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3 1833 02402 2839 


Eminent and Self-made Men 
















JI_HE history of Indiana is not an ancient one. It is the record of the steady growth 
J^ of a commumty planted in the wilderness within the present century, and reaching 
1^ its magnitude of to-day without other aids than those rendered by industry. There are 
those yet living who remember the battle of Tippecanoe as a contemporary event; the 
children of many of those who fought in that struggle are still with us and with our 
sister states. It is only a short time since we parted with venerable citizens whose 
memories extended back to 1787, when the great ordinance was passed that opened the north- 
west to settlement and civilization. The boys and girls now attending school will be at the head 
of families before we can celebrate our centenary. It is true that before the Revolutionary War 
there were a few scattered settlements beyond the Alleghanies; but these are in no sense the 
progenitors of Indiana, Illinois, or Michigan. They had no communication with each other, and 
scarcely with France, their common mother; and those who dwelt in them were as truly exiles 
as if they were on the island of Juan Fernandez. They heard no echo of the outside world, 
excepting once a year, when a vessel from home arrived in the Mississippi and dispatched its 
stores to the villagers. The French towns made no advance on the forest; no further immigration 
followed their planting, and the sole permanent memorials we have of them are the names of 
some rivers and towns, and the preservation of French surnames by their descendants. The 
true life of the community began when immigrants arrived from Virginia, North Carolina, and 
Pennsylvania, soon to be followed from New York and New England. The land was an almost 
perfect plain, except near the Ohio, and this vast expanse was wooded from Lake Erie to the 
southern boundary, save in the prairies of the north-west. Before the peace with Great Britain, 
in 1815, settlements were not safe. The scattered pioneers were in danger from Indians, often 
covertly abetted by the English ; ferocious beasts were numerous, there were long distances 
between one town and another, and the paths were completely uninhabited. As a consequence, 
the settlers were obliged to manufacture every thing for themselves. Their clothes were homespun, 
and their furniture was shaped by the ax. The houses in which they dwelt were log cabins, 
each standing in a little clearing, and the rod and the gun were obliged to supplement the 
necessarily scanty yield of the ground, for no soil can produce much farm produce when 
encumbered by trees, and felling them was tine first task to which the pioneer addressed himself. 
When, however, by the treaty of Ghent, we were secured in the possession of our rightful 
boundaries, troubles ceased with the red men, and roads were laid out, immigrants came pouring 
in, and from that time to this the state has not stood still. Schools were begun, the newspaper 
press was established, and steamboats carried the products of the soil to distant lands and 
returned other commodities in exchange. When the Erie Canal was completed in New York, 
the example of that state was imitated in Indiana. She began an extensive series of internal 
improvements, which, although they plunged her in debt, were of the greatest value for her future 
prosperity. Not long afterwards railroads were first put into operation, and bv them settlers had 

a facility in reaching tlie fertile lands of the state which they had not previously had, and the 
enterprise previously shown was redouliled. Every thing produced in the United States can 
now be obtained within thirty-six hours of the time when ordered. This material progress has 
not been gained at the expense of more important things. Indiana has not neglected higher 
education nor the claims of humanity ; colleges and high schools, asylums and hospitals, exist 
in numbers, and, with the exception of a few abstruse branches rarely taught in universities, no 
student has occasion to go elsewhere to pursue his studies. The soil yields abundantly; food is 
cheap, and labor is in demand. Had we not become accustomed to the spectacle, such growth 
would seem as marvelous to us as Aladdin's palace did to the potentate who surveyed its stately 
proportions tlie morning after its construction. Two millions of people, four hundred thousand 
dwellings, two hundred thousand farms, five thousand churches, are now where a few years since 
all was void and desolate. 

It is this history we celebrate in our pages. The advancement of the state has been that 
of its people. The first generation subdued the soil, with eyes continually fixed upon a 
savage enemy; the second opened up the slate to the world, built its canals, and began its 
railroads; and the third has completed the task set by its predecessors, and aided in suppressing 
the great rebellion. In this nearly every man in the state was engaged, and Indiana loses 
nothing by comparison with its sisters. Its fame thus acquired is great and honorable, and we 
iiave devoted much of our space to those who have won an enviable record in the struggle. 
But while narrating their deeds, we have not omitted to mention those who were engaged in 
peaceful pursuits. Our book is chiefly a record of living men. It has been a subject of regret 
to us that we have so few memorials of the fathers of our republic. Their task was arduous, 
and a grateful community should preserve them in remembrance. When Indiana shall become 
old and staid, when fortunes are hereditary, when libraries and historical societies are to be found 
every-where, memorials of the heroic age of the state will be eagerly sought, but probably 
unavailingly, so little care has been taken for this purpose. As far as possible we have endeavored 
to supply deficiencies which wk have known to exist, but indifference, idleness, and a desire 
often to suppress the truth have stood in our way, and we have not been able to gain full 
particulars of many but those now living. These we represent from all classes, professional, 
business, and agricultural, and we believe our pages contain a fuller account of the people of a 
state tiian has ever before been given. Comparatively few have had the benefits of an excellent 
education; nearly all have wrought out their destinies for themselves. It is a source of gratifica- 
tion to us that we have been able to gather so many details, and the future historian will find in 
our pages an inexhaustible storehouse of material. The state is growing; every-where manufac- 
tures have begun, and what is new and crude will speedily change for the better. But we do 
not believe liiat those who shall attempt our task in the future will find more sincere and worthy 
men, or more sclf-saciificiag patriuls, than those whose histories we here relate. 

Index of Portraits. 

Dist. Page 

Adrian, James A lo i 

Ames, George 13 I 

ArmslrOMg. A. F 11 2 

Annstroi.g. Uel \V i 3 

Arthur, Christopher S. ...11 4 

Baer, O. P 6 3 

Bayard, Samuel i 6 

Bender, John S 13 7 

Birdsell, John C 13 8 

Blair, Alonzo 7 loi 

BInke, James 7 i°2 

Bloss, Jolin M I 7 

Boyce. James 6 .2 

Bradeii, Daniel C 6 it 

Bradley, Nelson 7 9 

Brady, John 6 -16 

Biady, Thomas J 6 93 

Brinkman.H i 9 

Brown, Austin H 7 t2 

Brownlee, William R 9 2 

Buckles, Joseph S 6 16 

Bundy, M. L 6 17 

Burton, George W 2 5 

Buskirk, George A. 5 5 

Campbell, James 2 7 

Carpenter, Willard i 12 

Carr, Nathan T 5 6 

Cary, Oliver H. P 11 8 

Casebeer, Jacob B 12 13 

Cauthorn, Henry S 2 g 

Caven.John 7 -6 

Chase, Hiram W 9 5 

Clancy, Albert W 6 19 

Clark, George C 6 20 

Clark, HaymoudW 9 5 

Claypool, Benjamin F 6 22 

Cobb, O. P 4 83 

Coffroth, John R 9 8 

Colborn, A. R 13 15 

Cole, C. B 3 7 

Cole, James W 5 7 

Colerick, D. H 12 19 

Colerick, John 12 18 

Compton, Isaac M 8 8 

Converse, Joel N 6 08 

Cook, Frederick W i 16 

Coquillard, Alexis 13 17 

Corbin, Hor.ace 13 18 

Corby, William 13 122 

Cowgill, Calvin n ,, 

Cnmliack, William 4 13 

Cummins, Stephen M 13 19 

Dakin, George M 13 19 

Davidson, Robert P o g 

Davison, Andrew 4 17 

Day, Samuel D 7 27 

DePauw, Washington C. 3 10 

Douglass, Robert 7 32 

Downey, Ale 

Drake, Jam, 
Dudley, Wil 

Earl, Adams 

Early, Jacob D 

Edgertou, Alfred P. . 
Edgerton, Joseph K. 
Edwards, William H 

Ekin, James A 

English, William H... 
Evans, Jesse L 

, W. S . 


Fletcher; Miles J 7 

Foley, lames B 
Fowler, Inman 
Fowler, Moses., 
Franklin, Willi; 
Friedley, Geoij 

Gaff, Ja 

, Abr; 

ing, David S.... 
ins, Samuel B.. 
on, Jonathan W 

Grove, John B 5 

Hackleman, E It 

Harding, Myron H 4 

Harding, Stephen S 4 

Havnes, Jacob M n 

Heilman, William i 

Hendricks, Thomas A.... 7 

Hervey, Robert G 8 

Holmes, Samuel W 3 

, W. C 7 


Horton, Theodore 
Hough, John. 
Hough, Willi: 

Howk, Ge 


Hunter, W. D H 4 

Huston, William 6 

Hyatt, Elisha 2 

Irwin, Joseph 1 5 

Jennings, L 
Johnson. Ri( 
Johnson, Th 
Jump, Samu 


Kahlo, Charles 10 

Keith, John A 5 

Dist. Page 

Keith, Sljuirel 5 21 

Kilgore, Alfred 5 47 

Kilgore, David 6 46 

Kinsey, Isaac 6 i 

Kline, W. B 5 48 

Lamb, James 4 41 

Landers, Franklin 7 ,24 

Lee, John S 29 

Link, John E 8 31 

Loftin, Sample 7 126 

Lomax, William n 26 

Long, Thomas B 8 57 

Love, John 7 ,28 

Lowry, Robert 12 i 

Macaulev, Daniel 7 133 

Macy, David 7 251 

Malott, Volney T 7 229 

Manson, Mahlou D 7 135 

March, Walter 6 51 

Marsh, Elias J ,, 29 

Marsh, Ephraim 7 142 

Marsh, John 6 53 

Marshall, Joseph G 4 47 

Martindale, Elijah B 7 281 

McClellan, Charles A. 0.12 47 

McCnlloch, Hugh ,2 40 

McDonald, Isaiah B 12 51 

McDonald, Joseph E 7 147 

McDowell, James F 11 32 

McKeen, William R 8 35 

McRae. Hamilton S 6 55 

Mitchell, John ,2 53 

Mitchell, Samuel M c 29 

Moore, Samuel ,, 33 

Morrical. Frank H 10 30 

Morris, Morris 7 258 

Morris, Thomas A 7 259 

Morton, Oliver P 7 153 

Nebeker, George 8 38 

Neely, Thomas S 6 59 

Newman. John S 7 

Niles, John B ,3 45 

Oliver, James.., ,3 47 

Parvin, Theophilus 7 262 

Pearson, James C 2 28 

Peed, Henry A 13 51 

Peirce, Martin L 9 24 

Peirce, Robert B. F 8 40 

Perkins, Samuel E 7 169 

Pettit, John U II 36 

Phillips, T. C .1 I 

Polk, Robert L 5 64 

Porter, Albert G 7 256 

Powell, Charles G 13 52 

Powell, Nathan 4 50 

Powell, Simon T 6 65 

Dist. Page 

Ratliff, Joseph C 6 68 

Ribble. William 5 70 

Rice, Martin H 7 178 

Ridpalh, John C 5 36 

Roache. Addison 1 7 252 

Robertson, Robert S 12 62 

Robinson, James H 12 64 

Robinson, Milton S 9 25 

Romaine, Samuel B i? ■■■•22 

Root, Deloss 7 181 

Roper James A 13 55 

Rose, Chauncey 8 41 

R""yan, J. N 13 56 

Schenck, U P 4 56 

Schmuck, Gabriel 7 188 

Scott, John T 8 44 

Shanks, John P. C II 55 

Sherwood, Marcus i 49 

Shipley, Carlton E 6 75 

Shoemaker, John C 7 190 

Simonson, Alfred 2 31 

Sleeth, James M 7 197 

Sorin, Edward 13 58 

Spann, John S 7 207 

Spencer. Jacob W 11 48 

Staley, Erastus H 9 27 

Stephenson, George W... 6 78 

Stewart, David M 6 79 

Stone, Asahel 6 80 

Stndahaker, John 11 52 

Studebaker Bros 13 60 

Sullivan, Jeremiah 4 62 

Sutton, George 4 64 

Sweeney, Z. T .- 5 43 

Sweetser, James 11 54 

Taylor, Samuel M g 29 

Templer, James N 6 82 

Thayer, Henry G 13 63 

Thompson. David 6 83 

Trnsler, Nelson 7 230 

Waldron. Edward H 9 30 

Wallace. W. DeWilt 9 31 

Webb, Willis S 7 237 

Welborn, J. F i 57 

Wilcoxon, Lloyd 6 87 

Williams, Hugh T 4 75 

Williams, James D 2 40 

Williams, Jesse L ,2 75 

Williams. Samuel P 12 77 

Winstandley, John B 3 41 

Winterbotham, John H...13 73 

Winloii, R 6 90 

Wolfe, Adam 6 89 

Woollen, William W 7 243 

Woolley, Amos 13 75 

Wright, C. E 7 276 

Wysor, Jacob H 6 91 


Dfst. Page 

Adair, John G 4 i 

Adams, Joshua G 5 i 

Adams, Thomas B 7 ■ 

Addison, John 7 3 

Adrian, Ji.nies A 10 i 

Albert, Jolin C 2 i 

Allen, Horace U 7 279 

Allen, Johnson W 13 i 

Allison, James G 4 

Ames, Edward R 7 

Ames, George 13 

Anderson, Thomas i. 

Andrew, George L 13 

Andrew, William 13 

Anthony, Samuel T 6 

Armstrong, Addison F....11 : 
Armstrong, Edward A. 

Armstrong, Joseph D i 

Armstrong, Uel W i 

Armstrong, William B. C. 2 

Armstrong, William P 8 

Armington, Willian, 4 : 

Arnold, George 11 

Arnold, John 6 

Arthur, Christopher S....ti 

BabcoCK, Elisha S i 

Backnlan, John J 4 < 

Baer, O. P 6 

Bain, William C. A 3 

Baker, Conrad 7 10; 

Baker, David V. C 11 8 

Baker, John H 13 

Baker, William i : 

Baldwin, Da.uel P 10 ; 

Baldwin. .3 

Ball, William C 8 1 

Bannister, Samuel N 7 

Banta, William H 10 

Barbour, Oliver P .3 

Barker, John H .3 ; 

Barker, William L i 

Barmore, David S 3 

Barnaby, Howard 13 fz 

Barnard, Obed to 

Barnes, Henrv F 7 

Barnett, Martin A. . 13 

Barnum, Abel 12 

Bartholomew, Artillus V..10 
Bartholomew. Pliny W.... 7 ( 

Barllett. Thomas 2 

Barwick. R. P. C 4 

Bassetl, Thomas J 3 

Bayard. Samuel i I 

Bayliss, Jeremiah H 7 

Baxter, |ames R 2 

Beach, John S 8 3: 

Beagle, T. Warn 4 

Beardsley, Havila 13 

Bearss, Daniel R 11 

Bearup, Henry 1 13 

Beck, Wilham H 6 10 

Beckner, James F to 

Beem, David E 5 

Beharrel, Thomas G 7 

Helding, Stephen 2 

Bell, Harvey 6 

Bell, William A 7 

Bellamy, John F 4 

Bement, Charles R i 

Bender, John S 13 

Benjamin, Horatio N 6 

Bennett, Thomas W 6 

Benoit, Julian ,2 

Benz, John 3 

Berry, Henry 4 

Berry, Nineveh 9 

Best, James 1 12 

Belts, Howar.l M 12 

Biddle, Horace P 10 

Bigger, Finley 6 

Bigger. Samuel 12 

Birdsell, John C 13 

Black, Milton i 

Blair, Alonzo 7 to 

Blake. James 7 10 

Blancliard, Caleb H 12 

Blanche, Willis 11 

Bland, iM. Cora 2 

Bland, Thomas A 2 

Blessing, John 7 I 

Bliss, Malcolm G 10 i: 

Blish,John H 3 

Bloch, Gotthilf. 10 I. 

Bloss, John M I 

Blount, Henry F i . 

Blount, Warren 6 I 

Bobo, James R ti I 

Bond, Charles D 12 ; 

Bond, Richard C 4 ; 

Bonner, Samuel A 4 I 

Boone, Ratliffe t I 

Boor, William F 6 ic 

Borden, lames W 12 ( 

Boswell, Thomas H s 

Boswell, William H 9 

Boyce, James 6 i: 

Boyd, James T 7 ■: 

Bracken, William H 4 I 

Braden, Daniel C 6 i 

Bradford, Samuel P 12 ; 

Bradley, Augustus 3 

Bradley, Nelson 7 ( 

Brady, lohn 6 ''il 

Brady, Thomas J 6 9; 

Brakeman, Nelson L 10 

Branham, Alexander K... 7 1 

Brashear, Joseph T 4 1 

Brazelton, John 3 

Brcen, John N 2 

Brenton, John T 4 • 

Briggs, Abraham 4 ■■T 

Bringhurst, Thomas H.... 10 i 

Brinkman, Henry I 

Brodrick, Nehcmiah F....13 t2 

Brotberlon. William 6 i, 

Brower, Norman V t3 

Browne, Thomas M 6 r 

Brown, Joseph 9 

Brown, Allen W 3 

Brown, Austin H 7 1 

Brown, Eli W 12 

Brown, George P 7 i 

Brown, Henry B 10 i. 

Brown, lames M 11 

Brown, Jason B 3 

Brownfielcl. T"hn 13 r 

Brownlee, John 1: 

Brownlee, William H 9 

Bryan, Anthony i 

Buchanan, Jacob S i 1 

Buchanan, James 7 , 

Buchanan, Samuel it 

Bucklen, Isaac 13 i 

DlBt. Page 

Buckles, Abraham 6 15 

Buckles, Joseph S 6 16 

Bulla, Joseph M 6 18 

Biindy, Augustus E lo 13 

Bundy, Martin L 6 17 

Bunyan, William 12 10 

Burnell, Samuel 12 11 

Burchenal, Charles H 6 15 

Burke, Michael F 2 4 

Burger, John .0 .. 

Burnet, Stephen S 2 s 

Burrell, Bartholomew H.. 3 6 

Burson, John W 6 17 

Burson, George 10 13 

Burton, George W 2 5 

Biiskirk, Clarence A 7 13 

Buskirk, George A 5 5 

Buskirk, John W 5 6 

Buskirk, Samuel H 7 249 

Buller, Eli H 6 18 

Butler, John H 3 6 

Butler, John M 7 15 

Buller, William W 4 

Bulterworlh, W. W 13 §22 

Byers, Alexander R i 11 

Bynum, William D 2 6 

Cadwallader, Nathan... 6 g8 

Calkins, Wilham H 13 11 

Can. pbell, James 2 7 

Campbell, John C. L 2 7 

Campbell. Samuel N 9 3 

Cannon, Greenberry C... 3 7 

Caress, James M 3 7 

Carleton, Wellington J... 7 103 

Carpenter, Willard I 12 

Carr, Nathan T 5 6 

Carr, William 12 12 

Carringlon, Henry B 8 2 

Carson, William W 12 17 

Carter, Chauncey 10 14 

Carter, Scott 4 10 

Carter, William W 8 6 

Carver, Lewis E i2 12 

Cary, Oliver H. P 11 8 

Casebeer. Jacob B 12 13 

Cason, Thomas J 9 4 

Castle, Jay M to 15 

Caulhorn, Henry S 2 9 

Caveu, John 7 16 

Chamberlain, Orville T...13 12 

Chandler, John J I 15 

Chandler, Morcan 7 19 

Chapin, Aneusiiis A 12 +44 

Chapman, Charles W 13 12 

Charles, Emily T 7 20 

Chase, Charles H 13 13 

Chase, Dudley H 10 15 

Chase, Henry 10 16 

Chase, Hiram W 9 5 

Chalard, Francis S 2 7 

Cheney. John J 6 19 

Chipman, Samuel H 13 14 

Chittenden, George F... 9 6 

Christy, Samuel 4 1° 

Church, Osman W 10 14 

Clancy, Albert W 6 19 

Clapp, William M 12 15 

Clark, George C 6 20 

Clark, HayinOMdW 9 5 

Clark, Olhniel L 9 7 

Claypool, Abraham J 6 23 

Dist. Page 

Claypool, Benjamin F 6 22 

Claypool, Solomon 7 21 

Clayton, John R 7 22 

Clugston, David R 12 18 

Cobb, O. P 4 83 

Cobb, Thomas U 2 10 

Cobiirn, John 7 249 

Coffev, Silas D 8 7 

Coffroth, John R 9 8 

Cogley, Thomas J 4 ,, 

Colborn, A. R 13 15 

Cole, Albert 11 10 

Cole, C. B 3 7 

Cole, James W 5 j 

Cole, Leonidas A 13 15 

Colerick. John 12 18 

Colfax, Schuyler 13 16 

Collett, John 7 23 

Collett, Josephus 8 55 

Collins, Frederick L 13 17 

Collins, James S 12 20 

Commons, William 6 97 

Compton, Isaac M 8 8 

Converse. Joel N 6 98 

Conwav, John W 4 11 

Cook, Frederick W 1 i6 

Cooper, George W 5 9 

Coqnillard, Alexis 13 17 

Corbin, Horace 13 18 

Corby, William 13 {22 

Cotteral, William W 6 23 

Cowan, John M 8 9 

Cowgill, Calvin It It 

Crane, Charles E 2 11 

Cravens, James H 7 263 

Cravens, |nhn 4 12 

Cravens, Samuel C 2 9 

Crowe, Samuel S 3 8 

Crozier, Amos W 4 12 

Culbertson, John W 7 26 

Culbertson, Robert H 8 9 

Culver, Primus P 9 8 

Cnmhack, William 4 13 

Cummins, Stephen M 13 19 

Curme, Arthur A 6 99 

Curtiss, George L 7 25 

Daii.ey. Joseph S 11 13 

Dakin, George M 13 19 

Darnall, James M 11 12 

Davenport, Bei'jamin L..13 20 

Davidson, Robert P 9 9 

Davis, Charles L 10 16 

Davis, ClarksoM 6 24 

Davis, Fielding L 1 16 

Davis, Jefferson C 7 27 

Davis, John Steele 3 9 

Davis, Joseph W 13 23 

Davis, T. Henrv 6 93 

Davis, William P 3 to 

Davison, Alexander A 3 8 

Davison. Andrew 4 17 

Dawson, John W 12 20 

Day, Samuel D 7 27 

Defrees, Joseph H 13 21 

De La Matyr, Gilbert 7 29 

De Long, Alexander W. II ij 

Denby, "Charles i 17 

Denny. James M 12 22 

DePauw, Washingion C. 3 10 

Dillon, Patrick 13 24 

Dobbs, Cyrus J 7 31 

DiBt. Page 

Doherty, Fisher 8 lo 

Dorman, Francis R 4 19 

Douglass, Alexander J. ...12 23 

Douglass, Benjamin P 3 il 

Douglass, Robert 7 32 

Downey, Alexander C 4 19 

Downey, William D 1 18 

Downs, Thomas J i 18 

Doxey, Charles T 9 lo 

Drake, James P 7 33 

Dudley, William W 6 24 

Dufour, Ferret 4 21 

Du Hadway, Caleb S 6 26 

Dunbar, Hamilton J 7 34 

Dunning, Paris C 5 10 

Durham, James F 4 22 

Duzan, George N 9 9 

Dwenger, Joseph 12 24 

Eagle, J. C 6 ro; 

Earl, Adams 9 11 

Early, Jacob D 8 11 

Early, Samuel S., of 

lirownstown 3 " 

Early, Samuel S., of 

■lerre Haute 8 13 

Eaion, Thomas 1 7 36 

Edgerton, Alfred P 12 '•■44 

Edgerton. Joseph K 12 24 

EdsoM, Hanford A 7 37 

Edson, Joseph P 1 19 

Edson, William P i 18 

Edwards, William M 2 rt 

Effinger. Robert P tt 14 

Ekin, James A 3 .3 

Elder, James 6 26 

Elliott, Jehu T 6 27 

Elliott, John 7 38 

Ellis, Erastus W 13 25 

Ellis, John W 13 24 

Ellis, Jonallian W 11 14 

Elston, Isaac C 8 14 

Kmbree, Elislia i 19 

Emerson, Frank 3 16 

Emswiler. George P 6 29 

English, William H 7 209 

Enslcy, George 12 25 

Ensminger, Joseph 8 .5 

Erwin, Franklin B 13 26 

Erwin, John C 13 2S 

Essick, Michael 1 10 16 

Evans, Jesse L 9 36 

Evans, Owen 6 28 

Evans, Robert M i 20 

Evans, William L i 20 

Everts, Orpheus 7 38 

Ewing, Charles W 12 25 

Ewing, George W 12 26 

Faii-INC, Walter r ■.•! 

F.arrington, Almond S 12 ,7 

Ferguson, James C 7 30 

Ferguson, Samuel W 9 33 

Kernandes, Daniel H 5 17 

Fcrrall, Joseph D 12 28 

Fcrrier, William S 3 16 

Fetia, Christian 6 29 

Field, Elisha C 10 17 

Field, Nathaniel 3 17 

Finch, FabiusM 7 n 

Finch, Hii'am G 12 

Firestone, John H 12 29 

Fisher, Daniel W 4 22 

Fisher. Stearns 11 16 

Fisk, Ezra W 5 ,1 

Fitch, Charles H 3 19 

Fitch, Graham N 10 17 

Filch, Lcroy 10 18 

Fletcher, Calvin 7 271 

Fletcher, Miles J 7 42 

Foley, lames B 4 23 

Ford, James .1 15 

Foust, Franklin H 11 29 

Fowler, Inman H 5 13 

Fowler, Moses 9 13 

Francis, Harry H 13 27 

Frankhn, William M 5 14 

Fraicr, J.imes S 13 27 

Freeman, Amii W 4 24 

Freeman, Azariah 10 18 

Fricdiey, George W 3 12 

Fromm, John F 10 20 

Dist. Page 

Fullenlove, Thomas J 3 18 

Fuller, Be.ioni S i 21 

Fulton, Joseph 9 14 

Gaar, Abram 6 30 

GafT, James W 4 "h 

Gafr, John H 4 25 

Gaff, Thomas 4 25 

Gale, Jesse M 12 29 

Galvin, George W 7 43 

Gardner, Elbridge G 2 13 

Garrigus, Milton ii 17 

Garver, William 9 15 

Gavin, James 4 =6 

Gent, Thomas 5 15 

Gerrish, James W. F 3 19 

Gibson, John 2 13 

Gilbert, Curtis 8 is 

Gilbert, John I 22 

Gilbert, Samuel E I 23 

Gillespie, William 4 27 

Gillett, S. T 7 43 

Givcns, Noah S 4 27 

Gleason, Newell 13 28 

Glessner, Oliver J 7 45 

Gooding, David S 7 227 

Goodman, Reuben S 12 t44 

Goodwin, John R 4 28 

Goodwin, Thomas A 7 47 

Gnokins, Samuel B 8 17 

Gordon, Jonathan W 7 48 

Gordon, Oliver C 6 31 

Gorsuch, Charles W 7 63 

Gould, Samuel W 13 29 

Graham, John A 11 iB 

Gramelspacber, Alois 2 13 

Graves, ICersey 6 31 

Gray, Isaac P 6 32 

Gray, John W 2 14 

Gray, Samuel F 7 268 

Gregory, Ralph S 6 33 

Green, Edward H 4 29 

Green, John 9 15 

Green, Martin R 4 2' 

Green, William F 7 63 

Greene, James W 8 20 

Griffin, Elihu 10 20 

Griffis, Theodore L 6 31 

Grisard, Frederick I 4 30 

Grose, William 6 loi 

Grove, John B s -5 

Guipe, John 13 30 

Haas, Isaiah i 24 

Hacker, William 7 64 

Hackleman, E 11 19 

Hacklemaii, Pleasant A... 6 34 

Hackley. Frederick S ii 21 

Hagen, Andrew 7 65 

Hager, Jonathan B 8 21 

Haggart, Mary E 7 66 

Haines, Abraham B 4 15 

Hains, James M 3 20 

Halfortf, Elijah W 7 69 

Hall, Jacob A 7 68 

Hall, Samuel A 10 21 

Hall, Wesley C s 16 

Hall, William 4 31 

Ham, Levi! 13 30 

Hamilton, Allen 12 30 

Hamilton, Samuel 7 68 

Hammond, Abram A 8 21 

Hammond, Edwin P 10 21 

Hanna, Baylcss W 8 22 

Hannn, Hugh 11 21 

Hanna, John 7 69 

Hanna, Robert 7 70 

Hanna, Samuel .2 32 

Hanna, Thomas 5 16 

Harding, George C 7 71 

Harding, Myron H 4 81 

Harding, Stephen S 4 77 

Harlan, Levi P 7 75 

Harrington, Henry W 7 76 

Harris, Jacob R 4 31 

Harris, Lee 7 78 

' Harrison, Benjamin 7 79 

Harrison, William H 2 15 

Hart, Andrew T 7 8a 

Haughey, Theod 
Haughton, Richa 
Hawkins, Nathai 
Hay, Andrew J.. 

mond, William S.. 

lies, Jacob M , 

nes, Robert P 

eirigg, Harvey G. 

, Zacha 

Hazlett, Ja 

Headington, John W 11 

Headington, Nimmd 11 

Hedges, Johns 6 

Heffren, Horace 3 

Hege, Samuel 5 

Heilman, William i 

Heiiier, Frederick 7 

Heller, James E 7 

Helm, Jefferson 6 

Helm, John C 6 

- ■ Jo- ■- 

, Tho 

; B.. 




Hendricks, Thomas A 

Hendricks, William.... 

Hendry, Alanson W.... 

Henry, W. Crawford.. 

Herbert, Ralph P.., 


Robert G.. 

Hiatt, Allen R 6 

Hibberd, James F 6 

Hicks, R. S I 

Hill, James W 3 

Hill, Ralph 7 

Hinton, James S 7 

Hodgson, Isaac 7 

Hodson. John M 6 

Hofr, Michael 4 

Hogeland, Israel 7 

Holley, Sylvester J 13 

Holloway, David P 7 

Hollowav, William R 7 

Hollowell, Amos K 7 

Holman, Jesse L 4 

Holman, William S 4 

Holmes, Samuel W 3 

Holmes, William C 7 

Holstein, Charles 1 7 

Hord, Francis T 5 

Home, John 6 

Horrall, Albion 2 

Horton. Theodore 11 

Hosford, Charles E 8 

Hoskins, James M 8 

Hostetter, Henry 12 

Hough, John 12 

Hough, William R 7 

Howard, Da ' ' 

Id, Jor 

, Noble P 7 

Howard, Tilghman A 8 

Howell, Mason J i 

Howk, George V 3 

Hubbard, Charles S 6 

Hndnut, Theodore 8 

Hudson, William D 9 

Hudspeth, Thomas J i 

Hufr, Thompson D a 

Hughes, Thomas E 12 

Humphreys, Louis .3 

Hunt, Franklin W 10 

It, Hubbard 10 


, Mo 

Hunter, W. D. H 4 36 



Huston, Ta - . 

Huston, William 6 

Hyatt, Elisha 2 

Iddings, Hiram 12 

Iglehart, Ferdinand C 5 

• gle,John,Jr , 

win, Elisha ,3 

win, John W ,3 

Win, Joseph T 5 

win, Joseph W I 


K .. 

:k II. 

Dist. Page 

Jennings, Jonathan 3 24 

Jennings, Levi A 6 103 

Jewett, Charles L 3 25 

Johnson, George S 4 37 

Johnson, Henry 12 41 

Johnson, Isaac C ,, 25 

Johnson, Israel 10 24 

Johnson, larvis J 5 20 

Johnson, Richard 4 40 

Johnson, Thomas ¥. 7 106 

Johnson, William H 10 25 

Jones, Aquila 7 108 

Jones, Charles W 2 19 

Jones, John 4 38 

Jones, William H 4 41 

Tudah, Samuel 2 19 

Julian, George W 7 i„ 

Julian, Jacob B 7 109 

Julian, John F 7 ,2, 

Jump, Samuel V 6 44 

Justice, James M 10 25 

Kahlo, Charles 10 26 

Keith, Benjamin F 2 20 

Keith, John A 5 20 

Keith, Squire 1 5 21 

Kemper, William H 6 +4 

Kennedy, Peter S 8 27 

Kenower, John 11 26 

Kercheval, Robert T i 28 

Kercheval, Samuel E 2 21 

Kerr, Michael C 3 25 

Kibbey, John F 6 45 

Kilgore, Alfred 6 46 

Kilgore, David 6 46 

Kimmel, Louis 9 18 

King, E. Douglass 5 22 

Kinsey, Isaac 6 47 

Kirby, Thomas 6 49 

Kirkpatrick, Thomas M..11 25 

Kirkwood, Daniel 5 23 

Kline, William B 6 48 

Knefler, Fred 7 122 

Koerner. Charles C 7 122 

Koontz, Jacob H 6 49 

La Foi.LETTE, D. W 3 25 

Laird D. T i 29 

Lamar, John H 4 41 

Lamb, George C 8 28 

Lamb, James 4 41 

Lamme, Edwin H 7 123 

Land, William M i 30 

Landers, Franklin 7 124 

Lane, Henrv S 8 ,^o 

Langtiee, Samuel D 4 44 

Lanning, Joseph R ,2 42 

l.athrop, Ezra 4 43 

Lathrop, Levi P 4 43 

Lee, Clement 2 21 

Lee, John 8 29 

Lee, Slaurice J 8 30 

Leonard, Wellington Y... 12 42 

Link, John E....r. 8 31 

Livings, Theodore 4 45 

Lockhart, Horatio 1 6 96 

Lockhart, Roberi M 12 43 

Lockridge, Andrew M.... 5 23 

Lockridgc, John E 7 125 

Loftin, Sample 7 126 

Lomax, William u 26 

Long, E V ,3 g22 

Long, Thomas B.. 8 57 

Lordeman, Francis 11 28 

Love, Benjamin F 7 127 

Love, lohn 7 128 

Love, John W 7 ,3, 

Lovett, Daniel W 4 47 

Lovett, John W 9 ,8 

Lovett, David 4 46 

Lovett, John A 10 27 

Lyons, IiaE 11 28 

Lyons, William B u 28 

Macai'LEV, Daniel 7 133 

Macy, David 7 251 

Macy, John W 6 50 

Maddock, William B 10 27 

Main, Reuben P 3 28 

M.ajor, Alfred 7 134 

Makepeace, Allen 9 19 

Dist. Page 

Malott, Volney T 7 229 

Mann, John 3 26 

Mann, Peter 3 27 

on.Mahlon U 7 ,35 


:h, Walter 6 

ne, Abijah 6 

ett.John J I 

noil, Daniel W 7 

h, Albert 6 

h, Elias J II 

h, Epliraim 7 

h, John 6 

hall, Joseph G 4 

hall, Willi; "' 

, Alexande 

Martin, Augus 
Martindale, Elijah B 7 

Mason, James L 7 

Mass, Isaac 2 

Matchette, Aliqiie C 13 

Matthcwson, Reuben C. i 

Mattison, Hamilton A i 

Mavity, William K 11 

Maxwell, David H S 

Maxwell, Samuel C 10 

Maxwell, Samuel F 8 

Maynard, Jacob B 7 

McBride, R. Wes 12 

McClellan, Charles A. O.12 

McClellan, James 12 

McClelland, Marquis L...10 

McClure, Samuel „ 

McClure, William 4 

McConnell, Stewart T ,0 

McCord, Robert G 3 

McCormack, Patrick H... 5 

McCoy, Matthew ,2 

McCulloch, Hugh ,2 

McDonald, Isaiah B ,2 

McDonald, Joseph E 7 

McDowell, James F i, 

McGregor. Alexander.... 8 

McGuire, Ezekiel W 6 

Mclntire, Elihu S 2 

Mclntire, Oliver B 10 

McKeen, William R 8 

McKew, Arthur 6 

McLallen, Elisba L 12 

McLallen, Henry 12 

McMeans. John 12 

McRae, Hamilton S 6 

McSheehy, Thomas 7 

Meacham, Alfred B 2 

Meek, James S 5 

Mellett, Joshua H 6 

Mendenhall, Nathan , 

Merrifield, Thomas J ,0 

Metcalf, Charles N 7 

Metcalf, Stephen 9 

Michener, Louis T 7 

Miers, R. W , 

Miller, Alfred B ,, 

Miller, James 7 

Miller, John F ,, 

Miller, Lewis J i 

Miller, William ,3 

Milligan, Joseph 8 

MiUigan, Lambdin P ,, 

Mills, Caleb « 

Miner, Bvrum D ,2 

Minich, James A 7 

Minshall, Deloss W 8 

Mitchell, John ,, 

Mitchell, Joseph A.S ,, 

Mitchell, Samuel M , 

Mitchell, James L 7 

Mitchell, William 7 

Mock, Levi ,; 

Moffat, David W.... ,2 

Moffatt, John F ,3 

Moffett, John 6 

Monks, Leander J 6 

Montgomery, Robert 13 

Moore, Granville C c 

Moore, Isaac S i 

Moore, Jackson L 2 

Moore, James W 6 

Moore, Joseph 7 

Moore, Marshall A 5 


ehous, Pliilo 


rical, Frank H 



ris, Morris 


ris, Thomas A 

rison, Ezekiel 

... 7 



ton, 0. P 

ry, David 

rs, Charles A. 0... 
rs, Peter 

... 6 
... 7 


rs, Samuel 



rs, William R 

... 9 

N.tVE, Christian 1 
Nebeker, George 

Neff, Henry H 6 

Neff, John 6 

Neff, John E 7 

Nelson, Thomas H 8 

Nester.John i 

New, Jeptha D 4 

New, John C 7 

New, William 7 

Newcorab, Dwight i 

Newcomb, Horatio C 7 

Newland, Benjamin 2 

Newland, James H 10 

Newman, John S 7 

Niblack, William E 7 

Nichol, Jo 
Nicholson, Jam 
Nicholson, Tim 
Niles, John B... 
Noble, James... 
Nordvke, Addi; 

Nordyke, Ellis 7 

No -^ T. • • ' 


ph W. 



ell, Horace V. 


O'Brien, James, of 


O'Donaghue, D 

Offutt, Charles G.. 
Ogdon, James W.. 

Olcott, John M 

Oliver, James....... 

O'Neal, John H.... 

Orr, Joseph 


n, Andrew L... 
nan, Emsley A.. 
nan, Nathan R. 

on, John G 

, David Dale.... 

, Richard 

, Robert 

, Robert Dale... 
, Samuel P 


Parks, Jamei 
Parrish, Cha 

Parry, William 6 

Parvin, Theophilus 7 

Pattison, Alexander B.... 4 

Paul, George W 8 

Paxson, Jesse E 6 

Payne, Philander W 5 

Pearse, Milton W i 

Pearson, Charles D 7 

Pearson, E. D 2 

Pearson, James C 2 

Peaslee, William J 7 

Peed, Henry A 13 

Peelle, Stanton J , 

Peelle, William A 6 

Peirce, Martin L 9 

Peirce, Robert B. F 8 

Perigo, Ezekiel 1 

Perkins, Samuel E 7 

Pettit, John U ,1 

Pfaff, William A 7 

Phelps. Abraham M i 

Pickerill, Francis M 7 

Pickerill, George W , 

Pierce, J. T 2 

Pinchin, Abne 
Pitchlynn, Hi. 
"■ r, Andrev 



Polk, Robe 

Pollard, Clark N , 

Pope, Alexander i 

Porter, Albert G., of In- 
dianapolis ■ 

Porter, Albert G., of Lcb- * 

Posey, Tho 


Post, ilartfn 

Powers, Edwin D... 

Prather, Hiram 

Prather, Walter S.. 

Pratt, Alonzo J 

Pratt, Daniel D 

Prentiss, Nelson 

- yC. 

, Fieldi. 

Prunk, Da 
Prunk, Ha 

Piigh, William A 5 

Purcell, Royal E 2 

Quick, John 4 

Rabb, David G 4 

Ragan, Reuben 5 

Ralston, Samuel W 12 

Ralston, William G i 

Ramsey, Samuel 3 

Randall, Franklin P 12 

Ransdell, Daniel M 7 

Rapp. George i 

Rathff, Cornelius, Sen 6 

Ratliff, Joseph C. 



Ray, Martii 

Read, John F 3 

Reavis, William i 

Reagan, Amos W 5 

Redding, Thomas B 6 

Reed, George I n 

Reed, Nathan 6 

Reeve, Charles H 13 

Reinhard, George L i 

Reising, Paul 3 

Rerick, John H 12 

Reynolds, Alfred W 10 

Ribble, William 5 

Rice, Martin H 7 

Richmond, Corydon n 

Richmond, Nathaniel P...11 

Ridpath, Abraham 5 

Ridpath, John C 5 

Rippey, Matthew 13 

Roache, Addison L 7 

Roberts, Gains i 

Roberts, Omar F 4 

Roberts, Robert 4 

Roberts, Thomas W 6 

Robertson, Robert S 12 

Robins, Milton 7 

Robinson, Henry H 12 

Robinson, James H 12 

Robinson, John C 5 

Robins. '^ — 
Rockwood. Wi 

lilton S 9 

1 O.. 

. . ndj.. 

Romaine, Samuel B 13 

Romine, James f 

Root, Deloss 7 

Roots, Francis M 6 

Roots. Philander H 6 

36 Rose, John 

Ross, John H ir 

Ross, Nathan O n 

Runyan, John N 13 

Russ, George W 7 

Dist. Page 

Salsbukv, Henry 7 187 

Salter, James W 6 73 

Sample, Thomas J 6 74 

Sampson, James i 49 

Sanford, George to 35 

Say, Thomas j 50 

Sayler, Henry B ii 46 

Schefold, Frank , „ 

Schell, Frederick A 5 38 

ScI.enck, U. P 4 56 

Schmilz, Charles A 12 68 

Schmuck, Gabriel 7 188 

Schofield, Sylvester H.... 5 39 

Schreeder, Charles C 2 in 

Schwartzkopf, John G.... 5 39 

Scluveitzer, Bernhard 5 40 

Scobey John S 4 57 

Scott, John 3 33 

Scott, John T S 44 

Scribner, B. F 3 33 

Sexton, Marshall 6 76 

Shackelford, James M i 50 

Shanklin, John G 7 a67 

John P. C. 

»naw, tlenjamin C 8 

Sherman, Mason G 13 

Sherrod, James H 2 

Sherwood, Marcus i 

Shideler, D. B 7 

Shiel,John J '3 

Shields, Jesse 10 

Shields, Sleedey W 3 

Shipley, Carlton E 6 

Shirk, Elbert H 11 

Shoemaker, John C 7 

Shoemaker, John W 5 

Shuuk, David 11 

Simonson, Alfred 2 

Sinker, Alfred T 7 

Skinner, De Fore 

4 t'4 


6 77 

7 197 
7 197 
I 51 
7 204 
I 53 
4 58 

Slater, Frederick, J 
Slaughter, W. W.... 

Sleeth, George B 6 

Sleeth, James M 7 

Smart, James H 7 

Smith, Andrew J i 

Smith, Benjamin W 7 

Smith, Edward Q i 

Smith, Edwin 4 

Smith, Hamilton i 

Smith, Henry W 4 

Smith, Hubbard M 2 

Smith, John L 9 

Smith, lohn W s 

Smith, Marquis L ,, 

Smith, Oliver H 7 

Smith, Samuel M 2 

Smith, William Z 2 

Snyder, Harper W ,0 

Sparks, Levi 3 

Spilker, George W 6 

Spink, James C 2 

Spooner Benjamin J 4 ™ 

Sorin, Edward 13 58 

Spann, John S 7 207 



Spencer, Elijah M. 

Spencer, Jacob W 11 

Staff, Frederick S.. 5 

Staley, Erastus H 9 

iifer, Sii 

n, Nathan R 4 

Steele, A-sbury ,, 

Steele, George K 8 

ele, Theodore 7 206 

phenson, George W... 6 78 
vens, Warder W 3 37 

Stewart, David M... 
St. John, Robert T.. 
Stockslager. Strothe 
Stockton, LaM 


Stough, Soli 

Stoy, Peter R 3 

Strader, Samuel McH 

Stropes, William P 

Stuart, William Z 10 

Stucker, David F 2 

Stucker, James F 2 

Stucky, John M 5 

4 ti4 

2 36 

Dial. P 

Sludab^iker, John n 

Slud.»baker, Peter ii 

Sludebaker, Clement .3 

Sludebaker, Jacob F 13 

S.udebaker, JobnM .3 

Sludebrtkcr, Peter L 13 

Stutt, Geurge W.- " 

Sullivan, Jeremiah 4 02 

Sutton, George 4 °5 

Sutton, Willis E 4 7° 

Surface, Daniel 6 81 

Stafford, Benjamin i 8 47 

Swayzee, Aaron C n S3 

Sweeney, Z. T 5 43 

Swrcctscr, James "I 54 

Sweetser. William n 55 

Swint, William I 54 

Taber, Cyrus 10 39 

Taber, Freeman 12 69 

Talcott, William C 10 39 

Tarkingion, Joseph 4 T 

Taylor, Edward H 12 70 

Taylor, James E 6 S2 

Taylor, James M 3 30 

Taylor, lohn L 1 55 

Taylor, Lalhrop M 13 62 

Taylor, Samuel H 2 36 

Taylor, Samuel M q 28 

Taylor, Waller 2 37 

Taylor, W. C. L ; 45 

Teegarden, Abraham 13 62 

Templer, James N 6 82 

Terhune, Thomas J =0 

Terry. Oliver C i 55 

Thayer, Henry G n t'S 

Thompson, Calvin n q 29 

Thompson, David 5 83 

Thompson, T"hn E 13 ^5 

Thompson, llichard W... 8 47 

Thompson, Silas L 5 ■14 

Thompson, William M 6 85 

•Tilford, Toseph M 7 2=9 

niford, Salem A 5 45 

Tingley, Benjamin F.. 


Todd, Jacob J 

Tong, Lucius G 

Trentman, August C... 

Trentman, Bernard 

Trentman, Henry J.... 
Tripp, Hagerman .... 
Trisler, J. Uandolph... 

Trissal, Francis M 

Truby, Michael 

Trubv, Philip 

Trusl'er, Nelson 



Turner, Minus 

Tuttle, Joseph F.. 

n Valzah, Robert., 
ale, J.nmes C.^ 

E, Robert J 8 50 

Violett, John H. 
Voorhees, Danie 
Voyles, S. R 

Waldron. Edward H 9 

Walker, Geo. B i 

Walker, John W 7 

Walker, Lyman 11 

Wallace, David 7 

Wallace, James g 

Wallace, W. DeWitt 9 

Walts, John K 10 

Ward, Thomas R 9 

Ward, William D 4 

Warder, Luthe; 
Waring, Williai 
Warrum, Noble 
Washburn, Isra 


Webb, Wil 
Websier, J 
Wedding, Charle 

Weicht, William >., 

Weir. Elijah W 

Welborn, Joseph F.... 

Welborn, Oscar M 

Wells, Hiram E 

Wells, Joseph P 

Wells, Merritt 

West, Vincent T 

Whilcoinb, James 

White, Emerson E 

White, John H 

While, Michael D 

Joseph M., 



el P. 

Wilco-von, Lloyd 

Wildman, John F.... 
Wiles, William V... 
Wilhird, A.shbel P. 
Willard. Charles F 


Hugh T 


, Jesse L 
, John ! 

el P.. 



Win lie hi 


, M. 


Winstandley, John B 3 

Wiuterbotham, John H...I3 

Winton, Horace 11 

Wiuton, Robert 6 

Wishard, William H 7 

Withers, Warren H 12 

Wolfe, Adam 6 

Wolfe, Harvey S 3 

Wolfe, Simeon K 3 

Wood, Martin 10 

Wood, Thomas J 10 

Woodfill, Gabriel 4 

Woods, Thomas 13 

Woodworth, Benjamin S..12 

Woollen, Levin J 7 

Woollen, ThoraasW 7 

Woollen, William W 7 

Woolley, Amos 13 

Worden. James L 12 

Work, William F 3 

Works, John D 4 

Wright, Charles E 7 

Wright, Henry C 13 

Wright, Jo-eph A 7 

Wysor, Jacob H 6 

ZarinG, John A 3 

Zeller, Jacob A 1 

Zent, Samuel M 12 

Zollinger, Charles 12 

Index of Portraits. 

Adhian, James A.. 

Ames, George 

Armstrong, A. [• 

Armstrong, Uel W. 
Arthur, Chnstophei 

Baer, O. P 

Bayrtrd, Samuel,. 
Bender, John S.. 
" rdsell, Jolin C 


Blake, James 7 

Bloss, John M I 

Boyce, James 6 

Bradeii. Daniel C 6 

Bradley, Nelson 7 

Brady, John 6 

Brady, Thomas J 6 


Blown, Austin H 7 

Brownlee, William K g 

Buckles, Joseph S 6 

Bundy, M. L 6 

Burton, Georse W 2 

Buskirk, George A 5 

Jacoh B.. 


ry b.. 

Caven, Joh, 

Chase, Hiram VV 

Clancy, Albert W 

Clark, George C 

Clark, HaynuindW.. 
Claypool, Benjamin ] 

Cobb, O, P 

Coffroth, John R 

Colborn, A. R 

Cole, C. B. 

■ J" 

ck, D. H.. 
■ , John.. 

Compton, Is; 
Converse, Joel IN... 
Cook, Frederick W 
CoquiU.ird, Alexis.. 


Corbv. William 

Cowgill, Calvin 

Cummins, Stephen 

Dakin, George M 

Davidson, Robert P 

Davison, Andrew 

Day, Samuel D 

Dcl'aniv, Washington C. 
Douglass, Robert 

Downey, Alexander C 4 

Downey, William D : 

Downs, I'homas J 1 

Drake, James P 7 

Dudley, William W 6 

Earl, Adams 9 

Early, Jacob D 8 

Edgerton, Alfred P 12 

Edgerton, Joseph K 12 

Edwards, William H 2 

Ekin, James ,\ 3 

English, William H 7 

Evans, Jesse L 9 

Ferrier, W. S 3 

Fletcher, Miles J 7 

Foley, James B 4 

Fowler, Inman H 5 

Fowler, Moses 9 

Franklin, William M 5 

Friedley, George W 2 

Gaar, Abram 6 

Gaff, James W 4 

Garrigus, Milton 11 

Gilbert, Curtis 8 

Glessner, Oliver J 7 

Gooding, David S 7 

Gookins, Samuel B 8 

Gordon, Jonathan W 7 

Green, John 9 

Green, Martin R 4 

Grove, John B 5 

Hackleman, E II 

Harding, Myron H 4 

Harding, Stephen S 4 

Havnes, Jacob M 11 

Heilman, William i 

Hendricks, Thomas A.... 7 

Hervey, Robert G 8 

Holmes, Samuel W 3 

Holmes, W. C 7 

Horton, Theodore 11 

Hough, John 12 

Hough, William U 7 

Howk, George V 3 

Hudnut, Theodore 8 

Hunter, W. D. H 4 

Huston, William 6 

Hyatt, Elisha 2 

Irwin, Joseph 1 5 

Jennings, Levi A 5 

Johnson, Richard 4 

Johnson, Thomas E 7 

Jump, Samuel V 6 

Kahlo, Charles 10 

Keith, John A 5 

Keith, Squire 1 5 

Kilgore, Alfred 6 

Kilgore, David 6 

Kinsey, Isaac 6 

Kline, W. B 6 

Lamb, James 4 

Landers, Franklin 7 

Lee, John ,S 

Link, John E 8 

Loftin, Sample 7 

Loinax, William 11 

Long, Thomas B 8 

Love, John 7 

Lowry, Robert 12 

Macaiilev, Daniel 7 

M.acy, David 7 

Malott, Volney T 7 

Manson, Mahlon D 7 

March, Walter 6 

Marsh, Elias J 11 

Marsh, Fpliraiin 7 

Marsh, John 6 

Marshall, Joseph G 4 

Martindale, Elijah B 7 

McClellan, Charles A. O.12 

McCnllocli, Hugh ,2 

McDonald, Isai.ili B 12 

McDonald, Joseph E 7 

McDowell, James F 11 

McKeen, William R 8 

McRae, Hamilton S 6 

Mitchell, John 12 

Mitchell, Samuel M 5 

Moore, .Sanuiel 11 

Mnrrical. Frank H 10 

Morris, Morris 7 

Morris, Thomas A 7 

Morton, Oliver P 7 

Nedeker, George S 

Neely, Thomas S 6 

Newman, John S 7 

Niles, John B 13 

Oliver, James 13 

Parvin, Theophilus 7 

Pe.irson, James C 2 

Peed, Henry A 13 

Peirce, Martin L g 

Peirce, Robert B. F 8 

Perkins, Samuel E 7 

Pettit, John U II 

Phillips, T. C II 

Polk, Robert L 5 

Porter, Albert G 7 

Powell, Charles G 13 

Powell, Nathan 4 

Powell, Simon T 5 

Dist. Page 

Ratliff, Joseph C 6 68 

Kibble. William 6 70 

Rice, Martin H 7 178 

Ridpath, John C 5 36 

Roache, Addison 1 7 252 

Robertson, Robert S 12 62 

Robinson, James H 12 64 

Robinson, Mihon S 9 25 

Romaine, Samuel B 13 "22 

Root, Deloss 7 181 

Koper, James A 13 55 

Rose, Chauncey 8 41 

R""yan,J. N 13 56 

Schenck, U, P 4 5O 

Schmuck, Gabriel 7 18S 

Scotl, John T 8 44 

Shanks, John P. C 11 55 

Sherwood, Marcus i 49 

Shipley, Carlton E 6 t, 

Shoemaker, John C 7 190 

Simonson, Alfred 2 31 

Sleetb, James M 7 197 

Sorin, Edward 13 58 

.Spann, John S 7 207 

Spencer, Jacob W 11 48 

Slalev, Erastus H 9 27 

Slepbensnn. George W ... 6 78 

Stewart, David M? 6 79 

Stone, Asahel 6 80 

Studahaker, John 11 52 

Studebaker Bros 13 60 

Sullivan, Jeremiah 4 62 

Sutton, George 4 64 

Sweeney, Z. T 5 43 

Sweetser, James 11 54 

Taylor, Samuel 1\T 9 29 

Templer, James N 6 82 

Thayer, Henrv G 13 63 

Thompson. Daviil 6 S3 

Trusler, Nelson 7 230 

WaldrON. Edward H. ... 9 .30 

Wallace. W. DeWiit 9 31 

Webb, Willis S 7 237 

Welborn, J. F 1 57 

Wilcoxon. Lloyd 6 87 

Williams. Hugh T 4 75 

Williams. James D 2 40 

Williimis. Jesse L 11 75 

Williams. Samuel P 12 77 

Winstandlev, John B 3 41 

Winlerbotham, John H...13 73 

Winton, R 5 go 

Wolfe, Adam 6 8g 

Woollen, William W 7 243 

Woollev. Amos 13 75 

Wright, C. E 7 276 

Wysor, Jacob H 6 91 


DIst. Page 

Adair, John G 4 i 

Adams, Josliii:. G 5 ■ 

Adams, Thomas B 7 i 

Addison, John 7 3 

Adrian, James A 10 i 

Albert, John C 2 i 

Allen, Horace K 7 279 

Allen, Johnson W 13 i 

Allison, James G 4 i 

Ames, Edward R 7 2 

Ames, George 13 i 

Anderson, Thomas 11 i 

Andrew, George L 13 2 

Andrew, William 13 3 

Anthony, Samuel T 6 i 

Armstrong, Addison F.... I. 2 

Armstrong, Edward A....H 3 

Armstrong, Joseph D 1 i 

Armstrong, Uel \V i 3 

Armstrong, William B. C. 2 i 

Armstrong, William P 8 1 

Armington, William 4 2 

Arnold, George 11 3 

Arnold, John 6 i 

Arthur, Christopher S....11 4 

Babcock, Elisha S I 4 

Backnian, John J 4 6 

Baer, O. P 6 3 

Bain, William C. A 3 1 

Biker. Conrad 7 loi 

Baker, David V.C n 81 

Baker, H 13 3 

Baker, William i 5 

Baldwin, Daniel P to 2 

Baldwin, 13 3 

Ball, William C 8 I 

Bannister, Samnel N 7 3 

Banta, William H to 3 

Barbour, Oliver P 3 4 

Barker, lohn H 13 5 

Barker. Willi. .m L i 4 

Barmore, David S 3 i 

Barnaby, Howard 13 U2 

Barnard, Obed to 2 

Barnes, Henry F 7 4 

Barnett, Martin A. 13 5 

Barnum, Abel 12 i 

Bartholomew, Artillus V..10 3 

Bartholomew. Pliny W.... 7 6 

Bartletl. Thomas 2 2 

Barwick. R. P. C 4 3 

Bassetl. Thomas J 5 , 

Bayard. Samuel 1 6 

Bayliss, Jeremiah H 7 5 

Baxter, James R 2 2 

Beach, lohn S 8 32 

Beagle, 'T. Warn 4 3 

Beardsley, Havila 13 3 

Bearss, Daniel R ,1 6 

Bearup, Henry 1 13 6 

Beck, William H 6 108 

Becknev. James F .0 4 

Beem, David E 5 2 

Beharrel, Thomas G 7 6 

Rclding. Stephen = 4 

Bell, Harvey 6 5 

Bell, William A 7 8 

Bellamv, ?ohn F 4 4 

Bement, Charles R i 6 

Bender, John S i? 

Benjamin, Horatio N 6 6 

Bennett, Thomas W 6 

Benoit, Julian 12 

Beuz, John 3 

Berry, Henry 4 

Berry, Nineveh 9 

Best, James 1 12 

Belts, Howard M 12 

Biddle, Horace P 10 

Bigger, Fiuley 6 

Bigger. Samuel 12 

Birdsell, John C 13 

Black, Milton I 

Blair, Alonzo 7 

Bl.ake, James 7 

Blanchard, Caleb H 12 

Blanche, Willis ti 

Bland, M. Cora 2 

Bland, Thomas A 2 

Blessing, John 7 

Bliss, Malcolm G 10 

Blish,Joliu H 3 

Bloch, Gotthilf. 10 

Bloss,John M i 

Blount, Henry F i 

Blount, Warren 6 

Bobo. James R 11 

Bond, Charles D 12 

Bond, Richard C 4 

Bonner, Samuel A 4 

Buone, Ratliffe i 

Boor, William F 6 

Borden, lames W 12 

Boswell, Thomas H 5 

Boswell, William H 9 

Boyce, James 6 

Boyd, James T 7 

Bracken, William H 4 

Braden, Daniel C 6 

Bradford, Samuel P 12 

Bradley, Augustus 3 

Bradley, Nelson 7 

Brady, John 6 

Brady, Thomas J 6 

Brakeman, Nelson L .0 

Branham, Alexander K .. 7 

Brashear, Joseph T 4 

Brazelton, John 3 

Breen, John N 2 

Brenton, John T 4 

Briggs, Abraham 4 

Bringhurst. Thomas H. 

Brinkman, Henry i 

Brodrick, Nehcmiah F....13 J2: 

Brotherloii, William 6 

Brower, Norman V 13 

Browne, Thomas M 6 

Brown, Joseph 9 

Brown, Allen W 3 

Brown, Austin H 7 

Brown, Eli W 12 

Brown, George P 7 

Brown, Henry B 10 

Brown, lames M ,, 

Brown. Jason B 3 

Brownfiel.l, I,.hn ,3 

Brownlee, John 11 

Brownlec, William R 9 

Bryan, Anthony i 

Buchanan, Jacob S i 

Buchanan, Tame. 7 

Buchanan, Samuel 11 

Bucklen, Isaac 13 


Buckles, Abraham 6 

Buckles, Joseph S 6 

Bulla, Joseph M 6 

Bundy, Augustus E 10 

Bundy, Maitiu L 6 

Bunyaii, William 12 

Burnell, Samnel 12 

Bnrchenal, Charles H 6 

Burke, Michael F 2 

Burger, John 10 

Burnet, Stephen S 2 

Burrell, Bartholomew H.. 3 

Burson, John W 6 

Burson, George 10 

Burton, George \\ 2 

Bnskirk, Clarence A 7 

Buskirk, George A 5 

Buskirk, John W 5 

Buskirk, Samuel H 7 

Bnller, Eli H 6 

Butler, John H 3 

Butler, John Jl 7 

Biiller, William W 4 

Butterwonh, W. W ,3 

Byers, Alexander R i 

Bynum, William D 2 

Cadwalladeh, Nathan... 6 

Calkins, William H 13 

Campbell, James 2 

Campbell, John C. L 2 

Campbell. Samuel N 9 

Cannon, Greenberry C... 3 

Caress, James M 3 

Carleton, Wellington J... 7 

Carpenter, Willard i 

Carr, Nathan T 5 

Carr, William 12 

Carrington, Henry B 8 

Carson, William W 12 

Carter, Chauncey 10 

Carter, Scott 4 

Carter, William W 8 

Carver. Lewis E 12 

Cary, Oliver H. P 11 

I'asebeer, Jacob B 12 

Cason, Thomas J 9 

Castle, Jay M to 

Caulhorn, Henry S 2 

Caven,John 7 

Chamberlain, Orville T...13 

Chandler, John I i 

Chandler, MoigAn 7 

Chapin, Anensius A 12 

Chapman, Charles W 13 

Charles. Emily T 7 

Chase, Charles H 13 

Chase, Dudley H 10 

Chase, Henry 10 

Chase, Hiram W 9 

Chatard, Francis S 2 

Cheney, John J 6 

Chipinan. Samuel H 13 

Chittenden, George F.... 9 

Christy, Samuel 4 

Church, Osman W to 

Clancy, Albert W 6 

Clapp, William M 12 

Clark, George C 6 

Clark, HaymoiidW 9 

Clark, Olhniel L 9 

Claypool, Abraham J- ■ ■ 6 

Dist. Page 

Claypool, Benjamin F 6 22 

Claypool, Solomon 7 21 

Clayton, John R 7 22 

Clugstou, David R 12 18 

Cobb, O. P 4 83 

Cobb, Thomas R 2 10 

Coburn, John 7 249 

Coffey, Silas D 8 7 

Coffroth, John R 9 8 

Cogley, Thomas J 4 „ 

Colborn, A. R 13 15 

Cole, Albert 11 10 

Cole, C. B 3 7 

Cole, James W 5 7 

Cole, Leonidas A 13 15 

Colerick. John 12 iS 

Colfax, Schuyler 13 16 

Collett,John 7 23 

Collett, Josepbus 8 55 

Collins, Frederick L 13 17 

Collins. James S 12 20 

Commons, William 6 97 

Comptoii, Isaac M 8 8 

Converse, Joel N 6 oS 

Conwav, John W 4 11 

Cook, Frederick W i 16 

Cooper, George W 5 9 

Coqnillard, Alexis 13 17 

Corbin, Horace 13 18 

Corby, William 13 ttz 

Cotteral, William W 6 23 

Cowan. John M 8 9 

Cowgill, Calvin 1, It 

Crane, Charles E 2 11 

Cravens, James H 7 263 

Cravens, John 4 12 

Cravens, Samuel C 2 9 

Crowe, Samuel S 3 8 

Crozier, Amos W 4 12 

Cnlberlson, John W 7 26 

Culbertson, Robert H 8 9 

Culver, Primus P 9 8 

Cnmback, William 4 13 

Cummins, Stephen M 13 19 

Curme, .-Vrthur A 6 99 

Curtiss. George L 7 25 

Dailev. Joseph S It 13 

Dakin, George M 13 19 

Darnall, James M 11 ,2 

Davenport. Benjamin L..13 20 

Davidson, Robert P 9 9 

Davis, Charles L 10 16 

Davis, Clarkson 6 24 

Davis, Fielding L i 16 

Davis, Jefferson C 7 27 

Davis, John Steele 3 9 

Davis, Joseph W ,3 23 

Davis, r. Henrv 6 93 

Davis, William P 3 to 

Davison, Alexander A 3 8 

Davison, Andrew.;. 4 17 

Dawson. John W 12 20 

Day, Samuel D 7 27 

Defrees, Joseph H 13 21 

De La Matvr, Gilbert 7 29 

De Long, Alexander W. II i, 

Denby, Charles i 17 

Denny, James M ,2 22 

DePauw, Washington C. 3 10 

Dillon, Patrick 13 24 

Dobbs, Cyrus J 7 31 

Dist. Page 

Dohsrty, Fisher 8 lo 

Dormaii, Francis R 4 19 

Douglass, Alexander J. ...12 23 

Douglass, Benjamin P 3 ■■ 

Douglass, Robert 7 32 

Downey, Alexander C 4 19 

Downey, William D 1 >8 

Downs, Thomas J i 18 

Doxey, Charles T 9 10 

Drake, James P 7 33 

Dudley, William W 6 24 

Uufour, Perrei 4 21 

Du Hadway. Caleb S 6 26 

Dunbar, Hamilton J 7 34 

Dunning. Paris C 5 >° 

Durham, James F 4 22 

Duz.m, George N 9 9 

Dwenger, Joseph 12 24 

Eagle, J. C 6 loi 

Earl, Adams 9 " 

Early, Jacob D 8 11 

Early, Samuel S., of 

Brownstown 3 12 

Early. Samuel S., of 

Terre Haute 8 13 

Ealoii, Thomas 1 7 36 

Edgcrton, Alfred P 12 *44 

Edgerton, Joseph K 12 24 

Edson, Hanford A 7 37 

Edsou, Joseph P i 19 

Edson, William P i 18 

Edwards, William H 2 11 

Effinger. Robert P 11 14 

Ekin.James A 3 13 

Elder. James 6 26 

Elliott. Jehu T 6 27 

Elliott. John 7 38 

Ellis, Erastus W 13 25 

Ellis, John W 13 24 

Ellis, Jonathan W 11 14 

Elston, C 8 14 

Knibrce, Elisha I 19 

Emerson, Frank 3 16 

Eraswiler. George P 6 29 

English, William H 7 209 

Ensley, George I2 25 

Eusmmger, Joseph 8 15 

Erwin, Franklin B 13 26 

Erwin, John C 13 26 

Essick, Michael 1 10 16 

Evans, Jesse L 9 36 

Evans, Owen 6 28 

Evans, Robert M i 20 

Evans, William L x 20 

Evens, Orpheus 7 38 

Ewing. Charles W 12 25 

Ewing, George W 12 26 

Failing, Walter i 51 

Farringlon, Almond S 12 27 

Fergns.m, James C 7 39 

Ferguson, Samuel W 9 35 

Fernandes, Daniel H 5 17 

Ferrall, Joseph D 11 28 

Ferrier. WillTam S 3 16 

Fctta, Christian 6 29 

Fi.-ld, Elisha C 10 17 

Field, Nathaniel 3 17 

Finch. FabiusM 7 41 

Finch, Hiiam G q 12 

Firestone. John II 12 jn 

Frsher. Daniel W 4 22 

Fisher. Stearns 11 16 

Fisk, Eira W 5 It 

Filch. Charles H 3 19 

Fitch. Graham N 10 17 

Fitch, Leroy 10 t8 

Fletcher, Calvin 7 371 

Fletcher, Miles J 7 41 

Foley, lames B 4 33 

Ford, James .• 15 

Fou«l, Franklin H la 20 

Fowler, Inman H s .3 

Fowler, Moses 9 13 

Francis, Harry H 13 aj 

Franklin, William M 5 14 

Frazer, Jam'-s S 13 93 

Freeman, Anui W 4 24 

Freeman, Azariah 10 18 

Fricdicy. George W 9 n 

Fronim, Jolin F 10 2C 

Dial. Page 

Fullenlove, Thomas J 3 18 

Fuller, Benoui S i 21 

Fulton, Joseph 9 14 

Gaar, Abram 6 30 

Gaff, James W 4 '■'•■4 

Gaff, John H 4 =5 

Gaff, Thomas 4 25 

Gale, Jesse M 12 29 

Galvin, George W 7 43 

Gardner. Elbridge G 2 13 

Garrigus, Milton 11 17 

Carver, William 9 15 

Gavin, James 4 26 

Gent, Thomas 5 "5 

Gerrish, James W. F 3 19 

Gibson, John 2 13 

Gilbert, Curtis 8 15 

Gilbert, John i 22 

Gilbert, Samuel E i 23 

Gillespie. William 4 27 

Gillett, S. T 7 43 

Givens, Noah S 4 =7 

Gleason, Newell 13 28 

Glessner, Oliver J 7 45 

Gooding, David S 7 227 

Goodman, Reuben S 12 +44 

Goodwin, John R 4 28 

Goodwin, Thomas A 7 47 

Gookins, Samuel B 8 17 

Gordon, Jonathan W 7 48 

Gordon, Oliver C 6 31 

Gorsuch, Charles W 7 63 

Gould. Samuel W 13 29 

Graham. John A it 18 

Granielspacher, Alois 2 13 

Graves, Kersey 6 31 

Gray, Isaac P 6 32 

Gray, John W 2 14 

Gray, Samuel F 7 268 

Gregory, Ralph S 6 33 

Green, Edward H 4 29 

Green, John 9 15 

Green, Martin R 4 2- 

Green, William F 7 6b 

Greene, James W 8 20 

Griffin, Elihu lo 20 

Griffis, Theodore L 6 31 

CJrisard, Frederick I 4 30 

Grose, William 6 loi 

Grove, John B 5 15 

Guipe, John 13 30 

Haas, Isaiah i 24 

Hacker, William 7 64 

Hackleman, E n 19 

Hackleman, Pleasant A... 6 34 

Hacklcy. Frederick S 11 21 

Hagen, Andrew 7 65 

Hager, Jonathan B 8 21 

H.aggart, Mary E 7 66 

Haines, Abraham B 4 i; 

Hains, James M 3 20 

Halfortl, Elijah W 7 6g 

Hall, Jacob A 7 68 

Hall, Samuel A 10 21 

Hall, Wesley C 5 16 

Hall, William 4 3t 

Ham, Levi I 13 30 

Hamilton, Allen 12 30 

Hamilton, Samuel 7 68 

Hammond. Abram A 8 21 

Hammond. Edwin P 10 21 

Hanna, Bayless W 8 22 

Hann... IIni:h 11 21 

ll,MMl.^ Mm 7 69 

II H, I, ., U 1.. -I 7 70 

II , ^itiMl. I 12 32 

ll.nnLi, 11 ..,s 5 16 

llaMhns;, (ic.rte C 7 71 

Hardinu, Myron H 4 81 

Harding, Stephen S 4 77 

Harlan, Levi P 7 75 

Harrington, Henry W 7 76 

Harris, Jacob R 4 3- 

Harris, I.ce 7 78 

Harrison, Benjamin 7 79 

Harrison, William H a 15 

Hart, Andrew T 7 80 

Harler. David 8 23 

Hartman, Ezra D 12 34 

Dist. Page 

Haughey, Theodore P 7 83 

Haughton, Richard E 7 81 

Hawkins, Nathan B 11 22 

Hay, Andrew J 3 23 

Hay, Lawrence G 7 84 

Haymond, William S 7 85 

Haynes, Jacob M 11 20 

Haynes, Robert P 2 16 

Hazelrigg, Harvey G 9 16 

Hazen, Zachary T 4 33 

Hazlett, James 9 17 

Headington, John W 11 24 

Headiugton, Nimr<.d 11 22 

Hedges, John S 6 36 

Heffren, Horace 3 21 

Hege, Samuel 5 17 



, JefTerson 6 

, JohnC 6 

, John H II 

■son, Ebene 
cks, Thom; 









Hendricks, Wil 

Hendrv. Alanson W 12 

Henryi W. Crawford 4 

Herbert. Ralph P 12 

Hervey, Robert G 8 

Hess, Balser 13 

Hess, William R 13 

Hiati, Allen R 6 

Hibbcrd, James F 6 

Hicks, R. S I 

Hill, James W 3 

Hill, Ralph 7 

Hinton, James S 7 

Hodgson. Isaac 7 

Hodson. John M 6 

Hoff. Michael 4 

Hogeland, Israel 7 

Holley, Sylvester J 13 



William S 

Holmes, Samuel W 

Holmes, William C 

Holsteiu, Charles I 

Hord, Francis T 

Home, John 

Horrall. Albion 

Horton. Theodore 

Hosford, Charles E 

Hoskins. James M 

Hosteller. Henry 

Hough, John 

Hough, William R 

Howard, Daniel 

Howard. Jonas G 

Howard. Noble P 

Howard, Tilghman A., 
•11. Mason T 


ey. . 

Huston, Ta 
Huston, Willia 
Hyatt, Elisha.. 

.•s N.. 


, Hil 

nd C. 

, William R 7 278 

Hnwk. Ge 

Huhbaid, Charles S 6 

Hiidnut, Theodore 8 

Hudson, William D 9 

Hndspelh, Thomas I i 

Huff. Thompson T>'. 2 

Iloghrs, Thomas E 12 

lluinphriys, Lonis 13 

Hunt, Franklin W 10 

Hunt, Hubbard to 

Hunter, Morion C s 

W. D. H 4 


Ingle, John, Jr 7 

Irwin, Elisha ,3 

Irwin, John W ,3 

Irwin, Joseph 1 5 

Irwin, Joseph W i 

, Jesse K 
, Patrick I 

Dist. Page 

Jennings, Jonathan -^ 24 

Jennings, Levi A 6 101 

Jewett, Charles L. 3 25 

Johnson, George S 4 37 

Johnson, Henry ,2 4i 

Johnson, Isaac C .1 25 

Johnson, Israel...: ,0 24 

Johnson, Jarvis J 5 20 

Johnson, Richard 4 40 

Johnson, Thomas K 7 106 

Johnson, William H 10 25 

Jones, Aquila 7 loS 

Jones, Charles M 2 19 

Jones, John 4 38 

Jones, William H 4 41 

ludah, Samuel 2 19 

Julian. George W 7 in 

Julian, Jacob B 7 109 

Julian, John F 7 121 

Jump, Samuel V 6 44 

Justice, James M 10 25 

Kahlo, Charles 10 26 

Keith, Benjamin F 2 20 

Keith, John A 5 20 

Keith, "Squire 1 5 21 

Kemper, William H 6 44 

Kennedy, Peter S 8 27 

Kenower, John 11 26 

Kercheval, Robert T i 28 

Kercheval, Samuel E 2 21 

Kerr, Michael C 3 25 

Kibbev, John F 6 45 

Kilgor'e, Alfred 6 46 

Kilgore, David 6 46 

Kimmel. Louis 9 18 

King, E. Douglass 3 22 

Kinsey, Isaac 6 47 

Kirby, Thomas 6 49 

Kirkpatrick, Thomas M.n 25 

Kirkwood, Daniel 5 23 

Kline, William B 6 48 

Knefler, Fred 7 122 

Koerner. Charles C 7 122 

Koontz, Jacob H 6 49 

La Follette, D W 3 25 

Laird. D. T i 29 

Lamar. John H 4 41 

Lamb, George C 8 28 

Lamb, J.ames 4 4, 

Lamme, Edwin H 7 123 

Land, William W i 30 

Landers. Fraulclin 7 124 

Lane. Henry S 8 30 

Langtree, Samuel 1) 4 44 

Lanning, Joseph R ,2 42 

I.athrop, Ezra 4 43 

Laihrop, Levi P 4 43 

Lee. Clement 2 21 

Lee, John 8 29 

Lee, i\Iaurice J 8 30 

Leonard, Wcllinglon Y...12 42 

Link, John E 8 31 

Livings, Theodore 4 45 

Lockhart, Horatio 1 6 96 

Lockhart, Robert M 12 43 

Lockridge, Andrew M.... 5 23 

Lockridge. John E 7 125 

l.oftin. Sample 7 126 

Loniax, William n 26 

Long, E, V ,3 gz2 

Long, Thomas B 8 57 

Lordeman. Francis 11 28 

Love, Benjamin F 7 127 

Love, lohn 7 ,28 

Love, Johu W 7 ,31 

Lovett, Daniel W 4 47 

I.ovett, John W 9 18 

Lovett, David 4 j6 

Lovelt, John A 10 27 

Lyons, IraE 11 2S 

Lyons, William B t, 28 

Macauley. Daniel 7 1,3 

Macy, David 7 251 

Macy, John W 6 50 

Maddock, William B lo 27 

I Main, Reuben P 3 28 

M.ajor, Alfred 7 134 

' Makepeace, Allen 9 19 

Dist. Page 

Malott, Voliiey T 7 229 

Mann, John 3 26 

Mann, Peter 3 27 

Manson, Mahlon D 7 135 

Maiisur, Isaiah 7 141 

March, Walter 5 51 

Marine, Abijah 6 52 

Marlett,John J i 31 

Marmon, Daniel W 7 141 

Marsh, Albert 6 52 

Marsh, Elias J 11 29 

Marsh, Ephraim 7 142 

Marsh, John 6 53 

Marshall, Joseph G 4 47 

Marshall, William K 3 28 

Martin, Alexander 5 25 

Martin, Augustus N 7 143 

Martindale, Elijah B 7 281 

Mason, Charles H i 32 

Mason, James L 7 149 

Mass, Isaac 2 22 

Matchettt Alique C 13 36 

Matthewson, Reuben C. i 34 

Mattison, Hamilton A i 33 

Mavity, William K 11 29 

Maxwell, David H 8 33 

Maxwell, Samuel C 10 28 

Maxwell, Samuel F 8 33 

Maynard, Jacob B 7 260 

McBride, R. Wes 12 45 

McClellan, Charles A. 0.i2 47 

McClellan, James 12 46 

McClelland, Marquis L...10 28 

McClure, Samuel 11. 30 

McClure, William 4 '*I4 

McConnell, Stewart T 10 27 

McCord, Robert G 3 28 

McCormack, Patrick H... 5 27 

McCoy, Matthen' 12 48 

McCnIloch, Hugh 12 49 

McDonald, Isaiah B 12 51 

McDonald, Joseph E 7 147 

McDowell, James F i, 32 

McGregor, Alexander.... 8 59 

McGuire, Ezekiel W 6 104 

Mclntire, Elihu S 2 24 

Mclntire, Oliver B to 29 

McKeen, William R 8 35 

McKew, Arthur 6 53 

McLallen, Elisha L 12 53 

McLallen, Henry 12 52 

McMeans, John 12 53 

McRae, Hamilton S 5 54 

McSheehy, Thomas 7 470 

Meacham, Alfred B 2 23 

Meek, James S 5 27 

Mellett, Joshua H 6 57 

Mendenhall, Nathan 9 19 

Merrifield. Thomas J 10 29 

Metcalf, Charles N 7 143 

Metcalf, Stephen 9 20 

Michener, Louis T 7 150 

Miers, R. W 5 29 

Miller, Alfred U 13 38 

Miller, James 7 15, 

Miller, John F 13 39 

Miller; lewis J i 31 

Miller, William 13 42 

Milligan, Joseph 8 34 

Milligan, Lambdin P 11 3, 

Mills, Caleb 8 36 

Miner, Bvrum D ,2 55 

Minich, James A 7 152 

Minshall, Deloss W 8 37 

Mitchell, John ,2 53 

Mitchell, Joseph AS 13 39 

Mitchell, Samuel M 5 jg 

Mitchell, James L 7 151 

Mitchell, William 7 150 

Mock, Levi II 31 

Moffat, David W 12 55 

Moffatt, John F 13 43 

Moffett, John 5 57 

Monks, Leander J 6 58 

Montgomery, Robert 13 43 

Moore, Granville C 5 30 

Moore, Isaac S i 35 

Moore, Jackson L 2 24 

Moore, James W 6 58 

Moore, Joseph 7 153 

Moore, Marshall A 5 30 



. Pago 

, Pliilo 13 44 

Morrical, Frank H 10 30 

Morris, Morris 7 258 

Morris, Thomas A 7 258 

Morrison, Ezekiel 13 45 

Morrison, John I 6 95 

Morton, O. P 7 153 

Moury, David 13 45 

Myers, Ch.irles A.0 12 56 

Myers, Peter 3 29 

Myers, Samuel 9 20 

Myers, William R 9 21 

Nave, Christian C 5 31 

Nebcker, George 8 38 

Neely, Thomas S 6 59 

Ncff, Henry H 6 <i9 

Neff, John 6 60 

Neff, John E 7 158 

Nelson, Thomas H 8 59 

Nester, John i 36 

New, Jeptha D 4 i; 

New, John C 7 269 

New, William 7 159 

Newcomb, Dwight i 37 

Newcomb, Horatio C 7 159 

Newland, Benjamin 2 25 

Newland, James H 10 30 

Newman, John S 7 =77 

Niblack, William E 7 160 

Nichol, Joseph W 7 25s 

Nicholson, James C 10 31 

Nicholson, Timothy 6 60 

Niles, John B 3 46 

Noble, James 3 30 

Nordyke, Addison H 7 162 

Nordyke, Ellis 7 161 

North, Benjamin 4 49 

Norvell, Horace V 2 25 

O'Brien, James, of Ko- 

komo n 33 

O'Brien, James, of Plain- 
field s 32 

O'Donagbue.D 7 163 

Offutt, Charles G 7 ,63 

Ogdon, James W 2 26 

Olcotl, John M 7 164 

Oliver, James ,3 47 

O'Neal, John H 2 25 

Orr, Joseph 13 47 

Orr, Samuel 6 61 

Osborn, Andrew L 13 48 

Overman, Emsley A 9 22 

Overman, Nathan R 9 22 

Overton, John G 8 39 

Owen, David Dale i 39 

Owen, Richard i 37 

Owen, Robert i 39 

Owen, Robert Dale i 40 

Oyler, Samuel P 5 33 

Packard, Jasper 13 4S 

Palmer, Truman H 9 23 

Parks, James O ,3 49 

Parrish, Charles S 11 34 

Parry, William 6 62 

Parvin, Theophilus 7 262 

Pattison, Alexander B.... 4 49 

Paul, George W 8 39 

Paxson, Jesse E 6 63 

Payne, Philander W 5 33 

Pearse, MiUon W i 4, 

Pearson, Charles D 7 164 

Pearson, E. D 2 27 

Pearson, Tames C 2 28 

Peaslee, -CVilliam J 7 ,67 

Peed, Henry A 13 51 

Peelle, Slan.on J 7 168 

Peelle, William A 6 63 

Peirce, Martin L 9 24 

Peirce, Robert B. F 8 40 

Perigo, Ezekiel i 41 

Perkins, Samuel E 7 169 

Pettit, John U II 36 

Pfaff, William A 7 171 

Phelps. Abraham M i 42 

Pickerill, Francis M 7 172 

Pi. kerill, George W 7 173 

Pierce, J, T 2 27 

Pincliin, Abner F 12 

Pitclilynn, Hiram R 5 

Pitzer, Andrew B 9 

Pixley, Chelius S 13 

Polk, Robert L 6 

Pollard, Clark N 11 

Pope, Alexander 13 

Porter, Albert G., of In- 
dianapolis 7 

Porter, Albert G., of Leb- 

Posey, Francis "iii;!!!!!"!!! i 

Posey Thomas 3 

Post, Martm M 10 

Powell, Charles G 13 

Powell, Nathan 4 

Powell, Simon T 6 

Powers, Edwin D g 

Prather, Hiram 3 

Prather, Walter S 3 

Pratt. Alonzo J 10 

Pratt, Daniel ll 10 

Prentiss Nelson iz 

Pre-sler, Henry C 12 

Pricketl, Fielding .2 

Prunk, Daniel H 7 

Prnnk, Hattie A 7 

Push, William A 6 

Purcell, Royal E 2 

Quick, John 4 

Rabb, David G 4 

Ragan, Reuben 5 

Ralston, Samuel W 12 

Ralston, William G 1 

Ramsey, Samuel 3 

Randall, Franklin P 12 

Rnnsdell, Daniel M 7 

Rapp, George i 

Ralliff, Cornelius, Sen 6 

Ratliff, Joseph C 6 

Rawle.s, Williamson 12 

Ray, Martin M 7 

Read, John F 3 

Reavis, William i 

Reagan, Amos W 5 

Redding, Thomas B 6 

Reed, George 1 11 

Reed, Nathan 6 

Reeve, Charles H 13 

Reinhard, George L i 

Reising, Paul 3 

Rerick, John H 12 

Reynolds, Alfred W 10 

Ribble, William 6 

Rice, Martin H 7 

Richmond, Corydon 11 

Richmond, Nathaniel P...11 

Ridpath, Abraham 5 

Ridpath, John C 5 

Rippev, Matthew 13 

Roache, Addison L 7 

Roberts, Daniel 4 

Roberts, Gains i 

Roberts, Omar F 4 

Roberts, Robert 4 

Roberts, Thomas W 6 

Robertson, Robert S 12 

Robins, Milton 7 

Robinson, Henry H 12 

Robinson, James H 12 

Robinson, John C 5 

Robinson, Milton S 9 

Rockwood, William 7 

Rogers, Edmund J. 1 

Romaine, Samuel B 13 

Romine, James i 

Root, Deloss 7 

Roots, Francis M 6 

Roots, Philander H 6 

Roper, J.ames A .3 

Rose, Chauncey 8 

Rose, Elihu E 2 

Rose, James E 12 

Rose, John B 11 

Rose, Solomon 12 

Ross, John H II 

Ross, Nathan 11 

Runyan, John N .3 

Russ, George W 7 

Dist. Page 

SalSBUKv, Henrv 7 187 

Salter, James W.". 6 73 

Sample, Thomas J 6 74 

Sampson, James i 49 

Sauforil, George 10 35 

Say, Thomas i 50 

Sayler, Henry B 11 46 

Schefold, Frank 3 32 

Schell, Frederick A 5 38 

Schenck, U. P 4 56 

Schmitz, Charles A 12 68 

Schmuck, Gabriel 7 188 

Schofield, Sylvester H.... 5 39 

Schreeder, Charles C 2 zo 

Schwartzkopf, JohnG.... 5 39 

Schweitzer, Bernhard s 40 

Scobey, John S 4 57 

Scott, John 3 33 

Scott, John T 8 44 

Scribner, B. F 3 33 

Sexton, Mar.shall 6 76 

Shackelford, James M i 50 

Shanklin, JohnG 7 267 

Shanks, John P. C 11 55 

Shaw, Benjamin C 8 42 

Sherman, Mason G .3 57 

Sherrod, James H 2 31 

Sherwood, Marcus i 49 

Shideler, D. K 7 189 

el, John J 3 36 

Shields, Jesse 10 36 

Shields, MeedeyW 3 36 

Shipley, Carlton E 6 7s 

- rk, Elbert H 11 46 

>emaker, John C 7 igo 

^emaker, John W 5 43 

Shunk, David 11 52 

lonson, Alfred 2 31 

Sinker, Alfred T 7 196 

Skinner, Dc Foresi 10 36 

ter, Frederick, Jr 4 tH 

Slaughter, W. W i 51 

eth, George B 6 77 

eth, James M 7 197 

Smart, James H 7 197 

~ lith, Andrew J i 51 

lith, Benjamin W 7 204 

lith, Edwaid Q i 53 

dlh, Edwin 4 58 

lith, Hamihon i 53 

lith, Henry W 4 59 

lith, Hubbard M 2 32 

lith, John L 9 26 

- iilh. John W 5 4, 

Smith, Marquis L 13 58 

" lith, Oliver H 7 199 

lith, Samuel M 2 33 

lith, William Z 2 33 

Snyder, Harpei W ,0 37 

Sparks, Levi 3 37 

Spilker, George W 6 78 

Spink, James C 2 34 

^pooner, Benjamin J 4 59 

borin, Edward 13 58 

Spann, John S 7 207 

Spencer, Elijah M i 54 

Spencer, Jacob \V ii 48 

Staff, Frederick S 5 42 

Slaley, Erastns H 9 27 

nsifer, Simeon 5 42 

dman, Nathan R 4 61 

ele, Asbury ,, 47 

Steele, George K 8 45 

- ele, George W 11 50 

Steele, Theodore 7 206 

Stephenson, Georee W... 6 78 

- evens. Warder W 3 37 

evens, William F 4 61 

ewarl, D..\id M 6 79 

John, Robert T ., 45 

Stockslager. Strother M.. 3 38 

Stockton, Lawrence B 9 27 

Stone. Asahel 6 80 

Stnngh, Solomon 12 68 

Stov. Peter R 3 38 

' ider, Samuel McH . .. 4 +'4 

Stropes, William P 2 36 

- art, William Z 10 37 

Stucker, David F 2 35 

cker, James F 2 35 

Stuckv, John M 5 44 



Studabi.kcr, John 



Stud..baker, Peter 



Studebaker, Clement... 



Studebaker, Jacob F.... 



Studebaker, lohnM.... 
Studebaker, Peter E 




Stutt, George W 



Sulli^n, Jeremiah 

.. 4 


Sutton! Willis E 

. 4 


Surface, Daniel 

.. 6 


Swafford, Henjamni F.... 


Swayzee, Aaron C 



Sweeney, Z. T 

.. ■; 



Swint, William 




Talcott, William C 


Tarkingron. Joseph 

.. 4 


Taylor, Ed vvani H 



Taylor, James E 

Taylor, James M 

.. h 


■■ .1 


Taylor, John L 

Taylor, Lathrop M 



Taylor, Samuel H 


Taylor, Samuel M 

.. q 


laylor. Waller 

.. 2 


Taylor, W. C. L 

.. 5 


Tecgardcn, Abraham... 



Templer, J.imes N 

.. 6 


Terhune. Thomas J 


Terry, Oliver C 


Thayer, Henrv G 



'1 hompsoii, Calvin D ... 


Thompson, David 

.. 6 


'I'hompson, lohn E 



Thompson, 'Richard W 

.. 8 


Thompson, Silas L 

• ■; 


'i'hompson, William M.. 

.. 6 


Tilford, Joseph M 

Tilford, Salem A 

•■ 7 


• 5 



Tingley, Benjamin F 6 84 

Tipton, John 10 40 

Todd, Jacob J 11 77 

Tong, Lucius G 13 -65 

Trentman, August C 12 71 

Trentman, Bernard .2 7, 

Trentnian. Henry J .2 7, 

Tripp, Hagcrman 3 39 

Trisler, J. Randolph 4 72 

Trissal, Francis M 9 30 

Truby, Michael 13 67 

Truby, Philip !3 -67- 

Trusler, Nelson -...•,7 ; 230 

Tucker, Silas lo 4, 

Turner, David 10 42 

Turner, Minus 6 85 

Tuttle, Joseph F 8 4S 

Tvncr, James 7 232 

Tyner, James N i. 77 

Uhl, Joseph .vw 42 

Urmston, Stephen E -,4 73 

Vance, Robert J 8 50 

Van Devauter. Is.iac 11 78 

Van Natta, William S 10 43 

Van Valzah, Robert 8 49 

Veale, James C 2 37 

Vinton, Almus E 7 232 

Violett, John H 13 67 

Voorhees, Daniel W 8 51 

Voyles, S. R .3 41, 

Waldron, Edward H 9 30 

Walker, Geo. B i 55 

Walker, John W 7 231 

Walker, Lyman 11 79 

Wallace, 'David 7 234 

Wallace, James 9 S" 

Wallace. W. DeWitt 9 31 

Walts, John K 10 43 

Ward, Thomas R 9 32 

Ward, William D 4 73 

Dist. Page 

Warder, Luther F 3 41 

Waring, William P 6 26 

Warrura, Noble 7 237 

Washburn, Israel B 10 44 

Washburne, Henry D 8 52 

Wasson, William G 7 240 

Waterman, Miles 12 72 

Watson, Enos L 6 86 

Watson, Lewis L 2 37 

Watts, Howard 4 -4 

Webb, Willis S 7 237 

■Webster, Alexander 3 41 

Wedding, Charles L i 56 

Weicht, William C 12 73 

Weir. Elijah W 12 74 

Welborn, Joseph F 1 57 

Welborn, Oscar M 1 5S 

Wells, Hiram E 2 38 

Wells, Joseph P 4 74 

Wells, Merritt 7 241 

West, Vincent T ■ 57 

Whitcomb, James 8 52 

White, Emerson E 9 35 

■•White, John H 7 242 

White, Michael D 8 53 

Whitesell, Joseph M 6 87 

Wilcox, Samuel P 13 73 

Wilccvon, Lloyd 6 87 

Wildinan, John F 9 32 

Wiles, William V 5 46 

Willard, Ashbel P 2 39 

Willard, Charles F 6 89 

Willard, James H 2 18 

Williams, Frederick S 9 31 

Williams. HughT 4 75 

Williams, James D 2 40 

Williams, James L 7 247 

Williams, Jesse A 10 50 

Williams, Jesse L 11 75 

Williams, John S 9 33 

Williams, Samuel P 12 77 

Williams, William C 12 78 

Williams, William F 5 48 

Dist. Paga 

Williams, William J 10 44 

Williamson, Delano E 5 47 

WiUson, Samuel C 8 SJ 

Willson, Volney 6 88 

Wilson, Elbridge G 2 42 

Wilson, Francis 2 4' 

Wilson, Isaac H 7 248 

Wilson, Robert Q 11 79 

Wilson, Thomas H 10 45 

Wilson, 'Walter 10 46 

Wilson, William C 9 34 

Winfield, Maurice 10 47 

Winkler, William M 5 48 

Winstandlcy, John B 3 41 

Winterbotham, John H...13 73 

Winton, Horace ii 80 

Winton, Robert 6 90 

Wishard, William H 7 242 

Withers, Warren H 12 So 

Wolfe, Adam 6 89 

Wolfe, Harvey S 3 42 

Wolfe, Simeon K _ 3 43 

Wood, Martin 10 47 

Wood, Thomas J 10 49 

Woodfill, Gabriel 4 76 

Woods, Thomas 13 75 

'Woodwoith, Benjamin S..12 81 

'Woollen, Levin J 7 246 

Woollen, Thomas 'W 7 245 

Woollen, 'William W 7 243 

WooUey, Amos 13 75 

Worden, James L 12 82 

Work, William F 3 47 

Warks, John D 4 76 

Wright, Charles E 7 276 

Wright, Henry C 13 76 

Wright, Joseph A 7 247 

Wysor, Jacob H 6 91 

Zaring, John A 3 48 

Zeller, J.icob A i 59 

Zent, Samuel M 12 8j 

Zollinger, Charles 12 82 



^?K2^ (Uyc^. 


Seventh Congressional District. 


; -* 

i||rcDONALD, JOSEPH EWING, was born in 
"jjll I Butler County, Ohio, on the 29th of August, 
^^\ 1819. His father, John McDonald, was of 
4'=^ Scotch extraction, a native of Pennsylvania, and 
by occupation a farmer. He was a man of sterling 
worth, determined, industrious, and self-sacrificing. He 
died when the subject of this sketch was still in in- 
fancy, thus depriving him of his main support and 
counsel, and casting on him for the future many bur- 
dens and responsibilities. Ilis mother, Eleanor (Piatt) 
McDonald, was a Pennsylvanian. Her ancestors were 
French Huguenots, who located first in New Jersey and 
afterwards settled permanently in Ohio. She was a 
woman of a superior order of intellect, her standards all 
high, her influence always elevating. Her highest am- 
bition was a mother's — to educate her children and 
make each a worthy and useful member of society. 
She was a woman of refined tastes, a pleasant writer, 
and, for the amusement and advancement of her chil- 
dren, wrote many sketches and scraps of song. She and 
her husband were both earnest members of the United 
Presbyterian Church. Several years after the death of 
John McDonald she was married to John Kerr, at Fair- 
field Township, Butler County, Ohio. Mr. Kerr was a 
native of Ireland, a frugal, industrious farmer, always out 
of debt, a just and courteous neighbor, a firm but kind 
parent, and the father of seven children, four sons and 
three daughters. He moved with his family to Mont- 
gomery County, Indiana, in the fall of 1826, entered 
land and opened a farm. He was a member of the Old- 
school Presbyterian Church. He died in 1856, at the 
residence of the subject of this narrative, in Crawfords- 
ville, Montgomery County, Indiana. Joseph was seven 
years of age when, in 1826, his parents located in 
Montgomery County, then an almost unbroken forest. 
He remained on the farm until the age of twelve, ex- 
cepting two years spent at Crawfordsville attending 
school. Such spare time as he could command from 

his labors on the farm was occupied in pursuing a 
course of study, which aided much in laying the foun- 
dation for the eventful future in store for him. At an 
early age he conceived a strong love for the law, and 
when ten years old he had determined upon making 
that profession his life work, at the cost of any personal 
hardship or sacrifice. In his twelfth year the ambitious 
aspirant for future honors at the bar became an appren- 
tice at the saddler's trade at Lafayette, Indiana. In that 
capacity he served five years and nine months, except 
three months spent in attending school. For fidelity to 
their interests his employers released him from the last 
three months of his apprenticeship, which time he spent 
in prosecuting his studies. Following the resolution 
made before going to learn a trade, he still pursued his 
studies with vigor at such times as he could snatch 
from work or rest. He had already become quite pro- 
ficient in the English branches and rudiments of learn- 
ing. His favorite study was history, in which he be- 
came well versed, and which he retained and quoted 
with readiness and accuracy. During his apprenticeship 
he had access to the extensive and well selected library 
of Doctor Israel T. Canby, who was then receiver of 
the public moneys of the land office at Crawfordsville, 
Indiana. This opportunity was well improved, and he 
was prepared when leaving there, in 1838, to enter upon 
advanced fields of knowledge. At the age of eighteen 
years he entered Wabash College, at Crawfordsville, and 
began the study of the higher branches of learning with 
success, supporting himself mainly by plying his trade 
at such times as it was possible to do so. He continued 
his studies at college till the spring of 1840, except for 
a short period in the spring of 1839, when he acted 
with the engineer corps of the state of Indiana, who 
were then surveying the bed for the Wabash and Erie 
Canal. In 1840 he entered Asbury University, at 
Greencastle, Indiana, and remained six months, return- 
ing tn Crawfordsville, where he remained the rest of 



[ 7/h Dht. 

llie year and taught school one term. In the spring of 
1841 he went to Williamsport, Indiana, taking a posi- 
tion as clerk in the store of James McDonald, his brother, 
where he resided for one year. In the spring of 1842 he 
began the study of law at Lafayette, Indiana, with Zebu- 
Ion Beard, one of the first lawyers in the state, as his 
preceptor. He advanced with rapid strides in his cho- 
sen profession, his quick and firm grasp of its principles 
being remarkable. He was admitted to practice, upon 
examination before the Supreme Court of Indiana, con- 
sisting of Judges Blackford, Dewey, and Sullivan, in 
the spring of 1843. He was nominated for the office 
of prosecuting attorney before he received his license to 
practice, and was elected to that position at the August 
election foljowing, over Robert Jones, a Whig and a 
prominent member of the Lafayette bar. This was the 
first election of that class of officers by the people, they 
having formerly been chosen by the Legislature. On 
the 25th of December, 1844, he was married to Nancy 
Ruth Buell, at Williamsport, Indiana. She was the 
daughter of Doctor Buell, a practicing physician and 
surgeon, and a woman of lovely character, devoted to 
her family, and conspicuous for her quiet and thorough 
benevolence. The issue of this union was Ezekiel M., 
Malcolm A., Frank B., and Annie M. McDonald, after- 
wards Mrs. Caldwell, who died June 2, 1877. He was 
re-elected prosecuting attorney over Robert Evans, a 
prominent lawyer and politician, in August, 1845, serv- 
ing in all a period of four years. In the fall of 1847 
he moved to Crawfordsville and entered on the practice 
of the law, where he lived until 1859. He was elected 
to the Thirty-first Congress, from the old Eighth Dis- 
trict, in August, 1849, ''"'' served one term. In 1856 
he was elected attorney-general of Indiana, being the 
first chosen to this office by the people, and was re- 
elected in 1858, serving in all four years. He was not 
a candidate for a third term. In the spring of 1859 
he removed to Indianapolis and entered upon the prac- 
tice of the law, forming a partnership with Addison L. 
Roacl'.e, ex-Judge of the Supreme Court of Indiana. 
In 1864 Mr. McDonald was nominated for Governor 
of Indiana by the Democratic State Convention, and 
made a joint canvass with Oliver P. Morton, the Re- 
publican nominee. At the election he received six 
thousand more votes for Governor than the Democratic 
state ticket did in 1862, when the entire Democratic 
state ticket, together with a majority in both branches 
of the General Assembly, was elected. Mr. Morton 
was elected, however, by nearly twenty thousand votes. 
In 1868 E. M. McDonald became the law partner of 
his father, and the next year Addison I.. Roachc retired 
from the firm. E. M. McDon.ald died January I, 1873. 
Frank B. McDonald, his youngest son, has since become 
the law partner of Mr. McDonald. Senator McDonald's 
wife died on September 7, 1872. On the 15th of Sep- 

tember, 1S74, he married Araminta W. Vance, of Craw- 
fordsville, who died February 2, 1875. Throughout his 
entire life he has strictly adhered to his resolution to 
follow the law, and make a success of his profession. 
He has been engaged in some of the most important 
cases that have been tried in the state since his admis- 
sion to the bar. Among the early cases which created 
excitement throughout the state was The State versus 
Sutiuy Owens. The defendant was charged with muriler 
by poison. The prosecution was conducted by Judge 
Gregory, of Lafayette, and Lew Wallace, of Crawfords- 
ville, aided by a strong public prejudice. The case was 
successfully defended, much to the surprise of the entire 
bar. He was of counsel for the defendants in the cele- 
brated case of the United States versus Boivles^ Milti^an, 
and Horsey, tried for conspiracy and treason, by a mili- 
tary commission at Indianapolis, and sentenced to be 
hung. The case was taken to the Supreme Court of the 
United States, where several important constitutional 
questions arose as to the relation of the general govern- 
ment to the states, the war power of the government, 
and the rights of the citizen. The defendants were re- 
leased by the Supreme Court. He was of counsel for 
defendants in the noted case of Becte versus t/ie State, 
in wliich the Supreme Court decided that the enactment 
which was known as the Maine Liquor Law was unconsti- 
tutional. He was also in the widely known case of 'J'he 
Slate versus Ahrams, charged with complicity in the hor- 
rible "Cold Springs" murder, tried in the Marion County 
Criminal Court. He was one of the attorneys for the 
parties who assailed the constitutionality of what was 
known as the Baxter Liquor Law. In the Supreme 
Court of the state and the Federal Court he has taken 
an active part in many important cases; one of the 
most important being the case of The nitslnirgh, Cin- 
cinnati and St. Louis Nailroad Company versus The Colum- 
bus, Chicago and Indiana Central J\aihvay Company, in 
which were involved a net-work of railroad interests 
and large sums of money, depending upon the validity 
and construclion of a ninety-nine years' lease. He 
made the principal argument for the objectors in the 
count of the vote of Louisiana, before the 
Electoral Commission appointed to determine the result 
of the presidential election of 1876. Mr. McDonald 
thinks that the creation of this commission was the ex- 
ercise of a doubtful power in a case of apparent neces- 
sity. Joseph Ewing McDonald was elected to the 
United States Senate for six years, to succeed Daniel D. 
Pratt, and took his seat March 5, 1875. He is chair- 
man of the Committee on Public Lands, and the second 
member of the Judiciary Committee of the Senate, and 
ranks as one of the best lawyers of that body. He is, 
and has always been, a firm, consistent Democrat, of 
the JefTersonian school, as personified in the political 
life of Andrew Jackson. He believes the true idea of 

yth Dist.l 



American Democracy is to preserve, unimpaired, all the 
riglits reserved to tlie states respectively and to tlie peo- 
ple without infringing upon any of the powers dele- 
gated to the general government by the Constitution; 
and that constitutional government is of the first im- 
portance and a necessity to the peipeluily of the Amer- 
ican Union. He believes in the virtue of the people, 
and in their ability and purpose to maintain their insti- 
tutions inviolate against the assaults of designing men. 
He was a member of the Senate committee which 
visited New Orleans to investigate the count of the vote 
of Louisiana in the contest of 1876. He was also on 
the Teller- Wallace committee to investigate frauds in 
elections in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. He was 
chairman of the Democratic State Convention in 186S, 
and of the Democratic state central committee during 
the campaigns of 1S68 and 1S74. As an orator, both 
at the bar and on the hustings, he is cool, logical, and 
forcible; as a citizen, he has the confidence and respect 
of all who know him, regardk-ss of political creeds. 
He has traveled extensively in his own country, and is 
thoroughly acquainted with its institutions and people. 
In religion he is a Christian, and a member of the Epis- 
copal Church. He is regarded by all parties as a 
statesman of acknowledged merit. His views are broad 
and comprehensive on all questions of public interest ; 
not a man of expedients, but stating his views clearly 
and boldly, leaving the result to the candid judgment 
of the people. The opinions of his most bitter oppo- 
nents are never treated with disdain. Few men have 
enjoyed the uniform confidence of their fellow-citizens to 
the extent that he has. His steadfastness of purpose, 
his honest desire of accomplishing what was best for 
the people, have given him a home in their hearts and 
won for him the greatest honors they had to bestow. 
Their confidence has never been betrayed or sacrificed 
for personal aggrandizement. T^he writer of this brief 
sketch has had evidence of this constantly forced upon 
him, during an intimate knowledge of the subject for 
many years. It must, in truth, be said that his marked 
characteristic is his uniform sincerity, which inspires 
universal confidence. Confucius recognized the worth 
of such a man when he said : " Faithfuhiess and sin- 
cerity are the highest things." Carlyle wrote of one 
with such virtues: '< I should say sincerity, a great gen- 
uine sincerity, is the first characteristic of all men in 
any way heroic." 

fASON, JAMES L., lawyer, Greenfield, Hancock 
County, was born near Brownsville, Union 
County, Indiana, April 3, 1834. His father, 
Robert Mason was a native of Scotland, emi- 
grating to this country, and settling on a farm in Union 
County, the same year his son, Jamc^ I.., was born. 

The litter received his preliminary education in the 
common schools of his locality, which he attended at 
interv.als until he was fourteen years of age, when he 
entered Farmers' College, near Cincinnati, Ohio. Here 
he pursued his studies for a time, but finally went to 
Bloomington, Indiana, and began a literary course of 
study in the state university, where he had the reputa- 
tion of a careful and industrious student. When he had 
progressed through the junior year he quitted the uni- 
versity for a time, and, returning to Brownsville, his 
native town, taught two terms of school in that place, 
serving by election at the same time in the capacity of 
county surveyor for Union County. He studied law 
with Hon. John S. Reid, of Connersville, Indiana, for 
a time, and then, returning to Bloomington, re-entered 
the university, and studied for one teim in the law de- 
partment. He subsequently taught at Abington, Wayne 
County, Indiana, and afterward removed to Greenfield, 
Hancock County, whtre he was principal of the public 
schools up to 1857. During all this time he had assidu- 
ously pursued his legal course, and at the close of his 
engagement he entered the office of Hon. Thomas D. 
Walpole, a noted lawyer of Greenfield, where he prose- 
cuted his reading with vigor, soon after beginning the 
practice of his chosen profession, in wliich he dis- 
tinguished himself as an apt and accurate student and 
vkillful bairister. His connection with the legal busi- 
ness of the county and its surroundings enlarged his 
sphere of acquaintance, and made him many warm and 
influential friends, and in 1862 he was elected joint 
Representative of Hancock and Shelby Counties in the 
state Legislature, over his opponent, George W. Hat- 
field, a very popular gentleman, by seven hundred and 
fifty votes, where he served with honor and dignity, 
and to the complete satisfaction of his constituency, as 
was evidenced by his subsequent election to the state 
Senate in 1864, over Hon. Eden H. Davis, a prominent 
attorney at Shelbyville, by eight hundred votes. Here 
lie still further distinguished himself as a legislator, 
serving on the judiciary and other important commit- 
tees of that body %vith rare ability. Nor did he during 
this time neglect the home interests of his adopted 
county, but iu many ways contributed to its advance- 
ment and jiro-perity. He took great interest in its agri- 
cultural advancement, and was one of four public- 
spirited men who canvassed the county and secured the 
organization of the Hancock Agricultural Society. Mr. 
Mason is an honored member of the Masonic Frater- 
nity, having joined that order in 1853, and for a long 
time served as secretary of his lodge. He is of Presby- 
terian proclivities, but belongs to no Church organiza- 
tion, though he is always found in his pew on Sundays. 
He has given liberal aid and encouragement to 
Churches, schools, and all worthy enterprises of his 
adopted home. Mr. Mason has always been a steadfast 



[ yth Dist. 

Democrat, and an efficient worker for the interests of 
his party. In iS66, in the congressional convention 
composed of the counties of Hancock, Shelby, Marion, 
Johnson, and Morgan, he received the unanimous 
indorsement of his county for Congress, but declined 
the honor thus tendered. August I2, lS6i, he was 
married to Miss Emma R. Millikan, daughter of Samuel 
R. Millikan, of Washington, Ohio, but suffered her loss 
by death in six weeks thereafter. On the twelfth day 
of December, 1S67, he was married to Miss Rebecca 
Julian, daughter of Judge Jacob B. Julian, of Indian- 
apolis, but was again bereft of his companion, October 
22, 1877. Mr. Mason's career has been one of promi- 
nence and probity. He has been eminently successful 
in all the branches of his profession, and has a large 
and increasing law practice. His manly exertions have 
met with a merited reward, both in the esteem of his 
fellow-citizens and in financial success. He is the 
owner of some two thousand acres of land, and is one 
of the wealthiest men in the county. He is a man of 
fine social qualities and gentlemanly deportment, and it 
may be said of him, what can be said of few, that those 
who know him best are his most enthusiastic admirers 
and his firmest friends. 

— >««-> — 

jlTlClIENER, LOUIS THEODORE, lawyer, of 
J rl] Shelliyville, was born near Connersville, Indiana, 
<^i3,\ December 21, 1848. His father, William Miche- 
Y«V^ ner, was of German Quaker descent, and his 
mother, Mary A., of English. He has, therefore, in his 
veins the blood of the two hardiest European races, the 
effect of which is plainly indicated in his physical and 
mental energy. His educational training was limited to 
the common schools of his county, except one year at 
the college at Brookville, Indiana, although in early 
youth he had developed an unusual fondness for read- 
ing, so that he was really educated far in advance of 
his classmates. Leaving school he spent one year in 
the store of Leonard & Brother, at Connersville. Al- 
though assured by friends that he possessed more than 
ordinary capacity for mercantile business, he felt com- 
pelled to go into the field of his chosen profession. 
.\ccordingly, he began the study of law in March, 1870, 
with the late James C. Mcintosh, at Connersville. He 
studied until May, 1871, when he began practice in 
Brookville, Indiana. He removed to Winfield, Cowley 
County, Kansas, in 1873, where he practiced his pro- 
fession successfully until August, 1874, when he re- 
turned to this state to form a partnership with Thomas 
B. Adams. The firm began in ShelbyviUe on the ist 
of October, 1874, and has been unusually successful in 
every branch of business. Il is recognized as the first 
i>ne at the Shelby County bar. Oji the 26th of April, 
1S70, Mr. MiclKrier brcanie a ..f the Independ- 

ent Order of Odd-fellows, and is now Noble Grand of 
Shelby Lodge, No. 39. In July, 1871, he was ap- 
pointed deputy district attorney for Franklin County, 
and had entire charge of the criminal business of that 
county in the Common Pleas Court until the abolition 
of the court in 1873, during which period he adminis- 
tered the duties of the office with great vigor and suc- 
cess. Republican in politics, he is ever found ready to 
uphold and expound the doctrines of his party. In 
the campaigns of 1872 and 1876 he made an active can- 
vass in behalf of the Republicans. Being entirely de- 
voted to his profession, he has not desired any political 
reward. He, in common with his family, is a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He was married 
to Mary E., daughter of Hon. Thomas B. Adams, at 
Brookville, Indiana, May 30, 1872. Mr. Michener is 
six feet one inch in height, and his symmetrical 
physique is such as to command attention every-where. 
His open and manly countenance is attractive, and 
marks him as a man of more than ordinary ability. In 
personal character Mr. Michener is suave, affable, viva- 
cious, and ingenuous, and is universally recognized as 
one of the best members of society. Being a young 
man, the greater part of his career, begun so auspi- 
ciously, lies before liim, but, with such qualifications as 
he possesses, it can not be other than successful. 

