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Gc M. l- 







3 1833 00826 6063 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 





1 L LI_T S T 1^ A T K D 

The people thai take no pride in the noble aehievewents of remote ancestors zvill never achieve 
anything worthy to be remembered ixith pride bv remote generations. — ^La.callav. 


Thf. S. J. Clarice F'l-ELibHiNO Company. 






Allen. Jesse 136 

Ashbrook. Ira iiS 

Kalthaser. Honry 347 

Barneti. Ja-per J jo6 

Barr. William 86 

Bauingardix-r Family 400 

BcaN, C. O ?Sj 

Be^k. Ccorsre G 21 

Beck. 1. K 42 

Relk-rmann. I. H 305 

Bl.ick. S C.' '53 

B!au~cr, John 162 

Boer.tUT, Dr. G, W 3^ 

Boerstler. Dr. G. \\'., Jr 36 

Book. John S l6S 

Boving. Frank J in 

Bover. Daniel G 360 

Boyer. Hcnrv 318 

Bradford. Dr. A. A 190 

Brandt, Capt. Oliver B 127 

Brasee. T,;hn T H 

Breslm. G 266 

Bri.ein. D:;v:(l Luther 39^ 

Bright, Enoch 59 

Brobst. David 102 

Brown. Dr. Howard A 271 

Brown. Obcd 300 

Buchanan. W. L 139 

Burton, Van S 159 

Bu>by, John T 120 

Buschemeyer. F. J 166 

Christy. Joseph « 179 

Xlavpool. Isaac •503 

Claypool. Jacob 'l& 

Claypool. Janic^ B 198 

Clnnip. Christopher 247 

Cofma,.. S. P 49 

Cole. 1 homas 372 

Conrad. Henry 193 

Cc>nrad. Joi;a < 79 

Conrad. William L j.V 

Courlngln. Dr. George S I46 

Cox. Thi >nias B 391 

Crou .e. Jacob 209 

Cniii, William 184 


Dill. Thomas H 

... 25S 

Dolson. Thomas H 

Drinkle. H. C 

••• 371 

Dnnn. Henry Dresbach. . 

. . 326 

Ernst. Jacob 

... 204 

Evans. Richard 


■•■ 35-; 

.Fensterniakcr. Jacob \V... 

... 67 

Flowers. Dr. F. L 

... 172 

F>icker John 


Frondet. Aloy.s 

■■■ 330 

Geger, Henry W 

... 191 

Giesv. Daniel 

••• 343 

Gicsy. H. H 

Gilletr. Edward M 

. . . 207 

Gindor, A. H 

... C.j 

G:nd>r. Var. H 

... 109 

t.iiioricli. lh..nia.. 

• ■ ■ i^i 

Glick. ^!a^a^^eh 

... 88 

Gonrlev. Rev. 

... 319 

Gravcrt, Inh,, 

... 65 

Gravbill. lohii 

... 311 

GritHth. Rev. R. H 

... i2 

..':..-.,M. S.inuiel A 

... 112 

... 199 

G.;',dy. J.,-.-idi P 

... 379 

Hyde, John 

■ Keller. John 

I Kiger. Geor 

, Kissinger. L 

Kociier, loii 

Halderman. Rev. George W. . 156 

Hamberger. G A 394 

Han>l)erger. Abraham 251 

Harmon, [ohn P 317 

Hartmann, J. C 2i8 

Hedges. Jabez 101 

Hege. William 264 

Her-hberger. Dr. J. P... 

. . . 248 

Hewetson, Dr. Peter 

Hill. H. A P 

... 3^5 

Hdls. Jame- 

... 34" 

Hiie. Col. John C 

... 82 

Hofrman. George E 

... 2.J2 

Holiiday. F. A 

... 341 

Holmei, Richard 

... 380 

IF. "oker, Valentine 

... 51 

Mnffer, Crnelius 

• • • 255 



A. V 


Lewis Dr. W . C. 
I.ui.her. v. W... 
Lutz G. A 

.MacDonough, Xh> 

M.,1!, 11, lliiataan S. 

.Marten... H. A 

Martin. Hon. Chark 

Martin. J.. hn D 

Matt. Gev,rge Fred 1 

McCleerv. Mr^ Xar 
.McCleiKighan. W. T 
Mechling. Rev. George 

Mec'ning. H. F 

Mill r. M. C 

Mock. 1. C 

Monliank. Dr. R. W 

Mumaugh. J. R 

Mn^-er. A J L^avid 

Mns,er. Je>,e ....:, 
MycT>. Will-am H.. 

.Niclioi .. ',)eorse 

Noiirse. J. dm D.. M D 


i i /\ ! 





Pearcc, Calel. H 


Sherluirno. lo.oph 



V,, [sai.ili 


PcMCL-, David 


.SluTinai,. Ci.ailes R 

.... 143 

}'ewr-. Xc.ton 

P,ckcru,.,^ Janu-s T... 
I'.lg^r. Kc.-. N. F. 




s,n,a:,.i; "j.-hM J..:...:. 

.SI:m/. Rev, \V. L 

..... 306 


!k, r. (ai,., W. \V 

ller,. 11. 11 

avrr. II. n ,v 




I'-.l. Janu-. 


Sender l-m- ( 

.... 378 


tWers, Janu-< T 


Spa.iglev, 15 

.... 92 

\\ . 

' •; 1 , : , W 


Pratt. Thonia, S 


StanI.ery. P. V. 

Steward. T. M 


W ' 

, , ; i , , , , 1 



Rcwe, Dr. Charlx. K. . 


.Sl.,ver, P.'T 

32 1 


Kcose, Col. H. B 


Stra\fr, Dr. l-ranl< P... 

. - ■ . 3t>" 

ik V 1-'. 'iiii on P 


Kftse, Mrs. Marv K... 

Strode. W. H 

.... ing 



Rocsc. w. J....: 

''!"^'' "fc 

Sturkev. Daniel 

.... 253 

;,.,-., 1,1.-, ,i, 

Reeves, J. G 


Stukev. Dr. F. P 

.... 284 


^' ^ "] 

Reynolds J. W 


Stnke;. Dr. joht, J 

.... 24^1 


,o!i. Ian e- \V 


Kitehic, J. C 


Sturge.^n. 7. T 

.... 274 


Ifwrd l..lni 1; 


Kopp.J. I 



.rk. F. 'W 


Rnscy. Louis 


Thiinuies. Joitu U 

.... 214 


)rk. Rol/ert 


Roulee, C. M 


Tlioinas. Dr. 1'.. .\ 

Tnu-on. Cliarle- H 

;;;; .376 


sum. (;r.,r5e \V 

Sliarp. William 


Trout. H. G 

.... 3S0 

Sha»v, A. \V... 

;;."'.;!; 2^ 

Turn.-r. Joseph S 

.... 35« 


iruenuan. Henry 



HE greatest of English histoiiims, Macaui.av, am! one of tl,c most 
brilliant writers of the present century, has said: "The history of a 
country is best told in a record of the lives of its people." In con- 
formity with this idea, the Biographical Record has been prepared. 
Instead of going to musty records, and taking therefrom dry statistical 
matter that can be appreciated by but few, our corps of writers have 
gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their enterprise 
and industry, brought this county to a rank second to none among 
those comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be pre^e^ted to an intelligent 
public. In this volume will be found a record of many wl-,u-,e live.-, avc worthy the imitation 
of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by industry and 
economy, have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited advantages for securing 
an education, have become learned men and women, with an influence extending throughout 
the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men w!io have risen from the lower walks of 
life to eminence as statesmen,' and whose names have become famous. It tells of those in 
every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and records how that success has usu- 
ally crowned their etYorts. It tells also of those, who, not seeking the applause of ihe 
world, have pursued the " even tenor of their way." content to have it said of them, as Chri,t 
said of the woman performing a deed of mercy— "They have done what they could.'' It 
tells how many, in the pride and .-trength of young manhood, left the plow and the anvil, the 
lawyer's oflice and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their countrv's 
call went forth valiantly " to do or die," and how through tlieir efforts the Union was 
restored and peace once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every 
v.oman is a lesson that siiould ;iot be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, fiom 
the fad that it contains so mucli that would never find its way into public records, and which 
would otherwise be inaccessible. Great care has been taken m the compilation of the work 
and every opportunity possible given to those represented to insure correctness in what has 
been written ; and the publishers flatter them.selves that they give to their readers a work with 
few errors of consequence. In addition to biographical sketches, portraits of a number of 
representative citizens are given. 

The faces of .some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. 
For this the publishers are not to blame. Xot having a proper conception of the work, some 
refused to give the information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifTerent. 
Occasionally .some member of the family would oppose t<ie enterprise, and on account of such 
opposition the support of the interested one would be withheld. In a few instances men 
never could be found, though repeated calls were made at their residence or place of business. 

October, 1902. The S. J. Clakke Publishing Co. 


n. n. HUxVTER 



A well known jurist of Illinois said: since the foundation of the city was laid and 
'"In the American state the great an;l good tin-ough almost three- fiiirths of a century he 
lawyer must always he jjrominent, fur he is continued to make his home here. His par- 
one of the forces that nvwe and contn.>l so- ents were Captain Joseph and I^orothy 
ciety. Public confidence has ever been re- (Berkshire) Hunter, the former a native ol 
posed in the leg-al profession. It has ever Virginia and the latter of }klaryland. The 
been the defender of popular right-- : the Captain was in command of a company in 
cham[>i(ni i'>f freedom, regulated by law; the the Re\'o!utioiiary war ar.d at its close he 
firm support of good government. In times removed to Kentucky, whence in 1798 he 
of danger it has. like a rock, breasted the came to b'airfield cjuuty, Ohio, being its 
mad passions of the hour and finally resulted first settler. Here he owned a large tract of 
in quieting tumult and faction."' Xo )><iliti- lan<i. living the life of a farmer, and now he 
cal preferment, no mere place can add to sleeps in th.e ijld city cemetery at the corner 
the power or increase the honur which be- of High and Chestnut streets, while his 
longs to the pure and educated lawyer, wife is also interred there. In their fannly 
Hocking H. Hunter was one of the m(t^-t were si.\- children, hut the only surviving 
distinguished attorneys that has ever prac- cme is Mrs. Sarah Cassel, who. at the age 
ticed at the Ohio bar and his life record of ninety-two years, is still living in Lan- 
forms an important chapter in the annals of caster. 

the state. He won marked distinction Ije- Hocking H. Hunter, of this review, wa.s 

cause of his unimpeachable' character, his the second in order of birth and was reared 

unusual intellectual endowments and his upon a farm, where he spent the tlays of 

thorough understanding of jurisprudence, his childhood and youth, assisting in the cul- 

Mr. Hunter was l>orn in Lancaster. Au- tivation of the field and meadow. On the 

gust 2,:;, 1 80 1. Only a few years had passed 30th of November. 1823. when a young 


man, lie chose as comijanion and heipniate 
for life's jt.'urncy Miss Ann Alatlack, a 
dauohtor of Sanuiol and Klizabeth (I._\ncli) 
Matlack, who came to I'aiiiield county 
ahoul iSio. 

The ediicati^mal iirixileges which ]\[r. 
ILi'.nler had rccei\cd weie very limited, lie 
iittcndcd the Ciiuntry schools near his home 
for a short time, but nut content with that 
he manag-ed to Ix'Come a student in the Lan- 
caster Academy, being' at lirst under the in- 
struction of Professor Steplien W'hittlesy, 
a graduate of 'S'ale College, and afterwards 
under Professor John W'hittlesy, a brotlier, 
of the same college. He liegan the study 
of law under the direction of Hon. William 
W. Irviii. formerly judge of the supreme 
court of the state of Ohio, and distinguished 
among his generation uf lawyers practicing 
in the state. With him Mr. Hunter contin- 
ued Ills reading until the spring of 18^4. 
when he was admitted to the bar. and with 
remarkable constancy he devoted his ener- 
gies to his prcifessional duties t') the exclu- 
sion of every other kind of employment or 
business activit}'. In 1SJ5 he was appi'inted 
to the p<jsition of prosecuting attorney of 
Fairfield county and ioT six consecutive 
terms recei\'ed the appiantment. continuing 

of Oh 

in that position througl 

Earlv in 

that year he became asociated as a partner 
with the Hon. Thomas Ewing and when 
Mr. Ewing was serving in the United States 
senate Mr. Hunter had almost entire charge 
of their extensive and important practice. 
In 1863 he was pre\ailed upon to allow his 
name to 'be placed on the ticket as candidate 
for the office of judge of the supreme court 

1 wav clecieil by the alni'.vt un- 
niaj.-ritv (.1 .nc hundred tli. ai- 
iK- he V, a- c.'miins>i"ned t;> the 
ollice. but bee. .luiiio c.>nvincod that he 
could lu.t,rgc hi, ludirjal duties and 
at the same lime !'" k .alter liie important 
litigated intercMs uhicl; had been entrusted 
to his care, he re,-;^iicd his p..-,ill..n before 
taking his ])I;u-c upon \\w Ik-hcIi. During 
the early year> of his prolo.-ional life, the 
legal bar of L.ancaster iiumbered not a few 
of the men who have bee. .me diMinguished 
throughout the nation ;i> leaders of i>ublic 
thought and action. ]t was a severe task 
for a young man to enter ui)on a ])rofes- 
sional career here. \et he ua,, destined to 
rise to an honorable and pnjniinent posi- 
tion. He began the work for which the 
previous years of study had been a prepara- 
tion, becoming a member of a bar where 
sham and reinitaiion and empty pretenses 
were of no avail in the forensic contest. 
The young lawyer, in his contest with older 
and experienced men whose reputatiai and 
patronage were already assured, found it 
a hard sch(_)ol, but it afforded excellent train- 
ing and as he measured his strength with 
the best his mind was developed, his intel- 
lectual forces were quickened and strength- 
ened and he acquired a readiness in action, 
a fertility of res^airces and a courage un- 
der stress that were essential factors in his 
successful career. He became a well 
known practitioner before the supreme court 
of the state and uf the circuit court of the 
United States at Cincinnati and was widelv 
acknowledged to l>e one of the leaders of 
his profession in Ohio. He also practiced 


before llic Unite<l Stales supreme court in 
Wa.-liiu-ton, D. C. At the time ut liis 
death llie l)ar of Lancaster — liis nati\e — of which he had been a niemiier ftir 
more than forty years, ami the representa- 
tl\es nf liigher courts, met in their I'cspect- 
ive forums to pay triliute to the memory of 
one whose career had reflected honor and 
credit upon the judicial history of the 

His wife outlived him a number of 
}'ears, [jassinsj away in 1SS9. She was a 
member of St. Aviary's Catholic church and 
was a woman of exceptionally beautiful 
character. lo\-ed b_\- all who knew her. They 
were the ]iarents of nine children, but only 
three are now livino-; ]\Irs. Cornvn, and 

Mrs. Graffe, who reside at the corner of 
Chc'^tnut and High streets, and Judge Ed- 
ward 1". Hunter, of Seattle. Washington. 
Another son. John .\.. had served a> chief 
ju.stice of I'tah, but is now deceased. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hu'.ncr lived together for lorty- 
lu'ne years and upon the 4th of February, 
iSjj, were separated by death, the huslKuid 
being called to his tinal rest. Faultless in 
honor, fearless in conduct, stainless in repu- 
tation, such was \\\> life record. His schol- 
arly atta.inments, his citizenship, his reliable 
judgment and his charming powers of con- 
\crsation would have permitted him to ably 
till and grace any ]iosition. liov.ever exalted, 
and he was no less honored in pulilic than 
loved in private life. 


The life recortl of John Tratt'ord Brasee 
covered almost eighty years. He was dis- 
tincti\el\- a self-made man. with no extra- 
ordinary fannly or pecuniary advantages 
to aid him at the outset of his career, with 
many ditTiculties and obstacles in his path 
that would have discouraged a man of less 
resolute Sjiirit, he worked his way steadily 
upward, commanding not only success, but 
the iionor and respect of all with whom he 
was associated. His early years were a pe- 
riod of arduous and unremitting toil but as 
the years progressed he won a place among 
the foremost members of the Ohio bar and 

was at one time a leading member of the 
state senate. 

Mr. Brasee was b.orn in Hillsdale. Co- 
lumbia county, Xew York, December 24, 
iSoo. on a farm then owned by his grand- 
father. Fie was only seven '.ears of age 
when his mother died. His father soon 
afterward met disaster in business and Air. 
Brasee and his sister. Jane, went to live 
with their maternal grandfather, with they remained until the 19th of C)c- 
t(fber. 1809. After the grandfather's death 
on that day, they continued on the old 
hi.:mc until the spring of fSio, living 

I ,, hi.. '1 

ij!njlll!l. '/ r.ffi 
■ ■■i lik.17, J;-.)i! 


with their luiclc, I'.cnjamin Snyder. At 
that tiir.e. hdwevcr. John.T. Brasee was 
placed !)v his guanhans in the service of 
John Lane, a man who had recently nvned 
int'i t!ie neig;iiliorho<)d. He received from 
Lane most inliuman treatment. He had to 
work very liard. was scantily supplied with 
clothing- and was often sent to bed; witlnsut 
his supper. He did not complain, how- 
ever, for he did not know that he might 
have received different treatment under 
other care. After two years, however, ins 
gTiardians took him away frc>m the man 
Lane and ]jlaced him in the home of Isaac 
Foster, a blacksmith, wliLim he found to be 
a very humane man and in whose family 
he found a pleasant home. He assisted in 
the duties of the household and in the black- 
smith shop. He became interested in the 
trade, found it congenial and often said that 
the ring of the anvil was music to him 
throughout his remaining life. \\'hen fif- 
teen years of ag-e he left Mr. Foster and en- 
tered the employ of Jonathan Turner, who 
was proprietor of a hotel and tannery at 
Hillsdale. There he performed manifold 
duties, acting as clerk, manager, hostler and 
barkeeper, and also engaged in breaking 
bark in the tannery. Frecjuently he was 
in charge of the entire establishment, which 
he managed most satisfactorily to his em- 
ployer. His first*indcpendent venture was 
made in the spring of 1S19 when he ar- 
ranged with Zadock Newberry, of Hudson, 
to bake for him all the gingerbread that he 
couid sell at the general muster to l>e held 
in the county, and from the transaction he 
netted twentv-hve dollars, which was con- 

sidered a large siun at that time. In tlie 
winter of jSij he hrst attended schcxil and 
there became a go<:id penman an(.l thor(_>ugli- 
!y mastered Dabair.> arithmetic so that 
ne\-er afttiward did any arithmetical prob- 
lem trouble him. In l-\-bruary, iSiS, he lo- 
cated in ("aiiandaigua, Xew York, and was 
employed in J. W. IJcalc's tin and leather 
store, having a pleasant home with his em- 
ployer's family. In that year his attention 
was also directed to matters religious. The 
family with which he lived were Fpisco 
palians, and he attended that church under 
the pastorate of tlie i\ev. Mr. Ondcrd.onk, 
who afterward became a bishoi) of the 

In July of the same year, Air. Brasee 
detennined to seek a home in Ohio think- 
ing that upon tlie western border where 
there was less competition lie would have 
better opportur.ities for advancement. Ac- 
cordingly he made his way to Olean, New 
York, where he embarked on a small flat 
boat for Pittsluirg. J.^'urneying at that 
time was far different from the manner of 
travel at the present day. This was eight 
years earlier than D. Tallmadg"e undertook 
the same trip. He was accompanied by two 
others and when they came to the Alle- 
ghany ri\-er it was tix> low for any kind of 
navigation by the usual l)oats, and after 
waiting until patience became exhausted, 
they had a square boat built, uix>n which 
they placed tlieir trunks and thus embarked 
for Pittsburg. At night they would haul 
up their little craft to a bend in the river, 
and picking up boards along the l>each 
would use these for a bed with drj- weeds 


for a pillow. The banks of tlie river were 
a wilderness, contaiuino- many friemlly In- 
dians from whom they bought meat. Be- 
coming wearied by this mode of tra\el, 
ihey afterward jnit their trunks on a family 
boat to be taken to Tittsburg and started 
on foot for tliat place, arri\ing at their des- 
tination in tliree days. Soon after the river 
ai-ose si:i that navigation was p-jssible and 
they took ])assage on a family boat 
l)Ound for Cincinnati. Uik>ii reaching the 
latter city, ^[r. Brasee started on foot 
for Wilmingtcin, Ohio, where he met 
his old teacher, Mr. Truesdell, and Jacob 
Bosworth, a friend whom he had for- 
merly known in Xew York and who 
after\vard became, a leading and wealthy 
citizen of Wilmington. Seeking- emjiloy- 
ment in tliat place he entered the service of 
Isaac Morris, clerk of the court, who ga\x 
him fifteen dollars i>er month during the 
six months in \\ iiicli lie remained in his em- 
ploy. Tt was there that he first met Judge 
iJunlevy and Thfimas Corwin and was 
greatly charmed with the elocpience of the 
latter, it was largely this that induced him 
t'> become a law student and engage in 
practice at the bar. Realizing his need of he went at once to the Oliio Uni- 
versity in Athens, Ohio, walking all the 
way from Chillicothe, a distance of sixty 
miles. He arrived on*the 5th of July, 1S19, 
and at once entered upon a ccairse of study 
that reciuired se\en years to complete. Dur- 
ing the entire time he boarded with General 
John Brown and in order to meet the ex- 
penses of his education he worked in the 
clerk's office and taught school during the 
pcric^ds of college vacation. He possessed 

determined purpose, strong resolution and 
energy and these qualities enabled him to 
overcome all the dilhcultics in his path and 
lay the foundation for a successful future 
as a member of one of the learned profes- 
sions. In iSj4 he served for six months 
as principal of the Lancaster Academy and 
for his senices received two hundred tlo!- 
lars. Returning to Athens he took charge 
of the clerk's office as dqiuty and also en- 
tered the office of Joseph Dana as a law 
student. In the spring of 1826 he was ad- 
mitted to the bar by Judges Hitchcock and 
Burnett, and immediately afterward lo- 
cated in GallipoHs. Those were the old 
days when lawyers traveled tb.e circuit, 
making their way from place to place as 
court was in session in different towns. Mr. 
Brasee six>n acquired a gix>d clientage. 

It was during the early vears of his 
professii.mal career that ^Ir. Brasee was 
married, in 1829, to Marv Jane Scoficld, a 
daughter of Judge Scofield. Her only sis- 
ter became the wife of James R. Stanljery 
in 1S32. Her father, the Judge, found it 
very lrnies(,>me with his tw..) daughters away 
from home and endea\oretl to induce Mr. 
Brasee to to Lancaster, saymg that 
his home was large enough for two fami- 
hes. Two children had been lx-)rn unto our 
su'o'ect and his wife — Fdlen and John — and 
with their children they left GallipoHs in 
1S33 '"I'-l ti/uk up their ab*-ide in the fine 
house of Judge Scofield, now used as the 
postoflice. A contemporary iHograjjlier, in 
speaking of Mr. Brasee's career from this 
date has said : "AX'hen he came to Lancas- 
ter in 1833, tiiat beautiful little city was 
well kniiwn as a center c)f culture and re- 


fiiu'iiient alioAX' it> fellow s. but its great re- 
nown was the distinguished character of its 
bar, which then ninnbered among its niem- 
bc^rs I-lwing, Stanljcry and Hunta', \\\v:i 
were in tlie vignr of iulelleftual nianh<;'od, 
and were known far beyond the limits of 
the state as giants in their profession. But 
Mr. Brasee did not come among them with- 
out some prestige in his profession ; for al- 
though admitted to the bar only in 1826 
he had already appeared as counsel in the 
bupreme court. He tirst appears in the Ohio 
Reports in the case of Smith v. Ring, 3 O., 
■_iT,, which was decided in iSjj, the year af- 
ter his admission. .\n(l frequently thereaf- 
ter his name occurs in the reix-rts till he re- 
tired from the bar some twenty years ago. 
and some of the most important questions 
settled b\- that court were jiresented and 
discussed b}' lum. In a case in which be 
was a party as well as counsel (Brasee v. 
Lrmcaster Bank, 14 C, 318), he argited 
with distinguished ability and success Avbat 
is known among the lawyers of the state as 
the 'triangular question,' in the contest for 
priority of lien between a senior ju.dgment 
without levy, an iiuervening mortgage and 
a juni(jr itidgment le\ied within the year, 
establishing the paramount lien of tb.e elder 
judgment, altliougji tlie statute declared 
that, as between it and the junior judgment, 
with levy, the latter should prevail. And 
th's became and remains a leading^ case, 
followed in 16 O., ^^;i (Halliday v. ^Men- 
denhall j , and niuuerous other cases. 

"The Ohio bar. during the titne of his 
active professional life, contained, I.esides 
those already n.amed. a great many dis- 
tinguished men. a few of whom it may be 

well to mcntiivn: ^'in!lln. Goddar'!. Ir\in, 
Scott, Dunlcvy, Kste, Ilayward, Hamm.nid, 
Tappan. Odliu, Murphy, liond. Douglas, 
Wilcox, Swan, King. Sloan, Wright, Xye, 
tlrimke, Lcnard, Sill, Silliman, Price. .Mc- 
Dowell. Hamer, Corwin, Collins, St'jrer. 
Wade, Gnodenow, Tliompson, Fox and 
Worthington. .\mong these and others 
not so well known, but of ecjual ability, Mr. 
Brasee st(jod as a peer and a brother; and 
he was esteemed, not only as an able law-' 
yer, but also as a highl_\- cultured and agree- 
able gentl^-'uan. He was noted on the cir- 
cuit for his apt and quaint anecdotes and 
other companionable qualities. Few of his 
compeers above named now remain, and 
none of them, it is belie\-ed are now en- 
g'aged in the practice of their profession. 
The few who do reniain will join heartily 
in doing Iionor to his niemor}'. 

"Without being an orator he was a very 
effecti\e speaker, and was quite successful 
before juries. His ar.uumenfs on the facts 
oi a case were remarkable for th.eir cmi- 
pileteness in presenting the whole case, 
showin.g a mastery of the facts and an ap- 
preciation of the strong and weak points of 
each side, and ability to sift evidence and 
apply it to build up his theory as to the truth 
of the matter. He seldom resorted ti_> sar- 
casm, but on occasion he could use it with 
startling effect. But his leading character- 
istic was his k-no-wledge of the law in its 
most elementary principles. In special 
pleading and in ecpiity pleading he was a 
master ; and he was ready and proficiait in 
all matters of evidcice and practice, which 
made him formidable in the trial of cases. 
But his forte was in arguments to the court. 


His mind was at once aciile ant! li^gical. and 
his iiulii'-try was such that he was always 
fiiuii'i fully arnifil and ready f'>r the fray 
wlioever might he the champion of the 
other side. In these c«:-.ntests he won most 
of his laurels; and to the student ot oiu' 
judicial hist<:,ry these laurels will still look 
fresh and hright. 

"Though decided in his political \iews, 
he could not he called a partisan, and he was 
nex'cr vojimtaril}- a. candidate for office. Af- 
ter the dissolution of the Whig party, of 
which he was a member, and before the for- 
mation of the Republican party, while the 
opposition to the Democratic party Avas in 
a transition and somewhat chaotic state, he 
was, in 1855, elected to the state senate, 
and he scr\ed during the two sessions of . 
1S56 and 1S57, and took lan active and 
leiiding part in th.e legislation of those two 
sessions, and pariicularly in perfecting the 
act for tiie "J'.ank of Ohio," which, it is 
generally understocwil was the joint ])roduct 
himself and his associate, Alfred Kelly, sen- 
ator from the Columbus district. The law 
Wc!-S drafted with great care, and although 
it never went intcj [iractical ettect in Ohio, 
it had the higher distinction of forming, 
with tlie law creating the State J'ank of 
Ohio, the liasis and prototyi>e of the Na- 
tional Paiik act, passed by Congress some 
seven Aears later." 

After the removal to Lancaster, i-,ther 
childreti were added to the family of Mr. 
and Mrs. Brasee. Their daughter, Ellen, 
became the wife of T. W. Tallmadgc. The 
other memi)ers of tlie family are INlary J., 
the wife of Dr. Hammill. of Xew York; 
Clara, the wife of Dv. ]. H. Salisburv; 

Alice, the wife of George Witte, of New- 
Orleans; J(fhn S., an eminent ir.ember of 
the I.ancaster bar; George B., a prosperous 
farmer; and Morton, ■who died in the year 

Although Mr. Brasee met with distinc- 
tion and -uccess in his ]irufession, he gTad- 
ually ga\e up his law practice for he be- 
came extensively interested in farming and 
his attention \\as demanded in the suj^er- 
\ision of his agricullural interests. Me 
made judicious investments in f;irni prf>i> 
erty and at the time of his death, which 
occurred at iiis home in Lancaster on the 
2y\.\\ of October, 1880, he was t!ie owner 
of about one thousand ;icres of the best 
land in Fairheld coimty. John T. Brasee 
was a geritleman in the highest sense of 
the w(;rd, polite and courteous to all. lie 
was al'^o of a genial, ji^vial nature, who en- 
joyed a good jifke and was himself an ex- 
cellent story teller. He t(X)k gre-at pride in 
his personal appearance and was nlwTiys 
well dressed ; a man of his Avord, he \v;is 
never known to break an engagement and 
his de\otion to his clients' interests Kvas 
proverbial. Late in life he became a com- 
municant of St. John's Episcopal church, 
which was always the church of his choice 
and in harmonv with its principles he 
Ir.-ed a true, honorable life. There was a 
simplicity in his nature that made him very 
free from ostentation or flisplay, yet there 
was a force of character that enahled him 
ti~> overcome the diihculties that surrotmde<l 
an almost friendless l)o_\- withoiit education 
and without wealth. More than ordinary 
persexeratice and energy were needed under 
such circumstances to acquire an academic 


THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. and professional trainino-, vet his tio.i :,n,l culture and laid the foundation for 

niarkcd energy and natural al.ility enabled civiliAati.m. ]n this way did John T. Erasee 

hun t(v advance to a ].osili<.n ppmiinent accon.iplisli, not only much for himself, hut 

among- the leading members of Ohio's bar for the state with which he became con- 

m the middle of the nineteenth ccntm-y. It necte.i in the early years of his manhood, 

-vvas the traveling preaciiers and lawyers of and (Jliio lias reason to number him among 

that day who scattcreil die seeds of educa- her honored and distin-nished men. 


Among the energetic and progressive 
farmers living in Greenfield township is 
Jacob Cla_\pool, who makes his home on 
section 34. He was born on section 21, in 
the same townsliip, August 26, 1S46, and is 
the oldest son of Isaac and Xancy (Mason) 
• Claypool. who are represented on another 
page of this \\ork. On the family home- 
stead he was reared and the sun shone 
down on many a field which he plowed and 
planted in his youth. During the winter 
months he attended the district schools and 
afterward spent about fifteen months as a 
student in the schools of Pleasantx ille, thus 
largely supplementing his early educational 
privileges. He remained at honre until his 
marriag-e. which important event occurred 
on the 7th of October, 1S6S. Miss Trupliena 
Wiest becoming his wife. She was born in 
Greenfield tf)wn?hip October 29, 1S47, ^"'^1 
is a daughter <M' Jact.l> and Cadierine (Mil- 
ler) Wiest, who were earl}- settlers of the 
county, coming from Maryland to this [)or- 
tion of Ohio in pioneer times. Mrs. Wiest 

was a daughter of Frederick Millci and is 
still living, Jiaving passed the ninetieth 
milestone on the journey of life. She was 
twice married, her first husband having 
been Mr. Baugher, by win mi she had one 
son and one daughter. Mr. Wiest was also 
twice married, his first union being with 
Miss ^\■ilderlnath, liy whom he had four 
daug-hters. By the marriage of the p-arents 
of Mrs. Clay[)ool there were four children 
horn, three daughters and a son. namelv: 
Amanda, Trupheua. Susan and Oliver J. 
Mrs. Claypi-xiJ was educated in the com- 
moi! schools and in the Faii-field Academy 
at Pleasantville. She afterward success- 
fully engaged in teaching for a number of 
}-ears. In her home she was a devoted and 
loving wife and mother and her death, 
which occurred on the nth of February, 
1S99, was deei)ly mourned by many of her 
friends as well as her immediate familv- 
She left three children. Mary Fstella, 
Claude and Florence, who are still with 
their father. Tlie oniv son, Ilarn.- Wiest, 






had diet] in infancy. Florence married 
Lewi,- 'W. Marks on Ajjril 17, H)OJ. 

After liib marriage ]\Ir. Clay[j<iMi took 
lip his abode in a log cabin, eighteen by 
twcnt}- feet, which stood upon th^ faiin en 
wdn'ch he yet lives. In i8Sy he erected his 
}7rescnt modern a'ld attractive residence at 
u co>t of three thousaiid lollars. He has 
long successfully engaged in stock raising 
and dealing, and has cultivated the greater 
part of the farm of one hundred and fifty- 
five acres which lie owtis. His methods are 
progressixe ar'l moiern and his efforts 

bring til him aranially good crops as well as 
goxl returns fr^-m his stock interests. He 
ser\-cd n>r two tenns as [)resident of the 
Fairfield County Agricultural Society and 
(lid much I" pri>mntc the farming interests 
of his ommui'ity. He was <also honored 
with the office of ti>\vnship trustee for nine 
}ears, being chr;sen to the position on the 
Republican ticket. He is a meml^er and 
trustee of the Presljyterian church and is 
a citizen t>f wi>rt!i whose life is at all times 
Imtiorable, upright and worthy of high re- 


George G. Beck was Iwrn in Lancaster, 
Ohio, January '30. iSi5, on the spot of 
grounil on which he resided to the c'ose of 
his life and where his father's family had 
lived since 1810. He was a son of Jacob 
Beck, born in AWirtemberg, Germany, in 
1777, while his mother, who bore the 
maiden name of .\nna Goss, was a native 
of Lasil. .Sw it/:eilan^l, born in 1:84. The 
parents were pious Christians and donated 
the lot on wdiich the first Lutheran church 
was built in Lancaster, the groun 1 now oc- 
cupied by the A. Getz shoe factory. He was 
the youngest of f.iur children: Jacob, born 
in 1804, and died in 1898: Anna, who wa- 
born in 1808 and passed away in 1S90; 
jNIarv, wdiose birth occurred in 18 u, and 

who died in 1872; and George G., torn in 
1816, and died in 1SS5. 

The early education of George G. Beck 
was effectually adapted to fit him for that 
eminent degree of usefulness for which his 
life was distinguished. His exalted relig- 
ious character and his great worth as a w ise 
and safe counsellur were kuiiwn and recog- 
nized far bey(jnd the limits of the com- 
nuinity in which he re.-ided. Xo trust was 
ever committed tc* him that he did not faith- 
fullv discharge. He was a stanch Lutheran, 
and tlie new St. Peter's Lutheran church, at 
the cr.rner of Broad and ^fulberry streets, 
stands as a monument to him and the mem- 
bers i;;f the building conmiittee, who not only 
contributed most lilx'rallv of their means but 


zealously tlc\iit(Hl their time and strength Xo 
its uplniilding-. Mr. Beck learned the trade 
of a tanner but did not follow that vocation. 
In 1S35 he entered the drug store of P'.ury 
& DurniiiU and learned the business. In 
1840 he i)urchased the interest of Dtiniont 
and carried on the business 0!i an e\tensi\e 
scale, wholesale and retail, in the Imilding 
now owned b}" Beecher White, as ])artner 
with his brother-in-law, Joseph Bury. Mr. 
Bury died in 1846, when ^Ir. Beck became 
sole owner of the store, and later purchased 
the building- of the heirs of Christian King. 
\\ ith only a short inteniiission in which he 
was connected with the Lancaster Starch 
Factory, as superintendent, he remained in 
the drug business to the close of his life — 
from '1835 "^"t'l 18S5, — first under the name 
of Bur\- & Beck, then George G. Beck, and 
finally as George G. Beck & Son. In 1859 
he took charge of the drug store in the Fred- 
erick A. Shaffer building, corner of ^Main 
street and Fountain square, which property 
he purchased in 1881. 

On the 17th of September. 1842, Mr. 
Beck was joinetl in wedUxk to Maria Louise 
Wagenhals, the eldest daughter of Rev. 
John anil ^laria Barbara ( Poorman l \\'ag- 
enhals. Six children were born to them, as 
follows: Anna Mary; Maria Lou'se and 
Gertrude, who passed away prior to the fa- 
ther's death; and John W., B. Ellen and 
Julia E., together with his wife, survived 
him. B. Ellen passed away on December 
16. 1890. after a lt>ng and painful illness, 
caused by injuries received in being thrown 
from a carriage. She met death with the 

same quiel, Christian resignaiiim with 
which she had met the issues of life. 

JmIui Wagenhals IVvk, wlu- was born 
January .?8, 1845, and died September _'0. 
ii>oo, was the only .son of George G. and 
Maria Lixiisc (Wagenhals) Beck. He was 
born on the old family honieslc.'id in Lan- 
caster and when a boy entered his father's 
store. lie continued at the same stand he first entered upon his life w< rk 
until the close of his life. He received his 
early education in the public schools and 
prepared himself for college in the pri\ate 
school of Dr. John Williams, the celebratcil 
instructor and le.\icogra]>her. Later he en- 
tered the University of Pennsylvania, where 
he graduated in pharmacy in 1868, after 
which he became a partner in his father's 
store under the name of George G. Beck & 
Son. He survived his father nearly si.xteen 
years but never changed the name of the 
fim^. On Se[)tember 19. 1900. he was at- 
tacked with a violent hemorrhage of the 
stomach, from the effects of which he ne\'er 
rallied, and died at three o'clock A. M., the 
following day, September 20. Tlnis the 
names of George G. Beck & Son were 
stricken from the list of Lancaster's promi- 
nent and successful business me;^, after 
serving the public for more than si.xty con- 
secutive years. J. H. ]^I( ody & Company 
are successors to the business. John W. 
Beck was a member of the Lancaster Lodge 
of Elks and was electe.l as fir^t trea-urer ^f 
the order in this city. Like his father, he 
was a stanch Republican and was always 
loyal to his party. 



Mrs. George G. Beck, )icc Mar'a Louise 
\\';ij;xMiha!s. is a descendant (.f the Stantz, 
J luff, in 1, Snyder and Foijrnian (formerly 
I'urnian) families, who sell'ed in Dauphin 
and Vcrk counties, Penns) l\ania, prior to 
1744 and 1750. A luunber of ihcbC sturdy 
people took part in our nation's struggle f'lr 
lihertx in the Revolutionary war. Her ma- 
ternal gTandmother, ;Mar\- Elizabeth Sny- 
der. \vas lii>rn June 4. ^yj}.. near Chambers- 
burg, Pennsylvania, and her maternal graml- 
falher, Bernard Pi_^orman. \vas born April 
7, 1777, in Franklin countw Pennsylvania. 
Pier grandparents, Mary E. Snyder and 
Bernard Poiirman. were married near 
Chaml)ersbin'g, Pennsylvania, in iSoi. In 
1808 they removed to Perr\- county, Ohio. 
near Somerset, and sealed on the farm 
which \vas their home until death. Tlieir 
second child was ?\Iaria Barbara, born May 
25. 1803. In October, 182^. she was mar- 
ried to Rev. John Wagenhals. and on Sep- 
tember 17, i8::3. their eldest child, !\[aria 
Louise, was born in Xew Lisbon, Columl.ii- 
ana county, Ohio. In 18.29 he received a 
call from St. Peter's Lutheran church of 
Lancaster, Ohi", where he labored until 
1859, when he accepted a call from the 
church in Circleville. Ohii), In 1868, on ac- 
count of throat trouble, he \\•a^ compelled to 
retire fron: the active duties r>f the min- 
istry. The mother died. March 2. 1827, 
lea^ ing three small children: Maria Louise; 
Philip Melancthon and Elizabeth. ^Vlaria 
I/5uise was married on the T3th of Septem- 
ber, 1842, to George J. Beck, of Lancaster, 
Ohio. The home he prepared for her as a 

bride has ])cen her place of residence e\er 
since. Although seventy-^'ight years old at 
this writing, she is in possession of all her 
faculties. She lives with her only sur- 
viving child, Mrs. Julia Beck Fromlet. 

Rev. John Wagenhals, a sou of Daniel 
and Lc)uise (Ilornung) Wagenhals, was 
born April 16, J 799. in Gueglingen, king- 
dom of \\'urtemberg, Germany. He at- 
tended the parochial school of his native citv 
and received preparatory training in classical 
studies in the Latin scIkk^I of the same place 
and afterward pursued his studies in the city 
of Stuttgart. In 1818 he emigrated to 
America, and landed in the city of Phila- 
delphia, wdiere he be<:ame accjuaintetl with 
eminent ministers of the Lutheran church, 
wdio, in view of his literary attainments, in- 
duced him to devote himself to "the sen'ice of 
the church. He continued his studies under 
the direction of several reputable clergymen 
of that early period and was licensed as a 
minister of the gospel September 12, 1821. 
On Trinity Sunday, in 1826, he was or- 
dained at Xew Philadelphia. Ohio. His first 
pastoral charge consisted of a number of 
congregations in Columbiana, Carroll and 
adjoining ccvunties, wdiich he served with 
great self-denial and faithfulness. In 1829 
he received a call from St. Peter's Lutheran 
church of Lancaster, Ohic>, w here he labored 
until 1859, when, he accepted a call from the 
church in Circleville, Ohio. In 1868, on ac- 
count of throat trouble, he was compelled to 
retire from the active duties of the ministr)-. 
Rev. A\'agenhals was one of the found- 
ers of tlie Lutheran Theological Seminan.- at 


Ci;>!iunbu>, Oliio. and was for many years a 
director and a most zealous siipiinrtcr of the 
same. In his intercourse with men lie was 
iuvariahly courteous and canchd. and was 
deservedly held in hi-h esteem l.y all who 
knew him. As a preacher of die gospel he 
was elocpieiit. plain and instructive: as a 
pastor he '\as affectionate and .sympathetic, 
and possessed the confidence, respect and 
esteem of his parisliioners to an emir.ent de- 
gree. In 1870 he retiuaied ti> f.aneaster, 
where he spent the last years of his life. 
He died September 1^, 1SS4, at the ad- 
^■anced age of eiglUy-fivc years, four mouths 
and twenty-six days. 

I'lndip ^[. W'agenhals, a ^on of Rev. 
John W'agenhals and Alaria Barl.Kira (Poor- 
nian) W'agenhals, was born Marcii i. 1S25, 
in Carroll county, Ohio. He received his 
earl) educaticm in Lancaster, Ohio, and at 
the Greenfield Academy, which was con- 
ducted by l>r. John William^. He read 
medicine untler Dr. Ci. W. Bucistler, Sr., 
and later attended the I'niversity of Balti- 
nvre. in Baltimore. Maryland, from which 
he was graduated in 1S46. On June 14. 
1847, 'le was united in marriage to Susan 
E. Shaeffer, of Lancaster, Ohio, and Icnrated 
in Somerset, Perry county, Ohir>. where he 
resided several years. He was a prominent 
and successful physician of this city from 
1S54 until 1874, when he removed with his 
family to Columbus, Ohio, where he died 
Februan,- 16, 1881. His wife anvl eight 
children sur\i\ed him. 

Julia A. Wagenhals, a daughter of Rew 
J. and ^[argaret (Miller) W'agenhals, be- 

came the wife of Rev. C. .\ll;rechl, decea.sed, 
wiio for many years was pastor of the Lu- 
theran church at Miami-burg, Ohio. She 
passed away on the 3d of March, 1893, 
being survived by her se\en children. 

Rev. Samuel Wagenhals, 1). I)., a son of 
Re\-. J. and Catherine ( Ludwig) Wagen- 
hals, was born in Lancaster. Ohio, on the 
17th of January, 1843. He received his 
early education in the jjublic schools of his 
native town and also umler the instruction 
of Dr. John Williams. He graduated from 
Capital Lmiversity, Columbus, Ohio, in 
1862, and soon afterward enlisted in the 
One Hundred and Fourteenth Ohio \'olun- 
teer Infantry as a private. At the end of the 
Ci\'il war he was mustered out as first lieu- 
tenant of Company B, and immediately en- 
tered the Theological Seminar}-, at Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, graduating in 1868. 
He is a prominent minister of the Lutheran 
church and is president of the board of 
directors of the Lutheran Seminary at Chi- 
cago. Illinois. ]de is still serving his first 
pastorate at Fort Wayne, Ind'ana, where he 
ha.s resided since 1S6S. 

]\atherinc Wagenhals, a slaughter of 
Rev. J. and Catherine (Ludwig) W'agen- 
hals, married Rev. George Harter. and they 
are living in Akron, Ohio. 

r^Iary Wagenhals, the youngest daughter 
of Rev. J. and Catherine (Ludwig) Wagen- 
hals, married Havid M. Emmitt, of 
Waverly, Ohio, where she is now living 
with her son, her husband having passed 
away in 1895. 




Dr. Peter Hewctsun is the oldest rep- 
resentative of the nieilical profession en- 
gaged in cominuuus practice in Fairtiekl 
county. He is now living in Amanda, 
where a large and lucrative practice is ac- 
corded liini in recognition of the public 
faith HI his skill and ability. The Doctor 
is a native of Scotland, his birth having 
there occurred in Wigtown, Octolier 26, 
1832, his parents being, Dr. Joseph and 
Isabella (Hanna) llewetson, lx)th of whom 
were natives of Scotland and came to the 
United States in 1S33. The father read 
medicine and afterward graduated in the 
medical department of the Edinluirg Uni- 
versity of Scotland m 1S27. For a time h.e 
practiced his profession in the ^and of the 
heather and then believing that he wnjuld 
have better business opportunities in Amer- 
ica he made preparations for seeking a home 
in the new world, crossing the Atlantic. He 
silent six months as a practitioner in Penn- 
sylvania and then took up his abode in 
Belmont county, Ohi'., where he continued 
to practice until within a short time of his 
death, which c-ccurred in 1855. His wife 
died in Belmont county in August, 1858. 
The paternal grandfather of our subject was 
John Hewetson, also a native of Scotland. 
Dr. Peter Hewetson was accorded good 
educational privileges, attending the public 
and private schools. In 1851 he became a 
student of medicine, reading under the di- 
rection of his father and later entered tlie 
oltlce of Dr. Henry West in St. Qairsville, 
Belmont county. His first course of lec- 

tures was pursued in the Bellcvue Col- 
lege of Xew ^'ork city, and later he 
matriculated in the Miami ^^Iclical Col- 
lege, of Cincinnati, in which he was grad- 
uated in 1853, \\\yon the completion of 
his course. Then he began practice in Bel- 
mont county, Ohio, but in 1858 came to 
Amanda, where he has remained continu- 
ously to the present time. Here he has 
built up a large and successful practice, hav- 
ing the confidence not only of numerous 
patrons but of the medical profession of 
Fairfield county. Although many years have 
elapsed since he concluded his college work 
he has ever been a close, earnest and dis- 
criminating student and has kept in touch 
with the advanced thought and progress of 
the day along the line of his chosen voca- 

In 1S67 the Doctor was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Efhc Dum, of Amanda, Ohio, 
a daughter of Samuel and Elizal^^th (An- 
derson) Dum. Mrs. Hewetson was born 
in Pike county, this state and by her mar- 
rijige has become the mother of five chil- 
dren: Minnie E. ; Mary B. ; Joseph E., 
who is engaged in the practice of medicine 
with his father; William L., who carries on 
agricultural pursuits; and Helen P. 

The Doctor gives his political support 
to the Democracy. He was a lo>-al soldier 
of the Union at the time of the Civil war, 
ser\-ing for three years as assistant surgeon 
in the Fortv'-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 
;Many of the boys in blue have reason to re- 
n-tember him because of the aid that he ren- 



IJ 1 








dercfl to theni in huiirs of distress and suf- 
fering-, lie hell nys tu the Clark Giuniy 
Medical Society, to the A-^nerican Medical 
Association and to Amanda l^cxlge, Xo. 
509, F. & A. M. Through his association 
with the first two lie keeps infonncd con- 
cerning- tlie progress ix'ing made in the med- 

ical profession. He is a most affahle gen- 
tleman, widely and favorahly known and 
is held in high esteem by his many friends. 
He has a very wide acquaintance through- 
out the count}' and is the lo\-ed family ph\-- 
sician in manv a household. 


John D. Martin left an indelible impres- 
sion on the puldic life of Fairfield county. 
No citizen in the community was ever more 
respected and no man ever more faithfully 
enjoyed the confidence of the people or 
more richly deserved the esteem in which 
he was held. In his lifetime the people of 
his district, recognizing is merit rejoiced 
in his advancements and the success to 
which he attained and since his death they 
"have cherished his memor}-. which remams 
as a blessed benediction to all who knew 
hini. Honorable in business, loyal in citi- 
zenship, charitable in thought, kindly in ac- 
tion, true to every trust confided to his care, 
his life was the highest type of Christian 
manhood. Few men aidear thanselves to 
so great an extent to their biisiness associ- 
ates and to those with whoni' the}- come in 
contact in -the discharge of public duties as 
did John D. Martin. 

A native of Fairfield county he was born 
in Greencastle, January 7. 1S19. and passed 
.away on the 7th of December. 189S, when 

alm';>.-,t eighty years of age. His early bcy- 
hix;d was a period of earnest and arduous 
tial but he developed thereby self reliance 
anil various forces of character which 
proved strong- elcnients in his success in 
later life. Durii-ig his early boyhood he ac- 
companied his parents in their renvwal to 
Caltimore, Fairfield county, and was there 
employed by the contractors on the Ohio 
Central canal to carry water to their work- 
men on the deep cut near Monticello. Here 
his contmendalble boyish qualities and faith- 
fulness attracted the attention of Nathaniel 
R. Usher, who, as the canal neared comple- 
l\on. c«jxaied a store at the new town of ^iil- 
lersix>rt and who offered the hoy a position. 
Later Mr. Mlartin left the employ of '\U. 
Usher and entered the store of George B. 
Antold of Utica, Licking county, Ohio, be- 
coming a salesn-ian. In the store w-as an- 
other clerk — a b<iy al>3ut his oavu age — 
\V. S. Rosecrans. the future commander of 
the anny of the Cumberland!. 

In the year 1836 John D. Martin arrived 


in Lancaster and tliere mure than halt" a 
ct-niurv \\;is a very iniiKirlanl factor in l;.u^- 
iiK'ss circles here, his liistory Idrniir.s^ an 
intrei;al part i 'f the professional and coni- 
merciai circles of I'airheld counly. He Inst 
entered the ^.tore of L.e\ i Anderson as a 
salesman and afterward was in the emjiloy 
of )(.hn 11. Tennant. In iS-)0 M. P.. Brown- 
ing became the successor of Mr. Ten- 
nant and a new firm was fimneil under 
the name of M. B. Ilrowniny & Com- 
pany, his salesmen, Martin and Stam- 
haugh. l-.eing the silent partners. "Mr. 
Browning came to Lancaster from the east 
and for a lime had the financial support of 
his uncles, one in Canton, Ohio, and twn in 
New York, hut he was an unsuccessful 
business man and in a }ear or two the new- 
concern failed and^ Stamliang-h and .Martin 
found theiniselves involved and liable for 
Mr. Lrowning-'s debts. Mr. Stambaugh 
benefited b\v the bankrupt act and was re- 
leased but ]\Ir. Martin decline<l to di> that 
and sent for Mr. Thayer, one of the credit- 
ors, a, distinguished merchant of Philadel- 
phia. Coming to Lancaster, the gentleman 
made a thi>rough examination of the affairs 
of the firm and effected a settlement, charg- 
ing Mr. Martin with one- fourth of the in- 
debtedness. Having no capital, our subject 
gave his note for the anujunt and after sev- 
eral years had passed was free from all 
financial obligations. La the. meantime he 
had determined to enter the legal profession 
and he began the study rif law under John 
T. Bra see, one of the m(jst eminent lawyers 
at the l>ar of Fairfield county.' Mr. Thayer 
had gi\cn Mr. Martin the books of the oUl 
Concern to settle up and so well did he per- 

fc^rm his duty tiial when admitted ti.> the bar 
collectinns were entrusted to him fri>m many 
<.if the leading business houses in Philadel- 
phia, owing to the influence of Mr. Thayer. 
Wliile a law student, ]Mr. Martin also acted 
as bookkeeper for Gilbert Devol for two 
\'ears and to >ome e.xtent he was interested 
in the tin business. I'or ten or twehc }ears 
after his admission to the i)ar lie remained 
an acli\e aiul pri minent member of th.e 
profession. Tlie zeal with which be devoted 
his energies to his profession, the careful re- 
gard esinced for the interests of his clients 
and an assiduous and unrelaxing attention 
to all the det;iils of his cases, brought to him 
a large business and maele him very success- 
ful in its e^mduct. His arguments elicited 
warm commendation not cnily from his as- 
sociates at the bar, but also from the bench. 
He was a \er_\- able writer and his Ijriefs al- 
ways shi'iwed wide research, careful thought 
and the best and strongest reasons which 
could be urged for his contention, pre- 
sentetl in cogent and logical form, and illus- 
trated by a style unusually lucid and clear. 
He ^\as employed upon many ini'portant 
cases with Brasee and Hunter as opposing 
counsels. Li 1854, S. C. Stambaugh, his 
former associate, returned fromi California 
with si ine read_\- money and induced 'Sir. 
Martin to join him and P. B, Ewing in a 
banking enterprise. The Exchange Bank 
oi Martin c^ Company was organized. The 
agreement with Mr. Martin was that he 
should spend one hour each day in the tank 
but he could nc>t trust important matters 
for which he was responsible to others w hen 
he could attenti to them himself and he 
found it necessary to spend his entire time 



ill tlie bank so that he g'ave \\\\ liis lirofes- 
sion. 'J'liib bank did a jjiofiialile business 
until the year 1864, when it was merged 
intij tile First Xaiiunal Barik of Lancaster, 
and with the new institution Mr. Martin 
was connected, being chosen president. Fur 
thirty-two years he was a \ery acti\e tactor 
in tlic financial circle^ of this city and han- 
dled millions of money v, ithout the loss of 
a dollar to any man. He not only succeeded 
ill establishing one of the strongest financial 
institutions in this portion of the state, but 
through his capal.ilc business management 
won prosperity and in 1S86 lie sold his in- 
terests iii the bank to the late S. J. Wriglu, 
retiring permanently from business. 

A man of resourceful ability he loi'ked 
beyond the conditions of the moment to the 
possibilities of the future and did not confine 
his eft'orts alone to one line. l"i>r many years 
he was a partner in a dry goixls store; es- 
tablished and was connected with two or 
three enterprises of that cliaracler. He was 
also largely engaged in the milling business 
and s.pcculated in coal lands and engaged in 
mining and shipping coal on an extensive 
.scale, liis connections with business inter- 
ests of Lancaster cij\ered a period c^f sixty 
years, years of toil and anxiety. prosi>erity 
and adversity, but though discouragements 
and' obstacles were encountered, he pushed 
forward with resolute heart and strong will 
and eventually gained a place among the 
most successful men of his community. The 
most envious could not grudge him his pros- 
perity, so honorably was it won and so 
wortlnly used. From penniless boyhcn^d to 
an honorable old age, his career was ever 
wortliv of commentlation and furnishes 

many examples firr emulation. His sound 
business judj^Tucnt was often S'lught and iiis 
advice was always faithfully given and was 
greatly ai>preciatcd by man_\' men win* acted 
up'iii it with pmlit. .Sc!i;it'ir I'lwing had a 
high upiniiMi (.if his aljility and frequently 
sought his counsel. 

Li 1S40 Mr. ^ifartin was united in mar- 
riage to Miu-y jane Herman, who dicil in 
1870, leaving five children: M'r>. Clara 
McXcill, William L. and George \L., who 
are residents of Lancaster; FiKvin S., who 
is living in New Straitsville; and Charles 
B., who makes his home in Brice, C)hi(i. In 
1872 Mr. Martin was again married, his 
second union being with Jane M. Becket, of 
Fairfield county, a lady of high .scholarly 
attainments, being at one time principal of 
the Laucaster high .school. She is still liv- 
ing, making her home in that city. Mr. 
iMartin was a man of domestic tastes and 
found his greatest enjojnicnt at his own fire- 
side in the midst of his family. The de- 
clining years of his lite were spent in the 
quiet of his home where he tixik great pleas- 
ure in his lx>oks occasionally, however, tak- 
ing summer trips to Middle Bass, Lake Erie, 
which, outing he greatly enjoyed. 

In his political atfiliations 'Mr. Martin 
was a stalwart Republican, unswerving in 
his allegiance to his party and was recog- 
nized as one of its leaders in this part of 
Ohio. He gave his services freely and 
gratuitously to the cause of Republicanism 
and his etTorts were potent for the party's 
success. He was an excellent speaker, 
strong and deep and convincing in his rea- 
soning. He was a friend and associate of 
the great leaders of the Republican party 


ami liis inlluence was strong; witli llic siic- 
c(.'s>ivc ailtninistratiotis. lie delivertd man)- 
j.uhlic.- aiMrcsses at the time when t!\e cmuu- 
iry was inwihcd in Civil war, when the 
lh.\^ in l>hie were upiui the Held ul i'attle 
in the f.i>uth. He was a very close friend of 
Secretary of State Sherman., whL> was IxTn 
in Lancaster and during- the stormy ilays 
[)re\ions to the resuniiition of specie pay- 
ment, when Sherman was secretary cf the 
ireasnry in the Hayes cahinet. John D. Mar- 
tin was one of the closest advisers of the 
finance minister, and many of his sugges- 
tions were incorporated into law on the 
recommendation of Sherman, ^^'hile an 
acti\e factor in business and political circles 
Mr. Martin never neglected his duty to his 
fellow men and to his Creator. He regard- 
ed the Ic^rmer as a part of the latter, hcliev- 
ing- that Christianity largely constituted 
man's treatment of his felknv n.ieu. He was 
one of the original organizers and main 
supporters, financially and spiritually, of the 
present English Lutheran church of Lancas- 
ter, Ohio. Always read\- to help the 
of Christ in any- and e\'ery w ay he could and 
being a man of much more than i^rdinary 
mental capacity, he soon made himself felt 
in all departments of church work. He 
conuncnced lift with nothing, but hone.-ty, 
industry and perseverance. But these he 
used to the best possible advantage, and soiiu 
became a power in the comnumity, religious- 
ly, si:)cially and financially. Qiurches, 
schools and colleges would come to him for 
aid and advice. He gave the first diree 
thousand dollars toward the endowment of 
Wittenlx^rg College: this he afterward sup- 
plemeited by other donations, so^me of 

which ranging as high as five thousand dol- 
lars. I'.-r years he paid a fourth of the past- 
or's salary and other things in projX)rtiou, 
m the church in which he worshipped. .\nd 
.so scruiaikius was he in matters pertaining 
to the church aif!l her institutions in a 
time ( f financial crisis, whtm not having- 
plcnty of ready money, we would know him 
to pay the interest due on his college endow- 
ment n<jtcs and at the same time leaving his 
ta^xes gi_> by default, preferring rather to 
pay the penalty on taxes rather than the in- 
stitution should snfll'er. Lie was unostenta- 
tious. He never tried to make a show of 
his benevolence or religion. He tried to 
see the hand of God in all his dis- 
pen-^ations, whether prosperous or ad- 
\erse. At every point in his career ^Ir. 
Martin seemed to have realized the possibili- 
ties at that point. \n boyhood he was sur- 
rounded by many discouraging circumstan- 
ces but liis strong purpose and indefatiga- 
ble enterprise enabled him to lay the founda- 
tion t'- success. He possessed keen foresight 
and sound judgment and moreover his un- 
faltering honesty was one of the potent forces 
in his pros])erity. He regarded political ac- 
tion not as a man's for personal advance- 
ment I'Ut performance of the duties of citi- 
2en-ihi]i and the paying of the debt which 
he owed to his country. His church rela- 
tions were largely ideal. LI is natural en- 
dowments were a quick and strong temper 
and a warm heart, a gentle manner and a 
quiet courtesy. To control the first and 
to make his life the flower and expression 
of the other traits was the task w-hich nature 
had assigned him. We know nothing of 
the struggle but were daily witnesses of the 



victory. Kindness wns tlic motive of his great majority of his frien<Is. his ccnipanii.n- 

life. He had a well sjiriiig of affection and ^h\p was select ratlic;- than lar-v lnU tlie 

a quick ar.d oenerous sympaihy. which in- many who looked up lo and respected him 

creases hy giving", and hecanie richer hy be- realized as fnlly as tlid tiie few \\h<' were 

iug a very spend-thriit. Like all who walk nearer him that a tiaie man fallen when 

thron.o-h life -on a lii-lier '■])!ain than the death claimed him. 


Among the citizens that Pennsylvania 
has fnrnished to Ohio is numbered Dr. 
Adellieri \'. Lerch, wdio is now successfully 
practicin-; in r!e3sant\illc. He is yet a 
young man but has already attained dis- 
tinction many an oUler jihysician might 
%\ell en\y. lie was horu in Walnut Gro\e. 
Jerfers(.)n county, PennsUvania, on the 2d 
of September, 1869. His father. Amos B., 
became one of the leading, influential and 
acti\e citizens of AKirrow county, his labors 
contributing in large measure to progress 
along many lines. He was born in Jeiler- 
son ciiunty, PennsyKania, August 24, 1843. 
and in early life folk wed merchandishig 
and fanning, the latter pursuit, however; 
being- a side issue and consisting principally 
in tr\-ing to raise the be-t and largest of any 
crop in his vicinity, paying the expenses of 
this enterprise from his other revenues. He 
e;:rly received business training in his fa- 
ther's sti re. He was a graduate of a high 
school and conmiercial college and for some 
years he was upon the road as a traveling 
salesman, representing a Pittsburg house. 

Subsequently he embarked in general mer- 
char.di^iiig on his own acc' amt at Ringgold, 
Teiter:0>rL county, Pennsylvania, but tlic lieid 
of labor there was not broad enough for one 
of his energetic and enterprising nature and 
after a few years he suld hi> store and came 
to Ohio, thinking to find greater ojipor- 
tunitie,- in the new west. He located at 
Steam Corners, Morrow county, Ohio, 
where he purchased a steam sawmill and 
lumber yard, making the lumber into all 
kinds of building material required in the 
locality. But to a man (A his resourceful 
ability this did not oft'ei; opiir.rtunitics 
enough for liis activit_\- and he purchased a 
farm, devoting his attention to manufac- 
turing lumber and to agricultural pursuits. 
ifle became more and more attached to agri- 
cidtural interests as the years passed bv, the 
occupation prn\-ing one very congenial. Ac- 
ci >rding-l_\-, his first farm of eighty acres was 
too small and he sold his farm, mills and 
lumber yard, remc^ving to the ea-tern part 
of ^Morrow county, where he purchased a 
large tract of land to which he devoted his 


eneri^Mes and business talents. In a few 
\oar^ he iiad won the reinitatii>n as nne of 
(lie ni'>.-t prcgressive, enterprising ami jiros- 
jtei'uus farmers in that p rlion <>f the stale. 
ilis capability attracted tlie attention of die 
int'miiary directors, who induced liiin to ac- 
eej)t the superintendency of the Morrow 
C'-uuly Infirmary. He was a go^d b(Xik- 
keeper. was the secretary of the lioard and 
made out their rep 'rts h> the ccninty com- 
missioners, and it is but just to say tliat 
from no department r'f the county govern- 
ment has there ever c..<me a neater and more 
accurate report than that made by the ir.- 
firmary directors wh.ile Mr. Lerch \\\as the'r 
secretary. A local pa]>er in speaking of the 
services that Mr. l.erch rendered as super- 
intendent said: "The improvements on tlie 
infirmary farm, with all tlie aggregation of 
appliances for con\enier.ce and comfurt 
known to ni'idem science and mechanical 
skill, whereby the unfortunate poor anil the 
helpless maniac might be better cared for: 
with fine gra\-el walks and driveways like on the lands of a lord: with a thrifty 
young vineyard ready '^oon U^ l)ear its 
luscious clusters: with sloping front lawn 
t-'iward sunset similar to those described in 
works of dreamy fiction : with an iron fence 
app/arently as permanent as granite, all were 
added by uay of permanent improvements 
to our county fann witlKut extra Ie\}- for 
the infinnary fund. Into each and e\'ery 
t>ne of these Superintendent Lerch put his 
thoughts and his energy. If any future in- 
quisitor of the expenditures of the infirmary 
fund during Lerch"s administration desires 

to exercise his call, in showing hi w much 
less any subsequent administrati->n ( f the 
inhrmarv has co.-t the county, he must n.-i 
forget to credit these permanent improve- 
ments with their fair annual rental \aluc." 
Alnng other lines, too, Mr. Lerch proved his 
deep interest in bis county by promoting 
])ublic iirogrts-;. He was an active fact-r in 
educationrd circles and his efi'orts in this 
direction were instrumental in improving 
the sch.:ols and raising the standard of 

Abo:;t if^f.^ Amo.^ 1!. Lerch was united 
in marriage to Laura C. McFarland. a na- 
ti\e of Pennsylvania, and th.ey became the 
parents of three children: J. H. C. ; R. 
W . C who was a practicing physician; and 
Adell>ert A'., of this review, but the la^t 
nan:cd is now the rally one living. 

1 )r. Lerch, whose name introduces this 
record, pur-^ued his early education in the 
])ublic ::chi. rjs of Oliio, to which state he 
was brought by his parents during his earlv 
boyho-'d. Wdien his literar\' cc;ursL' was 
Completed he entered uiK>n the study of 
medicine, having determined to engage in 
the i)ractice as a life work. He matricu- 
lated in the Starling Medical College, of 
Columbus, and in 189J was graduated in 
that institution with the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. Immediately afterward he 
came to Pleasantville. Fairfield county, 
w here he has since built up a large practice, 
for he soon demonstrated his skill and abil- 
ity and showed an accurate knowledge con- 
cerning die use of remedial agents. He 
closelv studies and p(.nders all articles and 


works of value to the niedica! profession 
an<l is tluis constantly broadening his 
knowledge and pruniutiui; his efiicienrv. 

In 1893 the DcKtor was nnitcd in mar- 
riage to I\Iiss Ehza C. Chick, a danghler of 
Wilhani J. and Sarah P. Cdiick, her father 
Jiaving- been a well known real estate dealer 
of Chattanooga, Tennessee. He belonged 
to an <;kl time Virginia family of promi- 
nence and inllnence and was an only son and 
received excellent educational privileges, 
being a graduate of the University of Vir- 
ginia and also of the Poughkeeps!e Com- 

mercial College, of New York. For man} 
years he was actively aiul extensively er.- 
gagcd in real estate dealing and negotiatei 
many im])ortant realty transactions, this de- 
partment of business activity claiming h:5 
attention until his deatfi, which (x-curred ir^ 
1894. The marriage of the l>i>ctor and his 
wife has been blessed with one child, Wil!- 
iam Carlton, who is a bright buy and is the 
life and light of the household. The Doc- 
tor and his wife ha\e many warm friend; 
in the community and enjin- the esteem of 
all who know them. 


Tlie Rev. K. II. Griffith, who devoted 
many years of his life to the active work of 
the ministrv' ar.d who is now well known as 
a representative of real estate and other 
business interests in Fairfield county, wa^ 
!x5rn in Marahall, Highland cuunty, Ohio, 
on the 17111 of October, 1S49, his parents 
Ix-ing W. H. and Margaret D. Griftith, both 
of whom are now deceased. His collegiate 
education was obtained in the Ohio Wes- 
leyaii University and some years afterward 
the degree of Master of Arts was conferred 
upon him l>y the Taylor University. De- 
termining to devi te his life to the ministry, 
that he might ai<l in uplifting- humanity. 
Air. Griiiith became identified with the 
Methcxlist Episcopal church in the C)hio an- 
nual ctTnference in the year 1872. He was 

then twenty-three years of age, and lor a 
long period he was connected with the Ohio 
annual conference, but in January, 1895. he 
was transferred by Bidiop J. M. Walden. 
D. D., LL. D., to the Des Moines annua! 
Conference, and stationed at Humeston, 
Iowa, ser\ing as pastor of the church of 
that place for four years. He was then 
stationed by Bishop J. H. \'incent, D. D., 
I-L. D., at Stuart, Iowa, but resigned his 
[tastorate there about the middle of the sec- 
ond year because of his wife's health and 
also because financial interests in other sec- 
tions of the country demanded his personal 

In the year 1873 Rev. GritTith was 
united in marriage to Miss Susan C. South- 
ard, a daughter of Rev. J. \V. and Mary J. 



Soutliard, the Rev. II. 1'.. We>te!l)dt. D. D., 
oiKiciatiiig'. After ten years of married life, 
one Sunday in, 1883. in Deavcr- 
tiiwn, Morgan county. Ohio, a daughter 
came to bless tlic uniim and to her they gave 
the name of Floy IriC^. 

'Mr. Griflith is a senior partner of the 
firm of Griffith &- ^IcCurdy, owning a large 
general store in Bremen. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Bremen Lumber Company of the 
saTiie place. Investigation into the history 
of the town would show that Mr. Griflith 
has had no little to do \\\i\\ the rapid and 
splendid groAvth of the beautiful village. 
He was in'^trumcntal in laying out \\hal is 
known as the Griffith & McCurdy addition 
and in placing in this district a number of 
g(.x>d hemes. Though he has large business 

interests in llremcn he maintains his old 
home in Basil, in the .same county. His 
hou-e, with its environments consisting of 
brick walks, broad and velvety lawns and 
ample shade and fruit trees makes a de- 
lightful home, and there Rev. Griffith and 
his wife spend many happy hours. lie loves 
to contribute to the welfare of the Basil 
Method.i<;t church, and sa_\-? : '"There arc 
not main- of us, but like every !\Iethodist 
Episcopal church, we are here to stay." 
.\lthough not nov. actively comiected with 
the mini-tiy, his interest in the welfare and 
];rogres< of his church is no less deep and 
abiding, and his influence and ]ai,ors are 
continuouslv given for the promotion and 
upbuilding of his denomination. 


In tlic death of Dr. George W. Boerst- 
ler, Lancaster and Fairtield county lost one 
of her most prominent and highly respected 
citizens. As the day, with its morning of and promise; its ncwDntide of activity, 
its evening c^f completed and successful ef- 
forts, ending with the grateful rest and 
quiet of the night, so was the life of this 
honored man. His career was a long, busy 
and useful one, and although he was earnest 
and active in business, he never allowed the 
pursuit of wealth to warp his kindly nature. 
being to the eiul of his life a kindlv, genial 

friend, one whom it was a pleasure to know- 
ana meet uiider any circumstances. He at- 
taine'l the advanced age of seventy-seven 
years, retaining to the last those qualities 
of the mind and heart which had emleared 
him to c\eryone throughout his life. 

Ih". B'^erstltr was born on the .\tiantic 
ocean in 1792, at the time his people emi- 
grate I ti' America, and passed away at his 
hrme in Lancaster, Ohio, on the loth of 
Octol:er. 1 87 1. Excellent educationaJ 
privileges were attorded him. It was the 
desire of his parents" hearts that he enter 



the ministry of the Lutheran church and 
wlicn his prei)arati>ry education was suffi- 
cient to enaljle hini to take up ^-tmly titting' 
Iiini for tile ministry, he did so, but his own 
choice of a profession was not that made 
for liini by his parents, althougli it was one 
which is of tlie greatest b^enefit and im[x>rt- 
ance to his fellow men, — that of the prac- 
tice of medicine. His father was a physi- 
cian of pronounced abihty and the son be- 
canie imbued witli an irresistiljlc desire to 
follow in his footsteps. At length, the ob- 
stacles being removed, he entered ui)cn the 
study of medicine and was graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Medicine of the 
University of ^Maryland, in BaJtimore, in 
1S20. wlien he receivetl from Professor 
Potter the following commendatLrn,- cer- 
tificate, which, coming from such a broadly 
known and eminent source, ^\■as to young 
Dr. Boerstler a credential letter, introduc- 
ing him in flattering terms, to the confi- 
dence of the medical faculty anywhere in 
the L'nited States or in Europe: "The bearer 
hereof, Dr. George W. Bcer^tler, has been 
duly examined by the professors of Mary- 
land, and acquitted himself to the ent're sat- 
isfaction in e\-ery department. Xk man 
ever left the faculty of Physic with more 
eclat. He carries with him as nuich knowl- 
edge ,as has ever fallen to the li>t if any 
man since the establishment c f the insti- 
tution. His capacity is not excelled by any 
man, and his industry is equal tL> his ca- 
pacity. His sterling integrity and mora! 
worth will always reciTmniend him to the 
consideration and patronage if the wise 
and virtuous, as scion as he becomes ac- 

quainted with them. — Xathan Potter, M. 
I^.. 1^-ofessor 'J'heciry and Practice uf Medi- 
cine, University of Maryland, March ^, 

'J'he professional career u\ Ur. B( erstler 
was of distinguished h-mor. A perfect 
master of the construction and functions of 
the component parts of the human body, of 
the changes induced in them by the on- 
slaught of disease, of the defects caused 
U]!on theni as a legacy of jjrogenitors, of the 
vital capacity remaining in them through- 
out all the vicissitudes. Dr. Bi..erstier was 
well fitted for the practice in the profession 
in which he made steady advancement. He 
succeeded because he desired to succeed. 
He was great because nature had endowed 
him bountifully and he had studiously and 
carefully and conscientiously increased the 
talents that had been given him. Splendid 
sticcess attended his efforts to relieve the 
riilments of suiYering humanity and for 
many years he occupied a position of dis- 
tinction as a leading" member of the med- 
ical fraternity in this portion of Ohio. He 
was always a student, reading w idely. think- 
ing (.ieeply. studying" broadly. 

The Doctor was married to Elizabeth 
Sinks, and retnoved from Hagerstown, 
Maryland, to Lancaster, Ohio, in 1833, ac- 
companied by his wife, their daughter and 
his son-in-law. Dr. Tom O. Edwards, who 
was associated with him for many years 
in the duties of his profession. They had 
not long been established in Lancaster \.\n- 
til a large practice was accorded them and 
the skill and ability wliich they manifested 
in soK'ing the intricate problems of dis- 



CISC. j;ainc(J for them a consiaiitly growing 
p.itronagc. The Doct'_~ir had not long rc- 
siiicd in his new home until !ic was calleil 
u\y. n to nu urn tlie loss of hi? wife, who died 
in i''^3>'^- Later he married Elizabetli 
Sculu". wiio survived liim for a number of 
\ears. Init passed away in May, 1900. 

Dr. Boerstler was a valued member of 
tlie Fairfield County }>Iedica] Society an.d 
also belonged t>^ the Oliiu State ^^ledical 
Society, which he assisted in organizing 
and twice served as its president, and to 
tlie American i^Iedical Associaliiin, jriining 
tlie latter in 1S50. A member of the prc- 
fessii;)!! who knew him intimately said of 
him : 

'"The medical rq>utation of Dr. Boerst- 
ler was built upon a fonndaticin of solidity, 
and this grew up into vigor and public ap- 
preciation more and morr^^ witli his advanc- 
ing years. ?Ie was a medical student to 
the end of his life: kept uniform step with 
onward progress wdth his profession; was 
familiar with all its signalized specialties:, 
was wel! posted in its scientific expositions: 
was cognizant of every pulilic valuable cura- 
ti\e discovery, and was therefore fully pre- 
pared for every existin.g emergency in his 
own immediate practice. His diagncisis of 
disease, in its subtle and more complicated 
forms, was always recei\-ed by his profes- 
sional bretliren with confiding and com- 
manding respect. As an experienced and 
learned consulting physician he acquired a 
wide reputation. To accomplish the great- 
est good in tlie practice of bis professii>n 
was the passion of his life. Xo one ever 
•S'^ught his aid in vain, rich or poor, misery 

in rags, or disease in tai>estr\- : he went to 
all, to comfort all. and. if jjracticable, to re- 
lieve all. In whatever honseliold be was 
summone<l as a physician, he left it as a dear 
and confidential friend. In bis intercourse 
with his niedical brethren, be was governed 
ever by the strictest formulas of honor; no 
iMie man understood more sen.sitively than 
himself the delicate obligations of his pro- 
fessional code of ethics, and no one was 
mr,re courteous ami punctilio-us in oliserv- 
ing them." 

Dr. Bocrsiler"s activity continued up to 
tlie time of bis death. No wearing illness 
wasted liim ard almost up to the moment 
when the final summons came, he was seen 
passin.g to and fro through the streets of 
Lancaster, greeted everywb.ere by friends 
who entertained for him the highest re- 
sjiect, regard and -veneration. The same 
source from which we have already quoted, 
gives us the f' allowing: '"'On the day pre- 
ceding his death, he appeared, to those who 
saw him, in his customary health : during 
the evening of that day he had a long ami 
very pleasant intercourse with a friend frrun 
abroad. wb>:) communicated to him some 
verv- gratifving intelligence respecting an 
absent member of his family, long lo\-ed 
and ven,- dear to liim. \\'ith a father's 
full heart, he immediately prepared a long, 
consoling, paternal letter, which he intended 
to have copied early the next day. and dis- 
patch as earlv as possible to this distant one. 
The ensuing morning found him up. happy 
with hope, and glowing with good inten- 
tion ; loving and loved, at peace with God, 
and in charitv with man. While standing 




before his glass to adjust some personal into the anus of his wife and daughter, and, 
toilet requirement, the supernal mandate unruflled and painless, he passed gently and 
came to call him home; he sank suddenly ra[)id!y away." 


The world instinctively pays deference 
to the man whose success has been worthily 
achieved, who has attained wealth by hon- 
orable business methods, acquired the high- 
est reputation in his chosen calling by merit, 
and whose social prominence is not the less 
the result of an irreproachable life than of 
recognized natural gifts. Greater than in 
almost any line of work is the responsibility 
that rests uptjn the physician. The issues 
of life and death are in his hands. A false 
prescription, an iniskilled operation may 
take from man that which he prizes above 
all else — life. The physician's power must 
be his own: not by ])urchase, by gift or by 
influence can he obtain it. He must com- 
mence at the very beginning, learn the very 
rudiments of medicine and surgery, con- 
tinually add to his knowledge by close study 
and earnest application and gain reputation 
by merit. If he would gain the highest 
prominence it must come as the result of 
superior skill, knowledg'e and abilitx', and 
these qualifications are possessed in an em- 
inent degree by Dr. Bi^rstler. He has at- 
tained marked distinction as a representa- 
tive of the medical profes>i()n in Lancaster. 

A native of this state, he was born on 

the 24th of November, 1846, and is a son 
of Dr. George Washington Koerstler. whose 
sketch precedes this. In the public schools 
of Lancaster the Doctor acquired his ele- 
mentary education and later attended the 
private school of Dr. John Williams. On 
putting aside his literary text books he be- 
gan reading medicine in his father's office 
and was graduated in the medical depart- 
ment of Wooster College with the class of 
1S69. \'ery desirous of attaining a high 
degree of proficiency in his chosen calling. 
he took a post graduate course in Xew 
York and then returned to Lancaster, open- 
ing an office and entering upon the prac- 
tice which has steadily increased in volume 
and importance. He has kept in touch with 
the must advanced thought of the times 
through the perusal of the leading meilical 
works that have been written and through 
his membership in the Ohio State Medical 
Society and the American ^ledical .\ssocia- 
tion. wh€re the interchange of thought and 
knowledge constantly broadens the minds of 
those who attend the convocations. 

In 1S72 Dr. Boerstler was united in 
marriage to Miss Sally Reever Camp, of 
Lancaster. The ladv. hinvever. was Ihtu 



in S;irKlu?ky, Ohio, and is a dauglitor of 
John ("i. Camp, a proniinein resident of tliis 
city, and a granddauglncr oi one of the 
Revohitionary heroes, who served in the 
war for iiidependence witli the r;nik of 
maj<ir. Unto the Doctor and hi^ wife was 
born a dangliter, EHzabetli, wlio is now th.e 
wife of B. J. Swinnerton, of Stone, Slaf- 
furdsliire'. luigiand. The wife and mother 
died in iSS6 and her deatli was nuiurncd, 
not i>nly by her immediate family, luit by a 
barge circle of warm friends whr. enter- 
tained for the highest regard. 

I'Vaternaby the Doctor is connected 
with Lancaster Lodge, Xo. 27, F. &• A. M., 
and also with the chapter and commandery 
of this city. In his political affiliation,-, lie 
is a DeniLicrat, earnest and unfaltering in 
his advocacy of the principles of the party. 
For several vears he was a member of the 

board of I'nited States pension exann'ners 
and for four years was a member of the 
board of trustees of the asylum at Athens. 
He is a gentleman of broad, culture, of 
genial disposition, and has a deep interest 
in his fellow men. \\"hatever tends to pro- 
mote the interests of his profession and 
place before man the key to the mystery of 
that complex problem which we call life at 
once attracts the interest, and co-operation 
of Dr. Boerstler. Fie is an extremely busy 
and successful practiti'^ner. He is a man 
of the highest and purest character, an in- 
dustrious and ambitious student, and a 
gifted teacher of surgery. Genial in dis- 
position, unolitrusive and unassuming, he 
is patient under adverse criticism, and in 
his expressions concerning brother practi- 
tioners is friendlv and indulgent. 


The name of Sanuiel S. \\'eist is indel- 
ibly engraved upon the pages of the history 
of Raltimore, Ohio, where he has ser\ed as 
mayor for eighteen years, while for a 1( ng 
period he was actively associated with its 
business in.terests and along all lines of 
progres.- he has borne his part. Pie is pop- 
ular and hitnored and is respected by all 
who kni.w him l)y reasoii of his 
worth of character and value as a 

and comes of a family of German lineage. 
The ancestry can be traced back to Jacob 
Weist, his great-great-grandfather, who 
was born in Germany and came to America 
ni 1 75 1, taking up his abodie in riiiladel- 
phia, but the follmving year settled un a 
farm in Lancaster count}', I'ennsyKania. 
In 175:? he paid the passage (f a young 

enuine German girl who came tr> this country i 
nti/.en. a sailing \"e,ssel and later he made her h 

Mr. We'.-t was b:,rn SeiUeml; 


Thev had two 

dren and became 


';iaw ^ •,i rM\c: 


tlic founders of the ^^■cist family in Amer- 
ica. C!n-it.tian \\\i>i. llie srea't-jirandfa- 
ther of our snlijcct, was a I'tcvolutiunary 
soldier who served with tlic rank of cap- 
tain, and the sword which he carried dm-ing 
the war for indeiicndeuce is now a cher- 
ished heirloom in the possession of our suh- 
ject. He passed his entire life in. Lann 
caster county, Pennsylvania, w here he mar- 
ried Catherine Goskley, and they liad six- 
children. One of this family. Jacob W'ei^t, 
became the grandfather of uur subject. He 
was a soldier in the war of ]8iJ, serving- as 
a private. In 1820 he came to Fairfield 
county, Ohio, accompanied by his wife. 
Catherine Hostler, and in 1S21 .settled in 
the eastern part of Gi-een.field township, 
where- he li\'ed for nv re than a half cen- 
tury, passing- away up.m the old homestead 
there in iSj2 at tlie \ ery advanced age of 
eighty-nine years, his i-emains being in- 
terred near his old farm. Vie was the fa- 
ther of eleven children, ten of whom reached 
years of maturity, were married and had 
large families. 

Benjamin Weist. the father if nw sub- 
ject, was the second in order ( f birth. He 
first opened his eyes to the light of day .April 
28. 1S08, in Lancaster. Penns\lvan:a. and 
was a ycuth of twelve years when brought 
to Fairfield county. .Ohio, liy his parents. 
He was reared upon the' liome farn' and ac- 
quired a limited education, having little i.-p- 
pi'rtunity t(-> attend schoul, fir his ser\ i.-es 
were needed, in the work of the fields. 
^^'hile yet a bo\ he also began th.e 
carpenter's trade, which he followed untd 
1S50. when he purchased a part of h's fa- 
ther's farm, upc.n which he lived until his 

death. In 1830 he was united in marrige 
to Ivlizabelh I'.owser and unto them were 
born, eight children: .^anniel S. : Jeremiah, 
who died in 1S50; Mary, wife of Dr. B. 
K. Thomen, a resident of Baltim(,-re. Ohio: 
Benjamin and Jefferson, who have pah?ed 
away; Caroline, wJio became the wife of 
Daniel Fisher, but is now deceased, while 
her husband died in the army when serving 
as a member of Comijany I, Seventeenth 
(.Miio \''olunteer Infantry, in the Civil war; 
Sarah P., deceased wife of Philip Hatter; 
Elizabeth, wife of M. 2\l. Benjamin, a resi- 
dent of Baltimore, Ohio; and Priscilla. wife 
of Charles Hedg'es, of Delaware. Oiiio. The 
father of tliis family died on the Jist of 
Januai-y, 1893, and his wife ])assed away 
March 25, 18S0, at the age of >ixty-n:ne 
years, their remains being interred in L'>eiliel 
cemetery, Greenfield townsh.ip. Sh.e was a 
daughter of Jacob Bowser, who came to 
this country from Germany in 1818 
settled on a farm in Greenfield ti wnsliip al- 
joining that of Air. Weist, where he lived 
until 1850. He died in that year while 1 n 
a visit to his son in Fi.>rt \\'ayne. Indiana. 
His wife, who bore the maiden name if 
Afary Snyder, passed away in [825. Air. 
and Airs. Weist were membei-s of the 
United Brethren church and took a very 
active jKirt in its w nrk. He served as cap- 
tain of a company in the state mil'tia and 
with his command was called out to salute 
the first canal 1> vit that flo.ated .^n the Ohio 
canal. He led a life of industry and s. me 
of the houses which he built in this county 
are still standing. 

Sanntel S. \\'eist of this review was born 
and reared unon his father's fai-m in Green- 



field to\viisliii>, wliere lie remained until Ik- 
was nineteen years of aye. In the iiiean- 
linic lie Iiad become cjn\ersant with the 
coninion brandies of ICr.gliih learning 
taught in the district sc!u>t'ils. The temple 
of learning in which lie was a ^tudeiu was 
a log building and methods of instruction 
were almost as prinviti\ e as the school Ivatse. 
At t!ie time he left home he began learning 
the carriage maker's trade, serving a two 
years' apprenticeship, after which he pi-.r- 
chased a shiij) in Greenlield township, con- 
ducting it until iSbj. The countr}- was th;ii 
invclve<l in civil war. The queston of 
slavery in the south had brought ab'jut a 
desire for secession in some of the iouthern 
states and the Union needed the aid of its 
loyal sous to preserve the country intact. 
Accordingly in January. 1S63. ]\Ir. W'eist 
put aside his business cares and joined Com- 
pany T. Seventeenth Ohio Volunteer Infan- 
try. He participated in all the engagements 
with his regiment until the fall of Atlanta, 
when ho was detailed and served at the 
headiquarters of General Thomas, there 
continuing until the clo.-e of the war. For 
three months he was daily under fire and 
took part in some very important and 
sanguine engagements, but at length was 
honorably discharged at Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, on the i6th of July. 1865. Return- 
ing to his home he resuu-ied carriasre mak- 
ing in the spring of 1S63 in Ba'timore, 
Ohio, and f>>Ilowed that business c ntinu- 
ouslv until 1S95. when on account of his 
health he retired fr^un bus:ne-s cares. JTe 
bad received a liljcral patronage < n acrou't 

of his excellent workman.diii> and the dur- 
abilit\- (if the products which he turned out. 
and as the years passed bis financial re- 
sources were therein increased. 

On ihe 15th of December, 1859, ^Mr. 
W'eist was united in marriage to Miss Re- 
becca A. Brandt, a native of Gretnfield 
township, Fairtield county, and a daughter 
of Adam an<l Relx-cca (Ouipcr) Brandt. 
The tirst rei)rescntati\e of the Brandt fam- 
ily in America was Ludwig I'.randt, who 
crossed the Atlantic from hi? native coutitry 
— Germany — in the year 1745 and took up 
li'is abode in Pennsylvania. The tirst of 
the name to seek a home in FaiiTicld cjunty 
was also named Ludwig. and the year iSoo 
witne.-sed his arri-val in Greenlield town- 
ship. He was the great-grandfather of 
Mrs. Weist. The family has a record for 
patriotism and devotinn tit the old flag lA 
which its members have every reason to be 
proud. Its history in this direction is cer- 
tainly remarkable. In the war of the Revo- 
luticMi two brothers of the name joined the 
army, ser\iMg under General Washington. 
In the war of iSu a of the name 
sen,-ed under Ceiierals Harrison and Wayne, 
and in the third generation \ve find meni- 
,bers of tlie family with Generals Tay- 
lor and Scott in the war with ]Me.Kico in 
1S46. From ten different northern states 
■e-resentatives of the family went to join 
t'^e Federal army and to. k part in a large 
"ndier of the most important battles of 
■ the long conflict. Again we find soldiers 

the name rf Branrlt defending the stars 
-■nd .^tripes in the Spanish-American war, 


so that in every itnjx.'rtant war in the liistory 
of the country tlie family lias been repre- 
sented l>y loyal incn, who have rendered aid to the nation. In the Civil war 
six brotliers of the name of Brandt and three 
of their brothers-in-law went from Fairfield 
county li.> the scat of war. The mother 
of Mrs. W'eist bore the maiden name of 
Rebecca .\nn (7ooi;er. Her father was a 
slave owner in an early day. but b,elicving 
that such a policy was wrong he emar.cipated 
his slaves and on this account so aroused 
the ire of his neighbors in Virginia that he 
was obliged to lea\e that state and accord- 
ingly with his family he came to Lancaster, 
Ohio, in i(So6. Here he followed his trade, 
th;it of harness making. Adam Brandt and 
his wife, th.c parents of Mrs. W'eist, liad 
seventeen children, and six sons, as before 
stated, were loyal defenders of the Union 
cau-e in the Ci\il war, including Captain 
Brandt, of Carroll, Ohio, whose .sketch ap- 
pears elsewhere in this work. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. W'eist have been 
born two children : F.ldon Orlando, born 
April lo, 1S62. married iMiss Loretta Lit- 
tlejohn and is living in Baltimore. Oliio, 
where he is editor of the Twin City Xews. 
a paper of that place. Ara E. is the wife of 
I\ev. Walter Kling, a Presbyterian m'nister 
now 1i\-ing in Canton. Ohio. They have 
one child, Ruth Bauline. 

Mr. and Mrs. W'eist hold membership 
in the ^.Fethodist Episcopal church, of which 
they are leading and active workers, and he 
take^ a \ery active pact in temiicrance work 
and while mayi.r of the city allnvs n<) sa- 
loons or liquor sold here. In 1893 he was 

cen.sus enumerator. In iS.'^i he was elected 
may.,r of Baltim..rc and ha^ held the office 
alldgcthcr f(<r ciglueen years, filling the posi- 
tion at the iircscnt time. It is a record al- 
most unparalleled in the iiistory of the coun- 
try and certainly no higher testimonial of 
his cajiability in office and his faithful dis- 
charge of duties could be given than the 
fact that he has so long been retained as 
the chief oxcutivc of the city. He is a char- 
ter member of Cupi) l^ost, Xo. 263. (l. A. 
R. ; acted as its first commaniler and after- 
ward served as adjutant until January, looj, 
when he again liecame commander. He 
has three times served upon the staff > \ the 
state department commander. His wife is 
a leading and active member f'i the Wo- 
man's Relief Corps, in which ^he i.- serv- 
ing as the president. In i8'"i('i 'Wx. Weist 
became a member of the In,lepen<l(.-nt Order 
of Odd Fellows, in which he h-y-^ filled all 
the offices of the local Irxlge and has also 
been district ileputy i<'v several terms. He 
has served as recording steward in his 
church f(ir the past ten years, has been a 
member of the school board for sixteen 
years and was serving in that cajiacily at 
the time the new scli'-o! house was erected. 
Such in brief is the history of Samuel S. 
W'eist. The record is one over which there 
falls no shadow of wron,g or suspicion of 
evil. Reliable in business, kindly and genial 
by nature, faithful in citizenshiji and trust- 
worthy in friendship, it would be difficult 
to find one who is more w id.ely or fa\orably 
known in this portion of the stale than Sam- 
nd S. W'eist. 




Oae of the distinguished citizens of I'^air- 
field county is the Hon. George \V. Lnnib, 
of Hooker, ,\vho has been called to aid in 
enacting the legislation of the state and w ho 
as a mercliant has shown the pos^^ibilities 
of accomplishment whicli lie before the 
yt)ung men of the nation. Everywhere in 
our land are found men who have worked 
their own wa)- from hiuiible beginnings to 
leadership in the commerce, the great pro- 
ductive industries, the management of fi- 
nancial affairs, and in controlling the veins 
and arteries of the traffic and exchanges of 
our country. It is one of the glories of our 
nation. tliat it is so. It should be the strong- 
est incentive and encom-agement to the 
}-outh of the country that it is so. 

Prominent among the self-made men of 
Fairfield county is the subject of this sketch 
— a man honored and respected where\-er he 
is known, and most of all where he is best 
known. He was b< -rn in Bloom township, 
this county, December 24. 1S45, and is a 
representative of a pioneer family here. His 
grandfather, Philip Laml>. was one of five 
brothers who came to this county about 
1780. and he located in Bloom township, 
while the others settled in Pleasant town- 
ship. x\ll built log cabins, and cleared and 
developed farms in the midst of the forest. 
-They were of German descent and mani- 
fested many of the sterling characteristics 
of the people of the fatherland. The grand- 
father of our subject was a native of Penn- 
sylvania, while Peter Lamb, the father of 
'•ur subject*, was born at the old home farm 

in Blixun township, an<l there spent his en- 
tire life, devoting his time and energies 
to agricultural pvu-suits. He was a Demo- 
crat in his political views, never failing to 
vote for the men and measures of the party. 
His death occurred when he was in his 
eigiity-sixth year. His wife, ^^Irs. Cather- 
ine (Lane) I_-amb, was a daughter of James 
Lane, who was of Welsh lineage and re- 
moved from the Keystone state to Fairfield 
county at an early epoch in its history. Mrs. 
Lamb was horn in Amanda township, this 
county, and lived to the advanced age of 
eighty-eight years. By her marriage she be- 
came the mother of eight children, five sons 
and three daughters, all of whom reached 
adult age. while all are yet living with the 
exception of one brother, William. 

George W. Lamb is the fourth child 
and third son. He was reared c>n the old 
home farm, where he remained until eight- 
een years of age, assisting in the work of 
plowing, planting and han-esting until the 
lalKtrs of the field were over, and then spend- 
ing the winter months in the acciuirement of 
an education in the district schools. He 
later went to the Fairfield Union Academy, 
where he spent two years. Subsequently 
he engaged in teaching sclnxil for a number 
of years and was elected principal of the 
Carroll school, filling that position for four 
years. On the expiration of that period he 
tumed his attention to merchandising in 
Carroll, and after two years removed to 
Hooker, where he has since engaged in 
grain dealing and general merchandising. 



covering a period of twenty-two years. He 
is the oldest merchant in the in years 
of continniins crinnccti..n with. c'>nnnercial 
pursuits, and the years Iiavc witnessed a 
successful career for his enterprise, sound 
business judgment and dihf;-ence ha\ c 
brought to him prosperii)-. 

Mr. Lainh has been twice married. He 
first wedded Carrie Urown. in August, 1871. 
She died leaving two children — Kdward 
Wort and Odessa, the Litter the wife of 
James Brandt, a son of Captain O. B. 
Braiidt, of Carroll, a sketch of wh..m will 
hie found elsewhere in rmr wirirk. For his 
second wife ^Ir. L.aml> clmse Carrie Peters. 
a daughter of Silas and Anna Peters. She 
was born in Greenfield townshi]). Fairfield 
county, and is now the mother of three chil- 
dren : Leona. Catherine and Alberta, all of 
whom are at home. 

In political affairs ]Mr. Lamlj takes an 
active part and is ari unfaltering ad\-ocate 
•of the Democracv. Elected to the office of 

treasurer of Greenfield townshi)). he was 
continued in that jKjsilion by re-ele.;tiun for 
\'wz consecnti\e terms, and in iSj-'-^ lie 
was chosen to represent liis district in the 
-State legislature. In i8«>i. he was elected 
ti> the state senate and served so capably 
and with such loyiil regard to the bc-t in- 
terests of his constituents that lie was re- 
e'ected in 1896. He has l>een ])o>tniavter 
and has also been railroad station agent 
at Hooker for abwitt si.^; _\ears. Fra- 
ternally he is connected with the [Ma- 
sonic fraternity, belMUging to Xapthalia 
Lodge, No. 2(^2, F. & A. M.. of Car- 
roll, and to the chapter of Lancaster. 
He is widely known as one ot the lead- 
ing business men of the count)', iiie ex- 
tent and scope of his grain trade and. mer- 
cantile interests indicatir^g his marked abil- 
ity, enterprise and unfaltering resolution. 
In ciiizetiship he is loyal and progressive 
and his life record well deserves a place on 
the pages of the histnry nf hi? nali\e county. 


Jacob K. Beck owns and operates one 
hundred and twenty-five acres of land in 
Fairfield county and is an energetic and 
progressive fanner, whuse methods are in 
keeping with the most advanced thoughts 
and ideas concerning agriculture. He was 
born in the city of Lancaster, June 28. 1834. 
ills parents being Jacob and Susan (Kerns) 
Beck. The father was a native of Baden 
Baden. Germanv. and came to tiie United 

States when about eight years of age with 
his parents, Jacob and Anna Beck. Both 
of the grandparents were nati\es of Ger- 
man}- and it was abnut 1805 that the_\ bade 
adieu to the fatherland and sailer 1 f.>r the 
new world. .-Vfter landing uix^n tlie .Ameri- 
can coast they made their way ilirect to 
Ohio, settling in Lancaster. The grandfa- 
ther was a blacksmith and followeil that 
business in the ci^unt\- seat 01 Fairfield 


cotiiity tlirongliont tlie remainder of his 
life, hi.-^ exiHTt workmanship, and rt-Hahility 
in trade -winning- fur him a comfurtalile 
competence. lie died wlien abont sixty-five 
years of age. In their family were fonr 
children. two n.mis and two danghters, bnt 
all arc now deceased. 

Jacob P.eck, Jr., the father of o-jr sub- 
ject, was educated in Lancaster and under 
liis father" .s direction learned tlie black- 
smith's trade, which he followed for a num- 
ber of years. He was also pr. minent in 
public affairs and his fellow towns'men. 
recognizing- his worth and ability, called 
him to public office. He presided as county 
treasurer from 1S30 until 1836. and was 
a. faithful cn.'-todian of the public exchequer. 
The trust reposed in him was never betrayed 
in the slightest degree and his word was a 
synonym of integrit}-. lie was held in the 
liighest esteem l)y his fellow men and often 
was called by them to settle estates, nnd was 
frequently appointed administrator or ex- 
ecutor by th.e courts of the county, his hon- 
esty beirig- proverbial. 0\-er the record of 
his public career as well as his private life 
falls no shadow of wrong or suspicion of 
evil. About 1836 he removed from tlie citv 
of Lancaster, taking up his abode upon a 
fann which he purchased in Hocking town- 
ship, comprising three hundred acres of 
land. This he improved, making it his 
home until his death. His attention was 
devoted to the raising of cereals best adapt- 
ed to thi< climate and also to the raising 
of stock, and in both branches of his busi- 
ness he met with creditable success, whidi 
he well deserved. It was on the 3d of De- 
ceml>er. 1898, that his life's labors were 

ended in death, at tlie, age of ninet\-four 
}ears, five months and eight da\s. He was 
a member of the Evangelical Lutheran 
church and for many years was one of its 
ofricers. His political ,-upp-irt was given 
the Keimblican party, but lie never sought 
or desired office, although he hlled -^ome p.> 
sitions. His wife passcil away about eight 
years previous t.> the death of her husband. 
Slic was born in Pennsylvania and was also 
a member of the Lutheran church. li\-ing an 
earnest. Christian life, characterized bv 
many acts' of kindne>s. This worthy 
couple became the parents of five sons and 
thiee daughters, six of whrm arc yet liv- 
ing, namely: Mary Ann, wife of Z. I'eiers, 
of Hocking ti^wn-^hi]); (jeorge ^^'.. who mar- 
I'ied .Sarah McClarry and also resides in 
Hocking township: Jacob, our subject: 
H. S., who married Julia \\"ilson. now dcr 
ceased, and is engaged in the banking busi- 
ness in Pierce, Nebraska ; Rev. J. Peck, of 
Richmond. Indiana, who married l^y.rit 
Ziegler. of Columbus. Ohio; and Dr. J. S., 
of Dayton, Ohio, who married Sally ^\^ .-rk, 
of Lancaster. Those deceased are Eliza- 
beth, who died in infancy; and Clara Jane, 
who married William J. Hughes and died 
February 5, 1894. at the age of tliirty-eight 

Our subject was only two years of age 
-when iiis parents removed to the farm, but 
he acquired his education in the schools of 
Lancaster. He was earl\- inured to the 
wr>rk of cultivating and impri>\ing- the 
fields, and through the summer months 
largely assisted in the raising of the crops. 
After his marriage he continued to live upon 
the home farm for a short time and then 



removed tu the tann wliicli his father had 
given hill!, lie iiuw owns aiul operates one 
hundred and tuentv-five acrei of land. 
It is a model property for he has made niany 
improvements upon it, lias modern ma- 
chinery and all the equii>mcnts nece sarv to 
facilitate the work. Diligence and enter- 
prise are numbered among his character- 
istics and have Ijeen the foundation of his 

Mr. Beck was united in nnTiage in De- 
cember, 1859, to :Mary E. Wolf, a native 
of Fairfield county, and they became the par- 
en.ts of three children, but their first born, 
Carrie, died at the age of or.e year. Estella 
May is the wife of C. M. Cnmiley, an in- 
surance agent of Lancaster, Ohio; and Alice 
May is the wife of ^^^ L. Kiger. of Bluff- 
ton, Indiana. Her husband is a hardware 
merchant there, and they have orie living 
son, Bruce. Tlie mother of this family was 
called to her final rest in 1874 at the age of 
thirty-two years, dying upon the old home 
place. She was tlevcted to Iier family, do 
ing everything in her power to enhance the 
happiness and comfort of her husband and 
children. For his second wife Mr. Beck 
cliose Ruth Alice Shellenbarger, and their 
marriage was celebrated on the 23d of 
Alarch, 1S76. The lady is the daughter of 
Reuben Shellenbarger, a native of Fair- 
field county, bcrrn in Berne township. He, 

trx>, was a farmer by occupation and fol- 
lowed that inirsuit throughout his entire 

ife, h 

occurrnig about twenty-tour 

years ago upon his home farm in Berne 
township. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Christiana Pearce, was born in 
Rhode Island and her death occurred in 
1861. By her marriage she became the 
mother of six children, live of whom are 
yet living, namely: Mrs. Ruth Beck; Mary 
A., the wife c.f Robert Pierce, of Lancaster: 
Christiana, the wife of John McClain, of 
Pleasant township; Delia, deceased wife of 
Myron. Prindle; James, who resides with 
his sister, }.lrs. Beck; and, who died 
in infancy. 

Mr. Beck exercises his right of fran- 
chise in support of the men and measures 
of the Republican party, and also belongs 
to the Lutheran church, in which he has 
served as trustee for eight _\ ears. He takes 
a deep and abiding interest in every move- 
ment and measure calculated to promote 
the material, intellectual, sc-cial and moral 
welfare of his community and his efforts in 
this regard have not been without effect. 
His entire life has been passed in the county 
of his nativity, and the fact that many who 
have known him from boyhood are nun;- 
bcred among his stanchest friends, is an in- 
dication that his career has ever been aji 
honorable and straightfonvard one. 












" '■■-*:, 









For more than tliirty yens llcnrvjj. 
Reese was in tlie cniijIcA- i-t the L;"'i\'eninient 
in the capacity uf iiaynia-ter ami over the 
record o\ his piil)lic career there fall^ ni> 
shadow of wrono- or su-piciim of c\'il. lie 
was ni' SI prompt, reliahle and faitiiful in 
tlie (hscliarge of his dntics and is a repre- 
scntrdive of a liigh type c<[ .\merican citi- 
zenship. He is now living retired in Lan- 
caster, enjoying a well merited re<t. He 
was horn in tliis city. April 21. 183J. and 
is a represer,tati\c of a jirLvminent family of 
I-'airfiekl comity. William j. Reese, his fa- 
ther.- was born in the city of Philadeliihia. 
Pennsylvania, on the 5th of August. 1804. 
and pursued his e.lucation in \\"ashiugton, 
D. C. where he continued his studies for 
several years. In Octr'her. 1S29. the Rev. 
John \\ right pcrfi.rmed the marriage cere- 
mony which united the destinies of William 
J. Reese and ^lary E. Sherman, a daugh- 
ter of Ji' ami throughout the 
period <>f their married life they resided in 
Lancaster, wliere ^^Ir. Reese had located in 
1827. In his political views he was a Re- 
jjuhlican and was a man of wide inilucnce. 
He posse-sed many sterling traits of char- 
acter and was held in high esteem for his 
genuine worth. A leader of public thought 
and opinion his influence was felt in behalf 
of pn.'gress and improvement. Lie attained 
to the advanced age of eighty years, pass- 
ing away in Lancaster in December.. 1883. 
His wife, surviving him f'^r several },ears, 
died .11 the 29th of August. 1000, in her 
eightv-eighth \ear. In tlieir familv were 

hve children: Henry B.. of this review; 
Rosanna. who is n-.w Mrs. lloyt, of Xew 
"^ory city: .M. .\J., the wife of josei,li S. 
Reber. ..f .^t. Louis. MIs-ouri ; ^[.ary II.. 
the wife of :\|. X. (, ranger, of Zanoville, 
Ohio: an! Julia L.. of Chicago. 

In the city of Lancaster Hem-v R. 
Reese .acfiuired his early educati'^n and -up- 
lilemented his jirimary training by stu.dy in 
the city of riiiladelphia. \t the end of 
that ]ieriod he went to ^vlanslield. Ohio, 
where he entered the law (-fticc of Jtidge 
T. W. li.artley a.s a student, though his 
studies were terminated in the office of 
Charles and John Sherman. He then 
returned to Lancaster and was united 
in ntarriage to Kllen Kirk, a d.aughter 
of William Kirk. ,.f Philadeli)hia. Taking 
up his ab'uJe in the cit_\ of hi.- birth 
he entered the employ oi the Hocking 
\"ailey I!ank, but at the outbreak of 
'the Civil war his patriotic spirit ^^■as 
arotised and he (ttered his services to 
his country and' became a member of the 
First Ohi':> Infantry and was elected cap- 
tain of "the cijmpany ami soon afterward 
wa- ajipdnted by President Linciln. major 
and iiaymaster tV)r the three months troops 
of Ohio. On the expirati' n of that period 
he was appointed paymaster of the ariny and 
ser\"ed in that capacity cijntinuously fom 
l8''ii until July 5, 188S. covering twenty- 
seven consecutive years. During that time 
milIio!is of dollars passed through his hands 
and e\erv cent was faithfully accounted for. 
He is a man of unquestioned honesty, wh'^se 


word \va> a> ^uod as any bond voienmized active in liis t-tTorts to promote its gruwth 

by sin-nature w seal, lie rcyards a public and success. lie re.-ides at ilie -Id b.mic 

otiice a-; a public trust and, no trust ever re- of bis father^ .,n Wbeelin-- street, and, is 

])osed in bini lias l)een betra.yed in the slight- one of the respected residents of^ 

^-'^ ^^-^Sy^^'- caster. .Mr. Kce<c i. u idely and iav,,rab!y 

'J'he marriage of iMr. and ]^Irs. Iveese known tlnvaighuut the state, his aljihties 

was blessed with five children, but they lost" well fitting him f<.r leadership in ]-.,liiicaI 

one in infancy. The others are William II., and swial life. The terms progress and 

Hattie E., :Mary E. and Helen C. The patrii^tism nu'ght be c. nsidererl the kcvnote 

family has ever occupied a leading and en- of his character, for thnaighout his career 

viable place in social circles, where true he has lalmicd fi>r the im[)rovement of everv 

v.'orth and intelligence are received as the line of business i r iiublic iiuerest with 

passports in good society. In his fraternal which he has been associated, and. at all 

relations Mr. Reese is a Knight Templar times has been actuated bv a lidelitv to his 

and in politics is a pron.ounced Republican, ciamtrv and her welfare. 
iinswcr\ ing in liis fidelity to the party and 


Pre>ton W. Lupher is tlie vice-president thereafter lie was emiilo_\'ed at 

and general manager if the Logan Natural various kinds of labor. In 1865, when the 

Gas & Fuel C'-mpany of Lancaster, Ohio, work of developing the oil fields oi Penn- 

A native of \'enango cnmty, Pennsylvania, sylvania was begun, he made his way to 

he was b._.rn in the year 1857. His father, that locality, where he was employed for a 

W'eslev Lupher, was al>o a native oi the time, lie afterward b.egan business on his 

Kevstone state and died when his son Pres- own acciatnt in the oil regions in connection 

ton was about three vears old. The mother, with other pa.rties. In 1S75 he Itecame in- 

-\Irs. Margaret Lupher, was also a native of terested in a store there and later was km-wn 

Pennsylvania and uixjii "the death of her as an r,'A producer, being interested in well> 

husband was left in nvid.erate circum^tance5 in Clarion county. Pennsyhania. 

with the care of a little family. The sub- In the >ear 1878. Mr. Lupher removed 

ject ..f this review began his education in t<. I!radford. Pennsyisania. and in connec- 

the coir.m. .11 scho, Is. where he remained un- tion with his brother. C. A. Lupher. uiuler 

til hi> thirteenth year and then started r.ut the firm style of Lupher Brothers. . perated 

To make his own way in the worhl. For in the oil regiems in that h/cality unti' 1883, 



when lie disp.isc.l of his interest- ami wein 
to X^.Tth Dakota. There h.e purchased a 
tract ot land aui.l cnpased in wheat raisint; 
for six _\cars. on the expiration of wliich 
time he returned t.j t'.ie slate ot hii> nativity, 
estaljhshitig liis hi>me in I'ittshin'g. \\here 
he engaged in dealing- in and har.dhn^c pc- 
trtrleuin. The year 1898 witnessed his ar- 
rival in Lancaster, where he lias since ni.'ide 
his home. Here he liecamc assc'cia.ted with 
the Logan Natural Gas &■ ]"ucl Company 
and superintends it^ husiness. having con- 
trol of its interests in sixteen towns and 
citie-. Later he hecanic \ice-presid>c;";t anil 
general manager and has since occupied the 
p^-sition. Avith headquarters in Lancaster. 
Lew men are hetler qualified to disch.arg? 
the duties of the oftlce. for throughciit al- 
most his entire lite Mr. Lupher ha; been con- 
nected with the husiness of developing oil 

wcMls and operatir.g in this line of lousiness 
activity, lie has so directed his ahility and 
e!t. rts as t.' gain recognition as one i-.i Iho 
rc])resentati\e citizens of LancaNter. }lis 
life has heeii one ^f mitii-ing activity and 
has been crowned with a creditable degree, 
of success. 

In iS8j Mr. Lupher was united in mar- 
riage to l"lora L Remer. and as a result of 
the union one chihh iMortoii S., was horn. 
Tie resides with his father and is attending 
scliool. ScHTially ^Ir. Lupher is a promi- 
nent Alas'^n. ha\ing taken the degrees of the 
li'dge. ch.aptcr and ci.;mniandery. an<I also 
of the Mystic Shrine, being identified with 
a': these 1 orlies in Pittsburg, Penn?\-lvaiiia. 
in his life he exemplifies the beneficent spirit 
of the fraternit)' and is known as a valued 
member of the craft. 


When the arrival of the white man led 
to the making of history in Ohio, but when 
the greater part of the state was still unim- 
proved and progress and development was 
yet a thing of the future, the Cofman fam- 
ilv was estalilished in Fairfield cnnity. The 
first of the name of wdimn we have record 
was Uavid Ci>fman. who lived and died in 
\'irginia. His son John was the great- 
grandfatlier of our subject. He became a 

resident of Lancaster in 1809. There he 
followed the carpenter's trade, but in 181 1 
he removed to Bloom township and was one 
of the most prominent and influential men 
I'f that early day. being the advisor of the 
entire neighbi>rhood. He was a hard-work- 
ing, energetic man, possessed sound com- 
mon sense, was reliable in all life's relations 
and trustworth}- in friendship. In early lil'e 
he had been a slave owner in Virginia, btit 



lo.l 1 

lis b'jntlsini-n ;i 

ind canii 

J to 



1 li'ic 

at suj)i 

).,rt was 

given to 

i the 





1 Co I'm 

an. th.f ! 



if >'UX 


:t. w 

as the 

onlv so, 

! of Joh 

n Co 


;in.l li 

c. t:.' 

o. wa.-- 


d uith t 

he iii 

. .neer 



nt of 

Fail held 


lie was 


ill I< 


ham emi 

Illy. \-ii 


i. and 

in J 8 

rx, 1 


a re>idi 

L-nt of 





■ learnt: 

-d the ca 


. ii-ad 

,e and 

in con 


ion wit 

h his hni 

Minj;- interest 

r. alsr, 


(I on a^ric 

uhura! ] 



■ hke- 



in slIu 

M,l an.d 

late:- w;i 

IS en: 


in t!.( 

: !u 

r.^ery I 



a h 

oy he 

had 1; 



out tr> a 

. man In 



and died in r^^I^. ha^in-' spci^t the i^.reater 
part of Id... life in i'.lo,,ni township. In his 
hoylio,,! he had lieiii honnd ont l'< a man 
by the name of Lanea-ier. Fli^ father e^tab- 
hslied the tirst nursery hii>inc-is in central 
Ohi,). ne.c;-innin<4- o.j-.crniion-; ah'ait; that line 
in i.S.p], lie carried on the iun---ery busi- 
ness until iSt^ and wa^ then sueeeeiled by 
Benjamin Cofnian. a half brother of I lenry 
Cofman, uho. however, had l^een practically 
the manapjer since 1S04. At the aj;e of sev- 
enteen years Bcnjaniin i'l fman e:ili>ted on 
the J5ith of Aus^iist, i.Si.i, for a three years' 
service iit the Ci\il war, becomin.q' a niemljer 
of Com];any A. l"ir>l 01ii._> Infantry. He 
of Carpenter and under his direction had particijiated in many imp rtant battle:- and 
learned the carpenter's trade. He was verv at the expiration of his term of service re- 
encrtj-etic and. industrious and his knowledge ceive.l an Ivnorahlc discharge, on the 15th 
■of tile building- industry enabled hira t.:> '>i August. 18(14, at Chattanooga^ 'J'ennes- 
bring talents to advantage on hi.■^ own see. Although he was in so many engage- 
account and keep everahaig about the iv.ents he was never wounded an<l always 
place in excellent condition. He to > voted escaped capttire. He then took up the nurs- 
the Whig ticket. In early manhiod he ery laisiness in c wdth his father, 
wedded Mary Allen, who died in 1N41 at continuir..^ it until the fall 01 1874. when 
the age of ihirtv-two vears. Seven chil- he purchased a farm and for some years 
dren were born unto them, but Henry Cof- was identified with agricuhural pursuits in 
man. the father of our sujd)ect, is the only Bio ni township. He was a member of the 
one now living. Samuel Cofman was com- Grand Army of the Repubhc ;md of the 
missioned second lieutenant in the :Me.\i- Methodist T-p'sc pal church. He wa^ niar- 
can war an-l was an e.xeellent military oth- ried December ,y. 18O0. to Rebecca H. 
cer. He was identihe.l wdth the Methodist HoKlernian. ft Fairlleld county, and to them! church on the circuit of L'X-k- -'.ere Ij am thi-ee children: Arthv.r A., 
viUe. JeffersL.n and Rock -Mill, and after- Ralph W. and Zadi Dee Blanche, 
ward became a member of the Metli. dist llenry Cofman. the fatiier of our sub.- 

Episcopa! church at Carroll. In politics he ject. wa~ horn in JetYerson. BKhui t. wn- 
ti3ok quite an acti\e part as a suiiprTter r,f ship. i;i iS_^j, and for many years was id?n- 
the Repu'dican party and Avas elected as titled with ir.erchandising. carrying on l-;si- 
township trustee for several years and as iiess in Carroll fr.MU i8r„, until 1884. dur- 
justice of the peace. He was b rn in 1811 in.g which time he enj. yed a very e-\ic;;.-ive 

patri>nage. (^ 

In ret'rii 

]- from . 



pursuits lie t. . 

••k up h.i- 

; ah.sle in 


■m. Ids 

present fan:: 

in 15!. ">n 

1 townshii: 

) ad 


the !i<mc cf < 

ur suhjc 

■ct. He w 


on the Jd of ; 

\i',-u>t. T 

S57. to M 

i~i ? 

aarv J. 

I.anil;. B.itli 

were n; 

ilive> of t 



and llie marri; 

;ioe was 1 

lere celehr; 

a ted 

. The>- 

became the p: 

irents <>i 

nine child 


, six of 

wliom arc }.-et 





r., GeiTg''?- J 

i.hii. Ka 

te and Ci 


Th. se 

wlii:. lia\'e p; 

:isscd a\' 

,-ay are a 


Laura, t'.ie ui 

fc uf J. ! 

m C. FelU 

^>vs : 

: X. ah : 

and Rachel. 

yw. Ccuw 

an attc:-;< 

led the pu 



and was reared "upc n 

tiie h. me 


1 ox his 

father in 111' 

»>ni ii'U 

n<hip. It 


s there 

that his hirrli 


I on the 19th 

of Oc- 


was a leading farmer of this county. The 
family is i.>f ( dcrman ile-cer.t and Mr. Zaayer 
po>sesses many i-f th.e sterlins; cluiracter- 
i.-tio of his ( lerman ancestry. He is still 
Yw'w^ in T;!i->: ill township, at the advanced 
aue 1 a' se\'c;Uy-eii;iit years. His wife died 
at the ago of se\entv years. l"nti' Mr. and 
Mr.s. Cofman ha\e been bi rn seven chil- 
dren: lOora ]■.. Xellie 15., Frank M.. 
Mary 1.. Clara S. and Rnthie l"ay. alt (■\ 
whom are at home, anl Helen M.. whi! died 
at the age of one year and six months. Oc- 
toi;er 16. 1900. 

Mr. G.fman located upon his present 
farm in the sjiring of 1887. Here he has 
une hundred anil eic^hteen acres of good 
land, upon which is a new residence, also 
tober. iSh2. .Vt tlie usual age he entercil barns and substantial outbuildings. He has 
schiKil. contir.uiug his studies until he had placed three hundred and fifty n ds of tiling; 
g-ained a gond knowledge of the bran.ches on his land and planted an orch.ard contain- 
oi F.nglish learning, and upon his father's ing live hundred fruit trees. Everything 
farm he received ample training in the work ab'".ul the place is neat ami thrifty in appear- 
of held aii.l u-i.ead^.w. this ho^wcver. equip- ance. indicating the careful supervision of 
ping him for the dutie:- . f farm life. On the owner. He i^ n.iost energetic and pro- 
gressive in his work, is thoroughly familiar 
with the most modern methods of farming 
and is quick to luilize any new idea advanced 
Zaayer, of Blr«:.m townsliip. Her fatlier that will pro\-e of practical \alue. 


Germany has furnished tr> the Inited pngressive methods, livelier comijetitioa and 

States manv bright, eateri.rising y.ung men a.l\ ancement m-rre quickly secured. .-Vmcng 

who ha\e left tiie fatherland t<> enter tbo the number is \'alentine Hrjoker. He has 

business circles of this cuntrx with its m: -re s.-n-.ewhat oi the strong, rugged and perse- 

the 2y\ of March. 

18S4. Mr. Cofman was 

united in marriag 

tM Mis. Chloe M. 

Zaayer. a daughter 

of William ar,d Isabella 

.rt3>100ii }il^i 



vcriiiij characteristics dcNcl'iped 1 y lii^ 
earlier envin,'iinieiUs. whicli. cuiqileil with 
tlie livelier impulse^ >A the TeuUiiiic hbin! 
(if his ancestors, made hini at an early d-y 
seek wider tield in w liicli tn give full scope 
to his anibitiiin and' in<iustry — his d^.>mina!'t 
qr.alities. lie l>jund the i.ppvrtunities he 
sought in the freedom and ap-preciation of 
tills country. Thougli V.i rn r.cross the water 
he is th<:-n 'Uglily American in ih'Aight. and 
feeling, aial i- p.atrii tic and sincere in his 
love for the stars and stiipes. His career 
is identified Mith tlie histi ry of I'airlield 
toiuity, where he has acquired a competence 
and where he is an honored and respected 

Mr. IT<n;>k-er is a native of Baden. Ger- 
many, his birth ha\ nig ( ccu.rred near Heid- 
elberg on tlic iNth of neceni:ier. 184J. His 
parents were (ierrge and -\nna Mary 
(Zenrick) Ho, ker. The t'ather was also 
a native of the locality in which o-ur 
subject ^vas burn and lor many years 
engaged in business as a brewer and dis- 
tiller, spending his entire life in his na- 
tive country. In the family were six 
children, of whom live are yet living, and 
all of this numlier came to America with 
the exception of one — Catherine, who re- 
sides in Germany. Elizal.eth is the widi:>w 
of John \\'. Bans. " Charles is a resident ■,f 
Lancaster. Christina is the wife of Phihp 
Muler, of Xew "i'o-rk city. George, whi;> was 
a resident of Lancaster, died in 1895. 

