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Full text of "Biographical register of the officers and graduates of the U. S. Military academy, from 1802 to 1867. Rev. ed., with a supplement continuing the register of graduates to January 1, 1879"

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NOTICES 



iioi]i;i|j|jical '^icijistrr of (L)ftucrs anb dluatiiuitrs 



I S. ILITM ACADEMY AT WEST POLl, 

FEOM ITS ESTABLISHMENT, MARCH 16, 1802, TO THE ARMY REORGAN- 
IZATION OF 1866-07. 



By BKEVET MAJOE-GENEEAL GEOEGE W. OULLUM, 

Colonel, Corps of Engineers, United states Army. 



(This BioGRAPHic-vL Register comiirises the Etats de Service of all graduates from 
the establishment of the ^Militarj' Academj% in 1802, to 1867, inclusive, giving their 
promotions, stations, commands, war records, and civil services when they have left 
the army ; a complete register of the officers of the institution, with their histories ; 
a full list of the military posts of the United States, present and past ; an alphabetical 
table of all battles, combats, sieges, actions, and skirmishes, in which graduates have 
participated ; besides much other useful and statistical information, showing from 
whence graduates were appointed cadets, to what arms promoted, the casualties of 
service, their rebellion record, and civil occupations after leaving the army. The work, 
containing some 2,300 biographies, is published in two large octavo volumes of nearly 
700 pages each, and printed from entirely new tj'pe, on tine paper, being in amount of 
matter equal to about live or six ordinarj' octavo volumes. The subscription jjrice is 
SIO in cloth binding, or $14: in half morocco, for the entire work. ) 



From Gen. U. S. Grant — Gcneral-in-Cldef. 

Headqu.ilEteks Army of the United States, ) 
Washington, D. C, Febrmry 17, 1868. j 

My Deak General — I have received your ' ' Biographical Register of the Officers and 
Graduates of the United States Military Academy," which you have done me the honor 
to forward for my acceptance. The work ought to show to the enemies of the Military 
Academy, that if they expect to harm the institution in the minds ot the American 
peo^jle, they must keep from their view the services rendered to the countrj' by its 
graduates. Your book will receive the fiivor of all graduates, except, perhaps, here- 
after, from those who see recorded against them, "Joined in the Rebellion of 18G1-66, 
against the United States.'' This ought to be odious. 

With great respect, your obedient servant. 

U. S. Grant, General. 



From Lieut. -General W. T. Sherman. 

Headquarters Militaey Division of the JIissouki, ) 
St. Louis, Febi^arij 15, 1868. \ 

Dear General — I have received your kind note of February 11th, -svitli the two vol- 
umes of the Biographical Eegister of the Othcers and Graduates of the U. S. Military 
Academy, for which I have waited long. I beheve I appreciate the vast amoimt of care 
and labor you have bestowed on this work, and feel certain you will be well rewarded 
for it in the thanks of the tens of thousands of families who will pore over these vol- 
umes to find therein recorded the brief histories of their friends. I have read your 
preface, and can hardly credit the fact that any intelligent man will now ciucstion the 
use and necessity of a military education. Men who profess the law, medicine, ma- 
chineiy, or the arts, must first acquire a professional education. How much more 
neces.s"ary with us who hold in our hands the lives of so many people, and the honor 
and good name of the country itself? 

I also observe that j'ou meet an objection by some people in the early part of our civil 
W'ar, when the minds of all were aroused, excited, and ajjt to run astray. None of us 
contend that because we graduated at "West Point, we are the less intn, with all the 
passions and weaknesses of other men, liable to err, and even to crime ; but the facts 
and figures given by you are conclusive on this point, that in the great heaving cause 
that shook our national fabric, a less proportion of our graduates were blinded and 
misled than of Senators and llei^resentatives in Congress, of Judges of the Supreme 
Court, or of the colleges located in the most rigidly patriotic spots of our country — 
Yale and Harvard. 

I do not think w-e claim that West Point can in four years accomplish miracles and 
utterly remould the character of its pupils, but it has in the past and will make in the 
future, men more useful in the details of life, more reliable and faithful to their trusts, 
whether private or public, and more national in their attributes and aspirations, than 
any other system of education hitherto tried ; and these results are cheaply attained 
by our national Military Academy. 

While there is such unlimited freedom to the expression of public opinion as in our 
country, we must expect the widest criticism and the wildest views ; but my observa- 
tion convinces me that at no former period of our history was the Academy more firmly 
rooted in the respect and good opinion of our people than now, and I have no fears 
but that it will always receive, the generous and fostering care of the Government. 

In the course of TOiy service I have been thrown most intimately with volunteer 
officers who had not received the advantage of the West Point course ; but all, without 
exception, regretted that they had not enjoyed, in early life, the minute and systematic 
instruction in the elements of the militarj' profession, which they realized were better 
taught at West Point than at any other institution of our country. 

Instead of learning the same things with the aid of books, they had to learn them in 
camp, sometimes at the expense of valuable lives. 

Knowing the intense interest you take in this subject, I assure you of my ardent 
sympathy and best wishes for your entire success. 

With great respect, 

W. T. Sherman, Lleuienani- General. 



Frc/m Major- General George IT. Tliomas. 

Louisville, Ky., February 17, 18G8. 

My Dear General — I yesterday received, per Adams' Express, the copy of the 
Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy, which you were 
so kind as to send me, for which I bog voti to accept my sincere thanks. 

Aside from its value to the graduates of the Military Academy, as containing a con- 
densed and reliable summary of their military and civil history after graduating, it 
must be a source of just pride to them to see there recorded indisputable evidence of 
as much loyalty among the alumni of our Alma Mater as can be met with among any 
other class of American citizens. 

I veiature unhesitatingly to say, also, that no other institution of learning in the 
country has contributed more to the advancement of science and literature than the 
Military Academy at West Point. 

I am, very truly yours, 

Geo. H. Thomas, Mnjor-Oeneral U. S. A. 
2 



F)-om a distinguished Officer of Volunteers. 

My Dear General — In acknowledging a copy of your Register to-day received, I 
take the liberty to say how much curious instruction and pleasure I have found in a 
cursory examination of its most laborious details. I am reminded of the expressive, 
stern silence of tlie vacant place on the wall, once occupied by the picture of Marino 
Faliero among the Doges of Venice, when I look at your short final record of such 
graduates as Jctferson Davis and Robert E. Lee. It seems to me very felicitous to 
leave them and all their barren honors without a word of mention, when they severed 
their connection with an institution which has been the splendid mnae- praisidium et 
decifs— of National Life and Loyalty. It is grand. 

Your preface meets my warm sympathy. As a volunteer it was my lot to serve 
under, with, and over graihiates of West Point. I felt the great delicacy of command- 
ing men bred to " le metier des armes" without offending their self-love or my own. 
And it is a pleasant memory to me that my warmest friendships were with regulars, 
graduates chiefly ; and I have often said that I was, in every duty, perfectly sure of the 
true, loyal, and whole-souled service of those men who knew so much better than mj'- 
self whether my orders were correct enough to justify the readj'' and energetic support 
which, in every instance of my exi^erience in service, I received. My gratitude to these 
gallant men is glad to find even this private exj^ressiou. I honored and felt for them ; 
and my grateful esteem for them all — those who taught mc much and those who deli- 
cately concealed how much they could teach me, that I ought in my position to know — 
has left me with a most fraternal love for many individuals, and the highest regard and 
respect for the Military Academy as a faithful, essential bulwark of our safety. 



Fi'om a Graduate of Harvard College. 

General — .... Although a stranger, permit me to express the obhgations which 
every citizen should feel for this most valuable and important contribution to the history 
of the nation ; and its j^reparation must have involved a mitch greater amount of labor 
than j'OU even are willing to allow. 

The defence of West Point in your introduction will be of great value, and yet it is 
rather melancholy to think that any word of defence is needed, when the whole country, 
and even our heavens, are covered with monuments of its scientific attainments and 
achievements, and while the paths of the dead are but too thickly strewed with those 
other sad monuments which speak of patriotism, heroism, and faithful endeavor. 

But your pages have a record of the living, which must endear the Academy to the 
hearts and understanding of all this generation — if we except ambitious declaimers and 
political demagogues ; and for the service which yovi have done to the body politic, you 
will excuse me if I take the liberty of thus expressing my grateful acknowledgments. 



From the Xorth American Beview. 

General Cullum has finally published his long-expected Revised Register of West 
Point Graduates. It is a book indispensable to every one who studies the military 
history or establishment of the Republic; but its keenest interest is for those who are its 
subject. It gives concisely, but fully and accurately, the leading events in the life of 
each graduate, from the opening of the Academy to the reorganization of the army, in 
1S6G; and the simple record of efforts, triumphs, and tragedies is the more affecting to 
the survivors from the close ties with which the Academy has bound together the Reg- 
ular Army. An esprit de corps, unknown to any other college in the country, is created 
liy the very nature and regulations of the institution. Cadets just emerging from boy- 
hood are separated from their homes and from the world for four years. For amends, 
the}' are bound together by constant intercourse and a systematic emulation in studies, 
arts, exercises, and amusements. They are in constant and familiar association with 
localities and scenes famous in Cadet tradition for the deeds of their predecessors, to 
which their own exploits are to be added, — both forming through their lives an 
exhaustlcss theme for the night watches in the steaming jungles of the Everglades or 
the icy mountains of Oregon. And to whatever post an officer may go, he will be 
welcomed by those who know him intimately, at least by reputation, and with whom 
he has a thousand common interests. Isola-tion magnifies trifles ; and in the little 
absolute despotism of West Point, party spirit runs high, and for ten years before the 

3 



war, the Cadets took sides in their violent political disputes, almost io a man, as they 
were afterwards divided, iu life or in death, on the hard-fought battle-iields of the great 
Rebelliou ; and as then, after the dispute, Cadets would (]uietly fall in and march to 
mess to discuss over their hash the performance of their horses at cavalry drill, so, 
during the war. on our side at least, after the prisoners were brought in. it was no rare 
sight to find a Rebel as much at home in the camp of some former room-mate or com- 
rade, as though for the time every jmnciple of the "little unpleasantness" was for- 
gotten, and the dingy Eebel graj' was transformed, and represented to their eyes 
nothing but the old spruce uniform, more familiar to them both than any other. 

This freemasonry seems an obnoxious exclusi\eness to some unreasonable oi:>ponents 
who ignore its advantages. It is probably one of the causes of the violent and unjust 
attacks to which the Academj' is so often subject. The Preface of General CuUum's 
Register gives and suggests facts which should disarm such a.s.sailants, and which are 
invaluable for the defence made by its friends, and for candid inquirers after the 
truth. 

In the first j'ears of the late war, many undeserved reproaches were thrown out 
against the Academy for failing to accomplish impossibilities, and the country seemed 
ignorant of the familiar principle, of which General Cullum here reminds us, that for 
great commanders, ability, knowledge, and experience — all three— are essential. In 
1861 there was no military experience in the coimtry at all proportioned to the neces- 
sary scale of operations ; there was, no doubt, more military abilitj' among the men 
whose tastes had impelled them to seek West Point, than among the same number in 
civil life ; and military knowledge was confined to the Regular Army and to the grad- 
uates. Under these circumstances, it would seem to have been clear where our leaders 
should have been sought exclusively at the outset. The assembled wisdom of the 
nation thought differently, and it is an instructive study to compare the places held by 
political generals in the Union Army early in the war with the results they had accom- 
plished at its close. General Cullum, with the modesty of a veteran, does not refer to 
this ; but the Army Register for 186G shows, that, of the seventeen general officers of 
the Regular Army at the end of the war. all but one were graduates of West Point; and 
without detracting from General Terry's glory, it is just to say that his promotion was 
rather due. to the enthusiasm for one valuable victory than for well-established general- 
ship, and that this victory was of the straightforward sort that depends more on the 
bodj' of troops than on their head. 

But war, if an expensive, is also a thorough school, and the knowledge and experi- 
ence gained in the Rebellion were so great in proportion, that they were i-apidly 
destroying the advantage in these respects before held by regularly educated soldiers ; 
and by the end of the war, leaders, whether Volunteer or Regulai', were fast falling into 
the places their aVnlity entitled them to. 

It is true manj' West Point commanders failed, even where this was not due to their 
supporters or to circumstances. This is only allowing that all did not possess the 
three requisites that have been mentioned. But it must be remembered that the Con- 
federacy advanced its We.st Point graduates much more systematically than we did, 
and that many a defeat for the Union was still a success, though on the wrong side, for 
West Point. 

This leads us to speak of the loyalty of West Point graduates. It is a common 
notion that they were under peculiar obligations to the United States Government. 
This mistake is well exposed by General Cullum, who argues unanswerably that they 
were educated by the country for its benefit, and not for their own ; and that the event 
has proved the economy of the Academy, even in dollars and cents. This is clear from 
a view which the author only hints at. Every Cadet is enlisted to serve four j'ears 
after graduating. In these four years, most of them — all those iu staff corps— have 
responsibilities and perform duties that in commercial life would command pay enough 
higher than they receive to amply compensate for the cost of their education. It is 
difficult to see that the crime of a Southern graduate, in rebelling, is any greater than 
that of any other government official. 

But arc we not assuming a little too much in taking the disloyalty of West Point for 
granted? One of the saddest experiences of the war was the observation of the deep- 
seated, firm conviction in the minds of many of the most high-minded, religious 
Southern men and women, and growing from their first consciousness in the minds of 
their children, that their cause was a righteous one, and that they were resisting an 
unholy war of invasion ; one of the plcasantcst sights in a general view, but without 
much comfort for our side, immediate or future, was that of the active, cordial sympa- 
thy of the Southern women with the men, even more general and efficient than with 
us. The question was not brought home to us, and it is hard fur us to form an idea of 
the strength and suffering required for a kindly, right-minded man to give up the 
dearest ties of earth for a point of abstract morality enveloped in a thick cloud of casu- 
istry, and to become a reproach and an outcast iu the laud of his fathers. If those who 

4 



failed iu this test deserve censure, certainly those who stood it deserve no common 
praise, and in reference to these. General Cnllum gives us facts and figures oi which 
West Point may well be proud. He says : 

'•It is unfortunately true that many forgot the flag under which they were educated, 
to follow false gods. But who were the leaders of this treason, but the honoi-ed and 
trusted iu the laud, filling, or who had filled, the highest places in the government, — 
Senators, Representatives, Members of the Cabinet, Foreign Ministers, Judges of 
United States Courts, and even those who had been elected by the people to fill the 
highest offices in their gift? Was it then a gi-eater crime for graduates of our national 
Academy to forsake their country than for the highest officials in every branch of the 
government, executive, legislative, and judicial, who, from the seceding States, almost 
to a man, joined the llebel standard ? 

••But let us examine this llebellion Record a little more closely. In the executive 
department toxxr ))residents were living when secession began. Of these, the only South- 
erner joined the Rebels ; another did the country more harm than an avowed enemy ; 
while the others, certainly, were not over-demonstrative in their efforts to preserve the 
Union. Belonging to the bench of the Supreme Court there were four Southern Judges, 
of whom two remained loj'al, one was strongly sympathetic with the South, and one 
joined the Rebels. The Southern Judges of the United States District Courts sided 
with their own | eople. Of the Senators in Congress from the seceding States, but one, 
and of the House of Representatives, but Uiree, remained loyal. Nearly all the agents of 
the State, Treasurj', Interior, and Post-Office Departments, residing in or from the 

seceding States, espoused the Rebel cause Of those appointed in the army 

from civil life, nearly one half, while but a little over one fifth of the West Point officers 

left the service and joined in the Rebellion 

"The statistics show that the West Point part of the army has been by far the most 
loyal branch of the public service ; that nearly four fifths of its graduate officers 
remained faithful ; that one half of those from the South stood firm by the stars and 
stripes ; and in the battles for the Union, that one fifth of those engaged laid down their 
lives, more than one third, and probably one half, were wounded, and the survivors can 
point with manly pride to their services here recorded for the preservation of the 
nation."' 

With these facts stated, the Academy needs no eulogy, and can securely rest her 
honor on her loyal children, and her efficiency on her turbulent children as well. 

The book in respect to taste and execution is admirable. It does not stoop to pre- 
serve the fame of misdirected valor, and the only notice of the most eminent Rebels 
after leaving our service, as though when they lost their honor they had lost their lives 
with it, is, that they "joined in the Rebellion of 1861-66, against the United States," 
with the date and place of their death, when known. The labor of compilation and 
correction was immense ; the arrangement is singularly convenient, system^atic, and 
happy ; and the result is a new honor in peace to its author, already so distinguished 
in war, and a new illustration of the claims of the institution he defends. 



From the Xew York Herald. 

"After many years of persevering toil," says the author, "I present to my brother 
graduates of the Military Academy, this record of their services, honorable to them- 
selves, giving world renown to their Alma Mater, and claiming for their country a place 
in the first rank of military nations." 

This work will not be considered by the public iu the light in which its author mod- 
estly regards it, as having its chief interest in the circle of the graduates from the Mili- 
tary Academy. It is a contribution to the history of the country, and just now will be 
more especially regarded as a contribution to the history of the war. It is hardly po.s- 
sible to over estimate its value in this regard. It contains, well digested in cyclopnsdic 
form, a vast amount of information of a kind always difficult to obtain, inasmuch as it 
is in so great a degree personal. It comprises in its two volumes of over six hundred 
pages each, "The Etats de Service" of all graduates from the establishment of the 
Military Academy, in 1802, to the present time ; a complete register of the officers of the 
institution, vrith their histories ; a full list of the military posts of the United States, 
present and past ; an alphabetical table of all battles, combats, actions, &c., in which 
graduates have_ participated ; besides much other useful and statistical information. 

And these "Etats de Service," 2,500 in number, though not biographies in the tn-di- 
nary sense of the term, nevertheless contain the prominent facts of each individual's 
military or public life. They are the protracted creations of a lifetime, and do not 
come iu the category of the numerous easily-written narrations and so-called histories 

5 



of the eveuts of ouv great civil war. with which the press teems, and, moreover, they 
demaud habits of miud, intellectual qualitications, and tastes which are rarely com- 
bined. 

When, however, such a work does at rare intervals appear, it at once becomes a 
nece.'^sity. No historian can vrrite, no student can read or .study his countrj^'s history 
without'it, while to libraries, public and private, it becomes a sine qua 7ion. Nor would 
any one who has become acquainted with the character of this work and feels interest 
in the civil or military career of any one of the Academy's graduates, or would have a 
remembrance of the events of our various struggles with foreign powers or of those of 
that momentous one for our national existence, willingly be without these volumes. 

The preface to the work sets forth in brief the importance of military education. It 
seems strange that it could be necessary to argue such a point, that we could expect 
individuals or nations to excel in the most difficult of all arts without the study and 
practice which evei'y other art, or science, or calling demands for its perfect exercise. 

Yet we cannot ignore the fact that there are those who depreciate military education, 
and by the phrase "heaven-born generals." would understand men who, from the bar 
or the plough, pass at once to the successful command of armies. Such anomalies are 
never presented. Cromwell, indeed, had little education of any kind when he entered 
public life, but it required years of the stern teachings of actual warfare to make him 
the great soldier he became. Great soldier as he was, he became yet greater as a states- 
man, and that, too, in the same school of actual practice in the art of statesmanship. 
The arguments against education would in his case be as strong, therefore, as applied 
to its use for making statesmen, as soldiers. 

llany, however, admit the necessity of military education while denouncing the Mil- 
itary Academj' as a means to that end. 

Against the aspersions of such it is the feature of General Cullum's work that it fur- 
nishes so rich materials for its vindication. To showing how the Academy has been 
not only the means of giving us an accomplished body of officers for our army, but also 
of raising the staudai-d of scientific education in all the colleges of the land, and of 
stimulating the development of works of civil engineering and internal improvements, 
by furnishing the country with able civil engineei'S, a portion of the preface is devoted ; 
and we think his statements, founded as they are upon the carefully collected facts 
which the book records, must be convincing to all who are not prejudiced beyond the 
power of truth to convince. 

The author is not less earnest and full in dealing with charges of "disloyalty." He 
proves that the most loyal branch of the public service, when looked at as a whole, was 
that mainly constituted by the Academy and its graduates. 

In the brief space we can devote to the subject, we can but indicate its main features, 
and express our conviction of the conscieutiou.s hdeiity with which the author has elab- 
orated his work, and of the peculiar value of that work to the country, which should be 
the more grateful to the author, since gratitude must be taken by him in part payment, 
for the sale of such books seems uecessaril}' restricted. 



From the Boston Walchman a)id Reflector. 

These two volumes of thirteen hundred pages are a monument of General Cullum's 
reverence for his Alma Mater, and of the patient industry with which he has ransacked 
archives, examined tons of manuscripts, and written thousands of letters to collect and 
condense the summaries of the services of the graduates of the Military Academy. The 
work contains the " Statistics relating to the Graduates ;" a record of the "Battles and 
Combats fought by the United States Armies since the establishment of the Academj' ;" 
a list of the "Forts, Arsenals, and Military Posts of the United States ;" a "Register of 
the Officers of the Academy," of their "Services and Promotions," and a "FiCgister of 
the Graduates" from its establishment until 18G7. The accuracy and comjileteuess of 
the work will render it serviceable to the historian, while its brief but frequent narration 
of services will serve to correct the prejudice against the Academy which so strangely 
exists. While one half of the officers appointed in the army from civil life joined the 
rebellion, but a little over one fiiith of the West Point graduates deserted their flag to 
serve in the ranks of secession. 0)io half of the officers appointed from the South 
adhered to the Union ; one tilth of all those graduates engaged in the war laid down 
their lives, one half were wounded, and the survivors may answer hostile criticism of 
their Alma Mater by pointing with manly pride to the services recorded in these vol- 
umes. General Cullum says that " the entire cost of educating the whole of the seced- 
ing graduates, in money, was not more than was saved by the military knowledge of its 
(West Point's) loyal graduates on every day of the rebellion." 

6 



From the A'ew York Times. 

The Beeches, ilonday, March 9, 1868. 

I shonld do injustice to my own sense of its value, and to the extraordinary pains 
General CuUuni has taken in its preparation, if I did not notice, in what terms of favor 
I could, the Biographical Register of the Otficers and Graduates of the United Stales 
Military Academy. In my opinion, no more valuable material for history exists in this 
country. The triennial catalogues of our colleges utterly fail in that for which they 
might be made of incalculable value. This is in showing what the graduates of colleges 
have done. They do show when a graduate has become a clergyman, and when one 
got an A. M., D. D., or LL. D. ; but this shows verj' little of what they really are, and 
nothing of what they have done. Men get D. D. 's and LL. D. 's often when they have 
done verj' little to deserve them. An LL. D., in its true sense, is a distinction for 
great learning, but when our colleges give such a degi-ee to a man for fighting battles. 
it is just as if West Point conferred D. D.'s for the same thing. Even the universities 
of England have got to giving learned titles just as the German princes confer the title 
of Baron, market ouuerl. For this reason the catalogues of colleges, like the West Point 
Register, should tell what the gi-aduates have done, what they have lived tor, what they 
have shown to justifj' a liberal education. 

In this respect, Gen. Cullum's Register of West Point is invaluable. If any one has 
got anything to say against West Point, let him take up that Register, and say it, but 
say it with this roll oif hard work, of honorable service, and of great performance before 
him. J. undertake to say that, taking the average of their years and opportunities into 
view, the 2.200 graduates of West Point have done more solid work than anj- equal 
number of any profession. 

Some persons may fiay that the work for which they are educated is an evil work ; 
that war is an enormous evil. Grant it ; but military men do not make war. Wars are 
made by merchants and politicians. The East India Company (a company of mer- 
chants ) made more wars and caused more bloodshed than any ecpial number of officers 
and soldiers on the face of the earth. And more than half of modem wars have been 
caused by what is called aggression on commerce. And even the professed ministers 
of the church, the brilliant priests who figured as the statesmen of the middle ages, and 
of Bourbons and Stuarts, made more wars than any generals of the army. War is not 
the desire, but to conduct war is the business of educated soldiers. As long as avarice 
•md ambition make war a business among mankind, there must be men educated to it. 
That needs no argument. 

A graver charge has been made against West Point, that it is immoral and irreligious. 
The latest edition of this charge is in a letter, professedly from some unfledged cadet to 
a paper in Chicago, and subsequently quoted in Congi-ess. Now, suppose this was actu- 
ally true, is it not equally true of eveiy college in the land? It is a high compliment to 
"West Point to expect its young men to be perfect when it is not expected of any college 
in the country. I undertake to say, without fear of contradiction, that there is more 
restraint and less temptation to dissipation at West Point than there is at Harvai-d, 
Yale, or Princeton. What restraint is there at Harvard or Yale to prevent dissipation 
or immorality among young men to any extent? Would it be difficult to find Harvard 
students in gross dissipation ? Would it be difficult to find Yale students where the 
laws of the college forbid them to go? Ou the other hand, it is barely possible for the 
cadets at West Point to escape at night and engage in some immorality. This is pos- 
sible, but it is not common and it is not easy. The whole establishment and grounds 
belong to the Government ; the discipline is strict and most rigidly enforced, and the 
outward temptations small. The jiublic services of religion are properly attended to, 
and there is a cadet's prayer meeting once a week for those who are religiously inclined. 
The chaplain stands to West Point in the same relation that the Professor of Moral 
Philosophy and Ethics does to tlie colleges. He could do something more if he was 
entirely relieved (as he ought to be) from the duties of a professorship. I knew a chap- 
lain at West Point to do something I have not seen the professors in colleges do. The 
corps of cadets were drawn up at sunrise each morning of the spring, in a hollow 
square, and in the centre of that square the pious and amiable chaplain knelt down on 
the yet wet grass and offered up wor.sh:p and service to the living God. I am not 
aware that the chaplains of colleges do much better than that. But thei-e is in some 
things an air of religion about colleges not seen at West Point. Why? Mainly because 
a large number of young men go to colleges for the express purpose of being educated 
for the ministry; and, of course, there are a large number there who are more rigid 
and earnest in religious duties. 

One great wrong has crept into West Point, which is in imitation of college practices, 
called hazing. I am told it is nearly done away with. Any institution will lose by 
permitting that practice. For the older cadets or students to imjjose upon the young 

7 



and inexperienced, is mean and dishonorable. It is contraiy to the whole spirit of 
chivalry, which aims to be jnst, generous, and magnanimous. The weak and innocent 
are the objects of its care, and to persecute them is alike cruel and dishonorable. 

I intended only to notice the Register ; but I can only state some general focts. The 
first cadet, Joseph G. Swift, was graduated in 1802, and after being engaged in various 
services, civil and military, died in 1865, at the age of 82. The whole number of grad- 
uates, from 1802 to 1867, inclusive, was 2,218. In that sixtj'-five years this country had 
but nine years of real war, and in those nine years 183 were killed in battle. I think 
that will be thought a large proportion. But it is not half the deaths caused by these 
wars, for there is the long list of those who died of disease or wounds caused by those 
campaigns. Let us take one class as an exami^le. The class of 1841 had fifty-two 
graduates. Of these twentj^-five are dead. Fourteen were killed in battle and ten died 
in service. Forty-three —more than four fifths — were engaged in battles. The first one 
on the class list was engaged in thirteen important battles ; the next in twelve ; the 
fifth, ha^^ng served at Bull Run and Chancellorsville, died of wounds ; the tenth was 
killed at the battle of Molino del Rey ; the eleventh (Lyon) was killed at the battle of 
Wilson's Creek ; the twelfth was killed near Cherubusco, Mexico ; the thirteenth died 
at Vera Cruz ; the sixteenth was kiUed at the battle of Stone River ; the twenty-second 
died near Corinth, Miss., in the army pursuing Beauregard ; the twentj'-third (Brannan) 
was engaged in fifteen battles ; the twent^'^-sixth (Reynolds) was killed at Gettj'sburg ; 
the thirty-third died of wounds received at Molino del Rey ; the thirty-eighth died of 
wounds received at Sharpsburg ; the thirty-ninth was kille4 i^t Spottsylvania ; the forty- 
eighth was killed at Chepultepec ; the fiftieth died of wounds at Mexico ; the fifty- 
second died of wounds at Mexico. This class had sixteen generals, of whom Lyon, 
Reynolds, Wright, Tower, and Brannan were a part ; two were killed in the rebel ser- 
vice—the Garnetts. 

I have taken this class as an example, to show both what services were rendered by 
the graduates of West Point, and what admirable materials for history are here. No 
man can write history of any value without a most exact reference to events and dates ; 
nor can the history of the United States, in the last sixty years, be written well without 
consulting very closely the records of West Point. 

History is the record of what is done, and not the babbling of orators, or the verbiage 
of literature. I say, therefore, the Register of West Point, prepared by General CuUum, 
is a most invaluable memoir for historj'. It ought to have been a government work. 
But our government is a curious affair in some of its workings. Look at the enormous 
sums it spends to pay Gales & Seaton for various sorts of works ; look at the thousands 
it has paid for biographies of Senators, for books, and this, that, and the other thing — 
none of which had the tenth part of the value of this register. But let that pass. 
Human justice is the frailest of virtues. It always follows in the wake of human sel- 
fishness, and if you have not the arts of flattery and importunity, in vain will you 
appeal to government for an iota of justice or a particle of consideration. 

I hope at some time to give some brief notice of men whom I have known in my 
time, and whom these pages partly commemorate. They are to me pages of memories 
— sad, almost painful to look upon ; yet, of such is our life composed, and, as time goes 
on, this volume of memory grows larger and sadder. 

A Vetekan Obseevek. 



I^vm the Army and Navy Journal. 

For the last six years, in the press, on the platform, in Congress, all possible changes 
have been rung on what is called the "disloyalty" of the Military Academy at West 
Point. This charge, utterly groundless, thoroughly ungrateful, and base in its ingrati- 
tude, was connected, of course, with the very natural fact that the best generals of the 
South {like the best generals of the North) received their military education at the 
national school of arms. As often as repeated, so often the slander has been repelled 
with indignant vehemence. And yet, with such persistency is the venomous charge 
reitei-ated, that, we presume, half the people in the North, even among the friends and 
admirers of the Academy, naturally conjecture that there is something in it. As for 
the accusation itself, it has been partly urged in malice, partly by jealousy, but chiefly, 
let us hope, through complete ignorance of the facts. 

Thanks to General Cullum (whose admirable "Biographical Register," a ten-years' 
labor, is such a monument of industi-y, fidelity, knowledge, and skill, as can only be 
found among those literary products where the love of the work overtops any possible 
reward the result can furnish), wo have now the exact facts and figures to refute the 
libel upon our national school, and we trust that, in justice, we shall never again, not 
even when the annual approjjriation is to be made in Congress, hear of the "disloyalty' 
of West Point. We will first present the figures, and then some brief comments. 

8 



From this careful and elaborate work it appears that, at the outbreak of the Rebellion, 
1,245 graduates of the Academy were supposed to be living, 820 being still in the Army, 
and 425 in civil life. 0{ the 820 in the Ai-my, only 184, or ouli/ about a fifth, joined in 
the Rebellion, while f)2(), or nearly four fifths, remained true to the Union-^10 taking 
neither side. Of the 425 in the civil life, but !)',), or less than one fourth, were known 
to have joined the Rebels, whihi 280, or nearly three times the latter number, remained 
loyal. Tlie careers of 44 were unknown ; but the proportion remains, doubtless, as 
already indicated. In tine, of the 1,245 graduates of the Academy living at the outbreak 
of the Rebellion, less than one fourth joined in the Rebellion, and over three fourths 
were true to the Union. And this is the record on which is raised the crj' of "disloyalty !" 

When, in addition, we tiud from General CuUum's tables that of the 280 loyal gradu- 
ates in civil life, 110 re-entered the service, though half of them were beyond the 
meridian of life, and that of the remaining 170, all under 45 j'ears old, became officers 
of the Regular or Volunteer Ai-mies, except 39, who, from disability and other causes, 
did not take an "active part ;" when we find that of all the loyal sons of West Point 
who served in the Rebellion, a greater proportion than one in three were wounded in 
battle, and one in five (an astonishing record) laid down their lives in the same sacred 
cause, surely there should be an end to the cry of "disloyalty." 

So much for the absolute "disloyalty" of this "hot-bed of treason," this "nest of 
secession," as fervid stump orators are sometimes pleased to style our Military Academy. 
Now let us look at its relative "disloyalty" — its "disloyalty," we mean, compared with 
that of Congress, of such colleges as that at Cambridge, and of the country itself. For, 
if West Point be a hot-bed of disloyalty, then are Cambridge, Congress, and the country 
forcing- houses of treason more fruitful yet. We are assured by good authorities that of 
the Southern graduates of Cambridge, residing still at the South at the time of the 
Rebellion, not one tenth espoused the cause of the Union, much less entered its military 
service. Even in the border States they went for or against the Union, in accordance 
with the general sentiment of their sections. We have heard more than one Harvard 
graduate of a dozen years ago aver that, after reading the names of all the distinctively 
Southern students in his own and contiguous classes, he could not remember one who 
had joined the Northern Army, and all that he knew anything about had joined the 
military or civil service of the Confederacy. 

Now let us turn to Congress. General Cullum declares that of the Senate but one 
member from the States that seceded remained loyal, and of the House but three — and 
they from a border State. All the rest, scores in number, went with the Confederacy. 
General Cullum further well says that even "the Southern United States District 
judges sided with their own people, " as did ' ' nearly all the Southern agents of the 
State, Treasury. Interior, and Post-Office Departments ;" of the four living Presidents 
themselves, "the only Southerner joined the Rebels; another did the country more 
harm than an avowed enemy; while the other's were certainly not over demonstrative 
in their etforts to preserve the Union." In one word, no position was high or sacred 
enough to insure the loyalty of its occupant, no oath taken or "favors received" from 
the United States could retain a tenth part of the Southern people. And as for the 
whole Republic, it is fresh in remembrance how it was rent in twain, nearly all the 
South going one way, and nearly all the North the other. Not one Southerner in ten 
remained loyal. 

Now, turning to the Military Academy, what do we find ? We find that of 350 grad- 
uates born in or appointed from slave territory who were in the military service at the 
outbreak of the Rebellion, no less than 162 remained loyal, while 168 joined the Rebels. 
In other words, while in the colleges, in Congress, in the country, lo^'alty was so rare 
an exception among Southern men that probably not one in ten exhibited it, one half of 
the Southern graduates of the Academy remained true to the Union and fought in its 
behalf. In the foce of this record, and of the record of the achievements of the loyal 
half of the Southern soldiers, headed by Major-General George H. Thomas, of Virginia, 
compared with the record of Congress, the colleges, and the country, shall we speak 
hereafter of the " disloyalty" or of the lustrous loyalty of the Academy? 

Much praise has been given, and deservedly, to Harvard, to Yale, and to other famous 
colleges for their devotion to the cause of the Union. Lowell has immortalized that 
devotion for Harvard in his magnificent ode, and its fame has spread not less in Europe 
than America. Only the other day a London newspaper said, "Harvard sent her 
under-graduates, not by ones and twos, but by whole classes, to the front. These lads, 
the flower and the jDromise of the North, laid aside their books and took up the musket, 
many as private soldiers, to fight for the cause which they saw to be so precious. Tho 
list of students who fell by wounds or illness is long enough to make a famous bead- 
roll wherewith to answer those who say that the natural aristocracy of America holds 
aloof from her destinies." It is nobly and worthily said ; but not less devoted, not less 
loj-al, not less heroic in battle, were the children of West Point, and their "bead-roll" 
of ci'diu is longer and more illustrious. Whereas tho Southern sous of Harvard plunged. 

9 



i-ilo (lisnniou iu a mass, nearly one half of those of West Point remained steadfast to 
the Union. Have we, then, all praise for one institution, and only the word "disloj'al" 
for the other ? 

True it is that the Lees and Johnstons and Braggs and Beauregards and Long- 
streets and most of the famous soldiers of the South were West Point graduates ; but 
lower in rank were Southern Congressmen, holders of the United States offices of honor 
and trust, and graduates of Northern colleges in greater projiortions. It was the 
excellence of the training furnished to all its pupils. Northern and Southern, that put 
the cause on both sides completely under West Point control. And for these banes 
there were antidotes in Grant, Sherman, Thomas, Meade. Halleck, Sheridan, Hancock, 
and so on through all the grades, from general down. Were it our purpose to go into 
an estimate of the value of the Academy to the countrj', we should set forth the splendid 
array of its great names, and the illustrious catalogue of their victories. But it is 
enough to show what a weight of "loyalty" it lent to the Union. Harvard's devotion 
aud loyalty are peerless, and we are all proud to reverence them ; but if General Pi. E. 
Lee was a graduate of West Point, General W. H. F. Lee, his son, was a pupil for two 
years at Harvard ; if West Point sent out Beauregard, Harvard sent out a member of 
Beauregard's staff. Why is it that we hear impiitations of "lessons of treason" 
imbibed at one place, but only of "lessons of loyalty" imbibed at the other? 

More convincing than all other proofs, perhaps, of the unparalleled loyalty of West 
Point is the fact mentioned by General Cullum, that of the apj^ointees from civil life in 
the Army, at the beginning of the Rebellion, fully one Imlf joined the fortunes of the 
Confederacy, while only one fifth, as we have seen, of the West Point graduates in the 
Army proved disloyal. What do those say to this fact, who are wont to say that but 
for West Point there would have been no secession? It was the Army ofllcers from 
civil life who, in such a vastly greater ratio, espoused the cause of the Rebellion. In 
face of these accumulated proofs of the loyalty of the JMilitary Academy, of the unequalled 
extent to which it held even its Southern graduates trrie to the Union, and the conspic- 
uous services it rendered to the country, the voice of detraction should be shamed into 
.silence, and, in a reaction of feeling, the long-deferred honor be given where honor is 
due. 



From the New York Citizen. 

General Cullum's work is valuable for two distinct reasons : It is of great use and 
interest to army men, and it fully vindicates West Point from the foolish charge of 
being a nursery of treason. 

During the early part of the war, a portion of the Northern press became impatient 
becarise our armies did not at once achieve crushing victories ; and calling to mind the 
fact that the Southern armies were chiefly led by West Point men, rashly concluded 
that the West Point element, both in the Rebel and Federal armies, was either hostile 
or lukewarm to the Union cause. The fact that Lee, Longstreet, Jackson, and the 
Hills were graduates of the Military Academy, was made so prominent that the jjeople 
began to believe that the majority of the graduates had joined the rebellion. Long 
before the war was over, the true state of the case became iully known. The loj-alty of 
the great majority of the West Point men was established Vjeyond controversy, and the 
fact that the leaders under whom the rebellion was finally crushed were originally 
educated at the much-sneered-at Military Academy, convinced the people that West 
Point was not the irseless institution which some had hastily proclaimed it. 

General Cullum, by the inexorable logic of statistics, shows the falsity of the charges 
against the loyalty of the West Point officers. Only twenty-threo per cent, of the gradu- 
ates entered the Rebel service. One half of those appointed from Southern States 
remained loyal, and of the loyal graduates one fifth were killed in defence of the ilag 
under which they were educated, and fully one half were wounded in the same noble 
cause. These figures need no comment, but prove conclusively that West Point was 
never, in any sense, a nursery of treason. 

Of the admirable manner in which General Cullum has contrived to condense the 
military and civil history of each of the two thousand two hundred and eighteen grad- 
uates into these two volumes, it is not easy to speak too highly. The date of appoint- 
ment and graduation of each cadet, the date of his several commissions or brevets, the 
campaigns in which he served, ana the places to which he was appointed or detailed 
for duty, the names and dates of the engagements in which he participated, and iu too 
many instances the record of his death, are given with the utmost brevity consistent 
with clearness. The author has displayed organizing abilities of a high order in the 
arrangement of his Register, and a degree of care aud industry that reminds one of the 
elaborate thoroughness which he displayed during the war. « « * « 

The Register will be indispensable to every army man, and to any one who wishes to 
understand the true worth of the West Point Academy. 

10 



From " The Great liepnbUr," W-islitajtrin, D. C. 

General Cnllnm's ]iio<Tr,iphical Kegister embmces some 2,503 militnvy Ijio'^raphies, 
carefully i-ompiled trom the most aullieutic sources, and are arranged according to the 
several classes of graduates since the establishment of the institution, in l.S()2. Among 
the long roll of graduates, we miss, of cours3. the names of such volunteer heroes as 
Logan, Sickles. Farnsworth. (J-arlield, and others ; but in tlio military biographies of 
such soldiers as Grant. Sherman, Sheridan, and George H. Thomas, of Hooker, Burn- 
side. Meade, and Pope, of Mansfield, Richardson. ^IcPherson, and Howard, of Griffin, 
McGook, Heintzleman, and Kilpatrick, and in the statistics and tables of battles and 
other military matters relating to the rebellion, are embraced an interesting and an- 
thentic military record of the battles and grand military triumphs of our thousands of 
volunteer heroes against the common foe. 

General GuUum. himself a graduate of West Point, is manifestly a loj'al man. and 
clo.ses the biography of all the rebel graduates in 1860-61, with the pregnant remark in 
every case : "/le joined (he rebellion." We are gratified, too, to notice the many evi- 
dences in the able preface to the work, of how warmly he feels the charge against ^Vest 
Point as a nursery of treason ; nor are we displeased with his eloquent etibrts to rebut 
and disprove the charge. He shows by his statistics that 162 Southern graduates 
joined the Union forces, and bravely battled against secession and rebellion. These, 
although cradled and reared in State allegiance, he claims, were rescued from treason 
by West Point influences, resisting every appeal of relative and friend to swerve them 
from loyalty and duty, and with all Northern officers (save sixteen, who dishonored 
their alma mater), and 110 graduates from civil lite, who rejoined the military service, 
bravely fought the good fight for the Union. While one fourth of the officers of 
the navy on the active list resigned or were dismissed in 1860-61, and, being South- 
erners, probably joined the rebellion, he shows that nearly four fif I hs of the West Point 
graduates remained foithful to their oaths of allegiance ; that one half of those from the 
South stood firm by the stars and stripes ; that in the battles of the Union, one fifth of 
those engaged laid down their lives, and that more than one third, probably one half, 
were wounded, while the survivors can point with manly pride to their services for the 
preservation of the nation. 

Thus he warmly defends his institution, and asks : Can any other college or semi- 
nary of learning in the land— can Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Union, or Princeton— all 
of whose Southern students en masse joined the rebellion— show a higher record of 
patriotism or sacrifice ? 

But in nothing does he decry or attempt to detract from, the merits and services of 
our gallant volunteers. He praises them'highly. After eloquently arguing the impor- 
tance of a military education from the light furnished by the history of ancient and 
modern warfare, and the lives of the great captains of ancient and modern times— of 
Cajsar and Hannibal, of Napoleon, Marlborough, and Washington— and showing that 
knowledge and experience have in all ages been th? elements of success, that these can 
only be obtained either from actual service in the field, at a cost of the blood of thou- 
sands, or in seminaries of learning like that of West Point, and that it is far wiser, and 
certainly more humane, to obtain them through the latter, he concludes his preface 
with the following eulogy on our volunteer heroes : 

" All honor to our patriotic and gallant volunteers who, from the bar, the farm, the 
counting house, the workshop, and every sphere of life, rushed at the sound of the first 
hostile gun fired in the rebelliau. to their country's defence ! Their self-sacrifice in 
giving up lucrative positions and the comforts of home for the privations of camp, their 
intelligence in meeting the difficult requirements of their new vocations, their endur- 
ance through long marches and weary campaigns, their steadfastness in the darkest 
hours of disasters, their valor on the battle field or in the deadly assault, their modera- 
tion when victory had assured our success, and their return as peaceful citizens to a 
cordial submission to the laws of their preserved country, are worthy of all commenda- 
tion. Doubtless none more than they felt and appreciated the great value of military 
education and experience as essential adjuncts to a natural genius for war in forming 
the great captain." 



From the Keio York Evening Post. 

It is not every year that so valuable a book appears as the " Biographical Register of 
the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy," edited by General 
George W. Cullum. Of course, the paramount interest of this book is for those whose 
names figure on its pages, and for their friends ; but it is also an important contribution 
to the history of the country. General Cullum has been indefixtigablc in his exertions 
to make the work accurate and complete. ....•• 

General Cullum adds that "the entire cost of educating the whole of the seceding 
graduates, in money, was not more than was saved by the military knowledge of its 
(West Point's) loyal graduates on every da;/ of tke rebellion." 

11 



From the New York National Freemason. 

This is uot a work of brief labor, but of many years of persevering toil. Official and 
private sources of information have been exhausted to make it accurate and complete. 
The General truly says : "Archives have been ransacked, tons of manuscript examined, 
letters by thousands written, and interrogatories almost countless put wherever a hope 
of gleaning any information at all reliable existed." 

The preface is a complete vindication of the West Point Academy from all aspersions. 
Its reference to the great warrior Masons of the world — Washington, Napoleon, Fred- 
erick, Gustavus, Tui'enne, Eugene. Kosciusko — is flattering to the fraternity. 

From its statistical tables we learn that cadets were first ai^pointed in 1802. There 
were but two, one from Maryland and one from Massachusetts. In civil life thei-e have 
been 3 members of the cabinet of the United States ; 7 ministers to foreign courts ; 12 
members of Congress ; 5 Governors of States ; 132 presidents and professors of colleges ; 
138 presidents, chief engineers, and superintendents of railroads ; 75 authors. 

There were 70 battles fought in the war of 1812-15 with Great Britain ; 166 in the 
Indian wars ; 48 in the war with Mexico ; 500 in the recent conflict, in all which the 
graduates of the Academy participated. 

The position of all the forts, arsenals, and military posts i.s given, and a pei-fect 
register of the officers of the Academy from March 16, 1802, to July 1, 1867, making 
837 in all— among whom we notice many devoted Freemasons. 

Then follows the carefulh' prepared record of the services and promotions of the 
officers of the United States Military Academy, making 2,218 in number. 

The first graduate, Joseph G. Swift, was born in and appointed from Massachusetts. 
His militarj' and subsequent career was honorable. General Cullum says of him : 
"Amiable and sincere, spotless in integritj', staunch in friendship, liberal in charity, 
General Swift was a model gentleman, a true patriot, and Christian soldier (we add, and 
consistent Freemason), worthy of the imitation of all who, like him, would live honored 
and revered, and die universally regretted. " 

Another craftsman we notice, Jonathan Williams, born in Massachusetts, and 
appointed from Pennsylvania. During the Ptevohitionary War he resided in Europe, 
being the private secretary to his relative, Di'. Franklin (the Master of the first Lodge 
in Pennsylvania), on his mission to France. Appointed in the army with the rank of 
major, he assumed the superintendency of the Academy, and accepted various high 
military and civil positions. 

Space fails us even to mention the names of the hundreds of Freemasons, whose 
memories will be preserved through the means of this elaborate work. 

The graduates of West Point, their families and friends, and, indeed, the whole 
nation, will gratefully remember General Cullum for his patriotic work. No American 
library, private or public, can be complete without these volumes. 



From the Boston Daily Advertiser. 

So much has been said, and falsely said, of the disloyalty of the graduates of West 
Point, that a few facts gleaned from Geuei'al CuUum's recently published Biographical 
Register of the Officers and Graduates of our Military Academj', will be read with 
interest. The carefully prepared tables show that of the 1,215 graduates supposed to 
be living at the beginning of 1861, 99 from civil life and 181 from the army joined in 
the rebellion, or less than twenty-three per cent. And if two thirds of those whose 
loyalty or disloyalty is unknown are added, it would still appear that more than three 
fourths of the graduates remained faithful to the Union. .... 

Of those graduates who were in the military service of the United States during the 
rebellion, more than one half held volunteer commissions. Of the graduates who 
served in the battles of the late war, one fifth lost their lives for their countrj-, and 
more than one third were wounded. 

General Cullum is earnest in his defence of the Academy against the charge of dis- 
loyalty, and makes some pertinent inqiiiries, as when he asks why Congress, the 
Supreme Court, and the colleges are not equally accused of being nurseries of treason ; 
or when he asks whether it is more disreputable to forsake the flag beneath which the 
'graduate has been reared, than to stain the ermine of the Supreme Court with the crime 
of treason ; or when he asks whether the makers of the laws. Southern Senators and 
Representatives, who trampled the Constitution under foot, were not as guilty when 
violating their oaths as the graduates of the Military Academy. The General asserts, 
and we believe he is correct, that the Southern graduates of Northern colleges espoused 
the Rebel cause almost en masse, while West Point, by the antidote of its loyal teachings, 
saved one half of its Southern i)upils, who, from infancy to manhood, before they 
entered the Academy, had breathed the poisoned air of secession. These arc points to 
be noticed, and with the author we would do all honor to the noble band of 1(J2 gradu- 
ates, who, cradled and reared in the atmosphere of State rights, in the hour of trial 
proved true to their country. 



F)-om Harper s Weekly. 

The recm'cl published by General Cullnm of the military and nther important opera- 
tions of the graduates of West Point, constitutes the best defence of that institution 
which could have been made. It appears that over 2,200 cadets have graduated from 
1802 to and iucludinj;' the class of 1867. Among the names not distinguished in war 
we observ(^ those of Sylvanus Thayer, long the head of the institution ; of llobert P. 
Parrott, who devised the Parrott gun ; of George W. Whistler, the celebrated railroad 
engineer, lately employed in llussia ; and of Alexander D. Bache, one of the ablest 
rejiresentatives of science which this country has produced. 

Washington, in his message of Dec<^mber, 1793. against the expressed opinion of 
Jefterson, recommended what Jefferson called a military academy. "I opposed it," 
says Jefterson in his diary, "as unconstitutional. Hamilton and Knox approved it 
without discussion. Randolph was for it, saying that the words of the Constitution 
authorizing Congress to lay taxes, etc., for the common defence might comprehend it. 
The President said he would not choose to recommend anything against the Constitu- 
tion, but if it were doubtful he was so impressed with the necessity of the measure that 
he wcmld report it to Congress, and let them decide for themselves whether the Consti- 
tution authorized it or not. It was therefore left in." 

In ^lay, 1794, Congress expressed itself favorably to its Constitutionality. In 1796 
Washington again presented the stibject to the attention of Congress. But it was not 
until March. 1802. that West Point was selected for this purpose. Mr. McHenry, the 
Secretary of War under Adams, had urged the matter so fully and forcibly in his annual 
report in ISOO, that its organization on a limited scale took place. Jefterson, in 1803, 
waiving his constitutional scruples, proposed an augmentation of the institution and its 
removal to the then seat of Government, a suggestion which fortunately was not 
adopted. 

It is generally conceded that the great efftciency of West Point is due to the aiTange- 
ments made during the administration of Mr. IMonroe, which extended from March 4, 
1817, to March 4, 1825. General Sylvanus Thayer, in July, 1817, then Major, became its 
Superintendent, after having examined the military schools and establishments of 
Europe, which he visited on the termination of their great conflict, and was the instru- 
ment for carrying into full effect the intentions of the Government. In Major. Thayer 
there was a fortunate union of those qualities which produce severe discipline and afford 
the requisite scope and breadth to military education. Shortly after Major Thayer's 
appointment John C. Calhoun became Secretary of War, which position he held until 
March, 1825. 

West Point had contributed to the war of 1812 but few officers of great distinction — 
General Scott was not a graduate — and as Mr. Calhoun had been in Congress during 
that struggle, and had a mind peculiarly fitted for organization, his first care on enter- 
ing the War Department was to unite with Major Thayer to jilace West Point on the 
best footing possible to enable the country to wage successful war. Mr. Moni-oe's 
administration was the last of those that received their impress from the Picvolution. 
It was composed of statesmen selected not because of any partisan tendencies, but for 
their supposed great ability and tried patriotism. It is not too much to say, that there 
was unquestioned purity and fidelity and generally a high tone of honor in all the 
departments during Mr. Monroe's term, and it is fortunate that West Point received the 
impression of a new and powerful impulse from that administration. It has been 
treasured by the Professors — who legard their honor as the brightest jewel — and trans- 
mitted to successive classes until it reached the distinguished actors in the last great 
struggle, in which they conferred renown on the whole country. 

If Mr. Calhoun's doctrine of the right of mtllification and secession, announced long 
after his connection with Mr. Monroe's administration, contributed to produce the 
rebellion, which it tinquestiouably did, though he claimed that this was not his motive, 
he had also provided a remedy in elevating West Point into great efficiency. In one of 
his early reports as Secretary of War he said : 

"It ought never to be forgotten that niilitorj' science in the present condition of 
the world cannot be neglected with impunity. It has become so complicated and 
extensive as to require for its acquisition extensive means and much time to be exclu- 
sively devoted to it. It can only flourish under the jiatronage of the Government, and 
without such patronage it must be almost Mholly neglected. A comparatively small 
sum expended in time of peace to foster and extend the knowledge of military science, 
will, in the event of war, be highly beneficial to the country, and may be the means of 
its safety. " 

The Chief Engineer in 1822 reported " that the Military Academy may be considered 
as having been in its infancy until aboi;t the beginning of 1818, prior to which time 
there was but little system or regularity ;" and he adcled, that a large portion of the 
students "have been under the necessity of leaving the Academy without completing 

13 



their edncation." The siippoi-t given to the institiitiou by Mr. Calhoun, aucl the pow- 
erful efforts of Major Thayer, enabled Mr. Calhoun to speak of the institution iu 
December, 1823, as "not iufenor io any sUnUar institution in any country." 

The Southern tendencies of Mr. Calhoun were indicated even at this early day by a 
recommendation to establish another institution of like character iu the .Sviutheru 
States ; but it is fortunate that the recommendation was not adopted, as both would 
have been more or less sectional, whereas tlie important fact that a large number of 
those educated at West Point from the Southern States remained true to the Union- 
General George H. Thcmias is the most signal instance— proves that the iutluence of the 
institution was not as unfortunate as has been often alleged. 

A curious examiner into the law of compensation will find in the far-seeing circum- 
spection and sagacity of Mr. Calhoun as Secretary of "War, and in the policy of nullifi- 
cation and secession to which he was subsequently committed — the good a partial 
remedy for the evil — much to interest him in weigliing and comparing these different 
measures. Certain it is that it required the exercise of forethought and diligence at 
this earl}' period to prepare for a war that happened only about thirty-six years after 
Mr. Monroe's administration had ceased. The term of Mr. Adams, which succeeded, 
was not favorable for such improvonipnt, as supplies were rigidly withheld and party 
spirit ran high. Nor was the term of General Jackson favorable for that purpose, as he. 
was an improvised soldier, not especially friendly io West Point, and there were other 
subjects to engage the attention of his Cabinet, arising from the violence of party action 
during his whole term. 

Retieetion will perhaps show us that the organization of West Point, on a basis such 
as would ennoble the country to conduct war M'ith the highest skill, could have taken 
place at no period with such advantage ns during the administration of President 
Monroe, and it is to be regretted that C^cneral OuUum, in a work so valuable and likely 
to be so enduring, shoujd have omitted, in his able pref;ice, to trace to their true cause, 
so far as external management is concerned, the good resirlts in skill and science, and. 
what is equally important, iu honor and patriotism, among the officers of West Point 
which the war developed, and which have rendered that institixtion hereafter safe. 

It needed a concurrence in both the excellence of the instruction imparted and Ih:; 
peculiar relatioii of the students to render the efTficiency of the institution completi'. 
The cadets instead of paying are i:)aid, and are the subjects of military rule. While i i 
our colleges there is some yielding on the part of their professors to pecuniary interests, 
such interests as between professors and cadets in no manner interfere M'ith the eflforn 
made at West Point to render military education complete, and to impress upon it a 
character of nationality. 



From the Xeio York Evening Post. 
The Cost and Peofit of West Point. 

General Cullum's Biographical Register of West Point, of which we spoke a few days 
ago, has some interesting particulars of the services which the West Point Academy 
has done the country. 

The establishment of a military school was one of the hobbies of General Washing- 
ton. During the war for independence he had learned the practical importance of 
thorough military education. Congress, in that struggle, was compelled to ask Louis 
XVI. for engineers ; and General Charles Lee said, with his habitual sneer, that there 
was not an officer in the Continental army who knew "the difference betwixt a chcval- 
de-frise and a cabbage garden." Every one recognizes the greatness of our debt to 
Steuben, Kosciusko, and others, who gave us the benefit of their study and training in 
the European wars. Some of our own officers were, perhaps, a little jealous of their 
more accomplished comrades of foreigh birth, but Washington did not share the feel- 
ing ; in his last annual message to Congress he forcibly reiterated his conviction that 
the covmtry should train up a class of such officers taken from among our own youth : 
'•Whatever arguments may be drawn from particular examples, superficially viewed, a 
thorough examination of the subject will evince that the art of war is both compre- 
hensive and complicated ; that it demands much previous study, and that the posses- 
sion of it in its most improved and perfect state, is always of great moment to the 
security of a nation. This, therefore ought to be a serious care of every government, 
and for this purpose an academy, where a regular course of instruction is given, is an 
obvious experiment which different nations have successfully employed." 

The bill for the erection of a Military Academy of the United States, was reported to 
the House of Picpresentatives, March 19, 1800, by Mr. Harrison G. Otis, of Massachu- 
setts ; Mr. Nathaniel Macon, of North Carolina, moved that the bill be rejected ; the 
motion was lost ; but a few days later, Mr. Joseph Egglestou, of Virginia, procured the 

14 



postponement of tlie bill by a vote of sixty-four to twenty-'three. It was not until 1802 
that the measure became ii law. 

The Academy, however, hatl only the cold shoulder of the admiuistratiou which in 
the' mean time had come into power, and its early yeai-s were not verj* prosperous. The 
result of this policy was, that when the second war with England broke out, there were 
bnt sixty-five West Point men in the service. In the course of that war the record of 
the tirst two j'eara shows in the army Uttle but bad generalshii), blunders, and defeats. 
Americans, however, learn war rapidly in the field, and the last campaigns were mor3 
ci'editable to our arms. In these campaigns West Point men took a conspicuous part. 
Of those in active service, one sixth were killed, one twelfth were wotinded, and one- 
tifth of those who survived received one or more brevets for gallantry and meritoriotis 
conduct. 

During the thirtj"^ years which followed the close of this war, the officers of the 
regular arm}' were employed in fighting the Indians, a training which, although useful, 
was yet very incomplete. At the breaking out of the war with Mexico, five hundred 
graduates of the Academy were in the service, and many others re-entered it from the 
occupations of civil life. In this war the utility of military education was strikinglj' 
proved. In less than a j-ear and a half our small army in Mexico won thirty battles, 
took forty thousand prisoners, a thousand cannon, besides an immense amount of 
small arms and munitions of war, ten fortified places, and the capital of the enemy, 
and acquired tenitorj- for the country which now yields every j'ear a revenue ecpial to 
three times the whole cost of the contest. General Scott, himself not a West Point 
graduate, thus summed up the le.ssous of this war : "I give it as my fixed opinion that, 
but for our graduated cadets, the war between the United States and Mexico might, 
and probably would, have lasted some four or five years, within its first half more de- 
feat than victories falling to our share." 

These two brilliant campaigns gave an extravagant fame to the Militaij' Academy, 
which at the breaking out of the rebellion, worked to its injury. The people expected 
impossibilities of it. In General Cullum's words, "the youthful graduates, who per- 
haps had never commanded a larger force than a company, or a battalion, were expected 
at once to lead vast armies of undisciplined troops through unknown morasses and 
tangled wildernesses to assured victory." It was inevitable that the popular expecta- 
tion should be disappointed, and that West Point should thereupon be as extravagantly 
decried as it had been extravagantly lauded. In this reaction of pubhc feeling, the fact 
that the rebel armies were led by West Point men was argued with pertinacity as an 
additional argument against the usefulness of the Academy. 

But as the war went on West Point men steadily replaced the officers appointed from 
ci\-il life in the higher commands. Men who before had hard experience only in 
petty war, learned with wonderful facility to practise grand strategy, and successfully 
conduct campaigns of unparalleled diflicvtltj' and importance. Grant and Sherman 
reached their j^roper places. The annals of the last years of the war justify General 
Cullum's boast that the "cost of educating the whole of the seceding graduates was 
not more than was saved by the military knowledge of loyal graduates on every day of 
the rebellion. ' 

The West Point Academy has given the country between two and three thou'and edu- 
cated officers ; has procured for our army a world-wide reputation ; and, at the brea;:- 
ing out of the rebellion, it kept nearly one half its Southern graduates loyal to their 
coimtry ; yet it has never received, in any single year, an appropriation larger than is 
required to maintain a squadron of cavalry ; and has not cost the country, from 1802 
to the present time, a greater sum than was spent in any shvjle week of the last years of 
the rebellion. 



From the New York Times. 

We know of no single contribution to the military histoiy of the nation so rich in 
invaluable data and so essential to the futitre histoiian or student of American history 
as the volumes with the above title. The author, a distinguished officer of the Engi- 
neers, and lately Superintendent of the Academj', is himself an cleceoithe " Cheri.shed 
AJnia 3Iater," with which he has been many years immediately connected as "lu- 
Rtnictor of Practical Engineering," and more recently as its Stiijerinlendent. Devoted 
to his corps, to the Academy, and to the honor of the service to which the Military 
Academy is so important an adjunct ; admirably qualified by study of the exact sciences 
and of the best ancient and modern histories, and b}- natural and mental endowments 
for labors of profound research and patient investigation, the graduates of the Ae.ulemj' 
are indeed fortunate in their military biographer. Porno institution in the world does 
there exist so full and complete a record of its officers, teachers, and graduates, as wo 
now have for the United States Military Academy. 

15 



The execution of this lask has beeu by no means an official duty, but was uudeiiakeu 
ratlicr in payment of a debt of gratitude to the author's ^l/airt J/ato", which had bestowed 
upon him a vaUxable education and habits of usefuhiess. 

It was. we beheve, as kmg back as the year 1S4S, that the then Superintendent of the 
Jlilitary Academy, Capt. (now Brevet Biig. -General) Henry Brewertou, believing that 
a period had arrived when some formal and complete record of the services of the 
numerous graduates which the institution had matriculated during the many years of 
its existence, would be not only a convincing evidence of its usefulness, but a most 
valuable book of reference, adopted the idea of a M'ork which should be not only a 
"Register " of the names and dates of appointment and graduation of all the graduates, 
but a brief record of their promotions in the army or of their occupations in civil life 
after graduation. The author was then Instructor of Practical Engineering at the 
Academy. The task was first assigned to other hands, but it soon became evident that 
it was an undertaking to execute which, thoroughly and fittingly, but few possessed the 
requisite qualifications or habits of mind, and almost natixrally, we may say, it soon 
devolved upon him. "The Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States 
Military Academy," from 1802 to 1850, was thus the germ of the present important work, 
and, valuable as it was, yet, as compared with the book before us, it is as the acorn to 
the fully developed oak. 

These remarks we deem appropriate, that the reader may fully understand that these 
volumes are not hasty gatherings together of such notes as could be speedily laid 
hands on, but an ordinary life's labor of an author peculiarly qualified for his task. 

That it was a herculean one may be judged from the author's own account of it in 
his preface. .......... 

That by such an amount of patient labor alone could such a task be fittinglj' accom- 
plished, is evident from the statement, by tlie author, of its character and scope. . . 

We have devoted so much space to setting forth the origin and character of the work 
that we can spare little to treating of the actual contents ; the resum6 we have just made 
will leave, however, no room for doubt, we think, as to its invaluable characteristics. No- 
where else can such an epitome of materials for our country's military history be 
found ; none who would be familiar with that history should be without it, and certainly 
no one who has a relative or dear friend a graduate of the Military Academy, or who 
has been much associated with men and things connected with our military service, 
can well dispense with these volumes. 

We cannot close this notice without calling attention to the author's triumphant vin- 
dication of the graduates and of the Academy from the charge of ' ' disloyalty. " Here 
by accurate numerical comparisons he proves that 

' ' The statistics show that the West Point part of the army has been by far the most loyal 
branch of the public service ; that nearly four fifths of its graduate officers remained 
faithful ; that one half of those from the South stood fii-m by the ' Stars and Stripes ;' 
and, in the battles for the Union, that oire fifth of those engaged laid down their lives, 
more than one third, and probably one half, were wounded, and the survivors can 
point with manly pride to their services, here recorded, for the preservation of the 
nation. 

"Can Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Union, Princeton, or any other college in the land 
show a higher record of patriotism and sacrifice? Assuredly not, for their Southern 
graduates espoused the rebel cause almost en masse. Should then these noble semi- 
naries of learning be aspersed as nurseries of treason because they did not retain all 
their f.lcves in the Union fold ?" 

After showing how important an element to military success in war. and to the organi- 
zation and management of the great bodies of troops suddenly called together to subdue 
the Rebellion, were the graduates of the Academy, and the military knowledge which 
the Academy has been the means of disseminating through all classes, the author 
exclaims : 

" How insignificant is the expense of this gi-eat establishment, which has had an 
existence of two thirds of a century, at a total cost during that long period of useful- 
ness not exceeding the nation's outlay for carrying on war during a suvjle -week of the 
closing years of the Rebellion ! And since 1802, when it was created, the average 
annual appropriations have not been more than those for the maintenance of a squad- 
ron of cavalry. " 

In another place he affirms that the integrity of its graduates is proved by the fact 
that bat tw) per cent, of the entire number have been cashiered or dismissed from the 
army, and nearly all of these for dissipation, and purely military oftences. 

We have said enough, we think, to give a comprehensive idea of the value of such a 
work, and of the thoroughness with which it has been executed. 

16 



a/^^^^c^ 



^/y 



BIOGIUPHICAL KEGISTER 



(Officers anil (!3r:iliuatcs 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY 



WEST POmT, N. Y. 



FEOII ITS 

ESTABLISHAIENT. MARCH 16, 1803 

TO THE 

ARMY RE-ORGANIZATION OF 1866-67. 

BT 

BVT. MAJOR-GENEEAL GEOBGE W.jCULLUM, 

COLONEL, CORPS OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 

SECOND EDITION. 



VOL. 1. 



NEW YOKK: 
D. VAN NOSTRAND, 192 BROADWAY, 

1868. 



Ekitered according to Act of Congress, in ttie year 1868, by 

GEORGE W. CULLUM, 

In the Clerk's ofSce of the District Court for the Southern District of New York. 



Bi'sssLL I3B0S., Filiiterf, cor. Ceutic i lieaiie Ste., K. T. 



TO MT 

BROTHER GRADUATES 

OF THE 

U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY 

fi l&espcctfuUo Betiicate 

THIS RECORD 
OF THEIB 

PAST SE RVICES, 

AS A 

FUTURE STIMULUS 

TO STILL HIGHER 

||lilit,ui| ^cljicbfmenls anb (Jibil Usefulness 

IN THE SKRVICB OP THE 
NATION, 

WHICH HAS ESTABLISHED FOB 

TWEIR EDUCATION 

A CUfDUSllKD 

ALMA MATER, 

MANY OF WHOSE 

DISTINGUISHED SONS 

HAVE WORTHILT WBITTEN 

THEIB NAMES 

Cs TUKIK 

COUNTRY'S HISTORY. 



PREFACE. 



After many years of persevering toil I present to my brother 
Graduates of the Military Academy this Record of their services, 
honorable to themselves, giving world-i-enown to their Alma 
Mater, and claiming for their country a place in the first rank 
of military nations. Every source of information, official and 
private, has been exhausted to make this work accurate and 
complete. Archives have been ransacked, tons of manuscripts 
examined, letters by thousands written, and interrogatories 
almost countless put wherever a hope of gleaning any infor- 
mation at all reliable existed. Doubtless many errors will be 
found, but in a work of this magnitude and character, where 
positive data are often unattainable, mistakes are unavoidable; 
but with free access to the records of the War Department and 
Military Academy, a voluminous correspondence with graduates 
and their friends, and a personal acquaintance of more than thirty 
years with the movements and operations of the Army, I have 
by untiring industry, collected and condensed in these volumes 
as faithful summaries of the services of the eleves of the Military 
Academy, as I believe any single individual could accomplish. To 
avoid errors as far as practicable, the etat de service of each living 
loyal graduate was submitted to him for correction before being 
incorporated in this work. A large majority promptly responded, 
but I regret that many replied too late to change their records 
before being sent to the printer. 

The History of the Military Academy is too large a subject to 
be compressed within the preface to these volumes; but I cannot 
forbear dwelling a little upon the value of this noble institution 
to the country, and the cheap defense secured to the nation 
through the admirable instruction there given. 

The Father of his Country, in his last annual message to Con- 
gress, says: " Whatever arguments may be drawn from particular 
examples, superficially viewed, a thorough examination of the 



VI PREFACE. 

subject will evince that the Art of War is both comprehensive 
and complicated: that it demands much previous study, and that 
the possession of it, in its most improved and perfect state, is 
always of great moment to the security of a nation." 

In elementary tactics, or the organizing and changing of troops 
of any arm from one formation to another, as from line into 
column or square, oflicers of ordinary capacity can make them- 
selves proficient in a very few months; but a general must know 
much more than this before he is capable of selecting a proper 
base and line of operations, of directing suitable formations on 
the field of battle, or manoeuvring his army to succesfully reach 
a chosen objective point. " Ghaque soldat Franpais porle, dans sa 
giberne, son baton de marechal de France,''^ was a true saying, pro- 
vided the soldier carried in his head, at the same time, the qualifi- 
cations for a marshal: hence nearly all of Napoleon's greatest 
generals, to whom he entrusted the command of armies, were 
either educated in military schools or had large experience in 
the wars of the French Revolution. Marshals like Ney and 
Macdonald, so terrible on the battle-field when directed by the 
master-genius of the educated Emperor, were sorry failures in 
strategic combinations when left to their own devices, as 
Dennewitz and the Katsbach bear witness. 

In our days, we no longer believe in what Chatham called 
" heaven-born generals." It is agreed that modern warfare is the 
offspring of science and civilization ; that it has its rules and its 
principles, which it is necessary to thoroughly master before 
being worthy to command ; and that it is wiser to pi'ofit by the 
lessons of history than to purchase experience by the blood of 
battle-fields. The brief span of a single life avails little in work- 
ing out the great problems of science ; but education supplies 
the piled-up aggregates of human knowledge. From the days of 
early Greece, which excelled in all the arts, military education has 
been deemed indispensable for great success in arms. It is mind, 
disciplined and instructed, which leads armies and builds up em- 
pires ; mind, not stultified with pedantry, but developed by 
thought and inward will, conferring the power of discerning, 
analyzing, and combining means essential to an end. This 
culture of the soldier is to be acquired, not alone in military 
academies, but in that greater school, the camp and battle-field. 
To form the accomplished commander, the practice of campaigns 
must be the sequence of the lessons taught by the masters of the 
art. " The knowledge of grand tactics," says Napoleon, " is ac- 
quired only by experience and by the study of the history of the 



PREFACE. VU 

campaig-ns of all tlie j^reat captains. Gustavus Adolphus, Tu- 
lenue, Frederick, like Alexander, Hannibal, and Caesar, have all 
acted on the same principles, of holding their forces united, being 
nowhere vulnerable, and throwing their masses upon important 
points : such are the principles which assure victory. Read 
again and again the campaigns of Alexander, Hannibal, Cassar, 
Gustavus, Turenne, Eugene, and of Frederick. Make them your 
models. This is the only way of becoming a great captain and 
mastering the secrets of the art of war. Your genius, enlight- 
ened by this study, will induce you to reject all maxims in con- 
flict with those of these great commanders." 

Genius to conceive great projects and devise extraordinary 
means for their accomplishment is the first requisite of a great 
general ; but, besides this creative power, he must have knowl- 
edge and experience, which are the implements with which he 
works. Some eminent commanders, it is true, have had genius 
without great learning ; but the foremost men of the world — 
Alexander, Cassar, and Napoleon — were distinguished, not only 
as practical generals but as learned scholars. Tlie first was in- 
structed by Aristotle in all branches of Grecian lore, modelled 
himself upon the heroes of Homer, and was an annotator of the 
Iliad ; the second was a great classical author, the master of 
Roman art, and the rival of Cicero in eloquence ; and the third 
would have been famous as a philosopher had he not been an em- 
peror. " Do you think," said Napoleon, " if I had not been gen- 
eral-in-chief, and the instrument of fate to a mighty nation, that 
I would have accepted place and dependence ? No ! I would 
have thrown myself into the study of the exact sciences. My 
path would have been that of Galileo and Newton ; and, since I 
have always succeeded in my great enterprises, 1 should have 
highly distinguished myself also in my scientific labors. I should 
have left the memory of magnificent discoveries." 

But, besides genius and knowledge, the habitude of enlarged 
command, which is the education of the field, is indispensable to 
make the great captain ; to know how to organize and form the 
character of an nrmy, as well as to lead it when formed. It was 
not intellectual superiority alone, but that confidence inspired by 
discipline, which enabled Miltiades, with his ten thousand Greeks, 
to stem the avalanche of Persia on the plains of Marathon. It 
was not numbers and muscle that conquered Asia, but Alexan- 
der, young in years, but old in the experience of camps, with 
Philip's veteran phalanxes, led by such skilled commanders as 
Parmenio, Antipater, Attalus, and other captains educated in war. 



VIU PEEFACE. 

Hannibal was no blind Sumson, removing Alpine barriers in order 
to inundate the plains of Italy with his Carthaginian hosts, but 
the learned pupil of Hamilcar, leading the war-trained bands of 
Carthalo, Hanno, Mutines, and Maharbal, well practised in the 
school of victory in Spain. Scipio, though without veteran le- 
gions, had seen the battles of Ticinus, Trebbia, and Cannie, and 
probabl}'' had served under Pabius and Marcellus ; but not till he 
had won that double victory over the armies of Syphax and As- 
diubal was he — the educated commander — able to cope with the 
great Punic warrior on the plains of Zama. Caesar was a stu- 
dent from his cradle ; and, though " in him was a thousand Afa- 
riuses," it was not till he had learned the art of war in Spain and 
Gaul, against barbarians, that he could conquer his distinguished 
rival at Pharsalia. 

Knowledge and experience have been equally the elements of 
success with modern generals. Turenne, carefully educated, and 
studying war under his distinguished uncle, Maurice, required 
a dozen campaigns to grow from the youthful commander in 
Lorraine to the consummate strategist, manoeuvring against 
Montecuculi. Gustavus, educated for the throne, and the heir of 
war with his powerful rivals of Poland and Russia, won his 
great victory of Leipsic by the enthusiasm inspired by his heroic 
leadership, no less than by the stern discipline of his troops. 
Conde, though rapidly passing from the school to the camp, and 
from the camp to victory, was, after the rough lessons of Merci, 
John de Wert and Turenne, thrice the general when vanquished 
at Senef, in his later career, than as the stripling victor of 
Rocroy. Prince Eugene, preferring Xenophon and Polybius to 
his breviary, deserted the Church for the camp; but with all his 
passion for war and numerous campaigns, he was not the finished 
commander till the siege of Lille and the day of Malplaquet. 
Marlborough had little book-lore; but from the age of sixteen he 
studied war in the field, and was a pupil of the great Turenne, 
though that education required many successive campaigns to 
change the Churchill of Sedgemoor into the Marlborough of 
Blenheim. Practice supplied his scholastic deficiencies equally 
as soldier or statesman. Frederick the Great, the heir to a mili- 
tary throne, was thoroughly educated for a soldier; but it re- 
quired the mortification of Mollwitz and the teachings of his 
faithful Schwerin to fit him to lead his Potsdam grenadiers through 
that wonderful career of seven years of glory. Wellington was 
educated at the military school of Angiers, in France; but it was 
in applying the principles of war, there taught, to his India cam- 



PREFACE. IX 

paigns, that he learned the path to success in Spain and to win 
the laurelled crown of Waterloo. Napoleon, the meteor that has 
so dazzled the world, received the best military education in 
France; and, though his first campaigns are the most extraor- 
dinary on the page of history, it must be remembered that he 
had had the previous experience of the siege of Toulon and two 
3'ears' service with the Army of the Alps. But, brilliant as were 
Castiglione, Areola, and Rivoli, how much were they eclipsed by 
the after-glories of Austerlitz, Jena, Wagram, Borodino, and the 
immortal campaign of 18141 

We could go on citing examples to the same effect till we had 
exhausted nearly the whole catalogue of distinguished com- 
manders of ancient and modern times; but the prominent generals 
we have named will suffice to show that, to a natural aptitude for 
war, soldiers, as in all professions and crafts, must be educated 
to their vocation; and, to rise to the high level of a finished cap- 
tain, much practice and the habitude of command are essential. 

Unfortunately, the lessons, taught on almost every page of the 
history of war have been too often lost upon our country; and 
the accumulated evidence of four great wars, in which this nation 
has been involved, does not seem to have changed the course of 
our rulers 

During the Revolution, having but few educated officers, we 
were very frequently dependent upon European soldiers of fortune, 
who were eagerly employed with high rank and extravagant 
pay. To Steuben, the disciple of the great Frederick, the 
Continental Army was mainly indebted for its discipline. Con- 
gress, thi'ough Dr. Franklin and Mr Deane, was compelled to ask 
Louis XVI for engineers; '"for," said General Charles Lee, "we 
had not an officer in the army who knew the difference betwixt a 
chevaux defrise and a cabbage-garden." Though victory perched 
upon our standards in the beginning of the contest at Bemis' 
Heights, and we had the educated patriot soldier Schuyler to 
prepare our army for the struggle, Kosciuszko, the accomplished 
engineer, to plan our defenses, the impetuous and reckless daring 
of an Ai-nold to lead the assault, and the unerring aim of 
Morgan's riflemen to deprive the enemy of its ablest commander 
(Fraser), yet were we far from possessing the instruction neces- 
sary for successful war. In the school of adversity, and with the 
blood of thousands, Washington, though opposed to feeble gene- 
rals and small numbers, had to learn more difficult lessons than 
those first taught him at Braddock's defeat. 

Washington fully appreciated the saying " that an army of 



S PEEFACE. 

asses led by a lion is vastly superior to an army of lions led by 
an ass:" hence his solicitude, to the day of his death, to see 
established a national school for the education of officers. With 
good generals, he knew an efifective army might be created out 
of the most unpromising materials; of which we have the best 
proof in the examples of Portuguese and Hindoos under British, 
and Italians under French commanders. 

Through his efforts and those of tlie patriot statesmen of the 
Revolution, our Military Academy was established in 1802; but 
it led a languishing life, and, though war was impending, it may 
be said to have almost ceased to have an existence, under 
Dr. Eustis' feeble administration of the War Department. At the 
commencement of hostilities with Great Britain, there were but 
sixty-five graduates of the Military Academy in service, and our 
few regulars had scarce ever seen a battle-field. Again our 
armies had to meet the foe with few educated officers and but 
little experience in war: hence the years 1812 and 1813, except- 
ing the sea-fights, were almost always annals of American 
defeats. The glorious souvenirs of Bunker Hill, Saratoga, and 
King's Mountain were obscured by the pusillanimous surrenders 
at Detroit and Niagara, the barbarous massacres at Hampton 
and the river Raisin, and the disgraceful failures at Chrysler's 
Field and La Cole Mill. During the brief and brilliant campaigns 
of 1814 and 1815, when our education in war was anew pur- 
chased upon unsuccessful fields of blood, the full tide of triumph 
flowed on almost uninterruptedly, and the "Second War of Inde- 
pendence" closed in a blaze of victory. In these last achieve- 
ments the youthful sons of the Military Academy nobly performed 
their part. Of those serving in the field, one sixth laid down 
their lives in the struggle, one fourth were killed or wounded, 
and one fifth of those who survived received one or two brevets 
each for their distinguished gallantry in that war. 

Thirty years of lucrative peace followed before our next contest, 
but the nation had somewhat profited by its past shortcomings. 
The Military Academy, on the breaking out of the Mexican war, 
had over five hundred highly-educated graduates in service, and 
nearly as many more in civil life, i-eady to resume their swords 
in their country's defense. Our regular arm^'^, mostly officered 
by them, had acquired experience in fighting savages on our ex- 
tended frontier, and had learned discipline in the swamps of 
Florida. Our brave volunteers, with high aptitude to form the 
best of soldiers, wisely sought the el^ves of our national school, 
and tendered to them the command of their regiments and bat- 



PREFACE. XI 

talions. The material of battle had been prepared by skilful 
hands, and educated minds directed the complicate machinery of 
war. The consequence of this fortuitous condition of things, de- 
spite political machinations, is too well known to require to be 
detailed here. Suflice it to say that, in comparing this with the 
preceding war, the fruits of military education are most appa- 
rent. In Canada, during two and a half years, ivith much 
larger forces than, the enemy, our defeats outnumbered our victories ; 
our gains in prisoners of war were less than our losses ; our 
trophies were few ; and our conquests scarce extended beyond 
the camps we occupied. In the Mexican war, our small, but he- 
roic army, in less than a year and a half, though opposed to the 
quadruple force of the enemy, won thirty victories, captured 
forty thousand soldiers, took a thousand cannon and an immense 
amount of small arms and munitions of war, carried ten fortified 
places and the capital of the enemy, and extended our conquests 
over the immense territory of Mexico and California. The gain 
of that war, to say nothing of national reputation, now annually 
pays more than thrice the total cost of the contest. 

The emulator of Cortez, the veteran Scott, -^one of the most 
experienced soldiers this nation has produced, and the consum- 
mate leader of our armies in Mexico, — says, in a letter to the 
commission appointed under the act of June 21, 1860, to examine 
into the organization, system of discipline, and course of instruc- 
tion of the Military Academy : " I give it as my fixed opinion 
that, but for our graduated cadets, the war between the United 
States and Mexico might, and probably would, have lasted some 
four or five years, with, in its first half, more defeats than victories 
falling to our share ; whereas, in less than two carapaig'ns, we 
conquered a great country and a peace, without the loss of a 
single battle or skirmish." 

The great results of the Mexican war gave the Military 
Academy an immense reputation, and its popularity continued 
till the first outbreak of the late Rebellion, which at once 
assumed proportions entirely incommensurate with any of our 
past notions or experience in war; yet the youthful graduates 
of the institution, who perhaps had never commanded a larger 
force than a company or battalion, were expected at once to 
lead vast armies of undisciplined troops through unknown 
morasses and tangled wildernesses to assured victory. Though 
they quickly learned to apply the sound precepts taught at 
the Military Academy, yet at the beginning of the war it was 
hardly reasonable to expect them to successfully manoeuvre 



•m PKEFACE. 

colossal armies in an unexplored country, and in the presence 
of a brave and active enemy, who thoroug-lily knew the topog- 
raphy of every battle-field and theatre of campaig-n. Under these 
circumstances, successful leadership required larg-e experience, as 
'well as knowledge and genius, such as had been exhibited by 
scarce a score of generals since the earliest period of authentic 
history; for, leaving out Asiatic conquerors with their fabulous 
liosts, which could neither be fed nor moved in campaign, it 
may safely be asserted that not twenty generals, prior to the 
time of the Southern rebellion, had ever commanded, in a single 
battle-field, an army of one hundred thousand men. 

These early failures disappointed the cherished hopes of the 
nation, and foreign adventurers and greedy demagogues, who 
were aspirants for high appointments in the service, seized the 
occasion with avidity to make the Academy a target fur tvery 
kind of vituperation, particularly the unjust charge of the dis- 
loyalty of its graduates. It is, unfortunately, true that many for- 
got the flag under which they were educated, to follow false gods. 
But who were the leaders of this treason but the honored and 
trusted in the land, filling, or who had filled, the highest places in 
the government: Senators, Representatives, members of the Cabi- 
net, foreign Ministers, Judges of United States Courts, and even 
those who had been elected by the people to fill the highest offices 
in their gift ? Was it, then, a greater crime for graduates of our 
national Academy to forsake their country than for the highest 
officials in every branch of the government, executive, legisla- 
tive, and judicial, who, from the seceding States, almost to a man, 
joined the rebel standard ? 

But let us examine this rebellion record a little more closely. 
In the executive department, four Presidents were living when 
Secession began. Of these, the only Southerner joined the 
rebel§; another did the country more harm than an avowed ene- 
my : while the others certainly were not over demonstrative in 
their efforts to preserve the Union. Belonging to the bench of 
the Supreme Court there were four Southern judges, of whom 
two remained loyal, one was strongly sympathetic with the 
South, and one joined the rebels. The Southern judges of the 
United States District Courts sided with their own people. Of the 
Senators in Congress from the seceding States but one, and of 
the House of Representatives but three remained loyal. Nearly 
all the agents of the State, Treasury, Interior, and Post-office De- 
partments, residing in, or from the seceding States, espoused the 
rebel cause. Over one fourth of the officers of the Navy on the 



PREFACE. XUi 

active list resigned or were dismissed in 1860-61, nearly all ut 
whom, being Southerners, probably joined in the Rebellion, Of 
those appointed in the Army from civil life nearly one half, while 
but a little over one fifth of the West Point oflBcers, left the ser- 
vice and joined in the rebellion. 

With these pregnant facts before us, we would ask : was it a 
greater wrong in an humble graduate to forget the nation's foster- 
ing care in training him for four years at the Military Academy, 
than for a President to renounce his allegiance to the country 
which for four years had encircled his brow with the republic's 
crown ? Was it more disreputable to forsake the flag beneath which 
the graduate had been reared, than to stain the revered and vener- 
able ermine of the Supreme Bench with the Upas of Secession? Were 
the makers of the laws — Southern Senators and Representatives — 
who trampled the Constitution under foot, less guilty than grad- 
uates, for violating their vows ? Strange to say, though so many 
of these highest oflScials of the land rebelled against the Union, 
we rarely hear Congress, the Supreme Court, the executive, and 
other departments of the government, stigmatized as nurseries 
of treason, while the Military Academy has been the butt 
against which every opprobrious epithet has been hurled by 
unscrupulous demagogues, as false to the flag and ungrateful 
to the nation, notwithstanding the statistics show that the 
West Point part of the army has been by far the most loyal 
branch of the public service ; that nearly four fifths of its 
graduate officers remained faithful ; that one half of those from 
the South stood firm by the stars and stripes; and, in the battles 
for the Union, that one fifth of those engaged laid down their 
lives, more than one third, and probably one half, were wounded, 
and the survivors can point with manly pride to their services, 
here recorded, for the preservation of the nation. 

Can Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Union, Princeton or any other 
college in the land show a higher record of patriotism and sacri- 
fice ? Assuredly not: for their Southern graduates espoused the 
rebel cause almost en masse. Should, then, these noble seminaries 
of learning be aspersed as nurseries of treason because they did 
not retain all their eleves in the Union fold ? And is it just to 
launch anathemas at the Military Academy which saved by the 
antidote of its loyal teachings one half of its southern pupils, 
•.vho, from infancy to early manhood, before they enfered this 
uur truly national institution, had imbibed the poison of secession, 
till the virus had permeated every fibre of their hearts and brains ? 

NoTK. — See R ^bellion Record of Graduates on page 8. 



SIV PEEFACE. 

That noble band of one hundred and sixty-two southern grad- 
uates, cradled and reared in state alleg-iance, but rescued from 
treason by West Point influences, bravelj' battled against rebel- 
lion, and no less firmly against every appeal of relative and 
friend to swerve them from loyally and duty. These, with all 
Northern officers (save sixteen who dishonored their Alma Mater) 
and one hundred and fiftci n graduates from civil life who re- 
joined the military service, fought the good fight for the 
Union, though their merits were often overlooked to give place 
to those who had not learned, as Napoleon calls it, "le metier des 
amies." 

Much unreasonable clamor has been echoed throughout the 
length and breadth of the land of the enormity of graduates 
joining in the Rebellion because they were educated at the pub- 
lic expense. True the government gave them the best scientific 
military education, at a cost for each of from two to three thou- 
sand dollars. But, it may be asked, was this out of pure love 
fur the individual cadets and as a charitable bounty to promising 
young men, or did the republic, requiring the best officers for its 
small standing army, act upon the principle of all communities, 
that it was more profitable to employ educated talent to execute 
her high trusts than to procure cheap ignorance, to be heavily 
discounted in disaster and disgrace on the first shock of arms ? 
It is not for the benefit of the Military Academy but for the 
nation's self that she supports and fosters that noble seminary 
of science and military art, which has already a thousand times 
repaid its cost in the success of our arms, in the difi'usion of 
special knowledge, in the execution of great public works, and 
in the proverbial integrity of its graduates. Tho whole annual 
cost of the institution would not equal the losses through igno- 
rance by a single blunder in ordnance or engineering construc- 
tion, or the profits by knavery on a few corrupt contracts; and 
the compensation for the educated talent of the graduates of the 
Academy, if obtained from civil life, would exceed the pay of offi- 
cers of the army by an amount far greater than the entire expenses 
of that institution: hence it is supported not only to secure effici- 
ency but as a measure of economy. It might as well be argued that 
the nation pays high salaries to its Presidents, Judges, and Le- 
gislators as gratuities, and not for their services to the republic, 
as that the Military Academy is a charity school for the benefit 
of its eleves. The nation maintains the Military Academy exclu- 
sively for its own, and not for the graduated interest, and the 
entire cost of educating the whole of the seceding graduates in 



PREFACE. XV 

money was not move than was saved by the military knowledge 
of its loyal graduates on emry day of the rebellion, and the saving 
to the reputation of our arras was wholly incommensurate with 
any price paid for the maintenance of that nursery of soldiers. 

But how insignificant is the expense of this great establish- 
ment which has had an existence of two thirds of a century, at a 
total cost during that long period of usefulness not exceeding 
the nation's outlay for carrying on war during a single week of 
the closing years of the Rebellion ! and since 1802, when it was 
created, the average annual appropriations have not been more 
than those for the maintenance of a squadron of cavalry. Yet 
for this pittance in the yearly budget, this admirable institution 
has supplied the nation with over 2 200 accomplished officers, 
of which any army might well be proud; has filled every arm of 
the service with talent, efficiency and integrity; has materially 
aided in successfully conducting three great wars, extending our 
national domain, and preserving the Union; has perpetually 
pushed the wild savage from our borders, and been the pioneer 
of advancing civilization; has constructed and armed our fortifi- 
cations, improved our harbors, lakes and rivers, defined our 
boundaries, surveyed and lighted our coasts, and explored the 
length and breadth of our land; has given to our militia and 
volunteers large numbers of valuable officers, and to our colleges 
able presidents and professors; has furnished distinguislied civil 
engineers, who have bound our territory together with a net work 
of railways and canals; has supplied valuable city, state and 
government functionaries; has improved our workshops and the 
cultui-e of the soil; has added its mite to the counting-house, the 
bar and the pulpit; and, through the contributions and text-books 
of its graduates, has greatly elevated the scientific standard of 
most of the educational institutions throughout our country, and 
even extended its influence abroad. 

With such a catalogue of services of the eleves of the Military 
Academ}^; while the integrity of its graduates is proved by the 
fact that but about two per cent, of their entire number have 
been cashiered or dismissed from the army, and nearly all these 
for dissipation and purely military offences; and where there is 
so much excellence, matured for yearp by the thought and fos- 
tering care of so many wise and conscientious men who have 
shaped the Acad(»my's destinies — it is certainly due to the insti- 
tution, which has been tested in the crucible of peace and war, 
that our statesmen should frcl that the past is a guarantee of 
future usefulness; that its value should be enhanced by adding 



XXI PEEFACE. 

materially to the number of its graduates, now limited to about 
one annually to every million of our people; that untried projects 
of military education should be discarded as schemes like to re- 
turn to plague the inventors; and that this great national Academy 
is worthy of the country's confidence, and, as Napoleon said oi 
the Polytechnic School, is for the Army, "le poulet aux ceufs 
cVorJ' 

In advocating the importance of military education and setting 
forth the usefulness of our great National Academy, there is no 
design of arrogating for its graduates any exclusive excellence as 
leaders of our armies, nor of detracting from the merits of those 
who have not enjoyed the same advantages. All honor to our 
patriotic and gallant volunteers who, from the bar, the farm, the 
counting-house, the work-shop, and every sphere of life, rushed at 
the sound of the first hostile gun fired in the Rebellion to their 
country's defense I Their self-sacrifice in giving up lucrative 
positions and the comforts of home for the privations of camp, 
their intelligence in meeting the difficult requirements of their 
new vocations, their endurance through long marches and weary 
campaigns, their steadfastness in the darkest hours of disaster, 
their valor on the battle-field or in the deadly assault, their 
moderation when victory liad assured our success, and their 
return as peaceful citizens to a cordial submission to the laws of 
their preserved country, are worthy of all commendation. Doubt- 
less none more than they felt and appreciated the great value of 
military education and experience as essential adjuncts to a 
natural genius for war in forming the great captain. Those only 
who know nothing of the profession of arms — 

"Count wisdom as no member of the war, 
Fore-stall our prescience, and esteem no act 
But that of hand : the still and mental parts, 
That do contrive how manj' hands shall strike 
When fitness calls them on, and know, b}' measure 
Of their observant toil, the enemies' weight ; 
Why, this hath not a finger's dignity ; 
They call this bed-work-mapp'r^'-, closet war : 
So that the ram that batters down the wall, 
For the great swing and rudeness of its poise, 
They place before his hand that made the engine ; 
Or those that with the fineness of their souls 
By reason guide its execution." 



STA^TISTICS 



RELATING TO THE 



GRADUATES 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 



STATISTICS OF THE 





' 




WHKIVCE APPOi:VTEl> CADETS. 












CLAsa 


i 
s 
a 


1 

4 


3 
5 


s 

3 
S 
8 


B 

g 
1 


1 >»' 




8 

Q 


e 

K 

s 


a 

a 

8 





1 


i 
1 







B 
5 


»• 

2 

5 
<< 


3 


1 '^ 


a; 

'i 

IS 


1 2 

1 ^ 


1 


1 


1802.... 


































1 


1 
1 
1 




1 

r 






1803.... 




































1804 












































1805.... 










1 


































1306.... 


































1 








4 


1807.... 










1 
1 

1 

3 

4 


































1808 












1 






















3 
1 

1 
1 








1 


1809.... 






































1811.... 










... 


... 


1 
1 
















1 
1 


1 










1812.... 


























1813.... 
































1814 ... 










1 






6 
3 
2 
1 
1 
2 








1 












5 
5 










1815.... 












3 












4 










1817 ... 


















1 




1 
1 
1 


'i' 


1 




1818.... 










1 
1 




2 
1 








5 
3 
5 
2 


2 
4 
1 
4 
2 
4 
5 
2 
1 
4 
4 
5 
1 










1819 ... 
















1 












1820.... 
























1821.... 










1 
5 
3 








1 




1 


















1822 ... 


1 










'2 


1 

2 






1 

2 
2 
1 

4 

'2 
4 
2 
3 

1 
4 
4 
2 
1 
3 
3 














1823 ... 
























1 




1 
1 




1824.... 




















1 

*i' 
'i' 

i' 

"2' 
"i 
'i' 

'i' 


1 

i' 

i' 
2 
2 

1 
3 

'4* 

2 
1 

'2" 
3 
1 
1 
2 

'3 
2 


3 
3 

2 
2 
1 
2 
4 
3 
2 
1 
1 
2 
2 
4 
1 
1 

"i 
2 

'2' 

'3' 




1825.... 










1 










2 

1 










1826.... 












1 


1 

1 


1 




1 










1 


1827 ... 


1 

1 












1 








1828 








5 
3 










1 

i 


2 
1 
1 






1 


1 


1829 












1 
3 

"i' 
2 
1 
3 
1 
3 
1 
1 
2 




3 

1 
1 

'i' 
1 
3 








1830.... 












1 
1 

'i" 

'i' 

1 
2 








1 


1831 .. 






















1832 ... 


1 

2 








1 
2 
1 




1 


i" 

1 


•.•• 


2 

7 
1 
4 
1 
6 

'2" 
2 
5 
2 

"i" 

2 

4 


1 




1 




1833 








1 


1834 .. 














1 


1835 . 


1 
















1836 








1 
2 
2 
1 






1 

2 

i' 
1 
3 
1 
2 


••• 










1837 


1 
2 










2 
2 


1 
1 


1 
1 


... 


'2 


1 


1838.... 








1 


1839 














1840 ... 














'2 
1 










1841.... 




1 






2 




1 


'i' 


1 
3 
2 
4 
3 
1 


1 








1842.... 


2 


2 




1 




1 




1843.... 








1 
1 

1 
1 






1 




1 


1844 . 




1 








1 


2 










1845 ... 






2 
i 


i' 
2 
2 

i 

1 
1 

2 

'2' 


2 

'4 
1 
2 

'2" 
2 
3 

1 
1 
3 
1 
1 


'i' 










1846.... 














1 










1847. .. 














1 
1 






1 


1848 


2 


1 






















1 




'2' 
3 
3 

'2' 
1 
4 




1849 ... 






2 










2 
2 


1 
"i' 

i' 


2 
2 
2 
2 
1 

'4 
3 
1 






2 


1 


1850.... 
















2 
1 

'i' 

1 


3 

1 

'i' 
2 


3 

'2 
1 




1861.... 


1 
2 
1 

2 








1 
1 

1 


■i 


1 












1852. .. 












2 




1 


t 


■'853 . 
















3 
2 
1 


? 


1854.... 


















2 




1855 




















1856 


1 
2 
1 
1 

1 












1 




1 
2 
1 




2 




1 


1 


1857 








2 

1 








4 
2 


1 
i' 

6 


'2' 
1 

1 
1 

1 

'i' 
1 


2 

4 

3' 
2 
1 
3 
1 
3 
3 
2 
2 


•> 


1858 
















'i' 


i' 


1 




1859 


















I860 


1 
1 












i" 






1 
1 

i' 

2 

"2 
2 

2 


'i' 
2 


'2 
2 
1 
1 

1 

1 
2 


'2 


1 
1 
2 
1 

i' 
3 
1 


...... 


1861.... 










2 
1 






1 


1861 ... 






2 
1 










1 




1862 






1 














1 




1 


1863 








1 
















186^ 






















3 

1 
2 


'i" 

1 


"i' 


'3" 




1865 ... 


1 








1 


1 


1 








?. 


1866 




1 


1 


1 


'i' 


3' 


4 


1867 ... 


3 


2 












1 














Total 


30 


7 


2 


1 


63 1 


19 


60 


7 


47 


35 


53 


8 


85 


17 


59 


80 


139 19 1 3 


IT 

1 


29 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 



WIIKNCE APPOI^TTED CADETS. 



Class. 


i 

1 


2 

< 
> 

55 


a 

E 

Id 


i 


1 


•i 

1 

§ 


c 

5 



1 



s 

C 


2 




X 

2 

§ 
Ea 


< 

K 

a 

H 

a 
5 


1 

i 






d 
> 


1 


i 

1 


■A 


i, 

I'd 
It. 


i 

< 


1802.. .l...i...L.J... 








1 




1. ..;... 


1 






...1... 


2 


1803 






1 


1 








...L-- 




t 




1 


1 






3 


1804 .. 






...1... 














. ..|... 




1 






2 


1805.... 








1 

2 
1 


1 












...|... 










:i 


1806 




... 




i ... 






1 




1 






5 

G 

2 

3 






.'.'t:: 


15 


1807 








1.. 






1808 






2 




1 
2 

4 
4 




























1.5 


1809..*., 




















1 


















1811.... 






1 


1 
1 


... 


... 






2 
1 










1 
1 


... 


... 


... 


19 


1812 ... 




... 




1 

1 


... 






18 


1813 








1 


1814 






1 


... 




9 
14 


1 


'4' 


... 


3 
1 

1 
2 








2 
1 
1 
1 
3 


1 

3 
7 
3 
2 
3 
1 
5 








30 


1815.... 






'i' 


2 












40 


1817 












4 
.1 






... 








19 


1818 








1 
1 
1 

"2 
2 

"3" 

1 




1 

1 

3 

l 

3 


i" 
1 

2 




23 


1819 ... 






1 

'i' 

2 
1 

1 

2 


... 7 
...11 
... 6 




1 
1 
3 
1 
1 
2 
2 

2 

1 
3 

'i' 
1 

2 
1 
2 
2 

*2' 

1 

'3' 

3 

i' 

2 
2 

i" 

"2" 
3 

"2" 

1 

'2' 










29 


1820.... 




... 


2 

1 
1 
1 

1 
1 
1 






30 


1821.... 






6 
3 
4 
5 
7 
4 
1 
4 
4 
4 
5 
5 
6 
4 
6 
5 
4 
5 
3 
7 
■5 
4 
3 
1 
S 
3 
5 
3 
6 
5 
4 
3 
5 
8 
3 


"i' 
1 

i' 

'2' 
1 
1 

'3' 

'2 
i' 
'i' 

"i" 
i' 
i' 










1 


24 


1822 




6 
5 

fi 
9 
2 
« 
2 
7 
7 
8 
6 
5 
7 

11 
10 
4 
7 
6 
8 
« 
7 
7 
2 
8 

10 
5 
5 
5 
7 

8 
S 
4 
8 
8 
3 
1 
4 
7 
9 
6 
3 
3 
8 
7 
3 
6 




... 


3 
3 




1 


40 


1823.... 


... 






1 


33 


1824.... 


2 
3 
8 
4 
1 

2 
2 
4 
5 
5 
4 






31 


1825 


2 
3 
3 

'2 
2 
2 
1 
1 

3' 
2 
2 

1 
1 
3 
1 
1 

"i" 
1 

2 

1 
2 

'3' 
3 
2 

'2' 
2 
1 

"2 

'2 

'4' 










1 
2 
.8 
2 
1 
1 






37 


1826 


... 












41 


1827 


3 

2 

4 
1 
3 
3 

i' 
4 

'3" 
3 

6 

2 
4 
3 
2 
4 

's' 

1 

4 

2 
6 

8 
1 
2 
7 
2 
2 
2 
3 
2 
3 
7 
3 
2 
4 
6 

3 


... 

'i' 

'i' 
2 




1 


38 


1828 






1 
1 


I 
3 
1 
2 
1 
1 

2' 

3 


"• 


2 










33 


1829 






46 


1830... 









... 






42 


1831 




1 


1 
3 




... 


■ "i" ■■ 


33 


1832 






3 

1 
I. 

3 

1 






1 

1 


45 


1833... 






2 ... 

1 '... 

I i;:; 

1 i... 
9 ' 


43 


1834 


... 2 

...1 1 
1 








36 


1835.... 
1836 




... 




... 


1 

2 


56 
49 


1837.... 








1 
2 

i 

i' 
1 
2 

i' 

2 


<S 1 
3 

1 ' 




SO 


1838 






'^ 


45 


1839.... 




... 


1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

'i' 






1 
3 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

'2'! 
2 
2 

3 
1 
2 
1 

•7 






SI 


1840.... 
1841.... 


1 

i' 

:2 

'i' 




3 
7 
7 
3 
1 
2 
5 
2 
1 
5 
3 
2 




... 6 
... fi 


42 
52 


1842.... 










56 


1843.... 






39 


1844.... 
1845.... 
1846.... 




... 






i' 


] 

8 
8 
8 
7 
8 
4 


25 
41 

59 


1847 






3S 


1848.... 




... 


1 
1 
1 . 

i' 

I 
1 

2 


3 

2' 

1 
1 

i" 

1 
1 


.:." 


38 


1849.... 
1850.... 




::i 


1 
1 

1 


43 
44 


1851.... 
1852.... 


•■• 


•" 


1 
■■"1 


6 
5 

5 


42 
43 


1853..., 
.1 854. . . . 


1 
1 


'.:: 


'2 

1 


^ i 
-4 1 




3 


52 
46 


1855.... 






1 1 




2 
11 
2 
3 
3 
5 
7 
5 
5 
« 
2 
22 
4 
7 


34 


1856.... 






2 
3 




49 


1857.... 


1 1... 
1 1--- 


1 


1 


a 






i' 
2' 


38 


1858 






1 ... 

I ... 

1 


27 


1859.... 








4 
3 
7 
5 
1 
4 
3 

3.0 
4 
4 


i' 
i' 

i 




1 1... 

•i-j.!. 


22 


I860.... 








1 
1 

1 


i' 


41 


1861.... 






1 
2 


1 




45 


1861.... 






34 


1862.... 








1 










18 


1863 






1 
1 
I 








1 1 


... 1 


"3" 


2n 


1864.... 








1 


27 


1865.... 






1 










2 




OS 


1866.... 


1 




1 












41 


1867.... 


1 






1 


3 


5 


1 




9 


6 






63 


















T0T.4L 1 2 1 1 


48 1 52 

! 


2 


353' 68 ' 

1 1 


i;}4 


218 


22 

1 


62 


61 4 


2 77 


150 


2 


10 174 


2218 



STATISTICS or THE 



PROMOTIO:^ 


OF ORADUATES TO 


SERVICE 


• 




Ci-Asa 


i 
5 


P 
1 


1 




1 
> 



:3 




1" 

3 

Q 

1 


i 

% 

I 


>• 

6 


2 
I 




1 


1 


2 
3 


J 


s 

3 


CO 

1 


6 
1 


< 


1802 

1803 

1804 


2 

1 




























2 








2 
2 




















3 


























2 


1805 


3 

5 




























3 


1806 








8 












2 
1 
4 
1 
6 
5 










15 


1807 








4 
3 
5 
5 
3 




















5 


1808 


3 






5 




















15 


1809 






1 
















« 




1811 . . .. 


1 
2 

1 
6 






6 

8 
















1 


19 


1812 






















18 


1813 




















' 




1 


1814 






9 
9 


18 
17 
17 
11 
12 
8 
12 
16 
11 
12 
15 
16 
12 
12 
15 
13 
13 
23 
16 
14 
16 
36 
36 
2.i 
16 
12 
15 
IT 
10 
5 
9 

16 
22 
10 
U 












1 




1 






30 


1815 




8 












40 


1817 .... 
















2 






19 


1818 


2 
5 
2 
1 
2 
1 
t 
4 
2 


1 


1 

2 

7 


3 
6 
3 












5 

3 
10 
11 
22 
23 
18 
16 
23 
26 
20 
29 
28 
19 
17 
23 
19 
30 

7 

8 
13 

4 
18 
25 
24 
23 
15 
17 
20 
16 
14 
21 
19 
16 
24 
22 
14 
14 
16 
11 
13 

8 

20 
10 

7 








23 


1819 












1 








29 


1820 


















30 


1821 




















24 


1822 


























40 


1823 


























35 


1824 


























81 


1825 




















2 






37 


1826 






















41 


1827 


























38 


1828 
























1 




33 


1829 


2 
1 
1 






















46 


1830 


























42 


1831 


























33 


1832 
















5 










45 


1833 


4 
2 

2 
1 
























43 


1834 










1 

8 
4 
5 
9 
4 
9 
6 
6 
















36 


1835 






















56 


1836 






















49 


1837 






















60 


1838 




1 
















45 


1839 


5 
1 

3 

7 


1 

2 
1 
2 
2 


1 
2 
3 
1 


















31 


1840 
















42 


1841 
















52 


1842 
















56 


1843 








4 








39 


1844 




. . • • 


4 

8 

10 














25 


1845 


3 

4 


2 
2 












41 


1846 




5 












59 


1847 










38 


1848 


5 
1 
1 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
3 
4 
1 
3 
2 
3 
4 
7 
8 

15 
9 
9 

H 


2 
1 
1 

"2' 
1 
2 






i".::: 


5 

\ 
6 
2 
5 
5 
4 
4 
4 
3 
2 
3 
5 
5 


"4" 

8 

3 
2 
2 


2 
2 
1 
5 
2 
3 
3 
2 
2 
2 
2 












3S 


1849 


1 
1 
2 
2 
2 
2 












43 


1850 


14 

: 11 










44 


1851 










42 


1852 




9 
17 
17 

8 










43 


1853 










52 


1854 




1 


1 


46 


1855 .... 




j 


34 


1856 


1 
3 
2 
3 
2 

"i" 


1 
2 
1 

1 
2 

3 
4 
4 
7 
2 




14 










49 


1857 


....: 8 










38 


1858 




4 
4 
7 

19 
8 

15 
6 










27 


1859 










22 


1860 


s 

2 












41 


1861 










45 


1861 










84 


1862 


1 






28 


1863 


1 








2 
10 
43 

7 
1 


! 






25 


1864 














* 


27 


1865 




6 
16 

43 






10 

6 










68 


1866 




3 

2 
















41 


1867 




1 


6 






1. ... 




63 






1 


1 


1 ' 








Total 


jl79 


32 


71 


49 


798- 1 1 


136 


55 1 35 1 5 1 8-14 

! 1 1 — 


6 


5 


1 2 


2218 



U. S. MILITAEY ACADEMY. 



IIV 


AR.HV 


AIVD 


CAimAr 


TIES 


OF .SERVICE 


• 




CLAsa 


§ 

o 

§ 
§ 

a 


1 

c 

o 


B 


g 

1 

a 


B 

r 

•r. 

i 


oa 
:2 


Q 

i 

05 


1 
§ 


H 

a 
O 

g 

1 


i 

a 
o 


« 

a. 
a, 


1 

g 
1 


3 


! 

o 

9 


1 

Q 

o 


C5 

> 

_2 


1802 . 


1 












i 2 
•7 






1 




1 


2 
i 3 

2 

3 
14 

3 
14 

15 
16 

1 
20 
32 
14 
12 
21 
21 
-.0 
28 
22 
21 
28 
25 
24 
C3 
21 
26 
18 
23 
2.S 
18 
27 
26 
23 
20 
13 
17 
25 
f2 
15 
13 
21 
25 
10 
15 
12 
13 
13 

13 

19 

5 

•1 

5 
5 
11 
10 
8 
5 
3 
2 
5 




1803 


! 






1 
1 

2 
6 
1 
5 
2 
3 
6 












1 


1 3 




ISO^ ..J.... 








.... 1 
.... 1 

1 4 
.... 1 

2 4 
.... 5 

4 4 

3 7 










2 

3 
15 

5 
15 

7 
19 
18 

1 
3) 
4!) 
19 
23 
29 

;o 

24 
40 
35 
31 
37 
41 
38 
33 
46 

42 1 
33 
45 
43 
."6 
56 

41 1 
50 
45 

'I 
f.6 

V. 

41 
59 ! 

38 ' 
38 ' 

43 j 

44 1 

42 ] 

43 1 
62 i 
46 1 
34 
49 

38 ; 

27 

22 

41 

45 

34 

28 

f5 

27 

68 1 

41 

63 ; 




1805. ...| 


















1306 




1 




1 
2 






'I 




1 


1807 ..'...- 












1808 


1 


.... 1 








1 


1809 












1811.... 






1 


.... 


5 
2 




1 , 1 






4 


1812 








1 






2 


1813 .. 












1 
11 














1814 ... 






2 
1 




8 
13 
5 
R 


1 


1 
1 
1 

1 - 

2 ; 
1 ' 










ID 


1815 






.... 19 
2 10 
1 1 

.... i; 

1 13 
....j 15 

2 1 17 
.... 13 

3 16 
....1 16 

4 17 
1 1 20 
1 1 14 
1 -.'O 

■i i: 

1 18 

r 2-2 






2 






8 


1817 




..\ ■ 




1 


5 


1818 


.... 




4 
2 
1 










n 


1819 ... 


...".'i 10 










8 


1820 






9 


1821 








7 






1 


"i' 


4 


1822 






4 
4 


. . . . 


l-T 

12 

6 
17 
12 
11 
14 
11 
16 

8 
12 
13 

6 
11 
15 
10 
13 

5 

12 
10 
14 
11 

15 
14 

6 
10 
7 
4 
8 
4 
6 
7 
2 
8 
1 
1 
1 
4 
2 

4 
2 
2 
5 
1 






1 


12 


1823 




2 

1 


....1 1 




13 


1824 






10 


1825 




3 
2 
1 


:::: 






1 


9 


1826 ... 




5 

2 

8 

2 

2 

4 

7 

4 
10 

6 

9 

6 
10 
10 
11 
13 
11 

3 

9 
17 
10 

7 
19 
15 
17 
19 
20 
16 
19 
21 
14 

8 
11 ' 
21 
26 
22 
23 
20 
"4 


2 1 

41 










l^i 


1827 




1 


....; 2 






14 


1828 








10 


1829 




1 
2 
1 
2 


;;:; 


3 

3 

1 




1 




•25 


1830-.. . 




1 




16 


1831 




"j;;;; 




15 


1832 ... 










f.% 


1833 




4 

\ 
6 
7 
4 
2 
4 


17 
16 
26 
18 


I 


\ 




1 


20 


1834 




1 




1 1 

^1 


2 
3 
2 
2 




18 


1835 









1 


W 


1836.... 


1 
1 






?.S 


1837.... 
1838 


1 

2 
2 




13, 3i 
16 1 1 1 

9 21 
nil 


2 


"\ 


2 
2 


27 
'At 


1839 


1 






18 


1840 ... 






? 






''5 


1841.... 




14 17 
4 i 24 
3 \ 10 














"^7 


1842.... 




1 




1 










34 


1843... 




....^ 1 




"i' 


2 

i 


24 


1844 .. 




1 




7 i 10 
4 1 12 

8 : 18 

4 1 8 


12 


1845 








20 


1846 








...1 i 

....' 2 

..... 1 


...., 1 




34 


1847 .. 




2 
1 
2 








?;8 


1848 




3 

\ 
4 
1 
5 
1' 
2 

I 
3 
4 

6 

8 
6 

1 

1 


13 

11 
18 

15 
10 

1? 
18 
15 

5 
8 
6 
3 


2 ' i 

1 .... 






23 


1849 ... 




1 

2 

1 
3 


•y 


SI 


1850 ... 




31 


1851.... 






1 


.... 2 


. .1 . , 


?9 


1852 






:-7 


1853 .. 










3 i 1 


39 


1854 






1 






1 
1 


■n 


1855 










1 


?9 


1856 


2 


"i' 






?3 


1857 






■.■..■.:::. 






31 


1858 












^2 


1859 










1 








17 


1860 










' 






30 


1861.... 








3 
2 






1861 










:::.■,..:: 


26 


1862 ... 












«3 


1863 








1 
1 




........ 






ff}. 


1864 












25 


1865 ... 




63 
40 
63 












63 


1866 










; 






40 


1867....i....| 














63 




51 














Total 


5 |659 

1 


3 


460 


183 


712 


44 


2« 


11 


20 


S3 


lu 


2 18 


956 


1263 



STATISTICS OF THE 



REBEK.I.IO.'V RECORn OF ORAIDVATES. 



Class. 



1802 
1805 
1806 
1807 
1808 
1811 
1812 
1814 
1815 
1817 
1818 
1819 
1820 
1821 
1822 
1823 
1824 
1895 
1826 
1827 
1828 
1829 
1830 
1831 
1832 
1833 
1834 
1835 
1836 
1837 
1838 
1839 
1840 
1841 
1842 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1846 
1847 
1848 
1849 
1850 
1851 
1852 
1853 
1854 
1855 
1856 
1857 
1858 
1859 
1860 
1861 
1361 



In Civil Lwe 

AT THE BEGlN.ViNa 
OF REBELIJuN. 



i '^ 

4 

I 7 
i 12 



13 



In the Army 

AT THE Be;1SS.NJ 

OF Rebellion. 



Total... 292 99 37 423 627 184 10 821 1249 115 393 



IS 33 



o 


00 




-5 




z 


«3 


Hoi 
















==5 


Sa 


K « 




K 8 


-^ r« 


:;iS 






K « 


^H 


fife 


i^ 


wx 


s 






X 


-/J 


i 


"i" 


"2 


"2" 


'i' 


"i" 


"•2 


"q 


I 


1 


"i' 


"2" 


1 


3 


3 


3 


1 


2 


5 


5 


2 


3 


6 


8 


1 





5 


8 


4 


6 


9 


12 


4 


s 


5 


11 


2 


8 


S 1 


10 


2 




4 


16 


5 


13 


5 


17 


1 


3 


1 


8 


7 


16 


5 


16 


3 


7 


1 


17 


2 


13 


4 


15 


3 


12 


4 


20 


4 


9 


2 


19 


1 


19 


1 


15 




4 


1 


7 




If) 




12 




7 


115 


393 



Eemabks. 



This record shows that of the 
1,219 Gra^laates of the Military 
Academy, supposed to be living at 
the besinnins of the Rebellion, 99 
in civil life and 184 from the array 
joinerl in the war against the Uni- 
ted States, pr Jess ihayi 23 per cctU. 
Adding even two-thirds of those of 
whom it is unknown whether 
they were loyal or disloyal (whi'^h 
would probably inclnde all that 
were livinpr). It appears that more 
than threefonrllis of the Graduates 
remained faithful to the Union. 

Of the 821 Graduates in the 
army when the Southern States 
seceded, 184 joined in the Rebel- 
lion, being- 22 per cent., or but a 
little over ons-Jijth of the whole 
number. 

Of the 99 Graduates who joined 
in the Rebellion from civil life, alt 
were from slave territory, or resi- 
dents therein, except one. 

Of the nso Graduates born in or 
appoiuteil from slave territory, 
who were in military ser\'ice wheri 
the Southern States seceded, Iti'i 
remained loyal, and 168 joined the 
rebel ranks — that is, they were 
about equally divided. In addi- 
tion to the latter, 16 from the free 
States joined in the RebellioD, 
making the total of 184. 

Of the 292 Loyal Graduates In 
oivU life at the date of secession, 
113 re-entered the military service 
as ortlcers of Regulars or Volun- 
teers, to suppress the Rebellion, 
which incUidedtioo-seventhsof those 
over 45 years old, ami all below 
that age, except 39, who from dis- 
ability and otiier causes, diti not 
take an active part in the war, 
though many perlormed useful 
services in civil capacities requir- 
ing military knowledge, while 
otlierm, wlio had teoilered their 
services, were unable to procure 
commissioaB. 

Of those In the military service 
of the United States during the 
Rebellion, over one-half held volua- 
teer commissions. 

Of the Graduates who served iti 

the battles of the Rebellion, on«- 
n/ih laid down their lives to pre- 
serve ttie Union, and more than 
ont'- ihirJ — probably one - Jialf — 
were wounded la defence of their 
country's Qag. 



Note.— Sinco the publication of tbo first odition of this Register, the ReboUion Record of 
Graduates has been improved by the receipt of additional inforination. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY 



CIVIL OCCIJPATIOIV OF CRADVATES. 

Mombersof the Cabinet of the United States 3 

Ministers from the United States to Foreign Courts 3 

Charge d'Allaircs from the United States to Foreign Cimrls 2 

United States Consuls 4 

Members of the United States Senate and House of Representatives 12 

United States Civil OfBcers of various kinds 63 

Presidential Electors 5 

Governors of States and Territories 5 

Lieut. -Governors of States 2 

Members of State Legislatures 60 

Presiding Olticers of State Senates and House of Representatives 7 

Members of Conventions to form State Constitutions 11 

State Oflicers of various grades 34 

Adjutants-General of States and Territories 8 

Officers of State Militia -. 125 

Mayors of Cities 5 

City Officers 24 

Presidents of Universities, Colleges, &c 20 

Princijials of Academies and Schools 23 

Regents and Chancellors of Educational Institutions 5 

Professors and Teachers 85 

Superintendent of Coast Survey 1 

Surveyors-General of States and Territories 6 

Chief Engineers of States 14 

Presidents of Railroads and other Corporations 35 

Chief Engineers of Railroads and other public works 48 

Superintendents of Railroads and other public works 41 

Treasorers of Railroad and other Companies 7 

Civil Engineers 155 

Judges 10 

Attorneys and Counsellors at Law 119 

Bishops 1 

Clergymen 15 

Physicians 9 

Merchants 78 

Manufacturers SO 

Artists 2 

Architects 4 

Planters and Farmers 161 

Bankers 8 

Bank Presidents 6 

Bank OfBcers 

Editors 16 

Authors 75 



BATTLES, COMBATS, ACTIONS, ETC., 

FOUGHT BY THE U. S. AEMIES 
SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT 

OF THE 

U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 

L 



BATTLER, COMBATS, ACTIONS, ETC., 

FOUGHT BY THE U. S. ARMIES 

SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT 

OF THE 

U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY 



WAR OF 1813-13, TFITH GREAT BRITAIIV. 



Beaver Dam, U. C, Action at June 23, 1813 

Black Rock, U. C, Expd. opposite to.. Nov. 28. 181'2 

Black Rock, N. Y. , Defense of July 11, 1813 

Black Roclv, X. Y., Assault at Dec. 31,1813 

Bladensburg, Md.. Battle of Aug. 24, 1814 

Bowyer, Ala., Defense of Ft Sep. 15, 1814 

Brownslowii, Miuli., Action of Aug. 4, 1812 

Caledonia, Capture of Brig Oct. 10,1812 

Clialmette, La., Combat of Doc. 28, 1814 

Champlain, N. Y. , Assault at July 18, 1814 

Chatoaugay, L. C. , Action on the Oct. 26, 1813 

Chattiam, U. C, Action at Oct. 4, 1813 

Chicago, 111., Action near Aug. 15, 1812 

Chippewa, U. C, Battle of July 5, 1814 

Chippewa, U. C, Action at Oct. 15,1814 

Chrvstler's Fields, U. C, Battle of Nov. 11, 1813 

Craney Island, Va., Defense of June 22, 1813 

Detroit, Mich., Surrender of Aug. 16.1812 

Detroit; Capture of Brig Oct. 10, 1812 

l.lizabcthtown, U. C. , Action at Feb. 7, 1813 

Erie, I'. C. , A.ssault on Ft Aug. 15,1814 

Erie, U. C, Bombardment of Ft... Aug. 13-15, 1814 

F.rio,U. C, Capture of Ft July 3, 1814 

Erie, U. C, Defense of Ft Aug. 1-Sep. 17, 1814 

Erie,U. C. , Sortie from Ft Sep. 17, 1814 

French Creek, N. Y., Defense at Nov. 1-2, 1813 

Frenchtowu, U. C, Action at Jan. 18,1813 

Ganonoque,U. C, Attack of Sep. 21, 1812 

George, U. C. , Action near Ft Julv 8, 1813 

George, U. C, Capture of Ft .May 27, 1813 

George, U. C. , Del', of Outworks of Ft.. July 17, 1813 

Geoigo, U. C. , Def. of Camp near Ft Aug. 24, 1813 

Hamilton, Va. , Defense of Juno 13, 1S13 

Ui Colo Mill, L. C, Attack of .Mar. 30,1814 

Longwood, U. C. . Action at Mar. 4, 1814 



Lyon's Creek, Action on Oct. 19, 1814 

Mackinac, Mich., Attack on Ft Aug. 4,1814 

Magiiago, Mich., Battle of...,. Aug. 9,1812 

McHenry,Md., Defense of Ft Sep. 13,1814 

Meigs, 0. , Defense of Ft Apr. 28-May 9, 1813 

Meigs, 0., Sortie from Ft May 5, 1813 

Moor's Fields. Md., Action at Aug. 30,1814 

New Orleans. La. , Battle of Jan. 8, 1815 

Niagara, U. C. , Battle of July 25, 1814 

Niagara, N. Y., Bombardment of Ft... Nov. 21, 1812 

Niagara, N. Y., Capture of Ft Dec. 19, 1813 

North Point, Md., Battle of Sep. 12,1814 

Odelltown, L. C. , Action at June 28, 1814 

Ogdensburg, N. Y., Capture of Feb. 22, 1813 

Oswego, N. v., Assault of Ft May 5-6, 1813 

l'ensacola,Fla., Capture of Nov. 7,1814 

Plattsburg, N. Y. , Battle of Sep. 11, 1814 

Point au Play, U. C, Action at July 16, 1814 

Point Petre,Ga., Defense of Jan. 13,1815 

Queenston Heights, U. C, Attack on... Oct. 13, 1812 

River Rxisin, U. C. , Battle of Jan. 22, 1813 

Rodriguez Canal, La., Assault at Jan. 1, 1815 

Sackctt's Harbor, N. Y., Defense of... May 29, 1813 

Sandy Creek, Assault at May 30,1814 

Scajocada Creek, N. Y. , Assault at. ...Aug. 3, 1814 

Sch'losser, N. Y., Action near Dec. 19-20, 1813 

Stephenson, 0. Defense of Ft Aug. 2, 1813 

Stony Creek, U. C, Night Assault at... June 6, 1813 

Stonington, Ct., Defense of Aug 9-11. 1813 

St. Philip, La. , Defense of Ft Jan. 9-18, 1815 

St. Regis, N. Y., Action at Oct. 23, 1812 

Thames, U. C., Battle of the Oct. 5, 1813 

Villerie's Plantation, La., Battle at Dec. 23, 1814 

White House, Action at Sep. 1-6, 1814 

York, U. C, Capture of Apr. 27, 1812 



IIVDIAIV TVARS.* 



Allaehua Savanna. Fla., Fight near... Dec 19,1835 

Alligator Indians, Fla., Fight with Oct. 5, 1S12 

Andrews. Fla., Fight at Ft Aug. 29, IS 9 

Appalachicola.Fla., Ambusc. on the... Nov. 30, 1817 

Arbucklo, I. T., Fight at May 12, 18.54 

Arickareo Towns, Attack on Aug. 9-11, 1823 

Arkansas River, Fight on Mar. 1, 1851 



Arkansas, Fight near sourc.^ of the. . . . Apr. 29, 1855 

Atkinson, Tex. , Fight near Ft May 13, 1859 

Autossee Towns. Ala., Destruction of. .Nov. 29, 1813 

Bad Axe, 111.. Battle of the Aug. 2, 1832 

Bit' Svpress Swamp, Fla., Fight at... Mar. 5-7, 1857 

Billy's Town. Fla., Fight near Apr. 6, 1856 

Black WaterSpriug, Kan., Fight at... July 11, 1860 



• .Many engagements, in which Graduates of the Military Academy took no part, are omitted in tlii.- lis' 



12 



BATTLES, COMBATS, ACTIONS, ETC., 



INDIAN IVARS. 



Blue Mounds, Wis., Action near July 21, 1832 

Blue Water, Neb. , Action of Sep. 3, 1855 

Brauuan's Prairie, Fight on Dec. 11, 1855 

Brooke, Fla., Fight near Mar. 2,1841 

Caddo Creek, I. T. , Fights on Feb. 24-27, 1859 

Cagalone. Fight on the Mar. 6, 1854 

Camanche Trail, Te.x. , Fight on the May 2, 1S59 

Carioosahatchoe, Assault on the July 23, 18i;9 

Cienequilla, N. M., Fight at Mar. 30, 1854 

Cascades, Wash., Fight on banks of. ..Mar. 26,1856 

Cerro del Oya, Fight at the Mar. 13, 1849 

Chaparita,N. M., Fight at May 29,1861 

Chetco, Fights near mouth of the. . .ilar.-Apr., 1856 

Chocaliska, Fight near Mar. 29, 1856 

Chusca Valley, Fight in Sep. 28, 1858 

Clear River, Fla., Fight on Feb. 9, 1837 

Cold Spring, N. M., Fight near Jan. 2. 1861 

Columbia River, Fight at Casca.les of. .Mar. 28, 1856 

Concho River, Tex., Fight on Nov. 26, 1856 

Concho River, Figbt on Dec. 22, 1856 

Concho River, Fight on Feb. 12-13, 1857 

Concho , Fight at source of the Aug. 26-27 , 1860 

Cooper's Post, Fla., Defence of. Apr. 5-17, 1836 

Cottonwood Creek, Fight on Aug. 6,1860 

Cow Creek, Or. , Fight on Oct. 31, 1855 

Dade's Massacre, Fla Dec. 28, 1835 

Davis' Creek, Ga., Fight near Sep. 11,181-' 

Delaware Creek, N. M. , Fight near June 13, 1855 

Deynaud, Fla., Fight near Ft Jan. 18, 1856 

Defiance, Ala,, Action at Camp Jan. 27, 1814 

Defiance, N. M., Fight near Ft Jan. 17, 1860 

Deep Creek, Neb., Fight near Aug. 11, 1860 

Devil's River, Fight near source of July 20, 1857 

Dog Canon, N. M., Fight at Feb. 8,1859 

Dona Alia, N. M. , Fight at Aug. 16, 1849 

Drane, Fla., Action at Ft Aug. 21,1836 

Dunlawton, Fla., Action at Jan. 18, 1836 

Eccanachaco, Ala., Action at Deo. 23,1813 

Eoonflnuie River, Fla. , Fight ou July 13, 1840 

Egan Canon, Neb., Fight at Aug. 11,1860 

EI Paso Tex.. Fight near June, 1855 

Emuckfau, Ala., Combat ou the Jan. 22. 1814 

Enotochopco, Ala., Combat ou the Jan. 24, 1814 

Everglades, Fla., Expedition into. . . .Dec. 3-24, 1810 

Fauntleroy, N. M., Fight near Ft Sep. 18, 1860 

Floyd Kan. , Fight near Ft July 29, 1857 

Four Lakes, Wash. , Combat of Sept. 1, 1858 

Fowltown Indians, Attack by Nov. 23, 1817 

Galena, IlL, Fight near June 18, 1832 

Gila River, N. M. , Fight on June 27, 1857 

Goose Lake, Cal., Fight at Aug. 5, 1861 

Grand Prairie, Ark., Fight on June 26, 1847 

Guadalupe Mountains, Fight near June 16, 1858 

Harrison, Ind., Defence of P'ort Sop 4^5, 1812 

Hatch's lianch, N. M. , Fitibt at July 23, 1860 

Hatchoeluskie, Fla., Fight on the Jan. 27,1837 

Ha we Creek, Fla., Attack at Jan. 25,1842 

Hillabee Towns. Ala., Attack oa Nov. 18,1813 

Horse Shoe, Ala., Battle of the Mar. 27,1814 

Lziird, Fla., Fights near Camp. . .Fob. 27-Mar. 5, 1836 

Jacksonville, Or., Fight near Aug. 24, 1853 

Jornado dol Muerto, Fights near I.a- 

guna Jan. 24-Fob. 19, 1852 

Jupiter Creek, Fla., Fight on branch of.. Jan. 15, 1838 

Jupiter Inlet, Fla, Combat near Jan. 24, 1838 

Killogg's Grove. 111., Fight noar Juno 16, 1832 

King, Fla., Assault on i^coiit noar Ft. . . Apr. 28, 1840 

Kinghajo's Town, Fla, Figlit near Apr. 1, 1818 

Laramie, Dak. , Fight near Ft Aug. 19, 1854 

'aredo, Tex., Fight near. Apr. 7, 1850 

Laredo, Tex., Fight near June 12, 1850 

Levy's Prairie, Fla., Assault at May 19, 1810 

Lobo, Tex., Fight near th ■ Sep. 5, 18.54 

Locha-hatchee, FIh., C iinb:it of Jan. 24, 1838 

Lolchaway Indians, Fla. , Action with..S^p. 27, 1812 

Mai River, Cal., Fight on Ap;-. 14-15, 1861 

Madison, Defense of Fort S 'P. 5-8, 1812 



Marcy, N. M. , Fight near Ft Oct. 6, 1858 

Massachusetts , Col. , Fight near Ft Apr . 29 , 1855 

Mcintosh. Tex., Fight near Ft Oct. 3, 1864 

Mcintosh, Tex., Fight near Ft Apr. 26, 1855 

>'icanopy, Fla., Action near lune 9, 1836 

Micanopy, Fla., Assault near Vac. 28, 1840 

Micanopy, Fla., Fight near May 17, 1842 

Mims, AIa.,Assault of Ft Aug. 3'i, 1813 

Mississinewa River, Action ou Dec. 17-18, 1812 

Mojave,\. M., Fight near Ft Aug., 1859 

Monroe Camp (Ft. .Mellon) , Fla. , Fight at.Fcb.'^8, 1837 

Mosquito Inlet, Fla. , Fight near .-^ep. 10,1837 

Navajo Country, N. M., Fight in Oct. 13, 1860 

Ncwnausville, Fla. Fight near June 17. 1838 

Odd Battalion of Spies, III., Defeat of. ..Mav 14, 1832 

Ojo del Muerto, N. M., Fight of Mar. 11. 1857 

Okee-cho-bee, Fla. , Battle of. Hec. 25, 1837 

Oloklikaha, Fla. , Action of Mar. 31,1836 

Pawnee Fork, Kan., Fight near Oct. 30, 1859 

Penasco River, Figbt on Jan. 19, 1855 

Pickatolica River, III., Fight ou the Jan. 1.5, 1832 

I Pilaklikaha Hammock, Fla.. Attack at. .Apr. 19.1842 

Piraartam's Town, III. , Fight at Oct. , 1812 

Plains, .Meb., Fight on the. Oct., 1849 

Pit River, Cal., Fight on July 5, IS50 

Ponce Passu Creek, Fight at Xov 21-22,1812 

Punta Rassa, Fight ot Aug. 2, 1856 

Pugallup River , Fight ou N. Fork of. . .Nov. 6-7, 1855 

Red Bluff, Cal., Fight near Mar. 24, 1853 

Redwood Creek, Cal., Fight on May 8, 1861 

Redwood Creek, Cal. , Fight on .June 3, 1861 

Ridgely's Mill, Fla., Actional Jidy 27,1836 

Rio Grande, Tex., Fight on the Dec. 18, 1856 

Rock River, Action near mouth of. . . .July 19, 1814 

Rogue River, Or., Fight near June 16, 1851 

Rogue River. Or.. Fight on.. Mar. 1,1855 

Rogue River,' Or., Fight on .Mar. 21, 1856 

Rogue River, Fight at big bend of May 27-28, 1856 

San Diego, Cal., Fight near July 11, 1854 

San Velasco Hammock, Fla., Fight at. .Sep. 18, 1836 

.Sevier Lake, Utah Fight near Oct. 26, 1853 

Sierra delosMembres,N.M. , Fight ou. .Mar. 11, 1857 

Simcoe Valley, Wash. , Fights in Oct. 6-8, 1855 

Solomon's Fork, Kan.. Combat of July 29, 1857 

Spokaue Plains, Wash. , Combat on Sep. 5, 1858 

Spokane River, Wash., Fight on Sop. 8,1858 

Stanton, N. M., Fight near Ft Oct. 6, 1858 

Stanton, N. .M., Fight near Ft Oct. 10, 1858 

Stanton, N. M. , Fight near Ft Feb. 8, 18oS 

Talladega, Ala., Battle of Nov. 9, 1813 

TalUishatcheo, Ala., Action at Nov. 3,1813 

Tappa Creek, Fight at Aug. 6, 1861 

Thlonotosassa, Fla., Action of Apr. 27, 1836 

Tippecanoe, lud.. Battle of .\ov. 7,1811 

To-hots-nine-me, Wash., Action of. Mav 17, 1858 

Trinidad. Tex., Fight at Lake May 9. 1S54 

Truckee River, Fight on June 2, 1860 

Tuni-cha Mountains, N. M. , Fight at Oct. , 1860 

Union, N. M., Fight uear Ft June 30, 1854 

Union , N. M., Fight near Ft Sep. 8-0, 1858 

Waccahoota, Fla. , Fight at Sep. 6, 1840 

Waccassassa, Fla., Fight near the Dec. L'6, 1837 

Waboo Swamp, Fla., Fight near the , .Nnv. 17, 1836 

Wahoo Swamp, FUu, Fight on Nov. IS, 1836 

Wahoo Swamp, Fla., Battle of Nov. 21, 1836 

Wahoo Swamp, Fla., Fight near Feb. 12. 1S42 

Wahoo Swamp, Fla. , Fight near Apr. 12, 1842 

Warrior, Defence of Steamer, on the 

Mississippi River Aug. 1, 1832 

Wcbstoi-, N. M. Figbt near Ft Feb. •. 6, 1852 

Welilca Pond, Fla., Fight at July 0, 1836 

White River, Wash., Fight on Nov. 4, 1855 

White River, Wash., Fight on Mar. 1,1856 

Wichita Village. L T., Fight near Oct. 1, 1858 

Withlacoochee, Fla., Battle of the Doc. 31, 1835 

Withlaooochee, Fights near Felt. 27-Mar. 5, 18"fl 

i Yakima River, Wash., Figlit o i \u-., 1S58 



FOUGHT BY THE U. S. ARMIES 



13 



•WAK. 1¥1TH inEXICO. 