»-JI!«fr-: — 

ji'l'lTCHELL, WILLIAM, editor and publisher of 
') 11 the Hancock Democrat, Greenfield, was born in 
%i'-i^ Monigomery County, Kentucky, August 15, 1823. 
\iȤ^ His father, John F. Mitchell, was born at Wash- 
ington, Kentucky, in 1791, in a fort built by Simon 
Kenton and Daniel Boone, and was married to Enfield 
Ralls, in 1820, by Elder John Smith. William was ed- 
ucated at Maysville, Kentucky, in the rudimentary 
branches of knowledge. He had a natural inclination 
toward the printer's trade, and learned it thoroughly in 
early life, after which he traveled in various parts of the 
United States in pursuit of that calling. Occasionally, 
when tired of travel, he would stop at some place to 
publish a paper for a time, and then again renew his 
rambles. During this time he acquired a vast amount 
of general information, which has been of great service 
to him in the labors of his after life. In 1S49 he lo- 
cated in Cincinnati, and in 1852 he married Calesty 
Long, an orphan girl, without a living relative, and 
who yet presides over his comfortable and well-appointed 
home. This union resulted in a large family of chil- 
dren, fifteen in all, six of whom are dead and nine 
living. In politics, Mr. Mitchell was originally a Whig, 
but on the demise of that party became a Democrat, to 
which organization he still adheres, doing earnest and 
efficient work for its interests through his paper. In 

7th Dist.\ 



1855 he removed to Lafayette, and in the spring of 

1856 came from that place to Greenfield, where he has 
ever since resided. In i860 he began the publication 
of the Hancock Democrat, which has grown with the 
population and prosperity of the county. Mr. Mitchell 
is not only a skillful printer, but a man of excellent 
taste in all that pertains to his business, and, with laud- 
able ambition to excel, has acquired one of the largest 
and best appointed printing establishments in the state 
outside of a large city; and, having all the adv.antages 
which steam and improved machinery can give, his 
work is equal to that of any office in Indiana. As an 
editorial writer, he is terse and vigorous, driving to the 
point without circumlocution and without fear, and his 
opponents have long since learned to respect, and his 
political friends to admire, the caustic efforts of his 
pen. He has been an earnest advocate of all public im- 
provements, and a never-failing friend of the schools, 
with which he has been connected, in one official ca- 
pacity or another, for many years. He is now secretary 
of the school board of the city of Greenfield. Socially, 
he is a genial gentleman ; in business, he is upright, and 
he enjoys, as a man, the fullest confidence of his neigh- 
bors and associates. 

fITCHELL, JAMES L., of Indianapolis, lawyer, 
was born in Shelby County, Kentucky, Septem- 
ber 29, 1834. His parents were P. L. D. and 
Mary A. Mitchell. His father's father, the Rev. 
Thomas Mitchell, was chaplain in the army of the War 
of 181 2. His mother's father. Colonel John Ketchum, 
\vas one of the earliest settlers in Indiana, was wounded 
by the Indians, and took many Indian scalps in retalia- 
tion therefor. The parents of J. L. Mitchell removed 
to Monroe County, Indiana, when he was seven or eight 
years old. James L. Mitchell was brought up on a farm, 
working during the summer and attending the country 
school in the winter. He subsequently entered the In- 
diana State University, and graduated therefrom in 1858, 
after a five years' term, and afterwards attended the 
law school in the same institution. He adopted the 
profession of law, was admitted to the bar, located at 
Indianapolis, December 29, 1859, and has been engaged 
in the practice ever since at the same place, excepting 
when in the public service. When the late war began 
he was commissioned, on July 16, 1862, adjutant of the 
,70th Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, served in the De- 
partment of the Cumberland under General George H. 
Thomas, and was with General Sherman's army in the 
battles from Chattanooga to Atlanta. After the taking 
of Atlanta, he was, at the request of General Lovell H. 
Rousseau, assigned to duty on his stafl^, where he 
served until the close of the war. Major Mitchell was 
elected mayor of Indianapolis, May 6, 1S73, over Cap- 

lain W. D. Wiles, by a majority of seven hundred and 
seventy-eight votes, his nomination having been un- 
sought, and tendered to him while absent from the city 
on business. He served as mayor two years. When in 
college Major Mitchell was a member of the Philo- 
mathian Society of that institution, and was its anni- 
versary speaker in 1858. He delivered the address to 
the Alumni of the university in 1861, and is now a 
member of the Phi Delta Theta Society. In religious 
matters. Major Mitchell is of the Old-school Piesby- 
terian denomination. He is not a politician, but a 
"Douglas war Democrat;" his son (twelve years old) 
is also a Democrat, but his wife is a Republican. Major 
Mitchell was married, October 4, 1864, to Clara E. 
Carter, who was a niece of Hon. George G. Dunn, 
formerly member of Congress from Indiana, and one of 
the finest orators and ablest lawyers of his day. Major 
Mitchell has only one child, James L. Mitchell, junior, 
born September 9, 1868, who is very promising; no 
worse than all smart boys will be, and has many of his 
mother's good qualities. The subject of this sketch is 
above the medium height, and is of stout build, weigh- 
ing two hundred pounds. His physique is striking. 
He possesses an animated, open countenance, and a 
florid complexion. He is hale and hearty, and is 
withal a gentleman of marked personnel. He has the 
reputation of having ably and faithfully filled the mili- 
tary and civil offices of trust to which he has been 
called. Happy in the enjoyment of abundant means, 
an interesting family, and the unqualified esteem of all 
who have the honor of his acquaintance, he wisely 
takes that enjoyment of life that should attend the tried 
patriot, soldier, and civilian. 

ILLER, JAMES, captain, and assistant adjutant- 
general of Indiana, was born in Cheviot, Hamil- 
'i^X ton County, Ohio, February 9, 1839, where he 
^''eK attended school until his seventeenth year, at 
which time he was sent by his parents, who were in 
easy circumstances, to Farmers' College, at College 
Hill, Ohio. Three years later he graduated, and soon 
after went to New Orleans, where he accepted a situa- 
tion as salesman, traveling through Louisiana, Missis- 
sippi, and Texas, selling goods and collecting for the 
house with which he was connected, until the breaking 
out of the war, in 1861, when, with some difficulty, he 
made his way to the North, arriving at Cincinnati on 
the first day of September of that year. Ten days 
after he enlisted in Company M, 5th Ohio Volunteer 
Cavalry, with which regiment he continued three years, 
jiarticipating in all the engagements, beginning with 
Pittsburgh Landing, in which that gallant regiment 
engaged, and being mustered out on the 29th of De- 



\ylh Dist. 

cember, 1864. In 1867 the Captain moved to Indiana, 
where he taught school in various places until 1873, 
when he came to Indianapolis. Captain Miller is afnost 
efficient assistant to Adjutant-general Russ, and the 
ease and facility with which the business of this office 
is dispatched, are largely owing to his painstaking at- 
tention to detail. The Captain is married, his wife, 
Lillian L. Millard, of Greensburg, Indiana, being a 
handsome and agreeable lady. 

fINICH, JAMES A., physician and surgeon, Indi- 
anapolis, Indiana, was born near Carlisle, Sullivan 
County, Indiana, March 30, 1831. He is a son 
4»^ of Anthony and Elizabeth Minich, who emigrated 
from Tennessee at an early day, and were therefore pio- 
neers of Indiana. His father was a farmer and stock- 
raiser, and took much pride in his calling. Young 
Minich was early in life taught the use of the wood- 
man's ax, hoe, and mattock, and soon became familiar 
with the hardships of pioneer farm life, attended with 
all the inconveniences of sparse settlements. Under 
these circumstances, he attended the schools of his lo- 
cality, having evinced a strong desire for intellectual 
culture. But scarcely had his school days begun when 
death claimed his father, and he was left an orphan, 
with the support of a widowed mother largely in his 
charge. With this new responsibility added to his 
already formidable difficulties, his life became one of 
unceasing care and constant application to the multi- 
farious duties devolving upon him. But he proved 
himself equal to the emergency, and soon became mas- 
ter of the situntion, working while it was daylight, and 
preparing lessons by lamplight. Thus his intellectual 
acquirements steadily increased, in spite of the meager 
facdities of the common schools, till 1S50, when he en- 
tered Asbury University, at Greencastle, Indiana, where 
he took an irregular scientific, which qualified 
him for teaching, and for three or four years subse- 
quently he so employed his time. At the suggestion 
of Doctor Hinkle, who was his bosom friend, and whom 
he met at this time, he began the study of medicine 
with Doctor Hinkle, and continued in it for three years, 
when he entered the University of New York, where 
he graduated in 1S56. Immediately thereafter he located 
at Worthington, Indiana, for the practice of his pro- 
fession. From the i)eginning of tliis Doctor Minich 
evinced great skill and proficiency in surgery, and in 
consequence was called to places at some distance from 
his home, where such skill was required. Without the 
aid of the new appliances now common in surgery, the 
Doctor performed some difficult and hazardous opera- 
tions, and did it with such success that he soon became 
the pride of his fellow-physicians. One operation, of 

peculiar interest, ought to be mentioned here. It was 
the removal of a urinary calculus, which is supposed to lie 
the largest on record, weighing twelve ounces and three 
drachms.' He joined the Methodist Episcopal Church 
when eleven years old, and up to this day continues 
steadfastly in the faith. He is an honored and respected 
member of the Free and Accepted Masons, having 
joined the order in 1862. In 1857 he was united in 
marriage to Miss Martha Allison, daughter of J. M. H. 
Allison, his present intellectual and estimable lady. 
Although eminently fitted to fill offices of trust and 
honor, he preferred the retirement of private life to the 
cares of the public servant, and for fifteen years quietly 
continued his professional practice at the place of be- 
ginning. After that period, however, and in 1870, he 
was so strongly importuned by the Democratic party to 
become a candidate for Representative of his county 
(Greene) that he finally, and witli great reluctance, ac- 
cepted the nomination, although the district was Re- 
publican. The result of his canvass was complimentary 
in the highest degree, for he overcame the usual major- 
ity of two hundred and fifty, and was himself elected to 
the Forty-seventh General Assembly by a majority of 
one hundred and seventy-nine. This demonstrates in 
the strongest terms that his personal popularity was of 
the very highest. His course in the Legislature was 
of the most exemplary character. He was noted for 
great fairness and strict attention to his duties. Always 
at his post, with courteous bearing and an air of self- 
possession, he won the respect and confidence of mem- 
bers of all parties and creeds. As chairman of the 
Committee on Benevolent Institutions, he acquitted 
himself with many new honors. His report from this 
committee was ordered printed in pamphlet form for 
free distribution, and shows great sagacity and fore- 
sight. It was probably the means of perpetuating the 
Soldiers' Orphans' Home at Knightstown, an institution 
which then came near being abolished, but which is 
now the pride of the state. When a member of the 
Legislature, Doctor Minich met Doctors Allen and 
Johnson, of tlie National Surgical Institute, who had 
heard of his great skill as a surgeon, and arranged for 
his labors in that institute, so that soon after, returning 
home he removed with his family to Indianapolis, 
where he has since lived, part of his time employed 
there in the principal office, and part of the time in 
charge of a branch institute at Atlanta. It is scarcely 
necessary to remark that Doctor Minich now has a na- 
tional reputation as a surgeon. His situation clearly 
demonstrates this proposition. He is a large, portly 
gentleman, of kindly and courteous bearing, and enjoys 
the fullest confidence and esteem of all who know him. 
He and his interesting family are the admired of a host 
of the elite of the city. Although a social gentleman, 
and frequently in society and in company with his 

yth Dist.] 



friends, he has carefully avoided the contaminations 
and evil influences of a city ; for it is truthfully said — 
how greatly to his credit all may judge — that Doctor 
Minich never swore an oath nor drank a draught of 

JWOORE, COLONEL JOSEPH, of Indianapolis, 
Jljlllj was born in Daviess County, Indiana, March 5, 
E^\ 1S29. His father was born in Chester County, 
Y«W Pennsylvania, and married a Miss Allison, the 
daughter of a farmer living near Maysville, Kentucky. 
The family about 1820 came to the wilds of the West, 
and of this parentage is Colonel Moore. In those early 
days, when Indiana was yet young, few were the facilities 
for olitaining a common school education, while high 
schools and colleges were yet to come. The excellent 
system of public instructioif of the state is the aggregate 
result of years of toil and careful management. Joseph's 
education was not elaborate. The greater part of the 
time he was under instruction was while he was in at- 
tendance upon the public schools of Vincennes. For 
two years, however, he studied at an academy in New- 
burg, Warrick County, an institution under Presbyterian 
control, but after this he gave himself to mercantile 
pursuits, into which channel he readily drifted by reason 
of a peculiar fitness for its duties. He continued in 
business until the beginning of the Rebellion. At Iheir 
country's call for help there were many who walked 
bravely up to the very threshold of death, and extended 
a strong and willing hand to aid her in maintaining a 
place among the nations of the earth. With those who 
came with firmest step, and were readiest to sacrifice 
all for the land they loved, was Mr. Moore, and of a 
record like his might any man be justly proud. In 
l86i he organized the 58th Indiana Regiment of Vol- 
unteers, at Princeton, Gibson County, and entered the 
army as its captain. He and his band crossed to Ken- 
tucky, and served under Gener.als Buell, Rosecrans, and 
Thomas, in their various campaigns in Kentucky and 
Tennessee, Mississippi and Georgia. At his starting he 
was tendered a major's commission, which he declined 
to accept, but, after having "crossed the line," he was 
promoted to the r.ank of colonel, and participated in 
every hard-fought battle in which his division was en- 
gaged. He came home; but in the winter of 1S63 and 
1864 he re-enlisted, now taking charge of the engineer- 
ing trains under General Thomas; and he did efficient 
service. He bridged all the armies from Chattanooga 
to Atlanta, and that of Georgia through from Atlanta 
to the sea, in the route spanning the Savannah River 
and several swamps, and doubtless constructing not less 
than five miles of corduroy road. When he returned 
to his home he was much afflicted with rheumatism. 
I Living made a satisfactory disposition of. his property 

in Gibson County, he removed farther westward — to 
Macon, Missouri — Ijut finding his ailment not only not 
benefited, but steadily growing worse, he returned in 
1871. While he was a resident of Macon, the people 
of that place showed their hearty appreciation of Colonel 
Moore, as a citizen and a soldier, by electing him to the 
office of mayor. Mr. Moore is a man of very retiring 
disposition. He seldom asks favors of the public, or 
seeks preferment. He was married, on the twenty-sev- 
enth day of August, 1853, to Miss Arminda C. Knowles, 
of Gibson County. She is a most amiable Christian 
woman, born May 19, 1S34. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Congregational Church, uniting therewith 
in 1S68. Eight children have been born to them, five 
of whom, all girls, are still living. True to a father's 
instinct, his most ardent desire is that his children may 
become well educated. In personal appearance Col- 
onel Moore is slight of buiid, dark, and wearing an 
expression only too plainly showing ill-health and the 
cares of half a century. For eight years past he has 
been connected with a line of fire insurance companies, 
as one of the firm of Beardsley & Moore. In his polit- 
ical faith he is decidedly Republican, being from the 
very origin of that party its firm and steadfast supporter. 

fORTON, OLIVER PERRY, was born in the 
village of Saulsbury, Wayne County, Indiana, 
_ , ^, August 4, 1823. His name is not only as famil- 
■il^sy iar as household words to the people of Indiana, 
not only inseparably connected with the eventful history 
of the state, but one also which embellishes the bright- 
est pages of a nation's annals. No other man has ever 
been more renowned and honored in Indiana, and, of 
all those born within her borders, none have contributed 
so largely to the honor and dignity of the state. The 
family name was originally Throckmorton, and was so 
written by the grandfather, who emigrated from Eng- 
land about the beginning of the Revolutionary War, 
and settled in New Jersey. James T. Morton, father 
of Oliver P., was a native of New Jersey, and a man 
of sterling worth, sound sense, good judgment, and 
strict integrity. While yet a young man he emigrated 
to the West, and finally located in Wayne County, In- 
diana, where he married the mother of Oliver P., whose 
maiden name was .Sarah Miller. She died while Oliver 
was quite young, so that he scarcely knew what it was 
to have a mother's love. His father at one time en- 
gaged in the building of the old Hamilton and Cincin- 
nati Canal, but his contracts proved unsuccessful, and 
he returned to work at his trade, which was that of a 
shoemaker. Thus it will be seen that Governor Morton 
had none of the aids given by wealth and high social 
position in early life; and one uf the grandest lessons 



[7th Dist. 

to be drawn from his career is that humble birth and 
adverse circumstances tend rather to develop strength 
of character, and lead to great achievements, than to 
prevent the bestowal of such honors. Oliver P. Morton 
was named after Oliver H. Perry, the naval hero. Of 
his early life but little is known. After the death of 
his mother the years of his boyhood were spent with 
his grand-parents, in Ohio, and with two widowed aunts, 
who resided in Centerville, Wayne County. His father's 
moderate circumstances allowed him but little opportu- 
nity for early education, and it is not known that at this 
period of his life he gave evidence of any future great- 
ness. At the age of fourteen he was placed by his aunts 
in the Wayne County Seminary, and Professor S. H. 
Hoshour thus speaks of him: "He was a timid and 
rather verdant-looking youth, whose mental manifesta- 
tions at that time were not equal to those of some of 
his schoolmates; but his steady demeanor and persistent 
application to his studies gave him a respectable posi- 
tion in his classes." But, if Oliver was not the most 
showy boy in his class, he had a depth of character 
whose force was yet to be developed, and place him 
above his fellows, and cause him to be ranked among 
the great men of his time. He remained at this school 
little more than a year, and was then put to work with 
his elder half-brother, \V. S. T. Morton, to learn the 
hatter's trade. During the four years which were spent 
in learning this business his spare hours were devoted 
to reading, and the information thus acquired created 
so great a thirst for knowledge that he left his trade in 
1843 and entered Miami University, at Oxford, Ohio. 
Here he remained two years, his vigorous mind eagerly 
grasping, absorbing, and appropriating knowledge. He 
was then characterized as a diligent, earnest student; 
modest, but not timid; plain, but not verdant; and 
more anxious to acquire than to display learning. At 
this institution he achieved the reputation of being the 
best debater in college, here developing those powers 
of analysis and argument which were to make him 
celebrated in after life. Upon leaving college, after 
two years of hard study and hard fare (for he boarded 
himself part of the time in his own room), he imme- 
diately began the study of law, in the office of Hon. 
John S. Newman, of Indianapolis, then residing in Cen- 
terville. Morton was then nearly twenty-two years of 
age. About this time, or on the 15th of May, 1845, lis 
was married to Miss Lucinda Burbank, daughter of Isaac 
Burbank, of Centerville. This gentle lady evcrcised a 
most gracious influence over his subsequent life and for- 
tunes. She was a devoted wife and mother, as well as 
a wise counselor, sympathetic friend, and intelligent 
companion. To the study of law Oliver P. Morton 
brought the same directness of purpose and energetic 
effort wliiili now become recognized traits of his 
character, and he grappled with the knotty problems 

of the law as one who felt his power to master them. 
His preceptor says: "He was laborious in his studies, 
temperate in his habits, and genial in manners; a very 
thorough reader, and possessed in a remarkable degree 
the power of thinking at all times and in every place." 
He was admitted to the bar in 1847, and found himself 
at the outset of his career brought in professional con- 
tact with some of the ablest and most cultivated men 
who have graced the profession in Indiana. It was a 
good school for the young lawyer, and put him to the 
effort of bringing out all there was in him. At the bar 
he soon became known through Eastern Indiana, and 
the number of his friends and legal cases were rapidly 
increased. He possessed the faculty of selecting the 
salient points of a case, and getting at the heart of a 
legal question. His mind was massive and logical, and 
he could apply great legal principles to given cases, 
discard non-essentials, and reach decisive points. 
Only five years after his admission to the bar he 
was appointed by the Governor Circuit Judge. He 
was then but twenty-nine years of age. This ap- 
pointment was a high mark of distinction, and a 
flattering recognition of Mr. Morton's personal and 
professional merit. During the summer of 1852 
he held court at the capital of the state several day.s, 
and strongly impressed the bar by his mastery of legal 
principles and the clearness and force of his decisions. 
He was an able associate and formidable competitor, po- 
lite and gentlemanly in his intercourse with his profes- 
sional brethren. Hon. T. A. Hendricks says of him : 
" He possessed every qualification for eminence in our 
profession." Being naturally of a controversial cast of 
mind, he preferred active professional combat to judi- 
cial service. He always mastered every thing he under- 
took, and could not be deterred by false pride from 
going back to gather knowledge in which he imagined 
himself to be deficient. This is proved by citing the 
fact that, after five years of professional practice and a 
highly creditable service on the bench, Mr. Morton, be- 
fore resuming legal practice, took a six months' course 
in the law school of Cincinnati, probably the only in- 
stance of the kind on record. After this period of close 
application he returned to the practice of his profession 
with an assiduity and zeal that won success and reward. 
During the next few years he laid the foundation for 
the moderate fortune which he amassed. Between 1852 
and 1S60 nearly all his time and energy were given to 
the law. Events were now shaping themselves which 
were destined to change the whole course of his life 
and in a most remarkable manner develop the latent 
force of his character. The political career of Oliver P. 
Morton has been of such a brilliant cnaracter that his 
great achievements in the field of the statesman, his 
wonderful ]iower as a political organizer, have won for 
him a recoi;nition of his ability from the strongest op- 

yth Dist.] 



ponents, and faith in his prowess and the lasting fealty 
and admiration of thousands of friends, as he rose from 
eminence to eminence until he reached the highest 
point among statesmen. A brief sketch of the life of a 
man whose career has been so marked can but comprise 
a few points, a few rough notes, which, written out, 
might fill a volume. Until his thirty-first year Mr. 
Morton was a Democrat, but was opposed to the exten- 
sion of slavery, and upon the formation of the Repub- 
lican party he allied himself with that organization, 
being a Republican in principle before the name was 
adopted. In 1S56 he was one of the three delegates 
sent from Indiana to the Pittsburgh Convention, and was 
recognized as one of the strong men of the new party. 
In May, 1856, the Republicans of Indiana nominated 
Mr. Morton by acclamation for Governor. He accepted 
the nomination with a full consciousness that there was 
little or no chance for his election. His opponent was 
Ashbel P. Willard, a most able man and brilliant 
speaker. He made an active canvass of the entire state, 
and wherever he went made a dignified and lasting im- 
pression. His manner was forcible, his style of speak- 
ing earnest and convincing. He never appealed to 
men's passions, but always to their intellect and reason, 
and whether in attack or defense proved himself a ready 
and powerful debater. From this campaign of 1S56, 
unsuccessful though it was, dated Mr. Morton's popu- 
larity with Republicans, and from this time forth he 
was the recognized leader of the party in Indiana. 
During the next four years most of his time was devoted 
to law, although, as opportunity offered, he labored 
energetically for the success of the party. In 1S60 he 
was nominated for Lieutenant-governor, with Hon. 
Henry S. Lane for Governor, with the distinct under- 
standing that, if the party was successful, Mr. Lane 
should go to the United States Senate and Mr. Morton 
become Governor. As in 1856, he entered into a spirited 
campaign. His speeches commanded the attention of 
thinkers, and .wherever he went he was enthusiastically 
received. The result of the campaign was a Repub- 
lican success that placed Mr. Lane in the United States 
Senate, and Mr. Morton in the gubernatorial chair of 
Indiana at the early age of thirty-seven years. Perhaps 
had it not been for the war the strength of his charac- 
ter might never have been so fully developed, but, even 
without the events which connected him with the war, 
he would have excelled as a statesman. From the day 
of his inauguration Mr. Morton gave evidence of pos- 
sessing extraordinary executive ability. It has been 
said that "great emergencies make great men." This 
is only partly true. They do often call forth the great- 
ness that is in men, but they can not make great men 
out of small . materials. The early months of his ad- 
ministration were occupied by the mapping out of 
measures looking to civil refuini and retrenchment. 

Governor Morton was one of the first to foresee the 
coming storm of battle, and was most active in prepar- 
ing to meet it. He was no friend to half-way measures. 
His voice was for the Constitution and the Union, and, 
if need be, for war to preserve them. Perceiving the 
danger of a dilatory policy, he visited Washington 
soon after the inauguration of President Lincoln, to ad- 
vise vigorous action and to give assurance of Indiana's 
support in such a policy. During this period events 
followed each other in rapid succession, culminating in 
the attack on Fort Sumter. On the morning of the day of 
the President's proclamation calling for troops, and before 
it was received in Indianapolis, Governor Morton had tele- 
graphed to Mr. Lincoln, tendering, on behalf of the state, 
ten thousand men for the defense of the nation. Thus 
was Indiana, through her loyal Governor, the first state 
to proffer troops, as she was also one of the first to put 
her soldiers in the field, and in less than seven days 
after the call the services of more than twelve thousand 
men had been tendered. Thus at the very threshold of 
the conflict he showed an appreciation of its probable 
magnitude, and an energy in preparing for it, not 
evinced by the Governor of any Northern State. So all 
the time he either anticipated every call for troops, or 
had matters in such a state of preparation that no time 
was lost in responding. Under these various calls 
Indiana gave to the United States 208,367 volun- 
teers. This record of Indiana, which he was so instru- 
mental in framing, reflects imperishable honor on the 
name of Oliver P. Morton, who was henceforth known 
throughout the nation as the "Great War Governor." 
During the entire period of the war he performed an 
incredible amount of work, counseling with the Presi- 
dent, encouraging the people, organizing regiments, 
hurrying troops to the field, negotiating loans, organiz- 
ing sanitary commissions, forwarding stores, performing 
the work of a dozen men, and inspiring all with en- 
thusiasm born of his own earnestness. It were impossi- 
ble in these pages to follow with the pen the events of 
his life, or note all the important official acts and per- 
sonal efforts that are so inwrought with the history of 
the war, and earned for him the title of which he was 
so proud, "the soldier's friend." The history of the 
soldier's relief system, organized and inspired by him, 
and the noble results in response to his call, would fill a 
volume much larger than this. His labors for the re- 
lief of the soldiers and their dependent and needy 
families were held up as matters for emulation by the 
Governors of other states. The result of these efforts, 
seconded by the people, was that during the war over 
six hundred thousand dollars of money and supplies 
were collected and conveyed to Indiana soldiers, in 
camp, in field, in hospital, or in prison. The failure 
of the next Legislature to pass the necessary appropria- 
tion bills to carry I'U the slate government placed the 



[7//i Dist. 

Governor in a trj-ing emergency, to which he proved 
himself equal. Instead of calling a special session of 
the same Legislature, which might end in a like result, 
he organized a Bureau of Finance, and devised a new 
system of stale government, and appealed to the people, 
private bankers, and to various counties, to furnish funds 
to carry on the state government; the response was 
prompt and liberal, many counties making appropria- 
tions of from two to twenty thousand dollars each. 
Private citizens advanced large sums, and one railioad 
company loaned fifteen thousand dollars. Governor 
Morton then went to Washington, and, on his repre- 
sentation of the case, the general government ad- 
vanced him, as a disbursing officer, two hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars. Thus, through his personal en- 
ergy and efforts, funds were raised to carry on the state 
government, keep all state institutions open, and defray 
civil and military expenses There is no similar case 
on record of a Governor of a state raising funds by his 
personal efforts to support and carry on the state gov- 
ernment for nearly two years, without appropriations 
by the Legislature, and without assistance from the 
state officers. But, vast as his labors were during the^ 
war, he still had time to devote to civil affairs and the 
development of the material interests of the state. In 
his messages and other official papers he sought to add 
to her honor, uphold her integrity and credit, and foster 
her best interests, her agricultural and mineral re- 
sources, her extensive system of railways, and her gen- 
eral advantages. He caused to be prepared a very ex- 
haustive document setting forth the attractions of the 
state, entitled, "Indiana as a Home for Emigrants," 
very large editions of which, in English and German, 
were circulated in this country and Europe. Upon his 
recommendation and plans a home for disabled .soldiers 
and a home for soldiers' orphans were successfully 
established. Taking a deep interest in the cause of 
popular education, he aided the foundation of a state 
normal school, an agricultural college, a reform school, 
and other institutes. Thus he administered the do- 
mestic affairs of the state, and gave to Indiana a much 
higher rank in the sisterhood of states than she had 
heretofore attained, and converted the name of Hoosier 
from a term of ridicule to one of credit and honor. On 
the 22d of February, 1864, he was unanimously nomi- 
nated for re-election. In accepting the nomination he 
made one of the ablest speeches of his life, reviewing his 
whole administration as Governor. His opponent for 
the governorship was Hon. Joseph E. McDonald. A 
joint canvass was arranged for, and the opening debate 
took place at Laporte. The crowd in attendance was 
estimated at twenty thousand. Fully realizing the im- 
portance of the interests involved, he rose to the require- 
ment of the occasion. The result was a decided victory 
for Morton, and from that hour his success was pre- 

dicted. After a thorough and exhaustive campaign, he 
was re-elected Governor by a majority of over twenty 
thousand votes. He was now in his forty-second year, 
and in the prime of physical and mental strength. Ex- 
perience had proved him equal to every emergency, and 
success had given him confidence almost irresistible in 
itself. No man felt the death of President Lincoln 
more keenly than Governor Morton, his trusted friend, 
counselor, and co-laborer. He convened the citizens of 
Indianapolis in the state-house square, and, with oth- 
ers, accompanied the President's remains to their final 
resting place. At his request it was decided to have 
them rest for a day at Indianapolis, where many thou- 
sands of citizens and soldiers had the sad pleasure of 
viewing them. During the winter of 1865, Governor 
Morton was, perhaps, the most ubiquitous man in the 
United States: at Washington, in counsel with the 
President; then at the front, surveying the battle-field; 
moving in person through the hospitals; ascertaining the 
wants of sick and wounded; supervising the operations 
of numerous agents; then, at home, directing the san- 
itary movements, appointing and sending extra sur- 
geons to the field ; projecting new plans for relief of 
dependent women and children ; and attending to all 
the details of his official duties, exerting every power of 
mind and body. While the strain lasted no injurious 
effects were visible, but the period was approaching 
when he was to pay the penally for this tremendous 
overwork. During the summer of 1865 he was troubled 
and alarmed by a feeling of physical apathy which 
seemed unaccountable. Perhaps, if jiature's protest and 
warning had at that time been heeded, the impending 
shock might have been averted. One morning he awoke 
with both limbs paralyzed in the lower extremities. 
His paralysis Avas clearly due to overwork and mental 
exertion during the war. After a few months he was 
advised to visit Eurof*, and place himself in the hands 
of the eminent physician of Paris who had cured 
Charles Sumner. It was deemed best to anticipate the 
regular meeting of the Legislature, and that body was 
convened, in extra session, in November. Governor 
Morton's message was able and comprehensive, touch- 
ing on every matter of state policy and making impor- 
tant recommendations. The scene in the Hall of Rep- 
resentatives, on the occasion of his formal leave-taking, 
was impressive and affecting. At this moment parly 
strifes were forgotten. Resolutions complimenting the 
Governor in the highest terms were drawn up by Hon. 
Joseph E. McDonald and Hon. Samuel Buskirk, both 
political opponents, and were adopted by the General 
Assembly without a dissenting voice. The hatchet of 
political warfare was buried, and a heart-felt sorrow per- 
vaded the souls of all present. The wisdom of his 
counsel, the importance of his services, the magnitude of 
his heart were now fully realized ; aud his talents, patriot- 

yth Dist.\ 



ism, and labors were fully appreciated. Four months 
spent in traveling and medical treatment in Europe 
gave him but little relief; yet upon his return he at 
once showed intense interest in public affairs, and 
opened the campaign at Indianapolis, in June, i856. 
He spoke sitting, but powerfully and eloquently; the 
address, in printed form, making a strong campaign 
document. The following Legislature, being largely 
Republican, unanimously elected him to the United 
States Senate, and he was from that date, March 4, 
1867, the recipient of the fullest political confidence of 
the older Republican Senators. Mr. Morton was, on 
the expiration of his term, again chosen to the United 
States .Senate, serving in that body until his death. Upon 
his first entrance he was accorded three important posi- 
tions: chairman of the Committee on Manufactures, 
and member of the Committee on Foreign Relations, 
and on Military Affairs. He filled various other po- 
sitions, and was at all times one of the most active 
members of the body, and during his term of serv- 
ice was prominently identified with a greater num- 
ber of important measures than any other Senator per- 
haps in the entire history of the government. His first 
speech in the Senate, upon the subject of political 
rights or reconstruction in the South, was universally 
conceded to be a masterly production, and it placed 
Senator Morton at once in the foremost rank of de- 
baters in the Senate. Then was accorded him the 
highest admiration of his friends and the respect of his 
enemies. The next day after its delivery General Raw- 
lins read the speech to General Grant, who remarked 
in a decisive tone: "That settles it; that one speech, 
if not another word is said, insures a Republican vic- 
tory next fall." The National Executive Committee 
had published, and distributed as a campaign document, 
no less than two million copies of this memorable ad- 
dress. To no one person is the credit of the adoption 
of the fifteenth amendment so largely due as to Senator 
Morton, and its final ratification was mainly owing to 
Senator Morton's persistence of purpose and boldness 
of action. It stands a perpetual monument to his mem- 
ory. As a member of the Senate Committee on For- 
eign Relations, he was influential in shaping the action 
of the government in regard to the Alabama claims, and 
in bringing about a treaty with Great Britain under 
which they were finally settled. In October, 1870, 
President Grant tendered him the English mission, for 
the express purpose of securing his services in the 
settlement of this difficult and delicate question. No 
higher tribute could have been paid to his ability and 
patriotism. He, however, deemed it best, upon mature 
consideration, to decline the proffered honor, upon 
which he received from the President a letter, saying 
that, while he deemed the course taken by Senator Mor- 
ton a wise one, he regretted that the country could not 

have his valuable services at the English Court at that 
important juncture. This was but one of many marks 
of confidence which he received from President Grant, 
who regarded him as pre-eminently the Republican 
leader of the Senate, and the main pillar of his ad- 
ministration. Senator Morton's speech in favor of abol- 
ishing the electoral college, and electing the President 
and Vice-president by direct vote of the people, seems 
almost a prophecy, considering the fact that it was de- 
livered in 1873 ; and the great crisis of 1876 proved the 
reality of his apprehensions. By his later speeches he 
succeeded in thoroughly arousing the public mind to 
the necessity of a change in this behalf. So that it 
may now be considered merely a question of time. 
Senator Morton's campaign speeches may fairly be 
ranked among his services to the countiy, for his labors 
in this respect were not confined to Indiana, and his 
printed addresses form a rich mine from which for a 
long time Republican speakers may draw their most ef- 
fective arguments. Senator Morton was truly eloquent. 
This gift was born of earnestness, conviction, and the 
necessity of impressing these convictions on others, not 
by graceful gesture, not by rounding a period, nor by 
polishing a phrase, but by swaying and convincing 
men. This is the true power of great speakers. There 
can be no more fitting comparison, no parallel so simi- 
lar in outline and effect to that of the great William 
Pitt (Chatham), who was taken into the House of Com- 
mons on a litter, to lift his voice against the oppression 
of the American colonies, than are the scenes in the ca- 
reer of Senator Morton, disabled, carried in a chair to 
and from the Senate chamber; physical inertia gave rise 
to greater mental activity, and sitting, almost enchained 
to earth, his voice rang out in the Senate chamber, or 
from the public rostrum, thrilling and swaying his 
hearers. His last public appearance in Indiana was on 
Decoration Day, 1876, when he delivered an address at 
Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, in honor of the 
memory of the soldiers buried there, a notable incident. 
In connection with his official duty as a member of 
the Committee on Elections, in 1877 he visited Oregon. 
The investigation lasted eighteen days. During this 
time he worked incessantly, but, in addition to this la- 
bor, he prepared an elaborate political speech to be used 
in Ohio. Leaving Oregon, accompanied by his devoted 
wife and youngest son, he reached San Francisco early 
in August. Toward midnight of the 7th of the same 
month he was again attacked by paralysis, the entire 
left side of his body yielding to its terrible thralldom. 
Notwithstanding his alarming condition, he insisted on 
starting for Indiana, as though he desired to reach home 
to die. At Cheyenne, Wyoming Territory, he was met 
by his devoted friend and brother-in-law. Colonel W. 
R. Holloway; and at Peoria, Illinois, by Doctor W. C. 
Thompson, his long-time physician. Reaching Rich- 



[■/ih Disi. 

mond, Indiana, he remained a few days, and was visited 
here by President Hayes on the 13th of October. The 
meeting was described as simple and affecting. Tlie 
great war Governor and distinguished statesman lay 
upon his bed emaciated and helpless, his once 
massive features pinched with pain, the flashing 
eye grown dim with suffering. The President pressed 
the Senator's extended hand, then, stooping, kissed 
him on the forehead. In this brief interview the 
President expressed, as he said, the sympathy of the 
country, as well as his own. October 15 he arrived at 
Indianapolis. The vital force was giving way, and it 
was apparent that the end was approaching. And yet, 
with wonderful tenacity, his mind clung to the realities 
of life, and grappled with subjects of public interest. 
A few moments before his death, which occurred No- 
vember I, 1S77, he said to Doctor Thompson, who was 
holding his hand, "I am dying; I am worn out." 
These were his last words, and before the vesper hour 
his soul had passed away. The news of his death 
caused profound sensation throughout the country, and 
was considered a national calamity, causing sorrow deep 
and wide-spread. The President issued a special order, 
directing the flags on public buildings to be placed at 
half-mast, and the government departments to be closed, 
on the day of the funeral. He also sent a telegram to 
Colonel Holloway, expressive of his personal bereave- 
ment and sympathy. The Vice-president sent a similar 
message. The Cabinet met, and gave expression to 
their deep sense of the nation's loss. The Senate and 
House of Representatives did likewise, and appointed 
committees to attend the funeral. The city councils of 
Indianapolis and Cincinnati passed memorial resolu- 
tions. Citizens' meetings were held in all the large 
towns of the state, and appropriate action taken by 
military companies and social organizations. The legal 
fraternity held meetings, and determined to attend the 
funeral. Special trains were run on numerous railroads, 
and the solemn procession which passed through the 
Court-house during Sunday and part of Monday had 
seemingly no end. Cabinet oflicers, United States Sen- 
ators, Representatives, and prominent members of the 
judiciary from several states, military officials, citi- 
zens, and soldiers, were in attendance. Thus were his 
remains borne to their last resting-place, followed by 
the largest cortege ever seen in Indiana. The surviving 
family of Senator Morton consists of a wife and three 
sons; and it is meet that the descendants of so distin- 
guished a man receive special mention in these pages. 
John M. Morton, eldest son of Oliver P. Morton, is now 
twenty-eight. He was educated at Earlham College and 
the North-western Christian University. In 1872 he be- 
came connected with the Alaska Commercial Company, 
which has the contract for killing the seals in the Alaska 
islands, remaining there until 1879, when he was ap- 

pointed United States consul to Honolulu. In August, 
1880, he was made surveyor of the port of San Fran- 
cisco. In 1875 lie married the daughter of S. P. Brown, 
Esq., a prominent citizen of Washington, and has two 
children. Walter S. Morton is twenty-one years old, 
and was educated at the Pennsylvania Military Acad- 
emy, at Chester, Pennsylvania, and in 1877 received the 
honors of his class, and delivered the valedictory. He 
adopted the profession of civil engineer, and was em- 
ployed for a year on the Eads Jetties, at the mouth of 
the Mississippi River, but is now engaged with a sur- 
veying party on the Upper Mississippi, with a view of 
carrying out the improvements authorized by Congress. 
Oliver P. Morton, twenty years of age, is now attend- 
ing Yale College, at New Haven, Connecticut, where 
his mother remains with him during the school term. 
Two infant daughters. May and Lulu, died in early 
youth, their remains having been recently removed to 
the burial-place of their father. The wonderful power 
of this great man, and the impress left by his life and 
character, are most appropriately summed up in the 
beautiful and powerful eulogy, written and pronounced 
by Indiana's poet-daughter, Emily Thornton Charles, 
upon Indiana's greatest son, with which tribute we close 
this brief sketch : 

"Bear the great lieio to tlie silent tomb. 
'Life's fitful fever 's eiuled.' Lay him gently down 
To rest eternal The lips whose lightest words 
Were as a signal of command are stilled ; 
The eyes whose fearless glance has thrilled 
The multitude are closed in death; 
The giant mind, which, like a mighty general. 
Did send forth troops of thoughts. 
With action armed, forestalling action, 

Hath ceased to act. 
The modern Hercules, whose massive strength 
Has moved the Western World; 
Whose voice hath swayed its people. 
And whose finger-point has led the way to victory, 

Lies powerless; like grand machine, worn out. 
His mantle fold about him; none else can wear it. 
His sword lay by his side ; there 's none can wield it now. 
Who fought a nation's bailies bravely. 
Shorn of strength, lies at his Maker's feet. 

A chieftain 's dead! 

A ' Cffisar 's fallen !' " 

iLjifEFF, JOHN ENOS, Indianapolis, Secretary of 
vAtj State, was born in Winchester, Indiana, October 
CJjiL 26, 1846. His father was John Neff", of German 
■ 2^9 descent, who came to this state from Ohio. His 
mother's maiden name was Harriet N. Holmes. She was 
of Scotch-Irish ancestry, and a native of Pennsylvania. 
The son was educated at the high school of his native 
town and at the Stale University at Bloomington. Upon 
thoroughly completing his studies he read law in the 
oflice of General Thomas M. Browne, at the end of 

Jth Dtst.\ 



which time he commenced practice at Winchester, meet- 
ing with flattering success for a young man "in his own 
country." During the War of the Rebellion he served 
with the "hundred-day men" in the 134th Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry. In 1872 his Democratic fellow-cit- 
izens brought him into the political arena by a nomina- 
tion for Congress, in opposition to J. P. C. Shanks, the 
Republican candidate. The district was largely Repub- 
lican, General Shanks, the Republican candidate, having 
received a majority of over one thousand at the previous 
election. The canvass was a warmly contested one. Mr. 
Neff took the stump, and soon developed an extraordinary 
talent as a speaker, acquiring a reputation for eloquence 
in his addresses that gave him a wide reputation through- 
out the state and beyond. The vote at the election 
was so close that both parties claimed the majority, Mr. 
Nefif's friends declaring him clearly elected ; but, after 
a contest in the House of Representatives, then largely 
Republican, Mr. Shanks held the seat. Recognizing 
Mr. Neff's fitness for the responsible station, the Demo- 
crats nominated and elected him to the office of Secre- 
tary of State in 1874, re-elected him in 1876, and he is 
holding the office at the date of this writing. In the 
first canvass the Republicans pitted against him their 
champion debater, Mr. Curry. They met in joint dis- 
cussion, the popular verdict resulting in the triumphant 
success of Mr. Neff". At both elections Mr. Neff led his 
ticket, receiving in 1876 a larger majority than Governor 
Williams. This gentleman is by the gift of nature a 
popular man as well as politician. With a native ease 
of address and courteous affability, his personal magnet- 
ism invariably attracts those who approach bim. Al- 
though of medium stature, a shrewd stranger would at 
once pick him out in a crowd as a man of mark. Mr. 
Neff is unmarried, having evidently given the younger 
days of his manhood to the state, rather than to the 
cares of the family relation. There can be no question 
a still greater future lies before him. Having been 
tried in public trusts, and proved able and true, his fel- 
low-citizens will unquestionably call for more of his 
services in an official capacity. And it is but just to re- 
cord that many of his warmest friends are among those 
who are ardent political opponents. 

fEW, WILLIAM, merchant, of Greenfield, Han- 
cock County, Indiana, was born in Union County, 
Indiana, October 3, 1821. His ancestors, who 
were of English origin, settled in North Carolina, 
emigrating subsequently to Union County, Indiana, 
then a dense wilderness, Mr. New is the son of Daniel 
and Elizabeth New, who were among the earliest 
pioneers of the state. During the War of 1812 his 
father was for a time engaged in guarding the frontier 

under General Harrison. In 1832 Mr. New, when 
quite a boy, removed with his father to Hancock 
County, where he has since resided. His early educa- 
tion consisted of merely the rudiments of an English 
education, such as could be acquired at a district 
school. He remained with his father mitil he was 
twenty-three years of age, when he was married to Miss 
Margaret Sample, daughter of Mr. James Sample. Soon 
after this event he located on a tract of land in Blue 
River Township, laboring on a neighboring farm, at 
thirty-seven cents a day, in order to pay for it. He 
was successful from the first, and soon became possessor 
of a large landed property. He dealt largely in cattle, 
fitting them for market from the resources of his own 
farms. In 1S75 he abandoned his farms, and, removing 
to Greenfield, engaged in mercantile pursuits. He is 
now also engaged in the purchase and shipment of 
grain, and is one of the two proprietors of the Green- 
field Flouring Mills, and grain elevators. He has given 
but little attention to politics, but has served as county 
commissioner for nine years. He is now fifty-eight 
years old, and is as vigorous as when a young man; 
still energetic in all his business aff'airs, and fully in- 
formed as to the smallest details connected with them. 
He is a member of the Masonic Order, is prompt in all 
his dealings, and charitable in cases of distress. Mr. 
New is pre-eminently a self-made man. 

'EWCOMB, HORATIO C, lawyer, Indianapolis, 
was born at Wellsborough, Tioga County, Penn- 
sylvania, December 20, 1821, and removed to 
Vernon, Indiana, in June, 1833, coming from 
Cortland County, New York. He had no educational 
facilities beyond the common schools. In 1836 he be- 
came an apprentice to the trade of saddle and harness 
making, but after working at it two years and a half 
he was compelled by ill-health to abandon the shop for 
the time, when other circumstances turned his thoughts 
in a different direction, and in 1841 he commenced 
the study of law, under the instruction of his uncle, the 
Hon. W. A. Bullock, in Vernon, Jennings County. In 
January, 1844, Mr. Newcomb was admitted lo the bar 
after examination by two circuit judges. He practiced 
law in Vernon until December, 1846, when he returned 
to Indianapolis, and became a partner with Ovid But- 
ler, a leading lawyer at the bar of the capital. In 
1849 he was elected mayor of Indianapolis, and re- 
elected in 1851, resigning after the lapse of six months, 
in order to devote his exclusive attention to the duties 
of his profession. In 1854 he was elected Representa- 
tive to the General Assembly, and in i860 was chosen 
to the Senate, resigning in 1861 to accept the appoint- 
ment, by Governor Morton, of president of the Board 



[ yth Disi. 

of Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, which office he 
.held until 1863. In June, 1864, Mr. Newcomb became 
the political editor of the Indianapolis daily Journal, 
and continued to act in that capacity until December, 
1868. During that period he was twice elected Repre- 
sentative to the General Assembly. At the regular and 
special sessions of 1865 he was chairman of the Com- 
mittee on the Judiciary, and at the session of 1867 was 
chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means. Dur- 
ing these sessions the thirteenth and fourteenth amend- 
ments to the Constitution of the United States were 
ratified by the Legislature of Indiana, and both 
of those great measures had Mr. Newcomb's hearty 
support. After retiring from tlie Joumn/, Mr. New- 
comb resumed- the practice of the law, and pursued 
it successfully until the organization of the Superior 
Court of Marion County, of which court he was ap- 
pointed, by Governor Baker, one of the three judges, on 
March I, 1871, his associate judges being S. Blair and 
F. Rand. The term having terminated in October, 
1874, his name was placed upon the tickets of both the 
Republican and Democratic parties, and he was elected 
for the full term of four years. A few days after re- 
ceiving his appointment, Mr. Newcomb was nominated 
by President Grant, and confirmed by the Senate, as 
Assistant Secretary of the Interior, but, on mature re- 
flection, he declined the appointment, preferring the 
quiet but dignified position of judge of the most im- 
portant nisi prills court of his own state to the hurly- 
burly of political life at Washington. In 1S76 Judge 
Newcomb was nominated as one of the Republican can- 
didates for the Supreme Bench. In common with the 
other candidates of his party, he was defeated, but by 
a majority considerably less than that given against his 
associates on the Republican state ticket. Since 1847 
Judge Newcomb has been a member of the Presbyte- 
rian Church ; was one of the original members of the 
Third Church of this city, which was organized in 1851, 
and has been one of the ruling elders from the date of 
its organization. As a lawyer. Judge Newcomb stands 
high, and as a judge pre-eminently so, few appeals 
having been taken from his decisions. Judge Newcomb 
is. a man above medium height, light hair, worn short, 
gray eyes, not corpulent in form, although having been 
both mayor and alderman. Mis physical appearance sug- 
gests unusual power of endurance, and his life evidences 
it. His features arc more than usually regular, and he 
has always enjoyed the reputation of being a handsome 
man, the reasons for which have not been noticeably 
impaired as years advance. The Judge is eminently of 
a social turn among his friends, and very approachable 
to strangers; a good talker, in which an abundant fund 
of humor and pleasant sarcasm is happily used, relating 
a good story with inimitable grace. He is of cool 
temper, and formidable in intellectual controversy. As 

a political leader, he has been prudent and successful, 
his keen perception of the right and the politic enabling 
him to direct public sentiment in the true channel. 
His high political, professional, and private character 
has given him a weight of influence that has told to the 
benefit of the community. When called to the duties 
of office in the city and state, he has discharged the 
trusts faithfully, to the detriment of his professional busi- 
ness, and possesses the entire confidence of his fellow- 
men, as a gentleman of unblemished integrity, worth, 
culture, and eminent ability. 

fIBLACK, WILLIAM ELLIS, of Vincennes, Judge 
of the Supreme Court, was born in Dubois County, 
Indiana, May 22, 1822. His father was a native 
of Fayette County, Kentucky, and his mother of 
Sussex County, Virginia. The former came to Indiana 
in 1817, and the latter with her parents in 1820. They 
were married near Petersburg, Pike County, Indiana, in 
the summer of 1821. . The early life of William Ellis 
Niblack was spent on a farm, attending school in a log 
school-house, sometimes at a distance of two miles 
away, during the winter months. At the age of six- 
teen he was sent to the Indiana State University, at 
Bloomington, at which he spent several sessions at in- 
tervals; but, owing to the death of his father, which 
occurred in the mean time, he was pecuniarily unable 
to graduate. The next three years after leaving college 
were partly occupied in the field in surveying, and partly 
in the study of the law. In the spring of 1845 he began 
practice at the old town of Mount Pleasant, then the 
county seat of Martin County. He entered political 
life by being elected in 1849 a member of the Legisla- 
ture from Martin County, and the following year (1850) 
he was elected to the state Senate for the term of three 
years (as it was then), from the counties of Daviess and 
Martin, to which district Knox County was added dur- 
ing the term. By the operation of the new Constitu- 
tion, which was adopted in the mean time, his term was 
made to expire in October, 1852. A renominalion was 
tendered him, which, on account of his private affairs, 
he had to decline. Without being an applicant for 
the position, he was appointed, by Governor Wright, 
Circuit Judge for the judicial district then comprising 
eleven of the south-western counties of the state, in Jan- 
uary, 1854, and was elected to the same office the fol- 
lowing October for the full term of six years. In 1855 
he removed to Vincennes, where he has continued to re- 
side to this date. Judge Niblack was elected in Octo- 
ber, 1S57, member of Congress, to take the place of 
Hon. James Lockhart, who had been chosen the year 
previous but had died early in September, 1857, be- 
fore taking his seat. In 1S5S he was re-elected; 

7M Dist.'[ 



so that he served at that time from 1857 to 1861, 
embracing what is known as the Thirly-fifth and 
Thirty-sixth Congresses. For the session of 1863 he 
served as Representative in the Indiana Legislature 
from Knox County. In 1864 he was again elected to 
Congress, taking his seat in 1865 and retaining it con- 
tinuously until March 4, 1S75, during tlie Thirty-ninth, 
Fortieth, Forty-first, Forty-second, and Forty-third Con- 
gresses. During the Thirty-ninth Congress he was on 
the Committee on Appropriations ; the Fortieth, on that 
of Ways and Means; the Forty-second, again on Ap- 
propriations ; and the Forty-third, again on Ways and 
Means. These are the two leading committees of the 
House. In 1864 Judge Niblack was a delegate from 
the state at laige to the Democratic National Conven- 
tion, held at Chicago; was again in the same position 
at the Democratic National Convention at New York in 
1868; and from 1864 to 1872 was a member from Indi- 
ana of the Democratic national committee. In 1S76 he 
was elected a Judge of the Supreme Court of Indiana 
for six years, his term commencing January i, 1877. 
Judge Niblack was, on his father's side, of Scotch de- 
scent, and of English on his mother's side. Although 
descended from an old Whig and Federal family, he 
has, during his entire political life, acted with the 
Democratic party, and is a strict constructionist in all 
his theories of government. In physique Judge Niblack 
is a fine specimen of a man ; above medium stature, 
rounded muscular development, erect in mien, dignified 
as well as courteous in manner, frank and open in pres- 
ence ; the "just and upright judge," the true man and 
earnest citizen, he wears the ermine with the grace that 
becomes the many exalted positions he has filled, and 
the high estimation he has continued to hold in the 
minds of those who have known him so long and so 
well, and whose confidence he has never for a moment 
betrayed. On his private business and political life there 
rests not a stain. Of such a rare character in a public 
man who has served them so long and so well the 
people of the state may well be proud. 

fORDYKE, ELLIS, late of Richmond, Indiana, 
was born in Clinton County, Ohio, July 7, 1807. 
His ancestors on his father's side were Hollanders. 
His grandfather, Stephen H. Nordyke, came to 
this country from Holland before the Revolution, and 
was a mill-wright of some note in those days. On the 
mother's side he was of Welsh descent, the family 
name being Ellis, from which Mr. Nordyke derived his 
Christian name. His father and grandfather moved 
from Tennessee to Ohio in the fall of 1806, and with 
their families settled on three hundred acres of land, 
purchased from Abraham Bufort, of Kentucky, on 

what is called the head-waters of the east fork of the 
Little Miami, then a howling wilderness. Bears, 
wolves, and deer roved freely over the forest, for the 
ax of civilization had not yet hewed down their 
shelter. Neighbors were like angels' visits — "few and 
far between." His father built a log shanty, in which 
the family spent the winter, and in the summer of 1807 
replaced it wilh a substantial hewed log-house, with 
clapboard roof, in which Ellis was born. During the 
earlier years of his life, Mr. Nordyke had no advan- 
tages in the way of schooling. When a boy he used to 
accompany his father and older brothers to what was 
called a horse-mill, where they ground their grist. 
The primitive mill, scarcely a whit superior to the 
ancient practice of grinding or crushing by hand, was 
an object of much interest to young Nordyke, who took 
a special delight in watching the rude machinery, and 
gazing at the cog-wheels slowly doing their work. The 
customers of the mill had each to wait their turn, carry 
their grain into the mill, and after grinding convey it 
up a ladder and pour it into a little hopper over the 
bolt, which was turned by hand. The principal busi- 
ness of the miller seemed to be to stand by the grain 
hopper, occasionally dipping in the toll dish, and seeing 
that the customers' teams came up in order. 
As the country developed, and the demand for grinding 
power increased, Mr. Nordyke's father built a mill for 
sawing lumber and grinding grain. It was what is 
known as an ox-mill, and it fell lo the lot of Ellis to 
repair and keep it in order for many years, until 
"Steam, steam, whose ponderous beam 
Is stronger than Hercules," 

succeeded the weaker powers of bone and sinew, ren- 
dering the ox-mill useless. During these years of super- 
vision, Ellis busied himself with the mysteries of mill- 
wrighting. He also obtained the rudiments of an 
education by means of the country school, which was 
in session during the winter months. In 1830 Mr. Nor- 
dyke came to Indiana, and, finding at Richmond water- 
power in abundance, and enterprise and activity among 
its citizens, he determined to settle there. He hired 
himself as a journeyman mill-wright to Nathan Hollings- 
worth and Abel Thornberry, for eight dollars a month, 
but in a short time was promoted, and took charge of 
the building of a saw-mill near Economy, and subse- 
quently superintended the building of others, both 
flouring and saw mills, in different parts of Wayne 
County. On January 24, 1837, Mr. Nordyke married 
Miss Catharine Hanes, of Sunsbury, Ohio. In April 
following, with his wife, he removed to Richmond, and 
commenced mill-wrighting in general on his own ac- 
count. In the years immediately succeeding he made a 
number of changes in business. At one time he pur- 
chased an interest in the old Richmond foundry, but at 
the end of two years withdrew, with a loss of four 

1 62 


[ ^th Dist. 

thousand dollars, resuming his former occupation. In 
1S57 he was principal owner of a patent on the wire- 
cloth flour bolt, which went into the hands of a large 
company, each member of which expected to realize a 
large fortune; but the bright promises failed of fruition, 
and he returned to mill-wrighting to recover his losses. 
Having gained much experience and knowledge in re- 
gard to mills and mill machinery, Mr. Nordyke deter- 
mined to make a radical change therein, and, with his 
son Addison, began the business of manufacturing mill- 
stones, portable mills, flour bolts, smut machines, etc.; 
and, their venture proving successful, they took into 
partnership with them, in 1866, Mr. D. W. Marmon, 
forming the firm of Nordyke, Marmon & Co., and 
enlarged their business operations. The firm transacted 
a constantly increasing business at Richmond, and it 
was not until after the death of Mr. Nordyke that they 
found it more profitable to move to Indianapolis, the 
present location of the Nordyke & Marmon Company. 
Mr. Nordyke continued in active business up to the 
time of his death, which occurred on the 23d of April, 
1S71. He possessed a knowledge of mill-wrighting 
second to none in the country, and had inventive 
genius of a very high order. While it can not be said 
of him that in business he was uniformly prosperous, it 
is a noticeable fact that his reverses were always occa- 
sioned by a desertion of his regular occupation, in 
which he was always successful. He was a man who 
won the esteem of all who became acquainted with 
him, and he has left behind him an unblemished repu- 
tation, as a business man of honor and integrity. His 
wife survives him, and is still a resident of Richmond. 
Although in early life Mr. Nordyke had but limited 
facilities for acquiring an education, he eagerly em- 
braced every opportunity for study, and in early man- 
hood taught school in Ohio. His own persevering 
efforts and his thirst for knowledge enabled him to ad- 
vance rapidly, and in after life it was very rare, outside 
of the professions, to find a man better informed on gen- 
eral subjects than Mr. Nordyke. He took pains to sur- 
round himself with good books, and to give his children 
all the advantages to be derived from the best reading. 
He was, in every sense of the word, a good man. His 
faitli in the Christian religion, the principles of which 
were his guide through life, never faltered, and he died 
the death of the righteous. He was a close student of 
nature. He saw "books in running brooks, sermons in 
stones, and good in every thing." He acquired consid- 
erable reputation as a collector of geological specimens, 
and had one of the most valuable private cabinets in 
the state, his collection embracing some of the rarest 
specimens found in that part of the state. To the brief 
record of a worthy and valuable life, a word of eulogy 
would be superfluous. To all generations he left the 
example of a pure, noble, and consistent Christian life. 

WORDYKE, ADDISON HAYNES, of Indianapolis, 
3M formerly of Richmond, president of the Nordyke 
^V & Marmon Company, was born in Richmond, In- 
Cyl diana. May 25, 1838. He is the son of Ellis and 
Catharine (Haynes) Nordyke. His father's history in 
brief will be found in the preceding sketch. Mr. 
Nordyke's early education was obtained in the common 
schools of Richmond,' and subsequently at the high 
school in that city. He was literally born in the busi- 
ness of mill-wright and machinist, and while still attend- 
ing school assisted his father in his business. From 
this early training, as well as the natural bent of his 
disposition, he soon acquired a thorough knowledge of 
the occupation, and became a valuable assistant and co- 
worker with his father. When about twenty-three years 
of age his father put up a flouring-mill at Chenoa, Illi- 
nois, and gave Addison charge of it. He operated the 
mill about a year and a half and then sold out, return- 
ing to Richmond and entering into partnership with 
his father. From that time until his father's death he 
was equally interested with him in that business, and 
some of the first and largest mills in Eastern Indiana 
were put up and furnished by the firm. Their flouring- 
mills and machinery were erected in all the principal 
states in the Union, particularly in the West. In 
1866 Mr. D. W. Marmon was admitted to the firm, 
which became Nordyke, Marmon & Co., and continued 
under that style until a few months before the elder 
Mr. Nordyke's death, when a stock company was 
formed, under the name of Nordyke & Marmon Com- 
pany, Mr. Nordyke being elected president of the cor- 
poration. The business had been gradually growing at 
Richmond, until their facilities for m.anufacturing there 
had become too limited for their trade, and it was de- 
cided to change the location to Indianapolis. In 1876 
they made arrangements for the purchase of the real 
estate on which their extensive works now stand, and in 
the fall of that year removed to the capital city, con- 
tinuing their works at Richmond for some time after 
commencing operations here. Since locating at Indian- 
apolis the growth of the business has been constant and 
rapid, until now the annual sales amount to half a mill- 
ion of dollars. Mr. Nordyke has general oversight of 
the construction and management of the works, which 
cover about eleven acres. The buildings have a front- 
age of about one thousand feet, and the comjinny em- 
ploy about two hundred and fifty hands in their busi- 
ness. The rapid growth can be judged of from the 
fact that in 1870 only thirty hands were needed. The 
Nordyke & Marmon Company stand in the front rank 
of Indianapolis manufacturing industries, and more 
freight is shipped from their works than from any other 
establishment in that city. They manufacture mill ma- 
chinery of every conceivable description, and the work 
of the firm is shipped not only to every part of the 

■jth Dist.\ 




United States, but also to foreign countries. Shipments 
have been made to Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and 
other European countries, while several complete flour- 
ing-mills have been sent to Mexico and California. 
Mr. Nordyke has invented a patented improvement on 
portable mills, which has been long and favorably 
known, has maintained the highest reputation, and is 
now in extensive use. On May 24, 1S66, he married 
Miss Jennie Price, a native of Baltimore, Maryland, 
then residing at Richmond. Their family consists of 
two bright boys — Charlie, aged thirteen, and Walter, 
ten. Mr. Nordyke is a member of the Methodist 
Church, and a Republican in politics. His most promi- 
nent characteristics are a remarkable evenness of dis- 
position, geniality and sociability of manner, which 
make him exceedingly popular with his employes, and 
esteemed and respected by all his acquaintances. lie 
is a careful, methodical, and energetic man of business, 
and his integrity of character is beyond all question. 

'DONAGHUE, D., the young divine who is the 
subject of this sketch, was born in Daviess County, 
near Washington, Indiana, on the 30th of Novem- 
ber, 1848. His parents were natives of the south 
of Ireland, but came to America in early life, and were 
among the first settlers of Indiana. His father, James 
O'Donaghue, was the owner of a large farm in Daviess 
County, where he was well known and universally re- 
spected, as a gentleman of a high order of character. 
He died in 1S71, at the age of seventy years. Agricul- 
tural pursuits had no attractions, however, for the son 
of this pioneer settler. He manifested an early prefer- 
ence for books over farming implements, and would 
rather be in the recitation room than in the field. He 
was the youngest of eight children, and was sent to the 
])arish school attached to St, Peter's Church until his 
sixteenth year, when he entered St. Meinrad's College, 
in Spencer County. The school above alluded to was 
under the direction of Professor Byrne, a man of emi- 
nent learning, and very successful as a teacher. His 
influence had much to do in shaping the destiny of his 
pupil, who might otherwise never have turned his atten- 
tion to the ministry. Three years were spent in St. 
Meinrad's College, his time being mainly devoted to the 
study of languages, acquiring a thorough knowledge of 
Latin, French, German, and Greek. In his nineteenth 
year the young man entered St. Joseph's College, 
Bardstown, Kentucky. He remained there three years, 
after which he was obliged to suspend his studies on 
account of ill-health. The course of study to be gone 
through by a student preparing to enter the ministry 
of the Catholic Church is long and severe, requiring 
ordinarily a period of ten years, and, if the lalents of 

the applicant are not of a high order, the usual studies 
can not even be completed in that time. The training 
which this Church gives her ministers makes them an 
exceedingly learned and widely informed body of men, 
zealous for the welfare of their organization, and ready 
at any moment to defend the doctrines tliey profess. 
Having recovered his health, the subject of this sketch 
entered the Sulpician Seminary, in Montreal, Canada, 
one of the finest institutions of its kind in America. 
Here his ecclesiastical studies were completed, and he 
was promoted to the priesthood in St. John's Cathedral, 
Indianapolis, on the 6th of September, 1874. There 
were seven other clergymen ordained on the same occa- 
sion. The ceremony was performed by the late Bishop 
of Vincennes, Right Rev. M. de St. Palais. Immedi- 
ately after his ordination the Rev. D. O'Donaghue was 
placed in the position of assistant pastor of St. John's 
Cathedral, a position which he still holds. When Bishop 
Chatard assumed charge of this diocese he named the 
young priest O'Donaghue as his secretary. Father 
O'Donaghue is a natural orator. The secret of his elo- 
quence lies in his earnestness, and his desire to impress 
his convictions upon the minds of others. His address 
on "Mastai Ferretti; the Life and Works of Pope Pio 
Nono," was pronounced an extraordinary piece of ora- 
torical work. " He spoke rapidly and with enviable ease 
and elegance of diction, pleasing even those of his hear- 
ers who did not hope to be pleased." In all portions 
of the state he has lectured on "Temperance," "Re- 
ligion and Patriotism," "Astronomy," "Spiritualism," 
"Indian Curiosities," " Ingersollism," "Objections to 
Catholicism," and other subjects, and has entertained 
and instructed large audiences by his persuasive and 
logical arguments. The brightest minds are often en- 
cased in frail caskets, and Father O'Donaghue proves 
no exception to this rule. He was attacked with hem- 
orrhage of the lungs, and after months of suffering was 
ordered to the south of France as a means to his recov- 
ery. Here he is at this writing sojourning, while his 
many friends throughout the state are praying for his 
ultimate restoration to perfect health. 

Jp|FFUTT, CHARLES G., attorney and counselor 
'irM at law, of Greenfield, Hancock County, Indiana, 
'?J^ was born in Georgetown, Kentucky, October 4, 
cS" 1845. ^^'^ 's a son of Lloyd and Elizabeth Offutt; 
the former from Maryland, the latter from Kentucky. 
His early education was confined to the common schools 
of Indiana, whither his father had removed when the 
lad was but an infant. At the age of seventeen he en- 
tered the dry-goods store of Samuel Heavenridge, in 
Greenfield, where he remained for about two years. 
He then taught district school one term in Hancock 



[ylh Disi. 

County, after which he returned to the employ of 
Tausey & Byram, merchants of Indianapolis, remaining 
with them two years. At this time Mr. OfTutt, becom- 
ing fully determined to follow the legal profession, re- 
turned to Greenlield and began reading law with Hon. 
James L. Mason. He was a faithful and methodical 
student for three years. He then formed a partnership 
for the practice of law with Judge Joseph L. Buckles, 
continuing that relation until the autumn of 1S73, when 
the firm was dissolved by mutual consent. He con- 
tinued the practice alone until 1S76, at which date the 
present law firm of Offutt & Martin was established, of 
which Mr. Offutt is senior member. In 1872 he was 
elected Representative to the state Legislature from 
Hancock County, and, although one of the youngest 
members of that body, showed remarkable familiarity 
with the principles of civil government and parliamentary 
law. In 1876 he was elected Democratic elector for the 
Sixth Congressional District of Indiana. In his profes- 
sional career Mr. Offutt has exhibited rare proficiency, 
having risen rapidly to distinction, and enjoying the 
most lucrative law practice, perhaps, of any attorney in 
the county. In matters of business, also, he is scrupu- 
lously honest, never beguiling a client into doubtful 
litigation for the sake of the fees. Mr. Offutt is a 
gentleman of commanding appearance and pleasing 

— »"»»-« — 

mLCOTT, JOHN M., A. M., Indianapolis, Marion 
llltJ County, was born in Dearborn County, Indiana, 
'jS July 18, 1833. He is the son of the Rev. William 
as and Mary (King) Olcott. His father, from Water- 
bury, Connecticut, was a minister and teacher at Water- 
bury, and for a longer time at Alexandria, District of 
Columbia. As early as 1S17 he settled in Dearborn 
County, being one of the first settlers, the country at 
that time being a wilderness. His mother was from 
Poughkeepsic, New York. The son received part of his 
early education in the district school, but chiefly at 
home, under the immediate care and instruction of his 
father, who was a very able scholar; and to that early 
paternal instruction he owes much of his after success 
in life. At the age of seventeen he became a teacher 
in the same school ; and the year following he entered 
the Indiana Asbury University, at Greencastle, from 
which institution he graduated with full honors in 1856. 
Immediately after graduating he was appointed super- 
intendent of the public schools at Lawrenceburg, which 
up to that time had never been organized under what 
is known as the graded school system. There were 
llicn but very few graded schools in the state. To 
organi/.c a new .system of schools in each city and town 
at that period re(|uired the most arduous labor. This 
important scliool work, in organizing city graded schools, 

was repeated by Mr. Olcott at Columbus in i860. In 
1863 he was elected superintendent of the city schools 
of Terre Haute, holding the position for six years; and 
there organized a system of schools which have since 
obtained more than a state reputation. AVhile at Terre 
Haute, Mr. Olcott conceived the idea of establishing the 
state normal school at that place, which he was emi- 
nently successful in doing. A law had passed the Leg- 
islature for establishing a state normal school in that 
city which made the largest donation for building pur- 
poses, provided the amount was not less than fifty 
thousand dollars. At that time to raise sucli an amount 
for such a purpose was no small task; but, nothing 
daunted, by herculean exertions Mr. Olcott was instru- 
mental in raising the sum, by his indefatigable efforts; 
and it so happened there was no competition. No- 
where else was there raised any considerable amount 
for that purpose. Accordingly, the school was located 
at Terre Haute, being to-day a monument to the energy 
and perseverance of the man who was eminently its pro- 
moter and founder. It has since been imitated on a 
smaller scale in many other towns throughout the state, 
but it is the only normal school supported by the state, and 
it stands the peer of all. It conferred inestimable bene- 
fits on thousands, and has exerted a wide influence. It has 
been, and still is, an institution successful in the highest 
degree. He was immediately appointed a member of 
the board of trustees of the stale normal school, and 
elected secretary and chairman of the building commit- 
tee, a position he held for four years, during the entire 
construction of the building, the whole cost of which 
was one hundred and seventy-nine tliousand dollars. 
He was instrumental in secuiing from the state Legisla- 
ture two appropriations for the purpose, one of fifty 
thousand dollars and one of seventy-nine thousand dol- 
lars. On the completion of tlie buildings and opening 
of the institution, he was elected professor of mathe- 
matics, a position he resigned one year after, to accept 
the general agency for the North-west of Harper & 
Brothers, publishers, of New York. An early acquaint- 
ance with school teaching, from the foundation up, 
enabled him lo do efficient institute work. He has prob- 
ably done more labor at teachers' institutes than any 
other man in Indiana, having held those meetings (one 
or more) in every counly in the state excepting two. 
He has written much for school journals, and on the 
history of school legislation for the state of Indiana. 
He has contributed largely to newspapers, and various 
teachers' magazines, on the subject of education; and 
has also delivered many public lectures on the same 
subject. As an educational man, he is one of the fore- 
most in the state, and one of the best informed. He 
is a man of fine education and -keen intelligence, an 
able speaker, a hard worker, and a splendid organizer. 
He is a man whose heart is in liis work, giving to it 

jlh Disl.] 



his best energies; and he is withal a most genial, ac- 
complished, and polished gentleman, with an air of 
dignity and reserve that commands the respect of all. 
lie was county superintendent of Vigo County from 1863 
to i865. In politics he is an ardent Republican. In 
religion he is a Methodist, having been a member from 
the age of fifteen. He is president of the board of stew- 
ards of Roberls Park Church, and has been Sabbath- 
school superintendent for many years. He is a Knight 
Templar of Raper Commandery. He was married, Jan- 
uary 19, i860, to Merrium Brown, a most estimable lady, 
daughter of William Brown, a large manufacturer, of 
Lawrenceburg. They have five children, two boys and 
three girls. The two eldest have graduated at the In- 
dianapolis high school, and the others are still receiving 
their education. Mr. Olcott is now engaged, at Indian- 
apolis, in the publication of school and miscellaneous 
books, and is also doing a general wholesale business in 
the sale of subscription works. Such is the record of 
one of our representative and successful men. 

djisT was born in Paoli, Orange County, Indiana, on 
CT^ the I2th of April, 1820. His grand-paients were 
'CQ of English descent, and came to Virginia at an 
early day in our country's history. His father was born 
in the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, in 1790; and his 
mother, whose maiden name was Margaret Ann True- 
blood, was born in 1797, at Elizabeth City, North Car- 
olina, and was reared a Quakeress. They were married 
in 1813. Doctor Pearson, whose father died when he 
was but seven years old, attended school regularly from 
early childhood until, at fourteen, he was thrown wholly 
upon his own resources for his maintenance and educa- 
tion, and therefore had to abandon school. He pursued 
his books, however, until he attained the age of eight- 
een, when he decided to adopt the medical profession 
as his future calling; and with high aspirations he be- 
gan the study of the healing art, with an application 
and energy that have since secured him a high standing. 
Unlike many students, who abandon their reading when 
they receive their diplomas, he felt upon his graduation 
that he was just prepared to grapple with the wide 
range of medical and surgical literature ; and his love 
for these researches all his life has always been an 
incentive to pursue their study and investigation with 
an assiduity that has richly rewarded him. He com- 
menced his study of medicine with Doctor U. E. Ewing, 
of Louisville, Kentucky ; attended his first course of lec- 
tures at the Transylvania University, of Lexington, 
Kentucky, and subsequently (1851) graduated in the 
Medical Department of Asbury University, Indiana. 
In 1S59 he took the ad iuiidcm degree at the College 

of Physicians and Surgeons of Cincinnati ; in 1S7S he 
received the regular diploma, with that of post-grad- 
uate, in the Medical College of the University of New 
York City — an achievement not often attained even by 
educated physicians of long practice and study, so high 
is the standard of qualification of that institution. Sev- 
eral years often pass without a single post-graduate di- 
ploma being issued. In 1859, the Cincinnati College of 
Physicians and Surgeons tendered him the professorship 
of obstetric medicine and diseases of women and chil- 
dren. At the same time they offered him the chair of 
eye surgery, and, subsequently, without his knowledge, 
named him in the regular annual catalogue as the ad- 
junct professor of surgery. In 1854 he was the organ- 
izer (and afterwards the president) of the Orange 
County (Indiana) Medical Society, and was a charter 
member of the Marion County Medical Society, but 
withdrew from it on account of differences of opinion 
as to its proper management. He has made nervous 
diseases and epilepsy a specialty, and so wonderful has 
been his success in their treatment that he has acquired 
a national reputation. Patients from all sections of the 
Union have come to place themselves under his care, 
and he has always been successful in mitigating their 
sufferings. When the 49th Regiment of Infantry was 
organized, his ardor, heroic motives, and love of 
country, prompted the Doctor to accept a commis- 
sion from Governor Morton as army surgeon. On 
his arrival at Camp Joe Holt, he found two hundred 
men in the most deplorable condition, suffering from 
the effects of measles, without hospital accommodations. 
He at once secured two large and well-ventilated halls, 
fitted them up, moved his men into them, and made 
tliem comfortable, and they soon began to improve. 
The regiment was ordered to Bardstown, Kentucky, 
where a portion of General Buell's army was encamping. 
When he reached this place he was appointed on the 
staff of General T. J. Wood, as medical director of the 
post. After organizing a hospital at that point he was 
taken ill with pneumonia, and, after becoming suffi- 
ciently convalescent to travel by easy stages, he returned 
home. During his absence the 49th was ordered to 
Cumberland Gap, and when he learned this, though 
debilitated and weak, he proceeded to join it. He pro- 
ceeded as far as Bardstown, and was there advised by 
the commander of the post to go no further, as he 
might be taken by guerrillas, but to return to Louis- 
ville, and go by way of Lexington, there joining the 
army train at Danville for Cumberland Gap, Kentucky. 
When he reached that city he was prostrated, and 
again his attending physician advised him not to go 
further, as his life would probably be sacrificed if he 
did. Acting upon this advice, he tendered his resigna- 
tion, after recommending a surgeon to take his place, 
and it was finally accepted. This wa.s in P'ebruary, 

1 66 


[ 7th Dist. 

1S62. After his recovery, he established the first hos- 
pital at Madison, Indiana, and in August, 1862, he 
was commissioned as surgeon of the 82d Indiana 
Regiment. In September following he was made 
medical director of the First Division of the Third 
Army Corps of the Army of the Ohio, and remained 
with it until appointed medical director of the post at 
Bowling Green, Kentucky. On his arrival there he 
found three thousand men lying upon the floor, with no 
hospital accommodations ; and, in order to relieve them 
as soon as possible, he and his assistants, aided by eight 
office clerks, worked from eighteen to twenty hours out 
of every twenty-four, for several weeks, in erecting 
hospitals, ministering to the sick and wounded, and in 
attending to other multifarious and arduous duties of 
the post, until the soldiers were made comfortable. 
This herculean task told fearfully upon the Doctor's 
health, and fastened rheumatism upon him for life. In 
February, 1863, he was ordered to his regiment, at Tri- 
une, Tennessee, and remained there until the ensuing 
May, when his ill-health forced him to resign his com- 
mission and return home. When sufficiently restored 
to health, he decided to make Indianapolis his home, 
and removed to that city in May, 1864. On the 30th 
of November, 1843, Doctor Pearson married a Miss 
Elizabeth Royer, a beautiful and accomplished young 
lady, and a daughter of the late Hon. John Royer, of 
Johnstown, Pennsylvania. She was educated in Alle- 
ghany City, at the Rev. Dr. Lacy's English and Clas- 
sical Institute for Young Ladies. She was born on the 
5th of April, 1815, and died on the 22d of July, i860. 
Possessing a sweet, amiable disposition, she was all that 
a religious, affeciionate wife and mother could be. Five 
children blessed the union, of whom only two are 
living: Charles D., who was born on the 15th of De- 
cember, 1851, and who is destined to be one of the 
leading business men in the state if he lives ; and Mary 
Genevie, who was born on the 29th of March, 1859, a 
beautiful and accomplished young lady, bearing a close 
resemblance to her gifted mother. She was a woman 
of fervid temperament, perfectly devoled to the welfare 
of her husband and children ; and her beneficent career, 
her religion, in action as well as precept, now ennoble 
her memory. The sovereign and the woman — majesty 
and mildness — have seldom been more harmoniously 
blended than in this remarkable lady. Her refinement, 
her education and culture, her dignified yet lovable 
character, her great conversational powers, and her 
Christian graces, charmed and fascinated all who came 
under her influence, or met her in the privacy of her 
home, or in society, and endeared them to her. The 
practice of benevolence and the activity of compassion 
were marked ch.iraiteristics of her life; nnd she was 
often, found wliilst ministerinp to those around her in 
dislress, assuaging theii griefs, cheering them in their 

lonely and sorrowful hours by timely assistance and 
kindly words of admonition and cheer. At such times 
her mild, expressive countenance lighted up for the 
moment with more than usual animation, with the newly 
kindled zeal which .shone in her genile, suffused eyes. 
Her earthly mission finished, Mrs. Elizabeth Pearson, 
whose biography, had she been known to the author, 
would have been entitled to a place in the " History 
of Heroic, Noble Women of America," passed tran- 
quilly "to that bourne from whence no traveler re- 
turns," and her soul to immortality, in the forty-sixth 
year of her age; the seraphic smile upon her counte- 
nance being as bright and placid, while human eyes 
rested upon it, as when the passing angel traced it 
there. In her death her sadly bereaved husband sus- 
tained an irreparable loss, which, however, was her 
eternal gain. Their wedded life, of some sixteen years, 
was one of unalloyed happiness; no vicissitudes, no 
perplexity, could rufile 1 r mar it. He \\'as always kind 
and affectionate, seldom perturbed, and she was ever 
ready to sympathize, advise, and encourage; hence her 
death was a terrible blow to him. But in time he became 
calm, and strove to banish his grief and live more re- 
ligiously than ever. In conversation with him, a few 
days since, while paying a glowing tribute to his wife's 
memory, he uttered the following beautiful sentiment: 

" I have often thought that the shock which my 
wife's death gave me rendered softer my moral nature. 
A death that is connected with' love unites us with a 
thousand remembrances to all who have mourned ; it 
builds a bridge of sym]iathy between us; it steals from 
nature its charm and exhilaration, not its tenderness. 
And, what, perhaps, is better than all, to mourn ileeply 
for the death of another loosens from ourself the petty 
desire for, and the animal adherence to, life. We have 
gained the end of the philosopher, and view without 
shrinking the coflin .nnd the pall." 

Time had scarcely touched with his ameliorating 
hand this poignant grief, when the angel of death again 
passed the Doctor's threshold, and his first-born lay 
stricken. Then overflou'ed his cup of sorrow, already 
full. Doctor J. W. Pearson, son of Doctor Charles D. 
Pearson, was born at Livonia, Washington County, In- 
diana. He early entered Hanover College, but soon 
after volunteered in the navy, served out the time of 
his enlistment, and was honorably discharged, .^t the 
earnest solicitation of his father, he began the study of 
medicine. He located at Bryantsville, Lawrence County, 
Indiana, and up to the time of his death continued 
there, in the practice of his profession, and superintend- 
ing the Kaolin mines, in which his father had a large 
interest. In 1864 he married Miss Elizabeth Embree. 
He was soon to pursue his further professional studies 
in the East, and then associate with his father, to 
whom the great hopes of this boon, blasted as they 
were, added much to his bereavement. He died on 

■jlh Disl\ 



the l6lh of July, 1S78, of typho-malarial fever, after a 
lingering and painful illness of four months. He bade 
an affectionate farewell to those dear to him, one by one, 
commending the care of his wife and two little boys to 
his father and only brother, and fell asleep to awake in 
"the sweet fields of Eden," there to receive first the 
glad welcome of his mother, who had gone on before. 
In him society had a worthy member, the Christian 
Church a firm support ; in his profession he was recog- 
nized as a man of culture; he was to his wife a loving 
companion, to his children a fond father. They have 
lost, but he has won, the reward of the righteous. His 
life was noble and true, and his death beautiful. A 
sublime entrance, like his, robs of half its terror the 
"valley of the shadow of death." Doctor Pearson's 
mother was a rigid Presbyterian; under her tuition he 
was taught to observe the Sabbath scrupulously, and to 
her he recited the catechism, while for all her instruc- 
tion he had a profound reverence. However, he seemed 
unable to reconcile the decrees of God, which to him 
was a source of great annoyance, until at last he resolved 
to throw all upon Christ, and trust a Redeemer's grace. 
He incidentally obtained two small books, "The Bible, 
or Common Sense," and "The Great Supper," which 
had great influence upon him. He was surrounded by 
Baptist and Methodist circles, and many counseled him 
that his practice would suffer by uniting himself to 
another Church, but their advice could not make him 
deviate from the path of duty. It was a matter between 
himself and his God. In conjunction with a young 
minister he organized, in his community, a Church of 
seventy members, in which he was subsequently chosen 
an elder, and he remains so to the present day. Doctor 
Charles D. Pearson, it will be seen, has been truly the 
architect of his own eminent success. He is a self-made 
man, and his brilliant professional attainments, high 
social standing, and literary culture are most worthy 
of emulation ; and in appreciation of them Hanover 
College (Indiana) conferred upon him the degree of 
bachelor of arts. Doctor Pearson took an active and 
leading part in the organization of the Central College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, the new medical school at 
Indianapolis, and is one of its incorporators. The insti- 
tution was organized July, 1879, and its first regular 
course of instruction- commenced at the beginning of 
the ensuing October, under favorable auspices. The 
Doctor was elected professor to the chair of obstetrics 
and the medical and surgical diseases of women, and 
also honored with the position of president of the fac- 
ulty. He entered earnestly and faithfully upon the re- 
sponsible duties assigned him, and to his able and care- 
ful executive management the institution is in a large 
degree indebted for its successful opening, and the sub- 
stantial basis upon which its permanency depends. 
Though Doctor Pearson has attained the age of fifty- 

nine, at a hasty glance a stranger would take him to be 
a younger man, though his hair is as white as snow. 
lie has an erect and dignified bearing, and is devoid 
of ostentation, though a person unacquainted with him 
might at first judge differently, as he dresses with 
scrupulous neatness and faultless taste. Ha is a fluent 
talker, and the combination of his faculties would have 
made him a distinguished man in any countiy or in 
any sphere of life. He is somewhat below the ordinary 
stature ; his frame is well knit and proportioned. Na- 
ture had originally cast his frame in an athletic mold ; 
but sedentary habits, hard study, and the great wear of 
mind peculiar to his arduous professional career at home 
and in the army, seem somewhat to have impaired her 
gifts. His cheek is pale and delicate, yet it is rather 
the delicacy of thought than weak health. He is slightly 
bald; his forehead is high, broad, and majestic, and on 
the brow there are but few wrinkles. It suggests the 
idea of one who has passed his life rather in contem- 
plation than emotion. His face is an impressive and 
striking one. It speaks both of the refinement and the 
dignity of intellect. Such is the appearance of a man 
of easy, affable, and dignified deportment, of varied 
knowledge, and a genius wholly self-taught, yet never 
contented to repose upon the wonderful stores it has 
laboriously accumulated. 

byville, was born in Addison County, Vermont, 
January 4, 1803, and died in Daviess County, Mis- 
souri, July 12, 186S. When quite a young boy 
he removed to the state of New Hampshire, and lived 
there until his thirteenth year, w-hen he went to New 
York. His father was an orthodox Quaker. He en- 
gaged in the tanning business; and took large contracts 
for making brogans. To this employment William, the 
son, for a tiiue gave his attention. But, desiring to rise 
in the world, and thinking that the legal profession was 
more in harmony with his tastes, as well as the most 
direct road to distinction, he began the study of law 
with a leading law firm in Keeseville, New York, be- 
ing admitted to the bar in January, 1832. In the 
spring of that year he started West in search of a new 
home. After visiting Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, he 
found that Indiana was preferable, and therefore located 
in Shelbyville, in October, 1832. Here he closely fol- 
lowed his profession until 1842, when he was elected 
Judge of the Sixth Circuit, then composed of the 
counties of Marion, Hancock, Shelby, Madison, Hamil- 
ton, Hendricks, Morgan, Johnson, and Bartholomew. 
Over this large circuit he traveled on horseback, some- 
times being absent two or three months. He filled the 
office of judge nine years, displaying judicial abilities of 

1 68 


[yt/i Disl. 

a high order. In 1852 he returnetl to Shelbyville, hav- 
ing resided in Indianapolis during liis judgeship. After 
one year, he went to Gnllatin, Daviess County, Missouri, 
where he lived up to the time of his death, with the 
exception of seven years during which be was located 
in Chicago, actively engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession. Judge Peaslee was a Jacksonian Democrat 
until the formation of the Republican party, when he 
joined it, ever afterwards giving to it his hearty sup- 
port, often stumping his own and adjoining coimties. 
He was an interesting and efifective political speaker, 
and, as a lawyer, ranked among the ablest and most 
reliable in Eastern Indiana. He was married, in Clin- 
ton County, New York, June 12, 1823, to Miss Huldah 
Banker, who still survives him. 

^[1\EELLE, STANTON J., was born on a farm in 
•q|.< New Garden Township, Wayne County, Indiana, 
(^fl on the nth of February, 1843, ^"'i resided in 
Z^ that county as a farmer boy until 1S59, when his 
father, John C. Peelle, removed with his family to a 
farm in Randolph County, and in the spring of i860 
located in Winchester, the county seat of that county. 
Mr. Peelle's education was limited to the common 
schools of his county during the winter season, except 
one term of five months in the old county seminary at 
Winchester in i860. The first school he ever attended 
was in a log school-house, where the pupils studied out 
loud, and where the teacher was kept busy pointing 
quill pens. In the spring of 1861 he taught a three 
months' subscription school near Farmland, Indiana, 
and soon after that term expired he enlisted in Com- 
pany G, 8th Regiment Indiana Infantry Volunteers, 
and while in this regiment was engaged in the battle 
of Pea Ridge. He remained with the 8th Regiment 
until December, 10 1862, when he was promoted to a 
second lieutenancy in Company K, 57th Regiment In- 
diana Infantry Volunteers, then in tlie Army of the 
Cumberland. While in the 57th Regiment, besides 
being engaged in several scouts and skirmishes, he was 
engaged in the l^attle of Stone River, and December 
31, 1862, received a slight wound in the right hip 
with a piece of shell while the regiment was lying in 
a cotton-field under a heavy fire of artillery. July 30, 
1863, the term for which the company had been organ- 
ized having expired, Mr. Peelle was honorably mus- 
tered out with his company, and soon thereafter com- 
menced the study of the law with his uncle. Judge 
William A. Peelle, then residing in Centerville, Indi- 
ana. In February, 1864, the excitement incident to the 
\«ir induced him to abandon study, and he went to 
Nashville, Tennessee, where he was employed in the 
post commissary department, and soon became the chief 

issuing clerk in that department, which supplied the en- 
tire Army of the Cumberland with rations. He re- 
mained in Nashville until the war was over, and then 
accepted a position as chief clerk in the Nashville and 
North-western Railroad office, at Johnsonville, Tennes- 
see ; but that road soon thereafter fell under the control 
of rebel influences, and he was removed to make room 
for more loyal subjects to the Confederacy ; but his re- 
moval enabled him to accept a more remunerative po- 
sition, as clerk in the St. Louis, Cairo and Johnsonville 
packet line, at the same place, where he remained until 
the spring of 1866, when he returned to his home in 
Winchester, Indiana, and resumed the study of the law. 
In March, 1866, he was admitted to the bar of the 
Circuit Court of Randolph County, but made no effort 
to practice until the fall of the following year. On the 
l6th of July, 1867, Mr. Peelle was united in marriage to 
Miss Lou R. Perkins, of South Bend, Indiana, and 
continued to reside in Winchester until May, 1869, 
when he removed to Indianapolis, Indiana, coming to 
the capital of the state with but sixty dollars in the 
world, in the midst of strangers, and w'ith litlle expe- 
rience in the law, yet with a wife whose ambition and 
encouragement made him strong in the midst of his ad- 
versities. By perseverance and attention to business he 
soon commanded a fair practice in the capital city, but 
in the midst of his prosperity he was called upon to 
mourn the death of his beloved wife, which occurred 
on November 27, 1873, leaving him with one child, a 
daughter sixteen months old, who died on the 8th of 
January following. In 1876 he was nominated by the 
Republican party as one of its candidates for the Legis- 
lature, and was elected by a large majority, running 
ahead of his ticket nearly three hundred votes. He 
canvassed Marion County thoroughly in that centennial 
campaign, besides making several speeches elsewhere. 
His career in the Legislature was satisfactory to his con- 
stituents and himself. He was actively engaged in the 
political campaign of 1878 in speaking. In politics he 
has always been a Republican, and his first vote for 
President was cast for Mr. Lincoln. On the l6th of 
October, 1878, he was married to Miss Mary Arabella 
Canfield, only daughter of the late Judge Milton C. 
Canfield, of PainesviUe, Ohio. He was lately engaged 
in his profession in Indianapolis as the senior member 
of the firm of Peelle, Herr & Alexander, but since 
January i, 1880, he has been practicing alone. He has 
the reputation of a painstaking, industrious, and thor- 
oughly conscientious lawyer, and his standing at the In- 
dianapolis bar is second to none of his age and experi- 
ence, while his character as a citizen and gentleman is 
above reproach. He enjoys a fair practice and has a 
good law library. He was nominated for Congress in 
the Seventh Congressional District, on the 4th of Au- 
gust, 1880. 

^j.-^- ^ 

ytk Disl-I 



fERKINS, SAMUEL ELLIOTT, was born in Brat- 
tleborough, Vermont, December 6, 181 1, being 
the second son of John Trumbull and Catherine 
(Willard) Perkins. His parents were both natives 
of Hartford, Connecticut, and were temporarily residing 
in Brattleborough, where his father was pursuing the 
study of law with Judge Samuel Elliott. Before he 
was five years old his father had died, and his mother 
removed with her children to Conway, Massachusetts, 
where she also died soon afterwards. Before this, how- 
ever, his mother being unable to support her family, 
Elliott was adopted by William Baker, a respectable 
farmer of Conway, with whom he lived and labored 
unlil twenty-one years of age. During this lime, by 
the aid of three months' annual schooling in the free 
schools of the state in winter, and by devoting evenings 
and rainy days to books, he secured to himself a good 
English education, and began the study of Latin and 
Greek. After he attained his majority, he pursued his 
studies in different schools, working mornings, evenings, 
and Saturdays to pay his board, and teaching occasion- 
ally a quarter in vacation to provide means for tuition 
and clothing. The last year of this course of study was 
spent at the Yates County Academy, New York, then 
under the presidency of Seymour B. Gookins, Esq., a 
brother of the late Judge Gookins, of Terre Haute, In- 
diana. Having obtained a fair classical education, he 
commenced the study of law, in Penn Yan, the county 
seat of Yates County, in the office of Thomas J. Kevins, 
Esq., and afterwards, as a fellow-student of Judge 
Brinkerhoff, late of the Supreme Bench of Ohio, study- 
ing in the office of Henry Welles, Esq., since one of 
the Judges of the Supreme Court of New York. In 
the fall of 1836 he came alone, on foot, from Buffalo, 
New York, to Richmond, Indiana, a stranger in a 
strange land — not being acquainted with a single indi- 
vidual in the state. His original intention had been to 
locate in Indianapolis, but on reaching Richmond he 
found the roads impassable, from recent heavy storms, 
it being necessary to carry even the mails on horse- 
back. Finding it impossible to proceed further, and de- 
siring to lose no time in qualifying himself for practice, 
he inquired for a lawyer's office, and was referred to 
Judge J. W. Borden, then a practicing attorney in Rich- 
mond, and now Criminal Judge of Allen County. He 
spent the winter in his office, doing office work for his 
board. In the spring of 1837, after a satisfactory ex- 
amination before Hon. Jehu T. Elliott, Hon. David 
Kilgore, and Hon. Andrew Kennedy, a committee ap- 
pointed by the court for that purpose, he was admitted 
to the bar, at Centerville, Wayne County, Indiana. He 
immediately opened an office in Richmond, and soon 
obtained a large and lucrative practice, coming in con- 
tact with such eminent lawyers as Caleb B. Smith, 
Samuel W. Parker, Charles H. Test, James Perry, 

Jacob B. Julian, J. S. Newman, and others. The 
Jeffersonian, a weekly paper, had been established in 
1837 by a Democratic club, with Mr. Perkins as editor. 
In 1S3S \\i& Jeffersonian was sold to Lynde Elliott, who 
conducted it about a year, and failed. He had mort- 
gaged the press to Daniel Reed, of Fort Wayne, for 
more than its value. Mr. Reed visited Richmond, after 
Elliott's failure, for the purpose of moving the press to 
Fort Wayne. Unwilling that the Democracy of the 
place should be without an organ, Mr. Perkins came 
forward and paid off the mortgage, took the press, re- 
commenced the publication g\ \\).& Jeffersonian^ and con- 
tinued it through the campaign of 1S40. ' In 1S43 ''^ 
was appointed by Governor W^hitcomb prosecuting at- 
torney of the Sixth Judicial Circuit. In 1S44 he was 
one of the electors who cast the vote of the state for 
Mr. Polk. In the winter of 1S44, and again in 1845, 
he was nominated by Governor Whitcomb, a cautious 
man and a good judge of character, to a seat on the 
Supreme Bench, but was not confirmed either time. 
On the adjournment of the Legislature, quite unex- 
pectedly to himself, he received from the Governor the 
appointment, for one year, to the office for which he 
had been nominated. He was then thirty-four years of 
age, and had been at the bar and a resident of the state 
but nine years. With much reluctance he accepted the 
appointment, having to risk the re-election of Governor 
Whitcomb for a renomination to the Senate of the fol- 
lowing year. He was, however, re-elected, and Judge 
Perkins, having served on the bench one year, was re- 
nominated, and confirmed by the Senate, receiving a 
two-thirds vote, seven Whig Senators voting for him. 
In 1852, and again in 1858, he was elected, under the 
new Constitution, by the vote of the people to the same 
position, and was therefore on the Supreme Bench nine- 
teen consecutive years. When, in the stress of polit- 
ical disaster in 1864, he left that court, he did not 
therefore despair or retire, there was no impatient com- 
plaint or repining. He entered at once into the prac- 
tice of his profession. In 1857 he accepted the ap- 
pointment of professor of law in the North-western 
Christian University, which position he retained several 
years. In 1870, 1871, and 1872 he was professor of law 
at the Indiana Slate University, at Bloomington. He 
felt much pride and gratification in the marked success 
of so many of his students. Among the number were 
Hon. Charles L. Holstein, Judge Daniel Howe, Judge 
John A. Holman, Senator K. C. Harris, Hon. John A. 
Finch, Hon. John S. Duncan, of Indianapolis; Sen- 
ator I. H. Fowler, of Owen; Judge C. N. Pollard, of 
Howard; Senator George W. Grubbs, of Morgan; and 
Judge John A. Cornahan, of Lafayette. In addition 
to his immense labor as one of the Judges of the Su- 
preme Court, and professor of law, he prepared in 1858 
the "Indiana Digest," a book containing eight hundred 



[ Tlh Dist. 

and seventy pages, and requiring, in its writing, ar- 
rangement, and compilation for the press, a great 
amount of labor, involving the deepest research into 
the statutes of the state and the decisions of the Su- 
preme Court. This work has received the approbation 
of the members of the Indiana bar, as a work of great 
merit and utility. In 1859 he also produced the "Indi- 
ana Practice," a work of about the same number of 
pages and no less importance, and requiring as much 
labor in its preparation, as the Digest. In 1S68 he un- 
dertook the editorship of the Herald, formerly and 
since the Sentmel, the Democratic state organ. In 
August, iS/i, he was appointed by Governor Baker, 
to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge 
Rand, to a scat on the Superior Bench of Marion 
County — a nisi prius and inferior tribunal, one of great 
labor and responsibility — and discharged its duties with 
all diligence and fidelity. lie was subsequently elected 
to the same office in 1874 without opposition. Nor was 
there ever a juster act of popular gratitude and recog- 
nition than when the people of the state, in 1876, almost 
without action upon his part, took him from this place 
and returned him to a higher station in the courts of the 
commonwealth, \\hich he had formerly so long adorned 
with his presence. To his studious application, which 
supplemented the natural qualities of his mind, much 
was due for the reputation of the Indiana Supreme 
Bench in the days when it was honored for its wisdom. 
He helped to give it the name it had in the days of 
Blackford and Dewey, his first associates in the court, 
and not the smallest part of the loss occasioned by his 
death is, that it deprives the bench of the quality it 
needs most and has least. Shortly after Judge Perkins's 
appointment to the Supreme Bench, he became a resi- 
dent of Indianapolis, where he continued to reside until 
the time of his death. He took a lively interest in the 
development of the material interests of his adopted 
city, and during his long residence there assisted with 
his means and influence in many enterprises looking to- 
ward the prosperity of Indianapolis. .As he was familiar 
with adversity in his early days, and often experienced 
all that bitter in poverty, his heart continually 
prompted him to acts of benevolence towards the unfor- 
tunate of his neighborhood. It was a mystery to many 
how he could apply himself professionally with such 
unremitting diligence, and at the same time take such 
a lively interest in every thing looking toward the pros- 
perity of Indianapolis; but the fact is he knew no rest; 
he was indefatigable; he never tired when there was 
any thing to be done. His life was an unceasing round 
of labors which he never neglected, and which he pur- 
sued with a devoted industry from which more robust 
constitutions might have recoiled. On political subjects 
the Judge was a pertinent and forcible writer, and when 
his pen engage<l in miscellany its productions possessed 

a truthful brevity, perspicuity, and beauty which ranked 
them among the best literary productions of the day. 
His eulogy on the late Governor Ashbel P. Willard, 
delivered in the Senate chamber during the November 
term, i860, of the United States District Court, does 
ample justice to the character and memory of that dis- 
tinguished man ; and the sentiments that pervade the 
entire address bear testimony to the soundness of the 
head and goodness of the heart from which they ema- 
nated. The pith and fiber of his mental faculties are 
not by any thing better attested than by the very evi- 
dent growth and progress of his judicial style. His 
mind was of that finest material which does not dull 
with age or become stale with usage. He improved 
steadily and constantly to the very last. His last opin- 
ions are his best. There is in these a manifest terse- 
ness, a cautious, careful trimming and lopping off of all 
superfiuousness; the core only, the very kernel of the 
point to be decided, is presented. But for this tacit 
acknowledgment of a fault in his earlier writings he is 
not to be upbraided, but is to be commended, rather, for 
the moral courage necessary in the avowal and avoid- 
ance of such fault. The first, and not the least, quality 
in a judge is thorough integrity of purpose and ac- 
tion. In this great qualification he was faultless. In 
a long and diversified course of public life no 
charge was made against him of corruption or op- 
pression, or even of discourtesy or unkindness. In 
his intercourse, whether with his colleagues of the 
bench and bar, or with the people at large, no stain 
was ever found upon the ermine which he wore. 
Too much praise can hardly be bestowed upon the 
firmness with which he maintained his political integ- 
rity. In early life an ardent friend and supporter of 
the principles of Jackson and Jefferson, he remained 
faithful in his adherence to them to the end. There 
were many notable examples in his day of political 
apostasy; there were many of his contemporaries who, 
yielding to what was called the force of circumstances, 
or the course of events, did 

•' Crook the pregnant hinges of tlie knee, 
Tli.1t tlirift might follow fawning." 

But he was not of the number. At the grand assizes 
of the future, posterity will award to the late chief 
justice of Indiana the white gloves of purity, in token 
of a lengthened term of public service in which justice 
was administered without fear, without favor, and with- 
out reproach. Judge Perkins died of paralysis of the 
brain, at his residence on West New York Street, In- 
dianapolis, at midnight, December 17, 1S79, in the 
sixty-ninth year of his age. He died full of years and 
honors. It will seldom fall to the lot of a single in- 
dividual, in these feverish and changeful times, to fill 
a position of such high honor and trust in our state 
such a length of time. As is customary on the death 

■jlh Dist.\ 



of a member of the profession, a bar meeting was called, 
and, after appropriate remarks, the following memorial 
was reported by Governor Baker, as chairman of a 
special committee: 

" Again, in the history of the state, death has 
entered the Supreme Court, and made vacant a seat 
upon its bench. The chief justice is dead. We meet 
to do suitable honor to the name and memory, and 
mourn the death, of Judge Perkins. His eminent suc- 
cess is an encouragement, his death an admonition. 
Endowed with strong and active faculties, he pursued 
the purposes of his life with fortitude and determina- 
tion, and at the close of his career he stood among the 
distinguished of a profession in which distinction must 
be merited to be achieved. 

" He was successful in life, and attained exalted 
position, and enjoyed the admiration and approval of 
his countrymen, not only because of his excellent 
natural endowments, but also because his faculties were 
cultivated and developed by diligent labor, and beauti- 
fied by extensive and useful learning, and also because 
his motives were pure and his conduct upright. In this 
we have a lesson and an encouragement. 

"The people gave him high honor, and made it as 
enduring as the laws and the records of the state. His 
name is forever interwoven in our judicial history. So 
long as society shall remain organized under the gov- 
ernment of law, will the student of laws consult his 
opinions and decisions. Through coming generations 
will his labor and learning influence both the legislator 
and the judge. 

" He was an able and a faithful judge, and brought 
honor in our profession. We will cherish his memory. 
In his death we are admonished that no earthly dis- 
tinction can defeat or postpone the ' inevitable hour.' 

'"The paths of glory lead but to the grave." 

•'To his family and kindred we extend our sym- 

Judge Perkins was married, in 1S38, lo Amanda J. 
Pyle, daughter of Joseph Pyle, a prominent citizen of 
Richmond, Indiana. By this marriage there were ten 
children, only one of whom survives, Samuel E. Per- 
kins, junior, now a practicing attorney in Indianapolis, 
Indiana. He had also six grandsons; four, the children 
of his daughter, who married Hon. Oscar B. Hord ; and 
two, the children of his son, who married .Sue E. 
Hatch, one of whom continues the name. 

<\ olis, auditor of Marion County, was born in Sur- 
W rey County, North Carolina, October 12, 1831, 
W and is the son of Jacob L. and Sarah (Inman) 
PfaflF. Mr. Pfaff is the oldest son of a family of six chil- 
dren, only two of whom are now living. When he was 
six years old his father, who was a practicing physician of 
eminence and worth, moved with his family to Morgan 
County, Indiana, and four years later to Westfield, Ham- 
ilton County, where the greater part of the life of the sub- 

ject of this sketch was spent. His mother died in 1845, 
when he was still a mere youth. His father lived until 
the year 1859. During his life-time Doctor Pfaff was a 
pronounced and enthusiastic Abolitionist, and his home 
at Westfield was an important station on the "Under- 
ground Railway." Although he did not live to see the 
consummation of the great object of his desires in the 
emancipation of the negro race, the first mutterings of 
the storm which was to end in civil strife, and event- 
ually in the freedom of the slave, had commenced to 
be heard over the land. Brought up by such a father, 
and surrounded by such influences, it was not surprising 
that young PfafiT early imbibed a cordial hatred for the 
institution of slavery ; and the effects of this training 
and education were felt when he tirst became a voter. 
His first presidential suffrage was cast for the ticket of 
the Liberty party, headed by the names of John P. 
Hale and George W. Julian, although a forlorn hope. 
His subsequent political career has been in accordance 
with his youthful convictions, as the Republican party 
has always claimed and received his warmest sympathy 
and support. Mr. Pfaff''s early education was of the 
meager description lo be obtained in the old country 
log school-house, which he attended until his fourteenth 
year. Upon this scanty foundation he built all his sub- 
sequent education himself, acquiring by reading and 
study a good English education, and by contact with 
the world that knowledge of men and business without 
which education is itself of but little value. At the 
death of his mother he entered a dry-goods store as 
clerk, and there obtained a fair knowledge of that busi- 
ness. After an experience of four years as an employe 
he began in trade for himself, which he continued 
until i860, the year succeeding his father's death. 
He was not only successful in business, but made his 
influence felt in the politics of the county, and 
in the year mentioned he was elected auditor of 
Hamilton County, on the Republican ticket, taking his 
seat in March, 1861. His term of office was four years, 
and extended over nearly the whole period covered by 
the war, in which only his official position prevented 
his being an active participant. At the expiration of 
his term as auditor, in 1865, Mr. Pfaff removed from 
Noblesville, the county seat of Hamilton County, to 
Indianapolis, and engaged in the boot and shoe trade, 
on South Meridian Street, in company with his brother 
and John C. Burton, under the firm name of John C. 
Burton ci Co. This connection continued until Febru- 
ary, 1878, when Mr. Pfaff sold his interest in the busi- 
ness. In this trade he had been remarkably successful, 
and had achieved a fine reputation as a business man of 
probity and honor; but his never-failing interest in pol- 
itics had made him a prominent figure in Republican 
circles in Marion County, and he was nominated by the 
party for county auditor in the fall of 1878, and at the 



\_7lh Dist. 

ensuing election was elected by about one thousand ma- 
jority over Iiis Democratic competitor. The struggle in 
the county that year was close and exciting, and resulted 
in an almost complete reversal of the official politics of 
the county. Mr. Pfaff proved himself an able and effi- 
cient organizer, and an untiring worker in the canvass. 
His ability was more evident as a careful, shrewd, and 
far-seeing manager than in the more public duties of 
the stump; and he developed a strength that gratified 
his friends and astonished his opponents, while his per- 
sonal popularity was beyond all question. The position 
to which he was elected is one of particularly arduous 
and responsible duties, involving the expenditure of 
vast sums of money and a large amount of care and 
prudence in management; but Mr. PfafT has proved 
himself equal to the task, and his administration has 
been one which reflects credit on himself and is satis- 
factory to his friends. On July 19, 1S55, Mr. Pfaff mar- 
ried Miss Ann E. Kenyon, a native of New York state. 
They have a family of four children, three sons and a 
daughter. Two sons, grown up, are clerks in the audi- 
tor's office. Mr. Pfaff has been for several years a mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd-fellows, but does 
not take an active part. He is a member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church. In public and private life he is a 
man who commands universal respect, and is regarded 
as a public-spirited citizen of the highest integrity and 
honor. He is still in the prime of life, healthful and 
vigorous, full of life and energy, and in every respect is 
regarded as a representative of moral and physical worth 
in his community. 

