assisting his father in his saw-mill until he was twenty- 
one years of age, in this time having been only a part 
of three months at school. He has, however, since ob- 
tained a good English education. When a good-sized 
boy, he worked for some time at twelve and one-half 
cents per day. In 1848 he built a saw-mill, which he 
operated one year. He then sold it, and, after spending 
some time in the South, worked in the ship-yards at 
Madison. In 1850 he returned to Jennings County, re- 
purchased his mill, and carried it on for about four 
years. He also built a flour-mill at Scipio, in which he 
had a one-third interest, which he conducted for a year 

or two. He then sold his mill property, and for a short 
time was in no regular business. In 1856 he purchased 
another saw-mill, and operated it until August, 1862, 
when he sold out and enlisted as a private in Company 
B, 82d Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He was soon after 
commissioned second lieutenant, and then rose to the 
rank of captain. He was with his regiment during all 
its important actions, from the battle of Chattanooga to 
that of Atlanta, except the battle of Murfreesboro, when 
he was on sick leave in Indiana. Owing to ill-health he 
resigned in November, 1864, and returned home. He 
soon after purchased an interest in a store at Scipio, 
which he carried (m two years ; then, selling out, he 
returned to his farm, which he has since continued to 
manage. He was elected treasurer of Jennings County 
in 1876, and re-elected in 1878. In politics he is an 
earnest Republican, and has been an energetic worker, 
contributing much to the success of his party. He is a 
member of the Baptist Church. In July, 1853, he mar- 
ried Miss Euphemia Wilkins, daughter of a farmer of 
Jennings County. They have four children living, 
three sons and one daughter. Captain Brown is a 
genial and social gentleman, and is esteemed by all who 
know him. 

JpROWN, JASON B., was born February 26, 1839, 
TffJ) in Dearborn County, Indiana. His father, Robert 
^Tpn D. Brown, a lawyer of ability, and at one time 
vi J state librarian, is still living; his mother, Mary 
(Hubbard) Brown, died when he was but nine months 
old. Both were devout Methodists. The subject of 
this sketch obtained the rudiments of his education at 
Wilmington, and, upon leaving school in 1S57, spent 
one year in a dry-goods store at Maysville, Kentucky, 
and then went to Indianapolis, where he entered as a 
student the olTice of Hon. Cyrus L. Dunham, at that 
time Secretary of Stale. He was admitted to the bar in 
February, 1S60, and immediately engaged in the prac- 
tice of his profession at Brownstown, Jackson County, 
Indiana. March 5, 1866, on motion of Hon. Jeremiah 
S. Black, of Pennsylvania, he was admitted to practice 
in the Supreme Court of the United States. In 1862 he 
was elected to the Legislature, and was re-elected in 
1864. In 1868 he was one of the Democratic electors 
for the state at large. In 1870 he represented his dis- 
trict in the state Senate. On the 26th of March, 1873, 
he was appointed secretary of the territory of Wyoming, 
which position he held until his resignation. May I, 
1875. During that time he was elected to assist in the 
prosecution of Peter P. Wintermute, at Yankton, Dakota 
Territory, for the murder of General Edwin S. McCook; 
and, for the masterly argument made in behalf of the 
people in this celebrated case, Mr. Brown received the 
encomiums of the entire legal fraternity, of the press, and 



{3d Dist. 

of the people. From that time he was acknowledged 
as one of the leading members of the bar in the West. 
On his return from Wyoming, Mr. Brown settled in 
Seymour, Indiana, in the year 1875, and married Anna 
E. Shiel. In 1862 he became known in Indiana poli- 
tics, and to-day is a prominent member of the Demo- 
cratic party of the state, and is widely known else- 
where. During the campaign in Ohio between Brough 
and Vallandigham he stumped that state in the interest 
of the Democratic party, but was not a supporter of 
Horace Greeley for the presidency, as he considered 
this nomination Inconsistent with his views as a Demo- 
crat. Mr. Brown is well known all over the country, 
and as one of the leading members of the Indiana bar 
is constantly engaged on important cases. He is much 
esteemed by those who know him. 

||URRELL, BARTHOLOMEW H., attorney, of 
Brownstown, was born in Jackson County, Indi-' 
ana, March 13, 1841, and is the second son of 
John H. and Mary (Findley) Burrell. His father, 
a well-known and highly respected farmer, has been for 
years commissioner of Jackson County. He was a sol- 
dier in the Black Hawk War, and also captain of Com- 
pany G, Fifth Indiana Regiment, in the late Civil War. 
The subject of this sketch remained on the farm till he 
was twenty-one years of age, when he entered the State 
University of Bloomington, Indiana, having borrowed the 
money to carry him through a collegiate course, which he 
promptly repaid from his first earnings after graduation. 
He graduated in the scientific department in 1864, and 
in the same year was drafted into the army. He furnished 
a substitute, however, and then taught school, employing 
his leisure time in the study of law with Judge P^-ank 
Emerson. Having thus paved the way for the comple- 
tion of his studies, he returned to the State University, 
where he graduated from the law department in 1866. 
Upon admission to the bar, he commenced practice in 
partnership with Judge Emerson. This partnership was 
dissolved in 1868, but was renewed in 1873, under the 
firm name of Burrell & Emerson, and still continues. 
In 1875 Mr. Burrell was elected one of the town trus- 
tees for the town of Brownstown, and, in 1876, state 
Senator for four years. In the Senate he at once assumed 
a prominent position, being appointed chairman of the 
Committee on Claims, also of that on Congressional 
Apportionment, and a member of the Committees on 
Elections and Judiciary. He has been an active mem- 
ber of the Democratic party from his youth, and is now 
chairman of the County Central Committee. He has 
been many times a delegate to the state conventions ; 
and by reason of his ability and energy has come to be 
regarded as one of the leaders of the Democracy, and 

the rising man of his party in the county. Mr. Burrell 
is an active and useful member of the Presbyterian 
Church. He was married, in October, 1864, to Maggie 
F. Throop, of Bloomington, Indiana, by whom he has 
had three children, but only one daughter is now living. 
In social life, Mr. Burrell is noted for his courteous and 
agreeable manners, and is regarded as a man of strong 
character and marked individuality. As a politician he 
is a model organizer and a natural leader among his 
fellows ; and as a lawyer he is a man of ability and 


UTLER, JOHN H., of New Albany, is a native 
of Williamsport, Pennsylvania, where he was born, 
October 17, 1812. His father, Jonathan Butler, 
removed with his family to Indiana, and settled 
in Hanover, Jefferson County, in the year 1819. His 
mother, Nancy (Hopkins) Butler, was a daughter of 
John Hopkins, whose family were among the early set- 
tlers of the state of Maryland. John H. Butler was ed- 
ucated in the schools of his native village, and later at 
Hanover, Indiana, where he received a college training. 
He commenced the study of law at Hanover, in the 
office of Judge Eggleston, then the most prominent law- 
yer of that county, and Judge of the Circuit Court. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1839, and removed to 
Salem, the county seat of Washington County, where 
he opened an office and commenced the practice of his 
profession. Here he met with success from the begin- 
ning, and was soon known as a rising young lawyer. 
For nearly thirty years he pursued his professional career 
in the same place, achieving a brilliant reputation, and be- 
coming known not only in his county but throughout the 
state. In 1866 he removed to New Albany, and formed 
a partnership with W. Gresham, now United States Dis- 
trict Judge. In 1868 he was appointed, by Governor 
Baker, Judge of the Twenty-seventh Judicial District of 
Indiana. He was a delegate to represent his district in 
the Republican convention at Chicago which nominated 
Abraham Lincoln for the presidency, in i860. He has 
always been a Republican, but never a professional poli- 
tician. On the 3d of January, 1843, he married Miss 
Mary Chase, daughter of Isaac and Ruth Chase, of Sa- 
lem. They have a family of two sons. The elder. No- 
ble C, studied law with his father, was admitted to the 
bar in 1867, and the following year was appointed regis- 
ter in bankruiilcy, which position he still holds. The 
other son, Charles IL, is a bank teller. Mrs. Butler is 
a member of the Presbyterian Church, of which her 
husband is an occasional attendant. Now, in his sixty- 
seventh year, the cares of life have left their marks 
upon his brow. But his silvery hairs have never been 
whitened by dishonor, and his life has been such as to 
commend him to the esteem <jf his fellow-men. 

j.(/ Dist.] 


/.j^uARESS, JAMES M., county superintendent of 
[-•jlf schools, of Salem, was born in Washington County, 
January 3, 1848, and is the sixth son of Peter and 
Rachel (Worrall) Caress. His father was a far- 
mer, who died when James M. Caress was but a small 
child. The Worralls were very prominent in the Pres- 
byterian Church, one of them being at present pastor of 
the Eighth Presbyterjan Church of Chicago. Mr. Caress 
remained on the farm until he was twenty, attending the 
common schools during the winter. He then attended 
May's High School, at Salem, and during the winters 
of several following years taught school, working on the 
farm in summer. He devoted every moment of his spare 
time to his books, and by hard study acquired a fine En- 
glish education. In 1874 he entered the State University 
at Bloomington, and graduated from the law department 
in 1875. In the fall of that year he was elected county 
superintendent of schools, and still occupies the same 
position, to the entire satisfaction of the people. He 
married, November 11, 1874, Miss Laura Newland, 
daughter of Doctor B. Newland, of Bedford, by whom 
he has two children. Mr. Caress is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. In political matters he is one of 
the active workers of the Democratic party, doing every 
thing in his power to increase their large majority in 
Washington County. He is highly respected and es- 
teemed by all classes of citizens, and has filled the im- 
portant trust to which the people have elected him in 
an honest, impartial manner. He is widely and favora- 
bly known as a thorough gentleman. 

tANNON, GREENBERRY C, retired merchant, of 
New Albany, was born at Georgetown, Kentucky, 
October 28, 1S20. He is the son of John and Lu- 
^^^ rena Cannon, his mother's family being among the 
early settlers of Maryland. His parents removed to 
Bloomington, Indiana, when he was still a child, but 
afterward returned to Kentucky, residing at Shelbyville, 
and again at Georgetown, where they remained until 
their son reached his twenty-first year. In 1840 Mr. 
Cannon came to New Albany and engaged in the whole- 
sale fancy dry-goods trade. Here he has since contin- 
ued to reside and do business, with the exception of 
about two years at Heltonville, Indiana. He has been 
eminently successful in all his undertakings. In 1852, 
after eleven years of business life in New Albany, his 
stock in trade was probably the largest and finest, in his 
line, of any in Southern Indiana. In 1875 he retired 
from active business, having accumulated a handsome 
fortune. During his long residence in New Albany, 
brought into the most intimate social and business rela- 
tions with his fellow-citizens, he won for himself a high 
j>lace in their esteem, and has contributed in no small 

A— 9 

degree to the prosperity of the place, being always 
ready to engage* in any enterprise for its good. His do- 
mestic relations have always been of the pleasantest na- 
ture. He married, in 1851, Miss Mary Elizabeth Austin, 
of New Albany. They have had seven children, of whom 
five are still living. Although a believer in Christianity, 
he is not a member of any Church. His wife has been 
a Methodist from childhood, her father having been one 
of the founders of the Centenary Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Mr. Cannon is a member of the Masons. In 
politics he takes no active part, buf is one of those men 
who believe in Democracy, and is a constant worker for 
his party. In 1868 he was chosen by the voters of his 
ward to represent them in the city council, filling that of- 
fice for two terms. Mr. Cannon was one of the founders 
of the Merchants' and Mechanics' Bank, and a director 
in it during its existence. He was also a director in the 
New Albany Insurance Company. For the last four 
years he has been a director in the New Albany Banking 
Company, and has held the same office in the Water- 
works Company since its organization. The Air-line 
Railroad found a most earnest advocate in him. He was 
elected by the directors of the road president of the 
company, an office he filled for some time, now holding 
that of vice-president. He was also one of the projectors 
of the Music Hall, in which he has been a director for 
fifteen years past. He has filled all these positions with 
the utmost satisfaction to the people ; and now, sur- 
rounded by a happy family, and by all that makes life 
pleasant, he enjoys the legitimate fruits of a well-spent 

OLE, C. B., of Seymour, superintendent of the Cin- 
cinnati and Vincennes Division of the Ohio and 
Mississippi Railroad, was born July 17, 1833, in 
Caledonia County, Vermont, and is a son of Ziba 
and Rebecca (Ford) Cole. He acquired the rudiments 
of an English education at the common schools of his 
native county, and assisted his father on the farm until 
he reached the age of nineteen years, when he left his 
parents and started out in the world for himself. Upon 
leaving home he went to the northern part of New 
Hampshire, and engaged to drive an ox team during 
the construction of the Grand Trunk Railroad from 
Portland to Montreal. Upon the completion of this 
road he worked for the Northern New Hampshire Rail- 
road on repairs. In 1858 he came West, settled at Sey- 
mour, Indiana, and, beginning work on the Ohio and 
Mississippi Railroad as a bridge carpenter, was pro- 
moted to the position of roadmaster, and appointed 
conductor of freight and passenger trains. He con- 
tinued working for that company ten years, and was 
then employed by the Union Pacific, running a passen- 
ger train from Rawley's Springs to Wahsatch, on that 



\3'l ^"i: 

line. After ciglit iiumtlis un this roatl, he was enijaged 
. by the Vandalia line as yardmaster and freight con- 
ductor, and remained one year. We next find Inm in 
the employment of the Missouri Pacihc Road, as freight 
conductor, whicli position he held for one year and a 
half. He then resigned and returned to Seymour, In- 
diana, in 1872, and was appointed train-master of the 
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad. Soon after, he was 
mad§ superintendent of the two divisions of this road 
between Cincinnati and Vincennes, Indiana, which ])osi- 
tion he now holds. Me has been twice married; fust, 
in 1855, to Lydia Brooks, of Lebanon, New Hampshiie. 
They had one child, a daughter, who lived to the age 
of nineteen. In 1862 he married Fannie Yeatman, of 
Lawrenceburg, Indiana, to whom two children have 
been born, only one ol them now living. Mr. Cole 
commenced life with no means and comparatively little 
education, and has worked his way to the prominent 
position he now holds by his own energy and industry. 
He is regarded by railroad men as an efficient and en- 
ergetic officer, and is highly respected by his eni])loyeis 
all along the line. He has been identified with the in- 
terests of .Seymour, where he now resides, and has done 
much towards advancing the interests of the city. 

|-ROWE, COLONEL SAMUEL S., attorney, Scotts- 
|li burg, Scott County, Indiana, was born at Shelby- 
jq) ville, Kentucky, July 23, 1819, being the oldest son 
v^ of John F. and Esther (Alexander) Ciowe. Mr. 
Crowe was a Presbyterian minister, and his father was a 
colonel in the Revolutionary War. John F. Crowe 
moved to Indiana in 1823, and .soon after established 
the college at Hanover, remaining with it until his death, 
which occurred in January, i860. He was a very promi- 
nent school man, and did much to further the educa- 
tional interests of the state. The Colonel attended col- 
lege at Hanover, and graduated there Octolier, 1839, 
and for the next eleven years taught school ; the first plate 
being at Carlisle, Sullivan County, where he had charge 
of the high school for two years. He then was the 
teacher of the high school at New Washington, Clarke 
County, for two years, and afterwards gave instruction 
in the high school at Hanover, in connection with his 
father. During this time the college was removed from 
Hanover to Madison, and on its return to Hanover he 
left the school, going to Madison and studying law 
with the Hon. Wilberforcc Lyle. He was with him 
about one year. He then moved to Lexington, .Scott 
County, and had charge of the seminary, and also pur- 
sued the study of law with Hon. George A. Bicknell. 
In the spring of 1858 he became clerk in the land office 
at Washington, District of Coluniliia, and in 1S59 was 
ippointed chief clerk of Ward I!. IJurnctt, surveyor- 

general of Nebraska and Kansas, where he spent over,, 
one year in the city of Nebraska. He continued read- 
ing until i860, when he was admitted to the bar, and 
immediately began the jiractice of his profession with 
Judge r. H. Jcwett, which he continued until August, 
1S62, when he raised a company for the war, and was 
ciHiinussioned captain of Coni]>any B, of the 93d Indi- 
ana Vohinleer Infantry. He was picket ofiicer for the 
Ijngadc on the slafl" of General Ralph Buckland, which 
he held for one year, when he was apjiointed major, 
and afterwards lieutenant-colonel. He was in active 
.service all of the time, and was always to be found at 
the front. In that position he was during the siege of 
Vicksburg, and was there also in the battle of Jackson, 
Mississippi. During the latter part of the war he was 
provost guard of Memphis, and was also in the batiks 
of Nashville and of Gainesville, Alabama, at the close 
of the war, being mustered out of the service, August 
10, 1865. After his return home he resumed the prac- 
tice of law in Lexington, but in 1874 moved to Scotts- 
burg, where he now resides. In 1857 he was elected to 
the Legislature, and again in 1867. In politics he is a 
Democrat, and is one of the leaders of the party in the 
county. He attends the Presbyterian Church. He was 
married to his first wife, Mary B. Fonts, April, 1840, 
by whom he has two children, one boy and one girl. The 
son, John F., is an attorney in Giddings, Texas. The 
daughter, Susan E. A. Griffith, lives at Jeffersonville, 
Indiana. He married his present wife, Amanda N. 
Warnell, February, 1849, by whom he has four sons and 
one daughter. His second son, .Samuel S., is farming 
in Texas; Mary C. married Clarence L. Fouts, who is 
an architect m San Francisco, California; William C, 
Thomas O., and George A. are all at home. The 
Colonel is a genial gentleman of the old school, and has 
the respect of the entire community. 

JIjlAVISON, ALEXANDER A., merchant, of Sey- 
nlfjl mour, Indiana, was born at Dupont's Powder 
'^^ Mills, near Wilmington, Delaware, June 28, 1836, 
^- and is the oldest child of Ezekiel and Catherine 
(McF'all) Davison. His father was a farmer, who, in 
the sjiring of 1844, removed to Jackson County, Indi- 
ana ; there Alexander Davison attended the county and 
district schools in winter, and worked on the farm in 
summer, until he attained his majority. In 1S56 he 
was employed for a short time as clerk in a store, and 
in 1857-58, attended the State University at Blooming- 
ton, Indiana. He then returned to the farm in Jen- 
nings County, Indiana, where his father had removed 
in 1854. In the spring of i860 he became clerk in a 
general store in Seymour, holding the position until the 
summer of 1861. In this year his father died, and he 



returned to the farm; but, at tlie end of twelve months, 
he resumed work in the same store in Seymour. In the 
fall of 1863 he was nominated by the Democracy as 
clerk of Jennings County. He made a canvass of the 
county, but was defeated, and again went to the home 
farm. In the fall of 1864 he entered, for the third 
time, the store in Seymour and remained until 1868, 
During this period he held the offices of clerk, council- 
man, and mayor of the city of Seymour. In the fall of 
1868 he was elected treasurer of Jackson County, and, 
being re-elected in 1870, served the county four years. 
In 1873 he purchased an interest in a hardware store in 
Seymour, Indiana, and is now conducting the business 
under the firm name of Davison & Kessler. In 1872, 
while serving as treasurer of the county, he became sole 
proprietor and editor of the Seymour weekly Deiiiotivt, 
continuing to publish the paper until 1875, when he 
was elected to the Legislature to represent Jackson 
County. He was defeated in the convention for a re- 
nomination on account of his hard-money views. In 
politics he is a stanch Democrat, leading the party in 
many of its campaigns, ably editing its journal, and 
serving as chairman of the county central committee. 
He was reared a Presbyterian, but belongs to no Church. 
He married Louisa C. Wilkerson, daughter of a mer- 
chant of Scipio, Jennings County, Indiana. Three 
daughters have been born to them, two of whom died 
of scarlet fever in the fall of 1878. Mr. Davison has 
acquired an ample fortune by his own industry and 
energy ; he has done much to advance the interests of 
.Seymour, and is highly respected by his fellow-citizens. 

jp AVIS, JOHN STEELE, of New Al!>any, was born 
Hjjjl in Dayton, Ohio, November 14, 1814. His father, 
^T| John Davis, was a merchant, and for many years 
?fe^ magistrate of the county in which he resided. He 
was one of the few strictly temperate men of his time. 
He married Elizabeth Calcier, daughter of a farmer near 
Princeton, New Jer.sey. They had six sons and five 
daughters, most of whom grew to maturity. Emigrat- 
ing westward, he settled in Montgomery County, Ohio. 
He took an active part with General Wayne in the 
Indian War, afler the defeat of General .St. Clair. He 
died aged sixty-six yeats. Judge Davis's grandfather, 
Captain Joseph Davis, emigrated from Wales, and set- 
tled near Princeton, New Jersey. He participated in 
the struggle for independence, and was with General 
Washington at the battles of Monmouth and Princeton, 
at the latter of which he lost a leg. John Steele Davis, 
the subject of this sketch, early gave his attention to 
study, and entered Miami University at the age of six- 
teen. A short time afterwards his father failed in busi- 
ness, which ncccssilalod his return lionie. IIo was now 

thrown upon his own resources for acquiring an educa 
lion, and was obliged to assist in the support of his 
father and family. He afterward read law with W. J. 
Thomas, of Troy, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar. 
He immediately came to Indiana, settled in New Albany, 
Floyd County, in the year 1836, where shortly after his 
arrival he commenced the practice of law. As a coun- 
selor and jurist few men can claim a higher record ; he 
has been constantly engaged in the profession for a 
period of forty- two years, and has never prosecuted 
a man, nor allowed himself to be engaged to prosecute. 
He has probably defended more men for high crimes 
and misdemeanors than any other man in the state, 
and has been almost invariably successful. He was the 
first city clerk of New Albany, having been elected in 
1839, and was chosen city attorney in 1846. In 1841 he 
was elected to the state Legislature for the first time, 
and has since served his county repeatedly in both 
branches — about twenty years in all. He was elected, 
without opposition, in 1876, Judge of the Criminal and 
Civil Courts of Floyd and Clarke Counties, an office he 
did not seek, and only accepted at the earnest solicitation 
of friends. Judge Davis was an ardent Whig until that 
party ceased to exist. He was violently opposed to 
" Know-Nothingism," and for a long time stood aloof 
from parties, but finally united with the Democracy. 
In 1843 he was the Whig candidate for Congress against 
Thomas J. Henley, Democrat, and, in a district over- 
whelmingly Democratic, was defeated by only thirty- 
seven votes. He was presidential elector for General 
Taylor; and in 1852 was a member of the National 
Convention thai nominated General Scott for Presi- 
dent. In i860 Judge Davis was Independent candi- 
date for Congress against James A. Cravens, Democratic 
nominee; and, although at the previous election the 
Democrats had a majority of four thousand five hun- 
dred. Judge Davis was defeated by a very small major- 
ity. He was a warm supporter of the war for the 
Union, and had two sons in the army. The younger, 
John ,S. Davis, junior, rose to the rank of captain and 
assistant quartermaster by appointment of President 
Lincoln ; he was with General Burnside in the Cumber- 
land Mountains in the severe campaign of 1863-64, 
and died of disease contracted at that time. The other 
son, William P. Davis, rose to the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel in the 23d Indiana Volunteers; he took part in 
all the well-earned victories of Shiloh, Vicksburg, and 
the campaign in Georgia. Judge Davis has been twice 
married, first to Elizabeth Stone, a native of Virginia, 
by whom he had four sons and two daughters. Mrs. 
Davis died in 1852, and Judge Davis afterward married 
Annie S., daughter of George Davis, of Dayton, Ohio, 
by whom he has one son. He is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd-fellows and of the Episcopal 


isU Dht. 

^AVIS, WILLIAM P., of New Albany, was born in 
3j|| Troy, Ohio, January 24, 1835, and is the son of 
S? John S. and Elizabeth (Stone) Davis. His father 
^^ is at present Judge of the Circuit Court of the 
Twenty-seventh District. When William Davis was one 
year old the family moved to Indiana. He was edu- 
cated in the city of New Albany, and for a short time 
attended Wabash College. At the age of twenty-one 
he engaged in the manufacture of hydraulic cement, at the 
Falls of the Ohio, and of woolen goods for the Southern 
market, at the Indiana state-prison. Believing, in the 
fall of 1S60, that civil war was imminent, and his business 
relations being entirely with the South, he thought best 
to sell his factories. A short time afterward the war 
broke out. He raised a company for the three years' 
service, and just before being mustered in was appointed, 
by President Lincoln, agent for the Seminole Indians. 
He declined the appointment, however, and was mus- 
tered in with his company as captain, in the 23d Indi- 
ana Volunteers, but before leaving camp at New Albany 
he was commissioned major of the regiment. He com- 
manded the 23d during two of its three years' service, 
and with it participated prominently in all the battles 
around Vicksburg, occupying,, in the forty-seven days' 
siege of that place. Fort Hill, the most important posi- 
tion in the line. He was also in the campaign in 
Georgia; and was mustered out of the service at At- 
lanta, having served already beyond the term of his en- 
listment. Just previous to his discharge he received a 
flattering written testimonial of his services and those 
of the regiment, signed by Generals McPherson, Logan, 
Blair, and Gresham. He was appointed by President 
Johnson assessor of internal revenue for the district in 
which he resides. For three years he was president of 
the board of education of the city of New Albany, was 
deputy auditor of Floyd County four years, and is now 
trustee of New Albany Township. He married, in Oc- 
tober, 1857, Lucy M. Hale, daughter of Wicome and 
Catherine A. (Moore) Hale. The Hale family were 
among the first settlers of Maine and Massachusetts. 
Colonel Davis belongs to the Masonic Fraternity, and is 
one of the Knights of Honor. His family are all mem- 
bers of the Episcopal Church. 

■ll/ill Albany, was born at Salem, Washington County, 
(m Indiana, on the 4th of January, 1822. As the name 
^i"" indicates, Mr. DePauw is a descendant from a 
noble French family; his great-grandfather, Cornelius, 
having been private reader to Frederick II of Prussia, 
and author of several works of note. Charles DePauw, 
the giandfalher of W. C. DePauw, was born at the city 
of Ghent, in Ficiuh Flanders. Wlien he arrived at a 

proper age he was sent to Paris to complete his educa- 
tion, and there became acquainted with Lafayette. At 
that time the struggle for American independence was 
just beginning. He became infatuated with the Ameri- 
can cause, joined his fortunes to those of Lafayette, and 
sailed with that renowned commander to this country. 
He served throughout the war, and by the close be- 
came so thoroughly imbued with a love for America 
that he sought a wife in Virginia; thence he removed 
W'ith the first tiile of emigration to the blue-grass regions 
of Kentucky. In that state General John DePauw, the 
father of W. C. DePauw, was born. On arriving at 
man's estate he moved from Kentucky to Washington 
County, Indiana. As agent for the county he surveyed, 
platted, and sold the lots in Salem, and purchased four 
acres of the high ground on the west side, upon which 
the family mansion was erected. He was by profession 
an attorney-at-law, and became a judge. He was also a 
general of militia. No man in his day enjoyed more of 
the confidence and good-will of his fellow-men than 
General John DePauw. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Elizabeth Batist (the mother of W. C. DePauw), 
was a woman of superior mind and a strong and vigorous 
constitution. She died in 1878, at the advanced age of 
ninety-two years. At the age of sixteen Mr. DePauw 
was thrown ujion his own resources by the death of his 
father. He had only the meager education which that 
period and the surrounding circumstances would allow 
his parents to give; but, though young, he desired to 
be independent of friends and relatives, and accordingly 
set to work. He worked for two dollars a week, and 
when that was wanting he worked for nothing rather 
than be idle. That energy aiid industry allied with 
character and ability bring friends proved true in his 
case. Major Eli W. Malott, the leading merchant of 
Salem, became interested in the young man. At the 
age of nineteen he entered the olTice of the county 
clerk, and by his energy and faithfulness he gained con- 
fidence and soon had virtual contiol of the office. 
When he attained his majority he was elected clerk 
of Washington County without opposition; to this 
office was joined, by the action of the state Legislature, 
that of auditor. Mr. DePauw filled both of these 
positions until close application and the consequent severe 
mental strain impaired his health ; after several prostra- 
tions and thiough fear of apoplexy, he acted on the ad- 
vice of his physicians and gave up his sedentary pursuits. 
His extraordinary memory, quick but accurate judgment, 
and clear mental faculties fitted him for a successful 
life. His early business career was like his political 
one; he was true and faithful, and constantly gained 
friends. His first investment was in a saw and grist 
mill, and this proving successful he added mill after 
mill. With this "business he combined farming, mer- 
chandising, and banking, at the same time investing 

W C DeP^UW. 

3d Dist.\ 


largely in the grain trade. It is hardly necessary to 
state that he was fortunate in each investment, and his 
means rapidly increased until, at the breaking out of the 
war, he had a large mercantile interest and a well es- 
tablished bank. He was at the same time one of the 
largest grain dealers in the state of Indiana, and his 
knowledge of this trade and his command of means ren- 
dered him able to materially assist in furnishing 
the government with supplies. His patriotism and 
confidence in the success of the Union armies were such 
that he also invested a large amount in government 
securities. Here again lie was successful, and at the 
close of the war had materially augmented his already 
large fortune., Mr. DePauw has used his wealth freely 
to encourage manufactures and to build up the city of 
New Albany; he has made many improvements, and is 
largely interested in the rolling mills and iron foundries 
in that city. He is now ])roprietor of DePauw's Ameri- 
can Plate-glass Works. This is a new and valuable in- 
dustry, and the interests of our country require that it 
should be carried to success; it is a matter of national 
concern that American glass should surpass in quality 
and take the place of the P'rench article in the markets 
of the world. Mr. DePauw is now doing all in liis 
power to promote this great end, and at present every 
thing [Joints to the success of the undertaking. He has 
about two millions of dollars invested in manufacturing 
enterprises in the city of New Albany. Mr. DePauw 
has taken but a small part in slate affairs for many 
years, having devoted his time to his business and home 
interests, to the advancement of education and religion. 
He has been often forced to decline positions which his 
party were ready to give him, and in 1872 he was as- 
sured by many prominent Democrats that the nomina- 
tion for Governor was at his disposal. In the convention 
he was nominated for Lieutenant-governor. In order 
to show the purposes and character of the man, let us 
quote a few words from his letter declining the nomina- 
tion: "My early business life was spent in an intensely 
earnest struggle for success as a manufacturer, grain 
dealer, and banker. Since then I have found full work 
in endeavoring to assist in promoting the religious, 
benevolent, and educational interests of Indiana, and in 
helping to extend those advant.iges to the South and 
West. Hence I have neillier the time nor inclination 
for politics. In these chosen fields of labor I find con- 
genial spirits, whom I love and understand. My long 
experience gives me hope that I may accomplish some- 
thing, jierhaps much, for religion and humanity." These 
are noble words, and a true index of Mr. DePauw's 
character. He has expended thousands of dollars in 
Iniilding churches and endowing benevolent institutions 
throughout this and the neighboring states; he has as- 
sisted many worthy young men to obtain an education, 
and has founded and kept in operation DePauw College, 

a seminary of a high order for young ladies, at New Al- 
bany. Mr. DePauw was for years a trustee of the State 
University at Bloomington, Indiana, and is at present a 
trustee of the Indiana Asbury University, the leading 
Methodist college of the West. He is a member of the 
Methodist Church, and has served as a delegate of the 
Indiana Conference at the General Conferences of that 
Church in 1S72 and 1876. He is a member of the Ma- 
sonic and Odd-fellows' Orders, and is beloved and re- 
spected by both. The part of his life most satisfactory 
to himself is that spent in his work for Christ in the 
Church, in the Sunday-school, in the prayer-meeting, 
and in the every-day walks of life. He has been through- 
out life a thorough business man, full of honesty and in- 
tegrity. He sought a fortune within himself and found 
it in an earnest will and vast industry. He is eminently 
a self-made man, and stands out prominent to-day as 
one who, amid the cares of business, has ever preserved 
his reputation for honesty, integrity, and morality; who 
has never neglected the cause of religion, but has val- 
ued it, and still values it, above all others. 

tillOUGLA.SS, JUDGE BENJAMIN P., altorney-at- 
|rrlj law, Corydon, Harrison County, was born at New- 
market, Shenandoah County, Virginia, July 22, 
1820. He is the son of Adam and Nancy (Penny- 
backer) Douglass. His ancestors on his father's side 
were Scotch, from the north of Ireland. His grand- 
■father was a captain in the Irish rebellion of 1798, and 
on the quelling of the insurrection was compelled to 
flee to this country. On his mother's side they came 
from Pennsylvania, her people having settled there at 
the time of William Penn. Isaac Pennybacker, his 
mother's brother, was United States Senator from Vir- 
ginia, and also Judge of the Circuit Court. Benjamin 
P. attended the common school in Virginia when a 
.small boy, and removed with his parents to Harrison 
County, Indiana, in 1834, where they settled on a farm. 
His father, being a fine classical scholar, himself un- 
dertook the education of his son, thereby affording him 
an excellent education, an advantage of which he availed 
himself to the fullest extent. He made rapid progress 
in his studies, and has derived much benefit from them 
m after life. On finishing his course he continued for a 
time with his father, working on the farm, studying 
law, and teaching school, for which his education had 
so thoroughly qualified him. He continued in these oc- 
cupations until 1849, when he was chosen county audi- 
tor. This election was somewhat remarkable, he being 
a Democrat, and the district at that time being strongly 
Whig, a convincing proof of the esteem in which he 
was personally held by those who knew him. He was 
then strongly solicited to become clerk of the county, 



iSd Bist. 

which, however, he declined. In 1S57 he was elected 
as Representative to the state Legislature from Harrison 
County, where he served one session. In 1858 he em- 
barlced in mercantile business, in which he continued 
until 1867, when he was appointed by a board of com- 
missioners to fill an unexpired term in the auditor'.s 
oiifice, for the purpose of placing its accounts in better 
order. In 1868 he was elected clerk of the Circuit 
Court.' After the expiration of his term of office he en- 
tered regularly upon the profession of law at Corydon, 
where he still continues, in the enjoyment of a large 
and lucrative practice, his law partner being Captain .S. 
M. Stockslager, this being the prominent law firm of 
Harrison County. He has several times served, by 
special appointment, on the bench. He was one of the 
directors and president of the pike road from Corydon 
to New Albany, of which he was one of the projectors. 
This was one of the finest and most useful turnpikes in 
the state. He also acted as the engineer during its 
construction. When the Air-line railroad from Louis- 
ville to St. Louis, now partly finished, was begun, he 
was appointed one of the directors, and assisted as en- 
gineer in the preliminary survey. In politics he is a 
Democrat, and is a most active worker in the party. In 
fact he is one of the leaders of the Democracy in the 
county. Me was brought up as a Baptist, but is an at- 
tendant of the Presbyterian Church, of which his wife 
is a member. He was married at Louisville, July, 1S35, 
to Annie Pope, daughter of Edmund Pendleton Pope, a 
prominent lawyer of Louisville. They have had two 
children — one daughter, who is now dead ; and one son, 
born July, 1859, now in Colorado. The death of his 
mother occurred a few days after his birth. She was a 
granddaughter of Colonel Edward Johnson, a brother 
of Colonel R. M. Johnson, who fought at the battle of 
the Thames. The Judge married again. May, 1S63, 
Victoria Boone, daughter of Colonel Hiram Boone, of 
Meade County, Kentucky. The result of that marriage 
has been three children, one of whom is dead, one son 
and one daughter living. The Judge himself is a man 
of commanding appearance. His habits are those of a 
.scholar and a gentleman. 