AguaFrio, Skirmish at Nov. 2, 1847 

Amazoque, Skirmish of May 14, 1847 

Atlixco, Action of Oct. 12,1847 

Brazito. Action of. Dec. 25,1846 

Brown, Thornton's Skirmish near Ft.. Apr. 25, 1846 

Brown, Tex. , Defense of Ft May 3-9, 1 846 

Buena Vista, B.ittlo of Feb. 22-23, 1847 

Calabosa River, Combat of July 12, 1847 

Canada, Combat of Jan. 24, 1847 

Cerro Gordo, Battle of Apr. 17-18,1847 

Cerro Gordo, Defense of Convoy at Aug. 15, 1847 

Chapultepec, Storming of. Sep. 13, 1847 

Cburubusco, B;ittlo of Aug. 20,1847 

Contreras. B:ittlo of Aug. 19-20, 1847 

Embiido, Skirmish at Jan. 29,1847 

Galaxara, Skirmish at Pass of Nov. 24, 1847 

Huamanlla, Combat of Oct. 9, 1847 

Juan de los Llanos, Skirmish of .\ug. 1, 1847 

La Hoya, Skirmish of June 20, 1847 

Las Anim;is, Defense of Convoy at Aug. 19, 1847 

Matamoras, Skirmish near Apr. 19, 1846 

Matamoras, Skirmish near May 18, 1846 

Matamoras, Skirmish at Nov. 23, 1847 

Medelin, Skirmish of. Mar. 25,1847 



Mesa, Skirmish on th? Plains of Jan. 9, 1847 

Mexico, .Assault and Capt. of Cityof. .Sep.i3-14.1847 

iMera Floras. Action of. Aug. 13, 1847 

Moliuo del Rey, Battle of Sep. 8,184" 

Monterey. Battle of Sep. 21- -23, 1846 

National Bridge, D;f. ol C)nvoy at June 11, 1847 

National Bridge, Def. of Convoy at Aug. 12,1847 

Oka Lika, Skirmish of Aug. 16, 1847 

Palo Alto, Battle oC May 8, 1846 

Paso Ovij.is, Defense of Convoy at. . . . Aug. 10. 1847 

Puobla, Defense of City of Sep. 13-Oct. 12,1847 

Puebla de Taos, Assault of Feb. 4, 1847 

Puento del Medio, Skirmish of. Mar. 24, 1847 

Resaca de la Palma, Battle of Mav 9, 1847 

Sacramento, Combat of Feb. 23, 1847 

Saqualteplan, Action of Feb. 25, 1848 

Sau Antonio, Capture of Aug. 20, 1847 

San Bernardino, Skirmish at Dec. 7, 1846 

San Pa.'jqual, Combat of Dec. 6, 1846 

Sau Ga))riel River, Passage of Jan. 8, 1847 

Santa Cruz de Resales, Assault of Mar. 16, 1848 

.Santa F6, Skirmish at Jan. 4, 1848 

Talome, Defense of Convoy at June 6, 1847 

Vera Cruz, Siege of Mar. 9-29, 1847 



RE:BEr.IiIOIV OF 1861-66.* 



Abbeville, Mis., Action of Aug. 23, 1864 

Abingdon , Va, , Capture of Dec. 14, 1864 

Ackworth, Ga., Actions of. June 3-30, 1864 

Adairsville, Ga., Combat of May 17, 1864 

Aiken, S. C, Action of Feb. 11, 1865 

Aldi?, Va., Actions of June 17-27, 1863 

Alexandria, La., Action of Apr. 28, 1864 

AUatoona, Ga., Action of Oct. 5, 1864 

Allatoona Pass, Ga. , Action of June 1-2, 1864 

Amelia C. H. , Va., Action of Apr. 6, 1865 

Anderson, N. C. , Capture of Ft Feb. 18,1865 

Anderson C.'oss-Roads, Ten., Action of. .Oct. 2. 1863 

Antietam, Md., Battle of Sep. 16-17, 1862 

Apache Canon, N. M., Action of Mar. 28, 1862 

Appomattox C. H., Va., Capitulation of. .Apr. 9, 1865 
Appomattox Station, Va., Action of. . . ..ipr. 8, 1865 

Arkansas Post, Ark., Storming of J,in. 11, 1863 

Armstrong's Mills, Va. , Combat of Oct. 27, 1864 

Athens , Ala. , Action at Sep. 24, 1864 

Atlanta, Ga., Battles of July 22 and 28, 1864 

Atlanta, Ga., Siege of July 22-Sep. 2, 1864 

Auburn, Va., Action of Oct. 14, 1863 

Averysboro', N. C, Battle of Mar. 16, 1865 

Baker's Creek, Mis. , Battle of May 16, 1863 

Ball's Bluff. Va., Combat of Oct. 21, 1861 

Barrancas, Fla., Bombardment of Ft.. Nov. 22, 1861 

Bath, Va., Action of Jan. 4, 1862 

Baton Rouge, La. , Combat of Aug. 5, 1862 

Bayou Coteau, La. , Combat of Nov. 4, 1863 



Bayou Metoe, Ark., Action of Aug. 27,1863 

Bean's Station, Ten., Action of Dec. 14, 1863 

Bear River, Wash., Action of Jan. 26, 1863 

Beaver Dam, Va., Battle of June. 26, 1862 

Beaver Dam Station, Va., Action of. .May 9-10, 1864 

Bellefleld, Va., Action of Dec. 9-10, 1864 

Belmont, Mo., Combat of Nov. 7, 1861 

Bonnet's House, N. C, Capitulation at. Apr. 26, 1865 

Bentonville, N. C, Battle of Mar. 19-20, 1865 

Bermuda HundredjVa., Act's at.. May 18-Aug. 25, '64 

Berryville, Va. , Action of. Sep. 3, 1864 

Bethes la Church , Va. , Battle of May 30, 1864 

Beverly Ford, Va., Combat of June 9, 1863 

Big Bethel, Va., Action of June 10, 1861 

Big Black River, Mis., Battle of May 17. 1863 

Big Blue, Mo., Combat of Oct. 23, 1864 

Big Mound, Dak., Action of July 24, 1883 

Bisland, La., Combat of Ft Apr. 12, 1863 

Blackburn's Ford, Va. , Action of July 18, 1861 

Blakelv, Ala. , Siege of Ft .\pr. 2-9, 1865 

Blue Sjprings Ten. , Action of Oct. 10, 1863 

Boonsboro', Md., Action of July 8-9, 1863 

Boonsboro' G ip, Md. , Battle of Sep. 14, 1862 

Boonville, Mo.. Action of June 17, 1861 

Boydton Road,' Va., Combats on Oct. 27-28, 1864 

Boydton Road, Va., Combats on Mar. 30-31, 1865 

Brandon, Mis., Action of July 17, 1863 

Brandy Station, Va. , Battle of June 9, 1863 

Brandy Station, Va., Action of. Oct. 11, 1863 



« The Rebeluo.v is considered as beginning Jan. 9, 1861, when the first rebel shot was fired into the 
" Star of the West," bearing the United States flag, and terminating Aug. 12, 1866, the date of the Presi- 
dent's final proclamation that all hostilities had ceased. 

This List embraces only the principal engagements of the Rebellion, the many thousands of skirmishes 
and minor actions being omitted. Though much care has been bestowed upon its preparation, it is by no 
means perfect, for want of reliable information, which does not exist in published works, nor do the 
records of the War Department give full and entirely satisfactory data. In the classification here adopted 
the term BatlU is applied to prolonged contests of armies or large bodies, usually not less tli.an an army 
corps : Combat to a lesser battle, where a division at least w.as engaged ; and Actiiyn,tor the wnnt of a better 
appellation, or as a substitute for 4/rat>, used by some military writers, is here employed to designate a 
minor engagement between small bodies of one or a few regiments. In the summaries of services of 
graduates it will be found that these terms do not always correspond to the cla,ssiflcation in this list, which 
has been more recently prepared and with fuller information than was attainable when the former were 
written. 



14 



BATTLES, COMBATS, ACTIONS, ETC., 



RJE:BE:r,£,I01V of 1861-66. 



Brashear City, La. . Capture of June 23, 1863 

Brice's Cross-Roads, Mis., Combat of. ..lune 10, 1SG4 

BrUigeport, Ala., Action of Apr. 30, 1862 

Bristoe Station, Va., Action of Aug. 27, 1SC2 

Bristoe Station, Va. , Combat of Oct. 14, 1863 

Britton's Lane, Ton. , Action of Sep. 1, 1862 

Brown's Ferry, Tt'n., Action at Oct. 27, 1863 

Brownsville, Ark. , Action of Aug. 25, 1863 

Buclchead Creek, Ga., Action of Nov. 28, 1864 

Backland Jlills, Va, , Action of Oct. 19, 1863 

Budd's Ferry, La., Combat of Apr. 23, 1863 

Bnffliigtou Island, O., Cap. of Raidersat.July 19, 1863 

Bull Run, Va,, Battle of July 21, 1861 

Bull Run Second, Va., Battle of Aug. 29-30, 1862 

Bunker Hill, Va., Action of July 1'5, 1864 

Bunker Hill, Va., Action of Sep. 2,1864 

California, Mo., Action of Oct. 9, 1864 

Camden, Ark., Capture of Apr. 18, 1864 

Camden, Ark., Action of Apr. 24, 1864 

Camden, N. C. , Action of Apr. 19, 1862 

Canipbcll's Station, Ten. , Combat of. .Nov. 16, 186-; 

Campbellville, Ten., Action of Nov. 24, 1864 

Campti, La. , Action of Apr. 4, 1864 

Cane Hill, Ark., Combat of Nov. 28, 18U2 

Cane River Crossing, La. Combat of. .Apr. 23, 1864 

Carnifex Ftrry, W. Va., Action of Sep. 10, 1861 

Carrick's Ford,Va., Action of July 13, 1861 

Carthago, .Mo. , Action of July 5, 18i;i 

Cissville. Ga., Action of May 19-20,1864 

Catlett's Station, Va. , Rebel Raid on. .Aug. 22, 1862 

Cedar Creek, Va. , Action of Oct. 13, 1864 

Cedar Creek, Va. , Battle of Oct. 19, 1864 

Cedar Mountain, Va., Battle of Aug. 9, 1862 

Centreville, La,, Action of Apr. 13, 18;i3 

Champion Hill, Mis. , Battle of May 16. 1863 

Chancellors ville, Va., Battle of May 2-4, 18!;3 

Phantilly, Va. , Battle of Sep. 1, 1862 

Chapin's Karm, Va., Bittle of Sep. 29, 1864 

Chaplin Hills, Ky., Battle of Oct. 8, 1862 

Charles City Cross-Roads, Va., Bat. of. .Juno 30, 1862 

Charleston, S. C, Occup ition of Feb, 18, 18iJ5 

Charleslown,Va., Action of Oct. 18,1863 

Charlestown, Va,, Action of Aug 21, 1864 

Charlestown, Va., Action of Aug. 22, 1864 

Chariot, Kan. , Action of Oct. 25, 1864 

Chattahoochee, Ga. , Actions on the. .July 3-31, 1864 

Chattanooga, Ten. , Battle of , .Nov. 23-25, 1863 

Cherokee Station, Ala , Action of. ... . .Oct. 21, iS63 

Chester Station, Va. , Action of. May 9-10, 1864 

Chickamauga, Ga. , Battle of Sep. 19-20, 1S63 

Chickasaw Bayou, Mis., Action of Dec. 28, 186'2 

Chickasaw Bluffs, Mis., Assault of. Doc, 29, 1862 

CitroncUa, Ala. , Cai)itulation at May 4, 18(^5 

Clarksvillo, Ten., Capture of Sep. 7, 1862 

Clovd's Mountain, W. Va., Combat of , ,May 9, 1864 
Cold Harbor, Va., Battles of. .May 31-June 12, 1864 

Ojlliorsvillc, Ten. , Action of Oct. 11, 1863 

Columbia, Ten. , Actions at Nov. 24-29, 1804 

Columbia, S. C. , Actions of Fob. 15-17 , 1865 

Columbus, Ky. , Occupation of Mar. 4, 1862 

Columbus, Ga. , Capture-of Apr. 16, 1865 

Congareo Greek, S. C, .Action on Feb. 15, 1865 

Corintli, Mis. , Battle of ' Oct. 3-4, 1SG2 

Corinth, Mis., Siege of Apr. 30-May 30,1862 

Cotten, La., Action of Jan. 14, ISrs 

Cove Gap,Va., Action of May 10, 1864 

Crampton's Gap, Md. , C'imbat of Soil 14, 1862 

Cross Keys, Va. , Combat of June 8, 1862 

Ciilpepor C. H. , Va., Action at Sop. 13. 1863 

Gulps' Farm, Ga. , Combat of June 22, 1864 

Cumberland Gap, Ten., Capture of Sep. 10, 186:i 

Cynthiana, Ky. , Action of Juno 12, 1864 

Dabncy's Mill, Va., Battle of Feb. 5-6, 18^5 

Dallas, Ga. , Battles of May 2.')-28, 1864 

Dalton, Ga., Actions of May 9-11, 1864 

Ballon, Ga., Actions of Aug. 15-16, lSo4 

Dandridgc, Ten., Action of Jan. 17, 1864 



Darbytown Road, Va., Combat on Oct. 7, 1864 

Decatur, Ala., Defense of Oct. 2&-29, 1864 

Deep B >ltom, Va,, Combat at July 26. 1864 

Deep Bottom, Va. , Combats at Ang. 14-18, 1864 

Deep Bottom, Va., Battle of Sep. 2 ), 1804 

De Ru.=;sy, La., Assault & Capture of Fl. Mar. 14,1864 

Deserted House, Va., Action of .Ian. 30, 1863 

Diamond Hill, Va., Combat of June 17, 18i;4 

Duiwiddie C. H., Va., C )mbats of. .Mar. 30-31.' 1865 

Dog Walk, Ky. , Action of Oct. 8, 1862 

Donaldsonville, La , Action of lune 28, 1863 

Donelson, Ten., Bat. and Capt. of.. Feb. 15-16,1862 

Dranesville, Va., Action of Dec. 20, 1861 

Droop Mountain, Va. , Action of Nov. 6, 1863 

Drury's Bluli; Va., Combats of.. . . May. 12-16, 1864 

Duck River, Ten., Actions on Nov. 2), 1864 

Dug Springs, Mo. , Action of Aug. 2, 1861 

Durham Station, N. C, Capitulation at. Apr. 26, 1865 

Ebenezer Station. Ala.. Action at Ayiv. 1, 18c5 

Edwards' Station,' Mis. , Battle of May 16, 1863 

Elkhorn, Ark. , Battle ot Mar. 6-S, 1862 

Ezra Church, Ga. , Combat at July 28, 1864 

Fair Garden, Ten. . Action of Jan. 28, 1864 

Fair Oaks, Va., Battle ot Mav 31-Juno 1, 1862 

Falling Waters. Va. , Action of. Jul v 2, 18:1 

Falling Waters, Va., Action of July 14, 1863 

Farmington, Mis., Action of May 9, 1832 

Karmington, Ten., Action of Oct. 7.1853 

Farmville, Va., Combat of. Apr. 6-7, 18155 

Fayette ville. Ark., Action of Apr. 18, 1S63 

Fayetteville, N. C, Action of Mar. 10, 1865 

Fisher, N. C. , Assault & Capture of Ft. .Jan. 15, 1865 

Fisher's Hill, Va., Battle of Sep. 22,1864 

Five Forks, Va., Battle of Apr. 1, 1865 

Four Mile Creek, .Va , Action of July 28, 1864 

Framplon, S. C, Action of Oct. 22, 1862 

Franklin, len,. Defense of Apr. 10, 1863 

Franklin, Ten., Biiltle of N"V. 30, 1864 

Frederick, Md., Action of Sop. 12, 1862 

Fredericksburg, Va. , Battle of Dec. 13 1862 

Frcdericktown, .Mo. , Action of Oct. 21, 1861 

Freeman's Foid, Va. . Action of .Vug. 22, 186i 

Front Royal, Va., Action of May 23, 1862 

Front Royal, Va., Action of Aug. 16, 1864 

Funkstown, Md., Action of July 10,1863 

Gaines, Ala., Siege and Capture of Ft. .Aug. 2-8, 1864 

Gaines' .Mill, Va., Battle of June 27, 1862 

(Jaiuesville, Va. , Action of Aug. 28, 1862 

Georgia Landing, La., Action of Oct. 27, 1862 

(Gettysburg, Pa., Battle of July 1-3, 1863 

Glendale, Va., Battle of June 30, 1862 

Globe Tavern, Va., Action of. Aug. 18, 1864 

Gokling's Farm, Va., Action of .lune 27, 1862 

Goldsboro', N C. , Action of Dec. 17, 1862 

Gordon's Mills, Ga. , Action of Sop. 18, 18G3 

Grand Coteau, La. , Action of Nov. 3, 1863 

Gravelly Run, Va. , Combat of Mar. 31 , 1865 

Greenbrier River, Va., Action of Oct. 3-4, 1861 

Greenland Gap., Va., Action of Apr, 25, 1863 

Griswoldville, Ga,, Action of. Nuv. 22, 1864 

Groveton , Va. , Combat of A ug. 28, 1862 

Groveton, Va., Battle of Aug. 29-30,1862 

Guntown, Mis., Combat of .lune 10, 1864 

Guy's Gap, Ten. , Action of June 27, 1863 

Hanover, Pa., Action of Kine 30. 1861 

Hanover C. H. , Va. , Combat at May 27, 1862 

Harper's Ferry, Va., Defense of Sep. 14-15, 1862 

Harper's Ferry Arsenal, Destruc. of. ..Apr. 19, 1861 

Harrison, Va., Capture of Ft S.'p. 2!), 1864 

Hartsville, Mo., Action of Ian. 11 . 1863 

Hatcher's Run, Va., Combat of Mar. 30-;U, 1865 

Hatteras Inlet. N. C. , Cap. of works at. Ang. 29, 18G1 

Hawes' Shop, Va., Combat of Mav 28, 186): 

Helena, Ark. , Defense of luly 4, 1863 

Henry, Ten., Capture of Ft Feb. 6, 1862 

Hatcher's Run, Va. , Battle of. Feb. 6-7, 1865 

Hatcher's Bun, Va. , Combat of Oct. 27, 1864 



FOUGHT BY THE U. S. ARMIES. 



16 



RI<:JBE:L.r,IOIV of 1861-66. 



Hatcher's Run ,Va. , Combat of Mar. 25, 1865 

Hatchie, Mis., Combat on the Oct. 5, 1862 

High Bridge, Vu., Action of Apr. 7, 1865 

Hillsborough, Ca., Action of July 30-31, 1864 

Hill's Plantation, Ark., Action of July 7, 1862 

Hindman, Ark. , Storming of Ft Jan. 11, 1863 

Hollow Tree Gap, Ten., Action of Dec. 17, 1864 

Holly Spring!?, Mis., Surrender of Doc. 20, 1862 

Honey Hill, y. C. , Action of Nov. 30, 18U4 

Honey Springs, Kan., Action of July 17, 1863 

Hoover's Gup, Ten. , Actions at June 24-26, 1863 

Hunters tuwn. Pa. , Action of July 2, 1863 

Hurricano Creek, Mis. , Action on. . . . Aug. 13, 1861 

Irish Bend , La. , Action of Apr. 14, 1863 

Ironton, Mo. , ncfense of Sep. 29,1864 

Island Ten, Jlis. River, Capture of Apr. 8, 1862 

luka, Mis. , Battle of Sep. 19-20,1862 

Jackson, Ten., Action of Dec. 19, 1862 

Jackson, Mis. , Capture of May 14, 1863 

Jackson, Mis. , Occupation of July 16, 1863 

Jackson, La., Capture of Ft Apr. 28, 1862 

Jackson's Mills, N. C. , Action of Mar. 8, 1865 

James Island. .S. C, Assault at June 16, 1862 

Jenkins' Ferry, Ark. , Combat of Apr. 30, 1864 

Jericho Ford, Va., Action at May 23, 1861 

Jerusalem Roud, Va. , Combat on June 22, 1864 

Jonesboro', Ga. , Battles of Aug. 31-Sep. 1.1864 

Kearuysville, Va., Action of Aug. 26, 1864 

Kelly's Ford, Va. , Action of Mar. 17, 1863 

Kelly's Ford, Va., Combat of Nov. 7, 1863 

Keucsaw Mountain, Ga. , Bats. of. .June 10-July 2,'61 

Kettle Run, Va. , Action of Aug. 27, 1862 

Kettle Run.Va., Combat of Oct 14, 1863 

Kingston, Teu. , Action of Nov. 24, 1863 

Kinston, X. C. , Actiuu of Dec. 14, 1862 

Knoxville, Ten. , Defense of Nov. 17-Doc. 4, 1863 

Labadicville, La. , Action of Oct. 27, 1862 

La Fayette, Ga., Action of June 24,1864 

La Fourchc, La. , Action of June 20-21, 1863 

La Vergne, Ten., Actions of Dec. 26-27, 1862 

Lawrenceburg, Ten. , Action of .Xov. 22, 1864 

Lee's Mills, Va. , Action at Apr. 16, 1862 

Lewisburg, Va. , Action of May 23, 1862 

Lexington, Mo. , Action of Oct. 19, 1865 

Lexington, Mo., Defense of Sep. 12-19, 1861 

Liberty Gap, Ten., Action of Juue 24-25, 1863 

Little Blue, Mo., Action of Oct. 21, 1864 

Little Creek, N. C, Action of Nor. 3, 1862 

Little Rock, Ark., Capture of Sep. 10, 186 i 

Locust Grove, Va. , Combat of Nov. 27, 1863 

Lone Jack, Mo., Action of Aug. 16,1862 

Lookout -Mountain, Ga., Battle of.. Nov. 23-25, 1863 
Lost Mountain, Ga. , Actions of.. May 26-June 5,lS6'i 

LovejOi"'s Station, Ga. , Action of Aug. 20, 1864 

Lovejoy's Station, Ga., Battle of Sep. 2-3, 1864 

Luray Valloy, Va. , Action in Sep. 24, 18C4 

Lynchburg, Va. , Combat of June 17, 1804 

Lynnville, Ten., Action of Nov. 24, 1S64 

Macon, Ga. , Action near ■ .\ov. 20, 1864 

Macon, Ga., Capture of Apr. 20, 1865 

Macon, N. C. , Bombardment of Ft Apr. 2i>, 18i;2 

Malvern Hill, Va., Action of Aug. 5, 1862 

Malvern Hill, Va., Battle of July 1,1862 

Manassas, Va. , Battle of Aug. 29-30. 1862 

Manassas Gap, Va. , Action of July 23, 1863 

Mansfield, La., Combat of Apr. 8,1864 

Mansura, T,a., Combat of May 14, 1864 

Mariettii, Ga. , Action near Tulv 3-4, 1864 

Marion, Va. , Action of D c. i6-19, 186 1 

Marks' Mills, Ark., Action of Apr 25, 1864 

Martinsburg, Va. , Action of. July 26, 1864 

Marye's Heights, Va., Battle of May 3, 18 'j.'i 

Maysville, Ark., Action near Oct. 22, 1862 

McAllister, Ga., Assault of Ft Dec. 13, 1864 

McDov^ell, Va Action of May 8-9, 1862 

McRee, Fla., Bombardment of Ft -Vov. 23, 1861 

Meadow Bridge, Va. , Action of May 12, 1864 



Mechanicsville, Va. , Action of May 23-24, 1862 

.Mechanicsville, Va., Battle of June 26, 1862 

Medoii Station, Ten., Action of .\ug. 31, 1862 

Memphis. Ten., Action at Aug. 21,1884 

Meridian, Mis. , P.ail to Feb. 1-25,1864 

xMiddleburg, Va. , Actions of June 17-19, 1863 

Middl(! Creek, Ky. , Action of. Ian. ■), 1862 

Millikon's Bend, La., Action of Jun' 6-7, 1863 

.Mill Springs, Ky. , Combat of Ian. 19,1862 

Mine (Petersburg), Va., Explosion ol.. July 30, 1864 

Mine Creek, Kan. , Action of Oct. 25, 1864 

Mine Run.Va., Operations at.. Nov. 26-Doc. 4, 1863 
Mis.=ionary Ridge, Ten. , Battle of. .Nov. 23-25, 1863 

Mobile, Ala. , Occupation of Ajjr. 12, 1865 

Monet's Bluff, La. , Combat of. Apr. 23, 1864 

Monocacy, Md., Baltl3 of July 9,1864 

Montgomery, Ala., Capture of Apr. 13, 1865 

Mooiefleld, W. Va. , Action of Aug. 7, 1864 

Morgan, Ala. , Siege of Ft Aug. 9-23,1864 

Morganzia, La., Action of Ssp. 29, 1863 

Morris Island, S. C. , Descent upon July 10, 1863 

Morristown, Ten. , Action of Oct. 28, 1864 

Morton's Ford. Va., Demonstrations on. Feb. 6, 1864 

Mossy Creek, Ten. , Action of. Doc. 29, 1863 

Moultrie, S. C. , Evacuation of Ft Djc. 26, 1860 

xMount Crawford, Va. , Battle of Juue 5', 1864 

Mount Elba, Ark., Action of Mar. 30, 1864 

.Mount Jackson, Va., Action of Sep. 23-24, 1861 

Mount Stirling, Ky., Action of Juue 9, 1864 

.Mumfordsville, Ky., Action of Sep. 16, 1862 

Murfreesboro', Ten. , Action of July 13, 1862 

Murfreesboro', Ten., Bat. of.. Dec 31, '6-'-Jan. 3, '63 

.Murfreesboro', Ten., Actions of Dec. 5-14, 1S64 

Nashville, Ten., Action of Nov. 5, 1862 

Nashville, Ten., Battle of Dec. Vo-V\ 1854 

Neal Dow Station, Ga., Action of July 4. 1834 

Nelson's Farm, Va. , Battle of Jurie 30' 1862 

Newbern, N. C, Combat of Mar. 14, 1862 

New Creek, W. Va. Djfense of post at.. Aug. 4, 1864 
New Hope Church, Ga. , Bat. of. . May 25-June 5, '64 

Xewtonia, Mo., Action of Sep. 30, 1S62 

Newtonia, Mo. , Action of Oct. 28, 1864 

New Madrid, Mo. , Capture of Mar. 14, 1862 

New Market, Va. , Combat of May 15, 1864 

Newnan, Ga. , Action of July 30-31, 1B64 

Nolonsville, Ten., Action of Dec. 26, 1862 

Non-istown, Ten. , Action of Oct. 28, 1864 

North Anna Va. , Battles of May 23-27, 1864 

Oak Grove, Va. , Action at .June 25,' 1862 

Okolona, Mis., Action of F b. 22. 1S64 

Old Church, Va., Action of May 29-30, 18fi4 

Olustee, Fla. , Battle of Feb. 20, 1864 

Opequau, Va. , Battle of Sc>p. 19, 1864 

Orangeburg, S. C, Action of Feb. 12, 1863 

Overall's Creek, Ten., Action at Djc. 4, 1864 

Paducah, Ky., Defense of Mar. 25, 1864 

Paine's Cross-Roads, Va.. Action of. ...Apr. 4, 1865 

Panther's Gap, Ky., Action of Nov. 13, 864 

Parker's Cross-Roads, Ten., Action of. Dec. 31. 1862 

Peach Orchard, Va., Combat of June 2), 1862 

Peach-Trce Creek, Ga., Battle of July 19-20, 1864 

Pea Ridge, Ark., Battle of Mar. 6-8, 1862 

Peebles' Farm, Va., Battle of Sep. 30. 1864 

Pc'ralta, N. M., Action of. April 15^ 1862 

Petersburg, Va., Assaults of Junfe 15-16, 1864 

Petersburg, Va., Siege of June 16, '64-Api-. 3, '65 

Petersburg (Minc),Va., Assault of.. . .July 30, 1864 

Perryville. Ky., Battle of Oct. 8, 1862 

Phillippi, \V. Va., Action of June 3, 1861 

Pickens, Fla., Bombardment of Ft.. Nov. 22-23, 1861 

Piedmont, Va. , Battle of June 6,1861 

Pillow, Ten., .Massacre of Ft Apr. 12, 1864 

Puic Bluff, Ark., Defense of Oct. 25, 1863 

I'ine Mountain, Ga. , Actions of. . . .June 1-1-16. 1864 
Pittsburg Landing, Ton., Battlcof . . .Apr. 6-7, 18.')2 

Pleasant Hill, La, Battle of Apr. 9, 1864 

Plymouth , N. C. , Defense of Apr. 18-20, 1864 



16 



BATTLES, COMBATS, ACTIONS, ETC, 



REBETililON OF 1861-66. 



Pocotaligo, S. C, Action of Jan. 14,1865 

Ponchatoula, La. , Action of Mar. 26, 1863 

Poplar Spring Church, Va., Battle of. .Sep. 30, 1864 

Port Gibson, Mis., Battle ot May 1, 1863 

Port Hudson, La. . Assaults of.May 27 & June 14, 1863 

Port Hudson, La.', Siege of May 24-July 8, 1863 

Port Republic, Va., Action of June 13, 1862 

Port Royal Ferry, S. C, Action near. ..Apr. 9, 1863 

Prairie D'Ana. Ark., Combat of Apr. 17, 1864 

Prairie Grove, Ark., Battle of Dec. 7, 1862 

Pulaski, Ga., Bombardment of Ft. .Apr. 10-11, 1862 

Raccoon Ford, Va., Actions of Sep. 14-16, 1863 

Rappahannock, Va., Actions on the. .Aug. 18-25, 1862 
Rappahannock Station, Va., Battle of.. Nov. 7, 1863 

Raymond, Mis., Battle of May 12, 1863 

Reams' Station, Va., Action of June 29, 1864 

Reams' Station, Va., Action of. Aug. 23, 1864 

Reams' Station, Va., Battle of Aug. 25, 1864 

Resacca.Ga., Battle of May 13-15, 1864 

Rice's Station, Va., Action of Apr. 6,1865 

Richmond, Ky., Combat of. Aug. 30, 1862 

Richmond, Va., Action near May 12, 1864 

Rich Mountain, W. Va., Action of..... July 11, 1861 

Ringgold, Ga., Action of Sep. 11,1863 

Ringgold, Ga., Combat of Nov. 27,1863 

Ripley, Mis., Action at July 7, 1864 

Rivers' Bridge, S. C, Action of Feb. 3,1865 

Roanoke Island, N. C. , Capture of Feb. 8, 1862 

Roanoke Station, Va., Action of June 25, 1864 

Robertson's Tavern, Va., Action of. ..Nov. 27, 1863 
Rocky-Faced Ridge, Ga., Actions of.Feb. •:3-26,1864 
Rocky-Faced Ridge, Ga., Actions of. .May 8-11, ISGl 

Rocky Gap, Va., Action of Aug. 26-27. 1S63 

Rogersville, Ten., Action of Nov. 6, 1863 

Rome, Ga. , Action of. May 17-18, 1864 

Rome,Ga., Action of Oct. 13, 1864 

Romney, W. Va. , Action of. Oct. 26,1861 

Rnsecrans, Ten., Defence of Ft Dec. 5-7, 1864 

Russell's House, Mis., Action of May 17, 1862 

Sabine Cross-Roads, La. , Combat of Apr. 8, 1864 

Sailor's Creek, Va,, Battle of Apr. 6, 1865 

St. Marv's Church, Va., Action of June 30,1864 

Salem Heights, Va., Battle of May 3-4,1863 

Sal isbury, N. C. , Capture of Apr. 12 , 1865 

Salkahatchie River, S. C, Action of Feb. 3, 1865 

Salt vill, Va. , Attack on Oct. 2, 1864 

Sanders, Ten., Assault of Ft Nov. 29, 1863 

Santa Rosa Island, Fla., Action of Oct. 9, 1861 

Savage Station, Va., Battle of June 29, 1862 

Savannah. Ga., Siege of Dec. 10-21, 1864 

Seccssionville, S. C, A.ssault of June 16, 1862 

Selma, Ala., Assault and Capture of. . . .Apr. 2, 1865 

Seven Pines, Va., Battle of May 31-June 1, 1862 

Sharpsburg, Md., Action of Sep. 18-19,1862 

Shelby ville, Ten., Action of. June 27, 1863 

Shophcrdstown, Va., Action of Sep. 19-20, 1862 

Shepherdsto wn , Va., Action of July 16, 1863 

Shephordstown, Va., Action of Aug. 25, 1864 

Shiloh,Ten., Battle of Apr. 6-7, 1862 

Ship's Gap, Ga., Action of Oct. 16, 1864 

Smithfield,Va., Actions of .Aug. 28-29, 1864 

Smyrna Station, Ga., Action of July 4, 1864 

Snake Creek Gap, Ga. , Action of Oct. 15, 1864 

Snicker's Gap, Va., Action of July 17-18, 1864 

S'UTieiBct, Kv., Action of Mar. 30, 1863 

South Mountain, Md., Battle of. Sep. 14, 1862 

South-West Creok , N. C. , Action of. . . .Dec. 13, 1862 



Spanish, Ala. , Siego of Ft Mar. 27-Apr. 8, 1865 

Spottsylvania, Va. , Battles of May 8-21, 1864 

Springdeld, Mo., Action of Jan. 8, 1863 

Spring Hill, Ten., Action of Nov. 29,1864 

Steadman, Va., Battle of Ft Mar. 25, 1865 

Stevens D. C. , Actions of Ft July 11-12, 1864 

Stone River, Ten., Battles of. .Dec. 31, '62-Jan. 3, '63 
Stony Creek Station, Va., Action of. . .Juno 28, 1864 
Strawberry Plains, Ten., Act's of. .Nov. 18-20, 1864 

Suffolk, Va., Defense of Apr. 10-May 4, 1863 

Sulphur Springs,Va. , Actions near . .Aug. 22-29, 1862 

Sutherland Station, Va., Action of Apr. 2, 1865 

Sumter, S. C. , Bombardment of Ft.. Apr. 12-13, 1861 

Swift Creek, Va., Actions at May 8-10,1864 

Symmesport, La., Action of May 18-19, 1864 

Tah-kah-o-kuty, Dak., Combat of July 28, 1864 

Thompson's Station, Ten. , Action of. . . .Mar. 5, 1863 
Thoroughfare Gap., Va., Actions ol.Aug. 27-28, 1862 
Tishamingo Creek, Mis., Combat of, . . June 10, 1864 

Todd's Tavern, Va., Combat of May 7, 1864 

Tolopotomy, Va., Battles of May 28-31, 1864 

Tom's Brook, Va. , Actions of Oct. 8-9, 1864 

Town Creek, N. C. , Action of Feb. 20, 1865 

Trevillian Station, Va., Battle of.. .June 11-12, 1864 

Triune, Ten. , Action of June 11, 1863 

Tupelo, Mis., Action of July 13-15, 1864 

Turner's Gap., Md., Battle of Sep. 14,1862 

Utoy Creek, Ga., Combat at Aug. 5, 1864 

Valverde, N. M., Combat of. Feb. 21, 1862 

Vermilion Bayou, La., Action of Apr. 17,1863 

Vicksburg, .Mis., Assaults of May 19 & 22, 1863 

Vicksburg, Mis., Siege of May 19-July 4, 1863 

Wagner, S. C, Assaults of Ft July 11 & 18, 1863 

Wagner, S. C, Capture of Ft Sep. 6,1863 

Walker's Ford, Ten., Action of Dec. 2,1863 

Wauhatchie, Ten. , Combat of Oct. 28-29, 1863 

Wapping Heights, Va., Action of July 23, 1863 

Washington, D. C, Defense of July 10-14, 1864 

Washington , N. C. , Defense of Sep. 6, 1862 

Waynesboro', Va. , Action of. Sep. 28, 1864 

Waynesboro', Va., Action of. Dec. 4, 1864 

Weldon Railroad, Va., Battle of... Aug. 18-21, 1864 

West Point, Mis. , Action of Feb. 21, 1864 

West Point, Va., Combat of May 7-8, 1862 

Whitehall, N. C, Action of. Dec. 16, 1862 

White Oak Road, Va^ Combats of. .Mar. 30-31, I860 

White Oak Swamp, Va. , Battle of June 28, 1862 

White Oak Swamp, Va. , Action of June 13, 1864 

White Stone Hill, Dak., Action of Sep. 8, 1863 

Wilderness, Va. , Battles of May 5-6, 1864 

Williamsburg, Va., Battle of May 5, 1862 

Williamsport, Md., Action of July 6-7, 1863 

Wilmington, N. C. , Capture of Feb. 22, 1865 

WiLsou's Creek, Mo., Battle of Aug. 10, 1861 

Winchester, Va. , Combat of Mar. 23, 1862 

Winchester, Va., Combat of June 15, 1863 

Winchester, Va., Action of July 20, 1864 

Winchester, Va., Action of July 23-24, 1864 

Winchester, Va. , Action of Aug. 16-17, 1864 

Winchester, Va., Battle of Sep. 19,1864 

Wise's Forks, N. C, Actions of Mar. 8-10,1865 

Woodbury, Ten. , Action of Apr. 1 , 1863 

Wythevillo, Va., Action of .May 10, 1864 

Yazoo Expedition, Mis Feb .2-Apr. 5, 1863 

Vellow Bayou, La. , Action of May 18-19, 1862 

Yellow Tavern , Va. , Action of May 11 , 1864 

Yorktown, Va., Siege of Apr. 6 to Majr 4, 1862 



FORTS, ARSENALS 



MILITARY POSTS 



UNITED STATES. 



MILITARY POSTS 



UNITED STATES. 



FORTS, ARSENAI^S, ANO MIMTARY POS 1!$. 



Abekcrombie, Fobt Dak.. 

Adams, Fort R I.. 

Adams, Fokt JIiss.. 

Adams, T. B., Fort Fla. . 

AuuxT, Fort Va . . . 

AiBUQrERQUK, Post N. M. 

Alcatraz Island, Post . .Cal. . 
Alexander, Battery .... Md. . . 

Alexander, Fort Md. . 

Alexan-dhr, Fort Dak.. 

Alleghany Arsenal . . . .Pa. . . 

Amaxd.v, Fort Orao . 

Anderson, Camp Cal.. 

Anderson, Fokt N. C. 

Andrew, Fort ilAS.. 

Andrews, Fort Fla . . 

Angel Islant), Post Cal. . 

Ann, Fort Fla.. 

Anne, Fort N. Y. 

Anmitteeliga, Fort Fla.. 

Appalachicola Arsenal.. Fla . 
Arbuckle, Fort I T. . 

Arbcckle, Old Fort . . . .1. T. . 

Arbuckle, Fort Fla.. 

Argtle, Fort Ga. . . 

A7oa=TEAD, Fort Fla. . 

AK5nsTB.\D, Fort Ten. . 

Armstrong, Fort Al.\ . . 

Armstrong, Fort Fia. . 

Armstrong. Fort III. . 

Atkinson, Fort Fla. . 

Arkinson, Fort Iowa. 

AiKuraoN, Fort Kan. . 



Left bank of Red River of the North, about 13 miles north of mouth 

of the Ottertail River, and 21 miles north of Graham's Point. 
Ou Brentou's Point, east side of entrance to Newport harbor, H. I. 
Now a Post Village of that name, in Wilkinson Co.. on left bank of 

Mississippi River, below the mouth of Buffalo B:xy. 
Temiwrary fort in Florifla War, right bank of the Caloosahatchee, 

about 7 miles from Lake Flirt. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of the Potomac 
Barracks at Albuquerque, N. M. 
Fortifijd Island in Sau Francisco harbor. 
One of the defenses of Washington. D. C, north of the Potomac, 

near Fort Sumner. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, north of the Potomac 

(now Redoubt Davis). 
Lett bank of the Yellow Stone River. 
At I^wrencevillo, on the left bank of the Alleghany River, 2| miles 

above Pittsburg. 
Left bank of Auglaize River, m Allen C)., 55 miles from Fort 

Djfiance. 
Midway between Areata and Fort Gaston, Cal. 
Site of Fort St. Philip, on right bank of Capa Fe.ar River, at Old 

Brunswick. (Rebel work.) 
Gwiuet Poiut, north Pi;le of entrance to Plymouth harbor, a little 

east of Fort Standish. 
Temporary work constructed in Florida War on the left bank of the 

Fcnuhallawa, 6 miles above its mouth, on the Gulf of Mexico. 
Fortified Island iu San Francisco harbor. 

Left bank of Indian River, near north end of Morrit's Island, E. Fla. 
Lett bank of WooJ Creek, 11 miles south of Whitehall. 
Temporary work constructed in Florida War. 
At Chattahoochee, head of Appalachicola River. 
Near right bank of Wild Horse Creek, abojt 5 miles from its mouth 

on the Washita River. 
On the right bank of the Canadian River, about due north from Fort 

Arbuckle. 
Head (if a small lake, about 18 miles north, and tributary of Lake 

Istokpoga, 75 miles oast of Tampa Bay. 
Right bank of the Ogeechee River, about 4 miles above the mouth of 

the Caunoucheo River. 
Temporary work constructed in Florida War. 
Temijorary work constructed in Creek War. 
Lfit b:ink of the i oosa River, 1 mile north of the mouth of Spring 

Creek and li miles S. W. from Galesville on the Chattooga River. 
Temporary work, on Dado's litttle Groun I, Sumter Co 
On the west end of Rock Island, in tho Mississippi River, between 

Rock Island City and Davenports 
Tempo.-ary w irk erected in the Florida War, 3 miles west of Charles 

Forry, on the Suwauee Kiver, Lafayette Co. 
Right bank of north tork of Turkey River, in Winnesheik Co., noar 

mouth of Spring Creek. 
Left bank of Arkansas River 26 miles below the '' Crossiug." 



20 



MILITARY POSTS OF TH: 



FORTS. AKSEIVAIiS, AND MIt,ITARV POSTS. 



Atklvson, Fokt Neb. . . 

ACBRSV, Fort Kan. . . 

ADGOsii Arsenal Ga — 

Babbitt, Camp Cal. . . 

Bailey, Battery Md. . . 

Bakbridgb, Fort Ala. . . 

Baker, Fort .^ .D. C . . 

Baker, Fort Va — 

Ball, Foet Oiuo. . 

BAKBOtjE, Fort Fla. . . 

Barker, Fort Fla . . . 

Barnard, Fort Va — 

Barnum, Fort Ga 

Barra-ncas, Fort Fla . . . 

BARRKn, Fort Arl . . 

Barrlngto.v, Fort Ga — 

Basoom, Fort N. JL . 

Basinger, Fort Fla. . . 

Batox Rouge Arsenal. . .La. . . . 

Baton Rouge Barracks . .La 

Bayard , Foet D. C . . 

Bayard, Fort N. M. . 

Beauregard, Fort S. C. . . 

Beauregard, Fort S. C. . , 

Beauregard, Foet Va. . . . 

Belknai', Fort Tex. . . 

Bellefontaine Barrack.s . Mo . . , 

Belling HAM, Fort Wash. 

Bellona Arsenal Va. . . 

Be.mcia Arsenal Cal. . , 

Benicia Barracks Cal. . , 

BENXErr, Fort Va. . . , 

Ben.'^on, Battery Md. . . 

Benton Barracks Mo . . , 

Berry, Fort Va 

Berthold, Fort Dak . , 

Bidvv'ell, Fort Cal. . , 

Bienvenue, Battery La. . . . 

Blabdell, Fort Va 

Blakely, Fort Ala . . . 

Blenkeb, Fort Va 

Buss, Fort Tex. . , 

Boisjbe, Fort Ida. . . 

B'JONE, Fort Ky 

Bowie, Fort Ari... 

BowvER, Fokt Ala. . , 

BuY^LE, Fort Ky 

Braden, Fort Fla. . , 

Brady, Fort Micu. . 

Bragg, Fort Cal. 

Br^\zos River, Post on...Te.x. .. 

Breckeniudge, Fokt. N. .M. 

Biudger, Fort Utah. . 

Brooke. Fort Vi^ . . . 

Brooke. Frank. Fort . . .Fla. . , 



Right bank of Missouri River, near Council Bluffs. 

Left bauK of the Arkansas, 50 miles east of Fort Lyon, at Big Tim 

bers. 
At Augusta City, right bank of Savannah River. 

Near Visalia, Tulare Co. 

One of the defenses of Washington, D. C. , north of the Potomac. 

Russell Co., on the dividing ridge between the tributaries of lhc> 

Chattahoochee and Tallapoosa, 17 miles S. E. of Tuskegee. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of the Potomac, and east of 

the " Eastern Branch. " 
Now Fort Ethan Allen, one of the defenses of Washington, D. C. 

south of the Potomac. 
Left bank of tlie Sandusky River, at the little town of Oakley, nearly 

opposite Tiffin, Seneca Co. (Stockade built in 1812.) 
Temporary post established in Florida War, on the left bank of the 

Appalachicola, near Aspalaga. 
Near left bank of Esteinhatchco River, 9 miles S. W. of Fort Ma- 
comb : established in Florida War. 
One of tue defenses of Washington, D. C, south of the Potomac. 
Okeeflnokee Swamp ; temporary post established in Florida War. 
Site of Spanish Fort "San Carlos de Barrancas," north side of Pen- 

sacola Bay, 1% miles west of Warrington Nav.v Yard. 
Pincas Village, 100 miles west of Fort Breckenridge. 
Left bank of the Alatamaha River opposite the Island, 2 miles below 

St. Saville, Mcintosh Co. 
Right bank of Canadian River. 
Temporary work in Florida War ; right bank of the Kissimmeo River, 

17 miles S. E. from its mouth on Lake Okeechobee. 
Left bank of Mississippi River, at Baton Rouge. 
Lett bank of Mississippi River, at Baton Rouge. 
One of the defenses of Washiugton, north of the Potomac. 
Near Pinos Altos, 40 miles N. W. , of Fort Cummings. 
On Sullivan's Island, at the northern entrance to Charleston harbor. 

(Rebel work.) 
South end of Phillip's Island, Port Royal entrance. (Rebel work.) 
Near Leesburg, Va. (Rebel work.) 

Left bank of Brazos River, 11 miles above mouth of Clear Fork. 
Right bank of Missouri River, about 5 miles above its mouth. 
On Bellingham Bay, near the mouth of Frazer's River. 
On James River, above Richmond, in Chesterfield Co. (Broken up.) 
Benicia, Solono Co. 

Straits of Carquinez, connecting bays of San Pablo and Suisun. 
One of the defenses of Washiugton, D. C, south of the Potomac. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, north of the Potomac. 
St. Louis, Mo. ; established during the Rebellion. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of the Potoman. 
Left bank of Missouri River, 21 miles below the mouth of Little 

Missouri, opposite mouth of " Dancing Bear River." 
N. E. end of Surprise Valley, Siskigou Co. 
Right bank of Bayou Bienvenue, about 1 mile from its mouth at Lake 

Borgne ; to defend pass to New Orleans. 
One of the Rebel defenses before Petersburg. 
Left bank of Blakely River, opposite the mouth of Tonsaw River. 

(Built by Rebels to defend Mobile.) 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of the Potomac (now 

Fort Reynolds). 
Loft bank of the Rio Grande, near Franklin, Tex., and opposite El 

Paso, Mex (formerly El Paso Post). 
Boisoe River Valley, 45 miles above tho mouth of the river. 
Near Frankfort, Ky. (Built during the Rebellion.) 
Apache Pass, Arizona. 
Site of prescut Fort Morgan, Mobile Point. 
Miildraiigh's Hill, northern bound:u'y, between Marion and Greene 

Counties ; built during the Rebellion. 
Temporary post on the left bank of the Ocklockonoo River, on the 

road from, and 18 miles S. W. of I'allahassee. 
Right bank of Sault Sainte Marie, at the " Falls." 
.North 2 miles of Noyar River, and 50 miles south of tho Meiuloeiuo. 
At I'liautotn Hill, 250 miles N. W. of Austin. (See Fort Phantom Hal.) 
Formerlv Fort Aravaypa, now Fort (iranl. 
Valley oi' Black's Fork, 100 inilcsoast of Salt Lake City. 
H"ad ol Tdinp I Bay, east of the mouth of Hilsboro' Riv t at Tampa. 
Head of Dead Man's Bay, on right bank of Esteiuhatchoo River. 



UNITED STATES. 



21 



FORTS, ARSENALS, AND MII^ITARY POSTS. 



Brooks. Fort Fla . . 

Bross, Fort Va .. . 

Browne, Fort Fuk. 

Brown, Fort Omo. 

Browx, Fort Tex . . 

BrcHANAK, Fort N. II . 

BiCKEVE, Fort Fla. . 

Buffalo, Barracks N. Y, 

BrFFALo, Fort Va. . . 

BuFORD, Fort Dak. 

BrFORD, Camp Ida. . 

BrFORD, JOH.V, FOKT Dak. 

Br.NKER Hill, Fort D. C. 

BuRGWix, Canto.nsiext ..N. M. 

Butler, Camp III. . 

Butler, Fort Fla. . 

Butler, Fort La... 

Btixgton, Fort Ten. . 



CaI)T. Camp Cal... 

Calhoun, Fort Keb. . 

Calhoun, Fort Va. . . 

Call, Fort Fla. . 

Cameron, Battery D. C. 

Camero.v, Camp Art. . 

Canbt, Fort X. .\I. 

Capro.v, Fort Fla . . 

Carlisle, Barracks Pa. . . 

Carroll, Fort P. C. 

Carroll, Fori Fla.. 

Carroli., Fort Md. . . 

Cascades, Fort Wash. 

Ca«et, Fort Fi-4 . . 

Caspar, Fort Dak. . 

Cass, Fort Ten.. 

Cass, Fort Va. . . 

Castine, Battery at Me. . . 

Caswell, Fort N. C. 

Center, Fort Fla. . 

Chadbourne, Fort Tex. . 

Chasiplain Arsenal Vt. . . 

Chapun, Fort. D. C. 

Charleston Arsenal S. C. . 

Ch,\rlotte, Fort Ala. . 

Chase, Camp Ohio.. 

Chauncey, Fort N. T. 

Chehaus, FoiiT Wash. 

Chipdla, Fort Fl,v . . 

Chokkonikla, Fort. Fla . . 

Christjlvs, Fobt Fla.. 

CHURonn.L, Fort Nkv. . 

Claiborne Fort Ala. . 

Clark, Fort III... 

Cu4Rk, Fort N. C. 

Clark, Fort Tex . . 



Tomporary work in Florida War. on the left bank of the Ooklawaha 

Kiver, north of the mouth of Orange Lake Creek. 
Onn of tlie Rebel defenses before Petersburg. 
Tempiirary work constructed iu Florida War, 10 miles due east of 

Pilatka, on St. John's River. 
At the junction of the Auglaize and Little Auglaize River, Paulding 

Co., 16 miles south of Fort Defiance. 
Left bank of the Kio Grande, Brownsville, Tex. , opposite Matamo- 

ras, Mex. 
Near Calabasas Rancho, 45 miles S. E. of Tucson, Ari. 
Source of the Esteinhatchee River ; temporary work in the Florida 

War. (6ref Fort Barker.) 
Erected at Buff.ilo, during Canada Border disturbances on the 

eastern extremity of Lake Erie. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C. , south of the Potomac. 
Left hank of the Missouri River, 5 miles above the mouth of Yellow 

Stone River (old Fort Union). 
Junction of the Snake and Bruneau Rivers. 
Near Lodge Pole Creek Route, 2 miles east of Big Laramie. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, north of the Potomac. 
Near the source of the Rio Grande, 9 miles north of Taos. 
Springfield ; established during the Rebellion. 
Loft bank of St. John's River, opposite Volusia; temporary post 

established in the Florida War. 
Doiiaidsonville, La., right bank of the Mississippi, east side of mouth 

of Bayou Lafourcne. (Built during the Rebellion.) 
One of the defenses of Knoxville. west of the city, and north of the 

Holston Rivec 

Fort Mojave road, 150 miles west of Wilmington. 
Right bank of the Missouri River, 17 miles above Omaha City. 
Rip R;ips, Hampton Roads, mouth of James River (now Fort Wool). 
Temporary fort on the right bank of Sante Fe River, 8 miles due north 

from Ncwnansville. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of the Potomac. 
Foot of Santa Rita Mountains, 15 miles X. W. of Tubac. 
Temporary fort established in Navajo Country. 
Right bank of Indian River, opposite Indian River Inlet. 
Near Carlisle. (Cavalry School for Practice.) 
One of the defenses of Washington, S. E from Giesboro' Point. 
Right bank of the N. E branch of Pease Creek ; temporary fort estab 

lished in the Florida War. 
In the Patapsco River, 8 miles below Baltimore. 
Right bank of Columbia River, below the rapids. 
Temporary fort at Charlotte harbor. 
Platte Bridge, left bank of North Fork of Platte River 
Temporary fort estab ish d iu Creek War. 
One of the defenses o: Wi=hington, D. C, south of the Potomac. 
East side of Penobscot Biv. entrance to C.istine harbor and Penob- 
scot river, 9 miles from Belfast on the opposite bank. 
East end of Oak Island, mouth of Cape Fear River. 
Temporary fort on the left bank of the Thlathlopopkahatchie. 

3 miles from its month on the Okeechobee Lake. 
Near left bank of Oak Creek, about 17 miles above its junction with 

the Red Fork of the Colorado. 
At Vergennes, Addison Co. 

One of the defeases of Washington, S. E. from Benning's Bridge. 
In Charleston Citv. 
At Mobile. (O'.d and effaced.) 
Near Columbus ; established during the Rebellion. 
Old fort at Saokett's Harbor, N. Y., on Lake Ontario. 
Lower Chchalis, Gray's harbor. 
Temporary fort established in Florida War. 
Tomporary fort near mouth of Payne's Creek, established in Florida 

War. 
Temporary fort midway on the road between Forts McNeil and Lane, 

established in Florida War. 
Right blink of Carson River, 25 miles from Virginia City. 
Left bank of Alabama River, at the bend, a little below the mouth o( 

Limestone Creek. 
Right bank of Illinois River at Peoria (old Peoria Fort). 
Hatteras Inlet. (Built by the Rebels. y 
Source of the Las Moras River, about 25 miles from its mouth. 



22 



MILITARY POSTS OF THE 



FORTS, ARSENAIiS, AN» ITIIMTARir POSTS. 



Clarke, Fort Dak. . , 

Clarke, Fort Fla . . . 

Clarke, Fort Fla... 

Clarke, Fort Iowa. . 

t'LiNcn, Fort Fla. . . 

Clinch, Fort Fla. . . 

Cllvch, Fort Fla . . . 

Clln'CH, Fort Fla. . 

Cij.vrov, Castle N. Y., 

Clintox, Fort N. Y. , 

Cllxton, Fort N. Y. 

Cobb, Fort L T... 

Cock Hill. Fort N. Y. 



CoFFFE, Fort I. T. . . 

Colorado, Camp Tex. . . 

CoLUiiBiA, Barracks Wash. 

Coi.vMBUS, Aksexal Ohio. . 

CoLLMBCs, Fort N. Y. . 

CoLviLLE, Fort Wash . 

CosisTOCK, Fort. Tex. . . 

CoNA.ST, Fort Mas. . . 

Co.NCHO, Camp Tex. . . 

CONDE, Fort Ala... 

Confederation, Fort. . . .Ala. . . 
Connor, Fort Dak . . 

Conrad, Fort N. M. . 

Constitdtion, Fort N. H. . 

CoNSTrrunoN, Fort N. Y. . 

Cooke, Camp. . , Mon. . . 

Cooper, Fort Fla. . . 

Cooper, Camp Tex. . . 

CoRCORAK, Fort Va. . . . 

Covington, Fort Mu. .. 

Covington, Fort N. Y. . 

Craig, Fort N'. M , 

Crane, Fort Fla. . . 

Craig, Fort Va. . . , 

Cr^iwford, Fort Fla . . . 

Crawford, Fort Wis . . 

CmnENDEN, Fort Utah , 

Croghan, Fort Iowa. , 

Croghan, Fort Tex. . , 

Crook, Fort Cal. . 

Cross, Fort Fla... 

Cross, Fort Fla.. 

Cross, Rkdoubt Md.... 

CuMMiNGS, Fort F"la. . 

CoMMiNGS, Fort M. M. . 

Dade, Fort Fla. . 



Dakota, Fort Dak. 

Dallas, Fort Fla. 

Dalles, Fort Or. . 

Darling, Fort Va. . 

Davenport, Fort Fla. 



Right bank of the Missouri, 8 miles below the mouth of Big Knife 

Kivor, at Roe Village. 
Temporary fort during' Florida War, on the left bank of the Ocilla 

River, 10 miles above its mouth. 
Temporary fort during Florida War, in the vicinity of AUchu 

Prairie, about 12 mili'S S. E. from Newnansvilie. 
Right bank of Lizard River, in Webster Co., near its mouth. 
Near ren.sacola, 14 miU's Irnm Barrancas. 

Right bank of the Withlacooeliie River, 8 miles above its mouth. 
Temporary fort, 62 miles east of Tampa Bay, on the X. W. end of 

Lake Locha Popk;i. 
No-.thern extremity of Amelia Island, Cumberland Sound, and en- 
trance to St. Mary's River, north of Fernandina. 
Battery at the southern extremity of New York city, called '■ Castle 

Garden." 
Right bank of Hudson River, at West Point. 
Right bank of Hudson River, 6 miles below West Point. 
Junction of Pond Creek and Washita River. 
Left bank of the Hudson, in ihe extreme northern limits of New 

York city. 
Swallow Rock, in the Arkansas River, 12 miles S, W. of Fort Smith. 
Near Colorado River, on road from Forts Mason and Belknap. 
Eight bank of Columbia River (now called Fort Vancouver). 
Columbus, Franklin Co. 

Governor's Island, New York harbor. {See Fort Jay.) 
Left bank of Columbia River, in Colville Valley. 
One of the defenses of Knoxville, north boundary of the city. 
Western side of Gloucester harbor, at •' Stage Head." 
Right bank of Salt Fork, 17 miles from its mouth, on the Concho 

River. 
Au old fort at Mobile, Alabama. 

In Sumter Co., right bank of the Tombigbee, at Jones' Bluff. 
Right bank of Powder River, 180 miles north of Fort Laramie (now 

Fort Reno). 
Valverde, in Socorro Co. 
Right bank of entrance to Portsmouth harbor, opposite Fort Mc- 

Clary. 
Left bank of Hudson River, opposite West Point. 
Right bank of Missouri River, mouth of the Judith. 
Temporary fort 13 miles south of Clinch's Battle Ground, on the 

Withlacoochie, established in Florida War. 
Adjacent to the left bauk of Clear Fork of Brazos River, 5 miles east 

of the mouth of Otey's Creek. 
Cue of the defenses of Washington, D. C. , south of the Potomac. 
Patapsco River, near Fort McHenry. 

Left bank of Salmon River, at French Mills, Franklin Co. (Effaced.) 
Right bank of Rio Grande, 8 miles below Fort Conrad. 
Temporary fort near the head of Uike Pithlochoco, about 7 miles 

uorlh of -Micanopy, established in Florida War. 
One of the defenses of Washington, south of the Potomac. 
Temporary fort on the left bank of Manatee River, 17 miles from 

Fort Hamer, established iu Florida War. 
Left bank of Jlississippi River, near Prairio du Chion. 
Cedar Valley, 44 miUw west of Salt Lake City (formerly Camp Floyd). 
L(!ft bank of Missouri River, near Council Blulfs. 
Right bank of Hamilton Creek, 14 miles from its mouth. 
Right bank of Fall Rivc-i', 7 miles north of Pitt Riv3r. 
Temporary fort established in Florida War, 21 miles S. W. from Fort 

Armstrong, and 19 miles N. W. from Fort Dade. 
Palm Point, on the Gulf Coast, N. W. from Gipc Sable, near old Fort 

Poinsett. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, north of the Potomac. 
Temporary fort established in Florida War, midway on the road 

between Forts Davenport and Sullivan. 
Cook's Springs, eastern end of Cook's Cafitm. 

I/)ft bank of the Withlacoochoe, on the road south, and 13 miles from 
Dade's liittle Ground, temporarily occupied iu Florida. War. 

Left bank of Big Sioux River, at Sioux Falls. 

On Key Biscayno Bay, ou left bank of Miami River, at its mouth. 

Left bauk of the CoUinibia River, at the " Dalles." 

Right hank of the James at Druiy's Bluff, 9 miles south of Richmond. 
(Built by Rebels.) 

Temporary tort on right bank of Reedy Creek, opposite mouth of 
Davenport Creek ; established in Florida War. 



UNITED STATES. 



23 



FORT.S, ARSEIVAIiS, AND ]n[Il.ITARV PO.STS. 



Da\ts, Fort DC. 

Davis, Fort Tex.. 

Pavr:, Fort Va. . . 

Davisox, Fort Va. . . 

Davis, Kedocbt Md. . . 

DE.VRBORR, Fort Ga. . . 

Dearporn, Fort ; III. . . 

Dbcatur, Fort Ala. . 

DEnA>-cE, Fort N. M. 

Dekia.vce, Fort Omo . 

Da ICalb, Fort Va. . . 

Deufield, Battery S. C. . 

Delaware, Fort Del. . 

DiiPosiTE. Fort Ala.. 

De RussT, Fort D. C. 

Des Moixes, Fort Iowa. 

Detroit Arsenal Mien . 

Detroit Barracks Mich. 

Devxacd, Foet Fla. . 

Diamont), Fort N. Y. 

DiCKERSox, Fort Tsx. . 

Disappoixtmext, Cape. . . . Wash. 
DoAXE, Fort Fi.a. . 

Dodge, Fort Iowa. , 

Dodge, Fort Kan. . , 

DoxELSOx, Fort Tex. . , 

Douglas, Camp III. . . , 

Doi'GLAS, Camp Utah . , 

DowxixG. Fort Fla. . , 

Draxe, Fort Fla. . . 

Drum Barracks C^vl. . . 

Drum, Camp Or.... 

Drum. Fort ....Fla... 

Drum, Simox, Fort Fla. . . 

DuAXE, Fort & C. . . 

DUI.A.VEY. Fort Fla.. . 

DuxcAX, Fort Tbx. . . 

Du Poxt, Foht D. C . . 

DuPRB, Tower La. . . . 

Dn QuESXE, Fort Pa. , . . 

DcsuAXE, Fort Va.. . . 

Dutch Islaxt), Fort at. .R. I 

Early, Fort Ha, . . . 

EIasterx Poixt, Fort at . .Mas. . 
EcoxFixEE, Fort Fla. . . 

Edgkcomb, Fort Mb . . . 

Fdwards. Fort III. . . 

El Dor.\dj, Camp Ari. , . 

Eli^worth, Fort Kax. . 

Ellsworth, Fort Va . . . 

El Paso, Post at Te.x . . 

F.SPERAXZA, Fort Tex . . 



One of the defenses of Washington, east of the Eistcrn Branch. 
In the forks at the Head of I.impia Rivor, tributary of the Rio Pecos, 
37 miles north of San Estavan and 475 miles N. W. of lian Antonio. 
One of the Kchel defenses before Petersburg. 
Oue of the Rebel defenses before Petersburg. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C.. north of Potomac, formerly 

Fort Alexander. 
Temporary fort established in Florida War, 13 miles S. E. from Fort 

Floyd. 
Chicago, on the west shore of Lake Michigan. 
Left bank of the Tallapoosa River, about 3 miles below the mouth of 

the Ufoupee Creek, Macon Co. 
Xavajoe Coimtry, on Canon Bonita, 190 miles N. W. of Albuquerque. 
Junction of Auglaize River and the "Miami of the Lake." 
One of the defenses of Wiisbington. D. C south of Potomac (now Fort 

Strong). 
South end of Folly Island. Stono Inlet. 5 miles below Charleston 

harbor 
Pea Patch Island, Delaware River, opposite Delaware City. 
Right bank of the Tennessee River, east side of mouth of Honey- 
comb Creek, Marshall Co, 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
Des Moines City, at Junction of Des Moines and Raccoon Rivers. 
Dearbornville, on Rouge River, 10 miles from Detroit. 
Detroit city, on right bank of Detroit River. 
Left bank of Caloosahatchie River, 5 miles from its source, and 27 

miles N. E. from Fort Myers. 
Narrows entrance to New York harbor (now Fort Lafaj'ette). 
One of the defenses of Knosville, south of the Holston River. 
Mouth of Columbia River, occupied by battery. 
Temporary fort on the outskirts of Big Cypress Swamp ; established 

in Florida War. 
Left bank of Des Jloinos River, in Webster Co., nearly opposite the 

mouth of Lizard River (now a town of tliat name). 
Left bank of the .Arkansas River, 115 miles oast from Fort Aubrey, 

and 55 miles S. W. from Fort Larned. / 

I.fif't bank of Cumberland River, near Dover, Tenn. (pebel work.) 
At Springfield; established during the Rebellioo. 
Three miles east of Salt Lake City. 
Temporary fort established in Florida War, near the right bank of 

the Suwanee, 9 miles from mouth of Santa Fe River. 
South of Micauopy ; temporary fort established in Florida War. 
Near Wilmington. (Sometimes called Camp Drum.l 
(^ce Fort Dalles.) 
Temporary fort established in Florida War. 19 miles N. E. from Fort 

Basiuger, on Kissimmee River 
Temporary fort established in Florida War on the outskirts of Big 

Cj'press Swamp. 
Oue of the defenses of Beaufort, erected during the Rebellion. 
Temporary fort on the west coast of South Florida, below the mouth 

of the Caloosahatchie ; established in Florida War. 
Left bank of Rio Grande, at Eagle Pass. 

One ot the defenses of Washington, east of the " E.astern Branch." 
Bayou Dupro, on the south side of the mouth of west end of Lake 

Borgne ; defending approach to New Orleans. 
French work built in 1754, on present site of Pittsburg. {See Forts 

Fayette and Pitt.) 
One of the defenses before Petersburg. 

West entrance to Narraganset Bay, between Connanicut Island and 
main shore. 

Temporary work on left bank of Flint River, in Lee Co., 3 miles 

north of the mouth of Turkey Creek. 
Rattery on east side of entrance to Gloucester harbor. 
Temporary fort on the left bank of the Econflnee River, West Fla., 

about 3 miles from its ranulh ; established in Florida War. 
At Wiscasset, right bank of Shoepscot River. 

Temporary work at Warsaw, at the lower rapids of the Mississippi. 
Right bank of Colorado River, near mouth Of El Eorado C.iiiou. 
(N<iw called Fort Harker.) 

One of the defonsi^s of Washington, D. C, near Alexandri.a. 
Loft bank of the Rin Grande near Frankliu^now Fort Bliss). 
Matagorda Island in Matajjurda Riy 



24 



MILITAKY POSTS OF THE 



FORTS, ARSENAI.S, AIV© MIIilTARY POSTS. 



Ethas Alle.v, Fort Va.. 

EvAXS, FOKT Va . . 

EwixL. FoKT Tex. 

Fairfield, Fort Mf. . . 

Faxnisg, Fort Fla . . 

Farnsworth, Fort Va. . . 

Far West, Camp Cal. . 

Facntlerov, Fort N. M. 

Fayette, Fort. Pa. . . 

Federal Hill. Fort Md. . 

Ferres, Fort Ohio. 

FiDirs, Fort Ga. . . 

FiiJ-MORE, Fort N. M. 

FixcASTLE. Fort Va. . . 

Fklet, Fort Orao. 

Fbher, Fort N. C. 

Fletcher, Camp - Kan . 

Floyd, Camp Utah 

Floyd, Fort Ua. . . 

Floyd, Fort N. M. 

Foote.Fort Md. . 

Fort Armstrong, 0. D III. . 

Foster, Fort Fla. . 

Foster, Fort Fla. . 

FowLE, Fort J"la. . 

Frankford Arsenal Pa. . . 

Fr,\nklln, Fort Md. . 

Fraxkun, Fort Omo. 

Fraser, Fort Fla.. 

Fulton, Fort Fla. . 

Gadsden, Fort Fla . . 

Gaines, Fort Ala. . 

Galves, Fort D. C . 

Gaines, Fort Ga. . . 

Gaines Fort Min. . 

Gamble. Fort Fla. . 

Gansevoort, Fokt N. Y. 

Gardner, Fort Fla. . 

Garbsch6, Fort ;Va. . . 

Gauey's Kerry, Ord. Dep.Fla.. 

Garland, Fort Col. . 

Gastun, Fort Cal. . 

Gates, Fort Fla. . 

GATE.S, Fort Tex. . 

Gatun, Fort Fla . . 

Geary, Fort Va. . . 

George, Fort N. Y. 

Gibson, Fort I. T. . 

Gibson, Fort N. Y. 



One of the defenses of Washington, D. C. , south of the Potomac. (For- 
merly Fort Baker.) 

Temporary work built by Rebels, near Leesburg. 

Right bank of Nueces River, near the mouth of Salado Creek, and 
on Sau Antonio and Laredo road to Ringgold Barracks. 

Ripht bank of Aroostook River, near the eastern boundary-line of 

the State — New Brunswick frontier. 
Temporary work on left bank of Suwanee River, about 18 miles from 

its mouth, and opposite old Suwanee town. (Built in Florida War.) 
One of the defenses cf Washington, D. C, 2 miles S. W. of Alexandria. 
Right bank of Bear Creek, near Marysville. 
Road from Albuquerque to Fort Defiance (now Fort Lyon). 
At Pittsburg. (See Forts Du Quesne and Pitt.) 
Baltimore city, south side of the " Basin ;" erected during the 

Rebellion. 
At Upper Sandusky, left bank of Sandusky River. Crawford Co. 
Left bank of the Oconee River 

Left bank of the Rio Grande, near Mcsilla, 40 miles above El Paso. 
Built iu 1774, on uresent site of "Zanes' Ruins" Wheeling. (See 

Fort Henry.) 
Left bank of Blancbard's Fork of the Maumee, in Hancocic Co.. at 

the town of Finley 
Federal Poiut, " New Inlet '" to Cape Fear River. (Built by Rebels.) 
,Now Fort Hays.) 

Cedar Valley, 44 miles west of Salt Lake City (now Fort Crittenden). 
Temporary fort established during removal of Cherokees, at the 

N. E. end of the Okeefinokee Swamp, Pierce Co. 
Near crossing of Membres River by the overland mail route. 
Oue of the defenses of Washington, D. C. left bank of the Potomac, 

on Rosier 's Bluff. 
Ordnance Depot at Rock Island. (Broken up in 1845.) 
Temporary fort established in the Florida War, on the left bank of 

Hillsboro River, about 20 miles north of Tampa. 
Outskirts of Big Cypress Swamp. 
Temporary fort established in Florida War, on the right bank of the 

Ocklawaha, 21 miles south of the mouth of Orange Ivike Creek. 
On right bank of Delaware River, about one half mile above Frank- 
ford Creek , near the town of Frankford. 
Oue of the defenses of Washington, D. C. , north of Potomac (now 

Fort Sumner) 
Right bank of Ohio River, built in 1791, and now obliterated. 
Temporary fort on the left bank of Pease Creek, near its source at 

L;ike Hancock ; established in Florida War. 
Temporary work, right bank of Pelicier Creek, on the road from 

Smyrna to St. Augustine : established In Florida War. 

Left bank of the Appalachicola River, 14 miles north of Appalachicola. 

on the site of ''Isegro Fort" ; blown up in 1816. 
Dauphin Island, entrance to Mobile Bay. (Old Fort Tombigbee.) 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
Left bank of the Chattahoochee River, in Early Co., 3 miles above 

mouth of Kooloomookee Creek. 
Right bank of the Mississippi River, nearly opposite the mouth of the 

No Kay River (now Fort Ripley.) 
Temporary post 30 miles S. E. of Tallahassee established in Florida 

War. 
New York city, between the fool of W. Twelfth and Gansevoort streets, 

on the Hudson River. (Eifaced.) 
Temporary fort in Florida War, on the right bank of the Kissimmee 

River, near Cypress Lake. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of Potomac. 
On Black Creek, Duval Co. (Broken up in 1840.) 
Right bank of tlie Sangro dc Cri.sto Kivor, 85 miles north of Taos. 
Left bank of Trinity River, above its mouth on Klamath River. 
Temporary fort in Florida War, left bank of St. John's River, 4 miles 

south of the mouth of the Ockl;iwaha River. 
Left bank of Leon River, 10 miles above mouth of Coryell's Creek. 
Ton miles S. E. from Lake AliapopVa ; established in Florida war. 
Leesburg ; built by the Rebi-ls. l)y whom called Fort .Johnston. 
In New York city, near the Harlem River, cast of Fort Tryon. 
Left bank of Neosho River, near its mouth ; established in 1824. 
Ellis' Island, New York harbor. 



UNITED STATES. 



25 



FORTS, ARSEIVA£.S, AND miLITARY POSTS. 



Gilmer, Fort Ga. . . 

Gloucester, Fort at Mas., 

I) LOVER. Fort Mas. . 

GuODWI.V, FOKT Arl.. 

GuRGEi, 1' URT Me. . . 

GR.4UAM, Fort Tex. . 

GKA.vr, Fori Ari. . 

Gratiot, Fort Mich. 

GRAri'A.N, FoKT Neb... 

Gray, 1'ort N. C. 

Greble, Fort. D. C. 

Grekv, Fort Fla. . 

Green Fort S. C. 



Green-e, Fort Ga. . , 

I.REB.NE, Fort N. Y, 

Greene, FoKT R. I., 

Oreexvjujs, Fort Umo. 

Gregg, Battery S. C., 

Griffin, Fort Sla. , 

Griffin, Fort Fla.. 

Griswold, Fori Con.. 

Hagerty, Fort Va. . . 

Hale, Fort Or.. . . 

Halleck, Fort Dak. . 

Hamek, Fort Fla. . 

Hamilton, Fort Fla. . 

Hamilton, Fort N. ? . 

Hamilton. Fort Omo.. 

Hamilton, Fort R. I. . 

Hampton. Fort Ala, . 

Hancock Barracks Me. . . 

Hanson, Fort Fla.. 

Harker, Fort Kan. . 

Harlee, Fort Fla. . 

Harmer, Fort Ohio. 

Harper's Ferry Armory. Va. . . 

Harrell, Four ..Fla. , 

Harriett, Fort i-LA. . 

Harris, Fort Ten. . 

Harrison , Fort Fla . . 

Harrison, Fort Ind. . 

Harrison , Fort Va . , . 

Harvib, Fort Fla . . 

Haskeu . Fort Va. . . 

Hatteuas. Fort N. C. . 

Hawkins, Fort Ga. , , 



Temporary post, right bank of Suwannee River, 1 mile below the 
mouth of Cypress Creek, Echols Co, ; established in Florida War, 

An old work at "Fort I'oint," Gloucester. 

West side of the head of Marble Head harbor. 

L<;ft bank of the Kio can Domingo, 120 miles N.E. of Tucson, 

Hog Island Ledge iu Portland harbor. 

Left bank of Brazos River, at Jose Maria Village. 

Right bank of the Cian Pedro, near its mouth. (Site of Fort Breckin- 
ridge.) 

Right bank of St. Clair near outlet of Lake Huron. 

Ash Hollow, on Oregon route, 188 miles west of Fort Kearny. 

Right bank of Roauoke River, near Plymouth. (Built during the 
Rebellion.) 

One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, near the left bank of the 
Potomac, 2 miles south of Giesboro' Point. 

Temporary fort in Florida War, midway between Forts Chokkonikla 
and Myakka. 

Temporary work on the N. E. end of Folly Island, near Charleston 
harbor. (Built during the Rebellion.) 

Near mouth of St, Mary's River, built 1794 and destroyed 1804, 

At Brouklyn, east eud of Lafayette street (old fort). 

At Newport, opposite Rose Island, in Newport harbor. 

Built by Gen. Waguer,in 1793, on site of present town of that name, 
in Dark Co., on Greenville Creek. 

Cummmg.'s Point, north eud ofMorris Island, Charleston harbor, (Built 
by Rebels.) 

Temporary post, about 4 miles from the coast, and nearly equi- 
distant between the mouths of the Suwaneo and Esteenhatchee. 

Temporary fort in Florida War, midway between Forts Wool and 
Frank Brooke, and 4 miles from the coast. 

Left bank of the Thames on Groton Hill, directly opposite New 
London. The garrison was massacred by Ai-nold in 1781. 

One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of Potomac. 

East side of entrance to New Haven harbor. 

Foot of Medicine Bow Mountain, on the overland mail route to CaL 

Temporary post, left bank of the Manatee River, about 4 miles east 

of Braden Creek ; established in 1849. 
Temporary fort in Florida War, 3 miles S. E. from Fort R. Jones, and 

east of Fort Vose, on the OciUa River. 
S. Western extremity of Long Island at the " Narrows," on the east 

side of the entrance to New York harbor. 
Hamilton, Butler Co., at the crossing of the Great Miami ; built in 

1791, by Gen. St. Clair. 
Rose Island, Narragansett Bay, opposite Newport. 
Temporary work ou the left bank of the Elk River, east of Athens, 

in the vicinity of the Muscle Shoals of the Tennessee River. 
Cue mile north of Huullon, near the eastern boimdary line of the 

State. 
Temporary fort in Florida War, a little east of the St» John's River, 

13 miles S. W. from St. Augustine. 
Left bank of Smoky Hill River, 45 miles from Fort Zarah and 100 

miles above Fort Ripley. (Formerly Fort Ellsworth.) 
Temporary fort on the right bank of the Santa Fe River, on the road 

from Ncwnansville to Fort Heiloman, established in Florida War. 
West side of the mouth of the Muskingum, on the Ohio River, oppo- 
site Marietta. (Built in 1785.) 
At the junction of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers. 
Head of Alcotopah River. (Temporary fort in Florida War.) 
Temporary fort established during the Florida War, at the source of 

the eastern tributary of the Sockohoppee River, 17 miles N. W. 

from St. Marks. 
Rebel work, left bank of the Mississippi River, T miles abovo Mom- 
phis, 
Temporary fort at Clear Water harbor, west of the head of Tampa 

Bay ; established iu Florida War. 
Left bank of the Wabash River, 3 miles above Terre Haute. 
Left bank of James River, near Richmond, (Built by Rebels.) 
Temporary fort on Caloosaliatchie Bay ; established in the Florida 

War. (Identical with Fort Myers.) 
One of tho Rebel defenses beforu Petersburg. 
Hatleras Inlet. (Built by Rebels, and captured 1861.) 
Ix'ft bank of the Ocmulgoe, iu Jones Co., above the mouth of Walnut 

Creek and opposite Macoj. (Eificed.) 



26 



MILITARY POSTS OF THE 



FORTS, ARSENAIiS, AND OTIt-ITARY POSTS. 



Hays , Alexander, Fort. . Va. . , 
Hays, Fort Kan., 

Head, Fort 5Ias. 

HEiLEMAjf , Fort Fla. 

Hexdebson, Fort Ga. . 

Henry, Fort Fla . 

Henry, Fort Ten. 

Henry, Fort Va. . 

HiGLEY, Fort Ten. 

Hill, Fort Ten. 

HiNDSLiN, Fort Ark. 

HoLMBS, Fort Fi.a. 

Holmes, Fort Mich 

Holt, Fort Ky. 

Hook, Fort Fla. 

HoSKLN'S, Fort Or. . 

Howard, Fort Va. . , 

Howard, Fort Wis. 

Howell, Fort S. C. 

Hodson, Battery N. Y 

Hudson, Casip. Tex. 

Hull, Fort Ala., 

HuGER, Fort... Ala., 

HcLBERT, Fort Fla . 

Hltiboldt, Fort Cal. 

Hunter, Fort Fla. 

Huntes-gton Smtth, Fort. Ten. . 

Inditendence, Fort Cal. , 

indepe.n'dknce, fort mas . 

TXDIANAP.ILIS jVRSENAL. . . .Ind. 

Inge, Fort Tex., 

Jackson Barracks La . . , 

Jackson, Fort Ala. 

Jackson, Fort Fla. 

Jackson, Fort Ga . , 

Jack-son, Fort La. . 

Jackson, Fort Va. . 

Jacqua. Camp Cal. 

James, Fokt D.iK. 

James', Fokt Ga. . 

James, Fort Ga. . 

Jameson Batj'eky D. C 

Jay, Fort N. Y 

Jeiter.so\ Barracks Mo. . 

Jefferson, Fort Fla. 

Jefferson, Fokt (Jmo 



One of the defenses before Petersburg. 

Forks of Big Creek, about 4 miles from its mouth, on the Smoky 

Hill River, 52 miles west of Fort Ellsworth (formerly Camp 

Fletcher). 
Site of pre.scut Fort Sewall. Marblehead. 
Junction of the north and south forks of Black Creek, tributary of 

St. John's Kiver, near Whitesville. 
Temporary fort In Florida War, left bank of the St. Mary's River, 

about SJ miles west of Coleraiue. 
Temporary fort in Florida war, on a small island in the " Everglades," 

ea.st of the uorthcrn end of Long Key. 
Right bank of Tennessee River, near State line (Rebel works). 
{See Fincastle.) Named in 1776 after Patrick Heury, the Governor of 

Virginia. 
One of the defenses of Kcoxville, south of theHolston River. 
One of the defenses of KiiosviUe, east of the city, and north of the 

Holston River. 
Arkansas Post, left bank of the Arkansas River, 50 miles above its 

mouth. (Built by the Rebels.) 
Temporary fort on left bank of Deep Creek, tributary of St. John's 

River, H miles S. W. from Pilatka ; established in Florida War. 
Ou Mackinac Island, north of Fort Mackiuac — Lake Huron. 
Temporary work at the mouth of the Ohio, opposite Cairo, 111. 
Temporary fort in Florida War, H miles south of Fort Wheelcck, on 

Orange Lake, and 17 miles west of Fort King. 
Left bank ot south fork of Yamhill River. 
One of the defenses before Petersburg. 

Left bank of Fox River, 14 miles from its mouth at Green Bay. 
Vicinity of Hilton Head, due east from Fort Wells. 
Staten island, right bank of Narrows entrance to New York harbor. 
Second crossing of the San Pedro, 34 miles from its mouth, on the 

Rio Grande. 
Macon Co., 5 miles due south from Tuskegee, near the Caleebee Creek, 

tributary of the Tallapoosa River. 
At the junction of the Blakely and Apalache Rivers. N. W. of Spanish 

Flirt. Built by Rebels to command Blakely River, &c. 
Temporary fort established during Florida War, about 3 miles from 

coast, and midway between Forts Andrews and Frank Brooke. 
Humboldt Bay, at Bucksport. 
Temporary foit in Florida War, right bank of the St. John's River, 

about li miles south of Pilatka. 
One of the defenses of Knoxville, east of the city and north of the 

Holston River. 

Owens River Valley. 

Castle Island, inner entrance to Boston harbor. 
Indianapolis, Marion Co. 

Left bank of Big Leona River, about 5 miles below its source at 
Leona Spring, in Uvalde Co. 

Left bank of the Mississippi, 3 miles below New Orleans. 
Tem|)orary work, left bank of the Coosa, 2 miles N. E. from the 

junction of Alabama aud Tallapoosa Rivers. (Formerly Fort 

Thoulouse ) 
Temporary fort established during Florida War, 13 miles S. W. from 

Columbus, on the road to Tallahassee. 
Right bank of Savannah River, 3 miles below Savannah. 
Right bank of the Mississippi, at Plaquemiue Bond, nearly opposite 

Fort St. Philip, aud 70 miles below New Orleans. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south side of Potomac, at 

Long Bridge. 
Northwestern California, on Fort Humboldt and Fort Gaston Road. 
Junction of Fircstool Creek with the James River. 
Bight bank of Alat.imaha River, 2 miles above the mouth of Board's 

Creek. (Old fort.) 
Right bank of Ogeochoo River. (Built by the Rebels.) 
One of the defenses of Washington, ou right bank of Eastern 

Blanch. 
Governor's Island, Now York harbor (now Fort Columbus). 
Right bank Of the Mississippi, 9 miles below St. Louis. 
Garden Key, Dry Tortiigas, in the Gulf of Mexico. 
5 nillos south of Greenville, on road to Eatou. (Built 1791 by Gen. 

St. Clair.) 



UNITED STATES. 



27 



FORTS, ARSKIVAI.S, AND MII.ITAKV POSTS. 



Jen>i.\gs, Fort Ouio . 

Jennings, Fort Fla. . 

Jbsup, Fort ■. . . . .La. . . 

Johnson, Fort S. C. . 

Johnston, Camp Tex. . 

Johnston, Fokt N. C . 

Johnston, Fort Va . . . 

JoNK, Fort Cal. . 

Jones, R,, Fort Fla. . 

JurrrER, Fort Fu. . . 

Kearnt, Fort Xeb. , 

Kearny, Fort Xeb . . 

Kearny, Philip, Fort. . . . Dak . 

KEAKNi', Phiup, Fort D. C . 

Kemhle, Battery I). C. 

Kennebec, Arsenal Me. ., 

Kent, Fort Me. ., 

Key West, Barracks. Fla . , 

King, Fort Fla.. 

King, Fort -Fl^v. . 

Kingsbury, Battery D. U . 

KiNGSBCRY, Fort Fi^. . 

KiRBY, Battery Md. . . 

KissniMEE, Fort Fla . . 

Klamath Fort Or. . . 

Knox, Fort Ind.. . 

Knox. Fort Me. . . 

Lafayette, Fort X. Y 

Lafitte, Fort La. . , 

Lamotte, Fort Ga. . 

I>AN caster, Fort Tex. 

I>ANE, Fort Fla. 

Lane, Fort Or.. 

Lapwai, Fort Ida.. 

Laramie, Fort Dak. 

Larned, Fort Kan. 

Lauderdale, Fort Fla. 

Lawrence, Fort Ga. . 

Lawrence, Fort N. Y 

Lawrence, Fort Ohio 

Lawson, Caitp Tex. 

Lawson, Fort Fla. 

Lawson, Fort Fla. 

Lkaton (Leighton), Fort. Tex. 

Leavenworth, Arsenal. .Kan 

LrjIven WORTH, Fort Kan. 

Lb Boeuf, Fort Pa. . 



Loft bank of Auglaize River, Putnam Co., 18 miles north of Fort 

Amanda. 
Tuniporary fort in Florida War, left bank of the Waka.sassa, 12 miles 

from its mouth. 
Ou tilt! dividing ridge between Red and Sabine Rivers, 25 miles S. W. 

of XatchilDches. 
N. E. point of James IsUand, Charleston harbor, opposite Fort Sumtor. 
Right bank of tlio north Concha, a branch of the Colorado, (i'ee 

Camp Oincho.) 
Right bank of Cape Fear River, 3 miles from its mouth, at Smithville. 
Leesburg. Built by Rebels (now Fort Geary). 
Scott's Valley, 15 miles S. W. of Yreka. 
Temporary fort in Florida War, right bank of the Ocilla River, 23 

miles frnm its mouth. 
Right bank of I/jchahatehee River, about 3 miles from its mouth, at 

Jupiter Inlet. 

Right bank of the Platte, 294 miles from Fort Leavenworth, by the 

Overlind Mail Route. 
Right bank of the Missouri, a little north of Nebraska City, and 30 

miles below the mouth of Platte River. 
Junction of Big and Little Piney Forks of Powder River. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
One of the defeuses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
At Augusta. 

Junction of Fish River with the St. John's, on the Canadian frontier. 
Key West. 

West of the Ocklawaha River, and S. R of Ocala, in Marion Co. 
Temporary fort in Florida War. in the vicinity of the Ocklawaha, 7 

miles west of Fort Fowle, at the junction of six roads. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of PotomaC; near Fort 

De Russy. 
Temp irary I'ort in Florida War, north side of Lake Monroe, on the St. 

John's River, oppnsite Fort Mellon. 
One ol the defenses of Washington, D. C, north of the Potomac, near 

Fort Sumner. 
Temporary post on the west side of the Kissimmee River ; estab- 
lished in Florida War. 
Near Klamatli Lake, 40 miles north of California boundary. 
Left biak of the Wabash River, 4 miles above Vincennes, near tia 

mouth of Maria Creek. (Effaced.) 
Opposite Bucksport, at the "Narrows of the Penobscot." 

Near Middle of the Narrows entrance to New York harbor. (Se4 

Fort Diamond.) 
Grande Turre Island, Barataria Bay, north of Fort Livingston. 
Temporary fort in Florida War, 2 miles S. E. from Fort Floyd. 
Near the juneti(.n of Live Oak Creek with Pecos River. 
Temporary fort iu Florida War, west side of Lake Harney, St. John's 

River. 
Near Table Rock, 8 miles north of .Jacksonville. 
Near Fort Walla Walla, Washington Territory. 
Left bank of Liramio River, 2 miles above its mouth. 
Right bank of Parouee Fork, about 9 miles from its mouth, on the 

Arkansas River, and 55 miles below Fort Dodg-. 
Temporary post on the east coast of Florida, 6 miles above New River 

Iniet ; established in Florida War. 
Temporary work on right bank of Flint River, 8 miles above the 

mouth of Putsaliga Creek, opposite old Cherokee Agency. 
South end of Brooklyn, New York. (Old Revolutionary fort.) 
Revolutionary work oil riglit bank of Tuscarawas River, half a mile 

below Bolivar, TuscarawMS Co. (Elfaced.) 
Right bank of the Rio Frio, at the crossing of the Lower Presidio 

K'lad, about 70 mi:es from S^m Antonio. 
Temporary fort in Florida War, on the road midway between St. 

Marks ancl Tailaha'^seo. 
Temporary fort in Florida War, 4 miles from Pilatka, on the road 

from there to Micanopy. 
Left bank of thj Rio Grande, 5 miles below Presidio del Norte, at the 

mouth of the Rio Conchas, in Mexico, 
Fort LiMVOMWorth. 

Right hank of .Missouri River, 3 miles above Leavenworth City. 
French work on right bank of La Boeuf Creek, tributary of French 

Creek, iu the vicniity of Waterford, Erie Co. 



28 



MILITARY POSTS OF THE 



FORTS, AR.SEXAL.S, ANO ITIIL,ITARV POSTS. 



Lee, Fort Mas. 

Lee, Fort X. J 

Ltbertt, Aese.val Mo.. 

L1.VC0L.V, Camp Ari.. 

LixcoLx, Camp Cal.. 

I jxcoLN, Fort D. C 

LrscoLN', Fort Kan 

LixcoLN, Fort Tex. 

Little Rock Arsenal Ark. 

Livingston, Fort L-\ . . , 

Lloyd, Fort Fla . 

Long Point, Batteries. ..iLLS. 

Lookout, Fort Nrb. 

LoRiNG, Cantonment Or. . 

LoROMiE, Fort Ohio. 

Las Ldnas, Post at N. M 

Los r>iNOS, Post at N. M 

Loudon, Fort Ten . 

Lowell, Camp Ari.. 

Lton, Fort Col. 

LroN, Fort N. M 

Lto.v, Fort Va. . 

Mackat, Fort Fla. 

Mackinao, Fort Mich 

Macomb, Fort Fla. 

Macomb, Fort Fla . 

Macomb, Fort La. . 



Macon, Fort 

McAllister, Fort. . 



.y. C. 

.Ga. .. 



MoArthuk, Fort Omo, 

McClart, Fort Me. . . 

McClure, Fort r'i.A . . 

McCrabb, Fort Fla. , 

McDBRMirr, Camp Xev. , 

McGarrt, Camp Nev. 

McUiLVERY, Fort Va. . , 

McHe.vrt. Fort Md. . , 

McIntosh, Fort Va. . . 

McIntosh, Fort Tex. 

McKavett, Fort Tex. 

McKee, Camp Aw. 

McLa.ve, Fort Ga. . 

McLane, Fort N. M 

McNeill, Fort Fla . 

MoPhehson, Fort Neb. 

Mcpherson, Fort Va. . 

McRae, Fort Fla. 

McRae, Fort N. M 

McRee, Foht Fla. , 

Madison BARRacKs N. Y. 

Madison, Fort lo. .., 



In the centre of Salem Neck, commandiag entrance to Salem and 

Beverley harbors. 
Revolutionary work, on right bank of the Hudson, nearly opposite 

Fort Washington, New York city. 
Right bank of Missouri River, Clay Co. 
About 22 miles due east of Wickenburg. 
Near Crescent City. 
One of the defenses of Washington, near the city limits, S. W. from 

Bladensburg, Md. 
Right bank ot the Little Osage River, about 8 miles west of the east- 
ern boundary of the State. 
Left bank of Seco Creek, 50 miles west of San Antonio. 
Little Rock, Pulaski Co. 

West end of Grande Terre Island, entrance to Barataria Bay. 
Temporary fort during the Florida War, north of Lake Okeechobee, 

23 miles east of Fort Basinger. 
On Long Point, south entrance to Provincetown harbor, Cape Cod. 
Right bank of the Missouri River, 60 miles below Fort Pierre. 
Left bank of fork of Snake River. 
Right bank of Loromie's Creek, at point where north boundary line 

of Darke Co. produced, intersects that creek. 
About 22 miles south of Albuquerque. 

Left bank of the Rio Grande, 18 miles south of Albuquerque. 
An old fort on the left bank of the Little Tennessee River, a little 

above the mouth of Tellico River. 
Near Tucson. 

Near Bent's Fort, on the Upper Arkansas River. 
On road from Albuquerque to Fort Defiance. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, near Alexandria, Va. 

Temporary fort during Florida War, in vicinity of left bank of the 
Ocklawaha, 10 miles south of the mouth of Orange Lake Creek. 

South end of Mackinac Island in the Straits of Mackinac which con- 
nect i^akes Michigan and Huron. 

Temporary fort on right bank of Suwanee River, about 3 miles 
below foot of the rapids ; established in Florida War. 

Near right bank of St. Marks River, 10 miles north of St. Marks. 

Right bank of Chef Menteur Pass ; one of the approaches to New 
Orleans. 

Eastern extremity of Boguo Island, entrance to Beaufort harbor. 

Right bank of Ogeechee River, opposite Genesis Point. (Rebel 
work.) 

Stockade, built in 1812, on right bank of Scioto River, Hardin Co., 
site of Kenton. (Maced.) 

Left bank of entrance to Portsmouth harbor, N. H. 

Temporary fort during Florida War, north of Dade's Battle Ground 
at Warm SpriLg, on the Withlacoochee River. 

Temporary fort near right bank of Suwanee River, 4 miles above 
Suwanee Old Town ; established in Florida War. 

About 120 miles N. W. of Star City. 

Near Summit Lake. 

Work before Petersburg near the Appomatox River. 

I'atapsco River, west side of entrance to Baltimore harbor. 

Right bank of this river, a little below mouth of Big Bear River, 29 
miles from Pittsburg. 

Left bank of Rio Grande, at Laredo. 

Right bank of San Saba River, near its source. 

Near Tubac ; name changed to Fort Mason. 

Temporary fort during Florida War, north-western extremity of 
Okeefluokoc swamp. 

Near overland mail route, at the crossing of the Micmbres River. 

Temporary fort during Florida War, right bank of the Chickasaw- 
hatchie, about 4 miles from its mouth on the St. John's River. 

Right bank of the Platte River, at the mouth of Cottonwood Creek, 
97 miles west of Fort Kearny (formerly Fort Cottonwood). 

One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of Potomac, near Ar- 
lington Heights. 

Temporary wnrk east side of Okeechobee Lake, about due cast from 
Fort Center. (Built in Florida War.) 

Qjo-del-Muerto, 35 miles south of Fort Craig. 

Foster's Bank, opposite Fort Pickens, entrance to Pensacola harbor. 

East side of Sackett's Harbor. 

Right bank of ihe Mississippi, site of the town of Fort Madison in 
Lee Co. 



UNITED STATES. 



29 



FORTS, ARSENAIiS, AND MltilTARY POSTS. 



Madison, Fort Md. . . . 

Magrudek, Furt. Va 

Mauo.v, Fort D. C. . . 

Mauone, Fort Va 

Mansfield, Fort Md. . . . 

Many, Fort Fla . . . 

Marcy, Fort N. M . . 

Marcv, Fort Va 

Marion, Fort h\A . . , 

M iRSHALL , Fort Md. . . , 

Marshau., Fort ?. C. . . 

MaitljVND, Fort Fla... 

Mason, Fort Ari. . . 

Mason, Fort Fla . . , 

Mason, Fort Texas. 

Massac, Fort III. . . , 

JL^SSACHUSEITS, FORT Coi.. . , 

Massachusetts, Fort 1). C . 

Meade, Fort Fu. . 

Meigs, Fort D. C . 

Meigs, Fort Onto. 

Mellon, Fort Fla. . 

ME.MPras Ord. Depot Ten. . 

Mercer, Fort N. J. . 

Merrill, Fort Tex.. 

Mjcanopy, Fort Fla. . 

MiFFLDJ, Fort Pa. . . 

Miller, A. S., Fort Ga. . . 



Miller, Fort Cal. . 

Miller, Fort Mas. . 

MiMS, b ORT Ala. . 

Mitchell, Fort Ala. . 

Mitchell, Fort Fla . . 



MrrciiELL, Fort Ky. . 

MojA\"E, Fort Ari . . 

MoNiAO, Fort Fla. . 

Monroe Arsenal, Fort. . . Va . . 

Monroe, Fort Va. . . 

Montgomery, Fort Ala. . 

Montgomery, Fort N Y. 

Montgomery, Fort N. Y. 

Monuments, Fort Kan. . 

Moreau, Fort X. Y. 

Morgan, Fort Ala . . 

Morgan, Fort Col. . 

Morgan, Fort X. C. . 

Morris, Battery D. C. 

Morton, Battery N. Y . 



Morton, Fort Va . . 

Morton , Fort Va. . 

MoTTE, Fort S. C. 



Left bank of Severn River, Annapolis harbor. 

Rebel work near William-Jbiirg, on the Peninsula. 

One of tlio defenses of Washington, on the Eastern Br.anch. 

Rebel earthwork in defenses of Petersburg (captured in 1865). 

One of the defens'^s of Washington, P. C, north of I'ntomao. 

Temporary fort 16 miles S. E. of Tallahas.soe, and 17 miles N. E. of 

St. Marks ; established in Florida War. 
Santa F6. 

One of the defenses of Washington, D. C. , south of Potomac. 
At St. Augustine; called " Castle of St. Mark" by the Spmiards. 
One of the defenses of Baltimore, on Potter's Hill, sout'a-eastern 

limits of the city. 
North end of Sullivan's Island, Charleston harbor. (Rebel work.) 
Temporary fort during Florida War, 14 miles south of Fort Mellon, on 

Lake Monroe. 
Near Tubac, Arizona (formerly Camp McKee). 
Temporary tort during Florida War, between the Ocklawaha and the 

St. John's Rivers, 14 miles S. W. from Volusia. 
Right bank "f Camanche Creek, tributary of Lo.ano River, 8 miles 

above its mo ith, and 105 miles by road, N. W. of San Antonio. 
Right bank of the Ohio River, 33 miles above its mou.ii, and 11 

miles below Paducah. 
Right bank of the Utah Creek, 85 miles north of Taos, N. M. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac ; now Fort 

Stevens. 
Temporary work on the right bank of Pease Creek, about 3 miles 
north of the mouth of Bowlegs Creek ; established in Florida War. 
One of the defenses of Washington, on the south-eastern boundary of 

the district. 
Right bank of Maumee River, midway between the two islands 
below the rapids, near Perrysburg. (feuilt and besieged in 1813.) 
Temporary f(jrt south side ofLake Monroe, 3 miles from its mouth ; 

established in Florida War. 
Memphis. (Broken up 1852.) 

Left bank of Delaware River, opposite Fort Mifflin, Pa. 
Right bank of the Nueces River, 52 miles N. W. of Corpus Christu 
At Micanopy. Temporary fori established in Alachu County, in 

Florida War, 5 miles west of the head of Orange Lake. 
On Mud Island, Delaware River, below the mouth of the Schuylkill, 

7 miles below Philadelphia. 
Temporary fort in Florida War ; N. W. extremity of Okccflnokee 

Swamp. 
Left bank of the San Joaquin River, at Millerlon. 
Nangus Head, at the S. E. entrance to Salem harbor. 
Stockade, 1^ miles from the left bank of the Alabama River, and 1 

mile south of Fort Montgomery ; captured by Indians, 1813. 
Now a town of tnat name ; right bank of the Chaitahooche. 
Temiiorary fort on left bank of south branch of Tenahallama River, 
where it is crossed by the road to Tallahassee from Fort Barker; 
established during Florida War. 
One of the defenses of Covington, Ky., and Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Left bank of the Colorado at Bent's 'Crossing, head of Mojave Valley. 
Temporary fort, right bank of St. Mary's River at Hogau's Ferry; 

established in Florida War. 
Fort Monroe. 

(ine of the defenses of Hampton Roads, at Old Point Comfort. 
Throe miles from left bank of the Alabama, opposite the "Cut ofiT' 

between the Tombigbee and the Alabama Rivers. 
Rouse's Point, commanding outlet of Lake Champlain. 
Revolutionary work, right bank of Hudson River, 6 miles below 

West Point. 
Left bank of Smoky Hill River, west side of the mouth of Monument 

Creek, 92 miles west from Fort Hays. 
Principal work of the defenses of Plattsburg in 1814. 
On Mobile Point, entrance to Mobile B;iy, site of old Fort Bowyer. 
Right bank of south fork of the Platte, "lOO miles S. W. of Julesburg. 
At the south side of Ocracoke Inlet. (Rebel work captured.) 
One of the defenses of Washington , north of Potomac. 
East end of Staten Island, at the Narrows entrance of New York 

harbor. 
One of ihe defenses of Washington, D. C. , south of Potomac. 
I;irthwork constructed before Petersburg during the siege. 
British work, right bank of Congaree River, at Devil's Elbow, 4 
miles due cast of the Wateree. 



30 



MILITAEY POSTS OF THE 



FORTS, ARSEIVAIiS, AND ITIIIilTARV POi^TS. 



Monterey Ord. Depot. ..Cal. 

JlouLTRiE, Fort S. C. 

Mount Vekson Arsenal. .Fla. 

Mud, Fort N. Y 

MuDGE, Fort Ga. . 

Myakka, Fort Fla. 

Myers, Fort Fla. 



Nash, Fort Tex 

Necessity, Fort Ohio 

Nelson, Fort Va . 

New Bedfoiid, Fort at. .Mas. 
New Orleans Barracks. .La.. 

Newport Barracks Ky. . 

New San DrsGo, Post. . . .Cal. 
New Smyrna, Post Fla. 

New York Arsenal N. Y 

Niagara, Fort N. Y 

Ni-Vety-Sdc, Fort .S. C. 

Noel, Fort Fla. 

S'oME Lackee, Post Cal. 

Norfolk, Fort Va. . 

North Carolina Arsenal. N. C. 
Norton, Fort Ga.. 



OciLLiX, Fort Fla. 



Oglethorpe Barracks. 
Ontario, Fort 



Oregon, Fort N. C 

Orford, Fort Or.. 

0"RouRKB, Fort Va . . 

Osage, Fort Mo. . 

Oswego, Fort N. Y 



Palatka Ord. Depot. . . ,Fla. 

Parrott, Battery D. (;. 

Pemberton, Fort S. C. 

Pennsylvania, Fort D. C. 

Pequod Fort Cr. . 

Pf.ralta, Post N. M 

Petite Coquille, Post... La. . 
Peyton, Fort Fla. 

Phoenix, Fort Mas. 

Pioke.ns, Fort Fla. 

Pickering, Fort (Ja. . 

Pickering, Fort .Mas. 



Pickering, Fort Ten 

Pickett Camp Wash 

Pierce, Fort Fla. 

Pierre, Fort Neb. 

Pike, Fort La.. 

Pike, Fort N. Y 

PiKESviLLE Arsenal Mi). 



Monterey. 

West eud of Sullivan's Island, at entrance to Charleston harbor. 

At Mount Vornon, near mouth of Cedar Creek. 

An old fort at the town of Sackett's Harbor. 

Temporary Ibrt during Florida War. 9 miles S. E. from Fort Floyd. 

Temporary fort on Myakka Creek, about 11 miles duo east from Fort 

Hartsulf. on right bank of Pease Creek; established in Florida War. 
Temporary forl^ left bank of the Caloosahatchie, about 15 miles north 

of Fort Dulauy ; established during Florida War. {See Fort Harvie.) 

An old fort at the source of Norton's Creek of Garrison's Fork of 

Duck River, N. E. from Shelbyville. 
13 miles north of Fort McArthur, on the road to Fort Finloy, in Har- 
den Co. 
West side of Norfolk harbor, opposite Fort Norfolk. 
Clark's Point, New Bedford harbor. 
About 3 miles below New Orleans, left bank of the Mississippi (now 

called Jackson Barracks). 
At Newport, left bank of the Ohio River. 
Near Mission of San Diego, San Diego Bay. 
Temporary post on west side of Mosquito Lagoon, below Mosqaito 

Inlet, at New Smyrna. 
Governor's Island, New York harbor. 
Right bank of Niagara River, at its mouth 

British post at Cambrivige, Abbeyvilie Co. (Besieged by Greene, 1781.) 
Temporary fort during Fiorida War, 6 miles N. W. from Fort Pleasant, 

on the road to Tallabissee. 
About 25 miles west ol Tahama. 
East side of Norfolk harbor, right bank of Elizabeth River, about 1^ 

miles north of Norfolk. 
At FayetteviUe, right bank of Cape Fear River 
Temporary fort during Florida War, 22 miles S. E. from Fort 

Floyd. 

Temporary post about 2 miles S. E. of Fort Gamble ; established in 

Florida War. 
Savannah. 
Site of old Fort Oswego, on right bank of Oswego River, at its 

mouth. 
Rebel work at Oregon Inlet, south side. (Captured 1861.) 
Trinchinor Bay, 10 miles south of Cape Bianco. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of Potomac. 
Right bank of the Missouri, at month of Osage River, in Jackson Co. 
Obliterated work on site now occupied by Fort Ontario. 

Palatka, on St. John's River. (Broken up in 1842.) 

One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 

Left bank of Stono River. (Rebel defenses of Charleston.) 

One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac (now Fort 

Reno). 
At head waters of Mumford's Cove, 2 miles west of Portersville, on 

Mystic River. 
Loft bank of the Rio Grande del Norte. 18 miles south of Al- 
buquerque. 
Island in Rigolet's Pass. {See Fort Pike.) 
Temporary post, right bank of Moultrie Creek, on the road from St. 

Augustine to Smyrna, established in Florida War. 
Battery at Fort Point, on loft bank of entrance to New Bedford harbor. 
West end of Santa Rosa Island, at entrance to Pensacola harbor. 
Temporary work at Coloraino, on the St. Mary's River. 
On S. E. end of Winter Island, north side of the entrance to Salem 

harbor. 
Loft bank of tho Mississippi, at Memphis. (Rebel work.) 
San Juan Island, near entrance to Paget Sound. 
Temporary work, 5 miles below bidian River Inlet, west side of St. 

Lucie Sound. (Built in Florida War.) 
Right bank of the Missouri, 70 miles above mouth of White Kirtb 

River 
At the head and west side of Rigolet's Pass, connecting Lakes Borgiie 

and Ponlchartrain. 
Sackett's Harbor, Lake Ontario, IJ miles below the mouth of Mill 

Creek. (Built in 1812.) 
At Pikesville, about 10 miles from Baltimore. 



UNITED STATES. 



31 



FORTS, ARSE:VAI>S, AJVD ^IIIilTARV POSTS. 



Pnxow, Fort. 



.Tex.. 



PixcKXKY, Castle S. C. . 

PiQUA, Fort Omo. 

Prrr, Fort Pa... 

Plaqcesu-VE, Fokt La. . . 

Plattsburg, Barracks. . .N. Y. 
Pleasant, Fort Fla . . 

PLriiJiER, Camp V. M. 

PoDiShTTT, Fort Fla . . 

Point, Fort Cal. . 

Polk, Fort Tex. . 

PoxBs Creek, Camp Ka.v. . 

PoPHAM, Fort .Me 

Portage, Fort Omo . 

Porter, Fort N Y. 

Powell, Fobt. An . . 

PowH-iTTAX, Fokt Va. . . 

Prebce, Fort Me. , . , 

Prescott, Fort Va. . . . 

Presidio Cal. . . 

Prejto.v. Fort Fla... 

Prince, Foet N. Y. . 

Pulaski, Fort Ga 

PcTXAii, Fort N". Y . . 

QurrxAX, Fort Tex . . 

Rapzimixski, Camp L T. . . 

Ramsay, Fort Va 

Rancbo dkJap.upa Cal. . . 

R-iXDALL, Fort Dak . . 

Randolph, Fort Tex. . . 

Raxkin, Camp Col. . . 

Reading, Fort Cal. . . 

Recovery, Fort Omo . . 

Re.vo,Fort D. C... 

Rexo, Fort. Dak. . . 

Rbtkolds, Fort Va 

RjCE, Fort Dak . 



RiCH.\RDSox, Fort Va. . . 

RiCKETTi, Fort 0. C . 

RicuMoxT), Fort. N. Y. 

RiDGELV, Fort Mix . . 

Riley, Fort Kax. . 

Ringgold Barracks Tex.. 

Ripley, Fort Md. . 



Ripley, Fort 



• Mix.. 



Ripley, Port ?. C. 

Rock Islasd. Arsenal. . . .III. . 
RoDGEiu, Battery Va. . . 



Rome, Ar.sh val N. Y. 

RoSECRANS, Fort Ten. . 

RossELL, Battery 1). C. 

Ruby, Fort .Vev. . 

Eu.VYOx, Fort Va 



Rebel works, left bank of the Mississippi, in the beud at Fulton, a 

little above the mouth of the Big Hatchie River. 
Shulc's Folly Islmi, Cliarlostou harbor, at mouth of Cooper River. 
French post on right bank of the Miami, about one mile below the 

mouth of I>oramie's Creek, Miami Co. 
French work at Pittsburg (smce called Fort Fayette). 
Left bank of the Mississippi, west side of mouth of Bayou Mardi 

Gras (now Fort St. Philip). 
Western shore of Lake Champlain, at Plattsburg. 
Temporary post on the risht b.mk of the Econflnee, about 22 miles 

from its mouth ; established in Florida War. 
Spanish Trail Crossing of Chama Rive.-, on the "Terra Amarillo." 
Temporary post alC.ipe Sable ; established in Florida War. 
Left bank of the Golden Gate entrance to San Francisco harbor. 
Point Isabel, opposite Brazos Santiago. 
Now Fort Wallace. 

Huuniwell's Point, at the mouth of Kennebec River. 
Right bank of Portage River, Wood Co., 18 miles south by west from 

Fort Meigs. 
Right bank of Niagara River at Black Rock, about 2 miles below 

Buffalo. 
Rebel work on Horon Island, west entrance to Mobile Bay, north of 

Fort Gaines. 
Rebjl work on right bank of James River, near T/)wer Brandon. 
Spring Point, Cape Elizabeth; for defense of Portland harbor. 
One of the Rebel defenses of Petersburg. 
Situated 3 miles west of San Francisco. 
Temporary pist in the Florida War, left bank of the Appalachicola 

River, 13 miles south of Aspalago. 
Near King's Bridge, extreme northern limits of New York city 
Cockspar Island, at mouth of Savannah River. 
Right bank of Hudson River, on height above West Point, 

Left bank of the Rio Grande, 80 miles below Franklin. 

Loft bank of Otter Creek, about 4 miles from its mouth on the 

North Fork of the Red River. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of Potomac. 
Valley of the Rio Santa Anna, 18 miles N. E. of Del Chinu. 
Right bank of the Missouri River, about 34 miles above the mouth of 

the Niobrara River. 
Rebel work, left bank of the Mississippi, 6 miles below Fort Pillow. 
South Fork ol the Platte, opposite the mjuth of Lodge Pole Creek. 
Near junction of Cow Creek with the Sacramento River. 
N. W. corner of Darke Co., near the western boundary of Ohio, on 

the site of St. Clair's defeat. 
One of thj defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. (SeeFort 

Pennsylvania.) 
Right bank of Powder River, 180 miles N. W. of Fort Laramie (old 

Fort Conner.) 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of Potomac, formerly 

Fort Blenker. 
Right bank of the Missouri, 10 miles above mouth of Cannon-ball 

River. 
One of the defenses of W.ashin?ton, D. C, south of Potomac. 
One of the defenses' of Washington, east of Eastern branch. 
On east end of St.iten Island (now called Fort Wadsworth). 
Left bank of the Minnesota or St. Peter's, at mouth of Rock River. 
East side of the mouth of Pawnee River, on the Kansas River, 120 

miles from Fort Leavenworth 
Loft bank of the Rio Grande at Rio Grande city 
One of the defeases of Washington, D. C, north of Potomac (now 

Reloiibt Cross). 
Right bank of the Mississippi, nearly opposite the mouth of No Kay 

River (lorraerly Fort Gaines). 
Rebel Work in Charleston harbor, on the "Middle Ground." 
Rock Island, opposite Davenport, lo. 

One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, on the Potomac, at Alexan- 
dria. 
Roma, Oneida Co. 

Murfreesboro ; built during the Rebellion. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
Western side of Ruby Valley, near Overland Mail Station. 
One of thJ dofeusjj of \V isliiiigjoa near south head of Long Bridge. 



32 



MILITARY POSTS OF THE 



FORTS. AKSEIVAl-S, AlVO MILITARY POSTS. 



BnssKLi, Fort Fla. 



Bt. Louis Arsenal Mo — 

Sabine, Fort La.... 

San Augustute Ord. Dep.Fla. .. 
San Antonio Arsenal. . . .Tex. . . 
San Antonio, Post at. . . .Tex. . . 
Sanders, Fort Dak. . . 

Sanders. Fort Ten. . . 

Sanderson, Fort Fla . . 

Sandusky, Fort Ohio . . 

Sandy Hook, Fort at. . . .N. J. . 
San Jose Point, Battery Cal. . . 

Saratoga, Fort D. C. . . 

ScAiiMEL, Fort Me. . . . 

Schlosser, Fort N. Y. , 

ScnoYLER Fort N. Y. . 

Scott, Camp Utah. . 

Scott, Fort Ga . . . 

Scott, Fort Kan. . . 

Scott, Martin, Battery.. D. C. . 

Scott, Martin, Fort Tex . . 

Scott, Winfield, CAMr...NEV.. 
Searle, Fort Ala. . . 

Sedgwick, Fort Col. . , 

Sedgwick, Fort Va 

Seldon, Fort N. M. , 

Seneca, Fort Ohio . , 

Severn, Fort Md. . . , 

Sewall, Fokt iLiS , 

Seward, Fort Cal . . 

Shackleford, Fort Fla. . 

Shannon, Fort Fla.. 

Shelby, Fort Mich. 

Ship Isi^nd, Fort at .Mis?. . 

Sill, Battery D. C. . 

SiMcoE, Fort Wash. 

Simmons, Fort Fla . . 

SniMONS, Fort Md 

Slemmer, Fort D. C. 

Slocum, Fort D. C. . 

Smead, Battery D.C.. 

Smith, C. F., Camp- Or. . . 

Smith, C. F. , Fort Mon. . 

Smith, C. F., Fort Va. . . 

Smith, Fort .\rk. . 

Snelling, Fort Min . . 

Snyder, Fort D. C. 

Si'ANisu Fort Ala. . 

Springheld Armory Mas. . 

St, Anthony, Fort ..... Min. . 

St. Charles Fort La . . 

St. Clair, h ort Omo . 

St. Fernando, Fort Ten. . 



Temporary post in Florida War, right bank of Orange Lake Creek 
6 miles west of Fort Brooke. 

St. Louis. 

Temporary post, west side of Sabine Pass, La., 3 miles from the 

Gulf of Mexico, and 3 miles below Sabine City. 
San Augustine, St. John's County, Fla. (Broken up.) 
San Antonio, Bexar County, Tex. 
San Antonio, Boxar, Tex. 
Near the Big Laramie, and a mile south of the Lodge Polo Creek 

route. 
One of the defenses of Knoxville, Ten., west of the city and north 

of the Holston River. (Built during the rebellion.) 
Temporary post near Garey-s Ferry ; established in Florida War. 
At Lower Sandusky, on the left bank of the Sandusky River. (See 

Fort Stephenson.) 
Northern end, ".Sandy Hook." 
San Jose Point, San Francisco. 

One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
House Island, Portland Harbor, Me., opposite Fort Preble. 
Right bank of Niagara River, above the Falls, about )4 mile west 

of the mouth of Gill Creek. (Obliterated.) 
Throg's Neck, north side of Junction of East River with Long Island 

Sound. 
Near Fort Bridger, in the Valley of Black's Fork of Green River. 
Right bank of Flint River, 4 miles above the mouth of Spring River. 
About 3 miles west of the Missouri State line, on the right bank of 

Marmiton River. 
One of the defenses of Wasbington, north of Potomac, at the 

Chain Bridge. 
North of Fredericksburg, on Baron's Creek of Pcrdinales River, a 

tributary of the Colorado. 
Paradise Valley, near Unionville. 
Temporary post, 6 miles east of Picolata, on the St. John's River ; 

established during Florida War. 
South fork of the Pkitto, opposite mouth of Lodge Pole Creek. 
One of the works constructed before Petersburg during the siege. 
Left bank of the Rio Grande, 8 miles from Dona Aua. 
Stockade built in 1812, on left bank of Sandusky River, 9 miles 

north of Tiffin. 
Annapolis, Md., on the right bank of Severn River. 
At Marblehead, west entrance to Marblehead Harbor, Mas. (Old 

Fort Head.) 
On the Eel River, 65 miles S. E. of Fort Humboldt. 
Temporary post in Florida War ; outskirts of Big Cypress Swamp. 
Temporary work at Pilatka, left bank of the St. John's River; built 

in Florida War. 
At Detroit, Mich. 

On ths western end of Ship Island, in Mississippi Sound. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
Simcoe Valley, midway between the Topinish and Simcoe. 
Temporary post on the left bank of the Ci.iloosahatchio, about 40 

miles from Fort Dulaney ; established in Florida War. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C. , north of Potomac 
One ol the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
Near the Pueblo Mines, about 8 miles S. E. from Camp .\lvord. 
Right bank of Big Horn River, 8 miles above mouth of Rolton Grass 

Creek. 
One of the dofonsoa of Washington, D. C., south of Potomac. 
Right bank of tho Arkansxs, at the moath of Poteau River. 
Right bank of tho Mississippi, north side of the mouth of the St. 

Peter's. (Formerly Fort St. Anthony.) 
One of tho defenses of Washington, east of Giesboro' Point. 
Left bank of Apalache River, near its mouth at Mobile B;iy, about 7 

miles duo oast from Mobile. 
SpriiigQeld. 
Junction of St. Peter's River and the Mississippi (Now Fort Snell 

ing.) 
New Orleans. (Obliterated.) 
In tho vicinity of Eaton, Preble O)., right bank of St, Clair River 

Ohio. (Attacked by Indians, 1792.) 
Spanish fort, built 1783, at mouth of Wolf River, near Memphis. 



UNITED STATES. 



33 



FORTfS, ARSENAIiS, AND I?IIIiITAR¥ POSTS. 



St. John, Fort I^ 

St. Leon, Fort La 

St Loris, Arsenal Mo. . . . 

St. Marks, Fort Fla . . . 

St. Marks, Fort Ohio. .. 

St. Philip, Fort La — 

St. I'hillip, Fort Ala. . . 

St. P*mLLip, Fort N. C. . 

Staxdish, Fort Mas. . . 

Stanley, Fort Ten . . . 

Btansbury, Fort Fla. 

Stanton, Fort D. C 

Stanton, Fort N. M . . 

STAXwrx,FoRT N. y.. 

Starke, Fort Fla. . . 

Stedman, Fort Va.. . . 

Steflacoom, Fort Wash.. 

Stephens, Fort Ala . . . 

SrEPHiiss, Fort La 

( Stephenson, Fort Ohio... 

Steiben, Fort Omo. .. 

Stevens, Fort D. C. . 

Stevens, Fort N. Y. . 

Stevens, Fort Or. . . . 

Stevens, Fort S. C. .. 

Stockton, Fort Tex,. . 

Stodder, Fort Ala. . . 

Strong, B.\ttert S. C. . . 

Strong, Fort Va 

Strothee, Fort Ala. . . 

SuLUVAN, Fort Fla... 

StJLUVAN, Fort Me. . . . 

Sully, Fort Dak.. . 

ScMNER, Fort Md. . . 

ScjiNER, Fort. .V. M . . 

Sumter, Fort S. C. . . 



SwrfT, Fort. . . 



.N. Y.. 



Tampa Bay, Ord. Depot.. Fu.. 

Tatxall, Fort Fla . . 

Taylir, Fort Fla . . 

Taylor, Fort Fla . . 

Taylor, Fort La 

Taylor, Fort Wash. . 

Tejon, Fort Cal 

Terrett, Fort Tex . . 

Tebrill, Battery D. C. . 

Tsk-Waw, Fort Cal. . . 



\}^ miles from the mouth of Bayou St. John's, at tho south side of 

Lake I'ontchartram, 6 miles N. W. from New Orleans. 
At the English Turn, right bank of tho Mississippi, below New Or- 
leans. (Built in 1812.) 
At St. Ixiuis, right bank of the Mississippi Kivor. 
At the junction of tho Wakulla and St, Mark's Rivers — now a town of 

that name. 
Left bank of ?t. Mary's River, in Mercer Co. — now a town of that 

name. (Built by Gen. Wayne.) 
Left bank of the Mississippi, west side of Bayou Mardi Gras, at 

Plaqucmine Bend, and 70 miles below New Orleans. 
Right bank of the Mobile River, 20 miles above Mobile. 
Right bank of Capo Fear River, at Old Brunswick, 11 miles south of 

Wilmington (now Fort Anderson). 
Saquish He.ad, northern entrance to Plymouth harbor, a little west of 

Fort Andrew. 
One of tho defenses of Knoxville, south of the Holston River. 
Temporary post on the left bank of the Wakulla Rivor, 9 miles above 

St. Marks; established during the Florida War. 
One of the defenses of Washington, east of the Eastern Branch, near 

Uniontown. 
Right bank of Bonita River, 20 miles east of White Mountains. 
French Fort, and rebuilt in 1776, on the Mohawk River, present site 

of Rome (called also Fort Schuyler). 
Temporary work at the mouth of the Manatee; built in Florida War. 
Work before Petersburg; built during the siege. 
Steilacoom, Puget Sound. 
Right bank of Alabama River, above Mobile. 

South side of the head of " South Pass Manchac," at Lake Maurepas. 
Lower Sandusky, on left, bank of Sandusky River ; defended by 

Croghan, 1813. {See Fort Sandusky.) 
Right bank of Uhio River, at site of Steubenville. (Obliterated). 
One of the defenses of Washington, near Toll-gate of Seventh street 

Road. {See Fort Massachusetts) 
At Ballet's Point, "Hell Gate," East River (Old Fort.) 
Point Adams, commanding south entrance to the Columbia. 
One of the defenses of Beaufort; erected during the Rol]ellion. 
Camancho Spring, on the Camanche Trail, 84 miles from Fort Lan- 
caster. 
Right bank of Alabama River, 4 miles south of its junction with the 

Tombigby. 
Ou Morris Island; constructed for siege operations against Fort 

Wagner, &c. 
One of the deienses of Washington D. C, north of Potomac (formerly 

Fort Do Kalb.) 
Temporary post in Creek War, right bank of the Coosa River, at the 

mouth of Bridge Creek, below the " Ten Islands." 
Tempo.-ary post established during Florida War, left bank of a 

small stream, tributary of Hillsboro River, S, E. of Fort Foster. 
Dudley or Treat's Island, commanding south and east entrance to 

Eastp irt harbor. 
Left bank of tho Missouri, near the mouth of the Cheyenne River. 
One of the dol'onses of Washington, D. C, above Chain Bridge (late 

Fort Franklin). 
Left bank of the Pecos River. Lat. 34° 19' 45" ; Long. 104° 9'. 
Entrance to Charleston harbor, on made islind, midway between 

Forts Moultrie and Johnson 
At Brooklyn, District and Moser streets. (Old Fort.) 

Tampa Bay. (Broken up 1850.) 

Temporary post during Florida War— Okeeflnokeo Swamp. 

Key West harbor. 

Temporary post during Florida War, at the extreme western end of 

Lake Winder. 
Right bank of Red River, GO miles b:!low Alexandria, a little west 

of the mouth of Bayou do Lonoir. 
Left bank f)f Snake River, 60 miles above its mouth. 
Near T-jon Indian Reservation, and 90 miles north of S.an Angelos. 
Left bank of North Fo.-k of the Llano Rivor. Lat. 30° 38' ; Long, 

100° 21'. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac, near Tenally 

town. 
Klamath Reservation, near Crescent city. 



34 



MILITARY POSTS OF THE 



FOKT8, ARSEIVAI^IS*, AND ItlllilTARY P08TS. 



Thayer, Fort D. C. . . 

Thompson, Fort Dak. . . 

Thosipson, Fort Fla . . . 

TnoKX, Fort N. U.. 

Thoulocse, Fort Ala. . . 

TiLUXGHAST, Fort Va. . . , 

ToMBiGBEE, Fort Ala . . . 

ToMPiuxs, Fort Fla. . , 

Tompkins, Fort N. Y. 

Tompkins, Fort N. Y. 

ToTTBN, Fort D. C. , 

Tow.vsEND, Fort Wash, 

Towso.v, Fort L T. . 

Tract, Fort Ala. . 



Tpen-holm, Fort . . 
Trumbull, Fort.. . 
Trton, Fort 



....Ct.... 
....N. Y., 



Tdcson,Postat Arl .. 

Umpqua, Fort. Or. . . . 

U.vioN, Camp Cal. .. . 

Dnion, Fort Dak.. , 

Union, Fort N. M. . 

Van Courtland, Fort . . Fla. . . 

Vancouver Arsenal Wash , 

Vancouver, Fobt Wash 

Van Swearlngen, Fort. ..Fla. . . 

Verde, Camp Tex. . 

Vermont Battery D. C. 

Vinton, Fort Fla.. . 

ViRGLMA, Fort .N. Y. 

VosE, Fort Fla. . 



Wadswortii, Fort Dak. . 

Wadswortu, Fort N. Y. 



Wadswortii, Fort. . 
Wagner, Fort .... 
Wagner, Fort. ... 
Wakahootee, Fort. 



.Va... 
.D. C. 
.S. C. 
.Fla.. 



Wakasassa , Fort Fla . . . 

Walbacu, Camp Neb. . . 

Walker, Fort Fla... 

Walker, Fort Ga. . . . 

Walker, Fort S. C. . . 

WALI.ACE, Fort Kan. . . 

Waltji Walla, Fort Wash.. 

Wallen, Fort Arl. . . 

Ward, Fort Fiji. . . 

Ward, Fort Va.. . . 

Warner, Camp Or.... 

Warrkx, Fort Mas. . . 

WASmNOTON Arse.nal D. C. . 

Washington, Fort Mo. . . , 



One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac, near the rail- 
road to Bladensburg. 

Left bank of the Missouri, at Crow Creek Agency. 

Temporary post on left bank of the Caloosahatchio, near the mouth 
of Lake Flirt. 

Right bank of the Rio Grande, north of San Diego. 

(See. Fort Jackson, A\a.) 

One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, before Arlington. 

Entrance to Mobile Bay (now Fort Gaines). 

Temporary post during the Florida War, between Trader's Hill 
and the St. Mary's River, 8 miles west of Coleraine. 

Staten Island, at the " Narrows," on height above Fort Wadsworth. 

Old fort at Navy Point, Sackett's Harbor, Lake Ontario. (Ob- 
literated). 

One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 

Near Port Townsend. 

Near lelt bank of Red River, 6 miles west of Arkansas, lat. 33° 51', 
long. 95° 1'. 

Right bank of Blakely River, above Its junction with the Apalache, 
three-fourths of a mile from Fort Huger. (Built by Rebels to 
command Blakely River.) 

Left bank ot Stono River ; Rebel defenses of Charleston. 

Right bank of Thames River, a little below New London. 

In New York city, about three-fourths of a mile north of Fort 
Washington. 

Tucson. 

Near mouth of Umpqua River, site of Qmpqua city. 
Temporary post at Sacramento. 

Left bank of the Missouri River, 5 miles above the mouth of the Yel- 
lowstone River (now Fort Buford). 
Near More River, and 7 miles from Gallina Mountains. 

Temporary post during the Florida War, in the forks of the roads 

at the head of Kingby's Pond, 
Fort Vancouver, Clark County. 

Right bank of Columbia River, 8 miles north of Portland, Or. 
Temporary post in Florida War, north-east of Lake Okecchobe, about 

11 miles S. E. from Fort Lloyd. 
In the forks formed by the Val Verde, and Turtle Creeks of the 

Guadaloupe River, 55 miles N. W. of San Antonio. 
One of the defenses of Washington, north of Potomac. 
Temporary post 17 miles N. W. from Fort Capron on Indian River; 

established in Florida War. 
Old fort at the town of Sacketts' Harbor. 
Temporary post, left bank of Oscilla River, 24 miles from its 

mouth ; established in Florida War. 

On Kettle Lake, 80 miles S. W. of Fort Abercrombie, Min. 

On Staten Island, west side of the Narrows entrance to New York 

harbor. (See Fort Richmond.) 
One of the works constructed before Petersburg during tlio siege. 
One of the defenses of Washington, east of Uuioutown. 
Rebel work near north end of Morris' Island. 
Temporarv post, 9 miles S. W. from Miconopy; established during 

Florida War. 
Ten\porary post near the left bank of Wakasassa River, about 24 

miles from its mouth ; established in Florida War, 
ChcyeniK^ Pass, on Lodge Polo Creek, 
Temporary post during Florida War, in the vicinity west of Alachua 

Prairie, about 12 miles S. E, from Newnansville. 
Temporary post during Florida War. — Okoeflnokee Swamp. 
Rebel work on Hilton Head. (Captured 1861.) 
South fork of Smoky Ilill River, opposite mouth of Rose Creek. 
Walla Walla Valli'y, 35 miles east of Columbia River. 
Left bank of the Rio San Pedro, near the mouth of Babocomori 

Creek, oast of Tubac. 
Temi)orary post during Florida War, left bank of the Oulustee Creek, 

above its mouth on Siinta Fi; River. 
One of the defenses ol Washington, D. C, south of the Potomac. 
Head of Christmas Lake. N, E. from Fort Bidwell in California, 
George's Island, Boston harbor, 
Wa.shington city. 
Left bank of the Potomac, nearly opposite Mount Vernon. 



UNITED STATES. 



35 



FORTti, AR8X:iVAL,S, AIVD IHII.ITARY POiiiTS. 



Washington, FoKT X. Y.. 

WksniNGToN, Fort Ohio . 

W vsinTA , Fort I. T . 

Watervijet Arsicxal N. Y. 

Watertown Arsenal Mas. . 

Watson, Cami' Or. . . 

Watson, Fort S. C. . 



Wayne, Vort Ind.. . 

WaTOE, FuRT 1 T. . 

Wayne, Fo-:t Mich . 

WEB3Tf;i! , F )RT N. M. 

Weep, FortT Va.. . 

WEKIWA , F 3RT Fla . 



Weller.Fort Cal. . 

Wells, Fort S. C. 

WfSi^ELLS, Fort N. C . 

Westcott, Fokt Fla . . 



West, Fort \. M. 

West Point Mil. Acad'y . .. N'. Y . 
Wheelock, Fort Fl.\. . 

Whipple, Fort Ari . . 

Whipple, Fort Va. . . 

WuiTE, Fort Fla . . 

WmiES, Fort Ala.. 

WHnn.ESEY, Fort Ky.. . 

WtLLARD.FORT Va.. 

WiLLET'.s PoLvr, Fort at. .X. Y'. 

■WmiAMS, Fort Ala. . 

Wn.'iAMS, Fort. N . C. 

Wn.LiAMS, Fort Va. . . 

WiLUAMS, Castle X. Y . 

WiLKiNS. Fort Mjch. 

WiLKLvso.v, Fort Ga. . . 

Winchester, Fort Ohio . 



WiNO.WE, Fort X. M. 

Wl\:«ebago. Fort Wis . . 



WiNTHROP, Fort Mas. 

Winyah, Fort S. C. . 

Wolcott, Fori R. I. 

Woodbury, Fort Va. . , 

Wood, Furt Fla. . 

Wood, Fort X. Y. 

Wool, Fort Fla. . 



Wool, Fort Va. . 

WoosTER, Fort Cr . . 



Worth, Fort Tex . 

Worth, Fort V'a. . 

Wright, Fort. Cal 

Wright, Fort Ten. 



Yamhill, Fort Or. . . 

YcMA, Fort Cal.. 

Zarah, Fort Kan. . 



r/ift bauk of tho Hudson, bjtwoju ISlsl and 186tb streets. Now York 

oity. 
Obliterated fort on tbe presout site of Cincinnati. 
Lett banlc of the Washit i Itivjr, 22 miles above its mouth 
West Troy, on the right banic of tho Hudson River. 
Watertown. left ban'c of Charles River, 8 miles from Boston. 
Oil tho Dalles and Canon City ro.id. 150 miles .'^. K. of Fort Dalles. 
British stockade on Wright's Blufl, on the left bank of Scott's Lake 

of the Santee River. (Captured by Marion 1781.) 
Allen Cii., on site of t)wn of Fort Wayne. 
Near western boundary of Missouri, in N. E. corner of Indian 

Territory. 
Right b ink of Detroit Strait, 3 miles below Detroit. 
At the Capper Mines in South West New Mexico. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, S. W. of Alexandria. 
Temporary post during Florida War, left bank of Spring Creek, about 

1 mile above its mouth. 
Head waters of Russian River, 50 miles from Clovorsdale. 
Formerly Fort Walker, north of Hilton Head. (Captured 1S61.) 
One of the defenses of I'lymouth ; built during the Rebellion. 
Tomporary post during Florida War, southern extremity of the State, 

in the " Evergla les." 
Near heal waters of the Gila River. 

Right bauk of the Hu Ison River, 52 miles north of New York. 
Temporary post established during the Florida War, on the S. W. 

end of Orange Lake. 
Near Prescott. 

One of tho defenses of Washington, D. C, at Arlington Heights. 
Temporary post established during Florida War, left bank of the 

Santa Fe River, about 7 miles from its mouth. 
Vicinity of Macon. Clarke Co. between the Alabama and Tombigbeo 

Rivers. 
One of the defensive works of Covington. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, S. W. of Alejcandria. 
Long Island, at junction of East River and Long Island Sound, oppo- 
site Fort bchuyler. 
Left bank of the Coosa River, at the north side of the mouth of Cedar 

Creek. 
One of the defenses of Plymouth ; built during the Rebellion. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, on Traitor's Hill. 
North-western extremity of Governor's Island, New York harbor. 
At Copper Harbor, Lake Superior, 1>^ miles east of the town of Cop- 
pi^ r Harbor. 
Right bank of the Oconee River, north side of the mouth of Camp 

Creek, below Millodgeville. 
Near site of Fort Deflanco. at junction of the Auglaizs with the 

Maumee. 
Right bank of the Rio de Galto, 21 miles S. W. of Mount Taylor. 
Right bank of the Upper Fox River, near the east end of the canal 

connecting that river with the Wisconsin River. 
Governor's Island, Boston harbor, on site of old Fort Warren. 
Georgetown. 

Goat Island, Newport harbor. 

One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of Potomac. 
At Chef .Menteur Pa.ss to Lake Pontchartrain. 
Bedloe's Island, New York harbor. 
Temporary post during Florida War, right bank of the Suwanee River, 

10 miles from its mouth. 
Rip Raps in Hampton Roads (formerly Fort Caihoun) . 
On height between New Haven and East Haven, 1 mile N. E. from 

Fort Hale. 
Right bank oi the Clear Fork of the Trinity, near Dallas. 
One of the defenses of Washington, D. C, south of Potomac. 
Round Valley, in Mendocino Co. 
Rebel work, left bank of the Mississippi River, 12 miles above the 

mouth of the Big Hatchee River, 6 miles above Fort Pillow. 

South fork of Yamhill River, on N. E. part of Indian Coast Reser- 
vation. 
Right bank of the Colorado, opposite mouth of Gila River. 

Left bank of Walnut Creek, near its mouth on the Arkansas River, 35 
miles below Fort Larned. 



REGISTER 



OFFICERS 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY 



FKOM MABCH 16, 1802, TO JULY 1, 1807. 



OFFICERS 



U. S. MILITAKY ACADEMY. 



g^ Officers whose names are marked with a * were not Graduates of the Military Academy; their 
Histories will be found sketched on the pages following this list of Officers. 



COMMAND OF THE MIIilTARY ACADEMY. 



NO. APPOIXTaSST AND .\A»S. 



' 7 



SUPKBIXTENDENTS. { 



Jonathan Williams*. 
Jonathan Williams*. 
Joseph G Swilt 

Sylvanus Thayer 

Rene E. DeRussy 

Richard Delafleld ... 
U Henry Brewertoa ... 

15 Robert E. Lee 



John G. Barnard 

Richard Delafleld 

Alexander H. Bowman. 

Zealous B, Tower. 

George W. Cullum. . . . 
Thomas G. Pitcher 



iBUY BASK WaBN APPOIXTKD. 



INSPECTORS, t 

Joseph G. Swift 

Walter K. Armistead. . . 

Alexander .Macomb*. 

Charles Gratiot 

Joseph G. Totten .... 
Richard Delafleld 

Edmund Schriver ... 



f Col. Corps of Bhigineers, I 
\ Bvt. Brig.-Gen. U. S. A. J 

Colonel, Corps of Engineers . . . 



TEBM OF 9BBVICE. 



Corps of Engineers, 1 



fCol. ...^_ .. __, 

\ Bvt. Brig.-Gen., U. S. A 
f Col. Corps of Engineers, I 
( Bvt. Brig.-Gen., U. S. A.. J 
Colonel, Carps of Kngino-ers . . . . 
' Brig.-General, Corps of En- ) 

gineers J 

Col., Insp.-General's Dspt., | 
Bvt. Slajor-Gen. , U. S. A. . / 



Major, Corps of Engineers 

Lieut. -CoL Corps of Engineers.. 
Colonel, Corps of Engineers . . . . 
f Captain, Corps of Engineers, ) 

\ Bvt. Major, U. S. A j 

Major, Corps of Engineers 

Major, Corps of Engineers 

Captain, Corps of Engineers 

Captain, Corps of Engineers, | 

Bvt. Colonel, U. S. A J 

Captain, Corps ol Engineers, I 

Bvt. ilajor, U. S. A J 

Major, Corps of Engineers 

Major, Corps of Engineers 



Major, Corps of Engineers, 1 
Brig. -General, U. S. Vols.. J 

Lieut. -Col. Corps of Eng., I 

Brig.-General, U. S. Vols. J 

' Colonel, 44lh Infantry, ) 

Bvt. Brig.-Gen., U. S. A../ 



April 7, 1818 
Nov. 12,1818 
June 1, 1821 
May 24, 1823 



Xov. 12, 1818 
June 1, 1S21 

May 21, 1828 

Dec. T, 1838 
Dec. 7, 18.8! April 22, 1864 
April 22, 1864 July 30,1836 

July 30, 1866 



April 15,1802 June 
April 19 , 1805 § July 
July 



July 31, 1812 

July 28,1817 

July 1, 1833 

Sep. 1, 18o8 

Xug. 15,1845 

Sop. 1, 1S52 

Mar. 31,1855 



Sep. 8, 18561[ 
March 1,1861 

July 



Sep. 

Mar. 

July 

8, 1864 Sep. 



July 

Sep. 
Aug. 
Sep. 

Mar. 



Sep. 8, 1864 
Aug. 28,1866 



20, 1803§ 
31, 1812 
28, 1817 

1, 1833 

1, 1838 
15, 1845 
1, 1852 

31, 1855 

8, 1856 

1, 186111 
8, 1864 

8, 1864 



Aug. 28,1866 



Resigned. 

( Ap. Col. 

( 3d Art. 

rPro. t) 
-; Gen.-in- 

( Chief. 
Dismissed 

Died. 

RelieveJ. 



Resigned. 
Resigned. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved, 
Relieved. 



Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relie,-e.U 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 



t The Chief Engineer was a offlcio Inspector of the Military Academy, from April 7, ISIS, till the pa8s.ige of the 
law of July 13, 18C6, which provided that the "chaise ol the Academy shall be in the War Depaitmeut, under such 
olllceras the Secretary of War may assign to that duty." 

t The selection of the Superintendents of the Military Academy was confined to the Corps of Engineers from the 
establishment of the iustltutlon, March 16, 1S02, till the passage of the law of July 13, 1S66, which opened it to the 
entire army. By the act of June 12, 185S, the local rank of Colonel was conferred upon the Superintendent. 

§ Major Williams resigned June 20, 1S03, on a point of rank, and pending Its settlement to April 19, 1S05, when hs 
again rctuiue 1 to service as Chief Engineer, no permanent Su|>eiiulendent of the Military Academy was appointed, the 
command devolving upon the Senior OHicer of the Corps of Engineers present for duty. 

n During the absence of Colonel Swift from West I'olnt, on war or other services, while he was Superintendent, the 
command of the Military Academy devolved on Captain Alden Partridge or other senior officer ol the Corps of Engineers 
present for duty. 

T Bvt. Major P. O. T. Beauregard, Corps of Engineers, by order of the Secretary of Wbp, John B. Floyd, relieved 
Colonel Delalield Jan. 23, 1861, from the superlntendency of the Military Academy, but was himself displaced lu live days 
after, Jan. 2«, 1861, ly direction of the succeeding Secretary of War, Joseph Holt, the command again devolTlng 
on Colonel Delalield. 



40 



OFFICERS OF THE 



inil^ITART STAFF. 



ArPOIXTMEST AND NAMB. 



ABUT BANS WHEN APPOINTED. 



TEBM OF SERVICE. 



ADJUTANTS. 

George W. Gardiner. . 

James D. Graham 

George W. Gardiner . . 

George Blaney 

Patrick H. Gait* 

George Blaney 

Henry H. Gird 

Frederick L. Griffith.. 

Charles F. Smith 

George G. Waggaman. 

Joseph Hooker 

Irvin McDowell 

Isaac S. K. Reeves. . . . 

Scth Williams 



Fitz- John Porter..,. 

James B. Fry 

Samuel B. Holabird. 

Herman Biggs 

Edward C. Boynton. 



QFARTEEMASTEE3. 



2d Lieut. Corps of Artillery. . , 
3d Lieut. Corps of Artillery... 
1st Lieut. Corps of Arlillery. . 
1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

1st Lieut. Corps of E'lgmocrs. , 

'2d Lieut. 4th Artillery .... 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 2d Artillery , 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery. 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery and 
Bvt. Capt. U. S. A 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery and 

Bvt. Maj. D. S. A 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Infantry 

2d Lieut. 1st Infantry 

Capl. 11th Infantry 



Oct. 

03t. 

Feb. 
Mar. 
May 
Aug. 
June 
May 
ep. 
Feb. 
July 
Nov 
Oct. 



isie- 

1817 
1819 
1820 
1821 
1822 
1824 
1827 
1831 
1839 
1841 
1841 
1846 



Sop. 
Feb. 
Mar. 
Mar. 



May 13, 

May 25, 

April 20, 

Sep. 

April 

July 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Sep. 



181 

1819 

1820 

1821 

1822 

1824 

1827 

1831 

1838 

1841 

1S41 

1845 

1850 



Tr. to 119. 

Relieved, 

Relieved. 

Relieved, 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 125 

Relieved 

Relieved. 

Relieved 

Relieved. 



Sep. 28,1850 



Sep. 1, 1853 Relieved 



Sep. 

Aug 
■ep. 
May 
Oct 



1, 1853 

1, 1854 

2, 1859 
13, 1861 
10, 1861 



Z. 1, 1854 

Aug. 31, 1859 

May 13,1861 

Oct. 10, 1861 



Tr. to 260. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



Henry Stanton* 

James Green* 

Mn(sa& Mackay*. ... 
John L. Gardner*. . . . 
Lucien B. Webster.. . 
Joseph A. Phnlips... 
J. Edmund Blake.. .. 
Henry Swartwout . . 
Isaac S. K. Reeves. . . 

Henry C. Wayne 

Richard S. Smith 

George D. Brewerton*. . . 

Richards. Smith 

Quincy A. Gillmore .. 

.John Gibbon. 

John T. Greble 

Samuel S. Carroll 

Edward C. Boynton.. 

William Sinclair 



Capt. Staff (A. D.Q. M.) 

Capt. Staff (A. D. Q. M.) 

Capt. 3d Artillery 

Capt. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 7th Infantry 

Bvt. 2 J Lieut. 6th Infantry. . 

2d Lieut. 3d Infantry 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 7th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 1st Infantry 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 10th Infantry 

Capt. 11th Infantry 

f 1st Lieut. 3d Artillery and \ 
\ Bvt. Maj. U. S. A j 



CHIEF MEDICAL 0FP1CEB9. 

John Watson* 

Samuel A. Walsh* 

James Cutbush* 

Lyman Foot* 

JdSiah Everett* 

Walter V, Wheaton* 

Charles McDougall* . . . 

J. J. B. Wright* 

John M. Cuylcr* 

Samuel P. Moore* 

Charles McDougall* 

•lohn F. Head* 

Eugene H. Abadie* 

JotmF. Head* 



May 30, 

Oct. 22, 

-May 17, 

May 27, 

Oct. 24, 

June 26, 

May 25, 

Miy 

Sep. 

July 

Dec. 

Jan. 

April 

Sep. 

Sep. 

Aug, 

Jan. 

Xov. 



Sep. 30, 1865 



Surgeon's Mate . . 

Post Surgeon 

Post Surgeon 

Assistant Surgeon. 

Surgeon 

Surgeon 

Surgeon 

Surgeon 

Surgeon 

Surgeon 

Surgeon 

Surgeon 

Surgeon 

Surgeon 



1818 
1818 
1824 
1S29 
1830 
1834 
1835 
18.37 
1842 
1843 
1846 
1851 
1851 



Sep. 

May 

May 

Oct. 

June 

May 

July 

Sep. 

July 

June 

Jan. 

April 

Sep 



1855 Sep. 

1856 Aug. 



1859 
1860 
1861 



Ian, 
Nov. 
Sep, 



19, 1818 

17, 1824 

27, 1829 

24, 1830 

26, 1834 

25, 1835 

29, 18:;6 

1,1842 

1, 1843 

11, 1846 

31, 1851 

1,1851 

1, 1855 

15, 1856 

31, 1859 

5. ISKO 

11 ; 1861 

30, 1865 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved, 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved, 
Relieved, 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved, 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved, 



Nov. 

Aug. 

June 

Nov. 

Aug 

Nov. 

Sep. 

June 

Dec. 

June 

April 

Jan. 

July 

Oct. 



22, 1803 

9, 1813 

22, 1S20 

18, 1821 

6, 1822 

10, 1826 

18, 1846 

20, 1848 

12. 1848 

2, 1855 

2, 1860 
23, 18621 

3, 1862: 
18, 1864 



May 31, 

June 22, 

Nov. 18, 

Aug, 6 , 

Nov. 10, 

May 1, 

Juno 20, 

Dec. 12, 

April 3, 

April 2, 

.Ian. 23, 

July 3, 

Oct. 10, 



1812 

1820 

1821 

1822 

1826 

1846 

184S 

1848 

1S55 

1860 

181 

1862 

1864 



Died, 

Relieved, 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved, 

Relieved, 

Relieved, 

Relieved. 

Relieved, 

Relieved 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 



41 



MIliITARY STAFF. 



99 
100 
101 
102 
103 
104 
105 
106 
107 
108 
109 
110 
111 
112 
113 
114 
115 
116 
117 



APPOINTMENT AND NAME. 



ASST. MEDICAL OFFICERS. 

Benjamin King* 

Samuel G. I. DeCamp* . . 

.losiah D. Harris* 

Philip Maxwell* 

Robert E. Kerr* 

Thomas Heuderson* 

William W. Hoxtou* 

G. F. Turner* 

Joseph K. Barnes* 

Charles M. Hitchcocli*.. 

Kobert Southgate* 

James Simons* 

William A. Hammond*. . 

Joseph K. Barnes* 

Jolm Campbell* . . . . 

John F Hammond* 

Glover Porin* 

Dallas Bache* 

Charles Page* 

Albert Hartsuff* 

H. I^awrence Sheldon*. . 
Edward S. Dunster*. . . . 

Elias J. Marsh* 

denry McEldorry* 



TREASUTSEBS. 



Adam Ehnpie* , 

Thomas J. Leslie 

Charles Davies 

Alexander J. Swift 

Frederic A. Smith 

George W. CuUum 

Biirton S. Alexander. . . , 

Richard S. Smith 

Quincy A. Gillraore 

Andrew J. Donelson, Jr 

James C. Duane 

Cyrus B. Comstock 

William P. Craighill 

George H. Mendell 

William P. Craighill 

Miles D. McAlester 

William P. Craighill 

Francis U. Farquhar. . . . 

William A. Jones 

Henry M. Robert 



PAYMASTEB. 

118 Thomas J. Leslie 



ARMY B.INK WHEN APrOISTED. 



ASSt. 

Asst. 
.\sst. 
.Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
.■vsst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 

St. 

Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 
Asst. 



Surgeon.. 
Surgeon. . 
Surgeon.. 
Surgeon.. 
Surgeon,. 
Surgeon.. 
Surgeon.. 
Surgeon .. 
Surgeon.. 
Surgeon.. , 
Surgeon. . , 
Surgeon.., 
Surgeon . . 
Surgeon. . 
Surgeon . . 
Surgeon.. 
Surgeon. . 
Surgeon. . 
Surgeon, . 
Surgeon,. 
Surgeon. . 
Surgeon. . 
Surgeon , . 
Surgeon. . 



2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 



Capt Corps of Engineers 

Capt. Corps of Engineers 

Capt. C«rps of Engineers.. . . 
21 Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . , 
1st Lioul. Corps of Engineers. 
1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . 
1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
1st Lieut. Corps of i^gineers. 

Capt. Top'l Engineers 

1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . 

Capt. Corps of Engineers 

Capt. Corps of Engineers 

Capt. Corps of Engineers 

1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers.. 
Capt. Corps of Engineers 



Bvt. 2 J Lieut . Corps of Engineers 



TEBM OF BEBVICB. 



April 

Aug. 

Jan. 

July 

Xov. 

Feb. 

Nov. 

<ep. 

July 

Dec. 

Aug. 

Feb. 

Nov. 

.Jan. 

June 

June 

.\pril 

June 

Xov. 

June 

Jan. 

Nov. 

Dec. 

June 



Mar. 
Oct. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
.Sep. 
Mar. 
July 
Jan. 
■Sep. 
ep. 
Mar. 
Jan, 
July 
June 
Oct, 
Nov. 
June 
Aug. 
June 
Aug. 



28, 1823 

1,1S28 

23, 1832 

29, 1832 

29, 1832 
25, 1834 

30, 1835 
1, 18.39 

10,18J0 

14, 1840 

11, 1845 

5, 1850 

14, 1853 

3, 18.54 

1, 1857 

11, 18G0 

6, 1861 

5, 1S61 

29, 1861 

10, 1S62 

14. 1863 

IT, 1863 

22, 1865 

18, 1866 



-Aug. 19 

Nov. 24, 

July 29; 

Oct. 4 

May 7 

Oct, 13 

Sep. 30 

April 24 

Nov. 9 

April 2J 

Jan. 24: 

April 7 

Feb. 21 

Juno 1, 

July 16! 

April 24 

Sep. 2 

N'ov. 29, 

Juue 10 

Tan. 14 

Dec. 28 

Dec. 22, 



1815 

1816 

1841 

1845 

1846 

184 

1848 

1852 

18.55 

1856 

1859 

1861 

1861 

1862 

1862 

1863 

1864 

1864 

1865 

1865 



Nov. 27,1815 



BEMARES. 



1823 Relieved. 
1S2S I Relieved. 
1832 Relieved. 
1^32 Relieved. 



1S33 
1835 
18^9 
1840 
1840 
1845 
1850 
1854 
1854 
1S5T 
186U 
1861 
1861 
1861 
1862 
1863 
1863 
1865 



.April 29, 1S67 



Oct, 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Sep. 
Mar. 
July 
Jan. 
Sep. 
Sep, 
Feb. 
.fan. 
July 
June 
Oct. 
Juue 
Juue 
Aug. 
Juno 
Aug. 



31, 1816 
11,1841 
19, 1845 
12, 1846 
25, 1848 
28, 1848 
24, 185-J 
1,1855 
11, 1856 

24, 185S 
18, 1861 
27, 1861 
24, 1862 

25, 186: 
6, 1863 

22, 1864 
31 ; 1864 
16, 1865 
31, 1865 



Resigned. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
l-ielieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved, 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved, 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 



Relieved, 

Relieved. 

Resigned. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved, 

Relieved. 

Relieved, 

Relieved, 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved 



Julv 7, 18C8 



Tr. to P. D. 



42 



OFFICERS OF THE 



DEPARTMENT OF TACTICS. 



in 

120 
121 



123 
124 

l--'5 
126 
127 



123 
130 



132 
133 
131 



APPOINTMENT AND NAME 



COMMANDANTS OP 
CADETS, t 

Goorgo W. Gardiner . . . 

John miss* 

.lolmK, Boll 

William JL Worth* 

Etliiin A. Hitchcock . . . 

.Idhn Fowle* 

Charles F. Smith 

J. Addison Thomas . . . 
Bradford R. Aldeu 

Robert S. Garnett 

William a T. Walker.. 
William J. Hardee 



2J Lieut. Corps of Artillery . 

C.ipUiin. 6th Iul':iDtry 

C.iptaiti, Light Artillery. 



f Captain, 2d Infautry and ) 

1 Bvt. Major, U. S. A / 

diptain, Isl Imanlry 



137 

1 8 
139 



141 
142 
143 
144 
145 



147 
1!8 



lljO 
151 
152 



154 



John F. Reynolds 

Christopher C. Augur 

Keimer Garrard 

Henry K Clilz 

John C. Tidball 



Henry M. Black. 



AB51Y RANE WUKN AP?01NTKD. 



ptain, Isl Imanlry 

Major, 3.1 Inlantry 

1st Liout. 2 1 Artillery 

1st Lieut. 3 1 Artillery 

C iptaiu, 4th Inlantry 

f Captain, 7th Infantry and ) 
\ Bvt. Major, U. S. A .... J 
f Captain, 6th Infantry ii dl 
\ Bvt. Lieut. -Col. , U. S. .-. . . J 
/Major. 2'1 Civalry and | 
\ Bvt. Lieut. Col. . U. S. A.. / 
(Captain, 31 Artillery audi 

\ Bvt. Major, U. S. A j 

Major, 13th Infantry 

Captain, 5th C.ivalry 

Major, 12th Infantry 

f Captain, 2(1 Artillery and) 

■j Colonel U. S. Vols | 

( Mnjor, Tih Infantry and "i 
\ Colonel, D. S. Vols J 



INSTRUCTORS OF 
INFANTRY. 



William J Worth* .. 

Fthan A. Hitchcock . 

John Fowle* 

Charles F. Smith 

•J. Addison Thomas . 
Bradford R. Alden... 



Robert S. Garneu 

William H. T. Walker 
William J. Hardee 



TEBM OF SEBVICE. 



ep. 
April 
Feb. 

Mar. 

Mar. 

July 

April 

.-ep. 

Dec. 

Nov. 



15, 1S17 
2, 1818 
8, 1819 

17, 1820 

13, 1829 
10, 1833 

1,1838 
1, 1842 

14, 1845 

1. 1852 



.Vi il 2, 
Jan. 11, 
Mar. 17. 



1818 
1819 
1820 



Dec. 2, 1828 



June 24, 
Mar. 31, 
ep. 1, 
Dec. 14. 
N'ov. 1, 



1833 

1838 

1S42 

184 

1852 



July 31, 1854 
July 31, 1854 May 27, 1856 
July 22, 1856 Sep. 8, 1860 
ep. 8, 1860 June 25, ISU 



Aug. 26, 1861 Dec. 
Dec. 5, 1861 >ep. 
July 



Oct. 23, 1862 
July 10, 1861 

.Sep. 22, 1864 



5, 1861 
25, 186; 
4, 1864 



Sep, 22, 1864 



Relieved, 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
R'licved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 



George W. Gardiner 2d Lieut, Corps of Artillery 

.John Bliss* Captain, 6th Infantry 

John R. Bell Captain, Light Artillery 

Captain, 2d Infantry and ) 
Bvt, Major, U. S. A J 

Captain, 1st Infantry 

Major, 3 1 Infantry 

1st Lieut. 20. .Vrtillery 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Captain, 4lh Infantry 

i Captain, 7th Infantry and 
Bvt, Major, U. S. A 
Captain, 6th Jnfantrv and 
Bvt. Lieut. -Col., U.S. A.. 
S.Major, 21 Cavalry and 
Bvt. Lieut. -Od., U.S. A.. 
Captain, 3d ArtiUlery and 
Bvt. Major, U.S.A. 
ajur, loth Infantry 

Captain, 5tb Civalry 

Majoi , I'.'th Inlantry 

and 



Sep. 

.\pril 

Feb. 

Mar. 

Mar. 

July 

April 

■^ep. 

D>c. 



Christopher C. Augur 

Kenner Garrard , 

Henry B. Clitz , , 

.John 



1.5, 181 
2, 1818 
8, 1819 

17, 1820 

13, 182^ 
10, 1833 

1, 1838 
1, 1812 

14. 1845 

Xov, 1, 1852 



C.TidbxlI |C,'Ptun 

Hon-y M. Black 



155 
156 
157 
158 
1.59 
160 



William G.Belknap*.. 
Robert U Armstrong. 

Samu'-l McReo 

Zebiiia J. D. Kinsley.. 
Henry W. Griswold.. . 
Justin Dimick 



fC.iptiin, 21 Artillery 
i Colonel, U. S. Vols. 
f Major. 7lli Infantry 



and 



\ Colonel, U. S. Vols. 



July 
July 

Sep. 

Aug. 
Dec. 
Oct, 

July 



.\pril 2, ISIS 
.Jan. 11, 1819 
Mar. 17, 1820 

Dec. 2, 1828 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 

June 24, 1833 Relieved. 
Mar. 31, J 8:i8 Relieved. 
>ep. 1,184-2 
Dec. 14, 1845 1 
Nov. 1, 1852 1 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



1st Lieut, 2 I Infantry 

1st Liout. Corps of Artillery, 

2d Li3ut, 8th Infantry 

2il Lieut. Light Artillery ... 
Captain, Corps of . Vrtillery .. 
2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 



31, 1854 

22, 1856 

8, 1860 

26, 1861 
5, 1861 

23, 1862 

10, 1864 
■ep. 22, 1864 



July 31, 1854 
May 

Sep. 
June 



Doc. 

Sep. 

July 



27, 1856 
8, 1860 

25, 1861 

5, 1861 

25, 18tli 

4, 1801 

22, 1864 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 

R(Mieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 



Dec. .5, ISls 
April .30, 1819 
Aug. 31, 18211 
Djc. 3, 1820 
.Jan. 27, 1821 
Feb. 14, 1822 



\pril 4,1S10 
Nov, 4, 1819 
D.'C. 2, 1820 
Dec. 18,1823 
Feb. 14, 1822 
Sep. 28, 18'22 



Relieved. 

Relioved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 254. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 



t Tlie Commandnnl of Cadets In oharKed witli tlie command of tlietmttnllon, and with tlic Instrnctlon of Cadets In all tha 
rulen of mllltar.v police, dlarlpllne, and admlnlBtratlon. Ily the law of June 12, 1658, he la made Itietiuctor of .\rtlllcryj 
Cavalry, and lafantry Tactics, and holda the luciil rauk ol Lieutenant-Colonel. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 



43 



DEPARTMENT OF TACTICS. 



ArPOISTMKST AKD .NAME. 



Henry H. Gird 

Etlmn A. Hitchcock . . . 

Sclli M. Cipron 

Charles G. Smith 

James Grier 

rancis X. Barbarin... 

Horace Bliss 

William A. Thornton . . 

John M. Berrien 

iCss 'S Sterrett 

Folm H. Winder 

William Palmer 

Charles F. Smith 

Jiiscph L. Locke 

John F. Kennedy 

Lncicn J. Bibb 

?iiuon H. Drum 

Nathaniel S. Harris . . . 
William K Basinger. . . 

.Joseph Ritner 

Jacob Ammen 

William Wall 

William Chapman 

James Barnes 

Ward B. Burnett 

Joseph A. I'hillip? 

Richard W. Colcock . . . 

Ivimund Schriver 

Robert R. Minlge 

John A. Thomas . . . 

-Sidney Burbank 

Henrv Swartwout . . . . 

Bradford R. Alden 

George G. Wasrsraman.. 

Thomas B. Arden 

K. Auch. Wainwright., 

Bradford R. Alien 

Joseph H. Eaton 

Thomas Johns 

Bradford R. Alden 

William G Freeman.., 

William X. Grier 

Garrett Barry 

Lucius H. Allen 

Irvin JIcDowell 

Heurv C. Wayne 

E. J. "Steptoe 

Henry ?. Burton 

Robert S. Garnett 

Robert S. Granger. . . . , 

Allen H. Xorton 

Joseph L. Folsom , 

SiAuvler Hamilton ..-., 

Charles T. liilcer 

John M. Jones 

Samuel Jones , 

James M. Hawes. . ... 
Simon B. Backner .... 

Henry B. Glitz 



ARUY BASK WHEN APPOINTED. 



TEBU OF SEBTICe. 



Dabney H. Maury ... 

Divid R. .Tones 

Milton Cogswell 

Cilmus M. Wilcox... 
Anderson D. Xelson . 
Thornton A. Wa.?hington 

William H. Wood 

William H. Lewis 

John C. Kelton 

Thomas IC .Jackson .... 
Alexander McD. McCook 



Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery. . 

1st Lieut. 1st Infantry 

2d Lieut. 5th Infantry 

21 Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2 1 Liout. 4th Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. 4th Artillery 

Bvt. 2 1 Lieut. 2d Infantry . . . 
Bvt. 2 1 Lieut, of Artillery. . . . 

2 1 Lieut. 1st Artillorv 

Bvt. 2d Liout. of Artillery . . 
21 Lieut. 2d Artillery 

d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

Bvt. 2 1 Lieut. 2d Artillery . . 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery. . 
l>:t Lieut. 3d Infantry .... 
Bvt. 2d Liout. 2d Artillery . . 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Infantry . . 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. Ist Artillery . . 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 3d Artillery . . 
Byt. 2d Lieut. 5th Infantry . . 
21 Lieut. 4t.h Artillery. ..".... 
Bvt, 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery . . 

1st Lieut. 7th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 3d Infantry 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery ... 
Bvt. 2 1 Lieut. 3d Artillery . . 
Bvt. 21 Lieut. 3d Artillery . . 

21 Lieut. 1st Infantry 

2d Lieut. 3d Inf.mtry 

2d Lieut. 4th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. 7th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 4th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 3d Infantry 

1st Lieut. 8th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 4th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Dragoons 

2d Lieut 1st Infantry 

2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillery 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Infantry 

2d Lieut. 4th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 5th Infantry 

21 Lieut. 1st Infantry 

d Lieut. 6th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 7th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. 2il Dragoons 

2d Lieut. 6th Infantry 

' 2d Lieut. 3d Infantry and > 
Bvt. 1st Lieut., D. S. A.. J 
2d Lieut. Mt'd Rifles and ) 
Byt. 1st Lieut., U. S. A.. ) 

1st Lieut 2d Infantry 

2 i Lieut. 8th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 7th Infantry 

1st Liont. 6th Infantry . . 

2d Lieut. 1st Infantry 

1st Lieut. 31 Infantry 

1st Lieut. 5th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 6th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 8th Infantry 

2d Lievt. 3d Infantry 



-ep. 28, 
Feb. 1, 
May 31, 
May 29, 
D-c. 24, 
Jan. 1'', 
Jan. 29, 
Sep. 21, 
Dec. 15, 
Sep. 23, 
Nov. 22, 
Sep. 1 , 
June 25, 
Sep. 8, 
Xov. 1, 
Jm. 7, 
Aug. 30, 
Jan. 21, 
N'ov 24, 
Jan. 16, 
June 21, 
•Vug. 2'>, 
Oct. 20, 
N'oy. 4, 
Xov. 4, 
Feb. 13, 
Feb. 25, 
Mar. 18, 
Oct. 2*, 
Dec. 26, 
April 4, 
July 21, 
Sept. 8, 
Aug. 29, 
Aug. 28, 
Aug. 31, 
Aug. 13, 
Feb. 17, 
June 24. 
Feb. 7', 
Feb, 8, 
Sep. 14, 
June 20, 
Aug. 6, 
Sep. 4, 
D><c. 12, 
Sep. 30, 
June 16, 
July 5, 
July 26, 
July 28, 
Aug. 18, 
Xov. 19, 
June 19, 
Dec. 16, 
Dec. 1, 
June 24. 
Aug. 26, 



1822 
18-24 
1824 

is: 

1825 

1826 

1826 

1826 

1826 

182 

1827 

1828 

1829 

1829 

1829 

1830 

1830 

1831 

1831 

1832 

1832 

1832 

1832 

1833 

183 

1834 

1834 

1834 

1834 

1834 

18.36 

1836 

1836 

18: 

1837 

1837 

1838 

1839 

183S 

1840 

1840 

1840 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1842 

184:3 

1843 

1843 

1844 

1844 

1844 

1845 

1845 

1816 

1848 

1848 



5ep. 15,1848 



Sep. 15, 

July 6, 

Xov. 22, 

Mav 12, 

July 13, 

S<-'p". 27, 

N'ov. 5, 

.Mar. 6, 

Dec. 17, 

Feb. 12, 



June 
April 
.May 

Nov. 
July 
ril 
June 
July 
June 
Oct. 
Sep. 
Sep. 

'P- 

.Sep. 
Jan. 
June 
June 
Jan. 
Dec. 
April 
Aug. 
Oct. 
June 
July 
Dec. 
June 
-Mar. 
Nov. 
Sep. 
Aug. 
Dec. 
.May 
Oct. 
Feb. 
ep. 
Aug. 
June 
June 
Xov. 
.Sep. 
Aug. 
June 
Sep. 

Aug. 
Nov. 
.July 
July 
Dec. 
Oct. 
Aug. 
Xov. 
Aug. 
June 
Aug. 
Xoy. 
Mar. 
Aug. 
Jan. 



9,1824 
20. 1827 

29, 1825 
26, 1825 
17, 1827 
20, 1826 



Tr. to 28. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 
22, 1826iRelieyed. 
16, 1829 Relieved. 

14, 182S Relieved. 

15, 1827 Relieved. 
21, 1828 Relieved. 

8, 1829 Relieved. 
1, 1831 Tr. to 30. 



1, 1831 

16, 1830 
24, 1830 

18, 18:52 

1, 1834 

19, 1833 
19, 18:33 
31, 1832 

29. 1832 

29. 1833 
31, 1836 

20, 1834 
26, 1S34 
18, 18:34 
23, 1835 

2, 1835 
30, 1837 

9, 1839 
18, 18:37 
30, 1836 

17, 1839 
7, 1841 

14, 1838 



Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Resigned. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 46. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 738. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 48. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 31. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 



24, 1S.39 Relieved, 



20, 1843 
12, 1839 
14, 1840 
6, 1841 
20, 1841 

30, 1842 

31, 1844 
11, 1841 

1, 1843 

5,1843 

16, 1845 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 33. 
Tr. to 50. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 278, 



17, 1844iRelieved. 



18, 1S44 
27, 1846 
9, 184B 
19, 1815 
15, 18.51 



Relieved. 

Drowned. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved, 

18,' 1852iRelieyed. 

2, 1848 Relieved. 

31, 1848 Tr. to 584 

18, 1850 Relieved. 



Sep. 27, 1855 Relieved. 



Jan. 28, 1850 Feb. 15, 1852 Relieved. 



1851 Jan. 



1852 
1852 
185:3 
1855 
1855 
1855 
1857 



18.53 Relieved. 
1855;Relieved. 



.Sep. 

Aug. 1', 1857 Relieved. 

July 6, 1855 Relieved. 

Aug. 30. 1856 Relieved, 

Oct. 31, 1856 Relieved. 

Aug. 30, 1856 R dieved. 

Feb. 28, 1858 Tr. to 783 

1857 Jan. 9, 1858 Relieved, 
ISoSUpril 24, 1861iRelieved. 



u 



OFFICERS OF THE 



DEPARTITIEIVT OF TACTICS. 



231 

232 



234 
235 
236 
237 
23S 
239 
240 
241 
242 
243 
244 
•:4o 
246 
247 

24S 
249 
250 
251 



252 
253 
254 
255 
256 
257 

258 
259 
260 
2C1 
262 



264 
265 
266 
267 
268 



269 
270 
:71 
272 
273 
274 
275 
276 
277 
278 



2S0 

281 

282 



Richard I. Dodge . 
John H. Forney . . 

William B. Huzcn. 



George A. Williams . . . , 

John W. Todd 

!<amuel Brock 

Julius W. Adams 

Edward K. Hojikins 

Joseph N. G. Whistler , 

Edwiu D. Phillips 

James H. Rollins 

Friuicis A. Davics 

Henry B. Noble 

Alfred T. Smith 

Leroy L. Janes 

James M. Lancaster . . , 
Eugene Carter 

John Egan 



Marcus A. Reno . 



Jacob F. Kent. . . 
John McL. Hildt . 



APPOINTMENT AND NAME. 



INSTRUCTORS OF 
ARTILLERY. 

George W. Gardiner . . 

Fabius Whiting* 

Z. J. D. Kinsley 

Robert Anderson 

Miner Knowlton 

E. D. Keyes 

William H. Shover . . . 



George H. Thomas. 
Fitz-John Porter. . . 
Henry F. Clarke. .. 
William J. Hardee. 



John F. Reynolds 

Cliristopher C. Augur. 

Kenner Garrard 

Henry B. Clitz 

John C. Tidball 

Henry M. Black 



ASSISTANT INSTRUCTORS 
OF ARTILLERY. 



Henry Gilbert 

Robert Anderson 

Henry Swartwout . .. 
Miner Knowlton.. . . 
William G. Freeman. 

Lucius H. Allen 

Henry C. Wayne 

Henry 8. Burton 

Richard H. Rush . . . . 
Samuel Jones 

Henry F. Clarke 



Fitz-John Porter. 

James B. Fry. . . . 
John Gibbon 



AB5JT BANK WBEN APPOINTED. 



,nd1 



1st Lieut 8th Infantry . 
t Lieut. 10th Inf.-intry 
2d Lieut. 8th Infantry and 
Bvt. 1st Lieut., U.S. A 

Ik Lieut. 1st Infantry.. 
I Lieut. Ordnance 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

t Lieut. 4tli Infantry 

1st Lieut. 31 Infantry 

Captain, 3d Infantry 

Captain, 1st Infantry 

2d Lieut. 4tb Artillery 

Captain , i6th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 8th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 8th Infantry 

1st Licrt. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 31 jVrtillery 

1st Lieut. 8th Infantry 

f 1st Lieut. 1st Artillery and \ 

t Bvt. Maj., U.S. A J 

(Captain, Lst Cavalry and 1 

\ Bvt. Col., U. S. A ) 

) Captain, 3d Infantry andV 
) Bvt. Lieut. -Col., V.^. A.f 
I Captain, 3d Infantry and) 
\ Bvt. Lieut.-Col., U. S. A. J 



2 1 Liei;t. Corps of Artillery 

Cajitain, Corps (jf Artillery . . . . 

21 Lieut. 3d Artillery 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Caiitain, 3d Artillery 

/Captain, 3d Artillery and ) 

\ Bvt. Maj., U. S. A f 

1 1st Lieut. 3d Artillery and ) 

1 Bvt. Maj. , U. S. A J 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery and" 

Bvt. Maj. , U. S. A 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery and 

Bvt. Capt. , U. S. A 

Major, 2d Cavalry and 

Bvt. Lieut. -Col. U. S. A. . 
Captain, 3d Artillerv and 

Bvt. Maj.,U. S. A 

Major, 13th Infantry 

Captain, 5th Cavalry 

Maj(ir , 12th Infantry 

Capt. 2d Artillery and Col. Vols. 
Jlaj. 7th Infantry and Col. Vols.. 



Feb. 21, 1861 



April 22, 
April 29, 
June 18, 
July 22, 
Sep. 16, 
Sep. 25, 
Sep. 25, 
June 16. 
Nov. 25,' 
Mar. 20, 
Aug. 29, 
Aug. 29, 
Aug. 29, 
Mar. 27, 



2d Lieut. Corps of Artillerv . 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillery ".. 

2d Lieut. 3d Infantry 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Ist Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillerv 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery. . 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery and 1 

Bvt. Capt , U. S. A j 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery anl " 

Bvt. Maj., U. S. A 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 



TERM OF SERVICE. 



May 3. 
Nov. 12, 



1858 
1860 



1861 
1861 
1861 
1861 
1861 
1861 
1861 
1S62 
1862 
1863 
18f3 
1863 
1863 



Nov. 
Jan. 



1, 18G0 
23, 1861 



Sep. 18, 1861 



Oct. 
June 
Aug. 
June 
Sep. 
Mar. 
Aug. 
June 
Aug. 
Sep. 
Mar. 
Aug. 
Sep. 



1865 May 



May 3, 1865 



Aug. 31, 
Sep. 9, 
Sep. 13, 



1865 
1865 
1865 



Sep. 
Aug. 
Doc. 
Dec. 
Nov. 



15, 1817 
15, 1S20 
18, 1S23 

1, 1835 

9, 183 
July 25, 1844 

Dec. 24, 1848 Sep 



8, 1861 
23, 1861 
31,1861 
11, 1862 

1, 1862 

20, nes 

2fi, 1862 
25,1863 
11, 18v3 

9,1865 
21,1865 

5, 18f5 
13, 18r5 

3, 1865 



Oct. 2, 1865 



Relieved, 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved, 
Relieved, 
Relieved, 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



Relieved. 



Feb. 
Aug. 
Dec. 

Nov. 
July 
Dec. 



April 
May 
Sep. 
Aug. 



Sep. 8, 

Aug. 26, 

Dec. 5, 

Oct. 23, 

July 10, 

Sep. 22, 



1851 
1854 
1855 
1856 

1860 

1861 
1861 
1862 
1864 
1864 



Feb. 
Pep. 
May 
Aug. 
Feb. 
Aug. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Oct. 
Nov. 



May 
Sep. 



•ep. 

Jime 

Pec. 
Sep. 
July 
Sep. 



1. 1820 

7. 1821 
1,1835 
6, 1837 
1,1844 

24, 1848 

7, 1850 
1,1854 
11, 1855 
6, 1850 
8, 1860 

25, 1861 

5, 1861 
25, 1862 

4,1864 
22, 1864 



1820 Dec. 
1835 [Dec. 
183GlJuIv 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Resigned. 
Relieved. 
Relieved, 
Relieved. 

Died. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Believed. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



1837 
1840 
1841 
1841 
1845 
1846 
1847 



June 6, 1848 



July 

Dec. 
Sep. 



9, 1849 

15. 1853 

25. 1854 



Nov 
Aug. 
Aug. 
July 
Aug. 
Nov. 
Juno 



23, 1824 
1,1836 

21, 1836 
9, 1837 
6, 1841 

31, 1844 
1, 1843 
5, 1846! 
2, 1847| 
6, 1848 



Relieved. 
Tr. to 255 
Tr. to 192 
Tr. to 25t 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 50. 
Relieved. 
I Relieved. 
Relieved. 



Aug. 16, 1849 Believed. 

Sep. 1, 1853 Tr. to 36. 

Aug. 1, lS54|Tr. to 37. 

July 5, 1857, Relieved. 



U. S. MILITAJIY ACADEMY, 



40 



DEPARTMENT OF TACTICS. 



APPOINTMENT AND NAME. 



George L. Hartsuff . . 

Ruins Saxlon 

Charles Griffin 

Siimuol Brock 

Edwin D. Phillips.. . 
James H. Rollins . . . . 
George W. Dresser . . 
William A. Elderkin . 

Leroy U Janes 

James M. Lancaster.. 
Alansou M. Raudol... 

Edward R, Piatt. . . . 
Alexander Piper 



1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

1st Lieut. l.st Arlillery 

Captain, 1st Intanlry 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Caia. 1st Artillery 

f Captain, 3il Artillery and \ 

\ Maj.Vols. , Judge Advocate J 

Captain, 3d Artillery and) 

Bvt. Lieut. -Col., U. S. A. j 



Miner Knowltou.. . 
E. D. Keyes 

William H. Shover . 
George H. Thomas. 
Fitz-John Porter. ,. 



Henry F. Clarke... 
William J. Hardee 



John F. Reynolds 

Christopher C. Augur 

Kenner Garrard 

Henry B. Ciitz , 

John C. Tidball 

Hem-y M. Black 



ASSISTANT INSTEUCTOES 
OF CAVALRY. 



Miner Knowlton. 
William N. Grier , 
Henrv C. Wayne. 
Richard H. Rush. , 



James M. Hawes , 



314 
315 
316 
317 
318 
319 
320 
321 
322 
3-3 
324 
3-25 
326 
327 
328 



4ES1Y BANK WHEN APPOINTED. 



1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Captain, 3d .\rtillery 

(Captain, 3d Artillery and) 

) Bvt. Maj., U. S. A J 

(l.st Lieut. 31 Artillery aud^ 

\ Bvt. Maj.. U. S. A ) 

hst Lieut. 4th Artillery and I 

\ Bvt. Maj., U. S. A ) 

Jlst Lieut. 2a Artillery and) 

\ Bvt. Capt., U. S. A ) 

(Ma)or, 2d Cavalry and \ 
\ Bvt. Lieut. -Col., U. S. A..) 
(Captain, 3d Artillery and) 
\ Bvt. Maj., U. S. A J 

Major, 13th Infantry , 

Captain, 5th Cavalry 

Major,12th Infantry 

Capt. 2 I Artillery "and Col. Vols 

Maj. 7th Infantry and Col. Vols 



OF SEBVICE. 



Sep. 
June 
Sep. 
June 
Sep. 
June 
Sep. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Mar. 



Delos B. Sacket 

Roger Jones, Jr 

Robert Williams 

Robert Ransom 

Orren Chapman 

George B. Cosby 

Charles W. Field 

John Pegram 

Ira W. Claflin 

Robert Williams 

Fitzhugh Lee 

George D. Bayard 

Wesley Owens 

Kenner Garrard 

Joseph N. G. Whistler. 

329 William P. Chambliss.. 

330 Abraham K. Arnold... 



331 



332 
333 
334 



Alexander S. Clarke. . 



EIDINa MASTERS. 



James McAuley* 

Henrv R. Horshbergei* 
Frcd'k R. 0. de Bevillc* 



29, 1856 
14, 18.59 
11. 1860 
18. 1861 
25, 1861 
16, 1862 

22. 1862 

29. 1863 
29. 1863 
29, 1863 
27, 1864 

14, 1865 



June 
Sep. 
Jan. 

Aug. 
\ug. 
June 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Sep. 
Dec. 



July 24,1865 



July 24,1865 



Nov. 9,1837 

July 25, 1844 

Doc. 24, 1848 
April 2, 1851 

May 1, 1854 

Sep. 11, 1855 

Aug. 6, 1856 



8, 1860 
Sep. 8, 1860 June 25, 1861 



2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Dragoons 

21 Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

(2d Lieut, 1st Dragoons and) 
( Bvt. 1st Lieut. U. S. A...) 

1st Lieut. 1st Dragoons 

d Lieut. Mounted Rifles 

2d Lieut. 1st Dragoons 

2d Lieut. 1st Dragoons 

1st Lieut. 1st Dragoons 

2d Lieut. 2d Cavalry 

1st Lieut. 21 Givalry 

1st Lieut. 21 Dragoons 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Mounted Rifles.. 
t Lieut. Ist Dragoons 

2d Lieut. 2d Cavalry 

2d Lieut. 1st Cavalry 

1st Lieut. 5th Cavalry 

Captain, 5th Cavalry 

Captain, 3 I Intantry 

Captain, 5th Cavalry 

Captain, 5th Cavalry. . . .... 

( 1st Lieut. 1st Cavalrv and 1 
( Bvt. Capt., U. S. A. J 



14, 1859 

11,1860 

7,1861 

31, 1861 

26, 1862 
25, 1863 
28, 1863 

27, 1864 
5, 1865 

13, 1865 
12, 1864 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 



July 
Dec. 

Sep. 
May 

Sep. 
Aug. 

Sep. 



1, 1844 
24, 1848 

7, 1850 

1, 1854 

11, 1855 

6, 1856 



Aug. 26, 18:ilDec. 



Dec. 5, 1861 

Oct. 23. 1862 

Julv 10, 1864 

Sep. 22, 1864 



«p. 
July 
Sep. 



Aug. 30, 
ep. 14, 
Dec. .12, 
Oct. 9, 



1837 
1840 
1841 

I84e 



April 14, 1849 



Dec. 10, 

Dec, 13, 

Jan. 2H, 

July 31, 

Aug. 21, 

Sep. 26, 

Sep. 13, 

Jan. 12, 

Oct. 3, 

Uec. 19. 

Dec. 29, 

Mar. 16, 

Sep. 3, 

Sep. 16, 

Dec. 5, 

Oct. 23, 

Aug. 23, 



1850 

1852 

1854 

185J 

1855 

1855 

185' 

1857 

1857 

1857 

1860 

1S6 

1861 



5, 1861 

25, 186: 
4, 1864 
22, 1804 



Relieved, 
Relieved, 

Died. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



Nov. 9, 1837 

June 20, 1841 

July 1, 1843 

Nov. 2, 1847 

Dec. 10, 1850 



April 

Jan. 

June 

June 

Sep. 

Jan. 

Mar. 

Sep. 

Mav 

May 

.May 

>ep. 

Oct. 



186V I Dec. 
18610ct. 
1862 Aug. 
1864 



Sep. 23,1865 



16, 1855 

6, 1854 

5, 1854 

19, 1855 

1, 1856 

23, 1857 

16, 18r,l 

11,1857 

13, 1858 

£4, 1S61 

3, 18iil 

3. 1861 

23; 1861 

5, 1861 

23, 1862 

23, 1864 



June 11, 1839 Jan. 1, 1842 
Jan. 6,1842JSep. 18,1848 
Nov. 1, 1850iSep 14, 1S52 



Tr. to 29a 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 133. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 



Resigned. 
Rcsii-'n'jd. 
Dismissal. 



46 



OFFICEKS or THE 



DErARTJIEIVT OF CIVIIi AND ITIII.ITAKV E>GI>KKRIN«. 



NO. APPOINTMENT AND NAME. 



335 
336 
337 
338 
339 



340 
341 
342 
343 
344 
345 
346 
347 
348 
349 
350 
351 
352 
353 
354 
355 
356 
357 
358 
359 
360 
361 
3C2 



364 
365 
366 
367 
368 



370 



371 

372 
373 
374 
375 
376 
377 
378 
379 
380 
381 
382 
383 
384 
385 
386 
387 
388 
389 
S90 
S91 
892 



Alden Partridge 

Chiude Crnz'H* 

David B. Douglass*. . . 
D. H. >lahan (Acting). 
Dennis H. Mahan 



PROFESSORS t 



Captain, Corps of Engineers. 



2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 



William S. Evoleth .... 

Claude Crozct* 

Constantino II. Eakin.. 

H nry Brewerton 

Jonathan Prescott 

Edward H. Courtcnay . 

Alfred Jlordecai 

Dcmnis H. Maharu 

(Jeorge S. Greene 

William H. C. Bartlett. 

Cliarlss Mason 

James Allen 

Henry E. Prentiss 

Frederic A. Smith. .. 

Samuel C. Ridgely 

Jeremiah M. Scarritt. . . 

Robert Q. Butler 

Zealous B. Tower 

Horatio G. Wright 

John Newton 

William S. Rosecrans.. 

Henry L. Eustis 

Gustavus W. Smith 

John G. Foster 



Thomas L. Casey 

William P. Craighill ... 

Miles D. McAlester 

William P. Craighill... 
George H. MendcU 

William J. Twining. . . . 



Peter S. Michie. 



ASST. PROFESSORS. 



Henry Brewerton 

Charles Dimmock 

Alexander D. liicho 

William H. C. Bartlett. 

William Bryant 

Henry E. Prentiss 

Andrew A. Humphreys 

David B. Harris , 

I. Carle Woodrulf 

Henry W. Hatleck 

.Jeremy F. Gilmer 

Henry L. Smith 

Robert Q. Butler 

I'aul 0. Hi-bert 

Zealous B. Tower 

Horatio G. Wright 

William S. Rosecrans.. 

John No wtfin 

Gustavus W. Smith. . . . 
William S Rosecrans.. 

Edward B.Hunt 

Charles S. Stewart 



ARMY BASK WHES APPOINTED. 



ep. 
Mar. 
May 

ep. 
Jan. 



Bvt. 2d Liput. Corps of Eng. 



31 Lieut. Corps of Artillery 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers... 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . . 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers... 
2J Lieut. Corps of Engineers. .. 

2d Lieut. 3d Aitillery 

Bvt. 21 Lieut. Corps of Eng 

Bi't. 2d Lieut. Corps of Eng 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery.... 

2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

Bvt. 21Lieut Corps ofEng 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lie It. Corps of Engineers . . 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers... 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . . 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers... 
21 Lieut. Corps of Engineers... 
•2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers . . . 
2d Lieut. Cori)S of Engineers. . . 
Bvt. Capt. Corps of Engineers.. 
•fist Lieut. Corps of Engineers) 
\ and Bvt. Capt., U. S. A. . . / 
1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . . 
l>t Lieut. Corps of lingiueers.. . 

Cajitaiu, Corps of Engineers 

Captain, Corps of Engineers 

Captain, Corps of Engineers 

1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers) 
ana Bvt. Maj.,U. S. A....J 

Capt. Corps of Engineers and\ 
Bvt. Lieut. -Col., U. S.A..f 



2<1 Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. Corps of Engineers.. 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Eng . . 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th A[rtillcry.. 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery. .. 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 1st Artillery.. 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Cor|is of Eng.. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
21 Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
2 1 Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
2 1 Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
Bvt. 2d Liout. Corps of Eng.. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers . 
2d Liout. Corps of Engineers . 



Mar. 4, 

Oct. 1, 

Sep. 20, 

Aug. 1, 

July 23, 

ep. 1, 

Sep. 1, 

Aug. 31, 

Aug. 29, 

April 21, 

Aug. 30, 



Sep. 
Sep, 
Sop. 
Oct. 

Sep. 
Sep. 



TERU OK SERVICE. 



1, 1813 
6,1817 
1, 1823 
1. 1830 
1, 1832 



Dec. 31.1816 
April 28, 1823 
Mar. 1,1831 



Jan. 1, 1S32 Tr. to 339. 



April 4, 
Aug. 29, 
Aug. 31, 
Julv 1, 
Aug. 31, 
Nov. 1, 



1815 
1816 
1817 
1820 
1821 
1822 
1824 
1825 
1826 
1827 
1820 
1831 
1832 
1833 
1834 
1839 
1841 
1843 
1843 
1844 
1846 
1847 
1849 



Jan. 11,1855 

June 27,1857 

Aug. 31,18.50 

Sep. 10, 1863 

June 22, 1864 

Sep. 21, 1864 

Aug. 31,1865 

April 23, 186: 



Sep. 
July 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Jan. 
.Mar. 
Niiv. 
July 
Dec. 
Jan. 
Sop. 
Vug. 
\ug. 
Jan. 
Sep. 
Oct. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Sep. 



1,1810 
23, 1821 
31, 18-'5 

30, 1826 

31, 1828 
26. 1831 

5, 1832 
18, 1834 

4, 1830 

6, 1839 
4, 1839 

20, 1810 
2, 1840 

30, 1841 

31, 184;' 
20, 1843 
18, 1843 
18, 1843 
31. 1844 
28, 1845 
28, 1846 

9, 1849 



Resigned. 
Resigned. 
Resigned. 



^ep. 30 

Mar. 6 

July 31 

June 30 

Jan. 29 

Aug. 31 

July 12 

Aug. 1 

April 20 

Aug. 30 

Aug. 31 

Ai.g. 31 

Aug. 31 

July 26 

Aug. 28 

Aug. 26 

April 3 

Aug. 29 

Julv 2 

July 1 

Aug. 31 

Xov. 1 

Dec. 18 



1816 Relieved. 

1817|Tr. to 336. 

1820 1 Relieved. 

18 llRelieved. 

lS22;Tr. to 809. 

1824 Relieved. 

1825, Relieved. 
,1826' Relieved. 

1827 i Relieved. 

18-:9 Relieved. 
, 18311 Relieved. 

1832 Tr. to 547. 

1833 Tr. to 551. 
lS34i Relieved. 
18:~9:Relieved. 
1841 i Relieved. 
1843: Pied. 
18431 Relieved. 

, 1844 Relieved. 



1846 
1847 
1849 
1854 

June 27, 1857 



Aug. 31, 

Juno 18. 

June ?2, 

Aug. 31, 

July 3, 

April 23, 



.\ug. 1. 
July 3, 
Julv 31, 
April 21, 
Aug. 31, 
Sep. 1 , 
April 18, 
Aug. 30, 
."•^ep. S, 
Juno 28, 
(one 28, 
.\pril 11, 
Sep. 1, 
Julv 21, 
April 4, 
Aug. 29, 
Aug. 2S, 
Aug. 31, 
Sep. 24, 
July 1. 
Aug. 29, 
Aug. 28, 



1859 
1863 
1864 
1864 
1865 

1867 



Kelievcd. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Resigned. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 



1820 Tr. to 343. 
lS22:Relieved. 

lS2''>j Relieved. 
1827 1 1'r. to 349. 
18:i9iRelievod. 
1832irr. to 352. 
1832, Relieved. 
18 5|Relieved. 



Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Vr. to 739. 

Tr. to 356. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 357. 

Tr. to 358. 

•fr. to 466. 

Tr. 10 359. 

Relleveil. 
184«|Ti-. to 360. 
18V.!|Rrlieved. 
1S54 Relieved. 



1S38 
1840 
1840 
1<40 
IS41 
1842 
1843 
1843 
1844 
1S44 
1846 



t The ProrcBSorslilp of Ibe " Art or Engineering In all its branches" Vtts created bj Act of April 29, 181X 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 



47 



DEPARTMLENT OF CITII. ANB IWItrlTABY ENOINEEKING. 



393 
394 
395 
396 
397 
398 
399 
400 
401 
402 
403 
404 
405 
406 

407 



AI-POINTHENT AND NXUE. 



Newton F. Alexander... 

George L. Andrews 

James St. C. Morton 

Newton F. Alexander. .. 

Richard K. Meade 

E. Porter Alexander 

George W. Snyder 

Godfrey Weilzcl 

Godfrey Weitzcl 

William E. Merrill 

Francis U. Farquhar.... 

William A.Jones 

Oswald H. Ernst 

William A. Jones 

William H. H. Benyaurd 
AmosStickney 



ABMY BANK WUKN APPOINTED. 



Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Eng.. . . Nov. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers . . . Aug. 
21 Lieut. Corps of Engineers... Sop. 
21 Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . . Sep. 

2ii Lieut. Corps of Engineers Pec. 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . . . Oct. 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers Feb. 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers Sep. 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers Aug. 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers Sep. 

Captain, Corps of Engineers Aug. 

1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . . Pep. 
1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers... Oct. 
1st Lieut. Corps of EJigineers . . . Oct. 

iCapt. Corps of Engineers, 
and Bvt. Maj., U. S. A... 
1st Lieut. Corps of Eng. 
and Bvt. Maj. U. S. A 



TEBM OF SE8VICK. 



18, 1852 

30, 1854 

1, ISoS; 
14, 1857, 

8, 1857. 
16, 1858 

16. 1859 

2, 1859 

28. 1860 

11, 1860 
22, 1864 

12, 1864 
5, 1864 

18, 1864 



June 9, 
Sep. 1, 
June Ifi. 
INov. 14, 
I Aug. 31, 
Feb. 16, 
Sep. 11, 
Dec. 14. 
.Tan. 18. 
July 8, 
June 16 
Oft. 5 
Oct. 18 
Nov. 8. 



Aug. 31, 1866 
Nov. 12, 1866 



1853 Relieved. 
1855[Relicved. 
1S57 Relieved. 
1857 Relieved. 
1859, Relieved. 
1859, Relieved- 



Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

R'^lieved. 
1865iRelieved. 
1S64 Relieved. 
1864 Relieved. 
18c6 Relieved. 



1860 

1859 
1861 
1861 



DEPARTMENT OF PRACTICAIi ENCillVEERIIVG. 



JPPOINTaKST AND NAME. 



INSTKITCTOES. 

Alexander J. Swift 

Frederic A. Smith 

George W. CuUum 

Alexander H. Bowman. 
George W. CuUum 

John G. Barnard 



409 
410 
411 
412 
413 

414 



415 Andrew J. Donelson . . . 

416 .James C. Duane. 

417 Miles D. McAlester . 

418 William P. Craigbill. 

419 IGeorge H. Mendell. . . 

420 Henry SL Robert 



421 
422 
42.3 
424 
425 
426 
427 
428 
429 
430 
431 



ASSISTANT INSTRUCTORS. 

.4ndrew J. Donelson. 

James C. Duane 

Quincy A. Gillmore. . 
James K McPherson. 
Thomas L. Casey .... 
E. Porter Alexander. 
Henry M. Robert . . . 
E. Porter Alexander . 

William C. Paine 

E. J'orter Alexander. 
Francis U. Farquhar. 



ABMT BANK WHBN APPOINTED. 



Captain, Corps of Engineers 

("aptain, Corps of Engineers. . . . 

Captain, Corps of Engineers 

Captain, Corps of lingineers. . . . 

Caiitain, Corps of Engineers 

Captain, Corps of Engineers "I 
and Bvt. Major, U. S. A.. J 
I'st Lieut. Corps of Engineers . 
1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers . 
Captain, Corps of liiigineers. . . . 
Captain, Corps of Engineers. . . 
Captain, Corps of B^gineers. . . 
Captain, Corps of Engineers.-. . 



Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 
Bvt. 21 Lieut. Corps of Engineers 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 
2 1 Lieut. C irps of Engineers . . . 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engineerf 
Bvt. 2 1 Lieut. Corps of Engineeif 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engineer.": 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 
2d Lieut Corps of Engineers. 
Captain, Corps of Engineers 



TEBU OF SEBVICE. 



June 
ep. 
Mar. 
May 
June 

Mar, 

Sep. 
Oct. 
Sep. 
June 
Sep. 
Aug. 



30, 1841 Sep. 12, 1846 

12, 1846 Mar, 25, 1848 

25, 1848 May 19,1851 

19, 1851June 1,1852 

1, 1852'jan. 1, 1855 

2, 1855 Sep. 8, 1856 

9, 1856IOct. 15, 1858 
16, 185Sl.Jan. 18, 1861 
10, lS63iJune 22, 1864 



22, 1864 
21, 1864 
31,1865 



Sep. 
-ep. 
Nov. 
July 
Sep. 
Oct. 
Oct. 
Oct. 
Jan. 
June 
Aug. 



1852 
1852 
1862 
1853 
1854 
1S57 
1S57 
1858 
1859 



Aug. 
July 



i-ep. 
Aug. 
.■^ep. 
Sep. 
June 
Mar, 
Oct. 
(Jet. 
Mar. 



31, 1864 
3, 1865 



lS60;july 
18C4|Juue 



9, 1856 
31, 1854 
15, 1856 

6, 1854 
27,1857 
31, 1858 

5, 1858 

3. 1859 
12, 1860 
21, 1860 
16, 1865 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



Tr. to 415. 

Relieved 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 364. 

Relieved. 

Detached. 

Detached. 

Relieved. 

Detached. 

Relieved. 



48 



OFFICERS OF THE 



I>EPT. OF NATURAL, AIVI> EXP£RIMEIVTAIi PHIIiOSOPII V. 



APPOINTMENT AND NAME. 



432 
433 
434 
435 
436 



437 

43S 
439 
440 
441 
442 
443 
444 
445 
446 
447 
44S 



450 
451 
452 
453 
454 
465 
456 
457 
458 
459 
460 
461 
462 
463 
464 
466 
4Ce 
407 
468 
469 
470 
471 
472 

473 

474 

475 
476 
477 
47S 
479 
480 
481 
482 
483 
484 
485 
486 
487 



PEOPESSORS.t 



ARMT RANK WHEN APPOINTED, 



Jared Mansfield* Lieut.-Col. Corps of Engineers. 

E. H. Courtenay (Acting)'2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers... 



Eclwara H. Courtonay . 
W. H. C. Burtlett (Acting) 
William H. C. Bartlett. . 



PRINCIPAL ASSISTANT 
FBOFESSORS. 



David B. Douglass*.. 

Charles Davies 

S. Stanhope Smith... 
Robert P. Parrott ... 
T. Jofterson Cram. . . . 

Jacob Ammep 

Bon,iamin Alvord.. . . . 

.Joseph Roberts 

Joseph J. Reynolds . 
Edward D. Stockton. 

John M. Schofleld 

George H. llendell . . 



2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers . 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers , 



1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers 



Josei)li C Clark . 



ASSISTANT PBOFESSOES. 



Joshua Baker 

Stephen Tuttle 

Biward H. Courtenay. 

Alfred Mordecai 

Robert P. Parrott 

Thomas S. Twiss 

George W. Long 

John F. Lane 

Robert E. Temple 

Cath. P. Buckingham.. 

William A. Norton 

Xapoleon B. Buford . . . 
benjamin S. Ewell .... 

.Jc'Si'iih Roberts 

Tlmmas L. Ringgold, . . . 

William Gilham 

William S. Rosocraus. . 

George Deshon 

Isaac F. Quinby 

William G. Peck 

.Joseph J. Bovnolds. . . . 
William B. Fianklin ... 
D.inielT. Van Bnrcn... 

William B. Franklin... 



Joseph H. Whoelock . . 
Edward D.Stockton.. 

John M. Schofleld 

George W. Rose 

Havid C. llouston .... 

Henry M. Robert 

John H. Smead 

George H. Mendoll . . . 
Cyrus B. Oimstock . . 

Franklin Harwood 

Hi'nry C. Hasbrouck. . 

.losiah H. Kellogg 

Erskino Gittings 

Milton B. Adams 



1st Lieut. 3d Artillerv 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 4th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Infantry 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. Top. Engineers 

f Captain, 4th Artillery and ) 
\ Bvt. Major, U. S. A J 



2d Lieut. Corps of Artillery. 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Eng. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery. 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery .... 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillerv 

2a Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2,1 Lieut. 4th Artillerv 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2d Lieut. Corps of Eiagincers ... 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Ordnance 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Top. Engineers 

1st Lieut. &1 Artillery 

Bvt. 1st Lieut. Top. Engineers.. 

1st Lieut. 2d'Artillery 

fai Lieut. Top. Eng. and) 
\ Bvt. 1st Lieut., U. S. A.. J 

2 1 Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. 1st Infantry 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. Top. Engineers 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps cf Blnginoers 
Rvl. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

1st Lieut. Top. Engineers 

2 1 Lieut. Corps of Engineers . . 
Captain, Corps of Engineers . . . , 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

Captain, U. S. A. (Retired) 

1st Lieut. 31 Artillery 

1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . 



TE8M Of 8EEVICE. 



Oct. 7, 1812 

Sep. 1, 1828 

Feb. 16,1829 

Nov, 22,1834 

r\pr. 20,1836 



Aug. 31, 18:8 
Feb. 16, 1829 
Dec. 31,1834 
April 20, 1836 



Jan. 
Oct. 
Sept 
Sep. 
.Sep. 
Aug. 
Xov. 
Sep. 
Aug. 
Oct. 
Sep. 
ep. 



1, 1815 
31,1821 

1, 1823 
14, 1828 

2, 1829 
31,1836 

5, 18.37 

1, 1839 
17, 1849 

9, 1855 
30, 1856 

1, 1860 



Aug. 29,1863 



.)ct. 25 
lulv 1 
July 23 
July 1 
.\ug. 29 
Sep. 8 
\ug. 31 
Feb. 1 
Sep. 2 
Oct. 4 
Aug. 30 
Feb. 28 
Aug. 31 
Sep. 29, 
\ug. 28, 
Sep. 1. 
Aug. 28 
>ep. 1. 
Aug. 28 
Fob. 25 
-Aug. 81 
July 21 
Aug. 3 

Aug. 29, 

Sep. 20 
May 6 
Nov. 19, 
April 1 
Sep. 9 
Oct. 3, 
N.iv. 21 
Jan. 3 
Sep. 9 
■\us^. 29 
■=ep. 1, 
Fob. 22 
Aug. 31 
Aug. 31 



1819 
1820 
1821 
1823 
1824 
1826 
1828 
1829 
1829 
1830 
1831 
1834 
18:35 
1837 
1S39 
1841 
1844 
1844 
1845 
18-ie 



Aug. 29. 

May 1, 

Sep. 10, 

■'ep. 2, 

June 25, 

Nov. 5, 

Aug. 28, 

Aug. 17, 

July 1, 

Sop. 30, 

Aug. 28, 
June 18, 



1820 

1823 

1S2S 

182? 

1836 

183 

1S39 

1849 

1855 

1856 

1860 

1863 



Resigned. 
Tr. to 434. 
Resignoil. 
Tr. to 436. 



Tr. to 493. 

Tr. to 494. 

Died. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 



.June 30, 
-uly 1, 
Sop. 1 
Sep. 1, 
Sep. 8, 

May 12, 
Feb. 1, 

Aug. 31, 
Feb. J , 

Aug. 28, 

Sep. 30, 

Aug. 30. 

Sop. 30, 
Sep. 1, 

Julv 19, 

Aug. 31, 

■Aug. 28, 

Aug 30, 

June 11, 
Juno 5 



1847 Aug. 17, 



1848 
1849 

1851 

1851 
1852 
1855 
1856 
1856 
1857 
1857 
1859 
18.59 
1863 
18'!3 



June 17, 
Jan. 17, 

Jan. 9, 1852 



1820 

1821 

1822 

1S24 

1826 

1828 

1829 

1829 

1830 

183] 

1833 

1835 

1S36 

1839 

1841 

1844 

1845 

1S4 

1S47 

1846 

1849 

1851 

1850 



June 

Oct. 

Sep. 

Oct 

So 11. 

Jan. 

Jan. 

Sep. 

July 

.Juno 

Feb. 



1865 Aug. 
1865 



8, 1853 

9 , 1655 
30, :S5G 

9. 1856 

21, Isl 
16. IH 
13, 1S.5H 

1,1800 
27,1861 
20, 1864 

22, 1805 
23,1866 



Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 345. 

Tr. to 346. 

Tr. to 531. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Resigned. 

Relieved. 

Resigned. 

Tr. to 444. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 390. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr to 445. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 44fi. 

Tr. to 447. 

Resigned. 

Relieved. 

K.'lieveil. 

Ri'liovc.l. 

Tr. to 448. 

[Relieved. 

R<dicved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 



t The iTofesBorshlp of " Natural nnii Experimental PhlloHopliy" wae created by Act of April M, 1811, 



U. S. MILITAEY ACADEMY. 



49 



DEPAKTITIEIVT OF rUATIIE:i?IATiC.S. 



APPOINTMENT AND NAMB. 



488 
489 
490 
491 
4.i2 
493 
49-1 
496 
496 



497 
498 
499 
500 
501 
502 
503 
501 
505 
506 
507 
5(i8 
509 
510 
511 
512 
513 
514 



515 
516 
517 
518 
519 
520 
521 
522 
523 
524 
525 
526 
527 
528 
529 
530 
531 
532 
533 
534 
535 
530 
537 
538 
539 
510 
541 
542 
543 
544 
545 
546 



PROFESSORS.t 

W. A. Barron* (Acting). 
J:irGd Mansfield* (Acting) 
V. R. Hasslcr* (Acting) , 

Aklou Fartri'lge 

Andrew Elli(-()tt* 

David H. Douglass* 

Charles Davies 

A. E Chnrch (Acting) .. 
Albert E. Church 



Cai)tain, Corps of Engineers. 
Captain, Corps of Engineers. 



Captain, Corps of Engineers. 



Captain, Corps of Engineers. 



1st Lieut. 3d Artillery , 
1st Lieut. 3d Artillery - 



PKINCIPAL ASSISTANT 
PROFKSSORS. 

Aldon Partridge 

John Wright 

Charles Davies 

S. Stanhope Smith ... . 

Horace Wehster 

Edward C. Boss 

Albert E. Church 

William W. S. Bliss.... 
Alexander E. Shiras. . . . 

Israel Vogdes 

Samuel Jones 

William G. Peck 

William F. t'mith 

Absalom Riird 

Mathew M. Blunt.. 

Gouvcrncur K. Warren 

Junius B. Wheeler 

Herber.t A. Hascall 



ABUT SANE WHEN APPOINTED. 



Captain, Corps of Engineers.. 
2il Lieut. Corps of Engineers . 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers . 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 3d Infantry 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

1st Lieut. 4th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. Top'l Engineers 

1st Lieut Top'l Engineers . . . . 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

1st Lieut. Top'l Engineers. . . , 
1st Lieut. Top'l Engineers. . . , 
Captain, 5th Artillery , 



ASST. PROFESSORS. 



Alden Partridge 

Stephen H. Long* 

S. Stanhope-Smith 

Horace Webster 

William H. Bell 

Thomas E. Sudlcr 

Edward C. Ross 

George S. Greene 

Dennis H. Mahan 

John W. A. Smith 

Edward C. Ross 

Georges. Greene 

Thompson S. Brown 

Raphael C. Smead 

Thomas S. Twiss 

Thomas J. Cram 

Robert P. Parrott 

Lucien B. Webster 

Alberts. Church 

John F.Lane . 

Robert E. Temple 

Joseph B. Smith 

Charles W. Hackley . . . . 
Ormsby McK. Mitchell.. 

Miner Knowlton 

Wm. N. Pendleton < 

George W. Turner 

Samuel 0. Ridgely 



April 1, 
May 3, 
Feb. 14, 
April 13, 
Sep. 1, 
Aug. 29, 
May 1, 
June 1, 
Mar. 13, 



1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers.. 
2d Lieut. Corps of Artillery . . 

2d Lieut. 3d Infantry 

3d Lieut. Ordnance 

3d Lieut. Ordnance 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers . 

2il I,ieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery. 

Bvt. 21 Lieut. Corps of Engineers 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 
Bvt. 2 1 Lieut. Corps of Engineers 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery . . 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut, of Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut, of Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut, of Artillery. . . 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery . , 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 3d Artillery.. 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery .. 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. Isl Artillery . . 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 21 Artillery. 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 1st Artillery. 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery. 



TERM OF SEBVICE. 



1802 

1802 
1S07 
18i:i 
1813 
1820 
1823 
1837 
1838 



Feb. 
Nov. 
Dec. 

Sep. 
Aug. 
May 
May 
Mar. 



April 
April 
Dec. 
Oct. 
Sep. 
Oct. 
Nov. 
Juno 
Jan. 
Aug. 
Sep. 
op. 
Sep. 
Sep. 
Sep. 
Nov. 
April 
June 



29, 1812 
1,1814 
1,1816 

31, 1821 
1,1823 
4, 1825 

24, 1833 
1, 1837 
4,1840 

29, 1843 

15,1849 
1, 1851 
4, 1855 
9, 1856 
2, 1859 
3, 1859 

27, 1861 

18, 1863 



14, 1807, Relieved. 
14, 1803; Relieved. 
31, ISO'.*! Resigned. 

1, 1813 Tr. to 335. 
29, 182o!Died. 

1, 1823 Tr. to 337. 



31. 1837 
13, 1838 



Resigned. 
Tr. to 496. 



April 
Dec. 
Oct. 

Sept. 
Oct. 
Nov. 
June 
Jan. 
Aug. 
Sep. 
Sop. 
Sep. 
Sep. 
Aug 
Nov. 
\pril 
June 



13, 1813 
1, 1816 

31, 1821 
1, 1823 
3, 1825 

23, 1833 
1,1837 
4, 1840 

29, 1843 

15, 1849 
1, 1851 
4, 1855 
8, 185" 

31, 1859 
3, 1859 

27, 1861 

18, 1863 



Samuel H. Miller Bvt. 21 Lier.t. 3d Artillery 

Walters. Chandler Bvt. 21 Lieut. 2d Artillery 

Jacob Ammen Bvt. 2 1 Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Charles W. Hackley .... l2d Lieut. 31 Artillery 




June 5, 
March, 

Oct. 31, 

•ep. 1, 

luly 1, 

luly 1, 

June 5, 

June 16, 

Aug. 31, 

Xov. 4, 

Oct. 4, 

Aug. 29, 

Dec. 2, 

April 20, 

Sep. 8, 

ep. 2, 

Sep. 14, 

Aug. 31, 

Aug. 23, 

Fob. 1, 

:^ep. 2, 

Vug. 28, 

Aug. 28, 

Aug. 28, 

Aug. 28. 

;-Ao.p. 8, 

Ian. 20, 

Oct. 4, 

, 1831)May 18, 

, 18 1 Oct. 10, 

.1831 'June 21. 

, 1832'Sep. 30, 



Tr. to 491. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 438. 

Tr. to 439 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 495. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved.. 

Relieved. 



1811 
1816 

18: 

1823 

1823 

1821 

1S24 

1824 

1825 

1824 

1825 

1826 

1825 

1826 

1826 

1829 

1828 

1830 

1831 

182 

182 

1831 

1831 

1831 

1831 

18CL' 

18r2 
1834 
1832 
1832 
1832 
1833 



Ab. leave. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 500. 

Tr. to 501. 

Relisved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 347. 

Tr. to 812. 

Tr. to 502. 

Tr. to 348. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 455. 

Tr. to 441. 

fr. to 440. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 457. 

Tr. to 458. 

Relieved. 

R:'li0ved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relievo'l. 

Relieved 

Tr. to 354 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 181. 

Resigned. 



t The Professorship of " Slatheinatlns" 



ated by -Act of .April 29, 1812. 



50 



OFFICERS OF THE 



DEPARTMENT OF ITIATHErriATICS. 



547 

648 
549 
650 
551 
552 
653 
554 
555 
5o6 
557 
56S 
559 
660 
561 
562 
56 i 
564 
665 
566 
567 
568 
669 
570 
571 
572 
673 
574 
575 
576 
577 
578 
579 
580 
581 
582 
583 
684 
685 
68f^ 
587 

588 



590 
591 
592 
593 
694 
595 
696 
597 
598 
599 
600 
601 
602 
603 
604 
605 
606 
f07 
608 
609 
610 
611 
612 
613 

614 

C15 



ArPOISTMKNT AJTD NAME. 



James Allot! 

Honjamin S. EwcU , 

Minor Knowlton 

Richard H. Peyton 

Henry E. Prentiss 

Albert E. Church 

.Iicob Ammen 

William W. a Bliss 

James Duncan 

RraifordR. Alden 

Horace Brooks 

Eliakirn P. Scammon 

Benjamin Alvord , 

Israe] Vogdes 

>^amuel J. Bransford 

Alexander E. Shiras . . . 

Henry L. Smith 

Franklin D. Callander. . . 
Michael S. Culbertson. .. 

John M. Harvie 

Thomas Williams , 

Isaac S. K. Reeves 

William K. Hanson 

Stewart Van Vliet 

Francis N. Clarke , 

George Taylor , 

William B. Blair , 

Albion P. Howe , 

Harvey A. Allen , 

Alexander P. Stewart. . 

Isaac F. Quiiiby , 

.John H.Grelaiid 

Roswell S. Riplev ■ 

.\sher R. Eddy , 

Samuel Jones 

William F. Smith , 

William G. Peck 

James M. Hawes , 

Jesse L. Reno 

.Tosoph C. Clark 

Edmund K. Smith 

Henry F.Clarke , 



ABUT RANK WHKS APPOINTED. 



Thomas J. Haines 

D davan T). Perkins 

Milton Cogswell 

Ohiuncoy McKcevor... 

John A. Mi'bano 

Thomas J. Haines 

.\lex ander J. Perry 

Absalom Baird 

.lames Thompsoi] 

William K. Terrill 

Mathew M. Blunt 

.\''am J. Slemmer 

Oliver 0. Howard 

.Alexander S. Webb.. . 
Gouverneur K. Warroa. 
rharlr-s N. Tiinibidl.... 

Junius B. Wheeler 

Herbert A. Hascall 

.Ml'ri'd Mordecai 

William A. Kldcpkin ... 
James M. Whittomore. . 

John W. Barlow 

Alfred T. Smith 

Herbert A. Hascall 

Thomas C. Bradford . . . 

Joseph B. Campbell. . . . 

John W. Barlow 



2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

21 Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. 4th Infantry 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. 4th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 4th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Eng 

2d Lieut. Ordnance 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 8th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. Capt. 7th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery .• 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Bvt. 2 1 Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Top. Eng 

Bvt. 21 Lieut. Top. Eng 

2d Lieut. 2d Dragoons 

Bvt. Capt. Ordnance 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

Bvt. Capt. 7th Infantry 

fist Lieut. 2d Artillery and) 
I Bvt. Capt., U. S. A ) 

2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. 8th Infantry 

2d I lout. 3d Artillery '. . . 

2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. 2d Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. 2d Artillery 

21 Lieut. 4tl) Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

Isl Lieut. 1st Artillery. 

1st Lieut. Ordnance 

2 1 Lieut. 2d Artillery 

1st Lieut. Top. Engineers 

1st Lieut. Top. Engineers 

2d Lioi;t. To]). Engineers , 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2 1 J.ieut. Top. Engineers , 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. Ordnance 

iPt Lieut. Top. Engineers , 

1st Lio\it. 8th Infantry 

Captain, 6ih Artillery , 

Captain, Ordnance , 

(1st Lieut. 4th Artillery and) 
\ Capt. A. D. C. Vols J 

1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers . . . 



TERM OF BEBVICB. 



iVug. 

Aug. 

Sop. 

N'ov. 

Aug. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Feb. 

Jan. 

Kov. 

Aug. 

Sep. 

"ep. 

Sep. 

Aug. 

July 

Dec. 

Tan. 

Feb. 

Mar. 

.Tan. 

Nov. 

Sep. 

Sep. 

April 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Arg. 

Aug. 

Feb. 

Sop. 

Sop. 

Jan. 

Oct. 

Nov. 

Sep. 

Aug. 

Tan. 

Aug. 

Oct. 



1832 
1832 
1832 
18.'?2 
1833 
1833 
1834 
18:;4 
1835 
1836 
1836 
1837 
1837 
1837 
1838 
1839 
1839 
1839 
1840 
1840 
1840 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1841 
184'2 
1S42 
18(3 
1843 
1843 
1845 
1845 
1845 
1846 
1846 
1846 
1847 
1848 
1849 
1849 
1849 



Jan. 8, 1850 



Feb. 
Sop. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Sep. 
Aug. 
Nov, 
Tan. 
Jan. 
Sep. 
Sep. 
Sep. 
Sep. 
Nov. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Oct. 
Jan. 
Sep. 
Fob. 
Aug. 
Sop. 
Sop. 
Mar. 
Aug. 

Feb. 
Feb. 



1850 
1850 
1851 
1851 
18.51 
1852 
1852 
1853 
1854 
1855 
1855 
1856 
1857 
1857 
1S59 
18.59 
1850 
1860 
1861 
1862 
1862 
18-^2 
1862 
18ti3 
1863 

1864 



Oct. 28 

Aug. 31 

.Tan. 27 

Dec. 20 

Nov. 1 

Nov. 24 

Aug. 31 

June 1 

April 7 

Sep. 8, 

Aug. 28 

Sep. 10, 

N'ov. 5 

Aug. 29 

Nov. 3 
Tan 

Tan. 20 

Mar. 1 

Feb. 4 

Jan. 25 

June 26 

.Sep. 1 

July 21 

Nov. 15 

Oct. 16 

Aug. 3i: 

Aug. 31 

June 1 

Aug. 29 

Feb. 25 

Aug. 28 

Aug. 30 

Jan. 17 

Jan. 10 

!ep. 15, 

Aug. 21 

Sep. 1 

April 14 

July 16, 

Sop. 1 

Nov. 11 

Sep. 1 



Aug. 


31, 


April 


1, 


July 


6, 


Sop. 


6, 


Jan . 


s, 


.Ian. 


2n, 


Sep. 


21 


Sep. 


a, 


Nov. 


10, 


July 


1 


Aug. 


31, 


Aug. 


31, 


Juno 


3 


Jan. 


7, 


Nov. 


3, 


Tan. 


16 


April 27, 


Tulv 


2 


June 


28 


Aug. 


27 


Ian. 


'i7. 


Mar. 


20, 


Mar. 


20 


June 


18 


Jan. 


27 



June 30 



1833 

18o5 
1833 
1834 
1833 
1833 
1836 
1837 
1835 
1836 
1839 
1838 
1837 
1843 
1S40 
1840 
1840 
1840 
1S40 
1841 
1841 
1842 
1844 
1841 
1846 
1843 
1843 
1846 
1845 
1845 
1845 
1849 
1846 
1850 
1849 
1848 
1851 
1849 
1849 
1851 
1852 

1851 



1850 
1856 
1852 
1855 
1854 
1853 
1857 



Relieved. 

Tr. to 462. 

Tr. to 6S0. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 503. 

Tr. to 442. 

Tr. to 604. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 193. 

Relieved, 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 443. 

Tr. to 606. 

Killed. 

Tr. to 605. 

Tr. to 382. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 742. 

Died. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 823. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 468. 

Tr. to 698. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

r,-. to .507. 

Relieved. 

Ti-. to 508. 

Tr. to 313. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 



Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 222. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 652. 
18.56 Tr to 510 
1857 Relieved. 
1856 Relieved. 



1859 
1859 
1861 
1861 
1859 
1860 
1861 
1861 
1862 
1864 
1864 
1863 
18'^6 
1863 
1864 



Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 612. 

Relieved. 

I'r. to 613. 

Relieved. 

lelieved. 

Aolievcd. 

'{olieved. 

rr. to 768. 

'{olievod. 

T •. to 514. 

iielieved. 



1865 Relieved. 



1864 June 20, 1884lRelieved. 



U. S. MIUTAllY ACADEMY. 



DEPAKTMKWT OF OTATHEMATICS. 



616 
fil7 

618 
619 



APPOINTMENT AND NAME. 



Alanson Jf. Randol. . . 
Samuol N. Beujarain. 

Johu I. Rodgois 

Stephen C. Lyford . . . 

George A. Kenscl . . . . 



631 |TiilIy McCrea. 



C22 
623 



E(lv,'ardR. Warner... 
Samuel N. Benjamin . 



ABUT RANK WHEN APPOINTED. 



Captain, 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

Ist Lieut. 2J Artillery 

Cipt. Ord. and Bvt. Maj. V. S. A. 
fCapt. 5th Artillery and) 
( Bvt. Lieut. -Col., U. S. A. . f 
■ 1st Lieut. 1st Artillery and 1 

Bvt. Maj U.S. A J 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillery and j 

Bvt. Lieut. -Col., U. S. A.. ( 

Capt. 2d Artillery and ) 

Bvt. Lieut. -Col., U. S. A. j 



TEBM or 8EBVICE. 



Aug. 
Sep. 
Oct. 
Aug. 

Aug. 
Aug. 



Aug. 



27, 18fi4 

12, 1864 

1, 1864 

31,1865 

31, 186.5 
31,1865 
15, 1865 
31, 1866 



nee. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
June 



12, 1864 
5, 1865 
5, 1865 

26, 1867 



June 23, 1866 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Ili'lieved. 
Relieved. 



Relieved. 



DEPABTMEIVT OF SPANISH, 



APPOINTMENT AND NAME. 



ABHT KANE WHEN APPOINTED. 



TEBM OK SERVICE. 



626 

627 



630 
631 
632 
633 



634 
635 
636 



PROFESSORS, t 

Patrice do Janon* .... 
H. R, Aguel* (Acting) 

Elward R. Piatt (.icting) 

Patrice de Janon* . . . 



Sword Master. 



1, 1857 
16, 1863 



f Captain 2.1 Artillery and 1 
I M<y or , U. & V. (J. Advocate) j 



July 
Sep. 

July 27, 1864 

Mar. 4, 1865 



PRINCIPAL ASSISTANT 
PROFESSORS. 

Andrew Jackson* 

Samuel H. Lockett .... 
George A. Williams . . . 

John ^L Wilson 

Wesley Owens 

Edward G. Bush 

ASSISTANT PROFESSORS, 

Elias B. Cirling 

Edward G. Bush 

Wesley Owens 



1st Lieut. 3d Infantry 

Bvt. 21 Lieut. Corps of Engineers 

1st Lieut. 1st Infantry 

1st Lieut. Top. Engineers ... 

C.iptain, 5th C ivaliy 

Captain, 10th Infantry 



Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery. 

21 Lieut. 10th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 21 Cavalry 



Doc. 27, 1858 

Sep. 2, 1859 

Sep. 4, 1S60 

Mar. 30, 1863 

Sap. 21, 1864 

Jan. 24, 1865 



Aug. 31,1859 
Oct. 22, 1860 
Nov. 9, 1861) 



Sep. 16, 1J=63 
July 27, 1864 

Mar. 4, 1865 



Mar. 15, 1859 
Sep. 4, 18H0 
April 22, 1861 
June 18, 1863 
Jan. 24, 1865 



Oct. 22, 1860 
Dec. 8, 1860 
Sep. 3, 1811 



Disch'd. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 234 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 326. 



t The Professorship of " Spanish" was created by Act of February 16, 1867. 



52 



OFFICERS OF THE 



DEPARTIWEIVT OF DBATTIIVO. 



iPPOINTMENT AND NAME. 



ARMY RANK WHEN APPOINTED. 



TERM OF SERVICE, 



637 

638 

r30 

640 
641 
642 



643 

644 
645 
646 

647 
648 



649 



650 
651 
652 
053 
654 
655 
656 
657 



C60 
631 
662 
663 
664 
665 



TEACHEKS.t 

Francis Deser6 Masson* 

Cliristian E. Zoellor* 

Christian E. Zoeller* 

Thomas Gimbrede* . . . , 

Charles R. Leslie* 

Robert W. Weir* , 



July 

uly 
Jan. 
Mar. 
May 



12, 1803 
1, 1808 
1,1812 
5, 1819 
2, 1833 
8, 1834 



April 1,1808 
April 30, 1810 
.Jan. 5, 1819 
Dec. 25, 1832 
April 15, 18.34 
Aug. 8, 1846 



Resigned. 

Resigned. 

Resigned. 

Died. 

Resigned. 

Tr. to 649 



ASSISTANT TEACHERS. 

George W. Whistler 

Alexander D. Mackay. . , 

John M Berrien 

Theophilus B. Brown. . . 

S ?th Eastman 

Richards. Smith 



2d Lieut. 2d Artillery 

Bvt. 2ii Lieut. Scl Artillery .. 
Bvt. 21 Lieut. 2d Infantry. . . 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery , 

2d Lieut. 1st Infantry 

2d Lieut. 7lh Infantry 



Xov. 2, 1821 

Aug. 31, 1825 

Aug. 30, 1826 

Doc. 1.5,1826 

.lau. 22, 1833 

Feb. 26, 1840 



April 30, 1822 
Aug. 30,1826 
Dec. 15, 1 
Aug. 1, 1832 
Jan. 22,1840 
Aug. 8, 1846 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 169. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 660. 



PROFESSOKS.t 

Robert W. Wier* . . . 



Aug. 8, 1846 



PRINaPAL ASSISTANT 
PKOFESSOKS. 

Richard S. Smith , 

Thomas H. Neill 

.\lesander J. Perry 

Henry Douglas 

William H. B.dl , 

Robert L. Eastman 

James W. Abert 

Robert L. Eastman 

Joseph P. Farley , 

.James McMillan , 



ASSISTANT PROFESSORS. 

Richard S. Smith 

James W. Abert 

Truman Soymour 

Thomas H. Ncill 

James McMillan 

Robert L. Eastman 

Frank B. Hamilton .... 

John S. Poland 

James McMillan 

Joseph H. Farley 



1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

1st Lieut. 5th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

1st Lieut. 9th Infantry. . . .^. . . . 

1st Lieut. 3 1 Infantry 

1st Lieut. 6th Infantry 

Major, Corps of Engineers 

1st Lient. 6th Infantry 

f 1st Lieut. Ordnance and 1 

t Bvt. Capt., U. S. A j 

fCiptain, 2i Infantry and) 
I Bvt. Maj.,U. S. A J 



July 
Sep. 
Sep. 
Jan. 
Sep. 
Sep. 
Sep. 
.Sep. 

Mar. 
July 



1, 1852 

1,1855 

21, 1857 

16, 1858 

25, 1861 

1,1862 

1, 1863 

10, 1863 

21, 1865 
1, 1866 



Sep. 
July 
Jan. 
July 
June 
Sep. 
Sep. 
Mar. 



1,1855 

14. 1857 

16. 1858 
2. 1861 

12. 1862 
1, 1863 

10. 1863 
17,1865 



July 1, 1866 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Tr. to 669 



1st Lieut. 7th Infantry 

2d Lieut. Top. Engineers 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 5th Infantry 

2a Lieut. 2a Infantry 

1st Lieut. 6th Infantry 

1st Lieut. 31 Artillery 

(Ca)itain, 2d Infantry, and) 
\ Bvt. Lieut.-Col., U. S. A./ 

Capt. 2d Inf. and Bvt.Maj.,U.S.A 

Captain. Ordnance 



8,1846 
27, 1848 
22, 1850 
26, 1853 
9, 1858 
1,1863 
17,1865 



Aug. 

June 

Apiil 

Nov. 

Sep. 

•^cp. 

.Jan. 

Mar. 17, 1865 



Oct. 
July 



10, 1865 
1, 1866 



July 
Aug. 
Xov. 
Sop. 
May 
Sep. 
Mar. 

July 

July 



1, 18,52 
23, 1850 
26,18.53 

1, 1855 

2, ISiil 
10, IS'63 
22, 1865 

1, 1866 

1, 1866 



Tr. to 650. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 651. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 657. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 659. 



t The " Tcarheraliip of Drawinc " was created l^y Act of February 28, 1808. 
I The " Proressorslilp of Drawing" was created by Act of August 8, 1846. 



TJ. 8. MILITARY ACADEMY. 



53 



DEPARTiriENT OF FREIVCH. 



670 
671 
672 



673 
674 
675 



676 
677 
678 
679 
680 
681 
682 
683 
684 
685 



688 
689 
690 
691 
692 
693 
694 



698 
699 
700 
701 
702 



SECOND TEACHERS. 

Jfis.?ph Du Commun* . . 

Julian Moliniird* 

Hyacinth R. Agnel* 



APPOINTMENT AND NAUB. 



FIRST TEACHEBS.t 

Francis Desore JIasson* 
Florimond Massou* . . . . 
Claudius Berard* , 



ASSISTANT TEACnEKS. 

Charles G. Ridgoly 

Ceorge Naum:in 

.lames Barnes 

.Julian Molinard* 

Miner Knowlton 

Bradford R. Aldeu 

Bradford R. Ak!e;i 

T. d'OreraieuIx* 

Bradford R. Alden 

Horatio G. Wright 



PEOFESSORS.: 

Claudius Berard* . . 
Hyacinth R. Agnel* 



T. d'Oremieuls* 

Samuel F. Chalfin. . . 
Beekman Du Barry.. 
Walworth Jenkins . . 

Simuel A. Foster 

lenry A. Smalley . . . 
Francis A. Da vies... 



ASSISTANT PROFESSOHS. 

T. d'Oremieuls* 

Edward C. Boynton . . . . 



Henry Coppse 

John H. Grolaud . . . 
lOdward R. Piatt . . , 
Beekra an Du Birry . 
Samuel F. Chalfla . . 
Elward R. Piatt 



IKMY HANK WHKN APPOINTED. 



Bvt. 2d Lieut. 1st Infantry.. 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2i Lieut. 4th Artillery 



2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 21 Lieut. 4th Infantry . . 
1st Lieut. 4th Infantry 



1st Lieut. 4th Infantry 

2i Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 



1st Lieut, 
Isl Lieut 
1st Lieut, 
1st Lieut 
1st Lieut 
Captain, 
Captain, 



1st Infantry . 
.. 1st Artillery. 
. 3d Artillery 

1st Artillery. 
. 6th Infantry . 
2d Artillery... 
16th Infantry. 



21 Lieut. 1st Infantry 



TEBM OF 8EBVICE. 



July 12, 1803 
April 1, 1808 
Jan. 3, 1815 



Mar. 1,1818 
.Sep. 1, 1831 
Feb. 4, 1840 



Aug. 
Sep. 
Aug. 
Nov. 
Jan. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
iug. 
Sep. 
Aug. 



30, 1826 
14, 1828 
30, 1829 
19, 1830 
27, 1833 
13, 1833 
28, 183^ 
28, 18:^9 
12, 1839 
31, 1842 



Aug. 8, 1846 
May 16,1848 



July 1, 1852 

^ept. 7, 1856 

Aug. 31, 1859 

May 11, 1861 

Sep. 17, 1862 

Nov. 11, 1862 

Aug. 11, 1863 



f 1st Lieut. Ist Artillery and 1 

\ Bvt. Captain U. S. A j 

fist Lieut. 1st Artillery 
\ Bvt. Captain, U. S. A 



Bvt. Captain U. S. A. 
st^ Lieut. 1st Artillery andV 

1st Lieut. 4tb Artillery 

2.1 Lieut. 21 Artillery 

1st Lieut. 3 1 Artillery 

l«t Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut 21 Artillery. 



703 IWalworth Jt'nkins list Lieut. 1st Artille.-y 



704 iFrankliii H.irwoo I. 
7i15 lJain;\s M. Whiltsmore 

706 iMalboiie F. Watson.... 

707 James McMillan 



C iptiin, Corps of Engineers . . • . 

Captain, of Ordnance 

Isl Lieut. 5th Artillery 

rC.iptain, 21 Infantry au'l ) 
"i Bvt. M.ajnr, U. S. A j" 



(Vug. 8, 
March 7, 



1846 
1848 



Aug. 22, 1848 

Aug. 30 

Feb. 15, 

Aug. 29 

Aug. 29, 

Oct. 5; 

Aug. 29' 

Aug. 29, 

.Vug. 29. 

Djc. 9; 186i 



1849 
185 
I'^.'.S 
18.54 
1855 
1850 
1863 
1863 



Anril 1,1808 
Jan. 3, 1815 
Aug. 8, 1846 



Aug. 31,1831 
.■Sejj. 12, l,S3,i 
May 16, 1848 



Feb. 
.Uig. 
Aug. 
Sup. 
■\ug. 
•Jan. 
Aug, 
Aug. 
Fob. 
Jan. 



22, 1827 
31,1829 

19. I80O 
1, 1831 

30, 1837 
8, I806 

13, 1838 
8, 1846 
7, 1840 

20, 1843 



May 6, 1848 



>cp. 
Aug. 
May 
July 
Nov. 
Aug. 
July 



July 
Aug. 



6, 1856 
31, 1859 
11, 18-1 

2, 18fil 
11, 1862 



Resigne 1. 
Resigned. 
Tr. to 680 



Resigned, 
iiesigned. 
Tr. to 687. 



Resigned. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 674. 
Tr. to 272. 
Tr. to 556. 
Tr. to 197. 
Tr. to 695. 
Tr. to 200. 
Ir. to 386. 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



11, 1863'Relieved. 
1, 1867 Relieved. 



1, 1852 
31,1848 



June 22, 1840 



Oct. 
June 
May 
^ep. 
Auf.'. 
May 
June 
Jan. 



5, 1855 
18, 185:i 
3, 1854 
7, ]856 
31, 1859 
11, 1%1 
20. 1864 
27, 1864 



Tr. to 683. 
Relieved. 

Relieved, 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 689. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 691. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



Oct. 10, 1865 June 30, 1867 Relieved. 



t Th ; First Teachersliip of the " French LanKuage" was created by Act of February 28, 1803. 
t The Prolessorship of the " French Language" was created by Act or.\ugU8t 8, 1846. 



54 



OFFICEKS OF THE 



]>£PARTx1IE:IVT of OEOOBAPUIT, II18TORV, AXJD ETHICS. 



ATPOINTMEST AND NAM£. 



708 
709 
710 
711 
712 
713 
714 
715 



716 
717 
718 

719 

720 
721 
722 
723 
724 
725 
726 
727 
728 



731 
732 
733 
734 
735 
736 
737 
738 
739 
740 
741 
742 
743 
744 
745 
746 
747 
748 
749 
750 
761 
752 
753 
754 
755 
756 
757 
758 
759 
760 
761 
762 



PROFESSORS, t 

Rev. A. Empie* (Acting) 
Kev. Tbomas Piclon *. . . 
Rov. C. P. Mcllvdinc*. . . 
Rev. Thomas Warmu-... 
Kev. Jasper Arlams*. . . . 

Rev. M. P. Parks 

Rev. William T. irprole* 
Rev. John W. Frenuli* . , 



J. Addison Thomas . 
E. Parker Seamraon 
George Deshon 

Henry Coppea 

Charles C.Gilbert.. 
John C. Symmes.. 



TEBM OF SERVICE. 



ABUT BA.SK WHEN APPOINTED. 



Aug. 9. 1813 

July 23, 1818 
Jan. 28, 1825 
1, 1828 
1, 1838 
5,1840 
2, 1847 
16, 1856 



Jan. 
Sep. 
Dec, 
Mar. 

Aug. 



1st Lieut. 3 i Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. Top. Engineers 

Bvt. 21 Lieut. Ordnance 

j 1st Lieut. 1st Artillery and ) 

I Bvt Captain, U. S. A J 

1st Lieut. 1st Infantry 

1st Lieut. Ordnance 



William Silvey 1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 



Henry C. Symouds 

Stephen V. Benet 

Samuel Breclc 

Edward R. HopUius. . . 

Charles C. Parsons 

Francis L. Gueniher. . . 

John S. Poland 



Alexander S. Webb . 



Ist.Lieut. 2d Artillery 

1st Lieut. Ordnance. . . . 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery. 

Captain, 3J Infantry.. . 

1st Lieut. 4lh Artillery 

Captain, 5th Artillery. . 
f Captain, 2d Infantry and \ 
\ Bvt. Lieut.-Col , U. S. A. . T 
(Captain, 11th Infantry audi 
( Bvt. Major-GeneraI,U.S.A. J 



ASSISTANT PROFESSORS. 

John K. Findlay 

Alexander H. Bowman. 
Bennett H. Henderson. 

.Joseph A. Smith 

.Nicholas Tillin'ihasl. . . 

Francis H. Smith 

Robert P. Smith 

John A. Thomas 

Henry Jj. Smith 

Isaac S. K. Re?ves 

E. Parker Scammon . . . 
Isiuic S. K. Reeves. . 
Richard W. Johiisim. . . 

lames A. Hardio 

-^irnon B. Biickuor 

Charles P. Stone, 

.Icjseph J. Reynolds 

iewell L. Fremout . . . . 

John C. Symmes 

Dabney H. Maiirv 

(harlosC. Gilbert 

B'ekman UuBirry 

Alexani'«r Piper 

William Silvey 

.Joshua W. Sill 

Adam J. Slemmer 

John T. Greblo 

Henry C. Symonds 

Frederick L. Childs 

Francis Beach 

(iuilford I). Bailey 

Herman Biggs 



2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps of Eng. 
Bvt. 2d Lieut. 4th Artillery. 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 31 Artillery 

1st Lieut. 7th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 1st Artilery 

2d Lieut. 2i Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2 1 Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . . 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. Top. Engineers 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2 1 Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 21 Lieut. 2 1 Infantry 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Ordnance 

21Ijieut. 31 Artillery 

1st. Lieut. 3d Artillery 

2 I Lieut. 4th Artillery 

2d Lieut. 31 Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Infantry 

2d Lieut. 3 1 Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery , 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2ii Lieut. Or<lnance 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 21 Artillery 

l-;t Lieut. 21 Artillery 

21 Iieut. 1st Artillery 

21 Lieut. 4lli Artillery 

21 Lieul. 2 1 Arlillery 

21 Lieut. 1st Infmlry 



April 
Jan. 
Dec. 
Sep. 
Nov. 
Dec. 
Aug. 



Julv 28,1840 

Sep". 26, 1841 

\ug. 30, 1846 

Jan. 14, 1850 



May 16, 
Sep. 28, 
.\ug. 16, 
Nov. 1, 
Oct. 4, 
\pril26, 
Sep. 1, 
Mar. 10', 
Oct. 18, 

July 1, 1865 
July 1, 1866 



1855 
1855 
1856 
1857 
1859 
1861 
1862 
1863 
1864 



Nov. 
Aug. 
.'Vug. 
Aug. 
Nov. 
Oct. 
OV. 
Aug. 
April 
Oct. 
Uig. 
Sep. 
Aug. 
.Sep. 
A us. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Sei). 
Aug. 
Sp. 
Feb. 
S^p. 
Aug. 
April 
Sep. 
Sop. 
Deo. 
Aug. 
Sep. 
Oct. 
Aug. 
Aug. 



4, 1824 April 
31, 1825 June 
30, 1826 Dec. 



30, 1817 
1,182; 
31, 182 
1, 18:58 
15, 1840 
31, 1846 
16, 1856 



Resigned. 
Resigned. 
Resigned. 
Resigned. 
Resigned. 
Resigned. 
Superc'd. 



Sep. 26, 

July 13, 

Dec. 10, 

May 16, 

Sep. 28, 

Aug. 16, 

Nov. 1, 

Oct. 4, 
April 2:'>, 

Doc. 3, 

Mai-. 10, 

SJp. 5, 

July 1, 

July 1, 



1841 
1846 
1849 

1855 

1855 

1S56 

185 

1859 

ISGl 

1861 

1863 

1864 

1865 

1866 



30, 18U9 
31, 1830 
23, 1834 
1, 1835 
30, 1837 
11, 1840 

27, 1840 
30, 1841 

1,1842 

30, 1843 
1, 1844 

28, 1845 

28, 1845 

31, 1846 
4, 1846 

3), 1847 
7, 1847 
28, 1850 
24, 1850 

29, 1853 
2(3, 1854 
23, 18.54 
13, 1855 

3, 1856 
29, 1857 
14, 1857 

1, 1858 
29, 18.59 
31, 1859 



Juue 

Oct. 

Nov. 

Pec. 

July 

June 

Jau. 

Sep. 

Julv 

Aug. 

Aui;. 

Mav 
Jan. 

Ajig. 

Nov. 

Soji. 

Ian. 

May 

April 

.'VlJril 

Aug 

Aug. 
ep. ■ 

?ep. 

Nov. 

.Jan. 

Aug. 

Oct. 

Mar. 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 763 
Tr. to 833 
Believed. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Tr. to 779. 

Tr. to 745 



17, 1825 
15, 1826 

19, 1829 

27, 1835 
14, 1S34 

8, 1835 
31, 1836 
28, 1840 

28, 1S40 

20. 1841 
26, 18 Jl 

1, 1843 
31, 1844 
15, 1846 
19, 1846 
13, 1846 
31. 1847 
28, 1846 

S, 184'1 
28, 1850 
IB, 1855 
2J, 18.53 
14. 1854 
10, 1856 
2.1, 1857 

6, 1856 
24. l.«60 

1, 18;-: 
31,1859 
31, 1859 

4, 1859 
l.i,lS61 



Relieved. 

Relieve!. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Resigned. 

Tr. to 716. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 568. 

Tr. to 717. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr.to470. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 220. 

Tr. to 720. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 722. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 723. 

Relieved 

Relieved. 

Roliovei. 

Relieved. 



+ Tlic ProlieBorBlilp of " Geography, Hlatory, and Etlilcs," was creatoJ by Act of April 14, 1818 ; the " Chaplala to ht 
rrotcssoi." 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY, 



55 



DEPARTi^EIVT 0¥ OEOCSRAPIIV, HISTORY, AND ETHICS. 



tPPOI.NTaiKNT AND NAMU. 



ARMY BANK WilUN APPOINTKU. 



TERM OP SERVICE. 



763 
704 
765 
7fi6 
767 
768 
76J 
770 
771 
772 
773 
774 
775 
776 
77T 
778 

779 

780 
781 

782 



llonry C. Symonds. 

Siimuel Brcc-lc 

Kilward K. Hopkins. 

.lured A. t^initli 

H'-iiry B. Noble 

John W. liarlow 

Robert L. Kistmaii.. 

Lorciy L. Jones 

James M. Lancaster . 
Frank B. Hamilton.. 
William A. Jones. .. 

Tally McCrea 

Jamos M. Lancaster. 

John S. Poland 

Frank B. Hamilton. 
John Egau 

Francis L. Guenthcr 

Ira W. Clalliu 

Robert Catlin 

John S. Poland 



1st Lieut. 2d Artillery 

21 Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 3 1 Infantry 

1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers . . . 

1st Lieut. 8lh Infantry 

1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers. . . 

1st Lieut. 6lh Infantry 

1st Liout. 21 Artillery 

2il Lieut. 3rl Artillery 

2d Lieut. 3d Artillery 

1st Lieut. Corps of Engineers... 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. 31 Artillery 

Captain, 2d Infantry 

Isl Lieut. 31 Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

{Ca|)t. 5th ArliUci'y and) 
livt. Liout.-Col.,U. S. A../ 

Captain, 6th Cavalry 

Lieut, and Bvt. Captain,) 

" S. A. (Retired) / 

:iplain, 2'\ Infantry and ) 
Bvt. Liout. -Col., U. S. A., j 



/•id Li 

t u.; 



Oct. 
Sep. 
Jan. 

Nov. 
Dec. 
Mar. 

Sep. 

Sep. 

Sep. 

Sep. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Nov. 

Mar. 

April 

May 

July 

Aug. 

Oct. 



4,1859 
24, 1860 

8,1862 
26, 1862 

1, 186J 

20. 1863 
1, 1863 
1, 1863 
1,1863 
1, 1864 
5, 1864 

10. 1864 
28, 1864 
17, 1865 

4, 1865 
3, 1865 

1, 1865 

31. 1865 
10, 1865 



Jan. 7 
(Vpril 26 
Sep. 1 
Aug. 19, 
Mar. 20, 
June 18 
Mar. 17, 
Oct. 10 
Oct. 5 
Oct. 10 
Feb. 25 
Aug. 31 
Mar. 17, 
July 1 
May 



June 20 



1861 
1861 
1862 
1863 
1863 
1863 
1865 
1864 
1864 
1864 
1865 
1865 
1865 
1865 
1865 
1865 



Aug. 25, 1866 
Oct. 6, 1865 



Relieved. 

Tr. to 725. 

Tr. to 726. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 243. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Tr. to 729 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 

Relieved. 



July 1, 1866 



DEPARTITIEIVT OF S.TIAI.li ARMS & !IIir.lTAR¥ C}\ MIVASTICS. 



783 
784 
785 
786 



787 



788 
783 
790 
791 
r92 
79'> 
794 



John C. Kelton 

E. Porter Alexander.... 

Samuel H. Lockelt 

John C. Kelton 



APPOISTMKST AND NAMB. 



INSTRUCTORS. 



ASST. INSTRUCTORS. 

Ellas B. Carling , 



SWORD MASTERS. 



Pierre Thomas*. . . 
Pierre Traintiue*.. 
I/)uis S. Simon*. . , 
Nicholas A. Juuiel" 
F.Tdinand Dupare* 
Patrice de JauoirH . 
Autoue Lorentz*.. . 



ARMT RANK WUKN APPOINTED. 



1st Lieut. 6th Infantry 

2d Lieut. Corps of Engineers. 
Bvt. 21 Lieut. Corps of Eng. 
1st Lieut. Cth Infantry 



Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Artillery. 



TKBU OF SERVICE. 



Fob. 28. 1858 

June 1.5, 1859 

Nov. 19,1859 

June 15,1860 



.June 15,1859 
Oct. 3, 1859 
Sep. 4, 1860 
April 24, 1861 



Nov, 19, 1859 Oct. 22, 1860 



Mar. 
Dec. 

Oct. 
Dec. 
Feb. 

Jan. 



1, 1814 

13, 1825 

5, 1826 

1, 1831 

16, 1837 



Dec. 12,1825 

.lune 27, 1826 

Nov. 30, 1831 

Feb. 15.1837 

.Inly 31,1840 



6. 1846 July 1,1857 



.\p, il 13, 1858 



Ab. leave. 
Dotached. 
Reiieveil. 
Relieved. 



Resigned. 
Died. 
Resigned. 
Resigned. 
Resii;ne i 
Ti- 10 624 



56 



OFFICEES OF THE 



0EPT. OF CHJEiniSTRr, llIIl^'ERAIiOOT^, A]\» CiEOa^OKV. 



795 
796 
797 
798 
799 
800 

801 



802 
803 

804 

805 
806 

807 
808 



809 
810 
811 
812 
813 
814 
815 
816 
817 
818 
819 
820 
821 
822 
8J3 
824 
825 
826 
827 
828 
8-^9 
830 



rOlNTMBNT AND NAMB. 



PROFESSORS, t 

Jas. C'ltbush.* (Acting) 
J. G. Percival* (Acting) 
Jolin Torrey.* (Actiug). . 



HBMY BANK WUKN APPOINTED. 



Post Surgeon 

Assistant Surgeon . 
Assistant Surgeon 



W. F. Hopkins. (Acting.)'2d Lieut. 4th Artillery 



.J. W. Builoy. (Acting).. 
Jacob W. Bailey — 

Henry L. Kendrick . 



Henry L. Kondrick. 
Francis N. Clarke. . . 

Edward C. Boynton. 



Caleb Huse 

Ihomas M. Vincent. 
Alexander Piper. . . . 
Lorenzo Lorain 



ASSISTANT PROFESSOKS. 

Jonathan Prcscott 

Andrew Kinnard , 

John K. Findlay 

John W. A. Smith 

Peter JlcMartiu 

William V. Hopkins 

William Bryant , 

Nicholas Tiilinghast . . . 

William W. Mather 

Nicholas Tiilinghast ... 

John C. Casey 

.Jacob W. Bailey. ... 

Henry L. Kendrick 

George W Rains 

Francis N. Clarke 

Edward C. Bovuton 

George T. Balch 

C ileb Huso , 

Francis J. Shunk 

Lorenzo Lorain 

Thomns C. Bi'adfurd 

Frank B. Hamilton . 



George W. McKee. 



2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

1st Lieut. 1st Artillery 

{Capt. 2d Artillery and 
Bvt. Major, U.S. A 



1st Seut. 2 J Artillery. 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

tlst Lieut. 1st Artillery and 1 
Bvt. Capt.,U. S. A J 

1st Lieut, ist Artillery 

1st Lieut. 2J Artillery 

1 St Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Captain, 3d Artillery 



21 Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 1st Artillery . . . 

21 Lieut. 1st Artillery 

21 Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. Corps Engineers 

21 Lieut. 4th Artillery 

Bvt. 2 1 Lieut. 1st Artillery . . . 

2d Lieut. 7th Infantry 

Bvt. 21 Lieut. 7th Inlantry 

1st Lieut. 7th Infantry 

2d Lieut. 21 Artillery 



TERSI OF 8GBV1CE 



2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2d Lieut. 2d Infantry 

2 J Lieut. 4lh Artillery 

1st Lieut. 4th Artillery 

Bvt. Capt. 1st Artillery 

Bvt. 2 i Lieut. Ordnance 

2d Lieut. 1st Artillery 

2d Lieut. Ordnance 

1st Lieut. 3d Artillery 

Captain, Ordnance 

21 Lieut. 31 Artillery 

1 1st Lieut. Ordnance and) 
{ Bvt. Maj., U. S. A ) 



Sep. 1,1820 

Mar. 4, 1824 

Aug. 25, 1824 

June 15, 1S27 

Aug. 31, 1835 

July 8, 1838 

Mar. 3, 1857 



July 8, 1838 

Jan. 18,1847 

Oct. 1, 1852 

Sep. 10,1855 

Aug. SI, 1859 

.Sep. 11, 1861 

June 16, 1862 



Jan. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Nov. 
Aug. 
Oct. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
June 
Aug. 
.|Jan. 
Mar. 
Sep. 
Oct. 
Oct. 
Aug. 
Sep. 
Dec. 
Sep. 
Mar. 
Sep. 
Oct. 



1822 

182:i 

1824 

1824 

1825 

18-J6 

1826 

182 

1829 

1830 

1831 

1834 

1835 

18« 

1846 

1848 

1852 

1852 

18.55 

1862 

1863 

1863 



Djc. 15, lS23|Died. 
July 6, 1824|Kelieved. 
June 15, 1827 Relieved. 
Aug. 31, 1835 1 Relieved. 
July 8, 183S Tr. to 800. 
Feb. ie, 1857 Died. 



Jan. 
Oct. 

Sep. 

Aug. 31,1859 
July 1, 1861 
June 16, 1862 



18, 1847 Relieved. 
1, 1852 Relieved. 

10, 1855 Relieved. 

Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



Aug. 9, 

Oct. 10, 

Nov. 4, 

.\Iai'. ':6, 

Doc. 2, 

June 15, 

Aug. 31, 
April 1, 

June 20, 

Nov. 30, 

Dec. 19, 

Aug. 31 



July 

May 

Jan. 

Oct. 

Jan. 

Sep. 

Jan. 

Juno 16, 

Oct. 20, 



Nov. 6, 1866 



1826 Relieved. 
1823'Relieved. 
18:4!Tr. to 731. 
1826 Relieved. 
1825! Relieved. 
lS27;Tr. to 798. 
182S Tr. to 375. 
18 9| Relieved. 
lS35'Rel)cved. 
1830 T,-. to 735. 
18c3|Relieved. 
1835 Tr. to T99. 
1838 Tr. to 802 
1846 Relieved. 
1817:Tr. to 803. 
1852 Tr. to 804. 
1863] Relieved. 
1855 Tr. to 805. 



1857 
1862 
1863 



Relieved. 
T.-. to 808. 
Relieved. 



DEPART.TIEXT OF ORUVA.XCC: A\n OU.VXERV. 



APPOINTMENT AND NAME. 



ABMV RANK WUEN APPOINTED. 



TERM OF SERVICE. 



832 
833 
834 
835 



INSTRUCTORS. 



James G. Bon ton 

^t-iphcn V. Bcnet. . . 
Thomas J. Ti-eaUvell. 
(ieorge T. Balch 

Alfred Mordecai 



ASST. INSTEUCTOI!. 

George W. McKco 



laptain of Ordnance. . . 
1st Lieut, of Ordnance. 
Captain of Ordnance .. 
C u)tai:i of Ordnance . . 



(Cajilain of Ordnance and) 
\ Bvt. Lieui.-Col.,i;.S. A../ 

(1st Lieut, of Ordnance and) 
\ Bvt. M,ajor, U. S. A ) 



Feb. 27, 1857 April 26, 1861 
April 26, 186l!Feb. 1, 1864 
reb 11, 1804! Sep. 13. 1864 
Se,i. •.:2, 1864 July 12, 1865 

July 12,18:6 



Nov. 6, 1866. 



Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 
Relieved. 



t The Proressorahip of " Clicmlstry, Mineralogy, and Geology," 



i created by Act of July B, 1838. 



SERVICES AND PROMOTIONS 



OF THE 



OFFICERS 



UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY. 



ig®" The sorviccs and promntions of the Officers of the Military Academy, who were 
Graduates ot the lastitutioii, will be t'ouud recorded with their respective Classes. 

INSPECTOR. 



3. . . .(Born Midi.) ALEXANDER MACOMB (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army w-ith the rank of 

CoKNET OF Cavalry, Jan. 10, 1799. 
Served : on the Staff of Brig. -General North, 1799-1802 ; on Recruiting SerA-ice, 
(Second Lieut., 1st Ine.\ntry, Feb. 16, 1801) 
and on Indian duty in the Cherokee country, 1802; in garrison at West Point, 

(FiKST Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 12, 1802) 
N. Y., 1802-5; in the construction and repairs of fortifications, chiefly in the 
(Captain, Corps of Engineers, June 11, 1805) 
(Major, Corps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1808) 
Carolinas, 1805-12; as Acting Adjutant-General of the Army, Apr. 28 to July 6, 
1812; on the Northern Frontier, in the War of 1812-15 Mith Great Britain. 
(Lieut. -CoLON-EL, Corps of Engineers, July 23, 1810) 
(Colonel, 3d Artillery, July 6, 1812) 
being engaged at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1812,— Bombardment of Ft. Niagara, 
N. Y., Nov. 21, 1812, --Capture of Ft. George, U. C, May 27, 1813— in Gen. Wil- 
kinson's Descent of the St. LawTence River, 1813,— and in command of the 

(Brig. -General, U. S. Army, Jan. 24, 1814) 
forces on the west side of Lake Champlaiu. with which he gained the Battle of 
Plattsburg,* Sep. 11, 1814; in command of the Military Department, compris- 

* Received, Nov. 3, 1814, the Thanks of Con<rress " for his gallantry and pood conduct in de- 
fcating the enemy at Plattsburg, on the 11th of September, rcpnlsin? with 1,500 men, aided by 
a body of militia and volunteers from New Yorlc and Vermont, a British veteran army ereatiy 
superior in u'liaber," willi the prosoalatioa of a Gold Medal "emblematic of this triumph. 



58 OFFICERS OF THE 



INSPECTOR, AIVD SUPERINTENDENT. 



ing the State of Ohio, and Temtories of Michigan and Indiana, headquarters 

(BvT. Maj.-Genekaij, U. S. Aeivty, Sep. 11, 1814, fok Distinguished and 

GaUjAnt Conduct in Defeating the Enemy at Plattsbukg, N. Y. ) 

at Detroit, Mich., 1815-21; in command of the Corps of Engineere, and in 

chaj-ge of the Engineer Bm-eau, at Washington, D. C. , being ex-officio Inspec- 

(Ketained in the Ee-organization or 1821, as 

Colonel and Chief Engineer of the U. S. Army, June 1, 1821) 

tor of the Military Academy, June 1, 1821, to May 24, 1828; and as General- 

(]\'Iajor-General, U. S. Army, May 24, 1828) 
in-Chief, in command of the Army, headquarters at Waaliington, D. C. , except 
for a bi-ief interval in 1836 while in the field in the Florida War, May 24, 1828, 
to June 25, 1811. 

Civil History. — Author of a " Treatise on Martial Law and Courts Martial, 
as practiced in the United States," 1809. 

Died, June 25, 1841, at Washington, D. C. ; Aged 59. 



8. . . . (Born Mas.) JONATHAN WILLIAMS (Ap'd Pa.) 

Civil History. — During the Reyolutionary War he resided in Eiu-ojje, being 
the Private Secretaiy to his relative. Dr. Franldin, on his Mission to France, 
and acted jmrt of the time as a Commercial Agent for the United States. From 
1790 to 1801, he lived in Philadelphia, Pa. 

Military History. — Appointed in the Ai-my with the rank of 

Major, 2d Kegiment of Artillerists and Engineers, Feb. 16, 1801. 
Served as Inspector of Fortifications, from Dec. 1, 1801, when appointed, tUl 
the Peace EstabHshment of 1802, in which he was retained as 
Major, Corps of Engineers, April 15, 1802. 
As "Principal Engineer," he at once assumed the Superintendcncy of the Mili- 
tary Academy, which position he held till June 20, 1803, having immediate 
charge, at the same time, of the construction of the interior defenses of New 
York Harbor. 

Resigned, June 20, 1803. 
Having tendered his resignation on a point of ranlv, he, on the soUcitatio:i of 
President Jefferson, accejDted the re-appointment of 

Chief Engineer, to rank as Lieut. -Colonel, April 19, 1805, 
resuming at the same time his position of Superintendent of the Military 
Academy and charge of the constiTiction of the defenses of the inner harbor of 
New York, which duties he continued to perfomi with distinguished abiUty tUl 
July 31, 1812, when, in consequince of the Secretary of War refusing him the 
command of Castle Williiiiiis in tlio War \\ith Great Britain, then commencing, 
a position to which he felt entitled, having built the work and being the senior 
officer present, he again 

Resigned, July 31, 1812. 

Civil History. — After his resignation, he resided in Philadelphia, devoting 
himself to literary and scientific jiursuits, and was elected to Congress in 1814. 
He was the author of several miliUiiT and plul(>K(>])lii<al pai)ers, and for iuii:!iy 
years the Corre^sponding Secretary and a very clficieut working member of the 
American Philosophical Society of Philadelphia, Pa. 

Died, May 20, 1815, at PmiADiaJ'in.^ Pa. : Aged 65. 



u. B. MILITARY acadj:my. 59 



mililTARir STAFF. 

26. . . . (Born Va. ) PATRICK H. GALT (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History. — Appointed iu the Aimy \\'ith the rank of 
TniKD Lieut., Corps op Aetilusry, Sep. 1G, 1814. 
Served: as BattuHon Adjutant of Artillery, at Ft. Nelson, Va., 1815-17,— 
(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Nov. 1, 1816) 
Charleston, S. C, 1817,— and at Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1817-18; on Eecruiting Ser- 
vice, 1818-20; in ganison at Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1820; on Recruiting Service, 

(First Lieut., Corps of Arttllert, Sep. 26, 1818) 
1820-21; as Adjutant of the MiUtaiy Academy, May 20, 1821, to May 13, 1822; 
as Aide-de-Canip to Bvt. Major-General Scott, May"8, 1822, to Aug. 29, 1829; in 

(Btt. Capt., Sep. 26, 1828, for Faithful Service Ten Years in oxe Grade) 
command of coniimny at Ft Columbus, N. Y., 1829-31, — Ft. Momoe, Va., 
1831-33, except from June 24 to Nov. 22, 1832, while Acting Asst Adjutaut- 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, JLi.Y 15, 1829) 
General on the Black Hawk Expedition,— at Ft Moultrie, S. C, 1833, during 
South Carolina's thi-eatcuedniilliticati()n,—at Ft. Mitchell, .\la., 1834,— Ft. Mon- 
roe, Va., 1834-35, — in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836-39, 
except from Aug. to Oct., 1838, while at Ft Columbus, N. Y., — at the Camp 
of Instniction, near Trenton, N. J., 1839, — Detroit, Mich., 1839^0, excej^t 
while on Recruiting service, Nov., 1839, to May, 1840, — Dearborn ville, ]Mich., 
1840-41,— Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1841,- and at JFt Niagara, N. Y., 1841-46; on 
Recruiting service, 1846-47; in the War Avith Mexico, Aug. 17, 1847, to Sep. 1, 
(Major, 2d Artillery, Feb. 16, 1847) 

1848, in command of his regiment till Nov. 3, 1847, and subsequently of a 
brigade in Gen. Worth's Division, being engaged in the Captm-e of San Anto- 
nio, Aug. 20, 1847,— Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— Battle of Molino 

(Bvt. Leeut.-Col., Aug. 20, 1847, for G.\llaxt axd Meritorious Conduct 
IN the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco) 
del Rej', Sep. 8, 1847, — Battle of Chapultepec. Sep. 13, 1847, — and Assault and 
Capture of the city of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847; with his regiment at Ft Mon- 
roe, Va., Oct. 1, 1848, to Sep. 15, 1849; and on sick leave of absence, Sep. 15, 

1849, to Jan. 9, 1851. 

Died, Jan. 9, 1851, at Philadelphia, Pa. 



41. . . .(Born Vt) HENRY STANTON (Ap'd Vt) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 
Third Lieut., Light Artillery, June 29, 1813. 
Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., July 12, 1813 to ]\LiY26, 1814. 
Served: in the War ^^'ith Great Britain, on Quartermaster duty, 1813-14, and 
as Aide-de-Camp to Majoi--General Izard in the Campaign of 1814, on the 

(Second Lleut., Light Artillery, Mar. 7, 1814) 
Northern frontier; and on leave of absence, 1815-17. 
Resigned, Dec. 1, 1817. 
Re-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Capt. St.aff— Asst. Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Feb. 13, 1818. 
Served: at the Military Academy as Quartemiaster, May 30 to Sept 19, 1818; 
on Quartermaster duty at Atlantic Posts, 1818-22, at New Orleans, La., 1822-23, 

(iL\joR Staff — Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Mat 13, 1820) 

—Detroit, Mich., 1823-26,— and at New Yorl:, 1826-36; as Acting Adjutant- 

(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., May 13, 1830, for F.>rrHFUi Service 

Ten Years in one Grade) 



60 OFFICERS OF THE 



jniLITARlT STAFF. 



General of the Forces commanded by Bvt. Major-General Jesup, in the War in 
Florida and Georgia against the Seminole and Creek Indians, Mai\, 183G, to 
July, 1837; as Chief Quartermaster at New York city, July, 1837, to Sep.' 18-16; 

(Col. Staff — Asst. Quaeteejiastek-Gen. , July 7, 1838) 

in charge of Quartermaster-Generars Office at Washington, D. C, Sep., 1846 to 

June, 1847; as Chief Quartermaster at Philadelphia, Pa., June, 1847, to MiU'ch, 

(Bvt. Bkig. -General, U. S. Army, Jan. 1, 1847, for Meritorious Conduct, 

PAKTICULAKLY IN THE PeRFORJIANCE OF HIS DUTIES IN THE PROSECUTION 

OF THE War WITH IVIexico) 
1851, — and at St. Louis, Mo., Oct., 1851, to May, 1856; and on leave of absence 
and awaiting orders, Maj' to Aug. 1, 1856. 

Died, Aug. 1, 1856, at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y. 



42. . . .(Bom Mas.) JAMES GREEN (Apd Mas. ) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 
First Lieut. , 3d Artillery, Mak. 12, 1812. 
Captain, 3d Artillery, Oct. 29, 1813. 
Served in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain. 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 
Be-appointed in the Ai'my with the rank of 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Sep. 11, 1818. 

Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Sep. 11, 1818. 

Served: at the Military Academy, as Quartermaster, Oct. 22, 1818, to May 17. 

(Second Lleut., 2d Artillery, in Ke-organization of Army, 

to Date from Sep. 11, 1818) 

1824; on Quartermaster duty at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1824r-27 ; as Adjutant 

Second ArtiUery, Mar., 1826, to Dec, 1832, at Savannah, Ga., 1827-3(i,— St. 

(FmsT Lieut., 2d Artillery, May 31, 1826) 
Augustine, Fla., 1830,— Charleston, S. C, 1830-31,— St. Augustine, Fla., 1831, 
—and at Savannah, Ga., 1831-32 ; in garrison at Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1832-33, 
— and at Savannah, Ga., 1833-35 ; as Adjutant, Second ArtiUery, Nov., 1835, to 
June 20, 1837, at Augusta, Ga., 1835,— Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1835,— Ft. Wolcott, 
R. I., 1835-37, — and at Athens, Ten., 1837 ; in command of company at Ft. Pike, 

(Captain, 2d Artillery, June 20, 1837) 
La., 1838, — in the Cherokee Country during the removal of the Indians to the 
West, 1838, — on the Northern frontier, during Canada Border Disturbances, at 
Cleveland, O., 1838 and Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1838-39,— at the Camp of Instnic- 
tion, near Trenton, N. J., 1839, — and at Buffalo, N. Y., 1839 ; and onRecniit- 
ing service, 1840-42. 

Died, Aug. 17, 1842, at Ft. Columbus, N. Y. 



43. . . .(Bom N. Y.) -S3NEAS MACKAY (Ap'd N. Y. 

Military History. — Appointed in the Ai-iny with the rank of 

Lieut. Staff— Asst. Dep. Comahssary of Ordnance, Mae. 12, 1813. 
Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on Ordnance duty i 
(Second Lieut. , Corps of Artillery, in Reduction of Army, 
to date Mar. 12, 1813) 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 61 



millilTARY STAFF. 



K'iu-rison at Saokett's Harbor, N. Y., 1816-18,— Detroit, Mich., 1818, — and Ft. 

(First Lieut., Coups of AutUjUlet, Dec. 1, 1816) 
Shelby, Mich., 1818 ; on Becruitiug service, 1818-19 ; as Aide-de-Cainp toBvt. 
Maj.-General Macomb, 1819-21 ; in gamson at Norfolk, Va., 1821-23,— Augusta 

(Captain, 3d Aktilleky, Dec. 31, 1822) 
.\i-senal, Ga., 1823-24,— and Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1824 ; at the Mihtary Academy, 

(Capt. Staff — Asst. Quaetekmastee, Mab. 15, 1824) 
as Quartermaster, May 17, 1824, to May 27, 1829 ; and on Quartermaster duty at 
Ft. ]\Iouroe,Va., 1829-33,— Charleston, S. C, 1833,— Philadelphia, Pa., 1833-36, 
— Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1836, — in hostilities against the Creek Indians in 
Georgia, 1836,— at Philadelphia, Pa., 1836-39,— New York City, 1839-40,— as 

(Major Staff — Quaetersiastee, Jxtly 7, 1838) 

Chief Quartermaster in the Florida War, 1840,— at New York City, 1840^2,— 

as Chief Quartei-master at St. Louis, Mo., 1842-48,— Washington, D. C, 1848, 

(Lieut. -CoL. Staff — Dep. Quarteril^ster-Gen., Apr. 21, 1846) 

(BvT. Colonel, Mat 30, 1848, for Meeitoeious Conduct, particularly 

IN the Peefoemance of his Duty in the prosecution of the 

Wae with Mexico) 

—and at St. Louis, Mo., 1848-50. 

Died, May 23, 1850, at St. Louis, Mo. 



44.... (Born. Mas.) JOHN L. GARDNER (Ap'dMas.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Thied Lieut., 4th Ini'antet, May 20, 1813. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Northern Frontier, 

(Second Lieut. 4th Infantey, Mae. 28, 1814) 

being engaged in the Attack on La Cole Mill, Mar. 30, 1814, where he was 

wounded, and as Aide-de-Camp to Brig. -General T. A. Smith, 1814 ; as Bat- 

( Second Lieut., Corps of Aetilleey, in Reduction of Army 

TO date from March 28, 1814) 

tahon Quartermaster of Artillery, 1816-18 ; in the Quartermaster General's 

(First Lieut., Coeps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818) 
Office, at Washington, D. C, 1818-24 ; on tour of inspection of Northern 
(Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quartermastee-Gen. , May 18, 1820) 
(Captain 4th Artillery, Nov. 1, 1823) 
Posts, 1824-25 ; in the Quartermaster-General's Office, at Washington, D. C, 
1825-29 ; at the Mihtaiy Academy, as Quartermaster, May 27, 1829, to Oct. 
24, 1830 ; in command of company at Ft. Delaware, Del.', 1830-31, — at New 
Castle, Del., 1831-32, — New York harbor, 1832-33, —Ft. Monroe, Va., 
1 i33-36, — in Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836-39, partici- 

(BvT. Major, Nov. 1, 1833, for Faithful Service Ten Years in one Grade) 
pating in the Battle of Wahoo Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836,— at Fort Columbus, N. Y.. 
1839,— Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1839-41,— Buffalo, N. Y., during Canada Border 
disturbances, 1841-42,— Ft. Severn, Md., 1842-45,— and at Ft. Monroe, Va., 

(Major, 4th Aetilleey, Oct. 13, 1845) 
1845-46 ; in command of reghnent in the War with Mexico, 1846-48, bciu;' 
engaged at Ft. Polk, Tex., July 29, 1846, to Jan. 31, 1847,— in the Siege of 
Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of CeiTo Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— 

(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Apeil 18, 1847, foe Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
IN THE Battle of Cereo Gordo) 



62 OFFICEES OF THE 



mililTARir STAFF. 

Battle of Conti-eras, Aug. 19-20, 1847, — and operations before and Capture of 
(BvT. CoLOXEL Aug. 20, 1817, fok Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
Es- THE Battle o? Contkeras) 
the City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847, on leave of absence, Apr. -Aug., 1848 ; in 
garrison at Ft. Monroe, Ya., 1848 ; in command of regiment, and of 5th 
Military' department during Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 
May. 1849, to Dec. 1850 ; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1850-52 ; in com- 
mand of regiment during Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 1st Aktillery, Aug. 3, 1852) 
1852-53 ; in garrison at Ft. McHenrj', Md. 1853-5G ; on leave of absence, 
Oct. 23, 1856, to June 16, 1858 ; in command of Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1858-60 ; 

(Colonel, 2d Artillery, July 23, 1861) 
on leave of absence, Dec. 5, 1860, to Nov. 1, 1861 ; unemployed, 1861-65 ; 
(Eetieed, Nov. 1, 1861, from Active Service, upon his own Application, 
AFTER over 40 Yeahs consecuttve Service) 
on MiHtaiy Commission at Charleston, S. C, Dec. 24, 1865, to Aug. 13, 1866 ; 
and on the Board for Ketiring Disabled Officers, at Philadelphia, Pa., 
Aug. 30, 1866, to 



52. . . .(Born, R. I.). . .GEORGE D. BREWERTON (Ap'd. N. Y.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Volunteer Service as 

Second Lieut., 1st N. Y. Volunteers, Aug. 1, 1846. 
Served ; in California during the "War with Mexico, 1846-48 ; on frontier 
(Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, May 22, 1847) 
duty in Texas, 1849-51 ; at the Military Academy, as Quartermaster, Jan. 31 

(First Lieut., 1st Infantry, June 26, 1850) 
to April 1, 1851 ; on frontier duty at Ringgold Barracks, Tex., 1851-52 ; and 
on leave of absence, 1852. 

Resigned, Dec. 31, 1852. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 



60. . . . (Bom .) JOHN WATSON (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Ai-my with the rank of 

Surgeon's M.4Te, Nov. 22, 1803. 
Served as the Chief Medical Officer of the Military Academy and Post of 
West Point, Nov. 22, 1803, to May, 31, 1812. 

Died, May 31, 1812, at West Point, N. Y. 



61. . . .(Born N. Y.) SAMUEL A. WALSH (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Post Surgeon, Aug. 9, 1813. 
Served: as the Chief Medical Officer of the Military Academy and Post of 
West Point, Aug. 9, 1813, to Jan. 22, 1820 ; and on leave of absence, June 22, 
to Oct. 1, 1820. 

Resigned, Oct. 1, 1820. 

Civil History.— Unlmown. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 63 



mililTARY STAFF. 



62. . . .(Born Pa.) JAMES CUTBUSH (Ap'd Pa.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army witii the rank of 

AssT. Apothec.\ry-General, Aug. 12, 1814. 
Served ; at Philadeli^hia, Pa., and attached to the Northern Division of the 
Ai-my, Aug. 12, 1814, to May IG, 1820 ; as Chief Medical Officer at the Military 

(Post Surgeon, May 16, 1820) 

Academy and of the Post of West Point, June 22, 1820, to Nov. 18, 1821 ; and 

(AssT. Surgeon in the Re-oeganization of the Ajimy oe 1821, 

TO RANK FROM MaY 1G, 1820) 

as Acting Professor of Chemistry and Mineralogy, at the Militaiy Academy, 
Sep. 1,1820, to Dec. 15, 1823. 

Died, Dec. 15, 1823, at West Point, N. Y. 



63. . . .(Born Ct.) LYMAN FOOT (Ap'd Ct.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Surgeon's Mate, Aug. 10, 1818. 
Served: as Surgeon's Mate, attached to the Second Infantry, Aug. 10, 1818, 
to Dec. 12, 1820; as Post Surgeon in the Northern Division oi' tlie Army, Dec. 

(Post Surgeon, Dec. 12, 1820) 
12, 1820, to June 1, 1821, when the Army was re-organized; as Asst. Surgeon at 
Plattsburg, N. Y., 1820-21,— as Chief Medical Officer at the Military Academy 

(Asst. Surgeon, to rank from Dec. 12, 1820) 
and of the Post of West Point, N. Y., Nov. 18, 1821, to Aug. 6, 1822,— at the 
Sault St. Marie, Mich., 1822-24, — with Second Infantry, 1824-26,— and at Ft. 
Washington, Md., 1826-28, — and Ft. Howard, Wis., 1828-31; and as Surgeon at 
Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1831-32,— Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1832-33,— Ft. Niagara, 

(Surgeon, Mae. 5, 1831) 
N. Y., 1833-34,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1834,— Ft. Winnebago, Wis., 1834-38 
— in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1839-42, — at Madison 
Barracks, N. Y., 1842-46, -and San Antonio, Tex., 1842. 

Died, Oct. 24, 1846, at Port Lavaca, Tex. 



64. . . .(Born ) JOSIAH EVERETT (Ap'd ) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Surgeon's Mate, July 21, 1813. 
Served : as Surgeon's Mate during the War -ndth Great Britain, attached to 
the 21st Infantrj% July 21, 1813, to Sep. 13, 1815— and to the 2d Infantry in the 
Peace Establishment, Sep. 13, 1815, to Aug. 10, 1818 ; as Post Surgeon at 

(Post Surgeon, Aug. 10, 1818) 
Norfolk, Va., Aug. 10, 1818. to Jan. 28, 1820; and as Surgeon of the Light 
Artillery, Jan. 28, 1820, to June 1, 1821, when it was disbanded, — at Ft. Colum- 

(Surgeon, Jan. 28, 1820) 
bus, N. Y., June 1, 1821, to Aug. 1, 1822,— as the Chief Medical Officer at the 
Military Academy and of the Post of West Point, N. Y., Aug. 6, 1822, to Nov. 
10, 1826,— attached to 4th Infantry, 1826-27,— at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1827-32,— 
and at Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1832. 

Died, July 14, 1832, at Ft. Gbatiot, Mich. 



64 OFFICEES OF THE 

/ 

jnililTARV STAFF. 



65 ... . (Born N. Y. ) . . . 'WALTER V. WHE ATON ( Ap'd E. I. ) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Hospital Suegeon, Mae. 28, 1813. 
Served : as Hospital Surgeon during the War ^\^th Great Britain, Mar. 28, 
1813, to May 3, 1816, when, in the reduction of the Army, he was retained as 

Post Surgeon, to e.\nk from Mae. 28, 1813, 
taking post at St. Louis, Mo., from May 3, 1816, till he was promoted to be 

Surgeon, Sep. 4, 1816, 
serving attached to the 2d Infantry, till the Ee-organization of the Armv. 
June 1, 1821,— atSackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1821-22,— Green Bay, Wi.-.., 1822-24, 
—with 3d Infiintry, 1824-2G,— as the Chief Medical Officer at the Mihtarv 
Academy and of the Post of West Point, Nov. 10, 1826, to May 1, 1846, — at 
Jeft'erson Barracks, Mo., 1846-50, —at Philadeli^hia, Pa., 1850-54,— Watervliet 
Ai-senal, N. Y., 1854-58 — and on sick leave of absence, 1858-60. 
Died, Ape. 23, 1860, at Philadelphia, Pa. 



66 (Born Ohio. )... . CHARLES McDOUGAL (Ap'd Ind. ) 

Military History. —Appointed in the Army M-ith the rank of 

Assistant Suegeon, July, 13, 1832. 
Served: at Danville, III, 1832-33, during the Black Hawk War,— with the 
Mounted Rangers, 1833,— at Ft, Winnebago, Wis., 1833-38,— in the Florida 

(Suegeon, July 7, 1838) 
War against the Seminole Indians, 1838-41,— at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1841,— Ft. 
Crawford, Wis., 1841-45,- Jefferson BaiTacks, Mo., 1845-4G,— as the Chief 
Medical Officer at the Military Academy and of the Post of West Point, N. Y., 
Sep. 18, 1846, to June 20, 1848,— at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan.. 1848-50,— Santa 
F^, N. M., 1850-51,— Ft. Union, N. M., 1851-52,— Santa Fe, N. M., as Med- 
ical Director of 9th Military Department, 1852-53, — at Ft. SneUing, Min., 
1853-54,— Ft. McHeurj', Md., 1854-60,— as the Chief Medical Officer at the 
Military Academy and of the Post of West Point, N. Y., Aug. 2, 1860, to Jan. 
23, 1862, being detached on a Medical Board at New York City, Mav 1, to 
Aug. 26, 1861,— at Ft. HamUton, N. Y., 1862,— as Medical Director of the Army 
of the Tennessee, Apr. -Sep., 1862,— as Medical Director at New York City", 

(Assistant Medical Pueveyoe, July 28, 1866) 

1862-65,— and as Asst. Medical Purveyor at, Philadelphia, Pa., 1865-67. 

BvT. Colonel, Nov. 29, 1864, and Bvt. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, 

Mae. 13, 1865, for Faithful and Meeitoeious Services 

during the Eebellion. 



67. . . .(Born Pa.) JOSEPH J. B. WRIGHT (Ap'd Pa.) 

Military History.— Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Oct. 25, 1833. 
Served: at Ft. Gibson, L T., 1833-35,— Camp Des Moines, Iowa, 1835,— Ft. 
Howard, Wis., 1836-37, -Ft. Snelhng, Min. 1837-38,- Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 
1838 39,— Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 1839-40,— in the Florida War against the 
Seminole Indians, 1840-43, at Washington, D. C, 1843,— Plattsburg Bar- 
racks, N. Y., 1843-44,— Ft. Marion, Fla., 1844-45, -with the 8th Infantry, in 

(Surgeon, Mae. 26, 1844) 
the Occupation of Texas, 1845-46,— in the War with Mexico, 1846-48,— as the 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 65 



MII.ITARY STAFF. 



Chief Medical Officer at the Jlihtary Academy and of the Post of West Point, 
June 20 to Dec. 12, 1848,— at San Antonio, Tex., 1849-52,— Carlisle Barracks, 
Pa., 1852-53, — Jefferson BaiTacks, Mo., 1853-55, — Carlisle Ban-acks, Pa., 
1855-57,- — with troops in the field quelling Kansas disturbances, 1857-58,— at 
Ft. Leavenworth, with troops for Utah Expedition, 1858, — Baton Eouge, La., 
1858-59, — Ft. Leavenwoi-th, Kan., 1859-61, — at Cincinnati, O., as Medical 
Director of the Department of the Ohio, 1861, — at St. Louis, Mo., as Medical 
Director of the Department of the Missouii, 1861-62, — and at Carhsle BaiTacks, 
Pa., 1862-67. 