August 27, 1832, in Brown County, Ohio. His 
parents, Dennis and DDrcas Pickerill, were plain 
farm folk ; the former being a son of Samuel Picker- 
ill, a soldier during the Revolutionary War, who was in 
all the battles fought under the command of General Mor- 
gan. His mother, Dorcas Pickerill, was a Jacobs. His 
parents removed from Ohio, settling in Hamilton County, 
Indiana, in 1832, entering a large tract of land lying be- 
tween the Big and Little Cicero Creeks. Young Picker- 
ill's educational facilities were confined to the ordinary 
district schools. He devoured eagerly the few books he 
could reach, and mastered their contents by the light of 
a shell-bark hickory fire. At seven he lost his mother, and 
financial reverses came. His father removed to Cicero, 
Hamilton County, Indiana, and was one of its original 
lounders. A farm was rented, and here our subject re- 
mained until he had reached his thirteenth year, and 
then started out to seek his fortunes. In Ohio we find 
him in the employment of his uncle, at twenty-five 
cents a day. Again, in Indiana, he became a clerk in 
a drug-store in Lafayette, then in a hardware store, 

and finally he became a partner in a daguerrean ga?V:ry 
in Crawfordsville. Quick to learn, full of ingenious 
devices, with strong artistic instincts, he had four.d his 
sphere, and remained in it for years, acquiring in Du- 
buque, Iowa, a handsome little fortune. But the old 
story must here be repeated — investments in wild lands, 
security debts, depreciation in values, and then came 
the financial crash of 1S57. The previous year, while 
in full tide of success, he married Miss Mary E. Mat- 
son, in Prairie du Chien, Crawford County, Wisconsin, 
the ceremony taking place in the officers' quarters of 
old Fort Crawford. After the crash, in 185S, Mr. 
Pickerill became interested with others in a colonizing 
scheme, and formed the Dacotah Town Company, 
proceeding to Council Bluffs by river and to Sioux City 
by wagon. On the route one of the six adventurers 
left his watch at the last night's resting place, and Mr. 
Pickerill and another volunteered to return for it. This, 
going and coming, involved a walk of twenty miles, 
against a stormy head wind, and thirty-five miles addi- 
tional through the wilderness, all the work of a day. 
At Sioux City — consisting of a few log-huts and wig- 
wams — it was determined to make Nebraska the field 
of operations ; and, after days of toilsome march and 
search, the site where now stands St. James was selected 
as headquarters by the adventurers, and the future town 
was named, in advance, Wacapana, it still existing as a 
trading post. Sickness at home called Mr. Pickerill 
away, and, on foot, he plunged into the dense wilder- 
ness and crossed trackless prairies, a distance of three 
hundred miles. He resumed his former business at St. 
Joseph, and in the spring of 1859 again returned to his 
companions, now nearly destitute of provisions, living 
on mush and molasses. Erecting a cabin, he put in a 
crop, and in July again sought civilization. On his re- 
turn he endured all the privations of pioneer travel, 
lost his horses, and arrived in Iowa nearly destitute. 
He pursued his former business at several points, but in 
i860, being a loyal man and at all times outspoken, he 
was driven out of St. Joseph by armed rebels, and 
escaped only with his life. He again resumed business, 
but in 1862 he entered into the recruiting service, and 
participated in the suppression of the Indian revolt near 
Fort Ridgley, Minnesota. In the fall of that year he 
came to Indianapolis, and in November, 1863, enlisted 
in Captain David Negley's company, 124th Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry, Colonel James Burgess command- 
ing. He followed the fortunes of that regiment until it 
was mustered out of service at the close of the war. 
He engaged with a Chicago house as commercial agent, 
and was in that city during the great fire and for two 
years after. He returned to Indianapolis to accept a 
situation in the photograph supply house of Henderson 
George, now Henderson George & Co., No 39 Virginia 
Avenue, where he yel remains, an honored citizen and 

ylh />«/.] 



a business man of marked ability. Mr. Picl<erill is of 
small stature, rapid in his movements, of an active 
mind, quick at expedients, ingenious by instinct, 
affable in manner, a member of the Eleventh Presby- 
terian Church, and has a family of which he is justly 
proud. His second marriage occurred in Chicago, 
1874, to Miss Maggie C. Coates. 

of Indianapolis, was born at Cicero, Hamilton 
County, Indiana, August 31, 1837. To this point 
in 1832, then almost a vast wilderness, his father 
and mother, Samuel J. and Mahala M. Pickerill, emi- 
grated from Brown County, state of Ohio. They were 
among the earliest settlers in this part of ihe siaie, and 
were the first moving spirits in the now thriving town of 
Cicero. They owned and lived in the only two-story 
house in the place. After seeing the wilderness change into 
a beautiful village and into productive farms, his parents 
moved to Clinton County, Indiana, near Frankfort, and 
remained there a few years. The present generation 
can never fully comprehend the vast labors of the early 
pioneers. The present dwellers only see the result, but 
can never hear the ring of the ax of steel wielded by 
muscles that would put to the blush those of the pres- 
ent time. Can the mother of the present day, sur- 
rounded by the little brood around her, with not a 
thought of fear or harm, realize the condition of the 
pioneer mother, with her helpless little ones clinging to 
her, as the war-cry of the savage and the cries of wild 
beasts are heard approaching, with no bulwark of safety 
but a frail log-cabin, with an imperfect door and a win- 
dow of oiled paper? Such was the life of the heroic 
mother of the subject of this sketch, and such was the 
life of his brave and daring father. God has blessed 
them both with good old age. They still live to see 
the beautiful results of their early pioneer labors, with 
children and grandchildren to call ihem blessed. And, 
thus srrrrounded, little Geoi'ge and his brother Samuel 
received the rudiments of an education in a cabin 
school-house for the most part, built in a dense forest. 
Here he had his first love-making, when five or six years 
old, with a pretty girl of about his own age. So ardent 
was his affection that it could not be controlled, or kept 
from the eye of the schoolmaster, who happened to be 
his own father'. The result was, the enamored youth was 
favored with a whipping. And, as he has never mar- 
ried, there may be truth in the saying that there are 
hearts that never love but once. In the year 1848 
his father removed to Lafayette, Indiana. Hei'e was 
opened a prosperous business career foi' Mr. Pickerill, 
who there carried on a large dairy and stock market. 
In this our subject was employed mornings and even- 

ings, attending school during the day, but with little 
interest in its duties. At the age of seventeen he was 
sent to college, and a new era in his life began. Fun 
and frolic gave place to serious thought. He entered 
the North-western Christian University, now Butler, 
with the thought fixed on his mind by his parents and 
the many preachers who constantly visited at his father's 
house — it was a kind of ministers' headquarters for that 
part of the state — that he was to be a clergyman. With 
this in view, he began the acquisition of knowledge in 
earnest. The third year of his college life found him 
a young preacher, with all the zeal and ambition that a 
very warm and imaginative temperament could give, 
giving great promise of success. He was well received 
wherever he went, and encour.iged by Church and people. 
About this time a change came over his father's busi- 
ness, and the young preacher had to battle with life for 
himself. Instead, therefore, of returning to college in 
the fall, he engaged and taught a school at Lafayette. 
The proceeds of this he applied as first payment on a 
home for his father and mother, near Lafayette. The 
following fall and winter found him at Paxton, Ford 
County, Illinois, teaching a six months' school and 
preaching. The next year he taught at State Line City, 
Illinois. This was a labor not altogether congenial to 
one of his temperament, but was the best thing that 
offered itself for the accomplishment of the objects in 
view — his own improvement, and assisting in liquidating 
the indebtedness on the property before mentioned. 
For this purpose he taught two other schools, one at 
Dayton, Indiana, and another at Lebanon, Indiana. 
The year the Lebanon school was taught he had again 
returned to the university, but left it again to resume in- 
struction. About this time " a change came o'er the 
spirit of his dream," with regard to the profession that 
had been chosen for him. While he loved it, it became 
a very serious question with him whether he was "the 
right man in the right place," or not. As his own 
mind became more matured, and his tastes and ambi- 
tion assumed more definite shape, he found that his 
mind was decidedly speculative, running into a scientific 
channel, his late reading being almost wholly of this 
nature, and the fear arose with him that he was not in 
his right profession. This solicitude gave rise to a care- 
ful investigation, the result being the choice of med- 
icine, as being mor-e in harmony with the constitution 
of his mind than theology ever could be. During this 
transition the laws of physical life were his absorbing 
thought, the harmony, or the want of harmony, be- 
tween them and revelation. This was a field large 
enough for the gratification of the most speculative 
mind. The harmony could not at all limes be found. 
He made a rule for himself: if he could not untie the 
knot, he would not cut it. The fault was within him- 
self. If he had known more he might be able to com- 



[ yth Dist. 

prehend more of infinite wisdom. Faith in revelation 
would sometimes tremljle — almost fall — yet in the end 
there was an undying confidence in the wisdom and 
goodness of God. Neither did the study of medicine 
breed infidelity in him. His first medical college in- 
struction was at Ann Arbor University, in Michigan. 
There was a flaw in his radical mind over the teaching 
while at this college. Agents and means were used in 
the treatment of the sick too destructive to life, not at 
all in harmony with the nature of man. Mercury was 
the king of medicines. This he could not, would not, 
tolerate. Believing that any agent that did not work in 
perfect harmony with physiologic laws was unsuited 
and hurtful to man, he says: 

"I repudiate mercury because there is nothing like it 
in the whole economy of man. I repudiate it because 
it lowers the standard of life. I repudiate it because 
it creates untold more diseases than it cures — if it ever 
cures at all. I repudiate it because no man knows what 
the results are going to be after it is given." 

After practicing a year (after leaving Michigan Uni- 
versity) in Indianapolis, he went to Cincinnati, and en- 
tered the Eclectic Medical Institute, from which he 
graduated, February i6, 1866. He returned to Indian- 
apolis and resumed practice, and with this new-medical 
banner he soon gained friends and patronage, and has 
remained there to the present. He is still speculative, 
and anxious to learn of something new which is better 
than the old. He has written quite freely to medical 
journals, his essays always being in demand. He is 
still a hard student. He has never married, but is very 
fond of the ladies, and thinks he will find time to get a 
wife before long. 

jjRUNK, DANIEL H., M. D., physician and sur- 
geon, Indianapolis, was born near Fincastle, Bote- 
tourt County, Virginia, November 3, 1829. His 
father, Daniel Prunk, was born in the state of 
Maryland in 1794, served his country as a soldier in the 
War of 1S12, and died in Illinois in l86l. His wife, 
Catharine (Edwards) Prunk, the mother of Doctor 
Prunk, was born in old Virginia in 1 796, and still lives, 
at the advanced age of eighty-four, surrounded by a 
numerous family of children and grandchildren, and en- 
joying their appreciative love and affection. In the fall 
of 1831 the father of Doctor Prunk, not feeling disposed 
to spend his life in competition with slave labor, re- 
solved to emigrate to a free state. Reaching Xenia, 
Ohio, with a family of seven children, he was forced by 
the severity of the weather to winter there. Resuming 
Ills journey next spring, he encountered his full share 
of the many privations, hardships, and obstructions pe- 
culiar to a new country, his horses often having to wade 
side-deep through the sloughs and quagmires which 

were very frequently met with, and the children being 
often transferred in arms across the most difficult por- 
tions of the way. He at length reached his destination, 
at Hennepin, Bureau County, Illinois, in the spring of 
1832, and set to work to clear a farm and home for his 
family. The settlers at that time had to live in con- 
stant fear of the "noble red man," and more than once 
Mr. Prunk only saved his family from the tomahawk 
and scalping-knife of the dreaded Black Hawk Indians 
by taking refuge in the old Florida Fort, about three 
miles from Hennepin. Society was imperfectly organ- 
ized, log-cabin school-houses were few and far between, 
and the schoolmaster was not abroad in the land, in 
those days of pioneer hardships. Subscription schools 
for three months in the winter season were the best 
educational facilities then offered to the most favored 
families, and the children of the poorer classes were 
obliged to forego even those meager opportunities. 
There were few incentives to fire latent powers to noble 
achievements, save the acquisition of broad acres and 
their cultivation. It was amid such surroundings and 
with such advantages that the boyhood and youth 
of Doctor Prunk were passed. But his restless mind 
was not content to regard the routine of a farmer's 
life as the chief destiny of man, and so, at the ear- 
liest opportunity, spurred on by youthful ambition, 
he left the parental roof to avail himself of the educa- 
tional advantages afforded at Lacon, Illinois, work- 
ing mornings, evenings, and Saturdays to defray ex- 
penses, until he was qualified to teach a district school. 
This served the double purpose of enabling him to re- 
view his studies, and also paved the way for meeting his 
expenses at the college of Mount Palatine, Illinois, which 
he entered in 1S50. One year later he attended Rock 
River Seminary, where he numbered among his class- 
mates John A. Rawlins, afterwards Secretary of War, 
and Shelby M, Cullom, now Governor of Illinois. His 
limited means would not permit him to remain there 
longer than a year, at the close of which he returned 
home, and in the fall and winter devoted himself to 
teaching school. In the spring of 1S53 he commenced 
the study of medicine, under the preceptorship of Doc- 
tor Joseph Mercer, of Princeton, Illinois. He attended 
the Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincinnati, Ohio, dur- 
ing the winter of 1853-54, and finally, in 1855-56, re- 
ceived the degree of Doctor of Medicine and Surgery. 
His first location as a physician was at Carthage, a 
beautiful suburban village near Cincinnati, where pic- 
nics and May parties seem to be a "joy forever." It 
was on one of these joyous and festive occasions that 
he first made the acquaintance of an estimable little 
lady from the blue-grass country, an acquaintance which 
gradually budded into friendship and love, and ripened 
into marriage one year afterwards. The following year, 
by special arrangement, he took charge of the practice 

Jlh Dist.] 



of Doctor A. Shepherd, at Springdale, Ohio, while the 
doctor was absent on a foreign tour. On the return 
of the latter Doctor Prunk was importuned to locale 
at Rockford, Illinois, and did so in the fall of 1857, 
just in time to be greeted by the financial crash that 
swept over the country, so ruinous to business in gen- 
eral and to state banks in particular. His professional 
success had been such as to enable him to flatter him- 
self with brilliant prospects for his future, and a bright 
recompense for the arduous labors which had preceded 
his adoption of a profession ; but the crisis came which 
no amount of skill could overcome, and the effect was 
to locate him once more in Princeton, Illinois, in 
October, 1S5S, when he formed a copartnership with his 
old preceptor. Doctor Mercer. This connection lasted 
until April 16, 1S61, when special inducements pre- 
vailed upon him to locate in Indianapolis, just as the 
echoes from the bombardment of Fort Sumter were 
reverberating through the land. In September, 1S61, 
he was honored by Governor Morton with a commis- 
sion as assistant surgeon 19th Regiment Indiana Vol- 
unteers, to fill a vacancy. He passed a successful and 
creditable examination before the regular board, and 
was assigned to duty at the Marshall House Hospital, 
Alexandria, Virginia, where he served several months, 
until the extreme illness of his wife hastily summoned 
him home. June 28, 1S62, he was ordered by the 
Governor to report to Colonel Brown, of the 20th Regi- 
ment Indiana Volunteers, which lay at Harrison's Land- 
ing, Virginia, just after the seven days' battle. Sel- 
dom in the history of war had the fortunes of battle, 
the terrors of disease, and the elements so effectively 
combined against the strength of an army. The rank 
and file were so reduced by losses and sickness that 
there were scarcely enough able-bodied men left to 
man the breastworks and the trenches. It is said that 
even a Kearney and a Hooker dropped tears of com- 
miseration over the dark clouds that seemed to over- 
hang the decimated ranks and shadow even hope itself. 
Men and horses died by hundreds, and Egypt's historic 
reputation for stench and flies was more than dupli- 
cated. In the midst of all this, and while bravely at- 
tending to his duties, Doctor Prunk was attacked with 
camp diarrhoea and typhoid fever, and when the army 
was ordered to evacuate the place he was shipped to 
David's Island Hospital, sixteen miles above New York 
City, where he was confined to his tent six weeks. 
During his absence the second battle of Bull Run and 
Centerville had been fought, and the veteran regiment 
lay near Arlington Heights, very much reduced in num- 
bers, and under marching orders for the advance on 
Fredericksburg. He wa> ordered by General Berry to 
take charge of all the sick of the brigade, and conduct 
them to the Third Army Corps Hospital, near Alex- 
andria, Virginia, where he remained in charge until 

about the middle of December, 1S62, when he resigned 
and returned home. After a brief sojourn home, he 
was again ready fur active service, and, having learned 
that at Nashville, Tennessee, there was a demand for 
competent surgeons, he proceeded thither; and, after a 
two days' searching examination by the army medical 
board, the result was pronounced satisfactory, and he 
immediately consummated a contract with A. Henry 
Thurston, assistant surgeon-general United States army, 
and medical director at Nashville, and was ordered on 
duty at the officers' hospital. He subsequently assisted 
Doctor Saulter in organizing the Cumberland Hospital, 
which had a capacity for three thousand patients, and 
here he remained in the active discharge of his duties 
until October 12, 1863. During his leisure hours, hav- 
ing discovered a new preservative and disinfectant com- 
pound for embalming bodies, he enlisted in that busi- 
ness with much success during the remainder of the war, 
by permission of Major-general George H. Thomas, hav- 
ing his headquarters at Nashville, with branch offices at 
Chattanooga and Knoxville, Tennessee; Dalton, At- 
lanta, and Marietta, Georgia; and Huntsville, Alabama. 
He rendered valuable services to the remains of Gen- 
eral McPlierson and numerous fallen heroes during the 
Georgia campaign. After the close of the war he re- 
turned to Indianapolis, and has since devoted his ener- 
gies to the practice of medicine and surgery, in which 
he has achieved marked success. To smooth his pro- 
fessional journey, which had often been assailed by 
foes without and foes within the profession, on account 
of his school, he determined to remove the obloquy of 
an ism by graduating, at the close of the winter session 
of 1874-75, ^^ '''^ College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
just twenty years after he had received his first degree 
at Cincinnati, Oliio. Doctor Trunk's standing as a 
physician is of the first class, and his social demeanor 
and agreeable presence and conversation make him de- 
servedly popular with all patients, and stamp him as a 
gentleman of culture and refinement, while his private 
charactei as a citizen, a husband, and a father is above 
reproach. Doctor Prunk is, politically, a Republican. 
His early religious associations were with the good old 
Methodist Church, which sent its itinerant preachers 
along with the pioneer in the fastnesses of the wilder- 
ness. He became a member of that Church at Lacon, 
lUinois, in 1849, and continued his membership therein 
until 1867, when, appreciating the old adage, that "a 
house divided against itself can not stand," etc., he asso- 
ciated with the Episcopal Church, of which his wife was 
a member. On March 30, 1858, Doctor Prunk was 
married to Miss Hattie A. Smith, and their family con- 
sists of Frank Howard, born in Princeton, Bureau 
County, Illinois, March 14, i860; Harry Clayton, born 
in Indianapolis, August 17, 1861; and Byron Fletcher, 
born in Indianapolis, December 20, 1S66. We are im- 



[7ih Dist. 

pelled to take more than a passing glance at the bright 
and talented lady who presides over the Doctor's house- 
hold, and whose place in the hearts of the public is 
commensurate with her rare genius and her truly 
womanly qualities of head and heart. We give a brief 
outline of that part of her life which is of public in- 
terest. Her brilliant social qualities endear her to a 
large and constantly widening, though select, circle of 
friends. Mrs. Hattie A. Prunk is a native of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, although soon after her birth her parents, 
William J. and Lavinia (Lenox) Smith, moved to Cov- 
ington, Kentucky, where she was brought up, and where 
she resided until her marriage with Doctor Prunk. 
Both parents of Mrs. Prunk were natives of old Vir- 
ginia, where the maternal family name of Lenox has 
figured prominently for many generations. Her mater- 
nal grandfather was a lieutenant in the War of the 
Revolution. After a thorough and careful training in 
the usual branches of a liberal English education, she 
entered the Wesleyan Female College at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and graduated from that institution in 1858, a 
short time before her marriage. Very early in life she 
evinced a j^eculiar aptitude for declamation, developing 
a fluency in reading, and a dramatic power of expres- 
sion, remarkable in one of her age, and this talent 
brought her into requisition as the representative of her 
class on all occasions of public entertainment, and in 
society at popular and social gatherings. Her friends 
and herself soon awoke to the consciousness that there 
existed in her the germs of the divine art, which only 
needed careful cultivation to bud and blossom into the 
ripe fruitage of rare dramatic and elocutionary genius. 
The highest possibilities in any art or profession are at- 
tained only by constant and unceasing, sometimes la- 
borious, application, and Mrs. Prunk possessed both the 
innate love for art and the will-power and determined 
energy to apply herself to the task of perfecting her 
powers. For eight years previous to her subsequent 
graduation she devoted every spare moment tc study, 
and to the task of training her vocal organs for the 
platform, under the instructions of celebrated profess- 
ors in the East. Desiring still to secure the most per- 
fect training that the country affords, in the month of 
October, 1877, she entered the Boston University School 
of Oratory, under the control of the late Professor 
Louis B. Monroe, and after the most diligent and per- 
sistent application for two years graduated from that 
institution in May, 1879, which was one year less than 
the regular course. She also enjoyed the privilege of 
special instruction from Professors Steele Mackaye and 
R. R. Raymond, of Brooklyn, New York. Mrs. Prunk's 
first appearance before the public in a professional ca- 
pacity was at the Grand Opera-house, Indianapolis, 
October 14, 1878, in response to a pressing invitation 
from the leading citizens of that city; and press and 

critics united in paying the most flattering tributes to 
her graceful presence, remarkable purity and quality of 
voice, and high dramatic talents. Her second appear- 
ance was at Treniont Temple, Boston, May ig, 1879, 
before a large assembly of the elite of that cultured 
city. Her reception partook largely of the character of 
an ovation, and the press teemed with- the most compli- 
mentary allusions to the accomplished debutante. Since 
that time she has appeared before the public at various 
times, principally in Indianapolis; and the encomiums 
lavished upon her, and her constantly growingpopularity, 
have awakened a wide-spread desire on the part of her 
friends to see the lady permanently adopt the platform as 
a profession. Thus far the press of domestic and other 
duties has kept her from acceding to the popular desire 
in this regard, but it is to be hoped that before long she 
may see fit to gain for herself the national reputation 
which only awaits her bidding. To the people of her 
own city and state, or in the educational circles of the 
East, she needs no introduction, and her place in the 
public heart is assuredly a warm one. A sketch of Mrs. 
Prunk would be incomplete without a slight analysis of 
her standing and powers as an artiste. Her friends do 
not hesitate to claim for her a place alongside the hand- 
some and gifted Mrs. Siddons, and in many respects the 
resemblance between the power and presence of both 
artistes is very marked. Mrs. Prunk combines in a 
marked degree those faculties, mental and physical, 
which constitute excellence in her art, and in any other 
situation or profession some one or other of her splendid 
gifts would have been misplaced or dormant. With a 
face and form so attractive as to command the respect- 
ful attention of the most casual observer, she has 
reached that point of perfection in her art at which it 
ceases to be art and becomes second nature. She has 
studied profoundly the forms and capabilities of lan- 
guage, so that a delicacy of emphasis is assured by 
which the meaning of an author is most distinctly con- 
veyed; and no critic could suggest in her delivery a 
shade of intonation by which the sentiment could be 
more fully or more faithfully expressed. With an un- 
equaled genius for, and a passionate devotion to, her 
art, the utmost patience in study, and a purely sym- 
pathetic nature, there is not a passage that she can 
not delineate; and the nicest shade or most delicate 
modification of passion she .seizes with philosophical ac- 
curacy, and renders with such immediate force of nature 
and truth, as well as precision, that what is the result 
of deep study and unwearied practice appears like sud- 
den inspiration. There is not a height of grandeur 
to which she does hot soar; not a depth of misery to 
which she can not descend; not a chord of feeling, 
from the sternest to the most delicate, which she can 
not cause to vibrate at her will. Her personal appear- 
ance and presence are stately and dignified, while her 

yth Dist.\ 



command of facial expression seems almost unlimited ; 
now capable of delineating the sunniest of smiles; now 
picturing the sternest of frowns; now lighted up with 
the bright beams of hope ; and anon shrouded in the 
gloom of despair. Unlike a good many who seem not 
to live outside of their profession, Mrs. Prunk shines as 
brightly in the social circle as on the platform, is a 
versatile and brilliant conversationalist, quick as the 
lightning's flash, apt at repartee, and in the arena of re- 
fined sarcasm able to cut and parry with all the polish 
and dash of the witty, refined, and accomplished lady. 
In her domestic relations she is pre-eminently happy, a 
noble wife and a devoted mother. Mrs. Prunk is now 
-in the very prime of life, and can not yet have reached 
the zenith of her physical and intellectual powers. As- 
suredly, higher honors yet await her than any she has 
yet achieved. 

fANSDELL, DANIEL M., clerk of Marion County, 
was born June 15, 1842, in the county of which 
he is now clerk. He was the son of a Baptist 
-jooi minister of limited means, and had no ad- 
vantages for education beyond that of the district 
country school until he arrived at the age of seventeen 
years, when, by his own will and energy, he had se- 
cured a scholarship in Franklin College, Johnson 
County, where he remained three years, excepting the 
time during which he taught school. He was in his 
junior year in 1862, and had a great desire to complete 
his college course, but he, like thousands of others, felt 
that his country required his services in the tented field, 
and he accordingly enlisted as a private in Company G, 
70th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, General Benjamin 
Harrison commanding, and was with his command con- 
tinuously until the battle of Resaca, Georgia, May 15, 
1864. During the dreadful charge on that Sunday after- 
noon, General Joe Hooker commanding, in which the 
70th Indiana took the lead, when within twenty feet of 
the rebel works, amidst a shower of shot and shell, he 
lost his right hand, a rebel bullet having pierced his 
■wrist, almost entirely severing the hand from the arm. 
Thus ended his military history. Though humble, yet 
his duties were performed with fidelity. No doubt had 
opportunity offered, even though young, he would have 
displayed those superior qualities in the army that he 
has developed in civil life. Coming back to his native 
county in the spring of 1864, with his mangled arm yet 
under the surgeon's care, while in the city hospital of 
Indianapolis, he employed his leisure time in attending 
a commercial college, from which he graduated in the 
winter of 1864-5, receiving his discharge from the army 
at about the same time. After traveling for six months 
selling school furniture for Asher & Adams, he returned 
to the avocation that made him his first dollar — that of 

school teaching — at which he continued until June, 1866, 
when he was called to the deputyship of General W. J. 
Elliott, then recorder of Marion County. From this 
dates the era of his successful political history. In the 
spring of 1867 Mr. Ransdell was nominated by the Re- 
publican party for clerk of the city of Indianapolis, which 
office he filled, in a manner highly acceptable to the city 
and with credit to himself, for two terms in succession. 
After retiring from oflfice he engaged in business. In 
1875 ^^ ^^'^^ again brought forward into public life, 
and elected a member of the city council of Indian- 
apolis, from the largest and heaviest tax-paying ward of 
the city, where he displayed those qualities that make a 
successful representative of an enterprising people. 
He stood in the front of all movements looking to the 
advancement of the city's interest, prominent among 
which was the establishment of the Belt Railroad and 
stock-yards. At the Republican convention, held at 
Indianapolis on the 2d of March, 1878, Mr. Ransdell 
was nominated on the first ballot for county clerk. He 
entered actively into the canvass, and was elected 
over his competitor by two thousand votes, his ma- 
jority being twelve hundred more than the aver- 
age majority of the Republican ticket. He entered 
at once upon the duties of his ofiice, and it is no 
disparagement to his predecessors to say that his 
administration has been eminently successful. Few 
men of the age of Mr. Ransdell have filled as 
many public positions, and certainly none have given 
more general satisfaction in the discharge of pub- 
lic duties. The private and social side of his life is as 
pleasant as his public career has been successful. In 
December, 1S69, he was united in marriage with Mary 
R. Cathcart, a woman of education, rare good sense, 
and excellent judgment, and no doubt he can attribute 
much of his success to the quiet influence this amiable 
woman has exerted over him in his peaceful and happy 
home. Mr. Ransdell has a family of four lovely chil- 
dren : Charlotte B., the eldest, is nine years of age ; 
William J. is seven ; Mary C. is a winsome little fairy, 
aged four; and Daniel M., junior, is an infant, aged 
one year. Mr. Ransdell is one of the men of the state 
who will do honor to any puljlic position in which he 
may be placed. 

— >-»»« — 

fAY, MARTIN M., late of Shelbyville, was born 
in the year 1820, in Butler County, Ohio, and 
died in the city of Indianapolis on the sixth day 
of August, 1872. He was a son of John Ray, 
and a nephew of ex-Governor James B'. Ray. But little 
is known of his childhood and youth ; but there is suf- 
ficient to establish the fact that he had many struggles 
with poverty. This, however, seemed only to stimulate 
his ambition to rise in the world and become a great 

I 78 


[7i/i Dist. 

lawyer. He was one of the purest of men, and has left 
an unsullied record. It was his fortune to be placed 
several times before the public as a candidate for office, 
and his opponents could find little in his life and char- 
acter to attack. At an early age he obtained a deputy 
clerkship in the clerk's office of Wayne County, where 
he remained about one year, and then went into the law 
office of his uncle, Governor Ray. He was passionately 
fond of legal studies, and, to further perfect himself in 
them, went to the Law School of Harvard University, 
where he remained for a period of eighteen months. 
He returned to Indianapolis and resumed his reading 
under his uncle; and in 1843, having been licensed to 
practice, he opened an office in Shelbyville, Indiana. 
At this time he was almost penniless, and a complete 
stranger in the community. In a short time, however, 
he was in the midst of a large and lucrative practice, 
and surrounded by a circle of admiring friends. In 
1845 ^^ married Miss Susan Cross, who is now living in 
Shelbyville. Twelve children blessed their union, all 
but one of whom are living. It was his good fortune 
in settling at Shelbyville to be brought into early asso- 
ciation with Hon. T. A. Hendricks. As lawyers, they 
grew up together. It is related that, when it was known 
that they were to be opposing counsel in a lawsuit, the 
court-room was always filled. A friendship was formed 
between these two gentlemen which existed unbroken 
up to the time of Mr. Ray's death. For the first ten or 
twelve years they were of different politics, Mr. Ray 
being a Whig, and Mr. Hendricks a Democrat. Upon 
the dissolution of the Whig party Mr. Ray united with 
the Democracy, and ever afterward maintained his con- 
nection with it. In i860 he was elected to the Indiana 
state Senate by the Democratic party, and was one of 
the leading spirits of that body. He showed himself a 
keen and ready debater, a ripe scholar, and a polished 
gentleman. He felt deeply the situation of the country 
when he entered the Senate in January, 1861, and ear- 
nestly endeavored to bring about a compromise between 
the North and South ; but, seeing that all such efforts 
were of no avail, he took strong grounds for the gov- 
ernment, and made some of the ablest speeches of his 
life in support of the war. He was a devoted patriot, 
who loved his country more than he loved his party. 
In 1858 he was honored with the nomination for Con- 
gress, but was defeated by his opponent, Hon. A. G. 
Porter, the district being Republican by about fifteen 
hundred. In 1S63 he removed to the city of Indian- 
apolis. His reputation as a lawyer had preceded him, 
and in a short time he had a magnificent practice. As 
a lawyer, he stood at the head of his profession, and 
enjoyed many great successes, his business extending 
throughout the entire state. His preparation as an ad- 
vocate was complete. Upon the trial of causes his 
faculties had fair play and appeared to great advantage. 

His humor, genial and highly cultivated, charmed all 
within its influence. His disgust at what was vile or 
mean was sincere and earnest, and he took great pleas- 
ure in denouncing whatever he thought dishonest or 
dishonorable. His eloquence was in a high degree 
pleasing and powerful. His imagination was bold and 
strong, and he had command of the most appropriate 
language. In private life he was a recognized favorite. 
The purity and vigor of his thoughts, the richness of 
his humor, and the elegance of his conversation attracted 
all toward him. He was always kind to the young of 
the profession, and exercised an elevating influence upon 


fair representative of New 

illTVi England's training and life. Though the circum- 
We|A stances bearing upon a character .seem able to 
iDU change it radically, the laws of heredity are im- 
mutable, and the most an alien influence can do is to 
bias what it can not create. He was born on the fourth 
day of October, 1829, in the town of Jamaica, Windham 
County, Vermont. His parents were John and Mary 
Rice. His father was a carpenter, in moderate circum- 
stances, enjoying to the fullest extent the confidence of 
his community. In 1856 he was killed by a fall in his 
barn. Ephraim, the grandfather, was one of the famous 
"Green Mountain Boys," of Revolutionary fame, to 
whom history most justly gives high praise. He fought 
under General Stark at the battle of Bennington, and 
was concerned in many other engagements, dying at the 
ripe age of ninety-four. His grandmother's brother, 
William French, was shot in the court-house at West- 
minster, Vermont, then known as the Hampshire Grants, 
March 13, 1775. This is said to have been the first life 
lost in the struggle for American independence. Court 
was at that time holding under the authority of King 
George, of England, when the people, becoming exas- 
perated at the injustice done them in the findings of 
that body, took possession of the court-house. A com- 
pany of British troops was sent to disperse them and to 
enforce submission. A volley was fired into the room, 
and William French fell. Such, in brief, are the facts 
in Mr. Rice's genealogy. Of hardy, honest parentage, 
he could cope with the ills of life and not weary. Nor 
in his ancestry is there aught of which any man might 
not be proud. His early life was spent at home, work- 
ing with his father upon the farm. Subsequently, he at- 
tended school, and, having acquired a thorough educa- 
tion, taught until 1848, when he moved to Woodstock, 
Vermont, acting there in the capacity of bookkeeper for 
a large dry-goods house till 1853. Leaving his native 
state, he went to Piqua, Ohio, and commenced civil 
engineering. In the fall of the same year he came 
to Indiana, continuing to follow the same business. 

^^^^K^^^/ ^ 



i t- 

■jih Dist.] 



In the spring of 1875, however, he removed to 
Indianapolis, and took charge uf the office of the In- 
dianapolis State Sentinel, which he retained up to 1856, 
While living in this city he married Miss Regina C, 
Smith, in April, 1856, shortly afterward moving to 
Plymouth, where he commenced the business of a dry- 
goods merchant, which he conducted successfully until 
the spring of 1868. In 1866 he accepted the position 
of chief engineer of the Chicago, Cincinnati and Louis- 
ville Railroad, a position he held until the comple- 
tion of the road. He removed to Indianapolis in 1859, 
assuming charge of the Masonic Advocate, as editor and 
publisher, in the interest of which he is still engaged. 
Under his management this periodical, the organ of the 
cr.ift in the West, has attained popul.irity, and is 
to-day the best supported Masonic journal published. 
For seven years he was vice-president of the Masonic 
Mutual Benefit Society of Indiana, and in July, 1877, 
became its secretary, which office he is now filling. 
Mr. Rice was made a Mason in Plymouth Lodge, No. 
149, in June of 1858. He was elected Grand Master of 
Masons in Indiana in 1868, and was three times re- 
elected, holding that office four years, which is a longer 
continuous term than was ever held by any other Grand 
Master in the whole history of the Grand Lodge of In- 
diana. He was elected Most Puissant Grand Master 
of the Grand Council of the Royal and Select Masons 
of Indiana in 1871, and served one year, and chosen 
Grand High-priest of the Giand Chapter of Royal Arch 
Masons of Indiana in 1878, which position he is now 
holding. He received the high honor of the thirty- 
third degree in the Supreme Council for the Northern 
Masonic Jurisdiction of the United States of America 
in 1878, and is the present Eminent Commander of the 
famous Raper Commandery of Indianapolis. As a 
ritualist in Masonry, he has a thorough knowledge of 
the work in all its branches of the York Rite, and also 
confers many of the degrees in the Scottish Rite. 
Possessed of a judicial mind and a natural dispo^ition to 
investigate intricate questions of law and jurisprudence, 
he has a reputation as a Masonic jurist that gives to 
his opinions the highest credit. No man stands above 
Mr. Rice in his fraternity, while he is regarded by the 
world as an exemplary man, a good citizen, and a man 
of firin, unflinching integrity. 

•^^f^lOBINS, MILTON, M. D., of Shelbyville, was 

tborn at Hillsboro, Ohio, November i6, 1810. 
His father, Philip Robins, was a native of Wash- 
ington County, Pennsylvania. He emigrated at 
an early day to Ohio, and settled in Ross County, near 
Greenfield, where some of the family still reside, but 
the greater part are scattered over Ohio, Indiana, and 

Iowa. John Robins, Milton's grandfather, was bom in 
New Jersey, in 1760, and became a citizen of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1780, and lived there during the famous 
Whisky Insurrection. In October, 1821, when he had 
reached the age of eleven, Milton was taken with the 
family to Shelby County, Indiana. There were at that 
time no schools worthy of the name, and such as they 
were they could hardly be sustained three months of 
the year. But he supplied in part the lack of such 
advantages by reading the best works in the county li- 
brary. This was at Shelbyville, ten miles distant, and 
therefore not easy of access; but whenever he obtained 
one of its precious volumes he read it with avidity, 
and treasured up its contents. Having no inclination 
to hunt, fisli, or engage in rural games and pastimes, 
he thus improved every opportunity to store his mind 
with the knowledge of the best literature he could ob- 
tain, often keeping his book in the field when plow- 
ing, so that when his horses were resting he could read, 
and while working meditate. In this way he laid a 
foundation for professional study in which he was soon 
to engage. In the fall of 1831 he became a student of 
medicine under Doctor S. B. Morris, in Shelbyville. 
While prosecuting his studies he supported himself by 
assessing the county for the years 1832 and 1833, and 
occasionally assisting the clerk of the Circuit Court. 
At length he graduated at the Ohio Medical College, 
and entered upon the practice of his profession in the 
southern part of Shelby County. After he had been 
there some time the people required his services in 
another capacity, and elected him recorder of the 
county. He then returned to Shelbyville and assumed 
the duties of the office. In that place he has since re- 
mained, engaged most of the time in the practice of 
medicine and in the drug trade. In both he was suc- 
cessful, and has now retired from business. Having 
been reared by very exemplary parents. Doctor Robins 
early attached himself to the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and has adhered to it with earnestness and de- 
votion for the past fifty years. His father, grandfather, 
and all the members of their families, were also of that 
denomination. In politics he was formerly a Whig, and 
has been a most decided Republican ever since the or- 
ganization of that party, believing that upon its success 
depends the salvation of our country. Doctor Robins 
was married, in Shelbyville, March I, 1836, to Miss 
Frances Powell, whose father, Erasmus Powell, repre- 
sented Dearborn County in the Legislature. Three 
sons and one daughter have been born to him. All are 
living, and the family have enjoyed such remarkably 
good health that during the foity-two years of his mar- 
ried life they have had only one case of sickness. The 
Doctor has used all his influence for the promotion 
of good morals, temperance, and religion. He has 
been identified with Shelby County from its very be- 

I So 


[7/11 Dist. 

ginning, and has helped make it what it is. AVhile en- 
gaged in the duties of his profession he was regarded as 
a careful, judicious, and well-qualified physician, and he 
acquired a large practice. He is a man of sterling 
worth of character, and during his long residence in 
Shelbyville has endeared himself to a large circle of 
friends. Having acquired a competence through the 
long and industrious exercise of his professional and 
business abilities, he now in his declining years enjoys 
the fruits of a well-spent life. 

fOCKWOOD, WILLIAM OTIS, was born in West- 
boro, Massachusetts, February 12, 1814, and died 
at his home in Indianapolis as the clocks were 
striking midnight of Thursday, November 13, 
1879. After a sharp apoplectic stroke on the previous 
Tuesday evening, in a coach of the Indianapolis, Cin- 
cinnati and Lafayette Railway, as the train was about 
leaving the Plum Street Depot, Cincinnati, he never re- 
covered a moment's consciousness. A second effusion 
of blood upon the brain occurred during the night of 
Wednesday, and thenceforward the progress towards dis- 
solution was rapid and sure. Mr. Rockwood's ancestry, 
in both lines of descent, was English. His father, the 
Rev. Doctor Elisha Rockwood, a graduate of Dartmouth 
College in 1802, was for twenty-seven years minister 
of the Westboro parish. His mother, Susanna Brigham 
Parkman, was daughter of Breck Parkman, Esq., a 
granddaughter of the Rev. Ebenezer Parkman, Esq., 
the first minister of Westboro, and a clergyman of wide 
influence. The childhood of Mr. Rockwood was passed 
in his native town. He studied at Leicester and Am- 
herst Academies, and finally entered Yale College, to 
complete a classical course. His passion for the sea was, 
however, uncontrollable. Permitted to indulge it in a 
cruise for mackerel, the brief experience only intensified 
his longing for a sailor's career. After two years at Yale, 
his purpose remaining unchanged, an opportunity was 
obtained for him as a common sailor in a cotton vessel, 
bound for Savannah, and thence for Liverpool. This voy- 
age satisfied him. He had a severe attack of "cotton" 
fever, and Captain Dyer's medical prescriptions were more 
vigorous than agreeable. Reaching home, he became a 
clerk in his Uncle Parkman's store; during the winter, like 
many New England boys, taking up the more dignified 
and lucrative role of the schoolmaster. At Westboro and 
Smithboro his success in maintaining discipline is still 
referred to by the old boys. In August following the 
death of his mother, which occurred June 4, 1S36, he 
came West, to Warsaw, Illinois. He was afterwards at 
Ouincy, where he met his future wife. Miss Helen Mar 
Moore, and at St. Louis, Missouri. From the wreck of 
business in the latter place, in the disastrous times sub- 

sequent to the panic of 1S37, a small farm was saved at 
Wert, near Madison, Indiana, whither he removed with 
his family. That little remnant of property was, how- 
ever, soon swept away for a security debt, and he set- 
tled at Madison as clerk, on a .salary of three hundred 
dollars per annum. Thence he removed to Shelbyville, 
where he was engaged in milling and as superintendent 
of the new Shelbyville Lateral Branch Railroad, and 
finally came to Indianapolis, where he continued to 
reside until his death. The enterprise in which he was 
here at first engaged, the manufacture of railway cars, 
was too extensive for the place and time, and met with 
but partial success. Soon, however, he received the ap- 
pointment of treasurer of the Indianapolis and Cincin- 
nati Railroad, and thus at last, after so many battles 
with fortune, he found his career, an opportunity con- 
genial to his talents and tastes. For thirteen years he 
discharged the onerous and difficult duties of the rail- 
way treasurership, resigning the place in 1868, that he 
might bestow needed attention upon his own accumu- 
lated affairs. Associated with railroad men, he had 
become increasingly interested in all that belongs to 
their schemes, and was prominent in the inception of 
various iron industries, particularly the Indianapolis 
Rolling Mill and the Roane Iron Company, at Rock- 
wood and Chattanooga, Tennessee. Of the former he 
became treasurer in 1S72, having previously been an 
influential director. The business of the latter organiza- 
tion, originating largely in his sagacity and perseverance, 
was to the last a source of pleasure and an occasion of 
reasonable pride. If, in addition to these external inci- 
dents, an attempt should be made to analyze the charac- 
ter of Mr. Rockwood, his acquaintances would be likely 
to think first of his unusual capacity for the dispatch 
of business. A partial list of the positions he held at 
the time of his death, to nearly all of which he was ac- 
customed to give uncommonly close attention, will suf- 
fice to indicate the amount of work required of him. 
Besides his duties at the rolling mill, quite sufficient 
fully to occupy a man, he was a director of the Roane 
Iron Company, Tennessee (of which he had also been 
the first president); of the First National Bank and 
the Bank of Commerce, Indianapolis; of the Franklin 
Fire Insurance Company, and the Bedford Railroad 
Company; president of the Industrial Life Association; 
and treasurer of the Indianapolis Telephone Company, 
and the Hecla Mining Company. He was also asso- 
ciated with several other complicated business concerns 
in different states, each of which required a consider- 
able correspondence. But this variety and pressure of 
work delighted him. It seldom fretted or worried him. 
He could work on with composure until the last bell 
was ringing, and then step quietly on the rear platform 
of the train. Notwithstanding the extent of his corre- 
spondence he seldom clipjied a letter or omitted a 


yth Disi.] 



stroke. The penmanship was deliberate and beautiful. 
In the direction of his latest and largest employments 
his facility was vastly enhanced by his mechanical in- 
sight. Few men without a formal training in such 
matters looked farther or more quickly than he into 
cranks and wheels. He also had a useful faculty of 
resting. This came partly from the composure of his 
nerves and partly from his enjoyment of humor. He 
rarely failed to be diverted by a gleam of wit; a back- 
gammon board unfailingly untangled thought; he en- 
joyed good talkers, and his frequent journeys were 
always occasions of amusement and rest. Doubtless 
the quality, and the quantity too, of his work was 
favorably affected by a certain calmness of judgment, 
a judicial temper of mind. He look time to hear from 
both parties, to look at the other side. He was not 
easily jostled by excitements around him. While feel- 
ing the deepest interest in questions of public policy, 
he cast his vote without fury. More important is it, 
however, to observe Mr. Rockwood's moral traits. He 
was marked by a conspicuous integrity. It pleased him 
to do right, to deal fairly. Nothing was so sure to stir 
the last drop of blood in him as the raising of a ques- 
tion about his probity. His capacity for friendship was 
also remarkable. In the midst of the most urgent en- 
gagements he was cap.ible of writing every day to a man 
he loved, and for months and years each day ardently 
looking for the reply. For humanity in general he had 
a kindly side, trusting men too readily for safety, out 
of mere good nature or genuine pity. It was seldom that 
in ordinary conversation he could be betrayed into saying 
a word in disparagement of any body. He was far more 
likely to revive some innocent anecdote recalling one's 
weaknesses, than to publish any thing looking like a fault. 
Mr. Rockwood was republican in the simplicity of all his 
tastes. Old world nobilities and class distinctions he 
thoroughly disliked. He wanted no fustian or pre- 
tense. Things done for mere pomp were, to him, im- 
II oral things. An intelligent and firm believer in Chris- 
iianity, he was, at the time of his death, a member of 
Memorial Presbyterian Church. Besides his widow, 
three children survive him: Helen Mar, wife of the 
Rev. Hanford A. Edson; William E., and Charles B. 

Q^OOT, DELOSS, of Indianapolis, was born on the 
nljjji third day of February, 1819, in the town of Cin- 
Oijf. cinnalus, Cortland County, New York. His 
'hDzi father, .\aron Root, born at Stockbridge, 
Massachusetts, in 1781, coming West with his family in 
1837, and locating at Hartford, Trumbull County, Ohio, 
whence, in 1852, he came to Indianapolis, where he 
lived till his death, August 30, 1854. A modest, unas- 
suming man, none could say aught against him, none 

stood higher with those who knew him. He was a 
farmer, to whose hardy, honest calling he gave his entire 
life. At an early age he connected himself with the Bap- 
tist Church. He was always a consistent, upright, worthy 
member. The mother, Harriet Kingman, was born in 
the village of Vergennes, in Vermont, in 1794, and died 
at Pitcher Springs, Chenango County, New York. In 
her girlhood she w'as the playmate of the children of 
General Israel Putnam, in Vermont. For many years 
before her death she acknowledged the Baptist faith, 
though she was always very liberal in her views. Deloss 
Root was educated at the town of Lincklaen, Chenango 
County, New York, and his life, up to manhood, was 
spent on the farm; however, he early went into mercan- 
tile pursuits, and has since been actively engaged in 
business. In 1844 he embarked in the iron trade at 
New Lisbon, Columbiana County, Ohio. He came to 
Indianapolis in 1S50, when the population numbered 
only seven thousand. He was then engaged in the 
manufacture of stoves, being the only man in that busi- 
ness in Indiana. He was very prosperous. In 1S50 he 
commanded what was then regarded as an extensive 
trade — fifteen thousand dollars per annum — but it stead- 
ily advanced until, in l868, it reached a maximum of 
two hundred and thirty-six thousand dollars per year. 
He was connected with the first rolling mill in Indian- 
apolis, and was also a large stockholder in the first mill 
for the manufacture of merchant iron (which he assisted 
in organizing, as well), then known as the "White 
River Rolling Mill." This, however, was subsequently 
merged into what is now the "Capital City Rolling 
Mill." He was interested in the "Architectural Works," 
in which was associated with himself Benjamin F. 
Haugh. Mr. Root retired in about one year, at the 
same time withdrawing his capital. This is now one 
of the largest manufacturing establishments of its kind 
in the state. In 1867 he was a moving spirit and one 
of the capitalists in the erection of a blast-furnace for 
the production of pig-iron, at Brazil City, Clay County, 
Indiana. This was not only the first established in the 
state, but the largest in the West. This furnace ran 
steadily and did a large business, the quantiiy and 
quality of the iron made always securing for it a ready 
market. He only recently severed his connection there- 
with. In 1870, assisted by one other gentleman, he built 
a similar furnace in Hardin County, Illinois. Mr. Root 
has been connected with two banks. In 1854 he was 
appointed by the state a director of the Bank of the 
State of Indiana, and continued as such until it 
was merged into a national bank. Then he as- 
sisted in organizing the First National Bank of the 
city. He was the third largest stockholder therein, 
and was a director for about ten years. In connec- 
tion with Hon. W. H. English and Doctor H. R. 
Allen, he purchased the street railway, which they con- 



nth Dtst. 

ducted for a number of years. Kut the enterprise in 
which the services of Mr. Root did more directly 
to advance the interests of Indianapolis, and wherein 
perhaps, than any other man, he did more that is 
worthy a place on the page of the city's history, is 
the establishment of the present excellent system of 
water works. The owneis of the canal were Eastern 
men, who had labored for three or four years in their 
attempts to get a sufficiently large number of the citi- 
zens to take hold of a plan to establish such a system, 
operating it with the canal as the motive power. J. 
O. Woodruff, son of the heaviest owner in the canal, 
spent two years in trying to organize a company, but 
seemed on the point of failing, when one day he called 
upon Mr. Root at his office to counsel with him, saying 
he could get nobody interested in the project. He 
came again at noon, as he had been requested to do, 
and was referred to the following parties, as men most 
likely to engage in the scheme : Hon. Thomas A. Hen- 
dricks, William Henderson, William Braden, and J. O. 
Woodruff, all of whom, with Mr. Root, took part in the 
matter. Without a dollar of capital they went to work. 
Many said that it could not be done, that they were 
striving against impossibilities, but the sequel tells. 
He went to Louisville, Kentucky, and contracted with 
Dennis Long for three thousand tons of pipe for water, 
Long taking the bonds of the company at par. This 
purchase of pipe and sale of bonds gave the movement 
an impetus, and now the city has as a result, in propor- 
tion to its size, the best system of water works in the 
United States. Much credit is due the subject of this 
sketch for his soundness of judgment and his perse- 
verance, without which the whole undertaking would 
most certainly have failed of success. He laid eighteen 
miles of the pipe himself. In the old Indianapolis In- 
surance Company, now the Franklin Fire Insurance Com- 
pany, he was a stockholder and director, and only quite 
recently has his stock been sold and his directorship re- 
signed. A bridge-building company he helped to organ- 
ize, in which he was stockholder and director. He was 
one of the first stockholders in the Cincinnati Railroad ; 
a stockholder and director in the Evansville and Indian- 
apolis Railroad, which was never completed ; interested 
in the North and South Railroad, and in the Indian- 
apolis, Delphi and Chicago Railroad, and the Indian- 
apolis and Cincinnati Junction, now the Hamilton and 
D.ayton Railroad, and a dealer in the stock of others. 
He also dealt largely in real estate, laying out Allen & 
Root's addition, and Allen, Root & English's Woodlawn 
Addition, together with several smaller ones, aggregat- 
ing, In sale of lots, over one million dollars. With all 
this he yet found time to engage in building. He has 
erected no less than one hundred houses — dwellings and 
business houses. Root's Block, at the corner of South 
and Pennsylania Streets, is the largest single block 

in the city, containing seven store-rooms, and requiring 
one and one-half millions of brick in its construc- 
tion. He is at present connected with the Indian- 
apolis Stove Company as its president; the com- 
pany was organized in 1850, being incorporated in 
1857. The business is that of manufacturers of stoves, 
iron fronts, and castings, and they are also dealers in 
tinners' stock. The foundry is one of the most com- 
plete in the western country. It has two molding- 
rooms, and is thoroughly supplied with all the latest 
improved machinery and other appliances to facilitate 
the business and economize labor. Each year they 
manufacture about six thousand stoves, besides a large 
amount of other casting, requiring, in all, about twelve 
hundred tons of iron per annum. In all these enter- 
prises the greatest number of men employed is perhaps 
three hundred and fifty. In the one establishment there 
are now over one hundred employed. The great amount 
of work done, and the general prosperity of the busi- 
ness, give evidence of the solidity, tact, shrewdness, 
and indomitable energy which characterize his manage- 
ment of things. During the war he was a heavy con- 
tractor for army supplies. It would be difficult to find 
a man of greater ability in his calling, or one of readier 
dispatch. At one time he was director of a bank, of 
an insurance company ; was at the head of all his iron 
works, besides attending to half a score of other matters. 
His goods now are selling most in a territory compris- 
ing Central and Western Indiana and Eastern Illinois. 
Mr. Root is a member of the Episcopalian Church, 
having for many years been a vestry-man. He was 
married to Miss Kate H. Howard, August 15, 1861, at 
Trinity Church, New York. She is a daughter of the 
late Major Robert Howard, of the English army, who 
had a very eventful and honorable career. He was 
Irish by descent, his ancestry dating back to the battle 
of the Boyne. He was a prominent man in the politics 
of Canada in 1837, and was of exceptional bravery. 
His home was in Montreal. She has proved a faithful 
and loving wife, and of this union have come five chil- 
dren, all boys, only one of whom, the youngest, and a 
precocious child, is now living, the others having died 
at the age of five or six years. Mr. Root is rather 
short, but heavy, and with fewer gray hairs to tell of 
his sixty years than might be expected. His eyes are 
black, bright, and, when he becomes animated in con- 
versation, sparkling, giving expression to those traits, 
heretofore referred to, which have characterized his 
business life, and which have enabled him to push for- 
ward so successfully the numerous and always gigantic 
enterprises in which he has been interested, and many 
of which he inaugurated. Such is the life-record of 
this quiet, modest, unostentatious business man, who 
has won for himself an honorable place among the citi- 
zens of this connnunily, and which the sterling elements 

yth Dist.] 



of his life will enable him to maintain. He is truly 
the architect of his eminent success, and his remarkable 
career is most worthy of emulation ; and when he shall 
have passed away the enterprises in the inauguration 
of which he was the prime mover, and which have 
done so much to develop the great manufacturing and 
other industries of Indianapolis, will stand, not only as 
enduring monuments to his memory, but they will 
ennoble it, 

'^^USS, GEORGE W., adjutant-general of the state 
ll'iVi of Indiana, was born on the 8th of June, 1845, 
^5}r in a log-cabin in Weston Township, Wood 
'hod County, Ohio. His father had moved into the 
wilderness a few months before, and commenced the 
opening of a little farm, whicli he purchased for one dol- 
lar and fifty cents per acre, which he paid by cutting 
and splitting rails and constructing a fence, at the rate 
of one hundred rails for one dollar. Here the early 
childhood of General Russ was passed, amid the homely 
experiences and trying hardships of a frontier life. In 
his ninth year he attended his first term of school, in a 
small log school-house two miles distant from his 
fatlier's c.ibin. The way to school was through swamps, 
which were crossed by the boy upon logs on all fours, a 
method of transit known among frontiersmen as *' coon- 
ing." With all its hardships, there is a charm about 
frontier life which renders every incident connected 
with it dear to the memory of those who have passed 
their childhood in such scenes. He continued — during 
the winter months only, however — to attend this school 
till he was twelve years old, when he prevailed upon 
his father to permit him to attend a select school at 
Gilead, Ohio, under an agreement by which the boy 
was to provide for his own maintenance, his father 
paying the price of tuition. An arrangement was made 
with a Mr. Pratt, a wealthy gentleman of Gilead, in 
whose family young Russ was given his board in con- 
sideration of his services in taking care of the horses, 
making the fires, and performing other duties. This 
opportunity for the acquisition of knowledge was of 
short duration ; for, a wet season having destroyed his 
father's crops, he returned to render what aid he could 
in the support of the family. For this purpose he 
hired himself to the captain of a canal boat at six dol- 
lars per month. He soon found the work imposed upon 
him beyond his capacity. After having been thrown 
into the canal upon his failure, in some trivial matter, 
to satisfy the irate mate of the slow-moving craft, he 
quitted his employment in disgust, after a service of 
three weeks, abandoning his wages. He next hired 
himself to Mr. James Ross, a farmer, for whom he 
worked two months, at seven dollars per month, re- 
ceiving much assistance in his studies from his em- 

ployer's oldest daughter, who was a school-teacher. He 
then devoted himself for a year to assisting his father in 
clearing and ditching his little farm of fifty-four acres, 
and, in winter, cutting logs and hauling them to the 
saw-mill, and feeding cattle, of which his father had a 
large number. He was now in his fourteenth year. 
He never abandoned his studies, but employed all his 
leisure in acquiring knowledge from such sources as he 
could find. He read all the old books in his neighbor- 
hood. His parents, though uneducated, constantly en- 
couraged his love of study, and stimulated his ambition, 
rendering him every advantage that their limited re- 
sources could command. He was always greatly at- 
tached to the sport of hunting with dog and gun. The 
region in which he lived abounded in game, the pursuit 
of which not only furnished amusement, but also pro- 
vided the means of purchasing clothing and adding to 
his little stock of books. Many a time after a hard 
day's work the night was spent in the swamps hunting 
for 'coons. A good " 'coon dog " was more highly 
prized than a horse ; and a good gun was an indispen- 
sable companion. Once in his early childhood he saw a 
pack of wolves tear to pieces his father's only cow, 
within sight of the cabin home, a loss from which the 
little household of the pioneer suffered for many 
months. At the age of fifteen he again enjoyed the aid 
of a teacher. A Mr. Kelley had erected of round logs 
a school-house and a large building for the accommoda- 
tion of students. This primitive educational establish- 
ment, situated in the forest south-west of Fremont, 
Ohio, was known as Kelley's Academy. The pro- 
prietor, like his buildings, was rugged and uncouth in 
appearance, but beneath his rough exterior was a pol- 
ished mind. He had few equals in his ability to im- 
part knowledge. He had the faculty of a\A'akening in 
his students a desire for the acquisition of learning, and 
a rare capacity for leading their minds in its search. 
Young Russ remained at this school for three months, 
paying for his board and washing by clearing ground 
for Mr. Kelley in the mornings and evenings and on 
.Saturdays, his father sending a five-dollar gold piece as 
part of the cost of his tuition, the remainder of the fee 
being afterwards discharged by the pupil out of his pay 
as a private soldier. After leaving this academy the 
young man was examined by the county board of Wood '•' 
County, for a license. A few days afterwards he re- 
ceived a communication from them which spoke in ■''''' 
flattering terms of his attainments, but informed him 
that he was too young to teach. This was a 
severe blow to his aspirations after his long struggle. 
He had no means for further pursuing his studies, and 
could not hope for further assistance from his father. 
He endeavored to content himself upon the farm, but 
every day brought greater discontent. He at last re- 
solved to offer his services lo his country in (he war for 

1 84 


[ -jth Dkt. 

the preservation of the Union, and, without the knowl- 
edge of his family, enlisted as a private in Company G 
of the 2ist Ohio Volunteers. He accompanied the reg- 
iment to Findlay, Ohio, but soon after his arrival there 
he was taken seriously ill with fever. He was conveyed 
by his comrades to a hotel, where he lay unconscious 
for several days. His father, learning of his illness, 
sent to him his older brother, who took him home. He 
was excused from returning, as he had not been mus- 
tered in. He remained at home, working for his father 
and the neighbors, until the next summer, when he en- 
listed again as a private, in Company K, llith Ohio 
Volunteers. A long march, made in the heat of sum- 
mer, again made him ill, and he was sent to the West 
End Hospital, Cincinnati, soon recovering. He rejoined 
his regiment at Louisville, Kentucky, and marched with 
them to Bowling Green. His next active service was 
during the raid of the Confederate tilorgan, in 1863. 
His regiment was stationed at Tompkinsville when 
Morgan, on the 4th of July, crossed the Cumberland. 
To escape capture, the Union forces marched, under a 
broiling sun, over hot sands, thirty miles without a halt, 
to Glasgow, whence they proceeded to the Ohio River. 
He remained with his regiment, a part of General M. 
D. Manson's command, on board transports, guarding 
the Ohio, to prevent ihe raiders from recrossing into 
Kentucky, until the capture of Morgan, when he was 
detailed, with others, to guard the prisoners to Indian- 
apolis. This was the first time he ever visited that 
city, which afterwards became, and still continues to 
be, his home. On his return to Cincinnati, he again 
fell dangerously ill, and when his regiment departed 
upon the campaign in Eastern Tennessee he was left 
lying on his blanket on the floor of the Cincinnati de- 
pot, burning with fever and racked with pain. A kind 
citizen took pity upon his helplessness and procured for 
him comfortable quarters, when he speedily recovered. 
This act of kindness, while it resulted in the restoration 
of his health, caused him to be arrested as a straggler, 
which could not have happened had he been left at a 
military hospital, where he might have been properly ac- 
counted for. He soon was able to elude the vigilance 
of his guards, and crossed over lo Kentucky, determined 
to make a desperate effort to rejoin his regiment, then 
at Cumlieiland Gap. With no transportation, he was 
obliged to make his way as be-^t he could. Driven by 
hunger, he applied for food at the invalid barracks at 
Camp Nelson, near Lexington, Kentucky, and was again 
arrested as a straggler. Having satisfied his craving 
for food and rested his weary feet, he managed, the 
same night, with a replenished havers.nck, to scale the 
fence within twenty feet of the sentinel on duty. The 
next day he fell in with a wagon train loaded with army 
stores, bound for Eastern Tennessee, and look p.issage 
with it as an educator of viild mules. In a few days he 

found himself raised to the position of assistant wagon 
master, and second in command of sixty wagons, about 
three hundred and fifty mules, and one hundred and 
twenty most profane mule-drivers. This situation he 
greatly enjoyed, with the novelt_y of plenty to eat without 
any diminution of hardship, but with an intermixture of 
fun and excitement sufficient to satisfy for the time his love 
of adventure. On arriving at Clinch River, three weeks 
later, he rode up to Colonel Kise, now residing at Leb- 
anon, Boone County, Indiana, and tendered his services 
in an engagement with guerrillas, who were momentarily 
expected. Colonel Kise, glancing at the ragged and 
soiled mule conductor and the haggard and dispirited 
mule which he bestrode, said: "Young man, if you 
know where you belong, you 'd better get there at 
once, or I '11 arrest you as a spy and bushwhacker, and 
have you shot." Not deriving much encouragement 
from this remark, the young and almost disconsolate 
adventurer beat a precipitate retreat to his mule brigade. 
After crossing Clinch River he learned that his regi- 
ment was at Knoxville. Becoming weary of the monot- 
ony of train life, he determined to find some more 
expeditious mode of travel ; and one beautiful morning, 
as daylight broke over the mountains, he might have 
been seen astride a splendid horse, careering over the 
hills and through the valleys on his way to Mossy 
Creek, tlie nearest railroad point, seventy miles away. 
His magnificent charger carried him safely to his desti- 
nation in eighteen hours, through a region infested with 
bushwhackers, who, if they had not mistaken him for 
one of their own kind, would have made him one of 
the "missing." He was too cautious to stop to feed 
his animal, which he left, jaded and foam-covered, 
standing in the street at Mos^y Creek, while he 
boarded a freight train passing in the direction of 
Knoxville. At Knoxville he learned that his regi- 
ment was at Loudon Bridge, where he arrived late 
the next evening, and was received by his comrades 
with uproarious demonstrations of gladness; and a 
bountiful repast of turkey, brought in by the for- 
agers that day, was spread in his honor. He found 
that he had been promoted during his absence to 
the office of sergeant. A few days after his arrival he 
w-as engaged in a severe contest with the enemy, his 
regiment being a poition of the rear-guard of Burnside's 
army, on its retreat to Knoxville before the pursuing 
forces of Longstreet. For the first time he was now a 
participant in a real engagement. He had been in sev- 
eral skirmishes, but he found it a new experience lo 
retreat with a whole brigade firing at him at short 
range. His back seemed broader than ever before. 
He was next engaged at Campbell's Station on the same 
retreat, the enemy, under Longstreet, formed in three 
lines of bnttle, following in plain view and close range 
the army of Burnsidc, which retired in order of battle. 

Ttk Disl.] 



with banners flying, while shot and shell fell like hail 
around them, and plowed great gaps through their 
ranks. Here he first saw General liurnside, standing 
beside a camp-fire made of lails, calmly surveying his 
retreating hosts. They arrived at Knoxville the next 
morning at daybreak, having had no sleep for three 
nights except occasional naps of a few minutes. He 
was present at the siege at Knoxville. He was on the 
picket line the night the fierce charge was made by the 
enemy on Fort Saunders, anil retreated within the fort, 
and there witnessed the terrible slaughter which ensued 
in the ditches surrounding it. During this siege, and 
in the Dandridge campaign, he was in charge of many 
scouting parties. In the spring of 1864 his regiment 
joined's army on the "march to the sea," 
proceeding for that purpose by a long and toilsome 
march from Knoxville to Buzzard's Roost, Georgia. 
They were engaged in the attempt to storm the rebel 
works at that place, but were obliged to retreat to avoid 
capture. Then commenced a series of battles. Almost 
every day and night they were fighting, the most nota- 
ble engagement being the battle of Resaca. His regi- 
ment was in the Second Brigade, Second Division, 
Twenty-third Army Corps, which suffered more than 
any other brigade engaged in that conflict. He received 
a wound in his right shoulder from a piece of shell, not 
severe enough, however, to cause him to retire to the 
rear till he had seen the rebel stronghold in the pos- 
session of its assailants. Soon afterward, in the Altoona 
Mountains, a ball from an enemy passed tlirough his 
canteen hanging upon his hip, and another lodged in 
his blanket rolled up and thrown across his shoulders. 
Fighting their way step by step, the Union army arrived 
before Kenesaw Mountain. Here, on the 27th of June, 
1864, he received two wounds from Minie-balls, one of 
them striking him on the inside of the left thigh and 
ranging upward, and lodging under the skin near the 
hip joint, slightly fracturing the thighbone; the other 
striking him after he fell, entered his right leg on the 
inside, a little below the knee, and made a very pain- 
ful, though not a dangerous, wound. The wound first 
received was pronounced a mortal one by the surgeon 
of the regiment, who extracted the ball. The wounded 
man was carried back to the division hospital, where he 
remained till toward morning, when he was placed in 
an ambulance and carried over a very rough road, seven 
miles, to Big Shanty, suffering greatly from the pain 
and loss of blood occasioned by the jolting of the am- 
bulance. The rebel batteries on the crest of Kenesaw 
Mountain belched forth their iron missiles during the 
entire journey, one of thenv carrying away a part of the 
hand of a hospital steward — the only medical attendant 
with the ambulance train. At Big Shanty he was placed 
upon the ground in an open field, with many hundreds 
of wounded men. In the morning Sergeant Russ was 

placed, with ten other wounded men, in a stock car, 
in which, after two days and a night, they arrived at 
Chattanooga. During all this time their wounds re- 
ceived no attention, and what with the heart-rending 
groans and lamentations of the wounded, the intoler- 
able heat of the close freight car, their burning thirsi, 
the incessant jolting, and the swarms of flies which in- 
fested their narrow quarters, and in battling with which 
they exhausted their strength, their situation was one 
of extreme suff'ering and peril. Death came to the re- 
lief of three of the occupants of our heroic soldier's 
car, and their corpses lay with the wounded to the end 
of the terrible journey. At Chattanooga he remained 
four months, receiving the kindest attention from sur- 
geons and nurses. All this time he was in a hospital 
tent, which once, during a thunder-storm, was struck 
by lightning, and the nurse who was his immediate at- 
tendant, and who had most kindly administered to his 
wants, fell dead across the bunk of the wounded man. 
The shock which he himself received from the lightning 
stroke, together with the loss of this kind attendant, 
came near being fatal to him. He now came near losing 
his hitherto almost unconquerable courage ; for, in ad- 
dition to the appalling death of his attendant, and 
the shock which his nervous system received, it was 
immediately discovered that in one of his wounds 
gangrene — the terror of the wounded soldier — had 
set in. His fortitude and indomitable pluck and 
heroism nearly forsook him. He was transferred to 
what was known as the "Gangrene Tent," where 
the surgeon's knife was applied to stay the dread 
disease. He had seen many carried thither, but none 
of them had returned. He, therefore, felt, as he 
went, that he was being taken to his death. He gave 
what little money he possessed to the surgeon, with 
instructions where to send it. But, contrary to his ex- 
pectations, he withstood the loss of blood sustained 
under the surgeon's knife, and the baneful effects of the 
chloroform administered, and in a few days, amid the 
cheers of his wounded comrades, he was received back to 
his old quarters. Having at length regained sufficient 
strength, he was conveyed to Nashville and placed in a 
church used as a hospital. Though in better quarters 
than those to which he had been accustomed, he re- 
ceived such heartless treatment from surgeons and at- 
tendants that he implored to be sent on toward the 
North, and, after remaining there one week, he was sent 
on a hospital train to Louisville. Here he remained 
about ten days, gradually regaining his strength. A 
kind lady presented him a pair of crutches, and for the 
first time — this being in November, 1864 — since he was 
wounded, he attempted, with the aid of these crutches 
and their fair donor, to walk. He, however, found 
himself still too weak to move more than a few steps 
without halting to rest. The next day he was sent to 

1 86 


[ yth Dist. 

Camp Dennison, Ohio, where he remained till the 
end of the war. While here he received several com- 
munications from the colonel of his regiment, informing 
him that there were vacancies in the regiment, and that 
he would procure him a commission upon his return. 
The muscles of his left leg were contracted by his 
wound, and, until after the close of the war, he was 
rendered incapable of using his left foot in walking, 
and he was therefore unable to accept the offer. He 
was commended by the military committee of his 
county for promotion for meritorious services, and re- 
ceived notice from Governor Brough to report to him at 
Columbus, which he did, entering the Governor's pres- 
ence upon crutches. The Governor received him kindly, 
and tendered him a major's commission, but at the same 
time advising him to decline it upon learning the con- 
dition of his wounds. At Camp Dennison he was ap- 
pointed ordnance officer, as which he continued to 
serve until the war was ended, refusing a discharge 
till his term of service should expire or the war cease. 
While here, having much leisure and a probability of re- 
maining a cripple, he resumed his studies, making con- 
siderable advancement. At the close of the war he 
returned to his home, to be greeted with an appoint- 
ment as marshal of a procession on the 4th of July, 1865. 
After a short rest among his friends, he entered into 
business, in which he was unsuccessful, losing nearly all 
he had saved out of his pay as a soldier. He made his 
way to Cincinnati, with a view of seeking employment, 
but was unable to obtain a position. In November, 
1865, finding his funds reduced to ten dollars, he deter- 
mined to go to the country and find work. Purchasing 
a ticket to Morris, Ripley County, Indiana, he at once 
obtained employment there at chopping cord wood, at 
which he continued for six weeks, when he was chosen 
to teach the Morris school. He conducted it for three 
months, when he was selected to teach the school at 
I'ennsylvaniaburg, at an increased compensation. Re- 
maining here for one term, he went, in the fall of 1866, 
to Missouri, but with an engagement to return to 
marry a young lady. On his arrival at Missouri he at 
once commenced teaching at Fair Grove school-house, 
Buchanan County, where he continued for six months, 
lie relinquished this position to accept a professorship 
in the Plattsburg College, at Plattsburg, Missouri, at 
which institution ho remained till January, 1868, when 
he returned to Morris. When he was a professor in 
this college, and being occupied only four hours each 
d.iy in hearing recitations, at three dollars per day, 
he received two dollars and a half for the remainder 
of his time as deputy circuit clerk and recorder — 
making five dollars and a half per day from all 
sources. He was married to Miss Emma Tron, on 
the 1st of January, 1S68, by Archbishop Purcell, 
at the Cathedral, Cincinnati. Tic was expected to 

return to Plattsburg College after his marriage, but 
his health being greatly impaired by hard study, he 
permitted his friends to prevail on him to remain in 
Ripley County, and for a time he served as a clerk in a 
store at Morris. In May, 1868, he removed to Ver- 
sailles, the county seat of Ripley County, to accept the 
position of deputy auditor of the county. In 1869 he 
was appointed county superintendent of schools, and 
was also appointed special agent of the y^itna Fire In- 
surance Company, which positions he continued to hold 
until he was elected sheriff, for which, in the summer of 
1870, he was nominated by acclammation by the Re- 
publican county convention. His opponent was O. P. 
McCuIlough, a very i)opuIar gentleman, who was a can- 
didate for re-election. After a canvass lasting four 
months. General Russ was elected by a handsome ma- 
jority, though the county went Democratic on the slate 
ticket by two hundred majority. At the end of his 
term he declined a renomination. At the district con- 
vention at Vernon, in 1872, he was tendered the nom- 
ination for Representative in the General Assembly for 
the counties of Ripley and Jefterson, but declined, hav- 
ing determined to go to Texas, whither he went in the 
fall, remaining there, engaged in shipping hay, till the 
spring of 1 873. He then returned to Indiana, locating 
in Indianapolis, his home since that time. Here he en- 
gaged in the real estate and brokerage business, em- 
barking, also, in other large and profitable enterprises, 
and has been very successful, having accumulated a 
fortune closely approximating, if not exceeding, one 
hundred thousand dollars. During his speculations of 
this period he owned and managed several large farms, 
a one-half interest in a cattle rancbe, a dry-goods and 
notion store, a wood-yard, a lumber-yard, and owned 
the Pimento coal shaft, located in Vigo County, In- 
diana. In 1875 h^ again took some interest in politics, 
and, being dissatisfied with the administration of Pres- 
ident Grant, joined the Independent Greenback party, 
and at the state convention was elected chairman of 
the state central committee of that party. Soon after- 
wards, being convinced that the leaders of the party 
were about to sell out to the Republicans, he wrote a 
communication to the Indianapolis Sentinel, in which he 
exposed their conduct with characteristic frankness. 
He was elected colonel of the regiment of the Tilden 
and Hendricks Guards of Indianapolis. Soon after- 
wards, a brigade having been formed, he was elected 
brigadier-general, in which capacity he served during 
the campaign of 1876, succeeding so well in the man- 
agement of the brigade, and exhibiting so much knowl- 
edge of military affairs, that at the end of the contest, 
which resulted in the election of Governor Williams, he 
was strongly recommended to the Governor for appoint- 
ment to the office of adjutant-general of the stale, which 
he received on the I4lh of Fel)ruary, 1877. He found. 

jth Disl.\ 



upon entering on the duties of this o'ffice, that it had 
greatly run down since the war, and he immediately set 
about restoring its usefulness and importance. In a 
short time he " brought order out of chaos," and the 
office is now in prime order. After systematizing the 
affairs of the office, he turned his attention to the or- 
ganization of an efficient military force, which he soon 
accomplished. At the time of receiving his appoint- 
ment as adjutant-general there was not a militia com- 
pany in the state. In a short time he had organized a 
number of companies in various localities, and placed 
arms in their hands. Some of these companies, through 
his influence, procured for themselves costly uniforms 
and equipments, and entered with zeal upon the duties 
necessary to prepare themselves for efficient service when 
called upon. He received from Governor Williams, in 
his message to the General Assembly, warm commen- 
dations for the manner in which he had discharged the 
duties of his office during the railroad strike of 1877, 
and the subsequent troubles with the Fountain County 
coal miners. The General Assembly of 1879 recognized 
his valuable services by increasing the salary of his 
office. General Russ is a member of the Masonic Fra- 
ternity, being connected with Center Lodge, of Indian- 
apolis. He is also a member of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, and attached to Occidental Lodge, 
of Indianapolis, of which lodge he served two terms as 
Master, and was Grand Marslial at (he last meeting of 
that order in that city. The reader of the foregoing 
sketch need not be informed that General Russ is a man 
of great energy and unusually high order of business 
talents. His good fortune has not come to him by ac- 
cident, but through his untiring perseverance, industry, 
great energy, tact, shrewdness, and undeviating integ- 
rity. He is also greatly indebted for his success in life 
to his frank and manly demeanor and great kindness of 
heart. He has hosts of warm, stanch friends wherever 
he is known. He has always had the happy faculty of 
making them and keeping them. One can not be in 
his presence without feeling the effects of his magnetic 
influence. Through toil, poverty, and disappointments, 
which would have quite discouraged most men, he has 
cheerfully struggled to an honorable and useful man- 
hood. He was a brave and gallant soldier, and attested 
his devotion to his country by pouring out his blood for 
it upon the field of battle, and by sufferings which can 
not be adequately described. He well deserves the 
high esteem in which he is held by his fellow-citizens. 
He is still a young man, and has the prospect of many 
years of usefulness and honor. In every position in which 
he has been placed he has filled the duties with care, 
watchfulness, and zeal. No labor or exertion has been 
too great to cause him to turn aside from a cherished 
end or from a result that ought to be obtained. He is 
a successful man. 

f^'ALSBURY, HENRY, president of the Salsbury & 
S\ Vinton Paper Company, Indianapolis, was born at 
MT( Long Meadow, near Springfield, Massachusetts, 
@ November 22, 1S20, and is the son of Burgess and 
Chloe (West) Salsbury. His father's family was origi- 
nally from the state of Rhode Island, and was of En- 
glish descent, as was his mother's. The elder Mr. Sals- 
bury was a farmer and stone contractor, and Henry 
Salsbury was intended by his father for a farmer's life 
and the trade of stone-cutter; but in youth his health 
was precarious, and he proved unequal to the hard work 
incidental to those avocations. He had very early in 
life developed a very decided talent for music, and the 
bent of his inclination in that direction was fostered 
and encouraged, until he succeeded in obtaining a fin- 
ished musical education, which fitted him for the posi- 
tion of teacher of that art. His general education was 
obtained in the academies and select schools of the day, 
and his subsequent career has proved that he was very 
early imbued with that spirit of business enterprise and 
activity which we are apt to consider characteristic of 
the Eastern man. While acquiring his musical educa- 
tion, Mr. Salsbury was for some time the pupil in sing- 
ing of Lowell Mason, the greatest teacher in that line in 
America in the first half of the present century. When 
nineteen years of age he left his native state and went 
to Richmond, Virginia, where he found employment for 
several years as a teacher of vocal and instrumental 
music. Here he had ample opportunity for observing 
the workings of the growing curse of slavery, and his 
natural antipathy to the institution was intensified to 
the highest degree by the scenes which he had wit- 
nessed in the future Confederate capital. Human be- 
ings chained together in droves like cattle, sold at the 
block as chattels, and driven by the lash, were frequent 
sights in those days; and, like all men in whom the 
greed of gain or partisan malignity has not driven out 
humanity, Mr. Salsbury rejoices that slavery is a thing 
of the past. After a residence of five or six years in 
Richmond, he returned to his native state and went 
into mercantile business at Springfield, where he con- 
ducted a successful trade for five years. He then sold 
out, and hired a mill in the little village of Williman- 
sett, on the Connecticut River, where he carried on the 
manufacture of woolen goods, and, by hard work and 
close attention to every detail, was highly successful, 
soon becoming the sole owner of the mill and prosper- 
ous business. His health having become impaired from 
overwork, he sold out his mill in 1857, and the ensuing 
two years took a much needed rest from active occupa- 
tion. Having recovered his usual health, Mr. Salsbury 
again went into active business, and bought out a paper 
stock establishment, which, in a couple of years led him 
into the manufacture of paper, which he carried on in 
the town of South Hadley until l86g, when he disposed 


[ylh Bis/. 

of it and came to Indianapolis. The manufacture of 
paper was at that time in the zenith of its prosperity, 
and Mr. Salsbury was induced to try his fortune in the 
West, in which paper-md!s were few and far between, 
by the certainty that a profitable field was open. Mr. 
Vinton, a cousin of Mrs. Salsbury, had for some time 
been in Indianapolis, and Mr. Salsbury bought an in- 
terest in the mill with him, which is still operated un- 
der his management. The original firm was known as 
II. Salsbury & Co., .Mr. Salsbury managing the business, 
and Messrs. McLenc, Talbot, and Vinton being his part- 
ners. In 1870 Mr. Vinton died, leaving his interest to 
his son Merrick. The next year Mr. Talbot died. His 
interest was bought out by M. E. Vinton, and the business 
was conducted under the name of Salsbury, Vinton & 
Co. until 1S7S, when it was merged into a stock com- 
pany, under the name of the Salsbury & Vinton Paper 
Company. Mr. Salsbury is the sole manager and super- 
intendent and president of the company. The mill has 
a capacity of five to six thousand pounds per day, and 
turns out the finest quality of book and news paper, and 
its business reaches over every portion of the great 
West. Its trade extends completely through to San 
Francisco, along the line of the Union Pacific, and sup- 
plies have been shipped to Leadville and other new 
mining towns in Colorado. From sixty to seventy-five 
hands are regularly employed about the mill and in the 
handling of paper stock ; and, although in the hard 
times through which the country has recently passed 
paper-making suffered as well as other industries, the 
mill has been so managed that it has never failed to 
pay a dividend, and is now in an exceedingly prosper- 
ous condition. Mr. Salsbury gives his close personal 
attention to every detail of the management, and his 
prudent and careful control insures its continued pros- 
perity. Mr. Salsbury was married, in 1848, to Miss 
Kmily Stebbins. She died in June 1852, leaving a little 
girl six months old, who died the following September. 
In 1S54 .Mr. Salsbury was united to Miss Jane Stebbins, 
a younger sister of his deceased wife. Mrs. Salsbury still 
survives, after having accompanied her husband on the 
journey of life for twenty-seven years. She has been 
in all things a devoted helpmate to her worthy hus- 
liand. Mr. Salsbury's political afl'diations can be readily 
gathered from the sketch of his early history. While 
the Whig party was a factor in the politics of the 
country it received his sympathy and support, and when 
it was merged into the Republican party he gave his 
hearty support to the latter. He has never held or 
sought office of any kind. He was brought up in 
the Congregational Church, and is now a regular at- 
tendant at the First Presbyterian Church of Indian- 
apolis. In addition to the business interests named, 
Mr. Salsbury has been interested in various enterprises, 
viiih as cotton mills an<l other industries. He has the 

reputation of being a shrewd, careful, methodical busi- 
ness man, quiet and unpretentious in his manner, do- 
mestic in his habits, and his character and standing as a 
financial manager and good citizen are above reproach. 

]^CHMUCK, GABRIEL, was born in Sobernheim, 
fc)^ Rhenish Prussia, June 13, 1833. His parents were 
@^ Adam Schmuck and Elizabetha, tile Klein, who 
■0 came to the United States with their. family in 
February, 1848. In April of that year they decided 
upon Pittsburgh as a place of residence, and remained 
there until June, 1850, at which time they removed to 
Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, a place they have 
since made their home. Gabriel received his education 
at the common and high school of his native town in 
Germany. During the residence of his father's family 
in Pittsburgh, Gabriel was apprenticed to Messrs. Scribe 
& Neff, of Alleghany City, with the intention of becom- 
ing a practical printer. This employment did not prove 
at all suited to his tastes; so, at the end of one year, 
he was released. At Cannelton Gabriel made himself 
useful to his father in various ways; and, as the family 
was large and without fortune, the early discipline of 
those years, devoted as they were to habits of industry 
and usefulness, served to mature his character, and 
to strengthen those qualities that have since made him 
prominent, not only in his own community, but in the 
affairs of the state. Even as a youth he had none of 
that false pride that prevented him from pursuing any 
kind of labor or business that was honest and legitimate. 
But a young man of his capabilities is seldom obliged to 
labor with his hands, and he was invited to responsible 
and agreeable positions in mercantile and manufactur- 
ing establishments. As he grew older, Gabriel's desire 
to travel became irresistible, and, with that spirit of ad- 
venture inseparable from a vigorous and intelligent or- 
ganization, he left his home in Cannelton, determined 
to see what fortune had in store for him. It was nec- 
essary for him to earn the money he spent ; so he 
worked temporarily in many of the cities of the South 
and W'est. In this way he not only satisfied his taste 
for travel, but added largely to his experience, and in- 
creased those resources which have since been often 
drawn upon by the requirements of the public stations 
to which he has been called, and which he has always 
filled with distinguished merit. But there comes a 
time in every man's life when the desire for a perma>. 
nent home is masterful. So, after several years of this 
roving career, Mr. Schmuck returned to Cannelton, and 
there established himself. On December 24, 1861, he 
was married to Miss Mary F. Saunders, the adopted 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Talbot. His union 
has been a most happy and forlunate one in every par- 

/^urv Q/^d^ 


fih Di's/.] 


ticular. Of seven children born to them, four are still 
living. During his absence Co.nnclton had improved in 
population, and had developed considerable manufactur- 
ing interests, and with these Mr. Schmuck soon became 
identified. He encouraged and aided to the extent of 
his ability all industrial, mechanical, and social enter- 
prises that were from time to time undertaken there. 
Among other evidences of his public spirit is a large 
grist-mill, known as the '* Superior Mills," and still 
owned by him. In 1859 Mr. Schmuck was drawn from 
private life and elected recorder of Perry County, an 
office which he held from March 10, i860, for four 
years. Before his term as recorder had expired he was 
nominated and elected clerk of the Circuit Court of the 
same county, and subsequently was re-elected, holding 
that office from March 10, 1S64, to March 10, 1872. In 
the fall of the latter year he was elected a Representa- 
tive to the Legislature of 1S72 and 1873. This was an 
important session, and Mr. Schmuck soon took a posi- 
tion among the foremost members of the House. Among 
other measures prominent in the Legislature of that 
session was the memorable "Baxter liill," which he op- 
posed with all the power he could command. The law 
to guarantee protection to the health and lives of 
miners he defended and supported so ably as to bring 
him into very favorable notice among the people of the 
entire state. That Mr. Schmuck has the confidence of 
the business community where he has been best known 
is shown in the fact that in the fall of 1873 he was 
solicited by the most influential citizens of Tell City, 
Perry County, to take charge of the Tell City Bank, 
which had been stricken by the panic of that year, and 
shared the danger that threatened other organizations 
of the kind all over the country. He felt it his duty to 
accept tlie responsibility, difficult as the duties were, and 
he had the satisfaction of carrying the business of the bank 
successfully through the crisis. About that time the pub- 
lic schools of Tell City, from a variety of causes, were 
lacking in efiiciency, and Mr. Schmuck, on account of 
his executive ability, was urged to accept a position on 
the board of school trustees. Appreciating the great 
value of free schools to any community, he devoted his 
best efforts to remodeling them upon a higher basis. 
To accomplish this end required tact, as well as energy 
and intelligence, and it soon became evident that he 
and his associates of the board had succeeded in giving 
,to the schools of that flourishing town a reputation 
that they had never before enjoyed. They are now 
among the best in the state, an ornament to the town, 
and the just pride of its citizens. After a year's resi- 
dence in Tell City, Mr. Schmuck resigned his position 
as cashier of the bank, and returned to Cannellon, in 
order to give closer attention to his individual interests. 
His reputation having now extended beyond the limits 
of his county, and his ability and character being so 

well proved by his public services, it required but little 
elTort on the part of his friends to secure for him the 
nomination for clerk of the Supreme Court of Indiana. 
In 1876 the Democratic State Convention chose him as 
its candidate for that high and responsible office, and, 
with the rest of the ticket, which his name did so much 
to strengthen, he was triumphantly elected. While not 
attached to any sect or creed, Mr. Schmuck is a be- 
liever in religion in its broadest and most liberal ac- 
ceptation. In politics he is a Democrat. He belongs 
to that class of men who believe that religion is a mat- 
ter of conscience, and therefore should not be interfered 
with, and that politics is a matter of principle, in which 
men may honestly differ. There is nothing intolerant 
in his nature. His tastes are refined. In manner he is 
affable, with sympathies that express themselves in 
kindness to associates, and charities where they are 
needed. He is appreciative of what is noble in men 
and grand in nature. Socially, he is a charming com- 
panion, vivacious, intelligent, and genial. Physically, 
he is finely proportioned, vigorous in action, with a 
large and well-formed head and a frank and manly 
countenance. In his present position he has widely ex- 
tended his circle of personal as well as political friends. 
It is not too much to say of him that no man in In- 
diana enjoys a greater degree of popularity, and, as he 
is still in the prime of life, we may look for him to 
receive further honors, although he could well afibrd to 
rest on the laurels he has already earned. It is need- 
less to say his abilities are equal to them. 

fr^ HIDELER, D. B., Indiana manager of the Equi- 
iT'ii^' table Life Assurance Society of the United States, 
was born on a farm in Grant County, Indiana, 
January 15. 1838. His parents were Aaron and 
Hannah (Jones) Shideler. His father was a native of 
Pennsylvania, but at an early day lived in Miami 
County, Ohio, and in 1833 settled in Grant County, In- 
diana. Mr. Shideler is of German descent on his 
father's side, and his maternal ancestry claimed the 
Emerald Isle as their birthplace. Until he attained his 
majority young Shideler alternated farm work in the 
summer season with attendance at the country schools 
in winter. With the exception of the ordinary school 
training acquired at the district schools in his native 
county, Mr. Shideler is entirely self-educated, but few 
men who have enjoyed the advantages of a collegiate 
course are better informed on general topics than he is. 
In early life his inclinations were for mechanical pur- 
suits, and he was apprenticed to learn the blacksmith's 
trade, at which he continued for five years. In 1864, in 
partnership with his brother, J. W. Shideler, he began 
merchandising in the town of Jonesboro. This connec- 



[ Jth Dist. 

tion continued for five years, when he withdrew from 
the store. During the last four years of his experience 
as a merchant, he also devoted some time to local in- 
surance matters in his town, and, developing a marked 
adaptability for the business, for which he displayed a 
rare tact, he determined to devote his entire time to its 
prosecution. Very soon after the dissolution of partner- 
ship with his brother, Mr. Shideler located in Muncie, 
Indiana, where he was appointed to an agency for the 
New York Life Insurance Company. Here he remained 
one year, when he removed to the city of Indianapolis 
and accepted the state superintendency of the Union 
Central Life Insurance Company, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 
He held this place until August I, 1875, when he re- 
signed to take charge of the Indiana department of the 
Equitable Life Assurance Society, of New York, a posi- 
tion he still holds. No man in the state is better 
known in insurance circles than Mr. Shideler, and his 
reputation as a man of sterling worth and unimpeach- 
able integrity is of the highest order. His connection 
with various orders and societies, in which he has been 
elected to high official positions, has made his name 
familiar to people in all parts of the West. He has 
been a member of the Independent Order of Odd-fel- 
lows since September 10, 1863. In May, 1865, he was 
admitted to the Grand Lodge of Indiana; in Novem- 
ber, 1872, was elected Grand Warden, and in Novem- 
ber, 1S73, Deputy Grand Master. In the year 1874 
he was elected to the position of Grand Master. 
He was elected representative from Indiana to the 
Grand Lodge of the United States at Philadelphia in 
1876, and at Baltimore in 1877. He has been a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Fraternity since 1865, having joined 
the order in Jonesboro, Indiana. He was also a char- 
ter member of the Welcome Lodge, No. 37 Knights 
of Pythias, of Muncie, and was admitted to the Grand 
Lodge in 1874; was elected Grand Prelate in 1876, and 
July I, 1877, was appointed Grand Keeper of Records 
and Seal, and has been continuously re-elected to that 
position ever since. Mr. Shideler's politics have always 
been of the Republican stripe, and his Church affilia- 
tions have been with the Methodists. He has been 
three times married: September 4, 1856, to Miss Re- 
becca A. Greer, of Grant County, Indiana; November 
2, 1862, to Miss Sarah J. Eviston, of the same county. 
His last marriage occurred on January, 24, 1878, to Miss 
Mary L. Moore, daughter of Edward and Lueinda 
Moore, of Franklin, Indiana. Mr. Shideler's family 
consists of two sons, J. E. and George A. H. Shideler. 
The former, who acts as his father's cashier and book- 
keeper, is considered a young man of high promise, and 
in business tact and energy bids fair to yet occupy a 
foremost position among the business men of the state. 
In personal appearance Mr. Sh'deler is a gentleman of 
portly build, of the proporlions popularly known as 

aldermanic. As a business man of integrity and worth, 
and a public-spirited citizen, he is universally popular 
and respected. 

=^Ki»t»' — 

^^) the county of Perry, Indiana, April 8, 1826, and is 
fe>i therefore fifty-four years of age. He is tall, being 
^kj six feet in height, of sinewy frame, well propor- 
tioned and well preserved, bidding fair to maintain his 
mental and physical vigor until he reaches the allotted 
age of threescore and ten years. His father, John 
Shoemaker, was a native of Pennsylvania, and of Ger- 
man e.xtraction ; and his mother, Sarah {ii'ee Chapman), 
was a native of New York, and of English lineage. 
Whatever may be said of ancestry, and it must be con- 
fessed that it exerts a potent influence upon physical 
and mental organisms, it will be admitted that in seek- 
ing for the elements of success and in tracing' intellectual 
endowments to their ancestral source, no better blend- 
ing of blood could be found than of the German and 
the English people. It is noted for tenacity of purpose, 
courage, and fortitude, and for indefatigable effort in 
all the affairs of life, and from no ancestral trees have 
sprung a greater number of self-made men. Those who 
have studied the growth and development of self-made 
men have found incidents in their boyhood life foreshad- 
owing their future success, and Mr. Shoemaker's juvenile 
record is not an exception to the rule. When a mere 
lad, bashful and retiring, an incident occurred which 
illustrates an element of character always found prom- 
inently developed in men who have made headway 
while relying upon themselves. The officers of a Sun- 
day-school in which young Shoemaker was a pupil 
offered as a prize to the scholar who should commit to 
memory and recite the largest number of verses of the 
New Testament within a specified time a handsome 
Bible. On the next Sunday a boy who was thought to 
be a prodigy, and who was expected to bear off the 
prize, recited four chapters. The village was full of 
his praise, and all were unanimous that tlie prize had 
been won at one bound. This was disheartening to 
most of the other boys of the school, and all effort to 
win the Bible ceased. Not so with young Shoemaker; 
he quietly made up his mind to take that Bible. He 
did not boast, no one knew of his determination ; but 
he went to work, and when the school again assembled 
he presented himself for a trial with his competitor. He 
recited nine chapters of the Bible. He astonished the 
people, utterly discomfited his rival, and bore off the 
prize, which he still retains. On another occasion, 
when only eleven years of age, the boy had been prom- 
ised to accompany his mother on a visit to relatives 
residing at a distance in an adjoining state; but from 
some cause he was left behind. The disappointment 

jyu A^^ 

7lh Dist.\ 



was most grievous. The boy's grief was so manifest 
that his father said to him, "If you will follow your 
mother by yourself, I will let you go." The proposition 
was at once accepted. The distance was several hundred 
miles. A steamboat came along, the boy was placed 
on board, arriving at the place of debarkment on the 
river at an early hour in the morning. He learned the 
direction to the town in the interior, some sixteen 
miles distant, .ind by twelve o'clock had joined his 
mother. Such incidents evince self-reliance, so neces- 
sary to success, and, when displayed in youth, point 
to success in future life. The father of the subject of 
this sketch was a farmer. The son adopted the same vo- 
cation, and until 1870, when he became a citizen of In- 
dianapolis, was prominently identified with the agricul- 
tural interests of his native county and of the state. 
He devoted much attention to fruit culture, and became 
justly distinguished as one of the leadhig pomologists 
of the West, having planted in his native county one 
• of the largest fruit farms of the state. On the 13th of 
October, 1850, he was married to Mahala Stephenson, 
daughter of Judge John Stephenson, one of the earliest 
settlers of Perry County, a native Virginian, who first 
emigrated to Kentucky and later to Indiana, where he 
was justly regarded as one of the most influential citi- 
zens of the county. There have been born to Mr. Shoe- 
maker seven children, four of whom are living. The 
eldest, Mary Virginia, born November 24, 1851, is the 
wife of Mr. J. C. Straughan, and resides in Fort 
Wayne, Indiana; Emma Ann, born October 12, 1855, 
is the wife of Mr. George C. Pearson, residing in In- 
dianapolis ; Charles Francis and Jesse Theodore, twins, 
were born February 25, 1866. They are sprightly lads 
of fourteen years, and are students of St. Minard Col- 
lege. During the period of Mr. Shoemaker's school 
years. Perry County, like many other portions of the 
state, was sadly deficient in educational facilities, and 
he enjoyed only such opportunities to obtain an educa- 
tion as were afforded by the common subscription 
schools. These were not neglected, and by dint of 
close application, which induced studious habits, an 
education was obtained which fully equipped the boy 
for high positions of public trust in early manhood. 
In 1847, when Mr. Shoemaker was only twenty-one 
years of age, he was elected treasurer of Perry County, 
an office, then as now, which demands not only first- 
class business habits, but an integrity so sturdy as to be 
universally recognized by the best citizens of the county. 
In the cap.acity of couqty treasurer Mr. Shoemaker 
served six years. At the close of his official term as 
treasurer, 1853, he was elected auditor of the county, 
serving four years. During his ten years' service as 
treasurer and auditor he became practically familiar 
with the entire routine of county business. Being emi- 
nently practical, a close observer, and a diligent student. 

he was able to discover the defects in the statutes relat- 
ing to county and township affairs, which, at a later day, 
he was in a position to point out and remedy. Up to 
1854 Mr. Shoemaker had been a Whig, but, when the 
old party disbanded and the fanatical wave of Know- 
Nothlngism swept over the land, he, like thousands of 
others, became a Democrat, and has continued since 
that time an influential member of the Democratic 
party, and his distinguished services to the state as 
legislator and state auditor have been rendered since 
the disbandment of the old Whig party. In the year 
1858, when Mr. Shoemaker was thirty-two years of age, 
he was elected state Senator for the district composed of 
the counties of Perry, Spencer, and Warrick. The 
nominating convention was held in Rockport, Spencer 
County, and was attended with some of those in- 
felicities of deliberation which occasionally appear in 
the best regulated parties. Hon. David T. Laird, a 
gentleman prominent at that time, and since, in the 
political affairs of those sections of the state, was Mr. 
Shoemaker's opponent, bringing to his aid large 
capacities as a platform orator, a department of political 
affairs in which Mr. Shoemaker never made any pre- 
tensions. The contest was vigorous, but resulted in the 
success of Mr. Shoemaker, and aside from all partisan 
or peisonal considerations, regarding only the welfare 
of the state, the triumph of Mr. Shoemaker may be re- 
garded in the light of a public benefaction. As a state 
Senator, he was able to impress his views upon the 
statutes of the state in matters of the highest impor- 
tance, and in this regard it would be difficult to name 
his peer. Mr. Shoemaker is a thinker rather than an 
orator — indeed, he makes no pretensions to oratory; 
never ornate, he is always utilitarian. He deals with 
the surface only to find the fundamental right or wrong. 
He disregards fringe, devoting his attention to the 
fabric; caring little for the ornamental, he seeks for the 
substantial ; and these elements of character and habits 
of thought were never of more service to the state than 
when brought to bear upon the entire frame-work of 
legislation relating to township affairs, and the laws ap- 
pertaining to placing descriptions of land upon tax 
duplicates ; dispensing with separate columns for the 
different taxes. Under the old rfgime, the affairs of 
townships were managed by a board of three trustees, 
a secretary and a treasurer. This gave for the entire 
state about four thousand five hundred township of- 
ficials. This cumbersome and necessarily complicated 
machinery, resulting in inefficiency and friction, was, by 
bills introduced by Mr. Shoemaker, abandoned, and in 
its stead the affairs of townships were placed under the 
control of one trustee, who acts as secretary and treas- 
urer; an army of three thousand five hundred township 
officials was at once dispensed wTth, and township busi- 
ness has not suffered by the change. Indeed, no legis- 



\-jth Dist. 

lator of any party would risk his reputation in recom- 
mending the re-establishment of the old system. In 
the matter of condensing taxes upon the books of 
county auditors, the recommendations of Mr. Shoe- 
maker illustrate his practical views; instead of having 
columns for each specified tax, requiring large books 
and immense labor, the whole tax is stated in one 
column, and then, by a simple arithmetical process, the 
amount due each separate fund is apportioned. This 
change has resulted in a saving to the state of thousands 
of dollars in the items of land assessment books and tax 
duplicates, and the saving of labor to county auditors 
in the aggregate can hardly be estimated. Such things 
illustrate an important element in Mr. Shoemaker's 
business character — close attention to details, the correc- 
tion of what appear as small errors, but which in their 
influence upon public affairs are apt to develop into 
serious inconveniences, if not flagrant wrongs. It is 
not a difficult matter to generalize, but in the serious 
affairs of life, public or private, the demand for close 
attention to details is always important; no amount 
of glitter atones for a lack of close investigation, 
severe scrutiny, and thorough analysis. Such work 
always demands unwearying patience, unbending fidel- 
ity, with capacities to apply the remedy when the defect 
is found. As a legislator, few men have held seats in 
the Senate of Indiana who have developed larger re- 
sources for usefulness than Mr. Shoemaker ; for, though 
more than two decades of years have passed since he 
offered the measures remodeling the system of township 
laws, they remain practically unchanged upon the 
statute-books of the state. In the year 1S6S Mr. Shoe- 
maker was elected a member of the Lower House of 
the Legislature, in which body he again brought into 
prominence the .same practical views of legislation that 
so eminently distinguished him while a member of the 
Senate. During his term as Senator in 1861, regular 
and special sessions of the Senate, the excitement pecul- 
iar to the time reached every legislative body in the 
land. Party feeling ran high. The great rebellion was 
taking shape, and hourly growing in its alarming pro- 
portions. It was a time for testing any man by his 
acts, his words, and his votes. But Mr. Shoemaker 
was then equal to the occasion and its demand. Every 
act and vote was for the preservation of the Union at 
all hazards, as the records show. In the year 1870 Mr. 
Shoemaker was nominated and elected Auditor of State, 
receiving in the nominating convention the solid vote of 
the delegates of the First and Second Congressional Dis- 
tricts, in which, as Senator and Representative, he had 
been specially identified. The office of Auditor of State is 
one scarcely second in importance to that of Governor ; 
for, in matters pertaining to the fiscal affairs of the 
state, the statute makes it his duty to "suggest plans 
for the improvement and management of the public 

revenues, funds, and incomes," a duty that was per- 
formed by Mr. Shoemaker in such a way as to attract 
wide attention, and give him a position in the front 
rank of the practical financiers of the country. In this 
connection, it is proper to remark that when Mr. Shoe- 
maker entered upon the duties of Auditor of State the 
Legislature was in session, and adjourned without pass- 
ing the usual appropriation bills, leaving the Auditor 
of State to encounter all the embarrassments and re- 
sponsibilities consequent upon such a serious omission 
of duty. But Mr. Shoemaker proved himself equal to 
the task, and demonstrated unusual abilities in meeting 
the demand upon his office. As a result, none of the 
public charities of the state, nor any of the general in- 
terests of Indiana suffered any embarrassments, or were 
required to abate their efficiency ; and the public ex- 
penditures during his term of office were less than for 
any similar period during the preceding ten years, when 
state affairs were in the hands of the Republican party. 
During his term of office as Auditor of State, the entire . 
system of state finance was radically changed, and en- 
tirely new statutes were enacted, which have proved of 
almost incalculable benefit to the commonwealth, and 
which may be justly regarded as a monument to his 
official fidelity and statesmanlike sagacity. He at once 
comprehended the fact that the interests of the great 
body of the producing classes had seriously suffered on 
account of vicious legislation, or no legislation, relating 
to the revenues of the state, and at once, upon entering 
upon the discharge of his dutiesof state Auditor, the 
whole subject was thoroughly investigated. Every omis- 
sion and defect was noted, and a remedy suggested. 
To m.ake the work thorough, Mr. Shoemaker made 
himself familiar, by personal examination, extended 
correspondence, and patient study, with the revenue 
laws of most of the states, and especially the older 
commonwealths, where the study of finance, and all 
matters relating to revenue, had received the attention 
of the best minds of their citizens and officials. As a 
result, the revenue laws of Indiana underwent an 
entire revision. The task was one of no ordinary char- 
acter. To tear down is always easy, to construct is 
always difficult. The revenue laws of a state are vital. 
To change them involves responsibilities of the gravest 
character. To insure success, mental endowments rarely 
found must be secured ; and it is the eulogy of fact 
and of history to say that Mr. Shoemaker met the re- 
quirement. Having made himself familiar with all the 
details of taxation, and with all the resources of the 
state; having patiently sought out the imperfections of 
the old, and knowing the remedy, it was left to him 
to prepare the revenue laws to take the place of the old, 
and to inaugurate an entirely new system. This was 
done in a bill containing three hundred sections, which 
was adopted by a Legislature having a majority polit- 

7th Dist.\ 



ically opposed to Mr. Shoemaker, without changing or 
seeliing to change so much as one word. Such a tri- 
umph has rarely, if ever, fallen to the lot of an official, 
even when his recommendations have sought the ap- 
proval of a Legislature in which his political friends 
held power. Nor was this all; but, to make the ap- 
proval of the Legislature more emphatic than the adop- 
tion of the measure conveyed, the Committee of Ways 
and Means of the House, and the Committee on Finance 
of the Senate, passed resolutions of thanks to Mr. Shoe- 
maker for preparing the bill. The resolution of the 
Ways and Means Committee was as follows: 

"Resolved, by the Committee of Ways and Means 
of the House of Representatives, General Assembly of 
1S72, That the thanks of this Commiitee be, and they 
are hereby, tendered to Hon. John C. Shoemaker, Au- 
ditor of State, for preparing a bill entitled, An Act to 
Provide a Uniform Assessment of Property, and for the 
Collection and Return of Taxes Thereon ; and that a 
copy of this resolution be presented to Mr. Shoemaker. 
"Attest, J. C. BURNK.TT, 

" Clerk of Committee.'" 

The foregoing resolution possesses increased value 
from the fact that General Kimball, then late Repub- 
lican Treasurer of State, was chairman of the com- 
mittee, and the Hon. D. C. Branham. one of the ablest 
Republicans of the state, now deceased, was a member 
of the committee. A majority of the House and Sen- 
ate committees were Republicans. The conclusion is, 
therefore, inevitable that the indorsement of the bill 
was based alone upon its merits, and that they were 
such as to overcome all partisan influences. The wis- 
dom of the action of the Legislature of 1S72 may be 
still further inferred from the fact that, with unimpor- 
tant modifications, Mr. ShoemaTcer's bill is still the law 
of the state. In the year 1872 Mr. Shoemaker issued 
his second report as Auditor of State. As a state doc- 
ument, this report is not only a model one, but in many 
regards it was without an example in the history of the 
state. It was, in its dealings with matters of supreme 
importance to the state, a new departure, though Mr. 
Shoemaker, in preparing it, simply obeyed the law re- 
lating to his duties. Mr. Shoemaker, not content in 
showing what had been done, proceeds to demonstrate 
by facts and figures what ought to have been done; 
and in this review of defects and the remedies suggested 
gives not only prominence but lasting value to the re- 
port. Mr. Shoemaker quotes the Constitution for the 
foundation of his whole argument relating to the revis- 
ion of the revenue laws of the state. The Constitution 
declares that "the General Assembly shall provide by 
law for a uniform and equal assessment and taxation, 
and shall prescribe such regulations as shall secure a 
just valuation for taxation of all property, both real and 
personal." The report, in the discussion of the rev- 
enue laws of the state, starts out upon the hypothesis 
c— 13 

that the Constitution lias been neglected, set aside, 
made a dead letter u'ith regard to assessments, and the 
just comprehension of the fundamental idea upon which 
Mr. Shoemaker constructed his revision of the revenue 
laws is so well set forth in this report as to entitle his 
views to a place in this sketch. He said : 

"No system of taxation is just unless equal and uni- 
form, and this is the spirit of our Constitution, that 
each citizen shall be made to bear the burden of gov- 
ernment in proportion to his ability to pay. This just 
and fair revenue doctrine of our state Constitution has 
not always been observed with that fidelity to the pub- 
lic good that justice and sound policy seem to require, 
and the undue influence of moneyed corporations has 
done much to demoralize legislation in this particular. 
It is a fact too notorious to require exemplification, 
that corporate power has been extending itself in every 
direction until it is not unsafe to say that a large pro- 
portion of our revenue legislation has been controlled 
or guided by its po\\'erful influence. So bold and dan- 
gerous has become this power, creating legislation, 
shaping or preventing it, with equal facility, that, in 
my judgment, the matter should receive the serious at- 
tention of the Legislature, and whatever means the state 
has for protection from these encroaching corporate 
powers can not be too effectually or promptly ap- 

After stating the proposition clearly, relating to uni- 
form and equal rate of assessment and taxation, the 
report proceeds as follows: 

"The nearly four thousand miles of railroad prop- 
erty in this state, of the value of not less than one 
hundred millions of dollars, is appraised and taxed at 
less than ten millions of dollars ; three millions of dol- 
lars less than the railroads were appraised and taxed in 
1S54, when there were only one thousand three hundred 
and seventeen miles of roads within the state. The 
national banks have continued, from year to year, and 
from Legislature to Legislature, to be exempt from just 
municipal taxation; and a host of powerful insurance 
and other corporations are annually carrying beyond 
our borders millions of our people's money, lessening to 
the same extent the state's taxables, and without con- 
tributing a single cent of revenue to the support of the 
state government." 

It requires no effort to comprehend at once the fact 
that Mr. Shoemaker, in proposing reforms, struck the 
very root of existing wrongs. Discovering that prop- 
erty amounting to millions had escaped taxation, he 
proposed to subject it to its fair share of the burden of 
government; and the ascertainment of this fact made it 
apparent that assessment and taxation were not uniform 
and equal ; that some were too heavily burdened, while 
others had avoided their just share, and still others had 
escaped entirely. Such facts were known in a general 
way, but to change the situation, and bring about such 
an adjustment as would be fair to all in spite of oppo- 
sition, required not. only a thorough acquaintance with 
all the facts, but an unbending will and an unyielding 
tenacity of purpose. It is not within the scope of this 
sketch to reproduce, from Mr. Shoemaker's report as 



[ 7lh Disi. 

Auditor of State, extended extracts indicating the mas- 
terly ability which is seen in every recommendation; 
but in writing biographical history the demand for such 
facts and incidents as illustrate success is imperative, 
and can not, in justice to the subject of the sketch, be 
omitted. In proposing reforms relating to revenue, 
nothing directly or remotely belonging to the subject 
escaped Mr. Shoemaker's attention. The public debt, 
bonds, interest, sinking fund, and school fund all came 
under review, and resulted in giving the Legislature 
and the people clear views of these subjects. The time 
for assessing property was changed from January to 
April — a change embodying justice to all parties, par- 
ticularly the farming class, and injustice to none. As an 
evidence of clear insight upon a subject so long over- 
looked, and yet so important to the tax-payer, an ex- 
tract from Mr. Shoemaker's views is here given. He 
said : 

"The great body of the people of the state are 
farmers, and to this important class the assessment on 
the 1st of January is an injustice. At that time a very 
large proportion of the farmers have not sold their 
crops, the results of the last year's earnings, while at 
the same time, in very many instances, they are indebted 
for and unable to pay their current expenses, grocers', 
merchants', smiths', and other bills; being compelled to 
list their entire produce on hand, while they are not 
permitted to make any reduction on account of these 
debts incurred as expense in producing; and at the 
same time, in many instances, they are making annual 
payments on indebtedness for their lands, on account of 
which no deductions can be made from their tax lists. 
Thus the farmer is obliged, upon the 1st of January, to 
list a large amount of taxable property which, upon the 
1st of April, the natural beginning of the year, will 
have been sold to cancel the debts of the past year's 
current expenses, taxes, and other obligations. 