Jj ARLY, SAMUEL S., non-practicing attorney, 
") , lirownstown, Indiana, was born in Blount County, 
^Jix East Tennessee, November 3, \i2\. His father 
^i\s was a farmer, and was a minute-man in the War of 
1812. His maternal grandfather, being an Orangeman, 
was forced to leave Ireland. Samuel S. Early never 
nllcnded school, but by diligent study ac(]uirc<l a fine 
ICnglish education. He was a great reader, and, after 
he had exhausted tlie books which he could find at 
homo, ho laid contributions on the stock of his neigh- 

bors. This, with careful study of the various branches 
of knowledge, in later years, formed the basis of his in- 
struction. In 1S36-7, in the panic of that time, a ca- 
lamity which was as widely extended as that of 1873, 
but to encounter which the people had less wealth, his 
father became deeply involved, sold out his business, 
and started for Missouri. Owing to sickness he stopped 
in Illinois, where he lost his wife and one son. He 
then sold out his outfit, consisting of an interest in 
a boat and some stock, wrote to his brother to 
come to him, and after the brother's arrival, in the 
early part of 1840, removed, with the family, to Wal- 
nut Ridge, Washington County, Indiana. For seven 
years after the death of his mother, .Samuel S. Early, 
being the oldest of the family of three boys, acted as 
cook and housekeeper for his father, who died in 1847. 
After that event the boys worked on the farm in the 
summer, and Mr. Samuel S. Early taught in the winter, 
while his brothers attended school. He married, March 
4, 1849, Bernette Beem, daughter of a wealthy farmer of 
Jackson County, Indiana. In April of the same year he 
settled in the southern part of Jackson County, contin- 
uing to farm in the summer and teach in the winter, 
until the fall of 1852. In that year he was elected 
sheriff of Jackson County, and, upon taking charge of 
the office, removed to Brownstown. In 1854 he was re- 
elected sheriff, which office he filled for four years. In 
the fall of 1856 he represented Jackson County in the 
Legislature, and in 1858 again served in the same position. 
In i860 he became treasurer of Jackson County, and in 
1S62 was re-elected. On the expiration of his term of 
office he entered the mercantile business, which he fol- 
lowed until the year 1866. He then retired; spent some 
lime traveling in the interest of a life insurance com- 
pany; taught in the Brownstown high school; and assisted 
in the various county offices. In 1874 he again filled 
the office of sheriff, and again in 1876, thus completing 
four terms. In July, i860, his wife died of puerperal 
fever, leaving four children, three sons and one daugh- 
ter. The oldest son, Sylvester N., is now deputy sheriff 
of the county. The second, Vincent L., is keeping a 
drug-store in Greenfield, Indiana. The others are with 
their father. Mr. Early married, February 24, 1862, 
Mary E. Boyd, the daughter of a farmer and miller. 
They have had two children, neither of whom is living. 
'Wi. Early was reared a Presbyterian, and is now an ac- 
tive member of that Church. Recollecting llie difficul- 
ties he himself w ns obliged to meet in the pursuit of an 
education, he has been a warm friend of the common 
school, as well as of academies and colleges. He is a 
leading Democrat of Jackson County, and the citizens 
speak of him with great pride, as a man who has filled 
many important public ])ositions with credit to himself 
anil to the satisfaction of the people, llis abilities have 
been equal to any test that has been given them. 


■EnoilJT K O'B^"'' 

JAMES A, !E[feO n, 

1 1 ■■". , A . 

v/ /?«/.] 



ef,f!^KIN, GENERAL JAMES ADAMS, deputy quar- 
termaster-general, United States army, the subject 
of this brief sketch, was born August 31, 1819, at 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His ancestry were of 
the highest respectability. His father, James Ekin, was 
a native of the county of Tyrone, Ireland, but came to 
this country at an early age, and was for many years a 
successful merchant in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His 
mother was born in Elizabeth, Allegheny County, Penn- 
sylvania, and was a daughter of Colonel Stephen Bay- 
ard, of the Revolutionary army, and granddaughter of 
yEneas Mackay, colonel of the 8th Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Continental forces. After having received a lib- 
eral education, first at the academy of the Rev. Joseph 
Stockton, D. D., in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, and 
subsequently under the enlightened instruction of Will- 
iam Moody, Esq., at Columbiana, Ohio, young Ekin, on 
reaching the years of manhood, entered into mercantile 
pursuits, and was afterward, for a long time, extensively 
engaged in steamboat and ship-building at Elizabeth. 
While in this business, he built some of the finest 
steamers on the Western M'aters, continually giving 
employment to a large number of skilled mechanics 
and other workmen, all of whom were deeply attached 
to him on account of the uniformly just and kind 
manner in which he treated them, and many of whom, 
yet living, cherish his name with profound esteem and 
gratitude. While a citizen of Elizabeth, and actively 
engaged in business, although personally very popular 
with the people among whom he lived, Mr. Ekin held 
but one public office, and that the honorable one of 
school director, the duties of which he performed, 
as he guarded other business interests confided to him, 
with signal ability and fidelity. In his earlier man- 
hood, Mr. Ekin was identified with the Democratic 
party, and continued to support its measures and pol- 
icy until the repeal, in 1846, of the tariff act of 1842. 
After that event he acted with the Whigs, and subse- 
quently with the Republicans. Of the latter party he 
has been an earnest and efficient supporter since its 
organization. He was a member of the Free-soil Na- 
tional Convention of 1848, and of the Republican Na- 
tional Conventions of 1856 and 1S6:). At the outbreak 
of the great rebellion, in 1861, Mr. Ekin was among the 
first to tender his services in defense of the imperiled 
Union of the states; and on the 25th of April of that 
year he was commissioned by the Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania as regimental quartermaster of the 12th Regiment 
of Pennsylvania Volunteers, and entered the service of 
the United States in that capacity at that date. In this 
regiment he served for three months (the term for which 
it was mustered), its duty being to guard the line of the 
Northern Central Railway from Baltimore to the Penn- 
sylvania border, a distance of forty-five miles. The reg- 
iment havintr been mustered out of service al the cilv 

of Pittsburgh on the 5th of August, 1S61, Lieutenant 
Ekin was, on the 7th of the same month and year, 
appointed, by the President of the United States, captain 
and assistant quartermaster United States Volunteers, 
and assigned to duty at Pittsburgh, relieving Lieutenant 
B. F. Hutchins, Sixth United States Cavalry, acting 
assistant quartermaster and acting assistant commissary 
of subsistence. After rendering faithful and efficient 
service at this important center of military operations, 
Captain Ekin was, on the l6th of October, i86i, 
directed to proceed at once to Indianapolis, Indiana, 
and relieve Major A. Montgomery, quartermaster United 
States army. Indianapolis was at that time one of the 
great depots for the receipt and transfer of all kinds of 
military stores and munitions of war, as well as a large 
recruiting station for the gallant troops of the Western 
armies. The great "War Governor" of Indiana, Mor- 
ton, was then moving, guiding, and directing, with a 
masterly skill all his own, the masses of patriotic men 
who, at the call of his clarion voice, flocked ai-ound the 
standard of the Republic, and offered their lives in its 
defense. It was at this trying and perilous time in the 
history of the country that Captain Ekin was brought 
into intiniate personal and official relations with Gov- 
ernor Morton; and the close and cordial friendship then 
commenced was uninterruptedly continued until death 
closed the brilliant career of Indiana's great and patri- 
otic statesman. On the 13th of March, 1863, Captain 
Ekin vacated his commission as captain and assistant 
quartermaster of volunteers, and was commissioned cap- 
tain and assistant quartermaster in the regular army, in 
recognition of the valuable and efficient services he had 
rendered in the quartermaster's department. Having 
served for over two years, with marked distinction, at 
Indianapolis, he was, on the 21st of December, 1863, 
ordered to duty at Washington, District of Columbia, 
as chief quartermaster of the cavalry bureau, reliev- 
ing Lieutenant-colonel C. G. Sawtelle. In this impor- 
tant and enlarged sphere of duty the fine executive 
and administrative abilities of Captain Ekin were more 
fully called into requisition, and he conducted with con- 
summate skill and unswerving fidelity the great inter- 
ests confided to his care. His position in this impor- 
tant branch of the military service gave him control not 
o.ily of the extensive purchases of cavalry and artillery 
horses and mules for large portions of the great armies 
then in the field, but also the personal direction and 
supervision of the immense cavalry depot located at 
Giesboro', District of Columbia, on the northern bank 
of the Potomac, and within view of the Capitol at 
Washington. This was, indeed, during the war, known 
in the army as the model depot, and it was made so, in 
a great degree, by the remarkable administrative ability 
of Captain Ekin, and his keen sagacity in the selection 
of subordinate officers and agents to co-operate in the 



[Sd Dist. 

great work intrusted to hira. In the discharge of these 
important duties he disbursed many millions of dollars, 
and to his undying honor be it recorded, not one dol- 
lar of deficiency was ever charged against him by the 
accounting officers of the treasury, after the most care- 
ful scrutiny of his accounts. This is, indeed, a fact of 
which the relatives and friends of General Ekin may 
well be proud, although he might not boast of it him- 
self; for, if his attention were called to it, he would 
probably say, "I only performed my duty in preserving 
untarnished my honor." Nevertheless, an incident so 
praiseworthy should be recorded, not only because of its 
inherent merit in a time of war, when fraud and pecu- 
lation were so rife in the land, but because it will serve 
as a bright example in our own day for the imitation 
of many who are the custodians of public and private 
funds, and mayhap will impress more deeply upon their 
minds the truth, that, after all, "honesty ib the best 
policy." Soon after Captain Ekin's ai-rival in Washing- 
ton, that is to say, on the 24th of February, 1864, he 
was appointed, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, 
chief quarte>'master of the cavalry corps of the Army 
of the Potomac, in addition to his charge of the cavalry 
bureau as chief quartermaster. On the 6th of August, 
1864, under the act of Congress of July 4th of that 
year, for the better organization of the quartermaster's 
department, Lieutenant-colonel Ekin was, in recogni- 
tion of his faithful and meritorious services, assigned to 
duty, with the temporary rank of colonel, in charge of 
the first division of the quartermaster-general's office, to 
date from August 2, 1864. Here his duties were still 
more enlarged and his labors greatly increased ; but, 
as in all other positions, he was found fully equal to the 
new and important tasks devolved upon him. In this 
branch of the office he was charged with the multifari- 
ous business pertaining to all regular supplies and miscel- 
laneous stores required for the army, to the numberless 
animals needed, to the barracks and quarters to be pro- 
vided, and to the vast multitude of claims for property 
of various kinds taken for the use of the United States 
troops during the War of the Rebellion. Yet, under his 
intelligent administration, all the complex machinery 
of this important branch of the quartermaster-general's 
office moved with the regularity and precision of clock- 
work. Indeed, so well known and conspicuous had he- 
come the fine administrative talent of Colonel Ekin, 
that it did not fail to attract the attention of the highest 
officers of the government ; and on several occasions, by 
direction of Presidents Lincoln, Johnson, and Grant, he 
was assigned to duty, during the absence of General M. 
r. Meigs, quartermaster-general, as acting quartermas- 
ter-general of the army; and from the last-named distin- 
guished officer lie has also been the recipient of many 
complimentary acknowledgments. In view of these 
facts, it is no wonder that Colonel Ekin's promotions 

in the army were frequent and rapid, for he fully earned 
them all by able, faithful, and efficient service. Hence 
we find that on the 8th of March, 1865, just before the 
close of the war, he was appointed brevet brigadier-gen- 
eral United States volunteers, having in less than four 
years, by his own acknowledged merits, and through 
the recognition of faithful services by his superior offi- 
cers, risen from the rank of lieutenant to one of the 
highest and most honorable grades in the army. In 
order to preserve the chronological order of this narra- 
tive, it may here be stated that on the 19th of April, 
1865, General Ekin was detailed as a member of the 
guard of honor to accompany the remains of the late 
President Lincoln from Washington, District of Colum- 
bia, to Springfield, Illinois ; and on the 9th of May, 

1865, he was detailed a member of the military com- 
mission appointed by Paragraph 4 of Special Orders 
War Department, No. 211, May 6, 1865, for the trial 
of the assassins of President Lincoln. It is known that, 
as a member of this historic military court. General Ekin 
favored a commutation of the death-sentence of the un- 
fortunate INIrs. -Surratt ; and it is a well-authenticated 
fact that the paper containing the recommendation of a 
majority of the commission for executive clemency in 
her case — which, it was claimed by Judge Holt, was 
attached to the proceedings and findings of the commis- 
sion, but which, it was alleged by President Johnson, 
was not thus appended to the papers, and, therefore, 
claimed by him not to have been seen — was in the clear, 
bold, and legible handwriting of General Ekin. This in- 
cident is here mentioned to show that the action of this 
distinguished officer in this serious and solemn matter, 
involving the question of the life or death of an accused 
woman, was governed by considerations of humanity 
and mercy. Resuming our narrative, the military record 
of General Ekin shows that on the 28th of June, 1865, 
he received three brevet appointments, as major, lieu- 
tenant-colonel, and colonel in the regular army, "for 
faithful and meritorious services during the war," to 
date from March 13, 1865. On the 17th of July, 1866, 
he was commissioned a brevet brigadier-general in the 
regular army, to rank as such from March 13, 1865. On 
the 1st of December, 1866, he was appointed deputy quar- 
termaster-general, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. 
United States army, under the act of Congress approved 
July 28, 1866, to rank as such from the 29th of July, 

1866. After nearly six years' continuous service as chief 
of one of the largest and most important divisions in the 
quartermaster-general's office, during which he acquired 
high distinction as an able, efficient, and upright officer, 
and won the well-merited encomiums of presidents, sec- 
retaries of war, and more immediate superiors, General 
Ekin was, on the ist of April, 1870, relieved from 
duty in that office, and on the 23d of the same month 
assigned to duty as chief quartermaster of the Depart- 

3d Dist.] 



ment of Texas. On the eve of his departure from 
Washington for this new field of duty, the most affec- 
tionate and touching demonstrations of respect were 
paid him, not only by the officers who had been associ- 
ated with, and the clerks and others who had served 
under him, but also by the citizens of the national me- 
tropolis generally, high and low, rich and poor, white 
and colored, to all of whom he had become endeared by 
his genial manners and generous friendships. -V lar^e 
multitude of friends and admirers gathered at the rail- 
road depot to bid him a heart-felt God-speed on his dis- 
tant journey, and many kind and grateful words were 
spoken, and fitly responded to, before the train moved 
off on that well-remembered night. During General 
Ekin's two years' service as chief quartermaster of the 
Department of Texas, his administration was marked by 
the same high degree of intelligence, probity, and effi- 
ciency, which had signalized his supervision and control 
of previous important and responsible trusts. General 
Ekin was relieved from duty as chief quartermaster of 
the Department of Texas on the 29th of April, 1872, 
and on the 8th of May of the same year was assigned 
to duty at Louisville, Kentucky, as chief quartermaster 
of the Department of the South, succeeding the lamented 
General McFerran. On the lith of December, 1872, he 
was announced as chief quartermaster of the Division 
of the South, on the staff of Major-general McDowell. 
Early in the fall of 1S76 the headquarters of the Depart- 
ment of the South were transferred to Atlanta, Georgia ; 
but General Ekin, being in charge of the Jeffersonville 
depot of the quartermaster's department, found it expe- 
dient to remain at Louisville, in view of the large public 
interests at the depot which required his personal atten- 
tion. He continued, however, to act as chief quarter- 
master of the department for some weeks, and until a 
successor was appointed. In the mean time he continued 
in charge of the great supply depot at Jeffersonville, 
and was also appointed disbursing officer of the quarter- 
master's department at Louisville, Kentucky, and offi- 
cer in charge of national cemeteries in Kentucky and 
Tennessee. These threefold important duties he is now 
(May, 1880) performing with the same ability, zeal, and 
faithfulness that distinguished his career on other fields 
of service. As officer in charge of the Jeffersonville 
depot, which, besides being a great storehouse for all 
kinds of army supplies, has, through the efforts of Gen- 
eral Ekin, become also a large manufacturing depot, he 
has been enabled to give profitable employment to many 
hundreds of poor sewing women in Jeffersonville, New 
Albany, and the surrounding country. The materials 
for the manufacture of shirts, and other articles of cloth- 
ing for the army, are taken by these worthy people to 
their homes, and made up in accordance with the require- 
ments of the service. Under the careful system of 
accountability and inspection in practice, nothing is ever 

ost to the government, and the work is done with the 
utmost regularity and perfection. A "pay-day" at the 
Jeffersonville depot is always an interesting occasion ; 
for then may be seen long lines of respectable sewing 
women awaiting their turn to hand in their pay certifi- 
cates to the cashier, and receive their well-earned wages, 
which range as high, in some cases, as forty-five dollars 
per month. These women, with, in many cases, helpless 
little ones dependent upon them, are made contented and 
happy by this just, liberal, and certain reward of their 
labor ; and in the humble homes that are thus made bright 
and cheerful, the name of their benefactor. General Ekin, 
is held in loving and grateful remembrance. One of the 
most conspicuous, as it is one of the most commenda- 
ble, traits in the character of General Ekin is his strong, 
earnest, and practical religious conviction. He is, in 
the truest sense of the term, a sincere Christian gentle- 
man, and diffuses around him, at all times and under 
all circumstances, the light of moral and religious ex- 
ample. In the fall of 1842 he united with the Asso- 
ciate Reformed Presbyterian Congregation of Bethesda, 
in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylva- 
nia, and was for several years a trustee of the Church. 
In the year 1858 the Associate Reformed Church and 
the Associate Church were united, forming the present 
United Presbyterian Church. Of this Church organiza- 
tion General Ekin is, and has been since its formation, 
one of the most active, zealous, and influential mem- 
bers. His name is as well known and as highly hon- 
ored in the Church as that of any layman connected 
with it. He has lost no opportunity to advance the 
interests of the organization. Many of his hours of 
retirement, when freed from the cares and responsibil- 
ities of official duty, have been devoted to this purpose. 
The columns of 77/1? United Presbyterian, published at 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, bear abundant evidence of his 
zealous labors in that direction. He has, especially of 
late years, contributed many instructive and interesting 
articles to that paper, illustrative of the rise, progress, 
condition, and needs of the Church. His recently pub- 
lished "Memorials" of some of the most distinguished 
ministers of the United Presbyterian Church, written, 
as they were, in a graceful and vigorous style, are val- 
uable contributions to the literature of the Church, be- 
sides being of great historic interest. As may ha\e 
been conjectured from what has already been writ- 
ten, the personal traits of character most notable in 
General Ekin are integrity, kindness, and firmness, 
blended with great suavity of manner. So affable is he 
in official and social intercourse that even one who might 
fail to receive some expected favor at his hands would 
go away rejoicing in the happy remembrances of the 
pleasant interview. But with a warm and sympathetic 
heart that would, if it could, take the whole world 
to its embrace, General Ekin has never declined to 



\_3d Dist. 

grant to a worthy person any reasonable request, if 
within the range of possibility to do so. No govern- 
ment officer of his time, with necessarily limited oppor- 
tunities, has been more instrumental than he in promot- 
ing the welfare and happiness of others/ Many now in 
public office, and some of them in high position, are 
indebted to his generous influence for their elevation to 
honorable and lucrative trusts, and among all of them 
his name is cherished and revered. The fine personal 
appearance of General Ekin is indicative of his noble 
character. His figure is tall, well-proportioned, grace- 
ful, and commanding. His forehead is high and ex- 
pansive, and his mild but expressive eyes look out from 
a countenance beaming with all the well -developed 
marks of intelligence and goodness. His voice is clear 
and musical, and his conversational powers, combined 
with his genial manners, render him exceedingly capti- 
vating. As a public speaker he is very pleasing; but 
he rarely appears upon the platform, and then only in 
response to urgent calls to promote some good cause. 
Although his hair is silvered by the frosts of more than 
threescore winters, he walks erect, with all the vigor 
and elasticity of younger manhood. In any assemblage, 
however distinguished, his fine physique, and calm, 
dignified appearance, would attract attention, and indi- 
cate him as a man of mark. The domestic life of Gen- 
eral Ekin has been one of great contentment and hap- 
]iiness. In early manhood (September 28, 1843) he was 
united in marriage to Miss Diana C. Walker. Since 
that bright and happy day they have journeyed hand in 
hand together, with more of sunshine than of .shadow 
above their pathway. Theirs has always been a Chris- 
tian home, in which mutual love and forbearance have 
xmiformly dwelt. Five children have blessed this happy 
union, two of whom (a son and daughter) still survive, 
to cheer the declining years of their honored and affec- 
tionate parents, whose days it is fondly hoped may yet 
be long in the land, and continue bright and prosperous, 
until the golden sunset of their beautiful lives shall 
melt away into the perpetual sunshine of a glorious 

— >-«)«.-^- 

^(ifMERSON, FRANK, of Brownstown, Indiana, was 
Tjt^ born in Haverhill, Grafton County, New Hamp- 
(Jl^ shire, and is a son of Joseph and Elirabeth (Stark) 
'^cvs Emerson. His father was a farmer: his mother 
was a niece of fleneral Stark, of Revolutionary fame. 
In his early youth Mr. Emerson attended the common 
schools, and then studied for college at Peacham Acad- 
emy, Vermont. He entered the sophomore class at 
Dartmouth in 1836, graduated in July, 1838, and then 
studied law in the office of Wm. C. Clark, at Meredith, 
New Hampshire. In 1841, at Decatur, Illinois, he was 
admitted to practice in the Circuit Courts, and in De- 

cember of the same year, at Springfield, to practice in 
the Supreme Court. He then settled at Decatur, and 
continued the practice Of his profession there until 
1843, when he removed to Charlestown, Clarke County, 
Indiana. In September, 1845, ^^ settled in Browns- 
town, Jackson County, where he carried on a successful 
law practice until the breaking out of the Mexican 
War, in 1846. He enlisted as a private in the 3d 
Regiment Dragoons, was promoted to the rank of 
second lieutenant, and took a prominent part in the 
siege of the City of Mexico. He returned home Au- 
gust, 1S48, resumed his professional work, and in the 
fall of that year was elected assistant secretary of 
the state Senate. He was re-elected in 1849, ^"f' i" 
1850 became secretary of the Senate. In 1851 he rep- 
resented Jackson and Scott Counties as state Senator, 
and served one year. In 1852 and in 1854 he was 
elected treasurer of Jackson County. For the four 
years following October, 1856, he served as Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas. In 1862 he was appointed 
commander of the military camp at Madison, Indiana, 
and in August, 1862, colonel of the 67th Regiment In- 
diana Volunteers, which rank he held until, on account 
of wounds, he tendered his resignation, September 30, 
1S64. He was wounded at Arkansas Post in January, 
1863, and at Mansfield, Louisiana, in April, 1864. Upon 
returning to Brownstown he again resumed the practice 
of his profession, and in 1868 was elected Judge of the 
Common Pleas Court. Being re-elected in 1872, he served 
until March, 1873, when he was appointed Judge of the 
Circuit Court. In that position he served until the Oc- 
tober election, since which time he has given his atten- 
tion to the practice of law. He married, July 5, 1849, 
Adeline Redman, daughter of the county auditor. He 
is the father of ten children, of whom three boys and 
six girls are now living. He was reared a Congrega- 
tionalist, his parents being members of that Church, but 
is not a member of any religious sect. He is one of 
the acknowledged leaders of the Democracy of his por- 
tion of the state. 

>-4S"!4>-c^ — 

9j|^ERRIER, WILLIAM S., editor and proprietor of 
j|j\ the Clarke County Record, at Charlestown. Clarke 
E'^n County, was born at Newville, Pennsylvania, May 
^^•i' 17, 1825. His parents, David and Jane (Ryan) 
Ferrier, were both natives of Pennsylvania, and when 
he was two years old removed to Georgetown, Brown 
County, Ohio, where his father was recorder of the 
county and master commissioner in chancery. At the 
age of fourteen his parents removed to Greensbuig, 
Indiana, and a year later to Charlestown. He received 
a common school education at Georgetown, Ohio, at 
the county seminary at Greensburg, Indiana, and at the 
seminary at Charlestown. On leaving school at fifteen, 

Sd Dist.'\ 




he engaged in the printing business in Charlestown with 
Mr. Huclclebury, proprietor of tlie Southern Indianinn. 
Two years later he published the Clarke County Mirror, 
at Charlestown, and in 1843 he resuscitated the Soidh- 
erti IndiaiiiiM, which he continued to publish for some 
three years. In 1844 he received an appointment as 
cadet at West Point through Thomas J. Henley, Con- 
gressman for his district, but owing to death in the 
family he did not report to the commandant. In 1846, 
being then in poor health, lie sold out his interest in 
the paper to Henry B. Wolds and removed to New 
Richmond, Ohio, where he held a clerkship, for a short 
time, under David G. Gibson, in a large mill. 'In 1847 
he returned to Charlestown and published the Western 
Parmer, continuing in the newspaper business until 1864, 
when he again sold out. The spirit of journalism being 
strong in him, in March, 1869, he commenced the pub- 
lication of the Clarke County Record, the chief paper of 
the county, which enjoys a large circulation, and is well 
and ably edited. It is now, in iSSo, in its twelfth vol- 
ume. Mr. Ferrier served four years as director of the 
Southern Pi-ison, at Jeffersonville, from 1864 to 186S, 
and was president of the board. He has been a mem- 
ber of the Order of Odd-fellows for a number of years. 
During the early period of his journalistic life, he was 
a Democrat and published a Democratic paper, but the 
last Democratic President he voted for was James Bu- 
chanan. From the outbreak of the Rebellion he warmly 
sympathized with the government, and took strong grounds 
against the action of the Democratic party at that 
time. Frcm 'hat time forward he has acted with the 
Republican party, in which he is a zealous worker. He 
is a member of the Presbyterian Church, of which he 
has for some time been an elder, and for twenty years 
past superintendent of the Sabbath-school. Mr. Ferrier 
is a man whose record is without a blemish. His char- 
acter is pure and elevated. He is an honored and re- 
spected scholar and gentleman, and is now in the prime 
of life, enjoying most excellent health, the comforts and 
happiness of a pleasant home and loving family, and a 
fair share of this world's goods. He was married, Octo- 
ber 10, 1844, to Martha E. Houston, of Charlestown, 
daughter of Littleton B. Houston, formerly of Dela- 
ware. Such is the brief record of one of Clarke County's 
most representative men. 

^IJFlELD, DOCTOR NATHANIEL, of JefTersonville, 
■^IJa one of the oldest physicians in the state of Indi- 
jtTCl/ ana, is a graduate of Transylvania Medical School, 
<i!iS) founded at Lexington, Kentucky, in the early part 
of this century. He was born in Jefferson County, Ken- 
tucky, on the seventh day of November, 1805, and 
settled in Jeffersonville in the autumn of 1829, where 

he has since resided. He is, in some respects, a re- 
markable man, and is an original thinker, forming 
his opinions independent of popular sentiment or the 
authority of books. Whatever he believes to be right 
and just he advocates boldly, regardless of consequences 
to himself. Though born in a slave state and in a slave- 
holding family, at an early age he contracted a dislike 
to the institution of slavery, and wrote a tract against it, 
entitled "Onesimus." He was one of the first vice- 
presidents of the American Anti-slavery Society, was 
president of the first anti-slavery convention ever held 
in Indiana, and president of the Free-soil Convention 
held at Indianapolis in 1850. As an illustration of his 
uncompromising devotion to the principles of right and 
justice, in June, 1834, he voted against the whole town- 
ship of Jeffersonville on the question of enforcing one 
of the black laws of the state. At a township election 
in the month mentioned, the following question was pro- 
pounded to every voter: "Shall the law requiring free 
negroes now in the state, and such as may hereafter 
come into it, to give bond and security for their good 
behavior, and that they will never become a public 
charge, be enforced ?" The law had been since its en- 
actment a dead letter on the statute-book, and this new- 
born zeal for its enforcement was prompted by hatred 
of the negro, and not any fear that he might become a 
criminal or a pauper. At that time pro-slavery mobs 
were wreaking their vengeance on the Abolitionists in 
the Northern states, destroying their printing-presses 
and burning their property, their efforts culminating in 
the cowardly murder of Elijah Lovejoy, at Alton, Illi- 
nois. The mob spirit was at that time epidemic, and 
was never at a loss for a pretext to make war on the 
poor negroes. After scanning the paper proposing the 
question. Doctor Field noticed that every voter in the 
township, saints and sinners, had signed the affirmative 
column, demanding the enforcement of the law. It was 
just before the close of the polls that he was requested 
to vote. He was surrounded by a crowd of sinister- 
looking loafers and roughs, exasperated at the idea that 
the Abolitionists were trying to put the negroes on an 
equality with them. These worthless vagabonds were 
anxious to see if Doctor Field would take sides with 
the negroes, in opposition to the whole community. 
Knowing that hostility to the negroes would prevent 
them from giving the required bond, and that their ex- 
pulsion at that time in the year would be attended with 
the loss of their crops and great suffering, he under- 
took to reason with the excited mob, and pleaded for an 
extension of time, until they could make and gather 
their crops. But to no purpose. He might as well 
have asked for compassion of a herd of hyenas. After 
giving his reasons for delay, he put his name down 
in the negative, the only man in the township who 
voted for mercy. As might have been foreseen, the 



[3d Disl. 

negroes could not give security, and were driven from 
the town and neighborhood. For three weeks there 
was a perfect reign of terror. The negroes were 
shamefully abused, and fled in every direction. No 
magistrates or constables dared to interfere with the 
mob. Doctor Field 1\'as notified that he would have to 
share the fortunes of the negroes, whose cause he had 
espoused. Without a moment's delay he prepared for 
defense, determined to sell his life dearly, and perish in 
the ruins of his house, rather than succumb to a lawless 
mob. He provided himself with plenty of fire-arms 
and ready-made cartridges, and fortified his house. He 
had one brave friend willing to occupy the fortress with 
him. After all the arrangements were made, the mob 
were notified to commence the siege whenever it suited 
their pleasure or convenience. But, fortunately for them, 
and perhaps for Doctor Field too, the invitation was 
declined. Notwithstanding the perils of those days that 
tried men's souls, he has lived, with a few other pio- 
neers in the anti-slavery cause, to see the downfall of 
slavery and the enfranchisement of the African race in 
the United States. In 1854, by the death of his mother, 
he came into possession of several valuable slaves, whom 
he immediately emancipated, thereby proving the sin- 
cerity of his anti-slavery principles. In July, 1836, 
Doctor Field represented Jeffersonville in the great 
Southern Railroad Convention, which assembled at 
Knoxville, Tennessee, for the purpose of devising ways 
and means to make a railroad from Charleston, South 
Carolina, to Cincinnati, with a branch to Louisville from 
some point west of Cumberland Gap. He represented 
Clarke County in the state Legislature in 1838 and 1839. 
Doctor Field was chairman of the select committee to 
investigate charges against the president of the state 
university, the late Doctor Andrew Wylie, and made 
an able report, completely acquitting him. He was sur- 
geon of the 66th Regiment of Indiana Infantry, and 
rendered important services on several battle-fields, hav- 
ing charge of hospitals for the wounded for several con- 
secutive weeks, and performing with skill nearly all 
operations known to military surgery. In 1868 he «'as 
president of the Indiana State Medical Society, and has 
written quite a number of articles for its transactions 
and for the State Medical Journal. He has also written 
several lectures, among which are those entitled, "Moses 
and Geology;" "The Spirit of the Age;" "Arts of Im- 
posture and Deception Peculiar to American Society;" 
"Financial Condition of the World;" "Hard Times;" 
and "Capital Punishment." One of the most remark- 
able circumstances in the life of Doctor Field is that he 
has been a minister of the gospel for half a century, 
and all that lime has been pastor of a Church in Jeffer- 
sonville without .salary or earthly compensation for his 
services. He has immersed nearly a thousand people in 
the Ohio River, and his Church at the present time num- 

bers about one hundred and fifty members. He has 
held several debates on theological subjects, one of 
which was published in 1854 — an octavo work of three 
hundred and ten pages. He is now far advanced in 
years, but still possesses a remarkable degree of intel- 
lectual and physical vigor for one of his age. 

WULLENLOVE, THOMAS J., of New Albany, ex- 
'lljv sherift" and ex-auditor of Floyd County, was born 
^Cii; in Harrison County, Indiana, on the 30th of Au- 
a)i£ gust, 1837. His parents were John Fullenlove, 
of Lexington, Kentucky, and Nancy (Gwin) Fullenlove, 
daughter of Thomas Gwin, of Harrison County. His 
grandfather and grandmother were natives of Virginia, 
and among the early settlers of that state. Mr. Fullen- 
love's father died when the former was only ten years 
old, leaving him to make his own way in the world and 
assist his widowed mother in the care of his younger 
brothers and sisters. Being a bright, intelligent boy, 
and possessed of a business turn of mind, after alter- 
nately attending the country school and working upon 
the farm until he was fifteen years of age, he appren- 
ticed himself to his uncle, George H. Gwin, to learn 
the blacksmith's trade. Here he continued two years, 
at the expiration of which time he had mastered his 
trade, and could shoe a horse and build a plow or wagon 
as well as those much older. He then rented a shop, 
purchased a set of tools, and commenced business for 
himself. His energy was met by the warm support of 
his friends. One of his first jobs was to make a large 
emigrant wagon for one Mr. George Smith, which he 
did readily and satisfactorily, and the owner used it em- 
igrating to Minnesota. He continued at his trade until 
1866, when he received the nomination of the Demo- 
cratic party for the office of sheriff of Floyd County, in 
which he lived. He accepted, and was elected by a good 
majority. At the expiration of the term of two years, 
he was re-elected by a majority of over fourteen hun- 
dred, and discharged the duties of the office to the entire 
satisfaction of his constituents. At the close of his 
second term, in 1870, he was unanimously nominated to 
the office of auditor of the county, and was elected by 
a large vote, holding the position four years, with credit 
to himself and honor to his friends and party. It was 
during his last term as sheriff that the Reno brothers, 
three notorious express robbers, were taken out of his 
charge by a band of about one hundred "vigilanls," 
and hung to the beams in the jail; but not until Mr. 
Fullenlove had been severely wounded by a pistol shot 
in the right arm, and otherwise so injured as to render 
him unable to contend with the crowd. He still refused 
to surrender the keys, although informed that his life 
should pay the forfeit, and defiantly told his captors: 

3d Dist.] 




"I'll surrender my life, hut not my trust!" He was 
then pitched into a corner of the room, under guard, 
and a general search was commenced. They went to 
his wife's room and threatened her with death, but the 
little woman was as plucky as her husband. They at 
last found the object of their search, and, having con- 
summated their purpose, quietly left on the special rail- 
way train with which they were provided. Mr. Fullen- 
k)ve was married to Miss Emily Davis on the ninth 
day of April, 1857. She is the daughter of George and 
Margaret Davis, substantial farmers, of Harrison County, 
Indiana. They have been blessed with five children, 
four of whom, two sons and two daughters, are still 
living. Their names are Lizzie A. Martin McClellan, 
Horatio S., Maggie D., and Charles Herschel (deceased). 
Mr. Fullenlove's mother is now seventy-six years old, 
and enjoys in her old age the devoted care of her son. 
Mr. Fullenlove and his family are members of the 
Methodist Centenary Church of New Albany ; he has 
many warm friends and is highly esteemed for his con- 
stant readiness to perform a kind act for the poor. He 
is largely engaged in stock-raising, and is proprietor of 
one of the best hotels, the Central, in Southern Indiana. 

"itch, CHARLES H., of New Albany, was born 
at Holliston, Massachusetts, February II, 1828, 
and is the son of Rev. Charles Fitch, a Presbyte. 
rian minister of that place. His grandfather. Rev. 
Ebenezer Fitch, who was born at Williamstown, the 
same state, was the founder and for many years president 
of the Williamstown College. His mother, was Sarah 
Hamilton, a member of one of the best families of 
Princeton, New Jersey. Her grandfather was a soldier 
in the Revolutionary army, and his mansion was a 
favorite resort of General Washington when passing 
through the state. The father of Charles H. Fitch re- 
moved to Columbus, Ohio, about the year 1838, and six 
years later to Rising Sun, Indiana. For many years he 
was agent for the American Bible Society, and also 
preached the gospel at the places above mentioned ; 
afterwards he removed to Mt. Vernon, Indiana, where 
he engaged in farming, and also preached, making that 
place his permanent home. At the commencement of 
the Civil War he tendered his services to the Governor 
of the state, and was assigned to the chaplaincy of the 
24th Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, Colonel 
Hovey commanding. He. died in the service at Evans- 
ville, Indiana, in June, 1863, and his wife survived him 
but two years. Charles H. Fitch had received a thorough 
English education, and in 1846 went to New Albany, 
Indiana, where he served an apprenticeship to the ma- 
chinist's trade. After acquiring a knowledge of his busi- 
ness he shipped on board one of the Oliio River steam- 

boats as engineer, and went to Mobile, Alabama, where 
he remained in the employment of one steamboat com- 
pany for fourteen years. He also spent one year in 
California, putting up and superintending machinery. 
He is considered a most expert workman, and has been 
engaged in the capacity of master in his trade, princi- 
pally on river steamboats, since the close of his appren- 
ticeship. In 1876 he was elected engineer in chief of 
the New Albany water-works, which position he fills 
with credit and ability. He was married, November 
7, 1857, to Eva L. Witman, daughter of Judge 
Charles Witman, of Orwigsburg, Pennsylvania. They 
have had three children. 