In accordance with the laws <'if the fa- 
therland. A'alentine ?L;(iker attended tiie 
public schiwils. iuid on putting aside his text- 
hooks, he was apprenticed to learn the trade 
of a st(Mie cutter. Hearing' favi ralde re- 

jioits o\ the business ojip-jrtunities oi the 
b'mtcil .State.-, he .Icternimed to, .seek a honx- 
beyond ihe .\tlantic ami after arriving in 
Xew York city inaile hi> way direct to Lan- 
caster. Oliio. n-nvQ he engaged in stone cut- 
ting, in building and contracting, working 
mostly iu free stone. Lie lias constructed 
many of the foundation^ of .the business 
blocks, dwellings, churches and factories of 
Lancaster and his efticiency in the line of 
his chosen vrjcation secures to him a iiiieral 
patronage. He continued an acti\e 
in that department of industry until 1S84 
when he was appointctl superintendent of 
the Forest Rose cemetery and was n\-nie 
secretary of the board, \vhich respoir-ible 
position he still tills. His efficient service 
has ieen the means of continuing him in 
in^l,-e througli the \ariou-, adininistraiirms. 
The compauv has proviiled him with a com- 
fortable and well equipped ';ftice in which 
he transacts his business. Me has nuule the 
city of the deail most beautiful, its appear- 
p.nce indicating his care and close atte;Ui'ni. 
Li 1S65 Mr. HiMiker was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Xettie J. Murray, of Lancas- 
ter, a daughter in" Gorge W. and ^farv 
IMurray. Mrs. Hooker ami her parents 
were nati\es of Fairlield county, her grand- 
parents having remo\ ed to Ohio from Xew 
York. The marriage of our sul>ject and his 
wife has been bdessed witli three children: 
Xettie C. Katie F... who is the wife o' 
Mari, n Hankisi'ii. nf Lancaster, and has 
tl.ree children; Xettie C William J. and 
?\Iargaret: and William M.. who is a car- 
penter in the buililing business in Lancaster. 
Mr. Ho ker and his family arc worthy ( f St. Peter's L\angelical churclu 



tiikin- very active an<l baieficial intciest in pcrtimitics he snuylu, ,vhicli. I.v tlie way, 

it< \\»rk. For a quarter of a century Mr. are always open to t!ic anihitiMi-,... eneroetie 

}l<X)ker has Ijeen superintendent of the Sun- nian, and making- the best of tlie.e he has 

day sclio..l and he is fraternally connected steadily vrorkcd his way upward. He pos- 

with ;Mount Pleasant Lodge, No, -|S, K. scsses the resolution, perseverane and relia- 

of P. The hope that led him to leave his bility so characteristic of the people of his 

native land and seek a home in America ha? nation, and his name is now enrolled anmni^ 

keen more than reali/.ed. He foinid the oi>- the hest citi;?en3 of Fairlicld countv. 


.Among the worthy residents of Fairfiel-1 IJiack had been married to -vliss Tane Mc- 

ci.'unty who claim the Emerald Isle as the Cloy, a native of Jrelaud, and they became 

land of their birth is Saniuel C. Black, who the parents of fL^ir cinldren. Robert, the 

is engaged in agricultural pursuits in Berne eldest, is living three miles east of Bremen, 

township. He was born in Ireland i>n tlie INlary became the wife of John S. ]\Iartin. nf 

4th of December, iSjo. His lather. Will- Hc/cking- ciamty, and has eight children: 

lani Black, was a!s(> a native of that countr}-, Gei.Tge, \\'illiani, Albert, Frank, Tennie, 

bi-rn in the latter part cf the eighteenth cen- Emma, Matilda and ]^Iarg-aret. .^anuiel C. 

tury, and in the schools of Ireland he ac- is the subject of this review. Tan\es. a res- 

quireil his education, l;ut his privileges were ident of [Missouri, completes the famih. In 

limited owing to the primitive conditii^ns his political \ iew s the father of this familv 

wh.ich then existed in scho(.iI w('rk. .\fter was a stanch Democrat from the time iie 

putting- aside his text-bi;oks he served an becan:e a naturalized citizen until i8fii. In 

apprenticeship at the weaver's trade, learn- that year he joined the ranks of the Reimbli- 

ing- the metlnHls of manufactm-ing fine Irish can part\- and remained one (jf its stalwait 

linen. He followed that jan-snit, tog;eiher supporters niuil his death. His religious 

with, farming- until 1S37. when believing faith wa- tiiat of the Presbvterian cinu-ch. 

that he would have l;etter business c-ppor- In the schools of Ireland Sanniet C. 

tunities in the new world, he crossed the iJlack obtained. Ins earK- education which he 

Atlantic to the United States, accompanied continued in the new wcjrld. The familv 

by his wife and three sons an.d a daughter, settled on the co'unt_\- line of Fairbeid cou;;- 

Here he joine-1 his father, who had emi- ty, .After laying aside his text-b- oks he 

grated vears befo.'e. coming in iroo- Mr. ga\e his entire attention to t!ie work of the 

54 Itll'.- HlOilR.lPHlCAL RECORD. 

li. ii'.e i;.nii. a tract of one luiinhftl an. I a rc>i(Iciit nt' I'.rcii'cii. niaiTicd Alice Lut:'. 

twenty acre> ni" laiKl. lie \va> tlui^ em- andtlie} ha\e(^ne clnl.l. Dor .iliy. (51 

ijlayed umil 1N5S when he removed t.> Kan- Mary ha> luissed away. k^U\ Ceor-e. nov> 

sas and i)urciia-ed a farm winch he owne'l livin;;- in Chicago. Illinois, married I^lla 

and operated for seventeen }ear.-. lie then ("annon. and they ha\e ihe fojlowins^- chil- 

sold tlial iiioperty and returned to J'airlield dren : (ieori^e. Ilounrd. Lawrence and 

county, where he has since remained. His AJarcclla. After the dealh of his lirst wife 

purpose in reniovin.i;- to tlie we-t was to as- 'Av. JViack was ai;-ain married in 1S74. iiis 

sist in making- Ka-.isas a /ree sta.te ainl lie second union heini;- with Mrs. C'allierine 

put fortli every effort in dirocl!i>n. He Hcery, a native of j',enie towu.diip. I'otli 

ser\el as a niemher of th.e Kansas le-isl.o l.e and his wife attend the Trcshx terlati 

ture in iS'u and was a nn-st prominent an.] chmxh oi Lancaster. 

iniluential citi.'.cn of his district. Mr. Black is a stalwart ad\-ocale of Re- 
in 1S35 ''ccun-ed the marria.i^e i-f Sara- pul.licau princii^les. hut the hnnm-s and envil- 
tiel C. I'.lack and Miss Mary Jane Stuart, a unient> of office ha\e n..- attraction for him. 
native of Kush Creek township. LairiicKl La a summary of his career we n.itc that 
comU}". and tint.; them, were ii(..rn si.\ ciiil- the salient feattires of his life record are 
dren: (i) Rmnia is now the wife of Fran.k enterprise., industry and unfakeriniL;- devo- 
E. [I< user, crf Lancaster, L'hio. and tliey ti.^n ii> w'liate\'er he helie\-es to he right. 
Lave seven children, Stanley. Earl. I^eila. His diligence and cajjaljle manag-enicnt have 
Jennie. Edith. Cecil and .\M)ie. ( 2 ) Iiia is been tlie means of lu-inoing- to hhn a fair de- 
deceased. { T,] Isahelle is the wife of H. gree of success and he i^ n.-w acduntcd one 
]\L Siiclhanier, of Bremen. (4) Kohert. also of the leafling- agriculturi>ts .f this ciunty. 


Perhaps the mo^t distinguished criminal close application, ambition and determined 
lawyer of tliis part of Ohic) is Thomas H. purpose are the concomitants of success at 
Dolson, of Lancaster, whose reputatii.Mi is the bar and when prestige has been won it is 
not limited liv the contines of this state but unmistakable evidence of the possession of 
extends into other states where his services tlie-e rpialities. Conferring hon')r and dig- 
have heeit sought. In the profession of law nity ujion the prr^fes>i..n which has li.-nored 
one must depend entirely in<lividual him. his course has ever been such as up- 
nicrit for advancement, strong mentality, holds the majesty of the law and his his- 

.'.KKLV'.: .J; P ■/■■: .ii'l 

ill 1 '.,-.i 




tory tlicrelMi-e ^liouhl Kn-m iiu unimiK>rtant e/er Dulsun was hnvw and reared in this 
chapter in the judicial aiinal> of ilii'^ dis- ^tate. early heccniiiig- f;nniHar witli the wnrk 
t,-|et. that falls t<. the let of tlie a^t^ricuHurist. and 

yiv. Dolson is a native of Oiii.'. liis birth after atiainin^ his majority began farming; 
haVing occurred in McO'unelsvil'.e, Mor- on his own account. For many years lie en- 
gau county, on the JJnd of X'.vemhcr, jja.Qed in the lillin.^ of the soil and in rais- 
i8:;i. his parents bein^' Ebeuezer B. and ing 5t>ck in Mur^an county, Ohio, and is 
Ilulda I Stevenson) Dclsou, the former a now living in Kansas. 

native of Ohio and the latter of Virgiriia. The early hi'yh 1 da_\ s of Thomas H. 

His ancestry, both direct and collateral for Dolscn were spent in a manner not unlike 
manv generatirnis has been distinctively that of nn;st boys i.)f tlie period. The jnib- 
American. and in the civil and military his- He schcKils of Morgan county afforded him 
torv of the country the name of Dolson his early educational privileges and later he 
figures eonspicuivdsly. In every war in took a course in the high school in Logan, 
wliich the coumry has i)ecn engaged rep- Oliio. where he he was graduated with the 
resentativcs of the name have l)attled for class of i86S. Immediately afterward he 
the rights and liberties of ihe nation and the entered upon his business career in the ca- 
great-great-graiidfather of our su!>ject was pacity of bookkeeper in the mercantile es- 

tahlish.ment of his brother-in-law. H. S. 
r.errv, at Canieron. ^ilissotn-i. where he re- 
mained, for two years. In 1870 he returned 
to Ohio and wishing t.i enter prMfcs-i'-nal 
life became a law student in the ofhce of 
Judge :Martin. of Lancaster, who directed 
his reading for two years. Successfully 
passing an examination before the supreme 
early day in the history of Xew Y.>rk the court, in December. 1873. he was admitted 
Dolson> reside<l in that state and it was the to the bar and at once established an office 
grandfather of our subject who founded the in Lancaster. Nature bountifully endowed 
family in Ohio, estaldishing his h.:me in him with the peculiar qualifications that 
Mu^kingum canity in the early part of tlie combine to make a successful lawyer. Pa- 
nineteenth century. lie purcha-e.l- large tiently persevering, possessed of an ana- 
tract.. of land in Musking-imi county and lytical mind, and one that is readily recep- 
'in that portion of the state which, afterward tive antl retentive of the fundamental prin- 
bccanie Perry oumty. ami tor>k a pr. minent ciple- ar.d mtricacies ,.f the law; gifted with 
part in develoi-ing the industries ,.-f that a spirit o.f devotion to wearisome details: 
portion of tiie state leading to it:^ substan- quick to c. .mprehend the most sul>tle prob- 
tia! devel.-.pment.aml improvement. Eben- lems and l.rgical in his c.-.nclu>i..ns : tear- 

one r-t 

" the 1 


of the Rev:":' 


n who 



;r the 

cinimand > 

I ' 





177^) until i; 


;. The 



of ^Ir 

•. D..lson serx 


in the 


Lin war. and 

as qnarterma: 


• of the 




c Artiller}' r 


Kber.e: E. 


n, rendered "r, 



effect i' 

ce aid 


1 86 J until iS- 


At an 


less in tlie advocacy of any cause lie may 
espouse, and the soul (»f hraior and intoLjriiy. 
few men ha\e been more richlv gitied for 
the achievement of success in tlie arduous 
find di'ncult profession of the law. In 
187.5 ''t' '''>i'iiied a parlner-hjp with T.cvi 
Hite, a prominent attiirney of the Fairt'ield 
county bar, and thi^ relation was maintai'ned 
until Mr. llite's removal to Columbus in 
1887. .Since that time .Mr. Dolson has been 
alone in practice. He ser\-ed for four years 
as prosecutino- attorney of Fairfield county, 
from 1876 until 1880, and then retired, but successor died shortly after entering 
upon the duties of the ottice and. ]vlr. Dolson 
was then appointed to fill the unexpired 
term, so that he served fi.-r nearly two years 
longer. His course was one deserving and 
Avinning high commendation, for neither 
fear nru- fax'or caused him to swerve from 
the strict i)ath of .luty. His ability as a trial 
lawyer led to the winning of many of the 
suits whicli he tried in the courts. During 
liis tweiity-tlirce years' practice at the bar 
of this and other states :\[r. Dolson has 
built up a very fine law business that covers 
a wide scope of territory. In the local 
courts his practice is general, liut in the 
surrounding counties and other stajes it is 
exclusively criminal, mostly for the defense. 
Perhaps ]Mr. Diilsou has been eng-aged in a 
greater number of criminal cases than any 
other lawyer of hi~ age in the state of Ohio. 
Among the notable cases which have at- 
tracted general attentii n. in which be .a])- 
])eared fr-r tlie deferise as the leading advo- 
cate, wa-^ that of the state of Montana 
versus ■ . the defendant hav- 

ing been charged u it'n nun-der in the first 
degree, but he wa> ac(|nitlcd by the jury. 
Another was in the state of Illinois versus 
David Miller, charged vath the nuirder of 
A. T',. Diamon, the mayor of .\rcola, whom 
he shot and killed because of some family 
trouble. This case was prosecuted with 
\i,gor by the stale and Mr. Dolson had to 
combat the ablest lawyers nf central Illi- 
nois, among whoui was the Hon. Horace S. 
Clark, a man of high reinitatir.n as a crim- 
inal lawyer. After a trial ,.,f several days' 
duration Miller was acquitted. He has also 
appeared in defense ,:.f men charged with 
high critues in the states of Indiana and 
California and always with success. Mr. 
Dolsou has appeared on one side or the 
other of every important criminal case tried 
in Fairfield county during the past fifteen 
years an<l in many of those in adjoining 
counties. In the ca-e of the state of Ohio 
versus Napier, charged with murder, Mr. 
Dolson was appointed by the late Judge 
Floffman, of Perry county, to assist in the 
prosecution. The defendant was convicted. 
In his professional career Mr. Dolson has 
beeti'most successful not only in gaining 
verdicts desired, but also from a financial 
standpoint as well, and ha- been enabled to 
surround his family ..vith the comforts and 
man.y of the luxuries of life. 

In 1876 Mr. Dolson was united in mar- 
riage til Mis- .\Iida Reinnumd. a daughter 
of P.. F. and Isabelle r.VrnoId) Reinmund, 
of Fairfield crunty. and a -ister of Flenry 
J. Reinmiuid, insurance c mnu--ioner un- 
<ler Governor Hi.adley. Mr. and Mrs. Dol- 
son b.ave four cliildren. two -1 ns and two- 


daughters. The family atteiul the Enghsh 
Lutheran cliurcli, of whicli 'Six. Dolsuii is a 
nieniber. la his poHtica] affiliations he is a 
Democrat. He was nominatcil by his party 
for the state senate to represent the ninth 
and fourteenth senatorial districts, but was 
defeated with the remainder of the ticket. 
Perhaps the best summary of his life can 
be given in the words of an old and prom- 
inent member of the Lancaster bar, who 
said : "While Mr. Dolscn does a general 
law business in the local courts, his practice 
runs largely to criminal cases, and in this 
peculiar line he has quite a wide reputation. 
He is adapted by nature for this kind of 
work. He is shrewd, quick to see th.e weak 
points of his opponents and aggressive in 
availing- himself of every advantage pre- 
sented in the trial of a case. He has a good 
voice, an extensive vocabulary, and on his 
feet before the jury he makes an effective 
address. He is the best talker, perhaps, at 
this bar, but not the best read lawyer. H 
his earlv education had been commensurate 

with his natural abilities as a lawyer his ad- 
vancement would have Ijcen mr;re rapid. He 
came to the bar here carl_\' in the 'seventies, 
and has improved his opportunities so well 
that he now ranks with the leading attor- 
neys of tlie district. His reputation as a 
criminal lawyer is well established in this 
section of the state, and he has been called 
to Avidely diverging points to defend Ohio 
citizens charged with the violation of the 
criminal cotles of ditTerent states. He has 
been remarkably successful and has crossed 
swords with son:e able men in this line of 
practice. Another feature that has contrib- 
uted to his success is that he has ciaifmed 
himself entirely to his profession and is a 
worker. He has not neglected his law prac- 
tice for politics or any other business. He 
gives his clients his best efforts and is a trust- 
worthy and reliable lawyer. He is held in 
high esteem both by the legal profession and 
in the community, and by the public where 
he is known." 


Wheu tra\el 'bv team and wagon, on a <> n oi David Bright, who was born in the 

horseback or hv means nf the v^atenvays year 17 to. He entere<l land from tlie gov- 

of the countr\--^long before the era <:>f rail- cniment in fJerks county, Pennsylvania, and 

roads — the Bright familv was established in the pn.-perty is still in tiie possession of his 

Fairtield countv. The paternal grandpar- descendants. He lived and died in Berks 

ents c.i our subject were John and Anna county, followed the occupation of farming 

I\laria ( Leiss) Bright, and the f'.mier was tiiroughout the years of his active business 


career. He was the tatlicr of oi.^lit chi'- crease<I he ailiicil ii> his ])n.iit'ri\ uiuil ai 
ch-eii. iuclu.Iii)'^- J'.hn I'.ri.Li'ht, the gTamii'-.i- the lime (f hi< deaili. which (ceiirre! in tlio 111' cur suiiject. The latter cao?c to !-"air- year 185.^. he wns the owner of seventeen 
field connty in the early years of ilie nine- hnmhe-l acres of land, nearly all of which 
tcentii centin-y. Much of the land wa*- sti'l la_\' in l-"airtie!d count\-. lie dcserxed greal 
in posse-sidi 1 f tlie L;-'>\ernn;ent am! he e;'- cretlit f^r what he aoc' 'm;)li>lied. owinr^- his 
tered a claim ..n sections jy and yy in Lil)- in-o.-,]>erity entirely to liis well directed ami 
CMty townshi;;. after which he returiicd to indefa.tii^ahle etYoris. Ife was united in 
rcnnsylvar.ia. where lie died. He had a marriat^e to [iannah Clauer. wlio proved to 
son, ])a\id. wli". cmini;- to I'airrield c-nn- him a faithful comj.anii.n a.n<l licipniave for 
ty, Ulm«. sjjent hi?, last days in Grcenlield a. mimher of years, l;ut was then called to 
townshij-, • her final rest, loa\in^- four chililrcn, who 
J(dm liriyiu, Jr., the father of <.ur su.)- reached years of maturity, alih-u,-;!! all arc 
ject. was horn in Berks comity, Penn^yi- r.ow deceased. The^c were Mary, who he- 
, vania. on the 9th i;f January. 1787. So-mc- camic the wife of h hn Swartz: Hester, the 
where h.eiwecn j8o8 and iSu he came to wife .-f Alexander Miller : Susanna, die wife 
Ohu:. settli-.ic;- up-jn the land which had Lceii of Daniel Lang^vvll : and I'etcr. .\fter the 
purchase;! hy his father. He made a jour- death of his iirst wife Jolm Hriij-ht was 
ney t>n over roads tliat were a,-ain married, liis -tcond unimi l-.eing- with, 
scarcely more than ]ndian trails in places. Klir^aljcth l>dyers. and unto thcn.i were hrirn 
After a time lie returned to renn<y!\ania. i!n ee, the elde-t heint; Knocli. of 
wlicve he was married, hrin^ing- hi.^ wife tliis review. The > thers are Hannah, tlie 
with liini to h.i.- r.ew liome upon the western w ido\\' o-f I"[enr\- Lang-well, and lohu. who 
fpmtier. They to, .k up their alr'<le i'.i Li.- resides in BaltinT-re. Ohio. The parents 
erty t(^wnshii). >i;ending the remainder of were members <<( the Evangelical church, 
their days within its l;orders. honored and, were deeply interested in its work and ccju- 
re^pected pioneer people, actively connecteil trihuted in no small measure t^ the growtit 
with fanning interests of Ohio, J.-hn and uphuildiiig of tlie cliurcli. Oftentimes 
Bri,ght. tlie father if our subject, was draft- camp meetings were lieh! upon their farm 
ed for strx'ice in the war of i8i_'. but fur- and Mr. Driglit was one of the ni<ist liljeral 
iiished a substitute, feeling that Ins first duty contributors to the cause <y\ Cliristianity in 
was to liis faniil}" and tliat be must prepare this locality. His pc>litical support was gi\-- 
for their comfort and welfare -b.efi.ire au,ght en to the Democracy, and t!ion,gh liis busi- 
else. He built a gristmill and also a .saw- iiess affairs made lieavx" den'.ands uixm his 
mill upon lii< fann u]:>n tlie banks of the time, be always fivund op-portunity to faith- 
Poplar creek. He cleared many acres of fully discharge !iis duties of citizenship and 
land, placed splendid improvements uiwn co-operate in all mr>venieiits for the genera! 
his property and develo]ieil one c>f the best go<;d. 
farms in the t^ wnsliip. As liis capital in- Enoch Bright, who is an honored repre- 


sciitative cf i):ie of the piimiinciit piiiiieer ven- in(lii>tri( ais aiul energetic agTieuliurist 

families (,f tlie o uiity. \va> lu.rn in I.k erty and his farm in its neat and thriftv appear- 

tMwnslnp tip.-n a farm which he yet ..wn^. ance always indicated hi-, careful supervis- 

January 3. iS_:;o. lie i> n(,w li\ing retire!. i(,n. Ide erecte'.l there a nice liome. gnw,! 

however, and his h,.ii,e is in I'.rdtim re. lie hams and cntbuihhngs and everytliing 

i:ursued his education in one of the old time about the nlace was key.l in excellent Cijudi- 

log school houses ci'Unuonly seen upon the tiuii. 

frontier, hut his ad\antages in tiiat direc- The home • f 'Mr. and Mrs. J.iriglit was 

tion were s<_nie\\hat meaner, for at an blessed witli eleven children, eight (a' v. Iiom 

early age he found it neco-ary to ;i>M;,i his reached years of maimiiv: Mahala is 

father in the work of the home farm and in the wife of Jlavid .Ml. ( f Baltimore, aiul 

the oiieration of tlie saw and grist mills, they ha\e two children, Mau<le and Burl; 

He early learned the value of industry, en- Ida is the wife 0,1 A. Ha.nsherger, l;y whon.i 

terprise and eOjnc^my in the acti\-e affairs site has tw > children. J). !ly and I'.eulah; 

of life and the less._;ns grained in early youth Tillman G.. who re.-ides u;;on his father's 

proved of value u> him as the years passed, farm and is niarried anr| bar- f^nr children, 

He remained at home until twent_\ years of Maude, Xolla. Floyd and Julia: :\Iildred E. 

age, at which time he given two hun- resides in Union county. Ohio; Fdmer is a 

dred and louriecn acres of land by Itis fa- resident of Lancaster: Ilarlev H. is li\ing 

iher and began farnnng on his own acduiir. in Libert;.- tcwn.-hip r.n the r^d homestead: 

As a companion and helpmate for the iJully is at h< me with her }*Iinnie is 

journey i>f life Mr. Bright chose Miss Lou- the wife of Bailey and, they Iiave two 

isa Yager, tlie marriage being celebraterl chiblren. Mary and Martha. 
July 25. 185J. when he was. twenty-two Mr. and .Mrs. Bright were mc:v;::.ers of 

}-ears of age. She is a native of Schnyl- the United Evangelical church f. r many 

kill county, Pennsxlvania, and during her years, and Mrs. Bright die;! in that faitli on 

early girlhood she was l:rought to Fairheld the 17th of February, icjor, iter remains be- 

county by her parents. The yo.uug o.uple ing interred in the <.i!;i family burying 

began their domestic life upon the farm ground r.ea'r her husl.iand's farm. Mr. 

whicii been gi\ en them and as time Bright has ever been faithful as a citi,-en 

passed the Ian,', was cuitjvated an<l improved and l.iyai to the best i-terests of tiie county, 

and placed under A higli state (.'f cnlti\ ati' n. slate and nation, n.anife-ting his fidelity to 

There the family lived for nearly half a cen- his couiUry during the time 1 f tlie Civil war. 

tury. but in the spring of 190J removed to enlisting in May. 1804, a- a meir.ber of the 

Baltimore, where ?\Ir. b.right now makes One Hundred and Sixtieth Regiment of 

his home in the enjo}-n^.cnt of a well earned (Jhi'. \'olunteers. being- mustered in at 

rest, the fruits of his former toil supplying Zanesville. After the expirati.-i of his 

bin: with all th.e neces-aries and many of the three months' term he was mustered ' ut at 

coinfoits and luxuries of life. He \\as a the satne. idace Seiitember 7. He is n..w a 


nieinbcT i.t C'u]![) Vo^X. C. A. R., ot ['.alt;- his t'ellnw ircni. nurino- his lon;^- re-iidt-ncc 

lU'ire. W'liile hi.- life has hLCii ijuielly pa^se'i. in I'airfield cmiutv. ci\cring- the iieii'n! nf 

luiniarkcil Ijy many e\e.U- cf cxcitinc;' inter- his onire Hie. he ha- ci>ntinuall\- addel tr. 

est, he has alwax's l;een fi>un<l as line (if \\h." the cirele if his friends l,v reasi n of his 

iia- due regard fi>r the i.bhgation-^ cf eiti- sterHnj;- w.rth. and Xo the dutv which lie Dwe- to 


^^"ilhall•' J^ Keese was a prominent far- and s-iind in reasoning. He liad soon 
tor ill t!ie h.istory of T.ancaster for \v..\n\ deniMn.nrate 1 liis ability in handle the intri- 
years.. Here he practice! law. was ci.>;'- cate pn blends of jurisprudence and succcss- 
nected witli merchandi-^ing and journalis- fully cope with the older and more exiieri- 
tic interests, and ci ntrii ried largely ti^ the e::ced irx:rl;eis of th.e bar, aral in a -hrirt 
general welfare by his co-operation in many tin-e lie Iiad a large and growiiig clientage, 
movements fo.r the general gi oj. He pn- but his eiT.jUb were n. t on lined tn ure de- 
mented p'j.lilic progress along many lines ari'i part:re;;t uf business activif.-. In 1SJ9 h.e 
his eff. rt- in behalf of the city made hi- joined Sanuiel F". Maccracken in establish- 
history an impn-taiu cha-pter in the annal; ing a drv giM>ds store in Newark. This 
of this secti.n of the state. siure wa-^ placed in charge y-\ Daniel Dun- 
William J. Ree-e wa- born (•11 the 3d of can. who had. been rme of Air. Maccrack- 
August. 1804. in the city of Philadelphia, en's clerks, and to him. in 183J. Mr. Reese 
and there he acquired a liljeral education, .sdd interest in the bu^iness. In the same 
Wishing to make the practice of law hi< year he purchased an interest in the Lan- 
life work, lie studied and was eventually ad- caster fiazette. in j^artnersliip with Charles 
mitted to tlie bar. The year 18J7 witne-sed Borland, but when a year had passed he de- 
his arrival in Lancaster. " At that tinx- a cided he did w t care i.r journalistic 
year's residence was den-andetl before cue vi'ork and di-;..sed i.f Ins share in the paper 
could enter up>n active practice here and to Co-fi nei P. \'an 'i'lump. A^erchan;Iis- 
wdien the requisite period had elapsed. Mr. ing was t.; him ir^re congenial and in 183J 
Reese opened an office and began practice, he jiurchased the interest of Henry Mat- 
He was a cultured, refined and Ivrilliant thews and Jue Putties in the dry gi>< ds sD'ck 
young attorney, with a mind alert :md ac- nf Heiu-\ .Matthews i^ C'lupany. i.f whicit 
tive, quick in perception, logical in thought firm Th^ Reed, was a member, and the 



iiiisiness was then coiitiuueil under t'.ie hviv. 
name (t Tlmnias Kccd & I'.j.r.pany untU 
March. iS^'"^. wiien (ie;ie; al Re^.^e clisinseii 
01 tiis interest to ^(c^sr^. Culbertson and 
Xye. On the I3lh <>i XiAen-iV^er. 183^. 
JJavid Iv.luilil purchased a third interest anil 
the tinn then became L'ulbertSdn. Xye & 
Koknhl In the year 1843 < -e-ieral Reese 
removed tn Philadelphia, where, iit ci.innec- 
tii>n with J'.'hn lieylin. he opened a jolibinc 
Inxise. but after a few years it was finnid 
that the enterprise was inipn.fitable. i!is 
health also failed him and he returned to 
]^ancasler. wh.cre lie li\cd in retirement un- 
til his death. 

Mr. Reese was united in marriage t;> tlie 
eldest daughter of Judge Ldiarles R. Sher- 
man and in the days of his prosperity he 
'erected nue of the finest and mc:st commo- 
dious hcnies in Lancaster. He was also a 
prominent and influential citizen here an:\ 
his eft. rts in behalf i>f the public good were 
widelv recognized as most beneficial and ac- 

ce])tal>le. He was the cajvtain of a fine mili- 
tary company at one time and was serving 
as b.rigadier g-eneral of the Oliio State :\li- 
litia at the time he removed t) Philadelphia. 
F( r seveial years he was secretary of the 
board of fund comnhssiou for the state of 
Ohio and his official service was character- 
ized by the utmost fidelity. He was an en- 
thu^-iastic ?\lason and the of tlie pres- 
ent ritual. He succecled Judge Sliernian as 
master of the Masonic lodge in Lancaster 
and his pn minence in Ma.-i nic circle.-, i> iri- 
dicated l;y the fact that for e'ght years he 
was tlie grand ma-ter <-f tlie grand lodge ijf 
Ohio. A charter member of St. John's 
Episcoj;al church, he was zeal'. us and en- 
tiiusiastic in its liehalf and his inlluence in 
that direction was of no restricted, order. 
He aided in laying broad and i!eep the foun- 
dation for the present social, moral, intel- 
lectual and material benefit of Lancaster 
and well di->es h.e deserxe ti) be numliered 
among its honored picmeer settlers. 


Tlie name of Hufi:ord has been closely 
interwi.A-en u ith "the history of Fairfield 
county. Throughout the nineteenth cen- 
tury its representatives li\ed in this por- 
tion of the state and our subject is now ac- 
tively carrying on farm w^rk and bearing 
his part in the task of improvement and pro- 
gress, which was begun si> many years ago 

bv his ancestors. His great-grandfather, 
Casper blutford, was of German descent and 
in 1 80 1 came to Ohio, settling" on Raccoon 
creek. He afterward removed farther up 
th.e creek, where he owned land, reclaiming 
the wild land f<'r purp.^ses of civilization. 
He died in Xovember, 18^5. and was buried 
upon his farm. He had married Miss Stah- 


ley. who was of (rcrnian .k-.-^ccnt and die ! tiie work ■ 1 the lickls. lie liad to traiiip 
in 1840. lier death ak^: ireurrin:; uiJ. ;i the and clean whuk- crnps lif wheat in thi> wav. 
old laniily liMnie.-t; a<l. at whic'a time ^he u a.> (Juiie erirl\ in life he hei^an I'annin.L^- (in his 
laid to le^t h} the sioe ..1 iier luii! and. own arc. iinl his father deeding him ei^jhtv 
Tlieir ^ u, S. .1 miMn llnfford. tiic gramk acres ( n" land. Also lurnino- his nttentiou to 
i;'.t!ur of .,ur Mil>ject. was horn in Rock- lue nur>ery hii-iness lie engaged in rai^in^' 
inghani county, \"irginia, June lO, 1786, tfccs. lie was very succes.•^ful in his un- 
and when parents renmved t.. Oliio iie d.eilakings au.l lucanie w elktn-do. L'j)o;i 
accon pained tlieni. Some time later he er.- ''■'-~ '-'rni he hiiili a tw.>-sii,ry frame resi- 
tered fi'om the government land which i.s 'ieuce and made inaiiy . -ilier improveme-,us. 
now owned hy Emanuel llutlcrd. and there Cfimpinng liis place witii ;dl ,n...'er;i acces- 
lie deveh pcd an excellent farm, making it sories. In the _\-ear 1841 he wa;- united in 
his hi. me up to'the time of his death, which marriage ti- Mi>s Hannah Sti nelunier. a 
occurred in 1876, when he was in his ninet}- i-'itive of IV-rry ci.iuUc, Ohio, and thev iie- 
lirst _\eai. He married Miss Rehecca Hen- came the parents of r'lfteen children. Timse 
drick. who was of German lineage and w\as ;till living are as folliva^: I'hilip, a rc-^i- 
born on kei.ruary ij. \-;'$-^j. ai r^Iorri.-on's dent of Indicina; En.ianuel. whw is living in 
Cove, remtsykania. At a ver_\^early age Rirsh Creek townsliip, Fairfield c.untv : S'^- 
she cair.e ti. Ohio with her father who en- sanne. th.e wife oi Ceifge Kutt, of ilremen. 
tered lar.d on Jonathan's creek in Perry Ohio; W'ijjiani. wh.o- is lix'ing in Rush Creek- 
county, where he built one of the first flour- township: Xoah. a resident "\ Kansas, his 
ing mills in the state and there he spent his home being in Thayer, that state: Mary, the 
remaining days and was aclivcl}- con- wdfe of Harriett of Bremen. Ohio; 
nected with, early in-Instrial interests. Mrs. Sarah, tlie wife of William Turner, also of 
Jiufford. the grandmother of our subject. Dremen : Maggie, the w ife of George Rakk 
departed t'lis life in 18A1 in tlie sevemy-sec- ing. of Bremen: Elias J., who is living in 
ond year of her age. By her marriage she konland. Oregon: Fdlen. the wife of \[, <.. 
had become tin- nirther of ten chiloren. Stewart, of Bucyrus. Ohio. In politics the 
Elias Hufford, the father of our subject, father of this famil\- was a Deim crat in 
was born .''.ngusc 17. 1818. about one mile matters of national importance but at local 
from the home .'f William Hutford. He ac- elections he v.:ted for the man whom he 
quired his early education in an old-time log tiiougiit best <iualitied tor the position. He 
school house and was familiar- with all th.' ser\ed as supervisor ami was also director 
hardships and Iab.;rs of ,;i,.neer life and with of schools. He iield meinl>er.-hip in the 
the primitive methods of doing work. b!o German Baptist church, dying 1n that f:iith 
had to cut wheat with a scythe and tramp it and was then laid to rest in ^.It. Zion cem- 
out in the barn \\ith ' rse-. He went to etcry. in Perrv county, 
scho.d about tlve or six weeks each \ ear for A\'illiam Hufford. wln^se n.airie intro- 
the remainder of the year he was bn-^y with <Iuces this review, was born in Hocking- 



county, Ohii.>, about four miles smith of his 
present hoint. lie acquired his early eilu- 
catiun there and later continued hi-^ studie- 
in Fairfield count}-, attending sclvxils about 
four months each year. When lie was twen- 
t3-one his education was completed and he 
began farming for his father, for whom he 
worked for about six years. Believing that 
he would enjoy living in the west he removed 
to Kansas, but remained only three months, 
returning then to Rush Creek tow nship and 
purchasing land upcm w hich he m iw resides. 
His farm consists of c>ne huiulred and two 
acres, all ^^f ^^■hich is under a high state of 
cu!tivatii>n and he is successfully carrving 
an agricultural pursuits. Evervthing alx>nt 
his place is neat and thrifty in appearance 
and his enterprise and industiy have been 
im]>ortant factors in the prosperous c<->nduct 
of his business affairs. 

In 1874 William Hufti_>rd was united in 
marriage to ^Nliss ^larj- I'eer, a native of 
Hocking county, Ohio, and unto them have 
been born the following children: Edward. 
residing at home; Wright, also at home; 

Ida. the wife o.f Ira McCuUough, of Rush 
Creek township; Ch.arlic. .\rthur and Jim, 
who are _\ei under the jiatcrnal r(>>f. 

Mr. Ilufford has cleared considerable 
land, for much of his farm was covered with 
timlier when he took possession of the [irop- 
erty. He built a good home and barn au'l 
.also added forty-live acres to bis land. His 
is one of the creditable farms of the county 
and the [Xisserby can see at a glance that the 
owner is progressive, practical and en<_Iorses 
modenr impnjvcments. In politics he has 
followed in his father's fo'^'tsteps, always 
\oting the Democratic ticket on questions of 
national importance, but at the hx^al elec- 
tions he votes as he deems advisable. He 
has served as school director for a num- 
ber of years and is interested in all that 
tends ti> promote the material, intelleciuai, 
social and moral progress of the community. 
He belongs to the German Baptist church 
and his Christian principles have so per- 
meated his life and nuilded his career that 
he is to-day a man highly respected by all 
who know him. 


It is always a pleasure to see true merit 
suitably rewarded and to behold the pros- 
perity of those who eminently desene it as 
does the subject of this review. At an 
early age he learned one of the great les- 
sons of life — that there is no royal road to 
wealtli — and therefore he toiletl industrious- 

ly mitil he has won not only a snug little 
fortune but also the esteem and confidence 
of the people with whom he has been asso 
ciated for so many years. Work, the true 
friend of mankind, has developed his latent 
resources and brought out the strong self- 
reliant force of his character, aad to-dav he 



is acciiunteil one t«f the ppisper<ni> residents 
of Lancaster, wliere he has limy- hcen prc- 
])rietor of a tine gTeenliouse in cuii junction 
\\ith hi> son. business l-.eing carried on under 
tiie tirni name of Gra\ett i^ Sou. 

.Ml-. Craveit was l;'.rn on the iJtlt of 
September, 1S26. in the village of Billing- 
hurst, county of Susse.v, England. His fa- 
ther. I'eter Gra\ett, was also a nati\e of 
that country an.d throughout his life de- 
voted his energies to the \i--cati"n of farm- 
ing. ]>assing- away in 184.'. His wife, who 
L'orc the maiden name uf Luc\- Rec\es. was 
also a- native of the locality in which her 
husband was bi.-rn. Alter his death she 
came with her children to the United States, 
beliling in. White cjunty. Jllinois. where she 
remained until called to her final rest in 
J 87-'. 

Having- acquired his education in tlie 
public schools of his native land. John Gra\-- 
ett th.en became connected with th.e nursery 
Jmsiness and also accjuired a cmvprehensive 
and accurate knowledge of the best methofls 
of ci'iiducting a greeniiouse and propagat- 
ing tiuwers and trees, having fivur years ex- 
perience in the i.aisiuess before he can-ie to 
-\merica. The year 1850 witnessed hi^ 
emigration to the new world. Attracted 1)\ 
the broader (.pportunities and 'lousiness pos- 
sibilities t.-f tliis countn- he bade adieu to 
friends and native country and sailed for 
America, before the other n-ijembers of the 
family left I'ngland. He landed at Xew 
Yi>rk but ma^'e his way direct ti> Buffalo 
and tlience to l.anca.^ter. Ohio, where he has 
since resided. Soon after his arrival he 
])urcliased six acres of laud on East W'heel- 
ii-ig- -treet. planted a t-iursen.- and for several 

}-ears coiulucted a general nursery business. 
Init in 1864 he enlarged the sc<fpe of his !;'.- 
bor by erecting- and equipping a small green- 
iiouse.' As his 1 usiness g-rew he enlarge 1 
his facilities until he now has ten thousan.'. 
feet unfler glass. Hi- flowers are of the 
choicest varieties and kiiwls. his selecti')n 
being made as tiie result of long experience 
in the lnisii-.ess. His son is a practical florist 
and the plants are always kept in a healthy 
conditio. n. Fr'.un his care in this directiwii 
Mr. firavctt has built up a large and grow- 
ing business, and his trade has reached e.x- 
tensi\-e proportions li_>cally and also extends 
to the surrounding towns and villages, while 
large shipments are made to Columl)u>. The 
greenhouse is heated throughout by \\'\ 
water and all ini>dern equipments and ac- 
cessr-ries for carrying on the business have 
been added, for Vix. Gravetl and his sun 
are men of progressive ideas and keep in 
touch with the adxancement of the times. 
His sale of carnations and roses is con- 
stajitly increasing- in Columbus and he 
makes large ship-ments of these flowers at 
slated inte."\ als. 

Befote lea\-ing his nati\ e land Mr. Grav- 
ett was married in England, in 1849, t'-" ^^i^s 
Ann Mallars, wlii> was l>om in London auvl 
was a daughter of Thomas Mallars, a suc- 
cessful merchant there. This union has been 
blessed with ten chiklren and all have 
reached n-;ature \-cars. .\11 l)ut one were 
born in this city and are as follow-s: ElLi. 
the wife of W. W. Brown, a resident of 
Denver. C'tlorado; John, also a resident rf 
that state, -ivho married a Miss Kagya. 
of Fairfield county, ami is in the ei-t-ipli y of 
the Denver S: Rio Grande Railroad, holding 



tb.e prisilioti (il agent at Saliil;'. : Jennie, 
a i;r<itessinnal nurse and resides at Ik ':ne : 
i.ucv, tiic wile rf James A. Can . i;t Demop- 
iilis. Alabama: Anna, tlie wife u\ the Rev. Laml... of Cleveland. Ohio: Etta, 
who married A'-thur A. Walker, an att. ir- 
ney of Cincinnati. Ohii); Florence, the wife 
of Charles Zeisler. of Lancaster: Georye, 
at home, w lio is a m;>li!er in the employ i^f 
the Hocking- \'a!ley Railn-ad: and Carrie, 
the wife of .Milton McClane, who is em- 
ployed in a shoe facti;)ry in Lancaster. 

Since gaining the right of franchise ^Iw 
Craxelt has sui)ported the Democratic part}- 
and for twelve years he served as a member 
of ihe school ixjard of the city. For a simi- 
lar pericH.1 he was a n-ien-iber of the Fairheb! 
-Agricult'aral Society and fraternally he is 
Connected with Charity Lodge. T. O. O. F. 
Lie bel(-ings to tlie Presbxtei-ian church, ha.^ 
held n> of the church offices and for the 
past thirty- five years has been one of its el- 
ders, doing all in his power to extend its 

inlluence. Hi- residence is a substantial 
l.-rick structure, well furnished ami is situ- 
ated at Xo. S03 Fast Wheeling street. He 
thoroughly enjoys home life and takes great 
lileasrre in the society <A his family and 
friends. He is always courteous, kindlv and 
artabic and those who know him personally 
ha\-e for liim warm regard. As has been 
truly remarked, after all that n-iav be done 
rnr a man in the way of giving hint early o\t- 
]K:rtunities for obtaining the requirements 
which are sought in schcils and in b<x_>ks, 
he nuist essentirdly formulate, determine and 
give shape to his own character: anil this 
is what Mr. (3ravett has di'iie. He has per- 
severed in tlie pursuit of a persistent pur- 
[xise and gained the most satisfactory re- 
ward. His life is exemplary in many re- 
spects and he has ever supported those in- 
terests which aie calculated to uplift and 
benefit humanicy, while his own moral 
worth is deserxing of the highest commend- 


Jacob W. Fenstermaker, whi> is filling 
the office <>f the justice of the peace in Car- 
roll, w-:is b-orn in this county. 'October 25. 
ii*^-'-'. His father. William Fensten-i-iaker, 
was a native of Pennsylvania, his birth hav- 
ing <,)ccurred near Reading, w hence he came 
with his parents to Ohio in 1808. the family 
1< -eating on a farm near Carroll, where a 
log cabin was erecteil and a blacksmith shi^p 

and it is claimed that in the smithy was man- 
ufactured the first ax ever made in this 
county. Flis granilfatlier was George 
F ensternuaker. The father worked upon the 
liome farm in youth and in the black- 
smith shop, and when he started out in life 
for himself he chose as a companion and 
heljHi-iate for the journey Miss Mary Mine- 
hart, who was born on a farm in MifHin 


county, I'tiiu^Nhaiiia. nenr Juniata ri\-er. 
Her fatlicr dieij leaviut;- a gi^nd estate ta 
his \vi;I(?w and eight chikhxn. The nxither 
alter settling v\) tiie estate can;e to (3hio 
witli iter httlc ones, ho[)ing that lhe_\- would 
have good (.pportunilies in the new c<''Unn"y 
and she ga\e to each child a sut'licient sum 
t>l nnHiey to purchase eighty acres of land. 
William, Fenstermakcr locate<l his eighty 
acre> north of Carroll on the northeast cor- 
ner of \'iolet township. Therenn he bunt 
a log" cabin and a blacksmith shi'i). The 
ifcxM- of his pioneer honie was made from an 
ash log and smoothed with an ax. The door 
was made in the same wa_\' and the boll.-^ 
were fastened in with wooden pins, while the 
hinges were also ingeniously made of wood. 
There was a latch and to this was attached 
a rawhide string, which hung uw the outside 
of the door through the hours of day and the 
m;ethod of locking the door was to pull the 
string on the inside. FL>r fuel Mr. Fen- 
stenn'aker used charcoal, which he hinvselr 
burned. Primitive were the conditions of 
life which existed, but as the years passed 
the ingenuity of the settlers and their en- 
terprising labors \\Tought many changes. 
Wild turkey were plentiful in those days 
and woh-es were also numerous. Our suh.- 
ject relates that he has often seen his father 
open the door just wide enough to put his 
rifle through and shoot both wolves and tur- 
keys. \\'hen the grandfather 'of our subject 
died William Fenstermaker purchased 
the old family homestead of one hun- 
dred and fifty-six acres and in the spring of 
1832 took up his abode thereon, continuing 
to cultivate the land and also conduct his 
smithy until his death, which occurre<l in 

.Ma.rch, 184,^ He left a uid-.w and ten 

As the eldest s(.n. ( Icrge. was then 
married, Scpiire I'V-nsterninker. at that lime 
niricteen years of age, t(.ok charge of the 
home farm and assisted his mother in pro- 
dding for the younger children. His early 
life was one of acti\e and earnest toil and 
his efforts ])ro\cd of nuich benefit to the 
family. In his tweiity-lifth year he was 
united in marriage on the ist of December, 
1S4O, to Susana Smith, a daughter of Henry 
Smith, a farmer of Fairfield county. He 
then built a h(jine on one ci_)rner of the old 
farm and he still continued to manage tlie 
land until he purchased fifty acres adjoining 
the home place. There he built a log house 
for himself and little family. A few vears 
after he purchased a tract of eighty acres, 
adjoining his first purchase, so that he 
owiied a quarter of a sectir)n, whereon his 
labors brought to him a good financial re- 
turn. He remodeled aitd enlarged his home 
but even.tually sold that property which af- 
terward came into the possession of Jeff- 
ries' family and on it was bom the present 
champion prize fighter of that name. 

In the spring of 1862 ]^Ir. Fensternviker 
removed to his present home, purchasing 
tlie property tiie following year. The house 
had been erected in 1839 and was the first 
brick house built in Carmll. being then con- 
sidered quite a mansion. What he came 
here in the spring of 1S62 the Squire rented 
a warehouse near the canal and engaged in 
the grain business, but a year later the 
building and its ci>ntents were destroyed by 
lire and as he carried no insurance he suf- 
fered a hea\v li>ss. Since that time he lia-i 

i\>\:.)\r; \l 


devoted his energies to agricultural jmr- tending the lionie scliool. Mr. Fenster- 

suits and his weil develoj>ed place, neat and maker ha.v o]>tained a legal sqiaration from 

thrifty in aj^pearance. .indicates his carelnj his second wife. 

supervision an.] enterprise. Fr>r many years the Stiuire has filled the 
By his tirsi marriage [NPr. Fenstennaker (jfTice of justice of the jieace and his (.^pinions 
had five children, three of whom are yet liv- have always licen fair and impartial, few 
ing: ^[ary l-:.. the wife of I>avid Siiencer. ever having l)€en reversed. In the spring 
a contractor and carpenter living in Coluiu- of 190J he was also elected mayor of Car- 
bus, Ohio: Ollie. the wife of Robert Mc- roll and is now acceptably filling that nftice. 
Farland. who follows farming and thresh- Although now nearly eighty years (U' age he 
ing and resides near Carroll: and Charles is still a hale and hearty man and has never 
D., who married ?klrs. Edward Kistler. been obliged to wear glasses. Having spent 
whose maiden name was Jane Sands. They his entire life in the county, he is widely 
have one child. Ethel, and they reside with known among its residents. From pioneer 
■\Ir. Fenstennaker. who on the 13th of days to the present he has watched the de- 
August. 18S3. was called upon to mourn the velopment and progress of this portion of 
death of his first wife. On the 5th of the state and his efforts in its behalf have 
]\Iarch. 1885. he married }vlrs. Watts, a been effective in promoting its welfare, 
widow, bv- wh'/in he had two children: Those wlio know him entertain for him 
Myrtle, born in 1S89, is l>eing educated in friendly regard and his circle of acquaint- 
the convent of the Go.xl Shepherd of Co- ance is very extensive throughout Fairfield 
luntbus: and Parley D.. Wn-\\ in 1893. i* ''"" countv. 


A. H. Ginder. who has stood the test labor bestowed upon it. Mr. Grinder was 
•of public office and been found mi>st trust- born in Greenfield township, Faiiiield coun- 
\\X)rthy and reliable, is now identified with ty, on the 4th of January, 1852, his parents 
the agricultural interests of Fairfield coun- lieing John and Ann fHinsel) Ginder. The 
ty and has some valuable prr)pert_\' \vithiii father was 'born in Basil. Switzerland, and 
its borders. He makes his home in Lancas- when in his eighteenth }ear crossed the Af- 
ter, but superintends the operation of his lantic to the new world in company with his 
land, which is under a high state of cultiva- parents, John and Mary ( Krotzer) Ginder, 
lion and vields an excellent return for the \\\v^ settled in Fairfield count\- in 18J5, and 


a brother, \'an IL Gindcr. \\lii> in>\\ rcsiilcs 
in BaltiiiTirc. this county. On tlie niatcnial 
side f'ur suhject is also of Swiss lineage. 
Mis matcrna! giamlparents were natives oi 
Basil, Switzerland, and on emigrating to 
the nc\\- Avt'rld tiK>k up their abode in Fair- 
field county, Ohio, where the mother of our 
subject was li(;rn in the year iSi8. The 
father of oui' subject was a carpenter by 
trade and in addition io Iiis labors as a 
builder he engaged in fanning, making his 
home in Greenfield townshi]!. He Avas a 
nuan of much energy and enterprise and was 
regarded as a \'alned citizen in the early 
days, being held in high esteem for his sterl- 
ing- character and his unfaltering integrity. 
In politics he was a Denn crat and a warm 
admirer cf (leneral Jackson and the princi- 
ples he advix-ated. He \\as a member of the 
Kefomied church of Basil ami died in that 
faith on his farm near P)asil. in April, 1892. 
His wife, who sur\i\es him. yet makes lier 
home on the old farm in (jreenfield town- 
ship. In their family were four children: 
Samuel H., a resident farmer L>f this comity; 
Daniel, who resides on the old homestead : 
A. H., of this review: and Elizal^eth C. 

Reared as a farmer l)oy A. H. Ginder 
early became familiar with the work of the 
fields and meadow and the sun shone down 
upon many a tract which he plowed and 
planted, ripening the grain which he had 
sown. In the winter months he attended 
the district schools of the neighlx>rhood and 
later l>ecame a student in the Fairfield Union. 
Academy at Pleasantx ille. Later he en- 
gaged in teaching, being emjiJoyed as teacher 
of the home school for se\en terms, after 

which he assisted his brotlier at carpenter 
work for M>mc time. 

]\Ir. Ginder has been called upon to hll 
a numlx^r of offices by his fellow t(n\-ns- 
men who recognize his worth and ability. 
in i8So he was apjiointcd census enumera- 
tor for Greenfield township', and in 1889 
he was appoitUed deimty amlitor umler R. 
F. Brown, in which capacity he ser\ed lor 
six years. On the expiration of that peri'-.d 
in 1894 he was elected auditor for a term 
of three years. His previous service as dep- 
uty had well trained him for the duties of 
the superi'tr position, \\liich he (Hscharged 
with such signal ability and fidelity that he 
was re-elected in 1897. his second tcrn.i ex- 
Ijiring in October. 1901, when he retired 
from the office — ^with which he had been 
connected for twelve years — with the con- 
fidence and good will of all. having made 
many friends during his incuml>ency. Since 
leaving f>ftice he has given his attention to 
farming and is the owner of three hundred 
acres of rich land', splendidly cultivatedi. 
Up:>n this tract is a good residence, substan- 
tial barn and outbuildings, feed lots and th.e 
latest impro\ed machinery and the place is 
yielding to the owner a gruxl financial re- 
turn for the care and Ial_>or he iI>estows 
upijn it. 

In 1877 Mr. Cjinder was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Sarah Baugher. a daughter i>t 
Samuel and Caroline ( Fisher) Baugher. of 
Greentleld ti>wnship. who were early set- 
tlers of this county. Three children ha\e 
b.een l^>rn unto our subject and his wife: 
\'iola A., Floyd E. and Myrtle May. The 
son is now a medical student in the Starlii'g 



Medical Collej^e. of Coluinlnis. Ohio. Mr. 
Cinder beloug-s to Charity Lodge, Xn. 7, I. 
O. O. F., of Lancaster, and Mount Pleasani, 
Uxlge, Xo. 48. K. P. Politically he is a 
pronounced Dennx-rat, taking an acti\e part 

in local. count\" and state p<i!itics, and al- 
ways interested in the success ijf his partv. 
His pleasant hoiui;; in Lancaster is located 
at Xo. 185 East Sixth avenue ami there 
hospitality reigns supreme. 


For ahiiost eighty years John Hyde has 
traveled life's journey, and in ol<l age lie re- 
ceives the veneration and resiKX-t which 
should ever be accorded <.m who has at- 
tamed to adsancetl years and has li\ed an 
upright and honorable life. He now makes 
his home in liixrking township. Fairfield 
count}". Ohio'. His birth occurred in the 
state of Pennsyhania. He first oi>eneil his 
eyes to the light of day in Bedford county. 
August 10. 1823. the son of Jonathan and 
Margaret Ann Hyde, both of wlu>m were 
nati\'es of X'ew Jersey. Tbe father w^as a 
cooi^er by trade and for many years resided 
in Bedfordi count}-. Penns}lvania. where 
botli he and his wife died, the latter pass- 
ing away when her son, John, was but three 
yeairs of age. He is now the only living 
representative of the family, Avhich num- 
bered eight children. He spent the first fif- 
teen years (A liis life in the state c»f his na- 
tivity and then sought a home in Ohio, 
coming to Fairfield county with his brother, 
Daniel. They located in Madison township, 
w here he engaged in the coopering business 
for many years, being a thorough and expert 
^vorkTnan. Sulisefiuently he turned his at- 

tention to the shoemaker's trade, which he 
followed for eight years in Madison towr.- 
ship. anti on the expiration of that period 
engaged in farming, owning and operating 
a tract of land in the same township. About 
thirty years agf>, however, he sold that farm 
and purchased a farm of one hundred cre.s. 
in H<Kking township, upon which lie has 
since made his home. He erected' a large res- 
idence here and has one of the most desii-a- 
ble and attracti\'e homes in this portion of 
liie state. He has carried on fanning and 
contract work, and as the years have passed 
his urn-emitting toil and well directed labors 
iiave Ijrouglit to him creditable success. 

Mr. Hyde was married in Madisoa 
township, Fairfield county, to Miss Susan 
Dmclore, ancli uiito them were b^.-rn four 
children. Francis Marion, tJie eldest, mar- 
ried ]Miss Haas, and resides in Hocking 
towniship, where he follows contracting and 
farming. Julia Ann is living in Madison 
townsliip. Samantha is the widow of Jesse 
Lysinger, who was a blacksmith of Hock- 
ing townshl]), and has one child. M:argaret 
Ann is the deceased wife of Edward Haas. 
\\ ho has also passed au a}-. Their hon-ie was 


in K-iiisas. The iimther of tlieso children 
died rdKut thirty-tue yearj. ai,ni and Mr. 
Hyde afterward wedded Mrs. Lottie Raitz,- 
the widow of Frederick Raitz, who by Iier 
first riarriage had three children, namely: 
Frank, who is n' -w sheriff of r^airfield comi- 
ty; Henry, who is eng"aged in the drug bus- 
iness in St. Louis: and Saniantha, the wife 
of Clarke Gritty, a resident of Clear Creek 
township, by whom she has four daughters. 
By the second marriage (^f Mr. and Mrs. 
Hy<le four children have been l>orn : Clay, 
■who is clerking' in Lancaster, married Jes- 
sie, the daugliter of Samuel Haldenuaii; 
Oscar is at home ; John is aigaged in the 
grocery business in Columl)Us; anil Gertie 
Ellen is also at home. 

Mr. Hyde Imlds meinlirrship in the Re- 
formed church, in which he has scr'i'ed as 
trustee for many ye^u's. He votes with the 
Democracy, but has never sought <;r desired 
public oflicc, preferring to devote his atten- 
tion to his business afl'airs in which he has 
prospered. In tliis criuntry where opportun- 
ity is open to all men \\\\i> desire advance- 
ment and are not afraid h'> work, he has 
gradually w c»n success and to-day has a 
comfortable conLpetence which supplies liim 
with the comforts that go to make life wx>rth 
li\ing. His career has e\er been honorable 
and straigiitforward, and in the evening of 
life lie can lrH»k back over the i>ast without 
regret and forward to the future without 

B. A. THOMAS, M. D. 

Although Dr. Thomas is a regular med- 
ical practitioner and has a comprehensive 
knowledge of the science of medicine and 
its uses, lie is making a specialty of sur- 
gery, and in this branch of the profession 
has manifested particular skill and ability, 
thereby gaining a large and lucrative prac- 
tice. He was born in Reading township. 
Pern," county, Ohio. August 22. 1835. His 
father. Jesse Thomas, was born in Rocking- 
ham county. Virginia, in the year 1801, 
while the grandfather of our subject was 
Aaron Tliomas. a native of Wales. He 
had three brothers and the davs of his b<3v- 

hood, youth and early manhood were spent 
in his native country. He there owned a 
tract of land, but the government beat him 
out of it and becoming disgusted with the 
governmental methods there he resolved to 
establish his home in the "land of the free." 
Accordingly he crossed the Atlantic and 
•took up his abode in Virginia, where he was 
married to Rosanna Parrot, a native of the 
Old Dominion. They became the parents 
of six children : Jesse. Evan, Samuel, 
David. Jacob and Mrs'. Andrew Morrow. 
Afterward Aaron Thomas came with his 
familv to Ohio, settling in Fairfield county. 



B. A. THOMAS, M. D. 

^5 '7^ 

,a J»S,y&AMOHT A 



wliere he i)urcha^ecl three hundred and sixt\' 
acres of land. For a nuni1>er of years he 
was successfully engaged in agricultural 
pursuits, the riclily cultivated fields bring- 
ing li> him gOLxl crops. He found a ready 
sale on the market, so that his financial re- 
sources steadily increased. He also Irecame 
interested in the I^tncaster Bank and was 
a prcMuinent factor in business circles in an 
early day. His political sujiport was given 
tlie Whig party. 

Jesse Thomas acquired his education in 
Rockinghan: county. Virginia, and in the 
schcxols of Rush Creek township, having 
been brought by his parents to Fairfield 
county when a lad of eleven years. Sub- 
sefjuently he engaged in teaching school for 
a number of years in an old-time log school 
house common in frontier districts. He 
also worked upon his father's farm and 
continued agricultural jnirsuits there until 
the time of his death, which occurred when 
lie was eighty years of age. He engaged 
in the raising of a go<">d stock of cattle, 
hogs and sheqi and this proved to him a 
gratifying source of income. In his relig- 
ious convictions he was a Presbyterian, 
lo!ig holding membership with the church. 
He married Miss Elizabeth Miller, a na- 
tive of Ohi(\ and they became the parents 
•of six sons and six daughters: Matilda, 
the wife of Peter Buriff: John F.. who is 
living half a mile north of Rushville; ^Mark, 
■who died in AMnchester. Virginia, in 1864. 
from wounds received at the battle of 
Cedar Creek: Isaac, who resides north of 
Oak Tliorpe: the Doctor; Joab F.. a resi- 
dent nf Rushville: Elizabeth, the wife of 
Ed. Thompson : their home being near Bre- 

men, Ohio; Jane, who became the wife of 
Jamc> McXaughtou, of Columbus, and is 
now deceased; Catherine, deceased wife of 
Clint Kcllemiau; Samantha: Sarah Ann, 
deceased; and David S., a dentist in Som- 
erset, Ohio. 

Dr. Thomas acquired his early education 
in the district of his native town- 
ship and later pursued his studies under 
the direction of Charles Xourse. f>f Somer- 
set. He began reading medicine with Dr. 
John Xourse, of Lancaster, and iu 1864-5, 
was a student in the Starling iledical Uni- 
versity, being graduated in that institution 
with the class of 1869. He was the orator 
at Columbus, during the last year of the 
Alumni Association. A most thorough and 
painstaking student he has always continued 
his reading and investigation and is a physi- 
cian of broad knowledge, who is very ac- 
curate in diagnosing cases and in applying 
the correct remedies that should aid in the 
restoration of health. At the same time he 
gives his attention largely to surger)' and 
is most successful in that branch of profes- 
sion! work. 

On the loth of September, i86r, the 
Doctor was married to Miss Ella Rissler, 
a native of Fairfield county, Ohic>. Unto 
them have l>een Ixirn four children, of whom 
three }'et li\ing: Eva. now the wife of 
Professor Fess, of Ada, Ohio: Minnie, the 
wife of Charles E. Basore, of Columbus; 
Ed H., also a resident of the capital city, 
and Jesse R., deceased. 

At the time of the Civil war the Doctor 
manifested his loyalty to his country by en- 
listing in Company F, Captain James 
Stinchacomb's company, for three months' 



service. Tie tni)k ])art in several skirmishes 
in \'ir!:^inia and wa-, discliartred on the loth 
i*i A'j^qust, iS()i. (in tiie e\[)iratiiin of his 
term. Xot content, ]i>nvever, witli the 
period of service he had .i;iven liis ci-nnlry, 
lie recruited a compan}- and went out with 
the Si.\ty-sec<ind Olii.) Infantry, gn'mg to 
Cumberland, Maryhuni, over the F.aUiniore 
& Oliio RaiiniaiL ftc took part in the liat- 
tles of W'incliester. Key Cross Roarls, aud 
liis command went to the rehef of McClel- 
laii, afterward returning- to Yorktown, and 
thence to Suffolk. He rose to the rank of 
captain and was lionorahly discharged on 
the 2Sth of June. 1S63. on account of disa- 
bdity. While on l)oard a vessel witli his 
regiment, sailing from Mo<jrehouse Inlet, 
North Carolina, to Hiltonhead, South Carc>- 
lina, the Doctor con\eived the idea of 
cooking by steam. Tlie plan was tried and 
proved a success. Later the other vessels 

adopted tlie same method and to-day the 
same pn>cess is used in many of our large 

lie is now a memlx-r of the Cran<l Army 
of tlic Repuljlic. and of the Loval Legion, of 
Cincinnati. He is also connected with the 
Odd Fellows Society at West Rusiivilie, the 
Masoiij^lodgc of Rusliville and the Kni^^iits 
of Maccabees, of Rushville. He has also 
taken the Knight Temiilar degree in ^la- 
sonry, belonging to tiie commandery at Lan- 
caster. In politics lie is an earnest Repub- 
lican, and for four years he served as presi- 
dent of the pension l^^ard under President 
Harrison. He has a!so 1x?en chairman of 
tiie county committee and has l>ecn earnest 
and able in pronioting the growth and wel- 
fare of his party. His religious faith is in- 
dicated by his membership in the Presby- 
terian church, in which he is now serving- 
as an elder. 


If every young man tlioroughly under- 
stood and l>elieved what wise men and 
philosophers are always ])ointing out — that 
success ahnost never comes to any one with- 
out great and persevering effort, a multi- 
tuiie of faihires in bfe wi uld lie averted aud 
the world wdidd be a much ha]i]iier place 
than it is to-day. In countless thousands of 
instances, especially in the United States, 
where men are rated at their true personal 

wi>rth. poor boys have risen to places of 
prominence and influence because they were 
not afraid of work, and hard work, too. and 
l)ecause they were actuated by the commend- 
able ambition to do something and be some- 
thing worthy of the resjject i^f all mankind. 
Althougli Mr. Wetzel entered upon his 
business career in the hmiible cai)ac;ty <'i a. 
clerk, be has for almost twenty years been 
numbered amonir the merchants of Lan- 


caster and is now one of tlie leadiny pre- 
scription druggists of the city. His lumic 
has always Ijeen here wlierc he lirst opened 
his eyes to tlie Hght of day, cm the i_nh of 
Octol>er, 1S49. 

His i)areiits were Jacnl> and Elizabeth 
(Welker) Wetzel, buth of whom were na- 
tives of Baden, Germany, where they were 
reared io mature years and niarried. Be- 
lieving that they might have better business 
opportunities in the new w-rld, they at 
lengUi tixik ]iassage on a saihng vessel 
bound for the port of Xew Yi rrk. On land- 
ing in that city they at once made arrange-, 
ntents to continue their journey direct ti> 
Lancaster, where they made a permanent 
location. The father conducted a meat 
market for about four years and thcTi estab- 
lished a hi>tel. being proprielc-^r of what was 
known as the William Tell Tavern for three 
years. On the expiration of that period he 
purchased a tavern which he named the 
^yetzel Tavern. This he successfully con- 
ducted until his death in 187S. Our subject 
has in his possession an apphcatii^i made by 
his father in 1853 ^'^ conduct a hotel. This 
is signed by a number of the citizens of the 
third ward, all of whom are n<:>\v deceased. 
He was widely and fa\-orab1y known among 
the early settlers and took a deep and active 
interest in promoting pul)lic progress and 
improvement along lines of substantial up- 
building. His wife, surviving him for many 
years, passed away in h>l>ruary. t8c>8, at an 
advanced age. In tiieir family were three 
sous and two tiaughters. Ge'irge H. l)eing 
the eldest. The others are L(_iuisa, the wife 
of Henr_\- Sn}-der; Catharine, deceased: Ja- 

cob; and Henry, a resident of Dallas, 

The childhoiKl and youth oi our subject 
were passeil in a manner not unlike that of 
most boys of the period. He enjoyed the 
pleasures of the playground and perfi.rmed 
the duties (vf the sclioolrocni. and after ac- 
quiring his elementary education in the [lub- 
lic schools he attended a private scht-'l. He 
prepared for hi> business career as a sales- 
man in the drug store of Slocum & White. 
^\'ith whom he remained for three years, 
during which lime he thoroughly mastered 
the luisine-^s. Subsequently he was em- 
]>loyed in different drug stores until 1883, 
when, with the capital which he ha<l ac- 
quired through his own well directed efforts 
and economy, he began business on iiis ow n 
account, his store being located on the Hill- 
side, where he is now well established, 
carrying a larg^e and well selected stock of 
drugs and medicines obtained from the l>est 
known and most reliable manufacturers. He 
makes a specialty of carefully compounding 
l)hysician"s prescriptions and does the lead- 
ing business in this line in the city. He has 
lieen actively connected with the drug trade 
fnMn 1867 until the present time, covering a 
l>eriod of over thirty-five years. 

In June. 1876. Mr. Wetzel was united 
in marriage to Miss Naomi Boi>e. M Fair- 
field county, a daughter of Colonel Jacob 
Boi:>e. \\-ho was <me of the pioneers of this- 
county. Her father was twice married ami 
prior to the time he married Miss Essex he 
wedded Miss Bury. Mrs. Wetzel was a na- 
ti\e of this county and by lier marriage be- 
came the mother of tw(j chihlren. but. 



Charles E. died on the 3d of July, 1899, 
aged tweiTty-oiie years. Lena Leota is at 

In his political views 'Mx. Wetzel is a 
■stalwart Repulilican and lor two years he 
served as a niemher of the city council, rep- 
resenting the third w.ard. one of the strr>ng- 
est Democratic wards in the city of Lan- 
caster, heing the second Republican elected 
therein during the past forty years. His 
election certainly was an indication of his 
persona! popularity and the ciTiifidence and 
trust reix)sed in him by his fellow towns- 

men. Mr. Wetzel belmgs to Lancaster 
Lodge, Xo. -^j. F. & A. M., the Chapter, 
Xo. II, R. A. M., and the Royal Arcanum. 
He is living on East ^Lun street at Hillside, 
one of the best residence districts in the city. 
Li business he has achieved success through 
hoiioral.ile effort, initiring industry and 
capable management, and in jjrivate life he 
has gained that warm personal regard which 
arise? from true nobility of character, defer- 
ence for the opinions of others, kindliness 
and geniality and a f^trict adherence Vn the 
principles of right and justice. 


James M. Steward was for a number of 
years engaged in promoting educational in- 
terests in this part of the state but at the 
present time is devoting his attentimi to 
farming and is one of the practical and pro- 
gressi\e agriculturists of Bloom township. 
A son cf Charles and Sarah (Kuntz) Stew- 
ard, he was Ix^rn on the 15th of March, 
1S41, in this county. His parents Avere 
both natives of Pennsylvania, coming to 
Ohio fpim Lehigh. Bucks county. Tlie fa- 
tlier ti:i_:k up his alx>de in Pickaway cainty. 
Ohio, in 1837. and there engaged in farm- 
ing, but after one year he removed to Fair- 
field county, settling in Amanda township, 
where he si>ent his remaining days, liis death 
<x:curring in 1S84, when he was eighty-five 
years of age, iV>r he was born in 1799.. His 
wife died in 1876. at the age of se\'enty-two 
Tears. L'nto them were born fifteen chil- 

dren, ten of whiMu are now living, namely: 
Lucy Ann, the widow of Jeremiah Ziiuring 
and a resident of Delaware, Oiiio: Thc-mas, 
a farmer living in \'an Wert county. Ohio; 
Hannah, the wife 1 >f Josepli Christian : Will- 
iam H., a resident of Clear Creek township. 
Fairfield county ; ^Lar\- Ann. the wife of 
Xathaniel Donor, also of Clear Creek town- 
ship; Lewis Wilson, who is living on the 
old homestead in Amanda township ; 
Susana, deceased ; James ]\I., of this re- 
view; Sarah, at home; Charles, a physician 
of Ashville, Ohio; and Samuel, a resident of 
Stoutsville, this state. 

James ^NL Steward pursued his educa- 
tion in the public schools near liis home and 
at the age of twenty-one years went to Illi- 
nois, where he remained for t\vo years He 
then returned and entered the Fairfield 
Union Academy in 1869, completing a 


course there. He al->(i mairiculaled in the 
We.sleyan University, where he completed 
a cinirse in 187::. l'>ir a nuniUer of xears 
he was a promoter (jf etJucaiiitiial interests 
in this stafe. He began teaching- in the dis- 
trict schools while still pursuing his own 
education and has been in charge of the 
schools of Adelphi, Koss county, where he 
remained for five years or until 1878. The 
following }ear he accepted a position in 
Lancaster and for se\en years was super- 
intendent of the North school, while in 1885 
he became ])rincipal of the schools of Basil, 
Ohit.>, and in 1886-7 continued at that place. 
In 18S7 he took up his abode upon his pres- 
ent farm in Bloom township and it has been 
the family home continuously since. Air. 
Steward was wideh- recognized as a most 
efiicient promoter of educational work, his 
instructions being given clearly and force- 
ably and never failing" to leave its impress 
ujjon the minds of the children. He was 
also a g(XH:l disciplinarian and his efforts 
were efficient in promoting the intellectual 
welfare of the community with which he 
was associated. 

On the jyth of December, 187J. Mr. 
Sieward was united in marriag'e to .Amelia 
iJuinuick, a daughter o-f Benjamin and 
Minerva (A-hbrook) Dunnnck, of Picka- 
way ci'Unty. Ohii_>. Their marriage h;us 
liceu blessed with the fnllowing named: 
Charle> ?>., of Bl( ti:)wnship. who is a 
graduate of the Ohio Stale University;. 
Sarah Alinerva, deceased; James C. who is. 
now pmsuing a course in the State Univer- 
sity ; EtTie E., who is a student in the same 
in-iitution; Lewis M.. (irace and Florence 
M., who are yet untler the parental rcvof. 
The family have a pleasant hi.nie upon ^.Ir. 
Steward's farm. He is engaged in the rais- 
ing of ftill blooded stcrck. making a specialty 
of short-horn cattle and Poland-China hogs, 
and has had some \"ery fine cattle on his 
farm. He takes a deep and active interest 
in matters of public welfare and has served 
as local school director. He has read ex- 
tensively and thought deeply concerning the 
tinancial C[uestions of the day and gives his 
political support to the Democracy, while ii^ 
religious faith both he and his wife are 


A fine farm comprising one hundred and He was born on the I4tli of March. 183;. 

sixty-four acres of land in the township of in the township wiiich is still his home, and 

Clear Creek is the property of Jonas Con- represents one cf the old families ox this 

rad, who IS numbered among the substantial county. His paternal grandfather. Daniel 

agriculturists of this portiim of the state. Conrad, married Esther Root. He was l)onv 



ill Maryland i.f ( ierniaii jiarentage and re- 
sided in that state until SeptendK'r, 1805. 
when lie caiiie w itli his family to Ohio and 
rented a tract if land in Clear Creek timn- 
ship. Fairiield county. Throu.tilu.ut his re- 
nniining days he carried on farminci' and 
st(.ck-raisint^' here. jnuchasiuiT a farm which 
as the years jjassed leturned to him a <^o!den 
tribute for his ca'T and labor ljest(j\ved upon 
the tieliK. He died when he was seventy- 
ti\e }ears of a.sje. respected and honored l>y 
all wlni knew him. 

Henry Conrai!. the father of f>ur sub- 
ject, was l.orn in W'ashingti >n county. Mary- 
larid. on the iNtii of August. 1801. and in 
jSo; wa- l.r'night liy his jiarents to Ohio, 
settling- in Clear Creek townsliip. Fairfield 
county. He remained u[!'on the home place 
for some years after his n-arriage and then 
removed to a farm wiiich his father owned 
in the neighhorlnuid. Tliere Henry Conrad 
e^arried on agricultm-al pursuits, and the 
\vell tilled fields hnaight to him golden har- 
vests. He put all the improvements upon 
tlie place ai^d under his superx'ision tlie work 
of the farm was carried on imtil his deatii, 
\vhich occurred when he was alm'>st ninety 
years of age. h'e was a Dem»x-rat in his 
ixjjitical views in early life, but afterward 
became identified with t!ie Republican party. 
His religious belief was m hanr.on\- with 
teachings of the English Lutheran church. 
A house of worship belonging to that de- 
nomination was I'.uilt uiK)n a part of his 
farm, he giving the land to the church as- 
S(x:iation. In the years of his early man- 
hoo<l he was united in marriage to Miss 
JSarah Walters, who died April 18, two 

xeais pirirr to the death of her husband. 
She was born in I'ennsyUania and was 
brought to Ohio when eleven years ( f age 
by her father, Frederick Walters, who f. r 
UKUiy years resided in thi- county and was 
(rtie of its sul/Stantial and respected citi;;ens. 
Mr. and Mrs. Conrad became the parents 
of ten chikh-en. six of whom are yet living: 
]{zra. a re^dent of Clear Creek ti wushii): 
Priscilla. the wife of Kli O.nrad. whose 
hotue is in Stoulsville. Ohio; Jonas, of this 
re\iew ; Wesley, w'ho is li\ing in Kansas; 
Henry and Martin, who are residents i.:f 
Clear Creek township. Those who have 
passed away are Car. line. Sarah and Cor- 

Jonas Con.rad remained u-pon the crld 
hon-e farm unlil iie was twenty-one years of 
age. During that time he gained broad and 
practical experience cr^ t'le b-est 
methods of cultivating the soil and caring 
for stock. When he had arri\ed at n>an's 
estate he started out on his own account, 
remo\'ing to ant:ther farm which his father 
owiied and which b.e ( perated for about two 
years. He then, took up his alx>de u[> ni a 
farm owne>l by his uncle a;i(l made it his 
home for two years, after which he rcmo\ed 
to the farm upon which he now re,>iile.. 
The niiost of the ini])ro\ements upon this 
l)lace are the wnvk of Mr. Conrad and the 
buildings stand as an evideuce of his life 
of industrv-, his progressive spirit and enter- 
prise. He has placed all f>f lii> land under 
the highest state of cultivation and in addi- 
tion to the hi nie farm he has a fifty-acre 
tract of timlier land. 

At the time of the Civil war Mr. Con- 

.. ... :■•:;! 
.. .' v.: l-'.ri- 


rail juined the Uiiii^ii army fur one humlreil 
da_\"S service as a nier.ilKT ^\i (r>>mi>any I. 
One Hmiilred and Fifty-ninth Regin:ent of 
Oln'o \"()lnn:eers. He was staiii ned in the 
eity ..f Ilahmi. •■^. >I:M-ylan'l. anJ at th('cl)S-; 
cf his term was discharj^ed ar Zancsville. 
Ohi... He iiel.Higed t.. the Grand Army ct 
the KeiHihhc until the post was a;)and. ned> 
in Atnaiula. In ]>ivhlics he is a Kejaildican. 
Init has never sought or ilesired office, al- 
though in the character of a private citizen, 
he \\ithli'>lds hi^ supp.ort mo\eineni 
or measure tending to contril.nite to the gen- 
eral go<>d. 

In 185J Mr. Conrad was unite 1 in 
riage to Miss Susana Canipl-.elt. who \va< 
horn in Madison tc>wnship. Fairfield co.unt\. 
a daughter <^i Christopher an.d Mary ( Def- 
enliaugii) Campbell. Fler father was a 
.-hingle maker and died in ffocking town- 
ship, while her mi;:ther's death occurred in 
jiadison township. ]\Ir. Cam])bell wa- 
al;MUt sixty years of age at the time of hi.■^ 
demise, while his wife reached the allotlc! 
sjKm of three score _\ears and ten. Unto 
.Mr. and Mrs. Conrad have been born twelve 
children, nine of whom are still living: 
Malinda Elizabeth is the wife of William 
H. Moore. I'f Clear Creek township. They 
had thirteen children — Frances. Laura F... 
Flmer, Lillie. ni>w deceased. Sallie. Grace, 
Denver. Walter. Cora, also deceased. 
C hauncey. Orion. Carrie and 'Raymond. 
Louisa Jane, the wife of Daniel Sixingler, 
a, resident fanner of Amanda t<.)wnship. ha.s 
four children — Harley. Leslie. Harr\- and 
Raymond. Martin Luther, who is a caqjet 
weaver of Amanda. Ohio, married Laura 

Clark, and unto tliem ha\e Teen born h\ e 
children— Russell, Rupert, Denver, who is 
fiece.-LScd. Gladys, also,, and Marie. 
William Henry is a resident of Pickaway 
county and f...llows farming in Walnut 
townshi]!. He married Xancx Waites, and 
they had one chibl who died in infancy un- 
named. Sallie Ann is the wife of John 
Waites. of Madison oamty. Ohio, and their 
children are Ik-.-sie. Myrtie. Scott. Mona 
anrl Clarence: and W'infield Scott, who died 
at tlie age o.f twenty years, eight nii.nths 
.and ten days. Clara Belle died when ab ait 
two years <:ld. Perry El.-wc rt!i. a farmer, 
died al.Miut si.x years ago. at the age of 
thirty-two. Cornelia Ellen is the wife of 
Williant E\eland, of Amanda township. 
Charles U.. \\hj\ is now thirty-two years of 
age, resides at In :r.e and assists his father in 
the o-peration of the farm. Stella :\I. is the 
wife of Charles Sjiangler and they reside 
up' n. their father's fann. They have one 
child, Xellie Edith. Liilie .May is the wife 
of Hi>mer Evelaiid, a resident farmer of' 
Madison county, Oh.i..>. and their children 
are Harold and \'erlo. All of the children 
of Mr. and Mrs. O'urad were b^rn in Fair- 
field county. He has rericlied the age of 
seventy-one years but is still actively con- 
cerned in business afTairs, and is a worthy 
and respected citizen wlio co-operates in all 
mo\ements and measures calculated to ad- 
vance the general good. His life has been 
quietly passed upon the farm, but his record 
is well worthy of emulation, for he has been 
loyal in citizenship, honorable in business 
and faithful to the ties of friendship and 



'The histm-y of a slate, as wfll as that 
of a natinii, is cliiclly t'lie chronicles of the 
lives and deeds of those who have c inferred 
honor and dignity upon s^.ciety. The world 
judges the character iif a Cdiiinuinily hy 
those of its representative citizens, and 
yields its trihutes of admiration and respect 
for the genius of le<arning or virtues of those 
whose works and actions constitute the rec- 
ord of a state's prcisperity and pride: and 
it is this record that offers for our consid- 
eration the history of men. wh<i in their 
characters for probit}- and benevolence, and 
the kindly virtues, as well as for integrity 
in the affairs of life, are ever affording to 
the young worthy examples for their regarti 
and emulation. Therefore it is proper that 
a just celebrit}- sh'jtild be gi\en to those men 
who are distinguished in their da_\' and g'en- 
eratiorb, that the living may enjoy the ap- 
probation of their contemporaries, as well 
as that of a grateful posterit}'. 

Colonel Hite is descended from a long- 
lived family, his father, Samuel Hite, hav- 
ing reached the ad\anced age of ninety- 
seven years, while his mind is still appar- 
ently as clear as that of the ordinary man at 
the age of tifty. He is numered among the 
native sons of Fairfield cr>unty, his birth 
having occurred upon a farm near Pleasant- 
ville. No event of special Importance oc- 
curred to vary the routine of farm life for 
him in his }Outh. He mastered the branches 
of learning taught in the public schools and 
at the age of nineteen began teaching in 
the village of Pleasantville. having charge 

i-if the school there through four successive 
winter terms, and so remarkable was his 
success as an instructor, that the patrons of 
the schiiol increased hi.> monthly salarv far the amount paid to other teachers of 
the time in that county, in order to 
retain his services in the schuo.l. His 
work as an educator an<l in behalf of 
the young has been of the greatest im- 
portance and lienelit. .Alan's worth in the 
world is determined, not by the wealth 
he acquires, hux. by what he has accom- 
plished for hi^ fellow men. and in this re- 
gard Colonel Hite may well be accounted 
successful, for his labors have been far 
reaching and beneficial. He was largely in- 
strumental in building the Fairfield Union 
Academy and became the secretary and a 
inember of the first board of directors of 
that institution. In 1865 he was elected 
colonel of the l^xirth Regiment of Ohio 
^lilitia and was commissioned bv Gi>vernor 
David Tod. He was c^uite successful in 
his farming o])erations, which he carried 
on for a number of years, but in the fall 
of 1868, on account of failing health he 
abandoned agricultural pursuits and re- 
moved to Lancaster, where he became an 
acti\-e factor in commercial circles, purchas- 
ing the book store of Tuthill & Rigbx'. 
Through the two succeeding years he en- 
joyed a large and profitable business in that 
undertaking, but on the expiration of that 
period he sold his store and l)ecanie an equal 
partner of the Ohio Eagle printing office, of 
Lancaster, being associated in this enter- 





prise ^vit!l Tliomas W'etzler. Tln\>ii,ijli tlie 
succeeding h\c years lie was ideniitied with 
journalistic interests and then .-^-.Id lAit tvi 
his partner. 

Colonel Hitc became an active repre- 
sentative of public business, in i^y },. when 
he was elected auditur of I'airheld county. 
He filled that office through two success- 
i\'e tenns, at the close of which the Hon. 
James Williams, auditor of state, presented 
him unusually flatterin.g testimonial 
for the neat manr'^r in which he made his 
reports to the st;'"e and for his accm'acy in 
office. In April. 1878, he was elected su- 
l>eriinendent of what was then tcnown as 
the Ohio Reform Farm near Lancaster, un- 
der the adiriinistration of Governor Rich- 
ard M. Bishop. During the latter part of 
the administration of Governc>r Charles 
Foster in the fall of 1883. he was again 
elected, and once more, in April. 1884, at the 
beginning of Governor Hoadley"s term of 
service. In 1890 lie was once chosen 
to the office tinder the administration of 
James E. Campbell, his incumbency in that 
institution covering a period of six and one- 
half years. Xo more capable official has 
ever occupied the position. Cc>lonel Hite 
instituted many improvements and mea.s- 
ures for the benefit of the institution, where- 
by the condition of the inmates was much 
iinproved. He looked lieyond the exigencies 
of the moment to the possibilities of the fu- 
ture and labored to instill into the minds of 
the inmates princif)!es that would help them 
to become active and useful citizens in life. 
It was through his instrumentality that the 
name of the institution was changed by legis- 
lative act from the Ohio Reform Farm Xo 

the Roy's Industrial School. He introduced, 
in adilition to the trades already taught 
there, brick making and masonry, cabinet 
mnking, telegraph}-, stenography and print- 
ing. On the 15th of November, i88.t. he 
issued the tir>t editi(_»n of the lioy's Indus- 
trial Scli'.K.l Journal, tlie present paper pub- 
lished at the institution and the first paper 
of its kind in the United States that is still 
in existence. It was through his reo'.m- 
mendation that the telegraph and telephone 
lines were built from Lancaster to the school 
in 1878 and it was by his direction that the 
inmates were first taught regular niilitaiy 
tactics. lie was a fa\orite with the boys.. only on account of his progrcssi\-e ideas, 
but his just d.ealing and intere^t which he- 
trxik in them. He left the impress of his 
indi\ iduality ujion many a life which has 
I)een benefited through his efforts. 

Since lea\ing the Boys' Industrial 
Schi-K)l. Colonel Hite has devoted much of 
his time to journalism, for which he has a 
strong preference. His labors have also re- 
sulted in the perfecting c>f a system of his 
own. known as the Equitable System for 
conducting building and loan companies,. 
and for his plan he holds a copyright from- 
the United States go\-ernment, taken out in 
the year 1899. He is the present secretary 
and a director of the Equitable Savings, 
Loan & Building Company of Lancaster, 
Ohio, which is founded on this system and' 
is now doing a reinarkably large and suc- 
cessful business. 

On the 23d of September, 185J. Mr. 
Hite was united in marriage to Miss }k[ary 
Miller, a well educated and highly cultured 
voung ladv, and this union has been blessed 



I>y one sc-n. \vh<> srraduatcd witli his^Ii Imh- 
ors at N'ale College in June, wliu 
fnr tlie past seven years lias liel.l and is still 
linldintr the imi)* .rtaiit i>.i::iti'n oi chief of 
tlie drafting department in the United 
States pateat ctVice at Was'iungton. Dis- 
trict of Columbia. 

Colonel Hite is a zealous Odd Fellow, 
having been identified with the order since 
1851. He has passed the chairs in the 
subordinate and encampment lixlges. has 
taken the past grand degree of the former 
and the degree of past patriarch in the lat- 

ter. In September, 1874, he became a char- 
ter member of Columbia Lodge, Xi>. 27, 
Knights of Honor, was its first rqjresenta- 
tive to the grand lodge of Ohio, and twice 
sii;ce then has been elected its representa- 
tive and is the present incuml)cnt of that 
office. Colonel Hite stands among those to 
whom the W(jrld is indebted for an uplift- 
ing influence. He is a man of strong pur- 
pose, of sterling worth and broad humani- 
tarian principles, and the wjrk that he has 
accomplished has won him liig'h encom- 


■ For almost one-third of a centur}- Will- 
iam Barr has resided upon his present farm 
and is a representative of one of the hon- 
ored pioneer families of the county, his 
grandfather having come to this p<:>rtion of 
the state when Lancaster contained but two 
bouses. Through all the intervening years 
the F.arr family have been well known fac- 
tors in the work of public progress and im- 
provement, and their labors have resulted 
largely to the benefit of the community. 
Thomas Barr. the paternal grandfather. 
■vvas a native of Ireland, and after leaving 
that ccuntrv for the United States he took 
up his alxide in Ohio, making liis home on 
the present site of Lancaster, which at that 
time was a mere hamlet, containing two 
bouses and giving little promi>e of future 

development and greatness. Throughout 
the years of his active life Thomas Barr 
carried on agricultural pursuits.. The land 
which came into his [K)>scssion was wild 
and unimpro\ed. but his unrauitting dili- 
gence was the means of transforming ic 
into an excellent property. He reached the 
extreme old age of ninety-se\en years and 
left to his family not only a handsome com- 
petence but also the priceless heritage of an 
untarnished name. 

Thomas Barr. the father of our subject, 
was reared amid the wild scenes of frontier 
life, sharing with the faniil}' of all hard- 
shi])s and toils as well as many trials inci- 
dent to the settlement t.f a new district 
which is cut ofY t'onn the comforts of civil- 
ization b\- long stretcher of forest or of 



plain. He was bnrii in Fairfield ct-unty un 
the uld luMueste-ad in Amanda tnu-nship, 
and with the e\ce]Hii n of one year spent 
upon a farm in Clear Creek township, he 
never left the to\\'nship> in which he was 
1)orn. He was a cocipcr by trade and fol- 
lowed that pursuit for eight years. After 
his marriage and during the greater part 
of his life liis untlivided attentirm was gi\en 
to agricultural pursuits and u, the raising 
of stcnrk. He became the owner i>f lour 
"hundred acres of valualile lantl, part of 
which was in Pickaway county. His in- 
dustry was manifest by his unremitting at- 
tention to his fields and as the years pased 
his land became very rich, attractive awl 
valuable. For twelve years be filled the of- 
fice of township treasurer and was county 
commissioners for si.\ years, discharging 
his duties with markeil promptness, ability 
aud honor. He voted with the Democratic 
Ijarty and it was upon that ticket that he 
was chosen to positions of p<.:>litical prefer- 
nient. His reHgious faith was indicated by 
his tnemt>ership in the Baptist church. He 
died at the age of eighty-four years in the 
tillage of Amanda, where for a number of 
years he had lived retired. In early life 
he had wedded Hannah Myers, and her 
■death occurred when she was seventy-eight 
years of age. She wias a native of Pennsyl- 
\ania and when about ten years of age was 
brought by her parents to Oliio, the family 
making a settlement above Cedar Hill, in 
Amanda township. Mrs. Barr became the 
mother of thirteen children, of whom the 
subject of this re\-iew^ was the tliird in the 
order of birth. Seven of that numl:)er are 

still living. The father was one of the 
greatest marksmen e\er in this C(^uiUry. His 
record is seven centers, in succession, which 
record was ne\er bmken by an cffliand, 
o;:er.-sight shorter at fort}- yards. 

William Barr. whose name introduces 
this record, was born on the 5th of March', 
1S38, (.n the old farm hi.mestead in Amanda 
townshi]). In retrospect one can see him as 
a little fanner boy making his ,way to the 
district schoi>! of the neighborhood or as- 
sisting in the work of the field and meadow 
as his strength permitted. He continued 
up<-in the old homestead until after his mar- 
riage, whai he started out in life independ- 
ently, renting a farm in Amanda township. 
There he remained for five years, on the ex- 
piration of which time he purchased his 
present property in Amanda township and" 
for thirty-two years has made his home 
thereon. Within the lx)undaries of his home 
are comprised one hundred and fifty-two 
and one-half acres of rich land. In addi- 
tion to the cultivation of the crops best 
adapted to this climate he is engaged in 
raising stock. He has made all the improve- 
ments upon the place, including the erec- 
tion of a substantial farm house and other 

It was in the year 1862 that :Mr. Barr 
led to the marriage altar Miss Margaret 
Greiner, the wedding being celebrated near 
Lancaster. Tbe lady was a daughter of 
Henry F. and Mary Ann (Gorman) 
Cireiner. Her father was a native of Ger- 
many, and when only three years of age was 
brought to the new world by his parents, 
who first located in I'ennsvlvania, but after- 


ward reniDxed tn.un the Key>t('He state to 
Ohio and Itccanic a resident of Lancaster. 
Tlie father of Mrs. IJarr was a st(::ne cutter 
h\ trade, fullov. iiiy that jnirsiiit fur a num- 
ber of year?. Me afterward engaged in 
teaching in the piilihc schools of Lancaster, 
lie ched at the cumparativcl}' early age of 
thirty-nine years. Tlie home of our sub- 
ject and his \\ife was blessetl with ten chil- 
dren : Clara is li^ ing with her parents. 
Frank S.. who owns and operates sixty 
acres of land in Amanda township, adjoin- 
ing' his father's farm, married Cora Belle 
\\'illiamson, a daughter of Henry William- 
son, of Lancaster, and tliey have three chil- 
dren : Alviii, Ruth and Floyd. George re- 
sides above Cedar Hill, Amanda township, 
where he is engagerl in the tilling of the 
soil. He married Alice Peters, a daughter 
of the Rev. Robert Peters, a min'ster of the 
Baptist church, now in Pickaway count}-. 
Their children are Emil, Lester, Rol)crt and 
Altx^rt. ?vlary, the fourth member of the 
family, died at the age of twenty-nine years. 
Nora is at home. Nellie died at the age 

of three years. Florence is tlie wife of John 
Solt, of Pickaway county, where he follows 
farming, and they ha\c one child. Harry. 
Fannie. Harry and l^rederick are still un- 
der the parental roof. All of the clnldren 
were Ixirn in .Amanda township and pur- 
sued their education in the public schools 
of that locality. On May 30. IQ02. Mrs. 
Barr was called to the home beyond. She 
was an earnest Christian woman and was 
a lo_\al member of the Pre.-byterian church 
of .Amanda. 

]\lr. Barr exercises the right of franchise 
in support of the men and nreasures of the 
Demr:cracy. but the honors and emoluments 
of office have no attraction for him : yet 
as a citizen he is deeply interested in every- 
thing pertaining to the general goo<l. He 
belongs to the Presbyterian church of Aman- 
da, and for ten or twelve years has served 
as one of its deacons. His personal char- 
acteristics are such as to win for him the 
friend.ship and regard of all with whom he 
has been brought in contact. His life has 
ever been honorable and upright. 


Almost a century has passed since the many places that the sunlight could scarcely 

Click family was established in Fairfield penetrate through the leaves and the 

county. At that time the work of progress brandies. The streams were unbridged and 

and improvement had scarcely been begun there were few wagon roads. The settlers 

here. The forests stocKl in their primeval made their way through the forests by 

strength, the trees growing so dense in means of the old Indian trails or blazed 



paths. Into this wililemts.-. came the Click 
family, eslablishiug a hi me on the 
and bra\el_\" enduring all the hardships and 
trials incident ti> pioneer life. The grantl- 
father. Philii) Tdick, came to Bloi.-m towu- 
shii) in 1S07 and entered gnvernment land, 
securing a sectiL>n or more in Fairfield and 
Pickax^'ay connties. He then returned to 
Pennsylvania, where he was taken ill. dying 
.at Harrislnu'g when ah. -ut seventy years of 
age. He was a native of France and on 
emigrating from Alsace to the new world 
first ti'ok up abode in .-Mlentown. Penn- 
sylvania. His widow in the foll'nving year, 
1808. came v.itl; Jonathan Glick, the father 
of our subject, and the other of her children 
to Fairfield county, \vhere her husband had 
entered land and spent her remaining days 
here. In the family were seven sons and 
five daughters. Jonathan Iwing the eleventh 
in order of birth. All the brothers lived to 
a gix")d age. Thev were John. Philip. 
George. Jacob. Peter. Henry and Jonathan. 
"Of this number George was the grandfather 
^ of Governor Glick. of Kansas. 

Jonathan Glick was born in Lehigh 
comity, Penns_\"lvania. and was but a b<~iy 
wlien he accompanied his mc»ther to his 
P'airtield duiity home, the family .settling in 
Bloom townsliip in the midst of the wilder- 
ness near what is known as the Glick church, 
a house of worship l)el()nging to the Lu- 
theran denomination. Jonathan GHck be- 
-came a member iif that church with -which 
he was identified the remainder of his da}'s. 
taking an active and helpful part in its work. 
Fie was anxious to enter the army to serve 
in the war of iSrj. but owing to his vouth 

he was not allowed to go. However, he 
went to Penns}-lvania and. worked his way 
into the army as a substitute for his brother 
Philip. .Alter the war he remained in Penn- 
sybania until his marriage and then again 
came to P.loom township, in i8rS, purchas- 
ing the farm up. ^n which our subject now 
resides. He brought his land under a high 
state of culti\aiion, transf<irming it inti* a 
-\aluable farm. For his service in the war 
of 1812 he received a lan.l warrant by which 
he acquired one hundred and si.\ty acres of 
land. He was a modest, unassuming man 
but was resi)ected for hi> stability of char- 
acter, his enterprise and his reliability. He 
died in Octol>er. 1866, at the age of seventy- 
three years. He had always been an advo- 
cate of the Denn/cracy and was a firnt l>e- 
lie\er in its principles. In early manhoo-d 
he married Catherine Kerschner. who was a 
daughter of Jeremiah Kerschner. a resident 
of Lehigh county, Penn.-)l\-ania. who re- 
mo\-ed to the west and tr:ok up his al>ode in 
Bloom township, Fairfield county, where he 
si)ent the greater part of his life. His wife, 
who lx)re the maiden name of Catherine, 
died in BliHMit township at the age of eighty- 
sIk years. It was her daughter, a name- 
sake, who became the wife of Jonathan 
Glick and the mother of our subject. She 
died in iS8j in her eighty-sixth year. By 
her marriage she had eleven children: 
Aaron. Jonathan. Elias, Ruben and Xathau, 
all deceased: Manasseh : .Sarah, the widow 
of Jacob S<.ilt; Caroline,. Lucy S. and Julia 
Ann. twins, and Catherine, all of whom are 
now deceased: and Le\ina. the wife of 
Emanuel Snvder. 



Manassch dlick, \vliu~e name intnuliices 
this record, pursued lii^ educati':;n in the 
common scli<x>ls, in llie hi.qh scIi'hjI of 
Lithofwlis and in the Capital I'niversity in 
Cokmibiis, Ohio. lie afterward engai^ed in 
teaching, beginning that profession in 1S52. 
He followed it for eight consecutive years 
in the comnrun schools of Fairfield county 
and also si>ent one' term as a teacher in Bar- 
tholomew count}-. Indiana. In 1862 he was 
marrieil and settled upon the farm upon 
which he mnw resides and to the develop- 
ment and cidti\-ation of which "he has since 
dcNOted his energ-ies. His business career 
has bceU' one of imtiring actixity and his 
resolute puvprise and utillagging enterpri.^e 
have enabled him to win creditable and 
gratifying success. 

On the 4th of Oecemlier, i86j. Mr. 
Click was united in marriage to Eliza J. 
Hartnian. a daughter of George and Bar- 
bara (Fellers) Hartman. the former a nati\-e 
of Berks county. Pennsyl\-ania, and the lat- 
ter of Fairfield county. Ohio. Her father 
came to this county in his boyln kxI and was 
numbered among the pioneer settlers of the 
conimunity who assisted largely in the work 
of -public progress and substantial upbuild- 
ing. His f)olitical supix^rt is given the 
Democracy, but he ne\er sought or desired 
office. He passed away in 1895. in the 
eighty-third year of his age. and his Avife 
died in 1878. at the age of sixty-five. They 
were the parents of the following najned ; 
Valentine: Susana : Eliza ].: Mary; Will- 
iam; Mary, the widow of Samuel Runkle: 
Catherine.' the wife of David Klinger. 
of and Mr^nroe. also a resident of 

the same >tate. The home of Mr. antl Mrs. 
Click has Ix-en blessed with several children, 
namely: Mary Catherine; Jonathan M. ; 
Lucy 1-dlis, the wife of George Shullz, of 
Kansa's; George T. ; Charles W. ; and Loa 

Mr. Click has been lionored with a num- 
ber of local offices. In 1863 he was elected 
justice of the jicace and filled that ix'sition 
for twenty-one consecutive years and then 
after ai-i interval Avas again the incumlient 
of the ofike from 18S1 uiUil 1S84. What 
higher testimoi-iial of his cajiability and 
fidelity could be given? He ser\-ed for one 
term as township clerk, for several terms as 
township trustee and in 1S97 ^^"''S elected a 
n-ie;nl:;er of the infirmary board, in which 
capacity- he is still serving. Hi; public 
career is on* which has gaineil fi r him the 
highest respect by reason of his loyalty to 
the trust reposed in him. He has always 
voted with the Democratic party and is a 
firm belie\-er in its prir.ciples. He now 
holds his first commission as notan- public 
for a term of nine years. He has settled 
many estates, ha\-ing had more than thirty- 
six estates in prol>ate court, and that he has 
l)een choseu for this duty is certainly an in- 
dication of the confidei-ice repcjsed in him l)y 
his fellow men. In 1S63 he was commis- 
sioned captain of the state militia, his com- 
pany being composed of residents of Bloom 
township. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the (ilick church. It is under the 
direction of the Ohio Lutheran Synod of the 
fifth English district. Mr. GHck aided in 
Innlding this church and his assistance and 
co-operatioi-i ha\e ever l)een given to alt 



ine.'iMires lor tlie general good along social, from Ijoyln^od are minilicreil air.oi-.g liis 

material, intellectual and moral lines. His Avarmest Iric-udb. is an evident indication 

entire life has been passed in Fairfield coun- that his career has ever been upright and 

ty, and that many who have known him lionoral>le. 


The state of Ohio, with its pulsing in- 
dustrial activities and rapid de\elopment. 
has attracted within its conlines men of 
marked ability and high character in the 
vari(.)us jirofessional lines, and in this way 
progress has l>een ccmserved and social 
stability fostered. He whose name initiates 
this review has gained recognition as one of 
the able and successful physicians of the 
state, and by his labors, his high professional 
attainments and his sterling characteristics 
has iustifiefl the respect and confidence in 
which he is held by the medical fraternity 
and the local pul>lic. 

Dr. Charles E. Reese was born in Hock- 
ing township. Fairfield county, upon his fa- 
ther's farm. Octolier 14. 1S57. and repre- 
sents an old family of Pennsylvania. His 
paternal grandfather. Maurice Reese, was 
lx>rn in Washington county, of the Key- 
stone state, and about 1799 renro\ed io 
Fairfield county, settling in tiie midst of the 
forest west of Lancaster. He married Miss 
Hannah Meek and they l^ecame the parents 
of twelve children, including Isaac Reese, 
who was U>rn in. Hocking town-hip. Fair- 
field coinitv. in 1812. Fie was one of the 

prosperous farmers of the neighborly "'d, 
successfully carrying on agricultural jiur- 
suits in his native township for many _\ ears. 
He married Miss Susan Guitner. whi> was 
born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, in 
1S22. and when eight years of age removed 
with her parents. John and Gertrude Guit- 
ner. to Fairfield county, the family settling 
in Berne township, where the father and 
mother spent their remaining days. Mr. ami 
Mrs. Reese reared a family of several chil- 
dren, namely : George W. and Isaac X.. 
l>3th of whom followed fanning: Charles 
E.. of thi^ review: Francis M.. wh<> is a 
farmer: Almeda 'SL. the wife r.f Daniel 
Murphy, of Lancaster: Jennie, the wife of 
Frank Smith, an agriculturist; and Faimie 
M., who wedded Samuel Childs. of Rush- 
ville. Ohio. Year after year the father de- 
voted his energies to agricultural pursuits 
and the w ell tilled fields yielded to him giMd- 
en returns for the care and labor he be- 
stiiwed upon them. He was a man of de- 
cision of character, fearlessly upholding his 
honest convictions and his many sterling 
traits won for him the esteem and warm 
regard of all with whom lie came in contact. 



His political snpij^jri was i^iven the Rei)ul> 
Jican party and mi ihat ticket he was elect-' 
•ed ti> several niiiii-r ottices. llis death cc- 
<-tirred in iS8(). and his wife died in i8<_>2. 
Bnth were devoted nieinhcrs of the German 
Lutheran church. 

Dr. Reese, whose name forms the 
caption (if this article, spent his youth in the 
usual manner of farmer lads, taking his 
place in the fields at the time of early sprint; 
planting- and assisting in the cultivatiion ot 
the 'cn.jps until after the autumn harvest. 
In the winter moiuhs he attended the district 
schi lols and later became a student of the ]>ul)- 
lic schools in Lancaster. Afterward he cor:- 
tinued his education in a private school for 
three years and then entered upon the study 
of medicine, reading under the direction of 
Dr. Harman. in Lancaster. He further 
continued his studies in the Ohio Medical 
College C'f Cincinnati until he was graduat- 
ed M ith the class of 1SS5. 

Dr. Reese then came to I^nca-ter. 
where he opened an C'tTice. and steadily he 
has worked his way upward in a profession 

wiierc proniiftion comes in rec(\gnition of 
broad learning and superior skill. He has 
ever kept in touch with the advanced 
thought and discoveries of the day bearing 
upon his practice and is quick to adopt any 
new methods which he believes will assist 
him in checkii>g the ravages of disease and 
restoring health. 

In 1877 was celebrated the marriage of 
Dr. Reese and Miss Jennie D. Mdler, of 
Lancaster, a daughter of David R. and Isa- 
bella (Gallagher) Miller. The Doctor lie- 
longs to Mt. Pleasant Lodge, Xo. 48. K. 
of I'. For seven years he was physician 
for the Boys' Industrial School. In man- 
ner he is a genial and affable gentleman, 
and the sunshine of his own nature is a 
potent element in a sick room where any- 
thing depressing has a detrimental influence 
and all that is bright and enlivening acts 
in the opposite way. His prominence in 
the profession is the result of earnest lalwr 
and capability, and the public and the med- 
ical fraternity ackni:'wledge his worth as a 
citizen and as a physician. 


In pioneer times the Spangler family was lowing only an old Indian trail. Dense in- 
established in Fairfield county. This was deed wiis the growth of the native trees 
largely a frontier region when the grandfa- and much c.f the land was still in possession 
ther of our subje-^t took up his abode here of the woodmen. ha\-ing- not been claimed 
and he often was forced to make his way l>y early settlers for the inu-pose >^i culti- 
through fore^ts unmarked by any road, fol- ration. Henry Spangler. the grandfather. 

f^^^^fim $mm ^ ^^ '4 ^l^^^ . 

4 I. . 



mis^m ^''^\^m^'i>t^^^m'iitms^m 







■was born ii> Pennsylvania, and ahr.ut 1S04 
settled in Pickaway county, Ohio, where he 
built a log- cabin and thus pro\-ided a home 
for his family, but after a short time he 
came to Fairfield ci-nnty and took up his 
home in Clear Creek township, purchasing 
land from the g"o^•ernmenl and dexeloping 
there the farm upon which our subject now 
reside-, the deed for same being signed by 
Thomas Jefferson and dated 1809. Xot a 
furrow had been turned or an improvement 
made when it came into his possession, but 
with cliaracteristic energy lie began to clear 
away the trees and soon the wcKidman's ax 
awakened the echoes of the f(:>rest. The 
bru^h was hauled a\^•ay and burned and soon 
the shining plow made a track across the 
cleared fields. As the years passed the land 
became very productive and the grandfa- 
ther prospereil in his undertakings. He 
made his home upon this farm until his 
death, which occurred when he was about 
se\-enty years of age. \\'ell does he deserve 
to he remembered among the honored and 
valued pioneers who aided in reclaiming 
this land and laid broad and deep the 
foundation for the present development and 
prosperity of Fairfield county. 

Jeremiah Spangler. the father of our 
subject, was born in Berks county, Pennsyl- 
vania in 1803, and when five years of age 
accompanied his parents to the Buckeye 
state. Here they resided about five years, 
at the end of which time they returned to 
Pennsylvania. There they lived until 1S13, 
when they again came west. Early Jere- 
miah Spangler became familiar with all the 
hardships and trials incident to a life in 

the frontier. He was also inured to the 
arduous labor of developing the new fann, 
but the [iraclical e.\[>eriencc which he gained 
enabled him to engage in farm work on 
his own account veiw successfully in later 
lite. He contimied upon the old homestead, 
dcvnting his energies to the cultivation of 
the fields and the raising of stock. His last 
years were spent in rest from labor, and he 
reached the extreme old age of ninety-three 
years and two nicmlhs. He was largely in- 
strumental in building the first Evangelical 
church of Tarlton. erected in the earlv part 
of the nineteenth century, In the days of 
his early manho<:>d he was united in mar- 
riage to Elizabeth Bresler. who passed away 
some ye.ars prior to the death of her hus- 
band. In their fann'ly were six children, 
but only two are miw living: 'Mr. Spangler, 
of this review, and Anna, the wife of 
Charles Bevens. of Columbus, Ohio. 

John B. Spangler opened his eyes to the 
light of day on the old family homestead 
which had been entered by his grandfather, 
and in the country schools near by he pur- 
sued his education, sitting upon a slab seat, 
his feet resting up<:>n a puncheon floor. In 
one end of the log building was a huge fire- 
place, which threw out a strong heat, warm- 
ing the little building unless the cold of the 
winter penetrated through between the 
chinks in the logs. At farm work Mr. 
Spangler recei\ed a liberal training, for at 
an early age he took his place behind the 
plow and the sun shone down upon many a 
field which he culti\-ated. In his youth he 
remained upon the old homestead until he 
attained his majority, when he startet! out 



to fami on his own accnunt in tlie same. 
to\vnshi[). He secured a trad of laii'l. whicii 
he cultivated for teu or twelve years and 
then returned Uy the old hoine-tead in order 
to care for iiis fatlicr, wiio was feeling the 
infirmities of age. 

In iSr>4 Mr. Spangler joined the boys 
in blue. He left lor a three months' serv- 
ice at the fn;nt, becoming a member of 
Company K. Seventy-eighth Ohio Volun- 
teer lnfantr\", in which he ser\ed until the 
close of the war. He was wounded near 
Goldsboro, North Carolina, and received 
an honorable discharge at Washington. 
after whicli he returned td his native 
count)- and has since resided in Clear Creek 
township. Tiie hinise which is his home 
was built by his lather, but he has made 
many improvements upon tlie place and now 
has a comfortable home. 

Air. Spangler was married iir 1862 to 
Susan Parks, who was Ixirn in Hocking 
county, a daughter of Perry and Xancy 
(Cupp) Parks, her father Lieing r>ne of the 
early settlers of Hocking county. In 1S74, 
however, he removed to Illinois anil subse- 

(|uently tn. ,k u[) his aiiode in Texas, where 
Ins death occurred. Farming was his life's 

Mr. and Mrs. Spangler became the par- 
ents of four children. Clara is the wife of 
of Arthur Eck, who is engaged in the res- 
taurant business in Clyde. (Jhio. Edward 
marrie<.l Lena Wolff and is a farmer of 
Amanda township. .Mary died at the age 
of eighteen years. Ida J. became the wife 
of ]\larion Noggle, a farmer of Oakland, 
Clear Creek township. She died at the age 
of twenty-five years, leaving a little daugh- 
ter, Edith Aha, who is now attending 

Mr. Spangler vrites with tlie Demcfcratic 
party and has never sought or ilesired office. 
He is a member <>f the United Brethren 
church anl lives a cpiiet, but honorable life 
that commends him to the esteem and con- 
fidence of all with whom he has been asso>- 
ciated. He owns and occupies a fanxi of 
one hundred seven acres of rich land in 
Clear Creek township, and its systematic 
and practical cultivation results in bringing 
to him desirable success. 


Eighty years, during the uKfSt pn^gress- 
ive century- of the world, overs tlie earthly 
pilgrimage of Philip Macklin. Wonderful 
changes have occurred during that pericxl 
and he has taken a deq) intere-t in the 

progress of the world, hearing his part In 
th.e improx-einent of ihe c.suniy which he has 
long claimed as his home: in fact, he is one 
of the nari\e sons of Fairlield c.:unty, his 
l.;irth having occurred in Plea.-ant township 

:VA M: j\\v,vr\,<o\n aire 

i. -;.'! 



on the f^th of Decein1>er. 1823. His 3)areiits 
were I'eter and Susanna (Ci>uklin) Mack- 
lin, both of whom were natives of Pennsyj- 
vania. Tlie paternal grand fatlier, Phihp 
Mackhn, can-.e to Ohio in 1805. and married 
Miss Miller. On leaving the Keystone state 
he came with his family to Fairfield county, 
Ohio, settling in Pleasant township, where 
he spent the remainder of his days. He 
purchased one hundred and sixty-lhree acres 
of land from the government, paying the 
usual price of one dollar and a quarter per 
acre, and upon the tract, then wild and un- 
improverl. he placed many evidences of his 
progressive .spirit, the land being well cul- 
tivated, while good buildings were erected 
and all the equipments of farm life known 
at that day added to the place. .\t length 
death came to him and his remains were 
interred in Sigler cemetery. In his family 
^vere the following children : Peter, Betsey. 
Sallie. Maria. Susan, one child deceaseil, 
Jacob and John. 

Peter Macklin, the father of our subject, 
was about twelve years of age when he ac- 
companied his parents to Ohio, his birth 
occurring in Berks county, Pennsylvania, 
and there he had remained until he remove^;! 
with the family to the Buckeye state. He 
lived upon the old homestead, assisting in 
the work of the fann, until his marriage and 
then removed to a farm on section 16, Lib- 
erty township, purchasing eighty acres of 
land, to which he afterward added from 
time to time until within the l^undaries of 
the fann were ci>mi>rised three himdred and 
twenty acres. Well did he earn the true 
American title of a self-made man. He had 

no one to assist him in his start in the busi- 
ness workl, and. dci)entling upon his own 
rcM.iurces, upon indefatigable energy and 
economy, he gaintnl a start and as the years 
passed prospered in his undertakings. Unto 
him and his wife were Ixjrn twij children: 
Polly, will" becaiue the wife of David Harter 
and is now deceased, and Philip, .►f this re- 
view-. The nvither died when our subject 
was only six weeks old, and Mr. Macklin 
afterward married Barbara Doomy, by 
whom he had six children; Amos, a resident 
of l.ilierty township: Sarah, the wife of 
David Schenck, of tlie same township; 
Maria, who died in Indiana; Sophia, the de- 
ceased wife of John Andergg, of Liberty 
township: Selena, the wife of Da\ id 
Weisner, of Indiana; Samantha, the de- 
ceased wife of Jiihn Andergg. of Liberty 
and Carc>line, who is now Mrs. Sinuns, a 
widow living with her brother Philip. 

When his mother died Phihp Macklin 
w as taken to the home of his grandparents, 
by whom he was reared. He was educated 
in a log school house in Pleasant township 
and assisted in the work of the old home- 
stead farm throughout the period of his boy- 
htrod and youth. He was twenty \ears of 
age at the time of his grandfather's death, 
after which he continued to carrs' on the 
farm frir his grandmother until she died, 
when he was twenty-three years of age. He 
then removed to the farm which he now 
"X'cupies in Liberty township, taking up his 
alwde there in September, 184.S. It has 
since been his place of residerice, covering 
a ])eri(Kl of mure than half a centur_\'. In ad- 
diti(;n to this property he i>wns three lots in 



the village of and six shares ia 
tlie Easil cemetery. 

In 1N47 Ml'. MackHn was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Sarali RiK_Iab.iugh, and to 
iheni tliirtcen chilih'en were horn, eight of 
whwni st'll sur\ive: Peter, a resident of 
Pleasant ti.wnship. Fairfield county: Perry, 
wh(.) is living with his father: Arvilla, the 
wife of John r)reeher, of Columbus: Susan, 
the wife of Samuel ^^lauger, of Liberty 
township: Polly, the wife of Charles Reese, 
of Basil: Octavia. the wife of Henry Weis- 
3ier, of Pleasant township; Geia. the wife of 
Daniel Alt, if L,iherty t.wnship: Ahneta, the 
wife of Isaac Maslin. who is living in Lick- 
ing cuunty. r)!uo: Mrs. Martha >bintgun:- 
ery, deceased: \'ictorine. the wife of Henry 
Smoke: Selena, the wife i-f Lewis Slieer, of 
Illinois : Sarali Ann, the widow of Henry 
Yager: and one that died in infancy. The 
mother of this family was a meml^er of the 
Reformed church and died in that faith. 
After the death of his first wife ^Ir. ]\Iack- 
lin married Mrs. Jane Feeman, and they liad 
one child. Charles, who is now deceased. 
After the death of his second wife Mr. 
Macklin wedded ]\Irs. Susan Saliday. wlic 
is also deceased. A devoted and faithful 
■ntember of tiie Reformed church, !Mr. Mack- 
Hn has Iwrne quite an active interest in its 
upbuilding and growth and ha? served as 
trustee, deacon and elder. In politics he is a 
Democrat and has filled the" office of town- 
ship trustee for fmir years. He is now liv- 
ing a retireil life. Tlirough a long pericnl 
he was activeh- connected with agricultural 
interests in this county, but with advancing 
years he put aside business cares, which are 
now assumed b\- his son Pern.-. He is now 

almost eight\- years of age. but is a hale, 
hearty man. receiving the veneratinn and re- 
siiect which are his due. 

Perry Macklin. uh,, resides ujx n the old 
family honiotead, was Um\ on this fann 
March 14, 185 1. pursuing his education in 
the township schools. He has always re- 
mained here with the e\cepti.>n of the years 
1876 and IS;;, when he was in Illinois. He 
then returned to Ohin, and has since lived 
with his father and now has the care and 
management of the home ])Iace. He was 
married Deceml^er 11. i8;5. to Miss Sarah 
Snuu-, a nati\-e of" Liberty township, and 
unto them two chi.ldren have been born: 
Ora, the eldest, born Octo]>er j8. 18;^, pur- 
sued his preliminary education in the towit- 
ship schools, but afterward studied in the 
high school of Basil. Fie was married Au- 
gust 30, 1893. to Miss Charlotte Fitzer, who 
was bom in Creenfield township, and thev 
1-iecame the parents of four children, two of 
whoni are n._.w deceased, while the living 
are Hilo Fae and La Vanlie. Ethel Fern, 
the younger child of Perry iMacklin. is with 
her parents. The father carries on general 
farming and stock raising with good suc- 

The subject of this review, Philip Mack- 
lin. his son Perry and his grandson Ora are 
all members of the Masonic lodge in Balti- 
more, and belong to the Order of the East- 
ern Star, together with the wives of the son 
and grandson. In their lives they are true 
to the teachings of this fraternity, which is 
based upon mutual helpfulness, kindliness 
and charity. They are familiar with the ten- 
ets of the craft and are ver}- loyal to its prin- 
ciples, being accountefl \-aIued members of 


the organization witli which they are identi- 
fied. The faniily are al^.i inenil)er> of the 
Reformed chnrcli and I'erry i^ serving as its 
trustee. Macklin, liis son and grand- 

son are likewise advocates r,f the Democ- 
rac\'. anrl the famil\- sustains an luiassailable- 
reputation fi r all that is creilitahle in man- 


W'ilham J. Hunter, now living a retired 
life at 403 East King street. Lancaster, was 
horn on the T5th of Marcii. 183S, five miles 
west of that city in Hocking townshiip, 
'Fairfield county. He represents one of the 
old families of this portion of the state. His 
paternal grandfather, James Hunter, was 
born in Pennsylvania and acquired his early 
education in the scliools there. He after- 
ward removed to A^irginia and in 1799 he 
came with the Reese brothers to Ohio, be- 
fore the admission of the state into the 
Union. Here he entered a grant of land 
and the following year he brought his family 
from the Old Dominion to the Buckeye 
state, settling in what is now known as 
Hocking township., Fairfield county, about 
one, mile west of Lancaster. Tn the fall of 
1799 he was married to ]\Iiss !vlargaret 
Reese, a native of Virginia, and they be- 
came the parents of four children. Thomas, 
James, Hannah and a child who died in in- 
fancy. On arriving in this county ■Mr. 
PTunter had entered one hundred sixty acres 
of land from the government and from the 
wild tract began the deve'opment of farm, 
which, as the vears advanced, became a 

valual.ile property. He engaged in teach- 
ing school for a number of years, being the 
first school master of the county, atid dur- 
ing the summer months his attention was 
given to the work of the fields. After some 
years he sold his first property and bought 
another cptarter section of land at a dis- 
tance more remote from Lancaster. Upon 
the second farnv he spent his remaining days. 
His political affiliations were with the Whig 
partv and in religions faith he was a Meth- 

James Hunter, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born on the old family homestead 
one mile west of Lancaster, the place stand- 
ing near what is known as Hunter's Run. 
His natal day was October 25, 1808. At the 
usual age he entered scho<^l. which was held 
in an old log building in Hocking town- 
ship. Educational privileges then were as 
primitive as the structure which was used 
as a school house, but his training at farm 
work was not meager, and at. the early age 
of fourteen years he began to learn the 
trade of shoeniaking. serving a seven years' 
apprenticeship. He became quite expert at 
the work, however, and when five years had 


passeil was jmt iipcii a salary. He contin- 
ued to follow slioemaking' until his rnar- 
riar;c. at whicli time Ik- renu»',eil to a farm 
and carried on a.gricnltiu-al pursuits until 
iX6_'. when he -oM that jM-nperty and hought 
another tract i^f land three miles north of 
Lancaster. Vrim the time of his marriage 
uiUil his life's lahors were ended he engaged 
in the tilling of the soil and the improvement 
of his farm ami his lahors ])r.)ught to him 
cretlitahle success. As a cop.ipanion and 
helpmate for the journey vl life ]Mr. Hunter 
chose Miss Abigail Gilmore. a native of 
-Licking county, Ohio. Their marriage was 
blessed with eight children : Xancy, the 
widow of Jacob Lamb; Dilihla. the wife of 
Daniel Smith, of Pleasant ti-wnship. Fair- 
field comity ; George, a resident of Bloom 
township; Emily, now deceased; William 
James, the subject of this rexiew : John 
.Amos, who has also passed away: Milton, 
a resident of Illinois; and Mary Jane, who 
has departed this life. The prirents heM 
membership in the Methodist cluu'ch and 
were devoted Christian people, who early 
instilled into the tuinds of their children, 
lessons of industrv and honesty. In his 
])olitical views Mr. '^{unter was a pro- 
nounced Republican and took a deep interest 
in the success and growth f;f his party prin- 

In the cimimon schools of Pleasant and 
Hocking townships. William' James Hunter 
acquirefl his education and afterward en- 
gaged in teaching for two years in a little 
room sixteen by twenty feet. There were 
eighty-five pupils and when a spelling 
iTvatch was held thev would ha\e to stand 

in frc,>nt of cue anntlier, as there was not 
room eni>ugh to st.and in .i single row. When 
twenty-three years of age Mr. Hunter be- 
gan farming and seven years later he jiur- 
chased a farm compi-ising ninety-three acres 
of rich and arable land, which is in a high 
state of culti\ation and is now operated by 
his son Merrill. Mr. Hunter erected his 
residence, which at that time was one of 
the best farm houses in the country. On 
the 1st of Ajiril, 190J, he purchased prop- 
erty in Lancaster, where he now lives, re- 
tired from Inisiness cares. 