" While the present law, requiring assessments to be 
made on the 1st .of January, is thus shown to be so 
very unfair to the producers, it, on the other hand, 
especially favors the exchangers. Perhaps on no other 
day of the whole year is the latter class of tax-payers 
so poor in tangible property. About the 1st of Janu- 
ary the stock of the merchant is usually reduced to the 
lowest point. It is true the present law requires the 
merchant to give in the montlily average of the amount 
of his nierchandise ; but this he can not with any ac- 
curacy do. To give one class of tax-payers such an ad- 
vantage, that is denied to others, is of itself a wrong. 
It places almost entirely at the option of the merchant 
the amount of property with which he shall be assessed. 
This defect of the law is remedied by the proposed 
change, and the exchangers or merchants, like all other 
classes, are required to be assessed for what property 
they may have on hand the 1st of .-^pril." 

The importance of statistical information was clearly 
pointed out and provided for. The complications re- 
sulting from the management of the sinking fund were 
shown, and a remedy suggested. The state debt was 
subjected to the severest analysis, and timely suggestions 
made for its better management. The interests of the 
state relating to insurance were thoroughly investi- 

gated, and the suggestions made for increasing the 
revenues of the state thereby were such as to meet with 
unqualified approval. Upon this subject the views of 
Mr. Shoemaker are so eminently practical and just, so 
well calculated to promote the welfare of the state, and 
so thoroughly illustrative of his comprehension of 
finances, that they are entitled to a place in this sketch. 
He said : 

"It may be argued that a tax imposed upon the 
premiums collected by insurance companies is calcu- 
lated to discourage and drive from our state companies 
whose protecting capital is indispensable to our business 
interests, or that the cost of insurance is to be increased 
thereby to our people. The actual results in the state 
of Pennsylvania disprove these propositions, for, al- 
though that state has required, for many years past, a 
tax of three per cent on premiums received, and nn an- 
nual license fee of five hundred dollars in addition 
thereto, yet we do not see that this has driven any 
company away, but, upon the contrary, every company 
that does an agency business has gone into that state, 
paying the heavy taxes imposed, and to compete with 
strong and popular home companies, from which no 
such tax is requii-ed. Nor is the cost of insurance in- 
creased. The people there get life insurance from the 
same tables, at the same cost, as the people here do, 
where no laxation has been imposed, and the rates of 
fire insurance are even less than here, in consequence of 
the competition of well established and popular home 
companies. It does not matter whether a tax imposed 
upon premiums will increase the cost of insurance or 
not. It does not make any difference who has to pay 
the tax. It is just, and should be paid. Justice and 
sound policy certainly do not require that insurance 
companies of other states should be more favored than 
similar corporations of our own state, and, so long as 
they are permitted to do business here without the pay- 
ment of any taxes, this is surely the case." 

Under the administration of Mr. Shoemaker the sub- 
ject of public printing was subjected to the most 
searching scrutiny, and, as a result, the most glaring 
defects were found. It would be difficult, without re- 
producing Mr. Shoemaker's entire report, to show the 
extent of the flagrant wrongs that had been practiced 
under former administrations. He said : 

"I hove been unable to find, either in this office or 
the office of the Secretary of State, any balance sheet, 
report, or exhibit of any kind, made by any of the pub- 
lic printers, showing in what books, documents, or in 
what manner, or for what purpose, the paper for which 
the state has paid, has been used ; neither can there be 
found any original invoices or bills of purchase. 

"This unbusiness-like and unsatisfactory usage seems 
to have obtained in 1863, and to have been continuously 
practiced from that time until May, 1871, since which 
time no bills for paper have been audited. As a result 
of this loose practice, wrongs (the exact extent of 
which can not be known) have been inflicted upon the 
public. This is the natural and legitimate result of the 
lack of proper legislation." 

To correct such evils was no easy task, but they were 
corrected, Thousands of dollars were refunded to the 
state, and the possibility of subsequent peculations pre- 

yth Dist.} 



vented. In writing biographical sketches of the dis- 
tinguished men of Indiana it is of supreme importance 
that such facts as bear directly upon the welfare of the 
state should be succinctly set forth. Few men have 
left a deeper impression than Mr. Shoemaker upon the 
statutes of Indiana. The bills that he drafted, the 
measures that he suggested and advocated, have resulted 
in saving thousands of dollars to the state, and as an 
evidence of their wisdom they still remain, with scarcely 
a change, as they came from his hands, an enduring 
monument of his sagacity, and fidelity to the welfare of 
the state. The press of the country w-as warm in its 
praise of Mr. Shoemaker's reports as Auditor of State. 
Space forbids the introduction of all the generous 
words of approval, but the opinions expressed by some 
of the leading journals of the country may be here in- 
troduced with eminent propriety. The Louisville Cottr- 
ier-Joiirna!, after examining the report, indulged in the 
following tribute of commendation : 

"Indiana has a model officer for Auditor of State. 
He has not been during his term of office merely the 
auditor of public accounts, but it may be inferred from 
the admirable report to the General Assembly of Indiana 
that he has had very much to do with legislation. Be- 
ing charged with the duty of suggesting plans for the 
improvement of the revenue, he devoted himself atten- 
tively to the whole subject of state taxation and the 
proper assessment of property, and has produced a bill 
that was so perfect and comprehensive that it was 
adopted by the Legislature without amendment or dis- 
cussion. The previous legislation suffered a vast amount 
of property invested in corporate stocks and in other 
ways to escape taxation. This is all reached by the 
provisions of Mr. Shoemaker's bill, and over two hun- 
dred thousand dollars of increased revenue will be se- 
cured to the state. Again, this vigilant official, detecting 
the influence of insurance companies, that prevented 
wholesome legislation for the protection of the people 
against worthless and unsound companies, fully investi- 
gated the whole subject, and prepared a bill embracing 
all the safeguards requisite to drive out worthless com- 
panies and encourage sound ones, and provides, at the 
same time, that the state shall also derive a revenue 
from the extensive business, thus further increasing the 
revenues of the state. There has, indeed, been a gen- 
eral overhauling of the whole financial system of the 
state by this officer; and so proper and just have been 
his suggestions that they have met with general ap- 
proval, not only by the Legislature, but by the press 
of the state." 

The Cincinnati Enquirer was not less candid in its 
approval of Mr. Shoemaker's work, nor less appreciative 
of his abilities. It said: 

"The record is a proud one for Mr. Shoemaker and 
the Democracy. He had no sooner entered upon the 
duties of his office than he was found overhauling 
minutely the condition of the various funds under the 
management of that office, and providing methods of 
consolidation that would greatly simplify the accounts 
of the state. He recognized the duty, imposed by law, 
of making suggestions to the Legislature touching the 
revenue, hitherto generally ignored by liis predecessors. 

and set himself about examining the best and most com- 
prehensive systems in the United States. His labors re- 
sulted in suggestions, and actual drafts of laws, which 
were adopted by a Legislature opposed to him in polit- 
ical sentiment, and which have already proved of vast 
benefit to the state. The general and supplemental rev- 
enue bills prepared by Mr. Shoemaker have secured a 
large revenue from a vast amount of property in this 
state that has hitherto escaped taxation. Those whole- 
some provisions for the more general distribution of the 
burdens of taxation were conceived by Mr. Shoemaker, 
and their enactment secured chiefly by his personal 
eflforts with legislative committees, at. a time when cor- 
porate associations and money rings had far too much 
influence in sliaping legislation, and generally organized 
defeat whenever such legislation was attempted as se- 
cured the proper listing of their stocks, at a time when 
the present warfare against monopolies was not heard of. 
He studied economy in the administration of the finances 
of the state, as well as in the general expense. He advised 
the abolition of the office of agent of state at New York, 
and it was done. He wound up the sinking fund of his 
office, saving the state the expense of another salary. He 
set forth in a clear and perspicuous manner the frauds 
committed on the stale by reason of the defective laws 
relating to the state printing, and a change was made 
that no doubt saved annually thousands of dollars to the 
treasury. By the enactment of laws suggested by Mr. 
Shoemaker, the general revenue of the state is increased 
by the tax now laid on the corporate associations. Add 
together the income from express companies, telegraph 
companies, fast freight lines, Pullman cars, and other 
corporate stock associations, and we have a large 
amount to lighten the burden of general taxation. 
Then add to the amount secured to cities and towns 
in the local taxation of national banks — amounting 
to hundreds of thousands — and we may arrive at some- 
thing like an estimate of the work which Mr. Shoe- 
maker did for the state. The meager report of docket 
fees, that item in the treasury account that for years has 
suggested extreme carelessness, if not dishonesty, all 
over the slate, will be also augmented. Another credit 
for Mr. Shoemaker. But we can not pretend to enumer- 
ate all the labors of Mr. Shoemaker. His last annual re- 
port sho\\s for itself that he thoroughly understood the 
business of his office and the needs of the stale, and he 
fearlessly did his work, against the influences of money 
rings and interested corporations." 

Other journals were equally emphatic in their indorse- 
ments, all going to show that the people of Indiana, in 
making Mr. Shoemaker Auditor of State, had conferred 
a lasting blessing upon Indiana. Retiring from the 
office of Auditor of State, in the year 1S73, ^'f- Shoe- 
maker became prominently identified in business affairs 
in the cily of Indianapolis. In connection with a num- 
ber of capitalists he founded the Franklin Fire Insurance 
Company, and was for some years the president of the 
company. He contributed his means to establish the 
Udell Woodenware Company, with which he is still 
connected, and which is now in successful operation, 
giving employment to a large number of laborers. In 
the year 1874 Mr. Shoemaker became connected with 
the Indianapolis Sentinel Company and became its 
president, but did not give the business his personal 


[ Tth Dist. 

attention until the fall of 1876. From that time to the 
present, with the exception of about four months, Mr. 
Shoemaker has given his undivided attention to the 
business. The history of the Sentinel had been, until 
Mr. Shoemaker became its publisher, a continuous 
struggle against disaster. Men of large newspaper ex- 
perience invested their means, and assumed the manage- 
ment of its affairs, only to see their investments disappear, 
and to find themselves financial wrecks; and thus, with 
ceaseless mutations, things proceeded until the fall of 
1S76, wlien a new company was formed, and Mr. Shoe- 
maker took the helm. From that time to the present 
the ScntincFs star has been in the ascendant. Out of 
chaos came order. Extravagance gave way to econ- 
omy, and success took the place of disaster. The paper 
was at once placed in harmony with the Democratic 
party of the state, and its friends came flocking to its 
suppport by thousands. The debts of the company 
were steadily reduced, and have now almost entirely 
disappeared. From little or no credit at all, it now has 
the confidence of the soundest moneyed institutions of 
the state, and can borrow without indorsement, and it 
may be doubted if there is a business enterprise in the 
state upon a sounder financial basis. It will be seen, 
therefore, that the same practical common sense dis- 
played by Mr. Shoemaker while Auditor of State has 
been exercised in the management of the SentinePs 
affairs; and that, having secured success where so many 
others had failed, the future of the Sentinel is assured, 
and a property for so many years regarded of doubtful 
value is now, for the investment it represents, as sub- 
stantial as any in the state. In the foregoing sketch 
the character of John Chapman Shoemaker is briefly 
outlined. A youth of moderate advantages, dependent 
almost entirely for advancement upon himself, rises by 
steady gradations from obscurity to the mos. command- 
ing positions in the gift of his fellow-citizens, impresses 
himself upon the mind and thought and laws of a great 
and growing commonwealth, and secures for himself 
an enviable position among the distinguished men of 
his time. 

K INKER, ALFRED T., of Indianapolis, iron man- 
^ipS ufacturer, was born in Hawarden-on-the-Dee, North 

f Wales, May II, 1846. He is a son of Edward T. 
and Sarah Sinker, the former a native of Wales, 
the latter of England. His father was a machinist and 
civil engineer by profession, and attained considerable 
reputation in that calling. He was one of the su- 
perintendents in the construction of the celebrated 
Menai tubular bridge over the Menai Frith, in North 
Wales, considered one of the greatest triumphs of mod- 
ern engineering skill, and for some time superintended 
the iron works in the construction of steamers at Liver- 

pool. In 1849 he emigrated to America, and in No- 
vember of the same year settled in Indianapolis, where 
he resided until his death, which occurred April 5, 1871. 
From small beginnings he had steadily advanced, until 
at his death he was at the head of the Western Machine 
Works, one of the largest manufacturing establishments 
in the West. Fie was a man of earnest purpose, untir- 
ing industry, and an example of the purest integrity in 
his business and social relations, while his generosity 
of character was limited only by his ability to give. 
Such a man, in brief, was the father of the subject of 
this sketch. Alfred T. Sinker received his early educa- 
tion in the public and private schools of Indianapolis. 
He spent some time at the North-western Christian 
University, and subsequently at Liber College, in Jay 
County, Indiana. He was studying at the North-western 
University when the war broke out, after which he 
served for a short time under General Fremont, in the 
5th Ohio Battery, commanded by Captain Hicken- 
looper, now Lieutenant-governor of Ohio. Upon his 
return home from Missouri, to which state they had 
been ordered, he entered Liber College for a short time, 
and in the fall of 1S63 entered the service again, join- 
ing the Army of the Cumberland as assistant quarter- 
master. He remained in this branch of the service 
until May I, 1864, when he resigned and came home, 
intending to go again to the field, but was prevented 
from doing so by a violent attack of sickness. Upon 
recovering from this he went to Poughkeepsie, New 
York, where he attended the Commercial College, ac- 
quiring a knowledge of banking, higher mathematics, 
commercial law, and general business principles, which 
are of no little importance in the training of a thorough 
business man. In November, 1S65, he came home and 
took charge of the Western Machine Works, in which his 
father owned a controlling interest Here he remained 
until August 18, 1867, when he established the Amer- 
ican Saw Works, and started in business for himself. 
On September 2, 1S67, he was united in marriage to his 
present worthy companion, who was Miss Rebecca 
Coates, daughter of Isaac Coates, Esq., a prominent 
citizen of Mansfield, Ohio. They have a family of two 
children, a son and daughter, Edward C. and Clare 
Sinker. After the establishment of his saw works, Mr. 
Sinker put his whole energy into building up his busi- 
ness, and soon secured an enviable reputation for the 
excellence of his manufactures, which found a ready 
sale from New York to the Rocky Mountains. Having 
bought out his partner in 1868, Mr. Sinker found him- 
self, when only twenty-two years of age, with a debt 
of thirty thousand dollars; but, with the indomitable 
pluck and energy characteristic of his father and inher- 
ited by him, in four years he succeeded in wiping out 
the entire indebtedness, and had considerable left. On 
the death of his father, in 1871, he sold out his saw 


'■^4 ^J /' 

yth Dist.\ 



works, and became interested in the Western Machine 
Works, of which liis father had been principal owner. 
On June "], 1871, a joint-stock company was organized, 
under the name of Sinker, Davis & Co., and Mr. Sinker 
became secretary of the corporation. Their business 
was the manufacturing of portable and stationary steam- 
engines, boilers, circular saw-mills, and general ma- 
chinery. Mr. Sinker severed his connection with this 
company on the 1st of January, 1S79, and established 
himself in his present location on South Pennsylvania 
Street, being himself the manager and sole proprietor. 
Mr. Sinker has been a member of the Masonic Frater- 
nity since 1S73. ^^ '^ "^ strict member of the Plymouth 
Congregational Church, of Indianapolis. In politics, 
he is a devoted adherent uf the Republican party, 
while preserving an independence of action and thought 
which commits him to the advocacy of principles rather 
than men. He expresses a warm di.ssent from the 
financial policy of which John Sherman is the exponent. 
As a business man, Mr. Sinker's record is of the most 
enviable character. Now in the prime of life, he is to 
all appearance on the high road to success; and while 
in his path, as in that of all business men, he may ex- 
pect to find obstacles, there is that in his past record 
which gives the assurance that all impediments will be 
surmounted by energy, perseverance, and that unceasing 
industry and attention to business which are his charac- 
teristics. His constitution is robust, his character un- 
blemished, his credit good ; and with all these qualities 
in his favor, although still a young man, he can be 
safely classed as one of the representative business men 
of the Hoosier State. 

fLEETH, JAMES M., a prominent citizen of Shel- 
by ville, was born in Clarksburg, Harrison County, 
Virginia, March 24, 1S17. At a very early day 
his mother died, and his father removed, in the 
year 1824, to ShelbyviUe, Indiana, which then consisted 
of a few wooden buildings. James attended such 
schools as they had in those primitive days during the 
winter months, and worked at farming during the 
spring and summer. By applying himself diligently to 
his books he became very proficient in reading, writ- 
ing, spelling, and arithmetic. With this meager outfit 
he set out to make his own way through the world. 
Having a taste for mercantile pursuits, he engaged in 
the capacity of clerk in a country store, but soon aban- 
doned that for the reading of law. He applied him- 
self to this task with all his faculties, and with such 
earnestness that, in 1842, he passed a most rigid ex- 
amination and was licensed to practice in all the courts 
of Indiana. After three years spent in the pursuit of 
his profession he was elected, in 1845, to the Legisla- 
ture, and so faithfully did he perform his duty that he 

received the nomination the second time, and was re- 
elected in 1847. In 1S48 Governor Whitcomb chose 
him as his private secretary, which devolved upon him 
the duty of being executive messenger to both houses 
of the Legislature. One year later he was nominated 
and elected state Senator, and served one long term of 
three sessions. He was chosen for the second time in 
1851. In the last named year he made a speech 
which was spoken of in very high terms. We extract 
the following from a letter of Hon. T. A. Hendricks, 
written to Mr. Sleeth soon thereafter : 

" I read your speech upon the resolution about the 
trophies taken in Mexico with much pleasure. 1 was 
glad you made the speech. Representing in the Senate 
a county that always sustained the war by "word and 
deed," and a county that is proud of its position in re- 
lation to that war, it was highly becoming in you to 
make just the speech you did, and you will allow me lo 
say that I think you did yourself much credit, and the sub- 
ject more justice than any other whose speech I read." 

In 1853 he was elected Judge of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, which position he creditably filled for eight 
years. In 1869 he was again sent to the Legislature, to 
represent the counties of Bartholomew and Shelby. A 
still higher mark of confidence was shown in his elec- 
tion, by the people of Shelby County, as their county 
treasurer, and his re-election to the same position in 
1873. The Judge is not a member of any religious or- 
ganization, but attends service with his wife, who is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The 
Judge ranks among the earliest settlers of Shelby 
County, and is a man whose personal qualities and acts 
have helped lo shape the character of the place, and 
whose influence has always been good. In business 
matters he is prompt and thorough, and a distinguishing 
characteristic with him is his practical opposition to the 
credit system. Though almost entirely self-educated, 
he gained, while in practice, high rank among the law- 
yers of his adopted county. He was married, June 13, 
1839, to Miss Almyra Goodrich, daughter of William 
and Catharine Goodrich, who settled in Shelby County 
in 1821. They have no children. 

I^MART, JAMES HENRY, A. M., superintendent 
T^ of public instruction, was born at Center Harbor, 
'■', New Hampshire, June 30, 1841. His ancestors 
for several generations were natives of New Hamp- 
shire. His father, William H. Smart, M. D., was for- 
merly a teacher in New Hampshire and Vermont, and 
subsequently a leading physician in New Hampshire; 
and his mother was a daughter of Deacon Stephen Far- 
rington, of Hopkinton, New Hampshire. Doctor Smart 
had fitted up a room in his house in which he spent his 
leisure time in instructing his children. In this home 



[ Jilt Dist. 

school the subject of the sketch was taught the elements 
of knowledge. In 1847, Doctor Smart removed with 
his family to Concord, New Hampshire, in order to give 
his children the benefit of a good education. James 
was studious, and entered the high school at the age of 
twelve. About this time he heard a lecture to young 
men entitled, " Helping One's Self," which aroused a 
spirit of independence in him, and led him to a de- 
termination which has had an influence on his life ever 
since. He resolved to make his own way in the world, 
and not only to obtain an education, but to pay for it 
by his own labor. In accordance with this resolve, and 
with the consent of his father, he found employment in 
the store of Deacon Samuel Evans. Here he was 
trained in those business habits which are considered 
cardinal virtues by a New England storekeeper. He 
worked in the store all day, and read in the evenings 
the books bought with his earnings. He was employed 
in various places in Concord, New Hampshire, as clerk, 
bookkeeper, and cashier, until he was seventeen years 
old. During the greater part of this time he was in- 
structed in the winter evenings by his father and by his 
eldest brother, William H. Smart, junior, M. D., now 
of Claremont, New Hampshire, and by other private 
tutors. Since the age of twelve he has never received 
a dollar that he did not earn himself. He re-entered 
the Concord high school in September, 1858. Within 
six months he was made temporary teacher of a class in 
mathematics, and of a class in reading, in the school 
under the charge of Henry E. Sawyer, now of Middle- 
town, Connecticut, one of the most thorough teachers 
in New England. It was at this time that young Smart 
decided to devote himself to the business of teaching. 
He began giving instruction as a business at Sanborn- 
ton, October, 1859, on a salary of fifteen dollars a 
month and board. Here he "boarded around," hav- 
ing fifteen pupils and sixteen classes. He taught here 
ten weeks. At the close of his term he returned to 
Concord to complete his studies. In the spring of l85o 
he commenced teaching the higher department of the 
village school of Laconia, New Hampshire, where he 
remained one year, and met with great success, being 
known as one of the best "schoolmasters" in the 
vicinity. In April, 1861, he took charge of the school 
in Claremont, New Hampshire, a beautiful town of 
about five thousand inhabitants. He remained here 
two years, and by this time he was considered one of 
the leading teachers of the state. He took an active 
part in the New Hampshire Teachers' Association, and 
in 1S62 was appointed one of the editors of the New 
Hampshire Journal of Ediicalion. The following reso- 
lution, passed by a meeting of the citizens of Clare- 
mont, will show (he appreciation they had of his work: 

"Resolved, That, among the many good teachers 
who have had charge of the grnmniar department in 

this district, none have been mor-e successful than Mr. 
J. H. Smart. In government, tact, and industry, he 
has few equals, and possesses the happy faculty of gain- 
ing the esteem, while he secures the strictest obedience, 
of his scholars." 

In the spring of 1S63 he was invited to take charge 
of a ward school in Lngrange Street, Toledo, Ohio, by 
Professor Moses T. Brown, then city superintendent. 
He entered upon his duties in Toledo in April. In 
June of the same year he was promoted to the charge 
of the intermediate department in the high school 
building. The position occupied here was a difficult 
one ; his scholars numbered over two hundred. The 
Toledo Blade (November 16, 1S64), in an article on 
public instruction there, speaks of Mr. Smart's rooms 
as follows : 

"To the visitor, the order and regularity existing in 
this school are truly surprising; notwithstanding the 
large number of pupils, the movements of classes or 
change of exorcises produce no confusion, no noise, 
and every thing appears to move with the regularity of 
clock work." 

Mr. Smart was acknowledged as one of the most suc- 
cessful teachers that Toledo ever had. In June, 1865, 
he was elected superintendent of the schools at Fort 
Wayne, Indiana, and was unanimously re-elected to the 
same position for nine succeeding years. Under his 
supervision the Fort Wayne schools obtained a high 
reputation for excellence. It is worthy of comment 
that during theSe ten years tto formal complaint was 
ever lodged with the board against any one of the 
teachers, or against the superintendent, and that every 
vote passed in the meetings of the board was passed 
unanimously. During the time he was in Fort Wayne 
Mr. Smart was, ex officio, a member of the State Board 
of Education. He has thus been identified with the 
work of the department of public instruction from 1S65 
to the present time. In 1S72 he was elected president 
of the Indiana State Teachers' Association, having 
served as chairman of the executive committee the 
preceding year. In 1874 lie was elected state superin- 
tendent of public instruction for Indiana, and was 
twice re-elected to the same office. Since 1874 he has 
been, ex officio, one of the trustees of the State Normal 
School. In 1S70 the degree of Master of Arts was con- 
ferred upon him by the State University of Indiana. 
In 1874 the same degree was conferred by Dartmouth 
College. He has been a prominent member of the 
National Teachers' Association for several years. In 
1863 he wrote a little book entitled, "Gymnastic and 
Dumb-bell Exercises," which was published by Wilson, 
Hinkle & Co., of Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1S76 he edited 
a book entitled, "The Indiana Schools, and the Men 
Who Have Worked in Them." He printed several re- 
ports while in Fort Wayne, and hns. issued five since 

yth Disl.\ 



he has become state superintendent. In the spring of 
1S80 he published a valuable commentary on the school 
law of Indiana. He has written, since he has been in 
office, many official opinions, which have been widely 
circulated. Mr. Smart is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. He was married, July 21, 1870, to Mary H. 
Swan, daughter of Professor R. W. Swan, of Grinnell 
College, Iowa. Mr. Smart has filled the office of super- 
intendent of public instruction of Indiana with great 
acceptance to the people. He is indefatigable in his 
labors, and, owing to his active brain and not over- 
strong constitution, is in constant danger of over- 
working. When a new task presents itself he gives 
himself no rest till the work is completed. He never 
allows work to accumulate on his hands when it is 
at all possible to be disposed of as it comes. He never 
allows a business letter to remain unanswered till to-mor- 
row when it can be answered to-day. His custom is to 
clear his table each d.iy of all current correspondence 
and business. His system and strict order enable him to 
push his work, and make him capable of accomplish- 
ing more work in a given time than most men. Mr. 
Smart is about six feet in height, spare built, weighing 
about one hundred and forty pounds, of light complex- 
ion, light hair and whiskers, and nervous temperament. 
He is a good conversationalist, quick at repartee, and 
always enjoys a good joke. He is a fair public speaker, 
always making his points clearly, and expressing his 
thoughts in good English. His re-election by a majority 
of over twenty-five hundred votes more than that of any 
other man on the same ticket, and his nomination for a 
third term over half a dozen competitors, contrary to all 
precedent, are ample proofs that he is both popular and 
efficient. An additional compliment was paid him, in the 
appointment by the President as one of the commission- 
ers for the state of Indiana to the Paris Exposition of 
187S. He has also been recently appointed by the 
President a member of the United States International 
Exhibition Commission. He was elected president of 
the National Teachers' Association at the meeting held 
at Chautauqua during July, 18S0. It may be truthfully 
added that Mr. Smart stands as high as a member of 
the community in which he moves as he is eminent as 
an educationalist. With the teachers throughout the 
state the superintendent is esteemed, respected, and be- 

K MITH, OLIVER HAMPTON. With little early ed- 
^|p| ucation, and no advantages during his life but those 
y& wrung by his own force of character from his situ- 
"•C/ ation, no man of Indiana has been more prominent 
in so many lines of distinction. He was equally eminent 
as a lawyer, a statesman, a publicist, and a leader of 
public improvements, and in the very last years of 

life attained no inconsiderable distinction as an author. 
His place in a record of the eminent men of the state 
should be a high one, as it certainly is an assured one 
in the reverence of all who knew him. We know but 
little of Mr. Smith's early life, and that little he tells 
us himself in the last paper of his "Sketches." His 
"grand-parents on both sides," he says, "were friends 
and associates of William Penn, crossed the Atlantic 
from England with him, and belonged to the same 
society." About twelve miles above Trenton, New Jer- 
sey, an island divides the Delaware at the base of 
Wells's Falls, which was called Smith's Island. Here 
his grandfather and father lived, and here he was born, 
on the 23d of October, 1794. In a rough stone school- 
house, in a solitary nook among the hills, he began 
going to school in iSoo, at the age of six years, and 
led a life in no respect different from that of other 
farmers' boys. When he was about twelve he came 
near being drowned while swimming in the Delaware, 
being taken with cramp and carried to the bottom the 
third time, and held there several minutes, till he was 
brought up by a young man named Fox, and resuscitated 
after a half-hour's complete insensibility. One other mem- 
orable incident of his boyhood is told in the same mod- 
est little sketch. As he was approaching Morrisville 
one evening he heard an alarm of fire, and directly 
after saw a short, thick man, with a dark complexion, 
black hair, eyes, and whiskers, and a stern countenance, 
walking along the roof Qf a house, wetting it with water 
from a bucket which he carried. That man was the 
hero of Hohenlinden and the retreat through the Black 
Forest — General Moreau. Thomas and Letitia Smith, 
his parents, had nine children, seven boys and two 
girls, only two of whom survived him: one, Elijah, a 
farmer in Michigan ; and the other Mrs. Mary Hilbourn, 
a widow, residing near Philadelphia. An older brother, 
Moses B., who retained his Quaker faith and practice 
to the last, became a distinguished physician in Phila- 
delphia ; and a younger one, Edward, attained unusual 
proficiency in languages, being master of Latin, Greek, 
French, Spanish, German, and Italian. The youngest 
of the family, Septimus, studied law with Oliver in Con- 
nersville, and was subsequently an editor and judge in 
Wayne County. At the age of nineteen his father died, 
and he went to New York for a short time, and soon 
after worked a year or two in a woolen mill in Penn- 
sylvania. On reaching majority he received fifteen hun- 
dred dollars, his share of his father's estate, and lost it 
directly in a partnership, in which it was used to pay 
unsuspected debts of his partner. He saved a Canadian 
pony and a little money out of the wreck, and went to 
his oldest brother's farm, where, for probably the only 
time in his life, he spent a brief period in idling and 
playing at popular games. His brother's remonstrances 
stirred him out of this unwonted humor, and he started 



[ 7lh Dist. 

West, engaging at Pittsburgh to take two coal-boats to 
Louisville. In a perilous emergency he saved one of 
these boats by cutting its lashings to the other, when 
both would have been lost but for his coolness and 
presence of mind. In 1817, when twenty-three years 
of age, he came to Indiana, and settled at Rising Sun. 
The next winter he removed to Lawrenceburg and stud- 
ied law, was admitted to the bar in March, 1820, and, 
after a brief stay in Versailles, Ripley County, went to 
Connersville, where he remained till 1839, living there 
nineteen years and in Indianapolis twenty. In Conners- 
ville he soon found abundant practice in Justices' courts, 
and not a little in the higher courts, and here he laid 
the foundation of the reputation for energy, close ap- 
plication, and sound judgment which went with him 
through life, growing steadily stronger and wider to the 
last, and assuring him a success rarely attained by any 
man, and never by a man without solid brains and mas- 
terful strength of character. He was well situated for 
thorough development, for he was brought in constant 
collision with some of the ablest men that ever graced 
a Western bar: Judge John Test; Amos Lane, father 
of James H. Lane, of Kansas fame; Stephen C. Stevens, 
at one time on the Supreme Bench; James Rariden, 
William W. Wick, David Wallace, James T. Brown, 
James E. Ray, Charles H. Test, most of whom were 
afterwards members of Congress, and two were Gov- 
ernors. In his "Sketches" he tells us that his circuit 
in practice extended from the Ohio River to the Michi- 
gan line, and from the Ohio line to the White River 
Valley, including nearly half of the state, when Indians 
were still numerous, settlers rough and reckless, and life 
hard, as pioneer life always is. Of this stage of social 
development his "Sketches" are the only contempora- 
neous record we have, and they are already almost in- 
valuable to one who desires to learn the early history 
of the state. In 1821 he married Miss Mary Bramfield, 
a Friend, like his own family, by whom he had three 
children: Letitia, married to Thomas Sullivan; Marcus 
C, a farmer, now state Senator from the Delaware and 
Madison District; and Mary, wife of General John Love. 
In 1824 Governor Hendricks made him prosecutor of the 
extensive Third Circuit, and he served in that position two 
years. His book tells some very amusing stories of the 
trials he concerned in at that time. To this brief 
sketch of the opening of his professional career it may 
be well to add here that, after his removal to Indianap- 
olis, in 1839, he engaged as closely in practice as his du- 
ties in the national Senate would permit, and that, on 
the expiration of his senatorial term, in 1843, he never 
engaged again in politics. As he himself used to say, 
"he had got tired of beating on a barrel just to hear the 
noise." His reputation gave him a very large business 
in the Federal Courts, and in the course of a few 
years he confined his practice chiefly to Ihcm. Then 

he and the eloquent Howard and the powerful Marshall 
stood foremost, and with Judge McLean on the bench 
an argument in which these giants were contestants was 
an intellectual treat, and very often crowded the court- 
room with spectators. He was crowded with business 
and could not take much that was welcome to less 
heavily loaded counsel, and about 1850, when he became 
interested in railroads, he refused nearly all cases in 
the local courts. At the bar Mr. Smith was noted for 
the kindness with which he treated the younger mem- 
bers, and his uniform courtesy to the older ones. He 
rarely indulged in personalities, and when he did they 
were usually pleasantries that could not offend the most 
morbid sensitiveness. He was patient with stupidity, 
forbearing to ill temper, and never allowed himself to 
be irritated into a false step or an unsafe statement. 
His desire to be thought well of by all with whom he 
associated made him anxious to treat them well. His 
temper was singularly mild, and his feelings easily 
affected. One day a woman, evidently of no high 
character, came to his office with a little boy of three 
years, and, after a long tale of .sorrow and suffering, 
asked his help. He knew what she was, and declined 
kindly. As she reached the door on her w'ay out she 
told the child to "bid the gentleman good-bye." Mr. 
Smith's face flushed an instant as the child gave him 
his hand, and he took a quarter out of his pocket and 
gave it to the boy. When they were out he turned to 
his students with a little bit of sheepishness in his ex- 
pression and said: "She knew how to get the money 
after all." But, gentle and courteous as he was in his 
intercourse with other members of the bar, he was 
unsparing in argument, and his vast force of mind and 
body made him something terrible when fully roused. 
One who knew him well said of him that he reminded 
an observer of nothing so much as a huge locomotive 
with all steam up rushing and roaring on, so suggestive 
of enormous power, so irresistible, that it seemed like 
the extreme of temerity to reply to him. His painstak- 
ing, laborious study of his cases, and his accurate recol- 
lection of multitudes of precedents, always put him 
before the court thoroughly prepared, and his sound 
judgment kept him from resting on any hazardous or 
uncertain ground. Sometimes, though not often, his 
case would present a pathetic aspect, and the great 
crusliing giant of the bar would melt to tenderness, 
carrying every one with him. In a divorce case de- 
fended by Matthew H.^le Smith, his speech contained a 
description of the primitive purity of Paradise that has 
few equals in our best belles-lettres. It was published 
in the Indianapolis Jotirnal some time in 1857. Gen- 
erally, he was more argumentative than eloquent, and 
he never troubled himself to use what Thackeray calls 
the "hoight of foine language." He was plain, direct, 
powerful, and his eloquence was the efi'ect of force and 

7th Dist.\ 


20 1 

earnestness, and never of study or purpose to be elo- 
quent. In his political career he was little, if at all, 
less distinguished than in his professional career. He 
was elected to the Legislature when the state capital 
was still at Corvdon, Harrison County, and served two 
sessions (1822 and 1823) there. The following two years 
were devoted to his duties as prosecutor, and the next 
year {1826) he was elected to Congress by fifteen hun- 
dred majority, and was re-elected once. In his first 
session it became his duty to reply to the celebrated 
Philip P. Barbour, of Virginia, who had assailed the 
constitutionality of the appropriations to construct the 
Cumberland or National Road; and he did it, in spite 
of the natural timidity incident to his situation as a 
young man of thirty-two in an encounter with a veteran 
debater and statesman like Mr. Barbour. The appro- 
priation was carried. It was by Mr. Smith's efforts 
during his second term that the National Road passed 
through Indianapolis. In the direction that the previ- 
ous surveys were taken it would have gone forty miles 
south. Mr. Smith introduced and carried a resolution 
of instruction to survey the line as it was subsequently 
constructed. On the expiration of his second term he 
resumed the practice of his profession, never by any 
means abandoned, but lessened for other duties, with 
fresh energy, and continued for about six years, until he 
was elected to the national Senate, pver Governor Noble 
and Governor Hendricks, in 1836. He does not appear, 
from what he says in his sketches, to have expected 
this result, and he certainly did not work for it; but he 
may have considered it among the reasonable chances, 
for he was as eminent a man as either of his competi- 
tors, and an abler man than both together. He had 
just heard of his election when he started to Cincinnati 
with his annual drove of hogs — he combined farming 
with his profession, it seems — and actually carried the 
news with him. He says that when he stopped at his 
destination in the city, his breeches in his boot-legs, his 
*' leggings" and clothes covered with mud, and his 
whole appearance indicating any thing but a position 
that could make him a candidate for a high office, he 
was asked, "Who has been elected Senator from Indi- 
ana?" "I have," said he, to the consternation of the 
querist. They couldn't believe it at first. In the Senate 
he was associated with the greatest men of our polilical 
history, and he held his own with the best. He was 
made chairman of the Committee on Public Lands, one 
of the most important committees in the Senate at that 
time, when emigration westward was very heavy and the 
public lands were an important element both of revenue 
and material development. He was complimented in 
the Senate by Mr. Clay for the value of his services to 
the country in that position, to which, by the way, he 
was raised over the head of the famous Robert J. Walker, 
of Mississippi. In 1S42 he was beaten by Edward A. 

Hannegan, through the defection of a single Whig 
member of the House, Daniel Kelso, of Switzerland. 
The Whigs would have had a bare majority on joint 
ballot with Kelso; without him neither party had a ma- 
jority. The Democrats ran the lamented Tilghman A. 
Howard as their candidate for Governor in 1S40, and 
Mr. Smith was renominated by the Whigs. Several 
ballots were taken with the same futile result. Mr. 
Kelso giving his single vote to Hannegan, a Democrat. 
Finally the Democrats, by Mr. Howard's advice, took 
up Hannegan, and Kelso's vote gave them the majority 
they needed. After the close of the term, on the fol- 
lowing 4th of March, Mr. Smith, as before remarked, 
abandoned politics altogether, except that he advised 
with his Whig friends at times, and once, at least, 
made an effective defense of the tariff, in reply to a 
pamphlet by James Whitcomb, Democratic candidate 
for Governor in 1843, called "Facts for the People." 
With these exceptions he went steadily ahead in his 
profession, part of the time with his brother-in-law, 
Mr. Brumfield, as a partner, later (after 1848) with 
Simon Yandes, Esq. As a political speaker, he exhib- 
ited much the same qualities and powers of mastery 
that he did as a forensic speaker, but he was less suc- 
cessful on the stump, because argument and close rea- 
soning, which were his mode of dealing with political 
questions, were not so popular as an anecdotical or 
declamatory style. But he was always formidable, on 
whatever subject or before whatever audience. His 
high character gave greater force to his bare assertion 
than many a man could get for a statement quoted 
directly from the record. He could use a good story 
very effectively both for fun and logic at times, but he 
was usually too set in his purpose and too much in 
earnest to play with it, or search in his capacious mem- 
ory for illustrative incidents. In conversation he was 
as prolific of anecdotes as Mr. Lincoln, and most of 
them, like Mr. Lincoln's, were reminiscences of occur- 
rences in his own experience, and he told them with 
much the same humor and dramatic effect, but in his 
political speeches he was usually serious and impressive 
rather than entertaining. In his eight years' service as 
a member of one or the other house of Congress, he 
was, as in his profession, prompt and decisive, persist- 
ent and laborious, with an instinctive perception of the 
essential points of the subject he was dealing with, and 
a capacity rarely equaled for throwing off all tha-t was 
irrelevant or immaterial, and examining only what con- 
tained the elements of a decision. But it was neither 
as a lawyer nor statesman that Mr. Smith exhibited his 
greatest powers or achieved his highest renown. He 
stood among the first of both, but he did not stand 
alone. In the last years of his life he became an 
author, and certainly no Hoosier author was more 
widely read or known. He was distinguished in three 



[7tk Dist. 

walks of life, of which success in any one is distinction 
enough for most men. But there was one in which he 
stood not only foremost, but alone. He was the only 
man in Indiana, or any other slate, who could fairly be 
said to have been both the "author and finisher" of a 
great railroad line. The other roads were the combined 
suggestion and achievement of many interested men, 
but Mr. Smith conceived and completed the scheme of 
the Bellefontaine Railroad, now the "Bee-line," and 
the greatest freight road that enters the railroad city of 
Indianapolis, before any body else had thought of it, so 
far as appears from the recollection of those associated 
with him and the publications and public action in re- 
gard to it. He had not been a railroad man, nor more 
closely connected with the public improvements prose- 
cuted during his public career than many other public 
men, so that he could have brought to this new enter- 
prise no special training or tendency of interests in that 
direction. It was the prevision of native sagacity, the 
result of sound judgment working into the future from 
conditions detected by a rare clearness of perception. 
He saw the incalculable benefit to the whole country, 
and especially to his own state and city, of a railway 
connecting the lakes and the great Eastern railroad 
lines with the Ohio. He saw that, sooner or later, the 
chief volume of trade between the interior and the sea- 
coast would run across, and not along, the lines of earlier 
transportation, and a road tapping a connection with 
Lake Erie at one end and an Ohio River connection at 
the other fulfilled all the conditions of an indispen- 
sable link between the ocean and the national granary 
of the West. He used to elaborate this idea in his con- 
versations with clients and visitors in his office. He 
would attend to all professional business faithfully, but 
the moment he could lay it aside he would begin on his 
client with the importance and the infallible profits of 
a railroad line from Indianapolis to the lake. He was 
full of it, for, with that as with every thing else, what 
he did at all he did with all his might. He enlisted 
the interest of others on the line of his projected road. 
He drew the charter, and secured its adoption by the 
Legislature of 1848. It was one of the earliest follow- 
ing the assured completion of the Madison road. He 
set Lemuel Frazer to soliciting subscriptions for stock, 
and, except this work, he did every thing himself for a 
while. His unaided exertions made it a positive exist- 
ence. He had a board of directors created, and he made 
James G. Jordan, the first city clerk of Indianapolis, sec- 
retary of the board ; he being president, and General 
Thos. A. Morris chief engineer. It was characteristic of 
Mr. Smith's confidence in his own powers and judg- 
ment — without which confidence a man must become a 
mere parasite of other men — that he always spoke of 
his stock solicitor as the best I hat he ever saw, and the 
secretary as an incomparable officer, without whom he 

should be overwhelmed with work. He chose his 
assistants carefully, and was so sure of his choice being 
right that he gave them his full confidence and an un- 
ending profusion of praise from the start. If he had 
been less sure of himself he would have been less sure 
of them, and kept some of his abounding confidence to 
sour a little with suspicion or censure at times. But 
that was not Mr. Smith's nature. Thoroughly in ear- 
nest himself, he accepted the good faith of every body 
else without question, and no little of his success was 
due to the energy which this complete sympathy be- 
tween him and his subordinates infused into them. In 
the year or so following the grant of the charter of the 
Indianapolis and Bellefontaine Railroad, enough stock 
had been subscribed to warrant the commencement of 
work on the road, and the contracts were let in the fall 
of 1849 ; and in the spring of 1850 track laying was 
begun, and completed to Pendleton, twenty-eight miles, 
in December of th.Tt year. This was an amazing ex- 
hibition of Mr. Smith's energy and force of will. His 
charter was not more than two years old, but in those 
two years he had got the stock subscribed, made the 
organization, graded the road-bed, and bought and laid 
the iron of twenty-eight miles of road. In just one 
year more the whole line was done, and the cars run- 
ning to Union City, where the connection with the 
Ohio portion of the road was made. Less than a year 
and a half was required, under the impulse of his 
energy and tireless supervision, to do the whole work, 
from the first spadeful of the grade to the last spike of 
the track, eighty-four miles long, at a cost of twenty- 
one thousand five hundred and fifty dollars a mile. 
And less than three years were needed to create the 
company, as well as its work. They were both as 
nearly exclusively his as any public work can possibly 
be the achievement of any one man. It was his in 
conception, plan, process, and completion. How per- 
fectly his grand anticipations have been realized, every 
one who will read the weekly reports of the freight 
cars handled at Indianapolis can see. Shortly after, the 
completion of the Bellefontaine road, Mr. Smith began 
stirring the subject of a continuation of it southward, by 
an air-line road, to the Ohio River at Evansville. That 
was the full fruition of his lake and Ohio and seaboard 
scheme of connections. He pushed it with character- 
istic energy, aided efl"ectively by his son-in-law. General 
John Love, an accomplished engineer and man of busi- 
ness, and was joined by Mr. Willard Carpenter, of 
Evansville, at that time considered one of the wealthiest 
men in the state, and there was every prospect of a 
success equal to that of the northern division. But a 
panic broke down many of the state free banks, dis- 
ordered the currency, and embarrassed business, and 
brought the "air-line" project to a halt, which the 
breaking out of the war continued, and enabled another 

■Jill Dist.] 



road to improve to its own advantage. Still even now 
the advantages of a direct road to Evansville are so 
evident as to create no little faith in the success of Mr. 
Smith's scheme if it were revived. It may yet be com- 
pleted, and, if it is, the whole line will be a monument 
to the memoiy of the man whose amazing sagacity, 
energy, and force of character, laid the foundation of 
it all, and completed so much of it. As great and con- 
spicuous as Mr. Smith's services were as a legislator, 
state and national, and as high as he stood in his pro- 
fession, it is as a leader of public improvements that he 
will be best known to posterity. Only those who re- 
member how deeply he impressed the great improve- 
ment conventions at Memphis and St. Louis, and the 
meetings he addressed at Philadelphia on the impor- 
tance to the East of Western railroads, can understand 
fully how much of the success of our Western railroad 
system is due to him. While he worked for his own 
line with gigantic energy, he lent his powers freely to 
develop and strengthen the interests of the whole 
West. Utterly incapable of being idle while he had 
strength enough to hold a pen, the interruption of his 
railroad work, and his partial withdrawal from legal 
business, left Mr. Smith to devise some new occupation 
to fill his time and keep his tireless intellect employed. 
Thus it came that in the last two years of his life he 
struck out an entirely new pursuit — authorship — and at- 
tained a very flattering degree of success in it. During 
all his professional career he had been noted for the 
humor and point of his stories, and his powers as an 
anecdutist ; and his students and the young members of 
the bar could find no more enjoyable an entertainment 
than to get Mr. Smith in a vacant hour to tell some of 
his reminiscences of the early bar and courts of the 
state, and of the incidents connected with them. In 
many of these were embodied sketches of the modes of 
life, fashions, tastes, dialect, and material condition of 
the backwoods, and they were even still more valuable 
as material for some future Hoosier Macaulay or Thack- 
eray than amusing as rare specimens of his genius as a 
" raconteur." He was often solicited to write out 
some of these stories and publish them, and early 
in July, l857i having, to some extent, withdrawn 
from the practice of the law, and his railroad en- 
terprise being obstructed for the time, he began the 
publication of a series of what he afterwards called 
"Early Indiana Trials and Sketches." They were pub- 
lished in the A?C\\y Jmimal, then and for some years be- 
fore and after edited by B. R. Sulgrove, Esq., who had 
been a law student with Mr. Smith and his partner, Mr. 
Yandes. The first (July 30, 1857) was a sketch of the con- 
dition of the state when he first began practicing law, of 
the free and easy manners of the bench and l^ar, and of the 
architectural style of the primitive court-houses. Fol- 
lowing were descriptions of trials and court incidents. 

some comical, some pathetic, but all interesting, and 
all redolent of the backwoods and early days. These 
were continued, sometimes every day for a few days 
together, sometimes every other day, till the last of 
September. Interspersed with these were occasional 
sketches of the prominent men and political events as- 
sociated with his own public and professional life. He 
had determined in the course of the first month of those 
publications to reproduce them in book form, and on 
the 6th of August, 1857, he took out his copyright. 
Early in 1S58 they were published by Moore, Wilstach 
& Keyes, of Cincinnati, in a handsome octavo volume 
of six hundred and forty pages. A steel-engraved por- 
trait fronts the title-page, with a fac-simile of his auto- 
graph, both as nearly perfect as the engraver's art can 
make them. The papers published in ihe Joiiri:al would 
have made a small volume, and, partly to get in a 
wealth of reminiscences and sketches of character with 
which his memory was filled, he added brief biographies 
of very many prominent men of the state and nation 
with whom he had been associated in one way or an- 
other, and reproduced some of their most characteristic 
productions. Thus he resurrected Thomas Corwin's 
inimitable picture of a "militia general of the peace 
establishment," at a militia parade, in which the 
great Ohio humorist so demolished the Michigan Gen- 
eral Crary that John Quincy Adams alluded to the 
latter as "the late General Crary." He also preserved 
that delightful description of a Hoosier home in the 
woods, onje so well known, now nearly forgotten, called 
the " Hoosier's Nest," by John Finley, of Richmond, 
Indiana; also his "Bachelor's Hall," more than once 
attributed to Tom Moore; and poems by John B. Dillon, 
Mrs. Bolton, and Mrs. Julia Dumont. Some of his 
sketches of political or legal contemporaries are very 
brief, and appear to have been written more to make 
up the requisite bulk of the volume than to unload his 
mind of matter that interested him, but in the main 
they present the strong points of the character depicted 
clearly, rind in many cases give us the best delineation 
we are ever likely to get of men who have passed away, 
but who once held the greatest interests of the country 
in their hands. But the chief value of the book is in 
its traits of primitive Hoosier life, revealed constantly 
in the sketches of trials and other incidents. It will not 
be long before the historian of the West will find these 
little glimpses of the early days of Indiana indispensa- 
ble to the truth of his work. And it is not at all im- 
probable that Mr. Smith will be better known fifty 
years hence by his book than by all his public life, 
better even than by his railroad achievement, for with 
that, durable as it may be, his name may not be asso- 
ciated, but from this account of the early days of the 
West his name can never be dissevered. The style, 
both of these sketches and of his speeches, was clear. 



Ijth Disl. 

strong, and compact. It was sometimes loose and care- 
less, but never confused or obscure. He knew exactly 
what he wanted to say before he tried to say it, and the 
definiteness of his own conception made his expression 
of it clear to every body else. When greatly excited in 
his forensic speeches his style frequently became terse 
and condensed in an unusual degree. He studied no 
beauties of rhetoric, no mere decorations of trope and 
metaphor, but gave his powers wholly to bring out as 
forcibly as possible the thought in his mind. And his 
best efforts often reminded a cultivated hearer of the 
old "Cyclopean Walls," the blocks carelessly dressed 
or left undressed, but so huge in size and so weighty 
that tliey were impregnable to any assault of logic or 
eloquence. Yet he could be graceful or elegant when 
the occasion allowed it, as in his reply to Matthew Hale 
Smith in the divorce case before alluded to. Usually, 
however, there was more strength than grace in his 
speeches and writings. In 1844 Mr. Smith attached 
himself to the Second Presbyterian Church of Indian- 
apolis, then under the charge of the celebrated Henry 
Ward IJeecher, even then very widely known for his 
eloquence and versatile genius. He continued in this 
communion during his life. Though never an obtru- 
sively religious man, and thoroughly despising Phar- 
isaism, he was a sincere Christian, and few men have 
lived more closely to the injunctions of religion than 
he. He never in his life gambled, drank, or indulged 
in any of the vices that are sometimes lightly dismissed 
as "sowing wild oats." He never had any s^ed of that 
crop of future mischief to sow. He was all his life a 
hard worker, and there is no such safeguard of moral 
purity as religious conviction, reinforced by systematic 
industry. He never used tobacco, or frequented places 
of amusement, or so little as to leave no impress 
upon his character. Rigidly moral himself, he was 
yet no bigot. Forms of faith troubled him very 
little. He held, with the poet, that " his faith 
could not he wrong whose life was right." He 
was always carefully well dressed, but without the 
slightest suggestion of personal interest in his apparel. 
He had a wholesome regard for appearances, though 
he would sacrifice neither time nor care to them 
alone. He rather prided himself, and with justice, on 
the neatness of his handwriting. His signature was 
quite a picture, and perfectly unique; and his chirog- 
raphy always, when not hurried, remarkably clear and 
legible and uniform. He frequently lectured his stu- 
dents on the value of a good hand, and once adminis- 
tered a rebuke as witty as it was apt to a student whose 
writing was unusually bad. Said he: "You have got 
the notion that, because great men sometimes write bad 
hands, it is the mark of a great man to write badly, but 
it is a mistake." "Well," retorted the student, "I 
suppose it does not make any difference in the correct- 

ness of the pleading whether the handwriting is bad or 
not." "No," said Mr. Smith, "and it would not make 
any difference in the force of your argument to a jury 
if you spoke in your shirt-tail, but it would not look as 
well." Though not as methodical as many in his busi- 
ness habits and dutie.s, he rarely neglected or forgot 
any thing, and was never taken by surprise or unprepared 
by the more astute antagonist. He mastered the case 
he was engaged with fully at the outset, or as nearly as 
possible, and he never overlooked any thing necessary to 
its effective treatment. His partner, Mr. Yandes, savs 
he spent less time in research than might have been ex- 
pected, but his memoiy was tenacious and contained a 
vast repository of precedents, that made it less neces- 
sary to him than most lawyers' to hunt through reports 
for the material for arguments. A very sanguine dis- 
position, and a constant cheerfulness and buoyancy of 
temperament, aided largely to carry him through his 
labors and make a success where less hopefulness 
might have yielded too far to take any serious trouble 
at all. His uniform high spirits were as striking a feat- 
ure of his character as his sound habits, purity of life, 
and force of will. He died on the evening of Satur- 
day, March 19, 1859, after a long and painful illness. 
On the 2ist a meeting of the bar of Indianapolis was 
held in the court-house to give expression to the feel- 
ings of the members on the sad occasion, and, after 
some appropriate and touching remarks by Mr. Yandes, 
his partner, a committee, consisting of Abram A. Ham- 
mond, then Lieutenant-governor of the state, Hugh 
O'Neal, and Jonathan W. Gordon, leading lawyers, re- 
porled a series of resolutions of "admiration and fond 
remembrance of the professional courtesy, talents, and 
exalted merits of our deceased brother, and of emulation 
of his virtues as the best tribute to his memory;" also, 
condoling with his friends, and declaring a period of 
thirty days to wear the usual badge of mourning. Eulo- 
gislic speeches were made by John I.. Ketcham, J. W. 
Gordon, ex-Governor Wallace, and Judge McDonald. 
On the 29th of March the resolutions of the bar were, 
on motion of ex-Governor Wallace, spread upon the 
records of the Circuit Court, and Mr. Yandes followed 
with a short biographical sketch and eulogy. Similar 
proceedings were afterwards held in the State Supreme 
Court, and in the Circuit and District Courts of the 
United States. 

— »"»ax — 

Indianapolis, was born in Harrison County, West 
Virginia, January 30, 1830. Abel Timothy Smith, 
his father, came from a long line of Smiths, dating 
i)ack 10 the earliest settlements in this country, and the 
records remain of many English generations still be- 
yond. His mother, Deborah Spencer Wilson, was the 

yth £>ist.\ 



daughter of Colonel Benjamin Wilson, of Revolutionary 
life and fame, who was the first clerk of Harrison 
County, Virginia. His parents were much interested 
in the education of their children, inspiring Ihem with 
noble aspirations, teaching them honesty and true great- 
ness by the Christian character they maintained, and 
always laying before them a worthy motive. His course 
of reading was as extensive as his circumstances would 
allow — one little public library, in which his father was 
a stockholder, and the limited supply of books of his 
friends, were all to which he had access. Often would 
he walk many miles to borrow a single book, and that, 
too, perhaps, after a hard day's work. All forgetful 
of weariness, he would read late into the night, till the 
imperious mandate of father or mother sent him to bed. 
Many thousands of pages were read by fire-light, and 
many hours spent lying on his back, holding up the 
book to catch the full glare of the feeble light. "My 
desire for knowledge," says he, "was a quenchless 
thirst." At the age of sixteen his education was only 
that afforded by the common schools. His parents now 
moved to the wilds of Indiana, where, away from teach- 
ers and libraries, away from the refinement of liberal 
education, in the labors of the field and forest, abundant 
opportunities were given for reflection on the subjects 
considered in school, and remembered from his previous 
course of history. The day that Indiana cast her vote 
for Zachary Taylor for President, Mr. Smith engaged 
in teaching school. It was a subscription, or "rate 
bill," school. He was to receive all the public money, 
which, at the end of thirteen weeks, was to be reck- 
oned as so much paid by the patrons. It was an old 
log-house in Princeton Township, White County. He 
received ten dollars from the public fund, while, by 
dint of collecting closely, he succeeded in getting five 
more. His next place was in the old frame court-house 
in Rensselaer, Jasper County. The edifice served the 
triple purpose of school-house, church, and temple of 
justice. He subsequently taught in Medina Township, 
Warren County, but was previously examined by Colonel 
J. R. M. Bryant, of that county, who is really the author 
of the Indiana school law of 1852. After a term in 
Fountain County, in the autumn of that year he en- 
tered college. By hard study he alone prepared him- 
self in natural philosophy, chemistry, astronomy, alge- 
bra, geometry, and Latin. A six years' course met him 
at the threshold, which he completed with an attend- 
ance of but three and one-half years ; and so hard 
pressed was he for means that he labored for wages, 
kept bachelor's hall in college, taught a year and a half 
during his course, and even then was often compelled 
to borrow money with which to get his letters from the 
post-office. Though his home was distant eighty-five 
miles, he made two round trips on foot. He speaks 
of his college life as an exquisite dream, and his teach- 

ers are remembered with great respect. The classics 
opened afresh the fountain of history, poetry, and art; 
the sciences, the field of experimental philosophy; the 
literary societies, the arena of forensic effort. On the 
nineteenth day of July, 1855, he was graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Three years later 
his Alma Mater conferred upon him his Master's 
degree. The conflict which led to the war was just 
opening. Mr. Smith had voted for General Scott in 
1852; he was a Whig of the straitest sort, but, upon 
the organization of the "People's Party," in 1854, on 
the basis of prohibition, and the freedom of the terri- 
tories, he stood with them, early taking sides with a 
few gallant men who became the founders of the Re- 
publican party. He has ever since held to the doc- 
trines of that party. On graduating, he found many 
places open to him. He accepted the chair of ancient 
languages in the Iowa Conference Seminary, now Cor- 
nell College, and, at the organization of the Institution, 
was chosen professor of natural sciences. After two 
years, he returned to Indiana, assuming charge of the 
Manchester Collegiate Institute, subsequently, for two 
years, superintending the public schools at Aurora. 
While there he felt it his duty to serve the Church more 
closely ; he entered the conference and took Monticello 
and Valparaiso stations in order, at the latter of which 
his health failed ; and, after a few months' rest, he was 
elected to the chair of ancient languages in Valparaiso 
Male and Female College, in two years succeeding to 
the ])residency. During this period he was for four 
years trustee of the public schools of Valparaiso, and 
two years superintendent (examiner) of the schools of 
that county. Three years of the war were now gone. 
Never, during his connection with this institution, did 
he allow a soldier's child or widow to leave school be- 
cause of straitened circumstances; he appropriated 
not less than one thousand dollars to assist in their edu- 
cation. Having resigned the presidency of this college. 
Bishop Janes at that year's conference appointed him 
to the Centenary Methodist Episcopal Church, at Terre 
Haute. This was an important charge, and so success- 
ful was Mr. Smith that in his two years' pastorale the 
membership increased to over two hundred, and this 
Church, though young, stood at the front in the con- 
ference. J5ut again disease laid its heavy hand upon 
him, and he was compelled to superannuate. With- 
drawing from the ranks of his professions, he began 
traveling, studying the school systems of several states 
in all their minor details of structure and peculiarity. 
In 1S72 he was nominated for the office of superintend- 
ent of public instruction on the first ballot, over several 
distinguished competitors, though he had been a candi- 
date but a few weeks. The contest was a close one. 
Mr. Smith's opponent, the incumbent, was a very pop- 
ular man, and by a combination of circumstances he 



[yt/i Dist. 

was elected by a few hundred votes. It can not be 
doubted that had Mr. Smith been elected he would 
have done honor to himself and to the state, for it was 
conceded that his liberal scholarship, thorough acquaint- 
ance with the public schools and the law, his knowl- 
edge of the history of the system and of the detail 
work of the office, would have placed him in the fore- 
most ranks of those most worthy to fill the place. 
His health, which was almost broken by the labor of 
the campaign of 1S72, being now greatly impaired, 
forced him to decline many offers of honorable posi- 
tions, notably the superintendency of the Crawfordsville 
city schools, and professorships in several prominent 
educational institutions. The care of Churches and 
schools, with prostrated health, prevented his taking 
any part in the late war, but no more active and earnest 
Union man was there to be found than Mr. Smith. 
Though attending to his pastorate at the breaking out 
of the war, he took a zealous part in raising troops; and, 
on behalf of the ladies of Monticello, presented a flag 
to the first company leaving there for the camp. The 
address made upon that occasion will long be remem- 
bered. One sentence had a thrilling effect : 

"Brave defenders of a nation's life, in which are 
shrined the safety of hearth and home, take this banner, 
wrought by loving hands. In the storm and smoke of 
battle, these stars and stripes waving over you shall be 
a harbinger of victory; and to him who falls, its glorious 
folds shall be a royal shroud and winding sheet." 

When offered the chaplaincy of the 9th Indiana 
Regiment," his physician advised that he should not go, 
as he would scarcely live three weeks in the service, 
and hence it was reluctantly declined. Mr. Smith is a 
Knight Templar in the Masonic Fraternity, and a mem- 
ber of the Encampment in the Independent Order of 
Odd-fellows. He is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, Arminian in creed, and a firm believer 
in the Bible as a divine revelation. He accepts religion 
as a supernatural growth in the heart. All these were 
taught him in his youth, while the most careful study 
and conscientious thought have only confirmed his early 
teaching. November 27, 1S55, he married Miss Ruth 
Ann Rankin, of Greencastle, Indiana. She is of clas- 
sical education, and of fine native and acquired musical 
ability. Of this union is a large fainily of children of 
intelligence and refinement. Their home is one of cul- 
ture and happiness. Mr. Smith is, perhaps, above the 
average in size; has fair complexion, blue eyes, brown 
hair ; his head is massive, and, as a result of reading 
by fire-light in his youth, is stooped. He is fluent of 
speech, and has a memory of most remarkable tenacity, 
quick perception, and rapid analytical powers. Skilled 
in polemics, he grasps the salient points of a question at 
once, and, cither in conversation or debate, his copious 
memory pours its unceasing stream of facts and figures 

out before him. In college he was known among the 
boys as the Historical Cyclopaedia. He does not stop 
to enter into technicalities, but not infrequently aston- 
ishes by his citation of the volume and page of works 
with which he could hardly be supposed to be familiar. 
With politicians he is at home, for all the contests in 
the country are familiar to him. He can quote the 
majorities in the various counties and districts for half 
a score of campaigns back. With ministers, he dis- 
cusses all the subtleties of the polemics of the Church- 
men, and among educators is an authority on all ques- 
tions to be met in their varied calling. His long 
experience as teacher led him into all the departments 
of a college curriculum. The power of adaptability to 
every circumstance is a happy faculty; in him it is re- 
markable. Having traveled extensively, and by all mod- 
ern methods, taking as well the fare of the cabin as that 
of the palace hotel, every-where he was alike at home. 
His sermon to the negro in the day of his bondage was 
full of encouragement and consolation, of sympathy 
and hope. During the darkest hours of the Rebellion 
he never lost hope, but said, "The cause is just, and, 
since God rules, justice will be done, though the 
heavens fall." As an example of his executive ability, 
his powers of application and endurance: In 1877, in 
order that he might take a little rest, he moved to 
Brookston, Indiana. It was his former home, and he 
took charge of the academy there as superintendent and 
principal. Many of his old friends came to him, re- 
questing that he take the pastorate of their Church, 
which he did, but, unexpectedly to him, two other ap- 
pointments were coupled with it. So that for an entire 
year he devoted six hours each day to his school, 
preached three times every Sabbath, had charge of a 
Sabbath-school, teaching a class in it all the time, and, 
in addition, completed and published a full series of 
official books for township officers and teachers, which 
are pronounced by the highest authority to be the best 
works of the kind ever offered to the public. They are 
known as the " Indiana Series of Official Books and 
Blanks." He is now engaged in the preparation of 
still another important work, and, should his life be 
prolonged yet a few years, his dream will be consum- 
mated in a history of "Western Pioneers." 

f]K TEELE, THEODORE, of Indianapolis, was born 
^^ in Owen County, Indiana, on the Iith of Septem- 
ber, 1847. His father, Samuel W. Steele, died in 
1862, leaving to his offspring only the legacy of a 
strong arm with which to do battle with the world. 
The subject of this sketch began his education in Mont- 
gomery County, Indiana, where he attended the Wave- 
land Collegiate Institute for five or six years. He then 

/ /^ ^ 

cj^m 0, Jy^^^^, 

•jth Dist.] 



commenced the study of art, toward which his incli- 
nations had drifted from early boyhood. He first went 
to Cincinnati, Ohio, and received there instruction from 
Isaac Williams, with whom he remained but a short 
time, when he went to Chicago, Illinois, and placed 
himself under the tuition of Mrs. St. John, an artist of 
considerable celebrity in that city. liut, as a matter of 
fact, be it said, to Mr. Steele's credit, he is the architect 
of his own succes^;. His self-instruction outweighs in 
vast proportion all he may have received from others. 
He located in Indianapolis in the fall of 1873, while 
the disastrous effects of the terrible financial crisis, 
which shook the country from center to circumference, 
was prostrating the interests of the city ; and, amid the 
wrecking of commercial houses heretofore considered 
the most substantial, and general loss and bankruptcy, 
he proceeded in a quiet and unobstrusive way with his 
painting, until he had won for himself an enviable po- 
sition among artists. Of him who has much, and 
makes of it a judicious disposition for his own advance- 
ment and well-being, we should speak highly, but of 
him who has nothing save his own determination, and 
yet aspires to an honorable standing in his community 
and before the world, too much can not be said in com- 
mendation ; and, when he has attained the object he 
seeks, his manly eflfort and merited success must com- 
mand our admiration. Hence we have, briefly, the ca- 
reer of Mr. Steele, and such, too, are the difficulties 
under which he labored. Mr. Steele has devoted him- 
self principally to portrait painting, for which he seems 
to have a peculiar talent. His heads are strong and 
vigorous in execution, harmonious in color, and im- 
pressed with the individuality of the subject to a re- 
markable degree. An insight into character, and the 
ability to transfer it to his canvas, have brought Mr. 
Steele a sure reward. He has painted many of the 
representative men of the state. In the state university 
he has a portrait of Doctor Richard Owen ; in Asbury 
University, portraits of Bishop Bowman and Professor 
Miles J. Fletcher ; at Wabash College and Butler Uni- 
versity he has other portraits. The studio of Mr. Steele 
is now room No. 30 in Fletcher & Sharpe's Block, a 
spacious apartment, well lighted, airy, and very desir- 
able in many other respects, while the walls are adorned 
with numberless portraits, many of eminent men of 
Indianapolis, together with sketches, and whatever 
else properly comes within the sphere of his crafl. 
'The writer of this brief sketch noticed, among the 
many excellent works there, the portraits of J. W. 
Riley, the poet ; Hon. J. W. Gordon, General T. A. 
Morris, Barry Sulgrove, Rev. William Wilson, and 
Calvin Fletcher and wife, but lately finished, and half 
lengths of his son and daughter, which latter are con- 
sidered by connoisseurs to be among his best works, and 
which he placed on exhibition at the Cincinnati Expo- 

sition in the fall of 1879. Mr. Steele is a man of high 
status and consummate skill in his profession. His 
reputation as a painter is now securing him a liberal 
patronage from lovers of art. 

fe. PANN, JOHN S., of Indianapolis, was born May 
^^ 24, 1823, in Jefferson County, Indiana. He is the 
®> third son of Hon. John L. and .Sophia Spann, 
'^l who came to Indiana about 1819, from Kentucky. 
General John L. Spann was a well-known farmer, who 
at different times served in both branches of the state 
Legislature, and in 1850 was a member of the Constitu- 
tional Convention. Being a member of the House of 
Representatives at the session of 1839-40, General 
Spann yielded to the solicitations of his son to accom- 
pany him to Indianapolis at the opening of that ses- 
sion. The boy had worked several years at Vernon, at 
the printing business, and, on coming to Indianapolis, 
sought earnestly for employment, and finally succeeded, 
his first situation being in a book and job office, kept 
by Stacy & Williams. He next worked as a compositor 
on the state work, for Cutler & Chamberlain ; and, after 
two or three years' further work as an apprentice and 
journeyman, tried his hand as an employer with Mr. E. 
Chamberlain for his first partner in a printing-office. 
Not being successful, he closed this connection in about 
a year. The qualities of industry, thrift, and order, in- 
herited from his New England mother (one of the ex- 
cellent of the earth), soon put him in a position of self- 
support and comparative independence. From his 
South Carolina father he inherited a taste for politics 
and affairs. He worked hard, lost no time, and saved 
his earnings; so that in time he attracted the notice of 
newspaper men and politicians, and soon became iden- 
tified with the press, his partnerships being successively 
with Alex. F. Morrison, George A. and J. P. Chapman, 
Doctor E. W^. H. Ellis, and John B. Norman, as here- 
inafter noted. His early educational advantages were 
scanty. The neighborhood school in Jefferson County, 
and for a time the town academy at Vernon, were 
about all, until he went into the printing-office, where 
he made the roost of his opportunities. Having such 
men as those above named as associates, and being am- 
bitious, he acquired such skill and information as came 
in the range of his employments. In the printing of 
Blackford's reports and other works of like character, 
in the reading of the proofs, and from reading a few- 
elementary law-books, some knowledge of legal princi- 
ples was acquired. On the 2d of June, 1847, at the age 
of twenty-four, Mr. Spann was married to Miss Hester 
A. .Sharpe, youngest daughter of the late Ebenezer 
Sharpe, for many years agent of state for the town of 
Indianapolis, and well known as a man of intelligence, 



[ 7th Dist. 

learning, and moral worth. To his excellent wife, Mr. 
Spann attributes much of the success they have achieved 
in their home and social life. In February, 1842, dur- 
ing the early ministry of Ileiiry Ward Beecher, Mr. 
Spann became a member of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Indianapolis, and has remained firmly at- 
tached to it, a zealous laborer in all its enterprises. In 
January, 1856, he was first elected a member of its 
board of trustees, and still is a member, having been 
re-elected at periods of three years. He has also been 
.since 1867 a ruling elder. When this beautiful church 
edifice was erected, he served on the building commit- 
tee, and for most of the time as its chairman. His 
first newspaper venture was the Indiana Democrat, his 
partner being the late Alex. F. Morrison, the firm being 
Morrison & Spann. The first number was issued No- 
vember 7, 1845. The paper had been going only about 
a year when the Mexican War broke out, and Mr. Mor- 
rison went with the Indiana troops as quartermaster, 
leaving Mr. Spann (then only twenty-two years old) 
with all the responsibilities of a political paper engaged 
in a bitter personal and political quarrel with the Chap- 
mans and their well established and powerful paper, the 
Sentinel, on his hands, to manage as best he could. Mr. 
Morrison had not made any arrangements iox any one 
to supply his place, and, the fight with the Chapmans 
being his own, Mr. Spann discontinued the Democrat, 
and formed a partnership with the Chapmans, under 
the firm name of Chapmans & Spann. This occurred 
in the fall of 1846. This new arrangement gave Mr. 
Spann a large field and a better opportunity to push his 
fortunes. He became acquainted with and made friends 
of many gentlemen who came to the capital as members 
of the Legislature, the courts, and the various orders, 
and many of these friendships have continued through 
a busy life. This association with the Chapmans con- 
tinued until the fall of 1850, when the Sentinel\i\ 
to Austin H. Brown; and the state printing-oflflce, or 
contr.icl, which the Sentinel held in the name of J. P. 
Chapman, was sold to Mr. Spann and Doctor E. W. H. 
KIlis, who just then entering upon his office of 
Auditor of State. In April, 1850, he was elected city 
treasurer; but the demands of the printing-office be- 
came so pressing that he resigned the office of treasurer 
in the fall of the same year. The firm of Ellis & Spann 
began the publication of the Indiana Statesman on the 
4lh (if September, 1850. 'Vhe Stnlaman was a Democratic 
paper with Free-soil tendencies, representing the views of 
Doctor Ellis, its chief editor. Though the paper made 
some money and was, its career was short. In 
consequence of certain business engagements of its own- 
ers it was discontinued at the end of the second year. 
It was as a member of this firm of ICIlis & Spann that 
Mr. Spann met with his first considerable financial suc- 
cess. At the end of this partnership with Doctor Ellis, 

Mr. Spann was thirty years old. He had been, as boy 
and man, about seventeen years in printing-offices, from 
roller boy and sweep through all grades up to the pro- 
prietorship. He tried to do every thing himself as far 
as possible — was first at the office and last to leave-=-so 
that at this time it seemed that his health was perma- 
nently impaired; and he settled up and sold out, with 
the belief that he had only a few years to wait for the 
end. But cessation from labor for a time proved that 
his trouble was overwork, and, finding himself fit for 
business again, in December, 1855, he re-purchased the 
Sentinel office, in connection with the late John B. Nor- 
man. A partnership with his old friend Norman w^as 
especially attractive, and for many personal reasons they 
both desired its continuance; but reasons of another 
kind soon developed which were of controlling impor- 
tance, and as a result the firm of Spann & Norman was 
dissolved, January 24, 1856, when the Sentinel was sold 
to Larrabee & Cottom, and Mr. Norman returned to the 
New Albany Ledger. This closed Mr. Spann's connec- 
tion with newspapers and the printing business. In 
1S60 Mr. Spann went into the real estate business as 
agent and dealer. The first office opened was in Hub- 
bard's Block, corner of Meridian and Washington 
Streets. In 1S62 he formed a partnership with Francis 
Smith, and removed to No. 50 East Washington Street. 
The firm of Spann & Smith was a prosperous one, con- 
tinuing four or five years, since which time Mr. Spann 
and his associates have done business under the firm 
name of John S. Spann & Co. His present partners 
are his two sons, Thomas H. and John M. Spann, both 
skilled in their line of business, having been -carefully 
educated and prepared by liberal culture at home and 
abroad in the best schools of the country. They are 
both young men of high character, and enjoy first-class 
business reputation. The credit of the business firms 
of which Mr. Spann has been a member was always 
first-class. It is believed that no note or payment fixed 
for a day certain ever passed its maturity. About the 
year 1855 Mr. Spann became interested, with Judge A. 
I,. Roache and others, in the effort to construct the 
Indiana and Illinois Central Railroad, from Indianapolis 
to Decatur, Illinois. He was in this enterprise as secre- 
tary and treasurer for several years; but the road lin- 
gered so long in an unfinished state that Mr. Spann 
abandoned all hope of it, and went into other business. 
In March, 1853, Mr. Spann was elected by the Legis- 
lature one of the trustees of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum, 
and served in that board until April, 1861. In 1864 he 
was elected a member of the board of trustees of the 
Indiana Institution for the Education of the Blind by 
the three boards of the state institutions acting jointly, 
as the law then was, to fill a vacancy. He was after- 
wards elected by the Legislature, on the 26th of Janu- 
ary, 1S65, to fill out that term; and on the 15th of 

7th Dist.\ 



March, 1S67, was again elected for a full term by the 
Legislature, serving till April, 1S71. In his early man- 
hood Mr. Spann became a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd-fellows, his lodge being Philoxenian, No. 
44, Indianapolis. Like every thing else he did, he devoted 
himself to this with real and energy. He attained to 
the highest offices of his lodge, and through them to 
membership in the Grand Lodge of the State. But, as 
Church and family and business duties increased, the 
order lost its hold upon him, and he has not been for 
many years a participant in its privileges or honors. 
None of these offices, though most honorable, were 
specially sought for, though he has in every case given 
to their responsible duties his best attention. He has 
not been an office-seeker deliberately, preferring the 
comforts and independence of home life to the possible 
honors to be won in more conspicuous places. 

jfiTNGLISH, WILLIAM H., of Indianapolis. 

ij;;' writer of this sketch a long time ago resided for 
(C'K several years in Greene County, Illinois, and re- 
=5?^ members well the town of Carrollton, the county 
seat, with all its pleasant surroundings. In the cemetery 
of that thriving but rather quiet town, there is, or was 
some years ago, an unpretentious monument standing 
by two graves, bearing the following inscriptions: 

"In memory of Elisha English, born March 2, 
176S, near Laurel, Sussex County, Delaware. Married 
Sarah Wharton, December 10, 1788. Removed to Ken- 
tucky in 1790, and to Greene County, Illinois, in 1830. 
Died at Louisville, Kentucky, March 7, 1857. He was 
a faithful husband, a kind father, and an honest man. 

"In memory of Sarah Wharton, wife of Elisha 
English. Died November 27, 1849, in the eighty-second 
year of her age. She was kind to her neighbors, de- 
voted to her family, and a noble woman in all the rela- 
tions of life. 

" My Father and my Mother. They lived lovingly 
together as husband and wife over sixty years, and, he- 
fore the tie was broken, could number two hundred 
living descendants. Their fourteen children all married 
and had children before a death occurred in the family. 
This monument is erected to their memory by Elisha G. 
English, of Indiana." 

These are the grand-parents, on the father's side, of 
the subject of this sketch, the Hon. William H. English, 
and the facts disclosed by these inscriptions embody the 
most that is known of their history. On the mother's 
side his grand-parents "sleep their last sleep" in the 
Riker's Ridge (or Hillis) burying-ground, a romantic 
spot near the Ohio River, a few miles north-east of 
Madison, Indiana ; and again recourse is had to a mon- 
ument which marks their graves, as containing an epit- 
ome of the most that is known of their history: 

"In memory of PHILIP Eastin, a lieutenant in the 
Fourth Virginia Regiment in the War of the American 
c— 14 

Revolution, who was buried in this secluded spot in the 
year 1817, leaving his widow and a large family of chil- 
dren to mourn his loss. ' He sleeps his last sleep, he 
has fought his last battle.' Honor his memory, for he 
was one of the brave and true men whose gallant deeds 
gave freedom and independence to our country. 

" In memory of Sarah Smith Eastin, who died near 
this place, and was buried here in the year 1843. She 
was married to Lieutenant Philip Eastin at Winchester, 
Virginia, in 17S2, near which place she was born, be- 
ing a descendant of the Hite family, who first settled 
that valley. The prosperity of early life gave place in 
her old age to poverty, and the hardships of rearing a 
large family in a new country; but she acted her part 
well under all circumstances, and died with the respect 
and love of all who knew her. Now that the joys and sor- 
rows of a long and eventful life are over, they sleep well. 
May they rest in peace. This monument is erected to 
their memory by their grandson, William H. English." 

Of the seventeen children born to this pair, Mahala, 
the mother of our subject, first saw the light in Fayette 
County, Kentucky, and now resides with her distin- 
guished son, and only surviving child, at Indianapolis, 
in the eighty-second year of her age, retaining in a re- 
markable degree her health and all her faculties. As 
an element of character, and one which all good per- 
sons recognize as essential to greatness, not one can be 
named so well calculated to inspire respect as a pro- 
found veneration for ancestors, and especially when its 
development draws the child even more to parents ns 
the weight of years increases. This trait of character 
was never more beautifully exhibited than in Mr. 
English's devotion to his parents. His honors and his 
prosperity only vitalized his affections for them, and in 
his elegant home, with all the refinements, comforts, 
and luxuries wealth could command, he demonstrated 
the goodness of his heart, the warmth of his affections, 
and the nobility of. his character; and Indiana, in all 
of her happy homes, presents no more beautiful picture 
of a son's devotion than is to be found in Mr. English's, 
where his mother, now over fourscore years of age, is 
enjoying all the fruitions that aflection can bestow. 
Her husband. Major Elisha G. English, who was one 
of the fourteen children referred to in the first inscrip- 
tion, died at his son's residence, in Indianapolis, No- 
vember 14, 1874, full of years and full of honors, and 
is buried in Crown Hill Cemetery. He was, however, a 
citizen of Scott County, Indiana, at the time of his 
death, as he had been for over a half century, having 
emigrated to that county, in 1818, from Kentucky, in 
which state he was born. As one of the pioneers of 
Indiana, he enjoyed, in the highest degree, ihe respect 
and confidence of the people ; was several times sheriff 
of his county ; for about twenty years a member of 
the Indiana House of Representatives or Senate, and 
for some time United States marshal for Indiana. 
When he first settled in the state, the great val- 
ley of the Mississippi, which is now an empire 


[ Jih Dist. 

within itself in wealth and population, was, com- 
paratively speaking, -a wilderness, the home of wild 
and savage beasts, and roving bands of scarcely less 
savage men. Indiana, one of the galaxy of states, 
near the center of the great valley, which have sprung 
into existence almost as if by enchantment — now the 
home of more than two millions of inhabitants, teeming 
with every luxury and blessing — then had just been 
born into the sisterhood of states, and the stealthy tread 
of the red man had scarcely ceased to be heard, as he 
prowled around the cabin of the adventurous and hardy 
pioneer on his errand of savage cruelty and death. 
In fact, only a few years before this period a fearful 
massacre of men, women, and children by Indians oc- 
curred in this very county, which is known in history 
as "the rigeon Roost massacre." Surrounded by such 
scenes of hardy adventure and of reckless daring, so 
familiar to the pioneers of the West, William H. 
English was born, August 27, 1822, at the village of 
Lexington, Scott County, Indiana ; and he has literally 
grown with his native state, and strengthened with her 
strength, until he has become thoroughly identified with 
her interests and prosperity. Both are now in their full 
meridian, and he bears the reputation of being one 
among the most far-seeing and energetic business men 
of the country. Tliis is the more strange when it is 
considered that he had previously reached great distinc- 
tion in public life — having entered that field in his 
early career, but voluntarily retired from it. The 
student of biography, especially the biographies of 
Americans who had been distinguished in war, pol- 
itics, literature, and science, has been impressed with 
the fact that those who in youth were subjected to the 
severest struggles have gained the proudest eminence 
in after life ; and Indiana has furnished a long list of 
names demonstrating the truth of the proposition, and 
the early life of Mr. English conspicuously illustrates 
it. Born at a time when school-houses were few and 
far between, he mastered the rudiments at an early age, 
and took a position in public affairs when others more 
favorably situated were dallying in the problems he had 
solved. This youthful heroism furnishes the key to his 
future success; the indomitableness of the boy fore- 
shadowing the man of affairs, who, learning the value 
of persistency in youth, would carry it into all 
the enterprises of manhood ; an example worthy 
of profound study by other youth of the country. 
His education was such as could be acquired at the 
common schools of the neighborhood, and a course of 
three years' study at the South Hanover College. He 
studied law, and was admitted to practice in the Circuit 
Court at the early age of eighteen years. He was sub- 
sequently admitted to the Supreme Court of his state, 
and in the twenty-third year of his age to the highest 
judicial tribunal in the country, tlie Supreme Court of 

the United States. His first license granted by 
John II. Thompson, president of the then Second Judi- 
cial Circuit of Indiana, and Miles C. Eggleston, pres- 
ident-judge of the Third Judicial Circuit. This was 
under the old system, when examinations were very 
thorough ; and the latter Judge was particularly the 
terror of applicants, by reason of his rigid examina- 
tions. Nor was license in the inferior courts in that 
day sufficient to entitle one to admission to practice in 
the Supreme Court of the state. Isaac Blackford, 
Charles Dewey, and Jeremiah Sullivan adorned the 
state Supreme Bench when Mr. English was admitted. 
The method of examination then was by written ques- 
tions, required to be answered by the applicant in 
writing, in the presence of the examining Judge, within 
a given time. The Judges then examined the answers 
at their leisure, and decided to admit or not, the same 
as they would decide on the merits of a case. At the 
term Mr. English was admitted ten others were admit- 
ted, but several were rejected, one being a practicing 
lawyer of some note in the inferior courts, who was 
subsequently a high military officer, a member of Con- 
gress, and Governor. About two years after this Mr. 
English was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court 
of the United States. The great change in the method 
of making attorneys in Indiana came in with the adop- 
tion of the new state Constitution, which made an entire 
revolution in the old order of things, by providing that 
"every person of moral character, being a voter, shall 
be entitled to admission to practice law in all the courts 
of justice." Less mischief has grown out of this radi- 
cal change than many at the time apprehended. Mr. 
English had all the elements of great success at the bar, 
had he continued in the practice; but he drifted into 
politics, and very soon into an office which kept him in 
Washington four years, and he never- again returned to 
the law as a profession. He was for a time associated 
in practice with the celebrated Joseph G. Marshall. At 
an early age Mr. English's inclinations turned to a po- 
litical life. His youthful ambition to win success, and 
opportunities which then presented themselves, com- 
bined to urge him in this direction of effort. However, 
in the calm reflection of later years, and in the full 
realization of these aspirations, he laid down the honors 
and emoluments of office to seek in the walks of busi- 
ness a more congenial vocation. He identified himself 
with the Democratic party, and took a prominent part 
in the political contests of his county even before he 
arrived at his majority. Several years before he was of 
age he was chosen a delegate from Scott County to the 
Democratic State Convention, at Indianapolis, which 
nominated General Tilghman A. Howard for Governor. 
There was no railroad connection with the capital at 
that time, and the roads were in such deplorable condi- 
tion that it took him six days' horseback riding to make 

jth Dist.'\ 



the round trip. He commenced making speeches in 
that campaign, and continued in active politics for many 
years. This was the celebrated "log-cabin and hard 
cider" campaign, which resulted in the election of Gen- 
eral Harrison to the presidency. But "Tippecanoe and 
Tyler too" did not prove as harmonious as the party 
that had sung and hurrahed them into power antici- 
pated. Harrison could not, in his old age, stand the 
worry and strain of the position, and died soon after 
inauguration. Tyler, who then became President, 
separated from the party that had elected him, and 
the Democrats were soon again in the ascendancy. 
Under the Tyler administratinn, Mr. English was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Lexington, his native village, 
then the county seat of Scott County. In 1S43, he was 
chosen principal clerk of the House of Representatives 
of his state, over several distinguished .ind worthy com- 
petitors. It was at this session that the Hon. Jesse D. 
Bright, the thon Lieutenant-governor, and president of 
the Senate, by his casting vote postponed the regular 
election of a United States Senator until the next ses- 
sion, which resulted in his own election. James D. 
Williams, now the venerable and respected Governor of 
Indiana, was then, for the -first time, a member of the 
House ; and he has several times made public mention 
of the fact that Mr. English then performed the same 
duties, and most satisfactorily too, with the aid of one 
assistant, that in these later years over a half dozen are 
paid to perform. David Macy, D. P. HoUoway, W. 
W. Conner, A. C. Handy, David McClure, J. S. Simon- 
son, and A. L. Robinson are among the distinguished 
members of that Legislature who yet survive, but most 
of them, including such distinguished names as Samuel 
Hannah, Thos. Dowling, J. S. Athon, Samuel W. 
Parker, W. A. Bowles, and W. A. Gorman, have passed 
to that bourne from whence no traveler returns. Mr. 
English's competitor in that election was George Tay- 
lor, who was probably benefited by the result, as he re- 
moved from the state to New York, where he was 
elected to Congress, and became a colleague of Mr. 
English in that body. They were devoted friends. 
Soon after the close of this session of the Legislature, 
the presidential canvass opened. The Whigs were led 
by their great champion, Henry Clay, and the Demo- 
crats unexpectedly took up James K. Polk, then com- 
paratively unknown. The question was at first asked. 
Who is James K. Polk ? The Whigs spoke sneeringly 
of him, and ridiculed the idea that he should be pitted 
against their great orator, hero, and champion ; but the 
Democrats said they were no hero-worshipers, and were 
soon singing, 

"On P.ilk anil D^illas M'eMl unite, 
Bec.■^u^e their principles are riglit." 

(Dallas and Frelinghuysen were the candidates of 
the respective parties for Vice-president.) The Whigs 

associated the name of Mr. Polk di.=paragingly with the 
plant known as the polk-stalk, the root of which is 
said to be poison; but the Democrats came back at 
them with, 

"We •!! (e.icli tlie Whigs rr.Ik is poison 
To Henry Clay ,-ind Fi eliiiglmysen." 

The Democrats turned the tables on their opponents 
completely by adopting the polk-stalks and hickory 
boughs as their emblems (the latter because Polk was 
from Tennessee and a friend of General Jackson, and 
hence called Young Hickory). These emblems were 
often stuck up over the door or gate to indicate the politics 
of the family, and, in the great political gatherings of 
the day, every Democratic wagon would be adorned 
with them. It was undoubtedly the most spirited canvass 
that ever took place in this country, and the success of 
the Democrats, under the seemingly fearful odds against 
them, wonderful. After the election of Mr. Polk to the 
presidency, to which Mr. English largely contributed, 
as an active and efficient politician in his section of the 
country, he was tendered an appointment in the Treas- 
ury Department at Washington, which he accepted, and 
continued to discharge its-duties during that administra- 
tion. He was not the man to disguise his principles or 
make an effort to keep a place under an administration 
he had opposed. He voted for the nomination of Cass 
in the National Convention, and had strenuously op- 
posed the election of General Taylor. He, therefore, 
on the day preceding the inauguration, sent to Mr. 
Polk a letter of resignation, which was extensively 
copied by the Democratic press, with comments approv- 
ing the independent spirit of its author. In the Na- 
tional Convention of 184S his father, Elisha G. English, 
and his uncle, Revel W. English, were vice-presidents, 
and two other uncles delegates. It was in that conven- 
tion he first met the now celebrated Samuel J. Tilden, 
who was a delegate from the state of New York. In 
this connection it may not be out of place to mention 
that four of these English brothers were members of 
the Legislature in four different states at the same time, 
and all of the Democratic faith. It will be observed 
that Mr. English is a Democrat not only by the sober 
judgment of his mature manhood, but by inheritance 
and the traditions of his family, and it may be said that 
the commanding positions he has held, his large experi- 
ence, and his knowledge of men and measures, all com- 
bine to strengthen his convictions that the principles of 
the Democratic party must prevail if we are to have a 
united and prosperous country. His own idea of what 
these principles are will be best understood by the fol- 
lowing vigorous and forcible words uttered by him in a 
late published interview: 

"I am for honesty in money, as in politics and 
morals, and think the great material and business inter- 
ests of this country should be placed upon the most 


\yth Dist. 

solid basis, and as far as possible from the blighting 
influence of damagogues. At the same time I am op- 
posed to class legislation, and in favor of protecting and 
fostering the interests of the laboring and producing 
classes in every legitimate wny possible. A pure, 
economical, consiitutional government, that will protect 
the liberty of the people and tlie property of the 
people, without destroying the rights of the states, or 
aggrandizing its own powers beyond the limits of the 
Constitution, is the kind of government contemplated 
by the fathers, and by that I think the Democracy pro- 
pose to stand." 

But Mr. English was not permitted to remain long 
out of public life. His abilities were universally recog- 
nized. He was a clerk of the Claims Committee in the 
United States Senate during the memorable session of 
the compromise of 1S50; heard Calhoun and Cass, Clay 
and Webster, Benton, and other great statesmen of the 
age, in those able forensic efforts which obtained so 
much celebrity, and led to the results so gratifying to 
every American patriot. Hon. A. H. Stephens, in his 
late eulogy of Senator Houston, truly said : "The Amer- 
ican Senate was, perhaps, at this period the most august 
body ever before assembled in this country. Cass was 
there. Hunter was there. Seward was there. Davis 
and Foole, of Mississippi, were there. Douglas was 
there. It was by this body and the House of Repie- 
sentatives, after a most exciting and protracted debate 
for months, that the great sectional questions were 
peacefully adjusted in 1850, under the lead and auspices 
mainly of Clay, Webster, Cass, Foute, and Douglas. 
Mr. Calhoun died while the debate was going on." And 
the pure patriotism of such men, the grandeur of their 
eloquence, the far-reaching benefits of the measure pro- 
posed and advocated, left a fadeless impression on Mr. 
English's mind, that inspired his ambition, broadened 
his views, and contributed largely in giving him influ- 
ence in the councils of the nation when he became a 
member of the national Legislature. At the close of 
the session he resigned his position and returned to his 
home in Indiana. The people of that state had just 
decided to call a convention to revise the state Consti- 
tution, which had been adopted in 1S16, and, after an 
existence of over a third of a century, the adoption 
of a new Constitution, in accord with the spirit of the 
times, was approached with much caution. Every one 
felt the necessity of confiding the trust to the wisest 
and best men of the state; and it is doubtful whether 
a superior body of men ever assembled for a like pur- 
pose to that which assembled at Indianapolis in Oc- 
tober, 1850, to prepare a Constitution for the great slate 
of Indiana. Mr. English had the distinguished honor 
of being elected the principal secretary of the conven- 
tion, and of officially attesting the Constitution which 
was prepared by the convention, after over four months' 
deliberation, and ratified by an overwhelming vote of 
the people. Some idea of the high character of this 

body may be formed by the fact that over twenty of its 
members have since held high official positions in the state 
and national governments: two were elected Vice-iiresi- 
dents of the United Stales (Colfax and Hendricks), two 
to the United States Senate, four to the Supreme Bench 
of the state, twelve were elected to Congress, two 
elected State Treasurer, two Auditor of State, and many 
to other honorable positions. At the adjournment, the 
convention assigned to Mr. English the important trust 
of supervising the publication of the Constitution, the 
journals, addresses, etc. As secretary of the conven- 
tion, he added largely to his reputation, and the fact 
was recognized that his abilities were of a character to 
command a wider sphere of usefulness to the party and 
to the country. The adoption of the new Constitution 
made a necessity for a thorough revision of the laws 
of the state, and the same high order of talent was 
needed to mold the law.s as had been required to 
prepare the Constitution itself. It was, therefore, a 
great honor to Mr. English that, in 1851, he was elected 
to represent his native county in the state Legislnture, 
against an opposition majority, and over a competitor 
considered the strongest and most popular man of his 
party in the county. This was the first meeting of the 
Legislature under the provisions of the new Constitu- 
tion, and judgment and discretion were required of the 
Legislature to put the new state machinery into harmo- 
nious and successful operation. It was, therefore, no small 
compliment for so young a man as Mr. English to have been 
chosen over so many older and more experienced citizens. 
But a still greater honor awaited him, for, notuitli- 
standing he was then but twenty-nine years of age, and 
it was his first session as a member, and, also, that tliere 
were many old, experienceil, and distinguished men in 
that Legislature, when the caucus to nominate speaker 
was held, he received twenty-two votes, to thirty-one 
for Hon. John W. Davis, who had been long a mem- 
ber and speaker of the United States House of Repre- 
sentatives, and had also been Minister to China. Eaily 
in the session, on a disagreement between the House 
and Speaker Davis, he called Mr. English to the chair, 
and resigned the position of speaker. The next day 
Mr. was elected by twenty-eight majority, and 
it may be mentioned, as an evidence of his ability and 
popularity as a presiding officer, that, during his long 
term of service (over three months), no appeal was 
taken from any of his decisions. This was the more 
remarkable as it was the first session under the new 
Constitution, when many new points had to be de- 
cided. In the course of his remarks on assuming the 
chair, he said : 

"We re]iresent, in the aggregate, a million of peo- 
ple, with, probably, as many great interests to protect, 
and conflicting opinions to reconcile, as can be found 
in any state of the confederacy. 

yth Dist.\ 



" The new Constitution, as well as the wishes of our 
constituents, demand the enactment of a full and com- 
plete code of laws, general in their application, corre- 
sponding with and carrying out the principles of the 
Constitution, adapted to the spirit of the age, and the 
wants and expectations* of the people. The limits and 
restrictions thrown around future Legislatures by our 
organic law make ir necessary that this great work 
should be completed at the present session. If well 
done, as it should be, it is truly a Herculean task, re- 
quiring greater research and more intense application 
and labor than has devolved upon all the Legislatures 
of this state combined for the last eight years." 

This Legislature, whicii convened on the 1st of De- 
cember, 1S51, continued in session until late in the fol- 
lowing June, being by far the longest and most impor- 
tant session ever held in the state. We give somewhat 
lengthy extracts from Mr. English's valedictory address, 
because of its historical interest as a clear and concise 
statement of the great reforms then made in our entire 
system of laws and state government, and the Legisla- 
ture which did this great work. He said : 

"Never have I known the members of any assembly 
manifest stricter integrity of purpose, more laborious 
application, more gentlemanly deportment, or a greater 
desire to promote the interests of the people, and avoid 
the useless consumption of time. 

" It is true the session has been of unusual length, 
but no one conversant with what was to do, expected it 
to be otherwise. The Constitutional Convention, fore- 
seeing the necessity, wisely exempted the first General 
Assembly from the restriction as to length of session. 
The whole temple of government, from spire to founda- 
tion stone, had to be taken down, remodeled, and re- 
built, so as to conform to the new Constitution and the 
progress and improvements of the age. 

"An examination of the acts of previous Legisla- 
tures, other than local, will show that the average num- 
ber passed at each session does not exceed fifty. There 
have been introduced into the present General Assembly 
not less than five hundred and sixty bills, besides innu- 
merable resolutions, constitutional inquiries, reports, 
and propositions, some of them involving questions of 
the greatest moment, and all requiiing more or less 
consideration. Of all the bills introduced some two 
hundred and fifty have become laws of the land — prob- 
ably equaling the aggregate number of the general 
acts passed by the five ]>receding Legislatures — extend- 
ing to every essential subject of government, and recon- 
ciling differences anfl interests widely sundered by 
geographical positions, diversity of habits, opinions, and 
employments, inequality in the size of the counties, and 
the previous system of local legislation." 

Mr. English concluded by saying: 

**If a feeling of enmity has been engendered in any 
heart, let it not be taken beyond these walls. Let us 
separate as a band of brothers, each one prepared to 
say of the other throuL;h the rest of life, 'He is my 
friend; we served together in the first Legislature un- 
der the new Constitution.' " 

Mr. English was placed in nomination for speaker by 
his friend Andrew Humphreys, then, as now, a Repre- 
'sentative from (Jrecne County ; and seconded by his 

friend, Mahlon D. Manson, then a member from Mont- 
gomery County, since then a member of Congress, 
a hero in two wars, a general, and now Auditor of 
State. In glancing over the list of members of this, 
the first House of Representatives under the present 
Constitution, the writer recognizes, among thee believed 
to be yet living, such distinguished names as I. D. G. 
Nelson, A. J. Hay, W. S. Hclman, V. M. Kent, D. C. 
Stover, J. S. Huffstettcr, G. O. Behm, J. V. Lindsey, 
Willard Carpenter, R. M. Hudson, J. F. Suit, Calvin 
Cowgill, H. Erady, R. Hucy, J. Dice, Judges Gookins, 
Stanfield, and Eccles, Messrs. Shanklin, Foster, and 
King; but, as in the case of the House of 1S43-44, 
most of the members have passed away, including such 
well-known names as W. B. Beach, W. Z. Stuart, T. 
W. Gibson, Samuel H. Buskirk, J. \V. Dobson, Robert 
Dale Owen, John W. Davis, J. R. M. Bryant, and 
General Schoonover. Just before the election of Mr. 
English as speaker, he was selected by Speaker Davis 
as one of a committee of five to revise the laws of the 
state, but declined. But many radical and highly ben- 
eficial reforms in the laws of the state were made at 
this session, which Mr. English in some instances origi- 
nated, and to the success of which he largely contribu- 
ted, such as the change in the system of taxing railroads, 
and the substitution of the present short form of deeds, 
mortgages, etc., for the long intricate forms. Mr. English 
has, in an eminent degree, that force and energy of 
character which leads to successful action, and has left 
his impress upon the measures of every deliberative 
body, company, or association to which he has be- 
longed. In a word, he has all the elements of a bold, 
aggressive, and successful leadership. If lost with a 
multitude in a pathless wilderness, he would not lag 
behind waiting for some one else to plan or open up 
the pathway of escape. He would be more apt to 
promptly advise which was the best way out, or make 
the road himself and call upon his comrades to follow. 
With the close of the long session of the Legislature of 
1851, in which Mr. English had earned golden opinions 
from men of all parties, he was justly regarded as one 
of the foremost men of the state, and the Democrats 
of his district, with great unanimity, solicited him to 
become their standard-bearer in the race for Congress. 
He was nominated, and in October, 1S52, was elected 
by four hundred and eighty-eight majority over his very 
worthy competitor, John D. Ferguson, now deceased, 
with whom he was always on terms of the warmest per- 
sonal friendship. Mr. English was an active participant 
in the canvass which resulted in the election of the 
then comparatively unknown, but really great and good 
man, Franklin Pierce, over the world-renowned Gen- 
eral Winfield Scott. Mr. English entered Congress at 
the commencement of Mr. Pierce's administration, and 
gave its political measures a waim and hearty .support. 



nth Dist. 

It was a memorable period in the history of the country, 
a time when questions of far-reaching consequences had 
their birth ; and which, a few years subsequently, 
tested to the utmost limit the strength of the Repub- 
lic. It was the time for the display of unselfish 
patriotism, lofty purpose, moral courage, and un- 
wavering devotion to the Constitution. Mr. English 
met the demand. He was equal to the responsi- 
bility of the occasion. He never disappointed his con- 
stituents, his party, or his country. He displayed his 
national qualities of prudence, sagacity, and firmness. 
It was at the opening of this Congress that the famous 
Kansas-Nebraska bill was introduced. Mr. English was 
a member of the House Committee on Territoi-ies, which 
was charged with the consideration and report of the 
bill. He did not concur with the majority of the com- 
mittee in the propriety and expediency of bringing for- 
ward the measure at that time, and made a minority 
report, on the 31st of January, 1S54, proposing several 
important amendments, which, although not directly 
adopted, for reasons hereafter explained, probably led 
to modifications of the bill of the Senate, which was 
finally adopted as an amendment to the House bill, 
and enacted into a law. Both the House and Senate 
bill, at the time Mr. English made his minority report, 
contained a provision "that the Constitution, and all 
laws of the United States which are not locally inappli- 
cable, shall have the same force and effect within the 
said territory as elsewhere in the United States;" and 
then followed this important reservation : 

"Except the eighth section of the act preparatory to 
the admission of Missouri into the Union, approved 
March 6, 1820, which was superseded by the principles 
of the legislation of 1850, commonly called the compro- 
mise measures, and is hereby declared inoperative." 

Mr. English proposed to strike out this exception, 
and insert the following : 

"Provided, that nothing in this act shall be so con- 
strued as to prevent the people of said territory, through 
the properly constituted legislative authority, from pass- 
ing such laws in relation to the institution of slavery, 
not inconsistent with the Constitution of the United 
Slates, as they may deem best adapted to their locality, 
and most conducive to their happiness and welfare ; and 
so much of any existing act of Congress as may conflict 
with the above right of the people to regulate their 
domestic institutions in their own way be, ami the same 
is hereby, repealed." 

In the history of this subject given in the first vol- 
ume of Mr. Horace Greeley's "American Conflict," the 
opinion is expressed that this proposition of Mr. English 
could not have been defeated on the call of the yeas 
and nays; and the author goes on to explain and con- 
demn the new and ingenious parliamentary maneuver 
resorted to at the time, which cut off all amendments 
but the substitution of the Senate bill for the bill of the 
House. "Thus," says Mr. Greeley, " tlie opponents 

of the measure in tlie House were precluded from pro- 
posing any amendments or modifications whatever, when 
it is morally certain that, had they been permitted to do 
so, some such amendment as Governor Chase's or Mr. 
English's would have been carried." The parliamen- 
tary maneuver referred to brought the House to a vote 
on the Senate bill, which, in the mean time, had been 
offered as a substitute for the House bill, was adopted, 
and became the law. Now, there is one point in the 
history of this important measure, not very clearly de- 
veloped in Mr. Greeley's account {in the main fair and 
accurate), which it will be well to refer to. It is true 
the Senate and House bills were substantially the same 
on the 31st of January, when Mri English offered his 
amendments ; but, before the 8th of May, when the 
House substituted the Senate bill for its own, and 
passed it, material modifications had been made in the 
Senate bill. It was the modified bill, and not the bill 
of the 31st of January, that became the law. For ex- 
ample, on the isth of February, two weeks after Mr. 
English submitted his amendments (the Senate and 
House bills being up to that time in substantially the 
same shape), the Senate adopted an amendment, which 
had been submitted by Senator Douglas on the 7th of 
February, striking out a portion of the same clause 
Mr. English had proposed to strike out, and substitut- 
ing the following : 

"Which, being inconsistent with the principle of 
non-intervention by Congress with slavery in the states 
and territories, as recognized by the legislation of 1850, 
commonly called the compromise measures, is hereby 
declared inoperative and void ; it being the true intent 
and meaning of this act not to legislate slavery into any 
territory or state, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to 
leave the people thereof perfectly free to form and reg- 
ulate their domestic institutions in their own way, sub- 
ject only to the Constitution of the United States." 

This amendment satisfied some of those members 
who at first regarded the measure with disfavor, and a 
comparison will show to what extent it embodied or 
harmonized with the amendment Mr. English had pre- 
viously ofi'ered. It is undoubtedly true, as the congres- 
sional records will show, that Mr. English brought 
forward the "popular sovereignty" idea in the minority 
report made by him to the House of Representatives in 
January; that the same idea was submitted to the 
Senate in February and adopted by that body ; that 
the House then adopted the amended bill of the Senate 
as a substitute for the House bill, and it thus became a 
law. Hence the debate and public attention was di- 
rected almost exclusively to the Senate bill. The objec- 
tions made in Mr. English's minority report to the 
proposed boundaries of the territory were also obviated 
by amendments. No doubt these modifications, and a 
desire to act in harmony with the Democratic adminis- 
tration, influenced some of the Democratic members 

///: Bist.] 



from the free states to support the bill, wlio, like Mr. 
English, thought its introduction unfortunate and ill- 
timed. Senator Douglas was justly regarded as the 
great leader and champion of the "popular sover- 
eignty" idea. So far as the advocacy of that principle 
was concerned, Mr. English was with him, and it will 
not be out of place to state here that, although some 
slight political differences ultimately sprung U]> between 
them in relation to the "English bill," hereafter men- 
tioned, they were always personal friends, and for many 
years the relations between them were of the most 
intimate character. As far back as 1845 ^I''. Douglas 
wrote President Polk urging that Mr. English be ap- 
pointed recorder of the general land office, and Mr. 
English has many letters from Mr. Douglas expressing 
the most cordial friendship. The controversy about the 
institution of slavery, which had been going on, with 
but little intermission, ever since the formation of the 
government, r.aged with greatly increased bitterness 
during the eight years immediately preceding the war. 
During all this period, Mr. English was in Congress, 
and more or less identified with the measures involving 
the question of slavery. It is therefore, perhaps, proper 
to briefly define the position he occupied upon this 
great question of the age, as gleaned from his speeches 
and the congressional history of the period. "I am," 
said he, in one of his speeches, "a native of a free 
state, and have no love for the institution of slavery. 
Aside from the moral question involved, I regard it as 
an injury to the state where it exists, and, if it were 
proposed to introduce it where I reside, would resist it 
to the last extremity." On the other hand, he greatly 
deprecated and unsparingly denounced the aggressive 
measures of the Abolitionists, and their persistent agita- 
tion of the subject. He believed in faithfully maintaining 
all the rights of the slave-holding states, as guaranteed 
by the Constitution, and thai it would be wisest to refer 
the question of slavery to that best and safest of all 
tribunals — the people to be governed. "They are the 
best judges of the soil and climate and wants of the 
country they inhabit ; they are the true judges of what 
will best suit their own condition, and promote their 
welfare and happiness." Speaking for himself and his 
constituents, he said, upon another occasion: "We do 
not like this institution of slavery, neither in its moral, 
.social, nor political bearings, but consider that it is a 
matter which, like all other domestic affairs, each organ- 
ized community ought to be allowed to decide for 
itself." The idea of "leaving the people of every state 
and territory perfectly free to form and regulate their 
domestic institutions in their own way, subject only to 
the Constitution of the United States," seemed to be in 
accordance with the genius of our American institutions; 
but the storm raised by the passage of the Kansas-Ne- 
/ braska bill resulted in the defeat of nearly all the mem- 

bers from the free states who voted for it. In fact, Mr. 
English was one of tlie only three in the United States 
who commanded strength enough to survive the storm. 
He was unanimously nominated for re-election to Con- 
gress, and elected by five hundred and eighty-eight ma- 
jority — an increase of one hundred — over his Whig and 
Know-Nothing opponent. Judge Thomas C. Slaughter, 
now deceased, a bitter partisan, but a warm personal 
friend of Mr. English to the end of his life. During 
Mr. English's congressional career the country, in addi- 
tion to other causes of agitation, was visited with a 
fanatical cyclone known as Know-Nothingism, that, for 
a time, threatened to overwhelm and obliterate the tra- 
ditions and laws of the country, and to create the most 
odious distinctions of citizenship, based upon religion 
and nationality. Never did the war of prejudice and 
ignorance beat with greater force upon the most sacred 
guarantees of the Constitution; never was the public 
mind more thoroughly permeated with hostility to- 
ward men of foreign birth ; nor was there ever a 
period in the history of the Republic when religious 
animosities assumed such a repulsive and defiant aspect. 
Foreign-born citizens were to be ostracized, and men's 
freedom to worship God according to the dictates of 
their own consciences was to be restricted. The virus 
spread in every direction. It laid hold upon young 
and old ; Know-Nothing lodges sprung up every-where; 
hates engendered in every home lurked in every hiding 
place, and found expression in every meeting of the 
mysterious order. To expose the evil designs of the or- 
der, to break its power and arrest its progress, was no 
easy task. The work required courage of the highest 
order, and into it Mr. English threw himself in a spirit 
of self-abnegation which commanded the applause of all 
right-thinking men. In Mr. English the foreign-born 
citizen had a friend indeed. The force of his logic and 
the fearlessness of his denunciations battered down 
sophisms, prejudices, and the spirit of exclusiveness 
wherever they offered resistance ; reason regained its su- 
premacy, and after a brief period Know-Nothingism dis- 
appeared, to take its place in history beside witchcraft 
and other monstrous delusions that have from time to 
time cursed the world. It was a Democratic victory to 
which no man in the nation contributed more than did 
William H. English, in his gallant canvass against the 
Know-Nothings in the Second Congressional District of 
Indiana in 1854. It would be difficult for persons now to 
comprehend the great excitement in the country at this 
time, and particularly in Mr. English's district, sepa- 
rated from Louisville only by the Ohio River, at which 
place many foreigners had recently been killed by a 
mob growing out of the Know-Nothing agitation. The 
same spirit existed on the Indiana side, but Mr. English, 
with that boldness which has ever characterized him, 
fought the doctrines of the Know-Nothing party, and 



[ Ith Dist. 

the "search, seizure, and confiscation temperance law" 
party, upon every stump, and came out victorious, but 
he was the only Democrat but one elected to Congress 
at that time from Indiana. In consequence of this gal- 
lant fight, as well as from his broad, liberal, and con- 
servative views, Mr. English has always been popular 
with our foreign population. He continued to support 
the policy of the administration of President Pierce 
during the Thirty-fourth Congress. He was a regent of 
the Smithsonian institution for eight years, and, during 
this Congress, made a speech in defense of the manage- 
ment of the institution which was highly commended 
by Professor Henry, Charles Henry Davis, and other 
eminent scientific gentlemen. Mr. Davis went so far as 
to write a letter in which he said Mr. English was en- 
titled to "the gratitude and friendly regard of every 
scientific man in the country whose opinions are thought 
worth repeating." And Professor Henry, who was long 
on the most intimate terms of friendship with Mr. 
English, wrote of this speech that "it was admirable, 
and would redound to the credit of the author, as well 
as to the advantage of the institution." Whilst a re- 
gent of the Smithsonian, Mr. English had much to do in 
managing the finances of the institution, which was so 
successful and satisfactory that Professor Henry spoke of 
it in the warmest terms of commendation. Professor 
Henry, it will be remembered, was the principal mana- 
ger of this great institution, and one of the foremost men 
of science, not only in this country, but in the world. 
In this speech Mr. English evinced higher qualities of 
statesmanship than are developed in caucus and the 
usual combats of partisans— a statesmanship that en- 
ters within the domain of science and art, and that 
seeks through the agencies which enlightened govern- 
ments can command to elevate and reform the people, 
and to place within their reach facilities for the highest 
culture. At the end of Mr. English's second term he 
avowed his intention of not being a candidate for Con- 
gress again, and requested his constituents to select 
some other person. The convention which met to nom- 
inate his successor, however, after balloting forty-two 
times without making a choice, finally determined, 
unanimously, to insist upon Mr. English taking the field 
for the third time, which he reluctantly consented to do, 
and was elected by a larger majority than ever before. 
Mr. Speaker Orr appointed him chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Post-offices and Post-roads — an important po- 
sition, the duties of which are very arduous, and which 
he discharged with ability. In the mean -time the agi- 
tation of the slavery question continued, and the Kansas 
controversy assumed a new and more dangerous aspect 
than ever. Application was made to admit Kansas as 
a state under what was known as the Lecompton Con- 
stitution, which did not prcihibil slavery; and this was 
fuvorLd by tliu Suiilli, ai.d aku by I'lcMdcnl llucliauan's 

administration, but was opposed by ftlr. English and 
others, mainly on the ground that there had been no satis- 
factory vote by the people of Kansas in its favor. There 
was so much excitement and violence in Kansas at this 
time, and so much that was irregular and unlawful, 
that it was difficult, sometimes, to determine what had 
been properly done, what was regular and lawful, and 
what not. Mr. English acquired his widest reputation 
during this Congress by his course upon the Kansas 
policy of the administration. He steadily and firmly 
opposed the admission of Kansas under the Lecompton 
Constitution, until it had been ratified by a vote of the 
people. Hitherto he had acted and voted in harmony 
with Ihe Democratic administration, but he now found 
it impossible to persevere in that course. In the closing 
paragraph of a speech delivered by him in the House 
of Representatives, in exposition of his views upon that 
questioif, he clearly defined his position and his ulti- 
matum. He said: 

"I think, before Kansas is admitted, the people 
ought to ratify, or, at least, have a fair opportunity to 
vote upon, the Constitution under which it is proposed 
to admit her; at the same time I am not so wedded to any 
particular plan that I may not, for the sake of harmony, 
and as a choice of evils, make reasonable concessions, 
provided the substance would be secured, which is the 
making of the Constitution, at an early day, conform to 
the public will, or, at least, that the privilege and oppor- 
tunity of so making it be secured to the people beyond 
all question. Less than this would not satisfy the ex- 
pectations of my constituents, and I would not betray 
their wishes for any earthly considerations. If, on 
the other hand, all reasonable compromises are voted 
down, and I am brought to vote on the naked and un- 
qualified admission of Kansas under the Lecompton 
Constitution, I distinctly declare that I can not, in con- 
science, vote for it." 