.,>,IeRRISH, JAMES W. F., physician and surgeon, 
ll*Sl of Seyrhour, was born in Monmouth, Maine, Feb- 
ruary 12, 1 83 1. His father, Ansel Gerrish, was a 
general merchant and speculator. The Gerrish 
family were among the early settlers of the New Eng- 
land states, having emigrated there from England in 
1632, and become identified with the welfare and growth 
of the East. During the financial troubles of 1836 and 
1837 Doctor Gerrish's father, like many others, became 
deeply involved ; and, after spending two years in an 
unsuccessful effort to retrieve his fortunes, left his family 
and went to Elizabeth, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, 
where he taught school for about two years. He then 
sent for his family, which consisted of his wife and two 
children, the eldest nine years of age, and in the fall 
of 1840 the family were again united. Doctor Gerrish, 
the subject of this sketch, has a distinct recollection 
of the long and tedious journey. He obtained the 
rudiments of his education in the school taught by his 
father. While teaching, his father completed the study 
of medicine, which he had begun in his youth, and in a 
few years removed to Paris, Jennings .County, Indiana, 
where he commenced practice. In the early part of 
1850 James W. F. Gerrish followed his father to Paris, 
where, in the same year, they opened a drug-store. The 
son soon after commenced the study of medicine, in 
which he became so deeply interested that he resolved 
to become' a physician. He graduated in 1S55, and 
immediately upon returning home commenced practice 
with his father in Paris. Their copartnership continued, 
with a large and lucrative practice, until the death of 
Doctor Ansel Gerrish, which occurred August 19, 1859, 
at Portland, Maine, while he was traveling for his health, 
accompanied by his son. Upon the breaking out of 
the Civil War, Doctor Gerrish was commissioned assist- 
ant surgeon, but soon rose to the rank of surgeon, and 
was assigned for duty with the 67th Regiment of Indi- 
ana Volunteers. During his army career he held sev- 
eral important positions, at one time having charge 



{3d Dist. 

of the general liospitals of the Thiitceiith Army Corps, 
at Vicksburg. In August, 1864, on account of failing 
health, he was compelled to resign, and soon after re- 
turning North settled in Seymour, Indiana. Here, by 
close attention to the wants of the community, he stead- 
ily rose in the estimation of the people, until he is now 
regarded as one of the leading physicians and citizens 
of this part of the state. He became a member of the 
Indiana State Medical Society, and a permanent mem- 
ber of the American Medical Association. In 1877 he 
was also chosen first vice-president of the Tri-state Med- 
ical Society of Kentucky, Illinois, and Indiana, and 
was voted an honorary membership in the South-western 
Kentucky Medical Society. Doctor Gerrish was always 
a lover of ancient history, and in early life had his curi- 
osity aroused by the relics found in the mounds of the 
Mound Builders near Marietta, Ohio. He has been 
adding to his collections ever since, until at this time 
very few private citizens of the state have finer archae- 
ological specimens than can be found in his study. In 
Doctor Gerrish Indiana has one of the leading spirits in 
the temperance movement. In the early part of 1877 he 
espoused the cause, and was immediately chosen pres- 
ident of the Red Ribbon Reform Club, of Seymour, 
which position he now holds. Jackson County owes 
more to his energy and liberality for the grand success 
of the work than to any other man. He is not a mono- 
maniac upon the subject of temperance, but believes in 
moral suasion and in man's ability to govern himself. 
His courtesy and kindness, and wonderful success in the 
management of the affairs of the Reform Club, have 
endeared him to the hearts of its members. In 1879 he 
was elected president of the Grand Temperance Council 
of Indiana, delegated from all the state temperance organ- 
izations, to a great extent the outgrowth of his own work. 
He was married to Miss Maria Robinson, of Elizabeth, 
Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, in September, 1849. 
They have had.seyen children, four of whom are now liv- 
ing. The eldest, a son, is attending the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Pennsylvania. Doctor Gerrish's 
mother died January 7, 1877. Both parents were stanch 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and they en- 
deavored to rear their children according to its teachings. 
Doctor Gerrish is not a member of any religious denom- 
ination, however, but believes in a rational devotion, and 
in doing unto others that which he would they should 
do unto him. 


AINS, JAMES M., merchant, manufacturer, and 
banker, of New Albany, was born in Harrison 
County, Indiana, July 31, 1818, and is one of 
eight children of Benjamin and Mary (Woodfield) 
Ilains. His father, who was born in Dutchess County, 
New York, in the year made famous by the signing of 

the Declaration of Independence, was a farmer, and had 
settled in Harrison County in 1815. His estimable wife 
died when her son was only five years old. His moth- 
er's death, and other circumstances peculiar to those 
primitive times, limited the educational advantages en- 
joyed by Mr. Hains in his youth. His father died when 
he was seventeen years old, and from- that time the 
young man was compelled to depend entirely upon his 
own resources. A year previous to this he had deter- 
mined to secure a good education, and in order to pro- 
vide himself with the necessary means, he obtained 
employment out of school hours in a hotel. This en- 
abled him to acquire the rudiments of an English educa- 
tion. At the age of eighteen he apprenticed himself to 
a firm engaged in the hardware and queensware busi- 
ness, to learn the trade. He commenced in the capa- 
city of porter, and by degrees rose to the position of 
clerk and salesman in the establishment. At the end 
of his term of apprenticeship he re-engaged himself for 
four years longer at an increased salary. His wages 
while an apprentice had been seventy-five, one hun- 
dred, and one hundred and twenty dollars a year, and 
from this amount he had managed to defray his ex- 
penses and save a little besides. At the expiration of 
the time mentioned, determined to follow out his early 
aspirations for a higher education, he entered the Wa- 
bash College at Crawfordsville, intending to prepare 
himself for the ministry. He devoted himself assidu- 
ously to his studies for two years, but his health gave 
way under the unaccustomed strain, and he was com- 
pelled to abandon his cherished purpose. He returned 
to his former business with the firm whose apprentice 
he had been, and remained with them two years longer. 
He now decided to engage in business for himself, and 
commenced the manufacture of tin, sheet-iron, and cop- 
per-work, in which he continued about five years, with 
;uch success that at the end of that time he retired from 
business. But "inactive industry" did not suit a man 
of his peculiar temperament, and he was soon elected 
president, treasurer, and general business man-ager of 
the New Albany City Gas Company, which position he 
held for some twenty years. During part of this time 
he was president of the Paoli Bank, Orange County, 
Indiana; and since 1865 he has been president of the 
New Albany National Bank. In 1869 he was made 
secretary, treasurer, and business manager of the New 
Albany Woolen and Cotton Mills, and he still holds 
this position. The foregoing gives some slight idea 
of the business capacity and untiring energy of Mr. 
Hains, as well as the prominent place which he oc- 
cupies in his community, representing as he does its 
material prosperity, and occupying positions that show 
the implicit confidence placed in his integrity. When 
he had reached thirty-seven years of age, he married 
Miss Mary E. Dickey, daughter of Rev. John M. 


jd Disi.\ 


Dickey, a Presbyterian preacher of note, and one of the 
oldest pioneer preachers of the state. Mrs. Hains is a 
lady of the highest moral worth ; her labors in behalf 
of every good cause have given her the warm esteem 
of the Christian community, and her husband has ever 
found in her an earnest helper in all his plans of benev- 
olence. They have had three children, two of whom 
are now living. James Brooks Hains, the eldest son 
and a promising young man, died soon after he had 
graduated, with marked honors, at Wabash College, and 
while yet a student at the law school at Cambridge. 
Mr. Hains connected himself with the Presbyterian 
Church when only twenty years of age. He has always 
been a warm and liberal supporter of the cause of relig- 
ion, and his heart and purse have ever been open to the 
deserving poor and needy. Me has truly been a liberal 
steward of the wealth which has been committed to 
him, and his benevolence has become almost proverbial 
in his city. He is now over sixty years old, and has 
been identified with almost every enterprise for the ma- 
terial and moral benefit of the community. In addition 
to occupying the positions already mentioned, he is 
now trustee of Wabash College, the oldest and best 
endowed classical college in the state of Indiana. He 
is justly entitled to be numbered among the foremost 
"representative men" of the state. 

Wj EFFREN, HORACE, attorney, Salem, was born in 
tT] Dryden, Tompkins County, New York, May 27, 
CTL'A^ 1831, and is the eldest son of 'Elijah and Julia A. 
^SL (Dunham) Heffren. His father was a ; his 
mother's brother, Hon. Cyrus L. Dunham, was a very 
prominent man in state affairs, being one of the leading 
attorneys of Indiana, and also representing the state in 
Congress. Mr. Heffren spent his early life on the farm, 
attending school during the winter, and, at the age of 
seventeen, taught school three terms. In October, 1850, 
he emigrated to Brownstown, Jackson County, Indiana, 
and in the following spring began the study of law in the 
office of Hon. C. L. Dunham and J. M. Lord, at Sa- 
lem. He was admitted to the bar in 1S52, and ad- 
mitted to practice in the Supreme Court, on motion of 
the Hon. William T. Otto, May 29, 1855. In 1852 he 
began the practice of law in Salem, Indiana, residing 
there ever since. In October, 1856, he was elected 
state Senator, and introduced a bill, which became a 
law, "to provide for transferring the certificates of the 
stock of the state, providing for a registry of the same; 
to prevent a fraudulent issue thereof, and providing a 
punishment for a violation of the provisions of this 
act." In 1857, through the manipulations of the joint 
session in an attempt to defeat the election of United 
States Senators, a point of order being raised, l\Ir. Heff- 

ren spoke against time, as per arrangement, and suc- 
ceeded in electing the United States Senator from his 
party. In 1861 he was elected joint Representative from 
the counties of Washington and Harrison, without op- 
position, and was the Democratic candidate for Speaker 
of the House, receiving the entire party' vote. The 
same year he assisted in raising the 13th Regiment of 
Indiana "Volunteer Infantry, of which he was commis- 
sioned major, and afterwards promoted to lieutenant- 
colonel. In October he was transferred to the 50th 
Regiment Indiana "Volunteers, which ha also assisted to 
recruit, and was sent to Tennessee with a portion of the 
regiment. In September, 1862, he was compelled 'o 
resign, owing to ill-health. Returning to Salem, he 
resumed the practice of his profession, to which he has 
since devoted his whole attention. During the last four 
years he has been engaged in writing the history of 
Washington County, which has been published from 
week to week in the Salem Democrat. Mr. Heffren 
has been a leading man in the Democratic party 
for thirty years, and it is greatly indebted to him 
for its thorough organization, and its success under 
many adverse and trying circumstances. He married, 
October 23, 1855, Miss Mary Persise, daughter of a 
merchant of Washington County, Indiana. They have 
two children living. In religion he is a Liberal. Mr. 
Heffren was made a Freemason in 1852, has taken all 
the degrees through Knighthood, and has been a repre- 
sentative in the Grand Lodge and Grand Chapter of the 
state. He has been closely identified with the growth 
and prosperity of Salem and of Washington County ; 
he is regarded as standing at the head of the legal fra- 
ternity in his community, and is highly respected as a 
citizen and gentleman. 

9y|0LMES, SAMUEL W., of Seymour, was born 
tTJi near Bethel, Clermont County, Ohio, April 13, 
G^L* 1830. When he was fifteen years old his father, 
v!% William Holmes, and his mother, Anna (Wilson) 
Holmes, died, leaving him, without means of support, 
to make his way alone. He attended the common 
school of the neighborhood for about nine months only, 
and therefore secured a very limited education. He 
worked in the summer at farming, and during the win- 
ter months at chopping wood. In April, 1851, iie came 
to Jackson County, Indiana, and settled near Cologne, 
four miles east of Seymour, where he engaged in farm- 
ing. The following winter he taught school, at .'leven 
dollars per month, and soon after became foreman for 
Ladd & Newcomb, contractors in building the Ohio and 
Mississippi Railroad. In the fall of 1853 he removed to 
Seymour, and for five years was employed as mail agent 
on the Ohio and Mississipjii Railroad. In 1S5S he pur- 


[_,-(/ Dist. 

chased the Jackson County Democrat, and published that 
paper until the fall of 1859, when he was elected auditor 
of Jackson County for four years. In 1863 he was re- 
elected, and, after serving as auditor of the county eight 
years, he engaged in the mercantile trade in Seymour, 
but on account of ill-health was compelled to abandon 
this pursuit soon afterward. He then turned his atten- 
tion to the insurance business. At the session of the 
Indiana Legislature in 1 871, he was elected principal 
clerk of the House, and was re-elected to the same po- 
sition in 1875. In 1871 he was chosen a member of the 
common council of Seymour, and, after serving one 
year, resigned, and was elected mayor of the city for 
two years, which position he filled to the satisfaction of 
the people. In May, 1878, he was elected city attorney 
for two years. At the close of the session of the Legis- 
lature in 1875, he entered upon the practice of law in con- 
nection with his insurance business, and still continues 
the same. In December, i860, he was married to Maria 
L. Smith, daughter of Samuel W. Smith, attorney-at- 
law, of Seymour. They have one son now living. Po- 
litically, Mr. Holmes is a stanch Democrat, having been 
several times chairman of the Democratic central com- 
mittee of Jackson County, and of the central committee 
of the congressional district, and is an acknowledged 
leader of the party in the county. He was raised in 
the faith of the Christian Church, but is now a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal denomination. 

ilfllOWARD, DANIEL, of Jeffersonville, Clarke 
County, was born in Oldham Parish, near Man- 
chi;ster, England, March 17, 1816. When he was 
but four years old his parents, John and Martha 
(Walker) Howard, emigrated to America. After six 
months spent in the city of New York they decided to 
travel westward, and settled in Cincinnati, Ohio. The 
journey from New York was accomplished in wagons as 
far as Wheeling, Virginia, and thence in a covered flat- 
boat down the Oliio River to Cincinnati. Here the 
father found employment in a cotton mill, at his trade 
of wool-carder and weaver, and, later, in company with 
a Mr. Lytle, engaged in the operation of a woolen mill. 
Daniel Howard is one of three sons and three daughters 
surviving from a family of eight children. At the age 
of fourteen he was apprenticed to the ship-carpenter's 
trade for five years. On the expiration of his appren- 
ticeship he engaged as carpenter on the Lower Missis- 
.sippi River steambo.its, and later as an engineer. In 
April, 1848, with his brother, James Howard, he com- 
menced the building of boats at Jeffersonville, Indiana, 
under the firm name of D. & J. Howard, and continued 
in that business until his retirement from active life in 
1864. The Howard brothers had to that date built over 

two hundred steamboats, at an average value of thirty- 
five thousand dollars each, or a total of seven millions 
of dollars. They had probably the best arranged yard 
on the Ohio River, and had built some of the finest 
boats that navigate Western waters. December 2, 1849, 
Mr. Howard married Miss Mary Densford, daughter of 
James Densford, of Oldham County, Kentucky. Her 
father was for several years sheriflf and magistrate of his 
county, and a prominent and worthy citizen. Two chil- 
dren born to them died in infancy. Mr and Mrs. 
Howard are both members of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Jeffersonville, which has been their home for 
so many years, and are widely known and highly es- 

fOWARD, JONAS GEORGE, attorneyat-law, Jef- 
fersonville, was born in the county of Floyd, near 
the then village of New Albany, May 22, 1825. 
n?i His father, Jonas Howard, was a substantial far- 
mer of Clarke County, Indiana, whither he had emigra- 
ted from Champlain County, Vermont, in 1841. His 
mother, Margaret (Helmer) Howard, was a native of 
Herkimer County, New York, whence she removed 
with her parents to Indiana early in the history of the 
state. In the common and select schools of his native 
village, Mr. Howard obtained his early education. In 
1846, at the age of twenty-one, he entered the Indiana 
University, at Greencastle, where, for three years, he 
pursued a scientific course. He then studied law with 
Mr. John F. Read at Jeffersonville, and in 1S51 re- 
ceived his certificate of graduation in the Law Depart- 
ment of the Indiana State University, at Bloomington. 
The following year he was admitted to the bar, and 
since that time has devoted himself assiduously to the 
practice of his profession. His career as a lawyer has 
been marked with unqualified success; he ranks high as 
a counselor at the bar of his state, and is highly regarded 
by his associates in the profession. A sound reasoner 
and an able speaker, he enjoys the reputation of a 
thoroughly conscientious advocate. In numerous im- 
portant cases he has been honored by an appointment 
from the Judge of his district to render judgment, and 
his decisions have always commanded the highest re- 
spect. As a natural result of his prominence and popu- 
larity, he has been called upon to assume the responsi- 
bilities of public life. In 1863, and two succeeding 
years, he was elected to represent his district in the 
state Legislature, on the Democratic ticket. In 1868 
he was chosen presidential elector, and bore an able 
and efl"ective part in canvassing the state for the Demo- 
cratic candidates. In 1S76 he was again called upon to 
take a place on the electoral ticket, and again his voice 
was heard in the field in support of his candidates and 
their principles. His addresses are well delivered, log- 


1/7.UY ^^^^"^^^ 


3d Dtsl.] 



ical, clear, and to the point; and earnestness and sin- 
cerity mark all his oratorical efforts. He has always 
taken a lively interest in local politics, but has generally 
declined the cares of official position. November 23, 
1854, Mr. Howard married Miss Martha J. Roswell, 
daughter of James and Drusilla Roswell, of Clarke 
County, Indiana. She died February 19, 1872, leaving 
three children. September 8, 1873, Mr. Howard mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Roswell, sister of his former wife, 
by whom he has one child. He is particularly fortu- 
nate in his social and domestic relations, and enjoys the 
confidence and esteem of all who know him. 

OWK, GEORGE VAIL, of New Albany, wa= born 
in Charlestown, Clarke County, Indiana, September 

wk, one of the pioneer lawyers of the state. 

The Howk family are of German origin, but settled m 
Massachusetts early in the last century, and engaged 
chiefly in agriculture. Isaac Howk, the father of the 
subject of this sketch, was born on a farm in Berkshire 
County, Massachusetts, in July, 1793, and was educated 
at Williams College, in that county. In 181 7 he .settled 
in Charlestown, Indiana, and engaged in the practice of 
his profession. In 1S20 he married Miss Elvira Vail, a 
daughter of Doctor Gamaliel Vail, who had emigrated 
from Vermont to Indiana Territory in 1806. Their son, 
George V. Howk, grew to manhood m Charlestown, In- 
diana. His father died in 1833, but his mother devoted 
the remainder of a long life to the education, comfort, 
and happiness of her children. She died in New Al- 
bany, Indiana, September 15, 1869. Judge Howk grad- 
uated from Indiana Asbury University in the class of 
1846, under the presidency of Matthew Simpson, widely 
known as one of the bishops of the Methodist Church. 
Some of his classmates vv'ere, Newton Booth, United 
States Senator from California; James P. Luce, James M. 
Reynolds, and Joseph Tingley, now one of the professors 
of the college. He studied law with Judge Charles 
Dewey, who was for ten years a Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Indiana, and one of the ablest jurists the state 
has produced. He was admitted to the bar in 1847, 
and settled in New Albany. December 21, 1848, he mar- 
ried Miss Eleanor Dewey, the eldest daughter of Judge 
Charles Dewey, late of Charlestown. Mrs. Howk died 
April 12, 1853, leaving two young children. September 
5, 1854, he married Miss Jane Simonson, eldest daughter 
of General John S. Simonson, United States army, who 
still survives. They have two children, John S. and 
George V. Howk, junior; and one daughter, Jane S., 
the child of Judge Howk's first wife, is also living. In 
1852 and 1853 Judge Howk was city judge of New Al- 
bany; and from 1850 to 1864, during most of the time, 
A — 10 

was a member of the city council. In 1857 he was 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Floyd County; 
in 1863 he represented that county in the House, and 
from 1866 to 1870 he represented Floyd and Clarke 
Counties in the Senate of Indiana. He was chosen one 
of the Supreme Judges of Indiana at the general state 
election in October, 1876. Soon after taking his posi- 
tion on the bench, he gave promise of the great ability 
he has since displayed. His decisions are clear, concise, 
and conclusive, taking rank with those of the ablest 
jurists of the state; and his suavity of manner toward all 
with whom he comes in contact officially makes him 
very popular with the attorneys practicing at the bar of 
the Supreme Court. In politics Judge Howk is a Dem- 
ocrat. His mother was a Methodist, and he was edu- 
cated in a Methodist college, but is not a member of 
any religious denomination. His wife and children are 

tAY, ANDREW J., M. D., Charlestown, Clarke 
County, was born in the place of his residence 
April 8, 1822. His father, Andrew P. Hay, who 
"nj^ was also a physician, was a native of Harrisburg, 
Kentucky, studied medicine at Lexington and was surgeon 
in the Tippecanoe campaign, having been appointed by 
General Harrison. He settled in Indiana in 1815. His 
mother was a daughter of Doctor Isaac Gano, of Frank- 
fort, Kentucky. The Doctor himself comes from a line 
of physicians, a family noted for its number of great 
men in the medical profession. He received his early 
education in the common schools of the county, then at 
Clarke County Seminary, Hanover College, and Charles- 
town Academy, where he went through a full course 
under Professor James A. Nelson. On leaving school 
he entered upon the study of medicine at Charlestown 
with his father, at that time the leading practitioner of 
the county, and a man whose practice extended through 
no less than five counties. After studying for three 
years he attended his first course of lectures at Louis- 
ville Medical College, and in 1844 he took his second 
course at the same college. He then formed a partner- 
ship with his father at Charlestown, where he has re- 
mained ever since, and now enjoys the largest practice 
and is considered the leading physician of the county. 
While with Dr. Andrew P. Hay he spent at different times 
some three years in various places for the purpose of gain- 
ing information and experience, but since his father's 
death he has been confined to his native town. During 
the war he received a commission as first lieutenant of cav- 
alry in the provost-marshal's office, and was appointed 
commissary. In the session of 1847-48 he was elected 
clerk of the House of Representatives of the Indiana 
Legislature. In 1850 he was chosen a member of the 
House of Representatives from Clarke County, and in 




l86o lie was elected county clerk. He is a man of much 
public spirit, and is active in working for the benefit of 
his town and county. He was one of the leading spirits 
in building the pike between Charlestown and Jefferson- 
ville, a road that has proved a great boon, and of which 
he is secretary. He is a member of the county medical 
society, and has been a delegate to the state association. 
He has been a member of the Masonic Order for twenty- 
five years, and has been Grand Master of the state ; he 
has held all offices in the Grand Lodge, and has taken 
all degrees up to Knight Templar. He is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church, of which he has been an elder 
for several years. In politics he is an active Republi- 
can. Born and brought up a Whig, he joined the Re- 
publican ranks on the formation of the party, and has 
been a member of the state central committee several 
times, always taking an active interest in each canvass. 
In 1848 he married Rebecca C. Garnett, of Washington, 
Pennsylvania, who died in 1866, leaving two daughters 
and one son, who is now a lawyer practicing at Madi- 
son. In 1868 he married Virginia L. Naylor, daughter 
of Judge Naylor, of Crawfordsville, Indiana, who has 
now two young daughters attending school. Dr. Hay 
is a man of splendid physique, in the enjoymenr of fine 
mental and physical powers, and is an educated and 
courteous gentleman. 

fILL, JAMES WOODS, merchant, of Vernon, was 
born in Jennings County November 26, 1820. 
His father, Thomas, who emigrated from Ken- 
ukj tucky to Jennings County in 1817, was a Baptist 
minister, continuing his ministry until his death, which 
took place in 1877. He was a man widely known and 
highly esteemed and beloved, and was one of the pio- 
neer ministers of the southern part of the state. His 
mother, Susan Beester, a most worthy and estimable 
woman, who devoted her time to the careful training 
and education of her family, departed this life in 1870. 
James W. received an ordinary school education, such 
as the country at the time afforded, and as a boy made 
the most of his opportunities. On leaving school, at the 
age of nineteen, he for some six years occupied his win- 
ters in teaching school, and worked on a farm during the 
.summer months. In 1850 he embarked in general mer- 
cantile business in the town of Paris, in the southern 
part of Jennings County, where he enjoyed a successful 
career until January, 1861, when he removed to Vernon, 
engaging in the same occupation, in which he long con- 
tinued, meeting with uniform success. Having gained 
for himself a competency, in January, 1880, he sold his 
stock and business interest to his son, who succeeds 
him. When a young man he for .some time held the 
rank of captain of militia, receiving his appointment 
from Governor Whitcnmb. He has held office for many 

years. He has been township trustee, a member of the 
board of county commissioners, and also served on the 
school board. He became a Republican on the organiza- 
tion of that party, with which he has ever since affiliated. 
Mr. Hill joined the Baptist Church in 1843, ^f'd has 
been its clerk for some years. He is superintendent of 
the Sunday-school, with which he has been connected 
some nineteen years, and is also president of the County 
Sunday-school Convention. He was married, in August, 
1841, to Sarah J. Brandon, the daughter of John Brandon, 
a farmer of Jennings County, now deceased. They have 
two sons living, both of whom are married. Mr. Hill 
is a man of good personal appearance, and is in the 
enjoyment of full health and vigor of mind and body. 
He is a man of honor, integrity, and uprightness, be- 
loved i>y his family, and respected by the community 
of which he has been so long a member. 

fENNINGS, JONATHAN, Governor of Indiana, 
Tvas born near Hunterdon, New Jersey. He re- 
ceived an academic education, and removed to 

y^S the North-west Territory late in the last century. 
When the territory was organized he became the first 
delegate, taking his seat after some opposition. He was 
three times elected, and when Indiana became a state he 
was the first Governor. In this office he served for six 
years, also acting as Indian commissioner in 1818, by 
appointment of President Monroe. At the conclusion of 
his term as Governor he was elected Representative in 
Congress, and was re-chosen for four terms in succession. 
He was nearly all his life in public office, and filled his 
places acceptably. He was a member of the Masonic 
Fraternity, and was elected Grand Master of the state in 

1824. He died near Charlestown, July 26, 1834. 

fEWETT, CHARLES L., attorney, Scottsburg, was 
born October 6, 1848, in Hanover, Indiana, being 
ly/fc the only son of Jonathan and Mary (Wells) Reid. 
V^d His father died when the boy was an infant, and his 
mother married Judge P. H. Jewett, who adopted him as 
a son, and by legal process had his name changed to 
Jewett. At the age of fifteen he entered the State Uni- 
versity at Bloomington, where he remained until 1S66, 
when he was admitted to the college at Hanover, and 
studied for one year. His health failing, he left school 
and removed to Montana Territory, where he was suc- 
cessively prospector, gold miner, and government sur- 
veyor. In the latter capacity he surveyed all the lands 
lying near the head waters of the Missouri River. 
These two years of pioneer life restored his health, and 
secured for him a physical stamina and development, as 

^d Dist.^ 



well as a fund of experience, which will no doubt be of 
great benefit to him throughout his life. Returning to 
his native state in 1869, he prepared to enter upon the 
profession to which he had directed all his studies, and 
toward which all his efforts were now bent. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar at New Albany, October 6 of the 
same year, and immediately commenced practice. Oc- 
tober 16, 1869, he was chosen Justice of the Peace, but 
he resigned within one year. In 1871 he was appointed 
deputy prosecuting attorney of Scott County, and in 
1872 was elected district attorney for the district com- 
posed of Scott, Clarke, Floyd, Washington, and Ham- 
son Counties. In March, 1873, he was appointed by 
Governor Hendricks prosecutor for the Fifth Judicial 
Circuit, and in October of that year was elected to the 
same office for a full term. He was re-elected in 1S74, 
and continued to hold the position until October 22, 
1877. In 1878 he was the Democratic candidate for 
Judge of the Fifth Circuit. Though a young man, Mr. 
Jevvett is one of the acknowledged leaders of the Dem- 
ocratic party in his district, having been a member of 
the state central committee in 1876, and is at present 
chairman of the county central committee. He is an 
organizer of rare ability and tact, and an able lawyer. 
He is a member of the Episcopal Church, and is re- 
garded by all who know him as a gentleman of culture, 
enterprise, and influence. With youth and ability to aid 
him, he will no doubt make his mark in the world so 
plainly that those yet to come shall hot fail to see the 

'^[^ERR, MICHAEL C, was born at Titusville, 
Pennsylvania, March 15, 1827. "He received an 

versity in 1851. lie was an ardent and indefatigable 
student from an early age until the close of his life. His 
attainments in the broad fields of general knowledge 
were more than ordinary, while in the branches more 
directly allied to his public duties, such as political 
economy, the science of government, parliamentary law, 
etc., his acquirements were extensive and duly acknowl- 
edged by his contemporaries. He taught school for some 
time in Kentucky, and settled in New Albany, Indiana, 
where he afterwards permanently resided. He began 
the practice of law in New Albany in 1852, was elected 
city attorney in 1854, and prosecuting attorney of Floyd 
County in 1855 ; was a member of the state Legislature 
in 1856 and 1857 ; was elected reporter of the Supreme 
Court of Indiana in 1862, and during his term of office 
edited five volumes of reports; was elected a Representa- 
tive to the Thirty-ninth, Fortieth, Forty-first, and Forty- 
second Congresses; was the Democratic candidate at 
large for Representative to the Forty-third Congress, but 

[S\ academic education, and graduated with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Laws at the Louisville Uni- 

was defeated by the small majority of one hundred and 
sixty-two votes; he was elected in 1874 to the Forty- 
fourth Congress by a majority of thirteen hundred and 
nine. But the crowning honor of his public career was 
his election to the speakership of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, at its organization in 1S75. ^^''- Kerr made 
an able and impartial presiding officer, and commanded 
the undivided respect of all parties. For some time pre- 
vious to his election to the speakership his health had 
begun to fail, from the insidious progress of a serious 
pulmonary aff'ection, which was quickened to action by 
the arduous duties of his office, forcing him, before the 
close of the first session, to seek relief from his toils and 
sufferings by a sojourn among the mountains of Virginia. 
But the disease had gained too much headway, and his 
death took place on the 19th of August, 1876, at the 
Alum Springs, in Rockbridge County, Virginia. His 
noble qualities of heart and mind endeared him to a 
large circle of acquaintances and friends. His death 
was regretted by the whole country. 


'^[$A FOLl 
H of Floy 

FOLLETTE, D. W., of New Albany, ex-Judge 
lyd County Court of Common Pleas, is one 
of eleven children of Robert La Follette, who 
SJ% emigrated to the then territory of Indiana No- 
vember 5, 1804. The preceding day he had married 
Miss Martha Sampson, and together they had crossed 
the Ohio River and pitched their tent about three- 
fourths of a mile east of Knob Creek, which loca- 
tion he had previously selected. Here, in the unbroken 
wilderness, surrounded by the dusky forms of the friendly 
Indians, they resolved to make their future home and 
commence' the battle of life. They remained in camp 
until Mr. La Follette had made a clearing, cut logs, 
and built a cabin. This was the first house built in 
Floyd County, and the young wife was the first white 
woman who settled there. Their nearest white neigh- 
bors were ten miles below them, in Harrison County, 
and the next twelve miles above, in Clarsville, opposite 
I he falls. The Shawnee Indians were their immediate 
neighbors, and with them tliey lived on the most peace- 
able terms. When marauding tribes from other sections 
made their appearance in the vicinity, Mrs. La Follette 
was warned by her Indian friends, and sent across the 
river to her people, while her husband joined the expe- 
ditions to drive them back. They underwent all the 
hardships of pioneer life; a rude cabin, with a floor of 
split logs, sheltered them, and a table, bed, and other 
furniture, of split boards, were the household equip- 
ments of the young settlers. Game and fish were abun- 
dant, but they had besides only corn, either parched or 
ground, and broken into coarse meal. Mr. La Follette 
continued to reside where he first settled, and when thr 



{3d Disl. 

division line lietween CInrke and Harrison Counties was 
drawn he was thrown into Clarke County, and paid his 
share towards building the first court-house, at Charles- 
town, the county seat. A few years afterward he moved 
into Harrison County, and helped to build, by special 
tax, the court-house at Corydon ; and, later, when Floyd 
County was organized, he found himself in that county, 
and paid his proportion of the levy to build the 
■ first court-house at New Albany. He remained on 
the farm to which he had removed from the vicin- 
ity of Knob Creek, until his death, which occurred 
in January, 1867, when he was eighty-nine years 
old. He had resided in the limits of what is now 
Floyd County for sixty-two years, and his wife sixty-one 
years. She died a year before her husband, at seventy- 
nine years of age. Robert La Follette was, in all his re- 
lations, an eminently good man and a conscientious 
Christian. His house was, for many years, used for 
meetings by the regular Baptist minister, and pioneer 
preachers of all denominations were cordially welcomed. 
While he was conscientiously religious, he was also re- 
ligiously conscious of his duty to kill hostile Indians, 
and never missed an opportunity of joining in the chase. 
From the preceding short sketch of his father it will be 
seen that the early opportunities of D. W. La Follette 
must have been very limited ; but the early instructions 
of a pioneer mother took root like seed fallen on good 
ground. He was born the thirteenth day of September, 
1825, and early in life learned that honest toil is the 
surest road to prosperity. By his own labor he acquired 
the means to defray his expenses at the state university, 
and graduated from the law department. He afterwards 
studied law with Hon. W. A. Porter, at Corydon, Indi- 
ana, was admitted to the bar in 1849, in the twenty- 
fourth year of his age, and immediately commenced the 
practice of his profession at Corydon. In 1852 he was 
elected prosecuting attorney for the Court of Common 
Pleas by a large majority. In 1855 he removed to New 
Albany and formed a partnership with Hon. James Col- 
lins. In 1858 he was elected Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Floyd County. In 1872 he was ap- 
pointed Judge of the Criminal Circuit Court of Floyd 
and Clarke Counties, but declined, and became prosecut- 
ing attorney of the district. In 1873 he was appointed 
one of the law professors in the state university, and 
filled the chair one year, with credit to himself and the 
institution. Since then he has devoted his lime to the 
practice of his profession, and is now city attorney of 
New Albany, Indiana. He has been twice married. 
His second wife is still living, and they have a family of 
three children, two sons and one daughter — Mattie M., 
Marian G., and Harry C. Judge La Follette is a mem- 
ber of the Christian Church, and takes an active part in 
all benevolent enterprises. He is an active member of 
the Independent Order of Odd-fellows and Knights of 

Pythias, having filled the highest oflicial positions in 
both orders in the jurisdiction of Indiana. He is en- 
tirely a self-made man, and is a respected and influen- 
tial citizen. 

iJlJfANN, JOHN, merchant, of New Albany, was 
7:i|:l born May 28, 1814, in Ontario County, New 
£y.\ York. His parents, Peter and Sarah (Lyons) 
4''%^ Mann, emigrated to Indiana in 1817, and settled 
in Utica, Clarke County. They had twelve children, 
seven sons and five daughters, all of whom became hon- 
ored members of society. At this date (1879), six of the 
sons and one daughter are living. Mr. Mann's paternal 
grandfather was descended from Protestant ancestors, 
and emigrated to this country from Ireland ; his grand- 
mother, whose maiden name was Chandler, was of 
German descent. His grand-parents on his mother's side 
were both of English ancestry, and were among the 
earliest settlers in the colonies. Peter Mann was born 
in the state of New York in 17S0, and died in 1847, 'n 
Clarke County, Indiana, aged sixty-eight. His wife, 
born in New Jersey in 1785, died in i860. They both 
united with the religious denomination known as the 
New Light, under the preaching of Judge Clem Nantz, 
in Clarke County, and were zealous, pious, and consist- 
ent Christians. The early teachings of the mother 
afterward proved to have been seed sown in good ground. 
In 1832 John Mann engaged on a fleet of steamboats in the 
government service, to clear out the drift in the channel of 
the Red River, and was thus occupied five months. These 
were the first steamboats that ever penetrated as far as 
Shreveport, Louisiana, and it took them thirty days to 
make the trip from Red River to New Albany, now 
accomplished in from five to seven days. The next two 
years he assisted his brother Lewis, and then, procuring 
a team and outfit, worked in his own interest two years 
more. At the end of that time, being twenty-two years 
of age, and feeling that his education was insufficient, 
he studied one term under Mr. Brownlee, and another 
under Mr. Kennedy, at Mt. Tabor. The next four 
years he spent as traveling salesman ; the first for Mr. 
E. R. Day ; the second for Kellogg & Co., both book 
and stationery merchants ; the third for Dr. Maginness, 
in the sale of drugs ; and the fourth on his own ac- 
count, with a general assortment of light goods and 
notions. He then, in company with Mr. Louis Web- 
ber, fitted up a trading boat for the sale of dry-goods, 
groceries, and hardware, between New Albany and 
Memphis. He was clerk one year for Connor & Co., 
and for Connor & Reineking the same length of time, 
after which, in 1847, at the age of thirty-three — having 
accumulated a few hundred dollars — he engaged in an 
enterprise the success of which proved his good judg- 
ment. He opened a small retail grocery on Main Street, 

Sd Dist.\ 



between Bank and Pearl Streets, in a room fourteen feet 
front by sixty deep. Here, with no help but a young 
boy, he continued seven years, his untiring devotion to 
business winning many friends. By degrees he increased 
his capital until, about i860, he removed to State Street, 
renting a store, which he afterwards purchased. Upon 
this removal he restricted his business to the wholesale 
trade, thus dealing only with merchants, and the value 
of his four years' experience and wide acquaintance as 
traveling salesman began to be realized. In 1874, hav- 
ing been in business alone for twenty-seven years, Mr. 
Mann admitted to partnership two young men who had 
been in his store from boyhood, the firm name being J. 
Mann & Co. Five years later the name was changed to 
Mann & Fawcette, the junior, Mr. Elwood Fawcette, 
having been also in the former partnership. In 1836, 
under the preaching of Rev. Samuel K. Sneed, of Mt. 
Tabor, Mr. Mann joined the Second Presbyterian Church, 
and has served as deacon for several years. He is a 
worthy citizen, and is highly honored by all. He has 
been married three times: first, on the 4th of January, 
1849, to Miss Amanda A. Graham, daughter of John K. 
and Elizabeth (Weach) Graham. She died April 14, 
1851. A year later he married Miss Angeline Graham, 
sister of his former wife, who died May 5, 1872. Both 
of these sisters left the memory of lives lovely for their 
domestic and Christian graces; and their many excel- 
lencies have exercised a lasting influence for good. June 
25, 1873, he married Miss Mary L. Very, daughter of 
Martin and Eliza Very, and granddaughter of John K. 
Graham. April 13, 1874, his first child, John Horace 
Mann, was born; Mary Angeline was born December 
27, 1876; Robert was born January 19, 1880. John K. 
Graham, whose daughters Mr. Mann married, was of 
Scotch-Irish descent. He came from Pennsylvania to 
New Albany when the latter contained but a few log 
houses, becoming one of the earliest settlers of South- 
ern Indiana. He surveyed and platted the city, in 
the employ of the Scribners, and was employed by 
the state in surveying and locating the Wabash Canal. 
He was one of the members of the Convention that 
framed the old state Constitution at Corydon in 1816. 
He was several times elected to the state Legislature, 
and served with fidelity in every position to which he 
was called. He died in 1841. Martin Very, father of 
Mr. Mann's third wife, was also one of the early set- 
tlers of Floyd County. His father, Francis Very, was 
of French descent; and his mother, whose maiden name 
was Rhoda Lawrence, was of English parentage. His 
parents died when he was quite young; and, though in 
a new country, he met life's vicissitudes with an indom- 
itable will and a stout heart. At an early day, in part- 
nership with his brother, Lawson Very, he carried on 
a saw-mill on Silver Creek, about three miles from New 
Albany. They were among the first in the West to in- 

troduce the gang-saws for preparing lumljer for steam- 
boat hulls — steamboat building being then extensively 
carried on in New Albany ; up to this time lumber for 
such purposes having been cut by the hand or whip- 
saw. They afterward engaged in running a flour-mill, 
wluch proved a successful enterprise. Later, Martin 
Very purchased his brother's interest in the mills, which 
were soon after destroyed by fire. He then built a 
steamboat, the "Ruby," which he ran in the southern 
trade, but it sank ; and, as he had no insurance on either 
mills or boat, the loss was too great to be repaired. Yet 
his energy did not fail, but characterized his life to its 
latest hour. He was a member of the Third Presby- 
terian Church, of New Albany. In 1870, at the age 
of sixty-three years, he died. His daughter, Mrs. Mary 
L. Mann, is a lady of refined literary taste, and a thor- 
ough Bible student. Since her early youth she has been 
a member and an earnest worker in the Second Presby- 
terian Church, of her native city. 

fANN, PETER, merchant, of New Albany, was 
born in Ontario County, New York, May 15, 
181 2, and is the brother of John Mann, a sketch 
of whose life appears in another part of this 
work. He left his home at seventeen years of age and 
came to New Albany, where he found employment at 
various pursuits until he was twenty years old. He then 
shipped on board the United States government engin- 
eering and surveying boat, on the Ohio River. After 
remaining there about six months he returned to New 
Albany, and, being soon enabled to purchase a team, en- 
gaged in the occupation of teamster until 1835, at which 
tune he had succeeded in saving five hundred dollars. 
With this he went into the saw-mill and lumber busi- 
ness, which he conducted safely until 1848, when he 
purchased the plat of grouna now occupied by the Star 
Glass Works, on which he built a saw-mill. In 1849 
Mr. John McCullough purchased a half interest in this 
mill, and they continued in partnership until 1855, when 
Mr. Mann sold to his partner and purchased the site of 
the present mill, on which he built a flour-mill with 
three runs of stone. This was destroyed by fire Decem 
ber 4, 1870, and by the following .-August he had erected 
a mill of double the capacity of the former, complete in 
every department. He has always enjoyed a very large 
and profitable trade, and is one of the most successful 
business men of his city. He is a Republican, but is 
little interested in politics. On the 24th of September, 
1854, Mr. Mann married Miss Lydia Chew, of Floyd 
County. She died April 14, 1853, leaving two daugh- 
ters, who are both married to highly respectable farmers 
of Clarke County. March 15, 1858, Mr. Mann married 
Miss Elizabeth B. Lightner, daughter of Jacob Light- 



\3d Dist. 

ner, of New Albany. Their three children are named, 
respectively, Eva B., James H., and Peter B. Mann. 
Mr. Mann is a member of the New Albany Third Pres- 
byterian Church. He is still hale and active, and gives 
close attention to his business. 