In 1860 iKcurrcd the marriage of Mr. 
Hunter and Miss Mary Alice Grier, a na- 
tive of Pleasant township, Fairfield count v, 
and to them have lieen bcrn ten ciiildren, 
of whom seven are yet livin.g: Cora, the 
wife of .S. \\'ard. of Lancaster; Elanch, who 
married Charles Friend, of Richland town- 
ship; Lulu Maud. wIn) married Colson Lin- 
ville, of Last Rushville; Carrie, who became 
the wife of Frank McFarland, of Lancaster; 
John Grier. a resident of Lancaster; }iler- 
rill, on the liome farm; and William Relna, 
also residing in Lancaster. Tlie oldest 
child, G. M. Hunter, spent the last ten years 
of his hfe preaching in the Ohio conference 
of the INIethodist Episci^pal church and died^ 
at the age of thirty-five years. 

Li liis pi>litical \-icws Mr. Hunter is a 
stalwart Repulilican and has firm faith in 
the princi))les of the party as being most 
conducive to good go^venmient. He has held 
a nuniiber of KKal offices, inchuling that of 
trustee and <chool conunissioner. He has 
also been executor and administrator in the 
settlement of a number of estates, and has 


been called upon to act as guardian. 
Tliroiigliout his entire lite he has resided 
in Fairfield county and though his career 
has not lieen marked hy any events of ex- 
citing interest lie has yet been ever true to 

his duty, to every trust rei>osed in him and 
to his obligations ot citizenship, and as a 
W'lrthy representative of an lioni-ired pioneer 
family he well deser\ es mention in this vol- 


Jabcz Hedges was fonnerly connected 
M"ith agi icultural interests in Fairfield coun- 
ty, but is now identified with building and 
■ real estate business in Lancaster. Fie pos- 
sesses the enterprising spirit so tvpical of 
America, has keen insight into business af- 
fairs, is progressive and energetic, and these 
qualities always form the foundation of suc- 
cess along such lines. ^Ir. Hedges has won 
a place among- the substantial residents of 
Fairfield county. 

He is nunill>ered among Ohio's native 
sons, his birth having occurred in Pickaway 
county, up^'vn his father's farm near Xash- 
ville. September 4. iS4r). His parents were 
Samuel and Lticinda (Hutton) Hedges. 
The former was born in Pickaway county 
in 1822, and there was reared to manhood 
and spent the greater part of his life, be- 
coming a pros'perous farmer, who carefully 
tilled his fields, and as the result of his la- 
bors won prr.sperity. He died in Fairfield 
county in 188S. having removed to this por- 
tion of the state a few years prior to his 
deatli. His wife was a native of Green- 
field township. Fairfield county, born in 

1824. The Hutton family was for many 
years ctainected with \'irginia,.but her fa- 
ther, John Hutton, removed to Fairfield 
county. Ohio. Ijecoming one of the pioneer 
settlers here. Unto Samuel and Lucinda 
Hedges were born five children, namely: 
Jabez. of this review: Evylin : C_\nthia: 
Charles, residing in Jasper county. Ii>wa ; 
and Fdson. 

.\ retrospective view of the earl\- life 
of Jaljez Hedges presents lum as a student 
in the \iliage schools of P>altimore. He en- 
joyed the pleasures of the play ground in 
the usual manner of farmer lads of the 
peri>xl. an<l after completing his eilucatii>n 
he engaged in stock business in Perry and 
Fairhekl counties. Subsequently he spent 
some time in Iowa, where he invested in 
real estate, and upon his return to Ohio, 
he settled in Violet township. Fairfield coun- 
t\', where he purchased two hundred acres 
of land, which he still owns. This land is 
now rente<l and the rental materially in- 
creases his income. In 1889 Mr. Hedges 
took up his alxKle in Lancaster, where he 
is engaged in real estate dealing. He has 

.^d^AWH ,:.-'.ciAl 


1 1 \r.aur.H^tV^. ■*'■ :^it-'j!'i .;.;-,i'j 


also erected a miinber of Imuscs, some of 
which he has sdd, while i.lhcrs he rents. 
lie ha> a bruad and accnraie knowledge i>i 
realty values, and keen discrimination and 
judi^-nieiit enables him to make judicious m- 
veslments, whereby his financial resources 
have been materially increased. 

Tn 187S was celebrated the marriage of 
Mr. lleilges and :\Iiss Lydia L. Shaffer, of 
Fairfield county. Ohio, a daughter of Har- 
rison Shafifer, who belonged to an old and 
well known family of this county. Both 
Mr. antl Mrs. Hedges are acceptable mem- 
bers of the First Presbyterian church of 
Lancaster and the hospitality of many o* 
'the best homes is freely extended to them. 
They reside at Xo. 101 1 North Columbus 
street, where they have a fine residence. In 

his iv.Iitical views Mr. Hedges is a Demo- 
crat and while he has never sought or de- 
sired office, he is deejily interested in the 
success of bis party and keeping well in- 
formed on the issues of the day, is able to 
supp-jrt his position by intelligent argu- 
mems. All enterprises which have for their 
objec: the general good of the community 
receive his endorsement and manv have 
betcntcd by his co-operation. His business 
career has at all times been connncndable. 
He has placed his dependence up^n the 
substantial qualities of diligence, persever- 
ance and honesty, and steadily has he 
worked his way upward until to-da\- he is 
the jwssessor of a handsome competence and 
also enjoys the merited respect of his fel- 
low men. 


David Brobst, deceased, was for manv 
years an honored and highly respected citi- 
zen of Fairtield couiU} , Ohio. He was born 
on the loth of March. 1821, in Bloom town- 
ship, where he sixrnt his entire life, and rep- 
resented one of the first families in the 
county. He established the postotSce at 
Marcy and there engagefl in merchandising, 
building up an extensive trade, his patron- 
age steadily increasing as the years passed 
by. He also engaged in buying wool on a 
\er\- large scale. controUing that trade 
through a wide area. He also dealt in clover 

seed ami in the various branches of his busi- 
ness he met with excellent success, his ef- 
forts I>eing attended by a high degree of 
prosperity. In politics he generally support- 
ed the Repuldican party and in religious be- 
lief was a Lutheran, holding memljership 
in Trinity church of Marcy. ^Mr. Brobst 
passed away in 1895, ^^ the age of seventy 
years, and in bis death the community real- 
ized that it had lost oue of its valued citi- 
zens. He was a very active and influential 
man and his efforts ha<l been of practical 
benefit to the communitv as well as ti> hrin- 


4 ■ ^"w 


• v.*-#J. 

' i 


\ -^1^ 


I \^ 

: \:t 

'■ 1 


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■ '^ 1 

i. ■ 




... -;,«>i^ 




self and. family, while li 
times ci.>iisi--teiu \\ith iij>r! 

life was at all 
11 liusinc<s prin- 

ciples ami manly cundnct. 

Mr. Bnil).-t was uxice iiiarrietl. his first 
wife heing- Leigh Culp. anil to them were 
Ixrn eight daughters, namely: .Manerva. 
Malinda. Pauline, lunma. Alice. Sarah, 
Mary and Fannie. On the njth L>f Septem- 
ber, 1876. .Mr. Br(A>st was ur.itecl in mar- 
riage ti> Miss Cilicia Dove, whu was also 
born in Blu<jm township in 1846, and is 
a representative of one of its old and re- 
spected families, being a daughter of Elijah 
and Mary (Small) Dove, the former a na- 
tive of Bloom township and the latter of 
Penns_vh-ania. Her paternal grandfather 
was Henry Do\e. who possessed a most 
Avonderful memc>r\-. The family was found- 
ed in Fairfield ctanity at an early period in 
its development and l>ecame one of promi- 
nence in Bloom township. The jjarents of 
Mrs. Brobst were people of religious con- 
victions and earnest Christians, command- 
ing the respect of all with whom they were 
associated. Mr. Do\-e carried on agricult- 
ural pursuits and was well known in p:j- 

holding a number oi to\ni- 
11 which he discharged his 
ry prompt and faithful man- 

litical circles 

shi[i uftices, 

duties in a \ 

ner. Jrle died in Decemlx^r. 1896. at the 

age of eigluj-four years, having survived 

his wife, who passed away on the ist of 

September. 1884. at the age of sixty-four 

years. She became the mother of fifteen 

children, thirteen of whijui reachci.l years of 

maturity, and ten of the number are now 


Mrs. Brijbst spent her girlbcxxl un<ler 
the parental roof, where she Ijecame fa- 
miliar with the duties of the household. 
Since her husband's death she has conduct- 
ed, the business which he left and is now 
enjoying a gooi.l trade. She carries a com- 
plete stock of merchandise and her earnest 
desire to pleaJe. lier fair prices and giX)d 
business methods have won for her very 
gratifying and creditable success. She also 
has charge of the postoffice. She is a lady 
of unusual ability, possessing business and 
e.xecuiive force as well as the graces of so- 
cial life, which render her a favorite in so- 
cial circles. 


Joseph D. Shuman is extensively en- 
gaged in farming anil stock-dealing, his 
home being on section 2^, Pleasant town- 
ship, Fairfield c(runty. His has been an 
honorable and successful career, liis pros- 

perity coming to him as a direct return of 
his own well directed labors. He was born 
on the 22nd of September, 1851, in York 
county. Pennsylvania. His father. Joseph 
Shimiaii, was also a native of the Ke\stone 



state, Iiis I)irtli Iiaving cctnirred in Cliester 
county on the _Mst of June. TS14. During 
his I., liis parents reni.)ve<! to \'..rk 
C>'unty. Pennsylvania, wliere lie was reared 
anil married, the lady of his choice heir,;;- 
Eli^aheth Deitz. They became the parents 
of six children: ^ilaria, Phoebe and Eliza 
all died in early womanhood: Magdalena 
became the wife of David Spitler. but is 
r.ow decea^ed ; and William Id. died in 

Joseph D., the other meml>er of the fam- 
ily, was reared under the parental roof until 
tifteen years of age, when he left the home 
farm and went to York. Pennsylvania. 
There he learned the carpenter and cabinet 
maker's trade, serving a three years' ap- 
-prenticeship, during which time he gained 
an accurate and comprehensive knowledge 
of the business. The year 1869 witnessed 
his arrival in Ohio. He took up his abode 
in Lancaster and worked at the builder's 
trade for tive years. On the expiration of 
that period he turned his attention to 
farming. At a later date he also en- 
gaged in the butchering business, but after 
eight years he abandoned the latter pur- 
suit and in addition to farming eng'aged in 
"buying and shipping cattle. He is one of 
the largest dealers in live stock in this por- 
tion of the state. On one occasion he had 
five hundred cattle contracted for. these to 
be delivered within thirty 'days. He ajid 
his partner shi]>ped as high as twelve hun- 
dred and tifty-nine cattle inside of sixty davs 
and their business in this line reaches two 
hundred and rifty th'Uisand <lollars annuaUv. 
Mr. .Shuman i- an excellent judge of stixk. 

as well as a progressive and enterprising 
busir.ess man and his efifi>rts have resulted 
in bringing to him a large measure of suc- 

In 1S74 occurred the marriage of Jo- 
seph D. Shuman and Miss Julia :^Iacklin. a 
representative of one of the oldest families 
of this portion of the state. Her paternal 
grandfather, Jacob Macklin, was born in 
Pennsylvania and in the fall of ijc^Qcameto 
Ohio, where with a lantl warrant he secured 
a large tract of land, including a one-hun- 
dred-and-thirty-five-acre farm, which is now 
the home of our subject and his wife. After 
entering this land Mr. Macklin returned to 
Pennsylvania and in the spring of 1800 
came to Ohio, accompanied b\- the Harmon 
and Bonsey families. They arrived in Fair- 
field county and settled in what is now Pleas- 
ant township. Here Mr. Macklin married 
Catlie'rine Foster and they became the par- 
ents of six children : Polly married Ben- 
jamin Huber and Ixith died in Findlay, 
Ohio: Sarah became the wife of Emanuel 
Arnold and they reside on the Maumee 
river, near Grand Rapids, Ohio: Phoebe be- 
came the wife of Benjamin Deitz, a farmer, 
but both are now deceased ; Lydia married 
Eli Shaetter, an agriculturist, and they too 
have passed away; Jesse carried on agri- 
cultural pursuits and is now deceased. The 
youngest memljer of the family was Benja- 
min S. ^lacklin, the father of Mrs. Shu- 
man. He was I)orn on the fann where our 
sul>ject now resides on the uth of Se[)tem- 
ber, 1 82 1. Here he led a quiet, industrious 
life, actively engaged in the tilling i.f the 
soil until called to his tinal rest on the Sth 



day of May, 19 

Frank, a daughter cf Jac" 

was a farmer of Lancaster 


arried Maria lie M. and Gertie Dell, lioth of whom are 
Frank, win; >'>ii'ig' ladies residing at li.inie. The family 
Dtnily. Peni^- is Dnc of prominence in the comniimity and 
the grcle of their friends is extensive. From 
the age of tiftecu year.- ]\Ir. Shuman has 
made his own way in the world and truly 
deser\es to he nuniltered among the honored 
self-made men. for he has placed his depend- 
ence u])on energy, perseverance and indus- 
rhe marriage of our subject and his wife try and tliese qualities have made him one 
been blessed with two daughters; Xel- of the substantial citizens of the community. 

svhania. and was i>t Cicrnian 
l"nt.> Mr. and Mrs. Macklin tliree chil- 
ilren were liorn : Sarah, Cenjamin F.. 
a fanner now residing on section 28, Pleas- 
ant township: and Julia A., the wife of Mr. 


Dr. Fewis has long maintained a lead- 
ing positii-n in the ranks of the medical fra- 
ternity of Fairfield county and is also known 
as a valued, citizen and a man social 
worth is widely recognized. He was born 
in Rushville, in the year 1S34, his natal day 
being the ist of June. His father. William 
Barnes Lewis, was born in Lancaster coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, December 26. i/W- The 
grandfather John Lewis, was born in the 
•eastern part of Pennsylvania, and was of 
Sci;tch-Irish descent. Fie became one of the 
early settlers of Lancaster county and there 
was born unto him and his wife the fol- 
lowing children: Jobn W., Frank, Wilson, 
A\'illiam B. and Eliza Ann. Reinoving to 
Ohio the grandfather settled in Rushville 
at an early day. For many years he kept 
the toll-gate and was a well known figure 
in the public life of this county, his ac- 

quaintance being \-ery extensive while his 
friends included almost all with whom he 
came in contact. He lived to the very ad.- 
vanced age of ninety-tw-o years, and at his 
death the county lost one of its honored pio- 
neer settlers. The father oi our subject pur- 
sued his early education in Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, in one of the old-time log 
schix>l hr>uses, but his privileges were 
not very extensive and his knowledge was 
largely acquired through extensive reading 
after leaving the school room. He was a 
man of good mind and excellent ability. 
In 181S he became a resident of Fairfield 
county. Ohio, settling in Rushville and 
there he met with splendid success in his un- 
dertakings, accunuilating a large capital. 
He was a carpenter, contractor and builder 
and among the residences which he erected 
in Rushville are some which are still stand- 


ino- td-day. Duriiij;- ilie tinaticial iianic ivf 
183U lie loaned iiuich iiKuiey and K><t a large 
aniiuint because <■{ the striiio-encv of the 
time.--. lie made .strenuous eff.-.rts. liowexcr. 
to re.qaai hi.s lost funds and from 184 1 un- 
til 1S44 was eni^a.ocd in the tohacco !.>u>i- 
iiess, meetint;- with creditalile success in that 

In the year 1831, Wihiam Barnes Lewis 
was umtcd in marriage to Miss Susan Cuul- 
son, a native of Pennsylvania, born of 
Quaker parentage. She later joined the 
Methodist church, however, and wa^ act- 
ively identified with that determination for 
many years. Her husliand was a member of 
the same church and both lived earnest. 
Christian lives. Unto them were Wirv\ nine 
children and w^ith one e.xception all are vet 
living: Caroline is the widow- of A. D. 
Fink, and resides in Somerset. The Doctor 
is the second of the family. Lydia is now 
deceased. Louisa R. is the w idow <:.f George 
Flegel. JcMm W. is living in Rnshville. 
Virginia is the wife of George Bonk, of 
Rushville. Frank resides near the town. 
Emma is living in northern Ohio. Susan 
is the widow of Doctor liite, of Thorn ville, 
and is now remarried. I'he father of this 
family built the residence in which the Doc- 
tor is now living, but spent his last days in 
ci residence opp'site which he also erected in 
183 1. In early life he was identified with 
the W hig partv, but subsequently became a 
Democrat. For a-numlx-r oi years he filled 
the office of justice i->f the i>cacc. was alsu col- 
lector, and served for twi> tenns as mayor 
of the village, his political record lieing a 
most creditable one. He was also loval to 

public interests w hen not lilling anv political' 
p<isition and co-operated in every mo\ement 
f.jr the general good along the lines of sub- 
stantial progress. His life was ever hon- 
(jrable and upright and he was found as a 
worthy member of the church and also of 
the Ma<..nic fraternity, which is based upon 
the brntherhoiid of man :md the fatherhood 
of God. 

IV. Lewis of this review is indel)ted to 
the o >mmon-school system of this neighlior- 
hood for the educational privileges which 
he enjoyed. He was a student in the district 
schools of Richland township until he was 
twelve years of age. After that time he had 
no educational privileges, but to a mind as 
alert and recqnive education comes oft- 
times witliout the aid of school instructi.Mi, 
and through reading, observation and inves- 
tigation the Doctor continually added t^ ■. his 
knowledge and has long been recognized as 
a gentleman of more than the average intel- 
ligence. At the age of twelve he began 
working with his- father, with whom he re- 
mained for four years, and then commenced 
teaching school at the age of seventeen. He 
was the teacher of the first high school of 
Rushville. He had a thirst for knowledge 
which he gratified by reading and study in 
the evenings after the work of the day was 
done. .\s an educator he was successful,. 
his methods of instruction being such as to 
impress the minds of his pupils. While 
engaged in teaching he also took up the 
study of medicine, being at that time twen- 
ty-three years of age. For about six years 
he de\ote(l his e\^enings to proper reading 
along that line under the direction ^''i Dr. 

-<\ u 



Hyde, and suh^equcntly matriculated in the 
Cincinnati Ci:!k\<::e .:>l' Meilicine and Surgery. 
In 1869 he ua> examined hy the OliioState 
]\Iedical Sc^ciety. was graduated witli hon- 
ors and liccame an honorary member of the 
societv. The 13oct(^r began practice in 
Perrv cnuntv. In 1867 lie returned to Rush- 
ville. w here he lias since remained. He soon 
secured a large patrcniage and tor many 
years has been the loved and trusted family 
physician in man}' a household. He has 
ever continued a close and earnest student 
of his profession, and lias written largely for 
the magazines, giving to tlie medical fra- 
ternity the benefit of his own investigations 
and kiTowTedge acquired through acti\'e 

In 1 8^8 the Doctor was married to Miss 

P'lora P. Friend, a native i>t Fairfield coun- 
ty. (^!iio. and t(j them ha\e been burn three 
children : \^r. W. G. Lewis, of ^h .nut 
Sterling, this state: P'rank E., who is liv- 
ing in Rushville and is engaged in the gen- 
eral mercantile business: and Ella, the wife 
of A. L. Haker. a resident of I^mca^ter. 
Throughout his entire life Dr. Lewis has 
resided in Rushville. with the exception of 
seven years spent in Perry county. His his- 
tory is therefore largely familiar to many of 
its citizens an<l in the record there are no 
turned down ]>age5. It is a Iwok which all 
may read. Prominent in his profession, 
well liked in social circles, he is now es- 
teemed and honored throughout the com- 
munity in which he has made his home for 
so manv vears. 


William H. Strode is a native son of 
Fairtield county, a valued citizen and repre- 
•sentative ag-ricullurist, and at the time of 
the Civil war was a loyal defender of the 
Union cause. His birth occurred in Hock- 
ing township, on the \~i\\ of March, 1S40, 
his parents being George H. and Rebecca 
(Arnold) Stnule. The father was born 
January 19. 1799. in Berkeley county. 
West \Trgiiiia. and with his father. Edward 
Strode, who was l»ni Xo\eml>er 3. 1764. 
came to F'airtield cr>unty. Ohii-. in 1804. 
The latter was a S(,ni of Jeremiah Strode. 

whi> was a native of \'irginia. where he 
was lx>m July 4, 173^. After arriving at 
years of ntaturity George H. Stnxle mar- 
ried Rebecca Arnold a daughter of Daniel 
Arnold, the wedding being celebrated Sep- 
tember 6. 1829. The following }ear the 
ycning couple removed to Lancaster and Mr. 
Strode entered the tanyartl of his father- 
in-law. there learning the tanning trade. 
After two vears' apiirenticeship he renioxed 
to his father's farm in Hocking town-hip 
and carrial on the tanning business in c -n- 
nection with the cultivation of the fields. 


His life was an acti\e and useful one. He 
alxinddTK'il the tanning; l)usiness about 1S35. 
after which he deNnteil liis entire attention 
to agricultural i>ur>uiis. He liad three 
hundred acres of land which he imprcived, 
thus becoming the nwncr nf cue of the most 
valuable farms in Mofking tiAvnship. Both 
he and his wife were\'iited and faithful 
meanbers of the Mctliodist church. His 
tieath occurred ]"ehruary 5, iSj'x on the old 
farm, and his wife passed away in 1S96. 
For several years liefore her death she made 
her home with her children. Unto Mr. and 
Mrs. Stnxk were lx'>rn eight cliildren, four 
sons and fcair daughters, and of the number 
four are yet living. Thomas, who 
in Ho^:king- tcHvnship. is a farmer and is 
also a director in the FairlieM County Bank. 
James, whik sersed in the Se\enteenth Ohin 
Infantn,- for four years (hiring- the Civil 
uar, was afterward superintendent o\ the 
state house of Columbus, tilling that posi- 
tion to the time of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1900. Elizabeth became the wife 
of Robert D. Cunningham, a farmer of 
Hocking towniship, and died in 1868. leav- 
ing three children: George S.. a lawyer 
of Lancaster; Hairy, a farmer of Hocking 
township: and Laura, the wife of Pascal" 
Shaw, also an agriculturist of Hocking 
township. Kate, the fourth member of th.e 
Strotle family, is the wife of Peter G. 
Crumley, of Hocking township, where he 
follows farming, and tliey have one child. 
Claraice. ■William H. is the fifth in order 
of birth. Rebecca is the wife of Daniel 
CrumJey, a farmer of Hocking township 
and they ha\ e four children : Blanche, 
Cloise. Ralph and Glen. Xancy became the 

wife of Daniel Tfalderman, of Lancaster, 
and dial ]ca\ing li\ e children : Ouida, 
Lotta, George. J.ela and Boyd. George H., 
the y(.iungc.-t member of the family, died in 
1S70 at the age of twenty-four years. He 
was a farmer by occupation. 

William H. Slrcnle, whose name intro- 
duces this record, obtained his early educa- 
tion in the district schools of his ti>wnshii) 
and in his youth assisted bis father ui»n 
the home farm, where he has always re- 
mained. At the time of the Civil war he 
olfcred his services to the government, en- 
listing in ]86.? as a member of Company 
D, Ninetieth Ohio Infantry, with which, 
he served for two years and ten montlis, b.e- 
ing then honorably discharged at Xashville, 
Tennessee. He had been promoted in the 
meantime to the rank of sergeant. He took 
part in the battle of Chickamauga, and in 
all the engagtnnents of the .\tlanta can:paign 
up to and including the battle of Kenesaw 
]\Ioinitain, where he was wounded. He,, 
however, remained in the ser\ice until the 
close of the u ar, but was crvnfinetl in the hos- 
pital during the latter part of the time. Re- 
turning to the north he resumed work upon 
the old homestead and has since engaged in 
general farming and stock raising. owni:ig 
and operating one hundred and two acres 
of the old home farm. He has since re- 
modeled the house and has made many 
other mcKleni and substantial impro\enients 
which indicate that the owner is a progres- 
sixe and wide-awake man. His fields are 
carefully tilled and return to him gi.ilden 
han-ests for his lal)or?. and as the years 
pass he is continually adding to his capital. 

On t!ie JTth of Xc>veniber. 1866, Mr. 

SVAO )•■ 


Str(Kle was uiiiteil in marriage to Mi?; 
Laura J. Fink, a daughter of William ami 
Mary Fink, of I'lcasanl tc>\vnsliii>, both ui 
whom are iiow deceased. Her fallier was 
a fanner and at an early day came to Ohi'i 
from \'irg"inia. which was the state of his 
nativity. Unto Mr. and ilrs. Strode have 
been born four children. Bre/ctta is the 
wife of Edwin Beck, a farmer of Hocking- 
tOA\iiship, and they ha\e three chiklren : 
?ilabel, Ruth and Hilary. JJar\-ey G. trav- 
els for a Columbus firm. Octavia is the 
wife of C. \V. iMcCray, a fanner of Hock- 
ing; township and they have three children: 
Annabel, Leon and Ronald. Mamie, tjie 
voungest of the familv. is tjie wife of Mer- 

rill Hunter, an agriculturist of Pleasant 
townshii). Ail of the children were Ij-rn on 
tlie old hiiuie place, where Mr. Strolc and 
his wife are yet Hving. He is a member of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, Kd' 'nging- 
to Ben Buttenield Post, Xo. 77, of Lancas- 
ter, and thus maintains jjleiisant rekations 
w ith his old anny comrades. In pcJitics he 
is a Rqjublican, and is deeply interested in 
the success c>f the party, but never seek.s 
office. All through his life he has been en^ 
gaged in agricultural pursuits and his thor- 
ough understanding of the busin.ess. supple- 
mented b}- diligence and enterprise ha\e 
made him a cajKdjle and successful agricul- 
turist. . .. >..„ ^^ _-. 


Frank J. BcA-ing, who is successfully en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits, has resided 
upon his present farm since birth. He was 
bom on the 17th of Januarv-, 1851, and is a 
son of George ■\Viliiam Boving, a native of 
Bremen, Gemiiany, born May 5, 1800. He 
had three brothers and one sister, all of 
whom have now j>assed away. In the year 
1848 he emigrated to Fairfield ccauity. 
Ohio, locating- on a farm now owned by hi? 
son, Frank J., in Bloom township. There 
was some liml)er upon the place and Mr. 
Bovii-ig, with characteristic energy-, began to 
clear and develop the land. He had been 
educated in his native city and at the age of 

si.xteen was i)laced in charge of a large farm 
in the capacity of superintendent, sij that: 
his broad experience enabled him tu suc- 
cessfully carry on agricultural pursuits o:i 
liis own account. Fie was twice married. 
In 1833 he -wedded Sophia Pfleging and unto 
them were born four chiklren. all ofwhoni 
are nowi deceased. Tlie mother passed 
away in 1847 and in 1849 Mr. Boving was 
again married, his second union being with 
Amalia Paran, of Wool f Sanger. German}-, 
tlie ceren-iony being celebrated in Lancaster. 
Ohio. Four children were born of this 
marriage, but two of the nuntber are de- 
ceased. Flarry R.. a jeweler of Lancaster, 


being' tlie yoiiiit^cr of tlie living >ons. The 
father tlied May -'5, 1890. after a long- resi- 
dence in Fairhclil coimt}-. during which 
time he won many friends l>y reason of his 
upright character. 

In the district sch(>L)ls of Fairfield comi- 
ty, Frank J. Boving pursued his education 
and his Imsiness training was received upon 
the home farm, where he early became fa- 
miliar with all the duties and lab<_>rs that 
fall to the lot of the agriculturist. In 1879 
he was united in marriage to Di>ra Scliaer. 
a daughter of August Schaer. who 
front Hanovei". Germany, to the I'nited 
States. In 1844 he tiM>k up his alxxle in 
Bloom township. Fairfield county, where he 
lived until seventy-four years of age. pass- 
ing away in 18S6. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name i>f Augusta Fromme. died in 
1890 at the age of sixty-two years. They 
^vere the parents of si.x chiklreii. all 0\ 
whom are yet living, namely: Ida. the 
wife of Justus (jromme. of Lancaster: Mrs. 
Boving: Edwanl G. .who is living in Bloom 
towmship; Frank G.. of X'iolet township: 
Z\Irs. Antonia .Alspach. of Columbus: and 

.\mclia, a resident of Carroll. The father 
was a well educated man and an e.\tensi\e 
reader, keeping well informed on all the i — 
sues and questions (jf tiie day. He held 
miemhership in the Lutheran cliurch. was 
always one i.>f its officers and for a long 
time served as its treasurer. Jrle was a p)))- 
ular citizen owing ti' his genial disixisition 
and relialiility in all the walks of life. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Boving 
was ble.^.-cd with three children, but Atig- 
ust, their first born, liis natal day being Sej)- 
tember 3. 18S0, died in infancy. The otheis 
are Antonia, born Xo\ ember 22. 1886, and 
Louis Walter. lx)rn August 7. 1S90. The 
parents hold membership in the Zion Evan- 
gelical church, of which ^Ir. Boving is 
serving as treasurer. They contribute lib- 
erally to its support and are well known 
people of the community. ha\-ing many- 
friends throughout Fairfield county. In his 
business undertakings ^Ir. Boving has met 
with creditable and deserved success. He 
has realized that industry is the foundation 
of all prosperity and with imremltting dili- 
gence he has carried on his farm work. 


While Samuel A. Griswold did nut at- he who is the subject of this memoir, on ac- 

tain to anv i)o>itic>n of esi)ecial prominence count of his cahn, clear, unhiased judgment, 

or political importance, there was probably his honorable purp>se. his keen msight into 

no private citi;^en of Lancaster who exerted affairs r>f the day and into future po~si- 

a stronger or more beneficial influence than Ij^lities. and his unfaltering fidelity to what 




cf. y^.-^u'^^U,. 



he believeil to lie ris^ht. So flevoted was he 
to family ami friends lliat he has made them 
feel that 

"He was a man. take him for all in all : 
I shall not look upon his like attain." 

Samuel Alexander Griswold was l>orn 
in Columbus, Ohio, Fehruary i8, 1815, of 
Connecticut parentage, and is said to have 
been the first white child born in that city 
■after it was made the state capital. His par- 
ents. Judge Ezra and Philccta ( Cooke) 
Griswold, of Delaware, Ohio, were amon.s: 
the first settlers of Franklin county, the 
Griswolds arriving from Tarififville, Con- 
necticut, in 1803, while the Ci'okes came 
about ten vear^ later. They were married in 
\\'orthington, Ohio, in 18 14. and Judge 
Griswold was one of the firm which founded 
the CMiio State Journal, and l^'th l>ef(Te and 
after this he pul.)lished papers at \\'orthiing- 
ton and Delaware. Ohiii, being at one time 
the owner and pnriM-ietor of the Ga^^ette 
published in the latter city. He died at the 
old homestead in Delaware in 1863. and hi? 
Avife passed awa\- in T!rook!yn. Xew York, 
atjhe home of her adopted daughter, Mrs. 
Lester Rol>erts. sixteen years later. Judge 
Griswold was more than an ordinary man. 
He was a rigid disciplinarian, coni'ing, as he 
dill, from the rugged hut austere Pilgrim 
stock, and principles of honesty and fair 
dealing were early inculcated iii his nature. 
His extreme justice and fairness made him 
"honored by all and his death was a severe 
blr.w to hi-; friends throughout the state. 

When but three years of age our subject 
■was taken by his parents ti> W'orthington, 

nine miles distant fr^m his native city. Dur- 
ing that year he was taught his letters and 
before his fifth year was regularly attend- 
ing one of the private schouls of the time 
and had become a good reader. During his 
sixth year he learned to set type in his fa- 
ther's printing oftice at W'orthington, and 
in another year he was of considerable as- 
sistance as a compiisitor of the paper. From 
thi.^ time on he alternated between the print- 
ing otiice anil [iriwate schools and academies 
of the periixl until his eighteenth year, wheii 
he entered the preparatory school connected 
with Kcnyon College, at Gambier, Ohio. 
Fie completed his text-book education by an 
irregular college course terminating in 1835. 
In 1838 Mr. Griswold became the proprietor 
of the Titfin Gazette, a small sheet which 
had maintained a \-ery unsatisfactory e.x- 
istence for a few years. That paper he con- 
ducted through the memorable cami)aign of 
1S40, which ended in the election of General 
A\'illiam Henry Harrison. }ilr. Griswold 
cmitinued at Tiftin until 1843. 

In January, 1839, he had married Miss 
Ethelyn Kelley, of Delaware, Ohio, and 
they resided at Tiffin until 1844. during 
which time their two eldest children were 
born. In year they remoA-ed to Marion, 
Ohio, where Mr. Griswold took charge of 
the Buckeye Eagle, a Whig paper which had 
just been established by T. P. Wallace and 
of which Mr. Griswold remaineel editor un- 
til about 1849, \vhen the paper was sold. In 
that year our subject was appointed post- 
master of M'arion. under Zachary Taylor, 
and continueil in the office until 1833. In 
that vear he was defeated as a candidate for 


sheriff of Marion county, but \\\ 1854 was 
electeii county ;ui<litor by a majiaity ul two 
hundred and tiiirty-six over ]\!c!iaril W'il- 
son. tlie Demix~ratic candidate, -who liad 
been an invincible candidate fi>r different 
offices lor over thirty years. Mr. Griswold 
had been nominated liy the Know-Xothing' 
]>arty without his knowledge and was 
elected almost before lie knew that his name 
liad been placed on the ticket. In 1.S56 he 
was re-elected and proved a most capable 
officer, and for two years he also served as 
justice of the peace. He was further identi- 
fied with busines.s affairs of Clarion by serv- 
ing for two years as bookkeeper and teller 
in the ilank of Marion. 

The year 1861 witnessed the arrival of 
i\[r. Griswold in Lanca.-^ter. where he re- 
sided ui> to the time of his death. He was 
first employed as sujierintendent of the 
pharotype plate factory owned b> his 
brother, V. M. Griswold. From ^vlay, 
1865. tmtil January, 1866. he was employed 
as a clerk in the quarter-master's depart- 
ment of Sherman's army, at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, under General J. F. B(>\<1. Re- 
turning to Lancaster he purchased the inter- 
est of A. P. Miller in the Lanca.'^ter Ga- 
zette, assuming his editorial duties in Felj- 
ruary, iS66, being dius engaged up to the 
time of his death. For thirty years he ably 
conducted that paper, and after his retire- 
ment there appeared in an editorial the fol- 

''From the day of the appearance of his 
manly and forceful salutatory articles until 
his voluntary relinquishment of the chair of 
editor, in 1896. Mr. Griswold was the Ga- 

zette's guiding' spirit, placing the paper 
U].Mjn its present jjroud and prosperous i»- 
sition as a Republican t^rgan." 

Unto ^Ir. and Mrs. Griswold were born 
four daughters and three sons, and one 
daughter and one son. together with the 
mother, passeil awa_\- sexeral years pri<>r to 
the death of ]\[r. Griswold. The surviving- 
members of the family are Mrs. Ada Sif- 
ford. .Mrs. Clcrgc Haldennan. Mrs. F Kut- 
terfield. of Fostoria, Ohio. S. G. V. Gris- 
wold. who is connected with the Omaha 
World, and H. W. Griswold. Mr. Gris- 
\\old was most devotetl to his family and 
friends, and had a pleasant, genial manner 
which matle him a prime favorite with 
young and old. rich and p(3or. He was very 
promin-ent in public affairs tending to the- 
welfare and contriijuting to the progress of. 
the community. He served as secretary of 
Fairfield county Union party and in June,. 
1866. was a member of tlie Fairfield dele- 
gation of that party in the state convention 
at Columluis. Ohi'r. other deleg-ates being 
H<xking H. Htmter. Colonel John ^F Con- 
nell. C. M. S. Wiseman, C. F. Shaffer, A. P. 
Ashbrcxik, Josiah Flattery. Captain L. Pick- 
ering. John A. Fetters, John A. Hunter. 
He was for many years the secretary of the 
Republican c.unty committee and at the 
convention was the most i)rominent delegate 
in the promulgation of the party's plat- 
He was secretary i;f the Hocking \'alley 
Horticidtural Society for a long period and 
no mrivement or measure calculated to prove 
of general grsnl sought his aid in vain. 

Mr. Griswold died at two o' on 
Sundav moming of the 15th of Octol^er^ 



1S99, after an illness of two weeks. A few 
hours prior to his death he stimniioned the 
members of his faniiiy who were within call 
and told them that the end was near. He 
retained his mental jK^wers to the last and 
when he closed his eyes in the last sleq> liis 
passing away was so' quiet and ]>eaceiul that by his bed.^ide hardly realized that the 
end had come. One whu knew him long 
and intimately for many years and perhaps 
understood his character, his desires, his 
ambitions and his manhood better than any 
other person outside of his own family, 
said : 

"Death has removed from our midst one 
of the best and purest men who have lived in 
Lancaster in the last thirty-dght years. He 
came to us in 1S61, a modest, unknown 
man, in the prime of life, and soon tiX)k his 
place among the foremost and ablest men of 
Lancaster, and throughout his career here 
his modest, unobtrusive life was the admira- 
tion of all who kTiew him. He had known 
Charles Parsons, Edwin M. Stanton and 
President Hayes in his boyhood and was 
their schoolmate, and when these distin- 
gtiished men had reached the zenith of their 
fame he was too modest to make this fact 
known in the columns of his pai>er. The 
hig-h moral character of }ilr. Griswold was 
one of his chief characteristics. In this re- 
spect he was a model for young men — for 
all men. The writer had been his neighbor 
for more than a quarter of a century- and he 
never knew him to be giii!t\- of a mean 
thing or of an act to bring the blush to the 
cheek of any of his friends. His high char- 
acter is now the heritage of h'-s children and 

it will lie forever enshrined in the memory 
and hearts of his friends." 

The Gazette, in speaking of Mr. Gris- 
wold. who was so l(jng an active factor in 
its publication, said: 

".A.S a writer on subjects in which the 
common iieople were interested, and on mat- 
ters of state aiKl national concern, Mr. Gris- 
wold had but few equals. His stvle was 
plain and simple, Imt as clear and forceful 
as pure and puissant English could make it. 
Of keen perception, great analytical powers 
and with nothing but honesty of purjwse 
and goxlness of heart to sway him. his 
judgment of men and measures was iuA'ari- 
ably fulfilled and verified in succeeding 
events and results attained. * * - His- 
character was not one calling for eulog}- on 
account of a brilliant public career: but it 
was one to be held by all who aijc-yed his 
acquaintance and the products of his pen in 
a true regard and abiding remem.brance. for 
the unostentatious influence of a gfxxl and 
pure life. It was not the torrait, madly 
rushing dr-wn the mountain-side, but rather 
the gei-itle river, whose silently majestic 
flow is the attribute of depth and vcjlume, 
and which imparts richness and benelits on 
all sifles as it flows." 

Faultless in honor, fearless in conduct, 
stainless in reputation, such Avas the life 
record of Samuel Alexander Griswold. His 
scholarly attainments, his statesmanship, his 
reliable judgment and his charming powers 
of conversation would have enabled him to 
fill and grace any position however exalted, 
and he was not the less honored in public 
than loved in pri\-ate life. 



Ira .\>liL)ri".k \va< K>rn in Amanda 
township iipvm a farm n. 'tcil tor its well 
kept appearance, l)cing an indication of his 
carefn! ?uper\-Ision and progressive meth- 
od? of farming;. His l)irth occnrreil Ma}' 
i6, -1S5'). and he represents an old \'irginia 
family that was estahlished in Fairfield c am- 
ty when thi-^ sectinn of the state was but 
just emergin«' from primitive conditions. 
His paternal grand father, \\'iniam Ash- 
broi'k, was a native of \'irginia. and in that 
state w edded Permelia Peters, \vhi> was also 
l>jrn in the Old D.^uinio. Thinkinc^" that 
he m!t;-ht provide a better home for his fam- 
ily and more readily acipnre a comfi>rtal>le 
]i\ing' in the newer districts of the west he 
left his X'irginia home atul came ti> Ohio. 
Fairfield cminty lieing his destinatimi. He 
settled in Amanda tt>wnship. acquiring- a 
tract oi wild, unimproved land, and at once 
began clearing away the timber in order to 
cultivate the fields. As the years passed his 
labors bore to him good crops and his finan- 
cial resources were increased.. His home 
was in Amanda township. There, thnmgh- 
out his remaining day>, he carried on agri- 
cultural pursuits, but he was called to his 
final rest at the comparatively early age of 
fortv-fi\e years. Flis -wife, h.-wever, long 
survived him and reachc! the extreme old 
age f>\ ninety-two years. 

.\mong their children was William Ash- 
brook, the father of our sul\iev-t, whose birth 
occurred here on the old fan-.ily lnv.nestead. 
He t. -o became a fanuer. Fiarly in life he 
l>ecame familiar with all ilie duties and la- 

bors that fall to the lot of the agriculturist. 
As the years pa.-scd more aiid more of the 
firm wcu'k de\eli;ped tijjon him. He con- 
tinued to make hi> home in Fairfield comi- 
ty until 18S3, when he removed to Pick- 
awa\' count}-, spending his last da}-s in Ash- 
ville. He departed this life about twi> years 
ago and the comiuunity lost one f>f its hon- 
ored and esteemed citizens, a man wlv* w;a3 
ever on the si<le of progress and improve- 
ment. He never sought or desired office, 
but was content to do his duly as a private 
citizen. His political su])iif;rt was given to 
the Republican party and lie stn-ngly en- 
dorst\l its principles as best calculated tc-) 
serve the interests of the nation. He was sup 
porter of the P.aptist church ar.d his ex- 
ample was in many res])ects a noble one. 
He married Xancy Hedges and her death 
occurred about twelve years ago. She was 
born in Pickaway county and was a devot- 
ed wife and n-mther. In the fainily were 
seven children, the subject of this re\ iew 
being the sixth in order of birth. 

Ira .\shbrook si)ent his early boyhood 
davs in a i-nanner mt unusual to p-iost b;:ys of 
that peril :d. He enjoyed the pleasures of 
the plavgrruml. iierformed the duties of the 
sch(»l-room and assisted in the work of 
cultivating field and meadow on the old 
homestead farm. To his father he gave the 
benefit of his services until he had attained 
his majority, when lie started out in life 
on his <wn account. In i88_' he rented a 
farm which he cultivated for two years, 
and then inircha-ed the place \\here>n 



lie was Ixirn. a tract nf mic huiulre 1 
and thiity-two acres. Many iniproxe- 
incnts here fouiul are the vi>il)le evidences 
i>i his pn.yressixe spirit and lii^ life ui ac- 
tivity. He is well kiii wii as a prugressive 
agriculturist and his reliatiility in all trade 
tran.sactions, and his course is dominated by 
an unflagging industry. 

In 1K82 occurred the marriage of Mr. 
Ashbn.ok and Miss I<la Ann lluichins, of 
Amanda township, a daughter of Amos 
Hutchins, who is one of the highly esteemed 
citizens of Fairfield county. He makes hi^ 
home upon a farm in Amanda town^hip, and 
it was in this township that his birth oc- 
curred January Ji, 1834. His parents were 
John and Reliecca (l)ysinger) Hutchins, 
the former bi:rn in Maryland, whence he 
came to at an early day, locating in 
Amanda township, Fairfield county. Here 
he engaged in farming and stock-raising. 
and throughout the remainder of his life 
made his home in Amanda township, but 
three years ago he was called to his final 
rest. He held the office of township treas- 
urer lor several years and was a leading 
and influential citizen, w<.)rthy of the high- 
est regard of his fellow men. He became 
the owner of four hundred and seventy-hve 
acres of land, all of which he placed under 
cultivation. His political supi^ort was given 
the Democracy. His wife passed away some 
years previous to the death" of her husband. 
She was a native of Fairfield county and 
a daughter oi George Dy singer, one of the 
honored and pioneer settlers of this ix>r- 
tion of the state. Amos Flutchins was one 
of a family of six children, four of whom 
are yet living. He has also resided in Fair- 

fieJd county and to the ])ubIic-schi;>ol sys- 
tem he is iiidclited for the educational priv- 
ileges which, he enjoyed. }lis farm 
ing was received under his father's direc- 
tion on the old family lioiiiestead, and there 
he remained until a short lime bt fore at- 
taining his majority, when he starteil out in 
life upon his own account. He had no. cap- 
ital with which to purchase land ami for a 
number of _\ear> he rented a farm, but ar 
length, having acquired a considerable sum 
'of nioney, he purchased one hundred and se\ - 
entv-five acres of land, upon wdiich he erect- 
ed a large, brick dwelling h:.use in i88_'. 
He also made other substantia] improve- 
ments, anil his is now one of the model 
country homes of this jKirtion of the state. 
He exercises bis right of franchise in sup- 
port of the men and measures of the Democ- 
racy, but the honors and emoluments of of- 
fice have bad. no attraction for him. Amos 
Hutchms married Lavina Phillips, a daugh- 
ter of Daniel Phillips, of Pickaway county, 
a prominent and progressive farmer, who 
died there at an dvanced age. Mrs. Hutch- 
ins died upon the old home place in 1883. 
She was a member of the Lutheran church, 
to which :\Ir. Hutchins also belongs, and in 
her family life she was a kind and con- 
siderate w ife and mother, finding her great- 
est happiness in pr( nioting the welfare and 
comfort of her husband and children. Unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Hutchins were born si.K chil- 
dren : Henry died .at the age of sixteen 
years. Vallandingham died at the age of 
eighteen years. Charles, a resident farm- 
er of Licking county, Ohio, married Min- 
nie Williamson, of Amanda township, a 
daughter of Jabez and Rebecca J. ('Harri- 


-son) Williamson. Tlicy had four cliildren : 
Ilazcl. H.oiier. Ida Ethel and Mary. Ida 
is the wife of Ira .\shhro,,k. the subject of 
this review. I^aac resides upon the old 
luinie ])lace, devoting his ener-ies to farm- 
ing-. John is ass(_iciated witli his brother in 
agricultural pursuits. 

The liome of :\Ir. and Mrs. Ashbrook 
has been blessed with four children: Edna 
L., Agnes E.. Florence .M. and .\. Raymond, 
all of whom ^\•ere liorn* on the old home 
farm and are still with their parents. 'Mr. 

Ashbrook gives his political sui>nort t.) the 
Republican party, and keeps well informed 
on the issues and qucstir-ns of the day. but 
has never been an oflice seeker. He sup- 
ports the Lutheran church and his hearty 
co-ojieration is given to all measures that 
are for the general good. His name is a 
synonym for integrity in business affairs, 
and tin-ouglvnu the county of his nativity 
wherever he is known he is greatly esteemed 
for his sterling worth and high moral 


- The life history of Judge John Theo- 
•dore Rusby is that of one who is a high 
type of our American manhood — straight- 
forward and honorable in business, public- 
spirited and enterprising, and in public of- 
fice placing the g'X^d of the community be- 
fore self-aggrandizement. For almost for- 
ty years he was continuously in ])ublic of- 
fice and over the record of his official career 
there falls no shadow of wrong or suspicion 
of evil. There is particular satisfaction in 
reverting to his history, for his mind bears 
the impress of the historic annals of the 
state from the early pioneer days. He w-as 
born in the \illage of Royalton. Fairfield 
•county, on the 2^X\\ of September, 1S27, and 
on the paternal side is of Irish descent and 
on the maternal of German lineage. His 
great-grandfather, John Bushy, was a na- 

tive of Ireland and married Aliss Mary 
Ste\-ens, a native of Scotland. He became 
the founder of the family in .\merica, a= 
wtH as the first representative of the name in 
this county. By trade he was a carpenter and 
carried on business along that line thr.jugh- 
out his entire life in order to provide for his 
family. His death occurred in the village 
of Royalton in the vear 18 ig. 

Samuel S. Busby, the father .,f ,Tur sub- 
ject, was 1> rn in Royalton. Januarv 28, 
1798.— l;efore the admission r,f Ohi.^ into 
the Lnion. fie was a machinist and fanner 
and was a representatixc and value.l citizen 
of the'ci nnuiuiit}- in pioneer times. After 
arriving at years of maturitv he first -mar- 
ried Catherine Tome, in 1S19. and after her 
death married -\nn Maria Fetters, who was 
born in Lancaster countv. Peiuisvlvania, 


and came tn Fairtieli! cnunly. Ohin. witli her 
parents. John and Elizalieth i DaMer) l'"et- 
ter^. when a child. It \va< in tlie \ car 180,^ 
tliat her ijnren.ts emigrated westward and 
cast ill' tlieir Int with the first settlers of 
this {x>rtion ui the state. Their first liome 
was built I >t logs with a mud and stick 
chimney and the furnishings were of a niost 
primitive character, hut i.i^>ineer conditions 
were eventually replaced hy the comforts and 
conveniences of an older civilization and 
the pioneer families of which the Judge is 
a representati\e became pi^issessed of good 
homes anfl valuable farms. His father died 
in this county in 1835 and iris mother passed 
away in 1832. leaving three children: John 
T., oi this review; George W.. a minister 
of the Lutheran church: and Elizabeth, who 
died in childhood. ]\lr. Busby wa-^ again 
married, his third wife being Rachel Fet- 

The Judge Avas enabled to secure such 
educational discipline as was afforded by 
the public schools of an early day and later 
he attended a private schc>ol. while subse- 
quent to that period he became a student in 
Lancaster, under tlie instruction of Pro- 
fessor Good. When he had completed his 
education he began working at the cabinet 
maker's trade, which he learned under the 
directiijn of Henry Shultz. and was thus as- 
siK:iated with the improvement of Lancas- 
ter. .\fter his marriage he settled on a 
farm in Pleasant township. Fairfield coun- 
ty, and turned his attention to agricultural 
pursuits, which he followed successfully for 
man\- years. His enterprise and diligence 
enabled him to gradually ad\ance to the 

plane of aHluenve and he is now accounted 
one of the substantial citizens of the cunty, 
ha\-ing aci(uired a handscme comi)Ctcnce. 
•wliich n.>w i;crmits him to retire from actix'e 
I.>usine.-s life, 

Jn the years r>f his early manlnvod Mr. 
Busby sought a ciimpaninn and helpmate for 
the journey of life and was liappilx' married 
to Miss Lavina Smetlers. of Fairfield coun- 
ty, a daughter of George and Susan Smel- 
ters, honiired pioneer people of this coun- 
ty. As the years passed eleven children 
were added to the househc>ld: Clara, the 
wife of James Robinson: Mary A., the wife 
of James Smith, of Walnut township; Sam- 
uel I'., of Columbus, O'liio; Charles G., a 
farmer ; James \\'.. an oj>erator for the Ohio 
Central Railroad Company: Susan M.. at 
home: Lavina J., the deceased wife of 
Mathias >>Iiller: Jolm '\\. who acted as his 
father's deputy in the oiUct: of county treas- 
urer. Inn is now deceased: Cora A., the wife 
of S. A. Kreijps, an insurance agent of Co- 
lumbus: Myrtle Belle, at home: and Sarah 
L.. a clerk in the Lancaster County Bank. 
The wife and mother passed to the home 
beyond in 1896. 

The Judge is an unfaltering adherent of 
the Democracy, endorsing the principles ad- 
vocated by Jefferson. In early manhood 
he was elected justice of the peace and filled 
that position for twenty-five consecutive 
years, during which time a number of cases 
which he tried were appealed, but in no in- 
stance was his decision ever reversed. Dur- 
ing this time he acquired a very thorough 
knowledge of common law. He aftenvard 
accepted the position of deputy count}- treas- 


iierer and served U^r four years under II. 
A. Marten> ami fur a similar ])eri' d under 
Michael Hickle. I'revidus to that time he 
was fur fiViir years trustee of the inlirmary 
and was one of its directors for three y.ears. 
In 1K84 he ua> elected jiri.ijiatc judge of 
Fairfield county and received nineteen hun- 
dred votes — the largest numher given ti any 
man on tlie ticket. He assumed the duties 
of the office in February. 1885. for a term 
of three years, and in 1887 was re-elected 
to the same office, in which he ser\ed until 
February, 1S91, covering six years, in which 
his fairness, impartiality and capalviliry won 
him high commendation, as when a justice 
his decisions were never re\ersei;l. Such 
has beeu' his official career — the account 
thereof being- as an open book bearing tlte 
closest investigation and scrutiny. For 
some time Judge Eusbv was president of 

the Fairf.eld rount_\- Agricultural Societj' 
and he belongs lo Charity Lixlge. Xo. 7. 
J. O. O. F., in which he passed all the chairs. 
During the C'isil war the Judge assisted in 
organizing a cmiiiany ^A militia, of which 
he was caiJtaln. He was twice called out 
(luring the ]\lorgan raid, but never was in 
an engagement, as Morgan soon retreated. 
He is a member and trustee of the Meth- 
odist church and his influence has ever l>een 
on the side of right and prog■re^s. He has 
now passed the se\enty-fiflh milestone on 
life's journey, but ^till maintains an active 
interest in his natix'e count}-. Flc has at- 
tained to a pivsitioii of prominence in the 
county in which he was born and reared 
and in which he has retained his residence 
to the present time, being no-w one of the 
revered and \enerable pioneers of the com- 


Fortunate is tlie man who has back of 
him an ancestry honorable and distin- 
guished, and happy is he if his lines of life 
are cast in harmony therewith. The Sharp 
family has through almost an entire century 
been closely associated with the history of 
Fairfield county, its members taking a very 
prominent and active part in jxilitical and 
business affairs, their efforts ijcing of 
marked value in advancing general progress. 
Tltrough four generations the family has 

been represented iit the Ohio legislature, the 
paternal grandfather of our subject. Joseph 
Sharp, serving as a member of the first gen- 
eral assembly of this state. He was bom 
in Pennsylvania and in 1S02 emigrated to 
this state, casting in his lot with its pioneer 
settlers whv> were lay ing broad and deep the 
foundation for the present prosperity and 
progress of the community. He died on a 
farm one mile north of St. Clairsville. 
Josepli Sharp, Jr., the father of our sub- 

• mrj i my j i^ioimmi' i fiiijsa 



frfi#i^<|fc-^- I'liHi^liiSfBfiir^nil^' ';fe-;v^l.Tiy-.<!Mer4"-i-' 




ject, was born in the Keystone state, June 
4, 1800, and was cnly two years old wlieii 
bniuj,dit by his jiareiU.s to Ohio, whtrc amid 
the w ild scenes ■ ot tlie frontier he was 
reared, parsiiini;- lii> educaliiin in the old- 
time log sclionl jmuse. The family lirst ^ct- 
tled in l.lelmont cmity. where they lived for 
al)ont tweiuy-une years. They then removed 
to Muskingum county and the father <jf i^ur 
subject purchased a farm of 'jne hundred 
anfl sixty acres iii the midst of the deu'^e 
forest. He continued to make it his place 
of abode thruiigh the succeeding seventeen 
years, going then to Taylorsville. where 
he built a dam across the Mn-kingum river. 
There he remaineil until coming to Fairfield 
county in 1S39. Here he purchased th.e 
farm upon which A\'i]liam Sharp is now 
living. He made his way to this C':>nnty in 
order tt; l_;uild tlie dam which is now ki^own 
as Sharp's dam. and being pleased with the 
district he decided to remove his family to 
this place. In connection with the home 
farm he piu'chased the mill land, ci>nsisting 
of three Inuadred and twenty acres. In 
1822 Joseph Sharp had been married to 
Miss Anna Lee. a native of Belmont county. 
Ohio, and they became the parents of eleven 
children, namely : Robert L.. James and 
Ji'sejih. will-) have all passed awa_\- ; Will- 
iam, the subject of this sketch; Mary, who 
married Daniel Stuckey. of Sugar Grove; 
Agnes, who has also passed away; George, 
living about twa miles east of Rushville; 
John, who resides near Pleasaiitville; and 
three children who died iii infancy. Mr. 
Sharp exercised his right of franchise in 
support of the men and measures of the 
Democrat party and upon that ticket was 

elected to the state legislature in 1843, 
l>ri>\ing ti> be an acti\e wurkiiig member of 
the li;.dy. He wa,-- also justice of the peace, 
sch.K.l director and trustee, tilling the latter 
position fur a number 'A years. He and his 
wife were memlK?rs of the United Presby- 
terian ehm-ch and he belonged to the Ma- 
sonic lodge in Zanesville. He possessed 
great energy, determination and acti\"ity, 
and it was his onstaiU desire to progress. 
In speech he was frank, in manner genial 
and cordial, and all who knew him were 
counted among his friemls. 

William Sharp was born in Muskingum 
county. Ohio, November 17. 1S31. and ob- 
tainerl his mental discipline in the schools id' 
Berne tijwnship and in Lancaster, where he 
remained tmtil about seventeen years rf age. 
He then gaxe his entire attention to farm 
wr;rk up'in the old family homestead and 
after his marriage he piuchased a farm 
about one mile fiMm the old place, becoming 
owner of a tract of ninety-eight acres, which 
his well-directed labnrs transformed into 
rich and arable fields, returning to him ex- 
cellent harvests. 

The lady whi> presides over his.hnme 
was in her maifIenhi:>od ,Miss Ellen J. Cut- 
ler, a native of Athens county. Ohio. The 
wedding was solemnized in 1S59 and eight 
children have been bcrn unto them ; Charles 
C. a resident of West \'irginia ; Joseph, 
who resides on a farm adjoining his father's 
place; Thomas, who is at home with his 
father: Jennie, who resides in Xelsonville. 
Ohio; Frederick, also at home; William, 
who makes his home in California; John, a 
resident of Oregon; and Annie, who mar- 
ried R. J. Conrad, of Lancaster. In his 


pi:litica] views Mr. Sliarp endorses the of his Hfe he haj been connected with the 

Denmcracy and has served as township sdiool bnard. and tlie cause c>f education 

treasurer, wlnle for a number of years he finds in him a warm friend who dues ail 

has been townsliip trustee. During- one-lialf in liis power for its advancement. 


The efforts of Clarence M. Kowlee in 
the field of business activity have been of 
' such a character as to promote the prc^sper- 
ily of the entire community. He is now tlie 
field superintendent of the Ci :>lumbus ( Ohio) 
Natural Cias & Fuel Compan_\-, with head- 
quarters at Lancaster and for a numl>er of 
years has been actively associated with the 
work of developing the gas regions of this 
portit-n of the slate. He was lx>rn in Pot- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, and pursued his 
educati'>n in the schrjols there. His parents. 
William and Mary ( Bu\ier ) Ri.>wlee, were 
bioth natises of New York, but for man_\- 
years resicied in the Keystone state, where 
the father carried on agricultural pursuits. 

Upon the home farm our subject was 
reared and early became familiar with the 
duties and labors of the fields. Later, how- 
ever, he became connected with the oil 
fields ( f Pennsylvania, where for a time he 
was en-;ployed in the capacity oi a clerk and 
afterward engaged in prospecting and oper- 
ating. Li 1S85 he left the oil fields of Brad- 
fordi, McKean county, Pennsylvania, dis- 
posing of his ir.terests tliere an<l came to 
Ohio, where he in-pected the gas fields in 

and around Lima and for two ye^^irs he 
worked there. Later he entered the cm- 
ploy of the Peoria, Dt\.-atur & Eastern 
Railroad', with headquarters at Mattoon, 
Illinois. After two years spent in this oc- 
cujMtion he came to the vicinity of Lancas- 
ter and a short time afterward entered tlie 
employ of the Columbus (Ohio) Natural 
Gas Company, of which he was made the 
nelil superintendent. He was among tlie 
hrst to drill a well, which was sunk to the 
depth rif two thousand feet and afterward to 
twenty-four huiulred. This work was ac- 
ci.nnplished in 1889 and he. as a nieml>eT, 
met with a fair degree of success. Xot only 
the st(x:kholders of the company but also 
outside parties l:;ecanie convinced that the 
gas belt of this ix>rtion of the state had been 
disco\-ered. Inipro\ed machinery was pur- 
chased, pipe lines e.',tablished and a reducing 
station built, Mr. Row lee ha\ing siqiervi.-,- 
ion of all the departments of the o])erativo 
work. His gO(id jud,gnient. cmipled with 
lon.g experience, has made him an efficient 
superintendent, who capably directs the 
work of fifty or sixty employes in the con:- 
pany's service. He now (occupies a pleas- 

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.;/L/^ .!. :.:' w/.c. .>i.l. 

.■{U'7J\M .:■■: :;:-':! -J aj:> 

>} -.vyyifii ■ 'P 



^iiit office ill ilie new Marten l>l()ck of Lau- 
vaster anil fruni tliat place direct^ all busi- 
ness. Under his capable manao^en^ient tlu- 
enterprise ha-s proven a iirofitahle one and 
is iloubtless in the Ijeginning of its useful- 

In 1S90 Mr. Row lee was united in mar- 
Tiage to Mrs. Julia Rover, oi Columbni-. 
Ohio, who by her former husl.iand, Getfrge 
B'ner, had a daugliter. Helen. Mr. Row- 
lee is a prominent Ma^on and has passed 
"be^-ond the deg-rees of Lancaster Ltxlge. Xo. 
_^~, V. & A. M., becoming a menilier of the 

chajiter and the comnianderv of this place. 
Me is also identitied with Mr.unt I'leasaiu 
Lodge, Xo. 48. K. of P.: Chickasaw Tribe, 
Xo. 100. I. O. R. M., of Thm-.ston; the 
I'nity Senate, Xo. J5. of the Ancient Es- 
senic Order, of Lancaster, and the K. O. T. 
M.. X'o. ^y. of Lancaster. Mr. Rowlee is 
a typical American citizen, enteqjrising, 
progressive and alert. He ii constantlv on 
the outlook for broader Inisiness c>piK>rtuni- 
ties and his capability has already secured 
to him a responsible }x>sition in the world 
of industrial acti\itv. 


Man is never called np'>n to make a 
;greater sacrifice than when he puts'aside all 
business and personal relations, severs fajiiily 
•ties and goes forth in defense of ,his country 
or of a people to face danger and perhaps 
death upon the field of battle, yet many 
thousands of the nation's l)ra\est sons man- 
ifested their loyalty to the L'niou cause 
when the south attempted to set at naught 
the power of the national government in 
i8f)i. Captain Brandt was among those 
who joined the northern arm}- and faith- 
fully did he follow the call of duty wher- 
ever it led. his braver}' and meritorious con- 
■(hict winning him^ promotion until a cajv 
tain's comniission -was conferred upon him. 
He is now nunibered among the fanners 
and stock raisers of Fairfield countv, his 

home being on section 6, Greenfield town- 

Captaiti Brandt was bi>rn March 26, 
1838, in this county. His father, Ailain 
Brandt, was born near Carlisle, Pennsyl- 
\ania, Jitne 24, 1800, a son of David 
Brandt, also a native of the Keystone stare. 
When a youth of twelve years Adam. 
Brandt was bn>ught by his parents to Ohio, 
the famil}- settling in Fairfield cixmty in 
1812, and as they were in limited financial 
circumstances he was early forcetl to eiirn 
his own livelihoixJ and Ijegan learning the 
shoemaker's trade. Soon after attaining his 
majority he secured a small stock of men's 
heavy Ixxits and with this started to the 
fields where a gang of workmen were em- 
ployed in constructing a canal. There his 


sinall stuck was (|uickly sokl anil witli t!ie 
money thus Ml;taiiR'(! he ])urchasoil iiKire 
leatlier and he<;an making a new supply oi 
fxHits. SD that he (lescr\es to he kni)\vn as a 
pioiieer 1/iot and >hije manufacturer of this 
county. This was ihc foundaticdi of his 
successful career. As he had a ready sale 
lor the^e products of his labor he soon se- 
cured a surplus and this money he invested 
in ■ one h.undred and .--ixty acres uf land. 
covered with a dense gn.'ve cf timher. He 
then hired some men to clear the gnmnd 
and prqrare it for the plow. Amj:»ng the 
stumps he planted ajiple. peach, pear and. 
cherry trees and in a few years liis place 
was known as the Fruit Kidge farm. He 
had one of the finest orehard> if this part uf 
the state and it yielded abundantly. 

In 1806 there hail come Xn Lancaster a 
family whose religious views had led them 
to lilicraie their slaves and for this they ' 
were ostracized by their neighlj<jrs in \'ir- 
ginia. On this account they decidied to 
seek a home in the free west and thus the 
Cooper family was established in Lancas- 
ter. The father was a saddler b}- trade and 
lish a harness business in Fairtield county. 
it is claimed he was the first nran to estab- 
About 1S19 his daughter. Rebecca Cooper. 
became the wife of Adam Brandt and unto 
thein, as the years passed, were born sev- 
enteen children, nine sons and eight daugh.- 
ters, of whom fourteen reached years 01 
maturity, while nine are still living. The 
hei-editar\' strain in the family was nwun'- 
fested in the grandsons, for sI.n: of them 
were enrolled among the soldiers of the 
Union army fighting for the suppression of 
slavery, which the grandfather had op- 

posed so many years before. The sons of 
Adam who wore the blue were llenrv C, 
who died in February. 1895; Jonatlian C, 
wlio is still li\ing at the age of seventv-four 
years; Isaac, who resides in California, 
aged seventy-one; 01i\er 1'... (,f this sketcli ; 
William J.; and Wesley L.. who resides in 
Milchellviilc, iowa. aged sixty years. Three 
of the daughters als<^ married soldiers of 
tiic Civil war, namely: Catherine, born in 
iSjo. married Sanuiel Radabaugh and re- 
sides in Minnesota; Elizabeth, born m 
iSjj. married Sair.uel Apt and resides in 
Kansas: and Rebecca, born in I835. mar- 
lied S. S. Wicst and resides in Baltimore. 
Ohio. Thus this family was represented bv 
nine loyal men who fiaigh.t for the slarrv 
banner and the cause it represented. Oi 
tliese William J. Brandt died in the service 
February 13. 0^62. aged twenty-one: Jack- 
son H., another son. died Xovemb^er J5. 
i>%7. The other daughters were as fol- 
lows: Alartha, born September 10. 1833. 
is nr.w the widow of Jacob \\'ea\er and is a 
resident of Oklahoma Territory; PLirriet. 
born December- 25, 1836. is the wife i>f X. 
S.- Ebright, of Carroll, Ohio: Mary M.. 
Ix-rn December 8. 1839. is the widow of 
Joseph }ib:irley. and a resident of Kansas: 
and F.maliza, l;orn December 31. 1846. 
died in 1S7S. Certainly Adam Brandt ha>! 
cause to be proud of his posterity. In his 
farming operations he prospered. The Fruit 
Ridge farm, which he developed in tiie 
midst of tl"ie wilderness, became one of the 
most flourishing fruit farms in all this sec- 
tion of the country and its owner was hon- 
ored and respected for his many g< qual- 
ities. He lived to a ripe old age, being sex- 



ciity-tour years when killed June J4. 1S74. 
l)y fallino- fn nn a tree. -Mrs. Braiult dieJ 
April 18, 1870, al the age of sixly-eigiit 

Captain 01i\'cr E. Brandt, \vh(_>se name 
introdiK-es this record. w-i_>rked upt.>n the 
home farm and under his father's direction 
until twenty-one years of age and when 
Abraham Lincoln issued his first call for 
,?eventy-ti\ e thousand men to serve for 
three months, thinking tliat the war would 
be o\er at that tiiiic, Olixer Brandt was 
among the first I'j be enrolled among the 
Jiiembers o* Com]>any A. Seventeenth Ohio 
Infantry. On the expiratii^n of term of en- 
listment, the regiment was reorganized and 
he became a member of Company F, w^i'di 
which he served for three years. From time 
to time he was promoted throug-h the vari- 
ous ranks until in recognition of his loyal 
patriotism and military skill, he was com- 
missioned captain. Fie participated in six- 
teen pitched battles and twelve skirmishes, 
and seven bullet.- pierced his clothing, 
wdiile his sword was sIkjI in two at the 
hilt in the battle of Chickamauga. On the 
seccMid da_\- (jf the engagement, while he 
was in coonmand <jf the color company, i 
shell burst in their midst, killing and 
■\\\>unding' many of his comrades. The en- 
emy taking advantage of the hax'oc and. 
confusion again charged in the column be- 
fore the}' could rally, capturing Captain 
Brandt and man_\- of his men. As a pris- 
oner of war he was sent ti_> Libby prison 
and later t(j Macon, Ge^gia. He was one 
r,f the Union soldiers to be sent to Charles- 
ton. South Carolina, the Confederates 
thinking if they placed many Union pris- 

oners in that city that the Union forces 
WiHild not atiemi^t its destruction and 
would cease shelling the tow-n for fear of 
killing their own unfortunate comrades, 
thus placing them under the lire of their 
own guns. It was fortunate that Captain 
Brandt harl a sin;ng constitution to with- 
stand all the hardships and IvM-rors of pris- 
on life. He managed, how ever, to keep in 
good health and was never on the sick list 
• ■r iiad the aid of a physician or surgeon 
from the time he responded to President 
Lincoln's call until receiving his honoraljle 
discharge in July, 1865. His is certainly a 
creditable military record of w-hich he has 
e\-ery reason to be proud. He was alwavs 
found at his ])ost of duty, which was often 
in the thickest of the fight, and he ne\ er hes- 
itated or wavered in obeying a command 
and by his own braxery he inspired many of 
his company to like deeds of bravery and 

Xot long after his return home in 
March, 1866, Captain Brandt was united in 
marriage to Miss Elizabeth Holmes, a 
daughter of George \\'. Flolmes, a farmer 
of Greenfield township. Six children have 
been born of this marriage, three sons and 
three daughters, namely: Xancy O.. born 
in 1S66, is now the wife of McCIellan .Mar- 
tens, a hardware dealer of Lancaster; Ida 
K.. born in 18^:8. resides at In -me: James 
M., born in 1870. married Dessa Lamb, a 
daughter of Hon. George Lamb, and re- 
sides in Fostoria, tlhio. where he is engaged 
in the agricultural implement business; 
Lulu, born in 187 J. is with her parents: 
Harr}- H.. born in 1874. is engaged in 
teaching scho >1 ; and George \\'., born in 



1877. assists his fatlier in the management 
of tlie home farm. Captain Branch has re- 
sided upt>n this phicc since his m;n'riage anfl 
his home is made ])Ieasant tlironj^h the tal- 
ent of his dangliters. whi) ha\e inlieriied 
their paternal grandfather's mnsical aliil- 
itv and liivc of flowers. The Brandt family 
is one that is liighly esteemed in Fairheid 
countv, and ti> his duties of citizenship the 
Captain is as true and lnyal Uvday as wiien 
he followed the starry l>anner of the nation 
through the south. In politics he is a 

strong Republican : 
an active w-orker 1 
was chairman ni 
:i->mmittee in i8<)0- 

fcr thirty years has been 
.>r his party's interests; 
the Rcpulilican C(>unt\' 
; : and is now a inemher 

of tlie Republican central committee. He 
served as school director t\\ entv-cjne }eav.s 
and in 189S was in C(^lumbus as a comimit- 
tee to look after the interests rif the Carnrli 
scliools. Fraternally he is a prominent 
memiber of Ezra B. Ricketls Pest. Xo. .24(1, 
G. A. R., of Carroll, of whicli he is past 
comniHiider and is. lu.nv adjutant. 


Riciiard Evans, now deceased, com- 
manded the respect and confidence of his 
felloAv mat to an unusual degree, and when 
called to his final rest his death was wideb- 
and deeply mourned. He was a native of 
England and a son of David Evans, whose 
birth also occurred in the country in which 
he spent his entire life. He was a farmer 
by occupation and always carried on that 
pursuit in order to provide for his family. 
His wife died but a short time prior to the 
emigration of her son Richard to the new 
world. He iiad attended the public schools 
of his native country and when fifteen years 
of age he determined to make his home in 
the new world, having heard favorable re- 
ports of its oppc>rtunities and privileges. 
Accordingly he perfected his arrangements 
to sail for the Uniterl States and at length 

landed at Xew York city, whence he made 
his way across the country to Ohi". set- 
tling first in Columbus. There he learned 
the painter's trade, which he followed for a 
number of years. He worked for the Hock- 
ing Valley Railroad Company in the ca- 
pacity of painter for a long period. About 
1SS9 he came to Fairfield county, settling in 
Hocking township, and with the capital he 
had acquired through his own energy and 
diligence he purchased eighty acres of land, 
on which he erected a large and substantial 
residence, thus making a home for himself 
and family. Throughout his remaining 
days he devoted his energies to agricultural 
pursuits and placed his land under a high 
state of cultivati.m. making it a rich and 
arable tract. Wlien he arrived in Columbus 
he was but a youth and had only a capital 

.'\V\o.,^V\ A): 

.<tH/;/.f CJMAHDIH 





dt" line dollar. He feared not the laborious 
(leMitiijii to \v<>rk which is the tuundation of 
all prosperity, and as the years passed he 
won success and pro\ ided most comfortably 
for his family. 

Oil the i6th of November, 1S82, Mr. 
Evans was united in marriage to Orpha 
Spangler, wln) \\ as born in Pickaway coun- 
ty, Ohicf, a daughter of Charles and Betsey 
(W'olfard) Spangler. Her father \va=, also 
a native of Pickaway county and resided 
there continuously until about tifteen years 
ago. when he came to Fairfield county, tak- 
ing up his al>3de- in Hocking township, 
where he still carries on agricultural pur- 
suits. His wife has now passed away. The 
home of Mr. and ]Mrs. Evans has been 
ble.'ised with four cliildren, and the family 
circle yet remains unbroken by the hand of 
ileath. Walter, the eldest, wa^ born in Co- 
lumbus, Eranklin county, March 24. 1S84, 
and now conducts the home farm, mani- 

festing excellent business ability in his work. 
Clarence, born March i, 188O. is employed 
in a shoe factory at Lancaster; and Myrtle, 
bt:>rn September 22, 18S9, and Xcllic. Sep- 
tember 23, 1892, are attending the public 

Mr. Evans was a nian of strong do- 
mestic tastes, a devoted husband, a kind and 
loving lather and he found his greatest hap- 
piness at his own. fireside. In all his busi- 
ness relations he was upright and h(jnoral:)le 
and his methods woulil bear ihe closest in- 
sjiection. He passed away April 2^, 1900, 
and was laid to rest in Forest Rose cemetery 
in Lancaster, but he left to bis family the 
priceless heritage of an untarnished name. 
His history proves conclusively that success 
is not a matter of genius, but is the legiti- 
mate outcome of persevering effort. His 
example is well worthy of emulation, for in 
all liiVs relations he shaped his course by 
honorable and moral principles. 


The opjxirtunities of business life are tain W'illian^ W. Walker his present pusi- 
lin^itless in this free land where labor is nc^t tion as foreman of the carjKnter depart- 
hamixrred l>v caste or class. Advancement ment and as wreck master f. ^r the Cincin- 

dq)ends up»>n a man's promotion, ci >mmg 
HI recognitimi of skill and ability along a 
clursen line uf ende-avor. When <>ne has 
attained to a ]Xisitir,n of respi>n>il'ility, it is 
iiii indication of his diligence and capability 
■'■id it is such qualities that have won Can- 

nati & Muskingum \'alley Railroad G)m- 

Tlie Captain was born ujinn a farm in 
Wayne county. Xew Vork, Febnuiry 2..'. 
1837. His father. Cerrge H. Walker, was 
a nati\'e of England and when iii his eig!n- 



eenth year came t^- the I'niteJ States, -et- 
tling- in Wayne county, New Vovk. He 
was a cai-[>enter I>y trade and fullMwe'l that 
pursuit ti> a greater or less extent thn.iugli- 
out his bu■^ine^^ carcx-r, Inn also extended 
his effivrts to nther hues of industrial ac- 
tivity. He engaged in the niouulacture of 
nati\e lunil)er, oi^qrating a small sau^uiall 
in W'ayn.e county. New York, for a lunn- 
ber i>f years. At lenglh he determined ti.> 
seek a lionie farther west, believing that he 
might ha\'e better business opportunities in 
a less thickly settled region where compe- 
tition was not Ml great. Accordingly in 
October. 1841. he remoxed his family to 
Pike coiuny. C*hio, where he remai'.icd fr.r 
two years and then came to Fairfield coun- 
ty. He took up his abode in Berne town- 
ship in tiie \-icinity of Sugar Grove, where 
he engaged in carpentering and at the same 
time ciperated a sawmill on the waters of 
the Hi'cking ri\er. A fragment of the ok! 
null is still standing- there, a landmark' of 
the early da}"s. Mr. \\ alker was a public- 
spirited man, actixe in the support of all 
that he believed would prove of general 
good. He was \ery generous and liberal 
and was nmch respected thnxigliout the 
comnnuiity in which he made his home. 
^\'hile lixing iu ^^'ayne county. New York. 
]\Ir. \\'alker was united in' marriag^e to 
Charlotte \\'. Lawson. a natixe of that 
count}- and a slaughter of John Lawson. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Walker held member- 
ship in the German Ref< inured clnn-c!i and 
their lives w-ere in consistent harmony with 
its teachings and principles. T\\ey l>ecame 
the parents of fifteen children, eight sons 
and seven dauirhters. Two of the num- 

ber died in infanc}-. but thirteeii reached 
years of malnrit}-. They were: William 
-H.; Frederick G. : Fli/.abeth, the deceased 
wife of TliMuxas .\bvck: George H., wh. > re- 
sides in ClarksviUe: Mary J., who has 
jiassed away; Rose Ann: Florence; Benja- 
min and F.duard L.. twins, the latter now- 
decea.sed : George W. and Benjamin F., 
who w-ere also twins and have passed awav; 
.\delaide, deceased; and Martha, the wife 
of William Hun-imil, of Fairfield county. 
The father of this family passed awav in 
1882. and his wife, .survixiug him for a 
nuni'ber of years, was callcdi to her final 
liome in 1891. 

Captain William H. Walker, whose 
name introduces tliis record, speiu his bc>\-- 
hoi.'d days in the usual nianner of farmer 
lads. The sun shone di->w-n ni:(ii n-'anx- a 
held xx-hich he pl<.x\-ed and he CL.ntinued his 
\x-ork in the field.s until after crops were har- 
vested in the aulunui. whe;-i he winild enter 
the district schools in the neiglib.orhi >d an<l 
there pursue his studies until returning 
spring again called him to the wxjrk of the 
lields. As soon as he xx-as old enough tc> 
assist his father in the mill he also gave a 
part of his attention ti > its operation and 
under his father's direction he learned the 
carpenter's trade. Together they xvorked 
luitil the Cajjtain xvas twentx-mie years of 

He became deeply interested in the tnai- 
bles xvliich eventually involve<l the countn- 
m Ci\il xvar. In i83ri he xxent to the ter- 
ritory of Kansas, residing there a part rf 
the time during th.e famous Kansas and 
Xel;raska triubles. The unsettled state of 
business auA pMiitics there caused hiiu to 


return ti;i Fairfield c<nuuy. wlicrc he oni- 
tinuetl business with liis father until after 
the inrriiyuratioii of the Civil war. Hardly 
had the snt(")ke from Fort Suniter"s giuis 
cleared awa}" when he offered his services 
to the gi>\errnient, enlisting <>n the lyth i;>f 
April. 1 86 1, as a nieniber of Conipaiiy A, 
Se\enteenth Ohio \'olunlcer Infantry, at the 
first call of President Lincoln for seventy- 
five thousand men. J(,ihn M. Ci.>nnell, of 
Lancaster, was in command of the regi- 
ment, which was ordered to Virginia and 
participated in the battle of Laurel Hill. On 
the expiration of the three ni<inths' term of 
service, September 30, 1861, ^Ir. \\'alkcr 
re-enlisted for three years, homing a mem- 
ber of Company 1 of the same regiment 
with whicl; he first went to the front. Tliis 
command was ordered to Kentucky and its 
first engag'emcnt was at Wild Cat }iloun- 
tam. Captain Walker participated in thir- 
ty-six regular engagements, including the 
battles of .Missionary Ridge, Chickamauga, 
Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, the siege and 
fall of Atlanta, and the celebrated marcn of 
Sherman x<> the sea. lie was in many en- 
gagen.ients and often in the thickest of the 
fight, and at the battle of ]^lis.sionary Ridge 
received a gunslnit wound in the right leg; 
and again in front of Atlanta he was slv t 
in both legs, which injury laid hini up three 
months. During the battle of Ivenesaw 
Llountain he was stabbed in the back of tlie 
head by a bayonet. Li 1863 he was com- 
missioned second lieutenant and in 1864 ho 
was prouT'ted to the rank of first lieutenant, 
while in 1865 he was promoted to captain 
and when mustered out was breveted majo''. 
When the war was r>ver Captain \\'alker 

returned ti.» Lancaster and resumed car- 
penter work. Soon after he entered the 
employ of the Cincinnati & .Muskinfi-inn 
Kaiload in the wikhI department of their 
various shops, and his diligence and cai)a- 
bility wcin him promjotii>n step l>v step until 
he was made foreman oi the wor>d depart- 
ment and master of wreckage, having con- 
trol of hundreds of miles and employing a 
number of gang-; of men, who are employed 
in \arious ways. 

Li 1861 Captain Walker was united in 
marriage to ^liss Caroline Mock, a daugh- 
ter of David and Leah ( Le^^Iott) Mock. 
She was born and reared in Fairfield coun- 
ty and died in 1876, leaving three children: 
Durben W.. who is employed in the rail- 
road shops; Mina L., the wife of Michael 
Hankson : and Katie, who died at the age 
of eleven years. 

Fi:)r his second wife Captain Walker 
married Jane Hamilton, of Amanda, this 
county, the wedding being celebrated \:\ 
187Q. She is a native of this county an 1 
a daughter of Jacob and Maria Hanfilton. 
The children born of the second marriage 
are \\'illiam Floyd, who is employed in the 
railroad shops: and Maria E., at hcniie. 

The Captain gi\es his political supp<irt 
to the Republican party and is a firm en- 
dorser of its principles. He cast his first 
presidential \ote for Abrahanv Lincoln and 
the last up to this time for William Mc- 
Kinley. His fellow townsmen, recognizing 
his worth and ability, haxe called him to 
public office and for thirteen _\ears he wa.s 
a member of the cit_\" council. re])resentin-,'' 
the fifth ward. I-'raternally he is connected 
with Alpine Lodge Xo. 56-1, L O. O. F., and 



Hock Hork-ino- luicar.ipment. Xo. j8. He is 
also a ineiiiiher of ilie Kiiii^dits of Honor; 
Iknjainin IJutteiiield J'ost. Xo, 77. (]. A. 
R. ; Union X'eteran Leijion : aii'l is chair- 
man of the 'board of trnstees in the Odd Fel- 
lows lodge. As has been truly reniarked 
after all that may be done for a man in the 
way of giving- him early opjxirtunities for 
obcaining the requirements which are 

sought in the public schools anil Ix-oks. he 
must essentially formulate, determine and 
give shape to his own character and this- 
is what Mr. Walker lias d(;ne. He ha^ per- 
severed in the pursuit of a {:)ersistent pur- 
jxjse and has gained the most satibfactory 
reward. His life is exemplary in all re- 
spect and he well deser\es representation in. 
this \-olume. 


Jesse Allen is a prosperous farmer of 
Fairfield county, having more than three 
hundred acres of land in -\manda tow nship. 
His is a \aluable farm, attractive and plea.-^- 
ant in apperance. r>wing to the well kejrt 
condition of buildings and fields. He was 
born March 14, 1839, near Royalton, Ohio, 
and contes of an old X'ew England family. 
The following- we copy from "Pioneer }'e- 
riod andi Pioneer People" of Fairfield coun- 
ty, published by C. M. S. Wiseman : "The 
Alien family has been prominent in Fair- 
field county for one hundred years. ihe 
pioneer, Dr. Silas Allen, was a man of ed- 
ucation and character, and his descendants 
were numerous, and throughput their long- 
career have maintained the reputation of 
their distinguished ancestors. Sanniel .\!- 
len (the first) c^mie to .\merica froni 
' Bridgewater, Somerset county, Kngland, in 
1620, and settled in Braintree. Mas><ichr,- 
setts. His wife's name wa- Ann. but we 

can not give the surname. Their son, Sam- 
uel (the second) was born in 163-'. A 
daughter, Sarah, was Ijorn in 1639 and mar- 
ried Joseph Standish, a sr>n of Miles Stand- 
isli, of the ilaytlower. This Sanmel ( the 
second) married Sarah Partridge. Their 
son, Samuel (the third) was born in 16' lO. 
He married Rel>ecca Carey in 16S5. Their 
son, Samuel (the fourth), was lj<ini in i68f\- 
Thier son, Timothy, was Iwrn in 1691 and 
was the grandfather of (.General Ethan Al- 
len, of Re\-olutionary fame. Rebecca died 
in 1697 and Samuel ( the third I n-iarried 
Mary Alden. a daughter of Joseph, a son 
of Captain John Alden, ma<le fam'iu> 'by 
Longfellow in Miles Stantlish. and the first 
man to land on Plymouth Rock. To this 
miiiiU were born children, naniel}- : J^iseph. 
in 1701: lienjamin. in 1702: Mar_\-. in 
1704: kei)ccca. in 170^); Matheu . in 1708: 
and Seth, in 1710. This family aljout the 
\-ear J7J7 moved to Coiinecticut and set- 



tied at Xorwich. Later they iTix:)\eil to Cen- 
terliurv, Connccticul. At XiU'w ich Josei>h 
Allen married Reliecca Fuller, ci Preston. 
Their son. Barnalius, was l)<;»rn lA-ljniary 
24, i7-y. at Xorwich. Darnahus married 
Elizabeth' Iniller. .iaugliter of Rand<jlph 
Fuller, in 1752. Tlieir son, Silas, was l>>rn 
in 1754. He was educated and studied 
medicine. He married Mary Cleveland, 
daughter of Saniuel Cleveland, 'Slay 16, 
177C. She was a fourth cousin of .Moses 
Cleveland, the founder of the city of Cleve- 
land, Ohio. She was also related to Grover 
Cleveland's ancestors. S(X)n after their 
marriage, with others of their fannly, Di. 
Allen and wife moved to ^^lliddletown, \'er- 
mont. Their children were: Samuel, Ja- 
red, Rebecca, .Anna, Elizateth, Benjamin, 
Annie, Jedadiah, who was born in 17S1 ; 
and \\'hiting in 1782. 

In the year 1800 Dr. Silas Allen willi 
family and others, in all, fort}-, left Middle- 
towjT, Coimecticut. for the west, intending 
to go as far west as the Mississipi)i river. 
Arriving at F'airheld county, they found 
the country on Toby creek inviting and they 
concluded to remain there and became per- 
manent settlers. In course of time Whit- 
ing and Benjamin Allen mmed with fami- 
lies to Delaware county, Ohi(», where they 
were prosperous and representati\e. 

Whiting Allen married Mahitable 
Searle. one of a family of the fort}' emi- 
grants men'irjned. A descendant of this 
Searle family married a daughter of George 
Ewing of Iowa City, Iowa, and resides 
there in charge of a newspaper. .\mos S. 
Thomas, of Lancaster, Ohio, is a great- 
grandson of Whiting Allen. Mrs. Evira 

Meeker was a ilaughter of Lemuel Allen 
and died aged ninet} -three. Dr. Silas Al- 
len lt\ed a useful life, in his new home, 
reared and established a fanuly, and at the 
age of seventy one years, Scpteni1x.'r 7, 
J823, died. His body lies Lurinl at Rox;il- 

Jedadiah Allen, the fourth si-n of Dr. 
Silas and Mary (Cleveland) Allen, and the 
grandfather of our subject, was h.irn in 
Vermont, and at an early age came with 
iiis parents to Ohio, locating upon a farm i\ 
Amanda township, I'airheld county, that is 
now occupied by our subject. Here he 
lived an<l died devoting his energies to ag- 
ricultural pursuits, engaging in stock rais- 
ir.g on a \-ery extensive scale. He was 
only \erA' successful but was also op.e of the 
must prominent and influential men of the 
community. He died at Royalti n ou the 
5th of Se]>ten;lK-r, 1S56. many friem'Js 
mourning his loss while the community 
chronicled the death of one of its leading 
representativffj. He married Sarah Bull 
about 1S03 and the children l>orn to them 
were: Rachel, tx)rn 1809: Howard. lx>rn 
iSii; and Lymau, born 1813. Rachel Ik- 
came the wife of Thomas Retxrr and died 
near Upper Sandusky, Ohio. 

The parents of our subject were HowarT 
and Sarah. (Leist) Allen, the latter a 
daughter of John Leist. The former was 
born in Amanda township. Fairfield cou'.i- 
ty. and throughout his life devoted his ener- 
gies to agricultural pursuits. He died at 
the comparatively early age of thirt}-eight 
years. He was cjuite pnysijerous and left 
his family in comfortable circumstances. 
He held membership in the Methodist 


cinn-cli. His widow survived him for many tanning and stock rai-ino- and iiis tlu.r- 
years, passm- auay on the J5th of June, oug-h understanding of the l.usiness. his 
3895, at tiie riije old age of eighty-eiglit adaptation of inijHoved methods to his 
years, eleven mn„ths and six days. She work, and his unfaltering industrv haxe 
Avas the mother of seven children, of whom brought to him very gratifying prosperity, 
one died in infancy, while four are yet liv-, At the time of the Civil wctr .Mr. Allen 
'"&■ joined the army in 1864. as a member of 
Jesse Aller, was reared upon the old Company ]. One Hundred and Fiftv-ninth 
family homestead, his youth being passed in Ohio \ olunteer Infantrv. for one hundred 
amannersimilartothatof m.,stboysof the driys' service, and was' nmstered out at 
period. He obtained his education in the Zancsville on the expiration of his term. In 
common scho,ds of the district. His fa- his political views he i> a Republican and 
ther died when the son was only five yenr.-, while firmly endorsing the principles of the 
of age and Allen then assisted his part\ has ne\er been an office seeker, al- 
mother in the work of the home farm until though he has held a few nnnor po.Mtions. 
he Jiad att;:incd his majority. lie then -\ prominent and o.msi.stent member ,,f the 
-started out ujion an independent business Methodist church, for a number of years he 
career and was emi)loyed as a farm hand by has l>een one of its trustees. 
tiie month f,,r two years. He afterward Xo histnrv ,.f Wv. Allen could be corn- 
purchased the farm of Thomas Reber, in plete witiiout mention of his estimable wife. 
Amanda township, consisting of one lum- He was married on the 3Qth of December. 
(Ired. and sixty acres, for which he paid nine i8r,y, to Elizabeth P. Strayer, wdio was 
thousand five hundred dollars, and soon af- lx>ni in Royalton. C>hio. a daugluef of 
terward he sold this pn>perty for thirteen Abram and Ellen M. (Cross) Straver. Her 
thousand rive hundred dollars. He next father was a native of Pennsylvania and 
purchased the property upon which lie now came to Oliio during tlie jnoneer ep ich in 
lives, comprising one hundred and eighty- its historv", locating in Rovalton, where 
SIX acres, the price being fifteen thousand he established a mercantile store and car- 
dollars. He ail.led t.> this until he now has ried rjni business along that line for manv 
over tiiree hundred acres of land under a years. His death cccurrcd in Rovalton 
very high state of cuUivation. Many im- September 19. 1866, when he was aged fif- 
provements upon this farm are an indica- ty-seven years, nine months aiul twent_\-five 
tiop of his enterprise, capable manage- days. His widow surA'ived him for a long 
ment and progiessi\e spirit. His is indeed ijcriol. passing away in 190J. at the verv 
one of the model places oi the county and advanced age .>f eightv-eight years. In 
as the years pass it approaches more nearly their family were eight chiklren. four of 
to perfection. He also (jwns a number of whom are yet living. Unt.> Mr. and Mrs. 
village hns in Royalton. His time and at- Allen have been born but two children: 
lention have always been given to general \'iola, born December 13. iSjr. in Roval- 



tmi, i-^ ivnv tlic wife if Leroy G. Sill);mj;;-h. of our siil)jecl. was born in Royalton, Au- 

■|"lu'v wore married Seineniher 17, iS<;5, h\- gust 3, 1N73, and now resides witli his par- 

i1r- i>;e\-. S. il. Priest. ;\Ir. Sill>an,eh is an cnts, carrying-on tlie old home farm. He i.s 

,itliiine\-al law and the present mayi<r of justly recognised as one ijf the progrcss- 

liie cit\- lit I.ancaster. They ha\e 1\m> sons, i\e and enterjirising young business men of 

Allen and Jnhn. Ralph Allen, the only srm the county . 


William L. Rnchanan. of Baltimore. 
Ohio, was born in ^^alnut township, Fair- 
field county, on the 3rd of July. 1850. and 
is a son of William and Catherine (Huff- 
man) Buchanan, the former a native of 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, while the latter 
was- born near Baltimore. }\Iaryland. The 
paternal grandfather and the great-grand- 
father both bi:>re the name of ^^'illiam and 
the familv is of Scotch-Irish descent. The 
father i:>f our subject was a shoemaker by 
trade and fi;>llowed that occupation in con- 
nection with farming and the manufacture 
of brick, and later engaged in the hotel 
business in Pleasantville, Ohi(-), in 1S53 and 
ilied in 1854. An old l^rick church near 
th.e Indian fort, in Perry county, was built 
'>f Jjrick which came from his kilns. He 
died when he was forty-four years of age, 
his wife living for some years after. In 
their family were eleven children, of whom 
three are yet living. Sarah became the wife 
of M. W. ^, and b<:ith are now de- 
ceased. Catherine is the deceased wife of 

Thomas Irick. Janies K. was living in 
Texas at the tinie of the Civil war and when 
alxmt fifteen years of age was drafted for 
service in the rebel army. He and two com- 
panirins crossed the liay in an old molasses 
box and thus made their \\a\- to the north. 
Jan-ies is now deceased. George W., who 
resides in Pleasantville. was for years en- 
gaged in the hotel business there, but is now 
retired. He served in the Union army as 
a member of the Eighty-eighth Ohirt In- 
fantry. Mary A. is the wife of L. L. Xor- 
ris and resides in Thursti'ii. William L. 
is the next in the family. Darlington is de- 
ceased and the }-oungest died in infancy. 
The mother of this family was an active 
member of the ^^letlmdist Protestant church. 
The father gave his [xjlitical support to the 
Democracy and was at one tin-ie deputy 
sheriff' of the county. He liecame a char- 
ter member of Pleasantville Lodge. Xo. 163, 
I. O. O. F.. and passed all of its chairs. Fie 
was a self-made man and one who deserved 
great credit for what he accomplished. He 



A\as m-t only industrious and ener<;^etic. but 
liis business nictli')ds were also such as to 
■commend him to hi^ fell<iw men. 

William L. Ikichanan atteudeil the pub- 
lic sch.:')ls of Pleasantville, an<l at the age 
of fourteen began making his own way in 
the world. When he was twenty years c>f 
age he C'>mmenced ct^'uducting a In'iei at 

As a companion and helpmate on life's 
journey Mr. Buchanan cliose ^liss Clara 
Lanil>. the wcilding being celebrated Sep- 
tember 26. 1S72. The lady "was a native 
of W'ahnU township and a daughter of 
Jacob and Anna Lamb. One child was horn 
•of this marriage. Claude Lamb, who is now 
secretary lor the Twin City Pa])er Cora- 
jjany. at Pialtiniore. He was born January 
14. ]874. On the 30th of Octidier, of the 
.same year, the wife and mother passed away 
.and was laid to rest in the cemetery at 
Pleasantville. For his second wife }tlr. 
Buchanan chose Miss Clara Elmira Fink, 
a native of I'leasant township and a daugh- 
ter of William and Mary Flink, both of 
"vvhom are now deceased, tier mother died 
when she w-as only three years of age. By 
that marriage tliere were three children : 
Anna May. now deceased. Frank W.. wh<i 
is employed as a clerk in the Kirk House 
at Zanesville. and Thomas Whitney, de- 
■ceased. The mother of these children died 
May 3. 1889. and the father' afteward mar- 
ried Cassie May Ketner. a native of Walnut 
township and a daughter of Benjamin and 
Elizabeth Ketner. both of whom are still 
living. This wedding- was celebrated Oc- 

tober 10. i8(;o. and has been blessed with 
two children — Russell K. and Clara Ruth. 
On the _>4th ni March. 1894. Mr. 
I!uchan;ui removed to Ballini'vre, where he 
purchased a In tel and has since conducted 
business there, being the p. ipular aufl genial 
host of the Baltimore House, which is re- 
ceiving a liberal ])atronage and is a pi^pular 
resort with the traveling ]>uV)lic. Li his po- 
litical \ icws Mr. Ijuchanan is a Demrrcrat. 
Socially he is quite prominent. He belongs 
to Fairfield L.xlge, Xo. 163, L O. O. F., 
which he joined on the 5th of ]\Lay. 1877, 
at Pleasantville. On the 28th ^n" June. 1880, 
he became a memljer of ^\'ahlut \'alley En- 
campment, Xo. 218, and is now a past 
patriarch. He also belongs to Canton Ivan- 
hoe, Xo. 10. at Lancaster, and is quarter- 
master sergeant of the Fifth Regiment. He 
is a charter member of tlie Rebecca lodge 
known as Chico L(.idge, Xo. 196. Of this 
his second wile was a charter member and 
his present wife is also a member. Mr. 
Buchanan was a charter memljer and c^ne 
who filed the application for the establish- 
ment of \\'hite Arrow L(xlge. Knights of 
Pythias. Xo. 341. at Pleasantville. on the 
2 1st of May. 1889. and for three years he 
has been its representative to the grand 
lodge. He is also a charter member of 
Baltimcre I.odge, Knights of Pythias. Xo. 
673, antl io.r three years was its representa- 
tive to the grand lodge. He is likewise a 
charter member of Chickasaw Tribe. X'o. 
100, I. O. R. M., at Thurston, Ohio. He 
is a man who has gained a wide accjuaint- 
ance through'.)Ut this county and possesses 


tlic qualities wliicli render him a cajiable vcnience and l>y his genial. sf)cial manner 

and successful hotel man. He give^ cU»se he has gained a large circle of friends, not 

and earnest attention to the needs of his only nf thi* o>nimunity, hut amid the trav- 

gucsts. jndks after their comfort and con- eling piihlic. 


Jerome D. Ilummcll is a self-edu- 
cated and self-made man, \\\\o has stead- 
ily progressed in life because of his 
strong character, his indomitable Avill and 
his laudable ambition. He is nL>\v owner 
of one of the best farms in Fairfield 
county and well does he merit his suc- 
cess. Mr. liummell was born December 
3, 1S39. on the farm where he now resides 
and near the six)t on which the house now 
stands, flis parents were John and Mary 
(Dove) Hnmmell and the family is r.f Ger- 
man lineage, the great-grandfather C'f our 
subject ha\ing l)een b<»rn in Germany, 
whence lie crossed the Atlantic to the new- 
world, taking \\\) his aliode in Pennsylvania, 
where he probablv sjjent his rentaining days. 
His so-n. Frederick Hummcll. the grandfa- 
ther of our subject, remo\ed to Fairfield 
county after his son, John, had located here 
and took up his abode in Bloom township, 
where he carried on agricultural pursuits 
and spent the remainder of his life In his 
family were ten children, of whom the fol- 
lowing are remem1)ered : Hannah. Fliza- 
belh. [saac. Da\id. John and Leah, the last 
named being the widow of Daniel Allspaug'.i 
and a residient of Bloom t<kwnship. 

John Hummell. the father of our sub- 
ject, was i^orn in Ik-rks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and in his youth lived in a wild dis- 
trict of the Keystone state. At one time 
he encountered a i^anther and on account of 
the unsettled condition, of the localitv he 
endured many hardsliips and privations. In 
the year 1827 he first came t(j Fairfield 
count}-, making the entire distance on foot. 
Pfe did not make .a permanent l(.)cation 
luit in 1832 returned to this count v. Pic 
was a carpenter by occupation and at first 
to"k up his aboile in Lithopolis. where he 
followed Ins trade. Later. h<;we\-tj:r. he 
tin-ned his attention to farming- and pur- 
chased land, upon which our subject now 
resides. This was in 1837. He paid eleven 
hundred dollars for the tract, securing the 
farm from the W'id' 'W Rickits. He bor- 
rowed fifty dollars, which he added to the 
one hundred dollars he already possessed, 
and thus was al^le to n^ake his first payi-aent 
of one hundred and fifty dollars. Subse- 
quently he became an e.\tensi\e land f>wner as his financial resMin-ces increased he iu- 
vesteil in property until his possessions were 
very valuable. A< a companion and heln- 
mate for the journey <>f life he chose Mary 


Dove, a dauglitcr of Henry Dove. \\!io 
came from l\(«ckii:,L;liaTii muuty. \'ii\t;inia. 
in 1803. ami entered land in i;ii:iini town- 
snip. The tract is still in jiiissession of rc')- 
resentatixes of the name. He li\-ed to the 
acKanced aye of nincty-uno years, three 
months and eight days, passing away in 
1836. Mrs. l)M\e's danghter was burn in 
]>looni townshiii and was one of seven chil- 
dren: Peggy, who liecame ^Nlrs. Orwig'; 
Ruben; Jacob; Sallie ; Elizabeth, who became 
the wife of Solonion Kistler and died in 
Kosciusko county, Indiana; Elijah, who 
owned the old homestead, which f<!r nine- 
ty-nine years has been in the family and is 
liow owned by his son. Edward, wdio lives 
in Kansas: Mary, now Mrs. Hummell : and 
Mrs. Laney ]\b:>nlgoniery, of Eremont. 
Sandusky comity, IJhio. Of this family 
Mary Du\e Hummell was born in 181 5 and 
by her marriage l.iecamc the mi:vtlier of 
twelve children, ten of whom reached year> 
of niaturitx", while eight are yet li\'ing'. 'J"hc 
record is as follows: H. L, a skilled physi- 
cian, now practicing in Baltimore, Ohio; 
Sarah, the wife of ^^"illianl Jacob-, ^\ho re- 
sides on the old homestead ; ^lartin Luther, 
of Shelbx- county, Illinois; Jerome D. : Sa- 
luda, the decea>ed wife of Erederick 
P)Orchers: Elizabeth, the deceased wife of 
Philenvni Barr; Margaret ]M. and Xancy, 
wdio live on the old homestead; and Mary 
and Solomon, who died in infancy. The fa- 
ther of this family was a nian of strict in- 
tegrity and sterling worth. He was a good 
mechanic and jKjSsessed many sterling qual- 
ities. He opened the hr>t mine in Sumnrdit 
Hill, Pennsylvania, and helixxl to run the 
first car and lay the hrst T track, being an 

employe of Stephen Girard, for whom he 
was also engaged in buiUling boats. Plis 
hrst tri]) to Bloom township was made on 
fo(;t and the second time he came by stage, 
but while enr( ule had to assist in getting 
the stage out of the mud. As the years 
passed, however, he prospered and a com- 
fortable comi)etencc rewanle<l his labors. i-> 
died ] V'ceniber 17, 1870, at the age (if sixty- 
h\e years and his wife passed away August 
14, 1890. >il 'he age of eighty- four years. 
She ptj-~sessed a most remarkable memory 
and was otten called upon to settle i.lisputes 
in the neighborhood concerning' lines, sur- 
veys, etc. 

Jerome Hummell, whose name intro- 
duces this review, was reared upon the olo 
home farm and accpu'red his education un- 
der consideralile difh.culty. He first at- 
tended the common schools and afterward 
the Pleasant Township Senunary, which he 
entered in Aiigust, i860, spending three 
months there. He afterward became a stu- 
dent in the Union schools of Baltimore. 
Ohio. Having no money he had to make 
his own way but his strong determinati' n 
and laudable ambition enabled him eventu- 
allv to secure a good education. He after- 
ward engaged in teaching scho-il at "Bun- 
ker Hill," in Liberty township, and for sev- 
enteen years cijutinued tO' follow that pr:> 
fession with excellent success thnxigh the 
winter months and in the meantime accumu- 
lated about four thousand dollars. The only 
mone\- which he received from his father to 
assist him in securing his own education, 
was eleven dollars and fifty cents. \Vhen 
thirtv-eight years of age he ha<l two hun- 
dred dollars and a horse and bugg-}-. At that 



time he began sa\ing his money and t.i-day 
he is tlie owner nf a \cry \aUiahle pi'i.j)- 
erty i>f three lunuh-ed acres. comiiri>ing sume 
of tlie r>est land in lUn.mi funship. Jn 
tact, the farm i> hardly equaled in Fairfiei-l 
county. ]n addiiion to fanning he has car- 
ried on oijcraticjus in the grain tra'le. l.ieing 
the. first man to ship a car load of grain 
down, the valley. Jn i86j he l)ecame a rep- 
resentati\-e of mercantile interests in Bal- 
timore, as a ])artner of his brother. H. i. 
Hummell, under the firm name of J. D. 
Hummell & Brother. 'Jdiis connection wa-^ 
maintained for cme \-ear when our subject 
sold his interest to Edwin Elli^. In all his 
business undertakings he has mitnifested. 
keen discrimination, enterprise and- un- 
flagging persc\erance and these qualities 
have been imi>ortant elentents in winning 
him success. 

Mr. Hummell was married July 4. 187'^. 
to Miss Rosa A. Bounds, a daughter of 
David and Sarah ( Millhouse) Botmds. 
Tliey have one child. Edmund Ray. who 
graduated from the law dejvirtment of the 
Oliio University in June. 1902. and expects 
soon to enter Yale college. In jwlitics Mr. 
Hummell has always supported the Demo- 

cratic parts, lie has lieen called upi 'U to fi'l 
a number of local otlices. He has served 
as a mcni'ocr of the lioa.rd of education; 
has tilled many positions of trust; and 
sex'eral times lias been called upon to ad- 
minister e-tates. In the fall of iS<)(j lie 
was aijjx.inted by Ciovernor Bushneil as a 
delegate from the Twelfth District of Oliio 
as a representative to the Farmers' Xa- 
tional Congress, which was held in Boston ' 
in October, 1899. Through his jHirsonal 
vvork the route of tiie electric road from 
Columbus to Lancaster was changed for 
two miles to take in the town of Carrol!. 
But for his hard and persistent etiorts the 
road would have passetl one-half mile west 
of the town limits. Both he and- his wife- 
are devoted and faithful members of the 
Greenfield Presbyterian church in which he 
has served as trustee and is now leading 
elder. Few men have manifested a deeiier 
or ntore helpful interest in the public welfare 
than has Mr. Hummell. With keen fore- 
sight he has seen the possibilities of tlie 
country and has done his best to improve 
these. As a citizen he is both public spirit- 
ed ajid progressive and all who knew hiiu. 
entertain for him the highest regard. 


The name of Charles Rol>ert Sherman 
figures conspicuously in the early histctry of 
Fairfield county and also in the hist<ir\- of 
the state. He. of whom we write, was 
pronfinent in civil and militar\- circles and 

w-ion distinction as a most eminent member 
of the early Ohio Ixir. His was a strong 
and u-pright manhood ; the sterling qualities 
of his nature were inherited by his two sons, 
John and William Sherman, whose names 


adorn the ])at;'es i;>l American histurv; tlic 
<;>ne attaining; to tl/e liii^he^t eminence as a 
.^talesman, the nthei" winning; military (hs- 

Charles Ri.vjcrt Sherman was liorn in 
Xi rualk. Cuiinecticul. nu the ijtli of Se;)- 
temlter. ijf^S. He was the eUlest son of 
Judge Tayli>r Sherman and F.hzabeth Stod- 
dard. Sherman, sun of Judge Dan- 
iel Shennan, was h'jrn in 1758 and was mar- 
ried in 1787 to Elizaljcth Stoddard. Thc;.- 
niovcd to Xorwalk. Ci 'nnecticut, wliere he 
spent his life, dying ^Jay 15. 1815. Fdiza- 
beth Studdartl \va.- horn at Woodbury, 
Connecticut. June 17. 1707. After the deatli 
of her husband she came to Ohii_> with her 
children, living first with Cliarles R. Sher- 
man in Lancaster, flere her first daughter, 
Elizabeth, married the future Judge Parker, 
who studied law with Charles R. Shennan, 
and she went with them ti.i live in ^Mansfield, 
Ohio. She was a granddaughter of Rev. 
Antlnaiy Stoddard of Connecticut. She 
<lied in Mansfield. Ohio, August i, 1S48. 
Charles R. Sherman recei\'ed a g(X)d educa- 
tion, studied law and was admitted to the 
bar in 1810. ]\Iay 8, 1810, he was marrie<I 
to Mary Hoyt. of Xorw-alk, Connecticut, 
a playmate from childhood. She was the 
daughter of Isaac Hoyt, a pronrinent citi- 
zen of Xorwalk, a man in C(nufi>rtable cir- 
cumstances. She was educated at die 
Poughkeepjie, Xew York, Female Sem- 

In 1810, sonie months after he was mar- 
ried, he came to Ohio to Irntk ni> a liKation. 
He visited Lancaster and decided ti> make 
his home there, and in December of that 
vear or in the winter ni 181 1 he returned tn 

C<-'nnecticut, where he remained until the 
sunnner of 181 1. \\lien he, in company with 
his wife and >uung child, Charles T. Sher- 
man, returned to Lancaster. The trip was 
made i.n horseback, and the babe was carrie-d 
the entire distance resting on a pilli>w. The 
trip showeil the pluck and sjiirit of this Xew 
England crjuple. Charles R. Sherman im- 
mediately became one of the leading spirits 
of his new home, and we find him within 
one year the major of the First Regiment 
of Ohio Militia. He was the brilliant young 
orator who addressed the militia., called to- 
gether by the go\ernor for the purpr.^e of 
oi>taining \-olnnteers for the war against 
(jreat Britain. This e\ent twik place April 
lO, iSiJ. His speech was reported by San- 
derson's Indei)endent Press and may be 
found in John Sherman's Autobiography. 
The result of this meeting was the raising 
of a company by George Sanderson, which 
was soon to be surrendered by General Hull 
at Detn-vit. 

Xovember c;. 1813, he was apix^inted by 
I'resident Madison, collector of internal 
rcK'enue tor the Third District of Ohio, 
wliich position he held for many years. In 
July, 1817, without previous notice, the 
g(..\ernment refused to take any monev from 
collectors, except paper of the Bank of the 
United States. Tliis order foiuid large 
sums in the hands of his deputies in cnrrt^icv 
that si on became Wiirthless. To add to this 
calamity, some of his deputies failed, an<l 
failure on his part could not be averted. 
Sherman went down, and his bondsmen. 
Judge Sanuiel Carpenter an.d Judge Daniei 
\'an Metre, went with him. It is well known 
that .Mr. Sliennan subsecjuently made good. 

•J •>I'i,jr. 



tlieir losses and sc|iiarcil liis acconnts wit-.i 
the go\erninent. In iSj^ he was elected 
fnic of the jiulg'es of the siiprenie cuiu't of 
Oiho Iiy the legislature. Hi.>, associates 
were judges I'ease, Hitchcock and i'urnett, 
men of great ability and wide experience. 
It is suthcieiit cxidence "f his ahility as a 
lawyer to kr.uw that the Ohio legislature 
thought him wcirthy tn he the associate of 
such eminent jurists, lie died at Lebanon. 
Oiiio, June 24. iS_'9, in hi> forty-hrst year, 
m the prime C'f life and in the midst of u^^e- 
fulness. It is safe to say that at the time 
of his death he was the ablest lawyer and 
most [xjpular citizen of Lancaster, secou'l 
to no man. 

The first case of Charles R. Sherman as 
attorney at the Lancaster bar. that is re- 
corded, is Fanny [Mills against Jacob Biwi?. 
the overseer of the po-or. for the restoration 
of her child l^eggy, who had been taken 
from her on the plea that she could not sup- 
port her. She was an unmarried woman, 
the child a mulatto. The petition in this is dated December 18, iSio. At the 
January term, iSu, he was prosecuting at- 
trirney. But his name is not again men- 
lii.'ued in that connection and the presump- 
ti(jn is that R. F. Slaughter was sick or 
absent and that he performed the duty ot 
jiiosecutor that term by direction of the 

Judge Sherman is described as a gentle, 
genial man with a brilliant mind and soun.d 
judgment, and b<'th as judg-e and man < f 
stainless integrity. He had the esteem and 
confidence of his associates upon the bench, 
and made friends in every court roorii atid 
%\as the idol of the voung lawvers of Ohio. 

For many years he was a very prominent 
and enthu.siaslic member of the Masonic 
fraternity and master of the l-nlge in Lan- 
caster. Judge Sherman was a hos[>itai>'e 
man and his home was the center of a re- 
fined society. lie entertained many dis- 
tinguished guests. Governor De Witt Clin- 
ton and the Duke of Sa.\e Weimer were en- 
tertained by him in the year 1825. 

He was a trustee of the Ohio University 
at -Mthens, and a member of the comntittee 
that e.xajiiined Thomas Ewing in grammar, 
rhetoric, languages, geography, natural and 
moral philosophy, logic, astronomy and 
mathematics. 'J'he committee expressed 
much gn-atification at his proficiency, and 
^lay 3, 1815, recommended him for the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts and Sciences. The 
death of Judge Sherman left his widow with 
the care and' training of eleven children, 
none of whom had reachctl their majority 
and with limited means for their support. 
The friends of Judge Sherman came to her 
relief and assisted in caring for the children. 
In the year 1844 she removed to Mansfield, 
Ohioy where John Shemnan and the two 
youngest daughters made up the family. 
The young people soon married, but she con- 
tinued to keep house up to the time of her 
death, September 23, 1S52. Her remains 
were brought to Lancaster and interreil lie- 
side those of her husband in Elmwo<~>d Cent- 
etery. The history of the eleven orphan 
children of Judge Sherman is a veiw re- 
markable one. The daughters were all hap- 
pily married to men whc) attained prom- 
inence in the cunummities in which they 
live. The s<3ns were all successful men in 
business or iit professions. 


Eli7al)cth nian-ied William J. Reese: small cliil. hen <ui that awful day wiien the 

Amelia, Uohcrt McCnnih. ..f AlansrieUl : news came that Jiul.Qe Siiermaii was dvin;^ 

Julia. J. -Im (i. Will., ek, of Lancaster: Susan. in a distant town, 1>ut kmd frieiuls and W, Piartlcy. ,.f Mansfield, who be- time, with its liealin- puwer, soothed their 

came -overnor of Ohi,, ;uid jud-e of the sorrows and dried their tears. The .i;<md 

sui)iemc court: and I'arrie mai ried C. \\". m!.:.ther lived to see her children well cstab- 

:\]oulton. of Cincinnati. Tliere arc tho^e li.shcd in the w.;'rld and her tw»> favorite 

still livin- in l.ancasler who witnessed the bms just enterin.i^- upon careers as wr.nderful 

sorrow and distress of the mother and her and as hon(;ral>le as anv of the centurv. 


Gec>rge S. Courtright has devoted his 
life to labors wherein wealth and infltience 
availeth little or naught, the measure of 
success depending upon mentality, the abil- 
ity — both natural and acquired — and the 
broad culture of the individual possessing 
all the requisite qualities of an able physi-. 
cian. Dr. Couilriglit has advanced to a 
position prominent in the inedical fraternity 
of Ohio, and is now successfully practicing 
in Lithopolis. The Doctor was born April 
27, 1840. in Pickaway county. Ohio, a son 
of Jesse D. and Sally (Stout) Courtright, 
the former a native of Fairfield count)-, 
Ohio, and the latter of Pennsylvania. He 
was educated in the common schools and \n 
South Salem Academy, Ross county, Ohio, 
and after completing his literary course 
took up the study of medicine, intending to 
make its practice his life work. He pursued 
his studies in Cincinnati and was gratluated 
in the ^ledical College of Ohii:> in 1862. 

For some years thereafter he was a well 
known educator in the line rrf his profes- 
sion. Fie was resident surgeon of St. John's 
Fiospital in 1S61, and of the Cincinnati 
Hospital in 1862, continuing in that ca- 
pacity until he went inti:> the army in the 
month of Xoveml>er, 186 J, entering the 
service as crtntract surgeon, remaining in 
that capacity until August, 1863. -^^ ^'i^^ 
time he became assistant surgeon of the 
United States \'olunteers, app<>inted Lv 
President Lincoln. He was sent to Burn- 
side's army in the Department of the Ohii) 
anfl in October he recei\ed orders from the 
war department to report to Santa Fe, Xew 
Mexici>. to the general then commanding 
that dixisicju. He made a trip froiir 
Kansas City to Fort Leavenworth and 
thence by stage, a distance of one thou- 
sand miles, to Santa Fe. The troops in that 
locality captured nine thousand Indians and 
held California and L'tah. He was ap- 




2^^ c^, i/jmulM^'^. 


j.iiiiited nKijnr by lirevet fur galhuu and 
meritorious service during llie war. In l)c- 
fcniber, i8('»5. the iJoctor returned froni 
lM>rt Craig. Xew Mexico, to (.'incinnati. an.d 
in \^(iG lie became demonstrator of anatomy 
in the Miami Medical College, \vhcre he re- 
mained for t\v'> years. In i86S he came to 
Lithi^polis. where he has since resided. 

In May ff that year he was united 
in marriage to Miss Margaret Cc>rnelia 
Stevens, of Leliam-n. Warren ci:«imty. and 
they now ha\e one :>on. Jesse Stexens, who 
i> a resident of Pickawax county. The 
Doctor is a n'.ember of the Grand Army 
post and of the Loyal Legion. He is also a 
member of the so-ldiers' relief commission 
of I'.loom township. He is a Knight Tem- 
I>lar Mason and has attained the thirty-sec- 
ond degree of the Scottish Rite. He is also 
identified with the Presbyterian church, is 
its treasurer, and for thirty-tue years lias 
been one of its faithful members. He was 
aUo president of the board of pension ex- 
aminers for nearly four years. He has 
served as the president of the scho '1 board 
of Lithopolis ami takes a deq) interest in 
everything that pertains to the public wel- 
fare. In po-litics he has always supported 
the Democratic party. In the line of hi? 
profession lie is connected with the Hr^rk- 
ing \'alley Medical Association and is a life 
nieml)er of the State Medical Society of 
Olvio. He als.> belongs to tlte American 
Medical .Association. He is an extremely 
Inisy and successful practitiiMier, constantly 
•overburdened by demands fi>r his services. 
Iioth professiouallv and socially. He is a 
tnan of the higliest and purest character, an 
industrious and ambitious student and was 

a g-ifted teacher. Genial in disposition, un- 
obtru.-ive and unassuming, he is patient 
imder .adverse criticism, and in his ex- 
I)ressions concerning bnither practitioners 
is friendly and indulgent. 