During the long and exciting contest over this ques- 
tion, which has seldom before been equaled in bitter- 
ness, and was really the prelude to the terrible civil war, 
Mr. English never departed from the position taken in 
this speech. As a party man, he was anxious to heal 
the divisions that had sprung up among his political 
friends upon this question, and to relieve the administra- 
tion and the South from the position they had taken, 
which Mr. English in his heart considered impolitic 
and dangerous. He was " anti- Lecompton," but not of 
those who wished to cripple the administration or break 
up the Democratic organization. He boldly and elo- 
quently appealed to his Southern colleagues. Alluding 
to the recent defeat of the Democracy at the North, he 

"It should not be forgotten, that, when we men of 
the North went forth to encounter this fearful army of 
fanatics, this great army of Abolitionists, Know-Noth- 
ings, and Republicans combined, you, gentlemen of 
the South, were at home at your ease, because you had 
not run coiintcj to the syni]ialhies and ]i()]nilnr senti- 
nienls of >our pcujile ; ) uu went with the current, we 

yth Dist.\ 



against it. We risked every thing, you comparatively 
nothing; and now I appeal to you whether, for the sake 
of an empty triumph of no permanent benefit to you 
or your 'peculiar institution,' you will turn a deaf ear 
to our earnest entreaties for such an adjustment of this 
question as will enable us to respect the wishes of our 
constituents, and maintain the union and integrity of 
our party at home ? Look to it, ye men of the South, 
that you do not, for a mere shadow, strike down or 
drive from you your only effective support outside the 
limits of your own states." 

The great contest filled the country wTth the most in- 
tense excitement, and awakened the apprehensions of 
the most thoughtful and patriotic citizens. For five 
months it was the all-engrossing topic in Congress, ab- 
sorbing the attention of Senators and Representatives, 
and standing in the way of the transaction of all useful 
and legitimate public business. The Senate saw proper 
to pass a bill admitting Kansas under tlie Lecompton 
Constitution, without limit or condition; but this bill, 
although it commanded the favor of the President and 
his cabinet, failed to receive the sanction of the House 
of Representatives. The House, on the other hand, 
passed a b'll as a substitute for that of the Senate, but 
this the Senate would not accept, or the executive ap- 
prove. Thus was an issue formed between the great 
co-ordinate branches of the government, whose joint 
and harmonious action could alone remove the danger- 
ous question and give peace to the country. In this 
stage of the proceedings, when the whole country had 
about abandoned the hope of a settlement of the dis- 
agreement between the two Houses, and the angry con- 
test was likely to be adjourned for further and pro- 
tracted agitation before a people already inflamed with 
sectional animosities, Mr. English took the responsibility 
of moving to concur in the proposition of the Senate 
asking for a committee of free conference. The excite- 
ment upon the occasion had scarcely ever been equaled 
in the House of Representatives. Upon adopting this 
motion the vote was a tie^-one hundred and eight to 
one hundred and eight; but the speaker voted in 
the affirmative, and the motion carried. The com- 
mittee on the part of the House was composed of W. 
H. English, of Indiana; A. H. Stephens, of Georgia; 
and W. A. Howard, of Michigan. On the part of the 
Senate, J. S. Greene, of Missouri; R. M. T. Hunter, 
of Virginia; and \V. H. Seward, of New York. As 
the Senate had asked for the conference, the mana- 
gers on behalf of that branch of Congress were informed 
by Mr. English that pr .-positions for a compromise r ttst 
first come from them. If they had none to offer, the 
managers on the part of the House had none, and the 
conference would immediately terminate. The mana- 
gers on the part of the Senate made several proposi- 
tions, none of which, however, were acceptable to the 
members on behalf of the House. The Senate com- 
,mittee then asked the members from Ihc House tf they 

had any compromise to offer, to which Mr. English 
replied that he had none prepared, but he had a plan 
in his mind, based, however, upon the principle of a 
submission of the question of admission under the Le- 
compton Constitution, and an amended ordinance, to a 
fair vote of the people of Kansas; and, if the commit- 
tee thought it worth while, he would prepare it, and 
submit it to them at their next meeting. They told him 
to do so. This is the inside history of the origin of the 
great Kansas Compromise measure, commonly called 
the "English bill," which finally passed both branches 
of Congress, and became the law. This law was, in 
efTect, to place it in the power of the people of Kansas 
to come into the Union under the Lecompton Constitu- 
tion or not, as they might themselves determine at a 
fair election. It was not a submission as direct as Mr. 
English himself preferred, as is hereinafter explained, 
but was the best he could get under the complica- 
tions then existing, and was a substantial vindication of 
the doctrine of "popular sovereignty" advocated in his 
minority report on the Kansas-Nebraska bill in the 
Thirty-third Congress. It is impossible for persons now 
to realize the agitation and excitement in the country 
at that time over the " English bill." It was denounced 
in the strongest language by many, and as highly 
praised by others. Its passage was hailed with firing 
of cannons, illuminations, and public rejoicings in many 
places. Its friends looked upon it as a solution of the 
whole difficulty. The President of the United States, 
Mr. Buchanan, was highly gratified, and wrote Mr. En- 
glish a letter of congratulation, which Mr. English has 
preserved, in which he said : 

"I consider the present occasion the most fortunate 
of your life. It will be your fate to end the dangerous 
agitation, to confer lasting benefits on your country, and 
to render your character historical. I shall remain al- 
ways your friend." 

On the night after the passage of the bill there was 
a great jollification meeting in Washington City, which 
serenaded the President and Mr. English, and of which 
the Union newspaper said : 

" It was a time of congratulation among all true- 
hearted Union men. About nine o'clock the .Marine 
band passed up towards the executive mansion in a 
large omnibus, drawn by four horses, and was followed 
by an immense concourse. The cannoneers were also 
out, and thundered forth their field-piece opposite the 
north front of the executive mansion, while the band, 
taking its position beneath the portico, played ' Hail 
Columbia.' Before they had completed a dense cro\\ d 
had congregated, and was constantly increased by new 
arrivals, until at least two thousand persons were assem- 
bled, including quite a number of ladies. The time, 
the place, the exultant cheers, the loud booming of the 
cannon, the patriotic strains of the band, all combined 
to form a picturesque and imposing scene, which vill 
long be remembered by those who were fortunate 
enough to witness it." 



[7/h Dist. 

In the course of the speech made by the President, 
lie said : 

"This is a great occasion on which you have as- 
sembled. It is far above men. The best interests of 
tlie country were involved in the long contest which is 
so happily terminated. I hope and believe that the re- 
sult will tend to promote the peace and prosperity of 
our glorious Union." 

Mr. English, the author of the bill, was, of course, 
one of the heroes of the occasion ; but we can only 
give a few extracts from his speech. In the course of 
his remarks he said : 

"Let us all stand together in this great confederacy 
as equals, each state having the right to regulate its 
own domestic institutions in its own way; and let us 
apply this doctrine not only to Kansas, but to all the 
territories which may come into this Union for all time 
to come. That is the doctrine of the Democratic party; 
and when that party is struck down the best interests 
of the country will be struck down. Stop tliis agita- 
tion, and let us act, not like visionary fanatics, but 
practical men. Let well enough alone, and leave the 
solution of this matter to time and Providence. If we 
can not stand upon the doctrine of non-intervention, 
wliere can we stand in safety ? 

" I am here as one of the representatives of a West- 
ern state. It is a conservative state ; it is the one 
which gave the largest majority of any one in the 
North for the President. I know that it is the feeling 
of the people of Indiana that the interests and rights 
of the South should never be trodden under foot. Wc 
do not intend to surrender any of our rights, and we do 
not believe that the people of the South desire to tres- 
pass upon our rights ; if they did, we should rise up as 
one man to resist it, and we would resist it to the last. 
While we shall be careful to protect our own rights, we 
shall be equally careful not to trespass upon the rights 
of our brethren in other states. Upon such broad, na- 
tional ground as this we can all stand ; and if we do, 
this confederacy will continue increasing in prosperity 
and glory. We must discard all these sectional ideas. 
We must cultivate a greater feeling of respect and sym- 
pathy for each other, and for those of different sections ; 
and I trust and hope this is the dawn of a new era. I 
trust and hope we shall hear no more of these sectional 
agitations. Every good man and lover of this country 
ought to set his face against them. I speak the senti- 
ment of the entire Deinocracy of my state when I say 
that we will do battle faithfully to protect the rights of 
the people of every portion of the confederacy, and 
that we shall stand by the Constitution and the Union 
to the last." 

Mr. English never claimed that the " English bill " 
was entirely as he wished it. In a speech made long 
after its passage, he said : 

"It was not to be expected that a bill upon a sub- 
ject of so much magnitude, preceded by such intense 
excitement, long and heated debates, close votes, and 
conflicts between co-ordinate branches of the govern- 
ment, could be enacted into a law in a manner satis- 
factory lo all, or without violent opposition. Noth- 
ing in man's nature, or the history of the past, war- 
ranted any such expectation. Thirty millions of excited 
people are not easily quieted, and a question which 
could agitate a whole nation was not likely to be re- 

moved without a struggle and some sacrifice of opinion. 
These things will all be considered by those who 
are disposed to judge fairly. Wise and patriotic men 
could well approve of a measure, originating under 
such circumstances, which they would have objected to 
as an original proposition. I am free to say that, if the 
bill had been an original proposition, depending alone 
upon my approval to shape it inio law, I should, with- 
out sacrificing its substance, have changed in some re- 
spect some of its provisions. It was no time, however, 
to cavil about non-essential points or unimportant words; 
no time to manifest a captious or dogmatical disposi- 
tion. A little might well be yielded to the judgment 
of others, if necessary, to achieve a successful result in 
a matter of such importance. 

" Perfection in every respect was not claimed for the 
conference bill. Its friends set up no unreasonable or 
extravagant pretensions in its behalf, and they now 
have the proud satisfaction of knowing that it has 
realized all they ever claimed for it. It was enough 
that it contained the substance, and was the very best 
that could be secured at the time and under the circum- 
stances which then existed. 

"In that spirit it was agreed to in committee; in 
that spirit enacted into a law. It sprang from the ne- 
cessity of the case, and was supported in the hope of 
reconciliation and peace. If those who gave it their 
support erred, it was in yielding too much, in the praise- 
worthy effort of removing a dangerous question from the 
national councils and restoring harmony to a highly ex- 
cited people." 

Under this law the question of admission under the 
Lecompton Constitution was, in effect, referred back to 
the people of Kansas, and they voted against it, just as 
Mr. English and almost every one else expected they 
would do. Even so bitter a partisan as Mr. Greeley 
then was admitted, in his history, that the vote cast on 
the proposition submitted by the English bill "was, in 
effect, to reject the Lecompton Constitution." Thus 
the result was accomplished which Mr. English had 
contended for from the beginning, and there is no in- 
consistency in his record upon this subject. On the 
final vote which admitted Kansas as a state, he was 
still a member, and voted for her admission. The pop- 
ular current in the North was still strongly against the 
Democratic administration, and the English bill entered 
into the ensuing political campaign, and came in for 
the usual ampunt of misrepresentation and abuse. Mr. 
English had again been brought forward for re-election, 
and the contest in his district assumed a national im- 
portance. His political opponents made extraordinary 
efforts to defeat him, and there was at one time some 
disaffection with a portion of his political friends, who 
thought he ought to have voted for the admission of 
Kansas under the Lecompton Constitution. This dis- 
affection finally subsided, resulting, probably, in part, 
from letters written by the President himself, in which 
he spoke in the highest terms of Mr. English. In one 
to Mr. English he said: 

"I. omit no opportunity of expressing my opinion 
of how much the country owes you for the English 

flh Dist.\ 



amendment. Having lost the bill of the Senate, which 
I preferred, the country would have been in a sad con- 
dition had it not been relieved by your measure. It is 
painful even to think of what would have been the 
alarming condition of the Union had Congress ad- 
journed without passing your amendment. I trust you 
will have no difficulty in being renominated and re- 
elected. If I had a thousand votes you should have 
them all with a hearty good will," 

In fact, although Mr. English had at one time firmly 
opposed a leading measure of the administration, the 
President was well aware that it was from conscientious 
convictions, and always manifested the most friendly 
feeling for him. These kindly relations existed to the 
end of Mr. Buchanan's life. After the passage of the 
English bill, the President offered to confer the highest 
political honors upon Mr. English, but he declined re- 
ceiving any executive appointment. The same offer of 
executive favors occurred under the administration of 
President Johnson, with whom Mr. English had been 
on terms of the most intimate friendship ever since the 
winter and spring of 1844-45, ''^ which ^ time they 
boarded at the same house, and Mr. Johnson, then a 
member of Congress from Tennessee, aided in procuring 
an office for Mr. English under President Polk. In the 
former case Mr. English felt that his acceptance might 
be misunderstood, and he preferred remaining an inde- 
pendent representative of the people; and in the latter 
he preferred remaining in that private station he had 
then chosen, so that he could look after his own im- 
mense business and the interests of a great financial in- 
stitution of which he was the president. Mr. English 
entered Congress with Thomas A. Hendricks, Elihu B. 
Washburn, and John C. Breckinridge, and, in addition 
to these distinguished gentlemen, had for his colleagues 
many who have made great names in their country's 
history, such as William Appleton and N. P. Banks, 
of Massachusetts ; Governors Fenton and Morgan, Rus- 
sell S.ige and Francis B. Cutting, of New York; Asa 
Packer and Galusha A. Grow, of Pennsylvania; Gov- 
ernors Smith and Letcher, Thomas S. Bocock, and 
Charles J. Faulkner, of Virginia; Governors Aiken and 
Orr, of South Carolina; Colquitt and Stephens, of Geor- 
gia; Houston, of Alabama; Singleton, of Mississippi; 
Disney, Campbell, Edgerton, Corwin, Shannon, and 
Giddings, of Ohio; Boyd, Bristow, Elliot, Preston, and 
Stanton, of Kentucky; Jones, Zollicoffer, and Etheridge, 
of Tennessee; Governors Yates and Bissell, of Illinois; 
Governor Phelps and Thomas H. Benton, of Missouri ; 
Governor Bell, of Texas; Governor Latham and Mc- 
Dougal, of California; General Joe Lane, of Oregon. At 
subsequent sessions John Sherman, W. S. Groesbeck, and 
George H. Pendleton, of Ohio ; Roscoe Conkling, of New 
York; and Schuyler Colfax, of Indiann, became mem- 
bers, so that it may be said of Mr. English's colleagues 
that two of them became Vice-presidents of the United 

.States, and six are now prominently mentioned for the 
high office of President. Of his colleagues in the 
United States House of Representatives, Messrs. Atkins, 
Cox, John T. Harris, Scales, O. R. Singleton, Stephens, 
and Wright still adorn that body; and Messrs. Conkling, 
Dawes, Lamar, Logan, Morrill, Pendleton, Vance, and 
Windom are now distinguished members of the Senate. 
It is a sad commentary upon the short duration of human 
life, and the transitory nature of all earthly honors, 
that of the two Senators and eleven members of the 
House, constituting the Indiana delegation in the 
Thirty-third Congress, which ended in 1854, all are now 
dead but Thomas A. Hendricks and William 11. 
English. During Mr. English's service in Congress 
there were two notable contests for the speakership, 
which made great excitement at the time and are likely 
to live in history. The first was at the beginning of 
the Thirty-fourth Congress, when the American or 
Know-Nothing party held a small balance of power, and 
which, after a fierce and protracted struggle, resulted 
in the election of N. P. Banks, by a fusion of the mem- 
bers of that party with the newly formed Republican 
party. The second one took place at the beginning of 
the Thirty-sixth Congress, when John Sherman, now 
the distinguished Secretary of the Treasury, was nomi- 
nated by the Republicans for speaker; but, after two 
months of great excitement, and a multitude of ballots, 
in which various persons were voted for, Governor Pen- 
nington, of New Jersey, was finally elected. In the 
course of this struggle Mr. English made a little speech, 
from which we make a short extract, as it refers point- 
edly to his previous political history. He said: 

"Those who are acquainted with my personal and 
political history know that I have never belonged to, or 
sympathized with, any other than the Democratic party. 
I have stood with that party against all the political 
organizations that have from time to time been arrayed 
against it. When the old Whig party existed, I 0]i- 
posed it upon those issues which have become obsolete, 
and are no longer before the country. Upon the great 
question of slavery, which is the vital question of this 
day, I stand where the Democracy stood, and the Whig 
]iarty stood, as long as the Whig party had an exist- 

"Upon the advent of the Know-Nothing or Ameri- 
can party, I opposed it persistently, and particularly the 
jieculiar doctrines of that party in relation to naturaliza- 
tion and religion. My views upon these subjects have 
undergone nO' change. I am for our raturalizalion laws 
as tliey stand, and for the entire freedom of religious 
belief, and would resist to the last any infringement 
upon the one or the other." 

The election of 1858 resulted in the return of Mr. 
English to Congress by a larger majority than ever. 
There had been no change in the boundaries of his dis- 
trict, but his career in this, as in every thing else, 
had been upward and onward ; his majority gradually 
increasing at each election, from four hundred and 


[7th Dist. 

eighty-eight in 1852, to eighteen hundred and twelve in 
1S58, and this at a time when Democratic Congressmen 
were almost swept out of existence in the North- 
ern states. In the mean time the split in his polit- 
ical party continued to widen, and the shadows of 
the great Civil War began to be visible to his keen and 
experienced vision. Mr. English was then a member 
of the national campaign committee, having for his col- 
leagues C. L. Vallandigham, of Ohio; William Barks- 
dale, of Mississippi; Miles Taylor, of Louisiana; Will- 
iam Bigler, of Pennsylvania; T. S. Bocock, of Virginia; 
John .\. I.ogaii, of Illinois; and John Cochrane, of New 
York. The approaching Democratic National Conven- 
tion, at Charleston, South Carolina, was a great event, 
pregnant with mighty consequences both to that party 
and the country. Mr. English was not a delegate, but 
he went to Charleston to do what he could as a peace- 
maker, to prevent, if possible, the division of the Dem- 
ocratic party. If the judgment of such prudent and 
practical men as Mr. English had been followed, there 
would have been but one Democratic presidential ticket, 
and such a conservative patriotic platlorm as probably 
would have commanded success. And if it had been 
successful how different might have been the history of 
this country! But those who labored (or harmony 
labored in vain, and Mr. English returned to Washing- 
ton before the convention adjourned greatly discouraged 
at heart, but still hoping all would end well. Imme- 
diately after his return he made a speech in Congress. 
It was before the breaking up at Charleston, and just 
at the time the feeling of anxiety on the part of the 
public was at the zenith. Mr. English commenced this 
great speech by saying: 

"If I were to speak upon the topics which seem to 
be absorbing the attention of every body now, it would 
be upon the scenes that have been enacted and the 
events which are transpiring at Charleston. 

" I may be permitted to say, sir, upon this subject 
of the presidency, that I have but little sympathy with 
those who imperiously demand * Caesar or nobody;' no 
sympathy with that rule-or-ruin spirit which has been 
exhibited too much of late in both wings of the Dem- 
ocratic party, and to which may justly be attributed 
wliatever difficulties now exist. 

"I shall not attempt, on the present occasion, to 
characterize this rule-or-ruin spirit in that language I 
conceive it so justly merits; but I venture to predict 
that, if disaster or serious trouble ensues, the masses of 
the Democratic party never will forgive, as they never 
ought to forgive, those who will have needlessly pre- 
cipitated this state of affairs upon the country. 

"It is not to be denied that, just at this time, dark 
and ominous clouds seem to be 'lowering over our 
house;' but I have an abiding faith that these clouds 
will soon break away, and leave the glorious sun of De- 
mocracy shining brightly as ever. 

"Sir, mere political storms have no terror for me, or 
for the great party to which I belong ; and, for the 
present, I shall go upon the supposition that whatever 
storms may have prevailed at Charleston were necessary 

for the purity and healthfulness of the political atmos- 
phere, as natural storms are known to be for a like pur- 
pose in the physical world." 

Had there been that spirit of concession and har- 
mony in his party that Mr. English so earnestly invoked 
in his speech and elsewhere, a Democrat might have 
been elected President, and possibly the terrible civil 
war avoided ; but the conflicting elements could not, or 
would not, be harmonized. The administration men 
would not have Mr. Douglas for President under any ' 
circumstances; Mr. Douglas's friends would not have any 
body else. It was the old imperious demand for Csesar 
or nobody. The result was a disastrous defeat. Then 
came the movement in the South in favor of dissolution. 
Mr. English was for pacification, if possible, and favored 
every measure tending to that result. On the .subject 
of secession he was as firm and bold in opposing the 
views of his former political associates from the South 
as he had been in opposing the admission of Kansas as 
a state under the Lecompton Constitution. He de- 
nounced it from the beginning, and made every effort 
to induce Southern members to abandon it. In a 
speech in the House of Representatives he plainly told 
the South that " the great Democratic party, that has 
so long and so justly boasted of its nationality, must 
not degenerate into a mere Southern sectional party, or 
a party that tolerates the sentiment of disunion ; if it 
does, its days are numbered, and its mission ended." 
Alluding to the folly of the South threatening to break 
up the Union because of the election of a sectional man 
to the President's chair, he told them that a corporal's 
guard of Northern men would not go with them out 
of the Union for such a cause, and that his constituents 
would only "march under the flag and keep step to the 
music of the Union." Addressing the Southern mem- 
bers, he said : 

"Looking at this matter from the particular stand- 
point you occupy, it is to be feared you have not always 
properly appreciated the position of the free state De- 
mocracy, or the perils which would environ them in 
the event of a resort to the extreme measures to which 
I refer. Would you expect us in such an event to go 
with you out of the Union ? If so, let me tell you, 
frankly, your expectations will never be realized. Col- 
lectively, as states, it would be impossible, and as indi- 
viduals inadmissible; because it would involve innu- 
merable sacrifices, and a severance of those sacred ties 
which bind every man to his own immediate country, 
and which, as patriots, we never would surrender." 

But his appeals were all in vain. The time for rea- 
son and appeals to patriotism, in that direction at least, 
had passed. The crisis of the great American conflict 
was at hand. It was now inevitable that the angry 
controversy would be transferred from the halls of 
Congress to be decided by a bloody and relentless war; 
an event he had hoped would never come, and zealously 
labored to avert. He now determined nl all hazards 

■jth Dis/.] 


to retire from Congress and active polilical life, having 
served continuously througli four terms. That he retired 
with the full and unqualified indorsement of his con- 
stituents is shown by the fact that the convention which 
nominated his successor adopted unanimously the fol- 
lowing resolution: 

"Resohed, That, in selecting a candidate to represent 
this district in the Thirty-seventh Congress, we deem it 
a proper occasion to express the respect and esteem we 
entertain for our present member, Hon. W. H. English, 
and our confidence in him as a public officer. In his 
retirement, in accordance with liis well-known wishes, 
from the position of Representative, which he has so 
long filled with credit to himself and benefit to the 
country, we heartily greet him with the plaudit, ' Well 
done, thou good and faithful servant.' " 

Thus did he retire from an active participation in 
political aflTairs as an office-holder, without ever having 
sustained a defeat before the people, in the full meridian 
of success, and with strong prospect of being advanced 
(had he made the effort) to still higher political honors. 
Mr. English was offered the command of a regiment by 
his personal friend. Governor Morton, but declined, 
and in person took no a-ctive part in the war; but he 
was a firm and consistent supporter of the Union cause. 
The following account of a speech made by him about 
the time of the commencement of the war is t.iken from 
the Madison Courier, a paper not of Mr. English's 

"Mr. English spoke for over an hour. He said that 
he had informed Southern men more than a year ago, 
in a speech in Congress, that he disapproved of seces- 
sion in Mo, and that it could never have his counte- 
nance and support. It was also well known that he 
was opposed to the Republican doctrines, and should 
boldly assail Mr. Lincoln's policy whenever he thought 
it wrong; but, as a native of Indiana, thoroughly identi- 
fied with free state interests, he felt that his allegiance 
was exclusively due to the state of Indiana and govern- 
ment of the United States, and he should accordingly 
abide in good faith by their laws, and stand under the 
old, time-honored flag. He trusted that the bitter cup 
of civil war might be passed from our lips, and he 
would exliaust every possible means of maintaining the 
peace; but, if nothing will do but war, then we must 
all stand or fall together." 

This was an eventful and trying period in his life. 
He had abandoned the field of politics, and declined 
employment as an officer in the army. He had grown 
rusty in the law. After many years of intense activity, 
and at his age, he could not be satisfied to sit down in 
his little native village and do nothing. He tried it, 
but before the end of a year worried himself, on ac- 
count of his inactivity, into a long spell of sickness, 
and gave up the "retired and quiet life" idea in 
despair. He always had an aptitude for finance, and 
was encouraged to go into banking by his friends Hugh 
McCulloch (then about entering upon the duties of 
Comptroller of the Currency) and the great bankers, J. 

F. D. Lanier, of New York, and George W. Riggs, 
of Washington City. The two latter became stock- 
holders with him in the First National Bank of Indian- 
apolis, which was founded by Mr. English in the spring 
of 1863. Of course this required Mr. English to remove 
to Indianapolis, where he has since resided. This 
bank was among the first organized in the United 
States under the national system, and the very first to 
get out its circulation. It was several years before 
another was organized in Indianapolis, and that was the 
period of its greatest prosperity. It went into existence 
at the time of the nation's greatest peril, when it most 
needed that financial aid — the very "sinews of war" — 
which the organization of national banks was then 
thought best calculated to give. The national system 
of banking was untried, and at that time was viewed 
with distrust and disfavor not only by many persons on 
political grounds, but also many others, especially those 
already established in banking under other systems, 
who very naturally did not care to encourage rivals in 
business. This was, to some extent, true of Indian- 
apolis, where the field had already long been occupied 
by bankers who deservedly possessed the confidence of 
the public in the highest degree — notably the Fletchers, 
Sharpes, and Harrisons, who were known and recognized 
by every body as men of strict integrity, great wealth, 
and the highest order of business qualifications. But 
great and good kings do not care to have a rival near 
the throne. These were private bankers, doing well, 
and so, at that time, not much fancying this new and 
untried system ; and it, no doubt, looked to them like 
great presumption, as it really was, for a man without 
bnnking experience, and entirely unknown 10 fame as a 
financier, to come up out of the humble little county of 
Scott and undertake to compete with them in the bank- 
ing business. But in this, as in all his other undertak- 
ings, Mr. English steadily persevered until he achieved 
a splendid success. He was soon recognized as a first- 
class business man, and gradually grew in favor with 
his colleagues and the public until he was president of 
the Indianopolis Clearing House Association, and presi- 
dent of the Indiana Banking Association — the recog- 
nized head of the profession in his city and state. In 
the spring of 1S76 a convention of bankers from all 
parts of the United States was held in Washington 
City, which Mr. English attended, and he was chosen 
as one of the committee to appear before and address 
a committee of Congress upon certain matters of finance. 
A special dispatch to the Chicago Times said, that 
" the two notable addresses of the session were made by 
E. G. Spaulding, author of the national banking act, 
and William H. English, of Indiana. The latter's ad- 
dress consisted in the main of statements based upon 
tables and estimates, and a comparison of treasury re- 
ports, of great and general interest to the country." 


[7th Dist. 

The bank of which he was so long president com- 
menced wilh a capital of only one hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars, but he had the sagacity to secure as 
stockholders such men as J. F. D. Lanier, George W. 
Riggs, Governor O. P. Morton, Governor T. A. Hen- 
dricks, Hon. Franklin Landers, and Hon. J. A. 
Cravens, and other gentlemen of the very highest finan- 
cial and political standing, and under his admirable 
management very large dividends were paid the stock- 
holders and the capital increased to a million dollars, 
with several hundred thousand dollars surplus. For 
over fourteen years Mr. English presided over the bank 
with remarkable ability and unquestioned fidelity, 
until it was recognized as the first financial institution 
in the state, and among the first in the United States. 
In the mean time Mr. English had acquired the con- 
trolling interest in the various street railway lines of the 
city, and was largely interested in real estate and other 
business enterprises, which so severely taxed his ener- 
gies that his health became somewhat impaired ; and, as 
his wife had long been in such feeble health as to make 
removal for a time to a warmer climate desirable, he 
determined to retire from active business. Accordingly, 
on the 25th of July, 1877, he resigned the presidency 
of the bank. In his letter of resignation to the stock- 
holders and directors, he very feelingly said: 

"After a life of unceasing labor from earliest boy- 
hood, and the great care and responsibility of presiding 
over this large institution since its formation, over four- 
teen years ai;o, I feel it a duty I owe both to myself 
and an invalid wife, whose condition requires my special 
attention, to take a season of rest from all active business ; 
and I must, therefore, beg you to accept this resignation 
as president, to take effect from and after this date. 

" In severing this connection, and taking my leave 
of you, I can truly say, there are but few partings in 
this world I should feel more keenly than this. It may 
well excite tender feelings to retire forever from an in- 
stitution which has been under my special care since its 
foundation, and to sever the confidential business rela- 
tions whicli have so pleasantly existed with its stock- 
holders and officers for over the third of a generation. 

"What important events have transpired within that 
period ! We have passed through one of the greatest 
civil wars of modern times, and are just now, I trust 
and believe, beginning to emerge from a long and dis- 
astrous period of financial distress, the legitimate se- 
quence of events growing out of the war. 

"I can conscientiously say, before God, that in all 
these years I have earnestly endeavored to faithfully 
and efficiently discharge my duties as your president. 
With what result the record can best testify." 

The stockholders and directors accepted his resigna- 
tion with deep regret, and, in doing so, unanimously 
adopted the following resolutions ; 

"Ki'sohed, That the directors and stockholders of this 
bank sincerely regret the causes which impel the resig- 
nation of the Hon. William M. English, so long presi- 
dent of this institution; and that, in accepting the same, 
they desire to express their thanks to him for the very 

great financial ability, constant watchfulness, and perfect 
fidelity with which he has managed it from its organiza- 
tion to the present time. 

"A't'solved, That the executive committee of the board 
be directed to have prepared and present to him a suit- 
able testimonial, as a memento of our personal regard 
and esteem, and that he carry with him our most sin- 
cere wishes for a long life of usefulness and happiness." 

In pursuance of the latter resolution there was pre- 
sented to Mr. English a magnificent gold medal, with 
profuse symbolical ornaments in the highest style of art, 
bearing on one side the words, " Fortitude, Strength, 
Fidelity," and on the reverse the following inscription: 

"Presented to Hon. William H. English, founder, 
and over fourteen years president, of the First National 
Bank of Indianapolis, as a memento of the personal es- 
teem of the stockholders and directors, and their high 
appreciation of his very great financial ability, constant 
watchfulness, and perfect fidelity, July 23, 1877." 

Soon after retiring from the bank Mr. English sold 
out all his stock in the street railway and other com- 
panies, and now does not own a dollar of stock in 
any corporation whatever, which is very remarkable for 
a man of his large wealth. The clear-headed compre- 
hension of the situation during the great financial panic 
of 1873, and his cool and judicious management upon 
that trying occasion, did very much to prevent disaster 
to the Indianapolis banks, and to elevate him in public 
estimation as a good leader in great emergencies. One 
of the leading newspapers, the People, referring to this, 
said: "His conduct throughout the panic proved that 
his heSrt was in the right place, that the best interests 
of the city were in his thoughts, that he had the nerve 
and the will to sink self and proffer aid to those need- 
ing it." Mr. English has always been the bold and 
fearless advocate of honest money and sound and con- 
servative financial principles. Upon this important 
question his record is faultless, and so uniformly con- 
sistent that his position is never questioned. In a late 
interview he said : 

"For myself, I want our money to rank with the 
same standard recognized by all the great commercial 
nations of the world. I want no depreciated or unre- 
deemable paper forced upon our people. I want the 
laboring man, when pay-day comes, to be paid in real 
dollars, that will purchase just as much of the necessaries 
of life as the dollars paid to bond-hojders or office- 
holders, and with as great purchasing power as the best 
money in the best markets of the world. Honesty, in 
my judgment, is the best policy in finance and politics, 
as well as in morals generally; and if politicians would 
take half as much trouble to instruct and enlighten the 
masses that they do to take advantage of their supposed 
prejudices, it would be far better." 

Of this bold and patriotic declaration of Mr. English, 
the Boston Post no doubt echoed the general sentiment 
when it said : 

" If we could have the ear of every Democrat in the 
country, we should be glad to know if any thing better 

■jth Dist.] 



than this has been iitteretl, and who can honestly dis- 
sent from it?" 

On the evening of Octol)er 25, 1873, a large meeting 
of the members of the Board of Trade and business 
men of Indianapolis took place, which the papers of 
the next morning designated as "the most noted assem- 
blage of the sort held in the city for years." There 
was much excitement, and strong and general feeling 
that a further inflation of the currency was the best 
remedy for existing and threatened financial evils. Al- 
most solitary and alone, Mr. English combated the 
correctness of this position, and in a forcible speech did 
much lo change the current of thought upon the sub- 
ject. We will make only one extract, to show how con- 
sistent he has always been on financial questions : 

"Mr. English believed the present financial troubles 
had mainly been brought about by extravagance, over- 
trading, and too much indebtedness, and that these 
had grown in good part out of the inflated condition 
of the currency. lie did not think a further inflation 
would be desirable. He favored returning, within a 
reasonable period, to the currency the world has always 
recognized as the true standard of values, gold and sil- 
ver, and paper redeemable in gold and silver on demand ; 
but he would have this done gradually and voluntarily, 
under the influence of the laws of trade, rather than by 
any arbitrary legislation. Nothing could be more un- 
fortunate than an irredeemable paper currency, swollen 
to such an extent as might suit the caprices of reckless 
speculators, or the notions of unprincipled politicians 
who might, for the time being, happen to be in power. 
The great business interests of the country needed to be 
on a firmer and surer basis than that." 

It should not be understood that, because Mr. English 
retired from Congress in i860 and declined longer to 
hold office, he ceased to take an interest in pub- 
lic affairs. He was a delegate to the state convention in 
1861, and in 1862 he was again spoken of for Congress, 
but declined the use of his name in a published letter, 
in which he advised his old Democratic constituents to 
keep up their organization, and stand by the Constitu- 
tion and the Union. He said: 

"It is perhaps superfluous for me to add that, as a 
private citizen, neither seeking nor desiring office, I shall 
exert whatever of influence I possess lo maintain the 
Constitution and the Union, and speedily suppress the 
Rebellion. We must not allow ourselves to be driven 
from correct principles by any amount of misrepresenta- 
tion or even persecution. 

" I would say, let us firmly stand together under the 
old flag and in tlie old organization, fighting secession- 
ism to the bitter end, assailing the administration 
wherever we conscientiously believe it to be in error, 
but upholding the Constitution and laws, and never 
losing sight of that great historical fact, which can not 
be overcome by misrepresentation or abuse, and that is, 
that under the rule of the Democracy the country grew 
to be one of the greatest nations of the earth, and as 
long as they held power the people of all the states 
were prosperous and happy." 

In 1S64 he was a delegate to the congressional con- 
vention which nominated that sterling patriot Michael 
C. Kerr to Congress, and who died whilst speaker of 
the House. Mr. Kerr and Mr. English were life-long 
friends, and Mr. Kerr said often that he owed his seat 
in Congress to Mr. English. ' Mr. English was an advo- 
cate of General McClellan for President, and introduced 
the resolution in the convention of the Second Con- 
gressional District declaring for McClellan as first 
choice; also a resolution declaring, "That we are 
now, as we ever have been, unqualifiedly in favor of 
the union of the states, under the Constitution, and 
stand ready, as we have ever stood heretofore, to do 
every thing that loyal and true citizens should do to 
maintain that union, under the Constitution, and to hand 
it down to our children unimpaired, as we received it 
from our fathers." Mr. English's business continued to 
increase until it reached such immense proportions that 
it absorbed all his time, and he could give but little at- 
tention to political affairs, but he was a firm friend and 
supporter of Governor Seymour and Governor Tilden, 
and presided at the meeting held at the capital of the 
state, ratifying the nomination of Tilden and Hen- 
dricks. Upon that occasion he said : 

" It is known to you, fellow-citizens, that I have not 
of late years been an active participant in political af- 
fairs. Preferring the quiet pursuits of private life, and 
intending not to be drawn into the turmoils of active 
politics, I am, nevertheless, not an indifferent spectator 
in this contest, and certainly do not forget the past. I 
do not forget that I was born a Democrat ; was long an 
earnest, hard-working member of its party, always a 
firm believer in its great cardinal principles, and fre- 
quently a recipient of its favors, at a time when such 
favors were to me of inestimable value. With such 
antecedents, and a heart which I know is not incapable 
of gratitude, I could not be indifferent to the fate of 
this grand old party ; and, although in bad health and 
shrinking from appearing as a participant in a public 
political meeting, I could not forego the pressing call 
that was made upon me to preside upon this occasion, 
because I sincerely believe that the time has arrived 
when the welfare of the people demands thorough re- 
form in the aff"airs of the general government, and that 
such reform can now only be certainly and effectively 
secured by the election of Tilden and Hendricks. But 
I do not wish it understood that I am here to-night in 
a mere partisan capacity, claiming that every thing 
called Democratic must necessarily be good, and every 
thing called Republican necessarily bad. On the con- 
trary, I congratulate the Republican parly upon having 
nominated good men for candidates at Cincinnati, and 
placing them upon a creditable platform, but I con- 
gratulate the Democratic ]iarty still more upon having 
nominated better men upon a better platform." 

There was considerable dissatisfaction among the In- 
diana Democracy just at this time, because Mr. Hen- 
dricks had not been nominated for President, and be- 
cause of the financial views of the St. Louis platform, 
and Mr. English's speech had a good effect in soothing 



[ Jlh Dist. 

the dissatisfied and getting his party into line. He 
adroitly said: 

" It was natural that, in the excitement of the mo- 
ment, some Indiana Democrats should have felt dis- 
satisfied, but most of those have liecome reconciled, and 
not only support the ticket now, but stand squarely 
upon the platform. The few who have not yet got on 
the platform will hurry to get on board before the 
lightning express train of the Democracy is fairly under 
way, because they know that train is bound to come in 
ahead, and that it is dangerous to get on the platform 
when the cars are in motion. Never fear but all the 
boys will get on board in due season, for they are not 
going to be left behind in this grand Democratic march 
to victory. 

" Even the camp-followers, the dodgers, and the 
trimmers, who hang on the outskirts of the party, dis- 
tracting its councils and marring its harmony by dis- 
paraging the platform for the sake of a little local 
popularity, will be clamoring to get upon it, as it 
becomes more and more evident it is going to be 
adopted by the people." 

The financial trouble he managed with like sagacity: 

"I contend there is nothing in the St. Louis plat- 
form upon the subject of the finances about which 
Democrats should differ. It favors the repeal of that 
clause of the act of Congress which fixes a certain day 
for the resumption of specie payments. It repudiates 
a changeable standard of values, and advocates that 
standard which is recognized in our own Constitution as 
well as by the whole civilized world. It proposes to 
secure to our own people real dollars, that shall have as 
much purchasing power as the dollars of other nations. 
It secures to the farmer, the mechanic, and' the laborer, 
a dollar that will have as great a purchasing power as 
the dollar of the liond-holder. It secures to the manu- 
facturer and the man of business that reasonable degree 
of certainty as to the financial future which will enable 
him to make investments and engage in business with 
some intelligence and feeling of security, which he never 
can have with a changeable standard of values. In short, 
it but reaffirms the old and time-honored doctrine of 
the Democratic party in favor of a currency of specie, 
and paper convertible into specie on demand. It is 
true the platform places the Democratic party fairly 
and squarely upon the road to specie payments, but it 
does not propose to accomplish it by such hasty and 
inconsiderate legislation as will be unnecessarily oppres- 
sive to creditors or injurious to business." 

This speech was favorably commented upon by the 
press and public generally. Tlie Indianapolis Sentiitel 
said: "It was a great gratification to the thousands 
wlio heard it, and will be read with pleasure by the 
tens of thousands who know the power of his logic." 
The People, an independent paper, said: "It was much 
better than political speeches generally;" and \\\'i Jour- 
nal, the Republican state organ, admitted "it was far 
above the average of Democratic stump efforts." The 
Hendricks Club and a large crowd of citizens serenaded 
Mr. English that night, upon which occasion he was 
addressed by Colonel Whitelsey, who returned the sin- 
cere thanks of the Hendricks Club, and citizens generally, 
for his very able address at the meeting, and expressing 

the belief that it would make the Democratic ticket 
many thousand votes. Mr. English responded : 

"I thank you, gentlemen, for your visit on this calm, 
beautiful night, and for the high compliment you have 
paid me, as well as for the delightful music with which 
you have favored me and my invalid wife, who lies 
upon a bed of sickness within a few feet of where I now 
stand. The kind feelings which prompted the visit, 
and your compliments and kindly greetings, are very 
grateful to our feelings, as the music is grateful to our 
ears. I can only again thank you, in her behalf and 
my own, wishing you a safe return to your homes, and 
bidding you a very cordial good night." 

Mr. English has a fine residence in Indianapolis, 
fronting upon a beautiful circular park known as the 
" Governor's Circle," so called because originally de- 
signed as the site for the residence of the Governor of 
the state. His wealth is large, and has been accumu- 
lated by the business tact which has characterized him 
throughout his career. He is understood to be worth 
several million dollars. He was married to Miss Emma 
Mardulia Jackson, of Virginia, on the 17th of Novem- 
ber, 1847, in the city of Baltimore, Maryland, the Rev. 
Henry Slicer, chaplain of the United States Senate, 
performing the ceremony, and no union could have been 
more felicitous and happy than this was during its long 
continuance. This estimable lady died, at Indianapolis, 
November 14, 1876, universally loved and respected by 
all who knew her. Two children were the issue of this 
marriage, a son and daughter. The son is the Hon. 
W. E. English, a young man of fine promise, now a 
member of the Indiana House of Representatives, being 
the third of the family in lineal descent who has occu- 
pied that position — father, son, and grandson. The 
daughter, Rosalind, is the wife of Doctor Willoughby 
Walling, an eminent physician of Louisville, Kentucky, 
and is the mother of two fine boy babies, William 
English Walling and Willoughby George Walling. 
The foregoing incidents of an exceptionably active and 
successful life bring its history down to the year 1877, 
when Mr. English, crowned with success in every under- 
taking, with a political and business record without a 
blemish, and at the very meridian of his powers, 
sought the retirement of private life, to enjoy in quiet 
society the well earned trophies of former years. But 
in this retirement Mr. English was not unmindful of 
his country nor neglectful of the interests of the Demo- 
cratic party, whose principles he had espoused in his 
youth, and whose standard-bearer he had been in many 
a hotly contested conflict. Always a close observer of 
passing events, he continued to manifest his deep solici- 
tude for the success of the Democratic party, and with 
his ripe experience was ever ready to aid it by his 
counsel. His splendid triumph in every enterprise with 
which he had been identified for a quarter of a century 
made his name a synonym of success. His services in 
the Indiana Legislature, the national fame he had ac- 

ylh Disl.\ 



quired in Congress, and the superior abilities he had 
displayed as a financier, and his fidelity to every trust, 
all combined to give him a prominence which was con- 
tinually attracting the attention, not only of his fellow- 
citizens of his native state, but of the most distinguished 
men of the country ; and to these circumstances alone 
must be credited his present enviable position before 
the American people, and the unsolicited association of 
his name with high official trusts. It should be under- 
stood that Mr. English seeks retirement. He has volun- 
tarily surrendered advanced positions in public life for 
the enjoyments to be garnered only in the walks of a 
private citizen. The distinction and emoluments of of- 
fice had lost their attractions, and, having earned honor 
and wealth, he was willing to surrender his place in the 
shining pathway of fame to others, content to see them 
crowned, as he had been, with the approbation of their 
countrymen. But Mr. English could not control the 
logic of circumstances ; as a result, and independent of 
his volition, there is at this time what seems to be 
a very general wish to call him from retirement and 
prominently identify him with passing political events. 
To every citizen possessed of state pride it must be a 
source of gratification to know that Indiana at the 
present time, in the list of her eminent statesmen, 
stands, if not at the head of the list, abreast of the 
foremost ; and it is not dealing in fulsome eulogy to 
say William H. English, in the grasp of his mind, in 
his prescience, in his knowledge of measures and poli- 
cies, in the analytical and synthetical operations of his 
intellect, in bold, vigorous, and independent thought, 
in that statesmanship that prudently estimates forces 
and reasons a priori and a posteriori, has few, if any, su- 
periors, and has earned, by his success in public and 
private life, a proud position in the list of the great 
men of his time. Mr. English is logical rather than 
ornate. His mind is a crucible in which error is elim- 
inated from truth, and, the tests of his analysis being 
satisfactory, he is proof against sophisms or the blan- 
dishments of flattery. With a mind trained from early 
manhood in a school of logic which dignified facts, the 
brilliancy of fiction never beguiles him from the lumi- 
nous pathway mapped out by reason, and hence, as a 
result, his public and private life is singularly free from 
the mistakes that have embarrassed other public men, 
and his past good fortune in this regard points to him 
with special distinctness as eminently qualified for 
public trusts, no matter what the gravity of their re- 
sponsibilities may be. At school, a student of law, an 
attorney, principal clerk of the Indiana Legislature, 
secretary of the Constitutional Convention, member 
of the Legislature and speaker of the House, mem- 
ber of Congress, banker, and private citizen, at all times 
clear, concise, and self-poised, W'illiam H. English has 
demonstrated, as few men have done, capacities of the 

first order, and which command universal respect. In 
such a life, so varied in its responsibilities, developing 
always and continually in the same direction of pure 
character, high resolves, and noble ambitions, there must 
be of necessity certain forces and factors of integrity 
of purpose and of fidelity to the public welfare, which 
are certain to attract public attention and demand an 
enlargement of their domain of usefulness. At the time 
of writing this sketch the financial question is upper- 
most in the public mind. It louche; every interest and 
commands universal consideration. W'here is the man 
whose views will best harmonize the East and the West, 
the North and the South, upon this question? This 
much may be said of Mr. English, that his financial ex- 
perience, his comprehension of financial theories and 
results, his pronounced conservatism, and his acknowl- 
edged ability as a financier, designate him as the peer 
of the most advanced student of finances in all of their 
varied applications to the demands of the country. To 
the South, always just; to the North, an inflexible 
friend; comprehending the wants and interests of the 
East; with an extended knowledge of the West in its 
expanding and enfolding growth and resources, Mr. 
English includes in his thought and experience the es- 
sentials of an administration of affairs in which the har- 
monies of interests .and the logic of development are 
most admirably blended. The logic of events points to 
him as a distinguished native Indianian, who, should cir- 
cumstances create an inevitable necessity, would exhibit 
to the country those exalted traits of character which 
in these times are sought for with profound solicitude. 
Mr. English is a man of action rather than of words. 
His efforts as a debater are more remarkable for prac- 
tical common sense than for brilliancy of oratory or the 
flowers of rhetoric. His mind, strictly practical in all 
its scope and bearings, is eminently utilitarian. Energy 
of character, firmness of purpose, and an unswerving 
integrity, are his chief characteristics. In personal in- 
tercourse he is inclined to be retiring and reserved, 
which might be attributed to haughtiness or pride by a 
stranger, but to an acquaintance and friend he is open, 
candid, and affable. In the private and .social relations 
of life he stands "without blemish and above reproach." 
As a business man, he has most valuable qualities. 
Without being too cautious, he is prudent and con- 
servative. He looks searchingly and comprehensively 
into the nature and probable results of all schemes, and 
when he once puts his shoulder to the wheel it is with 
a strength that carries all before it. He is not demon- 
strative in any thing that he does, but there is a quiet, 
determined, and unceasing application of his .whole re- 
sources of mind and energy to the end in view. He is 
above the average height, with an erect, well-made 
figure. His head is of good size, with regular features. 
The forehead is high and broad. He is dignified and 



{yth Disi. 

genllemanly in his manners, and has a pleasing ad- 
dress with all persons. His whole contour of face 
and person would at once attract favorable attention in 
any gathering. Intellect, uprightness of character, self- 
reliance, and zeal are suggested by his appearance, and 
made known in his deeds. A man who has gained un- 
qualified success in every position of his life, it is to be 
.said of him that this is the result of an ability which 
has been equally beyond question. Since the foregoing 
was written, Mr. English was unanimously nominated 
for the high office of Vice-president of the United 
States by the Democratic National Convention, which 
assembled at Cincinnati June, 1880. He was officially 
informed of this nomination at the residence of General 
Winficld .S. Hancock, Governor's Island, New York, 
on the 13th of July, and formally accepted the same on 
the 30th of the same month, in a bold and aggressive 
letter, which was much admired by his political friends 
and severely criticised by his political opponents. It 
was to a great extent the key-note of the campaign on 
the Democratic side. It is as follows: 

"Indianapolis, Indiana, _/a/y 30, 18S0. 

" Gentlemen — I have now the honor to reply to 
your letter of the 13th instant informing me that I was 
unanimously nominated for the office of Vice-president 
of the United States, by the late Democratic National 
Convention which assembled at Cincinnati. 

" As foreshadowed in the verbal remarks made by 
me at the time of the delivery of your letter, I have 
now to say that I accept the high trust with a realizing 
sense of its responsibility, and am profoundly grateful 
for the honor conferred. 

"I accept the nomination upon the platform of prin- 
ciples adopted by the convention, which I cordially ap- 
prove, and I accept it quite as much because of my 
faith in the wisdom and patriotism of the great states- 
man and soldier nominated on the same ticket for Presi- 
dent of the United States. 

"His eminent services to his country; his fidelity to 
the Constitution, the Union, and the laws; his clear per- 
ception of the correct principles of government, as 
taught by Jefferson; his scrupulous care to keep the 
military in strict subordination to the civil authorities; 
his high regard for civil liberty, personal rights, and 
rights of property; his acknowledged ability in civil as 
well as military affairs; and his pure and blameless life, 
all point to him as a man worthy of the confidence of 
the people. 

^ "Not only a brave soldier, a great commander, a 
wise statesman, and a pure patriot, but a prudent, pains- 
taking, practical man of unquestioned honesty, trusted 
often with important public duties, faithful to every 
trust, and in the full meridian of ripe and vigorous 
manhood, he is, in my judgment, eminently fitted for 
the highest office on earth — the presidency of the 
United Slates. 

"Not only is he the right man for the place, but the 
time has come when the best interests of the country 
require that the party which has monopolized the ex- 
ecutive department of the general government for the 
last twenty years should be retired. The continuance 
of that party in power four years longer would nut be 
beneficial to the public, or in accordance with the spirit 

of our republican institutions. Laws of entail have 
not been favored in our system of government. The 
perpetuation of property, or place, in one family, or set 
of men, has never been encouraged in this country, and 
the great and good men who formed our republican 
government and its traditions, wisely limited the tenure 
of office, and, in many ways, showed their disapproval 
of long leases of power. Twenty years of continuous 
power is long enough, and has already led to irregular- 
ities and corruptions which are not likely to be prop- 
erly exposed under the same party that perpetrated 

"Besides, it should not be forgotten that the last 
four years of power held by that party were procured 
by discreditable means, and held in defiance of the 
wishes of a majority of the people. It was a grievous 
wrong to every voter and to our system of self-govern- 
ment, which should never be forgotten or forgiven. 
Many of the men now in office were put there because 
of corrupt partisan services in thus defeating the fairly 
and legally expressed will of the majority; and the 
hypocrisy of the professions of that party in favor of 
civil service reform was shown by placing such men in 
office, and turning the whole brood of federal office- 
holders loose to influence the elections. The money of 
the people, taken out of the public treasury by these 
men, for services often poorly performed, or not per- 
formed at all, is being used, in vast sums, with the 
knowledge and presumed sanction of the administra- 
tion, to control the elections; and even the members of 
the cabinet are strolling about the country making 
partisan speeches, instead of being in their departments 
at Washington discharging the public duties for which 
they are paid by the people; but, with all their clever- 
ness and ability, a discriminating public will, no doubt, 
read between the lines of their speeches that their 
paramount hop^ and aim is to keep themselves, or their 
satellites, four years longer in office. That perpetuating 
the power of chronic federal office-holders four years 
longer will not benefit the millions of men and women 
who hold no office, but earn their daily bread by honest 
industry, is what the same discerning public will, no 
doubt, fully understand, as they will, also, that it is 
because of their own industry and economy, and God's 
bountiful harvests, that the country is comparatively 
jirosperous, and not because of any thing done by these 
federal office-holders. The country is comparatively 
prosperous, not because of them, but in spite of them. 
This contest is, in fact, between the people, endeavor- 
ing to regain the political power which rightfully 
belongs to them, and to restore the pure, simple, eco- 
nomical, constitutional government of our fathers, on 
the one side, and these federal office-holders, and their 
backers, pampered with place and power, and deter- 
mined to retain them at all hazards, (m the other. 

" Hence the constant assumption of new and danger- 
ous powers by the general government under the rule 
of the Republican party; the effort to build up what 
they call a strong government; the interference with 
home rule, and with the administration of justice in the 
courts of the several states; the interference with the 
elections through the medium of paid partisan federal 
office-holders, interested in keeping their party in power, 
and caring more for that than fairness in the elections; 
in fact, the constant encroachments which have been 
made by that party upon the clearly reserved rights of 
the people and the states will, if not checked, subvert 
the liberties of the people and the government of lim- 
ited powers created by the fathers, and end in a great, 


irij^S. X^^^"^^"' 

yth Dist.\ 



consolidated central government, 'strong,' indeed, for 
evil and the overthrow of republican institutions. The 
wise men who formed our Constitution knew the evils 
of a strong government, and the long continuance of 
political power in the same hands. They knew there 
was a tendency in this direction in all governments, and 
consequent danger to republican institutions from that 
cause, and took pains to guard against it. The ma- 
chinery of a strong, centralized general government 
can be used to perpetuate the same set of men in power 
from term to term, until it ceases to be a republic, or 
is such only in name ; and the tendency of the party 
now in power in that direction, as shown in various 
ways, besides the willingness recently manifested by a 
large number of that party to elect a President an un- 
limited number of terms, is quite apparent, and must 
satisfy thinking people that the time has come when it 
will be safest and best for that party to be retired. 

"But in resisting the encroachments of the general 
government upon the reserved rights of the people and 
the states, I wish to be distinctly understood as favor- 
ing the proper exercise by the general government of 
the powers rightfully belonging to it under the Consii- 
tution. Encroachments upon the constitutional rights 
of the general government, or interference with the 
proper exercise of its powers, must be carefully avoided. 
The union of the states, under the Constitution, must be 
maintained, and it is well known that this has always 
been the position of both the candidates on tlie Demo- 
cratic presidential ticket. It is acquiesced in every- 
where now, and finally and forever settled, as one of the 
results of the war. It is certain, beyond all question, 
that the legitimate results of the war for the Union will 
not be overthrown or impaired should the Democratic 
ticket be elected. In that event proper protection will 
be given, in every legitimate way, to every citizen, na- 
tive or adopted, in every section of the republic, in the 
enjoyment of all the rights guaranteed by the Constitu- 
tion and its amendments ; a sound currency of honest 
money, of a value and purchasing power corresponding, 
substantially, with the standard recognizeil by the com- 
mercial world, and consisting of gold and silver, and 
paper convertible into coin, will be maintained; the 
labor and manufacturing, commercial and business inter- 
ests of the country will be favored and encouraged in 
every legitimate way ; the toiling millions of our own 
pjople will be protected from the destructive competi- 
tion of the Chinese, and to that end their immigration 
to our shores will be properly restricted ; the public 
credit will be scrupulously maintained and strengthened 
by rigid economy in public expenditures; and the liber- 
ties of the people, and the property of the people, will 
be protected by a government of law and order, admin- 
istered strictly in the interests of all the people, and not 
of corporations or privileged classes. 

"I do not doubt the discriminating justice of the 
people and their capacity for intelligent self-govern- 
ment, and therefore do not doubt the success of the 
Democratic ticket. Its success would bury, beyond 
resurrection, the sectional jealousies and hatreds which 
have so long been the chief stock in trade of pestiferous 
demagogues, and in no other way can this be so eflfect- 
ually accomplished. It would restore harmony and good 
feeling between all the sections, and make us in fact, 
as well as in name, one people. The only rivalry then 
would be in the race for the development of material 
prosperity, the elevation of labor, the enlargement of 
human rights; the promotion of education, morality, 
religion, liberty, order, and all that would tend to make 

us the foremost nation of the earth in the grand march 
of human progress. 

"I am, with great respect, very truly yours, 

"William H. Enclish. 
"To Hon. Jno. W. Stevenson, President of Convention, 
"Hon. John P. Stockton, Chairman, 
"And other members of the Committee of Notifi- 


^riOODIXG, JUDGE DAVID S., attorney-at-law, 
jreenfield, was born in Fleming County, Ken- 
Lucky, January 20, 1S24. He is a son of Asa and 

tjT Greenfield, was born in Fleming County, Ken- 

tiij Matilda Gooding. His paternal grandfather. 
Colonel David Gooding, was a captain in the war of 
1812, and was in the memorable battle of the Thames. 
It is believed it was he who took the scalp of that fa- 
mous Indian warrior and chief, Tecumseh. His grand- 
parents were from Virginia. His father, Asa Gooding, 
removed from Kentucky to Rush County, Indiana, 
when the subject of this sketch was but three year.i old. 
In the rude pioneer schools of Rush County began the 
scholastic training of young Gooding. His father re- 
moved to Greenfield in 1836, where David S. entered 
the schools, and so rapid was his progress that at the 
age of seventeen he taught a term of school, and then 
entered Asbury University, at Greencastle, where his 
assiduous application to his studies won for him the ad- 
miration of his classmates and teachers. Here he was 
taught by such men as Bishop Simpson for two years, tak- 
ing an irregular course of study. At this time his father 
died, leaving a widow and seven children, many of whom 
were small, with very little means on which to live. 
Naturally, the weight of responsibility fell upon the 
shoulders of David, he being the eldest child. This 
sudden and lamentable misfortune caused him to leave 
college and return to the support of the family, and 
thus his collegiate course ended. At the age of nine- 
teen he entered the law office of Hon. George W. 
Julian, then a resident of Greenfield, and began a 
course of reading for the legal profession. Mr. Julian 
soon after removed from Greenfield, and the young man 
continued the study alone until 1S45, when, after a 
rigid examination, he was licensed to practice law. In 
1847 he was elected Representative to the state Legis- 
lature from Hancock County, where he was known as a 
clear-headed, conscientious legislator, of unusual ac- 
quaintance with the science of civil government and 
well versed in parliamentary law. In 1848 he was 
elected prosecuting attorney of his county, a position he 
filled with rare skill, judgment, and fidelity to business. 
At the expiration of his term, or in 185 1, he was 
elected prosecutor for the Indianapolis circuit, defeating 
ex-Governor Wallace. In 1S52 he was chosen for a 
still higher position, being elected judge for the coun- 
ties of Hancock and Madison, defeating a very popular 



[7/h Dist. 

gentleman— Juiigc John Davis, of Anderson, Indiana. 
Retiring from these duties in 1856, he was elected to 
the state Senate from the counties of Hancock and 
Madison, defeating Judge H. H. Hall, serving four 
years. In 1861 he was elected Common Pleas Judge for 
the counties of Hancock, Henry, Rush, Decatur, and 
Madison, defeating Judge E. B. Martindale, lately of 
the Indianapolis /o«»7;<;/. In 1S64 he resigned his of- 
fice as Judge, and the same year was made a presi- 
dential elector at large on the Union ticket, casting his 
vote in the Electoral College for Lincoln and Johnson. 
Prior to his election he served on a committee in 
the Union State Convention, and strongly urged the 
nomination of the men whom he afterward voted for 
as elector. In December of the same year President 
Lincoln sent his name to the .Senate as United States 
Judge of the Court of New Mexico, but, at his own re- 
ipiest, his name was withdrawn without final action 
being taken thereon. In the winter of 1864-5 Governor 
Morion, all the state officers. Judges of the Supreme 
Court, and nearly all the- Union members of the state 
Legislature, united in recommending Judge Gooding to 
President Lincoln for United States Minister to the gov- 
ernment of Chili. Before taking action on this matter, 
President Lincoln met his death at the hand of a cow- 
ardly assassin, and the recommendation was never 
brought to the attention of the Senate. In June, 1865, 
President Johnson, without solicitation, telegraphed to 
Judge Gooding, asking his acceptance of the United 
Slates marshalship in the District of Columbia. To 
this Mr. Gooding replied, giving his assent. The ap- 
pointment was immediately thereafter confirmed, and 
he proceeded to Washington and was duly installed, 
and at once entered upon the discharge of his du- 
ties. Judge Gooding's career as United States mar- 
shal was characterized by marked executive ability, 
nnil scrupulous attention to every requirement of 
his position. He had the full confidence and coun- 
sel of Mr. Johnson during his entire presidential 
career, their relations and intimacy being very confi- 
dential and sincere at all times. Besides approving 
Ihc policy of the President, he was a warm, personal 
friend of his, and stood by him in evil as well as good 
report. Soon after the expiration of President John- 
son's term of office, Judge Gooiling tendered his resig- 
nation as marshal to President Grant, which was ac- 
cepted, and in May, 1869, he returned to his home in 
Greenfield, resuming the practice of his profession. In 
the spring of 1870 he was unanimously nominated for 
Congress by the Democracy of the " Burnt District," mak- 
ing Ihe race against Jerejniah M. Wilson, the Republican 
nominee, and, although the usual Republican majority 
was about fourteen hundred, to which was added that 
year, for the first time, the colored vote of about eight 
hunilrcil. Judge Gooding was led by his opponent only 

four votes, according to the count. A few days subse- 
quent to this election. Judge Gooding's friends instituted 
an unofficial re-count in two precincts, where there had 
been confusion and disorder, and as a result of this in- 
vestigation established that he had really had a majority 
of seventeen votes. However, the certificate of election 
was issued to Mr. Wilson, who took his seat in Con- 
gress. Soon after that gentleman had been sworn in. 
Judge Gooding took steps for contesting his right to it, 
attending to the legal proceedings in person, with a tact 
and ability that won for him unqualified praise. The 
matter was referred to the Committee on Elections, 
which was largely Republican, and they reported in 
favor of Mr. Wilson. Judge Gooding's speech in this 
contest, made in the House in defense of his position, 
was among the most extensively copied and circulated 
efforts of the kind ever made in that body. In the 
summer of 1S72 he again received the unanimous nom- 
ination for Congress, but, the district being more largely 
Republican than formerly, he was, naturally enough, 
defeated by his old competitor. Judge Wilson. In 1874 
Judge Gooding was selected as one of the Democratic 
state central committee, and served in that capacity for 
two years, doing good service for his party. In 1876 
he canvassed the state in behalf of the national and 
state Democratic tickets, and his canvass is spoken of 
as one of the most brilliant and effectual made in the 
state. In 1878 he was a prominent and formidable can- 
didate for Secretary of State before the Democratic 
state convention, receiving a greater number of votes 
than any other candidate on the first ballot, and only 
second to the nominee on the last ballot. In the autumn 
of 1879, with Governor Hendricks, Senator Voorhees, 
and other distinguished Democrats, he went into the 
Ohio state canvass, which was exceedingly exciting, 
making several powerful and argumentative speeches to 
large audiences, returning home just before the election. 
Judge Gooding is a Master Granger, but belongs to no 
other secret society. In 1844 he was married to Miss 
Frances M. Sebastian, daughter of William Sebastian. 
This estimable lady is still living. Judge Gooding is 
the father of one son, Marshall B. Gooding, with whom 
he is associated in the practice of law. Thus it will be 
seen that Judge Gooding has been almost constantly 
before the people, either in the public offices or as an 
active worker in the councils of his party. And it can 
be said of hiin, what can be asserted of few public 
men, that his public record is without tarnish. As a 
lawyer, Judge Gooding is logical and profound. As a 
political speaker, he occupies one of the most exalted 
stations in Indiana politics, being an orator of excep- elocutionary power. His future is a brilliant one, 
and he is destined yet to fill many stations of honor in 
the public offices of his state and nation. He is a man 
of fine physique, standing six feet two, and with a most 

/y ^^!j\^<^C 

<i?L Ca-<^ 

Jlh Disl.] 



commanding presence. At the Democratic state con- 
vention held this year he was appointed an elector at 
large, standing at the head of the ticket. He enters 
the present campaign full of vigor, showing all his 
powers in the work before him. In August he rec<flved 
a most flattering invitation from the Democratic state 
executive committee of Ohio to make a canvass of that 
state for the Democratic party, but was unable to accept 
it, as his duties to his own state forbade. 

JJTALOTT, VOLNEY T., son of William H. and 
4' I Leah P. (McKown) Malott, was born in Jefferson 
SSL\ County, Kentucky, September 9, 1S38. His father 
Y"^^ was engaged in farming in that county, but re- 
moved to Salem, Washington County, Indiana, in 1841, 
where he engaged with his brother. Major Eli W. 
Malott, in mercantile business. His ancestors settled 
in Kentucky soon after the close of the Revolutionary 
War, in which some of them participated. His pater- 
nal grandfather engaged in the War of 1S12 in Canada, 
and his maternal grandfatlier in the Indian war in In- 
diana. William H. Malott died at Salem, Indiana, 
November 5, 1845, leaving a young widow with three 
little children; the subject of this sketch, the oldest, being 
aged seven years; Mary C, aged three years; and Eli 
W., an infant, that died one month after his father's 
death. January, 1847, the widow married John F. 
Ramsay, and removed to Indianapolis, taking her two 
young children. Before this date the lad had attended 
a school kept by John I. Morrison. He completed a 
common school education at Indianapolis, going to 
schools kept by Rev. William A. Holliday and Pro- 
fessor B. F. Lang, and also attending the Central High 
School, leaving the latter at the age of si.xteen to enter 
the banking-house of John Woolley & Co. (Bank of the 
Capital). He had previously been employed clerking 
during vacations, and was for a time messenger in the 
Traders' Bank. He had thus early evinced an aptitude 
for business that made his assistance in demand ; and 
while attending school his services were pre-engaged by 
the bank when he should desire to leave school. He re- 
mained here, acting as teller after a while, until 1857, 
when he was chosen teller of the Indianapolis branch 
of the Bank of the State of Indiana, where he remained 
until August, 1862, resigning to accept the position of 
secretary and treasurer of the Peru and Indianapolis 
Railroad, to which he had been elected. He was ap- 
pointed state director of the branch Bank of the State 
in 1864. In 1865, with others, he organized the Mer- 
chants' National Bank, of Indianapolis, and was elected 
cashier, retaining the office of treasurer of the railroad. 
The road was com|ilcted in 1871, and, with the Chicago, 
Cincinnati and Luuissille Railroad, passed into the con- 

trol of the Indianapolis, Peru and Chicago Railway 
Company, of which he was treasurer and a director. 
In 1875 he was elected general manager of the line, 
now holding the office of vice-president and general 
manager. In the spring of 1S70 he resigned the office 
of cashier of the bank to superintend the construction 
of the Michigan City and Indianapolis Railroad. In 
October, 1878, he was elected president of the Merchants' 
National Bank, and has been for several years a director 
of the Meridian National Bank. As an officer of the 
Brazil Block Coal Company, he has aided in the exten- 
sion of the block coal trade to Northern Indiana, Michi- 
gan, and Illinois. He has taken a deep interest in the 
improvement of Michigan City harbor, and by his coun- 
sel and labor has rendered valuable aid to this important 
■work. In 1862 he married Caroline, daughter of Hon. 
David Macy. They have six children, one son and five 
daughters. He is a member of the Methodist Church, 
and trustee and chairman of the finance committee of 
the Meridian Street Church. In 1S80 Mr. Malott began 
to fail in health, owing to prolonged and close applica- 
tion to business, and was advised by his physicians to 
take a rest. He decided upon a European tour, and, 
taking his son, a lad of sixteen, with him, started for 
Europe, spending two months in travel and sight-seeing, 
and returning in full health and vigor. The great suc- 
cess that has been attained by Mr. Malott in all his busi- 
ness has been greatly owing to his steady persistence, 
stern integrity, and excellent judgment, qualities which 
cause him to take rank with the leading business men 
of the state. 

ILFORD, JOSEPH M., of Indianapolis, was born 
in Scott County, Kentucky, February 17, 181 1. 
His grandfatlier, William Telford, was born in 
Dublin, Ireland, in 1749. This manner of spelling 
the name was followed in recording the birth of his 
father's family, thirteen in number, with the exception 
of the two younger. Their names were written Tilford, 
in a handwriting which the subject of this sketch rec- 
ognizes as his brother's. That the name should thus 
have been changed has ever been a source of regret to 
the family. Joseph's grandfather, with two brothers, 
emigrated to Virginia, where he lived at the breaking 
out of the Revolution. He served under General Wash- 
ington, and in 1790 moved to Kentucky, where he en- 
dured all the privations and dangers incident to pioneer 
life on the "dark and bloody ground." Alexander 
Tilford, father of Joseph, was then a boy of fifteen 
years. At twenty-one he married Eleanor McCullough, 
a lady of Scotch descent. In the War of 1812 he did a 
soldier's duty. In 1816 he moved, with his family, in- 
cluding his father, tlicn sixty-seven years of .age, to Jef- 
ferson County, Indiana, ten miles west of Madison. At 



[ yth Dist. 

this time Joseph was five years old. His father died in 
1S28. Joseph had attended the common schools of Ids 
day, and in 1S27 was sent to Hanover College. He was 
at the opening session of that institution, and relates 
that the Rev. Mr. Crowe, who was in charge, for lack 
of better facilities, heard recitations at his own resi- 
dence. Among his classmates were Noble Butler, since 
author of the " Grammar of Grammars; " David Smock, 
Rev. James Latimore, and others. After remaining a 
year, he concluded to learn the cabinet-making business, 
and devoted three years to this work with Captain J. G. 
Henderson, at Salem, Indiana. He then began business 
for himself in Madison, and, after remaining there until 
1850, removed to a farm three miles west of Hanover. 
In the fall of 1S53 he changed to Indianapolis, his 
present home. In 1S54 Mr. Tilford became associated 
with Ovid Butler and J. M. Mathes in the purchase of 
the Indianapolis daily and weekly Journal, for which 
they paid to John D. Defrees the sum of twenty thou- 
sand dollars. The paper became known as the Indian- 
apolis Journal Company, into which was merged the 
Free Democrat. Mr. Tilford became president of the 
association in 1856, and retained his position until the 
sale of His Journal to Colonel W. R. Holloway, in 1864, 
for the sum of thirty thousand dollars, not including 
the real estate of the association, which was valued at 
a like sum. For many years past Mr. Tilford has been 
connected with the Indianapolis Publishing House. In 
1S33 he married Miss Mary A. Maxwell, whose name 
would indicate Irish Protestant descent. She was the 
daughter of Samuel C. Maxwell, of Jefferson County, 
Indiana. Nine children have blessed this union, of 
whom two sons and four daughters are still living — 
John H. and Samuel E., Eliza E., Emma J., Julia V., 
and Alice T. It is worthy of honorable record that 
both sons and three sons-in-law were in the Union army. 
John H. was surgeon in the 79th Indiana for four 
years. Samuel E. enlisted in the nth Indiana for three 
months; in the 26th Indiana for twenty-two months; 
and in the I32d Indiana for one hundred days. J. P. 
Avery, son-in-law, was assistant surgeon for three years 
in the nth Indiana. Perry llall, son-in-law, was chap- 
lain of the 79th Indiana, and died in the service. J. N. 
Giecn, a son-in-law, was surgeon in the igtii Indiana. 
John H. is now a practicing physician in Windom, 
Minnesota. Mr. and Mrs. Tilford are members of the 
Chrislian Church. Mr. Tilford's political associations 
are with the Republican party, and, in its hour of need, 
when to be an Abolitionist required both moral and 
physical courage, Mr. Tilford was the true friend of the 
oppressed. Of the two votes cast for James G. Birney 
in 1S40 in the township where he then resided, Mr. 
Tdford's was one. He was for many years one of the 
board of directors of the North-western Christian Uni- 
versity, of Indianapolis. As early as 1840 he was set 

apart as an elder in the Christian Church at Madison 
by Elder Walter Scott, and has ever since served in 
that capacity at his several places of residence. He has 
been chosen by his fellow-citizens to serve them in the 
common council, and as a member of the board of school 
trustees. Mr. Tilford's life has been busy, if not event- 
ful, and now, on the verge of threescore years and ten, 
his mind is active, and in conversation he displays the 
result of much, study and observation. He has always 
been known as a sound man of business, careful and 
observant, never hastening to conclusions, and forming 
opinions only on mature reflection. In his social rela- 
tions he enjoys the love and esteem of those who know 
him best, and is regarded by his acquaintances as a 
genial neighbor, a sincere friend, and one whose relig- 
ious convictions are exemplified in his daily life. 

HII cember 11, 1823, in Franklin County, Indiana. 
f'AJ He was the son of Samuel W. Trusler and Martha 
^^ Trusler, Virginians by birth; and when quite 
young his parents moved to Fayette County, in the 
state of Indiana, and took up their residence upon a 
farm, purchased in that fertile region of Eastern In- 
diana, nine miles south-east of Connersville. After a 
brief illness, in September, 1838, his mother died, and 
subsequently, in the month of August, 1846, the father 
also died, after a few days' sickness, leaving a family 
of five children, four sons and one daughter, of 
whom the subject of this sketch was the eldest. Al- 
though his parents did not live to be of very great 
^g6. ys' h^ was a descendant of long-lived ancestors, 
the average age of his four grand-parents being over 
eighty. During the minority of Nelson Trusler he 
worked upon the farm, and attended the common and 
select schools of the section of the country where he 
resided, and became well educated in what is gener- 
ally termed the English branches, in which he became 
the more proficient by reason of his being a teacher, 
for a period of about two years, in some of the best 
public schools in the eastern part of the state. The 
forensic and legal ability and talents for which he be- 
came noted in later years were manifest early in life, 
and naturally inclined him to the study of law, and 
he entered the legal arena of the Whitewater bar, 
among whom were such noted men as Caleb B. 
Smith, Samuel W. Parker, James Rairden, John Ry- 
man, Charles H. Test, John A. Matson, and many 
other noted legal celebrities of that day. At the time 
of his father's death he was prosecuting the study of 
law with the Hon. John A. Matson, at Brookville, In- 
diana, and shortly thereafter was admitted to practice 
at the bar. On December 2, 1S49, he was married 


yth Dis/.] 



to Miss Salome Stanton, a school-mate, and soon after 
took up his residence in Connersville, the county seat 
of Fayette County, Indiana, and at once entered upon 
the practice of his chosen profession. His genial nature 
and social qualities, forensic powers and legal ability, 
soon won for him many friends and a lucrative practice 
in the courts of the counties of Fayette, Franklin, 
Union, and Rush, and he soon took position in the 
front rank of the bar of the courts mentioned, beside 
the noted attorneys already named. While thus en- 
gaged in the practice of the law, he was elected as 
Representative to the (Jeneral Assembly of his slate, 
after a bitter political contest, his political opponent 
being the noted Baptist preacher, the Rev. Wilson W. 
Thompson, candidate of the Democratic party for that 
position. He and his wife were members of the Epis- 
copal Church. In February, 1862, his wife died, leav- 
ing four small children. In the September following, 
intrusting the care and education of his children to rel- 
atives and friends, for the time l)eing he abandoned the 
practice of the law and legal contests, for the conflicts of 
the battle-field. The life of the Republic hung trembling 
in the balance; hundreds of thousands of armed foes 
were in battle array, marshaled and fighting for the dis- 
solution of the Union, and the overthrow and destruction 
of his government. He volunteered his services in be- 
half of his country in the hour of its greatest peril, and 
was commissioned by Govornor Morton colonel of the 
84th Indiana Regiment, and was after this continuously 
with and in command of his regiment in all its trials 
and conflicts until after the great battle of Chickamauga, 
fought on the 19th and 20t"h of September, 1S63. In 
this battle his regiment was in the fiercest part of the 
fight, one of the most fiercely contested during the war, 
and suffered a loss of one hundred and twenty-five men, 
in killed, wounded, and missing. On the 17th of Octo- 
ber, 1S63, he resigned his command as colonel, on 
account of ill-health, and returned to his home in Con- 
nersville, where he again began practice. On the 9th 
of April, 1864, he was married to Miss Elizabeth A. 
Pumphrcy. He was an ardent Republican and took an 
active part in political canvasses, being a speaker of 
great power and influence in political campaigns, as 
well as in the courts. Having received the nomination 
of the Republican party for the office of Secretary of 
State for the state of Indiana, he was elected to that 
office in 1864, and in January, 1865, he moved to In- 
dianapolis and entered upon the duties of the position. 
He was renominated and re-elected by his party to the 
same position in 1S66, discharging the duties courteously, 
faithfully, and honestly for a period of four years, with 
the approval of his constituents. At the close of his 
second term as Secretary of State he resumed the prac- 
tice of law at Indianapolis, in connection with Wilson 
Morrow, Esq. In 1870 the Republican party nominated 

him for Attorney-general, but he was defeated with the 
rest of the candidates of that party on the slate ticket. 
In 1872 he was appointed by President Grant District 
Attorney of the United States for the District of Indi- 
ana, to succeed General Thomas M. Browne, who had 
resigned to make the race for Governor of Indiana, as 
candidate of the Republican party. At the expiration 
of four years he was reappointed by President Grant 
Attorney-general for that district, which position he 
held at the time of his death, having held this office 
continuously for a period of seven' years, and in it ren- 
dering the country most excellent service. He was a 
man of fine physical appearance, and when in health 
weighed over two hundred pounds. His death was the 
result of heart disease, and was very sudden and unex- 
pected to his friends, although a few of his intimate as- 
sociates and relatives had had fears, for some time pre- 
vious to the sad event, that such might be the final 
termination of the affliction from which he had been 
suffering for some two years. Having received a special 
invitation from Gus Williams, the drummer boy of his 
old regiment, the 84th, to be present at a public enter- 
tainment at the Grand Opera-house in Indianapolis on 
the evening of January 29, 1880, in which the drummer- 
boy was to take a prominent part, he, in company with 
his wife and some friends, had just entered the aisle of 
the Opera-house, and while being conducted to seats by 
the usher he suddenly fell to the floor, and, without a 
struggle or uttering a word, expired. The event occa- 
sioned a great sensation in Indianapolis. He was in 
the fifty-seventh year of his age, leaving his widow and 
a son and two daughters to mourn his loss, together 
with many relatives and friends. Large meetings of the 
bar were held at Connersville, his former home, and in 
the United States Circuit Court-room, at Indianapolis, 
at which resolutions were passed and addresses were 
delivered expressive of sorrow at his death, and 
speaking in the highest terms of his kindness of 
heart, genial nature, services as a soldier, and his 
ability, honesty, and fidelity as a lawyer and pub- 
lic servant in the various positions of trust and 
honor which he held. Eulogies were delivered upon 
his life, character, and public services by the ven- 
erable Judge Charles H. Test, General Benjamin 
Harrison, General John Coburn, Major Jonathan W. 
Gordon, Judge Jacob B. Julian, Wilson Morrow, 
and John A. Henry. His remains were taken for 
interment on a special train to his old home, at 
Connersville, where more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury previous, in the vigor of young manhood, he 
began his successful professional and public career. 
Special trains were run upon the diff'erent railroads 
entering that city, bringing hundreds of friends from 
Indianapolis and the eastern part of the stale, 
to take a last look at his face and pay their 

23 = 


[ph Disi. 

liilnitc of respect to his memory. His body was com- 
millcil to its final resting-place, at four o'clock, P. M., 
on the first day of February, A. D. iSSo, in the beauti- 
ful valley of the Whitewater, in the cemetery adjoin- 
ing the city of Connersville, beside the grave of his 
first wife and five children, the last solemn burial rites 
at the grave being conducted by the Masonic Frater- 
nity, of which order he was a member. His death was 
deeply lamented throughout the whole state. 

fjnV.VER, JAMES, was born in Abbeville District, 
Hlf South Carolina, September 19, 1S07. He is the 
twl *°" °^ John and Fannie Tyner. His paternal 
"^ grand-parents resided during the Revolution in a 
district largely inhabited by Tories, and suffered most 
inhuman treatment from them. They were obliged at 
limes to flee for their lives, and hide with their children 
in the woods for weeks. The grandfather is supposed 
to have been mercilessly killed by them. James Tyner's 
maternal grandfather served valiantly for five years as a 
soldier in the American army during the Revolution. 
The subject of our sketch was born in iSoS, when his 
father removed with his family to Franklin County, 
Indiana. In 1813 they located on a farm in Fayette 
County, where in 1S22 the father died, leaving the care 
and responsibility of the surviving family chiefly to the 
eldest son, James, who was then fourteen years of age. 
The young man, by industry and economy, succeeded 
in maintaining himself and family comfortably. The 
schools of that early day were hardly worthy of the 
name, and he attended them but a few terms during 
the winter months. At the age of twenty-two he was 
married to Lucinda Caldwell, daughter of James Cald- 
well, an<l soon thereafter removed to a farm, where he 
began life on his own account. In 1835 he perma- 
nently located in Brandywine Township, Hancock 
County. In the early days of Indiana he commanded 
a rifle company in the state troops, and on muster days 
made a creditable display. In politics, he claims to be 
a JcfTcrsonian Jackson Democrat. His first vote was for Andrew Jackson, in 1828. The only official 
]iosition he has ever occupied was that of commissioner 
of Hancock County, which he satisfactorily filled for 
fourteen years. In religion, he has stood firm as an 
Old-school Baptist for thirty-six years. October 22, 
1S79, he celebrated his golden wedding at his home in 
Hancock County, surrounded by numerous friends and 
relatives. Among the latter were ten children, fifty- 
two grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. On 
this occasion, his fellow-citizen, M.ijor .'\. K. liranham, 
in a presentation speech, used the following language: 

"Mr. and Mrs. Tyner, it is my pleasing duly also, 
in behalf of your children, to present a few testimonials 

of their love and affection for you. This massive gold- 
headed cane, bearing the inscription, ' To our father, 
from his children, October 22, 1S79,' implies more, in- 
deed, than any intrinsic value it may possess. Take it, 
my old and esteemed friend, and keep it in remem- 
brance of those who gave it; and may it serve to sup- 
port and guard your footsteps in the down-hill journey 
of life. These gold spectacles I present to you, Mrs. 
Tyner. They are a gift from those who love and almost 
idolize you as a motlier. May they, as your eyes grow 
dim by advanced age, light up the pathway of life." 

Mr. Tyner is unostentatious, and of unimpeachable 
morality and integrity. lie is loved by all for his hos- 
pitality and kindness of heart. 

flNTON, ALMUS E., late of Indianapolis, was 
born at Cincinnati, Ohio, March 9, 1821. His 
>£A^ parents were Roswell Merrick and Hannah (Davis) 
;© Vinton. They were natives of Stafford, Connecti- 
cut, but came West at an early day. His father, by edu- 
cation a civil engineer, was for a time engaged in the 
shipping of produce to the New Orleans market. 
From Cincinnati he removed to Miamisburg, Ohio, 
where he superintended the construction of the locks in 
the Little Miami Canal and many of the internal im- 
provements in that part of the state, and where he died 
of small-pox in 1835. Mrs. Vinton, the mother of Al- 
mus E., was subsequently married to Mr. Joseph Hub- 
ler, a founder and machinist. The subject of this 
sketch grew to manhood in Miamisburg, and in his 
younger days he had but the meager opportunities for 
an education afforded by the country schools. The 
early death of his father and his mother's subsequent 
marriage left him little choice as to his avocation in life. 
He went into his step-father's foundry to learn the trade 
of machinist, and, upon his removal to Lafayette, In- 
diana, in 1840, Mr. Vinton also changed his location, 
continuing his connection with the foundry. When 
about sixteen years old he received from an early friend 
of his father the offer of a college scholarship, but, his 
mother having several years previous been stricken 
with paralysis, and being in consequence a confirmed 
invalid, he was obliged to decline the generous offer. 
In after life, although Mr. Vinton never ceased to re- 
gret the loss of a collegiate education, by extensive 
reading and observation he became as well informed 
on the leading topics and literature of the day as many 
of higher educational advantages, and his opinions were 
always listened to with deference and respect by men 
of acknowledged ability, whose friendship he enjoyed. 
In 1846 Mr. Vinton married, at Miamisburg, Miss 
Tlieresa C. Stallo, a companion from early childhood. 
Mrs. Vinton still resides at the homestead al Indian- 
apolis. For a short time Mr. Vinton engaged in the 
milling business at St. Mary's, Ohio, but, finding the 

yth Dist.\ 



occupation highly injurious to his health, he the move 
readily accepted the suggestion of his early friend, Mr. 
L. W, Hasselman, to remove to Indianapolis. Together 
they purchased what was known as the Washington 
Foundry, and embarked in the foundry and machine 
business, under the firm naine of Hasselman & Vinton. 
They carried on a highly successful business until 1853, 
when the building was destroyed by fire and Mr. 
Vinton was well-nigh ruined. Soon afterward they pur- 
chased the ground upon which the Eagle Machine 
Works now stand, put up a shop, and in a wonderfully 
short time had recovered from the severe blow to their 
trade. In 1865 Mr. Vinton sold out his interest to the 
Eagle Machine Works Company and retired from active 
business. He was a partner in the wholesale drug 
house of Kiefer & Vinton, and also part owner of the 
Indianapolis Paper-mill, in which his son, Merrick E., 
still retains a large interest. Until Mr. Vinton's failing 
health compelled him to succumb, his activity in busi- 
ness was almost phenomenal ; he was emphatically a 
busy man ; a man of perseverance and energy, and of 
the highest integrity. With Judge Martindale, Mr. 
Vinton originated the idea of buying up parcels of land 
and dividing them into building lots; these they then 
sold at public auction, and realized considerable money 
by the transaction. The bulk of Mr. Vinton's property 
was invested in fine business locations. For many years 
the family residence was on the ground now occupied 
by the "Vinton Block," one of the best business sites 
in the city of Indianapolis, and now the property of his 
second daughter. Like most men deeply immersed in 
business, Mr. Vinton was not a politician in the ordi- 
nary sense of the word. He was a strong Union man 
and a Republican, and in life an intimate friend and 
counselor of the late Oliver P. Morton. He frequently 
proved a valuable assistant to the distinguished Governor, 
whom he aided with advice and money on several occa- 
sions. He was a member of the hundred days' cavalry 
organized during Morgan's raid, but never saw any 
further service during the war. He was not a mem- 
ber of any religious society, although he and his 
family attended the services at the Second Presbyterian 
Church, and he was a liberal contributor to all worthy 
objects. Mr. Vinton was a man of peculiar and marked 
traits of character. Prompt and punctual himself, he 
exacted the same service from others, but was always 
governed by a strict sense of justice and honor. If 
amidst the cares and anxieties of business he spoke 
harshly or unkindly to the humblest man in his em- 
ployment, he never failed to acknowledge the error. 
He has left an impress upon the history of Indianapolis, 
and his name will live in the records of the active, en- 
ergetic business men of the city long after the present 
generation has passed away. He was truly the architect 
of his own fortunes. He did not accumulate his prop- 

erty without the early struggles and trials which mark 
the history of successful business men almost without 
exception. In his closing days, when he had made up 
his mind that death was at hand, he calmly resigned 
himself to the fact, and at once set his house in order 
and arranged his business affairs. He expressed the 
desire to die at peace with all men, and all differences 
he wished forgotten and forgiven. Though for some 
time in feeble health, his last illness was of only two 
weeks' duration. He died at his home in Indianapolis, 
on the twenty-first day of June, 1870, and his remains 
rest in Crown Hill Cemetery, of which he was one of 
the incorporators and first lot-holders. To his family 
he left an ample property, and the more precious legacy 
of an unblemished character as a kind-hearted man, a 
good citizen, a generous husband and father, and a 
useful member of society. Besides his wife, Mr. Vinton 
left a family of five children, three sons and two daugh- 
ters. The latter are now Mrs. James II. Ruddell and 
Mrs. Henry D. Pierce, both residents of Indianapolis. 
The oldest son, Merrick E. Vinton, is engaged in the 
loan and insurance business in Indianapolis, and is also 
interested in the Salsbury & Vinton Paper Company, as 
above stated. His brother, Lindley Vinton, is now 
(18S0) practicing law in Indianapolis. He is a gr.aduate 
of Amherst College with the class of 1S75, and of Co- 
lumbia Law School, New York City, of 1S79. A younger 
brother, David, was accidentally drowned, at the age of 
sixteen years, while traveling in Florida. 

'lij'ALKER, JUDGE JOHN W., of Greenfield, was 
AM born in Monroe County, Virginia, July 22, 1812. 
®§ He is of Irish descent, his grandfather having 
"^ been born and brought up in the northern 
part of Ireland. His parents, George and Clarinda 
AValker, were among the pioneers of the Blue Ridge 
Mountains. His father owning an extensive tract of 
land in that region — then an almost unbroken wilder- 
ness — Mr. Walker early learned the use of the wood- 
man's' ax and the hunter's rifle. The only educational 
advantages within his reach were those afforded at the 
distant log school-house, where he was taught the rudi- 
ments of the English branches. October 12, 1831, he 
married Miss Nancy B. Cook, daughter of Rev. Jacob 
Cook, and niece of the celebrated divine, Rev. Valen- 
tine Cook. Two years later, Mr. Walker left the home 
of his boyhood and settled on a farm near Pendleton, 
Indiana, in and about which place he lived for the next 
fourteen years. During this period he was engaged, at 
different times, in farming, the blacksmith's trade, mer- 
cantile pursuits, and, finally, in the grain and produce 
business. An unfortunate venture in the last reduced 
his property to a few hundred dollars, and he removed 



{yth Dut. 

to Greenfield, his present liome. In 1S5S he opened a 
store in partnership with his brother and son, under the 
firm name of C. li. Walker & Co. This continued six 
years, when Mr. Walker', brother sold out his interest 
to the other members of the firm. In 1S69 Mr. Ed- 
wards purchased a share in the business, which was 
conducted by Walker & Edwards until 1S73. The 
store was then sold, an<l for three years Mr. Walker was 
not actively engaged in any occupation. At the end of 
that time, he, with several other gentlemen, organized 
the Greenfield Banking Company, which is still a pros- 
perous institution. Mr. Walker is a quiet, unassuming 
man, and no seeker for public office ; yet he has been 
several times chosen to positions of trust and honor. 
During the first years of his residence in Pendleton he 
served as constable of Fall Creek Township, and after- 
wards as Justice of the Peace. At the expiration of his 
term as Justice, he was elected Associate Judge of Mad- 
ison County, .•\rter his removal to Greenfield, Judge 
Walker was trustee of Center Township during the 
years 1862, 1S63, and 1S64. He has been an earnest advo- 
cate of all enterprises to advance the interests of Han- 
cock County, aiding in building railroads, turnpikes, 
school-houses, and churches. In 1S60 he took a trip to 
the Rocky Mountains, and visited Denver and the gold 
mines on the Platte River. Although not a member of 
any religious denomination, Judge Walker's inclinations 
are toward the Methodist Episcopal Church. He was a 
Whig in the days of that party, and has since been a Re- 
publican, lie is firm in his convictions, outspoken, clear- 
headed, and accurate. He is a good conversationalist, 
well informed on current topics, and his uniformly 
kind and social disposition has endeared him to a large 
circle of friends. At the age of sixty-seven, Judge 
Walker retains much of his original vigor, and it is to 
be hoped that his career of usefulness may be prolonged 
many years. 

fJAI.LACE, GOVERNOR DAVID, the subject of 
{• this sketch, was one of those whose memory In- 
\-.! -y (liana delights to honor. He readily won the re- 
'-^T)' spect and esteem of all who knew him, by his 
ability, his candid mien, his generous heart, and his free- 
dom from duplicity or deceit. He was born in Mifflin 
County, Pennsylvania, on the twenty-fourth day of April, 
1799. While he was yet very young his parents moved 
westward, settling in Ohio, near Cincinnati. At the 
age of fifteen he was sent to New Orleans to engage 
in business, but at the end of one year his father and 
friends, through General Harrison, then Representative 
from the Cincinnati district, procured his appointment 
as a cadet in the military school at West Point, the 
general wilhilrawing the claims of his own son. He 
was successful there as a student, taking a high rank 

in his class, and, in 1S21, graduating among the first. 
He was subsequently retained for a lime as tutor in the 
iiistitution. After one year's service in the army, he 
began the study of law at Brookville, Indiana, where 
in 1823 he opened a general practice, a very short time 
sufficing for him lo secure a lucrative business. The 
memory of his brilliant successes in that circuit is as 
fresh with the older men of that region as if they had 
been achieved yesterday. Having practiced there eight 
years, he moved to Covington, Fountain County, in 
1S31, where he lived until 1S37, in which year he was 
elected Governor. He removed now to Indianapolis, 
where he afterwards resided. While living in Franklin 
County, he was elected to the Legislature in 1828, 1S29, 
and 1830. He was chosen Lieutenant-governor in 1831, 
and again in 1834, which office he held till 1837. He 
was at the head of the ticket of the party advocating 
internal improvements, and afterward, when his scheme 
proved a failure, he was often twitted by his friends 
for his expressions of false prophecy ; as he had said 
during the canvass that an extra hen and chickens 
would be sufficient to pay all the additional tax that 
would need to be levied for the purposes of internal 
improvement. Governor Wallace's first wife was the 
daughter of the Hon. John Test, and a sister of Judge 
Charles H. Test, of Indianapolis. Of this marriage were 
three children, all of whom are yet living. The oldest, 
William W^allace, is a highly respected citizen and tal- 
ented lawyer of Indianapolis; the second son is General 
Lew. Wallace, whose history is familiar, not only to the 
state, but throughout the nation. He lives in Craw- 
fordsville, as does also the third son, Edward. The 
wife of his second marriage was the daughter of Doctor 
John H. Sanders, a leading physician. By her he 
had three children: a daughter, the wife of William W. 
Leathers, a lawyer of Indianapolis, now dead; an- 
other daughter, Agnes, married to Mr. J. H. Steiner; 
and a son, a namesake. He died in September, 1859, 
in the sixty-first year of his age. This was not only to 
many a private bereavement, but it was also a public 
calamity. On the fifth day of September of that year, 
at 3 P. M., the members of the bar and officers of the 
Court of Common Pleas, of which he was Judge, met 
to do the last sad rites to one who had for a whole life 
been an ornament to his profession. His stand was 
draped in mourning, fitly symbolizing the grief of the 
assembled audience. Remarks were made by the young 
and old, alike testifying, as with one voice, to the great 
regard had for him who had gone to another land — one 
of perfect law and liberty. On the 26th Mr. John Coburn 
presented to the Circuit Court resolutions expressive 
of their deep sorrow, on which occasion he delivered 
the following eulogy, which, for its merit of composition 
and fidelity to truth, we quote nearly entire: 

'* May it please the Comi : Having been chosen to pre- 

jtri Dis/.] 



sent to the court the resolutions expressive of the estimate 
of the bar of Imlianapolis of the worth and character of 
the Hon. David Wallace, lately deceased, and of the pro- 
found sense of their loss, I am reminded of his long, hon- 
orable, and useful career, of his many public services, 
of his many private virtues, of the eloquent tongue, the 
brilliant eye, the impressive mien, of the attractive and 
noble whole, which for so many years drew the atten- 
tion commanded the respect, and won the admiration of 
his fellow-citizens. I am reminded of the keen, ardent 
student at West Point, mastering the abstruse and in- 
tricate science of mathematics; of the young, ambitious 
lawyer, with his struggles for bread, and his harvest of 
fame; of the politician, enthusiastic, active, working for 
the public good, resting alone upon the merit of his 
measures ; of the man, gentle, modest, kind, affable, 
winning. It is proper that here, in the Court-house, 
we should commemorate his life and perpetuate his 
memory, in this the scene of his earthly triumphs, the 
scene of his latest earthly labors. It is proper that the 
bar should recount his achievements and emulate his 
virtues. It is proper that the great and good should 
live in the memories and hearts of their friends, when 
their forms have departed and the light of their per- 
sonal presence has gone out forever. We meet to-day 
to commemorate the good qualities and good deeds of 
one who has long stood in the front rank of the men 
of our state; st the bar, on the bench, in high official 
station as a legislator and Governor; who has taken no 
doubtful part in the contests which have agitated the 
public, but who often in his earlier years wore the 
plume that was the focus of all eyes in the thickest of 
the fight, and wielded the sword that scattered the foe 
with deadliest force. And yet his was not the rugged, 
stern, overbearing nature, which made him delight in 
such scenes. He was a man of the gentlest and kind- 
liest, of even temper, of quiet habits, of modest de- 
meanor, of genial and friendly temper. It is an easy 
task to sketch the character that is marked by strong 
peculiarities, by eccentric traits, and forcible or rude 
features; but to exhibit to view such a one as Governor 
Wallace, so well balanced, so fully and so generally de- 
veloped, so finely and so delicately proportioned, is the 
task of a skillful writer, and one which, I fear, will be 
but poorly performed by myself. While Lieutenant- 
governor he took an active part in the politics of the 
state, and earned a wide reputation as a debater. In 
the contest upon the question of establishing a stale 
bank, in the years 1833 and 1834, he was a leader among 
the advocates of the bank, and to his zeal, eloquence, 
and adroitness do we owe in part the adoption of the 
old charter of the State Bank of Indiana. Immediately 
after the adoption of the bank charter the state became 
aroused to the importance of internal improvements, 
and, as the embodiment of this sentiment, Mr. Wallace 

was proposed as the candidate for Governor. John 
Dumont, an able and ingenious lawyer, was his oppo- 
nent, taking a position in favor of classifying the public 
works, and completing them a part at a time. The re- 
sult is known. The state was peculiarly unfortunate in 
procuring loans, was defrauded out of millions by 
Eastern speculators; and this, added to the general 
pressure in the money market, discouraged the people, 
and in a short time broke down the system, leaving 
the state largely in debt, with a vast amount of un- 
finished improvements, yielding no tolls, affording no 
facilities to business and travel, and adding nothing to 
the value of real estate. Thus it was in 1840, when 
his term for Governor expired, he, although the favorite 
of his party, was not nominated, for fear of the odium 
of the internal improvement system. Samuel Bigger, 
an excellent man, was selected as candidate. So it 
often happens that the soldier, who has borne the bur- 
then and heat of the day, is supplanted by him who had 
no share in the danger of battle, and bore no wounds 
as marks of the hot contest that is over. Quietly and 
patiently he stepped aside for his successor; no word of 
murmuring, no term of reproach, was heard from his lips; 
with hearty good will he indorsed the action of the con- 
vention, and retired to private life, as he came from it, an 
honest man, without a dollar of public money in his purse, 
without an imputation of dishonor upon his character. 
He resumed the practice of the law, but in less than a 
year was elected to Congress, and served one term as 
Representative of the Sixth District. He was a lead- 
ing member, and one of the Committee of Ways 
and Means, during the stormy period of the extra ses- 
sion, and the sessions of 1S41 and 1842, when the Whig 
party, from the very summit of success and political 
power, became demoralized and disorganized, never 
again to renew its strength or enforce its principles. 
Governor Wallace labored ardently and successfully for 
the perfection of the tariff measures of 1842, and his 
best speech in Congress was made in their favor. Dur- 
ing this session he voted for the bill making an appro- 
priation to enable Professor Morse, then indigent, to 
complete his magnetic telegraph. The fate of this meas- 
ure was determined in committee, and there the prop- 
osition was carried by the vote of Mr. Wallace, it being 
equally divided without him. For this vote he received 
severe censure from his friends, who, unlike him, could 
see no good in the experiment. He lost votes by it at 
the succeeding election, and it, combined with other 
influences of a partisan nature, conti'ibuted to his defeat. 
At this day the entire and wonderful success of the 
telegraph is the best vindication of his sagacity and 
independence. Perhaps in a legislator nothing is re- 
quired in a stronger degree than independence, a readi- 
ness to support a good measure even if its popularity is 
doubtful. No doubt the proudest moment of Governor 



[7 A Dist. 

Wallace's life was that in whicli it was announced that 
the ocean telegraph had been successfully laid, and the 
truth of Morse's theory tested upon its broadest field. 
The satisfaction of such an hour was worili a hundred 
seats in Congress ; could not be gauged or measured by 
the standards of power or honor. Again resuming the 
practice of the law, after his defeat for Congress in 
1S43, he continued to lie actively engaged in it until 
elected to the office of Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas in 1856, a position he held till his decease, with 
the respect, confidence, and affectionate regard of the 
bar and the whole community. In the year 1850 Gov- 
ernor Wallace was a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention, and took a quiet but attentive, punctual, and 
rather conservative jiart in the deliberations of that 
body. His most efiective and brilliant efforts at the 
bar were mailc in criminal cases, and in them he rose, 
in point of elegance and naturalness of style, in depth 
of feeling, and propriety of discussion, to an elevation 
worthy the emulation of his compeers. As a judge, 
many of the best <|ualities of his character shone forth. 
With an amiability and patience unfaltering, an industry 
conlinui>u> to the last hour of the term, a promptness 
only equaled by his impartiality and justice, he out- 
rivaled his fame as an orator and politician, and in the 
quiet duties of a judge found his crowning glory. As 
an orator. Governor Wallace had few equals in the 
nation. With a voice modulated to the finest and nicest 
precision, an eye sparkling and expressive, a counte- 
nance and person remarkable for beauty and symmetry, 
he stepped upon the speaker's stand, in these respects, 
far in advance of his compeers. His style of delivery 
W.1S impressive, graceful, and at times impassioned, 
never rising to a scream or breaking into wild gesticu- 
lation, and never descending into indistinctness or las- 
situde. His style of composition was chaste, finished, 
flowing, and beautiful, often swelling up into the rarest 
eloquence or melting down into the tenderest pathos. 
In the contests for Lieutenant-governor and Governor 
he exhibited remarkable powers as an orator. His 
political sentiments were in opposition to the Jackson 
party, whicli controlled the state, but in spite of these 
he was three times elected by the people of the whole 
stale. Such was the interest thrown around state poli- 
tics by (lovernor Wallace and others during the period 
from iSjo to 1840, that national politics were forgotten, 
in a measure, in the struggle. But it was not alone in 
enforcing public measures in the Legislature or execu- 
tive chair, or the courts of justice, that the voice of 
Governor Wallace was heard with effect. His famous 
speech at the battle-ground of Tippecanoe thrilled the 
slate with an enthusiasm for General Harrison when as 
yel his candidacy for the presidency was a problem. 
It was then that the little black-haired boy, who had 
been preferred by him to his own son, to a place 

at West Point, roused the war-broken soldiers of 
1812, and rallied to the flag of their old chieftain. It 
was then that the flame was kindled upon the western 
plains which in 1840, with the fury of a tornado, swept 
beyond the confines of Indiana to the remotest corner 
of the Union. Here it was, in our own state, that the 
Harrison campaign of 1840 had its origin, and to Gov- 
ernor Wallace more than any man, living or dead, was 
its origin owing. On the 7th of November, 1835, '''^^ 
twenty-fourth anniversary of the battle of Tippecanoe, 
a great convention met upon the battle-ground. In re- 
sponse to a toast. Governor Wallace delivered a speech 
which, for burning and beautiful eloquence, has few 
parallels in American oratory. In speaking of the spot, 
he says : ' We have been told by the magic genius of 
our youthful poet that we are standing on one of the 
proudest battle-fields of our country — the very soil of 
which has been rendered holy by the blood of heroes ; 
that some of the noblest of Kentucky's chivalry are 
sleeping beneath our feet, inclosed in the same grave, 
mingling their dust with the bravest of the sons of In- 
diana; that although no monument as yet arises to 
commemorate their deeds, no inscription to claim the 
homage of gratitude from the traveler, scarce a vestige 
to indicate the exact place of their repose, still — still 
they are not forgotten. Their memories and their whole 
sacrifices have found an abiding place and sanctuary in 
the hearts of the living who are here, and of every son 
and daughter of Indiana who is absent ; and there they 
remain, to be forever fondly and devotedly cherished, 
while mnn has a soul to worship at the altar of patriot- 
ism, or woman a tear to shed at the tomb of the fallen 
brave.' His speech delivered at the opening of Asbury 
University, at Greencastle; his eulogy upon John Quincy 
Adams, delivered at Indianapolis; and his eulogy upon 
Henry Clay, delivered at Rushville, rank in literary 
merit with the finished productions of Wirt and Everett 
and Sumner, and will yet, we trust, be rescued from 
oblivion, and be placed in an enduring form, the delight 
of refined taste, models of chaste and beautiful English 
style. His prepared orations were completed with the 
severest care. As the sculptor chiseled down and fin- 
ished his statue, chipping and chipping away the stone 
to find within his beautiful ideal, so did he elaborate 
his thoughts till they assumed the shape he would 
give them, and so will retain it forever. His literary 
tastes were pure. He read the best books; read them 
over again. He read the masters of good English — 
Milton, Shakespeare, Burke, Goldsmith, Chalmers, 
Wirt, Webster — and never tired of them. He read con- 
stantly ; almost every night found him reclining, with 
candle by his bedside, poring over his favorite authors. 
With such mental associates, who wonders at the sim- 
]dicity, honesty, and general rectitude of his character? 
In his position as president of the Senate for six years 


Jth Dist.^ 



he happily illustrated his ability to control his voice and 
person. As a [iresiding officer, he has had in this state 
no equal in grace, and no superior in promptness, clear- 
ness, and facility to do business. No one who ever saw 
him presiding over the Senate of Indiana, from 1831 to 
1837, can forget the impression left by his brilliant ap- 
pearance in the chair. And yet, with all his ability to 
preside with dignity and propriety, his was the most 
jocular and merry temper. No severity was mingled 
with his decorum ; no harshness coupled with the en- 
forcement of order. The last words of his life were 
those of pleasant jesting with his wife. The political 
and official history of the deceased would lead one, in 
the absence of knowledge of his personal character, to 
expect that he had become more or less imbued with 
the spirit of the times. But those who have known him 
the longest and the most intimately can unite their 
voices in calling for proof or allegation that he ever 
knowingly wronged a fellow-creature or pocketed a sin- 
gle cent in dishonesty or corruption. Few persons born 
at the close of the last century, and flourishing through 
more than half the present one, prominently, in both 
private and political station, can present such a record 
as this. Verily, the absence of evil is the best evidence 
of the presence of good — far better than all the monu- 
ments ever erected by either real or Pharisaic piety." 