BvT. Colonel, Nov. 29, 1864, and Bvt. Beig. -General, U. S. Army, 
Mar. 13, 1865, foe Faithful and AIeritoeious Seevices 

DUEING THE KeBELLION. 



68. . . .(Bom Ga.) JOHN M. CUYLER Ap'd Ga.) 

Military History. — Ajipointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Subgeon, Ape. 1, 1834. 

Served: at the Chickasaw Agency, 1834, — Baton Eouge, La., 1835, — Ft. 

Wood, La., 1835-36,— in Creek War, 1836,— New Orleans, La., 1836-38,— in 

the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1839-40, — at Washington, D. C, 

1840-42,— Savannah, Ga., 1842^6,— m the War with Mexico, 1846-48,— as the 

(Suegeon, Feb. 16, 1847) 
Chief Medical Officer at the Military Academy and of the Post of West Point. 
N. Y., Dec. 12, 1848, to Apiil 3, 1855,— at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1855-58,- 
at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1858-62, being detached as Member of the Medical Boa- <1 
at New York City, Apr. to June, 1860, — as Medical Inspector, June 11, 1862, to 

(Medical Inspectoe, June 11, 1862) 

Sep., 1863, and Acting Medical Inspector-General, Sep., 1863, to Jan. 9, 1865, 

(Bvt. Colonel, Nov. 29, 1864, and Bvt. Beig. -General, U. S. Akut, 

]VIae. 13, 1865, foe Faithful and Meritoeious Seevices 

DUEING THE KeBELLION) 

at Washington, D. C. , except from Jan. to Sep. , 1863, while President of the 

(MusTEEED OUT AS Medical Inspectoe, Oct. 31, 1865) 
Medical Board at Philadelijhia, Pa., — superintending the removal of sick and 
wounded from North and South Carolina, and at Washington, D. C, Jan., 
1865, to Oct., 1866,— at Ft. Wadsworth, N. Y., Apr. to Oct., 1866,— and as 
Medical Director of the Department of the East, headquarters at Philadelphia, 
Pa., Oct., 1866, to 

69. . . .(Bom S. C.) SAMUEL P. MOORE (Ap'd S. C.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Suegeon, Mae. 14, 1835. 
Seiwed: in the field with the Dragoons, 1835, ^at Ft. Des Moines, lo., 
1835-37,— Ft. Gibson, L T., 1838,— Ft. Coffee, L T., 1838,— Ft. Gibson, L T., 
1838-39, — in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1839-45, — in the 
Occupation of Texas, 1845-46,— in the War with Mexico, 1846-48,— at St. 
Louis, Mo., 1848,— Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1849,— Ft. Laramie, Dak., 1849-51, 

(Suegeon, Ape. 30, 1849) 
—with the Moimted Eifles in Texas, 1851-52,— at Ft. Brown, Tex., 1852-54,-- 
Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1854-55,— as the Chief Medical Officer at the Military 
Academy and of the Post at West Point, N. Y., June 2, 1855, to Apr. 2, 1860, 
— and at New Orleans, La., 1860-61. 

Eesigned, Feb. 25, 1861. 
Joined in the Kebellion of 1861-66 against the United States. 

5 



QQ OFFICERS OF THE 



JHIL.ITARV STAFF. 

71. . . .(Bom Mas.) JOHN F. HEAD (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Aug. 6, 1846. 
Sei-ved: in the War with Mexico, 1846-48,— at New York City, 1848,— New 
Orleans, La., 1848,— Ft. Snelling, Min., 1848-49,— Ft. Ripley, Min., 1849-53, 
—Ft. Independence, Mas., 1853-54,— Ft. Ewell, Tex., 1854r-55,—Einggold Bar- 
racks, Tex., 1855-56,— in Florida, 1856-57,— Ft. Snelling, Min., 1857-58,— Ft. 
Mackinac, Mich., 1858-60, — with troops en route to Oregon, 1860, — at Ft. 

(SuEGEON, Sep. 6, 1860) 
Hoskins, Or., 1860-61,— as the Chief Medical Officer at the Mihtary Academy 
and of the Post of West Point, N. Y., Jan. 23, to July 3, 1862,— as MecUcal 
Director, at Louisville, Ky., 1862-63, — as Member of Medical Board, at Colum- 
bus, O., 1863-64, — and as the Chief Medical Officer at the MUitary Academy 
(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and Meritorious 
Services during the Rebellion) 
and of the Post of West Point, N. Y., Oct., 18, 1864, to 



72. . . .(Bom France.). . .EUGENE H, ABADIE (Ap'd Pa.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, July 4, 1836. 
Served : in the Creek Nation, 1836, — wth emigi-ating Indian.s, 1836-37,- -in 
the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1837-39, — in New York har- 
bor, 1839-40,— Ft. Smith, Ai-k., 1840-44,— Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1844-46,— m Flor- 
ida, 1846^7,— ia the War with Mexico, 1847-48,— at Point Isabel., Tex., 
1848-49,— St. Louis, Mo., 1849-52,— Santa Ft?, N. M., 1852-56,— Jefferson 

(Surgeon, July 24, 1853) 
Barracks, Mo., 1856-58,— New Orleans, La., 1858-60,— San Antonio, Tex., 
1860-61,— as a paroled Prisoner of War, at New York City, 1860-61,— at 
Washington, D. C, 1861-62,— as the Chief Medical Officer at the Mihtary 
Academy and of the Post of West Point, N. Y., July 3, 1862, to Oct. 10, 1864, 
except while temporarily detached on the Medical Board, at Philadelphia, Pa. , 
Sep. 29, 1862, to Jan. 14, 1863, and at New York City, Oct. 15 to Dec. 7, 
1863,— as Chief Medical Officer of the IMilitary Division of West I\Iississippi, 
BvT. Lieut. -Col., and Bvt. Colonel, M^r. 13, 1865, for Faithful 
AND Meritorious Services during the Rebellion) 
1864-65, — as Medical Director of the Department of the Missouri, 1865-66, — 

(Asst. Medical Purveyor, July 28, 1866 : not Confirmed by Senate) 
and as Acting Asst. Medical Purveyor, at St. Louis, Mo., 1866-67. 



74. ...(Born Md.) BENJAMIN KING (Ap'dMd.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Surgeon's Mate, Oct. 14, 1818. 
Served : at Baton Rouge, La., 1821-22,— Augusta, Ga, 1822-23,— at the Mil- 
(AssisTANT Surgeon, June 1, 1821) 
itary Academy, Apr. 28 to Aug. 19, 1823, -Ft. McHcnrv. Md.. 1824-25, - 
Charleston, S. C, 1825-26,— Savannah, Ga., 1826 27, -Ft. McHenn', Md., 
1827-29,— Ft. Severn, Md., 1829-31,— Ft. Washington, Md., 1831-32,— Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1832,— PhUadelphia, Pa., 1832-33, —Washixigton, D. C, 1833 40, 
— in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1841-42, — at Ft. Severn, 
Md., 1842-45,— PliiLadelphia, Pa., 1845-49,— Cai-Usle Barracks, Pa., 1849-51,— 



U, S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 67 



IIIIL.ITARV STAFF. 

and as Treasurer of the Soldier's Home, near Washington, D. C, 1851-64, 

(Retired feom Active Service, Nov. 9, 18G3) 
since which time he has been unemployed. 



75....(BornN. J. ).... SAMUEL G. I. de CAMP (Ap'dN. J.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Sukgeon, Oct. 10, 1823. 
Served: at Ft. Jackson, La., 1823-24,— with the 4th Infantrj', 1824-28,— at 
the Mihtai-y Academy, Aug. 1 to Nov. 24, 1828,— at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 
1828-32,— on the Black Hawk Expedition, 1832,— at Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 1833,— 

(Surgeon, Dec. 1, 1833) 
Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1833-34,— Ft. Gibson, L T., 1834-37,— Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Mo. , 1837-38, — in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1838-39, 
— at Jeflerson Barracks, Mo., 1839^4, — Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1844-46,— 
with the Exi^edition to California in the War with Mexico, 1846-47, — at Ft. 
McHenry, Md., 1847-48,— CarUsle Barracks, Pa., 1848^9,— Ft. Columbus, 
N. Y., 1849-54,— St. Louis, Mo., 1854-61,— Alleghany Arsenal, Pa., 1861-62,— 
and at Watervhet Arsenal, N. Y., 1862-03, since which time he has been 
unemployed. 

(Retired from Active Service Aug. 27, 1862, for Disability 

Resulting from Long and Faithful Service, and 

Disease Contracted in the Line of Duty. ) 



76. . . .(Bom ) JOSIAH D. HARRIS (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Mar. 2, 1833. 
Served : (whUe awaiting promotion) at the Military Academy, Jan. 23 to 
July 29, 1832 ; and after his promotion at Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1833,— and at Ft 
Smith, Ark., 1833. 

Died, Sep. 26, 1833, at Ft. Smith, Ark. 



77. . . .(Bom Vt.) PHILIP MAXWELL (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Ai*my with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, July 13, 1832. 
Served : at the MiUtary Academy, July 29 to Oct. 4, 1832, — Ft. Dearborn, 
HI., 1833-37,— Ft. Howard, Wis., 1S37,— in the Florida War against the Semi- 

(SuRGEON, July, 7, 1838) 
nole Indians, 1837-41,— and at Ft. Gibson, L T., 1841-42. 
Disbanded, Sep. 23, 1842. 



78. ...(Bora ) ROBERT E. KERR (Ap'd D. C.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Armj^ with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, May 2, 1826. 
Served: at Ft. Pike, La., 1826-29,— Hancock Barracks, Me., 1829-32,— 
with the Black Hawk Expedition, 1832, — and at the Military Academy, Nov. 
29, 1832, to May 7, 1833. 

Resigned, Aug. 31, 1833. 



68 OFFICERS OF THE 



ITEIIilTARlT STAFF. 



79 ... . (Bom Va. ) THOMAS HENDERSON. (Ap'd D. C. ) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 
Assistant Sukgeon, Dec. 31, 1833. 

Served: at the llihtaiy Academy, Feb. 25, 1834, to Oct. 13, 1835,— Ft. Mc- 
Henrj', ]\Id., 1835-37, — in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 
1837-38,— Ft. Monroe, Va., 1838,— Oswego, N. Y., 1838-39,— Sackett's Har- 
bor, N. Y., 1839^2,— Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1842-43,— Ft. Ontario, N. Y., 1843,— 
Ft. Preble, Me., 1843-45,— Plattsburg Barracks, N. Y., 1845-46,— Ft. Monroe, 
Va., 1846-48,— Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1848-49,— and at Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 
1849-54. 

Died, Aug. 11, 1854, at Lexington, Va. 



80. . . .(Bom D. C). . . .WILLIAM W. HOXTON (Ap'd D. C.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Aug. 24, 1835. 
Served: at the Military Academy, Nov. 30, 1835, to Sep. 30, 1839,— and in 
the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1839-41. 
Eesigned, Sep. 30, 1841. 
Civil History. — Unknown. 



81. . . .(Bom Mas.) GEORGE F. TURNER (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, July 23, 1833. 
Served: at Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1833-35,— Castle Pickney, S. C, 1835-38,— 
Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1838, — in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 
1838-39,— at the Mihtary Academy, Sep. 1, 1839, to Apr. 24, 1840,— Ft. SneU- 

(SuRGEON, Jan. 1, 1840) 
ing, Min., 1840^6,— in the War with Mexico, 1846-47,— at Ft. Snelling, Min., 
1847-48,— Detroit, Mich., 1848^9,— CaUfornia, 1849-50,— awaitmg orders, 
1850-51,— and in Texas, 1851-54. 

Died, Oct. 17, 1854, at Corpus Christi, Tex. 



82 ... . (Bom Pa.) JOSEPH K. BARNES (Ap'd Pa. ) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, June 15, 1840. 
Served: at the Mihtary Academy, July 10 to Nov. 9, 1840,— in the Florida 
War against the Seminole Indians, 1840 -42, —at Ft. Joaup, La., 1842-46,— in 
the War with Mexico, 1846-48,— Baton Kouge, La., 1848,— in Texas, 1848,— 
at Baltimore, Md., 1850-51, — in Missouri, 1851-54, — at the Mihtary Academy, 
Jan. 3, 1854, to June 1, 1857,— in California, 1857.— at Ft. Vancouver, Wasli. , 

(Surgeon, Aug. 29, 1856) 

1857-61, — at the headquarters of General Hunter, commmanding the Western 

Department, and subsequently the Department of Kansas, 1861-62, — on special 

duty at Washington, D. C, 1862 63, — in charge of Medical Inspector-Gen- 

(Medicax Inspector, Feb. 9, 1863) 

(Medical Inspbctor-General, Aug. 10, 1863) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 69 



iWII^ITABY STAFF. 

erftl'6 Bui'eau, at Washington, D. C, 1863, — and in the command of the Medical 

(Surgeon-Genekax of the U. S. Akmy, Aug. 22, 1864) 
Department, headquarters at Washington D. C. , since Aug. 25, 1863. 

BvT. Beig. -General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Meritorious 
AND Distinguished Services during the Rebellion. 
BvT. Major-General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for FAiTHruL 
AND Meritorious Services during the Kebellion. 



83 ... . (Bom !Hd. ) . . . CHARLES M. HITCHCOCK (Ap'd Md. ) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Aug. 17, 1835. 

Served: at Ft. Cass, Ten., 1835-38,— Eouse's Point, N. Y., 1838-39,— in the 

Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1839-10, — at the Military Academy, 

Dec. 14, 1840, to Apr. 29, 184.5,— Augusta Ai-senal, Ga., 1845-46,— in the War 

with Mexico, 1846-48,— at Austin, Tex., 1848-49,— Savannah, Ga., 1849,— in 

(Surgeon, Feb. 13, 1851) 
Florida, 1849-50,— at Savannah, Ga., 1850-51,— Castle Pmckney, S. 0., 1851,— 
and at San Francisco, CaL, 1851-53. 

Resigned, Mae. 31, 1853. 
Re-appointed in the army with the rank of 

AssT. Surgeon, Feb. 22, 1854. 
Resigned, Mar. 31, 1856. 
Civil History. — Physician at San Francisco, Cal., since 1853. 



84. ...(Born Va.) ROBERT SOUTHGATE (A'd. Va.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army ^ith the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Aug. 30, 1836. 
Served: in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836-37, — at Ft 
Towson, I. T., 1837-40,— Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1840-45,— at the Mihtary Acad- 
emy, Aug. 11, 1845, to Jan. 24, 1850,— and m Florida, 1850-53. 
Resign-ed, May 31, 1853. 
Civil History. — Unknown. 

Joined in the RebeUion of 1861-66 against the United States. 
Died, 1864, at Richmond, Va. 



85....(BomS. C.) JAMES SIMONS (Ap'd. S. C.) 

Military History,— Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, July 11, 1839. 
Served: at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1839,— in the Florida War against the 
Seminole Indians, 1839-42,— Ft. Towson, I. T., 1842-44,— Ft. Washita, I. T., 
1844-45, -in Mihtaiy Occupation of Texas, 1845-46,— in the War with IVIex- 
ico, 1846^8,— Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1848^9, — at the Military Academy, 
Feb. 5, 1850, to Apr. 7, JL854,— Ft. Riley, Kan., 1854-56, ***** in 

(Surgeon, Aug. 26, 1856) 
Texas, 1858-60,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1860-61,— Washington, D. C, 1861,— 
Cairo, HI., 1861-62,— Davids Ishiud, N. Y., 1862-63,— New York City, as Ex- 
amining Surgeon, 1863-61,— Bedloe's Island, X. Y., 1864-65, — and at the 
(Bvt. Lieut.-Col., and Bvt. Colont:l, Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful an-d 
Meritorious Services during the Rebellion) 
headquarters of the Department of Virginia, 1865-66, — and of the Potomac, 
and First Mrlitaiy District, 1S66-67. 



70 OFFICEES OF THE 



mililTARV STAFF. 



86. . . . (Born Md. ) . . . . WILLIAM A. HAMMOND (Ap'd Md. ) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Suegeon, Jlne29. 18-49. 
Served: at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 1849, — in New Mexico, 1849-53, — in 
Florida, 1853,— at the Military Academy, Nov. 14, 1853, to Feb. 21, 1854,— Ft 
Kilej', Kan., 1854-59,— and Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1859-60. 
Kesigned, Oct. 31, 1860. 
Re-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Suegeon, May 28, 1861. 
Served: at Hagerstown, Md., 18G1,— Frederick, Md., 1861,— Baltimore, Md., 
(Suegeon-Geneeal of the U. S. Army, Apk. 25, 1862) 
1861, — in West Virginia, 1861-62, — and in command of the Medical Depart- 
ment, headquarters at Washington, D. C, 1862-63. 
Dismissed, Aug. 18. 1864. 

Civil History. — Physician at New York City since 1864. 



88. . . . (Born N. Y.) JOHN CAMPBELL (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Ai'my with the rank of 

Assistant Suegeon, Dec. 13, 1847. 
Served: in the War with Mexico, 1848,— in Texas, 1848-50,— in Califor- 
nia, 1850-54,— New York City, 1854-55,— Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1855-56,— Ft. 
Eidegly, Min., 1856-57,— at the Military Academy, June 1, 1857, to July 16, 
I860,— Plattsburgh Barracks, N. Y., 1860-61,— Washington, D. C, 1861,— Ft. 

(Suegeon, Mat 21, 1861) 

Pickens, Fla., 1861-62,— Washington, D. C, 1862,— Ft. Wood, N. Y., 1862-63, 

— as Member of Eetiring Boai-d at Wilmington, Del., 1863, — at Philadelphia, 

(Bvt. Lieut.-Col. and Bvt. Colonel, Mae. 13, 1865, eoe Faithful aj^d 

Meeitoeious Seevices during the Rebellion) 

Pa., 1863-65,— Augusta, Ga. , 1865-66,— and at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1866-67. 



89 (BomS. C.) JOHN F. HAMMOND (Ap'dS. C.) 

Military History.— Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Suegeon, Feb. 16, 1847. 
Served: as Asst. Surgeon in the War with Mexico, 1847-48,— at Jefferson 
Barracks, Mo., 1848-49,— m New Mexico, 1849-52,— in Florida, 1852-53,— at 
Ft. Coliunbus, N. Y., 1853-54, in California, 1854-58,— at Ft. Walla WalliX, 
Wash., 1858,— Ft. Townsend, Wash., 1858-59,— New York City, 1859-60,— 
and at the Military Academy, June 11, 1860, to April 24, 1861 ; and as Sur- 

(SuEOEON, Feb. 25, 1861) 
geon at Ft. Jefferson, Torlugas, Fla., 1861-62,— with the Army of the Poto- 
mac in the field, 1862,— and at New York City, 1862-67. 

Bvt. Lieut.-Col., Mae. 13, 1865, foe Faithful and MEEiTOEioua 
Seevices duedjg the Rebellion. 



U. S. MILITAKY ACADEMY. 71 



1TIII.ITARY STAFF. 

90. . . .(Born 0.) GLOVER PERIN (Ap'd O.) 

Militaiy History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Sukgeon, Dec. 4, ISiT. 

Served : in the War with jVIexico, 18-i7-4:8, — in Texas, 1848-53, — at Newport 

Barracks, Ky., 1853-54,— in Florida, 1854,— at Ft. Snelling, Min., 1854-55, - 

New Mexico, 1855-61,— at the MUitaiy Academy, Apr. 6 to Sep. 27, 1861, — 

(Surgeon, IMat 21, 1861) 

Department of the Cumberland, 1861-62, — Department of the Ohio, 1862, — 
Medical Director of the Department of the Cumberland, 1863-64, — Evansv-ille, 
Ind., 1864,— Ciuckinati, 0., 1864-65,— and at Newport Barracks, Ky., 1865-67. 

(BVT. LlEUT.-CoL., M.\I{., 13, 1865, for FAlTHFTHi AND MeRITOBIOUS 

Seb\ices cubing the Rebellion. ) 



91. . . . (Born D. 0.) DALLAS BACHE (Ap'd Pa. ) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Ai-my with the rank of 

Assistant Suegeon, Mat 28, 1861. 

Served: at the Military Academy, June 5 to Nov. 29, 1861, — Department of 

(BvT. Captain, and Bvt. Major, Mae. 13, 1865, foe Faithful and 

Meeitoeious Services during the Rebellion) 

the Cumberland, 1861-65,— Philadelphia, Pa., 1865,— Cumberland, Md., 

1865-66,— and Nashville, Ten., 1866-67. 



92. . . .(Bom Va.) CHARLES PAGE (Ap'd Va,) 

Miltaiy History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Dec. 2, 1851. 

Served: at Key West, Fla., 1851-52,— in Missouri, 1852,— at Ft. Laramie 

Dak., 1852-57,— Ft. Smith, Ai-k., 1857-59,— Ft. Washita, I. T., 1859-61,— in 

Kansas, 1861,— at Baltimore, Md., 1861,— at the MiHtary Academy, Nov. 29, 

1861, to June 10, 1862,— Washington, D. C, on hospital duty, 1862, — Hagers- 

(Suegeon, Ape. 16, 1862) 
town, Md., 1862, — Camp Convalescent, near Alexandria, Va., 1863, — Alexan- 
dria, Va., on hospital duty, 1863-64, — with Army of the Potomac, 1864-65, — 
Department of Virginia, 1865-66, —Medical Director of the Department of 
North Carolina,' 1866, — Department of the Carolinas, 1866-67, — and Second 
(Bvt, Lieut. -Col., Mae. 13, 1865, for Faithful and Meeitoeious 
Seevices during the Rebellion) 
Military District (North and South Carolina), 1867. 



93. ...(Bom K Y) ALBERT HARTSUPP (Ap'd Mich.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Aimj with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Aug. 5, 1861. 

Served : in the West Virginia Campaign, 1861-62,— at the Mditary Academy. 

June 10, 1862, to Jan. 14, 1863, -Washington, D. C, 1863-64,— Department of 

(Bvt. Major, Mab. 13, 1865, foe Faithful and Meeitoeious Services 

DUEiNG the Rebellion) 

the Gulf, 1864-65,— and New Orleans, La., 1865-67. 

Bvt. Lieut. -Col., Nov. 26, 1866, foe Meritorious and Distlnguished 

Services during the Outbreak and Continuance 

OF Cholera at New Orleans, LiA. 



72 OFFICERS OF THE 



raililTARY STAFF. 



94. . . .(Born Ct.) H. LAWRENCE SHELDON (Ap'd Ct.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Ai-my with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, July 26, 1861. 
SeiTed: at Alexandria, Va., 1861-62,— Ft. Monroe, Va. , 1862,— Portsmouth, 
Va., on hospital duty, 1862, — Portsmouth Grove, E. I., on hospital duty, 
1862-63,— at the Military Academy, Jan. 14 to Dec. 28, 1863, —Department of 
(Byt. Captain, and Bvt. Major, Mar. 13, 1865, for FAirHFUL and 
Meritorious Services during the Rebellion) 
the Gulf, 1864-65, — and Department of Louisiana, 1865-66. 
Resigned, July 1, 1866. 
Civil History.— Physician at Hartford, Ct., since 1866. 



95. . . .(Bom Me.) EDWARD S. DUNSTER (Ap'd N. T.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Ai'my with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Aug. 5, 1861. 

Served : in West Virginia, in the field, 1861, and on hospital duty, 1861-62, 

-at Washington, D. C, 1862,— with the Army of the Potomac, 1862,— at Phila- 

delphia, Pa., on hospital duty, 1862-63, — in the Surgeon-General's Office, at 

(Bvt. Captain, and Bvt. Major, Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and 

Meritorious Services during the Rebellion) 

Washington, D. C, 1863,— and at the Mihtary Academy, Nov. 17, 1863, to 

Dec. 22, 1865. 

Resigned, Feb. 1, 1866. 

Civil History. — Physician at New York City since 1866. 



96. . . .(Bom N. J.) ELIAS J. MARSH (Ap'd N. J.) 

Military BQstory. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Aug. 5, 1861. 

Served : in the field ^vith the 5th Cavalry, 1861-62,— at Georgetown, D. C, 

on hospital duty, 1862, — Washington, D. C, on hospital duty, 1862-63, — ^with 

(Bvt. Captain, and Bvt. Major, Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and 

Meritorious Services During the Rebellion) 

the Army of the Potomac, 1863-65, — in the Department of Texas, 1865, — and 

at the M!ilitary Academy, Dec, 22, 1865, to 



97. . . .(Bom Md.) HENRY McELDERRY (Ap'd Md.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Feb. 28, 1866. 
Served : at Ft. McHenry, Md., 1866, — and at the Mihtary Academy, June 18, 
1866, to April 29, 1867. 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 73 



PROFESlSORa AND HVSTRVCTORS. 



120. . . .(Born N. H.) JOHN BLISS (Ap'd N. H.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

First LrEUT., 11th Infantry, Mar. 12, 1812. 
Served : in the AVur of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Northern fron- 
(Capt.aen 11th Infantry, May 13, 1813 : Gth Infantry, May 17, 1815) 
tier, being wounded in the Battle of Niagara, July 25, 1814 ; in command of 
company at Plattsburg, N. Y., 1815-18,— House's Point, N. Y., 1818,— and 
Plattsburg, N. Y., 1818 ; at the Military Academy, as Commandant of Cadets 
and Instriictor of Infantry Tactics, Apr. 2, 1818, to Jan. 11, 1819 ; on frontier 
duty at Bellefontaine, Mo., 1819,— Missouri Eiver, 1819-20,— and Council 
Blutfs, lo., 1820-21 ; on leave of absence, 1821-22 ; on frontier duty at Ft. 

(Tbansferred to 5th Infantry, 1821, and to 3d Infantry, 1822j 
Howard, Wis., 1822-25 ; on Recruiting service, 1825-26 ; on frontier duty at 
(Bvt. Majoe, May 13, 1823, fob Faithful Service 
Ten 1''eaks in one Gk.u)e) 
Ft. Winnebago, Wis., 1826, --Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1826-27,— and at Ft. 
Leavenworth, Kan. , 1827-29 ; on leave of absence, 1829-30 ; on frontier duty 
at Des Moines, lo., 1830,— and at Ft. Armstrong, 111., 1830-32 ; in the Black 

(Majob, 1st Infantby, July 15, 1831) 
Hawk War, being engaged in command of a regiment in the Battle of the Bad 
Axe, Aug. 2, 1832 ; on leave of absence, 1832-33 ; on frontier duty at Ft. SneU- 

(LiEUT. -Colonel, 6th Infantby, Oct. 30, 1836) 
ing, Min., 1833-36 ; and in garrison at Newport Barracks, Ky., 1836-37. 
Resigned, Sep. 6, 1837. 



Civil History. — Unknown. 



122. .. . (Bom N. Y.) . . . .WILLIAM J. WORTH (Ap'd N. T.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

FiBST Lieut., 23d Infantry, Mae. 19, 1813. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 vdth. Great Britain, as Aide-de-Camp to Major- 

General Lewis, 1813, and to Brig. -General Scott, 1814, in the Campaign on the 

(BvT. Captain, July 5, 1814, foe Gallant and Distinguished Conduct 

IN THE Battle of Chippewa) 

Northern frontier, being severely wounded in the Battle of Niagara, Jidy 25, 

(Bvt. Major, July 25, 1814, foe Gallantby and Good Conduct in the 

Battle of Nlvgara) 

1814 ; in gan-ison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y.. 1815-17, — Greenbush, N. Y., 

(Captain, 23d Infantby, Aug. 19, 1814 : 2d Infantry, May 17, 1815) 
1817-19,— Plattsburg, N. Y., 1819,— and Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1819-20; as 
Superintendent of Recruiting service, 1820; at the Military Academy, as Com- 
mandant of Cadets and Instructor of Infantry Tactics, Mar. 17, 1820, to Dec. 2, 
(Teansfekeed, Mat 17, 1821, to 1st Artillery, in Re-oeganization 
OF Army) 
1828 ; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1829 ; as Member of the Board of Vis- 
itors to the Military Academy, 1829 ; on leave of absence, 1829 ; in garrison at 
Ft. Monroe, Va., 1829-32 ; in command of Ft. Monroe Arsenal, Va., 1832, — 

(Major, Oedn.ance Cobps, May 30, 1832) 
Franlcfort Arsenal, Pa., 1832-35, — and of WatervUet Arsenal, 1835-38; in com- 
mand of 8th Infantry, July-Oct, 1838, and of Northern Department, Oct, 



74 OFFICERS OF THE 



PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS. 



1838-Dec., 1839, duriug Cauada Border Distiu-bauces ; in the Florida War 

(Colonel, 8th Infantky, July 7, 1838) 

against the Seminole Indians, 184:0-42, commanding District of Tampa, Jan.- 

May, 1841, and the Army in Florida, May, 1841, to Aug., 1842, being engaged 

in "the Attack of Halleck Tustenuggee's Band at Pilaldikaha, Apr. 19, 1842 ; 

in command of the Department of Florida, 1842-40 ; in command of brigade, 

BvT. Brig.-Genekal, U. S. Army, Mab. 1, 1842, foe Gallantry and 

Highly Distinguished Sek'V'ices as Commander of the 

Forces in the War against the Florida Indians) 

1846-47, and division, 1847-48, in the War with Mexico, being engaged in the 

Battle of Monterey,* Sep. 21-23, 1846,— Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— 

(BvT. Maj. -General, U. S. Army, Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant and 
Meritorious Conduct in the Several Conflicts at 
Monterey, Mex.) 
Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Capture of San Antonio, Aug. 20, 
1847,— Battle of Churubusco, Aiig. 20, 1847,— Battle of Mohno del Hey, Sep. 8, 
1847, — Battle of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847,— and Assault and Capture of 
the City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847 ; and in command of the Department of 
Texas and New Mexico, Nov. 7, 1848, to May 7, 1849. 

Died, May 7, 1849, at San Antonio, Tex. : Aged, 55. 



124. . . .(Born Mas.) JOHN FOWLE (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Second Lieut., 9th Infantry, Apr. 9, 1812. 

Eegimental Paymaster, July 3, 1812. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in the Campaigns on the 

(First Lieut. , 9th Infantry, Apr. 16, 1813) 

Northern frontier, being wounded in the Battle of Niagara, July 25, 1814; on 

(Captain, 9th Infantry, June 10, 1814 : 5th Infantry, May 17, 1815) 
frontier duty at Detroit, Mich., 1815-18,— Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1818-19,— 
Green Bay, Wis., 1819,— and Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1819-22; on Recruiting ser- 
vice, 1822-23; on frontier duty at Council Blutfs, lo., 1823-24,— and Ft. Ed- 
wards, 111., 1824; on leave of absence, 1824-25; on Recruiting service, 1825; on 
(BvT. Major, June 10, 1824, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
frontier duty at Ft. Snelling, Min., 1825-26; on Recruiting service, 182G, on 
frontier duty at Ft. Snelling, Min., 1826; on leave of absence, 1826-27 ; ou 
frontier duty at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1827-28,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828, 
— and Ft. Dearborn, 111., 1828 ; on leave of absence, 1830-32; on frontier 
duty at Ft. Brady, Alich., 1832-33; at the Military Academy, as Commandant 

(Major, 3d Infantry, Mar. 4, 1833) 
of Cadets and Instructor of Intantry Tactics, July 10, 1833, to Mar. 31, 1838; 
and while en route to his post, by the bursting of the boiler of the steamer 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 6th Infantry, Dec. 25, 1837) 
Moselle, on the Ohio River, near Cincinnati, was 
Killed, Ape. 25, 1838. 

• Presented by Congress, May 2, 1847, with a Sword of Honorj " In testimony of thn hipb 
sense ontortainsd Tiy Congross of bis gallantry and good conduct in Storming Mnntoroy." Ho 
was also proscntnd with a Rword by the State of New York, in 1848, — by his native county, 
Columbia., in 1842 — ;md by the State of Louisiana in 1848; and the City of New York has 
erecteil a Monument to his memory, at the junction of Broadway and Fifth Avenue, facing 
Madison Square. 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 75 



PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS. 

155 ... (Boru X. Y. ) . . WILLIAM G. BELKNAP (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Military History.— Appointed in the Army with the rank of 
Thied Lieut., 23d Infante y, Apk. 5, 1813. 
Second Lieut., 23d Infantry, Oct. 15, 1813. 
Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in the Campaigns on the 
Northern frontier, being wounded in the Sortie from Ft. Erie, Sep. 17, 1811 ; 

(FiKST Lieut., 23d Infantry, Aug. 19, 1814: 2d Infantry, May 17, 1815) 
in garrison at Sacliett's Harbor, N. Y., 1815-17, — and Greeubush, N. Y., 
1817-18 ; at the Military Academy, as Assistant Instructor of Infantry Tac- 
tids, Dec. 5, 1818, to Apr. 4, 1819 ; in garrison at Greenbush, N. Y., 1819-20, 
— Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1820,— and Greenbush, N. Y., 1820-21 ; on fron- 
tier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1821-22 ; on Recruiting service, 1822-24 ; on 

(Captain, 3d Infantry, Feb. 1, 1822) 
fi-ontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1824-26,— Ft. Winnebago, Wis., 1826-28, 
— and Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1828-29 ; on Recruiting service, 1829-34 ; in 

(BvT. Ma.tor, Feb. 1, 1832, for Faithful Service Ten Years in one Grade) 
command of company at Ft. Jesup, La., 1834-36, — Camp Sabine, La., 1836-37, 
—Sabine Lake, La., 1837-38, —Ft. Smith, Ark., 1838-40,— and Ft. Brooke, 
Fla., 1840-41; as Superintendent of Indian Emigration, Mar. to July, 1841; 
on leave of absence, July to Nov., 1841 ; as Member of a Commission in 

(Major, 8th Infantry, Jan. 31, 1842) 

Florida, Nov., 1841, to Apr., 1842 ; in command of regiment, AjDr. to Dec, 

1842, and District of St. John's, June to Oct., 1842, in the Fiorida War against 

(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., ILiR. 15, 1842, for General Good Conduct in the 

War against the Florida Indians, and for securing, 

by ilnjTARY Operations and Negotiations, 

A GREAT NUM33ER OF PRISONERS) 

the Semiuole Indians; on special duty in Florida, Dec, 1842, to Apr., 1843; 
on leave of absence, Apr. to Dec, 1843 ; in garrison at Ft. Brooke, Fla., 
1843-45 : in command of regiment in Militaiy Occupation of Texas, 1845-46 ; 
in the War with Mexico, 1846-48. commanding brigade, Apr. 8 to May 28, 
1846, and regiment, May 28 to July 16. 1846, and as Acting Inspector-Gen- 
eral of the Ai-my under Major-General Taylor, July 16, 1846, to Feb., 1848, 
being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846, — Battle of Eesaca de 
(BvT. Colonel, !^Li.Y 9, 1846, for Gallant and Distinguished Con- 
duct in the Battles of Palo Alto and Eesaca de la Paliia) 
la Palma, May 9, 1846,— Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846,— and Battle of 
(BvT. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, Feb. 23, 1847, for G.u:.lant and 
^Ieritorious Conduct in the Battle of Buena Vista) 
Buena Vista, Feb. 22-23, 1847 ; on Court of Inquiry and leave of absence, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 5th Infantry, Sep. 26, 1847) 
Feb. to Dec, 1848 ; in command of regiment at Ft. Gibson, L T., 1848-51,— 
and Ft. Washita, I. T., 1851; and in command of the Seventh MiUtary De- 
partment (Red River Posts), headquarters at Camp Belknap, Tex., June 11 to 
Nov. 10, 185L 

Died, Nov. 10, 1851, near Preston, Tex. 



253. .. . (Born Mas.) FABIUS WHITING (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 
Second Lieut, of Artillery, Feb. 10, 1812. 
First Lieut., 1st Artillery, June 20, 1813. 



76 OFFICERS OF THE 



PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS. 

Served: iu the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Northern frontier, 
being Aide-de-CamiJ to Brig. -General Chandler, 1814 ; in garrison at Ft. Con- 

(TlvAJfSFEERED TO COEPS OF AkTLLLEEY, MaY 17, 1815) 

stitutiou, N. H., 1815-17 ; on Recmiting service, 1817-18 ; in gan-ison at Ft. 
Constitution, N. H., 1818 ; as Battalion Quartermaster of Artillery, May, 1818, 
to June, 1819 ; as Acting Judge Advocate of the Northern Di\"ision, June to 
(Captain, Cokps of AnTrLLEEY, Sep. 10, 1819 : 1st Ajrtillery, 
May 17, 1821) 
Dec, 1819 ; at the Militaiy Academy, as Instructor of Artillery, Aug. 15, 1820, 
to Aug. 7, 1821 ; in command of companv at Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1821-23, 
—Ft. McHenry, Md., 1823,— F4 Constitution, N. H., 1823-27,— Ft. Johnston, 
N. C, 1827-28,— and Ft. Monroe, Va., 1828-29 ; on Eecruiting service, 1829; 
(BvT. Majoe, Sep. 10, 1829, for Faithful Seevice 
Ten Yeaes in one Geade) 
in command of company at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1829-31, — and BeUona Arsenal, 
Va., 1831-32 ; on leave of absence, June to Dec, 1832 ; in command of com- 
pany at BeUona Arsenal, Va., 1832-33,— Ft. Mom-oe, Va., 1834-36,— and 
Champlain Arsenal, Vt., 1836-38 ; and on sick leave of absence, 1838-42. 
Died, May 16, 1842, at Lancastee, Mas. 



336. . . .(Born France) CLAUDE CROZET (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — He was educated at the celebrated Polytechnique School 
of Paris, and served as an Artillery of6.cer, under Napoleon. After emigrating 
to this country he was appointed in the service of the United States as 
AssT. Peofessoe of Engineeeing, Oct. 1, 1816. 
Served : at the Military Academy, 1816-23, as Asst. Professor of Engineer- 
ing, Oct. 1, 1816, to Mar. 6, 1817,— and as Professor of Engineering, Mar. 6, 

(Peofessoe of Engineeeing, Mae. 6, 1817) 
1817, to Apr. 28, 1823. In giving instruction to his pupils he made much 
use of the black board, taught Descriptive Geometry as a necessary preliminary 
to the proper study of Engineering, and greatly improved and develoj)ed the 
course of military science entnisted to his charge. 
Resigned, Ape. 28, 1823. 

Civil History. — After his resignation he became a successful Civil Engineer 
in Virginia ; and was a member of the Board ' ' to Revise the Programme of 
Instruction at the Military Academy, " Jan. 12 to Apr. 24, 1860. 
Died, 1863, at Va. 



337... (Born N. J.).... DAVID B. DOUGLASS (Ap'dN. Y.) 

Military History. — Aiipointed in the Ai-my with the rank of 
Second Lieut., Coeps of Engineees, Oct. 1, 1813. 
Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Northern frontier, 
in command of the Company of l^ombadiers. Sappers and Miners, being en- 
gaged iu the Battle of Niagara, U. C, July 25, 1814, — and Defense of Fort 
Erie, U. C, Aug. 13-Sept. 17, 1814, participating in the repulse of the Assault 

(FiEST Lieut., Corps of Engineees, Sep. 17, 1814, to Aug. 25, 1820) 

upon the work, Aug. 15, and the Sortie from it, Sept. 17, 1814, ujjon the ene- 

(BvT. Ci\PT.u;N, Sep. 17, 1814, for Distinguished and Meeitoeious 

Services in the Defen.se of Ft. Eele, U. 0.) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 77 



PROFEHSORS ANO IIVSTRUCTOR8. 

my's siege works ; and at the Military Academy, 1815-31,* as Principal Asst. 

Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Jan. 1, 1815, to Aug. 29, 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 31, 1819, to Aug. 29, 1820) 

(Professor of Mathematics, Aug. 29, 1820) 

1820,— Professor of Mathematics, Aug. 29, 1820, to May 1, 1823,— and Profes- 

(Professor of Engineering, May 1, 1823) 
sor of Engineering, May 1, 1823, to Mar. 1, 1831. 
Resigned, Mar. 1, 1831. 

Civil History.— Chief Engineer of the Moms Canal Company, N. J., 1831-32. 
Professor, in the University of the City of New York, of Natural Philos- 
ophy and Civil Engiueeiing, 1832-33, — of Civil Engineering, 1833-39, — and 
of Ci\al Engineei-ing and Architecture, 1839-40. Chief Engineer, 1833-35. 
of the Croton Water Works, of which he made the original surveys, plans, and 
estimates, and demonstrated the practicabilitj^ of procuring an adequate sup- 
ply of water for the city of New York from the Croton River. Chief Engineer, 
1839-40, of Greenwood Cemetery, Long Island, N. Y., which he designed and 
laid out. President of Kenyon College, at Gambler, O. , 18-40-44. Chief En- 
gineer to lay out the Albany Cemeteiy, N. Y., 1847, — to develop the landscape 
features of Staten Island, 1847, — and to lay out the Protestant Cemeteiy, at 
Quebec, Can., 1848. Professor of Natural Philosophy in Geneva College, N.Y., 
1848-49, — Author of various Professional Papers, and of Lectures on the 
Niagara Campaign of 1814. Degree of LL. D. conferred by 

Died, Oct. 19, 1849, at Geneva, N. Y. : Aged, 60. 



432 . . .(Bom Ct.) TARED MANSFIELD (Ap'd Ct.) 

Civil History. — After his graduation at Yale College, Ct., he became a 
Teacher of Mathematics, Navigation, and the Classics, at New Haven, Ct. , 
and at Philadelphia, Pa. ; and was an Author of various essaj's on scientific 
subjects. 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Captain, Corps of Engineers, IMay 3, 1802. 
Served : at the Jlilitary Academy, as Acting Professor of Mathematics, May 3, 
1802, to Nov. 14, 1803 ; as Surveyor-General of the Northwestern Ten-itory, 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, June 11, 1805) 
Nov. 1, 1803, to Oct. 7, 1812 ; and at the aiihtary Academy, as Professor of 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Feb. 25, 1808) 
Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Oct. 7, 1812, to Aug. 31, 1828. 
Resigned, Aug. 31, 1828. 

Civil History. — After his resignation, being advanced in years, he returned 
to his home in New Haven, Ct. , where he resided till he 

Died, Feb. 3, 1830, at New Haven, Ct. : Aged 71. 



* While on leave of absence from the Military Academy, durmg the summer vacation of 
1819, he was the Astronomical Surveyor of the Commission for determining the U. S. Boun- 
dary Iriim Niagara to Detroit, and the following summer he accompanied Gov. Cass, in a simi- 
lar capacity to the North-west. His prolessional reputation caused him to. bo employed, during 
the summ'^r vacations of 1826-30, as Consulting Engineer of the State of Pennsylvania, being 
himself charged with the survey of several of the more difficult parts of the State system of 
public works. 



78 OFFICERS OF THE 



PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS. 

488 . (Bom ) .WILLIAM AMHERST BARRON (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History. — Ai^pointed iu the Army with the rank of 

Flrst Lleut., 14th Infantky, June 8, 1799 : Decli^ted. 

Captain, 2d Artellekists and Engineers, May 14, 1800. 

Served : at Atlantic Posts from 1800 to 1802, when the Array was re-organ- 

(C.aptain, Corps of Engineers, Apr. 13, 1802) 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, June 11, 1805) 

ized ; and at the Military Academy, as Acting Professor of Mathematics, 

Apr. 1, 1802, to Feb. 14, 1807. 

Kesigned, Feb. 23, 1808. 
Pi,e-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Capt. St.aff — AssT. Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Apr. 2, 1813. 
Served 1813-15, dui-ing the War with Great Britain, chiefly at New York. 

DisB-ANDED, June 15, 1815. 
Re-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quaktermaster-Gen., Apr. 18, 1818. 
Served on Quartermaster duty, 1818 to 1821. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 

Civil History.— Unknown 

Died, 18—. 



490 . . (Bom Switz'd) . . FERDINAND R. HASSLER (Ap'd Pa. ) 

Civil History. — Having received an excellent education, and being a man 
of high scieutiHc attainments, he was employed by the govemment of his 
native land on the Trigonometrical Survey of 'Switzerland. Subsequently he 
emigrated to the United States. 

Military History. — Appointed in the MiMtary Service as 

Acting Professor of Mathematics, Feb. 14, 1807. 
Served at the Military Academy, as Acting Professor of Mathematics, 
Feb. 14, 1807, to Dec. 31, 1809. 

Resigned, Feb. 14, 1810. 

Civil History. — He was selected by President Jefiferson to direct the United 
States Coast Survey, but owing to our threatening relations with Great Britain, 
nothing was done till July 27, 1811, when Prof. Hassler went to Europe to 
procure the necessary instruments and standards of measure for commencing 
the work, but he was detained in England as an alien enemy tiU 1815. Upon 
his return he was formallj' apijointed Superintendent of the Coast Survey, but 
did not commence his first labors in the field till 1817. The next year the 
Survey was effectively discontinued, and not resumed till 1832, from which 
time Prof. Hassler directed this great work till he 

Died, Nov. 20, 1843, at Philadelphia, Pa. : Aged 74. 



492... (Bom Pa.) ANDREW ELLICOTT (Ap'd Pa.) 

Civil History.— Being scientifically educated, he was employed in sur- 
veying and planning the City of Washington, and, from 1790 to 1801, as Com- 
missiouer ou behalf of the United States for determining the Boimdury between 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 79 



PROFESi^OKS AIVI> INSTRUCTORS. 



the United States and the Spanish possessions in North America, his Journal 
of which was pubhshed in 1803. He was also a frequent contributor of mathe- 
matical and other scientific papers to the American Philosophical Society of 
Philadeli^hia, Pa. 

Military History.— Appointed in the Military service as 

PUOFESSOR OF MATHEMATICS, SeP. 1, 1813. 

Served at the Mihtary Academy as Professor of Mathematics, Sep. 1, 1813, 
to Aug. 29, 1820. 

Died, Aug. 29, 1820, at West Point, N. Y. : Aged 67. 



516. . . .(Born N. H.) STEPHEN H. LONG (Ap'd N. H.) 

Militciry History.— Appointed in the Army with the rank of 
Second Lieut., Cokps of Engineers, Dec. 12, 1814. 
Served : at the MiUtary Academy, as Assistant Professor of Mathematics, 
Mar., 1815, to Mar. 1816 ; as Top. Engineer in charge of Reconnoissances 

(BvT. Maj. Staff— TopoGEAPHicAii Engineer, Apr. 29, 1816) 
of "Western Rivers, 1816-18,— of Explorations between the Mississippi River 
and the Rocky Mountains, 1818-23, and of the Sources of the Mississippi, 
1823-24,— of Improvement of Western Rivers, 1824-26,— of Reconnoisance of 
National Roads from Buffalo, N. Y., to Washington, D. C, and from Zanes- 
ville, O., to New Orleans, La., 1826-27,— of Sui-vey of Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
(BvT. LiEUT-CoL., Apr. 29, 1826, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
road, 1827-30, and of Alleghany Portage Railroad, Pa., 1830-31,— of Recon- 
noissance of route for National Road from Portsmouth, O. , to Linville, N. C. , 
1831-32,— of Survey of Holston, French Broad, and Tennessee Rivers, 
1832-34, — of Reconnoissance of Routes for Railroads from Charleston, S. C, 
to Memphis, Ten., from Knoxville to Memphis, Ten., from Fredericksburg to 
Abington, Va., from the Coast of Maine to Quebec, L. C, and from Concord, 
N. H., to White River, Vt., 1834-35,— of Survey of Harbors in Maine, and of 
Railroad route from the Coast of Maine to Quebec, L. C, 1835-37,— of Con- 
struction of Western and Atlantic Railroad, Ga., 1837, — and of Examination 
of Rivers and Harbors in Maine, 1837-41, and of Red River Raft, 1841 ; as 

(Major, Corps of Topographical Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
Member of Board for selecting site for Western Armory, 1841-43 ; as Super- 
intending Top. Engineer of improvement of Western Rivers, 1843-45, — of 
construction of U. S. Marine Hospital at Louisville, Ky., 1845-46, — and of 
building Steamers for Mexican War service, 1846 -47 ; as I\Iember of Court 
Martial for the trial of Lieut. -Colonel Fremont, 1847-48 ; in charge of the con- 
sti-uction of Marine Hosi^itals at Paducah, Ky. , Napoleon, Ark. , and Natches, 
Mis., 1848-50 ; as Member of Board of Top. Engineers for examination of the 
Lower Mississippi, 1850-52, — for Canal around the Falls of the Ohio, 1852, — 
and for the improvement of Lake Harbors and W^^tern Rivers, 1852-55 ; in 
charge of Western River Improvements, 1855-61, — and of the improvement 
of the Mouths of the Mississipju, and of Red River, 1856-61 ; as Chief of 
Top. Engineers, Sep. 9, 1861, and in charge of Bureau of Top. Engineers, 
(Colonel, Top. Engineers, Sep. 9, 1861 : Corps of Engineers, 
Mar. 3, 1863) 
Nov. 23, 1861, to Mar. 3, 1863 ; and in superintending improvement of Har- 
(Retlred from Active Service, June 1, 1863, having been borne 
OVER 45 years on the Army Register) 
bors on Lake Ontario, and repairs of Fts. Ontario, Porter, and Niagara, N. Y.. 
1863-64. 

Died, Sep. 4, 1864, at Alton, III. 



80 OFFICERS OP THE 



PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS. 

624. . . . (Bom S. Amer. ). .PATRICE de JANON (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military Service as 

SwoED Master, Jan. 6, 1846. 

Sei'ved at the Military Academy as Sword Master, Jan. 6, 1846, to July 1, 

(Pkofessok of Spanish, July 1, 1857) 

1857, — and as Professor of the Spanish Language, July 1, 1857, to Sep. 16, 1863. 

DiscHAKGED, Sep. 16, 1863. 

Reinstated in the Mihtary Service as 

Pkofessoe of Spanish, Feb. 28, 1865. 
Served at the Military Academy as Professor of the Spanish Language, since 
March 4, 1865. 



637. . (Born France) . FRANCIS DESERTS MASSON (Ap'd N. J.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military Service as 
FiEST Teachee of Feench, July 12, 1803. 
Served at the Military Academy as First Teacher of French, and also as 
Teacher of Drawing, July 12, 1803, to Apr. 1, 1808. 
Eesigned, Mae. 31, 1812. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 



638 . . (Bom France) . . . CHRISTIAN E. ZOELLER (Ap'd N. J. ) 

Military History. ^Appointed in the Military Service as 

Teacher of Drawing, Sep. 1, 1808. 
Served at the Mihtaiy Academy as Teacher of Drawing, Sep. 1, 1808, to 
April 30, 1810. 

Resigned, Ape. 30, 1810. 
Ee-appointed in the Mihtary Service as 

Teachee of Deawing, July 1, 1812. 
Served at the Military Academy as Teacher of Drawing, July 1, 1812, to 
Jan. 5, 1819. 

Resigned, Jan. 5, 1819. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 



640 .... (Born France) . . . THOMAS GIMBREDE (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Civil History. — After emigrating from France to the United States, he 
became a Miniature Painter and Engraver. 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military Service as 

Teachee of Drawing, Jan. 5, 1819. 
Served at the Mditary Academy as Teacher of Drawing, Jan. 5, 1819, to 
Dec. 25, 1832. 

Died, Dec. 25, 1832, at West Point, N. Y. : Aged 51. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 81 



PROFESSORS AlVD IIVSTRUCTORS. 



641. . . .(Born Eng.). . . .CHARLES R LESLIE (Ap'd Eng.) 

Civil History. — Bom in London, Oct. 19, 1794, while his American 
parents were on a visit to England. After the usual term of school education 
in Philadelphia, he was apprenticed to a bookseller, but having a strong pre- 
dilection for painting, he went to England in 1813 to study under the auspices 
of West and Allston, and soon became a pupil worthy of such masters. 

Military History.— Appointed in the Military Service as 

Teacher op Deawing, Mae. 2, 1833. 
Served at the MUitary Academy as Teacher of Drawing, Mar. 2, 1833, to 
Apr. 15, 1834. 

Kesigned, Ape. 15, 1834. 

Civil History. — After his resignation he went back to England, where 
he ranked among the most distinguished artists, particularly in the delinea- 
tion of humorous subjects. 

Died, Mat 5, 1859, at London, Eng. : Aged 65. 



642....(BomN. T.) ROBERT W. "WEIR (Ap'dN. Y.) 

Civil History. — He passed his school-boy days amid less of the lights than 
the shadows of youth. At 16, he became head clerk of a mercantile estab- 
lishment, but with little taste for day-books and ledgers other than to Tise their 
leaves for sketching. In 1821, he set himself seriously at work as a painter, 
and quickly acquii-ed an excellent reputation as a copyist. Through the kind 
aid of friends he was enabled, in 1824, to visit Italy for three years, to study 
Michael Angelo, Raphael, Titian, and the other great masters of the land of 
art. Upon his return he assiduously devoted himself to painting in New York, 
till May 8, 1834, when he was appointed to succeed Charles R. LesUe, at the 
head of the Drawing Department at the Military Academy. By indefatigable 
industry, and Mdth an ardent passion for his art, he has, besides performing 
the duties of his professorship, produced a large number of gems of painting, 
among which is his gi-eat master-piece, " The Embarkation of the PUgiims," 
in the Capitol at Wasliington. From Dec. 13, 1830, to May 8, 1834, he was 
Professor of Perspective in the National Academy of Design at New York 
City. 

Military History.— Appointed in the Military Service as 

Teachee of Deawing, May 8, 1834. 
Served at the Military Academy as Teacher of Drawing, May 8, 1834, to 
(Peofessoe of Deawing, Aug. 8, 1846) 
Aug. 8, 1846, — and as Professor of Drawing since Aug. 8, 1846. 



671.. (Bom France).... PLORIMOND MASSON (Ap'dN. J.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military service as 
FiEST Teachee of Feench, Ape. 1, 1808. 
Served at the Mihtary Academy as First Teacherof French, Apr. 1, 1808, 
to Jan. 3, 1815. 

Resigned, Jan. 3, 1815. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 



82 OFFICERS OF THE 



PB0FKS80RS AiirO IN8TB1JCTORS. 



672 (Bom France). . .CLAUDIUS BERARD (Ap'd Pa.) 

Civil History. — He was bom at Bordeaux, France, Mar. 21, 1786, where 
he received an excellent classical education. He emigrated to the United 
States in 1807, and after his airival in this country resided for a short time on 
Long Island, and fi"om thence removed to Lancaster, Pa. In 1812, he was ap- 
pointed Professor of Greek and Latin, at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., 
where he remained till 1815. 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military service as 
Ftrst Teacher of Feench, Jan. 3, 1815. 
Served as the Principal Teacher of the French Language, at the IVIilitary 
Academy, from Jan. 3, 1815, tUl promoted, under the law of Aug. 8, 1846, to be 

Pkofessoe of Fkench, Aug. 8, 1846. 
With great fidelity he discharged the duties of his professorship, and also 
those of Librarian of the Military Academy (to which he had been appointed, 
Apr. 8, 1816), tiU he 

Died, Mat 6, 1848, at West Point, N. Y. : Aged 62. 



673. . . .(Bom France) . JOSEPH DU COMMUN (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military Service as 
Second Teacher of French, Mae. 1, 1818. 
Served at the Military Academy as Second Teacher of French, Mar. 1, 1818, 
to Aug. 31, 1831. 

Resigned, Aug. 31, 1831. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 



674. . . . (Bom France). . .JULIAN MOLINARD (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the IMilitary service as 

Second Teachee of Feench, Sep. 1, 1831. 
Served at the Military Academy as Second Teacher of French, Sep. 1, 1831, 
to Sep. 12, 1839. 

Resigned, Sep. 12, 1839. 

Civil History. — After his resignation he became a Private Teacher of 
French. 

Military History. — Military Storekeeper at Rome Arsenal, N. Y., Feb. 3, 
1862, to Jan. 13, 1863. 

Died, Jan. 13, 1863, at Rome, N. Y. 



675. . . .(Bom N. Y). . .HYACINTH R. AGNEL (Ap'dN. Y.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military sersace as 
Second Te.ycher of French, Feb. 4, 1840. 
Served at the Military Academy as Second Teacher of French, Feb. 4, 1840, 
(Professor of French, May 16, 1848) 
to May 16, 1848, — as Professor of French, since May 16, 1848, — and as Acting 
Professor of Spanish, Sep. 16, 1863, to July 27, 1864. 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 83 



PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS. 



683 . (Bom Fiance) . THEOPHILB d'OREMIEULX (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Civil History. — Bom in Paris, France, May 11, 1815. After being graduated 
at the French University, he served for three years as a volunteer in the reguhir 
cavalry service in France, and emigrated to the United States in 1839. 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Second Lieut., 1st Infantky, July 1, 1840. 
Served : at the Military Academy as Assistant Teacher of French, Aug. 28, 
1839, to Aug. 8, 18-16 (in a civil capacity, Aug. 28, 1839, to July 1, 1840),— As- 

(FiEST Lieut., 1st Infantry, Oct. 31, 1846) 
sistant Professor of French, Aug. 8, 1816, to July 1, 1852,— and as Principal 
Assistant Professor of French, July 1, 1852, to Sep. 6, 1856 ; and on leave of 

(Captain, 1st Infantry, Oct. 31, 1856) 
absence, Sep. 6 to Dec. 8, 1856. 

Resigned, Dec. 8, 1856. 

Civil History. — Teacher of French at New York City, since Dec. 8, 1856 ; 
and Professor of French at the University of the City of New York, since Oct. 
15, 1857. 



708 (BornN. C.) ADAM EMPIB (Ap'd N. C.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military Service as 

Chaplain of the Militaky Academy, and Acting Professor of 
Geography, History, and Ethics, Aug. 9, 1813. 
Served at the Military Academy as Chaplain, and Acting Professor of Geo- 
graphy. History, and Ethics, Aug. 9, 1813, to Apr. 30, 1817,— and Treasurer, 
Mar. 14, 1815, to Oct. 31, 1816. 

Resigned, Apb. 30, 1817. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 



709. .. . (Bom Wales) THOMAS PICTON (Ap'd N. J.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military Service as 
Chaplain of the Mtlitary Academy, and Professor of Geogbapht, 
History, and Ethics, July 23, 1818. 
Served at the Military Academy as Chaplain, and Professor of Geography, 
History, and Ethics, July 23, 1818, to Jan. 1, 1825. 
Resigned, Jan. 1, 1825. 
Died, Feb. 6, 1861, at Hoboken, N. J.: Aged 85. 



710. . . .(Born N. J. ).. CHARLES P. McILVAINE (Ap'd D. C.) 

Civil History.- Bom at Burlington, N. J., Jan. 18, 1798,— was graduated 
at Princeton College, N. J., in 1816,— and admitted to Holy Orders in the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, July 4, 1820. 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military Service as 
Chaplain of the Militaey Academy, and Professor of Geogbapht, 
History, and Ethics, Jan. 28, 1825. 



84 OFFICERS OF THE 



PROFESSORS AIVD IIVSTRUCTORS. 



Sen-ed at the Military Academy as Chaplain, and Professor of Geography, 
Histoiy, and Ethics, Jan. 28, 1825, to Dec. _31, 1827. 
Resigned. Dec. 31, 1827. 

Civil History. — After his resignation he became the Eector of St. Ann's 
Church, Brooklj-n, N. Y., till Oct. 31, 1832, when he was consecrated Bishop 
of Ohio. He still presides as the loved and distinguished head of that Dio- 
cese. Professor of the Evidences of Revealed Religion, in the University of 
the City of New York, 1832-33. President of Kenyon College, at Gambler, 0., 
1832^0. Author of "Lectures on the Evidences of Christianity," 1831, — 
of "Oxford Divinity compared -ndth that of the Romish and Anglican Church," 

1841^ and of numerous contributions to Theological hteratm-e, 1820-67. 

Degree of D. C. L., conferred by Oxford University, 1853, and of LL. D., by 
Cambridge, Eng., 1858. Residence, Cincinnati, 0. 



711. . . .(Born N. Y.) THOMAS WARNER (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Civil History.— Born in Canaan, Columbia County, N. Y. He was edu- 
cated at Union CoUege, N. Y. ; studied law for a year or two, and then divinity, 
which became his profession for life. 

Military History.— Appointed in the MUitary Service as 
Chapl.\ix of the Militaky Academy, and Professor of Geography, 
History, and Ethics, Jan. 1. 1828. 
Served at the Military Academy as Chaplain, and Professor of Geography, 
Historj', and Ethics, Jan. 1, 1828, to Sep. 1, 1838. 
Resigned, Sep. 1, 1838. 

Civil History. — After his resignation, he resided ia Paris, France, being for 
some time a private Chaplain ia the family of Mr. Thorn, of New York. 
Died, 1848, in Paris, France. 



712. . . .(Bom Mas.) JASPER ADAMS (Ap'd S. C.) 

Civil History. — Afton- being graduated in 1815, at Brown Univei-sity, R. I., 
hi' became Professor of ^lathcmalics in that Institution. President of Charles- 
ton College, S. C, 1824 and 1827 3G,— and of Geneva College, N. Y., 1825-27. 
Author of a work on " Moral Science." 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military Service as 
Chapi-ain of the Military Academy, and Professor of Geography, 
History, and Ethics, Sep. 1, 1838. 
Served at the Military Academy as Chaplain, and Professor of Geography, 
History, and Ethios, Sep. 1, 1838, to Nov. 15, 1840. 
Resigned, Nov. 15, 1840. 

Civil History.— Unknown. 

Died, Oct. 25, 1841, at Charleston, S. C. : Aged, 48. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 85 



PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS. 



714. . . .(Born ) WILLIAM T. SPROLE (Ip'd D. C.) 

Military History. — Appointed in the Military Service as 
Chaplain of the Militaky Academy, and Professor of Geography, 
History, and Ethics, Mar. 2, 1847. 
Served at the MlHtary Academy as Chaplain, and Professor of Geography, 
History, and Ethics, Mar. 2, 18-17^ to Aug. 16, 1856. 
Superseded, Aug. 16, 1856. 

Civil History. — Clergyman of the Protestant Presbyterian Church, at New- 
burg, N. Y., since 1856. Degree of D. D. conferred by the University of the 
City of New York, 1855. 



715. . . .(Born Ct.) JOHN W. FRENCH (Ap'dD. C.) 

Civil History. — He was educated at Washington College, Hartford, Ct., 
and at the Theological Seminary in New York ; was admitted to Holy Orders 
in 1835 ; became a Professor in Bristol College, Pa., in 1836 ; and was Rector 
of a Chui-ch in Portland, Me. , and then of the Church of the Epiphany, Wash- 
ington, D. C, till 1856. 

Military History. —Appointed in the Military Service as 
Chaplain of the Military Academy, and Professor of Geography, 
History, and Ethics, Aug. 16, 1856. 
Served at the MUitary Academy as Chaplain, and Professor of Geography, 
History, and Ethics, since Aug. 16, 1856. 



747. . . .(Born Ct.) JAMES G. PERCIVAL (Ap'd Ct.) 

Civil History. — After he was graduated at Yale College in 1815, he com- 
menced the study of medicine and botany. 
Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Assistant Surgeon, Mar. 4, 1824. 
Served at the Mihtary Academy, as Acting Professor of Chemistry and 
Mineralogy, Mar. 4 to July 6, 1824 ; and on leave of absence, July 6 to Aug. 
1, 1824. 

Resigned, Aug. 1, 1824. 

Civil History. — After resigning from the Army, he devoted himself to 
literature, becoming quite a distinguished poet. He also pursued the study 
of natural history, and was engaged on several important geological and min- 
eralogical explorations. While making a survey of the lead-mining region in 
Wisconsin, he 

Died, May 2, 1857, at Hazel Grove, Wis. : Aged 63. 



748... (Bom N. Y.) JOHN TORREY (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Civil History.— He was educated for a physician at the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons, New York City, where he was graduated in 1818 ; but he 
devoted himself mainly to Botany and Chemistry, in both of which he became 
eminent. 

Military History. — Appointed in the Army with the rank of 
Assistant Surgeon, Aug. 5, 1824. 



86 OFFICERS OF THE 



PROFESSORS AIVD IiVSTRIJCTORS. 



Served : at the Military Academy as Acting Professor of Chemistry, Miner- 
alogy, and Geology, Aug. 25, 1824, to June 15, 1827 ; and on leave of absence, 
Jun4 15, 1827, to Aug. 31, 1828. 

Resigjted, Aug. 31, 1828. 

Civil History. ^Professor of Chemistry and Botany in the College of Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons in New York City, 1827-55. and Professor Emeritus 
since 1855, — of Chemistry at Princeton College, N. J., 1828-54, — and of Chem- 
istry, Mineralogy and Botany in the University of the City of New York, 1832-33. 
Gt'olotjical Surveyor of the State of New York, 1837-44. Professor Emeritus 
and Trustee of Columbia College, New York City, since 1856. Foreign Mem- 
ber of the Physiological Society of Lund, Sweden, 1823, — of the Wernerian 
Society of Edinburg, Scotland, 1823,— and of the Linnean Society of London, 
England, 1839. President of the Lyceum of Natural History, New Y''ork 
City, 1825-30 ; Member of vai-ious scientific associations in the United States. 
1825-67 ; and Cor]3orator of the National Academy of Sciences, since Mar. 3, 
1863. Author of the "Flora of the Northern and Middle States," 1824,— of 
Reports of various Western Explorations, 1826-30, — of "North American 
Cj'peracise," 1836, — of "Flora of North America" (jointly wth Dr. Gray , 
1838-43,— of the "Flora of the State of New York," 1849,— and of numerous 
papers in the "Smithsonian Contributions," "American Lyceum," "Silliman's 
Journal," and other periodicals, 1823-67. Degree of A. M. confeiTed by Yale 
CoUege, Ct., 1825,— and of LL. D. by Amherst College, Mas., 1845. U. S. 
Assayer in tlie New York Assay Office, since 1853. 



KEGISTER 

OF THE 
OF THE 

UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY. 

FROM ITS 

ESTABLISHMENT MARCH 16, 1802, 

TO THE 

ARMY RE-ORGAIIZATION OF 1866-67. 



SERVICES AND PROMOTIONS 



GRADUATES 



UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY. 



flS" Up to No. 180 the Graduates are arranged in the order of dates of First Commissioaa, 
no Class Rauk having been established prior to 1818. 

NuMBEB. 1802. Class Rank. 

GEADUATES OF 1802. 



1. . . . (Bom Mas.) JOSEPH G. SWTFT (Ap'd Mas.) 

Militciry History.— Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from ]\Iay 12, 
1800, to Oct. 12, 1802, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Cokps of Engineers, Oct. 12, 1802. 

Served: as Superintending Engineer of the constiiiction of Ft. Johnston, N.C., 
1804-6; at the Military Academy, 1807; as Superintending Engineer in the 

(First Lieut., Coeps of Engineees, June 11, 1805) 
(Capt.un, Coeps op Engineees, Oct. 30, 1806) 

erection of Governor's Island Batteries, Boston Harbor, Mas., and in general 
supervision of the defenses of the Northeastern Coast, 1808-10 ; as Superin- 

(Majok, Coeps of Engineees, Feb. 23, 1808) 

tending Engineer of the fortifications of the Carohna and Georgia harbors, 
] 810 12 ; in the War of 1812-15 w-ith Great Britain, as Aide-de-Camp to Major- 

(Lieut. -Colonel Coeps of Engineees, July 6, 1812) 
(Colonel and Chief Engineer of the U. S. Army, July 31, 1812) 

General Pinckney, 1812, — as Chief Engineer of the Army under command o. 
Major-General Wilkinson, in the Campaign of 1813 on the St. Lawrence River, 
being engaged in the Battle of Chrystlers Field, U. C, Nov. 11, 1813, — and of 
the forces for the defense of the City and Harbor of New York (including Brook- 

(Bvt. Brig. -General, Feb 19, 1814, for Meritoeious Seevices) 



90 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEE. 1802. Class Rank. 

IjTi and Hiirlem Heigbts\ 1813-14 ; as Superintending Engineer of the con- 
struction of the fortifications of New York Harbor, 1814-17 ; in command of 
the Coqjs of Engineers, July 31, 1812, to Nov. 12, 1818, having charge of the 
Engineer Bureau at Washington. D. C, April 3 to Nov. 12, 1818, and (ex- 
officio) Superintendent of the Militaiy Academy, July 31, 1812, to July 28, 
1817, and its Inspector, AprU 7 to Nov. 12, 1818 ; and as member of the Board 
of Engineers for the Atlantic Coast of the United States, April 21, 1817, to 
Nov. 12, 1818. 

Eesigned, Nov. 12, 1818. 

Civil History. -Surs'eyor of U. S. Revenue for the port of New York, 1818- 
27. Member of the Board of Visitors to the Jlilitaiy Academy, 1822 and 182-i. 
Chief Engineer of New Orleans and Lake Pontchartrain Raih-oad (the first laid 
with T rail in the United States), 1830-31. Civil Engineer in the service of 
the United States, superintending Harbor Impro\emeuts on the Lakes, 1829- 
45. Aided in supjjressing Canada Border distiirbances, 1839, and was 
appointed by the President in 1841, on a mission to the British Pro\'inces, 
■ttdth reference to a Treaty ^^•ith Great Britain. Member of several scientific 
and historical societies, and of "La Societe Franqaise de Statique Uuiverselle 
de Paris," 1839. Degree of LL. D., conferred by Kenyon College, Gambler, 
Ohio, 1843. 

Died, July 23, 1865, at Geneva, N. Y. : Aged 82.* 

* The Superintendeni of the Military Academy, General Cullum, directed honors to be paid to 
Gen. Swift's memory, in the following order : 

"Headquarters, U. S. Milptaky Academy, 1 
" West Poi.\t, N. Y., July 30, 1865. j 

" The First GrafUiato of the U. S. Military Academy, General Joseph G. Swift, departed this 
life at his residence in Geneva, N. Y., on the 23d instant, at the advanced ago of nearly 82. 

" General Swi?t was born December 31, 1783, in Nantucket, Mas.; was graduated at the Mili- 
tary Academy .soon after its organization ; and was promoted Oct. 12, 1802, to bo Second Lieutenant 
in the Corps of Engineers, in which branch of service he continued through all the successive 
grades, till he became Colonel and Chief Engineer of the Army, July 31, 1812— during that periol 
being chii'fly engaged in the construction of fortifications on the Atlantic Coast. In the War of 
1812-\5, with Great Britain, after serving as Aide-de-Camp to Major General Pinckney, he became, 
in 1813, the Chief Engineer in Wilkinson's campaign on the St. Lawrence, participating in the 
Battle of Chrystler's Field, and was subsequently, in 1813-14, Chief Engineer of the forces for 
the del'ense of New York, receiving for his 'Meritorious Services,' the brevet of Brigadier- 
General, Feb 19. 1814. After tlie war he as.sumod the direct Siiporintendency of the Military 
Academy, and was its Inspector for a brief period preceding his resignation, Nov. 12, 1818. 
Upon leaving the Army, he, for nine years, was S^nveyor of U. S. Revenue for the Port of New 
York, and then became a distinguished Civil Engineer, employed by the Government, for a long 
period, in directing harbor improvements on the Nurthern Lakes, aud aiding in suppressing 
Canada Border disturbances, being, in 1841, honored by tlie Presiient with a mission to tha 
British Provinces with rel'orence to a Treaty of Peace with Great Britain. 

" Born at the closi; of the American Revolution, and dying at the termination of the American 
Rebellion, General Swift live! through the most momentous period of history, and was himself a 
prominent actor in the grand drama of our national existence. His military career began with 
that of the Military Academy, which he fostered in its feeble infancy, and he lived to see, in its 
developed maturity, the sons of his cherished Alma Matek directing the high destinies of his 
country on viitorious fl'^lds in Canada, Florida, Mexico, and within the wide domain of our 
Southern bonier. He now calmly sleeps, after a long and useful lile of more than fourscoro 
years leaving this world in the blissful consciousness that he and his brother graduates of this 
Institution, have ablv performed their allotted part in subduing the s ivage foe, in conquering 
foreign enemies, and" crushing treason in our midst, and that ho has left behind a regenerated 
fatherland of one people, with but one emblem of uatloualily, sacred to Liberty and the triumph 
of the best Govi^rnment on earth. 

" The p 'rsoual oxcellonce of General Swirr can bo only appreciated by those who knew and 
loved him, and they were all whom ho met on his loMg journey of life, for he had no enemies 
but his counlry'.s. Amiable and sincere, spotless in integrity, stanch in friendship, liberal in 
charity. General Swit-r was a model gentleman, a true pilriot, and Christian soldier, worthy o( 
the imitation of all who, like him, would live honored aud revered, and die universally 
regretted. 

"As an appropriate tribute of respect from the Military Academy to his memory, there will 
be fired, under the direction of the Commandant of Cadets, eleven- minute guns, commencing at 
meridian tomorrow, and the National flag will bo displayed at half-staff from the same hour 
until sunset." 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 91 

Number. 1802-3. Class Bank. 

2. . ..Born Mel.) SIMON M. LEVY (Ap'dMd.) 

Military History. — Cadet* of the U. S. Military Academy from March 2, 
1801, to Oct. 12, 1802, when he was graduated and promoted in the Arm} to 

Second Lleut., Cokps of Engineers, Oct. 12, 1802. 

Served as Assistant Engineer on the Southern Coast, 1802-5. 

Resigned, Sep. 30, 1805. 

Civil History.— Unknown. 

Died, 1807, in Georgia. 



GRADUATES OF 1803. 



3. . . .(Born Va.) WALKER K. ARMISTEAD (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from IMay 1, 
1801, to March 5, 1803, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. 5, 1803. 

First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, June 11, 1805. 

Capt.atn, Corps of Engineers, Oct. 30, 1806. 

Served : as Superintending Engineer of the defenses of Norfolk, Va., 1808-11 ; 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, July 23, 1810) 

at the Military Academy, 1811; in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as 
Chief Engineer of the Ai-my, on the Niagara Frontier, in the Autumn of 1812, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Corps of Engineers, July 31, 1812) 

being engaged at Fort Niagara diu'ing its bombardment, Nov. 21, 1812, — 
and of the forces for the defense of the inoi;th of Chesapeake Bay \ including 
Norfolk and Craney Island\ in 1813; as Superintending Engineer of the de- 
fenses of Chesapeake Bay and its tributaiy waters, 1814-18; in command 

(Colonel and Chtef Engineer of the U. S. Army, No^' 12, 1818) 

of the Corps of Engineers and in charge of the Engineer Bureau at Washing- 
ton, D. C, and Inspector of the MiUtary Academy, Nov. 12, 1818, to June 1, 1821; 

Colonel, 3d Artillery, in Reorganization or Army. June 1, 1821, 

at Headquarters of 3d Artillery, estabhshed at Ft. Washington, Md., 1821-27, 
— Upperville, Va., 1827,— Ft. Washington, Md., 1827-28,— Boston, Mas., 

(Bvt. Brig. -General, Nov. 12, 1828, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in One Grade) 

1828-30,— New London, Ct., 1831-32,— UpperviUe, Va., 1832 34,— and Ft. 
Monroe, Va., 1834-36; in the Florida War, serving against ths Feminole In- 
dians, 1836-37, 1838; on Court Martial duty, 1838-40; in command of Florida 
Ai'my, serving against the Seminole Indians, May 6, 1840, to May 31, 1841 ; on 
Board for selection of site for a Western Armory, Oct. 15, 1841, to Feb. 9, 
1843 ; in command of 3d Artillery at Ft. Moiiltrie, S. C, 1843 44 ; and on 
sick leave of absence, 1844-45. 

Died, Oct. 13, 1845, at Upperville, Va. 

* AMpoint^i) (,'adot for his gooJ conduct as Orderly Sergeant in the Battle of Maumee Bapi Is, 
Aug. 20, 1794. 



92 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1803-4. Class Kank. 



4 . . . . (Bom M:is. ) HENRY B. JACKSON (Ap'd Mas. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of tjie U. S. Militaiy Academy from Mar. 2, 
1801, to Apr. 14, 1803, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Secont) Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Apr. 14, 1803. 
Sei-ved in gan-ison at Atlantic Posts, 1803. 

Resigned Sep. 30, 1803. 

Civil History.— Unknown. Supposed to have 

Died 18—. 



5. . . .(Bom N. Y.) JOHN LIVINGSTON. (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 8, 
1802, to Apr. 25, 1803, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Anny to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Aettllerists, Apr. 25, 1803. 
Served as Assistant Mihtarj' Agent, at Norfolk, Va., Apr. 25, 1803, to Mar. 
31, 1806. 

Resigked, ilAR. 31, 1806. 

Civil History.— Served in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Volun- 
teer Aide-de-Camp to Gov. Tompkins, of the State of New York, 1812-14, 
History, after 1814, unknown, but he is supposed to have 

Died, 18—. 



GRADUATES OF 1804. 

6 (Born Mas.) SAMUEL GATES (Ap'd ^las.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Mar. 2, 
1801, to Mar. 27, 1804, when he was graduated and promoted in the. Army to 
Second Lieut. , Reg. of Artillerists, ALvr. 27, 1804. 

Served in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 180:1^5. 

Resigned Aug. 1, 1805. 

Civil History.— Merchant, 1805 to 1817. 

Died 1817, in England. 



7. . . .(Bom Vt.) HANNIBAL M. ALLEN* (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from June 15, 
1 S03, to June 27, 1804, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, June 27, 1804. 
Served: in gamson at Atlantic Posts, 1804-12; and in the War of 1812 15 
(First Lieut., Reg. of .\rtillerists, Jan. 31, 1806) 
(Captain, Reg. of Artillerists, Jan. 29, 1811) 
with Great Britain, in command of Fort Nelson, Va., 1812-13. 
Died, RLk.Y 11, 1813, at Norfolk, Va. 

♦ Was the bod of General Etiia.n Amen, t'lo bsro of TicoD'lcroga and Crown Point. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 93 



Number. 1805. Class Rank. 



GRADUATES OF 1805. 

8....(BoniN. Y.) GEORGE BOMFORD (Ap'd N Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militiuy Academy from Oct. 24, 

1804, to July 1, l>H)ii, wheu he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Coeps of Engineers, July 1, 1805. 

Served: as Assistant Engineer at the fortifications of the inner harbor of New 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 30, 1806) 

York, 1805-8, and on the defenses of Chesapeake Bay and its tributaiy waters, 

1808-10 ; as Superintending Engineer of the works ■ on Governor's Island, 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1808) 

New York Harbor, 1810-12; in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, onOrd- 

(Major Staff — Asst. Com. -Gen. of Ordnance, June 18, 1812) 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, July 6, 1812) 

(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Dec. 22, 1814, for ^Meritorious Services in the 

Ordnance Department) 

nance duty, * and introduced Bomb Cannon under the name of "Columbiads;" 

as Member of Ordnance Boards, and on various other ordnance duties, from 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Ordnance, Feb. 9, 1815) 
the teimination of the War in 1815, tOl the reorganization of the Army, when 
he was retained as 

Lieut. -Colonel, 1st Aetillery, Junt: 1, 1821, 
continuing, however, on Ordnance duty until the organization of the Ordnance 

(BvT. Col., Feb. 9, 1825, for Faithful Service Ten Ye.uis in one Grade) 
Coi-ps, when he was promoted 

COLON^EL ANT) ChTEF OF ORDN.iNCE OF THE U. S. AeJIY, MaY 30, 1832, 

and placed in command of the Ordnance Corps and Ordnance Bureau, at 
Washington, D. C, which he held until Feb. 1, 1842, when he became Inspec- 
tor of Arsenals, Ordnance, Arms and Munitions of War, conthiuing on this 
duty until Mar. 25, 1818, during which period he made ingenious and valuable 
experiments on the best form for pieces of hea\'y ordnance, which have since 
led to the adoption of the improved patterns of such cannon now used in the 
United States service. Member of the Board of Visitors to the Military 
Academy, 1845. 

Died, Mab. 25, 1848, at Boston, AIas. : Aged 68. 



9. . . .(Bom N. C.) WTLLLA.M McREE (Ap'd N. C.^ 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. ]\Iilitary Academy from Apr. 14, 

1803, to July 1, 18U5, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 

Secont) Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1805. 

Served : as Assistant Eagineer in survejang sites of fortifications on the 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 30, 1800) 

Southern Coast, 1806-8, and in the constniction of the defenses of Charleston 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1808 ) 

♦ To the skill and inventive talent of this invaluable officer, the country was largely indebted 
preceding and during the War of 181'J-15, ho being almost the only one well informed in the 
manufacture of ordnance and ordnance stores. At the New Yorlc depot (the Potter's Field near 
the present Union Square), he cstablishod workshops in which gun-carriages were constructed, 
small arms repaired, ammunition supplied, and all kinds of pyrotechny fabricated. 



94: GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. ISOo. Class Rank. 

Harbor, S. C, 1808 12 ; in the War of 1812-15 \^itli Great Britain, as Chief of 

(M.vjoR, Corps of Engineers, July 31, 1812) 
Artillery (commanded four companies and siege train) of Northern Ai'my, 
imder Major-General Hampton, in the Campaign of 18i;3, and as Chief Engineer 
of the Army on tlae Niagara Frontier, commanded by Major-General Bro\vn, in 
the Campaign of 181-4, participating in the Combat of Chateaugay River, L. C, 
Oct. 26. 1813,— Captm-e of Fort Erie, U. C, July 3, 1814,— Battle of Chippewa, 
U. C, July 5, ISli,— Battle of Niagara, U. C, July 25, 1814,— Defense of Fort 
(BvT. Lieut. -Colonel, July 25, 1814, for Gallant Conduct in the 

Battle of Niag^vra, U. C. ) 
(BvT. Colonel, Aug. 15, 1814, for Distinguished and Meritorious 
Services in the Defense of Fort Erie, U. C. ) 
Erie, Aug. 13-Sep. 17, 1814, including its bombardment, Aug. 13-15, repulse 
of the enemy's assault, Aug. 15, and sortie from it, by -which the siege was 
raised, Sej). 17, 1864 ;* on professional duty in Europe, examining fortifica- 
tions, military schools and establishments, and the operations of the .-Vllied 
armies, then occupying France on the fall of Napoleon, 1815-16 ; and member 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Nov. 12, 1818) 
of the Board of Engineers for projecting the system of Atlantic Coast Defenses, 
fi-om Nov. 16, 1816, to Mar. 31, 1819. 

Resigned, Mar. 31, 1819. 

Civil History.— Sui-veyor-General of the United States, for Hlinois, Mis- 
souri, and Ai'kansas Territories, from 1825 to 1832. 

Died, Sep. 10, 1832, at St, Louis, Mo. : Aged 47. 



10. . . .(Bom Ct) JOSEPH G. TOTTEN (Ap'd Ct. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Nov. 4, 
1802, to July 1, 1805, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1805. 
Served as Secretary to the Surveyor-General of the North-western Terri- 
tory, 1805-6. 

Resigned, M.ui. 31, 1806. 

Re-appointed in the Army in the rank of 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1808. 
Served : as Asst. Engineer in the construction of the defenses of New York 
Harbor, having special supervision of the erection of Fort Clinton, at Castle 
Garden, 1808-12, except when temporarily detached for duty at New Haven 

(FmsT Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 23, 1810) 

and New London, Ct., and Sag Harbor, N. Y., 1809-10 ; as Paymaster of the 

Corps of Engineers, May 27 to July 31, 1812 ; in the War of 1812-15 with 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, July 31, 1812) 

* Major-Gcneral nrown, in his official report, says :— '•I.leut.-Colonol McRke and Limit. -Colonel 
Wood, of the Corps of Kn'Riuocrs, having rendered to this army services the most importiint, 1 
must seize the opportunity of again mcntiouiiig them particularly. On every try ins,' occasinn I 
have reaped much heneflt from their soun I and exooUont advice. No two i.ni<;ers of their 
grade coiilil have contributed more to the safety and honor of this army. Wood, liravo, gener- 
ous and entfrprisinf,', died as ho had lived, without a feeling but for the honor of his country 
and the glory of her arms. Jlis name and o,\ami)le will live to guide the solilior in the path of 
duty so long as true heroism is held in cstinialioii. McRkk lives to enjoy the appiubntion of 
every virtuous and generous mind, and to receive tho reward due to his services and high mil- 
itary talents." 

Fort Melti!o, for thi d-!fensi of Ponsicola Harbor, Fla., was 80 called to hoaor his name and 
distinguished services in both war and peace. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 95 



Number. 1805. Class Rank. 

Great Britain, as Chief Engineer of the Army, in the Campaic^is of 1S12 and of 
18115, on the Niagara frontier, and in the Campaign of 1813-1-4, on the Lake 
Champlain line of operations, being engaged in the Attack of Qneenstown 
Heights, U. C, Oct. 13, 1812,~Capture of JFort George, U. C, May 27, 1813,- 
Eepulse of the British Flotilla, on Lake Ontario, near Forty-mile Creeli, U. C. , 

(BvT. Majok, June 6, 1813, for Meritorious Services) 

June 6, 1813,— Attack on La Cole Mill, L. C, Mar. 30, 1814,— Battle of Platts- 
burg, N. Y., Sep. 11, 1814,— in fortifying the Camps at Fort George, TJ. C, 

(BvT. LtEUT. -Colonel, Sep. 11, 1814, for Gallant Conduct at the 
Battle of Plattsbueg) 

1813, at French Mills, N. Y. (winter quarters of the left wing of the "Northern 
Ai-my"), 1813-14, at Chateaugay Four-Corners, N. Y. (winter quarters of the 
right mng of the "Northern Army"), 1813-14, and the right bank of the 
Saranac River, opposite Plattsburg, N. Y., 1814, — and, by order of Major- 
General Izard, blew up Fort Erie, U. C, when abandoned, Oct. 5, 1814; as 
Superintending Engineer of fortifications on Lake Champlain and St. Lawrence 
River, 1815-1(5 ; on Board of Engineers, for projecting the system of Coast 
Defenses, Nov. 1(], 1816, to Apr. 21, 1817 ; as Superintending Engineer of Fort 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, Nov. 12, 1818) 

at Rouse's Point, N. Y., 1817-19; on the Board of Engineers, May 12, 1819, 
to Dec. 7, 1838 ; on the Board of Visitors to the Militaiy Academy, 1822, 1826, 

(Bvt. Colonel, Sep. 11, 1824, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 

and 1828 ; as Superintending Engineer of the construction of Fort Adams. 
R. I., 1825-38 ; in general charge of Harbor and River Improvements, east 
of New York, 1825-36, and (except those east of Boston) 1836-38 ; on various 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Corps of Engineers, May 24, 1828) 

Ordnance and Artillery Boards, 1825-64 ; on special Boards of Engineers 
for Hud.son River Improvement, 1834, and for the extension of Pensacola Nav'y 

(Colonel and Chief Engineer of the U. S. Army, Dec. 7, 1838) 

Yard and establishing Dry Docks therein, 1838 ; in commaiid of the CorjDs of 
Engineers, and in charge of the Engineer Bureau at Washington City, Dec. 7, 
1838, to Dec. 21, 1857 ; as Inspector of the Military Academy, Dec. 7, 1838, to 
April 22, 18G4 ; as Chief Engineer of the Anny, commanded bv Major-General 
Scott, during the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mex., Mar. 9-29, 1847, War with Mexico, 
and as one of the Commissioners for arranging the terms for the capitulation 
of the place; as member of the Light House Board, Apr. 28, 1851, to Apr., 

(Bvt. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, Mar. 29, 1847, for G.allantand 
Meritorious Conduct at the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mex. ) 

1858, and from June 8, 1860, to Apr. 22, 1864 ; on a Reconnoissance of the 
Pacific Coast of the United States, to determine the requisites for its defense, 
and inspecting fortifications, 1859-61. 

Sei-ved during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-64 : in command 
of the CoiiJs of Engineers, and in charge of the Engineer Bureau at Washing- 
ton, D. C, June 2, 1861, to April 22, 1864; as President of Board for Retiring 

(Brig. -General, and Chief Engineer of the U. S. Army, M.arch 3, 1803) 

Disabled Officers, Aug. 17, to Sept. 16, 1861, —of Board to regulate and fix the 
Ordnance of permanent fortifications and field batteries, Nov. 26, 1861, to Mar. 1. 
1862, — and of a Commission to examine and report upon the plan an! 
sufficiency of the defensive works to protect Washington and Alexandria, Ol'I. 
29. to Dec. 24, 1862. 



96 GRADUATES OF THE 



NtJMBEE. 1805—6. Class Eank. 

(Btt. Major-Gen-erax, U. S. Abmt, Apr. 21, 186t, for Long, 

F.UTHFTJL AXD EMINENT SERVICES. ) 

Civil History. — Regent of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington City, 
from its establishment, Aug. 10, IS-ltl, to Apr. 22, 18G4. Coqiorator of the 
National Academy of Sciences, March 3, 18G3, to April 22, 1864. Harbor Com- 
missioner for the cities of New York and Boston, 18G0-G4. Member of several 
Scientific Associations. Degree of A. M. conferred by Brown Universitj', R. I., 
18—. Author of various Reports on National Defense, and on other scientific 
and professional subjects, 1816-64. 

Died, Ape. 22, 1864, at Washington, D. C. : Aged 75. * 



GRADUATES OF 1806. 



11. . . .(Born JLas.) 'WILLIAM GATES.f (Ap'd Mas.) 

MiUtary History.— Cadet of the U. S. MOitary Academy from Mar. 2, 1801, 
to ]Mar. 6, 1806, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Reg. of Aetilleeists, Mab. 6, 1806. 



* The Secretary of War anno;:nced his death to the army, April 23, 1864, In the following Gene- 
ral Order : 

"Another, and among the last of the heroes of our ' Second War of Independence,' is gone. 
Bvt. Maj. -General JosKPn (Jii.bbrt Totten', Chief of Engineers of the U. S. Army, departed this 
life on the 22d instant, in this city, \n his seventy-sixth year. 

" General ToTTEN' was born August 23, 17SS, in N'ew Haven, Ct. ,and was graduated at the 
Mihtary Academy in 180,5, from which ho was promoted to the Corps of Engineers, and, with a 
brief interval, from 1806 to 1S08, continued in that arm of service, passing honorably through 
every grade until he became, in 1838, Chief Engineer of the Army. The Senate, before his death, 
unanimously confirmed his nomination by the President, to bo 'Major-General by brevet, for 
long, faithful audominont services.' 

" General Tottex's milit:iry career of more than half a century, has been one of continued 
usefulness and distinguished services. In 1812, he was called to the field to assume the ardu- 
ous and responsible position of Chief Engineer of the Army on the Niagara frontier, where he 
took a conspicuous part in the attack on Qaeenstown Heights ; and the following year in the 
capture of Fort George, Upper Canaila, and repulse of the British Uotilla on Lake Ontario. In 
1813-14, he became Chief Engineer of the forces successively commanded by Generals Wilkin- 
son, Macomb, and Izard, participating in the attack on La Cole Mill, Lower Can.ada and the 
battle (if I'luttsburg. In this brief war. General Totten won the respect and admiration of his 
brother officers, and the marked approbation of the Government, which conferred upon him 
two brevets for his meritorious and distinguished S3rvices. On the return of peace, his high 
professional abilities were called into activity on the Board of Engineers, which projected our 
e.xtended line of Lake defenses and sea coast fortifications. These works, most of which were 
planned by himself, are the enduring monuments to his memory. In the war with Mexico, 
General Scott summoned his early companion-in-arms to aid him in the siege of Vera Cruz, where, 
for his 'gallant and meritorious conduct,' (iineral TorrEX was brevetiod a Brig. -General. For 
the past twenty -six year.=, he has been at the head of the Engineer Department, arlministoring 
with untiring devotion, spotless integrity, and signal ability, the varied duties, the financial 
responsibilities, and the professional labors of that arm of service so essential to our na- 
tional defense. 

• ' In addition to General Totten's multiplied military avocations, he was an active member r( 
th • Light House Board, from its organization in 1852 ; a Regent of the Smithsonian Institution, 
from its establishment by Congress in 1846 ; a Corporator of the National Academy of Sciences, 
created in 1863 ; one of tho Harbor Commissioners for the cities of New York and Boston ; and 
■I member of many scientific associations. 

'' Distinguished fiir urb.anily of manner, gonial social qualities, and that great moral excel- 
lence whieli adorns the Christian soldier and gentleman, he has left behind an exalted repu- 
Uiiion worthy of the emulation of his brother officers, and which his surviving children may 
well regard as a pricolees l<'g.acy. 

" As a tribute to his memiiry, the officers of the Corps of Engineers and Military .\cademy 
will wear the prescribe 1 badge of mourning for thirty days, .and the d,ay after the reception of 
this order at the Military Academy half-hour guns will bo flrod from sunrise to sunset, and the 
national 11 ig be displayed at half-stal 

t Was the son of Capt. liCmuol Gates, of the regiment of Artillerista and Engineers, who died 
In 1806. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 97 



Number. 1806. Class Rank. 

Served: in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1806-12 ; in the War of 1812-15 with 
(First LrEux., Reg. of Artillerists, Nov. 3, 1807) 
Great Britain, as Acting Adjutant of Reg. of Light Artillery, and Aide-de- 
Camp to Bvt. Brig.-Generiil Moses Porter, 1813, being engaged in the Capture 

(Captain, Reg. of Artillerists, Mar. 3, 1813) 
of York (now Toronto\ U. C, Apr. 27, 1813,— Bombardment and Captm-e of 
Ft. George, U. C, May 27, 1813, — and in command of Ft. Independence, Mas., 
1813-15; in gan-ison at Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1815-20,— Sackett's Harbor, N. Y"., 

(TR.i:N^SFERRED TO CoRPS OF AnTILLERT, MaY 12, 1814) 

1820-21, -Plattsburg, N. Y., 1821-24,— Ft. Lafayette, N. Y., 1824-26,— Ft. 

(Capt.un, 2d Aetillert, in Reorganization of Ar>iy, June 1 1821) 
(Bvt. jMajor, Mae. 3, 1823, for Faithful Service Ten Y'ears in one Grade) 
Columbus. N. Y., 1826-27,— Ft. McHenry, Md., 1827,— Ft. Marion, Fla., 1827- 
29,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1829,- Ft. Marion, Fla., 1829-32,— Ft. Monroe, Va., 
(Major of Ai-tiUery School for Practice), 1832, — Charleston Hai'bor, S. C, 
1832-33, during South Carolina's threatened nullification, — Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 

(Major, 1st Artillery, May 30, 1832) 
1833-35,— and Ft. Washington, Md., 1835-36; in the Florida War, 1836, 1837-38, 
and was engaged against the Seminole Indians in Defense of Ft. Barnwell 
(Volusia), Apr. 12, 1836, and Combat of Locha-Hatchee, Jan. 24, 1838; in the 
(Major, 2d Artillery, Aug. 4, 1836) 
(Lieut. -Colonel, 3d Artillery, Dec. 17, 1836) 
Cherokee Nation, 1838, while emigi-ating the Indians to the West; in the Florida 
War, 1839-41, 1841-42 ; in gan-ison at Ft. Pickens, Fla., 1842,— Ft. Moultrie, 
S. C, 1842^3,— Savannah, Ga., 1843-44,— and Ft. Moultrie, S: C, 1844^45, 
1845-46 ; in the War ^v^th Mexico, 1846-48, as Governor of Tampico, Mexico; 

(Colonel, 3d Artillery, Oct, 13, 1845) 
in garrison at Ft^ Adams, R. I., 1848-53; on voyage to California, 1853, but 
returned to New York on being ^Tecked in the steamer San Francisco, Dec. 
24, 1853; in waiting orders, 1854-61; on leave of absence, 1861-63; in com- 
mand of Ft. TrumbuU, Ct., 1863-64,— and of Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1865-67. 
Retired from Active Service, June 1, 1863, under the Law of July 17, 1862, 

" H-AVING BEEN BORNE ON THE ArMY REGISTER MORE THAN 45 YeAHS. " 

BvT. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, IVL^rch 13, 1865, fob Long and Faithful 

Services in the Abmt. 



12... (Bom Mas.).... JULIUS F. HEILEMAN.* (Ap'dVt.) 

MUitary History. —Cadet of the U. S. MHitary Academy from Apr. 14, 
1803, to Mar. 6, 1806, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Reg. of Artillerists, Mar. 6, 1806. 
Served: in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1806-12; in the War of 1812-15 with 
(First Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Apr. 30, 1808) 

(Captain, Reg. of Artillerists, May 5, 1813) 

(Transferred to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814) 

Great Britain, at Southern Posts on the Atlantic Coast; in garrison at Sackett's 

Harbor, N. Y., 1815-20,— Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1820-23,— New York Harbor, 

(Captain, 2d Artillery, in Reorganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(Bvt. Major, May 5, 1823, for Faithful Service Ten Years in one Grade) 

• Was the son of Dr. .TohnF. Heileman, Surgeon of General Reidezel's Gorman Brigade, under 
General Burgoyne, of the British Army 



98 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1806. Class Rank. 

1823-24,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824-28,— Ft. Moul- 
trie, S. C, 1828-32,— Chaileston Harbor, S. C, 1832-33, during South Caro- 

(Major, 2d Artilleht, Nov. 17, 1834) 

hna's threatened nullification, — and Ft. Monroe, Va., 1833-35; and in tlie 

Florida War, 1835-36, being engaged against the Seminole Indians at tlie 

(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., June 9, 183G, for Gallantry and Good Conduct 

IN THE AiTAIR OF ^MlCANOPT, FlA. ) 

Skirmish near Micanopy, June 9, 1836, where he commanded. 
Died, June 27, 1836, at Fort Drake, Fla. 



13. . . .(Bom Mo.). . . .PASCAL VINCENT BOUIS (Ap'd Mo.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 17, 1804, 
to March 6, 1806, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Reg. of AKTiLLEnLSTs, Mak. 6, 1806. 
First Lieut. , Reg. of Artillerists, May 3, 1808. 
Served ia garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1806-8. 

Resigned, July 31, 1808. 

Civil History. — Planter near Pointe Coupd, La., 1808-11. 
Died, 1811, near Pointe Coupe, La. 



14. . . .(Bom Mo.) AUGUSTE CHOUTEAU (Ap'd Mo.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. MUitaiy Academy from July 17, 
1804, to June 20, 1806, when he was graduated and promoted in the Anny to 
Ensign, 2d Infantry, June 20, 1806. 
Served on the S. W. Frontier, threatened by Spanish iavasion fi-om Texas, 
1806-7, as Aide-de-Camp to Brig. -General Wilkinson. 
Resigned, Jan. 13, 1807. 

Civil History. — Indian Trader in the Western Territories and States, 1808-38. 
U. S. Commissioner to treat with the Camanche Indians, Apr. 7, 1837, to Dec. 
25, 1838. 

Died, Dec. 25, 1838, at the Saline, near Foet Gibson, I. T. 



15. . . .(Bom Vt.) ALDEN PARTRIDGE (Ap'd Vt. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Dec. 14, 

1805, to Oct. 30, 1806, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 30, 1806. 

Served : at the Military Academy, 1806-11, 1812-17, as Asst. Professor of 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, July 23, 1810) 

Mathematics, Nov. 4, 1806, to June 5, 1811, — as Principal Asst. Professor of 

Mathematics, Apr. 20, 1812, to Apr. 13, 1813,— as Professor of Mathematics, 

Apr. 13, 1813, to Sep. 1, 1813, -as Professor of Engineering, Sep. 1, 1813, to 

(Professor of Mathematics, Military Academy, Apr. 13, 1813) 

(Pbofessor of Engineering, Melitaky Academy, Sep. 1, 1813) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 99 



Number. 1806. Class Rank. 

Dec. 31, 181G, — and in command during the absence of the Supenntendent, 
Jan. 3, 1815, to Nov. 25, 181G, and from Jan. 13, 1817, to July 28, 1817. 
Resigned, Apr. 15, 1818. 

Civil History. — Principal of Exploring Survey, under the 5th Article of the 
Tr.'dty of Ghent, 1819. Founded Military Schools at Norwich, Vt., 1820,— 
Middietown, Ct., 1825, — Norwich University, Vt, 1834, — Portsmouth, Va., 
1840, —Pembroke, N. H., 1847,— Harrisburgh, Pa., 1850,— and Brandjnvine 
Springs, Del., 1853. Employed for many years in instructing the Militia of 
the Western States. Smvi>yor-General of Vermont, 1822. Member of the 
Legislature of Vermont, 1833, 1834, and 1839. 

Died, Jan. 17, 1854, at Norwich, Vt. 



16. . . .(Born Mo.) CHARLES GRATIOT (Ap'd Mo.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Jiily 17, 

1804, to Oct. 30, 1806, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 30, 180G. 

Served : on Engineer duty in Mo. Ter., 1806-8 ; as Asst. Engineer in the 

construction of the defenses of Charleston Harbor, S. C. , 1808-10 ; at the Mil- 

(Captatn, Corps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1808) 
itary Academy, 1810-11 ; in the "War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Chief 
Engineer of the North-western Army, under command of Major-Geueral Hai'- 
rison, in the Campaigns of 1813 and of 1814, being engaged in the Defense 
of Ft. Meigs, Apr. 28-May 9, 1813,— Attack on Ft. Mackinac, Aug. 4, 1814, 
— and in command of a detachment which landed Sep. 13, 1814, near the 

(Bvt. Colonel, ]\Iichigan Militia, Oct. 5, 1814) 
mouth of the Natewasaga River, and succeeded in destroying six months' sup- 
plies of provisions, deposited there by the enemy for transportation to Mack- 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, Feb. 9, 1815) 
inac ; as Superintending Engineer of the fortifications in Delaware River and 
Bay, 1816-17 ; as Chief Engineer of Department No. 3 (embracing Michigan 
and N. W. Territory), 1817-18 ; as Superintending Engineer of the constrac- 

(LiEUT. -Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 31, 1819) 
tion of the defenses of Hampton Roads, Va. (Forts Monroe and Calhoun), 
1819-29 ; in command of the Corps of Engineers, in charge of the Engineer 
(Colonel and Chief Engineer of the U. S. Army, May 24, 1828) 
(Bvt. Brig. -General, May 24, 1828, for Meritorious Ser\t;ces and 
General Good Conduct) 
Bureau at "Washington, D. C, and (ex-officio) Inspector of the Military Acad- 
emy, Maj' 24, 1828, to Dec. 6, 1838 ; and member of several Ordnance and 
Artillery Boards, 1828-38. 

Dismissed, Dec. 6, 1838, by the President, 
for "having fiiiled to pay into the Treasm-y the balance of the moneys placed 
in his hands, in 1835, for public puiposes, after suspending therefrom the 
amount which he claims to be due him on settlement of accounts, according to 
the President's order, communicated to him by the Secretary of "War on the 
28th Nov., 1838 ; and having neglected to render his accounts ui obedience to 
the law ot Jan. 31, 1823."* 

* TUo Coniinilloo on tho Judiciary nialo, Aug. 31, 1852. to tho Pcnate of the Dnilcil States, 
the following Report on tho memorial of General (iratiot, which had been referred to It : 

"That the prayer of the petitioner is for the expression of the opinion of the Senate upon 
the legality of tho proceedings in the dismissal of tho petitioner from the Army of the United 
States. 

"The simple expression of such an opinion scarcely seems consistent with the duty of tho 



100 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEE. 1806. Class Rank. 

Civil Histoiy. — As testimonials of his services in the North West, Ft. Gratiot, 
on the riyht bank of the St. Clair River ; Grivtiot Connty, Mich. ; and the vil- 
lages of Gratiot, in Mich, and Wis. , were named after him. Clerk in the General 
Land Office in "Washington city, 1840-55. 

Died, May 18, 1855, ix St. Louis, Mo. : Aged 67. 



17 . . .(Bom N. Y.) ELEAZER D. WOOD (Ap'd N. Y., 

MiliLary History. — Cadet of the U. S. IMihtaiy Acadamy from May 17, 

IbUo, to Oct. 30, lyoG, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut. , Cokps of Engineeks, Oct. 30, 1806. 

Served : as Asst. Engineer in the construction of the defenses at Governor'? 

Island, New York Harbor, 1807 ; at the Military Academy, 1807-8 ; as Asst. 

'First Lieut., Coeps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1808) 

Senate, or compatible with the public interests: for it would, very possibly, imply the 
necessity of ulterior proceedings not contemplated in the petition, and which it would ba 
nianifesily improper to originate on this wise, or from this committee at all. As far, however, 
as the committee may be justified in pursuing the course desired, they will proceed very 
cheerfully. 

'•The c:ireer of the petitioner in the Army of the United States, during a long perioJ of 
nearly foity years, is a matter of history that may justly excite the pride and admiration 
of every American citizen. Brave in battle, he presided, for along time, with distinguished 
honor aul ability, at the head of one of the most difficult and arduous bureaus of the military 
department, and lias loft to the country lastmg monuments of his skill and science in the 
construction of various magnificent fortifications, both to exhibit her strength and to insure her 
safety. 

"While thus honorably and usefully employed in the public service for so many years, he 
was constantly confl led in by his country , and never abused her confidence in the disbursement 
of immense sums of money, and lived honored and respected by all classes of men, with no 
tuint of suspicion attaching to his name. 

"With a character so high to sustain him, the charge of malfeasance in ofllce should be 
received with great cautiou by the people, and rigidly scrutinized by Congress, and no unjust 
influences of any nature whatsoever, should be permitted to prevail in his case ; but if, unfortu- 
nately, such influences do obtain ground, then it is obviously the imperative duty of Oiagress 
to remove them, for no higher duty devolves upon the federal logLslaturo than the protection 
of the honor of its military officers, of which it is necessarily, to a very great extent, the chief 
custodian. 

"In the attainment of this object no obstacle whatever should be allowed to interpose. 
Wherein legislation is deficient, it should be supplied, and all bars of rules and regulations of 
the service should be roniuved, lor nothing can tie so dear to the American officer as his honor, 
and nothing should be more assiduously guarded by the American people thixn tli;it, for the 
honor of the soldiers of the Republic is in no small measure the life and spirit of enlighteno 1 
freedom. With these brief general observations, the committee will as briefly revert to the case 
of the petitioner. 

" The c:ise of General Charles Gratiot, who was the Chief of the Corps of Engineers in the 
Army of the United Slates, has been so elaborately discussed in every circle, and so fully 
reported upon to Congress, that the history of the whole case is familiar to every one. 

"The alleged grievance, which cons-titutes the cause of his dissatisfaction, was the sum- 
mary dismissal ol the petitioner from the army, in the year 1838, by the President of the Unite I 
States — first, upon the plea that the power thus exercised was arbitrary, and contrary to the 
true meaning and intent of the act of Congress conveying it ; and secondly, that a defalcation 
in the accounts of the petitioner, which Wiis the cause assigned for the removal, did not and 
never did exist in truth. 

" In support of his first plea, the petitioner exhibits a mass of testimony, which is certainly 
eulitlod to be very calmly weighed and measured ; and among the same is the opinion of the 
General Commanding-in-Chicf, upon a paiallel case, than which no authority can be higher, 

" In support of the .second plea, he denies totally the truth of the charge of defalcation, and 
contends that he is not, and never was indebted to the United Stales for moneys misused by 
him, and that a just and legal adjustment of his accounts will bring the United States in debt 
to him ; that the withholding of the funds, upon the demand of the Secretary of War, was a 
measure of self-defence, justified by the circumstances of the case, and that he was then and is 
now propund for an equitable settlement, which is his demand and desire. 

"It seems l^) the committee that both of the pleas are reasonable, and should receive atten- 
tion, urged hs they are, with the earnestness of conscious rectitude, by a gallant soldier, who 
has acquired a right to bo heard from the blood he has spilled in battle. 

"Further than this the Committee regret that they cannot go, as it is not in their power tc 
afiord an adequate remedy by recommending the passage of any law for the relief of the peti- 
tioners, and they therefore ask to bo discharged from the further consideration of the subject. " 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 101 



Number. 1806. Class Rank. 

Eagineer at Ft. Norfolk, Va., 1808-10; at West Point, N. Y., 1810-11, as Mil- 
ifciry Agent ; and in the War of 1812 -15 with Great Britain, in General Har- 

(C.iPTAiN, Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1H12) 

rison's Campaign of 1813, in the North West, ami in the Campaign of 1814, on 

the Niagara Frontier, being engaged in the Defense of Ft. Mjigs, Apr. 28, — 

May y, 1813, participating in the Sortie of May 5, on the British batteries iiud 

(Bva'. IkLiJOR, May 6, 1813, for Distinguished Services in the 

Defense of Ft. Meigs) 

approaches, — Skirmish at Chatham, U. C. (in command of the Artillery), Oct. 4. 
1H13,— Battle of the Thames, U. C, Oct. 5, 1813, —Capture of Fort Erie, U. C. 
July 3, 1814,— Battle of Chippewa, July 5, 1814,— Battle of Niaga.-.i, July 25, 
18r4, — and Defense of Ft. Erie, Aug. 13 -Sep. 17, 1814, includiug its Bom- 
(BvT. Lieut.-Co'l., July 25, 1814, for Gallant Conduct in the Battle 
OF Niagara, U. C. ) 
Viardment, Aug. 13-15, Repulse of the enemy's Assault, Aug. 15, and Sortie 
from it, Sep. 17, 1814, when, while gallantly leading and directing a column 
on the British batteries and siege works, he was 

Killed, Sep. 17, 1814, in the Sortie from Ft. Erie, U. C* 



18 . . .(Bom Vt.) WILLIAM PARTRIDGE (Ap'd Vt. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mditaiy Academy from Dec. 13. 

1805, to Oct. 30, 1806, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut. , Corps of Engineers, Oct. 30, 1806. 

Served: at West Point, N. Y., 1807; as Asst. Engineer in the construction 

of the defenses of Charleston Harbor, S. C, 1808-10; at West Point, N. Y.. 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1838) 
1810-11 ; and in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Chief Engineer in 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1812) 
the Campaign of 1812 in JDchigan Territoiy, of the Army commanded by 
Major-General Hull, by whose SuiTender of Detroit, Aug. 10, 1812, he was 
made a prisoner of war, being at the time too sick to attend to duty, and before 
being exchanged, 

Died Sep. 20, 1812, at Detroit, Mich. 



19 . . .(Bom Ct.) PRENTISS WILLARD (Ap'd Vt. ) 

Military History. —Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Nov. 23, 1803. 

to Oct. 30, 1806, when he was graduated and liroraoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 33, 1806. 

Seiwed: at West Point, N. Y., 1806-7; as Asst. Engineer in the construction 

of defensive works on the New England coast, 1808 ; as Superintending 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 183S) 

* Wood County, Ohio, containing the site of Ft. Moig.^, was so named in honor of his heroism 
there displayed ; Fort Wood, oa Bedloe's Island, in his native Stats, was called after its distin- 
guished son ; and a monument to his memory was erected by his commander, Major-General 
Brown, at West Point, X. Y., in sight of those Academic Hills ho had left for his brief, brave 
and brilliant career of scarce eiaht years, which, in the langmgi of an official despatch, '• had 
uniformly been an e.thihition of military skill, acuto judgment, and heroic valor." "Nn officer 
of his grade," says Major-Goneral Brown, in his letter of Sep. 29, 1814, to the Secretary of War, 
" could have contrih ite ! more to the safety and honor of this Army. Wood, brave, generous, 
and enterprising, ili.!d as he had lived, without a feeling but for the honor of his country and 
the glory of her arms His name and example will live to guide the .soldier in the pith of duty , 
so long as true heroism is held in estimation." He was truly the soul and genius of every enter- 
prise in which he was engaged. 



10^ GEADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1806. Class Eank. 

Engineer of the fortifications at Beaufort, S. C, 1809-10 ; as Asst. Engineer in 
erecting the defenses of New York Harbor, 1811; and in the War of 1812-15 

(Captain, Corps of Engixeebs, July, 6, 1812) 
with Great Britain, as Engineer of the defenses of Beaufort, S. C, 1812-13. 
Died, Oct. 12, 1813, at Beaufort, S. C. 



20 ... . (Born Mo. ) JOSEPH PROVE AUX (Ap'd S. C. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academj' from Mar. 2, 1800, 
to Nov. 11, ISOG, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Nov. 14, 1806. 
Served in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1806-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 with 
(First Lleut., Beg. of Artillerists, Jan. 9, 1809) 
Great Britain, on duty at the South, 1812-13. 

Died, Nov. 10, 1813. 



21.... (Bom N. J.) THOMAS BENNETT (Ap'd N. J.) 

Military History. —Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 8, 1803, 

to Nov. li, 1806, when he was graduated and jiromoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Reg. op Artillerists,' Nov. 14, 1806. 

Served: in gan-ison at Atlantic Posts, 1806-12; in the War of 1812-15, with 

(First Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Aug. 1, 1809) 

(Capt.\in, Reg. of Artillerists, June 20, 1813) 

Great Britain, on duty at Ft. Independence, Mas., and Ft. Constitution, N. H. ; 

(Transferred to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814) 
and in gan-ison at New London, Ct, 1815-16, — Pittsfield, Mas., 1816, -Casting, 
Me., 1816-17,— and Portsmouth, N. H., 1817-18. 

Died, Sep. 26, 1818, at Fort Constitution, N. H. 



22....(Bom Vt.) ETHAN A. ALLEN* (Ap'd Vt.) 

MiHtary History.— Cadet of the U. S. MiUtavy Academy from Doc. 10, 1804, 
to Nov. 14, 1806, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Nov. 14, 1806. 
Served: in garrison at Atlantic Posts, and on N. W. Frontier, 1896-12; in the 
(First Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Oct. 1, 1809) 
War of 1812 -15 with Great Britain, at Norfolk and Craney Island, Va., 1812-13, 
— and on Lake Champlain, 1814; in command of Craney Island, Va., 1815-21; 
(Transferred to Corps of .Artillery, May 12, 1814) 
(CaptjUN, Corps of Artillery, July 25, 1814) 
and Superintendent of Regimental Recruiting Service, 1818-20. 
Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 

Civil History. — U. S. Inspector of Customs, on the Canada Frontier, 
18 -, to IK . Farmer, Norfolk County, Va., 1823-33. Merchant, Norfolk, 
Va., 1833 34. 

Died, Jan. 6, 1855, in Norfolk County, Va. : Aged 66. 

• Wus the son of General ErnAji Allrm, the hero of Ticondcroga and Crowu Point. 



U. S. MILITAKi: ACADEMY. 103 



NuMBEB. 1806—7. Class Kank. 

23. . . . (Born Pa. ) ROBERT LUCAS (Ap'd Pa. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Militai-y Academy from Dec. 29, 
180-i, to Nov. 14, 1806, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., IIeg. of Aktellerisxs, Nov. 14, 1806. 
Served in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1806-10. 

Kesigned, Oct, 31, 1810. 
Pie-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Captain, 19th Infantet, Jtjlt 6, 1812. 
Served in the War of 1812-15 against Great Britain, being engaged on the 
Canada Frontier, where he was made prisoner of war, and not exchanged till 
Jan. 18, 1813. 

Resigned, Feb. 10, 1813. 

Ee-appointed in the Ai'my vnth the rank of 

IVIajoe, 22d Infantey, Mae. 3, 1813. 
Served in the War of 1812-15 against Great Britain, on the Northern Fron- 
tier, 1813-14, being engaged in the Capture of Ft. George, U. C, May 27, 1813,— 
and in Gen. Wilkinson's Descent of the St. La^vl•ence River, 1813. 
Died, Jan., 1814, at Feench Mills, N. Y. 



24....(BornEng.) JOHN D. WYNDHAM (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Mditaiy Academy fi-om May 27, 
1805, to Nov. 14, 1806, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Aetillerists, Nov. 14, 1806. 
FiEST Lieut., Reg. of Aetilleeists, Jan. 29, 1811. 
Served in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1806-12. 

Dismissed, March 14, 1812, foe "Drunkenness on Duty." 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 1813. 



25. . . .(Bom Mo.) LOUIS LORAMIER (Ap'd Mo.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 17, 
1804, to Nov. 14, 1806, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Ensign, 1st Infantey, Nov. 14, 1806. 
Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, Jan. 20, 1808. 
Served on the Western Frontier, 1806-9. 

Resigned, Dec. 31, 1809. 
Civil History.— Farmer, near Cape Girardeau, Mo., 1810-31. 
Died, 1831, at Cape Girardeau, Mo. 



GRADUATES OF 1807. 

26.... (Bom N. J.) JUSTUS POST (Ap'd Vt) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. IMUitaiy Academy from Oct. 9, 
1800, to Dec. 9, 1807, when he was graduated and iDi-omoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Dec. 9, 1807. 



10^ GRADUATES OP THE 



NuMBEB. 1807. Class Rank. 

Sei-ved : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1807-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 

(First Lieut., Reg. of Abttt.t.f.rists, July 1, 1811) 

mtli Great Britain, as Military Agent, 1812, and Agent of Fortifications, 

(Tkaxsfekred to Cokps of Aktilleky, May 12, 1814) 

(Col. Staff— Quarteumastek-General, Nov. 22, 1814) 

1812 15, at Ft. Columbus, New York harbor. 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 

Civil History. — Farmer, Bonhomme Bottom, St. Louis County, Mo., 
1816-30. Judge of the County Court of St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 22, 1822, to 
Dec. 13, 1826. Engineer of the Survey of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, 
1823-24. Member of the Senate of the State of Missouri, 1826-30. Farmer 
and Merchant, Alexander (now Pulaski) County, 111. , 1830-46. 

Deed, Mae. 14, 1846, at Caledonia, III. : Aged 65. 



27. . . .(Bom Vt) SATERLEE CLARK (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. ]VIUit;xry Academy from May 15, 
1805, to Dec. 9, 1807, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Reg. of Aetilleeists, Dec. 9, 1807. 
Served : in ganison at Atlantic Posts, 1807-10 ; in the Pay Dei^artment, 
(District Paymaster, Aug. 15, 1810) 
(First Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, July 10, 1811, to Dec. 31, 1813) 
1810-12, and during the War with Great Britain, 1812-15. 

Major, 26th Infantry, Ape. 15, 1814 : Declined. 
Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 
Re-appointed in the Ai-my with the rank of 

Battalion and District Paymaster, Ape. 29, 1816. 

Served : in the Pay Department, 1816-24, at Washington, D. C, 1816-21,— 

(Paymaster, in the Re-organization of the Army, June 1, 1821^ 

to bank feom ape. 29, 1816) 

and at Utica, N. Y., 1821-24, when, under the 3d Sec. of Act of Jan. 31, 1823, 

he was 

Dismissed, Aug. 5, 1824. 

Civil History.— Sutler at Ft. Howard, Wis, 1828-42. 
Died, 1848, at Washington Citt. 



28. . . .(Born Vt.) JOHN ANDERSON (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 9, 
1806, to Dec. 9, 1807, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Reg. op Artillerists, Dec. 9, 1807. 
Served in garrison at Artillciy Posts, 1807-11. 

Resigned, May 1, 1811. 
Re-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

First Lieut., 19th Infantry, July 6, 1812. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 105 



Number. 1807. Class Bank. 

Served : iu the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in the Campaign of 1812 
in Michigan Territory, becoming a prisoner of war, Aug. 16, 1812, on the Sur- 
(Captain, 19th Infaxtey, Mae, 16, 1813) 
(BvT. Major St.aff — Top. Engineee, Apr. 12, 1813) 
render of Detroit, — and in the Campaign of 181-4, as Chief Top. Engineer on 
the Staflf of Major-General Izard ; in exploxiug Northwestern and Western 
TeiTitory, 1815 ; on Sm-vey of Lake Champlain, etc., 1815-16 ; in construct- 
ing iinitary lload from Detroit, Mich., to jMaumee River, 1817 ; and on Sur- 
(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., Apr. 12, 1823, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
vey of Sites for Fortifications on the New England Coast, 1826-29, — of Hudson 
Kiver, 1829, — of Taunton and Waymouth Canal, Mas., 1833, — and of the Shores 
of the Northwestern Lakes, 1831. 

Died, Sep. 14, 18 34, at Deteoit, Mich. 



29. . . . (Bom Ct.) SAMUEL CHAMPLIN (Ap'd Ct.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. MUitary Academy from Oct. 9, 
1806, to Dec. 9, 1807, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Eeg. of Artillerists, Dec. 9, 1807. 
Served : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1807-11 ; in Pay Depai'tment, 1811-12; 
(District Patmaster, June 14, 1811) 
(First Lieut., Reg. op Artillerists, Oct 31, 1811) 
and in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Military Agent and Agent of 
Fortifications, 1812, at Charleston, S. C, — and as Chief Quartermaster of the 
Southern Division of the Army, commanded by Major-General T. Pinckney, 
1813-15. 

Major Staff — Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., 5Iar. 18, 1813. 
Transferred to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814. 
Provisionally retained as Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., as provided by law of 
Mar. 3, 1815 imtil he was 

Disbanded, May 21, 1816. 

Civil History. — After being disbanded from the U. S. Amiy, he joined Mc- 
Gregor's Expedition against Florida, as Colonel and Chief of Artillery, and was 
engaged in the Capture of AmeUa Island, Fla., July 30, 1817. Captain of 
"Magazine Guard," at Charleston, S. C, 1830-32. United States Inspector of 
Customs and Boarding Officer, at Charleston, S. C, 1833-61. 



30....(BornEng.) SAMUEL NOAH (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. MiUtary Academy from ]\Iay 5, 

1805, to Dec. 9, 1807, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 

Ensign, 2d Infantry, Dec. 9, 1807. 

Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, Aug. 18, 1808. 

First Lieut., 2d Inf.intry, Nov. 6, 1810. 

Served on frontier duty in the Gulf States, 1808-11. 

Resigned, Mar. 13, 1811. 
After his resignation from the U. S. Army, served as a volunteer, 1812-13 
(with the rank of First Lieut., Ftsb. 8, to July 13, 1813), in the Patriot .\rmy of 
Mexico, in its invasion of the Province of Texas, and was engaged in the Cap- 
ture of Ft. Bahia (GoUad, since 1829), Nov. 14, 1812,— Defense of Ft. Bahia, 



106 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1807-8. Class Bank. 

Nov. 14, 1812, to Mar. 28, 1813, — Combat, near Sau Autonio, Tex., Apr. 4, 
1813, in command of the Rear Guard of the Army,— and Captm-o of Sau An- 
tonio, Tex., Apr. 7, 1813. Informed of the United States' Declaration of War 
against Great Britain, he, with diflticulty, left Texas, and not being able to 
obtain a commission at Washington, served, Aug. 18, 1814, to Feb. 15, 1815, 
as a volunteer in the Defense of Brooklyn and Harlem Heights, New York 
harbor, in which position, from his militixry information, he rendered valu- 
able assistance to the inexperienced militia forces. 

Civil History.— School Teacher, near Goshen, Orange County, N. Y., 
1816-20,-in Hanover County, Va., 1823-30,— in Orange County, Va., 1830-36, 
—Mount Meridan, Va., 1836-37,— and in Bath County, Va., 1837-48. 
Eesidence, near Mount Pulaski, Logan County, HI. 



GRADUATES OF 1808. 

31.... (Born Vt.) DANIEL A. A. BUCK (Ap'dVt.) 

MiUtary History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 9, 
1806, to Feb. 23, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1808. 
Served as Assistant Engineer in the construction of the defenses of Bedloe's 
Island, New York harbor, 1808-11. 

Resigned, Aug. 31, 1811. 
Re-appointed in the Army, with the rank of 

Second Lieut., 3d Aetlllekt, Oct. 17, 1812, 
which appointment he having declined, he was then made 
Captain, 31st Infantry, Ape. 30, 1813. 
Served in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in the Campaign of 1813, 
under Major-General Hamilton, being engaged in the Combat of Chateaugay 
River, Oct. 26, 1813. 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 

Civil History.— Counseller at Law, Chelsea, Vt., 1811-13, and 1815-35. 
Member of the House of Representatives of the State of Vermont, 1816, 1817, 
1818, 1819, 1820, 1821, 1822, 1825, 1826, 1829, 1830, 1833, 1834, and 1835 ; 
and Speaker, 1820-22, 1825-26 and 1829. Member of the U. S. House of 
Representatives from Vermont, 1823-25 and 1827-29. Trustee of the Univer- 
sity of Vermont, at Bm-lington, 1829-35. Clerk in the U. S. War Department, 
Jixly 28, 1835, to Dec. 31, 1839 ; and in the Treasury Department, 1840. 
Died, Dec. 24, 1841, at Washington, D. 0. 



32. . . .(Bom Mas.) SAMUEL BABCOCK (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History. -Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 28, 

1806, to Feb. 23, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1808. 

Served : as Asst. Engineer, in the construction of the fortifications of New 

York harbor, 1808-14 ; Asst. Engineer of Mihtaiy District No. 3 (Md. and 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1812) 

Va.), 1813 ; in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Chief Engiiieer of 

the forces under command of Major-General Smith, in the Defense of Baltimore, 

(Captain, Coeps of Engineers, Sep. 20, 1812) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 107 



NuMBEB. ISOS. Class Eank. 

Md., 1814 ; and as Superintending Engineer of the defenses of Delaware Eiver, 
and construction of Ft. Delaware, Delaware Bay, 181()-24, — of the improve- 

(Majok, Coups of Engineeks, Mar. 31, 1819) 
ment of the Ohio and Mississippi Kivers, 1824-2G, — of New Castle Harbor im- 
provement, Del., lS2G-'28, — and of the construction of Ft. Pulaski, Ga., 
1828-30. 

Resigned, Dec. 22, 1830. 

Civil Etistory. — Unknown. 

Died, 1831, at New Castle, Del. 



33 ... . (Born Mas. ) S YLVANUS THAYER ( Ap'd Mas. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy fi-om Mar. 20, 
1807, to Feb. 23, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Coeps of Engineers, Feb. 23, 1808. 
Served : in survejang .sites and i:)rojecting j^laus for batteries at New Haven 
and Stonington Harbors, Ct., and inspecting Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 1808 ; as Asst. 
Engineer in the construction of the defenses of the Massachusetts Coast, 
1808-9 ; at the Military Academy, 1809-11 ; as Asst. Engineer, at the fortifica- 
tions of New York harbor, and Asst. Ordnance Officer, New Y'ork city, 1811-12 ; 

(First Lteut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1812) 
in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Chief Engineer of the Northern 

(Capt. Staff — Dep. Combhssary of Ordnance, Sep. 22, 1812) 
Ai"my, under command of Major-General Dearborn, in the Campaign of 1812, — 
of the Eight Di\-ision of the same Army, under command of Major-General 
Hamjiton, to whom he was also Aide-de-Camp, in the Campaign of 1813, being 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Oct. 13, 1813) 
engaged in the Combat of Chateaugay River, Oct. 26, 1813, — of the forces 
under command of Bvt. Brig. -General Porter, in the Defense of Norfolls;, Va., 
in 1814, — and Brigade Major to Bvt. Brig. -General Porter, 1814-15 ; on pro- 
(Btt. Major, Feb. 20, 1815, for Distinguished and Meritorious 
Services) 
fessional duty in Europe, examining fortifications, military schools and estab- 
lishments, and the operations of the Allied armies, then occupying France, on 
the fall of Napoleon, 1815-17 ; as Superintendent of the Military Academy, 
July 28, 1817, to July 1, 1833 ; as Superintending Engineer of the construction 
(Bvt. Lieut. -Col., Mar. 3, 1823, for Distinguished Aim 
MERITORIOU.S Services) 
(Major, Corps of Engineers, May 24, 1828) 
of Fts. Warren and Independence, Boston Harbor, Mas., 1833-43, continuing 
(Bvt. Colonel, Mar. 3, 1833, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in One Gr.ade) 
the direction of those works while on ijrofessional duty in Europe, till 1846 ; 
in general supervision of Harbor Improvements in IMaine and Massachusetts, 
1836-43, and of the Coast Defenses east of Boston, Mas., 1833-43 ; as Supeiin- 

(Lieut.-Colonel, Corps of Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
tending Engineer of the construction of Ft. Warren, Mas., 1846-57, — of Ft. In- 
dependence, Mas., 1847-48,— of Ft. Winthrop, Mas., 1847-48,— and of the Sea 
Walls in Boston Harbor, 1846-57 ; as Member of the Board of Engineers for 
Coast Defenses, Apr. 2, 1833, to Dec. 21, 1857, being President of the Board 
from Dec. 7, 1838 ; in command of the Corps of Engineers, Dec. 21, 1857, to 
Dec. 22,1858 ; as Member of various special Engineer, Ordnance, and Artillery 
(Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863) 
(Bvt. Brig. -General, U. S. Arjiy. May 31, 1863, foe Long and 
Faithful Servicp'' 



108 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1808. Class Rank. 

Boards, 182o-58 ; and on sick leave of absence, 1858 to 1863, since when be 
has been unemployed. 

Retired from Active SER^ncE, June 1, 18G3, under the Law of 

June 17, 1862, '•h.u'ing been Borne on the Army 

Register more than 45 Years. " 

Civil History.— Degree of A. M., conferred by Dartmouth College,* N. H., 
1810, fi-om which he was graduated in 1807,— and by Harvard University, Mas., 
18-2o; of LL. D, by St. John's College, Md., 1830,— by Kenyon College, O., 
18-16,— by Dartmouth College, N. H., 18-16,- and by Harvard University, Mas., 
1857. Member of American Academy of Ai'ts and Sciences, 1834, —of the Amer- 
ican Philosophical Society of Philadelphia, Pa., 1838,— and of various scientitic 
associations, 183-1^67. 



34. . . .(Born N. Y.). . .SAMUEL B. RATHBONE (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from June 29, 

1803, to June 13, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, June 13, 1808. 

Served; in ganison at Atlantic Posts, 1808-12; and in the War of 1812-15 

with Great Britain, being engaged in the Attack on Queenstown Heights, U. C. , 

Oct. 13, 1812, where he was Mortally Wounded, and 

Died of Wounds, Dec. 8, 1812, at Fort Niagara, N. Y. 



35. . . .(Bom Mo.) LOUIS VALLE (Ap'd Mo.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. IMihtary Academy from Jan. 11, 
1805, to June 13, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Reg of Arttllerists, June 13, 1808: Declined. 

Civil History. — Merchant at St. Genevieve, Mo., and engaged in Lead- 
mining, 1808-33. 

Died, Sep. 23, 1833, at St. Genevieve, Mo. : Aged 43. 



36. . . . (Bom Vt.) HEMAJSr A. FAY (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 20, 
1807, to June 13, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, June 13, 1808. 
Served: in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1808-12; and in the War of 1812-15 
(First Lieut., Reg. of Artillerlsts, Dec. 23, 1811) 
(Transferred to Corps of Artillery, M.vy 12, 1814) 
with Great Britain, in garrison at Ft. Adams, R. I., Ft. McHenry, Md. (as Asst. 
jMilitary Agent), and Ft. Washington, Md. , when he was 
Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 
Chief Forage Master of the Northern Division of the Army, 1816-17; and as 
Military Store Keeper, and Agent of the Quartermaster Department at Albany, 
N. Y., Jan., 3, 1818, to July, 1842. 

• General Thayer, in 1867: — " Moved by a regard for his Alma Mater, and by a consideration 
of the largo demands which the unfolding material interests of the country are sure to make 
upon our educational iaslitutions," donated $40,000 to Dartmouth College, to found, on the 
broadest plan, a School of Architecture and Civil Engineering. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 109 



Number 1808. Class Kank. 

Civil History. — Author, 1815, of "OfEcial Account of Battles Fought between 
the Army and Navy of the United States and Great Britain, in 1812-15." 
Died, Aug. 20, 1865, at Bennington, Vt. : Aged 87. 



37. . . .(Bom Vt.) OLIVER G. BURTON (Ap'd Vt) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 20, 
1807, to June 18, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
FiKST Lteut., 4th Infante y, June 18, 1808. 
Served : on the Northwestern Frontier, 1808-11 ; in Gen. Harrison's Cam- 
paign of 1811 in Indiana Temtory, being engaged in the Battle of Tippacanoe, 
(Captain, 4th Infantry, Aug. 25, 1811) 

Nov. 7, 1811 : and in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, being engaged in 
the Action oif Maguago (near BrowTisto-mi), Mich., Aug. 9, 1812, — Surrender 
of Detroit, Mich., Aug. 16, 1812, — and, after his exchange as a prisoner of war, 

(Major, 33d Infantry, June 15, 1814) 
on Reciuiting and Inspecting duty, 1814-15. 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 
Re-appointed, and served as Military Store Keeper at West Point, N. Y., 
1816-20. 

Deed, Feb. 22, 1821, at Matanzas, W. I. 



38 . . .(Bom Ct.) MINOR HUNTINGTON (Ap'd Ct.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 20, 
1807, to June 18, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, Juiste 18, 1808. 
First Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 3, 1809. 
Served on the Northwestern Frontier, 1808-11. 

Resigned, Feb. 20, 1811. 

Civil History. — Unknown, except that he became an Editor in Connecticut. 
Died, 18 — , in Connecticut. 



39. . . .(Bom Vt.) MILO MASON (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 20, 

1807, to June 18, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Ensign, 4th Infantry, June 18, 1808. 

Served : on the Northwestern Frontier, 1808-9 ; in garrison at Atlantic 

(Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Jan. 9, 1809) 

Posts, 1809 -12 ; in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Canada 

(First Lieut. , Reg. of Artillerists, Feb. 29, 1812) 
Frontier, — and Aide-de-Camp to Brig. -General Cushing, 1814-15 ; as Aide-de- 

(Transfereed to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814) 

Camp to Brig. -General Porter, 1815-16 ; on Quartermaster duty, 1816-20. being 

(Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Apr. 29, 1816) 

(Captain, Corps of Artillery, May 17, 1816) 



110 GRADUATES OF THE 



NiTMBEK. 180S. Class Kank. 

Quiirtennaster-General of the Southern Division, commanded by Major-Gen- 

eral Jackson, 1818-20 ; on Kecruitiug ser\-ice, 1820-21 ; and in garrison at Ft. 

(Major Staff — Dep. Quaetermastek-Ge:?^. , Feb. 13, 1818) 

(Resigned Staff Gommissiox, Mat 1, 1820) 

SiiUivan, Me., 1821-23,— Ft. Independence, Mas., 1823,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 

(Captain, 1st Aettllery, in Ee-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
1823-24,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824-26,— Ft Wol- 
(BvT. Major, IVLay 17, 1826, for F.uthfdl Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
cott, R. L, 1826-27,— Ft. Washington, Md., 1827-35,— and Washington Ar- 
senal, D. C, 1835-37. 

Deed, Feb. 4, 1837, at Washington, D. C. 



40. . . . (Bom N. H.) GEORGE P. PETERS (Ap'd K H.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Dec. 3, 

1807, to Jime 18, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Ensign, 4th Infantry, June 18, 1808. 

Served: on the N. W. Frontier, 1808-11; in General Harrison's Campaign of 

(Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 3, 1809) 

1811 in Indiana Territory, being engaged in the Battle of Tippacanoe, Nov. 7, 

(First Lieut., 4th Infantry, Oct. 29, 1811) 

1811, where he was wounded ; in the War of 1812-15 with Gi'eat Britain, 
being engaged in the Combat of Maguago (near Brownsto-mi), Mich., Aug. 9, 

1812, where he was wounded, — Surrender of Detroit, Mich., Aug. 16, 1812, — 

(Paymaster, 4th Infantry, Dec. 14, 1812) 

(Major St.vff — Asst. Adjutant-General, Aug. 29, 1813) 

and Attack on La Cole MiU, L. C, Mar. 30, 1814; in Military operations on 

(Captain, 4th Infantry, Feb. 21, 1814) 

(Captain, Corps of Artillery, on Reduction of Armt, May 17, 1815) 

the S. E. Frontier, participating in Major-General Jackson's Campaign of 

1817-18 against the Seminole Indians, and his Seizure of Pensacola, Fla., May 

24, 1818, being engaged in the Bombardment and Capture of Ft. San Carlos 

de Ban-ancas, Fla., May 26-27, 1818; and in ganison at Pensacola, Fla., 

1818-19,— and at Ft. Gadsden, Fla., 1819. 

Died, Nov. 28, 1819, at Fort Gadsden, Fla. 



41. . . .(Bom Md.) JAMES GIBSON (Ap'd Del.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Oct. 20, 

1806, to Dec. 12, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

First Lieut., Light Artillery, Dec. 12, 1808. 

Served : in gan-ison at Atlantic posts, and on S. W. Frontier, 1808-12 ; and 

(Captain, Light Artillery, May 2, 1810) 

in the War of 1812-15, on the Niagara Frontier, in 1812, participating in the 

Attack on Quecnstown Heights, U. G, Oct. 13, 1812, — on Inspection duty, 

(Major Staff — Asst. Inspector-Gener^vl, Apr. 2, 1813) 

(Colonel Staff — Inspector-General, July 13, 1813) 

1812-14, — and in the Campaign of 1814 on the Niagara Frontier, being 



TJ. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. Ill 



NuMBEB. 1808. Class Rank. 

engaged in tlie Defense of Ft. Erie, U. C, Aug. 13-Sep. 17, 1814, including its 
Bombardment, Aug. 13-15, Kepulse of the enemy's Assault, Aug. 15, and Sortie 

(Colonel, 4th Rifles, Feb. 21, 1814) 
from it upon the British batteries and siege works, where he was 

Killed, Sep. 17, 1814, 
and when, in the language of the official despatch, he " fully sustained the high 
military reputation which he had before so justly acquired." * 



42. . . .(Born Mas.) SAMUEL NEWTVIAU" (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 30, 
1807 to Dec. 12, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Aetilleey, Dec. 12, 1808. 
FiEST Lieut., Light Aktilleet, June 11, 1809. 
Served in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1808-10. 

Resigned, June 25, 1810. 
Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died 18—. 



43. . . . (Born N. H.) ALPHEUS ROBERTS (Ap'd N. H.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 20, 
1807, to Dec. 12, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Dec. 12, 1808. 
Served in garrison at Terre au Boeuf, La., 1808-9. 

Died, Aug. 27, 1809, at New Ohleans, La. 



44. . . .(Bom Vt.) LUTHER LEONARD (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 9, 1806, 

to Dec. 12, 1808, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Anny to 

Second Lieut., Light Artillert, Dec. 12, 1808. 

First Lieut., Light Artillery, Sep. 1, 1809. 