The genealogy of the Coui-trigbt family 
is traced by Rikcr, the historian-genealogist, 
to the fourteenth centurv. 

The name was originally van Kortr>k, 
and as family names were the exception and 
not the rule among our early fc.refathers, 
some difficulty has been experienced by 
genealorgists in tracing- the family history of 
many of the old families. During the lime 
of John Calvin the van Kortryks. like many 
other of the old and wealthier families, be- 
came Pnjtestants (or follouers of Calvin). 
They builded churches and the Protestants 
I'.ecame xery slrc.-ng numerically as well as 
financially, but the church of Rome was 
^'ery powerful, and by superior forces dro\e 
the members of the new religious sect ivoni 
their native country. The van Kortryks 
inhabited the country along the borders of 
Spain and France, but the religious perse- 
cution drove them to Flanders and thence 
to Leerdom — central of the district stood 
the cit}' i>f Leerdom. giving" name ti> a oun- 
ty in which it was situateil, — a les'el grazing 
country, otherwise calletl the Prince's Land, 
l)ecause inherited by a son of William of 
Orange from his mother, Anne of Egniont. 
In the language of the historian, '"To Leer- 
dom had retired from the religious troubles 
in Flanders the family of Sel.)astien or 
Bastiaen \an Kortryk — aliout all we biow 
of this Kortryk progenitr.r with his royal 
Spanish name.'' During the humane rule 
of Philip the Fourth the condition of the 


Protestants Ijocanie much im]H'r>vcd. luit 
later \\itne?se(l criicl perseciUi>!ii-;. On the 
ri\"er Lvs was Imililed a city named alter 
tlie family. Rikcr savN; "Kcirtryk was a 
Flcmisli town yet fartlicr i!o\\n the L}'S, 
which Avithin the previous ceiuiny had wit- 
nessed cruel persecutions, and during tlie 
existing war ( liow great its calamities!) 
had changed hautls four times in five years. 
But one of its families had escaped these 
last trouhles hy leaving some years before; 
we refer to the ancestcrs of the Kortrright 
or Coiu'tright fami!_\ , in its da}- one of the 
most wealthy in landed p<iS5essii>ns in Har- 

Sebastien rr llastiaen von, or van. 
Kortryk was the heail of the Ciairtright 
family as far as can be traced by gene- 
ah.igi-ts. He lived in the fi nrteenth cen- 
tury from all that can be learned of him. 
He was the father i-.f two boys. Jan and 
^lichiel. They were biirn at l^eerdom. 
While they both married, we km w nothing 
of the progeu}- ni the former, but Michiel. 
or "Chiel, Kortryk seemed to prosper. In 
twentieth century i)arlance he became 
"rich." and lived with his family lY»r some 
time in a pretty village called "Schoonre- 
woerd," two luiles northerly from Leerdom, 
his birthplace. 

In and al»ut Leerdom and Schoonre- 
woerd these pei^ple and descendants lived 
for al:K:)ut one hundred years. Selling out 
their estates, which the historian says were 
"large." they went td the city of Amster- 
dam. Axhere they and their descendants lived 
for about annther century. 

On April t6. i'''''),^, tw.. ■►f the \-an or 
von Kortryks. by iiame Jan and Michiel — 

lineal de.-cendants of the uriginal Michiel or 
"Chiel— with their families embarked on a 
ve.s-c] called the "P.rindled Ow." Jan Ber- 
gen, master, for New Amsterdam ( Xew 
^ ork). They arrived in New York and Ic- 
cated in what is now the upper jtortion of 
the city and in the division of the county. 
The township !in which they lived was- 
named after the family — Knrtright. for the 
name had then been Anglicized to that 

The great-great-grandfather of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, Lawrence Korlright. was 
the eldest son of his father. Cornelius Kort- 
right. He Avas a merchant and became 
wealthy and prominent. In the old French 
war he was part owner of several privateers 
fitted out at Xew York against the enemy. 
He was one of the f|;u^der.•^ of the Chamber 
of Commerce. He had large interests in 
Tyro county lands. Before his death 
he conveyed his lands to his only son, 
John, the great-grandfather of the sul- 
ject of this sketch. He died in 1794. 
By his wife, who was Hannah .\.s]iin- 
wall, besides his sou John, who \\as 
a captain and afterwards C'donel during 
the Re\-<ilutionary war, biu better known 
as "Captain Jwhn,"' he had four daugh- 
ters — -Sarah, who married Colonel Jiihn 
Heylinger, of Santa Cruz : LI ester, w ho 
mar.-ied Xichc^las Goriverneur. Esquire: 
Elizabeth, who married Hon. James ^Mon- 
roe. who afterwards became twice go\ernor 
of \*irginia and twice president of the 
L'nited States, and author of the famous 
"Monroe Doctrine:" and Mary, whn mar- 
ried Tliomas Knox. Esquire. 

Captain John married Catharine, daugh- 


UT of Eiiiminil Seaman. Esquire. He died 
in 1810, lea\ing a widow, who afterward 
married flenry B. Livingston. Esquire. 
His son Jolm, t!ie grandfather of the sub- 
iecl of this sketch, emigrated from Pennsyl- 
\ania about the beginning of the last cen- 
lurv and located in Blomi township in 
1802, wlicre he H\cd continuously until his 
death, in iS'^V His youngest soni Jesse D., 
married Sally Stout, to whom were born 
nine children, four daughters and five sons: 
]\larv Jane, who married Thomas Ode, now 
deceased; Sarah, who married E. Wcsten- 
liaver. now deceased; Elizabeth, now the 
widr*w of the late E. F. Berry ; John, a prom- 
inent farmer of Walnut township, Pickawa) 
countv; Judge Samuel \V.. of Circleville; 
Dr. Alva P.. miw deceased; and Edson B,. 
who die<l just as he had attained liis man- 
hood; and the youngest girl, wh.o died in 
infancy ; also George S.. the subject of above 

B.efore the Rc\-olution the prefix Aan 

or von was drMppcl. but the name was 
never completely Anglicized ur.til th.e lat- 
ter ]>art of the eigiuccuth century, when by 
commDU consent the first syllable was 
changed to "Coiu't" instead of "Kurt.'" The 
name became changed about that time in 
other respects. i>ne oi the family writing his 
name "Cartwright.'" Peter Cartwriglu. the 
wiirld-famf>us Methodist preacher, was a 
cousin of grandfather Courtright. Another 
member of the family removed to ^^lary- 
land and his name wa,s changed or c'r- 
ru]ited to "Cutright." and we have in 
southern Ohio a large family or familie> l>y 
that name, descendants of die ^larvlander. 

But the farnilv as a family dropped the 
prefix "van" or "vn." later Anglicized the 
second and later the first, so that the name 
has been for more than a century Court- 

It would require a volume to give in de- 
tail the complete history of this family, the 
foregoing being Init a brief synopsis. 


James \V. \\'ilso\i is a representative of 
pioneer families of Fairiield- county and 
makes his Imme du section t^t,. Greenfield 
tnwn.-~lnp, where he fnUrnvs fanning. Elere 
he was horn on the 5th if May. 181 8. His 
jiaternal grandfather was the Ht.'U. Nathan- 
iel Wilson, a native r.f Scotland. \\\v< after 
eni'.grating to the new W'jrld resiiled near 

Carlisle. r\nns_\dvania. for a time and then 
came to Oliio, settling in Fairfield comity, 
where he was a distinguished early residen.t. 
He served as a member of the state legis- 
lature and as a justice of the peace, and 
his Wi>rth and abilit)' made him a leader of 
public thought and action. After al.xait 
eight vears' residence in Fairfield county he 

-..M\A sWX 

..,1 ..(U DiMJo/r 


was calleil tu Iiis rcwai'J in Uie liomc 

l\\^ son, William Wilson, tlic father of 
our sul)jcct. \va- Ujni v. ithiii two miles of 
Carlisle, IV'nii-yhania, ami there remained 
until hi-i rcmma! tn Fairhcld county, Ohio. 
He and hi,-- f'jin- hrotiiers located near Lan- 
caster, three of them making their homes 
on section 33. The father of our suliject 
\vas united in marriage to Rachel W'elU. a 
daughter oi General James Wells, an old 
Re\r.luiionary sijldier. whn wa- se\ere!_\- 
wounded Iry the Indians. H'is aucestry 
could he traced hack to James Wells, an 
Englishman, wlm on cr.ossing the .Vtlantic 
settled in P.allimore, ^laryland. He wa.s 
twice married and had twehe children br- 
each marriage. .Amung the number was 
(icneral James Wells, wlu) was born in 
Frederick county, Maryland, in the year 
iJ-:~\. while hi> death i.ccnrred on the 29th 
of January, JN14, when he was s:\t}--threc 
years I'f age. \\t ser\'ed as a soldier under 
Washington and tradition says that it was 
in the Ivevolutii.'uary war that he won the 
title of general. In 1773 he married Fxachel 
Brown, a daughter of Colonel Richard 
Brown. On tlie 17th of .\pril, 1795. he 
was made an associate judge of Somerset 
county. Pennsylvania. Later he removed 
fri'm that county to Holiday's Cove on the 
Ohio river, where his father-in-law then 
lived. Tn the tall of iRor he arrived in 
Oliii*. at which time there were only three 
or fr-ur k^g cabins at Lancaster, and wh.eiii 
the land sales took place he bought twelve 
hundred and eighty acres in one body, in 
Greenheld tnwr.-hii). He gave the greater 
part cf his attention to fanning and at one 

lime >erved as ju-tice of the peace of Green- 
field township. Among his children was 
Rachel Wells, who on the ]4th cf October, 
ih'oj. liecame the wife of William Wilson, 
'idieir marriage t(.>ok i)1ace at the forks of 
the Hocking in Greenfield townshi]). His 
death occurred September _'A. 1S51, ami his 
wife pa-sed away in 1842 at the age of tift\- 
live yeai's. After their marriage thev lived 
in a little log cabin in ( h-eenheld town>hip 
and in true jjioneer style their early married 
life was jjassed. Unto them were In rn ten 
children: Amanda, Minerva, Calista. Eliza- 
beth. Rachel, Louisa^ Xathaniel, James W,, 
William Harvey and Ambrose. Only two 
of the number are now living, namelv: 
Jame> W.. of this review ; and Loui-a. the 
wife of ]ienry Pence, a resident <,{ Brad- 
\i!le. Page coutUy, Lwva. 

Jame- W. Wilson, of this review, was 
the seventh child and second son of the fam- 
ily and the only one still living in l-\airlield 
county. Pie remained upon the hi>me farm, 
where he is now living until twentv-one 
years of age, after which he spent two wears 
in Lidiana. On the expiration ( t that 
period he returned and has since remained 
upon the farm. gi\ing his entire life to agri- 
cultural pursuits. Pie .lias ever been pro- 
gressive in his methods of farming and the 
fields ha\e retm^ned to him a golden trib- 
ute in return for his careful labors and act- 
ive management. 

On the 17th of Jaiuiary, 1844, James A\', 
WiPon was united in luarriage 10 Rosann 
Wolf, a native of Pickaway county. Ohio, 
born on ihe Tst of January, 1S19. and a 
daughter of Philip and Rebecca- (Philh'i)") 
Wolf, the t(irmer a native of Pennsvh-ania 



and tlic latter of IMaryhiiul. Her fatlier was hecca. who are at home f and Lueretia, who 
twice married, Mrv Wilsi.n heiny the is deceased. Thnaighout his entire hfe ?dr. 
y(iuni;e-t of ele\en cliildren. Slie was WilM-n has given hi> poHtical sup[)ort to the 
reared in rickaway ci'unty, Oiii>', and In- Dennicracy, hnt has had no desire t'l-r pul.i- 
her marriage lias licci nie the niijlher c.if se\'en lie nl'llce, [jreferring that his attentic_>n shniild 
children: George, who is living in Pick- he given to his farming interests, in which 
away c.-unty; (instine. who lives at home; he has met with a very creditable degree of 
Jolm. 'I Pickaway county: McLiirv. who succc-^s, being numliered among the well- 
resides >outh of Lanca^ter: Rachel and ]\e- to-do farmers of his vicinitv. 


The true measure of individual success 
is determined b_\- what ■ :ne has accomplished, 
and, as taken in contradistinction to the old 
adage that a prophet is not without hon<ir 
save in his own ci:>untr}-. there is particular 
interest attaching to the career of the sulv 
ject of this review, since he is a native son 
of tlie place where he has ]iassed his active 
life, and so- directed his al)ility and effr.rts 
as V I gain recognition as one of the rei)re- 
sentative citizens of Lancaster. He is act- 
i\ely connected with a profession which has 
intpoi-tant bearing upon the progress and 
stal)le prosperity of any section or com- 
munity, and one which has long been con- 
sidered as conserving the public welfare by 
furthering- the ends of justice and main- 
taining individual rights. For many years 
he ser\ed on the proljate bench and no niore 
capable officer has ever occupied that posi- 

An inherited tendencv and environment 

have both undoul.itetlly had much to do in 
shaping- the career of Judge Philemon. Beech- 
er Stanbery. His maternal grandfather was 
Philemon Beecher. a native of A'irginia, 
who became an eminent mcmlier of the bar 
of ].ancaster. of which Thrmias E\\ ing was 
so long the acknowledged leader. Plis 
daughter married Henry Stanbery, who was 
the second member of that bar in point of 
ability and distinction. Among the five 
children born of Henry and Frances E. 
(Beecher) Stanbery was the subject of this 
review, and in his christening was perpetu- 
ated the full name of his maternal grand- 
father. His parents had become residents 
of Lancaster, where his father was prac- 
ticing law. arid it was here that the Judge 
was 1-vorn r>n the ^tli of ^fay, 1832. At the 
usual age he entered the public scIka^Is and 
later he spent fcair years as a student in the 
Kinslev ^Military Academy, situated on the 
Hudson river, one mile below West Point. 

.Ij .11.': 

V^K^'jl^A (.■. ' ITOiV 



Avlicre he remaint'il t)(.'l\vecn the ages of 
tliirteeii and seveiUeen years. Like his fa- 
tlicr lie maiiifesled special fl.ndne^s for 
b(_>i>ks and a desire to aciiiiire a broad 
classical education, lie mastered liis stmlies 
\vith ease and ra[)idity and when >eventeen 
years of age matriculated in Keny in Col- 
lege at Gambier, Ohio, wheix- he remaineil 
two years, that institutitm hCnv^ une of the 
most reputable for higher educati<:n in the 
west, numbering among its stutlents men 
wlio afterward attained marked tlistinction 
in various walks of life. The judge, how- 
ever. ccMiipleted his college course in the 
Ohio University in .\thens. where he was 
graduated with high honors with the class 
of 1853. 

At that time he entered up(>n his busi- 
ness career as a member of a corps of civil 
engineers engaged in surveying the line and 
establishing the graile of the Ohio Central 
and of the Little }i[iami Railn-ails. l'p<in 
the completion of this work in iS^Ti Ik- made 
his wa_\' westward to Fort Des Moines, 
which afterward became the cai)ital of Liwa. 
and at that place he was admitted to the bar 
and entered upon the jiractice of l:i\v, for 
during his college course and sub-equeut 
thereto he had quietly and ])ersi-teTUly pur- 
sued a course i,f reading and >tudy of the 
law under the direction of his father, so that 
he was well qualified to become an active 
member of the profession. \Mien two years 
had passed he removed to Leaxenworth, 
Kansas, where be remained uiuil iSfio. but 
be had a stronger attachment for the state 
of his nativity than he did for the we<t and 
after four years siier.t beyond the INIissis- 
sippi he returned to Ohio and ti ok up his 

abode in Pomeroy. where he entered into a 
law jiartnership with Captain S. A. Burnap, 
which continued for several \ears. 

At the oi)eniug of the Rebellion Mr. 
Stanbery became a patriotic advocate of the 
Union cause and manifested his loyalty to 
the national government by joining Com- 
pany E of the Fourth Regiment of West 
\'irginia Infantry, of which he was made a 
first lieutenant in July. iS^i. Immediatelv 
afterward he was appointed adjutant of the 
regiment and in iSAj was selected bv Gen- 
eral H. B. Ewing as chief of staff, in w hich 
capacity he served until his return to his- 
regiment in 1863. At the siege of Vicks- 
burg in that year be was se\erely wc>unded 
and in consequence of bis disability ccca- 
sioned by his injuries be was granted an 
honorable discharge from the service on the 
loth of Septemlier, 1863. 

L^pon his return home Judge Stanbery 
resumed the practice of law and his clientage 
gradually increased in \'olume and im- 
portance with the growtli of the town. In 
public affairs he also took an active part and 
was elected mayor of Pomeroy, discharging- 
both the administrative and judicial duties 
appertaining to the office with such popular 
approval as to cijmmand re-election again 
and again, aiid when at length his mayor- 
alty service was ended he retired from 
office as he had entered it. — with the con- 
fidence and goiod will of the entire iniblic. 
Tn 1870 he was elected probate judge of 
r\Ieigs county, and twice afterward was he 
chosen to that office, holdinor the position 
for nine succe.^siN-e years. A conteir.])- irary 
biogra]iher, in speaking of this ])criod of his 
life, has stated: '"AH the rights and inter- 



e.>ts of widows atid orphans^ heirs am) 
!cs;atecs were carefully protected. His 
official duty was performed in accordance 
witli the law and his own sense of justice, 
\sithc>ut favor or prejudice. His intellectual 
integrity and moral hcmesty no less than the 
obligation imposed by his oath of office im- 
pelled not simply a financial accounting but 
also painstaking investigation to ar-certain 
the right and the equity of e\ery claim, 
whether of heir or creditor. Through it all 
he maintained the judicial acumen, the un- 
swerving impartiality and the iliscrinii- 
nating sense of justice which belong to the 
legal mind; the sensitiveness to criticism 
and the delicate appreciation of honor 
which are among the noteworthy character- 
istics of the noble and high-spirited man. 
In public otifice and in private life he has 
proved his fitness to be designated as the 
upright judge, the honest man." 

On the 20th of November, 1867, Judge 
Stanbcry was united in marriage to ^liss 
Margaret M. Hart. Five children were 
born of this union, Cecilia. Henry. Phile- 
mon B., Hart and Louisa. All of them are 
living except the eldest daughter. Cecilia, 
who died at the age of twenty-three. She 
was a most charming young woman in all 
the graces of person and the attributes of 
mind. Jler vivacity, sweetness of temper. 
and the loveliness of character lent a distinct 
attractiveness to the delightful hi me. and 
her early death brought to the hearts of 
doting parents the deepest grief. In re- 
membrance of her inspiring virtues, and as 
a fitting memi>rial. Judge Stanbery erected 
at Piimeroy a handsome rectory in connec- 
tion with Grace Episcopal church, cue of 

the most artistically beautiful clnirch edi- 
fices in southern Ohio in architecture and 

The Judge is an homered and active 
member of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, belonging to Gamaliel Bartlett Pust. uf 
Pomeroy. He tal-ces great interest in per- 
petuating the comradeship and the niemory 
of the great achievements of the Civil war. 
In all his business alt'airs Judge Stanberv 
has been known as a man of sterling worth 
and unswerving integrity. He possesses ex- 
cellent executi\e force and keen sagacity 
and these elements have enabled him to 
make judicious investment; which liave- 
pruven a source of desirable pn:ifit and in- 
come. He has never engaged in speculation, 
but along legitimate business lines has w>n 
a handsome competence. He has ever 
occupied a prominent position in the fore- 
most rank of the legal practitioners of Lan- 
caster. His life has been one ijf untiring . 
activity and has been crowned with a high 
ilegree of success, yet he is not less esteemed 
as a citizen than as a lawyer, and his kiiully 
impulses and charming cordiality of man- 
ner have rendered him exceedingly popular 
among all classes. The favorable judgment 
which the world passed upon him in his 
early years has never been set aside 'nor in 
any degree modified. It has. on the con- 
trary, been emphasized by his careful con- 
duct of important litigation, his candor and 
fairness in the presentation of case-, his 
zeal and earnestness as an advocate, and the 
generous commendation he has received 
from his contempDraries. who unite in 
bearing testimony as to his high character 
and superior mind. 



The stanip (lesiLjnaiins^- tnie nobility of whom were natives of (ierniany. The !).,c- 
cliaracier must ever liiul its ine!Yaiile tracery ler acquired his early education in Suuburv, 
on the brow (if one wlio sets himself apart Pennsylvania, but he had to depend largely 
from the "inaddini;- crowd's ii^noble strife" upon his own resources in order to secure 
and dedicates hi^ life to the uiilifting of his more than a coimnou scIum)] training. Mc 
fellow men. .More than sui-ierlicial iinesti- taught schoi <1 in ( iermantown, Kentuckv inr 
gation i- demanded when one e~>ays to de- two years, lacing princii)nl of the Boys' I'rc- 
ternune the luental struggle and tiie spirit paratory School there. He afterward con- 
of uu'^elhsh devotion tliat nni>t animate the tinned his stuilies and was grarluated in 
man who gives all that he has and all that Wittenberg College of Springfield. Ohio, 
he hopes to i>c to ser\ice in the great vine- as one (^f the honored men of his class, lie 
yard of life, seeking reward only in that then served for a short time under Gene'-al 
realm ■"uhere moth and rust do ni.t C(.irrupt J. Warren Keifer. in the Civil war. and 
and where thieves do not break through an. I aided in the capture of the noted rebel 
steal." Preparations for labors in the prie--t • leader Morgan. He then ;ig-ain took up his 
hiMxl are ])erforce exacting, demanding an college wc;rk and was graduared iu the theo- 
cver ready sympathy, a broad intellcctualit\- logical department of Wittenberg College, 
and an unswerving fidelity. Sotfing synic- after which he was a>signed to lus past(jrate 
ism and careless irreverance would often be at \'an Wert. (Muo. Subserpiently he went 
silenced if i.'uly the inner life of those w^lio to Harrisburg. Pennsylvania, ami in the 
ministered in holy places uught b-e laid ojxmi spring of 1S70 he came to Lancaster as pas- 
tor inspection. Honor i> due and honor will tor of the Fir■^t b'liglish Lutheran church, 
be paid when once there comes a deeper un- remaining in charge for ten vears. during 
der.-tanding of the truth. which time he also preached everv Sunilav 

We are led t.i this train of thought aftenionn in the tloys' Industrial School 

thrc^ugh reflecting up'>n the life record of from the time of its establi--hmeut. He 

the Rev. George W. Halderman, 1). D., who labored untiringly and won the respect and 

for twenty-two years was i)a>tor of the First esteem of all people of ail dcuoniinations as 

English Lutheran church of Lancaster, and well as those of his own congregation. Per- 

vvhose influence was of no restricted order. liaps there has been no more popular minis- 

for lie was one of the mo^t di^tinguis!led ter in this city than was the Rev. George 

repre-entatives of hi> demmiination in this \\'. Halderman. His .sch(,larly attainments, 

part of the country. His birth occurred in his deep understanding of the wellsprings of 

Center county. Pennsylvania. March i. conduct and of human action as well as his 

18.^3. his parents being Samuel and Mar- comi)rehens;\ e knowledge of Christianity 

^garet (Kollmeyer) Halde-rnian, lx>th of and his oratorical ability made him a 


^9i J^ fA^^^j^-h^. 




eloquent, pleasant and entertaining- preacher. 
In 1879. liM\ve\er. lie resigned liis pastorate 
at Lancaster, and accepted a call fruni the 
Lutheran church at T'lla, lllin. >ls. wherein 
he remained fcr three years. He afterward 
spent one _\ear in Europe, an^l in the Holy 
Land, both for the benefit of his health and 
for the purpose of further stud}' an<I re- 
search. On his return he accepted a pastor- 
ate in Washington, Illinois, \\here he re- 
mained four vears. but at the end of that 
period he again acce-pte^l a call from the 
First English Lntlieran church of l^ancaster, 
continuing as its pastor until up to the time 
of his death. 

Dr. Halderman was married on the 26th 
of April. 1864. to }.liss M-ary Dallas Croth- 
ers. who died October 29. i8<'>6. and on the 
i6th of July, 1S73. he was again united 
in the holy Ix^nids of matrimon}'. the lady ijf 
his choice being Miss Philecta GriswoKl. 
daughter of Samuel A. and Ethelyn ( Kel- 
ley) Griswold. a sketch of whom appears 
on another page of this work. Unto Dr. 

Halderman and his wife was h<^\•n one son, 
John Crothcrs ILaldernian, who is n^nv a 
hanker of Pawnee City. Nebraska. 

In 1887 our subject p\n-chased a tine 
country home on the Cedar Hill Pike, ab.-ut 
two mUes west of tiie city, and the place is 
kn.'wn as -Haltchijah Heights." The resi- 
dence is a most Ijcauliful one. with tasteful 
surroundings ajid is now <:H;cupieil liy Mrs. 
Halderm;in. The Doctor was only ill for 
a lew days, holding communion in the 
church just ^ix days before his death. Hi> 
usefulness therefore continued until the last^ 
•and this was as he would have it. He passed 
a. way July 17. 1899, and his remains were 
interred in the Forest l\(.)se cemetery. Na- 
ture bestowed upon him many of her rare-t 
gifts. He [Kjssessed a mind of extraordiri- 
ary compass, an industry that Ijrought frirth 
evei-y spark <n" talent with which nature had 
endoweil him. He was in e\'ery way a insist. 
superi(.>r man. and moreo\-er he used his al)i!- 
ity for the benefit of his race, for his town,, 
his state and his nation. 


Van S. Burton, now deceased, wa.s, a its borders. He was a son of Jacob an.l 

man whom to know was to respect and Mary (Swenringen) Burton, who were 

lionor, and throughout his entire life he married June 6, 1790. It was in 1800 tliat 

lived so as to win tlie confidence and high they came to Ohii-> from Maryland, takinij 

regard of all with whom he was assixriated. up their al>xle in Fairfield county, uiiere 

He was born in Pleasant township. Fairhelil the father spent his entire life, devesting Ins 

county, in 1S06. and always resided within energies to agricultural pursuits. He be- 


came the owner of eiglit Inuulrcd and 
forty acres in } lucking township, one 
hun(h-eil ancj sixty acres in (ireentield 
townsiiip and also (,\\iied huiii in Lan- 
caster. He was a \ery prominent anvl in- 
rtnentia! citizen, a recognized leader in 
public thonght and action. A man of strong 
mentality and keen insight, he also pos- 
sessed a patriotic spirit, was deeply intei- 
ested in the welfare of his communit}' and 
l)ut forth c\cry effort for its adxancement 
ami improvement. That he enjoyed in a 
_high measure the regard and trust of his 
fellow men is shown by the fact that h.e w as 
chosen one of the associate jiulges of his 
district during the early part i>f the nine- 
teenth century and was also elected to repre- 
sent his district in the territorial legislature, 
where he tc">k an acti\'e jjart in framing the 
laws and measures that shapetl the [)olic}' ot 
Ohio at an early period. He died in 1841 
and his wife passed away some years pre- 
viously at the age of seventy-six years. In 
their family were ten children of whom \'an 
S. Burton was the ninth in order of birth. 
^Irs. Burti_>n was widely kn(_.\\n as a mid- 
wife thPHighout the wh'ie country. 

In taking up the personal history of 
\'an S. Burton we present to oiu' readers 
the life record of one who was widely and 
favorably known in Fairtiekl county. He 
remained in Pleasant township imtil 1S12 
w'hen his parents purchased land in Hocking 
township and remo\ ed to tliat farm. He 
then continued under the parental roof nntil 
his marriage, after which he retr»»ved to 
Hancock county and purchased land from 
the government. He develo^fcd his claim 
into a rich farm and located thereon, making 

it a good home for himself and familv, 
which was his place of residence until 1S44, 
when he returned to hairheld ct.untv and 
l>urcliased the farm m lb. eking township 
upon which his son Isaac now reside.-. This 
was a tract of one hundred acres and upon 
it he made all the imiirovements. for when 
it came int.i his possession not a furrow had 
been turned or an imi)ro\ement made. He 
erected a large, frame residence 
with a big barn and added oilier equipments, 
denoting the owner to be a man oi progres- 
sive si)irit, in touch with the most modern 
methods of agriculture. Througlnmt hi.s 
remaining days he here carried on farming 
and his labors were crowned with a high de- 
gree of success. He was also a millwright 
by trade and in his earlv life carried on that 
pursuit, but after removing to Hocking 
township his attention was given entirely to 
faninng and stock-rai.->ing. His business 
methods were ever hom.n'able and straight- 
forward and gained for him the regard and 
confidence of all with ^\hom he was asso- 

In Greenfield township. Fairfield county, 
]Mr. Burton was united in Ixaids of wed- 
lock to Lydia Rice, a daughter of ^^lichael 
and Rachel i Kester) Rice. Her father 
was a native si/u of Pennsylvania and came 
to Ohio in iSoo, l;efore the admission of 
the state inti.> the union. He was a 
soldier of the Rex'i.Jutionary war and was 
present at the surrender iti Cornwallis. 
When the country became in\ol\ed in the 
second war wdth England he jc)ined the 
American tr( ops ami fought for the rights 
of the nation. He acted as a teamster also, 
and hauled the baggage of General Harri- 


Sdii, will) was in CDinmand of the troops in 
tln> ji.rtion (.-f tlie country. }lis entire lite 
was i-ussed' in Cirecntield townshi]) alter his 
arrival in Fairlielil county, and there he dictl 
at the age of eiyiity-nnio years.' lie was a 
pri'Si)erous famter, whose imreniitting dili- 
gence and unflagging imlustry were tl'c 
means of enabling him to ticquire a \'er_\' competence. 

L'nto Mr. and }ilrs. P.m-ton were brirn 
ten children, i.vf w licmi eight arc yet living, 
as fellows : jacir!) resides upon the old home 
farm. Isaac and AJichael are also living 
uiK>n the farm; and are associated in its 
operation. Rachel dieil at the age of si.xty- 
one. She was the widow of Elijah Milli- 
gan, a lilacksmith of Clear Creek township. 
Shipman X. resides upon the old 
X'lace. He is married and has a family. 
George died in 1S76, at the age of thirty- 
one years. Hannah is also upon the old 
homestead. ^'an resides in Greenfield 
townshii) with his wife and family. Ly<lia 
is the wife of Daniel SitYord. a retired 
lumberman of Lancaster. Mary, who con.i- 
pletes the family, is also uiw.n the r>ld home- 
stead. The father of this family passed 
away on the nth of July, iSSS. at the age 
of eighty-two years, and his death was 
widely and deeply mourned for he was long 
accoimted one of the most honored and rep- 
resentative citizens of Fairfield county. 
Through much of the centur\- he witnessed 
its gn.mth and tc^jk an active interest in all 
that pertained to its welfare and advance- 
ment. He saw its wild lands transforme 1 
into beautiful homes anfl famis, while 
splendiil pikes to<:>k the place oi Indian trails 
and the railroad, telegraph and telephone 

were mlroduced. He served as ju>tice of 
the peace while living in Hancjck count\, 
lining the iitiice fi>r eight or ten years, b,;i 
he was never a politician in the sense of 
oltice seeking, pieferring that his attentiiiu 
should; l>e given to business att'airs and to 
the di.scharge of his duties o^ citizenship 
without regard to office. His political sup- 
port was gi\-en the Democracy and he was 
fearless in his defense of what he believed u> 
be right. His wife died upon the old liome- 
stead farm in 1S91, when nearly eighty-one 
years of age. She was a ir.;ember of the 
Lutheran chiuxli. Both were people of the 
highest respectah.ility and wherever known 
they wv^n friends who esteemed them for 
tlieir genuine worth. 

Isaac Burton was bom in Hancock coun- 
ty December 29, 1S35. and was nine vears 
of age when brought by his parents to Fair- 
field' county. Since his father's death he 
has been associated with his brothers, Jaeob 
and Michael, in the conduct of the old homo 
farm, and all are well known agriculturists 
of unfailing honor and unremitting dili- 
gence. Michael was infirmary dircct>..r t>i 
Fairfield county for six years. Jacob ha^ 
Ijeen assessor of the township for a numl>er 
of ternis and at all times each ni the brothers 
lias been found loyal to his duties of citi- 
zenship and to the right. Jacob Burton was 
b<3rn April 21, 1S33. in Hocking townsbij) 
and in early life learned the trade of cor- 
penter, which he followed for some years, 
after which he turned his attenticni to gen- 
eral farming, which business now claims all 
his time and energy. Michael Burto.-, vss- 
bom in Hancrxk countv OI.i.- Xoveinlxr 
7, 1837. and w-hei' "^"ven years of age he 


accompanied liis p;ircntJ ti> this ciunty. 
Tiie three bI•othe^^ are now as^Mciaied in 
tiic (,;\\-nership and npcrati'ni .;f t!ic old liomo 
farm, whicli is ke]it in splendid con.ditinn 
and is supiihed with all the e(|ni[jment> and 

accessories of a mo.lel farm of the twentietli 
cenlnry. The fannly is one of prominence 
in the connnnnity and its members ha\e e\er 
enjoyed in a hiyh degree the friend^hii) and of their fellow men. 


That the family of which our subject is 
a representative is one of the oldest in Fair- 
field county, is indicated by the fact that his 
grandparents took up their residence here. 
They cast in their lot with the citizens and 
bore their part in the wrk of primitive de- 
velopment and progress. Elruiser. of 
this review, now living alx^ut two miles 
north of the villag"e of Baltim(_>re. in Lil)erty 
township, was l)orn upon the farm which 
he yet occupies. July lo. 1846. his parents 
being John and Susan ( Staller ) Blanser. 
H^is father was a nati\e f.f \'irg-inia. born 
Septeml>er 28. 1794. ^nd the grandfather. 
Abraham Blauser, was '(f Gennan lineage. 
Susan Blauser, the mother of rjur sul)ject. 
was bom January 2, 1811, and the marriage 
of the parents was celebrated March 4, 1830. 
John Blauser, Sr., came to (Jhio whai a 
yoimg boy, in coni'pany with his jjarents. 
the family settling in Licking county, where 
the grandparents i>f our subject \»<\.\\ died 
at a ripe old age. After his marriage, in 
1830, Jolm Blauser, Sr.. removed to the 
northern jxirt of Lil)erty township. Fairfield 
countv, taking up his alxule in an old log 

cabin. After aliout two years he renuned 
to the farm now occupied by the sul)iect of 
this review, then comijrising one liundred 
sixty acres of tir.ibcr land, which he pur- 
chased for one lumdred and twent_\-fi\e 
dollars. When tlic time came to make the 
first pa\inent he killed his only h'g ami 
gave one-half of it in order to meet the in- 
debtedness. There was not a single im- 
provement u]x.n the place when it came into 
his [xissession, but with characteristic energy 
he i)eg-an clearing the land, cultivating the 
crcKjis and placing it under a high state of 
improvement. The pike which ni_>w extends 
in front of his Ivaise was then but a little 
wagon road scarCel\' more than a trail lead- 
ing thrraigh the wimkIs. It was \ery 
cnx/ked, having been ilirected in this way 
because of the trees which strxjd thrcaighout 
the district. J()hn Blauser. Sr., started ui><>u 
his business career without a tloUar. but he 
came one of the e.xtensive land owners of 
the County, his hon^e farm com]>rising three 
hundred and forty acres of ver;. i "-"fi and 
arable land. -;ul-^r.!i::;«ily ^.Cveloi>ed. ail hav- 
ino- lieci' ac^umulatetl tlirough his own ef- 

}(,■'> -IH 



iaitel^f^Rfeisii^ iiJiail^Jika^ 




forts. At Iiis death his laiul was divide! 
among his ciiilih'cn and i> still in the j)"ts>e5- 
si(_Mi of ihe faniily. I'.i'th he ar.d his wile 
wcre nvenihers of the Dnnkard church and 
^ve^e consistent C'hri,-~tian penplc. 'I'he_\ had 
eig-ht children: l-.lizahetli. the deceasetl 
wife of Samuel Miller: F.phraim. wh>> re- 
sides in Liliert}- tnw ii^hii>; Anna, the de- 
ceased wife i)f J-'red Wagaier: Man", the 
wife I if Michael ildder. their Imme hcing 
in Liherty towTishij). southeast of Baltimore; 
Pri-^cilla. the widow of John J. Holder, who 
died north of Baltimore; Rachel, the de- 
ceased wife i>f Jacob Smoke; John, of this 
review ; and Sob^nion, who resides in Liher- 
ty townsliip. The father of these children 
was a lifelong- Democrat, and while he never 
sought or desired ciftice f'jr himself he w-a>. 
ever faithful to the duties i.f citizenship 
which led to the promotion and impn->ve- 
nient of liis adopted county. Me died Sep- 
temlx-r 4. 1S70, when about seventy-six 
years of age and his wife passed away May 
21, 1S53, their remains heing interred in 
the old Liberty cemetery in tiie township 
where they had so iMng- resided. 

John Blauser, whose name intrwluces 
this record, resided at home until after his 
father's death. His educational privileges 
were !imite<l and the opp>rtunities affordetl 
in the old log schixil house such as 
was common to the frontier. The methods 
of instruction were primitive and embracdl 
little m(>re than the '"three R's." After the 
father's death he removed to his present 
farm, a part of the old homestead, conrpris- 
ing fifty acres. .\s a companion and help- 
Jiiate for life's journey he chose Miss Mary 
A. Linden and they w ere niarried September 

17, 1X7 1. The lady was Ixirn in Germany 
and was a daughter of Jacob and Catherine 
Linden. Icing brought to .\merica bv her 
parents when only se\en months old. They 
located in Basil. Ohio, where they remained 
until Mr>. r,lau>er was a maiden of eleven 
year^, when the father went to Indiana, 
where liis death occurred, his wife having 
j':assed away when .\h^. ]llauser was only 
six-years old. She has a sifter and a half- 
brother, Kosanna, the wife of A. Rauch, of 
Indiana, and Albert, who is living in tlie 
same ^late. Unto our subject and his wife 
were born eleven children: Israel married 
Mollie Kuniler and they reside in the \\est- 
em part of Liberty tmvnship. They have 
three children, Russell, Israel and May. 
Clarence, the second member of the family, 
died at the age of eighteen years. Otto 
married Xora Warner, by wdiom he has one 
son. Dwight, and their home is in Lilierty 
township. John is still under the parental 
n.Kjf. Edward married Winnie Giesy, and 
tlieir home is in Liberty township. Henry, 
Cleveland, ^^lollie and Charles are aJl at 
home. Blanche is deceased. Rutii is witii 
her parents. 

Mr. Blauser started in life with his fifty 
acres that he had from his parents' estate' 
and as his farm work bore him good return 
for labor, his capital being thereby increasetl, 
he also aikled to- his landed possessions and 
in course of time became the owner of three 
hundred and si.\ty-fi\e acres. This is a very- 
rich, arable and valuable tract of land and 
he is now- one of the largest tax-payers in 
the tow nship. He votes w ith tlie Democracy. 
He and his fann'ly are connected with the 
L'nited Brethren church, in which he has 


lour; -erved as nieiiil)cr of t!ie hoard (if trus- giii.lal l>y <im\n\ judgment. He has l)een 

tCL-s. acting- at the pix-ent time as chairman very pr. kjhtous and lie owes his advance- 

cf the l;(>ard. f [is attention is given to gen- ment to liis indefatigable energy and keen 

eral farming- and stixk-raising and he ships business alulity. He has niore-jver in the 

stock directly to the eastern markets. His C(.ndnct of his affairs gained a very enviable 

life proves conclusively that succe.-.s does not reputation for honesty, and the name .,i 

result from genius, or from a fortunate John lUauser is one known and highlv hon- 

c-oiiibination of circumstances but may be ored by In's acquaintances throughout this 

gaine.l as the life reward ^A earnest lalH.r portion of the state. 


Since 1889 F. J. Buschemeyer has 
served as superintendent of the Fairlicld 
County Infirmary and his official record is 
one worthy of the highe.-t commendation, 
for he lias been most loyal to the trust re- 
posed in him and under his supennsion 
many important reforms and improvement? 
have :'been. introduced. A gentleman of 
broad sympathy and humanitarian princi- 
ples, he puts forth every etTort in his power 
to improve the condition of those who come 
under his care. He has a wide acquaint- 
ance in Fairfield county and throughout this 
portion of the state is held in high regard. 

As his name indicates Mr, Buschemeyer 
is of German birth. The place of his na- 
tivity is Minden. Prussia, and his natal day 
June 14. 1842. At the age of six years 
he entere'l the public schools of the father- 
land, where he remained until fourteen years 
of age and then contimietl his studies in an 

academy, remaining there until his seven- 
teenth year. At that time he crossed the 
Atlantic in a sailing vessel and after a peril- 
ous and tedious \-oyage of si.\t\--seven da}-s 
landed ujion the shores of the new world. 
His capital was very limited so that it was 
necessary for him to depend upon his own 
exertions for a livelihood. Diligent and en- 
terprising, he scorned no employment that 
would yield him an honest living and 
wi>rked at various kinds i>f laK->r. Going 
to T'.altimore, ^Maryland, he there secured 
employment upon a farm, where he contin- 
ued to work until 1S59. In that year he 
entered the ser\ice of a firm engaged in 
building and cc>ntracting and when 'he had 
acquired a broad and accurate knowledge 
of the business, he commenced the study of 

In 1S64 ^Ir. Buschemeyer returned to 
Germany and spent one year at his old home. 



hut tlie new world liad a stroni; nttraciii'ii 
for liini and in 1803 lie unce mure crc'Ssed 
tlic briny deep and in that year became a 
resident of Lancaster. Ohio. On the 5th 
of April, 180G, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Julia Ann TIartman, of this city, 
a daughter of Henry ilartman. She. too, 
was born in Germany, her birth occurring 
in I'.ondorf, on the 14th of September, 
1845, but she was only three years old wlien 
brought to America by her parents, who 
located on a fann in Hocking ti'wnship, 
Fairfield county, about tive miles west of 
Lancaster. Unto ]Mr. and [Mrs. Busche- 
meyer were born nine children, seven c>f 
whom reached years of maturity, but one 
one of the daughters is now deceased. 
Those .still living are Frederick, Augu-tns. 
William. Henry. Louise and Dora. 

After their marriage !Mr. and Mrs. 
Euschemeyer began their domestic life upon 
a farn.i of one hundred and sixty-four acres 
and there for many years our subject de- 
voted his energies to agricultural pursuits, 
which he carried on successfully. H-e 
placed his fields under a high state of culti- 
\atior. and progressive methods made his 
farming operations a prosperous source of 
income. Although he started out in life 
with very limited financial circumstances. 
he steadily advanced until he reached the 
plane of affluence. He was ably assisted by 
bis wife, who indeed proved to him a faith- 
ful companion and helpmate on the journey 
of life. His children, too. bore their share 
in the work of the farm and in a few years 
tbe familv were in comfortable circum- 

stances. Mr. r>uscheme_\er continued a rep- 
resentative of the agricultural interests of 
the community until 18S9. at wliich time he 
wa^ appointed superintendent of the Fair- 
tield County Infirmary and for thirteen 
years, through different administrations, he 
has continued in the position, winning en- 
comiums by reason of his fidelity to duty. 
His experience as an agriculturist well 
ciualifies him t(_) superintend the farming 
interests and at the same time he is most 
careful of the welfare and comfort of the 
inmates of the establishment. In this work 
he was most abl)' assisted by his wife, who 
ser\-ed as matron of the institution until her 
death, which occurred on the 30th of Jan- 
uary. 1902. Mrs. Euschemeyer, ever mind- 
ful of those intrusted to her care, discharged 
every duty without regard to her private 
interests or personal profits. To her hus- 
band and children she was a devoted wife 
and loving mother. Mr. Euschemeyer had 
recently erected a new brick residence in 
Lancaster and he and his wife were eagerly 
looking forivard to the time wdien they 
should occupy their new home, but the 
hand of death inter\-ened and Mrs. Eusche- 
me\er was called to the home beyond. She 
long held membership in the Emanuel Lu- 
theran church and the funeral services were 
there held. Her life was full of kindness, 
of charity, and of good deeds, and all who 
knew her respected her for her excellent 
work, while those who were intimately ac- 
quanited with her ha\e for her deep love 
and regard. 

Mr. Buschemej-er is a wide-awake, en- 



terprisiiig citizen, wli't takes a deep interest 
in everything pcriaining to the general wel- 
fare. In manner he is genial and affable, 
and throughont the vears of his residence 

here, his life hi-ti;ry has t.ieen snch 
fur him the cunhdence and g.xid 
with whom he has been a>sticiatt 
ness or personal affairs. 

ill of all 
in busi- 


In the house in which he \v<w resides, ni 
Richmond town.ship, j-'airUcM ci-nnty, J(t!m 
S. Book was b^trn in the year iSjij. and his 
residence here covers more than the psalm- 
ist's span of three score years and ten. 
Throughout almost three-cpiarters of a cen- 
tury he has witnesseii the progress and de- 
velopment of this section of the ci'untry 
and has rejrviced in the advancement that 
has been made. He comes of an. old \'ir- 
ginia family, his father, Samuel Book, hav- 
ing been born at Xewnrarket in August. 
i8o2'. while the grandfather, John B-iok. 
was born in Germany in 1769. emigrating 
to this country at an early age. He took 
up his abode in Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and subsequently removed to Xew- 
market, Virginia, where he married Amia 
Barbara Miller, a native of that state. Sub- 
secpiently they became resi<lents of Ohio, 
removing here in 1806, and four children 
blessed their marriage: Mary, Elizabeth. 
Sainuel and Sarah. In politics Mr. Book 
was an old-line Whig and was a member 
of the United Brethren church. 

Samuel Book, the father of our subject, 
acquired his early education in the old log 

school house which was a feature in every 
pi'ineer settlement. His training at farm 
labor was not meager. He attended school 
about three months of the year and during 
the remainder of the time assisted his father 
upon the home farm and in the wagonmak- 
ing shop conducted Iiy John Hook. About 
1839 the latter in\ented a jjluw and in con- 
nection with his s(.)n Samuel began its man- 
ufacture in the town of Rushville, erecting 
there a buildittg for the i)urpo5e and equip- 
ping a good foundry in order to make these 
plows and place them upon the market. 
Throughout his life Samuel Book also en- 
gagefl in the mrmufacture of wagons and 
buggies. In the year 1828. he was united 
in marriage to .Miss Savilla Sain, a native 
of Fairfield coinit}', Ohiiv, and they became 
the parents of <e\-en' srms and three daugh- 
ters, namely: John, of this review: David 
and William II., who ha\-e passed away: 
Thon^as, who is living in Athens county, 
Ohio; Samantha. deceased: George B.. a 
resident of Rushville: SamuelM.. also liv- 
ing in Rushville: Fxlward S., of Canton, 
Ohio: Sarah B., who makes her home with 
her brother Jolm : and Clara E., the wife 



of P'rcd L. Da\i'i. of California. Samuel 
jioivk was an i:lil-line Whig in his political 
ahiliations until liie time of the Civil war. 
when he became a Republican. He was 
alMi a member vif the Methodist church.. 

John S. P.o,:k acquired hbs early educa- 
tion in a b'g school h.-use that sto<>d on the 
proent site of the town hall of Rushville. 
When he was abi.ait ten years of age. how- 
ever, the building was torn dc>wn and was 
replaced In- a wcoden structure, which in 
course of time \vas supplanted by a fine 
brick buibling. Mr. Book continued as a 
student c f the 'public schwjls until he was 
sixteen years of age, wdien he began learn- 
ing the barne>s making trade, filling a four 
years' apprenticeship in the town of Rush- 
ville. He afterward removed to Kentucky, 
where liC?- remained for one and one-half 
year^. tliere working at his trade of a sad- 
dler. IJn the expiration r)f that period he 

removed to Missouri, where he was em- 
ployed until i8')0. In year he removed 
to the Cliemkee Nation in the Indian Ter- 
riti.>ry, where he followed harne.-s making 
for a _\ear. On accimnt of the Ci\il uar 
and the' hi_)stility of ]ieople in the south to 
those who came from tlie north, he then 
left the territory and made his way to St. 
Louis, w here he remained for some months, 
subseijnently returnin.g to Cincinnati. Since 
his return to Rushville, in 1884, he has 
worked t^r some extent at his trade and is 
now practicall}- living a retired life, hav- 
ing reached the age of seventy-two years. 
In politics he is a Republican, but lias taken 
no acti\e part in p'llitical work. He has 
neser s^'Ught or desired c-ffice. The oriiy 
time be held a {xViitical position was when 
he served as town clerk. He belongs to 
one of the oltl families of the county and 
is well known in this portion of Ohio. 


Van H. Cinder was born in canton BasiU 
Switzerlaiul. December 9. iSj2. and is a 
son of John and, Mary Cinder, both of 
whom were natives of the .same province. 
They were fine silk riblxm weavers in the 
city of Basil, where they remained until 
1829, wdien they came to .\merica. sailing 
from Havre de Crace, France, on an .\mer- 
ican merchantman, which was torty-two 
days in crossing the Atlantic. For a short 

time they remained in Xew York and thence 
proceeded to Albany by steamer, where they 
toctk boat for Buffalo on the Erie canal, 
pnxeeding thence across Lake Erie to I'lH't- 
land, Ohio. From the latter place they 
made their way in a one-horse wagon to 
Fairfield conirty, settling" in the northea>t- 
ern part of Lil>erty township. For a fevvr 
davs the father remained with a man liv- 
ing in that kxralitv ami then went to Wal- 



nut towiisliip. where lie continued witli a 
man by the name "i Christ Weaver nntil 
1S30. In that year he weiu to Grcenheld 
townsliii), wliere lie innxliased thin\- acres 
of lantl, ami Ixith he and his wiie dic'l uix:in 
the farm which he there ile\eli>ped. 'J'hey 
were the parents of tliree children, two sons 
and a daughter. J'>hn Ginder being the 
eldest. Anna ^lar}- liccame the wife of 
Peter Walters and they removed to Han- 
cock county, Ohio, Vv-here they developed a 
farm amidst the forest, but l>ilh are now- 
deceased. \'an H. is the youngest of the 
family. The father died in 1840. at the 
age of sixty-sesen years, while the mother 
passed away in 1878, at the ad\anced age 
of eightv-two rears, both being interred in 
St. Peters cemetery in Pleasant township. 
Thev were cunsister.t and active members 
of the Kefi.rmed church, in whicli Mr. 
Ginder serx'ed as one ^i the deacmis. They 
shaped their lives by their Christian belief 
and teachings and d anmandeil the respect 
of all who knew them. In his political views 
the father was a Democrat. 

Van H. Ginder began his education in 
the Paul school of Walnut township, his 
teacher being the daughter of old Jesse 
Pugli. He afterward continued his studies 
in scho<:>I Xo. i. in Greenfield township, 
under David Brant. The first schcKil he 
attended, ht>\\•e^■er. was a subscription 
schi>->l. lessons being given in' an old log 
cabin. Mr. Ginder was largely employed in 
the acquirement nf an educaticu until 1 841, 
when he l>egan learning the blacksmith's 
trade, under the direction of Samuel Ross, 
of the village oi Baltimore. He served an 

apprenticeship for three and one-half years- 
and tiien followed the trade as a journey- 
man. .\fter his first marriage, in 1846, 
he conducted a l>lacksmith shoj) c>f his own 
in Baltimore, Ohio, ami followed that pur- 
suit for alx>ut thirty-two years, or until 
187S. He now c>wns a rich and arable tract 
of thirty-five acres of farm land, also some 
village property, having judiciously placed 
his capital in the safest of all investments — ■ 
real estate. 

Mr. Ginder was married on the 29th of 
March, 1S46, to JMiss Rebecca Gunder, a 
native of Baltimore and a daughter of 
George and So[)hia Gunder. The father 
died long pri^r to the marriage of hi? rlaugh- 
ter, after which her mother maile her home 
witli our subject until called to her final 
rest. One child was Imrn uf this union. La 
Fayette, who died at the age of sexenteen 
years and was buried at Basil, in 1868. His 
mother passed away in 1878. at the age of 
eighty-two years. She was a memlier of 
the Methodist Kpi-copal church. In 1891 
Mr. Ginder was again married, his second 
union being with ]vliss Fanny Kellenlierger, 
a native of Baltimore. Maryland. 

In 1S70 Mr. Ginder was elected upon the 
Democratic ticket to the oftice of justice of 
the peace, in which capacity he sened con- 
tinuously until he had been in the office for 
thirty-two }ears. For eight years he was 
trustee of the Children's Home near Lan- 
caster, for four years was trustee <>f 
Liberty townshii), while in 1890 lie served 
as land appraiser of that township. He 
was n^ayor of the village of Baltimore for 
one vear. He ha> been a consistent Demo- 


crat thnjugh his entire life, frequently serv- industry, economy and activitv has Itrouglit 

ing as a delegate tu the conventions of his to our subject a very comfortable C' mipe- 

party. His wife is a mentber of the Re- tence and as the years have passed \"an H. 

formed church, while ]\Ir. Ginder belongs Ginder has gained a creditable and leading 

t'.) the United Brethren church. A life of position in financial circles. 


James Tool, now deceased, was a resi- 
dent of Greenticid township, Fairheld coun- 
ty, and the qualities of an upright man- 
hood were his, winning for him the esteem 
and confidence of his fellow men. He was 
born near F'ittsburg. in Washington coun- 
ty, Pennsyhania. December ii, 1S19. and 
was a son of \Mlliam Pool, a nati\e of Eng- 
land, who on crossing the Atlantic to Amer- 
ica took tip his abixle in Washington coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania. The subject of this re- 
view acquired his educati. rn in the public 
sch(X>ls anfl spent the days of his boyhood 
and youth in the county of his nativity. In 
1S42 he sought a home in 0\\\o. removing 
to Hocking c<iun.ty, where he engaged in 
farming for twenty years, becoming one of 
the successful, well known and esteemed 
agriculturists of that community. \\'hile 
there he was united in marriage to Miss 
:Mary A\"aller. a native of Ohio and a (laugh- 
ter of Sanniel Waller, whose birth occurred 
in \'irginia. and who was a soldier of the 
war of i8t2. while the grandfather of Mrs. 
Pool was one of the heroes of tiie Revo- 
lution, valiantly aiding in the struggle for 

In i86j }v[r. Pool went with hi- familv 
to Xcw Albany. Indiana, and there he 6s- 
tablished a marble and granite busines-. in 
connection with his brother, the partner- 
ship, being maintained for four years. On 
the expiration of that period our subject 
sold out and in 1860 removed to Lar.caster, 
Ohio, where he embarked in the same line 
of business. After conducting the enter- 
prise fi:>r a while, however, he put aside 
cares along that line and purchased one 
hundred and sixty acres of hne farming 
land, a portion of which is within the cor- 
porate limits. He located thererju and 
throughcut his remaining days gave his at- 
teutiim u> the development and culti\-atioa 
of the land, the rich fields returning to him 
golden harvests for his industry and dili- 
gence. He was ^•ery reliable in business and 
well does he deserve the success which he 
has gained. 

Unto Air. and Mrs. Pool were born four 
childrai. of whom three are now li\-ing. 
Asbury S. resides in I,ancaster and mar- 
ried Miss Maria Stone, b\' whom he has 
seven children: Lola. P>elle. Minnie. I'rank, 
Harrv. Smith and OUie. Francis M. 



wedded Miss OIlie \'yleiitine and iliey re- 
side m Lancastfi'. William died in youth. 
Maroaret Eli/aln.-th. t'> wlvnii \ve arc • in- 
debted for the lii-tia-y concerniiic,^ her I'a- 
tlier. hecanie the wife ut Tlionui'; J. McFar- 
land. who f<ir many years was a successful 
and popular traveling salesman. His par- 
ents were John C. and Amanda (Carlisle) 
JMcFarland. the former hiirn in Green.field 
township. September 22. i8io. was a sku 
of Walter and Margaret ( Cuuriright ) JMc- 
Farland, both of whom were early settlers 
of Greenfield township, Fairt'ield county, 
casting in their lot witii the pioneers here. 
Unto Thomas J. ^IcFarland and hi? wife 
have been born two children. The elder 
is Eugene, a resident of Greenfield town- 
shi]i. \vho married ?\Iis> Julia O'Coiuh.t a!id 
they have three children — Margaret A.. 
Mary and Frances F>. The daughter of 
rvlr. and Mrs. McFarland is Mary, the wife 
of Burns Schryver. of Circleville. Ohii.i. 
Mr. McFarland was called to his final rest 

and his remains were interred in Forest 
Ro-;e cemetery of Lancaster. Pie was de- 
^•otefl to his wife and children and also had 
many warnr frien<ls throughout the com- 

Mr. Poo! was a Dennx-rat in his political 
\iews anil he and his wife \\ere active, 
zealous and earnest mciubers of the 
Methodist Fpi'^copal church ( f Lancaster. 
He started out in life a p( » ^r boy. but 
accumulated a handsome conipetence dur- 
ing the years of an active and honor- 
able bu.siness career. He [Hvssessed many 
stcrlin.g traits of character and wherever 
known was esteemed for his genuine 
worth. He died June jCj. 1S98. and 
was burieil in Forest Rose cemeter}-. His 
wife, who was l)'-)rn in 1820. still sur\ives 
him and is yet an acti\'c old lady of eight_\'- 
tv.-o xears. The famih- is > ne that is 
widely and favorably known in Fairfield 
county, having long been residents within 
its borders. 


It is an inrportant public duty to honor his services are kept in rememl^rance c'uid 

and perpetuate as far as possible the mem- the importance of tho>e services acknowl- 

ory of an eminent citizen — one who b_v his edg-ed. His e\ami:)le in whatever fields his 

blameless and honorable life and distin- work may ha\e been ilone thus stands as an 

guished career reflected credit not only ui>on r.-bject le.-son to those whi> come after him, 

the city in which he made his home but upon and though dead he still speaks. Long after 

the state. Through such memorials as this all recollection of his persr.nality shall ha\'e 

at hand an individual and the character of faded from the minds of men the less perish- 

1 ,-l^;l V.V')V\ \\\K 

•^m i>r.\ ■.>ii!Jii->!»; / 

... -iJ- ' 

.a .U ,a51;iV/OJ'[ ..1 f/lU>i>1AH'{ 

•'!Vt;;l lo 

:n to Iwiirti oth ftt..J I'sf.i;! ■)., ts; 

m-i- in 





able record may tell the story of his life aiul 
ciiimiiend his example tor imitation. Xo 
man was ever mure respected in the com- 
munity in which he li\cd nr e\er nmrc fully 
enjoyed the confidence of the pe(_;ple than 
Franklin L. l-"li>\\tTs. In his lifetime the 
pco]5le nf this state rejoiced in his advance- 
ment and in the hon^irs to which he attained, 
and since his death they have cherished his 
menii iry. lie was one of the most success- 
ful ]>i(;neer physicians of Fairfield county, 
having- gained a high and prominent posi- 
tion in a profession wherein wealth and in- 
fluence availeth little or naught, the meas- 
ure "f success depending upi.Mi the men- 
talitv. ability — both natural and acquired — 
and the broad culture and ready sympathy 
of the indixidual. 

Franklin Lambert Fluwers was born 
upon a fami in Harrison county, Virginia, 
March 17, iSti. and died in Lancaster, 
Ohio, on the :;ist of Xovember, 1S90. 
\A'hen quite voung he accompan'ed his par- 
ents i>n their removal to Kentuck\- and after 
gainir.g a meagre education gained in a 
single term's attendance at the district 
school he finally studied medicine. Fie had, 
liowever, in the meaaitime. broadened his 
knowleilge through reading, experience and 
observation. He became a student in the 
office and under the direction of Dr. George 
McCor.k. of Xew Lisbon, Columbiana 
county, Ohio. He attended' one session of 
lecture> in the Ohio Medical College at Cin- 
cinnati. Ohio, during the year 1S34-5, and 
afterward began practice in Brownsville, 
and at different times continued his pro- 
fessii nal work at Reholjoth and Xew Lex- 

ington. The year 1874 witnessed his ar- 
rival in I^ancaster. Having pract'ced in the 
regular school of medicine fur twenty-two 
year.- he harl become a convert of home- 
opathy, ami practiced according to tlic ten- 
ets of the school until his demise. He at- 
tended a course of lectures at the Western 
Homeopathic Medical College, from which 
he received the degree of Medical Doctor in 
1S64. During his residence iiu Lancaster he 
had a \-ery lucrati\e practice and his office 
was for many years the headquarters f(jr 
medical students and yoimg physicians, who 
were always benefited by their association 
with the older member of the ]>rofession, 
receiving from him knowledge and advice 
that pro\'ed of great advantage to them in 
their practice. He was always the friend of 
the voung physician and never hesitated to 
give to liim out of the rich stores of his 
long e.x])erience and wisdom. Dr. Flowers 
was a constant student, and being a quick 
observer, he profited largely in the great 
school of exjierience. He had, too, a re- 
tentive mind, his memory partaking of the 
nature of the A\onderful. He was quick to 
accept and recognize the utility of any idea 
advanced b}' the profession and to adajit it 
in his own i>rofessional work. He long' 
held meniber>hip with the Ohii.> State ]\Iedi- 
cal SixMety and thus became widely known 
throughout the state: but the Doctor did 
not confine his reading, study and investi- 
gation, alone to the subjects bordering upon 
medical practice. He continued throughout 
his life a liroad reader and became one of 
the best infdrmed men in this portion of the 
state. The bo.iks that were his constant 



companions during his leisure moments 
were Seneca's Morals, Polbick's Course of 
Time and GiblKjns' Rome. 

Tlic Doctor was four times married. l)ut 
his only surviving chilfl is Mrs. Belle (_ira\es. 
of Columbus, Ohio. His son, J. K. 
Flowers, who was a resilient of the capital 
city, died a slmrt time to the death of 
his father. There are now living eiglit 
grandchildren, eleven great-grandchildren 
and one sister, Mrs. E. A. Clayton, of Xew 
Salem, Ohii'. who has reached the ad\'anced 
age of eighty-seven years. 

Politically the Dc^ctor was a stanch 
Democrat. In early life he took an active 
interest in jjolitics, but during the last 
twenty-fue years of his earthly existence his 
attentinn was devoted in aii imdivided man- 
ner to his profession. His practice contin- 
ually grew in volume and importance and 
he was long recngni/;ed as one of the most 
capable members of the profession in this 

portion of Ohio. He was an entertaining 
ccvnversationalist and carried into the sick 
n.x>m not only the remedial restorative^ that 
were admiin^tered but the sunshine of liis 
own (>rescnce, w hich was also a helpful ele- 
ment in effecting cures. He was always 
hopeful and his r.wu' h^kpc often inspired his 
patients. As a man and citizen he was 
highly respected. His kind heart was 
always beating in accord with the urifortu- 
nate. He was indeed a faithful and loyal 
friend who could be coimted on in times of 
need. To know Dr. Flowers was to esteem 
and honor him. His friendship was much 
prized and it could be won Vjy an honest, 
upright life, ^^d^en he passed away I,an- 
caster bust on.e of its best physicians, one of 
its truest and noblest citizens and a man 
whose integrity of purpose and lionesty of 
dealing were beyond question. His mem- 
ory is still enshrined in the hearts of many 
who knew him. 


The German element in our national the land. A well known representative of 
commonwealth has Ix^en a very imiiortant this class is Henry A. Martens, recently 
one, the sijns of the fatherland coming to 
the new world liaving readily adapted 

themselves ti> the ditferent conditions, cus- 
toms and haliits of <%\v people, and their 
enterprise, perseverance and reliability ha\-e 
made them valued citizens, who have con- 
trilnited to the progress and ailvancement of 

closely -connected with the industrial and" 
conxn-.ercial interests of Lancaster, Init is 
now living in hrjuoreil retirement frr;m lal^Kir, 
his earnest and persistent efforts in former 
_\'ears having brLiight ti.> him a handsrme 
competence. He is what the world calls 
a self-made man, and his strength of char- 



acter, his untlaggiiig perseverance, relia- 
bility and activity have commanded tor liim 
the admiration and respect oi all with whom 
business or social relations ha\e Ijri'Ught 
him in contact. 

INIr. ^Martens was born in the kingdom 
of Hanover, Germany, March 7. 1825. He 
as reared and educated in his native county. 
pursuing liis studies l)etween the age of six 
and fourteen years in accordance with the 
laws of his native land. After putting aside 
his text boc>ks he entered upon his business 
career as an apprentice to the carpenter's 
■ trade, serving faithfully for four years. H6 
then traveled for a time as a journeyman, 
working at his trade in different important 
cities on the continent, but at length he de- 
termined to try his fortune in the new world, 
believing better opportunities for advance- 
ment in business were here offered. In 1845 
he sailed for the pijrt of Xew York, but 
landed at Baltimore after a hazardous voy- 
age of nine weeks. At once he continued 
his journey by land until he hail arri\"ed in 
Fairfield county. Ohio, where he resided 
with his uncle, Frederick Martens, and 
there he was employed until his patriotic 
spirit prompted his enlistment as a defender 
of his adopted land in the w ar with Mexico. 
He became a member of the Fourth Ohio 
Regiment under command of Colonel 
Charles Eruf^ and took part in a number of 
engagements. He was then discharged at 
the close of hostilities and returned to Cin- 
cinnati. Ohio, whence lie made his way to 
Fairfield county. 

Mr. Martens resinned work at the car- 
penter's trade and eventually became what 
was known as a "boss carpenter" or master 

workman. His first independent venture 
wa> in the line of merchandising. }Ie pur- 
chased an interest in a hardware st^.^re ia 
connection with T. J. Hansen, the firm be- 
coming T. J. Hansen & Company, a st_\le 
that was maintained lor twelve years, en the 
expiration of which period Mr. Martens 
purchased Mr. Hansen's interest and the 
firm of H. A. Martens S: Sons was organized. 
Practical, enterprising business men, the 
new firm was soon in the enjoyment i.f a 
large and constant!} increasing business.. 
In their store, located on ^lain street, they 
carrie<l an extensive line of shelf and heavy 
hardware and farm machinery and buggies, 
and their enterprise, their honorable deal- 
higs an<d earnest desire to please secured 
to them a profitable trade. The busii-.ess ui 
Martens & Sons was long regarded as one 
of the leading mercantile concerns I'.f the 
city, being successfully conducted by our 
subject and his sons until Januarv. T901, 
when the father retired from the acti\ e man- 
agement, leaving the yoamger meml;ers .of 
the firm to control and extend their busi- 
ness interests. Since that time our subject 
has devoted his attention merely h> super- 
intending his invested interests and to the 
enjoyments of life, which are afforded by 
his leisure, the companionship of frien.tls, 
and the pleasures of home. A man of re- 
sourceful ability, he has not confined his ef- 
forts alone to one line. He was financially 
interested in and for several years was the 
president of the Ibrcking ^'"alley Xati. mal 
Bank and for an extended period served as 
one of its directors. 

Of his sons. :\IcClellan and Albert, in 
100 r. erected what is known as the Mar- 



tens block, a fine >ui)st;mtial three-story 
brick structure, fn.nlinj; the pui)lic square 
and extending frcjni ^]ain street tn the al- 
ley. It is t()rty-?e\'en by ime hundred and 
eighty feet and is a nti>>t nnnlern and well 
equipped liiock. 'Jdie tlrsi ilinir is used for 
stores and tiie secuml and third fur oflices. 
It is heated through. ml l>y steam and lighted 
by gas and electricity, and the elevator is 
run by water p^r-wer. This splendid. Imild- 
ing is only a creilit ti^ the city, but is 
a monument to the enterprise anil jirogress- 
ive spirit of Mr. Martens and his three 
■ sons. 

Mr. Martens was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary Shoemaker, of Fairfield coun- 
ty. Ohi'.'. a daughter of Samuel Slioemaker. 
a native of Pennsylv.ania. who became an 
early settler and highly respected citizen of 
Fairheld county. He married ]\[iss ]\Iartha 
Bixby. also a native of the Key store state, 
and among their children was Mrs. Martens. 
Unto our subject and h\> v>ife have been 
born si.\ children; William L., A\h>> Ii Hows 
agricultural pursuits: .\lhert II.. McClellan 
and Charles D.. who are associated in busi- 
ness as hardware merchants and occupy a 
leading jiosition in c >nmiercial circles in 
Lancaster: Sarah, the v-ife i>f (leorge Or- 
man. a member of the firm of Orman Broth- 
ers, prominent lumber dealer^ of Lancaster: 
and Ella, th.e wife of Charles L). Webb, who 
is now residing in Decatur. Illinois. The 
mother died in i88/. lea\ing mrmy warm 
friends to nicjurn her lo-,-. She was devot- 
ed tr. her fanrily ami was an acceptable and 
consistent memb-er of St. Peter's Lutheran 
church. Mr. Martens has since married 
Mrs. Christina Xestcr, a daughter of 

Charle- anal Klizabeth Banmann. In addi- 
tio-n ti.> Ills pleasant home and other prop- 
erty interests in Lancaster. Mr. Martens 
owns a valuable and richly cultivated farm 
of twi.. and seven acres in Fair- 
field county, and the rental therefrom adds 
materially to his incirme. 

To the Democratic i)arty Mr. Martens 
gnves his political su))i)ort. l>elieving firmly 
in its principles, and his fellow townsmen, 
recognizing his worth and ability, have fre- 
quently called him to public office. For 
twelve years he served as justice of the 
peace. Ins imjiartial rulings and fidelity to 
duty winning him high commendation. He 
wa.-^ also clerk and treasurer of IMarlison 
town>hip. having been appointed to the lat- 
ter jjosition in 1870. In 1S75 '^^ ^^"''* elect- 
ed treasurer of Fairfield county for a tenn 
of two years and filled the office so accept- 
ably that he was re-elected in 1877. hi^ in- 
cumbency covering a period of four years, 
at the expiration of which time he retired 
frijm office as he had er.tered it. with the 
Confidence and giwid will of the pnljlic. His 
P'<~'litical career, like his private life, is above 
reproach. Possessing a philanthropic and 
benevolent spirit, many have reason to 
gratefully remember Hem-y Martens for 
timely assistance rendered in their hour of 
need. He was instrumental in estal)lishing 
the Fairfield County Children's Hcmie, 
which was organized in 1S82. He became 
one of its trustee.s and was also president 
of the board, giving his services gratuitous- 
ly for the benefit of the institution, which is 
one of the most creditable in the county, its 
beneficent purpose making it Avorthy the 
supi)ort and co-(-.[)eration of all those wdiose 



Inimanitnrian spirit recnonj^^es tlie l.irotlicr- 
hiiijcl Mt inankinij. 'ri'.e nio^t envinus could 
11. It grud.qe Mr. Marten'^ liis success, so 
lionurably has it heeu wrm and sri wortliily 
used. lie came to this country in limited 
financial circumstances, hut eml.iracino- every 
np]iortunit}' for business achancement he 
has worked his way steadily upward, his 




l)erseveraiice. dilit^encc and enterprise en- 
him to steailily advance toward the 
)t iirosjierily. He sustains an unas- 
e reputation in business circles and 
now in the excnini;- of life he conmiands the 
respect, good will, confidence and appro- 
bation of his fellow townsmen to nn unusual 


In t'ue front rank of the columns which 
have advanced the civilization of Ohii>, Mr. 
Chri<ty has led the way to the substantial 
devclojiinent, progress' and upbuilding' of 
Fairtield county, being particularly active 
in promoting its growth, especial!}' alrmg 
agricultural lines. His memory goes back 
to the time ^v]len this entire district 
was but sparsely settled, when the forests 
stood in their primeval strength, little of 
the land having been reclaimed for the pur- 
pose of civilization. It was just as it came 
from the hand of nature, and awaited the 
awakening touch of the plow and cultivator 
to become a productive tract. 

Seventy-five years ago Josqjh Christy 
first opened his eyes to the light of day, his 
birthplace being Amanda township, Fair- 
field county. His paternal grandfather, 
Henry Christy, was born in Pennsylvania, 
and about 1790 came to Ohio, locating in this 
county, where he spent his remaining days. 
He entered a large tract of government land 

lying in Amanda and Clear Lake townshipb, 
and at once began to clear it and make it 
ready for the plow. In the midst of the for- 
est he built a log cabin and de\'eli.ped a 
good home for his family, his residence be- 
ing l<jcatcd in the edge of Clear Creek 
township. There he lived until his death., 
wliich cccurred in the home of his sini Hen- 
ry, the father of our subject. The grand- 
father was a prosperous and progressive 
man, who aided in laying deep and broad 
the foundation for the present development 
and advanced condition of this porti<">u of 
Ohio. His well directed etTorts in business 
resulted in bringing to him very crerlitable 
and gratifying success. He accumulated a 
large amount -of property, which he event- 
ually divided among his children. 

Among his sons was Henry Christy, the 
father of Joseph, our subject. He was lx>m 
in Maryland, near the site of Hagerstown, 
and about 1800 was brought to Ohio by hi=; 
parents. He -was a resident of Fairfield 

hhi\vsf-i H' 

.YT^i^Hj w\3^ni 


county, refilling uihui the land wliich Iiis.fa- 
llier IukI iiurcliaserl. After arrising at years 
of maturity he devotcii his attention to gen- 
eral farming and stock raising, and found 
in tliat brancii of business activit}' a source 
■o( income, which compensated him well and 
■enabled him to provide a comfortable com- 
petence fc"^r his Avife and children. He owmed 
and culti\-ated two hundred acres of land, 
whicli was given Iiim by his father, and his 
place was e\-er noted for its neat and thrifty 
appearance and for the splendid tields of 
grain, gi\'ing promise of abundant harvests. 
His fellow townsmen recognizetl his worth 
and ability, frequently calling him to pub- 
lic office, and among other positions which 
he filled! he served as justice of the peace. 
He voted with the Democracy, strongly en- 
dorsing its principles. His able ci>ox>cra- 
tion was ever gi\en to movements for the 
general gnod and he was accounted one of 
the valued and representative men of Fair- 
field Count}'. He manifested his loyalty to 
his countr_\- liy enlisting in the war of 1S12, 
serving until the close- of hostilities. Both 
he and his wife belonged to the Lutheran 
church. His death occurred in 1835, when 
Joseph Christy was eight years of age, while 
the ni'ither of our subject, who bore the 
maiden name of Mary Ann Firestone, died 
on the old home place in 1869 at the ripe 
old age of seventy years. Twelve children 
had l>een born of that union.' 

Joseph Christy, the ninth in order of 
birth, was the youngest of si.K sons and is 
the onl_\- one ni>w living. At the usual age 
he entered the public schools of his district, 
therein mastering the cc>mmon branches of 

Engli>h learning, while under his father's 
direction he became familiar with farm w urk 
in its various departments. He reir.ained 
i_>n the i_)!d hranestead until after liis mar- 
riage, which imi>.M"tant e\ent in his life oc- 
curred in 1850. The wife of his choice 
was r^liss Haimah Steward, a daughter of 
Charles Steward, a prominent farmer of 
Amanda lownship, who died abuut fifteen 
years ago. Mr. Christy l>rought his bride 
to the old home and there carried on farm- 
ing fcir sijme lime, after which he juir- 
chased a tract of land in Clear Creek biwn- 
ship, belonging ti> the estate of his brother. 
For a few years he resided on that place 
and then bought his present farm in Aman- 
da townsliip, making his home therein con- 
tinuously since 1858. It consists of one 
hunurcil acres of rich land, all of which is 
under culti\-ati(in, and well tilled fields re- 
turn ti> him golden harvests. Nearly all 
oi the improvements ujion the place are the 
work of his hands. He has a large and 
substantial frame ilwclling. gocxl barns and 
c»ther outbuildings for the shelter of grain 
and stock. He uses the latest improved ma- 
chinery in cultiwating the tlekls and facili- 
tating the farm work, and intelligence, in- 
dustr}- and thrift characterize all ilepart- 
ments <n this country home. Mr. Christy 
has given his time and attention thn-ughout 
the years uf his manlnx-d as well as his 
youth to general farming and sti-ck raising, 
and creditable success crowns his ettorts. 
The home of Mr. and Mrs. Christy has 
been blessed with twelve children, i.f whom 
two died in infancy. Ten of the number 
are still living, as follows: Xancy Ann is 


the wile uf Amt)s Aldcnderfer. a tarnier of 
Anianda i"\\ nsliip, and their children are 
l^aura. iXira. Arthur and Joseph. Cliarles 
] I., a resident farmer ct Amanda towiiship, 
married ?iiartha (irillith. a diinghter of 
James Griffith, by whom he lias nine chil- 
dren: Milton, Kirhy, I'.ort, Orpha, Alpha, 
Millard and Willard. twin., John and .Mary. 
J^ewis F.. who carries on agricultural pur- 
suits in .\manda township, married ^la- 
linda Boucher, and they have three children, 
Florence, Thomas and Ivuth. Jemima is the 
wife of Kli Aldenderfer, w ho carries on ag- 
ricultural pursuits in Clear Creek township, 
and they have three children — Edward, 
Nora and Clark. Alice is the wife of Frank 
Wilson, a resident farmer of Amanda town- 
shiji, and their children are Stella, William. 
Bertha, ]\Iarie. Ray and Ada. Emma is the 
wife of John ]\Iyers. a tile manufacturer .;f 
Amanda township, and their children are 
ElTie and Fielen. James, a railrnad engineer 
of Kansas City, is married and has three 
children. Harold. Howard and an infant 
daughter. Sherman, a resident farmer C)f 
Amanda township, married Miss Ellen 
Ilufifman. ilinnie is the \vife of Albert 

Marion, who resides upmi her father's fann, 
and the) have one daughter, Clara. Lucy 
is the wife of (diarle-^ liarr. an agriculturist 
(if Amanda ti. wur^hi]). l.y whom she has three 
chiUlrcii — Seln;a. I'llmer and Sherman. 

Politically Mr. Christy is a Democrat 
and while he helic\e> that the principles ot 
that parly will best serve the public welfare, 
he has never sought or desired office. L'e 
has witne^^ed many changes and improve- 
ments in 1-airheId county, taking an inter- 
est in all that ha-; worked toward the same, 
and bearing hi.s part in developing what is 
now one of the richest districts of 
the state. Few men are more widely or 
more prominently known in the enterpris- 
ing county of F"aiiileld than Joseph Christy. 
He has been an important factor in agri- 
cultural circles and his popularity is well de- 
served, as in him are embraced the charac- 
teristics of an unb'ending integrity, an in- 
dustry that never flags, and a remarkable 
degree of energy. He takes great pleasure 
in the society of his family and friends, is 
always courteous, kindly and affable, and 
those who know him personall\' have for 
him a warm regard. 


For more than seventy years New ton he is yet an active factor in agricultural cir- 
Peters has traveled life's jiuimey in Fair- cles, being a prominent farmer of Green- 
field CLiunty, and although he has passed the field township, his home being located on 
psahrdst's span of three score years and ten, section y:,. He was born in Amanda town- 

-^VHX.<! CMiurr:/. 



sliii), Fairfield county, uu tlie iQtli i-i Sep- 
teiiil)er, i82u. His paternal t^ranilfather. 
Samuel Peters, was one of three hmthers 
will, came to America from Russia. Later 
no news of the location of .ne of the 
brothers couM be received; i-ne <hed in, wliile the gramtfather of our 
sul>jcct spent his last days in Amanda 
town.-hip, where he passed away in 1S29. 
He was one i;f the homered pii-neer set- 
tlers of Fairfield county and took an 
active interest in the early development 
and progress i>f this portion c_>f the state. 
In his family were thirteen children and 
two of the number were married and had 
thirteen children each. 

Robinson J. Peters, the father of our 
subject, was born jn [Maryland in 1797, and 
in 1S12 came to O'nio with his parents, first 
locating in Richland township, where he 
was reared amid the wild scenes c-f frontier 
life. The work of progress and develijp- 
mcnt had scarcely been begun at that time 
and mail}- hardships and trials had to be en-' 
dured l>y the early settlers. wIkj sought to 
estal)lish homes in the midst of the forests. 
Robinsiiii J. Peters was united in marriage 
in Amanda township in 1S23 to Miss Eliza- 
beth Gallagher, who was born in that town- 
ship in 180J, her parents having removed 
frouT Pennsylvania to this county at a pio- 
neer e|X)ch in its histor\-. The Gallagher 
family was of Irish lineage and in colonial 
days was estabUshed in .America. Unto the 
parents of our subject were born seven chil- 
dren, five of whom reached years of ma- 
turity, njunely : ZebuloTf. a resident of 
Hocking township: Mar\'. the widow of 
Thomas Cochran; Sarah Jane, the widow of 

Thriuias D. Wdiiley; and- .Mvira, who died 
after attaining wumanhM(..d. Two of the 
children (bed in infancy. 

Xewtcn Peters was the third child and 
second ^un of the family and when he was 
about eleven years (;f age his parents re- 
moved to Lancaster. He acquired his edu- 
cation in the district schools and spent his 
youth in the usual manner of Ix.iys ui that 
pericid. his time being devnteil to the duties 
of the scho<il ro^.m. the jileasures uf the 
playgri.und and to various business cares. 

On the iJth of Xovember. 1857. New- 
ton Peters was united in marriage to Lydia 
Evcrsole, a native of P.enie township. Fair- 
field county, bo-rn August i, 1S40. her i>ar- 
eius being David and Elizabeth ( .Miller) 
Eversole, who were early settlers of this 
county, coming to Ohio from \'irginia. in 
which state they were Ixini. reared and 
married. In their family were five Sons and 
five daughters, Mr^. Peters Ijeing the sixth 
child and third daughter. She was reared 
in her native township and there remained 
until she gave her hand in marriage to 
Xewton Peters. They began their domes- 
tic life upon a farm, which is still their 
home, and seven children came to bless their 
union : Preston, Avho married Catherine 
Groom and resides in Pickaway cramty, 
Ohio: Charles, who married X'annie Trim- 
ble and is living in Greenfield township; 
Elizabeth P.. the wife of James Claypo*:.!, of 
Greenfield township; Robinson ].. who 
wedded Ida E. Compton and lives in the 
same township; Martha P., the wife of 
Charles .A. Stropel, of Lancaster; Gaylord 
Clark, who married Xellie Eda Timbers 
and is living in this countv ; and Tessie, who 


i> vtill uitli lior iiarcnts. All nf the children tliat he i)ii.sses>e> has heeii ac(|uireil thruu-h 

were Ij'U-n uimn the lionie faim where Lair his i>\vn iiuliisiry. and his diligence and per- 

suhjecl now rc-ides. se\trance have l.c.'n leading factors in his 

Mr. F'eter- has dcM.ted his entire life successful career. Mr. I'cters cast his tir.-t 

tM agricultural pur>uiLS and stock-raising. presidential vi.te for Winheld Sci'tt arul 

He luiilt his present lirick residence in 1868 supi>i!rtetl the Wdiig parly until the (jrgani- 

and has made many suhstaniial improve- zation of the Kepuhlican. He voted fiir 

menls uihu liis land. As his financial re- I^x-sident IJncoln in iS'jO and 1864 and 

sources have increased he has also added cast his last presiilential vote for the la- 

to his pn.perty and is now the owner of merited William AlcKinley. He liold^ men.i- 

two hundred and thirty acres of \-aIuahle hership in the Methi:dist ]ipiscri)al church 

land cii the home tract, while in addition at Lancaster and his life has ever been in 

lie has two hundred and thirty acres in Pick- consistent harmony with its teachings and 

away county, a farm ot two hundred acres princiijles. Through alni' st three-quarters 

in Bloomlield township and one luindrcd of a century he has witnessed the de\-el"ii- 

and tifty-six acres in Greenfield to\vn^hi[), meiit and progress of his count}' and at all 

adjoining tlie farm of Joseph W. Wilson, times has borne his part in the work of im- 

while another farm in the same township, provement. He takes great interest in what 

wh.ich he owns, comprise> eighty acres, so has been accomplished and lias Icmg been 

that his landed possessions altogether ag- regarded as a valued an<l representative 

gregate nine and sixty acres. All citizeti. 


In a review of the life history of many home in Ohio, becoming early settfers of 

of the leading and enterprising citizens of Amanda t(nvnship. 'i'he father, Richard 

Fairfield county, we note that quite a large Kissinger, w as born in Reading in the Kev- 

proporti(3n are nati\e sons of this section of stone state, in 1S30, and when quite vcung 

C)hio. Mr. Kissinger was born on a farm accompanied his parents to Ohio, the fam- 

in Amanda township, July 6, 1864, and ily settling on a farm in Amanda township. 

C(jmes of an old family (jf T'eimsyhania. Fairfield county. To his father he gave the 

His grandfather. Isaac Kissinger, was Ixrn benefit (.>f his services fiT many years and 

in the Kevstone state and was married there after the death of his parents he continued 

to F.lizabeth Dind'jre. loiter they sought a to reside on the old homestead, where he 



^•cirried > ■:! oeiu-ral fanniiiQ- and ^t(:ck-rai^- 
ing. '.lis etiiTts being- so disccriungly direct- 
ed a!(Mig- well denned lines of laLur that he 
became a nr spercus farmer of the cotmty. 
He gave t^: the Ilemncracy his jxilitical sup- 
port and \va- identilied with the livangeli- 
cal cliurch and one of its active workers 
and elders. He married Miss Sarah Bell, a 
aiative of Fairi-jeld county. She was b<;>rn in 
j\ma!ida township and was a tlaughter of 
Samuel Bell, a representative of an old and 
honored family that came from Pennsylr 
vama to this portion of the state at a very 
day. ]\Irs. Kissinger was born in 1842 and 
became the mother of three children. Emma 
J., David E. and Dora B.. but the last 
named is now deceased. 

David E. Kissinger was reared upon the 
\A'\ home farm, working in the fields from 
the time of early spring planting until the 
harvests were garnered. He then entered 
the di-trict schools, pursuing his studies un- 
til the following spring. Coming to Lan- 

caster he began studying phoiijgraphy un- 
der tlic direction of J. H. Tobias, from 
wh'.m he learned the business, remaining 
with that geiuleman f(;r fr;ur years. In 
J 894 he opened a gallery of his own, and 
equipped his studio with all the latest ap- 
pliances rec[uired in the art. His methods 
are modern, his work satisfactory and his 
patronage is constantly increasing. 

Mr. Kissinger has been twice married, 
his present wife having liorne the maiden 
name of Adelia Humphreys. She is a 
(.laughter of Samuel Humphreys, who was 
born in \'irginia. but became a resident of 
Columbus, Ohio. Mr. Kissinger is a wor- 
thy exemplar of the Masonic fraternity, be- 
longing to Amanda Lodge. Xo. 509, F. & 
A. M. He has chi.»sen as a life work a vo- 
cation for which he is well suited, and, keep- 
ing in touch with the progress which is be- 
ing continually made in. the profession, he 
has already gained an en\iable reputation 
and merited prosperity. 


AVilliam Cruit, now deceased, was born that is honorable and right in manlnxid. 

in Greenfield township, near Lancaster, May He was a son of William and Hannah 

8. 18 ^iJ, and died in the same locality De- (iNIoon) Cruit. His parents were l>,'th na- 

ceniber 2. i8«)4. His life span therefore tives of England and there si>ent the days 

covered sixtv-two vears and it was a period of their childhood and youth, coming to the 

in which he accomplished much in a busi- United States soon after their marriage, 

ness way ami at the same tinae manifested They l<x:ated in Washington. Ohio, and in 

a lovalty in citizenship and a fidelity to all that I'xrality the father engaged in fanning 



fur some time, but ^uhseiiuently came to 
I'nirtkM ciiunty. taking up liis alxide in 
(irceiit'ield t(>\^■n^!lil). where l)i tli he ami his 
wife spent tlie resi.lue i;f their dav- and dieil 
at an adxanced aye. l"th Ijciny ahuut sev- 
enlx' when called tu the hirme beyond. They 
were faithful and earne>i nienihers oi the 
.Methddist church and their live- were in 
consistent haruKjU)- with their rcliyiiais be- 
lief. In their family were ele\en children, 
h\ e of whijm are \et living. 

William Cruit, one of the number, olv 
tained his early education in the district 
schvxils which he attended thrcaigh the win- 
ter months, while in the summer season h.e 
assisted in the lalx>rs of the field and 
meadow, working upon his father's farm in 
Cireentield townsh.ip. During tb.e Ci\ il war 
he responded to his country's call for aid. 
and enlisted for ten days' service. The 
occu])ation t(.> which he was reared he m<ade 
his life work antl after his marriage fol- 
lowed that pursuit in order to provide for 
his family. It wa- on the 27th of March. 
1855. that he was joined in wedbxk to Miss 
Mary Kiger. a daughter of J'>hn and Eliza- 
beth ( Bolenbaugh) Kiger. The father was 
a nati\e of \'irginia and a son of llenr_\- and 
Polly Kiger. who were married in 180J. 
riiey became the parents of si.x; children, 
four sons and two daughters. The m<jther. 
Mrs. Polly Kiger. reached the extreme old of one hundred and five years and 
passed away on Christmas day of 1884. 
while Mr. Kiger died in t88j. aged one 
humlrerl years. Their son. Join: Kiger. was 
'"Tn March 19. 1811. and died at the age 
"t seventy-nine years, six months and 
twenty-two days. It was on the lAth .if 

Jaiuiary, 18,^^4, that he married Elizabeth 
Polenbaugh. wln.i pnjved to him a faithful 
Companion and heliimate along the journey 
>M life. Me was long a re.-,ident of I'airfield 
C' uiUy, settling in Amanda townshii), where 
he was at the time of his removal to this 
place. There he carried (.m agricultural 
pursuits until his death, wiiich (jccurred 
ah^Hit ele\en years ago. lie was a \ery 
prominent man. not (jnly in a business way 
but in political affairs, his opinions carrying 
weight on accoimt of their practical and 
convincing qualities. His wife departed 
this life about a year previous to the death 
>.^i her husband. 

The marriage of Mr. ajid [Mrs. Cruit 
was blessed w ith eight children, and five of number are yet living. Edith died at 
the age of fifteen months. Alice is the wife 
C'f Israel Christ, a farmer and fruit grower 
of Bloom township, and they have four chil- : Ersie, Annie, Kirby and William. 
Elizabeth is the wife of Allx^rt Heins, who 
i>' engaged in blacksmithing in Royalton, 
Fairficlil county, <i"nd their children were 
Mamie and Ruth, at home, and Glenn, now- 
deceased. John is a resident farmer of 
Greenfield township, wdio married Pauline 
Kemp, and their children are Hazel, Ure 
-Agues, Merrill and Frances. Anna is the 
wife of Dr. Monhank. of Royalton. and 
they have two children. Mary and Chester. 
Hetta is the wife of Jesse Hughes, a son of 
Jolm Hughes, a prominent iarmcr of 
Amanda township. W. J. was born upon 
the farm where they are ni>w- living, and he 
married Sarah Lezenbe. Jesse Hughes re- 
sides upon the farm owned by our subject, 
an.d has two children, Freeman Cruit and 

1 86 


Cliarline. Clara I'.ied at the age >it tVmr prcvenieiits uiii n t!ie place stand a> nioini- 

years and t\\ cnty-se\ er, days. Tlannali died nients tn his thrift ami enterjirise. He ih'i.- 

at the age of fdur years and twenty-eight \ ided h'herally f: r liis family in this way 

(lavs. All (;f the children hern unto Mr. and was alsn a genemus c ;ntril)ut<'r t. > the 

and Mrs. C'ruit were natives of Fairfield church with wliich he was identified. He 

C(>unt\-. tcnk an acti\e interest in the rebuilding of 

.Mr. Cn.iit \\a^ a most earnest and con- M(junt Zi. n church, and of all thing> tend- 

.sistent I'hri-tian man, .and during the ing to i)riim..te the cau^c of Christianity, 

greater jjart of his life \\a.> a devoted worker t!is wid^w still survives him and yet resides 

and advocate of tlic Metln.dist church. At ui;on the old home farm, surrounded hy all 

all times he was true to manly principles, the c. nifort< of life as a result of her hus- 

was honorable in husinos ilealing- and band'- industry an-l care for her. Mr. C'ruit 

.straightforward in all his relations with also left to his family that good name which 

friend or stranger. He (jwned and operated is rather to be chosen than great riches, and 

one hundred anil thirty-si\- acres of valuable though lie has parsed away his influence 

land and thmugliout his active life carried remain^ as a lilessed benediction to all who 

on agricidtural pursuits. M(;st of the im- kne\\- him. 


George \V. Kiger is the owner of a val- 
uable farm of four hundred and fifty acres 
in Amanda township and is accounted one 
of the highly respected citizens of Fairfield 
county. He was born in \"irginia on the 
27th of October. 1S18, and with his parents 
came to Ohio when six years nf age, so that 
almost his entire life has been passed in this 
state. Fie is a son of Henry and Polly 
(Waltuc) Kiger. His paternal grandfather. 
George Kiger. was one of tlie of the 
Revolutionary war who. when the colonies 
no longer able to patiently endure the op- 
pression of the mother country attempted 

h< throw aff all allegiance to the British 
crown, joined the colo.nial forces and fought 
fcr national liberty. After the independence 
of the Union was w. on he came to Ohio and 
resided in Fairfield county until he ha<l at- 
tained the \ery aihanced age of one hun- 
tlred and ten years, when he was called to 
his final rest. 

The father of our subject was a native 
<.f X'irginia and in middle life came i" Ohi!>. 
li:cating at once in .\nianda township. Fair- 
field county, where he entered nn re than 
four hundred acres of land wliicli was wibl 
and unimpriixed. but he at once began to 









it and luil it under ciiltiwili' n and thirty-L-igiit acrc^, hut since tliat time he ha: 
1 in luaking- a ccnutortahle hunie added to the pr<i[)erty until within thi 

fi.r his I'aniilw He eniJaLjed in farniintr in bnnndaries lif his 


Amanda township until hi^ death and was mi>|-c than fnur hun<lred and titty acre>. lie 

a very industrious and i»r(>gre.--ive man, ha- lived at his present home tur the past 

wlit-ise well directed lahurs wan him prus- nineteen _\ears andi nearly all nf the impr.jve- 

pcrity, ] le accumulated much pr. 'pevty an<l mcnls upon the place are the work i:f his 

was thcrefi-re acciamted one of the suh- hand- and stand as monuments ti,> hi■^ in- 

stantial as well as one of the most highly dustry, and therefore everything- about the 

esteemed citizens i;f his community. He. place is keiit in splendid cnndition. The 

too. n.ianifested his loyalty to his n;itive land building.-, and fences are well repaired and 

in times of war. becoming a soldier in the the fields are highlv cultivated, 

■war of 1812. The family is certain!)- noted At the time he left the old homestead 

for longevity, for Henry Kiger had passed AJn Kiger was married to Miss .\nville 

the one hundred and third milestone on life's Shawen, a native of Fairfield county and a 

journey at the time of his deatli. and hi- daughter of Josiah Shawen, one of the early 

wife was in her one hundred and seventh settlei s of this county. He was a carpenter 

year at the time she was called to the home by trade and became a prosperous n-iaii. 

beyond. She was a natixe of Germany, and Mr.-. Kiger flied al.ovit fort\- years ago at 

to her husband she proved a very alile help- the Tm-key Run farn-i. where they were then 

mate ami assistant. Both held meml;er^hip living. She was the mother of three chil- 

in the Methodist church, and Mr. Kiger was clren, tw-o of whom surxive her. Irvin hav- 

a Democrat in his imlitical views. In their ing died at the age of nine years. Henry is 

family were six cbildi-en.' .:f whom George a resident farmer of An-ianda township, 

W. was the younge-t. The only other sur- w-here he operates one hundred acres of 

yiving luember of the family is Lewis, w-ho laud. He married Elizabeth Dunn. Rufus, 

is a retired farmer of .\manda township, the second son. resides in \'an Wert county, 

George W. Kiger. of this re\ iew-. ob- Ohio, where he is engaged in the cultivation 

tained his early education in the district of two hundretl acres of land. He married 

schools near his hon-ie and remaii-ied under Ephen-ia Elder, and th.ey have tivc chil- 

tlie parental roof until he was thirty year-- dren. nan-iely : Merty. Carrie, George, 

"t age, when he started out upon an inde- Laura and Oi-ner, For his secr;nd w-ife Mr. 

pendent busine^s career. He purchased a Kiger chose Carilla CJallagber. a native of 

farm near Lancaster, on the edge of Amanda this county, and they became the parents .>f 

loun-hip. and there carried c>n agricultural three sons and one daughter, all of whom 

i>iir-uits for a number of years. At length are yet living. John resides at \'illagroye, 

be -oM his pr(>i)erty anil ]nirchased his pres- Colorado, where he is engaged in practicing 

^•iH t.-nni. then ctauprising one hundred and medicine. He married En-ima Xeinhardt 


and they have one suti, Gec>r_£;e M. George 
W'.. the second of the family, resides in 
Oregon, where he is en,<^n«ed in Ihe broker- 
ag-c business. Jle married ^fay Delia Stur- 
geon. Charles was a farmer of Amanda 
township and wetlderl Lelta I'arr, b_\- whom 
he had three children, Ethel. Fay and Des- 
sil, but Fay is nr>w tleceascd. Alice is the 
wife of W'i'Iiam Kiger. a practicing dentist 
of Columbus. Ohiii. and the^• have one child, 
Doroth} Ruth. 

Mr. Kiger, whose name l»cgins tliis re- 
view, gives his political support tM the Re- 
publican party and is a meiuber of the 
Metliodist church. He has witnessed nearly 
the entire development and progress .if this 

portion of the state, having been a resident 
of Fairfield county since 18J4. There were 
no railroads or pikes when he came and 
nearly the entire county was covered by a 
dense growth of forest. He has witnessed 
its transformation from a wild region to one 
of the richest farming portions of this great 
state and has helped to make the county 
what it is to-day. He has been very suc- 
cessful in his business affairs and is very 
generous with liis children, giving each 'a 
good start in life. His life has at all times 
been worthy of coiumendation and of emu- 
latii;n and no one more justly deserves the 
regard of his fellow man than does George 
W. Kiger. 


The profession of medicine has elicited 
the en.ergies of man} men of marked aliilit}- 
and sterHng worth, ^fany claim that tlie 
profession ranks first among the callings of 
men, and it is an undisputed fact that it 
stands among the highest, its purpose being 
to alleviate suffering and to restore tc^ man 
his most prized possession — health. Its fol- 
lowers are usually men r,f stmng mentality, 
keenly analytical, and with sympathy 
in addition to a lo\'e of scientific research, 
and without these rjualities a member i.i the 
professinn cannr.t rise beyond the ranks of 
mediixrrity. Possessing the requi^ite quali- 
ties of the successful practitiuner Dr. Brad- 

ford is now enjoying a liberal patronage in 
Bremen, where he makes his home, and 
throughout the surrounding district. 

The Doctor comes of an ancestry honor- 
altle and distinguished. Fie is of English 
lineage and traces the line nf descent back to 
Governor William Bradford, who came to 
the new world with the Plymouth colony 
and settled in Massachusetts, He became 
and l(_mg served as governor of the colony. 
Later generRtions of the family figured con- 
spicuously in connection with important 

e\'ents ccnicernuu'- the 


and Maryland. John Bradford, the great- 
grandfather of our subject, was born in the 



01(1 Dominion and emigrating westward 
settled in the midst of the green wojds of 
Muskingum cijunty. Ohio,, becoming Ime of 
its pioneer settlers. His son.- J'-'hu I'rad- 
fi'rd, Jr., was born in Highland township, 
Muskingum county, and was the grandfa- 
ther of the Doctor. 'I'he latter was a sr>n of 
Harvey Bradford, who was born on tiie f.ld 
home fann in [Muskingami count}-, which 
was later the birthjilace of the Docti^r. There 
reared to manhoDd Harvey Bravlfi'rd car- 
ried on agTicultural pursuits throughout his 
entire life. He married Eliza Jane Xoble, 
who was l_M)rn in Ireland and wh.en four 
years of age was brought to America by 
her father. Henry Xol.ile. who crossed the 
.Atlantic whh his family. 

I'pini the (-Id home farm Dr. Bradford 
ti^^t opened eyes to the light of day. Oc- 
tober 10. 1862. and at the usual age he 
entered the districts schools, where he pur- 
sued his lessons, mostly through th.e winter 
months, for in the summer seasL>ns he as- 
sisted in the work i>f the fields. Later he 
continued his studies in Bloomtield. (Ihio. 
where he remained for 5e\eral years, and 
when he had completed his literary course 
took up the study of medicine under the di- 
rection of Dr. T- Ab:>rri3 Lane, of that 

place. lie afterward entered the Toledo 
Medical College, of Toledo. Ohio, where he 
was graduated in 1884. He remained in the 
olTice of his precejitor until 1S86, and thea 
located in Oakland, Fairfield county, Ohio, 
where he remained three years, after which 
he s]>ent two year> in Stoutsville. Li i89_> 
he remo\ed to Lar.caster, wh.cre he spent 
two years, and then came to Bremen, where 
he soon secured a large and lucrative prac- 
tice. In order to add to his proficiency, in 
1892 he pursued a post-graduate course in 
the Chicago Polyclinic College. 

On the 30th of June. 1881. Dr. Brad- 
ford \\;is united in marriage to Miss Sarah 
S. W'ilsrm, of Muskingiun county, a daugh- 
ter of John and Alartha (Sims) Wilson. 
This union has been blessed with three chil- 
dren, but Lain-a E. died in her seventeenth 
year. The sur\iving children are Ralph 
Emerson and Alda. The Doctor is a mem- 
ber of Stoutsville Lodge. Xo. 2^^. K. P.. 
and in his political affiliations he is a Demo- 
crat. He has served for several years as a 
member of the sclnxil boanl and for one 
term was ma_\-or of Bremen. He mariifests 
a deep and active interest in exerything per- 
taining to the general welfare and as a citi- 
zen, as well as a physician, takes high rank. 


Henry \\'. (_ieiger, who devctes his time field county, for his birth occurred in Rush- 

and energies t<> agricultural pursuits, his ville on the 22t\ of May. 1848. He dimes 

h(rnic being on section 3. Pleasant township, of an old \'irginian family. His paternal 

is lunnbered among the nati\e sr-ns of Fair- great-grandfather. Adam Ceiger, was a na- 


tive of ^\"o.l(!stnL■k. X'irqiiiia, ami in i8o6 ^--aged in Inisincss lor himself. When 
came west with hi- family, hcing numhered twenty-five }ears of age he entered into 
anving the jiioneer settlers of Fairfield partnership with Mr. Reed in e"nducting a 
CMunty. Here he pmrhascd si.v hnn.lred general store in Kushville. .\fter a \^:w 
and f(^rty acres nf land in Plea-ant titwn- years Mr. Reed smUI hi;, interest t'^Georg'C 
ship, and a part I'f this i- mnv incUid.ed Crawford and the firm hecame fleiger & 
^vithin the cnrporatinn limit- of ricasant- Crawford. Later the seni(.r partner pur- 
ville. 'fhrongiv'Ut his remaining days he chafed the intere-t i.f Mr. Cra\\fcr>l ami 
engaged in the development and impn>ve- then conducted the l)U>ine>s aluiie until 
ment of his land. iS-I.t- when he snld the stnre and he and 
His son. David Geiger. the grandfather his uncle. Henry Winegardner. established 
of our subject, accompanied his parents in a tannery in Ru-hville. Two years later he 
their removal from the Ohl Dominion to purchased liis uncle's interest and was sole 
Fairfield county and resided with them upon owner and manager of the enterprise from 
a farm near Pleasantvillc until his marriage 1847 ""i"! ^^'/^. when, his health having 
in 1807 to Catherine Winegardner. They become impaired, he closed out the tannery 
began their domestic life ujion a farm in the business and purclla^ed a farm of two hun- 
localitv and unto them were born two sons: dred and si.\ty-four acres south of Rush- 
John, who resided uium a farm in Indiana ville. He had also inherited one hundred 
until his death: and llerlx-rt. A few days and sixty acre- ()f land 011 section 12. Wal- 
after tlie birth of the younger s. >n the nut township, from his mother, an<l to this 
mother died, and later David Geiger mar- farm he removed. In 1873 he took up his 
ried Elizabeth Howdyshell. They became alxxle at Xew Salem. Fairfield countv. and 
the parents of three children : David, ^lary there iiractically lived retired save for the 
and Elizabeth, all of whom are iiow de- attention which his property demanded, 
ceascil. Tiiroughout the years of his busi- His death occurred in that place in 1892. 
ness career the grandfather of our subject As before stated, he married Sarah Lamb, 
followed agricultural inirsuits near Pleas- who was born December j8. 182 1, a daugh- 
antville and there died in 1820. ter of ^^■illiam Lamb, a farmer and stock- 
Herbert Geiger. the father of our sul>- raiser of this county and a representative of 
ject. was born at P!easam\ille on the loth of i^ne of the earliest families here. L'nto Her- 
September, !8to. and when the days of his bert and Sarah Geiger were born two chil- 
b(;yho.;d and youth had pas-ed he was mar- dren : Plenry W. and Alwilda C. the lat- 
ried ou the 8th rvf .\i>ril. 1847. to Sarah ter the wife of TJrofess(jr William ^L 
Lamb. He had been reared by his grand- Wikoff. Thev reside in Xew Salem. Ohio, 
niother. Mrs. Catherine Winegardner. who In tiie usual manner of farm lads of the 
lived I n a farm near Ku-bville. There he peril :d Henry W.' Geiger was reared and 

ntimitd to make hi- home until he en- educated, and when he had attaiird t.: 

man : 



estate he clii:se as a 
ior tlie j<_iurne}" cf 

Berry, the w edcliuy takiny place Oct(.l:cr 2. 
i8;n. }[er failier. Edward Berry, was a 
fanner of tliis .cminty. as was her graml- 
faiher. wild also liMre tlie iiainc of Edward 
Berrv and was among the early settlers of 
the county, coming from Maryland to Ohio 
in 1805. .\ large number of hi- desceuflants 
are living in Narions parts of the county and 

npanion and helpmate are mostly well-to-do farmers and good citi- 
;- .Miss Clemanlinc E. zens. The marri.'ige oi our subject and his 
wife has been bles>eil with three children, 
who are yet living: Emmitt C. who wed 
ded May Bugh and is a farmer of Pleasant 
township: lidward H.. who married Ger- 
trude Eriend and re.->ide> in \\'alnut town- 
ship: -Mwilda 11,, who is a men.ilier of her 
parents" household and is pursuing her edu- 


Henry Conrad, one of the higlily re- 
spected citizens of b^airhelil county, was 
born in Clear Creek town.ship on the loth of 
Jul}-. 1841. his parents being Henry and 
Sarah. (Walters) Coiu'ad. At the u^ual age 
he entered the public schools and through 
the perii.'ds oi \acatii n assisted in wurk 
on the home farm, where he remained 
nntil he was twent_\-one years of age. Upon 
the breaking out of the Civil war he enlisted 
in Ci nipany E Ninetieth Ohio X'olunteer In- 
fantrw ji ining the army on the 13th of Au- 
gust. i8''>j. He was wounded at the battle 
of Stone River i>n the 31st of December of 
the same year, and was sent to the hospital 
at Xa-h\ ille and afterward' to Cincinnati 
and thence ti^; Camp Chase. Ohio, where. > in 
account of his injury, he was honorably dis- 
charged on the 4th of Ai)ril. 1863. He then 
returned to his home an<l fann. but when he 
bad recovered his health he could not cn- 

tent himself to remain in Ohio while his 
country was endangered, and re-er.listed as 
a member of the One Hundred and Fifty - 
ninth Regiment of National Guards, with 
which he went to tlie front. ser\ing for one 
hundred days. He was then mustered out 
in .Vugaist. i8r>4. at Zanesville. Ohis*. having 
spent the one hundred da}s' service at Fialti- 
nvjre. During this time he held the rank of 
second -sergeant in his ccmpanv-. 

Taking up his alxvle in Fairfield count}-. 
^fr. Conrad resumed farming. In 1870 he 
jHirchased his present place in Clear Creek 
township, comprising eighty-five acres of 
rich land, on which he erected a large and 
attracti\e frame residence and has made 
man} excellent improvements. ha\"ing a well 
kept farm sup]i!ied with all modern acces^^or- 
ies and conveniences. In appearance it is 
neat and thrifty, and everything about the 
place indicates the careful supervision of the 

.Qh'fVAOD Y>lt4HH 



prooTessi\-e and practical owner. Tlie home 
is presided over In a most estimalile lady, 
^vllo in her maidenhood was Miss- Sophia 
Peters, daughter of George Peters, one of 
the early settlers of L'airfield count)', who 
ouiied the fai'm upon whicli !Mr. and Mrs. 
Conrad arc now li\ing. lie died forty years 
ago. The marriage of our suhject and his 
^vife was celchrated in Xovember. 1864. and 
has been Messed with three children, all of 
"\\hom are yet living. Adclle is the wife of 
\\'. W. ]:)oner, by whum she has three chil- 
dren : Harry W., Arthur II. and Ralph C. 
Minnie is the wife of \'. V. Cuckler. of Lan- 
caster, Ohio, an emplo_\e in a shoe factory 
there. George S. is emijloyed in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and married ^liss Stella Theiring. by 
whom he has one child. ISIildred. All of the 
children were born upon the i>ld home place 
in Clear Creek township, and attended the 
district schr^ols. while George was a student 
in the college of Delaware, Ohio, and like- 
■wise pursued a conmiercial course in ditter- 
ent business colleges. 

Mr. Conrad is now serving as school 

director, which pusition- he has filled for 
tliree years. He ha.s been a judge of elec- 
tiijns for the past six years and in politics 
is a stanch Republican, but while he has held 
some oftices, he has ne\-er Vx-en a pohtician 
in the sense of office seeking, preferring to 
give his undivided attention to hi? business 
affairs. Socially he was connected with the 
Grand Army post at Amanda during its ex- 
istence. For forty-two years he ha= been a 
member i;>f the Methridist church, taking a 
most helpful part and being ver\- much in- 
terested in its work. He has served as trus- 
tee, steward and class-leader, filling all of 
those offices at the present time, together 
with that of Sunday-school superintendent. 
He puts forth exery effort in his power to 
advance the cause of Christianity and his 
labors liave not been without eiifect. So 
honorable and upright is his life that he 
commands in a high degree the respect and 
confidence of all Avith whom he has been as- 
sociated, and well di;)es he deserve mention 
in this volume, devoted as it is to the lives 
of representati\e citizens. 


In Democratic circles Fred -L. Manger 
is widely known and on the roster of public 
officials of Fairfield county a])pears his 
name, for he is now capabl}' serving in the 
position of auditor. Pie is a native > f the 
Keystone state, his birth ha\ing . ccurred 

in Berks county, Pennsylvania, on the 4th 
of February. 1840. In the year 1854 his 
father and mother, with their fi-ur S'.'us, 
emigrateil westward, taking up their abode 
in Fairfield county. Ohio, in April of that 
year. His father was a carpenter and build- 



er and tliroughout his entire life engaged 
in business along those lines. His political 
siipi'ort was given the Democracy and lie 
was a member of the German Reformed 
church. Unto and his wife were lx:>rn 
four sons: Eli. who is living in Etna, Lick- 
ing county, Oh.iri; Fred L.. of this review; 
Jacob L., who is a fanner of Pataskala, 
Licking county; and Daniel, who was born 
February 22, 1848. and is now engaged in 
farming near Baltimore. Fairfield county. 

All dqiartments of life are being contin- 
uously recruited from the farms. The boys 
reared amid the surroundings of rural life 
displaying strength of character as well as 
of physical manhood, make their way to the 
cities and become active factors in the vari- 
ous pursuits which constitute activity in the 
varimis lines that contribute to uplmilding 
and prosperity there. Fred L. INIauger 
reared upon the home fann in the usual man- 
ner of boys of the period, \\(jrking in the 
fields through the summer months, while 
in the district schools he acc|uired his early 
education. He was thus engaged until twen- 
ty-one years of age, after which he became 
a student in a select school taught l)y Pro- 
fessor Isaac Johnson in Reynuldsburg. 
Later he began teaching, following that \\vo- 
fession at Wagrani. He then attended 
Central College in Franklin cnunty for two 
terms and while there was elected major of 
the Third Ohio Militia of Licking county, 
the commission being signe<l b}' Goxernur 
Tod. In September, 1862. Mr. Manger 
joined the Squirrel Hunters in response to 
the call of the governor for men to aid in 
the defense of Cincinnati, which was threat- 

ened l)y M(-)rgan of the Confederacy. They 
were statinncd at Camp Xickel.^oiv, seven, 
miles from Covington. Kentucky, where 
they remained one week. Morgan retreating. 
In 1864 Mr. !^Iauger was agent for the 
Hfdiie Insurance Company of d.-lumbus. 
and the following year went to Xasliville, 
Tennessee, where he was employed bv the 
government as assistant steward of the 
Summer street quarters, having cliar-e of 
about seven hundred and fifty men. who 
were doing government work. There he 
remained until after the close of the war. 
He then returned to Fairfield count}-. Ohio,, 
and was engaged in teaching schcxjl through 
sixteen consecutive winters, while in the 
summer months he engaged in the w> rk of 
the farm. 

In 1869 Mr. Mauger was united in mar- 
riage to ]\Iiss Rachel A. Ki>by, of Fairfiek! 
county, a daughter of Benjamin and Sarah 
(Seibert") Roby, who came from \'irginia 
to Fairfield county, bringing the nv ist of 
their effects upon a pack-saddle. The\- are 
still living in Walnut township and ^Irs. 
Roby is now in her eighty-third year. ]\[rs. 
Clanger died October i, 1884, and }ilina 
Helen, the only child born to our sulijcct and 
his wife, passed away ^Nlarch 2, 1900. 

As a citizen Mr. ^Mauger is deeply inter- 
ested in all that pertains to public progress 
and improvement. When in his twenty- 
second year he was elected a major of the 
Third Ohio Militia and remainefl an active 
member of that militan." organization for 
several years. In fraternal circles he is 
quite prominent, being a valued representa- 
tive of the Masonic lodge. Xo. 537, of Mil- 





castor C 


ern Star 

ln,l-e: ; 


y. He 

cliise in 

supix >i-t 

of tlie 



;t towns 


and U-\ 

has liad 

in charg 

important estate. 

r No. II. R. A. M.: Lan- 
cry. Xn. J. Iv. T.;the T.ast- 
iiid tlie Knights of Pythia> 
exercises liis right of fran- 
of t1ie men and measures 
tic party and lias filled a 
hip offices. lie has also been 
.vnship land appraiser, and 
;"e the settlement of several 
s. In. Xoveniher. 1900, he 

auditi^r tnr a term 

the Ji>l of Oct. :1) 

the duties of iiis ])■ 

was elected c\ 
three years ai 
1 90 1, entered 
tir.n. His unhenilint;' integrity of character, 
his fearlessness in the di-chargx uf hi< du- 
ties and his ap|)rcciation <:f the responsi- 
bilities that rest upivn him are such a- to 
make him a most acceptalde incumbent of 
the office and his worth is widely acknowl- 
edged. 1 


W hen the tocsin of war sounded at the 
time when the -pirit (.)f rebellion reigned in 
the snuth, men fn'm all walks uf life tiucked 
to the standard cf the Unimi. putting aside 
busine-s cares and hi^me ties to perform 
vheir <luty to their country upon the field of 
battle. Henry ?I. Walters was among the 
ktya! s.ins of I'airfield cuunty \\h':- jc'ined 
the U'^rthern army and since his retirement 
fn.m military life he has been equally faith- 
ful tn his nati\e land and her best inter- 

Mr. Walters was born in Lancaster on 
the I2th nf December. 1S37. His paternal 
grandfather. Irwin Walters, was a tiative 
of Penns\l\ania and married a Miss \\'ea\ er. 
Seeking a home on the fruntier they made 
their way to Fairfield comity in the begin- 
ning' i.'t the nineteenth century. l)ringing 
Avith them three horses. The wim'hIs were 
green abmit their cal>in hi.nne and the hard- 

ships aiid privations ct piuneer life were to 
be met and lAerccune. Game of all kinds 
was plentiful and it was thrnugh the U6C of 
his riHe that the family b.>ard was supplied 
with meat for several years. The work of 
clearing and cultivating the land progressed 
sli.:wly, but in cour.-e of time richly culti- 
vated fields brought good harvests. Samuel 
Walters, the father of cur subject, was 
born in Harrisburg. Penn.sylvania. in 179S, 
and was alx.ut two years of age when liis 
parents came to this county. When a little 
lad of six summers he was captured b_\' the 
Indians and held fc;ir six days before re- 
turned to his parents, during which time lie 
was clothed in an entire new suit of buck- 
skin. .\mid the wild scenes of the frontier, 
in a district "u the \ei-y br.rders of civili- 
zati'in he was reared and early became fa- 
miliar with the arduous task 'nf clearing 
wild, land and preparing it for the plo\v. 



Aticr j)artiall_\ 
nic.vf.i tn Laii. 
cciuracting ar,; 
of tlie eariy stv 
useful citizen, 
inakiiii,^ in Lar 
of great value 
married Miss 
horn in 11 age 

clearing lii'^ 



1 he 



l.un.ling. He ercoied many 
ctiires there and was a very 
lie alsi.:- engaged in cahinet 
;ister and his cft'iM-ts proved 
frontier region. He 
\. W'arncll, who was 
. Marvland. in 1804. 
and came to Lancaster with her parents. 
]j\ her marriage she l;ec:mie the nv'ther of 
fom- sons; Irwin, who was killed in the 
C:\il war; Samuel, win:* is now a resident of 
'I'cxas: Xcah S. and flenry II. The only 
danghtcr of the family was Minerva, tlie 
wife of Daniel Ro<lei;oiich, of Lancaster. 
After tile death of the lather his widow 
removed to Wdiite Qmid. Kansas, where 
she died in i8Sj. 

Henry H. \\'alters acquired his early ed- 
ucation in the pnhlic schoo-ls of Lancaster 
and. afterward attended a private scIk ol un- 
til his seventeenth year, when he learned 
tiie trade of house and sign painting an<l of 
papering, and throughciut his business ca- 
reer 'he has been connected with these pur- 
suits. He takes contracts for both city and 
countn- work and employes a force of men 
t(jr both branches of the business. His 
patronage comes from adjoining counties as 
\\ell as Fairfield and the busines- has been 
successfully carried on to the present time. 
He takes and executes a large nimiber of 
ci ntracts ar.nualh- and his labors bring to 
him a well merited success. Perhaps one 
feature of his pri'sperity is the persistency 
with which he has continued to la.lKir in the 
held of activity in which as a >oamg trades- 

man he en.barked. Haxing thoroughly 
m.astered the business in carl\- manlvM .d. he 
has ever follow ed it and to-day is recog- 
ni./td as ( ne r;f the leaders in this line. 

Oil the 30th of June. 18C10. Mr. Walters 
ua> imitel in marriage to Miss Catherine, 
a daughter of David and Mary .\. 1 B(.wers) 
(h-off. She was b:,rn in New Holland. Lan- 
caster county. Pennsylvania. an<l in 1850 
c;'.me to Lancaster. Ohio, where her father 
s])enl his remaining day^. L'nto our sul>- 
ject and his wife lia\e been born se\eral 
children: William, of Lancaster: Hrur.ella, 
the wife of Leon Miesse, of this city: iMary 
E.. th.e wdfe of .M)raham Parett. if Circle- 
ville, Ohio: and Margaret, the wife ■ f G. 
.Xixi-n. of Indianapidis. Indiana. 

Mr. Walters is a jiron.iunced Reimblican, 
ha\ing been a stalwart advocate of the p.arty 
from the time he attained his maji-rity. In 
matters of citizenship he is nv^t li^yal and 
in 18A1 lie resp^.nded t'"> the first call for 
seventy-h\-e tin usar.d men. joining Com- 
pan)- A. of the First Regiment i;f Ohio \'ol- 
unteers. imder cMumand of Cri'onel Ci n.nell. 
The regiment was ordered to Washington, 
D. C, and participated in the first battle 
of Bull Run. On the exjjiration of his th.ree 
m<inths'term Mr. Walters returned home and 
accepted a position with a sutler, in which 
capacity he ser\ed ur.til Xovember. 1863. 
when he enlisteil in the Seventeenth Ohio 
Regiment and too.k part in the battle of Re- 
saca. Georgia, where he was severely wangl- 
ed by being shot through the left hand, 
permanently disabling him. He was diein 
taken to the hospital, where he remained 
for nine months, after which he was trans- 



tenxnl ti) Ak-niphis and later ti ^ Camp Den- 
r.i<(/n. at Cinciiiiiati. (;)hiw. where lie was 
iKjn.rahly discharyod in 1X04. He 
is ni.u- a member oi" Ben Buttertleld ^\.^t, 
G. A. i\.. and takes del iy lit in recalliiiii' when 
-with his old aniiv comrades the incidents of 

the war an<l his experiences on southern 
battlefields. I'pr.n his return from the fields 
of carnage and des'jlation he resumed the 
pursuits of ci\il life and has since main- 
tained an honorable position in indu.strial 
circles in his native citv. 