TaRSHALL, WILLIAM K., attorney, of Sey- 
mour, was born in Jefferson County, Indiana, 
C^S.'l October 12, 1824, and is the eldest son of Thomas 
■i^a' and Sarah (Cakinneai) Marshall. His father did 
valuable service in the American army during the War 
of 1812, after which he followed the occupation of a 
farmer. At the age of twenty, William Marshall en- 
tered the college at Hanover, Indiana, where he spent 
four years, and was then compelled to abandon his 
studies on account of impaired health. This was a 
great trial to the young student, who was always at the 
head of his classes, and who would have graduated the 
following year. After a year spent in recruiting his 
health he began the study of law, was admitted to the bar 
in March, 1851, and commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession in Lexington, Scott County, where he had pre- 
viously moved. In 1856 he was elected treasurer of 
Scott County, and was re-elected in 1858. In 1864 he 
removed to Seymour, Indiana, where he has since been 
engaged in the practice of his profession. Through his 
ability and close attention to business, he has established 
a tine practice, and is acknowledged to be the leading 
jurist in the county, if not in the district. Mr. Mar- 
shall has had many important railroad cases, having 
acted as the attorney of the Jeffersonville, Madison and 
Indianapolis Railroad, and carried to a successful termi- 
nation a most important case against the Ohio and Mis- 
sissippi Railroad. He was married, November I, 1854, 
to Fidelia Childs, daughter of a wealthy farmer of Jef- 
lerson County. They have a most interesting family of 
SIX children. Mr. Marshall is an active, earnest Repub- 
lican , he has been for years a member of the central 
committee of his county, and has represented his party 
in the state conventions. In religion he is a Presbyte- 
rian. He is highly respected as a lawyer and gentle- 
man, and commands in an eminent degree the esteem 
and confidence of the community in which he resides. 

JjITaIN, REUBEN P., merchant, of New Albany, 
Jjll "^^^ born on a small farm at North Slonington, 
CrpJ3 Connecticut, September 29, 1824. Mis father, 

■'• ' '^ Rufus Main, and his mother, Sabra (Wells) 
Main, daughter of Thomas and Phoebe Wells, were 
both rtativcs of Stonington. Their families emigrated 
from England, and were among the early settlers of the 

colonies. His grandfather, Rufus Main, was a soldier 
in the Revolutionary War, and fought in the battle of 
Stonington. Reuben !Main is one of a family of twelve 
children, and received early instruction from a kind 
mother. He worked on the farm in summer and attended 
school in winter until he was fourteen years of age. 
He then went to New York City and was employed in 
the wholesale grocery and provision store of his two 
brothers for about six years, when, becoming convinced 
that a wider field was open to him in the West, he 
started, in 1847, for Cincinnati, Ohio. There he en- 
gaged in the grocery and provision trade one year, and 
then went to Louisville, Kentucky, where he continued 
the business until 1853. He then removed to New Al- 
bany, where he has carried on a successful wholesale 
grocery and produce trade, and has also dealt exten- 
sively in grain and flour and' engaged in milling. He 
owns a considerable amount of bank stock, and also 
stock in glass and iron manufacturing companies. He 
has always given his personal attention to his business, 
and has built up a large and profitable trade. Mr. Main 
thinks much but talks little, and claims the right to 
vote for the best man regardless of party. In 1878 he 
was nominated by the National Greenback party as 
candidate for state Treasurer, and received a vote largely 
in excess of his ticket, which was in a minority in the 
state. Mr. Main has been twice married ; first, to Mat- 
tie E. Neal, daughter of Charles and Maria Neal, of 
Louisville, Kentucky; she died in 1871, leaving three 
children — Laymond P., Reuben F., and Victoria E. 
Main. In February, 1872, he married Miss Hattie J. 
Knepfiy, daughter of John and Margaret Knepfly, of 
New Albany. They have two children, John K. and 
William L. Main. With his family Mr. Main attends 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. He occupies a prom- 
inent position in social and business circles, and is :i 
valuable and respected citizen. 


ijilcCORD, ROBERT C, one of 
J*)'! I citizens of New Albany, is a 
%^lS ter, Virginia, where he wa 

the most prominent 
native of Winches- 
. ,. ---, . irginia, wliere he was born in August, 
^^.'^' ir 1828. His father was a dry-goods merchant, and 
his son was educated with a view to the same business. 
At the age of ten years he emigrated to Indiana with 
his uncle, and settled in Harrison County. Ten years 
later he removed to New Albany, and made a contract 
with Mr. W. S. Culbertson for three years' service in 
his wholesale house, at one hundred dollars for the first 
year, one hundred and twenty-five for the second, and 
for the third one hundred and fifty. During the sec- 
ond year a situation was offered to Mr. McCord at six 
hundred dollars per annum, but he refused it on account 
of his contract with Mr. Culbertson. Some time after- 

>,i Dist.] 



ward the latter asked liim in regard to the matter, and 
upon a final settlement generously made his salary equal 
to what he had refused. At the expiration of the orig- 
inal agreement a new one was made, which existed for 
two years, when Mr. McCord entered into a copartner- 
ship with his employer, and for five years Ihey carried 
on business together with gratifying success. Mr. Mc- 
Cord was one of the best salesmen in the city, and 
merchants eagerly sought to secure his services. In 
December, 1861, his copartnership with Mr. Culbertson 
was dissolved, and in the following January he entered 
into copartnership with Mr. Lawrence Bradley in the dry- 
goods business, under the firm name of McCord & Bradley. 
This partnership lasted ten years, and during that time a 
branch house was established in Louisville. During all 
Mr. McCord's successful mercantile career, the trans- 
actions of the firms with which he has been connected 
have amounted to from five hundred thousand to eight 
hundred thousand dollars per annum, and not a note has 
been protested, a compromise made, or a payment refused. 
When the New Albany Woolen Mill Company was reor- 
ganized, in 1S66, he became a stockholder, and upon the 
erection of the buildings they were called the McCord & 
Bradley Woolen Mills. This enterprise, like all others 
with which Mr. McCord has been connected, has proved 
eminently prosperous, and is to-day a source of revenue 
to the stockholders. Li 1873 Mr. McCord, in conjunc- 
tion with other parties, opened a large wholesale hat 
establishment in Louisville, under the firm name of 
McCord, Boomer & Co., which has done a large trade, 
especially in the North. In all his business life Mr. 
McCord has been exceedingly fortunate, not a year hav- 
ing passed without adding to his wealth; and this suc- 
cess is deserved, since it has been reached by untiring 
devotion and energy. In November, 1856, he married 
Miss Stoy, sister of Mr. Peter Stoy, of New Albany. 
She is a lady of rare accomplishments, and has proved 
an admirable companion, promoting peace and harmony, 
and rendering their home an earthly paradise. Mr. 
McCord is held by his fellow-citizens and neighbors in 
the highest esteem, and by all classes is regarded as a 
trentleman of the strictest intcgritv. 

/ JVERS, PETER, retired merchant, of Jefferson- 
y I ville, Clarke County, was born in Herkimer 
^.^3 County, New York, March 29, 1812. His ])ar- 
'I'^V^ents, Michael I. and Eveline (Deigert) Myers, 
were both of German descent, and their families were 
among the earliest settlers in the Mohawk Valley. They 
were eye-witnesses of many of the stirring scenes in the 
War of the Revolution, and were sufferers from the 
Indian depredations of those unsettled times. In 1S17 
the parents removed to Cincinnati, and thence to near 

Dayton, Ohio, from which place they emigrated to Jef- 
fersonville, Indiana, in the fall of 1819. The father 
was a contractor on the old Indiana Canal, and subse- 
quently on the Miami Canal. He died in Butler County, 
Ohio, in 1827, while engaged in the latter work. His 
devoted wife survived him several years, and died at 
the age of eighty-one. Peter Myers was the youngest 
of a family of nine children, and was enabled to ac- 
quire only such limited instruction as was afforded by 
the primitive schools of the day. After the death of 
his father he lesided one year with a brother-in-law 
near Dayton, Ohio. In 1829 he commenced to rely 
upon his own resources, and became clerk in a store at 
a salary of fifty dollars a year. Two years later he as- 
sumed the charge of a small store owned by Mr. Keig- 
win, which he managed until the stock was sold out. 
Meanwhile, he had gained a reputation as a most useful 
and successful salesman, his services were eagerly sought, 
and he made many friends. lie served as clerk for va- 
rious employers until 1835, when he obtained charge of 
the steam ferry-boat between Jeffersonville and Louis- 
ville, occupying this position for five years. He then 
went into the dry-goods business with Levi Sparks, 
afterwards mayor of Jeffersonville, then commencing on 
a small scale, but, by prudence, economy and good 
management, built up a good business. After five years 
he sold his interest to Mr. Sparks, and went into partner- 
ship with Mr. French, who was known as one of the finest 
boat-builders on the Ohio River. This partnership con- 
tinued for five years, and the firm of French & Myers 
built some of the best boats of that time. In 1851, his 
health becoming impaired, he sold out his interest, and 
again opened a dry-goods store. After five years more 
he entered the lumber trade with his former partner, 
under the firm name of Myers & French. This was in 
1861, just before the country was involved in civil war. 
After the outbreak of the war Mr. French became 
discouraged by the gloomy outlook ; he made a 
proposition to sell out to Mr. Myers, which was ac- 
cepted, and the latter continued the business, with great 
success, during the whole period of the war, accumulat- 
ing considerable property. In 1872 he gave his lumber 
business to his sons, Peter F. and Charles H. Myers, 
who still continue it. During his business career Mr. 
Myers gained the enviable record of a strictly honorable 
and conscientious merchant. He was a persistent oppo- 
nent of the credit system, and always paid cash for his 
goods, so that he was enabled to keep entirely free from 
debt. He was never sued for an account, and never 
entered into a contract which he failed to fulfill. 
His strict attention to business has kept him out of 
politics. Residing in an overwhelmingly Democratic city 
and county, he has always been a strict Republican. In 
1879, against his expressed desire, he was nominated 
by his party for city treasurer, and cut down the usual 



[ja Bis/. 

Democratic majority to an unprecedented degree. He 
lias been a member of the Methodist Episcoiial Church 
for over forty years; and has been a consistent tempei-- 
ance man — having 1)een a member of the first American 
Temperance Society, the " Washingtonians." He is also 
a Good Templar and a Mason. Mr. Myers has married 
twice, and is blessed with a numerous family. April 5, 
1837, he married Miss Elizabeth Nurse, of Utica, New 
York, who died in 1849. In 1S50 he married Rachel 
Jacobs, of Clarke County, member of one of the oldest 
and most extensive families in Utica Township. The 
four surviving children of his first wife are William T., 
Charles H., Elizabeth H. (now Mrs. Edward Heller), 
and Peter F. Six children by his second wife are living, 
viz.: Fannie S., wife of Rev. J. W. Dashiell, Indiana 
Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church; Martha E.; 
Newton H., assistant secretary Ford Glass Company; 
Basil E., Mary A., and Rachel E., the latter now twelve 
years old. Mr. Myers is one of the directors of the 
Ford Glass Company, one of the most prominent indus- 
tries in Jefi'ersonville ; and has been more or less iden- 
tified with every public enterprise in that city. He has 
paid taxes in Jefifersonville since his eighteenth year, 
and has never cast a vote outside of the township. He 
is remarkably well-preserved in appearance, is straight- 
forward and unassuming in his manners, and inspires 
respect and confidence in all who approach him. 

fOBLE, JAMES, Governor of the state of Indiana, 
was born at Battletown, Virginia. He emigrated 
to the frontier when a youth, first settling in Ken- 
tucky, and afterwards in Indiana. When the state 
was admitted into the Union he was chosen a United 
Slates Senator, and held the position until his death, 
February 26, 1831, a period of fifteen years. His de- 
cease occurred in Washington City, during the session 
of Congress. 

>.<9J<!^KO — 

|RATHER, colonel HIRAM, late of North 
Vernon, was born October 13, 1809, in Clarke 
County, Indiana. His father, one of the veterans 
^S'"* of the War of 1812, was William Prather, and his 
mother was Lettice McCarroll. The son had no educa- 
tional advantages, Init by his energy and industry he 
managed to obtain a good practical English education. 
In 1815 his father removed to Jennings County, and by 
sturdy pioneer labor father and son cleared a space in 
the wilderness and convertcil it into a farm. I lore Hi- 
ram Prather lived until 1S52. lie then sold his farm 
and removed to North Vernon, where he built one of 
the first houses erected in that place, residing there until 
his death, which occurred March 27, 1874. During his 

life of sixty-five years, Mr. Prather was a leading man 
in his county and state, and held many positions of honor 
and trust. He was elected treasurer of Jennings County 
in 1838, and during 1847, 1848, and 1849 represented that 
county in the state Legislature. He was again elected in 
1857, and in 1867, and was also a member of the slate 
Constitutional Convention in 1850. When the Civil War 
broke out he at once espoused the cause of the Union ; 
and, having been largely instrumental in recruiting the 
6th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, he was commissioned its 
lieutenant-colonel. He served with his regiment in all 
its campaigns, until May, 1862, when he was compelled 
to resign on account of his health. During his army 
life he held many important trusts, being a portion of 
the time on the staff of General Morris, and at one time 
having charge of the post at Webster, Western Virginia 
He was noted in the army for his courage and valor, and 
was loved by the men who served under him for hi3 
fatherly care and constant watchfulness of their interests. 
Upon his return from the field, he devoted a great por- 
tion of his time to the work of raising recruits, and in 
many material ways rendered valuable service to the 
great war governor, Mr. Morton — of whom he was a 
warm personal friend — in carrying the Union cause to 
victory. Few men gave as effective aid to the govern- 
ment as Mr. Prather, in the great struggle from i86l to 
1865. He bore to his grave the honorable scars received 
at Shiloh, while seven of his sons served at one time in 
the Union army. In politics Mr. Prather was a Whig, 
and afterwards a Republican. In religion he was a 
Methodist. He was married, in 1834, to Mary A. Iluck- 
elberry, of Charlestown, Indiana, the daughter of a 
wealthy farmer. Of this union were born fifteen chil- 
dren, eleven sons and four daughters, of whom eight 
sons and four daughtei-s are still living. The eldest son, 
Allen W. Prather, a captain in the 6th and afterwards 
colonel of the 120th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, is now 
a praticing lawyer in Indianapolis. The second son, 
Uriah C, captain in the 82d Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 
now lives in Mt. Auburn, Indiana, where he is a prac- 
ticing physician. The third son, Alonzo S., lieutenant 
in the 6th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, is an attorney in 
Harrison, Arkansas. The fourth son, William B., a ser- 
geant in the 54th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, is a civil 
engineer in Jennings County. The fifth, Leander H., 
was a lieutenant in the 140th Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, and is now an attorney in Harrison, Arkansas. 
The sixth son, Walter S., now postmaster at North Ver- 
non, was a private in the 137th Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry. The seventh son, John Q., was a private in the 
137th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Andrew H. and 
Theodore are now living in North Vernon. Of the four 
daughters, Ara E. married a farmer, Mr. L. J. Jackson, 
of Shelby County, Indiana; Mary A. married Doctor A. 
B. Light; FA\/..\ J. married John Keelar, a farmer of 

3d Disl.\ 



Jennings County, Indiana; and Susan C. married Mi- 
chael Coryell, a farmer of the same county. The Prather 
family are closely identified with the growth and pros- 
perity of Jennings County, and point with a just pride 
to the record of Colonel Hiram Prather, their father, as 
their best inheritance. 

S)RATHER, WALTER S., of North Vernon, where 
he is at present postmaster, is the sixth .son of 
Colonel Hiram Prather, for many years a promi- 
(TQ nent and respected citizen of that place. He has 
had fair educational advantages, which he has appre- 
ciated and improved. After receiving a good common 
school education, he attended Asbury University, at 
Greencastle, which he left to enter the army during the 
late Civil War. He enlisted as a private in the 137th 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and served until honorably 
discharged in 1865. After leaving the army he engaged 
in the drug business for some time. In 1S72 he was 
appointed postmaster at North Vernon, which position 
he has since filled. He was married, August 16, 1870, 
to Miss Kate Kyle, daughter of Doctor J. W. Kyle, of 
North Vernon. They have two children. In politics 
Mr. Prather is an earnest Republican. He is a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The family to 
which he belongs is one of the largest in Southern In- 
diana, and is widely and favorably known throughout 
the state. 


|OSEY, THOMAS, Governor of the territory of In- 
diana, was a native of Virginia. He was born not 
far from Alexandria, on the 9th of July, 1750. In 
1774 he was engaged in the expedition originated 
by Dunmore, the last royal Governor of Virginia, against 
the Indians, being present at the battle of Point Pleas- 
ant. On the outbreak of the Revolution he was en- 
gaged on the patriot side, fought against Dunmore, his 
former commander, and afterwards joined Washington's 
army. He was at the battle of Bemis Heights, as a cap- 
tain, under Colonel Morgan, and his men did excellent 
service as sharpshooters in that conflict. In 1779 he was 
colonel of the Ilth Virginia Regiment, and afterwards 
commanded a battery under General Wayne. He was 
engaged in the storming of Stony Point, was at the 
capitulation of Cornwallis, and continued in the service 
until peace was declared. In 1793 he was appointed a 
brigadier-general of the Army of the North-west, and, 
being pleased with the appearance of the new country, 
settled in Kentucky not long after. In that state he 
was a member of the state Senate, being the president 
of that body from November 4, 1805, to November 3, 
l8o6, and, in addition, performing the duties of the 
Lieutenant-governor. He removed to Louisiana in 1812, 

and was elected to the United States Senate from that 
state. He was appointed Governor of Indiana in 1813 
by President Madison, and served till 1816. He died in 
Shawneetown, Illinois, March ig, 1818. 

AMSEY, JUDGE SAMUEL, attorney-at-law, of • 
Corydon, Harrison County, was born in Kentucky, 
January 26, 1830. His parents, William and Mary 
Ramsey, who were farmers, removed to Indiana 
vi'hen he was an infant. He attended such common 
schools as the times aflbrded, and being of a studious 
nature, and making the most of his opportunities, suc- 
ceeded in acquiring a good plain education. On leav- 
ing school, he worked on his father's farm until the 
age of eighteen, when he went into business, at which 
he continued for some five years, then commencing 
the study of law with Judge La FoUette, of New Al- 
bany, remaining with him two years, when he began 
practice in Harrison County, where he has continued 
ever since in the enjoyment of an extensive ana lucra- 
tive business. In 1874 he was elected to the House of 
Representatives from Harrison County, serving for two 
terms. October, 1878, he was elected Judge of the 
Third Judicial Circuit, an office he now most ably fills. 
He has been a member of the society of Odd-tellows for 
about eight years, taking all the degrees. He became a 
Knight of Pythias in December, 1879. His religious 
views are liberal. He is a Democrat in politics. Judge 
Ramsey is the owner of considerable real estate in the 
county, in which business he and his son. Will. H., are 
also engaged. He was married, October 13, 1853, to 
Rebecca Arnold, daughter ot George Arnold, Esq., of 
Harrison County. They have four children living, and 
three dead. The Judge is a very popular man in his 
district. He is of a jovial, genial disposition, and is in 
the enjoyment of good health and excellent spirits. He 
is honored, respected, and beloved. His law practice is 
(Considerable, and he is in affluent circumstances, being 
fairly endowed with this world's goods. 

"yifllEISING, PAUL, brewer and merchant, of New 
nl|]| Albany, was born October 5, 1819, in the city of 
0el^ Iloerstein, county of Alzenau, kingdom of Bava- 
'kDtJ ria. His father, Francis Reising, was for many 
years burgomaster in his native city, and possessor of a 
small landed estate. His mother, Mary Reising, bore 
her husband four children, to whom she was much de- 
voted. Paul Reising is the only one now living. He 
attended school, as is usual in his native land, from six 
to fourteen years of age. On October 5, 1842, he mar- 
ried Miss Susan Stadtmiller, of Hoerstein, who was then 



{3d Disl. 

in her twenty-first year. She has borne him nine chil- 
dren, tliree of whom, Catharina, Mary A., and Emma 
R., are still living, the others having died in infancy. 
She is a tender mother and a good wife. Mr. Reising's 
domestic relations are of the happiest l<ind. With his 
family he belongs to the Roman Catholic Church, of 
■which he has been trustee and steward for many years. 
He emigrated with his wife to this country in 1854, 
spent two years in Louisville, Kentucky, and then re- 
moved to New Albany, where he rented the old place 
on Mam Street, then known as Metcalfs Brewery. At 
tha' time there was no lager-beer brewed in New Al- 
bany; and, after four years of industry at this brewery, 
Mr. Reising one day heard the call of the Floyd County 
sheriff, selling the last possessions of an unfortunate 
brewer, and offered the highest bid for the building he 
now occupies. On taking possession he found that the 
brewery was only twenty by sixty feet, with a ca- 
pacity of but fifteen hundred barrels per year, and in 
1866 he erected an addition to the building. He con- 
ceived the idea of manufacturing malt, and the venture 
proved successful. In 1876 he made further valuable 
improvements on his brewery, principally a new ice- 
house, constructed upon the most approved modern plan. 
This fine structure measures forty by sixty-three feet, 
and is capable of holding one thousand tons of ice. 
Opposite the brewery stands a magnificent residence, 
built in the most finished style. Here Mr. Reising has 
shown a knowledge of architecture, and has made his 
dwelling an ornament to the city. The ventilation is par- 
ticularly fine throughout. Mr. Reising came to New Al- 
bany in moderate circumstances, and owes his success and 
present affluence to close application to business. No 
one stands higher in the community or is more generally 

5M1EAD, JOHN F., counselor-at-law, etc., of Jeffer- 
iljll sonville, is a member of a family which has been 
Oy^ identified more or less with the history of the 
'X3cJ state since it emerged from its territorial condi- 
tion. On both sides he is descended from Kentuckians 
who emigrated to Indiana at an early date. He was 
born on Indiana soil October 4, 1822, and is the eldest 
of four children of James G. and Mary (Mahan) Read. 
His father represented his district in the ctate Legislature 
for over twenty years. In 1828 he received the Dem- 
ocratic nomination for Governor, against the Whig can- 
didate, and was defeated liy a small majority. In 1S34 
he was again the candidate of his party for the gover- 
norship, and again sufl^ered a defeat at the hands of the 
then dominant party; but it could well be said by 
his opponents, ''A few more such victories and we 
are lost." He was the editor and proprietor of the 
first newspaper publislied at Vincennes, Indiana, which 

naturally reflected his politics in an eminent degree. 
Uncompromisingly Democratic in his convictions, he 
conducted his paper with an eye single to the interests 
of his party, while dealing firmly but courteously with 
his opponents. He was well known as a ready writer 
and fluent and graceful speaker. He laid out the city 
of Wa.shington, Daviess County, where he resided for 
many years. In early life he had been engaged in the 
mercantile business, and had succeeded in accumulating 
a competence. John F. Read was educated at Hanover 
College, Indiana, from which he graduated in the class 
of 1845, urider the presidency of Professor McMasters. 
In 1846 he commenced the practice of law at Jeff'erson- 
ville, where he has been for more than thirty years 
actively engaged in his profession. His present law 
partner, Hon. Jonas G. Howard, is a former pupil of 
Mr. Read, and the firm enjoys the finest practice in 
Clarke County, while none in the state has a higher rep- 
utation for the ability and professional integrity as well 
as the personal popularity ot the partners. Although 
burdened with the cares of professional and other busi- 
ness, Mr. Read has served one term in the state Legis- 
lature, and eight years in the land office of the state — 
four years under the administration of James K. Polk, 
and four under Franklin Pierce. These positions were 
filled with credit to himself and satisfaction to the pub- 
lic. But it is not alone in professional or public life 
that Mr. Read has influenced the development of his 
city and state. He has always been a truly public- 
spirited citizen, not given to the encouragement of 
visionary schemes, but aiding every thing that in his 
judgment had a tendency to enliven or improve the 
business interests of the community. He is now pres- 
ident of the Ford Plate-glass Company, of Jefferson- 
ville, and is vice-president of the Citizens' National 
Bank, of that city. In 1846 Mr. Read married Miss 
Eliza Kegwin. She died in 1852, leaving a daughter, 
who is now the wife of Mr. Sage, secretary of the Ford 
Plate-glass Company. In 1855 Mr. Read married Miss 
Eliza Pratt, daughter of Joseph R. Pratt, of George- 
town, Kentucky. They have a family of eight children. 

KCHEFOLD, FRANK, civil and mechanical engi- 
^f^i neer. New .Mbany, is a native of the little king- 
dom of Wiirtemberg, Germany, where he was born 
April 23, 1846. His parents were Edward and 
Caroline Schefold. His father was an advocate of 
law before the king. Frank Schefold's educational ad- 
vantages were good. At school he obtained a thorougli 
knowledge of his own language, and had also made 
some progress in French and Latin, when he was ap- 
prenticed to one of the best mechanical schools of his 
country, at l!il)erach, where he remained until he had at- 

jd DisL] 



tained his eighteenth year. He then entered the Poly- 
technic school at Stuttgart, where he spent three years in 
the study of chemistry, hydraulics, civil engineering, 
and the Greek and English languages. He reads and 
translates French and English with ease, as well as the 
classic tongues of Greece and Rome. In 1866 he emi- 
grated to this country, and was employed for about a 
year in the Philadelphia patent office as draughtsman. 
After two years more in that city he went to Cincinnati, and 
was assistant civil engineer of the Cincinnati water-works 
from 1870 to 1S75, with the exception of some eight 
months spent in Europe ; during which time he visited 
and inspected the great water-works of London, Vienna, 
Hamburg, Berlin, Leipsic, etc. In iSfs he was called 
to New Albany, Indiana, to superintend the drafting 
and construction of the water- works of that place. He 
is now superintendent and civil engineer of the water- 
works in that city, and also has charge of those at Bow- 
ling Green, Kentucky. He has ., reputation as a civil 
engineer second to none in the state. In 1875 ^^ married 
Miss Elizabeth Smith, daughter of William Smith, of 
Campbell County, Kentucky; they have one child. 
Mr. and Mrs. Schefold are both members of the Uni- 
versalist Church, of New Albany. 


^COTT, CAPTAIN JOHN, of Brownstown, was 
born in Belmont County, Ohio, June 9, 1830, and 
is a son of Adam and Harriet (McElfresh) .Scott. 
His father was a farmer, and the son of a Scotch 
Highlander. John Scott acquired the rudiments of an 
education at the common school of the county; and in 
the spring of 1846, was apprenticed to a cabinet-maker. 
Completing his apprenticeship in 1850, he continued 
working at his trade, and in 185 1 he opened a shop in 
Belmont County. In November, 1855, he moved to 
Houston, Jackson County, Indiana, where he followed 
his trade, and succeeded in building up a good business. 
In the fall of 1861 he raised a company for the 50th 
Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, from Jackson and 
Brown Counties. For a long time he was on detached 
service ; in 1863 he was with the Army of the Tennessee 
in its campaign untd fall, and was then transferred to 
the department of Arkansas, where he did valuable j 
service until the close of the war. During the summer of 
1864 he served on the staff of Major-general Solomon, 
and in the fall of the same year, his time having ex- 
pired, he was honorably discharged, and returned to 
Jackson County. Two years later he was elected sheriff 
of the county for the term of two years, and was re- 
elected in 1868. On first taking possession of the office, 
he moved to Brownstown. At that time it required a 
man of iron will to execute the duties of this position, 
as the notorious Renos were then in the height of their 

glory. In 1S70 he was elected clerk of the Jackson 
Circuit Court, and was re-elected in 1874, having filled 
the office eight years, to the entire satisfaction of the 
citizens. On the 29th of April, 1851, he was married 
to Alcina Collins Smith, a native of Harper's Ferry, 
Virginia, with whom he has lived happily. Their union 
has not been blessed with children. Mr. Scott was 
brought up under the teachings of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, and is now an active member of that 
society at Brownstown. He has always been a member 
of the Democratic party, and is looked upon as one of 
its leaders in the county. He has been an enterprising 
business man, and Jackson County is greatly indebted 
to him for its growth and prosperity. 


§"'^CRIBNER, GENERAL B. F., of New Albany, 
1 was born September 20, 1825, in that city, which 
his father, Abner Scribner, with two brothers, laid 
out in the year 1813. General Scribner is by pro- 
fession a chemist and druggist, having been for many 
years proprietor of the largest drug house in the city. 
Early in life he manifested strong military tastes; and 
while still a mere youth became a member of the 
Spencer Grays, a military company composed of the 
young men of New Albany. By their superior drill 
and soldierly appearance, the Spencer Grays won an 
enviable reputation at home and abroad, and bore off 
the honors on all occasions of competition with other 
companies. At the military encampment near Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, in July, 1845, 'hey were awarded a 
gold-mounted sword. Upon the breaking out of the 
Mexican War, when, after the battle of Palo Alto, the 
country feared for the safety of General Taylor, they 
tendered their services to the Governor; and after the 
call was made on Indiana for troops they were accepted, 
and formed Company A, 2d Indiana Volunteers. A 
little volume, entitled, "Camp Life of a Volunteer," 
published by Gregg, Elliott & Co., of Philadelphia, 
contains extracts from General Scribner's private jour- 
nal, giving a vivid description of the battle of Buena 
Vista and many incidents of the war. During his year 
of service he was promoted to the rank of sergeant, 
which was the highest vacancy that occurred in his 
company. Having a decided taste for military life, his 
duties were performed with alacrity and pleasure. He 
was never reprimanded by a superior officer, never 
missed drill or guard duty, and never failed to march 
with his company. General Lane publicly commended 
him on the field for his conduct at the battle of Buena 
Vista. Early on the morning of February 23d his reg- 
iment was thrown to the front, and was opposed by 
three thousand infantry and twelve hundred lancers, 
flanked on the left by a battery of five Mexican guns. 



i3d Dist. 