Served: in ganison at Atlantic Posts, 1808-12 ; in the War of 1812-15 with 

(Captain, Light Artillery, July 6, 1812) 

Great Britain, in the Campaign of 1812 on the Niagara Frontier, of 1813 on the 

St. Lawi-ence Eiver, and of 1814 on the Lake Cliamplain line of operations, 

being engaged in the Defense of Ft. Niagara during its Bombardment. Nov. 21, 

1812,-Capture of Ft. George, U. C, May 27, 1813,— Skirmish and Repulse of 

the enemy's Night Assault at Stony Creek, U. C, June 6, 1813,— Battle of 

ChrA'stler's Field, U. C, Nov. 11, 1813,— Sldi-mish at Odlctown, L. C, Mar. 

30, 1814,— Defense of Ft. Oswego, N. Y., May 5-6, 1814,— and Battle of Platts- 

burg, N. Y., Sep. 11, 1814 ; and in gan-ison, in Boston harbor, Mas., 1816-17. 

— a.tCastine, Me., 1817-19,— and Marblehead, Mas., 1819-21. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 

Civil History.— Sutler to the 5th Infantry, 1821-45. 

* Fort Gibson, on Ellis' Island, New York harbor, waa bo named to commemorate his gallant 
services. 



112 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1808-9. Class Kane. 

Military History. — Ke-appointed in the Ai-my as 

MiLiTAKT Stoke Keepee of Oednance, Dec. 31, 1845. 
Served: at Liberty Ordnance Depot, Mo., 1845-58, and at Watertown Arsenal. 
(Retieed feom AcTrvE Seetice, Nov. 29, 1861, for Disability re- 
sulting FEOM LONG AND FAITHFUL SeEVICE, AND DISEASE 
CONTRACTED IN THE LINE OF DUTY. ) 

Mas., 1858-61 ; and unemployed from Nov. 29, 1861, to Feb. 11, 1865. 
Died, Feb. 11, 1865, at Summeeville, Mas. : Aged 78. 



45. . . .(Born Vt.) SAMUEL H. HOLLEY (Ap'd Vt) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Dec. 3, 
1807, to Dec. 12, 1808, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Artilleey, Dec. 12, 1808. 
Served in gamson at Atlantic Posts, 1808-10. 

Resigned, Jan. 1, 1810. 
Ke-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Captain, 11th Infantey, Mar. 12, 1812. 
Served in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on gamson duty, 1812-13. 

Resigned, May 15, 1813. 
Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, Shoreham, Vt., 1813^0. Quartermas- 
ter-General of the State of Vermont, with the rank of Brig. -General, 1820-37. 
Member of the Executi^•e Council of the State of Vermont, 1823-28. Judge of 
Addison County Court, Vt., 1833-42. Degree of A. M., conferred by Middle- 
bury College, Vt., 1826. 

Died, Mar. 21, 1858, at Whitehall, N. Y. : Aged 76. 



GRADUATES OF 1809. 

46 (Bom N.Y.). .CHRISTOPHER VAN De VENTER (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Jan. 2, 
1808, to Jan. 9, 1809, when he was graduated and promoted in the Anny to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Jan. 9, 1809. 
Served : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1809-12 ; in the War of 1812-15 with 
(First Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Mar. 12, 1812) 
Great Biitain, as Asst. MUitary Agent, and on Staff duties in New York har- 
bor, 1812-13, — and in the Campaign of 1813 on the Niagara Frontier, being 

(Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Mar. 26, 1813 : Declined) 

engaged in the Capture of Fort George, U. C, May 27, 1813, and in the Night 

Assault at Stony Creek, U. C, June 6, 1813, where he was taken prisoner and 

confined at Quebec until 1814, when he escaped, but was recaptured on the 

(Teansfereed to Coeps of Aetillery, May 12, 1814) 

(Transferred to Major Staff— Asst. Adjutant-General, Jan. 11, 1815. 

First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, on Reduction of Arjiy, MJi.Y 17, 1815) 

Maine frontier ; and as Aide-dc-Camp to Bvt. Brig. -General Swift, 1816. 

Maj. St.\ff— Dep. Quaeteemastee-Gen. , to rank feom Mar. 26, 1813, 
in the Re-organization of the General Staff, under the Law of Apr. 24, 1816. 
Resigned, Aug. 30, 1816. 
Civil History.— Chief Clerk of the U. S. War Department, 1817-27. 
Died, Apr. 22, 1838, at Georgetown, D. C. 



U. S. MILITAEY ACADEMY. 113 



NtJMBEE. 1809. Class Rank. 



47 ... . (Born N. Y. ) . . SOLOMON G. CONKLING (Ap'd Vt. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 2, 
1808, to Jau. '2-i, 1809, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second LnsuT., Reg. of Arttlleeists. Jan. 24, 1809. 
Served in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1809-10. 

Died, Aug. 9, 1810, at Ft. McHenut, Md. 



48. . . .(Bom Mas.). . . .AUGUSTUS W. MAGEB (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy fi-om June 15, 
1808, to Jau. 24, 1809, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Reg. of Aettllerists, Jan. 24, 1809. 
Served at Atlantic Posts and on the Texas Frontier, 1809-12. 

Resigned, June 22, 1812. 
After his resignation from the U. S. Army, he entered the Patriot Army of 
Mexico as Colonel, Oct., 1812, sei-ving in the " Gachupiu War," and as Com- 
mander-in-Chief, de facto, of the " RepubUcan Army of the North," invaded 
Texas and captured Fort Bahia (Goliad, since 1829), Nov. 14, 1812, where 
were found the gnns of Louis XIV., brought to San Bamardo (Matagorda Bay\ 
by La SaUe, in 1685, when in search of the Mouth of the Mississippi River. 

Died, Mar. 10, 1813, at Ft. Bahia, Tex., 
where he was buried, during the enemy's cannonade, a 6-pounder ball lodging 
close to his grave. 



49....(BomN. Y.) MILTON HAXTUN (Ap'd N. T.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. IMihtary Academy from June 15, 
1808, to Jan. 25, 1809, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Cornet, Light Dragoons, Jan. 25, 1809. 
Served in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1809. 

Died, Dec. 29, 1809, at Carlisle, Pa. 



50. . . .(Bom Vt.) ANSON HALL (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from June 15, 
1808, to Jan. 27, 1809, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Ensign, 4th I^tfantet, Jan. 27, 1809. 
Served on the Northwestern Frontier, 1809-10. 

Resigned, Feb. 16, 1810. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 18—. 



5L. . . .(Bom N. Y.) ABRAHAM L. SANDS (Ap'd Ct.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy fro;u June 15, 
1808, to Feb. 18, 1809, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Feb. 18, 1809. 

8 



114 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1809—11. Class Rane. 

Served: in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1809-12 ; in the War of 1812-15 with 
Great Britain, on Recniiting service, 1812-13, — in garrison at Ft. Charlotte, 

(First Lieut., Eeg. of Aetillerists, Feb. 10, 1813) 
Mobile harbor, Ala., 1813-14, — in the Defense of Ft. Bowyer, Ala., Sep. 15, 

(Transferred to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814) 
1814, as Aide-de-Camp to the coramanding officer, — Attack and Capture of 
Pensacola, Fla., Nov. 7, 1814, acting as Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Jack- 
son, — and Capture of Ft. Bowyer, Sep. 10, 1815 ; on the Florida Frontier. 
1815-19, particijmting, as Battalion Adjutant of Artillery, in Major-General 
Jackson's Campaign of 1817-18 against the Seminole Indians, and his seizure 

(Captain, Corps of Artillery, Sep. 17, 1818) 
of Pensacola, Fla., May 24, 1813, being engaged in the Bombardment and 
Capture of Ft. San Carlos de Barrancas, Fla., May 26-27, 1818 ; in garrison 
at Mobile, 1819, as Acting Adjutant-General of 8th Military Department, 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1831) 
1820-21; and in garrison at Petite CoquiUe, La., 1821, — and at St. Marks 
Fla., 1821-22. 

Resigned, Nov. 1, 1823. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, Dec. 25, 1840, at New York City. 



52....(BomS. C.) THEODORE RANDELL (Ap'd S. C.) 

Militciry History.- -Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Apr. 2, 
1808, to June 28, 1809, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Reg. or Artillerists, June 28, 1809. 
Served in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1809-11. 

Resigned, Mar. 31, 1811. 
After his resignation from the U. S. Army, he served in the War of 1812-15 
with Great Britain, as Aide-de-Camp, with the rank of Major, to Major-Gen- 
eral Moore, S. C. Militia, at Haddrel's Point, Charleston harbor, S. C. 

Civil History.— Planter on Sandy River, Chester District, S. C, 1811-51. 
Aide-de-Camp to Governor Geddes, of South Carolina, with the rank of Colonel, 
1820-21. Member of the House of Representatives of the State of South 
Carohna, 1832 36. 

Died, Oct. 20, 1851, in Chester District, S. C. : Aged 60. 



GRADUATES OF 1811. 



53 . . . (Bom Pa. ) . . ALEXANDER J. WILLIAMS* (Ap'd Pa. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May ] 5, 

1805, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mae. 1, 1811. 

Sei-ved: at West Point, N. Y., 1811; and in the War of 1812-15 with Great 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1812) 

(Captain, 2d Artillery, Mar. 17, 1813) 

* Was the son of Colonel Jonathan Williams, the first Superintendent of the Military Aciidemy, 
and Chief Engineer of the U. a Army. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 115 



Number. 1811. Class Kank, 

Britain, in command of Ft. Mifflin, Pa.. 1812-14, — and in the Campaign of 
1814 ou the Niagara Frontier,* being engaged in the Defense of Ft. Erie, U. C, 
where, in a hand-to-hand encounter,! while repulsing the enemy's foui'th des- 
perate assault upon the bastion of the work, he was 

Killed, Aug. 15, 1814: Aged 24. 



54. . . .(Bom Mo.) MARIE V. BOISAXJBIN (Ap'd N. J.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 
1809, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Light Artillery, Mar. 1, 1811. 
Served : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1811-12 ; as Adjutant, Light Artil- 
( First Lieut., Light Artillery, Mar. 1, 1811) 
leiy, 1812 ; and m the War of 1812-15 ^vith Great Britain, ou the Niagara 
Frontier, being engaged in the Capture of Ft. George, U. C, May 27, 1813. 
Dled, Aug. 10, 1813, at Ft. George, U. C. 



55. . . . (Born Ct.) ADAM LARRABEE (Ap'd Ct.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy fiom Jan 18, 

1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Mar. 1, 1811. 

Served : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1811-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 

(First Lieut., Light Artillery, May 1, 1811) 

■with Great Britain, in the Campaign of 1812 on the Niagara Frontier, — in 

General Wilkinson's Campaign of 1813-14 on the St. Lawrence, being en- 

(Captain, Light Artillery, Feb. 21, 1814) 
gaged in the Attack on La Cole MiU, Mar. 30, 1814, where he was severely 
■wounded through the lungs, — and in the march of General Izard's division from 
Plattsburg to the Niagara, 1814. 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 

Civil History. — Farmer, Ledj^ard (formerly Groton), Ct, 1815-53. Mem- 
ber of the House of Kepresentatives of the State of Connecticut, 1822. Mem- 
ber of the Board of Visitors to the Mihtary Academy, 1828. Presidential 
Elector, 1840. Farmer, Windham, Ct., since 1853. 



56. . . .(Bom Me.) HENRY A. HOBART (Ap'd Me.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Jan. 20, 
1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Mar. 1, 1811. 
Served : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1811-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 
(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Aug. 15, 1811) 

• Anxious to share the honors an-i the perils of the Campaign of 1814. he solicited orders for 
the Niagara Frontier, joining the Army while yet in a state of convalescence from a danger- 
ous fovor. 

■f In tho midst of the conflict, a lighted port Are in front of the enemy enabled them to direct 
their Are with great precision upon his company. He sprang forward, cut it offwith his sword, 
and fell mortally wounded by a musket-ball— thus nobly sacrificing himself to save liis men. 



116 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1811. Class Kank. 



with Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, 1812-13, being engaged in the 
Capture of York (now Toronto), U. C, Apr. 27, 1813, — and Captm-e of Ft. 
George, U. C, May 27, 1813, where, while gallantly leading his company to 
the attack, he was 

Killed, Mat 27, 1813. 



57. . . .(BomN. Y.) THOMAS KETCHUM (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militai-y Academy from June 15, 
ISOS^ to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was gi-aduated and jjromoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Mae. 1, 1811. 
Served : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1811-12 ; and in the "War of 1812-15 
(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Sep. 1, 1811) 
(Captain, Light Artillery, Aug. 31, 1814) 
with Great Britain, being engaged in the Defense of Sackett's Harbor, N. Y. , 
May 29, 1813. 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 

Civil History.— U. S. Inspector of Customs, N. Y., 18 — to 18—, Sutler at 
West Point, N. Y., June, 1821, to Sep. -6, 1825. 

Died, 1836, at New York City. 



58. ...(Bom Vt.) JAMES D. COBB (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. MUitary Academy, from Mar. 8, 
1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Mar. 1, 1811. 
Served : on Recruiting service, 1811-13 ; and in the War of 1812-15 with 
(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Apr. 1, 1812) 
Great Britain, in garrison at Greenbush, N. Y., 1813-14. 

Discharged, by order of the President, Mar. 9, 1814. 

Civil History. — Supeiintendent of "Literary, Scientific and MiUtary Gym- 
nasium," at Georgetown, D. C, 1826-29. Counsellor at Law, Ohio, 1832-42. 
Member of the Board of Visitors to the MiUtary Academy, 1850. Special 
Agent of the U. S. Treasury Department to visit Land Offices in Arkansas, 
1851. Clerk 11 Third Auditor's Office of U. S. Treasury Department, 1851-53. 
ProfesF or of Mathematics in Franklin College, HoUy Springs, ]\Iis. , 1854, and 
in Andrew College, Trenton, Ten., 1856. President of La Grange College, 
Ala., 1857. 



59. .. vBomPa.) ARMSTRONG IRVINE (Ap'd Pa. "i 

Military History. -Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 15, 

1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Mar. 1, 1811. 

Served : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1811-12; in the "War of 1812-15 with 

(First Lieut., Light Artillery, July 6, 1812) 

Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, 1812, in the Campaign on the St. Law- 

(Captain, 42d Infantry, Oct. 1, 1813) 

rence, 1813, and with Major-General Izard's division on the march from Lake 

(Tbansferred to 4th Rifles, May, 1814) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 117 



Number. 1811. Class Bane. 

Champlaiu to the Niagara Frontier, 1814, being engaged in the Capture of Ft. 
George, U. C, May '27, 1813,— Battle of Chrystler's Field, L. C, Nov. 11, 
1813, -Tand Combat of Lyon's Creek, U. C, Oct. 19, 1814 ; in gari-ison at New- 
port, 11. I., 1815-16, — at Boston harbor, Mas., 1816; as Aide-de-Camp to 

(Captain, Light Aktilleey, on Reduction of Army, May 17, 1815) 

Major-Geueral Ripley, 1816 ; and in gan-ison at Boston harbor, Mas., 1816-17. 

Died, Jan. 15, 1817, at Ft. Warren (now Ft. Winthrop), Mas. 



60, . . .(Born D. C.) THOMAS J. BEALL* (Ap'd Md.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Mar. 6, 

1806, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut. , Reg. of Artillerists, Mae. 1, 1811. 

Served : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1811-12 ; in the War of 1812-15 with 

(First Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Mae. 3, 1813) 

Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, being engaged in the Defense of Fort 

(Captain, 4th Rifles, Mae. 17, 1814) 
Erie, U. C, Aug. 13-Sep. 17, 1814, including its Bombardment, Aug. 13-15, 
Repulse of the enemy's Assault, Aug. 15, and Sortie from it, Sep. 17, 1814 ; 
(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, to rank from Mar. 3, 1813, and 
BvT. Capt., from Mar. 17, 1814, on Reduction of Army, 
May, 17, 1815) 
in garrison at Ft. St. Philip, La., 1816-17,— and Mobile, Ala., 1817; in com- 
mand of Mihtia, at Trader's Hill, Ga., 1818 ; in garrison at Portsmouth, N. H. , 

(Captain, Corps op Artillery, Sep. 26, 1818) 
1818-20,— and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1820-21 ; on frontier duty at Sackett's 

(Capt.aen, 2d Infantry, in Re-organization of Aemy, June, 1, 1821) 

Harbor, N. Y., 1821-22,— and Sault St. Marie, Mich., 1822-25 ; on Recniiting 

service, 1825-27; and on frontier duty at Ft. Brady, Mich., 1827-28,— Ft. 

(BvT. Major, Sep. 26, 1828, for Faithful Service 

Ten Years in one Geade) 

Gratiot, Mich., 1828-29,— Ft. Winnebago, Wis., 1829-30, 1831,— and Ft. Arm- 

(Transferred to 1st Infantry, Jan. 31, 1829) 
strong. 111., 1831-32, continuing there during the "Black Hawk "War" of 
1832, against the Sac Indians. 

Died, Oct. 26, 1832, at Ft. Aemsteong, III. 



61... (Bom N. Y.) JAMES DALLIBA (Ap'dCt.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Jan. 2, 

1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Mar. 1, 1811. 

Served: in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1811-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 

with Great Britain, in Major-General Hull's Campaign of 1812 in Michigan 

Temtory, being made prisoner of war, Aug. 16, 1812, at the SuiTender of De- 

(FiEST Lieut., Reg. of Aetillerists, Mar. 3, 1813, to Jan. 6, 1815) 

(Capt. Staff — Dep. Com. of Ordnance, Aug. 5, 1813) 

(Major Staff — Asst. Com. -Gen. of Ordnance, Feb. 9, 1815) 

• Was thoson of Capt. Lloyd Beall, of the Revolutionary Army, who was wounded in the 
Battle of (Jermantown. 



118 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number 1811. Class Kane. 

troit, and after his release, Sep. 17, 1813, was on Ordnance duty till 1815. 

(Captain 1st Aettlleey, to r.\nk feom Aug. 5, 1813, and Bvt. Major 

FROM Feb. 9, 1815, in Ee-oeganization of Aemy, June 1, 1821) 

After the War with Great Britain, he continued on Ordnance dutv until he 

Kesigned, May 1, 1824. 

Civil History. — Proiirietor of Ii'on Manufactory, at Port Henrj', Lake 
Champlain, N. Y., 1824-33. 

Died, 1833. 



62 ... . (Born Vt.) GUSTAVUS LOOMIS (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 15, 

1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Keg. of Artillerists, Mae. 1, 1811. 

Served : in garrison at Ft. Columbus, New York harbor, 1811-12 ; in the 

War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in garrison in New York harbor, 1812-13. 

(FiEST. Lieut., Reg. of Aetilleeists, Mat 5, 1813) 
—and on the Niagara Frontier, 1813, being engaged in the Capture of Ft. 

(Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Qu.uitermastee-Gen. , Apr. 19, 1813) 
George, U. C, May 27, 1813, and was taken prisoner at the Surprise of Ft. 
Niagara, N. Y., Dec. 19, 1813 ; on Ordnance duty, 1815-17 ; in gan-ison at New 

(Teansfeeeed to Corps of Aetilleey, May 12, 1814) 
York harbor, 1817-19 ; on Coast Survey, 1819-20 ; on Eecruiting service 1820 ; 

(Captain, Corps of Artillery, Apr. 7, 1819) 
in garrison at Ft. Gadsden, Fla., 1820-21,— and Baton Eouge, La., 1821-25; 

(Captain, 1st Infantry, in Ee-oeganization of Aemy, June 1, 1821) 
in Creek Nation, 1825-26 ; in garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 182G-27, 
— and New Orleans, La., 1827-28; on Eecruiting service, 1828-30; in gan-ison at 
(BvT. Majoe, Ape. 7, 1829, foe Faithful Seevice 
Ten Years in One Grade) 
Ft. Cra^vford, Wis., 1830-32, and 1832-33, during the "Black Hawk " Campaign; 
on detached service, Feb. 8 to June 19, 1833 ; on Eecruiting service, 1833-34 ; 
on frontier duty at Ft. SneUing, Min., 1834-3G,— Ft. Crawford, Wis., 183fi-37, 
—and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1837 ; in the Florida War, 1837-40, 1840-41, 

(Major, 2d Infantry, July 7, 1838) 
1841-42, being engaged against the Seminole Indians in the Battle of Okee- 
cho-bee, Dec. 25, 1837 ; on frontier duty at Ft. Towsou, I. T., 1842-43,— Ft. 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Gth Infantry, Sep. 22, 1840) 
Gibson, I. T., 1843-44,— Ft. Towson, I. T., 1845-46,— and Ft. Gibson, I. T., 
1846-48 ; in the War with Mexico, 1848 ; in gariTson at Jefferson Barracks, 
Mo., 1848,— Ft. Crawford, Wis,, 1848,— and St, Louis, Mo., 1848-40; on 
frontier duty at Ft. Snelling, Min., 1849-50,— and Ft. Laramie, Dak., 1850 
as Superintendent of the General Eecmiting Service, Oct. 1, 1850, to July 15. 

(Colonel, 5th Infantry, Mae. 9, 1851) 
1851; on frontier duty at Ft. Belknap, Tex., 1852-53,— Ft. Mcintosh, Tex., 
1853 54, — and Einggold Barracks, Tex., 1854-55 ; in Florida Hostilities agains* 
the Seminole Indians, 1856-57, 1857-58 ; in command of the Department oi 
Florida, Apr. 27, 1857, to July 16, 1858 ; and absent on leave, 1858-61. 

Served : during the Eebolliou of the Seceding States, 1861-66 : in Mustering 
Connecticut and Ehode Island Volunteers into service, Apr. 18 to Aug. 19, 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 119 



Number. 1811. Class Rank. 

1861 ; as Superintendent of the General Eecruiting Service, at Ft. Columbus, 

(BvT. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, IVLut. 13, 18G5, for Long and 

Faithful Services in the Army) 

N. Y., Aug. 19, 1861, to Aug. 10, 18G4 ; and on Court Martial duty, 186^^67. 

Retired from Active Service, June 1, 1863, under the IjAW of 

July 17, 1862, " having been borne on the Army 

Register more than 45 Years." 



63. . . .(Bom Mas.) EZRA SMITH (Ap'd Vt.) 

MiUtcuy History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy fi-om June 15, 
1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Mar. 1, 1811. 
Served : in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1811-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 
(First Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, May 11, 1813, to June 9, 1814) 
(Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Apr. 19, 1813) 
with Great Britain, on Quartermaster duty, and was engaged in the Battle of 
Plattsburg, N. Y., Sep. 11, 1814. 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815, 

Civil History.— Merchant at Whitehall, N. Y., 1815-19. Postmaster at 
Whitehall. N. Y., 1819-29. Member of the House of Representatives of the 
State of New York, 1824 and 1825. U. S. Agent for impro\dng the Harbor of 
WhitehaU, N. Y., 1837-39. U. S. CoUector of Customs for the District of 
Champlain, N. Y., 1849-52. Farmer, Cambridge, Washiugton County, N. Y., 
since 1852. Postmaster at Cambridge, N. Y., since 1866. 



64. . . .(Bom Mas.) RICHARD H. ASHLEY (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military Hittory. —Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 

1809, to ]\Iar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted to the Army to 

Second Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, Mar. 1, 1811. 

Served: at Ft. Wolcott, R. L, 1811-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 with 

(Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Apr. 11, 1813) 

(First Lieut., Reg. of Artillerists, May 20 to Dec. 31, 1813) 

Great Britain, on Quartermaster duty, and in garrison at Fort Adams, New- 
port, R. L 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 
Re-appointed in the United States Army with the rani of 

Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 30, 1817. 
Sei-ved : in garrison at Detroit, Mich. , 1817 ; and on the Canada Frontier, 
1817-19. 

Resign-ed, Mar. 10, 1819. 

Civil History. — Principal of a Classical School at Canaan Four Comers, 
Columbia Countv, N. Y., 1822-56. Degree of A. M., confeiTcd bv Union Col- 
lege, N. Y., 1832'. 

Died, Feb. 16, 1856, at Canaan Four Corners, N. Y. 



120 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1811. Class Eank. 

65. . . . (Bom D. C.) . . • .HIPPOLITE H. VILLARD (Ap'cl D. C. 'i 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July D, 
1806, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Ensign, 2d Infantry, Mae. 1, 1811. 

. Served : on frontier duty in the Gulf States, 1811-12 ; in the War of 1812-15 

(Secont) Lieut., 2d Intantey, Mar. 1, 1811) 

(First Lieut., 2d Infantry, Jan. 10, 1813) 

(Captain, 2d Infantry, July 14, 1814) 

with Great Britain, on the Southern Coast, and was engaged in the Defense of 

(Captain, Corps of Artillery, on Reduction of Arky, May 17, 1815) 
Fort Bowyer, Ala., Sep. 15, 1814; and in garrison at Craney Island, Va., 
1815-16. 

Eesigned, May 13, 1816. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Deed, 18—. 



66....(BomN. K) JOHN BLISS (Ap'd N. H.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Mar. 8, 
1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Ensign, 2d Infantry, Mar. 1, 1811. 
Served: on frontier duty in the Gulf States, 1811-12 ; and in the War ol 
(Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, Mar. 1, 1811) 
(First Lieut., 2d Infantry, Jan. 20, 1813, to May 30, 1814) 
(Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quarteemaster-Gen., Apr. 25, 1813) 
1812-15 with Greak Britain, on Quartermaster duty. 
Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 

Civil History.— Merchant, Whitehall, N. Y., 1815-18. Employed, by U. S. 
Engineer Department, in the coustinaction of the defenses at Mobile Point, 
Ala. , 1818-22. Sutler at Mobile Point, Ala., 1822. 

Died, 1822, at Blakely, Ala. 



67 ... . (Born N. Y. ) . . . HENRY A. BURCHSTEAD (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Feb. 16, 

1809, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Ensign, 2d Infantry, Mae. 1, 1811. 

Served: on the Northwestern Frontier, 1811; in General Harrison's Cam- 

(Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, Mar. 13, 1811) 

paign of 1811 in Indiana Territoiy, being engaged in the Battle of Tij^pix- 

canoe, Nov. 7, 1811, where he was wounded ; on frontier duty in the Gulf 

States, 1811-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, being engaged 

(First Lieut., 2d Infantry, May 5, 1813) 
in the Campaign of 1813 against the Creek Indians, in which he was 
Killed, Nov. 30, 1813, on the Alabama Eivee. 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 121 



NuMBEB. 1811. Class Eank. 



68. . . .(Born Ct.) ORMOND MARSH (Ap'd Ct.) 

Militciry History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Dec. 3, 

1807, to MiU-. 1, 1811, when he was graduated aud promoted in the Army to 

Ensign, 1st Infantry, Mae. 1, 1811. 

Served: on the Northwestern Frontier, 1811-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 

(Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, Oct. 30, 1812) 

with Great Britain, in the Campaign of 1812 in Michigan Territory, being 

made prisoner of war at the Surrender of Detroit, Aug. 16, 1812. After his 

(First Lieut., 2d Infantry, Mae. 30, 1814) 
exchange he probably served with his regiment in the Campaign of 1814 on 
the Niagara Frontier. 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 

Civil History. — ^Unknown. 

Died, Jan. 18, 1854, at Litchfield, Ct. : Aged 66. 



69. . . . (Born N. Y.) GEORGE RONAN (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. MUitary Academy from Jan 15, 

1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Ensign, 1st Infantry, Mar. 1, 1811. 

Served: on the Northwestern Frontier, 1811-12 ; and in the War of 1812-15 

with Great Britain, being engaged in Captain Heald's desperate engagement 

near Ft. Chicago, 111., Aug. 15, 1812, with a vastly superior force of savages, 

two of whom he slew in a hand-to-hand fight, but was himself subsequently 

Killed, in the Combat, Aug. 15, 1812. 



70. . . . (Born Md.) BENJAMIN FIELD (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Jan. 2, 
1808, to Mar. 1, 1811, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Ensign, 1st Infantry, Mar. 1, 1811. 
Discontinued, June 1, 1811, "never having joined his Regiment." 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 18—. 



71. . . .(Bom Md.) JOHN J. ABERT (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Jan. 18, 1808, 
to Apr. 1, 1811, when he was graduated, and 

Resigned, Ape. 1, 1811. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law, District of Columbia, 1813,— and in Ohio, 
1814. Served as a private soldier in the District of Columbia Militia, in the 
War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, being engaged in the Battle of Bladeus- 
bmg, Md., Aug. 24, 1814. 

Military History.— Re-appointed in the U. S. Army with the rank of 

BvT. Major St.iff — Topographic.'IL Engineer, Nov. 22, 1814. 
Served: as Assistant in the Geodetic Survey of the Atlantic Coast, 1816-18; 
in maldng Reconnoisance of East River, N. Y., 1818; as Superintending Top. 



122 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1811-12. Class Eank. 

Engineei- of Surveys in Chesapeake Bay, 1818, — of Dutcli Island, &c., western 
entrance to Narragansett Bay, K. I., 1819,— of East River, N. Y., 1819,— of Fall 
River, Mas., 1819,— Louisville Canal, Ky., 1819, — of Mount Hope Bay, Newport 
Neck, &c., Narragansett Roads, R. I., 1819, — of Cox's Head, 1821, — of Chesa- 
(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Nov. 22, 1824, for Faithful Service 
Ten Yeabs in one Grade) 
peake and Ohio Canal, 182i-25,— of Patuxent River, Md., 182-4, —and in Maine, 
182G-27; in charge of Topographical Bureau at Washington, D. C, Mar. 19, 
1829, to Apr. 11, 1861, and in command of Corps of Topographical Engineers, 

(Colonel, Corps of Top. Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
July 5, 1838, to Apr. 11, 1861; as U. S. Commissioner to conduct Indian emi- 
gration to the Missouri Frontier, 1832, — and to the Creek Indians (twice), and 
Wyandottes, of Ohio, 1833-34; and as Member of the Board of Visitors to the 
U. S. Mihtai-y Academy, 1842. 

Retired from Active Service, Sep. 9, 1861, for Disability resulting 
FROM Long and Faithful Service. 

Civil History. — Member of several Scientific and Historical Associations, 
and of the Geographical Society of Paris, France. 

Died, Jan. 27, 1863, at Washington, D. C. : Aged 78. 



GRADUATES OF 1812. 



72. . . . (BornCt.) JOSEPH M. "WILCOX (Ap'd Ct.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. MiUtary Academy from June 15, 
1808, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
First Lieut., 3d Infantry, Jan. 3, 1812. 
Sei-ved in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in the Campaign of 1813-14, 
under Major-General Jackson, against the Creek Indians, and after two des- 
perate fights with the hostile savages on the Alabama River, was 

KxLLED (Tomahaavked AND Scalped), Jan. 15, 1814 : Aged, 23. * 



73. . . .(BornMo.) AUGUSTUS CONANT (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 15, 

1808, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and px'omoted in the Army to 

First Lieut., 6th Infantry, Jan. 3, 1812. 

Served in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on frontier duty, 1812. 

Resigned, Oct. 31, 1812. 

Civil History. — Unknown. Supposed to have 
Died, 18—. 

* Lieut. Wilcox was tlie son of a revolutionary ofBcor, and had only reached his 23d year 
when ho was killed. '' No person, under the same circumstances as those which preceded his 
unfortunate and untimely death, could have exhibited more skill, ju.lgmont, activity, or deter- 
mined courage. Such blood was spilt at Thermopylue." lu complimout to his daring gallantry 
a county in Alabama was named after him. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 123 



NuMBEH 1812. Class Rank. 

74. . . .(BoniVt.) LONDUS L. BUCK fApVlVt.) 

Military History. —Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Juno 1.5, 

1808, to Jan. 3, 181'2, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

FiKST Lieut., Cth Infantry, Jan. 3, 1812. 

Served in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Northern Frontier. 

(Captain, 6th Infantry, Apr. 19, 1814) 

Disbanded, June 1.5, 1815. 

Civil History.— Unknown. 

Died, 1817, at Governor's Island, New York Harbor. 



75 . . (Born N. Y) . . ALEXAISTDER R. THOMPSON * (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Nov. 21, 
1810, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
First Lieut., 6th Infantry, Jan. 3, 1812. 
Served: in the War of 1812-15 wdth Great Britain, on the Northern Fron- 
tier, 1812, — in General Willcinson's Descent of the St. Lawrence River, 1813, — 
and in the Campaign of 1813-14, on the Lake Champlain line of operations, 

(Captain, 6th Infantry, May 1, 1814) 
being engaged in the Battle of Plattsburg, N. Y., Sept. 11, 1814 ; in garrison 
at Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1815-18 ; on Recruiting service, 1818-19, in garrison at 

(Captain, 2d Infantry, on Reduction of Army, May 17, 1815) 
Sackett's Harbor, N. Y, 1819-21,— Greenbush, N. Y., 1821,— and Ft. Brady, 
Mich., 1821-23 ; on Recruiting service, 1824-25 ; on frontier duty at Ft. Niagara, 
(BvT. Major, May 1, 1824, for Faithful SEE^^CE 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
N. Y., 1825-26,— Ft. Howard, Wis., 1826,— Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1826-28,— 
and Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1828-31, 1831-32 ; on "Black Hawk Expedition," but 

(Major, 6th Infantry, Apr. 4, 1832) 
not at the seat ofwar, 1832 ; on frontier duty at Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1832-33,— 
Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1833, 1834,— and Jefferson Ban-acks, Mo., 1834; on 
Recruiting service, 1835-36 ; on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 1836, — Camp 
Sabine, La., 1836,— and Ft. Jesup, La., 1836; and in the Florida War, 1837, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 6th Infantry, Sep. 6, 1837) 
being engaged against the Seminole Indians at the Battle of Okee-cho-bee. 
where, at the head of his regiment, in a desperate charge, he was 
Killed, Dec. 25, 1837. t 



76 . . .(BornN. Y.) JOHN R. BELL (Ap'd N. Y, 

Militcuy History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 15, 
1808, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Light Auttlleey, Jan. 3, 1812. 

* Was the son of Captain Alexander Thompson, of the regiment of Artillerists and Engineers 
in 1794. 

f " Although," in the language of the ofTicial despatch, " he received two balls from the fire 
of the enemy oarly in the action, which wounlcd him severely, yet he appeared to disregard 
them, and continued to give his orders with the same cookioss that ho would have done had 
his resiment been under review, or any other parade duty. Advancing, he receivoa a third 
ball, which at onco deprived him of life : his Last words were, ' Keep steady, men ; charge the 
hammock — remember the regiment to which you belong.' " 



124 GRADUATES OF THE 



NxJMBEE. 1812. Class Kank. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, and was engaged in the 
(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Aug. 24, 1812) 
Campaign of 1812 on the Niagara Frontier, — in 1813 on the St. Lawi-ence 
River, participating in the Capture of Ft. George, U. C, May 27, 1813, — and 

(JLiJOR Staff — Asst. Inspector-General, July 29, 1813) 

in 1814, with the division of General Izard ; in garrison at Castiae, Me., 

(Captain, Light Artillery, Oct. 10, 1814) 

(CoL. Staff — Inspector-General, Oct. 28, 1814) 

1815-16, — and at Boston harbor, Mas., 1816-18; as Superintendent of the 

Recruiting Service, 1818 ; in garrison at Boston harbor, Mas., 1818-19 ; at the 

Mihtaiy Academy, as Commandant of Cadets and Instructor of Infantry 

Tactics, Feb. 8, 1819, to Mar. 17, 1820 ; on special duty in Missouri, 1820-21 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(BvT. Major, Oct. 10, 1824, for Faithful Service 

Ten YE.ARS in one Grade) 

and in garrison at Savannah harbor, Ga., 1822-24, — and Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 

1824. 

Died, Apr. 11, 1825. 



77. . . .(Born Ct.) FRANCIS B. MURDOCK (Ap'd Ct ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 15 

1808, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Jan. 3, 1812. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, 

(First Lieut. , Light Artillery, Aug. 24, 1812) 

1812-13, being engaged in the Capture of Ft. George, U. C, May 27, 1813,— 

on the St. Lawrence River, 1813-14, — on Recruiting service, 1814, — and with 

Gen. Izard's division, 1814. 

Resigned, Jan. 1, 1815. 
Re-appointed in the United States Army with the rank of 
Second IjIeut. , 1st Infantry, Feb. 19, 1817, 
but performed no duty before he 

Resigned, Nov. 1, 1817. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 18 — , in Brooklyn, Ct. 



78. . . .(Bom Mas.) GEORGE TEMPLEMAN (Ap'd D. C.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 10, 
1808, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Jan. 3, 1812. 
Served in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in garrison at Ft. Adams, 
R. L.and at Greanbush, N. Y., 1812. 

Resigned, Nov. 1, 1812. 
Re-appointed in the United States Army with the rank of 
First Lieut., 2Gth Infantry, Apr. 21, 1814. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 125 



NuMBEK. 1812. Class Bank. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on Recruiting service, 
(Captain, 26th Infantry, Nov. 15, 1814) 
1814, — and in garrison at Pea Patch Island, Del., 1814-15. 
Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 
Ee-appoiuted in the United States Ai-my with the rank of 

Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, Mar. 17, 1819. 
Served on Commissai-y duty in New York city, 1819-20, until he was 
Dropped, Dec. 27, 1820. 

Civil History. — Clerk in the Surgeon-General's Office, at Washington, D. C, 
1818-19. Bookseller, Washington, D. C, 1831-52. 

Died, Feb., 1852, at Georgetown, D. C. 



79 . . (Bom Va.) THOMAS B. RANDOLPH (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Oct. 14, 

1808, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Light Artilleky, Jan. 3, 1812. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in the Campaign of 1812-13, 

on the Niagara Frontier, as Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Lewis, and in the 

(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Jan. 20, 1813) 
Campaign of 1813-14 on the St. Lawrence Eivei-, as Aide-de-Camp to Brig.- 
General Covington being engaged in the Battle of Queenstown Heights, U. C. , 
in command of the Advance-guard which stormed and carried the Redan, Oct. 
13, 1812,— Capture of Fort George, U. C, May 27, 1813,— Action at Forty-mile 

(Captain, 20th Infantry, Apr. 5, 1813) 
Creek, U. C, June 8, 1813 (A. D. C. to Major-General Lewis, commanding), 
— Occuisation of Fort Matilda, U. C, 1813, — and Action at Hoop-pole Creek 
on the St. Lawi-ence River, L. C, Nov. 11, 1813. 

Resigned, Feb. 6, 1815. 

Civil History.— Planter, near Front Royal, Warren County, Va., 1839-46. 
Colonel of Cavalry, Va. Militia, 1822-29,— and Brig. -General, 1829-34. 

Military History. — Served in the War with Mexico, as 

Lieut. -Colonel, 1st Va. Volunteers, Jan. 7, 1847, to July 20, 1848. 

Civil History.— Planter near Front Royal, Va., 1848-59, and near Wentz- 
viUe, St. Charles County, Mo., since 1859. 



80. . . .(Bom Me.) WILLIAM F. HOBART (Ap'd Me.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. MiUtary Academy from Feb. 16, 

1809, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Jan. 3, 1812. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, 

(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Apr. 5, 1813) 

being engaged in Capture of Fort George, U. C, May 27, 1S13, — and onlnspec- 

(Majoe Staff — Asst. iNSPEOxoB-GENEKAii, JuiiY 27, 1814) 



126 GEADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1812. Class Rank. 

tion dutj-, 1814-15; in garrison at Newport, R. I., 1815-17, —at Boston harbor, 

(Captain, Light Aiitilleky, Jan. 1, 1817) 

(Captain, -Ith Ajittlleky, in Ke-ouganization of Aemy, June 1, 1821) 

(Transferred, Oct. 10, 1822, to 2d Infantet) 

Mas., 1817-21; and on leave of absence, 1821-23. 

Resigned, Jan. 25, 1823. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 1825, at New York City. 



81. . . .(Bom S. C.) WILLIAM SUMTER (Ap'd S. C. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Jan. 18, 

1810, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Jan. 3, 1812. 

Serred: in the War of 1812-15 \nth. Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, 

(First Lieut., Light Artillery, May 27, 1813) 

1812-13, and on the St. Lawi-ence River, 1813-14, being engaged in the Cap- 

tui-e of Fort George, U. C, May 27, 1813; on Recruiting service, 1815-17; in 

(First Lieut., 1st Infantry, on Reduction of Army, May 17, 1815) 
garrison at Baton Rouge, La., 1817; and on frontier duty at Natchitoches, 

(Captain 1st Infantry, May 31, 1817) 
La., 1817. 

Resigned, July 1, 1818. 

Civil History,— Counsellor at Law, South Carolina, 1818-26. 
Died, 1826, in South Oakolina. 



82. . . .(Bom Vt.) GEORGE W. HIGHT (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 20, 
1807, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, J.vn. 3, 1812. 
Served: in the War of 1812-15 %vith Great Britain, on the Northern Fron- 
tier, 1812-13, on the St. La\\T:ence River, 1813-14, and on the Niagara Frontier, 

(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Aug. 10, 1813) 
1814, being engaged at the Capture of York (now Toronto), U. C, Apr. 27, 

(IVIajor Staff — Asst. Inspector-General, July 17, 1814) 
1813,— Capture of Ft. George, U. C, May 27, 1813,— and Battle of Niagara, 
U. C, July 25, 1814. Retained as 

First Lieut, Light Artillery, on Reduction of Army, May 17, 1815, 
but decUned remaining in service. 

Civil History. Merchant, Greenville, Ohio, 1817-25,— at Quincy, III, 
1829-35,— and at Burlington, Wis., 1835-44. Brig. -General, Ohio Militia, 
1820-23, and Major-General, 1823-25. Postmaster, Atlas, III, 1826-29. County 
Commissioner of Adams Co., 111., 1831-34, — and of Des Moines Co., Wis., 
1838^0. 

Deed, Ape. 20, 1845, at Burlington, Io. : Aged 58. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 127 



NuMBEK. 181:2. Class Rank. 



83.... (Bom N. Y.) JOHN S. BRUSH (Ap'd Ct.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Jan. 13, 

1808, to Jiiu. '3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Eeg. of Akttlleelsts, Jan. 3, 1812. 

Served in the War of 1812-15 with Great Biitarn, on the Chahnette, La. 

(Flbst Lieut., Keg. of Arttlleeists, June 20, 1813) 

(Tk-insfeeked to Coeps of Aktilleey, IVIay 12, 1814) 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 

Civil History. — Planter in Louisiana since 1815. 



84. . . .(Bom N. Y.). NATHANIEL "W. OSGOOD (Ap'd Ct.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 15, 
1808, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted iii the Army to 
Second Lieut., Eeg. of Aetilleeists, Jan. 3, 1812. 
Sei-ved in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in gan-ison at Gulf 
Posts, 1812. 

Died, Oct. 30, 1812, at Pass Christian, La. 



85.... (Born N. Y.) GEORGE MORLEY (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militai-y Academy from Oct. 5, 
1808, to Jan. 3, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, Jan. 3, 1812. 
Served in the War of 1812-15 -with Great Britain, on the Southern Fron- 
(FiEST Lieut., 3d Infantry, Afb. 24, 1812) 
tier, 1812-13. 

Died, Sep. , 1813, at New Orleans, La. 



86. . (Bom Mas.) . .ALEXANDER C. W. FANNING (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 
1809, to Mar. 12, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Axmy to 
FiRST Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 6, 1812. 
Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, 
(Captain, 3d Artilleey, Mae. 13, 1813. ) 
1812-13, on the St. Lawrence, 1813-14, and Campaign of 1814 on the Niagara 
Frontier, being engaged in the Captm-e of York (now Toronto ^ U. C, Apv. 27, 
1813, whei-e he was severely wounded by the explosion of the enemy's maga- 
zine, —Defense of Sackett's Harbor, May, 29, 1813,— Repulse of British Flotilla 
at the mouth of French Creek, U. C, Nov. 1-2, 1813.— Capture of Ft. Erie, 
U. C, July 3, 1814,— and Defense of Ft. Erie, U. C, Aug. 13-Sept. 17, 1814, 
including its Bombardment, Aug. 13-15, Repulse of the enemy's Assault, 
Aug. 15, and Sortie from it, Sept. 17, 1814, which compelled the raising of the 
(BvT. Major, Aug. 15, 1814, foe Gallant Conduct in the 
Defense of Ft. Erie, U. C. ) 
siege ; on the Florida Fi-ontier, 1815 19, participating in Major-General Jat-!;- 
son's Campaign of 1817-18 against the Seminole Indians, and Captui-e of St. 



128 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEE. 1812. Class Eank. 

iM;iiks, Fla., Apr. 7, 1818, aud was the Provost Marshal at the execution of 
Arlnithnot and Ambrister, British subjects, Apr. 29, 1818 ; in command of Ft. 
8t. Marks, Fla., 1819-20,— and Ft. Gadsden, Fla., 182U-22 ; in garrison at De- 

(Captain, 2d Aetellekt, in Ke-oeganization of Aemt, June 1, 1821) 

troit, Mich., 1822-23,— Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1823,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 

1823-24, — Ft. Monroe, Va. (Acting Major of the Artillery School for Practice), 

i^BvT. Lieut. -Col., Aug. 15, 1824, foe Faithful Seevice 

Ten Yeaes in one Geade) 

1824:-25,— Ft. Delaware, Del., 1825-27,— Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1827-32,— Ft 

(Majok, 4:TH Aetelleey, Nov. 3, 1832) 
Columbus, K Y., 1833-34,— Ft. Monroe, Va., 1834-35,— and Ft. King, Fla., 
1835 ; in the Florida War, 1835-36, against the Seminole Indians, being en- 
gaged in command at the Combat of Withlacoochie, Dec. 31, 1835 ; in gar- 
rison at Ft. TrumbuU, Ct., 1836 ; in the Florida War, 1836-38, against the 
Seminole Indians, being engaged in the Defense of Ft. Mellon, Feb. 8, 1837 ; in 
(BvT. Colonel Dec. 31, 1835, foe G-^llant and Meeitoeious Conduct 
IN THE Battle near the Withlacoochee, undee General Clinch ; 
AND IN the Defense of Ft. Mellon, Fla. ) 
garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1838 ; in the Florida War, 1838-39 ; in gar- 

(LiEUT. -Colonel, 4Tn Aetilleey, Sep. 16, 1838) 
rison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1839 ; at the Camp of Instniction, near Trenton, 
N. J., 1839 ; on the Northern Frontier, 1840-41, during Canada Border dis- 

(Teansfeeeed to 2d Aetilleey, May 24, 1841) 
turbances, at Detroit, Mich., 1840-41, and Buffalo, 1841 ; in garrison at Ft. 
Monroe, Va., 1841,— Ft Columbus, N. Y., 1841-42,— Ft Adams, R. L, 1842-43, 
—Ft Hamilton, N. Y, 1843, 1844, and 1845 ; and as Superintendent of 
Recruiting Service, Western Department, May 26 to Aug. 12, 1846. 
Deed, Aug. 18, 1846, at Cincinnati, 0. 



87. . . .(Bom Pa.) "WILLIAM CUTBUSH (Ap'd Pa.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 15, 

1808, to Mar. 27, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineees, Mae. 27, 1812. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Asst Engineer on the 

(FiEST Lieut., Coeps of Engineees, July 1, 1812) 

defenses of New York harbor ; and as Asst. Engineer in the construction and 

(Captain, Coeps of Engineees, Sep. 17, 1814) 
repairs of the Fortifications in the Delaware, 1816-17. 
Resigned, Oct. 1, 1817. 

Civil History.— Employed in the service of the United States at Ft Adamfl^ 
1\. I., 1826, — and upon the Fortifications in New York harbor, 1829-55. 
Died, Feb. 15, 1855, at Ft. Schuyler, N. Y. 



88 . . .(Born N. J.) WILLIAM W. SMITH (Ap'd N. J.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. MiUtaiy Academy from Apr. 14, 
1809, to June 1, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Artilleky, June 1, 1812. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 129 



Number. 1812. Class Rank. 



Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, 
1812-13, and in the Campaign on the St. Lawrence River, 1813, being engaged 

(First Lieut. , Light Artillery, Oct. 1, 1813) 
in the Capture of Ft. George, U. C, May 27, 1813, and Defense of its Out- 
posts, Aug. 2-1, 1813,— and Battle of Chrystler's Field, U. C, Nov. 11, 1813, 
where he was mortally wounded, while gallantly serving, %vith his own hands, 
a piece of artilleiy under his command. * 

Died of Wounds, Dec. 3, 1813, at Ft. Pkescott, U. C. 



89. . . . (Bom N. Y.) RENE E. DE RUSSY (Ap'dK Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Mar. 20, 
1807, to Juuu 10, 1812, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Corps of Engineers, June 10, 1812. 
First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 6, 1812. 
Seiwed: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Asst. Engineer in con- 
structing defenses at New York and Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1812-13, in the 
Campaign on the St. Lawrence River, 1813-14, and in militaiy operations on 
Lake Champlain, 1814, being engaged in the Repulse of the British Flotilla at 
the mouth of French Creek, N. Y., Nov. 1-2, 1813,— Battle of Chrystler's 
Field, U. C, Nov. 11, 1813,— Attack on La Cole Mill, Mar. 30, 1814,— Battle 
(Btt. Captain, Sep. 11, 1814, for Gallant Conduct at the Battle 
OF Plattsburgh, N. Y. ) 
of Plattsburgh, N. Y., Sep. 11, 1814, — and as Chief Engineer (after the defeat 
of Governor Provost) of General Macomb's division on Lake Champlain; as 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Feb. 9, 1815) 
Asst. Engineer in the construction of fort at Rouse's Point, N. Y., 1816-18, — 
and of the defenses of New Y''ork harbor, 1817-18 ; as Superintending Engineer of 
the repau'S and construction of fortifications. New York harbor, 1818-21, — of 
defensive works on the Gulf of Mexico, 1821-25, — and of the fortifications of 
(Bvt. Major, Sep. 11, 1824, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
New York harbor, 1825-33; as Superintendent of the U. S. MiUtaiy Academy, 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, Dec. 22, 1830) 

July 1, 1833, to Sep. 1, 1838; as Superintending Engineer of the construction 

(Bvt. Lieut. -Col., June 30, 1834, for Faithful Service 

AND Meritorious Conduct) 

of Fts. Monroe and Calhoun, Hampton Roads, Va., 1838-54, — of the defenses 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Dec. 7, 1838) 
at the entrance of San Francisco harbor, Cal., 1854-57, — of fort on Sandy 
Hook, N. J., 1857,— and of Fts. Calhoun and Monroe, Va., 1857-61; in gen- 
eral charge of Harbor Improvements in Delaware Bay, 1838-39, — defenses of 
Chesapeake and Delaware Bays, and their tributaries, 1838-42,— and River 
Improvements in Virginia, 1853-54, and 1857-61; on Board of Engineers for 
Atlantic Coast Defenses, Oct. 23, 1848, to Sep. 2, 1854, and from Feb. 21, 1857, 

* " The Battle," says the official despatch of General Wilkinson, " fluctuated, and the triumph 
seemed, at difrei-ent times, inclined to the contending corps ; the front of the enemy were, at. 
first, forced back more thun a mile, and, though they never regained the ground they lost, 
their stand was permanent, and their charges resolute. Amidst these charges, and near the 
close of the contest, we lost a fill 1 piece, by the fall of the officer who was serving it, with the 
same coolness as if he had been at a parade or review ; this was Lieutenant Smith, of the 
Light Artillery, who, in point of merit, stood at the head of his grade." 



130 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK. 1812-13. Class Eank. 



to Jan. 2, 1861, — for Eiver and Harbor Improvements, Sep. 16, 1852, to Sep. 2, 
1854,— for Pacific Coast Defenses, Sep. 2. 1854, to Feb. 21, 1857,— for fori 
on Ship Island, Mis., 1857, — and for the examination of Potomac Aqueduct, 
1860; and in command of the Corps of Engineers at headquarters in Wash- 
ington, D. C, Dec. 22, 1858, to Jan. 2, 1861. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: as Superin- 
tending Engineer of the constmction of the fortifications of San Francisco 
harbor, Cal., Nov. 7, 1861, to Nov. 23, 1865, — and in general super\'ision ol 

(Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863) 

the defenses of the Pacific Coast, Mar. 20, 1863, to Nov. 23, 1865 ; and as 

(BvT. Brig. -General U. S. Arjiy, JVL^r. 13, 1865, for Long and 

Faithful Services in the Army) 

President of the Board of Engineers for devising projects and alterations at Ft 

Point, and Land Defenses at San Francisco, Cal. , Aug. 9, to Dec. 3, 186-1 

Died, Nov. 23, 1865, at San Francisco, Cal. : Aged 75. * 



GEADUATES of 1813. 



90. . . .(Born S. C.) GEORGE TRBSCOT (Ap'd S. C.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. MUitarj- Academy from Mar. 11, 

1813, to Oct. 16, 1813, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 10, 1813. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in the Campaign of 

1813-14, on the St. Lawrence River, and in 1814, on Lake Champlain, being 

engaged in the Battle of Chrystler's Field, U. C, Nov. 11, 1813, — Battle of 

Plattsburg, N. Y., Sep. 11, 1814, — and as Asst. Engineer in fortifying the 

(BvT. First Lieut., Sep. 11, 1814, for Gallant Conduct in the 

Battle of Plattsburg, N. Y. ) 

camps, for the winter quarters of the Northern Army, 1813-14; as Superin- 

(FiRST Lieut. , Corps of Engineers, Feb. 9, 1815) 
tending Engineer of the repairs of the South Carolina and Georgia Coast 
Defenses, 1816-18; and as Asst. Engineer in the construction of the fortifica- 
tions on the Gulf of Mexico, 1818-19. 

Eesigned, Mar. 31, 1819. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer and Rice Planter on Cooper River, near 
Charleston, S. C, 1819-27. 

Died, May 12, 1827, at Pine Eidge, St. John's Parish, S. C. 

* General Halleck, commanding ihe Division of the Pacific, in directing military honors to be 
paid to his memory, says : 

■" General Du Russy was many years Superintendent of the Military Academy, often served 
as a member of the Board of Engineers, and was several timos Acting Chief Engineer of the 
Army. At the time of his death ho was in charge of the fortifications on the Pacific Coast. 
He was the oldest graduate of the Military Academy iu active service, and one of the last of 
the heroes of the War of 1812. 

" Of great kindness of heart, and possessing most urbane and polished manners, ho was 
endeared to a largo circld of friends, and the surviving graduates of the Military Academy who 
were educated under his superintendence, will chorisb his memory as tliat of the kindest of 
fathers. By his strict integrity in the expenditure of many millions of public money, his faith- 
ful discharge of every duty of ofQce and of life, and his unsulliod honor, he has left an example 
moBt worthy of imitatioD." 



U. S. MILITAIIY ACADEMY. 131 



Number. 1814. Class Bakk. 



GRADUATES OF 1814. 



91. . .(Bom D. C). . .GEORGE W. GARDINER (Ap'd D. C.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 2, 

1812, to Mar. 11, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., I.st Aktillery, Mae. 11, 1814. 

Served : in the War of 1812 -15 with Great Britain, in gamson at Ft. Colum 

bus, N. Y., 1814-15; at Portsmouth, N. H., 1815-16; at the Mihtary Acade- 

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, May 1, 1814) 

(Transferred to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814) 

my 1816-20, as Adjutant, Oct. 12, 1816, to Sep. 15, 1817, and from Feb. 10, 

1819, to Mar. 9, 1820, — as Commandant of Cadets and Instructor of Infantry 

Tactics, Sep. 15, 1817, to Apr. 2, 1818. — and as Instructor of Artillei-y, 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818) 
Sep. 15, 1817, to Feb. 1, 1820; in garrison at New York harbor, 1820; on 
Commissaiy duty, 1820-21; in garrison at Ft. Mifilin, Pa., 1821-24,— Ft. Del- 

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

aware, Del., 1824-27, — and Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1827-30; in Cherokee Nation, 

(Byt. Captain, Apr. 20, 1828, for Faithful Seeyice 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

1830-31; in gamson at Ft. Marion, Fla., 1831-32,— and Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 

1832-33; in Cherokee Nation, 1833; in gamson at Ft. Mitchell, Ala., 1833-34,— 

(Captain, 2d Artillery, Nov. 3, 1832) 
Ft. Jackson, La., 1834,— Covington, La., 1834,— Ft. Jackson, La., 1834-35,— 
and Ft. Pickens, Fla., 1835; and in the Florida War, 1835, being engaged in 
Dade's desperate Battle ■with the Seminole Indians, where "the whole com- 
mand, save three, feU without an attempt to retreat. " 

Killed, at Dade's Massacpj;, Fla., Dec. 28, 1835.* 



92. . . .(Born N. Y.). . .CHARLES S. MERCHANT (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. JMilitary Academy from Sep. 7, 

1812, to Mar. 11, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., 1st Artillery, M.ar. 11. 1814. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in garrison in New York 

(Second Lieut., 1st Artilleey, May 1, 1814) 

(Tbansfeeeed to Corps of Aetilleet, Mat 12, 1814) 

♦ General Hitchcock, who passed over the battle groiintl, Fob. 22, 1836, reports : "Along the 
north and west liicHS of the triangular breastwork, forraod by felled trees, were about thirty 
bodies, mere skeletons, although much of tlie clothing was left npou them. They were lying, 
almost every one of them, in precisely the position they mui5t have occupied durius,' the light— 
their heads next to the logs over which they had delivered their Are, and their bodies stretched 
with striking regularity, parallel to each other. They had evidently been shot dead at their 
posts, and the Indians had not disturbed them, except by taking the scalps of mo.-;t of them. 
* * * The advanced guard, doubtless, fell during the fl,st attick. It was during a cessation 
of fire, that the little band still remiiuiug, about thirty in number, thiew up the triangular 
breastwork, which, from the haste with which it w;is constructed, was necoscarily defective, 
and could not protect the men iu the second attack." 

The action laste I irom 8 a. m. to 4 p m. Thj U. S. troops amounted to 108, and the savage 
foe to 800 Seminole Indians, and 100 negroes. While a man could load a musket, the firing w.as 
continued. — Captain GARniNKR, next to the Ixst surviving officer, fell, pierced by five or six 
Shots, his mortal wound being in the breast. 

A beautiful monument, of white Italian marble, was erected at West Point, to "Daob aud ma 
Command." 



132 GKADXJATES OF THE 



Number. 1814. Class Rank. 

harbor, 1814, — on Recruiting service, 1814, — and in garrison at Ft. Tnimtnll, 
Ct., 1814-15 ; in garrison at Ft. TnimbuU, Ct, 1815-16,— Pittsfield, Mas., 
1816,— Castine, Me., 1816-17,— and Portsmouth, N. H., 1817-18,— Eastport, 

(First Leeut., Corps of Artillery, Ape. 20, 1818) 
Me., 1818,— Portsmouth, N. H., 1818-21,— Plattsburg, N. Y., 1821-24,— and 
Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1824 ; on Ordnance duty, July 6 to Sep. 18, 1824; in gar- 

(FiEST Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, JuneI. 1821) 
rison at Pittsburg Arsenal, Pa., 1824-26,— Ft. Monroe, Va. ^ vrtiUery School 
for Practice), 1826-28,— Savannah, Ga., 1828-29, 1829-30,- Augusta Arsenal, 
(BvT. Capt., Apr. 20, 1828, foe Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
Ga., 1830,— Savannah, Ga., 1830-31,— Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1831,— Savannah, 
Ga., 1831-33,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1833,— and Savannah, Ga., 1833-35; in the 

(Captain, 2d Artillery, Nov. 17, 1834) 
Florida War, 1836, and 1837-38 ; on the Northern Frontier, durmg Canada 
Border disturbances, at Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1838-39,— Buffalo, N. Y., 1839,— 
and Ft. Niagara, N. Y, 1839-41 ; in garrison at Ft. Lafayette, N. Y., 1841-42. 
—Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1842,— Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 1842-46,— Ft. Adams, R. I., 
181:6, — and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1846-47 ; in the Mexican War, in command 
of Ft. Brown, Tex., 1847^8 ; on Recraiting service, 1848 ; in garrison at Ft. 
Johnston, N. C, 1848-49 ; on sick leave of absence, 1849-50 ; on fi-ontier duty 

(Major, 3d Aetillery, Feb. 14, 1849) 
at San Diego, Cal., 1850-51,— and San Francisco, Cal., 1851-52 ; in gandson at 
Fort Preble, Me., 1853 ; on board steamer San Francisco 1853-54, when the 
wreck of the vessel compelled his return to New York ; awaiting orders, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 3d Artillery, June 10, 1857) 
1854-57 ; on frontier duty at Beuicia, and San Francisco, Cal., 1857-61. 
Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66 : in command 
(Colonel, 4th Aetilleey, Aug. 28, 1861) 
of Ft. Washington, Md., 1861-63,— and of Ft. Wood, Bedloe's Island, N. Y., 
(Retired from Active Service, Aug. 1, 1863, under the Law of 
July 17, 1862, "having been borne on the Army 
Register more than 45 Years") 
1863-66 ; and on Court Martial duty, Oct. 9, 1866, to 

BvT. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Long and 
Faithful Services in the Army. 



93 ...(Bom Mas.) ....NATHANIEL G. DANA (Ap'dMas.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 12, 

1812, to Mar. 11, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., 1st Aetillery, Mar. 11, 1814. 

Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in garrison at Ft. Adams, 

R. I., 1814-15 ; in garrison at Portland, Me., 1815-18 ; on Ai-tilleiy Staff at 

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, May 1, 1814) 

(Transferred to Corps of Arttlleey, May 12, 1814) 

Portsmouth, N. H., as Battalion Adjutant of Artillery, Apr. 1, 1818, to June 1, 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818) 

1819, and Quartermaster, June 1, 1819, to June 1, 1820 ; and in gan-ison at Ft. 

Sullivan, Me., 1821-22,— Ft. Preble, Me., 1822-25,- Ft. Wolcott, R. I., 1825 26. 

(First Lieut., Ist Artillery, in Re-organization or Army, 

June 1, 1821) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 133 

NuMBEB. 1814. Class Eank. 

— Ft. Independence, Mas., 1826, — Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Prac- 

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Sep. 15, 1825) 
tice), 1826-28,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1828,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School 
for Practice), 1828-32,— and Ft. McHenry, Md., 1832-33. 

Died, Feb. 4, 1833, at Foht McHenky, Md. 



94. . . .(Bom Scotland) JOHN MUNROE (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 12, 

1812, to Mar. 11, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thlrd Lieut., 1st Aetllleey, Mak. 11, 1814. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on duty at Ft. Independ- 

(Second Lieut., 1st Aktilleky, May 1, 1814) 

(Transfekeed to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814) 

ence, Mas., 1814-15; in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1815-19, — Mobile, 

Ala., 1819-21,— Ft. Wood, N. Y., 1821,— Femandina, Fla., 1821-22,— Tybee 

(First Lieut., Corps of Aetilleey, Apr. 20, 1818) 

(First Lteut., 4th Ajrtillery, in He-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

Island, Ga., 1822-24,— Savannah, Ga., 1824-25,— St. Augustine, Fla., 1825-26, 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, Mar. 2, 1825) 
—Savannah, Ga., 1826-27,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1827-28,— Ft. Monroe, Va. 
(Artillery School for Practice), 1828-30,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1830-31,— and 
Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1831-32; on the "Black Hawk 
Expedition," 1832, but not at the seat of war; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. 
(Artillery School for Practice), 1832, —Charleston harbor, S. C, 1832-33, 
during South Carolina's threatened nulhfication, — and at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 
1833-34; on Kecruiting service, 1834; in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 
1834-35,— Ft. Lafayette, N. Y., 1835-36; in operations in Creek Nation, 1836; 
in the Florida War, 1836-38; in the Cherokee Nation, 1838, while emigrating 
(BvT. Major, Feb. 15, 1838, for Conduct Uniformly Meritorious 
AND Efficient during three Campaigns against the 
Florida Indians) 
the Indians to the West; in the Florida War, 1838-39; in garrison at Ft. Colum- 
bus, N. Y., 1839; at the Camp of Instruction, near Trenton, N. J., 1839; on 
the Northern Frontier, during the Canada Border disturbances, at Cleve- 
land, O., 1839-41,— and Oswego, N. Y., 1841-42; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, 
Va., 1842-43; on Artillery Tactics Board, June 17 to Nov. 30, 1843; in garrison 
at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1843-45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845-46; in the 

(Major, 2d Artillery, Aug. 18, 1856) 

Mexican War, 1846-48, being engaged in the Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 

(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious 

Conduct in the several Conflicts at Monterey, Mex. ) 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 4th Artillery, Nov. 11, 1846) 

1846,— Battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 22-23, 1847,— and as Chief of Artillery of 

(BvT, Colonel, Feb. 23, 1847, foe Gallant and Meritorious 

Conduct in the B.^ttle of Buena Vista, jVIex. ) 

the Army commanded by Bvt. Maj. -General Taj-^lor, July 8, 1846, to Nov. 25, 

1847; in garrison at Ft. Colauibus,'N. Y, 1848,— and Ft. Marion, Fla., 1848-49; 

as Military and Civil Governor of New Mexico, Ojt. 23, 1849, to July 19, 1851. 

hcadquiirters at Santa Fe, N. Jl. ; in garrison at Ft. Moni-oe, Va., 1851, — Ft. 

Moultrie, S. C, 1852,— and Ft. McHenry, Md., 1852-53; in command of the 



134 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK. 1814. Class Eank. 

Department of Florida, Sep. 2(5, 1853, to Nov. 21, 1856; on leave of absence, 

1856-58; in command of the Department ot the Platte, headquarters at Ft 

Kandall, Dak., July 18, 1858, to Jan. 10, 1861; and on leave of absence, 1861. 

Died, Apk. 26, 1861, at New Beunswick, N. J. 



95 . . .(Born N. Y.) JOHN S. ALLAN30N (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 24, 1812, 

to Mar. 11, 181-4, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thied Lieut., 1st Abtilleky, Mae. 11, 1814. 

Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on Recniiting sei-vice, 

(Second Lieut., 1st Aetllleey, May 1, 1814) 

(Teansfeeeed to Coeps of Aetilleey, May 12, 1814) 

1814-15 ; as Aide-de-Camp to Brig. -General MiUer, Aug. 18, 1816, to Apr. 17, 

1818; in garrison at Portsmouth, N. H., as BattaUon Adjutant of Ai-tillery, 

(FiEST Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleey, Ape. 20, 1818) 
June 1, 1818, to Apr. 20, 1820. 

Kesigned, Ape. 20, 1820. 

Civil History. — Unknown. Supposed to have 

Died, 18—. 



96. . . .(Born N. Y.) . . . .LEWIS G. DE RUSSY (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Apr. 14, 
1813, to Mar. 11, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., 1st Aetilleey, Mae. 11, 1814. 
Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Acting Asst. Engi- 
neer in erecting temporary defenses for New York city and envii'ons ; in gar- 
(Second Lieut., 1st Aetilleey, jVIay 1, 1814) 
(Tkansfeeeed to Coeps of Aetilleey, May 12, 1814) 
rison in New York harbor, 1815-16 ; as Battalion Adjutant of Artilleiy, Nov. 1, 
1816, to May 20, 1819 ; as Surveyor and Topographer of Commission to estab- 

(FiEST Lieut., Cokps of Aetilleey, May 20, 1818) 
lish the Northern Boundary of the United States, under the Treaty of Ghent, 
1819-21 ; in gamson at Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1821 ; on Topographical duty, 

(FiEST Lieut., 3d Aetilleey, in Re-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
Jan. 14, 1822, to May, 1824 ; in garrison at Ft. Mom-oe, Va. (Artillery School 
for Practice), 1824 ; on Topographical duty, June 4, 1824, to Dec. 11, 1825 ; 

(Captain, 3d Aetilleey, Dec. 11, 1825, to Oct. 1, 1826) 
in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1825-26 ; and 

(Majoe St.uff — Paymaster, Sep. 21, 1826) 
as Paymaster for the Red River Posts, 1826-42. 

Dropped, July 28, 1842, under 3d Sec. of Law of Jan. 31, 1823. * 

Civil History.— Planter, Natchitoches, La., 1842-46. 

* The Prcsideut, " upon full consitioration of liis case, thinking ho had been too rigidly 
doill by," directed, Nov. '28, 1844, that " he bo restored to his original rank and position npon 
the happening of the first vacancy " of which none occurred before the expiration of hia 
adtninistratioa 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 135 



Number 1814. Class Rank. 



Military History. — Served iu the War with Mexico at Tampioo, Mex. , 
(Colonel, 1st Louisiana Volunteers, Dec. 26, 184(3) 
181G 48, when he completed the defenses of the place, opened a new channel 
to the Tamessie liivcr, held various civil offices, and was engaged in the Com- 
bat of Callabosa lliver, July 12, 18-17, and Skirmish of Tantayuka, July 13, 1847. 
Disbanded, July 10, 1848. 

Civil History. — Planter, Natchitoches, La., 1848-61. Civil Engineer, 
1848-61, employed in the improvement of the Navigation of the Red liiver, — 
Sui-vey of Catahoula Shoals, WashitiX liivor, itc. Member of the House of 
Representatives of the State of Louisiana, 1851-53, — and of the Senate, 1853-55. 
Major-General, Louisiana Militia, ] 848-61. 

Joined in the Rebellion of 1861-66 against the United States, and 

Died, Dec. 17, 1864, at Geand Ecoee, La. : Aged 68. 



97. . . .(Born Mas.) THOMAS CHILDS (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 6, 

1813, to Mar. 11, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lleut., 1st Aetilleky, Mar. 11, 1814. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in the Campaign of 1814, 

on the Niagara Frontier, being engaged in the Capture of Ft. Erie, U. C, 

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, May 1, 1814) 

(Tkansfeeeed to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814) 

July 3, 1814, -Battle of Niagara, July 25, 1814, —and Defense of Ft. Erie, U. C, 

from its Bombardment and Assault by the enemy, Aug. 13-15, 1814, until the 

Siege was raised by the successful Sortie from it, Sep. 17, 1814; in garrison at 

Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1815-16,— New York harbor, 1816-18,— Ft. Washington, Md., 

(Flrst Lieut., Coeps of Artillery, Ape. 20, 1818) 

1818-19,— and New York harbor, 1819-20; on Commissary duty, 1820-21; iu 

garrison at Ft. Washington, Md., 1821-25, 1825-27,— and at Ft. Sullivan, Me., 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, June 1, 1821) 

(Captain, 3d Artillery, Oct. 1, 1826) 

1827-31, 1832-36 ; in the Florida War, 1836-37, being engaged against the 

Seminole Indians in the Attack on Ft. Drane, Fla., Aug. 21, 1836; on Recruit- 

(BvT. Major, Aug. 21, 1836, for Planning the Attack on the Indians 

AT Ft. Drane, Fla., and Good Conduct in that Affair) 

ing service, 1837, 1838; in the Florida War, 1838-40, 1840-42; in garrison at 

(BvT. Lieut-Col., Feb 1, 1841, for Gai.lant Conduct and Repeated 

Successes in the War against the Florida Indians, between 

Nov., 1840, AND Mae., 1842) 

Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1842-44,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1844,— and Ft. Johnston, 

N. C, 1844-45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845-46; as Colonel of .ii-til- 

lery Battalion of "Army of Occupation," Oct. 3, 1845, to Feb. 16, 1847; in the 

War with Mexico, 1846-48, being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 

J 846, —Battle of Resaca-de-la-Palma, May 9, 1846,— Battle of Monterey, Sep. 

(BvT. Colonel, May 9, 184(5, for Gallant Conduct in the Battles 

OF Palo Alto and Resaca-de-ia-Paljlv) 

21-23, 1846,— Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of Cerro Gordo, 

(Major, 1st Ar/riLLEEY, Feb. 16, 1847) 
Apr, 17-18, 1847,— Skirmish of La Hoya, June 20, 1847,— Defense of Puebla, 



136 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEE. 1814. Class Bank. 



Sep. 13-Oct. 12, 1847, where he commanded, — and JVIilitaiy Governor of 
(BvT. Bkig. -General, Oct. 12, 1847, foe Gallant and Meeitokious 
Conduct in the Defense of Puebla, Mjex. ) 
Jalapa, Apr.-June, 1847, and of Puebla, Sep. -Oct., 1847; in gamson, at Ft. 
McHemy, Md., 1848-51; and in command of Military Operations in East 
Florida, Feb. 11, 1852, to Oct. 8, 1853. 

Died, Oct. 8, 1853, at Ft. Beooke, Fla. 



98. . . .(Bom N. Y.) STEPHEN BIRDSALL (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. MiUtary Academy from Jmie 4, 
1813, to Mar. 11, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Third Lieut., 1st Artillery, Mae. 11, 1814. 
Served in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Niagara 
(Second Lieut., 1st Aetilleey, May 1, 1814) 
(Teansfeseed to Corps of Artillery May 12, 1814) 
Frontier, 1814 

Disbanded, June 15, 1815. 

Civil History. — Merchant at New York city, 1812-17, — at Faycttville, 
N. C, 1820-22,— and at Raleigh, N. C, 1822-35. TeUer in the State Bank of 
North Carohna, 1817-20. Aide-de-Camp, with the rank of Colouel, to Gov- 
ernor Burton, of North Carolina, 1826-28, and to Governors Iredell and Owen, 
1828. Chief Clerk of the Treasmy of North Carohna, 1835^3, and 1844. 
Treasm-er of the Ealeigh and Gaston Eailroad, N. C. , 1843^4. History, since 
1844, unknown. 



99....(BomVt.) JOHN WRIGHT (Ap'dVt.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy fi-om May 22, 
1812, to Mar. 30, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Coeps of Engineers, Mae. 30, 1814. 
Served: at the Military Academy as Principal Asst. Professor of Mathematics, 
from Apr. 1, 1814, to Dec. 1, 1816; and at West Point, on duty with the Com- 
pany of Bombadiers, Sappers and Miners, 1816-18. 
Resigned, July 23, 1818. 

Civil History. — Coimsellor at Law, Norwich, Vt., 1818-60. Postmaster, 
Norwich, Vt., 1835-38, and 1853-56. Member of the Conventions to amend 
the Constitution of the State of Vermont, 1836, 1843, and 1857. 
Died, Sep. 10, 1860, at Noewich, Vt. : Aged, 63. 



100. . . .(Bom Md.) EDMUND BROOKE (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 11, 
1812, to Apr. 13, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Marines, Ape. 15, 1814. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in gan-ison at Washing- 
ton, D. C, May- Aug., 1814, — was enga.cd in the Battle of Bladensburg, Md., 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 137 



Number. 1814. Class Rank. 

and Defense of Washington, D. C, Aug. 24, 1814, — and on a Cruise in the 

(First Lleut., IVIarines, June 18, 1815) 
Frigate Congress, 1815. 

Kesigned, Feb. 13, 1817. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 1855. 



101. .. . (Bom N. Y.). . . .JOHN ARMSTRONG (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Dec. 8, 

1813, to Apr. 19, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Light Artillery, Apr. 19, 1814. 

Served: in the "War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Aide-de-Camp to Major- 

(Transferred to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814) 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, May 19, 1814) 

General Brown, Sep. 2, 1814, to June 15, 1815, being engaged in the Campaign 

(First Lieut., 4th Rifles, July 26, 1814) 

of 1814 on the Niagara Frontier, participating in the Defense of Fort Erie, U. C, 

from its Bombardment and Assault by the enemy, Aug. 13-15, till the Sortie 

from it, Sep. 17, 1814, which compelled the raising of the siege. 

Besigned, June 15, 1815. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law, Ehinebeck, N. Y., 1818-52. Member of 
the House of Representatives of the State of New York, 1824 and 1825. 
Deed June 16, 1852, at Rhtnebeck, N. Y. : Aged 62. 



102.... (Bom Ct.) JAMES W. RIPLEY (Ap'dCt.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 8, 
1813, to June 1, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, June 1, 1814. 
Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in Defense of Sackett's 
Harbor, N. Y., 1814-15; in garrison at Portland Me., 1815-16,— and New 
Orleans, La., 1816-17; as Battalion Quartermaster of Artillery, Dec. 28, 1816, 
to June 1, 1821, in Major-General Jackson's Campaign of 1817-18 again.st the 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818) 
Seminole Indians, and his Invasion of Florida, being engaged ia the Seizure of 
Pensacola, Fla., May 24, 1818, — and Bombardment and Capture of Ft. San 
Carlos de Barrancas, Fla., May 26-27, 1818; on Recruiting service, 1819 and 
(First Lieut. , 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of 
Army, June 1, 1821) 
1820-22; in garrison at St. Augustine, Fla., 1823; as Commissioner for run- 
ning Boundary of Florida Indians' reservations, 1823-24; in ganison at Ft. 
Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824-25,— Ft. St. Philip, La., 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, Aug. 1, 1825) 

1825, — Savannah, Ga., 1826, — Ft. Monroe, Va. (ArtiUery School for Practice), 

1826-28,— and Ft. McHemy, Md., 1828-30; on Recraitiiig service, 1830-31; in 

garrison at Ft. McHenry, Md., 1831-32,— and Charleston harbor, S. C, 

(Captain, Ordnance, May 30, 1832) 



133 GBADUATES OF THE 



Nttmbek. 1814. Class Eank. 



1832-33, during South Carolina's threatened nullification; in command of 
Kennebec Arsenal, Me., 1833-42; as Inspector of Cannon, 1835^2; as Super- 

(Major, Ordnance, July 7, 1838) 

intendent of Springfield Armory, Mas., 1841-54, and of Contract Anns, 1843-54; 

as Member of Ordnance Board, Feb. 10 to Mar. 6, 1847; in command of Water- 

(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., May 30, 1848, for Meritorious Conduct, 

particularly in the Performance of his Duty in the 

Prosecution of the War with Mexico) 

town Arsenal, Mas., 1854-55; as Chief of Ordnance of Pacific Department, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Ordnance, Dec. 31, 1854) 

Mar. 29, 1855, to Sep. 20, 1857; as Inspector of Arsenals, 1857-60,— and on 

(Colonel, and Chief of Ordnance of the U. S. Army, Apr. 3, 18G1) 

(BvT. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, July 2, 1861) 

(Brig. -General,, AND Chief of Ordnance of the 

U. S. Army, Aug. 3, 1861) 

special duty to Japan, Asia, 1860-61. 

Served during the EebeUion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: as Chief of 
Ordnance, U. S. Army, Aug. 3, 1861, to Sep. 14, 1863, and in charge of the Ord- 
nance Biu-eau at Washington, D. C, Apr. 23, 1861, to Sep. 14, 1863, — and as 
(Retired from Active Service, Sep. 15, 1863, under the Law of 
July 17, 1842, "having been borne on the Army 
Eegisteh more than 45 Years") 
Inspector of the Ai-mament of Fortifications on the New England Coast, since 
Sep. 14, 1863. 

BvT. Maj. -General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for long and 
Faithful Services in the Army. 



103. . . .(Bom N. C.) DAITIEL TURNER (Ap'd N. C.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 19, 
1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut. , Corps of Artillery, July 21, 1814. 

Served in the War of 1812-15, with Great Britian, as Acting Asst. Engineer 
in erecting temporary defenses for New York city and environs, 1814-15. 

Second Lieut. , Corps of Artii^lery, on Eeduction of Army, 
May 17, 1815 ; Declined. 
Civil History. — Member of the House of Commons of the State of North 
Carohna, 1819-24, — and of the U. S. House of Representatives, from North 
Carolina, 1827-29. Captain N. C. MiUtia, 1819-27. Principal of Warrenton, 
N. C, Female Seminary, 1847-54. Employed in the service of the United 
States, as Superintending Engineer of the constniction of the public works at 
Mare Island Navy Yard, San Francisco harbor, CaJ., since 1854. 



104 ... (Born Pa.) ISAAC E. CRAIG (Ap'd Pa. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 19, 

1813, to July 21, 1814, when ho was graduated and promoted in the Ariny to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 21, 1814. 

Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Acting Asst. Engineer, 

in erecting temporary defenses for New York city and environs, 1814-15 ; and 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818) 
in garrison at the Bay of St. Louis, La., 1816-19. 

Died, June 26, 1819, at the Bat of St. Louis, Li. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 139 



Number. 1814. Class Bank. 

105. . (Born D. C.) . . . .CHARLES M. THRUSTON (Ap'd D. C.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Jan. 8, 1813, 

to July 21, 1811, wlieu he was gi-adnated and promoted in the Aiiny to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 21, 1814. 

Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, as Acting Asst. Engineer 

iu erecting tem])orary defenses at Governor's Island, New York harbor, 

181-4-15 ; in garrison at Ft. McHenry, Md., 1815-18 ; as Battalion Adjutant of 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818) 
Artillery, May 14, 1818, to June 1, 1821 ; as Adjutant 3d Artillery, at Keg. 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
headquarters, June 1, 1821, to Feb. 17, 1827 ; in garrison at Ft. Severn, Md., 

(Captain, 3d Artillery, Feb. 17, 1827) 
1827,— Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 1827-33,— and Ft. Monroe, Va., 1833-35; in the Florida 
War, 1835, 1836, being Acting Adjutant-General of the Florida Army, Feb. 
to May, 1836, and was engaged against the Seminole Indians in the Combat of 
Olokliiaha, Mar. 31, 1836. 

Resigned, Aug. 31, 1836. 

Civil History.— Farmer, Cumberland, Md., 1837-61. President of Min- 
eral Bank of Cumberland, Md. , 1838-41. Mayor of Cumberland, Md. , 1861-62. 

Military History.— Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 
(Brig. -General, U. S. Volunteers, Sep. 7, 1861) 
1861-62, in guarding the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 1861-62. 
Resigned, Apr. 17, 1862. 

Civil History. — Farmer, Cumberland, Md., since 1862. 



106. . . .(Born Va.) HENRY W. FTTZHUGH (Ap'd D. C.) 

MUitary History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 30, 

1812, to July 21, 1814, when he was gi'aduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 21, 1814. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on duty at Ft. Wolcott, 

R. L, 1814-15 ; in garrison at Ft. McHenry, Md., 1815-18; as Battahon Quar- 

(FiR.ST Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818) 
termaster of Artillery, July 1, 1818, to June 1, 1821; on Commissar}' and Quar- 

( First Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

termaster duty, at Baltimore, Md., 1821-26; and as Asst. Quartermaster at Ft. 

(Asst. Quartermaster, from May 10, 1826, to Jitse 28, 1836) 

(BvT. Capt.\^in, Apr. 20, 1828, for Faithful Service 

Ten Ye.ars in one Grade) 

Monroe, Va., 1826-29,— and Boston, Mas., 1831-32, 1832-36. 

Resigned, June 28, 1836. 

Civil History. General Superintendent of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 
July 4, 1836, to May 31, 1838. Merchant, Baltimore, Md., 1838-42. Farmer 
on the Rappahannock River, Va., since 1842. 



140 GEADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1814. Class Rank. 

107. . . .(Born N. H.). . . . JACKMAN J. DAVIS (Ap'd N. H.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 
1813, to July 21, ISH, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Coeps of Artillery, July 21, 1814. 
Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on duty at Portsmouth 
harbor, N. H., 1814-15 ; in garrison at New York harbor, 1815-17 ; on Recruit- 
ing service, 1817-18; in garrison at New York harbor, 1818-19, — Detroit, Mich., 

(First Lieut.. Corps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818) 

1819-21,— Ft. Tmmbull, Ct. 1821,— and Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1821-24; on 

(First Lieut., 1st Autillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(AssT. Quartermaster, from May 19, 1826, to Feb. 20, 1828) 

Commissary duty, 1824^26; and on Quartermaster dutj', 1826-28. 

Died, Feb. 20, 1828, at St. Augustine, Fla. 



108 . . (Bom D. C. ) . . THOMAS T. STEPHENSON (Ap'd D. C. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 9, 
1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Abtillery, July 21, 1814. 
Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on duty at Atlantic Posts, 
1S14-15; in garrison at North Atlantic Posts, 1815-18; and on Ordnance duty, 
(Transferred to Ordnance, Jan. 1, 1816) 
(First Lieut., Ordnance, June 30, 1818) 
Jan. 1, 1816, to Aug. 4, 1819. 

Died, Aug. 4, 1819. 



109... (Born N. Y.)... .EVANS HUMPHREY (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. MUitary Academy from May 19, 
1813, to Julj^ 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 21, 1814. 
Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on duty at Ft. Preble, 
Me., 1814-15; in gan-ison at New York harbor, 1815-17; on Recruiting ser- 
vice, 1817-18; in garrison at New York harbor, 1818; on Recruiting service, 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818) 
1818-20; and in garrison at Amelia Island, Fla., 1820,— and Charleston har- 
bor, S. C, 1820-21. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, Aug. 1, 1825. 



no.. (Bom Mas.).... SAMUEL "W. "WETMORE (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Jlilitary Academy from Apr. 14, 
1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was gradiinted ami promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps or Artxllebt, July 21, 1814. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 141 



NcMBEK. 1814L. Class Rank. 

Served in the War of 1812-15 vdth. Great Britain, in garrison at Atlantic 
Posts, 1814-15. 

Resigned, July 16, 1816. 
After his resignation, he served as a Captain in General Miranda's Expedi- 
tion to South America, designed to establish a Repubhc at Carracas, 1816. 
Died, 1818, in South Amekica- 



111. . . . (Born Mas.) "WILLIAM "V7ELLS (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. MUitary Academy from May 17, 
1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Light Aetillert, July 21, 1814. 
Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, in garrison at New Eng- 
land Posts, 1814^15, and after the peace, 1815-18; on Recruiting service, 1818; 

(Second Lieut. , Light Artillery, Oct. 10, 1814) 
in gamson at New England Posts, 1818-20; on Recruiting service, 1820; as 

(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Aug. 28, 1819) 
Quartermaster of Reg. of Light ArtUlery, May 15, 1820, to June 1, 1821; on 

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

Commissary duty at Pittsburg Arsenal, Pa., 1821-25; in garrison at New York 

harbor, 1825-26,— Ft McHemy, Md., 1826,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (ArtUleiy School 

for Practice), 1826-28,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1828-30,— Ft. Wood, La., 1830-31, 

(Bvt. Captain, Aug. 28, 1829, for Faithful Service 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

— and Ft. Jackson, La., 1831-32; on Recruiting service, 1832; in garrison at 

Ft. Wood, La, 1833; and on leave of absence, 1833-34. 

Resigned, Dec. 1, 1834. 

Civil History. — Superintendent of New Orleans Navigation Company, 
1834-36,— and of Pontchartrain, La., Raiboad, 1836-38. Deputy Sheriff of New 
Orleans, La., 1843^6. U. S. Custom House Store Keeper, at New Orleans, 
La., 1846-50. 

Died, Dec, 1851, at New Orleans, La. 



112. . . .(BomVa.) "WILLIAM L. BOOTH (Ap'd D. C) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 11, 

1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Light Artillery, July 21, 1814. 

Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on duty at Ft. Indo- 

( Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, on Reduction of Abmy, 

May 17, 1815) 

pendence, Mas., 1814-15; in garrison at the defenses of New Orleans, La., 

(Second Lteut., Corps of Artillery, July 16, 1816) 

1815-18,— and at Mobile, Ala., 1818 ; on Recruiting service, 1818-19 ; and on 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Ape. 25, 1818) 

First Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Re-oeganization of Army, 

June 1, 1821) 

Commissary duty, 1819-22. 

Resigned, July 21, 1822. 

Civil History.— Farmer, Big Bend, Meade County, Ky. (P. O. , Leavenworth, 
Ind. ), since 1822. 



142 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMixEii. 1814. Class Rank. 

113 . (Bom Ireland) THOMAS J. BAIRD (Ap'd Pa. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Jiine 22, 

1813, to July 21, 181-1, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thtrd Lieut., Light Artillery, July 21, 1814. 

Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on Nortliei-u Frontier, 

1814-15; in garrison at Detroit, Mich., 1815-18; as Aide-de-Camp to Major- 

( Third Lieut., Corps of Aetillery, on Keduction of Army, 

May 17, 1815) 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Aug. 1, 1816) 

General Macomb, Feb. 9 to June 4, 1818 ; on Eecruiting service, 1818 ; in 

garrison at Charleston harbor, S. C, 1818-19,— Amelia Island, Fla., 1819-20, 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, June, 2, 1818) 

— Savammh, Ga., 1820,— and Ameha Island, Fla., 1820-21 ; as Battalion 

(First Lieut., 3d Aetilleky, in Ee-oeganization of Aemy, 

June 1, 1821) 

Quartermaster of Artillery, Oct. 1, 1820, to June 1, 1821 ; and on Ordnance 

(Captain, 3d Artillery, Feb. 28, 1827) 
duty, June 4, 1821, to Nov. 5, 1827. 

Resigned, May 1, 1828. 

Civil History. — Farmer, Philadelphia County, Pa., 1828-35. Agent for 
Lands in Schuylkill County, Pa., 1835-42. Captain, Pa. Militia, 1838-40,— and 
Lieut. -Colonel, 1840. 

Died, Apr. 5, 1842, at Philadelphia, Pa. 



114. . . . (Bom Vt.) JABEZ PARKHURST (Ap'd Vt.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 21, 

1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was gi'aduated and promoted in the Ai"my to 

Thied Lieut., Light Artillery, July 21, 1814. 

Served : in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Northem Frontier, 

(Third Lieut. , Corps of Aetillery, on Reduction of Aejiy, 

May, 17, 1815) 

1814-15 ; m garrison at New London, Ct., 1815-16,— and Pittsfield, Mas., 1816; 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Aetillery, Aug. 30, 1816) 
on the Florida Frontier, 1810-18, participating in Major-General Jackson's Cam- 
paign of 1817-18 against the Seminole Indians, and his seizure of Pensacola, 
Fla, May 24. 1818, being engaged in the Bombardment and Captuvo of Ft. San 
Carlos de Barrancas, Fla., May 26-27, 1818 ; and as Battalion Adjutant of 
(FiEST Lieut. , Corps of Aetillery, July 1, 1818) 
(First Lieut., 4th Aetillery, in Ee-oeganization of Aemy, 
June 1, 1821) 
AxtiUery, at Huntsville, Ala., July 1, 1818, to June 1, 1821. 
Died, July 6, 1821. 



115 . . (Bom N. Y. ) . . . . ROBERT L. ARMSTRONG (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. -Cadet of tlic U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 
1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Axmy to 
Third Lieut., Light Artillery, July 21, 1814. 



U. «. MILITARY ACADEMY. 143 



Number. 1814. Class Rank. 

Served: in the "War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on duty at Newport har- 
bor, K. I., 1814, and on the Niagara Frontier, 1814-15; in gan'ison at New 
(Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, on Reduction of Abmy, 
May 17, 1815) 

York harbor, 1816,— West Point, N. Y., 1816-18,— and Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1819; 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Aug. 30, 1816) 
at the MiHtary Academy, as Asst. Instructor of Infantiy Tactics, Apr. 30 to 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 2, 1818) 
Nov. 4, 1819; in garrison at Ft. Severn, Md., 1820-21 ; as Adjutant 2d Artil- 
lery, June 1, 1821, to Apr. 30, 1826, at Reg. headquaiiers, Frankfort, Pa., 
(First Lieut. , 2d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, 
June 1, 1821) 
1821-23,— and at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1823-26; on Staff duty at Washington, 
D. C, 1826; as Aide-de-Camp to Bvt. Maj. -General Scott, July 10, 1826, to 
(BvT. Captain, July 2, 1828, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
May 5, 1829 ; and as Judge Advocate of the Eastern Department, May 5, 1829, 
to Sep. 26, 1831. 

Died, Oct. 10, 1834, at Philadelphia, Pa. 



116. . . . (Bom Pa.) JAMES P. BADOLLET (Ap'd Ind.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy fi'om Apr. 26, 

1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Light Artillery, July 21, 1814. 

Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on Lake Champlain, 1814, 

(Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, on Reduction of Army, 

May 17, 1815) 

and on the Niagai-a Frontier, 1814-15; and in garrison at New York harbor, 

(Second Lieut., Corps op Artillery, Oct. 1, 1816) 
1815-18. 

Resigned, Aug. 1, 1818. 

Civil History. — Farmer, near Vincennes, Ind., since 1818. County Com- 
missioner for Knox Co., Ind., 18 — . Major, Indiana Mihtia, 18 — . 



117. .(Born Mas.) GEORGE W. GARDNER (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History. (';ulet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 
1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Light Artillery, July 21, 1814. 
Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Northern Frontier, 
1814-15; in garrison at Atlantic Posts, 1815-18; and on Recruiting 
(Third Lieut., Corps of Akth^ery, on Reduction of Army, 
May 17, 1815) 
(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Oct. 1, 1816) 
(First Lieut. , Corps of Artillery, Aug 30, 1818) 
service, 1818-19. 

Resigned, July 31, 1819. 

Civil Hiatnry. — Unknown. Supposed to have 

Died, 18—. 



14i GEADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK 1814. Class Eakk. 

118 .... (Born Md. ) BRADLEY S. A. LOTVE (Ap'd D. C. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 7, 
1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Light Artit.lery, July 21, 1814. 
Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Northern Fron- 
(Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, on Reduction or 
Army, May 17, 1815) 
tier, 1814-15; in garrison at Charleston harbor, S. C, 1815-17; and on the 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Oct. 31, 1816) 
Florida Frontier, in Major-General Jackson's Campaign of 1817-18 against the 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Sep. 17, 1818) 
Seminole Lidians. 

Eesigned, Sep. 30, 1819. 

Civil BBstory. — Unknown. 



119... (Born N.Y.) THOMAS R BROOM (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Apr. 9, 
1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Light Artillery, July 21, 1814. 
Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, 
(Third Lieut. , Corps of Artillery, on Eeduction of 
Army, May 17, 1815) 
1814-15; as Battalion Adjutant of Artillery, May to Nov. 1, 1816. 
Eesigned, Nov. 1, 1816. 
Ee-appointed in the United States Army with the rank of 
Paymaster, 4th Infantry, Feb. 13, 1818. 
(Transferred to 7th Infantry, June 10, 1818) 
Served in the Pay Department, 1818-21. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 

Civil History. — Unknown. \ 

Died, 1823. 



120. . . .(Bom Pa.) HILARY BRUNOT (Ap'dPa.) 

Military History. -Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 20, 

1813, to July 21, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 21, 1814. 
Second Lieut. , 3d Infantry, July 22, 1814. 
Served: in the War of 1812-15 with Great Britain, on the Niagara Frontier, 

1814, being engaged in the Defense of Ft. Erie, U. C, from Aug. 20 1817, 
until the Siege was raised by the successful Sortie from it, Sep. 17, 18-14, in 
which he was wounded; in garrison on the Canada Frontier, at Michigan Posts, 
1815-18; on Eecruiting service, 1818-20; and in garrison at Ft. Howard, Wis., 

(First Lieut., 3d Infantry, Dec. 31, 1818) 
1820-21. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 

Civil History.— White Lead Manufacturer at Pittsburgh, Pa., 1824-49. 
Member of the City Council of Pittsburgh, Pa., 1839-44. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 145 



Number. 1815. Class Rank. 



GRADUATES OF 1815. 



121. ...(Born S. C). •• -HENRY MIDDLETON (Ap'dS. C.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Dec. 24, 1813, 
to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. 2, 1815. 
On leave of absence, Mar. 2, 1815, to Jtdy 15, 1816. 
Resigned, July 15, 1816. 

Civil History. — Author of papers on "The Government and the Currency," 
1844^5. 



122 .... (Born N. T.) . . . ."WILLLA.M F. RIGAL (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History .^Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 29, 

1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Ordnance, Mar. 2, 1815. 

Served on Ordnance duty. Mar. 2, 1815, to Jan. 1, 1818. 

Second Lieut. , Ordnance, Mat 17, 1816. 

Dropped, Jan. 1, 1818. 

Civil History. — Major of Engineers in the service of one of the South 
Ameiicau States, 18 — , to 18 — . 

Died, 18—. 



123. . . .(Born N. Y.) JAMES SIMONSON (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Aug. 7, 

1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thtrd Leeut., Ordnance, Mar. 2, 1815. 

Served : on Ordnance duty. Mar. 2, 1815, to Apr. 20, 1826 ; and in garrison at 

(Second Lieut., Ordnance, Mat 21, 1817) 

(First Lieut. , Ordnance, Oct. 10, 1819) 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization of Armt, 

June 1, 1821) 

Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1820-28,— Ft. Johnson, N. 0., 

1828-29,- Bellona Arsenal, Va., 1830,— and Ft. Johnson, N. C, 1830-31. 

Dropped, Nov. 30, 1833, for Disobedience of Orders, and having 

failed to perform ant Duty fob over Two Years. 

Civil History.— Civil Engineer, 1833-39. 

Died, Aug. 7, 1839, in Cuba, W. L 



124. . ..(Bom Mas.) JOHN HILLS (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 31, 
1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Ordnance, Mar. 2, 1815. 
10 



146 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 181o. Class Kank. 

Served on Ordnance diity, at various Arsenals and Depots, Mar. 2, 1815, 
(Second LrEux., Okdnakce, Jan. 1, 1818) 
(FiKST Lieut., Ordnance, Dec. 31, 1819) 

(First Lieut., 3d Aetdlleky, in Re-okganization of Akmy, June 1, 1821) 

to Aug. 6, 1822. 

Resigned, Aug. 6, 1822. 
Re-appointed in the United States Army -with the rank of 

Second Lieut., 6th Infantkt, June 25, 1827. 
Served on Ordnance duty, Aug. 15, 1827, to Sep. 26, 1831. 

Resigned, Dec. 17, 1831. 
Re-appointed in the United States Army 'ftdth the rank of 

BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, Dec. 17, 1831. 

Served: on Ordnance duty Jan. 14 to July 13, 1832; and in selecting site for, 

(Captain, Ordnance, July 13, 1832) 

and building the Arsenal at Apalachicola, Fla., July 13, 1832, to Feb. 25, 1835. 

Died, Feb. 25, 1835, at Apalachicola Arsenal, Fla. 



125. . . .(Bom Mas.) SIMON "WILLARD (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 29, 
1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Ordnance, RLur. 2, 1815. 
Served on Ordnance duty, Mar. 2, 1815, to May 1, 1816. 
Resigned, May 1, 1816. 

Civil History. — Importer and Dealer in Chi-onometers and Watches, Boston, 
Mas., since 1825. 



126. . . . (Bom Del.) . . . . .".JOHN SYMINGTON (Ap'd Md.) 

Military History.—Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy, from Sep. 10, 

1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Leeut., Ordnance, Mar. 2, 1815. 

Served : on Ordnance duty at various Arsenals, Mar. 2, 1815, to May 30, 

(Second Lieut., Ordnance, Apr. 8, 1818) 

(First Lieut., Ordnance, Mat 17, 1820) 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(BvT. Captain, May 17, 1830, for Faithful Service 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

1832; as Assistant Inspector of Foundries, 1832 33; in command of St. Louis 

(Captain, Ordnance, ]\Iay 30, 1832) 
Arsenal Mo., 1833-40; on duty in Ordnance Bureau, Washington, D. C, 
1840-41; in command of Washington Arsenal, D. C, 1810 44; as Member of 
the Ordnance Board, Dec. 26, 1840. to , 1857; in command of Hai-per's 

Feny Armoiy, Va., 1844-51,— of Watervliet Arsenal, N. Y., 1851-56,— and of 
(Major, Ordnance, Mar. 27, 1842) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 147 



NuMBEB. 1815. Class Kank. 

Allegheny Arsenal, Pa., 1857-G2; on sick leave of absence, 1862-63; and 

(Colonel, Ordnance, Aug. 3, 1861) 
Tinemployed, 1863-6-4. 

(Retired from Active Service, June 1, 1863, under the Law of 
July 17, 1862, "having been borne on the 

Army Register more than 45 Years") 
Died, Apr. 4, 1864, in Harford County, Md. 



127 (Bom Ga.) "WTLLIAM W. GORDON (Ap'd Ga.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Mihtaiy Academy from May 2, 1814, 
to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut. , Ordnance, Mar. 2, 1815. 
Served as Aide-de-Camp to Bvi Maj. -General Gaines, 1815. 
Resigned, Oct. 15, 1815. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, Savannah, Ga. , 1818-36. Captain of 

Hussars, Georgia Militia, 1832-34. Mayorof the city of Savannah, Ga., 1833-35. 

Member of the House of Representatives of the State of Georgia, 1835-36. 

President of the Central Railroad and Banking Company of Georgia 1836^:2. 

Died, Mar. 20, 1842, at Savannah, Ga. : Aged 46. * 



128. . . .(Bom Va.) HENRY R. DULANY (Ap'd Md.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. MUitary Academy from July 13, 

1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Light Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 

Sei-ved: as BattaUon Adjutant of Artillery, at Charleston harbor, S. C, 1815, 

(Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, on Reduction of Army, May 17, 1815) 

to Mar. 5, 1817; on Recruiting service, 1817-18; in garrison at AmeUa Island, 

(Second Lieu r. , 4th Infantry, Mae. 5, 1817) 
Fla., 1818-19; as Adjutant of 4th Infixutrj', Apr. 1 to Nov. 1, 1819 ; as Aide-de- 

(Fiest Lieut. , 4th Infantry, Feb. 10, 1818) 
Camp to Bvt. Maj. -General Gaines, Nov. 1, 1819, to Feb. 3, 1822; and on sick 

(Captain, 4th Infantry, Feb. 3, 1822) 
leave of absence, 1822-25. 

Resigned, May 31, 1825. 

Civil History. — Farmer, near Alexandria, Va., 1825-45. 
Died, 1845, neab Alexandria, Va. 



• Gordon county, in Georgia, vran mtnoi aftor him, in testimony of his abln and successful 
services in initiating and developine tlie railroi'l system of the State ; and, in 1859, the Central 
Railroad Company appropriated $5,000 for the erection of a monument, at Savannah, Ga. , to him 
— its first Presiilent, who devoted his life to this great pioneer enterprise, the success of which 
haa covered the State with a net- work of railways. 



148 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1815. Class Eank. 

129.... (Bom Ky.) JOHN R. SLOO (Ap'dO.) 

r.lilitary History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 25, 
1813, to Mar. 2. 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Thibd Lieut., Coeps op Aktillery, Mae. 2, 1815. 
Second Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleey, Ape. 20, 1817. 
Served in garrison at Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1815-18. 

Eesigned, Ape. 30, 1818. 

Civil HKstory. — Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Street, Illinois Militia, 
1822. Treasm-er of the Illinois and Michigan Canal Company, 18 — to 18 — . 
Register of the U. S. Land Office, at Shawoieetown, 111., 18— to 1837. 
Died, 1837, at Shawneetown, III. 



130... (Born 0.) HENRY W. GRISWOLD (Ap'd ).) 

Militciry EKstory.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 28, 

1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thied Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mab. 2, 1815. 

Served: iji garrison at Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1815-17, — Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Aetilleey, May 1, 1817) 

1817-18,— Ft. Washington, Md., 1818-19,— and New York harbor, 1819-20; 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Dec. 12, 1818) 

on Commissary duty, 1820-21; at the Mihtary Academy, as Asst. Instructor of 

Infantry Tactics, Jan. 27, 1821, to Feb. 14, 1822; in garrison at Ft. Indepen- 

(FiRST Lieut. , 1st Artillery in Re-organization of 

Army, June 1, 1821) 

dence, Mas., 1822; as Adjutant, 1st Artillery, Sep. 25, 1822, to Oct. 11, 1831) 

(BvT. Captain, Dec. 12, 1828, foe Faithful Seevice 

Ten Yeaes in one Geade) 

and in garrison at Ft. Mom-oe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1831,— 

Newbem, N. C, 1831-32,— Beaufort, N. C, 1832-33,— Ft. Mom-oe, Va., 1833,— 

(Captain, 3d Artilleey, Ape. 26, 1832) 
Ft. Mitchell, Ala, 1833-34,— and Castle Pinckney, S. C, 1834. 
Died, Oct. 23, 1834. 



131. . . .(Born Va.) JAMES MONROE (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 3, 
1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Thtrd Lieut., Corps of Aetilleey, ]\Iar. 2, 1815. 
Served: in the War with Algiers, 1815, and was wounded, June 17, 1815, 
while directing (as a subaltern of Bvt. Major S. B. Archer's company of the 
Ci>rps of Artillery) a part of the quarter-deck guns of the U. S. Frigate Guer- 
riere, in an Action witli an Algerine frigate off Ca]3e Dagat, Spain ; as Battalion 
Adjutant of Artillery at New Orleans, Dec. 28, 1816, to Dec. 18, 1817; as Aide- 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, May 2, 1817) 

de-Camp to Bvt Maj. -General Scott, Dec. 18, 1817, to Apr. 4, 1822; on Ord- 

(FiEST Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleey, Dec. 31, 1818) 

(First Lieut., 4th Aetilleey, in Re-oeganization of 

Army, June 1, 1821) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. I-IO 



NuMBEB. 1815. Class Kank. 



nance duty, Feb. 13, 1823, to May, 1826; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artil- 
leiy School for Practice), 1827-28,— and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1828-30, 1830-31; 
(BvT. Captain, Dec. 31, 1828, fob Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
on Commissary duty at New York, 1831-32; and as Aide-de-Camp to Bvt 
Maj. -General Scott, June 22 to July 13, 1832, on the "Black Hawk Expe- 
tlition," but not at the seat of war. 

Resigned, Sep. 30, 1832. 

Civil History. — Alderman of the City of New York, 1833-34 ; and President 
«f the Board of Aldermen, 1831. Aide-de-Camp, with the rank of Colonel, to 
(iovemor Marcy, of the State of New York, June 27, 1836 : declined. Mem- 
ber of the U. S. House of Representatives from New York city, 1839-41 ; and 
< f the Legislatui'e of the State of New York, 1850 and 1852. Residence, New 
York city. 



132... (Bom Va.) ROBERT C. BRENT (Ap'd Md.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 
1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 
Served: in garrison at Ft. McHeniy, Md., 1815-18,— Ft. Preble, Me., 
(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, May 13, 1817) 
1818,— Ft SulUvan, Me., 1818-20,— Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1820,— Ft. Co- 
(Fibst Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mae. 5, 1819) 
(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(Transferred to 1st Infantry, Nov. 16, 1821, and Re-tkansfereed 
TO 1st Artillery, Dec. 21, 1822) 
lumbus, N. Y., 1820-21,— Ft. SuUivan, Me., 1821,— and Baton Rouge, La., 
1821-23. 

Resigned, Nov. 1, 1823. 

Civil History.— Farmer, Stafford County, Va., 1823-37. 
Died, May, 15, 1837, in Stafford Co., Va. 



133. . (Bom N. Y.) . . . .ABRAHAM WENTDELL (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Sep. 2, 

1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thied Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 

Second Lieut., Corps of Aetilleey, May, 13, 1817. 

Served in garrison at Ft. Wolcott, R. I,, 1815-16, — and at Castine, Me., 1816. 

Died, Oct. 17, 1817, at Axbant, N. Y. 



134. . (Bom Va.). . . .GEORGE A WASHINGTO^T (Ap'd D. C. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 18, 1813, 
to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mae. 2, 1815. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, IkL\Y 13, 1817. 
Served in garrison at Norfolk harbor, Va., 1815-17. 

Died, Dec. 9, 1817, at Alexandria, Va. 



150 GKADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1815. Class Eank. 



135... (Bom Va.) ROBERT J. SCOTT (Ap'dMd.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy fi-om May 8, 
1813, to ]\Iar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Third Lieut , Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 
Served: in garrison at Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1815-16; and on leave of absence, 
(Second Lieut. , Corps of Artillery, June 15, 1817) 

1816-18. 

Resigned, Nov. 4, 1818. 

Civil History.— Sutler at Ft. Washington, Md., 1826-31,— and at Ft. Mon- 
roe, Va., 1831-3-4. 

Died, May, 1834, at Fort Monroe, Va. : Aged 36. 



136. . . . (Born Vt.) ALONZO BRE^WER (Ap'd Vt. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtaiy Academy from July 13, 
1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, MLae. 2, 1815. 
Served in garrison at New York harbor, 1815-16. 
Eesigned, Oct. 16, 1816. 

Civil History. — Supposed to have been a Colonel in the struggles of the 
Argentine Confederation, South America, where he probably was 

Killed, 18 — . 



137. . (Bom N. Y.). . . . FRANCIS N. BERRIER (Ap'dN. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from May 13, 

1814, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery. Mar. 2, 1815. 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, June 19, 1817. 

Served in garrison at New York harbor, 1815-18. 

Resigned, May 31, 1818. 

Civil History.— Merchant, New York city, 1818-22. 

Deed, Oct. 26, 1822, at Fort Hamilton, N. Y. 



138 . . .(Bom N. Y.) GEORGE COOPER (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 9, 
1814, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mae. 2, 1815. 
Served in garrison at Detroit, Mich., 1815-16. 

Resigned, Feb. 15, 1817. 

Civil History.— Merchant, New York city, 1817-24. 

Died, Oct., 1825, at New York Cm: Aged 29. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 151 



Number. 181.5. Class Eank. 



139. . . .(Bom N. Y.) HENRY SMITH (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from May 28, 

1813, to MiU'. 2, 1815, wheu he was p;raduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thikd LmuT., Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 

Served: in gan-ison at Greenbush, N. Y., 1816-19 ; as Quartermaster, 2d 

(Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, June 17, 1816) 

Infantry, Dec. 9, 1819, to June, 1, 1821 ; on Quartei-raastcr duty at Sackett's 

Harbor, N. Y., 1819-20,— and Plattsburgh, N. Y., 1820-22; m garrison at 

Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1822 ; on Quartermaster duty at Green Bay, Wis., 

(As.st. Quartermaster, Oct. 25, 1822, to July 10, 1823) 
1822,— Ft. Brady, Mich., 1822-23,— and Ft. Smith, Ark., 1823 ; as Aide-de- 

(FiRST Lieut., 2d Infantry, Jan. 8, 1823) 
Camp to Major-General Scott, July 12, 1823, to Apr. 17, 1826 ; on Quarter- 

(Transferred to 6th Infantry, July 30, 1823) 
master duty, Apr. 17, 1826, to Oct. 15, 1830 ; on frontier duty at Jefferson 
(AssT. Quartermaster, Apr. 17, 1826, to Oct. 15, 1830) 
(Capt.un, 6th Infantry, July 7, 1826) 
Barracks, Mo., 1830-32; in the "Black Hawk" "War, 1832, being engaged 
against the Sac Indians in the Battle of Bad Axe River, Aug. 2, 1832 ; and on 
Engineer duty, Jan. 26, 1833, to Nov. 16, 1836. 

Eesigned, Nov. 16, 1836. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer in the service of the United States, super- 
intending Harbor Imjirovements on Lake Erie, 1836-40. Member of the 
House of Representatives of the State of Michigan, 1837 and 1840. Disbursing 
Agent in the Indian Department, 1838. Major-General, Michigan Militia, 
1841-46. Mayor of Monroe, Mich., 1846. 

Military History. — Re-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Major Staff — Quartermaster. Mar. 3, 1847. 
Served on Quartermaster duty at Detroit, Mich., 1847, — and in the War 
with Mexico, at Vera Cruz, 1847. 

Died, July 24, 1847, at Vera Cruz, Mes3:co, 



140 , . (Bom D. C. ) . . ALEXANDER F. COCHRANE (Ap'd D. C. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 8, 1813, 
to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ar-my to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 
Served in garrison at the defenses of the approaches to New Orleans, La., 
(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Aug. 5, 1817) 
(First Lieut. , Corps of Artillery, Apr. 7, 1819) 
1816-20. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 

Civil History. — Unknown. Supposed to have 
Died, 18—. 



152 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK. 1815. Class Eank. 

141 . . (Born N. Y. ) • • MICHL P. VAN DE VENTER (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from June 17, 
1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 
Served : in garrison on the Canada Frontier, 1815-18 ; on Recraiting 
(Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 22, 1817) 
service, 1818 ; and in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1818-Ql. 
Died, Aug. 27, 1821, at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y. 



142. . , .(Bom Vt) MILO JOHNSON (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 22, 
1813, to Mtu'. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 
Served: in garrison at Charleston harbor, S. C, 1815-17; on Recruiting 
(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Aug. 5, 1817) 
service, 1817; and in the Creek Nation, 1817-18. 

Resigned, Mar. 1, 1818. 

Civil History. — U. S. Surveyor of PubUc Lands in Louisiana and Missis- 
sippi, 18 — to 18 — . 

Died, 18—. 



143.... (Bom O.) AARON G. GANO (Ap'dO.) 

Military Histoiy. — Cadet of the XJ. S. Military Academy from Jan. 8, 
1814, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 
Served in garrison at New York harbor, 1815-17. 
Resigned, Oct. 1, 1817. 

Civil History. — Merchant, Cincinnati, O., 1817-40, and at Hannibal, Mo., 
1840-54. 

Died, Dec. 2, 1854, neab Cincinnati, O. : Aged 58. 



144. . . .(Bom Ga.) ROBERT M. FORSYTH (Ap'd Ga.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 28, 

1813, to Mai-. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 

Second Lieut. , Corps of Artillery, Sep. 8, 1817. 

Served in garrison at New York hai-bor, 1815-16. 

Dismissed, Dec. 1, 1818. 

CivH History. — Unkaown. 

Deed, 1819. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 153 



Number. 1815. Class Eank. 

145 . . (Born D. C. ) . • . . THOMAS W. LENDRUM (Ap'd Va. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Jmie Ifi, 
1813, to Mar. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mar. 2, 1815. 
Served: in garrison at Ft. McHemy, Md., 1815-16, and as Battalion Adju- 
tant of Artillery, 1810, to May 14, 1818; on Kecruiting service, 1818; on Coiii- 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Sep. 28, 1817) 

missary duty, 1819-20; in garrison at Ft. Severn, Md., 1821-27,— Ft. Trum- 

(Flrst Ldeut., Corps of Artillery, May 30, 1819) 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, in K,e-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

bull, Ct, 1827-28,— and Ft. Independence, Mas., 1829-30; on Recruiting ser- 

(Captain, 3d Artillery, Dec. 31, 1828, to July 7, 1838) 
vice, 1831-32; in ganison at Ft. Independence, Mas., 1833, — and Ft. Monroe, 
Va., 1833-35; in the Florida War, 1835-36; on Ordnance duty, Sep., 1836, to 

(Major Staff — Commissary of Subsistence, July 7, 1838) 
Mar., 1837; and on Commissary duty, 1837-52, in the Subsistence Bureau at 
Washington, D. C, 1837-38,— at Baltimore, Md., 1838^8,— and at New York 
city, 18-48-52. 

Died, Oct. 21, 1852, at New York City. 



146. . ..(Born Mas.) GEORGE BLANEY (Ap'd Mas.) 

Militciry History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Jidy 7, 
1813, to Mar. 4, 1815, when he was* graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. 4, 1815. 
Served : as Asst. Engineer in the repairs of fortiiications in the Castine Dis- 
trict, Me., — and on Survey of the Narrows of the St. LawTence Eiver, 1816-17; 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 31, 1816) 
as Aide-de-Camp to Bvt. Brig. -General Swift, Apr. 21, 1817, to Nov. 12, 1818 ; 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Nov. 12, 1818) 
as Assistant to the Chief Engineer, at Washington, D. C, 1818-20; at the 
Military Academy, as Adjutant, Mar. 9, 1820, to Mar. 1, 1821 ; as Asst. Engi- 
neer in the constraction of the fortifications at Hampton Boads, Va., 1821-22; 
at the Military Academy, as Adjutant, Aug. 12, 1822, to May 25, 1824 ; and as 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1824) 

Superintending Engineer of the construction of Ft. Delaware, Pea Patch Island, 

Dec, 1824r-25,— of Ft. Caswell, N. C, 1825-35,— and of the Improvement of 

(BvT. Major, June 30, 1834, for Faithful Service 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

Cape Fear River, N. C, 1829-35. 

Died, May 15, 1835, at Ft. Johnston, Smithville, N. C. 



147. . (Bom England) . . . .THOMAS J. LESLIE (Ap'd Pa.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 5 
1813, to Mar. 4, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. 4, 1815. 
Served : as Paymaster of Engineers, Nov. 27, 1815, to July 7, 1838, at West 



154 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1815. Class Rank. 

Point, N. Y. 1815-21, 1822-38, and at Washington, D. C, 1821-22, and as 
(Second Lieut., Coeps of Engineeks, Oct. 31, 1816) 
(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. '61, 1819) 
(BvT. Capt., Mar. 31, 1829, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
(Transferred, July 7, 1838, as I\Ia.tor Staff — Paymaster, 
to rank from Nov. 27, 1815) 
Treasurer of the MiUtaiy Academy, Oct. 31, 1816, to Dec. 11, 18il ; as Pay- 
master at West Point, N. Y., 1838-41,— of New York District, 1841-46,— as 
Chief Paymaster at New Orleans, La., 1846-47,— of New York District, 1847-49, 

(Lieut. -CoL. Staff — Dep. Paymaster-Gen., Mar. 3, 1847: Declined) 
—of Charleston harbor, S. C, and Florida District, 1849-50,— of New York 
District, 1850-54,— at S+. Paul, Min., 1854-55,— at St. Louis, Mo., 1855-56, 
—at Washington, D. C, 1856-57,- and at New York city, 1857-61. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66 : as Chief of 
Paymaster's Department for the New York District, since 1861. 

Bvt. Lieut. -Col., — Bvt. Colonel, — and Bvt. Brig. -General, U. S. 
Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and Meritorious Perfor- 
mance of Duty in the Pay Department, during the 
continuous period of Fifty Years' Service. 



148. .(Bom D. C.).... WILLIAM S. EVELETH (Ap'd D. C.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 22, 

1813, to Mar. 4, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Bvt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. 4, 1815. 

Served: at the Military Academy, as Princiiial Asst. Professor of Engineering, 

Mar. 4, 1815, to Sejj. 30, 1816 ; and as Asst. Engineer of the defenses of the 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 31, 1816) 
Northwestern Frontier, 1817-18. 

Died, Oct. 4, 1818, by Shipwreck, on Lake Michigan. 



149 . . (Born England) . . . ROBERT W. POOLER (Ap'd Ga. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Dec. 27, 
1813, to Mar. 4, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. 4, 1815. 
Served as Asst. Engineer in the constniction of the defenses of the Gulf of 
(Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 1, 1817) 

Mexico, 1815-18. 

Eesigned, Aug. 14, 1818. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law, Savannah, Ga., 1821-53. Member of 
the House of liepresentatives of the State of Georgia, 1823-25, — and of the Con- 
vention to amend the Constitution of the State of Georgia, 1839. Captain of 
Light Artillery, Georgia Militia. 1819-22, -and of Infantry, 1824-37. Clerk of 
the Court of Common Pleas and Oyer and Terminer, for the City of Savannah, 
Ga., 1825-28,— of the Court of Ordinary, 1828 -46, -and of the Superior and Li- 
ferior Courts of Chatham Co., Ga., 1828-48. Receiver of Tax Retm-ns of 
Chatham Co., Ga., 1850. 

Died, Dec. 25, 1853, at Savannah, Ga- 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 155 



Number. 1815. Class Eank. 



150 . . (Born Mas. ) WILLIAM H. CHASE ( Ap'd Mas. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 4, 
181-1, to Mar. -1, IS 15, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Coeps or Engineers, Mar. 4, 1815. 

Served : as Asst. Engineer in the constniction of the defenses of Brookljni, 
N. Y., 1815, — in making Siirvcys in the vicinity of Lake Champlain, 1816-17, — 
iu repaii-iug Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1817-18, — and in constnictiug Ft. Pike, La., 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Apr. 15, 1818) 
1819, 1820-22; as Snpei-intending Engineer of the defenses of Rigolets, and 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. 31, 1819) 
Chef Menteur Passes to New Orleans, La., 1822-24, — of Ft. Jackson, Missis- 
sijipi Eiver, La., 1823-24, — of Breakwater for the preservation of Plymouth 
Beach, Mas., 1824, — and of Forts at Rigolets, Chef Menteur, Bienvenue, and 
Bayou Dupr6 Passes to New Orleans, La., 1824-28; on insi^ection of Lnprove- 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, J.\n. 1, 1825) 
ment of Ohio Rivei', 1825, — Red River Raft, 1828, — and sites for Lighthouses 
between Lake Pontchartrain, La., and Mobile Bay, Ala., 1829; as SuiDcrin tend- 
ing Engineer of the construction of the defenses of Pensacola harbor, Fla., 
1828-54. — and of Improvements of Pascagoula River, Mis., 1829, Escambia 
River, 1833-34, Choctaw Pass, Mobile harbor, 1834r-37, and Pass au Ht'ron, 
1834-37; in charge of Ft. Morgan, Ala, 1834-41,— of Ft. Jackson, La., 1835-41,- 

(M.\JOR, Corps of Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
of Improvement of the mouth of the Mississippi, 1836-39, — and of deepening 
Dog River Bar, Mobile Baj', 1837 ; on special Board of Engineers for examina- 
tion of Florida Reef, 1844-45, — of Gulf Frontier of Mississippi and Texas, 
1845,— of Memi^his Navy Yard, Ten., 1851,— of Floating Dock, &.c., at Pen- 
sacola Navy I'ard, Fla., 1851, — of New Orleans Custom House, La., 1851, — - 
and of the Passes of the Mississippi River and Harbor at Lake Pontchartrain, 
with a view to their improvement, 1852; on Board of Engineers for .'Vtlautic 
Coast Defenses, Mar. 13 to Sep. 13, 1848; and as Superintending Engineer of 
Imi^rovement of Choctaw Pass and Dog River Bar, Mobile Bay, Ala., 1852-54, — 
and of couRtruction of Ft. Tayloi-, Key West, Fla., 1854^56. 
Resign-ed, Oct. 31, 1856. 

Civil History. — President of the Alabama and Florida Railroad Company, 
from Montgomery, Ala., to Pensacola, Fla., 1856-61. 
Joined the Rebellion of 1861-66 against the United States. 



151. . (Bom N. Y.) . . .WOLVERT E. WILLIAMS (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy from May 22, 
1813, to Dec. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Ordn.\nce, Dec. 2, 1815. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Dec. 2, 1815, to May 14, 1824; and in garrison 

(Second Lieut., Ordnance, June 30, 1818) 

(Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, Apr. 1, 1824) 

at Ft. 'Monroe, Va. (Conductor of Artilleiy at Artillery School for Practice), 

1824-25,— and Ft. McHeury, Md., 1825-26. 

Dismissed, May 10, 1826, for Disobedience of Obdees. 

Civil History. — Unknown. Supi)osed to have 
Died 18—. 



156 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1815. Class Rank. 

152. . . (Born Va.). . • ."WILLIAM B. DAVIDSON (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 9, 

181-4, to Dec. 2, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-mj' to 

THTRDLrEUT., Ordnance, Dec. 2, 1815. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, Dec. 2, 1815, to Jime 1, 1821; in garrison at Ft 

(Second Leeut., Ordnance, Sep. 1, 1818) 

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organtzation of Army, June 1, 1821) 

Preble, Me., 1821,— Ft. Severn, Md., 1821-25,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. (ArtUlery 

(Transferred to 3d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 
School for Practice), 1825; in Adjutant-General's Office at Washington, D. C. , 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, Jan. 1, 1825) 
July 7, 1825, to May 1, 1834 ; on sick leave of absence, 1834-36; in garrison at 
Ft. Monroe, Va., 1836; on Recruiting service, 1836; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, 
Va. 1836,— and Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1836; and in the Florida War against the 
Seminole Indians, 1837-38, 1838-39, and 1840, being engaged in the Defense 
of Camp Monroe, Feb. 8, 1837,— Combat of Locha-Hatchee, Jan. 24, 1838,— 

(Captain, 3d Artillery, July 7, 1838) 
and Skirmish near Ft. Lauderdale, Feb. 20, 1838. 

Deed, Dec. 25, 1840, at Indian Key, Fla. 



153. . . .(Bom Mas.) JOHN A. WEBBER (Ap'd Mas.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 
1813, to Dec. 11, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Aj-my to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Dec. 11, 1815. 
Served: in garrison at New England Posts, 1815-21 ; and on Commissary and 
(Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Sep. 30, 1816) 
(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Oct. 31, 1819) 
(Febst Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(Transferred to 2d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 
Quartermaster duty at Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1821-24. 
Resigned, Feb. 20, 1825. 
Re-appointed in the United States Ai-my as 

Military Store Keeper of Ordnance, Oct. 12, 1837. 
and served at Watertown Arsenal, near Boston, Mas. , 1837-55. 

Died, May 6, 1855, at Watertown Arsenal, Mas. : Aged 56. 



154.. (Bom N. Y.) THOMAS J. GARDNER (Ap'd N. Y.) 

MiUtciry History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 
1813, to Dec. 11, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 
Bvt. Second Lieut.. Light Artillery, Dec. 11, 1815. 
Seiwed: in garrison at New England Posts, 1815-21, — and at St. Augustine, 
(Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Jan. 1, 1817) 
(First Lieut., Light Artillery, Dec. 31, 1819) 
(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
Fla., 1821-22. 

Died, July 20, 1822, at St. Augustine, Fla. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY.. 157 



NuMBEB. 1813. Class Rank. 

155 . . (Born France) . . . BENJ. L. E. BONNEVILLE (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 

1813, to Dec. 11, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Dec. 11, 1815. 

Served: in garrison at New England Posts, 1815-19; on Eecruiting service, 

(Second Lieut., Light Aktilleky, Jan. 15, 1817) 

1819-20; on consti'iiction of Military Road through Mississippi, 1820; in gar- 

(Second Lieut., 8th Infantry, Mar. 10, 1819) 
rison at the Bay of St. Louis. Mis. , 1820 ; on frontier duty on march from Ft. 

(First Lieut., 8th Infantry, July 9, 1820) 
Smith, Ark., to San Antonio, Tex., 1821-22,— Ft. Smith, Ark., 1822-24,— and 

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1824-25; on leave of absence in France, 1825-26; on frontier 

(Captain, 7th Infantry, Oct. 4, 1825) 
duty at Ft. Gibson, L T., 1826-28,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828-29,— and 
Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1829-31; on an Exploration to the "Far West," across and 
beyond the Rocky Mountains, 1831-36, his Journal of which was edited and 
amplified bj' Washington Ii'ving, and published in 1843; on frontier duty at 
Ft. Gibson, L T., 1836-37,— Mustering friendly Inchans, 1837,— at Ft. Gibson, 
I. T.. 1837-38,— Ft. Towson, L T., 1838,— Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1838,— and Ft. 
Smith, Ark., 1838-39; in the Florida War, 1839-42; on Recruiting service, 
1842; in garrison at Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1843,— Baton Rouge, La., 1843-44,— 
Pass Christian, Mis., 1844, — and Baton Rouge, La., 1844-45; on frontier duty 

(Major, 6th Infantry, July 15, 1845) 
at Ft. Smith, Ark., 1845-46; in the War with Mexico, 1846-47, being engaged 
in the march through Chihuahua, 1846, — in the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 
9-29, 1847,— Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847, —Skirmish of Ama- 
zoque. May 14, 1847,— Capture of San Antonio, Aug. 20, 1847,— Battle of Chur- 
ubusco, Aug. 20, 1847, where he was wounded, — Battle of Mohno del Rey, 
(Bvt. Lieut.-Col., Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious 
Conduct in the Battles of Contreras and 
Churubusco, Mexico) 
Sep. 8, 1847, — Storming of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847, — and Assault and Cap- 
ture of the City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847; on frontier duty at Ft. Kearny, 
Neb., 1849; in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1850-51,— Ft. Howard, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 4th Infantry, May 7, 1849) 
Wis., 1851-52, — and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1852; on frontier duty at Benicia, 
Cal., 1852,— Ft. Vancouver, W. T., 1852-55,— Ft. Filhnore, N. M., 1856,— in 

(Colonel, 3d Infantry, Feb. 3, 1855) 
command of the Department of New Mexico, Oct. 11, 1856, to May 12, 1857, 
headquarters at Santa Fd, — commanding Gila Expedition, 1857, — Albu- 
querque, N. M., 1857-58, — in command of the Department of New Mexico, 
Sep. 16, 1858, to Oct. 25, 1859, headquarters at Santa Fd,— Ft. Marcv, N. M., 
1859-60,— and Ft. Clark, Tex., 1860-61; and on leave of absence, 1861. 
Retired from Active Service, Sep. 9, 1861, for Disability, 
resulting from long and faithful ser'sace, and from 
Sickness and Exposure in the Line of Duty. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: as Super- 
intendent of Recruiting service in Missouri, 1861-62, and 1862-63; as Chief 
Mustering and Disbursing Officer of Missouri, Sep. 20, 1862, to Nov. 17, 1863; 
in command of Benton Barracks, St. Louis, Mo., Mar. 6 to Aug. 1, 1862, and 
Sep. 12, 1862, to Dec. 1, 1865,— and of Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Dec. 1, 1865, 



158 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1815. Class Kank. 

to Oct, 15, 1866; as Commissary of Musters, Department of the Jlissouri, 
(BvT. Beig. -General, U. S. Akmy, Mak. 13, 18G5, fok Long and 
Faithful Seevices in the Aemy) 
Apr. 8, 1863, to Oct. 15, 1866; and unemployed, since Oct. 15, 1866. 



156. . . .(Bom N. Y.) SAMUEL COOPER (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 25, 

1813, to Dec. 11, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

BvT. Second Lieut., Light Aetillery, Dec. 11, 1815. 

Served: in ganison at New England Posts, 1815-18 ; in the Adjutant-Gen- 

(Second Lieut., Light Aetilleey, Nov. 15, 1817) 

eral's Office, at Washington, D. C, 1818-25 ; in garrison at Ft. Marion, Fla., 

(Second Lieut., 1st Aetilleey, in Re-organiz-^tion of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 6, 1821) 

(Teansfeeeed to 4th Aetilleey, Dec. 31, 1824) 

1825-26,— Ft. Mom-oe, Va. (Ai-tiUery School for Practice), 1826-28,— and Ft. 

Columbus, N. Y., 1828 ; as Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Macomb (Gen- 

(Bvt. Capt., July 6, 1831, foe Faithful Seevice 

Ten Years in one Geade) 

eral-in-Chief), May 29, 1828, to June 11, 1836 ; on Staff duty, at headquarters 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, June 11, 1836, to July 15, 1852) 

(Bvt. Majoe Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, July 7, 1838) 

of the Army, 1836-41 ; in the Florida War, as Chief of Staff of Colonel Worth, 

June 28, 1841, to Aug. 17, 1842, being engaged against the Seminole Indians, 

in the Eout of Halleck Tustennuggee's Band in the Big Hammock of Pilak- 

(Lieut.-Col. Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, Mar. 3, 1847) 

(Bvt. Colonel, May 30, 1848, foe Meritorious Conduct, particularly 

in the performance of his Duties in the Prosecution of the 

War with Mexico) 

likaha, Apr. 19, 1842 ; on Special duty in the War Department, 1842-52 ; and 

(Col. Staff — Adjutant-General of the U. S. Army, July 15, 1852 ) 
in charge of the Adjutant-Genei-al's Office at Washiagton, D. C, July 26, 1852, 
to Mar. 7, 1861, 

Resigned, Mab. 7, 1861. 

Civil History. — Compiler of "A Concise System of Instructions and Reg- 
ulations for the Militia and Volunteers of the United States," 1836. 
Joined in the Rebellion of 1861-66, against the United States. 



157. . . .(BomCt.) CHARLES DAVIES (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Dec. 27, 

1813, to Dec. 11, 1815, when he was graduated and promoteil in the Army to 

Bvt. Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Dec. 11, 1815. 

Served : in garrison at New England Posts, 1815-16 ; at the Military Acad- 

(Tran.sferhed, as Second Lieut., to Corps of Engineers, Aug. 31, 1816) 

(Resigned, from Corps of Engineers, Dec. 1, 1816) 

emy, 1816-37, as Principal Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Dec. 1, 1816, to 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 159 



NuMBEB. 1815. Class Kank. 

Oct. 31, 1821, and of Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Oct. 31, 1821, to 

(Pkofessor of Mathematics, Mhitaky Academy, May 1, 1823) 
May 1, 1823,— and Professor of Mathematics, May 1, 1823, to May 31, 1837. 
Resigned, Mat 31, 1837. 

Civil History. — Professor of Mathematics, Trinity College, Hartford, Ct., 
1839 to 18-41. Member of the Board of Visitors to the Military Academy, 
1841. 

Military History.— Ee-appointed in the Army with the rank of 
Major Staff — Paymaster, U. S. Army, Nov. 17, 1841, 
and served as Paymaster at West Point, N. Y., 1841-45, and Treasurer of the 
Military Academy, Dec. 11, 1841, to Dec. 19, 1846. 
Resigned, Sep. 30, 1845. 

Civil EKstory. — Professor of Mathematics and Philosophy, University of 
New I'ork, Sep., 1848, to July, 1849. President of the Teachers' Association of 
the State of New York, Aug. 2, 1843, to Aug. 2, 1844. Professor of Higher 
Mathematics, Columbia Colle^'e, New Y''ork city, May 18, 1857, to June, 1865, 
and Emeritus Professor, since 1865. Author of a complete series of 
Mathematical Text-Books, 1S37-67, embracing "Primary Arithmetic and 
Table-Book;" " First Lessons in Arithmetic ;" "Intellectual Aiithmetic;" "New 
School Arithmetic," and "Key;" "Grammar of Ai'ithmetic ;" "New Uni- 
versitj' Ai-ithmetic," and "Key;" " Elementary Algebra;" " Elementarj' Geom- 
etrj- and Trigonometry;" "Practical Mathematics;" "Elements of Geome- 
try and Trigonometry, from the Works of A. M. Legendre;" "Elements of 
Surveying and Navigation ;" " Analytical Geometry ;" " Difterential and Integral 
Calculus;" "Descriptive Ge mietiy;" "Shades, Shadows, and Perspective;" 
"Logic and Utility of Mathematics;" and (jointly with Professor Peck) 
of " Mathematical Dictionary. " Degree of A. M., confen-ed by Williams Col- 
lege, Williamstown, Mas., 1825, and by College of New Jersey, Princeton, N. J.. 
1824; and of LL. D., by Geneva CoUege, N. Y., 1840. Residence, Fishkill 
Landing, N. Y, 



158.... (Bom O.) JAMEB R. STUBBS (Ap'd O.) 

Military History. — Cad^t of the U. S. Military Academy from Jan. 8, 
1814, to Dec. 11, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Light Artillery, Dec. 11, 1815. 
Served in garrison at New England Posts, 1815-17. 

Resigned, Nov. 15, 1817. 
Re-appointed in the United States Army with the rank of 

Capt. Staff — Asst. Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Nov. 30, 1819. 
Served on Quartermaster duty, 1819-21. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 

Civil History. — Clerk in the U. S. Post-office Department at Washington, 
D. C, 1823-29. 

Died, 1832, at Cincinnati, O. 



160 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. ISIS-IT. Class Rank. 

159. ...(Bom N. Y.) PETER EMBURY (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 4, 
1814, to Dec. 11, 1815, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lteut., Light AetilI/EKT, Dec. 11, 1815. 
Served in garrison at New England Posts, 1815-16. 
Resigned, Nov. 1, 1816. 

Civil History.— Merchant, New York city, 1820-38. 

Deed, Jxjly 2, 1855, at New Yoek Citt. 



160. . . .(Bom S. C.) RICHARD M. -WHITE (Ap'd S. C.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Feb. 8, 

1815, to Dec. 11, 1815, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Bvt. Second Lieut., Light Autilleet, Dec. 11, 1815. 

Second Lieut., Light Aetillert, Dec. 1, 1817. 

Served in garrison at New England Posts, 1815-20. 

Resigned, Aug. 31, 1820. 

Civil History. — Unknown. Supposed to have 

Died, 18—. 



GRADUATES OF 1817. 



161 . (Bom Pa.) . . . .AUGUSTUS L. ROUMFORT (Ap'd Pa.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 26, 
1814, to Apr. 15, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Maeines, Ape. 15, 1817. 

Naval History. — Served at the Marine Barracks in Washington, D. C, 
1817,— and in Philadelphia, Pa., 1817-18. . 

Resigned, Aug. 18, 1818. 

Civil History. — Professor of Mathematics, Mount Airy College, German- 
town, Pa., 1818-26. Superintendent of the "American Classical and Military 
Lyceum," German town. Pa., 1826-34. Captain, Pennsylvania Militia, 
1820 -24,— Lieut. -Colonel, 1824-26,— and Colonel, 1826-32. 

Military History. — Re-appointed in the United States Army as 
MiLiTAEY Stoee Keeper OF Oednance, Dec. 19, 1834. 
Served as Militaiy Store Keeper of Ordnance at Frankfort Arsenal, Pa., 
1834-41. 

Resigned, Ape. 14, 1841. 

Civil History.— Member of the House of Representatives of the State of 
Pennsylvania, 1842, 1843, and 1844. Harbor Master of the Port of Philadel- 
phia, Pa., 1845-48. Brig. -General, Pennsylvania Militia, 1842-49. Siaperintendent 
of the Philadelphia and Columbia Raifroad, Pa., 1850-52, — and of the Eastern 
Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1852-60. Mayor of the City of Hanis- 
burg, Pa., 1863-66. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 161 



NuMBEK. 1817. Class Eank. 



162 . . (Born N. W. Ter. ) . . JAMES M. SPENCER (Ap'd Ind. ) 

Military History.— Cadet* of the U. S. Military Academy from Jan. 1, 

1812, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thied Lieut., Corps of AEXiLiiEET, July 17, 1817. 

Served : in Major-General Jackson's Campaign of 1817-18 against the Sem- 

(Second Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleey, Sep. 28, 1817) 

iuole Indians, and his Invasion of Florida, being engaged in the Seizure of 

Pensaoola, Fla., May 2-4, 1818, — and Bombardment and Capture of Ft. San 

Carlos de Barrancas, Fla., May 26-27, 1818 ; and in gan-ison at Ft. Gadsden, 

(FrRST Lieut., Corps of Artillery, June 26, 1819) 
Fla., 1818-20,— Ft. Charlotte, Mobile Bay, Ala., 1820-22,— Ft. Mackinac, 

(First Lieut., 2d Aetilleey, in Re-oeganization of Aemy, June 1, 1821) 
Mich., 1822-23,— New York harbor, 1823-24,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery 
School for Practice), 1824-25,— Baton Eouge, La., 1825-26,— and Ft. Colum- 
bus, N. Y., 1820-27. 

Died, Aug. 16, 1829, at the Bay of St. Loins, La. 