James P.. Clayiwol. who is engaged in 
.general farming on section 34. Greenlield 
townshi]), represents one of the imrst hon- 
ored as well as one of the oldest pioneer 
families in this i>ortion of the state. He 
ivas born in this township, October 22. 1850, 
and is the second son of Isaac ami Xancy 
(Mason) Claxpool, whose histor_\' is given 
ill full on another page of this v(jlume. Xo 
e\-ent (jf special importance i-ccurretl ti> \-ary 
the routine (if farm life for Mr. ClaypiHd in 
his }'outh. His early education was acquired 
in the schools of Lancaster and afterward 
he became a .student in l3eiiiiison University, 
at Granville, where he remained in 1869-70. 
\\'hea his education was completed he at 
once began stock-raising, making a sjtecialty 
of the lireeding i:>f coach an<l trotting lll.r^e3. 
He li icated on the farm \\liei-e lie now re- 
sides and has greatly improved the ])lace. 
A\'hen he to,;k possession of it. it was largely 
covered with a native growth of f^re-t trees. 
These he cleared awav and with character- 
istic energy- has continuei! the work of im- 
provement an<l (level [nnent until he now 

has a very valuable property. In 1877 '""^ 
erected his present line residence, which is 
modern in style of architecture and in all 
its appointments. His farm comprises one 
hundred and forty-five acres of goodi land. 
He has one of the finest droves of horses in 
the country, including an imported Olden- 
burg coach lii.rse. Zelora G.. sTed by Penny- 
pack, a very famous liorse. having a record 
of 2 iJQij at tliree years old. He also has a 
horse that is a grandson of George Wilkes, 
and he makes the circuit with some of his 
liLirses. which have made gi "d records upon 
the track. This is merely a department of 
his business, for he engages in general farm- 
ing and other branches of stock-raising, and 
his well directed efforts are bringing to him 
a very satisfactoiy success. 

In 1883 Mr. Claypool was married to 
Miss Lizzie Peters, a daughter ni Xewton 
and Lydia ( Eversole) Peters. She was 
l>om in <;reenlield township, pursued her 
education in the di.■^trict scho(ds and by her 
marriage has become the mother of two chil- 
dren : Carl Peters, a \tv\ bright hi i\-. who 



is I'.ursuinc; his cdiicatii n in tlie lii,i;li scln >ol 
of T.aiiraster: ami Clark Westev. \vh<> is at- 
temlins' the di^liict schiuil. The elder was 
apimintei] a jiaye in the senate during the 
last general assembly. lie desired to make 
his awn way ihri.iugh sc1kx>1 unaided and is 
doing ?o. lie will soon graduate at the age 
of se\-enteen years and has alreadv passed 
the emmty examination under the Boxwell 
law. which gave him free tuiti'jn in the 
liigh sch.ol. 

Mr. Clayp.Lol, of this review, exercises 
his right of franchise in support of the men 
and measures of the Republican party, which 

he has su[>pi.rted since attaining Ids majnr- 
ity. He is ww township trustee and has 
held other i.'ffices. althnugh the township is 
.strongly Demncratic. He has never si.night 
eifticial preferment, hut his fellnw nien, 
recognizing his worth and ability, ha\e 
called him tn office. He attends the Pres- 
byterian church, and as a citizen is lilieral 
in support of all measures wliich he believes 
will prove of pul>lic lieneht. His worth is 
widely ackno^wledged and he is well known 
as an honored representative of a promi- 
nent pioneer family whose record is praife- 
wcrth\- and abo\-e criticism. 


Isaac Grave, wdio is liUing the position 
of section foreman on the Cincinnati &- Mus- 
kingtim Railroad, makes his home in Bre- 
men. He is numbered among the native 
sons of Fairfield county, for his birth ck:- 
curred in Tvush Creek township on the nth 
of ]\Iarch, 1845. His father. Oliver Grove, 
was born in Pennsylvania in 1821 and in 
his thirteenth year came to Fairfield coun- 
ty, Ohio, with his parents. John and Anna 
(McWilliams) Grove, who -settled in Rush 
Creek township. After arriving at years 
of maturity the father of our subject mar- 
ried Miss Martha Blosser, who was born in 
Fairfield county, a daughter of Isaac and 
F.lizabeth ( Co. ff man) Blosser. By this mar- 
riage were born eleven children, seven of 

whom are living: Isaac, whose name in- 
tro<luces this review; Caroline, the wife of 
Oscar Siefert ; Xancy, wdio married John 
C. Xagney ; \\"illiam ; Samuel ; John : and 

In the public schools of his home neigh- 
borhood Isaac Grove pursued his education 
until his sixteenth year and during that time 
made his residence with his parents on the 
farm. The Civil war was then in prc>gress 
and his patriotic spirit was aroused by the 
attempt of the south to overthrow the union. 
Accordingly, although l>ut a br>y. be offered 
hi? services to the go\-ernment and l)ecame 
a member of Company B. Seventeenth Ohio 
\'o!unteer Infantry, under the command of 
Colonel John X. Conriell. The troops were 


iinnic.liately sent to llio frunt and i)artici- 
pated in a uunibor .,t liattles and ^■ki^n!^llc>, 
including the enoagenients at Cliattamx.-ga, 
ChicUanuHiga, St<jne River and wtlier^ uf le.<s 
importance. Mr. Gruve served faithfully 
tor tlirec years and eleven months, and dis- 
played \alor and loyally equal ti.- that of 
many of the veterans twice or thrice his 
years. He was always found at his post of 
duty, which often took him into the thickest 
of the light, liut never wa\ered in his sup- 
port of the starry banner and the cause 
it represented. Wdien the war was ended 
he rece'ued an honoral)le discharge on the 
23d of July. 1865. and again took up the 
peaceful pursuits rif life. 

Returning to this county, Mr. Groxe was 
employed to operate a sawmill used in manu- 
facturing h.ard lumber. In iSSi he entered 
the employ of the Cincinnati & Muskingum 
Valley Railrnad on a section and for the past 
seventeen years has been foreman of that 
branch of the service. He has been most 
capal.ile in the discharge of his duties and has 
the entire confidence of those wdiom he rep- 

rcr-'ents. As his financial resource- have in- 
creased he has made judicious in\e>iments 
in real estate and he is now tlie nwner of 
\alualilc city pmperty. 

[n 1872 occurred the marriage of Isaac 
(ir,;ve and Mi^s L,,;,i.:i Hillyard, a daugh- 
ter of Enoch and Mary (Hli.sser) Hillyard, 
(f Ijremen. Her father was a native (if 
Pennsyhania and her mother of \'irginia. 
They became early settlers of Ru~lt Creek 
ti_>wnship and were highly regarded a> rcp- 
resenlati\e citizens i.f the community. Mr. 
and Mrs. Ciri^ive have no children ',>l their 
own, but ha\e an adopted son. Roy Grove, 
who is now ten years old. Mr. Grij\-e was 
for six years a memljer of the city council 
and diu'ing his incimibency strongly advo- 
cated e\'ery measure which he Ijelieved 
would prove of general good. It wa> dur- 
ing hi- service that the walks of Bremen 
were pa\ed. His co-operation is heartily 
given e\ery measure tending to benefit iiis 
fellriw men and thronghout the community 
he is known for his honesty and integrity, 
as well as his loyal citizenship. 


David Pence, who is engaged in general He became a planter of the Old DMUiiinon 

farming on section 22. Pleasant township, and was there married to F.arbara Ruffner 

was bi>ru on the 3d, of Xu\-emlier, 1S22. in by whom he had tw. children Iiefore the re- 

Richland township. Fairfield county. Plis nv:val of the family to the west. These 

father, David Pence, w-is a nati\e >>i Shen- were; .Varun, who i)ecame a carpenter and 

andi-ah, \'irginia, burn February 4. 1777. died in Licking county, Ohii>. at tlie age of 



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fk I 


?a;. \<iS. 

/ I 

#om:« aivAa 


cii^lity-llirce years; and Annie. \\\v marrieil 
Tunis P. Ashbrcnk. a fanner of I'airtleld 
CDunty, in wincli |ilace he died at the ad,- 
vanrcd a;;-e 'A r.inety-two years. I>etc-rniin- 
ing' U^ make his home in the r.r.ekeye state. 
David Penee. Sr.. jriurneyed wotward 1)\ 
wagons, b^in^ing witii him hi- hotisehuM 
gen_ids and Ins family. fie settled on a 
qnarter section <A knid in Kichkmd tcwn- 
ship. which had hcen given to and his 
wife hy the hitter's father, ]:.manncl Ruff- 
ner. As time ])a'ised he prospered andi arlded 
t(_) his land.eil possessions until he had very 
extensive interests here. Tlie family wa-- 
akso increased hy the birth of eight children ; 
J'deanor, who married Benjamin Miller and 
after his death became the wife of George- 
Shoemaker; ^Jary. tlie wife of Jacoi.i 
Stoker, a farmer of Hanci>ck county. C);iio ; 
Joseph, who died at the age of fifty-five 
years; Rebecca, the wife of David Fail, a 
farmer of Iowa; Elizabeth, who married. 
Aijraham Spctler. an agricirllurist of thi- 
county; Saphira. the wife of George Miller. 
a farmer oi Jones county, Iowa; David,, 
whose name introduces this re\"iew; and Sa- 
villa, his twin sister, who is the wife of S. 
P. \\"eaA-er, a farmer of Putnam conntw 
Ohiih. .\fter the death of his wife, the 
father of this family was married on the 
J 1st of Feljrnar}. iS;i,2. to Catherine Grow, 
a daughter of Jolm (!lrow. 
county, Ohio, and they had.f 
John, a resident ]>hysician o 
Plenry, a farmer i>f Walnut to 
field county ; Samantha, the w 
Chi^m, a farmer of Licking 
Sarah, wdio became the wi 

if Lickin.g 
ir chiklren ; 
Coliuiibus ; 
iship. Fair- 
e <.f David 
unity; and 
of J,>hn Mays, 
)ut Ixnli are now deceased. After the fam- 

ily resided for a nnn>l>er of years in Rich- 
land townshi]). David Pence sold hi> land 
there a.nd ren:;oved to a farm in Pleasant 
town;ln[i, situated two miles south of Pleas- 
antville on the Pleas.'uit\ ille pike, ui>on 
wiiich he s])ent his remaining days, passing 
a.w'ay in 1&52. 

P)avid -Pence, the suliject of this re- 
view, attended the district schools and later 
continued his ednication in the Granville Cv'l- 
iege in Licking county, Oiiio. He aftcr- 
\vard engaged in teaching for a nirnii)er of 
years and then embarked in the slock busi- 
ness, buying cattle in the west ami dri\ing 
them to market in I'ittsburg. Baltimore anrl 
Philadelphia. For fourteen years he fol- 
lowed that enterprise and tlten began deal- 
ing in sheep, which he purchased in (3hio 
and in the east and sold in the western 
markets for lirceding purposes. A'fter en- 
gaging in that business fen- a number ot 
years Mr. b'ence found that he had ac- 
quired suflicicnt capita! to enalde him to pur- 
ciiase a farm and he then Ijought two hun- 
dred and seventy-tive acres of land in Wal- 
nut townshi]), Fairfield county. As a ci;im- 
panion and helpmate ior the journey of life- 
he chose Harriet M. Pngh, the wedding be- 
ing celebrated 011 the jOth of July, 1853. 
They had two children; Anna '\\. is the 
wife of Joseph S, Sites, an attorne\ at law 
of Lancaster. Ohio; and they are the piar- 
ents of the following children; David F.., 
Jessie L., Roljert, Frederick and Margaret: 
Henry C. married Anna Chisler, and has 
four children; Earl. William, Delia and 
Hazel. Mrs. Pence died in 1895. 

Mr. Pence remained upon his first farm 
for only a brief period. Wdien three year^ 


had iia,s,^eil lie suid tlie i>ro|)cily and througli 
llie succecling- llirce years resided upon a 
• rented tar:r. in die same tnwn-hii). He then 
ijoughi hi> pl■e^cnt farm u{ .me hunchx-d an.l 
forly-(.:ie acre.- ^f rieli land, whicli is nnder 
a high si;ite <,f ciihi\ aiinn, Ijeing improved 
wilh all nu'deru eiiuipnieiils and facilities. 
At the time ...f the Civil war he served as sut- 
ler's clerk i'.Y Reber ^ Kutz and was with 
the army of the Tennessee for s<ime time. 
At the battle of Chickamanga their horses, 
wagons and stock were stolen. The Thir- 
teenth Ohio Regiment to which thev were 

]\[r. Pence again 

ig with that cnn - 

attached re-enlisted an 
\vcnt ti) the In nit, rcmai 
mand utitii ii reacheil .Atlanta, when he re- 
turned t<i the muih. Jle lia-; since engage! 
m peacefully tilling the s.'il and is enjoying 
the fruits of his fMnner lahnr. He is a pro- 
gressive farmer and stcck man and is widely 
anrl favorably kp.own in his native CMunt\ . 
Mr. Pence has always given liis support to 
the men and measures of the Republican 
part}-, but has never cared for ofhce. pre- 
ferring to give his undivided attention to his 
business ir.terests. 


Jacob Ernst is one of the representative 
and highly respected citizens of Fairheld 
county, being one of its early settlers, and 
is now residing in the village of Stoutsville. 
He was born in Berks county, Pennsylvania. 
September 30, 1S30. where he resided until 
he was se\en years of age. when in April. 
1S38, he accompanietl his parents to Ohio, 
The facilities for traveling in those early 
pioneer days were very primitive and the 
family made this journey with teams. They 
located in Washington township, Pickaway 
county. The father of our subject, Daniel 
Ernst, was alsi> a nati\e of Berks county, 
Pennsylvania, and was there married to 
Miss Sarah ]\Iohn. He fdlowed the use- 
ful 'xcupation of farming all his life. He 
died in Washington township. Pickaway 

county, in 1843, at the age of thirty-five 
years. He was an active, enterprising man, 
and his labors toward the cultivation and 
improvement of their frontier home were 
not in vain. The mother was 1> ^rn in 1806. 
in Berks county. Pennsyhania. and long 
survived her husband, being called to the 
home beyond in 1873. in the village of 
Stoutsville. The fatlier held membership in 
the Lutheran church, the mother in the Re- 
lomied church. In politics he gave his -up- 
port to the Democratic i)arty. The parents 
were earnest ' Christian people, with that 
sterling worth of character which, wdien 
combined with energy ami in(histr\-. has 
formed the basis ui the thrift and prosi>eritv 
of our great country. In their faniilv were 
five children, four of whom are \et livinj:: 



Ji^lin resides near Bluffton. \\'ell> cmnilw 
Iniliana, and like his father him, is a 
farmer l>y nccupatiMn. Jacoij is the secon.l 
in onler <_if tiirtli. Mary became the wife 
of Jesse Brown, (.f East Kintr,t;-i.l(l. Ohii.. 
whi.i is a farmer there. She ihed leavin.Gf 
a family of children. Sarah became the 
wife of William L'pp, a farmer, and they 
reside in Clear Creek township. Mary M. 
is the wife of M. Wan Iluren Li:thou:5e. \\\v< 
resides in Columbus. Ohio, where lie is en- 
gag'ed with the Citi^^ens' Telephone Com- 

Our stihject pursued his early educa- 
tion in the common schc>ols of Washington 
townshii), Pickaway county, and remained 
on the old home place until he reached man's 
estate, becoming, through the good influence 
of worthy parents, early imbued with thc/se 
principles of right conduct, without which 
success in life canno^t be attained. In 1S54 
Mr. Ernst removed t'j Fairfield count}', and 
settled in Clear Creek township. He there 
rented a farm, which he operated for some 
years. Ke then purchased a home in the 
village of Stoutsville. al>out the year 1S56, 
and. remo\-ing to his new home has li\ed 
there e\er since. Here he engaged fr>r 
eight years in stone cutting. Ib;wever, in 
1864, feeling that the country needed his 
services, he joined the boys in blue, enlist- 
ing, in Company I. One Hundred Fifty- 
ninth Ohio \"olunteer Infantry, and was 
stationed at Baltimore, Maryland, where 
he served one hundred days and wa- mus- 
tered out at Zanesville, Ohio, having been 
honorably discharged by the government. 
He had gladly rendered his services to the 
cause of the Union, and when thev were no 

longer rerjuired he returned to Stoutsville, 
where he resumed his old bu-iness, as well 
as that of a thre.-her and so ci'Utinued fi-r 
twenty-hve year>. He is at i>resent engaged 
in farming near Stoutsville. 

In the year i!<53 Mr. Ernst had been 
united in marriage to Mi^s Catherine Stout, 
a daughter of J.uathan Stout, of Clear Creek 
to'w ii^hip, who was lx'>rn in i8(,30. He en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits and run a 
sawmill, and was a prominent and enterpris- 
ing business man of his day, doing mucli 
to promote the future welfare of the coun- 
ty in which he lived. Unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Ernst were born two children : Amanda is 
the wife of Lewis F. Crites, a merchant of 
Stoutsville. They had two children : Flor- 
ence, ivho died at the age of five years, and 
Ernst. Xoah A. resides in Canton, Ohio, 
and is a lawyer, practicing at that place. 
He married Clara Levan. They had three 
children, two of whom are living: Delmar 
E., a law student and teacher in the schools 
of Clear Creek township: Alverta. who died 
at the age of twelve years: and William 
A., who resides at home ami is a schoc^l 

From pioneer times up to the present 
progressive age. Mr. Ernst has 1>een an act- 
i\e factor in the intprovement and develop- 
ment of tlie count}' in which he has lived. 
He has ever been an earnest advocate of 
anything tenchng to the general upbuilding 
and improvement of his community. He 
was school director for some twelve years 
and helped build the school houses of Clear 
Creek township. He erecteil the second 
dwelling house in the village of Stoutsville. 
Mr. Ernst is what mav well be termed a self-- 


tln-MU-h lli^ 

nin<lc man, having started in life with 
capital, he ha^ altaincil to ; 
'incnce aivl imiiorlance.ani 
industry, energy and untiring dcv-.tion to 
business enterprises he has achie\-ed finan- 
cial success, he has nf>t tailed to advance 
tlic interests of liis ci immunity in every way 
possilde. He is highly esteemed by all win:- 

kn.As him. In politic^ he is a Democrat. 
He has heltl the office of township trustee 
and other local oi"fice>. and in times of peace 
as in war he has ever l>een faithful t(^ duty. 
He is a devoted member of the Heidelberg 
congregation of the Uefi'rmed church of 
the United States at Stoutsx ille and is hoUl- 
ing the office of elder. 


. Jasper J. Barnett. who is living a retired 
life, has in former years been actively asso- 
ciated with agricultural and mercantile in- 
terests in Fairtield county, and was also 
numbered aniLing- the soldiers that Oliio 
sent to the front at the time of the Civil 
war. He was born in ^ladison township, 
Perry county, Ohio, April 28. 1S33. an<l is 
a son of Solomon and Xancy (Upton ) Bar- 
nett. The father was born in ^^'ashignton 
comity, Maryland, and the mother was also 
a native of that locality. After arriving at 
years of maturity they were married and 
soon afterward came to Ohio, settling on a 
farm in Perry county, where they were 
numbered among the pn^sperous agricult- 
urists of the community. In_ 1844 they re- 
moved to Clear Creek township. Fairtield 
county, where the father spent his remaining 
days, passing away there in 1S75. His wife 
survived him and afterward removed to the 
village of Amanda, taking up her residence 
■with our subject, where she died in 18S4. 

In the family were eight children. The fol- 
lowing reacheil years of maiurit\ : Jemima, 
:Margaret. Ja^per J., Jane, Robert and 
Lewis. In his political affiliations the father 
was a Democrat and both he and his wife- 
bel( iiged to the ^^lethoclist Episcopal church. 
Jasper J. Barnett spent the tlrst twelve 
\ears of his life on the home farm in Perry 
county and during that period attended th> 
district schools, while later he continued his 
education in the public schools of Drinkle- 
and in Kingston Academy, of Kingston, 
Ohiti. He then began teaching in the pub- 
lic scliools and followed that profession for 
fourteen years, proving his capability as an 
educator by the clear and ready manner in 
which he imparted to others the knowledge 
he had acquired and by the w-ay in which 
he maintained discipline. On abandoning 
that profession, he turned his attention to 
farming. In Ma}-. 1864, he enlisted in Com- 
pany I. One Hundred and Fifty-ninth 01ii>h 
Volunteer Infantrv, under the command m" 

\V.":.VU'\^'.7i.V)0\'i ■l^Vt 

(1 !..■'■ '" 

;'i /-;.!i|^f;ii 

ltj.y":\-': .;, v:^l^,AL 

r;!.iiu.>' .i^':.--.! 


Captain E. Grifhtli. Soon afterwanl Mr. 
P.arnctl was commissi. nied lir-t lieuleiiant 
and was ordered t(_> iJaltiniure, Maryland, 
wiicrc lie did garrison dut_\- t\'r one hundred 
days, at the exiiiratinn of which i)eri.:)d he 
received an lionctrahle discharge in Seplem- 
hcr, iS''i4. 

Returning to Fairfield cmuity. 'Wv. Har- 
nett engaged in farming ami stock raising 
and also tlevoted his <ittentii>n to school 
teaching" lor two years. In 1867 he pur- 
cha-ed his father's old homestead, thus be- 
■ccnning the owner of two hundred acres of 
lat:d. to the further development and culti- 
\atii;.n of A\'hich he (.le\'oted his energies with 
untiring activity until 1SS2. Ilis labours 
made iiis place one of the desirable farms 
of the county, his enterprise and capable 
management being manifest in the neat and 
thrifty appearance of the farm. At length 
he put aside Intsiness cares and in 1882 re- 
moved to the village of Amanda, where he 
estaliHshed a harness store, but later he dis- 
posed of that enterprise and is now living 

It was in the year 1865 that Mr. Bar- 
nett was united in marriage to Miss [Marv 

I'.ussard. ..f Fairlield cmmty. a daughter of 
Daniel and Rlmda ( Seidener ) Bussard. Her 
grand[»arents were pioneers of >ilarvlatul, 
ha\iiig settled there in c<-.Ionial days. The 
parents of Mrs. L*.ainett were br)th natives 
of Alaryland anrl \\->>m that state removed to 
Fairfield county. Ohio, the Bussards being 
very early settlers of this portion of the 
state. ]Mrs. Barnett was Ijorn in Fairfield 
county, Xovenrbcr 5, 1839, and by her mar- 
riage ])ecame the mother of two children, 
but Cora E. died in her twelfth year. The 
surviving daughter is Jennie A. 

^Ir. Barnett is a stanch adviK:ate r>f Re- 
publican principles, having supported the 
party since atiaining his majority. He also 
belongs to Taidton Lodge, Xo. 218, I. C). 
O. F., and was once a meml)er of McPher- 
son Post, G. A. R. Since 1849 he has been 
an acceptable meml.)er of the ]\Iethr>dist 
Episcoi^al church and has always been loyal 
to its teachings and active in its work, do- 
ing everything in his power to extend the 
intluence and promote the growth of the 
church. Mrs. Barnett is also an active mem- 
ber of the same church, with which she 
united in girlhood davs. 


Fairfield ciamty is fortunate in that her with the public service is James C. Mix-k, 

offices are largely filled by men of ability, who is filling the office of recc»rder and 

trustworthiness and marked devotion to makes his home in Lancaster. lie was born 

duty. Among the number n.'W connected in that city on the 23d of May, 1865, his 



.!il^M«;i> i; V)' 

icH i!/ 

M .;I 


parents lieiiij^- .Martin and Mary i Hannr.n) 
Mock. His father was Ih.rn in I'.i-rnc lnwii- 
ship. Fairtield ciumty, July 7. iS^^.v and his 
wife was also a native ."if this cmmty, Axhere 
slie spent lier cjitire life, passin^^- away in 
1877. David, the jiaternal qrandfa- 
tlier. was a nati\e uf Tennsylvania and mar- 
ried Miss M. Ruble. o\ (ireenshurt;-, Penn- 

At the usual age Jauies C. M^ck entered 
the puWic schools of tlie comity, there pur- 
suing- his education it-.r several years. He 
afterward spent one term in the high schiX'I 
at Carroll, Ohio, and then l)egan teaching, 
which profession he f(illowed acceptalily for 
six years. On the expiration of that period 

he hecame identified with agricultural inter- 
ests and fi.r a numher of years was em- 
ployed as a salesman in ditl'erent stores, hut 
nou' he is gix'ing his erjtirc attention to his 
olhcial duties. He had previously served 
as assessor and as township clerk, and in 
Xoveml>er, 1899, he was elected county re- 
corder upon the Democratic ticket, entering 
upon the duties of the office in September, 
1000, for a term of three years. He has 
proved himself an efficient officer, dis- 
cliarging his duties with promptness arid 
fidelity, and his course is one meriting the 
praise and O'mmendation of all fair-m'mled 
citizens, bv whom he is held in high esteem 
as a capable and worthy citizen. 


Henry Clay Weaver, who is identified 
with the farming interests of Fairfield coun- 
ty, Ohio, and with the shoe manufacturing 
business of Rochester, Xew" York, inakes 
his home in Lancaster, although he spends 
considerable time in the east. He was born 
in this county and is a representative of 
one of tlie oldest and most honored families. 
His paternal grandfather. .\(lam Weaver, 
removeil from Lancaster county. Pennsyl- 
vania, to the village of Lancaster. Ohio, in 
the beginning r,f the nineteenth century, and 
was first cciunected with business interests 
here as a salesman in the store of Rudc^lph 
Pitcher. In the vear iSio he was elected 

justice of the peace of Hocking township 
and was so fair and impartial in his rulings 
that he was continued in the office for eight- 
een years. In iSu he was serving- as a 
lieutenant in Cai)tain Sumner's Company of 
Artillery and when the second war with 
England was begun this comjiany rqxxted 
to the governor at Franklinton for service, 
but owing to the fact that Adam Weaver 
was then sheriff of Fairfield county the gov- 
ernor excused him from active field service 
and Sosthenes McCabe was elected lieuten- 
ant in his place. In the year 1S26 Mr. 
Weaver was elected coutity treasurer and 
filled that office for four vears. He w-as 

.v\'Au.;V.'. \\:n\v\[:)\.^'':\^ ::\\vi 



alniDSt coiitinu'Hi^ly in cince in the county 
tlirougli a very extended period and was 
recognized as a leader in public thought and 
action at an earh- day, his opinions largely 
shaping the pul:-lic jx'licy during the early- 
years of the century. He was a very active, 
vigorous man and was one of the ])05se of 
men under Thomas E\\ ing who went to ar- 
rest the counterfeiters in 1818. He died in 
the year 1841. 

Among his children was George \\'ca\'er, 
once the editor of the I^ncaster Gazette: 
Mrs. Philip Bope; and John C. Weaver. 
T!ie last named v/as the father of our sub- 
ject. He liecame a ver\- acti\c factor in 
business circles a? a merchant and banker 
of Lancaster. He wa^ born in this city in 
t8i6 and watched its ])rogre5s and ail\-ance- 
ment through many years. His busines- in- 
terests aided in promoting its ci>mniercial 
and financial activit}' and also brought to 
him a handsome retmn on his invc'^tment. 
He was united in marriage to Xancy Archer. 

a nati\e t^f Ripley, I'ruwn county. Obi.), 
and a daughter nf a Revolutionary S'ldier. 
The niuiher of om- subject died at Clifton 
Spring-;, Xew York, in 1880, and the father 
passed away in 1877. Tw(_> children .-ur- 
vive tliem : Henry C.. of this re^'iew, and 
Mary .\rcher. the wife of C. Iv. Richards, a 
shoe manufacturer of Rochester. Xew Vcrk, 
with wlio-ni Mr. Weaver is engaged in busi- 

Henry Clay \'\'ea\er pursued his edu- 
cation in the public schools of Lancaster, 
completing the high school Ciurse. He is 
now largel}- interested in real estate in I'air- 
field county, being the owner of two or three 
good farms, yet he spends a large portion 
of his time in Rochester, Xew York, super- 
intending his manufacturing interests in 
city. He is a \'en" progressive and enterpris- 
ing business man, who forms his plans 
readily and is determined in their execu- 
tion. Such men are the bone and sinew of 
anv community. 


Jacob Crouse. a resident farmer, living 
on section 32. Pleasant township, was born 
in Walnut township, Fairfield county. Ohii>, 
on the 24th of Sqitember. 1849. His fa- 
ther. Levi Crouse. was born in Maryland 
in 1813 and was a son of John Crouse, a 
planter, who brought his family from the 
south to Ohio in 1818, taking up his abc»de 

in Walnut township. Fairfield county. up<in 
a farm which he dexeloped and improved in 
the midst oi the fi^rest. Levi Crmise was 
only tb'e years M age at the time of the 
removal. He assisted in the work of the 
home farm and wa-- married to Catherine 
Bikler. by whom he had v-m children : La- 
vina. who became the wife >_ f Reuben Sands, 


a fanner, but 1)otIi are now ilecea-^ecl; Eliza- 
beth, tlie deceased wife i>f Ihonia.s A\ery, a 
resident i_>f Xewai'k, Ohin; Peter, a farmer 
of Wan Wen cr-nniy. Oliio; and Jacob, of 
this review. 

V\-\on the old family homestead Jacob 
Crouse was reared ?aid in the winter months 
he pursued his education in the connnon 
schools, while in the summer months he as- 
sisted in the wra-k of the fields. On the 
13th of Jinie, iSjr, he married Teresa Wil- 
helm. Her father,. Samuel Wilhelnu was 
born in Rerkele}- county, A\"e>t \'irg-inia. and 
was a son of John W'ilhelm. who was bcrn 
in Pennsyl\-ania and was descended from an 
old Pennsylvanian family. He became the 
overseer of a plantation in the Old Domin- 
ion and there carried cm a,<jricuhural pur- 
suits for many years. His son, Samuel 
\\'nhelni. was in a boat cm the Ohio river 
on the night of the memorable meteoric 
shower in the year 1S33. Locating- first in 
Cincinnati, he remained there for several 
months and then came to Lancaster in 
]\Larch, 1834. Here he engaged in the man- 
ufacture of furniture, making a specialty of 
chairs and bedsteads. F'-r eighteen years 
he successfull}- carried on that business rin 
Broadway and with the profits of die enter- 
prise he eventuall}- purchased a farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres in Pleasant town- 
ship, where crur sul.iject and his wife mnv 
resii'e. In 1852 he abandoned industrial and 
commercial pursuits, renio\ing to his farm. 
On the 20th i->f June. 1834. Mr. Wilhelni 
was uniteil in marriage to Miss Rachel .\r- 
r\fA<.\. Her father was Ix-rn on a planta- 
tion near Hagerstown, ?klarvland, and her 

grand fatlicr, George Arnold, became one of 
the pioneer settlers of Ohio, emigrating to 
this state in iSor. Jlere he l<x\ated a tract 
of land in what is now Pleasant township, 
Fairfielil cnunty, where the county infirmaiy 
is located. This he bought of the govern- 
ment. He erected the first gristmill in the 
county on Fetter's Run, in Pleasant town- 
ship, which was of great benefit to the set- 
tlers, as ]irior to this they had to gn to Zanes- 
ville and Cliillicothe for their meal and flour. 
^While on a ]jrospecting t( air he and the party 
with w hich he traveled were attacked by the 
Indians and he was woinided in the fight. 
After locating his land he returned to Mary- 
land and brought his fannly to the new- 
home. Among the numiier were his son 
Frederick and his wife and their four chil- 
dren — Joel: Daniel: Sarah, who married 
Xathaii Pright; and Susan, who married 
Samuel Shaffer. After tiieir arrival nine 
more children were born ti.> him, of whi:)in 
two died in infancy, while Maria and Fred- 
erick K. died unmarried ; Rachel became 
the wife of Samuel Wilhelm, the father of 
Mrs. Crouse: Lehr married David Bright; 
Absalom: Hrael : and George. The mother 
of this family t>.ire the maiden name of Bar- 
bara Petrie. Her father, \vhen a young lad, 
came from Plolland to America, landing at 
Baltimore, and was sold out to service in 
order to pay the price of his passag'e. as was 
the custom in those days. PI'e learned the 
business of manufacturing powder and after- 
ward became a wealthy merchant of Hagers- 
town, ^Maryland. 

L'nto Samuel ami Rachel f Arnold) Wil- 
helm were l)orn six children, fi.>ur sims and 


two daur;hters : Marv, \\lh« dieil uiiniar- lier father's farm and he i< minil)erecl among 
ried; Biana. who married David Ewing, a the 'progressive and enterprising agricult- 
farmer r>f Pleasant ti-wnship, and dietl ]\lay nrists of the cnmmnnily. Their hr>mc has 

I. 1900: James, wiio is now engaged in the 
real estate business in Columl)Us. Olii'': Mar- 
tin L.. a Lntlieran minister of W'ooster, 
Ohii>: Teresa X., tlie wife of onr subject; 
and Margaret li., the wife <>{ William A. 
Wright, a retired farmer nriw living at ^Nlag- 
nolia Springs, Union county. Ohio. 

Mr. and ]\lrs. Jacob Crouse reside upon 

been blessed with two children, but i.nic ot 
the number died in infancy, the dau.ghter 
Abigail, however, being still under the pa- 
rental roof. The parents hold membership 
in the Lutheran church and give their finan- 
cial and moral Miiii)ort to many worthy ob- 
jects for the betterment of the community 
and the world at large. 


Among the enterprising and progressive 
•citizens of Amanda is Theodore Lape, a 
dealer in furniture and house furnishing 
goods, and liis business qualifications are 
such as ti:.i have won for him prosperity and 
gaineil for him the confidence and respect 
of the entire community. lie was l)om in 
Amanda township. Fairfield county, No- 
vember 3. 1S56. His father. ^Nlaxsil Lape. 
was also born in the same township, his 
natal day being February 22, 1S19. His 
parents were pioneer settlers of Ohio, who 
removed from Pennsylvania to Fairfield 
countv about 1810 and in the miilst of the 
forest cleared and developed a fann. upon 
which they reared their children. Maxsil 
became one of the early agriculturists of 
Amanda township and through the years of 
liis business career was engaged in the tilling 
•of the soil, his labors being rewarded by 

abundant harvests. He was also one of 
the most acti\'e workers and liberal contrib- 
utors of the Lutheran church, in which he 
long held membership. In the early days 
meetings \^•ere often held in his home and he 
did all in his power to spread the work of 
the gospel. Twice married he chose for his 
first wife Miss Caroline Fausnaght and unto 
them were born six children: Belle, now 
deceased: Simon; Monroe: David; Theo- 
dore; and Benjamin, .\fter the death of his 
first wife ^Mr. Lape was again married, his 
second union being with Catherine Bailey, 
of Fairfield countw by whom he had three 
children : Edward E., \\'iIson C. and Verna 
E.. but the first and last named have passed 

In taking up the personal historv' of 
Thei^di vre Lap.e we present to our readers t!ie 
life reci rd of one who is widelv and favor- 

AJ iiaC 


aljly kiiDwii in ^'airfield ccnmty. Hi^ early 
mental training was received in tlie public 
schools of Amanda lownship and later he 
continued liis education in L'lear Creek 
township. }Te remained upon the hume 
farm imtil twenty-or.e years of a^'e and upi n 
stiU'ting'on life's jnurney fur himself he ch.ise 
as a contpanion and heljimate. 3.1iss Ella 
Kesler. their wedding being celebrated in 
1882. The lady was l)orn in Amanda town- 
ship and was a daughter of Peter and ^lary 
(Barr) Kesler. The young couple began 
their domestic life upon a farm in Clear 
Creek ti'wnship and in addition tr. the culti- 
vation of the fields Mr. Lape engaged in: 
stock raising, following both branches of the 
business until 1886, when he removed to 
Amanda and estalilished his present store 
here. He carries a large and well selected 
stock of furnitm-e. carpets, curtains, wall 
paper, stoves aufl queensware. in fact every- 
thing that is necilei] in fitting up a home. 
He has the latest style of goods, which he 

sells at reasonable ])rices. and his patronage 
is already cxlensi\e and is cmistaiitly grow- 
ing. His store mom is twenty-two by one 
hundred and twenty-seven feet and every 
tout of s[)ace is utilized in accommodating 
his goods. He also owns an excellent farm 
of fifty-tivc acres, which is under a high 
state of culti\ati(>n. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lape have no children of 
their own. but adr^jited a little daughter, 
^Lary Helen, and when she died at the age 
of tive years, her loss was very greatly felt, 
for they had beci)me very much attaclied to 
her. They l.nith liold meml)ershi[) in St. 
Peter's Evangelical Lutheran church of 
Amanda and are generi.uis in their conribu- 
tions for its support and are zealous in its 
work. Mr. Lape is'also a member c*f Center 
Star Lodge, Xo. 489. K. P. He is deeply 
interested in all that pertains to the welfare 
of his community and as a public-spiritefl 
citizen does everything in his power to pro- 
mote public progress and improvement. 


Rev. George W. ]\[echling is the pastor 
of St. Peter's Lutheran church of Lancaster, 
Ohio. A natix'e nf Peimsylvania. he was 
Ixirn in We-^tmoreland county in July. 183^). 
His father. Rev. Jonas Mechling. was also 
a nati\e of Petms) bania an<l was reared 
and educated in Westmoreland o untw The 
ancestry of the f:unil_\- can be traced back 
to Thei>bald Mechling. a native of Bavaria, 

who sailed fnun the fatherland to America 
in 1727. He landed in Germantoum. Peim- 
sylvauia. and his family was living near 
Valley Forge thn ugluntt the struggle tVr 
indei^endence. During the campaign of 
\\ a.'^hington' his widow- resided at Zions- 
ville, P'ennsybania. where she spent the re- 
mainder of her life. Daniel Mech.ling. the 
great-grandfather <A our subject, was identi- 



tied witli many Ijii^inev^ interests. He was 
engaged in the l>ankiiig l)usiness. was a deal- 
er in Inniher, and al-.d fallowed agricultu.ral 
]nn>uits. Piiilip deciding, the grandfatlier. 
was a native ox Dau;)hin ccunty. Pennsyl- 
vania, and in later years removed to West- 
moreland county. fie marrie<l Catherine 
Coder, a repre>entati\'c of an old colonial 
family of the Keystone state. 

Rev. Jonas ^ilechling, the father of the 
well known pastor cif St. Peters' church, also 
devoted the be>t years of his lit^ to the min- 
istry, as a minister of the Evangelical Lu- 
theran church. He married Miss Florinda 
Gressinger, a daughter of Andrew Gress- 
inger, who served with tlie rank of major 
in the military organization o\ Pentisyl- 
vania. His wife was a !Miss ^IcLaughlin. 
and her ancestors came from Sccjtland. be- 
longing to one of the old colonial families. 
Theobald Mechling Iwught land fr.Mii W'ill- 
iant and Tliomas Penn. ^^■hicb ])n>perty de- 
scended from one generation of the family 
to another, and as the years passed its value 
gradually increased. It lay near the cor- 
porate limits of Philadelphia and was finally 
sold in 1896. The family was prominent 
and active in public affairs in Montgomery 
county. Peiinsylvania, and Theobald Mech- 
ling was one of the founders of the Luther- 
an church in Zioiis\ilie. that county. 

Rev. George W. INIechling. whose name 
introduces this record, spent his early lioy- 
hood and a part of his school tlays in Greetis- 
burg. Pennsylvania and afterward resided 
in Westmoreland cotmty. where he contin- 
ued his studies. A high school course pre- 
pared him for ollege and he then came to 
Ohio, entering the Capital Univer-ity at Co- 

lumbus. wliQre he prosecuted his studies for 
five years. On the cxijiralion of that jicriod 
he l)egan active preparations for the ministry 
as a student in tlie Lutheran Theolngical 
Seminary, in which he x\as graduated in 
1839. Soun afterward he was ordained by 
the Lutheran synod of Ohio and entered the 
ministry, his first charge being in the vicin- 
ity of Greensburg. Pennsyhania, there re- 
maining until 1865. In that year lie came 
to Lancaster, Ohio, and accepted the pastor- 
ate of St. Peter's Lutheran church, in which 
he has served continuously since, cmering 
a period of thirty-seven years. When he 
assumed charge here the congregation was 
small and somewhat scattereil, but it now 
numbers about one thousand communican.ts. 
Lender his leadership ra]iitl and substantial 
growth has been made and the fine church 
edifice was erected in 1S83. The church in 
point of artistic design is one of the most 
attractive in this part of the state. The 
decorations are of a superior character, mo<l- 
eled by the best and nn^st skilled artists and 
sculptors. ]Many of the specimens were- 
made in Munich, Germany, copie<l fnm the 
works of Tborwaldven. They are among 
the finest of the state and the congregation 
has every reason to be proud of this fine 
bouse of worship. The work of the church 
is well organized in its various departments 
ami its influence is being continually ex- 
tended throughout the various avenues of 
religious training. 

Dr. Mechling has been :>bly as-isted in 
all his work by his estiiuable wife. In 18^)0 
he was united in marriage to ?vli-s Amanda 
Triiub-le, of Columljus, a native of Fairfield 
countv and a daughter of Tames Trimble, 



formerly of Carlisle, Pennsvlvania. 'i'his 
union has been l>lcs?eil with rive children : 
Cyrus J... a [jrominent clothier of Lancas- 
ter; Sus.-m, the wife of John A. Mayer, a 
shoe, merchant : Herbert T., city clerk of 
Lancaster; Alice Matlack. an accomplished 
mu:^ician : and Elizabeth, wife of J. R. Bolen- 
baugh, cf Dayton, Ohio. 

Dr. Mechliiig is one of the trustees of 
the Chicag-o Theological Seminary and was 
for many years president of the District 
Synod of Ohio. For a considerable perii.d 
he served as recording secretary of the f ien- 
eral Council of the E\angelical Lutheran 
churcli of North America, and in 1S98 the 
degree "f Docti;r of Divinity was conferred 
upon him by W'ittenburg College, of Spring- 
field. Ohio. He is widely recognized as one 

of the most eminent divines of his denomina- 
tion. In tlie pulpit he is K^gical. earnest and 
convincing, a fact which is indicated by the 
large inembershi]) of his church. .\t this 
point it wiiuld be almost tautological tc> en- 
ter into a series of statements as showing 
our sultject to l>e a man of broad intelligence 
and genuine public spirit, for these ha\ e been 
shadowed furth between the lines of this 
review. Strcvng in his individuality, he 
never lacks the courage of his convictions, 
but there are dominating elements in his in- 
dividuality a lively human sympathy and 
an alnding charity, which as taken in con- 
nection with the sterling integrity and honor 
of his character, having naturally gained for 
Dr. Mecliling the respect and confidence of 


Faithfulness to duty and strict adherence 
to a fixed purpose in life w ill do more to ad- 
vance a man's interests than wealth or ad- 
vantageous circumstances. The successful 
men of the day are they who have planned 
their own advancement and have accom- 
plished it in spite of many obstacles and with 
a certainty that could ha\e been attained 
only thrraigh their own efforts. This class 
of men has a worthy representative in John 
H. Thimmes. who as a meiuber of the firm 
of Thiiumes Brothers, is engaged in the 
wholesale and retail shipping and pork pack- 

ing business. They are also proprietors of 
two meat markets in the city of Lancaster 
ami the business has assumed extensive pro- 
pijrtions, calling forth keen discrimination, 
capable management and untiring industry 
in its conduct. 

John H. Thimmes was born in the city 
of Lancaster, Xovemljer i, 1S53. His fa- 
ther, Mathias Thinuues, was a natis'e of 
Baden, Germany, where his birth occurred 
on the J4th of April, 183 t. He was in his 
eleventh _\ear v.hen. in Aiiril. 184J. he was 
brought to the L'nited States by his par- 

- .;_'^HM./.v 'j\.\ :\vv\ 




' ..t:> 

.^Hrv!i'/:iH . .K /1;-;U1. 

■((.' •! ,J.ll<|-..-.r .■..!); Jlf. vadT iii/rilr 


1,7 ItCli' 

.( ...;.;.i? b-iiWJ •)i!3 -i tiS'f 


ents. Nicholas and Catherine f Snider) 
'^llimlne^, wlio < m crussiiiQ- the \tlantic to 
llie new world t(>:^k up their ai;udc rni a 
farm in Fairfield ctmnty, Ohio, where they 
roidcd nntil called to their tnial rest. 
Mathias Thimine-. the father of our ^ub- 
ject, was reared npon the lionie farm and 
on 1ea\ing- the parental ixuif learned the 
hntcher's trade in l.anca'iter. He afterward 
ojiened a meat nuirket in this city and in 
connection with its management began (.leal- 
in.g in li\-e stock, hogs and cattle. He car- 
ried on his own butchering and often bought 
and sold for parties in the east. His busi- 
ness reached- quite extensive prop'^rtions. be- 
coming one- of the leading commercial in- 
terests of this city. In Augitst, 1S51, in 
Lancaster, Mathias Thimmes wa~ united in 
marriage to Louise Oatney. of this city. She 
was born in Fairfield county in February, 
1 83-'. a daughter itf P.enedict and Christina 
( Houscrine) Oatney. She is theOnly sur- 
viving memlicr of his father's family, with 
the exception of ^Nlrs. Emma T. Shelter, of 
Fairfield couiUy. L^nto Mr. and ]\Irs. 
Thimmes were born fourteen children: John 
H., of this review: Benedict, who died Au- 
gust 3. 1858: Christ C, born May 6, 1S57; 
Charles X., b';irn August 4. 185S; Louisa, 
born March 3, 1866, and now the wife of 
J. r. Miller, a merchant of Columbus: Will- 
iam E., a butcher, who was born ^Lirch 
22. 186.2: Frank D., born •December 14, 
1863: ^[ary E., born October 18, 1865: 
Sarah E.. Ix^rn February u, 18' '7, and now- 
deceased ; Maggie L.. w ho was born January 
19, 1869, and is the wife of Ed. Brown, 
a merchant tailor of Indianapolis, Indiana; 
Geiirge Mathias, who was born Xo\ember 

17, i87f, and is engaged in the butchering 
l)usiiie»; l-lninKi Cr., b<>rn IXvembcr L2,. 
1873. and n<r\v the wife of Henry AlcLeoMl. 
of Hanville. Illinois: Clara lMiil..mina, liMm 
March 8. 187'): .and Jo>e]ih F.. born June 
2j. i''^77. 'idle father of this familv died 
in September. 18(13. 'j"t the mother is still 
li\ing. He wa> a Democrat in his jiolitical 
views and was a de\-out member of St. 
Mary's Catholic church. t'.> which Mrs. 
'i'himines and all her children and grand- 
child.reu also belong. 

John H. Thimmes, whose name begins 
this sketch, was educated in the parochial 
5chi?ols of Lancaster, and at the age of 
twelve \'ears Ije.gan to assist his father in the 
meat market, which had been established in 
1818. and was conducted by his father until 
1877. Our subject contiiuied to as-^ist in 
the conduct of that enterprise as an em- 
ploye until his twenty-tirst year, when he 
entered into partnership with his father, the 
connection being cijutinued U t four years. 
On the expiration of that period our sub- 
ject purchased his father's interest in the 
market, continuing business al'.me for three 
years, when he entered into partnershiii re- 
lations with his t\vo brothers. Christian and 
Charles \\'., under the firm name of 
Tliimmes Brothers. They are now carrying 
on an extensive butcherin,g business and 
have a large building, which was erected fivr 
packing, smoking and curing of meats. 
There is also a cold storage in connection 
and the members of the firm are extensive 
buyers and shippers of hogs and cattle. They 
also feed large numbers and handle aimual- 
ly about thirty thousand hogs and a large 
numljer of export cattle, which they buy and' 


sliip ti, Baltinicre., their principal 
hug- markets !;cing l'ittsl>urg, rennsylvania, 
and Cliicagr.. Illinois. Tiie imsiness has 
now a>sunieil extensive pn;[i(irtirns and an- 
nually 1 rings ti. the i^artners a handsome 
linancial retnrn < n their in\ estnients. 

John 11. 'I'lnnimes. uf this review, has 
liecn married three times. He tu-st wedded 
Mary Bodenheinier. of I'airlield county, by 
uhoni he had seven cliildren, namely: Lor- 
etta, Leah, Silas, Annie, John, ]\Iary and 
Rachel. There were no children h\ the sec- 
ond marriage. For his third wile Mr. 
Thimmes clu^sen Helen Winters, the widow 
of Mr. Breslin. Our subject, his wife and 
children are all meml:»ers of St. Mary's 
Catholic church. Thev have a \erv fine resi- 

dence, modern in all its aiipnintments and 
supplied with all of the comforts and many 
of the lu.Kuries which g(j t'l make life wi^nhy 
the living. In aildition to his city [iruperty 
Mr. Thimmes owns a fine fai'm of four 
lumdred acres, where he raises cattle and 
hogs and where the helds are under a high 
state of cnlti\ation. His life has been one 
of continuous activity, in which has been ac- 
corded due recognition of lalmr, and to-day 
he is numl)ered among- the substantial citi- 
zens of his county. His interests are thor- 
oughly identified with those of tlie nijrth- 
west, and at all times he is ready to lend his 
aid and co-operation to any movement cal- 
culated to lienefit this sectiim of the country 
or ad\-ance its wonderful development. 


For two-thirds of a century John D. 
Wolford has been a witness of the growth 
and prosperitv of Fairfield county. Many 
changes ha\e occurred in that tiiue. for the 
labors of the citizens have wrought great 
transformation, reclaiming the wild land for 
the purposes of civilization, replacing the 
log cabins by large and substantial resi- 
dences: towns and villages have sprung up, 
industries and manufactories have fjeen in- 
troduced, and on every side are seen the evi- 
dences of Civilized progress and improve- 
ment known to the elder sections of the 
country. }dr. Wolford has taken a deep in- 
terest in all this work and has contriliuted 

his share to the county's development. He 
now resides in Hocking townshii) uiiou the 
Beck road. 

He was 'uorn one mile west of this place, 
on the Qth ni September, i^y'y. His pa- 
ternal grandfather sjient his entire life in 
West \'irginia. there dying .it the aiKanced 
age of ninety-one }ears. The family is of 
German descent and many of the sterling 
characteristics of that race have descended 
to our subject. The parents of John B. 
Wolfonl were Adam and Jane ( Slane) 
\\V)lford. The father was born in Hamp- 
shire countv. West \'irginia. and after ar- 
riving at vears of niaturitv wedded fane 



Slane, w linse liii'th ncciuTe'.l in tlie same I1)- 
calitv alxnU 1SJ5. When he was twtnly- 
fi\-c years of ag-e lie left his oKl lionie and 
eiiiiijrated westward, takin^;- up his ahnde 
in ulial is now Hockinc: township, Fairiiel'l 
(:ount\-. Ohio. Here he purch.ased a Had 
of land, deseloped a faian and also erected 
a sawmill on llnnier's J\iin, stream 
crossing- his land. His ])lace comprised 
forty-one acres and upon it he made suh- 
stantial improxenients. developing an excel- 
lent hrime li:>r himself and family. Tliere 
he continued to reside for forty years, hein.t; 
engaged in farming and the manufacture I'f 
lumher. He was al.^o a carpenter by trade 
and folli'wed that pursuit to sume extent, 
so that he was an active factor in the in- 
dustrial interests of tlie community. At the 
age of si xt_\ -seven, h.owexer. lie sold his mill 
and reni'«\evl to \'an Wert county, Ohio, 
where he owned ])roper;y. He spent some 
years there and then returned to the old 
homestead in ^\'est \'irginia. making it his 
place of residence until eighty-one years of 
age, when he was calleil to his final rest. 
}{e vC'ted with the I3emocrac\'. and his re- 
ligious faith was indicated by his memher- 
ship in the Lutheran church. His wife had 
passefl away fifteen years before the death 
of her dying on the home farm in 
H(,icking township when sixty-seven years 
of age. She. too, was a member of the Lu- 
iheran church and her Chri.stian example 
has had a marked influence upon the lives 
of her children. Eight children were horn 
unto her. but ovAy two of the number are 
now living. Xornian, who was a carpenter 
by trade, tlietl in \'an Wert county, Ohio, 
at the age of thirty-two years. James, who 

carried on carpentering and farming in 
Hocking townshiii. passed away at the age 
of thirty-two years. .Margaret died in Co- 
luml)us at the age of fifty-one. Susan died 
in Hocking township at the age of twenty- 
one. Mary .\nn died in infancv. Sarah 
Jane also ilied in infancy. F.!>eth is the 
widow of G. .\. Fincfrock, who was a slioe- 
maker of Columbus, Ohio. John R. com- 
pletes the family. 

.Air. Wy.hord. whose name introduces 
this record, acquired his early education in 
the comm.jn .schools and tlirough his youth 
assisted his father u]>on the home farm and 
in. the o])eration of the sawmill, remaining 
under the parental roof until he had attained 
his maj'.irity. Thinking, however, to follow 
some other work than that of the fields, he 
then went to Lancaster, where he learned 
the carriagemaker's trade, which he followed 
many years, and in connection with tliis he 
engaged in the manufactm"e of hominy, hav- 
ing a mill at his home place. In the latter 
enterprise he has continued for a period of 
fort\-one years, and he invented a mill and 
holds a ]>atent thereon. Li business affairs 
he is noble, reliable, prompt and energetic, 
and his strong determination enables him to 
o\-ercome all obstacles, thus working his 
wa_\' upward to success. 

On the 2d of March, i86j. Mr. Wolfr.rd 
was married in Lancaster, Ohio, to Miss 
Caroline Groves, a daughter of Andrew^ 
Groves, formerly a resident of Pleasant 
townshii). Her father was a very pn^minent 
and influential citizen of Fairfield c<junty, 
his liirth occurring here, and during the 
years of his busines.s activity he-was known 
as a prosperous and progressive farmer. 


Unto .Mr. and ^frs. \V..!forJ were b(;rn 
eight cliiklreii, fixe of win mi rire living: 
Luther died al the aye uf sc\en nionlli>. 
W'ilhaiu. wlio is a teacher in tlie (h^iriet 
schools, makes his lumie with his parents. 
He has taken (|uite a prominent pari in Icca! 
politics and has ser\ed as lownshii) as- 
sessor and at ].iresent is clerk of the tow n- 
shi]x Alice is the wife of Elliott Pence, a 
merchant of Indiana, by wlmm she has one 
son, Wolford. Thomas is a resident farmer 
of Hocking township, living near Amanda, 
who married Edith Kerns aiifl had twn chil- 
. dren, ^Lahel, who died at the age of eight 
months, and Donald. Ijzzie is the wife C)f 
Clyde Coffman, w ho is a mail carrier on the 
rural route. Charles died at the age of 
three years. Susan died w hen rnily a month 
old. Edward is an employe of the Hr.cking 
Valley Works at Lancaster. All of the 
children were born in Hocking town.shin 

and were pon-ided with the educ;Uii)nal 
privileges to [it tlieiii fni- the practical and 
respnnsihle duties of life in this hustlir.g 
and Inisthng age. 

Mr. Wnlf..rd has seen much ..f Eairheld 
county cleared .if the tiniher, and the greater 
part of its inipio\ements made. He iias 
done his full share in working to uplniild the 
same and is knuwn as a representative man 
of his community. He has held the office 
of township treasurer lV>r nine years, dis- 
charging his duties most ijn.imptly and ca- 
pably. He vijtes with the Democracy and 
is a member of the Lutheran church. Li 
business he has achieved success thr.mgh 
honorable eitorl. untiring industry and ca- 
pable management and in priwaie life he has 
gained that warm personal regard which 
arises from true miljilit) of character, defer- 
ence for the opinions of others, kindliness- 
and genialitv. 


John Christopher Hartmann, a retired 
carpenter and builder, of Lancaster, Ohio, 
was born in the kingdom of Hano\ er, Ger- 
many, May 31, 1834. His parents were 
William and \\"ilhelmina (Harding) Hart- 
mann, who were also natives of the same lo- 
cality and there resided upon a farm until 
July, \d-j,y. when they crossed the broad At- 
lantic to the new world, landing at Quebec, 
Canada. From that citv thev made their 

way to Buffalo, Xew York, thence Ijy boat to 
Cleveland, Ohio, ami up the canal to Lan- 
caster, Captain Reel being in command of 
the packet in which they completed their 
journey. The}- landed at Kinney'- ware- 
house at the end of Maine street. The fam- 
ily consisted of father, mother and ten chil- 
dren — eight sons and two daughters. In the 
following spring the father pirrclused one 
hundred and sixtv acres of land iL lierne 

,' ^^-\ 

«, ')■.■■& ': 



township and with his family ti.ok np iiis 
abcxle thereon, dexntiny liis energies to 
farming and stock raising. With the fam- 
ily canrc two young mem b}- the name of 
John Rosemeyer and William Bush and an 
adopted daughter. Saphronia Burgess, who 
is now the wife of \'alcntine Myers. In the 
party were also Henry Senna, his wife and a 
son. who settled in Lancaster. William 
Ilartmann, the father of our subject, con- 
tinued ti> reside upon the farm for a number 
of years. beci-'Uiing tine of the successful 
agriculturists ■►f the commimity. In 1S57 
his wife died arid in 1S62 he sold his farm 
and removed to Fort Wayne, Indiana. Two 
years later lie returned on a visit to Lan- 
caster, and while here was taken ill and died 
in October of the same year. Of their ten 
children, five brothers and two sisters are 
yet living, namely : Henry, of Fort W'ayne, 
Indiana: John C, of this review; Charles, a 
farmer: August: John; W'ilhelmina ; and 
Sophia. Tho.-e who have passed away are 
William Conrad and Frederick. 

In accordance with the laws of his na- 
tive land Mr. Hartmann attended school be- 
tween the ages of six and fourteen years. 
He accompanied his parents on their emi- 
gration to the new world and remained 
upon his father's farm in Fairfield county 
until eighteen years of age. when he began 
earning his own living by working as a farm 
hand for James McKinley. ' After a year had 
passed he commenced learning the cabinet 
maker's trade in the shoj) of Charles Wagen- 
hals, of Lancaster, but this work proved too 
confining and he turned his attention to car- 
pentering, whicli would allow him to be out 
in the open air to a greater extent. For 

many years he was associated with the work 
of contracting and building, although at 
times he was identified with agricultural in- 

After his marriage Mr. Hartmann re- 
moved to the old homestead, which had be- 
longed to his father, in Berne township, and 
there engagefl in tilling the soil until 1861, 
when he removed to the farm belonging to 
his mother-in-law in Hocking township. In 
i80j he went to Fort Wayne. Indiana, where 
he built a large banked barn for his brother. 
When this work was completed — and the 
barn was one of tlie finest in the entire coun- 
try — he entered the employ of the Pittsburg 
& Fort Wayne Kaihx»ad. with which he re- 
mained until October, when he returned to 
Lancaster and entered the employ of the 
Cincinnati & Muskingum \"alley Railroad 
in the carpenter depaitinent of the car shops, 
where he continued until 1866, and the fol- 
lowing year he began contracting and build- 
ing on his own account and also acted as 
manager in the erecting of buildings for 
other parties. He had at times from twelve 
to twenty-five nien nntler his direction, and 
many of the substantial structures of this 
city and the surrounding country stand as 
monuments to his thrift, skill and enterprise. 
In 1873 he was elected policeman under 
Mayor Saul Schlow. under whom he served 
for two years, while for Line year he con- 
tinued under Mayor Bendeum. He after- 
ward turned his attention to fanning, own- 
ing a valuable tract of sixty acres just out- 
side the corporate limits of Lancaster, and 
to its development and improvement he ga.\e 
his attention in connection with contracting 
and building. 


Mr. llartniann has always l)een a stanch 
advocate of goix! road.s and his et'fiirts in 
this direction have heen of great \'akie and 
benelit to the county. He brought the sub- 
ject up liefore tlie board of county c. inmis- 
sioners and impressed up'-u tliem the im- 
portance of lia\ ing a good rcjad i^r juke lead- 
ing from Lancaster to the Slate L^arm, a dis- 
tance of six miles. This suggestion was 
adopted by the comity commissioners and 
work was begun upon the pike and yiv. 
Hartmami was made its superintendent and 
not only directed the laliors of the men thus 
engaged but also took an active part in the 
building of the pike and is still serving as 
its superintemient. The city of Lancaster 
and Fairtield county apjjropriated the funds 
necessary for the constructii.m of four miles 
of this pike, while the state was ti- appro- 
priate the means for the construction of the 
remaining two miles. The building of this 
road has been of great practical benefit to 
the citizens of this portion of the state and 
Mr. Hartmann deserves great creilit for 
what he accumplished. In 1863. on his re- 
turn from the west. ^[r. Hartmann joined 
the volunteer fire department, becoming a 
member of the "Old Reliance," a hand en- 
gine company. Later, when the city pur- 

chased a steamer, Mr. Hartmann became its 
hrst foreman. 

Li 1S5S was celebrated the marriage of 
our subject and Miss Caroline Boden, of 
Lancaster, a daughter of Charles and Fran- 
cis Ikiden. They became the parents of 
three children : Charles li. ; .Sophia, the wife 
of K. Wagenhals; and Theodore. ^Jdie 
mother died in iSyJ ;md 'Mr. Hartmann was 
again marrieil, his second union being with 
.Vmelia, a daughter of Emanuel Wagenhals. 
This marriag'e has been blessed with one son, 
Walter Charles, who is uuw six years of age. 
The family have a jileasant home at Xo. 
1270 South ljri>ad street. Mr. Hartmann is 
a JJemocrat in his political affiliatirtus, en- 
dorsing the princii)les of tlie party as set 
forth by Andrew Jackson, and religiously is 
a member of the German Lutheran church. 
This church was established in 1S47 '^"J ^f""- 
Hartmaim's father took an active part in its 
organization. The church on Chestnut street 
was erected b_\- the members, the work being 
done free of charge, while ^Ir. Hartmann 
was the one who circulated the paper asking 
for assistance. He lived to see it cmnpleted, 
and when his spirit had left its earthy tene- 
ment the funeral sermon was preached from 
its altar. 


Mrs. Xancv McCleery has for many friends. She was born near Llebron, in 

years resided in Creentield township, her Licking county, C>liio, July 2. 1S21. Her 

home lieing on section 27. an<l thnaighout father. }vLartin Beaver, was a native* of \'ir- 

Fairtield cuntv she has a large circle of ginia. and was a son of Abram Beaver, 



wlio was l>cru in X'irgiiiia aiul (levntcl liis 
lite to agricultural piu-suits. He rlie.l i;i 
18J4 at the age it sixty-six years, while his 
wife, Barbara Beaver, passed away iu 1823. 
at the age oi fifty-six years. When a young 
man Martin Beaver came to Ohi.i, settling 
in Licking county, lie married Elizaljeth 
Rhoads, who was also born in the Old Do- 
minion and they tL>ok up their almde on a 
farm. The father was a minister of the 
Baptist church and for ^several years en- 
gaged in preaching in Licking and adjoin- 
ing counties ; his high moral worth, his kind- 
ly manner and other estimable qualities, en- 
dering liini to all who knew him. He didl 
in his seventy-fifth year, but his memory is 
still enshrined in the hearts of many. His 
wife was a daughter of John and Catherine 
Rhoads, also natives of \'irginia. Her fa- 
ther died in 1825 and her mother in 1S35. 
Unto the parents of Mrs. McCleery were 
born thirteen children, ten of whom reached 
adult age. She was the fourth child and 
second daughter and was reared in Licking 
county, early becoming familiar with the 
duties of the household aiid pursuing her 
education in the common scIil-oIs. In 1845 
she became the wife of William McCleery. 
who was b(_>rn in Pennsyhania, April 8, 
1S04, and when eleven years of age came 
to Ohio with his parents, wh^ located upon 
the farm which is now the h.ime of Mrs. 
McCleery. The sun was there rearetl and 
the educational advantages offered in the 
schools of Greenfield township were eiij>.;yed 
by him. He first married Priscilla McCall 
and unto them were born four children, 
but one is now living: Sarah, the wife 
of George W. Beck, of H>xking township, 

Faii-|ield cnunt}-. The deceased are M;iria, 
\\\u; married Reason l)c Bait; Fdizabcth, 
who m.irriod .Micliae! Finef.ick; Samuel 
R.. who was twice married, first to Sarah 
Kemmer and second to Laura Patterson. 
He ser\ed f. ur years in the Civil war as a 
member ..f the Lieveiuh Ohio Ca\ah-y, 
which was in the mountains of the west, 
fighting the Intlians then engaged in their 
work of massacre and devastation. 

After the death of his first wife. Mr. 
McCleery wedded Xanxy Beaver, and they 
became the i)arents of ten children, of w hom 
three daughters and two sons are }et liv- 
ing, namely ; ^^'illiam, who married }*Iar- 
tha Leonard, and makes his home in Liberty 
township; Martin, who married Josie 
Baichley. and resides in Pleasantville: Pris- 
cilla. the wife i_>f G. \\'. Xye, w ho is living in 
the state oi Washington; and Melissa and 
Lnmia. who are at home. Those decea^ed 
are; three who died in infancy; Clara, who 
becante 3ilrs. Pressley Ccnipton and died 
]\Iarch 15. 187^, leaving one child, Ida 
Stella, who married R. J. Peters in 1898, 
and they ha\-e one son, Ralph; Mary Alice, 
the _\-r>ungest of the fannly, wlio married 
Albert F. Turner, of Bremen, and died No- 
vember 20. 1 888. 

Mr. r^IcCleery serx'ed as assessor of his 
township and also filled the office of trcas- 
ur^T. He \vas a well known and prominent 
member of the Presbyterian church, tru^k an 
active interest in its work and served a- a 
teacher and sniierintendent of the Sunday- 
school of the Greenfield Presbyterian churcli. 
He liberally assisted in erecting the house 
of worship in that place and did all in 
his power to advance the welfare and ex- 


teiul the inriuence of the churcli. In \vA\- sunives him and is well known in Green- 
tics he was a stanch Rcjuihlican ;uul neither field tuwn^hip, where she has so long resided, 
fear nur favor oaild swer\e him from a The circle uf her friends is almost co-ex- 
course which he Ix-lievcd to Ije right. He tensive with the circle of her acquaintances 
died August ii. 1873, respected and hi;n- and well d( cs she (Jcscrve mention in the 
ored by all wiii:> knew him. His wiilow still history oi her ailoptcvl county. 


W hen a little lad of six summers Joseph 
Sherburne was brought to Fairfield coun- 
ty. ^hire than three-quarters of a century 
have since passed and w(_>nderful ha\-e been 
the changes which ha\e occurred. Xo cen- 
tury in the world's history has witnessed 
such mar\elijus development along the line 
of commendable progress as has the nine- 
teenth, and Joseph Sherburne ever tciok a 
keen interest in the fact that his adopted 
county has kept in touch with the universal 
advancement. His life w as devoted to agri- 
cultural pursuits on the farm where he made 
his hom.e up to the time of death, in 
Rush Creek township. His birth occur- 
red in York, Pennsylvania. October 26, 
1 81 8. His father, Henry Sherburne, was 
born in the Keystone state and with his 
family came to Ohio, settling in Fairfield 
county. In Pennsylvania he had married 
Miss Mary Siferd. of that state, and they 
became the parents of ti\e children : Henry ; 
Emanuel, who was killed in the Civil war: 
Harriet; Eliza: and Josq)h. of this review. 
The lather devoted his energies to agricult- 

ural pursuits until his life's labors were 
ended in death. He passed away in Berne 
townshii) about two miles frc:>m the present 
home of our subject. He was a member of 
the lAUherau church. 

During the days of his boyhool Joseph 
Sherburne looked upon the log cabin liomes 
which were a feature of the landscape of 
Fairiield county and experienced the trials 
as well as the pleasures of frontier life. He 
pursued his education in a log school house, 
but his advantages in that direction were 
not of a character to^ compare with these 
aftorded by the common-schwM system of 
the present time. When only ab<xu eight 
or nine years of age he went to work \\]Kyn 
his father's farm and to him gave the bene- 
fit of his ser\ices until al>out the time when 
he attained his majority, when he began 
farming on his own accoimt, renting land 
of his father. After his marriage he pur- 
chased eighty acres of land. Later he sold 
that property and became the owner of a 
farm cl<;ise to the one \.\\>ox-\ which his wid''>w' 
now resides. Again he purchased another 


farm and in all he had at the time of his 
death, four Innadrcd and twenty-Hve acre-; 
of valnalde lani.l, comprising' one of tlic rich- 
est farming tracts in Fairfield count}'. When, 
he started uut in life for himself he had not 
a dollar, but he relied upon imtlagging in- 
dustry and capable management to bring 
him success. He did not believe in waiting 
for opporttmity. or for something to turn 
up, but made business opportunities himself 
and through well directed efforts he accumu- 
lated a liandsome competence, thus leaving 
his family in very comfortable circum- 

On the 22nd of March, 1S40. Mr. Sher- 
burne was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Lutz, a native of Pcrrv countv, Ohio. She 
was born Januars- 17. 1S21, and with her 
parents afterward came to Fairfield county. 
Her father entered land from the govern- 
ment in this locality. Her parents were 
John and Louisa Lutz. bijth natives of ^lary- 
land. but thev are deceased and their chil- 

dren have als'« passed away with the excep- 
•tion oi Mrs. Sherlrurne. 

The liomc of Mr. and Mrs. Sherburne 
was blessed with nine chihlren, namely : 
Fli, Sarah and Lydia. all deceased: J<-ilin, 
who is li\"ing in \'an Wert oiuity, Olu'i); 
William, a resident of Illinois; La\-ina. who 
died in infancy: ^Minerva, the wife of Jrihn 
Brelinier, of Circleville, Ohio: Calvin, who 
is married and living in Illinois: Ella, who 
is living in Rush Creek trnvuship: and Bell, 
the wife of ^^'illiam D. Krout, also of Rush 
Creek township, Mr. Sherburne took great 
delight in pro\iding comfortably for his 
family. He carried on general fanuing and 
also engaged in the raising of full-bliKided 
stock. In politics he was a Republican and 
was a member of the L'^nited Brethren 
church. He was honest with his fellow men, 
faithful in friendship and to home ties, and 
when called to his final rest many mourned 
his loss. He passed from this life to the 
spirit world in 1899. 


Elnathan S. Mallon is accounted one of 
the most highly respected citizens of Aman- 
da township, who is to-day as loyal to his 
country's welfare as when the rebellion 
threatened the disintegration of the Union 
and he donned the soldier's suit of blue and 
went to the south in defense of his country. 
As long as memory lasts the people of this 

nation will hold in gratitude those brave 
sons of America who fought to preser\"e the 
Union intact. His life history began May 
30, 1832, on v>hich day he first opened his 
eyes to the light in the family home three 
mile'; west of Lancaster, his parents being 
Cyrus and Elizabeth (Myers) Malign. The 
father was also a native of Ohio and was a 


fanner In' nccupation. In 183J he juine'l 
the regular army and after five years of army 
life settled in Genryia. 

The mother of our subject died when he 
was only two days old. and he was then 
taken by an aunt to Tarlton making' it his 
home until he was six years of age, when 
he was adopted by John \\'ilson. of Hock- 
ing county, who resid.ed near Perry. 'Mv. 
Mallon then remained with Mr. \\*ilson un- 
til he attained the age of seventeen years, 
when he started out in life on his own ac- 
count. Since that tinie he has been depend- 
ent entirely npon own lesources and has 
iWon the proud American title of a self- 
made man. He learned tire trade of a car- 
penter and resided in Circleville for twelve 
years, after which he emigrated westward. 
\\'hen eiglitecn months had passed, however, 
he returned to Ohio and here he sought as 
a companion and helpniate f'.ir the journey 
of life ^liss Sopliia Brown, their wedding 
being celebrated in t85('. She was also a 
natix'e of this county and a daughter of 
Jacob Brown, a stone mason and farmer. 
The yoiuig couple began their domestic life 
npon a farm and soon afterward ^Ir. ^lallon 
purchased his present place of residence, 
■which he has made his home continurmsly 

He put aside all business anil personal 
considerations in August, 1S62, in order that 
he might aid his country in her struggle 
to crush out the rebelliou in the scmth. He 
enlisted as a member of Company H, One 
Hundred and Fourteenth Ohio A'olunteer 
Infantry, and served until the close of the 
war. He was with Sherman at A'ickslnu'g. 
being wounded at that place on the 22d of 

Ma\'. He was also present at the capture 
(if Arkansas Post, at the battles of Fort 
Blakcly, Champion Hill, Black River and 
\'icksl)urg. He ever found it his most pleas- 
ant duty to faithfully defend the old tlag 
and the cause which it represented, and with 
a deep feeling of rejoicing he heard of the 
surrender of the Confederate troops, know- 
ing that it meant the supremacy of the 
Union cause. He was nnistered out at 
Houston, Texas, and at Columbus, Ohio, he 
received an honorable discharge. 

The home of ]\Ir. and Mrs. Mallon was 
blessed with five children, three sons and 
two daughters. Mary Elizabeth became the 
wife of Roliert Bell, a carpenter residing in 
.-\inanda township, and died at the age of 
thirty-eight years, leaving three children, 
while one died in infancy. Those still liv- 
ing are: Rody, Homer and Myrl. \\'ill- 
iani L., the second of the famih', resides 
upon a farm adjoining his father's place and 
is a successful agriculturist and carpenter. 
Fie wedded ^lary Cloud. George B.. who 
resides aliove Cedar Hill in Amanda town- 
ship, is also identified with the building in- 
dustry. He married Hattie Cupp. and they 
had two children, but ^largaretta is now de- 
ceased, while Etta resides with her parents. 
James W. is a carpenter of Athens. Ohio, 
and had two children, but both haxe passed 
away. .Annie J. is at home. All were born 
upon the old homestead in Amanda town- 
ship with the exception of the eldest daugh- 
ter, whose birth occurred in Circleville. 

In 1902 Mr. Mallon was called upon to 
mourn the loss r,f his w ife. who passed away 
on the 14th of January of that year at the 
age of sixty-rt\'e }'ears. ten months and fijur- 



teen i\-x\>. She wps ni"*;'. devoted to lier 
family ami their weltave, and her many 
splendid qna!ilie> won her the respect, es- 
teem and warm friendship of all with whom 
she liecame acnuainted. She was a meml.ier 
of the E\'angelical Association. Mr. Mallon 
belonged to the Grand .Vrmy Tost while the 
post was maintained in Amanda. In pol- 
itics he is a Repnhlican and has held .some 
local offices, incliidint>- that of assessor. It 

has not la.ken the excitement and dangers 
of warfare to hring ont the courageous spirit 
anil imfaltering loyalty of our subject, lor 
he has ever been a citizen of worth to his 
community, interested in everything pertain- 
ing to the general gC"""!. His existence has 
coxered se\en decades, and throughout that 
long period he has ever enjoyed the tru-^t 
of his fellnv men and merited their high 


John Kocher, nc>w deceased, was one of 
the early settlers and highly esteemed citi- 
zens of Fairfield county. He was born in 
Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, and 
when but a small boy was brought to Ohio 
by his father. Peter Kocher, the latter also 
a native of Penns_\lvania. The father took 
up his abode in Circleville. Pickaway coun- 
ty, where he lived for a number of years and 
then removed to Lockburn, where he died at 
an advanced age. He was a prosperous and 
progressive man and his energetic labors en- 
abled him to provide well for his family. 
He was twice married and his tirst wife died 
in the Keystone state, but the second wife 
sur\i\"ed him for a number of years. 

John Kocher. whose name introduces this 
record, remained with his father until he 
attained his majority, and the schools of 
Pickaway county afforded him his educa- 
tional privile.ges. In his }'outh he learned 

the mason's trade, which he followed until 
his marriage, after which he came to Fair- 
field county and settled in Clear Creek town- 
ship, locating on a farm which was given 
to him and his wife by his father-in-law. 
The tract comprises one hundred twenty- 
two ^cres of rich land, upon which Mr. 
Kocher made all of the impro\-ements. erect- 
ed a large and pleasant frame house and 
built substantial barns an.d other outbuild- 
mgs, adding the latest improved machinery 
and all modern equipments. His attention 
was given to the cultivation of the scil and 
raising of stock until his 'death. His labors 
were so discerningly directed that he won a 
most desirable competence. 

Mr. Kocher was married to Miss Annie 
Pontius, who was born December 15, 1839, 
in P'ickaway county, Ohiii. the daughter of 
Daniel and Mary (Metzker) Pontius. Her 
father was a native of Pennsvlvania and re- 



inoved to Ohio, settlingf in Pickaway coun- 
ty, wliere ho spent liis remaining days, pass- 
ing away at tlie age of sixty-six years. His 
wife died at tiie age of sixty-eight. Unto 
Mr. and Airs. Koclier were !»<:rn eleven chil- 
dren, ten (.>f wh':)in are still li\'ing. Daniel, 
a farmer residing in Clear Cre=k townsliip, 
married Miss Catherine Bownian. Mary 
Ann is with her inotiier. Ji'hn, wlio re^ides 
on the home farm, n'larried Panhne Reigle. 
a daughter of George Reigle. and they have 
two sons : William Allen and Irvin Leroy. 
Catherine died at the age of four years. 
Artimesia is li\-ing with her n'.other. Syl- 
vester, v.ho resides in Clear Creek town- 
sliip and is a fanuer there, married Miss 
Jennie B. Thomas, daughter of Reuben 
Thomas, and they have ten children: John 
R., of Circle\'ille, who married Miss Ida 
Thomas and has one child, Ida Mahel ; Ed- 
ward; Minnie, the wife of Edward Cool, by 
whom she has two children ; Theodore ; 
Betta, the wife c-f Williaiu Hedge: Robert: 
Russell J : Emmett : Bruce : and one who died 
in infancy. \\'illiam, who carries on agri- 
cultural pursuits in Clear Creek township, 
married Jerusha Cornelia Koldren. a daugh- 
ter of Andrew and Betsev Koldren, and thev 

have two sons, Cahin Elsworth, a carpen- 
ter of Columbus, Ohio, who married Jennie 
Spangler, daughter of Daniel Spangler ; and 
Charles. Peter is a farnicr of Pickaway 
couiUy, wh(-> married Mahala Garrett, and 
they ha\-e fi^ur girls: Melva X., the wife iif 
Amos Kleiner, of Seneca coi.nty : X^ra: 
Laura and Kate, at heme. George \\'., who 
carries on agricultural pursuits in Clear 
Creek township, married Catherine Stout, 
daughter of Henry and St^^an Strnil, and 
they had three children. Xettie and Hulda. 
both deceased, and Ora. Isadell is at Ik me. 
Marilda is the wife of Charles E. Conrad, a 
son of ^\'esley Conrad, and they reside in 
Clear Creek township with their only chihl, 
Kirby Allen. 

Mr. Kochcr died in 1880. at the age of 
sixty-four years, two months and twelve 
da_\'s. He was a Democrat in politics am! 
was a meml)er of the .\llbright church. His 
life record was at all times commendable, for 
he was straightforward in all his dealings, 
reliable in friendship and devoted to his fam- 
ily. He was laid to rest in Maple Hill ceme- 
tery in Clear Creek township, his death 
being deepl}- mourned by all who had 
known him. 


For nearly thirty years Thomas W'etzler nineteenth century and lias since l.een in 

was the editor and proprietor of the Ohio continuous publication. Mr. W'etzler was 

Eagle, one of the \e.\\- journals of this state 1)<>rn on a farm near Lancaster, Penn-yl- 

that were established iu' the (lawn of the vania, on the iQth of February, 1829, and 



at an early a.;;e came to 01iii> with par- 
ents. They trave!ef! overhnnl, our subject 
taking' his turn in driving' the team ancl 
assisting in tlie varicius duties wlicn the httle 
party encamped al^mg the roadside l<.)r the 
niglit. It was a wearisome and tedious trip, 
for the roads were in p(jor con'htii'n. but tlie 
ex])eriences enc'>unlei'ed in that j(_)urriey 
proved a splendid sch.ioiing to the boy in 
later battle^ ot lite. Tlie ianiil> reached 
FairlleUl county and soon afterward the fa- 
ther (.lied, so tliat upi.>n the mother devolved 
the difficult ta>k of rearing and educating 
her children, including several sims and 
daughters, but bravely she undcrto-k the 
work, ar.d her children ever acknowledge 
their deep gratitude to her for what she 

.After acquiring a common school edu- 
cation Thomas \\'et7der obtained employ- 
n-ent in the 1 ftice of the Lancaster Gazette, 
where lie received his first instructior.s in the 
printing trade. In 1849 he went to Cin- 
cinnan, Ohio, and wi rked en the Gazette of 
that city un.til tlie summer of 1830. when he 
removed to CoUiml.uis, being employed in 
various printing establishments of the capi- 
tal city firr si.'ine time. During the '60s 
he was superintendent of a large printing 
house of Richard Xevins, who for a numlier 
cf years had the contract for the state print- 
ing and possessed what was at that time one 
of the most complete plants of the kind in 
the .=tate. In 1870 ^^Ir. W'etzler returned to 
Lancaster and purchased an interest in the 
Ohio Eagle, a paper which had been estaW 
lished in 1809. In the fall of 1870 he tix>k 
up his abode in Lancaster and his compre- 

hensi\e and accurate knowledge of the 
printing trade enaljled him to place the Eagle 
in the foremost ranks among Ohio's jour- 
nals in a \ery short time. The business of 
tb.e office had quadrupled and the period c>f 
his connection w ith the pajicr was one of 
prosperity. In the spring of 1890, in con- 
nection with his son, Edward W'ctzler, he 
established the Lancaster Daily Eagle, and 
in its editorial work he took an active part 
until the year 1896, when he suffered a 
stnjke of paralysis which inca])acitated him 
for further labor. On the 23d of March. 
1899, a second stroke terminated his life. 
He had for many years occupied a leatling 
and honored position in journalistic circles 
and his eff(.>rts in behalf of the city of Lan- 
caster through the columns of his paper 
largely promntetl its progress and growth 
in many lines of substantial improvement. 
Mr. \\ etzler was united in marriage to 
Laura Wilkinson and they became the par- 
ents of four sons and three daughters, but 
George, the eldest, died in the fall of 1879. 
The living children are Charles: Jolin : Ed- 
ward; Airs. G. O. Wells, of Xew A\ rk city; 
Airs. C. P. Wiseman; and Fannie Wetzler. 
In his p->i!itical \ iews Air. Wetzler was a 
Democrat. He t<\ k a very active interest in 
politics and many times serveil as a delegate 
tM Conventions. In 188S he was chosen as 
the district delegate to the national Demo- 
cratic CI nNention at St. Lcuis and four years that was alternate-at-large to the con- 
vention which first nominated Hon. Grover 
Cleveland f(.r the presidency. .Although his 
schor«l privileges were somewhat limited, his 
reading was broad and comprehensive and 



he kept well inl'mnecl on tlie questions and his cffcrts in behalf of Lancaster for the 
issuer of the ilay and on all matters of gen- social, material, intellectual and moral 
oral interest. He had a keen insis^ht which i^ruwih. were important and of far-reaching- 
enabled him to recognize possibilities and effect. 


Jacob L. Ropp, who is connected with 
the farming and stock-raising interests of 
Fairfield county and is also identified with 
banking circles, was born near Little Cieorge- 
town. West \'irginia, on the ist of July, 
1849, lii* parents being Jacob and Catharine 
(Riner) Ropp, both of whom were natives 
of Berkley county, \\"est A'irginia. where 
they spent their entire lives. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject was Sijiomon 
Ropp, a native of Germany, who on crossing 
the Atlantic to America settled in West \'ir- 
ginia, although that state then frvrmed a p>art 
of the Old Di>minion. He was a farmer, 
successfully carrying on the wi rk of hi- 
fields, and was a prominent aiul influential 
citizen. About ]8o5 he wa< united in mar- 
riage to Miss ]\Lary Yeasley. a daughter . f 
Michael and IMott Liana Yeaslew wh > were 
also born in Germany, and o\\ their emigra- 
tion to the new \vc>rld in 1734 located in Jef- 
ferson county. West \'irginia. With, a num- 
ber of other Germans Michael Yea^Iey lail 
out a town on the south bank i-i the Pntnmac ' 
and named it Mechlenliurg. by which name 
it continued to be called until 1760. when it 
was changed to Shepherdstown. Although 
a town of onlv seventeen hundred inhab- 

itants it has the proud distinction of furnish- 
ing three governors to Ohio — Tiffin, Mor- 
row and Worthington, who were all born 
there — and also five members of congress — 
Morrow, Baker, Swearingen. Bedinger and 
Boteler. ^Michael Yeasley was a weaver by 
trade and by industry and perseverance made 
a success of his business. He built a sub- 
stantial brick house one-half mile west of 
Shepherdstown which is still standing, and 
there he reared a family of nine daughters, 
all of whom married but cue. The married 
daughters were Mrs. Hill, Mrs. Welshans, 
Mrs. Staley, Mrs. Bowen. Mrs. Sheets, Mrs. 
Cookus, ]\Irs. Ropp and Mrs. Brotmarkel. 
Unto Solomon Ropp and wife were bcvrn 
eig'ht children, three sons and five daugh- 
ters, who in order of birth were as follows : 
Hilary Magdalene, who married Jrhn Miller; 
Daniel, who married Xancy Small; Cath- 
arine, who became the wife of Jacob Lingam- 
felter: Elizabeth, who married Jacob Cox; 
Hannah, who married Davitl Hoffman; 
Solomon, who wedded Mary Folk: Jacob, 
father of our subject: and ^L^rgaret. wdio 
married ^^fr. Hedges. .Ml remained near 
the old homestead throughout life with ex- 
cejition of Margaret, who after her marriage 








renK»\-ed to Misst.>uri and tlierc spent Iier 
remaining- days. The father of these chil- 
dren engaged in farming abuut one mile 
north of the original Ri 'pp homestead and 
there reared his family. 

After arriving at years of maturity. 
Jacol) Rop'p. the father of our snl)ject, de- 
\-oted his attentii">n to agricultural pursuits 
and met with creditable success in his chosen 
vocation. In 1840 he married Miss Cath- 
arine Riner. a daughter of Peter and Ann 
Marie ( Lingamfelter) Riner, who were 
married about 180S. Her n.iother had been 
married previously, her first husband being 
a ]\Ir. Hot^'man. Her father owned a large 
tract of land in Back Creek valley, near 
Jones Spring-, and Avas engaged in tilling the 
soil. He ser\-ed his country in arms during 
the war of 1812 and later purchased a farm 
six miles north of Martinsburg-, \\'est \'ir- 
ginia, in the Shenandoah valley, where he 
made his home for several years, and then 
g-ave it to his eldest son, buying a large tract 
of land at Little Georgetown on the Potomac 
river, twelve miles west of Shepherdstown. 
There he spent liis ren-taining days in a huge 
limestone house where our subject was born 
and reared. In the Riner family were five 
children, two sons and three daughters, 
namely: Henry, who married Eliza C' uch- 
man ; Mary, who ne\-er married; Elizabeth. 
who married George Sperow : Catharine, 
mother of our subject ; and David, wlio mar- 
ried Margaret Flagg. Eight children were 
born to Jacob and Catharine (Riner) Ri'pp, 
namely: John Peter, who) died y(.amg: 
Mary Eliza, \\\v> n-iarried (leiirge T. Speniw, 
of Bell Pdint, Ohio: Emilv Catharine, who 

married Henry Gwilliems ; Daniel Henry, 
who married Jennie Smith; Jacob Luther, 
whose name intrcxluces this review; Sara.h 
Elizabeth, wdio married Sanuiel Le Fevre 
Dodd; Margaret, who died in infancy; and 
]\Lartha Jane, unmarried. The father of this 
family died on the 4th of March, 18S2, at 
the age of sixty-four years, and the mother 
passed away on the 29th of April, 1893, at 
the age of seventy-nine. Li political circles 
Jacob Rojjp was an actise factor, doing 
everything in his power to promote the 
growth and insure the success of the Repul>- 
lican party, and upon its ticket was elected 
county treasurer in 1865 and a member of 
the state legislature of West Virginia in 
1 868. 

Jacol) L. Ropp, our suliject, came frrmi 
West ^'irg-inia to Fairfield county, Ohio, in 
the year 1894 and purchased his present 
farm of Melancthon Solt. He had acquired 
his education in the public schools of hiis na- 
tive state and throughout his life has been 
identified with farming and stock raising. 
Llere he is conducting the same line of work 
and is to-day the owner of a valuable tract 
of land in Bloom township, being accoiu-ited 
one of the most successful and progressive 
farmers of the CL->nuuunity. He has also 
been identified with banking interests. He 
was one of the organizers of the Citi.-^ens 
National Bank at ?^Iartinsburg. \\"est \\r- 
ginia, and served as one of its directors until 

On the loth of October, 1876, Mr. Ropp 
was joined, in wedlock to Miss Eliza Jane 
AnderS' III, a daughter of David ami Tdary 
( Sjieck ) Anderson, wh<-ise parents came to 

2 34 


this country from tlie north of Ireland or 
Scothnul an.l located at \\'eJ?h Run, I'eini- 
syh-ania. In early life her father folloue<l 
the wagun maker's trade. After his mar- 
riage he removed to Clear Spring, !Mary- 
jand, anfl in i?57 became a resident of Berk- 
ley county, \\'est \'irginia, where he en- 
gaged in farming, but his last days were 
spent near Iledgesville, that state, where he 
died February 1 1, 3892, at the age oi eighty- 
two years. His wife surviveil him and 
passed away February i, 1901, at the very 
advanced age of ninety years. They were 
the parents of six daughters, as follows: 
Margaret Ann; Elizabeth, wife of George 
Newkirk: Catharine, wife i.f Ernest \\'aern- 
icke: Eliza Jane, wife of our subject; 
Susan Bell; and Florence Speck. The chil- 
dren born to ^Ix. and Mrs. Ropp were Clar- 

ence, who was accidentally drowned while 
bathing in the lake at Buckeye Park on the 
31st of August, 1805, at the age of seven- 
teen years; Nora Bell; Mary Catharine; 
Ethel \'irginia; and Eliza Gilmore, all at 

'J'he family hold membership in the 
Eithiipolis Presl>yterian church and Mr. 
Ropi) is quite prominent in political circles, 
having beli>nged to the Republican executive 
committee of Berklc}" county, \\'est \'ir- 
ginia, fi-r fi.ur years and still taking an act- 
ive part in advancing the success of the 
party in this county. His life has been act- 
ive, useful and honorable. 'and althougli his 
residence in Fairfield county covers but a 
comparati\-e brief period he is already widely 
and favijrably known as a progressive and 
re[)resentative citizen. 


The life tenure of Mrs. Mary Elizabetli' 
Reese covered a most imp:irtant period in 
the history of the country. She passed the 
eighty-eighth milestone on life's journe}". 
and while woman does not figure promi- 
nently in public affairs and therefore lives 
the quiet life of the home she nevertheless 
exerted an intluence which had its bearing 
upon the nation s history. She was the eld- 
est sister of John and W. T. Sherman, the 
former one of the mcist celebrated states- 
men ; the other one of the most distinguished 

military commanders whose name graces the 
annals of America. Through iier close con- 
nectirjn with, one of the most prominent fair.- 
ilies of America she kept in constant touch 
with public events and the nation's progress, 
aiul her influence, though quietly exerted, 
was nevertheless potent in shaping events of 
far-reaching influence. In social circles of 
Lancaster she was long a leader. Her en- 
tire life here passed with the exception 
of ten years spent in Philadelphia. 

Her birth occurred in Lancaster on the 



2 1 St of April, 1S12. lier father lieing- Charles 
R. Sherman. From tlic time of her mar- 
riatre, which occurred when she v.a'; ?even- 
teen years of age, she was a leader in so- 
cietv in Lancaster, known to all of its peo- 
ple and highly esteemed and honored. Her 
true womanly qualiiies. superior culture. 
learning- and innate refinement, combined 
with sympathy and tact, early gained for 
her a position in Lancaster which was even 
strengthened as the years went by. and the 
impress of her individuality }-et remains 
upon the cultured life of Lancaster. 

Wlien her brother. General W. T. Sher- 
man, afterward the hero of many a battle 
and the loved commander of a great army, 
but then broken in spirit and much distressed 
on account of cruel and unjust treatment, 
came to Laricaster on a furlough, after he 
had been relieved by Secretary Cameron on 
the plea that he was either drunk or crazy, 
she was the one to whom he went for sym- 
pathy, and it was her faith in his ability 
that fortified him and gave him the encour- 
agement that induced him to return to the 
army, where he was destined to rise to high 
honors and fame. But 'Sirs. Reese never 
forgave Cameron for the injury to her 
brother, and at the marriage of her neice 
to Don Cameron she declined to be escorted 
by the Secretary, notwithstanding he had 
apologized for the treatment of the General. 

In the old homestead, a part of which, 
now modernized, still stands on the hill, be- 
tween the residences of E. B. White and 
Philip Rising, the home in which her broth- 
ers and sisters were reared, Mary Elizabeth 
Sherman was married in her seventeenth 
year to William J. Reese, a wealth}- young 

lawyer of Philadelphia, who had begun the 
practice of his profession in Lancaster. The 
courtship which resulted in this marriage 
furnishes one of the pretty legends associated 
with historic Mount Pleasant, a unique pile 
of rocks on the northern boundary of the 
city. The popular version of the story is 
that Miss Sherman, to test the lover's cour- 
age and affection, sprang from the face of 
the bluff, which rises two hundred feet and 
more from the base, and was immediately 
followed by Mr. Reese. Alighting on the 
decli\it_\- many feet below, both were saved 
from injury, and immediately she gave her 
"promise true"' to the brave >oung fellow. 
Somewhat short of the romance, the in- 
cident, as related by Mrs. Reese, was as fol- 
lows : One afternoon she was induced by- 
some of her school friends to play truant 
and the I)evy ascended Mount Pleasant, 
where they were wandering about when 
they chanced to encounter a party of yc)ung 
men, among whom was Mr. Reese, who at 
that time was pacing marked attention to 
Miss Sherman. Xot wishing to meet her 
admirer, she started on a run to evade them, 
her f'jot slipped on the verge of the prec- 
ipice and over she went, landing a few feet 
below on a ledge of rock, where she lay 
unconscious. Young Reese noticed her dis- 
appearance and sprang after her, and by the 
aid of the others lifted her back to the plane 
above, and she was assisted home in a semi- 
conscious condition. When medical aid 
was summoned it was found that the teeth 
of her old-fashioned tortoise shell comb had 
been driven their length under the scalp and 
broken off, necessitating the use of a knife 
for their removal. The voung lady was 



badly bruised by the fall, but was otherwise 
uninjuied. A piece oL' her dress, which was 
torn off in her descent, was picked up 1)> her 
rescurer and preserved for years as a cher- 
ished memento. The heroine of this little 
escapade gave her hand in marriage to her 
rescurer, developed into a woman of splen- 
did graces of character which endeared her 
to all and the ties of respect, friendship and 

love strengthened as she approached a beau- 
tiful old age. She reached the age of eighty- 
eight years, passing away in 1900. A chap- 
ter of the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution has been named in her honor. In 
Lancaster, where she so long resided, her 
memory is still enshrined in the hearts of 
all who enjoyed the pleasure of her friend- 


John J. Silbaugh, who is engaged in the 
practice of medicine and surgery in Lancas- 
ter, is numbered among Ohio's native sons, 
his birth having occurred in the city of 
fronton. Lawrence county, in January, 
1S60. His father, William Silbaugh. was 
a native of Germany, while his mother, who 
bore the maiden name of ^Mary Exxrlcigh, 
was born in Virginia. They were among 
the early settlers of Lawrence count}-, and 
the father was a weaver by trade. 

In the place of his nativity Dr. Silbaugh 
spent the days of his boyhood and youth, 
and mastered the branches of learning 
taught in the graded and high schools 
there. When it came time to make choice 
of a calling which he wished to make his life 
work he determined to enter the medical pro- 
fession and pursued his early studies under 
the direction of Drs. Maurice and A\'ilson, 
both prominent physicians of Ironton. His 
more advanced reading was pursued in 
Bellevue Hospital in Xew York city, where 

he was graduated with the class of 1886. 
He then retnrned to Ohio and entered upon 
the practice of his chosen vocation and at 
once located in the town of Royalton, Fair- 
held County, where he remained for ten 
years, when seeking a broader field of labor 
he reint)\ed to Lancaster, and has since been 
known as a capable, discriminating and earn- 
est member of ilie medical fraternity. He 
is \ery accurate in diagnosing disease and 
anticipating the outcome of complications. 
He has now a large and lucrative practice 
among the best class of people here and his 
labors are bringing to him a desirable tinan- 
cial return. 

In 1 886 the Doctor was united in mar- 
riage t(-i Miss Margaret ^^'elch, of Ironton. 
and unto them were born a son and daugh- 
ter. Carl and Mary. The mother died in 
1 89 J and f'^ur years later the Di 'Ct(jr was 
again married, his second union being with 
Gertrude Williams, of Royalton, a daughter 
of Fletcher Williams. Thev also have two 



children : Ray and Huglies. Their hos- 
pitahle home is a favorite resort with ninny 
friends, and the Doctor is also a vaUied rep- 
resentative of the Masonic fraternity. Ke 
belon,c;s \r< tlie bhic lodge, chapter and com- 
mandcry, and is also identitied with tlic In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

In t!ie line nf his jimfession he is cimnected 
with the L)liio Stale Medical Society an<l 
the American Medical Association. His 
strict reg;ird for professional ethics, his 
broad humanitarian principles, his unfailing- 
courtesy and genial manner, all combine to 
make him a successful and prosperous pliysi- 
cicni whose high reputation is well merited. 


George W. \\'ygum, who carried on gen- 
eral farming on section 24, Greenfield town- 
ship, is of German lineage. His father, 
George W. W'yguni, was born in Baden. 
Germany, and when eight years of age ac- 
companied his parents on their emigration 
to the new world. They landed in Xew 
York, thence made thcT way tu Pittsburg, 
and from the latter cit}- proceeded b}- boat 
to Cincinnati. They continued their jour- 
ney through the state, seeking a favorable 
location, and two men, representing them- 
selves as having land to sell, induced Mr. 
\\'ygum to accompany them to inspect the 
property. When they had gone some dis- 
tance from the settlement they robbed him 
of all his mony, but fcirtunately his wife had 
five hundred dollars. Returning to his 
family, he then started with them for a Ger- 
man settlement in Rush Creek township. 
Fairfield cxint}-. and here he purchased a 
tract of land. 

The son. George W. \\'ygum. Sr.. was 

bound out upon a farm to work for his board 
and clotliing and was also to be allowed the 
privilege of attending school during the win- 
ter months. Being ambitious, he improved 
ever}- opportunity, and by the time he was a 
young man had a goixl education for tli'ise 
days. He afterward engaged in teaching 
school with Considerable success. Hax'ing 
learned the trade of a baker and confec- 
tioner, he established a bakery and grocery 
store in Lancaster, where he soon secured a 
very lil.ieral patronage and made mone_\- 
rapidly. His surplus fund he invested in a 
farm in Pleasant township and thus became 
a factor in agricultural interests in the 

After the inauguration of the Civil war, 
however, he manifested his loyalty to his 
adopted land and gave proof of his patriotic 
spirit by enlisting in the Si.Kty-first Regiment 
of Ohio Wilunteers, with which he serve-l 
as quarterma-ter until the close of hostil- 
ities. He then went to Xashville, Tennes- 



see. and establislied a furniture store, but 
after a few years he sold his business there 
and returned to his home farm in Pleasant 
township, Fairfield c>juniy. After a sh. !rt 
period had elapsed lie sold this property and 
once more removed to Lancaster, where he 
remairicd for two _\"ears. He then purchased 
one hundred and sixty-six acres of land on 
section 24, Greenfield township, and contin- 
ued its operation throuj::hout his remaining 
days. ])assing away on the 20th of Decem- 
ber, i8o_|, respected by all who knew him. 
When a young man yir. AX'yg-um had 
married Margaret Geil, a daughter of 
Christian Geil. a German of Rush Creek 
township. They became the parents ■■■f 
twelve children, of whom two died in in- 
fancy- : two (if the sons went to the south 
to setk their fortune>, but no tidings were 
ever after received from them. Mary is the 
wife of William Fetters, a resident farmer 
of I'leasant township; George W.. our sub- 
ject, is the second in order of birth; ]Mar- 
garet married J':)hn h'etters and their home 
is also in Pleasant township; Elizal.ieth 
married William Stahl. of Lancaster ; 
Charles is upon a part of the old family 
homestead; Kate is the wife of John Fitzer 

and they now reside in Urbana, Ohio; became the wife of Scott Kcste, and 
lives in Columbus, Ohio; William follows 
carpentering in Lancaster; Frederick D., a 
graduate of Starling Medical College, of 
Columbus, Ohio, was engaged in the prac- 
tice of medicine in Mawille, this state, at 
the time of liis death, which occurred July 
23, 1S90. 

George \\'. Wygum, Jr., has never mar- 
ried. He managed the farm for his mother 
until her death, and since that time has con- 
tinued to operate it for the family. Close 
tics of fraternal regard bind the members 
of the \\"ygum family and representatives of 
the name have ever been people of sterling 
worth, enjoying in a high degree the confi- 
dence and respect of all with whom they 
have been associated. The father was a 
very jjrominent and intlueniia! man. Of 
marked business ability, keen foresight and 
executi\e ability, he carried forward to a 
successful completion whatever he under- 
took, and while w intiing prosperitv for him- 
self he also faithfully performed his duties 
of citizenship and co-operated in many 
movements and measures for the general 


To the energetic natures and strong men- 
tality of iuch men as Thomas H. Dill, who 
has been an active member of the state legis- 
lature, is due the success and increasing pros- 

perity of the Democratic party in this state, 
and in the hands of this class of citizens 
there is every assurance that the best inter- 
ests and welfare of the party \vill be attended 






to. Given to tlic prosecution of active meas- 
ures in political affairs and possessing tlie 
earnest purpose of placing tlieir party be- 
yond the pale of possible diniinution of 
power, the Demccratic leaders are putting 
forth every effort to promote their party's 
strength. One of the leading representatives 
in this portion of Ohio is Mr. Dill, ^vho 
throughout his life has been a loyal citizen, 
imbued with pa.lri.iiism and fearle-s in de- 
fense of his honest convictions. 

]Mr. Dill was bom in Kent county, Dela- 
ware, February 7. 1839, a son of Philemon 
and Rebecca (Hnrd ) Dill, the former a na- 
tive of Kent county and the latter of Caro- 
line count}-, ^laryland. The Dill family is of 
Scotch-Irish origin and the first of the name 
in this county were AVilliam, John and Ab- 
ner. The old family homestead in Mar^dand 
has been in possession of the family for 
almost two centuries, the first transfer of the 
property being on record in 1705. The tract, 
comprising three hundred acres, has ne\'er 
been out of the name. The original Golden 
Grove estate comprised twehe hundred acres 
John Dill, the grandfather of c>ur subject, 
was a native of Caroline county, Maryland, 
and the maternal grandfather was Thomas 
Hurd, a farmer of Kent county, Delaware, 
whose father, A\'illiam, was a Revolutionan,- 
soldier, while Thomas Huf d served his coun- 
try in the war of 1812. 

Mr. Dill, whose name introduces this re- 
ord, spent the first seventeen years of his life 
in the state of Delaware and then came to 
Ohio, where he entered Oberlin college, 
spending two years as a student in that in- 
stitution, pursuing his studies through the 

winter months, \\'hile in the summer he fol- 
lowed farming. He also tiK>k up the study 
of law, which he followed for two years, 
but preferring' agricultural work, he al^an- 
doned preparation for the legal profession. 
Tor eight years he resided in }vb:irrow coun- 
ty. Ohio, where he owned and cultiwated one 
hunilred acres i;>f land. In 1S66 he came 
ti:> Fairfield cuntw but after a year returned 
to Morrow coiuity, living upon the old 
homestead farm c>f one hundred and sixty 
acres, belonging to bis \\ife. When six 
}ears had passed he removed to W'esterville, 
Franklin county, Oliio, where he remained 
for four years and in 1877 took up his 
aliode in Bloom township, Fairfield comity 
upon a farm which remained his place of 
residence for ten years. 

^Ir. Dill has been very prominent in jxj- 
litical affairs, as a leader of the Democratic 
partv. In 1888 he was elected on its ticket 
to repvesent his district in the general as- 
scmblv l)v a majority of fourteen hundred 
and fifty and served so capably that in 1890 
he was re-elected by an increased majority, 
amounting to eighteen hundred a*id fifty- 
six. During his term he was an instigator 
of important movements and was instru- 
mental in securing the success of the local 
option bill for the state of Ohio. By his 
vote for this measure he subjected himself 
to the danger of being ostracised by his 
party. He was the chosen delegate from 
Ohio to the western council congress, which 
met in Kansas City. April 14. 1891. and 
was made chairman of the committee on or- 
ganization, composed of seven members, 
who had the power of appointing the speak- 



er of the house and Daniel R. Frances was 
•chosen. Durin;^- his legislative career Mr. 
Dill was chainnau of the agricultural com- 
mittee and served on other important com- 
mittees. He has been president of the ^chooI 
board of Bl0i;>ni township for se\eral \ears 
and for a period of six years was mayor 
of Lithopolis, his administration being prac- 
tical, progressive and business-like, and 
o-iving eminent satisfactic>n. 

In 1S58 Mr. Dill was united in marriage 
to Miss Marian, a daughter of Philemon and 
Jane (Needles) Harris. Their living chil- 
dren are: A\'illard, a resident of Lafayette, 
Indiana; Philemon C. of liarrisburg, Ohio; 
and Nellie, who is a teacher of Columbus. 
One daughter, Eravelda, died in 1877 at the 
age of eighteen years. Mrs. Dill is a repre- 
sentative of one of the oldest families of 

Fairfield county. George Needles came to 
Blotim township, this county, in. mi Dela- 
ware in tSo3, and the follo\\ing year made 
a permanent location. In 1806 he was the 
first tax payer of the county and the First 
IMcthi.ulist Episcc^pal church in the county 
was organized in his home. He took an act- 
ive interest in public progress and advance- 
ment and his efforts contributed in a large 
meas'jre to the general welfare. Both ^Ir. 
and Mrs. Dill hold membership in the ]\Ieth- 
odist Episcopal church and are people of 
the highest respectai^ility, their circle of 
friends being almost co-extensive with their 
circle of acquaintances. His entire freedom 
from ostentation or self-laudation lias made 
him one of the popular citizens of Fairfield 
county, with whose history he has iviw lieen 
long and prominently identified. 


Louis Rosey, a wholesale dealer in 
liquors at Lancaster, was born in the city of 
Boston, Alassachusetts. hi 1859. He was 
educated in Seyninur. Indiana, to which 
place he remrived with his parents, Abner 
and Bertha 1 Mode) Rosey. For a number 
of years his father was eiigaged in mer- 
chandising in Seymour, but later in life re- 
moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where he spent 
his remaining days, his death occurring in 
1890. His wife is still living in her sev- 
entv-first vear. In their familv were four 

sons: Louis, of tliis re\'iew ; Max, a whole- 
sale merchant; and Hy and Samuel. \sho 
are in business in Cincinnati and are pros- 
perous citi.7ens. 

After completing the high school course 
in Seymour, Indiana, Mr. Rosey, of this 
re\dew, entered upon his business career, 
being first employed in a dry goods and 
clothing store as a salesman. \\'hen his 
diligence and economy had brought to him 
sufficient capital he embarked in business on 
his own account, and in 1889 he came to 




T^iiicaster, wlicre lie began nierrhandising 
at No. 164 West ]\Iain street, making a spe- 
cialty of Kentucky rye whiskies, and also rye 
whisky manufactured in Pennsylvania. 

In ^Si^2 he married Miss Clara W'ernke. 
of Cincinnati, in which city she was born 
and reared. Her parents were natives of 
{."icrmanv and for many rears resided in 

Cincinnati. In his political \ iews ^^Ir. Ivisey 
is a i )eniocrat and is connected 
with the Independent Order of Od.l I'ellows 
and the Dene\<.lent and Protective Order of 
F.Iks, and the Rnyal .\rcannm. He has 
gained a wi(.le acquaintance in i^ancaster and 
in his business interests is meeting with 
much success. 


When the tocsin of war sounded it awak- 
•ened the patri'jtism of brave men throughout 
the north. They came from the work-shops, 
from the fields, they came from their of- 
tlces and C(_>unting rooms imbued with one 
desire — to preserve the Union at whatever 
personal sacrifice it might cost. \\'ashing- 
ton Magee was among the number wh'.> 
took his place beside the standard of the 
natirj!! and fought valiantly in its defense.. 
He is now living a retired life in the vil- 
lage of Oakland, Fairfield county, where he 
has long made his hume, respected by ail 
who know him. His birth occurred in Tarl- 
ton, Pickaway count}-, February 19, iSig, 
his jjarents being George W. and Catherine 
Magee. The father conducted a ta\-ern dur- 
ing the greater part of his -life. His death 
C)ccurred in Tarlton at the age nf sixty-two 
year-, while the nvnher of our subject passed 
away in Circleville, but was laid to rest by 
the side of her husband in the former place. 
She was the mnther of twelve children, four 
of whom are vet living. 

Washington Magee spent the da_\s of hii 
minority in the county of his nativity, and 
his educational privileges were those afford- 
ed by the common schools. His time was 
largely occupied in assisting his father, and 
when twenty-one \ears of age he removed 
to Circleville, where he remained for about 
three years, at the exijiratiivm of which periii;! 
he became a resident of Tarlton, InU after 
a short time took up his abode in C)akland, 
Clear Creek township, which has since been 
his place of residence. He is a mechanic 
and has followed mechanical pursuits dur- 
ing the greater part of his life. He learned 
both the's and harnessmaker's trade. 
His business career, however, was inter- 
ruptetl by his service as a defender of the 
Union. He enlisted on the 13th. of Feb- 
ruary, 1864, as a member of Company H, 
Fifty-second Ohio \'olunteers, with which 
he continued until the cessation f)f hostil- 
ities. At Camp Chase, near Cincinnati, lie 
received an lioiK-^rable discharge. At the 
close of the war he returned U> Oakland, 


and for a time lived on tlie farm. He now 
draws a pension of twenty-hve dollars per 
month of impaired health .jccasioned 
by his arm\' experience. 

ilr. Magee was miited in marriage to 
Pollv W.-Llters. ami unto them were horn 
four son^ and one daughter. \\'illiam H. 
has lieen a memlier of the standing arm}- 
since the age of sixteen years. Elmira is 
the ^vife oi Jacob Bender, of North Balti- 
more. Henry K. resides in Indiana. George 
makes his home in Chicago, Illinois. Xew- 
ton is deceased. l"he nvothcr of this fam- 
ily Avas called to her final rest and INIr. 
?vlag-ee afterward married Becky Westen- 
barger, by whom he had i:,ne child, John L., 
who is now in England. Following the 
death of the second wife Mr. ^lagec was 
married, in 1S70. to ]Mrs. Aquilla Westen- 
barger, whose maiden name was Aquilla 
Bentz. She was born in Maryland and is 
a daughter of Jacob and ^largaret (Horn- 
baker) Bentz. Her father was born in 
Maryland and was a wea\er by trade. He 
came to Ohio when }^Irs. Magee Avas about 
two years of age and settled with his family 
in Berne township, Fairtield county, where 

both he and his wife died, the former at the 
age of ?ixt}--rive years, the latter at tlie age 
of ninety years. ]\Irs. Magee was born 
about .\])ril 7, 1S29, in ^laryland, and after 
arriving at years of womanhood slie gave 
her hand in marriage in David Westenbar- 
ger, who was born August 27, 1S28. Their 
children were: r^iartha Jane; Samuel, de- 
ceased: Charles; Margaret E. ; David; and 
Henr}', who has also passed awaw Mr. 
W'estenbarger was liorn in Sugar Gnive, 
Fairfield county, and was a farmer by occu- 
pation. He enlistetl in Company I, of the 
Xinetieth Ohio Regiment, during the Civil 
war, and after serving for about six months 
died in Xashville, Tennessee. 

>dr. and Mrs. Magee now have a pleas- 
ant home in Oakland, where he has so long- 
resided tliat he is known to almost all of 
its citizens, and he also has a wide acquaint- 
ance throughout the county. He is now liv- 
ing in honorable retirement from labor at 
the ripe old age of eighty-three years, 
and he receives the veneration and re- 
spect which should ever be accorded one 
wdio has traveled thus far on the journey 
of life. 


In public othce ]M. C. ^^liller has won over his record there falls no shadow of 

high commendation by reason of his loyal wrong or suspicion of evil. He has alwavs 

service in behalf of the public. He was at resided in Fairfield count\-, and those who 

one time treasurer of Fairfield countv and have known him longest and best entertain 


for him tlie highest regard, shewing' that 
his hte histury is one whicli will bear closest 

:\Ir. Miller was Ijorn October 2, 1S41, 
on the old home farm in Berne township, 
five miles east of Lancaster. His father, 
Michael Miller, was a very prominent and 
influential citixen at an early date, widely 
known throughout the county by reason of 
his many excellent characteristics. He was 
also a self-made man and the success which 
he achieved came as the reward of his own 
labors. He was born in Rockingham coun- 
ty, \''irginia. in the year 1S13. and at an 
early date he was left an orphan. He ac- 
quired his ediication in the schools of the 
Old Dominion and when aliout t\\ enty-three 
years of age emigrated westw ard. casting in 
his lot among the pioneer settlers of Berne 
township, P'airneld county, Ohio, where he 
lived until called to his final rest at the age 
of seventy years. Farming was his life 
work, and through that industry he was en- 
abled to provide a comfortable home for 
himself and family. In 1S37 he was united 
in marriage to Miss ^lary Stoneburner, a 
native of Rockingham county, Virginia, and 
they became the parents of seven children: 
Ann Maria, now deceased; Elizabeth, who 
7narried J. B. Turner; M. C, the subject 
of this sketch"; John E., of the Lancaster 
Bank ; Abraham, who has also passed away ; 
David E., a resident of Illinois; and Frank 
P., residing in !Mechanicsville, Iowa. The 
fatlier of this family was a stanch advocate 
of the Den-iocracy. and for thirteen years he 
faithfully ser\ed as an infirmary director. 
At that time the salary was about eighteen 
dollars each vear, while now it reached into 

the hundreds, ^^fr. Miller was a menilici- nf 
the Menunnitc churcli ami frmn early youth 
mitil his death his life record was hon'>rable 
and straightfi>rward. All that he possessed 
came to him as the reward of his earnest 
and honoral.ilc \:C\w, and throughout Fair- 
tiekl criuniv he was hcM in high esteem. 

jM. C. ]\Iillcr, whose name introduces 
this record, is indebted to the di--trict school 
system fi')r the educational ])rivileges whicli 
he enjoyed, which, however, were SDmewhat 
limited. At that time goose quills were used 
for pens and the teacher was re(|uired to 
give instruction in but three branches 
known as the three Rs — readin', 'ritin' and 
'rithmetic. A\dien about twenty years of age 
he put aside his text-books and cuntinued 
to work upon the home farm until his mar- 
riage, ?iliss T-'mma Reed becor.iing his wife. 
She was a native of Lancaster and to then-, 
were born two chihlren : Stella, who mar- 
ried James .\. Berry, of Columbus, arul Rob- 
ert, who married Abbie Trout, daughter of 
H. G. Trout, of Lancaster, and makes his 
home in Lancaster. In August, 1S94. the 
mother of these children passed away, and 
in 1900 Mr. Miller was again married, his 
second union being with Charlotte Bowes, 
a native of Berne township. 

After his first marriage he purchased of 
his father a farm upon which he resided un- 
til 1880. In that year he was elected county 
treasurer and removed to Lancaster. So 
acceptably did he care for the county finances 
that he was re-elected for a second term. 
and when he retired from office he enjoyed 
the confidence and good will of all. His 
selection for the position was indicated by 
the largest majoritv ever given in that coun- 



ty. F-"arly in the '90s he l)uilt tlie liome in camHilate. At different times he has served 

which he now resides, fic has of recent as t'/'unship trnstce. and for a nuinher of 

years been engaged in the slock bnsiness, years was a member of the school Ijornxl. 

together with the superintendence of his Tlie qnahties which go to make up an up- 

farm, and in both branches of his enterprise right manhood are his, and tlirougli tlie past 

he is meeting- with prosperity. In politics decades of his residence in Fairfield county 

he is a stanch Democrat when state and na- he has enjoyed the friendship of those who 

tional issues are involved, but at local elec- have known him intimately, and the respect 

tions he reg-ards only the capability of the of all \\\i\\ whom he has been associated. 


Dentistry may be said to be almost 
unif[ue among otiier occupations, as it is at 
once a profession, a trade atid a business. 
Sucli being the case, it follows in order to 
attain the highest success in it one must be 
thoroughly conversant with the theory of 
the art, must be expert with the many tools 
and appliances incidental to the practice of 
modern dentistry, anrl must possess business 
qualifications adequate to dealing with the 
financial side of the profession. In these par- 
ticulars Dr. John J. Stnkey is well qualified. 
and therefore has attained prestige amrng 
the able representatives of dentistry in Ohio. 

The Doctor was born in Berne township, 
Fairfield county, September 9, 1868, and is 
a son of Jesse and Lucinda (Armstrong) 
Stukey. His mother was also born in this 
county, being a daughter of John Arm- 
strong, who resided in Baltimore, Ohio. 
The pare-its resided upi'U a farm and un- 
der the parental njof the Doctor was reared 

and early became familiar with all the duties 
and labors that fall to the lot of the agri- 
culturist. Tlirough the winter months h.e 
pursued his education in the district sclvjol, 
and later spent some time as a student 
in the Sugar Grove high school. After 
putting aside his text-books he began 
to learn the more difficult lessons in tlie 
schools of experience. His first position \\ as 
in the office of the county auditor. R. F. 
Brown, and afterward servetl as deputy 
auditor, acting in that capacity fnr three 
years. Subsequently he was emplo}eiI by 
Dr. E}-mn, a druggist, with whom he re- 
mained for two and one-half years, and on 
the e.xpiration of that period he became a 
student of dentistry in the Ohio University 
at Columbus, where he remained for three 
years, being graduated in 1896. 

Dr. Stukey th.en returned to Lancaster, 
where he opened an nffice supplying it with 
all the lattst and most approved appliances 



licloiiging- to the profession. Although he is 
a young- man his abihty does not seem to 
be hunted by his years, his excellent work- 
manship lias secured to him a very large and 
constantly growing patronage. In 1897 Dr. 
Stukcy was united in marriage to Miss Susie 
Miesse, a daughter of Xoah and Catheri;ie 
(SwartO ^liesse. of Cnlfax, Ohin. This 

union has been blessed with two children: 
Marsaletle Lucinda and Jnlm Ru-se!l. They 
have a pleasant Imuie in Lancaster ami cn- 
jiiy the liospitality of many of the leading: 
households here. The Doctor is identified 
with the Knights of Pythias fraternity, and 
in the line of his profession is connected 
with the Ohio Central Dental Societv. 


Christopher Clump, who carries on gen- 
eral farming on section 35, Pleasant town- 
ship, was born in Lancaster on the 17th of 
January, 1835. His father, Christopher 
Clump, was a nati\"e of Germany, born in 
the year 1798.- By trade he was a carpenter, 
and in his native land he was married. Sub- 
sequently he crossed the Atlantic to the 
United States, landing at Baltimore, Mary- 
land, where he remained for six months. 
During that time he learned of the oppor- 
tunities in the great west and also received 
information concerning the cheapness of 
land. This was the inducement whicli 
brought him to Ohio, and after a short resi- 
dence in Lancaster he became identified 
with agricultural interests of Marion town- 
ship, Hocking county, whe're he purchased 
fifty acres of land, to which he afterward 
added a small tract, making a nice farm of 
eighty acres. To the development and cul- 
tivation <->f his place he devoted his energies 
until his death, which occurred in 1845. I'"' 

his family were several children, three of 
whom are yet li\ing: John, a farmer of 
Hocking county, Ohio; Julia Ann, the wife 
of Joseph M'angold, of Columbus, Ohio; and 

Christopher Clump, of this review, is 
the youngest, and in his youth he attended 
the common schoril and at an early age he 
leariicd the carpenter's trade, whicli he con- 
tinued to follow until he had saved enough 
money \vith which to purchase eighty acres 
of land in Flocking county, Ohio. He had 
resiiled thereon only a year, however, when 
he had an opportunity to sell it at a good 
advance. He then came. to Fairfield coun- 
ty, taking up his abode in W'aliutt township, 
and resided there one }ear. at the end of 
which time he moved to Pleasant township, 
where he purchased his ]iresent farm of one 
hundred and fifieeti acres on section 35. 
The last carpenter vxork which he has done 
was the erection of his own fine home that 
stands as a monument to his skill, abilitv 

.qMU.D •.:.!^ ■; mVIHHD 



and enterprise. lie is a progressive and 
wide-awake farmer, practical in his methods 
and conducting liis business ati'airs so that 
he is annually adding to his income. 