Here they stubbornly maintained their position until 
they had fired twenty-one rounds, and were ordered to 
fall back. In the retreat, with others of the company, 
Mr. Scribner joined the 1st Mississippi — Colonel Jeff. 
Davis's regiment — which, with General Taylor, was just 
arriving on the field from Saltillo. With this regiment 
they shared the varied fortunes of the day. Their gal- 
lantry was specially noted, and Colonel Jeff. Davis 
afterward sent to their company for the names of the 
few who had behaved so nobly ; but they declined 
to give them, honorably refusing to gain a reputation 
at the expense of equally brave comrades, who had 
been placed in other [positions. When the nation was 
awakened by the guns of Sumter, General Scribner's 
patriotism aroused his military spirit, and military books 
and tactics occupied his attention during all his leisure 
moments. He entered a company enrolled for home 
defense, and, feeling himself bound by a large and com- 
plicated business to remain at home, tried to content 
himself with doing all that he could by forming and 
drilling companies. He was promoted from grade to 
grade until he was made colonel of the 7th Regiment 
Indiana organized militia. As the war progressed, 
however, he yielded to the conviction thnt his duty was 
in the field. He was offered commands by many officers 
in different parts of the state, but declined, and, hav- 
ing been authorized by the Governor, raised a regiment, 
and went into camp at New Albany, August 22, 1S61 
In September General Buckner advanced on Louisville, 
and Rosecrans was ordered out to meet him. Colonel 
Scribner's regiment, the 38th Indiana Volunteers, was 
then without arms or accouterments ; but, on being 
asked by General Anderson if they could go to the 
rescue, Colonel Scribner promptly assented. They were 
partially armed and equipped September 21, 1861, 
and joined the gallant Rousseau, who, under Sher- 
man, was moving on Muldros Hill and Elizabeth- 
town. Witliout blankets or tents, and almost without 
food for four days, the brave fellows entered the service, 
inspired by the hope of meeting and crushing the en- 
emy. They were first assigned to Wood's brigade, Mc- 
Cook's division, but before crossing Green River were 
transferred to Negley's brigade, in the same division. 
During the spring and summer the command was em- 
ployed to keep open the communication with Mitchell, 
at Huntsville, and Buell, at Corinth. In May, 1S62, 
the 3Sth marched to Florence, Alabama, and back — a 
distance of two hundred miles — in ten days. Imme- 
diately after their return, Negley's demonstration against 
Chattanooga was made, and Colonel Scribner com- 
manded the brigade. This expedition was a success as 
far as it went, and, had the advantage then gained been 
followed up by a sufficient force, important results would 
have ensued. The enemy's artillery was silenced, and 
they were driven from their works on the river. They 

would have capitulated, but the Union force was insuffi- 
cient to liold the place, and surrender was not de- 
manded. On the return march, Colonel Scribner was 
left with his brigade to bring up the rear, a task 
fraught with danger and difficulty. This he did with 
credit to himself and safety to his charge. On their 
return they encamped at Shelbyville, Kentucky, making 
the march of over three hundred miles in fifteen days. 
In July the regiment was ordered to Battle Creek, and re- 
mained until Buell abandoned the Tennessee River, when 
Colonel Scril)ner was ordered to advance and take com- 
mand of the post and fortifications at Ducherd. When 
the army came up he moved on with it to Louisville. 
The hardships of this terrible march from Alabama to 
Louisville, and the subsequent pursuit of Bragg in Ken- 
tucky, with the terrible struggle at Chaplain Hills, are 
vividly portrayed in the history of the 38th Regiment. 
The brunt of the battle fell upon Rousseau's division, 
in which Colonel Scribner was placed at Battle Creek. 
Jackson's and Terrill's forces, being new levies, and 
unable to withstand the fearful odds against them, soon 
melted away before the flower of the Confederate army. 
Not so, however, with Rousseau's veterans, who, in one 
thin line, I'ought with a determination hardly paralleled 
in the annals of the war. Here Colonel Scribner ex- 
hibited his fitness to command; cool and self-possessed, 
noticing every detail of the movements of his own regi- 
ment, he was ever on the alert to discover the move- 
ments of the enemy. The assistance rendered by his 
constant advice is acknowledged in the official reports. 
Here he began to reap the reward of his patient labors 
in instructing the officers and men in their duties under 
all contingencies, and here the importance of disciijline 
and drill became apparent. These bra'ae men, besides 
the loth Wisconsin, for two hours and a half held their 
ground before the dense masses of the enemy, under the 
most destructive fire. Leaden hail from small arms, and 
grape, canister, and shell, cut up their ranks, but not a 
man was seen to falter. Their colors were riddled; the 
staff was shot in two places; six of the color guard were 
killed and two wounded, leaving only one unhurt. Out 
of four hundred men they lost one hundred and fifty- 
seven killed and wounded. Having exhausted their own 
ammunition, they used that of their killed and wounded 
comrades; and then, with fixed bayonets, resolved to die 
rather than retreat until the order was given. Their 
colonel had told them that the safety of the Seventeenth 
Brigade depended on their holding their position. 
When at last orders came, they fell back with a coolness 
not exceeded on battalion drill. While lying down 
waiting for ammunition, they were trampled upon by 
Hood's new recruits, who in terror were flying from '.he 
field with the enemy at their heels. Without a round of 
ammunition, but with fixed bayonets, the noble 38th 
yielded not an inch, resolved to try the virtue of cold 

3d Dht.\ 



steel. A soldier's bravery can he put to no severer test. 
In this engagement Colonel Scribner was wounded in 
the leg, and his horse was shot under him. Soon after 
the battle he was placed in command of the brigade — 
Colonel Harris, its former gallant commander, being 
forced by ill-health to resign. The First Brigade, for- 
merly the Ninth, composed of the 38th Indiana, lOth 
Wisconsin, 2d, 33d, and 94th Ohio, under the command 
of Colonel Scribner, bore an important part in the 
battle of Stone River. With the rest of Rousseau's di- 
vision, they were sent into the cedars to support Mc- 
Cook, who was being driven bacU by the enemy. Here, 
as usual, it fell to Scribner's command to bear the brunt 
of the battle. Two of his regiments, the 2d and 33d 
Ohio, had been ordered to support the batteries on the 
pike, and bore a conspicuous part in the repulse of the 
Confederates as they charged upon these batteries. In 
the mean time, Colonel Scribner, with the three other 
regiments, maneuvered through the cedars as the move- 
ments of the enemy made it necessary, and was or-»> 
dered back to the pike. His leading regiment, the 94th 
Ohio, had just emerged from the thicket into the field 
on the left of the Nashville Pike, when they came upon 
the enemy retreating after their repulse in the attack on 
the batteries, and pursued them into the cedars, com- 
pletely routing them. He soon after met a column of 
Union forces retiring before the enemy. Opening his 
line. Colonel Scribner permitted them to pass, when, 
elated by success, the Confederates came down in dense 
masses to within twenty-five paces of his line. Here 
they were checked by a galling fire, and here occurred 
the most desperate struggle of the day. For a time 
Colonel Scribner appeared surrounded, but, by slightly 
retiring his left regiment, he obtained a cross-fire. For 
twenty minutes the command stood firm, although fear- 
fully diminished in numbers, and only retired reluctantly 
when ordered to fall back. Colonel Scribner com- 
manded the brigade through the Tennessee campaign 
and through Alabama, until they arrived at Chatta- 
nooga, when, by the reorganization of the army by 
General Grant, he again assumed command of his regi- 
ment, which was transferred to the First Brigade, First 
Division, and Fourteenth Army Corps, under Brigadier- 
general Carlin. In the battles around and upon Look- 
out Mountain, including the assault upon Mission 
Ridge, the regiment rendered gallant service. In De- 
cember, 1863, Colonel Scribner succeeded in re-enlisting 
the majority of his regiment as veterans, at Rossville, 
Georgia, and January 3, 1864, started with them for 
New Albany on furlough. With his officers he imme- 
diately commenced recruiting, and shortly afterward re- 
turned to the field with a number of new recruits. 
Prior to the summer campaign of 1864, the 38th Regi- 
ment was transferred from the First to the Third Bri- 
gade, same division, and the command of the brigade 

was assigned to Colonel Scribner. lie commanded in 
all skirmishes and engagements until after the battle 
of Kenesaw Mountain, when he became ill, and the 
command devolved upon Colonel Givin, of the 7th 
Ohio. This ended Colonel Scribner's active and brill- 
iant military career. His name had been frequently 
sent to th*" Senate, for confirmation as a brigadier- 
general, by the lamented President Lincoln, but failed 
from non-action by that body and from the assigned 
cause of no vacancy. Whatever prevented a just 
recognition of his distinguished services, it can not 
be said that he neglected his duties in the field to 
come home and "log roll" among politicians for 
his promotion. At length, on the 8th of August, 
1864, he was appointed and confirmed brevet briga- 
dier-general. On the 2ist of August, finding his 
health much impaired from continued exposure and 
over-exertion, he offered his resignation, which was 
accepted. Nothing but patriotic ardor sent him into 
the field. He took up his sword in vindication of his 
principles ; and now that the war is over, the Union pre- 
served, he resumed his usual business, asking and expecting 
nothing at the hands of his countrymen but their respect 
and esteem. He is no schemer, and used no undue means 
to compass his promotion, conscious of his own merit, 
and content with whatever position the government saw 
fit to grant him. He did his duty without faltering, and 
was always at the head of his regiment. No com- 
mander has won more esteem from his subordinates than 
General Scribner, or retired from military life with a 
brighter record. In January, 1865, General Scribner 
was appointed by President Lincoln collector of internal 
revenue for the Second Collecting District of Indiana, in 
which position he served six years, to the satisfac- 
tion of the government and the public. Notwithstand- 
ing the abuse and accusations made against officers in 
this difficult and responsible service, no charge was ever 
made against the integrity and efficiency of General Scrib- 
ner. He retained his interest in the drug business, which 
was conducted by his partner, until February, 1878, and 
then established in New York City a drug brokerage office. 
This he abandoned the following August to accept the 
appointment of United States treasury agent at Alaska. 
He was assigned to duty on the Island of St. Paul, a 
seal and whale fishing station of considerable importance 
in the North Pacific. General Scribner was married, 
December 20, 1849, to Miss Anna Martha Maginness, 
daughter of Doctor E. A. Maginness. She was born at 
West Chester, Pennsylvania. Having lost her mother 
in infancy, she found care and love with her mother's 
sisters and brother, of Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The 
brother referred to was John Maginness, who for 
more than thirty years held an important position in 
the Treasury Department at Washington, District of 
Columbia, having been chief clerk and assistnnl secre- 



[J,/ Dist. 

tary of the treasury. He look his little niece to Wash- 
ington at twelve years of age, and lavished upon her 
all that affection and money could give. The thorough- 
ness of her education, the mental discipline and the 
social advantages here received, have borne their legiti- 
mate fruit in her useful life. Her father married again, 
and removed to New Albany, Indiana, and it was 
while visiting him in 1849 that she met General Scrib- 
ner. They have had ten children, seven being now liv- 
ing — five sons and two daughters. One son and one 
daughter graduated from college with honor, and all 
are indebted to their mother for their success and pro- 
ficiency in school. She has preserved to an unusual 
degree the remembrance of her school exercises, de- 
lighting in mathematics and abstract subjects, and has 
consequently been able to render her children much as- 
sistance in their studies. The charms of her person 
and mind have endeared her not only to her own family, 
but to a large circle of friends. 

HIEL, JOHN J., merchant, of Seymour, was born 
W!% June 25, 1826, in the county of Tipperary, Ireland. 
%^\ His parents were Michael and Mary (O'Ryan) 
Shiel. Soon after the death of his wife, which oc- 
curred in 1829, Michael Shiel emigrated to America 
with his family, consisting of seven children, and settled 
in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. In 1833 he re- 
moved to Hamilton County, Indiana, then a wilderness, 
where John Shiel worked on his father's farm until he 
was nineteen years of age. His early school privileges 
were limited, but in after years he obtained a fair En- 
glish education by his own energy and application. In 
1845 he went to Cincinnati and learned the trade of 
currier, which he followed for some time in most of the 
Eastern cities. In September, 1847, he returned to Cin- 
cinnati and married Mary A. Phelan, an orphan. He 
worked in Indianapolis until 1855, when he went to Mar- 
tinsville, Morgan County, Indiana, and, purchasing a 
tannery, carried on business successfully until 1865. Early 
in the next year he removed to Ewing, Jackson County, 
Indiana, and, in partnership with John W. Mullen, of 
Madison, purchased the tannery at this place. They 
conducted this very successfully for four years, opening 
branch houses and extending their sales all over the 
country. In 1871 Mr. Shiel bought the interest of his 
partner, and in 1872 was burned out, with no insur- 
ance. He immediately rebuilt, and again, in 1875, 
suffered total loss by fire, without insurance. The fol- 
lowing year he removed to Seymour, Indiana, and 
opened his present leather store. Mr. Shiel is the 
father of six children, three sons and three daughters. 
The eldest son, Tvlichael E. Shiel, is the editor and pro- 
prietor of the Tcnipniiiiie hfoiiilor-Joiinial, published at 

Seymour, Indiana; his eldest daughter, Anna A., is the 
wife of Hon. Jason B. Brown, of Seymour. Mr. Shiel 
is a devout Catholic. Politically, his sympathies are 
with the Greenback party, in which he is an active 
worker, and a firm believer in its ultimate success. 
During the time he carried on the tannery, he employed 
a large number of men, and did much towards the de- 
velopment of Jackson County. 

fK HIELDS, MEEDEY WHITE, late of Seymour, 
^^1 was born in .Sevierville, Sevier County, '1 ennessee, 
; July 8, 1805. He was the son of James and Pe- 
nelope (White) Shields, and a grandson of Stockton 
Shields, of Virginia, a captain in the Revolutionary 
War. The subject of this sketch attended school only 
three months in his life, but by his own energy attained 
a thorough English education. He removed to Cory- 
*don, Floyd County, in 181 1, using pack-horses in mak- 
ing the journey. In 1816 the family went to Jackson 
County, and settled on a farm that is now part of the 
city of Seymour. At this time there were only six 
white families in the county. From 1S20 to 1832 Mr. 
Shields was engaged in running a flat-boat from the 
White River to New Orleans, and in managing his 
farm. In the early part of 1832 he enlisted in the army, 
was made first lieutenant, and in the fall of that year 
was promoted to a captaincy. At the close of the Black 
Hawk War, in 1833, he returned to Jackson County, 
where he married Eliza P. Ewing, the daughter of a 
wealthy farmer of Brownstown, of the same county. 
He then engaged in farming on the old homestead. In 
the fall of 1846 he was elected a member of the Legis- 
lature, and was re-elected in 1848. In October, 1852, he 
was elected state Senator from the counties of Jackson 
and Scott. In November of that year he laid out the 
town (now the city) of Seymour, and in 1853 opened a 
general store, and also constructed eleven miles of the 
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad. He was a lover of fine 
stock, and manifested a great interest in the improve- 
ment of the cattle of the county, making the first im- 
portation of fine stock in the neighborhood. It wasmainly 
through his efforts that the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad 
passed through the town of Seymour, as the road had 
been located two miles north — through the town of 
Rockford. In the fall of 1856 he was again elected to 
the state Senate from Jackson and Jennings Counties, 
and there introduced the bill compelling railroad com- 
panies to bring all trains to a stop at crossings of other 
railroads. In i860 he was a delegate to the Democratic 
Convention at Charleston which nominated Douglas for 
President. He was the father of eight children, two of 
whom, I.ycurgus and Meedey W., died at the age of 
fourteen. Bruce T. and Wm. H. are now farming. 

3d Dist.\ 



Sarah S. married John H. Blish in 1S56, and Eliza S. 
married A. W. Dicl<in.son in 1864. Mr. Shields was not 
a member of any religious denomination, but gave liber- 
ally to several Churches in their infancy, donating a lot 
whenever necessary. His wife was a member of the 
First Presbyterian Church, and not only was a liberal 
contributor to the Church at Seymour, but gave largely 
of her means to the support of Presbyterian Churches 
all over the state. The city of Seymour, in its rapid 
growth, its numerous railroad shops, its extensive manu- 
factories, and its high school, which bears Mr. Shields's 
name, is greatly indebted to the energy, industry, per- 
severance, and influence of its founder. He died Feb- 
ruary 6, 1S66, of inflammation of the stomach, and in 
his death the city suffered an irreparable loss. His wife 
departed this life November 14 of the same year. Mr. 
Shields left an estate worth three hundred and seventy- 
five thousand dollars, accumulated by his own energy, 
sagacity, and industry. His brother, Wm. Shields, in 
the year 1840, was a member of the Indiana Legislature, 
and died during his term of office. He was dearly be- 
loved by the people, and was followed to the grave by 
an immense concourse of citizens. Appropriate resolu- 
tions in regard to his sterling worth were adopted by 
the House. 

jK PARKS, GENERAL LEVI, late of Jeffersonville, 
^^ was born at Church Hill, Queen Anne's County, 
&7,' Maryland, November 21, 1814. He came to Indi- 
'ic3 ana in 1836 and settled in Washington, Daviess 
County, but, after remaining there one year, removed to 
Jeffersonville and entered the dry-goods house of W. 
D. Beach. In 1S40 he engaged in the dry-goods trade 
in partnership with Peter Myers. This connection con- 
tinued for eight years, when Mr. Myers retired and Mr. 
Sparks continued in business for himself until his death, 
which occurred March 26, 1875. He was an active 
Democrat, and was a prominent member of his party. 
From 1854 to 1869 he was a member of the city coun- 
cil of Jeffersonville, and proved himself one of the best 
public servants that the city has ever had ; he served as 
chairman of the finance committee while a member of 
tlie council. In 1869 he was elected mayor of the city, 
and again in 1871. Few men in public or private life 
have been more devoted to the interests of the city than 
Mr. Sparks. To him is largely due the location of the 
government arsenal at Jeffersonville, which contributes 
in no small degree to the prosperity of the place. He 
was for a number of years a member of the district 
and state Democratic central committee. Every duty 
which devolved upon him was performed with energy, 
sagacity, and fidelity. lie was a member of every Na- 
tional Democratic Convention from 1S52 until his death. 
In 1875 he was a candidate for state Treasurer, and, 

for a great part of his life, was an intimate and per- 
sonal friend of Governor Hendricks, Senator McDon- 
ald, M. C. Kerr, etc. General Sparks's wife died ten 
years before him, and his only surviving child is Mrs. 
E. E. Ennis, of Gentryville, Missouri. The business 
founded by him in 1840 is now conducted by his two 
half-brothers, under the firm name of T, & N Sparks. 
As he never saw any military service it is difficult to 
.say where the title " general," by which he was long 
familiarly known, originated. However bestowed, it 
became established so firmly in the minds of the people 
that for many years before his death he was known by 
no other title. His home in Jeffersonville was ever a 
center of genial hospitality. Kindly and sociable, with 
a nature overflowing with charity and good will to all 
men, he was universally beloved and respected ; and he 
will long be remembered by the citizens of Jefferson- 
ville, as a man whose place it will be difficult to fill, and 
whose virtues made him an object of esteem alike in 
public and private life. 

J^TEVENS, WARDER W., editor and proprietor of 
>7^ the Salem Democrat, was born in Elizabethtown, 
'4=};S Kentucky, September 30, 1845, ^"^ 's the eldest 
^ son of Henderson and Catharine (Hayden) Ste- 
vens. His father was a farmer, and also filled several 
official positions in the county where he resided. The 
Haydens were one of the prominent families of Ken- 
tucky, and were among the early settlers of that state. 
When he was but one year old, his father removed 
to Indiana, and settled in Harrison County, where he 
spent his early years at work on the farm, attending the 
common school at Corydon during the winter. In the 
fall of 1864 he entered the State University at Blooming- 
ton, where he remained two years, and in the spring of 
1867 graduated from the law department. He imme- 
diately established himself at Salem, and began the 
practice of his ])rofession in connection with James A. 
Ghormley. At the end of two years Mr. Ghormley 
died, and about that time Mr. Stevens was appointed 
county auditor. After serving one year he resumed the 
practice of law, forming a partnership with A. A. Cra- 
vens. In 1871 he was appointed prosecuting attorney, 
and served one year. In January, 1872, Mr. Stevens 
and his partner purchased the Salem Democrat, and he 
bought Mr. Cravens's interest in 1874, since which time 
he has had entire control of the paper. Mr. Stevens 
is an ardent Democrat, and is constantly laboring in the 
interests of the party, being acknowledged one of its 
leaders in this portion of the state. His paper is the 
organ of the Democracy of Washington County, and 
Its many able editorials from his pen have, in a great 
measure, brought about the increased Democratic ma- 



[3d Dist. 

jority in the county, as, under liis judicious manage- 
ment, it has an influence in political affairs second to no 
paper in Southern Indiana. His office is complete in 
all o! its appointments, and is a model of neatness and 
system, being furnished with all the modern improve- 
ments necessary to facilitate business. It is noted for 
the promptness and dispatch by which orders for all 
descriptions of printed matter are filled. Mr. Stevens 
married. May I, 1879, Miss Alice Caspar, of Salem, 
v/hose father was county auditor and a merchant of that 
place Upon purchasing the Democrat he discontinued 
the practice of law, and now devotes his whole time and 
energy to improving the weekly issue of his newspaper. 
He is known and appreciated far and near as a good 
and honorable citizen, and as a genial, courteous gen- 

— »-»3t>-« — 

tTOCKSLAGER, STROTIIER M., attorney-at-law, 
Corydon, Harrison County, was born at Mauck- 
'v^ poi'i Harrison County, Indiana, May 7, 1842. His 
■S) parents, Jacob and Jane W. Stockslager, Virgin- 
ians by birth, emigrated to Indiana in 1832. Jacob 
Stockslager was the sheriflf of Harrison County fnmn 
1856 to i860, and up to the time of his death was a 
large farmer, and one of the most highly respected cit- 
izens of the county. Strother M, received his early 
instruction at the common schools of the county, and 
afterward at the academy at Corydon, under Professor 
W. W. May, closing at the State University at Bloom- 
ington. He had a clear, bright intellect, and by close 
application to his studies acquired far more than an 
ordinary education. At the age of seventeen, before 
attending the academy, he for a few terms taught 
school, which proved of great benefit to him, as it thor- 
oughly impressed his recent studies on his own mind. 
On leaving the university he became imbued with the 
martial spirit which the war called forth in our young 
men, and entered the army as a private in the 13th In- 
diana Cavalry. On the final organization of the com- 
pany he was immediately appointed second lieutenant. 
At the battle of Murfreesboro, during Hood's campaign 
in Tennessee in 1864, for gallant service, he was pro- 
moted to be captain of Company F. During the cam- 
paign around Murfreesboro he had some hair-breadth 
escapes; the engagements being hntly contested, and 
he invariably in the thickest of the fight. He was 
mustered out at Vicksburg in October, 1865, when he 
returned home and commenced the study of law, at the 
same time acting as deputy auditor for two years. He 
was also deputy clerk for two years. He then read law 
for one year with the Hon. S. K. Wolfe, at the expira- 
tion of which they formed a partnership. He made 
rapid progress in his chosen profession and acquired 
a large practice. In two years their cunneiiion was 

dissolved on account of Mr. Wolfe's removal to New 
xMbany and election to Congress. Mr. Stockslager then 
formed a partnership with Judge Douglass, which has 
been highly successful. They now enjoy the largest and 
most important law practice in the county. In the sum- 
mer of 1866 he was appointed by the President assessor 
of internal revenue for the district. In 1874 he was 
elected to the Senate by a large majority, showing his 
immense popularity with the people, irrespective of 
party. The farmers' movement was at its height and 
the Grangers and Republicans had combined, and yet 
his personal influence was so great that, although a 
Democrat, he was elected by an overwhelming major- 
ity, proving in his case the old adage, that " the man 
was greater than the party." In 1877 he was a mem- 
ber of the Judiciary Committee, originating a road bdl 
which brought him very prominently before the House, 
and called forth favorable comments from the leading 
press of the country. In 1878 he became a member 
of the Masonic Order, and one year later a Knight of 
Pythias. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church. 
July 10, 1873, he was married to Kate M. Miller, the 
estimable daughter of G. W. Miller, of Corydon. In 
October, 187S, he purchased the Corydon Democrat, of 
which he is editor. It is a paper having a large county 
circulation, and is well and ably conducted. Mr. .Stock- 
slager is a man of fine personal appearance, pleasant in 
manners, a thorough lawyer and honorable gentleman, 
well read on all topics. He is a man of large public 
spirit, held in high esteem by his fellow-citizens, "one 
whom they delight to honor." June 29, he was nomi- 
nated by the Democrats for Congress in the Third Dis- 
trict, defeating Judge George A. Bicknell and Judge Jep- 
tha D. New. 

o-^nan-^ — 


fTOY, PETER R., merchant and manufacturer, 
1 New Albany. Few men in Indiana have attained 
; more local prominence, socially and financially, 
than the subject of this sketch. His history is 
much like that of others who by their own efforts have 
attained competence and position, and yet bears the stamp 
of individuality. Commencing with no capital but an 
unblemished character, he has, by honesty and fair 
dealing, become known as one of Indiana's successful 
business men. He was born February 25, 1825, in the 
village (now city) of New Albany, Indiana. His father, 
Peter Stoy, was a ship-cabin-builder, who was born 
and reared in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His mother, 
Mary E. (Wicks) Stoy, was a native of Erie, in the 
same state. They were married at New Albany in 1818, 
in which year the father emigrated from his native state, 
his future wife having preceded him westward about 
two years. Mr. Stoy attended school in his native vil- 
lage until ho was fifteen years of age. He entered the 

3d Dist.] 



hardware store of diaries Wooilruff, January i, 1841, 
and continued in this and the dry-goods business as clerk 
until 1846. At this time the death of his father occurred 
and he took charge of the estate, which was badly 
embarrassed. He succeeded in settling all liabilities, 
however, and saved a competence for his widowed 
mother. In the spring of 1847 he took the position of 
clerk on the Ohio River steamer, "Atlantis;" but left 
this employment after one season, as the influence and 
early training of a pious father and mother made the 
wild and boisterous life on a steamboat repugnant to 
him. He then engaged in the^hardware trade in the 
store of his former employer — who had died in the mean 
time — accepting a share in the prospective profits of the 
business in lieu of salary. Here he remained until 1851, 
when he went into business on his own account. Pur- 
chasing his stock in the Eastern market, at first hand, 
he was enabled to offer as good inducements to the 
trade as older houses, and became very successful. He 
has made numerous friends, and has passed through two 
severe financial crises with his credit unquestioned. In 
1866, with several others, he organized the Ohio Falls 
Iron Works. In 1873, after the great financial panic, 
he was elected vice-president of the company, and in 
January, 1876, he was chosen vice-president, treasurer, 
and general manager, which position he now holds. 
He also continues his hardware business at the old 
stand, in which he is ably assisted by his two oldest 
sons, Edward B. and Lewis R. Stoy. Mr. Stoy has 
been a member of the city council the greater part of 
the time since 1850, and was elected by a large majority 
to the important office of commissioner of Floyd County. 
He is not now, and never has been, a politician. His 
political principles are Republican, but he was elected 
to office by the aid of Democratic voters in a county 
which gives a large Democratic majority. In 1850 he 
married Miss Ellen Beeler, of New Albany, Indiana, 
daughter of William and Elizabeth Beeler, and a mem- 
ber of one of the best families of Floyd County. Of 
ten children born to them nine are living; Edward B., 
Minnie E., Lewis R., William H., Frank M., Walter 
E., Raymond P., Julia, and Ellen. Mr. and Mrs. Stoy 
have been honored members of the Methodist Church 
since 1843. Socially and financially, Mr. Stoy stands 
among the most highly respected and influential citi- 
zens of New Albany. 

llAYLOR, JAMES M., of Salem, clerk of Washing- 
ton County Circuit Court, was born in Washington 
County, Indiana, December 6, 1842, and is the 
youngest son of Samuel and Mary (Turpin) Tay- 
His father was a farmer and shoemaker. He 
spent his early life on the farm, assisting his parents, 
until he was twenty-one years nf age. During this time. 

by close attention to his studies during the winter 
months, he acquired sufficient education to enable him 
to teach, and at the age of eighteen took charge of his 
first school. When he was twenty he attended the high 
school at Salem two terms. Deprived of further educa- 
tional advantages he became clerk in a clothing store, 
and afterwards was bookkeeper in the woolen mills for 
one year. In 1867 he was appointed deputy treasurer 
of his county, and spent eighteen months in this posi- 
tion. In August, 1868, he removed to Campbellsburg, 
and opened a general store, which he carried on for two 
years; he then taught school two years. In 1872 he 
removed to Memphis, Clarke County, Indiana, and 
taught the graded school until March, 1874, when he 
was appointed deputy clerk of the Washington County 
Circuit Court. This position he held until (Tctoher, 
187S, when he was elected clerk of the same court for 
the term of four years. He married, May 5, 1864, Miss 
Mary E. McCoskey, daughter of a farmer of Washing- 
ton County. They have three daughters. Mr. Taylor 
was brought up in the faith of the United Brethren, 
but now attends the Methodist Church. In politics he 
is an active, zealous Democrat, and to his exertions, 
more than to those of any other man, is the Democratic 
party of Washington County indebted for the large in- 
crease in the Democratic vote. Mr. Taylor is a genial 
and courteous gentleman; he discharged his duties as 
clerk to the entire satisfaction of the court, and with 
credit to himself, and is justly regarded as one of the 
rising men of Washington County. 

was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, September 
16, 1812. His father, Gideon D. Tripp, served in 
the War of 1812, under General Harrison. His 
mother was Eva Hagerman. These families emigrated 
from Rhode Island to Ohio in 1S07. The Colonel's ed- 
ucational advantages as a boy were small, the school- 
house being an old log building. But he made the most 
of his opportunities, being fond of reading. He applied 
himself diligently, and acquired by his own perseverance 
a good education. At the age of sixteen he was ena- 
bled not only to earn his own living, but also to con- 
tribute to the support of the family, by working as a 
carpenter, his father having died and left them in 
straitened circumstances. In 1830 he removed to Jen- 
nings County, and in 1837 went into the milling busi- 
ness in partnership with John Walker, in which he 
continued till 1841, when for four years he engaged in 
mercantile affairs. He then again became interested in 
milling matters, in which he still holds an interest. In 
184S he was elected one of the directors of the Ohio and 
Mississippi Railroad, holding that position seven years. 



I3J m-L 

from its conception until after its comiiletion, and lo'ok- 
ing after the interests of his county in that direction. 
In 1S52, being owner of the land on which North Ver- 
non now stands, he surveyed it, divided it into lots, and 
laid out the town, which now, in 18S0, has a popula- 
tion of three thousand. From that time until 1861 he 
occupied himself in looking after his large business in- 
terests, and the welfare of the place of which he was 
the founder. April 15, 1861, in thirty hours after Pres- 
ident Lincoln's call for seventy-five thousand men, he 
raised a company, and reported for duty, by telegraph, 
on the following night. Me and his company went into 
camp on the 19th, and he immediately received his com- 
mission as captain, having enlisted in the company as a 
private, and being elected by his comrades as their cap- 
tain. They served in the three months' campaign in 
West Virginia, returning August 3, and going into 
camp at Madison. The company reorganized August 
26. September 20 the regiment crossed the Ohio at 
Louisville, it being the first that entered Kentucky, and 
his the first company that went to the war from Jen- 
nings County. These troops became a part of the Army 
of the Ohio, and afterwards of the Army of the Cum- 
berland. He was in all the actions through West Vir- 
ginia, and was with Buell's army at the battle of Shiloh, 
Tennessee, April 6 and 7, 1862, a few days after which 
he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel. He was at the 
siege of Corinth, which ended in its evacuation, May 
29. During the summer of 1862 he was engaged in 
the protection of the railroads in Alabama. He marched 
to Louisville, arriving there September 27, 1862, and 
thence to Perryville, Kentucky, in which battle he took 
part, October 8. From that place he went to Crab 
Orchard, in pursuit of Genera! Bragg, and from thence 
to Nashville, arriving on the battle-field of Stone River 
December 30, 1862, after having been in many skirmishes 
with the enemy, and with his regiment fought through 
that memorable battle. During the summer of 1863 he 
was in a great number of minor engagements, and on 
the 19th and 20th of September, 1863, he was at the 
battle of Chickamauga, skirmishing having begun on the 
iSth. The last day of the battle Colonel Tripp had the 
misfortune to lose one leg, being struck by a mime- 
ball, which passed through the limb, completely shat- 
tering the bone. The next day he received his com- 
mission as colonel. His wound compelled him to remain 
in hosjiital until the January following, when he was 
removed to his home. Feeling that he was unfit for 
further service, in June he resigned his commission. Li 
1867 he was appointed assessor of internal revenue for 
the Third Congressional District, a capacity in which he 
served for si\ years. In 1847 he became a member of 
the Order of Odd-fellows, and he is also a Master Ma- 
son, having joined tliat fraternity in 1856. He took the 
temperance pledge some fifty years liack, and lias never 

broken it- In politics he is a Republican. He was 
formerly a Whig, but joined the new party on Us organ- 
ization. In religion he is a Universalist. Colonel Tripp 
has been highly successful in his business career, having 
accumulated considerable wealth, and is now enjoying 
a luxurious home and the advantages derived from a 
well-spent and industrious life, resi^ected by the com- 
munity and beloved by his family. He is a man of 
honor and integrity, and possesses a fine personal ap- 
pearance. His family are all grown up, and have located 
near him. They are actively engaged in business. 


fDVLES, S. R., attorney-at-!aw, Salem, Washington 
County, Indiana, was born in that town, July 13, 

VC'V 1843. His parents were natives of the same county. 

^S His grand-parents emigrated to Indiana from 
North Carolina, and his great-grandfather, Jacob Voyles, 
was in the battle of Camden during the American Rev- 
olution, under General Gates. S. B. Voyles, the subject 
of this sketch, enlisted in the i8th Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry during the laie war, and, as a matter of cho^:e, 
served as a private for three years and one month. He 
was in all the battles of the Vicksburg campaign, and 
was never wounded nor off duty. After being several 
times offered promotion, he finally accepted the posi- 
tion of sergeant of his company. lie returned home 
during the latter part of the war, and went from there 
to Missouri, where he commenced the study of law with 
Judge James W. Owens, of Franklin County, which 
he continued two years. He also attended law school 
in St. Louis, and, after being admitted to the bar, he 
began the practice of law, in 1868, in Salem, Indiana. 
He was successful, and was chosen, by popular vote, 
prosecuting attorney of the Third Judicial District of 
Indiana. Being re-elected, his second term expired 
October 22, 1877. In 1876 he was a delegate to the 
National Democratic Convention at St. Louis, in which 
he took an active part. He is at this time a member 
of the Indiana State Central Committee of Democracy. 
Mr. Voyles is a "trial lawyer,"' and prefers the practice 
of law to political or any other business. He bears the 
reputation of being a good citizen and a sound lawyer. 
November 13, 1S73, he married Miss Maud Fleuston, 
or Salem, Indiana. 

"^ "aRDER, LUTHER FAIRFAX, mayor of the 
city of Jcffersonville, was born near Flemings- 
v'y'u? burg, Kentucky, December 2, 1840. He is the 
^'' J' son of Iliram K. and Mary (Wallingford) 
Warder, both natives of Kentucky, but descended from 
old Virginian families. Mr. Warder received a common 
F.nglisli education in the schools of Kentucky. In 1861, 

' r ,1 P..b i:-. 

3d Dist.\ 




at the age of twenty, he was enrolled as a private in 
Company B, l6th Regiment Kentucky Volunteer In- 
fantry. He soon rose to the rank of first lieutenant, and 
took part with his regiment in the battle of Ivy Mount- 
ain, Eastern Kentucky, where he bore himself with so 
much credit and was soon made captain. He com- 
manded his company through the campaigns of Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee until the latter part of 1863, when, 
on account of failing health, he was compelled to offer 
his resignation. It was accepted, and he returned home, 
not recovering sufficiently to resume active service be- 
fore the close of the war. In 1865 he married Miss 
Elizabeth A. Lewis, daughter of Felix R. Lewis, of 
Jeffersonville, Indiana, a member of an old and re- 
spected family of Clarke County. Her grandfather was 
for many years register of the land office in Jeffersonville, 
when Indiana was yet a territory. After his marriage, 
Mr. Warder settled at Flemingsburg, Kentucky, selling 
merchandise and raising stock until 1869. He then re- 
moved to Jeffersonville, where he soon ingratiated himself 
with the people. P'rom 1870 to 1873 he was clerk of 
the Jeffersonville, Madison and Indianapolis Railroad. 
In 187s he was elected mayor of Jeffersonville, on the 
Democratic ticket, was re-elected at the expiration of 
his first term, and again in 1879 was elected for the 
third term to the same office, which he now holds. 
Previous to his election he had been for years a member 
of the city council He does not belong to any re- 
ligious denomination, but is an attendant upon and con- 
tributor to the Episcopal Church, of which his wife iS 
a member. Mr. and Mrs. Warder have had eight chil- 
dren, four of M'hom survive. Mayor Warder is a gen- 
tleman of straightforward and unassuming manners. 
He is a forcible and fluent speaker, and has the reputa- 
tion of possessing a rare talent for organizing and con- 
ducting political campaigns. His energy is of that kind 
which encounters obstacles only to surmount them, and 
his personal popularity seems almost boundless. 