■^^ijARRUM, NOBLE, Hancock County, Indiana, 
'Wip was born July 8, 1S19, in Wayne County, Indi- 
v^A^ ana. His father, Harmon Warrum, emigrated to 
"^ this county from Kentucky about the year 1807. 
He married, in 1809, Miss Edith Butler, a native of 
Georgia, who had recently emigrated to the same 
county. Both were of English descent. When Noble 
Warrum was about six years of age his father removed 
to Hancock (then included in Madison) County. The 
country now embraced in the limits of Hancock County 
was then a wilderness. Mr. Warrum's father settled in 
the southern part of this section, 011 the Blue River. 
At the age of thirteen Mr. Warrum lost his mother, 
and in about two years his father married a lady named 
Catharine Crumm. At the early age of fourteen. Noble 
Warrum left home and embarked in the business of 
life, having nothing to rely upon but undaunted energy, 
a spirit of enterprise — which he possessed by nature — 
and a resolution to practice industry and frugality. He 
selected agriculture as his pursuit, to which vocation he 
still adheres. His success as a farmer shows that he 
must have exercised a discriminating judgment in di- 
recting his operations and pracliced habitual promptness 
in executing them. Mr. Warrum's educational advan- 
tages were very limited. He attended only the old- 
fashioned log school-houses, and even that assistance 

was afforded him only for the space of nine months. 
Having from an early age an ardent desire for knowl- 
edge, he seized all opportunities, and improved every 
means of mental development, and thus, by reading, 
by reflection, and by the study of human nature, has 
been enabled to do much for the culture of a mind by 
nature strong and active. In the strictest sense he may 
be said to be a self-made man. Eminently of a practi- 
cal turn of mind, he has never made any department of 
literature or science a special study. During his whole 
life Mr. Warrum has been a resident of Hancock 
County. In 1839 he was appointed county collector, 
an office now substituted by that of county treasurer. 
He received this appointment from the county commis- 
sioners before he was of age, and entered upon its du- 
ties in 1840, when barely eligible. At the expiration 
of the four years' terra he was elected county assessor 
by a large majority. In 1S60 he received the unanimous 
nomination of his party for Representative of the county 
in the state Legislature, and was elected by about one 
hundred over the party vote. Since then he has served 
two terms in the same responsible position. As a Rep- 
resentative, he was not only watchful and attentive to 
the interests of his own constituents, but always evinced 
an earnest desire to promote those of the state at large. 
He won the confidence and esteem of his constituents 
by his fidelity ; and his sound judgment, conservative 
views, and independent disposition made him a valu- 
able Representative. Since 1856 Mr. Warrum has been 
connected with the Masonic Fraternity. His religious 
belief is in universal salvation. In politics he has 
always been a Democrat, of the Jefferson and Jackson 
school. Mr. Warrum has married three times — first, 
on February 16, 1842, Miss Rosa Ann, daughter of 
Richard Williams, of Hancock County, Indiana. Mrs. 
Warrum died August 27, 1862, leaving one son, Rich- 
ard H. Warrum. In April, 1863, he married Miss 
Maria A. Wood, daughter of Wythel A. Wood, of 
Hancock County, Indiana. She died December 27, 
1873, leaving three sons. Noble, Henry, and Mack, and 
one daughter, Rosa Ann. He married, December ig, 
1S77, Miss Mary Jane Cory, daughter of Abuer Cory, 
of Madison County. In stature Mr. Warrum is a little 
above medium size ; he possesses a strong constitution, 
cheerful and vivacious spirits, and a kind and hospitable 

^HJeBB, WILLIS S., banker, of Indianapolis, is an 
>Y;Yi> Indianian by birth, and may justly bear the title 
vA^ of self-made, having worked his way unaided, 
^^ from the humblest ranks of toil, through the 
vicissitudes and adversities of life, to an honorable and 
influential position among men. Mr. Webb was bom 
in Clarke County, Indiana, November 10, 1819. His 



[ ytk Dist. 

father, John Webb, was born August 29, 17S1, in Vir- 
ginia. His mother, Nancy Webb, daugliter of Richard 
and Peggy Davis, was born October 24, 17S8, and was 
own cousin to the noted Jefferson Davis. With the 
early pioneers his father came to Kentucky, and engaged 
in many conflicts and stirring adventures with the In- 
dians, being one of the volunteers who pursued the 
savages who were raiding the country and killing the 
people of Southern Indiana. In August, 1S21, or when 
the subject of this sketch was but two years of age, his 
father removed to Shelby County. At this time Indiana 
was in such a primitive state that the track of the bear 
and deer, the howl of the wolf or cry of the panther, 
were more frequent sights and sounds than the imprint 
of the foot of man or the sound of the human voice. 
Here, on the banks of Sugar Creek, on the farm cleared 
by his father, was Willis reared to manhood. In addi- 
tion to farm work he learned the art of tanning leather 
and making shoes, the sparsity of settlement rendering 
it necessary for them to depend upon their own in- 
genuity and resources for comfort. He learned, also, 
carpentering and blacksmithing. At the age of eleven 
years he was sent to the old log school-house to detain 
an education. Mr. Webb retains a vivid recollection 
of the scene of his first effort in obtaining the rudi- 
ments of an education. Attending school three months, 
he learned to read and spell, his list of studies being 
comprised in Webster's spelling-book. At home he 
learned the multiplication table, and soon began to 
comprehend the use of figures, working up in arithmetic 
to what was called the single rule of three, and into prac- 
tice, when his school education was ended, and he again 
went to work upon the farm. On September 15, 1839, 
he was married to Miss Frances M. White, daughter of 
James and Mary White, of Shelby County, and on the 
3d of October ensuing was ready, with his bride and his 
father's family, to remove to Greene County, Missouri. 
This trip, although tedious, and of forty days' duration, 
was full of adventures and pleasant incidents. Near 
Springfield they halted, purchased a farm, and were 
soon comfortably housed in a log-cabin, twelve by four- 
teen feet in size, with a rude stone chimney and rustic 
couch, constructed of rails covered with i*ough-hewn 
boards. Occupied in tilling the ground, hewing logs, 
and splitting rails, his life was a contented and happy 
one until a year later, when he was stricken down with 
fever. Discouraged by this misfortune, upon his re- 
covery he determined to return to Indiana, which he 
did, in company with his married brothers and sisters, 
moving in a Dearborn wagon, working one horse in line 
before the other. This might be termed the "log-cabin 
and hard cider" campaign year, and Mr. Webb cast his 
first vote for Van Buren for President. Reaching his 
destination in November, 1841, he built a hc««d log- 
tabin, and commenced clearing the ground for a farm. 

In February, 1842, word was received that his father 
was lying at the point of death, and, with two brothers, 
he started for Missouri. Arriving there after a month's 
journey, he found his father still alive but very low. 
On the 7th of March, 1842, he departed this life, and 
was buried in Springfield, Missouri, the return trip also 
requiring a month. Mr. Webb remained on his place 
five years, also using his skill in blacksmithing, but in 
1847 moved with his brother, John G. Webb, to Frank- 
lin, Indiana, where they built a smithy, and began man- 
ufacturing wagons, plows, and buggies, besides doing 
horse-shoeing, and all kinds of smith work. By hard 
labor, however, he injured his spine, and was obliged to 
quit the business. Returning to the farm, he found his 
health too much impaired for manual labor, and, conse- 
quently, turned his attention to other pursuits, entering 
into mercantile business, in company with Hon. John W. 
Keightly, in 1S50, remaining in that business until 1856, 
when he sold out to his partner, and for the two years 
following was engaged in carpentering and building. 
In 1856 Mr. Webb also entered into the banking busi- 
ness, issuing bills of one and two dollar denominations; 
but the ne.xt Legislature prohibited the issuing of notes 
by individuals as money, and he was obliged to retire. In 
1S5S he formed a copartnership with Doctor T. A. Pink- 
ney, W. W. Woollen, and William Needham, and com- 
menced banking under the firm name of Willis S. Webb 
& Co. This connection continued until after the out- 
break of the war, when, by act of Congress, private 
banks were placed in such a position that they 
could no longer compete on equal terms with those 
chartered by the United States. On January i, 
i860, Mr. Webb lost his mother by death, which 
was a sad blow to one of his affectionate nature. 
While continuing the banking business Mr. \Vebb also 
turned his attention to mercantile pui'suits, and was 
solicited by W. W. Johnston, of iSIurphy, Johnston & 
Co., of Cincinnati, to open« wholesale dry-goods house 
In Indianapolis, which he did, in company with John 
W. Murphy, R. Frank Kennedy, and Jackson Holliday, 
under the firm name of Webb, Kennedy & Co. After 
eight months Mr. Webb sold out to his partners and 
devoted his time to the First National Bank of Frank- 
lin, in the organization of which he took an active in- 
terest, the stockholders being his former partners and 
some substantial farmers. This bank was chartered in 
1863, Mr. Webb was elected president, being the prin- 
cipal stockholder, and served as such for a period of 
six years. He then resigned his position, through be- 
coming interested in the organization of the Indiana 
Banking Company, at Indianapolis, with W. W. 
Woollen, J. P. Banta, W. Needham, F. A. W. Davis, 
John L. Ketchum, and Samuel C. Vance, the partner- 
ship to continue for five years from March, 1865. Dur- 
ing this period he was also actively engaged in the 

yth Dut.\ 



wholesale dry-goods business, with Captain W. C. 
Tarkiiigton, Hon. Franlilin Landers, and A. B. Con- 
duil, under the firm name of Webb, Tarl<ington & Co. 
Selling out to C. B. Pattison in a year, Mr. Webb 
founded another wholesale house, with L. M. Fitzhugh, 
W. Needham, and A. E. Pattison, the firm name being 
Webb, Pattison & Co. His health failing, Mr. Webb 
soon gave up active management of the business, and in 
a year the house was consolidated with that of Landers, 
Conduil & Co. Meanwhile still other interests engaged 
his attention, which make his wonderful executive 
ability and skill as a successful financier more apparent. 
In 1S67, or while engaged in the wholesale grocery 
business, Mr. Webb, with Mr. James S. Hibben, pur- 
chased an interest in the Hydraulic Woolen Mill of 
Columbus, Indiana, which was then operated under a 
copartnership. He immediately took steps to organize 
a joint-stock company, which was soon effected, with a 
capital stock. The business was prosecuted, under the 
new organization, with Willis S. Webb as president and 
J. S. Hibben as secretary, B. F. Jones and William 
Carter being selected for the active management. This 
arrangement continued for about two years, when cir- 
cumstances and a heavy debt necessitated a change in 
management, and Mr. Webb assumed control and the 
entire management of the business, assisted only by his 
sons, John C. Webb and William H. Webb. To bring 
order out of chaos, success out of threatened failure, was 
a difficult task, but one to which Mr. Webb was equal. 
Although the business was new to him, he soon mas- 
tered the situation, and managed the enterprise with 
strict economy, and reduced expenses the first year six- 
teen thousand dollars, and in two years paid off the en- 
tire indebtedness, amounting to over sixty thousand 
dollars, after which he sold the property. In 1874 Mr. 
Webb sold out his interest and retired permanently 
from mercantile pursuits. Upon the expiration, by 
terms of contract in five years, of the banking partner- 
ship, Messrs. Webb and Woollen retired from the In- 
diana Banking Company and entered upon a private 
banking business, under the name of Woollen, Webb & 
Co., Mr. Webb supplying the largest part of the capi- 
tal. This house did a large and lucrative business. 
The firm had a large class of customers w-ho required 
accommodations and discounts. These favors were ex- 
tended by the house to their own misfortune, for the 
evil days of the panic drew on apace and created a 
scarcity of currency in their vaults. Having sustained 
severe losses, they were obliged to ask an extension of 
time from their creditors, which was readily granted, 
and in a short time the house was enabled to satisfy all 
demands and opened its doors to business again. Since 
that time which " tried men's souls" in Indiana, the firm 
lias enjoyed the fullest confidence of the community, 
anil stands upon as firm a basis as any banking house in 

the state. The building is owned by the firm and is a 
handsome structure, worthy of the Hoosier capital. At 
intervals during the six years past, Mr. Webb has made 
trips to Texas, visiting all the principal cities. He was 
charmed with the country and its resources, and pur- 
chased large tracts of land in different portions of the 
state. Traveling through Tennessee, he also invested 
largely in real estate in that state, as well as in In- 
diana, where he has several fine farms, and may be 
ranked as a large landed proprietor, spending a great 
portion of his time on the different tracts, to see that 
proper improvements are made. In the fall of 187S 
the public-spirited enterprise of Mr. Webb attracted 
the notice of Colonel William Bailey, president of 
the Iron Mountain and Helena Railroad, who so- 
licited his aid in that undertaking ; and Mr. Webb 
has since proved an indefatigable adjunct to its pro- 
gress toward completion, contributing time and money 
to that end, and acting as one of the directors 
and vice-president. Although the principal occu- 
pations of Mr. Webb's life are herein enumerated, 
he has engaged in many other enterprises and labors. 
From 1862 he for seven years owned and operated a 
flouring-mill at Franklin, Indiana. In 1872 Mr. Webb 
built another large mill, at Mooresville, for his son, 
which he afterward exchanged for a farm in Morgan 
County. In 1864 he engaged in the wholesale grocery 
business in Indianapolis, which proved very profitable, 
as seems to have been characteristic of all enterprises in 
which he invested. His religious views are liberal as to 
denominations and creeds, but having been brought up 
a Baptist he adheres to that form of worship, his 
parents as well as the parents of his wife being of that 
persuasion. In 1863 Mr. Webb was initiated into the 
order of Free and Accepted Masons, and is now a mem- 
ber of the lodge of Ancient Landmarks. The wife of 
his youth still lives to cheer and bless his life. Nine 
children have been born to them, four of whom, three 
sons and one daughter, have passed beyond the portal 
of death'. Two daughters and three .sons are living, 
honest, upright, and valuable citizens. The eldest son, 
William H. Webb, occupies the position of teller in the 
bank of Woollen, Webb & Co. John C, the second 
son, is a farmer, residing in Morgan County, Indiana. 
The eldest daughter, Pinkie Pattison, married A. E. 
Pattison, son of Nelson Pattison, her husband being a 
wholesale merchant connected with Murphy, Johnston 
& Co., a firm of Indianapolis. The second daughter, 
Mary A., married Elisha E. Jones, a son of Aquila 
Jones, and with her husband resides on a farm in Hen- 
dricks County, Courtland District. The youngest child 
is a promising youth of seventeen years, now attending 
the cadet school or college at Farmdale, near Frankfort, 
Kentucky. All of the children of Mr. Webb have 
received the benefit — denied their parents — of an excel- 



[ 7th Dist. 

li-nt education; the two elder sons having graduated 
from Franklin College, Indiana. Mr. Webb has always 
been a stanch Democrat, though never an office-seeker. 
A man of earnest convictions and of pronounced opin- 
ions, his political friends always know where to find 
him, and as a consequence his opinions have weight. 
On more than one occasion the fate of the Indianapolis 
Siiilhul has been in his hands. At the close of the cam- 
paign of 1S76 the Siiitincl company was bankrupt, and 
a reorganization was demanded. At this juncture Mr. 
Webb slepped forth and brought order out of chaos. 
His great powers of organization were never more con- 
spicuous, and at once the new company had matters 
under control, and the Sentinel entered upon a career 
of prosperity and influence. Since that time, when 
business in every department became depressed and 
journalism experienced embarrassments, Mr. Webb's 
counsel and great financial credit were brought into 
retpiisition to the advantage of the Sentinel^ and it may 
be said to the credit of Mr. Webb that these kind offices 
were |)erformed without pay and witTiout reward, ex- 
cept such as is realized by those who are ready In word 
and deed to aid their friends when in need, and help on 
enterprises which have for their purpose the advance- 
ment of the public welfare. There are few men in 
Indiana more entirely self-made than the subject of this 
sketch. With a mind unusually fertile in resources, 
Mr. Webb sees success when others confess defeat. 
Confident and self-poised, ordinary obstacles do not 
deter him. Indefatigable and indomitable, he goes for- 
ward when others hesitate, and is confident when otliers 
doubt. His life may be studied with profit by those 
who may bewail their poverty in youth, for, on every 
page the lesson may be learned, that "where there is a 
will there is a way," and that fortune's favorites are 
those who woo her by rugged advances as well as by 
the blandishments of wealth and station. Farms, shops, 
factories, banks, and stately buildings, scattered along 
the highway of life that Mr. Webb has traveled, are tlie 
monuments of hi^ success, gratifying alike to hmiself, to 
his family, and his friends. Such men deserve a place 
in a volume dedicated to eminent self-made men. 

' TaSSON, WILLIAM GRAHAM, city treasurer, 
Indianapolis, was born at North East, Cecil 
County, Maryland, June 15, 1836. His parents 
were William P. and Anna M. Wasson, her 
maiden name being Graham. On both sides Mr. Was- 
son is of Scotch descent; the name Graham especially 
will be familiar to all readers of Scotch history or liter- 
aiiire. His father was engaged in agricultural pursuits; 
but farm life had no special charms for William G., 
whose parents were in such circumslances as compelled 

him to earn his bread by the sweat of his brow in early 
life. In his younger days he had only the meager edu- 
cational advantages offered by the primitive schools of 
that part of the country, and it was in the workshop 
that he was destined to receive his diploma of gradua- 
tion. At the age of fourteen, with his parents, he re- 
moved to Safe Harbor, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 
and obtained employment in a rolling mill at such light 
work around the rolls as a boy of his age could accom- 
plish. Here he wrought, picking up considerable infor- 
mation about the business, until Tie was seventeen years 
old, when he was apprenticed to learn the trade of ma- 
chinist and roll-turner. At the age of twenty-one he 
had completed his apprenticeship, but continued in the 
same employment as a journeyman until the spring of 
1861. After the flag of the nation had gone down at 
Sumter, and grim-visaged war brooded over the land, 
he threw down his tools, and joined the army as private 
in Company D, 1st Regiment Pennsylvania Reserve 
Volunteer Corps, which was organized by Governor 
Curtin. He was soon after promoted to be sergeant, 
and in succession to orderly sergeant, first lieutenant, 
and captain, and was breveted major for meritorious 
conduct. The regiment was attached to the Third Di- 
vision, First Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac, 
under General McDowell, and afterwards transferred to 
the Fifth Army Corps, under General John F. Reynolds. 
Captain Wasson participated with his regiment in all 
the battles and skirmishes of the historic Army of the 
Potomac, and still bears upon his body the scars inflicted 
by rebel bullets. He was wounded at the second battle 
of Bull Run, at Antietam, and at Spottsylvania Court 
House, but remained in active service with his corps 
until he was mustered out at the expiration of his term 
of service, June i, 1864. He returned to Lancaster 
City at the close of the war, but soon went to Buffalo, 
New York, and obtained employment at his old busi- 
ness of machinist and roll-turner in the Union Iron 
Works of that city. He soon became well known as an 
able and expert workman in his line, and always secured 
the fullest confidence of his employers. He continued 
to reside at Buffalo until August, 1867, when he removed 
to Indianapolis, and at once entered the establishment 
of the Indianapolis Rolling Mills Company, taking 
charge of the department of roll-turning, in wdiich he 
was an expert. His strict attention to his duties, and 
unflinching devotion to the interests of his employers, 
won their esteem and respect, which were afterwards 
shown in a most substantial manner. Captain Wasson 
had always been a pronounced Republican, and, though 
not aggressive in his manner, took an active interest in 
questions of local polity, so that his name became very 
familiar to the workers of his own party, while his per- 
sonal popularity was unquestioned, irrespective of party, 
and he had made many and warm attachments in the 

yth Dist.] 



city of his adoption. In 1879 he was induced b)' his 
friends to make the race for the important office of city 
treasurer of Indianapolis, and on May 6 of that year he 
was triumphantly elected. It was no small compliment 
to his worth and character to be made the custodian 
of the funds of a city of the importance and size of 
Indianapolis, and which requires a bond of a million 
and a half of dollars. He received the warm support 
of many personal friends outside his own party, and the 
sureties on his bond were by no means confined to the 
Republican ranks. His employers were loath to dispense 
with his services, but rewarded his fidelity by their 
enthusiastic support in the canvass. Mr. Wasson's first 
vote was cast for Thaddeus Stevens, who was long a 
resident of Lancaster City, Pennsylvania. Since his 
assumption of the duties of his office, of which he took 
charge September I, 1879, his administration has been 
in the highest degree satisfactory to all classes of cit- 
izens, and he is daily adding to the number of his 
friends. He is an enthusiastic worker in the interests 
of his party, with a clear conception of the responsibil- 
ities of his position. In his social life he is blessed 
with a happy disposition, and his surroundings are of 
the pleasantest character. On the 20th of May, 1S60, 
he was married to Miss Lizzie Doersh, a native of Lan- 
caster City, Pennsylvania. Their four surviving chil- 
dren are named, respectively, Ella, Bertha, Maggie, and 
Emma. Both Mr. Wasson's parents are still living, 
and reside in Indianapolis, surrounded by children and 
grandchildren. One who has known Mr. Wasson inti- 
mately from boyhood, under whose instructions he took 
his first steps in business, says that from a child he pos- 
sessed personal magnetism of a strong type, making 
friends with all with whom he came in contact. As an 
evidence of his popularity with his associates, it may 
be mentioned that, after his accession to the office of 
treasurer his good offices were sought for, and were 
mainly instrumental, in healing a serious strife that had 
arisen between the employes of the rolling mill and the 
company. He is a genial, pleasant companion, of a 
most cheerful and lively disposition, and in his domes- 
tic relations is as happily situated as he is popular as an 
official, and respected by all classes of citizens as a gen- 
tleman of integrity and honor. He is a man of strong 
will, energetic and determined, with that control of 
himself under all circumstances which is the surest evi- 
dence of power. 

'•MTeLLS, MERRITT, D. D. S., of Indianapolis, was 
Tbip bom in Jennings County, Indiana, January 18, 

ti833. His father, Lemuel Wells, was a native 
of Kentucky, where he was born September II, 
iSoi. His mother, who was before marriage Miss Polly 
Walton, was born in the Pine Tree .State, April 7, 1807, 
C— 16 

and married Lemuel Wells in Jefferson County, Indiana. 
The father died April 7, 1870, at the age of sixty-nine, 
but the mother is still living, her temporary home being 
in Utica, Indiana. Like other Western boys of his 
time, Doctor Wells was forced to depend upon the com- 
mon schools of the period, crude and imperfect though 
they were, for his early education. Knowing, however, 
the advantage which a more thorough knowledge would 
give him in competing with the world, he entered As- 
bury University, at Greencastle, Indiana. In that admi- 
rable institution of learning, close study, a strong and 
vigorous mind, and natural energy won for him a posi- 
tion of recognized prominence in his classes. At the 
age of twenty-five he selected the pursuit which he has 
since followed, namely, that of dental surgery. He 
immediately proceeded to Cincinnati, Ohio, and entered 
upon a course in the Ohio College of Dental Surgery. 
With such earnestness did he apply himself to the labo- 
rious duties here imposed that he graduated with high 
honors in 1S60, showing that untiring industry and 
faithfulness to purpose can not end in failure. Such 
proficiency did he show in his chosen profession that, 
after his graduation, the faculty appointed him to the 
responsible position of demonstrator in the mechanical 
and operative departments of the college. This act was 
not only a proof of the esteem in which he was held as 
an individual, but was also high evidence of ability. 
Being ambitious to succeed as a practitioner, he did not 
retain the position of demonstrator but for one year, at 
the end of which time he entered a dental office in Cin- 
cinnati. This transition period in the life of any man 
is always instructive and full of interest. Doctor Wells 
remained in Cincinnati for a short time, practicing the 
profession for which he had fitted himself by assiduous 
toil and a never-weakening perseverance. But in look- 
ing aiound for a field where he could, by his ability, 
close application to business, and an extended knowl- 
edge of his art, the better build up a reputation, he 
found Indianapolis suited to his purpose, and located in 
that city in 1862. Depending here upon the generous 
appreciation of the best citizens for patronage, a highly 
lucrative business was soon established. How well he 
has succeeded is best attested by the public demand for 
his services in the operative department of his office. 
During the years 1874 and 1875 the demand upon his 
personal attention in this department became so great 
that he was compelled to abandon totally that portion 
of dentistry termed "plate work," and devote his entire 
time to the chair. It is an interesting fact that Doctor 
Wells has occupied the same office rooms continuously 
from the date of his advent into the city until the pres- 
ent time, a period of seventeen years. During the War 
of the Rebellion, while patriots were going forth from 
all sections of the country to battle for the Union, Doc- 
tor Wells voluntarily placed his name upon the enroll- 



[ yth Dist. 

ment, but he was never called into actual duty as a 
soldier. While not actually engaged in the service, the 
government had his warmest sympathy and most ear- 
nest support, and received from him material aid in many 
ways. Doctor Wells is a member of the American 
Dental Association, also of the Mississippi Valley Dental 
Association, as well as a most useful and honorable 
member of the Indiana State Dental Association, of 
which latter organization he has been both president 
and treasurer, which latter position he now holds. It is 
needless to say that the duties thus incumbent upon him 
were faithfully administered. The Doctor is a true 
Christian, exemplary and upright in all his walks, and 
has been for years a strict member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, having united with it in 1851. He 
was married February 9, 1S64, to Miss Morincie Rob- 
ertson, a kind, affectionate, and intelligent lady, and to 
her aid and encouragement much of the success which 
her husband has achieved is due. Six children have 
been the result of this union. Doctor Wells is a model 
husband and father and a useful citizen. In his career 
has been illustrated the truth that success is best and 
most surely achieved by arduous toil and an undeviating 

flllTE, JOHN H., teacher and farmer, Hancock 
County, was born in Preble County, Ohio, De- 
cember, 3, 1824. His parents were John and 
Mary White, who, at an early day, emigrated to 
Ohio from Virginia. His father became a soldier in 
the War of i8i2 at the age of eighteen years. Mr. 
White was educated in the common schools of his 
native county. He was obliged to depend mainly upon 
his own exertions, as he was left an orphan when 
twelve years old, with no other fortune than a clear in- 
tellect, a brave heart, and an energetic will. During 
the summer months he labored for the neighboring 
farmers, and by attending school in the winter acquired 
a fair English education, to which he has added greatly 
in later life. Having relations in Indiana, he came to 
this state in 1843, and settled in Shelby County. He 
then served an apprenticeship as tanner and currier with 
John Johnson, near Laurel, Franklin County. At the 
close of this apprenticeship he began teaching school, 
and has followed this calling, in connection with farm- 
ing, ever since. In 1853 he moved to Hancock County 
and purchased a farm in Center Township, where he 
now resides. In i860 he was elected trustee of Center 
Township; in 1864 he was chosen to represent Hancock 
County in the state Legislature, and was re-elected in 
1S66. He has filled numerous other positions of honor 
and trust, among which was that of president of the Han- 
cock Agricultural Society. He was formerly a Whig, 
hut joined the Democratic party in 1S54, and has since 

been a steadfast adherent to the principles of that 
party. He was one of the first members of the Patrons 
of Husbandry, with which society he is still connected. 
Since 1862 he has been an honored member of the 
Christian Church. He married, December 23, 1845, 
Miss Sarah- Potts, daughter of William Potts, senior, of 
Franklin County, Indiana. Mr. White is a solid and 
careful business man, full of energy, strictly honest in 
his dealings, and kind and courteous in his demeanor. 
By good management, thrift, and economy he has suc- 
ceeded in accumulating a handsome fortune. As a 
teacher, he has been very successful, having followed 
that profession for twenty-seven years in the same 
locality. He has also been an eminently successful 
farmer, manifesting both skill and taste in all depart- 
ments of agriculture. His wife, a refined and excellent 
lady, is still living, and has reared an interesting family 
of nine children, all of whom are useful members of 

TS^ born in Nicholas County, Kentucky, January 17, 

f\ 1816. His father, John Wishard, was a native 
of Pennsylvania, and a lineal descendant of the 
martyr George Wishard, who perished at the stake in 
the year 1546. His mother was a daughter of John 
Oliver, who removed westward from Virginia with the 
first body of emigrants that followed Daniel Boone to 
Kentucky. His paternal grandfather, who served as a 
soldier in the Revolutionary War, emigrated to Ken- 
tucky in 1793, where he died in 1813. When William 
was nine years of age his father removed to Indiana and 
located on the Bluff road, at a place nine miles south of 
the present city of Indianapolis. The country at that 
time was a howling wilderness, and the facilities for 
acquiring an education were meager in proportion to 
the surroundings. Having evinced early in life a taste 
for the medical profession, he began its study with 
Doctor Benjamin S. Noble, of Greenwood, Indiana. 
After graduating he formed a partnership with his pre- 
ceptor, which continued for ten years. At the begin- 
ning of the late war he took an active part in the en- 
listment of soldiers, and in February, 1862, he joined 
the army as a volunteer surgeon. While at Vicksburg 
he obtained information from a gentleman of high rank 
in the army, which was immediately furnished to Gov- 
ernor Morton, that called forth the famous order of 
President Lincoln to remove the sick and wounded to 
Northern hospitals, and he took charge of the first 
boat load for transportation up the Mississippi. He 
was in the siege of Vicksburg, and was one of the 
first to enter the city on its surrender. He afterward 
removed with the sanitary department in Virginia, and 
was at Wilmington, North Carolina, at the surrender of 

7th Dist.] 



Johnston's army, not severing his connection with the 
army until the restoration of peace. Burning with the 
patriotic fire that inflamed the defenders of the colonies 
in 1776, he rendered services without pay or hope of 
reward, and never took a cent from the government 
more than paid his actual expenses. He was a true 
friend of the soldiers and their families, and made no 
charge for medical services rendered them. In 1S64 he 
removed his family to Southport, where he has always 
commanded a large and lucrative practice. He was 
elected coroner of Marion County in 1876, and re-elected 
in 1878 by a largely increased majority. Mr. Wish- 
ard was a Whig for a number of years, but has affili- 
ated with the Republican party ever since its organiza- 
tion. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church, in 
which denomination he has been an elder for thirty-four 
years. He was married, December 17, 1840, to Harriet 
N. Moreland, youngest daughter of the Rev. John R. 
Moreland, a native of Pennsylvania, who was one 
among the first pastors of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Indianapolis. He died in October, 1832. To this 
union were born nine children, the four eldest of whom 
died in infancy. Of those remaining, one son, Doctor 
W. N. Wishard, was appointed superintendent of the In- 
dianapolis city hospital by the city council ; Albert, 
the second son, is a lawyer in Indianapolis, with the 
firm of Test & Coburn ; and George, the youngest, is a 
medical student. 


apolis, a native of Llorchcstcr County, Maryland, 
vj(^ was born June 21, 1S2S. He is the eldest son 
^-^' of Edward and Anna (Wheeler) Woollen, and 
received, until fourteen years of age, his training on a 
farm. During the summer months his employments 
were such as are common to farmer boys, and after the 
"harvest home" he attended school. To these early 
years, under the tutelage of parents whose high am- 
bition was to engraft upon the minds of their children 
such principles as would insure lives of honor and use- 
fulness, Mr. Woollen, like thousands of others, is 
largely indebted for that integrity of character and 
honorable ambition that pre-eminently distinguish him 
as a citizen in all the walks of life. The world is full 
of such examples, and the student of biography will 
have no difficulty in recalling instances in which farm 
life in youth left its indelible impress upon the most ex- 
alted characters known to history. In these early years, 
when the mind is taking its bent, when youthful am- 
bitions are .shaping themselves for manhood achieve- 
ments, no influences have ever been found more 
potential for good than those which the farm has 
afforded. The frugalities of the farmer's home, the 
chaste purity of its teachings, the broad fields, the 

forests, the orchard and the meadow, hill and dell, the 
songs of birds and the hum of bees, the laughing 
brook, the silent river — all the wealth of beauty that 
nature spreads out with a lavish hand — are teachers of 
youth whose lessons are never forgotten. It was 
amidst such scenes and surroundings that the early 
years of William Wesley Woollen were spent, and 
he is still a lover of nature and a student of its mys- 
teries. The monotony of farm life becoming irksome 
to young Woollen, at fourteen years of age he sought 
and obtained employment in a store, of which John 
Evitts was proprietor, in Denton, the capital of Caro- 
line County. In this employment young Woollen re- 
mained two years, and then entered the dry-goods 
house of Jacob Charles & Son, of Federalsburg, 
where he remained until Octobei, 1844. At this 
date, though but sixteen years of age, the manhood life 
of Mr. Woollen began. It took the form of adventure. 
It evidenced a large share of self-reliance, poise, confi- 
dence in one's own powers to overcome obstacles 
and achieve success. The "great West " had attractions 
which excited the ambition of the boy, who resolved to 
break away from home associations and try his fortunes 
in the new and inviting field. In such instances of 
courage there is abundant food for philosophical reflec- 
tion. For a youth of sixteen summers, without the 
patronage of friends, and with limited means, to take 
upon himself all the chances of failure or success in a 
strange land and among strangers, must be accepted as 
proof positive of the possession of those sturdy qualities 
of head and heart upon which communities and states 
rely for growth and renown. Leaving his native state, 
the youth made Cincinnati his first stopping place, but 
he remained in that metropolis but a few weeks. Re- 
suming his journey, he arrived at Madison, Indiana, in 
December, 1844, with but one dollar and seventy-five 
cents in his possession, and has ever since that date 
been a citizen of the state. In addition to his poverty, 
he was an utter stranger in a strange land, but he soon 
found employment as a school-teacher, and from that 
day to this has never known the necessity of idleness. 
The school-room kept alive and intensified the dt-sire for 
a more thorough education, and the young man in due 
time became a student in Hanover College. After leav- 
ing Hanover, he entered the recorder's ofiice of Jeffer- 
son County, where his time was equally divided between 
its duties and studying law. Every hour was em- 
ployed. The foundations of a life of activity and use- 
fulness were being laid deep and strong. This fidelity 
to business brought its certain and substantial rewards — 
friends, remunerative employment, and the esteem of all. 
Leaving the recorder's office, young Woollen found em- 
ployment in the office of John H. Taylor, Esq., clerk 
of the Circuit Court, but the duties of the new position 
did not necessitate the abandonment of his legal studies, 



{7th Bist. 

which were pursued during the evenings. Every pre- 
liminary step to success had now been taken, and a 
firm foot-hold had been secured. The one dollar and 
seventy-five cents had been prudently invested, and with 
hard work, fidelity, and integrity, the dividends were 
large and steadily increasing. Krom the clerk's office, 
where Mr. Woollen served two years, he found employ- 
ment in the auditor's office, and soon after, by virtue of 
the resignation of the auditor, John M. Bramwell, Esq., 
Mr. Woollen was appointed to fill the place. The follow- 
ing year Mr. Woollen was nominated by the Whig party 
for treasurer of Jefferson County, one of the most re- 
sponsible offices in the gift of the people, and was tri- 
umphantly elected. During his term of office as treasurer, 
Mr. Woollen purchased a half-interest in the Madison 
Banner, the leading Whig organ in the state, and took 
charge of it as editor. After occupying this position 
for two years he sold his interest, and retired from the 
bustle of official and editorial life to the quiet of a 
farm. No official career was ever more honorable, 
none freer from the taint of suspicion ; and no man ever 
took into retirement a larger share of the esteem of the 
people. As a writer, Mr. Woollen is polished and 
trenchant; thoroughly informed in the political history 
of parties, he brings to his aid a mind thoroughly dis- 
ciplined, a memory of men and measures seldom at 
fault; and, though ordinarily genial in the use of his 
pen, he is at no loss when the subject requires those 
keener thrusts which tell upon the vitality of an antag- 
onist. Had journalism been the chosen field for Mr. 
Woollen's labors, there are few men in the county who 
would have acquired a larger or more influential celeb- 
rity. Mr. Woollen did not remain long on his farm. 
The busy associations of other years had attractions 
which he could not shake off, and in 1856 he became 
the candidate of the Democratic party for clerk of Jef- 
ferson County, and, though defeated, he ran largely 
ahead of his ticket, an evidence that his old-time pop- 
ularity was maintained, notwithstanding the fact that, 
in 1854, on the dissolution of the old Whig party, he 
cast in his lot with the Democracy of the state. In 
1857 Mr. Woollen opened a banking house in Madison 
with Captain John Marsh, under the firm name of John 
Marsh & Co., and since that date he has been identified 
with the financial enterprises of the state. In i860 Mr. 
Woollen removed to Franklin and entered the banking 
house of Willis S. Webb & Co., as manager. In 1862 
the house was merged into the First National Bank of 
Franklin, and Mr. Woollen was made cashier. In 1S65 
he removed from Franklin to Indianapolis, and with 
several other gentlemen founded the Indiana Banking 
Company, of which bank he was made cashier. In 
March, 1870, Mr. Woollen withdrew from the Indiana 
Banking Company, and with Mr. Willis S. Webb estab- 
lished the present banking house of Woollen, Webb & 

Co. In 1873 Mr. Woollen was elected president of the 
Indianapolis Board of Trade, and in the summer of 
1874 delivered an address on the occasion of laying the 
corner-stone of the present Board of Trade building. 
On the establishment of the Masonic Mutual Benefit 
Society, in 1869, he was elected vice-president of the 
society, and the year following was elected president, 
and re-elected president for eight consecutive years, 
and now holds the position of director. On the re- 
organization of the Franklin Insurance Company, in 
1871, and its removal to Indianapolis, Mr. Woollen was 
elected its vice-president, and was annually re-elected 
until 1876, when he was made secretary, which office he 
now holds. Mr. Woollen is a Royal Arch Mason, and a 
member of the Presbyterian Church. He was married, 
in 1848, to Miss Sarah E. Young, of Hanover, daughter 
of Thomas D. Young, Esq. She still lives to bless and 
beautify his home. There have been born to them six 
children, two boys and four daughters. The first-born 
son died in infancy. The other children are living. 
William Wesley Woollen may be properly regarded as 
a fair type of a class of citizens who unobtrusively carry 
forward all of those grand enterprises which in the ag- 
gregate mark the progress of society. In such lives 
there are no startling incidents, no eccentricities of 
character. Such men in their walk and conversation, 
in their ambitions and aspirations, seek the table-lands 
of life, where, if there are no dizzy elevations of thought 
and fancy, there are, as a compensation, no depressions 
of infidelity and deceit. They live in an atmosphere 
free from the malaria which breeds intellectual distem- 
pers, and, pursuing the even tenor of their ways, are to 
society what the fixed stars are to navigators. To such 
men as William Wesley Woollen society is largely in- 
debted, not only for material progress, but for those 
ideas of order and security which form its chief guaran- 
tees of prosperity and progress. Taking an active part 
in politics, they are recognized as leaders in shaping 
policies ; and, deeply interested in the success of the gov- 
ernment, municipal, state, and federal, they seek, from 
the most patriotic motives, the enactment of laws which 
will advance the general welfare. Mr. Woollen is a 
Democrat, not more in a partisan sense than in that 
higher and broader view of Democracy which embodies 
faith in man's capacity for self-government, and in sym- 
pathy with Burns, whose poetical philosophy touched 
the marrow of the subject when he sang, in words that 
will live while time lasts: 

" What lliough on homely fare we dine. 
Wear hodden gray, and a' that; 
Gi'e fools their silks and knaves their wines— 
A man's a man for a' that I 
' For a' that, and a' that. 

Their tinsel sliow, and a' that, 
The honest man, thongh e'er poor. 
Is king o' men for .a' that I" 

7th Dist.] 





OOLLEN, THOMAS W., Attorney-general of In- 
diana, was born in Dorchester County, Maryland, 
^^ April 26, 1830. He is the second son of Edward 
\s^ and Anna Woollen, whose name before marriage 
was Wheeler, and spent the early part of his life in 
working on his father's farm. The Woollen family 
sprang from John Woollen, an Indian interpreter, who 
lived on the Delaware River in the first half of the sev- 
enteenth century. In 1642 Captain Lamberton came to 
Delaware with a company of colonists from New Ha- 
ven, Connecticut, and located there. He employed 
Woollen as an interpreter, and the latter remained with 
him until the English colony was destroyed by the 
Swedes. How long Woollen had been there when 
Lamberton came to Delaware is unknown, but it must 
have been several years, for he was evidently well ac- 
quainted with the language of the aborigines who in- 
habited the peninsula between the Delaware and Chesa- 
peake Bays. Vincent, the historian of Delaware, thus 
speaks of John Woollen, the progenitor of the Woollen 
family, a man who transmitted his integrity to his de- 

"Either shortly afterwards or previous to building 
this fort, Printz succeeded in expelling the English, 
who were settled on Varkenkill, under Lamljerton. He 
attacked them, burned down their trading-house, and 
by surreptitious means succeeded in making Lamberton 
a prisoner. Lamberton was in his pinnace, named the 
'Cock,' at anchor about three miles above Fort Elfs- 
berg, when a letter was brought by two Swedes from 
Printz ('Tim, the barber, and Godfrey, the merchant's 
man '), stating that the Indians had that day stolen a 
gold chain from his wife, and that those Indians were 
about trading with Lamberton, and that he desired his 
good offices to get it back. He also desired Lamber- 
ton to stay on board until the next morning, affirming 
that 'he would know the Indian that stole it by a 
mark that he had on his face.' No Indians, however, 
came on board. Lamberton, afterwards calling at the 
Swedish fort, where, it is supposed, he went in obedi- 
ence to a request from a second letter from Printz, was 
arrested, in company with John Woollen, his Indian 
interpreter, and John Thickpenny, and placed in prison. 
Woollen was put in irons, Printz himself fastening them 
on his legs. It is asserted that Printz's wife and Tim- 
othy, the barber (surgeon), endeavored to get Woollen 
intoxicated by giving him a quantity of wine and beer 
to drink, and that, immediately after drinking the liquors, 
he was conveyed to Printz, who, 'with professions of a 
great deal of love to him, making him many large prom- 
ises to do him good,' endeavored to get him to say 
'that George Lamberton had hired the Indians to cut 
off the Swedes.' Woollen denied tliat Lamberton had 
any such intention. The Governor then 'drunk to him 
again,' and saicl he would make him a man, give him a 
plantation, and build him a house, and that he should 
not want for gold and silver, provided he made the ac- 
cusation against Lamberton. But, Woollen still refusing 
to accuse Lamberton, the Governor was much enraged, 
and stamped with his feet, and, calling for irons, 'he 
put them upon Woollen with his own hands, and sent 
him down to prison.'" (Vincent's "History of Dela- 
ware," pp. 184, 185, and iSO ) 

It will thus be seen that John Woollen, from whose 
loins sprang the Woollen family, resisted the two great- 
est temptations of mankind ; namely, wine and money. 
It can truthfully be said of his descendants that no one 
of them ever proved false to a friend or sacrificed his 
manhood for money. These traits of old John Woollen 
have come down to the present generation of those who 
bear his name, and in none of them are they more 
marked than in the present Attorney-general of the 
state. The children of Edward and Anna Woollen are 
William Wesley, the head of the banking house of 
Woollen, Webb & Co., Indianapolis; Thomas Wheeler, 
the Attorney-general of Indiana; Levin James, Senator 
from the counties of Ripley, Ohio, and Switzerland, 
and an eminent doctor of medicine; Edward Newton, 
late auditor of Johnson County; Francis Pinkney, cash- 
ier of the Meridian National Bank, of Indianapolis; 
and a married daughter. The subject of this sketch 
removed with his father's family to Baltimore in 1S45, 
and in 1S4S emigrated to Indiana and located at Mad- 
ison. His brother, William Wesley, had come to 
Indiana four years previously, and had served as deputy 
recorder and deputy clerk of Jefferson County. Being 
called to .take charge of the auditor's office, he arranged 
with John H. Taylor, the clerk, for his brother Thomas 
to take his place in the clerk's office. This was done, 
and Thomas continued in the clerk's office until the 
spring of 1S52, when he became the deputy of his 
brother, William Wesley, who was treasurer of the 
county. In the fall of that year Colonel John Cham- 
bers was elected county treasurer, who continued 
Thomas in his ofiSce as deputy treasurer. For two 
years, or during Colonel Chambers's whole official term, 
he had entire charge of the treasurer's office. In the 
fall of 1854 he was the Democratic candidate for county 
treasurer, but was defeated by James H. Smith, the 
Know-Nothing candidate. In 1856 Mr. Woollen left 
Madison and entered the clerk's office of Jennings 
County, at Vernon. Previous to this time he had stud- 
ied law, and after remaining a short time at Vernon he 
removed to Franklin, and, in connection with Hon. J. 
D. New, now in Congress from the Fouith District, 
opened a law ofifice in that city. In 1S62 he was elected 
to the Legislature from Johnson County, and was ap- 
pointed chairman of the Committee on Benevolent 
Institutions by the late Samuel H. Buskirk, who was 
then speaker of the House. He at once became a lead- 
ing member of the House, and did as much, probably, 
as any member to shape the legislation of that session. 
In 1866 he was the Democratic candidate for judge of 
his judicial circuit, but was defeated at the polls by the 
Hon. Cyrus C. Hines, of Indianapolis. In 1S68 he was 
nominated and elected Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas of his district. He held the ofiice about two years 
and resigned it to lake charge of the First National 


Bank of Franklin. He remained in this position until 
the fall of 1S70, when he resigned his place and re- 
sumed the practice of the law. In 1872 he was again 
elected to the Legislature from liis county, and served 
as second on the Judiciary Committee, the Republicans 
having a majority of the House. During this session he 
was the acknowledged Democratic leader of the House, 
and was the author of the protest made by the Democratic 
members against the passage of the apportionment bill 
of that year. In 1S78 he was nominated by the Demo- 
cratic state convention for Attorney-general, and was 
elected by a majority of fourteen thousand four hundred 
and sixty-one over his opponent. Judge Baldwin, of 
Loganspurt. Judge Woollen was married, in August, 
1850, at Erovvnstown, Indiana, to Harriet J. Williams, 
daughter of the late Judge Williams, of Jackson 
County. By her he has five children living, three sons 
and two daughters. His wife died in April, 1869, and 
in IVIarch, 1872, he married Mrs. Kate Pulasky, nee 
Byfield, widow of John Pulasky. By her he has two 
children, both daughters. Judge Woollen is a man of 
commanding presence. He is full six feet high, and 
weighs about two hundred and twenty-five pounds. 
The character of his mind is analytical and judicial. 
He is not a brilliant speaker, and does not deal in 
tropes and imagery, but he has a ready command of 
language, and in his public addresses uses the simplest 
words that will convey his meaning. He is a logical 
speaker, and is stronger before a court than a jury, but 
his efforts before the latter are vigorous and convincing. 
Judge Woollen has been a Democrat from his youth, 
and comes from a Democratic family. His father cast 
his first vote for Andrew Jackson for President, and all 
his brothers are active Democrats. His brother William 
Wesley was a member of the executive committee of 
the Democratic state central committee that managed 
the brilliant campaign of 1876, and lias been the treas- 
urer of the Democratic state central committee for the 
last four years. His brother I.evin James was the 
Democratic candidatq for Congress in 1876 in the 
Fourth District, and last fall was elected to the state 
Senate from his district, and his brother Edward New- 
ton was elected auditor of Johnson County by the 
Democracy of that county a few years ago. At the 
Democratic state convention of 1874, four out of five 
of the brothers Woollen were delegates. We doubt if 
there be a parallel to this in the political history of the 
state. Their having been selected by their party asso- 
ciates to represent them in this convention, proves them 
to be representative men, and men who are willing to 
take upon themselves their party's burdens. Judge 
Woollen is in the prime of life, and should he live to 
the allotted age of man he will, no doubt, be often 
heard from in the politics and judicature of the 


'OOLLEN, LEVIN J., M. D., of Vevay, state Sen- 
ator from the counties of Ripley, Ohio, and Switz- 

P,fo erland, was born in Dorchester County, Maryland, 
U^ June 30, 1834. His parents were Edward and 
Anna (Wheeler) Woollen, and the family were among 
the oldest in the state of Maryland, being identified 
with its first settlement. His father was a farmer, and 
died in Indiana in 1870. His mother is still living, at 
Indianapolis, with the family of his brother, W. W. 
Woollen, of Woollen, Webb & Co., bankers. Hon. T. 
\V. Woollen, the present Attorney-general of Indiana, 
is also a brother of the subject of this sketch. Doctor 
Woollen had but few educational advantages in early 
youth. Previous to his eleventh year he attended pri- 
vate schools in Maryland ; after that he was compelled 
to rely vipon his own resources — studying much at night. 
In 1845 his father removed with his family to Baltimore, 
where Levin Woollen obtained a situation with Edward 
Wright, the pioneer in the business of canning fruits 
and oysters. His labors at this period were the hardest 
of his life, being compelled to be at the establishment 
from early morning until ten and eleven o'clock at night. 
After three years spent in this manner, he was engaged 
on the Chesapeake Bay as clerk and hand on a small 
fruit and oyster schooner. In 1849 the family moved to 
Madison, Indiana, where he was employed as deputy 
county treasurer; his brother, W. W. Woollen, then 
being treasurer of Jefferson County. He was afterward 
connected with the Madison daily Banner for a short 
time, and then entered the law office of W. M. Dunn, 
now Judge-advocate-general of the United States, as a 
student. Finding the law not suited to his tastes, after 
a few months he began the study of medicine with the 
late Doctor William Davidson, a giaduate of the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh, Scotland, and one of the most 
talented physicians that the West has ever known. In 
1857 he graduated in the Medical Department of the 
University of Louisville, then in the zenith of its pros- 
perity. He spent the next year in the office of Doctor 
Joseph H. D. Rogers, of Madison, after which he set- 
tled in Jefferson County, where he resided some seven 
years. He then removed to Moorefield, in Switzerland 
County, remaining there till the summer of 1873, when 
he went to Vevay, the county seat. He has been con- 
tinuously in the practice of medicine since his gradua- 
tion in 1S57. He was candidate for political honors, 
first as Democratic nominee for Congress, in the Fourth 
District, in 1876, when he was defeated by Lieutenant- 
governor Sexton by a small majority, although he led 
the ticket in his district. In 1878 he was elected to the 
Senate from the counties of Ripley, Ohio, and Switzer- 
land, defeating Philip J. Seelinger, of Ripley County. 
He has been a Democrat from his youth, and comes 
from a Democratic family, his father having cast his 
first vole for General Jackson. He was one of the most 

yth Disl.'\ 



active members of the Senate, evincing a deep interest 
in all matters affecting the public welfare. Profession- 
ally, Doctor Woollen has a fine reputation, and is con- 
sidered one of the most successful practitioners in Switz- 
erland and adjoining counties. Doctor A. G. Craig is 
associated with him, and the partners enjoy a large and 
lucrative practice. He is a member of the Switzerland 
County Medical Society, and the Indiana State Med- 
ical Society, and is a contributor to the Louisville 
Praclitiewr and to the Weslem Journal of Medicine. 
He is prominently identified with the order of Free- 
masons, to which he has belonged about ten years; 
has passed the master's chair, and been Grand Lodge 
representative. He is an active member of the Meth- 
odist Church and holds the position of trustee. Doctor 
Woollen married, in March, 1S58, Miss Mary Van Pelt, 
a niece of Mrs. Amelia B. Welby, the poetess. Her 
name sufficiently denotes her Knickerbocker origin. 
They have three children, a daughter and two sons. 
Doctor Woollen is a man of fine physique, a ready and 
fluent speaker, frank and open in manner, and very pop- 
ular among his acquaintances, one who has many friends 
and no enemies. He is in the prime of life, and doubt- 
less is destined to play still more important parts on the 
stage of public and professional life. 

^ILLIAMS, JAMES L., M. D., was born January 
S41, in Norwich, New London County, 
Connecticut. His father, William J., was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, married Miss Anna 
Fletcher, of Salem, on the 12th of October, 1837, and 
immediately moved to Norwich and commenced the prac- 
tice of his profession, law. It was his intention that his 
son, James L., should follow in his footsteps, but, after 
graduating at Harvard University in 1863, he came to 
the conclusion that the law was too dry a profession for 
him, and that he was better qualified for a physician than 
lawyer. In furtherance of this object he began the study 
of medicine under Doctor A. G. Parkhurst, with whom 
he remained two years. During this time he took two 
courses of lectures in the Medical Department of Har- 
vard University. After graduating here with high 
honors he crossed the waters, and for six months at- 
tended lectures and hospital practice in Paris ; and, 
after an extended trip to all the leading points of inter- 
est in Europe, he returned to this country in the fall of 

1866, and began the practice of his profession in his native 
city, where he remained for eight years. September 23, 

1867, he married Miss Elizabeth Foster, the daughter 
of Charles Foster, a retired merchant of the city, by 
whom he has had three children, two of whom are 
living. After the death of his first-born, the Doctor 
became ilisheartened and determined to lenve the city. 

and, giving up his practice, he with his family started 
on an extensive tour of the United States, visiting Cal- 
ifornia and the South. Among all the places visited, 
the Doctor and his wife made up their minds that this, 
the largest and most rapidly growing inland city of the 
West, was the place for them, and here they pitched 
their tent in the spring of 1877. Here, among new 
scenes and new ]ieople. Doctor Williams is building up 
a splendid practice. A highly educated man, kind and 
affable to all he meets, dispensing hospitality with an 
open hand in his beautiful home, and entering warmly 
into all the charities of the city, it is no wonder he has 
made himself liked by all he meets. 

RIGHT, JOSEPH A., was born at Washington, 
Pennsylvania, April 17, 1809. In 1819 his fam- 
ily removed to Bloomington, Indiana, where he 
^^ and his two brothers assisted their father at work 
in the brick-yard and in the brick business generally. In 
1823 his father died, and he, then fourteen years of age, 
having but little if any aid from others, was left to de- 
pend entirely upon his own resources. He attended 
school or college about two years. While at the col- 
lege he was janitor, rang the bell, and took care of the 
building; and it is said that the little pocket-money he 
had was made by gathering walnuts and hickory-nuts 
in the fall, and selling them in the winter to the stu- 
dents who had larger exchequers. By this work he was 
soon known as the "walnut huller." He studied law 
with Craven P. Hester, of Bloomington, who is still 
living, and is a judge in the state of California. In 
1829, as soon as Mr. Wright had acquired a sufficient 
knowledge of law, he moved to Rockville, Parke County, 
Indiana, and commenced the practice of his profession, 
meeting with fair success from the start. He devoted 
his entire time to the practice of law, and exhibited 
the great energy and determination which were so prom- 
inent in his character. He was married, in November, 
1831, to Louisa Cook, a daughter of William Cook, a 
farmer of Parke County. This marriage was one of the 
most fortunate events of his life, as his wife was just 
what he needed to bring forth and develop the sterling 
qualities of the young man. She was a zealous Christian, 
and at an early period turned his mind toward the 
Church. In 1837 he connected himself with the Meth- 
odist Church, and then began his labor in the Sunday- 
school interest, which was dear to him all his life. He 
was elected from Parke County to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in 1834, and to the state Senate in 1839. 
He was also elected district attorney for his (the Sev- 
enth) district, for two terms, in 1836 or 1837. He was 
associated in the practice of law with Hon. Tilghman 
A. Howard from about 1840 to 1844, when President 



[ 7M Disl. 

Polk appointed General Howard United States commis- 
sioner to Texas. In 1843 Mr. Wright was elected to 
Congress from the Seventh District over Edward W. 
McGaughey, by three majority, and served until Polk 
was inaugurated, March 4, 1S45. In 1849 he was elected 
Governor of Indiana under the old Constitution, and in 
1852 he was re-elected by over twenty thousand major- 
ity, and served until 1S57. In the summer of 1S57 he 
was appointed Minister to Prussia by James Buchanan, 
and served until 1S61. During this he made the ac- 
quaintance of Baron Alexander von Humboldt, and 
between the two there sprung up a warm friendship, 
which continued as long as they lived. During his res- 
idence abroad he made a number of reports on Prussian 
agriculture, which were of great interest to American 
farmers. His course in i860 and during the Rebellion, 
in favor of the maintenance of the Union, was a very 
positive one, and he never had any sympathy for the 
rebels. On September 7> 1861, the citizens of Indian- 
apolis gave him a reception on his return home from 
Prussia, and General Ebenezer Dumont was chosen to 
deliver the reception speech, from which, as published 
in the daily _/<'»;v;«/ and Sentiiid of April 9, 1S61, are 
quoted the following : 

" As often as it has been the pleasure of the people 
of the state, during your long life of public service, to 
express their approbation of your course, never did they 
do it more heartily than upon reading your letter writ- 
ten in Prussia as to the duty of the government in deal- 
ing with traitors and crushing out rebellion. 'Whoever 
raises his hand against the Union, strike him down ; he 
is a traitor and a rebel, wherever he lives,' is a senti- 
ment expressed by you, honored sir, long before John 
A. Dix said, ' Whoever attempts to tear down that flag, 
shoot him on the spot.' To the head and the heart of 
those who uttered them, the sentiments are alike honor- 

After his return home, in 1861, he traveled over most 
of the Western States, making speeches in favor of the 
Union cause, and urging the people to volunteer for the 
support of the government. In March, 1862, Governor 
Morton appointed him United States Senator, to fill a 
vacancy made by the expulsion of the late Jesse D. 
Bright I'rom that body. He served until the expiration 
of the term, January 22, 1863. In 1863 he was ap- 
pdiiited by President Lincoln as the United States com- 
missioner to the Hamburg Fair. At a dinner party 
given about that time by President Lincoln, Governor 
Wright among the invited guests, some remark was 
made by the President about the great service Governor 
Wright had done the Union cause during the past two 
years. A friend, sitting by the President's side, re- 
marked: "But, Mr. President, he was the first minister 
you recalled after you were inaugurated." Said Mr. 
Lincoln at once, in his prompt way, "I wanted the 
liest men at home." In this connection it might be 
ailded that Governor Wright, at an early period in his 

life, look an active interest in the county fairs held in 
Parke and other counties of the state, was among the 
first movers in favor of state fairs, and was their first 
president. In 1865 Mr. Johnson appointed him Min- 
ist?r to Prussia. This was his second time to the same 
court, and he served until his death, which occurred 
May II, 1867. 

— »-»»-< — 

tILSON, ISAAC H., a pioneer of Shelbyville, 
was born in Jefferson County, Indiana, May 20, 
"tAf^ 1807, and is the third son in a family of eleven 
"^ children. His father, James Wilson, was the 
first settler of Shelby County. He threaded his way 
through the woods to a point on Blue River, where he 
built a cabin, into which his family moved in January, 
1819. He at once began the hard task of clearing the 
land, and, when planting-time came, had prepared six 
acres, upon which he raised a crop of corn. His little 
home was in the depths of the forest, his nearest neigh- 
bor on the east being eighteen miles distant, nnd the 
nearest settlement on the west thirty miles. Soon other 
immigrants arrived ; and, to their joy, the government 
surveying party made its headquarters there. Indians 
were numerous, but not hostile, and Mr. Wilson opened 
a thriving trade with them. In 1820 the New Purchase, 
as that region was then called, was ceded to the United 
States government ; and when the lands were surveyed 
he returned from the land sales with a surveyor, and, 
in partnership with Mr. John Sleeth, laid out the first 
town in Shelby County. This town he named Marion, 
in honor of General Francis Marion, of Revolutionary 
fame. Mr. Wilson did not live to reap the reward of 
his enterprise, but died in February, 1824. He earned 
the gratitude of his country, both as pioneer and soldier, 
having fought in its defense in the War of 1S12. His 
wife, Nancy McCarty, survived him over fifty years, dying 
in Adams County, Illinois, December 14, 1874, at the 
age of ninety. Her ancestors were born in Ireland, her 
husband's in Scotland ; hence their son, Isaac Wilson, 
is of Scotch-Irish descent. He was eleven years of age 
when the family settled on Blue River. In Franklin 
County, where they lived for ten years, he attended one 
of the primitive schools of that time. As no school 
was established in Shelby County until three years after 
its settlement, he received nearly all his early instruc- 
tion from his father. At the age of twenty he attended 
school for about six months, to gain a knowledge of 
arithmetic and writing. He worked at clearing the 
farm until 1825, when, at the age of eighteen, he began 
learning the trade of cabinet-making. This he contin- 
ued until 1830, when, failing to find further employ- 
ment, he commenced the carpenter and joiner business. 
He finally settled in Shelbyville in 1836, building in 
that year the house which lias been his home for forty- 

Jth Dist.l 



two years. Success attended him in his new occupa- 
tion, and he continued it until 185;;. By cordiality of 
manner and just dealing he gained the good will of the 
people. They discovered in hira a fitness for official 
duties, and in 1855 elected him county treasurer, in 
which office he served one term. From 1862 to 1872 he 
was township trustee and assessor. Mr. Wilson has heart- 
ily enlisted in various public enterprises. He contributed 
toward the construction of the first through 
Shelby County; was a director and for a time treasurer 
of the first turnpike company, and has given means to- 
ward building other tarupikes in the county. In Feb- 
ruary, 1S51, he joined the Order of Free and Accepted 
Masons, and in the same month of the succeeding year 
was made a Master Mason. He subsequently held the 
position of Master of the lodge, and in July, 1S56, be- 
came a Royal Arch Mason, and was elected High-|iriest. 
In May, 1857, he was advanced to a Royal and Select 
Master, and in January, i868, became a Knight Tem- 
plar in Baldwin Commandery, No. 2, of Shelbyville. 
"Old Hickory," as General Jackson was familiarly called, 
was the first presidential candidate for whom Mr. Wil- 
son voted ; and he has always remained in connection 
with the Deniocialic parly. He married, September 
26, 1836, Miss Rebecca Ann Montgomery, daughter of 
William Montgomery, an early settler of Shelby County. 
She died February 10, 1S60. Of their six children, 
five are living. He and his family are all members of 
the Presbyterian Church, to which Mrs. Wilson also 
belonged. Mr. Wilson was born in Indiana while it 
was yet a territory. He has seen the forest give place 
to farms and cities, as the state gradually emerged from 
the wilderness. In this mighty work he has performed 
well the part assigned him. He has cleared land, erected 
buildings, given money and influence toward the con- 
struction of roads and other public improvements, dis- 
charged the duties of responsible offices, and, above all, 
has ever acted justly, thus earning the reputation of a 
perfectly honest and high-minded man. 

\ the Supreme Court, was born in New Albany, In- 
diana, January 19, 1820. When he was quite 
young his father's family removed to Monroe 
County, and he received his education at the State Uni- 
versity at Bloomington. He afterward studied law with 
Paris C. Dunning, and graduated in 1841 in the law 
department of the state university, then under the 
presidency of the late Judge David McDonald. In 1843 
he was a candidate for prosecuting attorney of Monroe 
County, but was defeated by Judge Hester. He then 
devoted himself to the practice of law, at the same time 
taking an active interests in politics. He very early ac- 

quired the reputation of being one of the best stump 
speakers in the Democratic party. In 1845 '^^ ^^ mar- 
ried to Miss Sarah Walters, who still survives him. He 
began his public career in 1S48, and has been prominent 
in state and national politics ever since. He was elected 
a member of the Legislatures of 1848, 1849, 1850, 
1851, 1852, and 1854. In 1856 he was a candidate for 
elector on the Democratic ticket, and made a most vig- 
orous and effective campaign of the state for Buchanan. 
He was again a member of the Legislature in the years 
1862 and 1S63, and was elected speaker of the House, 
and again elected a member of the Legislature in 1864 
and 1865. He suffered his first defeat in 1S66, when he 
was beaten for the Legislature by Judge James Hughes. 
During all these years he was assiduously engaged in 
the practice of law, when not actually engaged in 
official duties. In 1S70 he was elected to the Supreme 
Court, and served the full term of six years. While on 
the bench he wrote and published " Buskirk's Practice," 
which is now a stnnd.nrd work on practice in the Su- 
preme Court. After his retirement from the Supreme 
Court he removed to Indianapolis, and engaged in the 
practice of law with Mr. J. W. Nichol, with whom he associated at the time of his death. He leaves 
surviving him his wife and six children. He was a 
brother of Judge Edw-ard C. Buskirk, of Indianapolis, 
and also a brother of the late Judge George A. Bus- 
kirk, of Bloomington, Indiana. Judge Buskirk was a 
man of wonderful energy and intense application. 
Probably no lawyer at the bar ever came in court 
with his cases so completely in hand as did Judge Bus- 
kirk. No labor of preparation seemed too great for 
him. His creed was that success depended upon work, 
and he faithfully followed his belief. Indeed, his death 
was undoubtedly the result of a continuous overstrain 
of his physical powers. The machine was worn out by 
too much friction. Judge Buskirk ranked high as a 
lawyer. Before a jury he was especially formidable. 
His careful preparation placed him beyond surprise, 
while at the same time it placed him in a position to 
defeat his adversary. He was a fine public speaker, and 
was regarded one of the strongest men in the Demo- 
cratic party on the stump. Socially, he was a genial, 
courteous gentleman, exceedingly popular and beloved 
by all. Judge Buskirk died very suddenly, on the 3d of 
April, 1879. 

OBURN, JOHN, the son of Henry P. and Sarah 
Coburn, was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, on the 
27th of October, 1825. His father was a native of 
Dracut, Massachusetts, and his mother, Sarah Mal- 
lott, was born in Jefi"erson County, Kentucky. John Co- 
burn has alw.ays resided in his native place. The most of 
his education was obtained in the schools of Indianapolis, 



\yth Disl. 

and in the county seminary of Marion County, of In- 
dianapolis, where he distinguished himself as a thorough 
and accurate scholar. He entered the junior class of 
Wabash College in 1844, and graduated with high honor 
in 1846. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar 
of the Supreme Court in 1849. He served as a Repre- 
sentative in the Legislature of 1S51, taking a prominent 
and active part. He practiced law in Marion and the 
adjoining counties until elected Judge, in 1859, of the 
Court of Common Pleas. In 1852 he was on the Whig 
electoral ticket for his district, General Scott being the 
candidate for President. In the spring of this year he 
was married to Miss Caroline Test, daughter of Hon. 
Charles H. Test, a most worthy lady and congenial com- 
panion, the life of a social throng at Washington during 
her husband's sojourn there. In September, 1S61, he 
resigned as judge and volunteered in the 33d Regiment 
of Indiana, being appointed colonel. In a few days the 
regiment was sent to Camp Dick Robinson, in Ken- 
tucky. Very soon it was ordered to Wildcat, and on 
the 2ist of October, 1S61, took part in the battle at 
that place with the forces of ZoUicoffer, bearing the 
brunt of the action. This was the first conflict upon 
Kentucky soil, and the first fight of the Army of the 
Cumberland. The enemy made the attack, was re- 
pulsed, and retreated. He remained with his regiment 
until the next spring, and was then put in command of 
a brigade in the campaigns in South-eastern Kentucky 
and East Tennessee, in the spring aiid summer of 1862. 
In the winter of 1862-63 his command was ordered to 
Middle Tennessee. Here he was actively engaged at 
the front, but was, with a part of his command, cap- 
tured on the 5th of March, 1S63, in a desperate fight 
with overwhelming numbers under Van Dorn, at Thomp- 
son's Station. He remained a captive two months, and 
was, on the 5th of May, exchanged, and returned to 
duty with his old command, continuing till the end of 
his military service actively engaged in camps, marches, 
battles, and sieges with his men. It so happened that 
the city of Atlanta was surrendered to him in Septem- 
ber, 1864, he being in command of a reconnoissance in 
force on that day. He was breveted as a brigadier for 
gallant and meritorious services. He never sought pro- 
motion, but only attempted to do his whole duty 
promptly and efficiently. , Returning home, lie resumed 
the practice of law, but was surprised by his appoint- 
ment and confirmation as secretary of Montana, in the 
spring of 1865, a place he at once declined. In the fall 
of 1865 he was elected Circuit Judge of the Central Dis- 
trict, without opposition, and served acceptably until 
nominated for Representative in Congress in the summer 
of 1866, when lie immediately resigned, taking the 
stump as a candidate. He was elected to that position 
four times in succession, serving until the 5th of March, 
1S75. He was, while a niciiibci, arlive and efficient in 

the committee roomr and upon the floor, taking part in 
many debates. He served upon the Committees on 
Public Expenditures, on Banking and Currency, on the 
Ku-klux Investigations, on the Alabama Investigations, 
and on Military Affairs. Services upon these commit- 
tees involved a large amount of labor and research, and 
the results are well known. Upon questions of recon- 
struction his views were pronounced, and were adverse 
to a temporizing policy. His course upon the relief 
bills for individual rebels, the impeachment of Presi- 
dent Johnson, upon the Georgia question, the Ku-klux 
law, the acts to enforce the constitutional amend- 
ments, the question of suffrage and elections, and 
minor questions of reconstruction, indicated his convic- 
tions of the pressing necessity of the exercise of its 
amplest powers by the general government. He re- 
ported the bill to protect electors, commonly called the 
Force bill, in the winter of 1875, ^ salutary measure, 
but which, by filibustering, the Democrats defeated. 
The bill passed the House, but too late to be taken up 
in the Senate. Had this bill become a law honest elec- 
tions would have been secured by national power. His 
speech made in February, 1875, in advocacy of this 
bill, is a fair specimen of his ability to discuss such 
questions. His utterances upon financial questions ex- 
hibited great force, knowledge, and research. His 
speech in opposition to the first bill passed to relieve 
rebels, in 186S, stands alone and above all others in op- 
position to it. Mr. Coburn's service of four years on 
the Committee on Banking and Currency gave him an 
opportunity to mature his views on these subjects. He 
opposed contraction, favored funding the debt, de- 
nounced and exposed the various nostrums providing 
for a return to specie payments, demonstrated that 
they must be brought about by natural causes, and by 
a revival of trade and business, rather than by mere 
legislation, and deprecated in the strongest terms the 
idle and dangerous efforts to do that by legislation 
which could only be accomplished and regulated by the 
great laws of trade. Time has justified his position. 
He opposed land grants to railroads; favored a protec- 
ive tariff; opposed subsidies to foreign steamship lines; 
and favored free shipping as the true means of reviving 
commerce and of fostering our carrying trade. His 
speeches upon these and kindred subjects are elaborate 
and powerful discussions. He served four years as 
chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs, and his 
work is significant on army legislation during that time. 
The present system of paying the army was reported by 
him, and carried through without amendment ; the 
establishment of the great military prison at Fort 
Leavenworth is founded upon the bill which he re- 
ported, without any alteration. This makes the prisoners 
a productive element in the army, instead of an ex- 
pense, in the state-prisons, of many thousands annually ; 

/il? ^zc^^ ^^ 


fth Dist.] 



secures them from the barbarities of inferior military 
officers at posts and state-prisons, and enforces humane 
treatment. His report upon army staff organization is 
a remarkable document, and attracted the greatest at- 
tention in all army circles. He advocated a system of 
details for the staff from the line, making it a school 
for the officers, and giving an opportunity for the selec- 
tion of the best material both for the staff and line, and 
enabling each to obtain a varied and thorough expe- 
rience. He reported and carried through the measure 
which provided for headstones in the Union National 
Cemeteries. He resisted strenuously and successfully 
many schemes of extravagance connected with the ad- 
ministration of military affairs. His term in Congress 
expired in March, 1875. In 1874 he was defeated at 
the election when the hostility engendered by the tem- 
perance crusade and the Baxter law swept the Republi- 
can party down throughout the entire state. Since then 
he has practiced law in Indianapolis, except while en- 
gaged upon the Hot Springs Commission, in settling 
the disputes and entangled claims of the people to the 
lands of that place; this was a most difficult and ardu- 
ous task, and was well performed. He has delivered at 
various times public addresses and orations, which, for 
style and substance, compare well with any like contem- 
poraneous productions. They would fill a volume, and 
are worthy to be placed among American classics. His 
address to the old settlers at Mooresville in 1873 has 
had no rival in that line. His oration on the Fourth 
of July, 1872, at the Soldiers' Home, at Daylon, was a 
memorable one, calling out general commendation; 
and his speech on Decoration Day, 1880, at Williams- 
port, was a model of elegiac eloquence. He is a forci- 
ble and brilliant extempore speaker. He takes a lively 
interest in politics, and is heard from on the stump in 
every great struggle. He has been a school commis- 
sioner, a member of the Historical Society, and is in- 
terested in whatever promotes the well-being of society. 
Strong, genial, and energetic, he has a career before 
hira as well as behind him. He is frank, bold, and 
clear in the expression of his opinions, and worships, in 
friend and foe, candor and manliness. His habits are 
those of a scholar, and his life one of quiet and reserve, 
except when roused and pushed into action. If asked 
to point out his most prominent traits, they would be 
common sense, firmness of purpose, and promptness in 

JlI^ACY, DAVID, banker, etc., of Indianapolis, was 

T r|| bom in Randolph County, Xorth Carolina, De- 

Ga)I,\ cember 25, iSlo. His father was a native of 

x'-'W the Island of Xantucket, and his mother of the 

state of Virginia. Mr. Macy comes of a long-lived 

race; his mother lived to ihe advanced age of ninety- 

eight, and his father reached seventy-six years of age. 
Both died in Randolph County, Indiana, the father in 
1847 and the aged mother in 1874. From all outward 
appearances, Mr. Macy is destined to equal either parent 
in longevity, as, although he has reached the allotted 
threescore and ten, there are no symptoms of either 
mental or physical decay, and he is as active as most men 
of fifty. When about nine or ten years of age David 
removed with his parents to the state of Indiana, settling 
in the southern part of Randolph County, in a por- 
tion of the state at that time very thinly settled. He 
worked on the farm of his father until he was about 
eighteen years of age, assisting in clearing up the 
ground, rolling and burning logs, making rails, and 
doing other work incident to improving a homestead in 
a newly settled country. During the winter months he 
attended a country school in the neighborhood, and ac- 
quired a good common school education. At the age 
above named he commenced work with Hiram Macy, 
an elder brother, as a mill-wright, and continued at that 
business for between two and three years. He then de- 
cided to abandon his trade, and commenced the study 
of law at Centerville, Wa.yne County, Indiana. He ap- 
plied himself energetically to his studies for nearly two 
years, and on the 3d of March, 1832, obtained a license 
to practice law from the Hon. Charles H. Test and 
Hon. M. C. Eggleston, the Circuit Judges. The same 
year he removed to New Castle, Henry County, In- 
diana, and began practice. In 1833, having business at 
Indianapolis, and learning while there that a number 
of lawyers were to be examined in the Supreme Court 
room, to ascertain their qualifications for admission in 
that court, he concluded to become one of the class, 
which he did, passed the ordeal successfully, and was, 
with others, licensed to practice in that and all other 
Superior Courts of Record in the state of Indiana. 
His license bears date December 4, 1833, ^n^l >s signed 
by S. C. Stevens and J. T. McKinney, two of the Su- 
preme Judges. The people of the state of Indiana had 
then for years been agitating the question of the state 
entering upon a general system of internal improve- 
ments adequate to the wants of the people and to the 
resources of the state. The country was comparatively 
new, the state and county roads about one-third of the 
year muddy and in bad order, and the people had 
neither canals nor railroads on which to transport pro- 
duce to market, or receive goods or groceries in return. 
The only way was by hauling in wagons, which was 
very expensive. It was, therefore, not at all strange 
that the prospect of improving the country by roads or 
canals met with favor. Mr. Macy was a warm advocate 
of internal improvements, and in 1835 became a candi- 
date for the office of Representative, on that question 
alone being elected, and was re-elected in the year 
1S36 and 1837 on that issue. The project was brought 



[ylh Dist. 

before the Legislature at an early day of the session 
of 1835, and a bill, which he supported, was agreed 
upon, appropriating the sum of ten million dollars for 
constructing railroads, turnpike roads, and canals in 
various portions of the state, and specifying the amount 
to be laid out on each work. The bill passed, fund 
commissioners were appointed, bonds of the state issued, 
and labor on the different public works was soon com- 
menced; but, owing to the inexperience of the fund 
commissioners, a large amount of the funds appropriated 
were lost, and the credit of the state was impaired, and 
the contractors ceased their work, leaving the various 
works incomplete. But subsequent events show that the 
people of (he state did not give up the idea. They 
realized the importance of having these unfinished high- 
ways of commerce completed. New companies were 
organized, and arrangements made to take some of the 
incomplete work off the hands of the state and finish 
it. This was done, and soon after these great public ben- 
efits were completed. The Legislature granted other 
charters to construct railroads and turnpike roads in 
various portions of the state, and they were built with 
characteristic energy by the people, who found them to 
be of great utility and a large source of revenue to the 
state. Instead of spending ten millions of dollars, as 
the state originally proposed, over one hundred millions 
have been paid out in Indiana for the construction of 
railroads alone since the passage of the internal im- 
provement bill of 1S35. These improvements have, in 
a great measure, facilitated the successful use of the tel- 
egraph and many other projects and inventions which 
naturally followed. Mr. Macy was a strong advocate 
and persistent champion of every movement calculated 
to bring about this result, and no little credit for the 
achievements of Indiana in this matter is due to his en- 
ergetic and whole-hearted advocacy. He can point with 
pleasure to the fact that the early advocates of these 
improvements were not in error, tnough they may have 
made some mistakes ; but that their acts in the main 
have been of great public utility, giving employment to 
at least twenty thousand laboring men in Indiana alone. 
In 183S Mr. Macy was elected by the Legislature pros- 
ecuting attorney for the Sixth Judicial District of the 
state for the term of two years. In 1S40 he removed 
to Lawrenceburg, Dearborn County, and resided there, 
practicing his profession, until 1852, in the mean time 
serving as mayor of the city two years, and representing 
the county in the state Legislature ih the years 1845 
and 1846. In the year 1852 Mr. Macy moved to In- 
dianapolis, his present place of residence. In 1S55 he 
was elected president of the Peru and Indianapolis Rail- 
road (I. P. and C), and, with the exception of a short 
interval, had its control and management up to January 
I. 1880, at which time his resignation as president of 
the company look effect. In January, 1S76, he was 

elected president of the Meridian National Bank of In- 
dianapolis, and has held that office up to the present 
time. Mr. Macy was married, January 17, 1837, to Miss 
Mary Ann Patterson, of Indianapolis. Their only 
daughter, Carrie, is the wife of V. T. Malott, general 
manager of the Indianapolis, Peru, and Chicago Rail- 
road. While under Mr. Macy's supervision this railroad 
had rapidly advanced until it became one of the most 
popular as well as one of the best paying roads of the 
state. Although enrolled among the wealthy men of 
Indiana, Mr. Macy is one of the most unostentatious of 
men, frank, open-hearted, and candid in his manner, 
and retaining in his demeanor the simplicity and candor 
characteristic of the old time gentleman. In business, 
of untiring energy and unimpeachable integrity; in the 
state, a public-spirited citizen ; in the Church, an active 
and zealous member, he is in the family and social 
circle an exemplary husband and father, an affable and 
courteous gentleman, liberal to all deserving objects, 
and esteemed and venerated by all who know him. 

fOACHE, ADDISON L., Indianapolis. Fancy 
might find in the given names of Addison Locke 
Roache an indication of temperament, if not a 
key to character. Not a recluse or a bookworm, 
and eminently a man of affairs, yet his life has busied 
itself with those things in which success depends upon 
the symmetrical judgment and practical grasp that come 
from reading and reflection, rather than with those in 
which it is achieved solely in the narrow groove of pro- 
fessional excellence. Roughly speaking, it might be said 
he is an example of the general average of abilities, the 
sum of which is denoted by that much-abused term, 
"common sense," which successful men always have in 
an eminent degree. To this, in Judge Roache's charac- 
ter, is added the finish and poise which a strong intel- 
lectual temperament gives. By profession a lawyer — or 
rather, it should be said, by nature — he is not merely 
a lawyer. If it be that this profession is the Rome to 
which all roads lead, it is certain he has trod many of 
them, and, as a political and historical student as well 
as a lover of general literature, has the ripe fruits of a 
well-stored mind to attest. Born in Rutherford County, 
Tennessee, November 3, 1817, his father and family came 
to Bloomington, Indiana, in 1828. Here the boy had 
the advantage of a collegiate education in the state 
university, whence he was graduated in September, 
1836. Immediately thereafter he began the study of 
law in the office of General Tilghman A. Howard, at 
Rockville, Parke County. He was admitted to the bar, 
and began practice at Frankfort, Clinton County. With 
his professional studies had already commenced that 
general reading which has made him many-sided in his 

ph Dist.\ 



mental achievements; and in the beginning of profes- 
sional work he halted for the benefits of travel, spend- 
ing nearly the whole of the year 1841 journeying 
through the West. He returned to Rockville in Jan- 
uary of the following year, and the next June was there 
married to Miss Emily A. Wedding. For the next ten 
vears he steadily pursued his profession, interrupted in 
1847 by attendance upon the state Legislature, of which 
he was a member from Parke County. In 1852 he was 
elected a Justice of the Supreme Court of the state. 
He sat upon the Bench until 1854, when he resigned. 
In 1S59 he formed a law partnership with Joseph E. 
McDonald, now United States Senator from Indiana. 
With that he removed his residence to Indianapolis, 
and during the eleven years of this law partnership the 
firm of Roache & McDonald was in the front rank of 
the bar of the state. In 1859 Judge Roache had been 
appointed a trustee of the st&te university — his Alma 
Mater. With his removal to Indianapolis he vacated 
that office. In 1876 he was again appointed a trustee 
of tiiat institution. The bias that with most lawyers of 
eminence eventually leads them into politics, of which 
his law partner is an example, with him led to litera- 
ture. Politics were with him, like history or the whole 
range of literature, a study. The purely intellectual 
cast of )iis character might be said to have found an 
expression in this connection with the state univer- 
sity, and to the attainment in practice of his ideal 
here has been given much time and labor. He 
had an ambition to make in Bloomington an insti- 
tution such as the university of a great and growing 
state ought to be. To this end he has sought to make 
its faculty a representative one of excellence — brought 
to a first-rate level in all its parts. To accomplish this 
it has been necessary, not merely to exercise that pa- 
tient care by which a "weeding" process shall result 
successfully, but to offset all the drawbacks that in- 
sufficient help from the state has placed in the way. 
But the end crowns the work. Mainly to Judge Roache's 
unremitting care and labor men of worth and experience 
rarely excelled are at the head of each of the various 
departments. With this effort to get the proper instru- 
ments, the use to be made of them has never been lost 
sight of. It has been Judge Roache's laudable ambition 
to put the state university in harmony with the common 
school system ; to make of it, as it should be, the fount- 
ain head from which should flow through the channels 
of the common schools all the education embodied in 
the school system of the state; to have a university 
conclusion as an end to the educational career begun 
in the primary schools; and from the university to send 
back as teachers those who have come there as scholars; 
that is, to have it not merely a finishing place for pupils, 
but a training school for teachers. How many stum- 
bling-blocks there have been in the way of this noble 

aim the history of Indiana attests. These have been 
in a measure smoothed away. The system has since 
been harmoniously developed and wrought out. The 
state university has come to be held a part of the 
educational system of the state. There is an approach 
to harmony, and the tenacity of purpose with which 
Judge Roache has sought this end bids fair to compass 
it, and bring to a realization this desire of his heart. 
Occupied with various schemes for the intellectual ad- 
vancement of his day and generation, while a member 
of the committee to digest the school system, Judge 
Roache conceived the idea of a public library for the 
city of Indianapolis, and executed the plan for its es- 
tablishment and support. He drafted the original reso- 
lution on the subject, argued and pleaded its way 
through the Legislature, and is justly proud that this 
work of his hand from small beginnings has grown 
upon its stable foundations to be an institution so cred- 
itable to the city, and so full of promise for increasing 
good and greatness. In this outline of a life, two 
phases of its development have shown the lawyer and 
the educator. Another shows an eminently successful 
business man, some years being spent in business after 
leaving his profession on account of his health. There 
are indications of a character unique in this, that it 
shows a union of elements not often found, and so 
blended that these qualities, in some respects opposite, 
have each enhanced the others. To be a successful 
lawyer means devotion to the profession. Judge Roache 
has been conspicuously successful. This is frequently, 
if not generally, the sum of such a life. But Judge 
Roache's efforts in the cause of education are indi- 
cations of something more than the law student, and 
in him is found a lover of books as books. His 
reading has been wide and deep, sufficient to make of 
most men the bookworm exclusively, with all of the im- 
practicability of such a character. But here, if things 
unlike might be compared, there is a man as "level- 
headed" in the actualities of life as profound in its 
theories. If his student life has influenced his business 
life, it has been in that salutary way which has elevated 
and strengthened it ; while it is certain that this same 
cast of "business sense" has so acted upon his profes- 
sional and literary attainments as to enable him to mar- 
shal them for instant use, and to make them ever of 
practical value. His mind is of the " workshop " 
order, in contradistinction to the "lumber-room" sort. 
Its stores are not there useless, except for some one else; 
they are ready to be shaped into the support of what- 
ever purpose is in hand. This gives him a rare power 
of statement. Few can go so directly to the core of a 
question and give the reason for the faith that is in them 
as Judge Roache. This power, added to the natural 
judicial cast of his mind, gives to his counsel and 
judgment the strength of finality, while the kindly 



[pk Dist. 

lone of a genial nature and healthful temperament wins 
eonliilenee, as his intellectual force carries conviction. 
He is one of the strong men of Indianapolis. The 
advice of no one is more frequently sought for, or 
regarded of more value. 

fILL, RALPH, attorney-at-law, now of Indianapo- 
lis. The hardy growths of nature are those 
which battle the storms; the fiercer the conflict 
the more robust becomes the trunk, and the deeper 
down do the roots descend. Man is but a part of 
nature. The successful man is not he who dreams, but 
he who does, and when we see a man who has hewn 
his way through difficulties and endured the storms of 
life from childhood, he is the strong man, the man of 
mark. Such is the subject of this sketch. His father, 
Jared Hill, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, 
March 13, 1774, and in 1800 moved to Ohio, settling 
in Trumbull County. He was married twice, first to 
Miss Sallie Sprague, by whom he had four children, she 
dying about 1S20. His second wife was Miss Sabina 
Bates, who was born in Connecticut October 30, 1792, 
to whom was born three children. Jared Hill was by 
trade a carpenter and mill-wright, and was for a time 
interested in a flouring and saw-mill located near his 
farm. He died July 6, 1839; his wife, surviving him 
many years, died February 16, 1872. Ralph Hill was 
the sixth of the family, and was born in Trumbull 
County, Ohio, October 12, 1827, and at the time of 
his father's death was only II years old. The year fol- 
lowing this sad event, he began working on the farm 
of his half brother-in-law, at three dollars per month 
during six months, and continued at farm labor until 
he was sixteen years old, attending the district school 
in winter. In the winter of 1843 ^"<1 '^44 ^^ went to 
school at the Kinsman Academy, "doing chores" for 
his board, and for three successive winters continued in 
the same position, working in summer at farm labor. 
In the winter of 1846-7 he taught the principal school 
in his native township, and in the spring, with the 
means thus acquired, he went to the Grand River Insti- 
tute, at Austinburg, Ashtabula County, Ohio, where he 
remained until the close of the spring term of 1S49, 
having completed a course of study which would have 
enabled him to enter the Sophomore class in college. 
He then began teaching, and continued in that occupa- 
tion until August, 1850, and September 2, 1850, he left 
home and entered the New York State and National 
Law School, then located at Ballston. Having received 
assurance of financial assistance from his brother-in-law, 
he commenced the ordinary course of study; but in the 
following November his benefactor died, and all pros- 
pect of aid from that source was gone. He was 

extremely anxious to graduate, which would, by pursu- 
ing the ordinary course, require him to remain two 
years at the Law School, and was also desirous to be 
admitted to practice in the New York courts before re- 
turning to Ohio, which would at once entitle him to 
admission by courtesy to the Ohio bar, without the two 
years' course of study then required in Ohio. With 
these two objects in view he immediately entered upon 
a double course of study, which he kept up until the 
close of the school year, also studying during the holi- 
day vacation. In January, 1851, he applied before the 
Supreme Court in General Term at Albany, as one of a 
class of fifteen, for admission to the New York bar, 
eleven of whom passed a creditable examination, he 
being one of the number. At the close of the school 
year, in August, 1851, he was examined with the Senior 
class before ex-Chancellor Walworth and committee, 
receiving his certificate of LL. B. He immediately re- 
turned to Ohio and entered the office of Chaffee & 
Woodbury, at Jefferson, Ashtabula County, where he 
remained until November, -when he commenced a select 
school at Austinburg, near the Grand River Institute, 
where he had formerly studied. This school he taught 
until March, 1852, when he returned to the office of 
Chafifee & Woodbury, remaining there until August 18 
of the same year, then leaving for Columbus, Indiana, 
to form a partnership with Hon. William Mack, now 
of Terre Haute, who had been his classmate at law 
school. He reached Columbus August 20, 1852, and 
the firm of Mack & Hill, attorneys-at-law, "hung out its 
shingle." Since then Mr. Hill has had as partners the 
following gentlemen : William Singleton was associated 
with him from 1853 to 1856; from that time until 1863 
he practiced alone, when he formed a partnership with 
Joseph M. Rogers, of Lexington, Kentucky, which con- 
tinued until 1S66, then becoming connected wMth George 
W. Richardson, formerly of Madison, which continued 
until December 31, 1S73, since which time he had no 
partner while at Columbus. He was married December 
24th, 1853, to Miss Phoebe J. Elmer, of Columbus, who 
was born at Fairton, New Jersey. The following chil- 
dren are the fruits of this union: Mary M., born 
November 12, 1854; Florence S., born September 8, 
1857, died August 14, 1876; Edgar E., born August 
14, 1859 ; and Ralph, August 10, 1875. I" 'S64 the 
Republican Convention at Seymour nominated for Con- 
gress McKee Dunn, who declined to make the race, 
and in a subsequent convention at Columbus Mr. Hill 
was nominated to represent the Third District, and ac- 
cepted. He made a joint canvass of the district with 
Mr. Harrington, the Democratic nominee, and to the 
surprise of himself and every one else was elected, and 
served in the memorable Thirty-ninth Congress. He 
was not a candidate for renomination. On May 29, 
1869, on the recommendation of Governor Morton, he 

yik Dist.\ 



was appointed Collector for the Third District of Indi- 
ana, a position he held until December 31, 1875, 
when the Second and Third Districts were consolidated, 
and he was succeeded by Colonel H. Woodbury. Dur- 
ing his term of office he collected over 83,140,000, and 
when his final reports were sent in, it was found that 
they balanced to a cent with the books of the depart- 
ment, and he did not owe the government one farthing, 
a fact that, considering the times and the crookedness 
and corruption in office of so many government officials, 
shouM be gralifying to him and to every admirer of an 
honest, upright man. On the 1st of May, 1S79, he 
formed a partnership with J. W. Nichol, of Indianapo- 
lis (who was associated in practice with the late Judge 
Samuel H. Buskirk), and June 2, 1879, moved his family 
to that city. Since his removal to Indianapolis Mr. 
Hill has been engaged in several important cases, and 
his success proves beyond a doubt his capacity to cope 
with the brightest intellects at the bar of Indiana. Mr. 
Hill is a gentleman of varied and brilliant character- 
istics. As a lawyer he is grounded in the fundamental 
principles of legal science, and in the preparation and 
presentation of his cases he reasons from those principles 
to reported cases. As a speaker he is clear, analytical, 
and unimpassioned, making effective use of all favorable 
points, no matter how insignificant they may appear to 
others, and skillfully turns or ignores unfavorable ones. 
With these eminent qualifications as a lawyer added to 
his well known character for integrity and energy, he 
can safely be placed among the foremost men of the 
bar of Indiana. He is the soul of geniality and good 
fellowship, and makes hosts of friends, not alone in the 
profession, but among all with whom he comes in 


fICHOL, JOSEPH W., attorney-at-law, was born 
at Lafayette, Indiana, December 21, 1836. His 
father, George Nichol, was a native of Butler 
County, Ohio, and was a saddler by trade. His 
mother, Frances A. McDonald, was also born in Butler 
County, Ohio. She was the sister of United States Sen- 
ator, Hon. Joseph E. McDonald. About the year 1828 
George Nichol removed to Lafayette, where he engaged 
in the saddlery and harness-making business. He was 
married eight years later at the residence of Dr. Canby, 
in Crawfordsville, Indiana. He had a family of three 
children, all of whom, together with the mother, arc 
living. Joseph, who was the eldest of three children, 
in his boyhood days worked part of the time on a farm, 
and spent a great deal of his time working in the shop 
with his father, but did not finish the trade. Being of 
slight build (although always healthy), his father ob- 
jected to his being confined too closely indoors. He 
attended for several years the common schools of the 

Star City, when he entered the normal department at 
Wabash College, at Crawfordsville. Before completing 
the course he was called home by the death of his father, 
which occurred April 6, 1855; his studies were inter- 
rupted for six months, when he returned to college, but 
in the course of another year went back to Lafayette, 
and commenced to make his own living, entering the 
post-office of that city as an attache under postmaster 
Thomas Wood. Shortly afterward he removed to Attica, 
Fountain County, where he received the appointment 
of postmaster. He was honored with this appointment 
before he had attained his majority, which was a fine 
tribute to his honest worth and integrity. He was com- 
missioned to this position by Hon. Aaron V. Brown of 
Tennessee, at that time Postmaster-general. Mr. Nichol 
kept this position until August, 1859, when he resigned 
the office in order to devote his attention to the study 
of law. He then came to Indianapolis, and entered 
upon a law course under the instruction of his uncle, 
Hon. Joseph E. McDonald, and Hon. A. L. Roache, 
Ex-Judge of Supreme Court. Here he remained until 

1861. After completing his law course he returned to 
Fountain County; but after a few months, in April, 

1862, he removed to Lebanon, Boone County, and com- 
menced the practice of law, building up a lucrative busi- 
ness, and remaining two years. He then went to Coving- 
ton, Indiana, and formed a partnership with Hon. Joseph 
Ristine. He did not practice any in the courts, however, 
but employed much of his time writing in the clerk's 
office. In the fall of 1S66 Mr. Nichol removed for 
permanent residence to Indianapolis. Here, in 1868, 
he was honored with the nomination for state Senator by 
the Democratic County Convention, but was defeated. 
In 1S69 he was married at Indianapolis to Miss Hannah 
Bright, daughter of Hon. Michael G. Bright, and sister 
to lion. Richard J. Bright, Sergeant-at-Arms of United 
States Senate. With her companionship his life has 
passed peaceably and happily. They have one child, a 
fine and promising boy, now five years of age. Mr. 
Nichol's mother is still living ; his brother James is 
married, and engaged in the agricultural business in 
Indianapolis, and his sister Nellie is yet unmarried. 
Soon after his marriage, Mr. Nichol went into law part- 
nership with Hon. Lewis Jordan, which business firm was 
continued for four years. He, in January, 1S74, formed 
a co-partnership with Judge Samuel A. Huff, carrying 
on a lucrative practice. This firm was dissolved three 
years later, when Mr. Nichol became associated with 
Hon. Samuel H. Buskirk, Ex-Judge of Supreme Bench, 
who remained his partner, the firm doing a large busi- 
ness. The death of Judge Buskirk, which occurred 
April 3, 1879, severed this connection. In the same 
year he entered into partnership with Hon. Ralph Hill, of 
Columbus, who still remainshis associate. In July, 1S80, 
Mr. Nichol was again nominated for state Senator by the 



\7lh Dist. 

Marion County Democratic Convention. He has always 
been identified with the Democratic party, and has 
taken an active interest in politics. In 1S76 he entered 
■with great zeal into the campaign, making speeches and 
stirring the young Democracy up to enthusiasm. Mr. 
Xichol enjoys the confidence and esteem of the great 
party leaders, and his associates of the legal fraternity. 
lie has a fine presence, is tall and slender, intellectual- 
looking, and dignified. His manner of address is pleas- 
ing, his reasoning power excellent, while his arguments 
are logical and convincing. As a political debater he 
is very successful, while he never resorts to vituperation 
of the opposite organization, and could never be classed 
as a demagogue, although devoted to the principles of 
the party he deems in the right. Naturally retiring in 
disposition, he is yet kindly and genial, a good citizen 
and a w-ise counselor, whose judgment may be relied 
upon, and whose influence is quietly sent forth rather 
than self-asserted or loudly proclaimed. 

^:,||ORTER, ALBERT G. Some forty years ago a 
H|X Western traveler who passed along the Ohio 
^X\ canal might have noticed a strong, vigorous young 
Zq man, with a big brow and a frank, open, manly 
face, driving mules along the tow-path. The same per- 
.son, pursuing his journey along the principally traveled 
route of Kentucky, might have noticed the light-faced 
boy, with a sunny smile and pleasing ways, wlio worked 
the horse ferry-boat across the Ohio River, opposite 
Lawrenceburg, Indiana, or who rowed the passengers 
over the river in a skiff. The canal-boy was James A. 
Garfield, the Republican nominee for President of the 
United States; the ferry-boy was the Hon. Albert G. 
Porter, just elected Governor of Indiana. There can 
be no better illustration of republican institutions than 
those found in the ticket which the Republican party 
presented for the suffrages uf the people of Indiana. 
The heads of the national and state tickets in their 
own persons bear witness to the simplicity of Amer- 
ican manners, and to the sovereignty of American citi- 
zenship. Professor Draper, in his notable philosophical 
history of our war, attributes tlie rapid reduction of this 
continent to civilization to the individualism developed 
by our institutions, and predicts that this individualism 
will enable the Republic of the West to play that part 
on the grander theater of the globe which the old 
republic played in the narrow confines of the Med- 
iterranean. The Republican party, which has given 
the country its President since i860, has been careful to 
see to it that its standard-bearers have been chosen 
from the people. Abraham Lincoln was called from 
his (lal-boat to enter upon tlie discipline that was to 
make him the greatest of American Presidents. Gen- 

eral Grant came from his tannery to be the greatest 
soldier of his country, to be its ruler for eight years, 
and to remain the foremost citizen of the republic. 
The state of Indiana, following the precedent set by the 
nation, has generally been careful also to select as can- 
didates for its highest offices men who have come from 
the people, and who, from personal experience, have 
understood the needs of the masses to whose wants they 
were to administer. The Indiana Republicans did not 
forget this principle this year in selecting as candi- 
date for Governor a native of their State, who had trod- 
den all the familiar paths of most American leaders, 
and worked his way from humble origin to business 
success and to professional reputation. The father of 
A. G. Porter was a Pennsylvanian, who, at the age of 
eighteen, enlisted in Ball's regiment of Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, in the War of 1812 with Great Britain. He was 
very badly wounded in what was then known as the 
territory of Indiana, at the engagement of Wissinne- 
way, and was borne on a litter to Lebanon, Ohio. 
From that wound he never recovered ; and years after- 
wards, when young Porter was a large boy, his father 
still remained a sufferer. The elder Porter, at the end 
of the War of 1S12, settled in Indiana, at Lawrence- 
burg. The Porter family remained there until after the 
death of the grandfather of young Porter on his moth- 
er's side, when his father removed to Kentucky, having 
purchased the old homestead which belonged to his 
grandfather. Attached to that homestead there was a 
ferry across the Ohio River, nearly opposite Lawrence- 
burg. This ferry was on the regular route of travel 
from Indiana to Kentucky ; and the father, who was 
then in moderate circumstances, left the entire manage- 
ment of that ferry, which consisted both of a horse-boat 
and a skiff, to young Porter and his brother. The re- 
sponsibility which w^as thus early placed upon Mr. 
Porter, and the necessity in a great measure of earning 
his own livelihood by manual labor, developed in him 
those traces of independence of character for which he 
became noted in later life. Young Porter rowed many 
notable persons across the Ohio River in his little skiff, 
when the travel was not heavy enough for the horse- 
boat. At the age of fifteen the young man had saved 
money enough from the allowances which he received 
for running the ferry, to start for college. At the ear- 
liest opportunity he left the little skiff and the old horse 
ferry-boat for Hanover College, Indiana, where he en- 
tered the preparatory department. There he remained 
until the scanty means which he had saved were ex- 
hausted. The days then grew dark for the future 
Governor of Indiana. His little pittance was gone, his 
father was unable to assist him, his father's family was 
equally destitute, and there seemed no recourse for him 
except to go back to the horse ferry-boat and the little 
skiff, or to seek some other means to secure the funds 

yth Dist.] 



necessary for the education that he was determined to 
have. At this juncture, an uncle, who was in good 
circumstances, and with whom lie was a great favor- 
ite, wrote to him, telling him that he had heard that 
his little means were exhausted, that he understood 
that he was determined to have an education, and that 
he, the uncle, would help him to get it. In the lan- 
guage of the letter, he would "see him through." 
That was the happiest day in young Porter's life. The 
clouds lifted, the way was clear. He speedily and grate- 
fully accepted his uncle's proposition, and from that 
time there were less obstacles in his career. 
But the acceptance of the offer made necessary a 
change of location. His uncle was a Methodist, and 
he desired that his young ward should enler upon his 
studies at Asbury College, at Greencaslle, Indiana. 
To this place, therefore, he went, and he remained 
there until he graduated in 1843. After graduation 
young Porter returned to Lawrenceburg, and studied 
law until 1S46, when he removed to Indianapolis, where 
he entered upon the practice of law, in which profes- 
sion he has long held a front rank at the Indiana bar. 
In 1853 Porter, who was then a Democrat, was ap- 
pointed by Governor Wright, then Governor, and sub- 
sequently minister to Berlin, reporter of the decisions of 
the Supreme Court of Indiana, to fill a vacancy that 
had occurred by the death of the former reporter. By 
this time young Porter had attained a reputation for 
industry and ability, and he was unanimously recom- 
mended by the Supreme Court Judges to fill this va- 
cancy. The following year young Porter was elected to 
the same office by the people on the general ticket by 
fourteen thousand majority, a fact and a precedent which 
Indiana voters will do well to remember. It has not 
been the custom in Indiana to give any candidate on its 
state ticket much larger majorities than that. Porter to 
this time had been a Democrat, but in 1S54 he became 
discontented with the repeal of the Missouri Compro- 
mise, although he remained in the Democratic party, 
for the reason that he thought that, under the squatter- 
sovereignty doctrine, slavery would certainly be excluded 
from the territories. But in 1856, having discovered 
that free elections were not to be permitted in the terri- 
tories, and that the territories were to be carried by 
fraud and force. Porter, with many others of the best 
men in his party, abandoned the Democracy and united 
himself with the Republican party, voting for Fremont. 
In 1858, although not a candidate for nomination. Por- 
ter was nominated by the Republican convention, at In- 
dianapolis, as a candidate for Congress. That district, 
for two years previously, had gone Democratic by eight 
hundred majority, yet Porter was elected to Congress by 
a majority of more than one thousand; and two years 
afterward he was elected by a like majority. Before the 
meeting of the convention to nominate a candidate again, 
c— 17 

however, Mr. Porter published a card declining service 
in Congress. General Dumont, then in the army, was 
nominated in his place, but Porter did most of the can- 
vassing for him. While in Congress Mr. Porter was a 
member of the Judiciary Committee for his entire term 
of service. In this capacity Mr. Porter developed great 
ability as a lawyer, and assisted in drawing most of the 
important law reports from that committee during his 
term of service. He made a report on the liability of 
railroads which had received land grants to transport 
United States troops and war material free of charge. 
This report attracted a good deal of attention, and, 
upon motion of Elihu B. Washburne, was republished 
at the next session of Congress, as a very important con- 
tribution to anti-monopoly literature. That report took 
the ground that the provision in the land grant acts 
should be and ought to be enforced. From that time 
it was. Before that the monopolies had been having 
their ovi'n way, having seemed to control both Congress 
and the executive ; but, after Porter's report, they were 
compelled to transport troops and munitions of war free. 
The consequence has been that the revenues of the gov- 
ernment have been largely increased from this source. 
Like most young members, Porter made a speech in 
favor of the abolition of the franking privilege. He 
was always on the side of the people. In the notable 
contest relative to the Isthmus of Chiriqui, which is now 
again being called to the public attention, Mr. Porter 
took sides against the scheme, and antagonized Dan 
Sickles at the time, who was one of its noted advocates. 
Another of Mr. Porter's most notable speeches was on 
the general subject of the war, and upon all compromise 
schemes. Mr. Porter retired from Congressional life be- 
cause he had a young and growing family, and wisely 
thought that he ought not to sacrifice his future in 
political life, but should return to the profession of the 
law, and endeavor to build up his fortune. This he did, 
and in his professional career he was eminently success- 
ful. Four years ago Mr. Porter was put in nomination 
as a candidate for Governor of Indiana, but he caused a 
letter to be read declining to allow his name to be used. 
Nothwithstanding his declaration, however, he received 
many votes in the convention. From the time he left 
Congress he devoted himself assiduously to his profes- 
sion, although he nearly always took some part in state 
political campaigns. He continued his practice until 
he was very unexpectedly invited to come to Washing- 
ton to accept the appointment of Comptroller of the 
Treasury. This appointment was tendered him by Sec- 
retary Sherman, who knew him as an eminent lawyer 
in Indiana, and who desired a competent person to fill 
the place. The duties of First Comptroller of the 
Treasury are not generally understood. They are very 
important, and are entirely judicial. It is the one 
office in the government from whose decisions there 



\_7th Dist. 

is no appeal. The Secretary of the Treasury can not 
annul decisions of the First Comptroller. No appeal 
lies from him either to the Attorney-general, to the Pres- 
ident, or, to the Supreme Court of the United States. 
The word of the First Comptroller of the Treasury is 
the final authority on all constructions of law and inter- 
pretations of statutes relating to the vast disbursements 
of the treasury. It sometimes happens that the First 
Comptroller overrules the Attorney-general, as he did 
last year in relation to the statutes of the District of 
Columbia, and as to the status of the commissioners 
under them. To this office Mr. Porter was summoned 
without notice by the Secretary of the Treasury, and 
he occupied it with distinguished ability. It is a 
position which requires great knowledge of the law and 
unimpeachable integrity. The First Comptroller is the 
one man whose decisions alone stand between the great 
army of jobbers and the public crib, and whose word is 
law. The man who has so successfully withstood the 
attacks of the raiders upon the national treasury will 
wisely administer the duties of Governor of Indiana. 

£ WORRIS, MORRIS. In the early settlement of 
T 'll Virginia, three brothers, named James, John, 
C^\ and Morris Morris, came from Wales. The sub- 
i^'S^ject of this sketch was the grandson of James 
Morris. He was born in Monongahela County, Virginia, 
in 1780. In his young days his parents moved to 
Fleming County, Kentucky, where he was brought up, 
and lived until he was forty years old. He received an 
English education, read law, and for many years 
practiced it. In 1803 he was married to Rachel Morris, 
a descendant of the John Morris, one of the three 
brothers above mentioned. Unwilling to rear his family 
amid the influences of slavery, in 1821, he moved to the 
free state of Indiana. With this removal, or shortly be- 
fore it, he abandoned the practice of the law, and for a 
reason sufliciently rare to merit mention. He averred 
that for him the practice of the law interfered with the 
life which according to his view his profession of Chris- 
tianity required of him. He did not lay this down for 
a rule by which he judged others. He believed it was 
the thing to be done in his case, and he did it. This 
incident might be taken as a key to his character. He 
was conscientious to a rare degree. Nothing could 
move him from his notions of right. At the same time 
he never arraigned others at the bar of his own judg- 
ment. His standard was for himself. The future capi- 
tal of the new state had just been fixed at Indianapolis, 
and the settlement was only in the second year of its 
existence when he came to it. He bought land largely, 
within and without its liniils, and \\ ns among those who 
were foremost in the active life of the new settlement. 

The history of Indianapolis for the first score of years 
shows few events of public concern in which he was 
not prominent. In 1828, he was elected Auditor of 
State, and was successively re-elected to that office for 
sixteen years. In 1832, he was one of the three Com- 
missioners who had in charge the building of the State- 
house. His son, T. A. Morris, as a civil engineer, laid 
out the grounds. Nearly a half century later that son. 
General T. A. Morris, is now a Commissioner in charge 
of the building of the new State-house, on the same 
spot where stood the old, and his (Morris Morris's) 
grandson, Morris M. Defrees, as civil engineer, laid out 
the grounds. After leaving the office of Auditor of 
State, Mr. Morris retired to private life. He engaged 
in no business except the care of his property, which in 
the growth of the town had become a large estate. In 
his mature years he had joined the Methodist Church, 
and up to his later life was a very active member of it. 
He died in 1864, in his eighty-fourth year. The death 
nf his wife in the previous year, at the age of seventy- 
six, ended their married life of sixty years. They had 
eight children, and lived to see their great grand-child- 
ren. In person, Mr. Morris in his prime was six feet 
two, robust and active. He was noted for great clear- 
ness of judgment, and the union of remarkable decision 
of character with rare gentleness. 