Mr. Qump was married in 1SG2 to Mis'^ 
Mary Ruff, a daughter of Gotlieb Ruff", of 
I'airlicdd county, and sc\ en children were 
lx)rn of their luiinn : Amelia J.. \\\v:i resides 
at home: Edward, a farmer of Illiinjis; Ben- 
jamin G., who is engaged in farming near 
the old home farm, adjoining his father's ; 
Emanuel D., who assists his father in the 
management of the homestead; Clara C, 
who acts as her father's housekeeper; and 

Reuben W., who is also at home. The wife 
and mother died on the loth of August, 
1 898, in the faith uf the Lutheran church, 
of which she had long been a consistent 
member. ^Ir. Clump is also identified with 
the same denomination and his Hfe has ever 
been true to its teachings and its principles. 
Industry and integrity have ever been salient 
characteristics in his business career, and as 
the _\ ears have passed he has gained a com- 
fortable competence, which now supplies 
iiim with all the necessaries and many of the 
luxuries of hie and enables him to enjc-y a 
well-earned rest from labor's arduous cares. 


Among the capal>le physicians and sur- 
geons of Lancaster is Dr. Joseph P. Hersh- 
berger. Since pi<.;neer days the family name 
has been interwoven with the histor)- of 
Fairfield county. His father. Lewis Ilersh- 
berger, was born in W'urtemberg. Germany, 
on the 31SI of December, 1809. In his na- 
tive country he was educated and t»n emi- 
grating to the United States tcvjk up his 
abode in Berne township. Fairfield ccauity, 
Ohio, in the year 1830. Settling in the 
midst of the forest, he there hewed out a 
new farm, u^iow which he reared his family. 
Through the greater part of his active busi- 
ness life he remained a resident of Berne 
township. He was twice married, his first 
union being with Rachel Ream, of Fairfield 

county, a daughter of Jacob Ream, who was 
an early settler of this portion of the state, 
remo\ ing to Fairfield county from Lancas- 
ter, County. Pennsylvania.- ^Irs. Hersh- 
berger died in 1854 and the father of our 
subject afterward married Catlierine Stukey, 
a resident of Hocking township. By this 
union there w ere twc> children : Joseph P. 
and Angeline. The latter is tlie wife of 
Philip Crist, a farmer. Tlie father passed 
awa}- in September, 1887. 

Upon the old home farm Dr. Hersh- 
berger was born and there spent the first 
two years of his life. At that time his fa- 
ther retired from active labor and remove-! 
to Lancaster. Flere our subject spent his 
b-rwhood days, de\eloping a strc>ng manh<xid, 





wliich has carried him thiou,<::h many a 
virain in Uic years of active practice as a 
rcpresentati\'e of tlie medical fraternity. 
During tlie summer monllis he worked in 
tlie fields of his father's farm, which place 
is i:"w the property of the Doctor, and in 
tlie winter he attended the city schools of 
I^uicaster. When he put aside his text bcMjks 
to enter business life he accepted a position 
as superintendent for Martin & Ewing-, a 
coal firm, in the southern part of Perry 
county, where he remained for eight years, 
but the practice of medicine was attractive 
to him and he determined to devote his en- 
ergies to the alleviation of human suffer- 
ing. According!}- he began reading under 
the direction of Dr. Flowers, of Lancaster, 
and in March, 1881, he was graduated in 
the Hahnemann Medical College of Phila- 
delphia. Peuns_\-lvania. Upon his return to 
Lancaster, he opened an office and began 
practice, since which time he has devoted 
his entire attention to his professional du- 
ties, which have constar.tly increased as the 
years have i)assed. He was ( -ne r-f the orig- 
inal members of the Xatural Gas Company 
<and is a member and president of the Per- 

petual Building & Loan Association, which 
company was organized in 18S1. 

On the 17th of January, 1883, the Doc- 
tor was united in marriage to Miss Marv R. 
Donaldson, of Zancsville, Ohio, a daughter 
of Thomas and Adelia (Flowers) Donalrl- 
son. Three children have been born of this 
union, Carl. Joseph and Mary. Socially the 
Doctor is connected with the Lancaster 
Lodge, No. 57, F. & A. M. ; Lancaster Chap- 
ter, Xo. II, R. A. ;M. ; Lancaster Coinmnnd- 
ry, Xo. 2. K. T.; and Hock Hocking En- 
campment, Xo. 8. Alpine Lodge, Xo. 566, 
L O. O. F. Fie is also a member of the 
State Homeopathic Association and of the 
American Listitute of Homeopathy. There 
have been no exciting chapters in his ca- 
reer. His life has been devoted to the faith- 
ful performance of his professional duties 
and to the discharge of his duties of citizen- 
ship and of home life. There is in him. 
however, the weight of character and the 
strong iudi\-iduality \\h.ich commands re- 
spect. He has the regard of his professional 
brethren and of the public and well merits 
tlie success which has been accorded his ef- 


L'ntil 190J Abraham Hansberger was extensive landed interests and his propertv 

projjrietor of the largest genera! store in has ail lieeu acipiired since he entered upon 

this part r>f Ohio, conducting business in his business career and has come to him as 

Raliimore fi.r a long peri<:>d. He now has a direct result of capable management, keen 



discriniiiiatinii and uiinagging industry. He 
uas born in Amanda townsliip, this ccuii- 
tv. on tlic .^tli of December, 1S48, and is a 
son of Joel and Elizalietli 1 Lo<_iie) Hans- 
berger. His parents were both natives of 
Berks county, Pennsylvania, and aljout 1S45 
came to Fairfield county, Ohio, the fatlier 
purchasing a farm in Amanda tnwn^hip. 
upon which he lived until 1850, when he 
removed with his family to a farm alj'.iut 
le>ur and one-half miles west of Baltimore. 
There they remained until a few years prior 
to the death of Joel Hansberger, when they 
took up their abode in the village <if Balti- 
more. He had purchased one hundred and 
twcb/e acres of land, wliich w as largely ci->\'- 
ered with timber. Soon the woodman's ax 
awakened the echoes of the forest and tree 
after tree fell before his sturdy strokes. A.s 
the land was cleared he pldwe.l and planted 
it. placing it under a high state of cultiva- 
tion as the \ear3 passed. He was rjuite suc- 
cessful in his farming operati'ms and thus 
gained a comfortalde living for himself and 
family. Hoth he and his wife were members 
of the Evangelical church, and \\\ his polit- 
ical views he was a pronounced Republican. 
In the family were eleven children : Daniel, 
who is living in Gilumbus, Ohii: John, a 
resident rif \\'orthington, Minnesi'ia; Joel, 
wild makes his home in ]!a!timtire. Ohi'/; 
Eli, of Michigan; Jacob. \\\v was a si'Idier 
of the Civil war and died in the hospital in 
Washington. D. C. ; Abraham, of this re- 
view ; Thomas, of Michigan : Henry, who is 
living in ]\Iillersport. Fairfield county; 
Charles, of Columbus. Ohio; Mrs. Lanah 
Ault. of Tiffin. Ohio; and Mrs. .Mice Jrdm- 
son, of Baltimore. The mother of these 

chiUlren passed away, and the father after- 
ward married Elizabeth }ililk-r. by wlirini he 
had one child, who is now Mrs. Anna Kis- 
ler, a resident of Columbus, Ohio. Joel 
Flansberger died January 20, 1886. at Balti- 
more, and was laid to rest in the Basil cem- 
etery. He was an earnest, upright man, 
well liked by all who knew him. 

Abraham Hansberger sjient his life upon 
the old fann'ly homestead, and in the district 
schools of I^iberty township acc|uired his ed- 
ucation, although his pri\ileges in that di- 
rection were somewhat meager, for his 
services were needed in the work of the 
home farm. He assisted his father until he 
was twenty years of age. when in 1S6S he 
went to the northern part of the state of 
Ohio, locating in Fremont. In tliat locality 
he worked as a farm hand for a number of 
years and through industr}' and economy ac- 
cumulated sufficient capital so that on his re- 
turn to Baltimore in 1880 he was able to 
enter into business as a general merchant in 
partnership with his brother Charles. They 
began operations on a small scale, but grad- 
ually increased their stock in order to meet 
the growing demands of their trade, and 
after eight years Abraham Hansberger pur- 
chased his brother's interest, continuing the 
business until 1902. when he ?''!d out. He 
had a large department store, in which he 
carried a ^'ery complete stock, being one of 
the largest general stores of tiiis section t^l 
the state. His patronage came from fa"" 
and near and his careful control of his busi- 
ness and his reliable methofls lirought to him 
very gratifying prosperit}-. As the years 
])a5sedi he made extensixe and judicious in- 
\estments in real estate. He n(.>w owns 


considerable amount of property, incluvHng 
tliree hundred and twenty-six acres of land 
in South Dakota, a fme farm of three lum- 
dred acres near CoUiinbus, several lots and 
houses in the capital city and also residence 
property and vacant lots in Baltimore. 

Mr. Hansbcrger has been twice mar- 
ried. He first wedded Nettie Krinc, a na- 
tive of Michigan, who died a short time 
afterwards and was laid to rest in die family 
lot in the Basil cemetery. On the 5th of 
January, 1888, he ^vedded JNIiss Ida Bright, 
a daughter of Enoch Bright, of Baltimore. 

and unto them were born two children: 
Beulah and Dolly. Mr. and Mrs. Han^ber- 
gcr are members of the United Evangelical 
church of Baltimore, in which lie has served 
as steward for the past twenty years. In 
his political views he endorses Republican 
principles, but has never sought or desire.l 
office. Quiet and unassuming in manner, 
he is nevertheless held in the highest regard 
by all who know him, the esteem being 
probably all the greater by reason of the 
fact that he makes no demands for public 


At an early epoch in the pioneer history 
of Fairfield counD,;, the Stuckey family was 
established within its borders, and it was 
upon the old family honiostead that the sub- 
ject of this review was born in the year 
1826. The old huuse was erected by his 
grandfather, John Stuckey, in 1809. It was 
built of logs which had lieen hewed from 
four or five feet down to alM.ut seven inches. 
The old place is still stan.ling. but two ells 
have been added to it. It is one of the old 
land njarks which, tiu-ough almost a cen.- 
tury, has looked fi3rth u\Kn\ the surrounding 
country, witnessing the many changes whicn 
have occurred as this district \\~is merged 
from frontier conditions to take its place 
among the leading counties of the common- 
wealth. John Stuckey, the builder of this 
pioneer home, was a native of Switzerlan'I 

and on cr^issing the Atlantic to the ne\\ 
world, took up his abode at Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania where he reared his famdy. 
He afterward Ijrought his iouv sons with 
him to Fairfield county, settling in Berne 
township upon the farm which is nL^w the 
home of our subject. At that time he owned 
all of the land where the town oi Sugar 
Grove is now located, comprising about four 
or five acres. The fiats were at one time 
covered with sugar trees and thus the little 
town of Sugar Grove derived its name. The 
grandfather gave Uj each of his children one 
hundred and sixty acres of land and duis 
aided them in making a start in life. He 
was an active facti.>r in the early develop- 
ment i.i tlie county but died in the _\ear 

Joseph Stuckey, tlie father of cur subject, 



was liorn in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, aiv.l 
acquircil his early eilucation there. He after- 
ward acconipaniei,! his jjaraits on tiieir re- 
moval til Fairfield cemnty and assisted in 
the cnIti\atiL'n aral de\el(,>iiment (if the 
home farir.. lie was united in marriat^e to 
Miss Alaiy Iveam and to them were horr, 
eleven cliildren. of wliom one died in in- 
faiic}-. Mr. Stuckey w:ls h \er\- preeminent 
factor in public affairs and left the impress 
of his individuality upon the development 
and impro'icment of his county. For f(_'ur- 
teen years he served as associate judge crf 
the county court and his official career was 
blameless by reason of his ability and his 
marked loyalty to duty. He was a man of lit- 
erary tastes v.ho read broadl_\- and thought 
deeply. At one time he owned all of the 
land u];on which the t'-'Wn of Sugar Gr' >\ e 
was laid out. Both he and his wife were 
consistent and de\''Ait memiiers of the Re- 
formed ciuuch and for man_\' year-> h.e 
served a? one of its elders. Generous in 
his sup[)orL of the church, he did all in his 
power to pn.mote its growth and exten.d its 
influence and he builded the first h"use of 
worship in Sugar Gro\ e. When he was 
called to his tinal rest his cliildren gave 
three lots to the churcli in Sugar Grove as a 
memorial to their father. He passed away 
in 1858, respected by all who knew him. fur 
his worth was widely acknowledged and his 
efforts in hebialf of the county along material, 
social, intellectual and moral lines were very 

On the old family homestead Daniel 
Stuckey. of this re\'iew. spent his biivln-od 
days, experiencing many of the hard-hips of 
frontier life Init at the same time enjoving 

pleasures which are unlcnown at this period 
in the world's civilization. He pursued his 
ed.ucation in an old-time log school hc/use. 
Light was admitted irito the room through 
a long window of alvtut eighteen feet, made 
by leaving uut a log in one side of the build- 
ing and filling the aperture with glass. It 
was just above the desk which was formed 
of a slab all along one side of the room. 
There were slab benches, a punclieoii fl(>or 
and a huge fireplace, and methods of in- 
struction, were almost as primitive as the 
furnishings, l)ut experience, obser\-ation and 
reading have supplem.ented the early educa- 
tional privileges which Mr. Stuckev enjoved, 
making him a well informed man. Luring 
his youth his time was largely r^ccupied with 
the work of the farm., for he assisted his 
father in pl.nving, planting and harvesting. 

Li 1S5J; was celeljrated the marriage of 
i\Ir. Stuckey and iMiss Mary Ann Shai-p, a 
native of Eeine township, Fairfield county, 
and to them have been born seven children, 
six of whr>in are yet living: Fdward St. 
Clare and Joseph Albert, both residents of 
Columbus. Ohio: William, who is residing 
in i\It. Sterling and is emphiyed on the 
Baltimore v^- Ohio Railroad; Charles Daniel, 
also a resident of Columbus ; Robert Lee, 
who is living with his father: and Agnes, 
who married Genrge Flc:>wers and is residing 
near Lancaster. 

The family home is a valuable fann of 
two hundred and seventy-one acres and it are five gas wells which materially 
add to the income of the owner. iMr. 
Stuckey entered the last piece of property in 
Fairfield county which was obtained from 
the government. This was in i86v Tliere 


I 55 

is a stLiry c« 'nneclcd w ith the old farm to the 
effect tlmt abcut sixty-tlve years ago there 
was a hiiMen treasure dug up l>y a man of 
the name of White, wlio tlien secretly left 
the neighhorhoiid, never letting it be known 
just how much he had received. Another 
man of the name of Riser, who was one of 
the diggers on the farm at the time, told ?\Ir. 
Stuckey on his death bed that the hidden 
treasure had been discovered. The old hole 
which was being dug at the time is still there 
and is called Spiritual Plole. It was sunk to 
a depth of one hundred and sixty feet and 
required three months to dig it. Through- 
out his active business career Mr. Stuckcv 

iia> carrietl on agricidtural pursuits and his 
iaiir r- luU'c l)ri>ught to liim desirable suc- 
cess, SD that he is mnv the pcKse^-sor of a 
comfortable competence. In politics he is a 
]3emocrat, and is a member ol the Reformed 
church of Sugar Grove. His entire life has 
been passed in Fairlield county, so that his 
memory forms a comiecting link between 
the primitive past and the progressive pres- 
ent, lie has now passed the seventy-si.xth 
nu'lestone on life's journey and can look 
back over the years that have ptassed with- 
out regret and forward to the future with- 
out fear, for his life has ever been char- 
acterized by honorable dealings" with all. 


Through three generations the Huft'er 
family has been identified with agricultural 
interest.? of Fairfield county. Grandfather, 
father and son have been honored and re- 
spected farmers, whose labors have brought 
to them success and at the same time have 
contributed to the general prosperity of the 
county. Cornelius Huffer is now the owner 
of a very attractive and valuable farm, his 
being one of the model places in this por- 
tion of Ohio. He has made excellent im- 
provements there, and his home is a large 
frame residence, in the rear of which stand 
substantial barns and outbuildings, all sur- 
rounded by richly cultivated fields. He has 
one hundred and thirty-one and one-third 

acres of arable land, and, in connection with 
the production of the cereals best adapted 
to the soil and climate, he has extensively 
engaged in stock-raising. 

Mr. Huft'er was born in Amanda town- 
ship upon this place, his natal day being 
May S, 1837. His paternal grandfather, 
Isaac Huffer, came from Pennsylvania to 
Ohio when Fairfield county was situated 
upon the extreme borders of civilization, be- 
ing a frontier district. He took up his abode 
in Amanda township, where he purchased 
one hundred and sixty-tive acres of land in 
its primitive condition, the trees standing in 
their primeval strength of the years past. 
He not only placed his land under a high 



state of cultivation, but acUled to his ori(;inal 
purchase a tract of one hundred and thirty- 
three and one-third acres and still an.jther 
of one hundred and si.\t\ tive acres, his last 
possessions adjoining made him a weallhy 
farmer of the community. It was all cov- 
ered with, a dense growth of timber when 
it came into his possession, but wiih char- 
acteristic energy he began to clear it and 
soon the sound of the woodman's ax awak- 
ened the ev.d"ioes of the forest and the sun- 
light shrme upon open fields ready for cul- 
tivation. He fenced his place, erected good 
buildings, and in the course of time became 
the owner of a farm unsurpassed in im- 
provements in this portion of the state. Hi's 
home was there imtil his death, which oc- 
curred when he was about eighty years of 
age. His wife also passed away there after 
having survived him for several years. In 
the family were four children, but none are 
now living. 

Isaac Huffer, the father of our subject, 
was born upon the old home place in Aman- 
da township and became familiar with farm 
work under the direction of his father, and 
-continued the cultivation of the land after 
his father's death. He, too. prospered, 
owing to his perseverance, his energy, his 
honorable business methods and personal 
worth. He supported the Baptist church 
during the latter part of his life, dying in 
that faith about 1S60 when sixty-six }ears 
■of age. PL's wife bore the maiden name of 
Mary Wells and was born in Maryland, 
while her death occurred at the age of sev- 
-enty-seven }ears. She was a devoted moth- 
-er, a loving wife and a kind neighbor. She 
-enjoyeil to an unusual degree th.e love and 

friendship of thuse w ith wlK>m she was as- 
sociated. During the last nine years of her 
life she was afflicted with blindness, but she 
bore her suflering bravely and with Chris- 
tian fortitude. In their family were ten 
children, of whom Cornelius Huffer is the 
youngest and about the only survivor. 

The subject of this review^ has known 
no other home than that upon which he is 
living. It was his playground in boyhood, 
the place of his early efforts in business, 
and has continued to be the field of his 
labor through all the }-ears of his manhood. 
The large and attracti'/e residence which 
stands liere is a monument to his enterprise 
and progressive spirit, for it was erected bv 
him. He has also built other buildings, 
whic'.i have made his place one of the model 
farms '>i t!ie county. He thoroughly under- 
stands the best methods of producing crops 
and caring for stock, and in both branches 
of his business is meeting with creditable 

As a com]janion and helpmate for life's 
journey ]\Ir. Huffer clmse Emeliue Bell, 
their marriage occurring on the 14th of Xo- 
veml)er. 1872. The lady was born in .\man- 
da township, Fairfield county, and is the 
daughter of Charles Bell, a prominent farm- 
er of this locality, his home being near the 
Huffer farm. He was killed by a falling 
tree wdiile engaged in chopping in the 
woods. 'M'c. and Mrs. Huffer became the 
parents of nijie children, but the first born 
died unnamed. Xora E. is the wife of Harry 
Dorring, a resident farmer of Amanda 
township, and they have one child, Emor}- 
Cornelius. Emmet D. resides upon the 
home farm and assists his father in the cul- 


tivation oi the fields. Kirby P.. also works 
on the old hoino^tead. Mertie E. and \\"il- 
bcit P. are yet under the parental roof, and 
Clinton C. completes the family, the others 
ha\dng died in infancy. The Democratic 
party receixxs the unwavering support of 
IMr. Hufler, who always casts his ballot for 
its men and measures, but he has never 
sought or desired public office as a reward 

fur party fealty. He is one of the men who 
have helped to make and hold Pairlleld coun- 
ty to its present prosj)erous condition, and 
his life has been in harmony with the record 
of an honoraldc anxestry. His home is the 
visible evidence of his life of industry, and 
all who know him unite in speaking of 
him in terms of high praise and com- 


\\'illiam L. Conrad, one oi the old and 
respected citizens of Fairfield county, now 
residing in Clear Creek township, was born 
on tlie 15th of May, iSj'i, in the tc>wnship 
which is still his home. His paternal grand- 
father, Daniel Conrad, married Esther Ruth. 
He was born in Maryland and came to Ohio 
in 1S04, locating in Cle:ir Creek township 
when the work of progress and impravement 
had scarcely been begun in this county. Pie 
secured a large tract of government land, 
which he cleared of the forest trees, there 
making a home for himself and family. 
Throughout his remaining days he carried 
on agricultural pursuits and at the age of 
seventy-eight years his life's labors ended 
in death. He was a very prosperous and 
progressive man and his energy and indus- 
try enabled him to overcome all difficulties 
in his path, ti 1 endure the hardships of a 
pioneer life and to steadily work his way up- 
ward to success. 

John D. Conrad, the fatlier of cur sub- 

ject, was also b.^rn in ^laryland, and during 
the early days of his boyliood lie was brought 
by his parents to Ohio, his youth being 
passed upmi the farm his fatlier had entered 
from the go\ernment. Pie loo became a 
hard working and enterprising man and ac- 
cumulated considerable property. He held 
some of the minor offices of his towriship 
and ga\e his political support to the Repub- 
lican party, believing thoroughly in its prin- 
ciples. He held membership in the Luther- 
an church and his life was in consistent har- 
mo-ny with its teachings. When he had ar- 
rived at years of maturity he wedded Eliza- 
beth Lape. They became the parents of five 
chiMren: Hester, who died at the age of 
thirty years; Angeline, the wife of Ezra 
\"alentine, of ^iladison township; John. whi> 
died in 18^1-, at the age of tlurty-fi\-e : Llan- 
icl. \\hi> resides in Clear Creek township; 
and V\'illiam L., of this review. The father 
of tliis fa.mily died on the old homestead at 
the age of seventy-six years, while his wife 


passcfl away in 1804 <'t i'lc age of sixty- 
eight. They were respecteil l)y all who 
knew them and in a large measure enjoyed 
th.e friendship i>f tlnise -with whom they 
came in contact. 

\\'illiam L. Conrad, the eldest of their 
family, remained ii])Mn the Imnie farm until 
1S49. -^i^' 'i'^* engaged in general farming 
and stock-raising tiiroiighoiU the years of 
his manhood. His education was acquired 
in the puhlic schools, his lessons heing pur- 
sued in an old log school house, which he 
attended only through the winter months, 
for his labors were needed upon the home 
farm during the summer season. He early 
became familiar with the work of plowing, 
planting and harvesting, and after he had at- 
tained to man's estate he engaged in the 
operation of one hundred sixty-eight acres 
of land, his thorough understanding of 
farm work enabling him to annually, secure 
a good return for his labors. 

During the Civil war, however, Mr. Con- 
rad put aside the duties of field and meadow 
in order that he might aid his couritry, and 
on the 1st of May, 1S64. he enlisted in Com- 
pany I, One Hundred Fifty-ninth Ohio Vol- 
unteer Infantr)- for tliree months" ser\-ice. 
He was stationed at Baltimore. Mar\land 
and at the expiration of his term was dis- 
charged at Washington. He then returned 
to his home and family in Ohio. 

Mr. Conrad had been married in 1849 ^'^ 
Miss Lucinda Conrad, whose birth occurred 
in Clear Creek township, Fairfield county, 
a daughter of Daniel D. Conrad, who came 
to Ohio from Maryland when he ^vas four 
years of age and spent his remaining days 

in Clear Creek township. Thirteen years 
ago iiur sulijcct was called upon to mourn 
tlie loss of his wife, who died at the age of 
sixty years. She was a faithful member of 
the Presbyterian church and was nnst de- 
voted to her family, putting forth e\-ery ef- 
fort in her power to enhance the welfare 
and promote the happiness of her husl:>and 
and children. Unto Mr. and Mrs. C(Mirad 
were born three sons and a da^ighter. 
Sim.-.n. the eldest, resides upon the home 
farm, where our subject is now living. He 
wedded Mary P.n^iwn, who died in March, 
1901, leaving two children: Murray and 
Orrin. Xelson. a resident of Clear Creek 
township, married Emma Good. Wilson, 
who also carries on agricultural pursuits in 
Clear Creek townshij), married Catherine 
Oberderfer, by w-hom he has had two chil- 
dren : Alberta and Ross. Frances E., the 
only daughter of the family, is the wife of 
Thomas Roberts, a farmer and brick-mason 
of Clear Creek township, and they have five 
children ; Carl, James, ^lamie, Lotta and 

Mr. Conrad, since the organization of the 
party, has been a stanch Republican, firmly 
believing in the principles of the platform. 
He belongs to the Presbyterian church of 
Amanda and is identified with the Grand 
Army of the Republic. For seventy-five 
years he has been a witness of the growth 
and development of the state and has been 
particularly interested in the progress of the 
county of his nativity. He was at one time 
connected for twenty-two months with the 
Soldiers' Home at Sandusky, Ohio, filling 
the position of turnkey and having charge 

t'jVr. )\\A A 

i/^-ir.u-i v'';vJ.(i i>:ir 


of the main dininy room, but w ith t'ac e.xcf[i- 
tion of lliis period lie has always li\td in 
i'airfield (.■' um_\ and at pre-cnt ma.kcs his 
honii- will) Ills childriM in C'lcar Creek tr.\vr.- 
ship. nMU re-id ing- with liis elde.-t son. Si- 
mon. His memory forms a cunneeting link 
between the primitive past and the progress- 
ive present. He can remember when the 
greater part of the surface of this county 
was covered with a growth of wild timber. 

he has ^L■en it dexeloped to its present high 
state < \ cnltivati. n and has ever borne his 
[)art in transforming it into one of the rich- 
est fai-ming districts in the state. His life 
has ever been an active and useful one and 
he has tiia.t true worth of character, which 
in every land and clinie commands respect 
and confulenee. \\'ell does he deserve men- 
tion in this history, and with pleasure we 
vjresent liis record to cmr readers. 


An enumeration of the men of the pres- 
ent generatiun who ha\'e won honor and 
public recognition for themselves arid at the 
same time liave honored the state to which 
they bel'Mig would be incomplete were there 
a failure to make prominent reference to the 
one whose name initiates this review. 
Pie held distinctive precedence in medical 
circles and his prominence was knuwn as 
the result of professi'jnal skill and of a char- 
acter above reproach. 

Dr. Xourse was born in Sharpsburg. 
Washington county, Maryland, on the 30th 
of Xovember, 1827, his parents being 
Charles and Susan (Cameron) Xourse, who 
came to Fairfield county in 1841, settling in 
Rushville. The Doctor was tlien fourteen 
years of age. He soon afterward entered 
upon his business career as a salesman in 
the store of T. B. & Crawford Padden, 
dry goods merchants at Pleasantville. He 

was there employed for alx^nt twM years and 
at the age of sixteen began teaching, meet- 
ing with excellent success iov one so ymng. 
In 18.1,7 l""^ went to the state of Alabama 
wliere he continued his educational work 
for tw(.T \'ears and tlien entered upon the 
reading of medicine with a physician in that 
state, ftir he had becunie imbued with a 
strong desire to make its practice his life 
work. Accordingly in July, 1849, he en- 
tered the otlice of Dr. D. A. Fisher, of Balti- 
more, Ohio, with whom he continued his 
studies until 1S51. During tiTe winter 
months he attended medical lectures in the 
Cleveland ^Medical College and was grad- 
uated in that institution on the 26th of Feb- 
ruary. 1 85 1. 

Dr. Xourse then located in BaltiuK^re. 
Ohio, where he opened an office and began 
practice, sodu winning a liberal patronage as 
the the public recognized his skill in coping 



w'itli the intriL-atc ini jIjIlmus that C'liitinually 
meet the phy>ician. In 1859 lie roni'V'eil ti> 
Rush\ille, Ohio, and during- the winter uf 
1S0J-3 attended medical lectures in the Jcf- 
Icrson College at I'hiladelphia. Pennsyl- 
vania, being graduated in that institution 
with high Imnovs. lie then removed to 
Reynoldsl.turg, Ohio, where he remained .un- 
til 1877, the }ear of his arrival in Lancaster 
where he s])ent his lemaining days, continu- 
ing an acti\c practitioner of his profession 
in this city until his death. He kept in con- 
stant touch with theatlvanced thought and 
progress of the profession, and anything 
which tended to give to man the key to that 
mystery which we call life, elicited his warm 
interest. His i^rofessional duties made 
heavy demands upon his time, but he was 
never known to shirk a responsibility. 

On the 1st of 3.1ay, 1851, Dr. Xourse 
was nnited in marriage to }iliss Catherine 
M. Berry, of New Salem, Ohio, and unto 
them were born two children. Darlington 
B., the elder, is engaged in the dry-goods 
business at Canton, Ohio, and has three chil- 
dren : Catherine. Darlington and Joseph. 
The younger son, John H., is a member of 
the dry goods firm of H. E. Becker & Com- 
pany, of Lancaster, Ohio, and his children 
are Harry, Carl and Ralph. The mother of 
these children died, and on the 19th of Sep- 
tember, 1895, the Doctor again married, 
the second union being with Miss Emma 
Guseman, of Lancaster. Ohio, a daughter 
of Jacob and Catherine M. ( Pifer) Guse- 
man. Her father died in 1883 at the age of 
eighty-three years. The marriage of her 
parents was celebrated October 10. 1824, 
and in 1832 they took up their abode on 

West MuUjeri-y street, in Lancaster, wliere 
they s])cnt their remaining da_\s. Mr. Guse- 
man was bi-irn in INIartinsburg, West \'ir- 
ginia, and at a \ ery early date became a resi- 
dent i^f this city. He was a l)!acksmith by 
trade and a \ery thrjrongii and proficient 
wcjrkman. His life \\as u[)right and honor- 
able and he was highly respected by all who 
knew him, as a Christian man. He was 
strictly temperate in his habits and was a 
devoted member of the ^lethodist Episcopal 
church. His wife, who was born in Pitts- 
burg, Pennsylvania, December 18, 1801, 
was a daughter of Jacob Pifer and in 1806 
was brouglit to Fairlield county, her death 
occurring in Lancaster, August 5, 1900. 
when she was ninety-nine years of age. For 
more than ninet}--three years she was a resi- 
dent of this city and took a keen interest in 
its growth and progress as \vell as in its im- 
prox'ement. She too was a faithful member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church and her 
influence was ever on the side of the right, 
the true and the beautiful. By her marriage 
she became the mother of eleven children, 
of whom five are yet living, while three, 
Catherine, Philemon and Emma, are still in 
this city. P'.oth I\Ir. and Mrs. Guseman were 
laid to rest in the Ehnwood cemetery. The 
lady possessed a remarkable memory up to 
the time of her death, although she attained 
an extremely advanced age. 

Dr. Nourse lived an honorable, upright 
life in consistent harmony with the highest 
principles of manhood. He, too. was an 
earnest and active member of the [Methodist 
Episcopal church, his connection therewith 
covering about hft>--four years during wdiich 
time he held manv offices in the church. For 


a nunilier (.f yenrs lit was a Suruhiy-schnul 
siiperinleiulerit ami was oiie uf the innst 
ttiicicnl aiul host qiialilied men that has e\cr 
i'llled the piisitinn. Ho was a wortliy exemp- 
lar of Ch.arity Lodge X,.. 7. 1. O. O. F.. in 
which he ser\"eJ as chaplain and \\as also a 
inenil.ier of Phxk-Hocking Encampment of 
this city. At various times he represented 
both of these posts in the grand lodge and 
main encampment of the state, and always 
scr\-ed ujion their most imjjortant commit- 
tees. He was a member of the board of di- 
rectors of the city of Lancaster and took an 
active and helpful interest in e\xry measure 
that he l^clieved would prove of public bene- 
fit. He was also appointed attending phy- 
sician at the Children's Home and was act- 
ing in that capacity at the time of his death. 
He was likewise the resident trustee of the 

beneficial associati' in '<t the Indeiieudent 
Order of Odd Fellows nf Oliin. filling that 
IJiisition ti>r man}' }ears. At length death 
came, remo\ing from Lancaster one of its 
most honored and valued citizens. His 
funeral was the largest ever held here, and 
the cortagc that wended its way to the ceme- 
tery was headed by the Lancaster Mechan- 
ics' Band. ]Most of tlie members of Charity 
Lodge Xo. 7. L O. O. F., of Hock-Hocking 
Encampment and oi the Patriarchs I\Iili- 
tant were present with a large concourse of 
citizens from all parts of the county. He 
was laid to rest in I-'orest Rose cemetery 
amid the deepest regret of all who knew 
him. His professional life brought him into 
contact with all classes of people and he was 
loved and respected by young and old, rich 
and poor. 


David Musser is the oldest resident of 
]\ush Creek township and was born upon 
the farm where he yet resides, his birth ha\ - 
ing occurred in January, 1809. Through 
almost a century he has witnessed the ad- 
vancement which has been reached as man 
has claimed the .wild land for the use of him- 
self and those to follow him. He has alscj 
w itnessed the progress that has been secured 
along the various lines of progress; has 
seen the old stage coach replaced by the 
railroad, while the telephone and telegraph 

have brought man into close communica- 
tion with those li\-ing hundreds of miles 
away. Fairfield county has kept in touch 
with the progress and improvement and Mr. 
Musser has rejoiced in the advancement of 
this portion of the state. He is indeed an 
honored old settler and well does he deserve 
mention in the history of this locality. 

His father, Theobold ^[usser, was a na- 
ti\e of Germany, and with relatives came 10 
this country when but a small l>\v, taking 
up his aliode in Hagerstown, Maryland. 



There he lived t.T ahnut thirty _\ears, and 
in iSoi came t" 0\\\>\ ^eltliiiy uitliin it> 
bordeis beturc the achiiissiiin ipf the state 
into tlie L'nion. His father-in-kuv, Cliris- 
tiaii r.inkl}', had purchaserl three and enie- 
halt sections ol land at the usual govern- 
ment price, .and he gave three luindred and 
twenty acres to his daughter, Mrs. Musscr. 
Upon that tract she and her husband took 
up their abode, it being now the home farm 
of David Musser. All was timberland, tlic 
trees growing in great density in places so 
that it was almost impossible for the sun- 
light to penetrate to the ground beneath. 
Tbeobold Musscr built a Ir.g cabin in the 
wooids and cleared much of bis land, while 
his sou 13a vid cleared the remainder. Later 
he purchased an ailditioiial tract rif one hun- 
dred and sixty a.cres about one uiile north 
of the home of his son David. 

Tbeobold Musser was married in Mary- 
land to Miss Christina Binkly, a native of 
that state. They became the parents of 
eleven children, five sons and six daughters, 
but David Zinsser is the only one now liv- 
ing. These were ; Mary. Henry, Elizabeth, 
Jake, John, Catherine. Becky. Daniel, David, 
Sarah and Atiii. In addition to the cultiva- 
tion of his land :\Ir. ]^Iusscr followed the 
miller's trade. He was a millwright, hav- 
ing become familiar with the business when 
a boy, and he erected a great man\- mills 
during his lifetime. Upon his laud be built 
log buildings not only for the shelter of bis 
family, but also for the protection of the 
grain and stock, and as time passed he be- 
came the owner of what was considered a 
very excellent farm at that day. Politically 

he was identified \\ ith the ^^'hig party and 
\\as a member of the Ltitheran church. 

David Mu'^ser accjuired his early educa- 
tion in the di.-tricl schools of the township. 
The temple of learning was a little li'g build- 
ing ;ind he C(.)ntinued his studies for about 
two months each year, for during the re- 
mainder of the season his laliors were re- 
quired upon the home farm. His eilucation 
was considered complete when he was about 
sixteen or seventeen years of age, as far as 
attendance at school was concerned, and 
after that be gave liis undivided attention 
to the work of the farm. The arduous task 
of clearing and <leveloping the Avild land is 
familiar to him, for c^ut of his grandfather's 
rich purchase three farms were dc\"eToped 
and improved. He has never been away 
from the county but twice during his en- 
tire life, and during the period of his acti\ e 
Ijusiness career was continuously engage* 1 
in general farming and in the raising of 
cattle, sheep, hogs and horses. 

In 1836 David Musser was united in 
marriage to ^Miss Frances HutT, a native of 
Pike county, Ohio, and they became the par- 
ents of ten children, namely. Caroline, 
V,"il!ard, Edward, Jesse, David, Laura and 
Ferdinand (twins'), Jacob, Emma and Re- 
becca. Of this number five are yet living. 
Mr. Musser has gi\-en his political support 
to the Republican party since its organiza- 
tion, and prior to that time was identified 
with the Whig party. He has served as 
supervisor of his townshij) and was als'' 
school director for a number of years. He 
is a memljer of the Reformed church and is 
an honored representative of one of tb.e ijld- 




est pi'iiicei" t 


lies in 


slate. Tie i 

S t'l- 1 

day tlic.iKlc 

si 111 

laii in 

his 1 

township and 

one : 

of the r,l,k-1 

! in 

the e. 


V. His nu-i 

noi-y I 

goes liack t. 

1 the 

• time 


Ii people li\e 

'd in i 

liltle l<\g liu 


ig's. contai 

iniiiy; l)nt on 

two rooms. 


\ over 


, a loft in w 

hich : 

the childroti 

w Cl 

e pnt 

to s 

leeji. The si 

Srne- 1 

tiire was lit 


1 by an ii 

iiniense fircp 

lace. ] 

and tlie cim. 


;■ was 


e over a Ixm 

\ of ; 

coals there. 



e w 

as ]>rimiti\'e 


larm inipk-ir 


' were 


le. bnt lios[)ii 


reigned sniircme in those days, the latch 
string always being nut. The da}"s were 
days of toil, but there were social gather- 
ings and pleasures such as are unknriwn at 
the present lime. In the work of his farm 
Mr. Mus-er employs all the modern eipiip- 
ments and accessories, and as the years have 
passed he gained a comfortable competence 
so that in the evening of life he has been 
enabled to cnjov a well earned and well 
merited rest. 


Jesse Zinsser, the subject of this review, 
needs nr- iiurodnction to the readers of this 
vt:luire, f. >r the .Mus^er family is one widely 
known in this pr.rtiun of the slate. Our sub- 
ject wa- born upon the t-ld home farm in 
1844. his liirihplace being a typical log cabin 
such as was so frequently seen upon the 
frontier. I lis educatir>n was acquired in a 
school house of similar character. The chil- 
dren, seated on slab benches, conned their 
lessons from the little te.\t books then in 
vogue. In the work of the fields he bore his 
share, and when he had completed his school 
life he went immediately to the war, enlist- 
ing in Company F, One Hundred and Fifty- 
ninth Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, at 
Bremen, under Ca[itain Leslie. He then 
proceeded to Zanesville. Ohio, and thence ti^ 
Harper's Ferrv in the year TS04. He par- 
ticipated in the battle of Manassas Junctirin, 
but was o,n i>icket d.utv during the greater 

part of the time, and on the ex|i;ralioii of 
his three iri:inth.>' lerni of sersice was hon- 
orably dischaiged, in Augn-t, 1864. He 
was really exempt from military ser\ice be- 
cause of his youth, having not }"et attained 
his majo.rity. Imt his loyal and patrifAic 
spirit pr^'inpted his enlistment as a defender 
'of the I'nirm. 

After his retnrn from the war Jesse 
rvfusser entered the einpliiy < f his uncle, in 
Indianapolis. He desired, hrwever, t. > enlist 
again, and made his way to Columbus for 
that purpose, but on reaching that city he 
learned that CJeneral Lee had surrendered 
and that the war was practically ended. 
During the summer he c<'>ntinued t<") reside 
in Fairfield county, arid then returned to 
Indianap<">lis, where he remained for four 
years. On the expiratii:>n of that period he 
once mi 're took up his abode upon the farm 
where he ha^ since resided and is n-r>w ac- 



counted one of the practical, progressixe and 
enterprising agriculturists of this part of the 

In 1897 Mr. Zinsser was united in mar- 
riage to Mi'-s Ota Cuplin. a native of Fair- 
field count} , born alxiut two miles n'.'rth of 
Ivusln illc, and the\' now liave one child, 

George C. In his pt'lilical views Mr. 
Musser is a Re))ulilican, unfaltering in liis 
allegiance to the ]iarty. He is a member of 
the Reformed church and his wife of the 
Methodist Prote-tanl church, an.d he is 
identified with the Grand Army of the Re- 


K\-ery civilized country on the face of 
tlie globe has sent its represcntati\es Im 
America to aid in fornnilating the citizen- 
ship of the new world, hut the United States 
claims no more lci_\al, patriiitic and valued 
sons than those who came fr^jm Switzerland. 
The liege family, of wlnjm our subject is a 
representative, hail its origin in S\\itzer- 
land and some of the sterling trails of char- 
acter of that race are manifest in the life of 
him whose name introduces this review. The 
first of the name to come to America was 
Hans Ilege, who arrived September 2-. 
\'J2-, landing at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
He settletl in Germantown. where the fam- 
ily resided for a time and then located in 
Lancaster count}-, and since that time their 
descendants have been active factors in pro- 
moting public progress and improvement in 
every locality in which they have resided. 

William Hege. now a resident of Fair- 
field county, was born in Amanda township 
on the 25th of Septemlier, 1843. his parents 
being Peter and Mary (Updegraff) Hege. 

The father was a native of Pennsylvania, 
his birth ha\ing occurred in Oiambersburg. 
Franklin county, September 11, 1801. 
whence he came to Ohio in the year 1S25, 
being alxmt twenty-four years of age. He 
settled in Amanda township, where he pur- 
chased a tract of land of one liundred and 
sixty acres, and built thereon a hewed log- 
house, which was erected in 1826 and is still 
standing-, a mute reminder of pioneer days 
and indicates, by o.>ntrast. the progress and 
improvement made in this fair common- 
wealth. It is still used as a dwelling by some 
of his children. The land was all covered 
with, timber when it came into the possession 
of the father of our suljject. but with char- 
acteristic energy he liegan clearing and cul- 
tivating it and made a good home for him- 
self and family. Thereon he resided ur.til 
his death, which ix-curred in 1885, when he 
was eighty-four years of age. For a number 
of years he had held the office of township 
trustee and was often called upon tri fill 
other prisitions of public trust, to which he 



was most faithful, fully nicctiug- every ob- 
ligation that devohcd upon him with faitli- 
ful exactituflc. His political support was 
given the Deniix-rai-y muil 1856. when he 
joined the rauk^ of the Ivepublican party 
formed to prevent the further extension of 
slavery. He took a deep interest in piilitics 
and was un\\a\'ering- in liis alllegiance \o the 
cause which he espoused, but ditl not care 
for office. He was ever a public-spirited 
man and an ad\ocate of all that tended to 
improve the county along material, social, 
intellectual and moral lines. A gentleman of 
good education he kept well informed. niJt 
only on political qiicsli.jr.s but upon the cur- 
rent events of the tlay. and his opinions car- 
ried weight and inlluence. He held mem- 
bership with the Evangelical Association for 
a long peri'id. although in his younger days 
he was a member of the Lutheran church. 
In his business allairs he met with a fair de- 
gree of success and was held in the highest 
esteem by his fellow men l)ecau>e of his gen- 
uine worth and his fiilelity to manly prin- 
ciples. His wife survived him until 1S99. 
passing away at the extreme old age of nine- 
ty-six years. She too was a member of the 
Evangelical Association and lived an earnest 
Christian life, which had marked influence 
in molding the destinies of her children. 

Unto Mr. and ]\lrs. Hege were born 
eleven children: Samuel is a britlge buibler 
of Columbus, Indiana ; Louisa is the widow 
of ^^'ashington Burgett. and iio^v resities iti 
Indianapolis: Catherine is the widow of 
John Middlesworth. who was a prominent 
farmer and cattle raiser of Shelby county. 
Illinois; Mary is the wife of Jedeiliah Allen. 
of Shelhv countv, Illinois; Belinda is the 

widow of James McBride: Levi is a civil 
engineer and resides in Columbus. Indiana; 
Finos was a contractor and carpenter of In- 
dianapolis, bu.t is now deceased; Christian 
resides on the '.ild honic place ; ^^'illiam is 
next in order of liirth; I)a\"id died in in- 
fancy; and Marth;i Jane completes the 

At the u.^ual age William Plege entered 
the common schools near his home and mas- 
tered the branches of English learning 
usually taught in such institutions. He ac- 
quired a fair education, fitting him for life's 
practical and resp'insil'le duties. Thrcmgh 
the months of summer he assisted his father 
in the work ui the fields, being thus em- 
ployed until eighteen years of age, when in 
December, 1S61, roused by a spirit of pa- 
triotism, he offered his ser\-ices to the go\- 
ernnient, enlisting as a meml)er of Comjiany 
E. Seventy-third Ohio Infantry. He re- 
mained as one of the loyal defenders of the 
Union upon the southern battle-fields until 
Jul}'. 18133, when, hostilities having ceaseil. 
he was mustered out at Camp Dennison, 
Ohio and received an honorable discharge. 
He participated in nuun- important engage- 
ments, including the second battle of Bull 
Run and Chancellorsville and was on the 
marcli with Pope when the regiment was 
tuidc" fire continuously for se\enteen days. 
He als(j tLiok part in the memorable battle of 
Gett}-sliurg and in September, the same 
year, was transferred to Chattanooga. Ten- 
nessee, taking part in the engagement of 
Missionary Ridge after being sent to that 
section of the country. He was also \\\x\\ 
Sherman on his celebrated march ti.i the sea, 
which proved that the strength of the Con- 



federacy was alinnsi (.-xhau^lcd. Whcflici- 
on the picket line nf in the niii_lst of ijaitie, 
he was ever taithfnl to his (hity. was rehahle- 
atul loyaL 

When the war was enik-il 'My. ]Iege re- 
turneil t'j his ln.inic, Imt he only reinaineJ iox 
a few (lays, going- thence to Cnlunibus. In- 
diana, where he resided for t\\o and one- 
half years, din-iiig which time lie engaged 
in carpentering. He then retnrned to (jhi:; 
and has never since wandered fi-oni the hunie 
county, but has remained a valued and act- 
ive citi/en, fleeply interested in the welfare 
and ])rugress of the same. He now ow ns 
and operates eighty acres of kmd, and is alsj 
engaged to some extent in the raising cf 
stock. His business interests are carefully 
condn.cted and his farm is the \-isible e\i- 
dencc of his life of enterprise and diligence. 

On the 20tii of Septemlier, 1575, Mr. 
Hege was united in marriage to Miss Phaiie 
Kiger, a daughter of William and, }>Iar- 

garet l\iger, and a sister of George 
Kiger. Her father was one of the earl\- 
settler> ^f this county. 'J'hehome of Mr. 
and Mrs. Hege has been blessed with nne 
child, Annabel, who is still with her parents. 
Mr. Hege vutes with the Republican party 
and has firm faith in its princi[)!es. Socially 
he is ciiiinected witli the Indcpemlent Order 
of Od.d Fellows and with. Parsons Post, G. 
A. P., of Xebraska. Pickaway cmnty, Ohio, 
and his religirius faith is indicated by his 
nienibership in. the United E\-angclical 
church. He has held otilce as justice of the 
peace for three years, and his life has c\'er 
been such as to commend him to tlie esteem 
and regard, of all with whom he has been 
associated. His loyalty upon the snuthern 
battlerlelds was but an index of his char- 
acter, which has ever Ijeen aljove rejiroach. 
his life furnishing an example that is well 
worthy of emulation b)- all who desire to 
achieve success. 


Xo compendium such as the province of 
this work detines in its essential limitations 
will serve to otter fit memorial to tlie life and 
accomplishments of the honored subject of 
this sketch — a inan reinarkable in the breadth 
of his wisdom, in his indomitable persever- 
ance, his strc>ng indi\iduality, and yet one 
whose entire life has ni>t one esoteric phase, 
being an open scroll, inviting tlie closest 

scrutiny. True, his have been "massive 
deeds and great" in one sense, and yet his 
entire life accomplishment but represented 
the result of the fit utilization of the innate 
talent which was his, and the directing of 
his efforts in those lines where mature 
judgment and rare iliscrimiiration led the 
way. There was in him a weight of char- 
acter, a nati\'e sagacity, a far-seeing judg-- 

io:;".^'A \'':)\\\-\\ ':\;H^\t\ \\\k 

!,' J,. • ii .(vii 1 ,/t,ti...-, >fiij p, ,m/ii,v ,':l;:i!.i; ^ 
Jii-'i;;.; 'Vu ,"i ,■ lia- .■! 'Mil ■ -'n 

i .0 '/liiOl WOW 


I ' *i;. ^'^^ P*"V 

1 -IT' ^ 


1 '^ 








iiKiil anil a ii.leliiy cf puiii.isc that conitnaml- 
ci! respect of all. A man > <\ indctntig-able cn- 
rei-prisc and fenil'tv i^f resource, lie has 
carved h's name deeply on the record of the 
jKilitical, conin-:crcial and iJrMfcssiunal his- 
tory i>f the state, which nwes much of its 
ad.xaiicenient ti> cffi -rts. ^fr. Breshn 
was the youngest man who ever presided as 
speaker over the hc'usc of representatives of 
Ohi'*. Ag'ain and again his efforts aided in 
promoting; public polic\' and in establishing 
the career of his grand old commonwealth. 
He was the friend and associate of many 
of the distinguished men of Ohio wh.o gained 
nat'onal fame, and his life reci rd forms an 
iinixjrtant chapter in the annals of his state. 
Mr. Breslin was a native of Lebanon. 
Pennsylvania, his birth ha\ing there oc- 
curred about 1824. His father. Hugh Bres- 
lin. was a contract' ir and engaged in the 
construction (A public works in the city of 
Washington. D. C. I'oth the parents of our 
subject died when he was only about three 
years of age and he was adopted by a family 
<f the name of McKissen. Wdiile yet a 
small boy that family remmed to Ohio, lo- 
cating near Daytcm. and there 3.1r. Breslin 
reniained until he was about tv;elve }ears of 
age. when, feeling that he should provide 
fi r his own support he tied up a few of his 
effects in a big handkerchief and with his 
bundle started for Columbus. Oliio. There 
was a similarity in the history of this period 
"f hi^i life to that of Benjamin Franklin. 
I-ike the great statesman of the colonial 
period he too exercised a widely felt influ- 
ence in public affairs. On reaching Co- 
hnnbns he presented himself to Colonel Sam- 
viel Medan-, who was editor of the States- 

man, a pronounced Democratic pajier of the 
capital city. Colonel Mcdary haxdng l.ieeu at 
one time governor uf Minnesota. Tiie Col- 
c^nel was \ery much pleased with the appear- 
ance of the boy .and ga\-e him a position as 
an apprentice in the printing office. }dr. 
Ih-e-din clo.^el) aj-plied hinv^elf to the task of 
mastering the business in every department 
and detail, and while his days were devoted 
to work his evenings were largely given to 
study. For six years he remained in the 
ofi'ice. When he was eighleen years of age 
Colonel Medary received a letter from some 
of the leading citizens of Tiffin. Ohio, a-k- 
in.g him if he knew of a man suitable to be- 
come the editor of a Democratic news])aper 
in that city, and Colonel Medary recommend- 
ed John Breslin for the position. Accord- 
ingly he took the stage from Columbus for 
that place and on the 6th of May, 1S4J, 
published the first number of the Seneca 
Ad\ertiser. a j>aper which advocated the 
Jacksoiiian Demrcralic principles and is still 
in existence, ha\in.g- celebrated its sixtieth 
anniversary May ('\ Hj02. In its columns 
we fin'l a quo.tation from the edit.irial IMr. 
Breslin wrote, and which apjieared in its 
first issue. He said. "We will endeavor to 
maintain a courteous but decided opinion in 
regard to principles we intend to promul- 
gate.'" and much more abing tlie same line, 
show ing that e\'en in his }outh that idea of 
right was .strongly intrenched. Mr. Breslin 
remained its editor from 1842 until 1S54 
and was not long in becoming a recognized 
factor in iniblic affairs in that part of the 
state. 'Well fitted for leadership in public 
thouglit and action, he studied closely the 
rpiestioiis and issues r.f the day. not only 


along jKililical lines but concerning every 
department uf lite affecting tiie weal and 
welfare of the state and nation. In 1S4N 
he was elected to represent Seneca county 
in the Ohio legislature and served so capably 
that lie was re-elected. That he was one 
of the most popular and able members of the 
house is shcnvn by the fact that he was chos- 
en its speaker. It was an honor which has 
seldom beci\ conferred in ilie e'.'iire liistory 
of the nation, for he was onl_\- twenty-five 
years of age when chosen for that important 
position. Me showed a c •mprehensive knowl- 
.edge of parliamentar}- la\\'. and was strictly 
impartial and fair in his rulings, never al- 
lowing personal bias or opinions in any way 
to influence his actions or judgment as the 
ruling meml)er of the assembly. In 1S54 
he \\as elected state treasurer of Ohio for 
one term and liis fidelity to duty in his new 
position won for his additinnal laurels. 

It was while holding the position of state 
treasurer that Hon. ]c\m (i. Ereslin was 
united in marriage to Anna C. Brirland, a 
daughter of Charles and Cynthia (Hart) 
Borland. Her father was b'jrn in Harrison- 
burg, Rockingham county. \"irginia. ]\Iay 
16. iSoS, and in 1816 accompanied his par- 
ents to Franklin county, Ohio, where he at- 
tended school. He learned the printer's 
trade under the direction of Colonel 01m- 
stead, of Columbus, ami followed tliat busi- 
ness continuously in the capital city until 
1839, "^vhen he became the editor of the 
Richland Whig, at Mansfield. Ohio. While 
thus engaged in j<jurna!istic work he began 
the reading of law and later was admitted 
to the bar, whereupon he became an active 
practitioner. He won distiiiction owing to 

his strong mentality, his inductive mind, his 
logical reasoning an.d forceful argument. 
He possessed rare gifts of oratory and was 
witlely known as a most forceful, entertain- 
ing and effective speaker. He won many 
celebrated cases and his dc\'i-tion t«v Ids cli- 
ents' interests was proverbial. He was a 
man of marked literary tastes and sclic-larly 
attainments and iiis broad knowledge added 
to his oratorical ability enabled him to hold 
an audience spell-bound for hours and he 
probably ne\-er adrlressed any pul.>!ic gather- 
ing when many expressions of regret were 
not heard l)ecause he had concluded his re- 
marks. During the campaign he was a most 
convincing, eloquent and entertaining speak- 
er, anel his strong reasoning, his wit and his 
logic carried conviction to the minds of 
many of his hearers. For some years he 
practiced law at the Lancaster bar, but spent 
his last years in retirement, his death oc- 
curring on the 13th of January, 1S92, in 
the hiMiic of his daughter. Mrs. Breslin, who 
was then living on High street. In his fam- 
ily were five children who are still living, the 
second daughter, Sarah, making' her home 
with her sister, Mrs. Breslin. The others 
are Mrs. Xevin, of Dayton, Ohio: C. W., 
who is a civil engineer residing in Colum- 
bus: and \\'. S., a merchant of Cincinnati. 
He held tlie position of Indian agent under 
President Taylor, filling the position with 
marked distinction. 

Mrs. Breslin pursued her education in 
the private schools of Lancaster and at St. 
Mary's Convent, at Somerset, Ohio, and 
while visiting in Columbus she formed the 
acquaintance oi Mr. Breslin. who sougr.t 
her hand in marriage. In 1S71 they re- 



moved lo Huntington, West Virginia, where 
}.Ir. f'.rcslin acceptcil the position of p;eneral 
ticket agent for the Chesapeake & O!iio Rail- 
.way Company, servhig" ia that capacity un- 
til his death, and after locating there he was 
always known by the title of General Bres- 
lin. ]le was .prominently connected with 
several other railroad corporations and im- 
portant enterprises, and was equali}- suc- 
cessful in liusiness life as in p<_.'lill- 
cal circles. For a year and a half he 
residoil in Lancaster, and after his death 
his widow again took up her abode in the 
state of her nativity. }.Ir. Breslin was called 
to his final rest February 22. 1SS9. and his 
remain? were interred in Tiffin. Ohio. A 
train on the Chesapeake 6t Ohio Railway 
was trimmed in crepe and a special car car- 
ried his remains to Tiftin, where the funeral 
services were in charge of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, with which he had been connected. 
He was a friend of. the poor and needy; a 
man of broad, humanitarian principles and 
of keen outlook into life, its possibilities, its 
duties and its obligations. That he was a 
man of high character, superior worth and 

marked capability is shown by the fact that 
he was an intimate friend of Chief Justice 
Chase, Chief Justice Waite, Ex-President 
Hayes, Flon. Thomas Corwin, H<:ni. Thomas 
Ewing, Senator Sherman and other cele- 
brated men of Ohio, who have won national 
fame. In his private 'lite he was distin- 
guished by all tliat marks the true gentle- 
man. His was a noble character: one that 
subordinated iicrsonal ambition to public 
good and sought rather the benefit of others 
than the aggrandizement of self. Endowed 
bv nature with high intellectual qualities, 
to which were added the discipline and em- 
bellishments of culture, his was a larost at- 
tractive personality. In his life-time the peo- 
ple of his state, recognizing his merit, re- 
joiced in his advancement and in the honors 
to which he attained and since his death they 
have cherished his memory. 

Mrs. Breslin is now making her home 
in Lancaster, and occupies a beautiful resi- 
dence at No. 126 East Chestnut >treet. She 
is mr^st highlv esteemed by a large circle of 
friends, many of whom ha\e known her 
friim her childhood davs. 


Dr. Howard A. Brown has fur twent\ 
seven years engaged in the practice nf me'! 
cine in Carroll and throughout this peri.j 
has enjoyed the confidence and good will c 
the public and has received a lilieral patroi 

age in the line of his chosen vocation. He 
was born March 15, 1S54. in Sugar Gr<ive. 
Fairfield county, a son of Dr. Robert H. 
and Lucinda (Armstrong) Brown. The fa- 
ther was also a native of this state, ha\-ing 

>^va .A 

:■! .,) 

;-i;7, Al 

/!<l , ■: i> <!f!T "> avi; 

jnj :|.'U 



been horn in Perry CDunty, and was a pli\'- 
sician. In 18.17 ''^'""' I'-t'^ ^^^ aUendeJ lec- 
tures al wlial is now the Starliny Medical 
Collei:;e oi Culuniljus Imt at that time was 
called the Willoughby Medical College. For 
many )ears he engaged in practice at Sugar 
Grove with excellent success and there died 
in Xo\enil)er. j^fiO", at the age of f'jrty 
years, leaving a widow atid fi.iur chiKh'en. 
Emma J., the eldest, is the \vite of James II. 
Foster, a xeteran of the Ci\ i! war, wln.i liow. 
icsides in Sugar Grove. Robert F., a 
farmer, serve*! as auditor of Fairfield coun- 
ty and is now filling the jiosition of deputy 
auditor. Prudence A. is the wife of H. AF. 
Jackson of Lancaster. The fourth memlier 
of the family is the Doctor, whose name in- 
troduces this review. The mother (^f these 
children was a daughter of Jojm and Pru- 
dence iS\\"eeny) Armstrong-, the former a 
nati\'e i^i I'ennsylvania 'avA a son of Joh.i 
Armstrong-, w-hri came t'l this cnmtry fro.n 
England in colonial days. The Armstrong- 
family travre their ancestry back to the early 
wars of I^ngland. at which time the name 
was Fairchild. and according to tradition it 
was changed in the follow-ing manner. Dur- 
ing a battle the King became unhorsed and 
a Fairchild lifted him up and seated hiui on 
his own h':>r5e, for which ser\-ice the King- 
changed the name to .\rmstrong-. Little is 
known of Jolm Armstrong, the progenitor 
of the family in Anierica, that he set- 
tled in Pennsylvania. His son, John, Jr., 
w-as one of the "'forty-niners" who went to 
California during the gold excitement in 
that state. He made his home in Roseville. 
jMuskingum county, Oliio. wliere he engaged 
in the pottery business, and there died. It 

was in that county that his daughter. "NTrs. 
lirown, was lv.)rn. .Vfter the death of her 
first husband she became the w-ife of Jesse 
Stukey, a resident farmer of Sugru' Grove, 
and unto them was br>rn one .son, John J. 
Stukey, who is engaged in the practice of 
dentistry in Lancaster. 

At the usual age Dr. Brown, of this re- 
view, liegan his education in the district 
schools and after adiuiring a good knowl- 
edge of the literary branches of learning he 
began preparation fi-r the jjrofession which 
he wished to make his life work by enter- 
ing the office of Dr. D. X. Kinsman, of Co- 
lumbus, with whom he studied one vear. 
He then entered the Starling ^Medical Col- 
lege, where he completed a regular course 
and was graduated w-ith the degree of M. 
D. in 1875. During this (icriod he remained 
in the oiiice of Dr. Kinsman. For a few- 
months he engaged in jiractice at his old 
home and then came to Carroll, where he 
has successfully f(-illo\\ed Ins profession for 
twenty-se\en }-ears. He was not lon^- in 
demonstrating his ability to succes.sfully 
cope with disease and fron-i the beginning 
he has enjoyed a good practice, his skill and 
ability ranking liim among the foremost 
members of the profes.■^ion in tliis county. 
He not only has a liberal patronage in Car- 
roll but is frequently called to distant places 
throughout the state in consultaion over 
critical cases. 

On the i6th of December, 1875, Dr. 
Brown w-as united in marriage to Emma F., 
daughter of Ephraim Ackers. wh(T was 
elected to the position of auditor of Fairfield 
county but died before the expiration of his 
term of office. L"nto the Doctor and his 


wife !ia\e been l)om two sons but Rc'bert of his close adiierence to tlic strict pnifcs- 
11. (lic>l at the aj<e ^f ei^ht years. Arcl'ie simial ethics. His fellow townsmen cnter- 
.\ckcrs Brr.wn. brirn i^X'ceniber 31. 1877. '-" l''"" f'"' hini warm esteem and the circle of 
now beiny- carefully eilucale<l and it is h.jjic'l his friends is almost cucxtensivc with the 
that iic will eventually be the third Dr. circle of his acquaintances. The Doctor is 
J'.rown of l-'airfield courity. examiner for the followiuL;- life insurance 
Our subject has spent his entire life in. companies: Mutual Life of Xew "^'ork; 
this county and wherever he is known is Pennsylvania Mutual; John Hancock; Fi- 
likcii and is held in the liig-hest regard. dclity; Union Central and Modern Wood- 
Where he i^ best known as a physician he men. IJe was also representative to the 
sustains an enviable reputation not only be- grand lodges of Masons and Knights of 
cause of his comprehensive knowledge but Pythias of Ohio. 


Robinson P. Whiley is engaged in farm- prosperous from the beginning and the ef- 
ing and stuck raising in Fairfield count}', his forts of the father of our subject contrib- 
home being- in Lancaster. He was born in uted not a little to its result. He continued 
this city on the iSth of ]May, 1870. his par- his connecliou with the company until his 
ents being Thomas B. and Sarah Jane death, which occurred in 1S84. He was a 
(Peters) While}'. His father was a nati\e practic-ai lousiness man, an excellent tincm- 
of Lincolnshire, England. br>rn in 1S32. and cier and his well directed eti'orts were 
on emigrating to the L'nited States he en- cnnvneil with a high measure of success 
gaged in merchandising in Greenfield, which he justlv merited. His name was 
Ohio. Tn July, i86c>, he removed to Lan- s}'non\mous with integrity and he was re- 
caster, where with his brother Samuel spected for his strong f'jrce of character and 
Whiley he opened a hardware store. The genuine wcirth. He had a host of warm 
firm of Whiley Brothers continued in opera- friend'^ which was continually augn.ienteil 
tion for a number of years but at length the as the circle of his acquaintance was e.x- 
business was sold ami the brothers, Th'imas tend. Thomas B. Whiley was united in. 
B., Samuel, and Fretl C. ^^'hiley organized marriage to Miss Sarah Jane Peters of Fair- 
the Eagle Machine Company in 1S70, the field count}. The lady possessed mati}' 
last named becoming president, while Sam- womanl}' qualities. Her father, Robinsr>n 
uel was seeretarx'. The new enterprise was J. Peters, horn in Maryland in 1797, was 


ail early settler in Fairfiekl county an.l a 
nmcli respected citizen. He married !\li>s 
Elizalicth Gallagher in 18^3. and among 
their children ^vas Mrs. Wdiiley. ^vh^ still 
sur^-i\■es her husband and is living at the old 
lionie place. Ihe residence r- a suhstaniial 
brick on the Ri^)sebarik addition in 
the western part of Lancaster ai\d th.ere ami<l 
many friends Mrs. \\ hiley is spending- the 
cvenin^' of iilc. She was ijorn on .t farm in 
Amanda township, Fairfield county, pur- 
sued lier education in Gran\ille College. 
Granville. Ohio, and in early life engaged in lor a number of years. On the 
23rd of Fcbruar}-. 1869, she became the wife 
of Tliomas ]). \\ hiley, and is the mother of 
two sons: Thcmias B. and R')bins.:>n P. 

The latter ijcgan his education in the 
public scliools of Lancaster and afterward 
was graduated from the high schools. He 
was reared upon the home farm, where he 
was born and early trained to habits of in- 
dustry. He was only fourteen years of age 
at the time of his father's death but he at 
once began the work of managing tlie farm 
comprising sixty acres of choice land, be- 

ing assisted by his un'ther ;md brother and 
attemling school in the meantime. 

fie .--tit! ha>. charge of the home ])niperty', 
a part r,f which is within the corporate lim- 
its (.)f Lancaster. They i.>wn another farm 
of lur.idred acres which is pleasantly 
located a mile west of Lancaster. They are 
engaged in feeding hogs and cattle fur ex- 
port. I'heir jilaces are sui)plied with sub- 
stantial barns and sheds, feed I'lts, racks and 
air necessary equipments for carr\-ing- on 
the business. 

Robinson F. Whiley was married in 
1896 to Miss Anna D. Embich of Lancaster, 
a daughter of William C. Embich, one of 
the old and most liighly respected citizens 
who was lor a number of years during the 
early part of his life a leading slme mer- 
chant of this j)lace. The \'oung couple en.- 
joy the warm regard of many friends and 
the hospitality of a large number of Lan- 
caster's best homes is extended to them. 
;Mr. \\'hiley is a ]>rogressive, wide-awake 
young l)usinesj man and in his farming and 
and stock feeding enterprises is meeting 
with credita.ble and well merited success. 


This portion of Ohio is famous for the 
iine stock raised upon its farms and one of 
the well known dealers and breeders of flue 
horses is Zachary Taylor Sturgeon, of Lan- 
caster, whose business has been a profitable 
■one and whose sales have been extensive. 

He was born in this county in December, 
1S48, and represents one of the oldest and 
most honored pioneer families in this portion 
of the state, his father, Thomas Sturgeon, 
ha\'ing been born in the village of Lancas- 
ter on the 17th of October, 1S08. The 



grandfatlicr was Tiiimthy Sturc;er)n, wlio 
was a iiali\e of Lancaster ci^imt}", Pennsyl- 
vania. 1)1 irn aljiint 17S0. lie siient the years 
of Iiis cliiKlhrMid and youth in the state of 
liis nativity, ami in 1803 emigrated \\e>t- 
ward witli liis family, taking- up liis ah.ide 
in a little Ohio village, which has since lie- 
come th.e prosperous and thri\-ing county 
seat of Farifield county. Pioneer condi- 
tions sin"roinided him. A greater part of 
the land was still in possession of the .gw- 
ernment and was covered with tall forest 
trees. He aided in laying broad and deep 
the foundation for the present prosperity 
and development of the county, and the 
wi'irk which he began has since been carried 
on by those who bear his name. 

Amid the wild scenes of the fro'.itier 
Thomas Sturgeon was reared and man_\' 
business interests claimed his attention. At 
different times he was engaged in merchan- 
dising, in farming and in buying and sell- 
ing stiick and twice took a drove of hiirses 
over the plains to California in 1S56. lie 
also took a large number of men through to 
tiie gold tields of California. He was twice 
married, his first union being with Margaret 
Ewing. of Lancaster, and a daughter of 
David Ewing. By this marriage there were 
two children : Maria, the wife of Henry 
Weakly, of Lancaster; and Ellen, who be- 
came Mrs. Doty and died in Atlanta, 
Georgia, in February. 18S2. After the death 
of his first wife Mr. Sturgeon was again 
married, in 1845. l"*'^ second uni<:in being 
with Miss Matilda Peebles, of Lancaster, 
who was born in Cumberland county, Penn- 
sylvania, in April. 1S25. and is a daughter of 
Thomas and Jane (Kennedy) Peebles. She 

was in her eleventh _\ear when she came to 
Lancaster with her muther. who died here 
in i85'''i. L'nt'i Thomas and Matilda Stur- 
geon were born nine children, but Charlie, 
the eldest, died on the 17th of May, 1874. 
The others are Zachar}- T., nf this review; 
Margaret J., the wife of C. T. McCleary; 
Thomas, of Columl)us; Lilla, wdio ha.-, been 
twice married and is now the widow of Dr. 
Hare; ]\Lartha ;Mar\', who is the wife of 
Frank Smith, (if Taylor, Texas; Samuel, a 
farmer living in Lancaster; Rose, the wife 
of Rudolph Rising, a prominent clothing- 
merchant oi Lancaster; and IMaude, the wife 
of Edward H. Hall, \\\\o is a traveling- 
salesman. !Mrs. Sturgeon, her daughter, 
]\Irs. Hare ami her son, Zachary T., of this 
review, occupy the old family residence, 
w-hich is a large substantial one, built in 
iS.V'.. It is in a good state of preservation 
and 15 surrounded by a beautiful and well 
kept lawn. iMrs. Sturgeon is still a well 
l-;reser\ed woman in p<:)ssessi(^n of all her 
faculties, and enjoys the high regard of her 
man}- friends. 

In the public schools of Lancaster Z. T. 
Stiu'genn pursued his primary educatii:in, 
after which he went to Poughkeepsie. Xew 
York, where he tcxik a course at Eastnian 
Commercial College. After returning to 
Lancaster h.e was cininected with mercantile 
interests for sixteen years. Later he de- 
voted his time and attention to storing ice, 
which he retailed through summer months, 
being thus engaged until 1896, when he 
turned his attention to farming and to breed- 
ing and selling fine horses. He makes a 
specialt\- of trotters, which he develops for 
speed, and been the owner of some of 


tbe finest horses in Fairfield conn 
ing sold one, Walter Smith, for tlu 
fonrteen hnndred dollars. He als. 
half-brother of this horse, which i 

- bred stallions. Mr. Stnr.q-eon takes threat 

il jiride in n^ 4 only jirodncinq- fine horse.-, bnt 

in dc\el"])in,^- speed, and c;ni be seen tlri\-- 

e inq- behind some splendid specimens of the 

George AMlkes strain. Recently he has noble steed. Ide is regarded as a most e.v- 
erected a fine horse barn on the modern plan, cellent judge of horses and this is an im- 
He has some fine stock, including some high portant element in his success. 


John Fricker, whose lite span has cov- 
ered eigjity years, is one of the native sons 
of Fair.tield cotuit}', his memory forming a 
connecting link between the primiti\'e past 
and the jirogressix-e pre^en.t. lie lias 
watched with unabated interest ihe progress 
and de\"elopmeiit of the contit}- as it has 
emerged from pioneer conditions, taking r,ii 
all the iui]5rovcments and accessories of 
civilization as manifest in indu-trird. com- 
mercial and professional interests. He has 
been a worthy representati\e of a.gricnltural 
pursuits and is now entitled ti.i a well earned 

Mr. Fricker was born in the ti.iwnshijj 
of Berne, March 24. 182 J, and is a son of 
John and Margaret ( Xeibing ) Fricker. flis 
father was a native of Switzerland and 
crossed the Atlantic to the L'nited States 
early in the nineteenth centur\-. fie made 
his way at once to Ohio, locating in Fair- 
field county where he spent his remaining 
days, his death occurring in iS.;i, when he 
was nearly si.\ty-five years of age. He lived 

a \'ery industrious and energetic life, and be- 
came a prosperous and well-to-tlo man. In 
all of his dealings he was upright and hon- 
orable and he left to his family an untar- 
nished name as well as the material reward 
of his labors. Throughout his entire life he 
carried on general farming. He held mem- 
bership in the Reformed church, and its 
pri'.iciples permeated his actiiius. His v.ife 
was a native of Bavaria. They w-ere mar- 
ried in Fairfield county. Mrs. Fricker died 
in 1851, at the age of sixty-three vears. ,0f 
three children, the subject of this review is 
the only one now living. 

More than si.xty years have passed since 
John Friclcer located upon the farm, which 
is yet his home to make it his permanent 
abode. He resided in Berne township until 
he was eight years of age, when his parents 
removeil to-Hocking township, settling up(?n 
the farm which is now his property. In 
the common schools oj this locality he ac- 
quired his educatii.m, pursuing his studies 
through the winter months, while in the 


summer season iie aiilcd in t!ie work i.i_ 
plowing, pianling- ami liarvcsling. tie al> j 
engaged in teaching- school in Hocking 
township ill ea.rly lite, and is a man ot more 
than average iirtelligence and edncati^n. i5y 
reading, experience and (jhservation he lu'-; 
kept well informed on all questions ot gen- 
eral interest of the da_\- and is able to supj^n't 
his political views by intelligent argument. 
He voted with th.e Democracy until iS'jO. 
when lie joined the ranks of the Republican 
party and lias since been a stalwart advo'-ate 
of its principles. He has held the offices of 
school director and township trustee, dis- 
charging the duties of both otilces witli 
promptness and tldelity, }-et he has never 
been a politician in the sense of office seek- 

The year 1S43 witnessed tlie marriage 
of Mr. Fricker an.l Miss Isabelle Feiste. 
wdio was born in Baden, Germany, and when 
quite young came to the United States. Her 
death occurred May 9, 1S79, '^vhen she was 
in her tifty-seventh year, at the home resi- 
dence in Hocking township, and many 
friends mourned her Toss, fi^r she possessed 
excellent qualities of heart and mind that 

endeared her to all who knew her. By iier 
niairiage sh.e had become the mother of 
eleven children, of wli. an three are yet liv- 
ing. J.ihn S.. who i> a l;lacksniith and re- 
side, in i'leasantville, Fairfield county, mar- 
ried a Miss Bcwen and has eight children. 
Mary is the wife of Christ Kinsler, a resi- 
dent farmer of Hocking township, and they 
ha\e seven children. Flizabeth is the wife 
of Jacob T. Darling, who is living i.n a por- 
tion of the old home farm. They have four 
children, two sons and tw^i daughters. 

Mr. }'"ricker belongs to tlie German 
Lutheran church and his life has ever been 
passed in consistent harmony with its teach- 
ings and principles. His has indeed been an 
lionorable career in which he has fully met 
all the obligations of life and the dnt'cs de- 
volving upon him. In business he is 
straighforward and reliable, in citizenshi]) 
loyal, and at all times he has been a faithful 
friend and devoted husband and father. His 
years rest lightly upon him and his friend- 
ship is enjoyed by young and old, rich and 
poor, while throughout the community lie is 
held in the highest esteem by all with whom 
he has been brought in contact. 


John W. Reynolds, one of the early set- 
tlers and highly respected citizens of Fair- 
held county, now resides in Hocking town- 
ship. His birth occurred in Madison town- 
ship near Clearport on the 19th of October, 

1S35. He is a son of William and Mary- 
Ann (Hedges) Reynolds, and the family is 
an old and prominent one in this portion of 
the state. His father was born in Madison 
township and was a son of Richard Rey- 



nolds, wh'j^e birth occurred in llie ^tate of 
Delaware. At a very early epoch in the 
hi^^tory ct the ^tate of, h(>\vever. he 
emigrated w estward and look up his :dx)de 
in this oiinty. He died m early manhood, 
when his children were quite small. Will- 
iam Reynolds, the father of our sul>ject, was 
a witness of much of the impruvemeni and 
development of this jxirtion of tlie state. 
He visited Lancaster l>ef<;-re there was a 
railroad there or even a pike had been com- 
pleted in the county. Farming was his chief 
'Occupation through life, and he followed 
tiiat pursuit in Fairt'ield county for a num- 
ber of years and subse(iuently removed to 
Hocking township, where he made liis home 
until his death. There he also devoted his 
energies to the tilling of the soil, and his 
labors resulted in securing large crops. He 
died in 1S63 on the fifty-first anniversary- of 
his birth. His political support was given 
the Whig party in his early life, and on its 
dissolution he joined the ranks of the new 
Republican party, which he always endorsed 
by his balliit, but he nc\er sought piilitical 
oftice as a result for public fealty. His 
Christian faith was indicated by his member- 
ship in the Methodist church, and he took 
an active part in its work, earnestly striving 
to promote the cause of the denomination. 
His wife was born in Fairtield county and 
was a daughter of Caleb and Elizalieth 
Hedges. Her father was' one of die old and 
honored settlers in Fairfield county, and 
lived and died upon the family homestead. 
Mrs. Mary Ann Reynolds still sundves her 
husband, and is now residing with of 
her sons in Delaware countv. Ohio, at the 

age of eighty->even years. She has long 
been a devo'ut memlier <•! the Methodist 
cliurch and is beloved by all who kn.nv her 
for her many excellent qualities of heart and 
mind. By her marriage she became the 
mother of twelve children, si.\ of wImui are 
yet living. . 

John W. Reynolds, the eldest of the 
famil}-. remained in the place of his nati\-ity 
until abmit thirteen years of age, when he 
accompanied his parents on their removal 
to Flocking county, remaining with them un- 
til- he had attained the age of twenty-two. 
Three years later he was mairied, ami he 
was twenty-eight \ears of age when, in re- 
si)onse to the country's cal' f(->r aid to sup- 
press the rebellion, he enlisted May 4. 1S64, 
in Company I. One Hundred Fifty-first 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in which he served 
until August 28, 1S64. He was then dis- 
charged at Camp Chase. Coiunibu.>. and was 
appointed provost marshal, filling that [Xisi- 
tion until the close of the war. Wlien hos- 
tilities had cea^ed he was relie\'ed from his 
position through act of Congress ju^t after 
the surrender of General Lee. During the 
greater part of his services with the army he 
was in Washington, being there stationed at 
the time Early made his raid into the north. 
At one time he went to arrest a party of de- 
serters. ^ They resisted, and in the fight 
which followed Mr. Reynolds had his shoul- 
der dislocated, the bones of his right wrisc 
broken and his skull mashed. The attend- 
ing physician said he might live a irii;>nth. 
but not longer. Owing to his wonderful 
constitution he rapidly recovered, but to this 
dav he suffers from the eft'ects of the fight. 


?Vi( r to hi-^ eiiliitnicnt i;i tlio regular army. 
Mr. Rcviii Ms was a nieirler of the State 
Militia ainl after the (iitbrcak of war he 
was appLiiiUed enrulling- ofticer. but just as 
the apjMjintmcnt came he er/iisted and never 
served, hut held the titnce just the same, as 
auDther man ser\'cd in his ]>lace \\hile he 
was acting as marshal, .\fier liis final dis- 
charge he returned to Fairfield ciumty and 
has since been identified with its agricult- 
ural interests. Some lime after lie also 
erected the mill w iiich he has since cunduct- 
ed. It is a water i).nver mill, operated by 
the head waters of the Hocking river, the 
supply coming from springs in its immedi- 
ate vicinity. Mr. l\.eynolds is well known 
in connection with agricultural and intel- 
lectual interests, and in business circles. He 
sustains an unassailable reputation, fcir his 
actions ha\ e ever been guided by the strict- 
est business ethics. Before and after the 
war ]\Ir. Rcvnolds traveled all over Ohio, 
engaged in installing mill machinery and 
re[3airing steam engines, as he is one of the 
mi;st skilled mechanics in the state, but in 
recent years, owing to his piX)r eyesiglit. he 
has remained at home. 

In 1859 Mr. ReyuiMds led to the mar- 
riage altar Miss Maria E. Gaird, who was 
bfirn in Hocking count}', Ohio, and died 
about t\\ent_\--six \ears ago. She was the 
mother of nine children, all daughters : 
Sarah E. became the wife of Salem B. 
Pierce, a farmer of Ringgold, Ohio, by 
whom she has three children, Biirley, Ray 
and Dorcas. Mary Dorcas died at the age 
-' f thirteen years. Elizabeth is the wife of 
Richard Havden, of Richwood, Union coun- 

ty, Ohii:. where he is follrwing farming. 
They also have three children. \\"illiam. 
Pearl and Richard. Catherine is the v, ife 
of Peter Moycr, a rcsitlent farmer of Marina 
county, Ohio, and unto them ha\e lieen born 
three children : Bessie, Floyd and Zelda. 
Electa is at hnmc. Zelda is living in Co- 
hnnbus. Minnie is the wife of James Love, 
Cora marrieil Jasper Creiglon. of Lancas- 
ter. Alice is the wife of Samuel Pugli, of 
South Perry, Hi.cking county. Ohio. One 
child of this family died in infancy. 

After the death of his first wife Mr. 
Reynolds was again married, his second wife 
being Miss Xancy \^'indland, who was liorn 
in Monrr>e county. Ohio, and passeil awav 
about thirteen years ago. She was a de- 
voted and faithful member of the Christiar» 
church and her li>ss was mourned \v<\. only 
by her immediate famil_\- but bv many 
friends. She was the mr.ther of seven chil- 
dren : Thomas is a Ijlacksmith. engaged in 
business in Lanca^^ter, Ohio. He n.tarried 
Meda Howard and has one child. Elmer, 
whose home is in Buena \'ista, Hocking 
county, is married and has one child. George 
Elwood, a twin of Elmer, is at home. He 
was a soldier in the Spanish-American war, 
being- a member of Company I, Fourth Ohio 
\'olunteer Infantry. Miriam \'aughan, 
Marietta and Frank are still under the pa- 
rental roof, and an infant died unnamed. 

Mr. ReyU'^lds has figured in public af- 
fairs, having served as constable of H(x:k- 
ing township for some years. He V(:>tes with 
the Repubhcan party and keeps well in- 
formed on the issues of the day, so that he 
is enabled to supp'irt his position l)y intel- 


ligciit aryiimer.t. He was formerly a iiicni- 
ber of llic>t clmrcli. but is iil'W 
unidcntilltil with any rcbgil>^l^ deiir-mina- 
tioii. In matters of citizenship he is always 
loyal to what he believes is xipright and hesi- 
tates not in his support of any measure 
which he thinks will promote the weal of 

county, state or nation. Wherever known 
he is highly commended anil respected for 
his genuine worth. He is a man of pleas- 
ing disposition, courteous dep'irtment and 
genial temperament and his circle of friends 
is almost ci>extcnsive with his circle of ac- 


The 'J'eutonic race has ever been one of 
progress and its representatives have stead- 
ily followed the star of empire westward. 
It has been an important factor in the col- 
onization of America and in the labor which 
has wrought to the general good along in- 
dustrial and commercial lines. The repre- 
sentative of this mighty division of the 
world's people is George Matt, whose' name 
is so closely asociated with the varied busi- 
ness interests of Lancaster that no histon.- 
of the city would be complete with extended 
mention of his life record. Xo other man 
has contributed in a greater degree to the 
general prosperity that has been secured 
through the establishment and successful 
control of important business concerns. 

Mr. ^latt was born in Ravensburg in 
the kingdinn of W'urtemVierg. Germany. No- 
vember 6. 1842. and is a son of John and 
Maria (Leser) ^latt, the latter a daughter 
of Joseph and Anna Leser. who were resi- 
dents of the same city. In his native land 
he attended the public schools between the 

years 1S4S and 1S54. and in September of 
the latter }-ear he accompanied his parents 
on their voyage across the broad Atlantic, 
the family taking up their abode in Lan- 
caster. Ohio. For a limited period he at- 
tended the parochial school of St. Clary's 
church and afterward was a student in the 
private school taught by Professor Roscoe 
in Lancaster and also one taught b\- Pro- 
fessor Alartin Hill, in the rootu now known 
as the Mitoft Parlor, then in the Swan Ho- 
tel. Eighteen months covered his entire 
English school, but his knowledge has been 
greatly broadened through experience, ob- 
servation and reading. 

To give in detail a history of his business 
life would be to relate the story of the in- 
dustrial and commercial development of 
Lancaster, but it attords the historian pleas- 
ure to mention the many business enterprises 
which owe their development and success to 
him. It is true that the days liave not 
always been bright, that he has witnessed 
the approach of clouds threatening 

^■AO.A'A .\i:jv 

'iT/J' ■■OviOHO 

■euetb 'BiiitoUaiiiJ 



''■A J 





trous storms, but hU rich inlieiilance of 
j)luck and energy have cnahlcil liiin to turn 
(Ict'eat int(> success. Hi- principal lousiness 
interest at the [irescnt time is tliat oi fire 
insurance, tnr he is in contnil of tlie leachng 
agency of Lancaster, a position wliich has 
Iieen maintained liy him thrt ugh mruiy years, 
lie lias placed more jiremiums on the tax 
duplicate than all agencies put together and 
he represents the leading American and 
English companies. He is president of the 
Lancaster Gas Light & Coke Company. In 
1887 he became interested in the artificial 
gas plant in this city, in which he invested 
considerable money. Six months later nat- 
ural gas was discovered, making this ven- 
ture disastrous from a financial standpoint. 
th(.aig;h the company is still doing business 
in a modest way, awaiting for better results 
when the inevital)le exhaustion of the nat- 
ural gas supply shall come. Li 1S83 he 
l)ecame a member of the Lancaster City Hall 
& Opera House Company, now known as the 
Hotel 'Martin. This was a financial failure, 
although money was lost to none except the 
stockholders, who met all obligatu ns to the 
cent. The institution is now prospering and 
has become an important factor in Lancas- 
ter business circles. }vlr. INIatt is likewise 
presidetit of the Lancaster Electric Light 
Com] any. He was formerly vice-president 
i>f the Old German Building .Association 
and at the death of I'hilip Xester succeeded 
to the presidency. He was president of the 
^h.)unt Pleasant Savings & Building Com- 
pany from the time i-f its organization until 
the Ijusiness was cb'sed. each shareholder 
Ix'ing paid in full. Of the Citizens' Loan 
& Building Company he was the chief ex- 

ecutive from its organization until it closed 
its Ijusiness, in which also all shareholders 
were fully paid. On the organization of the 
Perpetual Sa\ings ,\: Building Company he 
became its president and as such continued 
to manage its affairs until August, 1901, 
when he resigned his office, leaving the com- 
pany in a most flourishing condition. He as- 
si-^ted in forming the Xew Plan Savings & 
Loan Company, of which lie i^ a director. 
His keen insight into business transactions, 
the rapidity with which he takes cognizance 
of a situation and brings therefrom the best 
results and his marked ability in utilizing 
seeming r>l)stacles to serve his purp^ se. have 
led to the prospeious conduct of many im- 
ix-irtant institutions. 

On the 6tl-i of .\pril, 1863, was celebrat- 
ed the marriage of ^Ir. ^^latt and Miss Hel- 
ena Hite, a rlaughter of Joseph and Mary 
(Buechler) Plite. of Lancaster. Their union 
has been blessed with six children : Frank, 
wiv: i-; in the insurance business: George L., 
who is a graduate of tlie electrical engineer- 
ing department of Armour Listitnte in Chi- 
cago. Illinois : Edv.ard, a twin brother of 
George L.. who attended St. Mary"s Listi- 
tnte at Dayton, Ohio, and is now secretary 
and general manager c>f the Lancaster Gas 
iS: Electric Light Company, while previous 
to the assumption of the duties of this of- 
fice he was superintendent (jf the Paducah 
Gas Light Company, of Paducah. Kentucky ; 
Harry B., who represents the farm depart- 
ment of the Home Lisurance Company and 
acts as his father's stenographer; and John 
and Helen, who are attending school. 

Mr. Matt is a man of recognized abil- 
ity, is public-spirited and progressive, and 



stan'.l^ higli in hotli business aiul social cir- 
cles. He takes a cjmniendable interest in 
proniiilin.L; the welfare of hi^ cit}', encourag- 
ing and financially aiding all enterprises 
tending to benefit tbe public, and enjoys in 
a high degree the cpnfiden.ce and esteem 
of his fellow men. In politics ~Sh. Matt 
lias always been a suj)porter of the men and 
measures of the Demi;,-cratic [tarty, and was 
elected trustee of tbe city water vvorks. 
si.x years the ^ame being owned by the city, 
and was the secretary three years of the 
time. For six years he was a member of 
the board of health of Lancaster and dur- 
ing a portiuu of that time acted as its sec- 
retary. He is a member of the Board of 
Trade and is its treasurer. In all public 
offices he ha- discharged his duties in such 
a prompt and capable manner that his course 
has won high encomiums from the people. 
For the past twenty-five years he has been 

a member of the board of trustees of St. 
Mary";, Catlmlic church and its secretary. 
He has been aiul now is an honorary mem- 
ber of the "i'oung IMcn's Institute, a Cath- 
olic organization. Si>cial. intellectual, ma- 
terial and mora! interests have received from 
him sub.-tantial supiMrt and co-operation, 
while his business affairs ha\'c been of such 
an imjK^rtant character that they have con- 
tributed not alone to his in.dividual suc- 
cess but have been a leading element in pro- 
moting the general prosperity and in ad- 
vancing the upbuilding of the city in wliich 
almost his entire life has been passed, his 
resolute character brooking no obstacles tliat 
could be overcome, and that determined and 
honorable position has been of the greatest 
benellt to the county and his name is en- 
rolled high among those whose lives have 
ever been along the lines of the greatest 


The life history of Franklin P. Stukey 
sets at naught the old adage that a prophet 
is never without honor save in his own 
country, for in the county of'his nativity the 
Doctor has won distinction, gradually ad- 
vancing to a prominent place among the 
representatives of the medical profession. 
H'e was born ui)on a fami in Fairfield coun- 
ty, February lo. 1S5.5. His, John 
Stukev, was a native of Pennsvlvania. bi rn 

in the year 1816, and there he spent his boy- 
hood days. In 182S he came to Fairlield 
coutny with his parents, Samuel and Mary 
(Freeman) Stukey. who settled upon a 
farm comprised of one hundred and se\en- 
teen acres. John Stukey became identilied 
with agricultural pursuits in this locality 
and for many years followed general fann- 
ing and stock raising. He was a pn-sperous 
citizen, a good neighlx'r, a faithful friend 



and wTiN lield in liigh esteem hy all who 
knew liim. Fi:>r t\\eiuy-<>ne year> he capaMy 
served as justice ni the peace, his fair and 
impartial decisii.ns "winiiinj^' him. giildeii 
opinions from all S(^rts of peo])le." Many 
cases were hrouglit hcfore him and his opin- 
ions were seldom reversed. In early life he 
engaged in teaching sch'ml and was closel}' 
associated with th.e develojiment and prog"- 
rcss of the comity in many ways. His jx^liti- 
ca! faith was that of tlie Democracy and he 
strongly emk'rsed the principles of the 
jiarty. He married Mary Ann Friesner. 
^vho was l.iorn in I-'airhel'l connty in 1821. 
on the farm which is kmvwn as the old 
homestead, and is still in possession of the 
Stnkey family. Her father. Andrew Fries- 
ner, was i^ne of the pii>neer settlers of Berne 
township. Unt(.> the jiarents of our suhject 
were hoxu h\e sons : Franklin P. ; Samuel 
A., wh.c> is a building contractor an<:l resides 
in Franklin canity, Ohio: George \\'.. who 
has made Alaska his home for the past fif- 
teen } ears and has large interests in three 
rich giild mines in that territory; Jesse M.. 
a practicing' physician of Lancaster: and 
John H.. a dentist of that city, both enjoy- 
ing lucrative practices. The father of this 
family was calleil to his tinal rest in 1896. 
at the age of eiglity years. 

Dr. Franklin P. Stnkey spent his boy- 
hoo<l days upon the home farm and in his 
youth attended the district schools, his study 
being alternated by the pleasure of the play- 
ground and the work '.f the fields, for at an 
early date he assisted in the development 
and cultivation of the home place. When 
only seventeen years of age he began teach- 
ing in the district schools and followed that 

profe~-;ioii through eigh.t winter tt^rms. He 
further ci'mtinued liis own education as a 
student in the National Xornial Sch'U.l at 
I.ebatK-n, Ohi'i. and when he ended his work 
as an instructor in the scli«.>olroom he to(^k 
ui> tlie studv .if medicine, reading under the 
direcli.ui .>f Dr. S. S. Scoville. of Leban^ni. 
He 'was afterward graduated in the Ken- 
tucky Sch^Bjl cf Medicine at Li>uis\illc, 
Kentucky, in 1881. and after his graduation 
he 1< cated in Lar.caster, vchere he engages 
in general jiractice. ScH_>n his business in- 
creased in \'olume and importance aiul ti> 
day he is accounted one of the'most success- 
ful ami capable I'hysicians of the city, but he 
has ni,t confined bis attention alone to his 
professional duties. His inventive turi\ of 
mind wirii for him the "Reward of Genius," 
a gold and silver medal of 1896. He is the 
inventor and patentee of several useful amJ 
novel rlevices, the latest of which is a frame 
to be used in operating and holding storm 
curtains on buggies and other vehicles, and 
he is now establishing a malleable iron plant 
in Lancaster f'-r the purjwse of manufactur- 
ing these flames and doing malleable work 
generally. This plant promises to be one of 
the uKTst valuable additions to the manu- 
facturing industries of the city. 

In 1882 occurreil the marriage of Dr. 
Stnkey and }»Iiss Mary E. Schwenke, of 
Sugar Gro\e. Ohio, a daughter of Henry 
Schwenke, a native of Germany and an early 
settler of Fairfiel'J canity. Unto*the Doc- 
ti r and his wife ha\e been born three chil- 
dren : Grace F\ylin, who died at the age of 
eight months; Frank H.; and RayuKJiid E. 
Fraternally Dr. Stukey is cc>nnected with the 
Modern W'oo.hnen of .\merica, the Era- 


ternal Mystic Circle and the American In- 

suraiK-e Uni^m. and politically he affiliates 

with the Democratic i)arty. hut has no tiine 

or desire to seek public oftice, preferring to 

give his attention to his business interests. 

In connection with his profession he most prehensive study and br.-ad reading and the 

creditably served one term as physician to accuracy with which he adapts his knowl- 

the Boys' Industrial School, and for the past edge have made him a verv successful and 

eight years has been physician to the Fair- prr:mincut plivsician of Fairfield countv. 

held County Infirmary. He has always been 
a close student, interesteil in the pn-fcssion 
not only because of his love for the science 
but because of his earnest desire to aid those 
who are suffering from disease. His com- 


As long av history records the deeds of 
valor and bravery enacted on the battlefields 
of the Civil war so long will the men who 
wore the blue in the defense of the Union 
lie honored for what they accomjjlished in 
behalf oi their country. \\"illiam H. Myers 
was one of the loyal sfms that Ohio sent to 
the front, and. although but a young man. 
he was luost true to his duty and most faith- 
ful in its discharge. 

A native of Rush Creek township. Fair- 
field county, he was born March 17. 1843. 
His father, Francis Myers, was a native of 
Gettysburg, Pennsyhania. where his liirth 
occurred in 1S16. When two years old he 
was brought to Fairfield- oumty. Ohio, by 
his parents, Francis and Catherine Myers, 
who settled in the vicinity i>f Bremen in 
18 1 8. The grandfather of our subject was 
a farmer by occupation and entered a tract 
of land from the government, becoming the 
owner of one hundred and sixty acres on 
section 2T, Rush Creek township. In addi- 

tion to other valuable traits, he was also 
familiar with the tanning business, and fi;r 
a numljer of years operated a tannery in 
Ivusli Creek tr>wnshi[j, in connect, on with 
agricultural pursuits. The leather which he 
made was of a superior quality and was in 
great demand to l)e used for half-si.leing 
and also manufacturing shoes. He was 
thus ck>sely asscciated with the business in- 
terests of the ojunty at an early day. His 
death occurred in 1S53, wbile his wife 
passed away in 1859. In their family were 
five sons and four daughters, namel}-: 
John: Michael: Joseph; Francis: Jacob; 
^fargaret: Elizal>eth. the wife of Joseph 
Snyder: Christina, the wife of John S. Sny- 
der; and Catherine, all of whom are now 

Francis Myers, the father of our subject, 
was reared amid pioneer conditions on the 
old home farm in this county and when he 
had attained to man's estate he sought as a 
companion and helpmate fc>r life's ji.airnev 



^liss Elizabeth Hutchinson. She was l>jni 
ill Rush Creek townsliip in i8_'0 and was a 
daughter of James and Marg-aret llutcliin- 
son, who removed from \'irginia to Ohio in 
1818. taking- up ihcir ah'xie near Salem and 
after a sliort time iMcating in Rusli Creek 
township, where the mother i.>f our subject 
was biirn. After liis marriage Francis 
M}-ers located upon a farm, where, in con- 
nectiMU with tlie culti\ation of the crops best 
adapted to tiie soil and climate, he also en- 
gaged in st'ick-raising. In politics he was 
an old-line ^^ big and later he became a 
Prohibitionist. He died on his eighty acre 
farm in October, 1896, having l'>r a uumlier 
of years survived his wife, who died in Sep- 
teml)er, 1S79. 

Their only child was \\"illiam H. Myers, 
of this review. He attended the village 
schools at I'remen. afterward continuing his 
studies in Rush Creek Academy and later 
in the Lancaster Normal School, where he 
prepared for teaching, being first employed 
in Bremen, wdiere he remained frir two 
terms. For eighteen years lie was identified 
with educational work, his labors in that 
direction being extraordinary tlirough their 
private influence. He spent five years as a 
teaclier in Bremen and the remainder of the 
time in Rush Creek township. \\"hen the 
country became involved in ci\'il war he 
felt that his first duty was to the Union and 
in iSCij enlisted in the Cnion army as a 
member of Company Yk Fifty-ninth Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry, under the command of 
Cai^tain Henr\- S. Abbot and Colonel L. J. 
Jackson. He had joined a three month'^" 
regiment, which was sent to \'irginia, serv- 
ing there for four month-. On the 30th of 

July, 180.], however, Mr. Myers re-enlisted, 
becoming a member uf Company T\ One 
Hundred and Eighty-seventh Ohio \'nlun- 
teer Infantry. In a skirmish at Resaca, 
Oeurgia, his command captured twenty-two 
hundred persons under General Wolford. 
1 hey were soon after paroled on account of 
tlie terminati.'U of the war. On the 9tli of 
February, 1S66, Mr. :Myers received an hon- 
orable discharge from arniv service and re- 
turned to his old li.jme on the farm in Rush 
Creek township. 

At about that tiine our subject was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary Cook, of 
Athens -county, who was bora in ^Morgan 
County, Ohi<j. They became the parents of 
two Sons, but one died in early childhood. 
The other, diaries E., has married Miss 
^lary M. Xisley. r.f Rush Creek townihip, 
and is a resident of this count_\-. The mother 
has also passed away. Mr. Myers, of this 
review, gives his pL-Iitical supfx^rt to the Re- 
publicans, ar.d is a member of Rushville 
Lodge, X(3. _Mi, F. & A. M. He likewise 
belongs to Joe T. Tolaiul Post, G. A. R., and 
to the Union X'eteran Union, and with his 
comrades takes delight in reccvunting the 
scenes and incidents of the late war. His 
eftorts in behalf of educational interests 
were of great value. He had the ability to 
impart clearly and concisely to others the 
knriwledge he had acquired, and inspired his 
pupils with liis own zeal and interest in the ' 
W'jrk. He tlid much to promote intellectual 
progress in. the ci nimunity and his worth 
was widel\- acknowledged in educational 
circles. At the present time he is living re- 
tired, enjoying a rest which he has richly 

■.\^\(Vj:\';v ^\■r^\w\w^^'()^^ sw^ 

>iij th 



Extensive agricultural an.l stc>ck railing- 
interests claim the attention of Andrew 
Jacksnn Zinsser, whose operations along this 
line have brought to him sjilendid success. 
tie has also been prominent in i)ul)lic af- 
fairs and at one time served as tlie treasurer 
of Fairfield county. He was Ixirn in Wal- 
nut township, this county, on the Jnd of 
July. 1832. and is of Swiss lineage. His 
paternal grandfather, John .Musser. was 
bom in the land of the Alps ami with his 
family crossed the broad Atlantic to America 
in 1794, establishing- his home in Somerset 
county. Pennsylvania, at which place his 
wife died. A few Aears afterward he re- 
moved from the Ke\-stone state to Fairfield 
county, Ohio, \\ here he arrixed in 1799. 
The trip was made ilown the Ohio rixer and 
up the Hocking- riser in a flat iKiat, in which 
was loaded all of the family belongings, the 
boat being pushed along by poles. Jcjhn 
Musser and his family took up their abijde 
in what is now known as Walnut township 
in the mid-t of a tract of den>e timber land. 
Indians were far more numerous in this re- 
gion than the white settlers and stalked 
through the forest engaged in hunting and 
in other pursuits common to the red race. 
Arriving at their destination. Mr. Musser 
erected a small liig cabin and with the aid of 
his sons at once began to clear and develop 
the little farm, purchasing a tract of ei.ghty 
acres. This he afterward sold and removed 
to Berne township, where he in.^proved a 
small tract of land, spending his remaining 
davs thereon. His entire life was devoted 

to ag-ricultural pursuits. In his familv were 
three sons and a daughter, namely : Henry, 
John. Ulric. and Catherine. 

L'iric Musser. the youngest son. was the 
father of our sul)jcct. He was born in 
Switzerland ami v,-as only seven years of 
age when the family emigrated to the new 
world. The greater part of his youth was 
passed in Walnut township, where he at- 
tcnderl the subscription schools, for at that 
time the public scb.ool systciii was not es- 
tablished. His educational privileges, how- 
ever, were limited to a few months attend- 
ance during the winter season for through- 
out the rei-nainder of the year his services 
were needed in the work of clearing the 
home and developing crops, which brought 
to the family a li\-elihood. When lie had at- 
tained to man's estate, he married Eliza- 
Ixnh Frye. who was b<irn in Rockingham 
county, \'irginia. in 1793. '^"'^ "^^"^s a little 
maiden of six summers when brought to 
Fairfield county b\- her parents who settled 
on the Hocking Flats, bordering the Hock- 
ing river, their home being in the neighbor- 
hood known as the Stukey settlement. 
Many were the hardships and privations 
endured by these pioneer farmers, far from 
civilization. Their homes were sniall and 
tliey had to de|x?nd upon what they could 
raise for a living. After their marriage 
U'ric Musser and his wife tor>k up their 
abode in Fairfield county, where he was act- 
ively engaged in clearing a farm, which he 
afterward sold preparatory to remo\-ing to 
Walnut township. In the latter localitv he 


took up his ali.:Hlc on the li'-u'der of Clear 
creek, wh.erc he impri.'ved and culti\'ated a 
farm until hi^ death, which occurred in 
185-'. His wife, whu survived him for a 
nunil>er of years, afterward married I'nnrad 
Ilitc. When the war of iSu was in nrug- 
ress Ulric 3.1usser joined the American 
forces under Captain Sanderson, the com- 
pany having l)cen raised in. Lancaster. He 
was a loval and \alued soMier, remaining 
witli his Company until his services were no 
longer needed. It v,as in 1S15 that lie mar- 
ried Miss Frye, and throughout his remain- 
ing davs he carried on general farming and 
stock-raising with gi-vxV success, so at the 
time of his death he ]i..s-.essed four hun- 
dred and twenty acres of rich land. Al- 
though his educational advantages were lim- 
ited, he possessed sound common sense, a 
strong- purpose and force of character, 
which enabled him to acquire a handsome 
competence and also to win the respect of 
his fellow men. In his political views he 
w-as a Jacksonian Democrat, and hi? re- 
ligious faith was that of the German Re- 
formed church. His wife, who long sur- 
vived him. reached the advanced age of 
ninetv-six years and died in 1889. By her 
first marriage she became the mother of 
seven children, namely: Henry, a pr.isper- 
ous farmer of this county. Daniel, who died 
in 1S97: Abraham, who is engaged in busi- 
ness in partnership with oiir subject: Sarah, 
the widow of Thomas B. Warner: Elizabeth, 
now Mrs. Gilmore: an<l Mrs. Lydia Ashley. 
All are yet residents of Fairfield county. 

Tn xetrospecting one can see Andrew J. 
Musser as a little farmer b^y making his 

wav from home in the m'>rning to the dis- 
trict icho.ils and returning in the evening. 
He also performed such a jxart of the farm 
work as his age and strength would [)ennit. 
He his father when he was 1 idy four- 
teen years of age and thus was early thrown 
on his own resources, so that he was vari- 
ously employed in any way which would 
yield him an honest living until he was 
twenty-one years of age. At that time he 
entered into partnership with his brother 
Abraham and they began dealing in horses, 
which they prepared for the market. Later 
thcv turned their attention to hogs and cat- 
tle and became breeders and feeders v\ both, 
feeding one hundred steers annually and a 
large numl>er of hogs. This business they 
condncted verv successfully from 1S51 until 
1001, with the exception of four years when 
Andrew ]. Musser tilled the othce of county 
treasurer. He was elected to that [)i'sition 
in 1803 anrl entered upon his duties m Sep- 
tember, iSy4. Chosen for the seco;ul term, 
he continued in office fmu" years, acquitting 
himself carefully as a trustworthy and reli- 
able (.official. On his retirement from office 
he resumed acti\'e business in connection 
with his brother in feeding and dealing in 
hogs and cattle. Together they carried on 
their extensive fami, comprising more than 
five hundred acres under a high state of cul- 
tivation. They alsi> have good dwellings, 
hams, sheds, feedyards and str>ck pens ; in 
fact, their farm is supplied with all modern 
facilities fi r carrying on their business, is 
equiijped with the latest improved ma- 
chinery and is justly accounted one of the 
best farm projierties of the community. Our 



subject also supcnntfiuls another lann ot 
one luindri'il aiul sixty acres in Rlij'.mi tOAvn- 
shi]). which belongs to liis wife. 

Mr. .\lu-ser has l)een t\\ ice married. He 
first weckleil Augusta Taylor, of Walnut 
township, a daughter of John and Catherine 
(Laiul>) Taylor. She died in 1S73. !ea\ing 
three children: Clny; Xellie, the wile of 
Charles Lamb; and Josei)h. w^w living in 
Montana. For his second wife }ilr. Musser 
chose Elizabeth Courtright, of Bloom town- 
ship, where she was born and reared, her 
parents being Zepheniah and Sarah (Will- 
iams) Courtright. Six children iiave been 
born to this union, of whom five are yet liv- 
ing, namely: Zepheniah, whr. is clerking 
for the natural gas l>oard of Lancaster; 
Ray and Andrew J., who are actively con- 
nected in farming pursuits and are now feed- 
ing hogs and cattle; and Roderick and Fan- 
nie, who are yet in school. 

Politically Mr. Musser has always afrlli- 
atcd with the Democracy, and is often seen 
in the councils of the party. He takes an 
active interest in local, county and state poli- 

tics but never to the neglect of his extensive 
business. He is prominent in Mascinr}-, lie- 
longing to r.aUini.M-e Fudge, F. & A. AL ; 
Chanter. Iv. A. M. : and Lancaster Com- 
mandery. K. T. Since 1894. -when he re- 
moved frr.m liis farm to Lancaster to enter 
upon the duties of the i.t^ice of county treas- 
urer, he has continued tn reside in the coun- 
ty seat and has a neat and comfortable home 
on Fast ]\[ain street. From the early age 
of fourteen ) ears A. J. IMu^ser has depended 
eniirel} uprm his own resources for ailvance- 
ment and- the success which is accorded his 
efforts is tlie merited reward of his labors. 
He has encountered obstacles and difficul- 
ties which would have utterly discouraged 
many men of less resolute spirit, but with 
determined purpose he has pushed forward, 
and his indefatigable industry and capable 
mai-.agement have enaliled him to become 
one of the su'jstantial citizens of Fairfield 
county, while his straightforward business 
methods have commended him to the con- 
fidence and good will of all with whom he 
comes in contact. 


Practical industry wisely and vigorously 
applied never fails of success: it carries a 
man onward and upward, brings out his in- 
dividual character and acts as a powerful 
stimulus to the efforts of others. The 
greatest results in life are usually attained 

by simple means and the exercise of the or- 
dinary qualities of common sense and per- 
se\-erance. The every-day life, with its 
cares, necessities and duties, att'ords ample 
opixirtiniities for acquiring experience of 
the best kind, and its most beaten paths pro- 


jVA ..Wr.iWVW 



vide a true wi-rker wiih alvandaut scope for 
effort aiul fur self-inipruvcniciit. It is along- 
sucli lines that Mr. .MacDoiirmq-h ha; won 
a place p'ru:i;inent in I usir.ess circles. 

Thomas J. .\[acDo)i..i!o-li is president of 
the cit\- co'.nicil as well as a recognip'cd fac- 
tor in industrial interests in Fairfield ciain- 
ty, and his life record cannot fail lo piuve 
of interest to many oi our readers. He 
.was born in Marietta, Ohio. June 18. 1856. 
His parents were Laurance and Ann 1 Stan- 
kard) MacDonough. The father was burn 
in county Galwa}-, Ireland, and there was 
married to Miss Stankard, whose birth also 
occurred in that locality. Believing that 
they might have better opportunities for ac- 
quiring a competence in the new Avorld, they 
sailed for the United States in 1S48 with 
their family, then numbering five children. 
Taking up their abode in ^Marietta, Ohio, 
the father became a contractor t>n the 
^leniphis & Cincimiati Railroad, which 
afterward became a part of the Baltimore 
& Ohici Railroad system. For a number of 
years ]Mr. INfacDonouglKwas thus engaged 
in contracting, constructing road beds. lay- 
ing ties and doing otlier such work neces- 
sary to the building of a road. After an 
active and useful business career he passed 
away in ;Marietta, in 1SS3, being survived 
by his wife for six years. 

In the schools of his native city Thoinas 
J. MacDonough pursued his early educa- 
tion and later attended a parochial school. 
On putti'ig risuk his text-books he began 
learning the more difficult lessons in the 
school of experience, his training being re- 
ceived at the carpenter's bench under the 
direction of his elder brother, Michael, in 

Marietta. When he had mastered the lni.->i- 
ness lie removed to Crawfurdsvillo. Indiana, 
where he fulluwed his trade f'^r two years 
in O'lmcctiun with what was called the 
Danville but is nuw the Panhandle Ivailroad. 
In 1 88 1 he came to Lancaster, where he en- 
tered the employ of the Iluckiug \'alley 
Railway as a bridge cai'penter, and soon 
afterward was promoted tu foreman, while 
later he Ixcame sn;)erintciident of the bridge 
deparUnent, having charge of this branch of 
work along their various lines. He thus 
engaged in the constructing of bridges, cul- 
verts, de[)Ots and other necessary buildings, 
having snper\ision of some two hundred 
and forty-eight miles and ten gangs of men 
and bridge builders, carpenters and stone 
masons. It is also a part of his dutv to 
supply engines for flag stations. His posi- 
tion is one rec^uiring nut only a cun\[>re- 
hensive knowledge of mechanical principles 
and practical skill along the various lines 
of construction, but is one involving great 
responsibility, for work which is not of a 
high grade might be very detrimental to the 
safe conduct of the trains over the lines, 
causing perhaps loss of life or property. Mr. 
!MacDonough, however, is thoroughly com- 
petent to discharge the onerous duties w hich 
devolve upon him. He is an expert me- 
chanic himself and is thus capable of ha\'ing 
charge of the work of the men and testing 
their efficiency, and his long ser\ice in the 
eiTiploy of the company, covering twenty- 
one consecutive years, is an indicati'in of 
the implicit trust and resp<3nsibility rep<ised 
in him. 

In 1885 Mr; MacDonough was united 
in marriage to Miss Gara Zink, a daughter 

y■v^ .\;-;')V 



of Sylvester and Mary ( Raser) Zink. of 
l..ancaster. Umri ciur snliject and lii? \vife 
have been born three cliildrcn, bill imly one 
is Hving. George llarnld. In his pr)!itical 
views y\r. MacDononyh is a stalwart Dem- 
ocrat and takes great interest in the snccess 
of his party, using liis inlluence anfl aid in 
belialf of its growth and progress. His fel- 
low townsmen, recognizing his worth and 
ability, have frequently called him to public 
office. In 1S96 be was chosen a representa- 
tive of the third ward in the city council, 
and so capal)ly did he serve that he has been 

three times elected to the jKisilion. acting as 
its president ci^utiiutously since 1896. He 
has also served as president of the city li- 
brar_\-, and his aid and co-L/i)eration are 
freely given to all measures fc^r the general 
g-ood. He has takei! an active jjart in vari- 
ous enterprises tlia.t have pPKinoted the 
material, siicial and intellectual upbuilding 
of his adopted city, and in the community 
where he has so lung resided he has won 
the onitidence and respect of liis fellow men 
and the warm friendship of many with 
whom he is associated. 


George E. Hoffman, now deceased, was 
for many }-ears a respected citi;:en of Fair- 
field comity and though he livetl a quiet and 
retiring life, he enjoyed in high measure the 
confidence and good will of many friends. 
He was l)orn in Franklin county. Pennsyl- 
vania, on the 29th of March, 18^5. His fa- 
ther, Jacob Hoft'man. was also a native oi 
Penns}l\-ania and removed to Ohio when 
his son was only four years of age, taking 
up his abode in Fairfield county. si_^ that our 
subject acquired his education in the com- 
mon schools of this portion of the state. He 
attended for about three months each }"ear 
— the winter seasons. The temple of learn- 
ing was a little log school house, lighted by 
a window as long as one side of the room, 
for it was made bv omitting one of the logs 

in building the structure. The floor was 
made of puncheon and slab benches wiihi^iu 
backs were used as seats for the children, 
the feet of the little ones lacking several 
inches of touching the floor. After the 
primiti\'e manner of the times George F. 
Holtman continued his education until about 
eighteen years of age. In the meantime he 
had become familiar with the various de- 
partments of farm work upon the old family 
homestead, situated about three miles west 
of l^ancaster. The place comprised one 
hundred and forty-eight acres of good land 
and there our subject remained with his fa- 
ther until his marriage, when he purchased 
the farm upon which his widow is still liv- 
ing and whicli was his home for a half a 
centurv. Within its boundaries are com- 

c\Ai'>yi\'A s\-:j\\ 

H'-ilOli .3 :iu9K)BD 

-itir,:> sTs nn.imw' 



prise'l (inc Inindre'.l and tliirty-sevcn acres 
of land, which ihr<>iu;h the pa^sint: year^ 
has responded to the cultixalion and im- 
provement of ^fr. Hoffman, wiiose cfl'Tis 
transformed it into a rich! y developed home- 

In 1850 occnrred the marriaye ol 
George E. Hoffman and Mi^s Marietta 
I'eters, a native of Fairheld connty. Ohio, 
and a dan.yhter of Wesley and Elizaheth 
(Ingman) Peters; the former a native <-if 
Maryland and the latter '..f \'irginia. In 
her parent's family were nine children: 
Samnel G.. deceased: Henry William, wli. 1 
is living- in Hocking township; ^Irs. Hoff- 
man; James, a resident f)f Berne township; 
IsabcUe. the wife of Thomas Strode, of 
Hocking township; Silas P.. who has passed 
away; Sophia, the wife of Henry Ewalt, of 
Kansas; John Wesley, living in Springfield; 
and Sarah Elizabeth, who became the wife 
of James Davidson, of Cliampaign. Illinois. 
Mrs. Hoftman was born November 2\. 
iSjc), and liy her marriage became the moth- 
er of ten children, as follows : William 
Henry, a resident of Eierne township : 

Cicorgc Milton, wdio died in Kansas: !Mary 
Ella, the wife of Henry Pearce. of \\;i-,h- 
ington G. 11.. Ohi,.; Jolm Wesley, who 
li\es in Lancaster; Laura I'dizabeth. who 
became the wife of Gluarles Emhich. of 
Berne to\,nship; Ida May. who has (Lparted 
this life; Gatherine. the wife of Will- 
iam Stiickey. of Mount Sterling, Ohio; 
Gran.t X.. a resident of Chicago; Fanny, 
who is at home with her mother; ancl Glark 
P., also ;it home. 

Our subject and his wife held member- 
ship in the Lutheran church and their Ghris- 
tian. belief permeated their daily conduct. 
In his ])olitical \-iews Mr. Hoffman was a 
stanch f^epublican and had hrm belief in 
the principles of the parly and the ultimate 
good thai would be attaincl througli the 
adoption cif these princi])les, but he ne\er 
sought i^r desired office and would never 
allow his name to be used in such a comicc- 
tion. He was of a retiring disposition, but 
his sterling worth was manifest in an up- 
right life, and wdien he was called to his 
final rest in 1900 many friends mourned 
his loss. 


John G. Ritchie is a prosperous farmer 
residing at Amanda. He was born in Llock- 
ing township, Fairfield county, March 22, 
i860, his parents lieing Greed and Sally 
(Schleich) Ritchie. The father was born 
in 1830 in this county; the mr)ther was a 

daughter of ■ John D. and Mary (Haider- 
man) Schleich. the former an old resident 
of Lancaster. Mr. Ritchie was for a num- 
ber of years employed l)y the Cincinnati & 
Muskingum ^'alley Railroad. ser\ing in 
\-arious departments, and at length was 


killed in a railruad acciilcnl at Imliaiiaivilis. 
Indiana, in 1S77, while acting- in the ca- 
pacity of yard master. The ni...ther nf cnr 
snbjerl ];as-ed away in 181 14. and tlieir 
daughter, Mary, ihe eldest of their tln'ec 
children, died in looi. Kate, the second 
daughter, is llic wife of C. E. Ijrenelle, of 
Marion, Indiana. 

John Creed Ritchie, whose name forms 
the caption of this review, was reared upon 
the home farm, and during' the winter 
months attended the district schools. At 
the time of early spring- planting he took 
his place in the fields and was thus largely 
emplo}Td until tlie crops were harvested in 
the autumn. lie is a half owner of a good 
farm of one hundred and ninety-seven acres 
in Hocking township. His attention is de- 
voted to the cultivation of the crops best 
adapted to the soil and climate and also to 
stCKrk-raising, in both departments of his 
business meeting with good success. He is 
accounted one of the thrifty and enterpris- 
ing agriculturists of his neighbrirhood. and 

whatiMxr he has achieved is the result of 
hi.- i>\\n ethn-tj and a >trict adherence to 
business principles, 

On the i8lh of April, 1891. ^^Ir. Ritchie 
was united in marriage to Miss Xellie 
Baugher, of Greenlield mwuship. Fairlicld 
county, a daughter of Samuel and Caniline 
(Fisher) Baugher, both of whom were na- 
ti\-es of Greenfield township. Tiie home of 
Mr. and ^Jrs. Ritchie has been blessed with 
the presence of a son and daughter, Edgar 
and IMildred. Tlie parents hold membership 
in the First Presbyterian churcli of Aman- 
da, and in iqoi ]Mr. Ritchie built a fine 
residence which he and his familv occupy, 
his farm being situated a few nnles south 
of the village. The occujiation to which he 
was reared he has made his life work, hav- 
ing no desire to change his pursuit, for he 
has found that success may be attained 
along that line. His work also leaves him 
ample time to faith full\- perform the duties 
of citizenship and to enjoy the pleasures of 
the home. 