163. .. . (Bom Mas. ) ISAAC A ADAMS (Ap'd Me.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy fi-om Oct. 1, 
1812, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 17, 1817. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Aetilleey, Sep. 29, 1817. 
Served: as Battahou Adjutant of Artillery, at Norfolk harbor, Va., Dec. 27, 
1818, to June 1, 1821; on Regimental Staff duty at New Orleans, La., 1821-22; 
(First Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleey, July 31, 1819) 
(FiEST Lieut., 3d Aetilleey, in Ee-oeganization of Aemy, June 1, 1821) 
(Teansfeeeed to 4th Aetilleey, Oct. 3, 1821) 
on Ordnance duty, May 1, 1822, to May 6, 1825 ; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, 
Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1825 ; and on Ordnance duty, Oct. 25, 1825, 
to Oct. 19, 1829. 

Died, Oct. 19, 1829, at Baton Eouge, La. 



164 .. . (Born Va.) . . . . WILLIAM M. GRAHAM (Ap'd D. C.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Mihtai-y Academy from June 11, 

1813, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and jn-omoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Coeps of Artillery, July 17, 1817. 

Second Lieut., Corps of Aetilleey, Sep. 30, 1817. 

Served: on Eecruiting service, 1818-19; in constnicting a Mihtai-y Eoad 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Aug. 11, 1819) 

through Mississippi, 1819-20; in ganison at the Baj' of St. Louis, La., 1820-21, 

(Transferred to 8th Infantry, Oct. 20, 1820) 
— and at Pensacola, Fla., 1821-22; on Eecruiting service, 1822-24, on Com- 

(FmsT Lieut., 4th Infantey, in Re-oeganization of Aemy, June 1, 1821) 
missary duty at New Orleans, La., 1824r-25; on leave of absence, 1825-27; in 

* Appointed Cadet for his gallant conduct iu the Uattlu of Tippecanoe, Nov. 7, 1811. 

11 



162 GRADUATES OF THE 



NrrMBER. 1817. Class Eank. 

garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1827-28,— and Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1828-29; 

(BvT. Captain, Aug. 11, 1829, for Faithful Service 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

in Superintending repairs of IMilitary Road from Ft. Brooke to the Seminole 

Agency, Fla., 1829-30; in ganison at Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1830-32,— and Ft. 

(Captain, 4th Infantry, Apr. 4, 1832) 
King, Fla., 1832-35; in the Florida "War against the Seminole Indians, 1835-36, 
1837, 1837-38, being engaged in the Combat of Withlacoochee, Fla , Dec. 31, 
1835, where he was severely (twice) wounded, — Combat of Oloklikaha, 
(BvT. Major, Dec. 31, 1835, for Gallantry and Good Conduct in 
THE Affair of the Withlacoochee, Fla. ) 
Mar. 31, 1836,— and Battle of Okee-cho-bee, Dec. 25, 1837; on Eecruiting ser- 
vice, 1838-40; in the Florida War, 1840; on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, I. T., 
1840-41; in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1841-42, being 
engaged in the Rout of Halleck Tustennuggee's Band in the Big Hammock of 
Pilakliliaha, Apr. 19, 1842; on frontier duty at Ft. Scott, Kan., 1842-45; in Mili- 
tary Occupation of Texas, 1845-46; in the War vnth Mexico, 1846-47, 1847-48, 
being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846,— Battle of Resaca-de-la- 
Pahna, May 9, 1846,— Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846,— Siege of Vera 

(Major, 2d Infantry, Feb. 16, 1847) 
Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19-20, 1847,— Battle of 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 11th Infantry, Apr. 9, 1847) 

Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— and Battle of Molino del Rey, Sep. 8, 1847, 

where, with conspicuous gallantry, in an assault of the enemy's works, he was 

Killed, Sep. 8, 1847 : Aged 49.* 



165... (Bom Va.) JAMES D. GRAHAM (Ap'dVa.) 

Militciry History.— Cadet of the U. S. IMilitary Academy from June 19, 

1813, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 17, 1817. 

Served: at the Military Academy, as Adjutant, Oct. 12, 1817, to Feb. 10, 1819; 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Oct. 14, 1817) 

on Major Long's Western Exploration, 1819-21; on Topograijhical dutj', Jan. 14, 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Sep. 8, 1819) 

(First Lieut. , 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(Transferred to 3d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 

1822, to Jan. 15, 1829; on Surveys in Vermont, 1829; on Railroad Surveys 

(BvT. C.APT. St.^f— Asst. Top. Engineer, Jan. 15, 1829) 
in Virginia, 1831-32,— and in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia, 1836-37; in 

(BvT. Major Staff —Top. Engineer, Sep. 14, 1834) 
making Reconnoissance and Surveys for Military Defenses in Me., 1838; on 
Court of Inquiry at St. Louis, Mo., 1838-39; on tour of inspection of Harbor 

(Major, Corps of Top. Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
Improvements on Lakes Ontario and Cham plain, 1839; as Astronomer on the 
part of the United States, for the joint demarcation of the Boundary between 
the United States and the Republic of Texas, 1839-40; as Commissioner for 



* AltboiiKh twice wonmlcl, ho continnot to act with his habitual oncrgy iin'l flarin?, until 
eiKht more huUots hul pierced him, ami liis horse had received live, when, dismountins; amid a 
shower of bullets (apparently aimed at him), he, composedly as on parade, with his dying, 
breath, shouted to his men: " Charge on those fellows— charge." 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 163 



NuMBEK. 1817. Class Rank. 



the Survoj' and Exploration of the Northeast Boundary' of the United States, 
1840-43; as " Head of the Scientitic Coi-ps and Principal Astronomer," on the 
part of the United States, for the joint demarcation of the Boundary between 
the United States and the British Provinces, under the Treaty of Washington, 
1843-47,— and renewing maps of the Boundary Survey, destroyed by lire, 
(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., Jan. 1, 1847, for Valu.\ble and Highly Distinguished 

SER^^CES, PAKTICULAELY ON THE BoUNDAEY LiNE BETWEEN THE UnITED 

States and the PEO\^NCEs of Canada and New Brunswick ) 
1848-50, and 1852-53; on Survey of Boundary between Pennsylvania and 
Maryland ("^Mason and Di.xon's Line"), 1849-50; as Principal Astronomer 
and "Head of the Scientific Corps," on the part of the United States, for the 
joint demarcation of the Boundary between the United States and Mexico, 
under the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo, 1850-51 ; in general supervision of 
the Harbor Improvements on Lake Michigan, Apr. 20, 1854, to Dec. 11, 1856, — 
and of the Channel Improvement over St. Clair Flats, Apr. 25, 1854, to Sep., 
185G; as Superintending Engineer of the Harbor Improvements on the North 
(Lieut. -Colonel, Top. E.vgineees. Aug., 6, 1861: Corps of Engineers, 
Mae. 3, 18G3) 
and Northwestern Lakes, Dec. 11, 1856, to Apr. 20, 1864, in, which he dis- 
covered the existence of a lunar tide, 1858-59. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-65: as Superin- 
tendent of the United States Lake Survey, Aug. 30, 1861, to Apr. 20, 1864; as 
Light-house Engineer of the 10th and 11th Districts (Northern Lakes, except 
Champlain), Aug. 30, 1861, to Apr. 20, 1864,— and Inspector of 11th Light- 

(CoLONEL, Corps of Engineers, June 1, 1863) 
house District, Aug. 30, 1861, to Mar., 1863; as Superintending Engineer of 
Sea-walls in Boston harbor, and in charge of the Preservation and Repairs of 
Harbor Works on the Atlantic Coast, from Maine to the Capes of the Chesa- 
peake, Aug. 1, 1864, to Dec. 28, 1865. 

Civil History. — Member of several Scientific and Historical Societies, 
1840-65. 

Died, Dec. 28, 1865, at Boston, Mas. : Aged 66. 



166 . . (Bom N. Y. ) . . . CHARLES DESPHSTVILLE ( Ap'd N. T. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. ^Military Academy from July 29, 

1813, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thied Lieut., Coeps of Artillery, July 17, 1817. 

Served- at Ft. Constitution, N. H., in garrison, 1817-20, and as Battalion Ad- 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Oct. 24, 1817) 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artelleky, Sep. 10, 1819) 

jutaut of ArtUlery, July 9, 1820, to June 1, 1821 ; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, 

(First Lieut. 4th Artillery, in Re-organtzation of Army, June 1, 1821) 
N. Y., 1821,— Savannah harbor, Ga., 1821-22,— and St. Augustine, Fla., 1822-24; 
on Topogriiphical duty, Nov., 1824, to Apr., 1825; in gamson at St. Augustine, 
Fla., 1825-26; on Survey of Indian Reservation in Florida, 1826-27; in gar- 
rison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y, 1827-28. -Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for 
Pi-actice), 1828,— Ft. McHenry, Md., 1828,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1828-29,— 
and Ft. Delaware, Del., 1829;' and on leave of absence 1829-30. 
Resigned, Mae. 1, 1830. 

Civil History. — ^Went to France after his resignation, to join the French 
Army upon the Accession of Louis Phillippe to the Throne of France. 
Died, Mat, 1830, in Fbance, 



164 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1817. Class Hank. 

167.... (Bom N. Y.) JOHN C. KIRK (Ap'd N. Y.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Feb. 5, 
1814, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated aud promoted in the Army to 
Thied Lieut., Corps of Arttllekt, July 17, 1817 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Oct. 31, 1817. 
Served : on Reci-uiting service, 1818 ; ingai-rison at Charleston harbor, S. C 
(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Sep. 30, 1819) 
(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, 
June I, 1821) 
(Transferred from 1st to 3d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821, and feom 
3d to 4th, Dec. 5, 1821) 
1818-21 ; and on leave of absence, 1821-23. 

Resigned, Sep. 30, 1823. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 1825, at Brooklyn, N. Y. 



168. . . . (Born R. L) JOHN R. VINTON (Ap'd R. L) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy fi-om May 4, 

1814, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 17, 1817. 

Second Lieut. , Corps of Artillery, Oct. 31, 1817. 

Served : on the Survey of the Northern Boundary of the United States, 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Sep. 30, 1819) 

1818-21 ; in garrison at Charleston harbor, S. C, 1821-22 ; on Ordnance duty, 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, 

June 1, 1821) 

(Transferred to 3d Artillery, Dec. 5, 1821) 

Aug. 20, 1822, to Aug. 1, 1823 ; in garrison at Ft. Nelson, Va., 1823-24,— Ft. 

Monroe, Va. (Adjutant of Artillery School for Practiced, Apr. 5, 1824, to Mar. 

1, 1825; as Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Brown, Mar. 1, 1825, to May 24, 

1828; in Adjutant-General's Office at Washington, D. C, 1828 ; in gai-rison 

at Ft. Wolcott, R. L, 1828-29 ; on Special duty at Boston, Mas., 1829-30 ; in 

(Bvt. Capt., Sep. 30, 1829, for Faithful Service 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

garrison at Ft. Wolcott, R. I., 1830-32,— and Ft. Preble, Me, 1832-36 ; on 

(Captain, 3d Artillery, Dec. 28, 1835) 
Recruiting service, 1836 ; in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 
1837-38, and 1838 42, being engaged in the Defense of Ft. Mellon, Feb. 8, 
1837; in gamson at New Orleans, La., 1842; in garrison at St. Augustine, 
Fla., 1842-43,— Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1843,— Ft. Macon, N. C, 1843-44, 1844, 
-and Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1844-46 ; and in the War with Mexico, 1846-47, 
as Major of Artillery BattaHon of the "Army of Occupation," Aug. 21, 1846, 
to Feb. 14, 1847, being engaged in the Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846, 

(Bvt. Major, Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant Conduct at Monterey) 
— and Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-22, in the approaches to which, by the wind 
of a shell, he was 

Kelled, Mar. 22, 1847. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. IGS 



NtJMBEE. 1817. Class Eane. 

169. . . .(Born Va.) RICHARD B. LEE (Ap'd Va. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from May 7, 

ISli, to Jiily 17, 1817, when he. was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 

Third Lieut., Cokps of Aktilleky, July 17, 1817. 

Second Lieut., Cobps of Artillery, Nov. 24, 1817. 

Served: in gamson at Ft. Washington, Md., 1818; on Recmiting service, 

1818-19; in garrison at Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1819-20,— Ft. Washington, Md., 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Oct. 31, 1819) 
1820-21,— Ft. Severn, Md., 1821-23,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1823,— and Ft. Nel- 

(First Lieut. , 3d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821 ) 

son, Va., 1823; on Ordnance duty, Dec. 21, 1823, to Apr., 1826; in garrison 

at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Ai'tillerv School for Practice^, 1826-28 ; on Ordnance 

duty. Mar. 6, 1828, to Jan. I,"'l833; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 183i-35; 

(BvT. Captain, Oct. 31, 1829, for F.uthful Service 

Ten Years in ont; Grade) 

in the Florida AVar, 1836, being engaged against the Seminole Indians in the 

(BvT. Major, June 9, 1836, for Gallantry and Good Conduct in 

the Affair of Micanopy, Fla.) 

Skirmish near Micanopy, June 9, 1836, where he was twice severely wounded : 

(Capt-atn, 3d Artillery, Aug. 31, 1836, to Nov. 30, 1841) 
on Ordnance duty, Oct. 28, 1836, to July 7, 1838 ; on Commissary duty, July 7, 

(Capt. Staff — Com. of Subsistence, July 7, 1838) 
1838, to May 9, 1861, at St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 8, 1838, to Nov. 15, 1841,— at 
Cedar Keys, Fla., 1841-42, — at Washington, D. C. settling accounts, 1842, — 

(Major Staff — Com. of Sl-bsistence, Nov. 30, 1841) 
at St. Louis, Mo., 1842-49, — as Chief of Commissariat of Pacific Division, Aug. 
29, 1849, to Mar. 10, 1851, continuing on Special service in California and 
Oregon, to Aug., 1851, — at Washington, D. C, as Member of Board of Officers 
on California Claims, Sep. 7, 1852, to Apr. 3, 1855, — as Chief of Commissariat 
of the Pacific Division, June 18, 1855, to June 18, 1859, — at Washington, D. C. 
Aug. -Oct. 1859,— and at Baltimore, Md., Aug., 1859, to May 9, 1861. 
Resigned, IVL^y 9, 1861. 
Joined in the rebellion of 1861-66 against the United States. 



170 ,. , (Born Va. ) . . . FREDERICK L. GRIFFITH (Ap'd Va. ) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military' Academy from May 9, 

1814, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 17, 1817. 

Served : in Major-General Jackson's Campaign of 1817-18 against the Semi- 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Dec. 9, 1817) 

nole Indians, and his Invasion of Florida; as Battalion Adjutant of Artillery 

at Charleston harbor, S. C, June 1, 1818, to June 1, 1821; in gamson at West 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Nov. 28, 1819) 
Point, N. Y., 1821-22,— Charleston, S. C, 1822-23, —West Point, N. Y. 1823-24, 
(FiRST Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Ee-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(Transferred to 2d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 
—and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice^, 1824-26; in Quarter- 
master-General's Office, 1826-27; at the MUitarv Academv, as Adjutant, May 
14, 1827, to Sep. 1, 1831; and on sick leave of absence, 1831-32. 
Died, Jan. 28, 1832, at Alexandria, D. C. 



166 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1817. Class Rank. 

171 . (Born D. C.)... .EDWARD J. LAMBERT (Ap'd D. C.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 18, 
181i, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Thied Lieut., Cokps of Artillery, July 17, 1817. 
Served: in Major-General Jackson's Campaign of 1817-18 against the Sem- 
(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, AIar. 1, 1818) 
iuole Indians, and his Invasion of Florida ; in garrison in the defenses of the 
approaches to New Orleans, La., 1818-19 ; on Engineer duty at Mobile Point, 
(Second Leeut., 8th Infantry, Mar. 10. 1819) 
(Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, in Ee-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(First Lieut., 1st Infantry, May 1, 1822) 
Ala., 1819-21 ; and in garrison at Baton Kouge, La., 1821-22, — and Mobile, 
Ala., 1822-23. 

Eesigned, Sep. 30, 1823. 

Civil History.— Civil Engineer in Alabama, 1823-33. Member of the 
House of Eopresentatives of the State of Alabama, 18 — to 18 — . 
Died, 1833, at Washington, D. C. 



172 . (Eom N. C. ) . . WILLIAM GIBBS McNEILL (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 26, 
1814, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Aktilleey, July 17, 1817. 
Served: on Topographical duty, July, 1817, to June 27, 1823; on Survey of 
(Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Mae. 1, 1818) 
(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Dec. 4, 1819) 
(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Ke-oeganization of Ahmy, June 1, 1821) 
(BvT. Capt. Staff— Asst. Top Engineee, Jan. 27, 1823) 
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, 1824-26, -of Kanawha, James, and Roanoke Riv- 
ers, Va., 1827, —of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 1827, and as Alfmber of the 
Board of Civil Engineers for the construction of the Road, 1827-30, — of Bal- 
timore and Susquehanna Railroad, 1830, of which he was the Company's Chief 
Engineer, 1830 36, — of Paterson and Hudson River Raihoad, N. J., 1831, and 
Company's Chief Engineer, 1831-34, — of Boston and Providence Railroad, 
1832 33, and Company's Chief Engineer, 1832-35, -of Providence and Ston- 
(BvT. Major, Jan. 27, 1833, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
ingtou Railroad, 1832-33, and Company's Chief Engineer, 1832-37,— of Rail- 
roads in Florida and Alabama, 1834, — of Taunton and New Bedford Railroad, 

(BvT. Major Staff -Top. Engineer, Jan. 28, 1834) 
Mas., and Company's Chief Engineer, 1835, —of Fayettville and Yadkin Rail- 
road, N. C, and Company's Chief Engineer, 1835, — of Long Island Railroad, 
N. Y., and Company's Cliief Engineer, 1835-36, — of Western Railroad, Mas., 
1830-37, -and of Examination of the Coasts of North and South Carolina, 1837. 
Resigned, Nov. 23, 1837. 

Civil History. -Chief Engineer of the AVesteni Railroad, Mas., from Wor- 
cester to Albany, 1836-40,— of the State of Georgia, 1837,— of Charleston, H. C, 
Louisville, Ky., and Cincinnati, 0., projected Railroad, 1837-40, — and of Dry 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 1G7 



NuMBEK. 1817. Class Eank. 

Dock at Brooklj'ii Navy Yard, N. Y. , 1844-45. President of Chesapeake and Ohio 
Canal Company, 1842-43. Consulting Engineer of various Railroads and other 
pnlilic works in the United States and Cuba, 1830-53. Major-General, lihode 
island Militia, 1842. 

Died, Feb. 16, 1853, at Beooklyn, N. Y. 



173. . . .(Born Va.). . . .ANGUS W. McDONALD (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 30, 

1814, to July 17, 1817, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thikd Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleey, July 17, 1817. 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantky, Feb. 13, 1818. 

FzRST Lieut., 7th Infantky, Ape. 1, 1818. 

Served: in garrison at New Orleans, La., 1817, — and Mobile Bay, Ala., 1818. 

Eesigned, Jan. 31, 1819. 

Civil History. — Fur Trader of Missouri Company, 1819-25. Counsellor at 
Law, llomney, Va., 1825-61. Biig. -General, Vkginia Militia, 1840-61. 
Joined in the EebeUion of 1861-66 against the United States, and 
Died, Jan. 1, 1865, at Kichmond, Va, : Aged 62. 



174. . . .(Born Va.) HENRY BERRYMAN (Ap'd Va.) 

Militai-y History.— Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Aug. 6, 

1814, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and i^romoted in the Ai-my to 

Third Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleey, July 17, 1817. 

Served: in garrison at Petite Coquille (Ft. Pike), La., 1818-19; on Recruiting 

(Second Lieut., 7th Infantky, Feb. 13, 1818) 

(FiKST Lieut., 7th Infantry, Dec. 31, 1818) 

service, 1819-20; and in ganison at Ft. Scott, Ga., 1820-21; and on frontier 

duty, at Natchitoches, La., 1821-22,— Sulphur Fork of Red River, 1822-24,— 

(Captain, 7th Infantky, Oct. 6, 1822) 

Ft. Jesup, La., 1824-26, 1826-30, 1830 -31,— Ai-kansas River, 1831-32,— and 
Ft. Gibson, L T., 1832. 

Resigned, Ape. 30, 1833. 

Civil History. — Planter, Natchitoches, La., 1833^7, and ia Cherokee Co., 
Tex., 1847 59. Colonel, Louisiana Militia, 1833-47. 

Died, July 20, 1859, at Forrest Hill, Cherokee Co. , Tex. : Aged 61. 



175 . . (Bom N. Y. ) . . . CONSTANTINE M. E AKIN (Ap'd N. Y. ) 

Military History.- Cadet of the U. S. Militai-y Academy from Sep. 15, 
1814, to July 17, 1817, when ho was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Corps of Aetilleey, July 17, 1817. 
Served: at the Military Academy as Priacipal Asst. Professor of Engineering, 



168 GEADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK. 1817. Class Rank. 

Sep. 20, 1817, to July 31, 1820; jOn Recruiting service, 1820; in garrison at 

(Second Lieut., Cokps of Aetilleey, Mak. 20, 1818) 

Charleston harbor, S. C, 1820-21; on Topogi-aphical duty, Feb. 4, 1821, to 

(FiEST Lieut , Coeps of Aetilleet, Mat 13, 1820) 

(FiEST Lieut., 2d AEirLLEEY, in Ee-oeganization of Aemy, 
June 1, 1821) 

Aug. 17, 1825; in garrison at New York harbor, 1825-26; as Recorder of Tac- 
tics Boai-d, 1826-27; on Ordnance duty, Nov. 5, 1827, to Apr. 5, 1828; and in 
garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. , 1828. 

Resigned, Oct. 27, 1828. 

Civil History. — Assistant in the Geodetic Survey of the Atlantic Coast of 
the United States, Feb. 7, 1834, to Apr. 15, 1850. Civil Eusiueer, 1850-61. 
Mayor of West Philadelphia, Pa., 1852 and 1853. President of West Philadel- 
phia Gas "Works, 1852 -53. Engineer of Belmont Plank Road and Gerard and 
Montgomery Avenues, Philadelphia Co., Pa., 1853-55. Commissioner for 
Boundary Survey between Philadelphia and Montgomery Counties, Pa., 1855. 
Sujjerinteudeut of Repaii'S of the IJ. S. INIint, Philadelphia, Pa., 1856. Presi- 
dent of West Philadelphia Railroad, 1857-58. 

Military History. — Served during the RebeUion of the Seceding States, 
1861-62: in making a Reconnoissance of the Susquehanna River, below Har- 
risburg, and country adjacent, to the head of Chesapeake Bay, Sep. 11 to Nov. 
15, 1861 ; and in command of the 3d Regiment, Reserve Brigade, Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, in protecting Powder Mills near Wilmington, Del., Sep. 
15-30, 1862. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer at West Philadelphia, Pa., since 1862. 
MiUtary Listructor in the Polytechnic College, Philadelphia, Pa., since 1861. 



176. . . .(Born Ky.) JOHN D. ORR (Ap'd Ky.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 20, 
1814, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and i^romoted in the Army to 
Thxrd Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleey, July 17, 1817. 
Served at New Orleans, La., 1817. 

Resigned, Dec. 1, 1817. 
Re-appointed in the United States Army with the rank of 
Second Lieut., 4th Inpantey, Feb. 13, 1818, 
but declined, and was again ro-appointed in the Ai'my, 

Capt. Staff— Asst. Dep. Quaeteemaster-Gen., May 17, 1820, 
and served on Quartermaster duty, 1820-21. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 
Re-appointed in the Army, and served in the Quartermaster Depart- 
ment, as 

Military Store Keeper, feom June 1 to Dec. 31, 1821. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 1822, at New Orleans, La. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 169 



NuMBEB. 1817 Class Eank. 



177. . . .(Born Vt.1. . . .ETHAJST A. HITCHCOCK* (Ap'd Yt.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Oct. 11, 
1814, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Coeps of Aetzlleky, July 17, 1817. 
Transferred upon application, and promoted to 

Second Lieut., 8th Infantry, Feb. 13, 1818. 
Served: in garrison at Mobile, Ala., 1817-18, — and New Orleans, La., 
(First Lieut., 8th Infantry, Oct. 31, 1818) 
1818-19; as Adjutant, 8th Infantry, June 1, 1819, to June 1, 1821, being on 

(Flrst Lieut., 1st Infantry, in Ee-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
Recruiting service, 1819; in garrison at the Bay of St. Louis, Mis., 1821-22, — 
and at Baton Kouge, La., 1822-23; on Recruiting service, 1823-24; at the 
Militaiy Academy, as Asst. Instructor of Infantry Tactics, Feb. 1, 1824, to 

(Captain, 1st Infantry, Dec. 31, 1824) 
Apr. 20, 1827; on Recruiting service, 1827-29; at the Military Academy, as 
Commandant of Cadets and Instructor of Infantry Tactics, Mar. 13, 1829, to 
June 24, 1833; on frontier duty at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1834-35; volunteered 
for a campaign in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836, being 
engaged in the Skirmishes at Camjj Izard, Feb. 27, 28, 29, and Mar. 5, 1836; 
as Acting Inspector-General of the Western Department, Feb. 10 to July 5, 
1836; on Recruiting service, 1836-37; as disbursing Indian Agent, Mar. 2, 
1837, to Dec. 31, 1839; on Northern Frontier, at Madison Barracks, N. Y., 

(Major, 8th Infantry, July 7, 1838) 
1840, during Canada Border disturbances; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, 
Mo., 1840; in the Florida War, 1840; on Special duty in the War Department, 
Sep. 29, 1841, to Aug. 29, 1842; in garrison at Ft. Stausbury, Fla., 1842; in 
command of the Western District of Florida, from which he removed Pascofa's 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 3d Infantry, Jan. 31, 1842) 

band of hostile Indians, 1842-43; in garrison at Ft. Stansbury, Fla., 1843, — 

and Jefferson Bai-racks, Mo., 1843-44; on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup (Camp 

Wilkins), La., 1844-45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845-46; on sick 

leave of ab.sence, 1846-47; in the War with Mexico, 1847-48, being engaged in 

the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847. —Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 

1847,— Battle of Chui-ubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— Battle of MoUno del Rey, Sep. 8, 

(BvT. Colonel, Aug. 20, 1847, foe Gallant and Meritorious 

Conduct in the Battles of Contreras and 

Churubusco, Mex.) 

1847, — Storming of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847, — Assault and Capture of the 
(Bvt. Brig. -General, Sep. 8, 1847, foe Gallant and Meritorious 
Conduct in the Battle of Molino del Rey) 
City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847, — and as Acting Inspector-General of the 
Army commanded by Major-General Scott diu-iug the Campaign of 1847-48; 
in mustering out Volunteers at Independence, Mo., 1848; on sick leave of 
absence, 1849-50; on detached service at Washington, D. C, 1850-51; in 

(Colonel, 2d Infantry, Ape. 15, 1851) 
command of the Pacific Division, July 9, 1851, to May 21, 1854; and in gar- 
rison at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 1854-55. 

Resigned, Oct. 18, 1855. 

Civil History. — Resided at St. Louis, Mo., engaged chiefly in literary 
pursuits, 1855-62. 

* General Hitchcock is a granason of Genera] E^thak Allen — the hero of Ticonderoga and 
Croyn I'oint. 



170 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1817. Class Bank. 

Military History.— Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 
(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, Feb. 10, 1862) 
1862-66 on Special duty, under the direction of the Secretary of War, at 
Washington, D. C, since Mar. 17, 1862; and as Commissioner for the Exchange 
of Prisoners of War, since Nov. 15, 1862. 

Civil History. — Tendered the appointment oi Governor of Libei-ia, by the 
American Colonization Society, Apr., 1833 (declined); and again, 1837 
(declined). Author of "Remarks upon Alchemj'and the Alchemists," * 1857; 
"Swedeuborg a Hermetic Philosopher," * 1858; "Christ the Spirit," f I860; 
"Red Book of Appin, and other Fairy Tales," 1863; "Remarks on the Son- 
nets of Shakespeare, <tc. ;" J " Spencer's Colin Clouts Explained, itc," || 1865; 
and of Notes on the "Vita Nuova of Dante," to explain its spu-itual char- 
acter and pui-jjose, 1806. 



178. . . .(Born Va.). . . .JOHN M. WASHINGTON (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History.— Cadet of the U. S. Mihtary Academy fi-om Oct. 24, 

181-4, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 17, 1817. 

Served: in garrison at Charleston harbor, S. C, 1817-18; as Battalion Quar- 

(Second Lieut., Corps of Abtillery, Mir. 20, 1818) 

termaster of Artillery, 1818-20; on Florida Frontier, 1820-21; in garrison at 

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, May 23, 1820) 
Savannah harbor, Ga., 1821-22,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1822-24,— Augusta, Ga., 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
1824,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824-26.— and Ft. 
Marion, Fla., 1826-27; on Ordnance duty, Jan. 31, 1827, to Jan. 1, 1833; in 
(BvT. Captain, May 23, 1830, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
(C.1PTAIN, 4th Artillery, May 30, 1832) 
garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1833; in Operations in Creek Nation, 1833-34; in 
garrison at Ft. Macon, N. C, 1834,— and Ft. Monroe, Va., 1834-36; in Opera- 
tions in Creek Nation, 1836; in the Florida War, 1836-38, being engaged 

(Capt. Staff^Asst. Qu.\rtermaster, July 7, 1838, to Apr. 11, 1839) 
against the Seminole Indians in the Combat of Locha-Hatchec, Jan. 24, 1838; 
in the Cherokee Nation, 1838, while emigratuig the Indians to the West; in 
the Florida War, 1838-39; at the Camp of Instruction, near Trenton, N, J., 
1839; on the Northern Frontier, during Canada Border disturbances, at Dear- 
bornville, Mich., 1839-40, -Detroit, Mich., 1840-41, and Buflalo, N. Y., 
1841-42; in garrison at Ft. McHenry, Md., 1842,— and Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 

* Tiles'^ Works aro designed to show that the Koniiino Alchemists wore rcli-.'ious i>hi!osophers, 
writing in Symboli.snti, — th.at the I'hilosoplior's Stono was a Symbol of Truth ; and that Swe- 
donliorj; was proporly a Hermetic philosopher, — that is, a Moral aud Spiritual philosopher, who 
wrotu in r-'ymbulism. 

f The obji'ct is to show that the Gospi3lsarc Symbolical books, written by members of a socrot 
society, of the Jews (the Kssones). who recognized a certain Spiritual sonso, underlying the 
letter of the Hebrew Sicrod law : Christ is the Law por.soniQed ; the Law in its si'imr, is Ihj 
Son of God ; and, as a witmNO, the son of man. — (.Vee Philo on the Contemplative Life.) 

J The object is to show that the Sonnets wore not addressed to a person, but to Nature, as 
double Spirit and Matter, called the Master-Mistress, o.' Love of the Poet (vide .Smnot 20). 

H TI\o object is to show that Colin Clouts is a poetic and figurative description of the progress 
of a Life under tlio Guidance of the Gospel Spirit of Truth, represented by the figure of a 
"Strange Shepherd," &o 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 171 



NuMBEK. 1817—18. Class Rank. 



1842-46; in the War with Mexico, 181G-48, with Brig.-General Wool's columu 

(Majok, 3d Artilleky, Feb. 16, 1847) 
on the march from San Antonio, Tex., to Saltillo, Mex., 1846-47, — in command 
of battery in the Battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 22-23, 1847, — as Acting Gover- 
(BvT. Lieut. -Cot,. , Feb. 23, 1847, fok Gallant and Mekitoeious 
Conduct in the Battle of Buena Vista, Mex. ) 
nor of Saltillo, Mex., June 24 to Dec. 14, 1847,— and Chief of Artillery of 
Brig.-General Wool's Division, Mar. 12, to Dec. 9, 1847, and of the "Army of 
Occupation," Dec. 9 to May 30, 1848; in command of Expedition to Santa 
Fe, N. M., 1848; as Civil and Mihtary Governor of New Mexico, Oct., 1848, 
to Oct. 23, 1849; in garrison at Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1850-52; and on voy- 
age to California, 1853, in the Steamer San Francisco, from which he was 
washed overboard, Dec. 24, 1853, during a violent storm, by a heavy sea, wMch 
swcjjt off four officers, ISO soldiers of the 3d Ai'tillery, with several others, all 
of whom, save two, perished with him. 

Dkowned, Dec. 24, 1853, in the Gulp Stbeam. off the 
Capes of the Delavv^abe. 



179. . . .(Born Va.) AMBROSE MADISON (Ap'd Va.) 

Military History. — Cadet of the U. S. Military Academy from July 9, 
1816, to July 17, 1817, when he was graduated and iiromoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut. , Marines, July 17, 1817. 

Naval History. — Served at the Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C, 
1817-18. 

Resigned, July 21, 1818. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law, Orange Court House, Va., 1820 to 18—. 
Member of the House of Delegates of the State of Virginia, 18 — to 18 — . 
History after 1820, unknown. 



CLASS OF 1818. 



180 . . (Bom N. Y. ) RICHARD DEL AFIELD (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 1 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. IMilitaiy Academy from May 4, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 24, 1818. 

Served: as Astronomical and Topographical Draughtsman to the American 
Commission, under the Treaty of Ghent, for running the Northern Boundary 
of the United States, 1818; as Assi.staut Engineer in the construction of the 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Aug. 29, 1820) 
defenses of Hampton Roads, Va., 1819-24; as Superintending Engineer of the 
Fortifications at Plaquemine Bend of the Mississippi River, 1824-32; in charge 

(Captain, Corps of Engineebs, May 24, 1828) 
of Survey of the mouths of the Mississippi, 1829; as Engineer of the New Or- 
leans Canal and Banking Company, 1831-32 ; in general supervision of ImiDrove- 
ment of Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, 1831-32; as Superintending Engineer of 
the Cumberland Road east of the Ohio, —of the construction of Ft. Delaware, 
Del., -repairs of Ft. Mifflin, Pa., -and of the Improvement of H.irui us in Del- 
aware River, and of the Breakwater at the Mouth of Delaware Bay, 1832-38; as 



172 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK. 1818. Class Rank. 

Superinteudent of the U. S. Militaiy Academy, Sep. 1, 1838, to Aug. 15, 1845; 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
as Superintending Engineer of the defenses of New York harbor, 1846-55, — 
and of Hudson River Improvement, 1852-55; as Light-house Engineer of the 
New York District, 1853; as Chief Engineer of the DLp:irtiaeut of Texas, Aug. 4, 
1853, ti Mar. 31, 1854; as Member of the Board of Engineers for the Atlantic 
Coast Defenses of the United States, Sep. 8, 1845, to Apr. 2, 1855, and for Har- 
bor and River Improvements, Sep. 2, 1854, to Nov. 20, 1855,— of Board for the 
Ai-mament of Fortifications, Nov. 4, 1854, to Apr. 2, 1855,— and of MiUtary 
Commission to the Crimea and theatre of war in Europe, 1855-56, his observa- 
tions, entitled "Report on the Art of War in Europe, in 1854, 1855, and 1856," 
being published by order of Congress, in 1860; as Superintendent of the U. S. 
MiUtary Academy,* Sep. 8, 1856, to Mar. 1, 1861,* with the rank of Colonel (ex- 
officio) from June 12, 1858; and as President of the Board to revise the Pro- 
gramme of Instruction at the Militai-y Academy, Jan. 12 to Apr. 24, 1860. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-1866: on the Staflf 
of Gov. Morgan, to re-organize and equip the New I'ork State forces for the 
field, and to supply ordnance stores for the Atlantic and Lake Defenses, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Aug. 6, 1861) 
1861-63; as Superintending Engineer of the defenses at the Narrows entrance 
to New York harbor, July 5, 1861, to May 19, 1864,— of the Fortitications at 
Governor's Island, N. Y., July 5, 1861, to Jan., 1863,— and of Fort at Sandy 

(Colonel, Corps of Engineers, June 1, 1863) 
Hook, N. J., Nov. 12, 1861, to Mar. 19, 1864; as Member of Commission to 
examine Stevens' submerging iron Steam Batteiy, 1862 ; in command of the 

(Brig. -General, and Chief of Engineers of the U. S. Armt, Apr. 22, 1864) 
Corps of Engineers and in charge of the Engineer Bureau at Washington, 
D. C, May 18, 1864, to Aug. 8, 1866; as Inspector (ex-ofiacio) of the Military 
Academy, Apr. 22, 1864, to July 30, 1866 ; as Member of a Commission on 
Encroachments of the Ocean at Sandy Hook, N. J., Feb. 20, 1864, to June 30, 
(BvT. Maj. -General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful, Mer- 
itorious, AND Distinguished Services in the Engineer 
Department during the Rebellion) 
1867, — and of the Lighthouse Board, since July 11, 1864. 

Retired from Active Service, Aug. 8, 1866, under the Law of July 
17, 1862, "having been Borne on the Army Register 

over 45 YEARS." 

Civil History. — Member of Commission for the Improvement of the Har- 
bor of Boston, Mas., since July 15, 1864. Regent of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion at Washington, D. C, since Feb. 14, 1865. 



181. . (Born Ct.) AJSTDREW TALCOTT (Ap'd Ct.). .2 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Mar. 14, 
1815, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 24, 1818. 
Served : as Asst. Engineer in the construction of fort at Rouse's Point, out- 
let of Lake Champlain, N. Y., 1818 19 ; as Engineer and Aide-de-Camp on the 

(Secont) Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Aug. 14, 1818) 
staff of Bvt. Brig. -General Atkinson, on the Expedition to establish posts on 

• Col. DolaflBid was relieved of the Riporintendency of the Military Academy, Jan. 23, 1861, 
but resumed the command, Jan. 28, 1861. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 173 



NrMBEK. 1818. Class Eank. 

the Upper Missouri and Yellow Stone Rivers, Nov. 1, 1820, to Apr. 30, 1821 ; 

(First Lleut., Corps of Engineers, Oct. 1, 1820) 
as Asst. Engineer in the construction of the defenses of Hamjjton Roads, Va., 
1821-24 ; as Suijerintcuding Engineer of operations preliminary to fortifying 
Brentou's Point (site of Ft. Adams), R. I., and New Utrecht Point (site of Ft. 
Hamilton), N. Y., 1821-25,— of construction of Ft. Delaware, Del., 1825-20,— 
of Dismal Swamp Canal, 1826-28,— and of Ft. Monroe, 1828-34, and Ft. Cal- 
(BvT. Captain, Oct. 1, 1830, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
houn, 1828-35, Hampton Roads, Va. ; as Astronomer for the determination of 
the Boundary Line between the States of Ohio and Michigan, Dec. 1, 1832, to 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Dec. 22, 1830) 
Maj' 30, 1836 ; and as Superintending Engineer of the Improvement of the 
Hudson River, N. Y., 1834-36. 

Resigned, Sep. 21, 1836. 

Civil History. — Adjunct Chief Engineer of the New York and Erie Rail- 
road, and in charge of its Western Division, June 21, 1856, to Apr. 30, 1837. 
Supei'intendent of the Improvement of the Delta of the Mississippi River, 
Apr. 20, 1837, to Feb. 28, 1839. Member of the Commission for the exploration 
and sui-vey of the North-east Boundary of the United States, July 26, 1840, to 
Feb. 28, 1843, — and of Naval Officers and Engineers, for Examining Ports- 
mouth and Pensacola Navy Yards, and projecting Stone and Floating Docks 
therefor, July, 1844, to Mar. 4, 1845. Chief Engineer of Richmond and Dan- 
ville Railroad, Va., Jan. 11, 1848, to July 31, 1855. Astronomer and Smweyor 
for the demarcation of the Northern Boundary of the State of Iowa, Feb. 16, 
1852, to June 27, 1853. Superintendent of Repairs of U. S. Mint, at Philadel- 
phia, Pa., May 26, 1855, to May 8, 1856. Chief Engineer of the Ohio and 
Mississippi Railroad from Cincinnati, O., to St. Louis, Mo., May 1, 1856, to 
Nov. 30, 1857, — and of the Mexico and Pacific Railroad, from Vera Cruz, Mex., 
through the City of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean, since Dec. 1, 1857. 



182 . (Born Del. ) S. STANHOPE SMITH (Ap'd Del. ) . . 3 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Nov. 11, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Aktllleet, July 24, 1818. 
Served at the Mihtary Academj', 1818-28, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, 
(First Lieut., Corps of Artilleey, Nov. 30, 1820) 
Aug. 30, 1818, to Oct. 31, 1821,— as Principal Asst. Professor of Mathematics, 
(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(Tr.ansferred to 3d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 
Oct. 31, 1821, to Sep. 1, 1823,— and as Principal Asst. Professor of Natural 
and Experimental Philosophy, Sep. 1, 1823, to Sep. 10, 1828. 
Died, Sep. 10, 1828, at Wilbiington, Del. 



183 (Bom Vt.) HORACE WEBSTER (Ap'd Vt.). .4 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy fi-om Oct. 24, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lleut., 3d Infantry, July 24, 1818. 
Served at the Military Academy, 1818-25, as Asst. Professor of Mathe- 
(FmsT Lieut. , 3d Infantry, Apr. 5, 1820) 



17-i GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1S18. Class Eank. 

matics, Aiic;. 30, 1818, to Sep. 1, 1823, — and as Principal Asst. Professor of 
Mathematics, Sep. 1, 1823, to Oct. 3, 1825. 

Resigned, Dec. 31, 1825. 

Civil History. -Professor of ^Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, Geneva 
College, N. Y., 1.S25-48. Principal of Free Academy, New Yorlc city ^now Col- 
lege of New York), since July 19, 18-18; and Professor therein of Aloral and 
Intellectual Philosophy, Oct. 15, 1851, to July 7, 1852, and of Moral, Intel- 
lectual and Political Philosophj-, since July 7, 1852. Degree of A. M., con- 
ferred by Nassau HaU, Princeton, N. J., 1823; and of LL. D., by Kenyon 
College, Gambler, 0., 1842, and by Columbia College, New York city, 1849; 
and of M. D. , by the University of Pennsylvania, 1850. 



184. .(Born D. C.) SAMUEL RINGGOLD (Ap'd Md.). .5 

Mnitaiy History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtaiy Academy from Oct. 24, 

1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was gTaduated and promoted in the Ai-mj' to 

Second Lieut., Cokps or Aetillery, July 24, 1818. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1818; as Acting Aide-de-Camp to Bvt. 

Maj. -General Scott, Dec, 1818, to July 2, 1821; on Toi^ographical duty, July 2 

(Second Lieut., 2d Abtillery, in Re-oeganization or Army, June 1, 1821) 

(Transferred to 3d Artillery, Aug. 1G, 1821) 

to Dec. 14, 1821; as Aide-de-Camp to Bvt. Maj. -General Scott, Dec. 14, 1821, 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, JLvy 8, 1822) 
to July 12, 1823; m garrison at Ft. Severn, Md., 1824,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. 
(Ai-tilleiy School for Practice), 1822~2G; on Ordnance duty, Apr. 14, 1826, to 
Dec. 23, 1830, and Mar. 31 to Oct. 31, 1831; in garrison at Ft. Macon, N. C, 
(Bvt. Captain, May 8, 1832, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
1832-35; on Ordnance duty, Jan. 14, 1835, to Aug. 29, 1836 ; in Florida War, 

(Captain, 3d Artillery, Aug. 31, 1836) 

1836-37; in garrison atCarUsle Barracks, Pa., 1838-39; at the Camp of Instruc- 

(BvT. lilAJOR, Feb. 15, 1838, for Meritorious Conduct in AcTn-iTY and 

Efficiency in the W.ar against the Florida Indians) 

tion near Trenton, N. J., 1839; in garrison at Ft. McHemy, Md., 1834 43; 

on detached service at West Point, N. Y., June 17 to Oct., 1843; in garrison 

at Ft. McHemy, Md., 1843-45; with the "Army of Occupation" in Te.xas, 

1845-46; in the War with Mexico, 1846, being engaged in the Battle of Pido 

Alto, Tex., May 8, 1846, where he was mortally wounded, while gallantly 

directing the tire of the battery of horse artillery under his command. 

Died of Wounds, May 11, 1846, at Point Isabel, Tex. : Aged 46. 



185. .(Bom N. J.) HARVEY BROWN (Ap'd N. J.). .6 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Oct. 11, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, July 24, 1818. 

Served: in garrison at Boston, Mas., and New London, Ct., 1818-21; on 
Commissarj' duty at St. Augustine, Fla., 1821-24; as Aide-de-Camp to Major- 

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, in He-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(Transferred to 4th Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Aug 23, 1821) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 175 



Number. 1818. Class Rank. 

General Brown, Oct. 21, 1824, to July, 1825; on Commissary duty at St. Augus- 
tine, Fla., 1825-2G; as Asst. Quartermaster, 1826-29; in garrison at Ft. Colum- 

(AssT. Quartermaster, May 19, 1826, to Feb. 25, 1829) 
bus, N. Y., 1829,— Ft. Delaware, Del., 1829-31,— New Castle, Del., 1831,— Ft. 
(BvT. Captain, Aug. 23, 1831, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
Columbus, N. Y., 1831,— and Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1831-32; in "Black Hawk 
Expedition," 1832, but not at seat of war; in gan-ison at Ft. Columbus N Y 
1832-34,— Ft. HamUton, N. Y., 1834,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y, 1834-35,— and Ft 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, Apr. 10, 1835) 
Hamilton, N. Y., 1835-36; iu Operations in Creek Nation, 1836; in the Florida 
War, 1836-38, as Lieut. -Colonel, Beg. Mounted Creek Volunteers, Sep. 1, 1836, 
to Sep. 18, 1837, being engaged against the Seminole Indians in the Battle of 
Wahoo Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836, — and on Quartermaster duty at St. Au»ustiue. 
(BvT. Major, Nov. 21, 1836, for Gallant Conduct on Several 
Occasions, and General Efficiency in the War 
against the Florida Indians) 
Fla., 1837-38; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1838; in the Florida War, 
1838-39; at the Camp of Instmction near Trenton, N. J., 1839; on the North- 
ern Frontier during Canada Border disturbances, at Ft. Mackinac Mich 
1839-11,— Ft. Brady, Mich., 1841,— and Buftalo, N. Y, 1841-42; on Eecnut^ 
ing sersice, 1842; in gan-ison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1842^3, 1843-46; in the 
War with Mexico, 1846-48, as Major of Artillery BattaHon of the "Army of 
Occupation," Aug. 10, 1846, to Mar. 1, 1847, being engaged in the Battle of 
Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846,— Siege of Vera Cru2, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of 
Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19-20, 1847,— Bat- 
(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Aug 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious 
Conduct in the Battle of Contreras, Mex. ) 
tie of Molino del Rey (in reserve), Sep. 8, 1847, — and Assault and Capture of 
the City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847; on Reci-uiting ser\'ice, 1848-49; in com- 
(BvT. Colonel, Sep. 13, 1847, for Gallant Conduct at the Gate of 
Belen, City of Mexico) 
mand of the General Depot of Recruits at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1849-51- as 

(Major, 2d Artillery, Jan. 9, 1851) 
Superintendent of General Recruiting Service, at Ft. Wood, N. Y., 1851-52; in 
Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 1852-53; in ganison at Ft. 
Monroe, Va., 1853; on Recniiting service, 1853-54; in Florida Hostilities 
against the Seminole Indians, 1854-56; in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y. 
1856-57, — and Ft. Monroe, Va., 1857; in command of the Ailillery School for 
Practice at Ft. Monroe, Va., Dec. 29, 1857, to Nov. 26, 1859; as Inspector of 
Artilleiy, Dec. 13, 1859, to Dec. 23, 1860; and in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. 
(Artillery School for Practice), I860,— and Ft. Hamilton, N. Y, 1860-61.' 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: iu command 
of U. S. troops in Washington, D. C, and at Ft. McHemy, Md., Jan. 6 to 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 4th Artillery, Apr. 28, 1861) 
Apr. 4, 1861,— of Ft. Pickens, Fla., Apr. 16, 1861, to Feb. 25, 1862, being 

(Colonel, 5th Artillery, M.4.Y 14, 1861 ) 
engaged in the Repulse of the Rebel Attack on Santa Rosa Island, Fla,, Oct. 9, 

(Brig. -General, U. S. Volunteers, Sep. 28, 1861: Declined) 

1861, and the Bombardments of Ft. Pickens, Nov. 22-23, 1861, and Jan. 1, 

(BvT. Brig. -General, Nov. 23, 1861, for Gallantry and Good Conduct 

during the Engageivient of Nov. 22 and 23, 1861, betm'een 

Fort Pickens and the Rebel Batteries) 

1862, — of the defenses of New York harbor, Apr. 5, 1862, to Aug. 1, 1863^ 



176 GEADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1818. Class Rank. 

being Militmy Commander of the City of New York, Jan. 15 to July 16, 1863, 

and employed in suppressing the Riots in that city, July 12-16, 1863, — and 

of Ft. Schuyler, at the eastern entrance to New York harbor, Aug 1, 1863, to 

(Retieed fjrom Active Service, Aug. 1, 1863, under the Law of 

July 17, 1862, "HA\nNG been borne on the Aksiy 

Register more than 45 Ye.ars") 

June 29, 1864; in waiting orders, June 29, 1864, to Nov. 9, 1866; and as Super- 

(BvT. Maj. -General, U. S. Army, Aug. 2, 1866, for Distinguished 

Services in the Suppression of the Riots in New York City) 

intendent of Recruiting service for 42d Infantiy, Nov. 9, 1866, to Apr. 5, 1867. 



186 . . (Bom Md. ) JOSEPH N. CHAMBERS (Ap'd Md. ) . . 7 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. IMilitary Academy from Jan. 8, 

1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Abtillery, July 24, 1818. 

Sei-ved: in gamson at New Orleans, La., 1818-19, — and at the Bay of 

St. Louis, Mis., 1819; as BattaUon Adjutant of Artillery, Nov. 1, 1819, to 

(Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of Aumy, June 1, 1821) 

June 1, 1821, at New Orleans, La. ; and in garrison at Petite CoquUle (Ft Pike), 

(First Lieut., 4xh Artillery, May 21, 1822) 
La., 1821-22,— Ft. Barrancas, Fla., 1822,— and Ft. St. PhUip, La., 1822-23. 
Resigned, Nov. 6, 1823. 

Civil History. — Member of the House of Representatives of the State of 
Louisiana, 18 — to 18 — . Planter, Parish of East FeUciana, La., siace 1824. 



187. .(Bom N. C.) SAMUEL McKENZIE (Ap'd N. C). .8 

Military History— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Apr. 14, 

1813, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Aetillery, July 24, 1818. 

Served : in gai-rison at Ft. Norfolk, Va., 1818-19; on Recruiting service, 

1819-20 ; in garrison at Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1820-21,— and Detroit, Mich., 

(Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
1821-23 ; on Ordnance duty, Aug. 1, 1823, to Aug., 1825 ; in garrison at Ft. 

(Transferred to 2d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 
Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1825-26,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, Feb. 20, 1825) 
1826-27,— Ft. St. Philip, La., 1827-28,— Ft. Wood, La., 1828,— Ft. Monroe, 
Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1828-29,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1829,— and 
C'astle Piuckney, S. C, 1830 ; in Cherokee Nation, 1830-31 ; in garrison at 
Charleston harboi', S. C., 1831-32 ; in Cherokee Nation, 1832 ; in garrison at 
Savannah, Ga., 1832-33 ; in Cherokee Nation, 1833-34 ; in garrison at Ft. 
M(n-giin, Ala., 1834-35 ; in the Florida War, 1835-38 ; on the Northern Fron- 

(Captain, 2d Artillery, Feb. 8, 1837) 
tier dui'ing Canada Border disturbances, at Mackinac, Mich., 1839, — and 
Buffalo, N. Y., 1839-40; on Recruiting service, 1840; on Special duty in 
Florida, 1841 ; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1841-42,--and New York har- 
bor, 1842-44, 1844-45 ; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845-46, at Corpus 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 177 



Number. 1818. Class Rank. 



Christi ; in the War with Mexico, 1846, being engaged in the battle of Palo 
Alto, May 8, 18-46, —and Battle of Eesaca-de-la-Palma, May 9, 1846 ; on Re- 
cruiting service, 1846-47 ; in the War with Mexico, 1847, being engaged in 
the Siege of Vera Craz, Mar. 9 29, 1847,— Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 
1847, — Skirmish of Amazoque, May 14, 1847, — Capture of San Antonio, Aug. '20, 
1847,— Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— Battle of Moliuo del Rey, Sep. 8, 
1847, — Battle of Chaj^uliepec, commanding the Stormmg column, Sep. 13, 
1847,— and Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847. 
DtED, Oct. 19, 1847, in the City of Mexico. 



188. (BornN. Y.) GILES PORTER (Ap'd N. Y.). .9 

Militciry History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Apr. 7, 

1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut. , Coeps of Artillery, July 24, 1818. 

Served : in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1818-23, — Ft. Independence, 

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

Mas., 1824,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824-25,— Ft. 

(First Lieut. , 1st Artillery, Feb. 1, 1823) 

Preble, Me., 1825-27,— Bellona Arsenal, Va., 1828,— Ft. Mom-oe, Va. (ArtiUery 

School for Practice), 1829-30,— Bellona Arsenal, Va., 1831-33,— Ft. Monroe, Va., 

(BvT. Captain, Feb. 1, 1833, for Faithful Service 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

1833,— Ft. Mitchell, Ala., 1833-34,— and Charleston harbor, S. C, 1834-36 ; in 

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Sep. 30, 1833) 
the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836, 1836-37, 1837-38, being 
engaged in the Skirmish of Okihumphy Swamp, Mar. 30, 1836, — and Battle of 
Wahoo Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836 ; in Cherokee Nation, 1838, while emigrating 
the Indians to the West ; on the Northern Fi-ontier during Canada Border Dis- 
tui-bances, at Swanton, Vt., 1838-39,— and Rouse's Point, N. Y, 18.39-40; o^ 
Maine Froutiei-, at Houltou, Me., 1840, pending the "Disputed Ten-itory" 
Controversy ; in garrison at Ft. Preble, Me., 1840-45 ; in Military Occupation 
of Texas, at St. Joseph's Island, 1845-46,— Ft. Polk, 1846,— and Brazos Island, 
1846-47; in garrison at New Orleans Barracks, La., 1849; in command of 

(Major, 4th Artillery, Feb. 16, 1847) 
Artillery Battahon in Texas, 1849-51 ; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 
1851-52, — and Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1853; in command of Ai'tillery Battalion 
in Texas, 1853-56; in an-est, suspended, &c., 1856-60; in garrison at New 
York harbor, 1860 ; sick at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1860-61 ; and on leave of 
absence, 1861, since which time he has been unemployed. 

Retired from Active Service, Sep. 3, 1861, on his own Applica- 
tion, AFTER MORE THAN FoRTY CONSECUTIVE YeARS OF SERVICE. 



189, (Bom Va.) GEORGE W. CORPREW (Ap'd Va.). .10 

Military BKstory. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 27, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 24, 1818. 

Served: in garrison at Baton Rouge, La., 1818-19, — Bay of St. Louis, Mis., 
1819,— New Orleans, La., 1819-20; on Recruiting sei-vice, 1820-21; as Bat- 
talion Quartermaster, Jan. 1 to June 1, 1821 ; in garrison at Norfollv harbor, 

(Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Re-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

12 



178 GEADUATES OF THE 



Ntjmbee. 1818. Class Rank. 

Va., 1821-24,— Ft. Moiiltrie, S. C, 1824-27,— Ft. Independence, Mas., 

(FiKST Lieut., 3d Aktillert, Aug. 6, 1822) 
1827-28,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Ai-tillery School for Practice), 1828; on Re- 
cruiting service, 1828; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for 
Practice), 1828-29,— Ft. Triimbun, Ct., 1829-31,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artil- 
leiy School for Practice), 1831-32; on "Black Hawk Expedition," as Acting 
Ordnance Officer, 1832, biit not at the seat of war; and in garrison at Ft. 
Constitution, N. H., 1832-33. 

Resigned, June 30, 1833. 

Civil History. — Cotton Planter, near Columbus, Mis., 1833 to 1840. 
Died, 1840, near Columbus, Mis. 



190. .(Bom Va.) JOHN J. JACKSON (Ap'd Va.). .11 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Mar. 8, 
1815, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Aetillekt, July 24, 1818. 
Served: in garrison at Norfolk harbor, Va., 1818-19; on Recruiting service, 
(Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, Dec. 1, 1819) 
1819-20; on Florida Frontier, 1820-21; as Adjutant, 4th lufentry, at Regi- 
mental headquarters, Montpelier, Ala., May, 1821, to Sep. 30, 1822; and on 
leave of absence, 1822-23. 

Resigned, Jan. 1, 1823. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, Parkersburgh, Va., 1823-55. District 
Attorney of the Court of Oyer and Terminer for Wood County, Va., 182G-55; 
and of the Superior Court, 1832-55. District Attorney of the Superior Court 
of Ritchie County, Va., 1842-55. Member of the House of Delegates of the 
State of Virginia, 1825, 1830, 1838, 1839, 1842, and 1844. Brig. -General, 
Virginia Militia, 1839-59. Residence, Parkersbui-g, Va. 



191. .(Bom Md.) EDWARD HARDING (Ap'd Md.). .12 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Oct. 15, 

1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 24, 1818. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. McHenry, Md., 1818-19,— Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 

1819,— Ft. Covington, N. Y., 1819-20,— Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1820-22 (Battalion 

Quartermaster of Ai-tillery, Jan. 4, to June 1, 1821), — Pittsburg Arsenal, Pa., 

(Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-organiz.\tion of Army, June 1, 1821) 
1822-26,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1826-28; on 

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, May 10, 1826) 

Ordnance duty. Mar. 6, 1828, to May 30, 1832; as Asst. Ordnance Officer at 

(Captain, Ordnance, May 30, 1832) 

Allegheny Arsenal, Pa., 1832; and in command of Mount Vernon Arsenal, Ala. , 
1832-38,— of Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1838-40, 1840 41,— of Allegheny Arsenal, 
Pa., 1841-47,— of Ft. Monroe Arsenal, Va., 1847-48,— of Allegheny Arsenal, 

(Major, Ordnance, July 10, 1851) 
Pa., 1848-51,— of Watertown Arsenal, Mas., 1851-54,— and of St. Louis 
Arsenal, Mo., 1854-55. 

Died, Feb. 15, 1855, at St. Louis, Mo. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 179 



Number. 181 S. Class Rank. 

192 . . (Born Del. ) BENJAMIN C. VINING ( Ap'd Del. ) . . 13 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Feb. 24, 

1815, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thied Lieut., Oednance, July ^4, 1818. 

Second Lieut., Okdnance, Aug. 13, 1819. 

Second Lieut. , 1st Aetillert, in Re-oeganization of Aemt, June 1, 1821. 

Served on Ordnance duty, July 24, 1818, to Apr. 8, 1822. 

Died, Ape. 8, 1822, at Baltimoee, Md. 



193.. (Born Mas.) HENRY H. LORING (Ap'd Mas. ).. 14 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 14, 
1813, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Gth Infantry, July 24, 1818. 
Transferred to Light Aetllleet, Aug. 27, 1818. 
Teansfeeeed to 3d Infantey, Oct. 20, 1818. 
Served: on Topographical duty, 1819-20; on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, 
(FiEST Lieut., 3d Infantey, Oct. 17, 1820) 
Wis., 1820-26; on Reci-uiting ser-vace, 1826-28; on frontier duty at Jefferson 
Barracks, Mo., 1829-30,— Ft. SneUing, Min., 1830,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 
(BvT. Captain, Oct. 17, 1830, foe Faithful Sebvice 
Ten Yeaes in one Geade) 
1830, — and in the Choctaw Nation, 1830-31; and in garrison at Ft. Jesup, La., 
1831-34, 1835. 

(Captain, 3d Infantey, July 15, 1831) 
Resigned, Oct. 31, 1835. 

Civil History.— Civil Engineer, from 1835 to 1840. 

Died, July 16, 1840, at Sabine City. 



194. . (Bom Va.) . . JOSEPH F. DAINGERFIELD (Ap'd Va.) . . 15 

Military History.- Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 26, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was gi-aduuted and promoted in the Aimy to 
Second Lieut., Coeps of Arttlleey, July 24, 1818. 
Served in gan-ison at Baton Rouge, La., 1818-19, — Bay of St. Louis, Mis., 
1819,- -and Mobile hai-bor, Ala., 1819-20. 

Resigned, Dec. 20, 1820. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law at Pocahontas, Va., 1820-29, and at 
Lewisburg, Va., 1829^0. Member of the House of Delegates of the State of 
Virginia, 1838 and 1839. 

Died, May 17, 1840, at Lewisbubo, Va. : Aged 40. 



180 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1818. Class Eank. 

195. .(Born Pa.) JOSEPH STRONG (Ap'd Pa.). .16 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Feb. 8, 
1815, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Corps of AETrLLEKY, July 24, 1818. 
Served: in gamson at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1818-21; on Toi^ographical duty, 
(Second Lieut., 2d Aktieleey, in Ee-okganization of Aemy, June 1, 1821) 
(Teansfekeed to 4th Aetilleey, Aug. 16, 1821) 
(First Lieut., 4th Aetilleey, July 1, 1822) 
(Te-^nsfeeeed to 2d Artillery, Dec. 31, 1824) 
Nov. 19, 1821, to Dec. 11, 1824; and in ganison at Ft. Delaware, Del, 
1825-26. 

Kesigned, Mat 31, 1826. 

Civil History.— Teacher, 1826-37. Civil Engineer, Florida, 1837-40. 
Instructor of Mathematics, U. S. Navy, 1840-46. Principal of an Academy, 
Boston, Mas. , 1846-48. Professor of Natural Science in an Academy at Balti- 
more. Md. , 1848^9. Professor of Ancient and Modern Languages in the Mary- 
land Military Academy, Oxford, Md., Oct. 1, 1849, to July 31, 1851. History 
since 1851, unknown. 



196 . . (Bom Mas. ) JOHN B. F. RUSSELL * (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 17 

Militciry History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from May 9, 

1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Light Aetilleey, Juxy 24, 1818. 

Served: in gamson at New England Posts, 1818-21; on frontier duty at St. 

(Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

Peters, Min., 1821,— and Ft. St. Anthony, Min., 1821-22; on Commissary duty 

(First Lieut., 5th Infantry, Nov. 1, 1821) 
at Ft. Cra^-ford, Wis., 1822-23; on Recruiting service, 1824; on Commissai-y 
duty at Ft. St. Anthony, Min., 1824-25,— and Ft. Snelling, Min., 1825-27; on 
Quartermaster duty at Hancock Barracks, Me., 1828-30; on Recruiting sen'ice, 

(AssT. Quartermaster, Mar. 14, 1828, to Oct. 13, 1830) 
1830-31; on frontier duty at Ft. Brady, Mich., 1831-32; on the "Black Hawk 

(Captain, 5th Infantry, Ape. 23, 1830) 
Expedition," 1832, but not at seat of war; on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 
1832-33; and in the Commissary General's Office, Washington, D. C, Nov. 6, 
1833, to Jan. 22, 1837. 

Resigned, June 22, 1837. 

Civil History.— Land and Insurance Agent, and Notary Public, at Chicago, 
HI., 1840-Gl. Ajipointcd by the Governor of Hlinois to organize and muster 
State Voluuteexs for the Mexican War, 1846. Colonel, Hlinois Militia, 1847-61. 
Died, Jan., 1861, at Chicago, III. 



197. . (Bom Md.) GEORGE WEBB (Ap'd Md.) . . 18 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militai-y Academy from July 2, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my tc 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 24, 1818. 

• Was graduated as John C. Russell. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 181 



NuMBEK. 1818. Class Rank. 

Sen'cd : in garrison at West Point, N. Y., 1818-19 ; as Battalion Adjutant of 
Artillery, at New York harbor. May 24, 1819, to June 1, 1821 ; and in garrison 

(Second Lieut., 1st Aktllleey, in Re-okganization of Ajimy, June 1, 1821) 
at New York harbor, 1821-21, — Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artiller}' School for Practice). 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, May 15, 1823) 
1824^26,— Ft Wolcott, R. I., 1826-27,— and Ft. Washmgton, Md., 1827-32. 
Died, Ape. 20, 1832, at Ft. Washington, Md. 



198. . (Bom Pa.) HARTMAN BACHE (Ap'd Pa.). .19 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy Irom July 11, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and i^romoted in the Ai-my to 
Btt. Capt. Staff — Asst. Top. Engineer, July 24, 1818. 
Served : on Surveys in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries, for a Naval 
Depot, 1818, — for defenses of New York harbor, 1819, — for defenses of Port- 
land harbor. Me., 1820, — for defenses of Georgetown and Charleston harbors, 
S. C, 1821-25, — for defenses of the Narrows of Penobscot River, Me., 1821, — for 
Naval Rendezvous and defenses at Mount Desert Island, Me., 1822, — for Canal 
from Couewago Falls. Pa. , to Port Deposit, Md. ,1823, — for Harbor Improvements 
at Marblehead, and Holmes' Hole, Martha's Vineyard, Mas., 1825, — for exten- 
sion of Chesapeake and Ohio Canal from Georgetown, D. C. , to Alexandria, Va. , 
1827, — for Internal Improvements in North Carolina, 1827-28, and South 
Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee, 1828, — for Preservation of Tucker's Island, 
(BvT. Major, July 24, 1828, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
N. J., 1828, — for Harbor Improvements on Long Island Sound, and Sandy 
Bay, Mas., 1829, — of Delaware and Raritan Rivers, N. J., 1830,— for Railroad 
from WiUiamsport, Pa., to Elmu-a, N. Y., 1832, — for Harbors on Lake Cham- 
(BvT. Major Staff — Top. Engineer, Aug. 1, 1832) 

plain, N. Y., 1833, — for Road in the Valley of Kennebec River, Me., 1834, 

for Brandywine Shoal Light-house, Del., 1834-35, — and for Roadstead at Cape 
May, N. J., 1835 ; as Superintending Top. Engineer of Light-house on Brandy- 
wine Shoal, Del., 1835-47, — of Harbor Improvements and Surveys in Delaware 
(Major, Corps of Top. Engineers, July 7, 1838) 

Bay, 1839-52, — of Surveys for defenses of Patapsco River, Md., 1841-42, of 

Sandy Hook, N. J., 1842, — of Florida Reef, for defenses, 1845-47, — of the con- 
struction of Brandywine Screw-pile Light-house and Ice Harbor, Del., 1848-51, 
— and examination of site of Beacon oS" Nantucket, Mas., 1850-51 ; as Member 
of Board of Top. Engineers for Lake Harbors and Western Rivers, Sep. 16, 
1852, to Nov. 20, 1855 ; as Light-house Engineer, for Delaware and Chesaijeake 
Baj's, Oct. 9, 1852, to May, 1855 ; as Light-house Engineer for Pacific Coast, 
July 1, 1855, to Mar. 21. 1859,— and Inspector, Aug. 10, 1855, to Mar. 31, 
1859; in charge of Military Roads on Pacific Coast, 1855-58; and as Light- 
house Engineer for 4th, 5th and 7th Light-house Districts, June 16, 1859° to 
Apr. 11, 1861. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: in charge of 
Bureau of Top. Engineers, Washington, D. C, Apr. 11 to Dec. 11, 1861, — and as 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Corps of Top. Engineers, Aug. 6, 1861) 

Assistant in Top. Bureau, Dec. 11, 1861, to Jime 16, 1862 ; as Member of the 

Light-house Board, since June 16, 1862 ; and as Superintending Engineer of 

(Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863) 



182 GEADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK. 1818. Class Kank. 

Fts. Mifflin and Delaware, and 10-gun Battery opposite the latter, Nov. 5, 
(BvT. Brig.-Genekal, U. S. Akjiy, Mae. 13, 18G5, for Long, 
Faithful and Mekitoeious Seevices) 
1864, to Nov. 11, 1865. 

Eetieed from Acti\^ Service, Mae. 7, 18C7, xjndee the Law of 
July 17, 1862, "haying been Boexe on the Aumy Registeb 

MOEE THAN 45 YeAES. " 



199. .(Born Va.) WILLIAM S. NEWTON (Ap'dD. C). .20 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 

Second Lieut. , Light Aetilleey, July 24, 1818. 

Served: in garrison at New England Posts, 1818-21, — and Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 

(Second Lieut., 3d Aetilleey, in Ke-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

1821-22 ; on Topographical duty, Jan. 22 to Nov. 9, 1822; on Ordnance duty, 

Nov. 9, 1822, to Feb. 25, 1823; in garrison at Ft Norfolk, Va., 1823-24,— and 

(FiEST Lieut., 3d Aetilleey, Dec. 31, 1822) 
Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artilleiy School for Practice), 1824-26; on Ordnance duty, 
Mar. to Aug. 26, 1826; in garrison at Ft. Washington, Md., 1826-27,— Ft. Sul- 
livan, Me., 1827-29, 1830,— Ft. Independence, Mas., 1830-31; on Kecruiting 
service, 1831-32; in garrison at Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 1832; and on Ordnance 
(BvT. Captain, Dec. 31, 1832, for Faithful Seevece 
Ten Yeaes in one Gkade) 
duty, Jan. 1, 1834, to Mar. 16, 1837. 

Died, Mar. 16, 1837, at Baton Rouge, La. 



200.. (Bom Md.) LEONARD O. BROOKE (Ap'd Md.)..21 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. IMihtary Academy from June 29, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 4th Infantey, July 24, 1818. 
Served: on Florida Frontier, 1818-20; on Beci-uiting service, 1820-21 ; andin 
garrison at Cantonment, Montpelier, Ala., 1821. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 
Civil History. — Unkno\vn. 

Died, 1821, in Maeyland. 



201.. (Bom N. Y.) HENRY GILES (Ap'd N. Y.)..22 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Nov. 7, 
1814, to July 24, 1818, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 5th Infantey, July 24, 1818. 
Served: in garrison at Detroit, Mich., 1818 19; as Adjutant, 5th Infantry, 
Jan. 4 to June 4, 1819; and in garrison at Ft. Armstrong, 111., 1819. 
Resigned, Jan. 1, 1820. 

Civil History. -Teacher and Surveyor, Gratz, Ky., 1824-34; and Farmer, 
sincft 1834. Justice of the Peace, Owen County, Ky., 1841-52. Member of 
the House of Representatives of the State of Kentucky, 1855-57. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 183 



Number. 1818-19. Class Eank. 



202. .(Born Ky.) JOHN T. PRATT* (Ap'd Ky.). .23 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 20, 
ISli, to July 21, 1818, wlieu he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my ti 
Second Lieut., 1st Infantey, July 24, 1818. 
On leave of absence, July 24, 1818, to Jvme 1, 1819. 
Resigned, June 1, 1819. 

Civil History. — Farmer, Scott County, Ky., since 1819, — Captain, Ken 
tucky Militia, 1820 24,— Major, 1824,— Lieut.-Colonel, 1825-28,— Brig .-General, 
1828-35, — and Major-General, 1835-46. Postmaster of Georgetown, Ky., 
1828-38. Member of the House of Representatives of the State of Kentucky, 
183-4, 1835, 1836, and 1847,— and of the Senate, 1837 to 1841. 



CLASS OF 1819. 



203 . . (Born D. C.) . . . . WILUAM A. ELIASON (Ap'd D. C. ) . . 1 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 15, 

1815, to JiUy 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1819. 

Served : as Asst. Engineer, in the construction of Ft. Washington, Md., 

1819-22, — and of Ft. Monroe, Va. 1822-25; as Superintending Engineer of the 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 28, 1823) 
construction of Ft. Macon, N. C, 1825-30, — of the opening of Ocracock Inlet, 
N. C, 1828-30,— of the preservation of Pea-Patch Island, Del., 1831-32,— of 
the improvement of Harbors in Delaware River, 1831-32, — of repairs of the 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 5, 1832) 
defenses of Charleston harbor, S. C, 1832-34, — and of the construction ofFts. 
Monroe and Calhoun, Hampton Roads, Va. , 1834r-38. 

Died, June 15, 1839, near Alexandria, D. C. : Aged 39. 



204. .(Bom N. Y. ).. FREDERICK A. UNDERHILL . . .(Ap'd K Y.). .2 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 25, 
1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1819. 

Served: as Asst. Engineer, in the constraction and repairs of the defenses on 
the Gulf of Mexico, 1819-23. 

Resigned, Nov. 1, 1823. 

Civil History.— Contractor for building fortifications on the Coast of the 
Gulf of Mexico, 1823-29. 

Died, July, 1829, at New Orleans, La. : Aged 29. 

♦Served as a Private of Cavalry in Colonel R. IL Johnson's Kentucky Volunteers, at the 
Battle or the Thames, U. C. , Oct. 5, 1813. 



181 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1819. Class Ea.nk. 

235 . . (Bona N. J. ) . • • • CORNELIUS A. OGDEN (Apd N. J. ) . . 3 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. IMilitary Academy from Mar. 27, 
1814, to July 1, ISiy, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Coep.s of Engineers, July 1, 1819. 
Served: as Asst. Engineer on the defenses of the Gulf of Mexico, 1819-25; as 
(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 182-1) 
Superintending Engineer of the constraction of Ft. IMorgan, Mobile harbor, 
Ala., 1825-3-4, — of improvement of Mobile harbor. Pass au He'ron, and Pasca- 
(BvT. CaptaiN; June 30, 1834, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grade) 
goula Kiver, 1827-34, — of the construction of the Cumberland Eoad, in Indiana 
and Illinois, 1834-41,— of the buUding of Ft. Morgan, Ala., 1841-47.— and in 
(Captain, Corps of Engineers, JIay 15, 1835) 
(Major, Corps of Engineers, Dec. 7, 1838) 
general supervision of the defenses at the Eastern Passes, to New Orleans, 
La., 1841^4; as Member of the special Board of Engineers for examination 
of the Gulf Frontier of Mississip^n and Texas, 1845; as Superintending Engi- 
neer of the construction of Ft. Carroll, Patapsco Eiver, Md., 1847-48; as 
Member of a Joint Commission of Naval and Engineer Ofiicers, for the exam- 
ination of Mihtaiy and Naval sites to be occupied on the Pacific coast, Sep. 13, 
1848, to June 17, 1851, — of a special Board for the examiuation of Memphis 
Navy Yard, Ten., 1851, — of the Board of Engineers for the Pacific Coast 
Defenses, June 17, 1851, to Apr. 11, 1853, — -of Kiver and Harbor Improve- 
ment Board, Nov. 18, 1852, to Sep. 2, 1854, — and of the Board of Engineers 
for Atlantic Coast Defenses, Apr. 11, 1853, to Aug. 23, 185G; and as Superin- 
tending Engineer of the construction of Fts. Winthrop and Independence, 
Boston harbor, Mas., 1853-56, — of repau's of fortifications at Portland harbor, 
Me., and Poitsmouth, N. H., 1853-56, — of Harbor and River Improvements 
east of Boston, 1853-56, — and of Light-houses in Massachusetts, Apr. 9, 1853, 
to Aug. 23, 1856. 

Dled, Aug. 23, 1856, at Brandon, Vt. : Aged 57. 



206. . (Born Ct.) EDWARD D. MANSFIELD *. . . .(Ap'd N. Y.) . .4 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Aug. 1, 
1815, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1819 : Declined. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law in Connecticut, 1825, and in Ohio, 
1826 36. Professor of Constitutional Law and History, in Cincinnati Col- 
lege, 0., 1836-37. Editor of the "Cincinnati Chronicle," 1836 48; of the 
"Chronicle and Atlas," 1849-52; and of the "Railroad Record," since 1852. 
Comiiiissidiier of Statistics for the State of Ohio, 1857. Author of "Utility 
of Mathematics," 1834; of " Political Grammar" — a Treatise on Constitutional 
Law, 1835; of "Legal Rights of Woman," 1845; of "Life of General Scott," 
1846; of "History of the Mexican War," 1848; of "American Education," 
1850; and of "Memoirs of Daniel Drake, M. D.," 1855. Member of "La 
Societd Fran9aise de Statique Universelle," 1846. Degree of A. M., conferred 
by College of New Jersey, at Pi'inceton, 1835; and of LL. D., by Marietta 
CoUege, Ohio, 1854. Residence, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

* Was the son of Lieut -Colonel Jared Mansflcld, the first Professor of Natural and Expert* 
mental Philosophy at the Military Academy. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 185 



Number. 1819. Class Kank. 

207 . . (Bom N. Y. ) HENRY BRE WERTON * (Ap'd N. Y. ) . 5 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. 8. Military Academy from July 2.5, 
1S13, to July 1, 181'J, when he was graduated aud promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Cokps of Engineers, July 1, 1819. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1819. 
Served: as Assistant in determining the 45° of North Latitude, at Rouse's 
Point, N. Y., 1819; at the Military Academy, 1819-21, as Asst. Pro- 
fessor of Engineering, Hep. 1, 1819, to Aug. 1, 1820, and as Principal Asst. 
Professor, Aug. 1, 1820, to June 30, 1821 ; as Asst. Engineer in the construction 
of Ft. Delaware, Del., 1821-22, — of repairs of Ft. Jackson, Savannah River, Ga., 
1823, — to Board of Engineers, in repairing fortitications in New York harbor, 
1822-24, — and in the construction of Ft. Jackson, Mississippi River, La., 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Jan. 1, 1825) 
1824-27, and of Ft. Adams, Newport harbor, R. L, 1827-28; as Superintending 
Engineer of the construction of the defenses of Charleston harbor, S. C, 
1828-32, — of the Cumberland Road in Ohio, 1832-36, — of improvement of 
the Hudson River, N. Y., 1836-42, — and of the building of Ft. Montgomery, 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Sep. 21, 1836) 
Rouse's Point, N. Y., 1841-45; as Member of a special Board of Engineers 
for projecting Light-house at Flyun's Knoll, New York harbor, 1839, — of the 
Board of Visitors to the Military Academy, 1843, — of the Board of 
Engineers for Atlantic Coast Defenses, Dec. 8, 1842, to Sep. 8, 1845, — and of 
special Board of Engineers for e.Kamination of Florida Reef, lor locating 
defensive works, 1845; as Superintendent of the U. S. Military Academy, 
Aug. 15, 1845, to Sep. 1, 1852; as Member of a Commission to digest a Code 
of Regulations for the U. S. Naval Academy, 1849; as Superintending Engineer 
of the construction of Ft. Carroll, Patapsco River, Md., 1852-64, — and of 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, Aug. 23, 1856) 
improvement of Baltimore harbor, and of Mouth of Susquehanna River, 
1852-64; and Member of Board of Engineers for the Improvement of Rivers 
and Harbors, Apr. 11, 1853, to Nov. 20, 1853, — and of a special Board for 
projecting Fortifications at Sandy Hook, N. J., 1858. 

Served dm-ing the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: as Superin- 
(LiEUT. -Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Aug. 6, 1861) 
tending Engineer of the Fortifications and Improvemements of Baltimore 
harbor, Md., 1861, to Nov. 5, 1864, — of the defenses of Delaware River and 

(Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Apr. 22, 1864) 
Bay, Mar. 5, 1862, to Nov. 5, 1864,— of the erection of Field Works at Point 
Lookout, Md., Nov. 8, 1864, to May 4, 1865, — and of the construction of 
Forts Monroe and Wool, for the defense of Hampton Roads, Va. , since Nov. 8, 
1864; and as Member of the Board of Engineers, June 20, 1865, to May 18, 
1867, to carry out in detail the modification of the defenses in the vicinity of 
New York, as proposed by the Board of Jan. 27, 1864, — of Board for the 
(BvT. Brig.-Gener.vl, U. S. Arimy, Mar. 13, 1865, for Long, 
Faithful, and Meritorious Services) 
Examination of Engineer OSicers for Promotion, Nov. 28 to Dec. 16, 1865,^ 
and of Board to conduct experiments on the use of L'on in Permanent 
Defenses, Sep. 11, 1866, to May 18, 1867. 

Retired from Active Service, Mar. 7, 1867, under the Law of 

July 17, 1862, "having been Borne on the Army 

Register more than 45 Years." 

Civil History. — Degree of LL. D., conferred by Dickinson College, 
Carlisle, Pa., July 8, 1847. 

* Was examinod and graduated with the Class of 1819; though at the time a member of, and 

at the head of the succeeding Class. 



186 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1819. Class Kank. 

208. .(Bom Mas.) JOHN R. BOWES (Ap'd Mas.). .6 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Apr. 15, 

1815, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Thikd Lieut., Oednance, July 1, 1819. 

Second Lieut., Ordnance, Oct. 10, 1819. 

Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821. 

Transferred to 4th Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821, 
Served: on Ordnance duty, 1819-21; and on Topographical duty, 1821-22. 

Eesigned, Aug 1, 1822. 
Civil History. — Unknown. 



209 . . (Born Md. ) HENRY A. THOMPSON (Ap'd Md. ) . . 7 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 16, 

1815, to Jidy 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 

Served : on Topographical duty, July 1, 1819, to Sep. 10, 1822 ; as Adjutant 

(Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, in Ke-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

of 4th Ai-tillery, at Eegimental headquarters, Oct. 1, 1822, to Aug. 31, 1836, — 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Dec. 31, 1822) 

and of Ai-tillery School for Practice, at Ft. Monroe, Va., Mar. 1, 1825, to 

(BvT. CiPTAiN, Dec. 31, 1832, for Faithful Service 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, Aug. 31, 1836) 

Sep. 2, 1826 ; and on Engineer duty, Oct. 1-15, 1836. 

Eesigned, Oct. 15, 1836. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer in the service of the United States, super- 
intending repairs of Ft. McHeury, Md., Oct. 15, 1836, to Dec. 13, 1839. Super- 
intendent of Maryland Canal, 1839-43. Division Inspector, Maryland Militia, 
1841^6,— Colonel, 1846-50,— and Brig. -General, 1850-61. Director of Phila- 
delphia and Baltimore EaUroad, 1853-54, — of Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad 
(on the part of the State of Maiylaud), 1854-56, and (on the part of the stock- 
holders), 1858-61, — and of Bank of Baltimore, 1854-63. Commission Mer- 
chant, Baltimore, Md., 1839-63. President of the Bank of Baltimore, Md., Oct 1, 
1863, to July 1, 1865, — and of the National Bank of Baltimore, since July 1, 
1865. 

210, . (BornN. Y.) ZEBINA J. D. KINSLEY (Ap'dN. Y.). .8 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from May 22, 
1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, July 1, 1819. 
Served : in garrison at New England Posts, 1819-20 ; at the Military Acad- 
emy, 1820-35, as Asst. Instructor of Infantry Tactics, Dec. 3, 1820, to Dec. 18, 
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Ee-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(Transferred to 3d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 
(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, Aug. 30, 1825) 
1823,— and Instructor of Artillery, Dec. 18, 1823, to Dec. 1, 1835. 
Eesigned, Dec. 1, 1835. 
Civil History. — Principal of a "Classical and Mathematical School," near 
West Point, N. Y., 1838-49. 

Died, Aug, 24, 1849, near West Point, N. Y. : Aged 48. 



MILITAIIY ACADEMY. 187 



Number. 1819. Class Eane. 



211 . . (Boiu :\Id. ^ WILLIAM TURNBULL (Ap'd Md. ) . . 9 

Military History. —Cadet at the U. S. Milittiry Academy from Sep. 30, 
1814, to July 1, ISl'J, when he was graduated aud promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Cokps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 
Served : in garrison at Ft. McHeury, Md., 1819-20 ; on Topographical duty, 
Jan., 1819, to Aug. 20, 1831 ; on Survey of Railroad Eoute in Mississippi, 
(Second Lieut., -Ith Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, JuneI, 1821) 
(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Jan. 15, 1823) 
(BvT. Capt. St.\ff — AssT. Topographical Engineer, Aug. 20, 1831) 
1831-32 ; as Superintending Top. Engineer of the constiiiction of the Poto- 
mac Aqueduct at Georgetown, D. C, 1832-43, — and of Repairs of Potomac 

(BvT. Major Staff — Topographical Engineer, Nov. 23, 1837) 
Bridge 1841-43 ; on Inspection of Potomac Bridge, Washington, D. C, 

(Major, Corps of Top. Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
and Milwaukie and St. Joseph's harbors, Mich., 1844; in charge of Lake 
Ontario Harbor Improvement, 1844-46 ; as Member of Board of Top. Engi- 
neers, for extension of Buffalo harbor, N. Y., 184-5-46 ; on Insjiection of Har- 
bor Improvements on Lakes Champlain, Ontario, and Erie, 1846 ; as Chief 
Topographical Engineer of the Army under command of Major-General Scott, 
in the Campaign of 1847-48, War with Mexico, being engaged in the Siege of 
Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Ped- 
regal, Aug. 19-20, 1847,— Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— and Operations 
(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious 
Conduct in the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mex. ) 
before, and Capture of the City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847; as Superintending 
(Bvt. Colonel, Sep. 13, 1847, for Gallant and INIeritorious 
Conduct in the Battle of Chapultepec, Mex. ) 
Toi3. Engineer of the construction of the New Orleans Custom House, La., 
1848-49,— of Survey of Whale's Back Rock, for Light-house site, 18-50-51,— 
and in examining the practicability of Bridging the Susquehanna River, at 
Havre-de-Grace, Md., 1852 ; as Assistant in the Topograjihical Bureau at 
Washington, D. C, 1850-52, and 1853-54 ; as Member of Board of Top. Engi- 
neers to examine into the expediency of an additional Canal around the Falls of 
the Ohio, Sep. 22, 1852, to Feb. 16, 1853; as Light-house Engineer for Oswego 
harbor, N. Y., July 29, 1853, to July 30, 1855; and in charge of Harbor Improve- 
ments of Lakes ChamiDlain, Ontario, and Eastern part of Erie, 1853-56, — and 
of Improvement of Cape Fear River, N. C, 1856-57. 

Died, Dec. 9, 1857, at Wilmington, N. C. : Aged 57. 



212. (BornKy.) JOSHUA BAKER* (Ap'd La.). .10 

Military History. -Cadet at the U. S. MiHtary Academy, from Sep. 18, 
1817, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Seeond Lieut. , Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 
Served at the Mihtarv Academv, as Asst. Professor of Natural and Experi- 
mental Philosophy, Oct. 25, 1819, to June 30, 1820. 
Resigned, Oct. 31, 1820. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law, Kentucky, 1822,— and in Louisiana, 
1822-29, and 1832-38. Engineer of Plaquemine Navigation Company, La., 

•Was cxamin3 1 an J graduated with fia Class of 1819, though at the time a member of, aad 
Stan ling fourth in the succeeding Class. 



188 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEE. 1819. Class Rank. 



1827-29. Parish Judge, and (ex-officio) Judge of Probate. La., 1829-32. Ap- 
pointed U. S. Surveyor-General for Louisiana, Mar. 3, 1831: decUned. Asst. 
Engineer of the State of Louisiana, 1833-38. Director of the Board of Pubhc 
Works of the State of Louisiana, 18-40-15. Colonel, Louisiana Militia, 182G-29, 
and Captain of Cavalry, 1846-51. Member of the Senate of the State of Louisiana, 
1852. Member of the Board of Visitors to the MiUtary Academy, 1853. Sugar 
Planter, Franklin, St. Mary's Parish, La. , since 1829. 



213 .(Born Ct.) JUSTIN DIMICK (Ap'd Vt. ) . . 11 

MUitary History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Oct. 18, 
1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Aetilleky, July 1, 1819. 
Served: in garrison at New England Posts, 1819-22; at the Military Acad- 
(Second Lieut., 1st Aetillery, in Re-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
emy, as Asst. Instructor of Infantry Tactics, Feb. 14 to Sep. 28, 1822; in gar- 
rison at Ft. Independence, Mas., 1822-23,— Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1823-27,— 

(First Lieut., 1st Aetilleey, May 1, 1824) 
Ft. Johnson, N. C, 1827-28,— Ft. Mom-oe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 
1828,— BeUona Arsenal, Va., 1828-29,— and Ft. 'Johnson, N. C, 1829-33; on 
Ordnance duty, Jan. 1, 1834, to May 1, 1835; in garrison at Ft. Johnson, 
(BvT. Captain, May 1, 1834, for Faithful Service 
Ten Years in one Grouse) 
N. C, 1835,— and Ft. Washington, Md., 1835-36; in the Florida War, 1836, 

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Apr. 6, 1835) 
being engaged against the Seminole Indians, in a Skirmish near Hernandez 
plantation. May 8, 1836, kiUing two of them in personal encoiuiter ; on Re- 
(Bvt. Major, May 8, 1836, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in 
THE War against the Florida Indians) 
cruiting service, 1837-38; in suppressing Canada Border disturbances, at 
Rouse's Point, N. Y., 1838-39; in garrison at Ft. Constitution. N. H., 1839,— 
and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1839-40; in conductmg recruits to Florida, 1840; in 
garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y'., 1840-41, — and Ft. Constitution, N. H., 
1841 45; inMilitary Occupation of Texas, at Corpus Christi, 1845-46; asLieut.- 
Colonel of Artillery Battalion of "Army of Occui^ation, " Oct. 3, 1845, to Aug. 9, 
1846; in the War with Mexico, 1846, being engaged in the Battle of Palo 
Alto, May 8, 1846,— and Battle of Resaca-de-la-Palma, May 9, 1846; on Re- 
cruiting service, 1846-47; in the War with Mexico, 1847-48, being engaged in 
the Skirmish of La Hoya, June 20, 1847,— Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19-20, 
1847, — Battle of Chm-ubusco, Aug. 20, 1847, — Stoi-ming of Chapultepec, Sep. 
(Bvt. Lieut. -Colonel, Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious 
Conduct in the Battles of Contreras and Chueubusco, Mex. ) 
13, 1847, where he was wounded, — Assault and Captui'e of the City of Mexico, 
(Bvt. Colonel, Sep. 13, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in 
the Battle of Ch.apultepec, Mex. ) 
Sep. 13-14, 1848, — and in command of Vera Cruz, 1847-48; in garrison at Ft. 
Lafayette, N. Y., 1848-49; in Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 
1849-50; before a civil court in Vermont, 1851-53 to defend a suit, he having, 

(Major, 1st Artillery, Apr. 1, 1850) 
iA the jierformance of his duty in 1838, seized a vessel at Rouse's Point, N. Y., 
laden with ammunition for the Canada Rebels; in garrison at Ft. Moultrie, 
S. C, 1853-54; before a civil court in Vermont, 1854; as Member of Board on 
Armament of Fortification.s, Oct. 10, 1854, to Mar. 24, 1855; in garrison at Ft. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. Id9 



NuMBEK. 1819. Class Rank. 

Moultrie, S. C, 1855, 1856; in Florida Hostilities against the Seminole In- 
dians, 1856-57; in gai-rison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1857-59; on frontier dutj- 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 2d Aetilleky, Oct. 5, 1857) 
at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1859; and in command of the Artillery School for 
Practice at Ft. Monroe, Va., Nov. 26, 1859, to Oct. 19, 18G1. 

Sei-ved during the llebclliou of the Seceding States, 18G1-66: in command 

(Colonel, 1st Artillery, Oct. 26, 1861) 

of the Depot of Eebel Prisoners of War at Ft. "Warren, Mas., Oct. 26, 1861, 

(Retired from Active Service, Aug. 1, 1863, under the Law of July 17, 

1862, HE being over "the Age of 62 Years") 

to Jan. 1, 1864; and as Governor of the "Soldiers' Home," near "Washington, 

D. C, since Jan. 14, 1864. 

BvT. Bbig. -General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Long, Gallant, and 

Faithful Services to his Country. 



214. .(Born Ind.) GEORGE W. WHISTLER * (Ap'd Ky.) . .12 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 31, 

1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 

Served : on Topographical duty, 1819; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 

1819-20 ; on Topographical duty, 1820-21 ; at the MUitary Academy, as As.'Jt. 

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization op Army, June 1, 1821) 

(Transferred to 2d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 
Teacher of Drawing, Nov. 2, 1821, to Apr. 30, 1822 ; and on Topographical 

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, Aug. 16, 1829) 
duty, Apr. 30, 1822, to Dec. 31, 1833. 

Resigned, Dec. 31, 1833. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer in the United States, from 1833 to 1842, — 
and in Russia, fi'om 1842 to 1849. Associate Engineer, Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad, 1828-29, — of Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad, 1830, — of Patter- 
son, N. J., and Hudson River Railroad, 1831-32, — and of Stonington, Ct., and 
Providence, R. I., Railroad, 1833, 1834, and 1837. Superintending Engineer 
of Locks and Canals Company LoweU,. Mas., 1835-36. Consulting Engineer, 
"Western Raih'oad, from "Worcester, Mas., to Albany, N. Y., 1837-40, — and Chief 
Engineer, 1840-42. Superintending Engineer of the St. Petersburgh and 
Moscow Railroad. Russia, 1842-49. 

Died, Apr. 7, 1849, at St. Petersburgh, Russia: Aged 48. 



215. (Bom Vt.) BENJAMIN WALKERf (Ap'd N. H.). .13 

MUitary History. — Cadetf at the U. S. MUitary Academy fi-om June 20, 
1817, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Ordnance, July 1, 1819. 
Second Lieut., Ordnance, Dec. 31, 1819. 

* Was the son of Col. William WbLstler, U. S. Army. 

t Wa.s examined and graduated with the Class of 1819, though at the time a membpr of, and 
standing seventh in the succeeding Class. 

t B:?f()re entering the Military Academy, at the ape of 16, he W!is engaged in the Repulse, at the 
Mouth of Otter Creek, Miiy 14, 1814, of the British fleet attempting to sail past for the destruc- 
tion of Commodore McDonough's fleet on Lake Charaplain. 



190 GRADUATES OF THE 

Number. 1819. Class Rank. 

Served: on Ordnance dutj-, July 1, 1819, to June 1, 1821; in garrison at Ft. 
(Second Lieut., 1st Aettlleey, in Re-organization of Arjiy, June 1, 1821) 
(Transferred to 3d Infantry, Oct. 3, 1821) 
Sullivan, Me., 1821 ; on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1822-23 ; on Re- 
cruiting service, 1823 ; in garrison at Detroit, Mich. , 1824-26 ; on Recruiting 

(First Lieut. , 3d Infantry, Oct. 13, 1823) 
service, 1826-27; on Commissary duty at Cantonment Leavenworth, Kan., 
1827-29; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1829-30; on Recruiting ser- 
vice, 1830-32; on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 1832-36, — and Camp Sabine, 

(Captain, 3d Infantry, Aug. 31, 1833) 
La., 1836; as Acting Paymaster (under Law of July 4, 1836), Sep. 20, 1836, to 
Feb. 28, 1839; in gai-rison at Ft. Jesup, La., 1838-39; on Paymaster duty, Dec. 
17, 1839, to May 28, 1858, being in the Florida War, 1810-42,— and in the War 

(Paymaster, U. S. Army, Dec. 17, 1839) 
with Mexico, 1846^7, as Chief Paymaster of the forces under command of 
Brig. General Kearny. 

Died, May 28, 1858, at St. Louis, Mo. : Aged, 69. 



216. . (Bom Ct.) DANIEL TYLER (Ap'd Ct.) . .14 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. MUitary Academy from Sep. 28, 
1816, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, July 1, 1819. 
Serv'ed : in garrison at New England Posts, 1819-24, — and Ft. Monroe, Va. 
(Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, in Re-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(Teansfebeed to 1st Artillery, June 12, 1821) 
(ArtUlerj- School of Practice), 1824-26; on Ordnance duty, Apr. 20 to Oct. 

(First Lieut., 1st Aetillery, May 6, 1824) 
20, 1826; as Adjutant of the Artillery School of Practice at Ft. Monroe, Va., 
Oct. 29, 1826, to Dec. 27, 1827; on professional duty in France, and translat- 
ing from the French, "Manoeuvres of Artillery, " Jan. 3, 1828, to Jan. 2, 1830; 
<and on Ordnance duty, Jan. 14, 1830, to Dec. 31, 1833, as Superintendent of 
Contract Arms. 

Resigned, May 31, 1834. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer, 1834-61. President of Norwich. Ct., 
and Worster, Mas., Railroad Company, 1840-44, — of Morris Canal and Bank- 
ing Company, N. J., 1844-46, — and of Macon and Western Raih-oad Com- 
pany, Ga., 1846-48. Member of the Board of Visitors to the Military Acade- 
my, 1849. Superintending Engineer, Cumberland Valley Railroad, Pa., from 
Hamsburg to Chambersburg, 1849-51. General Superintendent of Dauphin 
and Susc[uehanna Railroad and Coal Company, Pa., 1852-60. Superintend- 
ing Eugmeer of Auburn and Alientown Railroad, Pa., 1855-57, — and President, 
1859-61. President and Engineer of Schuylkill and Susquehanna Railroad, 
Pa.. 1858-61. 

Militsiry History. — Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 
(Colonfl. 1st Connecticut Volunteees, Apr. 23, 1861) 
1861-64: in Defense of Washington, D. C, Mar.-July, 1861 ; in command 

(Brio. -General, Connecticut State Volunteees, May 10, 1861) 
of a division in the Manasses Campaign of July 1861, being engaged in the 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 191 



Number. 1819. Class Eank, 



Action of Blackburn's Ford, Va., July 18, 1861,— and Battle of Bull Run, Va., 
July 21, 18C1; and in the Defenses of Washington, D. C, July- Aug., 1861. 
Mustered out on Expiration of Service, Aug. 11, 1861. 

Ee-appointed in the United States Volunteer force, with the rank of 
Brig. -General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar, 13, 1862. 

Served: in the Mississippi Campaign (Army of the Mississippi), Apr. 25 to 
June 27, 1862, being engaged in the Action of Farmington, Mis., May 23, 
1862, — and Advance upon and Siege of Corinth, Mis., Apr. 29 to June 8, 1862; 
on sick leave of absence, June 27 to Aug. 13, 1862; in organizing Volunteer 
regiments in Connecticut, Aug. 13 to Sep. 15, 1862; in command of Camp 
Douglass, 111., Sep. 17 to Nov. 23, 1862; on Mihtary Commission investigat- 
ing General Buell's Campaign in Kentucky and Tennessee, Nov. 24, 1862, to 
May 10, 1863; in guarding the Upper Potomac, June 8-26, 1863, being engaged 
in the Action at Martinsburg, Va., June 14, 1863, — and in command of Harper's 
Ferry and Maiyland Heights, June 15, to June 26, 1863 when the Rebel army 
had invaded Pennsylvania ; and in command of troops at Baltimore, Md., 
June 27 to July 3, 1863,— and of the District of Delaware, July 3, 1863, to 
Apr. 6, 1864. 

Resigned, Ape 6, 1864. 

Civil History. — Residence, Red Bank, N. J. 



217. .(Bomlnd.) JOHN P. HAMTRAMCK * (Ap'd Ind.). .15 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Sep. 26, 
1815, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 
(Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Re-organization of Arjiy, June 1, 1821) 
Served: in garrison at Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1819-20; and on leave of absence, 
1820-22. 

Resigned, Mar. 1, 1822. 

Civil History.— Planter, near St. Louis, Mo., 1822-26. U. S. Indian Agent 
for Osage Tribe, May 2, 1826, to July 4, 1831. Planter at Shepherdstown, 
Jefferson Co., Va., 1832-46. Captain, Vii-ginia MUitia, 1835-46. 

Military History.— Served in the "War of 1846^8 with Mexico, in the 
(Colonel, 1st Reg. Virginia Volunteers, Dec. 31, 1846) 
Northern States, and was Governor of Saltillo, Mar. 8 to July 20, 1848. 
Disbanded, June 20, 1848. 

Civil History.— Planter, Shepherdstown, Va., 1848-58. Mayor of Shep- 
herdstowu, Va., 1850-54. Justice of the County Court of Jefferson Co., Va., 
1853-58. Captain, Virginia MiUtia, 1848-58. 

Died, Apr. 21, 1858, at Shepherdstown, Va. ; Aged 60. 

• Was a Sergeant iu Major Z. Taylor's Expodition up the Mississippi River in 1814, and 
received his appnintmont at; Cadot (or his good conduct in an action, o[)p isite the month of 
Rocli River, 111., July 19, 1814, with seven hundred Sac and Fox Inilians, supported by liiitiah 
batteries. Ho was the son of Captain John F. ILimtramck, distinguished In the Battle of 
Miami, in 1794. 



192 GRADUATES OF THE 



NxJMBEB. 1819. Class Rank. 



218 . . (Bom N. Y. ) ETHAN C. SICKLES (Ap'd N. Y. ) . 16 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from May 22, 
1814, to Jiily 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Aetillekt, Jtxly 1, 1819. 
Served in garrison at New England Posts, 1819-21, — and at St. Augustine, 
(Second Lieut., 4th Aktzlleey, in Ee-okganization of Akmy, June 1, 1821) 
Fla., 1821-23. 

Died, Oct. 12, 1823, at Htbebnia, St. John's Rivee, Fia. : Aged 24. 



219. (Bom N. Y.) JAMES S. HEPBURNE (Ap'd N. Y.). . 17 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 31, 
1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was gi'aduated and promoted in the Anny to 
Second Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleky, July 1, 1819. 
Served: in garrison at Charleston harbor, S. C, 1819, — AmeUa Island, Fla., 
1819,— Trader's Hill, Ga., 1819-20, —Amelia Island, Fla., 1820-21,— and 
(Second Lieut. , 4th Aetilleey, in Re-oeganization of Aejty, June 1, 1821) 
(Teansfeeeed to 2d Aetilleey, Aug. 16, 1821) 
Pittsburg Arsenal, Pa., 1822-24. 

Resigned, Oct. 1, 1824. 

Civil History. — Physician, at New Orleans, La,, 1824-33. 

Died, May 2, 1833, at New Okleans, La. : Aged 33. 



220. (Bom S. C.) JOHN L'ENGLE * (Ap'd S. C.)..18 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Mai*. 28, 

1816, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Coeps of Aetilleey, July 1, 1819. 

Served: in ganison at AmeUa Island. Fla., 1819-20, — Charleston harbor. 

S. C, 1820-26,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1826,— Charles- 

(Second Lieut., 3d Aetilleey, in Re-organization op Army, June 1, 1821) 
ton harbor, S. C, 1826-27,— Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1827-28,— and Ft. 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, Dec. 11, 1825) 
Monroe, Va. (Ai-tillery School for Practice), 1828-29; and on Quartermaster 
duty, at St. Augustine, Fla., 1829-32, — Superintending repairs of road in 

(Asst. Quartermaster, June 29, 1829, to Jult 7, 1838) 

Florida, 1832-33,— at Charleston, S. C, 1833-35,— in the Florida War, 

(Capt. Stajt— Asst. Quaetermvstee, July 7, 1838: Declined) 

(Captain, 3d Aetilleey, July 7, 1838) 

1835-36,— and at Charleston, S. C, 1836-38. 

Resigned, Nov. 30, 1838. 

CivH History. — Planter, Jacksonville, Fla., since 1838. 

• W;is cxaminod and Rraduatod with the Class of 1819, though at the time a member of, and 
standing elcvcDth in the succeeding Class. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 193 



NtJMBEK. 1819. Class Rank. 

221 . . (Bom Ya. ) JOHN M. EDWARDS (Ap'd Va.) . . 19 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Aug. 10, 1815, 
to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light AetHiLery, Jitly 1, 1819. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821. 

Transferred to 1st Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821. 

Served in garrison at New England Posts, — on the Atlantic Coast, 1819-24. 

Resigned, Nov. 1, 1824. 

Civil History. — -Unknown. 

Died, Feb. 14, 1836, near Washington, D. C. : Aged 37. 



222. .(Bom Va.). . . .AUSTIN BROCKENBROITGH (Ap'd Va.). .20 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 

Served: in gan-ison at Norfolk harbor, Va. , 1819; on Recruiting service, 

1819-20; in garrison at Ft. Nelson, Va., 1820-23; on Topographical duty, 

(Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, Oct. 1, 1826) 

May 5, 1823, to Mar. 20, 1828; and in garrison at Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1828-33. 

Resigned, June 30, 1833. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law in Virginia, 1835^0. 

Died, Sep. 6, 1842, at Key West, Fla. • Aged 41. 



223 . . (Born Mas. ) "WTLLIAM MALCOLM (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 21 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Sep. 1, 
1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 8th Infantry, July 1, 1819. 
Served: on Recruiting service, 1819-20 ; on construction of Militaiy Road 
through Mississippi, 1820 ; and in garrison at the Bay of St. Louis, Mis., 
(Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, in Re-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(First Lieut., 1st Infantry, June 1, 1822) 
1820-21,— and Baton Rouge, La., 1821-23. 

Died, Aug. 7, 1823, at Baton Rouge, La. : Aged 26. 



224. (Bom N. C.) JOHN MACKENZIE (Ap'd N. C.)..22 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Aug. 2-5, 
1813, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Secon-d Lieut., 8th Infantry, July 1, 1819. 

Served on Recruiting service, 1819-20 ; in garrison at the Bay of St. Louis, 
Mis., 1820-21,— New Orleans, La., 1821,— Natchitoches, La., '1821-22, —and 

(Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, in Re-organization op Army, June 1, 1821) 

13 



194 GRADUATES OF THE 



NUMBEE. 1819. ClASsKaNK. 

Baton Rouge, La., 1822-25 ; in the Creek Nation, 1825-26 ; in garrison at 

(FrRST LrEUT., 1st Infantry, Nov. 18, 1822) 
Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1826-27 ; on Expedition up the Wisconsin River, 
1827 ; in gan-ison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1827-28 ; and on frontier duty 
at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1828. 

Killed, Sep. 26, 1828, by a Sergeant, at Ft. Crawford, Wis. : Aged 30. 



225.. (Bom Mas.) JOSEPH D. RUPP (Ap'dMas.) .23 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 2, 
181-1, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Light Artillery, July 1, 1819. 
Served in garrison at New England Posts, 1819-21, — and at St. Augustine. 
(Second Ldsut., 4:TH Aetillert, in Ee-oeganization of Aemy, JuneI, 1821) 
Fla., 1821. 

Died, Dec. 17, 1821, at St. Augustine, Fla. : Aged 22. 



226. . (Bom Md.) JACOB A. DUMESTE (Ap'd Md.) . .24 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 6, 
1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 
Served: on Recruiting service, 1819-20 ; on the MiHtary Road through Mis- 
sissippi Territory, 1820 ; in garrison at Ft. Bowyer, Ala., 1820-21, — and Ft. 

(Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
McHemy, Md., 1821-23 ; and on Topographical duty. May 5, 1823, to 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, Jan. 13, 1831) 
Aug. 29, 1831. 

Died, Oct. 10, 1831, at Baltimore, Md. : Aged 33. 



227. . (Born Del.) JAMES R BLAISTEY (Ap'd Del.). .25. 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 7, 

1815, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 

Served: on Recruiting service, 1819-20; in garrison at Ft. Gadsden, Fla., 

1820-21,— Ft. St. Marks, Fla., 1821-22,— Pensacola harbor, Fla., 1822-24,— 

(Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, in Re-org.inization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Aug. 11, 1823) 

and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824; suspended and 

absent from duty, 1824-26; and for repeated disobedience of orders and failure 

to appear for trial at Ft. Monroe, Va. , was 

DismssED, Nov. 27, 1826. 

Civil History.^Unknown. 

Died, 1840, near Natchitoches, La. : Aged 53. 



U. S. MILITAllY ACADEMY. 195 



Number. 1819. ClassEank. 



228 . . (Born Vt. ) R03WELL CON ANT (Ap'd Vt. ) . . 26 

Military History. -Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Dec. 30, 
1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduatcil and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Rifles, July 1, 1819. 
Served on the "Western Frontier, on the Missouri Border, 1820. 
Resignkd, Sep. 30, 1820. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 1821, at St. Louis, Mo. : Aged 24. 



229. .(Bom Vt.) JASPER STRONG (Ap'd Vt.) . .27 

Military HUstory. — Cadet at the IT. S. MiUtary Academy from Aug. 11, 
1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 8th Infantry, July 1, 1819. 

Served: on Recruiting service, 1819-20; in garrison at Petite Coquille (Ft. 

(Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
Pike), La., 1820, — and Baton Roiige, La., 1820-23; and on Recruiting ser- 

(FiRST Lieut., 1st Infantry, Jan. 1, 1823) 
vice, 1823. 

Resigned, Dec. 25, 1823. 

Civil History. — ^Contractor for building fortifications on the Coast of the 
Gulf of Mexico, 1824. Planter, near Pensacola, Fla., 1824-61. Resided at 
Queechy, Vt., 1861-65. 

Died, Nov. 6, 1865, at Queechy, Vt. : Aged 68. 



230. . (Bom N. T.) HENRY GILBERT (Ap'd N. T.). .28 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. jVIilitary Academy from Aug. 1, 

1814, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 

Served: in garrison at West Point, N. Y., 1819-20; at the Military Academy, 

as Asst. Instructor of Artillery, Feb. 1, 1820, to Dec. 23, 1824; on Ordnance 

(Second Lieut. , 2d Artillery, in Re-organiz.\tion of Army, June 1, 1821) 
duty, Dec. 23, 1824, to Dec. 19, 1825; and in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. 
(Artillery School for Practice), 1825-27. 

Died, June 26, 1827, at Fort Monroe, Va. : Aged 26. 



231 . . (Bom Mas. ) WILLIAM H. SWIFT * (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 29 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Aug. 17, 
1813, to July 1, 1819, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1819. 
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization op Army, June 1, 1821. 

* Was the snn of Dr. Foster Rwtft, Asst. Surgeon, and brother of General Joseph G. Swut, 
Chief Engineer, U. S. Army 



196 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1819-20. Class Eank. 

Served: on Topographical duty, Sep. 12, 1821, to Aug. 1, 1832; as Assistant 
(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Aug. 5, 1824) 
(BvT. Capt. State — Asst. Topographical Engineer, Aug. I, 1832) 
on the Geodetic Survey of the Atlantic Coast of the United States, 1833-43; 
on Survey of Norwich, Ct., and Worcester, Mas., Eailroad, 1833-35, — of 
entrance to Connecticut Eiver, 1836, — and of Saybrook harbor, Ct., 1837; in 
charge of Improvement of Eivers and Harbors on Lons Islnnd Sound. 
1838-39, and on the New England Coast, 1839-44; of Chicago and Illinois 

(Captain, Corps of Top. Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
Canal, 1843,— and of Black Eock Ledge Beacon, N. Y., 1843; as Member of 
the Board of Visitors to the Military Academy, 1843; as Assistant in the 
Topographical Bureau at Washington, D. C, 1844-49; in making examination 
of site for Pier at Cape Porpoise, Me., 1845; in charge of construction of 
Portsmouth Light-house, N. H., and of Faii-weather Island Sea-wall, Ct., 1847: 
on Inspection of Minot's Ledge Light-house, Mas., 1847-48. and erecting its 
Lantern, 1849; and on Inspection of Fairweather Island Light-house, Ct., 
1847, and of Sea-waU, 1849. 

Eesigned, July 31, 1849. 

Civil History. — Eesidcnt Superintending Engineer, Western Eailroad, from 
Worcester, Mas., to Albany, N. Y., 1836-40. President of the Board of 
Trustees of IlHnois and Michigan Canal, since 1845, — of Philadelphia, Pa., 
and Baltimore, Md., Eailroad, 1849-51, — and of Western Eaih-oad, from 
Worcester, Mas., to Albany, N. Y., 1851-54. Degree of A. M., confeiTed by 
Harvard University, Mas., 1853. Eesidence, New York city. 



CLASS OF 1820. 



232 . . (Born N. J.) STEPHEN TUTTLE (Ap'd N. J.) . .1 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 7, 
1817, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1820. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Aug. 29, 1820. 
Sei-ved: at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Natural and Experi- 
mental Philosophy, July 1, 1820, to July 1, 1821; as Assistant to the Board of 
Engineers, 1821-22; as Disbursing Agent, New York, 1822-23; as Asst. 
Engineer in the construction of the defenses of New Orleans. La., 1823-26, — 
of Ft. Caswell, mouth of Cape Fear Eiver, N. C, 1826-27,— of Ft. Morgan. Ala., 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, M.vy 24, 1828) 
1828-29, — and of Improvement of Pass au Heron, Mobile harbor, Ala., 
1828-29; and as Sujierintending Engineer of repairs of fortifications in 
Delaware Eiver, 1829-31, — of construction of the Cumberland Eoad in Ohio, 
1831-32, — of the preservation of Pea-Patch Island, Del., and improvement of 
the Harbors in Delaware Eiver, 1832-33, — and of the repairs of Ft. Marion, 
St. Augustine, Fla., 1833-35. 

Died, Jan. 21, 1835, at St. Augustine, Fla. : Aged 37. 



233 . (Born Ten.) ANDRE"W J. DONELSON (Ap'd Ten.) . .2 

Military History. - Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 20, 
1817, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 
BvT. Second Lieut. , Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1820, 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Oct 1, 1820. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 197 



Number. 1820. Class Eank. 



Served as Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Jackson, 1820-21, while in com- 
mand of the Southern Division, and as Governor of the Territory of Florida ; 
and as Assistant to the Board of Engineers, 1821-22. 
Resigned, Feb. 1, 1822. 

Civil History.— Cotton Planter, Bolivar County, Mis., 1822-05. Private 
Scin-etary to I'rcsident Jackson, Mar. 4, 1829, to Mar. 4, 1837. Charge d' Af- 
faires of the United Strifes of America to the Eepubhc of Texas, Seji. 16, 1844, 
to Dec. 29, 1845. Envoy Exti-aordinary and Minister Plenijiotentiary of the 
United States of America to Prussia, Mar. 18. 184G, to June 9, 1849,— and to 
the Federal Government of Germany, Aug. 9, 1848, to Nov. 2, 1849. Editor 
of the " Wasliington, D. C, Union," 1851-52. Candidate for Vice-President 
of the United States, 1852. Counsellor at Law, Memphis, Ten., since 1865. 



234. (Bom Md.) THOMAS E, SUDLER (Ap'dMd.) .3 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 26, 
1816, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Third Lieut., Ordnance, July 1, 1820. 
Served at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Sep. 3, 
(Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Ee-organization or Army, June 1, 1821, 
TO Eank from July 1, 1820) 
(Transferred to 1st Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 
1820, to July 1, 1821. 

Eesigned, Nov. 16, 1821. 

Civil History. — Appointed, July, 1824, by the Governor of Maryland, to 
trace the Jjoundai-y Line between the States of Virginia and Maryland. Mem- 
ber of the House of Eepresentatives of the State of Maryland, 1825-26. Lieut. - 
Colonel, MiUtary Department of Maryland, 1826-40. Professor of Mathe- 
matics, Ci^^l Engineering, and Military Tactics, in St. John's College, IVId. , 
1826-40, — and of Mathematics, Mechanics, and Astronomy, in Dickinson Col- 
lege, Pa., 1840-51. President of the Wesleyan Female College, Wilmington 
Del., 1851-52. Degree of A. M., conferred by Union College, N. Y., 1830,— 
and by Dickinson College, Pa., 1840. 

Died, Dec. 31, 1860, at Wilmington, Del. : Aged 59. 



235..(BomN. C.) "WTLLIAM H. BELL (Ap'd N. C. ) . , 4 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 25, 

1810, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Therd Lieut., Ordnance, July 1, 1820. 

Served: at the Militai-y Academv, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Aug. 18, 

1820, to July 1, 1823; on Ordnance duty, Aug. 1, 1823, to Nov. 1, 1830; on 

(Second Lieut., 3u Artillery, in Eb-organiz.ition of Army, June 1, 1821, 

to E.^nk from July 1, 1820) 

(Teansfeered to 4th Aetilleey, Aug. 16, 1821) 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Nov. 1, 1823) 

Quartermaster duty, Nov. 1, 1830, to July 31, 1831; on Ordnance duty, Aug. 

(Asst. Quartermaster, Nov. 1, 1830, to July 31, 1831) 

1, 1831, to May 30, 1832; as Assistant in Ordnance Bureau at Washington, 

(Captain, Ordnance, May 30, 1832) 



198 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1S20. Class Kank. 

D. C, 1832-38; in command of Washington Ai-senal, D. C, 1838-40,— of St. 
Louis Arsenal, Mo. , 1840-48 ; in the War with Mexico, at Vera Cruz, 1848 ; in 

(Major, Ordnance, M.\r. 25, 1848) 
command of St. Louis Arsenal, Mo., 1848-51, — of Allegheny Arsenal, Pa., 
1851-54. — of Harper's Ferry Armory, Ya., 1854. — of Washington Arsenal, 
D. C, 1855-58, — and of St. Louis Arsenal, Mo., 1858-Gl; and as Member of 
Ordnance Board, Oct. 8-24, 1856. 

Resigned, May 28, 1861. 

Civil History. — Unknown. Eesidence, Columbus, Mo. 



236 ..(BornN. Y.) WILLLA.M C. DE HART (Ap'd N. Y.). .5 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 30, 
1814, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 
Third Lieut. , Ordnance, July 1, 1820. 
Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Ke-organization of Army, June 1, 1821, 

TO rank from July 1, 1820. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, July 1, 1820, to Aug. 20, 1822; in garrison at 

Plattsburgh, N. Y., 1822-24,— and New York harbor, 1824, 1825, 1826; on 

Piecruiting service, 1826; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1826-27, — 

Savannah, Ga., 1827-28,— Ft. Monroe, Ya. (Artillei-y School for Practice , 

1828,— and Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1828-29 ; on Courts Martial, 1830-31 ; as 

(BvT. First Lieut., July 1, 1830, for Faithful Service 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Scott, Jan. 3, 1831, to Apr. 2, 1838 ; on Special 

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, Oct. 10, 1831) 
duty on the Northern Frontier, 1838-39, during Canada Border Disturbances : 

(Captain, 2d Artillery, Apr. 3, 1838) 
as Acting Judge Advocate of the Army, Nov. 8, 1839, to Nov. 9, 1842 ; in gar- 
rison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1842-45 ; on Special duty, preparing his "Ob- 
servations on Military Law, and the Constitution and Practice of Courts 
Martial," Feb. 6, 1845, to Jan. 12, 1847 ; in the War with Mexico, 1847, being 
engaged in the Siege of Vera Cruz, ]Mar. 9-20. 1847, — Battle of Cerro Gordo, 
Apr. 17-18, 1847, — Sknmish of Amazoque, May 14, 1847, -and Defense of 
Puebla, Sep. 13-Oct. 12, 1847, of which he was Lieut. -Governor, Aug. G to 
Oct. 23, 1847 ; and on sick leave of absence, 1847-48. 

Died, Apr. 21, 1848, at Eliz.abethtown, N. J. : Aged 48. 



237.. (Bora N. Y.). .. .FRANCIS N. BARBARIN (Ap'd N. Y.)..6 

Military History. -Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 1, 
1815, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Third Lieut., Ordnance, July 1, 1820. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Ee-org.\nization of Army, June 1, 1821, 

TO RANK from JuLY 1, 1820. 

Sei-ved : on Ordnance duty, July 1, 1820, to Aug. 20, 1822 ; in garrison at 
Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1822-24,— and'Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Prac- 
tice), 1824-26 ; at the Military Acaderav. as Asst. Instructor of Infontry Tac- 
tics, Jan. 19 to Apr. 20, 1826 ; on Ordnance duty, Apr. 20, 1826, to Nov. 2, 
(FniST Lieut., 3d Artillery, Feb. 28, 1827) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 199 



NuMBEB. 1820. Class Eank. 

1827 ; in ganison at Ft Wolcott, R. I., 1827-33 ; and on Ordnance duty, Jan. 
1, 1834, to Sep. 16, 1836. 

Resigned, Sep. 1G, 1836. 

Civil History.— Civn Engineer in Virginia and North Carolina, 1836-40. 
Cliief Clerk of U. S. Engineer Department, since 1845. 



238. (Born Va.) ROBERT S. BROOKE (Ap'dVa.)..7 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 1, 
1816, to July 1, 1820, when he was gi'aduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Thied Lieut., Ordnance, July 1, 1820. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, July 1, 1820, to Dec. 1, 1820. 
Resigned, Dec. 1, 1820. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, Stanton, Va., 1824^0, — and Planter, 

1831-40. Adjutant, Captain, and Brigade Inspector, Vngiuia Militia, 1824-32. 

Member of the House of Delegates of the State of Vu-ginia, 1832, 1835, 1836, 

1842 and 1843. Director of the Western Lunatic Asylum, Va., 1831 to 18—, 

Died, 18 — , at Stanton, Va. : Aged — . 



239. (Born Md.) JAMES A. CHAMBERS (Ap'dMd.)..8 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. IMiUtaiy Academy from Aug. 5, 

1814, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Light Aetilleey, July 1, 1820. 

Teansfekred to Coeps of Artillery, Aug. 2, 1820. 

Served: in gan-isonat Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1820-21,— Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 

(Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

1821-23,— New York harbor, 1823, 1824,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Ai-tillery School 

for Practice), 1824-26, — and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1826; on Commissary and 

Quartermaster duty at Baltimore, Md., 1826; on Ordnance duty, Oct. 20,"l826, 

to Mar. 6, 1828; in gan-ison at Savannah, Ga., 1828-29, — Augusta Arsenal, 

Ga., 1829,— Savannah, Ga., 1829-30,— and Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1830; in 

(Bvt. Fiest Lieut., July 1, 1830, foe Faithful Service 

Ten Y''eaes in ont; Ge.ide) 

Cherokee Nation, 1830; in garrison at Savannah, Ga., 1830-31, 1831-32,— and 

(First Lieut., 2d Aetilleey, Jan. 28, 1832) 
Ft. Pike, La., 1833-35; on Ordnance duty, June 4, 1835, to Jan. 21, 1836; in 
the Florida War, 1836; in Operations in Creek Nation, as Chief Quartermaster 

(ASST. QUAETEEMASTEE, AuG. 25, 1836, TO JuLY 7, 1838) 
and Commissary, 1836; in the Florida War, 1836-38; as Aide-de-Camp to 
(Capt. Staff — Asst. Quaeteemastee, July 7, 1838) 
(Captain, 2d Aetilleey, July 7, 1838) 
Major-General Jesup, Aug. 28, 1836, to May 13, 1838 (Acting Asst. Adjutant- 
General of the Army of the South. 1837, 1837-38\ being eng.aged against the 
Seminole Indians in the Skirmish of Hatcheeluskee Creek, June 27, 1837, — and 
Combat of Locha-Hatchee, Jan. 24, 1838; and on Quartermaster duty, at Bal- 
timore, Md., 1838. 

Died, Dec. 10, 1838, at Baltimoee, Md. : Aged 38. 



200 GKADUATES OF THE 



Number. 18:20. Class Kank. 

240 . . (Born Ten. ) . . . . ED'WARD G. W. BUTLER * ( Apd Ten. ) . . 9 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. li, 
181G, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Aetilleky, July 1, 1820. 

Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, in Ke-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821. 

Served: on Topograi^hical duty, Oct. 31, 1820, to Dec. 8, 1823; and as Aide- 

(FiRST Lieut., 4th Artillery, Nov. 6, 1823) 

de-Camp to Bvt. Maj. -General Gaines, and Acting Asst. Adjutant-General of 

the Eastern and Western Departments, Dec. 8, 1823, to May 28, 1831. 

Kesigned, ]May 28, 1831. 

Civil History. — President of the Plaquemine Branch of the Union Bank 
of Louisiana, 1842-47. Major-General, Louisiana Militia, 1846-47. Sugar 
Planter, Iberville Parish, La., 1831-47. 

Military History. — Ke-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

Colonel, 3d Dragoons, Ape. 9, 1847. 
Served in the War with Mexico, in command of the District of the Upper 
Rio Grande, Mex., Sep. 23, 1847, to June 30, 1848. 
Disbanded, July 31, 1848. 

Civil History.— Sugar Planter, IberviUe Parish, La., since 1848. 



241. .(Bom N. Y.) DANIEL D. TOMPKINS (Apd N. Y.)..10 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 20, 

1814, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Third Lieut., Ordnance, July 1, 1820. 

Second Lleut., 2d Artillery, in Ee-organization of Army, June 1, 

1821, to Eank from July 1, 1820. 

Transferred to 1st Artillery, Aug. 16, 1821. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, July 1, 1820, to Aug. 1, 1823 ; in gan-ison at Ft. 

Independence, Mas., 1823-24; on Ordnance duty at Watervliet Arsenal, N. Y., 

Aug. 5, 1824, to Mar. 6, 1828; in gamGon at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Ai-tillery School 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Mar. 1, 1825) 
for Practice), 1828-30,— and Wilmington, N. C, 1830-31 ; on Engineer dutv. 
May 7, 1831, to Dec. 12, 1832 ; on Ordnance duty, Jan. 1 to Dee. 31, 1833 ; in 
garrison at Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 1833-35,— and Ft. Severn, Md., 1835-36; in the 

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Dec. 31, 1835, to Apr. 21, 1846) 

Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836-38, being engaged in the 

Skirmish at San Velasco Hammock, t Sep. 18, 1836, — and Battle of Wahoo 

(BvT. Major, Sep. 11, 1836, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 

IN the War against the Florida Indians) 

Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836; on Quartermaster duty at Trader's Hill, Ga., 1838-39,— 

(Cai't. Staff— Asst. Quartermaster, July 7, 1838) 

* Was tho son of Captain Edward Butler, Adjutint-Genoral of Major-Goneral Wayne's Army 
of tho West. 

t By resolution of the Legislature of tho Toriitnry of Florida, of Feb. 8, 1838, ho was 
recommoiiflod to the President to bo brcvottod a M:i,jor, " for tho g:illautry and good conduct 
displayed by him in tho different actions in whicli ho has been engaged during the Florida 
War, and particularly that of San Velasco, whore ho charged and beat tho euemy with an 
Inferior force." 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 201 



NuMBEB. 1820. Class Rank. 

in the Florida War, at Ft. ^Yhite, 1839^0,— Boston, Mas., 1840,— Philadelphia, 
Pa. , 1840-46, in charge of Office of Ai-my Clothing and Supplies, —Cincinnati, O. , 

(Majok Staff — Quaktermaster, July 22, 1842) 

1846, fon\-arding supplies to Mexico,— Philadelphia, Pa., 1846-47, in charge of 

Office of Army Clothing and Supplies, — New Orleans, La., 18474t9, — Boston, 

(BvT. Lieut. -Colonel, May 30, 1848, for Meritorious Conduct, 

pakticulakly in the performance of his duties in the 

Prosecution of the Wae with Mexico) 

Mas., 1849-51,— Chief Quartei-master of the Department of Texas, 1851-53, and 

(Lieut. -Col. Staff — Dep. Quakteemastee-Gen. , Sep. 16, 1851) 

(Col. Staff — Asst. Quaeteemaster-Gen. , Dec. 22, 1856) 

1853-54,— New Orleans, La., 1854-58,— and New York city, 1859-61. 

Served dm-ing the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-63 : as Depot 
Quartermaster at New York city for furnishing supplies to the Armies in the 
field, Apr. 12,. 1861, to Feb. 26," 1863. 

Died, Feb. 26, 1863, at Beooklyn, N. Y. : Aged 63, 



242.. (Bom Md.) JOHN H. WINDER * (Ap'd Md. ) . . 11 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. IVIilitary Academy from Aug 5, 
1814, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Coeps of Artillery, July 1, 1820. 
Teansfeeeed to Rifles, Oct. 23, 1820. 
Served: in garrison at Ft. McHenry, Md., 1820; on the Florida Frontier, 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(Teansfeeeed to 3d Aetillery, Aug. 16, 1821) 
1820-22; on Ordnance duty, Feb. to Aug. 20, 1822; and on leave of absence, 
1822-23. 

Resigned, Aug. 31, 1823. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Re-appointed in the United States Army with the rank of 
Second Lieut., 1st Aetillery, Apr. 2, 1827. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 1827; at the Military Academy, as 
Asst. Instructor of Infantry Tactics, Nov. 22, 1827, to Sep. 21, 1828; in "gar- 
rison at Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1828-29; on Engineer duty (Cape Fear River Im- 
provement), June 2, 1829, to Dec. 1, 1832; in garrison at Ft. Johnston, N. C, 
1832-33, 1834-35; on Engineer duty. May 30, 1835, to Jan. 21, 1836; in the 

(First Lieut., 1st Aetilleey', Nov. 30, 1833) 
Florida War, 1836, 1836-38; as Adjutant, 1st Artillery, at Regimental head- 
quarters. May 23, 1838, to Jan. 20, 1840; as Bearer of Despatches to Bvt. 
Brig. -General Arbuckle, 1840; on Maine Frontier, at Houlton, Me., 1840, 
pending "Disputed Temtorv" controversy; in garrison at Ft. Preble, Me., 
1840-41, 1841-42,— Ft. SuUivan, Me., 1842-43,— Hancock Barracks, Me., 

(Capt.atn, 1st Artillery, Oct. 7, 1842) 
1843-44,— Ft. Kent, Me., 1844 -45,— Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1845-46.— and Ft. Pick- 
ens, Fla., 1846-47; in the War \vith Mexico, 1847-48, being engaged in the 
Skirmish of La Hoya, June 20, 1847,— Skirmish of Oka Laka Aug. 16, 1847,— 

• Was the son of General William H. Winder, who served in the War of 1812-15, and was 
defeated at Bladensburg in 1814. 



202 GEAbUATES OF THE 



Number. 1820. Class Eaxk. 

Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19-20, 1847,— Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— 

(BvT. Majoe, Aug. 20, 1847, fgk Gallant and IVIeeitoeious 

Conduct in the Battles of Coxteeeas and 

Chueubusco, Mex.) 

Storming of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847, — and Assault and Capture of the City 

of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847; in garrison at Ft. Coliimbus, N. Y., 1849-50,— 

(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., Sep. 14, 1847, foe Gall.ant Conduct on enteeing 

the City of Mexico) 

Ft. Myers, Fla., 1850-53,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1853-56,— Key West Ban-acks, 
Fla., 1856-57,— Ft. Dallas, Fla., 1857-58,— and Barrancas Barracks, Fla., 

(Majoe, 3d Aetilleey, Nov. 22, 1860) 
1858-60; and on leave of absence, 1860-61. 

Resigned, Apk. 27, 1861. 

Joined the Eebellion of 1861-66 against the United States, and became the 
inhuman jailer of the Libby and other Southern prisons. 

Died, Feb. 9, 1865, at Beanchville, S. C. : Aged 65. 



243 .. . (Born Va. ) . . . . "WILLIAM P. BUCHANAN ( Ap'd Va. ) . . 12 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtaiy Academy from Oct. 27, 
1816, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Thied Lieut., Oednange, July 1, 1820. 
Seconi> Lieut., 2d Aetilleey, in Ee-oeganization of Army, June 1, 1821, 

to bank feom july 1, 1820. 
Served on Ordnance duty, July 1, 1820, to Jan. 28, 1822. 

Eesigned, Mae. 31, 1822. 
Re-appointed in the United States Army with the rank of 
Second Lieut., 6th Infantey, June 21, 1822, 
and while on his way to join his regiment, was 

Dkowned, Sep. 20, 1822, in the jVIississippi Eiveb : Aged 20. 



244 .(Bom N. C). . .SAMUEL B. DUSENBERRY (Ap'd N. C). .13 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 13, 
1816, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Aetilleey, July 1, 1820. 
Second Lieut., 4th Aetilleey, in Ee-oeganization of Aemy, June 1, 1821. 
Served : in garrison at Ft. Gadsden. Fla, 1820-21,— Ft. St. Marks, Fla., 
1821-23,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824-25,— Augusta 

(FiEST Lieut., 4th Aetilleey, Mae. 1, 1825) 
Arsenal, Ga., 1825-27, Ft. McHenry, Md.. 1827-28; on Commissary duty at 
Baltimore, Md., Sep. 25, 1828, to Oct. 1, 1829, and Feb. 1, 1830, to Nov. 17, 
1832; on Quartermaster duty at Baltimore, Md., 1833, — Delaware Breakwater, 

(AssT. QuiVETEEMASTEE, Feb. 15, 1833, TO JuLY 7, 1838) 

1833,— Ft. Mitchell, Ala., 1833-34,- Annapolis, Md., 1834-36,— Florida War, 

1836, — liurchasing supplies in Kentucky, 183(5, — Florida War, 1830-37, — Ft, 

Monroe, Va., 1837,— St. Augustine, Fla., 1837-38,— Baltimore, Md., 1839-44, 

(Capt. Staff— Asst. Quaeteemaster, July 7, 1838) 

(Capt/vin, 4x3 Artillery, July 7, 1838, ao June 18, 1846) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 203 



NuMBEK. 1820. Class Kank. 

—St. Louis, Mo., 1844-45,— Baltimore, Md., 1845-48,— East Pascugoula, Mis., 

(Major Staff — Quartekjlvster, Mar. 3, 1847) 
1848, — and Baltimore, Md., 1848-52 ; on leave of absence, 1852-53 ; and aa 
Chief Quartermaster of the Department of New Mexico, Sep. 5, 1854, to 
Apr. 5, 1855. 

Died, Apr. 5, 1855, at Santa Fe, New JMexico : Aged 57. 



245. .(Born Pa.) HENRY J. PELTUS (Ap'd N. Y.). .14 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Sep. 29, 

1814, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1820. 

Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821. 

Served in garrison at NorfoUc harbor, Va., 1820-21, — Ft. Johnston, N. C, 

1821,— Ft. Wolcott, R. L, 1821-26,— Ft. Independence, Mas., 1826,— and Ft. 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Sep. 15, 1825) 
Mom-oe, Ya. (Artillery School for Practice, doing Ordnance duty), 1826. 
Resigned, Mar. 31, 1827. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law, New York city, 1830-37. Merchant, 
Philadelphia, Pa., since 1837. 



246. .(Bom N. Y.) NICHOLAS CRUGER (Ap'd N. Y.). .15 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 26, 

1815, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 

Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1820. 

Transferred froii 2d to 7th, July 15, and from 7th to 

Gth Infantry, July 25, 1820. 

Served: in conducting reci-uits to Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1821; on 

frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1821-23; on the Arickaree Expedition, 

(First Lieut., 6th Infantry, Feb. 28, 1823) 
1823, serving as Volunteer Adjutant of Missouri Legion, and Commisaiy and 
Quartermaster of the command, and participated in the Attack on the Indian 
Towns, Aug. 9-11, 1823; on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1823-24; on 
Recruiting service, 1825-26; in conducting recruits to Ft. Gibson, I. T., 

(Captain, 6th Infantry, Feb. 11, 1827) 
1826-27; and in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1827. 
Resigned, Oct. 31, 1827. 

Civil History. — Member of the Board of Supervisors of "Westchester 
County, X. Y., 1832-43. Member of the House of Representatives of the State 
of New York, 1838. Farmer, Cnigers, Westchester County, N. Y., since 1827. 



204: GEADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1820. Class Eank. 

247. .(Born S. C.) RAWLINS LOWTTDES (Ap'd S. C). 16 

Militaiy History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Aug. 31, 

181(3, to Jiily 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1820. 

Served: on Eecruiting service, 1820; in garrison at Ft. Moulti-ie, S. C, 

(Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821) 

1820-21; on Topographical duty, 1821; and as Aide-de-Camp to Bvt. Maj.- 

(TrANSFERRED to 1st INF.4.NTRY, JuNE 12, 1823) 

(First Lieut., 1st Infantry, Aug. 7, 1823) 
General Gaines, July 14, 1821, to Dec. 31, 1830. 

Eesigned, Dec. 31, 1830. 

Civil History. — Eice Planter on San tee Eiver, near Georgetown, S. C, 
since 1830. 



248. .(Born N. Y.) LEWIS N. MORRIS (Ap'd N. Y.)..17 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 15, 

1815, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1820. 

Transferred to 3d Infantry, Aug. 24, 1820. 

Served: on Eecruiting service, 1821; in garrison at Chicago, lU., 1821-22; on 

frontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1824-25; on Eecruiting service, 1825-26; 

(First Lieut., 3d Infantry, Dec. 31, 1825) 
on fr-ontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1826; on Commissary duty at Jefferson 
Barracks, Mo., 1827-28,— Ft. Ai-mstrong, 111., 1828-30,— Des Moines Eapids, 
lo., 1830,— Ft. Armstrong, 111., 1830-31,- and Ft. Jesup, La., 1831-33; on 

(Captain, 3d Infantry, Oct. 31, 1833) 
Eecruiting service, 1833-37; in garrison at Ft. Towson, I. T., 1837-40; in the 
Florida War, 1840-42; in garrison at Ft. Stansbury, Fla., 1842-43,— and Jef- 
ferson Barracks, Mo., 1843-44; on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup (Camp Willcins\ 
La., 1844-45; in Mditary Occupation of Texas, 1845-46; and in the War with 
Mexico, 1846, being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846,— Battle 
of Eesaca-de-la-Palma, May 9, 1846,— and Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21, 1846, 
(Bvt. Major, May 9, 1846, for Gallant and Distinguished Conduct in 
the Battles of Palo Alto and Eesaca-de-l.i-Palma, Tex. ) 
where, while gallantly leading his regiment in the assault of the enemy's 
works, he was 

Killed, Sep. 21, 1846: Aged 46, 



249. . (Bom Md.) JOSHUA BARNEY (Ap'd Md.). . 18 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. ]\Iihtary Academy from May 4, 
1815, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1820. 
Served: at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1820 21,— Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1821 23, 
(Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, in Re-okganization of Army, June 1, 1821) 
—New York harbor, 1823,— and Ft. McHenry, Md., 1823-26; on Ordnance 
duty, Aug. 31, 1826, to June 11, 1827; on Topographical duty, June 11, 1827, 
to June 14, 1830; and on leave of absence, 1830 32. 
Resigned, July 31, 1832. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 205 



Number. 1820. Class Kank. 