(EBSTER, ALEXANDER, master mechanic and 
machinist, of New Albany, was born February 
23, 1829, in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. 
He is the only son of Andrew and Ann (Potter) 
Webster, who emigrated to that state with their par- 
ents from Fifeshire, Scotland. When he was only 
about a year old his father died, leaving him to the 
care of his mother and grand-parents. He received 
early instruction in the English branches, and at the 
age ol eleven years was taken by his grandfather and 
his mother to Canada. There he attended school part 
of the time until he was fifteen. He early evinced a 
taste for machinery, and persuaded his mother to let 
him come to the Uniteil States ami leniii a trade. Hav- 

ing friends in Brownsville, Pennsylvania, he was sent 
there, and apprenticed to Mr. John Snodon, a machinist. 
After remaining there three years, he went to Pittsburgh, 
where he worked for a time, and then found employ- 
ment at New Albany, Indiana. In 1S60, in partnership 
with Josiah Johnson, he commenced building steam-en- 
gines and mill machinery at New Albany, which they 
continued until 1877. In August, 1867, their shop was 
destroyed by fire, but the loss re arded their business 
but a short time. In 1877 Mr. Webster and Mr. II. Pitt 
purchased Mr. Johnson's interest, and have conducted 
the business under the firm name of Webster & Pitt to 
the present time. They have built some of the largest 
and best machinery in the city, and have shipped great 
quantities to nearly every state in the Union. They 
have now one of the best appointed shops in the state, 
and beautiful specimens of their work may be found at 
the New Albany woolen mills. Mr. Webster has been 
married twice; first, in 1850, to Miss Amy Elizabeth 
Payne, who died about six years after. She left two 
children, John H. and Anna, the latter of whom died 
at the age of seven years. He afterward married Miss 
Sarah C. Smith, who has borne him five children — 
George T., Elizabeth M., Carrie B., Frank, and Ira G. 
Mr. Webster and his family are members of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church. Few men are more happily situ- 
ated, or more highly esteemed in the community. 

fINSTANDLEY JOHN B., of New Albany, is 
to-day one of the best known and most popular 
'%J\^ citizens of Southern Indiana, where his life from 
^^ early boyhood to the mature years of nearly three- 
score and ten has been spent. Starting in life without 
means, and without the aid of influential or wealthy 
friends, he is the architect of his own fortune ; and his 
life furnishes a model worthy of imitation by the young 
men of the present day. It is particularly remarkable 
that with scarcely any school training he gained the 
prominent and responsible positions that he has occu- 
pied for the past half century. He is 01 English de- 
scent; his grandfather, Henry Winstandley, having emi- 
grated to this country and settled near Baltimore, 
Maryland, about the close of the Revolutionary War. 
In that city John B. Winstandley was born, in 1812, 
and went with his father when six years old to New 
Albany, where he remained about four years. When 
only eight years old he worked in a cotton-factory in 
New Albany. In 1822 he removed to Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, where he attended school for a short time. Three 
years later he accepted the offer of a clerkship in the drug- 
store of Robert Downey in New Albany, his salary for 
the first two and a half years being three dollars and 
fifty cents a month and board. Upon attaining his ma- 



[jrt Duu 

jority he foinieil a copartiitibliip with his employer, and 
the business was continued, under the firm name of 
Downey & Winstandley, until 1843, when he purchased 
his partner's interest. W. J. Newkirk was then associ- 
ated with him in the same business until 1854, and then 
bought the entire stock, Mr. Winstandley retiring from 
business altogether for a few years. On the 1st of 
January, 1857, he was elected assistant cashier of the 
Bank of Salem, and afterward cashier, which latter po- 
sition he held continuously until the expiration of the 
charter. In connection with others he then organized 
the New Albany Banking House, of which he is presi- 
dent, and his son, Isaac S. Winstandley, cashier. In 
the mean time, however, in the summer of 1847, Mr. 
Winstandley, who has always been a Democrat, was 
elected by that party to the Legislature from Floyd 
County, defeating William Underbill, a Whig, by two 
votes. He was re-elected, over Blaine Marshall, by a 
majority of one hundred and thirty-six votes the suc- 
ceeding year, and in 1849 was elected to the Senate by 
a majority of one hundred and twenty-two, over Doctor 
P. S. Shields, and served in that capacity three years. 
He was elected to the city council of New Albany in 
1856, 1868, 1870, and 1875, having had in all eight 
years' experience in that Ijody. As school trustee in 
1850 he purchased the Main Street property at a bargain, 
and was instrumental in having the present fine build- 
ing erected thereon. It is something remarkable to 
have lived in the same ward for fifty years ; never to 
have been confined to the bed from sickness for a sin- 
gle day in sixty-five years ; never to have had occasion 
to sue or be sued ; and, rearing a family of four chil- 
dren, to have incurred a doctor's bill not exceeding fifty 
dollars in a period of over forty years. Many interest- 
ing incidents of Mr. Winstandley's life are related by 
old Democrats who associated with him" over a quarter 
of a century ago, at his drug-store known as Tammany 
Hall, or Democratic headquarters, but the limits of a 
biographical sketch preclude our indulging in details. 
Mr. Winstandley was iTiarried, in October, 1834, to 
Miss Penina B. Stewart, daughter of the late Major 
Isaac Stewart, one of the first settlers in Southern In- 
diana. Mrs. Winstandley is still living and enjoying 
excellent health. They have had four children, two 
daughters and two sons. Isaac S. Winstandley has oc- 
cupied the position of teller and bookkeeper in the 
Bank of Salem for the past seventeen years, and is a 
member of the board of school trustees. William C, 
the other son, was appointed cashier of the Bank 
of Salem when only eighteen years of age, and held 
the position until lie was twenty-one, after which he 
was engaged in the Branch Bank of the State at Bed- 
ford till it was closed. Then, with some others, he 
established the Bedford National Bank, and was ap- 
pointed cashier, which position he now holds. Me has 

also been school trustee at Bedford for several yeait. 
One daughter is unmarried; the other is the wife of 
Doctor W. L. Breyfogle, well known in New Albany 
and Louisville as a successful physician. In conversa- 
tion with a prominent citizen of New Albany, a few 
months ago, Hon. Thomas A. Hendricks stated that 
when he was a Representative from the county of Shelly 
in the state Legislature, being a young man, he natu- 
rally cast his mind about that body to discover a safe, 
sensible, and discreet leader. He watched the course 
of many, and in the person of John B. Winstandley 
found his ideal in point of dignity, habits, sound judg- 
ment, and the elements of a trusty leader. "From 
that day on," said Mr. Hendricks, "he was my guiding 
star, and my future course was shaped from the im- 
pressions then received." Mr. Winstandley is kncwr. 
for his firmness, his conscientious love of justice, duty, 
and real, not sham, morality. He is hopeful, and, with 
enough self-esteem to give him dignity and self-reliance, 
is not tremulous in view of responsibility. He has force 
of character sufficient to make his efforts effective, fine 
social qualities, and is deeply interested, not only in his 
own home, but in his neighborhood, his state, and his 
nation. He has an excellent memory, and such com- 
j mand of language as to be an easy and effective speaker. 
Hisshnrp perception and keen analytical power enable him 
to condense a great deal of truth into crisp sentences, and 
his style is terse and pointed and without ornamental 
verbiage. In "politics, as in every thing else, he has 
maintained the reputation of an honest man; and, 
although never an office-seeker, has always taken a 
lively interest in political affairs. Now, in his mature 
years, Mr. Winstandley, after a long, busy, and eventful 
life, ]iasses his days as much as possible in the quiet re- 
treat of his suburban home, just beyond the city limits 
of New Albany. At a cost of about twenty thousand 
dollars, he has recently made the "McDonald place" in 
fact and in truth what he now calls it, "Sunnyside." 
Upon the premises is a magnificent mansion, designed 
after the latest and most approved style of architecture. 
The place is provided with convenient out-buildings, and 
superbly set with fruit and shade trees, rich and rare 
plants, and is one of the most delightful residences in 
the state. His inclinations are towards the Methodist 
faith, in which he was reared, but Mr. Winstandley is 
not a member of any Church, bestowing his bounty 
alike upon all. 

^"liToLFE, HARVEY S., M. D., physician and sur- 
■ »»/ SS°"' °f Corydon, Harrison County, was born in 
^Kii Floyd County, Indiana, June 22, 1832. He is 
'S^ the son of George I. Wolfe and Elizabeth Wolfe. 
His father followed the occupation of a shoemaker, and 
was a prominent political man of his day He was twice 

3d Dist.\ 



elected to the state Legislature, overcoming great ob- 
stacles. In politics he was an ardent and thorough- 
going Whig, following the leadership of Henry Clay, 
the idol of tlie West ; but the district in which he lived 
was overwhelmingly Democratic, and his success was a 
fine tribute to his character as a man. His children 
received the best education it was possible for him to 
afford, and all became professional men. Three of them 
became physicians, and one a lawyer. The latter, S. K. 
Wolfe, has represented his district in Congress. Harvey 
S. Wolfe attended school each winter until the age of 
twenty. In the summer he w^orked at his father's busi- 
ness of shoemaker, and acquired in it a high degree of 
proficiency. In school he was always at the head of 
his class. His nature was diligent and studious. He 
was prompt in his attendance, quick in comprehension, 
and never flinched from a difficulty. In the sports of 
the play-ground he was the foremost of the boys. 
None could play ball, run a race, jump ditches, or 
climb fences better than he. Among other things 
he learned at this time was to handle a gun, and he 
is now one of the crack shots of the county. His na- 
ture was ambitious, and when he left school he deter- 
mined to study medicine. He had already acquired a 
good English education, and he was admitted to the 
office of one of the leading physicians of that region, 
his brother, Dr. S. C. Wolfe, at Georgetown. There 
he continued studying and practicing until 1856, contin- 
uing the same course with another brother. Dr. H. 
Wolfe, at Washington, Indiana, until 1859, when he 
graduated at the Kentucky School of Medicine at Lou- 
isville. He chose as a place of residence Corydon, in 
Harrison County, formerly the capital of Indiana Terri- 
tory, which retains many of the descendants of the res- 
idents of that period. There he still remains, enjoying 
a large and successful practice, while his reputation has 
been steadily growing. He is now regarded as the 
leading physician of the county. When the war broke 
out he did not fail to answer to the call of his country. 
In the summer of 1862 he was commissioned assistant 
surgeon to the 8lst Indiana Regiment. On the 8th of 
October the battle of Perryville was fought, in which he 
bore a part. He took charge of the hospital after- 
wards, and for his valuable services was promoted to 
be surgeon of the regiment. He was also in charge 
of a hospital after the battle of Stone River, shortly 
after which his health failed, and he was compelled to 
resign, much against his own wish and that of his 
comrades. Returning to Corydon, he began practic- 
ing again. After being engaged in the medical pro- 
fession for a few years longer, in which he had ac- 
quired much knowledge of disease, he went back 
to the Medical University at Louisville, to gain a 
fuller and more scientific insight. There he gradu- 
ated with honors in the year 1867. In politics he has 

taken an active part. He has not been chosen to office, 
for he has steadily refused to allow his name to be used 
in that way, but he attends all the political meetings 
of his party, the Democratic, and labors zealously in 
thei'- councils. He is a ready and effective speaker. 
When younger, he was a member of the Sons of 
Temperance, and for the past two years has been ac- 
tively engaged in the temperance cause as a lecturer 
in the Blue Ribbon movement. In this he has met 
with the most flattering success. He shows the useless- 
ness and wickedness of the custom of drinking, its dim- 
inution of the public wealth, the wretchedness of the 
families in which the father is a partaker of the cup, 
the bad example set to others, the poverty and crime 
engendered, the cost to the community of the jails, 
poor-houses, and officers of the law, the destruction of 
the usefulness of men, and the sure retribution that will 
follow from divine justice. He is himself a living ex- 
ponent of the doctrine he advocates, being strictly tem- 
perate in all things, and enjoying most excellent health. 
He became a member of the Odd-fellows in 1853, 
taking all the degrees, and also belongs to the Har- 
rison County Medical Society, of which he is vice- 
president. The last seven years he has been a member 
of the Presbyterian Church, and for three years super- 
intendent of its Sunday-school. He displays, in the 
labors of the Church, the same earnestness that he does 
in his own affairs. He has recently bought a large 
farm, and is now devoting much of his leisure time to 
its cultivation. He has a natural love for the country, 
its fields, orchards, and woods, and is now gratify- 
ing a taste he has had since childhood. On his land 
he is raising some fine, choice stock. Doctor Wolfe 
married, September 30, 1858, Annie E. Bence, daugh- 
ter of John (and Elizabeth) Bence, a farmer of Harri- 
son County. They have had four children— two sons, 
whom they have lost, and two daughters, who remain 
to them. The Doctor is a man of fine personal appear- 
ance. He is a thorough physician, an educated, court- 
eous, and genial gentleman, and is highly respected by- 
all who know him. 

-^HfS^ — 

TOLFE, SIMEON K., presidential elector, me- 
_ , chanic, farmer, lawyer, state Senator, editor, and 
J^v3 member of Congress, the subject of this biog- 
raphy, while eminently a self-made man, is no 
less remarkable for his versatility of talent than for his 
energy in the pursuit of his calling and profession. 
The use of biography is well exemplified in his case. 
His life may be regarded as a lesson for encouragement 
to the American youth, who, in starting in life's race, 
has none, or but few, of what are called worldly advan- 
tages to aid him. While it is not true that his early 
life was passed in poverty, it is a truth of which he is 



\3d Dist. 

not ashamed that his boyhood and early manhood were 
alike free from the stifling influence of wealth and opu- 
lence. He was born in a log-cabin — a sample of the 
rude architecture of the early settler — on a farm about 
nine miles west of New Albany, Floyd County, Indiana, 
on the fourteenth day of February, 1824; and there his 
boyhood was spent at manual labor on his father's farm 
and in his workshop, and at intervals of three months 
during the winter attending the common district schools 
ot that period, which were generally poorly conducted, 
anu yet affording the boys or girls of an apt literary 
bent of mind the opportunity of making themselves 
practical scholars in after life. And such was the 
result with the subject of this sketch, who, as in 
other matters, only required the rudiments to be im- 
parted by a teacher to enable him to master the whole 
subject. Ilis education, though not classic, became 
thorough and practical in nearly all the departments of 
useful knowledge, in which he always regarded the 
better class of romance and fiction, as well as poetry, 
as not a non-essential ; in all of which, amidst his diver- 
sified labors, he took time to embellish his well-gar- 
nered store of useful and scientific knowledge. His an- 
cestors were of the robust Pennsylvania German stock. 
George Wolfe, his grandfather, was a resident of North- 
umberland County, in that state, and for many years was 
a lumberman and raftsman on the Susquehanna River. 
He was a man of splendid physique, about six feet two 
inches tall, of full proportions, fair, ruddy face, with hair 
originally of a sandy or auburn color, but which, later 
in life, became white as wool, giving to the old gentle- 
man a marked appearance. He was a man of great 
strength, as were also his brothers, who, in the rude 
period of their younger days, might have been noted 
prize-fighters. A traditional anecdote is related of one 
of these brothers, whose reputation as a fighter became 
noted, illustrating the quality of these old-time men. 
At one time a stranger called at his house and informed 
him that he had traveled ninety miles to see him ; 
"and," said the stranger, "I have heard that you are a 
great fighter, and, if that is so, I came to whip you !" 
"Very well," said Wolfe, "I am the man you are hunt- 
ing; come in and get a dram of whisky and I will 
satisfy you." The stranger accepted the offer, and after 
passing a few rude compliments the comb.'xt commenced, 
and was not ended until the stranger was badly pun- 
ished for his pains, receiving, amongst other injuries, a 
broken Jaw. After the combat, Wolfe took him in, and 
nursed and cared for him until he was able to travel, 
when he left with many praises for the kindness with 
which he was entertained. George Wolfe was the 
father of ten children, all of whom lived to an old age 
as good citizens, and most of whom had the marks of the 
blood of their ancestors pretty strongly in them, being 
of robust constitutions of body and mind. In 1795 

he, with his family, emigrated to Kentucky, settling 
on the waters of Bear Grass Creek, ten miles above 
Louisville, where he resided until the year 1811, when 
he removed to Indiana and settled in the forest, and 
opened a farm about ten miles west of the present 
city of New Albany, but which at the time was 
a village of only a few huts. He died there January 
I, 1848, in the eighty-second year of his age, leaving a 
widow, who died several years after at the age of eighty- 
nine. George I. Wolfe was the eldest son of the latter, 
and the father of Simeon K. He was born near the 
town of Sunbury, Northumberland County, Pennsylva- 
nia, on the 6th of November, 1787, and died at George- 
town, Floyd County, Indiana, May, 1872, in the eighty- 
fifth year of his age. George I. was a boy eight or nine 
years old when he was brought by his father to Ken- 
tucky, where he was raised, and had instilled into him to 
a large degree the traits of independence and manhood 
and high principles of integrity and honor which distin- 
guished and marked the character of the old-time Ken- 
tuckian. He emigrated to Floyd County, to the forest 
nine miles west of New Albany, where he opened >a 
farm and resided for over half a century. He was a 
man of fine proportions and build, over six feet high, 
and much above the average in intellect and information, 
which enabled him always to command a controlling 
influence in neighborhood and county aff'airs. By occu- 
pation he was a farmer, shoemaker, and tanner, which 
callings he taught to all of his boys, four of whom now 
are living, but none of whom continued to follow in the 
occupations that he taught them. Samuel C. Wolfe, 
the eldest, born January 15, 1815, resides at Elizabeth, 
Harrison County, Indiana, and is by occupation a phy- 
sician. Hamilton, the next eldest, born March 30, 1819, 
is also a physician, residing at Washington, Daviess 
County, Indiana. Harvey S., the youngest, also a phy- 
sician, born June 22, 1832, resides at Corydon, Harrison 
County, Indiana. These three have all become honored 
and useful members of society, but have not occupied 
their time in public affairs and become so well known 
as the subject of this memoir. George I. Wolfe in pol- 
itics was a Whig until 1854, when that party became 
extinct, and from that period to the day of his death 
he was a Democrat. He was twice elected as a Repre- 
sentative in the Indiana Legislature, serving in that 
body from 1843 ''"■ 'S45. T'l religious faith he was a 
firm believer in the doctrines of Universalism, and in 
that faith he died, always averring that the older he 
became the more lirmly he believed in the truth of that 
doctrine. He was a man of noted neighborly kindness, 
liberality, and tolerance. The subject of this sketch, 
Simeon K., was married 01, the 24th of August, 1843, 
then in his twentieth year, to Penelope, daughter of 
John Bence, a well-to-do farmer of Harrison County, by 
whom he has had eight children, two of whom, Mrs. 

3d Disi.] 



Addie Stephens, wife of Alansou Stephens, Esq., and 
James H., are dead. Five sons and a daughter are 
still living. The names of the surviving children are: 
Albert G., Charles D., Robert P., Ella, Edward W., 
and Thomas F. After his marriage he began life as a 
shoemaker, at Corydon, the county seat of Harrison 
County, Indiana, with a capital of forty-two dollars. 
This was in 1844, April 10. Times then were hard 
for a poor man who had nothing but his hands with 
which to earn a living ; but with industry and econ- 
omy he succeeded in two years in amassing a fortune 
of two hundred and fifty dollars. This he invested 
in a stock of dry-goods and groceries, and carried on 
that business two years, when he commanded his first 
thousand dollars, which to him seemed a great fortune. 
In 1846 he was elected to the office of Justice of the 
Peace, and while in that position he felt compelled 
to learn a little law to enable him to discharge its 
duties. This was the beginning of his career as 
a lawyer. He soon fell in love with the profession, 
and in the interims of his labor he became mastev 
of Blackstone's Commentaries. Believing in the right 
which belongs to every working man to change his 
vocation whenever it suits his inclination or interest, 
he at this time conceived the idea that he would adopt 
the law as his profession. He thereupon, in the month 
of January, 1849, entered the law office of Judge Will- 
iam A. Porter, then one of the foremost lawyers in 
Southern Indiana, as a student, with a determination, 
not unlike his old fighting great-uncle in Pennsylvania, 
to fight for victory in that hardly and hotly contested 
field, where failure is the rule and success the exception. 
How well he carried his determination into effect, the 
judicial records of the various courts in which he prac- 
ticed can well attest. After remaining in Judge Porter's 
law office ten months, he entered the Law Department 
of the University of Indiana, then under the joint pro- 
fessorship of Judges David McDonald, afterwards Judge 
of the United States District Court of Indiana, and 
William T. Otto, since Assistant Secretary of the Inte- 
rior, and now reporter of the United .States Supreme 
Court decisions. Entering both junior and senior classes 
of that institution at the same time (Novemlier, 1849), 
he succeeded in graduating, contrary to the general 
practice, at the end of the first session, in March, 1850, 
and liad conferred on him the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws. After that he entered with vigor into the prac- 
tice, and almost from the beginnnig has commanded a 
large and remunerative business. He remained at Cory- 
don until September 10, 1870, when he removed to New 
Albany, his present residence. The public events irf 
Mr. Wolfe's life began in 1851, when he became a can- 
didate for the office of state Senator for Harrison County. 
In politics he began life as a Whig, and then still ad- 
hered nominally to the Whig party; but, having given 

the question of the Mexican War his warm support, he 
did not stand well with all the members of that party, 
who said he had Democratic proclivities; and being op- 
posed by the eccentric William M. Satfer, a Democrat, 
who was a farmer, and a man of great popularity with 
that class, the young Whig lawyer, with such proclivities, 
was defeated by a majority of seventeen votes. At the 
election of 1852 Mr. Wolfe supported General Franklin 
Pierce for President. In 1854 he was the first in his 
county to take the stump against Know-Nothingism, 
which he did with so much vigor, and so acceptably to 
the Democratic party, that the Democratic State Con- 
vention in 1856 placed him on the ticket as a candidate 
for district elector for Buchanan; and in that capacity 
he canvassed the entire Second Indiana District, in dis- 
cussion with David T. Laird, the Fillmore elector — the 
Fremont elector declining to accompany tliem. In De- 
cember following, Mr. Wolfe was a member of the Elec- 
toral College which cast the vote of Indiana for James 
Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge. On the tenth day 
of February, 1857, Mr. Wolfe began the publication of 
the Corydon weekly Democrat, of which he was sole 
owner and editor, and which, with great labor and by 
the burning of much midnight oil, he succeeded in at- 
tending to, in connection with his large legal practice, 
for nearly nine years, and until August 29, 1865, when 
he sold the paper to A. W. Brewster, the present pro- 
prietor. Mr. Wolfe made his paper a rare exception of 
success, as he has, in fact, every thing he has ever un- 
dertaken, which, if nothing else, would be sufficient to 
mark him as an exceptional personage. The Indiana 
State Democratic Convention which met on the 8th 
of January, 1S60, showed its confidence in Mr. Wolfe 
by appointing him as one of the delegates for the 
Second District to the Charleston National Convention. 
The other delegate, his colleague, was the lamented 
John B. Norman, at that time chief editor of the 
New Albany Ledger newspaper. Mr. Norman was 
one of the ablest of the editorial corps of Indiana, 
and one of the purest and best men of his times. To 
be associated with such a man was itself a great honor. 
While attending that convention, Mr. Wolfe became 
fully impressed with the fearful condition of the country. 
It was perfectly apparent that the desire of the controll- 
ing element in that body was for disunion, and not for 
Democratic success; and when Mr. Wolfe returned home 
and reported that as a fact, his friends could not doubt 
the correctness of the statement. At the adjourned 
meeting of the convention at Baltimore, Mr. Wolfe, in 
connection with his friend, Mr. Norman, conceived and 
set on foot a scheme which, if it had succeeded, would 
most probably have prevented the final disruption of that 
body, and averted all the terrible consequences which 
followed that result in 1861. The scheme was to get 
the Indiana delegation to sign a paper requesting the Illi- 



[jV Dist. 

nois delegation to withdraw the name of Judge Douglas. 
When the extreme men of the South ascertained that 
such a move was on foot, they, to avoid its success, 
withdrew from the convention, which left the scheme 
wholly impracticable. While he was absent at Balti- 
more, in i860, the Democratic parties of Harrison and 
Washington Counties gave Mr. Wolfe a unanimous nom- 
ination for state Senator, to which office he was elected 
the following October, by a majority of nearly six hun- 
dred. As state Senator Mr. Wolfe served with ability and 
distinction four years, covering the stormy and important 
period of the war. In that body he gave the war policy 
his sujiport, but endeavored to have measures adopted 
that in his judgment would lead to a speedy and hon- 
orable conclusion of bloodshed and to the preservation of 
the Union ; but always contended that while the war 
lasted it should be vigorously prosecuted and supported. 
In 1864 Mr. Wolfe was selected a% a candidate for 
presidential elector for the state at large, on the McClel- 
lan ticket. In 1872 Mr. Wolfe received the nomination 
of his party for a seat in the F'orty-third Congress. He 
was elected by a majority of nearly six thousand over 
his Republican opponent. In May, 1873, he was a mem- 
ber of the Commercial Congress, which assembled at 
St. Louis, in the interest of improvements in inter-state 
commerce. He took great interest in that subject when 
in Congress ; and, being a member of the Committee on 
Railroads and Canals, had the opportunity of making 
himself familiar with the subject of inter-state commerce, 
as well as the facilities that were needed to open up the 
avenues and outlets to foreign commerce. And in that 
connection he took an active and prominent part in ma- 
turing, perfecting, and passing the bill known as the 
" Eads Jetty Bill," for the improvement of the south 
pass of the mouth of the Mississippi River. And since 
that time he has watched with great interest the evi- 
dences of triumph of that great scheme. He is satisfied 
that the success of that work will add many millions 
annually to the productive industry of the West, whose 
natural and cheapest oittlet to foreign ports is through 
the mouth of that great highway. Another subject to 
which Mr. Wolfe gave his untiring attention while a 
member of Congress was that of the finances and cur- 
rency. In the controversies, both in Congress and since 
his retirement, in regard to the hard and soft money the- 
ories, he has always been an open and bold advocate of 
the policy of maintaining the volume of the currency 
in the same condition as to quantity that it was when 
the debts of the country were contracted. On tlie 2Sth 
of February, 1S74, he made an elaborate spcccli in the 
House of Representatives, in which occurs the following 
extract, and which is here given as a sample of his style 
of argument on that subject: 

"The value of money is measured by its purchasing 
power, and, assuming that the supply and dt-niand fo'r 

labor and the productions of labor remain the same, 
then the value of a given sum of money as a medium 
of exchange is regulated by its proportion to the whole 
amount in circulation. This rule is demonstrated by a 
simple illustration. Suppose the whole amount of money 
in circulation, of all kinds, is £800,000,000 — and that is 
not far from the amount with which this country is now 
carrying on business, though a part of that is not actu- 
ally employed. Then suppose that any one individual 
is the owner of $1,000,000 in cash. In such case he 
would be the owner of one eight-hundredth of all the 
money in the country. But then, again, suppose the 
amount of the circulating medium should be reduced to 
£400,000,000. Now, the individual with his million 
would own one four-hundredth part of the whole, wliich 
would be practically doubling the value of each one of 
his dollars. So, if the amount of the circulating me- 
dium should be increased to £1,600,000,000, the man 
with his million would own only one sixteen-hundredth 
part of the whole, and by the same rule his wealth 
would be depreciated one-half in value. The result 
follows clearly, that as you diminish the amount of 
money in circulation, you in the same ratio increase the 
relative value of the money owned by the capitalists; 
and, on the other hand, as you increase the amount of 
money in circulation, you practically diminish the value 
of that M'hich is owned by them. If these deductions 
are true — and I think they can not be successfully over- 
thrown — we ought to be at no loss in understanding 
why the capitalists are opposed to what they are pleased 
to term 'inflation.' But it must be remembered that a 
proper increase is not inflation, any more than to eat a 
sufficient quantity to satisfy the demands of the body is 
gluttony, or any more than zwei lager, to a German, is 
drunkenness. And from the same deductions it will 
appear equally clear why the capital classes — those who 
have their cofiers filled, or have stiff bank accounts 
standing to their credit — are in favor of a reduction in 
the amount in circulation, or at least to be let alone 
under the present decreased condition of the currency. 
In each case it is simply a question of self-interest." 

The writer of this sketch inquired of Mr. Wolfe why 
it was that he was not elected for a second term to 
Congress, and he received the following answer: "Well, 
I had no special desire to be elected, for the reason that 
I had plenty of business of my own to attend to; he- 
sides, I knew I could not get a nomination without 
much labor and large expenditures of money. So cor- 
rupt has politics become, that I had no inclination to 
to engage in .such a contest. The thing was n't, in my 
estimation, worth what it would cost." Since his re- 
tirement from Congress he has devoted liis time to his 
private affairs. Having by close attention to business 
amassed a competence of this world's goods to make 
him comfortable, he has been dividing his time between 
the practice of the law and horticultural and agricul- 
cultural pursuits. He has lately erected a fine residence 
on a high eminence in the suburbs of New Albany, 
tvhich has a commanding view of as fine scenery as can 
be found anywhere on ihe American continent, taking 
in the three cities, Louisville, New Albany, and Jeffer- 
sonville, the falls of the Ohio River, and the great 
bridge, which is the longest on the continent, except 

3d Dist.] 



only the Victoria Bridge, Over the St. Lawrence, at 
Montreal. At this beautiful country seat he intends to 
spend a part of his time, as he expresses it, in "industri- 
ous idleness." In personal appearance and tempera- 
ment, Mr. Wolfe has many of the marked peculiarities 
of his ancestors. Nearly six feet in height ; neither 
heavily nor slightly built; in weight about one hundred 
and sixty pounds; eyes bright yellowish brown; nose 
very slightly aquiline ; hair and beard a silvery gray ; 
complexion fair, in which the ruddy hues of health and 
active life are plainly marked; of a sociable disposition, 
and in conversation impressing the hearer with the fact 
that he has read and traveled much, and is thoroughly 
versed in all the practical affairs of life. From his 
youth up, he has been a student and lover of books, 
and especially the great book of nature, which he wor- 
ships with a poetic devotion. In fact, he is one of 
those rare individuals who have a keen relish for the 
good and the beautiful things of this world, and seem 
to know how to obtain and enjoy them. 

fORK, WILLIAM FOUTS, M. D., was born in 
Clarke County, Indiana, in the year 1851. Will- 
^^ iam Henry Work, his father, was a busy and 
^-'^ prosperous farmer in the eastern part of the 
county. Mary Fouts, his wife, was the daughter of 
Jacob Fouts, who came to this county in 1806 from 
North Carolina, settling on the head waters of Fourteen- 
mile Creek when there were but few settlers in that 
part of the country. The mother sought by every means 
in her power to educate her children, and, being a 
great reader herself, soon impressed their minds with 
the necessity of close application to good books which 
she placed in their hands. There were three children. 
Henry Francis, the eldest, is living with the parents on 
the old homestead. He is a notary public, and is an 
assistant census supervisor this year. He is much re- 
spected in the county. Mary Elizabeth, the sister, mar- 
ried a gentleman from Henry County, Kentucky, Will- 
iam H. Mcllvain, who belongs to one of the oldest and 
most respected families of that great commonwealth. 
The history of the Work family dates back for more 
than three centuries. John Work, the great-great-grand- 
father of William F., was the son of Andrew Work, for 
many years the sheriff of Lancaster County, Pennsylva- 
nia. He with two brothers, Joseph and Alexander, em- 
igrated from the north of Ireland about the year 1720. 
Tliey were not native Irish, but Scotch Presbyterians, 
ilieir ancestors having been driven from Scotland by re- 
ligious persecutions. These three brothers were gentle- 
men of property, wVo wore cocked hats and carried 
swords, asbcfillcil ]ieople of good birth in the reign of 
George 1. Joseph, the eldest, chartered a vessel and 

loaded it with his personal property, having with him a 
number of servants or retainers. The ship was captured 
by pirates, who robbed him of every thing except his 
hat full of English shillings, which he had in a water- 
cask. After a very dangerous and difficult voyage he 
landed on the coast of Maine, at that time a part of the 
province of Massachusetts. These brothers were the 
sons of Andrew, who was the son of Joseph, the son of 
Henry, the first of whom we have any knowledge. 
John R. Work came to this county in 1804 from Fay- 
ette County, Pennsylvania, and settled on Fourteen- 
mile Creek, where, finding a head suitable to his 
purpose, he perforated the solid limestone rock three 
hundred and fourteen feet, making the first tunnel west 
of the Alleghanics, giving a horizontal race six fetst high, 
five feet wide, ninety-four feet below the summit of the 
ridge, and getting a fall of twenty-seven feet. This 
work was performed by five men in two years and a 
half, in which they consumed six hundred and fifty 
pounds of gunpowder, which they themselves manu- 
factured ; digging the saltpeter from the caves in the 
neighborhood, and burning the charcoal; the ingredients 
were mixed by machinery made by Mr. Work himself. 
The whole expense was about thirty-three hundred dol- 
lars. On this mill seat, besides a fine saw-mill, there 
were erected a marble saw-mill and a merchant mill, 
capable of manufacturing one hundred barrels of flour 
per day. Besides these structures Mr. Work built a 
stone block-house, which was used as a fort during the 
Indian troubles, and at the time of the Pigeon Roost 
massacre, which occurred within twelve miles of his set- 
tlement. Samuel Work, the grandfather of the subject 
of our sketch, with his brother Henry and their father, 
came to Clarke County at an early period of its history. 
They started from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in 
the year 1804, and, after a dangerous voyage down the 
Ohio, they reached the falls in the autumn of the same 
year. There they remained until the year 1806, when 
the father died of malignant remittent fever. Ow- 
ing to the malarious condition of the country, they 
moved to the high bluff sixteen miles above the falls. 
Louisville at that time contained a few log houses. 
Henry Work never married; he died a few years ago at 
I he home of his nephew, Samuel M. Work, M. D. 
Samuel Work, the brother of Henry, married the daugh- 
ter of Jesse Henley, and a sister of the Hon. Thomas 
J. Henley, of Clarke County, who for many years repre- 
sented the county in the state Senate and House. He 
was also a member of Congress for many years from his 
district, was appointed postmaster at San Francisco in 
1850, and also Indian agent for California and the terri- 
tories. He was contractor for the western section of the 
Union Pacific Railroad. He died but a few years ago. 
His sons, Thomas J. and P.arclay, were Represcninlivrs 
from California in 1874. Tlic sons of Snni\iol and Kliz- 




[jd Disl. 

abeth are William M., Andrew, Jesse R., Alexander 
C, and Samuel M., who was a prominent physician 
in this county for many years, located at Hot Spring. 
William Fonts Work, M. D., attended a common school 
until arriving at the age of fifteen, when his father sent 
him to Hanover College, where he remained three years, 
although not graduating at that institution. The 
classics were his peculiar delight at college. He mas- 
tered Latin and Creek with ease, but had an abhorrence 
for mathematics. Books of fiction, poetry, history, and 
biography were an especial delight. After leaving col- 
lege he entered the office of his uncle, Samuel M. Work, 
M. D., and after three years of reading and three courses 
of lectures at the Eclectic Medical Institute he graduated 
from that school, January 26, 1875. In 1876 he pur- 
chased the house and office from his uncle and engaged 
actively in the practice of medicine and surgery. On 
the 27th of September, 1876, he was married to Ella 
Dedrich, of Jeffersonville, Clarke County; and on their 
wedding tour they visited the Centennial Exposition and 
all the principal cities of the East. Rube Dedrich, Mrs. 
Work's father, was a resident of Jeffersonville, engaged 
in the mercantile business, in which he had been very 
successful, amassing a handsome fortune. Her mother 
was a daughter of David Lutz, who belongs to one of 
the largest and most influential families in the county. 
Mr. Lutz was born in Clarke County in 1808, near the 
place where he now resides, his father moving into this 
county from North Carolina in 1802. Mr. Dedrich died 
in 1869 of malignant sore throat. His wife, Mary E., 
and two children sleep beside him in the beautiful 
Western Cemetery, near the city of Jeffersonville.' In 
1876 Doctor Work assisted in organizing a lodge of 
the Knights of Honor, in which he was dictator for two 
terms. He represented it at Indianapolis at the opening 
of the third grand lodge of the state, in 1878. He was 
raised to the degree of Master Mason, 1879; elected 
secretary January, 1880, a position he now fills; assisted 
in organizing the lodge of Foresters at Charlestown, 
1878 ; helped to organize their Grand Encampment at 
Jeffersonville, 1879, and was appointed deputy high 
state ranger. The Work family have been Democrats 
in political belief from time immemorial — or since that 
name was assumed by a political organization. Andrew 
Work, son of Samuel, was elected sheriff of Clarke 

County in 1852, serving four years. Doctor Work still 
adheres to the belief of his father ; being a delegate to 
the Democratic state convention held June 9, 1880. 
Doctor Work's religious opinions have always been lib- 
eral. In 1876 he joined the so-called Christian Church, 
but, being convinced of the error under which he con- 
cluded the Churches were laboring, he withdrew his 
membership. He has declared himself an infidel ac- 
cording to Webster's definition of the term. Although 
taking the position he does, he is willing to accord to 
each individual the right to worship God according to the 
dictates of his own conscience. His persona! appearance 
indicates strength of will and body. He is about five 
feet nine and a half inches high, weighing about one 
hundred and eighty pounds; black hair, smooth face, 
high forehead, and Roman nose. 

fARING, JOHN A.,- attorney-at-law, Salem, was 
born in Scott County, Indiana, October 30, .1848, 
and is the eldest son of James W., and Sarah 
e)' (Carlyle) Zaring. He assisted his father in carry- 
ing on the farm, attending school during the winter, 
until, by his diligence in his studies, he was enabled, at 
the age of eighteen, to pass an examination for a 
teacher's certificate. From that time until he was 
twenty-two, he worked on the farm during the summer 
and taught school in winter. In the spring of 1870 he 
entered the State University at Bloomington, Indiana, 
where he spent three years, graduating from the law 
department in the spring of 1874. After teaching 
school one term he settled in Salem, Indiana, and com- 
menced the practice of law, in which he has since con- 
tinued. He is now associated in practice with Hon. 
Horace IlefTren, and, by his close attention to business 
and liis upright and gentlemanly bearing, is fast win- 
ning a way to prominence at the Washington County 
bar. His father and mother were members of the 
Methodist Church, and reared their children in that 
faith. Mr. Zaring is associated with the Republican 
party, and is an active worker in its interest, having 
done much to keep the party in a thoroughly organized 
condition in this, the hot-bed of Democracy. He has 
not been an aspirant for office. 


Fourth Congressional District. 