George Xichols is actively identified 
with industrial interests of Fairfield coim- 
ty, being a well known carriage and wagon 
manufacturer, whcise home is on section 34, 
Pleasant township, near Lancaster. Fie was 
born on the ist of Ma}', 1S3J, in Berne 
township, this county. Flis father. 
Nichols, was a native of Cumberland. }>Iarv- 

land. Ijorii August S, 1783. The grandfa- 
tlier of our subject was a planter, and w hen 
John Xichols attained his majority he in- 
herited a large estate. Later both he and 
his father sold their real estate in the south 
and removed to Ohio in 1S04. settling in 
Fairiicld coimty. where he remained until 
his death, which occurred on the 19th of 


fl f! ,};l:: ••■ 

, ,1 "-. i i;! 

.r.' 'ii. ' |■''■^l'^■ 
■■': .r,'.'] 

.:oi{r.]/. ^iDMCHO 



]X'Ccml)ei-, 1867. His fathc-r lumtea and 
traiii>c'd and also dcall with the Indian--, lic- 
inj; ahle ti.> talk with them in their 'jun lan- 
pnayc. The grandfather of ^nw -uhject also 
en-aged in hun.ting and trapping, tradiiig 
in tnrs to a considcrahle extent at an e;M-ly 
(lav. Later hi> attention was gi\en to ag- 
rienltural pursuits. Through sonic unfor- 
tunate speeulation he lost ni. ist of the iVir- 
tune which he had hn.ught with hint from 
?iJaryland. He was united in marriage to 
Catherine Keys and they hecame the parents 
of two sons : Menr}- was killed hy the ears ; 
a!id John liecame a w ealthy farmer and died 
in Lake county., Luliana. at the age of 
eighty-three years. F,>r his second wife the 
father choose ^lary Lantz, who was born in 
Lancaster county, rennsylvania, and of thi> 
luiion there were born eleven children, nine 
sons and two tlatighters, seven of whom are 
yd li\ing. Airs. Xichois was a daughter 
of .Martin Lantz. wdio came from Lancaster, 
Pennsyhania. ami ]nircha-ed a large tract 
of land in Pleasant township, near tlie city 
of Lancaster, Ohio. There he establisherl 
the first tannery of the cotinty and for 
many years he ccmtinued its operation, con- 
trolling the largest business of the kind in 
this portion of the state. 

George Xichois, \\hi;)se name introduces 
this rec'ird. was the seventh son. He left 
the home farm in order to learn a trade and 
chose that of carriage and wagon making. 
He hecame a thorough and expert workman, 
mastering the business in the blacksmithing. 
W'ood w-orking and trimming departments. 
Having Some capita', he determined to en- 
gage in business for himself, but wished 
first to th(jroughly understand the {lursuit 

which wemld occupy his attention, as he 
realized that a th' -rough knowledge of tlie 
work would jjrove the foundation .>f his 
>uccess. ^\"lle!l his apprentice-hi]> was ended 
he returned to Fairlield count) , embarked in 
liusip.ess on his own accoinit and has since 
been very successful. His patrijnage in- 
creased from tlK- l.ieginning and at times 
he em])loyed from seven to ten men in hi> 
shops. His books sIkav that he has manu- 
facture<l o\er eight hundred wagons and 
more than one thousand carriages and bug- 
gies of various descriptions, l.icsides doing 
a large amount of repair work. He estab- 
lished his business at his present location 
on January 3, J 855, and is probably the- 
largest carriage and wagon manufacturer 
of Fairtield county. 

Li 184S ?^Ir. Xichois was united in mar- 
riage to 3iLary Ramsey, a daughter of Rob- 
ert Ramse}-, who was e.\tensi\-ely engaged 
in the teaming Intsiness in Groveport. Ohio. 
Four have been born unto our sub- 
ject and liis wife. Fdward is deceased. 
John \\'. resides at home, manages the farm 
and deals in horses. Like his father, he 
possesses considerable mechanical ability,, 
is one of the expert horseshoers of the coun-- 
ty and is master of all the branches of wagon 
and carriage manufacturing. Cora Alice is 
the wife of Perry \'orys. a cF-thing mer- 
chant of Lancaster. Clara E. is the wife of 
Edward M. Gillett. the superintendent of 
th.e Children's Home of Fairfield county. 
Mr. and Airs. X'ichols are supporters of the 
Albright church and through the long years 
of their residence in this portion of the state 
they have been highly regarded for the pos- 
session of those qualities which in every land' 
and clime demand respect. 




Tlic lan.led possessii.iis of Xmlrew W. 
Siiaw ayi^re^-atc three luin(lre<l and sixty- 
one acres. .At nut time he cjwned in addi- 
tion to this a vahiahle tract i;)t h\e luuKlred 
acres and all was acqnired through his own 
laijors. ]de started out on a business career 
Avith no capital save a str(.ing heart and will- 
ing liands, hut his deterniinatiiin enahled 
him til o\ercome dil'hculties and obstacles 
-while indefatigable energy proved the nteans 
of britiging to hint a creditable success which 
he is now enjoying and which is evi'leuced 
by his splendidly de\eloped farm. Mr. 
Shaw was born in Rush Creek township, 
Fairfield cmnty. on the farm which is yet 
liis h'.ime. his natal da_\' being March 26, 
iS,^j. Idis paternal grandfather. John 
Shaw, was a native of Pennsylvania, and 
■came with his famil_\' to Oliio, but died soon 
after his arri\'al in county. 

Jiih.n Shaw, the father of our stibject, 
was born in the Keystone state, but at an 
early period in the develiipment of this por- 
tion of the state of Ohio took up his abode 
within its borders, accrmipanying his par- 
ents and the family. He had acquired his 
early education in the schools of his native 
state and here he received ample training 
at farm work. The family located upon a 
tract of land adjoining tlie farm upon which 
our subject now resides. It comprised one 
hundred and si.xty acres, the greater part 
of which was still covered with the native 
growth of timber. .-\t a later date John 
Shaw, the father of our subject, became the 
owner of the farm upon which Andrew is 

n(jw li\iiig, tirst purcliasing a quarter-sec- 
tion and afterwanl adding ti.» it a tract of 
si.xty acres. He wa> united in marriage ',<> 
.Mis.> Rachel Stewart, a native of Fairfield 
county, and they became the parents of ten 
children, of whom only two are yet living, 
Jcjliii \\'. and .\ndre\\ \\"., the former a resi- 
dent of Ohio, his home being near Rush- 
ville. In liis political views the father was 
a Democrat, believing firmly in the prin- 
ciples of the party, luit never seeking otlice 
as a reward fc>r his loyalty to the organiza- 
tion. He held membership in the Presby- 
terian church and was interested in every 
mo\ement calcidatetl to ])rove of general 
good. In his business affairs he prospered 
as the years ])assed b_\-, and in arldition to 
general farming he made a specialty of the 
cultivation of tobacco, which he shipped on 
quite an extensive scale. 

Andrew W. Shaw obtained his educa- 
tion at home ar.rl though his advantages in 
youth were so extremely meager he added 
to his knowleilge as the years passed by, and 
in the school of ex]jerietice he has learned 
many valuable lessons that have made him a 
successful business man, reliable and prac- 
tical in all of his work. In early youth he 
assisted in the later of the fields upon the 
home farm and was thus engaged up to the 
time of his marriage, when, in order to 
have a home of his own he purchased eightv- 
three acres of land, beginning agricultural 
pursuits on his own account. He built there 
a comfortable residence, but after two years 
sold the property. His father desired him 


<l )'.:! .y';:.n 

// ,,T..!.(i/ 



In return fn tlie old hnmcstead and take 
charge of the tanii. 'J'his Mr. Shaw did, 
and liccainc tlic manager 1 if an excellent tract 
of lantl i)f twii hundred and tifty-six acre^^. 
I-ater he purchased one hundred aiul sixt}" 
acres near Bremen, and t<i-day he is the 
owner of three hundred and sixty-one acres 
of land in Fairfield comity, the rich and well 
developed fields returning- to him a golden 
har\-cst. -\t one time he, in partnershiii 
with his brother J. \\'., also owued land to 
the extent of six hundred acres in Indiana, 
on the Wabash river, retaining it in their 
possession for thirteen }ears, when the\ sold 
out. Our subject's jilace is a \-ery desirable 
one, being classed amrmg the liest farms of 
Rush Creek towiishi]), and the owner is 
known as a progressive, wide-awake and 
practical agriculturist, whr> has made farm- 
ing a science. 

Mr. Shaw was united in marriage to 
^liss Klmira W'alten. a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and a daughter of Thomas and Cath- 
erine \\'alten, who were also born in the 
Keystone state. In the family were ten chil- 
dren, but the only one now living is Mrs. 
Shaw. Bv her marriage she has become the 

mother of se\ en children, but four of the 
nnniber lia\e passed away. Those who still 
survive are; Ida .M.. at home: J. C. and 
George F.., who are also under the parental 

Since age gave to Mr. Shaw the right 
of franchise he has su])ported the men and 
measures of the Democrac}-, and while he 
has never sought or desired ofiice he has 
nevertheless kept well informed on the issues 
of the day, being able to support his posi- 
tion by intelligent argument. The cause of 
education has found in him a warm friend, 
and for tvventy-fom- years he has served as 
a school direci.-ir, doing everythiiig in his 
power to promote in this way the intel- 
lectual standard of the community. lie is 
a member of the Presbyterian church, with 
which his children are also identified. His 
residence in the county covers se\-.'nty years 
— the psalmist's span of life — and although 
his career has Ijeen cnie of unfaltering in- 
dustry Mr. Shaw is still actively concerned 
in business affairs and deserves great credit 
for what he has accomplished. lia\ ing been 
the architect and builder of his own for- 


Edward Mithoff Gillett is now the su- 
perintendent of the Fairfield County Chil- 
dren's Home of Lancaster and is one of the 
enterprising and respected citizens. He was 
born on a farm just at the edge of Carroll, 

Ohio, on the 3d of December. 1867. His 
father, Aniasa B. Gillett, was born in Cat- 
taraugTJS county, Xew York, in April, 1823, 
and with his parents emigrated westward 
to Illinois, where the family remained for a 



sliiirt time and ihen renmvcd tn KeyimKls- 
hxwy:. Ohi'i. At that place Amasa I'.. Gillett 
leariifel the cariienler's trade ami after ImI- 
l^wiiig that i)ur>iiit for sunie time he came 
to FairheM cnuiUv. establishing his himie in 
Carroll. Here he married Priscilla Jane 
Wilsim. a dangluer of Isaac \\'i]son^ who 
as a wedding' present presented, the ynung 
couple with a farm on section 7, Cireenheld 
tow nship. It was there that twu sons were 
born imto them : Isaac Wilson and Frank 
C. Shortly after the birth of the latter Mrs. 
Gillett died, and for his second wife the 
fatlier of our subject married Sarah M. 
jSIyers, the wedding taking i)lace on the b'th 
of January, 1867. She was a daughter of 
Andrew :\Iyers, a resident (if Jefferson. 
Ohii). and by the second marriage was Im mi 
one son, Edward Mithi.ff. whose name in- 
troduces this review. The father managed 
the farm and also engaged in general con- 
tracting and building hc.uses. barns and 
bridges. Fie was also county commissioner 
for six years and was an active and intlu- 
ential member of the County Agricultural 
Society, of which he served as president 
for several terms, while for a numl)er of 
years he was one of its directors. In his 
various business interests he met with suc- 
cess, and when the two sons of his first 
marriage had attained their majority he 
purchased their interest in the home farm. 
which liad been given to "their mother on 
her marriage. In his will, however, he be- 
queathed the farm to them in equal shares. 
which he had bought of them. In 18S3 he 
was appointed superintendent of the Fair- 
field County Children's Home near Lan.cas- 
ter, being the first one to occupy that po- 

sition. The board of directors made a wise 
cluiice when they selected .Mr. Gillett and 
he was continued in positi(,n until tlie first 
I'lf April, i^ij'i, when he resigned and re- 
newed to Lancaster, where he lived retired 
until his death ]''ebruary 7, lyoo. His 
widiiw still survives him and is vet lixing 
in that city. She is a member of the Pres- 
byterian church and is active in manv good 
works. Her father. Andrew Mvers, was a 
Pennsylvania German and died in Jefferson, 
Ohio, at the very advanced age of ninety- 
five _\ears. 

Kdward Alithoft" Ciiilett pursued his ed- 
ucatiou in the district schools and afterward 
attended the normal school in Lithopolis. 
On putting aside his te.\t-l)ouks he accepted 
a position oa the staff of the Columbus Daily 
Times and later h.e embarked in the wh'ile- 
sale shoe business, owned by James Clav- 
pool. After two years lie came to Lancas- 
ter and was engaged in clerking in a drv 
goods store for more than a year. He then 
olitained a position of engineer at the Chil- 
dren's Home, working under liis father, un- 
til liis appointment to the superintendencv of 
the institution, as his father's successor. He 
has since remained in the position, giving 
satisfaction by the cajiable mar.ner in which 
he manages it^ affairs. He not only super- 
intends tlie business interests of the place in 
an al)le manner, but his broad svmpatliv and 
kindliness lia\ e been active elements in his 
care of die children entrusted to his charge. 
On the 30th of October. 1890, Mr. Gil- 
lett was united in marriage to Miss Clara 
Nichols, a daugliter of George Xichols. the- 
oldest wa.gon manufacturer of this county. 
Mr. and Mrs. Gillett have no children of 



their own, but. lliey take personal interesi 
in each child umler tlicir care and this large- 
ly accounts for the good conduct of the little 
ones who have a warm atlectiun fiir our 
subject and his wife, who indeed have made 

tJie institutiun a liMme hi the unfortunate 
ciu'ldren \\\v> would otherwise have no 
home. Both Mr. and Mrs. dillett are peo- 
ple of genuine worth ami their circle of 
friends is \-erv extensive. 


GeoVge W. Welsh, the successor of Mr. 
Spooner as sui)erintendent of the schools of 
Lancaster, was appointed in February, 1S69. 
Mr. Welsh had been a popular and success- 
ful teacher in the grammar sclnjols of Lan- 
caster for the preceding two years. LI is 
high mora! character, his kindness and uu- 
obstrnsive manners, and his ambition ti:i ex- 
cell in his chosen field of labor, strongly 
recommended him to the board of education 
as a suitable person for superin»endent of the 
schools. He was therefore elected to that 
position by a unanimous viite of the l)i:)ard. 
His successful management r>f the schools 
for the last se\en years, and the ach'ance- 
ment and proficiency of teachers and pupils 
indicate the wisdom of the board in his se- 
lection. Impressed with a sense of the re- 
sponsibility of his charge, he exerts to the 
utmost all his energies in qualifying him- 
self for th.e duties imposed upon him. Pr.s- 
sessing an ardent lo\e of literary and scieri- 
tific pursuits, he has. by assiduous study, at- 
tained to an eminence as an educator, alike 
honorable to himself and the schools un- 
der his charge. Under his administration 
the attendance is more regular, the modes of 

mstructicm imprr>ved, and the scIkjoIs have 
steadily advanced in the scale of excellence. 
After ten years of service as superin- 
tendent ]\lr. ^^'eIsh resigned in 187Q to ac- 
cept a position with the publishing house of 
Harper Brothers, of Xew York. He re- 
mained with thi'; firm one year and then re- 
signed and was elected superinten.dent (if th.e 
schools of Xenia, Ohio. After two rears 
of successful work in the Xenia schools he 
resigned to accept again the superintendency 
of the Lancaster schools, succeeding S. S. 
Knaben.shue, who liad eftlcienth- filled the 
place since February, 1879. After one year's 
service ]\Ir. Welsh's health having failed, he 
was succeeded by J. J. Burns, former stale 
commissioner of common schools. In 18S4 
^Ir. Burns resigned to accept the superin- 
tendency of the schools of Dayton. Ohio, 
and Mr. ^\'elsh was appointed as his suc- 
cessor, and remained in charge of the schnols 
eight years. In 1892 he was succe'eded by 
Flijah Burgess, who held the position un- 
til 1898. For one year following the prin- 
cipal of the high school. T. C. Coates. was 
acting superintendent. In 1809 ^^^- Welsh 
was again chosen to take charge oi the 



schools, and is tlie present superintendent. 
Mr. Welsh was horn and reared in Fair- 
field county. At the begiiuiing- of the Civil 
Avar he was leachini;- in Knyalton, the place 
of his hirih. In July. iSC)_\ on the recuni- 
mendation of the niilitaiy committee of this 
country he received a lieutenant's commis- 
sion from Giivcnmr Daxid Tod, and with 
Ahali Perry and J. M. Sutphen recruited a 
company fi^r the Xinetieth Ohio \'oluntcer 

Infantry. His regiment was sent ti'> Ken- 
tucky in August, i86_', and was atiachcl 
to the Army of the Cumherland, with wh.ich 
it marched and fought until the clM>e of the 
war. Mr. Welsh was se\'erely wounded at 
the battle of Stone River. Tennessee, on the 
last day of the year iS6j. After the war 
he resumed his chosen profession, and with 
little interruption has continued in educa- 
tional work to the present time. 


For fortv-one years Ohed Brown has 
resided in Fairfield county and for si>;teen 
year.s has filled the office of townshi]) trus- 
tee, which indicates the unmistakable hon- 
or, confidence ami trust reposed in him by 
his fellow townsmen. He was born in Pick- 
away county on the 4th of May, 1843. his 
parents being Elisha and Hannah 1 Ether- 
ton) Brown. His father was als(T b<jrn in 
Pickaw-ay county and throughout the years 
of his active business career devoted his time 
to farm work, in which he prospered as the 
years passed. He closely applied himself to 
his duties, and through his capable manage- 
ment and unremitting diligence met with 
gratifying success. Fie viited with the De- 
mocracy and though he never cared for of- 
ficial preferment was a pub!ic-s])irited man 
and endorsed all measures and movements 
for the general good. He died at the home 
of our subject in 1901 at the age of eighty- 

six years, his birth having occurred in 18x5. 
Flis wife was also born in Pickaway county 
and died about thirteen years before her 
husband's demise. By her marriage site be- 
came the mother of seven children, five of 
whom are yet living, Obed Brown, the 
sul>ject of this review, being the third in 
order of birth. 

Upon the old farm homestead where he 
first opened his eyes to the light of day Obed 
Brown was reared until his had attained the 
age of eighteen years, when he came to Fair- 
field county. In the meantime he had ac- 
quired a good English education in the com- 
mon schools and had become familiar with 
farm work, and has never desired to cliange 
his occupation. Upon arriving in Fairfield 
county in 1801 he located in Amanda town- 
ship upon a tract of land which he cu!ti\ated 
for a time, then purchased his present farm 
of eightv acres. It has been his home con- 



tinuously since, and its neat and tlirifty ap- 
pearance is an indication ot his thorough 
understanding of farming: methods and his 
earnest desire to make his properly an at- 
tractive and valuahle one. 

The year 1869 uas the one in wliicii 
was cek'hrated the marriage of ^Ir. Brown 
and Miss Carohne Crites, a ihtughter of 
Sanuiel Crites, one of the early settlers of 
Fairfield county. His liirth occurred in 
Berks county, Pennsylvania, in iSoo, and 
he afterward became a prominent farmer of 
the Buckeye state, his thorough worth win- 
ning for him the esteem of all with whom 
he was associated. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Brown 
has been blessed with five chiklren : Alice 
is the wife of Ed.son Groce. a farmer living 

in \\'alnut township, Pickaway cmuity. 
Maggie is the wife of Jose])h I'ltier. a resi- 
dent farmer of Amanda township. ihey 
have one child, Lauren O. Bitler. Etta (bed 
at the age of five years. Bertlia is tlie wife 
of John .A. Bowman, a resident farmer of 
Clear Creek township. Emmett resides 
upon the old home place and assist- his fa- 
ther in the cultivation of the fields. Mr. 
Bn:>wn believes that the principles of the 
Democracy are best calculated to promote 
good government in state and nation, and 
therefore endorses the men and measures of 
that party. He is at present ser\ ing as 
township trustee, having filled the office for 
the past sixteen years. Xo higher testi- 
monial of capable service could be given 
than this. 


Henry Zimmerman is well kn^jwu in 
mercantile circles in Lancaster, where he 
is conducting a retail grocery business. He 
has been a resident of this city from early 
boyhood, but was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
on the 8th of January, 1844. His parents 
were Gotlieb and Barbara ( Biechler) Zim- 
merman, natives of Wittenberg, Germany, 
the former born on the 9th of December, 
1S21. When in his tenth year he was 
brought to the United States by his parents, 
William and Sarah ( Silver) Zimmerman. 
After removing from Cincinnati to Fairfield 
countv Gotlieb Zimmerman engaged in 

teanung and in the transfer business f'^r a 
number of- }"ears and at the same time <le- 
voted his attention partially to the ojit-ra- 
tion of a small farm near Liuicaster. His 
industry and careful management tin'' lugh 
his acti\e business career provided inm w ith 
a comfortable living. His wife died in 1890 
when about seventy years of age, and he 
has since made his home with our subject. 
In his family were eight children, all of 
whom reached mature years, while Genrge, 
Jacrib, Louisa, Charlie. Henry and Mary are 
still living. 

In the public schools of Lancaster Henry 



Zimmennan jjursucil his eilucatinn and left 
school in i>r(Ier to assi>i his lather, hut 
the Ci\il WAV was hegun he i)ut aside all 
business ami persc^nal consi<lerati'->ns in or- 
der to aid his country in the suppression of 
the rehellion in the s.^uth. heconiing a mem- 
ber of Comiiany A. Seventeenth. \o\- 
tmteer Intamry. under the eonnnand of Col- 
onel Jiihn M. Connell. ]Mr. Zimmerman was 
mustered in for three }ear.>' service, and, 
although in iiis se\ enteenth year, h;: \\as a 
brave and lina! S'jidier. his valor being equal 
to that of many veterans twice hi.s \-ears. 
He participated in the engageinent> at Wild 
Cat, Millspring. Stone River, Perryville, 
Corinth, Piltshurg Landing and the battle 
of Chickamauga. At the last named place, 
on the 20th of September, 1863, he was cap- 
tured. -Vfter being held as a prisoner, how- 
ever, for ten days he was e.xchanged. He 
had been shot through the elbow and the 
bone being shattered he was disabled for 
a time. Sent to the field liospital, he 
wa.s afterward transferred to Nashville, 
Tennessee, then to Xew Albany and later 
to Camp Dcnnis'in, near Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Recovering his health, he rejoined his com- 
mand and ti'ok part in the liattle of Kcne- 
saw INb'juntain, and when his time had ex- 
pired he was mustered out at Atlanta, 
Georgia, in October, 1S64. 

Returning to Lancaster. ^Iv. Zimmer- 
man then engaged in the gpjcery business. 
In 1872 he purchased the store of Basset, 
Allen & Gardner, where he continued until 
1875, when he purchased his present busi- 
ness block on North Columbus street. Here 

he carries a large and selected str)ck of 
staple and fancy groceries and his reason- 
able prices and honorable dealing and hi> 
earnest endeavor to please ha\e secured t<:> 
him a liberal patronage. 

In 1807 Mr. Zimmerman was inn'ted in 
marriage t' > Miss i'aulinc \\. Breternetz, of 
Ch.illicothc. Ohio, a daughter of William 
and Alinerva (Ludwigj Breternetz. She 
was born in Germany and when a little child 
of two sunnuers was brought by her parents 
to the Unitetl Slates. By her marriage she 
has become the mother of itine children, but 
the youngest died ir. infancy. Tlie otliers 
are; ^Minnie B.. the wife of A. G. B_\ers: 
Addie, who married Joseph Hooker, of Lan- 
caster; Charles, now of Columbus; Robert 
L, who is also living in Lancaster; Hattie, 
the wife of William Stuckev. a wholesale 
dealer in cigars in Lanc;'..■^ter ; Emma, the 
wife of Edward ?\IcMananv; Ollie P.. at 
home; and George W. M. 

The parents hold membership in St. 
Peter's Evangelical Lutheran church, taking 
a very active and earnest jiart in its work. 
Mr. Zimmerman is now ser\ing as one of 
its deacons and for three years was secre- 
tary of its board of trustees. His political 
allegiance is given the Democracy. Fra- 
ternally he is connected with the L'nion 
Veteran Legion, belonging to the Encamp- 
ment, No. 112. and to the Mystic Circle. No.- 
^y, of which he is the worth}- ruler. As a 
citizen he is true to his country and her best 
interests to-day as when he folluwed the 
nation's starry banner upon southern battif 




Jacob Wliitolmr>l was h. .m }v[arcli 1. 
1830. ill ElM.-.m iiiwiislui). Fairfieli.l cuunty. 
his parc-nts being- John and Margaret [Shr,- 
waker ) \\"hiieiiuvsl. wlio were natives of 
Rockingham ccamty. \'irginia. Tlie grand- 
father. Jacob ShowaUer. was also born 
in Rocking-hani cuunty, and it was for him 
that cur sulijcct was named In his family 
were eight sons and eight daughters. The 
father came to I'airfield county in the fall 
of i8j9 and tirst located in Bloom township, 
near Greencastle. In the spring of 1845, 
however, he reniri\ed to the farm upon 
which Jacol) \Mutehurst is now living. The 
father was a carpenter by trade and at one 
time conducted a furniture shop in this coun- 
ty, hut subsequently gave his entire atten- 
tion to agricultural pursuits. He was a man 
of high moral character and strict principles, 
Avas industrious and energetic, and his life 
■work was such as to commend him to the 
esteem of all. He served as school director 
and also as supervisor. By hi? marriage to 
Margaret Showalter, John W'hitehurst be- 
came the father of eleven children. Those 
still living are: Joseph, born in 1823: Nor- 
ton, born in 1S-5 ; Jacoli in 1836; Eliza- 
beth in T837: and William in 1846. Those 
who have passed awa_\- are : Hannah, born 
in 1827; S'^iphia, born in 1832; Susana, in 
1835: Mary Ann, in 1840: one who died 
in infancv; and John, born in 1843. Of 
this family John served in the Civil war 
as a member of the Union army. He was 
vounded in the left lung and died from the 
■effects of his injuries a few vears later. The 

father did March 17, 1856. at the age of 
iifty-tive years, and his wife passed awav 
September 5. jS-y, in her seventy-eighili 

Jacob \\'hiteluu-st. whose name intro- 
duces this record, pursued his educati.;>n in 
a log school house such as was c-mmon 
during the period of his youth. \\'hen twen- 
ty-one years of age he began operating the 
old homestead, remaining with his father 
until the latter's death, ^vhcn he purcliascd 
the interests of the other heirs, having smcc 
continued upon the farm which has so long 
been his home. He gi\es his attention in 
an undivided manner to his agricultural in- 
terests and his practical knowledge of farm- 
ing, accompanied with his capable manage- 
ment, has resulted in bringing to him very 
desirable success. 

As a companion and helpmate for the 
journey of life ^Mr. Wh.ilehurst chose ^liss 
]\Iary Powell, their wedding being celebrated 
on the 13th of January, 1859. The ladv 
is a daughter of Daniel Powell, of Bloom 
township. Her mother bore tlie nlaiden 
n^ame of Eliza Beaty and both were natixes 
of Pennsylvania, but in tlic early part of the 
century they took up their abode in Fair- 
field count}-. Mr. Powell becan-ie an ex- 
tensi\'e and prosperous farmer of Bloom 
township. He died in his seventy-seventh 
year, while his wife passed away at the age 
of seventy-one years. He had served his 
country in the Civil war anrl was ever a 
loyal and patriotic citizen. Unto Mr. and 
Mrs. Powell were l)orn eight children, of 



wliom seven are yet living: Eatenian. Mary. 
Alexander. Sarah, Daniel. Elizabeth and 
John. Peter, who was the third in order of 
birth, is ni.nv deceased. 

Mr. Whitehurst. of this review, has 
served as supervisor of his township and is 
a public-spirited citizen, ever interested in 
the welfare and progress of his commu- 
nity. In politics he has always supported 
the Democratic party, but he has never 

sought or desired political office to any great 
extent, though he withholds his co-opera- 
tion from no movement which he believes 
will contribute to the general good. His en- 
lire life has been passed in I'airtield coun- 
ty, and he has witnessed much of its growth 
and upbuilding, and has watched the changes 
which have tran.-.ferred it from a primitive 
section of the state until it ntjw ranks with 
the best ccnmtics of the commonwealth. 


The Rev. Xiclnilas E. Pilger is pastor 
of St. Mary's Catholic church of Lancaster. 
He has devoted the years of liis manhood 
to the work of the ministry and under his 
guidance the church of which he now has 
charge is making satisfactory and substan- 
tial achancement. He was Ixirn }\Iay 2. 
1S42. and after attending the parochial 
schi:>o] decided t'.i enter the priesthi>od. Ac- 
cordingly he made his preparat' iry studies 
at St. Thomas' College, Bard■^town. Ken- 
tucky, and finished his ecclesiastical studies 
at Mt. St. Mary's Seminary of Cincinnati. 
He was ordained on the 3d of Jtme. 1865, 
by Bishop Rosecrans, the then coadjutor 
bishop of Cincinnati and who w7w afterward 
appointed first bishop of Cohimbus. Ohio. 

Father Pilger's first charge was at Mil- 
tonsburg. ilonroe county, where he was 
sent July i. i^C'},. and there remained for 
seven years, until July i. 187J. In the 
meantime he built a new church at Woods- 

field and repaired the churches of his dif- 
ferent missions, of which he had four be- 
sides the church at Miltonsburg. During 
those years he practically lived in the sad- 
dle, but was young and robust and did his 
work with a will and acomiplished much 
toward carrying the gospel of Ch.rist into 
the newly settled tiiwns of his circuit. He 
relates man.y very mteresting stories of his 
early pastoral work, .some of which are 
amusing. His accounts of his efforts to 
combat the ignorance of the pe<iple in those 
days and their bitter prejudices again^t the 
Catholic faith pre of a highly entertain- 
ing nature. 

In 1872 Father Pilger was transferred 
as pastor to St. Francis De Sales church at 
Newark, Ohio, w here he remained until first 
coming t'> Lancaster in 1874. but at that 
time he remained here less than a year, his 
next pastorate I)eing at Delaware. Ohii^. 
where he spent nine years. During his stay 


30 ^ 

at lliai place he purcliased tlie t;ri:>un(l on 
uliich Fatlier Ste_\le at'terward ereclerl a 
handsome church. In 1S84 he retnrncd lo 
Lancaster, -wliei'e he has nuw hiliored for 
eighteen years, now having an assistant m 
Father Tcipe. His congregati' m is a large 
one, the membership being sixteen hnndred, 
and there is a large attendance at the Sun- 
day-school. In 1886 Father Pilger was ap- 
pointed dean of St. !Mary's by Bishop \\'at- 
terson, and through his untiring efforts he 
now has one of the best organized churches 
in the diocese, with no jars or discord to 
disturb its peace. He is greatly beloved by 
his parishioners and is much respected by 

people of other denominations. He labors 
zealously for the temporal and moral wel- 
fare of his people and under his guidance 
his church has increased numerically and 
spiritually. There is a fin.e scliool in con- 
nection with the church luuler the charge 
of seven Dominican Sisters. There are 
fourteen grades w ith an average attendance 
of two hundred pupils, and the school i> now 
in a thri\ing condition. The Catholic so- 
citics here are as follows: The Catholic 
Knights of Ohio, the Knights of St. deorge, 
the Knights of St. John, St. Joseph's Benev- 
olent, the ^'oung Men's Institute and the 
Ladies Auxiliary. 


John H. Bellermann. who is manager of 
the Lancaster Medical Institute of Lancas- 
ter, Ohio, is one who is devoting his whole 
time and energies to the office. This insti- 
tute can be looked upon as a great benefit 
to the human race and those responsible for 
its management are entitled to great credit 
for the good it has done for tlvise who have 
become slaves to the use of intoxicaiits. 
They have restored to them the will power 
and strength of an upright manhood, enabl- 
ing them once more to take their place as 
workers in the business world imhami)ered 
by the diseased conditions brought on by in- 

Mr. Bellermann is a native of Maryland, 
his birth having occurred in the citv of 

Baltimore on the 2d of March, 1858. his 
parents being Emanuel and Henrietta 
(Wegwerth) Bellermann. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native city, 
and for several years thereafter was con- 
nected with the drug business in Baltimore. 
Subsequently he became a salesman for the 
tirni of Sharp & Dohme and later, was with 
the firm of Parke, Davis & Company, man- 
ufacturing chemists of Detroit. Michigan. 
He represented that house upon the mad, 
traveling in Ohio, Indiana, West \'irginia 
and a part of Iowa, his attention being thus 
occupied until 1888. The following year he 
came to Lancaster and began to manufacture 
proprietary medicines, having his labi >ratory 
in connection with the Lancaster Medical 


•Institute. ]n 1S91 in connection with others 
he organi;!e(l tlie Lancaster Meihca! Cmn- 
pany f'^r tlic manufacture of medicines to he 
used by tlie institute, which is located in 
uliat is known as the Hocking H. Hunter 
residence. Tlie grounds conijjrise h\e acres 
and the place is most attractive in ai)])ear- 
ance. The utmost care is given to sanitary 
conditions and the b.ome is well lighted and 
^•cntilated. 'Jdie institution is attem.ied by 
two of the nii:)St prominent ph\>icians of 
Lancaster — Dr. G. W. P".;erst!er and Dr. 
George Orman Deery. The home is well 
furnishea and equipped for the accommoda- 
tion of its numerous patients and the grounds 
and surroundings are especially attractive. 
As manager of the institution Mr. Beller- 
mann has contributed not a little to its 

Tn December. 1889, was celebrated the 
marriage of our sul)iect and Mis^ Lla 
Webb, the third daughter of Ximrod and 
Sophia (.Shadej W'elib. .Mrs. Bcllermann 
wa^ born and reared in Lancaster and spent 
her entire life in this city. Mr. Bellermann 
belongs to the blue lodge, chapter and com- 
mandery of the .\La>(.nic order, of Lancaster, 
also to the Royal Arcanum and tlie camp 
of the -Abjdern W'.j.idnien. In April, jooi, 
he was elected a meml)er r)f the citv sclnjol 
board and the cause of education found in 
him a warm friend, for he believes it to be 
the bulwark of our nation and recogn.izes 
its importance for the preparation for life's 
responsible duties. In manner he is alwavs 
kindly and courteous, and his social qual- 
ities have rendered him popular with a large 
circle of acquaintances. 


Dr. William Leonard Slutz wa5 born in 
^lonroe township, Carroll county, Ohio, 
February 22. i84''>. His great-grandfather, 
John Slutz, was bi'rn in Germany in 1755, 
of German-Holland parentage, and emigrat- 
ed to this country sometime prior to the Re\-- 
okitionary war. John Slutz served for a 
•considerable time in that struggle, being on 
a man-of-war. At the close of the war, in 
1782, he was united in marriage with Aliss 
^Margaret Howe, an<l of this union were 
T)orn four children, Samuel being the eld- 

est. In 17S8 Mrs. Slutz died and sometime 
afterward he was united in marriage with 
^iliss Catharine Welsh. Of this marriage 
fourteen children were l>->rn. Thus diil the 
great-graiulfather, John Slutz, l^ecome the 
happy father of twelve sons and six daugh- 
ters. Fifteen of these children grew to ma- 
turity, were married and reared families of 
their own. 

The grandfather, Sanuiel Slutz, was 
lx>rn in Frederick county, ]\Larvland, March 
6, 1783. He was united in marriage. Oc- 

^o^-36 ^ 

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trihcr zh. iSio. with Miss Sarah Ilagnc. who 
was a Ouakcr. some of lier tainil\ assistiiiij 
in lorniin.g tiie (juaker Si'ciety in Cohan- 
bus, 01ii<.',, where the Hagues were pronii- 
nc)it in tliat chnreh. Of liiis union four 
cliildren were l)'>rn. Malilon being the eldest. 
Mali'on Shitz was Ixani in Tuscarawas coun- 
ty. Ohio. July 17. 181J. On the J3r(l of 
INJarch, ]S3-i. he wa- united in marriage 
A\ ith [Nliss Rel.K:cca Wallunai, the ilaughter 
of Leonard and Sarah \^'alburn. She was 
born near Chanilicrsburg, Pennsylvania, 
March II, 1S16, but was reared from early 
childlW^tl in Tuscarawas county, Ohio. 
^\fter their marriage they resided a short 
time in Holmes county, then in Stark county 
three years, then in Carri>ll county ten years, 
thence to Pike township. Stark cotmty, lo- 
cating on a fann six miles S'juth of the city 
of Canton, in 1S4S, which was the family 
home for nnvre than half a century and re- 
mains in the name of ^Nlahlon Slutz at the 
time of this writing. 1902. Mahlon Slutz 
died near Canton. Ohio, June 5. 1901. at the 
advanced age of almost eighty-nine years. 
His wife. Rebecca ( Walburn ) Slutz. had 
died Septemlier 15, i8o'>. closing a period of 
nearly sixt_\-tliree years which they had 
spent together in happy wedlock and for a 
little more than sixty years there had been 
but one deatli in their familw 

\\'i!liam Leonard Slutz was one of seven 
children l)orn if this parentage, four of 
whi-.m are now living. He was not quite 
three years old when his parents brought 
him tc> Stark county. Here he attended the 
country sch<)i;>l until about eighteen years of 
age when he entered the public school in 

the city of Canton. He then taught coun- 
try school antl Liter, during college life, was 
princi])al of a village sciiool and closed his 
work as a teacher in charge ui a normal 
school. Pie aliended .\bjunt Cnion College, 
at Alliance, CHiio, jn his home county, where 
he completed a classical course of stmly and 
received his degree of Bachelor of Arts with, 
the class of 1871, and later in ciinu. the de- 
gree of ALaster of Arts. In 1S95 he was 
honored with the degree of Doctor of Di- 
vjnity, tl'.e same being conferred by Bald- 
win L'!''i\ersity. 

.\t the age 1 pf fifteen he was happily con- 
verted and united with the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, of which his parents, brothers 
and sisters all were members. In 1S73. b.av- 
ing become a member of the Pittsburg con- 
ference arid ordained deacon bv Bishops 
William L. Harris, at his own request, he 
was transferred to the Colrrado conference 
in gratification of his desire io go west. He 
remained a member of the Colorado confer- 
ence nine years, his last pastorate bein.g Col'>- 
rado Springs. During this pastorate ol 
three years a most eligible church site was 
purchased and a new church erected at a 
cost of about twenty thousand dollars. He 
was secretary of that conference at the time 
of his transfer to the east Ohio conference 
in iS8j. He was then stationed at Akron 
three years and two years in Ra\ enna. at 
the close of which time he was transferred 
to the Ohio conference and stationed three 
years as pastor i:>f Bigelow. in Portsmouth, 
Ohio, then appointed to London. 01iii>. 
where he reniained hxQ }ears. During his 
pastorate in London an excellent site was 

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secured and a splendid cluin-h edifice erected 
thcvcc-n al a cost of alxail lorty-ei.y;iu thou- 
sand tlollars. all provided ii-v. There was 
also a net increase in nieniUershiii of one 
hundred and lifty. In i8i;5 he was apijoint- 
ed pastir of the Metlmdisr Episcopal church 
in Lancaster, Ohio, and continued as ]iastor 
two years, \Nhen lie was appointed presiding' 
elder of the Lancaster district and at the 
tiiue of this writing is clijsing his fifth year 
in that othce. He has been in charge of 
circuits two years, stationed in cities twenty- 
four years and presiding elder five years. 
During tlioe years he has occupied parson- 
ages incident to the life of a ^lethodist min- 
ister, until within the i)ast four years, w hen 
he has had the happy experience of dwelling 
in his own comfortable home at Xo. ii8 
]iast \\'heeling street, I^ncaster, 

On the 23d of November, 1873, '''^ ^^''^s 
imited in marriage \\ith Miss Julia INIinerva 
Clark, daughter of Ransom H. and Eliza- 
beth (Pitkin) Clark, (<x Portage county". 
Ohii-. Mer jiarents were of Xew England 
parentage. Six children were born of this 
marriage: Willie died at the age of two 
years in Portsmouth, Ohio. February 13, 
1888; Mabel Henrietta, at nineteen years of 
age, a voung ladv of choicest Christian 

spirit: .nnd bright little Helen Margaret, at 
the ag-e of fiinr, on September 21. 1894, iu 
th.e eternal home, joined their mother, who 
had died the previous June. Three son- are 
living: Merrill Clark, the eldest, is a mem- 
ber of the Cincinnati bar. Kaymond M.ihlon 
is a student in the Ohio- ?\lcdical College, in 
Cincinnati. M;w\ Ivaiisom is a member of 
the senior class of the high school of Lan- 
caster, Oliio. On December 16, i89ri. Rev. 
Slutz was united in marriage with Miss 
Ella Eckman \Miiley. of Lancaster, Ohio. 
She is the daughter rif San^uel and 
Mary J. (Eckman) Whiley. Mer father 
, had been actively engaged in business in 
Lancaster fiir many years and at the time 
of his death. January 22. 1897, he was sec- 
retary and treasurer of the Eagle ^Lachine 
Company and president of the Farm- 
ers" and Citizens' Bank of Lancaster, Ohio. 
Mr. \Miiley had been for many years an act- 
ive official member of the Methodist Epis- 
ci;pal church, in which he held official po- 
sition at the time of his death. His wife 
was a daughter of Judge John anfl Jane 
(Campbell) Eckman. of GreenfieKl, Ohio. 
Dr. and Mrs. Slutz had two children : ]vLary 
Eleanor, born August i. 1S98: and a baby, 
born March 13, 1902. 


Emanuel HutYord does not need to read has made him acquainted with all those con- 

the history of pioneer days to become fa- ditions. He was born in Hocking county in 

miliar with the condition which existed in Xovember, 1844, accjuired his early educa- 

Ohio when this portion of the state was tion there prior to the age of thirteen years 

upon the frontier, for practical experience and then after the removal of the family to 


Faiii'icld oanity contimied his cdncatiwn in 
tlie sch.M'U here, l.aicr he went to IiKhann. 
where he was eniployeil Iff a year, and on 
the expiration of tliat period he remrned 
to hi.-^ iiomc and en^-ac;eil in farming- fur one 
year for liis father. Me then came to the 
farm upon wliich lie n.iw hves in Ra-^h 
Creek Irjwn.^liip, and for one year worked it 
for iiis father-i\i-ki\v. He was success fnl 
in his undertakinjjs and was tiierel^y en- 
couraged to secure a home of ins own. lie 
■was married l-"ebruary 14. 1S69, to Miss 
Mary E. Simpson, a native of Fairfield 
couniv, Ohio, and as tlie years ha\'e passed 
eleven children ha\e lieen added tii their 
family: Jose))h. who is living alxiut on.e 
mile east of the village of Flagdaie; .Mar- 
tin, who married Xora Durker. makes his 
home in Indiana: Fli. who married first 
Carrie Proctor and after her death Oma 
Shoemaker became his wife, and is living 
upon the old family homestead; Sadie, the 
wife of Frank Grove, residing two miles 
east of Bremen: Kittie. the wife of S. Shoe- 
maker, lixing in Ru-ihsille; Barbara, the 
wife of Homer Wright, their residence be- 
ing aliout one mile from her father's home; 
Jennie, the wife of Porter Wright, who 

lives upon the farm adjoining her father's; 
Fli/.a. the wife of Jim Blasser. at Ivinie ; 
Leaf}-. John and Carl, yet residing with 
their parent-. 

In hi< political views Mr. llufljrd is a 
Democrat, and lor a tin;e served a> town- 
ship trustee and has also" served as school 
director. He and his ^\ife are members of 
the ' ierman Reformed cluirch. At the time 
of his marriage he had earned alioul live 
hundred tlollars. which he ])ut out at interest 
and it is there }-et. He never rode ni a 
bugg}- inuil h.e was married. On one Satur- 
day morning he walked to Lancaster and 
after Imping a pair of new trousers and a 
vest and also having his picture taken, he 
walked back hon-ie again, covering a dis- 
tance of twenty-two miles. On the .-jame 
day he walked nine n-iiles south to church 
and ag-ain hon-ie after the services, covering- 
forty miles that day. Li tlie same year on 
one occasion he walked eight miles Iiefore 
breakfast. Xo history of Fairtield county 
would be complete without mention of the 
Hufford family, so long have thev resided 
in this part of the state and so active have 
they been in business affairs, contributing 
to the general welfare. 


John Graybill was born in Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania. January 22. 1785. 
and emigrated to and settled in Greentield 
township. Fairfield county. Ohio, where he 
sided until August 29, 1S67, when he fell 

asleep, full of years, loved, honored and re- 
spected by the entire community. 

He served as a private in the war of 
1812, and took an active interest in the 
state militia for manv vears after tlie close 

.JJiaYA5!0 PlHOl .VIOH- 

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of the \\:ir. Tlis c.Mninissions as ensign, 
(latcil .\u.i;iist I, 1813. siyT.e 1 In Rcuirii J. 
Mei.!<s. <4vvcrnor. ami as lirst lieutenant, 
dated January i. 1816. sii^ned liy Tlmnias 
Wiirlhington, governor, still oceupy a jilace 
on the walls o\ the library of his grandson, 
Judge Reeves. 

He served as justice of the peaee of 
(jrccntieiil to\vnship for o\er twenty-five 
years, and a nunilier of his commissions 
signed li\- Jeremiah !\hirrow, Allen Trimble, 
Duncan McArthur, and a long line of the 
early governors of Ohio, are still ])reserved 
as relics- Tie served two terms as county 
commissioner of Fairfield county, and in 
i8.V_i and 1837 with \\'i!liam Medill i after- 
wartls governor of Ohio) represented I'air- 
field county in the Ohio legislature. In the 
spring of 1S38 he was elected b_\- the legis- 
lature associate judge of the court of com- 
mon pleas iif Fairfield county for the term of 
seven years: his commission dated Ivlarcli 
g, 183S. signed by Joseph Vance, go\ern-:ir. 
is still jireserved by his grandson, whose 
commissions as judge of the court of com- 
mon pleas are dated and signed in Xi^Nem- 
ber, igoo and 1901, o\er sixty-two years 

Judge Graybill was a Democrat of the 
Jacksonian type, and tijok an active part 
in the politics of Fairfield county. He was 
the warm personal and political friend of 
Governors \\'illiam ^ledill an<l -William Al- 
len, and of David Tod and John Brough 
during their adherence to the Democratic 

On May 19, 181S. in Lancaster county. 
Pennsylvania. John Graybill was married 
to Susanna Lig-htner Eckert. and a few davs 

thereafter they bid adieu to their friends 
and started (.n their briilal ti>ur ""across the 
mountains"" \n ;i Conestoga wagon for their 
home in Fairfield county, then the "'far 
west. ' As a nienieiuo of this trip their 
grandscm still [lossesses ime of the bri'.lal 
presents, an old-fashioned china tea .-et com- 
posed of tea ]:)ot. sugar bowl, cream pitcher 
tweb'e cujis and saucers, all perfect, with- 
■ nit a nick or crack th.erein, notwithstanding 
their long ji.inrney in tlie Conestoga wagon, 
neatl}- packed in a bran new feather Ijeil. 
another viresent fnim the mother (-)f the 

From its earliest history the citv of Lan- 
caster and \icinity has been ncjted for the 
high social standing, intelligence and hos- 
pitality of its citizens, and in this fa\'ored 
comn.iunity ]\Irs. fjraybill soon took a prrmi- 
inent social position, which she maintained 
during her entire life, all recognizing her 
higli social, intellectual and Christian char- 
acter. She v,-as an earnest, c<:insistent mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church. ha\'ing 
united with the old Leacijck church near 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, when only sixteen 
years old. She was the orphans' friend, 
many of whom reared under her tender care 
lived 10 call her Idessed and with her many 
friends mourn her loss, when on ]March 19, 
1876. she was laid to rest. 

This union was blessed with only one 
child. ]\[artha S. Graxdnll. who marrieil 
Josiah Ree\es. both of whom died leaving 
their sur\ i\ing children, John G. Reex'es and 
Samuel L. Ree\es. t';> the tender care and 
Oiristian guidance of their grandparents. 
A\ho nobly fultilled the sacred trust imposed 
upon them. 


■Ji-m; -.(I; 

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The reci_>rd of IImii. J"lin (^i. Reest-s as 
a man. a soldier, a lawyer and a judge is 
such as to entitle liim t^ distinetiijn as one 
of the lionDred and repre-cntali\-e citizens 
of FairtieM coiniiy. He is now serving on 
the bench "f the cunmion pleas couit and his 
incunihenc}' will continue until 1907. He 
was l»irn near Lancaster, his [larents lie- 
ing Josiah and Martha S. iGraybill) 
Reeves. His father dicdi when the Judge 
was cjuite young aiid the latter was reared 
ujwn a fann by his grandfather, judge John 
Graybill. with whom he remained until 
1861. attending the district schools in his 
early youth and afterward ccmtinuing his 
studies in the city sch'X>]s of Lancaster and 
the Ohio University at Athens, Ohio, until 

In that year Judge Reeves began read- 
ing law with the linn of Martin & Schleich. 
of Lancaster, remaining a student in their 
office until after the beginning of the Civil 
war. when, his patriotic spirit was aroused, 
and he offered his services to the govern- 
ment, enlisting for three years or during the 
war as a member of the Seventh Ohio \"ol- 
unteer Cavalry. He was with the First 
Battalion, wliich was afterward consolidat- 
ed with a part of the First Battalir^n of the 
Sixth Ohio Vohinteer Cavalry, and in 
1863 became the Eleveiuh Ohio Cavalry. 
Mr. Reeves enlisted as a private and was 
appointed orderly sergeant of Conipany C 
on the J I St of Decenil>er. 1861, in which 
capacity he served about eleven months. On 
the 2 [St of September, 1862, he was appoint- 

ed second lieutenant of the same company; 
was U'.ade tii'st lieutenant June 9, 18O3: and 
on the organizatiLin of the Eleventh Ohio 
Cavalry was appointed its adjutant. Soon 
afterward he was made adjutant of the post 
of Fort Laramie and subseciuently was 
made provost marshal of the district of Fort 
Larann'e. In the spring of 1864 he was 
api)(:>inted assistant inspector «:if the western 
divisi(jn of the ilistrict <;i Nebraska ui>on 
the staff of General Robert Mitchell, who 
was in conniiand of the district of Xebra^^ka. 
His jurisdiction cxteui'led from Tulesburg,. 
Nebraska, to South Pass City. Wyoming. 
He was also chosen as captain of Company 
L, Eleventh Regiment, but was not nnis- 
tereil in as sucli on account of the close of 
the war. but ser\ed out his time as inspector, 
being honorably discharged in April. 1865. 
at which time he returned home. His regi- 
ment was engaged in guarding the overland 
mail and emigrant refute fr^im Ju.leslm.rg to- 
South P'ass and on the South Platte from 
Julesburg to Ford Halleck. At different: 
times they were engaged in skirmishes with' 
the Lidians. the most important being at" 
Mud Springs, ■which lasted live da^.s. Hi'; 
military service was characterized by the 
most unflinching performance of duty, even 
in the face of great flanger and mc.-st loyally 
ami effectively he aided his country. 

Returning immediately to his home, itr 
2vrav, 1865, the Judge was admitted to the 
])ar by the supreme court of Ohio and at 
once began practice in Lancaster, where he 
has since remained. In 1880. at Cincinnati. 



he was adniiitcd tu practice in the United 
States, circuit and ili>trict d.iirts, and un the 
5t!i c-1 March. 1SS5. he was a(hnitted at 
Wasliingti.n, 1). C. to luaciice in the su- 
preme crurt lA tlie L"nited States. In a trial 
befure ciurt cr jury he is strong in argu- 
nient, logical in deiluctions and most cap- 
aljle in representing his case and the law- 
hearing upon the points of litigation. In 
1867 l""^ ^vas elected city solicitor of Lan- 
caster and served for two successive terms 
of two years each. In 1S71 he was elected 
prosecuting attorney of I'airheld county, 
and Uy re-electi<:in was continued in that po- 
sition for six years. For eight years he 
was a member of the b<.iard of trustees of 
the Boys" Industrial School. beiPig first ap- 
]>ointed by Governi.>r Hoadley and later by 
Governor Camjibell. A\ lien not in office he 
has given his entire attention to the practice 
•of law and won distincti\'e!_\- representatis'e 
clientage. In Xox-emberj 1900, he was 
elected judge of the connnon pleas court 
for an unexpired term and in Xo\enil>er, 
icjoi. he was elected without opposition for 
a term of five years, and has continually 
demonstrated his ability to handle the intri- 
cate problems which are continually pre- 
sented for solution. The legal profession 
demands a high order of ability, and the 
judiciar>- reqtiires not only ability but a 
rare combination of talent, learning, tact, 
patience and industry. The successful law- 
yer and competent judge must be a man of 
well balanced intellect, thoroughly familiar 
with the law- and practice, of comprehensive 
general information, possessed of an analy- 
tical mind and a self-control that will en- 
able him to lose his individuality, his per- 

sonal feelings, his prejudices and his pe- 
culiarities of di>position in the dignits , im- 
partiality and equity of ottice to which life, 
property, right and liberty must look for 
protection. Posse.ssing these qualifications 
Judge lvcc\cs justly merits the honor which 
hab been conferred upon him by his election 
to the bench. 

Oil the 2ylh of January, 1866, the Judge 
was married to Mis^ Rachel Eli'/ahcth, a 
daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Shull) 
Hooker, of H.^^oker Station, near Lancaster, 
and they became the parents of one son. 
John Harold, who is now a law student. 
Mrs. Reeves, a most devoted wife and 
mother, possessing many womanly quali- 
ties which endeared her to all, was called to 
her final re^t Decenil>er 14, 1896, and her 
death was widely mourned. 

The Judge is a Democrat in his political 
affiliations and is prominent in military and 
fraternal circles, having served as Grand 
Commander of the Amei-ican Legion of 
Honor for Ohio and as Grand Chancellor 
of the Knights of Pythias of Ohio in 1S8S 
and is now Supreme Representative. He is 
a charter member of Coeur de Lion Com- 
pany. Xo. 9. Uniformed Rank, K. P., hav- 
ing served, as its captain and also as Judge 
Ad\ctcate General on the staff of J. \\". 
Green, commanding the Ohio Brigade. He 
is past noble grand of Alpine Lodge. Xo. 
566, I. O. O. F., and past patriarch of Hoc-k 
Hocking Encampment. Xi>. 7. He took an 
active part in the formation of Patriarch 
Militant Branch; was twice elected Brig- 
adier General of the First Brigade of Ohio : 
and twice elected Maj(»r General, contmand- 
ing the Division of Ohio, at that time com- 



posed of eleven states. The Jmlge is also 
a niemlier rif Lancaster Lo'lge. Xm. 57. F. 
&• A. :\1. : Lancaster Cliajiter, Xo. n. R. A. 
Yl. : and Lancaster Ci";nimandery, Xo. 2, 
K. T. Lie is a Scottish Rite Mas^n, having- 
taken the thirty-second degree, and is atlili- 
ateil with Ohio Sovereign Consistory at 
Cincinnati. Tie is a charter meniber and 
past commander of F,en Eutterfield Post, 
Xo. jy. G. A, R.. i>f I^ancaster. an<l serveil 
as aide on the statT of the Department Com- 
mander, while at present he is on the staff 
of the Xational Commander. He is a char- 

ter member anfl past commander of En- 
campment, Xo. 12, L'. \'. L.. and at present 
is aide on the staft of the national comman- 
der. He has als') filled the office of Grand 
Regent (jf the Royal Arcanum. X'o man in 
the C'imnuniity stands liigher in the esteem 
of the pnblic than Judge Reeves. He has 
been identified with all the movements Icmik- 
ing to the advancement of the general wel- 
fare. The prestige of his past career and 
the ability he has shown at the bar give 
basis fiir the popular prophecy that he is 
now of the coming jurists of eminence. 


Jacob W'illjert is connected with farm- 
ing interests of Fairfield county and is also 
an agricultural implement dealer of Car- 
roll. He is one of the worthy citizens that 
German)' has furnished to the new world 
and his life record displays many of the 
sterling characteristics of the people of the 
fatherland. He was born near Bingen on 
the Rhine in Prussia in ]\L\y, 1S30. and his 
father, Valentine Wilbert, was also a native 
of the same locality, born in 1792. He was- 
a soldier and had many interesting stories 
to tell of his years' campaign under X'apo- 
leoii Bonaparte. By occupation he was a 
farmer, and after having heard man\- favor- 
able reports concerning the business opiX)r- 
tunities offered in the new world, he deter- 
mined to seek a home and fortune in the 

L'nited States. Accordingly with his wife 
and four children, he started for this coun- 
try, landing in Xew York in 1835. He then 
made his way to Buffalo, Cleveland and 
Lancaster, completing the journey by canal 
boat. He had intended going to St. Louis, 
but the lx>at in which he had taken voyage 
had snch a large numlier of passengers that 
it seemed over crowded and certainly very 
uncomfortable. \Mien they reached Lan- 
caster, a German residing here told him of 
the ad\-antages of this county and Mr. Wil- 
bert was thereby induced to locate here. 
For about three \ears he worked by the 
.day and then with the money which he had 
saved from his earnings, he purchased a 
farm near what is now Logan, Ohio. A 
year later, however, he sold that property 



and near Carrol! rcntcil a tract of land, on 
which he remained for >everal years, when' 
he purch.ased a ^nlall farm near the village, 
speraling the remainder of his active ca- 
reer upon ti'.at property. At length, how- 
ever, he decide<l to put aside the arduous 
cares of agricultural life, sold his farm and 
purchased a liome in Cam ill. where he lived 
in quiet retirement imm business luitil 
called to his final rest in 1877. He was 
the father of nine children, six of whom 
are yet ]i\ ing and four of the number are 
residents of Califc>rnia.. namely : \'aleutine, 
an eHgineer; Martin, a carriage dealer: 
Fred, a shc^e manufacturer; and Peter, who 
is engaged in the real estate business. ]vlary 
Ann became the wife of William Lake, a 
farmer of Illinois, Avho is now living retired 
at his home in Kankakee, that state. 

Jacob \\'ilbert. the sixth surviving mem- 
ber of the family, spent the first five years of 
his life in the fatherlan<.l and then accom- 
pauied his parents on their emigration to 
the new world, coming with them tr> Fair- 
field county. Under the parental roof he 
spent his childhi>xl and after arriving at 
years of maturity he married ]\Iis5 ^lary 
Ann, a daughter of Da\-id Flufford, a farm- 
er of Hocking county. Ohio. Xine children 
were born of this union, but three of the 
mimber died in early youth. The six yet 
living are as follows: Sarah, the wife of 
Anthony- Bender, of the finn of Bender 
Brothers, carriage manufacturers of Car- 
roll; David H., a locoinotive engineer re- 
siding in Fort Wayne. Indiana: Catherine, 
who married Frank S. Cams and resides 
on a farm adjoining Carroll : William W'.. a 
machinist and thresherman. who lives near 

Carroll; Rllen. the wife of Daniel Kide- 
nauer, a farmer living near the village; and 
Eliza, tlie wife of Ral[)h Coffnran. an agri- 
culturist of Crrccnfield township. Two of 
the sons. Daniel and Davitl. fi/ught through- 
out the Civil war in an Ohio regiment and 
were honorably discharged at the close of 

In Ids youth Jacob Wilbert, of this re- 
view, hatl attended the common sclit-ols and 
worked upon his father's farm, so that he 
was well ecjuipped to engage in agricultural 
pursuits on his own account at the time of" 
his marriage. In partnership with his fa- 
ther he operated a tract of laud until he had 
accumulated enough money to begin fr>r 
himself. He then rented a fami, upon which 
he remained for eighteen years and <a\ the 
expiration of that period he purchased his 
present property on section 7, Greenfield 
township, adjiiining the corporatir.n limits 
i;f Carroll. As his financial resources have 
increased he has extended the boundaries of 
his place by additional purchases until he 
ni>\v has one lunidretl and forty-five acres. 
On this stands a commodious dwelling, 
gwjd banis, a blacksmith shop and feed 
mills. For many years he has been tlealing 
in agricultural implements and is widely 
known for his success in business affairs. 
All that he possesses has been accpiired 
through his own efforts and his back record 
pro\es the potency of determination and en- 
ergy- wdien closely allied with sound busi- 
ness principles. 

In public office Mr. Wilbert has also 
been quite prominent. He has served for 
several years as township trustee and school 
directi'.r, but his business interests ha\e so- 


occupied his time that he lias u<>i cared to 
peek ot"hce. lie i> imw tlie vice-president nf 
the Farmers' liistittile (-it I'airticlil CMunty. 
He and liis wife are inemhers of the Meth- 
odist churcli and in tliat faith have reareil 
their children. l-"nr mi>rc than furty years 
he has lieen a chiss leader and his life cif 

uprightness. acti\ ity and honesty is one well 
wi-rthy of emulation. Thr.'Ugh the assist- 
ance of his estiniahle wife he has reared a 
family wlv^ are an hom n- to his name and 
with one e.xception all of their children are 
conit'ortahly situated within a mile of the 
]-;M-ental home. 


Dr. .Mcnhank is one of the Mjunger rep- 
resentatives of the medical fraternity in 
Fairfield, county, hut his years seem no bar 
to his ability or tc; his success, fur the form- 
er has l.ieen the means of gaining him a ver_\' 
creditable position as a practitioner of med- 
icine, his standing- in the fraternity beir^g- 
such as many an elder physician might well 
envy. He is now practicing in the village 
of Royaltun and is a worthy rejiresentative 
of an honored pioneer family of Fairfield 
county. Me was born in Berne township of 
this county. November 26, 1873. His pa- 
ternal grandparents are still living-, his 
■grandfather. William^ iNIonhank. now liv- 
ing- a retired life in the city of Lancaster. 
Throughi ut the years of his business activ- 
ity he carried on agricultural pur-^nits. His 
birth occurretl in Germany and when ab.xit 
twenty-one years of age he bade adieu to 
friends in the fatherland and sailed for the 
new u-orld. believing that he might improve 
bis financial condiiou in this countrv where 

opp.jrtunity and effort are not hampered by 
caste or class. He settled in Fairfield coun- 
ty and lor many }ears resided in Berne 
township, but during the last twenty years 
of his connection with agricultural pursuits 
he made his bo-me in Greenfield township. 
He is now about eighty-five vears of age, 
one of the revered patriarchs of th.e com- 
munity, venerated and respected by all wlio 
know him. His wife is also living at about 
the same age, and both enjoy good health. 
^Ir. Abjuhauk was one of the earlv settlers 
of the county and through many years lixed 
a most industrious life, his energv and un- 
flagging diligence enabling him to gradu- 
ally advance from an humble financial con- 
dition to a position of affluence. As his cap- 
ital increased he made judici'Xis invest- 
ments in pro[>erty and became the ovcner 
of a valuable farm and city realtv. He and 
his fannly are memljers of the Lutheran 
church and the name has ever been a syn- 
onvm fur all that is honorable in life. Unto 



;i<AKi-:OM .w y^^i 


tlie grandparent? of tlic Ductur \vcre Ixim 
nine children, and the family circle yet re- 
mains nnlunkcn h\ the liand nf death. 

The i^^'ents of the Doctor are WilHani 
D. and -Mary (^Ackers) Alonliank, and the 
father has heen identitied in h'airheld comity 
and is iipbnilding from an early history in 
its development. }-ie now resides in Berne 
townshii) at the age of fifty-eight years, and 
is a poiininent and iirosperous farmer and 
stock raiser. His farm is Kxatcfl oii the 
Sugar Gro\'e pike and comprises about two 
hundred acres of rich land, wliicli he pur- 
chased from his father abnut twenty years 
ago. He has made many improvements 
thereon, including the erection of a ku"ge, 
substantial brick resilience, a commodious 
barn and otiier neces>ary r,utbnil(lings. In 
fact, he lias made tlii- a nvutel farm and is 
accounted ciiie (,'f the most progressive as 
well as practical agriculturists of this por- 
tion of tlie state. His political support is 
given to the Democracy and while he al- 
ways casts his ballot in sujip^irt of its men 
and measures, he has never sought public 
office. He is devoted to all that tends to 
improve and further the interests of the 
community in which he lives, and his influ- 
ence has ever been i;>it the siile of the right, 
the true and the beautiful. He belongs to 
the German Lutheran ch.urch, nf which his 
wife is also a member. She was born in 
Fairheld cnmty and 'is a daughter of Daniel 
and Catherine (Klinker) Ackers. Her fa- 
ther now resides in Logan. Hrnrking coun- 
ty, and is a man i>f cimsiderable pn'ininence 
and wealth. Fr.r maiiy years he re>ided i:i 
Berne township. Fairfield county, Ohic, but 

has at length put aside business cares and 
in the enjoyment of a well earned rest 
makes his liome in Logan. Unto William 
D. and Mary ^lonhaiik were born two chil- 
dren. The daughter, Jvlinnie, is the wife of 
Charles Hummel, of Columbus, Ohio, who 
is in the employ of the street railwav com- 
pany there. They have four children. 
Charles, Randc.lph, ^Mildred and an infant. 
Reuben W. -\b>nhank, the subject of 
this review, was born November 20. 1873, 
and in the district schools of Plerne township 
began his education. When he had mas- 
tered the branches of learning usually 
taught in such institutions, he continued his 
studies in the high scIkjoI of the township. 
In the winter of 1890-1 and througli the 
succeeding winter he was a student in the 
preijaratory school in Lebanon, (Jhi.., hav- 
ing determined to enter upon the practice 
of medicine as his life work. He then be- 
gan preparation for the professi'-.n and en- 
tered the Ohio 3.1edical University at Co- 
lumbus, where he pu.rsued a complete ci'urse, 
being graduated in the spring of 1896. In 
the spring of the same year the college held 
a compjetitive examination for intenieship 
lor the Protestant Hospital at Cohimbus, 
and Dr. Monhank w as successfii! in winning 
the position, which he occupied for eight 
months. At the end of that period he lo 
cateil at Royalton, Fairfield county, where 
he at once began the practice of his profes- 
sion, which he has cr>ntinned since, his la- 
br>rs resulting in eiYecting many "nc table 
cures. He keeps in touch with the pin^gress 
made l;y the medical fraternitx' through his 
memlership in the State Medical S'.-ciety, 



wliere the excliaiigfe of thought and knowl- 
edge adds to tlie proficiency of all connected 
with the organization. The Doctor has a 
large and extensive country practice, cover- 
ing a radius of six or seven miles in each 
direction from Royalton. 

In April. ]Sg6, the Doctor was married 
in Lancaster to ^iliss Anna Crnit, a daugh- 
ter of William and }vJary (Kiger) Cruit. 
The lady was horn in Fairfield county, and 
their marriage has heen hlessed with two 
children: Mary, whose hirth cxcurred in 
Amanda township, Fairlield county, the ist 
of Septemher. 1897; and AX'illiam Chester, 
horn in the same township C'U the 2Sth of 
Jul} , 1899. 

Dr. !Monhank and his wife are devoted 
memljcr^ of the ^[ethr»list church, in which 

he has serve<l as one of the trustees and has 
fonnerly hcc-u recording steward. He is 
most earnest in his advocacy i>f the church 
and dues all in his power to [jromote its 
growth, and extend its intluence. .Sncially 
he is con.nected with the IMasonic frater- 
nity and the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, while in his [>olitical views he is a 
stanch Repuhlican. Idc lia^ no time i:r de- 
sire for puhlic oftice. however. prefevri:ig 
to give his entire attention to his profes- 
sional duties, which arc CMitinuall}" increas- 
ing, as his skill and ability are demonstrated 
bv successful practice. He has due re- 
gard for professional principles, his knowl- 
edge of the science of medicine is broad and 
comprehensive and already he has gained 
an enviable positir.n in his chosen calling. 


For ten years the Rev. John Gourley has 
been the pa-tur of the First Presliyterian 
chinxh <:if Lancaster and f' r a quarter of a 
century has devotetl his life to the hidy call- 
ing, in which his influence has been nf no 
restricted order. He has labored long and 
faithfully and there has not b,een denied 
him the full harvest nor the aftermath. His 
Consecration and zeal in the cause have re- 
sulted in advancing the gr<'.wth and influ- 
ence of the church and his efforts ha\e been 
a potent influence iri the church, of which 
he is still the pastor. 

Air. Gourley is a native i:f Pennsxhania, 
his birth having occurred in the vicinity of 
Greensburg, 17, 1850. His par- 
ents, Samu.el and Eliza (Clements) Gour- 
ley, were both natives (_>f the Keystone state. 
The family is of Scotch-Irish lineage, and 
the great-grandfather of our subject was 
the first of the name to seek a home in the 
new wirld, cn>ssin.g the Atlantic fr. m the 
Emerald Ldc in 1774. just the year befi>re 
the outbreak of the Rev. lutiouary war. His 
son, Jiihn G'.urley, the grandfather '.'f our 
subject, owned antl operated a farm in 

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Pennsylvania and there married Miss Mar- 
garet Stephenson. L'jHin the t-V\ family 
homestead, Samuel S. (/murle)- \v;is lidrn and 
reared and thrl>u^^!ltlut his entire life he en- 
gaged in ag-ricultiu"al jmrsuits. remaining a 
resident ni the Kcy>ti:'ne state until called 
to the Inime hey(jnd. His political support 
\\as gi\-en the Kepuhlican party Init he never 
turned a>ide trr-m tlie strict ]iath of busi- 
ness to enter the i)oliuc:il field. r.(_>th he 
and his wife were de\"ted members of the 
Presbyterian clunx-h and endeavored to 
bring- up their children in the fear and ad- 
nronition cf the Li^rd. 

Thu^ the Rev. John Gourley. now of 
Lancaster. \\as reared amid the rehning in- 
fluences of a gi fld Christian home. He 
■worked in the fields and aided in all the 
wivrk usuall}- rec|uired of boys of that pe- 
riod. He began his education in the com- 
mon school of the neighborhood and later 
continued his studies in Greensburg. Penn- 
sylvania. He next became a student in Sa- 
lem --\cadeniy and still later iit \\"ashington 
and Jefferson Cnllege. of Pennsylvania, in 
■which he was graduated with the class of 
1874. His literary education being com- 
pleted, he then liegan preparation for the 
high and holy ot'tices of the church, having 
determin.ed to devote hi? life tr. the work of 
the ministry. He entered the W'estern 
Tlieclogical Seminar}' at Allegheny City. 
Paiusylvania. and was graduated in 1877. 
"He at rnce entered ujxmi the work for which. 
tlie years of jirevious study had been a prej)- 
aration. beco-ming pastor of the First Pres- 
byterian ch.urch in Indiana ci>iuUy. where he 
reiriained for si.x \ears. For se\en years he 
was located at Lewistown. Pemisvlvania, as 

liastor of the Fir-^t Presbyterian church, a 
large and influential <jnc. and in iS()3 he 
came to Lancaster to accept the pa.storate 
of the First Preslwterian church here. Ten 
year.-. Iia\e since pa>.-ed, during which tinic 
the church has matle a steady and healthful 
growth, now ha\ ing a membership of two 
hundred and fifty. The house of wr-rshij). 
which is a handsome structure, wa- erected 
in i8y_'. it is built in a nioilern and attrac- 
tive stN'Ie of arcitecture and the seating is 
well planned for the comfort of the five hun- 
dred auditors who can there be accommo- 
dated. It was erected at a cost of twenty 
thousand dollars and is free from The 
church work is well organized in its various 
departments and is a potent element in the 
moral de\'el(.pment and prt^gress of tlie com- 

On the -'4th of May. 1877, Rev. Gour- 
ley led to the marriage altar Miss Lizzie A. 
FIar\ey. of Delmont. Penns}l\ania, a 
daughter of Jose^ih and Mary A. ( Metz- 
fer ) Har\ey. The marriage has been blessed 
with ti\e children: Frank B., a resident of 
Lancaster; Mary E.. Josq^h Harvey. John 
Steele and Margaret Stephenson. }et under 
the parental roof. 

Ivev. Gourley is the state clerk of the 
Presliytery of Columbus, and is widely 
known in Presbyterian circles as oiie <;if the 
gifted ministers of the denominatiiii. A 
man of strong intellect and broad human 
sympathies, his argument and oratory are 
many times effecti\e in inducing hearers 
to follow higher ideals in life and his zeal 
and earnestness in l>ehalf ( f the church ha\e 
C'jntributed in effective iiieasure to its 
growth and upbuilding. 

\'\u-'.; 'r.y. ?u\T 

I, .r;: ^^l,.l-<'\ v,;.] 


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The business interests of Carroll are 
\\ell represented 1j_\' Perry T. Sto\er. an eu- 
terprisino- harness maker of that place, 
whose present Imsiness has been coiulucteil 
so .capably that he has gained gratifying- 
success and at the same time has won the 
confidence and p^ood will of the public. lie 
is one of Fairfield county's native sons, for 
his birth occurred January 25. 1851. uiK^u 'a 
farni owned l<y his maternal g-randfather. 
Jkladisrn Jones, in .Madison township. His 
father. Simt;n Stover, was born in 1S2S on 
his father's farm in I'ennsyhania and was 
a representative of an old Pennsylvam'a 
Dutch family. His educational and other 
advantages were limited but he possessed 
resolution and enterprise and these quali- 
ties enabled him to advance steadily in his 
business career. In early manh'-:">d he mar- 
ried ^Margaret Jones, a daughter of Madi- 
son Jones, a i;;rmer and tanner, who was 
also e\tensi\-ely engaged in the cultivation 
of grapes in eastern Pennsylvania, where 
he owned about one thousand acres of lanrl. 
It was about 1835 that Simon Stover, the 
father of our subject, came to Fairfield 
county, taking up his abode upon a tract of 
land in Mtidiscn township, where he re- 
mained with his father initil reaching man's 
estate. Later lie engaged in general mer- 
chandising at Lockville. Iiut after a few 
years he s.^ld that business and removed to 
Columbus. Ohio, where he spent the remain- 
der of his business career as a traveling 
salesman, representing a dr\- goods j(^bbing 
house of the capital city. There his death 

occiu"red in 1892. He left se\en children: 
Frank, wh" is now a yanlmasler at St. 
Louis: William, a railroad man of the same 
city: Jane, the wife of a cigar manufacturer 
of Cuddingti-n, Kentucky; Clara, the wife 
of Miltcn Sanford, a bridge contracl'ir of 
C'jlumbus, Ohio: Harriett, who married 
Xelsiin Brink, also of Columbus: and .-Mice, 
the widow of Charles Angel, of the same 

Perry T. Stover, the seventh surviving 
member of tb.e family, learned the harness- 
making Itusiness in all its branches and is 
a thorough and expert workman. His suc- 
cess is largely due to the fact that he has ap- 
plied himself with unremitting diligence to 
the work in which, as a young tradesman, 
he embarked. Many of the failures of life 
come through lack of close application and 
the tendeiicy to continually change ones oc- 
cupatii'n, Imt Mr. Stover has persevered in 
the pur.suit of a persistent puri^se and his 
efforts have been so discerningly directed 
along lines of industrial activity that he is 
nr)W at the head of a good business and is 
accounted one of the hmiored and Iimui ar- 
able merchants of the pretty and thri\ing 
town of Carroll. 

On the Qth of Alay, 1878. occurred the 
marriage of ^^r. Stover and Miss Margaret 
JohnsiMi. a daughter of Squire A. J. John- 
son, a merchant and wood dealer of Lith"|>- 
olis. who came to this city from Rocking- 
ham, A'irginia. The marriage i^f Mr. and 
Mrs. Sto\er has been blessed with t\^■^> clu'l- 
dren: .-Mice, born Sei>tember 5. 1879. is 



the wife oi \\'illiam I.iest. a ninlder. resid- 
ing in Lancnster : and Lillic }vi., born Xo- 
\cnil)er j, 1881. is tlie wife of Delliert An- 
thony, a niolder, r,f Carroll. Our subject 
aud his wife have a pleasant home in Car- 
ri.>ll. where he has spent the g'leatcr jiart of 
his life and where he declares lie will re- 
main until called to the home l)evond. Pie 

has received fair treatment at the hands of 
his fellow townsmen because he has ren- 
dered .sucli to them, and a> the years have 
pa-^jcd he has c^radually increased his bu;i- 
ness and beci^me a prosper^'us merchant 
here. In the siirino- of iqqj he was elected 
bv the town a^ marshal for a term r;f tv,-o 


John B. Keller was for luany years suc- 
cessfully e\igag;ed in the groceiy business 
in Lancaster, hut ha- now retired from mer- 
cantile interests and gis-es his attention only 
to the supervisirm of liis farms and to his 
invested interests. He is a native of Plesse- 
Darmstadt. Germany, where his birth oc- 
curred on the 14th of A])ril. 1S39. His 
father. John Keller, was a native of the 
same locality and there acquired a good 
common school education and was married. 
About 1854 he emigrated with liis family to 
the L'nited States, taking passage on a sail- 
ing vessel, which, after a voyage rvf five 
weeks, dn'ipped anchor in the harlxir of 
Xew York. Fnmi the eastern metropolis 
Mr. Keller made his way at once to Lancas- 
ter. Ohio, where he reiriained until his death. 
His wife had passed away in her native land 
• luring the infancy of her son. L^hn B. 

John B. Keller was eighteen years of 
age when he came to tiie United States. 
\\'h:!e in the ohl camtrv he had learned 

the miller's trade, which he continued to 
follow for SL'me }ears. At Lancaster. Ohio, 
he entered the service of ?^Ir. Seifred. for 
whom he worked for eighteen months, after 
which he accepted a clerkship in a grccery 
store at Logan. Ohio, but at the outbreak 
of the Ci\'il war he returned to Lancaster 
and joined a company, which was here be- 
ing raised fi^- a service of three months. It 
became Company D. of the Seventeenth 
Ohio \"olunteer Infantry, ami was cni- 
nianded by Colonel C(^nnell. The regiiuent 
\\as ordered to ^\■est A'irginia to .guard 
points in that state. On the expiration of 
three months ^Fr. Keller re-enlisted in the 
same company l(n- three years. This com- 
mand was ordered to Kentucky and took 
part in the battle of Mill Spring and later 
in the engagements at [Nlurfreesboro, Perry- 
ville and Chickamauga. At the last named 
place he was se\-erely wounded by a g'tm- 
shi it thrr)ugh the left elbow. It disaliier! him 
for further diUv and he was t'len taken to 



the hospital ai Chickaniauga ami some- 
time aftenvanl was sent tij Xashville. Ten- 
nessee, and then to Louisville, Kentucky, 
and subseciuently to Cincinnati. Ohio, where 
he ranained in C;unj> Dennis'jn until hon- 
orably discharged on the 28th of May, 1S63, 
At the close of his military services Mr. 
Keller returned to Logan, Ohio, where he 
established a .griKcry store, which he con- 
ducted on his own account. In April, 1865, 
however, he returned to Lancaster and here 
engaged in the grocery trade, building up 
a large and profitable business, which he 
conducted until 1889, when he retireil from 
mercantile life, and his son, Chris, took 
charge of the business, and is riow proprie- 
tor of two of the most modern and uf>-tc>- 
date grocery stores in the city, lie is also 
president of the Lancaster board of trade. 
Mr. Keller's business career was without 
exciting incidents or speculation, and along- 
legitimate lines of trade he gained a hand- 
some competence. He now devotes his time 
to farming. His lands are well tilled un- 
der his super\ision, emplo\i!''.g hired help. 
and upon the farms are a large number of 
hogs and cattle. Mr. Keller owns valuable 

city projienics and having thus made judi- 
cious inve-^tments in real estate is now ac- 
counted one I'f the prosper' ;us citizens of 
the community. 

Li 1865 our subject was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Elizaljetli Hartman, also a 
nati\-e i>f Hesse-Darmstadt, German}-, and 
a daughter of Henry and Eva (Lnii^) 
ILirtm.'m. In their family are eight chil- 
dren, two sons and si.K daughters, namely: 
Christian, Christine, Elizabeth, John. Mar- 
garet. Rose, Ida and Clara. In his pi litical 
views Mr. Keller is a Democrat, with hrm 
faith in the principles of the part}-, and up'.in 
that ticket he was elected to the cit}' coun- 
cil, in which be served for five years. He 
and his family are members of the German 
Lutheran church and are people of tlie high- 
est respectability, enjoying the warn-i regard 
of all who knuw them. ^Ir. Keller owes liis 
advancement in life to his own efforts, his 
sterling worth, his integrity abo^•e question, 
his indefatigable industry an.d strong reso- 
lution — the-e have been his salient charac- 
teristics and have wi n him an enviable p.^- 
sitii" n among the substantial residents of his- 
adopted county. 


One of the beautiful country homes of 
Fairheld ccjunty is that occupied by Thomas 
Gingrich, of Amanda township. It is a 
large and ci>nimi >dious brick structure, which 

was erected at a cost of three thousand '!ol- 
lars and forms a most pleasing feature in the- 
landscape. It stands in the midst of a \-al- 
ual.)Ie and constanth' cultivated farm, which 



indicates careful supervision an.d a progres- 
sive and practical spirit. He is classed 
among- the highly respected citizens of tl;e 
county and well does he de.-er\e to he thus 
ranked. Mis l.irth occurred near .Aleyers- 
town. I.ehannn c- unty, Pennsylvania, on the 
2Jd of March. 1831. His father. Michael 
Gingrich, was h-orn in the same county and 
there spent his entire life. When the dav? 
of his mini:rity were pa>t he S(.iught a com- 
panion and hel]:mate for life's journey ami 
■chose Polly .Moore, also a native of the Key- 
stone state. 'Idiey lived up;.in a farm in Leb- 
ani;ii Count}- ai-id were peojilc of respectabil- 
ity and w rlh. The father was a prosperi-ms 
and enterprising man in. his community, and 
accimiulated ccnsiderable property, becom- 
ing the owner of several famis. His death 
occurred in the place of his nativity when he 
was about seventy-seven year> of age, and 
his wife passeil au-ay in the saii-ie county 
when rur suhject w-as only six years of age. 
Both held membership in the Lutheran 
church and were earnest Christian people. 
In tlieir family were eiglit children, but onl} 
three of the r.un-ilier are now- living. Our 
subject was the third in order of birth. His 
brc>thers are : Peter, who makes his home 
in Lebanrai, Pennsylvania, and is connecteil 
with the iron furnaces, where his children 
are also employed: and John, a substantia! 
and prr:gressi\-e farmer of Illinois. 

Thomas Gingrich pa-sed the days of his 
boyhood and youth in the county of his 
birth, and when twenty-one years of age he 
came to Obi.* and took up his abode in Lil)- 
ertv township. Faiitield ci unty. w-here lie 
remained for fourteen years. He then en- 
gaged in the milling business, purchasing 

the old Jh-ight mill in Liberty town-hip. 
Subsequently he removed to Amanda t'jw n- 
ship an.! heated on the farm .m which lie 
now resides, comprisitig one h.untlre.I and 
sixty acres of rich. aral)le and valuable 
land. He tilled it and placed it under a 
high state of cultivation. It is now rented 
by his ciiildrcn. who are prospering finely. 
Stock raising also claims a part of their at- • 
lentiiin. The h.iine is not only one r f the 
tinest Country residences in this part of the 
state. l)ut is also* celebrated for its gracious 
hospitality. Mr. Gingrich put up barns and 
other buildings, secureil the latest improved 
machinery to facilitate farm w-i;rk antl added 
all the modern ecjuipmeras and accessories 
known to a n-iodel farm of the tw-entieth 
century. So when it came into the hands 
of the present owners it was one of the best 
farms in the county. As the financial re- 
sources of the family have increased they 
have als(j extended the bxmdaries of the 
place by tiie additional [mrchase of fortv 
acres, which is now- owned by the children 
and which is maintaineil as a sej'arate farm 
by itself. 

In all his work ^Mr. Gingrich was as- 
sisted and encouraged by his wife, who in 
her maidenhooil bore the name of Emdine 
Kissenger. She was born in Berks cjuntv, 
Penn.sylvania, and w hen abuit twelve or fif- 
teen years of age came to Ohio. She was a 
devoted member of the Evangelical church, 
and was a kind and In-ing w-ife and mother. 
Her death came as a great bhnv to her fam- 
ily. She passed away on the sixty-eighth 
anni\-ersary of her birth. d_\ing on the 23d 
of February. 1901. Four of her seven chil- 
dren survise her: Millie, who. is the wife 

W^jiVA \Kj^V\-M,Av)0\ii ;\\.V' 

■1 -jK, vi:- 


indicates careful sui)ervisi..n ami a prugres- 
sive and praclical spirit. He is cla-scd 
anions- the liighly rcspx-ctcd citizens of tlie 
county and well dnc,-. lie de-er\e to be thus 
ranked. Mis l.irth occurred near Meyers- 
town. Ixhannn county. I'ennsyhaiiia. on the 
22d ot March. iS^^i. Tlis father. Alichad 
Gingrich. \\a> l>orn in the same county and 
there spent his entire life. When the day.=; 
of his mim-rity were i)a>t he staiglit a coni- 
paniciu and hel])mate fur life's i.urney and 
chose Polly M( ore. also a native ('f the Key- 
stone state. They lived upon a farm in Leb- 
an.(;n d^unty anfl \vere penjilc i^f resiiectabil- 
ity and w > rth. Idle father was a prospercius 
and enteri)rising man in. his ci nuiiunity, and 
accumulated ci nsiderable property, becom- 
ing the owner of several farms. Ilis death 
ficcurred in the place oi his nativity when he 
\\as aliiut se\'enty-seven year- of age. and 
his wife passed awa_\' in the same county 
when lur .-uhject was only six; years of age. 
Both held membership in the Lutheran 
church and were earnest Gn-istian people. 
Ill tlieir family were eight children, hut onI_\- 
three of the numljer are m-w living. Our 
subject was the third in order of birth. His 
brothers are: Peter, who makes his home 
in Lebanon, Pennsyhania. and is connecteil 
with the iron furnaces, where his children 
are also employed: and John, a substantial 
and progressive farmer of Illinois. 

Thomas Gingrich parsed the days of his 
boyhood and youth in the county of his 
l)irtli. and when twenty-i'iie }ear5 of age he 
came to Ohio and to(ik up his abode in Lil> 
erty township. Faiiiield county, wdiere he 
remained f(->r fourteen years. He then en- 
gaged in the milling business, purchasing 

the old Bright mill in Liberty towndiip. 
Subsequently he removed to Amanda t'jwn- 
ship ant! heated on the farm on which lie 
now resides, comprising one h.undre<l and 
sixty acres of rich, arable and valuable 
land. He tilled it and placed it under a 
high state of cultivation. It is noAv rented 
by his children, who are [jrospcring bnelv. 
Stock raising also claims a part of their at- • 
tenticni. The home is not only one of the 
finest Country residences in this part of the 
state. Init is also celebrated for its gracious 
lior^pitality. Mr. Gingrich put up barns and 
other luiildings. secured the latest imijroved 
machinery to facilitate farm work and added 
all the modern equipments and accessories 
knoAvii to a model farm of the twentieth 
century. So when it came into the hands 
of the present owners it was one of the best 
farms in the county. As the financial re- 
sources of the family have increased they 
have also extended the boundaries of the 
place by tiie additional purchase of forty 
acres, which is now owned by the children 
and which is maintained as a separate farm 
by itself. 

In all his work Mr. Gingrich was as- 
sisted and encouraged by his wife, wdio in 
her maidenhood bore the name of Enieline 
Kissenger. She was b(jrn in Berks count v, 
Pennsxlvania. and when alxnit twelve or fif- 
teen years of age came to Ohio. She w as a 
devoteil member of the Evangelical church, 
and was a kind and Iwing wife and mother. 
Her death came as a great blow to her fam- 
ily. She passed away on the sixtv-eightli 
anniversary of her birth, dying ,>n the 2y\ 
of February. 190 1. Four of her seven chil- 
dren survive her: Millie, wlio is the wife 


of Chailei Buicher>. a resident fnrmer of lia> never had any desire fiT public otticc 
Amanda townsliip, l»y whom siic has inie and takes no active part in political work. 
daui,diter, [.ncille: Isaac, win* i-^ at home: He is, hi'wever, a public-spirited citizen. 

Laura, who ii-x ten years engaged in school 
teaching in Amaiula; and Flora ].. also 
under the jjarental roof. Those who have 
passed away are: W'ilHam S., who died at 
the age of five }cars ; Allie. who died at 
the age of .sixteen years: and Charles, who 
died at the at:e C'l twentv-cmc. Mr. Ging- 

who co-opcratcs in all measures for the gen- 
eral good. He belongs to the Evangelical 
.\ssociatiou, with which he has been identi- 
tied for forty-fi\'e years. Jn the upbuililing 
of the church in his town.-^hip he has taken 
an acti\e and help.ful interest and given 
freelv of h\> time and means for the pro- 

rich votes with the Democratic party, but moti<-in of the cause. 


Those who have contributed in any 
measure to public good, who ha\ e promoted 
business affairs, who ha\e aided in the work 
of advancing the general welfare, deserve 
mention in the history of the county in 
which they have lived. Harry Augustus 
Prtmero}' Hill was a citizen of worth, highly 
respected in Fairfield county. He was bi;>rn 
in Washington county. Ohio, May 3, iSjS. 
His father. Flarry Hill, was also a native of 
that county, born in 17S3, and in the year 
1840 he came with his family to this portion 
of the state, settling in Clarksburg, where 
he made his home until called to his final 
rest. He was a colonel in 'the home mi- 
litia (A Washington county. He also served 
as justice of the peace a great many years 
and in religious belief he was a Presbyte- 

Harrv A. P. Hill obtained his early ed- 

ucati' n in the district schovils of his native 
county anil later cr-ntinued his studies in 
the public sch'jols of this county. \\'hen 
about nineteen c>r twent}- years of age he 
went to work for his father upon the farm 
and was thus engaged until he Ijegan farm- 
ing on his own account in (irder to maintain 
his home. As a companion and helpmate 
for the journey of life he cheese Miss Lu- 
cinda Alford, a native of P.urlington. \'er- 
mont. She was one of a family of nine 
children b<~irn unto James and Almira 
(Chase) Alfi')rd, natives of the Green M(am- 
tain state. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. 
Hill was celebrated in 1850 and was blesseil 
with four children, namely: Edward A. 
P., a resident of Columbus, C)hio. married 
Agnes F!r>ra Baumgardner. and they have 
one child. Cly<le B. ; Lizzie Elien is the wife 
of 'M. B. Prindle, of Charlestown, West Vir- 



ginia. and the mother of twa children, Kate 
Hill and Helen ^[aria; Kate Lnelhi is at 
home with Iier mother: Charles William 
passed away in 19CX) at the aqe of tliirty- 
se\-en years. He married Amy Ackers, who 
i? still li\-ing and they became the parents 
■of three children : Florence, who passed 
away June 22. 1901 : Ruth M. and Helen L. 
When thirty-three years of age Harry 
A. P. Hill located upon the home farm, at 
that time comprising ninety-seven and one- 
lialf acres of good land. He possessed 
strong literary tastes antl when not engaged 
■'.Ntth the duties of the farm was always 
reading, thus gradually extending his know 1- 
edge into many channels. He took a deep 
and active interest in everything j>ertain- 
ing to the pulilic welfare and withheld his 
support trc»m no mrivement or measure 
-which he believed would benefit his fellow- 
men. He was largelv instrumental in se- 

curing the building of the new road thirteen 
years ago. It was constructed east and west 
from the state road to the farm pike ami as 
a public highway ha> pro\ed of great value. 
In his political \ icw s ^Ir. Hill was a Re- 
publican, who served as supervisor and as 
scboc'l director for a number of years. He 
w-as a member and steward of the MetlKKlist 
Episcopal church an<I all of his family re- 
tained membership with that den(.>mination. 
Domestic in his tastes and hal)its. he fnuml 
his greatest happiness when with his wife 
and children at his own fireside and he con- 
sidered ViO persona! sacrifice too great that 
w-riuld promote the welfare or enhance the 
happiness of his fann'ly. His loss was there- 
fore very greatl_\- felt by them, and the en- 
tire communit}- mourned c-ne whom it had 
known only to respect and honor. He 
passed away April 15. 1891. after a linger- 
ing illness r»f twentv-twc^ months. 


Henry Dresbach Drum, a farmer and 
dairyman, residing on section 17. Green- 
field township, was born in Lancaster, Ohio, 
June 3, 1829. His father. Henry Drum, 
was a native of \'irginia and married Ma- 
ria Hauchnian. who was a native <.f Mary- 
land. They came to Lancaster in 181 7 and 
the father established a ccoper sh-*p. in the 
conduct of which enterprise he ntet with 
gratifving success. With the money thus 
acquireii he entered into partnership with a 

Mr. McCrackens in the establishment of a 
general mercantile sti;re. After a number 
of years, however, lie sc:>ld his interest in 
that business, but conducted his cooper shop 
for some time thereafter. For many years 
he was a justice of the peace and was serv- 
ing as postmaster of Lancaster at the time 
of his death in March, 1835. He left a 
widow and seven children, two of w hont are 
still living, the younger being Jacc4>, who 
resides at Fort Scott, Kansas. 

■A'A ■;■'.■ \.\ .w, 



Tlie elder. Henry Dresbacli JJnini, spent 
his earlv drivs ui)'. n a farm .and faithfully 
t';;gaL;ed in the >>iieratiiiu of a pi rtahlc saw- 
niili. lie uftercd hi-; service-- l<. the i;iiveni- 
luont as a L'ninn si;ldier at the time of the 
Civil war but was rejected un accuunt uf 
disability. Later, when the !j;overni.r of 
Ohio called fca- volunteers to protect the 
iitate froui the threatened invasion, he was 
among the first to re--ipond ti> the call. The 
Company elected Kit Ruffner as its captain 
ar.d they were known as the Squirrel Hun- 
ters. Each man brought his rille and am- 
munilii:>n and some pro\-isions to the fields 
of encampment. Om- subject still has his 
di-chatge jiapers in which he was called 
Dresbach Drum, a^ that was tlie name by 
which he went into the service in order to 
be distinguished from his father, whose 
first name was Henry, the same as his own. 
The discharge papers bear the names of Da- 
vid Tod, go\enior. P. P. Lane, colonel com- 
manding, and ^Lajor ^Lalcolm McDowell. 
Mr. Drum also has another historical doc- 
ument, a transcript of the resolutions of 
thanks to the Stjuirrel Hunters, passed by 
the Ohio legislature ^Larch 4, 1S63, signed 
by the governor. 

On the iSth of September. 1S65, Mr. 
Drum was united in marriage bv the Rev. 

Th' mas Drake to Susan I-"etters, a daugli- 
ter of Thomas Letters, a farmer near ]..;ui- 
casier. who was born i>u the iM family 
homc-tcad which bi> father had entered 
from the go\-ernnicnt many years before, 
b'nto Mr. aiul Mrs. Drum ha\e been born 
fi\-e children, but Sarah tlied in early wom- 
anhoo.l. ■]'ho>e still living are: Mary J., 
Cora IJ. and Maude ^L. who are at home; 
and Th.nnas H., who wedded Mary Gier- 
hardt an.d resides on one rf the okl home 
farms in a new house built for him just op- 
posite the f)arental home. 

In earl_\- life Mr. Drum was a Jackson 
Democrat, gi\ing his support to that party 
until the inauguration of the Civil war, since 
which time he has supported the Republi- 
can party. He and his family attend the 
r^Iethodist church and as a citizen he is 
deeply interested in e\'erything- pertaining to 
the welfare and progress of the cornmunity. 
Mr. Drunfs time is largely occupied by his 
extensive business and is thereb_\- winning" 
creditable success. He has a large herd of 
Jersey cattle which he has bred up to a high 
standard. His farm is kxated along the 
Lancaster pike within a mile of Carroll and 
its high state of fertility can be judged from 
the fact that recently he sold twenty acres 
for one hundred dollars per acre. 


Ambrose Larger is a prosperous and en- long been a factor in public life, serving as 

terprising business man w hose well directed postmaster of Hamburg for many years, and 

efforts indicate his capability, his keen dis- is a most highly respected citizen, 
cerninent and resolute firmness. He has Mr. Larger was born in Alsace. France. 



ni)\v a province of Ciermany, on the 13th 
of April, 1850. and i^ a S'.ii of Francis Lar- 
ger, who .-:er\-eil in liie Frcncli army for 
fourteen years. Bv (jCL-upation he was sta- 
tionary engineer and he spent his life in his 
native country, dying in .Msace. w liere his 
\\ ife also spent her entire life. In tlieir fani- 
ily were hve children, three sons and two 
daughters, of whom n.-ur are still living- : 
Francis, -whi^ died in Alsace when alx)ut 
sixty years of age: Aloysius. wlio was a 
member of the French army and is ni;>w em- 
ployed as an engineer in the watch factory 
in Columbus, Ohio: Josephine, the widow 
of Jacob Bobenrietii, by whom she had a 
son, Joseph, now residing with his niother 
in Felleringer. Alsace; Margaret, the wife 
of Joseph Sifferlen. who is employed as a 
car repairer in the railroad slumps in Colum- 
bus, and by whom she has two children. Am- 
brose and Joseph : and Ambrose, w ho is the 
subject of this review and the youngest of 
the sons of the family. 

Anibrose Larger spent the l^r^t seven- 
teen years of his life in the land of 
his nativity, during which time he attended 
the public schixls. In the year 1867 he 
crossed the Atlantic t>^ the L'nited States 
and lauded at Xew- York. InU did not tarry 
long in th.e eastern metropolis, making his 
wa\ to Lancaster. Ohio, where he had an 
uncle who was engaged in the tanning busi- 
ness. This was Joseph W'i-sang. and Mr. 
Larger remained \vith him. assisting him 
in the wi >rk of the tannery until the death 
of Mr. Wissang, which occurred in 1876. 
In that year Mr. Larger went to Cincinnati, 
where he completed the task of learning the 

tanner's trade. For two years he remained 
in that cily and then returned to Friirlieid 
County, taking charge of the tanncrv at 
Hamburg, in Mocking township. This he 
conducted until about 1885. lie was ap- 
pointed postmaster oi llambnrg by Tresi- 
<lent (iran.t and served tnitil the office was 
discontinued. Later, however, the office 
was re-established and he was reai)pointed 
by rre>ident Clevel.ind, serving during both 
administrations of that IJentocratic execu- 
tive, although he is a stanch Republican. 
He then resigned and went to Coluntbus, 
where he accepted a position as car inspec- 
tor, remaining in the capital city for four 
years. On the expiration of that period he 
returned to Hamburg and was reappointed 
postmaster by President McKinley in 189S, 
since which time he has omtinnouslv served. 
In connection with discharging the duties 
r>f this office he is als<_T conducting a grocery 
store, the only one at Hamburg. It is well 
stocked with a large and carefully selected 
line of staple and fancy groceries an.d lie is 
enjoying the liberal patronage which comes 
from many of the leading farmers through- 
out this portion of the country. 

On the 14th of June. 1S81, Mr. Larger 
was united in marriage in Lancaster to 
Miss L^'ivina Brown, who was born in Lan- 
caster and is a daughter of Francis Brown, 
a stoneinason who folli-)wefl his trade for 
many years in the county seat. Their wed- 
ding has been blessed with three children: 
Ainiie. who is nc)w- nineteen years cf age: 
Frank, who is attending school: and Ed- 
ward, who is also pursuing his education. 
All of the children were born in Hocking- 



townshij'i. Mr. Larp:er and his fannly are 
coinmunicants 01 die Rnmaii CailiMlic 
cluircli. He {-: truly a setf-niade man, for 
lie had no capital \vlien. attracted by the op- 
portunities of the new world, he crossed the 
briny deep. He placed his dependence upon 
earnest effort, unremitting- diligence and 
laudable ambition, and graduallv he has ad- 

vanced until he has acquired a handsome 
cr^mpetonce. He is held in high c.>icein by 
his fellow citizcn^ as a man of upright deal- 
ing, and that he is a worthy public orticer is 
strongly indicated by tlie fact that he has 
been so long continued in the position of 
po.stmaster under several ditferent adminis- 


Among the business men whose progres- 
sive and enterprising efforts contribute to 
the substantial upbuilding and commercial 
activity of Amanda is George A. Lutz, a 
member of the tirm of Lutz Pirothers. deal- 
ers in dry goods and groceries. Throughout 
his entire life he has resided in Ohio, and 
is a representati\e of one of its honored piij- 
neer families. His birth occurred in Sale 
Creek township, Pickaway county, on the 
13th of July, 1S58. His father, Levi Lutz, 
was born in the same township in 1S30. but 
the grandfather, John Lutz, was a native of 
Berks county, Pennsylvania. His brother, 
Samuel, lived to the advanced age of one 
hundred and two years. It was John' Lutz 
who established the family in Ohio, emi- 
grating to Picka\vay county, where he cast 
in his lot with the early settlers. Amid 
the wild scenes of frontier days Le\i Lutz 
was reared and assisted in the arduous task 
of developing and cultivating a new farm. 
He married Hannah IMowery, who was 
born in Salt Creek township, Pickaway 

county, in 183 J. Her father, Peter ^^low- 
ery, was a native of Pennsylvania and a 
representative of an old Dutch family. He, 
too. was numbered among the early settlers 
of Pickawa}- county. In the year 1S59 ^l""^ 
father of our subject removed with his fam- 
ily to Fairfield county and settled on a farm 
one and a quarter miles south of Amanda. 
There his wife died in the spring of 1870. 
She was the mother of seven children : Sarah 
E., who died in 1883; (ieorge A., the sub- 
ject of this re\iew ; Laura A. : Carrie J., who 
died in 18S4; Emma 'SI., the wife of Por- 
ter Conrad, a farmer who resides in Aman- , 
da tov.-nship; Edmund, a member of the firm 
oi Lutz Brothers; and Milton C. 

In the usual manner of farm lads of the 
period George A. Lutz was reared. The 
sun shown down upon many a field which 
he plowed and planted, for he assisted in 
the farm -work through the summer months 
and in the winter season attended the 
schools of Clear Creek township, remaining 
upon the home farm until twenty-five years 


of age. In 1SS3 lie was united in marriage 
to Miss Ella Kietaber, of Clear Creek town- 
ship, a daughter of Bernard and Elizabeth 
(Brown) Kiefabcr. The young couple be- 
gan their domestic life in Clear Creek town- 
ship, but in 18S7 removed tu Tennes?ee. 
spending four }eais upon a farm in Obion 
county. On the e.xpiration of that period 
they took up their aliode in Oakland. Fair- 
field county, Ohio, where Mr. Lutz engaged 
in merchandising fur ten \ears. On the e.\- 
piration of that [)erii >d he came to .\manda 
township and slmju afterward scttleil in the 
village of .Amanda, where he and his brother 
established their present store under the 
firm name of Eutz Brothers. Here tliey are 
carrying' a large and well selected stock of 
general merchandise and receive a liberal 

The home of 'Wv. and ^Vlrs. Eutz has 

been blessed with four children: Eeslie K., 
\\illie Al., l"icd .\. and Estellc. The par- 
ents are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, take a very active part in its wurk 
and contribute liberally to its support. .Mr. 
Eutz is now serving as one of its trustees 
and for a number of years has been a teacher 
in the Sunday-scbi ml. He served as post- 
m;isicr in Clear Creek township, and has 
also been called upim to administer estates. 
Fraternally he is dmnected with Central 
.'^tar Eodge, X(). 489, K. P. EEs life record 
shows that the qualiiicatii.ins necessary for 
success are a higli ambition and a resolute, 
honorable purpose to reach the standard that been set up. From an early da}- he has 
been dependent upon his r)wn resources and 
has won tlie proud .\merican title of a self- 
made man. He enjoys the esteem and con- 
fidence of all who know him. 


Aloys Fromlet. a .^ciu of Joseph and 
Barbara (Frick) Fromlet. v,-as born May 
I, 1850. in Eeichtenslein. a small pnjvince 
on the bortler of Switzerland. His jiarents 
and four children, of whom .\loys was the 
voungest. emigrated to this country in the 
spring of 185 1 and landed at Xew Orleans 
during the cholera epidemic. The mother 
and one child succumbed to the dread dis- 
ease before the family reached St. Eoui^ 
and were buried near Cairo. Illinois. The 

father and his three bo}'S. I^eter, Ferdinand 
and Aloys, located in DaMon, Ohio, where 
he enlisted in the Union army and served 
itntil the clijse of the Cisdl war. when he 
returned to Dayton, and resided there until 
the close of his life, in 1888. The family 
name was originally Fromelt. 

.\lo_vs learned the trade of a tinner in 
Cinciimati, Oliio. and in 1870 he located in 
Rantoul. lllinoi>, where he engaged in. the 
tin and hardvvare business. On tlie 19th of 


December, 1S72, he was married to Miss 
Margaret Karr, of Champaign county. Illi- 
nois, who died ]\Iarch \-'. 1879, le.-nipjj one 
child, Laura ]\Laude, wlm still survive^ her 
father. In 1880 he removed to Chicago. 
where he remained several \ears, and then 
located in .\iiclerson, Indiana, where he con- 
(.lucted a dry griods and millinery si<Tre im- 
til 1889. when he came to Lancaster, Ohio, 
and ojjcned the store called the Lion store, 
Frondet Brothers S: W'arrl being' partners, 
to which business Mr. Frondet succeeded 
as sole owner in 1895. 

On the 1 8th of June, 1S9G, ^^Ir. Fr-mdet 
was united in marriage to ]\Iiss Julia E. 
Beck, the only surviving dauglner of 

the late George G. and Maria Louise 
Beck. On March 8, 189;. after a shurt ill- 
ness, he passed in the great be_\c>nd,' when 
in his fort}-seventh year. \\ here\er he had 
resided he had gained many warm friends, 
his affable and courteous manner> and his 
uiiright way in conducting his business 
winning for him the confidence and esteem 
of all with whom he had any dealings. lie 
was the first dry goods merchant in Lan- 
caster t'l introduce the cash system. After 
his death his daughter Maude purchased an 
interest in his business with J. O. James as 
partner. The following year, however, she 
sold out to Mr. James and went to London, 
England, where she has since resi<levl. 


IJerbert F. Mechling. who is capably 
filling the office of city clerk of Lancaster, 
is an enterprising, progressive man. widely 
and fa\"orably known in Fairfield county. 
He was born in Greensburg. \\'e5tmore- 
land county. Pennsylvania, on the 7th of 
October, 1861, his parents being the Rev. 
George \V. and Amanda (Trimble) [Mech- 
ling. For thirty-seven years the father has 
been pastor of St. Peter's Lutheran church 
in Lancaster, and has had the degree of 
D. D. conferred ui)on him. He was born 
in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, 
w bile his wife is a native of .Columbus. Ohio,, 
and en the moral development of the com- 

nnmity they have exerted stn. ng and bene- 
ficial infiuence. 

Under the paternal roof. Herbert F. 
Mechling spent the da_\s of his childhix^d 
and at the usual age entered the public 
schools of Lancaster. Subsequently he was 
a student in Eastman's Ci.>mniercial College 
at Poughkeep.-ie. Xew York, ami was there 
graduated with the class of 1881. He en- 
tered upon his l;usiness career in. the east, 
spending one year in the sugar refinery in 
Xeu York city. Returning then to Lan- 
caster, he accepted a positiLrn as lx"^kkeeper 
in the Fairfield. County Bank and after re- 
maining for some time went to Cilum'bus, 



Oliio, wiicre tV>r ten \ ears he was employed 
as a txK:>kkeeper and traxeling- salesman for 
Samuel lUuhc & Ci'mpany. His next liomc 
was in liinue. Illinois, where he embarked 
in the cattle business under the tnan name 
of Woods & [Nlechling. Later, however, he 
disposed of his interests in the west and re- 
turned to Lancaster, where he became man- 
a.tjtr tor F. C. Xelbc. proprietor of the Al- 
leghany quarries. Since September. 1895. 
however, he has been continuously in offi- 
cial service, having at that time been elected 
city clerk, in which capacity he has served 
continuiiusly since, his present term expir- 
ing in the spring of 1903, at which time he 
will have been tlie incumbent of the office 
for eight years. He is very accurate, thor- 
ough and systematic in the discharge of his 
duties, and his record is one of which he 
has e\ery reason to be proud, for it has 
brought him high encomiiuns and the un- 
qualified commendation of those who are 
familiar with the wc>rk of the office. 

In November, 1891. ^h. ?^Iechling was 
married to Miss Anna L. Getz, a daughter 

of Henry and Christina (Latter) Get/i. her 
parenls belonging to old families of Fair- 
field county, and Mrs. ^Icchling was born, 
reared and educated in the city of Lancas- 
ter. Ly her marriage she has become the 
mother oi two children, Ruth E. and George 
AV. She holds membership in St. Peter's 
Evangelical I^utheran church, one of the 
oldest religious organizations of Lancaster. 
,Mr. Mechling belongs t., the Bismark Club 
and since its organization, in 1S97. has 
served as its secretary. His political sup- 
port is given the Democracy and he takes 
an active part in local, county and state ix)ii- 
tics. Fie v\as for two }ears secretary of the 
department of state supervisors of Fairfield 
countv and his labors in behalf of his party 
liave been effective and far-reaching. Hav- 
ing long resided in Lancaster, he has a wule 
acquaintance here and the friends of his 
boyhood have continued their high regard 
for him throughout the years of his man- 
hood, a fact which indicates his sterling 
worth and his fidelity to all qualities of an 
upright manhood. 


Henry C. Williamson is a retired farmer Williamson, was a native of Virginia, born 

in blue during the Civil war. He is now liv- in iSoi, and the great-grandfather was 

ing in a pleasant home in Lancaster, enjoy- George Williamson, Sr.. whose birth oc- 

ing the fruit of former toil. He was born curred in Scotland and who was one of the 

in Bl.,xim township, this county, on the 13th old school Presbyterians. The grandparents 

of October, 1S43. His father, George W. of our subject were Theodore and Rhoda 



\ / 

S^a^-...i.jt^' i1ii1fii^-M^^ 




(Prater) Williamson, who in 1808 removed 
with their family of ten children to Ohio, 
takiivif np their abode in Bloom township, 
Fairfield county, where the grandfather 
purchased one hundred and sixty acres in 
the green woods. The first house was a 
log cabin alx>ut sixteen by twenty feet. It 
contained one room, which ser\ed the pur- 
pose of kitchen, parlor and bedroom. Al- 
thiiugh the quarters were not very com- 
modious, hospitality reigned supreme and 
many a guest was received beneath their pio- 
neer roof. Indians were far more numerous 
tlian the wliite people and in motley garb 
stalked through the forest, which they 
claimed as their dominion imtil encroaching 
civilization caused them to seek homes fur- 
ther west. The Williamson family endured 
all the hardships and privations incident to 
the settlement of a new countrw Game was 
plentiful and the greater part of the meat for 
the family table was secured through the 
use of the rifle in the forest. In the family 
were six sons, including George W. Will- 
iamson, and all aided in the arduous task 
of developing and improving the new fann. 
After arriving at years of maturity 
George W. Williamson was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Elizabeth Kemp, of Fairfield 
contity. a daughter of Henry and Mary 
Kemp. They became the parents of ten 
chiklren, nine of whom reached adult age: 
Theodore, born September's. 1824. resides 
at Hilliard, Ohio: Sarah, born February 14, 
1827, married Zephiniah Courtright; 
Zeruah, bom July 18, 1S29. married William 
Cofifman; Martha, born October 14, 1831, 
married Solomon Alspach. of Missouri; 

Lorinda, b'jrn June 28. 1834, became the 
wife of John E. Courtright of Paulding, 
Ohiii; Evaline died in childhood; Elizabeth, 
born January 2>i, 1839. married Israel 
Polenbaugh and is now deceased; Amanda, 
born August 10, 1841, married John Oiff- 
man, and is also deceased: Henry C., 
is the next of the family; and William A., 
born ?klarch 7, 1846. still resides < n the old 
home farm in Eloiom township. 

In taking up the personal history of 
Henry C. Williamson we present to our 
readers the life record of one who is widely 
known in Fairfield county, having speiu his 
entire life within its borders. In the usual 
manner of fanner lads of the period he spent 
the days of his boyhood and youth, pursuing 
his education in the district schools in the 
winter montlis and working in field and 
meadow in the summer. He was thus en- 
gaged until 1862. when, at his country's call 
for troops, he enlisted as a member nf the 
Union army, joining Company D. Ninetieth 
Ohio Infantry, umler command of Colonel 
Ross. He served for two years and four 
months and participated in many important 
engagements which lead to final victory, in- 
clndir.g those at Stone River. Franklin, 
Chattanooga. Chickamauga and Nashville, 
Tennessee. At the last natned he sustained 
a severe wound, a shot piercing his right 
arm and shattering the bone so that the 
metnber had to be amputated close to the 
shoulder. He was taken to the hospital, 
where he remained six weeks, at the end of 
which time he started for home, taking pas- 
sage on a steamboat at Louisville, Kentucky, 
but while en route was stricken with small- 



IK)x and transferred to the pest liospira! at 
Covitigtun. Kentucky. In Scptcniher, 1S65 
he received an li<jnoral)lc discharge and re- 
turned tu his hnnie. having made a great 
sacrifice tc>r his country, yet happy in the 
consciousness that he had done his full duty 
in preserving the Union and ai'ling in the 
abolishment of slavery. 

For a short time after his return h'jme 
Mr. Williamson cuntinucd his education in 
the home scIujoIs and then entered Wesleyan 
Universit)' at Delaware, Ohio, where he 
pursued his studies fi'ir a v'ear, and later he 
took a course in the commercial college at 
Zancsville. Ohio. He then returned to the 
old homestead in Eloom township, where he 
again engaged in general farming and stock 
raising and throughout the acti\e years of 
his business career carried on agricultural 

In December, 1871, Mr. Williamson was 
united in marriage to Miss Sarah A. Tip- 
ton, of Fairfield county. She was born in 
Licking county, Ohio, Xovember 27, 1844, 
and is the second daughter of John C. and 
Medina M. ( Wheeler ) Tipton. Her fa- 
ther was a native of \"irginia, and when six- 
teen years of age came to Ohio with his 
parents, Joshua and Elizabeth Tipton, the 
family locating in Linnville. Licking county. 
When young he learned the brick mason's 
trade, which he followed during the greater 
part of his life. He married [Medina M. 
Wheeler, a native of Pickaway county, 
Ohio, and a daughter of Isaac and Mary 
W'heeler. This marriage resulted in the 
birth of the fnllowing children: Mary F.. 
who became the wife of Henry Snelling, of 

Licking county, now proprietor of a hotel 
in Ashville, Pickaway county; Sarah A.. 
wife of our subject; Benjamin F., a resi- 
dent of liloom townsb.ip, Fairfield cuunty; 
William J.,, a farmer of Franklin cmmty; 
TiMm C. a resident of Royalton; and Jennie 
F., now ^^[rs. Henry F(jntius, of Lancaster. 
[Mrs. Tipton die'd on a farm in Bloom town- 
ship, March 13, 1890, and [Sir. Tipton passed 
away rit the home of our subject, Oct' 'her 
i^, 1900. Six children have l)een born to 
our subject and his wife, namely: Cora M. 
is now the wife of Frank Barr, of this c^un- 
tv, and they have three children: Alvin 
Williamson, Eva Ruth and Floyd Ellsworth,. 
Lillian E. died September 10. 1877, at the 
age of two years and seven months. Stella 
Annetta is at home. Ada F. is now teach- 
ing school. Achsa Futilla and [Nlachsa 
Florilla, twins, were graduated from the 
Lancaster high school in June, 1902, and re- 
side at home. 

After his marriage [Mr. Williamson be- 
gan farming on his own account on a nincty- 
three-acre farm in Bloom to\vnshi[), which 
was deeded to him by his father. When liis 
financial resources increased he added to his 
possessions by the purchase of an additional 
tract of one hundred and thirteen acres and 
thus was the owner of more than two hun- 
dred acres. The care and labor which he 
bestowed upon his fields brought to him ex- 
cellent har\-ests and through the sale of his 
products he acquired a good financial return 
for liis labors. In 1895 he removed from 
the farm to Lancaster, where he has since 
resided. He has two and one-half acres of 
land here, upon which is a pleasant residence 



and g-ood, substantial buildings. In his po- 
litical affiHatiivns ^Ir. Willianison is a Re- 
publican when national issues arc invohed. 
but at local elections votes independently, re- 
garding only the capability and trustunrthi- 
ncss of the candidate. He is a member of 
the Union \'eteran T.eginn and the Encainii- 
ment. and as a citizen is as true to-dav to his 

countrv as when he wore the blue unifurni 
of the Union and followed the old flag on 
sriithern battle-tieUls. The success which 
has crowned his elTurts is well merited, for 
withcuit caiiital he entered upon his business 
career and steadily has he advanced until he 
is now the possessor of a comforlaVile com- 


John P. Harmon is a representative of 
one of the oldest families of Fairfield coun- 
ty and the farm upon which he !i\'es on sec- 
tion 27, Pleasant t'Dwuship. has been in pi:is- 
session of the family for more than a cen- 
tury. In the house, which is still his liome. 
three generations of the family ha\"e been 
born. His grandfather, John P. Harmon, 
came to this C(ainty frcmi Westmoreland 
count}-, Pennsyl\"ania. in the year iSoo. set- 
tling in Pleasant townshii> about the same 
time as the Macklins, the Buchanans and the 
Bonseys. He purchased a large tract of 
land and latter erected a house w hich is still 
standing upon the farm ami is now owned 
by John P. Harmon of this review. For 
about a century it has looketl forth upon the 
conditions which have made the history of 
this portion of the state. It is one of the old 
landmarks of the county and is of peculiar 
interest to the family on account of the an- 
cestral connections with the place. 

John P. Harmon, the father of om- sulv 

ject. was liorn in Xi,)vember, 1804. in this 
house and lo\ed the spot so well that he was 
never far awa\- from the farm throughout 
his entire life. \\\< tin:il resting place is in 
sight i^if the olfl homo, f. ^r his remains were 
interred on the farm. He was united in 
marriage to Eliza Hudelle, wdio was born in 
Frederick county, \'irginia, her father, An- 
tlrew Hudelle, having been a planter of that 
state. They became the ]>arenls of eleven 
children, of whom six are _\et living: P.. V., 
a farmer of Stark county. Ohio: C. P>., wh.o 
is in the teaming business in Lancaster; 
John P'. who resides on the home farm; 
\'ictoria. the wife of David RniYner, a farm- 
er of Mercer county, Ohio; Medora, the wife 
of J. D. Spitler, also an agriculturist of 
Mercer county: and Ella, the wife of Jesse 
R<ise. a farmer of the same county. 

Xo event of special importance occurred 
to vary the routine of farm life for John P. 
Harmon during his l)oyhood and youth. 
He earlv became familiar with the work of 



the home farm and assisted in ihe cultivation 
of the fields from the time of spring plant- 
ing until crops were garnered in the autumn. 
During th.e winter months he attended the 
district schools. After arriving at years of 
maturity he wedded Reliecca Ruffner and 
unto them have been horn seven children ; 
Ora, Ethel, Mabel. Famiic, .Martha, ^lary 
and Frederick. ]\lary and }>lartha are 
twins. -All are still under the parental roof 
and are being pri,>vided \\ ith goi k1 educa- 
ti'inal jirivileges to tit them fi>r the practical 
and resp<"insible duties of life. 

Mr. Ilarm(>n conies of a long !i\-ed fam- 
ily, of ([uiet industrious tillej's of the soil, 
arid manv of them have lived t(_^ be over 

ninety years of age. The old homesteatl is 
imjiroved with many modern equipments to 
facilitate the farm work. l.Tpon the place is 
a pear tree which was planted by his father 
when a boy of about ten years. This would 
make the three o\-cr eighty years of age awd 
the remarkable fact is that each year it bears 
fruit and appears still Id be in a healthy con- 
dition. Our subject and lii-^ wife hold mem- 
bcrshij) in the United Urclhren church and 
earnestly endea\or to follow the teachings 
of the Master, rearin.g their children in the 
fear and admonition of the Lord. Their 
genuine worth and, fidelit}' to the princii)le-> 
in which they believe have won for him 
manv friends. 


In the days of infancy Henry Boyer 
"ivas brought to Fairlield county, where he 
has since resided. He was born, in Schuyl- 
kill county, Fennsylvania, November 24, 
1S37, and it was the following year that his 
parents came to the Buckeye state. He is a 
son of John and Susana ( Ri.debaugh) Boyer, 
who were also natives of Pennsylvania. 
Loading some of their household effects on 
a wagon they dro\-e across the country to 
Carroll, Ohio, arriving in about the mid- 
dle of Xovember. 1S38. They ti:>ok up their 
alK)de upon the farm where the subject of 
this review now lives and the father there 
reached the age of sixtv-eight vears, while 

his wife passed away at the age cf seventy 
years. In their family were eight children: 
Isaac, George and Jacob, who are now de- 
ceased ; Charles: AIar_\' Ann; Henry; Will- 
iam and Sarah. 