ORRIS, THOMAS A., Indianapolis. Thomas 
Armstrong Morris is the third son of Rachel 
and Morris Morris. He was born in Nicholas 
Y»^ County, Kentucky, December 26, iSii. In 1S21 
his parents moved to Indianapolis, then a settlement of 
a few families, and designated as the place where the 
state capital was to be. The journey was overland by 
horse and wagon through almost literally "trackless 
forests," and the ten-year-old boy may thus be said to 
have commenced life as a pioneer; a character which it 
may be said followed him through life, for, as will be 
seen, he was a pioneer in many enterprises. In 1S23 he 
began to learn the printer's trade. He went to work 
on a newspaper, which, like most of its kind in new 
settlements, had a length of name in inverse ratio to its 
importance. It staggered under the appellation of "The 
Western Censor and EmigranVs Guide." It is now the 
Indianapolis Journal. The boy continued at his trade 
for three years, and became an excellent printer, which 
in those days included the "theory and practice" of 
hand-press work as well as type setting. At the end of 
three years he left the office and was sent to a school 
taught by Ebenezer Sharpe. After four years, being 
then nineteen years old, he was appointed as a cadet of 
West Point, and set out on horseback to Cincinnati, 
whence the route east was by way of the Ohio River. 



yth Dtst.\ 



He was graduated in 1834, standing fourth in a class 
of thirty-six. He was then breveted as a second lieu- 
tenant of the 1st Artillery in the regular army. After 
about one year's service at Fort Monroe, Virginia, and 
Fort King, Florida, he was sent by the War Depart- 
ment to assist Major Ogden, of the engineer corps, in 
constructing the national road in Indiana and Illinois, 
and had charge of the division between Richmond and 
Indianapolis, Indiana. This was the first turnpike-road 
in the state. After a year he resigned from the United 
States service and was resident engineer in the Indiana 
state service. During that time he had charge of the 
construction of the Central Canal. From 1841 to 1847 
he was chief engineer of the Madison and Indianapolis 
Railroad, and built it after it had been abandoned by 
the state at Vernon, from that point to Indianapolis. 
This was the first railroad in the state. From 1847 to 
1852 he was chief engineer of the Terre Haute and 
Richmond Railroad, connecting Terre Haute and In- 
dianapolis, and now ( 1880) part of the "Vandalia." 
During the same time lie was chief engineer of the In- 
dianapolis and Bellefontaine Railroad, now part of the 
" Bee Line." From 1852 to 1854 he was chief engineer 
of the Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad, and from 
1854 to 1857 was president of the same. From 1857 to 
1859 he was president of the Indianapolis and Bellefon- 
taine road, and from 1859 to 1S61 chief engineer of the 
Indianapolis and Cincinnati road. When the war broke 
out he was appointed quartermaster-general of the state 
by Governor Morton. As such he had charge of the 
equipment of Indiana's first regiments, which were so 
promptly in the field. As general he commanded the 
first brigade of troops that went from the state. He 
was in the West Virginia campaign, and commanded at 
the battles of Philippi, Laurel Hill, and Carrick's Ford, 
all which he won. His first battle, that of Philippi, 
June 3, 1861, was the first battle of the War of the 
Rebellion. His campaign was with the "three months'" 
troops, and he was mustered out of service July 27. 1S61. 
At the termination of the three months' service, assur- 
ance was given General Morris that he should be imme- 
diately promoted to a major-general's command, but 
the army was rapidly supplied with general officers ap- 
pointed from citizens throughout the country, and his ' 
appointment withheld for fourteen months, and then a 
junior brigadier's commission was offered him. This | 
he declined, believing that justice demanded that the 
first position offered should have been given to him at 
once, and after such a long delay in recognizing his 
services, that self-respect required him to accept nothing 
but the first position that had been promised him. For 
the same reason he declined a junior major-general's 
commission, which was tendered him a short time after 
this. From 1862 to i866 he was chief engineer of the 
Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad, and during that 

time built the road from Lawrenceburg to Cincinnati. 
From 1866 to 1869 he was president and chief engineer 
of the Indianapolis and St. Louis Railroad, building the 
road from Terre Haute to Indianapolis. From 1869 to 
1872 he was receiver of the Indianapolis, Cincinnati and 
Lafayette Railroad, and in 1877 he was appointed as one 
of the commissioners to select plans and superintend the 
construction of the new state capitol. This position he 
now (iSSoj holds, and it was one his father held nearly 
half a century ago with reference to the old state capitol, 
which was torn down to make room for the new. The 
Madison and Indianapolis Railroad had been under- 
taken as part of the state system of internal improve- 
ments, built as far as Vernon, and then abandoned. 
Private corporations had been allowed to take charge of 
any of th« abandoned schemes of internal improve- 
ments, and General' Morris became the chief engineer 
of the company which assumed the construction of the 
abandoned railroad. There was no money with which 
to carry on the enterprise. General Morris conceived 
the plan of taking land for subscriptions to build the 
road, and rough-drafted a bill which the famous Jo- 
seph C. Marshall took in hand and successfully argued 
through the Legislature, authorizing the procedure. 
Under the bill lands were received by the road at an 
appraised value. Upon these lands scrip was issued to 
the amount of the appraisement. This scrip the company 
used to pay for the construction of the road, redeeming 
the scrip with lands on presentation. This is the first 
instance, so far as is known, by which land was used as 
the direct basis of railroad construction. The use made 
of it here was in fact to float a currency in a country 
where there was none, its redeemability being in land 
instead of specie. With the increase of the number of 
railroads centering in Indianapolis, General Morris con- 
ceived the idea of a system of union tracks and a union 
depot. He drew the plans and superintended the con- 
struction of that edifice, which was completed in 1853, 
and was the first union depot in this country. In this 
hasty review of a life which, from its early manhood, has 
covered a half century, it will be seen that one of its 
striking characteristics is its incessant activity. From 
the time he entered West Point, in 1830, a boy not yet 
out of his teens, to the present lime, when he is engaged 
in the construction of the new state capitol, there is 
hardly a period that has not its enterprise calling for 
active work. Another characteristic of it is, that these 
enterprises have without exception been of public con- 
cern. First in the employ of the United States, then 
of his state, he has since then been in succession at the 
head of various railroads, especially in their construc- 
tion and early management, and finally crowning his 
work by again being in the United States service dur- 
ing the war, and now again in the state service. Another 
fact, be it characteristic or a coincidence, this work has 



[7tk Dist. 

in full light the versatility, beauty, and force of his 
nature. And to whatever subject his attention may 
be called, though it be one which you would sup- 
pose to be utterly strange to his thoughts, he is en- 
abled upon the slightest meditation to impart an 
interest, a glow of life, that is surprising. In this re- 
spect Mr. Maynard's intellect is similar to that of 
Guizot, whom one could never surprise, but from whom 
you never failed to receive instruction. During the 
period of Mr. Maynard's connection with the Indian- 
apolis Sintinel it is universally conceded that he has 
contributed much to the extension of its usefulness and 
influence, and his impress is felt in its columns in a 
very decided manner. As a political writer it is no un- 
meaning eulogy to say that he has no superior in the 
state of Indiana, and no greater compliment to his ver- 
satility can be paid than the fact that as under his man- 
agement the commercial departments of the journals 
with which he has been connected as commercial editor 
were conducted with signal ability, so it can as truly be 
said that the political columns of which he has editorial 
charge have a dash and brilliancy of tone not excelled 
in the great metropolitan journals. His style is variable, 
and partakes largely of the character of his subject. 
He can, apparently without effort, glide from the for- 
cible and aggressive tone of the political philippic to the 
calm, dispassionate language of the philosopher. .Some 
of his political editorials bristle with combative energy, 
while all his efforts have a vigor and force characteris- 
tic of the writer. His style is often startling in its 
abruptness, and never fails to impress a reader with the 
sincerity of his convictions; his sarcasm is sometimes 
withering in its intensity; while a vein of originality 
runs through all his productions which stamps them as 
the work of a deep thinker and a sound logical reasoner. 
Having spent the best part of his life in journalistic 
work, it is as a journalist that Mr. Maynard is known 
and must be judged, and in criticizing the style, the 
precision, and the effects of daily editorials, one should 
at least be without prejudice, and disposed to charity. 
We notice this characteristic of Mr. Maynard, as we 
have noticed it in multitudes of other prominent men, 
that he has always been equal to the emergency, and 
that the emergency has never been sufficient to call into 
action the extremity of his resources. He has always 
had in reserve a capacity for greater achievements than 
those which have thus far claimed his powers. He has 
ever been superior to his position. Vet he has always 
lavished upon his tasks, whether trivial or important, 
an amount of intellectual vitality that would have won 
praise from the best intellects. Had he been un tram- 
meled, and able to pursue the bent of his inclinations, 
no one who is familiar with him will gainsay that such 
an extraordinary combinntion nf energy, thought, and 
judgment as we see in Mr. Maynai<l, would have been 

far broader in the area of its influence than circum- 
stances have permitted. The course of his life has been 
an unbroken chain of toil. Thousands upon thousands 
of a like free, open, and lordly nature, with less intel- 
lect, would have succumbed and been borne out of sight 
by the current of their own indifference and desperation. 
Mr. Maynard, with the mind and tenacity of a Balzac, 
has faced, fought, and overthrown opposition, and 
grasped only the laurel that grew upon the craggiest 
and bleakest peaks. And if his reputation to-day is not 
national or international, it is because circumstances over 
which he had no control would not permit it. 

Q!\ARVIN, THEOPHILUS, M. D., LL. D., ot In- 
di.f., dianapolis, was born in Buenos Ayres, South 
€^] America, January 9, 1829. His father. Rev. 
ZQ Theophilus Parvin, of Cumberland County, New 
Jersey, went to Buenos Ayres as a missionary, and subse- 
quently became professor of Greek and English in the 
university of that city. His mother, Mary Rodney, of 
Wilmington, Delaware, was the second daughter of the 
Hon. Caesar A. Rodney, who, after filling several promi- 
nent positions at home, among which were United States 
Senator and Attorney-general, was appointed minister to 
the United Provinces, and died at Buenos Ayres. When 
Indiana was a territory, there was a petition presented to 
Congress to legalize the holding of slaves in the terri- 
tory. This petition was referred to a committee of 
which Mr. Rodney was chairman. He reported the bill 
adversely. At his death he emancipated his slaves. 
Doctor Parvin's mother died when he was but a few days 
old, and his father when he was between six and seven 
years of age. Doctor Parvin graduated at the state uni- 
versity of Indiana in 1847. In 1852 he graduated at the 
Medical Department of the Pennsylvania University. 
The degree of LL. D. was subsequently conferred upon 
him by Hanover College, Indiana. In June, 1853, Doc- 
tor Parvin married Rachel, youngest daughter of the 
late Amos Butler, of Hanover, Indiana, and soon after 
moved to Indianapolis, where he has resided and prac- 
ticed ever since, with the exception of about two years, 
in which he resided at Cincinnati, Ohio. Doctor Parvin 
was professor in the Medical College of Ohio from 1864 
to 1869, and filled a similar position in the Medical 
Department of the University of Louisville from 1869 
to 1872. He is now professor of obstetrics and diseases 
of women and children in the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons of Indiana. He is a member of the In- 
diana State Medical Society, and an ex-president of the 
same body, and is a permanent member of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association. He is a gentleman of culti- 
vated literary tastes, an accomplished linguist, a pro- 
found scholar, and as a practitioner of medicine his 

»^ T^i'l-VT^v^ 

7th Dist.] 



success has been almost phenomenal. His many contri- 
butions to the medical literature of the day have made 
his name familiar as a househokl word in the profession, 
where he is universally honored and highly esteemed as 
a physician and a man. He is extremely reticent in 
manner, and so abhors publicity that the material for 
this meager and unsatisfactory sketch has to be obtained 
without his knowledge and consent, and is therefore in- 
complete in many details, but entirely reliable as far as 
it goes. He is a gentleman of fine physique, a splendid 
type of intellectual manhood, and at the bedside of the 
poor as well as the wealthy his presence is productive 
of hopefulness and encouragement. He is still a close 
student and in the very heyday of healthful and vigor- 
ous manhood. As a "representative" of all that is 
good in the medical profession, he has no superior in 
the state of Indiana. 

J|fRAVENS, JAMES H., of Ripley County. Among 
■jWi the men who acted a prominent and brilliant part 
Gff) in the early history of Indiana, James Harrison 
»i^ Cravens was long conspicuous. He was a native 
of Rockingham County, Virginia, where he was born 
August 12, 1S02. In early life he learned the gunsmith's 
trade, but was not destined to follow it. His natural 
gifts led him to the profession of the law, which he 
studied in the office of Col. John Kenney, of Harrison- 
burg ; and he was admitted to the bar, upon examina- 
tion, in 1823. His license is signed by Judges Smith, 
Stewart, and Brown. He entered upon the practice of 
his profession in Pendleton County, in his native state, 
at the town of Franklin, in November, 1S23 ; and was 
married December 23, 1824, to Sophia Capito. The 
marriage was a "runaway match," but a most wise and 
happy one. They left the Olil Dominion in 1S29, and 
in June of that year settled in JefTerson County, in the 
state of Indiana. He was a Whig in politics, and was 
elected to represent Jefferson County in the House of 
Representatives in the General Assembly, in the years 
1831 and 1832. This was a high honor for so young a 
man, and one so recently arrived, for Madison was at 
that time the leading city of the state in enterprise, 
thrift, and general intelligence. In March, 1833, he 
removed to Ripley County, and soon took a leading 
part in the business of his profession there, and also 
in the politics of the county. He was chosen Senator 
in the General Assembly by the Whigs of Ripley at 
the August election in 1839, and served two sessions 
only of his term, being called to another sphere of pub- 
lic duty before its expiration. It was while in the 
Senate that he was selected as one of the candidates 
of his party for elector of President and Vice-president, 
at the great Whig convention which assembled at In- 
dianapolis January 16, 1840. He entered at once upon 

the canvass, and by the remarkable ability, wit, and 
eloquence of his speeches won a high rank among the 
great orators who electrified the people of the state in 
that unprecedented political campaign, and earned it 
for the Whig ticket. He was a member of the elec- 
toral college that cast the vote of Indiana for General 
William H. Harrison tor President, and John Tyler for 
Vice-president. He was a man of great earnestness of 
convictions in politics, and after the death of President 
Harrison and Tyler's treason to the Whig party, made 
the following entry in the records of the family Bible : 

" For the Tyler vote, I have sorely repented, and 
hope that ray country will forgive me. 

" J. H. Cravens." 
As soon as Harrison was inaugurated he called an extra 
se^sion of Congress. This necessitated a special elec- 
tion, at which Mr. Cravens was elected to represent 
the Fourth District of the state in Congress, defeating 
the hitherto invincible Colonel Thomas Smith by a ma- 
jority of 1,030 votes. The district was then composed of 
the counties of Dearborn, Switzerland, Ripley, Decatur, 
Rush, and Franklin. While in Congress he was early 
drawn to the side of John Q. Adams, " the old man 
eloquent," and stood by him throughout his term in 
his battle for " the right of petition." He, also, found 
his own original hatred of the institution of slavery 
confirmed and strengthened by daily association with 
such men as Adams and Giddings, who gave him the 
honor of their friendship, which he retained as long as 
they lived. The convention of his party indorsed his 
course and action in Congress; but under the mistaken 
notion of rotation in office, nominated Hon. John A. 
Matson, to be his successor. But he was defeated by 
Colonel Smith, and the district has remained Democratic 
almost all the time since. Notwithstanding this very 
ungracious treatment of a faithful and efficient repre- 
sentative, the party could not do without him ; and in 
1846 it nominated ^nd elected him to represent his 
county in the House of Representatives of the General 
Assembly. His contest for this election was peculiar, 
and better than any other tends to illustrate the inde- 
pendent and manly character of the man. It was the 
first year of the Mexican War, and the pro-slavery feel- 
ing of the country was at its highest. Any opinion or 
effort looking to the curtailment of slavery in any re- 
spect was regarded as having a hostile tendency to the 
Union and was denounced by both Whigs and Demo- 
crats. No sooner had Mr. Cravens been nominated 
than Whigs were found to attack him on the ground of 
his votes in Congress for "the right of petition," and 
his known anti-slavery sentiments and opinions. Fore- 
most among his assailants was one John D. White, a 
man of some learning and ability, who had recently em- 
igrated into the county from Kentucky. He wrote 
some letters to the Whig organ of the county, strongly 



[7th Disi. 

setting forth the grounds of objection to Mr. Cravens as 
(he Whig candidate, and demanding his withdrawal from 
the ticket, and, in case of refusal, predicting his defeat. 
These attacks finally provoked him to make answer. 
In an address "to the Whigs of Ripley County," he 
made the following expobition of his views on the sub- 

"Without any agency on my part, and against my ex- 
pressetl wishes, you by your delegates assembled in con- 
vention at Versailles, on the 9th of May last, did me the 
honor to nominate me as your candidate to represent the 
county of Ripley in the next Legislature. So I was in- 
formed by a note from John D. White, Esq., as secretary. 
Since the nomination was made, I have learned to my 
surprise, that there is a good deal of dissatisfaction 
among the Whigs of our county, with my opinions as 
expressed in my speeches during the presidential can- 
vass of 1844, in reference to the re-annexation of Texas 
to the United States, and the institution of slavery as 
connected therewith; and that great objection is made 
to the concluding sentence of my letter to the Napoleon 
convention which nominated Mr. Eggleston as the 
Whig candidate for Congress in 1845, which reads as 
follows: 'With a great desire for the defeat of the can- 
didate who is in favor of the extension of slavery — the 
slavery territory — and the political dominion resulting 
therefrom, I remain your obedient servant.' 

" I beg leave to say now that I have not changed 
my opinion since that paragraph was written, other than 
to say, that as Texas is now a part of this Union, the 
nation is bound in good faith to protect and defend her 
in all her constitutional rights. 

"Again, I understand lliat a portion of the Whigs 
of our county charge me with being what they call an 
'Abolitionist.' If I knew in what sense they used the 
term Abolitionist, as applied to me, I would give a sim- 
ple answer, 'yes,' or 'no;' but inasmuch as I do not 
know what meaning they attach to it in reference to me, 
I deem it proper, in justice to them as well as to myself, 
to give my views of slavery as it exists in the United 
States; I. I consider slavery a great moral and political 
evil; 2. I am opposed to the extension of slave territory; 
3. I am opposed to the admission of any more slave 
states into the Union ; 4. I believe the admission of 
slave states into the Union out of territory acquired 
since the adoption of the Federal Censtitution, to be a 
violation of the spirit of that instrument; 5. I believe 
that whilst we are expending a million of dollars annu- 
ally for the suppression of the ' African slave-trade,' we 
ought not to expend millions for the promotion and ex- 
tension of the ' domestic ' or American slave-trade ; 6. I 
believe that Congiess has the power of regulating the 
inter-state slave-trade, and ought to exercise it ; 7. I 
believe that Congress has the power of abolishing slavery 
in the District of Columbia (the seat of the national gov- 
ernment), and ought to exercise it whenever a majority 
of the citizens of the district desire it to be done; and 
that the 'slave mart' there ought to be abolished imme- 
diately ; 8. I believe that whenever a proposition is 
made to the nation to extend the 'peculiar institution,' 
either directly or indirectly, that it then becomes, so far, 
ipso facto, a national question; and that the now slave- 
holding states, and their citizens individually, ought, in 
self-defense, both in a moral and political point of view, 
to make use of every constitutional means within their 
power to prevent so great an injustice; 9. I am utterly 
opposed to the abolition of the liberty of speech, and 

of the press, and of the right of petition ; 10. I believe 
the slave states, and slave owners have constitutional 
rights in reference to their slave property, with which 
the free states can not and ought not to interfere; nor 
ought their citizens individually to meddle with them, 
such as persuading a slave to escape from his owner, 
concealing them after they have escaped, and running 
them from the place clandestinely, or otherwise, with a 
view of aiding them in finally making their escape; II. 
I would not arrest and return to his owner, nor harbor, 
nor conceal a fugitive slave; 12. I should Ije more than 
gratified to see the slave states adopt some system of 
gradual emancipation by which we, as a people, should 
be entirely rid of slavery in some twenty-five or thirty 
years; 13. I do not believe the Whigs have — nor am I 
prepared to believe they will — incorporated a pro-slavery 
article in their political creed ; should they do so, they 
will drive many good and true men from their ranks, 
in grief and sorrow. 

"Such, fellow Whigs, are my views, freely and 
frankly expressed, without protracting this communica- 
tion by giving reasons and arguments, at this time, in 
support of each proposition. I am anxious to know, 
now, what you think of this matter. I am willing to 
serve you, in the present contest for a seat in the House 
of Representatives, if you desire it. If not, will you 
adopt some method to inform me of yolir wishes in the 
premises by the fifteenth day of July ? I am willing to sink 
with the Whig party, if need be, in defense of our prin- 
ciples, but I am not willing to fall by your hands. In 
times past I have fought in your ranks, and side by side 
with you, in many hard-fought battles, in which we have 
been defeated again and again by our opponents, and 
yet we are not vanquished. I ask, then, in deference to 
my old scars, if for no other reason, that I may not now 
be butchered by the Whigs of Ripley. Either release 
me from the obligation under which I am placed by the 
nomination, or assure me of your support; for I declare 
most solemnly that, aside from the desire to obey your 
will, to do my duty under all circumstances to my 
country, and to aid in the predominance of correct prin- 
ciples, I would not give the snap of my fingers for a seat 
in the Legislature, or any other office you might be dis- 
posed to confer upon me." 

It also appeared that many Whigs were opposed to 
him because a part of the Liberty party had avowed 
their determination to support him. This resulted from 
the fact that the convention of that party, upon learn- 
ing of Mr. Cravens's nomination by the Whigs, unani- 
mously resolved "to nominate no person as the Liberty 
candidate for the year 1846, believing that a suitable 
candidate had already been presented to the people, in 
the person of James H. Cravens, Esq., the Whig candi- 
date; and that they would most cheerfully unite in his 
election, regardless of party name." In answer to those 
who opposed him on this ground, he said: "I should 
be pleased to have the entire vote of Ripley County — 
Whigs, Democrats, and Liberty men." The result of 
the assault upon him was to bring the convention to- 
gether again, and, upon full consideration of the mat- 
ter, to procure him the unanimous indorsement of the 
body. Thus was a bold and manly avowal of his con- 
victions found to be sufficient to put down all opposi- 

■jth Dist.] 



tion, and to insure his triumphant election. In the 
session of the General Assembly that followed, he was 
regarded as the leader of his party, and might have been 
chosen the speaker of the House but for a treacherous 
defection, that for local purposes and personal ends de- 
feated the Whigs and threw the organization into the 
hands of their enemies. The only question of really 
great importance that was settled during the session was 
the policy of transferring to the bondholders of the 
slate the Wabash and Erie Canal, with the lands and 
other appurtenances belonging to it, in payment of one- 
half the state debt. The measure was then one of 
doubtful expediency, and in the light of a recent de- 
cision of the Supreme Court, may turn out even yet to 
have been but a mere pretense of satisfying any part of 
the debt, while the state will have lost a public work 
of real value and a large amount of very excellent 
lands. But be that as it may, it was opposed by Mr. 
Cravens and nearly thirty others with great earnestness 
and power. After the close of his service in the House, 
in 1847, he was not again, so far as we know, elected 
to any public civil office so long as he lived. This was 
at first due, no doubt, to his separation soon after from the 
Whig party. He regarded the nomination, by that party 
in 1848, of General Zachary Taylor for President as a 
long stride towards the surrender of the party to the 
slave power of the nation, and joined with others, like- 
minded with himself, in calling the Buffalo Free-soil 
Convention. He was a delegate to that body, and sup- 
ported its platform and candidates in many inimitable 
and masterly speeches. The party which he supported 
had just power enough to enable the Whigs to defeat 
General Cass, the Democratic candidate for the Presi- 
dency. The district Whig convention had offered him 
the nomination for Congress; but it had passed a resolu- 
tion justifying the war with Mexico, and asked him to 
indorse the platform and resolution. But he promptly 
refused, declaring with ringing voice : 

•'Gentlemen, I will not do it. If it were in your 
power to give me a seat in Congress for life, I would 
not do it." 

He was nominated on the Democratic ticket in 1850 
for delegate in the convention which was elected that 
year to revise the state Constitution. That party was at 
that time almost clean gone over to the Free-soil plat- 
form, and promised at an early day to become the 
leader of the anti-slavery people of the Union. It suc- 
ceeded in forming a union in many parts of the state 
with the old Liberty party. There were, however. Dem- 
ocrats enough in the county who still preferred slavery 
to freedom, and slave soil to free, to defeat his election. 
His colleague on the ticket. Colonel Thomas Smith, was 
elected; but Mr. Cravens was defeated by Doctor Henry 
J. Bowers, a coarse and entirely pro-slavery Whig, who, 
when the Democratic party became the advocate of 

slavery extension, fell naturally into its ranks, while Col 
onel Smith as naturally fell out of them. Notwith- 
standing he was unsuccessful in the contest, his canvass 
for the position displayed his devotion to human liberty, 
his great talents, and wonderful eloquence at their cul- 
mination. The question of shutting out the negro race 
forever from the state was raised by one of his oppo- 
nents on one occasion, and advocated with great bitter- 
ness and brutality. His reply was the most wonderful 
display of argument and passionate eloquence to which 
it has ever been our fortune to listen. It contained all 
the elements of the mighty struggle that has since 
made that unfortunate race free. It was wonderful, in- 
imitable, transcendent! He swept, like a tempest of 
fire, over the local question embraced in the proposi- 
tion, which subsequently became the thirteenth article 
of the state Constitution, and took up the duty of extir- 
pating the enormous crime of slavery from our social 
and political system, ending his peroration, brimful of 
every great sentiment and passion that ennobles human 
nature, with streaming eyes turned up to heaven, and 
with the glowing aspiration that the day might soon 
come when the government of the United States should 
be enabled to lift every human being in the country 
up from the degrading and beastly condition imposed by 
slavery, to that of freedom and citizenship of a nation 
too great, benevolent, and good to tolerate the oppres- 
sion of a single human being. He was nominated in 
1852 by the Free-soil Convention of the state of Indiana 
for Governor, but in the existing state of parties could 
only serve as a rallying point for the men who realized 
the dangers of slavery to the free institutions of Amer- 
ica, and nobly labored to prepare the people to meet 
them when they should burst upon them in the fierce 
fanaticism of crime. Defeat was inevitable from the 
first, but he never lost his confidence nor ceased to give 
his best labors to the cause of universal freedom. In 
1856 he was chosen by the Republican State Conven- 
tion as the candidate of the party for Attorney-general, 
and made a brilliant and able canvass for the young 
party in its first battle with the Democracy. It was his 
last political contest; but, though not elected, he was 
yet not defeated. He realized that that conflict was the 
beginning of the end ; that the pro-slavery Democracy 
would never win another national battle. At the next 
ensuing election Lincoln was chosen President, and the 
War of the Rebellion, already prej^ared, burst like a 
thunder-storm upon the new administration, in the 
morning of its power. True to his convictions of duty 
in peace, his fidelity and zeal rose to the fervor of a re- 
ligious enthusiasm. Although nearly threescore years 
old, he entered the military service of the country, and 
was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 83d Regi- 
ment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, under the heroic 
Colonel Benjamin J. Spooner. His age, however, did 



[ fth Dist. 

not permit him to remain long in the service ; but, 
while he stayed, he evinced a courage and heroism worthy 
of his whole life, and the cause of justice, freedom, and 
patriotism to which he had from the lirst dedicated it. 
He retired from the army on account of ill-health, that 
disqualified him for its hard duties. But though out 
of tlie service, he never missed an opportunity to help 
his country as long as a foe was in the field against it. 
When the fact that General John Morgan had invaded 
Indiana, and was advancing eastward along the line of 
the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad was announced, he ral- 
lied his fellow-citizens to resist the progress of the rebels, 
as fast and far as possible, at Versailles. But before an 
organization could be effected the arrival of Morgan in 
force put an end to Mr. Cravens's efforts. He and his 
men were mostly captured by the rebels, but it is said 
that his cool indifference to the situation, and spirited 
answers to Morgan's questions and threats, procured bet- 
ter terms both for himself and men than might other- 
wise have been looked for. It is said that Morgan told 
him that he understood that he was one of the original 
Abolitionists who had gotten up the trouble between 
the North and South, and asked him if he had been 
rightly informed? Colonel Cravens promptly answered, 
"Yes." Thereupon Morgan said, "Suppose I should 
hang you for it?" "Well," said Cravens, "suppose 
you should; you wouldn't cheat me out of many days. 
And I should die satisfied in having about lived out my 
time, and had a good time, while I did live." Then 
said Morgan, "They tell me you live in the little town 
of Osgood, up here on the railroad. I have a notion 

to burn it for you." " Burn it, and be d d. It 

isn't much of a town any how." After other talk of 
the same kind, Morgan let his prisoners have their lib- 
erty, if they would not organize and follow him. THie 
terms were the more readily agreed to on account of 
the lack of all necessary means to make pursuit avail- 
able to any hostile end. He lived more than ten years 
after the close of the great war, and saw the Constitu- 
tion so amended as to establish freedom throughout the 
whole country, and to confer citizenship upon all per- 
sons born in the United States, or naturalized under its 
laws, and an equal suffrage upon all, without distinc- 
tion of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 
He lived to see the states, after their terrible separation 
and strife, all again restored to the Union, and the peo- 
ple all seemingly glad of the restoration. And, finally, 
he saw the first great Centennial jubilee of his native 
land, witnessed the friendly greetings of all the nations 
of the earth to its government and flag, and knew that 
in a hundred years under its free government and insti- 
tutions it had accomplished more for the advancement 
of popular education, development, and happiness than 
all other nations had done in the same time. He had 
grown old with the century, and the weariness and suf- 

ferings of old age were upon him. He had suffered 
much during the last two preceding years, and felt that 
he needed rest. He was willing to die, and fearless of 
the dread secrets that lie beyond. He had never feared 
man here, and dreaded nothing in the unknown. A 
brave, upright, manly spirit bore him grandly to the 
abyss of death, and he entered it in peace December 4, 
1876. It was becoming and beautiful so to pass from 
the conflicts of earth, to abiding peace and eternal 

]^HANKLIN, JOHN GILBERT, of Evansville, Sec- 
^S retary of State of Indiana, was born at Evansville 
\Xp on the third day of May, 1841, and until the date 
■(C? of his induction into the responsible office which 
he now holds, has continued to reside in the place of 
his nativity, although having sojourned for temporary 
purposes at other points, as will be herein set forth, 
during several years of his life. Mr. Shanklin is the 
second son and third child of John and Philura Shank- 
lin, who were among the pioneers of the city of Evans- 
ville, and aided materially in giving tone and .sentiment 
to the society of the village, and towards the develop- 
ment of the moral, religious, and educational interests 
of the town almost from the date of its beginning until 
it became the second city of the state. John Shanklin 
was a native of the County Donegal, Ireland, where he 
was born near the close of the last century. He came to 
America w'hen a young man, and, after occupying a 
clerkship for a short time in some of the Eastern cities, 
he made his way to the Great West, where he engaged 
for a while in the work of school teaching. He began 
his business life as a general retail merchant at Hardins- 
burg, Kentucky, where he remained about two years. 
He then removed to Cynthiana, Posey County, Indiana, 
and continued the same business for a time, establish- 
ing an excellent reputation and gathering around him a 
business acquaintance, that was closely attached to him 
during the whole of his long and honorable career. 
He located at Evansville about the year 1824, when the 
town was in its infancy, and remained an active and 
prominent citizen till the time of his death. Here he 
was married about the year 1835 to Miss Philura French, 
an estimable lady who was a native of Vermont, and 
of patriotic genealogy, her parents, on both sides, hav- 
ing been of the best Revolutionary stock. The fruits 
of this union were four sons and one daughter. James 
Maynard Shanklin, the eldest son, lived to manhood, 
and became one of the marked young men of Indiana. 
His magnetic eloquence electrified many an audience, 
both before the bar and upon the hustings. At the 
breaking out of the great Civil War, in 1861, he was 
made major of the 42d Regiment of Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry, and during his brief career acquired meritori- 

ylh Dist.] 



ous distinction, having risen to the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel. At the battle of Stone River he was taken 
jirisoner by the Confederates and incarcerated at Libby 
Prison several months. In May, 1863, he was exchanged, 
and visited his parents at Evansville, when he was 
seized with illness and died very suddenly. The second 
child and only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Shanklin is 
the wife of Hon. John M. Harlan, of Kentucky, one 
of the judges of the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Mrs. Harlan is a highly accomplished and very 
charming lady, and is greatly beloved by a wide circle 
of acquaintances of the best society. The second son 
is the subject of this sketch. The third son, George 
W. Shanklin, Esq., is well known as the managing 
editor and political writer of the Evansville Courier. 
The youngest son, Henry Shanklin, died in infancy. 
John Shanklin was a leading merchant of Evansville 
for more than half a century. He was intimately con- 
nected with all the enterprises that inured to the wealth 
and progress of the city, and by prudent and timely 
assistance to settlers contributed largely to the develop- 
ment of the agricultural wealth of the surrounding 
country. He died in 1877, aged eighty-two years, uni- 
versally respected and sincerely lamented by a host of 
friends. His excellent helpmate preceded him to the 
grave about three years. In her day she was a leader 
in all good works, abounding in benevolence and char- 
ity, and « cnt finally to her rest, mourned not only by 
those intimate with her in private life, but by many de- 
serving persons who had been the recipients of her 
bounty and love. The early life of John Gilbert Shank- 
lin was passed in Evansville, where he received the 
rudiments of his education in the best schools the town 
at that time possessed. In 1857, at the age of sixteen 
years, he was sent to a seminary at Frankfort, Ken- 
tucky, to undergo a preparatory course of study before 
entering college. He began his collegiate career as a 
member of the sophomore class of Kenyon College at 
Gambler, Ohio, entering at the opening of the Septem- 
ber term, 1859. He pursued his studies at this institu- 
tion until the middle of his junior year, when he re- 
turned to Frankfort and read law in the office of his 
brother-in-law, Hon. John M. Harlan. He subsequently 
completed his legal studies in the office of Judge Will- 
iam F. Parrett, at Evansville, where he was admitted 
to the bar upon attaining his majority in 1S62. During 
the winter of 1865 he served in the capacity of an as- 
sistant secretary of the Indiana state Senate. In the 
month of May following Mr. Shanklin visited Europe, 
and traveled extensively through the cities and countries 
of the continent and in Great Britain, including the 
home of his father's childhood in Ireland. After spend- 
ing about a year in sight-seeing, Mr. Shanklin began 
the study of the German language at Brunswick, and 
completed his course at the University of Berlin. He 

acquired a fine command of the German language, 
which he speaks and writes with precision and correct- 
ness. In the fall of 1S68 he returned home highly 
pleased and benefited by his foreign travel and studies. 
During his absence in Europe his younger brother, Mr. 
George \V. Shanklin, had become the proprietor of the 
Evansville Daily Courier, and Mr. Shanklin at once be- 
came associated with him in the publication of this 
paper. The brothers sold the Courier establishment the 
following year to other parties, but repurchased it again 
in 187J, and continue the publication at the present 
time. As an editor Mr, .^hanklin evinced great versa- 
tility of talent, and demonstrated the fact that in the 
field of journalism he possessed a power that commanded 
attention and influence. To this chosen profession he 
will probably devote the best of his days, the pen be- 
ing his especial accomplishment. In 1870 Mr. Shanklin 
was nominated by the Democratic party of Vander- 
burg County for a seat in the state Legislature. He 
made a vigorous canvass, highly pleasing to his party 
friends, but suffered a defeat at the election in common 
with the entire Democratic ticket in that county, al- 
though he polled a vote far in excess of his colleagues of 
the same political opinions; his apparent defeat being 
in reality a fine personal triumph. At the Democratic 
State Convention held in Indianapolis on the 20th of 
February, 1S7S, Mr. Shanklin was nominated for the 
office of Secretary of State, against several of the oldest 
and ablest Democratic politicians who were his compet- 
itors. During the next summer he devoted his personal 
attention to the canvass, addressing the people day after 
day through nearly two-thirds of the counties of the 
state. He at once took a high rank as a political de- 
bater and as a popular orator. At the election in Octo- 
ber he was chosen by a majority of more than fourteen 
thousand votes. He entered upon his official duties on 
the seventeenth day of January, 1879, and has made a 
competent and popular official. Mr. Shanklin was reared 
in the Presbyterian faith, his parents having been devoted 
members of that orthodox Church; but he is not per- 
sonally connected with any religious organization. He 
is liberal in his views and tolerant of the opinions of 
others in matters appertaining to religious creeds. On 
the 14th of June, 1S79, Mr. Shanklin was married at 
" Hillside," Wyoming County, New York, country-seat of 
B. F. Avery, Esq., of Louisville, Kentucky, to the lat- 
ter's second daughter, Gertrude A. Avery. Mrs. Shank- 
lin is a lady of distinguished presence, and has enjoyed 
unusual advantages of education and travel. Of pleas- 
ing address and charming manners, she is an ornament 
to society and the light of the domestic circle. In 
June, 1S80, a child was born to them, a lovely, healthy 
cherub, around whom cluster their fondest hopes. In 
personal appearance Mr. Shanklin is a fine specimen of 
physical manhood. He is six feet two inches in height 



\fth Dist. 

and finely proportioned. He has a frank, open expres- 
sion of countenance, which makes friends wherever he 
goes. His only physical ailment is near-sightedness, 
with which he has always been troubled. In society Mr. 
Shanklin is especially attractive, possessing a mind well 
stored by years of study and travel, coupled with rare 
conversational powers. He is ready in repartee, apt at 
quotation, and pleasant in his manner of expression. 
A useful and successful career is open to him, for he is 
one of the influential men of the state, and his future 
promises yet greater distinction. 

fRAY, COLONEL SAMUEL F., was born in 
Knox County, Ohio, December i6, 1833. He was 
the third son and fifth in order of age of the fam- 
ily of eleven children of Reverend David Gray, 
who was a pioneer Methodist minister of high standing 
and extended influence in his time and locality. His 
mother was Naomi Softland, whose life was devoted to 
the care and well-being of her large family. Great en- 
ergy and rare good sense characterized her. The itin- 
erant calling of his father gave but poor advantages 
for education in his very early life to the subject of this 
sketch. He, however, managed to obtain a fair stock 
of knowledge from the country schools, and attended 
the "Ashland Ohio Academy," conducted by the late 
Col. Loring Andrews, afterwards president of Kenyon 
College, Ohio. Here the greater part of his education 
was obtained, but at the age of sixteen years he was 
apprenticed to a watchmaker and jeweler at Colum- 
bus, Ohio, to learn the trade. He succeeded in acquir- 
ing an excellent knowledge of the art, and at the age 
of twenty years went into business for himself in the 
flourishing little- town of Findlay, Ohio, where he re- 
mained until 1861, having established a good trade, 
whai, on the reception of the news of the defeat of 
the Union forces at Bull Run, the heart of the young 
man was tired with patriotism, and he felt it to be his 
duty to hasten to the defense of his country. He there- 
fore entered upon the task of raising a company of vol- 
unteers for the war, furnishing material aid, and aban- 
doning a prosperous business, like a true patriot, at the 
call of duty. When the company was full he look the 
second place, through choice, and was commissioned 
First Lieutenant of Com])any A, 49th Ohio Volunteers, 
and mustered into service August 22, 1861. Septem- 
ber, 1861, he was promoted to a captaincy. The 49th 
Ohio Regiment achieved a brilliant reputation for gal- 
lant service, from the time of it.-, joining Grant's forces 
at Pittsburg Landing, where it went into battle with 
its brigade April 7, 1S62. The position of the regi- 
ment was on the left of the brigade, connecting; on the 
right with Crittenden's division, maintaining this posi- 

tion under a hot fire until four o'clock in the afternoon. 
The regiment, with the enemy in full retreat, stacked 
its arms and lay down to rest. During the battle the 
regiment twice performed the hazardous movement of 
changing front under sharp fire. The 49th next was 
engaged in the siege of Corinth, having a brisk fight at 
Bridge Creek on the way, reaching Corinth on the 30th 
of May, 1862. It was sent on in pursuit of the enemy 
to Tuscumbia and Florence, thence to Battle Creek, 
Tennessee, where it joined in the movement after 
Bragg's army, which was then threatening the border 
cities. This- march was made under terrible suffering 
from intense heat, lack of water, and insufficient rations. 
Reaching Louisville the 29th of September, on the 7th 
of October the march was resumed under orders to join 
the main army. This march to Perrysville was charac- 
terized by daily skirmishing. At Lawrenceburg and 
Dog Walk were brisk engagements, in each of which 
the 49th Ohio was conspicuously active. This regiment 
and brigade then pursued the enemy to Crab Orchard 
and Bowling Green, and on the 5th of October was with 
the advance that raised the siege of Nashville. On the 
26th of December the regiment marched forward, and 
after four days constant skirmishing took position in line 
of battle on the extreme right of the great army before 
Murfreesboro, on the evening of December 30, 1862. 
At six o'clock the next morning Kirk's brigade, to the 
left and front, on the right, was furiously a.ssaulted by 
the enemy, and, giving way, was thrown back on the 
49th, which at once became engaged and was borne 
back by overwhelming numbers a mile and a half to the 
Nashville Turnpike, which it reached after an incessant 
conflict of nine hours. Friday, January 2, 1S63, two 
days later, the regiment occupied a position in reserve 
to the center, until late in the afternoon, when, upon 
the repulse of Van Cleve's division, it was ordered with 
its brigade to retrieve the fortunes of the day on that 
part of the field. It joined in a magnificent bayonet 
charge, which resulted in recovering the lost ground 
and a severe defeat to the enemy. In all these engage- 
ments young Captain Gray led his company to the front 
of the fray. W'hen the battle of Murfreesboro, or 
"Stone River" began, the entire field and stafi" of the 
49th were present; at its close it was in command of 
the junior captain, S. F. Gray, who was made major 
for gallantry on the field of battle. His military his- 
tory is therefore the history of his regiment, he having 
participated in all its battles, sieges, and marches, until 
his muster out — with rank of lieutenant-colonel — Octo- 
ber 4, 1864. It was mainly due to the personal ef- 
forts and exertions of Colonel Gray that the regiment 
was re-enlisted as veterans at Strawberry Plains, near 
Knoxville, in January, 1S64, under the most unfavor- 
able conditions. He commanded a veteran regiment as 
major and lieutenant-colonel in nearly all its battles, 

yth Dist.] 


and after July 4, 1864, was its highest officer, the 
command being below the minimum and not entitled 
to a full colonel. His regiment rendered distinguished 
service at Missionary Ridge, Liberty Gap, and Chica- 
mauga, where Colonel Gray was slightly wounded, but 
was able to remain on the field till the close of the bat- 
tle. He was in command of the regiment in this 
famous battle. At two o'clock P. M. on the 1st of Sep- 
tember, it became engaged with the enemy's right ; a 
charge was made and the foe retreated. In this charge 
the 49th captured two guns. On the second day of 
this battle the regiment was constantly engaged in 
various parts of the field, and accomplished a brilliant 
exploit in connection with Goodspeed's battery, the 15th 
Ohio, and other troops, which, it is claimed, saved 
Thomas's corps from being swept from the field. The 
enemy had broken through the national left, and were 
exultingly charging for the center, when the 49th faced 
to the rear and poured into the rebels a withering fire. 
From the other side of the circle Goodspeed's battery 
and the 15th Ohio delivered their destructive discharges, 
and the enemy was checked and sent back on his main 
body. When the national forces withdrew that night 
the 49th with Its brigade was the last to retire. At 
Mission Ridge the 49th, with conspicuous gallantry, 
was among the first to plant its colors on the summit. 
In the campaign against Atlanta the regiment partici- 
pated in the engagements at Dalton, Resaca, Dallas, 
Kennesaw Mountain, Chattahoochie River, and Atlanta, 
exhibiting in every emergency its qualities of courage 
and discipline, and suffering severely in the loss of men 
killed and wounded. Soon after his muster out. Colonel 
Gray's record at the state department, Columbus, Ohio, 
was such that he was offered without solicitation the 
colonelcy of a new regiment, with the command of a 
brigade in reserve, but having embarked in the manu- 
facturing of flax and hemp tagging, he was compelled 
to decline the offer. He continued in the business only 
three months, when he disposed of his interest to accept 
the agency of the through freight business of the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad at Indianapolis and contiguous terri- 
tory, remaining in this position fifteen years, or up to the 
present time. At the age of twenty-three years Colonel 
Gray was married to Miss Julia Druet. daughter of a 
physician of Findlay, Ohio. Their family consists of 
four children. Personally, Colonel Gray is an affable, 
genial gentleman, earnest and thoughtful, a stanch 
Republican, and devoted to the best interests of the 
country. His private record is above reproach, as his 
military record has been brilliant. He is a good hus- 
band, a kind father, and an exemplary and conscien- 
tious citizen. There are few men in Indiana who are 
more popular, or on whom the people more instinct- 
ively lean when an emergency arises. His judgment is 
excellent, and few errors can arise from following it. 


fEW, JOHN C, who has been honored by the posi- 
tion of Treasurer of the United States, is a native 
of Indiana, and was born at Vernon, Jennings 
County, Indiana, on the 6th of July, 1831. His 
father, John Bowman New, was from Guilford County, 
North Carolina, and was a pioneer to the Western Re- 
serve, coming to Indiana in 1816. He was an active 
citizen, a zealous Christian, and for many years an elder 
in the Presbyterian Church. He died at Indianapolis 
in the year 1873, ''ged eighty years. The mother of 
John C, who was a native of Gallatin Count), Ken- 
tucky, and named Mariah (Chalfant), survived her hus- 
band but a short time, attaining the same age. They 
were universally beloved by a host of dear friends, and 
respected by the entire community. The subject of 
this sketch obtained the rudiments of an education at 
the local schools of the time in Souihern Indiana, and 
then was sent to Bethany College, Virginia, an institu- 
tion of learning presided over by Rev. Alexander Camp- 
bell, D. D., the founder of the sect called Christians, 
one of the most profound scholars and greatest intel- 
lects of the age. Under the supervision and direction 
of this eminent instructor young New made rapid and 
thorough progress, and, after an attendance at the col- 
lege of four years, he graduated therefrom at the early 
age of twenty. After leaving college he returned to his 
home in Indianapolis, and commenced the study of law 
in the office of Hon. David Wallace, ex-Governor of 
Indiana. He applied himself with such success that in 
1852 he was admitted to the bar. For the purpose 
of familiarizing himself with the practical knowdedge 
of his chosen profession, he accepted the position of 
deputy clerk of the Marion Circuit Court, attending to 
a great deal of the business and routine work of the 
oflScc ; and upon the death of Hon. Wm. Stewart, then 
clerk of the court, Mr. New was, on the 20th of No- 
vember, 1S56, appointed to fill the vacancy for Mr. 
Stewart's unexpired term, performing the duties so ac- 
ceptably that, when the term of his appointment had 
expired, Mr. New was elected clerk of the courts by 
several hundred majority, although other Republicans 
on the same ticket were defeated, and the county was 
Democratic. After the expiration of his second term 
as clerk, he declined a re-election. Soon after leaving 
the clerk's office, the war being then in progress. Gov- 
ernor Morton appointed Mr. New quartermaster-general 
of the state of Indiana, and subsequently his financial 
secretary. This was a most important position, at the 
time, because of the failure of the Legislature to appro- 
priate money to carry on the war and the state govern- 
ment. The funds for these purposes were raised from 
private sources, and all distribution of moneys and man- 
agement of business affairs of the state were carried on 
by the financial bureau established by Governor Morton, 
and of which Mr. New was secretary. In the year 1862 


Mr. New was nominated for, and elected to, the state 
Senate from the Indianapolis District, and served with 
ability, although he was distinguished as the youngest 
member of that body. Three years later, in ii)65, Mr. 
New purchased a large interest in the First National 
Bank of Indianapolis, and became its cashier, and served 
as such officer and vice-president, and subsequently as 
president, during the ten years of his connection with 
this enterprise. This bank was the most successful 
moneyed institution of the state, and was managed with 
great financial ability. In April, 1875, Mr. New was, 
without his solicitation or desire, made the recipient of 
great public favor by his appointment, at the hands 
of President Grant, to the responsible position of Treas- 
urer of the United States, the most important position 
in the nation. During his official term the affairs of 
that office were so prudently and carefully administered, 
that notwithstanding its transactions and business liabil- 
ities involved the handling and disbursement of thou- 
sands of millions of dollars, yet when he voluntarily 
resigned the place, his accounts balanced to a cent, 
which is something marvelous, considering the immense 
business of the office. In July, 1876, Mr. New resigned 
his position as custodian of the money of the United States 
to give attention to his personal affairs. Since leaving 
the Treasury he has devoted himself to the management 
of his business. During the spring of 1880 Mr. New 
purchased the Indianapolis daily Journal, one of the 
most firmly established and best newspapers of the 
country, which under his management is eminently suc- 
cessful. In addition to the time and attention bestowed 
upon the Journal by Mr. New, he, as chairman of the 
Republican State Central Committee, is conducting the 
campaign for the state contest with great energy and 
skill ; while as a member for the state of the national 
committee, he is helping to shape the future political 
destiny of the republic. Mr. New has been twice mar- 
ried. His first wife. Miss Melissa Beeler, was the daugh- 
ter of a well-known pioneer and wealthy citizen of 
Marion County. By this estimable lady Mr. New has 
one son, Harry S. New, who is now a young man of 
about twenty-three, and is associated with his father in 
editing Vne Journal. Some time after the death of his 
first wife Mr. New was united in marriage to Miss 
Elizabeth R. McRae, of Virginia. She is one of the 
most beautiful and cultured ladies in the land, and was 
noted while at the capital of the nation for her statuesque 
beauty, her charming qu.alities as a leader in society, 
and the elegance that characterized her entertainments. 
The offspring of her marriage with Mr. New is two 
lovely little girls. Mr. New is yet young, not having 
attained the age of fifty years, is very prepossessing in 
appearance and genial in manner, yet of dignified bear- 
ing and self-poise, and the future undoubtedly has in 
store for him yet greater distinction. 


\7th Dist. 

CSHEEHY, THOMAS, editor of the i\ ester^i 
Citizen, was born in Ireland, September 29, 1849, 
and was educated at the Christian Brothers' School 
in Dingle, Kerry County, where he attended until 
1865, when he, at the age of sixteen, came, like many 
another young Irishman, to America to seek his fortune. 
He settled at Lafayette, Indiana. Being in very poor 
circumstances, he at once went to work selling papers 
for a living. He soon won the confidence of the pro- 
prietors of the hafnyette Journal, and was given a situa- 
tion in that office as an apprenticed bookbinder, wages 
three dollars per week, half of which he paid for board, 
and the other half he saved each week until he had a 
sufficient amount to send for his mother, three brothers, 
and two sisters. It must be remembered that Mr. 
McSheehy's father and grandfather were both Irish 
American citizens, but died prior to his coming to this 
country, hence the care of the family was thrown on 
the shoulders of this young man; in fact, while yet a 
boy he had this responsibility. By close application 
and strict attention he soon won for himself friends, 
and succeeded in accumulating some property. He 
came to Indianapolis in 1874, and was an employe of 
the Journal for two years, under the Ruckle adminis- 
tration. He at length concluded to start a newspaper 
in the interest of his people, the Irish element, and in 
1876 the Western Citizen was launched upon the sea of 
journalism. Being a close observer of events, and wish- 
ing not to be recreant in his duties or calling, he de- 
nounced the action of the Democracy toward the Irish 
people in strong language. The result was that several 
hundred Democrats stopped taking the Citizen, but this 
did not swerve him from the line he had marked out. 
He organized the first Irish Republican club in the 
state, and the result was that several others were organ- 
ized in 1878, and these clubs did and are doing excel- 
lent service. The Irish-Republican club of Marion 
County now numbers three hundred members, and is 
constantly receiving new recruits. To Mr, McSheehy 
is due much of the credit for this work. September 29, 
1875, ^I''- McSheehy was married to Miss Maggie Ryan, 
daughter of Thomas and Nora Ryan, in Lafayette, In- 
diana, at St. Mary's Catholic Church, by Rev. Dr. Hal- 
linan, one of the members of the faculty of Notre 
Dame University, both himself and wife being devoted 
adherents to the Roman Catliolic faith. June 6, 1879, 
the young editor was nominated by the Republican 
convention for the Legislature to represent Marion 
County. On account of his Republicanism he received 
a decided opposition from his own people, and was 
bitterly antagonized by the Democratic press, but by 
his energy, fluency of sjiecch, and earnestness, he won 
for himself the approval of the people, and was triumph- 
ant in the October election, and will no doubt be an 
influential factor in state legislation. 

7M Dist.'] 



CTjifLETCHER, CALVIN, was born in Ludlow, Ver- 
3I[T mont, February 4, 1798. He was a descendant, 
(TxJJ probably, of Robert Fletcher, who was of Con- 
^jff) cord, Massachusetts, in 1635; died April 3, 1677, 
aged eighty-five; had sons, Francis, Luke, William, 
and Samuel. His father, Jesse Fletcher, a son of Tim- 
othy Fletcher, of Westford, Massachusetts, was born in 
that town, November 9, 1763. He had fair advan- 
tages for an education, and was preparing for college 
under his elder brother, the Rev. Elijah Fletcher, of 
Hopkinton, New Hampshire, when the difficulties of 
the Revolution arrested his progress. He served in two 
campaigns of six or eight months near the close of the 
war. His brother Elijah was the pastor of the Church 
in Hopkinton from January 23, 1773, until his death, 
April 8, 1786, and his daughter Grace, a most accom- 
plished woman, was the first wife of Daniel Web- 
ster. Webster's" eldest son, who was killed at the 
head of his regiment at the second battle of Bull 
Run, in 1S62, was christened Fletcher Webster. When- 
ever Calvin Fletcher and Daniel Webster met their 
conversation was generally on the accomplishments of 
Mrs. Webster. Jesse Fletcher, in the year 1781, at the 
age of about eighteen, married Lucy Keyes, of West- 
ford, who was born in that town, November 15, 1765. 
They emigrated from Westford to Ludlow, Vermont, 
about the year 1784, and were among the first settlers 
of the place. From that time till the day of his death, 
in February, 1831, he resided on the same farm. He 
was the first town clerk there; was a justice of the 
peace, and the second representative to the general 
court from Ludlow, in which town all his fifteen chil- 
dren, excepting the oldest, were born. His widow died 
in 1846. Calvin, the subject of this sketch, was the 
eleventh of these fifteen children, most of whom, it 
is remarkable, lived to receive an education and go out 
into the world. Under the teachings of an excellent 
father and a mother of more than ordinary ability, 
young Calvin early learned those habits of industry and 
self-reliance which, coupled with upright principles, 
uniformly characterized his manhood-life. While per- 
forming all the duties exacted from a boy on a New Eng- 
land farm, he very soon manifested a great desire for a 
classical education. This desire was stimulated by the 
concurring advice of his mother and the witnessed suc- 
cess of his brother Elijah, who had, a few years before, 
completed his college course. Depending on his own 
earnings for the means of obtaining an education, he 
set about preparing himself for college through the in- 
strumentalities afforded him by brief periods of instruc- 
tion in the academies of Randolph and Royalton in 
Vermont. He had proceeded in his studies as far as 
Virgil, when pecuniary troubles and discouragements 
weighed upon his spirits. The father became finan- 
cially embarrassed. The older sons and daughters had 

left their native state, and, at the request of Calvin, 
his father "gave him his time," and he went from 
home. He made an effort at Boston to ship as a sailor 
before the mast, but did not succeed in the attempt. 
We next find him in Pennsylvania, where he engaged 
himself for a short time as a laborer in a brickyard. 
To show that his literary tastes were not impaired by 
his new and humble employment, it may be mentioned 
that he always carried with him a small edition of 
Pope's poems, which he read at each moment of leisure. 
But his brick-making came to an end in two weeks. 
His intelligence soon attracted the attention of a gen- 
tleman named Foot, by whom he was induced to go to 
the state of Ohio. There he first taught school at 
Urbana, county of Champaign ; was subsequently pri- 
vate tutor in the family of a Mr. Gwin, whose fine li- 
brary gave him a capital opportunity for reading ; and 
he finally studied law at Urbana with Hon. James 
Cooley, afterwards United States charge d'afi"aires in 
Peru. In 1819 he went to Lynchburg, Virginia, and 
was licensed to practice by the Supreme Court of the 
Old Dominion. At one time he thought of settling in 
Virginia, but even then his strong love of freedom and 
the rights of man made him renounce his intention, 
and caused him to return to Urbana, where he became 
the law partner of Mr. Cooley. Indianapolis was set 
apart for the capital of Indiana by the Legislature of 
that state January 6, 1821, and in October of the same 
year Mr. Fletcher, who had been married a few months 
previously, removed to Indiana's future seat of govern- 
ment. He was the first lawyer in the city, and no one 
certainly was more successful. Poor at the time of his 
location, his business, carefully attended to, became 
lucrative. For several yeai's he was prosecuting attor- 
ney. Amongst his partners at different times were B. 
F. Morris, Henry Gregg, Andrew Ingram, Ovid Butler, 
and lastly Simon Yandes. Says a contributor to the 
Indiana weekly Herald of June 2, 1866, to which paper 
we have been indebted for much of the materials for 
this portion of our sketch: "We had the gratification 
of hearing Mr. Fletcher argue one case, and but one, to 
a jury, that of J. B. Otey, who was tried in the United 
States court in 1841, for robbing the mail. The case 
was prosecuted by district attorney Gushing, of Madi- 
son, and Hon. John Pettit, of Lafayette. A,ssociated 
with Mr. Fletcher in the defense was Hon. Tilghman 
A. Howard. Mr. Fletcher's eflfort was able and suc- 
cessful. We remember also of one case being argued 
in the supreme court by the firm of Fletcher, Butler, 
& Yandes, while we were on the bench; there may 
have been others. On making the city his home, Mr. 
Fletcher actively interested himself in its prosperity. He 
was a member of the first fire company organized in 
it — the Old Marion. He won the confidence and re- 
spect of the people. In 1826 he wis elected first state 



\_7th Dist. 

Senator from Marion, Hamilton, and Hancock Counties, 
in which office he was continued till 1832, when he 
abandoned politics, though a successful career was open 
to him in that path had he chosen to follow it. In 
1S36, after the lamented death of Colonel Kinnaird, he 
replied to those soliciting him to become a candidate 
for Congress, that he preferred to adhere to his profes- 
sion, and educate his children." Mr. Fletcher was 
married to Sarah Hill by Rev. Samuel Hitt, May I, 
1S21, in the county of Cham]jaign, Ohio, about four 
miles from Urbana, the county seat. She was born in 
the county of ?-leming, Kentucky, to which state her 
parents removed from Virginia nearly a century ago, 
or about the time of the Daniel Boone immigration. 
The maternal grandmother of Miss Hill was an 
own cousin of John Randolph, of Roanoke. The 
children of Calvin and Sarah (Hill) Fletcher were, 
Tames Cooley, born April 15, 1S23; Elijah Timothy, 
born August 21, 1824; Calvin, born September 30, 1826; 
Miles Johnson, born June 19, 1828, died May 10, 1862; 
Stoughton Alphonso, born October 25, 1831 ; Maria 
Antoinette Crawford, born October 29, 1833, died April, 
1S60; Ingram, born June 22, 1835; William Baldwin, 
born .-\ugust 18, 1837; Stephen Keyes, born May 30, 
1S40; Lucy Keyes, born September 4, 1842; Albert 
Eliot, born October 19, 1846. Mrs. Fletcher died in the 
autumn of 1854. On the 5th of November, 1855, he 
married Mrs. Keziah Price Lister, who survives him. 
He became a corresponding member of the New Eng- 
land Historic-genealogical Society in i860, and made 
himself a life member in 1861. In a letter dated 

March 25, 1861, to Mr. John Ward Dean, then the 
corresponding secretary of the New England Historical 
and Genealogical Society, he writes thus concerning 

".\t that period [1S15], I had only had the advan- 
tages of two months each year at the school in the 
district where my father lived. For two years I labored 
for others, at wages a portion of the time, and the resi- 
due T spent at the academies of Randolph and Royal- 
ton, in my native state. In 1817, I determined on a 
seaman's life, and in April of the same year went to 
Boston, a total stranger, and tried my best to obtain a 
berth on board an East-Indiaman, but failed. I then 
turned my face toward the country west of the AUegha- 
nies. In two months I worked my way, mostly on foot, 
to the western part of Ohio, and stopped at Urbana, 
then the frontier settlement of the north-western part ot 
that state. 1 knew not an individual in the state — had 
no letter of introduction. I obtained labor as a hired 
hand for a short time, and then a school. In the fall of 
1817 I obtained a situation in the law office of the Hon. 
James Cooley, a gentleman of talents and fine education — 
one of a large class which graduated at Yale under Dr. 
Dwight. He was sent to Peru under John Quincy 
.\dams's administration, and died there. In the fall of 
1820 I was admitted to the bar, and became the law part- 
ner of my worthy friend and patron, Mr. Cooley. In the 
summer of 1821 the Delaware Indians left the central 

part of Indiana, then a total wilderness; and the new 
state selected and laid oft Indianapolis as its future 
capital, but did not make it such for four or five years 
thereafter. I had married, and on my request my 
worthy partner permitted me to leave him, to take up 
my residence at the place designated as the seat of gov- 
ernment of Indiana. In September of that year (1821) I 
left Urbana with a wagon, entered the wilderness, and 
after traveling fourteen days, and camping out the same 
number of nights, reached Indianapolis, where there 
were a few newly erected cabins. No counties had 
been laid off in the newly acquired territory ; but in a 
few years civil divisions were made. I commenced the 
practice of law, and for about t\\'enty-two years traveled 
over, twice annually, nearly one-third of the north- 
western part of the state ; at first without roads, bridges, 
or ferries. In 1S25 I was appointed state's atlorney for 
the fifth judicial circuit, embracing some twelve or fif- 
teen counties. This office I held about one year, when 
I was elected to the state Senate — served seven years ; 
resigned, and gave up official positions, as I then sup- 
posed, for life. But in 1834 I was appointed by the 
Legislature one of four to organize a state bank, 
and to act as sinking fund commissioner. I held ihis 
place also seven years. From 1843 to 1859 I acted as 
president of the branch of the State Bank at Indianap- 
olis, until the charter expired. During the forty years 
I have resided in Indiana I have devoted much of my 
time to agriculture and to societies for its promotion, 
and served seven years as trustee of our city schools. I 
have been favored with a large family — nine sons and 
two daughters. Three of the former have taken a reg- 
ular course and graduated at Brown University, Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, and three a partial course at the 
same institution. I have written no books, but have 
assisted in compiling a law-book. I have kept a journal 
of daily events, confined mainly to my own routine of 

Mr. Fletcher died in Indianapolis, May 26, 1S66, 
aged sixty-eight. His death was occasioned by a fall 
from his horse a few weeks previous. Mr. Fletcher was 
a strong man, physically, morally, and intellectually. 
In the early stages of his pioneer life he had to with- 
stand to the face, and at times with bodily force resist, 
those who attempted to deprive him of his rights. There 
were no courts there, at first, in the infant settlement, 
to take cognizance of breaches of the peace and of ill be- 
havior; but each man had to be, as it were, *' a law 
unto himself" — his own judge and executor. He was 
equal to the emergency, and when the trial of strength 
came could do justice to himself. In the same spirit he 
stood ready also to befriend those who might otherwise 
have been injured. He was a great lover of nature. 
He took much interest in the study of ornithology, and 
made himself familiar with the habits of birds, their in- 
stincts and characteristics. The domestic animals found 
in him a sympathizing friend. He was kind to them; 
ever ready to learn in regard to their particular dispo- 
sitions and qualities, using such knowledge, when ob- 
tained, to their advantage. He was fond of the science 
of astronomy, and, in fact, of almost every thing that 
was elevating and ennobling. In his well-selected li- 

ylh Dist.'] 



brary of general literature, in addition to law-books, 
might be seen in close proximity, local histories, peri- 
odicals, the works of Audubon, school journals, and 
miscellaneous works. He availed himself of the oppor- 
tunities afforded him, as one of the pioneers, and a con- 
tinued resident of Indianapolis, to collect and preserve 
local news])apers, books, and magazines. These ac- 
cumulated volumes of Western literature are now the 
property of the Indianapolis Library. He was a man 
of method. Usually he would rise at four o'clock in the 
morning, and attend to his correspondence till breakfast ; 
then be off to give directions in regard to his farm of 
one thousand six hundred acres, situated about two 
miles from his residence. On his return he would en- 
gage in his duties at the bank or other employments — 
always on the move, ever active, ever accomplishing 
important results. On his death the bankers of the city 
held a meeting at which resolutions of sorrow and re- 
spect were passed. An old and valued friend of Mr. 
Fletcher, who was prevented from being present at the 
funeral obsequies, wrote to the Gazette zs follows: 

" The record on earth of a most useful and valued 
pioneer of the city of Indianapolis is closed in the de- 
cease of Calvin Fletcher, on Saturday, the 26th of May, 
instant. How exceedingly trying and painful this sad 
breaking up is, of the companionship of those who have 
been tenderly endeared in the trials and joys, the fears 
and hopes of the earliest forest days of this then pro- 
spective seat of state government, none can feel as do 
those few who yet survive. This sadness is only alle- 
viated by the humble but undying assurance that the 
links of these attachments of nearly fifty years are only 
being opened that they may be eternally rebound by the 
kind hand which has mercifully kept us in all the past. 
The multitudes, in this community and in the West, 
who have for many years felt it to be their highest 
honor to be known as the friends of Calvin Fletcher, 
will only need to be assured by his early associates that 
the bright and mature development of his character is 
only what might have been expected in the ripened 
shock in the ear, from Us j>romise in the grain-seed. 
His benevolence and kind regard for the needy were 
always effectual but quiet — his fidelity to every trust 
marked and reliable — his efficiency and decision in 
standing for the right at all hazards always sure. When 
a young lawyer, and with his gentle wife from Ohio, in 
the first week of October, of 1821, he unloaded his wagon 
of householdings and booksat a cabin he had rented, sit- 
uated at the corner of Washington and Missouri Streets, 
near the State-house, in this city, how little was anticipated 
by tlie passing settlers the influence the new-comer 
would exert on the future of our prospective city and 
the region surrounding! Mr. Fletcher was so untiring 
in his energy, both in his legal study and practice, so 
faithful to his undertakings and reliable in his counsels, 
that the confidence early placed in him by the commu- 
nity and the citizens of the adjoining counties, con- 
tinued unabated to the end. Although unassuming as to 
seeking official position, and reluctant to be prominent in 
public leading, yet when yielding to the urgency of 
friends, as in the discharge of senatorial duties in our 
state Legislature, and in giving valuable direction in 
the establishment and conducting of the State Bank of 
c— 18 

Indiana, the reliance placed in the judgment, integrity, 
and efficiency of Mr. Fletcher ever proved to have been 
well founded. In one leading trait his course was 
marked and earnest. No poor man ever applied to 
Calvin Fletcher in his need, either for counsel or assist- 
ance, and was sent empty away, and when the friends 
of the colored man, fleeing from bondage, were few and 
unpopular in this community, his sympathy and assist- 
ance were never withheld. Since its organization, for 
thirty years, Mr. Fletcher has been the faithful secre- 
tary of the Indianapolis Benevolent Society, loving and 
working in it, as a channel of reaching the wants of 
the truly needy of our city. By his being called from 
this and other kindred labors, his early associates are 
left, as the crippled soldiers around us are, with a lost 
arm, for which, for a brief remaining time, a limb in 
form may be substituted ; but the \\'arm hand of vigor 
is never again to be grasped, nor our broken cherished 
intercourse renewed until we all gather again in the 
eternal city. The prudent, excellent judgment, and un- 
wearied industry of Mr. Fletcher were crowned with 
abundant success in his constantly increasing wealth, 
from his legal pursuits in his early days, which were 
succeeded by extensive agricultural investments in later 
times, and with large banking engagements in connec- 
tion with his efficient and judicious copartner, Thomas 
H. Sharpe, Esq. In the year 1829 Mr. Fletcher made 
a profession of Christian faith, uniting with the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, in which he remained a prom- 
inent, valued, and liberal member during life. His 
hand, however, was open for the assistance of other 
evangelical Churches of the growing city, in none of 
which, it is believed, were his contributions wanting to- 
ward the erection of their houses of worship and the 
support of their ministers. This large-heartedness was 
manifested in his cordial acquiescence in his children 
uniting with no less than four different evangelical 
bodies. And of his large family, reared by example and 
faithful counsel, in earnest diligence and integrity, our 
lamented friend might justly have repeated the response 
of the Roman matron to the inquiry for her treasures, 
when she presented her sons as her jewels." 

The Indiana weekly j%nr/</ in continuation says: 

"As a citizen, he gave his liberal and great influence 
in behalf of our noble public charities, and as one of 
the commissioners he assisted in organizing our asylums. 
His liberal hand contributed to every moral undertak- 
ing. On retiring from the practice of law, he became 
a banker, which business he continued till his decease, 
though all the time extensively engaged in farming. 
He was president of the Indianapolis branch of the old 
State Bank. At his death he was the leading member 
of the wealthy banking-house known as the Indianapolis 
Banking Company, and sometimes as that of Fletcher & 

The character of Mr. Fletcher is thus portrayed by 
Hon. Oliver H. Smith in his " Early Indiana Trials 
and Sketches," page 582 : 

" He was a remarkable man. He combined all the 
elements of an effective pioneer in a new country — an 
iron constitution, clear and vigorous common sense 
mind, an energy that never slumbered, integrity never 
questioned, a high conception of morality and religion, 
social qualities of the first order, a devoted friend to the 
cause of education, a good lawyer, and a forcible 
speaker. It was not strange that he should have occu- 



[yth Dist. 

pied a prominent position. Whether at the bar, in the 
Senate of the state, president of the bank, in the Sab- 
bath-school, or the free common schools, in the Church, 
or in the extended tield of agriculture, he had no com- 
peer. It may be said truly, that Calvin Fletcher has 
done more to stamp society at Indianapolis with the 
true principles of civilization and Christianity than any 
other man, living nr dead." 

Hon. Daniel D. Pratt, formerly a Senator from Indiana, 
an able lawyer and eloquent orator, studied law with 
-Mr. Fletcher at Indianapolis. In response to a letter 
of inquiry he wrote as follows : 

"Of late years my acquaintance with him has been 
fragmentary. I can only speak of him with confidence 
as I knew him while a student in his office, and for the few 
years afterwards while he continued in the practice of 
the law, during which time I maintained close profes- 
sional relations with him. In the fall of 1833 I entered 
his office. He was then about thirty-five years of age, 
possessed of a large practice on the circuit and in the 
supreme court, standing by common consent at the head 
of the profession in Central Indiana, and commanding 
the unqualified confidence of the community. He fully 
deserved that confidence. Scrupulously honest, fair in 
his dealings with his clients, untiring in their interests, 
I do not think I have ever met a man in the legal pro- 
fession of greater activity, energy, earnestness, and ap- 
plication to business. He forgot nothing, neglected 
nothing necessary to be done. This was the great secret 
of his professional success. He was a very simple man 
in his tastes. Though possessed of ample means, no one 
could have inferred it from his manner of life. His 
family lived and dressed plainly. He was himself with- 
out a particle of ostentation ; republican simplicity 
characterized every phase of his life at home and abroad, 
in his dress, furniture, table, and associations. He was 
fond of the society of plain, unpretending people. The 
humblest man entered his house unabashed. He took 
pleasure in the society of aspiring young men and in 
aiding them by his counsel. He never tired in advising 
them; in setting before them motives for diligence and 
good conduct and examples of excellence. He was fond 
of pointing to eminent men in the different walks of 
life, of tracing their history, and pointing out that the 
secret of their success lay in the virtues of diligence, 
continuous application to a specialty, strict integrity, 
and temperance. iMany young men of that period owe 
the formation of their characters to these teachings of 
Mr. Fletcher. He taught them to be honest and hon- 
orable, to be just, exact, prompt, diligent, and tem- 
perate. He was himself a shining example of all these 
virtues. They formed the granite base of his character. 
Others will speak of the religious phase of his life. It 
was not common in those days to find men of the legal 
profession of deep religious convictions and illustratmg 
those convictions in their every-day life an'd conversa- 
tion. But Mr. Fletcher belonged to this exceptional 
class. Religious exercises in his family were habitual. 
He was a constant attendant at church, and gave lib- 
erally to the support of the ministry. The success of his 
Master's kingdom upon the earth lay very near his 
heart. He regarded religion as forming the only re- 
liable basis for successful private and national life. In 
his death the world has lost a good man who con- 
tributed largely in laying the foundations not only of 
the city where he dwelt, but of the state itself. He 
was one of its pioneers and leading men. His voice 

and example were ever on the side of virtue, and he 
contributed largely in molding the public character." 

The Rev. Edmund Squire, of Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts, an intimate friend and admirer of Mr. Fletcher, 
and for a time located in Indianapolis, thus wrote : 

"He was a man made by God to be the pioneer of 
generations: a Joshua m the wilderness to lead them 
into the promised land. Such men are the prophets of 
peoples yet to come. He was eminently a practical 
man, that is a man who prophesies and accomplishes 
difficult things. He was a seer, a man who sees things 
afar off, through all mists and labyrinths; who looks 
also into men's hearts, and through all disguises pene- 
trates to the truth. His eye revealed this — no keener, 
more telescopic, ever looked ahead. He was a man of 
strong will (that backbone of a man) ; once seeing the 
truth, he advanced towards it with a perseverance that 
never relinquished the prize, but pressed on till it was 
gained. He was a hard worker, he believed in the 
omnipotence of labor, and was himself an incarnation 
of his faith; he utterly despised the present contempt 
of labor. He was accordingly a successful man ; orig- 
inally poor, he amassed great wealth. Independence 
of mind was one of his attributes, not what was the 
fashion, but what was the truth, was his final question. 
An original thinker, all other men's thoughts he seemed 
to take as tools wherewith to fashion his own. He was 
accordingly a true judge, from whose verdict there was 
small appeal. This attribute he carried into religion. 
Amid all the battle of the sects he fastened his eye on 
the great Captain alone, and followed him. He was 
mighty in the Scriptures, especially of the Old Testa- 
ment. No clergyman that I ever knew so wonderfully 
applied them to the present time. He raised their heroes 
from the dead, and made them walk among the men 
and women of to-day. He was a man of courage ; 
when to be a friend of the slave was not only unfash- 
ionable but dangerous, he, at the risk of his life, forced 
his way into a so-called court of justice, where a mob 
thirsted for a slave's blood, and fastening his eye on the 
judge, by a few strong words of truth changed the com- 
ing doom and gave the man his life. Lastly he was 
like all men of power in this age, exceedingly rapid in 
thought and action ; before others had begun the argu- 
ment he had concluded it, and was off. I think I 
never saw him sit entirely still; repose was not his dom- 
inant characi eristic. He was like a bird on the bough. 
Calvin Fletcher was not a perfect, but he was a very 
remarkable man, one of the fathers of his city and of 
the West. Such another man I have never seen, and 
never expect to see again." 

A funeral discourse was preached by his pastor, the 
Rev. A. S. Kinnan, from the text : "Yea, though I walk 
through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear 
no evil; for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff 
they comfort me." — 23d Psalm. 

Calvin Fletcher is dead. He closed his eventful life 
on the 26th, inst., being in the sixty-ninth year of his 
natural life. Few men in the state were more exten- 
sively known, and thousands of citizens have felt a 
shadow fall upon their hearts as they have learned of 
his departure. As a citizen, a statesman, a business 
man, a Christian, and a father, the state and family 
have lost a model man and parent, and have nothing left 
but the memory of a name, which, though precious, 

jth Dist.'l 



can never be a substitute for his living presence. Calvin 
Fletcher was born at Ludlow, Vermont, February 4, 
1798. From his private journal of April 7, 1865, I am 
permitted to extract the following respecting his early 

"April II, 1S15, when I was seventeen, I left my 
dear home with reluctance, and wallced some forty 
miles, and obtained work for six months. I labored the 
ensuing half year, and did not lose a single day ; indeed, 
I gained three days by the taslis I took. I comntitted 
many chapters in the Bible and hymns in Watts. I 
traveled eight miles and back to church each Sunday. 
In September of tliat year an elephant, the first live one 
that I ever heard of, came through New England and 
exhibited at Woodstock.* Scarcely a man, woman, or 
child but went. I could not spare the time and would 
not go. On the loth of November, went to school at 
the academy at Royalton, Vermont. I had no time 
to lose — a day was precious. I felt that I had to pre- 
pare to meet the battle of life. Education I had learned, 
especially from my mother, was power — was the lever 
that would raise me to respectalsility and honor. In 
my last days I am pleased to remember that I lost no 
time, wasted no means, but did the best my ability and 
opportimity afforded." 

in many respects he was a remarkable man. Few 
men, as men, have ever given more continuous evidence 
to the world of being equally poised than he. He was no 
strong man in one direction and correspondingly weak 
in the opposite; but strong on all sides. In his private 
life, few men have ever lived more fully without reproach. 
His habits and dispositions were all in harmony with I 
the highest morality and intelligent manhood. In the I 
family he was a model of patience, aflection, diligence, 
and control. I need but allude to the fact that his sons 
and daughters, dead and living, have all made, and 
are now making, human life a success, to prove the 
strength of this assertion. I dare speak of Miles J. 
Fletcher in this connection, the only son who has pre- 
ceded him to the spirit world, having personally known | 
him to be one of the purest-minded, high-toned Chris- I 
tian gentlemen found among men. Calvin Fletcher 
ever esteemed the father the priest of the household, 
and responsible for the religious culture of his family. 
He was accustomed, on returning from church, to re- 
hearse the sermon before the family, and enforce its 
teachings upon his children. Not a month before his 
death he told me he had every sermon he had heard 
for the past year in his church. He maintained family 
pray'er in his house for thirty-six years past. When in 
the midst of his success as a lawyer, he laid down his 
profession that he might more fully meet his responsi- 
bility as a parent, and by good government and render- 
ing his home attractive, secure the well-being of his 
children. As a business man, he was before you an 
epistle, known and read of all men. His business life 
was a remarkable success. The secret of his success lay 
in the following characteristics: I, honest labor; 2, care- 
ful calculation; 3, frugality; 4, promptitude; 5, never 
going into debt; 6, doing one thing at a time; and 7, 
perseverance. This will indicate to you at once that he 
had a plan of life; and being humble, God blessed his 
endeavors. No man meeting Mr. Fletcher would have 
seen any display of wealth and position. Who ever 

»The New York Sun. in li 
exhaustive article on the fiis 
United Slates, and stated th.nt 
any knowledge arrived in 1818. 
count of an e]eph;M)t in the Un 

9. gave what pnrportcd to be an 
nienaEeries ever formed in the 

e first eleph.iiit of which they had 
But we have an nndonbted ac- 

ed States as early as t8i5. 

saw him drive a fast horse down street, with a cigar in 
his mouth, smoking under a heavy mustache, as if the 
woods were on fire ? Enter the house of God, and 
there you see him displaying no more show of wealth 
and position than the little children among whom he 
might chance to sit, as he did in the gallery the last 
time he ever entered the sanctuary, all the while mak- 
ing notes of the sermon. Of him it can never be said, 
" He was puffed up," or that he drowsed or slumbered 
where known duty waited. He was deeply impressed 
with the importance of his time, and even before his 
conversion felt the very great responsibility of rigidly 
improving it. He was always an early riser, and when 
in the full career of law, usually performed as much pro- 
fessional labor before eight o'clock in the morning as most 
men would do all day. The early annals of Indianapolis 
will show how great an interest he took in the welfare 
of his adopted home. The early pioneers of this city who 
still survive, will bear witness to the fact that there was 
scarcely a meeting to promote education, religion, or 
city or state improvement, at which Mr. Fletcher was 
not present. His journal of January i, 1833, contains 
the following, in which Mr. Fletcher's spirit and char- 
acter are further illustrated: 

"I should return with gratitude, praise, and thanks- 
giving on this day to Him who has watched over me 
and mine for the last year. None are missing ! How 
little do I deserve such mercies ! Once my professional 
cares were the bane of all enjoyment. My fears 
made me miserable. I do not look on defeat as so 
ruinous as I once did. I have learned, thank God, 
some lessons of patience. I feel it my duty to double 
my diligence, to suffer no man's business to receive an 
injury by my negligence. No, I will try to render unto 
every one his just due." 

As a citizen he was ever interested in the politics of 
his country ; and in his last hours he expressed his en- 
tire confidence in the ultimate success of the principle 
of freedom, in spite of all opposition. In 1827 he was 
elected state Senator, to which place he was afterwards 
re-elected ; but in 1833 he resigned his position, and 
never afterwards entered the political arena. His in- 
terest in, and support of his country in her recent trial 
is known to all, and needs but to be mentioned to be 
appreciated. He said to a friend at one time : 

"I have resolved, if need be, to lay the whole of my 
property on the altar of my country, so that I may do 
all that I can to leave my grandchildren liberty, if I do 
not leave my children a fortune." 

Early in the history of his life he washed his hands 
from the guilt of that sum of national villainies, Ameri- 
can slavery. He was an Abolitionist when it cost some- 
thing to be one. He once said to one of his sons, 
" When I am in the court-house engaged in an impor- 
tant suit, if the Governor of the state should send in 
word that he wished to speak with me, I would reply 
that I could not go; but if a Quaker should touch me 
on the shoulder and say, 'A colored man is out here in 
distress and fear,' I would leave the court-house in a 
minute to see the man; for I feel that I would have to 
account at that last day when He shall ask me if ' I 
have visited the sick and in prison or bondage, and fed the 
poor.' The great of this world can take care of them- 
selves, but God has made us stewards for the down- 
trodden, and we must account to him." These old anti- 
slavery men are now being gathered to their fathers, 
but the nation owes them a debt of gratitude never yet 
paid. Thank God, that Mr. Fletcher lived to see the 
bond go free. Like Simeon of old, he and his co- 



[yth Dist. 

laborers are now permitted to say for themselves, "Let 
thy servants depart in peace, for our eyes have beheld 
thy salvation." Bill I point you to him as a Christian. 
If the sentiment, " By their fruits ye shall know them," 
be the criterion of Christian character, then I would 
point you to every Protestant Church of this city, and 
nearly all of this county; I would point you to the 
school-houses and seminaries ; I would point you to our 
houses of charity and asylums ; I would point you to 
hundreds of minister's wives and hungry children ; I 
would point you to all the benevolent societies for the 
poor, and the maimed and oppressed; sixteen persons 
that he educated during his life out of his own funds, 
and say, Calvin Fletcher has stock in them all ; and 
thus "he being dead yet speaketh." No man could 
love and respect the Bible and the minister more than 
he. lie was a constant student of the one, and hearer 
of the other. Among the very last things he said was 
to .speak of his love and respect for his pastor, and the 
last rational recognition was to recognize the Bible 
under the most touching circumstances. The oldest and 
youngest son had arisen to take their turn in watching 
with him. He had been unconscious for many hours. 
His oldest son had brought in the large family Bible 
for personal use, and while sitting by his side he opened 
his eyes, and, recognizing the Book of God, he nodded 
his head and smiled in the most grateful and pleasing 
manner. The last entry in his diary closes thus : 

"Sunday, February 4, 1866. — Sixty-eight years old. 
Born on Sunday ; a happy day to me. What makes 
this day more dear to me, is that I was born on it. 
May God sanctify this holy day, the Sabbath, to my 
use and salvation. It has always been a dear and 
blessed day to me. May God strengthen and go with 
me as he permits me to walk into a new year of my 
life — perhaps the last. May I live in readiness to meet 
his last call on earth with lamp trimmed and ready to 
enter into the morning feast. He has been present 
thus far to sustain me, and, like a kind father, forgiving 
and merciful. May I have the Spirit with me to teach 
and instruct me— that old age will not be marked with 
mental imbecility, impatience, and want of faith, but 
may I be constantly in the spirit, in love and in union 
with Christ." 

This was the last entry in his journal — the closing 
paragraph of a great and good man's life. It needs no 
comment further than to say, as a prayer it was an- 
swered in a remarkable manner. He was full of grati- 
tude to God, and said that while he was in the valley 
of the shadow of death, he realized more fully than 
ever his own unworthiness and that Christ was his only 

^^ anapolis, was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, No- 
VLA^ vembcr i, 1843, and at this writing is exactly 
^^ thirty-seven years of age. Few men of this age 
have attained such distinction in any profession, or filled 
so many responsible and honorable positions. His col- 
legiate education was obtained at the Indiana Asbury 
University, at Greencastlc, Indiana, and he subsequently 
studied medicine at the Medical College of Ohio, at 
Cincinnati, whence he was graduated M. D. in March, 
1808. Immediately after his graduation he settled in 

his native city of Indianapolis in the general practice 
of his profession, but making a specialty of diseases of 
the eye, ear, and nose, in which branches he is univer- 
sally regarded as an expert, and in which his practice 
has reached immense proportions. His success in these 
specialties has been almost phenomenal, while his gen- 
eral practice is scarcely second to any practitioner in 
the city or state. Doctor Wright is a member of the 
Indiana Academy of Sciences, and in 1868 was its secre- 
tary. He is also a member of the Marion County 
Medical Society, and of the Indiana State Medical 
Society. In 1869 he was demonstrator of anatomy in 
the Indiana Medical College, and subsequently professor 
of materia medica and therapeutics in and secretary of 
the same institution, and afterwards its president. He 
is also member of the staff at the City Hospital, and 
physician to St. John's Home for Invalids. In 1875 ^^^ 
1876 he was president of the Indianapolis Board of 
Health ; was president of the Indiana Medico-Legal 
Fraternity in 1877 and 1878, and at present fills the 
chair of materia medica and therapeutics in the Medical 
College of Indiana, the Medical Department of Butler 
University. During the War of the Rebellion he held 
the position of quartermaster's sergeant of the camp of 
instruction, and afterwards was superintendent of com- 
missary stores at Nashville, Tennessee, and chief clerk 
of the chief commissary of the subsistence department 
of Kentucky, in the Union army. Doctor Wright's 
contributions to the medical literature of the day have 
been numerous and important, covering the whole pe- 
riod of his professional life. His thesis on "Spontane- 
ous Evolution " was published in the Western Journal of 
Medicine in March, 1868, and his reports on "Diseases of 
the Eye and Ear " in the Transactions of the Indiana State 
Medical Society for 1870-1. He was for some time editor 
of the Indiana Medical Jcnirnal, to which he contributed 
many editorials, reports of cases, etc., which attracted 
wide-spread attention. In literary circles, outside the 
profession, Doctor Wright has always been a moving 
spirit, and has been active in the organization and "sup- 
port of some of the most important in the city of Indi- 
anapolis. He has been president of the Scottish Rite 
Dramatic Association ever since its organization ; and in 
this field of art evinces an originality and versatility 
rarely found in amateur organizations. Since the incep- 
tion of the Indianapolis Shakespeare Club he has also 
filled the position of president. In the Masonic Order, 
of which he is an active member, he attained the 
Thirty-third Degree, September 18, 1878, and is a mem- 
ber of Rapier Commandery, No. I, of Indianapolis, 
Knights Templar, which has recently won for itself a 
national reputation. Doctor Wright is also a member 
and medical examiner of the Order of Knights of 
Pythias. In politics he is an ardent Democrat, and 
says he has no religion, which means that he is no 

'^^JiBmj^^^jEMiw^^ ^ 

'JTvA^, //t^iC^^^^^:^:l^-t7^>^r^^ 

1th Di'st.] 



sectarian, and is inclined to be liberal to all sects and 
creeds. In November, 1870, Doctor Wright married 
Miss Anna Haugh, of Indianapolis, and their family 
consists of two children, a boy and girl. The old adage, 
that a prophet is without honor in his own country, 
seems to lack verification in the case of Doctor Wright. 
Born and brought up in the city of Indianapolis, it has 
been the scene of his professional labors, and here he 
has been honored as highly as has ever fallen to the lot 
of a man of his years. One who has known him 
through a life-time says of him that there are few men 
in the profession of medicine of more promise than 
Doctor Wright. He is in many things a genius, in pri- 
vate life a man of exemplary habits and deportment, 
fond of recreation and society, a fine amateur dramatist, 
of cultivated literary tastes, and a man of decided con- 
victions, a warm friend, as well as a good hater. His 
jesthetic tastes have surrounded him with much that is 
pleasant in life, not the least of which is a fine private 
library, replete with standard and professional works. 
He has attained a standing in his profession seldom 
reached at his time of life, and his friends are numerous 
and warmly attached to him. With many chapters yet 
to write in the history of his life, from the past it is 
safe to assume that his future will be still bright, pros- 
perous, and happy. 

f^EWMAN, JOHN S., of Indianapolis, was born in 
I Montgomery County, Ohio, April 10, 1805. In 
K^'J, March, 1807, he came to what is now Wayne 
(5«(i) Township, in Wayne County, Indiana, with his 
grandfather, Andrew Hoover, Sen. In January, 1827, 
he removed to Centerville, where he was employed in 
the office of his uncle, David Hoover, who was clerk 
of the county courts. Here he studied law, and was 
admitted to the bar in May, 182S, continuing in the 
practice until 1S60. For nearly ten years of this time 
he was in partnership with Jesse P. Siddall, the 
firm being Newman & Siddall. He was also for sev- 
eral years engaged in the mercantile business in the 
firm of Hannah & Newman, at Centerville. In 1850, 
Mr. Newman was elected a member of the Constitu- 
tional Convention to revise the state Constitution. In 
1S47, he was chosen president of the Whitewater Canal 
Company, and served as such for five years. In 1S51, 
he was elected president of the Indiana Central Railway 
Company. In i860, Mr. Newman removed to Indian- 
apolis, and for several years was president of the Mer- 
chants' National Bank of that city. October i, 1S29, 
Mr. Newman married Miss Eliza J. Hannah, daughter 
of .Samuel Hannah, Esq., of Centerville. On October 
I, 1879, he enjoyed the inestimable privilege of celebrat- 
ing his golden wedding with the partner of his youth 
and old age, in the presence of a large number of his 

family and friends, and his estimable wife still survives 
to gladden the household in which love has reigned for 
over half a century. Mr. and Mrs. Newman have had 
six children. Mary married Dr. H. C. Carey; Ger- 
trude is the wife of Mr. Ingram Fletcher, a banker of 
Indianapolis; Omar is engaged in the lumber business 
in Chicago; Walter, who was first lieutenant in the 
United States army, and served in the late war, died in 
Indianapolis, January i, 1864, of a disease contracted in 
the service. Two other children died in infancy. 

— ^■^em-o — 

OLLOWAY, DAVID P., formerly commissioner of 
patents, was born in Warren County, Ohio, on the 
™ 6th of December, 1809. His father was David 
U> HoUoway, and his mother, before marriage, was 
Hannah Richards. His ancestors came to this country 
from the village of Holloway, near London, in the year 
1676, and, as members of a colony, were brought out by 
William Penn. He received his education, which was 
rudimental and primary, at the Friends' schools in Cin- 
cinnati, not attending after he was ten years of age. He 
entered upon the printing business when fourteen, at Rich- 
mond, W'ayne County, Indiana, to which his parents had 
removed the year previous. That year he spent on a 
farm, and he was three years in the newspaper office at 
Richmond. Leaving it, he entered the establishment of 
the Cincinnati Gazette to complete his trade, in which he 
became a proficient. The summer of 1830 he was in 
Lafayette, as a clerk in the store of a brother-in-law. 
He returned to Richmond in the fall, and began working 
in the Palladium office as a printer. Three years after, 
he purchased the office, and became the editor of the 
journal, in conjunction with John Finley, the second year. 
In 1S36 he removed to the country; but in 1837 repur- 
chased the Palladium, in company with B. W. Davis, 
with whom he remained associated until 1870. He was 
a member of the House of Representatives of the state 
of Indiana in 1843-44, and was elected to the Senate the 
latter year. He was twice re-elected. He was chosen 
a member of the Thirty-fourth ("ongress, and was highly 
esteemed for his services in !■ capacity. He took a 
warm interest in agriculture, at. .vas connected with the 
State Board of Agriculture from 1852 to 1S59, being its 
president the latter year. He was appointed by Presi- 
dent Lincoln commissioner of patents, serving as such 
from 1861 to 1865. He has been a Mason for many 
years, and has also been a member of nearly all the 
temperance orders which have been organized in the 
United States during the last thirty years. He was a 
member of the Union League during the years 1863 and 
1864. He has always been a member of the society of 
Friends. He is an earnest Republican, but his alle- 
giance to the Union and the flag is above all parties. 



[ yth Dist. 

lie was married in 1S34 to Jane Ann Paulson, of Wil- 
mington, Delaware, a descendant of those Swedes wlio 
came to the United States when they were yet a wilder- 
ness, and settled on the banks of the Brandywine in 
1656. Mr. Holloway has now passed his threescore and 
ten, but is still active. His life has been an industrious 
and useful one. 

^n of Indianapolis, was born at Richmond, Wayne 
S1.4 County, Indiana, December 6, 1S36. His father, 
C'u^ Hon. David P. Holloway, who belonged to the 
society of Friends, was for forty years editor of the 
Richmond Palladium, one of the oldest Whig and Re- 
publican papers in the state. He represented Wayne 
County in the state Legislature during the years 1843-44, 
and was for six years a member of the Indiana state 
Senate, and a member of Congress from the old " Burnt 
District" in 1854-56. He was commissioner of patents 
from 1S61 to 1S66, and is now solicitor for patents in 
Washington, D. C. The mother of W. R. Holloway 
was Jane Ann Paulson. She was a native of the state 
of Delaware, of Swedish descent, and was a noble-hearted 
Christian and public-spirited woman, whose death was 
occasioned by contracting a cold while administering to 
the wants of Indiana soldiers encamped at Washington 
in the winter of 1862-63. The cold terminated in 
hasty consumption, of which she died in December, 
1864. Her children numbered six sons and two daugh- 
ters, of whom four sons and two daughters still survive. 
William R. Holloway, the subject of this sketch, was 
raised, and, it might be added, educated, in the printing- 
office, and memory carries him not back to the time 
when he could not set type. In this occupation he im- 
bibed those habits of applied industry, a seeking after 
practical knowledge, and an enthusiastic love for the 
profession of printer and editor, which have characterized 
him through life. He finished his trade in the office of 
the Cincinnati Times, remaining there from 1852 until 
1S57. The divine passion may have impelled his next 
move, as he returned to the Palladittm office in Rich- 
mond in 185S, and the same year was married to Miss 
Eliza Burbank, of Centerville, a beautiful and charming 
little lady, daughter of Isaac Burbank, Esq. Mr. Hollo- 
way during this year also published a history of Richmond 
and the settlement of Wayne County. Soon after his 
marriage he concluded to enter the profession of law, 
and for that purpose studied in the office of Morton & 
KIbbey (Mr. Morton being his brother-in-law). He admitted to the bar in Wayne County in i860. 
Hon. Oliver P. Morton was elected Lieutenant-governor 
of the state in iliat year, with Hon. Henry S. Lane 
Governor. The latter being elected United States Senator 

a few days after his inauguration, Morton succeeded 
to the gubernatorial chair, and appointed Mr. Hollo- 
way his private secretary. He remained in this position 
throughout two years, full of trying vicissitudes incident 
to the war, and the mustering and equipping of thousands 
of troops. In this arduous labor Colonel Holloway's 
business sagacity, industry, quickness of thought and 
action, were of invaluable assistance to the chief execu- 
tive of the state. In 1863 he' went into business in the 
city of New York, in which he was successful. The old 
love for a printing-office, however, was revived, and in 
1864 he purchased the Indianapolis Journal establish- 
ment, remaining its sole proprietor and editor for more 
than a year, during which time he was elected by the 
Legislature to the office of state printer, which he re- 
signed when he sold the Journal and entered Governor 
Morton's office as confidential secretary and adviser. A 
year later he repurchased an interest in ihe Journal, be- 
ing an active participant in its editorial control until 
1872. He was appointed postmaster of Indianapolis by 
President Grant in 1S69, and was reappointed by him 
in 1872, retiring from the Journal in that year. He re- 
purchased the Journal in connection with E. B. Mar- 
tindale in 1S75, but disposed of his interest to his 
partner after a few months. So satisfactory to the peo- 
ple and the officials of that department was his admin- 
istration of post-office affairs, that President Hayes 
continued him in the position, which, in 1880, he still 
occupies. His management of the Journal was con- 
spicuous for the introduction of most of the metropoli- 
tan features that now mark Indianapolis journalism. 
He dispatches business with great rapidity, has a great 
deal of executive ability, and meets every demand upon 
his time with unwavering good humor and courtesy. 
His friendships are warm and lasting, and no service in 
the interests of friends is too exacting for him to per- 
form. His energy is unbounded, and public entertain- 
ments, receptions, or enterprises that have been success- 
ful have in many instances been so ■ owing to the 
management of Colonel Holloway. A writer properly 
remarks of him, that "a city full of such bustling men 
as he could remove mountains if they stood in the way 
of progress," for in the character of such citizens must 
be found the secret of the wonderful advancement of 
the " Hoosier metropolis.". As the most valued friend 
and confidant of the late Senator Morton, his political 
adviser and aid-de-camp, the services of Colonel Hol- 
Holloway have been an adjunct to Morton's greatness, 
as they still are invaluable to the Republican party. 
He accomplishes great purposes with little assumption, 
and less of arrogance or austerity. He has but one 
child, Edward Morton Holloway, a promising youth of 
eighteen, who is now attending Cornell L^niversity at 
Ithaca, New York, and who bids fair to make his mark 
in the world. 

yth Dist.] 



§LLEN, HORACE R., M. D., Indianapolis, proprie- 
tor and founder of the National Surgical Institute, 
was born in Athens, Ohio, October 21, 1834. His 
father, Joseph Allen, who was of English descent 
and a native of Connecticut, was an extensive land-holder 
and largely engaged in agricultural pursuits. His mother, 
Sarah (Davis) Allen, was also of Yankee birth. Their 
family consisted of three sons and four daughters, Horace 
being the second child. His boyhood was spent in this 
vicinity, and was characterized by scores of marvelous 
hair-breadth escapes from death by accidents, so closely 
following each other as would lead to the belief that the 
boy bore a charmed life, and that destiny preserved him 
to be a benefactor to the suffering ones of earth. It 
would be interesting to trace step by step the succession 
of incidents which finally led him to devote himself to the 
profession in which he has become such an enthusiast; 
but space will forbid more than a brief outline. After 
having obtained the rudiments of an education in the 
country schools, he took a four years' collegiate course 
at the Ohio University, of Athens. After the comple- 
tion of his college course he entered upon the study of 
law, under the preceptorship of Hon. John Welsh, ex- 
Judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio. Here he re- 
mained about a year, when seemingly without delibera- 
tion he determined to study medicine, and forthwith is 
found enrolled among the students of Cleveland Medical 
College. While here, apparently pursuing his studies 
with no more definite purpose than, perhaps, to aid a 
law practice by a knowledge of medicine, his attention 
was directed to the course of treatment prescribed for a 
little child, who was slightly affected with spinal dis- 
ease. The mode of treatment seemed to the young man 
to resemble nothing so much as the old time tortures of 
the Inquisition, and his active sympathies became 
aroused as the child daily became emaciated under the 
blistering, seton, and burning process, and screamed 
with spasmodic fear when the door opened to admit the 
torturers. Many an hour the young student brooded 
over the subject, and pondered on the modus operandi. 
When he looked at the sapling which is growing awry 
he knew that the way to straighten the growing tree 
would be to brace and support it, until nature aided in 
the work by strengthening the limb, until it could stand 
alone. If the tree is barked, he would not attempt to 
heal it by hacking into the wound, and persist in try- 
ing to cure it by augmenting its sensitiveness and cut- 
ting and slashing. Thus the Doctor drew his first lesson 
in theoretical surgery from nature, with the thought of 
how it might be applied to the human form ; and in all 
his application of surgical knowledge has proved that 
nature and science walk hand in hand together. Sym- 
pathy for the sufferings of that little one was undoubt- 
edly the impelling influence that awakened the genius 
of a master mind to the development of a new science 

in surgery ; new appliances for relief, consisting of aids to 
nature rather than hindrances tu nature's work. Re- 
maining at the Meaical College until he graduated 
therefrom, in 1856, he soon after started for Des Moines, 
Iowa, intending to hang out his shingle to the breeze. 
Slight incidents, however, sometimes change or deter- 
mine a whole course in life, and so it proved in this 
case. While on the train he made the acquaintance of 
a brother of General Lew Wallace, and made a trade 
with him conditionally for a drug store at Charlestown, 
Illinois. Upon his arrival there it seemed as though 
providence had guided him to this spot, for, perhaps, in 
no other area of like extent in the country were so many 
suffering from physical deformity. To quote a familiar 
passage, "the halt, the lame, and the blind," found 
their way to him for relief; hundreds came from a dis- 
tance, and by his successful treatment he soon acquired 
a widespread reputation in the domain of surgery, and 
from that time to this, now nearly a quarter of a cent- 
ury, his life has been devoted to the attempt to restore 
the human for^n to its natural proportions, to bring grace 
out of deformity, and release from pain the long suf- 
fering. His mechanical ingenuity is remarkable, and 
his genius finds employment in designing appliances 
and the inventing of surgical apparatus, the manufact- 
uring of braces to suit each individual case, etc. The 
Doctor's business increased so rapidly that he not only 
attained distinction, but acquired wealth, and in 1869 
he resolved to choose a more central location, his choice 
falling upon Indianapolis, to which city he removed in 
that year. Here he founded the National Surgical In- 
stitute, purchasing for that purpose one of the large 
hotels. He soon metamorphosed it into a scientific insti- 
tution, with earnest, thoughtful, and well qualified man- 
agers. Its patrons also are of that character, and made 
up from the intelligent and thinking classes. The Na- 
tional Surgical Institute was incorporated under the 
laws of the state, with a capital of five hundred thou- 
sand dollars, with the avowed object of treating all cases 
of surgery and chronic diseases; also, engaging in the 
manufacture of surgical and mechanical appliances, 
splints, bandages, braces, machinery, and other articles 
needed for the treatment of the afflicted. The Indi- 
anapolis Institute owns and occupies a four-story block 
of buildings, covering one-quarter of a square, on the 
corner of Illinois and Georgia streets. These buildings 
are provided with sleeping rooms to accommodate three 
hundred patients. No less than thirteen rooms are 
used as laboratories, consultation, prescription, appa- 
ratus, drug and operating rooms, and offices. Back of 
the main buildings, and connected with them, is a ma- 
chine shop, covering twenty-five hundred square feet, in 
which are manufactured all kinds of apparatus and ma- 
chinery for this Institute. In this department are lo- 
cated a forty horse-power steam engine, power punches. 



[ 7th Dist. 

dies, shears for stamping and cutting out work, emery 
whec-ls, lathes, and other necessary machinery. Here 
are constantly employed twenty to thirty skilled work- 
men, who are engaged in manufacturing appliances for 
patients. The expense of this department, material 
and incidentals, amounts to over seventy-five thousand 
dollars per annum. On the second-floor are the parlors, 
tastefully furnished and provided with pianos. On this 
floor also are the dining hall (a room fifty feet square, 
handsomely furnished), the bath rooms, ladies' treat- 
ment rooms; besides large rooms occupied as a nursery, 
where all children left at the institute without attend- 
ants or nurses are placed under charge of a matron and 
nurses, who look after their wants and carry out their 
prescribed treatment, dressing and undressing them, 
attending to their wardrobe, and remaining with them 
night and day. As a large percentage of the patients 
are children, many of whom have not relatives who 
can remain with them at the Institute, this feature of 
the arrangements will commend itself to many. The 
gymnasium, or general treatment room, is large, and 
arranged with special reference to the requirements of 
the patients, who congregate there in scores daily for their 
prescribed treatment. The ladies and children with 
nurses receive the varied treatment for the paralyzed or 
affected limbs in a separate room, upon one side of the 
hall, and the gentlemen, in like manner, upon the other. 
Directly connected with this apartment the Swedish 
movement machines and appliances, complicated, in- 
genious, and varied in character and number, are in full 
operation, driven by steam from the engine of the shops. 
Here, also, are electrical machines, batteries and fix- 
tures for the easy application of electricity or galvanism, 
electro-magnetism in all forms, quantities, character, or 
intensity. Ingenious inventions for training paralytics 
to walk, for straightening crooked backs, contracted or 
stiff joints, and for the correction of deformity and 
paralysis in general, abound on every hand. No de- 
scription can do justice to this department, or convey 
full and accurate knowledge of its great advantages and 
efficiency. Owing to the great amount of professional 
labor imposed upon the surgeons and assistants, it was 
deemed necessary to make the boarding department sep- 
arate, and this is placed in the hands of a competent 
landlord. It is the earnest purpose of the proprietors 
to make the stay of the patients in the institution as 
pleasant and .satisfactory as po.ssible. On arriving at the 
institute each patient is shown by the usher into the 
reception room, where he awaits the examination of 
those preceding him ; the ordeal, though necessary, of 
waiting for his turn may be very tedious to the new 
comer, unaccustomed to institutions of such ni.agnitude. 
The visitor, no doubt, experiences the greatest surprise 
'if his life in beholding the number of crippled, de- 
fi>rmed, and helpless ])ersons under treatment at the 

institute. It is not amiss to say that the average num- 
ber of patients is not less than fifteen hundred. These 
are not all at the institute at one time, as those who 
are supplied with needed apparatus and are making sat- 
isfactory progress are at their homes. The evidence of 
relief is all that can be asked by the most incredulous, 
and the words of praise and gratitude from the consci- 
entious and faithful patients who are improving in health 
and regaining the use of long useless limbs are the 
best testimonials of skill that could be given, while 
thousands of grateful letters are the pleasing assurance 
that the life efforts of Doctor Allen have not been made 
in vain. The great number of railroad accidents, to- 
gether with many occurring at the machine shops of 
this city, annually furnish hundreds of wounded appli- 
cants for treatment. This branch of the business, though 
incidental and not that for which the institution was chiefly 
founded, has become a very extensive field of practice. 
When we reflect that there is a total inadequacy of 
means provided for the cure of the thousands of de- 
formed and helpless beings all over our land, whose 
lamentable condition cries aloud for help, then the 
facilities to be found at an institution based on such 
principles as that herein described must be appreciated. 
Asylums are provided for the deaf, the blind, and in- 
sane; homes and charities for the indigent sick and in- 
firm ; bastiles and reformatories for the vicious and the 
criminal. Yet the wail of the indigent and suffering 
cripple is unheeded, save at the house of alms, where 
necessary surgical skill and appliances are not to be 
found. The fact that over four hundred thousand crip- 
ples and deformed human beings in this country are 
withoitt proper treatment should suggest a great and 
momentous duty to philanthropists and legislators. 
Several years since the demand on the facilities became 
so great from all parts of the country that it was deemed 
best to establish an Eastern Department of the National 
Surgical Institute at Philadelphia, which was soon 
handsomely fitted up and in successful running order. 
Soon afterward a branch or Southern Department was 
established in an institution at Atlanta. And at about 
the same period the Western Branch for the urgent need 
of dwellers upon the Pacific coast was established at 
San Francisco, which in 1S76 was greatly enlarged and 
improved. Although these institutes are well estab- 
lished. Doctor Allen soon found it impossible for him 
to give them his personal superintendence, and that un- 
less he did personally give directions for manufacture 
of appliances or braces, the work was not so satisfactory 
in results. He felt compelled, therefore, to withdraw 
from the branch establishments and concentrate all his 
energies to the success of the central one at Indianapo- 
lis. The National Surgical Institute, though inaugu- 
rated under the most discouraging auspices, and with a 
limited patronage, is to-day a proud monument of liber- 



jth Dist.\ 



ality and skill ; and prominent among the most philan- 
thropic enterprises of the age, it is fulfilling its great mis- 
sion of subserving to the relief of human misery every 
discovery, invention, and improvement within the scope 
of science and at the command of money. The eminent 
success attained can not be overestimated. The thou- 
sands made happy by the magnanimous treatment of 
the poor, the moderate fees demanded of the rich, and 
the explicit and candid manner in which all are treated 
, have gained for the institute the confidence and support 
of good people throughout the country. Furthermore, 
it has been endorsed and sustained by all the intelligent 
physicians who have availed themselves of the oppor- 
tunity to study its claims to merit by visiting the insti- 
tution. Nothing but the inherent principle of its system 
could have brought the institute to its present mammoth 
proportions and wide reputation. More than forty thou- 
sand patients have been treated, and a large majority 
of them permanently cured, at this great depot for the 
relief of human suffering. Doctor Allen, amid his 
multifarious duties, has found time through trusted 
agents to amass a large fortune in real estate and other 
enterprises, and is not dependent upon the proceeds of 
the institute for support, having an adequate income 
from other sources. He is therefore prepared to give 
personal and individual efforts to the relief of suffering 
humanity. " And they shall rise up and call him 
blessed." When the Doctor was but twenty-two years 
of age he was married to Miss Harriet E. Shepherd, a 
lady in every way worthy of him. They have a fine 
family of four children, three of whom are daughters; 
the eldest a young lady, the youngest now eight years 
old. The Doctor has been an active member of the 
Presbyterian Church for many years, and a leader in the 
Sunday-school. His life has been full of good deeds. 
A liberal-minded gentleman, his generous, noble nature 
and esthetic tastes make him a valuable addition to any 
city, a shining light in any community. 