•- ^=h 


tDAIR, JOHN G., of Brookville, a prominent 
capitalist of that place, was born on the 6th of 
' March, 1821, in the town in which he resides 
''. cP and has always lived. All through his early life 
he was delicate in health, but it gradually improved 
until he is now hale and hearty for one of so many 
years. His father, John Adair, removed from South 
Carolina to Brookville at an early day, and opened what 
was always known as the "Adair Hotel." This house 
is still standing, and is probably the oldest frame build- 
ing in the town. It was kept by him until his death, 
which occurred in 1831. During these years Mr. Adair 
also traded largely in stock, buying and selling cattle, 
bogs, and horses ; he also carried on two stores, trading 
in produce, groceries, etc. The Adair Tavern was 
widely known to shippers and drovers, who went that 
way from many points north to Cincinnati, and made 
this place a stopping point over night. In those days, 
when there were no railroads, hogs and cattle were 
driven on foot from different parts of the state to the 
city, and in such numbers that at times Mr. Adair 
would have two and three thousand in his pens in one 
single night. In 1812 he served in the war as a soldier. 
In 1817 he was married to Miss Trusler, of Virginia, a 
remarkable woman for energy and strength of charac- 
ter. She was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church for many years. After the death of her hus- 
band Mrs. Adair herself conducted the tavern for a few 
years. She was born in 1782 and died at the ripe old 
age of ninety years. John G. Adair remained with his 
father in the tavern until his death, and with his mother 
as long as she had it. In 1850 he took charge of it 
himself, in connection with a brother-in-law, and carried 
it on for many years. His early life was one of toil 
and hard work, while his school advantages were defect- 
ive, owing to the cares and responsibilities devolving 
upon him, and his ill-health. He has, however, made 
a success of his life, having accumulated a fortune in 

his time, and having lived, according to the testimony 
of his neighbors, as a straightforward, honest man. He 
has held no office, but holds definite views on political 
questions. During the war he was a stanch supporter 
of the government, and remains to-day a radical Repub- 
lican. From the first he has been connected with the 
Brookville National Bank, first as a director, but for 
some years past as its president. At one time he had 
an interest in a large flouring-mill. He owns a part of 
the Brookville Machine Shops, and besides has much 
other property. He is a quiet, unobtrusive, and peace- 
able citizen, and is a pleasant, genial gentleman to 
meet. In 1853 he was married to Miss Ellen G. John, 
daughter of Robert John, a very old settler and prom- 
inent man of Brookville. The family of Johns are re- 
markable in many respects. They were long-lived, held 
prominent positions of trust under the government, and 
were strictly representative people. Mr. John was clerk 
of the court fourteen years. One son when quite a 
youth was a company officer at the outbreak of the war, 
and was killed in tlie .skirmish at Middle Fork Bridge, 
Virginia, in 1861. He was one of the first to volunteer, 
and was the first one killed from Ohio or Indiana. John 
P. D. John is a man of fine education, and of great 
ability. He was for seven years president of Brookville 
College, and a while president of Moore's Hill College. 
He is now in Europe. 

jj. LLISON, JAMES YOUNG, of Madison, Judge of 
the Fifth Judicial District Circuit Court of In- 
i^" diana, was born in Jefferson County, Indiana, 
August 20, 1823. He is the son of James and 
Sarah (Cox) Allison. His father practiced at the Madi- 
son bar for several years, but subsequently abamloned 
the law and engaged in milling and mercantile pursuits. 
He died in 1845, in the sixty-seventh year of his age. 


[4th Disi. 

The Allison family in America are of Scotch descent, 
and trace their lineage to five brothers — James, John, 
Robert, George, and Thomas — who left their Highland 
home and emigrated to this county. They served in 
the War of the Revolution, fighting for their adopted 
country; John attaining to the rank of colonel, and 
another of the brothers to that of lieutenant. They 
were with General Washington in his famous march 
through New Jersey, and after the war settled in differ- 
ent parts of the country — James and John in Pennsyl- 
vania, while Thomas chose New York, and Robert and 
George North Carolina. Thomas Allison lived and 
died a bachelor, and from the other four brothers spring 
the numerous branches of the family in the United 
States. James Allison, the great-grandfather of Judge 
Allison, resided near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and was 
for many years an elder in the old Donegal Presbyterian 
Church at that place, where his name may yet be seen 
engraved on a marble slab in the church edifice. True 
to their descent, the Allisons are usually found among 
the pillars of the Presbyterian Church, and Judge 
Allison is no exception to this rule. John Allison, 
whose name adorns the United States Treasury notes, 
is his second cousin, and belongs to the Pennsylvania 
branch of the family. James Y. Allison was left moth- 
erless at the age of thirteen months, and his childhood 
was spent among strangers. From his boyhood he was 
obliged to labor hard for his support, at sawing wood 
or any other kind of work he could find to do. He 
finally learned the trade of wagon-making, and while 
thus engaged utilized every spare moment, night and 
day, in study. He made such rapid progress that he 
was urged by his friends to enter college, which at last 
he did, working at his trade to procure the necessary 
means to defray his expenses. He attended Hanover 
College several terms, and began the study of law un- 
der the Hon. Joseph G. Marshall. Walking from Han- 
over to Madison twice a week, reciting his law lessons, 
and keeping up with his class in college, taxed his en- 
ergies to the utmost. He was an apt student, however, 
and soon attained such proficiency that he was admitted 
to practice, after a rigid examination. He early distin- 
guished himself as an advocate, and was selected as 
prosecuting attorney of the circuit composed of the 
counties of Ohio, Switzerland, Jefferson, Jennings, Rip- 
ley, Bartholomew, and Brown. This position he filled 
with signal ability, and at the expiration of his official 
term he secured a fine practice, contending most gal- 
lantly with such men as Marshall, Bright, Sullivan, and 
Stevens, then the leading members of the Madison bar. 
In 1873 he was elected Judge of the Fifth Judicial Cir- 
cuit, and in 1878 he was re-elected for a second term, 
after a very hotly contested canvass. Judge Allison 
also served a term as state Senator in 1865. His rulings 
as a judge have given general satisfaction. Very few 

cases have been appealed to the Supreme Court, and a 
majority of those appealed have been affirmed. As a 
judge he is industrious, painstaking, impartial, clear- 
headed, and prompt. Having practiced law contin- 
uously for twenty-six years before going on the bench, 
and having now six years' experience as judge — making 
in all thirty-two years of judicial life — he undoubtedly 
possesses all the qualifications for the high position, and 
his personal popularity is beyond all question. In poli- 
tics Judge Allison is a Republican. He has been twice 
married. His present wife, Rachel Antoinette (Mc- 
Intyre) Allison, is a member of one of the oldest 
families in the state; her father was one of the pioneers 
of the city of Madison, being identified with the plat- 
ting and laying out of the town. 

RMINGTON, WILLIAM, physician and surgeon, 
t-j-v' of Greensburg, was born in Saratoga County, New 
York, August 27, 1808. His father, a native of 
New York, was of English descent ; his mother 
was of Swiss extraction. Doctor Armington received a 
good education ; and, after having attended the Medical 
College at New York, removed to Switzerland County, 
Indiana, where he soon acquired a very large practice. 
In 1840, he removed to Greensburg, and there became 
very successful as a physician, and eminent in his pro- 
fession. Possessing a clear and comprehensive intellect, 
he was enabled to ipply rational and philosophical 
methods to the treatment of disease. Few physicians 
earned and retained the confidence and patronage of so 
large a portion of the community. To relieve suffering, 
wherever found, was the leading object of his life ; and 
the rich and poor alike received his sympathy and 
prompt attention. He never sought prominent posi- 
tions, but occupied many. His intercourse with the 
members of his profession was agreeable and sincere. 
He was a safe counselor, and his advice and opinions 
were always respected. He was eminently a practical 
man, and very successful in all his undertakings. We 
may state, as evidence of the public confidence in his 
business ability, that he was elected by a large majority, 
contrary to his wishes, as county commissioner, at a 
time when the county required the best financial 
ability. His services in this position were highly satis- 
factory. When the government appealed to the patriot- 
ism of the country for aid to suppress the Rebellion, 
Doctor Armington was one of the first to respond with 
his means and influence ; and the same spirit inspired 
his four sons, all of whom entered the Federal army. 
Doctor Armington was married, October 10, 1833, 
to Miss Clarissa L. Golay, of Switzerland County, 
Indiana. She died in 1844, leaving four children: 
A. li. Armington, who is interested in the Greensburg 

4th Dist.] 


stone quarries ; Doctor A. A. Armington, a physician 
of prominence and fine acquirements in his profes- 
sion ; Lieutenant A. G. Armington, who died in 1864, 
from disease contracted in the army; and A. N. Arm- 
ington, a law student, who died in 1865. On the 22d 
of January, 1846, Doctor Armington married Miss Ger- 
trude J. McHargh, of Greensburg, a lady of great cul- 
ture. She died in 1867., leaving two daughters — Clarissa 
L. and Mary M. Armington, both remarkable for intel- 
ligence and refinement. The survivors of Doctor 
Armington's family all reside in the city of Greensburg, 
and are greatly esteemed by the entire community. 
Doctor Armington was a kind and indulgent husband 
and father, a sincere friend, an eminent physician, and 
an honest man. He was a member of Lodge No. 36 
of the Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons, and 
was a worthy example of the Masonic principles. He 
died February 24, 1862. His funeral was attended by 
the members of his lodge and a large number of rela- 
tives and friends. 

^NjARWICK, R. P. C, of Brookville, was born in 
Ho Caroline County, Maryland, in the year 1807. 
iS%n Elijah, his father, was a farmer, and a local 
fe^ preacher in the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
during his life reared up a family of eleven children. 
Those were pioneer days in Maryland, and the family 
were subjected to hard labor and many inconveniences 
in consequence. The children attended school three 
months, probably, in the winter time, by going three or 
four miles to some log-cabin used for that purpose. In 
1826 the family removed to Brookville, Indiana. Two 
years previous to this Mrs. Barwick died, but in 1830 the 
father married again. The subject of this sketch, upon 
his arrival here with his father, went to work in earnest 
to help support the family. At first he went to learn 
the wagon-maker's trade, and then lived with General 
Noble, Senator from Indiana, but, inducements being 
offered by Mr. John Adair, the tavern-keeper, he stayed 
there for two years and six months, receiving his 
board and one hundred dollars a year. Out of this 
but little could be saved. But he struggled along, 
making for himself an honest living and a good 
reputation for character. After leaving Mr. Noble's 
he lived for a time at the Adair Hotel, and, after 
Mr. Adair's death, conducted that place of enter- 
tainment. In this business he made some money, but 
soon after he bought a hotel, which burned down as 
soon as it was completely furnished, inflicting a loss on 
him of several thousand dollars. He also engaged in 
the pork-packing business, losing in that several thou- 
sand dollars ; but in other pursuits he was very success- 
ful, having made for himself, in his old days, a hand- 
some competence. In 1833 he was married to Miss 

Mary Cole Scott, of Brookville, formerly of Maryland. 
They had one child only, now dead, but have since 
taken several orphan children and established them in 
life. In 1835 and 1S36 he formed a copartnership with 
Mr. Butler in the dry-goods business. He was engaged 
in a tannery during the war, and for several years 
made money very fast, but he has now retired from all 
active employment. Mr. Barwick and wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and are people 
much admired and respected by their neighbors. 

'3j:) EAGLE, REV. T. WARN, of Vevay, was born at 
"ij^^) Flagg Spring, Campbell County, Kentucky, Feb- 
{T^ ruary 16, 18^6. He received an academic educa- 
(i^) tion at Aspen Grove, Kentucky, and at Mount 
Hygiene Academy, Ohio. He taught school for more 
than three years. In 1858 he married Miss M. K. 
Demoss, in Kentucky. He commenced preaching in 
1859, his first pastorate being the Baptist Church at 
Pleasant Ridge, in his native county. In 1863 he re- 
moved to Rising Sun, Indiana, and lived there about 
four years. The first year he preached half of the time 
there and half at Grant's Creek, five miles distant. 
During three years he preached for the Rising Sun 
Church every Sunday. The Church at Rising Sun, 
when Mr. Beagle first went there, was small and di- 
vided. The patronage of the Baptist State Convention 
was secured, and finally, by hard labor on the part of 
the pastor, the Church became self-sustaining and pros- 
perous. In Rising Sun Mr. Beagle has many friends, 
of all classes and denominations, as is the case wherever 
he has lived. After resigning the care of the Church, 
much against the will of the membership, he went to 
Moore's Hill, where he remained eighteen months. 
After twice tendering his resignation as pastor of that 
Church, having received repeated calls to the pastorate 
of the Switzerland Baptist Church, of Vevay, Indiana, 
he removed to the latter place in 1870, where he is at 
present residing, having nearly completed his ninth 
pastoral year with the Church there. During his pas- 
torate at Vevay the Baptists have erected a church- 
edifice, at a cost of more than twenty thousand dollars. 
Great harmony has at all times existed between the 
pastor nnd membership. As a worker in every good 
cause, he is earnest and faithful ; as a minister, his walk 
is circumspect and upright, as becomes a man of God ; 
as a speaker, he is fluent and earnest, and all who hear 
him are impressed with the belief that he means and 
feels what he says. His social qualities are unsur- 
passed, and his conversational powers are superior. He 
is especially faithful in visiting the sick and the poor, 
and in looking after and supplying their wants. He is 
frequently called upon to deliver addresses at public 


{4th Dist. 

gatherings, at Sunday-school conventions, Fourth of 
July celebrations, temperance organizations, etc. He is 
thoroughly identified with all the moral and educational 
interests of the community in which he lives. Now, in 
the prime of life, he is in excellent health, and bids 
fair to do even more good work in the cause of religion 
and morality in the future than he has done in the past. 

of Madison, was born in Switzerland County, In- 
diana, and is the son of Jesse P. and Nancy J. 
(Hart) Bellamy, who were farmers in moderate 
circumstances, but industrious, pious, and intelligent, 
and have since become comparatively wealthy. They 
had nine children, five sons and four daughters, nearly 
all of whom are possessed of more than ordinary mental 
ability. One of them was the late P'lavius J. Bellamy, 
who represented the counties of Switzerland and Ohio 
in the Indiana Senate from 1866 to 1870, and acquired 
considerable reputation as an orator before his untimely 
death, in 1874. John F. Bellamy, the subject of this 
sketch, from his earliest years manifested a remarkable 
fondness for books. Prior to his fifteenth year, though 
laboring industriously upon his father's farm, he devoted 
to reading and study nearly all his hours of leisure, in- 
stead of wasting them in boyish sports. After toiling 
all day in the field, he would often, when permitted by 
his parents, sit up to read till a late hour at night. His 
Sundays, his evenings and mornings, and the intervals of 
rest at noon, were all so diligently improved by him, that 
he had read the entire Bible through three times, be- 
sides reading Milton's " Paradise Lost," Rollin's "An- 
cient History," and various other books of history, 
poetry, and biography, before he was thirteen years old. 
During the next two years, in addition to other books, 
he read one hundred volumes of "Harper's Family 
Library," which his father had united with some of his 
neighbors in purchasing for the benefit of their children. 
He was not, however, sent to school until he was ten 
years old, his parents preferring to instruct their children 
while of tender years at home, rather than subject them 
to the danger of contracting evil habits from wicked asso- 
ciates at school. As a result of their care and training, it 
is said of Mr. Bellamy, that he was never known to swear, 
to play at cards, to drink any intoxicating liquor, or 
even to use tobacco in any form. At the age of ten he 
entered the common school of his neighborhood, which 
he attended about three months during the winter of 
each year, and there made rapid progress in the study 
of the common branches, being a favorite with his 
teachers, and regarded as the best and brightest scholar 
in the school. Though his parents at that time were 
poor, encumbered witli the care of a large and increasing 

family, and could ill afford to dispense with the services 
of their oldest son, yet, seeing his desire for a good edu- 
cation, they yielded to his entreaties, and sent him, at 
the age of fifteen, to the Indiana Asbury University, at 
Greencastle, where he pursued the regular classical course 
of study, and graduated with the highest honors of his 
class. As a student he was quiet and gentlemanly in 
his deportment, correct and studious in his habits, and 
was not only a diligent student of the text-books, but 
was also an inveterate reader of general literature, 
as well as an active and conspicuous member of the 
" Platonean Literary Society," connected with the insti. 
tution. While at college he was much addicted to 
essay writing and verse making ; and was noted for his 
literary and poetic taste as well as for his general schol- 
arship. Though so young, and of small and compara- 
tively feeble frame, he at the beginning took the first 
rank in his class, and held it to the close of the course. 
Indeed, so high did he stand in all the several depart- 
ments of study that he made the remarkable average of 
ninety-nine and a half — one hundred denoted perfec 
tion — for the entire college course. Prudent and econom- 
ical in disposition, and desirous of lightening the bur- 
dens of his parents as much as possible, he rented a 
room and boarded himself (or "bached," as it was 
called), sometimes alone and sometimes with a chum 
or companion, all the time he was at the college except 
his last year; and not unfrequently he eked out his 
scanty supply of pocket money by sawing wood on Sat- 
urdays, at ten cents per hour, for citizens or other stu- 
dents. At the beginning of his senior year, Mr. George 
Ames, a brother of Bishop Ames, was so delighted with 
a public address delivered by Mr. Bellamy at a college 
performance that, on learning of his superior character 
and scholarship, he employed him as a tutor in his family 
for the instruction of his three daughters. By instruct- 
ing the latter one hour per day, he paid for his board 
and lodging during the last college year. After gradu- 
ating he engaged in teaching for several years; was two 
years principal of the Wilmington Academy, Indiana; 
one year principal of the union high school, at Mt. 
Carmel, Illinois ; and one year principal of the Spring 
Street school, at New Albany, Indiana. As a teacher 
he was industrious and zealous, a good disciplinarian, a 
successful instructor, and much attached to his vocation. 
But failing health at length compelled him to abandon 
it, and, after a year or two of rest and travel in quest 
of health, in 1870 he engaged with his usual industry 
and zeal in the study of the law. In due time he was 
admitted to the bar at Oswego, Kansas, to which state 
he had emigrated, and entered upon the practice of his 
profession. But owing to the loss of a child, the ill- 
health of his wife, and her consequent dissatisfaction 
with a residence in Kansas, he in 1873 returned to his 
native state, and settled in Madison, Indiana, where he 

4th Dist.\ 



has since resided, engaged in the active and success- 
ful practice of law. In 1876 he was nominated by ac- 
clamation as the Republican candidate for prosecuting 
attorney for the Fifth Judicial Circuit of Indiana, con- 
sisting of the counties of Jefi'erson and Scott. The cir- 
cuit was Democratic by a small majority ; but Mr. Bel- 
lamy displayed so much prudence and ability in the 
canvass that he received not only the vote of his own 
party but also many Democratic votes, and was elected 
by a majority of forty. One of the incidents of the 
election most gratifying to him was the high com- 
pliment he received from the Democratic town- 
ship of Milton, in Jefferson County, whose people, 
living adjacent to the place of his birth, had 
known him from his childhood. That township gave 
Williams, Democratic candidate for Governor, a major- 
ity of twenty-two votes, but complimented Mr. Bellamy 
with a majority of sixty, and thereby virtually deter- 
mined the election in his favor. In November, 1877, 
he entered upon the discharge of his official duties, and 
has performed them so faithfully and successfully as to 
make a record surpassed by none. Within less than a 
year he has prosecuted sixteen men for felonies in Jeffer- 
son County, and succeeded in having convicted fifteen 
of that number, of whom one (John W. Beavers) was 
hanged, and fourteen were sent to the penitentiary. His 
official services have been so satisfactory to the people 
that, in 1878, he was complimented with a re-election 
to the same office by an increased majority, having car- 
ried the county of his residence by a majority of six 
hundred and seventy-five, and the circuit by a majority 
of two hundred and eighty-nine votes. By his natural 
talents and professional acquirements, Mr. Bellamy ap- 
pears admirably qualified for the office he holds. He is 
said by those who know him to be a man of the purest 
morals and strictest integrity, a consistent Christian, an 
accomplished scholar, and an excellent lawyer; and is 
conceded, even" by his political opponents, to be an im- 
partial and conscientious as well as a successful officer. 
The diligence and ingenuity with which he worked up 
the evidence in the celebrated murder case of the State 
vs. John W. Beavers, for the murder of John W. Sew- 
ell; the fairness and signal ability with' which he con- 
ducted the prosecution in court; his able argument to 
the jury, in which he so skillfully arranged and com- 
bined the various facts and circumstances of the case as 
to make them all point to the defendant's guilt, "as the 
spokes of the wagon-wheel point to the hub," thereby 
succeeding in having the defendant convicted and 
hanged on purely circumstantial evidence; and also his 
success in other difficult cases depending on circum- 
stantial evidence, have won for him an enviable reputa- 
tion as a criminal lawyer, and give an earnest of greater 
achievements in the future. In 1870, Mr. Bellamy mar- 
ried Miss Jennie Snyder, daughter of Rev. W. W. 

Snyder, of the South-eastern Indiana Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, at Rising Sun, Indiana. 
Their union has been blessed by two children, a son 
and daughter. He and his wife are both members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. '1 hough a Republi- 
can from his boyhood, and a man of decided convic- 
tions, he is not an extremist in politics, but is regarded 
as liberal and conservative in his views. Unassuming 
in his manners and diffident in disposition, he never re- 
sorts to the artifices of the demagogue to win popular- 
ity ; yet, on account of his sterling qualities of head and 
heart, he enjoys in a high degree the esteem ard con- 
fidence of the people in his judicial circuit; and, being 
comparatively a young man, he has bright prospects for 
attaining to still higher honors and greater usefulness. 

ypERRY, HENRY, a native of Rockingham County, 
tO Virginia, where he was born the 20th of June, 
Cjpn '7^3' ■"'^s a descendant of the first colonists that 
fe'-^ settled at Amboy, New Jersey. His whole at- 
tendance at school lasted but three months, but his 
study at home enabled him to acquire as much knowl- 
edge as was necessary for business. He began life for 
himself at an early age. He had only attained his 
twelfth year when he went up to the county seat and 
engaged himself with Mr. Sullivan, a tailor of that 
place, to learn the sartorial art. But his stay with that 
good-natured Irishman did not last long, as a year after 
his employer died — a thing, perhaps, less to be regretted 
by the boy, as his occupation had chiefly been to nurse 
an infant nephew of the tailor, since an eminent member 
of the Indiana bar and a Judge of the Supreme Court, 
Hon. Jeremiah Sullivan. Berry next engaged with a 
nailer, and remained with him until he became a good 
workman, but a new calamity overtook him. Ma- 
chinery was introduced into that neighborhood by two 
enterprising men, by which the nails were headed in a 
vice. As compared with the rapid processes of to-day, 
this method is antiquated, but when placed in contrast 
with the plan previously in use, where a hammer was 
employed to shape them, it was very rapid. The hand- 
workers were undersold, and they were obliged to look 
out for a new trade. But the young man, who had 
grown to be strong and energetic, did not mean to fail 
in life, and, without repining, turned to the black- 
smith's forge, at which he wrought in his native county 
until 1816, when he thought he might venture West. 
He packed all his worldly goods, including a vice and 
anvil, upon a four-horse wagon, and, with his wife 
and four children, departed for Indiana territory. No 
public roads existed, the streams were unbridged and 
the swamps innumerable, but with stout heart he 
plodded on, only being able to make half a dozen miles 


{4//1 Dist. 

in a clay sometimes, anH occasionally finding his wagon 
stuck in the mire. The season had been one of copi- 
ous rains, and, if the roads were bad in dry weather, 
too much could not be said against them in wet. One 
night in November they camped near the house of 
Archibald Talbot, in Butler County, Ohio. Mrs. Tal- 
bot, with the hospitality which has always distin- 
guished the pioneers, invited the family into the 
house, and gave them the best she had, which was 
mush and milk. The result of the meeting was that 
Mr. Berry bought of his entertainer a tract of land 
three miles east of Brookville, Indiana, on which 
he settled, residing there until his death, and in a 
quiet part of which the remains of himself and wife 
now repose. They reached their new home on the 
7th of November, 1816. Judge Berry derived his title 
from having been the Judge of the Probate Court for 
more than twenty years, a position for which his natu- 
ral gifts eminently fitted him. The cause of the widow 
and orphan was safe in his hands, and he enjoyed the 
respect and confidence of his fellow-citizens to a very 
high degree. He was an earnest Methodist, and held 
firmly to their standards of faith until death, which oc- 
curred the twenty-first day of September, 1S64. Of the 
sons of Judge Berry, the eldest is George, who was born 
in Rockingham County, Virginia, February 17, 1811. He 
began the blacksmithing business with his father, but 
did not continue at it, as his health would not permit. 
He became a teacher, subsequently studying medicine, 
at the present time having been engaged in its prac- 
tice for over forty-seven years in Brookville. He has 
been elected to several offices of trust, among which 
we may mention state Senator for three terms. He 
was postmaster during the administrations of General 
Jackson and Mr. Van Buren. He was a delegate to 
the Constitutional Convention of 1850, to revise the 
state Constitution, and for eight years he was county 
auditor. During the Mexican War he was surgeon to 
the l6th Regiment of the United States Infantry. He 
is Democratic in politics. Jesse, the second son, is a 
Virginian, and was born June 14, 1813. He was a 
farmer in summer and a school-teacher in winter. After 
a while he emigrated to Iowa, where he taught the 
first school ever opened in Iowa City. Upon the organ- 
ization of Johnson County he was chosen recorder, and 
clerk of the Commissioners' Court. He was killed in a 
storm on his farm near Iowa City, in May, 1857. 
Henry, the third son, was born in Franklin County, 
Indiana. He originally studied medicine, but only prac- 
ticed it for a short time, when he deserted it for jour- 
nalism. He was for a number of years the editor and 
one of the publishers of the Franklin Democrat, at 
Brookville. While conducting this paper he studied 
law, and was for eight years county clerk of the Circuit 
Court, and is now a member of the legal firm of Berry 

& Berry, of Brookville, composed of himself and his 
brother. Fielding, the fourth son, and partner of the 
preceding, devoted a portion of his younger days to 
school-teaching, also serving at the same time as county 
surveyor. He subsequently studied law. 

ACKMAN, JOHN J., merchant, late of Aurora, 
Indiana, was born in Hanover, Pennsylvania, May 
15, 1814. His parents were in moderate circum- 
stances, and, Mr. Backman dying when John was 
only eleven years of age, the son was early thrown upon 
his own resources. At the very outset of his career he 
displayed the remarkable energy and perseverance which 
characterized him throughout his life. He managed to 
work his way to the city of Baltimore, which he reached 
on foot. He often related that his first suit of fine 
clothes was purchased from the proceeds of the sale of 
chestnuts, which he had gathered while on his way to 
the city. In Baltimore he followed several occupations, 
never missing an opportunity to make an honest liveli- 
hood, until he was enabled to apprentice himself to the 
carpenter's trade, which he mastered. In his after life 
he often remarked that he had never had occasion to 
regret the experience thus gained. After various changes 
of residence, and many and varied experiences, he at 
length, in 1845, came to the city of Aurora, Indiana, 
where he engaged with the firm of T. & J. W. Gaff, in 
the distilling business. Here his zeal, industry, and 
good management soon made itself evident, and he be- 
came manager of the immense establishment. In 1862 
he was admitted to the firm ; and continued actively 
engaged in business up to the time of his death. His 
executive ability M'as remarkable. He personally super- 
intended the working department of the distillery, and 
was thoroughly cognizant of every detail of the busi- 
ness ; nothing seemed to escape his obse'rvation. Com- 
ing into personal contact with every man in his em- 
ployment, he was sincerely respected by all, and his 
popularity among his employes was almost unbounded. 
While strict in his manner of dealing with any derelic- 
tion of duty, he was kind and courteous to all, impress- 
ing his people with the feeling that he was one of them, 
and that their interests were his. His memory is still 
cherished by all his subordinates. Quick in perception, 
punctual in his attention to duty, he never wanted in 
determination to accomplish what he undertook ; full 
of laudable ambition for himself, he did not forget the 
interests of others, and assisted much in giving life and 
activity to the city of Aurora; fond of improvements 
in his own home and surroundings, he also took a lively 
interest in every thing that tended to improve and 
beautify the city of his choice. He was a member of 
the city council for twelve years, and filled the position 

4lh Dut.\ 


with entire satisfaction to the community. He was the 
prime mover in securing for Aurora the beautiful River- 
view Cemetery, in which his remains now rest. He 
was a stockholder in the United States Mail Line be- 
tween Cincinnati and Louisville and in the First Na- 
tional Bank of Aurora. During his whole life Mr. 
Backman was an ardent and enthusiastic Democrat, and 
took an active part in the councils of his party. He 
was a member of the Presbyterian Church of Aurora, 
and one of its most liberal supporters. He was also 
one of the original incorporators and stockholders in 
the Aurora Gas and Coke Company. Mr. Backman 
was twice married. His first wife, Miss Sallie Garrett, 
died January I, 185 1, leaving a family of one son and 
four daughters, who are all married. On the 26th of 
October, 1852, he married Miss Caroline Sutton, a sister 
of Doctor George Sutton, a prominent physician of 
Aurora. Mrs. Backman survives her husband. They 
have a family of four children, all living : Lilian, now 
Mrs. J. H. Lamar, of Aurora; George; Carrie; and 
John, a bright, intelligent boy, fourteen years old, who 
bids fair to follow in the footsteps of his honored father. 
Mrs. Backman is a lady of remarkable energy of char- 
acter and fine attainments. She was in every sense a 
worthy partner of a worthy man; and their home in 
Aurora offered an example of refined hospitality and 
cultured taste. The oldest daughter, Mrs. Lamar, is a 
lady of more than average intelligence and artistic 
tastes. In 1872 and 1873 she traveled extensively in 
Europe and the East, reaching home but a compara- 
tively short time before the fatal illness of her father. 
Mr. Backman was stricken by paralysis November 24, 
1873, and died January 12, 1874. Unremitting attention 
to business had undermined his constitution, which at 
last gave way. In his death Aurora lost one of her most 
enterprising citizens, a model husband and father, a use- 
ful member of society, a public-spirited citizen, a gener- 
ous, hospitable, whole-souled gentleman. 

Aurora, a native of Wood County, West Virginia, 
was born March 22, 1822. He is the seventh son 
of Lewis and Lydia (John) Bond. His father was 
a farmer and a Baptist minister ; he was of English 
descent, and spent his early life in Maryland. Doc- 
tor Bond's mother was of Welsh ancestry, and was born 
in Fayette County, Pennsylvania. His early education 
was received under her kind and intelligent instructions, 
and he was impressed in childhood with that love of 
truth which has marked all his subsequent career. At 
the age of eighteen years he was sent to New Geneva 
Seminary, Pennsylvania, where he remained some three 
years, pursuing scientific and literary studies. He then 

commenced reading medicine with Doctor James Steven- 
son, of Greensboro, Pennsylvania, and completed the 
course with Doctor Hecklin, of Virginia. He had 
early applied himself to the study of the Bible, and was 
always regarded as a pious and worthy young man ; 
and when twenty years old he was baptized by his 
father and received into the Church. When about 
thirty-two he was seized with the conviction that he 
was called to preach the Gospel, and, after consultation 
and prayer, submitted himself to the Church for ordi- 
nation. He was for several years a pastor in charge of 
the Churches at Wilmington, Rising Sun, and Aurora, 
Indiana, and practicing medicine at the same time. 
Becoming convinced that the duties of one profession 
were ample for a man of the largest capacity, he reluc- 
tantly gave up his pastorates. He had removed to 
Ripley County, Indiana, in 1846, and in July, 1848, 
settled in Aurora, where he has since been engaged in 
successful practice. By his skill in the treatment of 
cholera during the great epidemic of 1849, he saved 
many lives and gained a wide reputation. In 1857 he 
attended lectures at the Miami Medical College, Cin- 
cinnati, from which he graduated with honor; and in 
1878 he received the ad enndem degree from the Med- 
ical College of Ohio, in that city. He is a member of 
the Miami Medical Association, of the Dearborn Med- 
ical Society, and of the State Medical Association. He 
was chosen to deliver the oration at the annual reunion 
of the Miami Alumni Association, at Cincinnati, in 
1876, and acquitted himself with distinction. He is 
past president and vice-president of the Dearborn Med- 
ical Society, and past vice-president of the Miami 
Alumni Association. In 1S61 he was appointed surgeon 
of the 15th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and served with 
it at the battles of Cheat Mountain, Laurel Hill, Rich 
Mountain, Greenbrier, and in the campaign of West 
Virginia. Later he was attached to the Army of the 
Cumberland, and served at the battle of Shiloh, and 
the siege of Corinth. In June, 1863, his health failed, 
and he was obliged to resign and return home, where, 
after recovering in a measure, he recommenced prac- 
tice. Doctor Bond served several terms as a mem- 
ber of the city council of Aurora, and has been an 
active member of the board of health for a number of 
years. His good judgment and efficient co-operation in 
all worthy enterprises make him a power for good in 
the community. In April, 1847, he married Miss Eliza 
Bevan, only daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Bevan. 
Mr. Bevan, now deceased, was a farmer and retired 
foundry merchant of Cincinnati. Doctor and Mrs. 
Bond have two daughters now living and one son ; the 
latter, a promising young man, is studying medicine 
with his father. Doctor Bond's professional reputation 
is of the very highest order of excellence. Of strong 
character, healthful presence, and sympathetic heart, 


[4th Dist. 

always calm in the sick-room, he is the typical "family 
physician," and his conscientious fidelity to duty and 
principle has won for him the love and confidence of 
all who come in contact with him, either socially or in 
his capacity of medical adviser 

''5p)0NNER, SAMUEL A., of Greensburg, was born in 
w^ Wilcox County, Alabama, December 5, 1826. He 
(S% is the son of James and Mary (Foster) Bonner, both 
6>^ of Irish parentage, who were married in Abbeville 
District, South Carolina, in 1820, and removed tlie year 
following to Wilcox County, Alabama. There his fa- 
ther engaged in planting, and remained until 1836, 
when, becoming dissatisfied with slavery, and wishing 
to remove his sons from its pernicious influence, he 
changed his residence to Decatur County, Indiana. 
Samuel A. Bonner attended the district school in that 
place until 1843, when he entered Richland Academy, 
in Rush County, Indiana, and prepared for college. He 
entered the freshman class at Miami University, Oxford, 
Ohio, in 1845, remaining there for a period of two and 
one half years. He then went to Center College, Dan- 
ville, Kentucky, and graduated in 1849. I" December of 
that year he became a student in the law office of Hon. 
Andrew Davis, subsequently Judge of the state Supreme 
Court. He then attended the law school of the Indiana 
State University at Bloomington, and on graduating in 
the spring of 1852 commenced the practice of law in 
Greensburg: In 1854 he was elected to the Legislature 
from Decatur County, and in 1856 was elected Judge of 
the Common Pleas Court for the district composed of 
Rush and Decatur Counties, which office he held for the 
full term of four years. Retiring from public life in 

1860, he again engaged in the practice of law in Greens- 
burg, and continued it uninterruptedly until 1876, when 
he was elected Judge of the Eighth Judicial Circuit, 
composed of Decatur, Rush, and Fayette Counties. 
Judge Bonner is a member of the Presbyterian Church, 
but his early religious training was in the Associate Re- 
formed branch, of which his brother. Rev. J. I. Bonner, 
D. D., of Due West, South Carolina, is a prominent 
minister. He married, in Salem, Indiana, November 
II, 1852, Miss Ella M. Carter, who died October 26, 

1861. She was the daughter of Colonel Carter, for 
many years clerk of the courts of Washington County, 
Indiana. Her mother was a sister of Hon. John I. Mor- 
rison, a prominent educator of Indiana, and at one time 
State Treasurer. Judge Bonner married, August 22, 1867, 
Miss Abbie A. Snell, of Holbrook, Massachusetts, a de- 
scendant, through her father's line, of Governor Brad- 
ford, and through her mother's of Peregrine White. 
Judge Bonner is tall and finely proportioned, with a 
handsome, genial, intellectual face. Though a man of 

strong character and positive convictions, he is almost 
without an enemy. Socially, he is distinguished for his 
cordiality and liberality, and in his profession he com- 
mands the respect and admiration of all. 

'3pRACKEN, WILLIAM H., attorney-at-law, Brook- 
tJA; ville, was born September 9, 1838, in Jackson 
CL^ County, Indiana, being the son of William (and 
(i>^ Patience A.) Bracken, a medical man, who prac- 
ticed over forty years in the state, and was also a mem- 
ber of the Indiana State Constitutional Convention, and 
in all walks of life well known and widely respected. 
William H., after receiving a common school education, 
attended Asbury University, on leaving which he was 
engaged for some three years in mercantile business at 
Milroy, Indiana. From there he went to Brookville, 
where he studied law with Wilson Morrow, Esq., from 
September, i860, until he was admitted to the bar, in 
July, 1861. In July, 1862, he assisted in recruiting the 
4th Indiana Cavalry, and entered the service as first 
lieutenant. He was on staff duty most of the time until 
the close of the war, when he returned to Brookville 
and resumed his profession, in which he has continued 
ever since, having a good practice. At the October 
election of 1878 he was elected clerk of the Franklin 
Circuit Court. He is a Knight of Pythias, and Royal 
Arch Mason, having joined the Masonic Order at the 
age of twenty-one. His religious views are liberal. In 
politics he is a Democrat. He was married, January 16, 
1863, to Phebe A. Kerrick, of Woodford County, Illi- 
nois, the daughter of a Methodist minister. They have 
six children, three boys and three girls. Mr. Bracken 
is a man of fine personal appearance, courteous in man- 
ner, of social disposition, a well-read and intelligent 
lawyer, and has met with success in his profession. 