No event of special importance occurred 
to ■sary the routine of farm life for Henry 
Boyer in his yrmth. The sun shone down 
on many a field which he plowed and plant- 
ed, as he assisted his father in the work 
of cultixating and !mpro\-ing the land. 
Tliroughcut the years of his manh.>id 
he has carried on the occupation to 
whicli he was rearedi and his lal>ors have 
resulted in bringing to him a very com- 




fortahle living-. lie was married in iSOo 
to .]\Iiss Katie M. Ilummeli, a daugliter of 
Isaac and Magdaline (Miller) Hummell, 
who were natives of Pennsylvania and in 
whose family were sixteen children, as fol- 
lows : John; William; Solomon; Daniel; 
David; Elijah; Louis; Lafayette; Polly, the 
wife of Charles Dilley; Savina, the wife of 
Erving- !\Iason: Katie, who is now ]\Ir5. 
Boyer; and five who have passed away, 
namely : Anna. Mary Ann. Isaac. Julia and 
Aaron, 'i'he father of this family was a 
shoemaker hy trade and followed that oc- 
cupation in Bloom township near Salem 
church. He had come from Pennsylvania 
to Ohio with a one-horse wagon and had 
taken up his abode in Bloom township in 
pioneer days. There lie spent the ren-iaindcr 
of his life and was known as a consistent and 
loyal member of the Salem church. His 
death 'iccurred in 1884. when he had at- 
tained the age of seventy years. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Boyer 
has been blessed with five children : Will- 

iam, a resident of Star City, Indiana; Cal- 
vin, who makes his home in San Francisco, 
California ; Aimie, the wife of M. E. Brett, 
of San Francisco; Franklin, who died at 
the age of sixteen months; and George, a 
resident of Bloom township. It was in De- 
cember, 1S74, when Mr. Boyer and his fam- 
ily removed to the old homestead, where he 
ha- since remained. For twelve years he re- 
sided on the southwest corner of Bloom 
township and his attention has ever been 
given to the work of cultivating the soil, 
his labors being attended by a high degree 
of success. In 1S64 he was in the gov- 
ernment employ, but during the greater 
part of his life he has given his time and 
energies to agricultural pursuits. His work 
is carefully conducted and he is systematic 
and methodical in all that he undertakes. As 
the years ha\'e passed his diligence has 
brought to him a comfortable competence 
and he is numbered among the well-to-do 
a;id '.'p-to-date scientific farmers of his 
adopted county. 


Among the citizens of Fairfield county 
who have joined the great "silent majority,"' 
but who had been active factors in the af- 
fairs of this portion of the state, was F. 
Asbury Plollicla}-. and his memory is _\et 
cherished, not onlv bv his immediate fam- 

larm which is yet the home of his w idow. 
His father. Zebubin Hi>lliday. was a native 
of Maryland and in piuneer times removed 
to (3hio and was here married to Elizabeth 
Kieser, a nati\e of Rush Creek township. 
They became the parents of the follnwins- 

ily, but by many wh ^ knew him and en- children: Wesley, William. Asbnrv, Sam 
joyed his friendship. He was born in Rusii ucl. Becky. .\nn and Sarah. After the deati 
Creek township May 29, iSjj, upon the of his first wife Zebulon Hi)llida\ marriet 

)J- b?:b ■■('.■ ':;'M.; 

•■llA. /M 

i;V7;r,;r-.} ;.rn; ,;i 

;!■ ■• .. ':. ■! • 

g5^ ,, (i/. 

.YAGUJO'i 'I'.^UaSA .'-i 

.;ir| 1.- t}\:\A\ 'j.'Ij 

•jtl) ;^:iMrti/. 

•J I 

1 rir ;,(.)•. \ 911.; l^ift 

ifj norrfj ,- 



;Miss Wilsun, aud tliey liad three children : 
Harriel; Mary, n.nv deceased; and .Matilda. 
The father purchased a farm near Rush- 
ville and afterward purchased the land upuu 
which Mrs. F. Asbury Holliday is now liv- 
ing'. The tract then comprised one hun- 
dred and six!y-six acres, hut at the present 
time two hundred and sixt_\-oue acres are 
comprised within the boundaries of the 
farm. The [lioneer home was an old log- 
cabin, and in it the family lived in true 
frontier style, but they made the most of 
their opportunities and as the years passed 
th.e comforts known to the older east were 
introduced and enjoyed l;iy them. In his 
political views Mr. Holliday was a ^^ hi.i? 
until t!ic organization of the Republican 
party, when he juined its ranks. He held 
membership in the Methodist church and 
was a most earnest Christian gentleman. 
ser\-irjg as one of the exhurters in the church. 
F. A.sbury thjlliday, when a little lad of 
six summers, became a student in the schools 
of Rush Creek township. His arhantages, 
howe\er, were \ery meager, as he had the 
pri\'ilege of attending onl\" for about one or 
two months each year. Mis training at 
farm labor, however, was in no wise lim- 
ited, for as soon as old enough to liandle 
the plow he began work in the fields and 
the sun shone down upon n:any a tract <.in 
which he turned the furnnvs. When he had 
left school permanently he joined his father 
in farming operations and practical experi- 
ence had made him well fitted for the work. 
At the age of twenty-three \ears he was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary C. Ruther- 
ford, of Rush Creek township, born in \'ir- 

ginia, whence she came to Ohio when a 
little maiden of two sununers. They begrm 
their domestic life ujion the farm which is 
still the houic of Mrs. Holliday. All of the 
laud was cleared but about thirty acres, and 
Mr. Hollidav gave his attention to the 
further development and improvement of 
the farm. Unto him and his wife were born 
five children. The eldest. William, resides 
one mile north of Oak Fort. James A. 
is living one mile east of Pleasantville. 
Clara A. is the wife of Arthur Kinsel, of 
Pleasantville. Francis A. and Samuel B. 
are now (operating the liome farm in a 
highly credita1)le manner. 

Mr. tiolliday voted with the Democratic 
party. . He served as a school director and 
as stipervisor, and in pulilic oflice, as in 
business ami social life, he was trtte t(.i the 
duties devolving upon him. He and his 
w ife were members of the Methodist church 
and his life was at all times guided by and 
permeated with Christian principles. He 
passed away in 1885 ami in his death the 
community lost one whom it had come to 
know as a reputable citizen, devoted ti^ the 
public good. The sons, Samuel and Fran- 
cis Holliday, now engaged in the operati' n\ 
of the home farm. The latter was bi;irn in 
1 86 1 and acquired his early education in the 
public scliools of Rush Creek township, 
while later he continued his studies in Pleas- 
antville. Ohio. On putting- aside his text 
books he resumed work on the farm ai-id is 
now associated with his brother in agricult- 
ural pursuits whereb}- he has gained a coni- 
fortable ciimpetence. They make a specialty 
of the raising of stock, raising only grain 

L-V'W-:. M\\ 

,:,, ■';-.iv! tr/in 

■•[ vr!j 

.! ;;M 


.,-; 'I' 

..h^ I- 



id slieep i 
. tlieiii a 

ml their 

ennngh to leed their 
Tliey have horses. cattK 
sales are larg;e and hriii.^ 

In iS8o Fraiieis Hulliday \vas united in 
marriage to ^liss Mary J. Bunworih, a na- 
tive of Perry eounty. They now have one 
child, Charles Oatley. :^Ir. IJolliday has 
followed in the jiolitical footsteps of his fa-, endorsing the men and measures of 
the Democracy, and is a member of the 
Methodist church. 

Samuel Hollidav, the vouns:er brother, 

was born in iSfiS, and after becoming fa- 
miliar with the branches of learning taught 
in the district schools, he went to Pleasanl- 
\ille, where he continued his studies for 
si;>me time. On his father's death he l.)cgan 
work upon the home farm and b.ith he and 
his brother are recognized as young men of 
good business ability, energetic and pro- 
gressive. All of the modern equipments and 
accessories of a model farm arc found \.\\)on 
their place, and in the management of the 
property tlicy have shown themselves to be 
honest and trustworthy. 


Daniel Giesy was for a number of years 
a prominent representative of mercantile in- 
terests of Lancaster, but is now living re- 
tired. He was born in this city ]\Iay 3, 
1833. His father, Ji>hn Ulric Giesy, was a 
native of Switzerland, born in 17S7. In 
the land of the Alps he was reared to man- 
hood and acquired a good common school 
education. When a young man he emi- 
grated to the new world, believing that he 
might have better business opixirtunities in 
the United States, the year of his arrival 
being 1805. Taking up his -abode in Lan- 
caster, Ohio, he here established a bakery, 
which he continued to successfully conduct 
for a number of years. He was also en- 
gaged in the hotel business and erected 
what became known as the old Giesy House, 
which was the first h<:itel erected in Lan- 

caster. During that period he Iiought a 
farm southwest of the city, to wdiich he re- 
moved in the early '50s, and there died in 
1856. He was \-ery successful in all his 
business undertakings and when lands were 
cheap he purchased a considerable amount, 
wdiich rose in \-alue with the growth of the 
county and the improvements placed there- 
on. Mr. Giesy also owned and operated a 
flouring mill and carried forward to suc- 
cessful completion whatever he undert'>3k, 
being a man of resolute purpose and un- 
flagging enterprise. His political support 
was given the Democracy and he strongly 
endorsed the principles advocated by Jeffer- 
son. He and his wife were devoted mem- 
bers of the Grace Reformed church, to 
which he contributed liberally. 

John L'. Giesy was married in Lan- 





caster tn ^Sliss Maydalenc Heiue., a native 
of Pennsylvania, who came to Lancaster 
with lier parents. John and Martiia Ilense!. 
Nnie children were born of this union, six 
sons and three daugliters : Alary, horn ]\Iay 
4, 1816; Susan, l>orn July 30, 1S20; Eliza- 
beth, who was born Alay 3, 1S22. and is 
now deceased; John U., born February 11, 
1824, Samuel H., bom August 26, 1826, 
and Jacob H., born Zvlarch 28. 1S28, all 
three deceased: William, who was born 
September 24, 1830. and died in infancy; 
Daniel, of this review; and Henr}- H., who 
was b:>rn Fcliruary 17, 1836. and \\a5 killed 
in battle during the Civil war while a mem- 
ber of the Forty-^ixth Ohio \'olunteer In- 

Daniel Giesy pursued his education in 
the pri\-ate and district schools of Lan- 
caster, lie then entered Capital L'nivcrsity 
at Columbus. Ohio, where he spent one year, 
and on leaving school he entered upon his 
business career as a clerk in the store of 
Reber & Kutz. He was afterward em- 
ployed in other mercantile establishments 
until 1856. when he began business on his 
own accourit as a dealer in boots and shoes 
on }*Iain street. For three years he con- 
ducted that enterprise, but in 1859 disposed 
of his stock and engaged in the manufac- 
ture of vinegar, carrying on that industry 
for some time. He met with success in the 
undertaking, for the. excellence of his 
product secured iov him a ready sale. Sub- 
sequently he spent two years in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, as a salesman for Shillito & Com- 
pany. Returning to Lancaster, he liecame 
interested in merchandising in connection 

with Reber & Kutz, and this relation was 
maintained until 1S70. wlien he retired to 
private life, enjuying a well merited rest. 

In 1854 Mr. Giesy was united in mar- 
riage to ]^Ii^s Ellen Haulier, of Lancaster, 
the eldest daughter uf John C. and Mary 
(Hunter) liautler. Her father was a na- 
ti\e of Gei-many. but her mother was born 
in Lancaster, being a daughter of Captain 
Joseph and Dorothy Hunter, wdio were pio- 
neers of Fairfield county. Unto our sub- 
ject and his wife have been born seven chil- 
dren : Helen L.. the eldest, is now de- 
ceased; Henry H., l>:irn January 31. 1858. 
is engaged in the lumber business, the tlrm 
being composed of himself and two 
brothers, under the name of H. H. Giesv : 
Edward H., born October 22, 1S59. is con- 
nected with his brother in the lumber Inisi- 
ness at Columbus ; John C, .born August 1 1. 
18G2, is deceased: Frank M., born July 31. 
1866. died in infancy; Ella C. was born 
:\rarch 8. 1869; and Robert ]M., born Janu- 
ary 7. 1871. is also engaged in the whole- 
sale lumber business. 

In 1862 Mr. Giesy eritered the employ 
of th(f government as abstract clerk in the 
quartermaster's department, with which he 
was connected for about eight months. He 
then returned to Lancaster, but in 1S64 
again accepted a position in the quarter- 
master's departjuent, where he joined his 
brother. He had just reached his post when 
he was captured by the rebels and was held 
a prisoner for four mouths and a half, being 
cc'uiineil at Caliaba. Alabama. At the eml 
of that time he was exchanged and returned 
home. Mr. Giesv strongly endorses Re- 



publican principle? and has always sup- people of sterling worth, whose circle of 

ported the party, although he has never been friends is only limited by their circle of ac- 

an office seeker. He and his wife are mem- quaintanccs. Mr. Giesv is an ardt 

bcrs of the Grace Reformed church and are porter of the free school svsteni. 

nt sup 


Among those who otifered up their lives 
on the altar of their country during the 
dark days of the Rebellion was lienry Hen- 
sel Giesy, who was born in Lancaster, Ohio, 
February 17, 1S36, and was the seventh son 
of John Ulric and ]\Iary Magdalene (Hen- 
sel) Giesy. He was graduated with honors 
from Frank Marshall College in 1857 
and was a member of the Goethean Liter- 
aiy Society. After making the needed prep- 
aration he was admitted to the bar, and 
when the Civil war broke out was engaged 
in the practice of his profession in his na- 
tive town. 

As one of the first to respond to his 
country's call for troops, he enlisted for 
three months in the volunteer service and 
was chosen captain of his company. Dur- 
ing that term he was on duty in West Vir- 
ginia. On his return home he raised a new 
company and re-enlisted for three years on 
the 26th of December. 1861. On the 9th 
of the following August he was promoted to 
major for gallant conduct, being chosen to 
that position over three captains whose 
commissions antedated his. The regiment 

to which he belonged was the Forty-sixth 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He was provost 
on the staff of Brigadier General Hugh 
Ewing, commanding the Fourth Division, 
Fifteenth Army Corps, in November, 1S63, 
and was by him recommended for promo- 
tion. The colonel of the regiment having 
CI >nimand of the brigade during Sherman's, 
great battles on his way to Atlanta, Major 
Giesy had command of the regiment. Dur- 
ing the engagement at Dallas, Alay 28, 
1864, he was mortally wounded, and died 
the following day. 

Eiigadier General Charles C. Walcott 
in his official re^wrt of the battle of Dallas 
says : "This battle, severe as it was upon 
the enemy, cost the country the lives and 
services of many valuable officers and men. 
Colonel Dickerson, One Hundred and Third 
Illinois, and Major Giesy. Forty-sixth Ohio, 
fell mortally wounded and have since died. 
They were b<:>th brave and efficient officers 
and received their wounds during the heat 
of the engagement while at the front en- 
couraging their men." He was made brevet 
brigadier general "for gallant and meritor- 



ious services" at tlie battle of Dallas, of Shiloli, Corinth, Jackson, Missiouary 
Georgia, where he was killed. He engaged Ridge, Knoxville, Dallon, Resaca and 
•with distinction and braverv in the battles Dallas. 


James Hills, now deceased, was num- 
bered among the early settlers and highly 
respected citizens of Fairlield count}-, and 
whatever tended to promote the growth, 
progress and improvement of this favored 
section of the state won his approval and 
support. His life was ever upright and 
honorable and coniTiientled him to the con- 
fidence and regard of all with whom he 
came in contact. He was a native of Bill- 
inghurst, England, born August 24, 1S24, 
and his parents spent their entire lives in 
that land. Mr. Hills came to the United 
States in 1852, iLKrating in Fairfield county, 
taking up his abode in Lancaster, where he 
engaged in gardening and fanning. He 
also conducted a greenhouse until a short 
time prior to the Civil war, when he pur- 
chased a farm u[x-)n which his widow now 
resides, and here made a good home for 
himself and family. 

When his adopted country became in- 
volved in hostilities between the north and 
south he espoused the Union cause, serving 
for nine mrmths and twenty days. Then, 
the war ha\-ing ended, he received an hon- 
orable discharge and his loyalty to the coun- 
try was ever one of his marked character- 
istics. He was deeply interested in its in- 

stitutions and in the extension of its power 
and influence. At the close of the war he 
returned to his home, but his health had be- 
come impaired during the service and he 
was ne\er a well man after that. 

On the I5ih of October, 1868. Mr. Hills 
was united in marriage to Miss Caroline 
Davey, a native of England. She is now 
living upon the old hrmiestead in Hocking 
townshi]) and is a most estimable lady. 
The marriage of this worthy couple was 
blessed with nine children. Edward Henry, 
born in Harsham, England, on the 9th of 
December. 18-ig, is now extensively en- 
gaged in the raising I'f wheat in California, 
devoting one thousand acres to that prod- 
uct. He married a Miss Carter. Rhoda A., 
the second oi the family, is the wife of 
Jacob Walters, a resident farmer of Pleas- 
ant township. Fairfield county, and they 
have three children: James, Flora and 
Charles. Thomas, born in Lancaster, 
March 16. 1S54, mwv resides in Columbus, 
Ohio, where he is engaged in business as a 
contractor. He married Sophia Berrens, 
and they have three chiKlren, Dora. Carrie 
and Mattie. Sarah J., born in Lancaster. 
Januarv 8. 185''). is the wife of Samuel Nel- 
son, of Zanes\-ille, a brick maker. They 


have six children : Fannie, the widow of 
Edward Ali'ord; George; Carrie; Harry; 
Hattie and Edna. Mary A. is tlie widow of 
Samuel Pickering and resides in Lancaster. 
Her children are: Edward, Carrie, Martha 
and Elsworth. John A., born in i860, is 
connected with a cracker factory in Colinn- 
bus, Ohio. He married Lena Creggs, and 
they have one child, Xettie. George B., 
born January 24, 18(13. died in infanc}'. 
Henrietta, his twin sister, died at the age of 
three months. Margaret E., bnni in April. 
1864. was married and left 'one daughter, 
who is residing w ith her granilmother and 
is a bright and attractive young girl. She 
is known by the name of Bertha May Hills. 
Tliroughout his business career Mr. 
Hills carried on agricultural pursuits and 

his labors were carefully directed by sound 
business judgment and keen discrimination. 
His enterprise would Ijruuk no obstacle 
that couliJ be overcome by determined and 
honorable purp(.:se. and gradually he worked 
his way upward to success, becoming- the 
owner of a valuable farm. He ne\er had 
occasion to regret his determination to seek 
a hc^nie in the new wcrld. for in his linxtder 
opportunities he found the advantages lie 
desired and gained not only a comfortable 
competence but also a large circle of 
friends. He died at his hnme in Hocking 
township. [May 10. 1S69, respected by all 
who had known him. His widow enjoys 
the high esteem of all with whom she has 
been brought in contact, and she still lives 
upon the farm left to her by her lui-band. 


Like many of the valued citi/'ens of Fair- 
field county, Henry Ealthaser came to Ohio 
fnvm Pennsylvania, taking up his abode in 
Fairfield county at an early flay. He now 
resides in Clear Creek township, where he 
owns and occupies niucty-ijne acres of rich 
farm land just south of the village of 
Amanda. He was b(:)rn in Bei-ks county, 
Peimsylvania. October 13, 183J, and is a 
representative of one of the old families ^A 
that locality. His paternal grandfather, 
Henry Balthaser, lived and died in Berks 
county, being a well kmiwu farmer and 
prominent man there. 

The father of our subject, Henry Balt- 
haser, was born in Berks county, learning 
the carpenter's trade antl following that vo- 
cation throughout his residence in Pennsyl- 
vania, and after coming to Fairfield ctanity 
he engaged in the rjperation of a sawmill antl 
also devoted a portion of his time to agri- 
cultural pursuits. For a number of years 
he continued the manufacture of lumber. 
He put all of the improvements upon his 
farm and there made a goixl home lor him- 
self and family, Ii\ing at that place until his 
death, which occurred when he was eight_\-- 
two years of age. He passed away on the 



anniversary of his birth, wliich occurred on 
the 22cl of January, 1S03. He held member- 
ship in the Lutheran church and his life was 
permeated by liouorable princijiles and 
Cliristian teachings. In pnHtics lie was a 
DeniiKrat but lie ne\cr asjiircd to (jflicc, pre- 
ferring' that his attention should be given to 
his business interests, in w hich he prospered. 
He was an advocate of all that tended to ini- 
pro\e the community along social, intellect- 
ual and mora! lines. His worth as a citizen 
was widely recognized. He married Sarah 
\\'arner, v.ho was also born in l^erks county. 
Pennsylvania, and there lived until coming 
to Oliio with her husband. Both were mem-, 
hers of the Lutheran cluirch. Mrs. Balt- 
haser survived her husbajul but a short time. 
pas^ing away on the old homestead. June 2^, 
1886. Slie was the mother oi eight chil- 
dren, nve of w horn are now living, the sub- 
ject of this review lieing the second in order 
of birth. 

Li taking up the personal history of 
Henry Balthaser, w hose name introduces 
this record, we present tt.i our readers the 
life record of one who is widely and fa\or- 
ably known. He has always li\ed upon the 
home farm in Clear Creek township and 
many of the improvements there are the 
visible evidence of his life of indu.-.try and 
earnest toil. He has erected a new and 
modern residence which is an attractive feat- 
ure in the landscape and other equipments 
upon the farm have been secured through 
his efforts. He has always engaged in the 
cultivation of the soil and to some extent 
has carried on stock raising and as the years 
have passed his labors have annually added 
something to his income until now he is one 

of the substantial and well-to-do citizens of 
the comnuniity. 

In 1857 Mi. Baltliaser was united in 
marriage to Miss Susanna Kesslcr. who was 
i)orn in Pickaway county, Ohio, a daughter 
of Michael and Fdiza Ann (Shabbel) Kcss- 
ler. Her father was a carpenter by trade, 
and removing to Clear Creek township, 
Fairfield county, carried on work along that 
line for a numl)er of years. He afterward 
became a resident of Blinois where he died 
at an advanced age. Unto 'Sir. and Mrs. 
Balthaser have been born twelve children, 
of whom eleven are now lixing. Theodore, 
who resides in .\manda, was employed as 
engineer in the grain elevator. He married 
Xettie Crites. and their children are — Ollie, 
Eva. and Adi^ilph. Elizabeth is the wife of 
David Barr. a farmer of Amanda township 
and they have two chiklren — Bertie and 
Mary. Peter resides in Columbus, Ohio, 
where he is employed as a street car con- 
ductor. He married EfHe Griffith and they 
have live children — Rome, Merril. Ruth, 
May and Fred. Joseph resides in Amanda 
township where he follows farming. He 
wedded Etta \\'eimer. Ella is the wife of 
John Sultz, a resident farmer of Fairfield 
county. Annie is the wife of John Camp- 
bell, of ]\Iadison township, and they have 
one son, Raymond. Frank is emplo}-ed on 
the farm of 'Sir. Campbell. He married 
^Mattie Hamby, who died two years ago. 
Charles resides in Amanda, Ohio, and is 
operating the home farm for his father. He 
married Ella Shaefter. Qiancy resides in 
Amanda township and is employed on the 
railn^ad. He married Anna Thomas. Harry 
is living at home. Welbv is a minister of 


the United Brelliren church, now locatetl in 
Atlicns county, Ohi.'. He wedded Mi:^s 
Dixon. Fanny die.l at the at;e of nineteen 
years. All of the children were horn in 
Clear Creek township and educated in the 
schools here. The family is one of ])rom- 
inence iu the comnnuiity, tlie various mem- 
bers occupyint;- creditable positions and m 
social circles, enjoying high regard liy 
reason of their sterling worth. From the 
age of six vears down to the present time 

Henry Balthaser has made liis home in Fair- 
tield county and the history of pioneer life 
is therefore familiar to him through actual 
experience, and as the years have passed, as 
a valued citizen he has borne his part in the 
work of public progress and improvement. 
Fiis labors too in the business wc.irld have 
been effective and have brought to him cred- 
itable success, making hini one of the pros- 
per^ius and well-to-do farmers of Clear 
Creek township. 


When the history of Ohio and her bar 
shall have been written its pages will 
bear few more illustrious names and 
record the career of few men more dis- 
ting-uished than Charles D. Martin, for 
although he has not figured to a great 
extent in political life he is widely ac- 
knowledged to be one of the most capable 
lawyers at the Ohio bar. If "biography is 
the home aspect of history," as Wilmott has 
expressed it. it is entirely within the province 
of true history to commemorate and per- 
petuate the lives and characters, the achieve- 
ments and honor of the illustrious sons of 
the nation. The name of Charles D. Martin 
is inseparably associated with the history 
of jurisprudence not only in his district but 
in Ohio as well. an<l no man has been more 
respected in this locality or more highly de- 
serves the honors that have been conferred 
upon him. He has been designated as the 

leading member of the Lancaster bar as it 
stands to-day and is therefore worthy to be 
classed among the eminent lawyers of the 

Judge Martin is numbered among Ohio's 
native sons, his birth having occurre'.l in 
Mount \'ernon, on the 5th of August, 1829, 
his parents being Joseph and Susan 
(Thomas) Martin, the former of Irish line- 
age and the latter o\ English descent. In 
cokjnial days both the Martin and Thomas 
families were established in America, the 
former li->cating in I'ennsylvania and the lat- 
ter in Maryland. In 1S06 the paternal 
grandfather came to Ohio, locating in Knox 
county and there Joseph Martin was reared. 
He married Miss Thomas, whose family 
about the beginning of the nineteenth ceu- 
turv removed from Kentucky to Delaware 

In the schools of his native county Judge 


Martin ac'iuired his early education and 
later ctintinucd lii> stuilies in Kenyan Col- 
le;^e, Caniljicr. \\'isliiny it) liccnic a nieni- 
hcr of ll'C liar lie enlL-red up. .n the study of 
law in Lancaster under the direction of his 
relative, Ji'hn 1). .Martin, a nieniher of the 
firm of Martin & F.tiinger, prDniinent a't- 
torneys of l-airl;eld cuuni_\-. After two 
years" stuily he was admitted to the har in 
1850 and at onee he-an the practice of law 
in Lancaster and has fallowed it C(jntinu- 
ously with the exception of two years sjient 
upon the supreme bench and as a member of 
the supreme ci'uri c lnlmi^sion. His ad- 
vancement was rapid, owing to the pre- 
cision, thoroughness and care with which he 
prepared his cases, his strength in argument, 
his ready tact and genial di^po^itic>n. He 
never se>ught to enshroutl his cause in the 
sentimental garb of enrntional oratory, but 
rather to present his cause in the stmng 
clear light of fact and reason. He has never 
stooped to take a mean advantage and is al- 
Avays eminently fair and courteous in his 
treatment of the witnesses and of the cimrt. 
It is the thef-ry "f the law that the counsel 
who practice are to aid the court in the ad- 
mini-^tration of justice and in this regard 
Judge Martin has been most careful to con- 
form his practice to a higli standard of pro- 
fessional ethics. He never seeks to lead the 
court astray in a matter of fact or law. He 
has never endeav.^red tf> withhold from it a 
kn(iwledge of any fact appearing in the 
record. Calm, dignified, self -controlled, 
free from passion or preiudice, he has given 
to his clients the service of great talents, im- 
wearied industry and rare learning, but he 
never forgets that there are certain things 

due to tlie curt, to his own self-resj/ect and 
to justice ami a righteous ailniinistratinn of 
the law. which neither the zeal of an advo- 
cate nor the pleasure of success has permit- 
ted him to ili-regard. 

In the fall of 1S5S Martin was 
nominated on the DeniMeratic ticket to rep- 
resent liis clistrict in congress and was 
elected, his terni expiring on the 4th of 
March, iXOr. Through the succeeding 
twenty years he devded his attention unin- 
terruptedly to the practice of law. In 18S3 
he was apjitjinted by Governtn- Ch.arles 
ter as one of the members of the supreme 
court commission to assist the supreme 
bench in clearing the docket, which was in 
arrears some twelve years. He served fur 
two years, when the work they were ap- 
nointed to do was finished. During this 
period Mr. Martin discharged the functi. .us 
of a judge of the supreme court. His ap- 
pointment to this position was a high and 
merited tribute to his aliility, coming from a 
Republican governor to one who has alwavs 
been known as a standi Democrat. In the 
years 1885 and iS86 he was the candidate 
on the state ticket ior the ofiic'e of supreme 
judge. Since his retirement from office lie 
has given his undivided attention to the 
practice of law and has a large and distinc- 
tively representative clientage. 

In 1873 the Judge was united in mar- 
riage to Miss .\nna Mithoft'. a daughter of 
the late G. A. Mithoff. of Lancaster, and 
they have three living children : Marv Jane, 
Anna and George. The family is widelv and 
favoral)ly known in Fairheld countv. occu- 
liying an enviable position in social circles, 
just as the Judge does at the bar. For more 


than, iialf a century he lias Iji-cn an active character wliich impresses itself upon a cnni- and Init few lawyer-; ha\e ma.le niunity. Such has licen liis furce of char- 

:> more iastini^- impression upon the har of acter ami natural ( raali treat ii m that he has 

the state, hoth for leQal ahility of a high steadily advanced and has written his name 

order and for tl;e indixidnalitv of a personal upon the keyslor.e of the legal arch. 


William T. McClenaghan, who is tilling 
the position vi prosecuting attorney of 
Fairfield county and resides in Lancaster, 
was Ijorn in Richland tounship. this county, 
on the 17th of September. 1855. His fa- 
ther, William McClenaghan, was hern in 
Irelaiiil in the year 1835, and when in hi? 
twelfth year crossed the Atlantic to the 
United States, 1. seating in Lancaster. Penn- 
sylvania, where he resided for thirty-eight 
years. He was there married to Miss Mary 
K. Fergusrm, of that county, a daughter of 
Robert Ferguson, and in 1854 he came to 
Fairfield county and settled upon the farm 
where he resided the greater jjart of his 
life. Li his business undertakings he pros- 
pered, and his careful direction of farm la- 
bor and his enterprise and management 
brought to him a very satisfacti>ry degree 
of success. His ix>litical support was given 
the Democracy and h.e Um >k a deep and act- 
ive interest in the success of his party, doing 
all in his p.>wer to extend its influence and 
promote its growth. Fie served for six 
years as county commissioner of Richland 
township and was a leading citi?;en. strong hx 

his honor and gxxjd name. His wife, who 
was born in the year 18J7. died in 1896, 
In their family were two sons and fi;iur 
daughters, namely: William T. : Sophia, 
who married S. D. Stevens, a farmer ; 
Catherine, the wife of R. Swartz. who is in 
the gas and oil business: Samuel H.; Hor- 
ace S., who carries on agricultural pursuits; 
and Charles D., who is a farmer on the old 
honieste;id in Richland township. 

William T. McClenaghan, well known 
in ci-.nnection with legal intere>ts. was 
reared unon a farm. The hot summers' 
Sims shone down n[>on many a held in which 
he was plowing and through the cr.Id win- 
ter months he made his way to the district 
sch(_;ols in r:rder to acquire an education 
which would fit him for life's practical 
duties. Later he had the advantage of in- 
structions in the Fairfield .\cadeiny. where 
he prepared for college, and entering the 
University of Michigan at Ann Arl>T. he 
was graduated in that institution in iSfe. 
After liis graduation he returned to Lan- 
caster and entered the law office of the 
Hon, Charles D. Martin, who directed his 



reading- until liis admission to the bar be- 
fore the supreme court of CoKunbus in 
]888. Since tlial time he has been an active 
practitioner in the Lancaster district. 

In iSS-- ^\v. ^fcClenaglian \va< united 
in mavriag-e to Miss Lottie Swartz, a daugh- 
ter of tlie Rev. A. and Catherine (Ruby) 
Swartz. Her father was pa^tor of the En- 
ghsh I-utheran church and is a well known 
divine of that denomination. Mr. and Mrs. 
McClcnaghan have one son. William S., 
uho is now a student. In public office our 
subject has manifested a loyal devotion to 
the general good. He was for si.\ years a 
member of the city cour.cil. and in 1895 '^^"^^ 
electe<J prc>secuting- attorney of Fairfield 

county for a term of three years, entering 
upon tlie discharge of his duties in i^qG. 
He was afterward re-elected ami is now in 
the latter part of his second term. His 
political suppi.irt has always been given the 
Denii cracy and he has taken a verv active 
part in county and state politics. He be- 
longs to Philo Lodge, L O. O. F., of \\'est 
Rushville. and also to the Knights of Pyth- 
ias fraternity. His nature is kindly, his 
temperament jovial and genial and his man- 
ner courteous. He has a thorough and 
comprehensive knowledge of the law and in 
this neither fear nor favor can swerve him 
from the strict, and impartial j)erformance 
of his dutv. 


Thr)mas Ewing was born in Ohio 
county, near Wheeling, West Virginia, De- 
cember 28, i/Sy. His father was Captain 
George Ewing, a soldier of the army i:if the 
Revolution, v.ho at the close of the war 
left his home in Xew Jersey for the west. 
Owing to trouble with the Lidiar.s in the 
Ohio territory he settled temporarily in 
Virginia. In a few years the Lulians proved 
peaceful and he continued, his journey to 
Ohio and settled on what is now known as 
Federal creek, in Athens county. Young 
Ewing worked upon his father's farm untd 
nineteen years of age. reading in the mean- 
time such books as were to l)e found in the 
cabins of the settlers and in the new librarv 

which they had purchased. Being ambitious, 
to obtain an education, he prevailed upon his 
father to permit him to go to the Kanawha 
Salt Works and earn the necessan.- miaiey. 
He walked through the woods to the Ohio 
river and got aljoard a keel boat and worked 
his passage to the salines. This was in the 
year 1S09. In Deceml>er of the same year 
he returned hun.ic, went to Athens and spent 
three months there as a student. In the 
spring of iSio he went again to the salt 
works to earn more money. He was suc- 
cessful, returned home and paid off his 
father's debts. The winter of 18 10 and 
181 1 he spent at home reading the l:ook- if 
the library. In the spring of 181 1 he agaii> 

-M.j\il\r.'A: AV U\T 

it: .u->. I 

:-i-.'^ -,;mI Oi ^. 

.DV'ii .v,"i .^/.woin 

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went til the salt works, and after a summer's 
work returned lioine witli six hundred d'd- 
lars in nii.'ney. ITe immediately eiuered tiic 
Ohio L'niversity. licinc^ tNsenty-rme years of 
ape. and cr.ntimied a stuuerit tliere until the 
sprino- ,'if 1815. when lie graduated with 
hr)Ui>r. After his graduation he again re- 
tiu'ue 1 ti- Kanawha anil in six weeks earned 
one hundred and fifty dollars. With this 
sum he returned heme, and in July of tlie 
same year, 1S15, he came to Lancaster and 
commenced the study of law with General 
Eeecher. During iiis college term he taught 
school cue term at (iallipolis. Ohio, and the 
Athens county records show that "he occa- 
sirmally acted as surveyor. Before entering 
General Beeclier's office he had read Blaek- 
stone, and after fourteen months of hard 
study, sixteen hours per day, he was ad- 
mitted to th.e bar in August. 18 16. being 
then past twenty-four years of age. 

His tirst speech as an attorney was 
made in the court house at Circleville. Ohio. 
In 1S17 he was apprinted prosecuting at- 
torney for Athens county, notwitlistanding 
the fact that he lived in Lancaster, forty-five 
miles distant. He served as such f.r the 
years 1S17-18-19 and 20 and again in 1824 
and .1825. He was prosecuting attorney for 
tlie county of Fairfield from the year iSiS 
to 1S30. Three or four years after being 
■admitted to the bar Mr. Ewing married 
Maria, daughter of Boyle, clerk of 
the court and one of the pioneers of Lan- 
caster. In the year 1S24 he formed a part- 
nership with his young friend, Henry Stan- 
bery, which continued a few ye.irs. They 
soon became great rivals at the Lancaster 

bar and upon the circuit. Imt this did in/t 
disturb or mar the fricutlship of their early 

Mr. Ewing soon rose to eminence as a 
lawyer and \\h\'^ politician. He had the 
h.nior to dcli\er the oration at Hebron, 
Ohio, when the llr^t shovelful of earth was 
thrown l>y Governor DeW'itt Clintou upon 
tiie sur\eyed line of the Ohio canal. In 
1831 he was elected b_\- the Ohio legislature 
as senator of the L'nited States and served 
.six }'ears. He soon became an inllueutial 
member of the senate and a good debater, 
making for hini>elf a national reputatii^ni. 
]n 1841 he was secretary of the treasury in 
Pre>ident Harrison's cabinet. In 1849 li^ 
was secretary of the interior under Presi- 
dent Taylor and c>rganized that department. 
L'nfortunately fur Mr. Ewing and the coun- 
try, both presidents died early in their ad- 
ministrations, so that he did iitit liave an 
opiMrtunity for the display of his gre:it 
abilities as a cabinet ofticer. 

In 1 85 1 Thomas Corwin, then senator 
from Ohio, resigned and Go\-ernor Ford ap- 
pointed Mr. Ewing to till the vacancy. Mr. 
Corwin, when nominated for senator, de- 
feated Mr. E\\ ing in the caucus by one vote. 
That \ote was cast by General Joe Geiger, 
of Circleville, w horn Air. F.wing had in some 
way Ckffended. Great as Mr. Ewing was as 
a statesman, his great fame will rest upon his 
al)ility as a lawyer, a lawyer rooted aii'l 
grounded in the fundamental principles of 
the law. In a purely legal argument lie was 
without a rival at the Ohio bar. In the 
courts of Ohio Henry Stanbery was his 
most formidal.ile competitor. They were (i^ji- 



])use(l to cacli ntlicr nn all great cases. In 
the great ca^e dI tlie Metliodist Episcoi)al 
cluircli. Mr. I'.wing re]>resente(l the north, 
Mr. Stanbery the s>,.uth. As all tlie world 
knows, Mr. E\\ ing' won the case. Good 
jndges pronounced his argument a wonder- 
ful production. In the Martha \\'ashing- 
t'ln case, tiied in the L'nited States ci^'urt at 
Coluinhus. Stanhcry appeared for the prose- 
cution and Kwing tor the defence. Air. 
I'"wing submitted the case without argu- 
ment, nuich to the .-urjirise of Stanbery, w ho 
hail a carefully prepared speech, and the 
jury lirought in a verdict for defendants. 
During the trying times of the Rebellicni, 
when his Ix'ys and srm-in-law were at the 
frirnt, he was in constant communication 
with the authorities at Washington. His 
advice was often snught by the administra- 
tion and freely gi\en. It was mainly (as his 
friends claim) n]>i n his atlvice that Mason 
and Slidell were surrendered and a war with 
England averted. He left a .-ick-bed and 
made his way to Washington to advise with. 
President Lincoln on this occasion. He 
lived to see peace and a reunited country. 
Mr. Ewing was a man of splendid form, 
string and acti\e. and many gi:)o<l stories 
are told of his strength and agility. He 
could jump higher than any >oung man he 
ever met. and but few. if any, could throw 
him down. He is credited with imce taking 
an a_x by the hamlle and throwing it over 
the court house steeple. 

After Mr. Ewing became established as 
a law\er, he. in company with Hon. Samuel 
E. \'inton. purchased and operated the 
Chauncev Salt Works, in .Kthens countv. 

They continued the business for twent\- 
years or niore and finally turned it over to 
Colonel Steele, Ewing's sun-in-law. After 
the death of President Harrison. Mr. Ewing 
did not remain b.nig in Txder's cabinet. 
Tyler and his cabinet differed radically on 
th.e bank fiuc^tioni in particular, and tliey 
were not long in tendering their resignation. 
Mr. Ewing wri.te and published a lengthy 
letter explaining why he left the cabinet, 
and (juotefl conversaticjns with the president 
and convers.atidus that took place in cabinet 
meetings, that the public might fully under- 
stand his reasons for this breach of confi- 
dence, as his enemies termed it. He was 
roundly alntsed by all of the leading Demo- 
cratic papers of the country, harsh terms 
and abusive language idling their columns. 
Mr. Ewing was not injured in Ohio: he was 
tendered yniblic dinners by the enthusiastic 
^^'higs of Columbus and Zanesville. From 
184 1 to iSGo Mr. Ewing was engaged in 
his profession in large and important suits, 
both in the couns of Ohio and of the United 
States. The Stoddard case, a case involv- 
ing Spanish land titles, he tried in St. Louis 
and was successful. He spent four months 
or more in acquiring the Spanish language, 
that he might more fully understand and 
prosecute his case. Much of his time in 
])reparation was spent in~ Cincinnati. \\ bile 
tb.ere he made the acquaintance of an intelli- 
gent photographic artist, in whose office he 
was accustomed to unbend himself when 
tired of his work. This artist states that 
in conversation with Air. Ewing he was 
surprised to learn that he knew more about 
the photographic art than he knew himself. 



This is iii.t sur])ri^inQ to tllM^e \vhi> knew 
Mr. Ewin- fnr lit- \va^ a ripe sclinlar, well 
read and at huine iiijon an_\ suhjeol that he 
mig'iit he called upon tn discuss. 

He liad as>isied lii> father to make a 
new licnic in Indiana, where tlie old gentle- 
man died January 14. ]8_'4. This home 
was on the Ohio river, near Cannelton, and 
at the time of which we write was occupied 
hy .Mr. Ewing's aged hrcther George. 
While at St. l.ouis trying the Stoddard case 
lie notified his hrother that > n a cerl-;iin day 
on his way home his hoat would pass Can- 
nelton 1 nt would not stop. The hoat reached 
the point in due time and th.e ageil hrother 
was in his chair on the river bank sur- 
rounded hy his family. As the boat drew 
near Mr. Ewing sto-<?d at the railing, sur- 
rounded by the deeply interested passengers: 
he greeted his Ijmther and the salutation 
was returned. As the boat passevl up strean> 
the old man ar(^se. trembling with age and 
(|ui\ering with emijtir}n. and b<_">\\ed a tare- 
well for the last time, never again to meet 
or see his brother this side of the gates of 
the spirit world. 

Mr. Ewing vlied Octolier 26, 1871. at 
his home in Lancaster. His funeral was 
largely attended. On his deathbed he said 
to a friend. "I have lived a long, useful and 
eventful life and I am ready to go." The 
hon( rary pallbearers were: Gi>\ern<)r R. B. 
Hayes: Senator John Sherman: Senator 
Allen G. Thurman : Judge Welsh, of the 
supreme court: M. A. Daugherty. John D. 
^fartin. Charles Borland. Samuel Herr. Dr. 
T. O. Ivlwards. Darius Tallmadge, George 
G. Beck. Charles M. L. Wiseman. J. F. Van- 

demark. H.;cking H.. Hunter, John T. 
lirasee, H.n. Henry Stanbery. Jame- K. 
I'carse, Samuel .\. Griswjld, Jacob i'.eck 
and l'~rederick .\. l<"oster , of Lancaster; 
John Jl. James, of Crbana: A. B. Walker, 
of Athens: W. Marshall Anderson, of 
Circleville: Charles H. C^ddard, of Zanes- 
\ille: George Reber, of Sandusky: and 
Henry B. Curtis, of Mt. X'ernou. 

About the year 181S the si utlitrn part 
of Fairlield county was infested with a 
gang of thie\es and counterfeiters, who for 
months or years had evaded L-r escaj'.cd 
from the officers of the law and defied ar- 
rest, 'ilnimas Ewing. who was pn\secuting 
attorney, became tired of this and retjuested 
to be sworn in as special constalde, which 
was accordingly done. He selected a half- 
dozen choice spirits, who. like liimself, were 
large, strong and active men, of kmnvn 
courage and discreti<Mi^ — Xathaniel Reed, 
Christian Xeililing, Adam Weaver, Chris- 
tian King, David Reese and Elnathan Sco- 
field. They proceeded to the rendezvous, 
surround.ed the hiaisc and captured the 
gang, binding the leader, who was in charge 
of Mr. Ewing. Scofield wa^ about to be 
o\-erpowered, when E-wing went to his re- 
lief. The leader seized this moment lor 
escape, and though his hands were bound, 
jumped out out of a second story windi'W 
and made his escape in the darkness. The 
others were tried, coindcted ami sent to 

During tlie years Mr. Ewing wa.^ prose- 
cutor and for many years previous there 
were numerous distilleries in the couiuy. aiul 
merchants evervwhere sold rr ga\e li([uor 

• . .1.) ■■:•• :;M 1 ■.! '-: ~ \' -hirn::- , V.'-A Of!-/ ■■ 

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.•ft •■! Jl!-I(: .^/; ( 

rny i/c;^ t:' 'iI - j-!5('/ms''> »>jr .,iiy?->fr: -rr 



away to their cu-tumers and wlii-kcy was a 
un.i\cr^al Leverage. Alony in the 'jo.- 
tlic .sale cf it was regulated .^..unew hat by 
statute. The records sliow that Mr. Ewing. 
as prosecutor, procured indicinieiit.-, against 
Latta, Connell and Ainswurth. Cdiristian 
King- and Henry .\rnold lor sehing whiskey 
in quantities less than than one quart. They 
were tried and tineij five dollars and costs 
each. Jolm and John C. W'illock 
were witnesses in two of the cases, being 
clerks in. the stores. 

George Smettcrs I Smothers) was in- 
dicted t'lir selling three pounds ot pepper at 
retail U> Henry B. jL>y, of the value of one 
liundred and six dijllars. ■"Merchandise not 
the growth and manufacture of the United 
Stales, contrary t'^ th.e form if the statutes 
in such ca.-es ma le and pr(.)vid.ed." T. Ew- 
ing", prosecuting attiirney. Snietters ])leaded 
guilty and was hnetl ten dnllars and costs of 
prosecution. George Smetters was tire 
owner erf a large farm near tow n. but not a 
merchant. He drove a six-liorse team to a 

Omestoga wagiii and carried produce to 
Baltimore and l-rcught nut goods for Lan- 
caster merchants. It is highly probaljle that 
he carrieil small quantities C)f gno'ds of his 
own or for iiis own use and retailed to his 
friends. His case was continued for one or 
two terms and he finally gave Hugh B^wde. 
clerk of the court, a power of attorney to 
plead guilty for him. This very un- 
usual proceeding was accepted by the 
court. Smetters was, no doubt, absent 
from h(-me during the se-sions of the 
court, which was the cause of hi-^ un- 
usual manner of pleading. This indict- 
ment was brought Octoljcr i. 1S21, and 
finally disposed nf in October. 182.2. Judge 
John A. McDowell, presiding. The fore- 
man r>f the grand jury was Samuel F. Mc- 
Cracken. The witnesses were George Burk- 
ley. Chri-;tian R. k-Mhl and Henry B. Joy. 
The fact is. Smetters hatl m- attorney and 
lie enqjowered B'>yle to plead for him and 
submit the matter to the judgment of the 


Joseph S. Turner, who is now living a 
retired life in Bremen after many years' 
connection witli agricultural and industrial 
interests in Fairfield county, was born in 
Rusli Creek township, thi:- c unty. .\pril 21, 

is a son of John and Rebec^ca (Berry) Tur- 
ner. The father was born in the state of 
New York, whence he removed with his 
parents to Virginia, and thence came to 
Fairfield countv, Ohio. Here he made a 

1839. on the old family home-tead of his permanent settlement in 1834. He t.^-k an 
maternal grandfather. Abraham Berry. He active part in promoting the agricultural in- 


tcrests 1-1 tliis pnrt ^f the stale and was a 
progressive, enterprising man. lie niar- 
ricil Reliecca Bevry. a daughter of Ahra- 
hain lierry. who was born in Rockingham 
county. \'irgiiiia. and in i8oS came to Fair- 
fiel<l county, settling in Rush Creek towii- 
shi|). He was a man of considerable mean> 
and as land wa- cheap he piuxhased a large 
tract an'! one of the jirosperous and 
inlluential citizens of his adopted county. 
He married Catherine Fast, and they be- 
came tlie parents of twelve children, nine 
daughters and three sons. The marriage 
■of Jc'lm arid Rebecca ( l'>erry ) Turner was 
blessed with t;ve children : Jaci- b B.. a 
prominent merchant and miller of Bremen; 
Emanuel C; Joseph S. : Abrant B. and 
Peter F. 

Josei'h S. I'luner jnirsued his educa- 
tion in the old Rock sclv-olhouse. contin- 
uing his studies through the winter months 
until fourteen years of age. when he began 
learning- the carpenter's tratle under the 
directii^u of Fphraim Rc-ot. twenty-one 
years he folli^wed that pursuit and was 
closely associated with the building inter- 
ests of his part of the count}', but his busi- 
ness career was interrupted by military serv- 
ice at the time of the Ci\ il war. In 1864 
he enlisted in Company A, Seventeenth 
Ohio \'clunteer Infantry, under the com- 
mand of Captain Butterfield and Colonel B. 
Ward. Tlie regiment was assigned to the 
Army of the Cumljerland and he took part 
in the siege and fall of Atlanta. He also 
■participated in the Ixittles of Mission Ridge, 
Buzzard's Roost. DaltmT. Resaca, Hickory 
I^idge, Peach Tree Creek. Kenesaw Moun- 

tain and others, and after the fall of At- 
lanta the regiment was ordered to j(.iin 
Shermairs army, particiivating in the 
menioralde march to the sea. the campaign 
through the Cari^dinas and the march to 
Washington, where Mr. Turner partici- 
pated in the grand review, the nn st cele- 
brated military pagcarit e\cr seen on the 
wc_~tern bemisp-liere. With the regiment he 
was then orilered to Lexington. Kentucky, 
where he was mustered out and sent home. 

The country no longer needing his serv- 
ices, Mr. Turner resumed w^rk at the car- 
]ienter's trade and for se\eral years was a 
leading representative of building interests 
in this part of the county. He erected a 
numlx^r of the dwellings in and near Bre- 
men, also . liarns and business 
buildings. Farming interests also claimed 
his attention and h.e owned and operated a 
valuable tract of land, which he placed un- 
der a high state of cultivatiim. He con- 
tinued farming until iSSi. when he i)ut 
aside business cares and remo\ed tr) Bre- 
men, where he has since lived retired, en- 
joying a rest which he has truly earned and 
richly deser\-es. 

In 1859 Mr. Turner was united in mar- 
riage to }iliss Mary Ann Fo.x. who was 
born near Pleasantville. Ohir>, February 28. 
1839. She was a daughter of Abram and 
Jane ( Sami)son) Fox. By her marriage 
she has become the mother of seven chil- 
dren: Rebecca J., now deceased: Ella J., 
the wife of A. C. McCandless; Mary E.. 
the wife of Thomas R. Thompson: Lulu 
Alice. whi.> married Harry Click and resides 
at MillerspL>rt : Harvey M., a farmer; 



Gertruilc. tlic wife of Charles fJaiiiran. a 
nicrcliant of l-aiica-ter ; aiul Charles Fcrcst, 
who is a fireman r>n the lailn ad. 

^[r. 'I'urner is a meinher nf John R.:>se 
Pust. G. A. ]\.. and tluis niaii'itains pleas- 
ant relations with his olrl army comrades. 
His life ha;, lieen a useful and active one 

and his history proves conclusively that suc- 
cess is not the result ( f genius but the out- 
growth of ])ractical judgment. e.\[>eriencc. 
diligence an<l ])er^everance. It was throtigh 
the possession of tho.c ([ualities that he ac- 
quired the competence that now enal)!es: 
him to li\e retired. 


Upon the famil}" homestead in Bli-'^^m 
tiTwnship. where he yet resides, Daniel G. 
Hover ^\■a.■^ horn May 8. iiSoS. He traces 
his ancestry hack to Godfrey Bi.ycr. who 
was bnrn. reared an;! died in I^'ennsylvania. 
Daniel Boyer. the grandfather of our sub- 
ject, was a native of Greenfield township, 
this ci>unty, having Ijeen born on the lx)rder 
line of lih.iom tnwnship. At one time he 
owned over (-ne thousand acres of land in 
Fairheld and Henry counties, Ohio, and in 
Wells county. Inrliana. As his financial re- 
sources increased he made jui.licious iiu'cst- 
nients in real estate and thus became an 
extensive land holder. ]\Iarquis Boyer, the 
father of i.ur subject, was bi.irn in Bloom 
tiiwnship. I'airfield county, and became the 
owner of <>ne of the best farms in his por- 
tion of the state. He was a most pn:>greps- 
ive and enter])rising man. diligent and per- 
sistent in all that he undertook, and Ava? 
higlily resiiected as a leading and influential 
man. In liis reli.gicus b.elief he was a Lu- 
theran and frr many years hebl membersiiip 
in a church of that denomination. He mar- 

ried Sarah Dowdall. also a native of Bl'Ji-m 
township, and they became the parents of 
three children: Daniel G.. of this review; 
Jane, the widow of John P'.enson; and 
Mary, the deceased wife of Ezra Com't- 
right. The father died March 7. 18S6, at 
the age of fi a-ty-nine years and six months. 
His widow still survi\-es him and is yet 
living- on the old family homestead. She 
is a daughter of George Dowdall, a native 
of Maryland, who became one of the pioneer 
settlers of Bloom township. By liis wife, 
Xancy, he had se\'en children, namely: 
Michael: ^^lary. the wife of Isaac Eberley : 
Margaret, the wife of Joseph Price; Han- 
nah, the wife of Henry Jeffries: Catherine, 
the wife of Hamilton Howard: Mrs. Sarah 
Boyer: and Jcseph. who is living in Colum- 

In taking up the personal history of 
Daniel G. B)0\er. we present to i>ur readers 
the life record < f one who is widely and 
favorably known in this crainty. He ac- 
quired his education in the common sch'~>ri]? 
and in the Frankbn Count v Xormal Schc-jl. 

J ■ ''■' .1 AllVlA'X 



When twenty-one years i,f atje he began 
teaclnno- and for twelve years followed that 
prufosion in Bliioin and \'iolel townships 
tln•ou.^h the winter niomhs. In the summer 
he carried on the work ( f the h.ome farm. 
He tanght for several consecutive years in 
the A\'aterloo and \iolet township schools 
as principal and g-ained a wide reputation as 
a most capalde educat'ir and disciplinarian. 
He had the ability to impart clearly and 
ci ncisely to otliers the knowledge which, he 
had acquired and his lab:-:rs a5 a teacher 
gave excellent satisfaction. 

In May. rSgi. Mr. Coyer was united in 
marriage to Inez Brandt, a daughter of 
Jesse l\. and Amanda ( \\'ei-t ) Brandt, of 

Bloom township, in wlKJse family there 
were \'nc children. ^Irs. Boyer being the 
eldest. The others are Inez L. : U. S.. an 
attorney: Bertha, deceased: and James Her- 
bert, wh.. is als.) jiracticing law. Two chil- 
dren have graced the union of Mr. and rvlrs. 
Beyer — Russell Grant, who died in i.'^04. at 
the age of two and a half year> : and Marv 
Marguerite, born in October. 1803. The 
l^arents hold n'embcrship in Zi' in church in 
Bloo;u towuship and are well known in the 
ci luity in which their entire li\-es ha\-e been 
passed. The liMspitality of many of the b.est 
liomes in Blo<>m township is extended to 
them and they enjoy the warm regard of 
manv friends. 


It is an important* public duty to honor 
and perpetuate as far as is possible the 
memory of an eminent citizen — one who by 
his blameless and honr.rable life and distin- 
guished career reflected credit upon the city 
in which he so long made his home. 
Througli such memorials as this at hand the 
individual and the character of his services 
are kept in remembrance an<l t.he importance 
of thijse services ackiTjwledged. His ex- 
ample in wdiate\"er field his w<jrk may have 
l-ieeu done thus stands as an object lesson 
to those who cmue after him. and though 
dead. he still speaks. L'-ng after all recol- 
lectii n of his :)erst:iualitv shall have faded 

frcni the minds of men the less perishable 
record may tell the sti.»ry of his life and com- 
mend his example for imitatirn. Xo man 
was ever more respected in Lancaster or 
ever more fully enjoyed the conhtlence of 
the people tlian J.ihn K. Mumaugh. whose" 
Itonorable and straightforward business 
career was crowned with a lu'gh and well 
merited degree of success and who in other 
walks of life contributed largely t'' the up- 
building and improvement of the cit\-. 

Mr. Mumaugh was born in Fairfield 
ci unty. near the city of Lancaster, on the 
2('\h of Jaiuiary. 181S. Xo event of special 
impi'rtance occurred to vary the routine of 



Tiis early life, which was largely ilevoted tn 
the acquirement oi an education, hut after 
putting- aside his texl-hcMks he entered the 
electrical world of husiness and thereafter 
was an active factor in ci>ininercial and 
financial circles of J.aricaster. In 1839 he 
took uj) his ahode in this city, opened an 
;>ffice and engaged in general iKjokkeeping 
and estahlished a collection agency! c;radu- 
ally he extended the field of his bliors 
until it enihraced the hanking and real- 
estate l.iusiness. He handled much valuahle 
propert}- and his hanking (.peraticns were 
also extensive. He .-u-tained an un.i-^sail- 
able reputation in husiness circles, where his 
word was considered as good as any liond 
that wa> e\er solemnized by signature or 
seal. He was ever faithful to a business 
ohligati' n and conscientious in the per- 
formance of every financial trust. 

Mr. Mumaugh was united in marriage 
by the Rev. John W'agenhals to Miss 
Hosannah Schaeffer. the eldest daughter of 
Frederick and Julia .\nn Schaefter and 
granddaughter of Abraham Bloom, for 
whom the beautiful little city of Elooms- 
Ijurv. Xew Jersev. was named. He also 
fouglit in die Revolutionary war with 
General Washington from the time the hos- 
tilities began until Great Britain withdrew 
her tr^iCips and acknowledged the inde- 
pendence of the republic. Unto Mr. and 
ISIrs. }klumaugh were born si'X children, of 
whom two died in infancy, while Charles 
Frederick, the eldest son, who was a resi- 
dent of Lancaster, died in 1897. Those still 
living are John S.. who resides in Cali- 
fornia ; and Sallie and Fannie, who are liv- 

ing in the iild home in this city. The\- also 
reared a niece of Mrs. Mumaugh. Julia 
Baniion. who for seventeen year> was a 
member of the household. She is now 
Mrs. \'ern.;n. of Camden. Xew Jersey. 

Mr. .Mumaugh was a prominent and 
\alued member of the Independent Order of Fellows, belonging to Charity Lodge 
and H(xk Hocking Encampment of this city. 
He was also an exemplary representative of 
the Masonic fraternity, in which he had 
taken all the degrees of the Yc)rk rite, and 
his funeral sers'ices were ci^nducted by Lan- 
caster Commandery. Xo. 2. Knights 'J'em- 
plar. Fi r thirty _\ears he was a consistent 
and faithful member of the St.'s 
Epi.-ci.pal church and for a quarter of a cen- 
tury he served the congregation as junior 
and senior warden, h'dding the latter oiiice 
at the time of his death, which occurred on 
the 5th of Feliruary, 18SS. The man_\ beau- 
tiful iioral tributes aral the large concourse 
of pec>ple who atteivled the funeral showed 
how widely he was known and hoinDred in 
Lancaster, where he was so well known, 
and where an uiiright life and strong sym- 
pathy had endeared him to all with whom 
he came in contact. He was a devoted hus- 
band and kind and indulgent father, a con- 
siderate neighbor and a consistent follower 
of the Master, and when he closed his eyes 
in death it was with the firm belief in a 
glorious awakening into everlasting life. 

Mrs. ^Mumaugh survived her husljand 
for a numljer of years, endearing herself 
to all as the days passed. Slie passed away 
on Christmas eve of 1901. In speaking of 
her death a local pai)er said : "For the past 



lialf century ^[rs. ]\[uinaug:li lias rcstded 
the liandsi.nie old colonial hcnise in whii 
she died, and no one will be more s;yl 
mis?ed tlian this beautiful, noble and he 
pitablc Chri-itian wmnan. She \va 

full of 

gnity and grace and the do<irs of her 
charming' home were ahvavs <3pen to receive 
and entertain her host of friends: and it 
can be truthfully said that no liome within 
the city of Lancaster has for the past tu'ty 
years entertained more people of note and 
distinction, both old and vouno-. than the 

Mumaugh home. Mrs. Mumaugh was. 
especially fond of young peupile and their 
society, and they seemed ti' llcck t-'ward 
her. tier many acts of charitv were with- 
out number, but whenever she ga\e and 
■\\hate\'er she did for the good and comfort 
of others slie never sp^ ke f»f. and many 
of the p' »:'r and needy w ill doubly mis> her. 
Her noble life, her womanly graces o\ char- 
acter, her strong sympathy ha\'e made her 
memory a blessed benediction to all who- 
knew her." 


Isaac Clayiwol, deceased, passed his en- 
tire life in the house where he first opened 
his eyes to the light of day, on the 29th of 
June, 182 1. Thrcvughout the intervening 
period he not only watched with interest 
the progress of events which have made the 
county's histor}-, but bore his part in the 
work of improvanent and ai.l\-ancement, 
and well does he deserve mention as one 
of tlie hon.jred citizens of the community. 
He represented one of the oldest families 
of the county and traced his ancestr\- back 
to James Claypciol, who was I»rn,February 
16, 1701, and died October 9, 17S9. His 
wife, Jane Claypoc>l. passed away June 2. 
1758. They resided near Mo-jrefield. 
Hardy county. West Virginia. 

Their son, James Claypool, Jr., the 
grandfather of our subject, was born De- 

cember I, 1730, and died August 11, 1811. 
He was married October 31, 1753, to ^Nlar- 
garet Dunbar, who was born Xo\'ember 20, 
1736, and died March 26, 1813. She was 
a daughter oi J.jhn Dunbar. Unto James 
and ^Margaret (Dunbar) Claypool were 
born the following children : Margaret 
Ann, whc> was born February 9, 1754, an<l 
married David Thomas ; Hannah, who \vas. 
born November G, 1756, and became Mrs. 
Evans; Jane, who was b<jrn January 31, 
175S, and married .\bram Peppers, who re- 
moved with his family to Ross county, Ohio;. 
Abraham, who was born April 2, 1762. 
and marrieil Ann Wilson, locating in R<>ss 
county; Esther, who was born August 28, 
1764. and became the wife of Jeremiah 
Jacobs, their home lieing in ['.!(« mtield. 
Xelson countv. Kentuckv : Ruth. \\\v^ wa.-i. 



\n-rn July 21. 176''). ami niarrieil Ri>Lcrt 
Dentin, of Covington. I'nuntain cixnity, 
Indiana: Jsaac. wlm \va< horn Fchniary 7. 
i/fK). ami married Miss Macker, li>>:aling 
in Ross county: Rachel. l)orn Januarv 9. 
1771. the wife of Juhn Wo ■liard, of Lick- 
ing county; Rhoda. fwrn INIarch 25, 1773: 
Jacob, who was born March 17. 1775. and 
became tlie fatlier of our ^ubject : Eli,-!al)eth, 
born March 19. 1778: and Ker-ey. born 
July 7. 1780, the wife of Isaac Blizzard, of 
Licking c unty. 

Jacob Ciaypool. the father, was united 
in marriage to Margaret P.aker. of Harri- 
siinburg. Rockingham ci->unty. \'irgiuia, 
March 5. 1709. She was a daughter of 
Michael Raker of that place and dieil near 
Lancaster. Ohio, June 22. 1828. while 
Jacob Claypoc-l rlied October 27. 1843. 
Tiieir children were nine in number. Em- 
ma. l>irn April 2, 1800. was married Octo- 
ber 19. T820. to Joseph Grubb. and died 
May 20. 1832. Eli^al'.eth. b,nrn Au.gust 17, 
'1801, was married l\Larch 12. 1822. to Ste- 
phen Yale, of S. imerset. and died Septem- 
ber 10. 1823. Mary horn Januar}- 12. 1803, 
tlie.l Augu-t 13. 1823. James, born Xovem- 
bcr 14. 180J, died ^Lay 17. 1824. Allx:rt. 
horn December 5. 1S06. was married March 
23, 182(^1. to Phel)e Hooker, a daughter of 
Richard Hooker, and after her death 
wedded Rebecca Mounts. He died near 
Morrow, Ohio. Xovember 2: 1872. Wesley, 
born Febniary 15. iSio. died June 2^. 
1877. He was married Xovember 9. 1830, 
to Katherine McX'eil. who died Fel;ruary 
22. 1879, at Chillicothe. Ohio. Felix, l>>rn 
March 8, 1812. died September i. 182*'.. 

Jacob, bo.rn February 23, 1816. died May 
26, 1835. '" Philadelphia. PennsyKania. 
Isaac, the youngest of the fajiiily. is the 
subject of this review. 

It was iu the year 1808 that the parents 
remo\-ei! fn m \'irgiuia t.> Fairfield couni_\-. 
Ohio, 1l eating iu the midst of the forest, 
where the father built a log cabin and then 
began to c'ear and cultivate the land. He 
paid eight di^llars per acre for one-half of 
his land and tVr the other half he gave less 
than that ani'.unt. As acre after acre was 
cleareil he jilaced it under the plow and in 
course of time abundant harvests rewarded 
his labors, but in the early days the family 
endured all of the hardships and trials of 
life on the frontier. This farm was not 
S( Id at the time of the government land 
sales but was a part of the Indian reserva- 
tion rccupied by the Wyantlotte tribe and 
known as \"ankeetown. Jame-s Brooks. Mr. 
Croi;k and l^rake Taylor squatted on this 
land in the year 1799 and it was purchased 
by Jacol) Claypxil in 1805. Abnut three 
years later he located thereon and l.niik the 
house in whicii his son Isaac continued to 
live throughout his life. He educated him- 
self in land surveying and iu this as well 
as in all other transactions of life he proved 
ti:> be a man of more than ordinary ability. 
His m>te bo->ks show that he surveyed land 
in all parts of the state. He was three times 
electeil to the state legislature, tir-t in 1816. 
again in 1818, and a third time in 1822. but 
still higher honors awaited him, for in 
1824 he was chosen to represent his dis- 
rict iu t!ie state senate, tilling that i>>>ition 
with credit to himself and satisfaction to his 



constituents. Thn us:li"nt his Intsiness ca- 
reer lie fiHi.wctl (li'Mvina: ami as late as 1S40 
(ln;\e st^ ck t'> all the principal eastern mar- 
kets. He was nnt cnly an eilucaicil man, 
init was th(.>run_i.;h ami ciirrect in all business 
transactions. h\ i8jr> the Barret wiX'len 
mills, of Fairfield county, were destroyed 
by hre and as the owner was iK>t able to re- 
build. Jac'ib Clayjioiil, John Creed and Sant- 
tiel F. MacCracken were connni^^i'>ncd In' 
the state legislature tu 1 rganize a liatery 
comiiany. tlie earnings of which were to be 
used in rebuilding the mill. Mr. Cla\];oi_>I 
was often called upon to settle estates, be- 
ing well (|ualified for this by reason of his 
known business ability and his intlexible 

Isaac ("layp. ■',], the ycvange^t member of 
the family, was reared amid the wild scenes 
of pioneer life, and began his education in the 
old-time log school house Si3 civmnicu at an 
early day. He afterward attended the acad- 
emy in Greenfield township and he remnined 
at Imme imtil twenty-tw(j }-ears of age, 
when, en the 17th of August, 1843, he mar- 
ried Xancy Mason, wh(.» had been his school- 
mate in chijdhi 'lid days. She was a daugh- 
ter of Juliu and Ann Ma.-^on. and was born 
January 22. iSji. her death occurring Oc- 
tober 16, 1855. On the i8th of March, 
1858, Mr. Cla_\iiocl was again married, his 
second union being with Sarah A. Pierce, 
who was born in Dover, Xew Hampshire. 
November 15. 1836. and died March 18, 
1893. ^'1 tlie 1st of August. i8<j;. Mr. 
Claypool married Amia E. Cosgrove, who 
was Ixirn .\pril 9. 1843. in Mifflin county, 
Pennsylvania, and died March 2^,, 1898. 

By the marriage of Isaac and Xancy 
Claypnul were I;orn the following named: 
Jacob is represented on another page of this 
work; Anna Mary was lx)rn July 15, 1844; 
Ennna Eliza was b. rn Xovember jo. 184S, 
and wa< married June 7. 1877. to David 
Bnffner and after his death was married 
September 10. 1889, to Alexander Mc- 
Cowan ; James is also mentioned on another 
page i.if this work: Xancy Jane, burn .Vu- 
gust 25. 1853. was married Sep.temlicr 3, 
1874, to Smiley Caldwell, and died Septem- 
ber 12, 1888. Their children were Jacob 
Maurice, born March 29. 1876: Earl Clav- 
pi.iol, Ix'rn December 19. 1877: Fannv 
IJeatrice. who was born September 21, 
1879. and died February 2^. 1889: and 
.\nna Eucile. born January 8. 188^). Rv 
the second marriag-e of Isaac Cla}pi.ol there 
were fiur children: Frank Pierce. liMrn 
April 16, 1859. was married Octulicr i. 
1883. to Lizzie Prindle. by whom he has 
one son. Isaac, born August 14. 1889. John 
Rel^r. the second member of the family, 
was born March 11, i8f)i. ami was married 
Alarch I, 1884. t" Ketta Carnes. their chil- 
dren lieing Ralidi Elbridge. bi:rn .\ugust 
7, 1885; and Sarah .\bl)ie. born January 
2. 1888. Ada Maud and Ida Pierce, twin 
daughters of Isaac and Sarah Clayp^jl. 
were born April 13, 1865. The latter was 
married Octol>er 10. 1888. to William E. 
Shell, and died Sq)teml-;er 10. 1894. Ada 
Maud was married September 14. 1892. to 
Albert F. Crayton. and they have one child. 
Abigail, born May 31. 1896. 

Immediately after his first marriage 
Isaac ClayjKHjl, Sr.. located on tlie old home 



farm, and at the time of his deatli he and 
James W. \\"il.-Mn were the oldest resident? 
oi the township. He always carried on 
fanning ant! stock-raising;, and was the 
only man that ever took a drove of cattle 
fro!n this cinity to Boston, Massacliusetts. 
He was a yonng man when he made that 
trip. I'or many years lie continued to en- 
gage in st'.ck-dealing and at one time he 
was the owner of twelve hnndred acres of 
land, all in Greenfield township. At the 
time of his death he -till owned nine hun- 
dren acres, having given the other three 
hundred acres to his children. For some 
time he lived retired, his scm John R. tran- 
sacting his business affairs. In politics he 
was first a Whig and on the dissolution of 
the party he became a Republican, voting 
for Lincoln and-McKinley and all the inter- 
vening presidents of that party. He was ap- 

pointee! l)y Governor Ford as a meml)er ot" 
the committee t(> purchase the Home Fann 
of Oliio, and while he was never a [kAi- 
tician in the sense of office seeking, he ex- 
erted considerable influence in political and 
public affairs. He was largely instrumental 
in securing the right of way for the Cin- 
cinnati. Hamilton & Dayton Railroad 
through the county, giving the rigiit of way 
on his own land and helping to secure it 
from others. He was long a faithful mem- 
l3er of the Presbyterian church and his life 
was in harmony with its teachings. Hon- 
orable and upright, true to his friends, re- 
liable in business and loyal in citizenship, 
from pioneer times to the time of his death 
Isaac Clay]:)ool was an honored resident of 
Fairfield county, where he always main- 
tained his home and where he was a rev- 
ered patriarch of the community. 


In taking up tlie personal liistor_\- of Dr. 
Frank P. Strayer we present to our readers 
the life record of one who is widely known 
in Fairfield county. Here he has spent his 
entire life and has become known not only 
as a successful physician "and surgeon of 
Bremen but also as a gentleman of extensive 
and important business interests, belonging 
to that class of representative Am.ericans 
who while promoting their individual suc- 
cess also advance the general prosperity. 

The Doctor was born in the village of 
Sugar Grove. Fairtield county, October :?3, 
1S55. His father. Jacob Strayer. was a na- 
tive of Maryland. lx>rn in 181S, and with 
his parents. Nicholas and Eva (Everhart) 
Strayer. came to Fairfield county. The year 
1828 witnessed their arrival and the family 
settled in Berne township near wiiat is now 
Berne Station, where the grandfather and 
grandmother spent their remaining days. 
Jacob Strayer, the Doctor's father, was 

■A VI j:\''A .\\- 


m ,1 AVIA^H 




A i 



/ 1 


^■aaiafejitflif f-i-f "'"'■ '- '- 




reared to manhrKxl on tlie lM family hiniie- 
stcacl and afterward married Sarah K. l>ran- 
don, of Berne township, a daiiirhter of Will- 
iam and Xancy (Barr) Brandon. Her jxir- 
ents were natives of \'irginia. ha\iiiL: been 
born in KKckingham conr.ty in the Old 
Dominion. when<.-e they emigrated westward 
to Fairtield county, Ohio. The natal day of 
Airs. Strayer was October 20, 1825. Her 
girlhood day> were -[lent under the parental 
roof iu' Fairtield county and when she at- 
tained womanhood she gave her hand in 
marriage to Jacob Strayer. They began 
their domestic life i>i the village of Sugar 
Grove, where for a numljer of years he en- 
gaged in general merchandising, but at 
lengtli he disjxised of his stock of goixls and 
removed t(.> the farm owned by his father, 
Nicholas Strayer. There he eng-aged in 
agricultural pursuits until his death, which 
occurred November 29. 1884. His wife 
passed away in July. \<jc>o. In their family 
were eight children, six c*! whon; reached 
years of maturity, two having died in in- 
fancy. The living are: William J., a 
farmer : Eliza J., the widt-'W of Noah Seifert ; 
P. W. ; Flora A., the wife of S. ^^^ Lehman. 
of Bremen; Qiarles B., a resident farmer of 
Illinois ; Ella, w'no is married and resides in 
the state of Washington. 

Doctor Strayer, whose name introduces 
this record, pursued his education in the com- 
mon schools. He afterward went to Worth- 
ington, where he continued his studies for 
some, time, and after preparing for college 
he entered the Ohio Wesleyan University at 
Delaware, where he attended for several 
terms. At intervals he engaged in teaching 

schcul and he began jireparation for the 
practice of medicine as a student in the 1 >tiice 
of Dr. E. A. l'ramt.:n. of Bremen. Later he 
matriculated in the i.\.lumbu> Medical Col- 
lege, which was afterward merged in the 
Starling Medical College, and in that insti- 
tution he was graduated in the cla.-s of 1879. 
After his graduation he located in Bremen, 
where he opened an office and has since been 
actively engaged in practice, his success in- 
creasing as the years have gone by. He has 
gXKxl ability Ixxh as a physician and surgeon. 
and the desirable results which have attended 
his efforts have won public confidence in his 
skill. In connectii:>n with his practice he is 
engaged in the manufacture of manv kinds 
of handles, operates a planing mill and a 
sawmill and is manufacturing hard lumber. 
His industrial interests are proving profit- 
able and bring to him a gc-od return on his 

For several years he was a member of 
the city cramcil and his efforts were eft'ective 
and far reaching in promoting measures of 
general good. He was instrumental in pro 
viding Bremen with paved walks, built of 
brick of a superior quality. In furthering- 
this cause the Doctor used his own time and 
a considerable amount of capital. He met' 
with stubborn oppositiun from manv of the' 
taxpayers, but succeeded in securing the 
paving and now receives praise from those 
wh(j were among the strongest opponents. 
He has always been a stanch advocate of 
good roads, and through his zeal and activity 
Bremen has fine gravel roads leading out 
into the country for miles each waw He is 
regarded as one of the most public-spirited 


nveii in tliis portimi of the county, and ccr- welfare is always sure to receive his c<> 

tainly his eftV.rt- lKi\e been of material oiieration ami suppnrt and well di>es he de- 

Ix-neiii to the cnnmiunity. Any movement serve mention ammig the rei)resentative and 

which he believes uill prumote the general lunorcd men of P.renien. 


In no profe-iii'U within the last half 
century has there been as rapid develop- 
ment and prijgress as in the pn>fession of 
dentistry. Rapid strides ha\e been made 
toward perfection and with the nvst ad- 
vanced thought and method? of the day Dr. 
Charles Wilhaighby Outcalt has kept in 
tc^uch in the conduct of his office in Lan- 
caster, where a large and constantly increas- 
ing patronage is accorded him. 

A native of Lancaster, he was born in 
18' 14. where he grew to manhix^d, acquir- 
ing his literary education in the public 
sclniols. He is a son of Jesse and Cather- 
ine (Davis) Outcalt. also natives of this 
county. On putting aside his te.xt l>xiks, 
from \vhich he had accpiired his literary edu- 
cation, the Doct(_>r began preixiring for the 
profession of dentistry, ljeci>niing a student 
in the cfhce of Dr. Palmiter. of Lancaster, 
uniler whose direction he not only obtained 
therretical knowledge but also much prac- 
tical exj>erience. In 1887 he matriculated 
in the dental department 'A the University 
of Pennsylvania and in that institution was 
graduated. Immediately afterward he re- 
turned to Lancaster, and his success here 
sets at naught the old adage that a prophet 

is never without honor save in his own 
country, for in the city in which his entire 
life has been jiassed Dr. Outcalt has built 
up a large busines';. He is thoroughly con- 
versant with and in touch with the nwst im- 
proved methods' of worknlan^hip. has all 
the m.jst improved instruments and appli- 
ances for adxancing his efficieiTcy in prac- 
tice and the excellent character of his work 
has enabled him to enjoy a ])raciice that is 
constantly growing in numliers. 

In 1893 l^i'- Outcalt was united in mar- 
riage to ]Miss Adelaide Cousega, of Lan- 
ca>ter. and their circle of frieiuL- here is 
very extensive, while their own hinne is 
noted for a gracious and pleasing hospital- 
ity. The Diictor is a comparatively young 
man. possessed of untiring energ-_\- and land- 
able ambitii n and already is Sd widelv 
known as a ]:romiuent and rejiresentative 
member of the dental fraternity that he is 
a valued ontributor to luany journals and 
dental magazines. His observations and 
experiments have brrtadened his kmnvledge 
concerning the profession and its work, and 
his original research is of acknowledged 
benefit to the dental fraternity throughout 
the world. 




Actnely engaged in the practice >f law 
and winning higli eticnniiums for hi-^ faith- 
ful discliarge of i fticial ckity, lienrv Chiy 
Drinkle is numbered among the leading and 
■enterprising citizens of La.ncaster. His 
birth c>ccurred here February j8. 1845. ''"'^ 
he is the only sciu c^ Peter G. and Xancy 
(Miller) Drinkle. Peter Drinkle, tlie pa- 
ternal grandfather nf our subject, was "f 
German descent. The father, wlii.> was burn 
in P>uck- canU}". Pennsyl\-ania. in 1810. 
was a tanner by trade and (m. emigrating 
westward tiKik up bis abode in Fairfield. 
Ohio, in 1842. Xot Img- afterward he lo- 
cated in Lancaster, where he established a 
tannery, and was engaged in the manufac- 
ture of leather up to the time of death, 
which cccurred in 1850. Flis wife was born 
in Virginia. Augu>t 5. 1822. and with her 
parents, Thomas and INIaria Miller, came to 
Fairfield county. Here she spent her re- 
maining days, her death occurring on the 
I2tb of October, 189J. She was the minher 
of nine children. 

In the public schoids of Lanca-ter. Hen- 
ry Clay Drinkle acquired his elementary 
education, which was supplemented in tlie 
Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, 
where he remained a student for tliree 
years. After putting aside his text books 
he entered the office of the Lancaster Ga- 
zette, a Republican pai)er. and there learned 
the art of printing, but his connection with 
jcurnalism did not continue long, for soon 
he began reading law with Judge John S. 
P.rasee and was admitted to the bar before 

the sup.i'cme ccjuri. which met in Lancaster 
in 1878. Immediately afterward Mr. 
Drinkle opened an office in this city and was 
Soon. app(jinted deputy internal revenue as- 
sessor for Hocking and Perry counties, in 
which capacity lie servetl for four years, 
when tlie oltice was al>dished. On the ex- 
piration of that period he began acti\-e law 
i;ractice in Lancaster, forming a partnership 
with hi^ preceptor, John S. Brasee, and the 
relation was maintained with mutual pleas- 
ure and profit until January, 1883. wdien 
Mr. Drinkle was elected president of the 
Hocking Valley Xational Bank, and for one 
year cmitinued at the head of that institu- 
ti(_n. In April. 1895. he was elected mayor 
of Lancaster and served for three years, 
cai;ably handling the reins cvf city govern- 
ment. He there exercised his official pre- 
r. gati\e^ in su'pjiort of all measures which 
he believed Wddd, ciMitribute to the general 
gi od and his efforts in behalf of Lancas- 
ter provevl of much value. 

On the J^ith of Xovember. 1890. Mr. 
Drinkle \\a- united in marriage to Miss 
Kate \"orys. of Lar.caster. a daughter of 
Isaiah and Emma (Webb) Vorys. Mrs. 
Drinkle was l>-rn and reared in. this city 
and by her marriage has become the mother 
of two children. Charles R., born in May, 
1 891; and Marv Catherine, born in June, 
1894. Mr. Drinkle is a mcml>er ( f Lan- 
caster Lc-dge, Xo. z,-;. F. & A. M.. also be- 
longs to the chapter, and has attained to the 
Knight Templar degree in the comntandery. 
In June, 1891, he was app inted by Gov- 


crnor Bushnell as common pleas jii<lge to but upr.n- earnest, hard work 

lill out llie unexiiire>l term ot \\"illiani 
Schultz, wh... died in otiice. and Mr. Drinkle 
preside.' mer that court until the following 
November. In Ids protes>inn lie has at- 
taineil to am en\iable positi. n. A man \v1t> 
builds fiT a life time builds ^lM\v]y and well. 
His advancement is usuallv bv fixed deg-rees. 
He makes each forward steii with a care 

Kmor.g Lan- 
caster's many carcfull_\- trained lawyers 
there is none who more \\illingly acknowl- 
edges his advancement to faiihful lalxsr and 
to the lessons learned in the school of ex- 
perience. His legal learning, his analytical 
mind, the readiness with which he grasps 
a point in an argument all combine to make 
him one of the strongest members of Lan- 

that conduces to safety and pn.gress caster's bar and to gain him prestige as a: 
and depends not on fortuitous circumstances representative of the profe^^ion. 


Thomas Cole, who is now leading a re- 
tired life in Amanda township upon the 
farm which has long been his home, is ac- 
counted one of the native sons of Fairfield 
county. His birth occurred in Amanda 
township. February 15, 18.28. and he be- 
longs to one of the old and honored fam- 
ilies of this portion of the state. His pa- 
ternal grandfather. Thomas Cole, was b<irn 
in Pennsylvania in 1757 and was united in 
marriage to Elizabeth Stevens. It was in 
the year 1801 that he emigrated westward, 
leaving the Keystone state in cvrder to make 
a home upon the wild western frontier of 
Ohio. He took up his alunde in what is now 
Amanda township, Fairfield coutit}-. where 
he purchased a section of land, upon which 
not a furrow had been turned or an im- 
provement made. The hardships and trials 
of a pioneer life were l>orne by himself and 

family, but as the years progressed he was- 
enabled to supply his home with all of the 
comforts and conveniences known to the 
older east. He erected a hewed-log house, 
and although it was not very commodious 
and its fumishings were primitive, happi- 
ness reignied there and the familv bravelv 
trKk their part in the wiTk of development 
and improvement, their labors being 
crowned with success. Tlie grandfather 
died in 1840. He served his countrv as a 
member of a scixiting party in the Revolu- 
tionary war. but was not in the regular 
army. After the (jrganization of the par- 
ties of the Republic he became a ^^'hig. and 
in religious faith he was an old school Bap- 
tist. His wife died in 183 1 when abc ut 
se\'enty-one years of age. 

The parents of our subject were Broad 
and Leah ( Peters ) C( !e. The father was. 


burn in Amanda town^hi]) and thr"iift-!v;ut 
lli^ entire lii'e lived njion thai farm, uliicli 
was endeared to him tlir(_:Ui;li the asx^.cia- 
tiuns of In's 1. yhi-od as well as thi se (;f his 
manh. ol. Hi> birtli oecuned in iMoj and 
after reaching- manhood he ga\e liis entire 
attentii n to oeneral ''armino; and stick-rais- 
in-g-, his business affairs being- so cajjably 
conducted that he met witli a g-ratifying de- 
g:ree of prosperity. He too v'>ted the Wliig- 
ticket in -early life. Intt after the dissolu- 
tion of that party he joined the Democratic 
party. He never cared for or held office, 
but was content to do liis duty a^ a private 
citizen. He belonged to the old schfM il Bai>- 
tist church and liis life \\as an hor.orable 
and ui)right one. His lionie always contin- 
ued to be the (dd homestead, comprising 
t\\-o hundred i-Aenty-eight acres, which he 
■obtained from his lather. 

After arri\ing at years of maturit}' he 
wedded Leah I'eters. whose birth occurred 
at ^[anchester. ^[aryland in 1806. She 
came ti> Fairfield county when a little maid- 
en of six summers, accompanied by her par- 
ents. Samuel and Mary (Stevenson) Peters, 
the former a prominent and progressive 
farmer of his day. He died in 1831. The 
mother of cxir subject spent her entire mar- 
ried life on the old Cole homestead and died 
in 1803. while the father of our subject 
passed away in i88j at the age of eighty 
years. In their family were twelve children, 
•of whom Th'Muas Cole is the eldest. Seven 
of the number are yet living, all sons. 

Thoiras Cole, whose name fori-ns the 
■caption of this review-, acqiiirevl his early ed- 
ucation in the comm<-in school,^ of his tciwn- 
ship and \\-hen he havl mastered the branciies 

(.( leariiing tliere. lie matriculated in. the 
acadeiny at Greenfield. Ohio. Afterward he 
assisted his father in carrying on the home 
farm until he had att.airied the age of nian- 
hor>d. I_Men then he remained on the 'lid 
homt-^tead until his marriage, at which time 
he purchased a po.rtion of the farm upon 
which he iH'w resides, having made it his 
home continuously for half a ccntur_\-. He 
owned and operated two hundred twenty 
acres of land, of whicli one hundred fifty 
acres lies w-ithin Fairfield county, while the 
remainder is across the border in Pickaway 
County. He has erected all the buildings 
upon this ])lace. substantial barns and other 
structures for the sheltering of grain and 
stock, as well as a comfortable residence, 
wiiich stand as monuments to liis thrift and 
industry. Tbroughout his business career 
he carried on general fanning and sti;ck- 
raising. and his labors resulted successfully, 
for as time passed he had added annually 
to liis capital until lie is ni'>w the possessor 
of a \ery handsome competeiice. -winch en- 
ables him to live retired. 

In Fel)ruary. 185J. Mr. Cole was united 
in marriage in Pickawax' county to Miss 
^bary J. Courtright, the daughter of Jesse 
D. and Sallie f Stout) Courtright. Her fa- 
ther was born in Fairfield county and lived 
here until he had attained to man's estate, 
when he removed to Pickaway county, 
where he followed farming for many \-ears. 
His death occurred in Circleville. Ohio. 
Ohii-). as a salesman for Shillito & Com- 
pany. Returning to Lancaster, he became 
wiien he was about sixty-two years of age. 
His father. John Courtright. was one of 
the earlv and honored pioneer settlers of 



Fairfield cuuiity, residing here continuously 
from the time ut iiis arrival until his death. 
He was a lironiiuent and enterprising farm- 
er, who ditl much toward reclaiming' the 
Avild lanil and transforming it into culti- 
vated fields. His death occurred at his 
home in this county. Mrs. Ode. the wife of 
bur suhject, was horn in Clear Creek town- 
ship, Fairfield ci-untv. and liy her marriage 
became the mother cf eight children, seven 
of whiim are -till living. Jolin. who is a 
farmer residing in d lumldana county. - 
Ohio, niarricd ]\Iiss Ephama Battin, of 
Clark county. Ohio, who flied al.>r>ut thirteen 
years ago, leaving one chiUl. Harry B.. who 
now resides in Pittsburg. F'ennsyh'ania, be- 
ing employed there. Amanda is the -wife 
of A. R. \\'ork. a resident farmer and stock 
raiser of ]\tadi-un township. Pickaway 
county. Emma is the wife of H. C. Bailey, 
of Amanda township, who is engaged in 
teaching in the public schools, having been 
identified with educational interests in that 
way for twenty-seven years. He was born 
in this county and is a son of IMartin and 
Margaret (Smith) Bailey, the former an 
early settler of this county and a farmer 
by occupation, devoting energies to that 
pursuit until his life's labors were ended in 
death. Professor H. C. Bailey has served 
as county school examiner for the past three 
years. He is widely known as a success- 
ful educatt.»r of marked ability Gnd his la- 
bors ha\e largelv promoted the standard of 
the schools in this locality. Unt'> him and 
his wife ha\e l)een born five children: Ross, 
Ralph. Dwight. Hazel and Lorena. The 
last named is wow deceased. Xathan died 

in ]S6j at the age of one year. Alva re- 
sides in Xew Bedford, Massacluisetts, ancf 
holds a government [n'silion as superintend- 
ent of construction at Fort Rodman. He 
married Laura Koontz, of Columbus. Ohio. 
George is em])li>yed in the railway mail 
service on the Pittsburg &: St. Louis road, 
having held that pfisition for the ])ast nine 
years. He married Carrie Horsch. of Dub- 
lin. Franklin county, and they are n'">w liv- 
ing-in Culumbus. Lewis, a resident farmer 
of Pickaway ci-unty. Ohio, wedded Cora 
Beatty. and they have one child, Dana. 
Frank is a stenograplier residing in Xew 
"V'ork city, and married Xellie Ford, of 
Poughkeepsie, Xew York, by whoni he has 
one child, Agnes. All of the children were 
born in Amanda township on the farm 
w here the father is now living. The mother 
passed away on the old family homestead 
January 21. 190J, at the age of .sixty-nine 
years and was laid to rest in the cemetery 
of Lithopolis. She was an estimable lady 
and her loss was deeply mourned not only 
by her innnediate family but by her many 

Mr. Cole has filled many public posi- 
tions of honor and trust, to which he has 
been called by his fellow t( wnsmen. who 
recognized his worth and ability. He has 
served as an assessor and trustee of his 
township and f<ir many years was justice, 
of the peace, discharging his duties with 
absolute fairness and impartiality. He be- 
longs to the Baptist church and f'or twenty- 
fi^■e or thirty years has been one of its lead- 
ers, doing all in his p'lwer to advance its 
work and promote it- upbuih.ling. He is arr 



earnest advucate of all measures tciidint,'- to nested the growth of town and village; 

])n)in(ite the iju.hlic .ii"(i<xl, and the welfare the intrnducliun of industries and nianu- 

of his county he ha- deeply at heart. He factories, while schio<ls and churches 

has witnessed many changes that have uc- have indicated the intellectual and moral 

curred here during seven decades and he has progress. He is now numhered among 

ever home his part in making the county the venerable citizens of the county, hav- 

what it is to-day. He has seen its wild lau<ls ing passed -the ?su]nu-ts"s span of three 

reclaimeii for purposes of civilization and score years and ten. His life is in many 

the barren tracts have been made to bloom respects well worthy of emulation, for he is 

and blossom as the rose. He has wit- of a high tvjic of American maiihood. 


The history of the agricultural interests 
of Fairfield county would be incomplete 
withiiut mention of the Pearce family, that 
since early days has contributed its share 
to the progress, development and ui)build- 
ing of this portion of the state. James 
Reed Peirce. the father of our subject, was 
burn in Ireland alxjut 1790 and in that 
country acquired his education. When still 
quite young, however, he left the Emerald 
Isle and as a sailor followed tlie seas lor 
about twelve years, but finally took up his 
abode in Rhode Island. At a later date he 
removed to Worthjngton. Ohio, and subse- 
quently came to Berne township. Fairt'ield 
county, where he siient his remaining days. 
He was united in marriage to Miss IMary 
Elizabeth Briggs. a native of Massachusetts, 
and their children were six in number, 
namely : Christina. Isaac. James, Henry, 
Caleb H. and Newton. The home farm 

comprised one hundred and two acres of 
land, which. Mr. Pearce had purchased when 
he arrived in this county. In connection 
with agricultural pursuits he operated a 
wool carding mill, there being but two in 
the entire county. He was a very success- 
ful man in busine.-s. being' known thn:>ugh- 
r>ut this portion of the state as a leading 
representative of industrial and agricultural 
interests. All his business affairs were 
guided by sound judgment and his word 
was regarded as goo<l as his bond. His 
political support was given the Whig jiarty 
until iSfjo, when he voted for Abraham 
Lincoln. He held a number of public of- 
fices, served for several year.s as justice of 
the peace, was school examiner, and filled 
other positions (if public trust and res[>onsi- 
bility. Fraternally he was connected with 
the Masonic lodge of Lancaster and was a 
member of the Episcopal church. 



Caleb H. Pearce was l>>rn in this coun- 
ty u\\ the 3 LSI ta" Oct.>ber. 183J, ami is \v>\\- 
tiic unly one liviuy in liis father's family. 
At the usual age he entereil the ilistriot 
sciiLi'ls to acquaint liiniself with the 
branches of J'.nglish learning' which tV-rni 
the basis of all our knowledge. He attend- 
ed school i,>r about three niunihs each yexu" 
and having- completed his sch'wil life at the 
age of twenty-line years, he thereafter gave 
all his attentiiiu tii tlie work (»f the home 
farm. He continued to engage in its op- 
cratiitns until the place was sold to the board 
of education as a site for the Crawfis.s In- 
stiliue. which now starids there. Mr. Pearce 
then purchased a farm near Royalton. Ohio, 
where he is still living. In his political 

views lie is a .-tanch Repulilican and he be- 
liings ti> the Ref'>rnK-d church cf Sugar 
(inne. Upright an-l honorable, he c<m\- 
nmuds the respect and cimfiilcnce of all 
with \\ horn he is brought in contact either 
in business or social life and is hclil in high 
regard by tiic entire ciDinmunity in which he 

In 1830 Mr. Pearce was united in mar- 
riage to Miss l-llizabeth Ruble, a native of 
P>enie ti>wnshi]). I'^airfield comity, and to 
this happ}- miion were \y^\^n ele\'en children, 
of whom si.\- are yet living: Mary Eliza- 
beth: Edward C. ; Alice Eugenia, wife of 
H. Baumgardner, a prominent citizen of 
Sugar Grove: Mildred E. : Isaac X. and 
George R.- 


Charles II. Tow son was Ix^rn June 28. 
183 I. in Lancaster. Ohio, antl in the public 
schools he began his educaticm. continuing 
until he had partially mastered a high schoc/l 
course, but he was not privileged to com- 
plete a course, fur circumstances made it 
n<"cessary for him to seek employment. 
For three years he worked at the cai"pen- 
ter's trade as an employe of the firm of 
Omian Brothers, but in the winter of the 
third year tlie plant wa.s closed fr,r lack of 
work and ^Ir. Towson was therefore forced 
to turn his attention to other pursuits. He 
erHgaged to solicit insurance for the Ohio 

Farmers Insurance Company and found that 
he had superior ability in that ilirection. 
Later in the same year he estab]i>hed a fire 
insurance agency of his own an<l for twen- 
ty-eight years has continued in the hu^iness, 
representing some of the strongest com- 
panies in this countr\" and in Europe, being 
connected with many of these throughout 
the entire period in which he has been en- 
gaged in the insurance business. As he 
])rospered in his undertakings he made ju- 
dicious investments in real estate, buying 
lots at the edge of the city. He made the 
first subdi\ision of what is now known as 


tlie IIijp C(>ini>an_\"s additirm to the city and 
therccii erected In uses, selling them cii the 
montlily iiistalhnent plan. Tlial Mr. Tcw- 
son is a man (f resourceful business al>ihty, 
of marked enterprise an.l keen discernment 
is indicated l>y the many impi'rtanl Inisiness 
concern^ with whicli he has l.)een identified 
and which have ])rorited l«y lu's wise counsel 
and ca]'ahle manap;ement. He was one of 
the organi/ers of the Square Deal .Savin,c:> 
S: Loan Ci.ani)an_\-. of which he ]>ecame sec- 
retary, ccrutinuall}- sersing' in that capacity 
until ihe pre-ent time. This is one of tlie 
strong- financial institutions nf the city and 
one of the m;:st imjiortant. It has done a 
splendid work in enabling many to secm'e 
homes who otherwise could ni>t have dune 
so had they had to make an entire ])aynient 
outright fur the prii])erty. For one }ear 
Mr. Tc.>wsr)n was the ]iresident of the Lan- 
caster Board of Trade, assisterl in its re- 
organization and for the past two ytars lias 
been its secretary. At a recent date in con- 
nection with C. P. Cole and William L. 
JNfartin. lie became the owner of the T_^an- 
caster Rank, the oldest institution oi its 
kind in the city, anri is now its vice-presi- 

Although hi> business interests have 
ever keen of a character to jiromote the 
geiveral pros[;erit\- as well as his individual 
success, ^\r. Tuwsr>n has also labored for 
the public good along lines -whereby he has 
been in nr, means benefited, co-operating in 
every movement for the general go-d. He 
has served as a meml>er of the city coimcil 
from the fourth ward foT four years and 

during that time was cliairnian <,{ the com- 
mittee cm public property and tlie finance 
committee. During this jKjriod the public 
jiark at the square was improved under the 
direction of his ci;>mmittee. In the early 
days be took a \-ery active part in many 
secret and l.enevtdent orders. He was one 
of the charter members of Mt. Pleasant 
Lodge. Xo. 48. K. P., and still retains mem- 
bership in that organization. He is aI>o a 
meniljer of Charity Lrnlge, Xo. 7, I. O. O. 
F., and past grand patriarch of Hock Hock- 
ing Fncampment, X'o. j8. He is also a 
member of the [Mystic Circle and of tlie 
Royal Arcanum and beli^ngs to the Lan- 
caster Athletic Club. The moral develop- 
ment of the community also recei\es his at- 
tention and su|>port. He is interested in the 
Uniiin Mission Sunday-school on the west 
sifle and at the present time is serving as 
its superintendent. To say of him. whose 
name Iieads this sketch, that be has risen 
unaiile.I fn in cMiiparative obscurity to rank 
among the most prominent and successful 
busincs> men of Lancaster is a statement 
that seems trite to those familiar with his 
life, yet his work has contributed to the 
development of Lancaster. t\-vrming a part 
of its history, a history that will descend to 
future generations who should know that 
the business record of Cliarles H. Towson 
is one that any man would be proud to pos- 
sess. He has ad\anced step by step until 
he is now occupying a position of promi- 
nence and trust in his natix'e city. Through 
his entire business career he has l>een looked 
upiMi as a moflel of integrity and honor. 



never making an en 
not tnlfillecl am! stai 
ample of wliat deit 

;agement that he lias 
(ling to-ilay an tx- 
rmination and force. 

coni!>ineil with tiie highest degree of 


ness integrity, can accomplish for a man of 
natural ahility and strength of character, 
lie has the rcs]>cct and cont^idence of a large 
circle of husincs? asswiates. 


Few men are more prominent (^r more 
\\ idcly known ir, the enterprising" city of 
Lancaster than Louis J. Snyder. He has 
Ix-en an important factor in lousiness cir- 
cles and his popularity is well deserved, as 
in In'm are embraced the characteristics of 
an unbending integrity, unabating energy 
and industry tliat never flags. He is public 
s])irited and thoroughly interested in what- 
ever tends to jiromote the welfare of the 
city and his own labors have been a potent 
element in promoting the material develop- 
ment of the city, where he is now carryhig 
on a wliolesalc business as a dealer in lime, 
cement, hair and coal, handling the last 
named product in very large quantities. 

Mr. Snyder was born in this city, De- 
cember _'3, 1857. His father, Henry Sny- 
der, was b'orn in Germany and -when in iiis 
sixteenth year crossed the Atlantic to Amer- 
ica, settling in Lancaster, Ohio, where he 
engaged in general merchandising for many 
years, being thu-; coimected with commer- 
cial interests of the city until within a sfiort 
time of his death, which c^curred on tlie 
Sth of January. iS()i. His v.ife. who in 
her maidenhoKl was Catherine Hengst, was 

also a nati\'e of Germany and was a maiden 
of t\velve summers when she crossed the 
briny deep to the new world in co-mpany 
with lier father, John Hengst, who- liecame 
an early settler of Lancaster. Mrs. Sny- 
der survived her husljand f^ir two years, 
passing away on the Sth of August, il^^J,. 
In the family were nine children who 
reached mature years and seven are -still 
living. l\\ order of birth they were Cath- 
erine, Henry, William, John, Elizabeth. 
George W'., Charles F.. Louis J. and Sarah. 
In the city where he still inakes hi? 
home Louis J. Snyder was reared and edu- 
cated ajid on leaving school he entered upon 
his business career in the capacity of clerk, 
being employed by various parties. He first 
embarketl upon an independent \-enture as 
a retail grocery merchant and as his linan- 
cial resources increased he began dealing in 
coal. Finally his business was merged into 
a wholesale venture and he became a jobber, 
selling his products in carloads along the 
line of the railroad. For some years he 
received his supply of coal by canal and now 
all business is conducted through the 
medium of the railroads. His trade has 



constantly increased am! has now assumed 
extensive l)nJportion^. so that his large 
sales annually return to him a very grati- 
fying inctinie. 

Mr. Snyder is also largely interested in 
real estate and handled nuich property dur- 
ing the years of iSg'^-;. He was engaged 
in the sale of lots an<l city property and 
owns corisidcrahle xainahle realty v>ithin 
the cor])i>rate limits of Lancaster and also 
sr>me outside the city. For seven years he 
was a direct'ir of the Citizens' Loan S: 
P.uilding .\ssi«ciati'.n. liis present place of 
Imsine'^s is on West Main street and he is 
regarded as one oi the successful, progress- 
i\e husiness men of Lancaster. 

For fourteen years Mr. Snyder was the 
sccretar}- and superinieiident of the Lancas- 
ter city water wtirks. during which time 
many of the principal improvements in the 
s\-steni were made. Tlie nc\\- reser\(>ir was 

secured and the new water mains were ex- 
temled fnnn six to fcairteen miles. The 
system was ])erfectcd under his direction, 
new grades were established, new boilers 
and new machinery were secured and the 
plant thus became one of the most complete 
in this portion of the state. Of its \vater 
works Lancaster has even.- reason to bc- 
proud. Politically Mr. Snyder is a Demo- 
crat and fakes great interest in securing the 
electi'jn *jf his friends and the success of his 
party. He is a member of the l>i>ard of 
equalization, but has not sought luany fa- 
vors at the haiuls of his party. As a citi- 
zen he is alert anil enterprising and co-op- 
erates heartil}- in all movements for the gen- 
eral good. In bu^iness affairs he i- ener- 
getic, prompt and notably relial)le. Tire- 
less energy, keen perception and In iie-ty of 
puq^ose. joined to every-day common sense, 
these are his chief characteristics. 


Joseph P. Gund}-, whose efforts comril> 
ute to the commercial acti\ity of Carroll, 
where he is engaged in grain dealing", was 
born in Decemljer. iS^'j. His father. Isaac 
Gundy, was also l>orn on the same farm and 
still resides there, at the ancestral hi>me in 
which the grandfather. Joseph Gund}', first 
settled i-n coming to this locality, as a pio- 
neer. The subject of this review spent his 
early life upon the home farm. He attend- 
ed the district scho,.^ls (if the neighb..rho<xl 

and afterward continued his education in 
the high school at Carroll and as a com- 
panion and helpmate ijn life's journey he 
chose Aliss Jessie Wilson, the marriage I>e- 
ing cclelirated on the nth of ^Larch, 1891. 
The lady was a daughter cd' William D. 
Wilson, a nurseryman of Illinois, who died 
in 1873. After their marriage Mr. and ^[rs. 
Gundy toi:>k up their alxKle on r-ne of his 
father's farms. kn'>\vn as the Cc'>pman Xurs- 
erv Farm and his time was devoted to the 

3 So 


cultivatii n of the tieMs and to dealing- in Tlie marriage Mt Mr. arid Mrs. fimulv 

live stock. He cntimied in thi.s line cf has liccn hlessed with tu-i children: J\-rn. 

bnsiness nntil March. 1900. when he en- wiv- was hum Xi)venil>er 25. iS.jj; and 

tered intn i«rtnershii) witli his father un- Xeal, lorn Jannary 30, 1897. Our Mihjcct 

der the lirni name of haac Gundy & Sivn iVt and his wife ar well kiiMwit in the com- 

the pnq>. 'se of dealing in hay. grain and munity and he is w iilelv reci>gnized a> an 

coal. They purchased the H. J. Knively enterprising and pmgressive business man, 

elevati r at Carroll, where they are doing win se erfiats furni>h a market t<.> the farm- 

a successful Inisine^s, handling a large ers if the ciiiimunity and at the same time 

aniiann r;f grain amuially and thus secur- brings to him a highly creditable degree of 

ing- a gCKjd income. success. 


lliere are few men. whose live- are 
•crowned with the humir antl respect which 
is universally accorded Horatio G, Trout, 
but through m<ire than half a century's con- 
nection with Lance-ter's histriry his has 
been an unblemished character. With, him 
success ir, life has l)een reached by bis ster- 
Hng qualities of n\ind and heart. True to 
e\-ery manly principle, he has never deviat- 
ed from wliat his judgment would indicate 
to be right and hojiorable between his fellow 
men and himself. He has never swerved 
from the path of duty, and now- after a long 
and e\'entful career he can I(»k back o\'er 
the past with pride and enjoy the remain- 
ing years of his earthly pilgrimage with a 
consciousness ('f ha\-ing' gained for himself 
by bis honc.rable, straightforward career the 
confidence of the entire community in w Inch 
"he lives. 

Ib.'ratio Gates Trout was born in Milton, 
Penns\l\-ania, Xo\-em1)er 15, 18J9. and 
there he mastered the tailoring trade, learn- 
ing the business in all i_>f its various dei)art- 
ments. He was ab<nit eighteen years of 
age when he came to Lancaster and since 
that time he has been continuously ideiUi- 
tied with the commercial development 01 
the city. He arrived here on the 24th of 
July, 1 847. aitd at i>nce entered the employ 
of Henry S])ringer, tVir whom he c'>ntiniieil 
to work until 1850, when he was admitted 
to a partnership in the taili>ring busirvess. 
This relation was maintained for ten con- 
secutixe years, on the expiration of which 
period Mr. Trout withdrew from the tirm 
and acceptcl a position as chief cutter 
for Philip Rising. His thorough under- 
standing of the work anrl his capability led 
to bis retention in that position until 1867, 

A ^l/i'.-\ •v.<^or.\^ ?^V': 

r;;(v;ri ,;• :.n , /..Hf^H 

■,fi Vi] ll 


\vlicn. (Iesini\q- to enf;age in business on his 
nun accnunt. lie resigned and entered into 
parlnershii. witli Orrin E. reter> and John 
i-Icl'.er in the e'n_>thiiig- and merchant tailor- 
ing business, inider the firm style i.i' Peters, 
'iront iS; Company. This relation was main- 
tainecl until 1876. when Mr. Rcher retired 
I'n.'ni the lirnt and Messrs. Peters and Trout 
conducted the l)nsiness, calling- their store 
the Temple of Fashion. A salesman was 
employed t(_> go uix>n the road, taking meas- 
ures and selling suits l>y samples, and this 
in ai.ldition to their local trade ijrought to" 
them an innnense business, which annually 
increased and for a long period fur- 
nished empluyment to seventy operatives in 
their shop, while their sales amounted to 
eighty-five thcxisand dollars annually. The 
business was first contiucted in the ?^Iar- 
cuson rc;<:im and later they removed to a 
room in the MacCracken block and after- 
ward to a room in the J. C. \\'ea\er l:)l',>ck, 
hut the constantly increasing business de- 
manded larger cpiarters and the finn erected 
what is known as the Temple of Fashion 
Building, at the corner of the public scjuare 
and Broad street, removing thereto in the 
spring of 18S2. This is one of the largest 
and uKJSt imposing Iniildings of the city and 
stands as a monument to the enterprise and 
business ability of the owners. 

In the year 1880 Mr. Peters removed to 
Cincinnati, but did n<it sell his interests in 
Lancaster at that time. FrcTin 1865 until 
^^C)~ he was in partnership with the 
hrothers Peter and Gerhard Miller, and it 
\\as in the latter year that the p.artnership 
with f>ur subject was formed. ^Ir. Peters 

now resides in Cincinnati and is the treas- 
urer of the King 1'. wder Company and of 
the Peters Cartridge Company. In 180-I Mr. 
'irout i)urcha~ed the interest of Mr. Peters' 
in the real estate which they owned to- 
gether, thus l.iecoming the sole owner of the 
Temple of I^ashion I'uilding, and in Janu- 
ary, 1896, he purcha^ed his intere-t in the 
stock, thus l>ecoming the al)soIute pr.jprietor 
<..f the store and its contents. Thi> is one 
of the largest substantial business interests 
of the city and the house has ever main- 
tained an unassailable reputati(m in com- 
mercial circles. Ifoth on account of the ex- 
cellent work furnished and of the honorable 
litisiness methi>ds pursued. 

In Sqitember, 1S49. ^^f- Trout was 
united in marriage to Miss Ruth Card, and 
for more than a half century they ha\-e now- 
traveled life's journey together. For fifty 
years Mr. Trout has been a memljer of the 
Methodist Episcopal church of Lancaster 
and throughout the jjeriod has been con- 
nected with the as a 
teacher or superintendent. Lie was ap- 
l>jinted ti.. the former position in 1847 by 
John M. Creed, wlio was then serving as 
su])erintendent. Later Mr. Trout was 
elected to the superintemlency, and his 
efforts have been continuous and effective 
in the atlvancement oi educational religious 
training for the young.- For forty-five years 
he has served in ofifices of the church and 
for twenty-four years he has been a trustee 
of the Lancaster Camp Meeting, this cov- 
ering the entire period of the e.xistence of 
the org^^nization. For six years Mr. Trout 
was also a prominent member of the schr»l 



l)i.;ar(l. His intercut in e\-orythiiiiLr pertaiii- 
mg ti.> t!ie g-enerat welfare ha.- hcen deep and 
sincere, as is indicated hv iiis active co- 
•operatir:n in measures for the general g-'ir.d. 
His unswerving purpose, his unque-tinneil 
fidehlv, liis unfaltering honestv and hi; un- 


ha\e C'Miinianded the liighest 
He has heen a leader in the 
cause (if liherty. i.f freedr^m and •_>[ pmgress, 
and h]< hearty ci i-operatimi has ever heen 
given t.- that which tends to elevate man- 


Clitt O. Ileal-, who is engaged in the 
practice of law in p!ckeringti;>n and is inuii- 
bered amung the native scais oi hairfield 
ci_)nnty. his l)irth ha\-ing occurred i n the 
15th of August, iSji. is a son of W. G. 
and Xancy (Bethel) I'.eals. His grand- 
father, George Deals, came to Oliiu abc-ut 
,se\enty-li\-c years ago. taking up his resi- 
dence in \'iolet township. He served his 
country as a lieutenant in the Ke\'i -lutir.nary 
war and became an active factor in the sub- 
stantial development of this part of the 
^tatc. In his family were four children; 
Enoch, Wood, Amanda and W illiam G., 
but the only one now living is \\'i!liam G. 
Reals, the father of our suljject. He has 
made his home in this county for three- 
quarters of a century, basing taken up his 
abode, at the time of his a'rrival. in \'iolet 
township, but at the present time be is a 
resident of Pickerington. On reaching 
Ohio lie located in Licking county, antl dur- 
ing seventeen years he was in the gold fields 
of California. By trade he was a black- 
smith, but during much of his active life he 

followed farnn'ng in \'ii.!et township. At 
the pre.-cnt time he is living retired in the 
enjoyment of a well-merited rest. He was 
united in marriage to Xancy Bethel, a 
daughter of John liethel, wdio was a native 
of \'irginia. where he spent his entire life. 
He was one of a family of eight children 
and was reared by Jonathan Edwards. 
Unto William G. and Xan^cy Beals were 
born ten children, nine of whom are yet liv- 
ing, namely: ]^Ierrill, Sadie, George. Meta 
and Mary 1 tw in- ). John. Cliff O.. Alva and 
X'ellie. Harry died at the age of eighteen 
years, the result (_>f an accident. 

Cliff O. Beals. whose name introduces 
this record, pursued his early education in 
the district schools of \'iolet tcrwuship and 
later continued his studies in the Reyn(j!ds- 
burg high school, in which he was gradu- 
ated. He then entered the Ximnal Uni- 
\ersity at Ada. Ohio, taking a scientific 
course in 189J-3. He is not only a self- 
made man but is a self-educated man, for at 
an early age he began to earn his own li\ing 
ami he worked for his l>?ard during his 



sciioil life. He als.) did al)>tractin,i^- during 
liis ci'urse in Ada and liius pn'\-idcd fur the 
expenses of his college education. Sul)-e- 
<|uently lie engaged in teaching sclnxil in tlie 
cl uniry for five years and in the meantime 
l»llr^ued the study of law, heing admitted 
t" the har O'f Ohi" on the ist of March, 
]8y4. lie then began jiractice in Picker- 
ington. where he has since been located, an<l 
ha^ met \vith gratifying success, having 
been ciimected with much of the important 
litigati..;n tried in tlie courts of the locality. 
In .-\ugust, 1807. Mr. P.eals wa? united 
in marriage to Miss Laura Painter, a 
daughter of T. S. and Ellen Painter, of 

Canal Wim-hesler. Fraternally he is a 
member of the Knights of Pythias, of the 
Iinproved Order of Red Men and of tlie 
Woodmen of the World, b'or si.\ years he 
lias served as justice of the peace, and in 
his political views is a Republican, taking 
an active part in the work of the party, 
serving at the present time as a member oi 
the executive and of the central committee. 
He is a young man. of large f>>rce of char- 
acter, of laudable ambition and strong 
mentality, and the^e qualities have already 
gained for him creditalile success ami will 
doubtless win for him still greater success 
in the future. 


The life span of Robert Work covered 
seventN-eiglit years. His record was one 
of activity in business, of faithfulness in 
citizenship, of honor in all his relations with 
his fellow men and of marked fidelity to the 
cause cf Christ. He was l>orn April 12. 
1S17, in this county and died upon his farm 
near Lancaster on the 2nd of Xo\-eniber, 

His parents, Joseph and Xancy \\\>rk, 
came to Fairfield county in 1810 and set- 
tled in Greenfield township in the vicinity 
of what was then called Wilderness Gap. 
The n.ew district was an almost unbroken 
lorest and the homes of the settlers were 
widely scattered. Blazed trees marked the 

path through the forest, for there were no 
reads and the streams were unl)ridged. Tiie 
settlers usually followed the C'kl Lidian 
trails as they made their way from one 
point to another and the red men were still 
found in this portion of the country, hunt- 
ing in the forests and fishing in the streams, 
fc-llowing their nomadic meth'>d of living, 
but being pushed constantly westward by 
the encroachment i_>f civilizati^ni. Tlie 
Work family experienced all the hardships 
and privatif^ns incident to pioneer exppri- 
ence. In the family were eleven children, 
all of whom reached years of maturity, 
w ere married and hail families of their own, 
but none now survive. 

An!-.7:M:\v\ A^\i 

zuio'v rmeoH 

1 viiO •^■i;, 



Robert Work was the ei<;hth cIiiM in 
the family and amid tin- wild scenes . f the 
frontier he was reared, sharing: with ilie 
others many trials which heser piinieer exist- 
ence and at the same time enjoying- jileas- 
ures which are only kn. iwn amiil such con- 
ditions. Aftei- arrisiny- at years of ma- 
turity he wedded Mis-; Mary .\. Wilson, 
the marriat,''e heing celcl>rated Oelolx^r 3. 
1S53. ^"^*-'" P'trents were David and Eliza- 
heth (lirolist) Wilson, the former a native 
of Bcdforfl, Pennsylvania, and the latter of 
Washington. D. C. They became i>i':ineer 
settlers of I'airtield c<iunty. prospered iii 
their undertakings here and were highly es- 
teemed In- all who knew them. Their 
daughter. Mrs. Work, was born in this 
county, Octol.ier 16. 1835, and pursued her 
education in a private schcnM in Rushville 
taught by ?vlrs. Anderson, the wife of a 
Presbyterian n-iinister. Later she liecame an 
assistant in that scho«il. In his business 
dealings Mr. Work was always reliable. 
straightforward and accurate and his name 
was synonymous with integrity. As the 
.years passed five children came to bless the 
home, but one died at the age of ten years 
and another in infancy. The three Avho still 
survive are Edward, who is engaged in the 
livery business in Lancaster; Carrie, the 
wife of Frank Hof?man. a retired fanner 
residing on the old homestead ; and Alice 
O., who married William Leiby, an agri- 
culturist living in Greenfield township. 
These three children still survive their fa- 
ther, as does Mrs. Work. 

A public spirited and progressive citi- 

zen. Mr. Wc/rk was \ery acti\e in support 
of all measures which he belieNcd would 
prove of general giK>d. He was especially 
stror,g as a'.i ach'ocate of g'ood mads, giving 
of his time, labor and money to e>tablish 
and improve them. He built many of the 
roads of the locality, although opposed by 
his neighbors, who. howe\'cr. afterward 
ackn.ow ledge their indebtedness to in 
this regard. He was never hastv in fonn- 
ing his opinirtns. but when once he had be- 
come convinced that a course was right,, fear nor favor could swerve him. 
He was temi>erate in his habits, lion- 
nrable in all his dealings and was a 
kind and indulgent ])arent. He always 
had a smile and a hearty hand clasp 
for his friends and he was ne\-er happier 
than when surrounded by his wife and chil- 
dren at his r>wn fireside. Li early life he 
united with the Presbyterian church and 
was long one of its m<_>st faithfid and con- men-ibers. while for many years 
he served as one of its ruling elders. L-i 
his ])olitical views he was a pronotinced Re- 
publican, yet he never sottght or desired 
office. .At all times he commanded the re- 
spect of his fellow men by his sterling 
worth and well does he deserve mention 
among the honored pioi-ieers of Fairfield 
county, with whose history he was so long 
identified. Mrs. Work still sunives her 
husband and in her seventy-seventh year is 
enjoying good health. She is a devoted 
n-iember of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and her labors have been effective in pro- 
n-ioting its growth and upbuilding. She is 



also untiring in her effivrts to advance the ure tliat the writer presents to the readers of 

temperance cause, and hkc lier husband she this vohinic — devoted as it is to the lite rce- 

enjoys the high esteem of all with whom ords of representatixe citizens — the life rec- 

she has come in contact, and it is with pleas- ord of two such. W(-irthy i)er.i)ie. 


James T. Powers has been connected 
with the fire department of Lancaster for a 
longer period than any other man and de- 
serves the gratitude and commendation of 
his fellow men by reason of his watchful- 
ness and his efficiency in times of danger. 
He was for a numl^er of years chief of the 
department and at the present time is serv- 
ing as assistant chief. 

Mr. Powers was born in the city of Lan- 
caster on the 2d of March. iS6o. a son of 
Patrick and Mary (Lockery) Powers. The 
family is of Irish Hueage and was founded 
in America by the paternal grandfather of 
our subject, who left the Emerald Isle and 
on coming to Ohio took up his abode in 
New Lexington but soon removed to Lan- 
caster and was numbered among the pioneer 
settlers of the \-illage, which has since 
grown to be the tliriving and populous 
county seat. Patrick Powers was b<jrn here 
in the year 1S3J and throiighout his life 
span of forty years remained a resident of 
his native city, passing away in 1S72. His 
wife, who still survives him. is yet li\ing in 

James T. P(Avers was reared in this city 


and attended it^ public schools and after- 
ward contiiiued hi.- education in St. Man,-"s 
parochial .school. Putting aside his text- 
books in his fourteenth year he then en- 
tered upon his business career in the employ 
of Henry Harter, a merchant, with whom 
he remained for six years, and thus Mr._ 
Powers l)ecamc quite familiar with that 
business. He afterward entered the employ 
of the Hocking A'alley Railroad Company 
and was in the baggage and freight depart- 
ment for a period of twenty-one years, his 
lor.g connection therewith being unmis- 
takable evidence of his trustworthiness and 
efficiency. In 1878 he became a member of 
the fire department of Lancaster, and his. 
service extends over a greater period thani 
that of any one else connected therewith.. 
He won promotion and for four years was: 
chief of the department, while since August, 
1901, he has served as assistant chief. 

An important event in tlie life of Mr. 
Powers occurred in iSSj. when he was 
united in marriage to Miss Lizzie Otney. of 
Lancaster, a daughter of Jo