[ARTINDALE, ELIJAH B. In every city of 
any pretensions there are always to be found a 
few men whose names are prominently and un- 
i»y mistakably identified with the city's material 
jrowth and development, and who are always to be 
found associated with every movement whicli seems to 1 
promise an addition to the city's wealth, resources, or 
enterprise, and to enhance the importance of its loca- 
tion and surroundings. Such men are seldom obtrusive, 
though always on the alert, and always to be found 
when called upon. The masses feel their presence, 
rather than have it thrust upon them ; and almost in- 
sensibly, but no less surely, do they leave their impress [ 
upon the character and institutions of their city. Such i 

a man is Judge E. B. Martindale, whose name is a fa- 
miliar one, not only to citizens of Indianapolis, but all 
through the state of Indiana, and wherever the state is 
represented throughout the Union. He was born in 
Wayne County, Indiana, August 22, 1S28. His father 
was a pioneer preacher of the Christian Church in this 
state. When he was four years of age Mr. Martindale's 
parents moved to Henry County, Indiana, and settled 
on a farm four miles east of New Castle. Here young 
-Martindale was brought up, sharing all the hardships 
and pleasures incident to farm-life until he was sixteen 
years of age, his education consisting of the best which 
the county seminaries of those days afforded, and his 
attendance at school being alternated with work on the 
farm. At sixteen he was apprenticed to learn the sad- 
dler's trade, and continued at this until he was twenty, 
still attending school in the intervals of work, and by 
close attention and studious habits acquiring a good 
English education, as well as a knowledge of his trade. 
The destiny which "shapes our ends, rough hew them 
as we will," did not, however, intend that Judge Mar- 
tindale was ever to achieve distinction at the saddler's 
bench. All his spare time was devoted to the study of 
law, and in 1S50 he hung out his shingle as attorney 
and counselor at law at New Castle, the county seat of 
Henry County. For twelve years he continued the 
practice of his profession there, and meanwhile held for 
on^ term the office of district attorney, and for a term 
the office of prosecuting attorney for the counties of 
Wayne, Henry, Randolph, and Delaware. In 1S61 he 
was appointed Judge of the Common Pleas Court for 
the district composed of the counties of Henry, Madi- 
son, Hancock, Rush, and Decatur. His practice had 
been lucrative, and in 1862 he removed to the city of 
Indianapolis, where he has since been located, and where 
his name has been prominently identified with many 
enterprises calculated to benefit the city. He was from 
the first a firm believer in a great commercial future for 
the city of Indianapolis, and with the keen foresight 
and sound judgment characteristic of the man, his plans 
were laid accordingly, and his energies were bent to 
encourage and foster every movement which tended to 
make the city attractive as a residence and desirable as 
a great manufacturing and commercial center. He w as 
a prime mover in the laying out of a great part of the 
city in building plats, which were sold on easy terms to 
intending settlers. The result proved his excellent judg- 
ment and the soundness of his conclusions. In all his 
transactions the element of caution in his nature proved 
a safeguard against wild speculation, so that when the 
great financial crash came, which so ruthlessly and re- 
morselessly swept away fortunes, although Judge Mar- 
tindale was heavily loaded, when the wreck was 
cleared away it was found that he had succeeded in 
weathering the storm much better than had seemed 



[7th Dist. 

possible, although compelled to sacrifice much. In 
the complex chain of business, no one who was 
linked to him was compelled to suffer by him, and 
his personal integrity and business management were 
above reproach. The " Martindale Block," one of 
the finest business edifices in the city of Indianapolis, 
is a standing monument to Judge Martindale's enter- 
prise and public spirit. It is built on the site of the 
old Roberts Chapel, on the north-east corner of Mar- 
ket and Pennsylvania Streets, and also pnrtly covers the 
site of the first brick dwelling ever erected in Indian- 
apolis. He has ever been known as a cheerful giver to 
worthy and benevolent objects, and betrays in innumer- 
able ways an unselfish spirit that makes him popular 
with all who know him. He is an active and zealous 
member of the First Presbyterian Church of Indian- 
apolis, and for a long time was superintendent of its 
Sunday-school. In 1S76 Judge Martindale purchased 
the Indianapolis Journal, the leading Republican paper 
of the state, and assumed its active control. A thorough 
and tried business man in every sense of the word, he 
brought to the management of the paper the same prin- 
ciples and sound judgment that had always governed 
his conduct, and under him the character and tone of 
the paper steadily improved. Ardently devoted to the 
principles of Republicanism himself, but in no sense a 
bitter partisan, or a seeker for the spoils of office, he 
aimed to make his paper a true exponent of Republican 
tenets and an ardent champion of the cause, while 
utterly ignoring and eschewing scurrilous or personal 
journalism. While in the management of a paper of 
the importance of \.\\e Journal, it can be truly said that 
it would be impossible to please every body, even of like 
politics, with very few exceptions Judge Martindale's 
conduct of theypKr;;;?/ met with the approbation of his 
party friends and commanded the respect of his polit- 
ical opponents. It might, perhaps, be said with truth 
that his spirit was ever too independent to render the 
management of a party organ entirely pleasing to him, 
and on the eve of the exciting political campaign of 
1880 he sold out his interest in \.\\e Journal and resumed 
his ordinary business life, While a zealous partisan and 
a man whose advice is always looked for and of much 
weight in the counsels of his party. Judge Martindale 
has ever sought rather to advance the interests of others 
than to pave his own way to political preferment. He 

has never been in any sense an office seeker, although in 
various public and private capacities he has demonstrated 
remarkable executive ability, and an administrative 
power possessed by few men in so marked a degree. 
He was largely identified with the inception of some of 
the most prosperous insurance companies in the state, 
and was the first president and executive officer of the 
Oldest company now operating in Indianapolis. As one 
of the first commissioners of the State Sinking Fund, 
he rendered valuable service to the state, and in 1S72 
he was elected to the state Senate from Marion County, 
and during one of the most exciting sessions in the his- 
tory of that body became an acknowledged leader of 
his party in the upper house. Among many enterprises 
which have done much towards the building up of the 
trade of the city of Indianapolis, which Judge Martin- 
dale was active in originating, was the immense foundry 
and machine establishment known as the Atlas Works, 
which now gives employment to over one thousand 
men. In social life he is a fine type of an American 
gentleman, and his home has ever been a center of gen- 
erous hospitality, in doing the honors of which he is 
gracefully seconded by his amiable wife and the older mem- 
bers of his family. Judge and Mrs. Martindale {nee Miss 
Emma Taylor) were united in marriage in Henry County 
in 1853, and of ten children born to them, nine survive. 
Judge Martindale is himself the tenth son of a family 
of fifteen. His children are named respectively Lynn 
B. , Charles, Susan, Robert, Clarence, John, Mary, 
Emma, and Elijah B., Jr., now four years old, and en- 
joying the unique privilege of being the tenth son of a 
tenth son. Judge Martindale has always been in much 
request as presiding officer at public meetings, where 
his fine presence and agreeable address stamp him as a 
man of brilliant social qualities, while his dignified de- 
meanor would give to a stranger the impression of 
hauteur, which gives way at once upon a closer ac- 
quaintance, when he is found to be the very soul of 
geniality and one of the most courteous and urbane of 
men. In business his industry is untiring; he knows 
not what it is to "eat the bread of idleness," and it is 
a rare thing to find him when not "busy." He is now 
in the very prime of manhood, physically and intellectu- 
ally, and there are few men in the state who can com- 
pete with him in all that goes to make up the polished, 
courteous, active, popular, and praiseworthy gentleman. 


Eighth Congressional District. 

fl^RMSTRONG, WILLIAM P., M. D., of Terre 
t- Haute, was born at Bloomington, Indiana, April 
-(• 5, 1829. His father, Hawes Armstrong, was a 
*i^c' native of Virginia, and died in 1844. His mother, 
Mary (McCollough) Armstrong, a native of Kentucky, 
is still living. James B. Armstrong, a twin brother of 
the Doctor's, was for several years engaged with him as 
practicing physician in Terre Haute, and bore to him 
an extraordinary resemblance in appearance, manners, 
and disposition. His professional reputation was of the 
highest character, and he was universally esteemed for 
his genial and other attractive social qu.ilities. He per- 
ished by the hand of an assassin, while returning from 
a night visit to a patient a short distance in the country. 
The motive for the deed was evidently robbery, but the 
design of the murderer in that direction was frustrated. 
His tragic death created a most intense excitement, and 
not only cast a gloom over the surviving members of 
his family, but was regarded by the citizens of Terre 
Haute as a public calamity. So close were the relations 
of the brothers to each other, professionally and socially, 
that in sketching the record of one we give substan- 
tially the history of the other. The early days of 
William P. Armstrong were spent in his native town, 
where he received the ordinary common school educa- 
tion afforded by the state of Indiana. He subsequently 
spent a year and a half in pursuing a literary course at 
the Bloomington University; after which he commenced 
the study of medicine under the tuition of an older 
brother who was engaged in practice near Little Rock, 
Arkansas. He attended his first course of lectures at 
Louisville University, in 1854, after which he practiced 
medicine for two years before graduating. Returning 
to Louisville University for another course of lectures, 
he graduated with the class of 1857. He commenced 
practicing with his brother at Bloomfield, and, with the 
exception of a short interval, continued his profession 
there until 1S64, when, with his brother, he removed 
to Terre Haute. They soon built u)"> a lucrative busi- 
tiess, in which James B. attended more particularly to 

the general practice of medicine, while William de- 
voted the greater part of his time to the diseases of 
women and children. For this branch of the profession 
he had an especial taste, and in it he became remark- 
ably proficient, meeting with unusual success in his 
practice. In order to more thoroughly acquaint himself 
with the most approved methods in this department, he, 
in 1S65, went to Europe for study and research, visiting 
the Universities of Berlin, Vienna, and Paris. He re- 
mained abroad two years and a half, and was thus 
enabled on his return to carry into practice the ripe re- 
sults of the research of his journey. Since his brother's 
death, he has devoted himself assiduously to the 
more laborious duties devolving upon him, and to-day 
he enjoys a fine practice, being widely known as an 
able practitioner. Doctor Armstrong is a member of 
the Vigo County Medical Society. He is a member of 
the Masonic Fraternity, in which his deceased brother 
bore a very active and conspicuous part. In politics he 
is a Republican, and is a member of the Disciple or 
Christian Church. Doctor Armstrong married, in Sep- 
tember, 1873, M'ss Emma Jackson, a lady born in the 
city of Terre Haute, though brought up and educated 
in Wisconsin. Two children, both girls, are the fruits 
of this marriage. The Doctor is a man of most agree- 
able social qualities, whose pleasant face and cheerful 
demeanor mark him as peculiarly fitted to bring cheer 
and comfort to the sick chamber. He is a universal 
favorite in the community, and an active supporter of 
the best interests of society. 

ALL, WILLIAM CREIGHTON, journalist, of 
, Terre Haute, was born at Terre Haute, December 
27, 1846. His father, William James Ball, was an 
old resident of Vigo County, and for a long time 
actively identified with railroad and similar enterprises 
in that section of the state. He was resident engineer 
of the Wabash and Erie Canal, engineer of the Indian- 


{Sth Dist. 

apolis and St. Louis Railroad, constructing engineer of 
Kvansville and Crawfordsville Railroad, and receiver of 
llic Richmond and l.ogansporl Railroad. Mr. Ball's 
mother, whose maiden name was Julia Sterritt Creigh- 
ton, was a native of Chillicothe, Ohio, where her family 
have long been very prominent, her father having been 
for many years member of Congress from that district. 
The Ball family are of Virginian extraction. After re- 
ceiving his early training in the private and public 
schools of Terre Ilaute, William C. spent one year at 
the Indiana State University, and afterwards finished a 
literary course at Amherst College, Massachusetts, 
whence he was graduated in l86S. For the succeeding 
three years he taught in a high school at St. Louis, 
Missouri, and, during the same period, studied law 
in the Washington University Law School in that city. 
In 1871 he returned to Terre Haute, and November I, 
1872, purchased the Terre Haute daily and weekly 
Gazette, with which he has since been connected. His 
paper is devoted strictly to the advocacy of the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party, and is universally ac- 
knowdedged to wield a powerful influence among the 
members of the party in that section of the state. 
While thus outlining his policy, the editor, in his edi- 
torial department, can not be said to be trammeled by 
]>arty machinery, as in local affairs he is thoroughly in- 
dependent and non-partisan in his comments on matters 
of public utility. Never a candidate for political dis- 
tinction himself, he is an unflinching supporter of the 
leaders of his party with pen and voice. While dis- 
claiming for himself any record worthy of mention, and 
refusing to recognize himself as entitled to the honor, 
his friends insist upon his right to a seat among the 
representative men of his native state ; and his marked 
ability, and unquestioned position as a journalist wield- 
ing more than ordinary influence, entitle him to this 
distinction. He is still (1878) unmarried. 

W| LL. D., of the United States army, was born at 
Ju^ Wallingford, Connecticut, March 2, 1824. He is 
5^ the son of Miles and Mary (Beebee) Carrington. 
The name figures as early as 1 192 in English history, 
and the Beebccs look their name, with the Beehive 
coat-of-arms, during the protectorate of Cromwell, in 
recognition of industry and usefulness in the Puritan 
cause. General Carrington's grandfather, James Car- 
rington, was a partner of Eli Whitney, inventor of the 
cotlon-gin, and from about the year iSoo until 1825 
was superintendent of the manufacture of arms for the 
United States at Whitncyville, Connecticut, and for a 
long lime inspector of public work at the Springfield 
and Harper's Kerr' Uniteil Slates armories. As a 

memento of past times, Eli Whitney, junior, sent a 
fowling-piece of his own manufacture to the General's 
second son, James, as "an expression of profound 
respect for his own father's friend." The site of Simp- 
son, Hall cS: Co.'s Britannia works, at Wallingford, Con- 
necticut, is known as "Carrington's Pond," in memory 
of James Carrington, wdio indulged his inventive taste 
in the manufacture of the first parallel rulers, cofi'ee- 
mills, and other original mechanical products, as he 
gained time from public work. He also built the first 
factory there. General Carrington's maternal grand- 
father and great grandfather, as well as himself, were 
graduates of Yale College, and the second named bore 
part in the French and Canadian War of 1757, the orig- 
inal address which he delivered to the soldiers on the 
eve of departure for Canada being still in possession of 
the family. The subject of this sketch began prepara- 
tion for college in 1835, at Torringford, Connecticut, in 
the old house of Samuel J. Mills, the early missionary, 
and under the instruction of Rev. William Goodman 
and Doctor E. D. Hudson, who were among the ear- 
liest Abolitionists, and were repeatedly mobbed in New 
England for their sentiments. While at this school an 
incident occurred which made a permanent impression 
upon the young student. A stranger visited the school, 
addressed the boys upon African history and the hor- 
rors of the slave-trade, and then asked all to stand up 
who would pledge themselves in after years to pray 
and work for universal liberty. Young Carrington was 
one of two who gave this pledge. The stranger, placing 
a hand upon the head of each, repeated the following 
singular benediction : "Now, may God the Father, my 
Father, your Father, and the African's Father; Christ 
the Savior, my Savior, your Savior, and the African's 
Savior; and the Holy Ghost, the Comforter, my Com- 
forter, your Comforter, and the African's Comforter, 
bring you early to Jesus, and give you grace to redeem 
your pledge." It was not until years after that it was 
known that this stranger was John Ossawatomie Brown, 
whose soul, "still marching on," is immortal in song 
and history. How well the subject of this sketch proved 
faithful to the pledge so solemnly imposed is shown in 
his wdiole subsequent career. From 1837 to 1840 he 
was under the instruction of Simeon Hart, of Farming- 
ton, Connecticut, joining the Congregational Church 
there, under the care of Rev. Noah Porter, senior, and 
being taught in Latin and Greek by his son, who had 
previously graduated from Yale College. At that time 
the Armistead slaves were on a farm at Farmington, 
pending the decision of their future destiny. The im- 
pression previously made by John Brown's appeals was 
deepened when a mob broke the glass windows of Rev. 
Doctor Porter's lecture room, because he offered prayer 
that the negroes might never be returned to slavery. 
With a strong predilection for military studies he had 

s/k nh/.] 


to contend with decided tendencies tolling trouliles, liut, 
surrendering his first choice, graduated at Vale College in 
184s, with a class which afterward furnished seven gen- 
erals to the war, including Generals Richard Taylor, Tap- 
pan, St. John, and others, he being the only general officer 
from the class who was in the national army. Upon 
leaving college he became professor of natural philos- 
ophy and chemistry, at the Irving Institute, Tarrytown, 
New York, where he enjoyed the friendship, advice, 
and encouragement of Washington Irving; and began 
that inquiry into our national history which culminated, 
after thirty years of study, in his great work, "The Bat- 
tles of the American Revolution." The students were 
organized as a military organization, a gymnasiuin was 
built, and he had a foretaste of the work which, many 
years after, he performed for Wabash College, Indiana. 
In 1S47 he entered the Law School of Yale College, sup- 
plementing his legal study by filling the position of 
professor of natural science at the New Haven Young 
Ladies' Collegiate Institute. In 184S he located at 
Columbus, Ohio, first as law partner of Hon. Aaron F. 
Perry, now of Cincinnati, and then, for nine years, with 
Hon. William Dennison, afterward Governor of the 
state. In 1S49 he participated, with two other young 
men, in protecting Frederick Douglass from an attempt 
made by a mob to drown out with a fire-engine his 
advertised address at the old state-house ; and in 1S54 
took an active part in the protest against the pro-slavery 
operations in Kansas and Nebraska. It is an inter- 
esting incident that in 1S61, from the steps of the 
new State-house, in the same grounds, he presented to 
a company of the 58th Massachusetts the first colors 
placed in the hands of colored troops. As a represent- 
ative of the Twelfth (Columbus) Ohio District, in the 
state convention of June 17 of that year, he was placed 
upon the committee upon resolutions, along with 
Joshua R. Giddings, J. J. Root, Ephraim R. Eckley, 
Rufus P. Si>aulding, and others, and was selected by 
the convention for chairman of the committee of seven 
which was instructed to correspond with friends of lib- 
erty throughout the country, and secure concert of ac- 
tion in the organization of the new party, which soon 
adopted the name Republican. An intimate friendship 
was at once formed with Salmon P. Chase, and one 
which never wavered. Upon entering on his duties as 
Governor, Mr. Chase commissioned General Carrington 
as Judge Advocate, then as Inspector-general, and finally 
as Adjutant-general, which office he retained until 1861, 
when he entered the regular army. In 1857 Governor 
Chase initiated a thorough state militia system, accompa- 
nying the adjutant-general during his visits to encamp- 
ments. An issue arose between the Ohio state and 
the United States authorities as to certain arrests made 
near Xenia, under the fugitive slave law, and General 
Carrington was deputized to visit President Buchanan 

and Secretary Cass, and arrange for an interview as a 
basis of settlement of the vexed conflict. It was agreed 
that whichever party first gained jurisdiction should pro- 
ceed to try cases; and Mr. Chase declared that, while he 
would respect Federal authority when legitimately used, 
he would exhaust the power of the state in vindication 
of its own rightful process. On another occasion, when 
the Ohio Supreme Court tested, by writ of habeas corpus, 
the legality of certain fines and imprisonments made in 
Cuyahoga County, under the same fugitive slave law, 
the militia of Columbus were put under arms to en- 
force the finding of the court, in case it should dis- 
charge the parties and rearrest be attempted. During 
twelve years' practice of the law, General Carrington 
followed up his scientific studies, besides being the at- 
torney of the railroads of Central Ohio, including those 
to Cincinnati and Cleveland; but with equal fidelity ile- 
voted his leisure hours to the perusal of classic authors, 
thus laying the foundation of his work upon "Pre-Chris- 
tian Assurances of Immortality and Accountability," 
which embraces a selection from Latin and Greek au- 
thors upon those themes. He was elder in the Second 
Pesbyterian Church at Columbus, for a time superintend- 
ent of its Sunday-school, and had charge of the erection 
of its fine church edifice; was president of the Young 
Men's Christian Association of the city, and, with II. 
Thane Miller, Esq., of Cincinnati, attended as a delegate 
from Ohio the first international association, held at Mon- 
treal in 1849. For months before the war began he 
earnestly interested in tlie preparation of the state militia 
for the contingency already foreseen. A letter from Sena- 
tor Chase in February advised the selection of good offi- 
cers, as the best advised persons were anticipating war. 
Secretary Cass thus wrote in the spring: "We have in- 
deed fallen upon evil times, when those who should pre- 
serve seem bent upon destroying the country." Impressed 
by the urgency. General Carrington wrote to General 
Wool, then commanding at Troy, New York, for ten thou- 
sand stand of arms, and announced, in an address entitled 
"The Hour, the Peril, and the- Duty," that the nation 
was "on the verge of a war which would outlast a pres- 
idential term, would cost hundreds of thousands of lives 
and thousands of millions of treasure ; but that in the end 
the continent would be free, and the nations would pay 
us homage." This was repeated at the request of the 
members of the Ohio Senate, especially of Mr. Garfield 
and Mr. Cox (both of whom became generals in the serv- 
ice), but before it was delivered a second time the an- 
nouncement of the fall of Sumter was received. Upon 
the first call for troops two regiments were started for 
Washington from Ohio within sixty hours; a foundry 
was opened on Sunday for casting round shot for a bat- 
tery, and under the orders of General McClellan, to 
whom Governor Dennison had intrusted the commaml 
of the state troops, nine full regiments were moved to 


\Slh Dist. 

West Virginia Ijefore tlie United States three months' 
men were organi/eil. The thanks of the Secretary of 
War and of Generals Scott and Wool for this prompt 
action were followed by the detail of General Carrington 
as visitor to West I'oint, and by his appointment as col- 
onel of the iSth United States Infantry, they concurring 
with Secretary Chase in a recommendation to the Presi- 
dent for his selection to a full colonelcy. A regular army 
camp was established near Columbus, Ohio, under his 
command, for the organization of the 15th, l6th, l8th, 
and 19th United States Infantry. The demands of the 
service left little time for drilling men in camp; so that 
in the fall of 1861 he reported to General Buell with 
twelve companies of the l8th and six of the i6th In- 
fantry. He was assigned to the command of his regi- 
ment, the 9th and 35th Ohio and the 2d Minnesota, 
and joined General Thomas at Lebanon, Kentucky. Be- 
ing required to complete his regiment, he returned to 
Ohio and filled it to its maximum of two thousand four 
hundred and fifty-three men, but in the pressure of the 
Kirby Smith campaign he was transferred to Indiana, 
to hasten the organization and movement of its troops 
to the front. Promotion as brigadier-general of vol- 
unteers followed in 1S62, and as district commander, 
superintendent of recruiting service, and commander of 
the draft rendezvous, he had charge of the organization 
of nearly one hundred and thirty-nine thousand men in 
Indiana, in addition to the regular troops and the early 
regiments raised from Ohio. For services in raising the 
siege of Frankfort, he received the thanks of Governor 
Bramlette, and fully disclosed the secret operations of 
the Sons of Liberty, and other treasonable orders along 
and north of the Ohio River. His personal relations 
were extremely intimate with Governor Morton, and he 
entertained the strongest confidence in the purity, pa- 
triotism, and statesmanship of that extraordinary man. 
Upon muster out as general of volunteers, he joined 
his regiment in'the Army of the Cumberland, presided 
over the military commission at Louisville for the trial 
of guerrillas, and was then sent to the plains to replace 
volunteer troops with his own regiment. Late in 1S65 
he was in command, at Fort Kearney, of the East Sub- 
district of Nebraska, supervising Indian operations on 
the Republican River. In May, 1S66, he commanded 
the expedition to open a wagon route to Montana by 
the Powder River and Big Horn Mountain countries, 
built Fort Kearney, and other posts, commanded the 
Rocky Mountain district, and was through the harass- 
ing Indian operations connected with the Red Cloud 
campaign. In 1S67 he was in charge at Fort McPher- 
son, establishing friendly relations with Spotted Tail 
an<l other chiefs, commanded at Fort Sedgwick in 1868 
and 1S69, and was detailed, under an act of Congress, 
as professor of military science at Wabash College, In- 
diana, in December of that year. In 1870, suffering on 

account of wounds and exposure incurred while on 
duty, he was retired from field service, but continued on 
the college detail, at his pleasure. Thus is given, in 
rapid summary, General Carrington's career as a student, 
lawyer, and soldier. His record as a litt'eratetir remains 
to be considered. He has paid little attention to his 
minor works. " The Scourge of the Alps," a serial Swiss 
story of the days of Tell, was written in 1S47, while at 
Tarrytovvn. "American Classics," or "Incidents of 
Revolutionary Suffering," followed in 1849, as well as 
"Russia as a Nation." This was coincident with the 
visit of Kossuth, from whom he obtained a detailed 
map of the Russo-Hungarian War, and with whom he 
formed an enduring friendship. His address upon the 
Hungarian struggle was the last ever given in the old 
Ohio State-house, which was burned on the night of 
its delivery. " Hints to Soldiers Taking the Field" be- 
came popular, and the Christian Commission distributed 
more than a hundred thousand copies during the war. 
Lectures and essays have been numerous, including a 
pamphlet upon the " Mineral Resources of Indiana," 
and papers upon "Chrome Steel," the " American Rail- 
way System," etc., etc., some of which have been read 
before the British Association of Science in Great Brit- 
ain. At the Bristol meeting of that scientific body, in 
1875, he was placed on the executive committee of the 
following sections: "Mechanical Science," "Geog- 
raphy," and "Anthropology." His paper upon the 
"Indians of the North-west" was published in full in 
the British papers; and upon the test of the eighty-one 
ton gun at Woolwich he was called from Paris by tele- 
gram from General Campbell, British Director-general 
of Artillery, being the only foreigner present at the ex- 
periment. "Crisis Thoughts," published in 1S7S, in- 
cludes "The Hour, the Peril, and the Duty," with two 
other orations upon the war. " Ab-sa-ra-ka, Land of 
Massacre," now in its fifth edition, is a book of nearly 
four hundred pages, with maps and engravings, giving 
a full description of Indian battles, massacres, and trea- 
ties from 1865 to 1S79, ^"d '^ carefully accurate, while 
full of thrilling narrative and adventure; the first thirty 
chapters, embodying his wife's experience, were first pub- 
lished in 1S68, upon her return from Montana and Da- 
kota. A more important work, the result of research 
and study extending over a period of thirty years, and 
the outgrowth of early conferences with Irving, is the 
"Battles of the American Revolittion." The labor 
upon this work has been immense. British and French 
authorities, and the faculties of universities, alike ex- 
tended courtesies during the research ; and while per- 
sonal surveys of many battle-fields greatly cleared the 
doubtful questions, the field-notes of British, Hessian, 
French, and other soldiers, were carefully tested, and 
incorporated in the maps, which in every case were 
drawn bv the laborious author. The indorsements of 

Slh Dist.] 



the work include not only public officials abroad, such 
as ex-President Thiers, and Senator La Fayette, of 
France, but English statesmen, with Bancroft and Loss- 
ing, Woolsey and Evarts, Generals Sherman and Sheri- 
dan, and the press without exception. The work is 
original in design. It not only tells why and how a 
battle was fought, but, with the aid of the forty splen- 
did maps that adorn the work, each battle-field assumes 
the character of a slowly moving panorama, in which 
every movement is presented to the eye. Historic pre- 
cision blend's with descriptive power of a high order 
to make this work at once valuable to the student of 
history and intensely interesting to the general reader. 
General Carrington has, however, made much progress 
upon another work, for which he is eminently adapted 
by previous study. This is none other than "The 
Battles of the Bible," based on the same general plan 
that characterizes his great American history. This will 
involve not only a visit to the Holy Land, but research 
among Hebrew antiquities, with critical examination of 
many authors and places. He has the assurance of of- 
ficial aid abroad, and possesses the courage to under- 
take the work. He knows neither fatigue or doubt in 
such labors. He has received many compliments from 
historical societies, and has had several literary titles 
conferred upon him. He is a member of the United 
States Supreme Court bar. General Carrington has 
been twice married. His first wife, Margaret Irvin 
SuUivant, was the eldest daughter of Joseph SuUivant, 
Esq., a noted scientist and scholar, of Columbus, Ohio, 
and granddaughter of Colonel Joseph McDowell, of 
Danville, Kentucky. She is described in a memorial 
volume, published at Columbus, Ohio, in 1874, as 
"of commanding presence, gentle and dignified in 
deportment, refined and cultivated in taste, and, while 
quite delicate in constitution, of great courage and 
endurance ; of a high type of womanhood, loved and 
respected by both relatives and friends." She accompa- 
nied her husband during the war, and with equal fidelity 
through the years of trying exposure on the plains, from 
1865 to 1869. She died at Crawfordsville, Indiana, May 
II, 1870, just after her husband began duty at Wabash 
College. Of their children, Mary McDowell, born Oc- 
tober 5, 1852, died April 7, 1S54; Margaret Irvin, born 
November 22, 1855, died July 25, 1S56; Joseph SuUi- 
vant, born June 9, 1S59, died September 29, 1859; 
Morton, born June 23, 1864, died August 23, 1S64 ; 
Henry SuUivant, born August 5, 1857, was with his 
parents on the plains, and declined an appointment as 
engineer cadet at Annapolis, but spent two years with 
an expedition to the South Seas. He then entered 
Wabash College, and graduated June 25, 1879. James 
Beebee was born October 23, i860; he was also on the 
plains, and, after three years at Wabash College, took a 
commercial course at Russell's Collegiate and Military 

School, at New Haven, Connecticut. General Carring- 
ton's second wife was the third daughter of Robert 
Courtney and Eliza Jane Haynes, of Tennessee ; Mr. 
Courtney having removed from Richmond, Virginia, in 
1825. Although a slave-holder he was sure that the 
system was wrong, and that the nation would never re- 
alize its highest prosperity until freedom became general. 
Of peculiar gentleness, combined with firmness in his 
moral and religious views, he taught and transmitted 
the precepts which marked his children, when, shortly 
after his death, the war began. His widow and daugh- 
ters were thoroughly enlisted in the Union causes 
When the first Federal troops, consisting of the first 
battalion of the 15th United States Infantry, Major 
John H. King commanding, entered Franklin, Tennes- 
see, March 16, 1862, it was greeted with an outspoken 
"Hurrah for the banner whose loveliness hallows the 
air," by one daughter, Florence Octie, afterwards Mrs. 
Cochnower. With her sister Fannie she kept up com- 
munication with the Federal authorities, and after the bat- 
tle of Franklin, which raged near their house, the mother, 
two daughters, a young brother, John — now a lawyer at 
Crawfordsville, Indiana — relieved the Federal wounded, 
about two hundred in number, who had been removed 
to the Presbyterian Church; dressed their wounds and 
took the sole care of them during seventeen days, until 
the return of the Federal army from Nashville. Gen- 
eral Thomas made official notice of the unselfish devo- 
tion of this family, and says of the important intelli- 
gence communicated by the sister Fannie of the 
movements of the enemy, "Her information was on all 
occasions given from patriotic motives, as she has inva- 
riably refused any pecuniary reward." The Sanitary 
Commission published her detailed report of the battle 
of Franklin, and the trying hospital experience; but an 
emphatic request limits the writer's desire to give full 
details of an experience which was that of conscien- 
tious duty, avoiding public display. She married Col- 
onel G. W. Grummond after the war. Being subse- 
quently appointed a lieutenant in the l8th United States 
Infantry, he was a victim of the Phil. Kearney massacre 
of December 21, 1866. A single extract from Mrs. 
Carrington's "Experience on the Plains" is not to be 
omitted. "To a woman whose house and heart received 
the widow as a sister, and whose office it was to advise 
her of the facts, the recital of the scenes of that day, 
even at this late period, is full of pain ; but at that time 
the Christian fortitude and holy calmness ' with which 
Mrs. Grummond looked up to her Heavenly Father for 
wisdom and strength inspired all with something of her 
own patience to know the worst and meet its issues." 
The tender association of these two women during such 
an ordeal, and during a winter's march, when the mercury 
was sometimes forty degrees below zero, was never in- 
terrupted. While one accompanied her husband's re- 


[8th Dist. 

mains to Tennessee, Mrs. Carrington underwent nearly 
three more years of frontier exposure, and survived that 
exposure but a few months after her husband reached 
Wabash College. In April, 1871, General Carrington 
married the former companion of his wife's experience 
on the plains. Their children are: Robert Chase, born 
January 28, 1872; Henrietta, born April 28, 1874; 
Eliza Jennie, born April 27, 1875; ^nd Willie Wands, 
by Mrs. Carrington's first husband, born April 14, 1867, 
and adopted by General Carrington upon his second 
marriage. General Carrington retained his voluntary 
detail at Wabash College until June, 187S; was called 
to deliver the historical oration at Monmouth, New Jer- 
sey, when the corner-stone was laid to the Battle Monu- 
ment, June 28, and since that time has devoted himself 
to the completion of his other works, already referred 
to. Thus far he has declined positions tendered as rail- 
road engineer and professor of history, but has accepted 
an invitation to complete his paper upon American and 
European Railway Systems for future delivery in Great 

I|aRTER, WILLIAM W., attorney-at-law, Brazil, 
L Indiana, was born in Warren County, Ohio, Sep- 
.'-•iT; tember lo, 1836. He is a son of John and Jemima 
^0'' (Patton) Carter, the former a native of Virginia, 
and the latter of Maryland, and of English and Welsh 
descent. His paternal grandfather was a Revolutionary 
hero, fighting under General Washington, and his father 
was for a time engaged as teamster in the second con- 
test with Great Britain. In October, 1837, his parents 
moved to Clay County, Indiana, and settled on a farm 
in Posey Township. The locality at that time was little 
else than a vast expanse of unoccupied territory. Here, 
amidst the surroundings of a rural home, began the ca- 
reer of young Carter, and here he was taught the use 
of the ax, mattock, and hoe. The only means of scho- 
lastic training was that afforded by the rude pioneer 
school-house, wherein the patient pedagogue gave in- 
struction in the rudiments of the three R's, and wielded 
llie liirch with the air of an autocrat. But good use 
was made of these meager facilities, so that at the age 
of seventeen Mr. Carter entered the literary department 
of Asbury University, at Greencastle, Indiana, where he 
applied himself assiduously to his studies for two years, 
lie had now made up his mind that he would qualify 
himself for the profession of law, and in pursuance of 
this idea he entered the office of Hon. Harvey D. Scott 
and R. W. Thompson, of Terre Haute, — the 
latter now Secretary of War — and began reading the text- 
books. This, however, continued but a short time, for, 
feeling the necessity of better facilities than could be 
fouiKl in an ofTice with active practitioners, whose time 
was entirely consumed with weighty legal matters, he 

repaired again to the farm for the purpose of augment- 
ing his exchequer, to enable him to take a course of 
study in a law school. This he accomplished, and 
in 1857 entered the Law Department of Asbury Uni- 
versity, where, in the spring of 1859, he graduated witli 
praiseworthy honors. Immediately after graduation he 
located in Bowling Green, then the county seat of Clay 
County, and entered regularly upon the practice of law, 
and a few months subsequently became associated with 

D. E. Williamson, of Greencastle, Indiana. From the 
very outset Mr. Carter demonstrated that his profession 
was well chosen, for so readily did he adapt himself 
to its requirements that soon after commencing the 
practice he had quite a lucrative business, for a young 
attorney in a community already well stocked with law- 
yers of older and graver heads, some of whom ranked 
with the very ablest in the state. He had just become 
fairly initiated into the intricacies of his chosen pro- 
fession, when, in his view of the nation's situation, it 
demanded that he should quit the quiet pursuit of a 
professional life to take his place among the Union 
hosts against secession. Nor did he wait to secure an 
officer's commission as an extra incemive, though worthy 
of such a distinction. He enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany D, 71st Regiment Indiana Volunteers, and went 
immediately to the front. The first engagement in 
which he participated was at Richmond, Kentucky, 
where the Federal forces were defeated by General 

E. Kirby Smith, and the 71st was captured. It was 
in this desperate encounter that the brave Major 
William Conkling was killed. Thus an imjiortant va- 
cancy was to be filled, and a combination of circum- 
stances pointed to Mr. Carter as the man for the place. 
After the regiment was paroled they remained in Camp 
Dick Thompson, at Terre Haute, for some time. In 
September a satisfactory exchange was effected with the 
Confederacy, and the regiment was again ready for 
active service in the field; but a major was lacking for 
the regiment, and in this connection, on the thirteenth 
day of December, occurred one of the most remarkable 
instances of promotion of the whole war — the commis- 
sioning of Mr. Carter as major, over the heads of all the 
commissioned and non-commissioned officers of his regi- 
ment, from private up to the rank of major, some of 
whom were avowed aspirants for the position. Com- 
mencing with the January following his promotion to 
the position as major, his regiment was stationed at In- 
dianapolis, and chiefly employed in guarding rebel pris- 
oners until July i, 1863, and shortly after the 71st was 
recruited, and changed to the 6th Indiana Cavalry. 
Soon after this it will be remembered that General John 
Morgan began his daring raid into Indiana and Ohio. 
The 71st went to the state line to intercept his move- 
ments, and spent some time in guarding property at 
New Albany, Indiana, and during the following Sep- 

Sih £>ist.] 


fember and October the battalion was stationeil at 
Movint Sterling, Kentucky. In November following, it 
was ordered to Somerset, Kentucky, and in December 
went to East Tennessee, where it was engaged in some 
hotly contested skirmishes. About this time the regi- 
ment suffered great privations and hardships on account 
of insufficient food and clothing. Its ne.\'t order was to 
return to Mount Sterling, Kentucky. From Mount 
Sterling it was ordered to Camp Nelson, and afterward 
it constituted a part of General Sherman's command, 
and soon after crossed over the mountains and joined 
the main body of the army, near Dalton, Georgia. Major 
Carter's command remained with General Sherman until 
his forces reached Atlanta, and then it returned to Dal- 
ton, and from there to Nashville, Tennessee, where it 
took part in the battle which occurred soon after reach- 
ing that city, between the gallant General George H. 
Thomas and the Confederate General Hood. After 
this battle it went into camp at Nashville, where it re- 
mained till March, 1S65, and then marched to Pulaski, 
Tennessee. Soon after — the war being over — all that 
remained of the old 71st Indiana returned to Indiana, 
giving joy to many weary and anxious ones who had 
long waited for them, and the men mustered out of the 
service as veterans. History teems with the conflicts, 
diflficulties, and ever diversified career of the 17th Regi- 
ment, and of the hardships and privations it passed 
through, and yet no one has ever said that it shrank 
from duty or played the coward. The course of Major 
Carter was ever praiseworthy and commendable. He 
was courageous, brave, and resolute, and demonstrated 
great regard for the welfare of his men, by whom he 
was highly respected and esteemed. After the close of 
the war Major Carter returned to Bowling Green, and 
resumed the practice of law. In 1868 he was the 
choice of the Republican party of his district for Con- 
gress, making the race against Senator Voorhees, and 
was only defeated by one hundred and twenty-eight 
votes in a district which was generally Democratic by 
some five thousand majority, and which Mr. Voorhees 
carried in the succeeding campaign, against Moses F. 
Dunn, by over fourteen hundred majority. In 1868 
Major Carter formed a law partnership with Silas D. 
Coffey, Esq., which still continues in a harmonious and 
satisfactory manner. In May, 1S76, the firm of Carter 
& Coffey removed to Brazil, now the county seat of 
Clay, and here they have since resided. In politics 
Mr. Carter is a uniform and zealous Republican, but 
never permits his political predilections to be a barrier 
to personal friendship. In 187S he was placed at the 
head of the Republican county ticket for Representative 
to the state Legislature against his expressed desire, but 
his county being largely Democratic he was of course 
defeated. On the sixteenth day of June, 1869, he was 
married to Miss Lucy E. Campbell, an interesting and 

amiable lady, daughter of John S. and Julia A. Camp- 
bell, of Bowling Green, Indiana. He is the father of 
two children, Olive and Howard. As an attorney 
Major Carter takes rank with the most eminent lawyers 
in the state. As an advocate he stands at the head of 
the Brazil bar, and has few, if any, superiors anywhere, 
and is no less distinguished on the stump. He is a 
gentleman of high personal honor and integrity, and as 
a result has the confidence and esteem of all who know 

— "iMt-' — 

yj^OFFEY, SILAS D., of Brazil, Clay County, was 
tJn born on a farm in Owen County, Indiana, on the 
j-i, 23d of February, 1839. He is a son of Hodge R. 
c)"' and Hannah Coff'ey — the former a native of Ten- 
nessee, of Irish descent, and the latter from North Car- 
olina, and of English extraction. His early education was 
received at a district school, but in i860 he entered the 
.State University at Bloomington, where he remained 
until the beginning of the Rebellion. When that oc- 
curred he enlisted in the Union service for three months 
at first, and afterwards' for a year. When President 
Lincoln issued his call for seventy-five thousand soldiers 
for three years or during the war, his regiment, the 14th 
Indiana Volunteers, responded, and was so mustered in. 
He remained on active duty until June, 1S63, when he 
was transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps, serving 
with it until the time of his enlistment expired the next 
year. The 14th Indiana won an enviable reputation in 
the field, and of its members none were more deserving 
than Mr. Cofi"ey. When he reached home he deter- 
mined to begin the practice of law, making a partnership 
for that purpose with Allen T. Rose, then one of the 
most prominent and influential members of the bar in 
Bowling Green. After a number of years of arduous 
exertion, this connection was dissolved by mutual con- 
sent, in the autumn of 186S, and another one formed by 
Mr. Coff'ey, with Major W. W. Carter, which still con- 
tinues. Two years before this he had been the candi- 
date for prosecuting attorney for the district composed 
of the counties of Owen, Greene, Clay, and Putnam, 
making the race against Hon. John C. Robinson, but 
the district being largely Democratic he was of course 
defeated. In 1873 he was a candidate for Circuit 
Judge in Clay and Putnam Counties, but the same 
reason operated to prevent his election, although running 
far in advance of his ticket. His opponent was Judge 
Solon Turman, of Greencastle. Mr. Coffey is an hon- 
ored member of the Masons, having joined that fra- 
ternity years ago. Polifically, he is an unflinching Re- 
publican. He was married, on the 1st of November, 
1864, to Miss Caroline L. Byles, daughter of William 
and Sarah Byles, of Baltimore County, Marjland, his 
present accomplished lady. He is the father of four 



[8th Dist. 

cliiklren, one son and three (laughters. As an attorney 
he has attained a high reputation, his knoiyledge of law 
and his success in pleading probably placing him above 
any other member of the Brazil bar. He is a gentleman 
of fmc social qualities, though quiet and unobtrusive, 
and of the most undoubted integrity. Studious and at- 
tentive to details, his business is continually growing. 
His reputation is entirely self-made, as he began life 
without patrimony or influence. His achievements have 
been the result of untiring industry and economy, and 
he is therefore what we frequently read about but seldom 
see — the "architect of his own fortune." 

fOMPTON, ISAAC M., of Brazil, Clay County, 
Indiana, was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, 
March 30, 1832. His parents, Nathan and Jane 
„ (Hawkins) Compton, were natives of New Jersey — 
his father being of English and German ancestry, and his 
mother of English descent. His father followed the 
occupation of farming; and when the subject of this 
sketch was five years of age he moved to Indiana, set- 
tling in Clay County. Here he remained with his fa- 
ther, working on the farm through spring-time and har- 
vest, and attending the common district schools during 
the winler months, until he attained his eighteenth 
year, when he engaged in carpentering, his father pur- 
chasing a set of tools for this purpose. After five years' 
employment at this occupation Mr. Compton entered 
the store of D. C. Stunkard, in Brazil, as clerk, re- 
mained there three years, and then for two years was 
engaged in the employment of Olds & Brackney. In 
1861 Mr. Compton opened a grocery store, which he 
continued for two years, then selling out to Mr. Stunk- 
ard. He served as township assessor from 1S55 to 1857. 
Having been in 1857 elected a Justice of the Peace of 
Van Buren Township, he held that office, fulfilling its 
duties to the entire satisfaction of the community, for 
eight years. In August, 1S62, he volunteered in the 
service, and was elected by his comrades first lieutenant. 
The regiment was sent to Kentucky, and was in the 
battle of Mumfordsville on the 14th of September, 1862. 
Mr. Compton was taken prisoner, and was released and 
sent home. He soon after decided upon the study of 
law as a profession. Devoting several years to prepara- 
tion, he was admitted to the practice in Clay County in 
1866, and entered into partnership with Hon. Milton 
A. Osborn, of Grcencastle. This partnership was dis- 
solved in 1871. He then continued his ]inif(jssion with 
Samuel W. Curtis, and from 1874 to 1S77 in part- 
nership with Charles E. Matson. In 1S79 the law firm 
was composed of himself ,ind Samuel M. McGregor, his 
present partner. In 1S72 the Democracy of his county 
gave Mr. Compton the nomination for Representative, 

without opposition. That, however, being the year or 
the Greeley movement, he was defeated. In 1876 he 
was again nominated for the same position, and was 
elected to the state Legislature by a majority of three 
hundred votes. Serving in this capacity to the great 
benefit of his constituents, he was in 187S re-elected by 
three hundred and twenty majority. During the session 
of 1877 he served on the Committees on Organization 
of Courts, Rights and Privileges of the Inhabitants of 
the State, and Railroads, and on Special Committee on 
Mines and Mining, looking with great zeal after the min- 
eral interests of his county. He was the author of Comp- 
ton's Ventilation Bill, No. 66, which, through his ear- 
nest effort, passed the House without a dissenting vote, 
but was defeated in the Senate. Mr. Compton then 
succeeded in inserting a plank in the platform of the 
Democratic State Convention, in 1S78, calling for a 
ventilation bill. At the session of the Legislature in 
1879 he was on the Committees on the Judiciary, Rail- 
roads and Mileage, and Accounts, and was chairman 
of the Committee on Mines and Mining, acting also on 
the Joint Committee on Public Buildings. His chief 
aim during the session of 1879 was to get a mining law 
passed for the protection of the great interests of the 
state of Indiana, and in particular of Clay County, and 
for that purpose he introduced House Bill No. 7, to 
which he devoted that untiring energy and watchfulness 
characteristic of the man, until by his efforts it passed 
the House without a dissenting voice, and in the Senate 
was passed after great opposition on the part of friends 
of capitalists and operators. This bill was, without 
doubt, one of the most useful ones brought before either 
House, and is calculated to protect not only the mining 
interests, but the lives and health of the men who go 
down into the depths of the earth and bring its treasures 
to light. In 1859 Mr. Compton became a charter mem- 
ber of Brazil Lodge, No. 264, in the Order of Free and 
Accepted Masons, and in i860 of the Independent Order 
of Odd-fellows, being a charter member of Brazil Lodge, 
No. 215, and he has held high positions in both orders. 
He has always been a Democrat, though never a bitter 
partisan. November 3, 1S53, he marriecl Miss Mary A. 
Elkin, daughter of Benjamin F. Elkin, Esq., of Bowling 
Green, Indiana. With her he lived happily until her 
death. May 24, 1S79. He has two children, now grown — a 
daughter, Lizzie, and a son, Charlie. The latter is a 
bright lad of fourteen. The daughter is married to 
John B. Smead, proprietor of a marble-yard in Brazil. 
Mr. Compton is esteemed most highly by those who 
know him best, as an honest and upright citizen, hospi- 
table, and always interested in charitable enterprises, 
and who attends carefully to business, both for himself 
and those who intrust their interests in his hands. For 
the invaluable service rendered, not only to his own 
section, but to the state, he is now favorably spoken of 

*--^^ ^ (^__ ^^^C . ^(l^'^^L^y4<2^^CPl^ 

Slh Dht.] 


for Congress, and will no doubt be returned to the slate 
Senate if he so desire. Such men as Mr. Compton are 
those who give a healthy impetus to the wheels of leg- 
islation, and the men who are demanded by the people 
as legislators. 

ipOWAN, JOHN M., the subject of this sketch, 
"vl I was born in Indianajjolis, December 6, 1821. His 
f-ij) parents were John Cowan and Anna (Maxwell) 
^"S^ Cowan, of Scotch-Irish lineage. His fallier was a 
native of Virginia, and at an early age accompanied the 
family to the state of Tennessee, where he spent the 
first twenty years of his life; afterward removing to 
Kentucky, and thence to Charlestown, in the then terri- 
tory of Indiana. Upon the breaking out of the Indian 
troubles, he volunteered under General William Henry 
Harrison, accompanying him through the entire cam- 
paign, and taking part in the battle of Tippecanoe, and 
serving two years thereafter as a dragoon scout, until the 
final settlement of hostilities between the Wabash tribes 
.and the whites. From Charlestown he removed to In- 
dianapolis, of which city he was among the earliest 
settlers. In the autumn of 1S22 he finally removed to a 
point two and a half miles south-west of Cra\^■fordsviIle, 
and engaged in farming. Young John was early reared 
to habits of industry and frugality. His father dying 
when he was about eleven years old, the family estate 
was dissipated by the unfortunate speculations of an ad- 
ministrator, leaving the boy and his mother to struggle 
with adversity as best they were able. He tock a man's 
burdens while thus yet a child, and uncomplainingly and 
with more than ordinary fortitude endured the labor, 
until in course of time fortune yielded the reward of 
his efforts. He entered the grammar school of Wabash 
College in 1836, and was graduated from the classical 
course in 1S42, when he received the appointment of 
a deputy clerk of Clinton County, and removed to 
Krankfort. There he began the study of law, and in a 
few years was enabled to attend the Law School of the 
Indiana University, where he completed his preparatory 
legal studies, and graduated under the tutorage of Hon. 
David McDonald, afterward Judge of the District Court 
of the United States for the state of Indiana. Return- 
ing to Frankfort, he engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession, and in 1845 was married to Harriet D. Janney, 
a descendant of a prominent Virginia family. His law 
practice, in partnership with lion. James F. Suit, at 
Frankfort, became lucrative ami absorbing; and his 
early habits of industry, wedded to an intense love of 
study, soon gave him an extensive and favorable rep- 
utation as a lawyer in North-western Indiana, so that 
in 1S58, when he was nominated for the judgeship in 
the Eighth Judicial Circuit, although his competitor 

was an experienced and able jurist, and the political 
complexion of the circuit was adverse, he was elected 
by a large majority. His duties for the six years ensu- 
ing were most laborious and exacting, and a proper 
criterion of the merit he earned by a faithful, intelli- 
gent, and honest discharge of the judicial functions is 
found in the fact that, at the expiration of the term for 
which he was elected, he was unanimously renominated 
by the party with which he affiliated, and was re-elected, 
without any real opposition from the other party, for 
another term of six years. Having completed his la- 
bors upon the bench in 1870, he returned to the prac- 
tice of law at Crawfordsville, where he had removed 
with his family in 1S64. Here he formed a partnership 
with Hon. Thomas M. Patterson, now member of Con- 
gress from Colorado, and at the end of a prosperous 
connection of two years he became a partner in the firm 
of Cowan, White & Cowan, composed of Hon. M. D. 
White, now member of Congress from the Eighth Con- 
gressional District of Indiana, and his second son, James 
E. Cowan. After nearly three years' labor in this latter 
firm, he permanently retired from the active practice of 
his well-loved profession, and became connected with 
the First National Bank of Crawfordsville as legal 
director, where he yet remains engaged, displaying that 
constant zeal, peculiar business tact, and uns\\'erving in- 
tegrity that have so especially characterized his long 
and busy life. Like his ancestry, he and his family are 
adherents of the Presbyterian faith. Three sons and one 
daughter have been born to them, all living and grown 
to manhood and womanhood. In person Judge Cowan 
is of slight build, nervous, active, with a modestly dig- 
nified air and a frank, open countenance, that displays 
the leading qualities of the man. He is not a politi- 
cian, yet holds strong convictions as to true political 
duties, and upon all those questions of morality \\-hich 
more or less enter into politics. He is invariably on the 
right side, while at the same time native modesty and 
a kind of diffidence prevent his becoming a champion, 
in the popular sense of the word. He is a man who 
strongly attracts the best elements in a community, and 
when he makes friends they are for a life-time. 


ULBERTSON, ROBERT H., physician and sur- 
geon, Brazil, Clay County, Indiana, was born in 
Bedford, Lawrence County, Indiana, on the twenty- 
'^c)'' fifth day of October, 1830. He is a son of Joseph 
and Eliza (Lowrey) Culberlson, natives of Pennsylvania, 
his father being of Scotch-Irish ancestry, and his mother 
of English descent. At an early day his parents removed 
from Pennsylvania to Indiana, and located at the present 
site of the town of Bedford, which then showed little 
evidences of civilized life. After a settlement was 


[Sik Dist. 

cffcclfl tlic I.owrcys (uncles to llic subject of this sketch) 
bill mil aiul csl:il)lislic;cl the town. Here liis parents re- 
mained until he was five years of age, when they moved 
to Warren County, and settled on a farm near the town 
of Williamsport. In 1837 they again changed locations, 
to lilooinficld, Greene County, and soon after to Wash- 
ington, Daviess County. At this place most of the 
scholastic training of young Culbertson was received. 
At such limes as the schools were in session in winter 
he allendcd until his tenth year, when he entered the 
store of lames Canrpbell, then a most estimable and 
worthy inereliant of that place, being with him about -a 
year, and, leaving, again entered school, where he ap- 
])lied himself zealously to the pursuit of knowledge. In 
his sixteenth year, an opportunity presenting, he entered 
the clerk's office of Knox County as deputy under W. 
K. McCord, clerk of the county. After a year he went 
to Edwardsport, in the same county, and began reading 
medicine in the office of the now venerable Doctor J. 
T. Freeland, at present of Freelandsville, Indiana. He 
assiduously applied himself to the perusal of the various 
text-books on medicine for three consecutive years. In 
the winter of 1849-50 Doctor Culbertson attended a 
course of lectures in the Ohio Medical College, at Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and returning home in the spring of 1850 
immediately entered upon the practice of his profession 
at his old place of study. His calling was evidently 
well chosen, for he was successful from the beginning, 
lie remained at Edwardsport until 1854, when he re- 
moved to Bowling Green, then the county seat of Clay 
County, entering into a partnership with Doctor W. G. 
McMillan, which lasted for three years, when by mutual 
consent the partnership was dissolved. After this Doc- 
tor Culbertson practiced alone till 1868, when he again 
entered the Ohio Medical College, where, in the spring 
of 1869, he graduated. Returning to Bowling Green, 
he visited the sick as before until 1872, when he relo- 
cale<l at his present home, Brazil, Indiana. In Septem- 
ber, 1S62, Doctor Culbertson entered the military serv- 
ice of the United States as senior surgeon in the 80th 
Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, and remained in the 
discharge of his duties as such surg.eon for nearly two 
years, or until the spring of 1S64, when, in consequence 
of prolonged ill-health, he was forced to resign and re- 
turn home, in the hope of regaining his lost strength. 
.\ftcr a brief sojourn, however, among friends and rela- 
tives, he again enteretl the .service, this tiine as contract 
surgeon, joining General Sherman's army. He remained 
in litis line of service till the close of the Rebellion, 
moving from point to point in charge of various hos- 
pitals. At Glasgow, Kentucky, Doctor Culbertson was 
l)romoted to post surgeon, a much deserved compliment 
to his skill, but which he most respectfully declined to till, 
except for a brief period. Instead of litis he joined his 
regiment at Knoxville, Tennessee, and resumed his old 

line of service. Doctor Culbertson is an honored mem- 
ber of the Fiee and Accepted Masons, having joined 
that fraternity in 1865, and the Knights of Pythias in 
1S6S. Politically, he was a Whig, in the days of that 
party, casting his presidential vote for General Winfield 
Scott in 1S52, since which time he has regularly voted 
with the Republican party. On the 2d of November, 
1S69, Doctor Culbertson was married to Miss Eliza Win- 
gate, daughter of J. Cannon Wingate, Esq., of Bain- 
bridge, Indiana, a most estimable and intelligent lady. 
He is the father of one son, a sprightly and intelligent 
lad of seven summers, Charley Culbertson. As a physi- 
cian he takes high rank. He is a close student, a man 
of honor and integrity in his profession, and as a con- 
sequence is highly esteemed by his fellow practitioners. 
Few attain the success that has attached to his practice, 
and steadily increases. By his kindness, frankness, and 
hospitality, Doctor Culbertson has won a place in the 
hearts of his fellow-men which is rarely attained. He 
takes much pleasure in informing himself about the 
events of the day, and the rapid strides that are con- 
stantly being made in medical science. All in all. Doc- 
tor Culbertson's success in life, considering the inauspi- 
cious beginning, has been almost phenomenal, and, 
strange to say, he claims little credit to himself for his 
achievements. It is contrary to his.nature. He is quiet 
and unassuming, and emphatically a gentleman, and 
makes it a rule to attend zealously to the duty of the hour. 
A good conversationalist, he is well informed in En- 
glish literature. Doctor Culbertson has certainly lived 
to some purpose. He has not lived for himself only, 
but for society as well, and as such has merited the re- 
spect and esteem which are so universally and appropri- 
ately reposed in him. He is a valued citizen, a kind 
husband and indulgent father, a student, and a 

OHERTY, FISHER, of Crawfordsville, was born 
in Columbus, Ohio, May 25, 1817, and is the son 
, of John D. and Mary (Fisher) Doherty, formerly 
?£.''• of Berks County, Pennsylvania. Fisher lived in 
Columbus until 1832, and subsequently at Brookvillc, 
Connersville, and Indianapolis, and in the spring of 
1S44 he removed to Crawfordsville, his present Itome. 
i While a carriage-maker by trade, and for many years 
1 engaged in that pursuit, Mr. Doherly has been one of 
the most active and energetic business men of Craw- 
j fordsville. He has erected and owned several prom- 
! incnt brick blocks, and is yet a considerable real estate 
I holder. He has met the usual fate of enterprising men, 
alternate success and reverse, but he has always been 
cheerful and confident ; has promptly met every obliga- 
tion, and his name is good in bank and on change. He 
! is one of the Taplin (Missouri) Land Corporation. He 



^y^ if^^^ 


Sth Disl.\ 



married Miss Sarah Owens, Ajiril 4, 1S40. Three chil- 
dren, two sons and a daughter, have resulted from 
this union. In many respects Mr. Doherty is a man of 
marked characteristics. He claims to be an advanced 
thinker, but is always ready to yield old opinions to 
new convictions. Politically, he was a pronounced Aboli- 
tionist, and while it was dangerous to be outspoken he 
openly defied public sentiment at every opportunity, or 
if the opportunity was lacking he sometimes created 
it. He was, and is, aggressive without being offensive. 
Having lived to see slavery wiped out he allied himself 
to the Republican party, but at a later date united with 
the Greenbackers, and became one of their fervent 
advocates. He is ready in debate, well informed, seizes 
quickly every possible advantage, and never acknowl- 
edges himself defeated. He has never sought popular- 
ity or place, but when he was nominated by his party 
as their candidate for joint Representative, from Mont- 
gomery and Park Counties, he surprised the opposition 
by carrying his own township (Union) by eighty-four 
votes, overcoming a majority of two hundred at home, 
and winning his county by one hundred and fifty votes — 
a victory which amply compensated him for an expecled 
defeat aliroad. In earlv manhood Mr. Doherty was a 
deist, but became an atheist, from which belief, or 
rather disbelief, he was drawn by his investigations in the 
field of modern sjjiritualism, extending through a series 
of years. In this phase of theology Mr. Doherty is more 
at home, if possible, than in his political tenets. He 
is not only thoroughly in earnest, and claims that he 
has sufficient grounds for his convictions, but he chal- 
lenges investigation into the palpable proofs he presents. 
He is a practical business man ; has certainly shown 
himself capable of amassing money and investing it 
wisely, is truthful and honest, and he claims the same 
credence for what he knows of spiritualism as for what 
he knows of worldly affairs. He does not descend to 
abuse, but is inclined to take a cheerful view of man- 
kind, and would rather persuade than drive them into 
his belief. But his spiritualism is of the most unmis- 
takable type, and he believes that, as man becomes 
prepared for the reception of spirit influence, the inhab- 
itants of the two worlds converse face to face. The 
evidence he brings to bear in favor of these manifes- 
tations has staggered the unbelief of many sensible 

— :-*»»-« — 


'^IT'aRLV, JACOB DRENNAN, of Terre Haute, 
'ijij' was born in Fleming County, Kentucky, January 
fcK I, 1799, and was the third of seven children of 
S^^ Joseph and Catherine (Prcnnan) Early. The 
branch of the Early family from which the subject of this 
memoir is descended traces its lineage in this country 
to ancestors of English birth, who came to America 

early in the eighteenth century. Thomas Early, the pa- 
ternal grandfather of Jacob, born in New Jersey in 
1742, and removed to Virginia in 1764, and in the lat- 
ter state his son Joseph was born, March 4, 1770. In 
17S8 the family emigrated to Kentucky and settled near 
the mouth of Limestone, now known as the city of 
Maysville. Joseph Early was married, at Mill's Station, 
to Miss Catherine Drennan, daughter of Captain Jacob 
Drennan, and the issue of this marriage was seven chil- 
dren, of whom the subject of our sketch was one. The 
wife and mother died February 4, 1816, and in 1839 
Joseph Early sold his farm in Mason County, Kentucky, 
and removed to Terre Haute, Indiana, where he passed 
the remainder of his life under the roof of his son Ja- 
cob, and where he died, July 2, 1842. Captain Jacob 
Drennan, the maternal grandfather of Mr. Early, served 
under General George Rogers Clarke, in the famous ex- 
pedition of the latter against the British posts in the 
North-west, which resulted in the acquisition by the 
colonies of the territory now comprising the states of 
Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Various 
branches of the Early family are located in Virginia and 
Kentucky, and include many names of local prominence. 
In 1814 Jacob D. Early, whose younger days had been 
spent on his father's farm and were of the character usual 
to that period, determined to earn his own living, and at 
the age of fifteen entered a grocery store as clerk, in 
the vilhage of May's Lick, Mason County, Kentucky, 
where he remained a little over a year, serving his no- 
vitiate in mercantile life. He then accepted a position 
to take charge of a store at Greenupsburg, Kentucky, 
for a Mr. Dougherty, walking the whole distance, of 
ninety miles, from Maysville to his destination. The 
stock of goods at Greenupsburg having been disposed 
of, he again found himself out of business, and in June, 
1S15, he returned for a short lime to his father's house, 
working on the farm during the Rummer and fall of that 
year. The ensuing March (1816) he obtained a position 
in the store of Saunders & Iliggins at Flemingsburg, at 
the princely salary of sixty dollars per year and board. 
In June, 1S17, his employers decided to remove with 
their stock to Salem, Washington County, Indiana, and 
Mr. Early was invited to accompany them. His father's 
consent having been obtained, he set out for what \\"as 
destined to be his future home, and arrived in due time at 
Salem. About this time Indiana was preparing for emerg- 
ing from her territorial condition into the privileges of a 
sovereign state, and a convention was held at Corydon, 
Harrison County, for the purpose of forming a constitu- 
tion for the new state. During the ensuing canvass ffir 
state officers, Mr. Early became acquainted with most of 
the candidates for office, among whom were the former 
territorial Governor, Posey, Jonathan Jennings, the suc- 
cessful candidate for first Governor of Indiana, and Chris- 
topher Harrison, the first Lieutenant-governor, the latter 



IStk Dut. 

a prominent merchant of Salem. In January, 1S17, while 
on a visit to Fleniingsliurg, Kentucky, he accepted an 
offer fnira John N. Slncl<well, of that place, to keep 
store for him at a salary of one hundred and fifty dol- 
lars per year — a considerable advance from his former 
income, sixty ilollars — to commence at the expiration of 
his term of service with Saunders & Higgins. As his 
employers became acquainted with his brightening pros- 
pects the value of his services rose in proportion, and 
inducements were held out to him to remain; but his 
word had been pledged, and no pecuniary consideration 
coulil induce him to violate his agreement. Accord- 
ingly, about the 1st of March, 1817, he entered the em- 
ployment of Mr. Stockwell, at Flemingsburg, where, 
however, he remained but a short time, as a change of 
proprietors released him from his contract, and he im- 
mediately engaged with Messrs. Wallace & Triplett, 
of the same place, at a salary of two hundred dollars 
per year. The next year his salary was raised to 
three hundred dollars, and at the expiration of five 
years Mr. Early found himself in the possession of one 
thousand dollars, with which, being satisfied of his 
ability to conduct an establishment of his own, he deter- 
mined to commence business for himself. Refusing an 
offer of a partnership from his employers, he began busi- 
ness on his own account in 1823 in a rented store- 
room opposite to them, and soon, by the amiability 
of his temperament, and a courtesy of manner which 
was ever one of his characteristics, attracted a large 
number of customers, his first year's business exhibiting 
a margin of four thousand dollars over all expenses. 
This f.ict speaks volumes for his careful management 
and his pre-eminent adaptability for a mercantile career. 
Three years after, he felt secure of his ability to sup- 
port a wife, and, on tlie 2d of March, 1826, he was 
married to Miss Mary H. Stockwell, daughter of Sam- 
uel Stockwell, of Flemingsburg, and soon settled in 
a small dwelling he had purchased and plainly fur- 
nished. Here, July 12, 1827, his son, Samuel S. Early, born, and here, where the happiest days of his life 
were spent, he also drained the cup of sorrow to its 
dregs, losing his young wife by death on the 25th of 
February, 1S2S. She was a lady of a most amiable dis- 
position, universally beloved, a loving and devoted wife 
and mother, and her loss was the greatest blow of his 
life. For five years longer Mr. Early continued to do 
business in Flemingsburg, and his establishment was the 
most flourishing dry-goods house in the place. His af- 
fability anil kind manner gained him universal patron- 
age, and his honesty, truth, and integrity secured and 
retained hosts of friends. February 25, 1S33, he was 
again marrieil, to Miss .\x\\\ C. Reynolds, of Baltimore, 
and in September, 1835, he removed to the city of Terre 
Haute, of which he remained a resiileni untd his death, 
January 6, lS6y. A brother, John I)., ha<l preceded 

him several years, and was one of the pioneer pork- 
packers and general merchants. Subsequently, the lat- 
ter moved to Baltimore, and Jacob D. remained in pos- 
session of his mercantile and packing business, to which 
he devoted himself with extraordinary success. Mer- 
chants in those days carried much larger stocks of 
goods, in proportion to the size of the place and its 
wealth, than they do now. It was necessary. During 
his long residence in the city of his adoption Mr. Early 
endeared himself to all classes of his fellow-citizens, and, 
in those branches of industry and trade in which he be- 
came interested, he exhibited the highest traits of ca- 
pacity and success. Devoting himself assiduously to his 
business, he never exhibited a trace of that narrow- 
mindedness which too often is developed in the mere 
seeker after wealth. A public-.spirited and generous- 
minded citizen, he was ever ready to aid every good 
and laudable enterprise. Utterly free from any am- 
bition for political preferment, he avoided the responsi- 
bilities of official position, while ever desirous of ad- 
vancing the prosperity of his city. He was connected 
as director with the old State Bank of Indiana, the 
Bank of the State of Indiana, and the National Stale 
Bank of Terre Haute — three institutions, of which the 
two latter were continuations of the first — and was 
several times a member of the earlier councils of the 
city. As a business man he had few equals and no su- 
periors. The quiet manner and unexcitable tempera- 
ment which left the mind unbiased and free to act was 
the secret of his success, and made him known and felt 
in the business of life. In his social relations he was a 
model of kindness and generosity. His home was 
always open to his many friends, and the stranger never 
failed to share in its entertainment. Old and young 
alike, without respect to pecuniary condition, were made 
welcome at his board, and his hospitality, elegant but 
unostentatious, was dispensed with a liberal hand. In 
his declining years, when apparently past the .spirit of 
enjoyment himself, he loved to see the young and old 
meet together in social intercourse, and none felt hap- 
pier than himself when his house was full of happy 
faces and light hearts. These kindly recollections of (he 
good and kind Jacob D. Early will long live in the re- 
membrance of old and young in Terre Haute. Such a 
life points its own moral. The biographer, writing for 
the future as well as for the present generation, would 
be unmindful of his duty if he failed to commend to 
the young the example of such a life. Commencing 
with no capital, but with a determination to succeed, 
and paving the path to prosperity only with the solid 
rocks of honest industry and goodness of character and 
conduct, we have seen success achieved in the face of 
every obstacle, and a name transmitted to posterity that 
sh.all ever shine with the radiance emanating from a life 
of purity and integrity. 


Sth Dist.\ 

jji Haute, was born at Flemingsburg, Kentucky, July 
'fJT 12, 1827, being the only child of Jacob D. and 
^^ Mary (Stockwell) Early. A brief genealogical 
record of his family will be found under the name of 
his father, Jacob D. Early, a sketch of whom ap- 
pears elsewhere in this volume. His mother died a few 
months after his birth, and he was reared by his grand- 
mother, Mrs. Stockwell, who in every way endeavored 
to fill for him the place of his lost parent, and was most 
tenderly and assiduously devoted to his welfare. He 
received his principal education, until he was fourteen, 
in the academy at Flemingsburg, under the tuition of 
the Rev. Dr. Henry Maltby. In this institution many 
persons were prepared for college who have since be- 
come conspicuous in the civil and military history of 
the country, among whom may be mentioned Hon. H. 
B. Porter, General George B. Hodge, Colonel Charles 
Marshall, Judge Walter Lacy, and others of equal 
]irominence. In 1841 he entered Asbury University, 
Greencastle, Indiana, and graduated in 1844, at the age 
of seventeen, having pursued the full classical course, 
and winning honors as Greek orator of his class. The 
class of 1844 numbers on its list many names which 
have since acquired more than local eminence, and 
among them will be recognized Colonel R. N. Hudson, 
Professor James Laverty, afterwards superintendent of 
public instruction of the state of Iowa; Judge Milton 
J. Durham, now member of Congress from Kentucky, 
etc. In 1847 the degree of A. M. was conferred upon 
Mr. Early by his Alma Mater. Mr. Early when quite 
young developed a decided taste m the direction of art 
studies, which almost amounted to a passion ; and, after 
an interval of two or three years spent in his father's 
counting-room at Terre Haute, after his graduation, he 
made the tour of Europe in 1849, paying special atten- 
tion to the examination of art matters, and visiting all 
the famous galleries of the old world. His tour, em- 
bracing all continental Europe except Russia, lasted 
for fifteen months, and .is one of the results of his 
travels and accompanying research Mr. Early's mind is 
stored with a fund of information on art rarely to be 
met with outside the charmed circle of those who have 
devoted all the energies of a life-time to its pursuits 
The writer of this sketch has been favored with a 
glimpse at a manuscript narrative of Mr. Early's tra\cls 
on the European continent, not intended for publica- 
tion, which is illustrated by sketches from his pencil 
portraying scenes of every-day life in Europe. Though 
undertaken by the artist merely to while away a passing 
hour, they evince a fineness of execution and careful at- 
tention to detail which place them far above mediocrity. 
During his absence in Europe, Mr. Early contributed a 
series of interesting letters to the ]Vesleni Christian Ad- 
vocate, then edited by Rev. Matthew Simpson, of Cin- 


cinnati, the present widely known Bishop Simpson, of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. After his return he 
again devoted himself assiduously to business, in part- 
nership with his father. In 1S55 he was married to A. 
Louisa Andrews, of Baltimore, Maryland, a daughter 
of General T. P. Andrews, deputy paymaster-general 
of the United States army, and occupying the position 
of paymaster-general during the late war. Still con- 
tinuing to devote his attention to business, in 1856 he 
became interested in the Prairie City Bank, and was 
elected president, holding the position for six years, 
when the bank was legislated out of existence by the 
repeal of the free-banking law. In 1864 he was 
elected president of the board of trustees of St. Agnes's 
Hall, a female seminary, located at Terre Haute, which 
was eminently successful as an educational institution 
until the advancement of the standard of education in 
the public schools of the state obviated the necessity for 
that class of private schools, and in 1S68 it ceased opera- 
tions. During this period he also held the position of 
director in the National State Bank, which he resigned 
in 1871. In that year he removed temporarily with his 
family to Baltimore, pending the education of his chil- 
dren, still retaining and conducting his business inter- 
ests at Terre Haute. During his residence of five years 
in Baltimore he became prominently identified with its 
literary and art circles, and his name is familiar to all 
connoisseurs in that city as one of the editors and pro- 
prietors of the Baltimore Bulletin, a weekly literary and 
art journal, which took a very high rank among peri- 
odicals of its kind, its criticisms coming to be regarded 
as most influential in all matters pertaining to its depart- 
ment. While in Baltimore, Mr. Early became a leading 
spirit and took a prominent part in art exhibitions, then 
quite an innovation, which, however, were attended 
with gratifying success, and gave a new impetus to the 
study of the laws of beauty in that cosmopolitan city. 
Returning to Terre Haute in 1876, Mr. Early has since 
devoted himself to business, to which he brings all the 
tact and capacity inherited from his father. On the 
death of Colonel William K. Edwards, Mr. Early was 
elected a member and secretary of the board of mana- 
gers of the Rose Polytechnic Institute, the splendid 
foundation of Mr. Chauncey Rose in Terre Haute for 
the technical education of young men. No one man 
who has come under the observation of the writer com- 
bines in such a remarkable degree qualities seemingly 
incompatible, and seldom found united. A shrewd, in- 
dustrious, far-seeing, and prudent business man, a type 
of fhe successful and thrifty merchant, seen in the 
counting-room actively superintending the minuti.'e of 
mercantile life, it seems that there he is at home; en- 
gage him in conversation on the literary, scientific, or 
political topics of the day, and you are astonished at 
the fund of thought, clear and quick perception, and 



[StJi Dht. 

ihorouglincss of culture which lie possesses, and in- 
slinclively you feci lliat in these circles he is in his 
clt-nieiit ; draw him out on the world of art, and you 
find that in this field he is again at home. In short, in 
him you find the prosperous merchant, the diligent stu- 
dent, the cultured scholar, the attractive conversation- 
alist, and the honorable, high-minded gentleman, devoted 
to every interest of pure society, and respected and es- 
teemed by all who come into personal contact with him. 
Mr. Early's family consists of a daughter and three sons, 
the oldest son being a recent graduate of Kenyon Col- 
lege, Ohio. 


~i^ LSTON, COLONEL ISAAC C, banker, Craw- 
Hj)-;'' fordsville, Indiana, second son of Major Isaac C. 
V^\ Elston, was born in Crawfordsville February 5, 
^ixD 1836. He was educated in the village schools and 
at Wabash College, and in 1852 was employed for some 
time in a store, when a spirit of adventure seized him, 
and, in company with others, he went across the plains 
to the Eldorado of the Pacific, with ox and mule teams, 
a journey which occupied four months, from the time of 
leaving the settlements on the Missouri River until the 
parly reached California. Ill-health compelled his re- 
turn in a few months, coming back by tlie Isthmus 
rnutc. In 1S55-56 he attended the University at Ann 
,\rl)or, Micliigan, and studied the modern languages un- 
der the celebrated teacher Professor Fasquelle. Return- 
ing home, he became one of the firm of Lee, Gilkey & 
Co., in the grain trade. In i860, on the election of 
Hon. Henry S. Lane as Governor and United States 
Senator, Mr. Elston took his place in the Elston Bank, 
from that time until now conducted under the style of 
Elston & .Son. But the Rebellion came, and Mr. Elston 
responded to the first call for troops by enlisting a com- 
pany after organization known as Company I, nth 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Mr. Elston was elected 
second lieutenant, and Lew Wallace, afterwards major- 
general, was chosen captain. The latter was appointed 
colonel, and Lieutenant Elston succeeded to his place 
as captain. The regiment spent the three months of its 
enlistment principally in guarding the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad, during which time they were engaged in« 
several skirmishes, and returned home only to re-enlist 
in the three years' service. Captain Elston's company 
was made up of excellent material, and during the war 
furnished a major-general, besides a number of regi- 
mental and company olTicers. Thirty-seven students of 
Wabash College left their books to enlist with him. 
The regiment, now reorganized, was ordered to Paducah, 
where Captain Elston was promoted to major. Then 
followed that brilliant series of engagements at Forts 
Doiu-lson and Henry, and at Shiloh, in all of which his 
comninnd participated. Major Elston was now aii|ioinled 

lieutenant-colonel in the regular army on the staff of 
Major-general Wool, and was assigned to duty with 
Major-general Wallace. In 1863 he resigned, and was 
for a while in business in Cincinnati, and in the spring 
of 1S64 went to Memphis and established the First Na- 
tional Bank of that place. Some months after ill-health 
necessitated his return North, and he engaged for a time 
in stock brokerage in Cincinnati. We next find him, in 
1866, at Buchanan, Michigan, in the lumber trade and 
in manufacturing. The death of his father, in 1867, 
called him home, and he at once assumed management 
of the estate and control of the bank. His interest in 
the latter had not ceased in the intervals of absence, 
and he is at the present writing its president. Colonel 
Elston has been connected with many public enterprises; 
w'as for several years one of the directors of and inti- 
mately connected with the building of the Logansport, 
Crawfordsville and South-western Railroad ; has offici- 
ated as one of the board of directors of the Indianapolis, 
Bloomington and Western Railroad, and was for several 
years president of the Sand Creek Coal Company, of 
Parke County, one of the largest coal corporations in the 
state. In 1S62, on the 7th of August, Colonel Elston was 
married to Sarah, youngest daughter of Colonel John 
Mills, of Marietta, Ohio. Si.x children, one son and five 
daughters, have blessed this union. Mrs. Elston's father. 
Colonel Mills, was born in Marietta, Ohio, where he has 
resided during the eiglitj'-four years of his life, and is 
one of the best known and respected citizens of his state. 
He took an active and prominent part in the building of 
the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad; was president of 
the Marietta branch of the Ohio State Bank; is one of 
the trustees and patrons of Marietta College, and has been, 
during his career of a half century, intimately identified 
with the material and educational interests of the state. 
Colonel Elston inherits many of his traits of character 
from his father. Major Isaac C. Elston, who was widely 
known as one of the pioneers of Montgomery County, and 
as one who carved a fortune out of the rough material of 
those primitive days. His history for nearly half a cen- 
tury is made up very largely of the history of Crawfords- 
ville. Born in New Jersey, in 1794; removing with his 
parents to Onondaga County, New York, he knew but 
little of the learning of the schools; sought the West; 
reached Vincennes in 1S18; engaged in mercantile 
affairs; removed thence in two or three years to Terrc 
Haute, and finally, in 1823, to Crawfordsville, which 
was just laid out, and here, on what was then the out- 
skirt of civilization, the young merchant began that 
business career that soon made him a marked man in 
the little community. He foresaw the rapid develop- 
ment of the state, and among his business ventures was 
the purchase of the site where Michigan City now 
stands. This interest in time brought him what at that 
day was considered a large fortune. With wealth far in 


Sih nht.\ 



excess of that possessed by any of his fellow-citizens, he 
used it for the development of the material interests of 
his county and state. He erected the Rock River Mills, 
afterwards purchased by Messrs. Collins & Sperry, and 
now owned by the latter. He was the first president 
of the Crawfordsville and Wabash Railroad, since merged 
into and consolidated with the Louisville, New Albany 
and Chicago Railroad. The first-named thoroughfare 
was emphatically his work, due to his energetic and 
persistent efforts. He remained one of the directors of 
the consolidated road as long as he chose to retain the 
position. Major Elston was a prominent member of and 
liberal contributor to the Methodist Church for forty 
years. Diligent in business, prompt to meet engage- 
ments, he was no miser of his time, but devoted much 
of it to relaxation, and lived to enjoy a genial and hearty 
old age, surrounded by children who loved and neigh- 
bors who respected him. Colonel Isaac C. Elston, the 
immediate subject of this sketch, is now the president 
of the bank of which his father was the founder, and 
for years the principal manager. Of medium height, 
and what is termed trim built, he has the bearing of a 
gentleman and a man of business combined. A stranger 
would think him reserved and reticent, but he is easily 
approached, and is genial in conversation. He is pop- 
ular with the masses, takes an abiding interest in all 
matters of local importance, is a useful citizen, and fully 
deserving of the respect in which he is held. He and 
his family attend religious service at the Presbyterian 
Church, and enter heartily into w-hatever pertains to the 
moral advancement of the community in which they 
have made their home. 

%jg,'NSMINGER, JOSEPH, of Crawfordsville, was 
T|r born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Septem- 
^Wx ber 14, 179S. His grandfather came from Ger- 
^5?^ many in middle life. He was the son of Michael 
and Elizabeth (Soyer) Ensminger. ^Yhile Joseph was yet 
an infant his father removed to Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, and died there some twenty years after. With a 
life of toil before him, having but a limited education, 
lie learned the trade of brick-layer and plasterer. In iSiS 
lie married Miss Jane Frazier, the daughter of a Penn- 
sylvania farmer, a lady of more than ordinary intelligence. 
After working at his trade in Harrisburg for two years 
he removed to Butler County, Ohio, and engaged in 
farming for seven years. Thence he removed to Mont- 
gomery County, Indiana, November 29, 182S, and opened 
up a timbered farm six miles from Crawfordsville, on 
which he remained for the next quarter of a century; 
rearing and educating his children, and adding to the 
development and prosperity of his county and state. 
Removing to Crawfordsville, he has since made the place 

his home. In 1830, less than two years after becoming a 
resident, he was api:iointed assessor for the county, and 
made the last assessment under the old law, township 
officers afterwards performing that duty. Mr. Ensmin- 
ger while assessing visited and inspected in person 
every section of land in the county. He next served as 
treasurer of Montgomery County for one year. In 1833 
he was appointed deputy sheriff, after which service he 
again resumed his usual business pursuits. In 1877 Mr. 
Ensminger retired from active life, and now, at fourscore, 
appears twenty years younger than he really is. Too 
old to take part in the late war, his own military record 
is confined to a lieutenant-colonel's and adjutant's duty 
in the militia. Mr. Ensminger lost his first wife No- 
vember 5, 1839. She left three sons and two daughters. 
September 17, 1840, he married Mrs. Jane K. Canine, 
who died in 1873, leaving two sons and two daughters. 
William Ensminger, the oldest son, is a celebrated 
teacher ; Horace P. is the present city marshal of Craw- 
fordsville; Benjamin B. enlisted in the 120th Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry, and was killed near Petersburg, 
Virginia. Doctor S. L. Ensminger, who was also in the 
service and wounded at the battle of Cedar Creek, now 
resides in Crawfordsville. The eldest daughter, Eliza- 
beth M., married James H. Crane, now a farmer in 
Cass County, Indiana; Sophronia Ann married Jones 
Rountree, son of a pioneer farmer of the county ; Ellen 
Jane married Richard Canine, descended from one of 
the most honored and respected families in the state; 
and Catherine Frances, the youngest of the daughters, 
married Abner Hetfield, of Fountain County. Mr. 
Ensminger has been a consistent Christian for nearly 
threescore years, and is at present a member of the 
Second Presbyterian (Center) Church. He attributes 
his present health and strength, at such an advanced 
age, to the fact that he has never contaminated his blood 
with strong drink and tobacco, that he has paid strict 
attention to the laws of health, worked hard, lived on 
plain but wholesome food, and has striven to keep a 
conscience void of offense toward God and man. He 
has been an affectionate husband and a kind parent, ami 
has lived to see his children's children rise up and call 
him honored. He has won and deserves the confidence 
and esteem of his fellow-citizens. 

ii,VlLBERT, CURTIS, late of Terre Haute, was born 
\'\ in Middletown, Connecticut, June 8, 1795, and 
jMy digcl at Manatee, Florida, October 28, 1877, in his 
bC eighty-third year. He was a member of a family 
noted for longevity: his grandfather, Ebenezer Gilbert, 
reached the age of eighty-one ; Hannah, sister of Ebenezer, 
died at eighty-five; his father, Benjamin, died May II, 
1846, aged eighty-six; an uncle, Ebenezer, was in his 



\Sth Dist. 

sevcnty-eiyhth year at his death, January i5, 1S33; two 
aunts, Hannah Deming, mother of Judge Demas Dem- 
ing, and Sarah Gilbert, reached the ages of eighty-one 
and eighty, respectively. Of his immediate family, two 
brothers, Timothy and Orrin, lived to the respective ages 
of eighty and seventy-three, and a sister, Mary, died at 
the age of seventy-five. His early education was ac- 
quired in his native town, where he was a diligent stu- 
dent in the high scliool. At the early age of seventeen 
he H-as examined and approved as a teacher, and taught 
school at Middletown for one term. But the Western 
fever was even then prevalent, and on the 31st of Oc- 
tober, 1813, he left home, to seek his fortune towards 
the setting sun. Railroads were an nnknown luxury 
in those days, and, after several stages by river and 
land, he arrived at Philadelphia, whence a stage ran to 
Pittsburgh. The condition of his purse forbade him 
the luxury of a ride. So he shipped his trunk to that 
point by stage, and set out to make the journey on foot, 
.accomplishing it in eleven days, and arriving nine days 
ahead of his trunk. After various adventures and hard- 
ships of travel incident to that time, when only two 
steamboats, the "Walk-in-the-Water " and the ".^tna," 
plied upon Western waters, he arrived at Springfield, 
Ohio, where he found Colonel William Wells. To him 
he handed a letter of introduction from an old friend at 
Middletown, which secured him a firm friend and coun- 
selor. On his advice, Mr. Gilbert sought employment 
at Newark and Granville , but, failing to secure it, re- 
turned to Springfield and taught school for a short time, 
when, through Colonel Wells, he obtained a position in 
the store of the Brothers Walpole, at Zanesville, remain- 
ing in their employ until July, 1814. Leaving Zanes- 
ville in a pirogue, he landed at Marietta, where he ac- 
cepted an offer to convey a Mr. Robinson's horse to 
Cincinnati, then a city of only twenty-five hundred in- 
habitants. The horse delivered, he found business dull, 
and started "down the river" on a flat-boat to New 
Orleans, where he remained with an uncle about two 
months. At that time a panic was induced by the 
threatening approach of the British, and he went to 
Louisville by boat, thence on foot to Cincinnati, where 
he obtained a position in the store of Bailey, Green 
& Bailey. The firm soon decided on establishing a 
branch store at Post Vincennes, and Mr. Gilbert was 
selected to take charge there. Soon afterwards a branch 
at Kort Harrison was determined on, and Mr. Gilbert, 
with one of the firm, James B. McCall, arrived there 
December 20, 1S15. July 5, i8l6, he formed a copart- 
nership with Mr. N. B. Bailey, of Vincennes, Mr. Gil- 
bert taking charge at Fort Harrison. During that sum- 
mer he established a trading post near the mouth of 
Vermilion River, receiving his license to trade from 
Governor Posey. .\n outbreak nniouL; the Indians 
caused him to return to Kurt Harrison; and, on the ex- 

piration of his partnership with Mr. Bailey, January 14, 
1817, he engaged in business with Andrew Brooks, this 
partnership lasting until he was elected clerk and re- 
corder of Vigo County. Mr. Gilbert was appointed 
postmaster at Fort Harrison December 4, 1817, and con- 
tinued in that office until it was discontinued, October 
26, 1818, and the post-ofiice transferred to Terre Haute. 
\\\ 1S18 he erected the first frame building in Terre 
Haute, then only a collection of a few log-cabins, and 
this building was used for a post-ofhce. The same year 
he was elected first clerk and recorder of Vigo County. 
February 12, 1819, he was appointed judge-advocate of 
the odd battalion in the first brigade of Indiana militia, 
by Major Robert Sturges. In 1821 he lost his wife and 
only child, and two years later he paid a visit to his 
native town. In 1824 he was re-elected clerk and re- 
corder for the term of seven years, and elected for the 
third time in 1832. He was chosen a member of the 
board of trustees of the public library of Vigo County, 
September 6, 1824. In 1834 he took an active part in 
the organization of the Branch Bank, and was elected 
one of the directors. He also took a prominent part in 
procuring an act of the Legislature for the drainage of 
Lost Creek, which passed January 21, 1S37, and was an 
act of incalculable benefit to the sanitary condition of 
the vicinity. Terre Haute was incorporated into a 
town in 1S38; and at the first election for members of 
the common council Mr. Gilbert was chosen to the 
council, and soon after was appointed president pro tern. 
The following year the office of mayor was abolished, 
and the board of common council was empowered to 
elect a president, upon whom should devolve all the 
duties of mayor. To this position he was elected April 
4, 1839, and was thus the first mayor of Terre Haute, 
although, on account of ill-health, he resigned the fol- 
lowing September. In 1839 he declined a re-election to 
the office of clerk, and turned his attention to agricul- 
tural pursuits, on a farm which he lived to see laid out 
into town lots, now part of the beautiful "Prairie City." 
During his twenty-one years of clerkship he served the 
people faithfully, and received universal commendation. 
In 1S45 he was elected president of the Terre Haute Branch 
of the State Bank. When he assumed its management its 
financial credit was at a very low ebb ; but by the most 
astonishing energy and perseverance, combined with re- financial skill, he succeeded in reviving its 
business. He resigned his position, December 4, 1849, 
and was re-elected November 5, 1S50, serving until 
June 22, 1853. At the expiration of the charter he 
was elected president to wind up its aff'airs, which he 
did with rare ability and success, receiving the grateful 
acknowledgments of all interested. A new branch of 
the Bank of the State was organized, of which he was 
elected director, and this ended his official life. For 
six years preceding his death, Mr. Gilbert spent the 


/?~-zrv^-^ ^-^2^ 

Sth Dist.'\ 


winter months in Florida, where he died, as stated at 
the beginning of this sketch. Such is the brief, unsatis- 
factory record of a man identified during his life-time 
with all the best interests of his city and county, and 
wielding an influence for good still felt in the commu- 
nity in which he lived. Eveiy duty was performed 
with fidelity and integrity. No stain or blemish ever 
rested upon his private or official character. To use the 
words of one who knew him well, " He was equal to 
all emergencies of life, even to parting with it." No 
prouder epitaph could adorn his tomb. No one can 
question his title to a high rank among Indiana's rep- 
resentative men. There are no surviving children of 
his first wife, Catherine Allen. They were married Sep- 
tember 5, l8i9, and she died February 6, 1821. His 
second wife, Mary C. King, to whom he was married 
November 26, 1834, was a native of Canandaigua, New 
York, and at the time of her union was residing in the 
city of Terre Haute, with her brother, A. C. King, 
Esq. She died, October 20, 1858, surrounded by a 
loving family. There are surviving seven children, all 
of whom, with one exception, are still residents of Vigo 
County, whose names are well know'n in the commu- 
nity. The eldest son, Joseph Gilbert, resides near the 
city of Terre Haute, and devotes his attention to horti- 
culture and farming. He has been for several years a 
member of the state board of horticulture, and twice its 
president. He for several years took an active interest 
in the politics of his county, having been for some time 
chairman of the Democratic county committee. He 
was elected to the Indiana state Legislature from 1S74 
to 1876. In the latter year he retired from active pol- 
itics, but takes a deep interest in all public matters re- 
lating to the welfare of the county and city, being a 
moving spirit in all enterprises for the general good. 
He is now a trustee of the state normal school, and is a 
citizen that the county may well be proud of. The 
oldest daughter of Mr. Gilbert is the wife of Mr. John 
S. Beach, of Terre Haute, president and owner of the 
Prairie City Bank, of that city. Another daughter is 
Mrs. Joseph H. Blake, also a resident of Vigo County ; 
and a third is Mrs. W. S. Warner, who lives with her 
husband and family at Manatee, Florida. It was at her 
residence that Mr. Gilbert died. The remaining daugh- 
ter is Miss Martha Gilbert, a young lady who resides in 
Terre Haute with her oldest sister, Mrs. John S. Beach. 
Edward and Henry C. Gilbert are the youngest sons 
and remaining members of Mr. Gilbert's family. They 
live on the site of the old homestead, in Terre Haute, 
and are associated in business as officers of the large 
establishment known as the "Phoenix Foundry and Ma- 
chine-works." They are well-known as active, enter- 
prising, and industrious young business men. Besides 
the above children of Mr. Gilbert, at the present time 
(1880) there are fourteen grandchildren. 



fOOKINS, SAMUEL BARNES, of Terre Haute. 
' The New England Genealogical Kegister traces 
the genealogy of the Gookins family from the 
•(jjj days of King John, and the American branch of 
it from the original emigrant, who was contemporary with 
Captain Smith. Daniel Gookin (as the name was then 
written) came to Newport News in the year 1620. He 
brought with him fifty men, and established a colonial 
settlement at that point. Captain Smith seems to have 
thought that this settler had a will of his own. During 
the Indian troubles which resulted in the captain's 
capture, and his release through the intervention of 
Pocahontas, an order was issued requiring the settlers to 
abandon their settlement and retire to Jamestown. Cap- 
tain Smith says that " Gookin, at Newport News, having 
fifty men of his own, refused that order, and made good 
his standing against the savages." Newport News had 
been almost forgotten until its fame as a military point 
was revived during the late war. In the days of the com- 
monwealth under Cromwell, the Puritans of New England 
sent their missionaries to the chivalry of Virginia, and a 
son of the original emigrant, bearing his name, became 
a convert to the Puritan faith. On the restoration of 
Charles II, the General Assembly of \'irginia passed 
a law expelling all nonconformists from the province. 
Tlie Puritan convert left, and went to Boston, of which 
he became a permanent resident, and there remained 
during his life, in the course of which he rendered im- 
portant public services as speaker of the General Court 
or Assembly, commander of the army, and as assistant 
of Eliot in his labors for the civilization and christian- 
izing of the Indians. He was the father of the New 
England branch of the family. Among his descendants 
was William Gookins, father of the subject of this 
sketch. Samuel Barnes Gookins was born at Rupert, 
Bennington County, Vermont, May 30, 1809. He was 
the youngest of ten children of William and Rhoda 
Gookins. In 1812 the family, excepting the two 
oldest children — daughters, who had married and 
settled in Vermont — emigrated to New York and took 
up their abode in the towm of Rodman, Jefferson 
County. The father died two years after, leaving the 
mother and her eight children dependent solely upon a 
good and merciful Providence and their own exertions 
to make their way in the world. May 5, 1823, the 
mother, an elder brother of twenty-three, and Samuel 
B. set out for the West. Prior to that time the route 
of westward emigration had been by wagon across 
New York and Pennsylvania to the tributaries of the 
Ohio, thence by boat down that river, and sometimes 
up the Wabash. By the treaty of 1821 between the 
United States and the Miamis, Kickapoos, and Potawat- 
tomies occupying the northern portion of Indiana, the 
Indian title to most of that territory was ceded to the 
general government. Immediately after this cession at- 


[Sth Dist. 

tcntion was directed to what had been called the north- 
ern route. This course was taken by the party in ques- 
tion. They took p.assage at .Sackett's Harbor on the "On- 
tario," tlie second steamboat that navigated the waters 
of Lake Ontario, and handed at Lewiston ; thence 
around Niagara Falls by wagon; thence to Buffalo by 
open boat, to Detroit by schooner; to Fort Meigs, at 
the head of Maumee Bay, by another schooner; to Fort 
Wayne by canoe, across the. Portage, drawing their 
canoe by oxen to Little River; down that river to 
the Wabash, and down the Wabash to Fort Harrison 
and Terre Haute; making the trip in the remarkably 
short space, for those times, of six weeks and two days, 
a great improvement upon the old route by way of the 
Ohio River, by which, if the emigrant made his way 
within three months, he was fortunate. Northern Indiana 
was then still occupied by the Indians, but they were 
friendly and gave the emigrants no trouble, visiting 
their camps at every opportunity to exchange their wild 
game for bread, or any thing the emigrants had to spare. 
The emigrants located on Fort Harrison Prairie, about 
two miles from Terre Haute, whither other members of 
the family had three years before preceded them. In 
January, 1825, the mother died and the family was 
broken up. Samuel B. lived for a time in the family of 
Captain Daniel Stringham, father of the late Commodore 
Horton Stringham, of the United States navy ; after- 
wards in the families of a married sister and elder 
brother. In July, 1826, he apprenticed himself to 
the late John \V. Osborn, editor and publisher of the 
Western Register, the first newspaper that was published 
at Terre Haute. At the end of four years, having fin- 
ished his apprenticeship, he went to Vincennes and, 
assisted by the late John B. Dillon, brought out the 
Vincennes Gazelle, under the proprietorship of Samuel 
Hill. One year later he returned to Terre Haute, took 
the position of editor of the Western Register, and con- 
tinued in that occupation until June, 1S32, when the 
Register office was purchased by Thomas Dowling, who 
established the Wabash Courier as its successor. Having 
in view the profession of journalist, Mr. Gookins made 
arrangements for pursuing his avocation in Washington 
City, and had gone so far as to pack his trunk, and was 
ready to depart for his new field of labor. He had for 
several years been on very intimate terms with Hon. 
Amory Kinney, a lawyer of high standing, then Judge 
of the Circuit Court. He had often endeavored to con- 
vince the young printer and journalist that he was fitted 
for the legal profession, but hitherto without success. 
Returning home from his circuit on a Saturday evening, 
and learning of the preparations made for the departure 
fur Wasliington on the following Monday, and aware 
also of another fact, viz., that a matrimonial engage- 
ment existed between him and his present wife, daugh- 
ter of John W. Osborn, another and this time a 

ful effort was made to convince the young man that he 
was predestinated to be a lawyer; the consequence of 
which was that on the next Monday, instead of depart- 
ing for Washington, he entered the office of Judge 
ICinney and sat down to the study of Blackstone's Com- 
mentaries. Regretting the lack of a classical education, 
which he had had neither the means nor the opportu- 
nity of acquiring, he consoled himself with the fact, 
which he learned from his instructor, that a Cady 
had from the shoemaker's bench attained eminence in the 
legal profession, with other similar examples — to which, 
had they sooner occurred, might have been added those 
of Lincoln from the farm, and Johnson from the. tailor's 
bench. He remembered too the opinion of the model 
of his life in his former occupation. Doctor Franklin, 
upon the inexpediency of wasting so large a portion of 
one's life in the acquisition of a multiplicity of languages, 
when one, he thought, would serve for all practical pur- 
poses; and, upon these considerations, in which the en- 
gagement already mentioned cut no small figure, he 
decided to make the venture, upon the capital invested 
in an English education considerably above the average, 
acquired in the country schools, which had been very 
materially improved and developed by his work at the 
printer's case and the editor's table, than which, if 
rightly improved, there is no better school. But, young 
man, do not take this as an example. If you have the 
opportunity for a collegiate course, avail yourself of it 
by all means. Admitted to the bar of the Vigo Circuit 
Court in 1834, and to that of the Supreme Court in 
1836, when he gained his first case in that court (4 Black- 
ford, 260), he pursued his chosen avocation until 1S50. 
Residing at Terre Haute, his practice included a large 
circuit of courts in Indiana and Illinois. In 1850 the 
Hon. John Law, then Judge of the circuit including 
Vincennes and Terre Haute, retired from the bench, and 
Mr. Gookins was appointed by Governor Joseph A. 
Wright, of opposite politics, to fill the vacancy. Just 
twenty years after he went to Vineennes to aid in estab- 
lishing the Vincennes Gazette, he went to the same place 
to hold his first term as Judge of the Circuit Court. 
The Legislature at the next session did not approve of 
the course of Governor Wright, and chose one of their 
own political sentiments instead. In 1851, a new Con- 
stitution having been adopted, making very radical 
changes in our judicial system, and requiring the enact- 
ing of a civil code, Mr. Gookins was induced to repre- 
sent Vigo County in the Legislature, the chief object of 
which was to aid in that work. It was the "long ses- 
sion," extending from December, 185: (with forty days' 
recess for committee work), to June, 1852, during which 
time a code was enacted which has formed the basis of 
our judicial system from that time to the present. 3Ir. 
Gookins served on several committees, the most impor- 
tant of which was that for the Organizations of Courts. 

Slh Dist] 



The new Constitution nimlc the judiciary elective 
by the people. Mr. Gookins, co-operating with prom- 
inent members of the legal pirofession belonging to the 
two leading political parties of that time, made a vigor- 
ous effort to keep the choice of judges, especially those 
of the Supreme Court, out of the field of politics. In 
this they were unsuccessful. The politicians took the 
matter in hand, and the Democrats first, and then the 
Whigs, in state convention, nominated each a full ticket 
for Judges of the Supreme Court, instead of two from 
each party, as had been proposed. On the Whig ticket 
the nominees were Charles Dewey, David McDonald, 
John B. Howe, and Samuel B. Gookins. They were 
beaten by a majority of over fifteen thousand. Two 
years later, a vacancy having occurred by the resigna- 
tion of Hon. A. L. Roach, and a political revolution 
having also occurred, consequent upon the repeal of the 
Missouri Compromise, Mr. Gookins was again a candi- 
date, and was elected by a majority as large as that of 
his opponent two years before. In the securing of 
neither of these nominations did he take any part, be- 
lieving that the judiciary should be kept free from 
party power and influence, a principle excellent in the- 
ory, but unavailing in practice under the workings of 
our present system. Mr. Gookins held the position of 
Judge of the Supreme Court for three years, and then 
resigned. Two causes led to this: first, the insufficiency 
of the salary to support a family and pay current ex- 
penses, the Legislature having fixed it at twelve hundred 
dollars per annum; second, the imperative necessity of 
a change of climate, consequent upon a serious impair- 
ment of his physical constitution, resulting from a vi- 
olent attack of pneumonia while in the Legislature, from 
which he had never been able fully to rally. He went 
to Chicago, where he engaged in his profession from 
1858 to 1875. By this change his health was fully re- 
stored, and he has a constitution strong and vigorous. 
He now resides at Terre Haute, and is actively in prac- 
tice. Mr. Gookins retains the interest in literary affairs 
acquired in his earlier days. He has been a not unfre- 
quent contributor to the press and an occasional one to 
the magazines, among which were the Knickerbocker and 
the ConUitcnlal, both popular in their day. In the latter 
will be found a political satire entitled "Tom John- 
son's Bear," written and sent to that magazine in June, 
1862. It was addressed to Mr. Lincoln, and its object 
was to show the absurdity of holding the negroes in 
slavery while their masters were seeking to destroy the 
government. It had been read at a public meeting in 
Chicago. After it was sent to the Continental, and be- 
fore its publication, the emancipation proclamation was 
issued. It then seemed to its author inappropriate, and 
he endeavored to recall it, but the editors would not 
consent, and it came out in October of that year. This 
was supplemented by another, following the proclama- 

tion of emancipation, entitled "How Mr. Lincoln I'.c- 
came an Abolitionist," published in the same m.ngazinc 
in June, 1863, to which any persons interested can 
refer. Two other productions of his pen have been 
given to the public, one entitled "Tippletonia," and 
the other "The White House," a national drama, in 
which the President's wife and the Secretary of State 
are the dramatis persmut. They are designed to exhibit 
some of the features of social life in their true color.s. 
Some have said that literature, especially the poetic, is" 
incompatible with law. This is a mistake. Moses, 
David, and Solomon were legislators, judges, and poets. 
John Quincy Adams and Daniel Webster wrote poetry, 
and none stood higher in the legal fraternity than the 
latter. But if the assumption were true, there was not, 
probably, in the case under consideration, enough of the 
literary or poetic inspiration to seriously interfere with 
the labors of a life-lime at the bar or on the bench. 
The subject of this sketch is also the limner. It is 
furnished at the request of the publisher. Whether 
the ego perceptible in it is too retiring or too demon- 
strative he leaves to the discriminating judgment of 
the careful reader. We can not refrain from mak- 
ing an addition to the sketch as given by him. As 
indicated above. Judge Gookins has been in the habit 
of contributing to the public press in verse. In his 
poetry the author evidently writes from the inmost feel- 
ings of his heart, so that in his verse we see the truest 
phases of his character and the leading impulses of his 
life delineated. In them he has unconsciously, but, 
nevertheless, most truly, given to the world the motives 
which have actuated his long life of usefulness, and the 
high aims which have gained for him the honored posi- 
tion of a citizen whom all respect, and of a Christian 
whose shining light has led his fellow-men to glorify 
the Father of all. In a word his character may be 
summed up in a single sentence — that of a Christian 
gentleman. A true humanity, rounded and molded 
and beautified by the graces reflected in the example 
and teachings of the Divine Humanity, is seen in the 
life and character of the subject of this sketch. Below 
we give a poem written by Judge Gookins in 1862, 
which well illustrates all that we have said : 


M tl.i 


■In III. 

en by. 


ig is noitiing pure." — Paul io Titus. 

enceof the woodland dell, 
n, by busy feet untrod, 
ep fountains of tbe foicst dwel 
(Like pearls in ambcv set' in mossy sod. 
The timid fallow comes to shake liis thirst. 
Reflected from the tiny lake he sees 
A form of beauty's own-' the dear, dark ey. 
The taper ears, the graceful, curved nock. 
Incipient antlers, promise of his power. 
Stooping to taste the moss-enameled fount. 
The mirrored image, from tbe crystal depth, 

them that are 


[Sih Dist. 

And llierc salutes 
(Hist! Drop no p 
And circling wav< 

But if some monsK 
The shaggy bison . 
With filthy walloiv 
No form of beamy 
And from the noise 

him with a dainty kiss, 
rbble I lest it fright the deer, 
lets wash the picture out.) 

er of the forest wild, 
or the vengeful boar, 
'iiigs hath fouled the spring, 
eets the deer's soft eye, 
: pool he turns away. 

So when the Lord of Life with loving gaze 
Explores the deep recesses of the soul, 
If purified by his all-cleansing grace ; 
If charity has purged it of its mire ; 
If faith, through which the unseen is beheld, 
H.ith wrought by love and purified the heart- 
Then all the lineaments of the Form Divine 
Are seen reflected from the pearly depths, 
And he rejoiceth, like as doth the groom 
When soul-lit grace adorns the new-found bride 

' But, if within the precincts of the soul 
Its great malignant enemy hath crept; 
If divers gods have got possession there; 
If hateful lust and covetous desire. 
If vain contempt for that atoning blood 
Which cancels sin and clarifies the soul. 
Have fouled it with their vile imaginings. 

No form of he 


To meet his tender, sweet, and loving gaze; 
Sadly he turns, and with divine disgust 
Leaves the foul spirit to its chosen lust." 

fREENE, REV. JAMES W., pastor of the Meth- Episcopal Church, Cravvfordsville, was born 
in Greene County, Ohio, February i, 1829. There 
tl-> are traditions in the family of their grandsires 
having served in the war for independence. The father 
was John Greene, who emigrated to Ohio from Del- 
aware at an early day, and afterwards to St. Joseph 
County, Indiana. Here James enjoyed such advantages 
of education as were furnished by the common schools 
of that day, and at the age of seventeen entered an 
academy presided over by Daniel Witter, related by 
marriage to the Colfax family. Here he devoted two 
years to the study of the higher English branches, then 
taught one year, and for three years after was engaged 
in the lumber trade. At the age of twenty-four he 
joined the Methodist Episcopal Church, and began pre- 
paring himself to preach the Gospel, the work of which 
he entered upon in 1855. ^^ ^^•''^ ^f^t located at Rens- 
selaer, Jasper County, Indiana, but was shortly called 
upon by the presiding elder of his district to fill a va- 
cancy at Michigan City, where he remained during the 
rest of the conference year. He then filled successively 
appointments at Dorminc, Laportc County, one year; 
Michigan City, one year; Crown Point, two years; 
lndi:inapolis. Strange Chapel, three years; Grecncastle, 
Roberts Chapel, three years; fViitenary Church, Terre 

Haute, three years; after which he was appointed pre- 
siding elder of the Terre Haute District for four years. 
In 1877 he was located at Crawfordsville, where he is 
serving his second year very acceptably to a large and 
intelligent congregation. During the Civil War Mr. 
Greene took a deep interest in the welfare, tempo- 
ral and spiritual, of our citizen soldiery, and, under 
the auspices of the Indiana Sanitary Commission, he 
visited the hospitals in Washington, Alexandria, An- 
napolis, and Baltimore. He has joined, at different 
period.s, the Masons, Odd-fellows, and the Knights of 
Pythias, and recognized in them, when properly con- 
ducted, a power for good. On Christmas, 1862, he 
married Miss Catherine E. Organ, daughter of Samuel 
Organ, a prominent business man of Laporte. Four 
living children, all boys, have been the result of this 
union. One experience of Mr. Greene is so much out 
of the usual routine of ministerial life that it richly 
deserves a place in this volume. A minister in his 
night-clothes, engaged in a deadly struggle, before day, 
in his own door-yard, has a sensational ring, but to Mr. 
Greene it calls up a most exciting reality. He had ar- 
rived at his home in Terre Haute, at midnight, October 
28, 1S74, having been in attendance at quarterly con- 
ference. Two hours after he was awakened by his wife, 
who informed him that some one was at the kitchen 
w'indow. Springing from his bed, he seized his doitble- 
barreled shotgun, approached the window, and saw 
distinctly a man attempting to force his way in. His 
first impulse was to fire directly at the man's breast ; 
but even at that critical moment there came over him a 
horror of actually killing even a burglar, and he changed 
his aim so as to disable. The hammer fell, but the gun 
missed fire, and the burglar disappeared. Mr. Greene 
then did what but few in his situation would have 
done — he followed fast after the midnight marauders — 
for there were two of them — caught up with one, and 
with the steady aim of his gun soon brought him to 
terms. He then marched him into the yard, calling 
lustily for help. His wife, in the mean time, had 
aroused some of the neighbors, and Mr. Greene, hearing 
them speak, glanced thoughtlessly for one moment in 
the direction of the voices. It was long enough, how- 
ever, for the wary burglar to spring forward and beat 
down the gun; and then commenced a hand-to-hand 
struggle, which continued violently for some time, but 
resulted at length in the burglar's securing the gun and 
a wounded ankle, and leaving his revolver and knife. 
Mr. Greene was sadly scratched and scarred, but cer- 
tainly had acquitted himself with honor, and fully de- 
served the recognition which he received from a New 
York illustrated paper, which gave not only a glowing 
account of the midnight struggle, but pictured forth 
the participants in all the glory of wood engraving, in 
which it would have been impossible for the keenest 

Sth Dist.\ 



critic to have decided which was the minister and which 
the burglar but for their difference of apparel. Mr. 
Greene is of medium stature, compactly built, a gentle- 
man by instinct and culture, enjoys his full share of 
personal popularity, is earnest in every good word and 
work, enters heartily into all the reforms of the day, 
is a calm reasoner, seldom thunders, and would rather 
prefer to persuade souls by gentle means than to terrify 
them by threatenings of divine wrath. As a citizen, 
he is easily approached, and his conversation enter- 
taining, while his Christian character comports well with 
the sacredness of his calling. 

fAMMOND, ABRAM A., Governor of Indiana, 
was born in the state of Vermont, at the town 
of Brattleboro, March, 1814. He went to Indiana 
when a boy, began the study of law, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1S35. In 1850 he was made a 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in Indianapolis. 
After this he emigrated to California, but returned to 
this state in 1854, locating in Terre Haute. In i860 he 
was elected Governor of the state, serving until 1861. 
His health became impaired and he went to Colorado to 
aid in its recovery, but died there August 27, 1874. 

ACER, JONATHAN B., of Terre Haute, Vigo 
County, was born in Hagerstown, Maryland, in 
\ July, 1822. His father, George Hager, was born 
in the same town in 1787. His mother was a 
native of Virginia, having been born in the village of 
Falling Water, in that state, in 1 794. His father was 
in poor circumstances, and the boys, of whom there 
were three, were early thrown upon their own resources. 
In 1835 ^^ family emigrated to Indiana and settled in 
Terre Haute. In 1S40 the subject of this sketch re- 
ceived an appointment to West Point Academy, where 
he reported in June. He, however, remained in that 
institution but two years. Among his classmates were 
General Hancock, General Hatch, General Pleasanton, 
General .S. B. Buckner, of the Confederacy, and others 
who afterwards distinguished themselves in the war of 
the Rebellion. After leaving West Point, Mr. Hager 
returned to Terre Haute, where for several years he 
was actively engaged in various branches of business, 
and where he soon fully established himself, and ac- 
quired the reputation of a wide-awake, active, and en- 
ergetic man of business. On the outbreak of the war, 
Mr. Hager immediately took an active part in the sup- 
port of the government, and raised a company in the 
14th Indiana Volunteers, but, before going to the field 
he was transferred, with a captain's commission, to the 

14th Regular Infantry, of which he was for a large part 
of the time in command. He was engaged in three of 
the battles of the seven days before Richmond, and 
was a participator in McClellan's famous "change of 
base." He also was an active combatant in the battles 
of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, besides several of 
minor importance, and the records of the War Depart- 
ment show the gallant behavior of his regiment on 
these historic fields. After the evacuation of Richmond 
Captain Hager was appointed provost-marshal of that 
city, and in November, 1S65, his regiment was sent to 
California by way of the Isthmus, and thence to the 
various posts in Arizona and the North-west. In 
August, 1S66, he resigned his commission in the army, 
and, with his wife and daughter, made the overland 
journey home, which required three months to accom- 
plish. After his return, he engaged in the foundry 
business in 1867, which gradually was merged into car- 
building, in which he has since been employed, his 
establishment furnishing employment to from two hun- 
dred to three hundred men. Captain Hager's life has 
been essentially a busy one, and has been crowded with