^PIRASHEAR, JOSEPH T., mayor of Madison, was 
Ho born May 10, 1832, in Washington County, Penn- 
^%^ sylvania. He is the son of Brazle V. and Mar- 
fe^ garet (Trotter) Brashear. He attended a common 
school until the age of sixteen, and when there paid 
close attention to his studies, which enabled him to 
obtain a good, sound English education. On leaving 
he went to learn tlie trade of blacksmith, in which he 
continued until 1876. In May of that year, he was 
elected mayor of Madison, receiving a large vote, being 
one hundred and seventy-six, over his competitor. In 
May, 1878 he was re-elected to the same office, by a 
majority of four hundred and seventy-four votes. 
He had also been councilman from his ward from 1867 
to 1876, representing his ward for nine consecutive 

4th Disi.] 


years. Mr. Brashear took an active part in the erec- 
tion of the new city buildings, of which Madison is 
justly proud. In 1 859 he was one of a party of three 
who built a dry dock for the use of his city. He sold 
out his interest in it in 1864, when he embarked in 
boiler building, under the firm name of Brashear, 
Campbell & Co. Two jears afterwards he disposed of 
it, and took the position of foreman in the shops of 
Cobb, Stribling & Co., acting in that capacity up to the 
time of his being elected mayor. In 1853 he became a 
member of the Order of Odd-fellows, in which he has 
taken all the degrees, and also the Encampment. Sep- 
tember, 1879, he became a member of the Order of 
Knights of Honor. His religious views are liberal. In 
politics he is a Democrat, having cast his first vote for 
Franklin Pierce. He was married, August 3, 1853, to 
Nancy Conaway, daughter of Henry Conaway, a farmer 
of Jefferson County, now deceased. They have eight 
children, six girls and two boys. One daughter is now 
married, and resides in Cincinnati ; another married 
daughter resides in Madison ; the others are now attend- 
ing school. Mr. Brashear is a man of fine personal ap- 
pearance, and is in the enjoyment of most excellent 
health. He is a man who is an honor to his town. His 
views are liberal and progressive. He is a gentleman 
of the highest integrity and strictest honor, and is re- 
spected by the community and beloved by his family. 

;RENTON, JOHN T., physician and surgeon, Os- 
good, was born in Clarke County, Indiana, Feb- 
ruary 12, 1830, and is the second son of Francis 
and Mary (Giltner) Brenton. His father was a 
farmer and trader. His grandfather Brenton was a 
captain in the American army in the War of 1812. 
John T. Brenton worked on his father's farm and attended 
the common schools until he was eighteen years of age, 
when he commenced the study of medicine with Doctor 
Samuel Shamwell, New Liberty, Pope County, Illinoi.s. 
He afterward studied with Doctor W. H. Brenton, of 
Brooklyn, Illinois, and attended the Ohio Medical Col- 
lege, in Cincinnati, from which he graduated in 1858. 
He immediately commenced practice in Liberty, John- 
son County, Indiana, where he remained fiv'e years, 
and then removed to Edinburg. After residing there 
until 1876, he removed to Osgood, Ripley County, 
where he has since lived. January 7, 1855, he married 
Mary E. Marsh, daughter of a farmer of Bartholomew 
County, Indiana. They have two sons: Theodore M., 
now studying medicine M'ith his father; and Charlie D., 
who is still in school. Doctor Brenton is a member of 
the Christian Church. He belongs to the Democratic 
party, which he has represented in the state convention 
as a delegate from Johnson Countv. He has devoted 

his whole attention to the practice of his profession, 
and is highly respected in the community in which he 


^AUTLER, WILLIAM W., of Brookville, was born 
TliY in Brookville, Indiana, the eleventh day of 
C|r March, iSio. Amos Butler, his father, was born 
fe^ in Chester County, Pennsylvania, about the year 
1770, and died in 1837. In an early day he entered 
land in Dearborn County, Indiana, but in 1803 he 
became dissatisfied with it; he had been on a trip 
East, and upon returning home found it mostly under 
water several feet deep. He then came to Brookville, 
and entered the tract upon which the town now stands, 
and afterwards lived upon it. He was married to Miss 
Mary Wallace, of Western Pennsylvania. Sl^,e was born 
in 1786, and died about the year 1852. He was in 
poor health, and suffered much from the dropsy. She 
was a member of the Presbyterian Church, but he was 
a Quaker, and for marrying out of the Church lost his 
membership. He remained in Brookville several years, 
and then, considering the little town too wicked and un- 
healthy a place for his family, removed to Jefferson 
County. He had built a mill before leaving, being 
obliged, in those days of Indian paths, to bring his pro- 
visions and mill irons from Cincinnati on pack-saddles. 
The territory of Indiana was at that time entirely new. 
Mr. William Butler, the subject of this sketch, when 
eight years of age, started to school, gaining his primary 
education from the log school, but afterwards attending 
Hanover College. In 1S32 he returned to Brookville, 
and in 1835 began in mercantile business, keeping a 
general assortment of dry-goods. In 1838 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Isabella McCleery, and after a few years left 
the store to carry on farming, but returned to it again. 
In 1842 he disposed of his stock of goods, and from that 
time to the present has superintended his farms and 
other business, living all the while in the city. He was 
in partnership with Mr. John G. Adair for six or eight 
years in a mill. Mr. Butler has been married three 
times. By his last wife. Miss Hannah Wright, he is the 
father of one child, a young man of more than ordinary 
promise, who has lately been in Mexico, the invited 
guest of General Foster, American Minister to that 
country. He is a student of nature, and has made 
zoology and natural history his principal occupation. 
While in that Southei-n climate he made arrangements 
for the capture and preservation of insects, reptiles, and 
animals of every description peculiar to that region, and 
has had good success in obtaining specimens. Mr. 
Butler is now enjoying ease and affluence, the conse- 
quence of a well-spent life. He has the highest respect 
paid him by his neighbors and acquaintances, and is 
known and honored as an honest and useful citizen. 


[ 4th Dist. 

BARTER, COLONEL SCOTT, of Vevay, was born 
in Culpepper County, Virginia, April 19, 1820. 
His parents moved from Virginia to Kentucky 
when he was quite young, and his early days were 
spent on a farm in Boone County, in that state. When 
he was fourteen his family removed to Indiana and 
settled at Florence, Switzerland County. At the age 
of twenty-one he commenced the study of law under 
Joseph C. Eggleston, father of the talented author, Ed- 
ward Eggleston. He attended two courses of lectures 
at Transylvania University, was admitted to the bar in 
1844, and commenced practice at Vevay, where he has 
resided ever since. In 1846 he was elected captain of a 
company which was organized at New Albany, and was 
assigned to J. H. Lane's 3d Indiana Regiment, for 
service in the war against Mexico. They reached the 
Rio Grande River ina New Orleans, and participated in 
the battle of Buena Vista. On his return home, in 
1847, he resumed the practice of law, until the out- 
break of the Civil War, when he took active part in 
raising the 1st Regiment of Indiana Cavalry, and was 
appointed lieutenant-colonel by Governor Morton, Gov- 
ernor Baker being colonel of the regiment. Colonel 
Baker was ordered West with a detachment of six com- 
panies, and the remaining six companies were ordered 
to Washington under command of Lieutenant-colonel 
Carter. There he was made colonel of the regiment, 
which was known as the 3d Indiana Cavalry. Colo- 
nel Carter was sent with his regiment into Lower 
Maryland, where they remained until May, 1862, when 
they were ordered back to Washington for the de- 
fense of the capital. At the time of Stonewall Jack- 
son's raid into the Shenandoah Valley, he was ordered 
to Manassas and Ashby's Gap ; and in part of the same 
campaign acted with General Shields's division in the 
Shenandoah Valley. He was afterward ordered to 
Fredericksburg, and served there under King and Gen- 
eral Burnside. About the time of the second battle of 
Bull Run, the regiment was ordered to Washington, and 
to Edward's Ferry, on the Upper Potomac, after Gen- 
eral McClellan assumed command of the army. The 
regiment was engaged in several skirmishes before the 
general engagement at Antietam, in which it bore a 
very active part. Colonel Carter's command was in the 
advance at Fillemont, Union, Upperville, Barber's Cross 
Roads, and again at Amosville. They were principally 
engaged in outpost duty up to and including the battle 
of Fredericksburg. Colonel Carter remained in active 
service with his command until after the battle of Chan- 
cellorsville, when, his health having become seriously 
impaired, he resigned his commission and returned home, 
in 1S63. For over three years he suffered serious in- 
convenience from the effect upon his constitution of the 
exposures incident to his military life. In 1868 he was 
elected Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for the 

counties of Jefferson, Switzerland, Ohio, and Dearborn. 
He was re-elected in 1872, and in March, 1873, was 
legislated out of office, the Common Pleas Court being 
abolished by the state Legislature. He also served as 
Judge, by appointment of Governor Willard, and as 
United States commissioner. Judge Carter was orig- 
inally a Whig, but when that party passed out of ex- 
istence he allied himself with the Democrats, and has 
voted and acted with them ever since. His initial vote 
was cast for Henry Clay, in 1844. He was a Wliig 
elector in 1852, when General Scott was a presidential 
candidate. He has done some effective work in speak- 
ing for the candidate of his choice, but for the last few 
years has retired from active political life. He is a man 
of strong convictions, and outspoken in his views upon 
all subjects. He is a member of the Roman Catholic 
Church. February 19, 1848, he married Miss Susan M. 
Chalfant, a lady of Virginian descent. They have three 
children, two sons and a daughter. In personal appear- 
ance. Judge Carter is very striking. His head is mass- 
ive, the forehead broad and high, and crowned by a 
luxuriant growth of snow-white hair, while his long, 
flowing beard, and tall, well-proportioned figure make 
him at once dignified and imposing. His bearing is 
soldierly, and in conversation he is pleasant and genial. 
He is popular in a surprising degree for a man of his 
force of character and somewhat radical opinions. 



HRISTY, SAMUEL, cashier of the Citizens' Na- 
tional Bank, Greensburg, was born in Decatur 
County, Indiana, August 7> 1827. His parents, 
z)^ Samuel and Mary (Rollins) Christy, were born in 
Greenbrier County, Virginia, of English parentage. 
They removed to Fayette County, Kentucky, about the 
year 1820, and settled upon a farm near Lexington, 
where they engaged in agriculture and stock trading. 
In 1826 they removed to Decatur County, Indiana, and 
continued in the same business for some time ; but, not 
being satisfied with his success, Mr. Christy sold out, 
and returned to Kentucky in 1836, settling in Florence, 
Boone County. There he engaged in the manufacture 
of boots and shoes until 1840, when he returned to De- 
catur County, Indiana, and remained until his death, in 
1854. Samuel Christy, junior, received a good educa- 
tion in the common schools, and remained upon the 
farm with his father until eighteen years of age. He 
then purchased a stock of dry-goods in Westport and 
entered the mercantile business on his own account. In 
this he had moderate success for two years, when he 
sold out and engaged in teaching school, and other 
occupations. In 1852 he entered as clerk and salesman 
the dry-goods store of A. R. Forsyth & Co., and con- 
tinued in their employment four years. In 1S56 he as- 

4th Dist.\ 



sisted in the organization of the Greensburg Bank, and 
became cashier, A. R. Forsyth being president. After 
occupying this position ten years he resigned, and, with 
David Lovitt and Levi P. Lathrop, organized the Citi- 
zens' Bank of Greensburg, which was, in 1871, reor- 
ganized as the Citizens' National Bank. Mr. Christy's 
business life has been eminently successful ; he has 
always given close attention to his business, avoiding all 
outside speculations. At the same time he has taken a 
deep interest in all matters of importance to the welfare 
of the community in which he lives. He is an active 
and worthy member of the Presbyterian Church. Since 
1869 he has been a trustee and member of the Greens- 
burg school board. He served on the committee that 
superintended the erection of the elegant school build- 
ing, and the fine house of worship, just completed, by 
the First Presbyterian Church. These structures are 
both exceedingly well adapted to their uses, and stand 
as monuments of the good taste and liberality of the 
citizens of Greensburg. Mr. Christy is in politics a 
Republican. He was married. May 17, 1849, to Miss 
Elizabeth Freeman, of Kentucky. She died December 
14, 1850, leaving one daughter, who is still living. 
January 29, 1866, he married Margaret, daughter of 
David Lovitt, Esq. ; she died February 5, 1877. Three 
children of this marriage are now living. 

|OGLEY, THOMAS JONES, M. D., of Madison, 
\f^|l was born in 1814, near the town of Kittanning, 
Pennsylvania, and is the son of Joseph and Rachel 
^ (Jones) Cogley. His early education was received 
in the old log school-house near his father's farm. He 
early evinced a fondness for books, and employed all 
his leisure in the pursuit of knowledge, studying at 
night by the light of" the coal fire and a tallow candle. 
At the age of seventeen he mastered, unaided, algebra, 
surveying, and natural philosophy ; and when twenty 
years of age taught school in the neighborhood for a 
short time. He also attended the academy in Kittan- 
ning. The day after he was twenty-one, he left his 
home for the state of Indiana, where, in Union County, 
he read medicine with an elder brother, and at the same 
time studied the rudiments of Latin and Greek. After 
eighteen months, he passed a rigid examination by the 
state medical board, and received a license to practice. 
This he commenced in 1837, and four years later en- 
tered the Medical Department of the Transylvania Uni- 
versity, at Lexington, Kentucky. After taking a full 
course of lectures, he graduated with the title of M. D. 
in March, 1842, in the twenty-eighth year of his age. 
He afterwards went to Europe, and studied under the 
leading physidans and surgeons of Great Britain and 
France, visiting, in the course of his studies, the hos- 

pitals of Dublin, Edinburgh, Belfast, Glasgow, London, 
and Paris. Before leaving home he had acquired an 
imperfect but practical knowledge of both the French 
and German languages. Having accomplished the 
main objects of his sojourn in Europe, namely, the im- 
provement of his professional knowledge and the resto- 
ration of his health, which had become impaired by 
severe mental and physical labor, he returned home, 
and in 1845 established himself in the city of Madison, 
in the regular practice of medicine and surgery. He 
soon became largely engaged in the treatment of the eye 
and ear, and diseases of women, in which he was so suc- 
cessful that he was compelled to lay aside a part of his 
general practice. Many of his patients came from a 
great distance, including the states of Virginia, Ohio, 
Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Min- 
nesota, and Illinois. By perseverance and energy alone 
he mastered many branches of science ; but the intense 
labors of his early years undermined his strong consti- 
tution. He has now partially retired from practice on 
account of ill-health. In the course of his practice he 
repeatedly performed lithotomy, once exsected one-half 
of the lower jaw, and twice removed the parotid gland. 
He has many times operated successfully for cataract, 
with the needle, by corneal flap, extracting without 
iridectomy, and by Von GraefTe's method of extracting 
with iridectomy ; and is convinced by the results of his 
operations that the latter method is most effective. 
Doctor Cogley was elected a member of the Ohio State 
Medical Society in 1843 ; of the Indiana State Medical 
Society in 1855 — he became president of the same in 
1856; and a member of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation in 1857. He has furnished the medical journals 
of Cincinnati, Louisville, and Nashville with accounts 
of the transactions of the associations of which he is a 
member; and he also contributed largely of other mat- 
ter. Doctor Cogley possesses fine social qualities, and 
his deportment is characteristic of the true gentleman. 
His demeanor towards strangers is distant, commanding 
their respect ; while on a near acquaintance he proves a 
valuable friend, or an uncompromising enemy. He is 
well built, being five feet nine and a half inches in 
height, and weighing one hundred and eighty-five 
pounds. His religious views are in accordance with 
those of the Presbyterian denomination. Doctor Cogley 
has been twice married. 

SONWAY, JOHN WALLACE, M. D., of Madison, 
was born in Jefferson County, Indiana, April 11, 
]^(S\ 1827. His parents, William and Elizabeth Con- 
'^o^ way, were born and brought up in Kentucky, and 
emigrated to Indiana soon after its admission as a state. 
John W. Conway was brought up on a farm, and ob- 


[4th Dist. 

tained his early education in the proverbial log school- 
house. Early evincing a fondness for books, he was 
liberally supplied with them ; and, by the light of a tal- 
low candle or a bright wood fire, spent his evenings 
absorbed in study. He improved every moment, even 
carrying boohs to his work, and drinking in knowledge 
while his tired team was resting in the plow. He was 
early sent to a select school, patronized chiefly by young 
men; the teacher being a profound scholar. Here he 
advanced in the rudiments of an ordinary education 
until he was competent to pass an examination for a 
more advanced school. He never entered college, how- 
ever, but studied higher mathematics, chemistry, botany, 
and the rudiments of anatomy and physiology, with 
the teacher above mentioned. He early evinced a taste 
for the classics, and at the age of fourteen, by hard 
study at night and the assistance of Professor Williams, 
he gained as thorough a knowledge of the Greek and 
Latin languages as is possessed by most college gradu- 
ates of the present day. The study of anatomy and 
physiology gave him a taste for medical and surgical 
literature; and at the age of nineteen he commenced 
preparation for his chosen profession — the science of 
medicine. After two years devoted to close study, he 
entered the Starling Medical College, at Columbus, Ohio. 
He then entered the old Ohio Medical College, and re- 
mained there until he received his degree, March 3, 
1849, since which time he has been actively engaged in 
his profession. During his leisure he has studied many 
of the sciences which are of great aid to the science of 
medicine ; chemistry and agricultural chemistry, miner- 
alogy, geology, and astronomy have been a part of his 
reading. As a practitioner of medicine and surgery, he 
has been eminently successful. In the capacity of sur- 
geon he has performed most of the usual operations, as 
well as some very difficult and heroic ones. As an in- 
stance of the latter he was called into the country in a 
case of obstetrics, and found the patient in such a con- 
dition that only the most energetic means promised any 
chance for life. Assisted by two farmers, who held tal- 
low candles, the only available light, he performed gas- 
trotomy, or the cresarean section, and saved the life 
of both mother and child. This is the only case of the 
kind in the state of Indiana in which the patient has 
survived the operation. A full account of it will be 
found in the Cincinnati Lancet of either April, May, or 
June, 1863. Doctor Conway's literary productions are 
of no mean order. He has contributed to most of the 
literary journals of the day, and to scientific and literary 
papers. He is also a poet of no mean order, having 
written and published many stray pieces, some of 
which have received very flattering notices from jour- 
nalists, as well as from higher literary sources. Before 
he was twenty years old his effusions filled the poet's 
corner of many a newspaper. 

^RAVENS, MAJOR JOHN O., attorney, Osgood, 
Indiana, was born May 25, 1834, at Versailles, 
Ripley County, Indiana, and was the third son of 
Hon. James H. and Sophia (Copits) Cravens. After 
attending the Ripley County Seminary he entered, 
in 1S52, Asbury University, and graduated from the 
scientific department in 1853. He then entered the law 
office of his father; and, having graduated from the 
Cincinnati Law School in the winter of 1837 and 1838, 
was admitted to the bar in the latter year, and immedi- 
ately commenced practice at Martinsville, Indiana. In 
April, 1861; he enlisted as a private in Company G, 9th 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry, being one of one hundred 
and twenty-three men who went to Indianapolis and 
tendered their services to Governor Henry S. Lane two 
days before President Lincoln issued his call for volun- 
teers. This was the first body of men in the state, out- 
side of the city of Indianapolis, who offered themselves 
to their country. In the winter of 1861, having been 
previously promoted to the rank of lieutenant, he was 
detailed as an aide-de-camp to Major-general R. H. 
Milroy, and was subsequently commissioned major and 
assistant adjutant-general on his itzK by President Lin- 
coln, and retained the position until the close of the 
war. Although detailed from the company to which he 
belonged, and not serving with it after 1861, his men 
elected him their captain in 1S63, and he was commis- 
sioned accordingly by Governor Morton; but, having in 
the mean time received higher rank from the President, 
he could not accept the captaincy. This fact illustrates 
the esteem in which he was held by his comrades in 
arms. He served in twenty-seven engagements, among 
the most important of which were Winchester, Second 
Bull Run, Cross Keys, Strasburg, Slaughter Mountain, 
and Murfreesborough. On retiring from the army, 
he resumed the practice of his profession. In 1872 he 
was elected prosecuting attorney of the Sixth Judicial 
Circuit; he was re-elected in 1874, and again in 1876. 
In politics. Major Cravens is a Republican. October 
22, 1862, he married Maggie Kite, an adopted daughter 
of Colonel Thomas Smith, of Versailles, Indiana. 
They have had five children, of whom two sons are 

j|^fROZIER, AMOS W., sheriff" of Ripley County, was 
Hf^] born in Dearborn County, Indiana, October 5, 
JjJ) 1838, and is the eldest son of John and Angeline 
y^ (Wilson) Crozier. His grandfather Crozier was a 
colonel in the Black Hawk War, and was one of the 
pioneers of Indiana, having removed to that state from 
Pennsylvania in 1804. His father was a leading Demo- 
crat in the district in his day, and in 1855 ^^^ 1856 
represented his county in the state Legislature. Amos 
Crozier had good opportunities for securing an educa- 



4 Ik Visi.] 



tion, which he improved. After attending the common 
schools, in 1856 he entered the State University at 
Bloomington, where he spent two years. His early life, 
when he was not attending school, was spent in assisting 
his father on the farm. In 1863 he went to California, 
where he spent several years, engaging in farming, min- 
ing, trading, and various other occupations. In 1865 
he returned, and purchased a farm in Dearborn County, 
Indiana, which he carried on until 1868. He then sold 
out, and bought the Lancaster flour-mills, of Orange 
County. After running them one year he sold them, 
and soon after purchased the Milan mills, which he 
conducted until he was elected sheriff, in the fall of 
1876. In the fall of 1878 he was re-elected to the same 
office. In June, 1867, he married Amanda A. Durham, 
daughter of Hon. N. C. Durham, of Sparta, Dearborn 
County, Indiana. They have had four children, two 
sons and two daughters. In politics Mr. Crozier has 
always been a Democrat, and has taken a very active 
interest in the affairs of his party. He is an active sup- 
porter of the free school system. Having been largely 
engaged in the manufacture of flour, and also exten- 
sively interested in the stock trade, he has done much 
towards the development and improvement of the 
county. He is a close observer of human nature, and 
a valuable and enterprising citizen. 

rUMBACK, WILLIAM, lawyer and statesman, 
1^1 Greensburg, Indiana, was born in Franklin County, 
j-CT) Indiana, March 24, 1829. His parents, John and 
cJ"* Elsie Cumback, were natives of New Jersey, of 
German and Scotch descent. William Cumback ob- 
tained his early education by attending school in the 
winter and working upon his father's farm in the sum- 
mer. He made such progress in school as to distance 
his teachers, and thus found himself without instructors. 
By cultivating a piece of land which he rented, he was 
enabled, through hard work and self-denial, to supply 
himself with an outfit for college. With this, and four- 
teen dollars and seventy-five cents in his pocket, he set 
out for Miami University. He paid his tuition and room 
rent in the college building by ringing the college bells, 
and by using the most rigid economy remained six 
months. He then resorted to teaching school as the 
means best adapted to advance his own education and 
afford a support. This he continued for several years, 
at the same time pursuing the study of law, completing 
his course by attending lectures at the law school at 
Cincinnati. In 1852 he married Miss Martha Hulburt, 
a lady of education and culture, and in 1853 settled in 
Greensburg, Indiana, where he began the practice of his 
profession. He early distinguished himself by his bold 
and manly attitude on the liquor question, which at that 

time was appealing to the courts, and, by a conscientious 
regard for truth and justice, won the esteem and con- 
fidence of the community with which he had identified 
himself. In 1854, Mr. Cumback, then but twenty-five 
years of age, showed himself such a thoroughly repre- 
sentative man that he was unanimously nominated by his 
party for Congressman. In politics he found his voca- 
tion, for, though not a professional politician, Mr. Cum- 
back is a politician by nature. No man was ever more 
happy and effective on the stump. With a fine physique, 
a resonant and commanding voice, a ready wit, a genial 
humor, and a sympathetic eloquence, he holds a crowd 
enthralled, and sways them at his will. The youngest 
member of the Thirty-fourth Congress, he made a con- 
spicuous figure in the debates of that body; and, partic- 
ularly in the Kansas investigation frauds, the young de- 
bater won from the editor of the New York Trihme the 
highest encomiums, when praise from Horace Greeley 
was fame. The speech was reported by the Tnbiine, 
and had also a wide circulation through other promi- 
nent journals. So highly was Mr. Cumback's course 
approved by his constituents that in 1856 he was re- 
nominated by acclamation, but, with his party through- 
out the country, suffered defeat. In i860 he was nomi- 
nated as elector for the state at large by the Republican 
State Convention, and ably canvassed Indiana for the 
election of Abraham Lincoln. Being the first on the 
electoral ticket, he cast the first electoral vote of his 
native state against the slave power, to overthrow which 
he had so long and steadfastly battled. When the great 
Civil War broke out, Mr. Cumback enlisted as a private 
soldier at the first call for Union troops, and was soon 
after appointed paymaster. In this capacity his tact and 
efficiency were so conspicuous that he was promoted to 
a district department, with a large corps of subordinates 
under his control. His high character for honesty and 
punctuality commanded large sums, with no other secu- 
rity than his word, and he was thus able to forestall 
government supplies by his hold on public confidence. 
When he requested to be mustered out, so exactly and 
faithfully had he rendered his accounts that, although he 
had received and disbursed over sixty millions of dollars, 
he was enabled to balance his books in three days — an 
example of business rectitude unprecedented in govern- 
ment affairs. Mr. Stanton, recognizing his efficiency, 
offered him the position for life in the regular army; 
but, the war being over, he declined, and returned to 
the practice of his profession, poorer in purse than when 
he left it. In 1865, during his absence, his party re- 
nominated him to the state Senate, to which he was duly 
elected. Soon after taking his seat, the Governor of the 
state was chosen to the United States Senate, and the 
Lieutenant-governor became Governor. This made a 
vacancy in the presidency of the Senate, and Mr. Cum- 
back was chosen to that position. How well he filled 



[4th Dist. 

the place may be inferred from the following resolution, 
offered by the leader of the opposition, and passed by a 
unanimous vote, at the close of the session : 

"Resolved, That the most cordial thanks of the Senate 
are hereby tendered to Hon. William Cumback for the 
ability, integrity, and impartiality with which he has 
uniformly discharged his arduous labors as president of 
this body; that, for the urbanity, harmony, and pros- 
perity of our deliberations, we are greatly indebted to 
his deep sense of justice and his elevating reverence for 

While he was president of the Senate the fifteenth 
amendment to the Constitution of the United States 
came before the Legislature of Indiana for ratification. 
Mr. Cumback was an ardent advocate of the measure. 
The Democratic members of that body bitterly opposed 
it, and to prevent its passage resigned, leaving less than 
two- thirds of the Senators in their seats. The Constitu- 
tion of the state provides that two-thirds of each House 
shall constitute a quorum. In this unusual dilemma 
many of Mr. Cumback's political friends asserted that 
the true meaning of the Constitution is, that two-thirds 
of those who remain, and not two-thirds of the whole 
number, constitute a quorum. Mr. Cumback maintained 
that it required two-thirds of the whole number elected, 
and that the recent resignations destroyed the Legisla- 
ture ; that the fifteenth amendment could not pass, 
nor could any legislative work be done, in accordance 
with the Constitution. This decision required courage ; 
but he made it, and stood by it, notwithstanding 
the great pressure brought to bear against it. During 
the next session, the fifteenth amendment passed the 
Senate with a quorum present. Two years later the 
opposition had the majority, and at a time not war- 
ranted by the Constitution undertook to pass an appor- 
tionment bill which, if passed, would have destroyed the 
political power of the Republicans for years. To pre- 
vent this, more than two-thirds of the Republicans re- 
signed. Governor Cumback, being president of the 
Senate, announced his former ruling, and saved his 
party. Had his sense of right yielded two years before, 
all would have been lost. In 1868 Mr. Cumback was 
nominated for Lieutenant-governor, and canvassed the 
entire state ; and, although the ticket, embraced many 
strong and popular men, the force of Mr. Cumback's 
popularity carried him far beyond his ticket, and secured, 
after his inauguration, his nomination by more than 
two-thirds of his party for United States Senator. A 
combination of friends of other candidates, however, 
defeated his election, disappointed the popular will, and 
occasioned the deepest regret, to his many political and 
personal friends throughout the state; but, unlike most 
defeats, enthroned him more securely than ever in the 
hearts of the people. He continued to hold the ofiice 
of Lieutenant-governor until the spring of 1870, when 
he was appointed Minister to Portugal by the President, 

and confirmed by the Senate, but, preferring to serve his 
country at home, he declined the honor. In 1S71 he 
was appointed collector of internal revenue in the dis- 
trict in which he resides, which position he holds at the 
present time (1878). In 1S71 he was chosen to deliver 
the address of welcome on the part of the state to the 
delegates from all the other states at the national con- 
vention held at Indianapolis. His address was one of 
the happiest efforts of his life. Mr. Cumback has not 
only done much service to the state, but is a pillar in 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he has long 
been a member. At the General Conference, held in 
New York, in 1872, he was appointed one of the twelve 
general trustees of the Church. In 1867 he was elected 
president of the State Sunday-school Union, and dis- 
charged the duties of his ofiice so acceptably that he 
was re-elected in 1868. In 1867 he was chosen to de- 
liver the address on the occasion of the meeting of 
the four Methodist Conferences, at Indianapolis, and 
acquitted himself in his usual felicitous manner. In 
personal appearance Mr. Cumback is tall, of somewhat 
aldermanic proportions, with a handsome, genial, intel- 
lectual face, and most cordial and engaging manners. 
Socially, he is distinguished for his liberality and hospi- 
tality. He is a man without an enemy ; for his large 
humanity embraces all his race, and neither party feuds 
nor religious differences separate him from his kind. 
In the district where he is collector, although the taxes 
amount to over three millions of dollars each year, there 
has been no fraud or loss to the government. In May, 
1876, he was a member of the General Conference of 
the Methodist Church, which met at Baltimore, and took 
an active part in its proceedings. In June of the same 
year he was chairman of the Republican delegation from 
Indiana to the National Republican Convention, at Cin- 
cinnati. It is thought that by his management Governor 
Hayes received the nomination, on the seventh ballot. 
He was chosen to represent the state on the national 
Republican committee, and attended and took an active 
part in its meetings in the memorable campaign of 
1876. In November of that year he was one of the 
men sent from Indiana to New Orleans to witness the 
count of the returning board. In 1878 the board of 
bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church chose him . 
as the lay delegate to go to Atlanta, with Rev. Doctor 
C. D. Foss, to take to the General Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in the South the fraternal 
greetings of the Church in the North. It was a del- 
icate duty, yet it was performed so well as to command 
hearty approbation. Mr. Cumback has been in the lec- 
ture field for the last four years, and each season has 
more invitations than he can accept. These requests 
are from all parts of the Union, and the press has 
been unanimous on the favorable criticisms of his 


4th Dist.\ 

fRIGGS, ABRAHAM, commissioner of Dearborn 
County, is a native of that county, and was born 
November 5, 1835. His parents, Charles and 
Annie Briggs, emigrated from England to In- 
diana, where they engaged in farming. Abraham at- 
tended the common schools of his native state, and, 
when he arrived at the age of manhood chose farming as 
his occupation. Although not a politician he has long 
been a leader of his party in his immediate section. He 
served as township trustee for five years. (His father 
had previously held that responsible position, and had 
also been commissioner.) In 1876 he was elected to the 
important position of commissioner of Dearborn County, 
and was one of the three commissioners who directed the 
building of the very ornamental and substantial monu- 
ment to the county in the shape of the great iron bridge 
over Laughery Creek. Upon it his name is inscribed as 
a testimony to his services. The length of this bridge 
is three hundred and one feet, the depth of cord from 
top to base forty-one feet, and the weight over two 
hundred and forty tons. Mr. Briggs married, in 1862, 
Miss Runnel, of Dearborn County, Indiana. 

I AFF, JAMES W., manufacturer, formerly of Aurora, 
was born in Springfield, New Jersey, in the year 
1816. His parents were James and Margaret Gaff, 
both natives of Scotland, from which country they 
emigrated to the United States in 1811. His father fol- 
lowed the business of a paper-maker, and his son fol- 
lowed that business for a time, but afterwards became a 
distiller. Mrs. GafT, the mother, was highly esteemed 
by those who knew her, and lived to old age, surrounded 
by all the comforts which her children could give her. 
Tames W. Gaff received an elementary education at the 
district school, and, after acquiring a knowledge of the 
distilling business, removed to Philadelphia, where he 
entered into partnership with his brother, Thomas Gaff. 
Their enterprise was successful for a while, but the 
continual policy of the government in changing duties 
finally acted disastrously to them, and they were com- 
pelled to close up their establishment at a loss, then re- 
moving to Indiana. The money received from the sale 
of their place in Philadelphia enabled them to go into 
business at Aurora. Grain was much cheaper in the 
West, and the increased facilities they gained for the 
transaction of affairs soon made them acquire much 
wealth. Before the outbreak of the Civil War James 
W. Gaff lemoved to Cincinnati, where he ever after 
made his residence, and entered in partnership with 
C. L. Howe, as C. L. Howe & Co. He was a man 
eminently fitted for business. Nature had gifted him 
with a clear head and a comprehensive understanding, 
and after he once understood a thing he was not de- 



terred from embarking in it by the fear of failure. At 
the time of his death he was engaged in thirty-two dis- 
tinct firms and lines of business, nearly all of them 
successful, and some on the very largest scale. He was 
a member of J. & J. W. Gaff & Co., brewers, Aurora; 
Gaff, Fleischman & Co., compressed yeast, Riverside; 
J. W. Gaff & Co., distillers, Cincinnati; T. & J. W. 
Gaff & Co., distillers, Aurora; Parker, Wise & Co., ship 
chandlers, Cincinnati ; Perin & Gaft" Hardware Com- 
pany, Cincinnati ; as well as many others ; and became 
a man of great wealth. He was extremely industrious, 
and very careful about details, paying attention to the 
minutest particulars. He was generous and benevolent, 
and was very kind to young men, many of whom he no- 
ticed and advanced to positions of honor and trust. He 
had faith in them. He never held any office except 
that of state Senator. He had an instinctive repug- 
nance to the ways of politicians, and never desired pub- 
lic station. His death occurred in Cincinnati on the 
23d of January, 1879. His health had been failing for 
two years previously, occasioned by overwork, and he 
had been to the Adirondacks and to the Eastern coast, 
but without much help. He also made a long visit to 
the Kankakee region in Indiana, where he had consid- 
erable land, but without avail. It was too late. 

'cCLURE, WILLIAM, of Brookville, was born 
on the 1st of May, 1802, at Rocky Springs, 
Harrison County, Kentucky, but only lemained 
there a short time, when the family removed to 
Hunt's Grove, Ohio. In 1807, after a few changes, they 
settled in Brookville, where Mr. McClure still resides. 
His father was of .Scotch-Irish descent, and moved from 
Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, in 1783, to Lex- 
ington, Kentucky. In this early day his work was that 
of a pioneer. In the year 1798 he was married to Miss 
Phoebe Eads, with whom he lived until 1840, when he 
died of a malignant fever. His death occurred on the 
last day of that year. He was a soldier in the war of 
1812; and being a very early settler in this state had 
many a skirmish with the Indians. William McClure, 
the subject of this sketch, was the second child — his 
brother, next older, was drowned when a boy but ten 
years of age. Mrs. McClure was an exemplary wife and 
mother. She possessed energy and Christian fortitude, 
and braved through many a struggle for the love she 
bore to her children. She died in 1839. Mr. McClure 
was inured to the hardships of early pioneer life from 
the first. He was an early settler in Franklin County, 
and, in consequence, received but a meager education. 
His father was poor, and moved about much, making it 
necessary for him to walk three and four miles, often- 
times, to school. This, for a few weeks or months each 



[4th Dist. 

year, constituted his educational opportunities ; but he 
has always been a close student and a great reader. 
He pursued a course of study, being his own preceptor, 
until he became tolerably conversant with questions 
of history, law, and mathematics, and having a good 
knowledge of astronomy and geography. Offices of 
trust were generally ignored, although he held that 
of Justice of the Peace for four years. He was always a 
warm supporter of Lincoln's administration, and gave 
of his means freely for the suppression of the late 

o'^RiS^ — 

[off, MICHAEL, commissioner of Dearborn 
County, is a native of Bavaria, Germany, and was 
\ educated in tliat country. He was then apprenticed 
to learn the shoemaker's trade, and remained in 
that capacity two years. In 1835 he emigrated to 
America, and worked at his trade in Pennsylvania, Ohio, 
and Indiana until 1837, when he settled on a farm in 
Dearborn County, Indiana. There he worked at his 
trade and at farming. In the mean time, in 1836, he 
had married Miss Mary Catherine Lege, daughter of a 
well-to-do farmer of Dearborn County. Mr. Hoff has, 
from time to time, added to his possessions, until at the 
present time he owns four hundred acres of as good land as 
the county affords. He served as trustee of his township 
for ten years. He is now county commissioner from the 
second district — having been elected in 1876. His term 
expires in 18S0. As such his name adorns the Dearborn 
entrance to the great iron bri