Civil History. — Assistant Euj^ineer, Boston and Providence Kailroad, 
1832 3(3. Engineer of the State of Maine, 183C; and of Andover and Wilming- 
ton, Mas., — Andover and Haverhill, Mas., — and Bangor and old Town, Me., 
Railroads, 1836-37. Engineer of Surveys of Boston and Salem, Mas., — 
Lowell and Nashua, Mas., — Portsmouth and Newburyport, Mas., — and Port- 
land and Gorham, Me., Railroads, — and Kennebec and Casco Bay Canal, 
1835-37. Civil Engineer in the service of the United States, 1844-5i, sujoerin- 
tending improvements of Dubiique harbor, Jo., — Military and other roads, in 
Iowa, — improvement of Rock Island Rajjids, lo., — and exploration and survey 
of railroad route from St. Louis, Mo., to Fulton, Ark. Engineer of Little Rock 
and Ft. Smith Branch Railroad, Ark., 1853-5-4. Assistant in the Geodetic 
Survey of the Northern Lakes, 1859-G7. 

Died, Ape. 13, 1867, at Detroit, Mich: Aged 67. 



250..(Bor)\ Va.) GEORGE F. LINDSAY (Ap'd D. C). .19 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Apr. 7, 
1815, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1820, 

Served in garrison at Plattsburgh, N. Y,, 1820-21,— and Sackett's Harbor, 
N. Y., 1821-22. 

Resigned, July 1, 1822. 

Naval History. — Re-appointed in the Naval Service with the rank of 

Second Lieut. , Marines, Apr. 1, 1823. 
Served: at the Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C, 1823, — New York, 
1823-25,— Portsmouth Navy Yard, Me., 1825-26,— New York, 1826,— Cruise 
of the Sloop Hornet, 1826-27,— New York, 1827,— Norfolk, Va., 1827-28,— 
Pensacola Navy Yard, Fla., 1828-31, — in command of guard of the Sloop 
Erie, 1831,— Pensacola Nav-y Yard, Fla., 1831-35,— Philadelphia Navy Yard, 

(FmsT Lieut., Marines, Sep. 19, 1831) 
Pa., 1836, — as Quartermaster and Commissary of Marine Battalion in the 
Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836-37, — and at the Marine Bar- 
racks at Wasliington, D. C, 1837-38; and on Quartermaster duty at the Phila- 

(Capt. Staff — Asst. Quartermaster, Mak. 12, 1838) 
delphia Navy Yard, Pa., 1838-41, 1841-47,— New York, 1847-55,— and at the 

(Major Staff — Quartermaster, July 19, 1855) 
Marine headquarters at Washington, D. C, 1855-57. 

Died, Sep. 27, 1857, at Washington, D. C. : Aged 56. 



251. (Bom N. Y.) JOHN M. TUFTS (Ap'd N. Y.). .20 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 15, 
1814, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted "in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Corps of Artillery, July 1, 1820. 
Served in garrison at Detroit, Mich., 1820,— Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1820-21,— 
(Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, in Re-organtzation of Army, June 1, 1821) 
(Transferred to 3d Artillery, July 25, 1821) 
and Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1821-22. 

Resigned, Nov 1, 1822. 

Civil History. — Member of the House of Representatives of the State of 
New Jersey, 1834 and 1835; and of Board of Freeholders of Middlesex County, 
N. J., 1834 and 1835. School Inspector, Woodbi-idge District, N. J., .since 
1830. Farmer, Woodbridge, N. J., since 1823. 



206 GEADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1820. Class Rank. 



252 . (Boi-n Mas.) BENJAMIN GORHAM (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 21 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 17, 
181-1, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Light Aetilleky, July 1, 1820. 
Secoxb Lieut., 5th Infantky, in Re-okganization of Abmy, June 1, 1821. 
Served in garrison at New England Posts, 1820-21, — and Ft. Armstrong, 
m., 1821. 

Died, Oct. 15, 1821, at Fort Armstrong, III. : Aged 22. 



253. (Bom N. C.) SAMUEL McREE (Ap'd N. C.)..22 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militarj"- Academy from Jnly 12, 

1815, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-mj'- to 

Second Lieut., 8th Infantry, July 1, 1820. 

Served at the Militaiy Academy, as Asst. Instmctor of Infantry Tactics, 

Aug. 31 to Dec. 2, 1820; on Topographical duty, Dec. 2, 1820, to June 1, 1821; in 

(Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, in Re-organiz.\tion of Army, June 1, 1821) 
garrison at Baton Rouge, La., 1821-22; on Topographical duty, 1822-23; in 

(First Lieut. , 1st Infantry, Sep. 30, 1823) 
ganison at Baton Rouge, La. , 1823, — and Bellefontaine, Mo., 1823-24; as Aide- 
de-Camp to Bvt. Brig. -General Atkinson, June 14, 1824, to Dec. 31, 1831; in 

(Captain, 1st Infantry, Dec. 31, 1831, to Nov. 8, 1839) 
the "Black Hawk" War, 1832, being engaged in the Battle of Bad Axe River, 
Aug. 2, 1832 ; in garrison at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1832-33 ; on Recraiting ser- 
vice, 1834; in garrison at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1834-37, — and Jefferson BaiTacks, 
Mo., 1837; in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1837-38 and 
1838 39, being engaged in the Battle of Okee-cho-bee, Dec. 25, 1837, — and on 

(Capt. Staff — Asst. Quartermaster, July 7, 1838) 
Quartermaster duty, 1838-39 ; on Quartermaster duty at Ft. Leavenworth, 
Kan., 1839-40,— St. Louis, Mo., 1840-42,— New Orleans, La., 1842-15,— Mili- 

(Major Staff^Quartermaster, Nov. 8, 1839) 

tary Occupation of Texas, 1845-47, — Chief Quartermaster of Major-General 

Scott's Army in the War with Mexico, Feb. 18 to Apr. 7, 1847,— at Cincinnati, 0., 

(Bvt. Lieut. -Col., JIay 30, 1848, for Meritorious Conduct while 

Serving in the Enemy's Country) 

1847, forwarding troops to Mexico, — and at St. Louis, Mo., 1847-49. 

Died, July 15, 1849, at St. Louis, Mo. : A.ged 48. 



254 (Bom Md.) THOMAS NOEL ( Ap'd Md. ) . . 23 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Aug. 5, 

1814, to J>ily 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1820. 

Served: in conducting recruits to Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1820-21; 

on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1821-23; in the Arickaree Expedition, 

(First Lieut., Gth Inf.vntry, Apr. Ifi, 1823) 
1823, acting as Adjutant of the command, and participating in the Attack on 
the Indian Towns, Aug. 9-11, 1823; on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 



U. S. MILITAKY ACADEMY. 207 



Number. 1820. Class Rank. 



1823-24; in Missouii Expedition, 1825; as Adjutant, 6th Infantry, at Regimen- 
tal headquarters, July 17, 1825, to July 14, 1827; in gaiiison at Jefferson Bar- 

(Captain, 6th Infantey, Mat 1, 1827) 
racks, llo., 1827-29, 1830-32; in the "Black Hawk" War against the Jac In- 
dians, 1832, being engaged in the Battle of Bad Axe River, Aug. 2, 1832; on 
fi-ontier duty at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1832-3G,— Ft. Jesuj), La., 1836,— and 
Camp Sabine, La., 1836; in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1837, 
being engaged in the Battle of Okee-cho-bee, Dec. 25, 1837; on Recniiting ser- 
(BvT. Major, Dec. 25, 1837, for Gallant Conduct in the 
Battle of KissEvurEE, Fla.) 
vice, 1837-38; in the Florida War, 1838-39; and on sick leave of absence, 

(Major, 7th Inf-^ntry, May 9, 1846) 
1839-48. 

Died, Aug. 14, 1848, near Balthioee, Md. : Aged 47. 



255.. (Bom O.) THOMAS McARTHUR* (Ap'd0.)..24 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy fr-om Apr. 5, 
1816, to July 1, ISiO, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1820. 
On authorised graduation leave of absence, July 1 to Oct. 24, 1820. 
Resigned, Oct. 24, 1820. 

Civil History. — Merchant, Springfield, 0. , 18— to 18 — . 

Died, Feb. 21, 1833, at Chillicothe, 0. : Aged 31. 



256. .(Bom Va.) CHARLES GUERRANT (Ap'd Va.). .25 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtai-y Academy from Mar 13, 
1816, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1820. 
On authorized graduation leave of absence from July 1 to Aug. 13, 1820. 
Resignted, Aug. 13, 1820. 

Civil History.— Farmer, Gooshland County, Va., 1820-53. Captain, Vir 
ginia Militia, 18— to 18 — , and Colonel, 18— to 18—. Member of the House 
of Delegates of the State of Virginia, 1847. 

Died, 1853, in Gooshland County, Va. : Aged 53. 



257. . (Bom Va.) GEORGE D. RAMSAY (Ap'd D. C.) . .26 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Aug. 20, 

1814, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., Light Artillery, July 1, 1820. 

Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821. 

Served: in garrison at New England Posts, 1820 23; on Topographical duty, 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Mar. 1, 1826) 

• Was the son of Gen. Duncan McArthur, who served In the War of 1812-15, and was sabse- 

luently Governor of Ohio. 



208 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1820. Class Kank. 

Jan. 30, 1824, to Mar. 6, 1828 ; in gan-ison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (.\rtillery Scliool 
for Practice), 1828 ; on Topographical duty, Dec. 2, 1828, to Dec. 31, 1833 : as 
Adjutant, 1st Artillery, at Kcgimental headquarters, Dec. 1, 1833, to Feb. 25, 
1835 ; as Assistant Ordnance Officer, at Washington Arsenal, D. C, 1835; on 

(Captain, Ordnance, Feb. 25, 1835) 
leave of absence in Em-ope, 1835-36 ; in selecting site for North Carolina 
Arsenal, 1836 : in command of Mew York Ordnance Depot, 1836, — of Washing- 
ton Ai-senal, D. C, 1836-38,— of Frankford Ar.senal, Pa., 1838-40, and as Ord- 
nance Officer at Camp Washington, near Trenton, N. J., 1839, — of Augusta 
Arsenal, Ga., 1840,— and of Frankford Ai-senal, Pa., 1840-45 ; in Military Oc- 
cupation of Texas, as Ordnance Officer at Coi-pus Christi and Point Isabel, 
1845-46 ; in the War vdih Mexico, 1846-48, being engaged in the Battle of 
Monterey, Sejj. 21-23, 1846, — ancl as Chief of Ordnance of the Ai-my commanded 
(BvT. Major, Sep. 23, 1846, fok Gallant and Meeitoeious Conduct 

IN THE SEVERAL CONFLICTS AT INIoNTEEET) 

by ]\Iajor-General Taylor, June 5, 1847, to May 11, 1848 ; in command of 
Fraukibrd Arsenal, Pa., 1848-51,— of Ft. Monroe Arsenal, Va., 1851-55,— of 
St. Louis Arsenal, Mo., 1855-58,— and of Washmgton Arsenal, D. C, 1858-61; 

(Major, Ordnance, Apr. 22, 1861) 
and as Member of Ordnance Board, June 12 to Dec. 28, 1860. 
Served dming the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66 : in command 
(Lieut. -Colonel, Ordnance, Aug. 3, 1861) 
of Washington Arsenal, D. C, 1861-63 ; as Chief of Ordnance of the XJ. S. 

(Colonel, Ordnance, June 1, 1863) 

Ai'my, in charge of the Ordnance Bureau at Washington, D. C. , Sep. 14, 1863, 

(Brig. -General, and Chief of Ordnance of the U. S. Army, Sep. 15, 1863) 

to Sep. 12, 1864; as Inspector of Arsenals, &c., Sep. 12, 1864, to June 8, 1806; 

(Retired from Acti\'e Service, Sep. 12, 1864, under the Law of 

July 17, 1862, he being over "the Age of 62 Years") 

and in command of Washington Arsenal, D. C, June 8, 1866, to 

Bvt. Major-General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Long and 
Faithful Services in the Army. 



258 . (Bom N. Y.) EDGAR S. HAWTCINS * (Ap'd N. Y.) . .27 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Aug. 31, 

1814, to July 1, 1820, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1820. 

Transferred to 7th Infantry, July 24, 1820. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Smith, Ark., 1822-24,— Ft. Gibson, I. T., 

(First Lieut. , 7th Infantry, Jan. 22, 1824) 

1824-28,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828,— Ft. Gibson, L T., 1828-29, 1829-30, 

(Captain, 7th Infantry, Nov. 10, 1829) 
— MiUtaryRoad, LT., 1830,— Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1830-31,— Osage Reserve, L T., 
1831,— and Ft. Gibson, L T., 1831; on sick leave of absence,' 1831-33; on Re- 
cruiting service, 1833; on frontier duty at Ft Gibson, I. T., 1833-34; on Re- 
cniiting service, 1834-36; on frontier duty, 1830-39; in the Florida War, 
1839^2; in garrison at Ft. Morgan, Ala.. 1842-43, — Mount Vernon Arsenal, 
Ala., 1843,— Baton Rouge, La., 1844,— Pass Christian, IMis., 1844,— Baton 
Rouge, La., 1844, — and Ft. Wood, La., 1844-45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 

• Was the son of Colonel Samuel Hawkins, who served in the War of 1812-15. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 209 



Number. 1820. Class Bans. 

1845-46; in the War with Mexico, 1846, being engaged in the Defense of Ft. 

(BvT. IMajok, May 9, 1846, for Gallant and Distinguished Services 

IN THE Defense of Fort Brown, Tex. ) 

Bro-mi, Tex., May 3-9, 1846; on Recruiting sen'ice, 1846^7; on sick leave of 

(Major, 1st Infantry, Feb. 16, 1847) 

(Transferred to 2d Infantry, July 3, 1856) 

absence, 1847-61; and unemployed, 1861-65. 

Retired from Active Service, Oct. 26, 1861, for Disability resultinq 

from Long and Faithful Service, and Sickness and Exposure 

in the Line of Duty. 

Died, Nov. 7, 1865, at Flatbush, N. Y. : Aged 64:. 



259. .(Bom N. Y.). . . .WrLLLA.M S. MAITLAND (Ap'd N. Y.). .28 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Nov. 5, 
1814, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1820. 
Transferred to Corps of Artillery. Aug. 24, 1820. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821. 
Served: in garrison at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1820-21,— Ft. Wayne, L T., 
(Tb-ANsferred to 2d Artillery, May 28, 1822, and to 3d Artillery, 
July 22, 1826) 
1821-22,— Detroit, Mich., 1822-23,— New York harbor, 1823-25,— and Ft. Mon- 
roe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1825-26 ; on Ordnance duty, July 28, 
1826, to Dec. 23, 1830; in garrison at Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 1831-33; onTopograph- 

(FiRST Lieut., 3d Artillery, Dec. 31, 1828) 
ical duty June 15 to Aug. 18, 1833; in garrison at Ft. Trumbull, Ct., 1833, 
— and Ft. Monroe, Va., 1833-35; in the Florida War against the Seminole In- 
ians, 1835-36, being engaged in the Combat of Withlacoochee, Dec. 31, 1835, — 
(BvT. Captain, Dec. 31, 1835, for Gallant and Good Conduct in 
THE Affair of the Withlacoochee, and Welika, Fla. ) 
Defense of Convoy at WeUka Pond, July 19, 1836, — and Battle of Wahoo 
Swamp, Fla., Nov. 21, 1836, where he was severely wounded ; and on sick 
leave of absence, 1836-37. 

Deowned, Aug. 19, 1837, n^ear Charleston, S. C. : Aged 38. 



260 (BomN. Y.) AARON B. SKINNER (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 29 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. ]\Iilitary Academy from Mar. 27, 
1815, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut. , 5th Intantry, July 1, 1820. 
Served on Recruiting service, 1820-21. 

Disbanded, June 1, 1821. 

Civil History. — Unknown. Supposed to have 
Died, 18—. 

14 



210 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1820. Class Kamk. 

261 . (Bom N. Y. ) . . . "WILLIAM "W. MORRIS (Ap'd N. Y. V . 30 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 17, 
1815, to July 1, 1820, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Gth Infantry, July 1, 1820. 

Served: in conducting recruits to Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1820-21: 
on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson lo., 1821-23; on the Aiickaree Expedition. 
1823, being in command of the Artillery engaged in the Attack on the 

(First Lieut., 6th Infantry, Aug. 11, 1823) 
Indian Toatos, Aug. 9-11, 1823; on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1823-24; 
in gan-ison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824-27; on 

(Transferred to 4th Artillehy, July 30, 1824) 
Ordnance duty, July 2, 1827, to Mar. 6, 1828; in ganison at Ft. Columbus, 
N. Y., 1828-29,— Ft. Delaware, Del., 1829-30, 1830-31,— and New Castle, Del., 
1831; on Kecruiting ser\'ice, 1831; in garrison at New Castle, Del., 1831-32, — 
Charleston harbor, S. C, 1832-33, during South Carohna's thi-eatcned nullifi- 
cation,— Ft. Monroe, Va., 1833,— Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1833-34,— and Ft. Triun- 
bull, Ct., 1834-36; in Operations in Creek Nation, 1836; in the Florida War 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, Dec 17, 1836) 
against the Seminole Indians, 1836-37, and 1837-38, as Major, Reg. Mounted 
Creek Volunteers, Sep. 1, 1836, to June 13, 1837, being engaged in the Battle 
of Wahoo Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836,— and Skirmish of Hatcheeluskee Creek, 
(BvT. Major, Jan. 27, 1837, for Gallant Conduct on Several 
Occasions, and General Efficiency in the War 
against the Florida Indians) 
June 27, 1837; in the Cherokee Nation, 1838, while emigratmg the Indians 
to the West; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1838; in the Florida War, 
1838-39; on Recruiting service, 1839; on the Northern Frontier diuing Canada 
Border disturbances, at Detroit, Mich., 1839-41,— and Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 
1841-42; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1842-44, 1844-45; in MiUtary Occu- 
pation of Texas, 1845-46; in the War with Mexico, as INIajor of the Ai'tillery 
Battahon of the "Army of Occupation," Apr. 6 to July 15, 1846, being 
engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846,— and Battle of Resaca-de-la- 
Palma, May 9, 1846; on Recruiting service, 1846; in the War mth INIexico, 
1846-48, as Prefect of Police and Alcalde of Tampico, Mex. , Dec. , 1846, to Nov. , 
1847, and of Puebla, Nov., 1847, to May, 1848; as U. S. Indian Agent for the 
Seminoles in Florida, Nov. 1, 1848, to Sep. 21, 1849; in garrison at Key West, 
Fla., 1850,— Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1850-52,— Ft. Wood, N. Y., 1852 53,— and 
Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1853-56; in Florida Hostilities against the S>!ininole 

(Major, 4th Artillery, Nov. 4, 1853) 
Lidians, 1856-57; and on frontier duty, at Ft. Leavenworth, quelling Kansas 
disturbances, 1857-58,— Ft. Kearny, Neb., 1858-59,— and Ft. Ridgely, Min., 
1859-61. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-65: in command 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 4th Artillery, May 14, 1861) 

of the Harbor Defenses of Baltimore, Md., May 1, 1861, to Feb. 1, 1865, - 

(Colonel, 2d Artillery, Nov. 1, 1861) 

(Bvt. Brio. -General, U. S. Army, June 9, 1862, for Meritorious Servicr) 

and of Middle Department and 8th Army Corps, Feb. 1, to Dec. 11, 1865, 

Bvt. M.\j. -General, U. S. Army, Dec. 10, 1865, for Faithful and 

Meritorious Services during the Rebellion. 

Died, Dec. 11, 1865, at Ft. McHenry, Md. : Aged 64. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 211 



NuMBEE. 1821. Class Rank. 



CLASS OF 1821. 



262 . . (Bom Md. ) . . . . EDWARD H. COURTENAY (Ap'd Md. ) . . 1 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 2, 
1818, to July I, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1821, to Feb. 16, 1829. 
Served: at the Military Academy, 1821-24:, as Asst. Professor of Natural and 
Experimental Philosophy, July 23, 1821, to Sep. 1, 1822,— and Principal Asst. 
Professor of Engineering, Sep. 1, 1822, to Aug. 31, 1824; as Asst. Engineer in 
the consti-uction of Ft. Adams, E. I., 1824-26,— and Assistant to the Chief 
Engineer, at Washington, D. C., 1826 28; and at the Military Academy, 
1828-34, as Acting Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Sep. 1, 
(Professor of Natural and ExPERniENT.iL Philosophy, 
Military Academy, Feb. 16, 1829) 
1828, to Feb. 16, 1829, and as Professor, Feb. 16, 1829, to Dec. 31, 1834. 
Resigned, Dec. 31, 1834. 

Civil History. — Professor of Mathemetics, University of Pennsylvania, 
1834-36. Division Engineer, New York and Erie Raih-oad, 1836-37. Civil 
Engineer in the ser\ace of the United States, employed in the construction of 
Fort Independence, Boston harbor, 1837^1. Chief Engineer of Diy Dock, 
Brooklyn Navy Y^ard, N. Y., 1841-42. Professor of Mathematics, University 
of Virginia, 1842-53. Author of " Elementaiy Treatise on Mechanics, trans- 
lated from the French of M. Boucharlat, with adthtions and emendations, 
designed to adapt it to the use of the Cadets of the U. S. Military Academy, " 
1833, — and of a " Treatise on the Differential and Integral Calculus, and the 
Calculus of Variations," published 1855, after his death. Degree of A. M., 
conferred by the University of Pennsylvania, 1834; and of LL. D., by Hampden 
Sidney College, Va., 1846. 

Deed, Dec. 21, 1853, at CHABiiOTTsyiLLE, Va. : Aged 50. 



263 (Bom Ga.) CLARI? BURDINE (Ap'd Ga.)..2 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Sep. 7, 
1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and jDromoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, Jxily 1, 1821. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Oct. 1, 1821, to Nov. 15, 1823; and in garrison 
at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824. 
Resigned, June 1, 1825. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law, 1827-36. 

Deed, Aug. 10, 1836, at Canton, Twiggs County, Kt. : Aged 36. 



264 . (Bom Mas) JONATHAN PRESCOTT (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 3 

Militciry History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 
1818, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1821. 



212 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1821. Class Kank. 

SeiTcd: at the Military Academy, 1821-2G, as Principal Asst. Professor of En- 
gineering, July 23, 1821, to Jan. 29, 1822, — and Asst. Professor of Chemistry, 
Mineralogy and Geology, Jan. 29, 1822, to Ang. 9, 1826; on Tooographical 
duty, Aug.' 9, 1826, to Apr. 4, 1829; on Engineer duty, Apr. 4, 1829, to Dec. 1, 

(FiEST Lieut., 1st Artillery, iL\.K. 31, 1827) 
1832; and in gamson at Ft. McHenry, IMd., 1832-33. 
Eesigned, Sep. 30, 1833. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer in the service of the United States, super- 
iutcnchng improvement of Nantucket harbor, Mas., 18 — to 18 — . 
Died, Aug. 12, 1837, at Charleston, S. C. : Aged 37. 



265. .(Bomlnd.) WILLIAM W. WELLS (Ap'd Ind.). .4 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Sep. 1, 

1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 4th Artilleby, July 1, 1821. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, Oct. 1, 1821, to Aug. 20, 1822; in garrison at 

Snvannah harbor, Ga., 1822-24, and 1825-26,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Apr. 11, 1825) 
School for Practice), 1826-28,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1828,— West Point, N. Y., 
1828-29,— and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1829-31. 

Kesigned, July 31, 1831. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 1832: Aged 32. 



266 . . (Bom Mas. ) CHARLES DIMMOCK (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 5 

Military History,— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Sep. 7, 

1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 1st Arteleery, July 1, 1821. 

Sei-vcd: at the Mihtary Academy, as Asst. Professor of Engineering, July 23, 

1821, to July 3, 1822; in garrison at Ft. Independence, Mas., 1822; on leave of 



(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Feb. 20, 1828) 
for Practice\ 1828-29, 1829-31, being Adjutant of the School from Jan. 1 
to Apr. 29, 1829; and on (iuartormastcr duty, superintencUng operations at 

(Asst. Quartermaster, Aug. 18, 1831, to Aug. 20, 1836) 
the Delaware Breakwater, 1831-33,— at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1833-36, -Savannah, 

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Aug. 6, 1836) 
Ga., 1836,— Augusta, Ga., 1836,— and Ft. Monroe, Va., 1836. 
Eesigned, Sep. 30, 1836. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 213 



Number. 1821. Class Eank. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer, employed in the Survey of a route for a 
Kailroad between Danville and Wythville, Va., 1830; in the location of the 
Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad, N. C, 1837; and in the location of a U. 8. 
Military Road from Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., to Ft. Smith, Ark., 1837-38. Gen- 
eral Agent of Portsmouth and Roanoke Railroad, Va., 1839^3; and Presi- 
dent, 1811-43. Director of James River and Kanawha Canal, 1843-47. Cap- 
tain, Virginia Militia, 1839-iO,— and Lieut. -Colonel, 1841-42. Huperintendeut 
of the Virginia State Armory, and Captain commanding State Guard, 1843-61. 
Member of Richmond, Va. , City Council, 1850, 18.54, and 1858. Engineer of the 
section from L^nchburgh to Salem, Va., of the Vu-ginia and Tennessee Rail- 
road, 1848, — and of the .section from Crows to Greenbriar River, Va., of the 
Covington and Ohio RaUroad, 1853. 

Joined in the RebeUion of 18G1-66 against the United States. 
Died, Oct. 27, 1863, at Richmond, Va.: Aged 63. 



267.. (Born S. C.) JOHN C. HOLLAND (Ap'd S. C). .6 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Sep. 7, 
1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and ^jromoted in the Ai'my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Aktillery, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1821. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Oct. 1, 1821, to Aug. 20, 1822; and in garrison 
at Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1822-24,— and Augu.sta Ar.senal, Ga., 1824-25. 
Died, Oct. 10, 1825, at Augusta Arsen.al, Ga. : Aged 24. 



268..(BomPa.) EDWARD C. ROSS (Ap'dPa.)..? 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 7, 
1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1821. 
Served: at the Mihtaiy Academj^, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, July 23, 
1821, to June 5, 1824; as Instructor of Mathematics at the Artillery SchcDol 
for Practice, Ft. Monroe, Va., June 5 to Oct. 6, 1824; at the Military Acade- 
my, 1824-33, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Oct. 6, 1824, to Oct. 4, 1825,— 
and as Principal Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Oct. 4, 1825, to Nov. 23, 1833; 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Nov. 27, 1826) 
in garrison at Ft. Gratiot, Mich.. 1834,— and Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1834-35; 
on Enguieer duty, Oct. 3 to Dec. 0, 1835: in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 
1835-36; in Operations in Creek Nation, 1836; in the Florida War against the 
Seminole Inchans, 1836-38, being engaged in the Combat of Locha-Hatchee, 
Jan. 24, 1838; in Cherokee Nation, 1838, while emigrating the Indians to 
the West; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1838; and in the Florida War. 
1838-39. 

Resigned, July 31, 1839. 

Civil History.— Professor of Mathematics, Kenyon College, Gambier, 0., 
1840 to 1848. Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophv, Free Acade- 
my, New York city, Nov. 1, 1818, to May 16, 1851. Translator, from the 
Fi'ench, of Bourdon's Algebra, 1831. Degree of A. M., conferred by Geneva 
College, N. Y, 1842; and of LL. D., by Kenyon College, 0., 1849. 
Died, May 16, 1851, at New York City: Aged 50. 



214 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1821. Class Kaxk. 

269 . (Bom Mas. ) . WASHINGTON WHEELV/RIG-HT . . (Apd Mas. ) 8 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. ^Military Academy from Sep. 7, 
lbl7, to July 1, Iti'il, when he was graduated aud promoted in the Army to 
Byt. Second Liect., 1st Aktilleey, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., 1st Aetieleey, July 1, 1821. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, 1821-22 ; in garrison at New York harbor, 
1822-2-1,— Ft. Preble, Me., 1824. Ft. IMonroe, Va. (Ai'tillery School for Prac- 
tice), 1824-26. —and Ft. Wolcott, E. I., 1826; on Ordnance duty, July 28, 1826, 
to May 24, 1833; and in the " Black Hawk" War, as Colonel Staff (Chief of Ord- 

(FiBST Lieut., 1st .Aktilleky, Ape. 20, 1832) 
nance) of IlHuois Volunteers, May 9 to Oct. 11, 1832. 
Resigned, jMay 31, 1833. 

Civil History.— Merchant, New York city, 1833-44. Notary PubUc, New 
York city, since 1849. 



270 .(Born O.) DAVID WALLACE (Ap'd O.). .9 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 18, 1817, 

to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated aud promoted in the Armj- to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Aetilleey, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 2d Aetilleey, July 1, 1821. 

Served on Ordnance duty, July 1, 1821, to June 1, 1822. 

Kesignt:d, Jvhe 1, 1822. 

CivU History.- Counsellor at Law, BrookvUle, Ind., 1824-31. Member of 
the House of Ee25resentatives of the State of Indiana, 1828-30. Lieut-Gover- 
nor of the State of Indiana, 1834-37, — aud Governor, 1837-40. Member of the 
U. S. House of Representatives, 1841-43. Counsellor at Law, Indianopolis, 
Ind., 1843-59. Member of the Convention for revising the Constitution of the 
State of Indiana, 1850. Judge of Common Pleas Court, of Marion County, 
Ind., 1856-59. 

Died. Sep. 4, 1859, at Indianopolis, Ind.: Aged 60. 



271 . (Bora S. C. ) . . . . ROBERT F. W. ALLSTON (Ap'd S. C. ) . . 10 

Military History. —Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Dec. 12, 
1817, to July 1, 1821, M-hen he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
B\"r. Second Lieut., 3d Aetilleey, July 1, 1821. 
Served on Topographical duty, Aug. 8, 1821, to Feb. 1, 1822. 
Resigned, Feb. 1, 1822. 

Civil History.— Civil Engineer and Land Surveyor, S. C, 1822-33. Sui-veyor- 
Genei-al of the State of South Carolina, 1823 27. Member of the House of 
Representatives of South Carolina, 1828 32; and of the Senate, 1832-56. 
Chairman of the Committee on Education, 1840-50; and Acting President of 
the Senate of South Carolina. 1847 50, — and President, Nov. 25, 1850, to Dec. 8, 
185G. Dep. Adjutant-Genera! of South Carohna, 1831-38. Trustee of 
South Carolina College. Columbia. S. C. 1841-64. Governor of the State of 
SoTith Carolina, Dec. 10, 1856, to Dec. 13, 1858. President of the Waccamaw 
Iudig<j Society, 1858-61, — and of the Waccamaw and All Saints Agricultural 
Society, 1859 "61. Rice Planter, near Georgetown, S. C, 1827-64. Author of 
" Memoir on Rice," 1843, — "Report on Public Schools," 1847, — and "Essay 
on Sea Coast Crops," 1854. 

Died, Apr. 7, 1864, near GEOK(iKT(nvN-. S. C. : Aged 63. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 215 



Number. 1821. Class Rank. 

272 (Born N. Y.) JOHN F. SCOTT (Ap'd N. Y.). 11 

Military History. —Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 7, 
1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was gradviated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Aistilleey, July 1, 1821. 
Second Leeut., 3d Aetilleey, July 1, 1821. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Oct. 1, 1821, to Aug. 20, 1822; and in gan-ison at 
Charleston harbor, S. C, 1822^23,— Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1823-25,— and Ft. 
Moultrie, S. C, 1825. 

Resigned, Oct. 10, 1825. 

Civil History.— Merchant, near Montgomery, Orange County, N.Y., 1825-30, 
—and at New York city, 1830-37. 

Died, Aug. 7, 1837, at New Yoke City : Aged 38. 



273 . . (Born N. Y.) JAMES GRIER (Ap'd N. Y.) . .12 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 7, 

1817, to July 1, 1821, when he -was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Aktllleky, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 2d Aktillery, July 1, 1821. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, July 1, 1821, to Aug. 1, 1823: inganison atPlatts- 

bm-g, N. Y., 1823-24,— New York harbor, 1824,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artil- 

leiy School for Practice), 1824-25 ; at the Military Academy, as Asst. Instructor 

(Transferred to 5th Infantry, Dec. 30, 1825) 
of Infantry Tactics, Dec. 24, 1825, to July 17, 1827; and on Recrmting service, 

(FmsT Lieut., 5th Infantry, May 31, 1827) 
1827-28. 

Died, Aug. 22, 1828, at Jefferson Barracks, Mo.: Aged 30. 



274.. (Bom Ct.) JOHN B. SCOTT ( Ap'd Ct. ) . . 13 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtaiy Academy from Oct. 1, 
1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1821. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Oct. 1, 1821, to Aug. 20, 1822; in garrison at St. 
Augustine, Fla.. 1823-24,— Ft. Monroe, Va., 1824-26 (Instructor of Mathe- 
matics, Artilleiy School for Practice, June 23, 1824, to Mar. 27, 1826),— Sa- 
vannah, Ga., 1826-27 —Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1827-28,— and Ft. Severn, Md., 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 31, 1827) 
1828-32, 1832-34; on Commissary duty at Baltimore, Md., 1834; on Ordnance 
duty, June 4, 1835, to Sep. 26, 1838; in the Florida War, 1838-39; in garrison 
at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 183!); at the Camp of Instruction, near Trenton, N. J., 
1839; on the Northern Frontier, during Canada Border Disturbances, at De- 
troit, Mich., 1839-41,— and Bulfalo, N. Y., 1841-42; in gan-ison at Ft. Monroe, 

(Captain, 4th Artillery, June 25, 1841) 
Va., 1842^5; in Militaiy Occupation of Texas, 1845-46: in the War wdth Mex- 
ico, 1846-48. being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8. 184G,— Battle of 
Resaca-de-la-Palm^, May 9, 1846,— Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846— ans" 
Bvt. Major, May 9, 1846, for Gallant Conduct in the Battles of 
P.ALO Alto and Resaca-de-la-Palma, Tex. ) 



216 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1821. Class Rank. 



in command at the mouth of the Rio Grande, 1847-48; in garrison at Ft. 
Pickens, Fla., 1848^9,— Baton Rouge, La., 1849-50,— Ft. Washington, Mil., 
1850-53, — and Ft. Independence, Mas., 1853-5G; in Florida Hostilities against 
the Seminole Indians, 1856-57; and on frontier duty at Ft. Umpqua, Or., 

(Majob, 3d Aethxery, June 10, 1857) 
1857-60. 

Died, Nov. 22, 1860, at San Francisco, Cal. : Aged 59. 



275. . (Bom Pa.) JOSEPH PENTLAND (Ap'd Pa.) . .14 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Jan. 2, 
1818, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1821. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Blutfs, lo., 1821-23; as Ad- 
(FiBST Lieut., 6th Infantry, June 1, 1823) 
'utant, 6th Infantiy, at Regimental headquarters, Oct., 1823, to July 17, 1825; 
on Missouri Expedition, 1825; on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1825-27; 

(Captain, 6th Infantry, Oct. 31, 1827) 
in garrison at Jefferson BaiTacks, Mo., 1827-28, 1829; and on frontier duty at 
Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1829, — Chouteau Island, Ai'kansas River, 1829, — and 
Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1829-30. 

Dismissed, Apr. 22, 1830. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 18—. 



276 . . (Bom N. Y. ) . . . ALEXANDER H. MORTON .... (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 15 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 2, 

1814, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1821. 

Served: in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1822; on frontier duty at 

Ft. Jesup,La., 1823-24,— on Sulphur Fork of Red River, 1824,— and Ft. Jesup, 

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 31, 1824) 
La., 1824-25; on Commissaiy duty at Nachitoches, La., 1827-30; on 
frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 1830-31; and on Commissary and Quarter- 
master duty, 1831-32. 

Resigned, July 12, 1833. 

Civil History.— Merchant, Manchester (now Yazoo City), Mis., 1833-37, 
—and Civil Engineer, 1837-53. 

Died, Oct. 24, 1853, at Yazoo City, Mis. : Aged 53. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 217 



NuMBEB, 18jJ1. Class Rank. 

277 . (Born S. C.) "WM. W. GAILLARD (Ap'd S. C.) • • 16 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 1, 
1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Infantky, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1821. 
Served in garrison at Ft. Barrancas, Fla., 1822. 

Died, Oct. 11, 1822: Aged 20. 



278 .(Born E. L) SETH M. CAPRON (Ap'd N. Y.)..17 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. MiUtary Academy from Oct. 1, 

1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 5th Infantky, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 5th Infantey, July 1, 1821. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Edwards, 111., 1821-22, — Ft. Armstrong, 

ni., 1821-22,— and Ft. St. Anthony, Min., 1822-23; on Recruiting sei-vice, 

1823-24; at the Military Academy, as Asst. Instructor of Infantry Tactics, 

(First Lieut. , 5th Infantry, Oct. 21, 1826) 
May 31, 1824, to May 29, 1825 ; on Topographical duty, May 29, 1825, to Dec. 27, 
1826; and on Commissary duty at Cincinnati, O., 1826-27. 
Resigned, May 31, 1827. 

Civil History. — Woolen Manufacturer at Walden, N. Y., since 1827. 



279 . . (Born France) JEFFERSON VAIL (Ap'd Md. ) . . 18 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Oct. 1, 

1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the AiTny to 

BvT. Secont) Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1821. 

Served: in garrison at Baton Rouge, La., 1821-23, — Bellefontaine, Mo., 

1823,— and Baton Rouge, La., 1824-25; on Topographical duty. Mar. 16, 1825, 

(First Lieut., 1st Infantry, May 14, 1825) 
to Jime 14, 1830; on frontier duty at Ft. Snelling, ]\Iin., 1830-31, 1831-33, 

(Captain, 1st Infantry, July 11, 1833) 
1833-34, —and Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1834; and on detached service. Mar. 9 to 
Oct. 25, 1835. 

Died, Oct. 25, 1835, at Baton Rouge, La. : Aged 33, 



280. .(Bom Va.) JAMES HENSHAW (Ap'd Va.). .19 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Milit^iry Academy from Oct. 1, 
1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 7th Inf.4.ntry, July 1, 1821. 
On authorized graduation leave of absence, July 1 to Dec. 1, 1821. 
Resigned, Dec. 1, 1821. 

Civil History.— Farmer, Oldham County, Ky., since 1822. 



218 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1821. Class Eaxk. 



281 (Bom N. H.) OTIS "WHEELER (Ap'dN. H.). .20 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 1, 

1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and jjromoted in the Ai-my to 

BvT. Second LrEUT., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1821. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1821-22,— Saginaw Bay, Mich., 

1822-23,— and Ft. Howard, Wis., 1823-2i,— on Ilecruitiug service, 182i-2tj; 

(First Lleut., 3d Infantry, Apr. 28, 182G) 
in gan-ison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1827,— Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1827-29, 
— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 182'J,— Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1830,— Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Mo., 1830-31,— Ft. Armstrong, 111., 1831,— and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 
1831; onfi-ontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 1831-33, 183-1-38,— and Ft. Smith, 

(Captain, 3d Infantry, Oct. 31, 1835) 
Ark., 1838-40; in the Florida War, 1840-42; and in garrison at Ft. Stansbuiy, 
Fla., 1842-43,— and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1843. 
Kesigned, Feb. 29, 1844. 

Civil History.— Appointed Adjutant-General of the State of Missouri, 
July 10, 1845: declined. Agent of the Quartei-master's Department, at Kan- 
sas city, Kan., Apr. 26 to Jiily IG, 1858. Fanner, Troy, Lincoln County, Mo., 
since 1844. 



282 (Born K Y. ) HENRY BAINBRrDGE (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 21 

Military History. —Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 7, 

1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1821. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1821-22, — Saginaw Bay, Mich., 

1822-23,— and Detroit, Mich., 1824, 1825-2G; on Eecruiting service, 182G-28, 

(First Lieut., 3d Infantry, June G, 1827) 
1828-29; in garrison at Jefferson Bari-acks, Mo., 1829-30; on frontier duty 
on Eed Kiver, near Natchitoches, La, 1830-31,— Ft. Towson, I. T., 1831-34, 
1834-36,— Camp Harkins, I. T., 183G,— Ft. Towson, I. T., 1836,— Camp Sabine, 

(Captain, 3d Infantry, June I5, 1836) 
La., 1836-37,— and Ft. Jesup, La., 1837-38; on Eecruiting service, 1838-40; 
in the Florida War, 1840-42 : in garrison at Ft. Stausbury, Fla., 1843,— and 
Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1843-44; on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup (Camp Wil- 
kins). La., 1844 45; in MiUtary Occupation of Texas, 1845-4G; in the War with 
Mexico, 1846-47, being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846,— 
Battle of Resaea-de-la-Palma, May 9, 1846,— Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 
(BvT. Major, Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant ^vnd Meritorious Conduct 

IN THE several CONFLICTS AT MoNTEREY, MeX. ) 

1846, where he was wounded in storming the enemy's works, — Siege of Vera 

(Major, 7th Infantry, Feb. 16, 1847) 
Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— liattlc of Cen-o Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Skirmish of 
Oka Laka, Aug. 16, 1847, -Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19-20, 1847,— Battle of 
Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847, -Battle of Moliuo-del-Eey, Sep. 8, 1847,— and 
(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious 
Conduct in the B vttles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mex. ) 
Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847 ; on Recruiting 
service, 1847; in the War vidth Mexico, 1847-48; in garrison at Jefferson Bar- 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 219 



Number. 1821. Class Rane. 

nicks, Mo., 1848-49 ; in Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 
184i) 50; in gamsou at Jefferson Barracks, ilo., 1850; on frontier duty at Ft. 
Leaven^vorth, Kan., 1850,- -Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1851, — San Antonio, Tex., 1851, — 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 1st Infaxtky, June 11, 1851) 

March to the Rio Llano, Tex., 1851-52, -Ft. Terrett, Tex., 1852-53,— Ft. Dun- 

can, Tex., 1853-54,— Ft. Clark, Tex., 1854, 1854-55,— Ft. Duncan, Tex., 1855, 

— and Ft, M'Kavett, Tex., 1855-56; and on Court Martial duty, 1850-57. 

Peeished, May 31, 1857, in the Buening of the Steajwer Louisiana, 

IN Galveston Bay, Tex. : Aged 54. 



283 iBorn X. Y.) JASON ROGERS (Ap'd N. Y.). .22 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Mar. 30, 

1815, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Byt. Second Lieut., 2d Infantey; July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 6th Infantey, JulyI, 1821. 

Served: in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, X. Y., 1821-22; on frontier duty 

at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluti's, lo., 1823-25; in Missoui-i Expedition, 1825; on 

(FiEST Lieut., 6th Infantey, July 21, 1823) 
frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1825-27; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, 
Mo., 1827; as Adjutant, 6th Infantry, at Regimental headquarters, July 14, 
1827, to Hap. 14, 1828; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1829-31, — 

(Captain, 0th Inf.antey, Aug. 30, 1828) 
Rock Island, 111., 1831,— and Jeffer.sonBaiTacks, Mo., 1831-32; in the "Black 
Hawk " War against the Sac Indians, 1832, being engaged in the Battle of Bad 
.\xe River, Aug. 2, 1832; in gamson at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1832-34; on 
Reci-uiting service, 1834-36; and on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 1836, — 
and Camp Sabine, La., 1836. 

Resigned, July 31, 1836. 

Civil History. — Unkno^\•n. 

Military History. — Served in the War wdth Mexico as 

Lieut. -Colonel, 1st Reg. Kentucky Volunteees (Louisvllle 
Legion), May 17, 1846, 

until he was 

Disbanded, May 17, 1847. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Deed, 1848, at Louisville, Ky. : Aged 47. 



284 .(Born Ten.) DAVID M. PORTER (Ap'd Ten.). .23 

Military History.— Cadet af the U. S. MiUtary Academy from Oct. 2, 
1817, to July 1, 1821, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Infantey, July 1, 1821. 
Second Lieut., 6th Infantey, July 1, 1821. 
Served: in ganison at Pensacola, Fla., 1821-22; and on leave of absence, 
1822-23. 

Resigned, July 31, 1823. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law in Tennessee, 18 — to 18—. 

Died, 18—. 



220 GRADUATES OF THE 



NtJMBEB. 1S21— 22. Class Eank. 



285 . . (Born N. Y. ) JULIUS A. d'LAaNEL (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 24 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. H. Militarj' Academy from Aug. 3, 

181-i, to July 1, 1821, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 5th Infantey, July 1, 1821. 

Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1821. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. St. Anthony, Min., 1821-22,— and Ft Arm- 

(Tkansferred to 2d Artillery, Dec. 30, 1825) 

strong, m., 1823-25; on Ordnance duty, Sep. 21, 1825, to Dec. 13, 1832; in 

(Bvt. Fikst Lieut., July 1, 1831, for Faithful Seevice 

Ten Years in one Grade) 

(First Lieut., 2d Aktlllery, JIay 30, 1832) 

garrison at Ft. Pike, La., 1833-3'!, — and Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1834-35; on 

Ordnance duty, Nov. 7, 1835, to Nov. 1, 1836; in the Florida War, commanding 

(Captain, Ordnance, Nov. 1, 183G) 
Garey's Ferry Ordnance Depot, 1836-38; as Assistant in Ordnance Bureau, 
Washington, D. C, 1838-39; and as Assistant Ordnance Officer at New York 
Ordnance Depot, 1839-40. 

Died, May 21, 1810, at New York City: Aged 41. 



CLASS OF 182 2. 



286. .(Born Ct.) GEORGE BUTTON (Ap'd Ct.). .1 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 7, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1822. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Enginteers, July 1, 1822. 

Served: as Assistant to the Board of Engineers at New York city, and on a 
tour of exploration to the West and South, 1822-25 ; as Asst. Engineer in the 
construction of Ft. Monroe, Hampton Koads, Va., 1825-29; as Superintending 
Engineer of the Improvement of Ocracock Inlet, N. C, 1829 35, — of the build- 

(FiRST Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Dec. 22, 1830) 
ing of Ft. Macon, N. C, 1823-35, — of the improvement of the Ohio River 
above Louisville, Ky., 1835-36, — and of the construction of the Cumberland 
Road in Ohio, 1836 -41 ; as Member of special Board of Engineers, for project- 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
ing Flynn's Knoll Light-house, New York harbor, 1839 ; as Superintending 
Engineer of the Repairs of Forts Macon, Caswell and Johnston, N. C, 1841-43, 
— and of the Interior Defenses of New York Harbor, 1843 45 ; as Member of 
special Board of Engineers for c.Kamination of Florida Reef, for defensive 
works, 1844-45 ; as Suiserintending Engineer of the construction of Ft. Taylor, 
Key West, Fla., 1845-53, — of the improvc^ment of the Harbors of Providence, 
R. I., New Haven, Ct., and Bridgeport, Ct., 1852, — and of Survey of Port 
Jefferson harbor, N. Y., 1853 ; as Member of the Board of EnLiiuerrs for 
Atlantic Coast Defenses, Apr. 11, 185.3, to Jan. 5, 1857 ; as Suinrintrnding 
Engineer of the Repairs of Ft. Adams, R. I., and Goat Island Liglit-hou.se, 
Newport harbor, R. I., 1853-55, — and of Sui'veys of Taunton River, Mas., and 
Providence and Newport harbors, R. I., 1853-56; in charge of the Engineer 
Agency at New York, for purchasing and shipping supplies for public M'orks, 
1854-56; as Light-house Engineer for the New York District, Apr. 11, 1853, to 
Aug. 25, 1856 ; as Sujierintending Engineer of the repairs of Fts. Hamilton 



U. S. MILITAKY ACADEMY. 221 



Number. 1822. Class Kank. 

aud Lafayette, N. Y., 1851-56,^ — and of Harboi' Impi-ovements in New Jersey, 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, Oct. 31, 1856) 

1854-56 ; in charge of Fortifications of New York harbor, and of Hudson Eiver 

Imiwovement, 1855-56 ; aud as Suiieriutendmg Engineer of the construction 

of Ft. Delaware, and of Harbor Improvements in Delaware Eiver, 1856-57. 

Died, Jan. 5, 1857, at Philadelphia, Pa. : Aged 54. 



287 . (Bom Ct. ) . . . . JOSEPH K. F. MANSFIELD (Ap'd Ct. ) . . 2 

Military History.— Cadet at the TJ. S. ^Military Academy from Oct. 1, 

1817, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1822. 

Served: as Assistant to the Board of Engineers at New York, 1822-25, — in 

the construction of Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1825-28, — and of the defenses of 

Hampton Roads, Va., 1828-30, being detached to survey Pasquotank River, 

N. C, and to take temporary charge of works in Charleston harbor, S. C, 1830; 

as Superintending Engineer of the construction of Ft. Pulaski, for the defense 

of Savannah River, Ga., 1830-46, — of repaii's of Cumberland Road, Md., 

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Mar. 5, 1832) 
1831-32, — of Savannah River Improvement, 1833-39, — of Inland Navigation 
between the St. Mary's and St. John's Rivers, Fla., 1835-39, — of Sullivan's 
Island Breakwater, S. C, 1837-38, — of repans of St. Augustine Sea-wall, Fla., 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
1837-38, — aud of improvement of Brunswick harbor, Ga., 1838-39; as Member of 
the Board of Engineers for Atlantic Coast Defenses, May 8, 1842, to Sep. 8, 
1845; as Chief Engineer of the Ai-my under command of Major-General Tay- 
lor, in the Campaign of 1846-47, War with Mexico, being engaged in various 
reconnoissances in Texas, — Defense of Ft. Brown (constnicted by him), 
(Bvt. Major, May 9, 1846, for Gallant and Distinguished Services 

IN THE DeFEN.se OF Ft. BrOWN) 

May 3-9, 1846,— Reconnoissance and Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846, 
where he was severely woimded, Sep. 21, while directing the Storming of the 
(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious 
Conduct tn the Sever.al Conflicts at Monterey, Mex. ) 
Tannery Redoubt, — in fortifsdng Monterey and Saltillo. and reconnoitring the 
the mountain passes, 1846-47, — and Battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 22-23, 1847; 
(BvT. Colonel, Feb. 23, 1847, for G.illant and Meritorious Conduct 
in the Battle of Buena Vista, Mex. ) 
as Member of the Board of Engineers for Atlantic Coast Defenses, Mar. 13, 
1848, to Apr. 11, 1853,— aud for Pacific Coast Defenses, Apr. 11 to May 28, 
1853 ; as Superintending Engineer of the construction of Ft. Wiuthrop, Boston 
harbor, Mas., 1848-53, — and of improvement of the James and Ap^jomatox Riv- 
ers, Va., and sur\"ey of the Rappahanock, Va., 1852-53; on inspection of the 

(CoL. Staff — Inspector-General, IVLiy 28, 1853) 
Department of New Mexico, 1853, — of the Department of Cahfornia, 1854,— of 
the Department of Texas, 1856, — of Utah Army, 1857, — of the Departments of 
Oregon and Cahfomia, 1858-59,— and of the Department of Texas, 1860-61. 

Served dirring the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-62: in Mustering 

Voliuiteers into service, at Cohimbus, Ohio, Apr. 19-27, 1861; in command of 

the Department of Washington, Apr. 27, to July 25, 1861,— and of the City of 

(Bvt. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, May 6, 1861) 

(Brig. -General, U. S. Army, May 14, 1861) 



222 GRADUATES OF THE 



XfMBEE. 1822. Class Rank. 



"Washington, D. C, July 25 to Oct. 2, 1861; in command of Camp Hamilton, 
near Ft. Monroe. Va./Oet. 13 to Nov. 24, 1861,— of Newport News, Va., 
Nov. 24, 1861, to June 12, 1862, being engaged in the Capture of Norfolk, Va., 
May 10, 1862, — and of Suffolk, Va., June 27, to Sep. 3, 1862; and in command 

(Major-Geneeal, U. S. Volunteers, July 18, 1862) 
of division, Ai'my of the Potomac, in the Maiyland Campaign, Sep. 10-17, 
1862, being engaged in the Battle of Antietam, Sep. 17, 1862, where, while 
"at the head of his troops, with sword waving over his head, cheering on his 
men to victory," he was Mortally Wounded, and 

Died of Wounds, Sep. 18, 1862, at Antietam, Md. : Aged 59. 



288. (Born Ct.) CHARLES G. SMITH (Ap'd Ct.)..3 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 30, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1822. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 20 to Nov. 9, 1822; in gai-rison at Ft. Moul- 
trie, S. C, 1822-24,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Ai-tillery School for Practice), 
1824-25; at the Military Academj', as Asst. Instructor of Infantry Tactics, 
May 29 to Nov. 26, 1825; and in garrison at Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1826-27. 
Died, Sep. 25, 1827, at Ft. Moultrie, S. C. : Aged 29. 



289. .(BomN. Y) THOMAS R. INGALLS (Ap'd N. Y.). .4 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Sep. 21, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Served : on Ordnance duty, Aug. 20, 1822, to Apr. 25, 1823; in garrison at 
Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1823,— New York harbor, 1823-24, -Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artil- 
lery School for Practice), 1824-25,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1825-26,— and Ft 
Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1826; on Ordnance duty, Oct. 11, 
1826, to Mar. 6, 1828; and in garrison at Ft. Wood, La., 1828,— Bay of St 
Louis, Mis., 1828,— Ft. Wood, La., 1828-29, -and Bay of St. Louis, Mis., 1829. 
Resigned, Dec. 31, 1829. 

Civil History. — Professor of Chemistry and Natural History, University of 
Louisiana, Jackson, La., 1829-33. Physician, New Orleans, La., 1833-36. 
Professor of Chemistry, itc, in Medical College, New Orleans, La., Sep. 20, 
1834, to Feb. 29, 1836. President of Jeflferson College, La., Feb., 29, 1836, to 
June 1, 1841. Degree of M. D., confeiTed by Vermont Academy of Medicine, 
1826. Residence, Greenwich, N. Y. 



290. .(Bom N. H.) HORACE BLISS (Ap'd N. H.). .5 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Oct. 1, 

1817, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Served : on Ordnance duty, Sep. 13, 1822, to Nov. 15, 1823; in garrison at St 

Augustine, 1824,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice^ 1824-26; 

at tlie Military Academy, as Asst. Instructor of Infantry Tactics, Jan. 29 to 

June 22, 1826; in garrison at Savannah, Ga., 1826 27, -Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 

(First Lieut., 4th Aetillery, Dec. 31, 1827) 



U. S. MILITAKY ACADEMY. 223 



Number. 1822. Class Rank. 

1827-28,— and Ft. McHenry, Md., 1828-32; in the "Black Hawk Expedition," 
1832, but not at the seat of war ; on Ordnance duty, Jan. 1 to Mar. 18, 1833 ; 
and on Engineer duty, Mar. 18, 1833, to Aug. 6, 1835. 
Resigned, June 10, 1836. 

Civil History. — Assistant Engineer, Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad, 
183G-37. Civil Engineer in the service of the United States, superintending 
improvement of the Na^^gation of Mississippi River at Dcs Moines Rapids, 
1838-39; and of the Harbor of Presque Isle, Erie, Pa., 1843. Asst. Engi- 
neer, Ohio Railroad, 1845; and of Columbia and Greenville Railroad, S. C, 
1847-51. Chief Engineer, Delaware Railroad, 1852. Engineer of the Govern- 
ment of Chili, South America, in charge of pubHc works, 1853 to 1857. 
Residence, Baltimore, Md. 



291.. (Born N. J.) "WILLIAM COOK (Ap'd N. J.).. 6 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. MUitary Academy from Sep. 7, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, at Pittsburg, Pa., Dec. 12, 1822, to Sep. 13, 

1823; on Topographical duty, Sep. 13, 1823, to June 21, 1830; and on Internal 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, May 15, 1829) 
Liiprovements in New Jersej', June 21, 1830, to Jan. 31, 1832. 
Resigned, Jan. 31, 1832. 

Civil History.— Chief Engineer of Camden and Amboy RaUroad, N. J., 
1831-65,— of Port Gibson and Grand Gulf Railroad, Mis., 1835,— and of Phila- 
delphia and Trenton Railroad, Pa., 1836-65. Aide-de-Camp to the Governor 
of New Jersey, with the rank of Lieut. -Colonel, 1833, — and Brig. -General, New 
Jersey Militia, 1848-65 (Bvt-. Major-General, 1859-65).* Member of the Board 
of Visitors to the Military Academy, 1840. 

Died, Apr. 21, 1865, at Hoboken, N. J. : Aged 64. 



292. . (Bom N. Y.) WILLIAM ROSE (Ap'd N. Y.) . .7 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1822. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1822. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Dec. 12, 1822, to Dec. 31, 1823; and in garrison 
at Petite Coquille (Ft. Pike), La., 1824-25. 

Died, Nov. 22, 1825, at Washington, D. C. : Aged 24. 



* On the call of the President for 75,000 Volunteers, at the beginning of the Rebellion of 
1861-66, of the Socoding States, Gon. Cook oOerod his services for the Ueld, but he was per- 
haps more ustfully employed in organizing the Now Jersey quota and examining its officers, 
ns a member of tho Board created for this special purpose, by an act o:' the Legislature of hia 
State. 



224 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1822. Class Kank. 

293. .(Born Va.) WALTER GWYNN (Ap'd Ya.). .8 

Military HUstory. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 10, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, Mhen he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 

BvT. Secoxd Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 20, 1822, to Nov. 15, 1823; in garrison at Ft. 

(Transferred to Ith Artillery, Feb. 18, 1823) 

St. Philip, La., 1824,— and at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 

1824r-26, on Topographical duty, Aug. 7, 1826, to June 19, 1830; and in gai-- 

(FiRST Lieut., -Ith Artillery, Oct. 19, 1829) 
risonatFt. McHenry, Md., 1830. 

Eesigned, Feb, 2, 1832. 

Civil History. — Piincipal Asst. Engineer, Petersburg and Weldon Kaili-oad, 
Va., 1832-33. Postmaster, JaiTot's Station, Va., 1832-34. Chief Engineer, 
Portsmouth and Eoanoke Eailroad, Va., 1833-36; of Surs-ey for Kailroad and 
Canal, fi-om Norfolk, Va., to Edenton, N. C, — and of St. Andrew's Canal, Fla., 
1835: of Roanoke, Danville and Junction Railroad, Va., 1836-38; of Halifax 
and Weldon Railroad, N. C, 1835-38; of Wihnington and Weldon Raih-oad, 
N. C, 1836-40; of the State of North Carolina, 1839-42; and of Suney for 
Cape Fear, and Lumber River Canal, N. C, 1844. President, Portsmouth and 
Roanoke Eaih'oad Companj^ Va., 1842^6; and of James River and Kanawha 
Canal Company, Va., 1846-47. Chief Engineer, James River and Kanawha 
Canal, Va., 1847-53; of Wilmington, N. C, and Manchester, S. C, Raih'oad 
(including the Great Pee Dee Bridge, supported by cast-iron cylinders, sunk 
by the pneumatic j^rocess), 1848-55; of North Carohna Railroad from Golds- 
borough to Charlotte, 1850-56; of Surveys for Railroads from Goldsborough to 
Beaufort, N. C, and fi-om Salisbui-y, N. C, to the Tennessee line, 1853-55; of 
Oxford, Md., and Dover, Del., Railroad, 1855-57: and of Blue Ridge Rail- 
road, from Andersonville, S. C, to Knoxville, Ten., 1856-61. Consulting 
Engineer of various pubhc woi'ks in the United States, 1837-61. Aide-de-Camp, 
with the rank of Major, to Major-General McRae, N. C. Militia, 1836-41. Cap- 
tain, Virginia Militia, 1842-49, and Colonel, 1851-53. 

Joined the Rebellion of 1861-66 against the United States. 



294. . (Bom Va.) CAMPBELL GRAHAM (Ap'dVa.). .9 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Sep. 1, 

1817, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

B\"r. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on Ordnance diity, Aug. 20, 1822, to Aug. 1, 1823; in garrison at Ft. 

Washington, Md., 1823-25;" on Topographical duty, Ajar. 6, 1825, to Apr. 9, 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, Sep. 11, 1828) 
1831; in garrison at Ft. Independence, Mas., 1831,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artil- 
lery Schor)l for Practice), 1831, 1832-33; in Creek Nation, 1834; in gan-ison 
at "Ft. Morgan, Ala., 1834.— Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1834^35,— and Ft. King, Fla.. 
1835; in the Florida War, 1835-36, being engaged at the Combat of Withla- 
(Bvt. Capt., Dec. 31, 1835, for Gallantry and Good Conduct in the 
Affair on the Withlacoochee, Fla. ) 
coochee, Dec. 31, 1835, where he was (twice) severely wounded; on Topo- 
graphi(ral duty. May 21 to Nov. 5, 1836; on Ordnance duty, Nov. 5, 1836, to 
Mar. 25, 1837; as Superintending Top. Engineer of Surveys and Improve- 



0. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 225 



Number. 1822. Class Rank. 

ments of Mobile harbor, Ala, 1839-40, — of Survey of Suwanne and Yellow Rivers, 

(BvT. Capt. Staff— Asst. Top. Engineer, Nov. 23, 1837) 

(Captain, Corps of Top. Engineers, July 7, 1838) 

Fla., 1840-41, — of Reconnoisance of left bank of Mississippi River, 18'll-4'2, — 

and of Examination of Albemarle Sound, N. C, 1843; as Asst. Top. Engineer 

in Survey of Florida Reefs, 1845-i6; as Superintending Top. Engineer of 

Survey of New Bedford harbor, Mas., 1846^7, — of Paving Pennsylvania 

.\ venue, Washington, D. C, 1847 and 1849, — and of Survey of James Creek, 

Washington, D. C, 1851-52; in waiting orders, and on sick leave of absence, 

1852 54; of Inspection of Pacific Coast Light-houses, May 13, 1854, to Aug. 16, 

1855; on Staff of Commanding General of the Department of the Pacific, 

(Major, Corps of Top. Engineers, Dec. 9, 1857) 

(Retired from AcTm; Service, Sep. 9, 1861, for Disability resulting 

from Long and FArrHFUL Service, and from Wounds received 

in Battle, and Disease contracted in the Lint; of Duty) 

1855-56; on sick leave of absence, 1855-61; and unemployed, 1861-66. 

Died, Nov. 8, 1866, at Baltimore, Md. : Aged 67. 



295 . . (Bom Mas. ) . . .THOMPSON B. WHEELOCK (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 10 

Military History.— Cadet at the D. S. MUitaiy Academy from Sep. 24, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Anny to 
BvT. Second Leeut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1822. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1822. 
Ser\ed: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 21, 1822, to Aug. 1, 1823; in garrison at Ft. 
(Transferred to 3d Artillery, Feb. 18, 1823, and to 
2d Artillery, July 22, 1826) 
Nelson, Va., 1823-24,— Ft. Monroe, Va. (ArtUlery School for Practice), 1824-25, 
—Ft. Washington, Md., 1825-26,— West Point, N. Y., 1826-27,— Savannah, 
Ga., 1827-28,— and Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1828-29. 

Resigned, June 30, 1829. 

Civil History.— President of Woodward College, Cincinnati, O., 1830-33. 

Military History. — Re-appointed in the Army with the rank of 

First Lieut., 1st Dragoons, Sep. 19, 1833. 
Served: on Recruiting service, 1833-34; on frontier duty, on Pawnee Expe- 
dition, 1834, — at St. Louis, Mo., 1834,— and Ft. Leavenworth Kan., 1834; on 
Recruiting service, 1835-36; and in the Florida War, 1836, being engaged 
against the Seminole Indians in the Skirmish near Micanopy, June 9, 1836. 
Died, June 15, 1836, at Ft. Micanopy, Fla. : Aged 35. 



296 (Bom N. C.) JAMES H, COOKE (Ap'd N. C. ) . . 11 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, Jxtly 1, 1822. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 21, 1822, to Aug. 1, 1823; in garrison at Ft. 

Wolcott, R. L, 1823-24,— aijd Ft. Monroe. Va. (Artillery School for Practice). 

15 



226 GRADUATES OF THE 

NtTMBEB. 1822. Class Rank. 

182-1-26 ; on Ordnance duty, Apr. 20, 1826, to Mar. 12, 1832; and in gai-rison 

(FiKST Lieut., 1st Artellekt, Ape. 26, 1832) 
at Ft. Washington, Md., 1832,— and Beaufort, N. C, 1832-33. 
Resigned, Jan. 31, 1833. 
Civil History.— Civil Engineer, 1833. 

Died, 1833: Aged 29. 



297. (Bom 0.) "WILLIAM C.YOUNG ( Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 12 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. MiUtary Academy from Sep. 21, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Artilleky, July 1, 1822. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1822. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 21, 1822, to Aug. 1, 1823; and in gamson 
at Ft. Norfolk, Va., 1823-24,— and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Prac- 
tice), 1824-26. 

Resigned, May 31, 1826. 

Civil History. — Engineer of the State of New York, to sm-vey West Stock- 
bridge and Albany Railroad, N. Y., 1828. Resident Engineer, Saratoga and 
Schenectady Raikoad, N. Y., 1831-33. Chief Engineer and Superintendent of 
Utica and Schenectady Railroad, N. Y., 1833^9. Chief Engineer, Hudson 
River Raih-oad, Aug. 1, 1848, to Oct. 7, 1851, and President, Oct. 1, 1851, to 
Jan. 1, 1852. President of Panama Raikoad, Sep. 24, 1852, to Oct. 31, 1853. 
Residence, Buffalo, N. Y. 



298 . . (Born N. J. ) AUGUSTUS CANFIELD (Ap'd N. J. ) . . 13 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Sep. 17, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lleut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 21, 1822, to Nov. 15, 1823; on Reciniiting 

(Transferred to 4th Artillery, Feb. 18, 1823) 

service, 1824; in garrison at Ft. Marion, Fla., 1824-26; on Topographical duty, 

Apr. 4, 1826, to Mar. 6, 1828; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School 

for Practice), 1828,— and Ft. McHenry, Md., 1828-29; on Commissary duty 

at Baltimore, Md., 1829-30; in garrison at Ft. McHem-y, Md., 1830,— and Ft. 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Mar. 1, 1830) 
Columbus, N. Y., 1830-31; on Recruiting service, 1831; in garrison at Ft. 
Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice^ 1831-32; on Topoo:raphical duty, 
Apr. 6, 1832, to Sep. 14, 1834; on Survey of Cumberland Road, in Ohio, 1835,— 

(BvT. Capt. Staff — Asst. TopoGRArnicAL Engineer, Sep. 14, 1834) 
and of sites for Defensive Works on Lake Champlain, N. Y., 1836; on inspec- 
tion of jDublic works on Lake Champlain, N. Y., 1836; on survey of Rivers and 
Harbors in the State of New York, 1837-39, --and of Sault St. Marie, 1840-41; 

(Captain, Corps of Top. Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
on leave of absence in Europe, 1841 ; in charge of Hudson River Improvement, 
N. Y., 1842, — of Harbors on Lake Ontario, N. Y., 1842, and at the west end 
of Lake Erie, 1843-49,— and of St. Joseph's Harbor, Mich., 1843-47; on sur- 
vey of Light-house site on Waugoshaneo Shoal, Lake Michigan, 1847-48; as 
Light-house Engineer, 1848 52; in charge of Channel Improvement across St. 
Clair's Flats, Mich , 1852 53; and as Superintending Top. Engineer of Sault 
St. Marie Canal, Mich., 1853 54. 

Died, Apr. 18, 1854, at Detroit, Mich. : Aged 53. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 227 



Number. 1822. Class Eank. 

299..(T3ornll.I.) DAVID H. VINTON (Ap'd R. I.)..14 

Militaiy History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 

1818, to July 1, 182'2, when he was graduated and promoted in the Axmy to 

BvT. Second Lieut. , 1st Akthxery, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lieut., 4th Aktilleky, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 21, 1822, to June 10, 1823; on Recruiting 

(Teansferued to 6th Infantry, Mar. 19, 1823) 

service, 1823; in garrison at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1823-25; on Ordnance duty, 

(First LreuT., Oth Infantry, Ape. 7, 1825) 
Sep. 28, 1825, to Apr. 27, 1826; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Ajtillery School 

(Transferred to 3d Artillery, Mar. 24, 1826) 
for Practice), 1826-28,— and Ft. Independence, Mas., 1828-29, 1829-31; on 
Ordnance duty, Mar. 31, 1831, to Dec. 31, 1833; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 
1834; on Engineer duty, Dec, 1834, to Aug., 1835; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, 
Va., 1835-36; in the Creek and Florida War, on Quarterm-:ister duty, 1836-39, 
being Quartermaster-General of the Territory of Florida, Nov. 27, 1837, to 

(AssT. Quartermaster, Oct. 19, 1836, to July 7, 1838) 
July 2, 1838; on Quartermaster duty on the Northern Frontier duiing Canada 
(Capt. Staff — Asst. Quartermaster, July 7, 1838) 
(Captain, 3d Artillery, July 7, 1838, to June 18, 1846) 
Border Disturbances, at BrowTis\ille, N. Y., 1839-40,— Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 
1840,— and Detroit, Mich., 1841-42; in setthng accounts at Brownsville, N. Y., 
1842-43; on Quartermaster duty at Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1843, —Sackett's Har- 
bor, N. Y., 1843-46,— Buffalo, N. Y., 1846,— and New York city, making ship- 
ments to the army in Mexico, 1846-47; as Chief Quartermaster, on the Staff of 

(Major Staff — Quartermaster, Mar. 3, 1847) 
of Maj. -General Wool, in War with Mexico, 1848, — and of the Pacific Division, 
June 21, 1849, to Jan. 11, 1850; on Quartermaster duty at Boston, Mas., 1851-52; 
as Chief Quartermaster of the Department of the West, at St. Louis, Mo. , 
1852-56, — and of the Department of Texas, 1857-61, headquarters, San Antonio, 

(Lieut.-Col. Staff — Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Aug. 3, 1861) 
Tex. , where he was taken prisoner by the Rebels, and put upon parole. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: as Chief 

(BvT. CoL., Bvt. Brig.-Genef.al, and Bvt. Maj. -General, U. S. Army, 

Mas. 13, 1865, for Faithfix and Meritorious Services 

during the Rebellion) 

Quartermaster at New York city, in charge of depot for supplying the army 
with clothing and equipage, June 28, 1861, to , being (ex-officio) 

(CoL. Staff— Asst. QnARTKr.MvsTER-Giiv., .July 29, 1866) 
Colonel, U. S. Volunteers, Aug. 2, 1864, to July 29, 1866. 

Retired from Active Ser'v^ce, July 29, 1866, under the Law of 
July 17, 1862, he being over "the Age of 62 Years." 



300.. (Born Pa.) JOHN J. SCHULER (Ap'd Pa.). .15 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 7, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1822. 
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1822. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 21, 1822, to Aug. 1, 1823; and in ganison 
at Ft. Columbu.s, N. Y., 1823-24,- Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1824-25,— Ft 
Preble, Me., 1825, 1826,— and Ft. Independence, Mas., 1826-27. 
Resigned, Apr. 30, 1828. 
Civil History.— Postmaster, Portsmouth, Pa., 1828 to 18 — . Merchant, 
18— to 1835. Teacher, Middletown, Pa., 1838 to 18—. 



228 GRADUATES OF THE 



NriiBEE. 1822. Class Eank. 

301. (Bom Pa.) JOHN PICKELL (Ap'd N. Y.). .16 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. IMilitaiy Academy from Sep. 2, 

1818, to July 1, 18'22, -wheu he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Aettlleet, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lieut., 4th Aetilleey, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 21, 1822. to Nov. 15, 1824; in garrison at 

Petite Coquille (Ft. Pike), La., 182.5-27; on Topogi-aphical duty, June 14, 1828, 

(First Lieut., 4th Aetilleey, May 28, 1831) 
to June 18, 1832; on the "Black Hawk Expedition," 1832, but not at seat of 
war; in gamson at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillerj- School for Practice), 1832, — and 
Charleston harbor, S. C, 1832-33, duiing South Carohna's threatened nullifi- 
cation; on Engineer duty (Cumberland Eoad), Mar. 18, 1833, to Dec. 5, 1835; 
in gan-ison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1835-3G; in the Florida War against the 
Seminole Indians, 1836-38, as Adjutant, 4th Artillery, Oct. 15, 1836, to Aug. 5, 
1838, being engaged in the Action at Ft. Drane, Aug. 24, 1836, — and Action of 
Locha-Hatchee, Jan. 24, 1838; and in the Cherokee Kation, 1838, while emi- 
grating the Lidians to the West. 

Eesigned, Aug 5, 1838. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer in* Maryland, 1839-41. Member of the 
House of Representatives of the State of Maiyland, 1842-43. Captain, Mary- 
land Mihtia, 1845^7, — and Colonel, 1847. Director of the Chesapeake and 
Ohio Canal, 1846-50. Coal Merchant, Baltimore, Md., 1844-49. President of 
the National Fire Insurance Company, Baltimore, Md., 1853, — and of the 
PickeU Coal and Iron Company, 1853-58. Editor of "Frostburg Gazette, and 
Miners' Eecord," 1859-61. 

Military History.— Served during the Eebellion of the Seceding States, 
(Colonel, 13th N. Y. Volunteees, Aug. 19, 1861) 
1861-62: in command of Eegiment in the defenses of Washington, Aug. 19, 
1861, to Mar. 4, 1862. 

Eesigned (Sick), Mae. 4, 1862. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Deed, Jan. 23, 1865, at Danvtlle, N. Y. : Aged 63. 



302. .(Bom Va.) ISAAC R. TRIMBLE (Ap'd Ky.). .17 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Nov. 23, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Aetilleby, July 1, 1822. 
Second Lieut., 1st Aetilleey, July 1, 1822. 
Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 21, 1822, to Aug. 1, 1823; in garrison at 
Ft. Lafayette, N. Y., 1823-24; on Topographical duty, June 4, 1824, to 
June 14, 1830.; and in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Prac- 
tice), 1830-31. 

Eesigned, May 31, 1832. 

Civil History.— Principal Asst. Engineer, Boston, Mas., and Providence, 
E. L, Eailroad, 1832-35. Chief Engineer, Baltimore and Susquehanna Eail- 
road, Md., 1835-38,— of York and Wrightsville Eailroad, Pa., 1836-38,— ot 
Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Eailroad, and General Supermtendent, 
1842-53,— of the Philadelphia and Baltimore Central Eailroad, 1854-59,— and 
of Baltimore and Potomac Eailroad, 1859-61. 

Joined in the Rebellion of 1861-66 against the United States. 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 229 



NuMBEE. 1822. Class Kank. 



303. .(Born N. Y.) HENRY H. GIRD (Ap'd N. Y.). 18 

Military History. — Cadet at the XJ. S. Military Academy from Nov. 1-t, 

1818, to Jxily 1, 1822, when he was graduated ami promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Skcond Lieut., Ith Aetillery, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lieut., iTU Aktillery, July 1, 1822. 

Served: at the MiHtary Academy , 1822-27, as Asst. Instructor of Infantrv 

Tactics, Sep. 28, 1822, to June 9, 1821,— and as Adjutant, June 9, 1824, to 

(Transferred to 2d Artillery, Sep. 14, 1827) 
Apr. 20, 1827; in garrison at Ft. Pike, La., 1828-29; and on Engineer duty, 
Apr. 1 to Nov. 30, 1829. 

Resigned, Nov. 30, 1829. 

Civil History. — Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, College 
of Louisiana, 1829-43 ; and President of same College, 1831-42. Farmer, Illi- 
nois, 1844. Emploj'ed in U. S. Branch Mint, at New Orleans, La., 1845. 
Died, June 1, 1845, at New Orleans, La. : Aged 44. 



304 . . (Born N. Y. ) . . . . BENJAMIN H. WRIGHT (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 19 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Sep. 14, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1822. 
Served in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1822-23. 
Resigned, June 1, 1823. 

Civil History.— Captain, New York Militia, 1823-27. Civil Engineer, 
1823-42. Prompted the tirst establishment of Railroads in the Island of 
Cuba, and executed the survey of the first Railroad from Havana to Guines, 
1834. Associate Principal Engineer of Cuba, in the sei-vice of the Spanish 
Government, 1835-36. Engineer, Cardenas and Bemba Railroad, Cuba, 1836, 
— and of Nuevitas and Puerto Principe Railroad, Cuba, 1837-42. Residence. 
Rome, N. Y. 



305.. (Born Md.) WILLIAM M. BOYCE (Ap'd Pa.). .20 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Sep. 7, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1822. 
Served: on Topographical duty, July 8, 1822, to May 29, 1828; as Aide-de- 
(FiEST Lieut., 1st Infantry, June 30, 1825) 
Camp to Major-General Macomb, May 29, 1828, to May 7, 1829 ; on Topo- 
graphical duty, May 7, 1829, to May 9, 1833; on frontier duty at Ft. Crawford, 

(Capt.atn, 1st Inf.antry, Oct. 25, 1835) 
Wis., 1833-34; on Recraiting service, 1834-36; and in Creek Nation, 1836. 
Resigned, Nov. 14, 1836. 

Civil History. — Assistant in the Geodetic Survey of the Atlantic Coa&t 
of the United States, Apr. 19, 1837, to Aug. 29, 1855, when, in the Bui-Ung- 
ton catastrophe on the Camden and Amboy Railroad, N. J. , he was 
Killed, Aug. 29, 1855: Aged 54. 



230 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1822. Class Eank. 



306. . (Born Pa.) ST. CLAIR DENNY (Ap'd Pa.) . .21 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 10, 

1818, to July 1, 18"22, when he was gi'aduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 5th Inf.axtky, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. St. Anthony, Min., 1822-25, — on Major Long's 

Missouri expedition, 1823-24,— at Ft. St. Anthony, Mm., 1824-25.— Ft. Snell- 

ing, Min., 1825-27,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828,— Ft. Howard, Wis., 1828-36 

(Flrst Lieut., 5th Infantey, Nov. 30, 1827) 
(Quartei-mastcr duty, 1830-34),— Ft. Dearborn, HI., 1836,— and Ft. Howard, 

(AssT. Quaetermaster, Oct. 15, 1830, to Jan. 28, 1834) 
Wis., 1836-37 ; on Recraiting service, 1837-38 ; and on the Northern Frontier 

(Captain, 5th Infantry, Ape. 1, 1836) 
during Canada Border Disturbances, at Buffalo, N. Y., 1838, — Madison Bar- 

(Teansfeeeed to 8th Infantry, July 7, 1838) 
racks, N. Y., 1838,— Eecniiting, 1838,— and French Creek, N. Y., 1838-39. 
Resigned, Ape. 30, 1839. 
Re-appointed in the United States Armj' Anth the rank of 

Majoe Staff — Paymastee, U. S. Aemy, Oct. 15, 1841, 
and served on PajTnaster duty in the Florida War against the Seminole 
Indians, 1841-42,— at New Orleans, La., 1842-48,— Cincinnati, 0., 1848,— 
Detroit, Mich., 1849,— Washington, D. C, 1850-56,— and at St. Louis, Mo. 
1856-58. 

Died, Aug. 18, 1858, at Pittsbueg, Pa. : Aged 58. 



307. .(Bom Va.) WT3STWOOD LACEY (Ap'd Va.). .22 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. MiUtixry Academy from Sep. 18, 

1817, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 4th Infantey, July 1, 1822. 

Served: in gan-ison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1822-24, — and Cantonment 

Brooke, Fla., 1824; in constructing Military Road to St. Augustine, Flu., 

1824-25; in garrison at New Orleans, La., 1825; in Creek Nation, 1825-26; in 

(First Lieut.. 4th Infantry, Oct. 31, 1826) 
Scouting, near Tallahassee, Fla., 1827; in garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 
1827-28; in the Creek Nation, 1828-29; and in garrison at Cantonment CUnch, 
Fla., 1829. 

Died, Nov. 3, 1829, at Tall.ahassee, Fla. : Aged 26. 



308. .(Born N. Y.) EUSTACE TRENOR (Ap'd Vt.). .23 

Military History,— Cadet at the U. S. ^Militiu-y Academy from Oct. 1, 

1817, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 4th Infantey-, Juia' 1, 1822. 

Served: in garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1822-24, — and Ft. Ban-ancas, 

Fla., 1824; in constructing Military Road to St. Augustine, Fla., 1824-25; in 

(FiEST Lieut., 4th Infantey, Nov. 29, 1826) 

Creek Nation. 1825-26 ; on Recniiting service, 1826-27, 1829-30 ; in garrison 

at Key West, Fla., 1831, 1832 33; on frontier duty in Pa\vnee Expedition, 1834. 

(Captain, 1st Dragoons, Mae. 4, 1833) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 231 



Number. 1822. Class Kank. 

St. Louis, Mo., 18;U,~rt. Gibson, L T., 183-i, -Expedition to the Canadiiin 
Eiver, 1835, —Ft. Gibson, L T., 1835-3(),— Nacop;doches, Tex., 1836,- Ft. Gib- 
son, L T., lS3r. 37. -Grand Prairie, 1837,— and Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1837-39; in 
},'arrison at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 1839-40; on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, 
Xan., 1840-41, 184'2,— Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1842,— and Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 

(Major, Lst Dr.4goons, June 30, 1846) 
1842, 1845-4G; i\nd on sick leave of absence, 1846-47. 

Died, Feb. 16, 1847, at New Y^obk City: Aged 44 



309 . . (Bom Yt.) GEORGE "WRIGHT (Ap'd Vt ) . .24 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 14, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1,' 1822. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1822-24; on Recruiting ser- 
vice, 1824-20; on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1826; in garrison at jefi'er- 
son Barracks, Mo., 1826-28; on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 

(First Lieut., 3d Infantry, Sep. 23, 1827) 
1828-29,— Expedition to Council Bluffs, lo., 1829,— Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 
1829, — and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1829-31; as Adjutant, 3d Infantry, at 
Regimental headquarters, Feb. 1, 1831, to Oct. 30, 1836; on Recruiting ser- 

(Captain, 3d Infantry, Oct. 30, 1836) 
vice, 1837-38; on the Northern Frontier diu-ing Canada Border Disturbances, in 

(Transferred to 8th Infantry, July 7, 1838) 
Recruiting, 1838, — and at Sacketfs Harbor, N. Y., 1838-40; in garrison at 
Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1840; in the Florida War, 1840-41, 1841-42; in gar- 
rison at Ft. Brooke, Fk., 1843,— and Key We.st, Fla., 1843-44; on Recruiting 
(BvT. Major, Mar. 15, 1842, for Meritorious Conduct, in Zeal, 
Energy, and Perseveeence in the War against the 
Florida Indians) 
service, 184'^U46; in the War with Mexico, 1846-48, being engaged in the 
Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of Cerro Gordo. Apr. 17-18, 
1847,— Capture of San Antonio, Aug. 20, 1847,— Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 
(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious 
Conduct in the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mes. ) 
1847, — and Battle of Molino del Rey, Sep. 8, 1847, where he commanded the 
(BvT. Colonel, Sep. 8, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious 
Conduct in the Battle of Molino del Rey, Mex. ) 
storming party and was wounded; in Mustering troops out of service, 1848; 
in garrison at' Ft. Ontario, N. Y., 1848-52, -Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1852— ,and 

(M.AJOR, 4th lNF.iNTRY, JaN. 1, 1848) 

Benicia, Cal., 1852; in command of Northern District of California, Sep. 17, 
1852, to May 19, 1855, headquarters at Ft. Reading, Cal. ; in garrison at Ft. 
(Lieut. -Colonel, 4th Infantry, Feb. 3, 1855) 
(Colonel, 9th Inf.vntry, Mar. 3, 1855) 
Monroe. Va., 1855; on frontier duty at Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1856; in com- 
mand of the Northern District of the Departmr.it of (he Pacific, Jan. 28, 
1856, to July, 1857,- at the Cascades, Wash., 1856 -.vliich he defended against 
an attack of hostile Indians. Mar. 27-28. 1856,— on Yakama Expedition, 1856,^ 
at Ft. Vancouver, Wash.. 1856, — on march to Walla-Walla. Wash., 1856, -and 
at Ft. Dalles, Or., 1856-58; in comniaml of Spokane Expedition, Wash., 1858, 
being engaged in the Combat at Four Lakes, Sep. 1, 1858, — Combat of Spo- 



232 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK 182:2. Class Bank. 

kane Plains, Sep. 5, 1858, — and Skirmish on Spokane Kiver, Sep. 8, 1858, — 
at Ft. Dalles, Wash., 1858-59; on li-ontier duty at Ft. Walla-Walla, Wash., 
1859-60, — and Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1860 61; and in command of the Depart- 
ment of Oregon, July 5, 1860, to Sep. 13, 1861. 
Served diuing the RebeUion of the Seceeding States, 1861-65: in command 
(Bkig. -General, U. S. Voluxteeks, Sep. 28, 1861) 
of the Department of the Pacific, Oct. 20, 1861, to July 1, 1864,— and of the 
(BvT. Bjkig.-Genebal, U. S. Aritt, Dec. 19, 1864, for Long, Faithful, 
AND Meritorious Services) 
District of CaUfomia, July 1, 1864, to July 27, 1865. 

Drowned, July 30, 1865: Aged 62, 
in the wi-eck of the steamer Brother Jonathan, while on his way to assiune 
command of the Department of the Columbia, to which he had been assigned 
by the President. 



310. (Born D. C.) DAVID HUNTER (Ap'd D. C). .25 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 14, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Anny to 

Second Lieut. , 5th Infantry, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. St. Anthony, Min., 1823-25,— Ft. Snelling, 

Min., 1825-26,— Ft. Crawlbrd, Wis., 1827,— Jefferson BaiTacks, Mo., 1828,— 

(First Lieut., 5th Infantry, June 30, 1828) 
Ft. Dearborn, 111., 1828-31,— Ft. Winnebago, Wis., 1832,— Ft. Howard, Wis., 
1832-33, --Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1833,— Camp Jackson, L T.. 1833-34,— 

(Captain, 1st Dragoons, Mar. 4, 1833) 
Pawnee Expedition, 1834, — Camp Jackson, I. T., 1834, — Ft. Leavenworth, 
Kan., 1834-35, — Expedition to ii rkansas River, 1835, — and Ft. Leavenworth, 
Kan., 1835. 

Resigned, July 4, 1836. 
Re-appointed in the United States Ai-my with the rank of 

Major Staff — Paymaster U. S. Army, Mar. 14, 1842. 
Served on Paymaster duty, at Tallahassee, Fla., 1842, — Washington, D. C, 
J842,— Ft. Smith, Ark., 1842-46,— in the War with Mexico, as Chief Paymaster 
of General Wool's column on his march through Chihuahua, 1846. and of the 
Army of Occupation, 1847^8, —at New Orleans, La., 1848-49,— Washington, 
D. C, 1849-50,- -Detroit, Mich., 1850-51,— New York, 1852-56,— Ft. Leaven- 
worth, Kan., 1856-58,— St. Louis, Mo., 1858-59,— and at Ft. Leavenworth, 
Kan., 1859-61. 
Served during the RebeUion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: in Defense of 
(Colonel, 6th Cavalry, May 14, 1861) 
Washington, D. C, May-July, 1861; in command of division in the Manassas 
Campaign of July, 1861, being engaged in the Battle of Bull Run, Va., 

(Brig. -General, U. S. Volunteers, May 17, 1861) 
July 21, 1861, where he was wounded; in the Defenses of Washington, D. C, 

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, Aug. 13, 1861) 
July-Nov., 1861; in command of the Western Department, Nov. 2-9, 1861, — 
of the Department of Kansas, Nov. 20, 1861, to Mar. 11, 1862, — and of the 
Department of the South, Mar. 31 to Sep. 3, 1862, being present at the Bom- 
bardment and Rednction of Ft. Pulaski, Ga., Apr. 10 11, 1862; on leave of 
absence, Sep. 3-23, 1862; on Military Cominissirm, Sep. 2.3, 1862, to Jan. 21, 
1863; in command of the Department of the South, Jan. 21 to June 3, 1863; 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 233 



Number. 1822. Class Rank. 

on Coui'ts of Inquii-y, Juue 3, 18G3, to May 19, 1804; in command of the 
Department of West Vii'ginia, May 19 to Aug. 8, 186-t, being engaged in the 
Combat of riedmout, June 5, 18l)i, — and in several skirmishes on the-march to 
iStant^n, June, IHGi, — Destruction of the IMilitary Institute at Lexington, 
Jiuie 12, 18G1, — Action of Diamond Hill, June 17, 18G4, — and Combat of 
Lynchburg, June 18, 1864; on leave of absence and awaiting orders, Aug. 8, 
(BvT. Brig. -General U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 18G5, for Gallant and Meri- 
torious Services at the Battle of Piedmont, and during the 
Campaign in the Valley of Virginia) 
(BvT. Maj.-General U. S. Army, MAii. 13, 1865, for Gallant and 
^ Meritorious Services during the Rebellion) 

1864, to Feb. 1, 1865; on Court Martial duty, Feb. 1 to May 9, 1865; onMiUtary 
Commission for the trial of the conspirators in the assassination of President 
Lincoln, May 9 to July G, 1865, — in awaiting orders, July G, 1865, to Aug. 6, 

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Jan. 15, 18GG) 
1866; as President of Special Claims Commission, Aug. 6, 1866, to , — 

and of Board for the Examination of Officers promoted to the Cavahy arm of 
ser\dce, Aug. 16, 1866, to 

Retired from Active Service, July 31, 1866, under the Law of July 17, 
1862, HE being over " the Age of 62 Years." 



311. .(Bom Pa.) GEORGE A. McCALL (Ap'd Pa.). .26 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1822. 

Tr.vnsferred to 4th Infantry, Dec. 23, 1822. 

Served : in garrison at Cantonment Clinch., Fla., 1823-24, — and Cantonment 

Brooke, Fla., 1824, 1825-26 ; on Recruiting service, 1826-28 ; in garrison at 

Cantonment Brooke, Fla., 1829, — and Baton Rouge, La., 1829-30; as Aide-de- 

(FiRST Lieut., 4th Infantry, Jan. 25, 1829) 
Camp to Bvt. Maj.-General Gaines, Apr. 1, 1831, to Sep. 30, 1836 ; in the 
Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836, being engaged in the Skir- 
mishes at Camp Izard, Feb. 27, 28, 29, and Mar. 5, 1836; on Recruiting service, 

(Captaxn, 4th Infantry, Sep. 21, 1836) 
1837-38 ; on the Northern Frontier, 1838, during Canada Border Distur- 
bances; in command of Regiment on march from Tampa, Fla., to Ft. Gibson, 
L T., 1838-39; on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, I. T. 1839-41; in the Florida 
War against the Seminole Indians, 1841-42, being engaged in the Rout of 
Halleck Tustennuggee's Band in the Big Hammock of Pilakliliaha, Apr. 19, 
1842; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks. Mo., 1842-43, — and Ft. Scott, Kan., 
1843-44, 18'44r-45; in MiHtaiy Occupation of Texas, 184.5-46; in the War with 
Mexico, 1846, being engaged in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846,— Battle 
(Bvt. Major, May 9, 1846, for G^vll-ant Conduct in the Battles of 
Palo Alto and Resaca-de-la-Palma, Tex. ) 
of Resaca-de-la-Palma, May 9, 1846, — and in command of Light Infantry Bat- 
(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., May 9, 1846. for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
in the Battles of Palo Alto and Resaca-de-l.i-Palma, Tex. ) 
talion May 1-10, 1846; in mustering out of service Louisiana Volunteers at 
(Bvt. Major Staff — Asst. Adjutant-Gent:r.vl, July 7, 1846, 
TO Dec. 26, 1847) 
New Orleans, La., Sep. 1 to Oct. 5, 1846; in the War with Mexico, 1846-47, as 



234 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1822. Class Bank. 

Chief of Staff of Major-General Patterson's division, Oct. 10, 1846 to Apr. 5, 
1847, being engaged in the Siege of Vera Oruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847; on leave of 

(Major, 3d Infantry, Dec. 26, 1847, to June 10, 1850) 
absence in Europe, 1848-49; in command of Regiment at Santa Fe', N. M., 1860; 

(Col. Staff — Inspector-Genek.vl, June 10, 1850) 
on torn- of inspection of the Department of New Mexico, Sep, 20 to Oct. 30, 
1850; on duty in Washington, D. C, Dec. 1, 1850, to Apr. 1, 1851; in waiting 
orders in Philadelphia, 1850-51; and on tour of inspection in California and 
Oregon, Apr. 20 to Nov. 1, 1852. 

Resigned, Apr. 29, 1853. 
Served during the Eebelliou of the Seceding States, 1861-63: in command of 
"Pennsylvania Reserve Corps," with a State commission of 

Major-General, Pennsylvanla Volunteers, May 15, 1861, 
which he subsequently commanded as a Division of the Army of the Potomac, 
forming its extreme right before Washington, D. C, July 23, 1861, to June 9, 

(Brig.-Gener.al, U. S. Volunteers, May 17, 1861) 
1862, a part of his command being engaged in the Action of Drainsville, Va., 
Dec. 20. 1861; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign. June, 1862, being en- 
gaged in the Battle of Mechanicsville (commanding the engaged troops\ 
June 26, 1862,— Battle of Gaines' Mill, June 27, 1862,— and Battle of New Mar- 
ket Cross Eoads, June 30, 1862, where he was captured; as Prisoner of War, 
in Libby Prison, at Eichinond, Va., June 30 to Aug, 16, 1862; and on sick 
leave of absence, Aug. 18, 1862, to Mar. 31, 1863. 

Resigned, Mar. 31, 1863. 

Civil History.— Farmer, Belair, near West Chester, Pa., since 1863. 



312. . (Born Ct.) ALBERT LINCOLN (Ap'd Ct.) . 27 

MiUtaiy History.— Cadet at the U. S. jMilitary Academy from Sep. 28 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1822. 
On authorized graduation leave of absence, July 1 to Sep. 30, 1822, 
Died, Oct. 13, 1822, at St. Louis, Mo.: Aged 20. 



313. (Bom Pa.) FRANCIS LEE (Ap'd Pa.). .28 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 2, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 1823-26; on Quartermaster duty 

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, Sep. 24, 1S24) 

at Ft. Jesup, La., 1826-28,— Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1828-30,— and Ft. Jesup. 

(AssT. Quartermaster, May 22, 1826, to May 31, 1834) 
La., 1831-34; on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, L T., 1834-36,— Camp Desire, 

(Captain, 7th Infantry, May 31, 1834) 
near Ft. Towson, L T., 1836,— Camp Nacogdoches, Tex., 1836,— and Ft. Gibson, 
I. T., 1836-38; on Recruiting service, 1838-40; in the Florida War, 1840-42; 
in garrison at Ft. Pike, La., 1842-45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 235 



NuMBEK. 1822. Class Kank. 

18-45-i(); in the War \vith Mexico, 1840-47, being engaged in the Defense of 

(Major, 4th Infantkt, Feb. 16, 1847) 

Ft. Brown, May 3 9, 1846; on Recriiiting service, 1847; in the War with 

Mexico, 1847-i8, being engaged in tlie Capture of San Antonio, Aug. 20, 

1847, -Battle of Chiu-ubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— Battle of Moliuo del Key, 

(Bvx. LiKUT.-CoL., Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 

1^ THE Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mex. ) 

Sep. 8, 1847, where he was wounded, — and Assault and Captm-e of the City of 

(BvT. Colonel, Sep. 8, 1847, for Gallant and MERrroBious Conduct 

in the Battle of Molino del Rey, Mex. ) 

Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847; on frontier duty at Sacketfs Harbor, N. Y., 1849,— 

Ft. Howard, Wis., 1849-51,— Ft. Suelliug, Min., 1851-53, 185'3-54,— and Ft. 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 6th Infantry, Mab. 9, 1851) 
Ridgely, jNIin., 1854; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1854-55; on 
frontier duty on Sioux Expethtion, 1855-56, — Ft. Pierre, Dak., 1856, — and Ft. 

(Colonel, 2d Infantry, Oct. 18, 1855) 
Rairdall, Dak., 1856-57; in command of the Dejiartment of the West, May 24 
to Oct. 2, 1858, headquarters at St. Louis, Mo. ; and on sick leave of absence, 
1858-59. 

Died, Jan. 19, 1859, at St. Louis, Mo. : Aged 55. 



314 . . (Bom Va. ) JAMES R. STEPHENSON ( Ap'd Va. ) . . 29 

MiUtcuy History.— Cadet at the U. S. MUitaiy Academy from Sep. 10, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted "in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1822. 

Sei-ved: on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 1823-24, — Ft. Towson, I. T., 

1824-26,— and Ft. Gibson, I, T., 1826-27; on Commissary duty at Ft. Towson, 

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, Oct. 4, 1825) 
L T., 1827-29; on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 1829-30,— Calcacie, 1830,— 
and Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1830; on Commissary duty, subsisting Indians, Dec. 28, 

(Captain, 7th Infantry, Dec. 31, 1834) 
1830, to July 5, 1839; in the Florida War, 1840; and on sick leave of absence, 
1840-41. 

Died, Nov. 26, 1841, at Pilatka, Fla. : Aged 40. 



315. .(Bom Vt.) JOHN D. HOPSON. ( Ap'd Vt. ) . . 30 

Military EQstory.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Sep. 24, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and i)romoted' in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 3d Inf^vntry, July 1, 1822. 

Served: in garrison, at Ft. Dearborn, 111., 1822-23 ; on frontier duty at Ft. 

Howard, Wis., 1823-26 ; in garrison at Jetferson Bai-racks, Mo., 1820-28 ; and 

(First Lieut., 3d Infantry, Sep. 23, 1827) 
on Recniiting service, 1828-29. 

Died, Feb. 17, 1829, at Louis^ti^le, Kt. : Aged 31. 



236 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEE. 1822. Class Kank. 

316. (Born 0.) THOMPSON MORRIS (Ap'd 0.). 31 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. MDitaiy Academy from Sep. 1, 

1817, to Jill}- 1, 1822, -when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 

Second Lieut. , 2d Infantry, July 1, 1822. 

Ser\-ed: in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1822-23,— and Ft. Niagara. 

N. Y., 1823 25; on Recruiting ser\'ice, 1826-28; in garrison at Ft Niagara, 

N. Y., 182'J-30; on Recruiting service, 1830; in garrison at Hancock Barracks, 

(FiEST Lieut., 2d Ineantey, May 26, 1830) 
Me., 1830-32, 1833-36; on Recruiting service, 1836-37; in the Florida War, 

(Captain, 2d Intantey, Nov. 6, 1836) 

1837-40 ; on Recruiting ser^dce, 1840-42 ; in garrison at Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 

1842-46,— and Ft Columbus, N. Y., 1846; in the War with Mexico, 1846-48, 

beiug engaged in the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of Cerro 

(BvT. IVIajob, Ape. 18, 1847, foe Gallant and Meeitokious Conduct 

IN the Battle of Ceeeo Goedo, Mex. ) 

Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Skirmish of Oka Laka, Aug. 16, 1847,— Battle of 

Contreras, Aug. 19-20, 1847,— Battle of Chui'ubusco, Aug. 20, 1847, —Battle of 

(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Aug. 20, 1847, foe Gallant and Meeitoeious Con-duct 

IN THE Battles of Conteeras and Chueubusco, Mex. ) 

Molino del Rey, Sep. 8, 1847, — and Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico, 

Sep. 13-14, 1847; on frontier duty at Ft. Brown, Tex., 1849-50,— Ft. Duncan, 

(Majoe, IsT Infantey, Jan. 12, 1848) 
Tex., 1850-51, 1851-55,— and Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1856-60; on leave of 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 4th Intantey, Mae. 3, 1855) 
absence, 1860-61 ; and unemployed since 1861. 

Retieed feom Active Seevice, Sep. 9, 1861, for Disability eesulting 

FEOM Long and Faithful Seevice, and Sickness and Exposuee 

in the line of Duty. 



317. . (Bom Vt.) JOHN R. WILCOX (Ap'd 0.). 32 

Militciry History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Oct. 31, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., 5th Infantey, July 1, 1822. 
Sei-ved: on frontier duty at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1823 ; and on Commissary 
duty at Ft. Edwards, lU., 1823-24. 

Resigned, July 31, 1824. 

Civil History.— Agent of North American Fur Company, 1824-26. Sutler 
at Ft. Edwards (now Warsaw), HI., 1826-29. Merchant, Wai-saw, HI., 
1829-39. 

Died, Oct. 3, 1839, at Waesaw, III. : Aged 39. 



318.. (Bom Pa.) THOMAS JOHNSTON (Ap'd Pa.). .33 

Military History.- Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Sep. 30, 
1818, to Jidy 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1822. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft Smith, Ark., 1823-24,— Ft. Gibson, I. T., 
(First Lieut., 7Tn Infantey, Dec. 16, 1825) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. . 237 



NuMBEK. 1822. Class Kank. 

1824,— Ft. Smith, Ai-k., 1824-25,— Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1825, 1826-28,— Ft. Jesiip, 

(ASST. QUAETEEMASTER, JULY 17 TO DeC. 4, 1834) 

La., 1829-31,— Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1831-34,— and New Orleans, La., 1834. 
Dkopped, Dec. 4, 1834. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, IIae. , 1835, at Little Kock, Aek. : Aged 33. 



319 . . (Born Mas. ) GEORGE W. FOLGER (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 34 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtai-y Academy from Sep. 30, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Byt. Secoot) Lieut., 2d Infantbt, July 1, 1822. 
Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1822. 
Sei-ved: in gan-ison at Sault St. Marie, Mich., 1822-23; and on frontier duty 
(Teansfekred to 6th Infantey, June 5, 1823) 
(FiEST Lieut. , 6th Infantry, Aug. 1, 1825) 
at Ft. Atkinson, CouncU Bluffs, lo., 1823-26. 

Resigned, Dec. 20, 1826. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Dled, 18—. 



320. .(Bom Va.) THOMAS MoNAMARA (Ap'd Va. ) . . 35 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 26, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 7th Inf-^ntry, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1822. 

Served on frontier duty at Ft. Smith, Ark., 1822-24,— Ft. Gibson, L T., 

1824-26, 1827-28,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828,— and Ft. Gibson, L T., 

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, May 26, 1826) 

1828-29, 1829-30. 

Eesigned, June 30, 1830. 

Civil History. — Unknown. Supposed to have 
Died, 18—. 



321..(BomN. H.) AARON M. "WRIGHT (Ap'd N. H.). 36 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 30, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1822. 
Second Lieut. , 3d Infantry July 1, 1822. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1822-23; and on Commissary 
duty at Ft. Mackinaw, Mich.. 1823-26. 

Dismissed, Mar. 31, 1826, under Sec. 3, of Law of Jan. 31, 1823. 

Civil History. — Unknown. Supposed to have 

Died, 18—. 



238 GRADUATES OF THE 



NtTMBEK. 1822. Class Rank. 



322 . . (Bom Ten. ) JOHN J. ABERCROMBIE (Apd Ten. ) . 37 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. MiKtary Academy fi-oin Sep. 7, 
1S17, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Infantet, July 1, 1822. 
Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1822. 

Served: in gaiTison at Baton Rouge, La., 1822-23; on Recruiting service, 
1823: in garrison at Baton Rouge, La., 1821-25; as Adjutant, Ist Infantry, at 
Regimental headquarters, Aug. 1, 1825, to Mar. 1, 1833; in the "Black Hawk" 
(Fikst Lieut., 1st Infantey, Sep. 26, 1828) 

War against the Sac Indians, 1832; in ganison at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1832-33, 

— and Ft. Armstrong, 111., 1833; on detached seiwice, Nov. 27, 1833, to Aug. 5, 

1834; in garrison at Ft. Armstrong, 111., 1831-35; on Recruiting service, 

(Captain, 1st Infantry, Sep. 4, 1836) 

1835-30 ; in garrison at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1836-37, — and Jefferson Bai^racks, 

Mo., 1837; in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1837-40, being 

engaged in the Battle of Okee-cho-bee, Dec. 25, 1837; on Recruiting service, 

(BvT. Major, Dec. 25, 1837, for Gallant and Meritorious Services 

in Florida) 

1840-42; on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1842-44,— Ft. Cra^vford, Wis., 

1844-45, — and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1845-46; in the War with Mexico, 

1846^8, being engaged in the Battle of Monterey, Sej). 21-23, 1846, where he 

(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious 

Conduct in the several Conflicts at Monterey, Mex. ) 

was wounded, — Siege of Vera Cniz, Mar. 9-29, 1847, — Battle of CeiTO Gordo, 

Apr. 17-18, 1847, — and as Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Patterson, Nov. 

14, 1846, to Dec. 31, 1847; on frontier duty at Ft. Towson, L T., 1849-50,- 

(Major, 5th Infantry, Sep. 8 1847) 

San Antonio, Tex., 1850, — Corpus Christi, Tex., 1850-51, — march to Phantom 

HiU, Tex., 1851,— and at Clear Fork of the Brazos, Tex., 1851-52; as Superin- 

(LiEUT. -Colonel, 2d Infantry, May 1, 1852) 

tendent of General Recruiting Service, July 1, 1853, to July 1, 1855, at New 
York; and on frontier duty at Ft. Ridgely, Min., 1855-56, — march to Ft. 
Pierre, Dak., 1856, -Ft. Ridgely, Min., 1857-58,— Ft. Abercrombie, Min., 
1858,— Ft. Ridgely, Min., 1858-59,— and Ft. Ripley, Min., 1859-61. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: in the Shen- 

(CoLONEL, 7th Infantry, Feb. 25, 1861) 

andoah Campaign, 1861-62, being engaged (in command) in the Action of 

raUing Waters, Va., July 2, 1861, — and several sldrmishes on the Upper Poto- 

(Brig. -General, U. S. Volunteers, Aug. 31, 1861) 

mac and Rappahannock, 1861-62; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign, 
(Army of the Potomac), Julj^-Aug., 1862, being engaged in the l^attlo of Fair 
Oaks, May 31- June 1, 1862, where he was wounded, — Battle of ^lalvern Hill, 
July 1, 1862, — and several skirmishes on the retreat to Harrison's Landing; 
in the Defense of Washington, D. C, in command of works about Chain 
Bridge, Sep., 1862- Apr., 1863, and of divi.sion at Centn'ville, Va., Apr. -Aug. 
18()3; on Miiitai-y Commis.sions, Courts, »tc., at Wasliiiii^'ton, D. C., Aug., 
1863-Apr., 1864; in command of depots about Fredericksburg, Va., for distri- 
bution of troops, prisoners, sick, etc.. May, 1864,— and at the White House, Va., 
June, 1864, being engaged in its Defense against Hampton's Legion, June, 1864; 
(Mustkred out of Volunteeb Sebvice, June 24, 1864) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 239 



Number. 1822. . Class Eank. 

on leave of absence and awaiting orders, June 24, 1864, to Mar. 8, 1865; in 
(B\T. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Long and 

F^UTHFUL SER^•ICES IN THE ArMY) 

command of Ft. Schuyler, N. Y., Mar. 27, 1865, to Aug. 3, 1866; and on 

(Retired from Acttve Service, on his own Application, June 12, 1865) 
Court ilartial duty, Aug. 3, 1866, to 



323.. (Bom S. C.) SAMUEL "WRAGG (Ap'dS. C.)..38 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 
1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1822. 
Secont) Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1822. 
Served: in garrison at Baton Rouge, La., 1823; on Recniiting service, 1823; 
as Adjutant, 1st Infantry, at Regunental headquai-ters, Sep. 17, 1823, to Aug. 1, 
1825; and on Topographical duty, Apr. 28, 1826, to Nov. 27, 1828. 
Died, Nov. 27, 1828, at Pendleton, S. C. : Aged 25. 



324. .(Bom Ala.) DAVID MONIAC * (Ap'd Ala.). .39 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 18, 
181 7, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, Jcly 1, 1822. 
On authorized graduation leave of absence, July 1 to Dec. 31, 1822. 
Resigned, Dec. 31, 1822. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Military History.— Sen-ed in the Florida War, 1836, as 

Captain, Reg. Mounted Creek Volunteers, Aug. 17, 1836. 

Major, Reg. Mounted Creek Volunteers, Nov. 15, 1836, 

being engaged against the Seminole Indians in the Battle of Wahoo Swamp, 

Nov. 21, 1836, where, while crossing a difficult morass in face of the fire of the 

enemy posted on the op^josite bank, he was 

Killed, Nov. 21, 1836: Aged 34. 



325.. (Bom Ct) HENRY CLARK (Ap'd Ct.)..40 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 

1818, to July 1, 1822, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1822. 

Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1822. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. St. Anthonj-, Min., 1823-25,— Ft. Crawford, 

Wis., 1825-26,— Ft. Snelling, Min., 1826-27,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828,— 

(First Lieut., 5th Infantry, Aug. 16, 1828) 
Ft. Howard, Wis., 1828-29, —and Ft. Brady, Mich., 1829-30; and on Recruiting 
service, 1830. 

Died, Oct. 14j 1830, at Rochester, N. Y. : Aged 30. 



• Was a Creek Indian. 



210 GEADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. . 1823. Class Kane. 



CLASS OF 1823. 



326 (BomN. C.) ALFRED MORDECAI (Ap'd N. C. ) . . 1 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. IMilitary Academy from June 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Secontd Lieut., Corps of Engineeks, July 1, 1823. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July, 1, 1823. 

Served: at the MiHtary Academy, 1823-25, as Asst. Professor of Natural and 
Experimental Philosophy, July 1, 1823, to Sep. 1, 1821, — and Piincipal Asst. 
Professor of Engineering, Sep. 1, 1824, to July 12, 1825; as Asst. Engineer in 
the construction of Fts. Monroe and Calhoim, for the defense of Hampton 
Koads, Va., 1825-28; as Assistant to the Chief Engineer at Washington, D. C, 
1828-32 ; on Special duty -mth the Secretary of War, 1832; as Asst. Ordnance 

(Captain, Ordnance, May 30, 1832) 
Officer at Washington Arsenal, D. C, 1832-33, and in command, 1833; on 
leave of absence in Europe, 1833-31 ; in command of Frankford Arsenal, Pa.. 
1835-38 ; as Assistant to the Chief of Ordnance, Washington, D. C, 1838-42; 
as Member of the Ordnance Board, May 28, 1839, to Dec. 28, 18G0; as Asst. 
Inspector of Arsenals, 1842; in constructing Balistic Pendulums and on Foirn- 
dry duty, 1842-44; as Member of the Board of Visitors to the Military Acad- 
emy, 1843; in command of Washington Ai'senal, D. C, 1844-47 ; in preparing 
descriptions and drawings of the Artilleiy, for the United States Land Service, 
1847-48 ; in command of Washington Ai'senal, D. C, 1848-55; as Member of 
(BvT. Major, J*Iay 30, 1848, for ]\Ieritorious Conduct, particularly 

IN the PERFORMA.NCE OF HIS DUTIES IN THE PROSECUTION OF THE 

Wae -svith Mexico) 
(Major, Ordnance, Dec. 31, 1854) 

a " MiUtary Commission to the Crimea and theatre of war in Europe," 1855-57, 
his obsei-vations, i^articularly on Military Organization and Orcbiauce, having 
been published by order of Congress in 1860; in command of Watervhet Ai'se- 
nal, N. Y. , 1857-61 ; and Member of the Board ' ' to Revise the Programme of 
Instniction at the MUitarj' Academy," Jan. 12 to Apr. 24, 1860. 
Eesigned, May 5, 1861. 

Civil History. — Author of "Reports of Experiments on Gunpowder," 1845 
and 1849; of "ArtUleiy for the United States Land Ser\'ice, as devised and 
arranged by the Ordnance Board, with Plates," 1849; and of the "Ordnance 
Manual, for the use of the Officers of the United States Army" (Second Edi- 
tion), 1850. Asst. Engineer of the Mexico and Pacific Railroad, from Vera 
Cruz, through the city of Mexico, to the Pacific Ocean, since 1863. 



327. (Bom R. I.) GEORGE S. GREENE (Ap'd R. I. ) . . 2 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Aimy to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1823. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1823. 

Served: at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Sep. 21, 
1823, to June 16, 1824; at Ft. Monroe, Va., as Asst. Instnictor of Mathematics 
in the .(Vrtillery School for Practice, June 16 to Oct. G, 1824 ; at the Military 
Academy, 1824-27, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Oct. 6, 1824, to Aug. 29, 
1826, — and as Principal Afist. Professor of Engineering, Aug. 29, 1826, to Apr. 20, 
1827; on Ordnance duty, Apr. 20 to Nov., 1827; in ganison at Ft. Wolcott, 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 241 



Number. 1823. Class Rank, 

R. I., 1827-28,— Ft. Sullivan, Me., 1828-29,— and Ft. Independence, Mas., 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, !Mat 31, 1829) 

1829-30; on Recniiting service, 1830; in garrison at Ft. Sullivan, Me., 1831-35; 

on Ordnance duty, June 4 to Sep. 9, 1835; and on leave of absence, 1835-36. 

Resigned, June 30, 1836. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer, employed on various works in Massa- 
chusetts, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Maryland, 1830-47. Chief 
Engineer, Portland and Kennebec llailroiul, Mc, 1847-19, 1850-52. Engineer 
of location of Albany and Susquehanna Railroad, N. Y., 1852. Chief Engineer, 
Providence and Bristol Railroad, R. I., 1852-56. Engineer in charge of Cro- 
ton Water Works Extension, and of the Croton Reservoir in Central Park, 
New York city, 1860-62. 

Military History. -Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 
1862-66: in guarding communications between Baltimore, Md., and Wash- 
ington, D. C, June 27 to May 18, 1862; in Operations in the Shenandoah Val- 

(Colonel, 60th N. Y. Volunteers, Jan. 18, 1862) 
lej', May 18 to June 25, 1862, being engaged in several skii-mishes, — and the 

(Beig.-Gener.\l, U. S. Volunteers, Apr. 28, 1862) 
Action of Winchester, May 24, 1862 ; in the Northern Vu-ginia Campaign, July 
-Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Aug. 9, 1862, — 
and Skirmish near \Vhite Sulphur Spring, Aug. 24, 1862; in the Maiyland 
Campaign, Sep.-Oct, 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Autietam, Hep. 17, 
1862, — and Defense of Harper's Ferry, Sep. 18 to Oct. 10, 1862; on sick leave 
of absence, Oct. 10-30, 1862; in operations in Shenandoah Valley, and near 
the Potomac between Harper's Ferry and Aquia Creek, Nov. 1, 1862, to 
Apr. 26, 1863; in the Rappahannock Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Apr.- 
May, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Chancellorsville, May 2-4, 1863; in 
the Pennsylvania Campaign (Ai-my of the Potomac), June-July, 1863, being en- 
gaged in the Battle of Gettysburg, July 2-3, 1863, — and Pursuit of the enemy 
to Warrenton, Va., July, 1863; in guarding the Line of the Rappahannock, 
Aug. -Sep., 1863; in the movement of the 12th Army Corps to join the Army of 
the Cumberland, being in command of Murfreesboro, Oct. 7-23, 1863, — March 
to Lookout VaUey, Oct., 1863,— and Combat of Wauhatchie, Oct. 28, 1863, 
where he was severely wounded; on sick leave and in hospital, Oct. 29 to 
Dec. 9, 1863; on Court Martial duty, Dec. 9, 1863, to Jan. 25, 1865; in Oper- 
ations in North Carolina, being engaged, in the Action of Kinston, Mar. 10, 
1865, — and March to Goldsboro, Mar. 18-25, 1865; and in movement of Major- 
(BvT. Maj.-General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 13, 1865, for Gallant 
AND Meritorious Services during the Rebellion) 
General Sherman's Ai"my from Goldsboro, N. C. , to Washington, D. C. , Apr. 9 
toMaj' 19, 1865; in garrison in the defenses of Washington, D. C, May 20 to 
June 23, 1865; and on Coiu-t Martial duty, June 24, 1865, to Apr. 24, 1866. 
Mustered out or Volunteer Service, Ape. 30, 1866. 

Civil EKstory. — Engineer in chai-ge of the Croton Water Works Extension, 
and of the construction of the Reserve Reservoir in Putnam County, N. Y. , 
since May 1, 1866. 



328 (Bom N. Y.). . . GEORGE C. RICHARDS (Ap'dN. Y.). .3 

Militciry History. — Cadet at the U. S. ^Military Academy from June 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Arttllert, July 1, 1823. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1823. 
Served on Ordnance duty, Aug. 1, 1823, to Sep., 1825. 

Died, Nov. 22, 1825, at Paris, France: Aged 22. 
16 



242 GRADUATES OF THE 



Ntimbee. 1823. Class Eank. 



329. . (Born Ct.) REUBEN HOLMES (Ap'd Ct.) • .4 

Military History.— Cadot at the U. 8. ^Military Academy from J\ine 2-1, 

1815), to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai"my to 

Second Lieut., 6th iNFANTr^Y, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1823-25, — on 

Missoiu-i Exj^edition, 1825, — and Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1825-27; on Commissary 

(FiBST Lieut., Gth Infantry, Feb. 15, 1826) 
duty at St. Louis, Mo., 1827-32; as Col. Staflf (Chief of Quartermaster De- 
partment), of Illinois Volunteers, May 9 to Oct. 11, 1832, in the Campaign 
against the Sac Indians under " Black Hawk," being engaged in the Skirmish 
on the Mississippi Eiver, near the mouth of the Bad Axe, Aug. 1, 1832; on 

(Captain, 1st Dkagoons, Mae. 4, 1833) 
Commissary duty at St. Louis, DIo., 1832-33; and in garrison at Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Mo., 1833. 

Died, Nov. 4, 1833, at Jefteeson Baeeacks, Mo. : Aged 33. 



330. (Born N. C). SAMUEL U. SOUTHERLAND . . . . (Ap'd N. C). .5 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtaiy Academy fi-om June 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Artilleey, July 1, 1823. 
Served on Ordnance duty, Aug. 1, 1823, to July 15, 1824. 
Resigned, July 15, 1824. 

Civil History. — Physician and Planter in Alabama, 1826-36. 
Died, 1836: Aged 34. 



331.. (Bom Vt.) LUCIEN B. WEBSTER (Ap'dVt.)..6 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. MiUtary Academy from Aug. 28, 

1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

B'VT. Second Lieut., 3d Aetillery, July 1, 1823. 

Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, Aug. 1, 1823, to IMav, 1824: in garrison at Ft. 

Sullivan, Me., 1824-25, -Ft. Constitution. N. H., 1825-27, -Bellona Arsenal, 

Va., 1827-28,- and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School f.)r Practice-, 1828; at 

the Military Academy, 1828-34, as Asst Professor of Mathematics, Aug. 31, 

1828, to Aiig. 31, 1830, —and Quartermaster, Oct. 24, 1830, to June 26, 1834; 

(FiR.ST LuiUT., 1st Artilleuy, IMay 30, 1832) 
in garrison at Charieston harbor, S. C, 1834 36; in the Florida War. 1836-38, 
being on Quartermaster duty, 1836-37; in the Cherokee Nation, 1838, while 

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Sep. 30, 1836) 
emigrating the Indians to the West; on Maine Frontier, at Houlton, Me., 
1838 40, 1841-45, pending the " Disputed Territory " controversy; in garrison 
at Pensacola harbor, Fla., 1845 46; in ililitary Occuijation of Texas, at Ft. 
Brown, 1846; in the War with Mexico, 1846-48"^, bemg engaged in the Battle 
of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846, -and Battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 22-23, 1847; 
(BvT. Major, Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 

IN THE SEVERAL CoNFIJCTS AT MoNTEREY, MeX.) 



TJ. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 243 



Number. 1823. Class Eank. 

on Recruiting sen-ice, 1848; and in garrison at Ft. Mifflin, Pa., 1848-50,— 

(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Feb. '23, 1847, foe Gallant and Mef.itorious 

Conduct in the Battle of Buena Vista, Mex. ) 

(Major, 4th Artillery, Aug. 3, 1852) 

Baton Rouge, La., 1850-51,— and Now Orleans Barracks, La., 1851-52. 

Died, Nov. 4, 1853, at Fort Brown, Tex : Aged 52. 



332 . . (Bom Mis. ) FREDERICK L. GUION (Ap'd Ms. ) . . 7 

Militai-y History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Aug. 28, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, M'hen he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1823 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1823. 
Served on Ordnance duty, Aug. 1, 1823, to Apr., 1824. 
Deed, Apr.. 1824: Aged 23. 



333. . (Bom Pa.) GEORGE NAUMAN (Ap'd Pa.) . .8 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 

1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1823. 

Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on Ordnance dutv, Aug. 1, 1823, to Aug., 1824: in garrison at Ft. 

Sullivan, Me., 1824-25,— Ft.' Independence, Mas., 1825-26,— Ft. Monroe, Va. 

(Artillery School for Practice\ 1826-28,— and Fort Johnston, N. C, 1828; at 

the Militarv Academv, as Asst. Teacher of French, Sep. 14, 1828 to Aug. 31, 

1829; inga'n-ison at Ft. Monroe, Ya. (Artillery School for Practice), 1829-31, 

— Newbem, N. C, 1831,— BeUona Arsenal, Va., 1831-32,— and Newbern, N. C, 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, May 30, 1832) 
1832; on Ordnance duty, July 17. 1832, to July 14, 1835; in garrison at Ft. 
Macon, N. C, 1835-36 ; in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 
1836-38, being engaged in the Skirmish of Okihumphy Swamp, Mar. 30, 1836, 
— and Battle of Wahoo Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836: on Maine Frontier, atHoulton, 

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Feb. 4, 1837) 
Me, 1838^3, pending "Disputed Territorv" controversy; in garrison at Ft. 
Adams, K L, 18434.5,— Ft. Pickens, Fla.. 1845,— and Ft. Wood, La., 1845 46; 
in MiUtary Occupation of Texas, at Ft. Brown, 1846: in the War ■with Mexico, 
1846-48, being engaged in the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of 
Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847, —Skirmish of La Hoya, June 20, 1847,— Skir- 
(Bvt. M.AJOR, Ape. 18, 1847, for Gall\nt and Meritorious Conduct 
IN the Battle of Cerro Gordo, Mex) 
mish of Oka Laka, Aug. 16. 1847,— Battle of Contreras. Aug, 19-20. 1847,— 
Battle of Chm-ubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— Storming of Chapultepee, Sep. 13, 1847,— 
(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
IN THE Battles of Con-^reras and Churubusco, Mex.) 
Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1S47, where he was 
wounded, — and as Commissioner of Prizes at Vera Cruz, 1848; in garrison at 
Ft. McHemy, Md., 1848-50,— Ft. Washington, Md., 1850,— New Orleans Bar- 
racks, La.. 1850 51, — Pascagoula, ]\Iis., 1851, — and New Orleans Barracks, La., 
1851; on frontier duty at Ft. Brown, Tex., 1851-52; in gaiTison at Pascagoula, 
Mis., 1852,— New Orleans Barracks, La., 1852-53, — Pascagoula, Mis., 1853, — 



244 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1823. Class Rank. 

and New Orleans Barracks, La., 1853; on frontier duty at Ft. Mcintosh Tex., 

(Major, 3d Aktilleky, Dec. 24, 1853) 
1853-54; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1854; on frontier duty at Benicia, 
CaL, 1854-55,— Ft. Yuma, Cal., 1855,— Benicia, Cal, 1855-57,— Ft. Yuma, Cal., 
1858-59, — Inspector of Artillery of the Department of Oregon, 1859-60, — Ft. 
Vancouver, Wash., 1860, — San Francisco, Cal, 1860, — Insjiector of Artillery in 
the Department of Oregon and California, 1860, —and at San Francisco, Cal. . 
1860; and on leave of absence, 1860-61. 
Served during the Kebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-63: in command 
(Lieut. -Colonel, 1st Aktilleey, July 23, 1861) 
of the ArtUlery at Newport News, Va., Nov., 1861, to July, 1862; on sick leave 
of absence, and awaiting orders, July to Nov., 1862; and in gan-ison at Ft. 
Warren, Mas., Nov. 14, 1862, to Aug. 1, 1863. 

Died, Aug. 11, 1863, at Philadelphia, Pa. : Aged 60. 



334. (Bom D. C.) ALFRED BECKLEY (Ap'd Ky.) .9 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. MiUtaiy Academy from Sep. 25, 

1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Aetillery, Jx^lt 1, 1823. 

Second Leeut., 4th Artelleey, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on Ordnance duty, Oct. 1, 1823, to Apr. 5, 1824; in garrison at Ft. 

Monroe, Va. (Ai-tiUery School for Practice), 1824,— Ft. Marion, Fla., 1824^26, 

—and Ft. Monroe, Va. (ArtiUery School for Practice), 1826-27, 1827-28; on 

Ordnance duty, Mar. 6, 1828, to Dec. 31, 1833; in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, 

(First Lieut., 4th Aetilleey, July 31, 1831) 
N. Y., 1834-35; and' on Ordnance duty, Feb. 25 to Oct. 24, 1836. 
Resigned, Oct. 24, 1836. 

Civil History. — School Commissioner, 1837-50; Deputy Clerk of Superior 
and County Courts, 1838-50; Commissioner of Forfeited and Delinquent 
Lands, 1839-50; and Master Commissioner in Chancery, 1840-50, for Fayette 
County, Va. Clerk of Circuit Court of Law and Chancerj^ 1850-52, — and 
Superintendent of Common Schools, since 1850, for Raleigh County, Va. 
Director and Superintendent of construction of Giles, Fayette, and Kanawha 
Turnpike, 1840-49. State Director, 1851-60, and President, 1854-60, of Logan, 
Raleigh, and Monroe Turnpike, Va. Brig. -General, Virginia Militia, since 
1849. Residence, Raleigh C. H., Va. 



335 . . (Bom England). . . . FREDERIC SEARLE (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 10 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militai-y Academy from Sep. 14, 

1818, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Bvt. Second Lieut. , 1st Artillery, July 1, 1823. 

Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on Tof)ogi-aphical duty, Sep. 5, 1823, to Feb. 24, 1824, and June 11, 

1824, to Mar. 6, 1825; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for 

Practice), 1828, -and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1828-30; on Topographical duty. 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Aug. 20, 1831, to June 18, 1846) 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 245 



Number. 1823. Class JRank. 

Oct. 9, 1830, to June 18, 1832; ou the "Black Hawk Expedition," 1832, but 
not at the seat of war; in garrison at Ft. Cohinibus, N. Y., 1832-33, — Ft. 
Gratiot, Mich., 1833-34, -and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1834, 183o-3G; in Opera- 
tions in Creek Nation, 1836; in Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 
1836-39, as Captain Reg. Mounted Creek Volunteers, Sep. 1 to Dec. 1, 1836, — 
and Chief of Commissariat, 1836-38, being engaged in the Battle of Wahoo 
Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836,— Skirmish of Hatcheeluskee, Jan. 27, 1837,— Combat 
of Locha-Hatchee, Jan. 24, 1838,— and severelj' wounded, Nov. 25, 1839, fi-om 
(Capt. Staff — Asst. Quartebmaster, July 7, 1838) 
(BvT. Major, Nov. 25, 1839, for Gallantry and Good Conduct 
ON Several Occasions in the War against the 
Florida Indians) 
an Ambush on the road between St. Augustine and Picolata; and on sick leave 
of absence, 1839-53, being disabled by his wound. 

Died, July 19, 1853, at Sulphur Springs, Va. : Aged 50. 



336. .(Bom S. C). .. .RICHARD DE TREVILLE (Ap'd S. C. ) . . 11 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 

1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1823. 

Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1823. 

Served on Ordnance duty, Aug. 1, 1823, to Dec. 23, 1824. 

Resigned, Apr. 30, 1825. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, Beaufort, S. C, 1825-54, and since 
1854 at Charleston, S. C. Member of the Hoase of Representatives of the 
State of South Carolina, 1830-32; and of the Senate, 1834-54. Presidential 
Elector of the State of South Carohna, 1844. Member of the Board of 
Visitors, to the ilihtary Academy, 1854. Lieut.-Governor of the State of South 
Carohna Dec. 11, 1854, to Dec. 10, 1856. Major, South Carolina Militia, 
1828,— Lieut. -Colonel, 1828-33,— and Colonel, 1833-36. Residence, Charles- 
ton, S. C. 



337. .(Bom Pa.) ANDREW KINNARD (Ap'd Pa.). .12 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1823. 
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1823. 
Sei-ved: at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Chemistry, Miner- 
alogy, and Geology, Aug. 22 to Oct. 10, 1823; ou Ordnance duty, Oct. 15, 
1823, to Apr., 1824; and in gaii-ison at Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1824-25,— 
Ft. Independence, Mas., 1825-26, — Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for 
Practice), 1826-28,— Ft. Johnston, N. C, 1828,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1828,— 
and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Ai-tillery School for Practice), 1829-30. 
Resigned, Oct. 31, 1830. 

Civil History. — UnknowTi. 

Died, 1831, in Al.ujama: Aged 28. 



246 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1823. Class Eank. 

338 . . (Bom Mas. ) GEORGE W. WATERS (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 13 

Milit2iry History.— Cadet at the U. S. IVIilitary Academy from June 24, 

181'J, to July 1, l«2;j, when he was gi-adimted and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on frontier dnty at Ft, Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1823-25, — on 

]\Iissouri Expedition, 1825, — Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1825-27; ingamson at Jefferson 

(First Lieut., 6th Infantry, Feb. 15, 1826) 
Barracks, Mo., 1827-29; and on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 
1829, — on Expedition to Upper Arkansas Eiver, 1829, — Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 
1829-34,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1834-36,— Ft. Jesup, La., 1836,— and Camp 

(Captain, 6th Infantry, Mar. 4, 1833) 
Sabine, La. , 1836 ; and on leave of absence, 1836-37. 
Kesigned, Apr. 30, 1837. 

Civil History.— Farmer, near St. Louis, Mo., 1837-46. 

Died, 1846, near St. Louis, Mo. : Aged 46. 



339. .(Bom Mas.) JOHN FARLEY (Ap'd Mich.). .14 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. IMihtary Academy from June 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1823. 
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1823. 
Served: on Topographical duty, Aug. 21, 1823, to May 21, 1828 ; on leave of 
absence in Europe, 1828-29; on Ordnance duty. May 1, to Aug. 6, 1829; on En- 
gineer duty, Aug. 6, 1829, to Dec. 1, 1832 ; in garrison at Charleston harbor, 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Aug. 1, 1832) 
S. C. 1832-34, during South Carolina's threatened nullification, — and at 
Ft. Monroe, Va., 1834-35 ; and in Florida, 1835. 

Eesigned, Feb. 29, 1836. 

Civil History. — Assistant in the Geodetic Survey of the Atlantic Coast of 
the United States, since Apr. 1, 1837. 



340. .(Born N. H.) LEVI M. NUTE (Ap'd N. H.). .15 

Military History. —Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 16, 1819, 

to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut.', 6th Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1824-25, -on 

Missouri Expedition, 1825,— and at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1825 26; on Recruiting 

(First Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 7, 1826) 
service, 1826-29 ; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1829-30, -Ft. Leav- 
enworth, Kan., 1830-32,— Jefferson Barrack.s, Mo., 1833-35,— Ft. Jesup, La., 

(CAPT.UN, 6th Inf.vntry, July 31, 1836) 
1836,— and Camp Sabine, La., 1836; and on Recruiting service, 1836-37. 
Resigned, Jan. 31, 1838. 

Civil History.— On Kendall's Santa F6 Expedition, 1843. 

Deed, July, 1846, at Point Isabel, Tex. : Aged 46. 



D. S. MILITAKY ACADEMY. 247 



Number. 1823. Class Rank. 



341. (Born Pa.) MARK W. BATMAN (Ap'dPa.). .16 

MUitaiy History. -Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from June 24, 

181!), to July 1, 1(S23, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1823-2.'j, — on 

Missouri Expedition, 1825, — and Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1825-2G ; on Recruiting 

(FiKST Lieut., 6th Infantry, Dec. 20, 1826) 
sei-vice, 1826-28 ; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828-31: on Recruit- 
ing service, 1831-33; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1833-34; on 
Indian service, Oct. 1, 1834, to May 13, 1836; on Quartermaster duty in Creek 

(Captain, 6th Infantry, Nov. 16, 1836) 
Nation, 1836; on frontier dutv at Camp Sabine, La., 1837; and in Emigrating 
Indians, May 31 to July 31, 1837. 

Died, July 31, 1837, at Mount Vernon Arsenal, Axa. : Aged 38, 



342 . . (Bom Del.) LORENZO THOMAS (Ap'd Del. ) . . 17 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was gi-aduated and jsromoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1823. 
Sei-ved: in garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1824,— and at Ft. St. Marks, 
Fia., 1824 ; in constracting Military Road to St. Augustine, Fla., 1824-25 ; in 
garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1825; in Creek Nation, Ga., 1825-26; in 
garrison at Cantonment Clinch. Fla., 1826, 1827-28; as Adjutant, 4th Infantry, 
at Regimental headquarters. Mar. 1, 1828, to Feb. 15, 1831; on Recruiting ser- 

(FiEST Lieut., 4th Infantry, Mar. 17, 1829) 
vice, 1831-33; in Adjutant-General's Office at Washington, D. C, June 5, 1833, to 
Sep. 3, 1836; in the Florida War, 1836-37, doing Qimrtermaster duty; in the 

(Capt.un, 4th Infantry, Sep. 23, 1836) 
Quartermaster-General's Office at Washington, D. C, Oct. 16, 1837, to July 7, 

(AssT. Quartermaster, Sep. 3, 1836, to July 7, 1838) 
1838; as Chief of Staff of the Army in Florida, Dec. 2, 1839, to May 10, 1840; 

(BvT. Major Staff — Asst. Adjutant-Gen., July 7, 1838) 
as Asst. Adjutant-General, at Washington, D. C. , 1840-46 ; as Member of the 
Board of Visitors to the Military Academy, 1844; in the War with Mexico, as 
Chief of Staff of Major-General Butler, commanding Volunteer Division, 
Aug. 25, 1846, to Feb. 19, 1848, and the Army of Mexico, Feb. 19 to Jime 2L 
1848, being engaged in the Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846; as Asst. 
(BvT. Lleut.-Col., Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
IN the several Conflicts at Monterey, Mex. ) 
Adjutant-General at the Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C, 

(M.\J0R, 4th Infantry, Jan. 1, 1848: Vacated, Jan. 1, 1848) 
July 10, 1848, to Mar. 15, 1853; and as Chief of Staff of Lieut. -General Scott 

(Lieut. -Col. Staff— As.st. Adjutant-Gen., July 18, 1852) 
General-in-Chief \ Mar. 15, 1853, to Mar. 7 1861. 

Served during the Reliellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: in charge oi 

the Adjutant-General's Office, Wasliington, D. C, Mar. 7, 1861, to Mar. 23, 

(Col. Staff— Asst. AnjuT.iNT-GENERAL, 'Mas.. 7, 1861) 

(Bvt. Brig. -General, U. S. Arjiy, May 7, 1861) 

(Brig. -Gen. Staff— Adjutant-General of theU. S. Army, Aug. 3, 1861) 



248 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 18:23. Class Kank. 



1863; in organizing Colored Troops, Mar. 23, 18G3, to Aug. 18, 1805; on Mili- 
(BvT. Maj. -General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and 
Meritorious Services during the Rebellion) 
taiy Commission at Washington, D. C, Aug. 18 to Nov. 6, 1865; and in veait- 
ing orders, Nov. 6, 1865, to Sep. 3, 1866; on tour of inspection of the business 
relating to the Provost Marshal General's Office, Sep. 3 to Nov. ID, 1866 ; in 
waiting orders, Nov. 19, 1866, to May 6, 1867; on tour of inspection of the 
National Cemeteries, May 6, 1867, to 



343. (Born Ct.) JULIUS J. B. KINGSBURY (Ap'd Ct. ) . . 18 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 

1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Sei-ved: in garri.son at Ft. Brady, Mich., 1823-28; on Eecruiting service, 

1828-30; in garrison at Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1830-31,— and Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 

(First Lieut. , 2d Infantry, Sep. 13, 1831) 
1831-32; on the "Black Hawk Expedition," 1832, but not at the seat of wai"; 
in garrison at Ft. Dearborn, 111.. 1832-33,— Ft. Brady, Mich., 1833,— Sault St. 
Marie, Mich., 1833, — and Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1833-35; on Indian service, 
May 27, 1836, to Apr. 1, 1837; in gam-ison at Hancock Barracks, Me., 1837-38; 

(Captain, 2d Infantry, Feb. 13, 1837) 
in the Florida War, 1838-40, 1841-42; in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 
1842-45,— Ft. Brady, Mich., 1845-46; in the War with Mexico, 1846-47, being 
engaged in the Siege of Vera Critz, Mar. 9-29, 1847, — Battle of Cerro Gordo, 
Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Skirmish of Oka-Laka, Aug. 16, 1847,— Battle of Contreras, 
Aug. 19-20, 1847,— Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— Battle of Molmo 
(BvT. Major, Aug. 20, 1847, for G.^llant and Meritorious Conduct 
IN THE Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mex. ) 
del Eey, Sep. 8, 1847, — and Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico, 
Sep. 13-14, 1847; on detached service, 1847-18; in gamson at Ft. Hamilton, 
N. Y., 1848; on voyage to Cahfornia, 1848-49; on frontier duty at San Diego, 

(Major, 6th Infantry, May 7, 1849) 
Cal., 1849; and absent from duty, 1849-53. 

Dismissed, Jan. 27, 1853, for Absence from Duty without Authority. 

Civil HLstory. — Unknown. 

Died, June 26, 1856, at Washington, D. C. : Aged 55. 



344. (BomD. C.) GEORGE ANDREWS (Ap'dD.C.)..19 

Miiitciry History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 

1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Sei-ved: on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, Io.,1823-25, — andon 

Missouri Expediticm, 1825; on Kecruiting service, 1825 26; on Topographical 

duty. May 16, 1826, to Mar. 1, 1827; in gari-ison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 

(First Lieut., 6th Inf-^ntry, Feb. 11, 1827) 

1827-31; on Eecruiting service, 1831-33; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, 

Mo., 1833-35; on Eecruiting service, 1835-37; in the Florida War against the 

(Captain, 6th Infantry, Dec. 31, 1836i 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 249 



NuMBEB. 1823. Class Rank. 

Seminole Indians, 1837-38, being engaged in the Battle of Okee-cho-bee, 
Dec. 25, 1837, where he was severely wounded; on Becruiting service, 
(BvT. JMajoe, Dec. 2.5, 1837, for G.axlantky and Good Conduct in the 
War against the Florida Indians) 
1838-40; on Commissary duty, 184G; in the Florida War, 1840-42; on fron- 
tier duty at Ft Towsou, I. T., 1842-43, 18 13-45, —and Ft. Washita, I. T., 
1845^8; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1848-49; in Florida Hostili- 

(Major, 7th Infantry, Aug. 14, 1848) 
ties, 1849-50; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1850-51; on frontier 
duty at Ft Gibson, I. T., 1851-52,— Ft Smith, Ai-k., 1852-53,— Ft Arbuckle, 
I. T., 1854-55, — and on Sioux Expedition, 1855-56; in gamson at Jefferson 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 6th Infantry, Oct. 18, 1855) 
Barracks, Mo., 1856; in quelling Kansas Distm-bances, 1856-58; on Utah Ex- 
pedition, 1858; in garrison at San Francisco, Cal., 1858-59; on detached 
service at Louisville, Ky., 1859-60; in gam-ison at Benicia, Cal., 1860-61; on 
frontier duty at Ft Chuichill, Nev., 1861; in garrison at Benicia, Cal., 1861; 
on fi'ontier duty at Ft Yuma, Cal, 1861; and unemployed since Feb. 15, 1862. 
Retired from Active Service, Feb. 15, 1862, foe Disability 

RESULTLNQ FROM LONG AND FaITHFUL SERVICE, AND WOUNX) 
RECEIVED IN THE LiNE OF DUTY. 



345.. (Bom N.Y.).... RICHARD D. C. COLLINS (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 20 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 14. 
1818, to July 1, 1823, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1823. 
Served: in gamson at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1823-24, — Cantonment 
Brooke, Fla., 1824-28,— St Augustine, Fla., 1828,— and Cantonment Brooke, 
Fla., 1828-30; in Cherokee Nation, 1830; on Quartermaster duty, 1830-36,— at 
(First Lieut., 4th Infantry, Nov. 3, 1829) 
(AsST. QUARTERILVSTER, OcT. 15, 1830, TO Nov. 21, 1836) 
Ft Mitchell, Ala., 1830-31,— New Orleans, La., 1831,— constructiag Road from 
Washington to Jackson, Ai-k., 1831-33,— Little Rock, Ai'k., 1833,— Ft Gib- 
son, L T., 1833-34, Little Rock, Ai-k., 1834-36,— and Ft. Gibson, L T., 1836; 

(Capt-vin, 4th Infantry, Nov. 2, 1836) 
and in emigrating Indians, Feb. 9, 1837, to Jnly 5, 1839. 

Dis>nssED, Feb. 24, 1841, under Sec 3 of Law of Jan. 31, 1823. 
Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 1841, at Little Rock, Ark. : Aged 40. 



346 . . (Bom Del. ) WILLIAM REYNOLDS (Ap'd Del. ) . . 21 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and i^romoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on Recruiting service, 1824; as Acting Asst. Adjutant-General of 

Western DeiDartment 1824-25; in garrison at Oantonment Clinch, Fla., 

1826-27,— and New Orleans, La., 1827-28; and on frontier duty at Ft Craw- 

(FiRST Lieut., 1st Infantry, May 1, 1829) 
ford. Wis., 1828,— and Ft SnelUng, Min., 1829-30. 
Resigned, Aug L, 1830. 
Cwil History.— 

Died, 1830, on the Ohio River: Aged 25. 



250 GBADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1823. Class Eank. 



347. . (Bom N. Y.) JOSEPH R. SMITH (Ap'd N. Y.). 22 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., 2d Infantky, July 1, 1823. 
Served: in garrison at the Sault St. Marie, Mich., 1823-25; on Eecruitmg 
service, 1825-26; on Topogra^jhical duty, Apr. 4, 1826, to June 25, 1828; in 
garrison at Hancock Barracks, Me., 1828-29, — and Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 
1829-31, 1831-32; on "Black Hawk Expedition," 1832, but not at the seat of 

(FiEST Lieut., 2d Infantry, Mae. 22, 1832) 
war; in garrison at Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1832-33, — and Ft. Brady, Mich, 
1833-35; as Adjutant, 2d Infantry, at Regimental headquarters, Sep. 17, 1835, 
to May 8, 1838; in the Florida War, 1837-38; on Recruiting service, 1838-39; 

(Captatn, 2d Infantry, Apr. 26, 1838) 
in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1839-42, bemg engaged in 
the Attack of Hawe Creek Camp, Jan. 25, 1842; in garrison at Sackett's Har- 
bor, N. Y., 1842-46,— and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1846; in the War \\ith Mexico, 
1846^7, being engaged in the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle 
of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Skirmish of Oka Laka, Aug. 16, 1847,— 
(BvT. Major, Apr. 18, 1847, foe Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
in the Battle of Cerro Gordo, Mex. ) 
Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19-20, 1847,— and Battle of Chunibusco, Aug. 20, 
1847, where he was severely (twice) wounded; in gaii-ison at Sackett's Har- 
(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., Aug. 20, 1847, for Gall.\nt and Meritorious Contjuct 
IN THE Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mex. ) 
bor, N. Y., 1848-50; on Recruiting service, 1850-51; and on sick leave of 

(Major, 7th Infantry, June 11, 1851) 
absence, 1851-62. 

Retired from Active Service, Sep. 25, 1861, for Disability resulting 

FROM Wounds received in Battle. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1862-66: as Mustering 

and Disbursing Officer for the State of Michigan, Jan. 3, 1802, to June 11, 

1864; as Military Commander of the District of Michigan, Oct., 1862, to 

June 11, 1864; as Asst. Commissary of Musters of Northern Department, 

June 11, 1864, to June 27, 1865, — and of the Department of the Ohio, 

(Bvt. Colonel, Ape. 9, 1865, for Meritoeious Seevices 

dueing the rebellion) 

June 27 to Nov. 25, 1865; and as Commissary of Musters, Department of the 

(Bvt. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, Ape. 9, 1865, foe Long and 

Faithful SEEv^cEs) 

Ohio, Nov. 25, 1865, to Aug. 6, 1866,— and of the Department of the Lakes, 

Aug. 6, 1866. 



348. (Born Vt.) HANNIBAL DAY* (Ap'd Vt. ) . . 23 

Military History.— Cadot at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 

1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 2d Inpantey, July 1, 1823. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Brady, Mich., 1823-28; on Topogi-aphical duty, 

June 14, 1828, to Dec. 7, 1831; in' garrison at Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1832,— and 

(Fekst Lieut., 2d Infantry, Apr 4, 1832) 
Ft. Dearborn, lU., 1832; in the "Black Hawk Expedition," 1832, but not al 

• Was the son of l)r. Sylvester Day, Aeet. Surgeon, U. S. Army. 



U. S. MILITABY ACADEMY. 251 



Number. 1S23. Class Rank. 



the seat of wiir; in gan-ison at Ft. Dearborn, Dl., 1832-33, — Hancook Bar- 
racks, Me., 1833-30, — and Ft. Independence, Mas., 183G; on Recrniting ser- 
vice, 183G-38; in the Florida Wai-, 1838-39; on sick leave of absence, 1839-41; 

(CAPT.\rS, 2d INF.VNTKT, JuLY 7, 1838) 
in the Florida War. 1841-12; in garrison at Buffalo. N. Y., 1812-44. 1844-45, 
—and Detroit, Mich., 1845-46; in the War with Mexico, 184G-47, at Tampico; 
on Reci-uiting service, 1847-48; in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1848; on 
voyage to California, 1848-49; on frontier duty at Sutersville, Cal., 1849, — 
Bear Creek, Gxl., 1849,— Camp Far West, Cal., 1850-51,— and Benicia, Cal., 

(Major, 2d Infantry, Feb. 23, 1852) 
1852-53; in garrison at Jeffer.son Barracks, Mo., 1854; and on frontier dutv at 
Ft. Ridgelv, Min., 1854-55,— Ft. Riplev, Min., 1855-56,— Ft. RandaU, Dak., 
1856-58,— Ft. Laramie, Dak., 1859-60,— and Ft. Abercrombie, Dak., 1860-61. 
(Lieut. -Colonel, 2d Infantry, Feb. 25, 1861) 
Sers'ed during the RebelUon of the Seceding States, 1861-66: in command 
of 2d Infanti-y, at Gepi-getown, D. C, Aug. 10 to Dec. 16, 1861; on Recruit- 
ing service, Dec. 16, 1861, to June 28, 1863; in command of brigade, 5th 

(Colonel, 6th Intantrt, Jan. 7, 1862) 
CoqDS (Anny of the Potomac"), in the Pennsylvania Campaign, Jvme 28 to July, 
1863, being engaged in the Battle of Gettysbm-g, July 2-3, 1863. — and march 
to Wai'renton, Va., July, 1863; in command of Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., Aug. 1, 
(Retired from Acthe Service, Aug. 1, 1863, " on his ow-n Application, 
after Forty Consecutive Years of Service") 
1863, to June 8, 1864; and on Military Commissions and Courts Martial since 
July 25, 1864. 

Bvt. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, Mae. 13, 1865, for Long 
ANTD Faithful Services in the Army. 



349 . . (Born ]Md. ) HENRY R. STEWART ( Ap'd D. C. ) . . 24 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. ililitary Academy from Sep. 28, 
1818, to July 1. 1823, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Serv-ed in gamson at Bellefontaine, Mo., 1824, — Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1824-26, 
—and Jefferson Ban-acks, Mo., 1826-28. 

Resigned, July 14, 1828. 
Civil History. — Unknown. 



350. (Bom N. J.) ELIAS PHILLIPS (Ap'd N. J.). .25 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtarj' Academy £i-om July 1, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1823. 
Ser^-ed: in garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1824; in con.structing Mili- 
tjiry Road to St. Augustine, Fla., 1824-25; in Creek Nation. Ga., 1825-26 ; in 
garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1826-27: in opening Military Road from 
Georgia Line to Smyrna, Fla., 1827-28; on Recruiting service, 1828-31; in 

(First Lieut., 4th Infantry, Mar. 30, 1831) 
garrison at Ft. jMitchell, Ala., 1831-33,— and Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1833 ; and 
in Operations in Cherokee Nation, 1833-35. 

Resigned, Jan. 31, 183G. 
Civil History.— Manufacturer, near Pittsburgh, Pa., 1836-52. 
Died, Sep. 11, 1856, near Pittsburg, Pa. : Aged 57. 



252 GEADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1823. Class Bank. 

351. .(Bom N. J.) JOSEPH A. PHILLIPS (Ap'd N. J.). .26 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 30, 
1818, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., 7th Intantky, July 1, 1823. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, I; T., 1824-25; as Adjutant, 7th In- 
fantry, at Regimental headquarters, May 16, 1825, to May, 1830; on frontier 

(Fikst Lieut., 7th Infantry, June 30, 1828) 
duty at Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1830; on Recriiiting service, 1830-32; on Commis- 
saiy duty, subsisting Indians, Aug. 30, 1832, to July 28, 1834; at the Mihtaiy 
Academ3% 1834-35, as Asst. Instructor of Inlautry Tactics, Feb. 13 to June 26, 
1834, — and Quai'termaster, June 26, 1834, to May 25, 1835 ; on frontier duty 

(Captain, 7th Infantey, May 4, 1835) 
at Ft. Gibson, L T., 1835-36, —Camp Desire, near Ft. Towson, L T., 1836; in 
emigrating Indians, Oct. 11, 1836, to Sep. 6, 1838 ; on Northern Frontier dur- 

(Teansfeeked to 8th Infantey, July 7, 1838) 
ing Canada Border Disturbances, at Watertown, N. Y., 1838-39, — andSackett's 
Harbor, N. Y., 1839; on Recruiting service, 1839; and in garrison at Jefferson 
Barracks, Mo., 1840. 

Resigned, Sep. 30, 1840. 

Civil History. — 

Died, Jan. 4, 1846, at Quincy, III. : Aged 41. 



352. .(Bom Vt.) ASA RICHARDSON (Ap'd Vt. ) . . 27 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'my to 
Second Lieut., 6th Infantey, July 1, 1823. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1823-27; in 
(FiEST Lieut., 6th Infantey, M.\.y 1, 1827) 
garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1827-30; on Recruiting service, 1830-31; 
in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1831-32; in the "Black Hawk" War 
against the Sac Indians, 1832, being unnaLjod in tlie Battle of Bad Axe River, 
Aug. 2, 1832; and on frontier duty at JetlVrsini Biuuacks, Mo., 1832-33,— Ft 
Leavenworth, Kan., 1833-34, — and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1834-35. 
Died, Ape. 18, 1835, at Jeffeeson Baeeacks, Mo. : Aged 35. 



353. (Bom N. C.) JOHN E. NEWELL (Ap'd N. C.)..28 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 

1818, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Infantey, July 1, 1823. 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantey, July 1, 1823. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1824 26,— and Ft. Jesup, La., 

1826-27; on Commissary duty at Natchitoches, La., 1827; on frontier duty at 

Ft. Jesup, La., 1827-28,— Ft. Towson, I. T., 1828-29,— Ft. Jesup, La., 1829-30, 

(FiEST Lieut., 7th Infantry, Nov. 10, 1829) 
- -Calcasie, 1830, -Cantonment Atkinson, Neb., 1830-31,— Little Rock, Ark., 
1831,— and Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1831-32; and on Recruiting service, 1832-34. 
Died, Mae. 26, 1835, at Carlisle, Pa. : Aged 35. 



MILITAllY ACADEMY, 253 



Number. 1823. Class Eank. 

354. (Born Ct.) JOHN NICHOLLS (Ap'd Ct.)..29 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 1818, 

to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 4xh Infantky, July 1, 1823. 

Second Lieut., Gth Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Served: in garrison at Cantonment Chnch, Fla., 1823-24; on frontier duty at 

Ft. Atkinson, Council Blufls, lo., 1824-27; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, 

(FiKST Lieut., Cth Infantry, Oct. 31, 1827) 
Mo., 1827-30,— and Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1830-32; in the "Black Hawk" 
War, 1832; and in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1832-34. 

Dismissed, May 6, 1835, for Unofficer-like Conduct. 

Civil History. — Merchant, lUinois, 18 — to 18 — . 
Died, 18—. 



355 . (Bom Mas. ) GEORGE H. CROSMAN (Ap'd Mas. ) ... 30 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Sep. 1, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1823. 
Second Lieut., 6th Inf.4.ntry, July 1, 1823. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1823,— Ft. Howard, Wis., 
1823-24,— Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1824-25,— on Yellow Stone Expe- 
dition, 1825, — and at Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1825-26; in garrison at Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Mo., 1826-27; on Commissary duty, 1827-30; on Quartermaster duty in 
(First Lieut. , 6th Infantry, Aug. 30, 1828) 
(Asst. Quartermaster, Oct. 15, 1830, to July 7, 1838) 
Choctaw Nation, Mis., 1830-31,— Vicksburg, Mis., 1831-32. —Jefferson Barracks, 
Mo., 1832,— "Black Hawk" War, 1832,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1832-34,— 
Ft. Des Moines, lo., 1834, — -Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., and paying annuities to 
various Indian tribes, 1835, — Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1835-36, — Ft. Jesup, 
La., 1836,— Camp Sabine, La., 1836,— New Orleans, La., 1836,— Creek Nation, 
183G,— Florida War, as Chief Quartermaster, 1836-37,— Cincinnati, O., 1837-39, 
Captain, 6th Infantry, Ape. 30, 1837, to June 18, 1846) 
(Capt. Staff — Asst. Quartermaster, July 7, 1838) 
—Boston, Mas., 1839-40,— settling military claims in Florida, 1840-41,— Bos- 
ton, Mas., 1841-45, — in Mihtary Occupation of Texas, as Chief Quartermaster, 
1845-46,— in the War with Mexico, 1846-47, being engaged in the Battle of 
Palo Alto, May 8, 1846,— Philadelphia, Pa., 1847-56, being in charge of the 
(BvT. Major, May 8, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
IN the Battle of Palo Alto, Tex. ) 
(Major Staff —Quartermaster, Mae. 3, 1847) 
Quartermaster Depot and Office of Anny Clothing and Equipage, at Schuylkill 
Arsenal,— St. Louis, Mo., 1856-58, as Chief Quartermaster,— and Qmu'termaster 

(Lieut. -CoL. Staff — Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Dec. 22, 1856) 
of the Department of Utah, May 27, 1858, to Sep. 18, 1860. 

Served during the EebelHon of the Seceding States, 1861-66: as Chief 
Quartermaster of the Department of Pennsylvania, and the Shenandoah, Apr. 
29 to Aug. 24, 1861 ; in charge of the Quartermaster's Department at Philadel- 
phia, Pa., and Depot of Clothing and Ejuipige, Schuylldll Arsenal, Sep. 27, 
1861, to Aug. 27, 1861; in the preparation for publication of a " Manual for the 
(CoL. Staff— Asst. Quartermastee-Gen., Feb. 26, 1863) 



254 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1S23. Class Eane. 



Quartermaster's Department," Sep. 20, 1864, to Mar. 10, 1866; as Depot Quar- 

(BvT. Brig.-Gexeeax,, and Bvt. Maj.-Geker.al, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, 

FOR FArrHFUL AND Mehitorjous Services during the Rebelliox) 

termaster at Philadelphia, Pa., Mar. 10, 1866, to , — and as 

Chief Quartermaster, Department of the East, Aug. 27, 1866, to 

Ketired from AcTrv'E Service, July 29, 1866, under the Law or 
July 17, 1862, he being over "the Age of 62 Years." 



356.. (Bom N. Y.) CHARLE3 HOLT (Ap'd N. Y.)..31 

Military BKstory.— Cadet at the U. S. ]\Iilitaiy Academy from Sep. 1, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1823. 
Second Lieut. , 1st Infantry, July 1, 1823. 
Served in gan-ison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1823-24, — and at Ft. St. 
Phihp, La., 1824. 

Died, Sep. 14, 1824, at Ft. St. Philip, La. : Aged 23. 



357. .(Born Mas.) JOHN W. COTTON (Ap'dMas.). .32 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Jime 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-raj'- to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, JulyI, 1823. 
Second Lieut., 3d Inf.antry, July 1, 1823. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. St. Anthony, Min., 1823-24, --and Ft. How- 
ard, Wis., 1824 25; on Kecruiting service, 1825-26; on frontier duty at Jefferson 
Barracks, Mo., 1826-28,— Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1828-29,— Jefferson Bar- 

(FiRST Lieut., 3d Inf.\.ntry, Oct. 4, 1827) 
racks. Mo., 1829 -30, —Choctaw Nation, 1830-31, -and Ft. Jesup, La., 1831-35; 
on sick leave of absence, 1835-37; on frontier duty at Ft. Towson, I. T., 

(Captain, 3d Infantry, Nov. 15, 1836) 
1837-39; on Eecruiting service, 1839-42; in gaiiison at Ft. Stansbuiy, Fla., 
1842-43, — and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1843-44; and on frontier duty at Ft. 
Jesup (Camp WUkins), La., 1844-45. 

Resigned, Nov. 3, 1845. 

Civil History. — Sutler to 3d Infantry, 1845-47. Superintendent of Schools, 
Bellevue, "Wis., since 1855. President of Brown County, Wis., Agricultural 
Society, since 1858. Farmer, Green Bay, Wis., since 1848. 



358.. (Bom Va.) EDMUND B. ALEXANDER ( Ap'd Ky. ) . . 33 

MilitEiry History —Cadet at the IT. S. Military Academy from Oct. 6, 

1818, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and jsromoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Leeut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Second Likxtt., 3d Infantky, July 1, 1823. 

Served': on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bhiffs, lo., 1824; in 

garrison at Detroit, Mich., 1824-25, —Green Bay, Wis., 1825-26,— Jefferi^on 

Barracks, Mo., 1826-27,— and Ft. Armstrong, ill., 1828-29; on Recruiting 

(FiEST Lieut., 3d Inf.vntry, Dec. 29, 1827) 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 255 



Number. 1823. Class Rank. 

service, 1829-30; on frontier duty at Jeflferson BaiTacks, Mo., 1830, — Natchi- 
toches, La., 1830-31, — and Ft. Towson, I. T., 1831-35; on Quartermaster 
duty at Ft. Towson, L T., 1833 34,— Ft. Jesup, La., 1834-35,— Ft. Towson, 

(ASST. QUAETERMASTER, DeC. 6, 1833, TO JuLY 7, 1838) 

I. T., 1835,— Ft. Jesup, La., 1835-38,— Ft. Smith, Ark., 1839,— Ft. Towson, 

(Capt. Staff— Asst. Quartermaste:i, July 7, 1838, to June 18, 1846) 

(Captain, 3d Infantry, July 7, 1838) 

L T., 1840,— Ft. Jesup, La., 1840,— Ft. Towson, L T., 1840,— Ft. Smith, Ark., 

1840-43,— Washington, D. C, 1844,— and Ft. Smith, Ark., 1844-46; in the 

Warmth Mexico, 1846-48, being engaged in the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 

1847,— Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Skirmish of Oka Laka, 

(BvT. Major, Apr. 18, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 

IN THE Battle of Cerro Gordo, Mes. ) 

Aug. 16, 1847,— Battle of Contreras, Aug. 19-20, 1847,— Battle of Churubusco, 

Aug. 20, 1847, — Storming of Chapfctepec, Sep. 13, 1847, — and Assault and 

(BvT. Lieut. -Col, Aug. 20, 1847, for G.vll.\nt and Meritorious Conduct 

IN TRE Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mex. ) 

Captui'e of the City of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847; in garrison at Jefferson 

Barracks, Mo., 1848-49; on frontier duty, on march to New Mexico, 1849, — ■ 

Santa Fe, N. M., 1849-50,— Las Vegas, N. M., 1850-51,— Ft. Union, N. M., 

(Major, 8th Infantry, Nov. 10, 1851) 
1851-52,— Ft. M'Kavett, Tex., 1853,— March to El Paso, 1853,— and Ft. Bhss, 
Tex., 1854-55; in garrison at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 1855; on frontier duty 

(Colonel, 10th Infantry, M.ui. 3, 1855) 
at Ft. Snelling, Min., 1855-56,— Ft. Ridgely, Min., 1856-57,— and Utah 
Expedition, 1857-58; on leave of absence, 1858-60; and on fi-ontier duty at 
Ft. Laramie, Dak., 1860-62,— and Ft. Kearny, Neb., 1862-63. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1863-66 : as Acting 
Asst. Provost Marshal General, Superintendent of Volunteer Recruiting 
Service, and Chief Mustei'ing and Disbursing Oiiicer for the State of Missouri, 
headquarters, St. Louis, Mo., May 1, 1863, to Apr. 25, 1866; in command of 
10th Infantry at Ft. Suelhng, Min., May, 1866, to 

BvT. Brig. -General, U. S. Arjiy, Oct. 18, 1865, for Meeitoeious 

Services in th:e Recruitment of the Armies 

OF THE United States. 



359. . (Bom Ten.) ALBERT S. MILLER (Ap'd Ten.). .34 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Nov. 6, 

1818, to July 1, 1823, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1823. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Smith, Ark., 1823-24, — and Baton Rouge, La., 

1824-25 ; on ilissouri River, 1825-26 ; on Reci-uiting ser\-ice, 1826-29 ; on 

(First Lieut., 1st Infantry, May 31, 1829) 
fi-ontier duty at Ft. Winnebago, Wis., 1829, 1830-31,— and Ft. St. Anthony, 
Min., 1831-32; in the "Black Hawk" War against the Sac Indians, 1832, being 
engaged in the Battle of Bad Axe River, Aug. 2, 1832 ; as Aide-de-Camp to 
BviMaj. -General Gaines, Mar. 4, 1833, to Sep. 13, 1835; in garrison at Ft. 
Crawford, Wis., 1835-37, -and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1837; in the Florida 

(Captain, 1st Infantry, Nov. 14, 1836) 
War against the Seminole Indians, 1837-38, being engaged in the Battle of 
Okee-cho-bee, Dec. 25, 1837; in the Cherokee Nation, 1838, while emigratiu^^ 



256 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1823-24. Class Eank. 

the Indians to the West ; in the Florida "War, 1839-40, 1840-41 ; on frontier 
duty at Ft. Orawford, Wis., 1841-42; on Recruiting service, 1842; on frontier 
duty at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1842-44,— Ft. Atkinson, lo., 1844-45,— and Jefler- 
son Barracks, Mo., 1845-46; in the War with Mexico, 1846-48, being engaged 
in the Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846,— Siege of Vera Cniz, Mar. 9-29, 
(BvT. jMajok, Sep. 23, 1846, for G.^llant and Mekitoeiotjs Conduct 

IN THE SEVER.Ui CONFLICTS AT MoNTEKEY, MeS. ) 

1847,— and in garrison at Vera Cmz, 1847-48, and at the City of Mexico, 1848; 

(Major, 2d Infantry, M.ak. 15, 1848) 
in gan-ison at East Pascagoula, Mis., 1848,— and Ft. Hamilton, K Y., 1848^9; 
and on frontier duty at Monterey, Cal., 1849,— Expedition to the Sierra Ne- 
vada, 1850, — and Benicia, Cal., 1850-52. 

Died, Dec. 7, 1852, at Benicia, Cal. : Aged 49. 



360. (Born N. Y) EGBERTS. BIRDSALL (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 35 

MUitary History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 10, 
1818, to July 1, 1823, when he was gi'aduated and jDromoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Infantry^, July 1, 1823. 
Second Lieut.. 3d Infantry, July 1, 1823. 
Served: in garrison at Ft Mifflin, Pa., 1824-25; on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, 
Wis., 1825-26,— and Jeflferson Barracks, Mo., 1826-27; on detached service, 
1827-28; on frontier duty at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828, — and Ft. Leaven- 
worth, Kan. 1828-29; on Commissary duty at Jefferson Barracks. Mo., 1829-30, 

(First Lieut., 3d Inf^intry, Feb. 17, 1829) 
1831,— Ft. Jesup, La., 1831-32,— March to Ft. Towson, I. T., 1832,— and Ft. 
Jesup, La., 1832; on Eecraiting service, 18.33; on fi-ontier duty at Ft. Jesup, 
La., 1833-35; on Reciiiiting service, 1835-36; on fi-ontier duty at Ft. Towson, 
I. T., 1836-38; on Northern Frontier during Canada Border Distiu'banccs, at 

(Captain, 8th Infantry, July, 7, 1835) 

Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1838,— Recruiting, 1838-39,— Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 

1839,— Recruiting, 1839,— Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1840,— and Recruiting, 

1840-41; in the Florida War, 1841; and on sick leave of absence, 1841^5. 

Died, Mae. 4, 1845, at St. Augustine, Fla: Aged 45. 



CLASS OF 182 4. 



361.. (Born N. Y.) DENTMTS H. MAHAN (Ap'dVa.)..! 

Military History. -Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from Sep. 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engini^.ers, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1824, to Jan. 1, 1832. 

Served: at the Military Academy, 1824-26, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, 
Aug. 29, 1824, to Aug. 31, 1825,— and as Principal Asst. Professor of Engineer- 
ing, Aug. 31, 1825, to Aug. 1, 1826; in Europe, on professional duty, by order 
of the War Department, Aug. 1, 1826, to June 15, 1830. being attached, by 
authority f)f the French Minister of War, as pupil to the Jlilitary School of En- 
gineers and Artillerists at Metz, France, Jan. 1, 1829, to Mar. 10, 1830; and at 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 257 



NtTMBER. 1824. Class Rank. 

the Militaiy Academy, as Acting Professor of Engineering, Sep. 1, 1830, to 

(Peofessok of Engineering, U. S. Military Academy Jan. 1, 1832) 
Jan. 1, 1832, — and as Professor of Engineering since Jan. 1, 1832. 

Civil History. — Appointed, June 17, 1850, by the Governor of Virginia, 
Jlember of a Board of Engineers to decide the controversy between tlie City of 
Wheeling and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, as to the tnie and 
proper route of the railroad to the City of Wheeling. Author of a " Treatise on 
Field Fortifications," 1836; of "Elementary Course of Civil Engineering," for 
the use of the Cadets of the U. S. Military Academy, 1837; of "Elementary 
Treatise on Advanced-Guard, Out-Post, Detachment Service of Troops, and 
Strategy," 1847-64; "Elementary Treatise on Industrial Drawing," 1853; Addi- 
tions to "Moseley's Mechanical Principles of Engineering and Architecture," 
of M' hich he edited an American Edition, 1856 ; ' ' Treatise on Fortification Draw- 
ing and Stereotomy," 1865; and "Elements of Permanent Fortification, " 1867. 
Member of the Geographical Society of France, 1828 ; and of many scientific 
associations in the United States. Corporator of the National Academy of 
Sciences, since Mar. 3, 1863. Degree of A. M. , conferred by Brown Universitj', 
R. I.,— and by Princeton College, N. J., 1837; and of LL. D., by William and 
Mary College, Va., 1852, — by Brown University, R. I., 1852, — and by Dart- 
mouth College, N. H., 1867. 



362.. (Bom Me.) JOHN W. A. SMITH (Ap'dMe.)..2 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut. , 1st Artillery, JulyI, 1824. 
Served : at the Military Academy, 1824-26, as Asst. Professor of Mathemat- 
ics, Aug. 29 to Nov. 4, 1824, — and Asst. Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, 
and Geology, Nov. 4, 1824, to Mar. 26, 1826; in garrison at Ft. Independence, 
Mas., 1826-27; and on Commissary duty, 1827. 

Dismissed, Feb. 12, 1828, for Ungentlemanly Conduct. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 



363.. (Born N.H.) ROBERT P. PARROTT (Ap'd N. H.)..3 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1824. 
Served : at the Military Academy, 1824-29, as Asst. Professor of Natural and 
Experimental Philosophy, Aug. 29, 1824, to Sep. 8, 1826,— as Asst. Professor 
of Mathematics, Sep. 8, 1826, to Sep. 14, 1828,— and as Principal Asst. Pro- 
fessor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Sep. 14, 1828, to Sep. 2, 1829; 
in garrison at Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1829-31, — Ft. Independence, Mas., 

(FrRST Lieut., 3d Artillery, Aug. 27, 1831) 
1831 34; on Oi-dnance duty, Jan. 27. 1834, to Nov. 30, 1835; on Staflfduty, in 
military operations in Creek Nation, 1836; and as Assistant in the Ordnance 

(Captain, Ordnance, Jan. 13, 1836) • 
Bureau at Washington, D. C, 1836. 

Resigned, Oct. 31. 1836. 

17 



258 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1824. Class Rank. 

Civil History.— First Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, Putnam County, 
N. Y., 1844-47. Supeiintendent of "West Point Iron and Canon Foundiy" 
at Cold Spring, N. Y., since 183G. Inventor of the Parrott gims and pro- 
jectiles.* 



364.. (Bom S. C.) R. EDWARD HAZZARD (Ap'd S. C.)..4 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militixry Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Aktilleky, July 1, 1824. 
Second Ldeut., 2d Aktilleey, July 1, 1824. 
Served on Topogi-aphical duty, July 14, 1824, to Mar. 28, 1829. 

Resigned, Sep. 30, 1829. 
Civil History. — Civil Engineer in Louisiana, 1829-31. 

Died, 1831, in St. Bernaed Paeish, La. : Aged 27. 



365 . . (Bom Pa.) JOHN KING FINDLAY (Ap'd Pa. ) . . 5 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1824. 
Sei-ved: at the Mihtary Academy, 1824r-25, as Asst. Professor of Chemistry, 
Mineralogy, and Geology, Aug. 29 to Nov. 4, 1824, — and Asst. Professor of 
Geographj', History, and Ethics, Nov. 4, 1824, to Apr. 17, 1825; and on Topo- 
graphical duty, Aug. 6, 1825, to May 13, 1828. 

Resigned, May 13, 1828. 

Civil Histoiy. — Counsellor at Law, Pennsylvania, 1831-45. Captain, Penn 
sylvania MiUtia, 1840-45, and 1852-56. Recorder of the City of Lancaster, 
1841-45. Judge of the District Court for the City and County of Philadelphia, 
Apr. 1 to Dec. 1, 1851; and President of the Third Judicial District of Penn- 
sylvania Dec. 1, 1857 to 18(52. Counsellor at Law, Philadelphia, Pa., since 
1862. 



366 (Bom Del.). .. .NAPOLEON B. BENNETT (Ap'd Pa.).. 6 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut. , 3d Artillery, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1824. 
Served: on Topographical duty, July 14, 1824, to Mar. 0, 1828; in garrison 
at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1828; on Topographical 
duty, Nov. 25. 1828, to Aug. 5, 1829; on Regimental Statf duty. 1829-30; in 
garrison at Ft. Independence, Mas., 18:59-32, — Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery 
School for Practice), 1832; and on the "Black Hawk Expedition," 1832, but 
not at the seat of war. 

Died, Nov. 2, 1832, at Stanton, Va. : Aged 26. 

•This sy.stem of Riflffd Ordnance was fist iiitroflucol into aftuil service at the Battle of 
Bull Kun, ViU, July 21. 1861. Throughout ih" 11 '1)0111011 ot 1861-66 of the Secsciing Stato.«, these 
guns have been most CKtensively an I su^c—isl illy us 'I by b itli .\rmy an 1 Navy, an i wore con- 
spicuously serviceable in almost the closing op orations of the w ir, before Mobile. The calibres ot 
those g ins nronow made from 10 to .300 pounds. 1 1 General Gilmoro's operations against Fort 
Snmtcr an 1 Charleston, S. C, in 1863-6-1, on-^ of the.se guns, a SO-poundo'-, was fired from Cnm- 
minL''s I'oinl 4,606 tim-s before bui-sting. an 1 generally at 4'!° elevation, with ch.arges of3Ji 
pounds. Of these rounds, 4,253 reached the City of Charleston, a distance not less than four 
miles. This Is, perliaps, the most noted instauce of endurance on record. 



U. S. MILITAEY ACADEMY. 259 



NuMUER. 1824. Class Bank. 

367. (Bom Mis.) JOHN N. DILLAHUNTY (Ap'd Mis.). 7 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 

1820, to Jiily 1, 182i, wheu he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Aktellery, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1824. 

Served on Topographical duty, July 1. 1824, to Jan. 31, 1832. 

Eesigned, Apr. 14, 1832. 

Civil History. — Engineer of Woodville, Mis., and St Francisville, La., 
Kaih-oad, 1832-44. Planter, St. Francisville, La., 183Jr-44. 
Died, 1844. at "Woodville, ilis. ; Aged 44. 



368. (Born N. C.) FRANCIS L. JONES (Ap'd Ten.). .8 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Anny to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Artilleey, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1824. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artilleiy School for Practice), 

1825-26,— and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1826-27, 1827-29, 1830-31; on Ordnance 

(Transferred to 4th Artillery, Sep. 14, 1827) 
dutj', Mar. 31, 1831, to Dec. 31, 1833; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1834-35; 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Jan. 31, 1832) 
in emigrating Indians, Dec. 9, 1835, to June 28, 1836 ; on Ordnance duty, 
July 14 to Dec. 24, 1836; in the Florida "War, 1836-39 ; and on sick leave of 
absence, 1839-42. 

Eesigned, June 10, 1842. 

Civil History. — Farmer, Missouri, 1842 to 18 — . 

Died, 18—. 



363. .(Bom N. H.) GEORGE T?V. LONG (Ap'd N. H.). .9 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy fi-om July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut. , 4th Artillery, July 1, 1824. 

Served: on Topographical duty, July 14, 1824, to Mar. 17, 1823; in garrison at 

Ft. ]\Ionroe, Ya. (Artillery School for' Practice), 1825-27, being the Instructor 

of Mathematics, Dae. 22, 1825, to Nov. 13, 1826.— Ft. St. Philip. La.. 1827,— 

Bay of St. Louis, Mis., 1827,— Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1827,— and "West Point, 

N. Y., 1827-28; at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Natural and 

Experimental Philosophy, Aug. 31, 1828, to Feb. 1, 1829; and on Engineer 

(Fie-st Lieut. , 4th Artillery, Feb. 2, 1832) 
duty, Nov. 21, 1829, to Feb. 21, 1835. 

Resigned, Dec. 31, 1835. 

Civil History.— Chief Engineer of Louisiana, 1835-38, — and of Alton and 
Mount Carmel Railroad, Til, 1833-41. Suoarintendent, in the service of the 
United States, of the construction of Marine Ho.s23itals. at Natches. Mis., and 
Paducah, Ky., 1849-51, — and of improvement of Illinois River, 1852-56. 
Farmer (Fruit and "Vineyard Culture) near Alton, 111., since 1838. 



260 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEB. 1824. Class Eank. 

370 . . (Born E. I. ) JOEN M. FESSENDEN (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 10 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 182-i, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bat. Second Lieut., 1st Abtillery, Jttly 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut. , 4th Artillery, July 1, 1824. 
Sei-ved: on Topographical dutj% July, 1, 1824, to Mar. 5, 1828, on Chesa- 
peake and Ohio Canal, 1824r-2G,— Kanawha, James, and Koanoke Kivers, 1827, 
— and Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 1827-28; on leave of absence in Europe, 
for professional improvement, 1828-29; and in garrison at West Point, N. Y., 
1829, -and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1829-30, 1830-31. 
Resigned, Nov. 30, 1831. 

Civil History. — Chief Engineer, Boston and Worcester llaih-oad, Mas., 
1831-36; of Survey of AVorcester and Springfield Raih-oad, Mas., 1835 30; of 
Boston and Newburj^port Railroad, Mas. , 1836-42 ; and of Sahsbury and Ports- 
mouth Raih-oad, N. H., 1839-43. Railroad Commissioner of the State of 
Massachusetts, 1845-47. Lieut. -Colonel, Massachusetts MiUtia, 1832-36. 
Degiec of A. M., confeiTed bj' Harvard University, Mas., 1846. U. S. Consul 
at Dresden, Saxony, 1850-51. State Commissioner for establishment of a 
Mihtary Academy in Massachusetts, 1863-64. Member of the Board of Visitors 
to the Military Academy, 1865. Residence, Jamaica Plain, near Boston, Mas. 



371. . (Bom Ky.) 'WILIiIAM P. BAINBRIDGE (Ap'd Ky ) . . 11 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 

1821). to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, .July 1, 1824. 

Serve ■: : in ganisonat Ft. Monroe, Vii. (Artillery School for Practice), 1824-26, 

—Ft. Marion, Fla., 1826-27,— Ft. Delaware, Del., 1827-31,— New Castle, Del., 

1831 32 — Charleston harbor, S. C, 1832-33, during South CaroUna's threat- 

(FiRST Lieut., 4th Artillery, M.\y 30, 1832) 
eued nullification,— Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1833 36,— and Ft. Lafayette, N. Y., 
183f;: in Operations in Creek Nation, 1836; in the Florida War, 1836-38; in 
th(! Cherokee Nation, 1838, while emigrating the Indians to the We.st; in gar- 
rison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1838; on Recruiting service, 1838; in the Florida 
War, 1838-39; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1839; at the Camp of 
Instruction, near Trenton, N. J., 1839; on the Northern Frontier dui-ing 
Cmada Border Disturbances, at Ft. Gratiot, Mich., 1839-41, — and Sackett's 
Ha-.bor, N. Y., 1841-42; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1842-46; in the War 

(Capt.un, 4th Artillery, M<vr. 19, 1842) 

with Mexico, 1846-47, in garrison at Ft. Polk, Tex., 1846-47,— and en- 

gagi'd in the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847, and Battle of Cerro 

(BvT. Major, Apr. 18, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 

in the Battle of Cerro Gordo, Mex. ) 

Gordo, .Ypr. 17-18, 1847; on sick leave of absence atFt. Monroe, Va., 1847-48; 

in the War with Mexico, 1848, at the City of Mexico; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, 

Va.. 1848,— and Ft. Pike, La., 1848-49; in Florida Hostihties against the 

Semii:ole Indians, 1849-50; and on sick leave of absence, 1850. 

Died, Sep. 16, 1850, at West Point, N. Y.: Aged 47. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 261 



Number. 1824. Class Rank. 

372. (Born N.J.) JOHN M. W. PICTON* (Apd N. Y. ) . , 12 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1. 
1819, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut. , 2d Artillery, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1. 1824. 
Served: in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1825-2f!. 
—Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1826-27,— Ft. St. Philip, La., 1827-28,— Ft. Wood. 
La., 1828,— Bay of St. Louis, Mis., 1828,— Ft. Wood, La., 1828-29,— Bay of 
St. Louis, Mis., 1829, — and Ft. Wood, La., 1829-30; and on Recruiting ser- 
vice, 1831. 

Resigned, Mar. 1, 1832. 

Civil History.— Physician, New Orleans, La., 1832-59. Professor of 
Obstetrics, etc.. New Orleans School of Medicine, La., 18— to 18 — . 
Died, Oct. 28, 1859, at New Orleans, La. : Aged 55. 



373. (Bom N. Y.) HORATIO A. WILSON (Ap'd N. Y.)..13 

Military History.- Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and i^romoted m the Ai'my to 

BvT. Second Lieut,, 2d Artillery, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1824. 

Served: on Topographical duty, July 14, 1824, to Mar. 6, 1828; in garrison 

at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1828,— and Ft. Columbus, 

N. Y., 1828-31; on Ordnance duty. Mar. 31 to Sep. 26, 1831; in garrison at 

Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1831-32; on "Black Hawk 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, May 30, 1832) 
Expedition," 1832; in garrison at Ft Gratiot, Mich., 1832-33,— and Ft. Ham- 
ilton, N. Y., 1833; on Recruiting service, 1834; and in garrison at Ft. Ham- 
ilton, N. Y., 1834-35. 

Resigned, Jan. 31, 1835. . 

Civil History.— Chief Engineer, Havana and Guines Raih-oad, Cuba, W. I., 
1835-38. Counsellor at Law, Troy, N. Y., 1841-50. 

Died, Jan. 17, 1850, at Troy, N. Y. : Aged 46. 



374 . (Born Mas. ) . . . NICHOLAS TILLINGHAST (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 14 

Military History. —Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, L T., 1825-27; at the Mihtary Acad- 
emy. 1827 34, as Asst. Professor of Chemistiy, Mineralogy, and Geology, Aug. 8, 

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, June 30, 1830) 
1827, to Apr. 1, 1829, and Aug. 31 to Nov. 30, 1830,— and as Asst. Profe.ssor 

* Was the son of tho Rev. Tlioinas Picton, Chaplain, and Profe.ssor of Geography, History, and 
Ethics at tho Military Academy, 1818-25. 



262 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1824. Class Kank. 

of Geography, History, and Ethics, Nov. 30, 1830, to Oct. U, 1834 ; and on 

(Captain, 7th Infantry, June 1, 1835) 
frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1835-36. 

Eesigned, July 31, 1836. 

Civil History. —Principal of Normal School, Bridgewater, Mas. (established 
for the education of Teachers, by the State of Massachusetts), 1840-53. 
Elected Professor of Chemistry, ^Mineralogy, and Natural Histoi-y, College of 
Lomsiana, 18 — : declined. 

Died, Apr. 9, 1856, at Bridgewater, JMas. : Aged 51. 



375. .(Born S. C.) . . . .'WILLIAM G. WILLIAMS . . . .(Ap'd S. C). . .15 

Militai-y History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy fi-om July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

Served: on Topographical duty, July 24, 1824, to Jan. 28, 1834 ; on Survey 

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, Apr. 30, 1833) 

of site for Fort on Pea Patch Island, Delaware Eiver, 1834, — of Ship Canal 

(BvT. Captain Staff— Top. Engineers, Jan. 28, 1834) 
around the Falls of Niagara, N. Y., 1835-36, — on Lake Champlain, N. Y.. 1835. 
— and of Charleston, S. C, and Cincinnati, O., projected Railroad, 183()-37 ; 
on Military Reconnoissance of Cherokee Country, 1837-38 ; in charge of con- 

(Captain, Corps of Top. Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
struction of harbor works on Lake Erie, 1838-43; as Superintendent of Survej' 
of North-western Lakes, 1841-46, — and of Boundary between Michigan and 
Wisconsin, 1845-46; and as Chief Top. Engineer of the Army commanded by 
Major-General Taylor, in the War with Mexico, July 6 to Sep. 21, 1846. being 
engaged in the Battle of Monterey, Sep. 21, 1846, where he was Mortally 
Wounded, 

Died of Wounds, Sep. 21, 1846, at Monterey: Aged 45. 



376. (Bom Md.) AUTHONY DRANE (Ap'd Md.)..16 

Military History. — Cad(-t at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut. , 5th Inf.^ntry, July 1, 1824. 
Served: on Topograiiliioal duty, Aug. 27, 1821, to June 20, 1825; on Com- 
missary duty at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1825 26, -Ft. Armstrong, 111., 1820-27,— 
Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1827 28,— and Jetierson Barracks, Mo., 1828; on Quarter- 

(FiRST Lieut., 5th Infantry, Aug. 20, 1828) 
master duty in Quartermaster General's Office, Washington, D. C, 1829, — 

(AssT. Quartermaster, Ape. 18, 1829, to Nov. 25, 1835) 
Natchitoches, La,, 1829-30,— Ft. Jesup, La., 1830-31,— Cantonment, Leaven- 
worth, Kan., 1831-32,— settling claims in Washington, D. C, 1832-33,— and 
New Orleans, La., 1833-35. 

Resigned, Nov. 25, 1835. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 263 



Number. 1824. Class Kank. 

Reinstated in the United States Army, Mar. 17, 1842, as 

CAPTAIN, 5th Infantky, to Rank from Oct. 31, 183G. 
Served: in garrison at Detroit. Mich.. 18-12-4:3; in arrest and suspended, 
1843-45; and in Mihtary Occupation of Texas, 1845-4G. 

Cashiered, Jxtly 10, 1840, for "Drunkenness on Duty." 
Civil History. — Counseller at Law, New Orleans, La., 1847. 

Died, 1852, in Louisville Insane Hospital: Aged 52. 



377.. (Born Va.) LOUIS T. JAMISON (Ap'd La. ) . . 17 

Military History Cadet at the XJ. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 5th Infai^try, July 1, 1824. 
• Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Ai-mstrong, 111., 1825-26, — and Ft. Snelling, 
(Eesigned, Apr. 30, 1825) 
(Ee-appointed Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, May 1, 1825) 
Min., 1826-28; on Commissary duty at Ft. Armstrong, lU., 1828,— Ft. Craw- 
ford, Wis., 1828-29,— Ft. Dearborn, 111., 1829-30,— Ft. Brady, Mich., 1830-33,— 
(First Lieut., 5th Inf.antry, Apr. 23, 1830) 
(Captain, 5th Inf.antry, Oct. 31, 1836) 
and Ft. Dearborn, 111., 1833-37; and on Recruiting service, 1837-38. 

DisinssED, Dec. 31, 1838, under Sec. 3 of Law of Jan. 31, 1823. 

Civil History.— Sutler at Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 1840-46. Store-keeper of 
Clothing, Camargo depot, Mex., 1846-48. Sutler at Camp Ringgold, Tex., 
1848-56. Justice of the Peace, Starr County, Tex., 1853-56, 

Deed, Oct. , 1856, at Rio (>rande City : Aged 51, 



378. .(Born Ky.) "WILLIAM BICKLEY (Ap'd Ky.). .18 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 

1820, to Jul}- 1, 1824, when he Avas graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 6th Inf.antry, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

On leave of absence, July 1, 1824, to Jan. 15, 1825. 

Resigned, Jan. 15, 1825. 

Civil History. — Farmer, Washington, Mason County, Ky., 1825-52. Major, 
Kentucky Militia, 18 — to 18 — . Member of the House of Representatives of 
the State of Kentucky, 1848 and 1849. Hotel keeper, Washington, Ky., since 
1852. 



379. .(Born Mas.) EPHRAIM W. LOW (Ap'd Mas.). .19 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1. 

1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai'mj'- to 

Bvi'. Second Lieut., 3d iNFANTra", July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

Served on frontier duty at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1824-25. 

Drowned, Juhx 8, 1825, near the Mouth of Fox Rfver, Wis. : Aged 25. 



264 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1824. Class Rank 

380. (Born N. Y.) JOSEPH CABLE (Ap'd N. Y.)..20 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Slilitary Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 182i, when he was gmduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Secgjtd Lieut., 7th Infantet, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 7th Tnkantrt, July 1, 1824. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, L T.. 1825,— and Ft. Towson, L T., 
1826-28 ; on Recruiting service, 1S28-29 ; tuid on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, 
La., 1829. 

Dismissed, Ape. 7, 1830, foe Neglect of Duty and Insubokdination. 

Civil History.— Civil Engineer, 18— to 18 — . 
Died, 18--. 



381 . . (Bom Pa. ) ALEXANDER JOHNSTON (Ap'd Pa. ) . . 21 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Snelling, Miu., 1825-27,— and Ft. Crawford, 

Wis., 1827-28; on Recruiting service, 1828-29; on fi-ontier duty at Ft. Howard, 

(First Lieut., 5th Infantry, Aug. 22, 1828) 
Wis., 1829-30,— and Ft. Winnebago, Wis., 1831-32; in the "Black Hawk" War 
against the Sac Indians, 1832, being engaged in the Battle of Bad Axe River, 
Aug. 2, 1832; on frontier duty at Ft. "Winnebago, Wis., 1832-35; on Recruiting 
service, 1835-38; on Northern Frontier, at Ft. Brady, Mich., 1838-41, during 

(Captain, 5th Infantry, Oct. 31, 1836) 
Canada Border Disturbances; in garrison at Ft. Crawford, "Wis., 1841, — and Jef- 
ferson Barracks, Mo., 1841; and on Northern Frontier, at Ft. Mackinac, Mich., 
1841-42, 1842-43,— and Ft. Brady, Mich., 1843-45. 

Died, June 8, 1845, at Pittsburgh, Pa. : Aged 39. 



382.. (Bom Va.) WILLIAM L. HARRIS (Ap'd Va.). .22 

MUitiuy History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy fi-om July 1, 
1819, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Served: on the Missouri River. 1825-26; in garrison at Bellefoutaine, Mo., 
1826, — and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1826-28; on frontier duty at Ft. Craw- 
ford, Wis., 1828,— and Ft. Snelling, lo., 1828; on Recruiting service, 1828-30; 

(First Lieut. , 1st Infantry, Dec. 31, 1830) 
on frontier duty at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1831-32; in the "Black Hawk" War 
against the Sac Indians, 1832, being engaged in the Battle of Bad Axe River, 
Aug. 2, 1832; and on frontier duty at Ft. Crawford, Wis., 1832-35. 

DisAnssED, Oct. 20, 1836, for "Conduct unbecoming an Officer." 

Civil History.— Unknown. 

Died, Feb., 1837, in Illinois: Aged 36. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 265 



NuMBEK. 1824. Class Eank. 

383 . (Bom N. Y. ) . . . . WILLIAM BLOODGOOD (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 23 

Military History. — Cadet at the U.. S. Military Academy from June 24, 

1819, to July 1, 1824, wheu he was gniduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Infantky, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

Served: in gan-ison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1825-26; on frontier duty at 

Ft. Howard, Wis., 1826-28; in garrison at Bangor, Me., 1828, —Hancock Bar- 

(FiEST Lieut., 2d Infantry, Dec. 28, 1832) 
racks. Me., 1828-33,— and Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1833-34; and on Recniiting 
service, 1834-36. 

Resigned, Dec. 31, 1836. 

Civil History. — Major, New York Mihtia, 1838 to 18 — . Farmer, near 
Albany, N. Y., 1837 to 18—, and since 18—, at Milwaukie, Wis. 



384 . . (Born Mas. ) WTLLI AM W. EATON * (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 24 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. MiUtary Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lleut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Secont) Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Served: on frontier dutj"^ at Ft. Atkinson, Council Blufls, lo., 1825-27; and 
in garrison at Jeflerson Barracks, Mo., 1827. 

Died, May 10, 1828, at Waterbury, Ct. : Aged 23. 



385. (Bom N. H.) TIMOTHY PAIGE (Ap'd N. H.)..25 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtai-y Academy from July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Aimy to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1825, — New Orleans, La., 1825-26, — 

Cantonment Chnch, Fla., 1826-27, — Baton Rouge, La., 1827, — Cantonment 

(Transferred to 4th Infantry, Sep. 29, 1827) 
Brooke, Fla., 1827-28,— New Orleans, La., 1828,— and Baton Rouge, La., 
1828-29; on Recruiting service, 1830-31; in garrison at Ft. St. Philip, La., 
1831, — Baton Rouge, La., 1831, — and New Orleans, La., 1831; on Recruiting 
service, 1831-33; in garrison at the Bay of St. Louis, Mis., 1833-35; and in 

(First Lieut., 4th Infantry, ALve. 4, 1833) 
the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836, being engaged in the 
Sku-mishes at Camp Izard, Feb. 27, 28, 29, and Mar. 5, 1836. 
Resigned, Mae. 16, 1836. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, 1836 to 18 — . Commissioner of Deeds, 
and Clerk in Post Office, San Francisco, Cal., 1849-55. Banking and Mining 
in Spanish America, 1857 to 

Died, June 14, 1867, at St. Louis, Mo. : Aged 62. 

* Was the son of Captain William Eaton, U. ?. Consnl at Tunis, who led a successful espedi- 
tion against Derne, and compellod a treaty with the reigning Basnaw. 



2G6 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1824. Class Rank. 



386 . . (Bom Mas. ) . . . . FRANCIS D. NEWCOM^ ( Apd Mas. ) . . 26 

Militai-y History. Cadet at the U. S. IMilitary Academy from July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 182-4, when he was graduated and promoted in the Aimy to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Infantet, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 4:Th Infantky, July 1, 1824. 

Served: int^arrison at Sacketfs Harbor, N.Y., 1824-25, — Cantonment Clinch, 

Fla., 1825-26,— Cantonment Brooke, Fla., 1826-27,— Ft. King, Fla., 1827-28, 

—St. Augustine, Fla., 1828,— Ft. King, Fla., 1828-29,— Cantonment Brooke, 

(AssT. QuAETEE5L\sTEE, OcT. 7, 1830, TO Sep. 30, 1836) 

Fla., 1829-30,— and Ft. Mitchell, Ma., 1830; and on Quartermaster duty, 

(FiKST LrEUT., 4th Infantry, Apr. 4, 1832) 

1831-36,— at Key West, Fla., 1831-33,— Baton Rouge, La., 1833-36,— Ft. 
Brooke, Fla., 1836, — and on tour of insiiection, 1836. 
Resigned, Sep. 30, 1836. 

Civil History. — Surveyor-General of the State of Louisiana, 1840-44. 
Clerk, Havana, Cuba, since 1845. 



387. . (Born Md.) DIXON S. MILES (Ap'd Md.) . .27 

Military History. —Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 

1819, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the .iVi-my to 

BvT. Secont) Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 

Served : in garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1825 ; on frontier dutj' at 

Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1825-28,— Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828,— and Ft. Gibson, 

I. T., 1828-30, — and as Adjutant, 7th Infantry, at Regimental headquarters. May, 

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, Apr. 30, 1833) 
1830, to Feb. 10, 1836; on Recruiting service, 1836-39; on Quartermaster duty, 

(Captain, 7th Infantry, June 8, 1836) 
1839-45,— in Florida War, 1839-42,— and in Pensacola harbor, Fla., 1843-45; 

(Capt. Staff — Asst. Quartermaster, Jan. 16, 1839, to Sep. 30, 1845) 

in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845-46: in the War with Mexico, 1846-47, 

1848, being engaged in the Defense of Ft. Brown, May 3-9, 1846,— Battle of 

(Bvt. Major, May 9, 1846, for Gallant and Distinguished Conduct 

IN THE Defense of Ft. Brown, Tex.) 

Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846,— Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— and in 

(Bvt. Lieut. -Col., Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 

IN THE SEVER.AL CONFLICTS AT MoNTEKEY, MeX. ) 

command of the City of Vera Cruz, Aug. 11 to Dec. 23, 1847; in garrison at 

(Major, 5th Infantry, Feb. 16, 1847) 
East Pascagoula, Mis., 1848; on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, L T., 1848,— Ft. 
Washita, L T., 1849-51,— Ft. Fillmore, N. M., 1851-53,— Albuquerque, N. M., 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 3d Infantry, Apr. 15, 1851) 
1853,— conducting recruits to New Mexico, 1854. -Ft. Fillmore, N. M., 1854-56, 
— Ft. Thorn, N. M. 1856-57, — in coiamand of Southern cohimn of Gila Expe- 
dition, May 1 to July 26, 1857, being engagi'd in the Combat of June 27, 
1857, on Gila River, north of Mount Tnrnhull, N. M..— Ft. Fillmore, N. M., 
1857-58, — in command of Navajoe Expedition, N. M., Sep. and Dec, 1858, — 



MILITARY ACADEMY. 2G7 



Number. 1824. Class Kank. 

and Albuquerque, N. M., 1858-59; in garrison at St. Louis, Mo., IBSD-GO,— 

(Colonel, 2d Infanthy, Jan. 19, 1859) 
and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 18G(); and on frontier duty at Ft. Kearny, Neb., 
18GJ-G1, — and Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1801. 

Served during the iiebelhon of the Seceding States, 1861-(J2; in the deftnises 
of Washington, D. C, July, 18('>1 ; in the Manassas Campaign of July, IBGl, 
being in command of the Eoserve at the Battle of Bull Kun, July 21, 1861; 
on leave of absence and awaiting orders, Juty 2(j, 18G1, to Mar. 8, 1822; in 
command of Brigade guarding Baltimore and Ohio Kailroad, and in Defense 
of Harper's Ferry, Va., Mar. 8 to Sep. IG, 18G2, when he was Mortally 
Wounded. 

Died of Wounds, Sep. 16, 1862, at H/Ucpee's Ferky, Va. : Aged 58. 



388. (Born N. Y.) ELECTUS BACKUS* (Ap'd N. Y.)..28 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 182-1, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Served: in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1824-25; in Creek Nation, 
1825-26: in garrison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1826, — and Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Mo., 1827-28; as Aide-de-Camp to Bvt. Brig. -General Brady, July 16, 

(FiE.ST Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 28, 1831) 
1828, to Oct. 17, 1837; in the Florida War, 1838-39, 1839-40, being engaged in 

(Captain, 1st Infantry, Oct. 17, 1837) 
the Capture of forty Seminole Indians, near Lake Okee-cho-bee. Mar. 14, 1838; 
in gairison at Ft. Mitchell, Ala., 1840,— and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1841; on 
frontier duty at Ft. SuelUng, Min., 1841-44, 1844-45,— and Jefferson Barracks, 
Mo., 1845 4G; in the War with Mexico, 1846-48, being engaged in the Battle 
of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846,— Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— in com- 
(BvT. Major, Sep. 23, 1846, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
in the several Conflicts at Monterey, Mex.) 
mand of the Castle of San Juan d'Ulloa, 1847, — and in garrison at the City of 
Mexico, 1848; on Kecruiting ser\dce, 1849-50; on frontier duty in Navajoe 

(Major, 3d Infantry, June 10, 1850) 
Country, N. M., 1851,— Ft. Deiiance, N. M., 1851-52,— and Ft. Fillmore, 
N. M., 1853-54; on Recniiting service. 1854-55; as Snprriut(Mi(lent of General 
Recruiting Sex-vice, July 1, 1855, to July 1, 1857, at Ft. Cdlunibns, N. Y. ; and on 
frontier duty at Albuquerque, N. M., 1858, — Navajoe Expedition, 1858, being 
engaged in several skirmishes, — Ft. Defiance, N. M., 1858-59, — ^ Albuquerque, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 3d Infantry, Jan. 19, 1859) 
N. M., 1859 —and Ringgold Barracks, Tex., 1860-61. 

Served dm-iug the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-62: as Mustering 
and Disbursing OlHcer, at Detroit, Mich., 1861; on sick leave of absence, Mar. 
8 to Sep. 24, 18G1; as Mustering and Disbursing Officer, at Detroit, Mich., 
Sep. 24, 1861, to Mar. 6, 1862; and on sick leave of absence, Mar. 6 to 

(Colonel, Gth Infantry, Feb. 20, 18G2) 
June 7, 1862. 

Died, June 7, 1862, .\t Detroit, Mich. : Aged 58. 



* Was the son of Lioiit. -Colonel Eloctus Rickiis, mirtally woutided at the head of his regiment, 
in Dofonse of Sackett's Harbor, May 29, 1813. 



268 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1824. Class Kank. 

389.. (Born Pa.) JULIUS CATLIN (Ap'd Pa.). .29 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. JVIilitary Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1^24, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 7th Infantet, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Served in garrison at Cantonment CUnch, Fia. , 1825-26. 

Kesigned, Sep. 8, 1826. 
Civil History. —Ai-tist, 1826-27. 
Deowned, 1827, IN Gennessee River, near Eochester, N. Y. : Aged 23. 



390 . . (Born Md. ) . . JOSEPH VAN SW^E ARINGEN .... (Ap'd Md. ) . . 30 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 16, 
1819, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieitt., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Second Lieut., 6th Ls-fantey, July 1, 1824. 
Served: on fi-ontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1826-27; in gar- 
rison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1828-29; on frontier duty at Ft. Leaven- 

(FiRST Lieut., 6th Infantry, May 12, 1829) 
worth, Kan., 1829, — and on Expedition to the Upper Arkansas, 1829; in garri- 
son at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1829-32; in "Black Hawk " War, against the 
Sac Indians, 1832; on frontier duty at Jeffar.sou Barracks, Mo., 1833-36,— Ft. 
Jesup, La., 1836, — and Camp Sabine, La., 1836; and in the Florida War, being 

(Captain, 6th Infantry, July 31, 1837) 
engaged against the Seminole Indians in the Battle of Okee-cho-bee, where he 
was 

Killed,* Dec. 25, 1837: Aged 38. 



391 . . (Boru N. Y. ) . . W. BEVERHOUT THOMPSON. . . (Ap'd N. Y. ) • . 31 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 
1819, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Secont) Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 1, 1824. 
Served: on Topogi-aphical duty, Mar. 16, 1825, to June 25, 1830; and on leave 
(First Lieut., 5th Infantry, Sep. 30, 1828) 
of absence, 1830. 

Resigned, Dec. 31, 1830. 

Civil History. — ^Assistant Engineer, Charleston and Hamburg Railroad, 

S. C, 1829-33. Principal Asst. Engineer, Norfolk and Portsmouth Rail- 
road, Va., 1833-36; and of the Board of Public Works of Virginia, 1836-40. 
Contractor for the completion of Chcsape;ikc and Ohio Canal, Md., 1844-48. 
Chief Engineer of the Cape Fe;ir and Deep River Navigation, N. C, 1849-52; 
of the Ncu.se and Tar River Improvements, N. C, 1852-54; of Goldsboro and 
Beaufort Railroad, N. C, 1854-58; and of Abingdon and Cumberland Gap 
Raifroad, Va., 1857-61. 

* Capt. Van Sweariiigen was shot by the onomy's concontratod doiflly flro upm Ave com 
panies of his rogjiniiit, while pressing forwanl ti tUn altick, liPco a " moving battury," till 
nearly cut ui), ami low were left uninjureJ. In the language of the ollloial rtospalch of the 
battle, "Capt. Van Swearingon, Lieutenant Bronlco, an I Adjutant Cjntor, who fell on that day, 
had no superior of their years in the S3rvice, auj in point of chivalry, ranlced among the lirst 
in the army or nation. 



U. S. MILITARY VCADEMY. 269 



NuMBEB. 1S25. Class Eank. 



CLASS OF 1825. 

392. (Bom Pa.) ALEXANDER D. BACHE (Ap'dPa.).! 

Military History. —Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineeks, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., Coeps of Engineeks, July 1, 1825. 
Served: at the Military Academy, as As'st. Professor of Engineering, Aug. 31, 
1825, to July 31, 1826; and as Asst. Engineer in the construction of Ft. Adams, 
Newijort harbor, R. L, 1826-29. 

Eesigned, June 1, 1829. 

Civil History. — Professor of Natural Philosophy and Chemistry, Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, 1828-30, and 1842-43. President of Gii-ard College, 
Philadelphia, Pa., 1836-41. Principal of High School (re-organized by him 
in 1839), Philadelphia, Pa., 1841-42. Superintendent of Public Schools, 
Philadelphia, Pa., 1841-42. Member of the Board of Assay Commissioners at 
the Philadelphia Mint, Pa., 1839. Superintendent of the Geodetic and 
Hydrogi-aphic Survey of the Coasts of the United States, and of the Office of 
Weights and Measures, Dec. 12, 1843, to Feb. 17, 1867. Regent of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, Washington, D. C, from its establishment, Aug. 10, 1846, 
to Feb. 17, 1867. Member of the Light-house Board, 1851-52, and of it, as 
permanently established, Oct. 9, 1852, to Feb. 17, 1867. Member of Commis- 
sion for devising projects for the improvement of Charleston harbor, S. C, 
1852; of Savannah Rivei-, Ga., 1852; of the James and Appomattox Rivers, 
Va., 1853-54; of Cape Fear River, N. C, 1853 and 1858; of Portland harbor. 
Me., 1854-55; of New York harbor and adjacent waters, 1855-57; of Boston 
harbor, Mas., 1860-60; and of Mobile Bay and harbor, 1860. Degree of A. M., 
conferred by Yale College, Ct., 1830; and of LL. D., by University of the 
City of New York, 1830, — by University of Pennsylvania, 1837, — and by Har- 
vard University, Mas., 1851. Author of a Report on "European Systems of 
Instruction," 1839, and of numerous papers on scientific subjects,' 1829-66. 
Member of Prussian Industrial Union of Berhn, Dec. 28, 1837, — of Academy 
of Science, Institute of Bologna, Italy, May 20, 1838, — and of Bohemian Indus- 
trial Society, Prague, Jan. 31, 1839. Foreign Member of Statistical Society 
of London, Mar. 15, 1839. Corresponding Member of Royal Academy of 
Turin, Italy, Apr. 7, 1839. Honorary Member of Mathematical Society of 
Hamburg, Jan. 7, 1840. Foreign Correspondent of Sciences and Belles Lettres, 
Brussels, May 10, 1842. Foreign Member of Geogi-ajihical Society of Berlin, 
June 30, 1849. Associate of Royal Astronomical Society, London, June 14, 

1850. Foreign Correspondent of "Societe de Geographie," Paris, Apr. 4, 

1851. Member of the Institute of France, Aug. 12,1861. Diploma, "Industry 
of all Nations," London, Oct. 15, 1851. Honorary Member of Royal Irish 
Academy, Dublin, June 28, 185.5,— and of Royal and Imperial Geographical 
Society of Vienna, Oct. 14, 1857. Honorary Fellow of Royal Society of Edin- 
burg. Mar. 15, 1858. Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London, May, 
1860. Recipient of Victoria Gold Medal, from the Royal Geographical Society 
of Great Britain, May 24, 1858, for "Successful Labors in carrying out the 
great Coast Survey of the United States, " — of Gold Medal from the King of 
Sardinia, Jan. 14, 1859, for ' ' Scientific Mei-it as exemplified in the publications 
of the Coast Survey," — of Gold Medal from the King of Sweden, Feb. 27, 1855, 
as a "Mark of high satisfaction afforded by the Coast Survey Charts, " — and of 
the Danish Cross of Dannebrog, Nov. 11, 1856, for "Services in the General 
Field of Science. " President of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, 1850 and 1851. Member of various scientific associations in 
the United States, 1828-67. Member of United States Sanitary Commission, 
June 13, 1861, to Feb. 17, 1867. Corporator and President of the American 



270 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK. 1825. Class Rank. 



Academy of Sciences, Mar. 3, 1863, to Feb. 17, 18(57. Chief Engineer for 
devising and constructing the defenses of Philadelphia, Pa. , when tlu-eatened 
by the Kebel Invasion of Pennsylvania, June to Dec., 1863. 

Died, Feb. 17, 1867, at Newpokt, R. L : Aged 60. * 



393.. (Born N. Y.) PETER McMARTIN (Ap'd N. I.).. 2 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy fi-om Sep. 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the i\jmy to 
Btt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1825. 
Served: at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Chemistry, Miner- 
alogy, and Geology, Aug. 31 to Dec. 2, 1825; and as Asst. Engineer in the con- 
struction of the defenses of the Chef Menteur Pass to New Orleans, La., 
1825-26. 

Resigned, Sep. 30, 1826. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law, Albany, N. Y., 1826-27. 
Died, 1827, at Axbant, N. Y. : Aged 24. 

* At a meeting of the A,ssistants of the Coast Survey, Feb. 18, 1867, the following Resolution 
was adopted, " as a tribute to the memory of their respected and honored Chief, and beloved 
and valued friend :" 

' ' That, iu the death of Professor Alexandek Dallas Bache, Superintendent of the United States 
Coast Survey, the country has lost an eminent and faithful public servant, science its highest 
representative in America, and the Coast Survey its wise, prudent, and energetic Chief, under 
whose careful administration and guardianship it has attained and maintained its present 
vigorous existence." 

The Secretary of the Treasury announced his death in the following order, of Feb. 19, 1867 : 

" Treascsy Depaetme-vt, February 19.1867. 

" In the death of the Superintendent of the Coast Survey, PKOFEbSOR B.^che, the Department 
mourns the loss of one of its most valuable and most highly cherished officers. His decease 
occurred at New|iort, R. I., on the 17lh inst., in his sixty-first year. 

" No man within the present geaeration was more widely known in the walks of practical 
science ; none has been so closely identified with collateral service in the various public 
departments. 

" Alexander Dallas Bache was born at Philadelphia, in April, 1806. He was graduated at 
the Military Academy in 1825, and there remained a year as Assistant Professor. Subsoqently, 
having resigned from the Corps of Engineers, he filled, at intervals, imtil the year 1843, an 
important chili;' iu the University of Pennsylvania. 

'• Within the same poiiod he was, during live years, President of Girard College, and matured 
the system of education adopted for the PhilaJolphia High School, yielding to that object time 
for examining the principles of systematic education in Europe. 

"His devotion to practical science, and his abilities as an administrative oflJcer being well 
known, Profjssor Bache was appointed, in December, 1843, to the vacantpost of Superintendent 
of the Coast Survey. Under his direction, that great national work has been eminent, no less 
for its abunUmt resilts than for its hi,'h sciontilic character, which has won the approbation of 
the leading learned bodies of the world, among whom his name has long been held in honor. 
He possessed by nature the qualities m ist conducive to susco.^s in the management of widely 
extended public interests. Invariably mild and forbearing towards those serving under his 
direction, his unremitting energies and his untiring patience were as invariably given to the 
accomplislitn->nt of the service in view. 

" His sympathy with the effarts of others, and readiness to give credit for their exertions, 
secured a cordial spirit of co-operation. Sagacity, perfect freedom from bias, and constant 
activity within the sphere of his public duties, strongly marked his relations with this Depart- 
ment. 

"Ho was a member of the Light-house Board, and participated in its organization ; a Regent 
of the Smithsonian Institution ; and ever the valued associate of leading men to whom are com- 
mittal qiostions in regard to matters of public utility. His advice was eagerly sought in the 
determination of many local and general facilities to further the interests of commerce and 
navigation. 

" that tlio deceased Superintendent had bocomo illustrious in America and in Europe is duo to 
the steady devotion of his great talents to the service of the people. 

"His gMiial disposition attract;! the love of associates and of subordinates; his wisdom 
comman led their respect. Ho leaves us a name of unsullied purity, and a memory that adds 
lustre t) the many public records upon which it is borne. 

"As a tribute to his memory, tho Coast Survey Office will be draped in black, and Will be 
closed on the day of tho funeral. 

"Hugh McCulloch, Secretary of the Treasury." 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 271 



Number. IS^O. Cla.ss Eanb. 



394 . . (Bom Pa. ) • . • . ALEXANDER H. BOWMAN (Ap'd Pa. ) . . 3 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1821, to July 1, 18"25, wheu he was graduated and promoted iu the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., Cokps of Engineers, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut.. Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1825. 

Served : at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Geography, History, 

and Ethics, Aug. 31, 1825, to June 15, 182G: as Asst. Engineer iu the con- 

stniction of the Defenses, and of the Improvement of Harbors and Kivers on 

the Gulf of Mexico, 182G-34; as Superintending Engineer of Military Koad 

from Memphis, Ten., to the St. Francis Kiver, Arli., 1834-39, — of the Improve- 

(FiRST Lieut., Corps op Engineers, Jan. 21, 1835) 
ment of Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, 1834-38, — of the construction of 
Ft. Sumter, and repairs of the Fortitications for the defense of Charleston 
harbor, S. C., and preservation of their sites by Jetties, etc., 1838-51, 1852-53; 

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, July 7, 1838) 
as Member of special Board of Engineers for devising the means for protect- 
ing the site of Ft. M'Ree, Peusacola harbor, Fla., 1847; as Insti'uotor of Prac- 
tical Mihtary Engineering at the Military Academy, and Commandant of Sap- 
pers, Miners, and Pontoniers, at West Point, N. Y., May 19, 1851, to June 1, 
1852; as Superintending Engineer of the Improvement of Charleston harbor, 
S. C, and iu charge of Survey of Georgetown harbor, S. C. , 1852-53; as Mem- 
ber of Commission for devising a project for the Improvement of Savannah 
River, Ga., 1852; as Chief Engineer of the Construction Bureau of the U. S. 
Treasury Department, and Superintending Engineer of Treasury Building 

(Major, Corps of Engineers, Jan. 5, 1857) 
Extension, 1853-61; and as Member of the Light-house Board, 1857-59. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-G5: as Sujjerin- 
tendent of the U. S. Military Academy (Colonel ex-officio), Mar. 1, 18(31; to 
July 8, 1864; as Member of Naval and Engineer Commission for selecting site 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863) 
for Naval EstabUshment on the Western Rivers, Aug. 5, 1864, to Feb. 11, 
1865; and as Memljer of the Board of Engineers, June 20 to Nov. 11, 1865, 
to carry out in detail the moditications of the defenses in the vicinity of Bos- 
ton, Mas., as proposed by the Board of Jan. 27, 1864. 

Died, Nov. 11, 1865, at Wilkes-Barre, Pa. : Aged 62. 



395.. (Bom N. Y.). .. .THOMPSON S.BROWN* (Ap'd N. Y.)..4 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. IMilitary Academy fi-om July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1825. 

Sei-ved: at the Militarj' Academy, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Aug. 31 
to Dec. 2, 1825 ; as Asst. Engineer in the constraction of Ft. Adams, R. I., 
1825-26; as ^Ude-de-Camp to Major-General BroMTi, General-in-Chief, Dec. 1, 
1826, to Feb. 24, 1828; as Asst. Engineer in the construction of Ft. Adams, 
Newport harbor, R. I., 1828-33; as Superintending Engineer of the Improve- 
ment of Arkansas River, 1833, — of the Cumberland Road, in IlUnois, 1833-34, 

* AVas the son of Major Samuel Brown, and nephew of General Jacob Brown, General-in-OiicI 
of the U. S. Army. 



272 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1825. Class Rank. 

— of the construction and repairs of the fortifications for the defense of Charles- 
ton Harbor, S. C. , and preservation of their sites, 1834-35, — and of the improve- 

(FiKST Lieut. , Coep of Engixeeks, IMax 15, 1835) 
ment of Lake Erie Harbors and Light-houses, 1835-36. 
Resigned, Oct. 31, 1836. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer in the United States, 1836-49 ; and in 
Russia, 1849-51. Chief Engineer, Buffixlo, N. Y., and Erie, Pa., Railroad, 
1836-38. Civil Engineer in the ser\dce of the United States, superintending 
Harbor Improvements on Lake Erie, 1836-38. Chief Engineer of Western 
Di^^sion of New York and Erie Railroad, 1838-42, — and of the entire road, 
1842-49. Consulting Engineer in the service of the Czar of Russia, of the St. 
Petersburg and Moscow Railroad, Russia, 1849-54. 

Died, June 30, 1855, at Naples, Italy: Aged 48. 



396 . . (Bom Ten. ) DANIEL S. DONELSON (Ap'd Ten. ) . . 5 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., 3d Aetilleky, July 1, 1825. 
On leave of absence, July 1, 1825, to Jan. 22, 1826. 
Resigned, Jan. 22, 1826. 

Civil History.— Brigade Major, Tennessee Militia, 1827-29,— and Brig.- 
General, 1829-34. Member of the House of Representatives of the State of 
Tennessee, 1841^3, and 1855-61; and Speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives, 1859-61. Planter, Sumner County, Ten., 1826-34,— in Florida Terri- 
tory, 1834-36,— and Sumner County, Ten., 1836-61. 

Joined in the Rebellion of 1861-66 against the United States. 
Died, 1863, at Napoleon, Aek. : Aged 61. 



397. (Bom Ct.) STEPHEN V. R. RYAN (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 6 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 1st Artilleey, July 1, 1825. 
"Second Lieut., 1st Artilleey, July 1, 1825. 
Served: in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1827-29: 
in conducting recruits to Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1829-30; in garrison at Ft. Mon- 
roe, Va. (ArtUlci-y School for Practice), 1830; on Ordnance duty, Oct. 29, 
1830, to June 18, 1831; on Commissary duty at Little Rock, Ark., 1831-32; 
and on leave of absence, 1832-33. 

Resigned, Mae. 31, 1833. 

Civil History.— Brig. -General, Arkansas Militia, 1835 to 18--. Merchant, 
Napoleon, Ark., 1835 to 18 — . Agent for Transportation, in the service of the 
U. S. Quartermaster Department, 18— to 18 — . 

Deed, 1840, at Napoleon, Ark. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 273 



Number. 1825. Class Kank. 



398. (Born N. H.) RAPHAEL C. SMEAD (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 7 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. IVIilitary Academj' fi-om July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and i^romoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Llexit., 4th Aetilleey, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 4th Aetllleey, July 1, 1825. 
Served: at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Aug. 31, 
1825, to Apr. 20, 182G; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for 
Practice), 1826-28; on Ordnance duty. Mar. 6, 1828, to June 20, 1832; in gar- 
rison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1832,— and Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1832-33; on 

(FiEST Lieut., 4th Aetilleky, Sep. 30, 1832) 
Engineer duty, Mar. 27, 1833, to June 28, 1836; in the Florida War, 1836-37; 
on Engineer duty, Apr. 26, 1837, to Sep. 27, 1838; in the Florida War, 1838-39; 
in garrison at Ft. Coliunbus. N. Y., 1839; at the Camp of Instniction near 
Trenton, N. J. , 1839 ; on the Northern Frontier dming Canada Border Dis- 
tm-bances, at Detroit, Mich., 1839-41,— and Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1841-42; 
in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1842-45; in MiUtary Occupation of Texas, 

(Captain, 4th Aetilleey, Oct. 13, 1845) 
1845-46; in the War with Mexico, 1846-47, being engaged in the Battle of 
Palo Alto, May 8, 1846,— Battle of Resaca-de-la-Pahna, May 9, 1846,— Battle 
of Monterey, Sep. 21-23, 1846,— and Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847; 
on Recruiting sei-vice, 1847; and in the War with Mexico, 1847-48, at Toluca, 
Mex. 

Died, Aug. 20, 1848, at Ft. Monroe, Va. : Aged 46. 



399.. (Bom S. C.) BENJAMIN HUGER * (Ap'd S. C.)..8: 

Militciry History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was gi-aduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Aetilleey, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 3d Aetilleey, July 1, 1825. 

Served: on Topographical duty, July 22 to Jan. 1, 1828; on leave of absence 

in Europe, 1828-30; on Recruiting service, 1830; in garrison at Ft. TnimbuU, 

Ct., 1830 ; on Ordnance duty, Mai'. 31, 1831, to May '30, 1832 ; in command of 

(Captain, Oednance, May 30, 1832) 

Ft. Monroe Arsenal, Va., 1832-39; as Member of the Ordnance Board, Apr. 16, 

1839, to Oct. 8, 1846, — and of a Military Commission, on professional duty in 

Europe, 1840-41 ; in command of Ft. Monroe Arsenal, Va., 1841-46 ; as Chief 

of Ordnance of the Army, under command of Major-General Scott, in the War 

with Mexico, 1847-48, having charge of the Siege Train in the Siege of Vera 

Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Battle of 

(Bvt. Ma.toe, M.ui. 29, 1847, for Gallant and Meritoeious Conduct 

AT the Siege of Veea Ceuz, Mex. ) 

Molino del Rey, Sep. 8, 1847,— and Operations before and Capture of the City 

(Bvt. Leeut.-Col., Sep. 8, 1847, for Gallant and Meeitoeious Conduct 

IN the Battle of Molino del Rey, Mex. ) 

* Was the son of Colonel Francis K. Hager, Aide-de-Camp to Gcucriil Wilkinson, 1800, and 
Adjutant-General, 1813. 

]8 



274 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBBE. 182o. Class Rank. 



of Mexico, Sep. 13-14, 1847;* iu command of Ft. Monroe Arsenal, Va., 1848-51; 
(BvT. Colonel, Sep. 13, 1847, for G.\.llant and Meritoeious 
Conduct in the Battle of Chapultepec, Mex. ) 
as Member of a Board, 1849-.51, to devise "A Complete System of Instruction 
for Siege, Gun-ison, Sea-coast, and Mountain Artilleiy," adopted May 10, 1851, 
for the service of the United States; in command of Harjjer's Ferry Armory, 
Va., 1851-54,— of Pikesville Ai-senal, Md., 1854-60,— of Charleston Ai-senal, 

(Major, Ordnance, Feb. 15, 1855) 
S. C, I860,— and of Pikesville Arsenal, Md., 1860-61. 
Kesigned, Apr. 22, 1861. 
Joined in the Rebellion of 1861-66 against the United States. 



400. .(Bom Va.) FRANCIS TAYLOR (Ap'd Va.). .9 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lteut., 4th Artillert, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Served: in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (AitiUery School for Practice), 1826-28, 
—Ft. Severn, Md., 1828,— Bellona Arsenal, Va., 1828,— Ft. Severn, Md.. 1828,— 
Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1828-32,— and Charleston har- 
bor, S. C, 1832-33, during South Carolina's thi-eatened nulhticalion ; in Creek 
Nation, 1833-34; in gamson at Ft. Severn, Md., 1834-36; in the Florida 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Jan. 31, 1833) 
War against the Seminole Indians, 1836-37, being engaged in the Battle of 
Wahoo Swamp, Nov. 21, 1836 ; on Commissarj' and Quartermaster duty, 
1837-38 ; in garrison at Plattsburgh, N. Y., 1838-39, during Canada Border 

(Captain, 1st Artillery, July 7, 1838) 
Disturbances ; at Camp of Instruction near Trenton, N. J., 1839 ; in garrison 
at Plattsburgh, N. Y., 1839-40, 1840-42,— and Ft. Adams, R. L, 1842-44; in 
superintending pubhcation of Artillery Tactics at Washington, D. C, 1844-45; 
in garrison at Ft. Adams, R. I., 1845,— and Pensacola harbor, Fla., 1845-46; 
in the War with Mexico, 1846 48, being engaged in the Siege of Vera Cniz, 
Mar. 9 29, 1847.— Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Skirmish of La 
(Bvt. M.UOR, Apr. 18, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
in the Battle of Cerro Goiux), Mex. ) 
Hoya, June 20, 1847,— Skirmish of Oka Lakii, Aug. 16, 1847,— Battle of Con- 
treras, Aug. 19-20, 1847,— Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847, —and Assault 
(Bvt. Lieut. -Col., Aug. 20, 18-17, for G^vllant and Meritorious Conduct 
IN THE Battle of Churubusco, Mex. ) 
and Capture of the City of Mexico. Sep. 13-14, 1847; in gan-ison at New York 
harbor, 1848 50; as Member of a Board of Officers, 1849-51, to devise "A Com- 
plete System of Instruction for Siege, Gamson, Sea-coast, and Mountain Artil- 
lery," which was adopted May 10, 1851, for the .service of the United States; iu 
garrison at Ft. M'Henry, Md., 1850-55,- -Ft. Monroe, Va., 1855-56,— and Ft. 

(Major, Ibt Artillery, Mar. 3, 1855) 
M'Henry, Md., 1856; and on frontier duty at Ft. Brown, Tex., 1856-58. 
Died, Oct. 12, 1858, at Fort Brown, Tes. : Aged 53. 

* For bis "Meritorious Conduct and Gallantry" in the War with Mexico, he was presented, is 
1852, by his native State, South Carolina, with a Sword of Honor. 



U. 8. MILITARY ACADEMY. 275 



Number. 1825. Class Kank. 

401. (Born S. C.) ABBOTT H. BRISBANE (Ap'd S. C.) .10 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Served on Topographical duty, Dec. 5, 1825, to Jan. 1, 1828. 

Eesigned, Jan 1, 1828. 
Served in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1835-36, as 
Colonel, S. C. Volunteers, Feb. 7, 1836, 
being engaged in the Skirmish of Tomoka, Mar. 10, 1836. 
Disbanded, May 7, 1836. 

Civil History.— Asst. Engineer of projected Railroad from Charleston, S. C, 
to Cincinnati, O., 1836. Brig. -General, South CaroUna Militia, 1836-37. Chief 
Engineer of the State of Georgia, for examination of mountain passes for loca- 
tion of Western and Atlantic Raikoad, Ga., 1836. Constructing Engineer, 
Western and Atlantic Railroad, Ga., 1836-40. Chief Engineer, Ocmulgee and 
Flint Railroad, Ga., 1840^1. Superintending Engineer of an Artesian Well 
for the supply of Water to fie City of Charleston, S. C, 18-47^8. Professor of 
Belles Lettres and Ethics, S Juth Carolina Military Academy, 1848-53. Planter, 
near Charleston, S. C, since 1853. Author of "Ralph ton; or, the Young Car- 
olinian of 1776 " — a political romance. 



402 . . (Bom Ct ) . . . . "WILLIAM FENN HOPKINS (Ap'd Ct. ) . . 11 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 1, 

1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1825. 

Served: at the Mihtary Academy, 1825-35, as Asst. Professor of Chemistry, 

Mineralogy, and Geology, Oct. 1, 1826, to June 15, 1827, — and Acting Professor 

(First Lieut. , 4th Artillery, Sep. 14, 1834) 
of Chemisti-y, Mineralogy, and Geologj', June 15, 1827, to Aug. 31, 1835 ; and 
on leave of absence, 1835-36. 

Resigned, Junte 30, 1836. 

Civil History.— Merchant, 1836-43. Elected Asst. Professor of Mathe- 
matics, -Jefferson College, La., 1837 (declined). Principal of Norfolk Academy, 
Va., 1843-46. Adjunct Superintendent, and Professor of Natural Sciences, 
with the rank of Lieut. -Colonel, of Western iMilitary Institute, Georgetown. 
Kj'., 1846-49. President and Professor of Mathematics of Masonic Univer.sity 
of Tennessee, at Clarksville, Ten., 1849. Professor of Chemistry and Natural 
Philosophy, William and Mary Colli'ge, Williamsburg, Va., 1849-50. Professor 
of Natural and Experimental Philosophy in the U. S. Naval Academy, at 
Annapolis, Md., Sep. 1, 1850, to Mar. 1. 1859. U. S. Consul at Jamaica, W. L, 
Mar. 1 to .July 13, 1859. Degree of A. M., conferred by Yale College, Ct., 1833: 
and of LL. D., by Trinity CoUege, Geneva, N. Y., 1853. 

Deed, July 13, 1859, at the Island of Jamaica, W. L : Aged 57. 



276 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1825. Class Eank. 

403 . (Born N. Y. ) ■ "WILLIAM A. THORNTON (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 12 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted ui the Ai-my to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Ajitillery, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 4th Aktilleey, July 1, 1825. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1825-26; 

uu sm-vey of Dismal Swamp Canal, 1826; at the Military Academy, as Asst- 

Instructor of Inlknti-y Tactics, Sep. 21, 1826, to July 16, 1829; on Orchiance 

duty at WatertoTSTi'iVi-senal, Mas., July 16, 1829, to Sep. 26, 1831; in gan-ison 

at Ft. Monroe, Va. (ArtQlery School for Practice), 1831-32; on the "Black 

Hawk Expedition," 1832, but not at the seat of war; in garrison at Charleston 

harbor. S. C, 1832 33, dui-ing South Carolina's threatened nullification; on 

Ordnance duty at Watervliet Ai-senal, N. Y., Mar. 27, 1833, to Oct. 15, 1836; 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Jan. 31, 1835) 
ill the Florida War, on Quartermaster duty, 1836-37; on Ordnance duty at 
W'utervUet Arsenal, N. Y., May 15, 1837, to July 7, 1838; as Asst. Ordnance 
OiMcer on Niagara Frontier, July 7 to Oct. 27, 1838; in command of Mt. Vernon 

(Captain, Ordnance, July 7, 1838) 
Ari^enal, Ala., and piittiug iu order the armament of the Gulf Defenses, 1838-40, 
— and of New York Orduance Depot, 1840-48; as Inspector of Contract Arms, 
1840-54 ; in command of Watertown Arsenal, Mas. , 1842 (duiing the Doit Out- 

(BvT. Major, May 30, 1848, for Meritorious Conduct) 
break ia Ehode Island), and 1848-51, — and of New York Ordnance Depot, 
l«.Jl-54; as Member of Ordnance Board for the trial of Small Ai-ms, Jan. 13 to 
Feb. 19, 1855; in command of St. Louis Ai'senal, Mo., 1855; as Chief of Ord- 
nance of the Department of New Mexico, Aug. 31, 1855, to Oct. 1, 1857; as 
Member of Ordnance Board for testing the strength of heavy guns and gun 
caniages, Jan. 6-19, 1858; in preparing building materials, at "VVatervliet, N. Y., 
for an Arsenal in CaUforuia, 1858; in command of New York Ordnance Depot, 

(Major, Ordnance, May 28, 1861) 
and as Inspector of Contract Arms, 1858-61 ; and as Member of Board to 
test the merits of James and Schencle's Rifled Cannon, 1859. 

Served during the Eebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66: in command 

of Watervliet Ai-senal, N. Y., May 14, 1861, to Dec. 17, 1863; as Inspector of 

(Lieut. -Colonel, Ordnance, Mar. 3, 1863) 

(Colonel, Ordnance, Sep. 15, 1863) 

Contract Arms and Ordnance, Dec. 17, 1863, to Apr. 6, 1866; and in command 

(Btt. Brig. -General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Faithful and 

Meritorious Services in the Ordnance Department) 

of New York Ai-senal, June 19, 1865, to Apr. 6, 1866. 

Died, Ape. 6, 1866, at Governor's Island, N. Y. : Aged 63. • 



404 (Bom N. H.) JOSEPH W. HARRIS (Ap'd N. H.), .13 

Military History. -Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1821. to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut.. 4th Artillery, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1825. 

Served: in gan-ison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1826,— 

Charleston harbor, S. C, 1826-27,— St. Augustine, Fla., 1827,— Ft. Preble, 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 277 



NuMBEB. 1825. Class Rank. 

Me., 1827-32,— Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1832-33, -and Ft. Monroe, Va., 1833; and ou 

(First Lieut., 3d Artilleky, June 30, 1833) 
Commissai-v duty (sub.sisting and emigrating Indians), Aug. 12, 1833, to 
Apr. 21, 1837. 

Died, May 18, 1837, at Portsmouth, N. H. : Aged 32. 



405 . . (Born Ga. ) MATTHEW J. WILLIAMS * (Ap'd Ga. ) . . 14 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. ^Military Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Secoxd Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Sen'ed in gan-isou at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1826, — 
(Te.\xsferred to 3d Infantry, Apr. 19, 1826) 
Ft. Howard, Wis., 1826,— and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1827. 
Resigned, Oct. 31, 1827. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, LawTenceville, Ga., 1829-35. Teacher 
of High School, Cokesbeny, S. C, 1835-40; and Principal of same School, 
1840-46. Major of Georgia Militia, 18— to 18—. Member of the Conven- 
tion for Remodelling the Constitution of Georgia, 1833. Professor of Mathe- 
matics, Natural Philosophy, and Astronomy, South Carolina College, Colum- 
bia, S. C, 1646-54. President of the Board of Visitors to the U. S. Militaiy 
Academy, 1850. Residence, Marietta, Ga. 



406. . (Born Ky.) ROBERT ANDERSON (Ap'd Ky.) . . 15 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1821, to Juh 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Served : as Private Secretaiy to the U. S. Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy 
Extraordinary to the Republic of Columbia, Oct., 1825, to Jul3% 1826; in garri- 
son at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice\ 1826-28; on Oi-dnance 
duty. Mar. 6, 1828, to May 9, 1832; as Col. Staff (Asst. Inspector-General) 
of Illinois Volunteers, May 9 to Oct. 11, 1832, in the Campaign against the 
Sac Indians, under "Black Hawk," being engaged in the Battle of Bad Axe, 
Aug. 2, 1832; on Ordnance duty, Oct. 11, 1832, to Dec. 31, 1833; in garrison 

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, June 30, 1833) 
at Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1834; on Ordnance duty, Dec. 6, 1834, to May 5, 
1835; in gan-ison at Ft. Constitution. N. H., 1835; at the iMilitary Academy, 
1835-37, as Asst. Instructor of Artillery, Sep. 10 to Dec. 1, 1835,— and Instruc- 
tor of ArtiUeiw, Dec. 1. 1835 to Nov. 6, 1837; in the Florida War against the 
Seminole Indians, 1837-38, being engaged in the Action of Locha-Hatchee, 
Jan. 24, 1838, — Capture of forty-five Indians near Ft. Lauderdale ^in command), 
(B\t. Captain, Apr. 2. 1838. for G.a^llantry and Successful Conduct 
in the War against the Florida Indians) 
Apr. 2, 1838,— and Skirmish in the Everglades, Apr. 24, 1838; in the Cherokee 



* Named Maitukw R. T. Harrison, wUcq he was graduated. 



278 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1825. Class Rank, 



Nation, as Aide-de-Camp to Major-Gcneral Scott, May 9 to Jiily 7, 1838, 
(BvT. Capt. Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, July 7, 1838, 
TO Nov. 30, 1841) 
while emigi-atiuf? the Indians to the West; as Asst. Adjutant-General of Eastern 
Department, July 7, 1838, to July, 1811; on Board of Officers to examine his 
translation of "instruction for Field Artillery, " 1811-43, and 1844; ingaaxisou 

(CiPT.viN, 3d Artillery, Oct. 23, 1841) 
at Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1845-4G,— Ft. Marion, Fla., 184G,— and at Ft. Brooke, 
Fla., 184G-47; in the War with Mexico, 1847, being engaged in the Siege of 
Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of Ccrro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Skir- 
mish of Amazoque, May 14, 1847,— and Battle of Mohuo del Rey, Sep. 8, 1847, 
(BvT. Major, Sep. 8, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
IN the Battle of Molino del Rey, Mex. ) 
where he was severely wounded in the Assault of the enemy's works; on sick 
leave of absence, disabled by wound, 1847-48; in garrison at Ft. Preble, Me., 
1848-49; as Member of Board of Officers, 1849-51, to devise " A Complete Sys- 
tem of Instruction for Siege, Ganison, Sea-coast, and Mountain Artillery, "which 
was adopted May 10, 1851, for the service of the United States; in garrison at Ft. 
Pi-eble, Me., 1850-53; as Governor of Harrodsburg Branch Military Asylum, 
Ky., June 11, 1853, to Nov. 1, 1854; as Member of Board for the Armament of 
Fortifications, 1854-55; as Inspector of Iron-work manufixctm-ed at Trenton, 
N. J., for public buildings constinicted under the Treasury De2iartment, 
July 20, 1855, to Nov. 15, 1859; as Member of a Board to arrange the pro- 

(Major, 1st Artillery, Oct. 5, 1857) 
gramme of Instruction at the Aiiilleiy School for Practice at Ft. Monroe, Va. . 
1859-GO, — and of the Commission created by Act of June 21, 1860, to examin j 
into the Organization, System of Discipline, and Course of Instruction at the 
U. S. Mihtary Academy, July 18 to Dec. 13, 1860; and in command of thj 
defenses of Charleston harbor, S. C, 1860-61. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-66 : in Defense 
of Ft. Sumter, S. C. (to which he had transferred the garrison of Ft. Moul- 
trie), Dec. 26, 1860, to Apr. 13, 1861, sustaining a heavy Bombardment of the 
work, Apr. 12-13, 1861; in command of the Department of Kcntuckj', May 28, 

(Brig. -General, U. S. Army, M.\y 15, 1861) 

to Aug. 15, 1861, — and of the Department of the Cumberland, Aug. 15 to 

Oct. 8, 1861; in waiting orders, 1861-63 ; in command of Ft. Adams, R. I., 

Aug. 19 to Oct. 27, 1863; and at New I'ork city, on the Staff of the General 

Retired from Active Service, Oct. 27, 1863, for Disability resulting 

FROM Long and Faithful Service, and Wounds and Disease 

contracted in thk Line of Duty) 

commanding the Eastern Department, since Oct. 27, 1863. 

Bvt. Maj.-Gener.vl, U. S. Army, Feb. 3, 1865, for Gallant and 

Meritorious Service in the Harbor of Charleston, S. C, 

IN THE Defense of Fort Sumter. 

Civil History. — Translator, from the French, of "Instructions for Field 
Artillery Horse and Foot," for the service of the United States, 1840; and of 
"Evolutions of Field Batteries, " 1860. 



407 . ( Born N. Y. ) . . . ALEXANDER D. MACKAY .... (Ap'd N. Y. ) . . 16 

Militai-y History. Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from Sep. 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1825. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 279 



Number. 1825. Class Bank. 



Served: at the Military Academy, as Asst. Teacher of Drawing, Aug. 31, 1825, 
to Aug. 30, 1826; on Topographical duty, Aug. 30, 1826, to Mar. 6, 1828; in 
gan-ison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1828; on Topo- 
graphical duty, Oct. 2i, 1828, to Dec. 31, 1833 ; in garrison at Ft. Washington, 

(FiEST Lieut., 1st Artillery, Feb 4, 1833) 
Md., 1833-35; and on Coast Survey, Apr. 22, 1835, to Dec. 17, 1836, when, 
while attempting to swim from the steamer Dolphin, which had burst her 
boiler off St. John's Bar, Fla. , he was 

Drowned, Dec. 17, 1836: Aged 32. 



408. (Bom Pa.) JAMES R. IRWIN (Ap'd Pa. ) . . 17 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 

1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Btt. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut. , 1st Artillery, July 1, 1825. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artilleiy School for Practice), 

1826-28; on Ordnance duty. Mar. 6, 1828. to Jan. 21, 1829; on Topographical 

duty, Jan. 21, 1829, to Jan. 19, 1833; on Engineer duty, Jan. 19, 1833, to 

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, May 31, 1833) 
June 2, 1834; in garrison at Ft. Macon, N. C, 1831-35,— and to Castle Pinck- 
ney, S. C, 1835; on Engineer duty, Oct. 3, 1835, to Jan. 6, 1836; in the 
Florida War against the Seminole Indians, 1836, 1837-38, being engaged in 
the Skirmish of Okihumphy Swamp, Mar. 30, 1836, — and Combat at Ft. Drane, 
(Bvt. Capt., Aug. 21, 1836, for Gallantry and Good Conduct 
in the War against the Florida Indians) 
Aug. 21, 1836; as Adjutant, 1st Artillery, at Eegimental headquarters, Oct. 10, 
1836, to May 23, 1838; on Quartermaster duty at Philadelphia, Pa., 1838^0, 

(Capt. Staff— Asst. Quartermaster, July 7, 1838) 
—Ft. Monroe, Va., 1841-4:3,- Jefiferson Barracks, Mo., 1843-44,— Newport, 

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Max 16, 1812, to June 18, 1846) 
Ky., 1844-46,— Military Occupation of Texas, at La Vacca, 1846,— and as Chief 
Quartermaster of the Army commanded by Major-General Scott, in the War 
with Mexico, Apr. 7, 1847, to Jan. 10, 1848, being present at the Battle of 
Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— 
Battle of Molino del Key, Sep. 8, 1847.— Storming of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 
1847,— Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico, Sep, 13-14, 1847,— and 
throughout the entire campaign served with the greatest zeal and efficiency, 
till he 

Died, Jan. 10, 1848, in the City of Mexico: Aged 47. 



409. (Bom N. Y.) HORACE SMITH (Ap'd N. Y.). .18 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. MiUtary Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted 'in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1825. 
Sei-ved: on Topographical duty, July 22. 1825, to Aiig. 29, 1826; and in gar- 
rison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1826-28. 
Died, Jan. 8, 1828, at St. Augustine, Fla. : Aged 24. 



280 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK. lS2o. Class Rank. 

410. . (Born Pa.) CHARLES F. SMITH • (Apd Pn.) . . 19 

Military History.— Cadet at the .U. H. Jlililary Academy fiom July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1825, when he -was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

B^T. Second Lieut., 2d Aetilleky, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 2d Aktilleey, July 1, 1825. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Delaware, Del., 1825-27, — and Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 

1827-29 ; at the Militaiy Academy, 1829-42, as Asst. Instructor of Inflxntry 

Tactics, June 25, 1829, to Sep. 1, 1831,— as Adjutant, Sep. 1, 1831, to Apr. 1, 

(First Lieut., 2d Aetilleky, ]VIay 30, 1832) 
1838, — and as Commandant of Cadets and Listmctor of Infantry Tactics, Apr. 1, 
1838, to Sep. 1, 1842 ; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1843-44,— and 

(Captain, 2d Aetilleey, July 7, 1838) 

Frankfort Arsenal, Pa., 1844-45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845^6; 

in the War with Mexico, 1846-48, being engaged in the Battle of l?alo Alto, 

May 8, 1846,— Battle of Eesaca-de-la-Palma, May 9, 1846,— Battle of Mon- 

(BvT. Major, May 9, 1846, fob Gallant and Distinguished Conduct 

nsf THE Battles of Palo Alto and Resaca-de-la-Palma, Tex. ) 

terey, Sep. 21-23, 1847, in command of the storming party which earned 

Federation Hill,— Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of Cerro 

(Btt. Lieut. -Col.., Sep. 23, 1846, for G.\iLANT Conduct in the 

seveeal Conflicts at Monterey, Mex. ) 

Gordo, AjDr. 17-18, 1847, — Skirmish of Amazoque. May 14, 1847, — Caj^ture of 

San Antonio, Aug. 20, 1847, — Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847, — Storm- 

(Bvt. CoLONEi, Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 

IN the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, ]Mex.) 

ing of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847, — Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico, 

Sep. 13-14, 1847,— and in command of Light Infantry Battalion, May 1 

to Nov. 3, 1847, and of the Police Guard of the City of Mexico, Sep., 1847, 

to June 4, 1848; in garrison at Ft Marion, Fla. 1849; as Member of a Board of 

Officers, 1849-51, to devise " A Complete System of Instruction fi)r Siege, 

Garrison, Sea-coast and Mountain .\rtillery," which was adopted, May 10, 1851, 

for the service of the United States ; as President of Board of Claims for 

supplies, etc., furnished by Colonel Fremont, in 1846, to California Volunteers, 

Sep. 7, 1852, to Apr. 3, 1855 ; in garrison at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 1855; on 

(Major, 1st Artillery, Nov. 25, 1854) 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 10th Infantry, Mar. 3, 1855) 

fi-ontier duty at Ft. Snelling, Min., 1855,— Ft. Cra\vfbrd. Wis., 1855-56,— Ft. 

SnelUng, Min., 1856, in command of Expedition to the Red River of the North, 

1856,— Ft. Snelling, Min., 1856-57,— and Utah Expedition, 1857 61, being in 

command of the Department of Utah, Feb. 29, 1860, to Feb. 28, 1861. 

Sei-ved during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-62: in command 
of the Dejiartment of Washington, Apr. 10-28, 1861; as Superintendent of Gen- 
eral Recruiting Service at Ft. Cohimbus, N. Y., Apr. 28 to Aug. 19, 1861; in 

(Brig.-Gener.'u., U. S. Volunteers, Aug. 31, 1861) 
command of District of Western Kentucky, headqnaiters at Paducah, Ky., 
Sep. 8, 1861, to Jan. 31, 1862; and in the Tennessee Campaign of 1862, being 

(Colonel, 3d Infantry, Sep. 9, 1861) 
engaged in tlie operations about Ft. Henry, Feb. 4-6, 1862,— Assault and Cap- 
ture of Ft Donelson, Feb. 13-16. 1862,— and in command of the advance upon 

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, M.iR. 21, 1862) 
Shiloh, Mar., 1862, but was taken sick before the battle, and 

Died, Apr. 25, 1862, at S.\vanna, Ten. : Aged 56. 

* Was the son of Dr. Samuel B. Smith, As.st. Surgeon, U. S. Army. 



MILITAKY ACADEMY. 281 



Number. 182.5. Class Kank. 

411 . . (Bom Va. ) . . . . WASHINGTON SEAWTGLL ( Ap'd Va. ) . . 20 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was gi'aduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 7th Ixfantey, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 182G-29; on Engineer duty, 

Aug. 6, 1829, to Nov. 20, 1831 ; as Disbursing Indian Agent, June 28, 1832, to 

(Ferst Lieut., 1st Dragoons, Mae. 4, 1833: Declined) 

(First Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 12, 1833) 

Aug. 20, 1834; on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1834; as Aide-de-Camp to 

Bvt. Brig. -General Arbuckle, Nov. 5, 1834, to May 5, 1836, being Secretary 

(Captain, 7th Infantry, July 31, 1836) 
to the Board of Indian Commissioners West, 1835-36; on frontier duty at Ft. 
Gibson. L T.. 1836-38,— Jefferson Ban-acks, Mo., 1836,— and Ft. Gibson, L T., 
1838-39; in the Florida War, 1839; on sick leave of absence, 1839-41; in the 
Florida War, 1841; in emigrating Indians, 1841-42; in the Florida War, 1842, 
(Bvt. Major, July 18. 1841, for Meritorious and Successful SEE■s^CEs 
IN THE War against the Florida Indians) 
in charge of Indian Affau-s; in garrison at Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1842-43; on Special 
duty, 1843 and 1844; in garrison at Baton Rouge, La., 1844, — Pass Christian, 
Mis., 1844, — and Baton Rouge, 1844-45; in MHitaiy Occupation of Texas, 
1845-46; in the War with Mexico, 1846, being engaged in the Defense of Ft. 
Brown, Tex., May 3-9, 1846; on Recriuting service, 1846-47; on Commissary 

(Major, 2d Infantry, Mae. 3, 1847) 
dutj-, 1847; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1848, — Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 
1848, — and Benicia, Cal., 1849-52; and on frontier duty at Ft. Chadbourne, 

(Lieut. -Colonel, 8th Infantry, Feb. 23, 1852) 
Tex., 1853,— Ringgold Barracks, Tex., 1853-54,— Ft. Davis, Tex., 1854-59,— 
in command of the Department of Texas, Dec. 10. 1859, to Oct. 17, 1860 
(headquarters at San Antonio, Tex., 1859-60,— and Ft. Davis, Tex., I860),— 

(,Colont:l, 6th Intantry, Oct. 17, 1860) 
and at Benicia, Cal., 1861. 

Retired from Active SER\acE, Feb. 20, 1862, for Disability resulttno 

FROM Exposure in the Line of Duty. 
Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1862-66 : as Chief Mus- 
tering and Disb^u■sing Officer for the State of Kentucky, Mar. , 1862, to Sep. , 
1863; as Chief Mustering and Disbur.sing Officer for the Department of the 
Pacific, Oct. 15, 1863, to Jan. 12, 1864, and since Nov., 1865; as Commi.s.sary 
of Musters and Superintendent of Recruiting Service of the Department of the 
(BvT. Brig. -General, U. S. Arsiy, Mar. 13, 1865, for Long and 
Faithful Services in the Aeiiy) 
Pacific, since Oct. 15, 1863; and Acting Asst. Provost Marshal General at San 
Francisco, Cal., Nov., 1865, to June, 1866. 



412 . . (Bom Va. ) LAWRENCE F. CARTER ( Ap'd Va. ) . 21 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. ]\lilitary Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 7th Infantey, July 1, 1825. 
Served : on frontier duty at Ft. Towson, I. T.. 1826-27,— and at Ft. Gibson, 
f First Lieut., 7th Infantry, Dec. 15, 1833) 
I T., 1827-37. 

Died, Jan. 19, 1837, at Ft. Gibson, I. T. : Aged 33. 



282 GEADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1825. Class Eank. 

413 . . (Bom N. C. ) FREDERICK NORCOM (Ap'd N. C. ) . • 22 

Military History. —Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, wheu he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Secoxd Lieut., 4:Th Infantrt, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut. , 3d Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Served in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 
(Transferred to 4th Artillery. Apr. 19, 1826) 
1826-28,— and Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1828-30, 1831-32. 
Resigned, Aug. 31, 1832. 

Civil History.— Counsellor at Law, North Carohua, 1832-35; and Missis- 
sippi, 1836 43. Member of the House of Commons of the State of North 
Carolina, 1833-34. Coxmsellor at Law, St, Louis, Mo., 1843-48. 
Died, Dec. 9, 1865, at New York City: Aged 62. 



414 . . (Born N. C. ) . . . . NATHANIEL H. STREET (Ap'd N. C. ) . . 23 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militai-y Academy from Jxily 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and pi'omoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Served in garrison at New Orleans, La., 1826. 

Resigned, Sep. 1, 1826. 

Civil History.— Planter, Newbern, N. C, 1826-60. Superintendent of 
Common Schools, Newbern, N. C, 1838-60. Member of the House of Com- 
mons of the State of North CaroUna, 1842; and of the Senate, 1846. History 
since 1860, unknown. 



415. .(Bom Mas.) JOSEPH S. WORTH (Ap'dN. t.) 24 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 6th Inf.4.ntry, July 1, 1825. 
Served : on Topographical duty, July 5, 1826, to Mar. 31, 1829; in gai-rison 
(First Lieut., 6th Intantry, Apr. 22, 1830) 
at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1829-31; on Recruiting seiwicc, 1831-34; in garri- 
son at Jefferson Ban-acks, Mo., 1835-36; on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 
1836,— Camp Sabine, La., 1830,— Caddo Country, 1836,— and Camp Sabine, 

(Captain, 6th Infantry, July 31, 1837) 
La., 1836-38; in the Florida War, 1838; on the Northern Frontier during 

(Transferred to 8th Infantry, July 7, 1838) 
Canada Border Disturbances, at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1839, —and Oswego, 
N. Y., 1839 40; in garrison at Jclferson Barracks, Mo., 1840; in the Florida 
War, 1840-41. 1842; in garrison at Ft. Shannon, Fla., 1842-43,— and Ft. Marion, 
Fla., 1843-45; and in MiUtarj' Oo<;upation of Texas, 1845. 

Died, July 21, 1840, at St. Augustine, Fla. : Aged 39. 



U. 8. MILITARY ACADEMY. 283 



NuMBEK. 1825. Class Rank. 

416..(BoruN. J.) N. SAYRE HARRIS (Ap'd N. J.). 25 

Military History. -Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated aud promoted iu the Ai'my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., oth Infantey, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. SneUiug, Min., 1825-26; in garrison at Jeffer- 
son Barracks, Mo., 1826 28; as Adjutant, 3d Infantry, at Eegimental head- 
quarters, Feb. 19, 1827, to Oct. 19, 1830; at the Mihtary Academy, as Asst. 

(First Lieut., 3d Infantry, Sep. 11, 1829) 
Instructor of Infantry Tactics, Jan. 21, 1831, to Jan. 1, 1834; and on Recruit- 
ing ser%'ice, 1834-35. 

Resigned, May 31, 1835. 

Civil History. — Clergyman, Protestant Episcopal Church, since 1837. 
Appointed Chaplain, U. S. Army, 1838: declined. Chaplain, Hudson Brigade, 
New Jersey Militia, since 1859. Residence, Hoboken, N. J. 



417. .(Born Md.) OSBORNE CROSS (Ap'd Md.). .26 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 4th Infantby, July 1, 1825. 

Served: in garrison at New Orleans, La., 1825-28; on frontier duty at Ft. 

(Transferred to 1st Infantby, Sep. 29, 1827) 

Snelling, Min., 1828-30, 1831-32; on Commissary duty, 1832-33; on Recruit- 

(FiEST Lieut., 1st Infantry, Dec. 31, 1831) 
ing service, 1833-34; on Engineer duty. May 27, 1834, to Nov. 19, 1835; on 
Quartermaster duty at New Orleans, La., 1836-38, — Baton Rouge, La., 
(Asst. Quartermaster, Jan. 1, 1836, to July 7, 1838) 
(Capt. Staff — Asst. Quartermaster, July 7, 1838) 
(Captain, 1st Infantry, July 7, 1838, to June 18, 1846) 
1839-40,— Tampa Bay, Fla., 1840,— New Orleans, La., 1840^1,— with the 
2d Dragoons, mo-\dng from Florida to the West of the Mississippi, 1841-42, — 
Ft. Towson, L T., 1842,— New Orleans, La., 1842-43,- Baton Rouge, La., 
1843-44,— Natchitoches, La., 1844-45, —Ft. Jesup, La., 1845,— Military Occu- 
pation of Texas, 1845,— New Orleans, La., 1845-46, —Military Occupation of 
Te.xas, 1846, — War \rith Mexico, as Chief Quartermaster of Brig. -General 
Wool's Division, 1846-47,— at Natchez, Mis., 1847, fitting out Volunteers for 

(Major Staff — Quartermaster, July 24, 1847) 
Mexico, — New Orleans, La., 1847-48, —Chief Quartermaster of the Army of 
Mexico, 1848,— Route to Oregon, 1849-50,— New York city, 1851-52,— and as 
Chief (Quartermaster of Pacific Division, May 14, 1852, to Mar. 4, 1857; and 
awaiting trial, and suspended, 1858-62. 

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1862-66: as Chief 
Quartennaster of the Ai-my of the Mississippi, at Pittsburg Landing, Ten., 
Apr. 13 to June 13, 1862,— and of the Camp of Insti-uction near Baltimore, 
Md., 1862 : on Inspection duty in North and South Carolina, and Department 
of the Giilf Oet 14, 1862, to Mar. 5, 1803; and as Chief Quartermaster, Pitts- 
(Lieut. -Colonel Staff — -Dep. Quartermaster-Gen., Feb. 26, 1863) 



284 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 18^. Class Rank. 

biirg Depot, Pa., Mar. 5, 1863, to Dec. 21, 186-5; ou leave of absence, Dec. 21, 
18G5, to Mar., 18G6; as Depot Quartermaster, Pittsburg, Pa., Mar. 8 to Aug. 15, 

(Coii. Statf — AssT. Qu.ujteumaster-Gen., July 29, 1866) 
1866; on leave of absence and awaiting orders, Aug. 15, 1866, to 
Retired fbom Active Service, July 29, 1866, under the Law of July 17, 
1862, he being oteu " the Age of 62 Years." 



418. .(Born Pa) JOSEPH BONNELL (Ap'd Pa.). .27 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. ^lilitary Academy from July 1, 

1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the ^^"my tc 

BvT. Second Lieut. , 5th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut. , 3d Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Served: on Recruiting service, 1825-26; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, 

Mo., 1826-27; on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1827-28; on Recrait- 

ing sei-vice, 1828-29; on frontier duty at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1829-30,— 

Des Moines Rapids, lo., 1830, -Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1830-31, — Ft. Jesup, 

(First Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 15, 1831) 
La,, 1831-36,— Camp Sabine, La., 1836,— and Ft. Jesup, La., 1836-38; on 

(Captain, 8th Infantry, July 7, 1838) 

Northern Frontier during Canada Border Disturbances, at Sackett's Harbor, 

N. Y., 1838-39,— Morristown, N. Y., 1839,— Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1839,— 

and Ogdensburg, N. Y., 1839-40; and on Recruiting service, 1840. 

Died, Sep. 27, 1840, at Philadelphia, Pa- : Aged 38. 



419.(BomN. D-.'WTLLIAM R. MONTGOMERY. . .(Ap'd N. J.). .28 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1825 
Second Lieut., 3d Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Served: in garrison at Ft. Howard, Wis., 1826. and Jefferson Barra-^ks, 
Mo., 1826-27; on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth. Kan., 1827 28,— Jeffer- 
son Barracks, Mo., 1829-30,— Choctaw Nation, 1S3!)-:!1,— and Ft. .Jesup. La., 
1831-32; on Recruiting service, 1832; on Coninnss;u-y duty (sub.si.sting Indiaus\ 
1832-33; oafrontier duty at Ft. Jesup, La., 1833 35; on Recruiting service, 

(First Lieut., 3d Infantry, Aug. 31, 1833) 
1835-37; on frontier duty at Ft. Jesuii, La.. 1837-38: on Reci-uiting ser\-ice, 
1838; on Northern Frontier during Canada Border Disturbances, at Swauton, 
Vt., 1838,— Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1838, -Ft. Covington, N. Y., 1838-39,- 

(Captain. 8th Infantry, July 7, 1838) 
Ogdensburgh, N. Y., 1839,— and Recruiting. 1839-40 : in garrison at Sackpft's 
Harbor, N.Y., 1840, —and . Jefferson Barracks. Mo.. 1849: in the Florida War, 
l!S40--i2: in garrison at Ft. l^rooke, Fla., 1843-45: in MiUtaiy O(!(nipation of 
Texas, 1845-46 : in the War \v\\h Mexico. 1846, being engaged in the Battle of 
Palo Alto, May 8, 1846.— and Battle of Resaca-de-la-Palma, May 9, 1846, where 



D. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 285 



Number. 1825. Class Kank. 



he was wounded; on Recruiting service, 1846-47; in the War with Mexico, 

(BvT. Major, May 9, 1846, foe Gallant Conduct in the Battles of 

Palo Alto and 11esaca-de-la-Palma, Tex. ) 

847-48, being engaged in the Battle of Cerro Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— Capture 

of San Antonio, Aug. 20, 1847, —Battle of Churubusco, Aug. '20, 1847, —Battle of 

Molino del Eey, Sep. 8, 1847, where he was wounded in the Assault of the 

(BvT. Lieut. -CoL., Sep. 8, 1847, foe Gallant and Meeitoeious Conduct 

IN the Battle of Molino del Rey, Mex. ) 

enemy's works, — Storming of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847, — and Assault and 
Capture of the City of Mexico, Seji. 13-14, 1847 ; in garrison at Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Mo., 1848-49; on frontier duty at Austin, Tex., 1849,— and Ft. Gates, 
Tex., 1849-50; on Recruiting service, 1850-53; on frontier duty at Ft. Chad- 

(Majoe, 2d Infantey, Dec. 7, 1852) 
bourne, Tex., 1853; on Recruiting service, 1853-54; in ganison at Jefferson 
Barracks, Mo., 1854; and on frontier duty at Ft. Riley, Kan., 1854-55, — Ft. 
Leavenworth, Kan., 1855, — Ft. Pierre, Dak., 1855, — and Ft. Leavenworth, 
Kan., 1855. 

Dismissed, Dec. 8, 1855, 
for " ApiJropriating a portion of the Military Reserve at Ft. Riley, Kan., to the 
uses of the Pawnee Association for a town site — he being interested in that 
Association." 
Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861-64 : in the defenses 
(Colonel, 1st N. J. Volunteees, May 17, 1861) 
(Beig.-Geneeal, U. S. Volunteees, M.^.y 17, 1861) 
of Washington, D. C, and as Military Governor of Alexandria, Va., Sep. -Dec, 
1861; in command of Annapolis, Md., Jan. to Mar. 17, 1862, — and at Philadel- 
phia, Pa., Apr. 4, 1862, to Mar. 2, 1863; in waiting orders at Cairo, 111., Mar. to 
Oct., 1863; on Military Commission at Memphis, Ten., Oct. 16, 1863, to Mar. 15, 
1864 ;.,and on leave of absence, Mar. 15 to Apr. 4, 1864. 
Resigned, Apr. 4, 1864, 

Civil History. — Unknown. 



420.. (Born Md.) H. ST. JAMES LINDEN* (Ap'd Md. ) . . 29 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

B\"r. Second Lieut., 2d Infantey, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 6th Infantey, July 1, 1825. 

Served: on Regimental Staff duty, 1826; on leave of absence, 1826-29; on 

Special duty in Eastern Department, 1829; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, 

Mo., 1829-31; on Recruiting service, 1831-33 ; and on sick leave of absence, 

(Fiest Lieut., 6th Infantry, Mar. 4, 1833) 
1833-36. 

Civil History.— Author of "Military Manual," 1830. 

Died, Aug. 10, 1836, at Baltimoee, Md. : Aged 34. 



• Named J.uuks S. Thompson, when he was graduated. 



286 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEK. 1S25. Class Kane. 



421. .(Bom Ky.) JAMES J. ANDERSON (Ap'd Ky.) .30 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militiiry Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Cth Infaktry, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Served : ou frontier duty at Ft Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo. , 1 826 ; in gar- 
rison at Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1827; in opening Military Road fiom Georgia 
Line to Smji-na, Fla., 1827-28; in garrison at Ft. Clinch, Fla., 1829; and on 
leave of absence, 1829-30. 

Resigned, July 1, 1830. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, Mason County, Ky. , 1837-45. 
Died, Oct. 1, 1845, in Mason Co., Ky. : Aged 40. 



422. .(Bom N. Y.) JAMES D. BURNHAM (Ap'd N. Y.). .31 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 1, 
1820, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Second Lieut., Marines, July 1, 1825. 
Served: in the Marine Coi-ps, 1825-26; and in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. 
(Transferred to 3d Artillery, June 28, 1826, to rank as 
Second Lieut, from July 1, 1825 
(Artillery School for Practice), 1826-28. 

Died, Mar. 6, 1828, at Old Point Comfort, Va. : Aged 27. 



423. .(Bom Mas.) GUSTAVUS DORR (Ap'd Mas.). .32 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. MiHtary Academy fi-om Sep. 1, 

1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Served: in gan-ison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1825-26, Ft. Howard, Wis., 

1826-27, -Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1827-29, -Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1829,^ 

Choteau Island, Arkansas River, 1829, — and Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1829-32; 

in the "Black Hawk " War against the Sac Indians, 1832, being engaged in the 

Battle of Bad Axe River, Aug. 2, 1832; on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, 

(First Lieut., 6th Inf.\ntry, M.vr. 4, 1833) 
Kan., 1832 33; on Recruiting service, 1833-34; on frontier duty at Jefferson 
Barracks, Mo., 1834-35, 1835-36,— Ft. Jesup, La.. 1836, -Camp Sabine, La., 
1836, — and Ft. Jesup, La., 1836; in the Florida War agaimt the Seminole In- 

( Captain, 6th Infantry, Sep. 26, 1837) 
dians, 1837 40, 1841-42, being engaged in the Battle of Okee-cho-bee, Dec. 25. 
1837; and on frontier duty at Ft. Towson, I. T., 1842. 

Dropped, Nov. 22, 1843, 
for " Having failed to attend to any duty since the expiration of the suspension 
to which he w.as sentenced," and "Having utterly disregarded the repeated 
ordern of the Commanding General;" but it having been proved that iu.sanity 
had caused his neglect of duty, he was, by the law of Aug. 12, 1848, placed 
on the list of invaUd pensioners. 
Died, Jan. 16, 1855, in Maclean Insane Asylum, Somebville, Mas.: Aged 37. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 287 



Number. IH^O. Class Hank. 



424 . . (Born Vt. ) FREDERICK THOMAS ( Ap'd Vt. ) . . 33 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1820, to Jul}' 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
Second Lieut., Marines, July 1, 1825. 
Ser\'6d: at the Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C, 1825-26; and on fron 
(Transferred to 7th Infantry, July 10, 1826, to rank as 
Second Lieut., from July 2, 1825) 
tier duty at Ft Gibson, I T., 1826-28,— Ft. Jesup, La., 1828-30,— and Ft. 
Gibson,!. T., 1830-3L 

Drowned, May 27, 1831, in Arkansas Kiver, near Ft. Gibson, I. T. : 
Aged 26. 



425. .(Born Md.) GEORGE W. GAREY (Ap'd Md.). .34 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

BvT. Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Served: in garrison at Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1826-27, — and New Orleans, La., 

1827-28; on frontier duty at Ft Crawford, Wis., 1828-30, 1831-32; in the 

(First Lieut., 1st Infantry, Oct 26, 1832) 
"Black Hawk" War against the Sac Indians, 1832, being engaged in the Battle 
of Bad Axe River, Aug. 2, 1832; on Special duty near Ft. Crawford, Wis., 
1832-33; and on frontier duty at Ft. SuelUng, Min., 1833. 

Died, Dec. 10, 1834, in Talbot County, Md. : Aged 32. 



426.. (Bom N.J.) JAMBS ENGLE (Ap'd N. J.). .35 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from June 24, 

1819, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Bvt. Second Lieut., 7th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Towson, I. T., 1826-27,— Ft. Crawford, Wis., 

(Transferred to 5th Infantry, Jan. 25, 1827) 

1827-28,— Ft. Dearborn, 111., 1828-31,— and Ft. Howard, Wis., 1831-32, 1833; 

(First Lieut., 5th Infantry, Oct. 14, 1830) 
and on Eecruiting service, 1833-34. 

Resigned, Dec. 31, 1834. 

Civil History. — Unknown. 

Died, 18—. 



427. (Bom Ga.). JOSEPH CLAY ( Ap'd Ga. ) . . 36 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1821, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1826; in gar- 



288 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1825-26. Class Rank. 

risou at Cantonment Clincli, Fla., 1827; in opening road from the Georgia 
State Line to Smyi-na, Fla., 1827-28; in garrison at Cantonment Brooke, Fla., 
1828-29, 1829-30; in opening road from Cantonment Brooke to the Seminole 
Agency, Fla., 1830; in the Cherokee Nation, 1830; and in garrison at Ft. 
MitcheU, Ala., 1830-32. 

Deed, July 8, 1832, at Ft. Gratiot, JIich. : Aged 25. 



428 . (Born K.I.) SAMUEL R. ALLSTON (Ap'd Mas. ) . . 37 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 1, 

1820, to July 1, 1825, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 

Btt. Second Lieut., 6th Infantey, July 1, 1825. 

Second Lleut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1825. 

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Atkinson, Council Bluffs, lo., 1826-27; in 

garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1827, — Cantonment Clinch, Fla., 1827-28, 

— Now Orleans, La., 1828, — Baton Eouge, La., 1828, — and Cantonment Clinch, 

Fla., 1828-29; in the Creek Nation, 1829-30; in the Choctaw Nation, 1830; in 

garrison at Ft. Mitchell, Ala., 1830, 1831-32,— Augusta Arsenal, Ga., 1832-33, 

—and Ft. Mitchell, Ala!, 1833-S4; in the Cherokee Nation, 1834-35; and in 

(First Lieut., 4th Infantry, Not. 28, 1835) 
garrison at Ft. Mitchell, Ala., 1835-36. 

Resigned, Jan. 31, 1836. 

Civil History. — 

Died, 1836, at New York City: Aged 30. 



CLASS OF 1826. 



429 . . (Bom Pa. ) . . . . WILLIAM H. C. B ARTLETT (Ap'd Mo. ) . . 1 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1822, to July 1, 1826, when he was gi-aduated and jDromoted in the Armj^ to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1826. 
Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1826, to Apr. 20, 1836. 
Served: at the Military Academy, 1827-29, as Asst. Professor of Engineering, 
Aug. 30, 1826, to Api-. 21, 1827, — and as Principal Asst. Professor of Engineer- 
ing, Apr. 21, 1827, to Aug. 30, 1829; as Asst. Engineer in the construction of 
Ft. Monroe, Va., 1828,- and of Ft. Adams, Ntnvport liarbor, R. I.. 1829 32; 
as Assistant to the Chief Engineer at Washington, D. C, 1832 34; and at 
the Military Academy, as Acting Professor of Natural and Experimental 
(Professor of Natural and Experimental PnttosoPHY, Military 
Academy, Apr. 20, 1836) 
Philosophy, Nov. 22, 1834, to Apr. 20, 1836, and Professor, since Apr. 20, 1836. 

Civil History. —Degree of A. M., conferred by New Jersey College, Prince- 
tun, N. J., 1837; and of LL. D., by Geneva College, N. Y., 1847. Author of 
a "Treatise on Optics," 1839; of "Synthetical Mechanics," 1850 58; of 
" Acoustics and Optics," 1852-59; of "Analytical Mechanics," 1853-59; and of 
"Spherical Astronomy," 18.55-58— ^ all designed for the u.se of the Cadets of 
the U. S. Military Academy. Member of several scientific associations, 1840-65; 
and Coi-porator of the National Academy of Sciences since Mar. 3, 1863. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 289 



Number. 183^6. Class Kank. 

430. .(Born N. Y.) THOMAS S. TWISS (Ap'd Vt). .2 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 
1822, to July 1, 182G, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1826, 
Sen-ed: at the Military Academy, as Asst. Professor of Natural and Experi- 
mental Philosophy, Sep. 8, 1826, to May 12, 1828; and as Asst. Engineer in 
the construction of Ft. Adams, Newport, R. L, 1826-29. 
Eesigned, June 30, 1829. 

Civil History. — Professor of Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, and As- 
tronomy, South Carolina College, 1829-47. Superintendent of Nesbitt Manu- 
facturing Company's Ii'on Works, Spartanburg, S. C, 1847-50. Resident and 
Consulting Engineer, Bufialo and New York Uailroacl, 1850-55. U. S. Indian 
Agent of the tfpper Platte District, for the Wild Tribes of the Prairies and the 
Mountains, Mar. 3, 1855, to 



431. .(Bom Va.) 'WILLIAM BRYANT (Ap'dVa.)..3 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy fi-om July 1, 
1822, to July 1, 1826, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1826. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1826. 
Served: at the Military Academy, 1826-29, as Asst. Professor of Chemistry, 
Mineralogy, and Geology, Aug. 30, 1826, to Aug. 31, 1828, — and as Asst. Pro- 
fessor of Engineering, Aug. 31, 1828, to Aug. 31, 1829; and in garrison at Ft. 
Preble, Me., 1830-31,— Ft. Moultrie, S. C, 1831-32,— Ft. Monroe, Va., 1832-34, 
-Ft. Mitchell, Ala., 1834,— and Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1834-35. 
Resigned, Aug. 31, 1835. 

Civil History. — Clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 1839-46. 
Principal of Botetourt Academy, Va., 1845^6. 

Died, Aug. 15, 1846, at Botetourt, Va. : Aged 42. 



432. (Bom N. H.). . THOMAS JEFFERSON CRAM . . . (Ap'd N. H.). .4 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. MiUtaiy Academy from July 1, 
1822, to July 1, 1826, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1826. 
Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1826. 
Served at the Military Academy, 1826-36, as Asst. Professor of Mathe- 
matics, Aug. 30, 1826, to Sep. 2, 1829, — and as Principal Asst. Professor of 

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Apr. 10, 1835) 
Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Sep. 2, 1829, to June 25, 1836. 
Resigned, Sep. 16, 1836. 

Civil History. — Asst. Engineer on Railroads in Maryland and Pennsyl- 
vania, 1836-38. 

Military History. — Re-appointed in the U. S. Army with the rank of 
Captain, Corps of Topographical Engineers, July 7, 1838. 

Served: as Superintending Top. Engineer of Roads in Wisconsin, Ulinoi?, 
Indiana, and Michigan, — of Harbors on Lake Michigan, — of River Improve- 
ments in Wisconsin, — of Survey of Boundary between Michigan and Wiscon- 

19 



290 GRADUATES OF THE 



Number. 1826. Class Rank. 



sin Territoiy, — and of Survey of North-western Lakes, 1839-13; as Asst. Top. 
Engineer in improvement of Navigation of Falls of the Ohio River, at Louis- 
vilJe, Kj'., 1813-44; on Survey, etc., of "Grand Chain," Mississippi River, 
near Cape Gu-ardeau, Mo., 1844, — and of St. Louis harbor, Mo., 1844; in mak- 
ing Military Reconnoisances in Texas, 1845-46; as Assistant in the Geodetic 
Survey of the Coast of New England, 1847-55; as Chief Top. Engineer in the 
Department of the Pacific, 1855-58; and as Assistant in the Geodetic Survey 
of the Coast of North Carohna, 1858-61. 

Served during the Rebelhon of the Seceding States, 1861-66: as Aide-de- 
(Majok, Cokps of Topographical Engineers, Aug. 6, 1861) 
(Lieut. -Colonel, Top. Engineers, Sep. 9, 1861: Corps or 
Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863) 
(Col. Staff — Additional Aide-de-Camp, Sep. 25, 1861) 
Camp to Major-General Wool, while in command of the Department of Vir- 
ginia, headquarters at Ft. Monroe, Va., — of Middle Department, headquar- 
ters at Baltimore, Md., — and of Department of the East, headquarters at 
Troy, N. Y., 1861-63, being engaged, as Actins Inspector-Genei-al, in the Cap- 
ture of Norfolk, Va., May 10, 1862; as Superintending Engineer of the con- 
straction of Ft. Wayne, Mich., Aug. 1, 1863, to ,— and of the im- 

(CoLONTiL, Corps or Engineers, Nov. 23, 1865) 

provement of the Harbors on Lake Michigan, Oct., 1864, to Aug, 3, 1865, on 

(BvT. Brig. -General, and Bvt. Maj. -General, U. S. Armt, Jan. 13, 1866, 

FOR Faithful and jMeritorious Services during the Rebellion) 

Lake Erie, Oct., 1864, to , and on Lake Huron, Aug., 1866, to 



433. (Bom Del.) CHARLES G. RIDGELY (Ap'd Del.). .5 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Militaiy Academy from July 1, 
1822, to July 1, 1826, when he was graduated and "promoted in the Army to 
Bvt. Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, Julx 1, 1826. 
Served at the Military Academy, as Asst. Teacher of French, Aug. 30, 1826, 
to Feb. 22, 1827. 

Resigned, Feb. 22, 1827. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, at Dover, Del., and Georgetown, D. C. 
1835^4. 

Died, June 15, 1844, at Georgetown, D. C. : Aged 40. 



434. (Bom Pa.) JOHN McCLELLAN (Ap'd Pa.). .6 

Military History.— Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 

1822, to July 1, 1826, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 

Bvt. Secont) Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1826. 

Second Lieut., 1st Artiltj^ry, July 1, 1826. 

Sei-ved: in gan-isonat Ft. :Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice^, 1826-28-, 

on Topographical duty, July 9, 1828, to Oct. 18, 1831; as Adjutant, 1st Artillery, 

at Regimental headquarters, 1831 33; as Adjutant of Artillery School for 

(First Lieut., 1st Autu^lery, Sep. 30, 1833) 
Practice, at Ft. Mom-oe, Va., Dec. 1, 1833, to July, 1834; in garrison at Ft, 
Monroe, Va., 1834-36; and in Creek Nation, 1836. 
Resigned, Nov. 19, 1836. 



U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY. 291 



Number. 1826. Class Rank. 

Civil History. — Civil Engineer, 183G- 38. 

Militaiy History. — Ee-appointecl in the Ai-m}% vs-ith the rank of 

Captain, Coeps of Topogkaphical Engineers, July 7, 1838. 
Served: in charge of Harbor and Eiver Improvements on the Coast of North 
Carolina, 1839, 1840-41; in Topographical Bureau at Washiugton. D. C, 1841; 
in the Florida War, 1839-40, 1841-42; on Survey of Bouudaiy between Michi- 
gan and Wisconsin, 1843-45, — and in charge of Lake Michigan Harbor Improve- 
ments, 1843-46; in the War with Mexico, 1846-47, being engaged iu the Siege 
of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,— Battle of CeiTO Gordo, Apr. 17-18, 1847,— 
Battle of Churubusco, Aug. 20, 1847,— and Operations before the City of 
(BvT. Major, Aug. 20, 1847, for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct 
IN THE Battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mex. ) 
Mexico, Sep. 12-13, 1847; in Topographical Bureau at Washington, D. C, ■ 
(BvT. Lieut. -Col., Sep. 13, 1847, for Gallant .vnd Meritorious Conduct 
IN THE Military Operations before the City of Mexico) 
1848-49 ; on Survey of Boundary between the United States and Mexico, 
1849-51; and in charge of Tennessee River Improvements, 1853-54. 
Deed, Sep. 1, 1854, at Knoxville, Ten. : Aged 49. 



435. (Bom Ten.)... BENNETT H. HENDERSON (Ap'd N. C.) .7 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from Sep. 1, 
1822, to July 1, 1826, when he was graduated and promoted in the Ai-my to 
BvT. Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, July 1, 1826. 
Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1826. 
Served: at the Mihtary Academy, as Asst. Professor of Geography, History, 
and Ethics, Aug. 30, 1826, to Dec. 19, 1829; as Judge Advocate of the West- 
em Department, Jan. 7, 1830, to Sep. 26, 1831; and on leave of absence, 
1831-32. 

Resigned, Jxtne 30, 1832. 

Civil History. — Counsellor at Law, St. Louis, Mo., 1832. 

Killed by being accidentally thrown from a Carriage, 
July 8, 1832, at St. Louis Mo. : Aged 27. 



436. . (Bom Ky.) ALBERT S. JOHNSTON (Ap'd La.) . .8 

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. Mihtary Academy from July 1, 
1822, to July 1, 1826, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to 
BvT. Second Lieut. , 2d Inf.antey, July 1, 1826. 
Second Lieut., 6th Infantry, July 1, 1826. 
Served: in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1827, — Jefferson Barracks, 
Mo., 1827-28; as Adjutant, 6th Infantry, at Regimental headquarters, Sep. 14, 
1828, to Sep. 7, 1832 ; in the ' ' Black Hawk "' WiU' against the Sac Indians, as 
Col. Statf (Asst. Adjutant-General) of lUinois Volunteers, May 9 to Oct. 11, 
1832, being engaged ia the Battle of Bad Axe River, Aug. 2, 1832; as Aide-de- 
Camp to Bvt. Brig. -General Atkinson, May 8, 1832, to Oct. 31, 1833; and on 
leave of absence, 1833-34. 

Resigned, May 31, 1834. 

Civil History. — Adjutant-General of the Army of the Republic of Texas, 
1836,— Senior Brig. -General, 1836 -38, —and Secretary of War, 1838^0. 



292 GRADUATES OF THE 



NuMBEE. 1826. Class Rank. 

Military History.— Ser\'ed ia the War ^^^th Mexico, of 184G-48, as 
CoLONEi., 1st Texas Volunteebs (Rifles), July 8 to Aug. 24, 1846, 
aud, on the discharge of his regiment, was engaged in the Battle of IMonterey, 
Sep. 21-23, 1846, as Inspector-General on the Staff of Major-Geueral W. O. 
Butler. 

Civil History.— Farmer, Brazos River, Tex., 1846-49. 

Military EUstory. — Re-appointed in the U. S. Army with the rank of 

Major Staff — Paymaster, Oct. 31, 1849. 
S